Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weir, M. Lynn; Oppizzi, Maria Luisa; Henry, Michael D.; Onishi,Akiko; Campbell, Kevin P.; Bissell, Mina J.; Muschler, John L.
2006-02-17
Precise contact between epithelial cells and their underlying basement membrane is critical to the maintenance of tissue architecture and function. To understand the role that the laminin receptor dystroglycan (DG) plays in these processes, we assayed cell responses to laminin-111 following conditional ablation of DG expression in cultured mammary epithelial cells (MECs). Strikingly, DG loss disrupted laminin-111-induced polarity and {beta}-casein production, and abolished laminin assembly at the step of laminin binding to the cell surface. DG re-expression restored these deficiencies. Investigations of mechanism revealed that DG cytoplasmic sequences were not necessary for laminin assembly and signaling, and only when the entire mucin domain of extracellular DG was deleted did laminin assembly not occur. These results demonstrate that DG is essential as a laminin-111 co-receptor in MECs that functions by mediating laminin anchoring to the cell surface, a process that allows laminin polymerization, tissue polarity, and {beta}-casein induction. The observed loss of laminin-111 assembly and signaling in DG-/-MECs provides insights into the signaling changes occurring in breast carcinomas and other cancers, where DG's laminin-binding function is frequently defective.
Milk Intolerance, Beta-Casein and Lactose.
Pal, Sebely; Woodford, Keith; Kukuljan, Sonja; Ho, Suleen
2015-08-31
True lactose intolerance (symptoms stemming from lactose malabsorption) is less common than is widely perceived, and should be viewed as just one potential cause of cows' milk intolerance. There is increasing evidence that A1 beta-casein, a protein produced by a major proportion of European-origin cattle but not purebred Asian or African cattle, is also associated with cows' milk intolerance. In humans, digestion of bovine A1 beta-casein, but not the alternative A2 beta-casein, releases beta-casomorphin-7, which activates μ-opioid receptors expressed throughout the gastrointestinal tract and body. Studies in rodents show that milk containing A1 beta-casein significantly increases gastrointestinal transit time, production of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and the inflammatory marker myeloperoxidase compared with milk containing A2 beta-casein. Co-administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone blocks the myeloperoxidase and gastrointestinal motility effects, indicating opioid signaling pathway involvement. In humans, a double-blind, randomized cross-over study showed that participants consuming A1 beta-casein type cows' milk experienced statistically significantly higher Bristol stool values compared with those receiving A2 beta-casein milk. Additionally, a statistically significant positive association between abdominal pain and stool consistency was observed when participants consumed the A1 but not the A2 diet. Further studies of the role of A1 beta-casein in milk intolerance are needed.
Milk Intolerance, Beta-Casein and Lactose
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sebely Pal
2015-08-01
Full Text Available True lactose intolerance (symptoms stemming from lactose malabsorption is less common than is widely perceived, and should be viewed as just one potential cause of cows’ milk intolerance. There is increasing evidence that A1 beta-casein, a protein produced by a major proportion of European-origin cattle but not purebred Asian or African cattle, is also associated with cows’ milk intolerance. In humans, digestion of bovine A1 beta-casein, but not the alternative A2 beta-casein, releases beta-casomorphin-7, which activates μ-opioid receptors expressed throughout the gastrointestinal tract and body. Studies in rodents show that milk containing A1 beta-casein significantly increases gastrointestinal transit time, production of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and the inflammatory marker myeloperoxidase compared with milk containing A2 beta-casein. Co-administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone blocks the myeloperoxidase and gastrointestinal motility effects, indicating opioid signaling pathway involvement. In humans, a double-blind, randomized cross-over study showed that participants consuming A1 beta-casein type cows’ milk experienced statistically significantly higher Bristol stool values compared with those receiving A2 beta-casein milk. Additionally, a statistically significant positive association between abdominal pain and stool consistency was observed when participants consumed the A1 but not the A2 diet. Further studies of the role of A1 beta-casein in milk intolerance are needed.
Micellisation and immunoreactivities of dimeric beta-caseins.
Yousefi, Reza; Gaudin, Jean-Charles; Chobert, Jean-Marc; Pourpak, Zahra; Moin, Mostafa; Moosavi-Movahedi, Ali Akbar; Haertle, Thomas
2009-12-01
Bovine beta-casein (beta-CN) is a highly amphiphilic micellising phospho-protein showing chaperone-like activity in vitro. Recently, existence of multiple sequential epitopes on beta-CN polypeptide chain in both hydrophilic-polar (psi) and hydrophobic-apolar domains (phi) has been evidenced. In order to clarify specific contribution of polar and apolar domains in micellisation process and in shaping immunoreactivity of beta-CN, its dimeric/bi-amphiphilic "quasi palindromic" forms covalently connected by a disulfide bond linking either N-terminal (C4 beta-CND) or C-terminal domain (C208 beta-CND) were produced and studied. Depending on the C- or N-terminal position of inserted cysteine, each dimeric beta-CN contains one polar/apolar region at the centre and two external hydrophobic/hydrophilic ends. Consequently, such casein dimers have radically different polarities/hydrophobicities on their outside surfaces. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements indicate that these dimeric casein molecules form micelles of different sizes depending on arrangement of polar fragments of the beta-CN mutants in their constrained dimers. Non-aggregated dimers have different hydrodynamic diameters that could be explained by their different geometries. Measurements of fluorescence showed more hydrophobic environment of Trp residues of C208 beta-CND, while in similar experimental conditions Trp residues of C4 beta-CND and native beta-CN were more exposed to the polar medium. Both fluorescence and DLS studies showed greater propensity for micellisation of the dimeric beta-CNs, suggesting that the factors inducing the formation of micelles are stronger in the bi-amphiphilic dimers. 1-anilino-naphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS) binding studies showed different binding of ANS by these dimers as well as different exposition of ANS binding (hydrophobic) regions in the micellar states. The differences in fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) profiles of C4 beta-CND and C208 beta-CND can
Trichostatin A inhibits beta-casein expression in mammary epithelial cells
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pujuguet, Philippe; Radisky, Derek; Levy, Dinah; Lacza, Charlemagne; Bissell, Mina J.
