WorldWideScience

Sample records for bevillingerne store nok

  1. Analysis of Danish energy research: are the funds sufficient, and are the priorities the right ones?; Analyse af dansk energiforskning: er bevillingerne store nok, og er prioriteringerne rigtige?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenhagen, C. (COWI A/S, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)); Hougaard Jensen, S.E. (Centre For Economic and Business Research (CEBR), Frederiksberg (Denmark)); Moellgaard, P.; Nielsen, Soeren Bo (Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen (Denmark))

    2009-09-15

    One of Denmark's official energy policy objectives is that Denmark must be independent of fossil fuels in the long term (2050). In addition, Denmark has committed itself to targets at the medium term (2020), which implies a much higher proportion of renewable energy in total energy supply and a marked lower emission of greenhouse gases. An assessment of the Danish energy research must be considered in conjunction with these broad objectives. Additionally the energy research must be assessed from its socio-economic importance, including its contribution to economic growth and productivity. Danish energy research has shown that it is possible to create good research environments and results at a high international level. Danish energy research are today carried out in close international cooperation, and Danish energy researchers are good at getting EU research funding. The analysis indicates that both co-financing from abroad and from industry are significantly higher for Danish energy research than for Danish research in general. There are Danish strongholds within the technologies which the International Energy Agency (IEA) has estimated to provide the highest cost reduction, including fuel cells, electric cars, solar cells and geothermal heat pumps. With Risoe / DTU as the leading institute and with larger environments at other universities, Denmark has managed to develop specific competencies in several renewable technologies and in development and integration of the electricity system. Despite statements of wanting to be the 'pioneer' country, Denmark does not give energy research especially high priority. Thus, public funding for energy research is only 7-8% of the total public research funding, which corresponds to OECD average. The research funding system for energy has been characterized by considerable instability in funding over a longer period of time ('stop-go'). This weakens the possibilities for long term planning of research. The system is characterized by many 'small funds' which does not work optimally, and there is insufficient coordination among schemes. Small research entities generally also find it difficult to participate in applications for large research grants, including EU funds. (author)

  2. New NOK mobile exhibition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By means of 20 visual aids, the NOK mobile exhibition aims to illustrate how the NOK satisfies the power requirements of two million people in nine cantons. Of particular interest are the graphs of daily and annual consumption. Examples of the exhibits are a flow model which at the touch of a button demonstrates to the visitor how a pumped-storage or nuclear power station operates, and a model of power transmission. (R.S.)

  3. Stores

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Following the introduction of Condensators, resistors and potentiometers from the Farnell electronic-catalogue into CERN Stores' catalogue, following products are now available: PRODUCT FAMILY GROUP SCEM Oscillators and quartz crystals 07.94.10 / 07.94.12 Diodes 08.51.14 / 08.51.54 Thyristors 08.51.60 / 08.51.66 Opto-electronics 08.52 Transistors 08.53 Integrated circuits 08.54 / 08.55 These articles can be procured in the same way as any other stores item, by completing a Material Request. N.B. Individual Farnell order codes can be used as keywords to facilitate searches in the CERN Stores Catalogue.

  4. Spent fuel transport and storage system for NOK: The TN52L, TN97L, TN24 BHL and TN24 GB casks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NOK nuclear power plants in Switzerland, LEIBSTADT (KKL) BWR nuclear power plant and BEZNAU (KKB) PWR nuclear power plant have opted to ship spent fuel to a central facility called ZWILAG for interim storage. In the mid-nineties, COGEMA LOGISTICS was contracted by KKL for the supply of the TN52L and TN97L transport and storage casks for BWR fuel types. In 2003, KKL also ordered from COGEMA LOGISTICS the supply of six TN24 BHL transport and storage casks. This paper shows how all the three cask designs have responded to the KKL needs to ship and store BWR spent fuel. In addition, it highlights the already significant operational feedback of the TN52L and TN97L casks by the KKL and ZWILAG operators. In 2004, NOK also ordered three TN24 GB transport and storage casks for PWR fuel types. These casks are presently being manufactured. (author)

  5. Spent fuel transport and storage system for NOK nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Both NOK nuclear power plants in Switzerland - LEIBSTADT (KKL) BWR nuclear power plant and BEZNAU ( KKB) PWR nuclear power plant - have opted to ship spent fuel to a central facility called ZWILAG for interim storage. In the mid-nineties, COGEMA LOGISTICS was contracted by KKL for the supply of the TNTM52L and TNTM97L transport and storage casks for BWR fuel types. In 2003, KKL also ordered from COGEMA LOGISTICS the supply of six TNTM24 BHL transport and storage casks. This paper shows how all the three cask designs have responded to KKL requirements to ship and store BWR spent fuel. In addition, it highlights the already significant operational feedback of the TNTM52L and TNTM97L casks by the KKL and ZWILAG operators. In 2004, NOK also ordered three TNTM24 GB transport and storage casks for PWR fuel types. These casks are presently under manufacturing. TNTM52L: One TNTM52L unit was delivered to KKL in 2000. This TNTM52L cask has been used as a transport cask for the shipment of KKL spent fuel to COGEMA La Hague plant. After that, it has been used for the dry storage of KKL spent fuel at ZWILAG. The paper will present the wide range of operations made with the TNTM52L cask: loading, routine transport, unloading, maintenance, transport to ZWILAG and storage at ZWILAG. The experience gained from these operations will be presented. TNTM97L: Nine TNTM97L units were ordered by KKL. They have all been loaded and successfully stored at ZWILAG. The TNTM97L transport and storage cask has the highest payload ever designed world wide for BWR spent fuel. The paper will detail the operational feedback with this 'giant', from the cask loading at KKL to its transport and storage at ZWILAG. TNTM24 BHL: KKL has recently opted for the TNTM24BH cask design. The TNTM24BH was first designed for the fuel elements of the Swiss nuclear power plant of Muehleberg. By taking advantage of TNTM52L and TNTM97L experience, the TNTM24BHL (L for Leibstadt) will fulfil KKL future needs

  6. Landfill gas at 0.17 NOK/kWh from Norwegian plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article relates briefly to the utilization of bio gas from sanitary landfills in Norway. The annual cost of investment for the energy parts of plants is on an average of 0.9 NOK/kWh, and the total investment about 2.2 NOK/kWh. The calculated energy price for the recovery of 1 kWh of thermal energy from bio gas shows to be about 0.17 NOK/kWh. Bio gas from landfills consists of methane (40-55%) and carbon dioxide (25-40%), and the recovered volume of gas per ton of waste is 2.8 Nm3. 1 fig

  7. Ulama Perempuan di Panggung Pendidikan: Menelursuri Kiprah Nyai Hj. Nok Yam Suyami Temanggung

    OpenAIRE

    Anisah Indriati

    2014-01-01

    The term scholars, often associated with men. Though not denying the existence of women religious figures in Islamic history. Therefore, efforts to uncover side-scholars of women’s studies should be developed. This article discusses the thinking Ny. Hj. Nok Suyami and their work in the community. This qualitative research study life story that includes the source data obtained through interviews with domain analysis in Temanggung. This study concludes that the figure Hj. Nok Suyami qualify...

  8. Experience in the use of MOX fuels in the Beznau plants of NOK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience of the Swiss utility Nordostschweizerische Kraftwerke (NOK) in recycling plutonium in the form of mixed oxide (MOX) fuel is described. NOK's two 350MW (e) PWRs, Beznau 1 and 2, started up in 1969 and 1971 respectively with the intention from the start of operating a closed fuel cycle strategy. Contracts for the reprocessing of spent fuel were entered into. Recycle of plutonium as MOX fuel started in 1978 in the Beznau 1 reactor, one of the earliest European uses of MOX in a power reactor. At that time, NOK had no plutonium of its own due to delays in commercial LWR fuel reprocessing. Plutonium was therefore leased from a third party with an agreement for the return of equivalent amounts when NOK's own material became available. The initial loading of MOX fuel was only 4 assemblies. The licensing limit for the amount of MOX fuel in the reactor cores has been increased steadily as experience has developed, and NOK's own reprocessed plutonium has come on stream. These leasing and licensing measures have been effective in smoothing out troughs and peaks in plutonium availability over the years. Other aspects of the successful MOX recycle programme which are covered include: design and performance; in-core fuel management; economics; transport, handling and safeguards; future recycle options and strategies. (UK)

  9. Ulama Perempuan di Panggung Pendidikan: Menelursuri Kiprah Nyai Hj. Nok Yam Suyami Temanggung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anisah Indriati

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The term scholars, often associated with men. Though not denying the existence of women religious figures in Islamic history. Therefore, efforts to uncover side-scholars of women’s studies should be developed. This article discusses the thinking Ny. Hj. Nok Suyami and their work in the community. This qualitative research study life story that includes the source data obtained through interviews with domain analysis in Temanggung. This study concludes that the figure Hj. Nok Suyami qualify to be called as scholars’ because of some fundamental things inherent in him. Namely: (1 a qualified religious science capacity, (2 academic progression, (3 high human social life, (4 the ability to adapt to a good society, and (5 personal that is recognized by the society.

  10. NOK/STYK1 promotes the genesis and remodeling of blood and lymphatic vessels during tumor progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yue; Li, Tianqi; Hu, Dan; Zhang, Shuping

    2016-09-01

    Previous studies have indicated that the overexpression of NOK, also named STYK1, led to tumorigenesis and metastasis. Here, we provide evidence that increased expression of NOK/STYK1 caused marked alterations in the overall and inner structures of tumors and substantially facilitates the genesis and remodeling of the blood and lymphatic vessels during tumor progression. In particular, NOK-expressed HeLa stable cells (HeLa-K) significantly enhanced tumor growth and metastasis in xenografted nude mice. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining demonstrated that the tumor tissues generated by HeLa-K cells were much more ichorous and had more interspaces than those generated by control HeLa cells (HeLa-C). The fluorescent areas stained with cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31), a marker protein for blood vessels, appeared to be in different patterns. The total blood vessels, especially the ring patterns, within the tumors of the HeLa-K group were highly enriched compared with those in the HeLa-C group. NOK-HA was demonstrated to be well colocalized with CD31 in the wall of the tubular structures within tumor tissues. Interestingly, antibody staining of the lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor (LYVE-1) further revealed the increase in ring (oratretic strip-like) lymphatic vessels in either the peritumoral or intratumoral areas in the HeLa-K group compared with the HeLa-C group. Consistently, the analysis of human cancerous tissue also showed that NOK was highly expressed in the walls of tubular structures. Thus, our results reveal a novel tumorigenic function of NOK to mediate the genesis and remodeling of blood and lymphatic vessels during tumor progression. PMID:27444381

  11. Beznau II nuclear power plant: Expertise on NOK's request for the removal of the time limitation for the operation licence; KKW Beznau II: Gutachten zum Gesuch der NOK um Aufhebung der Befristung der Betriebsbewilligung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-03-15

    The Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK) is the Swiss authority responsible for nuclear safety and protection against radioactivity in nuclear power plants. It has to examine the request of the North-East Swiss Power Corporation (NOK) concerning the removal of the operational time limitation for the Beznau-II reactor (KKB-II). In the present report HSK reviews the enterprise management and the safety of KKB-II on the basis of the results of the Periodic Safety Review. The Beznau nuclear power plant exhibits a very high degree of technical and organisational safety. During the past 10 years the plant has been operated in a safe manner. At the same time the plant has been improved and this guarantees that the mechanisms of ageing degradation are systematically identified and that measures can be taken that are possibly necessary. Under such conditions, the safety of KKB-II can be guarantied at all times. As a result of the management of quality, environmental and working safety conditions, the correct application and the continuous improvement of all processes important to safety are ensured. With these measures KKB has shown that safety is given priority over and against all other working goals. The examination by HSK of the Periodic Safety Review has shown that, in the past, KKB has applied modernisation measures independent of the licensing situation of the two reactor blocks. These modernisation measures largely contribute to the fact that the HSK examination did not reveal any significant safety deficiencies. Other improvement measures allow risk reduction or can bee seen as an adaptation to experience gained and to the state of the technological art. In conclusion, HSK states that no safety-relevant facts have been found which could prevent the removal of the time limitation on the operational licence for KKB-II. From the point of view of HSK, KKB-II fulfils the conditions for the safe continuation of operation

  12. Beznau II nuclear power plant: Expertise on NOK's request for the removal of the time limitation for the operation licence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK) is the Swiss authority responsible for nuclear safety and protection against radioactivity in nuclear power plants. It has to examine the request of the North-East Swiss Power Corporation (NOK) concerning the removal of the operational time limitation for the Beznau-II reactor (KKB-II). In the present report HSK reviews the enterprise management and the safety of KKB-II on the basis of the results of the Periodic Safety Review. The Beznau nuclear power plant exhibits a very high degree of technical and organisational safety. During the past 10 years the plant has been operated in a safe manner. At the same time the plant has been improved and this guarantees that the mechanisms of ageing degradation are systematically identified and that measures can be taken that are possibly necessary. Under such conditions, the safety of KKB-II can be guarantied at all times. As a result of the management of quality, environmental and working safety conditions, the correct application and the continuous improvement of all processes important to safety are ensured. With these measures KKB has shown that safety is given priority over and against all other working goals. The examination by HSK of the Periodic Safety Review has shown that, in the past, KKB has applied modernisation measures independent of the licensing situation of the two reactor blocks. These modernisation measures largely contribute to the fact that the HSK examination did not reveal any significant safety deficiencies. Other improvement measures allow risk reduction or can bee seen as an adaptation to experience gained and to the state of the technological art. In conclusion, HSK states that no safety-relevant facts have been found which could prevent the removal of the time limitation on the operational licence for KKB-II. From the point of view of HSK, KKB-II fulfils the conditions for the safe continuation of operation

  13. Er selvtillid nok?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Görlich, Anne

    Increasing the number of youth completing secondary and tertiary education is essential for European as well as national strategies for education. A larger number of students are to finish a better quality education. In Denmark the target is for 95% of youth under 30 years of age to obtain...... secondary education. Hence, numerous targets are set politically and initiatives are formed educationally. In working with research projects within youth and retention, we have come across a tendency for initiatives to include ‘personal development’ of young people, explicitly as well as implicitly. In this...... presentation, I argue that such an individual focus best grasp the complexity of retention when coupled with a focus on the education of which the individual is a part. I argue that there is a need for connecting the two concepts in relation to ‘youth in educational clarification processes’ when working...

  14. TO STORES USERS

    CERN Multimedia

    SPL Division

    2001-01-01

    Stores users are informed that the Stores (Central, Emergency window, Raw materials, Chemical products and Prévessin Self service stores) will be closed on Friday, 7 December owing to migration of the Stores computers to Windows 2000. Thank you for your understanding.

  15. STYK1/NOK基因转染对肺腺癌细胞迁移和侵袭的影响%Impact of STYK1/NOK gene transfection on the migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cell line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鹏; 张志培; 金河天; 刘涛; 李小飞

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨STYK1/NOK基因对肺腺癌细胞迁移和侵袭的影响.方法:运用电穿孔仪将含STYK1/NOK全长基因的重组真核表达质粒(pcDNA3.1/NOK)转染入肺腺癌细胞系A549,筛选出稳定表达NOK蛋白的单克隆株A549-NOK.蛋白质印迹法检测转染前后细胞内NOK蛋白的表达效果.划痕实验、Transwell迁移实验检测转染前后细胞的迁移能力,Matrigel侵袭实验检测细胞的侵袭能力,MTT法绘制细胞生长曲线.结果:蛋白质印迹法显示,A549-NOK细胞中NOK蛋白表达量明显增高.划痕实验结果显示,A549-NOK细胞的迁移速度加快.在Transwell迁移实验中,A549-NOK组的穿膜细胞数较A549及空质粒对照组增多(95.7±9.5vs69.1±8.3、70.5±7.5),P值分别为0.003和0.004.Matrigel侵袭实验中A549-NOK组的穿膜细胞数较A549及空质粒对照组增多(67.8±6.7vs36.0±4.1、38.3±5.1),P值分别为0.000和0.001.MTT结果显示,A549-NOK细胞较A549和空质粒对照组细胞生长曲线上移.结论:STYKl/NOK基因能够促进肺腺癌细胞的迁移和侵袭,可能在肺癌的转移中发挥重要作用.%OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of STYK1/NOK gene on the migration and invasion of lung adeno-carcinoma cell line. METHODS: The recombinant STYK1/NOK eukaryotic expression plasmid was transfected into A549 cells with electroporation apparatus. The cloned strain A549-NOK with stable expression of NOK was screened, then the protein NOK was detected by Western blot. Cell migration was tested by scratch-wound assay and transwell migration assay. Cell invasion was tested by matrigel invasion assay. The cell growth curve was determined by MTT. RESULTS: Western blot showed the high expression level of NOK in A549-NOK cells. Scratch-wound assay showed the migrating speed of A549-NOK was faster than those of the controls. Transwell migration assay showed that the number of A549-NOK cells that passed the Transwell membrane was more than those of A549 and blank control cells

  16. Report on the NOK's request for the removal of time limits on the licence for the operation of the Beznau II nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss Federal Council limited the licence for the operation of the nuclear power reactor Beznau-II (KKB-II) to December 31, 2004. According to the legal requirements for the removal of the time limitation for the operational licence, the power plant operator (NOK) fulfilled a Periodic Safety Review. The Federal Agency for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (HSK) examined the request based on the documents delivered by NOK. In October 2002 the German-Swiss Commission for the Safety of Nuclear Installations (DSK) wrote a report considering three evaluation domains: a) application of the former HSK considerations; b) operational experience, especially the results of the surveillance programme on ageing and the maintenance aspects associated with it; c) for the future, retaining of the radiological consequences on German states during normal operation as well as after incidents according to the present German ordinances. HSK delivered a report giving its assessment of the operation of the Beznau nuclear power plant (KKB). According to its report, the plant exhibits a very high degree of technical and organisational safety. During the past 10 years the plant has been operated in a safe manner and the installation has been improved as a result of continuous modernisation. As no safety-relevant incidents have been noted, HSK concludes that the time limitation of the operational licence of KKB-II can be removed. On its part, DSK expects that the monitoring of ageing should become a continuous practice at the plant. The following areas are recommended for special attention: reactor thermal power; release of radioactive materials to the environment; safety report; full scope simulator; release of radioactive materials to drainage water; surveillance of leakage of the primary circuit; extension of the operational life to over 40 years; probabilistic analysis of earthquakes. As far as the radioactive exposition of the neighbouring German regions during normal operation is

  17. Positioning of Store Brands

    OpenAIRE

    Serdar Sayman; Hoch, Stephen J; Jagmohan S. Raju

    2002-01-01

    We examine the retailer's store brand positioning problem. Our game-theoretic model helps us identify a set of conditions under which the optimal strategy for the retailer is to position the store brand as close as possible to the stronger national brand. In three empirical studies, we examined whether market data are consistent with some of the implications of our model. In the first study, using observational data from two US supermarket chains, we found that store brands are more likely to...

  18. Hybrid data storing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method for improving the efficiency of data storing systems has been proposed in the paper. It has been also proposed to consider the inquiry processing model in terms of queuing theory. Criteria of the efficiency of the data storing systems have been presented

  19. Information for stores users

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    From next week, the SFS UNIMARKET (tooling) catalogue will be accessible using the Material Request form on EDH in addition to the CERN Stores catalogue and those of existing suppliers. Users will now be able to place orders from the SFS catalogue using the Material Request form on EDH. Note: The system automatically forwards orders for standard Stores equipment and those for SFS equipment, placed using the same Material Request form, to the CERN Stores and SFS respectively. In both cases, the maximum delivery time will be 48 hours. Requests for equipment will be routed for approval in accordance with standard EDH routing procedures. Logistics Group FI Department

  20. INFORMATION FOR STORES USERS

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    From next week, the SFS UNIMARKET (tooling) catalogue will be accessible using the Material Request form on EDH in addition to the CERN Stores catalogue and those of existing suppliers. Users will now be able to place orders from the SFS catalogue using the Material Request form on EDH. Note: The system automatically forwards orders for standard Stores equipment and those for SFS equipment, placed using the same Material Request form, to the CERN Stores and SFS respectively. In both cases, the maximum delivery time will be 48 hours. Requests for equipment will be routed for approval in accordance with standard EDH routing procedures. Logistics Group FI Department

  1. INFORMATION FOR STORES USERS

    CERN Multimedia

    SPL Division

    1999-01-01

    You can now make Material Request from CERN Stores over the WEB :CERN Home/Administrative Tools/EDH/Material Requestor https://edh.cern.ch/Document/MAGVia the Stores Catalogue : CERN Home/Administrative Tools/Stores Catalogueor http://edhcat.cern.ch/In both cases, you need to enter your EDH login and password.For more details, you can consult the Quick Reference Guide on :http://edh.cern.ch/doc/quickrefguides.htmlor obtain a printed version from AIS Support at tel: 79933or e-mail to: ais.support@cern.chSPL DivisionLogistics Group

  2. Information for stores users

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Bossard catalogue is now accessible alongside the CERN Stores catalogue from the Material Request form on EDH. Users will thus be able to order Bossard equipment using the EDH Materials Request form. As a reminder, the system automatically forwards orders for standard Stores equipment to the CERN Stores and those for Bossard equipment to Bossard. In both cases the delivery time will be a maximum of 48 hours. Requests for materials will be routed for approval in accordance with the standard EDH routing procedures. Some items will remain available from the emergency desk in the event of urgent requests. These items will be visible in the Stores catalogue even if they cannot be purchased via the EDH material request form. Logistics Group FI Department

  3. Information for Stores users

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    The DISTRELEC catalogue (IT) is now available in EDH in addition to the CERN Stores catalogue and the catalogues of existing suppliers. Using an EDH materials request form, users can now order DISTRELEC equipment from amongst the following product groups: peripherals, multimedia, PC components, data media, communication and data cables and adapters. Non-authorised materials will be clearly indicated. As a reminder, the system automatically manages the distribution of standard Stores equipment and punch out equipment ordered on the same request form. In both cases, delivery will take a maximum of 48 hours. The approval of the EDH document will follow the usual EDH routing procedures. Logistics Group FI Department

  4. Den store skandinaviske redningsaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus Bundgård

    2015-01-01

    Historikeren Bo Lidegaard fortæller flot den store historie om den forbløffende og komplicerede skandinaviske redning af fanger fra Hitlers koncentrationslejre. En historie, der samtidig berører alvorlige moralske spørgsmål.......Historikeren Bo Lidegaard fortæller flot den store historie om den forbløffende og komplicerede skandinaviske redning af fanger fra Hitlers koncentrationslejre. En historie, der samtidig berører alvorlige moralske spørgsmål....

  5. Information for stores users

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    From the beginning of March onwards, the LYRECO (stationery) catalogue will be accessible from the Material Request form on EDH in the same way as the CERN Stores catalogue and the existing individual supplier catalogues. Items will be delivered within a maximum of 48 hours. Logistics Group FI Department

  6. Store Lagre 5

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Åge, Jensen Niels; Leo, Holm; Mogens, Posvig; Brink, Clausen Jens; Heller, Alfred; Uffe, Nielsen; Flemming, Ulbjerg; Leif, Tambjerg; Alex, Sørensen Per

    1999-01-01

    A seasonal thermal storage, consisting of a pit store with gravel-sand fill and pipe heat exchanger is designed and conducted at the Central Solar Heating Plant in Marstal, Aeroe.The task, by DTU was to carrie out experiments to determine the heat transport from the polymer pipes to the storage...

  7. Shopping in discount stores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zielke, Stephan

    2014-01-01

    quarters of intentions to shop in discount stores. Value perception has the strongest total effect, which is partly mediated by enjoyment, shame and guilt. Attributions influence the shopping intention indirectly via value perception and emotions. The inferior quality attribution has the strongest total...

  8. "Det er nok noget psykisk"

    OpenAIRE

    Zarling Kamel, Nadia

    2016-01-01

    This project is an analysis of the power structures connected to the dualistic view of mind/body in relation to health and health promotion and how dualism still today affects the primary view and discourse in relation to health and disease. The project discusses how this affects the authority relation between patient and health services, and to what extent this limits the individual’s subjective experience of empowerment, sense of correlation and agency, which are all crucial to the subjecti...

  9. Relationships among Store Image and Store Loyalty in Slovenia

    OpenAIRE

    Grah Miran; Tominc Polona

    2015-01-01

    Image has become one of the most important factors of stores’ survival and development. In this paper, a model of relationships among the multidimensional variables of store image, positive affect, satisfaction with the store, trust and commitment to the store is formed and tested with a sample of 209 customers in three stores in the Pomurje region of Slovenia. The important conclusion of the research is that several interrelations among store image, positive affect, satisfaction, trust and s...

  10. Cask storing facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present invention provides a facility suitable to keeping and storing of casks for transporting and storing spent fuels generated from power plants and radioactive wastes generated from spent fuel reprocessing plants. Namely, the casks are transported in and out by a portal crane when they are stored. The cask storage space is disposed underground and soils are used as a portion of shielding materials. Then, a portal crane gives less load on the storage building when it is used compared with a case of using an overhead traveling crane. Since the storage pits are disposed underground, the radiation released from the casks in lateral and downward directions can be shielded by the soils. If shielding lids are disposed on the upper portion of the cask storage pits, upward radiation released from the casks can be shielded. Accordingly, there is no need to ensure thickness of walls of the building and ceilings for shielding. As a result, construction cost for the building can be reduced. (I.S.)

  11. Store and forward teledermatology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanthraj Garehatty

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Store and forward and real time or videoconferences are the two types of teledermatology services practiced. Dermatology and radio-diagnosis are visual specialties suited for store-and-forward teledermatology (SAFT. Advances in information technology, electronic instruments and biotechnology have revolutionized and brought changes in SAFT. Cellular phone, digital camera, personal digital assistants, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max and computer- aided-design software are incorporated to deliver the quality health care to remote geographic regions. Complete SAFT care equivalent to face-to-face consultation (Gold standard is essential. Health care providers in rural areas are the ′eyes′ for the consultants. Consultants to guide them should have a rapid periodic audit of visual parameters and dimensions of lesions. Given this background, this article reviews advances in 1 capture, store and transfer of images. 2 Computer Aided measurements of generalized and localized lesions and 3 the integration model to meet all the above two requirements in a centralized location. This process enables diagnosis, management, periodic assessment and complete follow-up care to achieve patient and physician satisfaction. Preservation of privacy and confidentiality of digital images is important. Uniform rules and regulations are required. Indian space research organization (ISRO, Government of India has demonstrated telemedicine pilot projects utilizing the satellite communication and mobile telemedicine units to be useful in meeting the health care needs of remote and rural India. we have to join hands with them to meet dermatology problems in rural areas.

  12. Stored Luminescence Computed Tomography

    CERN Document Server

    Cong, Wenxiang; Wang, Ge

    2013-01-01

    The phosphor nanoparticles made of doped semiconductors, pre-excited by well-collimated X-ray radiation, were recently reported for their light emission upon NIR light stimulation. The characteristics of X-ray energy storage and NIR stimulated emission is highly desirable to design targeting probes and improve molecular and cellular imaging. Here we propose stored luminescence computed tomography (SLCT), perform realistic numerical simulation, and demonstrate a much-improved spatial resolution in a preclinical research context. The future opportunities are also discussed along this direction.

  13. Store manager performance and satisfaction: effects on store employee performance and satisfaction, store customer satisfaction, and store customer spending growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netemeyer, Richard G; Maxham, James G; Lichtenstein, Donald R

    2010-05-01

    Based on emotional contagion theory and the value-profit chain literatures, the present study posits a number of hypotheses that show how managers in the small store, small number of employees retail context may affect store employees, customers, and potentially store performance. With data from 306 store managers, 1,615 store customer-contact employees, and 57,656 customers of a single retail chain, the authors examined relationships among store manager job satisfaction and job performance, store customer-contact employee job satisfaction and job performance, customer satisfaction with the retailer, and a customer-spending-based store performance metric (customer spending growth over a 2-year period). Via path analysis, several hypothesized direct and interaction relations among these constructs are supported. The results suggest implications for academic researchers and retail managers. PMID:20476831

  14. Queues, stores, and tableaux

    CERN Document Server

    Draief, Moez; O'Connell, Neil

    2005-01-01

    Consider the single server queue with an infinite buffer and a FIFO discipline, either of type M/M/1 or Geom/Geom/1. Denote by A the arrival process and by s the services. Assume the stability condition to be satisfied. Denote by D the departure process in equilibrium and by r the time spent by the customers at the very back of the queue. We prove that (D,r) has the same law as (A,s) which is an extension of the classical Burke Theorem. In fact, r can be viewed as the departures from a dual storage model. This duality between the two models also appears when studying the transient behavior of a tandem by means of the RSK algorithm: the first and last row of the resulting semi-standard Young tableau are respectively the last instant of departure in the queue and the total number of departures in the store.

  15. Relationships among Store Image and Store Loyalty in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grah Miran

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Image has become one of the most important factors of stores’ survival and development. In this paper, a model of relationships among the multidimensional variables of store image, positive affect, satisfaction with the store, trust and commitment to the store is formed and tested with a sample of 209 customers in three stores in the Pomurje region of Slovenia. The important conclusion of the research is that several interrelations among store image, positive affect, satisfaction, trust and store commitment exist. The results also show significant gender differences in perceptions of store image. These results provide several important insights for managing supermarkets in the Slovenian market and are also important for future research.

  16. Electrically actuated multiple store launcher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Frank P.; Travor, Bruce W.

    1991-12-01

    This invention comprises a multi-store, electrical pulse initiated launcher that fits into, and is electrically connected with a transporting vehicle and that contains sequentially stacked assemblies. An electrical pulse from the transporting vehicle causes a resistor with the least value to transfer the electric sufficient gas pressure to force the store out of the launcher. The present invention discloses an electrically-actuated, multi-store dispenser wherein an initial electrical charge ignites gas cartridges causing sequential launching of stores from their tandem position inside a launch container. In some environments, it is desirable to dispense multiple stores from a launch vehicle, for instance sonobuoys, in dense patterns. Due to physical limitations of space in the dispensing vehicle, an effort was made to miniaturize the active components inside the store and therefore reduce the overall outer dimensions thereof. Once the size of the store was reduced, in order to meet the demands of the denser patterns, the inside of the individual launch containers were modified to allow each to hold and dispense more than one store. This new type of launch container, in addition to maintaining the size requirement dictated by the transporting vehicle, is operated by the vehicle's electrical system.

  17. Information from the central stores

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    All items sold in the CERN shop (Bldg. 33) are now available in the central stores (Bldg. 73) and can be purchased on-line via EDH “Material Request” or at the “Emergency Desk” of the stores on the ground floor of Bldg. 73. These items are visible in the CERN catalogue under the “SCEM” codes beginning with 92. Department of General Infrastructure Services (GS) GS-SEM Group

  18. TruStore: Implementing a Trusted Store for Android

    OpenAIRE

    Yury, Zhauniarovich; Olga, Gadyatskaya; Bruno, Crispo

    2013-01-01

    In the Android ecosystem, the process of verifying the integrity of downloaded apps is left to the user. Different from other systems, e.g., Apple, App Store, Google does not provide any certified vetting process for the Android apps. This choice has a lot of advantages but it is also the open door to possible attacks as the recent one shown by Bluebox. To address this issue, we present how to enable the deployment of application certification service, we called TruStores, for the Android pla...

  19. Stores, Weight and Inertial System Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This facility provides stores weight, center of gravity, and inertia measurements in support of weapon/aircraft compatibility testing. System provides store weight...

  20. Specialty Store and Multi-Brand Store loyalty: An Indian consumer perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sarabjot Singh; Piyush Kumar Sinha; Hari Govind Mishra

    2013-01-01

    In the competitive era of retailing, retailers need to understand the importance of store format preferences. The study aimed to understand consumer store loyalty; in-depth interview was conducted to examine consumer store loyalty antecedents for two retail formats: specialty stores and multi brand stores. The study conceptualizes store loyalty factors like program loyalty, trust and brand commitment. Trust and brand commitment act as mediating factors between store image and store loyalty f...

  1. Salient store image attributes in consumer store selection decisions and the relationship with store satisfaction and loyalty

    OpenAIRE

    M. Dhurup; A Oosthuyzen

    2010-01-01

    The study examines salient image attributes in consumer store selection and subsequently tests the relationship with store satisfaction and store loyalty. A structured questionnaire containing 32 variables relating to store image attributes was administered to two hundred and forty seven hypermarket shoppers. The use of exploratory factor analysis resulted in six store image attributes, namely, employee interaction, atmospherics, merchandise variety, facilities, value for money and convenienc...

  2. Apparatus for storing hydrogen isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An improved method and apparatus for storing isotopes of hydrogen (especially tritium) are provided. The hydrogen gas(es) is (are) stored as hydrides of material (for example uranium) within boreholes in a block of copper. The mass of the block is critically important to the operation, as is the selection of copper, because no cooling pipes are used. Because no cooling pipes are used, there can be no failure due to cooling pipes. And because copper is used instead of stainless steel, a significantly higher temperature can be reached before the eutectic formation of uranium with copper occurs, (the eutectic of uranium with the iron in stainless steel forming at a significantly lower temperature)

  3. StORe Business Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Ken

    2006-01-01

    The StORe project is multidisciplinary in scope, embracing the seven scientific domains of archaeology, astronomy, biochemistry, biosciences, chemistry, physics and the social sciences (originally described in the project plan as social policy and political science). The business analysis will formulate general principles for middleware development to link source and output repositories irrespective of discipline, but also outline domain-specific requirements. Consequent to thi...

  4. Stored waveform adaptive motor control

    OpenAIRE

    Beall, Jeffery C.

    1986-01-01

    This study investigates an adaptive control scheme designed to maintain accurate motor speed control in spite of high-frequency periodic variations in load torque, load inertia, and motor parameters. The controller adapts, stores and replays a schedule of torques to be delivered at discrete points throughout the periodic load cycle. The controller also adapts to non-periodic changes in load conditions which occur over several load cycles and contains inherent integrator control action to ...

  5. Specialty Store and Multi-Brand Store loyalty: An Indian consumer perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarabjot Singh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the competitive era of retailing, retailers need to understand the importance of store format preferences. The study aimed to understand consumer store loyalty; in-depth interview was conducted to examine consumer store loyalty antecedents for two retail formats: specialty stores and multi brand stores. The study conceptualizes store loyalty factors like program loyalty, trust and brand commitment. Trust and brand commitment act as mediating factors between store image and store loyalty formats, and also between brand image and store loyalty formats. The findings highlight how consumer store loyalty preference differ for these two formats.

  6. The impact of store atmospherics and store layout on customer behavior in a hardware store retail setting : case: do-it-yourself store

    OpenAIRE

    Skottman, Timo

    2015-01-01

    Comprehensive apprehension of retail establishment’s atmosphere’s effects on its cus-tomers’ overall perceptions of the store and thus purchasing behavior is an essential goal for any retailer, yet the previous marketing literature has converged on understanding the shopping environments of mostly malls, grocery stores, furniture stores and clothing stores. A window was left open for construing a wholly different shopping environment; DIY (do-it-yourself)/ hardware/ home improvement store. ...

  7. An investigation of Consumer Specialty Store and Multi-Brand Store loyalty

    OpenAIRE

    Sarabjot Singh; PiyushKumar Sinha; Hari Govind Mishra

    2013-01-01

    In the competitive era of retailing, retailers need to understand the importance of store format preferences. The study aimed to understand consumer store loyalty, in-depth interview is conducted to examine consumer store loyalty antecedents for two retail formats: specialty stores and multi brand stores. The study conceptualizes store loyalty factors like program loyalty, trust and brand commitment. Trust and brand commitment act as a mediating factors between storeimage and store loyalt...

  8. An investigation of Consumer Specialty Store and Multi-Brand Store loyalty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarabjot Singh

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the competitive era of retailing, retailers need to understand the importance of store format preferences. The study aimed to understand consumer store loyalty, in-depth interview is conducted to examine consumer store loyalty antecedents for two retail formats: specialty stores and multi brand stores. The study conceptualizes store loyalty factors like program loyalty, trust and brand commitment. Trust and brand commitment act as a mediating factors between storeimage and store loyalty formats, and also between brand image and store loyalty formats. The findings highlight how consumer store loyalty preference changes for these two formats.

  9. A Dual Function Energy Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Tolmie

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Heat can be collected from local energy sources and concentrated into a relatively small volume, and at a useful working temperature, by using a heat pump as the concentrator. That heat can be stored and utilized at a later date for applications like space heating. The process is doing two things at the same time: storing heat and shifting the power demand. The concentration step can be done at night when there is normally a surplus of power and its timing can be directly controlled by the power grid operator to ensure that the power consumption occurs only when adequate power is available. The sources of heat can be the summer air, the heat extracted from buildings by their cooling systems, natural heat from the ground or solar heat, all of which are free, abundant and readily accessible. Such systems can meet the thermal needs of buildings while at the same time stabilizing the grid power demand, thus reducing the need for using fossil-fuelled peaking power generators. The heat pump maintains the temperature of the periphery at the ambient ground temperature so very little energy is lost during storage.

  10. Infant Formula - Buying, Preparing, Storing, and Feeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000806.htm Infant Formula – Buying, Preparing, Storing, and Feeding To use the ... using infant formula . Buying, Preparing, and Storing Infant Formula The following tips can help you buy, prepare, ...

  11. The simple persistent unique digital store (SPUDS)

    OpenAIRE

    Gibson, Hilton

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces the concept of the simple persistent unique digital store which is an attempt to provide a means of digital object storage that will survive one hundred years into the future using open standards , technologies and formats. In addition it will attempt to make the digital object store independent of the software used to ingest, store, manage and disseminate the objects. Doing this greatly eliminates the risk of the present interdependence of the digital object store with ...

  12. In-Store Media and Channel Management

    OpenAIRE

    Anthony Dukes; Yunchuan Liu

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we study the interesting and complicated effects of retailer in-store media on distribution channel relationships. With the help of advanced technology, retailers can open in-store media in their stores and allow manufacturers to advertise through the instore media. We show that opening in-store media is a strategic decision for a retailer, and a retailer may strategically subsidize manufacturers on their advertising through instore media to better coordinate the channel. Even ...

  13. EVALUATING FACTORS INFLUENCING GROCERY STORE CHOICE

    OpenAIRE

    Palma, Marco A.; Emerson, Robert D.; House, Lisa

    2003-01-01

    This paper analyzes consumer preferences toward grocery store choices given a set of attributes of stores. This information will then be used to make inferences on how the opening of a Wal-Mart supercenter would affect the other grocery stores in a small city.

  14. Radioactive solid waste storing structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hulls as radioactive solid wastes generated by reprocessing of spent fuels in nuclear facilities are pressed to form circular compressed materials. A pedestal having ventilation holes for communicating the center and the side surfaces of the storage vessel in which the compression materials are sealed and contained while being stacked is disposed to the bottom of the storage vessel. Springs are disposed to the inner circumference of the storage vessel for urging the side surfaces of the compressed materials contained while being stacked on the pedestal. With such a constitution, cooling performance can be improved by spontaneous circulation of the air and sealed gases in the storage vessel thereby enabling to store the storage vessels at a higher density. In addition, since the compressed materials are urged by the disposed springs, rattling of the compression materials can be eliminated, and they can be transported or transferred stably, and since uniform gaps can be formed on the circumference of the compression bodies, they can be cooled uniformly. (T.M.)

  15. Slow, stopped and stored light

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Light that can been slowed to walking pace could have applications in telecommunications, optical storage and quantum computing. Whether we use it to estimate how far away a thunderstorm is, or simply take it for granted that we can have a conversation with someone on the other side of the world, we all know that light travels extremely fast. Indeed, special relativity teaches us that nothing in the universe can ever move faster than the speed of light in a vacuum: 299 792 458 ms-1. However, there is no such limitation on how slowly light can travel. For the last few years, researchers have been routinely slowing light to just a few metres per second, and have recently even stopped it dead in its tracks so that it can be stored for future use. Slow-light has considerable popular appeal, deriving perhaps from the importance of the speed of light in relativity and cosmology. If everyday objects such as cars or people can travel faster than 'slow' light, for example, then it might appear that relativistic effects could be observed at very low speeds. Although this is not the case, slow light nonetheless promises to play an important role in optical technology because it allows light to be delayed for any period of time desired. This could lead to all-optical routers that would increase the bandwidth of the Internet, and applications in optical data storage, quantum information and even radar. (U.K.)

  16. Mechanism of store-operated calcium entry

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Devkanya Dutta

    2000-12-01

    Activation of receptors coupled to the phospholipase C/IP3 signalling pathway results in a rapid release of calcium from its intracellular stores, eventually leading to depletion of these stores. Calcium store depletion triggers an influx of extracellular calcium across the plasma membrane, a mechanism known as the store-operated calcium entry or capacitative calcium entry. Capacitative calcium current plays a key role in replenishing calcium stores and activating various physiological processes. Despite considerable efforts, very little is known about the molecular nature of the capacitative channel and the signalling pathway that activates it. This review summarizes our current knowledge about store operated calcium entry and suggests possible hypotheses for its mode of activation.

  17. Maintaining Stored Procedures in Database Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Kakade

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Stored procedure and triggers have an irreplaceable importance in any database application, as they provide a powerful way to code application logic that can be stored on the server and execute according to the need of application. Writing stored procedures for database application involves set of sql statements with an assigned name that's stored in the database in compiled form so that it can be shared by a number of programs. The use of stored procedures can be helpful in controlling access to data end-users may enter or change data but do not write procedures, preserving data integrity and improving productivity statements in a stored procedure only need to be written one time

  18. Who Benefits from Store Brand Entry?

    OpenAIRE

    Koen Pauwels; Shuba Srinivasan

    2004-01-01

    Store brand entry has become a key issue in marketing as it may structurally change the performance of and the interactions among all market players. Based on their multivariate time-series analysis, the authors demonstrate permanent performance effects of store brand entry, typically benefiting the retailer, the consumers, and premium-brand manufacturers, while harming second-tier brand manufacturers. For the , they consistently find two of store brand entry: . This increase in unit margins ...

  19. Gebruikersdata bij abonnementen in app stores

    OpenAIRE

    Roosendaal, A.P.C.; Nieuwenhuis, O.A.

    2013-01-01

    Kranten en tijdschriften bieden tegenwoordig vaak, naast de papieren edities, digitale abonnementen aan. De content wordt in dat geval via een app gelezen op een mobiele device, zoals een smartphone of tablet. Om abonnementen in deze vorm aan te kunnen bieden is het bouwen van een app noodzakelijk. Deze app wordt vervolgens aangeboden in een app store, zoals Google Play of de Apple app store. De app store provider ontvangt een percentage van de verkoopprijs van het abonnement als vergoeding v...

  20. Hippocampal specialization of food-storing birds.

    OpenAIRE

    Krebs, J R; Sherry, D F; Healy, S D; Perry, V.H.; Vaccarino, A L

    1989-01-01

    In a study of 52 individuals belonging to 35 species or subspecies of passerine birds it was shown that the volume of the hippocampal complex relative to brain and body size is significantly larger in species that store food than in species that do not. Retrieval of stored food relies on an accurate and long-lasting spatial memory, and hippocampal damage disrupts memory for storage sites. The results suggest, therefore, that food-storing species of passerines have an enlarged hippocampal comp...

  1. Gauging triple stores with actual biological data

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Background: Semantic Web technologies have been developed to overcome the limitations of the current Web and conventional data integration solutions. The Semantic Web is expected to link all the data present on the Internet instead of linking just documents. One of the foundations of the Semantic Web technologies is the knowledge representation language Resource Description Framework (RDF). Knowledge expressed in RDF is typically stored in so-called triple stores (also known as RDF stores), f...

  2. Insect pests of stored grain products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presence of insects in stored products is a worldwide recognized problem. In this report chemical and physical methods to control insect infestations in stored products are discussed. Special attention is given to the use of ionizing radiation to control insect pests in stored grains. The radiosensitivity of the most common insect pests at their different developmental stages is presented and discussed. The conclusions of this review are compiled in an executive summary. 62 refs

  3. Patterns of brand and store choice

    OpenAIRE

    Lamb, T.J.

    1989-01-01

    The sublects of brand choice and store choice have been widely studied, but these two aspects of consumer behaviour have tended to be treated in isolation from each other. This thesis therefore provides a detailed examination of the way in which brand choice and store choice patterns compare and interact. The results are based on AGB consumer panel data, and relate to three frequently-bought grocery products. Despite the multiplicity of factors believed to influence brand and store choice, at...

  4. Advanced services in the web store design

    OpenAIRE

    Papež, Lovro

    2013-01-01

    The thesis describes a web store built with web technologies (HTML, CSS, JavaScript and PHP) and is adjusted to many various devices, such as desktop computers, laptops, tablet computers and mobile phones. The web store development and functionalities are presented in two ways, administration and the user aspect. In addition to all of the standard web store elements, such as product showcase, shopping cart and purchase, it also includes some advanced functionalities. Faster and more useful se...

  5. Customers' willingness to purchase new store brands

    OpenAIRE

    Zielke, Stephan; Dobbelstein, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify factors influencing customers’ willingness to purchase new store brands. Design/methodology/approach – The paper develops a 3 £ 3 design to investigate the impact of price and quality positioning on the willingness to purchase new store brands in five product groups. A total of 990 respondents completed a questionnaire about store brand perception, aspects of purchasing behavior and willingness to buy. Data are analyzed with analysis...

  6. Mass Retailers' Advertising Strategies Against Commodity Stores.

    OpenAIRE

    Fabian Bergès; Sylvette Monier-Dilhan

    2013-01-01

    A retailer has different opportunities to advertise in the media: emphasizing the store image or promoting specifically its private label (PL). In the first option, advertising benefits all products sold, whereas in the alternative, only store brands are concerned by image improvement. We analyze the retailer's advertising campaign strategies when its competitor's format is a small commodity store. PL quality is endogenous and chosen according to the competitor's product range. We show the re...

  7. Business intelligence in-Store Media

    OpenAIRE

    Almiñana Pablo, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Aquest treball és un projecte d'ampliació d'un projecte de business intelligence ja disponible en la empresa in-Store Media. Este trabajo es un proyecto de ampliación de un proyecto de business intelligence ya disponible en la empresa in-Store Media. This work is an extension project of a BI project available on the company inStore Media.

  8. How the Measurement of Store Choice Behaviour Moderates the Relationship between Distance and Store Choice Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Torben; Cumberland, Flemming; Solgaard, Hans Stubbe

    2013-01-01

    The influence of distance on consumer store choice behaviour has been considered in many studies. In that respect, frequency and budget share are frequently used methods of measurement to determine the consumer's store choice behavour. In this study, we propose that the significance of distance is...... influenced by the way in which store choice behaviour is conceptualized. A survey among 631 consuemrs was performed in order to examine the research proposition. Structural equation results suggest that the negative effect of distance on store choice behaviour is larger when store choice behaviour is...... measured as number of visits to a particular store than wehen store cjoice behaviour is measured as the percentage of budget spend at a particular store. Our results indicate that researchers should carefully consider the measurement of store choice behaviour when carrying out empirical research invlving...

  9. Capturing and storing CO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A promising way to combat global warming is to capture CO2 produced by industry and bury it in deep geologic formations. The processes are technically complex and still expensive. Before it can be captured, CO2 must be separated from other components produced by industrial processes that burn oil, gas, coal or biomass, such as nitrogen and sulfur. The CO2 is then piped down vertically from the storage facility and injected at depths of at least 800 meters. There, it reaches a 'supercritical' state in which it becomes denser and less voluminous. Three types of underground reservoirs have been tested so far: 1 - Deep onshore or offshore saline aquifers: These brackish water-bearing layers constitute the biggest reservoir, with 10,000 billion metric tons of storage capacity. They are also the most evenly distributed geographically, making it easier to find one near the source of emission. 2 - Depleted oil and gas reservoirs: injecting pressurized CO2 helps to dissolve remaining oil and reduce its viscosity. This facilitates the enhanced recovery of oil or gas from nearly depleted reservoirs, adding a potential economic advantage to the operation. The disadvantage of these reservoirs is their distance from CO2-emitting industrial sites. 3 - Unexploited coal seams: the CO2 replaces the methane that is naturally present in the coal bed. The methane can be extracted and marketed by gas companies. There are two additional solutions. The first involves storing the CO2 in carbon 'lakes' in the ocean at a minimum depth of 1,500 meters, but this has been rejected due to concerns about the impacts on the marine ecosystem and how long the CO2 would be contained. The second solution, carbon sequestration by mineral carbonation, is of more interest. Here, CO2 reacts with naturally occurring subsurface calcium and magnesium to become a carbonated rock similar to limestone, which is insoluble and therefore perfectly stable over the long term. The entire CO2 capture, compression

  10. Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range of in-store environmental factors concurrently is limited. Purpose To develop a summary score of ‘healthfulness’ composed of nine in-store factors that influence food shopping behaviour, and to assess this score by store type and neighbourhood deprivation. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 601 retail food stores, including supermarkets, grocery stores and convenience stores, was completed in Hampshire, United Kingdom between July 2010 and June 2011. The survey measured nine variables (variety, price, quality, promotions, shelf placement, store placement, nutrition information, healthier alternatives and single fruit sale) to assess the healthfulness of retail food stores on seven healthy and five less healthy foods that are markers of diet quality. Four steps were completed to create nine individual variable scores and another three to create an overall score of healthfulness for each store. Results Analysis of variance showed strong evidence of a difference in overall healthfulness by store type (p retail food stores. This composite score could be useful in future research to measure the relationship between main food store and quality of diet, and to evaluate the effects of multi-component food environment interventions. PMID:24884529

  11. Building Store Satisfaction Centred on Customer Retention in Clothing Retailing: Store Design and Ease of Shopping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulden Turhan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The study’s research model suggests that store design and ease of shopping are associated with customer retention through a mediated pathway in which store design and ease of shopping influence perceived store satisfaction, which in turn, influences customer retention. This survey was administered to two separate clothing stores offered to either females or males (in total, 533 participants. Using structural equation modelling methodology, data was analysed to explain the interrelations among the variables in the model. The results of an empirical study of a sample of store shoppers revealed that store design and ease of shopping influence customer retention in an indirect way through customer perception of satisfaction with the store. In building store satisfaction that is centred on customer retention, store design and shopping ease differ in their relative influences. This difference is high for females, but for men as low as to be considered negligible in males. As a result, improving customers’ perceptions of store design and ease of shopping is a way to ensure store satisfaction support customer retention. The results of the study provide a new insight into the relationships by suggesting indirect effects of shopping ease and store design on consumer retention by their impacts on store satisfaction, rather than direct effects.

  12. Building Store Satisfaction Centred on Customer Retention in Clothing Retailing: Store Design and Ease of Shopping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulden Turhan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study’s research model suggests that store design and ease of shopping are associated with customer retention through a mediated pathway in which store design and ease of shopping influence perceived store satisfaction, which in turn, influences customer retention. This survey was administered to two separate clothing stores offered to either females or males (in total, 533 participants. Using structural equation modelling methodology, data was analysed to explain the interrelations among the variables in the model. The results of an empirical study of a sample of store shoppers revealed that store design and ease of shopping influence customer retention in an indirect way through customer perception of satisfaction with the store. In building store satisfaction that is centred on customer retention, store design and shopping ease differ in their relative influences. This difference is high for females, but for men as low as to be considered negligible in males. As a result, improving customers’ perceptions of store design and ease of shopping is a way to ensure store satisfaction support customer retention. The results of the study provide a new insight into the relationships by suggesting indirect effects of shopping ease and store design on consumer retention by their impacts on store satisfaction, rather than direct effects.

  13. Nudging consumer behaviour in retail stores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adam, Abdulfatah

    2016-01-01

    -effectiveness of alternative interventions in retail store settings. In cooperation with a supermarket chain in Denmark, we manipulated food locations inside the store so that relatively low energy dense products were placed favorable shelf locations. The underlying theory for the experiment was the behavioral...

  14. Storing Peanuts in Flexible Hermetically Sealed Containers

    Science.gov (United States)

    In-shell peanuts stored in large bulk warehouses lose approximately 1.5-2% of their value. However, peanuts stored as long as nine months may lose as much as 5% of their value due to excessive moisture loss, a reduction of peanut kernel size and damage due to insects or microbial growth. Research h...

  15. The WebContent XML Store

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Benjamin; Zoupanos, Spyros

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we describe the XML storage system used in the WebContent project. We begin by advocating the use of an XML database in order to store WebContent documents, and we present two different ways of storing and querying these documents : the use of a centralized XML database and the use of a P2P XML database.

  16. ProvStore: a public provenance repository

    OpenAIRE

    Huynh, Trung Dong; Moreau, Luc

    2014-01-01

    ProvStore is the first online public provenance repository supporting the new PROV standards by W3C. It allows users and applications to store and (optionally) publish the provenance of their data on the Web. Provenance documents can be transformed, visualized, and shared in various serializations, with all the functionality also available to automated applications via a RESTful API (OAuth supported).

  17. Propagating separable equalities in an MDD store

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hadzic, Tarik; Hooker, John N.; Tiedemann, Peter

    2008-01-01

    We present a propagator that achieves MDD consistency for a separable equality over an MDD (multivalued decision diagram) store in pseudo-polynomial time. We integrate the propagator into a constraint solver based on an MDD store introduced in [1]. Our experiments show that the new propagator...

  18. Consumers' store choice behavior for fresh food

    OpenAIRE

    Meulenberg, M.T.G.; Trijp, van, J.C.M.

    1991-01-01

    Consumers' preference for fresh food stores is analyzed. In particular the choice between supermarkets and specialized shops for purchasing fresh food is analyzed. Attention is given to the factors influencing this choice. For this purpose a number of research questions with respect to store choice for fresh foods have been formulated and empirically tested

  19. Retail brand architecture and consumer store loyalty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

      During the last decades the fight between manufacturer brands and retailer brands has intensified. While there seems to be several immediate benefits for a retailer to increase the number of own private labels, the impact on future store image and loyalty should also be considered.  Our aim is to...... investigate the relationship between consumers perceived retail brand architecture, their store satisfaction and loyalty. Furthermore we use perceived store image as a mediating factor in our framework. In total 772 Danish households participated in a telephone interview and returned questionnaires by mail....... The major contribution of this research is to conceptualise and empirically investigate the role of brand architecture for perceived store image, store satisfaction and loyalty....

  20. Benchmarking triple stores with biological data

    CERN Document Server

    Mironov, Vladimir; Blonde, Ward; Antezana, Erick; Lindi, Bjorn; Kuiper, Martin

    2010-01-01

    We have compared the performance of five non-commercial triple stores, Virtuoso-open source, Jena SDB, Jena TDB, SWIFT-OWLIM and 4Store. We examined three performance aspects: the query execution time, scalability and run-to-run reproducibility. The queries we chose addressed different ontological or biological topics, and we obtained evidence that individual store performance was quite query specific. We identified three groups of queries displaying similar behavior across the different stores: 1) relatively short response time, 2) moderate response time and 3) relatively long response time. OWLIM proved to be a winner in the first group, 4Store in the second and Virtuoso in the third. Our benchmarking showed Virtuoso to be a very balanced performer - its response time was better than average for all the 24 queries; it showed a very good scalability and a reasonable run-to-run reproducibility.

  1. Building Store Satisfaction Centred on Customer Retention in Clothing Retailing: Store Design and Ease of Shopping

    OpenAIRE

    Gulden Turhan

    2016-01-01

    The study’s research model suggests that store design and ease of shopping are associated with customer retention through a mediated pathway in which store design and ease of shopping influence perceived store satisfaction, which in turn, influences customer retention. This survey was administered to two separate clothing stores offered to either females or males (in total, 533 participants). Using structural equation modelling methodology, data was analysed to explain the interrelations amon...

  2. Entrance Effects in Solar Hot Water Stores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shah, Louise Jivan; Furbo, Simon

    2003-01-01

    the inlet design on the flow patterns in the tank and thus how the energy quality in a hot water tank is reduced with a poor inlet design. The numerical investigations were followed by experiments. A test solar store, similar to the store investigated by numerical modelling was constructed with......A theoretical and experimental analysis of water jets entering a solar storage tank is performed. CFD calculations of three inlet designs with different inlet flow rates were carried out to illustrate the varying behaviour of the thermal conditions in a solar store. The results showed the impact of...

  3. Human Resources Operational Data Store Core Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This database contains only a very small subset of the Human Resources Operational Data Store data. It supports the SSA Employee and Office Data Retrieval (SEODR)...

  4. Grocery Stores, Published in 2009, Trempealeau County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Grocery Stores dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2009. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM coordinate...

  5. Coordination mechanisms in the store opening process

    OpenAIRE

    Sandberg, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – For many retailers organic growth through the opening of new stores is a crucial cornerstone of the business model. The purpose of this paper is to explore the store opening process conducted by retail companies. The research questions cover: first, the role and organisation of the establishment function in charge of the process; second, the activities and functions involved in the process; and third, the coordination mechanisms applied during the process. Design/methodology/approac...

  6. The Handling of Data Stored in Databases

    OpenAIRE

    Marius-Cristian Apetrei; Bogdanel Marian Dragut; Dominic Perez-Danielescu

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims at describing some techniques for manipulating data stored in databases. At first, it is important to describe the main features of a network, their classification, the client - server concept, and the data manipulation language. The paper is divided into two parts: the first part deals with the ADO.NET object, and its characteristics, and the second part deals with seeking the methods for handling data stored in the database.

  7. Why Store Brand Penetration Varies by Retailer

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay K. Dhar; Stephen J. Hoch

    1997-01-01

    Our objective in this paper is to explain across-retailer variation in private label performance. Although retailers have lots to gain by better understanding the determinants of successful store brand programs, this knowledge also is very valuable to manufacturers. Lessons learned from competing with other national brands may not transfer one-to-one to the store brand case because, quite simply, a popular private label program changes the status of the retailer from being solely a customer t...

  8. Intelligent Unmanned Store Service Robot "Part Timer"

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Ho Seok; Sa, In-Kyu; Baek, Young Min; Choi, Jin Young

    2008-01-01

    Part Timer is unmanned store service robot and it has lots of intelligent functions; navigation, grabbing objects, gesture, communication with humans, recognizing face, object and character, surfing the internet, receiving calls, etc. It has a modular system architecture which uses intelligent macro core module for easy composition of whole robot. It offers remote management system for humans who are outside of the store. We have participated in many intelligent robot competitions and exhibit...

  9. Modern Stored-Product Insect Pest Management

    OpenAIRE

    Hagstrum David William; Flinn Paul Whitney

    2014-01-01

    Stored-product entomologists have a variety of new monitoring, decision-making, biological, chemical, and physical pest management tools available to them. Two types of stored-product insect populations are of interest: insects of immediate economic importance infesting commodities, and insects that live in food residues in equipment and facilities. The sampling and control methods change as grain and grain products move from field to consumer. There are also some changes in the major insect ...

  10. The Key Points of Building an Online Store

    OpenAIRE

    Etuaro, Mari

    2014-01-01

    Online shopping is becoming more popular in Finland and online shopping sales levels have increased. There has been concern that brick and mortar stores are losing their customers to online stores and that Finnish stores are losing their customers to international online stores. One solution to this concern is that Finnish brick and mortar stores also start selling online. But how to build online stores? The aim of this thesis was to study about building an online store based on theory and...

  11. The influence of store image on customer satisfaction: a case study of a shoe store

    OpenAIRE

    Tarsis Souza Silva; Janaina de Moura Engracia Giraldi

    2010-01-01

    Knowledge of customers’ image of a store is an essential factor in the management of retail outlets. This article presents a case study of the effect of the image customers have of a shoe store on their satisfaction, based on a descriptive and quantitative survey, with the application of a structured questionnaire. We then employed factor analysis to obtain seven store image factors: assortment, convenience, reputation, price, atmosphere, layout and service. The results show that the factor...

  12. Measuring the healthfulness of food retail stores: variations by store type and neighbourhood deprivation.

    OpenAIRE

    Black, C.; Ntani, G; Inskip, H.; Cooper, C.; Cummins, S; Moon, G; Baird, J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND The consumer nutrition environment has been conceptualised as in-store environmental factors that influence food shopping habits. More healthful in-store environments could be characterised as those which promote healthful food choices such as selling good quality healthy foods or placing them in prominent locations to prompt purchasing. Research measuring the full-range of in-store environmental factors concurrently is limited. PURPOSE To develop a summary score of 'healthful...

  13. Store design : A comparison between luxurious and normal/regular fashion stores

    OpenAIRE

    Alazzawi, Jinan Riadh; Farcuta, Loredana Alexandrina

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to do a comparison between luxurious fashion stores and normal/regular ones, describe the differences in terms of the store design and discuss the influences and their impact on the customer experience. The second purpose is to give suggestions to normal/regular fashion stores from Sweden regarding improvements that they might need to enhance the customer’s shopping experience. In order to complete this study, both primary and secondary data were collected. Primar...

  14. Consumers' quality perception of national branded, national store branded, and imported store branded beef

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banovic, Marija; Grunert, Klaus G.; Barreira, Maria Madalena;

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the differences in the consumers' quality perception of national branded, national store branded, and imported store branded beef. Partial Least Squares analysis is used for modelling the quality perception process. Results show that consumers perceived national branded...... Carnalentejana beef, as better on all quality cues and quality aspects than the other two store branded beefs. Preference for Carnalentejana beef stayed highly consistent even after the blind test, where consumers differentiated this beef from the other two beef brands on all sensory dimensions: taste......, tenderness, and juiciness, and chose it as the preferred one. Consumers utilized more perceived intrinsic cues to infer expected eating quality of store branded beefs....

  15. Lightweight Tanks for Storing Liquefied Natural Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLay, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Single-walled, jacketed aluminum tanks have been conceived for storing liquefied natural gas (LNG) in LNG-fueled motor vehicles. Heretofore, doublewall steel tanks with vacuum between the inner and outer walls have been used for storing LNG. In comparison with the vacuum- insulated steel tanks, the jacketed aluminum tanks weigh less and can be manufactured at lower cost. Costs of using the jacketed aluminum tanks are further reduced in that there is no need for the vacuum pumps heretofore needed to maintain vacuum in the vacuum-insulated tanks.

  16. Influence of Retail Store Design on the Performance of Retail Store Managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Olimpia SUSANU

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of retail store design on the performance and job satisfaction of retail store managers. A structural equations model is tested with 200 managers of a large supermarket chain. Moderating effects of crowding and perceived control on design satisfaction are examined. Managerial implications for strategy and theoretical contributions are discussed.

  17. Influence of Retail Store Design on the Performance of Retail Store Managers

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Olimpia SUSANU; Nicoleta CRISTACHE; Adrian MICU

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of retail store design on the performance and job satisfaction of retail store managers. A structural equations model is tested with 200 managers of a large supermarket chain. Moderating effects of crowding and perceived control on design satisfaction are examined. Managerial implications for strategy and theoretical contributions are discussed.

  18. Store Manager Incentive Design and Retail Performance: An Exploratory Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole DeHoratius; Ananth Raman

    2007-01-01

    Store managers perform multiple tasks within a store, and the way in which they are evaluated and rewarded for these tasks affects their behavior. Using empirical data from multiple stores of a consumer electronics retailer, Tweeter Home Entertainment Group, we highlight the extent to which store manager incentive design impacts store manager behavior and, consequently, retail performance. More specifically, we describe the shift in store manager behavior resulting from a change in incentives...

  19. The influence of store image on customer satisfaction: a case study of a shoe store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarsis Souza Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of customers' image of a store is an essential factor in the management of retail outlets. This article presents a case study of the effect of the image customers have of a shoe store on their satisfaction, based on a descriptive and quantitative survey, with the application of a structured questionnaire. We then employed factor analysis to obtain seven store image factors: assortment, convenience, reputation, price, atmosphere, layout and service. The results show that the factor that most affects customer satisfaction in the store studied is service, and that atmosphere and layout have no effect in this respect. The results provide a better understanding of the role store image plays in customer satisfaction and loyalty.

  20. Reconstruction of Nansan Oil Store Accomplished

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On June 15th 2005, Russian crude oil unloading reconstruction project of Nansan oil store, which has drawn much attention of the state, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) and Daqing Oilfield, was successfully accomplished and put into operation, marking the start of large scale import of Russian crude and opening up a new era for Daqing Oilfield to involve in foreign crude trade.

  1. Walmart Experimental Store Performance Stories: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deru, M.; Kozubal, E.; Norton, P.

    2010-08-01

    Walmart opened two experimental stores--one in Colorado and one in Texas--in 2005 to serve as test beds for several advanced building systems. Each embodied more than 50 experiments covering materials, water systems, energy systems, and renewable energy production. Walmart worked for three years with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the Colorado Store and Oak Ridge National Laboratory for the Texas store to monitor, analyze, and report on their performance. HVAC experiments included waste oil boilers, a microturbine/absorption chiller combined heat and power system, evaporative cooling, and a transpired solar collector. The refrigeration systems integrated a medium-temperature secondary loop, evaporatively cooled condenser, doors on medium-temperature cases, and light-emitting diodes on cases. Experiments in the lighting systems included a redesigned roof for clerestory daylighting and T-5 fluorescent lamps. Three photovoltaic systems for a total of 135 kW and a 50-kW wind turbine are also included. The energy system performance was compared to the measured performance of a prototypical Walmart store and to other benchmarks.

  2. PERSONALITY INFLUENCES ON ONLINE STORES CUSTOMERS BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costinel DOBRE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Online customer behaviors include a wide range of processes and activities related to sensory reactions, perceptions, attitude formation, preferences, decisions, satisfaction evaluation, and loyalty formation. Online customer behaviors are influenced by exogenous and endogenous factors. Exogenous factors include attributes associated with the online retailer and the consumer’s environmental influences. Endogenous factors include characteristics attributed to consumers. Of these, personality has major influences on customer behavior in the online stores. In this paper we highlight the influences of personality on important decision making variables linked to the customer’s online visiting, buying and post purchase process. Thus, we intend to point out the influences of personality on the criteria used in evaluating stores, on expectations customers form towards stores, on the perception of store performance and the assessment of satisfaction. This will involve carrying out a survey, and its administration will be performed on the Internet. The sample under research will comprise respondents who own an account on the social network Facebook, assuming these respondents have time and are more likely to have purchased online at least once. The results of this study are useful both for academic researchers and practitioners engaged in online marketing, online communication and web design.

  3. TO ALL USERS OF GAS FROM STORES

    CERN Multimedia

    SPL Division

    2002-01-01

    Users of gas from stores are requested to return empty gas containers (cylinders, etc.) as soon as possible after use. These containers belong to the supplier and are therefore subject to a hire charge. Gas users are invited to place the empty containers at the official delivery points, where they will be collected by the supplier. Thank you. SPL Division Logistics Group

  4. Protecting Stored Data on Android Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Raluca Alina Cojocaru

    2014-01-01

    According to the latest statistics, the Android has become the world’s most popular operating system used for smartphones. Not only its popularity continues to increase, but also the number of malicious hackers who want to compromise mobile applications for their own gain. This paper reviews the protections offered by the Android Platform for storing application data, and provides means to enforce them.

  5. Developing Insurance Protection for Stored Grain

    OpenAIRE

    Dowell, Jesse

    2006-01-01

    At least 30 states have some type of grain insurance fund to protect the owners of stored grain against bankruptcies. This article provides some historical perspective on how the legislation originated and how it still provides protection for those who contract storage in licensed facilities in those states with insurance funds.

  6. Máj/Tesco/My department store

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Platovská, Marie

    [Řevnice]: Arbor vitae, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 114-117 ISBN 978-80-87164-87-7 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : SIAL * department store * high tec´s architecture Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  7. The Changing Face of the College Store

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halligan, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Increased competition from Internet merchants, coupled with the swelling popularity of electronic books and skyrocketing textbook prices, is forcing the nation's college stores to get creative, find new ways to boost revenues, and drive sales of books and other merchandise to students and faculty. To make up for lost revenue as a result of…

  8. Understanding Consumers' In-store Visual Perception

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clement, Jesper; Kristensen, Tore; Grønhaug, Kjell

    2013-01-01

    It is widely accepted that the human brain has limited capacity for perceptual stimuli and consumers'' visual attention, when searching for a particular product or brand in a grocery store, should then be limited by the boundaries of their own perceptual capacity. In this exploratory study, we ex...

  9. 3store: Efficient Bulk RDF Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Harris, Stephen; Gibbins, Nicholas

    2003-01-01

    The development and deployment of practical Semantic Web applications requires technologies for the storage and retrieval of RDF data that are robust and scalable. In this paper, we describe the 3store RDF storage and query engine developed within the Advanced Knowledge Technologies project, and discuss the design rationale and optimisations behind it which enable the efficient handling of large RDF knowledge bases.

  10. Licensing procedure for interim stores in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The coalition agreement of October 1998 signed by the parties in government contains a provision about the treatment of spent fuel elements from nuclear power plants which, in principle, seeks to avoid transports and terminate, which would also end transports to France and the UK, by July 1, 2005. After that date, all fuel elements arising are to be managed by direct disposal. Pending the start of operation of a suitable repository, this concept requires safekeeping of spent fuel elements in appropriate storage facilities. The consensus agreement between the federal government and the power utilities contains this approach with the goal of building on-site storage facilities. The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS), as the competent supervisory authority under Sec. 6 of the Atomic Energy Act, has received licensing applications for temporary and on-site stores, respectively, as decentralized interim stores for all nuclear power plant sites in Germany (with the exception of Muelheim-Kaerlich, for which special regulations exist). Three technical concepts, namely two variants of a hall structure, a tunnel concept for Neckarwestheim, and a temporary store, must be examined by BfS in a licensing procedure including as its main steps public participation, examination of the preconditions for a permit, and drafting of the licensing decision. In addition, on-site stores require that an environmental impact assessment be carried out. Proceedings are conducted at BfS largely in parallel and speedily by a project group set up. BfS intends to finish all steps involving public participation still this year. When all preconditions have been met for licensing decisions to be granted, and with an assumed construction period of two years, on-site interim stores ought to be available from 2005 on. (orig.)

  11. The Short-Term Effect of Store-Level Promotions on Store Choice and the Moderating Role of Individual Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Volle, Pierre

    2001-01-01

    The short-term effect of store-level promotions (weekly flyers, radio and outdoor advertising) on grocery store choice is investigated. We estimate household-level multinomial logit models of store choice on panel data, using promotional variables, loyalty and psychographic moderating variables. The research shows that the short-term effect of store-level promotions on store choice is significant but weak: store choice is mainly driven by loyalty. While we fail to demonstrate the moderating r...

  12. The Short-Term Effect of Store-Level Promotions on Store Choice and the Moderating Role of Individual Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Volle, Pierre

    2001-01-01

    The short-term effect of store-level promotions (weekly flyers, radio and outdoor advertising) on grocery store choice is investigated. We estimate household-level multinomial logit (MNL) models of store choice on panel data, using promotional variables, loyalty, and moderating variables. The research shows that the short-term effect of store-level promotions on store choice is significant but weak: store choice is mainly driven by loyalty. While we fail to demonstrate the moderating role of ...

  13. The Strategic Management of Store Brand Perceived Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Defeng

    Store brand plays a vital role in the success of retailers. Perceived quality is one of important factors influencing consumers' store brand purchase intention. Store brand perceived quality is lower compared with objective quality or national brand. For this end, the purpose of this article is to examine how to manage store brand perceived quality in strategic level. This article firstly discusses how consumers evaluate product quality, and the theoretical background of the reason that store brand perceived quality is lower from the view of cue related theories. Then, consumers' store brand quality evaluation is explored. Finally, this article presents several strategic tactics to increase store brand perceived quality. These tactics include choosing store's name as store brand name, making large advertising investment, improving store brand product package, and strengthening the relationship with store brand product suppliers.

  14. The Stored Waste Autonomous Mobile Inspector (SWAMI)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mobile robot system called Stored Waste Autonomous Mobile Inspector (SWAMI) is under development by the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) Robotics Group of Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) to perform mandated inspections of waste drums stored in warehouse facilities. The system will reduce personnel exposure to potential hazards and create accurate, high-quality documentation to ensure regulatory compliance and enhance waste management operations. Development work is coordinated among several Department of Energy (DOE), academic, and commercial entities in accordance wit DOE's technology transfer initiative. The prototype system, SWAMI I, was demonstrated at Savannah River Site (SRS) in November, 1993. SWAMI II is now under development for field trails at the Fernald site

  15. Salmonella Dublin kan give store tab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Torben Dahl; Nielsen, Liza Rosenbaum; Kudahl, Anne Margrethe Braad; Østergaard, Søren; Krogh, Kaspar

    Store besætninger lider størst økonomisk tab ved infektion med Salmonella Dublin. Selv i en veldrevet besætning kan tabet løbe op i mellem 1,3 og 3,3 millioner kr. over en tiårs periode. Ved uhensigtsmæssige hygiejne- og managementrutiner kan tabet nemt blive meget højere.......Store besætninger lider størst økonomisk tab ved infektion med Salmonella Dublin. Selv i en veldrevet besætning kan tabet løbe op i mellem 1,3 og 3,3 millioner kr. over en tiårs periode. Ved uhensigtsmæssige hygiejne- og managementrutiner kan tabet nemt blive meget højere....

  16. Secure storage system and method for secure storing

    OpenAIRE

    Jonker, Willem; Brinkman, Richard; Maubach, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    According to an exemplary embodiment a method for securely storing a message comprises dividing a first message into a first plurality of shares, and storing the first plurality of shares on a storing host together with a second plurality of shares of at least a second message, wherein the storing is performed in a mixed manner.

  17. 30 CFR 56.6100 - Separation of stored explosive material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Separation of stored explosive material. 56... Explosives Storage § 56.6100 Separation of stored explosive material. (a) Detonators shall not be stored in the same magazine with other explosive material. (b) When stored in the same magazine, blasting...

  18. 30 CFR 57.6100 - Separation of stored explosive material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Separation of stored explosive material. 57... Explosives Storage-Surface and Underground § 57.6100 Separation of stored explosive material. (a) Detonators shall not be stored in the same magazine with other explosive material. (b) When stored in the...

  19. Creating a Relational Distributed Object Store

    OpenAIRE

    Primmer, Robert; Nyman, Scott; Lin, Wayzen

    2013-01-01

    In and of itself, data storage has apparent business utility. But when we can convert data to information, the utility of stored data increases dramatically. It is the layering of relation atop the data mass that is the engine for such conversion. Frank relation amongst discrete objects sporadically ingested is rare, making the process of synthesizing such relation all the more challenging, but the challenge must be met if we are ever to see an equivalent business value for unstructured data ...

  20. Intelligent Store Agent for Mobile Shopping

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan Anthony Brown; Suresh Sankaranarayanan

    2011-01-01

    The conventional shopping process involves a human being visiting a designated store and perusing first the items available. A purchase decision is then made based on the information so gathered. However, a number of unique challenges a human shopper would face, if he/she prefers to execute this process using a mobile device, such as a phone. Taking this aspect into consideration, the authors propose the use of an Intelligent Agent for performing the Mobile Shopping on behalf of customers. In...

  1. Intregrating Entrepreneurship and Accounting Through Online Store

    OpenAIRE

    Sandy Arief

    2012-01-01

    The separateness of the educational process for entrepreneurship students can be problematic in the area of accounting. The paper intends to build integrated conceptual model of entepreneurship and accounting curriculum to equip students to be innovator entrepreneurs, to investigate the level of entrepreneurial intentions among students, and to analize students’ online store project in exploring online business especially in accounting area. As an explorative research, this study was conducte...

  2. Protecting Stored Data on Android Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Alina Cojocaru

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the latest statistics, the Android has become the world’s most popular operating system used for smartphones. Not only its popularity continues to increase, but also the number of malicious hackers who want to compromise mobile applications for their own gain. This paper reviews the protections offered by the Android Platform for storing application data, and provides means to enforce them.

  3. National and store brand advertising strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Jenyi Chen; Stanko Dimitrov

    2015-01-01

    As the propensity of premium store brands (SBs) increases, retailers must consider different ways to drive sales besides promotional strategies. With this in mind, we consider a national brand (NB) and a (premium) SB co-existing in a market. Each brand has to decide the amount to invest in advertising its product and the prices to charge its customers, which can be determined separately or in unison. When either advertising expenditures or pricing decisions are set, each brand must keep in mi...

  4. Usability Evaluation of Smart Phone Application Store

    OpenAIRE

    Adnan, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the usability of smart phone application store app is evaluated. The study was performed on different smart phone operating systems. Data about usability was gathered through surveys and think aloud based experiment. Anova analysis was also performed on data to identify significant issues. A lot of smartphone users reported issues with installing, locating and searching about apps. Many users had issues with uninstalling of apps and navigating the search results when looking fo...

  5. GIS Navigation Boosted by Column Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Alvanaki, Foteini; Goncalves, Romulo; Ivanova, Milena; Kersten, Martin; Kyzirakos, Konstantinos

    2015-01-01

    Earth observation sciences, astronomy, and seismology have large data sets which have inherently rich spatial and geospatial information. In combination with large collections of semantically rich objects which have a large number of thematic properties, they form a new source of knowledge for urban planning, smart cities and natural resource management. Modeling and storing these properties indicating the relationships between them is best handled in a relational database. Furthermore, the s...

  6. Marketing research for customer service development of a sport store

    OpenAIRE

    Reinola, Topi

    2015-01-01

    The thesis was commissioned by the Stadium sport store located in Lielahti, Tampere. The store is a part of a large Swedish sports retail chain Stadium. The thesis studied four different sport retail stores located in Lielahti, which were Intersport, Sportia, Bud- getsport and Stadium. The stores were compared among consumers to determine their differences when it comes to customer service and to chart the demographics of the con- sumers. The chosen stores are all considered to be direct comp...

  7. Small Food Stores and Availability of Nutritious Foods: A Comparison of Database and In-Store Measures, Northern California, 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Kersten, Ellen; Laraia, Barbara; Kelly, Maggi; Adler, Nancy; Yen, Irene H.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Small food stores are prevalent in urban neighborhoods, but the availability of nutritious food at such stores is not well known. The objective of this study was to determine whether data from 3 sources would yield a single, homogenous, healthful food store category that can be used to accurately characterize community nutrition environments for public health research. Methods We conducted in-store surveys in 2009 on store type and the availability of nutritious food in a sample ...

  8. Influence of the Store Ambiance on Customers’ Behavior—Apparel Stores in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohre Hosseini

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This present study explores the effects of the apparel stores’ environment on customers’ behavior in Malaysia. Inessence, the social association that the consumer relates to the experience of shopping depends on theenvironment of the store. Developing a store ambiance that is culturally significant for the shopper will helpform the retailer’s image and reputation. As such, a survey of shopping mall customers’ attitude toward storeambience and its principal components were analyzed to identify the effect of the primary factors of storeambience on customer behavior. A questionnaire based on a five-item Likert scale, as well as random sampling,was employed for data collection. Data analysis was accomplished using SPSS software. The findings are incorrelation with the objectives stated prior to the start of the research. Moreover, the results reflect theachievement of the current study in achieving the aims that are expected to be discovered. Regardless ofnationality, the customers possess high level of knowledge, attitude, and opinions regarding the effects of thestore atmosphere, music, and service on customers’ behavior. The results show a positive and significantrelationship between the store atmosphere, service, and music with customers’ behavior, as the Pearson’scoefficients show positive values (correlation-bivariate and the p-values are less than 0.05 (regression analysisrespectively. Thus, this relationship matches the fundamental aims of this research. The findings providesufficient information to the manager of the retail store regarding the importance of the store dimension andimage from the perspective of customers. Retailers that fail to maintain the proper store image tend to losecustomers and to diminish the corporate image of the company. The current study contributes to the retailers’understanding of the store image that meets customers’ requirements and upholds the corporate identity.

  9. Perturbed Motion of Airplane and Safe Store Separation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. C. Raisinghani

    1984-07-01

    Full Text Available A method is presented to predict the perturbed motion of an airplane following stores jettisoning. The mass, moment of inertia, forces, and moments acting on the airplane are suitable split into contributions from the stores and the rest of the airplane parts. The seperation of stores is assumed to result in a step change of mass, moment of intertai, forces, and moments contributed by stores. The resulting set of perturbed state equations of motion are solved for two illustrative airplane stroes combination. A criterion is evolved to qualitatively indicate locations for safe store separation. It is suggested that the present method be used to predict airplane perturbed motion following stores separation for a given airplane store combination and results be used in conjunction with store trajectory analysis for finally declaring a store location as safe unsafe.

  10. Business Plan: Video Game Rental Store

    OpenAIRE

    Kemppi, Tuomas

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to create a business plan for a video game rental store. It includes research on similar companies in other countries, and it determines if the concept would work in Finland. In addition to this, the report also includes research on what steps need to be taken in order to start and run a video game rental business in Finland. The report also goes over the current trends in the video game industry, and takes a look at where the industry is heading. Based...

  11. Cricket: A Mapped, Persistent Object Store

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shekita, Eugene; Zwilling, Michael

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes Cricket, a new database storage system that is intended to be used as a platform for design environments and persistent programming languages. Cricket uses the memory management primitives of the Mach operating system to provide the abstraction of a shared, transactional single-level store that can be directly accessed by user applications. In this paper, we present the design and motivation for Cricket. We also present some initial performance results which show that, for its intended applications, Cricket can provide better performance than a general-purpose database storage system.

  12. Stochastic Optimal Control Models for Online Stores

    CERN Document Server

    Bradonjić, Milan

    2011-01-01

    We present a model for the optimal design of an online auction/store by a seller. The framework we use is a stochastic optimal control problem. In our setting, the seller wishes to maximize her average wealth level, where she can control her price per unit via her reputation level. The corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellmann equation is analyzed for an introductory case. We then turn to an empirically justified model, and present introductory analysis. In both cases, {\\em pulsing} advertising strategies are recovered for resource allocation. Further numerical and functional analysis will appear shortly.

  13. Storing and Querying RDF in Mars

    OpenAIRE

    Bang, Ole Petter; Fjeldskår, Tormod

    2009-01-01

    As part of the Semantic Web movement, the Resource Description Framework (RDF) is gaining momentum as a format for storing data, particularly metadata. The SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language is a SQL-like query language, recommended by W3C for querying RDF data. FAST is exploring the possibilities of supporting storage and querying of RDF data in their Mars search engine. To facilitate this, a SPARQL parser has been created for the Microsoft .NET Framework, using the MPLex and MPPG tools...

  14. Experiences of Users from Online Grocery Stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Mark

    Grocery shopping, traditionally considered as the pinnacle of the self-service industry, is used as the case study in this chapter. As the Internet has become widely used by many segments of the population, the opportunity to shop online for groceries has been presented to consumers. This chapter considers issues that need to be addressed to make online grocery shopping systems more usable for these consumers, based on feedback from individuals who participated in a study of user interactions with Australian online grocery stores.

  15. RFID Makes Common People an Uncommon Store

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mark; Roberti

    2010-01-01

    The Mexican retailer is using RFID to enhance the customer experience,and to provide supplierswith better inventory data. Dec.13,2010-Common People,an independent conceptstore that opened last month in Mexico City,is employing radiofrequency identification technology to enhance an already uncom-mon customer experience,as well as improve the management ofinventory."When we came up with the idea for a concept store,we knewwe wanted to bring in not just the most interesting products,but

  16. Bioprocessing of a stored mixed liquid waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolfram, J.H.; Rogers, R.D. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Finney, R. [Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, OH (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes the development and results of a demonstration for a continuous bioprocess for mixed waste treatment. A key element of the process is an unique microbial strain which tolerates high levels of aromatic solvents and surfactants. This microorganism is the biocatalysis of the continuous flow system designed for the processing of stored liquid scintillation wastes. During the past year a process demonstration has been conducted on commercial formulation of liquid scintillation cocktails (LSC). Based on data obtained from this demonstration, the Ohio EPA granted the Mound Applied Technologies Lab a treatability permit allowing the limited processing of actual mixed waste. Since August 1994, the system has been successfully processing stored, {open_quotes}hot{close_quotes} LSC waste. The initial LSC waste fed into the system contained 11% pseudocumene and detectable quantities of plutonium. Another treated waste stream contained pseudocumene and tritium. Data from this initial work shows that the hazardous organic solvent, and pseudocumene have been removed due to processing, leaving the aqueous low level radioactive waste. Results to date have shown that living cells are not affected by the dissolved plutonium and that 95% of the plutonium was sorbed to the biomass. This paper discusses the bioprocess, rates of processing, effluent, and the implications of bioprocessing for mixed waste management.

  17. Modern Stored-Product Insect Pest Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagstrum David William

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Stored-product entomologists have a variety of new monitoring, decision-making, biological, chemical, and physical pest management tools available to them. Two types of stored-product insect populations are of interest: insects of immediate economic importance infesting commodities, and insects that live in food residues in equipment and facilities. The sampling and control methods change as grain and grain products move from field to consumer. There are also some changes in the major insect pest species to take into consideration. In this review, we list the primary insect pests at each point of the marketing system, and indicate which sampling methods and control strategies are most appropriate. Economic thresholds for insect infestation levels developed for raw commodity storage, processing plants, and retail business allow sampling-based pest management to be done before insect infestations cause economic injury. Taking enough samples to have a representative sample (20-30 samples will generally provide enough information to classify a population as above or below an economic threshold.

  18. The Strategic Positioning of Store Brands in Retailer - Manufacturer Bargaining

    OpenAIRE

    Fiona M. Scott Morton; Florian Zettelmeyer

    2000-01-01

    We argue in this paper that retailers can strategically position store brands in product space to strengthen their bargaining position when negotiating supply terms with manufacturers of national brands. Using a bargaining framework we model a retailer's decision whether to carry an additional national brand or a store brand, and if the retailer chooses to introduce the latter, where in product space to locate the store brand. Store brands differ from other brands in being both unadvertised a...

  19. STORE VS. NATIONAL BRANDS: A PRODUCT LINE MIX PUZZLE

    OpenAIRE

    José J. Sempere Monerris; Rafael Moner Colonques; Amparo Urbano

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines retailers' strategic decisions about store brand introduction when each retailer can stock a limited number of brands. The different product line mix equilibria depend on demand parameters that measure the cross-effect across national and store brands and the cross-effect within each brand type, thus leading to a simple testable implication. Store brand introduction is determined by the combination of the three effects that result from replacing a national brand by a store...

  20. Toxigenic fungi in corn (maize) stored in hermetic plastic bags

    OpenAIRE

    Castellari, C.; Marcos Valle, F.; Mutti, J.; Cardoso, L; Bartosik, R.

    2010-01-01

    In Argentina, 35 million tonnes are stored in hermetic plastic bags. Inside the bags, the modified atmosphere has an effect on stored grains, insects and fungi. Fungi taxa and species typically isolated from stored grains consist of species of the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium and xerophilic fungi, some of which are potential producers of mycotoxins. The province of Entre Rios, Argentina, is an important area of study because much of the production of maize stored in bags is suppl...

  1. Convenience store location planning and forecasting - A practical research agenda

    OpenAIRE

    S. Wood; Browne, S

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To compare the accepted techniques of location analysis in the food sector with the realities of “real world” forecasting in convenience store (c-store) retailing. To offer a conceptual framework for c-store operators intending to become more strategic in their small store location planning but currently lacking established expertise or extensive research budgets. Approach/Methodology: Outlines potential best practice based on industry experience, and contact and discussion with loca...

  2. A SEGMENTATION ANALYSIS OF U.S. GROCERY STORE SHOPPERS

    OpenAIRE

    Mangaraj, Sandeep; Senauer, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    Cluster analysis was used to conduct a segmentation analysis of U.S. supermarket shoppers. This study is based on the responses of a sample of 1,000 shoppers concerning the importance of 21 store characteristics in selecting their primary grocery store for the Food Marketing Institute's 2000 consumer trends survey. Stores must satisfy the attributes important to all consumers in order to be successful. In order of importance, the four top characteristics are a clean/neat store, high quality p...

  3. COLUMN-STORE DATABASES: APPROACHES AND OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejaswini Apte

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Column-Stores database stores data column-by-column. The need for Column-Stores database arose for the efficient query processing in read-intensive relational databases. Also, for read-intensive relational databases,extensive research has performed for efficient data storage and query processing. This paper gives an overview of storage and performance optimization techniques used in Column-Stores.

  4. Column-Store Databases: Approaches and Optimization Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejaswini Apte

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Column-Stores database stores data column-by-column.The need for Column-Stores database arose for the efficient query processing in read-intensive relational databases. Also, for read-intensive relational databases,extensive research has performed for efficient data storage and query processing. This paper gives an overview of storage and performance optimization techniques used in Column-Stores.

  5. Customer Satisfaction of Retail Chain Stores: Evidence from Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    S. M. Sohel Rana; Abdullah Osman; Md. Aminul Islam

    2014-01-01

    As retail chain store business is gaining popularity very quickly, people engaged in this sector should pay special attention to the growth of this sector. The present study aims at determining the factors constituting customer satisfaction of retail chain stores in Bangladesh. Customer satisfaction of this sector can be a pivotal indicator of how well the stores are meeting the expectations of the customers. Customers of three big retail chain stores have been interviewed for the study. From...

  6. Intregrating Entrepreneurship and Accounting Through Online Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandy Arief

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The separateness of the educational process for entrepreneurship students can be problematic in the area of accounting. The paper intends to build integrated conceptual model of entepreneurship and accounting curriculum to equip students to be innovator entrepreneurs, to investigate the level of entrepreneurial intentions among students, and to analize students’ online store project in exploring online business especially in accounting area. As an explorative research, this study was conducted through reviewing available literature and/ or data, questionaires among 50 students, in-depth interviews, and integrated students’ project. As results, various ideas of creative and innovative model in entrepreneurship and accounting learning process can be formed for cross-cullicular development.