2002-02-22
Many aspects of cellular behavior are affected by information derived from association of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and with cell membrane receptors. When cultured in the presence of laminin-containing ECM and prolactin (Prl), normal mammary epithelial cells express the milk protein beta-casein. Previously, we defined the minimal ECM- and Prl-responsive enhancer element BCE-1 from the upstream region of the beta-casein gene. We also found that BCE-1 was only active when stably integrated into chromatin, and that trichostatin A (TSA), a reagent that leads to alterations in chromatin structure, was able to activate the integrated enhancer element. We now show that endogenous b-casein gene, which is controlled by a genetic assembly that is highly similar to that of BCE-1 and which is also activated by incubation in ECM and Prl, is instead inhibited by TSA. We provide evidence that the differing response of b-casein and BCE-1 to TSA is neither due to an unusual effect of TSA on mammary epithelial cells, nor to secondary consequences from the expression of a separate gene, nor to a particular property of the BCE-1 construct. As a component of this investigation, we also showed that ECM could mediate rapid histone deacetylation in mammary epithelial cells. These results are discussed in combination with previous work showing that TSA mediates the differentiation of many types of cancer cells but inhibits differentiation of some nonmalignant cell types.
Analysis of beta-casein gene (CSN2 polymorphism in different breeds of cattle
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Martina Miluchová
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false SK X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The goal of work was identification of b - casein gene polymorphism in different breeds of cow. The beta - casein constitutes up to 45 % of the casein of bovine milk. The most common forms of beta-casein in dairy cattle breeds are A1 and A2, while B is less common. The b-casein A1 variant was associated with the incidence of diabetes mellitus 1st type, coronary heart disease and autism. The A2 variant reduces serum cholesterol. The material involved 287 cows (Simmental breed – 111 cows, Pinzgau breed – 89 cows, Holstein breed – 87 cows. Bovine genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood by using commercial kit and used in order to estimate b - casein genotypes by means of PCR-RFLP method. In the populations included in the study were detected all three genotypes – homozygote genotype A1A1, heterozygote genotype A1A2 and homozygote genotype A2A2 with frequencies 0.1261, 0.3333 and 0.5405 in Simmental breed; 0.1379, 0.4598 and 0.4023 in Holstein breed, 0.3034, 0.5168 and 0.1798 in Pinzgau breed. In population of Simmental breed and Holstein breed was higher frequency of allele A2 (0.7072 and 0.6322. In opposite, in population of Pinzgau breed was present higher frequency of the allele A1 (0.5618.
2004-01-01
International audience; Protein ingredients such as hydrolysates of milk proteins may improve the nutritive value of functional foods. For instance, $\\beta$-casein tryptic hydrolysate could simultaneously increase iron absorption and prevent lipid oxidation in foods containing high contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant activity of $\\beta$-casein tryptic hydrolysate and of its $\\beta$-caseinophosphopeptide (f1-25) on Fe(III)/asco...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mandalari, G.; Adel-Patient, K.; Barkholt, Vibeke;
2009-01-01
Initially the resistance to digestion of two cow's milk allergens, beta-casein, and beta-lactoglobulin (beta-Lg), was compared using a "high-protease assay" and a "low-protease assay" in a single laboratory. The low-protease assay represents an alternative standardised protocol mimicking conditions...... found in the gastrointestinal tract. For the high-protease assay, both proteins were incubated with either pepsin or pancreatin and digestion monitored by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography. The low-protease assay involved...... gastroduodenal digestion in the presence or absence of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Both beta-casein and beta-Lg were susceptible to hydrolysis by pepsin and pancreatin in the high-protease assay. In contrast, the kinetics of beta-casein digestion in the low-protease assay were slower, beta-Lg being pepsin...
Lactogenic hormone regulation of beta-casein gene expression in mammary epithelial cells provides an excellent system in which to perform kinetic studies of chromatin remodeling and transcriptional activation. Using HC11 cells as a model, we have investigated the effects of prolactin and glucocortic...