  7. On persistence interfaces for scientific data stores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A common dilemma among builders of large scientific data stores is whether to use a lightweight object persistence manager or a genuine object-oriented database. There are often good reasons to consider each of these strategies; a few are described in this paper. Too often, however, electing to use a lightweight approach has meant programming to an interface that is entirely different than that expected by commercial object-oriented databases. With the emergence of object database standards, it is possible to provide an interface to persistence managers that does not needlessly inhibit coexistence with (and, perhaps, eventual migration to) object-oriented databases. This paper describes an implementation of a substantial subset of the ODMG-93[1]C++ specification that allows clients to use many of today's lightweight object persistence managers through an interface that conforms to the ODMG standard. We also describe a minimal interface that persistence software should support in order to provide persistence services for ODMG implementations

  8. Plastic and dissipated work and stored energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper depicts one theoretical and experimental method to take into account the energy phenomena, associated with the elasto-plastic deformation process, during the elaboration of behaviour laws. The energy balance definition is examined in order to relate the stored energy of cold work to the hardening state variables. Two experimental approaches are used to study the evolution of the energy balance. The first one uses microcalorimetric technique and the second infrared technique. Several industrial metallic materials are studied by both approaches. Energy data are used to control the validity domain of the classical behaviour laws and to elaborate new more appropriate ones. Therefore, the hardening parameters cannot be identified with the thermodynamical forces. The use of energy considerations allows the definition of new thermodynamical forces and state variables, in the case of isotropic or kinematical hardening

  9. Fast liberation of energy stored using superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a rapid description of the circumstances in which they first thought of using superconducting materials for the storage and liberation of energy, the authors examine, in comparison to condensers, the energy densities which can thus be stored, the methods used for introducing this energy into the superconducting circuit and for trapping it, and the law governing the discharge of this energy into a purely dissipative impedance. This leads to a derivation of the expression for the energy yield which depends on the characteristics of the switch used for opening the superconducting circuit. An experimental study has been made of a superconducting switch with a view to understanding the various parameters. As a result of this analysis, transitions of this switch, over the whole of its mass, were obtained for periods of a few microseconds, and energy yields close to unity were obtained. The obtention of fast discharges is now no longer a technological problem. (authors)

  10. Aquifer thermal energy stores in Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the state of essential demonstration projects of heat and cold storage in aquifers in Germany. Into the energy supply system of the buildings of the German Parliament in Berlin, there are integrated both a deep brine-bearing aquifer for the seasonal storage of waste heat from power and heat cogeneration and a shallow-freshwater bearing aquifer for cold storage. In Neubrandenburg, a geothermal heating plant which uses a 1.200 m deep aquifer is being retrofitted into an aquifer heat storage system which can be charged with the waste heat from a gas and steam cogeneration plant. The first centralised solar heating plant including an aquifer thermal energy store in Germany was constructed in Rostock. Solar collectors with a total area of 1000m2 serve for the heating of a complex of buildings with 108 flats. A shallow freshwater-bearing aquifer is used for thermal energy storage. (Authors)

  11. Storing elastic energy in carbon nanotubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential performance of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as springs for elastic energy storage is evaluated. Models are used to determine an upper bound on the energy density that can be stored in defect-free individual CNTs and in assemblies of such CNTs. The models reveal that optimal energy density may be achieved in small-diameter single-walled CNTs loaded in tension, with a maximum theoretical energy density for CNT groupings of 7.8 × 106 kJ m−3. Millimeter-scale CNT springs are constructed using 3 mm tall forests of multi-walled CNTs as the starting material, and tensile tests are performed to measure the springs' stiffness, strength and elastic properties. The measured strain energy density of these continuous CNT fibers is comparable to the energy density of steel springs

  12. Chain store management through private labels strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Sopta

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the market shares of private labels in the European Union and on the global market, and to compare the results of the analysis with the level of presence of private labels on the Croatian market. Moreover, through the application of macro and microeconomic tools, the author tried to estimate the future trends of private labels in Croatia.For the purpose of the paper secondary and primary data was used in the research. Relevant scientific and professional literature of local and foreign authors was analyzed. In addition, a few recent research studies were analyzed and their results compared. Field research has been conducted by the survey method, with 225 respondents included in the intentional sample.The main hypothesis of the paper based on research is that, in total sales, private labels are gaining a growing share in all markets, regardless of the development level of those markets. Alongside the main hypothesis of the work, three supporting hypotheses were tested to see which private labels are a good alternative to other brands on the world market. Private labels are generally developed on generic products. The third supporting hypothesis starts from the assumption that the investments in the promotion of private labels are negligible, resulting in lower prices of thoseproducts. The results of research and analyses in the work indicate that the position of private labels will strengthen internationally, as part of the process of liberalization and globalization of trade flows. In the process of purchase of private labels the positioning of the point of sale and price have an increasing contribution. With the concentration of commerce in chain stores, the share of private labels grows, approaching a half of the total sales in some countries. Considering the Croatian market, according to the international product life cycle theory, the share of private labels in the total sales will grow in the future

  13. In-Store Experimental Approach to Pricing and Consumer Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Foxall, Gordon; Saevarsson, Hugi

    2010-01-01

    This study assessed how, and to what extent, it is possible to use behavioral experimentation and relative sales analysis to study the effects of price on consumers' brand choices in the store environment. An in-store experiment was performed in four stores to investigate the effects of different prices of a target brand on consumers' relative…

  14. 41 CFR 109-1.5108-3 - Stores inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Stores inventories. 109....51-Personal Property Management Standards and Practices § 109-1.5108-3 Stores inventories. Perpetual inventory records are to be maintained for stores inventory items....

  15. To LED or not to LED up a store

    OpenAIRE

    Quartier, Katelijn

    2013-01-01

    This presentation offers a wide talk about LED's and retail lighting. Questions like 'what might be its benefits regarding store experience', 'how do consumers experience LED-lit stores', 'is the use of coloured lighting in stores just a hype or is it a new condition' will be answered. Good and bad examples are used to illustrate the answers.

  16. Design variables and constraints in fashion store design processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haug, Anders; Borch Münster, Mia

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – Several frameworks of retail store environment variables exist, but as shown by this paper, they are not particularly well-suited for supporting fashion store design processes. Thus, in order to provide an improved understanding of fashion store design, the purpose of this paper is to...... defining a set of subsystems, while considering their mutual interdependencies. Research limitations/implications: – The proposed framework may be used as a point of departure and a frame of reference for future research into fashion store design. Practical implications: – The paper may support retail...... designers and retail managers in fashion store design processes by clarifying which store design variables to consider and providing an understanding of the constraints between them. Originality/value: – The perspective on the fashion store design task offered by the proposed framework adds a layer of...

  17. Storing Quantum Information via Atomic Dark Resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Caruso, Filippo

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, after a brief review of some concepts of Quantum Optics, we analyze a three-level atomic system in the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), and we investigate the propagation of a gaussian pulse along a cigar-shaped cloud of both cold and hot atoms in EIT regime. In particular, we show that it is possible to amplify a slow propagating pulse without population inversion. We also analyze the regime of anomalous light propagation showing that it is possible to observe superluminal energy propagation. In these conditions, it is possible to imprint reversibly ('write') the information carried by the photons onto the atoms, specifically as a coherent pattern of atomic spins, and later the information stored in the atomic spins can be transferred back ('read') to the light field, implementing in this way a quantum memory. Besides, we analyze the propagation of a quantum field in an EIT medium sustaining dark state polaritons (DSP) in a quasi-particle picture. Here, the decohe...

  18. Polymeric Bladder for Storing Liquid Oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, David H.; Harvey, Andrew C.; Leary, William

    2009-01-01

    A proposed system for storing oxygen in liquid form and dispensing it in gaseous form is based on (1) initial subcooling of the liquid oxygen; (2) containing the liquid oxygen in a flexible vessel; (3) applying a gas spring to the flexible vessel to keep the oxygen compressed above the saturation pressure and, thus, in the liquid state; and (4) using heat leakage into the system for vaporizing the oxygen to be dispensed. In a typical prior system based on these principles, the flexible vessel is a metal bellows housed in a rigid tank, and the gas spring consists of pressurized helium in the tank volume surrounding the bellows. Unfortunately, the welds in the bellows corrugations are subject to fatigue, and, because bellows have large ullage, a correspondingly large fraction of the oxygen content cannot be expelled. In the proposed system, the flexible vessel would be a bladder made of a liquid- crystal polymer (LCP). (LCPs are strong and compatible with liquid oxygen.) In comparison with a metal bellows, a polymeric bladder would have less ullage and would weigh less. In experiments involving fatigue cycling at liquid-nitrogen temperatures, two LCPs were found to be suitable for this application.

  19. nuSTORM: Neutrinos from Stored Muons

    CERN Document Server

    Soler, F J P

    2015-01-01

    nuSTORM (Neutrinos from STORed Muons) is a proposed storage ring facility to deliver beams of muon antineutrinos and electron neutrinos from positive muon decays (muon neutrinos and electron antineutrinos from negative muon decays), with a central muon momentum of 3.8 GeV/c and a momentum acceptance of 10%. The facility will allow searches for eV-scale sterile neutrinos at better than 10 sigma sensitivity, it will be able to provide measurements of neutrino and antineutrino-nucleus scattering cross sections with percent-level precision and will serve as a first step towards developing muon accelerators for particle physics. We report on the physics capabilities of the nuSTORM facility and we specify the main features of its design, which does not require any new technology. The flux of the neutrino beam can be determined with percent-level accuracy to perform cross-section measurements for future neutrino oscillation experiments and to resolve the hints for eV-scale sterile neutrinos. nuSTORM may be considere...

  20. Web Service Integration Using Cloud Data Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asfia Mubeen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Current Web users usually have their own files, workdocuments, communications and personal contacts distributedin the storage systems of many widely-used Internet services(e.g. Google Docs, Gmail, Face book, Zoho. Therefore, theyface the challenge of being not able to have an integrated viewfor their related data objects (e.g. mails, pics, docs, contacts.Recently, most of the major Internet services provide standardAPIs that allow developing software applications that can readand write data from their underlying data store after providingthe credential access information of registered accounts. TheWorld Wide Web is witnessing an increase in the amount ofstructured content – vast heterogeneous collections ofstructured data are on the rise due to the Deep Web, annotationschemes like Flickr, and sites like Google Base. While thisphenomenon is creating an opportunity for structured datamanagement, dealing with heterogeneity on the web-scalepresents many new challenges. In this paper, we highlight thesechallenges in two scenarios – the Deep Web and Google Base.We contend that traditional data integration techniques are nolonger valid in the face of such heterogeneity and scale. Wepropose new data integration architecture, as means forachieving web-scale data integration.

  1. Experiments with stored relativistic exotic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beams of relativistic exotic nuclei were produced, separated and investigated with the combination of the fragment separator FRS and the storage ring ESR. The following experiments are presented: (1) Direct mass measurements of relativistic nickel and bismuth projectile fragments were performed using Schottky spectrometry. Applying electron cooling, the relative velocity spread of the circulating secondary nuclear beams of low intensity was reduced to below 10-6. The achieved mass resolving power of m/Δm = 6.5 . 105 (FWHM) in recent measurements represents an improvement by a factor of two compared to our previous experiments. The previously unknown masses of more than 100 proton-rich isotopes have been measured in the range of 54 ≤ Z ≤ 84. The results are compared with mass models and estimated values based on extrapolations of experimental values. (2) Exotic nuclei with half-lives shorter than the time required for electron cooling can be investigated by time-of-flight measurements with the ESR being operated in the isochronous mode. This novel experimental technique has been successfully applied in a first measurement with nickel fragments. A mass resolving power of m/Δm = 1.5 . 105 (FWHM) was achieved in this mode of operation. (3) Nuclear half-lives of stored and cooled bare projectile fragments have been measured to study the influence of the ionic charge state on the beta-decay probability. (orig.)

  2. Quantitative evaluation of body iron stores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The body iron levels can be either directly (quantitatively or qualitatively) or indirectly determined using chemical and isotopic techniques. The semiquantitative histochemical determination of the iron content of bone marrow is the only direct method of any practical value. The level of stored iron can be determined indirectly by the intestinal iron absorption, by the desferrioxamine-test, by the serum iron and TIBC determination and by means of an immunoradiometric determination of serum ferritin. The measurements of intestinal 59Fe absorption using a whole-body-counter and the in vitro measurement of the serum ferritin concentration are considered to be the most sensitive indirect methods for determining the levels of iron deposits. The serum ferritin determination method is comparabely sensitive and has distinct advantages over the technically complex and timeconsuming measurement of intestinal iron absorption. Based on the results of our investigations, we conclude that the serum ferritin determination is a powerful new method for measurement of iron deposits. The practical use of this method and its diagnostic potential will be described in detail. (orig.)

  3. Transgenic plants with increased calcium stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Sarah (Inventor); Tsou, Pei-Lan (Inventor); Robertson, Dominique (Inventor); Boss, Wendy (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    The present invention provides transgenic plants over-expressing a transgene encoding a calcium-binding protein or peptide (CaBP). Preferably, the CaBP is a calcium storage protein and over-expression thereof does not have undue adverse effects on calcium homeostasis or biochemical pathways that are regulated by calcium. In preferred embodiments, the CaBP is calreticulin (CRT) or calsequestrin. In more preferred embodiments, the CaBP is the C-domain of CRT, a fragment of the C-domain, or multimers of the foregoing. In other preferred embodiments, the CaBP is localized to the endoplasmic reticulum by operatively associating the transgene encoding the CaBP with an endoplasmic reticulum localization peptide. Alternatively, the CaBP is targeted to any other sub-cellular compartment that permits the calcium to be stored in a form that is biologically available to the plant. Also provided are methods of producing plants with desirable phenotypic traits by transformation of the plant with a transgene encoding a CaBP. Such phenotypic traits include increased calcium storage, enhanced resistance to calcium-limiting conditions, enhanced growth and viability, increased disease and stress resistance, enhanced flower and fruit production, reduced senescence, and a decreased need for fertilizer production. Further provided are plants with enhanced nutritional value as human food or animal feed.

  4. Examination of long-stored uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A small quantity of unirradiated uranium from Magnox fuel elements is currently held in archive storage. Some of these samples date back to the late fifties. This material has been stored, untreated, in unsealed containers in air at ambient temperature, humidity and pressure conditions. Such conditions are relevant to those that may exist in a passive storage facility. A sample of this material has been subject to optical, electron-optical and Raman spectroscopic examination to determine the extent of corrosion and the composition of corrosion product arising from long-term, low-temperature oxidation of uranium metal in air. The examinations have established that, even after a period in excess of 40 years, there was no observable spalling of uranium oxide from the sample during storage. The extent of oxidation of the metal, derived by SEM analysis, was slight and insignificant in relation to overall structural stability of the material. Raman spectroscopy data showed that the bulk of the oxide layer was comprised of hyper-stoichiometric UO2, with U4O9 being the dominant component. The oxygen/uranium ratio was observed to be decreased at the metal/oxide interface, with a very thin layer that consisted of mainly UO2 at the metal surface. At the oxide/air interface, a very thin U3O8 layer was detected. U4O9 is relatively mechanically stable, due to a significantly higher density than UO2 and U3O8. It is likely that the lower internal stresses in the thick U4O9 layer have resulted in less oxide film cracking than would be expected from UO2 or U3O8 and hence the low oxidation rate observed. These results suggest that storage of uranium metal in air over decades is a safe and credible option. (authors)

  5. Glycogen: the forgotten cerebral energy store.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruetter, Rolf

    2003-10-15

    The brain contains a significant amount of glycogen that is an order of magnitude smaller than that in muscle, but several-fold higher than the cerebral glucose content. Although the precise role of brain glycogen to date is unknown, it seems affected by focal activation, neurotransmitters, and overall electrical activity and hormones. Based on its relatively low concentration, the role of brain glycogen as a significant energy store has been discounted. This work reviews recent experimental evidence that brain glycogen is an important reserve of glucose equivalents: (1) glial glycogen can provide the majority of the glucose supply deficit during hypoglycemia for more than 100 min, consistent with the proposal that glial lactate is a fuel for neurons; (2) glycogen concentrations may be as high as 10 micromol/g, substantially higher than was thought previously; (3) glucose cycling in and out of glycogen amounts to approximately 1% of the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc) in human and rat brain, amounting to an effective stability of glycogen in the resting awake brain during euglycemia and hyperglycemia, (4) brain glycogen metabolism/concentrations are insulin/glucose sensitive; and (5) after a single episode of hypoglycemia, brain glycogen levels rebound to levels that exceed the pre-hypoglycemic concentrations (supercompensation). This experimental evidence supports the proposal that brain glycogen may be involved in the development of diabetes complications, specifically impaired glucose sensing (hypoglycemia unawareness) observed clinically in some diabetes patients under insulin treatment. It is proposed further that brain glycogen becomes important in any metabolic state where supply transiently cannot meet demand, such conditions that could occur during prolonged focal activation, sleep deprivation, seizures, and mild hypoxia. PMID:14515346

  6. Building a Distributed Infrastructure for Scalable Triple Stores

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Zhou; Wendy Hall; David De Roure

    2009-01-01

    Built specifically for the Semantic Web, triple stores are required to accommodate a large number of RDF triples and remain primarily centralized. As triple stores grow and evolve with time, there is a demanding need for scalable techniques to remove resource and performance bottlenecks in such systems. To this end, we propose a fully decentralized peer-to-peer architecture for large scale triple stores in which triples are maintained by individual stakeholders, and a semantics-directed search protocol, mediated by topology reorganization, for locating triples of interest. We test our design through simulations and the results show anticipated improvements over existing techniques for distributed triple stores. In addition to engineering future large scale triple stores, our work will in particular benefit the federation of stand-alone triple stores of today to achieve desired scalability.

  7. Control of stored product pests by ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Food irradiation for prevention of food-borne illness and disinfestation of commodities of pests is increasing in a number of countries. The goal of this review is to analyze the literature and current use of irradiation to control stored product pests and suggest research to optimize its potential. Doses to prevent reproduction of stored product pests range from 0.05 kGy for Tenebrio molitor L. to 0.45 kGy for Sitotroga cereallela (Olivier). Small but increasing amounts of grains and pulses are being irradiated in the world today especially in Asia. At least 33 countries permit irradiation of some stored products with 14 countries permitting it for all stored products. Ways in which stored product irradiation research and application may influence other uses of irradiation technology are also discussed. Deactivation of weed seeds might be an area of stored product phytosanitation where irradiation would have an advantage over other measures. (author)

  8. Store selection criteria and sales prediction in virtual worlds

    OpenAIRE

    Krasonikolakis, I.; Vrecholpoulos, A.; Pouloudi, A

    2014-01-01

    Virtual worlds (VWs) have emerged as a new context for gaming, collaboration, social networking but also commercial activity. This paper focuses on the latter, and investigates how consumers behave in this virtual context when selecting stores they visit or buy from. The paper explores store selection criteria in virtual world stores and extends earlier research in both offline and online commercial environments, taking into account the novel IT capabilities that VWs exploit. Theoretical insi...

  9. The retail store managers' role: Evidence from Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Zairis, A.

    2013-01-01

    Despite the fact that the retail manager's role is determinant for a store's performance, and there is abundant wisdom about how to be an outstanding manager or what are the characteristics of a successful retail manager, there is no detailed description about the store managers' role or their actual work. Furthermore, the continuous developments in the retail sector have established different roles and created higher levels of responsibility for store managers. The aim of the present paper i...

  10. Storing an OWL 2 Ontology in a Relational Database Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Gorskis, Henrihs; Borisov, Arkady

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the possibility of storing OWL 2 based ontology information in a classical relational database and reviews some existing methods for ontology databases. In most cases a database is a fitting solution for storing and sharing information among systems, clients or agents. Similarly, in order to make domain ontology information more accessible to systems, in a comparable way, it can be stored and provided in a database form. As of today, there is no consensus on a specific ont...

  11. Measuring Retail Service Quality In Nigerian Departmental Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Omotayo Oyeniyi; Abolaji Joachim Abiodun

    2012-01-01

    The Nigerian economy is experiencing a boom in the retail sector of Departmental Stores. The sector is becoming increasingly competitive with the entry of foreign and multinational retail stores. Extant literature indicates that loyalty of the customers can be maintained with service quality. Consequently, the current study attempts to measure service quality among Nigerian departmental stores using Dabholkar, Thorpe & Renz (1996) Retail Service Quality Scale (RSQS) instrument to gauge custom...

  12. PROPENSITY TO CUSTOMER SWITCHING: A REVIEW ON APPAREL STORES

    OpenAIRE

    Chaminda Karunaratna

    2015-01-01

    In the contemporary marketplace, customer switching has become a popularly addressed phenomenon. This study endeavoured to provide an approach to understand the customer switching behaviour and identify the major factors which influence customer switching in apparel stores. Clothing has become a major requirement for each and every customer in this modern society. Customers use their preferred brand, material and style etc. and become loyal to particular apparel store/s where they can enjoy t...

  13. Når det 'bedste' ikke er godt nok

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Gritt B.; Sarauw, Laura Louise

    2014-01-01

    Måske inspireret af kommissionens kritik af, at der er for mange uddannelser med lav produktivitet målt på indkomst og beskæftigelsesgrad, bebudede Østergaard derpå, at antallet af universitetsuddannelser skal reduceres. Færre og mere genkendelige uddannelser vil gøre det lettere for studerende a...

  14. Labor Regulation and Employment in India's Retail Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Mohammad

    2009-01-01

    A new dataset of 1,948 retail stores in India shows that 27% of the stores find labor regulations as a problem for their business. Using these data, we analyze the effect of labor regulations on employment at the store level. We find that flexible labor regulations have a strong positive effect on job creation. Our estimates show that labor reforms are likely to increase employment by 22% of the current level for an average store. We also address the issue of informality in India's retail sec...

  15. The Antecedents of Store Image and Customer Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Kulter Demirgunes

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Definition of store image is argued to be useful if it predicts phenomena such as satisfaction, loyalty, customer retention and other attitudinal and behavioral outcomes. Previous researches show that customers are affected by the store attributes and consider them to assess perceived benefits and attitudes. One of the biggest challenges for companies is to build a positive image. Knowing the alternatives which could be used to form a positive image is an important issue. A positive image which is created in the customer’s mind about store is seen to have a strong and positive influence on satisfaction. A satisfied customer is likely to be loyal to the store. Therefore, image and customer satisfaction gain importance in the stores which aim to survive. This study focuses on store image, customer satisfaction and the relationship between them. The study primarily explains these two concepts, and then provides a literature review on the researches related with them. The study presents researches in which store image and customer satisfaction are separately discussed, thus it also shows other variables which can be influential on these concepts. Implications for both store image theory and practices are discussed. The literature review reveals that store image plays an important role in customer satisfaction.  Since most of the studies in literature are based on retail industry, in this study ‘store’ concept mostly refers to ‘retail store’.

  16. A Storage Advisor for Hybrid-Store Databases

    OpenAIRE

    Rösch, Philipp; Dannecker, Lars; Hackenbroich, Gregor; Faerber, Franz

    2012-01-01

    With the SAP HANA database, SAP offers a high-performance in-memory hybrid-store database. Hybrid-store databases---that is, databases supporting row- and column-oriented data management---are getting more and more prominent. While the columnar management offers high-performance capabilities for analyzing large quantities of data, the row-oriented store can handle transactional point queries as well as inserts and updates more efficiently. To effectively take advantage of both stores at the s...

  17. Monitoring geologically stored carbon using atmospheric techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Geosequestration (carbon capture and underground storage) is planned as a major global emissions reduction measure and is an essential part of several low C02 emission energy technologies. The potential escape of the geologically stored C02 to the atmosphere is one of the main concerns of project operators, regulators (including carbon accounting) and the public. Although rates of escape large enough to endanger health and safety are extremely unlikely, low leak rates could reduce the effectiveness of geosequestration in controlling emissions. Monitoring geosequestration sites will be a requirement and atmospheric monitoring will be part of an overall package, together with geophysical, geochemical, and hydrological techniques. Atmospheric monitoring of a C02 storage site will provide advantages such as relatively low cost and minimal intervention but also presents challenges because of the typically high and variable concentrations and fluxes of C02 in the atmosphere. Our modelling of hypothetical leaks from C02 storage and dispersion into the atmosphere suggests that identifying and quantifying emissions to the atmosphere may be possible with a combination of atmospheric techniques. These include the continuous and precise monitoring of C02, naturally occurring tracers such as C02 isotopes, and introduced tracers, together with the measurement and modeling of transport and C02 fluxes, over several special scales. An atmospheric monitoring strategy incorporating these techniques has been deployed at the C02CRC's Otway Basin Pilot Project in Victoria. This is Australia's first geosequestration project and the first in the world to include a comprehensive atmospheric scheme within its monitoring and verification program. The C02CRC plans to inject about 100,000 tonnes of C02 from a natural geological accumulation into a depleted natural gas reservoir over a period of about two years, observe the behavior of C02 in the subsurface and monitor intensively

  18. The influence of boutique store atmosphere on customer satisfaction, store loyalty and repurchase intention / Bianca van Niekerk

    OpenAIRE

    Van Niekerk, Bianca

    2015-01-01

    The global fashion retail industry has been characterised by fierce competition for numerous years. Boutiques face increasing pressure to distinctly differentiate themselves from competing retail stores offering fashion merchandise, since customers are becoming ever more demanding as fashion evolves and new trends reach South African retail stores. Accordingly, marketers have to ensure customer satisfaction, build store loyalty, and stimulate repurchase intentions in the fashion retail indust...

  19. Kifaya – nok er nok, eller fortsatt ved det gamle? : ein studie av ei egyptisk demokratirørsle

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The topic of this theis is the group al-Haraka al-Masriyya min ’ajl al-Taghyir (The egyptian movement for change), also called Kifaya (Enough). The momvement was founded in 2004, and their main demands were an end to the continuation of rule of President Hosni Mubarak, and that Egypt should not become a hereditary presidential system. Their demands were therefore a limit of two presidential terms, and that president Mubaraks son, Gamal Mubarak, should not become the next president. The group ...

  20. Self-organizing strategies for a column-store database

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Ivanova; M.L. Kersten; N. Nes

    2008-01-01

    Column-store database systems open new vistas for improved maintenance through self-organization. Individual columns are the focal point, which simplify balancing conflicting requirements. This work presents two workload-driven self-organizing techniques in a column-store, i.e. adaptive segmentation

  1. Using a virtual grocery store to simulate shopping behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herpen, van H.W.I.; Yu, T.; Broek, van den E.M.F.; Trijp, van J.C.M.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Simulating a store environment by using virtual reality techniques offers important potential advantages for research into consumer behaviour. Through the use of virtual reality, the store can be simulated in a realistic and cost-efficient way [1,9]. This allows researchers to collect d

  2. Store and Restaurant Advertising and Health of Public Housing Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, Katie M.; Li, Dongmei; Regan, Gail R.; Howard, Hugh H.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.; Lee, Rebecca E.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To determine relationships between food and beverage signs and health. Methods: In 12 public housing neighborhoods, food and alcohol signs were counted for stores and restaurants. Health and demographic data were from 373 adults. Results: Multilevel modeling showed higher BMI was related to more store and restaurant alcohol signs,…

  3. 41 CFR 109-27.5002 - Stores inventory turnover ratio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... turnover ratio. 109-27.5002 Section 109-27.5002 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property....5002 Stores inventory turnover ratio. Comparison of investment in stores inventories to annual issues... comparison may be expressed either as a turnover ratio (dollar value of issues divided by dollar value...

  4. Beijing department stores speed up the development of chain operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    As the capital regional consumer market enhanced, a growing number of department stores ,supermarkets chose chain operating mode. ey occupy market by chain operation. At present, "Multi combination + differentiated management " has become a effective commercial expansion path of development. According to reporter statistics, including the Parkson shopping center, Guiyou Plaza, Blue Island, Cuiwei Plaza, Xidan shopping mall, Dangdai shopping mall , Wangfujing department store ,

  5. First come, First served: Enhancing the Convenience Store Service Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Ling Chiao

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available One distinctive characteristic of Taiwanese city streets is the omnipresence of convenience stores. These clean, brightly lit stores are in operation 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and offer a wide range of constantly updated lifestyle products and services. Past research in convenience stores have often overlooked the work experiences of convenience store employees, and their contribution to the overall service experience. Thus, the goal of this exploratory study is to explore the convenience store work environment, and to provide some suggestions for in-store technological enhancements. Data was collected through in-depth interviewing, field study observations and Living Lab methodologies. Our research reveals that convenience store employees experience several types of physical, mental and emotional strains throughout their shifts. These strains are often derived from excessive physical exertion and unpleasant interactions with customers. We suggest that certain in-store technological enhancements, such as seamless sensing and seamful actuating, can serve to alleviate employee sense of pressure and anxiety during customer interactions.

  6. 19 CFR 4.11 - Sealing of stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sealing of stores. 4.11 Section 4.11 Customs... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Arrival and Entry of Vessels § 4.11 Sealing of stores. Upon the... land has been issued, shall be placed under seal, unless the Customs officer is of the opinion that...

  7. Stored product entomology: Shifting from the past to the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowledge of stored product insects dates back to ancient times, but the historical “Past” for stored product insects as a distinct branch of entomology begins from the early 20th century until the mid 1970s and 1980s. The present era is characterized by a decline in the number of researchers specia...

  8. Decontamination of toxigenic moulds in stored grains by gamma irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samples of wheat, cow peas, and rice, collected from different stores, were found to be highly infested by some of the well known insects. The fungal genera, aspergillus, penicillium, fusarium and alternaria also predominated in all these samples. As the insect infection increases, the stored grains become heavily contaminated by aspergilli and penicilii. Aspergillus flavus that was isolated from all stored grains and insects is characterized by its ability to produce aflatoxins. When stored grains and insects were exposed to gamma irradiation dose of 0.4 - 0.6 kGy and 2 - 4 kGy, the insect and mould growth were greatly suppressed. The growth of A.flavus was inhibited completely at 4 kGy and the stored grains became totally free from the toxigenic moulds. 1 fig., 2 tab

  9. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal populations in stored topsoil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, J.A.; Hunter, D.; Birch, P.; Short, K.C. (North East London Polytechnic, London (UK). Environment and Industry Research Unit, Dept. of Biology and Biochemistry)

    1987-01-01

    Two soil stores of different ages were sampled to investigate their vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) populations. The soils collected were assessed for pH, moisture content, loss on ignition, spore numbers, number and size of root fragments present and percentage of these roots infected with VAM. A corn-root bioassay was used to determine soil infectivity. Root fragment number, size, % root infection and soil infectivity were negatively correlated with soil depth. VAM spore number was not significantly correlated with depth in either store. It appears that infected root fragments and fresh roots were the source of inoculum although there may have been a contribution from spores in the younger store. The infectivity of the older store soil was less than that of the younger store. 12 refs., 5 tabs.

  10. From manager's emotional intelligence to objective store performance: Through store cohesiveness and sales-directed employee behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilderom, C.P.M.; Hur, YounHee; Wiersma, Uco J.; Berg, van den Peter T.; Lee, Jaehoon

    2015-01-01

    The relationships among manager's emotional intelligence, store cohesiveness, sales-directed employee behavior, and objective store performance were investigated. Non-managerial sales employees of a large retail electronics chain in South Korea (N = 1611) rated the emotional intelligence of their ow

  11. Sodium in Store and Restaurant Food Environments - Guam, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Sandra L; VanFrank, Brenna K; Lundeen, Elizabeth; Uncangco, Alyssa; Alam, Lawrence; King, Sallyann M Coleman; Cogswell, Mary E

    2016-01-01

    Compared with the United States overall, Guam has higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and stroke (1). Excess sodium intake can increase blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease (2,3). To determine the availability and promotion of lower-sodium options in the nutrition environment, the Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) conducted an assessment in September 2015 using previously validated tools adapted to include sodium measures. Stores (N = 114) and restaurants (N = 63) were randomly sampled by region (north, central, and south). Data from 100 stores and 62 restaurants were analyzed and weighted to account for the sampling design. Across the nine product types assessed, lower-sodium products were offered less frequently than regular-sodium products (p<0.001) with <50% of stores offering lower-sodium canned vegetables, tuna, salad dressing, soy sauce, and hot dogs. Lower-sodium products were also less frequently offered in small stores than large (two or more cash registers) stores. Reduced-sodium soy sauce cost more than regular soy sauce (p<0.001) in stores offering both options in the same size bottle. Few restaurants engaged in promotion practices such as posting sodium information (3%) or identifying lower-sodium entrées (1%). Improving the availability and promotion of lower-sodium foods in stores and restaurants could help support healthier eating in Guam. PMID:27227418

  12. Effective Factors in Environmental Health Status of Grocery Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Asadi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Aims of the Study: This study was carried out to determine the effective factors in environmental health status of grocery stores in the city of Qom (located in the center of Iran. Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 283 grocery stores from 3 different regions were selected randomly using stratified sampling. Data were gathered through observation, interview, and questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: section 1 dealt with some shop managers’ features including the age, educational level, job satisfaction, passing “food and occupational hygiene training courses”, store ownership, duration of employment, and features of stores including their location (Region and environmental health condition. And section 2 dealt with the important aspects of regulations of Article 13. The data analyzed using statistical procedures such as Spearman Rank Correlation and Multivariate Regression Analysis. P-values less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: Among the investigated factors, the manager’s educational level had a greater impact on the environmental health conditions of grocery stores. The ownership status of grocery stores, Job satisfaction and passing “food and occupational hygiene training courses” were next in the ranking, respectively (p <0.001 for all measures, except for shop ownership, for which p-value was <0.02. Conclusions: Planning and implementation of effective operational and strategic programs addressing the above mentioned issues seems to be necessary. Such programs will improve the health status of the stores over time.

  13. Using of simulation for comparison of technologies for pallets storing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kříž, Pavel; Chramcov, Bronislav; Jemelka, Milan

    2016-06-01

    The paper highlights the problem oftechnology for pallet storing. The aim is to compare selected technologies and to find efficient warehouse solution for the real company, which produces a plastic parts for automotive and needs to solve storing in the new hall. The work describes differences between two pallet storing technologies - static racking system and powered mobile racking system. Comparison contains description, advantages and disadvantages of the both systems. Real data from real project are used for the evaluation of necessary parameters. The result presents proposal of solution which can meet all initial conditions.

  14. Store-operated calcium channels and pro-inflammatory signals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei-chiao CHANG

    2006-01-01

    In non-excitable cells such as T lymphocytes,hepatocytes,mast cells,endothelia and epithelia,the major pathway for calcium(Ca2+)entry is through store-operated Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane.These channels are activated by the emptying of intracellular Ca2+ stores,however,neither the gating mechanism nor the downstream targets of these channels has been clear established.Here,I review some of the proposed gating mechanisms of store-operated Ca2+ channels and the functional implications in regulating pro-inflammatory signals.

  15. Polarizing a stored proton beam by spin flip?

    CERN Document Server

    Oellers, D; Barsov, S; Bechstedt, U; Benati, P; Bertelli, S; Chiladze, D; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Dietrich, J; Dolfus, N; Dymov, S; Engels, R; Erven, W; Garishvili, A; Gebel, R; Goslawski, P; Grigoryev, K; Hadamek, H; Kacharava, A; Khoukaz, A; Kulikov, A; Langenberg, G; Lehrach, A; Lenisa, P; Lomidze, N; Lorentz, B; Macharashvili, G; Maier, R; Martin, S; Merzliakov, S; Meshkov, I N; Meyer, H O; Mielke, M; Mikirtychiants, M; Mikirtychiants, S; Nass, A; Nekipelov, M; Nikolaev, N N; Nioradze, M; d'Orsaneo, G; Papenbrock, M; Prasuhn, D; Rathmann, F; Sarkadi, J; Schleichert, R; Smirnov, A; Seyfarth, H; Sowinski, J; Spoelgen, D; Stancari, G; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Stein, H J; Stockhorst, H; Straatmann, H; Ströher, H; Tabidze, M; Tagliente, G; Engblom, P Thoerngren; Trusov, S; Vasilyev, A; Weidemann, Chr; Welsch, D; Wieder, P; Wüstner, P; Zupranski, P

    2009-01-01

    We discuss polarizing a proton beam in a storage ring, either by selective removal or by spin flip of the stored ions. Prompted by recent, conflicting calculations, we have carried out a measurement of the spin flip cross section in low-energy electron-proton scattering. The experiment uses the cooling electron beam at COSY as an electron target. The measured cross sections are too small for making spin flip a viable tool in polarizing a stored beam. This invalidates a recent proposal to use co-moving polarized positrons to polarize a stored antiproton beam.

  16. Systems and methods of storing combustion waste products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Shen-En; Wang, Peng; Miao, Xiexing; Feng, Qiyan; Zhu, Qianlin

    2016-04-12

    In one aspect, methods of storing one or more combustion waste products are described herein. Combustion waste products stored by a method described herein can include solid combustion waste products such as coal ash and/or gaseous combustion products such as carbon dioxide. In some embodiments, a method of storing carbon dioxide comprises providing a carbon dioxide storage medium comprising porous concrete having a macroporous and microporous pore structure and flowing carbon dioxide captured from a combustion flue gas source into the pore structure of the porous concrete.

  17. In-store Consumer Shopping Behaviour Through Mobile Phones

    OpenAIRE

    Samarhan, Albina

    2016-01-01

    The present study sought to explore the ways consumers are using their mobile phones for shopping related purposes in-store. The purpose of this thesis was to examine the shopping behaviour of consumers in Finland through the in-store usage of mobile phones. The research attempted to reveal what and how often consumers buy with the help of mobile phones and for which purposes consumers use their mobile phones in-store. The theoretical background of the thesis was based on the concepts of con...

  18. GSM accessories now available from the CERN Stores

    CERN Multimedia

    Labo Telecom

    2001-01-01

    As of 1st October you can order and receive GSM accessories from the CERN stores like any other article. The CERN stores also manage GSM telephones but, for technical reasons, only the Labo Telecom shop (Building 31, Room S026) is able to make the standard sales, repairs and exchanges for authorised persons with a CERN subscription. Labo Telecom will thus become a specialist shop, open from 11 a.m. to 12 a.m., and will apply the usual rules and authorisation procedures of the stores. The paper form for requests for GSM subscriptions is being computerized and will be available on EDH in the near future.

  19. Grocery Stores, Published in Not Provided, The Keith Corporation.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Grocery Stores dataset as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Sure coordinate system; in a Not Sure projection; The extent of...

  20. Use of segregation techniques to reduce stored low level waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the use of segregation techniques in reducing the stored Low Level Waste on Intermediate Waste Repository 1, at Angra Nuclear Power Plant Site, from 1701 to 425 drums of compacted waste. (author)

  1. Stability studies on refined soybean oil stored in various conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 12 months stability study of freshly produced refined soybean oil revealed that refined soybean oil stored in plastic containers in dark was more hydrolytically and oxidatively stable than that stored in other containers in light condition. There was no significant difference at P < 0.05 in free fatty acids and acid value of oil stored under light and dark conditions in tin and glass containers but there was significant difference at P < 0.05 in peroxide value of oil stored in light and dark conditions in all the storage containers. Light increased the degree of oxidative rancidity of refined soybean oil, the most in tin containers, followed by glass containers and the least in plastic containers. (author)

  2. On applications of chimera grid schemes to store separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cougherty, F. C.; Benek, J. A.; Steger, J. L.

    1985-01-01

    A finite difference scheme which uses multiple overset meshes to simulate the aerodynamics of aircraft/store interaction and store separation is described. In this chimera, or multiple mesh, scheme, a complex configuration is mapped using a major grid about the main component of the configuration, and minor overset meshes are used to map each additional component such as a store. As a first step in modeling the aerodynamics of store separation, two dimensional inviscid flow calculations were carried out in which one of the minor meshes is allowed to move with respect to the major grid. Solutions of calibrated two dimensional problems indicate that allowing one mesh to move with respect to another does not adversely affect the time accuracy of an unsteady solution. Steady, inviscid three dimensional computations demonstrate the capability to simulate complex configurations, including closely packed multiple bodies.

  3. Decisive Visual Saliency and Consumers' In-store Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clement, Jesper; Aastrup, Jesper; Forsberg, Signe Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    that they are affected by the visual stimuli in the store. The objective for this paper is to investigate the visual saliency from two factors: 1) in-store signage and 2) placement of products. This is done by a triangulation method where we utilize data from an eye-track study and sales data from...... grocery stores. The first study takes place in laboratory settings with a simulated purchase situation, and the second research design builds on manipulated in-store settings and data from real purchases. We found optimal placement of two comparable goods (branded good and private label) to increase...... visual attention and sale for both goods. The use of signage increases visual attention and sale as well, yet only for the product that the label addressed, implying a cannibalization effect. The limitation of the study and implications for retail managers and for brand owners are discussed....

  4. Knowledge Management Processes: Storing, Searching and Sharing Knowledge in Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Päivi Haapalainen; Kirsi Pusa

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management includes several processes, e.g., knowledge creation, knowledge storing, sharing, and using knowledge. When these processes run smoothly, an organization can confirm that information is available for users whenever needed. This is essential for organizations that sell knowledge based services. However, often these processes are not as effective as they could be. In this article the authors concentrate on the following knowledge management processes: storing, searching, an...

  5. Asymmetric Store Positioning and Promotional Advertising Strategies: Theory and Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Surendra Rajiv; Shantanu Dutta; Sanjay K. Dhar

    2002-01-01

    Asymmetrically positioned retailers, who vary in the quality/in-store service offered, are increasingly using promotional advertising—the practice of advertising sale prices on familiar merchandise lines—to compete for customers who are willing to comparison shop. The objective of this paper is to examine the role of promotional advertising for stores that vary in their quality positioning in competing for customers using a game-theoretic model. Our focus is on two key retail promotional adve...

  6. Decomposing the Sales Promotion Bump with Store Data

    OpenAIRE

    Heerde, Harald J. van; Leeflang, Peter S.H.; Wittink, Dick R.

    2004-01-01

    Sales promotions generate substantial short-term sales increases. To determine whether the sales promotion bump is truly beneficial from a managerial perspective, we propose a system of store-level regression models that decomposes the sales promotion bump into three parts: cross-brand effects (secondary demand), cross-period effects (primary demand borrowed from other time periods), and category-expansion effects (remaining primary demand). Across four store-level scanner datasets, we find t...

  7. Point of Sales Promotions and Buying Stimulation in Retail Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Rajagopal, MR

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes drivers of compulsive buying behavior induced by store based promotion through empirical investigation in Mexico. The buying behavior in reference to point of sales promotions offered by retailing firms and determinants of sensitivity towards stimulating shopping arousal and satisfaction among customer in building store loyalty have been discussed in the paper. This study also builds arguments around convergence of attractiveness of point of sales promotions and effectiven...

  8. Selected factors of economic efficiency of underground gas storing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic issues related with the economic efficiency of underground gas storing are discussed in the paper. There are presented unit capital costs, depending on the storage type, and the structure of exploitation costs. The influence of capital costs, constant and floating costs as well as the storage prices were determined for the Net Present Value (NPV). The influence of the used active storing capacity on the profitability of the underground gas storage process was analysed. (authors)

  9. MARKETING PRICING STRATEGIES USED BY THE BRANCHES OF CHAIN STORES

    OpenAIRE

    Róbert Štefko; Jaroslava Gburová; Jana Jurková

    2011-01-01

    The paper deals with pricing strategies in marketing of the branches of chain stores situated in Presov region (specifically in Presov region). The aims of research are to identification the most commonly used pricing strategies in marketing from the point of view of marketing managers of the branches of chain stores and the various connections between marketing pricing strategies. It includes identification of various connections between the selection of marketing pricing strategies and pric...

  10. The disinfestation of grains and stored products through ionizing radiations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Disinfestation of stored products and grains through ionizing radiation is reviewed. A promising technique, the one of irradiation to achieve sterilization and increasing mortality of stored grain insects, which are commonly destructive to the main crops in Brazil is explained. Methodology to determine the sterilizing dose and lethality; the wholesomeness of irradiated grains and searches realized in Brazil with Sitophilus, Sototroga, Zabrotes and Acanthocelides are also presented

  11. Research of an Online Service System for Beverages Chain Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Chih-Yao Lo; Cheng-I Hou; Hsin-Chia Hsu; Chiu-Ping You

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: In the highly competitive market, the availability of consumer support is the key to market-based beverage stores. Consumer demands for quality service so the industry must be more active to improve the quality of management to ensure that beverage market position. In order to allow market competition to be improved for the beverage store. Approach: The system builds an information network using web-based system provides operators and consumers a direct ...

  12. Effective Factors in Environmental Health Status of Grocery Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Mehdi Asadi; Mehdi Norouzi; Mehdi Ghafuri; Fahimeh Tavakkoli; Alireza Omidi Oskouei; Pegah Bahmani; Hiva Daraei; Esmaeil Ghahremani

    2012-01-01

    Aims of the Study: This study was carried out to determine the effective factors in environmental health status of grocery stores in the city of Qom (located in the center of Iran). Materials & Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 283 grocery stores from 3 different regions were selected randomly using stratified sampling. Data were gathered through observation, interview, and questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: section 1 dealt with some shop...

  13. Microbiological evaluation of poultry sausages stored at different temperatures

    OpenAIRE

    Simona Kunová; Alica Bobková; Ľubomír Lopašovský; Miroslava Kačániová

    2014-01-01

    The aim of our study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of poultry sausages, which were stored at different temperatures (4 °C, 15 °C). Total count of bacteria, coliform bacteria, yeasts and filamentous microscopic fungi were detected in poultry sausages. Microbiological quality was evaluated using the horizontal method for the determination number of microorganisms. Total count of bacteria in sausages stored at 4 °C ranged from 1 × 101 CFU.g-1 in sa...

  14. STORE LAYOUT FOR VIRTUAL RETAILING: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Ilyas Masudin; Mukhlish Fuadi

    2014-01-01

    The progress of online shopping worldwide has impacted significantly to business processes as well as customers’ behavior in shopping. Thus, research in online retailing especially in virtual store layout has been made by researchers in numerous numbers. This article attempts to explore prior research in virtual layout retails to identify the research in virtual retailing in term of the variables involved in designing the virtual store layout.

  15. Dry store for spent fuel elements from nuclear reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the dry store for spent fuel elements from nuclear reactors which are enclosed in storage tubes and cooled with air, the storage tubes being arranged in shafts of a storage building, a loading device is provided underneath the shafts and in a cooling air shaft designed for transporting. The loading device therefore requires only a small lifting height and the chances of storage tubes falling from great heights are excluded. This invention is applicable in particular for intermediate stores. (orig./RW)

  16. Selected forms of Selling the Organic Food - Specialty stores

    OpenAIRE

    HANZALOVÁ, Dana

    2014-01-01

    The main aim of my thesis on the topic "Selected forms of Selling the Organic Food - specialty stores" is to assess the actual state of organic food sales in specialty stores in terms of assortment, conditions and sales culture. Likewise, this work allow the reader to learn what is the difference between Czech and foreign quality organic food, who is a typical customer buying organic food, what are comments of organic food vendors, etc. Furthermore, this theme is dealing with regional sales o...

  17. Health food store recommendations: implications for breast cancer patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, Edward; Ernst, Edzard; Singh, Rana; Ross, Cory; Wilson, Kumanan

    2003-01-01

    Background Many breast cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We aimed to determine what advice health food store employees present to individuals seeking treatment options for breast cancer. Methods Eight data gatherers asked employees of all retail health food stores in a major Canadian city, what they recommended for a patient with breast cancer. The data gatherers inquired about product safety, potential drug interactions, costs and efficacy. They also enquired ...

  18. CONSUMER AND FOOD STORE MANAGER PERCEPTIONS OF FOOD INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Potakey, Harold; Schupp, Alvin R.; Montgomery, Donna E.

    1994-01-01

    Federal and state governments operate inspection systems to help assure consumers of the wholesomeness and cleanliness of food products. Each major outbreak of human illness attributed to foodborne pathogens or to cancer-causing residues in foods raises questions as to the effectiveness of this food inspection. How do food store managers and consumers differ in their perceptions of needed food inspection? Mail surveys of households and food stores in three urban and five rural Louisiana paris...

  19. The Antecedents of Store Image and Customer Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Banu Külter Demirgüneş

    2014-01-01

    Definition of store image is argued to be useful if it predicts phenomena such as satisfaction, loyalty, customer retention and other attitudinal and behavioral outcomes. Previous researches show that customers are affected by the store attributes and consider them to assess perceived benefits and attitudes. One of the biggest challenges for companies is to build a positive image. Knowing the alternatives which could be used to form a positive image is an important issue. A positive image whi...

  20. Quality-aware scheduling for key-value data stores

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Chen

    2015-01-01

    This book comprehensively illustrates quality-ware scheduling in key-value stores. In addition, it provides scheduling strategies and a prototype framework of quality-aware scheduler as well as a demonstration of online applications. The book offers a rich blend of theory and practice which is suitable for students, researchers and practitioners interested in distributed systems, NoSQL key-value stores and scheduling.

  1. Store Managers – The Seismographs in Shopping Centres

    OpenAIRE

    Teller, C; Alexander, A

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate (1) the link between store managers’ evaluation of how customers assess a shopping centre and their own evaluation of the centre and, based on that, (2) the relevance of store managers in reflecting upon and informing the management and marketing practices of the local shopping centre management. Methodology: A conceptual model is developed based on the network and boundary-spanning theories. The model is tested using a web-based survey of 217 ...

  2. Competitive Strategies for China's Domestic Luxury Department Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Changhai

    2013-01-01

    Abstract China’s domestic luxury department stores have faced increasing competition from foreign competitors. The competition is mainly due to the liberalization of the retail industry by China’s government fulfilling their commitment to the WTO since 2004. Such liberalization attracts many foreign luxury department stores into China. By today, with the saturation of first tier cities’ market, they have begun expanding into the market of Chinese second tier cities. Except for the increa...

  3. Snack food advertising in stores around public schools in Guatemala

    OpenAIRE

    Chacon, Violeta; Letona, Paola; Villamor, Eduardo; Barnoya, Joaquin

    2014-01-01

    Obesity in school-age children is emerging as a public heath concern. Food marketing influences preferences and increases children's requests for food. This study sought to describe the type of snack foods advertised to children in stores in and around public schools and assess if there is an association between child-oriented snack food advertising and proximity to schools. All food stores located inside and within a 200 square meter radius from two preschools and two primary schools were su...

  4. Can spoilage bacteria cause blackspot (melanosis) in stored prawns?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chinivasagam, H.N.; Bremner, Allan; Reeves, R.

    1998-01-01

    Several isolates of Pseudomonas fragi can metabolize tyrosine to produce a red-brown colour within 8-10 days when incubated (5 degrees C) in artificial media. It is possible that bacterial production of melanin occurs on stored prawns.......Several isolates of Pseudomonas fragi can metabolize tyrosine to produce a red-brown colour within 8-10 days when incubated (5 degrees C) in artificial media. It is possible that bacterial production of melanin occurs on stored prawns....

  5. Using Relational Model to Store Owl Ontologies and Facts

    OpenAIRE

    Tarek Bourbia; Mahmoud Boufaida

    2014-01-01

    The storing and the processing of OWL instances are important subjects in database modeling. Many research works have focused on the way of mana ging OWL instances efficiently. Some systems store and manage OWL instances using relati onal models to ensure their persistence. Nevertheless, several approaches keep only RDF trip lets as instances in relational tables explicitly, and the manner of structuring instances as graph a...

  6. Control of stored-product pests by irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present review deals with the effects of irradiation on some aspects of the biology of major stored-product pests, namely mortality, stages of development, reproductive organs and reproductive potential, histology of the gut, factors influencing irradiation and the synergism of irradiation with other control agents. It also reports on the irradiation effects on stored commodities. Further guidelines for future research have been suggested. (author)

  7. Development of a web store protected with certificates

    OpenAIRE

    Rot, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Each year web stores attract more customers. When programming these types of applications we have to consider two things: implementation of functionality and ensuring web security. A web store with three modules has been developed in the following thesis (a module for buyers, sellers and also for managing supplies). Special emphasis during development is placed on security. We also considered the guidelines from the OWASP organization. A defense against injection, XSS and CSRF has been implem...

  8. Analisis Pengaruh Suasana Toko (Store Atmosphere) Dan Lokasi Terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen Di Ramayana Department Store Cabang Buana Plaza Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, M Iqbal

    2015-01-01

    Fierce competition in the retail business today requires every retail companies to survive and win the competition stretcher through proper marketing strategies, innovation, as well as the changes that have an impact on the incidence of such consumer satisfaction with the creation of the atmosphere of the store Comfortable and determining the location of a strategic company. PT. Ramayana Lestari Sentosa is shaped department store retailer with the largest retail network in Indonesia. The high...

  9. PROPENSITY TO CUSTOMER SWITCHING: A REVIEW ON APPAREL STORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaminda Karunaratna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary marketplace, customer switching has become a popularly addressed phenomenon. This study endeavoured to provide an approach to understand the customer switching behaviour and identify the major factors which influence customer switching in apparel stores. Clothing has become a major requirement for each and every customer in this modern society. Customers use their preferred brand, material and style etc. and become loyal to particular apparel store/s where they can enjoy the expected benefits in choosing preferred clothing items. However, customers may switch their apparel stores due to various reasons. Even though many clothing brands at different quality and price levels are available, many customers still switch among different apparel stores. In the field of apparel industry, researchers have put more weight on the fashion clothing, nature of purchasing decisions, and clothing brand loyalty etc. Howeevr, the research studies which focus on customer switching is scarce.Therefore, this study attempts to study the factors which cause customer switching in appreal stores. The survey method was adopted as the main research method to conduct the study. The sample consisted of 300 customers who were met at their visits to textile shops in the city of Matara in Sri Lanka. An exploratory factor analysis was employed to identify the major factors of customer switching. According to the results of the exploratory factor analysis, five major factors such as inferior quality, unavailability, service failure, stressful atmosphere and high price were identified as the major factors which influence the switching decision in retail apparel store.

  10. The network-based energy management system for convenience stores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, An-Ping; Hsu, Pau-Lo [Department of Electrical and Control Engineering, National Chiao-Tung University, 1001 Ta-Hsiue Road, Hsinchu City 310 (China)

    2008-07-01

    Convenience stores generally consume energy higher than other retailing merchants. As the problem of energy shortage becomes more serious during summer, almost all convenience stores sign a contract with power plants, which provides for fines if demand limiting occurs in Taiwan and many other countries. Therefore, a reliable and effective method to reduce their utility consumption is required for modern business and industry. This research integrates the remote sensors, the control network, and the embedded system technologies to construct a distributed energy management control system for dedicated convenience stores. Energy consumption can thus be reasonably managed with demand limits by measuring and analyzing the power consumption sources in four major subsystems of convenience stores, namely, (1) air-conditioning, (2) lighting, (3) heating, and (4) refrigeration. By applying the proposed demand prediction and control method, the demand limiting condition can be properly predicted, and the possible peak load can thus be eliminated via the network control mechanism. Moreover, by integrating the LonWork fieldbus and the WinCE operating system (OS), the proposed system has been successfully applied to a convenience store. The experimental results indicate that the proposed distributed energy management system suitably predicts the peak loading condition and successfully prevents its occurrence by switching the air-conditioning system without affecting the indoor temperature regulation. (author)

  11. Control of insect pests in stored dates using ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arab countries produce more than 73% of the total world production of date palm and dates constitute an important part of the people's diet. They are produced at a certain time of the year and stored to be consumed all year around. Similar to most other agricultural crops, dates are attacked during storage by a number of insect pests causing sever losses. Methyl bromide, a chemical fumigant highly effective in controlling insect pests of stored dates, has been used for over half a century to protect stored food products, including dates, against insect attack. Because of its environmental drawbacks, methyl bromide is being phased out globally with no other chemical to replace it at present. Ionizing radiation, particularly gamma radiation, may offer a good alternative to methyl bromide for protecting food products including stored dates, against insect attack. In this paper, we present details on insect pests of stored dates, their sensitivity to gamma irradiation and the possibility of using gamma irradiation as an alternative to methyl bromide for their control. It also discusses the criteria used for determining the irradiation dose. In addition, it deals with the advantages, legality, practicality and the difficulties that hamper the practical application of this technology. (author)

  12. Providing a Foundation for Analysis of Volatile Data Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Vidas

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Current threats against typical computer systems demonstrate a need for forensic analysis of memory-resident data in addition to the conventional static analysis common today.  Certain attacks and types of malware exist solely in memory and leave little or no evidentiary information on nonvolatile stores such as a hard disk drive.  The desire to preserve system state at the time of response may even warrant memory acquisition independent of perceived threats and the ability to analyze the acquired duplicate. Tools capable of duplicating various types of volatile data stores are becoming widely available.  Once the data store has been duplicated, current forensic procedures have no method for extrapolating further useful information from the duplicate.  This paper is focused on providing the groundwork for performing forensic investigations on the data that is typically stored in a volatile data store, such as system RAM.It is intended that, when combined with good acquisition techniques, it will be shown that it is possible to obtain more post incident response information along with less impact to potential evidence when compared to typical incident response procedures. 

  13. Resveratrol preserves the function of human platelets stored for transfusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lannan, Katie L; Refaai, Majed A; Ture, Sara K; Morrell, Craig N; Blumberg, Neil; Phipps, Richard P; Spinelli, Sherry L

    2016-03-01

    Stored platelets undergo biochemical, structural and functional changes that lead to decreased efficacy and safety of platelet transfusions. Not only do platelets acquire markers of activation during storage, but they also fail to respond normally to agonists post-storage. We hypothesized that resveratrol, a cardioprotective antioxidant, could act as a novel platelet storage additive to safely prevent unwanted platelet activation during storage, while simultaneously preserving normal haemostatic function. Human platelets treated with resveratrol and stored for 5 d released less thromboxane B2 and prostaglandin E2 compared to control platelets. Resveratrol preserved the ability of platelets to aggregate, spread and respond to thrombin, suggesting an improved ability to activate post-storage. Utilizing an in vitro model of transfusion and thromboelastography, clot strength was improved with resveratrol treatment compared to conventionally stored platelets. The mechanism of resveratrol's beneficial actions on stored platelets was partly mediated through decreased platelet apoptosis in storage, resulting in a longer half-life following transfusion. Lastly, an in vivo mouse model of transfusion demonstrated that stored platelets are prothrombotic and that resveratrol delayed vessel occlusion time to a level similar to transfusion with fresh platelets. We show resveratrol has a dual ability to reduce unwanted platelet activation during storage, while preserving critical haemostatic function. PMID:26683619

  14. Air conditioning system with supplemental ice storing and cooling capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Kuo-Lianq; Weng, Kuo-Liang

    1998-01-01

    The present air conditioning system with ice storing and cooling capacity can generate and store ice in its pipe assembly or in an ice storage tank particularly equipped for the system, depending on the type of the air conditioning system. The system is characterized in particular in that ice can be produced and stored in the air conditioning system whereby the time of supplying cooled air can be effectively extended with the merit that the operation cycle of the on and off of the compressor can be prolonged, extending the operation lifespan of the compressor in one aspect. In another aspect, ice production and storage in great amount can be performed in an off-peak period of the electrical power consumption and the stored ice can be utilized in the peak period of the power consumption so as to provide supplemental cooling capacity for the compressor of the air conditioning system whereby the shift of peak and off-peak power consumption can be effected with ease. The present air conditioning system can lower the installation expense for an ice-storing air conditioning system and can also be applied to an old conventional air conditioning system.

  15. The Antecedents of Store Image and Customer Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Külter Demirgüneş

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Definition ofstore image is argued to be useful if it predicts phenomena such assatisfaction, loyalty, customer retention and other attitudinal and behavioraloutcomes. Previous researches show that customers are affected by the storeattributes and consider them to assess perceived benefits and attitudes. One ofthe biggest challenges for companies is to build a positive image. Knowing thealternatives which could be used to form a positive image is an importantissue.A positive image which iscreated in the customer’s mind about store is seen to have a strong andpositive influence on satisfaction. A satisfied customer is likely to be loyalto the store. Therefore, image and customer satisfaction gain importance in thestores which aim to survive.     This study focuses on store image, customer satisfaction and therelationship between them. The study primarily explains these two concepts, andthen provides a literature review on the researches related with them. The study presents researches in which store image andcustomer satisfaction are separately discussed, thus it also shows othervariables which can be influential on these concepts. Implications for bothstore image theory and practices are discussed. The literature review revealsthat store image plays an important role in customer satisfaction.  Sincemost of the studies in literature are based on retail industry, in this study‘store’ concept mostly refers to ‘retail store’.

  16. Pressure Systems Stored-Energy Threshold Risk Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paulsen, Samuel S.

    2009-08-25

    Federal Regulation 10 CFR 851, which became effective February 2007, brought to light potential weaknesses regarding the Pressure Safety Program at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The definition of a pressure system in 10 CFR 851 does not contain a limit based upon pressure or any other criteria. Therefore, the need for a method to determine an appropriate risk-based hazard level for pressure safety was identified. The Laboratory has historically used a stored energy of 1000 lbf-ft to define a pressure hazard; however, an analytical basis for this value had not been documented. This document establishes the technical basis by evaluating the use of stored energy as an appropriate criterion to establish a pressure hazard, exploring a suitable risk threshold for pressure hazards, and reviewing the methods used to determine stored energy. The literature review and technical analysis concludes the use of stored energy as a method for determining a potential risk, the 1000 lbf-ft threshold, and the methods used by PNNL to calculate stored energy are all appropriate. Recommendations for further program improvements are also discussed

  17. The retail store managers' role: Evidence from Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zairis, A.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that the retail manager's role is determinant for a store's performance, and there is abundant wisdom about how to be an outstanding manager or what are the characteristics of a successful retail manager, there is no detailed description about the store managers' role or their actual work. Furthermore, the continuous developments in the retail sector have established different roles and created higher levels of responsibility for store managers. The aim of the present paper is to empirically investigate the role of retail store managers in Greece and identify any potential differences in terms of personal characteristics, tasks and various job-related factors. For the purposes of this research a survey was conducted focusing on the sectors of apparel/footwear and food, in an attempt to explore any potential differences within the two divisions. The results revealed the profile of the Greek store managers (male, over the age of 40, with a secondary level of education and more than five years of work experience and their multi-factor role. The three major roles that they perform were labeled as: sales oriented, supervisor, and customer experience oriented. The research also indicated that the two most popular sub-sectors in the Greek retail industry employ different profile managers. The issues of work experience, job satisfaction and security were also analysed.

  18. Flight test of passive wing/store flutter suppression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazier, F. W., Jr.; Kehoe, M. W.

    1986-01-01

    Flight tests were performed on an F-16 airplane carrying on each wing an AIM-9J wingtip missile, a GBU-8 bomb near midspan, and an external fuel tank. Baseline flights with the GBU-8 mounted on a standard pylon established that this configuration is characterized by an antisymmetric limited amplitude flutter oscillation within the operational envelope. The airplane was then flown with GBU-8 mounted on the decoupler pylon. The decoupler pylon is a NASA concept of passive wing-store flutter suppression achieved by providing a low store-pylon pitch frequency. The decoupler pylon successfully suppressed wing-store flutter throughout the flight envelope. A 37 percent increase in flutter velocity over the standard pylon was demonstrated. Maneuvers with load factors to 4g were performed. Although the static store displacements during maneuvers were not sufficiently large to be of concern, a store pitch alignment system was tested and performed successfully. One GBU-8 was ejected demonstrating that weapon separation from the decoupler pylon is normal.

  19. Stored energy in fusion magnet materials irradiated at low temperatures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the power cycle of a fusion reactor, the radiation reaching the superconducting magnet system will produce an accumulation of immobile defects in the magnet materials. During a subsequent warm-up cycle of the magnet system, the defects will become mobile and interact to produce new defect configurations as well as some mutual defect annihilations which generate heat-the release of stored energy. This report presents a brief qualitative discussion of the mechanisms for the production and release of stored energy in irradiated materials, a theoretical analysis of the thermal response of irradiated materials, theoretical analysis of the thermal response of irradiated materials during warm-up, and a discussion of the possible impact of stored energy release on fusion magnet operation 20 refs

  20. Stored energies for electric and magnetic current densities

    CERN Document Server

    Jonsson, B L G

    2016-01-01

    Electric and magnetic current densities are an essential part of electromagnetic theory. The goal of the present paper is to define and investigate stored energies that are valid for structures that can support both electric and magnetic current densities. Stored energies normalized with the dissipated power give us the Q factor, or antenna Q, for the structure. Lower bounds of the Q factor provide information about the available bandwidth for passive antennas that can be realized in the structure. The definition that we propose is valid beyond the leading order small antenna limit. Our starting point is the energy density with subtracted far-field form which we obtain an explicit and numerically attractive current density representation. This representation gives us the insight to propose a coordinate independent stored energy. Furthermore, we find here that lower bounds on antenna Q for structures with e.g. electric dipole radiation can be formulated as convex optimization problems. We determine lower bound...

  1. Stored energy of a severely deformed interstitial free steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Ti-stabilised IF steel subjected to room temperature equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) for 8 passes, route BC was further cold rolled to 25, 50 and 95% thickness reductions. The evolution of bulk stored energy (350-600 J mol-1) and the associated thermal behaviour was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Local stored energy (5-140 J mol-1) was measured using microhardness, electron back-scattering diffraction (EBSD) and X-ray line profile analysis. The higher stored energy values via calorimetry correspond to energy release from all sources of strain in the material volume as well as Ti precipitation during annealing. An apparent activation energy of 500-550 J mol-1 suggests sluggish recrystallisation due to excess Ti in solid solution.

  2. How to Conduct Store Observations of Tobacco Marketing and Products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feld, Ashley L; Johnson, Trent O; Byerly, Katherine W; Ribisl, Kurt M

    2016-01-01

    As tobacco companies continue to heavily market their products at the point of sale, tobacco control groups seek strategies to combat the negative effects of this marketing. Store observations, which have been widely used by researchers and practitioners alike, are an excellent surveillance tool. This article provides a guide for public health practitioners interested in working in the tobacco retail environment by detailing the steps involved in conducting store observations of tobacco marketing and products including 1) obtaining tobacco product retailer lists, 2) creating measures, 3) selecting a mode of data collection, 4) training data collectors, and 5) analyzing data. We also highlight issues that may arise while in the field and provide information on disseminating results of store observations, including the potential policy implications. PMID:26890408

  3. The Effect of Music on Store Shopping: Mediating Role of the Time Spent of Customer in Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    seyyed hamid khodadad

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Competition issue in today’s market is not exclusively limited to manufacturing enterprises. Suppliers and especially big retailers are increasingly facing this challenging problem too. Regarding to the context of Iranian culture, big retailers are against very large number of small groceries that their successfully survival depends on how they operate intelligently. These kinds of retailers in order to attract customers and increase their shopping volume need to utilize new marketing methods to increase the amount of time spent in store and consequently increase the probability of shopping. One of these methods is playing music in store. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of music on customer shopping through the time spent by customer in store. The present study is a survey research in terms of method and an applied-developmental research. Rashtianshoppersof Rasht Big Stores are selected as statistical population. Results using path analysis approach reveals that the effect of music on customer shopping through the time spent in store is confirmed. On the other hand, there are numerous differences among customers with various demographic characteristics.

  4. Storing digital data using zero-compression method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Qawasmi, Abdel-Rahman; Al-Lawama, Aiman

    2008-01-01

    Zero-Compression Method (ZCM) is a simple and effective algorithm that can be used to compress the digital data which consists of a significant numbers of zeros. The method has the ability to encode and decode the data with high processing speed and it has the ability to recover the stored data with minimum error and minimum storage area. On the other hand, the ZCM may have a wide practical value in storing data extracted from ECG signals. The method is implemented for various types of signals such as textual data, wavelet subsignals, randomly generated signals and speech signals. In this paper the coding and decoding algorithm is presented.

  5. Brand patronage and loyalty patterns in store vs. manufacturer brands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krystallis, Athanasios; Chrysochou, Polymeros

    -described objective, panel data from the soft-drinks market in Greece are used, with the premise to investigate brand performance and loyalty of store brands. Observed loyalty measures are benchmarked against predictions from the Dirichlet model (Ehrenberg, Uncles and Goodhardt 2004). The aim of this work is, first......, to explore patronage between store and manufacturer brands; and second, to investigate loyalty patterns both at the overall soft drink category level, as well as on a set of selected soft-drink sub-categories (e.g. colas, mixers, etc.)...

  6. The control of stored rice pests by gamma irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advantages of nuclear energy application in pest control of foods are emphasized. The following topics are ruled out: grain production; food storage and infestation; entomological researches with insects of stored products, specially rice; researches carried out in Brazil with Sitophilus zeamais Mots and Sitophilus oryzae L.; moths of greater power; the methodology applied to the study of radiation sterilizing doses for woodworms, weevils and moths that infest grains and stored products; palatability-and wholesomeness assays and, at least, stock maintenance. (M.A.)

  7. Alpha low-level stored waste systems design study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Stored Waste System Design Study (SWSDS), commissioned by the Waste Technology Development Department at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), examines relative life-cycle costs associated with three system concepts for processing the alpha low-level waste (alpha-LLW) stored at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex's Transuranic Storage Area at the INEL. The three system concepts are incineration/melting; thermal treatment/solidification; and sort, treat, and repackage. The SWSDS identifies system functional and operational requirements and assesses implementability; effectiveness; cost; and demonstration, testing, and evaluation (DT ampersand E) requirements for each of the three concepts

  8. Fat balance in obese subjects: role of glycogen stores.

    OpenAIRE

    Schrauwen, P; van Marken Lichtenbelt, W.D.; Westerterp, K.R.

    1998-01-01

    Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. In a previous study, we showed that lean subjects are capable of rapidly adjusting fat oxidation to fat intake on a high-fat (HF) diet when glycogen stores are lowered by exhaustive exercise. However, it has been proposed that obese subjects have impaired fat oxidation. We therefore studied the effect of low glycogen stores on fat oxidation after a switch from a reduced-fat (RF) diet to an HF diet in obes...

  9. RETAIL STORE IMAGE: A STUDY OF THE CYPRUS CLOTHING INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Raghava Rao Gundala

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to identify (sector-specific) store image attributes and evaluate the strength and importance of the influence of each attribute on consumer purchasing decisions. It examines the impact of various socioeconomic or demographic variables on consumers’ evaluation of various store image attributes. 261 Cypriot consumers served as the convenient sample. Using ANOVA and F-test analysis, the t-values for the attributes were not significant at either the .05 or the .01 ...

  10. Relocation of radioactive residuals store: environment effects statement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Environment Effects Statement describes and assesses the likely environmental effects of the proposal to relocate the Health Commission's existing radioactive residuals store to a site within the established Dutson Downs waste disposal area, located 20 km south-east of Sale and 225 km east of Melbourne. The information presented demonstrates that the siting and construction of the proposed radioactive residuals store and the procedures to be adopted for the handling and storage of materials will not present an unacceptable risk to public health and safety, nor will it involve any significant adverse environmental effects

  11. Article of Clothing for Storing and Deploying a Scarf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Robert (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    A clothing article surrounds a wearer's upper torso. The article includes connected front portion, a collar. A sleeve is formed in the front portion. A jacket, and coat with an attachable/detachable scarf will be folded and stored in the inter portion of the front side of the collar area with elastic at each end and Velcro onto the inner portion of your collar, therefore eliminating the lost of them by any consumers, and especially children. A sleeve like collar attached to the coat and jacket for storing a scarf and making it easily deployable while in use.

  12. Analysis of Retailer Equity Based on Selected Store Image Dimensions (Case Study: Refah, CityCenter (HyperStar & Kowsar stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Mohammad Shafiee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Complex and dynamic stores environment causes customers have different perceptions to image and store products. Stores may be active in managing their images in customers mind. Desirable and powerful imagery from the store for customers creates value for retailers and customers. Retailer equity is manifested in awareness, association, perceived quality and loyalty towards the retailer. In this paper, the influence of dimensions of store image on retailer equity has been studied with a sample size of 250 customers of 3 convenience stores, Refah, complex of citycenter (HyperStar and Kowsar, with a questionnaire. 11 research hypotheses with path analysis model, with AMOS software had been evaluated. Results show the positive influence of 6 dimensions of store image on retailer equity and the positive influence of other dimensions of retailer equity on loyalty towards the retailer. According to the proposals, can adjust negative perceptions of store image customer to stores and maintain desired position.

  13. The Individual Association Between Food Store Types and Body Mass Index in Los Angeles County

    OpenAIRE

    Capone-Newton, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Using the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A. FANS), detailed individual-level data on shopping location, store name, and body mass index are analyzed to assess relationships between body mass index and food store types. The analysis groups similar store brands to create unique food store types, providing finer discrimination than industrial classification or annual sales volume. Seven food store types are created: English-language major supermarket chains, discount food stores...

  14. The Use Of A Digital Store To Provide Pulsed Fluoroscopy And Stored Images During Gastro-Intestinal Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynes, D. M.; Edmonds, E. W.; Rowlands, J. A.; Pack, W. W.

    1984-08-01

    A 512 X 512 digital store has replaced a video disc as a storage mechanism during pulsed fluoroscopy. This system, storing 1 TV field from a 1023 line signal following each pulse, is much more stable than the analog disc and can also reduce the fluoroscopic dose by 75%. This stability now makes the concept of pulsed fluoroscopy acceptable from the clinical point of view. Furthermore, the stored images on this matrix can resolve to 1.5 line pairs per mm, which produces useful permanent hard copy. This represents a further extension of clinical videofluorography, already developed by the authors. Its implementation for storage of gastro-intestinal examinations will be discussed, with assessment of the relationship of x-ray dose to image quality.

  15. Perceptions of Consumer Impulse Buying Behavior in the Super Store: A Case Study of Some Selected Super Store in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Md. Alauddin; Md. Musharof Hossain; Md. Ibrahim; Md Ariful Hoque

    2015-01-01

    Super stores are playing a key role in the field of shopping in Bangladesh. The popularity of super stores isincreasing day by day in our country and consumers are becoming more habituated to buying from here. Today’sconsumers are also very much concern about food items. They want fresh, hygienic and healthy foods. So, superstores have become a great source for the consumers to get these items of foods. This paper is an attempt toinvestigate the factors that affect consumer impulse buying beh...

  16. Investigations on stratification devices for hot water stores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Elsa; Furbo, Simon; Hampel, Matthias; Heidemann, Wolfgang; Müller-Steinhagen, Hans

    2008-01-01

    The significance of the thermal stratification for the energy efficiency of small solar-thermal hot water heat stores is pointed out. Exemplary the thermal stratification build-up with devices already marketed as well as with devices still in development has been investigated experimentally and...

  17. Storing, linking, and mining microarray databases using SRS.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Veldhoven (Antoine); D. de Lange (Don); M. Smid (Marcel); V. de Jager (Victor); J.A. Kors (Jan); G.W. Jenster (Guido)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: SRS (Sequence Retrieval System) has proven to be a valuable platform for storing, linking, and querying biological databases. Due to the availability of a broad range of different scientific databases in SRS, it has become a useful platform to incorporate and mine microarray

  18. Biology and management of psocids infesting stored products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Previously regarded as minor nuisance pests, psocids belonging to the genus Liposcelis are now a major problem for effective protection of stored-products world-wide. In this review we examine the apparent biological and operational reasons behind this phenomenon and why conventional pest management...

  19. Virtual and game-inspired approaches to concept store planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Kristian Emil; Tambo, Torben

    2012-01-01

    typically involve engagement from franchisers, landlord, chain management, visual merchandisers, architects and construction specialists. In this paper a system is presented and discussed for electronic modeling of concept store. The system is based on principles of computer games, gamification, to let the...

  20. Estimation of Energy Stores of Mentally Retarded Individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litchford, Mary Demarest

    1987-01-01

    The study sought to identify reliable measurements for estimating energy stores of retarded adults (N=80) and possible correlations between energy intakes and obesity. Among results were a lack of significant correlations between caloric intake and anthropometric measures (e.g., tricepts skinfold). Body mass index is suggested as a more practical…

  1. Search for Natural Antifeedants and Attractants for Stored Product Pests

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nawrot, J.; Winiecki, Z.; Szafranek, J.; Malinski, E.; Harmatha, Juraj

    Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 1996, s. 149-163. ISBN 92-871-3053-1. [International Forum on Stored Product Protection and Post - Harvest Treatment of Plant Products. Strasbourg (FR), 07.11.1995-08.11.1995] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA455404

  2. Structure for Storing Properties of Particles (PoP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evaluated nuclear databases are critical for applications such as nuclear energy, nuclear medicine, homeland security, and stockpile stewardship. Particle masses, nuclear excitation levels, and other “Properties of Particles” are essential for making evaluated nuclear databases. Currently, these properties are obtained from various databases that are stored in outdated formats. A “Properties of Particles” (PoP) structure is being designed that will allow storing all information for one or more particles in a single place, so that each evaluation, simulation, model calculation, etc. can link to the same data. Information provided in PoP will include properties of nuclei, gammas and electrons (along with other particles such as pions, as evaluations extend to higher energies). Presently, PoP includes masses from the Atomic Mass Evaluation version 2003 (AME2003), and level schemes and gamma decays from the Reference Input Parameter Library (RIPL-3). The data are stored in a hierarchical structure. An example of how PoP stores nuclear masses and energy levels will be presented here

  3. Storing the Electric Energy Produced by an AC Generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, P. Simeao; Lima, Ana Paula; Carvalho, Pedro Simeao

    2010-01-01

    Producing energy from renewable energy sources is nowadays a priority in our society. In many cases this energy comes as electric energy, and when we think about electric energy generators, one major issue is how we can store that energy. In this paper we discuss how this can be done and give some ideas for applications that can serve as a…

  4. On the operating unit size of load/store architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Bergstra; C.A. Middelburg

    2010-01-01

    We introduce a strict version of the concept of a load/store instruction set architecture in the setting of Maurer machines. We take the view that transformations on the states of a Maurer machine are achieved by applying threads as considered in thread algebra to the Maurer machine. We study how th

  5. The garden of the self-service store

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Larsen, Tino; Esbjerg, Lars

    2006-01-01

    As a result of the increased competition between self-service chains, retail managers to an increasing degree try to strengthen store identity and customer loyalty. Based on a broad range of consumer choice and environmental psychology theories, this article discusses a number of reasons why the ...

  6. Availability of Vending Machines and School Stores in California Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cisse-Egbuonye, Nafissatou; Liles, Sandy; Schmitz, Katharine E.; Kassem, Nada; Irvin, Veronica L.; Hovell, Melbourne F.

    2016-01-01

    Background: This study examined the availability of foods sold in vending machines and school stores in United States public and private schools, and associations of availability with students' food purchases and consumption. Methods: Descriptive analyses, chi-square tests, and Spearman product-moment correlations were conducted on data collected…

  7. BRAND PLACEMENT AND CONSUMER CHOICE: AN IN-STORE EXPERIMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Saevarsson, Hugi; Foxall, Gordon

    2009-01-01

    An in-store experiment was performed to investigate the effects of shelf placement (high, middle, low) on consumers' purchases of potato chips. Placement of potato chips on the middle shelf was associated with the highest percentage of purchases. The results confirm the importance of item placement as a factor in consumers' buying behavior.

  8. Observation of Field-Emission Dependence on Stored Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Jiahang; Antipov, Sergey P.; Baryshev, Sergey V.; Chen, Huaibi; Conde, Manoel; Doran, Darrell S.; Gai, Wei; Jing, Chunguang; Liu, Wanming; Power, John; Qiu, Jiaqi; Shi, Jiaru; Wang, Dan; Wang, Faya; Whiteford, Charles E.; Wisniewski, Eric; Xiao, Liling

    2015-12-01

    Field emission from a solid metal surface has been continuously studied for a century over macroscopic to atomic scales. It is general knowledge that, other than the surface properties, the emitted current is governed solely by the applied electric field. A pin cathode has been used to study the dependence of field emission on stored energy in an L -band rf gun. The stored energy was changed by adjusting the axial position (distance between the cathode base and the gun back surface) of the cathode while the applied electric field on the cathode tip is kept constant. A very strong correlation of the field-emission current with the stored energy has been observed. While eliminating all possible interfering sources, an enhancement of the current by a factor of 5 was obtained as the stored energy was increased by a factor of 3. It implies that under certain circumstances a localized field emission may be significantly altered by the global parameters in a system.

  9. On-site interim stores for spent fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since June 14 this year, the subject of a nuclear power consensus has been mentioned in the headlines less frequently than in past years. On that day, the government and operators of power plants agreed in Berlin on residual amounts of electricity to be produced and on management of the spent fuel elements of the nineteen German nuclear power plants. One sub-item under the heading of waste management, which continues to arouse debates not only at nuclear power plant sites despite the consensus reached, and which may become vitally important to the operation of plants, will be covered in more detail below: the construction of so-called decentralized interim stores. When present contracts with French and British firms on nuclear fuel reprocessing have been fulfilled and reprocessing has been phased out, these interim stores are to minimize the number of transports within Germany, a notorious source of general unrest, and are supposed to accommodate the spent fuel elements until a suitable repository will have been built where they can then be stored permanently. The whole development of a management concept for spent nuclear fuel in the Federal Republic of Germany, and the requirements to be met by decentralized interim stores, are explained in the article. The resultant standardized concept of dry interim cask storage is outlined in the light of its legal and technical criteria. Finally, the site-dependent variants of this concept are presented, and the status and the special features of the ongoing licensing procedures are explained. (orig.)

  10. Storing and Querying Probabilistic XML Using a Probabilistic Relational DBMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hollander, E.S.; Keulen, van M.

    2010-01-01

    This work explores the feasibility of storing and querying probabilistic XML in a probabilistic relational database. Our approach is to adapt known techniques for mapping XML to relational data such that the possible worlds are preserved. We show that this approach can work for any XML-to-relational

  11. Behavior, biology and ecology of stored fruit and nut insects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tree nuts and dried fruits vary widely in their quality as hosts for insect pests, but stored product pests can cause economic loss even in commodities that are generally poor hosts. Economic damage can be due to commodity consumed, but the very presence of insect body parts, frass, or webbing can c...

  12. Kreative ledere - store ideer gennem 30 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy

    2010-01-01

    Kreativitet påvirkes ligesom alt andet af den samfundsmæssige udvikling, men præcis hvordan ved vi ikke så meget om. Det er dog en udbredt opfattelse blandt kreative ledere selv, at reklamekreativiteten er faldet. Denne undersøgelse bygger på interview med kreative ledere fra store og mellemstore...

  13. Tracking the Development of Muscular Myoglobin Stores in Mysticete Calves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartwright, Rachel; Newton, Cori; West, Kristi M; Rice, Jim; Niemeyer, Misty; Burek, Kathryn; Wilson, Andrew; Wall, Alison N; Remonida-Bennett, Jean; Tejeda, Areli; Messi, Sarah; Marcial-Hernandez, Lila

    2016-01-01

    For marine mammals, the ability to tolerate apnea and make extended dives is a defining adaptive trait, facilitating the exploitation of marine food resources. Elevated levels of myoglobin within the muscles are a consistent hallmark of this trait, allowing oxygen collected at the surface to be stored in the muscles and subsequently used to support extended dives. In mysticetes, the largest of marine predators, details on muscular myoglobin levels are limited. The developmental trajectory of muscular myoglobin stores has yet to be documented and any physiological links between early behavior and the development of muscular myoglobin stores remain unknown. In this study, we used muscle tissue samples from stranded mysticetes to investigate these issues. Samples from three different age cohorts and three species of mysticetes were included (total sample size = 18). Results indicate that in mysticete calves, muscle myoglobin stores comprise only a small percentage (17-23%) of conspecific adult myoglobin complements. Development of elevated myoglobin levels is protracted over the course of extended maturation in mysticetes. Additionally, comparisons of myoglobin levels between and within muscles, along with details of interspecific differences in rates of accumulation of myoglobin in very young mysticetes, suggest that levels of exercise may influence the rate of development of myoglobin stores in young mysticetes. This new information infers a close interplay between the physiology, ontogeny and early life history of young mysticetes and provides new insight into the pressures that may shape adaptive strategies in migratory mysticetes. Furthermore, the study highlights the vulnerability of specific age cohorts to impending changes in the availability of foraging habitat and marine resources. PMID:26788728

  14. A MODULAR STORE FOR DRUMS OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sims, J.; Holden, G.

    2003-02-27

    Currently, the United Kingdom has no facility for the disposal of any waste above the low level category, indicating that all intermediate and high level waste, apart from spent fuel, has to be stored on the site of origin. To meet this storage requirement, nuclear sites are resorting to converting existing buildings or contemplating the construction of dedicated facilities, resulting in considerable cost implications. These financing aspects not only concern the construction strategy but also impinge on the ultimate decommissioning costs associated with each particular nuclear site. This paper reports on an investigation to apply the commercially available interlocking hollow block system to the design of a store for drums of radioactive waste. This block system can be quickly, and cost effectively, erected and filled with a choice of dense material. Later, the store can be dismantled with a minimum of disposable radioactive waste and the complete facility re - erected at another location if required, considerably reducing both capital construction and decommissioning costs. The investigation also encompassed a detailed review of the equipment required to place the drums of waste into the store, resulting in a scheme for a remotely operated vehicle that did not rely on umbilical control cables. The drum handler design included for 100% redundancy of all functions, meaning that whichever component failed, the handler was always recoverable to effect the necessary repair. The ultimate aim of the waste drum store review was to produce a facility that was as safe as a conventionally constructed unit, but at a lower overall building and decommissioning cost.

  15. Evaluating Internal and External Factors of Chain Store for Improvement in Iran: A Case Study (Etka Chain Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Aghaei

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to extract main indicators for review the internal and external dimensions of Etka chain stores and after the studying the organizational documentation and with using of the customer reviews, was determined the position of Etka chain stores in attractiveness and capabilities matrix. For any organization in any level, it is important to determine its position compared to competitors in terms of attractiveness and capabilities. Considering now that the "Etka chain stores" are the largest supplier of goods and services in Iran and in order to its mission tries to improve the processes of supply, storage, distribution, sales and after sales services company with an economic approach. According to peripheral changes in different dimensions of economic, political, social and also with the emergence fundamental paradigm in business such as service businesses, penetration of IT in business like E-commerce, the answer to this question is important “Where is the position of Etka chain stores in this industry?”. The data collection method is using the questionnaires. Finally the customer reviews have been analyzed.

  16. Perceptions of Consumer Impulse Buying Behavior in the Super Store: A Case Study of Some Selected Super Store in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Alauddin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Super stores are playing a key role in the field of shopping in Bangladesh. The popularity of super stores isincreasing day by day in our country and consumers are becoming more habituated to buying from here. Today’sconsumers are also very much concern about food items. They want fresh, hygienic and healthy foods. So, superstores have become a great source for the consumers to get these items of foods. This paper is an attempt toinvestigate the factors that affect consumer impulse buying behavior at superstores in Bangladesh. Surveymethodology was used to collect the data from 100 respondents by adopting simple random sampling technique.The study found that many factors were responsible for this changing buying behavior such as: in storeatmosphere, point of purchase display, convenience, location, product characteristics, product quality,availability of branded items, store size, store image, variety seeking, discounts, stock outs, packaging, in storedisplay etc. All of the characteristics are subject to consideration while making a purchase. Specifically plannedpurchase, generally planned purchase, substitute products all have an impact on impulse buying. The paper willbe useful for marketing practitioners and researchers towards comprehensive understanding of the consumer’simpulsiveness.

  17. Presenting a Framework for Ranking Identification System in the Chain Store: Real Case Study of the Iran SHAHRVAND Department Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Pilevari

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to specify and rank the appropriate automatic identifying goods system for a real case of a department store (Shahrvand department store. The ideas of the experts about the most appropriate identifying goods system in the department store are evaluated and collected by the brainstorming method, the three types of identification system which are specified by the brainstorming method are: RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification, Barcode and OCR (Optical Character Recognition. In order to ranking the achieved automatic identification systems and helping the management of the department store for decision making, the promethee (Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluations method is selected which has the most conformity with this research between the all MCDM (Multi Criteria Decision Making method. Therefore, by consideration of two approaches: “efficiency of identification systems” and “convenience of customer purchase” eight criteria are extracted for ranking the identification system. Finally, the RFID system is preferred to other automatic identifying good systems by the used method in the research.

  18. Safety consequences of the release of radiation induced stored energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the disposal of HLW in a salt formation gamma energy will be deposited in the rock salt. Most of this energy will be converted into heat, whilst a small part will create defects in the salt crystals. Energy is stored in the damaged crystals. Due to uncertainties in the models and differences in the disposal concepts the estimated values for the stored energy range from 10 to 1000 J/g in the most heavily damaged crystals close to the waste containers. The amount of radiation damage decays exponentially with increasing distance from the containers and at distances larger than 0.2 m the stored energy can be neglected. Given the uncertainties in the model predictions and in the possible release mechanism an instantaneous release of stored energy cannot be excluded completely. Therefore the thermo-mechanical consequences of a postulated instantaneous release of an extremely high amount of radiation induced stored energy have been estimated. These estimations are based on the quasi-static solutions for line and point sources. To account for the dynamic effects and the occurrence of fractures an amplification factor has been derived from mining experience with explosives. A validation of this amplification factor has been given using post experimental observations of two nuclear explosions in a salt formation. For some typical disposal concepts in rock salt the extent of the fractured zone has been estimated. It appeared that the radial extent of the fractured zone is limited to 5 m. Given the much larger distance between the individual boreholes and the distance between the boreholes and the boundary of the salt formation (more than 100 m), the probability of a release of radiation induced stored energy creating a pathway for the nuclides from the containers to the groundwater, is extremely low. The radiological consequences of a groundwater intrusion scenario induced by this very unprobable pathway are bounded by the 'standard' groundwater intrusion

  19. Are there multiple visual short-term memory stores?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilja G Sligte

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Classic work on visual short-term memory (VSTM suggests that people store a limited amount of items for subsequent report. However, when human observers are cued to shift attention to one item in VSTM during retention, it seems as if there is a much larger representation, which keeps additional items in a more fragile VSTM store. Thus far, it is not clear whether the capacity of this fragile VSTM store indeed exceeds the traditional capacity limits of VSTM. The current experiments address this issue and explore the capacity, stability, and duration of fragile VSTM representations. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We presented cues in a change-detection task either just after off-set of the memory array (iconic-cue, 1,000 ms after off-set of the memory array (retro-cue or after on-set of the probe array (post-cue. We observed three stages in visual information processing 1 iconic memory with unlimited capacity, 2 a four seconds lasting fragile VSTM store with a capacity that is at least a factor of two higher than 3 the robust and capacity-limited form of VSTM. Iconic memory seemed to depend on the strength of the positive after-image resulting from the memory display and was virtually absent under conditions of isoluminance or when intervening light masks were presented. This suggests that iconic memory is driven by prolonged retinal activation beyond stimulus duration. Fragile VSTM representations were not affected by light masks, but were completely overwritten by irrelevant pattern masks that spatially overlapped the memory array. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We find that immediately after a stimulus has disappeared from view, subjects can still access information from iconic memory because they can see an after-image of the display. After that period, human observers can still access a substantial, but somewhat more limited amount of information from a high-capacity, but fragile VSTM that is overwritten when new items are presented

  20. A Comparison of Consumersâ Store Patronage Between South Korea and the United States: Suggestions for the Marketing Strategy of the South Korean Discount Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sook-Hyun

    2000-01-01

    Since 1997, the retail industry of South Korea has suffered a decline in sales due to the nationâ s financial crisis. Because of the increase of price consciousness, discount stores have become the stores most attractive to South Korean consumers. The purpose of this study was to (a) compare the differences between South Korean and the U.S. consumers in demographics, shopping orientation, perception of the importance of store and product attributes, and store evaluation, satisfaction and pat...

  1. The technical concept of a temporary store for fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the German federal government's opinion, interim storage on the sites of nuclear power plants of spent fuel elements is to minimize the number of transports within Germany. As a span of approximately five years must be bridged until the interim stores now planned and filed for will be commissioned and, at the same time, transport activities are to be reduced, a kind of anticipated interim storage, or temporary storage, on power plant sites is unavoidable. The concept for the temporary storage of spent fuel elements is described in the article. On the basis of this concept, the Neckar Joint Nuclear Power Station recently was awarded a storage permit for nuclear fuels under Sec. 6 of the German Atomic Energy Act. Temporary stores following the same concept have been filed for, and are now in the licensing procedure, for another four sites (Philippsburg, Biblis, Kruemmel, Brunsbuettel). (orig.)