Barroso, A; Dunner, S; Cañón, J
1999-10-01
We have optimized the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) technique to screen the most frequent variants (A1, A2, A3, and B) of the bovine beta-casein gene. Five partly overlapping PCR products (233, 234, 265, 466, and 498 bp) of Exon VII of the beta-casein gene that encompass the target point mutations were heat-denatured, separated on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels, and silver-stained. Simultaneous detection of all variants in reference samples of known genotypes (A1A2, A2A2, A1A3, A1B, and A2B) was best achieved on 17% polyacrylamide (100:1 acrylamide:bis-acrylamide ratio) gels with the PCR product of 234 bp. These results were confirmed by sequencing the allele-specific SSCP bands directly excised from polyacrylamide gels. A population of 65 anonymous samples belonging to various breeds was then analyzed twice, without discrepancies in a blind trial. Routine beta-casein genotyping using PCR-SSCP is proposed as a cost-effective, fast, and sensitive technique.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Teodor Bugeac
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In animal breeding finding and using effective genetic markers for improving important traits it is a continuous challenge. In this respect, several genetic markers were associated in cattle with increased milk production or a better milk quality. This proved to be a useful tool for improving certain traits by selecting individuals carriers of allelic variants that have an effect on a desirable trait. In particular, positive associations between certain alleles found at the milk protein loci with some milk production traits convincingly demonstrated in several cattle breeds. Although, in some cases the results obtained in various studies were not in agreement and varied between breeds or populations. Therefore the objective of this study was to establish associations (if any between alleles found at the beta-casein (CSN2 locus and some milk production traits (milk yield and fat, protein, casein and lactose content in a Holstein-Friesian population reared in Romania. Genetic variants at CSN2 locus were identified by isoelectric focusing (IEF of milk samples. In order to determine milk composition the samples were analysed with MilkoScan FT 6000. For the statistical analysis of data SPSS v.19 for Windows was used. At the CSN2 locus four alleles and seven genotypes were identified in the analyzed cattle population. The cows carriers of CSN2 A2 allele produced the highest milk yield and the highest milk protein content, this result being in agreement with other previous studies.
Huang, Yu; Ren, Haowei; Liu, Biao; Liu, Ning; Li, Meng; Wang, Dongmao
2013-05-01
The selective precipitation of whole casein from skimmed milk was achieved by the addition of calcium salt under acidic pH. The effects of pH, centrifugal force and final concentration of CaCl2 on the separation of casein were studied by measuring the purity of final products using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The results showed that casein with the highest purity could be obtained with the pH of 4.3, the centrifugal force of 10 400 g and the final concentration of CaCl2 of 60 mmol/L. The casein was processed with DEAE anion exchange chromatography and three peaks were obtained. Then the third peak (peak III) was identified with Western-Blot method and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight/time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS). The identification of Western-Blot showed that peak III can combine with the specificity of human milk beta-casein antibody, and it is proved to be human milk beta-casein. The fingerprints of peak III were nalyzed by Mascot searching, and the sequence coverage was 50%, further supporting it is human milk beta-casein. In conclusion, an effective method to obtain human milk beta-casein from milk samples through DEAE anion exchange chromatography was established, and it is suitable for the proteomics research requirements of the beta-casein from human milk.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sprogøe, Jonas; Elkjaer, Bente
2010-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to explore how induction of newcomers can be understood as both organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo, and to develop ways of describing this in terms of learning.......The purpose of this paper is to explore how induction of newcomers can be understood as both organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo, and to develop ways of describing this in terms of learning....
Bini, Donato; Chicone, Carmen; Mashhoon, Bahram
2008-01-01
We study the linear post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity known as gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM); in particular, we examine the similarities and differences between GEM and electrodynamics. Notwithstanding some significant differences between them, we find that a special nonstationary metric in GEM can be employed to show {\\it explicitly} that it is possible to introduce gravitational induction within GEM in close analogy with Faraday's law of induction and Lenz's law in electrodynamics. Some of the physical implications of gravitational induction are briefly discussed.
Hayes, Brett K; Heit, Evan; Swendsen, Haruka
2010-03-01
Inductive reasoning entails using existing knowledge or observations to make predictions about novel cases. We review recent findings in research on category-based induction as well as theoretical models of these results, including similarity-based models, connectionist networks, an account based on relevance theory, Bayesian models, and other mathematical models. A number of touchstone empirical phenomena that involve taxonomic similarity are described. We also examine phenomena involving more complex background knowledge about premises and conclusions of inductive arguments and the properties referenced. Earlier models are shown to give a good account of similarity-based phenomena but not knowledge-based phenomena. Recent models that aim to account for both similarity-based and knowledge-based phenomena are reviewed and evaluated. Among the most important new directions in induction research are a focus on induction with uncertain premise categories, the modeling of the relationship between inductive and deductive reasoning, and examination of the neural substrates of induction. A common theme in both the well-established and emerging lines of induction research is the need to develop well-articulated and empirically testable formal models of induction. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴信东
1993-01-01
Machine learning(ML)is a major subfield of artificial intelligence(AI).It has been seen as a feasible way of avoiding the knowledge bottleneck problem in knowledge-based systems development.Research on ML has concentrated in the main on inductive learning,a paradigm for inducing rules from unordered sets of exmaples.AQ11 and ID3,the two most widespred algorithms in ML,are both inductive.This paper first summarizes AQ11,ID3 and the newly-developed extension matrix approach based HCV algorithm;and then reviews the recent development of inductive learing and automatic knowledge acquisition from data bases.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sprogøe, Jonas; Rohde, Nicolas
2009-01-01
We claim that induction potentially triggers both individual and organizational learning and by drawing on practice-based theory we discuss how the interplay between individual and organization, what we call a generative dance, ignites both kinds of learning....