  2. Economics of integrated insect management in stored corn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigezu, Yigezu A; Alexander, Corinne E; Preckel, Paul V; Maier, D E; Mason, L J; Woloshuk, C; Lawrence, J; Moog, D J

    2010-10-01

    Insects can cause substantial damage to stored grain. In addition, consumers and therefore food processors are increasingly interested in chemical-free products. Integrated pest management (IPM) may increase farmers' profits while reducing their use of pesticides. This study uses a stochastic dynamic programming framework to model the economics of optimal insect control in corn, Zea mays L., stored on-farm with multiple controls conditional on the biophysical conditions of the grain in the bin. We find that for farmers who have a contract with a food processor, where there are quality premiums, the optimal management strategy depends on monitoring the biophysical conditions of the grain and the time period under consideration. For farmers who deliver to the commodity market, their current practices are optimal. PMID:21061994

  3. Generating Customer Profiles for Retail Stores Using Clustering Tech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Prasad,

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The retail industry collects huge amounts of data on sales, customer buying history, goods transportation, consumption, and service. With increased availability and ease of use of modern computing technology and e-commerce, the availability and popularity of such businesses has grown rapidly. Many retail stores have websites where customers can make online purchases. These factors have resulted in increase in the quantity of the data collected. For this reason, the retail industry is a major application area for data mining. This paper elaborates upon the use of the data mining technique of clustering to segment customer profiles for a retail store. Retail data mining can help identify customer buying patterns and behaviours, improve customer service for better customer satisfaction and hence retention.

  4. Re-designing Retail Stores with Mobile and Wireless Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Mangiaracina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobile and wireless (M&W technologies have great potential to improve process efficiency and effectiveness within retail stores, but their application is still very limited. One of the main reasons explaining this situation is considered to be the lack of confidence in the actual benefits and, therefore, in the return on investment. As a matter of facts, activities in this context are characterised by great variety and non‐standardised execution and as such the assessment of the costs and benefits of M&W solutions is more difficult than for the upstream tiers of the fast moving consumer goods supply chain (e.g., distribution centres. This paper attempts to provide a contribution for researchers and practitioners by presenting an analytical model to assess the profitability related to investments in multiple M&W solutions for retail stores, thus supporting the decision‐ making process.

  5. Development of the stored waste autonomous mobile inspector (SWAMI II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mobile robot system called the Stored Waste Autonomous Mobile Inspector (SWAMI) is under development by the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) Robotics Group of Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC) to perform mandated inspections of waste drums stored in warehouse facilities. The system will reduce personnel exposure to potential hazards and create accurate, high-quality documentation to ensure regulatory compliance and enhance waste management operations. Development work is coordinated among several Department of Energy (DOE), academic, and commercial entities in accordance with DOE's technology transfer initiative. The prototype system, SWAMI I, was demonstrated at Savannah River Site (SRS) in November, 1993. SWAMI II is now under development for field trials at the Fernald site

  6. Controlled processing of signal stored in metamaterial with tripod structure

    CERN Document Server

    Zielińska-Raczyńska, S

    2016-01-01

    In the present paper we have discussed in detail electromagnetically induced transparency and signal storing in the case of one signal pulses propagating in a classical electric medium resembling this of four-level atoms in the tripod configuration. Our theoretical results confirm recently observed dependence of transparency windows position on coupling parameters. In the process of storing the pulse energy is confined inside the metamaterial as electric charge oscillations and after required time it is possible to switch the control fields on again and to release the trapped signal. By manipulating the driving fields one can thus control the parameters of the released signal and even to divide it on demand into arbitrary parts.

  7. Adenosine triphosphate restoration and discocytic transformation of stored human erythrocytes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watanabe,Shinsaku

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Erythrocytes in human blood stored for 120 days were collected by centrifugation after dispersion in buffered physiological saline. The aged erythrocytes thus collected were incubated with inosine, adenine, glucose or other media, and their shapes and ATP levels were studied by scanning electron microscopy and a luciferine-luciferase method. The aged erythrocytes incubated in a mixture of adenine and inosine markedly regained their ATP levels, and also showed a marked transformation from spiked spherocytes to normal discocytes. Incubation with inosine alone restored ATP levels of the aged erythrocytes to some extent, but did not result in morphological rejuvenation. Incubation in a mixture of citrate and glucose caused morphological rejuvenation, though it restored ATP levels less effectively than incubation in inosine alone. Incubation with adenine alone neither restored ATP levels nor resulted in morphological rejuvenation of the stored erythrocytes.

  8. Review of nonchemical methods for controlling stored products pests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fumigation of stored products with methyl bromide has been an important means of limiting the loss of quality and quantity of these commodities that are subject to attack by cosmopolitan stored product pests. Methyl bromide was identified as a substance depleting ozone, and is expected to be withdrawn from production, importation, and use in Poland and other countries soon after 2000. Based on the current knowledge, most of alternatives to methyl bromide (controlled atmospheres, heat, cold, irradiation, biotechnical methods, inert dusts, biological methods, sanitation) have researchable gaps or other constraints. None of these alternatives used alone will replace methyl bromide. Successful pest control in the absence of methyl bromide will require the development of sophisticated pest monitoring and decision support systems to enable the use of integrated pest management strategies. (author)

  9. Changes in potassium and sodium concentrations in stored blood

    OpenAIRE

    Opoku-Okrah, Clement; Acquah, Benjamin Kojo Safo; Dogbe, Elliot Eli

    2015-01-01

    Potassium is the principal intracellular cation with sodium being the principal extracellular cation. Maintenance of the distribution of potassium and sodium between the intracellular and the extracellular compartments relies on several homeostatic mechanisms. This study analysed the effect of blood storage on the concentrations of potassium and sodium in stored blood and also determine any variations that may exist in their concentrations. 50mls of blood was sampled each from 28 units of eve...

  10. Microbial contamination of stored hydrocarbon fuels and its control

    OpenAIRE

    Gaylarde Christine C.; Bento Fátima M.; Kelley Joan

    1999-01-01

    The major microbial problem in the petroleum refining industry is contamination of stored products, which can lead to loss of product quality, formation of sludge and deterioration of pipework and storage tanks, both in the refinery and at the end-user. Three major classes of fuel are discussed in this article - gasoline, aviation kerosene and diesel, corresponding to increasingly heavy petroleum fractions. The fuel that presents the most serious microbiological problems is diesel. The many m...

  11. Consumer Buying Behavior Towards Online Shopping Stores in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Salehi

    2011-01-01

    The Internet as a global medium is quickly gaining interest and attractiveness as the most revolutionary marketing tool. The global nature of communication and shopping has as well redefined, seeing that it is the perfect vehicle for online shopping stores. Online convenient shop is mostly reflected in shorter time and less energy spent, including shipping cost reduction, less crowd and queues than real markets, unlimited time and space, which all increase convenience of shopping. Internet sh...

  12. Assessing the brand effect on the efficiency of retailing stores

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Clara B.; Camanho, Ana

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the differences in performance between two groups of grocery stores that operate with different brands. The study develops a Malmquist-type index to distinguish internal inefficiencies from those associated with the group (or brand) characteristics. A fundamental characteristic of the new index is to compare groups in a static setting. The study described in this paper combines the use of a Malmquist-type index with statistical testes. The Malmquist-type index is decompose...

  13. Storing meat products without refrigeration for several years

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiation sterilization (radappertization) can be used successfully to store ham, bacon, pork, pork sausage, beef, corned beef, chicken, codfish cakes, and shrimp for long periods under non-refrigerated conditions. he technical feasibility of using ionizing radiations to preserve such highly perishable protein foods has been proven under the U.S. Army Radiation Preservation of Foods Programme, and technology is far enough advanced to carry this out. (author)

  14. Microparticles in Stored RBC as Potential Mediators of Transfusion Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Jy, Wenche; Ricci, Marco; Shariatmadar, Sherry; Gomez-Marin, Orlando; Horstman, Lawrence H; Ahn, Yeon S

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews evidence for the involvement of cell-derived microparticles (MP) in transfusion-related adverse events. The controversy concerning possible added risk of older vs. fresher stored blood is also reviewed, and is consistent with the hypothesis that MP are involved with adverse events. Although all types of circulating MP are discussed, the emphasis is on red cell-derived MP (RMP). The evidence is particularly strong for involvement of RMP in transfusion-related acute lung in...

  15. Critiquing based on computer-stored medical records

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Lei, Johan

    1991-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this study was the creation of a model for critiquing based on data obtained from computer-stored medical records. The underlying assumption is that data obtained from automated medical records can be used to generate a medically relevant critique. To validate our ideas, we developed a system, HyperCritic, that critiques the decision making of general practitioners (GPs) caring for patients with hypertension

  16. Health food store recommendations: implications for breast cancer patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many breast cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We aimed to determine what advice health food store employees present to individuals seeking treatment options for breast cancer. Eight data gatherers asked employees of all retail health food stores in a major Canadian city, what they recommended for a patient with breast cancer. The data gatherers inquired about product safety, potential drug interactions, costs and efficacy. They also enquired about employee training related to the products. Thirty-four stores were examined. A total of 33 different products were recommended, none of which are supported by sufficient evidence of efficacy. The average cost of the products they recommended was $58.09 (CAD) (minimum $5.28, median $32.99, maximum $600) per month. Twenty-three employees (68%) did not ask whether the patient took prescription medications. Fifteen employees (44%) recommended visiting a healthcare professional (naturopaths (9), physicians (5), nutritionists (1). Three employees (8.8%) discussed potential adverse effects of the products. Eight employees (23.5%) discussed the potential for drug interactions. Two employees (5.9%) suggested a possible cure with the products and one employee (2.9%) suggested discontinuing Tamoxifen. Four employees (11.8%) recommended lifestyle changes and three employees (8.8%) recommended books for further reading on the products. This study draws attention to the heterogeneity of advice provided by natural health food stores to individuals seeking treatments for breast cancer, and the safety and cost implications of some of the products recommended. Physicians should enquire carefully about the use of natural health food products by patients with breast cancer. Regulators need to consider regulations to protect vulnerable patients from incurring significant costs in their purchasing of natural health food products lacking evidence of benefit and of questionable safety

  17. Android App Store (Google Play) Mining and Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    MOHAMMAD TAFIQUR, RAHMAN

    2013-01-01

    The aim of mining and analysis of Apps in Google Play, the largest Android app store, is to provide in-depth insight on the hidden properties of the repository to app developers or app market contributors. This approach can help them to view the current circumstances of the market and make valuable decisions before releasing products. To perform this analysis, all available features (descriptions of the app, app developer information, app version, updating date, category, number of download, ...

  18. Re-designing Retail Stores with Mobile and Wireless Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Riccardo Mangiaracina; Alessandro Perego; Angela Tumino

    2012-01-01

    Mobile and wireless (M&W) technologies have great potential to improve process efficiency and effectiveness within retail stores, but their application is still very limited. One of the main reasons explaining this situation is considered to be the lack of confidence in the actual benefits and, therefore, in the return on investment. As a matter of facts, activities in this context are characterised by great variety and non‐standardised execution and as such the assessment of the costs and be...

  19. Mining the Change of the Quality of Stored Grain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHANG Zhi-gen; LOU Wei; ZHOU Wei-min

    2006-01-01

    The quality of grain changes continually during its storage,including the change of its physical characteristics and physiological characteristics. This paper presents an approach to predict the change of the quality of stored grain with data mining technology. Logistic Regression, Decision Tree and Multilayer Perceptron are applied to predict the change of the grains' quality control index and to obtain the grains' quality change probability. The grain sampling with higher probability can be processed earlier.

  20. Storing and Querying Historical Texts in a Relational Database

    OpenAIRE

    Faulstich, Lukas C.; Leser, Ulf; Lüdeling, Anke

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes an approach for storing and querying a large corpus of linguistically annotated historical texts in a relational database management system. Texts in such a corpus have a complex structure consisting of multiple text layers that are richly annotated and aligned to each other. Modeling and managing such corpora poses various challenges not present in simpler text collections. In particular, it is a difficult task to design and efficiently implemen...

  1. Developing an online store for a startup apparel business

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan, Rakibul

    2013-01-01

    A young entrepreneur is planning to open an online apparel store. In the Asian immigrants’ community in Finland, ceremonial clothes are an important part of any celebration. However, there are no such clothes shops in Finland where to buy these clothes. The demand for these ceremonial clothes is increasing due to the increasing number of Asian immigrants and the growing interest of the local people in these garments. This thesis project covers the preliminary steps as for starting an online b...

  2. Impact of farm waste stores on groundwater quality. Final report

    OpenAIRE

    Gooddy, D.C.; Hughes, A. G.; Armstrong, A. C.; Williams, A. T.; K. J. Griffiths; Nicholson, R. A.; Williams, J. W.; Jones, H.K.; Chilton, P J

    2000-01-01

    This report details the findings of a three year study into the impacts of farm waste stores on groundwater quality. This is a joint project between the British Geological Survey and ADAS and began in April 1997. Funding has been from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Environment, Fisheries and International Science Division, under contract number WA0517 as part of their ongoing research and development programme into farm wastes. Unlined earth-banked farm slurry...

  3. Coset decomposition method for storing and decoding fingerprint data

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Sayed

    2014-01-01

    Biometrics such as fingerprints, irises, faces, voice, gait and hands are often used for access control, authentication and encryption instead of PIN and passwords. In this paper a syndrome decoding technique is proposed to provide a secure means of storing and matching various biometrics data. We apply an algebraic coding technique called coset decomposition to the model of fingerprint biometrics. The algorithm which reveals the matching between registered and probe fingerprints is modeled a...

  4. Radiotracer studies of pesticide residues in stored products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The current programme was initiated in 1983 and was designed to assist scientists of developing Member States to make safe and effective use of radiotracer techniques for studying pesticide residue problems in stored products. This report represents an appraisal of a group of studies with particular emphasis given to terminal residues at the time of human consumption. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 12 papers

  5. INFORMATION SYSTEM IN STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF ONLINE STORE

    OpenAIRE

    Leontieva, Lidia; Zuka, Abduljabbar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this essay is to address several aspects in order to understand the importance of information management systems operation, improve the quality of business service that based on information technology like online stores, and enhance the level of management of information systems. Information management System (IMS) effectiveness assessment is an important issue for the organizations as IMS have become critical for their survival. With the incorporation of Internet technologies ...

  6. Communities Putting Prevention to Work: The Healthy Corner Store Initiative

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2013-07-18

    This podcast is an interview with Dr. Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Associate Professor in the Department of Public Health at East Carolina University. Dr. Pitts answers questions about her study involving a healthy corner store initiative in North Carolina.  Created: 7/18/2013 by Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 7/18/2013.

  7. Susceptibility of Stored-Product Psocids to Aerosol Insecticides

    OpenAIRE

    Opit, George P.; Arthur, Frank H.; Throne, James E.; Payton, Mark E.

    2012-01-01

    The efficacies of commercial methoprene and esfenvalerate aerosols for control of stored-product psocid pests were evaluated in simulated field studies. The efficacies of methoprene, esfenvalerate EC, the carrier Isopar-M™, and a combination of methoprene and esfenvalerate aerosols for control of Liposcelis decolor (Pearman) (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) and Liposcelis entomophila (Enderlein) nymphs were assessed, and the effects of direct and indirect exposure of Liposcelis bostrychophila Bad...

  8. The Geographic Concentration of Retail Stores: Trends and Determinants

    OpenAIRE

    Gu, Yizhen

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation mainly assesses the relative importance of two mechanisms–consumer searching and cost sharing for the spatial concentration of retail stores. I first present a simple model of firms’ location choice and consumers’ shopping destination choice. This model shows how both mechanisms promote the agglomeration of retail firms. The degree of retail agglomeration, measured by Ripley’s K function, increases with the importance of consumer searching and with the benefits from scale ec...

  9. The safety of storing nuclear wastes in salt domes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors critically consider the safety aspects of storing high-level radioactive wastes in salt domes, emphasising and discussing the following two viewpoints: 1) Even if storage is scientifically and technically possible, there is no suitable salt dome either in the Netherlands or in the North Sea. 2) Present technical and scientific knowledge is still insufficient for judging the feasibility of a project for such storage. (C.F.)

  10. Reading, storing and statistical calculation of weight data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schliack, M

    1987-02-01

    A BASIC program is described which reads and computes weight data. Tara and gross weight data are read from an analytical balance. The net weights are calculated and stored on a disc. A statistical test (e.g. unpaired t-test or unpaired Wilcoxon test) can then be carried out with the weight data. The program calculates a descriptive statistic before the tests. PMID:3829652

  11. New methods alternative to methyl bromide in stored product protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several tools are available for managing insect pests associated with stored products and processed foods. A effective use of pesticides and alternatives requires a thorough understanding of pest ecology, the application of pesticides only when pest populations exceed acceptable levels and an evaluation of risks, costs and benefits. At this regard, the Integrated Pest Management concept emphasizes the integration of disciplines and control measures including biological enemies, cultural management, sanitation, modified atmospheres, heat and cold, irradiation and pesticides into a total management system

  12. Phthalates and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in retail stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ying; Liang, Yirui; Urquidi, Jorge R.; Siegel, Jeffrey A.

    2014-04-01

    Retail stores contain a wide range of products that can emit a variety of indoor pollutants. Among these chemicals, phthalate esters and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are two important categories, because they are extensively used as additives in consumer products and associated with serious health concerns. This study measured six phthalate and 14 PBDE compounds inside of 12 retail stores in Texas and Pennsylvania, U.S. Phthalates and PBDEs were widely found in the retail environment, indicating that they are ubiquitous indoor air pollutants. DEP, DnBP, and DEHP were the most abundant phthalates, with DnBP showing the highest concentration (0.23 ± 0.36 μg m-3). PBDEs were dominated by BDE-28, -99, and -209, having concentrations as high as 0.85 ± 1.99 ng m-3 (BDE-99). The levels of phthalates and PBDEs measured in this study are comparable to concentrations found in previous investigations of residential buildings, with phthalates showing lower concentrations and PBDEs exhibiting higher concentrations in retail stores. The potential co-occurrence of phthalates was not as strong as that of PBDEs, suggesting that phthalates might have more diverse sources. Whole building emission rates were calculated and showed similar patterns of variations as indoor air concentrations, suggestion the diversity of indoor sources of phthalates and PBDEs in retail environments.

  13. Research of an Online Service System for Beverages Chain Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Yao Lo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the highly competitive market, the availability of consumer support is the key to market-based beverage stores. Consumer demands for quality service so the industry must be more active to improve the quality of management to ensure that beverage market position. In order to allow market competition to be improved for the beverage store. Approach: The system builds an information network using web-based system provides operators and consumers a direct interaction. Enter the phone number provided by the consumer via the Send Message System (SMS verification code to obtain the online ordering drinks service. Using the Internet Information Technology makes the real-time order so that consumers can enjoy easy ordering and comfortable environment. Results: Using this internet beverage ordering system the online consumers can enjoy the choice of ordering drinks. This internet beverage ordering system would also build some databases to support, such as beverage type database, order database, outgoing regional database, these databases information will enable the industry to conduct drinks promotion strategy adjustments. Conclusion: This study uses cell phone number to enable consumers to obtain authentication codes via SMS. Necessary to convert the current beverage stores different marketing approach, through the information network and Web page interactivity, so that consumers would feel very interesting and fresh.

  14. Operation of the Australian Store.Synchrotron for macromolecular crystallography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, Grischa R. [Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Aragão, David; Mudie, Nathan J.; Caradoc-Davies, Tom T. [Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); McGowan, Sheena; Bertling, Philip J.; Groenewegen, David; Quenette, Stevan M. [Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Bond, Charles S. [The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley 6009, Western Australia (Australia); Buckle, Ashley M. [Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Androulakis, Steve, E-mail: steve.androulakis@monash.edu [Monash Bioinformatics Platform, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

    2014-10-01

    The Store.Synchrotron service, a fully functional, cloud computing-based solution to raw X-ray data archiving and dissemination at the Australian Synchrotron, is described. The Store.Synchrotron service, a fully functional, cloud computing-based solution to raw X-ray data archiving and dissemination at the Australian Synchrotron, is described. The service automatically receives and archives raw diffraction data, related metadata and preliminary results of automated data-processing workflows. Data are able to be shared with collaborators and opened to the public. In the nine months since its deployment in August 2013, the service has handled over 22.4 TB of raw data (∼1.7 million diffraction images). Several real examples from the Australian crystallographic community are described that illustrate the advantages of the approach, which include real-time online data access and fully redundant, secure storage. Discoveries in biological sciences increasingly require multidisciplinary approaches. With this in mind, Store.Synchrotron has been developed as a component within a greater service that can combine data from other instruments at the Australian Synchrotron, as well as instruments at the Australian neutron source ANSTO. It is therefore envisaged that this will serve as a model implementation of raw data archiving and dissemination within the structural biology research community.

  15. Molecular modulators of store-operated calcium entry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Jose J; Albarran, Letizia; Gómez, Luis J; Smani, Tarik; Salido, Gines M; Rosado, Juan A

    2016-08-01

    Three decades ago, store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) was identified as a unique mechanism for Ca(2+) entry through plasma membrane (PM) Ca(2+)-permeable channels modulated by the intracellular Ca(2+) stores, mainly the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Extensive analysis of the communication between the ER and the PM leads to the identification of the protein STIM1 as the ER-Ca(2+) sensor that gates the Ca(2+) channels in the PM. Further analysis on the biophysical, electrophysiological and biochemical properties of STIM1-dependent Ca(2+) channels has revealed the presence of a highly Ca(2+)-selective channel termed Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) channel (CRAC), consisting of Orai1 subunits, and non-selective cation channels named store-operated channels (SOC), including both Orai1 and TRPC channel subunits. Since the identification of the key elements of CRAC and SOC channels a number of intracellular modulators have been reported to play essential roles in the stabilization of STIM-Orai interactions, collaboration with STIM1 conformational changes or mediating slow Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation. Here, we review our current understanding of some of the key modulators of STIM1-Orai1 interaction, including the proteins CRACR2A, STIMATE, SARAF, septins, golli and ORMDL3. PMID:27130253

  16. SIMULATIONS OF THE AGS MMPS STORING ENERGY IN CAPACITOR BANKS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brookhaven AGS Main Magnet Power Supply (MMPS) is a thyristor control supply rated at 5500 Amps, +/-9000 Volts. The peak magnet power is 50 MWatts. The power supply is fed from a motor/generator manufactured by Siemens. The generator is 3 phase 7500 Volts rated at 50 MVA. The peak power requirements come from the stored energy in the rotor of the motor/generator. The motor generator is about 45 years old, made by Siemens and it is not clear if companies will be manufacturing similar machines in the future. We are therefore investigating different ways of storing energy for future AGS MMPS operations. This paper will present simulations of a power supply where energy is stored in capacitor banks. Two dc to dc converters will be presented along with the control system of the power section. The switching elements will be IGCT's made by ABB. The simulation program used is called PSIM version 6.1. The average power from the local power authority into the power supply will be kept constant during the pulsing of the magnets at +/-50 MW. The reactive power will also be kept constant below 1.5 MVAR. Waveforms will be presented

  17. SIMULATIONS OF THE AGS MMPS STORING ENERGY IN CAPACITOR BANKS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MARNERIS,I.; BADEA, V.S.; BONATI, R.; ROSER, T.; SANDBERG, J.

    2007-06-25

    The Brookhaven AGS Main Magnet Power Supply (MMPS) is a thyristor control supply rated at 5500 Amps, +/-9000 Volts. The peak magnet power is 50 MWatts. The power supply is fed from a motor/generator manufactured by Siemens. The generator is 3 phase 7500 Volts rated at 50 MVA. The peak power requirements come from the stored energy in the rotor of the motor/generator. The motor generator is about 45 years old, made by Siemens and it is not clear if companies will be manufacturing similar machines in the future. We are therefore investigating different ways of storing energy for future AGS MMPS operations. This paper will present simulations of a power supply where energy is stored in capacitor banks. Two dc to dc converters will be presented along with the control system of the power section. The switching elements will be IGCT's made by ABB. The simulation program used is called PSIM version 6.1. The average power from the local power authority into the power supply will be kept constant during the pulsing of the magnets at +/-50 MW. The reactive power will also be kept constant below 1.5 MVAR. Waveforms will be presented.

  18. Operation of the Australian Store.Synchrotron for macromolecular crystallography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Store.Synchrotron service, a fully functional, cloud computing-based solution to raw X-ray data archiving and dissemination at the Australian Synchrotron, is described. The Store.Synchrotron service, a fully functional, cloud computing-based solution to raw X-ray data archiving and dissemination at the Australian Synchrotron, is described. The service automatically receives and archives raw diffraction data, related metadata and preliminary results of automated data-processing workflows. Data are able to be shared with collaborators and opened to the public. In the nine months since its deployment in August 2013, the service has handled over 22.4 TB of raw data (∼1.7 million diffraction images). Several real examples from the Australian crystallographic community are described that illustrate the advantages of the approach, which include real-time online data access and fully redundant, secure storage. Discoveries in biological sciences increasingly require multidisciplinary approaches. With this in mind, Store.Synchrotron has been developed as a component within a greater service that can combine data from other instruments at the Australian Synchrotron, as well as instruments at the Australian neutron source ANSTO. It is therefore envisaged that this will serve as a model implementation of raw data archiving and dissemination within the structural biology research community

  19. Joint Maintenance Policies for a Stored System with Two Units

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Jun; WANG Hong-wei

    2009-01-01

    Failure of a stored system can only be detected after inspection and its reliability can be resumed by replacement of failed components. A maintenance policy of combining periodic inspection and preventive replacement is proposed to improve its availability. To coordinate component replacement and spare provision, an ordering policy of (0,1) is considered jointly. Thus, the joint maintenance policy contains inspection, replacement and spare provision. A programming model based on the joint maintenance policy is established, whose objective function is average expected cost, containing maintenance cost and inventory cost, and the constraint is system availability. Applying renewal theorem, the performance indexes are deduced under the condition that the stored system obeys the common life distribution. Numerical examples are given for a stored system with two different units, where unit 1 probability degrades with time and unit 2 probability degrades at each test. The effect of reliability parameters on the policies is discussed. The results indicate that the joint policy is very close to the independent policy.

  20. Model of Improving Customer Loyalty in Electronic Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Attafar

    2011-12-01

    Today, due to the growth and diversity of e-commerce technologies, the number of virtual stores is exponentially increasing and this has created new challenges in business. Therefore, improving customer loyalty is critically important for sustaining success of electronic stores. In this regard, an attempt has been made to propose an appropriate model for improving loyalty of customers in electronic stores. The study population includes faculty and students of Yazd University who have had experience of buying books from online bookstores. Due to non-normal distribution of data, nonparametric methods (sign test, Mann-Whitney, Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis have been used for data analysis. Findings imply that 21 components have been extracted in three general categories, i.e. customer service, design and trust influence e-loyalty, which explain totally 70% of the structure of factors influencing e-loyalty in online bookstores. Findings indicate that from the viewpoint of faculty and students of Yazd University, indicators related to "trust" have the highest influence on improving e-loyalty.

  1. Model of Improving Customer Loyalty in Electronic Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Atafar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, due to the growth and diversity of e-commerce technologies, the number of virtual stores is exponentially increasing and this has created new challenges in business. Therefore, improving customer loyalty is critically important for sustaining success of electronic stores. In this regard, an attempt has been made to propose an appropriate model for improving loyalty of customers in electronic stores. The study population includes faculty and students of Yazd University who have had experience of buying books from online bookstores. Due to non-normal distribution of data, nonparametric methods (sign test, Mann-Whitney, Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis have been used for data analysis. Findings imply that 21 components have been extracted in three general categories, i.e. customer service, design and trust influence e-loyalty, which explain totally 70% of the structure of factors influencing e-loyalty in online bookstores. Findings indicate that from the viewpoint of faculty and students of Yazd University, indicators related to "trust" have the highest influence on improving e-loyalty.

  2. Phase Diagram in Stored-Energy-Driven L\\'evy Flight

    OpenAIRE

    Akimoto, Takuma; Miyaguchi, Tomoshige

    2014-01-01

    Phase diagram based on the mean square displacement (MSD) and the distribution of diffusion coefficients of the time-averaged MSD for the stored-energy-driven L\\'evy flight (SEDLF) is presented. In the SEDLF, a random walker cannot move while storing energy, and it jumps by the stored energy. The SEDLF shows a whole spectrum of anomalous diffusions including subdiffusion and superdiffusion, depending on the coupling parameter between storing time (trapping time) and stored energy. This stocha...

  3. International experience of storing spent fuel in NUHOMS systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The NUHOMS system for spent fuel intermediate storage has two main components. The spent fuel is contained in a stainless steel canister that is sealed by welding two stainless steel lids. The canister is stored with its main axis horizontal in a concrete module (HSM). The canister provides a containment boundary and includes an internal basket structure to ensure criticality safety and good heat transfer. The HSM has an access door, an internal support structure for the canister and air vents for the rejection of heat by natural convection. The thick reinforced concrete walls offer excellent radiation shielding properties. After spent fuel loading, canisters are transferred from the spent fuel pool to the storage site using a shielded transfer cask with an integral hydraulic ram to facilitate canister loading into the concrete module. The first designs were conceived for US commercial light water reactor fuel, and the first storage licenses were obtained from the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The initial system for PWR fuel has a capacity of 7 spent fuel assemblies, but this was increased to 24 in the next design. A canister for storing 52 BWR fuel assemblies was soon added to the fleet. As the demand for dry storage systems in the US increased, Transnuclear, Inc identified a market need for higher capacity systems and two further designs were added with capacities of 32 PWR and 61 BWR assemblies. These designs are further evolving to match the trends in increased fuel initial enrichment and burn up. In addition to meeting the US regulatory requirements for storage, the latest systems are designed to meet US NRC requirements for transportation. This latest development gives NUHOMS users the additional flexibility of a dual-purpose system. Another NUHOMS system was successfully developed to store fuel debris from the Three Mile Island reactor. Solutions have also been developed for safely storing and transporting damaged fuel. Outside the US, the

  4. STORE PATRONAGE: THE UTILITY OF A MULTI-METHOD, MULTI-NOMIAL LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL FOR PREDICTING STORE CHOICE

    OpenAIRE

    Moutinho, Luiz; Hutcheson, Graeme D.

    2006-01-01

    Factor, multinomial logistic regression and cluster analyses are used in combination to provide a predictive model of store patronage behaviour for consumers in Cardiff, Wales. A subset of variables and factors that are important for consumers when choosing a supermarket were used to provide a picture of each store’s clientele. Multinomial logistic regression allowed an overall model of supermarket choice to be developed and also enabled comparisons to be made of individual supermarkets withi...

  5. In-store consumer behavior: How mobile recommendation agents influence usage intentions, product purchases, and store preferences

    OpenAIRE

    Kowatsch T.; Maass W.

    2010-01-01

    Product information given in purchase situations influences purchase behavior. In online purchase situations, the use of recommendation agents increases the value of product information as information becomes adaptive and thus more relevant to consumers' information needs. Correspondingly, mobile recommendation agents (MRAs) may also increase the value of product information in bricks-and-mortar stores. In this sense, product information is not only adaptive but can also be requested at any p...

  6. Possibility of Using non-standard DICOM Objects Stored in the Systems for Collecting and Storing Image Data (PACS)

    OpenAIRE

    Kudelka, Kamil

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the systems dedicated to picture archiving and communication (PACS), their architecture, workflow and opportunities of Dicom objects and the characteristics of industry standard DICOM which the PACS is based on. It works with idea that these systems are already behind the border of image data and serve still more and more as a storing space for the generic data saved in Dicom. Using Dicom RT objects as sources of billing information which can be done fully automa...

  7. Classification bias in commercial business lists for retail food stores in the U.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Euna

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Aspects of the food environment such as the availability of different types of food stores have recently emerged as key modifiable factors that may contribute to the increased prevalence of obesity. Given that many of these studies have derived their results based on secondary datasets and the relationship of food stores with individual weight outcomes has been reported to vary by store type, it is important to understand the extent to which often-used secondary data correctly classify food stores. We evaluated the classification bias of food stores in Dun & Bradstreet (D&B and InfoUSA commercial business lists. Methods We performed a full census in 274 randomly selected census tracts in the Chicago metropolitan area and collected detailed store attributes inside stores for classification. Store attributes were compared by classification match status and store type. Systematic classification bias by census tract characteristics was assessed in multivariate regression. Results D&B had a higher classification match rate than InfoUSA for supermarkets and grocery stores, while InfoUSA was higher for convenience stores. Both lists were more likely to correctly classify large supermarkets, grocery stores, and convenience stores with more cash registers and different types of service counters (supermarkets and grocery stores only. The likelihood of a correct classification match for supermarkets and grocery stores did not vary systemically by tract characteristics whereas convenience stores were more likely to be misclassified in predominately Black tracts. Conclusion Researches can rely on classification of food stores in commercial datasets for supermarkets and grocery stores whereas classifications for convenience and specialty food stores are subject to some systematic bias by neighborhood racial/ethnic composition.

  8. Identification of store-independent and store-operated Ca2+ conductances in Caenorhabditis elegans intestinal epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estevez, Ana Y; Roberts, Randolph K; Strange, Kevin

    2003-08-01

    The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans offers significant experimental advantages for defining the genetic basis of diverse biological processes. Genetic and physiological analyses have demonstrated that inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-dependent Ca2+ oscillations in intestinal epithelial cells play a central role in regulating the nematode defecation cycle, an ultradian rhythm with a periodicity of 45-50 s. Patch clamp studies combined with behavioral assays and forward and reverse genetic screening would provide a powerful approach for defining the molecular details of oscillatory Ca2+ signaling. However, electrophysiological characterization of the intestinal epithelium has not been possible because of its relative inaccessibility. We developed primary intestinal epithelial cell cultures that circumvent this problem. Intestinal cells express two highly Ca2+-selective, voltage-independent conductances. One conductance, IORCa, is constitutively active, exhibits strong outward rectification, is 60-70-fold more selective for Ca2+ than Na+, is inhibited by intracellular Mg2+ with a K1/2 of 692 microM, and is insensitive to Ca2+ store depletion. Inhibition of IORCa with high intracellular Mg2+ concentrations revealed the presence of a small amplitude conductance that was activated by passive depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. Active depletion of Ca2+ stores with IP3 or ionomycin increased the rate of current activation approximately 8- and approximately 22-fold compared with passive store depletion. The store-operated conductance, ISOC, exhibits strong inward rectification, and the channel is highly selective for Ca2+ over monovalent cations with a divalent cation selectivity sequence of Ca2+ > Ba2+ approximately Sr2+. Reversal potentials for ISOC could not be detected accurately between 0 and +80 mV, suggesting that PCa/PNa of the channel may exceed 1,000:1. Lanthanum, SKF 96365, and 2-APB inhibit both IORCa and ISOC reversibly. Our studies provide the first

  9. Research on Development Rule of Retail Store in China's Fashion Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN Yan-min; JIANG Zhi-wei

    2002-01-01

    Retail store is one of key contents of fashion marketing management. From the point of theory of three spaces in store, Shanghai - China's most important fashion retailing market, is taken as a research sample. Store types, transform rule and relative factors of China's fashion retailing market are discussed. Some problems,such as agreement of store quality and brand target, are analyzed. Finally, five basic conclusions are drawn:first, development of store has been simultaneous with the development of fashion retailing market; second,development speed of store is restrained by region economy objectively; third, the effective means of upgrading marketing level of fashion brand presupposes improving the whole quality of store; fourth, the model of store is index reflecting competitive ability of fashion brand; fifth, there is obvious difference between domestic fashion store and that of international important area.

  10. INFLUENCE OF MANUFACTURER SIGNATURE ON STORE BRANDS’ LOYALTY AND PURCHASE INTENTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Calvo-Porral

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available With today’s trend toward higher store concentration, building strong store brands has become a priority for many retailing companies. This study aims to analyze the differences in store brands’ purchasing likelihood between store brands with a manufacturer identification – a manufacturer signature – and store brands with no information about the manufacturer, as well as the moderating role of the manufacturer signature on store brands’ purchase intention. We carried out multiple group analysis through structural equation modeling. Our findings suggest that store brand image has the most significant influence on loyalty and purchase intention for both types of store brands. Moreover, and contrary to our expectations, we did not find empirical support for the moderating role of manufacturer signature on store brands’ purchasing likelihood.

  11. Retail store image in emerging markets: An initial study among Chinese retailers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kåre

    This study explores the dimensions of store images and retailer's positioning in emerging markets. First, the store images of a retail segment will be assessed from the consumer's perspective. Second, store image clusters will be profiled based on a survey of the retailers; how they position their...... stores to defend and sustain the image (i.e. retailers' perspective). Here Chinese food retailing is used as an example of emerging markets. The study finds three unique store images, corresponding to up-market, middle-range, and down-market store segments. Contrasting the two studies, significant...... differences regarding store characteristics, purchasing behavior, and supplier selection criteria among the three identified store image segments are revealed. The implications of these findings for practitioners and for future research on store image in emerging markets are highlighted....

  12. Equipment and techniques for remote sampling of stored radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several tools have been developed at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to remotely sample stored radioactive waste. These sampling tools have been developed to determine the chemical characteristics of the waste prior to processing. The processing of waste material varies according to the chemical characteristics of the waste, which change due to additions, settling, mixing, and chemical reactions during storage. Once the waste has been sampled to identify its characteristics, the chemical composition of the waste can then be altered if needed to prepare for processing. Various types of waste material in several types of containment must be sampled at SRS. Stored waste materials consist of liquids, floating organics, sludge, salt and solids. Waste is stored in four basic types of tanks with different means of access and interior obstructions. The waste tanks can only be accessed by small openings: access ports, risers and downcomers. Requirements for sampling depend on the type of tank being accessed, the waste within the tank, and the particular location in the tank desired for taking the sample. Sampling devices have been developed to sample all of the waste material forms found in the SRS tank farms. The fluid type samplers are capable of sampling surface liquid, subsurface liquid at varying depth, surface sludge, subsurface sludge, and floating organics. The solid type samplers are capable of sampling salt, sampling a solid layer on the bottom of the tank, and capturing a small solid mass on the tank bottom. The sampling devices are all designed to access the tanks through small access ports. The samplers are reusable and are designed to allow quick transfer of the samples to shielded packaging for transport, reducing the amount of radiation exposure to sampling personnel. The samplers weigh less than 100 lb. and are designed in sections to allow easy disassembly for storage and transport by personnel. (Abstract Truncated)

  13. Storing solid radioactive wastes at the Savannah River Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horton, J.H.; Corey, J.C.

    1976-06-01

    The facilities and the operation of solid radioactive waste storage at the Savannah River Plant (SRP) are discussed in the report. The procedures used to segregate and the methods used to store radioactive waste materials are described, and the monitoring results obtained from studies of the movement of radionuclides from buried wastes at SRP are summarized. The solid radioactive waste storage site, centrally located on the 192,000-acre SRP reservation, was established in 1952 to 1953, before any radioactivity was generated onsite. The site is used for storage and burial of solid radioactive waste, for storage of contaminated equipment, and for miscellaneous other operations. The solid radioactive waste storage site is divided into sections for burying waste materials of specified types and radioactivity levels, such as transuranium (TRU) alpha waste, low-level waste (primarily beta-gamma), and high-level waste (primarily beta-gamma). Detailed records are kept of the burial location of each shipment of waste. With the attention currently given to monitoring and controlling migration, the solid wastes can remain safely in their present location for as long as is necessary for a national policy to be established for their eventual disposal. Migration of transuranium, activation product, and fission product nuclides from the buried wastes has been negligible. However, monitoring data indicate that tritium is migrating from the solid waste emplacements. Because of the low movement rate of ground water, the dose-to-man projection is less than 0.02 man-rem for the inventory of tritium in the burial trenches. Limits are placed on the amounts of beta-gamma waste that can be stored so that the site will require minimum surveillance and control. The major portion (approximately 98 percent) of the transuranium alpha radioactivity in the waste is stored in durable containers, which are amenable to recovery for processing and restorage should national policy so dictate.

  14. Store-operated channels regulate intracellular calcium in mammalian rods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnar, Tünde; Barabas, Peter; Birnbaumer, Lutz; Punzo, Claudio; Kefalov, Vladimir; Križaj, David

    2012-08-01

    Exposure to daylight closes cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) and voltage-operated Ca(2+) -permeable channels in mammalian rods. The consequent lowering of the cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), if protracted, can contribute to light-induced damage and apoptosis in these cells. We here report that mouse rods are protected against prolonged lowering of [Ca(2+)](i) by store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Ca(2+) stores were depleted in Ca(2+)-free saline supplemented with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) sequestration blocker cyclopiazonic acid. Store depletion elicited [Ca(2+)](i) signals that exceeded baseline [Ca(2+)](i) by 5.9 ± 0.7-fold and were antagonized by an inhibitory cocktail containing 2-APB, SKF 96365 and Gd(3+). Cation influx through SOCE channels was sufficient to elicit a secondary activation of L-type voltage-operated Ca2+ entry. We also found that TRPC1, the type 1 canonical mammalian homologue of the Drosophila photoreceptor TRP channel, is predominantly expressed within the outer nuclear layer of the retina. Rod loss in Pde6b(rdl) (rd1), Chx10/Kip1(-/-rdl) and Elovl4(TG2) dystrophic models was associated with ∼70% reduction in Trpc1 mRNA content whereas Trpc1 mRNA levels in rodless cone-full Nrl(-/-) retinas were decreased by ∼50%. Genetic ablation of TRPC1 channels, however, had no effect on SOCE, the sensitivity of the rod phototransduction cascade or synaptic transmission at rod and cone synapses. Thus, we localized two new mechanisms, SOCE and TRPC1, to mammalian rods and characterized the contribution of SOCE to Ca(2+) homeostasis. By preventing the cytosolic [Ca(2+)](i) from dropping too low under sustained saturating light conditions, these signalling pathways may protect Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms within the ER and the cytosol without affecting normal rod function. PMID:22674725

  15. Effect of Store and Forward Teledermatology on Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whited, John D.; Warshaw, Erin M.; Edison, Karen E.; Kapur, Kush; Thottapurathu, Lizy; Raju, Srihari; Cook, Bethany; Engasser, Holly; Pullen, Samantha; Parks, Patricia; Sindowski, Tom; Motyka, Danuta; Brown, Rodney; Moritz, Thomas E.; Datta, Santanu K.; Chren, Mary-Margaret; Marty, Lucinda; Reda, Domenic J.

    2013-01-01

    Importance Although research on quality of life and dermatologic conditions is well represented in the literature, information on teledermatology’s effect on quality of life is virtually absent. Objective To determine the effect of store and forward teledermatology on quality of life. Design Two-site, parallel-group, superiority randomized controlled trial. Setting Dermatology clinics and affiliated sites of primary care at 2 US Department of Veterans Affairs medical facilities. Participants Patients being referred to a dermatology clinic were randomly assigned, stratified by site, to teledermatology or the conventional consultation process. Among the 392 patients who met the inclusion criteria and were randomized, 326 completed the allocated intervention and were included in the analysis. Interventions Store and forward teledermatology (digital images and a standardized history) or conventional text-based consultation processes were used to manage the dermatology consultations. Patients were followed up for 9 months. Main Outcome Measures The primary end point was change in Skindex-16 scores, a skin-specific quality-of-life instrument, between baseline and 9 months. A secondary end point was change in Skindex-16 scores between baseline and 3 months. Results Patients in both randomization groups demonstrated a clinically significant improvement in Skindex-16 scores between baseline and 9 months with no significant difference by randomization group (P=.66, composite score). No significant difference in Skindex-16 scores by randomization group between baseline and 3 months was found (P=.39, composite score). Conclusions Compared with the conventional consultation process, store and forward teledermatology did not result in a statistically significant difference in skin-related quality of life at 3 or 9 months after referral. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00488293 PMID:23426111

  16. Det store sammenhængskollaps på Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    Det store sammenhængskollaps på Facebook: Politik og massemedier erstatter mere og mere de private billeder og statusopdateringer på Facebook. Vi er blevet mere og mere upersonlige og mindre og mindre private, når vi deler på Facebook. Dette viser fortrolige oplysninger fra medarbejdere på Facebook...... ifølge teknologimediet The Information. En stor krise og et kollaps truer Facebook, som nu prøver at løse problemet ved eksempelvis at gøre det lettere at dele personlige og private oplevelser....

  17. Reactions of carbon cluster ions stored in an RF trap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reactions of carbon cluster ions with O2 were studied by using an RF ion trap in which cluster ions of specific size produced by laser ablation could be stored selectively. Reaction rate constants for positive and negative carbon cluster ions were estimated. In the case of the positive cluster ions, these were consistent with the previous experimental results using FTMS. Negative carbon cluster ions C-n (n=4-8) were much less reactive than positive cluster ions. The CnO- products were seen only in n=4 and 6. (orig.)

  18. Monitoring the viability of citrus rootstocks seeds stored under refrigeration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Alves de Carvalho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The citrus nursery tree is produced through the bud grafting process, in which rootstock is usually grown from seed germination. The objective of this research was to evaluate, in two dissimilar environmental conditions, the viability and polyembryony expression of five citrus rootstocks seeds stored in different periods under refrigeration. The rootstock varieties evaluated were: Rangpur lime (Citrus limonia Osb. cv. Limeira, Trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata Raf. cv. Limeira, Citrumelo (P. trifoliata x C. paradisi Macf. cv. Swingle, Sunki mandarin (C. sunki Hort. ex Tanaka and Volkamer lemon (C. volkameriana Ten. & Pasq. cv. Catania 2. The experimental design was the randomized blocks in a 11 x 5 x 2 factorial scheme, evaluating from time zero to the tenth month of storage, the five varieties of rootstock in two environments: germination and growth B.O.D type chamber (Biological Oxygen Demand - Eletrolab Brand Model FC 122 at 25 °C; and greenhouse seedbed with partial temperature control (22 °C to 36 °C and humidity control (75-85%. The plot had 24 seeds in four replicates, using trays with substrate in greenhouse and Petri dishes with filter paper in B.O.D. chamber. The seed germination rate and polyembryony expression were evaluated monthly. It was concluded that Trifoliate and Citrumelo Swingle seeds can be stored for up to seven months, while Volkamer lemon, Rangpur lime and Sunki seeds can be stored for up to ten months. The polyembryony expression rate was slightly higher when measured in greenhouse than in B.O.D. chamber and remained stable in both environments until the seventh month, from which dropped sharply. Citrumelo Swingle seeds expressed the highest polyembryony rate (18.8%, followed by Rangpur lime and Volkamer lemon (average value of 13.7%, Sunki (9.4% and Trifoliate (3.2%. Despite some differences among varieties, the viability of rootstock stored seeds can be monitored either in the greenhouse or in B

  19. Comparative assays of lixiviation of stored samples in marine environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the R and D results for the evaluation of the cemented product durability and its leaching resistance in relation to the storage. Some mixtures of cement and simulated waste have been made and stored in two places, laboratory and marine environment. After a 4 year storage the specimens have been collected and submitted to leaching test. The leaching rate after 4 years of essays were very close, regardless of the storage approach, in the order of 10-12 a 10-13 m/sec. (author)

  20. Negative price-image effects of appealing store architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zielke, Stephan; Toporowski, Waldemar

    2012-01-01

    Retailers often worry about the negative effects of appealing exterior architecture on their store's price image, especially the price-level perception and the ease of price evaluation. Findings from prior laboratory experiments support these concerns, while field studies find no such effects. The...... present study explains this inconsistency by analyzing the moderating effects of price and retail brand information available to customers in real shopping situations. The results show that negative effects of appealing exterior architecture do not exist when retail brand information is available. The...... availability of price information neutralizes the negative effects of appealing architecture on the price-level perception, but not on the ease of price evaluation....

  1. CREATING RESPONSIVE UI FOR WEB STORE USING CSS

    OpenAIRE

    Wiciak, Magdalena

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays people spend most of their days using mobiles and tablets to access web sites. It is really important to ensure that all customers are able to access a web site no matter where they are and which devices they use. That is why the interest in creating responsive design is increasing. Responsive Web Design is an approach that provides responding of the web site according to the environment where it is accessed. The thesis shows how to create responsive UI for the web store based on...

  2. Method and system for storing and generating hydrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindler, Andrew (Inventor); Narayanan, Sri R. (Inventor); Huang, Yuhong (Inventor)

    2011-01-01

    A method and system for storing and generating hydrogen. The method comprises generating hydrogen and heat from the reaction of a metal or metal compound with water. The heat generated from this reaction may then be converted to other forms of energy such as by passing the heat through a thermal electric device to recover electrical energy for storage in a battery. In an alternative and preferred embodiment, the heat is used to drive additional reactions for generating more hydrogen and is preferably used to drive an endothermic dehydrogenation reaction resulting in increased hydrogen generation and consumption of the heat.

  3. Effect of gamma irradiation on fungi in stored rice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study is to examine the effect of different doses of gamma irradiation on fungi infecting rice stored in various packaging materials. The agar plate test method was used. It was observed that the percentage of fungi did not appear to decrease with the increase of irradiation up to 2 kGy and also no indication of any significant reduction in percentage of fungi isolated with increasing time of storage at all levels of radiation treatment. The majority of the fungi isolated were Aspergillus and Penicillium species. (A.J.)

  4. Residues of 14C-pirimiphos-methyl in stored potatoes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Potato tubers stored at room temperature were treated with pirimiphos-methyl containing radiolabelled material at the rate of 5 mg of active ingredient per kilogram. Residues were almost totally found on the skin. After storage for 16 weeks, terminal residues were 0.55 and 0.004 mg/kg for skin and flesh respectively. These residues amounted to about 10% of the applied chemical. The apparent half-life value of residues on the skin was 47 days and for the flesh 64 days. (author)

  5. Storing Solar Energy Performance on Rare Earth Windowpane

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Baojun; Zhou Yao; Fu Li; Yang Tao; Li Tiansi; Li Ying

    2004-01-01

    The windowpane as the enclosure and decorative component of buildings is main part of energy consumption and the heat loss through window is almost 4% of the heating consumption in buildings. Using rare earth element,the glass can possess the performance of absorbing sunlight, storing heat, increasing the temperate of itself, and decreasing the inner heat load so as to play the double functions of saving energy and environmental protection. The experiment method of the rare earth windowpane, and analyses sunlight absorbing process of the rare earth element on photoelectric principle, and gives the changing curve with environment temperate -time of the rare earth windowpane surface were introduced.

  6. Advertising Discourse Analysis of FES stores: Killing Love, Cowards Show

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian Venegas Ahumada

    2013-01-01

    The objective is to analyze the structural and photographic discourse of the Autumn-Winter campaign 2008 of FES stores for young people. This was done by a semiotic theory and a critical-structural methodology of discourse. An analysis of 4 advertising photographs was done, and at once an analysis of the discourse “FES says no to violence against Women”, which explains the campaign’s target. The result is: The discourse was subjected to production condition (society of control) and makes adve...

  7. Stored energy and annealing behavior of heavily deformed aluminium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamikawa, Naoya; Huang, Xiaoxu; Kondo, Yuka;

    2012-01-01

    It has been demonstrated in previous work that a two-step annealing treatment, including a low-temperature, long-time annealing and a subsequent high-temperature annealing, is a promising route to control the microstructure of a heavily deformed metal. In the present study, structural parameters...... 175°C followed by 0.5 h annealing at 200-600°C, where the former treatment leads to discontinuous recrystallization and the latter to uniform structural coarsening. This behavior has been analyzed in terms of the relative change during annealing of energy stored as elastic energy in the dislocation...

  8. Business plan for an online store Hockeystore.fi

    OpenAIRE

    Pelkonen, Jussi

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to discuss e-business and to make a marketing-based business plan of a company, which sells ice hockey equipment online. It provides an insight on e-business and different aspects of marketing related to the concept of an online store. It also discusses the theory of marketing and e-business combined with the practice of a business plan. This paper is for the people who are interested in e-business especially from a marketing point of view and who are searching...

  9. Mom-and-Pops or Big Box Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Hicks; Keil, Stanley R.; Lee C. Spector

    2012-01-01

    This article explores WalMart’s impact on the retail sector in the counties in which it is located, as well as in surrounding counties, by examining the number and size of retail outlets, by retail category. Using statewide data as well as a case study incorporating econometric modes, we find that the main impact of the entrance of a WalMart primarily falls on competitive big box stores. Furthermore, we find that the long-run adjustment to the entrance of a WalMart takes between 18 and 36 m...

  10. Electron, photons, and molecules: Storing energy from light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, J.R. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Molecular charge separation has important potential for photochemical energy storage. Its efficiency can be enhanced by principals which maximize the rates of the electron transfer steps which separate charge and minimize those which recombine high-energy charge pairs to lose stored energy. Dramatic scientific progress in understanding these principals has occurred since the founding of DOE and its predecessor agency ERDA. While additional knowledge in needed in broad areas of molecular electron transfer, some key areas of knowledge hold particular promise for the possibility of moving this area from science toward technology capable of contributing to the nation`s energy economy.

  11. Method to transport and store radioactive radiating articles or substances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A suggestion is made to fill radioactive articles, e.g. fuel elements, into transport containers and then to cover these with a salt melt (at least 41% salt) which solidifies at temperatures > 980C, so that ameer hardening of the melt, one may transport or store these as solid blocks. If desired, one can remelt the salt melt by heating slightly and extract the articles. Insulating materials (such as e.g. glass fibres) can be added to the salt mixture, the hardened melt can also be covered by bitumen, concrete etc. Apparatus to carry out this proposed method is presented in detail. (UWI) 891 HP/UWI 892 CKA

  12. Video Contents Prior Storing Server For Lte Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Tsang

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important multimedia applications is Internet protocol TV (IPTV for next-generation networks. IPTV provides triple-play services that require high-speed access networks with the functions of multicasting and quality of service (QoS guarantees. Among 4G mobile ac-cess networks, LTE networks are regarded as among the best solutions to meet higher bandwidth demands. In this paper, we propose a new architecture for multicasting live IPTV traffic in 4G LTE networks. The proposed mechanism involves assigning a unique logical link identifier to each IPTV channel. To manage multicasting, a prior storing server in the Base Station and in each mobile network unit, mobile phone, is constructed. In this work, we propose a partial prior storing strategy that considers the changes in the popularity of the video content segments over time and the access patterns of the users to compute the utility of the objects in the prior storage. We also propose to partition the prior storage to avoid the eviction of the popular objects (those not accessed frequently by the unpopular ones which are accessed with higher frequency. The popularity distribution and ageing of popularity are measured from two online datasets and use the parameters in simulations. Simulation results show that our proposed architecture can improve the system performance and QoS parameters in terms of packet delay, jitter and packet loss.

  13. Occupant Perceptions and a Health Outcome in Retail Stores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Mingjie; Kim, Yang-Seon; Srebric, Jelena

    2015-11-02

    Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) in commercial buildings, such as retail stores, can affect employee satisfaction, productivity, and health. This study administered an IEQ survey to retail employees and found correlations between measured IEQ parameters and the survey responses. The survey included 611 employees in 14 retail stores located in Pennsylvania (climate zone 5A) and Texas (climate zone 2A). The survey questionnaire featured ratings of different aspects of IEQ, including thermal comfort, lighting and noise level, indoor smells, overall cleanness, and environmental quality. Simultaneously with the survey, on-site physical measurements were taken to collect data of relative humidity levels, air exchange rates, dry bulb temperatures, and contaminant concentrations. This data was analyzed using multinomial logit regression with independent variables being the measured IEQ parameters, employees’ gender, and age. This study found that employee perception of stuffy smells is related to formaldehyde and PM10 concentrations. Furthermore, the survey also asked the employees to report an annual frequency of common colds as a health indicator. The regression analysis showed that the cold frequency statistically correlates with the measured air exchange rates, outdoor temperatures, and indoor PM concentrations. Overall, the air exchange rate is the most influential parameter on the employee perception of the overall environmental quality and self-reported health outcome.

  14. Smart stores: old oilfield mainstays teach themselves new tricks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The place of field service equipment stores in the western Canadian oilpatch is described, emphasizing the influence of global economic cycles triggered by the erratic nature of oil and gas commodity prices, that control the fortunes of this sector of the oil industry. The trials and tribulations of C. E. Franklin Ltd and NWP Industries are cited as examples of how oilfield service stores attempt to cope with the ebb and flow of oil prices which dictate the fortunes of the oil industry, which in turn determines the demand for what the field service companies have to offer. Changes in product cycles are also exercising a significant influence on the state of the sector. Computer hardware and software services provided by service companies have been the most recent causes of increased sales and job creation; the next step eagerly anticipated is e-commerce. There is a great deal of confidence among oilfield service service companies that e-commerce will change the way business is done in virtually every industry in the world and companies like Franklin and NWP are gearing up to leveraging their infrastructure (i. e. their staff) via Internet technology. Taking care of the anticipated 17,000 to 18,000 new wells that will be drilled in western Canada is the most immediate challenge; in the short-term, coming out of lean times, lack of cash flow will make it extremely difficult to take care of the increased activity

  15. Experiment to characterize videos stored on the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acharya, Soam; Smith, Brian C.

    1997-12-01

    The design of file systems is strongly influenced by measuring the use of existing file systems, such file size distribution and patterns of access. We believe that a similar characterization of video stored on the Internet will help network engineers, codec designers, and other multimedia researchers. We therefore executed an experiment to measure how video data is used on the Web today. In this experiment, we downloaded and analyzed over 57,000 AVI, QuickTime and MPEG files stored on the Web -- approximately 100 gigabytes of data. Among our more interesting discoveries, we found that the most common video technology in use today is QuickTime, and that the image resolution and frame rate of video files that include audio are much more uniform than video-only files. The majority of all audio/video files have dimensions of CIF or QCIF (or very similar) at 10, 12, 15, or 30 fps, whereas the dimensions and frame rates of video-only files are more uniformly distributed. We also experimentally verified the conjecture that current Internet bandwidth is at least an order of magnitude too slow to support streaming playback of video. We present these results and other statistical information characterizing video on the web in this paper.

  16. Drivers Of Customer Loyalty In A Retail Store Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toyin A. Clottey

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The determinants of customer loyalty are identified for a large U.S. retailer based on a survey of 972 customers.  An ordered logistic regression is used to estimate the proportion of a retailer’s customers who are willing to recommend the retailers products to others based on survey results.Statistical results document that service quality, product quality and brand image drive customer loyalty as measured by a customer’s willingness to recommend the retailer’s products to other people.  Service management managers can improve these drivers of customer loyalty by better training, recognition and reward programs, day-to-day store operations, and job, product, process and store design.  Given the general research objective of defining a universal model of what drives customer loyalty in a diverse set of industries, this research provides additional statistical evidence to support the theory that brand image, product quality, and service quality determine customer loyalty. 

  17. A four-helix bundle stores copper for methane oxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vita, Nicolas; Platsaki, Semeli; Baslé, Arnaud; Allen, Stephen J; Paterson, Neil G; Crombie, Andrew T; Murrell, J Colin; Waldron, Kevin J; Dennison, Christopher

    2015-09-01

    Methane-oxidizing bacteria (methanotrophs) require large quantities of copper for the membrane-bound (particulate) methane monooxygenase. Certain methanotrophs are also able to switch to using the iron-containing soluble methane monooxygenase to catalyse methane oxidation, with this switchover regulated by copper. Methane monooxygenases are nature's primary biological mechanism for suppressing atmospheric levels of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Furthermore, methanotrophs and methane monooxygenases have enormous potential in bioremediation and for biotransformations producing bulk and fine chemicals, and in bioenergy, particularly considering increased methane availability from renewable sources and hydraulic fracturing of shale rock. Here we discover and characterize a novel copper storage protein (Csp1) from the methanotroph Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b that is exported from the cytosol, and stores copper for particulate methane monooxygenase. Csp1 is a tetramer of four-helix bundles with each monomer binding up to 13 Cu(I) ions in a previously unseen manner via mainly Cys residues that point into the core of the bundle. Csp1 is the first example of a protein that stores a metal within an established protein-folding motif. This work provides a detailed insight into how methanotrophs accumulate copper for the oxidation of methane. Understanding this process is essential if the wide-ranging biotechnological applications of methanotrophs are to be realized. Cytosolic homologues of Csp1 are present in diverse bacteria, thus challenging the dogma that such organisms do not use copper in this location. PMID:26308900

  18. The CALBC RDF Triple Store: retrieval over large literature content

    CERN Document Server

    Croset, Samuel; Li, Chen; Kavaliauskas, Silvestras; Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich

    2010-01-01

    Integration of the scientific literature into a biomedical research infrastructure requires the processing of the literature, identification of the contained named entities (NEs) and concepts, and to represent the content in a standardised way. The CALBC project partners (PPs) have produced a large-scale annotated biomedical corpus with four different semantic groups through the harmonisation of annotations from automatic text mining solutions (Silver Standard Corpus, SSC). The four semantic groups were chemical entities and drugs (CHED), genes and proteins (PRGE), diseases and disorders (DISO) and species (SPE). The content of the SSC has been fully integrated into RDF Triple Store (4,568,678 triples) and has been aligned with content from the GeneAtlas (182,840 triples), UniProtKb (12,552,239 triples for human) and the lexical resource LexEBI (BioLexicon). RDF Triple Store enables querying the scientific literature and bioinformatics resources at the same time for evidence of genetic causes, such as drug ta...

  19. Ring impedance and stored current for the photon factory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The impedance of the Photon Factory ring is computed using estimates for individual vacuum chamber component impedances, and computer results for the impedance of the RF cavities. The total single-bunch loss impedance is expected to be about 2.5 MΩ at a bunch length of 2.0 cm. This is lower than the SPEAR impedance (per unit length of ring circumference) by about a factor of 5. Thus, the threshold current for single bunch instabilities which limit the beam current will probably be on the order of 150 - 200 mA. There should be no problem in reaching a stored current of 500 mA with 312 bunches. RF and beam parameters, such as stored current, klystron power, synchrotron radiation power, higher mode power, cavity power and reflected power are computed as a function of energy for two operating regions: at a constant beam current of 500 mA for lower energies where a klystron power of less than 650 kW is required, and at a constant klystron power of 650 kW at higher energies. Results are given for operation with and without a wiggler, and for both the single-bunch and 312-bunch modes. (author)

  20. Viability Tests for Fresh and Stored Haemopoietic Cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews current methods of measurement of the viability of fresh and stored haemopoietic cells. The life expectancy of granulocytes and monocytes after transfusion can be studied by in-vitro labelling with 3H-DFP and subsequent autoradiography. The evaluation of data in about 30 patients with various haemopoietic conditions indicates a wide variation of the disappearance half-time of granulocytes. 3H-cytidine labels essentially all lymphocytes in vitro, predominantly in their RNA. Transfusion of 3H-cytidine-labelled lymphocytes enables one to measure the lower limit of their life-expectancy as well as their rate of RNA metabolism. If bone-marrow cells are labelled in vitro with 3H-thymidine and subsequently transfused, their capability to circulate, to reach the haemopoietic tissue of the host, to proliferate and to mature can be demonstrated. However, the repopulating capacity of frozen and thawed marrow is independent of the ability of 3H-TDR-labelled marrow cells to circulate, proliferate and mature. It is assumed that bone-marrow cells capable of repopulating depleted haemopoietic tissue are resting under steady-state conditions and can be labelled by means of 3H-TDR only using special conditions. Thus the only viability tests for fresh and stored bone-marrow cells at present appear to be bioassay methods at the animal experimental level. The results indicate the need for the development of reliable viability tests for stem cells applicable in both experimental and clinical conditions. (author)

  1. Activity of some isoenzymatic systems in stored coffee grains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reni Saath

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Considering the worldwide consumption of coffee, it is natural that throughout the history many people have dedicated the research to markers that contribute somehow on gauging its quality. This research aimed to evaluate the biochemical performance of arabica coffee during storage. Coffee in beans (natural and in parchment (pulped dried in concrete terrace and in dryer with heated air were packed in jute bags and stored in not controlled environmental conditions. Enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, polyphenoloxidase, esterase and lipoxygenase in coffee grains were evaluated at zero, three, six, nine and twelve months by means of electrophoresis. Independently of the drying method, the activity of isoenzymatic complexes highlighted deteriorative processes in stored grains of coffee. The treatments 60/40º C and 60º C used to reduce the water content imposed a greater stress condition, accelerated metabolism of natural coffee in the storage with decreased activity of defense mechanisms due to latent damage in these grains. Natural coffees are more sensible to high drying temperatures and its quality reduces faster than pulped coffee in the storage.

  2. Demand-driven energy supply from stored biowaste for biomethanisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aichinger, Peter; Kuprian, Martin; Probst, Maraike; Insam, Heribert; Ebner, Christian

    2015-10-01

    Energy supply is a global hot topic. The social and political pressure forces a higher percentage of energy supplied by renewable resources. The production of renewable energy in form of biomethane can be increased by co-substrates such as municipal biowaste. However, a demand-driven energy production or its storage needs optimisation, the option to store the substrate with its inherent energy is investigated in this study. The calorific content of biowaste was found unchanged after 45 d of storage (19.9±0.19 kJ g(-1) total solids), and the methane yield obtained from stored biowaste was comparable to fresh biowaste or even higher (approx. 400 m(3) Mg(-1) volatile solids). Our results show that the storage supports the hydrolysis of the co-substrate via acidification and production of volatile fatty acids. The data indicate that storage of biowaste is an efficient way to produce bioenergy on demand. This could in strengthen the role of biomethane plants for electricity supply the future. PMID:26189781

  3. Body condition predicts energy stores in apex predatory sharks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Austin J; Wagner, Dominique N; Irschick, Duncan J; Hammerschlag, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Animal condition typically reflects the accumulation of energy stores (e.g. fatty acids), which can influence an individual's decision to undertake challenging life-history events, such as migration and reproduction. Accordingly, researchers often use measures of animal body size and/or weight as an index of condition. However, values of condition, such as fatty acid levels, may not always reflect the physiological state of animals accurately. While the relationships between condition indices and energy stores have been explored in some species (e.g. birds), they have yet to be examined in top predatory fishes, which often undertake extensive and energetically expensive migrations. We used an apex predatory shark (Galeocerdo cuvier, the tiger shark) as a model species to evaluate the relationship between triglycerides (energy metabolite) and a metric of overall body condition. We captured, blood sampled, measured and released 28 sharks (size range 125-303 cm pre-caudal length). In the laboratory, we assayed each plasma sample for triglyceride values. We detected a positive and significant relationship between condition and triglyceride values (P fisheries, because these individuals are likely to have the highest potential for successful reproduction. Our results suggest that researchers may use either plasma triglyceride values or an appropriate measure of body condition for assessing health in large sharks. PMID:27293643

  4. VIDEO CONTENTS PRIOR STORING SERVER FOR OPTICAL ACCESS NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Tsang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important multimedia applications is Internet protocol TV (IPTV for next-generation networks. IPTV provides triple-play services that require high-speed access networks with the functions of multicasting and quality of service (QoS guarantees. Among optical access networks, Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs are regarded as among the best solutions to meet higher bandwidth demands. In this paper, we propose a new architecture for multicasting live IPTV traffic in optical access network. The proposed mechanism involves assigning a unique logical link identifier to each IPTV channel. To manage multicasting, a prior storing server in the optical line terminal (OLT and in each optical network unit (ONU is constructed. In this work, we propose a partial prior storing strategy that considers the changes in the popularity of the video content segments over time and the access patterns of the users to compute the utility of the objects in the prior storage. We also propose to partition the prior storage to avoid the eviction of the popular objects (those not accessed frequently by the unpopular ones which are accessed with higher frequency. The popularity distribution and ageing of popularity are measured from two online datasets and use the parameters in simulations. Simulation results show that our proposed architecture can improve the system performance and QoS parameters in terms of packet delay, jitter and packet loss

  5. Carbon monoxide stability in stored postmortem blood samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunsman, G W; Presses, C L; Rodriguez, P

    2000-10-01

    Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning remains a common cause of both suicidal and accidental deaths in the United States. As a consequence, determination of the percent carboxyhemoglobin (%COHb) level in postmortem blood is a common analysis performed in toxicology laboratories. The blood specimens analyzed are generally preserved with either EDTA or sodium fluoride. Potentially problematic scenarios that may arise in conjunction with CO analysis are a first analysis or a reanalysis requested months or years after the initial toxicology testing is completed; both raise the issue of the stability of carboxyhemoglobin in stored postmortem blood specimens. A study was conducted at the Bexar County Medical Examiner's Office to evaluate the stability of CO in blood samples collected in red-, gray-, and purple-top tubes by comparing results obtained at the time of the autopsy and after two years of storage at 3 degrees C using either an IL 282 or 682 CO-Oximeter. The results from this study suggest that carboxyhemoglobin is stable in blood specimens collected in vacutainer tubes, with or without preservative, and stored refrigerated for up to two years. PMID:11043662

  6. Using Relational Model to Store Owl Ontologies and Facts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarek Bourbia

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The storing and the processing of OWL instances are important subjects in database modeling. Many research works have focused on the way of mana ging OWL instances efficiently. Some systems store and manage OWL instances using relati onal models to ensure their persistence. Nevertheless, several approaches keep only RDF trip lets as instances in relational tables explicitly, and the manner of structuring instances as graph and keeping links between concepts is not taken into account. In this paper, we prop ose an architecture that permits relational tables behave as an OWL model by adapting relationa l tables to OWL instances and an OWL hierarchy structure. Therefore, two kinds of tables are used: facts or instances relational tables. The tables hold instances and the OWL table holds a specification of how the concepts are structured. Instances tables should conform to OWLt able to be valid. A mechanism of construction of OWLtable and instances tables is de fined in order to enable and enhance inference and semantic querying of OWL in relationa l model context.

  7. Store Impulse Marketing Strategies and Body Mass Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Rebecca; Hunter, Gerald; Ghosh-Dastidar, Bonnie; Dubowitz, Tamara

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. We quantified the use of placement and price reduction marketing strategies in different food retail outlets to identify associations between these strategies and the risk of overweight and obesity among customers. Methods. In 2011 we collected dietary and health information from 1372 residents in “food deserts” in Pittsburgh, PA. We audited neighborhood restaurants and food stores (n = 40) including 16 distant food venues at which residents reported shopping. We assessed end-aisle displays, special floor displays, cash register displays, and price reductions for sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); foods high in saturated oils, fats, and added sugars; and nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables, and products with at least 51% whole grains. Results. Supermarkets and superstores had the largest numbers of displays and price reductions for low-nutrient foods. Exposure to displays of SSBs and foods high in saturated oils, fats, and added sugars and price reduction of SSBs was associated with increased body mass index. Conclusions. In-store marketing strategies of low-nutrient foods appear to be risk factors for a higher body mass index among regular shoppers. Future research is needed to confirm the causal role of marketing strategies in obesity. PMID:25521881

  8. Susceptibility of stored-product psocids to aerosol insecticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opit, George P; Arthur, Frank H; Throne, James E; Payton, Mark E

    2012-01-01

    The efficacies of commercial methoprene and esfenvalerate aerosols for control of stored-product psocid pests were evaluated in simulated field studies. The efficacies of methoprene, esfenvalerate EC, the carrier Isopar-M™, and a combination of methoprene and esfenvalerate aerosols for control of Liposcelis decolor (Pearman) (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) and Liposcelis entomophila (Enderlein) nymphs were assessed, and the effects of direct and indirect exposure of Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel, L. decolor, and Liposcelis paeta Pearman adults to esfenvalerate EC aerosol were evaluated. The greatest nymphal mortality attained was 76%, indicating that the four aerosols tested were ineffective against L. decolor and L. entomophila nymphs. In the direct and indirect exposure studies, the greatest adult mortalities attained for the three psocid species were 62 and 32%, respectively. Based on these data, esfenvalerate aerosol is ineffective for control of L. bostrychophila, L. decolor, L. entomophila, and L. paeta psocid species. This study shows that methoprene, esfenvalerate EC, and a combination of methoprene and esfenvalerate aerosols were ineffective against the four psocid species tested when applied at rates that are usually effective against other stored-product insect pests. PMID:23463916

  9. Organizational Stress for Retail Store Employees in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina - Cerasela Aluculesei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The term organizational stress appeared with people’s lifestyle and job evolution and it is used to show the direct link between the work environment and the employee’s wellbeing or health. This concept exists in all countries, and measures taken to decrease its effects are becoming increasingly more obvious. Such measures are being implemented in Romania also and, given the country’s high spa tourism potential, treatment programs in spa resorts would be the most obvious measures to decrease organizational stress and recover employee productivity. This study aims to address the main concepts related to organizational stress and to present the main benefits related to treatment of organizational stress in Romanian spa resorts. This research was carried out on 101 retail store employees of a supermarket chain. This job, due the requirements, is associated with high levels of stress. The data were processed using the Epi Info statistical software. From the analysis we conducted resulted that the employees we questioned have a low degree of personal satisfaction – in 57% of cases, declaring that their lifestyle since employment as retail store employees is less healthy, with fewer outdoor recreational activities - 65%. In regards to the presence of organizational stress, there are various associated symptoms, with correlation between headaches and increased heart rate (p value=0,003, insomnia (p value = 0,006 or back pain (p value=0,042.

  10. The Moderating Influence of Supermarket Satisfaction on Out-of-Stock Store Switching Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Torben; Beckmann, Suzanne C.; Solgaard, Hans Stubbe

    Consumer store switching behaviour – going to another store to buy an item that is out-of-stock is often considered to be associated with high brand loyalty in combination with low store loyalty, making a study of the causes for such behaviour highly important to both store and brand managers...... variables on out-of-stock store switching. The results indicate that whereas preferred supermarket satisfaction negatively moderates the relation between quality consciousness and out-of-stock store switching, preferred supermarket satisfaction positively moderates the relation between price consciousness...... and out-of-stock store switching. In addition, it is demonstrated that quality consciousness, price consciousness, and pre-planning propensity positively influence consumer out-of-stock store switching behaviour....

  11. The Impact of Regulatory Intervention in the UK Store Card Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, C F; Wei, Y.

    2009-01-01

    The paper examines the impact of regulatory intervention on store card interest rates, for a panel of UK store cards. The analysis is timely given the public attention that high store card interest rates have attracted in the UK, and the enquiries by the Office of Fair Trading and the Competition Commission into the industry. Panel data Tobit estimation methods are used in conjunction with intervention analysis so that the impact of the investigations on store card interest rates can be exami...

  12. An artefact to analyse unstructured document data stores / by André Romeo Botes

    OpenAIRE

    Botes, André Romeo

    2014-01-01

    Structured data stores have been the dominating technologies for the past few decades. Although dominating, structured data stores lack the functionality to handle the ‘Big Data’ phenomenon. A new technology has recently emerged which stores unstructured data and can handle the ‘Big Data’ phenomenon. This study describes the development of an artefact to aid in the analysis of NoSQL document data stores in terms of relational database model constructs. Design science research (DSR) is the met...

  13. Vision (im)possible? The effects of in-store signage on customers’ visual attention

    OpenAIRE

    Otterbring, Tobias; Wästlund, Erik; Gustafsson, Anders; Shams, Poja

    2014-01-01

    We used two eye-tracking field experiments to investigate the extent to which in-store signage is used during navigation and decision making, and how the viewing of signage influences customers’ visual attention and choice behavior. One hundred and seventy-five customers at a grocery store were exposed to signage stimuli while carrying out predefined shopping tasks. Experiment 1 shows that attention toward signage is affected by customers’ levels of store familiarity and in-store search stage...

  14. Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, and Purchasing Behavior in Retail Stores: The Effects of Patience and Service

    OpenAIRE

    Hildur Benediktsdóttir 1990

    2014-01-01

    Customer loyalty and satisfaction are two of the most influential factors on stores’ profits and they are mostly based on customers feelings toward to the store. The current study tried to demonstrate the effect of customers’ patience on customer satisfaction and loyalty, as well as evaluate the effect of receiving or not receiving service in a service department on purchasing behavior. The study focused on three retail stores: an electronics store, a high-end grocery store and low-end one. T...

  15. Exploring consumers' references with regard to department and specialist food stores

    OpenAIRE

    Lombard, Ene; Van Der Merwe, Magdalena D; Kruger, Nadia; Jacobs, Sunelle Agnes

    2009-01-01

    Consumers' lifestyle changes and striving towards better time management have resulted in the greater choice they are offered with regard to store formats. Therefore, this study was undertaken to identify the factors that influence consumers in their patronage of a particular store format and to categorize department and specialist food store consumers according to their preferences in store layout and product range in a South African context. A qualitative research approach was used and data...

  16. Marketing and Customer Relationship Management for ONYOU Home Textiles Franchise Store in Hefei, China

    OpenAIRE

    Gu, Wanqing

    2014-01-01

    ONYOU bamboo fiber home textile franchise store is a small business located in Hefei City, Anhui Province, China. It has been running more than three years since ONYOU franchise store was set up on March 2010. It has gone through the good times and also tough times, there are still chal-lenges and threaths existing that this store needs to confront. In this thesis report, the marketing and customer relationship management suggestions has been designed for ONYOU franchise store and so...

  17. Many Facets of Strangeness Nuclear Physics with Stored Antiprotons

    CERN Document Server

    Pochodzalla, Josef; Lorente, Alicia Sanchez; Rojo, Marta Martinez; Steinen, Marcell; Gerl, Jürgen; Kojouharova, Jasmina; Kojouharova, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Stored antiprotons beams in the GeV range represent a unparalleled factory for hyperon-antihyperon pairs. Their outstanding large production probability in antiproton collisions will open the floodgates for a series of new studies of strange hadronic systems with unprecedented precision. The behavior of hyperons and -- for the first time -- of antihyperons in nuclear systems can be studied under well controlled conditions. The exclusive production of $\\Lambda\\bar{\\Lambda}$ and $\\Sigma^-\\bar{\\Lambda}$ pairs in antiproton-nucleus interactions probe the neutron and proton distribution in the nuclear periphery and will help to sample the neutron skin. For the first time, high resolution $\\gamma$-spectroscopy of doubly strange nuclei will be performed, thus complementing measurements of ground state decays of double hypernuclei with mesons beams at J-PARC or possible decays of particle unstable hypernuclei in heavy ion reactions. High resolution spectroscopy of multistrange $\\Xi$-atoms are feasible and even the pr...

  18. Next-generation navigational infrastructure and the ATLAS event store

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ATLAS event store employs a persistence framework with extensive navigational capabilities. These include real-time back navigation to upstream processing stages, externalizable data object references, navigation from any data object to any other both within a single file and across files, and more. The 2013-2014 shutdown of the Large Hadron Collider provides an opportunity to enhance this infrastructure in several ways that both extend these capabilities and allow the collaboration to better exploit emerging computing platforms. Enhancements include redesign with efficient file merging in mind, content-based indices in optimized reference types, and support for forward references. The latter provide the potential to construct valid references to data before those data are written, a capability that is useful in a variety of multithreading, multiprocessing, distributed processing, and deferred processing scenarios. This paper describes the architecture and design of the next generation of ATLAS navigational infrastructure.

  19. Design Qualification of an External Store for a Fighter Aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.B. Goley

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE has designed and developed an externalstore for fitment on a fighter aircraft. The external store has the poded structure and can be usedfor installation of a variety of payloads up to 250 kg. The mechanical details of the electronicsto be fitted inside the pod can be worked out as per application. The pod has been designedkeeping this in mind and based on the functional, mechanical, structural, and aerodynamicrequirements. The designed and fabricated pod has undergone various qualification tests. Thepaper brings out the details of the pod design, and the various structural and environmentalqualification tests carried out. The pod thus designed and qualified has been validated throughcarriage trials by fitting the pod on the platform intended for it. The pod is likely to be inductedinto the Services shortly.

  20. Storing syngas lowers the carbon price for profitable coal gasification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcomer, Adam; Apt, Jay

    2007-12-01

    Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) electric power generation systems with carbon capture and sequestration have desirable environmental qualities but are not profitable when the carbon dioxide price is less than approximately $50 per metric ton. We examine whether an IGCC facility that operates its gasifier continuously butstores the syngas and produces electricity only when daily prices are high may be profitable at significantly lower CO2 prices. Using a probabilistic analysis, we have calculated the plant-level return on investment (ROI) and the value of syngas storage for IGCC facilities located in the U.S. Midwest using a range of storage configurations. Adding a second turbine to use the stored syngas to generate electricity at peak hours and implementing 12 h of above-ground high-pressure syngas storage significantly increases the ROI and net present value. Storage lowers the carbon price at which IGCC enters the U.S. generation mix by approximately 25%. PMID:18186325

  1. Next-Generation Navigational Infrastructure and the ATLAS Event Store

    CERN Document Server

    van Gemmeren, P; The ATLAS collaboration; Nowak, M

    2014-01-01

    The ATLAS event store employs a persistence framework with extensive navigational capabilities. These include real-time back navigation to upstream processing stages, externalizable data object references, navigation from any data object to any other both within a single file and across files, and more. The 2013-2014 shutdown of the Large Hadron Collider provides an opportunity to enhance this infrastructure in several ways that both extend these capabilities and allow the collaboration to better exploit emerging computing platforms. Enhancements include redesign with efficient file merging in mind, content-based indices in optimized reference types, and support for forward references. The latter provide the potential to construct valid references to data before those data are written, a capability that is useful in a variety of multithreading, multiprocessing, distributed processing, and deferred processing scenarios. This paper describes the architecture and design of the next generation of ATLAS navigation...

  2. Next-Generation Navigational Infrastructure and the ATLAS Event Store

    CERN Document Server

    van Gemmeren, P; The ATLAS collaboration; Nowak, M

    2013-01-01

    The ATLAS event store employs a persistence framework with extensive navigational capabilities. These include real-time back navigation to upstream processing stages, externalizable data object references, navigation from any data object to any other both within a single file and across files, and more. The 2013-2014 shutdown of the Large Hadron Collider provides an opportunity to enhance this infrastructure in several ways that both extend these capabilities and allow the collaboration to better exploit emerging computing platforms. Enhancements include redesign with efficient file merging in mind, content-based indices in optimized reference types, and support for forward references. The latter provide the potential to construct valid references to data before those data are written, a capability that is useful in a variety of multithreading, multiprocessing, distributed processing, and deferred processing scenarios. This paper describes the architecture and design of the next generation of ATLAS navigation...

  3. Design and Evaluation of Mechanisms for a Multicomputer Object Store

    CERN Document Server

    Weaver, L

    2000-01-01

    Multicomputers have traditionally been viewed as powerful compute engines. It is from this perspective that they have been applied to various problems in order to achieve significant performance gains. There are many applications for which this compute intensive approach is only a partial solution. CAD, virtual reality, simulation, document management and analysis all require timely access to large amounts of data. This thesis investigates the use of the object store paradigm to harness the large distributed memories found on multicomputers. The design, implementation, and evaluation of a distributed object server on the Fujitsu AP1000 is described. The performance of the distributed object server under example applications, mainly physical simulation problems, is used to evaluate solutions to the problems of client space recovery, object migration, and coherence maintenance...

  4. Diatomaceous earths as alternatives to chemical insecticides in stored grain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AMIN NIKPAY

    2006-01-01

    Diatomaceous earth (DE) is a natural inert dust used to control insect pests in stored grain as an alternative to synthetic residual insecticides. Various DE formulations are now registered as a grain protectant or for structural treatment in many different countries throughout the world. The mode of action of DE is through the absorption of cuticular waxes in the insect cuticle,and insect death occurs from desiccation. The main advantages of using DE are its low mammalian toxicity and its stability. The main limitations to widespread commercial use of DE are reduction of the bulk density and flowability of grain,irritant hazards during application and reduction in efficacy at high moisture contents. This paper is an updated review of published results of researches related to the use of DEs and discusses their potential use in large-scale,commercial storage and in small scale applications.

  5. Low-level stored waste inspection using mobile robots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A mobile robot inspection system, ARIES (Autonomous Robotic Inspection Experimental System), has been developed for the U.S. Department of Energy to replace human inspectors in the routine, regulated inspection of radioactive waste stored in drums. The robot will roam the three-foot aisles of drums, stacked four high, making decisions about the surface condition of the drums and maintaining a database of information about each drum. A distributed system of onboard and offboard computers will provide versatile, friendly control of the inspection process. This mobile robot system, based on a commercial mobile platform, will improve the quality of inspection, generate required reports, and relieve human operators from low-level radioactive exposure. This paper describes and discusses primarily the computer and control processes for the system

  6. Structure of cooling and storing facility for radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is disposed a structure of a ventilation pipe assembly having such a shape that adjacent ventilation pipes are connected with each other. The structure of ventilation pipe assembly is supported in a storage pit. With such a constitution, the ventilation pipes can be disposed each at a minimum gap without being restricted by a support structure as in a conventional constitution in which individual ventilation pipes are supported by support structures. Accordingly, the density of arranging the contained pipes can be minimized. The size of the cooling/storing controlling facility can be reduced for a predetermined storage amount, and the capacity for the storage can be increased for a storage facility of the same area. A large support structure is no more necessary thereby enabling to reduce the construction cost. (T.M.)

  7. Single molecule microscopy on Store-Operated Calcium channels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Store-Operated Calcium Entry is essential for many signaling processes in non-excitable cells. The best studied Store-Operated Calcium current is the Calcium-Release-Activated-Calcium (CRAC) current in T-cells and mast cells, with Orai1 representing the essential pore forming subunit. Functional CRAC channels in store-depleted cells are composed of four Orai1 subunits. However, the stoichiometric composition in resting cells is still discussed controversially: both a tetrameric and a dimeric stoichiometry of resting-state Orai1 have been reported for immobilized or immobile Orai1 proteins. The aim of this thesis was to design a more versatile approach that allows reliable determination of the subunit stoichiometry of mobile Orai1 channels. The motive for this approach is that mobile sub-fractions of the entire Orai1 population provide the cleanest pool of data, devoid of contributions e.g. from immobile Orai1 clusters or Orai1-loaded vesicles attached to the plasma membrane. Moreover, resting-state Orai1 is predominantly mobile, and mobility appears critical for the lateral redistribution which occurs upon store depletion. The method per se is based on single molecule fluorescence microscopy and brightness analysis. Orai1 proteins were fused to a monomeric variant of Green Fluorescent Protein (mGFP) and over-expressed in a human cell line (T24). The 1:1 labeling stoichiometry allows using the brightness of individual Orai1-mGFP channels as a direct measure of the pore stoichiometry. Due to over-expression a potential mixing with endogenous Orai1 can be neglected. However, over-expression of Orai1-mGFP results in channel densities that are too high to allow for resolving single channels using diffraction limited optical microscopy. In order to overcome this challenge, I developed an experimental strategy that allows reduction of the density of actively fluorescent Orai1-mGFP channels without altering the labeling stoichiometry. In order to reduce the surface density

  8. Video-CRM: understanding customer behaviors in stores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haritaoglu, Ismail; Flickner, Myron; Beymer, David

    2013-03-01

    This paper describes two real-time computer vision systems created 10 years ago that detect and track people in stores to obtain insights of customer behavior while shopping. The first system uses a single color camera to identify shopping groups in the checkout line. Shopping groups are identified by analyzing the inter-body distances coupled with the cashier's activities to detect checkout transactions start and end times. The second system uses multiple overhead narrow-baseline stereo cameras to detect and track people, their body posture and parts to understand customer interactions with products such as "customer picking a product from a shelf". In pilot studies both systems demonstrated real-time performance and sufficient accuracy to enable more detailed understanding of customer behavior and extract actionable real-time retail analytics.

  9. Method of manufacturing a solidified body for storing radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Object: To manufacture, at a relatively low temperature and in a short time, a solidified body for storing radioactive waste in which radioactive solids permeate sufficiently into a filler. Structure: A radioactive solid such as sodium sulfate pellet is heated at a level more than a softening point of a thermoplastic material (for example, such as asphalt, polyethylene) as a filler, and thereafter, the heated radioactive solid is filled into a storage vessel together with a molten thermoplastic material. It should be noted that after the radioactive solid is put into the vessel, the solid may be heated along with the vessel, after which the molten thermoplastic material may be filled into the vessel. (Nakamura, S.)

  10. Quantified Risk Assessment for Plants Producing and Storing Explosives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ioannis A. Papazoglou; Panagiotis Saravanos; Ieronymos Giakoumatos; Olga N. Aneziris

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a methodology for risk assessment of plants producing and storing explosives. The major procedural steps for quantified risk assessment (QRA) in explosive plants are the following: hazard identification, accident sequence modeling, data acquisition, accident sequence quantification, consequence assessment and integration of results.This methodology is demonstrated and applied in an explosive plant consisting of four separate units, which produce detonating cord, nitroglycol, dynamites and ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO). A GIS platform is used for depicting individual risk from explosions in this plant. Total individual risk is equal to 1.0 × 10-4/y in a distance of 340m from the center of the plant, and 1.0 × 10-6/y in a distance of 390m from the center of the plant.

  11. Wind effects on a natural convection cooled dry fuel store

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A large modular natural convection cooled Dry Fuel Store has been designed for the CEGB. The effect of prevailing winds on the performance of the cooling system was recognized as of great importance and prompted a comprehensive testing and development program. Four aspects were investigated: wind loading on the structure, dispersion of plumes from the stacks, wind induced pressure differences acting on the internal circuit and local inflow effects on the stacks. A low speed wind tunnel was used to test 1/300 scale models of the entire building complex and a 1/30 scale model of the stack and roof sections. Theory was developed and validated to predict the variations in cooling system performance for various wind speeds and directions. The work resulted in significant design changes to the stacks, air inlets and building shape to minimize external effects. The importance of undertaking adequate and representative wind tunnel development testing to achieve a quantitative understanding is stressed

  12. Advertising Discourse Analysis of FES stores: Killing Love, Cowards Show

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Venegas Ahumada

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective is to analyze the structural and photographic discourse of the Autumn-Winter campaign 2008 of FES stores for young people. This was done by a semiotic theory and a critical-structural methodology of discourse. An analysis of 4 advertising photographs was done, and at once an analysis of the discourse “FES says no to violence against Women”, which explains the campaign’s target. The result is: The discourse was subjected to production condition (society of control and makes advertising a way to homogenize subjectivity of masses to consume. Recognition conditions demonstrate that this advertising discourse of symbolic violence means a type of violation of Men and Women Rights. An action like this requires commitment of Psychology in order to promote the social humanizing change, by means of university teaching and professional tasks.

  13. Time-dependent histamine release from stored human blood products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Edvardsen, L; Vangsgaard, K;

    1996-01-01

    Perioperative transfusion of whole blood has been shown to amplify trauma-induced immunosuppression, which could be attenuated by perioperative administration of histamine2 receptor antagonists. Supernatants from different blood products were, therefore, analysed for histamine content during...... storage. Whole blood (six units), plasma-reduced whole blood (six units), and plasma- and buffy coat-reduced (saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol) (SAGM) blood (six units) from unpaid healthy donors were stored in the blood bank for 35 days at 4 degrees C. Plasma histamine and total cell-bound histamine...... content at donation, and histamine concentration in samples drawn from the units on days 0, 2, 5, 9, 14, 21, 28 and 35 were analysed with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Median plasma histamine concentration was 4.8 (range 1.9-14.3) nmol/l (n = 18). Median total cell-bound histamine content was 417...