Bini, Donato; Cherubini, Christian; Chicone, Carmen; Mashhoon, Bahram
2008-01-01
We study the linear post-Newtonian approximation to general relativity known as gravitoelectromagnetism (GEM); in particular, we examine the similarities and differences between GEM and electrodynamics. Notwithstanding some significant differences between them, we find that a special nonstationary metric in GEM can be employed to show {\\it explicitly} that it is possible to introduce gravitational induction within GEM in close analogy with Faraday's law of induction and Lenz's law in electrod...
Neveu, Carole; Mollé, Daniel; Moreno, Javier; Martin, Patrice; Léonil, Joëlle
2002-11-01
Casein variants occurring in milks from goats homozygous at the alpha(s1)-Cn locus were separated and identified by an RP-HPLC/ESI-MS method. Preferential haplotypes arose as well as some particularities in posttranslational modifications. A new variant of caprine beta-Cn, named C, as well as the phosphorylations pattern of the protein were characterized by the combined use of peptide mass fingerprinting and sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry. The molecular mass of the new variant in its 6P form was measured as 23854 Da and it differs in a mono amino acid substitution, A177 --> V177, from the variant A. The phosphorylation pattern of caprine beta-Cn is homologous to bovine beta-Cn concerning the 5P located on Ser15, 17, 18, 19, 35 but it presents a specific additional phosphorylation site on Thr12 that is comparable to human beta-Cn phosphorylation located on Thr3.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henningsen, Poul
. The method has proven to give successful results in brazing tube-plate joints of copper-brass, copper-stainless steel, stainless steel-brass, and stainless steel-stainless steel. A new design of an adjustable flux concentrator for induction heating tube-to-plate joints is proposed and tested on a variety......Induction brazing is a fast and appropriate method for industrial joining of complex geometries and metal combinations. In all types of brazing processes it is important to heat the joint interface of the two materials to the same, high temperature. If one of the specimens is warmer than the other...... materials has large influence on the heating time and temperature distribution in induction heating. In order to ensure high and uniform temperature distribution near the interface of a joint between dissimilar materials the precise coil geometry and position is of great importance. The present report...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kiguchi, K.; Giometti, C.; Chubb, C.H.; Huberman, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Fujiki, H. [National Cancer Center Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)
1992-08-20
Okadaic acid (OA), a tumor promoter and an inhibitor of protein phosphatases (PPH) 1 and 2A, was tested for its ability to induce events associated with differentiation and apoptosis induction in the human MCF-7, AU-565, and MB-231 breast tumor cells. Differentiation in these cells was characterized by inhibition of cell multiplication, reactivity with monoclonal antibodies to {alpha}-lactalbumin and {beta}-casein, and the appearance of large lipid droplets; apoptosis was characterized by the appearance of cells with segmented and fragmented nuclei. In the MCF-7 cell line, OA at nanomolar concentrations elicited within 5 min an increase in the phosphorylation of a set of cellular proteins, within hours expression of the early response genes, junB, c-jun, and c-fos and within days manifestation of differentiation and apoptosis markers. Differentiation and apoptosis were also induced by dinophysistoxin-1 and calyculin A, two other tumor promoters and inhibitors of PPH 1 and 2A, but not by OA tetramethyl ether, an inactive OA derivative, or microcystin LR, a PPH 1 and 2A inhibitor that penetrates epithelial cells poorly. OA induced both differentiation and apoptosis in MB-231 cells and MCF-7, but only differentiation in AU-565 cells. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a tumor promoter that is not an inhibitor of PPH 1 and 2A but rather an activator of protein kinase C, also induced within minutes the phosphorylation of proteins, within hours the expression of early response genes, and within days differentiation, but not apoptosis; yet PMA was able to attenuate apoptosis induced by the okadaic acid class of tumor promoters. These results indicate that OA and related agents can induce processes that result in tumor breast cell differentiation and apoptosis, and this induction is associated with their ability to inhibit PPH 1 and 2A. Yet apoptosis is not necessarily required for differentiation induction by these agents.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rohde, Nicolas; Sprogøe, Jonas
2007-01-01
Research on induction of newcomers is primarily focused on individual processes, such as acquisition of knowledge and socialization in order to create a smooth and frictionless entry period. The interest of our research, however, is the processes that happen on the organizational level. We claim...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schürmann, Carsten; Sarnat, Jeffrey
2009-01-01
Programming languages theory is full of problems that reduce to proving the consistency of a logic, such as the normalization of typed lambda-calculi, the decidability of equality in type theory, equivalence testing of traces in security, etc. Although the principle of transfinite induction...... an induction principle that combines the comfort of structural induction with the expressive strength of transfinite induction. Using lexicographic path induction, we give a consistency proof of Martin-Löf’s intuitionistic theory of inductive definitions. The consistency of Heyting arithmetic follows directly...