  14. Studies of Atomic Free Radicals Stored in a Cryogenic Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, David M.; Hubbard, Dorthy (Technical Monitor); Alexander, Glen (Technical Monitor)

    2003-01-01

    Impurity-Helium Solids are porous gel-like solids consisting of impurity atoms and molecules surrounded by thin layers of solid helium. They provide an ideal medium for matrix isolation of free radicals to prevent recombination and store chemical energy. In this work electron spin resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, and ultrasound techniques have all been employed to study the properties of these substances. Detailed studies via electron spin resonance of exchange tunneling chemical reactions involving hydrogen and deuterium molecular and atomic impurities in these solids have been performed and compared with theory. Concentrations of hydrogen approaching the quantum solid criterion have been produced. Structured studies involving X ray diffraction, ultrasound, and electron spin resonance have shown that the impurities in impurity helium solids are predominantly contained in impurity clusters, with each cluster being surrounded by thin layers of solid helium.

  15. Reply to Comments on "Stored energies and radiation Q"

    CERN Document Server

    Geyi, Wen

    2015-01-01

    It will be shown that the comment [1] contains numerous errors, misconceptions, inaccuracies, false assumptions, misunderstandings and unjustified claims. The analysis of the comment is built on a false assumption that the terminal current of an antenna fed by a waveguide is independent of frequency. This false assumption arises from the misunderstandings on the basic theory of transmission lines and misconceptions of normalization for a linear system. As a result, all the equations obtained from the assumption in the comment are incorrect, and the related discussions are untruthful. The delta gap source modeling has been abused in the comment, and this is reflected in the numerical results in the comment that give rise to negative stored energy. The main results of the commented paper have been misinterpreted by the authors of the comment, and the related analysis is established on illogical reasoning. The comment fails to pinpoint any errors in the commented paper. Instead, it reveals that the main results ...

  16. Solitary pulmonary MALT lymphoma presenting crystal-storing histiocytosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaharu, Keiki; Kageyama, Yuki; Watanabe, Takuya; Yamaguchi, Takanori; Ito, Ryugo; Baba, Youichirou; Masuya, Masahiro; Ohashi, Riuko; Kawakami, Keiki

    2016-08-01

    Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is characterized by the accumulation of large histiocytes with intracytoplasmic crystallized immunoglobulin and is typically associated with hematological malignancies. A 69-year-old man, who had a history of left nephrectomy and chemotherapy for renal pelvic cancer six years earlier, had received a CT scan every year thereafter and a small nodule was found in the left lower lobe of his lungs two years prior to the current presentation. Because of progression of this pulmonary nodule, he underwent pulmonary lobectomy on suspicion of lung cancer. He was ultimately diagnosed as having CSH accompanied by mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma stage IAE. In the absence of further treatment, he has been well with no recurrence of the disease for 10 months postoperatively. Because CSH could reportedly be an initial presentation of hematological malignancies, careful observation and evaluation for the presence of these blood disorders is essential. PMID:27599420

  17. Learning iPhone Programming From Xcode to App Store

    CERN Document Server

    Allan, Alasdair

    2010-01-01

    Get the hands-on experience you need to program for the iPhone and iPod Touch. With this easy-to-follow guide, you'll build several sample applications by learning how to use Xcode tools, the Objective-C programming language, and the core frameworks. Before you know it, you'll not only have the skills to develop your own apps, you'll know how to sail through the process of submitting apps to the iTunes App Store. Whether you're a developer new to Mac programming or an experienced Mac developer ready to tackle the iPhone and iPod Touch, Learning iPhone Programming will give you a head start o

  18. Thermotherapy on physiological and health quality of stored Jatropha seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Fernanda Schneider

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Among the many species that can be used to obtain vegetable oil for energy, Jatropha is considered one of the best options. Therefore, it is necessary to have seeds with good physiological and health quality in order to have a good establishment of plants in the field. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of heat treatment to the control of seed-borne pathogens in stored Jatropha seeds. The experimental design was completely randomized with a factorial 5x4 (five periods of storage x four treatment temperatures. The seeds of Jatropha were collected in Dourados - MS, and were subjected to processing and sun drying, and then stored in a dry chamber in glass flaskswith a screw cap and a capacity of 500 mL, for periods of 0, 90, 180, 270, and 360 days. After each storage period, seeds were subjected to thermotherapy by immersion in hot water at temperatures of 45°C, 50°C, and 55°C for 15 minutes; the control treatment was immersed in water at room temperature (25±2°C for 15 minutes. The parameters evaluated were: moisture content, germinations, germination speed index, electrical conductivity and health. Heat treatment at temperatures of 45°C, 50°C and 55°C don’t affect germination and the cell membrane integrity of the seed. After 180 days the use of thermotherapy contributed to the conservation of seed vigor. The fungus Penicillium sp. and Acremonium sp. are eliminated by thermotherapy at temperatures of 45°C, 50°C and 55°C, and Aspergillus sp. is controlled at a temperature of 55°C in periods of storage of 180 and 270 days.

  19. Energy stores, lipid mobilization and leptin endocrinology of rainbow trout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Marcus; Morgenroth, Daniel; Einarsdottir, Ingibjörg Eir; Gong, Ningping; Björnsson, Björn Thrandur

    2016-08-01

    The physiological role of leptin in fish is not fully elucidated. In the present study, the involvement of the leptin system in lipid deposition and mobilization in rainbow trout during feeding and 1, 2 and 4 weeks of fasting was investigated in two lines of rainbow trout with different muscle and visceral adiposity: a fat line (FL) with high total energy reserves, high muscle adiposity, but low visceral adiposity and a lean line (LL) with lower total energy reserves and lower muscle adiposity, but higher visceral adiposity. During 4 weeks of fasting, muscle lipids decreased by 63 % in the FL fish, while no such energy mobilization from muscle occurred in the LL fish. On the other hand, lipid stores in liver and visceral adipose tissue was utilized to a similar extent by the two fish lines during fasting. Under normal feeding conditions, plasma leptin levels were higher in the LL than the FL fish, suggesting a possible contribution of visceral adipocytes to plasma leptin levels. Plasma leptin-binding protein levels did not differ between the lines and were not affected by fasting. After 4 weeks of fasting, the long leptin receptor and the leptin-binding protein isoforms 1 and 3 muscle expression increased in the LL fish, as well as hepatic expression of leptin A1 and the two binding protein isoforms. These responses were not seen in the FL fish. The data suggest that the Lep system in rainbow trout is involved in regulation of energy stores and their mobilization. PMID:27083432

  20. Controlled Vocabulary Service Application for Environmental Data Store

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, P.; Piasecki, M.; Lovell, R.

    2013-12-01

    In this paper we present a controlled vocabulary service application for Environmental Data Store (EDS). The purpose for such application is to help researchers and investigators to archive, manage, share, search, and retrieve data efficiently in EDS. The Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is used in the application for the representation of the controlled vocabularies coming from EDS. The controlled vocabularies of EDS are created by collecting, comparing, choosing and merging controlled vocabularies, taxonomies and ontologies widely used and recognized in geoscience/environmental informatics community, such as Environment ontology (EnvO), Semantic Web for Earth and Environmental Terminology (SWEET) ontology, CUAHSI Hydrologic Ontology and ODM Controlled Vocabulary, National Environmental Methods Index (NEMI), National Water Information System (NWIS) codes, EPSG Geodetic Parameter Data Set, WQX domain value etc. TemaTres, an open-source, web -based thesaurus management package is employed and extended to create and manage controlled vocabularies of EDS in the application. TemaTresView and VisualVocabulary that work well with TemaTres, are also integrated in the application to provide tree view and graphical view of the structure of vocabularies. The Open Source Edition of Virtuoso Universal Server is set up to provide a Web interface to make SPARQL queries against controlled vocabularies hosted on the Environmental Data Store. The replicas of some of the key vocabularies commonly used in the community, are also maintained as part of the application, such as General Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus (GEMET), NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Standard Names, etc.. The application has now been deployed as an elementary and experimental prototype that provides management, search and download controlled vocabularies of EDS under SKOS framework.

  1. Polarizing a stored proton beam by spin-flip?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present thesis discusses the extraction of the electron-proton spin-flip cross-section. The experimental setup, the data analysis and the results are pictured in detail. The proton is described by a QCD-based parton model. In leading twist three functions are needed. The quark distribution, the helicity distribution and the transversity distribution. While the first two are well-known, the transversity distribution is largely unknown. A self-sufficient measurement of the transversity is possible in double polarized proton-antiproton scattering. This rises the need of a polarized antiproton beam. So far spin filtering is the only tested method to produce a polarized proton beam, which may be capable to hold also for antiprotons. In-situ polarization build-up of a stored beam either by selective removal or by spin-flip of a spin-(1)/(2) beam is mathematically described. A high spin-flip cross-section would create an effective method to produce a polarized antiproton beam by polarized positrons. Prompted by conflicting calculations, a measurement of the spin-flip cross-section in low-energy electron-proton scattering was carried out. This experiment uses the electron beam of the electron cooler at COSY as an electron target. The depolarization of the stored proton beam is detected. An overview of the experiment is followed by detailed descriptions of the cycle setup, of the electron target and the ANKE silicon tracking telescopes acting as a beam polarimeter. Elastic protondeuteron scattering is the analyzing reaction. The event selection is depicted and the beam polarization is calculated. Upper limits of the two electron-proton spin-flip cross-sections σ parallel and σ perpendicularto are deduced using the likelihood method. (orig.)

  2. Polarizing a stored proton beam by spin-flip?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oellers, Dieter Gerd Christian

    2010-04-15

    The present thesis discusses the extraction of the electron-proton spin-flip cross-section. The experimental setup, the data analysis and the results are pictured in detail. The proton is described by a QCD-based parton model. In leading twist three functions are needed. The quark distribution, the helicity distribution and the transversity distribution. While the first two are well-known, the transversity distribution is largely unknown. A self-sufficient measurement of the transversity is possible in double polarized proton-antiproton scattering. This rises the need of a polarized antiproton beam. So far spin filtering is the only tested method to produce a polarized proton beam, which may be capable to hold also for antiprotons. In-situ polarization build-up of a stored beam either by selective removal or by spin-flip of a spin-(1)/(2) beam is mathematically described. A high spin-flip cross-section would create an effective method to produce a polarized antiproton beam by polarized positrons. Prompted by conflicting calculations, a measurement of the spin-flip cross-section in low-energy electron-proton scattering was carried out. This experiment uses the electron beam of the electron cooler at COSY as an electron target. The depolarization of the stored proton beam is detected. An overview of the experiment is followed by detailed descriptions of the cycle setup, of the electron target and the ANKE silicon tracking telescopes acting as a beam polarimeter. Elastic protondeuteron scattering is the analyzing reaction. The event selection is depicted and the beam polarization is calculated. Upper limits of the two electron-proton spin-flip cross-sections {sigma} {sub parallel} and {sigma} {sub perpendicular} {sub to} are deduced using the likelihood method. (orig.)

  3. Targeting Consumers by Store - The Basis of Increased Sales with Less Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Ubilava, David; Foster, Kenneth A.

    2007-01-01

    Conditional Logit approach was used to analyze the Choice Experiment data obtained from the grocery stores and supermarket of Tbilisi, Georgia. Results show that customers' preferences for selected pork attributes in different stores are not the same. So, targeting customers by store can be beneficial marketing tool for pork suppliers.

  4. Explaining Online Purchase Intentions: A Multi-Channel Store Image Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolen, van Willemijn; Verhagen, Tibert

    2007-01-01

    This study is one of the few empirical works addressing the impact of offline and online store impressions on consumer online purchase intentions. Building upon the literature on store image and consumer online purchasing, we propose positive effects of online store image and suggest mixed influence

  5. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 231 - In-Store Banking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false In-Store Banking B Appendix B to Part 231.... 231, App. B Appendix B to Part 231—In-Store Banking A. Selection Process. The purpose of this guidance... provide in-store banking services when such services are desired and approved by the...

  6. 76 FR 51308 - Retail Food Store Advertising and Marketing Practices Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... unfair or deceptive act or practice for ``retail food stores'' to advertise ``food, grocery products or... Store Advertising and Marketing Practices: Statement of Basis and Purpose: The Rule, 36 FR 8777 (May 13... Rule Concerning Retail Food Store Advertising and Marketing Practices, 54 FR 35456 (Aug. 28, 1989)....

  7. 7 CFR 1421.106 - Warehouse-stored marketing assistance loan collateral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Warehouse-stored marketing assistance loan collateral... Marketing Assistance Loans § 1421.106 Warehouse-stored marketing assistance loan collateral. (a) A commodity may be pledged as collateral for a warehouse-stored marketing assistance loan in the...

  8. Men’s Suits Retail Sales in Top 22 BJ Department Stores Worth CNY202 million

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The retail sales data of Beijing department stores is based on the sales receipts of more than 20 Beijing department stores each month, the following is an analysis of the sales performance of men’s suits and stores by price range.

  9. Investigating the Effect of Social Stimulants of Store Atmosphere on Buyer Extra-role Behavior A Study of Refah Chain Stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshteh Mansouri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, it is impossible for retailers to establish a competitive and successful store Atmosphere in the marketplace via making a distinction in the outer facades of their stores, altering the pricing system, and diversifying the products offered in the store, due to the intense competition emerged in retailing markets. In addition to the economic effect on buyers’ behavior, the stores should try their best to attain their goals by less costing. Furthermore, as retailers can change the buyers’ behavior to the extra-role behavior, they can attain more appropriate goals. The social stimulants of store Atmosphere is one of the most important and effective factors on buyers’ behavior at shopping place. So, In this research We’ve connected these variables according to the different studies and designed our model. The statistical society of this study is customers of Refah chain stores in Tehran and The number of sample is 413 people that they were in sore. Validity of questionnaire was calculated based on opinions of university professors, vendors and also through factor analysis. We’ve also used Coefficient alpha (Cronbach, 87 percent and split half (83 percent for getting the reliability(83 percent. According to the results, it was confirmed that Social Stimulants of store atmosphere in Refah chain stores have effect on emotional-cognitive indicators and at a result, they have effect on buyer extra role behavior and this effect is not affected by buyers gender and age

  10. The Factors Influencing the Choice of Grocery Store among Finnish Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Laine, Kirsi

    2014-01-01

    This thesis discusses the factors influencing the Finnish consumers’ choice of grocery store as well as impulse buying. The main research objective is to define the effects of bought, owned and earned media on the grocery store choice. The three sub-objectives are: 1) grocery shopping frequency among Finnish consumers, 2) the shopping companion at a grocery store and the decision-maker concerning the store, and 3) the usage of shopping lists and impulse buying in grocery stores. The 4P model ...

  11. INFORMATION FOR THE USERS OF THE SELF-SERVICE STORES ON THE MEYRIN & PREVESSIN SITES

    CERN Multimedia

    Logistics Group

    2001-01-01

    In accordance with the Management Board's decision to rationalise the two self-service stores on the Meyrin and Prévessin sites, the users of these stores are hereby informed of the new arrangements. As of 2nd July 2001, the self-service stores will open on a half-time basis, i.e.: MEYRIN SITE SELF-SERVICE STORE (BUILDING 113) 9.00 a.m. to 12.00 midday PREVESSIN SITE SELF-SERVICE STORE (BUILDING 904) 2.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.

  12. INFORMATION FOR THE USERS OF THE SELF-SERVICES STORES ON THE MEYRIN AND PREVESSIN SITES

    CERN Multimedia

    Logistics Group

    2001-01-01

    In accordance with the Management Board's decision to rationalise the two self-service stores on the Meyrin and Prévessin sites, the users of these stores are hereby informed of the new arrangements. As of 2nd July 2001, the self-service stores will open on a half-time basis, i.e.: MEYRIN SITE SELF-SERVICE STORE (BUILDING 113) 9.00 a.m. to 12.00 midday PREVESSIN SITE SELF-SERVICE STORE (BUILDING 904) 2.30 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.

  13. Treated Carbon Nanofibers for Storing Energy in Aqueous KOH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firsich, David W.

    2004-01-01

    A surface treatment has been found to enhance the performances of carbon nanofibers as electrode materials for electrochemical capacitors in which aqueous solutions of potassium hydroxide are used as the electrolytes. In the treatment, sulfonic acid groups are attached to edge plane sites on carbon atoms. The treatment is applicable to a variety of carbon nanofibers, including fibrils and both single- and multiple-wall nanotubes. The reason for choosing nanofibers over powders and other forms of carbon is that nanofibers offer greater power features. In previous research, it was found that the surface treatment of carbon nanofibers increased energy-storage densities in the presence of acid electrolytes. Now, it has been found that the same treatment increases energy-storage densities of carbon nanofibers in the presence of alkaline electrolytes when the carbon is paired with a NiOOH electrode. This beneficial effect varies depending on the variety of carbon substrate to which it is applied. It has been conjectured that the sulfonic acid groups, which exist in a deprotonated state in aqueous KOH solutions, undergo reversible electro-chemical reactions that are responsible for the observed increases in energystorage capacities. The increases can be considerable: For example, in one case, nanofibers exhibited a specific capacitance of 34 Farads per gram before treatment and 172 Farads per gram (an increase of about 400 percent) after treatment. The most promising application of this development appears to lie in hybrid capacitors, which are devices designed primarily for storing energy. These devices are designed to be capable of (1) discharge at rates greater than those of batteries and (2) storing energy at densities approaching those of batteries. A hybrid capacitor includes one electrode like that of a battery and one electrode like that of an electrochemical capacitor. For example, a hybrid capacitor could contain a potassium hydroxide solution as the electrolyte

  14. Filling, storing and draining. Three key aspects of landslide hydrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogaard, Thom; Greco, Roberto

    2016-04-01

    Rainfall-triggered landslides are among the most widespread hazards in the world. The hydrology in and around a landslide area is key to pore pressure build-up in the soil skeleton which reduces shear strength due to the buoyancy force exerted by water in a saturated soil and to soil suction in an unsaturated soil. Extraordinary precipitation events trigger most of the landslides, but, at the same time, the vast majority of slopes do not fail. The intriguing question is: 'When and where exactly can a slope become triggered to slide and flow downwards?' The objective of this article is to present and discuss landslide hydrology at three scales - pore, hillslope, and catchment - which, taken together, give an overview of this interdisciplinary science. In fact, for rainfall-triggered landslides to occur, an unfavourable hydrological interplay should exist between fast and/or prolonged infiltration, and a relatively 'slow' drainage. The competition of water storage, pressure build-up and the subsequently induced drainage contains the importance of the timing, which is indisputably one of the more delicate but relevant aspects of landslide modelling, the overlay of hydrological processes with different time scales. As slopes generally remain stable, we can argue that effective drainage mechanisms spontaneously develop, as the best for a slope to stay stable is getting rid of the overload of water (above field capacity), either vertically or laterally. So, landslide hydrology could be framed as 'Filling-Storing-Draining'. Obviously, 'Storing' is added to stress the importance of dynamic pressure build-up for slope stability. 'Draining' includes all removal of water from the system (vertical and lateral flow, evaporation and transpiration) and thus pore water pressure release. Furthermore, by addressing landslide hydrology from both earth sciences and soil mechanics perspectives, we aim to manifest the hydrological processes in hillslopes and their influence on behaviour

  15. Fjernsynet som shaman: Om store mediebegivenheders transformative virkninger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Dayan

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available Den direkte transmission af levende begivenheder har altid været TV- mediets særlige styrke, hvad enten det drejer sig om fodboldkampe, Lørdagskanalen eller kongebrylluper. Medieforskerne har da også interesseret sig for fjernsynets formidling af sportsbegivenheder og der er blevet lavet analyser af Kanaludsendelserne. Men hverken i Danmark eller andre steder har forskerne fundet det interessant at undersøge de store, ceremonielle mediebegivenheder. Det er Dayan & Katz´ projekt at udfylde dette tomrum i medie- og kul- turforskningen: Hvad er det, der fascinerer millioner ved disse TV- ceremonier, der ofte ikke blot henvender sig til et enkelt lands seere, men transmitteres til og ses af store dele af verden? Hvordan fungere disse begivenheder - hvad enten det drejer sig om Præsident Kennedys begravelse, Sadats besøg i Jerusalem, Månelandingen eller Watergate- høringerne - ideologisk, og hvilke interesser tjener de dermed i den politiske offentlighed? I denne artikel, der er et bearbejdet uddrag af den bog, projektet skal munde ud i, beskæftiger Dayan & Katz sig især med det de kalder "transformative" mediebegivenheder, dvs. TV-ceremonier der markerer, at et samfund står ved en tærskel mellem den herskende orden og en ny mulig orden, og som selv er et aktivt og aktiverende bidrag til forvand- lingen af kulturelle opfattelser og værdier. Artiklens perpektiv er udpræget tværvidenskabeligt, idet der trækkes på såvel kulturantropologiske (Levi-Strauss, Geertz, Turner som filosofiske (Bakhtin, Baudrillard, sprogteoretiske (Austin og traditionelt samfunds- videnskabelige/mediesociologiske (Boorstin arbejder. I artiklens første halvdel foretages der en afgrænsning af transformative over for andre ceremonielle begivenheder. I anden halvdel gennemgås de fem faser, som udgør transformative begivenheders typiske struktur. Artiklen er bearbejdet af Jørgen Bang og Kim Schrøder. Den er oversat af Kim Schrøder.

  16. AEROELASTIC FLUTTER ANALYSIS OF SUPERSONIC WING WITH MULTIPLE EXTERNAL STORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Azam

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Flutter may be considered to be one of the most dangerous aeroelastic failure phenomenon. The flutter characteristic differs for each aircraft type, and depends on the wing geometry as well as its operational region of subsonic, transonic or supersonic speeds. Prior to performing a flight flutter test, extensive numerical simulations and Ground Vibration Test should be conducted where the structural finite element modes and the experimentation results should be matched, otherwise the numerical simulation model must be rejected. In this paper, the analysis of simulation of a supersonic wing equipped with external missiles loaded on the wing is presented. The structural mode shapes at each generated frequency are also visually presented. The analysis is carried out using MSC Nastran FEM software. The wing flutter with the external stores was simulated at different altitudes. The result shows that the flutter velocity is sensitive to the flight altitude. For this reason, the flutter analysis is conducted also for a negative altitude. The negative altitude is obtained by considering the constant equivalent speed-Mach number rule at the flutter speed boundary as a requirement in standard regulation of transport aircraft. ABSTRAK: Salah satu fenomena kegagalan aeroelastik yang paling membahayakan adalah kipasan (flutter. Ciri-ciri kegagalan kipasan (flutter adalah berbeza untuk setiap jenis pesawat bergantung pada geometri sayap dan regim operasi sama ada subsonik, transonik atau supersonik. Sebelum melakukan ujian penerbangan kipasan , simulasi berangka luas dan ujian getaran peringkat bawahan (darat perlu dijalankan di mana struktur mod unsur terhingga dan keputusan eksperimen harus dipadankan, sebaliknya model simulasi berangka boleh ditolak. Dalam kertas kerja ini, simulasi sayap supersonik dilengkapi dengan beban luaran peluru berpandu di sayap telah dianalisis di daerah supersonik tinggi. Bentuk mod struktur pada setiap mod frekuensi

  17. Type of dietary lipids and storing time on egg stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Fernandes Pereira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of diets containing different lipid sources on eggs quality during refrigerated storage, on yolk fatty acid composition, and on cholesterol in the yolk. Four diets were used containing Soy Oil (SO, Sunflower Seed (SS, and Meat and Bone Meal + Soy Oil (MBM + SO or Meat and Bone Meal + Tallow (MBM + TA. The experiment followed a factorial design 4 × 3 with four dietary treatments and three storage times. The eggs were stored at 4 °C for 0, 30, and 60 days. The collected eggs were analyzed for egg weight loss, Haugh units, yolk moisture, yolk lipid oxidation, and cooked yolk firmness. Refrigerated storage reduced Haugh units, and increased yolk moisture. Sixty days of storage time reduced the firmness of hard-cooked yolk. There was an interaction between dietary treatment and storage time for egg weight loss and lipid oxidation. With regard to yolk fatty acid profile, MBM + TA diet increased the contents of palmitic and palmitoleic acids. The levels of oleic and arachidonic acids were higher in yolks from birds fed with SS diet. Linoleic acid level was higher in the yolk from treatment with SO diet. Diets containing MBM + SO induced higher levels of docosahexaenoic acid. Yolk cholesterol content was reduced with the inclusion of SS in the diet. Therefore, the type of lipid present in the diet and refrigerated storage for 60 days at 4 °C can affect the egg quality.

  18. Optimizing Watershed Management by Coordinated Operation of Storing Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anghileri, Daniela; Castelletti, Andrea; Pianosi, Francesca; Soncini-Sessa, Rodolfo; Weber, Enrico

    2013-04-01

    Water storing facilities in a watershed are very often operated independently one to another to meet specific operating objectives, with no information sharing among the operators. This uncoordinated approach might result in upstream-downstream disputes and conflicts among different water users, or inefficiencies in the watershed management, when looked at from the viewpoint of an ideal central decision-maker. In this study, we propose an approach in two steps to design coordination mechanisms at the watershed scale with the ultimate goal of enlarging the space for negotiated agreements between competing uses and improve the overall system efficiency. First, we compute the multi-objective centralized solution to assess the maximum potential benefits of a shift from a sector-by-sector to an ideal fully coordinated perspective. Then, we analyze the Pareto-optimal operating policies to gain insight into suitable strategies to foster cooperation or impose coordination among the involved agents. The approach is demonstrated on an Alpine watershed in Italy where a long lasting conflict exists between upstream hydropower production and downstream irrigation water users. Results show that a coordination mechanism can be designed that drive the current uncoordinated structure towards the performance of the ideal centralized operation.

  19. Mycobiota variation in stored rice straw and its cellulolytic profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Metwally, Mohammad Magdy; Ghoneem, Khalid Mohammad; Saber, Wesam El-Din Ismail Ali

    2014-09-01

    Rice Straw (RS) one of most important agrowaste worldwide. Variation in mycobiota inhabiting long stored RS and its cellulolytic profile were studied. The highest number of fungi (23 species) was recovered from 1st storage period (1-3 year). Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus sp., Cladosporium herbarum, Fusarium incarnatum, Geotrichum candidum, Penicillium sp., Stemphylium lycopersici and Ulocladium atrum are the most frequent genera. Among 21 fungal species recovered in the 2nd period (3-5 year), Cladosporium herbarum, Fusarium incarnatum, Stemphylium lycopersici and Ulocladium atrum recorded 100% frequency, whereas Ulocladium atrum, Veticillium lecanii, Stemphylium lycopersici and Penicillium sp., were the most frequent species in the 3rd period (> 5 years). Regarding the pathogenic fungal isolates, Nigrospora oryzae was the most frequent with high intensity in all samples of the three storage periods, whereas Alternaria padwikii reached the highest frequency and intensity in the 1st period and absent the 2nd and 3rd ones. The isolated fungal species showed a high production of cellulases comparing to previous studies with positive and significant correlation between FPase from one side and CMCase (r = 0.634, p ≤ 0.05) and β-glucosidase (r = 0.775, p ≤ 0.05) from the other side. PMID:26031023

  20. Using density difference to store fresh water in saline subsurface

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Ginkel, M.; Olsthoorn, Th. N.; des Tombe, B.

    2012-04-01

    The storage of fresh water in the subsurface for later recovery and use (Aquifer Storage and Recovery) is becoming more and more important in the coming decades for seasonal or emergency storage, especially in the light of climate change and increasing population. However, fresh water storage in a saline subsurface poses a challenge: the initially vertical interface between injected fresh and native salt water is unstable and tends to rotate. The injected fresh water tends to float upward on top of native salt water, where it becomes hard or impossible to recover at a later stage. A wide body of literature exists about this buoyancy effect that is caused by the density difference between fresh and salt water. Yet, very few papers focus on solutions to this problem. In this paper we propose a storage principle to overcome this buoyancy problem by actually using the density difference to keep the fresh water in place, by combining salt water extraction and impermeable barriers. This technique seems promising and could solve many local fresh water storage problems. It is especially applicable in shallow water table aquifers for the storage of fresh water below parks and arable land or for seasonal storage of desalinated water. We performed laboratory-scale experiments and numerical modelling to study the dynamic behaviour of a fresh water bubble stored in saline subsurface using the technique of salt water extraction and impermeable barriers; including effects of operation dynamics, groundwater flow, and diffusion, dispersion and density differences.

  1. ReStore: Reusing Results of MapReduce Jobs

    CERN Document Server

    Elghandour, Iman

    2012-01-01

    Analyzing large scale data has emerged as an important activity for many organizations in the past few years. This large scale data analysis is facilitated by the MapReduce programming and execution model and its implementations, most notably Hadoop. Users of MapReduce often have analysis tasks that are too complex to express as individual MapReduce jobs. Instead, they use high-level query languages such as Pig, Hive, or Jaql to express their complex tasks. The compilers of these languages translate queries into workflows of MapReduce jobs. Each job in these workflows reads its input from the distributed file system used by the MapReduce system and produces output that is stored in this distributed file system and read as input by the next job in the workflow. The current practice is to delete these intermediate results from the distributed file system at the end of executing the workflow. One way to improve the performance of workflows of MapReduce jobs is to keep these intermediate results and reuse them fo...

  2. Molecular structure by Coulomb explosion imaging of stored molecular ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental scheme, which combines Coulomb explosion imaging (CEI) with storage of fast molecular ions, has been introduced recently at the TSR heavy ion storage ring facility in Heidelberg. CEI is an experimental technique that provides direct observation of the nuclear conformations within small molecules. The combination of CEI with the storage ring technique enables the control of the internal excitation of the measured molecules, which is an essential condition to the interpretation of CEI results in terms of ''structure'' assigned to specific molecular states. This structure is measured as a function of storage time, thus enabling one to study processes of slow intramolecular dynamics such as isomerization, metastable states, etc. Moreover in this scheme, CEI can be used as a diagnostic tool for the intramolecular excitation, while other molecular interactions (e.g. with electrons or photons) are investigated. In this report, the CEI principle and the new experimental setup are described with an emphasis on the new prospects for studies in molecular physics. CEI measurements of stored CH2+ and NH2+ molecular ions are presented. The study of the angular distribution in these molecules as a function of their vibrational relaxation to the ground state, reveals unexpected behavior near the linear conformation which is inconsistent with the current adiabatic theories

  3. pH of organ-culture-stored corneas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lass, J H; Greiner, J V; Meneses, P; Morgan, D C; Medcalf, S K; Collie, D M; Skelnik, D L; Glonek, T

    1988-10-01

    Changes in intracorneal and storage-medium pH values of organ-culture-stored cat corneas were monitored over a 4-week period. The intracorneal pH was determined using the phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) chemical shift of inorganic orthophosphate in conjunction with a standard pH titration curve. We incubated 32 adult cat corneas using two similar standard organ-culture methods, one with chondroitin sulfate (method 1) and the other without (method 2). Time-course data at 0, 1, 3 and 4 weeks of storage were used to calculate the rate of pH change. The intracorneal pH was not changed significantly for either organ-culture method; however, the storage-medium pH rate of change declined significantly for both methods (method 1, 0.15 pH units/week; method 2, 0.12 pH units/week). The difference between intracorneal and storage-medium pH values over time increased at a rate of 0.12 and 0.11 pH units/week for method 1 and method 2, respectively. The declining storage-medium pH in conjunction with the maintenance of intracorneal pH contributes to an increased metabolic demand on the cornea. PMID:3218477

  4. Temperature environment for 9975 packages stored in KAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daugherty, W. L. [Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)

    2015-09-10

    Plutonium materials are stored in the K Area Complex (KAC) in shipping packages, typically the 9975 shipping package. In order to estimate realistic degradation rates for components within the shipping package (i.e. the fiberboard overpack and O-ring seals), it is necessary to understand actual facility temperatures, which can vary daily and seasonally. Relevant facility temperature data available from several periods throughout its operating history have been reviewed. The annual average temperature within the Crane Maintenance Area has ranged from approximately 70 to 74 °F, although there is significant seasonal variation and lesser variation among different locations within the facility. The long-term average degradation rate for 9975 package components is very close to that expected if the component were to remain continually at the annual average temperature. This result remains valid for a wide range of activation energies (which describes the variation in degradation rate as the temperature changes), if the activation energy remains constant over the seasonal range of component temperatures. It is recommended that component degradation analyses and service life estimates incorporate these results. Specifically, it is proposed that future analyses assume an average facility ambient air temperature of 94 °F. This value is bounding for all packages, and includes margin for several factors such as increased temperatures within the storage arrays, the addition of more packages in the future, and future operational changes.

  5. Plant compounds insecticide activity against Coleoptera pests of stored products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Marcio Dionizio; Picanco, Marcelo Coutinho; Guedes, Raul Narciso Carvalho; Campos, Mateus Ribeiro de; Silva, Gerson Adriano; Martins, Julio Claudio [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), MG (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia Animal]. E-mail: marcio.dionizio@gmail.com; picanco@ufv.br; guedes@ufv.br; mateusc3@yahoo.com.br; agronomiasilva@yahoo.com.br

    2007-07-15

    The objective of this work was to screen plants with insecticide activity, in order to isolate, identify and assess the bioactivity of insecticide compounds present in these plants, against Coleoptera pests of stored products: Oryzaephilus surinamensis L. (Silvanidae), Rhyzopertha dominica F. (Bostrichidae) and Sitophilus zeamais Mots. (Curculionidae). The plant species used were: basil (Ocimum selloi Benth.), rue (Ruta graveolens L.), lion's ear (Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br.), jimson weed (Datura stramonium L.), baleeira herb (Cordia verbenacea L.), mint (Mentha piperita L.), wild balsam apple (Mormodica charantia L.), and billy goat weed or mentrasto (Ageratum conyzoides L.). The insecticide activity of hexane and ethanol extracts from those plants on R. dominica was evaluated. Among them, only hexane extract of A. conyzoides showed insecticide activity; the hexane extract of this species was successively fractionated by silica gel column chromatography, for isolation and purification of the active compounds. Compounds 5,6,7,8,3',4',5'-heptamethoxyflavone; 5,6,7,8,3'-pentamethoxy-4',5'-methilenedioxyflavone and coumarin were identified. However, only coumarin showed insecticide activity against three insect pests (LD{sub 50} from 2.72 to 39.71 mg g{sup -1} a.i.). The increasing order of insects susceptibility to coumarin was R. dominica, S. zeamais and O. surinamensis. (author)

  6. Residues of pirimiphos-methyl in stored maize grains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    14C-pirimiphos-methyl (specific activity 16.36 mCi/mmol (1 Ci = 37 GBq)) was applied to maize grains at a concentration of 5 mg/kg using the procedures described in the FAO/IAEA Model Protocol, Annex I, these Proceedings. After treatment, the maize was stored at ambient temperature (20-35 deg. C) in jute sacks lined with polythene. The surface (water soluble) and methanol extractable residues were investigated over a period of 8 months. There was a gradual increase in the methanol extractable residues and a corresponding decrease in the surface residues over the storage period. At the end of this time, the total extractable residue was 56% of the applied dose. For technical reasons no data were available for the residues bound within the grain tissues. Four types of local diet were prepared from the treated maize, these being: akple, roasted akple, kenkey and banku; some reduction in the extractable residues was observed as a result of the cooking process. (author)

  7. Thermal Analysis of ZPPR High Pu Content Stored Fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Zero Power Physics Reactor (ZPPR) operated from April 18, 1969, until 1990. ZPPR operated at low power for testing nuclear reactor designs. This paper examines the temperature of Pu content ZPPR fuel while it is in storage. Heat is generated in the fuel due to Pu and Am decay and is a concern for possible cladding damage. Damage to the cladding could lead to fuel hydriding and oxidizing. A series of computer simulations were made to determine the range of temperatures potentially occuring in the ZPPR fuel. The maximum calculated fuel temperature is 292°C (558°F). Conservative assumptions in the model intentionally overestimate temperatures. The stored fuel temperatures are dependent on the distribution of fuel in the surrounding storage compartments, the heat generation rate of the fuel, and the orientation of fuel. Direct fuel temperatures could not be measured but storage bin doors, storage sleeve doors, and storage canister temperatures were measured. Comparison of these three temperatures to the calculations indicates that the temperatures calculated with conservative assumptions are, as expected, higher than the actual temperatures. The maximum calculated fuel temperature with the most conservative assumptions is significantly below the fuel failure criterion of 600°C (1,112°F)

  8. Influence of Shopping Orientations, Selected Environmental Dimensions with Apparel Shopping Scenarios, and Attitude on Store Patronage for Female Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Moye, Letecia Nicole

    2000-01-01

    The decision to patronize a particular store usually starts with a set of characteristics or attributes that consumers consider important. Consumers then use these attributes to make decisions regarding what store or stores can cater to their particular needs. Past retail and marketing studies have identified several consumer-oriented store attributes such as price, quality, variety, discounts, store reputation and their relationship to store patronage, but these studies overlooked how the ph...

  9. WHAT MATTERS TO STORE BRAND EQUITY? AN APPROACH TO SPANISH LARGE RETAILING IN A DOWNTURN CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo-Porral, Cristina

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Store brands account for 41% of the Spanish market share in 2011, and a further increase is expected in next years due to economic crisis, which makes up an increasingly competitive market with great research interest. In this context, our study aims to analyze which variables have a relevant influence on store Brand Equity from the consumers’ standpoint in the current downturn context, providing an empirical research on the Spanish large retailing. We carried out an on-line questionnaire to customers of store brands residing in Spain, obtaining a total amount of 362 valid responses regarding the Spanish large retailers Mercadona, Dia, Eroski, Carrefour and El Corte Inglés. Then, the analysis was performed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM. Results obtained suggest that store commercial image has the higher influence on both store brand perceived quality and store brand awareness, and in relation with the sources of store Brand Equity, the dimension store brand awareness shows the greater influence on the formation of store Brand Equity. This study is of great interest for large retailers who wish to increase their store brands’ value proposition to the marketplace, especially during economic downturns.

  10. The interference aerodynamics caused by the wing elasticity during store separation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Yang; Zheng-yin, Ye

    2016-04-01

    Air-launch-to-orbit is the technology that has stores carried aloft and launched the store from the plane to the orbit. The separation between the aircraft and store is one of the most important and difficult phases in air-launch-to-orbit technology. There exists strong aerodynamic interference between the aircraft and the store in store separation. When the aspect ratio of the aircraft is large, the elastic deformations of the wing must be considered. The main purpose of this article is to study the influence of the interference aerodynamics caused by the elastic deformations of the wing to the unsteady aerodynamics of the store. By solving the coupled functions of unsteady Navier-Stokes equations, six degrees of freedom dynamic equations and structural dynamic equations simultaneously, the store separation with the elastic deformation of the aircraft considered is simulated numerically. And the interactive aerodynamic forces are analyzed. The study shows that the interference aerodynamics is obvious at earlier time during the separation, and the dominant frequency of the elastic wing determines the aerodynamic forces frequencies of the store. Because of the effect of the interference aerodynamics, the roll angle response and pitch angle response increase. When the store is mounted under the wingtip, the additional aerodynamics caused by the wingtip vortex is obvious, which accelerate the divergence of the lateral force and the lateral-directional attitude angle of the store. This study supports some beneficial conclusions to the engineering application of the air-launch-to-orbit.

  11. Convenience stores surrounding urban schools: an assessment of healthy food availability, advertising, and product placement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebauer, Hilary; Laska, Melissa Nelson

    2011-08-01

    Adolescent obesity is a national public health problem, particularly among urban populations. Recent evidence has linked neighborhood food environments to health and nutrition status, with easier access to convenience stores being associated with increased risk for obesity. Little is known about the availability of healthy purchasing options within small, urban food stores, or the extent to which these factors are relevant to youth. The objective of this research was to characterize various features of the food environment within small convenience stores located nearby urban junior high and high schools. In-store audits were conducted in 63 stores located within 800 m of 36 urban Minnesota public secondary schools. Results indicated that a limited number of healthier beverages (i.e., water and 100% fruit juice) and snack options (i.e., nuts and pretzels) were available at most stores (≥85%). However, a wide range of healthy snack options were typically not available, with many specific items stocked in less than half of stores (e.g., low-fat yogurt in 27% of stores and low-fat granola bars in 43%). Overall, 51% of stores had fresh fruit and 49% had fresh vegetables. Few stores carried a range of healthier snack alternatives in single-serving packages. All stores had less healthful impulse purchase items available (e.g., candy) while only 46% carried healthier impulse items (e.g., fruit). Most stores (97%) had food/beverage advertising. Overall, convenience stores located in close proximity to secondary schools represent an important and understudied component of the youth food environment. PMID:21491151

  12. The haven of the self-service store: A study of the fruit and vegetable department's influence on customer attitudes towards food chain stores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Larsen, Tino

    2000-01-01

    of these developments have concentrated on the peripheral spheres of the purchase decision situation. More recently retail managers have concentrated their efforts on the departments believed to be most important to customers' overall shopping experience and attitudes towards the store. So far, academic studies...... self-service stores. With an outset in broad range theories of consumer choice and environmental psychology, this paper discusses a number of reasons why the fruit and vegetable department can be one of the keys to chain differentiation and creation of positive customer attitudes to the store. Also...

  13. Iron stores in regular blood donors in Lagos, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adediran A

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Adewumi Adediran,1 Ebele I Uche,2 Titilope A Adeyemo,1 Dapus O Damulak,3 Akinsegun A Akinbami,4 Alani S Akanmu1 1Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria; 2Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria; 3Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria; 4Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, Ikeja, Nigeria Background: Apart from challenging the bone marrow to increase its red cell production, thereby producing more blood for the donor, regular blood donation has been shown to have several benefits, one of which is preventing accumulation of body iron which can cause free radical formation in the body. This study was carried out to assess body iron stores in regular blood donors. Methods: A total of 52 regular (study and 30 first-time (control volunteer blood donors were studied prospectively. Twenty milliliters of venous blood was drawn from each subject, 5 mL of which was put into sodium ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid specimen bottles for a full blood count, including red blood cell indices. The remaining sample was allowed to clot in a plain container, and the serum was then retrieved for serum ferritin, serum iron, and serum transferrin receptor measurement by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Mean hemoglobin and packed cell volume in the study group (13.47 ± 2.36 g/dL and 42.00 ± 7.10, respectively, P = 0.303 were not significantly higher than in the control group (12.98 ± 1.30 g/dL and 39.76 ± 4.41, respectively, P = 0.119. Mean serum ferritin was 102.46 ± 80.26 ng/mL in the control group and 41.46 ± 40.33 ng/mL in the study group (P = 0.001. Mean serum ferritin for women in the study group (28.02 ± 25.00 ng/mL was significantly lower than for women in the control group (56.35 ± 34.03 ng/mL, P = 0.014. Similarly, men in the study group had a lower

  14. Inventory of Dry Stored Steel Waste after 25 Years

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the first years of the hot laboratory complete experimental elements were handled and examined at the hot laboratory in Kjeller. Fuel rods were disassembled from the elements in the hot cells and PIE performed. After examination the elements were cut and the fuel and non fuel parts stored separately in stainless steel baskets in a dry pit storage facility of spent fuel at the IFE Hot Laboratory. Approximately 130 baskets were filled with non fuel parts, most of them from the time between 1970 and 1985. Since the storage capacity is limited it was decided in 1997 to transfer baskets with a radiation level below 30 mSv/h measured with 10 cm distance and without fuel to KLDRA, the national Norwegian storage site for low and medium radioactive waste. KLDRA is located in a mountain nearby IFE-Kjeller and was opened in 1998. Since it was necessary to verify that the baskets do not contain fuel parts, except small amounts of cross contamination, each basket was scanned with a germanium detector with respect to 137Cs and 60Co prior to clarification. Clarified baskets were packed into concrete casks, sealed with concrete and transported to KLDRA. The first batch was clarified and packed in 2001 (altogether 25 baskets), the second batch in 2002 (altogether 34 baskets) and the last batch for the first time will be done in 2003 and it is planed to transfer 27 baskets to KLDRA. This report describes the equipment and the technique used to clarify and transfer those baskets from the dry storage place at Kjeller to the low and medium radioactive waste storage site KLDRA

  15. Protection of Stored Plant Products Using Chlorophacinone Against Rodent Pests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Vukša

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Apart from some preventive measures advisably taken during construction of storage facilities or at the time of product storage, treatments with chemical rodenticides are the most widely practiced method of controlling commensal rodents. Their control in storage facilities is normally carried out after animal presence has been observed, and treatments from early autumn onwards throughout the season provide the best effect. The aim of this paper is to present the effects of rodent control using baits with less content am chlorofacinon than recommended, to the protection of stored plant products. The experiments were set up using the relevant OEPP/EPPO method. A ready for use (RB paste bait formulation was used with different contents (0.005% and 0.0075% of the active ingredient chlorophacinone.Baits were laid in boxes along rodent routes, underneath pallets with sacs and in places where major damage had been observed. Baits for house mouse were placed at a rate of 10-20 g per 1-3 m, while 30-50 g of bait for brown rats were laid at specific points. Daily bait intake was monitored over a period of ten days and the portions were replaced with new ones as needed. Placebo baits were laid in identical boxes for four days before the experiment began. The abundance of house mouse was estimated based on the highest and lowest daily intake of bait divided by the species’ daily requirement. Mice presence was monitored over the next 20 days. Rodenticide efficacy was calculated using Abbott’s formula. The data in this experiment show that chorophacinone contents of 0.005% and 0.0075% in RB baits had no effect on the palatability and bait efficacy in controlling house mouse and brown rat indoors. The average efficacy of chorophacinone was 87-93% against house mouse and 90-100% against brown rat.

  16. A DU bed system for storing and supplying hydrogen isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koo, Daeseo; Park, Jongchul; Ahn, Do-Hee; Chung, Hongsuk [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Yun, Sei-Hun [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Depleted uranium (DU) has been extensively proposed for the storage, supply, and recovery of hydrogen isotopes. SDS is used for storing hydrogen isotopes as a metal hydride form. To control the SDS, it is necessary to monitor the tritium amount in a bed. In this study, a full-sized DU bed was designed and fabricated including cylindrical-type copper foam of nine layers to study the characteristics of hydriding/dehydriding and simulate the tritium amount in a bed. The integrity and leak inspection on the welding of a primary vessel was performed using a penetration test, helium leak test, and pressure test. Auto tuning on the cable heaters of two pairs in the DU bed was also be performed. In our next study, the hydriding/dehydriding on a DU bed will be performed. A simulation on the depleted uranium hydriding will be carried out. A DU bed was designed and fabricated including cylindrical-type copper foam of nine layers to study the characteristics of hydriding/dehydriding and simulate the tritium amount in a bed. Through a penetration test, it was confirmed that the welding of the primary vessel has a good integrity. It was confirmed that the two helium tubes is sound by inspecting a helium leak test on the welding of the primary vessel. It was also confirmed that the primary vessel has a good integrity by inspecting a helium leak and conducting a pressure test on it. Vacuuming of the DU bed system was carried out. Vacuuming of the in-bed calorimetric equipment was also carried out.

  17. Radiographic analysis of the internal infestation in stored corn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The danger represented by insects for the preservation of stored cereals and derived products has given rise to concern. In Mexico the storage of maize continues to raise a variety of problems for the governmental and private institutions concerned. The work described here is part of a research programme on the possible development and application of the technique of disinfesting grain by irradiation. The Mexican National Nuclear Energy Institute, Physics Institute and Nuclear Research Centre (Mexican National Autonomous University) are taking part jointly in the programme. Among the special aims of the programme is a series of entomological observations based on radiography. In particular, the present research is aimed at determining, by this technique, whether the cavities produced in maize kernels by infestation are occupied or not. For this purpose it was necessary first to adapt the X-ray equipment with which to work. The equipment, of a new type that had not been used before, was designed exclusively for medical diagnosis and consists of a ''Practix'' unit made by Philips which operates at up to 100 kV. The first stage of the work was to install and operate the equipment, after which the optimum operating conditions were sought, using Kodak industrial AA 54 film (fine grain). For this purpose a number of X-ray photographs of maize kernels were taken and the various degrees of contrast and definition were examined. The following were found to be the best conditions for observing detail within the kernels and revealing whether the cavities are occupied or not: operating voltage 55 kV; current 20 mA; focus-film distance 70 cm; exposure time 2 seconds. (author)

  18. The Estimate of the Optimum Number of Retail Stores of Small Market Areas Using Agent Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tajima, Takuya; Hibino, Takayuki; Abe, Takehiko; Kimura, Haruhiko

    At present, the conditions of the location and the optimal arrangements for retail stores of small market areas are examined with the several surveys. The surveys are important because the proceeds are influenced largely with the selection of the location. However, costs, time and experience are necessary in the surveys. For this reason, this research is intended for the retail stores of small market areas which expend a great deal of money for the surveys. The retail stores of small market areas in this paper are convenience stores. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the optimum number of convenience stores by computer simulation. We adopted the agent model. We constructed an agent model that had the customer agent, the shop agent and the landscape with the kind of necessary minimum parameters. And, we were able to make the simulation environment that reflected the real world. As a result, we could estimate the optimum number of convenience stores by simulations.

  19. An exploration study on detecting important factors influencing brand loyalty in retail stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Brand loyalty is one of the most important factors influencing on the success of retail stores. Many retail stores in the field of sport shoes in city of Tehran, Iran are facing tight competition and there seems to be that only stores with loyal customers could survive. In this paper, we present an exploration study to find out important factors influencing retail stores selling one of well-known sport shows such as Adidas, Nike, etc. in city of Tehran, Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes among 265 regular customers of these stores and analyze them using factor analysis. The results indicate that there were four important factors influencing customer loyalty including brand identification, brand promotion, brand loyalty and characterization of stores.

  20. Analyzing the Efficient Execution of In-Store Logistics Processes in Grocery Retailing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reiner, Gerald; Teller, Christop; Kotzab, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    grocery retailers' sales, profits, and image. In our empirical study, we survey in-store logistics processes in 202 grocery supermarkets and hypermarkets belonging to a major retail chain in central Europe. Using a data envelopment analysis (DEA) and simulation, we facilitate process benchmarking. In......In this article, we examine in-store logistics processes for handling dairy products, from the incoming dock to the shelves of supermarkets and hypermarkets. The efficient execution of the in-store logistics related to such fast-moving, sensitive, and essential items is challenging and crucial for...... particular, we identify ways of improving in-store logistics processes by showing the performance impacts of different managerial strategies and tactics. The DEA results indicate different efficiency levels for different store formats; the hybrid store format of the small hypermarket exhibits a comparatively...

  1. Storing files in a parallel computing system based on user or application specification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faibish, Sorin; Bent, John M.; Nick, Jeffrey M.; Grider, Gary; Torres, Aaron

    2016-03-29

    Techniques are provided for storing files in a parallel computing system based on a user-specification. A plurality of files generated by a distributed application in a parallel computing system are stored by obtaining a specification from the distributed application indicating how the plurality of files should be stored; and storing one or more of the plurality of files in one or more storage nodes of a multi-tier storage system based on the specification. The plurality of files comprise a plurality of complete files and/or a plurality of sub-files. The specification can optionally be processed by a daemon executing on one or more nodes in a multi-tier storage system. The specification indicates how the plurality of files should be stored, for example, identifying one or more storage nodes where the plurality of files should be stored.

  2. Coagulation factors in whole blood collected from pregnant women and stored at 4°C

    OpenAIRE

    Minatoguchi, Miki; ITAKURA, ATSUO; Miki, Akinori; Kajihara, Takeshi; Sasaki, Shiho; Takase, Yumiko; Kobayashi, Kiyoko; Asada, Rumiko; IKEBUCHI, KENJI; Ishihara, Osamu

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT The present study aimed to measure the levels of coagulation factors in stored whole blood of pregnant women and to determine their usefulness in treating pregnant women who developed coagulopathy. A prospective study to measure coagulation factors in stored donated whole blood from pregnant and non-pregnant women was conducted. Fibrinogen, FV, FVII, FVIII, FXIII, and von Willebrand factor were measured in blood stored at 4°C for 0, 1, 3, and 5 weeks. All coagulation factors except f...

  3. The Relationship between Store Brand and Customer Loyalty in Retailing in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman Bin Abdullah; Norhanisah Bte Ismail; Akmal Fadhila Bte Abdul Rahman; Musnadzirah Bte Mohd Suhaimin; Siti Khadijah Bte Safie; Mohd Tajul Hasnan Mohd Tajuddin; Radzuan Noor Armia; Nik Adnan Nik Mat; Nazarudin Derani; Mohamed Muneer Samsudin; Razlan Adli Zain; Gopala Krishnan Sekharan Nair

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study are to ascertain the linkages between brand and customer loyalty towards store brands especially in Malaysia, to investigate the factor that contributes to brand loyalty to increase the number of brand loyal customer and to determine the factors influencing the success of store brand in the market. Significance of the study (Theoretical aspect): It is hope that this research may create a niche understanding of a relationship between store brand and customer ...

  4. Performance comparison of retailing stores using a Malmquist-type index

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Clara B.; Camanho, Ana S.

    2012-01-01

    This study develops a framework that combines different management science methods to provide insights concerning the performance of retailing stores. First, the framework enables to specify appropriate targets for stores of a retail network using data envelopment analysis. This involves comparing stores within homogenous groups, that is, supermarkets and hypermarkets. Second, the framework compares the overall performance of these two groups. This requires the combined use of ...

  5. Efficient Digital Signage-Based Online Store Layout: An Experimental Study

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Fazal Ijaz; Wu Tao; Jongtae Rhee; Yong-Shin Kang; Ganjar Alfian

    2016-01-01

    In today’s era of information technology, human computer interaction and interface design are critical factors for a successful retail business. In a virtual world, the purpose of store layout is to create an environment that fascinates customers, entices them to spend more time in the store and encourages them to purchase from the store. The accomplishment of a successful retail business relies on a quick response and the adoption of new technologies that simplify the customer’s shopping exp...

  6. Food Marketing Targeting Youth and Families: What Do We Know about Stores Where Moms Actually Shop?

    OpenAIRE

    Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana S.; Rooney, Mary R.

    2013-01-01

    Although efforts are underway to examine marketing that targets the youth and families in the retail food store environment, few studies have specifically focused on stores that families identify as their primary sites for food shopping. Between November 2011 and April 2012, we examined the frequency and types of marketing techniques of 114 packaged and nonpackaged items in 24 food stores that mothers of young children in Champaign County, IL, said they commonly frequented. Chi-square tests w...

  7. Large format stores and the introduction of new regulatory controls in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Woohyoung; Hallsworth, Alan G.

    2013-01-01

    Since 1996, when Korea's retail industry was liberalized, new store formats such as large discount stores, have grown, it was widely believed, at the expense of incumbent rivals such as traditional markets and small operators. This paper seeks to empirically test this proposition: an important underpinning to new regulatory control policies. Research involved a spatial analysis of traditional markets (1456), large discount stores (408), and super-supermarkets (SSMs or hypermarkets (729)) spre...

  8. Classification bias in commercial business lists for retail food stores in the U.S.

    OpenAIRE

    Han Euna; Powell Lisa M; Zenk Shannon N; Rimkus Leah; Ohri-Vachaspati Punam; Chaloupka Frank J

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Aspects of the food environment such as the availability of different types of food stores have recently emerged as key modifiable factors that may contribute to the increased prevalence of obesity. Given that many of these studies have derived their results based on secondary datasets and the relationship of food stores with individual weight outcomes has been reported to vary by store type, it is important to understand the extent to which often-used secondary data corre...

  9. Anonymous User Verification of Digital Signature Schema for Data Stored In Cloud

    OpenAIRE

    Parvathi Jalli; Ramesh kumar behara

    2014-01-01

    In a cloud computing storing data into cloud and retrieving data from the cloud with more securely. Before storing data the cloud must verify the authenticity of the series without knowing the user’s identity. In this paper we are proposing concepts of authentication of users, secret key sharing, and encryption of data and decryption of data using cryptography technique. The scheme prevents replay attacks and supports creation, modification, and reading data stored in the cloud. In this appro...

  10. Store Choice in the Emerging Indian Apparel Retail Market: an Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Amit; Mittal, Ruchi

    2008-01-01

    Store Choice has been a subject of frequent research in the developed retail markets of the west. However, the retail sector in India has been largely fragmented and unorganized. However, the retail scenario in India is changing at a very brisk pace. Many international retailers entering India and many Indian retailers in the organized segment are coming up with stores all across the country, but a majority of these stores have merely transplanted western formats onto the Indian retail scene ...

  11. Store Image and Private Label Brands in Zimbabwe: Relationship with General Perception, Perceived Risk and Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Nyengerai

    2013-01-01

    Private label brand market penetration is estimated at less than 8% in Southern Africa. Retailers need to develop strategies that will drive growth of the industry. A survey was conducted to quantify the effect of two store image dimensions on general private label brand perception as well as the effect of the store image dimensions on perceived risk and quality of private label brands. Data collected was analysed using simple linear regression. Results illustrated that perceived store genera...

  12. Towards a Deeper Understanding of Store Branded Lookalikes: Similarity Judgment and Price Influence

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Li

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The development of store branded lookalikes (SBLs) imitating established manufacturer national brands has long been a source of friction and dispute between brand manufacturers and retailers. It is evident that retailers often use a close positioning strategy on store brands (SBs) to imitate the look and appearance of leading national brands (NBs) on a wide range of fast moving consumer goods. It is, though, less clear why and how a me-too store brand is perceived to be a lookalik...

  13. Investigating the Customer Loyalty Model in the Chain Stores of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Sanayei; Alireza Haddadian; Amirhossein Bagherieh

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate customer loyalty model for the chain stores of Iran according to factors include perceived value, customer satisfaction, perceived quality, store image, customer relationship, perceived equity, trust and store atmosphere as preconditions of loyalty and brand preference, repurchase intention, word of mouth referral and expected switching cost as consequences of customer loyalty. This study is applied research and descriptive - correlation in terms of...

  14. Satisfaction and Loyalty of Customers towards the Retail Store Formats- Evidence from India

    OpenAIRE

    Sreekanth, Prathyusha

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to identify attributes that contributes to customer satisfaction and loyalty in Indian retail market. Past studies led to the understanding that store attributes, product attributes and service attributes primarily affected the store satisfaction and loyalty of Indian consumers. The findings of this study revealed that only store attributes and product attributes had a profound impact on customers’ loyalty and satisfaction while service attributes did not have any impact. Thes...

  15. Bargain effectiveness in differentiated store environments: When a good deal goes bad

    OpenAIRE

    Douce, Lieve; WILLEMS, Kim; Janssens, Wim

    2014-01-01

    Differentiation is necessary to survive in today’s homogeneous retail landscape. One way to differentiate is by making use of store atmospherics. However, other marketing tools such as offering a bargain might conflict with this store differentiation strategy. In study 1, an experimental consumer lab survey (n = 50) confirms that store environment differentiation generates positive consumer affect, evaluations and approach behaviour. In study 2, a 2x2 between-subjects lab experiment (n = 121)...

  16. Measuring the Food Environment: Shelf Space of Fruits, Vegetables, and Snack Foods in Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Farley, Thomas A.; Rice, Janet; Bodor, J. Nicholas; Cohen, Deborah A.; Bluthenthal, Ricky N.; Rose, Donald

    2009-01-01

    Dietary patterns may be influenced by the availability and accessibility within stores of different types of foods. However, little is known about the amount of shelf space used for healthy and unhealthy foods in different types of stores. We conducted measurements of the length of shelf space used for fruits, vegetables, and snack foods items in 419 stores in 217 urban census tracts in southern Louisiana and in Los Angeles County. Although supermarkets offered far more shelf space of fruits ...

  17. Testing Behavioral Hypotheses Using an Integrated Model of Grocery Store Shopping Path and Purchase Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Hui, Sam K.; Bradlow, Eric T; Peter S. Fader

    2009-01-01

    We examine three sets of established behavioral hypotheses about consumers' in-store behavior using field data on grocery store shopping paths and purchases. Our results provide field evidence for the following empirical regularities. First, as consumers spend more time in the store, they become more purposeful--they are less likely to spend time on exploration and more likely to shop/buy. Second, consistent with "licensing" behavior, after purchasing virtue categories, consumers are more lik...

  18. Chemical characteristics and fatty acid composition on oils and fats stored in different packaging materials

    OpenAIRE

    El-Shattory, Y.; Saadia, M. A.; Saeid, F.

    1996-01-01

    Bleached cottonseed oil, partially hydrogenated palm oil and margarine were stored in metal (tin) cans and white plastic (polyethylene) bottles with air in head space and served at room temperature during the whole period of investigation. The analytical techniques used to analyse these materials has been done at zero time storing (control), after four and seven months of storage. This study showed that storing oils in metal cans have better results than plastic packages specially for bleache...

  19. Pengaruh Store Atmosphere Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Pada Outlet Tivona International Fragrance Cabang Pasar Merah Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Suci Annisaa Fitrieyanti

    2015-01-01

    This research is motivated by the sale of perfumes at Tivona International Fragrance outlet still fluctuated despite of repairing efforts store atmospheres at these outlets has made. This study aims to determine the effect instore and outstore atmosphere partially and store atmosphere on purchasing decisions in Tivona International Fragrance outlet. Store Atmosphere is the design environment through visual communication, lighting, colors, music and fragrances to design an emotional respons...

  20. Evaluation of a CFD method for estimating aerodynamic loads on external stores on JAS 39 Gripen

    OpenAIRE

    Öhrman, Jakob

    2011-01-01

    Loads determination for external stores on fighter aircraft is an important task for manufacturers in ensuring the safe operation of their aircraft. Due to the large number of possible store combinations, wind tunnel tests – the primary approach to obtaining loads data – cannot be performed for all configurations. Instead, supplementary techniques to estimating loads are necessary. One approach is to use information from another store and adapt it, using so-called scaling methods, to the non-...

  1. Development of an Information Model for Storing Organ Donor Data Within an Electronic Medical Record

    OpenAIRE

    Staes, Catherine J; Huff, Stanley M.; Evans, R. Scott; Narus, Scott P; Tilley, Cyndalynn; Sorensen, John B.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To develop a model to store information in an electronic medical record (EMR) for the management of transplant patients. The model for storing donor information must be designed to allow clinicians to access donor information from the transplant recipient's record and to allow donor data to be stored without needlessly proliferating new Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes (LOINC) codes for already-coded laboratory tests.

  2. Multi-layer Architecture For Storing Visual Data Based on WCF and Microsoft SQL Server Database

    OpenAIRE

    Grycuk, Rafal; Gabryel, Marcin; Scherer, Rafal; Voloshynovskiy, Sviatoslav

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we present a novel architecture for storing visual data. Effective storing, browsing and searching collections of images is one of the most important challenges of computer science. The design of architecture for storing such data requires a set of tools and frameworks such as SQL database management systems and service-oriented frameworks. The proposed solution is based on a multi-layer architecture, which allows to replace any component without recompilation of other component...

  3. Site selection under the underground geologic store plan. Procedures of selecting underground geologic stores as disputed by society, science, and politics. Site selection rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new Nuclear Power Act and the Nuclear Power Ordinance of 2005 are used in Switzerland to select a site of an underground geologic store for radioactive waste in a substantive planning procedure. The ''Underground Geologic Store Substantive Plan'' is to ensure the possibility to build underground geologic stores in an independent, transparent and fair procedure. The Federal Office for Energy (BFE) is the agency responsible for this procedure. The ''Underground Geologic Store'' Substantive Plan comprises these principles: - The long term protection of people and the environment enjoys priority. Aspects of regional planning, economics and society are of secondary importance. - Site selection is based on the waste volumes arising from the five nuclear power plants currently existing in Switzerland. The Substantive Plan is no precedent for or against future nuclear power plants. - A transparent and fair procedure is an indispensable prerequisite for achieving the objectives of a Substantive Plan, i.e., finding accepted sites for underground geologic stores. The Underground Geologic Stores Substantive Plan is arranged in two parts, a conceptual part defining the rules of the selection process, and an implementation part documenting the selection process step by step and, in the end, naming specific sites of underground geologic stores in Switzerland. The objective is to be able to commission underground geologic stores in 25 or 35 years' time. In principle, 2 sites are envisaged, one for low and intermediate level waste, and one for high level waste. The Swiss Federal Council approved the conceptual part on April 2, 2008. This marks the beginning of the implementation phase and the site selection process proper. (orig.)

  4. Food marketing targeting youth and families: what do we know about stores where moms actually shop?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana S; Rooney, Mary R

    2013-01-01

    Although efforts are underway to examine marketing that targets the youth and families in the retail food store environment, few studies have specifically focused on stores that families identify as their primary sites for food shopping. Between November 2011 and April 2012, we examined the frequency and types of marketing techniques of 114 packaged and nonpackaged items in 24 food stores that mothers of young children in Champaign County, IL, said they commonly frequented. Chi-square tests were used to determine whether significant differences existed between items with regard to marketing by store type, store food-assistance-program acceptance (i.e., WIC), and claims. Overall, stores accepting WIC and convenience stores had higher frequencies of marketing compared to non-WIC and grocery stores. Fruits and vegetables had the lowest frequency of any marketing claim, while salty snacks and soda had the highest frequency of marketing claims. Nutrition claims were the most common across all items, followed by taste, suggested use, fun, and convenience. Television tie-ins and cartoons were observed more often than movie tie-ins and giveaways. Our results suggest an opportunity to promote healthful items more efficiently by focusing efforts on stores where mothers actually shop. PMID:24163701

  5. Investigating the Effects of Store-Brand Introduction on Retailer Demand and Pricing Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Pradeep K. Chintagunta; André Bonfrer; Inseong Song

    2002-01-01

    Researchers have recently been interested in studying the drivers of store-brand success as well as factors that motivate retailers to introduce store brands. In this paper, we study the effects of the introduction of a store-brand into a particular product category. Specifically, we are interested in the effect of store-brand introduction on the demand as well as on the supply side. On the demand side, we investigate the changes in preferences for the national brands and price elasticities i...

  6. Food Marketing Targeting Youth and Families: What Do We Know about Stores Where Moms Actually Shop?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Although efforts are underway to examine marketing that targets the youth and families in the retail food store environment, few studies have specifically focused on stores that families identify as their primary sites for food shopping. Between November 2011 and April 2012, we examined the frequency and types of marketing techniques of 114 packaged and nonpackaged items in 24 food stores that mothers of young children in Champaign County, IL, said they commonly frequented. Chi-square tests were used to determine whether significant differences existed between items with regard to marketing by store type, store food-assistance-program acceptance (i.e., WIC, and claims. Overall, stores accepting WIC and convenience stores had higher frequencies of marketing compared to non-WIC and grocery stores. Fruits and vegetables had the lowest frequency of any marketing claim, while salty snacks and soda had the highest frequency of marketing claims. Nutrition claims were the most common across all items, followed by taste, suggested use, fun, and convenience. Television tie-ins and cartoons were observed more often than movie tie-ins and giveaways. Our results suggest an opportunity to promote healthful items more efficiently by focusing efforts on stores where mothers actually shop.

  7. Availability of Medical and Recreational Marijuana Stores and Neighborhood Characteristics in Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Yuyan; Meseck, Kristin; Jankowska, Marta M.

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To examine the availability of marijuana stores in Colorado and associations with neighborhood characteristics. Methods. The addresses for 650 medical and recreational marijuana stores were geocoded and linked to the characteristics of 1249 census tracts in Colorado. Accounting for spatial autocorrelations, autologistic regressions were used to quantify the associations of census tract socioeconomic characteristics with the availability of marijuana stores. Results. Regardless of store types, marijuana stores were more likely to locate in neighborhoods that had a lower proportion of young people, had a higher proportion of racial and ethnic minority population, had a lower household income, had a higher crime rate, or had a greater density of on-premise alcohol outlets. The availability of medical and recreational marijuana stores was differentially correlated with household income and racial and ethnic composition. Conclusions. Neighborhood disparities existed in the availability of marijuana stores, and associations between availability of stores and neighborhood characteristics varied by store types. This study highlighted the need for regulatory measures to prevent marijuana related outcomes in high risk neighborhoods. PMID:27213075

  8. Store Image and Private Label Brands in Zimbabwe: Relationship with General Perception, Perceived Risk and Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Nyengerai

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Private label brand market penetration is estimated at less than 8% in Southern Africa. Retailers need to develop strategies that will drive growth of the industry. A survey was conducted to quantify the effect of two store image dimensions on general private label brand perception as well as the effect of the store image dimensions on perceived risk and quality of private label brands. Data collected was analysed using simple linear regression. Results illustrated that perceived store general image as well as store layout and services had a significant (p < 0.05 and positive effect on general private label brand perception. A higher perception of store image dimensions reduced the perceived risk of purchasing private label brands and the effect was significant (p < 0.05. Store image dimensions did not have a significant effect on perceived quality of private label brands. The authors concluded that there is scope to improve PLB perception among consumers in Zimbabwe through improvements in store image dimensions. They recommended that retailers hone on store image through measures such as selling a wide selection of good quality products; the creation of a good store atmosphere and investment in the training of staff in customers care.

  9. E-shopping and its interactions with in-store shopping

    OpenAIRE

    Farag, Sendy

    2006-01-01

    Nowadays, the Internet permeates society: for many people, life without the Internet is hard to imagine. E-shopping (searching and/or buying products online) has rapidly gained popularity in the past few years, and could affect consumers’ visits to stores. The goal of this research is to show which consumers shop online and how this relates to their store visits. The findings show that people who frequently shop online do not visit stores less often. On the contrary; store visits seem to be s...

  10. An exploration study on detecting important factors influencing brand loyalty in retail stores

    OpenAIRE

    Naser Azad; Hanieh Kasehchi; Hamed Asgari; Hamid Bagheri

    2014-01-01

    Brand loyalty is one of the most important factors influencing on the success of retail stores. Many retail stores in the field of sport shoes in city of Tehran, Iran are facing tight competition and there seems to be that only stores with loyal customers could survive. In this paper, we present an exploration study to find out important factors influencing retail stores selling one of well-known sport shows such as Adidas, Nike, etc. in city of Tehran, Iran. The proposed study designs a ques...

  11. 时尚成衣店%Clothing Store

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z-N Guy Zucker

    2012-01-01

    “时装的消费者是为设计买单而不是为材料。“设计师GuyZucker说。决定消费者购买欲的是时装是否流行和符含季节变化,而非质量。因此.对于时装设计师来说.对设计的投入和经历远远超过对质量和材料的研究。然而.在建筑领域,情况恰好相反-设计的投资远远小于材料的投资。因此.Z-A设计事务所在Delicatessen时装店的设计中表达了与建筑设计相反的逻辑——设计师将时装设计中的元素可自由拼接组合的材料和不密封材料.引入空间的设计里.服装设计中被考虑的因素被应用到室内空间设计里。%Every consumer of fashion is aware of the fact that he/she is paying for design rather than material. Furthermore, the pace at which an item of clothing becomes obsolete is dictated by the change of fashion trends and seasons and not by the quality of the item. Therefore the capital invested in design exceeds the funds invested in material quality. In architecture the balance of investments is reversed, the cost of materials far exceeds the investment in design. The design for the Delicatessen clothing store follows the economical logic of fashion design in an attempt to invert this typical condition. Two main strategies were brought in from the world of fashion and introduced into the space: the use of transient materials and the idea of a disjointed layer that would cover the space.

  12. Healthy store programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), but not the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), are associated with corner store healthfulness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeWeese, Robin S; Todd, Michael; Karpyn, Allison; Yedidia, Michael J; Kennedy, Michelle; Bruening, Meg; Wharton, Christopher M; Ohri-Vachaspati, Punam

    2016-12-01

    In response to lack of access to healthy foods, many low-income communities are instituting local healthy corner store programs. Some stores also participate in the United States Department of Agriculture's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This study used two assessment tools to compare the healthfulness of offerings at stores participating in local healthy store programs (upgraded stores), WIC, and/or SNAP to that of similar non-participating stores. Based on store audits conducted in 315 New Jersey corner stores in 2014, we calculated healthy food availability scores using subsections of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Corner Stores (NEMS-CS-Availability) and a short-form corner store audit tool (SCAT). We used multivariable regression to examine associations between program participation and scores on both instruments. Adjusting for store and block group characteristics, stores participating in a local healthy store program had significantly higher SCAT scores than did non-participating stores (upgraded: M = 3.18, 95% CI 2.65-3.71; non-upgraded: M = 2.52, 95% CI 2.32-2.73); scores on the NEMS-CS-Availability did not differ (upgraded: M = 12.8, 95% CI 11.6-14.1; non-upgraded: M = 12.5, 95% CI 12.0-13.0). WIC-participating stores had significantly higher scores compared to non-participating stores on both tools. Stores participating in SNAP only (and not in WIC) scored significantly lower on both instruments compared to non-SNAP stores. WIC-participating and non-SNAP corner stores had higher healthfulness scores on both assessment tools. Upgraded stores had higher healthfulness scores compared to non-upgraded stores on the SCAT. PMID:27419041

  13. Acaricidal and Insecticidal Activities of Essential Oils against a Stored-Food Mite and Stored-Grain Insects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Ja-Eun; Kim, Jeong-Moon; Lee, Na-Hyun; Yang, Ji-Yeon; Lee, Hoi-Seon

    2016-01-01

    Twenty plant-derived oils were evaluated for their acaricidal and insecticidal activities against Sitotroga cerealella, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, and Tyrophagus putrescentiae adults, by using the fumigant and filter paper diffusion methods. Responses varied with bioassay systems, insect or mite species, plant oils, and exposure time. Based on the 50% lethal dose (LD50) values against S. oryzae and S. zeamais in the fumigant bioassay, Anethum graveolens oil (4.12 and 1.12 μg/cm(3), respectively) induced the highest mortality, followed by Achillea millefolium (21.92 and 14.91 μg/cm(3)) and Eucalyptus dives (28.02 and 24.02 μg/cm(3)) oils, respectively. The most toxic oil based on the 50% lethal concentration values against T. putrescentiae was E. dives (3.13 μg/cm(3)), followed by Melaleuca leucadendron (3.93 μg/cm(3)) and Leptospermum pertersonii (4.41 μg/cm(3)). Neroli birgard oil (1.70 μg/cm(3)) was the most toxic based on the LD50 values against S. cerealella, followed by Citrus aurantium (1.80 μg/cm(3)) and Artemisia vulgaris (1.81 μg/cm(3)). The insecticidal and acaricidal activities of the plant oils in the filter paper diffusion bioassay were similar to those in the fumigant bioassay. In comparison, A. millefolium, A. graveolens, and E. dives oils were more effective against S. oryzae and S. zeamais in the fumigant bioassay than in the contact bioassay. These results indicate that the insecticidal activity of the three plant oils against S. oryzae and S. zeamais may be due to their fumigant action. Acaricidal activities of the A. millefolium, A. graveolens, and E. dives oils against T. putrescentiae were 2.62, 1.11, and 122 times higher than that of benzyl benzoate in the contact bioassay. These results indicate that A. millefolium, A. graveolens, and E. dives oils have potential for development as agents to control stored-grain insects and mites. PMID:26735047

  14. An Added Value of Neuroscientific Tools to Understand Consumers’ In-Store Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagdziunaite, Dalia; Nassri, Khalid; Clement, Jesper;

    2014-01-01

    Little is still understood about the actual in-store purchase process. Here, we report that prior ad exposure affects in-store decision-making. By using mobile eye-tracking and electroencephalography (EEG), we demonstrate that, unbeknownst to participants, the ad effect was driven by increased vi...... consumer perception and choice....

  15. Fat or lean: adjustment of endogenous energy stores to predictable and unpredictable changes in allostatic load

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultner, Jannik; Kitaysky, Alexander S.; Welcker, Jorg; Hatch, Scott

    2013-01-01

    1. The ability to store energy endogenously is an important ecological mechanism that allows animals to buffer predictable and unpredictable variation in allostatic load. The secretion of glucocorticoids, which reflects changes in allostatic load, is suggested to play a major role in the adjustment of endogenous stores to these varying conditions.

  16. Economic Evaluation of a Solar Charged Thermal Energy Store for Space Heating

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    A thermal energy store corrects the misalignment of heating demand in the winter relative to solar thermal energy gathered in the summer. This thesis reviews the viability of a solar charged hot water tank thermal energy store for a school at latitude 56.25N, longitude -120.85W

  17. Sex Education in Adult Retail Stores: Positioning Consumers' Questions as Teachable Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbenick, Debby; Reece, Michael

    2007-01-01

    To assess the extent to which consumers of adult retail stores present "teachable moments" that could be used for sexuality education, data were analyzed from 273 employees of adult retail stores in 61 U.S. cities. Participants reported on the frequency with which they were asked questions related to disease prevention, pregnancy prevention, or…

  18. The neighborhood food environment: sources of historical data on retail food stores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalez Alma A

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract With the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the United States, and the minimal success of education-based interventions, there is growing interest in understanding the role of the neighborhood food environment in determining dietary behavior. This study, as part of a larger study, identifies historical data on retail food stores, evaluates strengths and limitations of the data for research, and assesses the comparability of historical retail food store data from a government and a commercial source. Five government and commercial listings of retail food stores were identified. The California State Board of Equalization (SBOE database was selected and then compared to telephone business directory listings. The Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to assess the congruency of food store counts per census tract between the SBOE and telephone business directory databases. The setting was four cities in Northern California, 1979–1990. The SBOE and telephone business directory databases listed 127 and 351 retail food stores, respectively. The SBOE listed 36 stores not listed by the telephone business directories, while the telephone business directories listed 260 stores not listed by the SBOE. Spearman's correlation coefficients between estimates of stores per census tract made from the SBOE listings and those made from the telephone business directory listings were approximately 0.5 (p

  19. A computer model for simulating population development of the Indianmeal Moth (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in stored corn

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), is a common pest of stored corn, Zea mays L. We developed a computer model to simulate population development of the Indianmeal moth in stored corn using previously published data describing immature development times and ...

  20. The School Store...Making It Work. Sales, Operations, Merchandising, Management, Accounting, Advertising & Display.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. School of Education.

    This guide was developed to provide specific, practical advice to teachers who are involved in operating a school store as an adjunct to the marketing/distributive education curriculum. The handbook format integrates school store operations with classroom learning activities and the Michigan Marketing and Distributive Education Core Curriculum.…

  1. Base case short-term Pu-oxide store. 2. Pt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the interim storage of plutonium oxide after its conversion from plutonium nitrate and before fabrication into fuel elements. The capacity of the store is 3 tons Pu. A description of the major handling, criticality, maintenance and physical protection philosophy is given, together with comments on the safety of the store and its impact on the environment

  2. 33 CFR 106.270 - Security measures for delivery of stores and industrial supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... stores and industrial supplies. (a) General. The OCS facility owner or operator must ensure that security...). These additional security measures may include: (1) Intensifying inspection of the stores or industrial... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security measures for delivery...

  3. A CASE STUDY OF PROMOTING FRESH BEEF THROUGH IN-STORE DEMONSTRATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Eastwood, David B.; Gray, Morgan D.; Brooker, John R.

    1992-01-01

    In-store demonstrations are becoming a popular way of promoting foods at the retail level. However, little information is available to guide store managers and marketers in the design and implementation of these promotions. A test demonstration for shoulder and top blade steaks is used to estimate the effects of discretionary components of this promotional strategy. Marketing implications are drawn.

  4. Combination of methoprene and controlled aeration to manage insects in stored wheat

    Science.gov (United States)

    The insect growth regulator methoprene, in the commercial formulation Diacon II®, was applied to wheat stored in small bins either alone or in combination with controlled aeration of the bins to lower grain temperature for insect pest management of stored wheat. Grain temperatures and monitored and ...

  5. A Three-Phase Multiobjective Mechanism for Selecting Retail Stores to Close

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong-Chang Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available To operate a successful and growing business, a retail store manager has to make tough decisions about selectively closing underperforming stores. In this paper, we propose using a three-phase multiobjective mechanism to help retail industry practitioners determine which stores to close. In the first phase, a geographic information system (GIS and k-means clustering algorithm are used to divide all the stores into clusters. In the second phase, stores can be strategically selected according to the requirements of the company and the attributes of the stores. In the third phase, a neighborhood-based multiobjective genetic algorithm (NBMOGA is utilized to determine which stores to close. To examine the effectiveness of the proposed three-phase mechanism, a variety of experiments are performed, based partly on a real dataset from a stock-list company in Taiwan. Results from the experiments show that the proposed three-phase mechanism can help efficiently decide which store locations to close. In addition, the neighborhood radius has a considerable influence on the results.

  6. Field trials with plant products to protect stored cowpea against insect damage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boeke, S.J.; Kossou, D.K.; Huis, van A.; Loon, van J.J.A.; Dicke, M.

    2004-01-01

    Plant products were evaluated under field conditions for their efficacy as insecticides against the cowpea beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus, on stored cowpea. Seeds, mixed with finely ground clay and three volatile oils were stored in air-tight jerry-cans and canisters. Pods were treated with leaf p

  7. 7 CFR 1427.16 - Movement and protection of warehouse-stored cotton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Movement and protection of warehouse-stored cotton... Cotton Loan and Loan Deficiency Payments § 1427.16 Movement and protection of warehouse-stored cotton. (a... to the following conditions: (1) The cotton is represented by an electronic warehouse receipt;...

  8. 19 CFR 125.32 - Merchandise delivered to a bonded store or bonded warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... warehouse. 125.32 Section 125.32 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Merchandise delivered to a bonded store or bonded warehouse. When merchandise is carried, carted or lightered to and received in a bonded store or bonded warehouse, the proprietor or his representative...

  9. Combined effect of gamma radiation and an entomopathogenic nematode on some stored product pests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pests infesting stored foods are one of the most common economic problems. Stored product Pests can have a large economic impact on stored bulk grain and processed commodities (Hagstrum and Flinn, 1995). These insects can survive on small amounts of food that accumulate in inaccessible places, such as cracks and crevices, under perforated floors, and inside machinery, and may move from these refuges into packaged and bulk stored products (Campbell et al., 2004). The economic importance of stored product pests and health concerns are: 1-Stored product pests contaminate food far more than they consume. 2- They cause loss in the mass and quality of food. 3- They often cause serious damage to stored foods. 4- An entire stock may be lost if control measures are not employed. 5-Visible damage resulting from their feeding activity will cause food to be refused by consumers. In addition, seeds became invalid for planting. 6-The presence of large numbers of pests will cause food to be rejected by consumers. 7-The activity of stored product pests may lead to the growth of fungi which may be harmful to consumers. 8-Some insects produce benzo- quinones (odour chemicals) which may cause persistent disagreeable odour in commodities.

  10. Stored Energy Scaling and Evaluation for Passive Power Plant Test facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Lian; Ye, Zishen; Chang, Huajian; Li, Yuquan [State Nuclear Power Technology Research and Development Center, Beijing (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-08-15

    The stored energy in pressure vessel would gradually release to coolant in nuclear power plant during the transient of Loss of Coolant Accident. This stored energy should be properly scaled in the integral test facility. Otherwise, the thermal-hydraulic phenomena may distort and safety system behavior may differ. This is especially true for the long time cooling by passive safety systems. bottom-up scaling analysis is preformed to derive criteria to preserve the stored energy similarity of integral test facility from a simplified pressure vessel model. This criterion considered the top-down scaling criteria of the natural circulation similarity and the engineering practice. Several factors that would affect the stored energy are discussed. Thereafter, the stored energy distortion is evaluated for the AP600 test facilities-SPES-2, ROSA/AP600, APEX. The value shows significant stored energy distortion in SPES-2 and ROSA/AP600, which in consistent with the NRC's assessment. Then the distortion is evaluated for the newly designed ACME(Advanced Core-cooling Mechanism Experiment) test facility in China. Theoretically, the criterion is met and stored energy is preserved, which enable it to simulate the long time cooling of passive safety system in nuclear power plant. But the stored energy should be deliberately coped with in engineering practice.

  11. Stored Energy Scaling and Evaluation for Passive Power Plant Test facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The stored energy in pressure vessel would gradually release to coolant in nuclear power plant during the transient of Loss of Coolant Accident. This stored energy should be properly scaled in the integral test facility. Otherwise, the thermal-hydraulic phenomena may distort and safety system behavior may differ. This is especially true for the long time cooling by passive safety systems. bottom-up scaling analysis is preformed to derive criteria to preserve the stored energy similarity of integral test facility from a simplified pressure vessel model. This criterion considered the top-down scaling criteria of the natural circulation similarity and the engineering practice. Several factors that would affect the stored energy are discussed. Thereafter, the stored energy distortion is evaluated for the AP600 test facilities-SPES-2, ROSA/AP600, APEX. The value shows significant stored energy distortion in SPES-2 and ROSA/AP600, which in consistent with the NRC's assessment. Then the distortion is evaluated for the newly designed ACME(Advanced Core-cooling Mechanism Experiment) test facility in China. Theoretically, the criterion is met and stored energy is preserved, which enable it to simulate the long time cooling of passive safety system in nuclear power plant. But the stored energy should be deliberately coped with in engineering practice

  12. Trying Harder and Doing Worse: How Grocery Shoppers Track In-Store Spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ittersum, van K.; Pennings, J.M.E.; Wansink, B.

    2010-01-01

    Although almost one in three U.S. households shops on a budget, it remains unclear whether and how shoppers track their in-store spending to stay within those budgets. A field study and two laboratory studies offer four key generalizations about budget shoppers in grocery stores: (1) They predominan

  13. Trying Harder and Doing Worse: How Grocery Shoppers Track Their In-Store Spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ittersum, van K.; Pennings, J.M.E.; Wansink, B.

    2010-01-01

    Although one in three American households shops on a budget, it remains unclear whether and how shoppers track their in-store spending to stay within budget. A pilot study shows that budget-constrained grocery shoppers predominantly use mental computation strategies to track their in-store spending.

  14. Estimating the SCAN*PRO model of store sales : HB, FM or just OLS?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andrews, Rick L.; Currim, Imran S.; Leeflang, Peter; Lim, Jooseop

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we investigate whether consideration of store-level heterogeneity in marketing mix effects improves the accuracy of the marketing mix elasticities, fit, and forecasting accuracy of the widely-applied SCAN*PRO model of store sales. Models with continuous and discrete representations of

  15. Cooking Matters at the Store: A Case Study of Three Missouri Counties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bess, Melissa M.

    2015-01-01

    Cooking Matters at the Store is a grocery store tour where participants learned about healthy eating and tips for saving money on food purchases. Participants learned how to read food labels, compare unit prices, find whole grains, and three ways to purchase produce. Evaluations revealed that participants planned to use the information they…

  16. Urban farmers' markets: accessibility, offerings, and produce variety, quality, and price compared to nearby stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucan, Sean C; Maroko, Andrew R; Sanon, Omar; Frias, Rafael; Schechter, Clyde B

    2015-07-01

    Most food-environment research has focused narrowly on select stores and restaurants. There has been comparatively less attention to non-storefront food sources like farmers' markets (FMs), particularly in urban communities. The objective of the present study was to assess FMs' potential contribution to an urban food environment in terms of specific foods offered, and compare FM accessibility as well as produce variety, quality, and price to that of nearby stores. Investigators conducted a detailed cross-sectional assessment of all FMs in Bronx County, NY, and of the nearest store(s) selling produce within a half-mile walking distance (up to two stores per FM). The study included 26 FMs and 44 stores. Investigators assessed accessibility (locations of FMs and stores relative to each other, and hours of operation for each), variety (the number and type of all food items offered at FMs and all fresh produce items offered at stores), quality (where produce items were grown and if they were organic), and price (including any sales prices or promotional discounts). Analyses included frequencies, proportions, and variable distributions, as well as mixed-effect regressions, paired t-tests, and signed rank tests to compare FMs to stores. Geographic information systems (GIS) allowed for mapping of FM and store locations and determining street-network distances between them. The mean distance between FMs and the nearest store selling fresh produce was 0.15 miles (range 0.02-0.36 miles). FMs were open substantially fewer months, days, and hours than stores. FMs offered 26.4 fewer fresh produce items on average than stores (p values offered was not fresh produce at all but refined or processed products (e.g., jams, pies, cakes, cookies, donuts, juice drinks). FMs may offer many items not optimal for good nutrition and health, and carry less-varied, less-common fresh produce in neighborhoods that already have access to stores with cheaper prices and overwhelmingly more hours of

  17. The Disney Store in Denmark: An experience-driven audience reception study to identify and reach Danish Disney audience archetypes

    OpenAIRE

    de Marée, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    The Disney Store in Copenhagen would like to communicate more effectively with its local, Danish customers and offer them a better in-store experience. Firstly, this thesis looks to define what constitutes a Disney Store audience. Secondly, it moves onto identifying types within the Disney Store audience by using Janet Wasko’s Disney Audience Archetypes. Thirdly, it measures the experience local visitors have in the Disney Store by using Lise Lyck’s Experience Wheel, as well as qualitative in...

  18. Store Type and Demographic Influence on the Availability and Price of Healthful Foods, Leon County, Florida, 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Leone, Angela F.; Lee, Jung Sun; Rigby, Samantha; Kurtz, Hilda; Johnson, Mary Ann; Betterley, Connie; Park, Sohyun

    2011-01-01

    Introduction The availability of healthful foods varies by neighborhood. We examined the availability and price of more healthful foods by store type, neighborhood income level, and racial composition in a community with high rates of diet-related illness and death. Methods We used the modified Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores to conduct this cross-sectional study in 2008. We surveyed 73 stores (29% supermarkets, 11% grocery stores, and 60% convenience stores) in Leon County, F...

  19. Implementation of Supply Chain Logistics Process Reengineering and E-Business Solution for a Chain Store Business

    OpenAIRE

    Y. C. Ethan Lin

    2006-01-01

    It is now a norm in the convenience store supply chain that a logistics company (or companies) provides logistics services to both chain stores and their suppliers. The coverage rate of stores has become the major factor for winning in the marketplace of chain store businesses. Logistics companies need to establish a logistics center for each market area to provide quick response to the stores in that specific service area. The planning of supply chain logistics operational mechanism has beca...

  20. Alterations in cell surface area and deformability of individual human red blood cells in stored blood

    CERN Document Server

    Park, HyunJoo; Lee, SangYun; Kim, Kyoohyun; Sohn, Yong-Hak; Jang, Seongsoo; Park, YongKeun

    2015-01-01

    The functionality and viability of stored human red blood cells (RBCs) is an important clinical issue in transfusion. To systematically investigate changes in stored whole blood, the hematological properties of individual RBCs were quantified in blood samples stored for various periods with and without a preservation solution called CPDA-1. With 3-D quantitative phase imaging techniques, the optical measurements of the 3-D refractive index (RI) distributions and membrane fluctuations were done at the individual cell level. From the optical measurements, the morphological (volume, surface area and sphericity), biochemical (hemoglobin content and concentration), and mechanical parameters (dynamic membrane fluctuation) were simultaneously quantified to investigate the functionalities and their progressive alterations in stored RBCs. Our results show that the stored RBCs without CPDA-1 had a dramatic morphological transformation from discocytes to spherocytes within 2 weeks which was accompanied with significant ...