Inductive Monitoring System (IMS)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — IMS: Inductive Monitoring System The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a tool that uses a data mining technique called clustering to extract models of normal...
Denecker, Marc; Ternovska, Eugenia
2004-01-01
Temporal reasoning has always been a major test case for knowledge representation formalisms. In this paper, we develop an inductive variant of the situation calculus in ED-logic, classical logic extended with inductive definitions. This logic has been proposed recently and is an extension of classical logic. It allows for a uniform representation of various forms of definitions, including monotone inductive definitions and non-monotone forms of inductive definitions such as iterated inductio...
Inductive Reasoning and Writing
Rooks, Clay; Boyd, Robert
2003-01-01
Induction, properly understood, is not merely a game, nor is it a gimmick, nor is it an artificial way of explaining an element of reasoning. Proper understanding of inductive reasoning--and the various types of reasoning that the authors term inductive--enables the student to evaluate critically other people's writing and enhances the composition…
Hypotheses and Inductive Predictions
ROMEYN, J.-W.
2008-01-01
ABSTRACT. This paper studies the use of hypotheses schemes in generating inductive predictions. After discussing Carnap–Hintikka inductive logic, hypotheses schemes are defined and illustrated with two partitions. One partition results in the Carnapian continuum of inductive methods, the other resul
Boldea, Ion
2002-01-01
Often called the workhorse of industry, the advent of power electronics and advances in digital control are transforming the induction motor into the racehorse of industrial motion control. Now, the classic texts on induction machines are nearly three decades old, while more recent books on electric motors lack the necessary depth and detail on induction machines.The Induction Machine Handbook fills industry's long-standing need for a comprehensive treatise embracing the many intricate facets of induction machine analysis and design. Moving gradually from simple to complex and from standard to
Bovine milk intolerance in celiac disease is related to IgA reactivity to alpha- and beta-caseins.
Cabrera-Chávez, Francisco; de la Barca, Ana María Calderón
2009-06-01
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease triggered mainly by ingestion of wheat gluten proteins. However, some other dietary proteins, such as those of cow's milk, induce celiac disease-like symptoms in some patients with celiac disease. Different approaches have been done to detect the component responsible for this problem, including the possibility of gluten peptides present in cow's milk.
Short communication: the beta-casein (CSN2) silent allele C1 is highly spread in goat breeds.
Chessa, S; Rignanese, D; Küpper, J; Pagnacco, G; Erhardt, G; Caroli, A
2008-11-01
Several single nucleotide polymorphisms have been identified in the goat milk casein genes, most of them modifying the amino acid sequence of the coded protein. At least 9 variants have been found in goat beta-CN (CSN2); 6 of them were characterized at the DNA level (A, A1, C, E, 0, and 0'), whereas the other 3 variants were described only at the protein level. The recently identified silent A1 allele is characterized by a C-->T transition at the 180th nucleotide of the ninth exon. In the present work, typing results from different breeds (3 Italian, 3 German, and a composite of African breeds for a total of 335 samples) demonstrated that the same mutation is carried by the CSN2*C allele. In addition, the T nucleotide at the 180th nucleotide of the ninth exon was always associated with CSN2*C in all the breeds analyzed. Thus, another silent allele occurs at goat CSN2 and can be named CSN2*C1. The much wider distribution of C1 with respect to the A1 allele indicates that the single nucleotide polymorphisms characterizing the silent mutation originated from CSN2*C. A method for the identification of this allele simultaneously with 5 of the 6 DNA-characterized alleles is also proposed. The mutation involved codifies for the same protein of the C allele; nevertheless, its location in the 3' untranslated region of the gene might affect the specific casein expression.
Skrzypczak, Ewa; Babicz, Marek; Pastwa, Marcin
2015-01-01
The objective of the studies was to evaluate the impact of the prolactin receptor and β-casein genes on the basic chemical composition and pH of the colostrum and milk of sows. Experiments were carried out on 103 Złotnicka White breed sows. These animals are under the Domestic Program of Protection of Genetic Resources. Analysis of the influence of polymorphism in the PRLR and CSN2 loci revealed that sows of the TT homozygote were characterised by the highest dry matter content. Analysis of polymorphism in the PRLR locus for protein showed that the highest values were in milk of sows of the TT genotype, and GG homozygotes in the case of the CSN2 locus. Inference of the impact of polymorphism in the PRLR and CSN2 loci on the fat and lactose content of sow milk demonstrated considerable variability. These differences were statistically significant at the level of α = 0.01 and α = 0.05. Periodical changes in individual pH values were apparent for particular genotypes in both loci (PRLR and CSN2). The perceptible changes that occurred between individual genotypes were statistically significant at the levels of α = 0.01 and α = 0.05. The investigations confirmed that the nutritive values of sow colostrum and milk were determined by genetic factors. This issue warrants comprehensive analysis, especially in terms of evaluation of the breeding value of maternal breeds.
Inductive Logic and Statistics
Romeijn, J. -W.
2009-01-01
This chapter concerns inductive logic in relation to mathematical statistics. I start by introducing a general notion of probabilistic induc- tive inference. Then I introduce Carnapian inductive logic, and I show that it can be related to Bayesian statistical inference via de Finetti's representatio
Paul, Clayton R
2010-01-01
"Inductance is an unprecedented text, thoroughly discussing "loop" inductance as well as the increasingly important "partial" inductance. These concepts and their proper calculation are crucial in designing modern high-speed digital systems. World-renowned leader in electromagnetics Clayton Paul provides the knowledge and tools necessary to understand and calculate inductance." "With the present and increasing emphasis on high-speed digital systems and high-frequency analog systems, it is imperative that system designers develop an intimate understanding of the concepts and methods in this book. Inductance is a much-needed textbook designed for senior and graduate-level engineering students, as well as a hands-on guide for working engineers and professionals engaged in the design of high-speed digital and high-frequency analog systems."--Jacket.
Induction motor control design
Marino, Riccardo; Verrelli, Cristiano M
2010-01-01
""Nonlinear and Adaptive Control Design for Induction Motors"" is a unified exposition of the most important steps and concerns in the design of estimation and control algorithms for induction motors. A single notation and modern nonlinear control terminology is used to make the book accessible to readers who are not experts in electric motors at the same time as giving a more theoretical control viewpoint to those who are. In order to increase readability, the book concentrates on the induction motor, eschewing the much more complex and less-well-understood control of asynchronous motors. The
Electromagnetic induction in Australia
Lilley, F. E. M.
Electromagnetic induction at the terrestrial surface is a general and ubiquitous process. This note, which covers research on the subject in Australia, reflects the writer's own interest and refers particularly to induction by natural source fields in the period range of 1 minute to 1 day.Such source fields arise external to Earth, in the ionosphere and beyond, in the magnetosphere. The process of electromagnetic induction by these fields involves the flow through Earth of tens of thousands of amperes, over scale lengths of thousands of kilometers.
Properties of inductive reasoning.
Heit, E
2000-12-01
This paper reviews the main psychological phenomena of inductive reasoning, covering 25 years of experimental and model-based research, in particular addressing four questions. First, what makes a case or event generalizable to other cases? Second, what makes a set of cases generalizable? Third, what makes a property or predicate projectable? Fourth, how do psychological models of induction address these results? The key results in inductive reasoning are outlined, and several recent models, including a new Bayesian account, are evaluated with respect to these results. In addition, future directions for experimental and model-based work are proposed.
Direct reading inductance meter
Kolby, R. B. (Inventor)
1977-01-01
A direct reading inductance meter comprised of a crystal oscillator and an LC tuned oscillator is presented. The oscillators function respectively to generate a reference frequency, f(r), and to generate an initial frequency, f(0), which when mixed produce a difference equal to zero. Upon connecting an inductor of small unknown value in the LC circuit to change its resonant frequency to f(x), a difference frequency (f(r)-f(x)) is produced that is very nearly a linear function of the inductance of the inductor. The difference frequency is measured and displayed on a linear scale in units of inductance.
Fox, Robert L. (Inventor); Copeland, Carl E. (Inventor); Swaim, Robert J. (Inventor); Coultrip, Robert H. (Inventor); Johnston, David F. (Inventor); Phillips, W. Morris (Inventor); Johnson, Samuel D. (Inventor); Dinkins, James R. (Inventor); Buckley, John D. (Inventor)
1994-01-01
An induction heating device includes a handle having a hollow interior and two opposite ends, a wrist connected to one end of the handle, a U-shaped pole piece having two spaced apart ends, a tank circuit including an induction coil wrapped around the pole piece and a capacitor connected to the induction coil, a head connected to the wrist and including a housing for receiving the U-shaped pole piece, the two spaced apart ends of the pole piece extending outwardely beyond the housing, and a power source connected to the tank circuit. When the tank circuit is energized and a susceptor is placed in juxtaposition to the ends of the U-shaped pole piece, the susceptor is heated by induction heating due to magnetic flux passing between the two ends of the pole piece.
Thermal kinetic inductance detector
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cecil, Thomas; Gades, Lisa; Miceli, Antonio; Quaranta, Orlando
2016-12-20
A microcalorimeter for radiation detection that uses superconducting kinetic inductance resonators as the thermometers. The detector is frequency-multiplexed which enables detector systems with a large number of pixels.
Making Mathematical Induction Meaningful
Hirsch, Christian R.
1976-01-01
The author argues that the "least number principle" (well-ordering for positive integers) is more intuitively acceptable to high school students than mathematical induction which can be derived from it. (SD)
Induction of the Proepicardium.
Maya-Ramos, Lisandro; Cleland, James; Bressan, Michael; Mikawa, Takashi
2013-09-01
The proepicardium is a transient extracardiac embryonic tissue that gives rise to the epicardium and a number of coronary vascular cell lineages. This important extracardiac tissue develops through multiple steps of inductive events, from specification of multiple cell lineages to morphogenesis. This article will review our current understanding of inductive events involved in patterning of the proepicardium precursor field, specification of cell types within the proepicardium, and their extension and attachment to the heart.
Induction of the Proepicardium
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Takashi Mikawa
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The proepicardium is a transient extracardiac embryonic tissue that gives rise to the epicardium and a number of coronary vascular cell lineages. This important extracardiac tissue develops through multiple steps of inductive events, from specification of multiple cell lineages to morphogenesis. This article will review our current understanding of inductive events involved in patterning of the proepicardium precursor field, specification of cell types within the proepicardium and their extension and attachment to the heart.
1991-01-01
Induction heating technology, a magnetic non-deforming process, was developed by Langley researchers to join plastic and composite components in space. Under NASA license, Inductron Corporation uses the process to produce induction heating systems and equipment for numerous applications. The Torobonder, a portable system, comes with a number of interchangeable heads for aircraft repair. Other developments are the E Heating Head, the Toroid Joining Gun, and the Torobrazer. These products perform bonding applications more quickly, safely and efficiently than previous methods.
Adewole, A I A
2001-01-01
We show that the problem of unifying electromagnetism with gravity has an elegant solution in classical physics through the phenomenon of induction. By studying the way that induction leads to the formation of electromagnetic fields, we identify the classical field equations which the unified field must satisfy and a corresponding set of constitutive equations for the medium sustaining the field. The unification problem is then reduced to the problem of finding the exact form of these constitutive equations for different media by experiments.
Diophantine Correct Open Induction
Raffer, Sidney
2010-01-01
We give an induction-free axiom system for diophantine correct open induction. We relate the problem of whether a finitely generated ring of Puiseux polynomials is diophantine correct to a problem about the value-distribution of a tuple of semialgebraic functions with integer arguments. We use this result, and a theorem of Bergelson and Leibman on generalized polynomials, to identify a class of diophantine correct subrings of the field of descending Puiseux series with real coefficients.
Atkey, Robert; Ghani, Neil
2012-01-01
Dependently typed programming languages allow sophisticated properties of data to be expressed within the type system. Of particular use in dependently typed programming are indexed types that refine data by computationally useful information. For example, the N-indexed type of vectors refines lists by their lengths. Other data types may be refined in similar ways, but programmers must produce purpose-specific refinements on an ad hoc basis, developers must anticipate which refinements to include in libraries, and implementations must often store redundant information about data and their refinements. In this paper we show how to generically derive inductive characterisations of refinements of inductive types, and argue that these characterisations can alleviate some of the aforementioned difficulties associated with ad hoc refinements. Our characterisations also ensure that standard techniques for programming with and reasoning about inductive types are applicable to refinements, and that refinements can the...
Training in Inductive Reasoning.
Tomic, Welko
This study investigated the effects of K. J. Klauer's (1989) inductive reasoning training program of teaching children. Effects of training and the range of transfer of the training were assessed. The subjects were 34 third-grade Dutch children of average ability, matched on age, sex, and IQ. Children from the training condition (N=17) received…
Modeling Induction Motor Imbalances
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Armah, Kabenla; Jouffroy, Jerome; Duggen, Lars
2016-01-01
This paper gives a study into the development of a generalized model for a three-phase induction motor that offers flexibility of simulating balanced and unbalanced parameter scenarios. By analyzing the interaction of forces within the motor, we achieve our main objective of deriving the system...
Dobbs, David E.
2009-01-01
The main purpose of this note is to present and justify proof via iteration as an intuitive, creative and empowering method that is often available and preferable as an alternative to proofs via either mathematical induction or the well-ordering principle. The method of iteration depends only on the fact that any strictly decreasing sequence of…
Teaching Mathematical Induction I.
Dubinsky, Ed
1986-01-01
A novel approach to teaching mathematical induction was used, based on a Piagetian theory of learning abstract mathematical concepts in which the learner uses reflective abstraction to construct new schemas out of old ones. Computer experiences are used to induce students to make the appropriate reflective abstractions. (MNS)
Hathaway, Dan
2011-01-01
Here is a technique for proving the fundamental theorems of analysis that provides a unified way to pass from local properties to global properties on the real line, just as ordinary induction passes from local implication (if true for "k", the theorem is true for "k" + 1) to a global conclusion in the natural numbers.
Decision Procedures for Proving Inductive Theorems without Induction
Aoto, Takahito; Stratulat, Sorin
2014-01-01
International audience; Automated inductive reasoning for term rewriting has been extensively studied in the literature. Classes of equations and term rewriting systems (TRSs) with decidable inductive validity have been identified and used to automatize the inductive reasoning. We give procedures for deciding the inductive validity of equations in some standard TRSs on natural numbers and lists. Contrary to previous decidability results, our procedures can automatically decide without involvi...
Measurement of Self-Inductance.
Mak, S. Y.; Tao, P. K.
1988-01-01
Discusses four different methods for measuring self-inductance based on the definition of inductance, the alternative definition, phase difference and LC resonance. Provides circuit diagrams and typical oscilloscope traces. (YP)
Inductive Reasoning: A Training Approach
Klauer, Karl Josef; Phye, Gary D.
2008-01-01
Researchers have examined inductive reasoning to identify different cognitive processes when participants deal with inductive problems. This article presents a prescriptive theory of inductive reasoning that identifies cognitive processing using a procedural strategy for making comparisons. It is hypothesized that training in the use of the…
Mathematical Induction: A Pedagogical Discussion.
Ernest, Paul
1984-01-01
Discusses the nature of mathematical induction and what constitutes a correct proof by this method and common misconceptions of induction with recommendations for their remediation. The topic is also analyzed into behavioral skills and subjected to a conceptual analysis. Criteria for analyzing and evaluating textbook treatment of induction are…
Hansen, Irving G.
1990-01-01
Electromechanical actuators developed to date have commonly ultilized permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors. More recently switched reluctance (SR) motors have been advocated due to their robust characteristics. Implications of work which utilized induction motors and advanced control techniques are discussed. When induction motors are operated from an energy source capable of controlling voltages and frequencies independently, drive characteristics are obtained which are superior to either PM or SR motors. By synthesizing the machine frequency from a high-frequency carrier (nominally 20 kHz), high efficiencies, low distortion, and rapid torque response are available. At this time multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of aerospace actuators. This effort is based upon high-frequency power distribution and management techniques developed by NASA for Space Station Freedom.
Hansen, Irving G.
Electromechanical actuators developed to date have commonly ultilized permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors. More recently switched reluctance (SR) motors have been advocated due to their robust characteristics. Implications of work which utilized induction motors and advanced control techniques are discussed. When induction motors are operated from an energy source capable of controlling voltages and frequencies independently, drive characteristics are obtained which are superior to either PM or SR motors. By synthesizing the machine frequency from a high-frequency carrier (nominally 20 kHz), high efficiencies, low distortion, and rapid torque response are available. At this time multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of aerospace actuators. This effort is based upon high-frequency power distribution and management techniques developed by NASA for Space Station Freedom.
Inductively commutated coilguns
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mongeau, P.P. (EML Research, Inc., Hudson, MA (US))
1991-01-01
In this paper the concept and relevance of power factor is presented in regards to high performance launchers. As the scale of launchers grows and as efforts to improve efficiency continue power factor considerations will become crucial in engineering design and ultimate launcher performance limits. The use of motion induced commutation to improve the power factor are discussed. Various approaches to inductive commutation are presented, including: the brush-commutated 9 MJ Coilgun, the solid state-switched coilgun and the quenchgun.
Inductively commutated coilguns
Mongeau, Peter P.
1991-01-01
The concept and relevance of power factor is presented in the context of high-performance launchers. As the scale of launchers grows and efforts to improve efficiency continue, power factor considerations will become crucial in engineering design and ultimate launcher performance limits. The use of motion-induced commutation to improve the power factor are discussed. Various approaches to inductive commutation are presented, including the brush-commutated 9-MJ coilgun, the solid state-switched coilgun, and the quenchgun.
A taxonomy of inductive problems.
Kemp, Charles; Jern, Alan
2014-02-01
Inductive inferences about objects, features, categories, and relations have been studied for many years, but there are few attempts to chart the range of inductive problems that humans are able to solve. We present a taxonomy of inductive problems that helps to clarify the relationships between familiar inductive problems such as generalization, categorization, and identification, and that introduces new inductive problems for psychological investigation. Our taxonomy is founded on the idea that semantic knowledge is organized into systems of objects, features, categories, and relations, and we attempt to characterize all of the inductive problems that can arise when these systems are partially observed. Recent studies have begun to address some of the new problems in our taxonomy, and future work should aim to develop unified theories of inductive reasoning that explain how people solve all of the problems in the taxonomy.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chavez, Ray; Harjes, Henry Charles III; Wallace, Zachariah; Elizondo, Juan E.
2007-10-01
The laser trigger switch (LTS) is a key component in ZR-type pulsed power systems. In ZR, the pulse rise time through the LTS is > 200 ns and additional stages of pulse compression are required to achieve the desired <100 ns rise time. The inductance of the LTS ({approx}500nH) in large part determines the energy transfer time through the switch and there is much to be gained in improving system performance and reducing system costs by reducing this inductance. The current path through the cascade section of the ZR LTS is at a diameter of {approx} 6-inches which is certainly not optimal from an inductance point of view. The LTS connects components of much greater diameter (typically 4-5 feet). In this LDRD the viability of switch concepts in which the diameter of cascade section is greatly increased have been investigated. The key technical question to be answered was, will the desired multi-channel behavior be maintained in a cascade section of larger diameter. This LDRD proceeded in 2 distinct phases. The original plan for the LDRD was to develop a promising switch concept and then design, build, and test a moderate scale switch which would demonstrate the key features of the concept. In phase I, a switch concept which meet all electrical design criteria and had a calculated inductance of 150 nH was developed. A 1.5 MV test switch was designed and fabrication was initiated. The LDRD was then redirected due to budgetary concerns. The fabrication of the switch was halted and the focus of the LDRD was shifted to small scale experiments designed to answer the key technical question concerning multi-channel behavior. In phase II, the Multi-channel switch test bed (MCST) was designed and constructed. The purpose of MCST was to provide a versatile, fast turn around facility for the study the multi-channel electrical breakdown behavior of a ZR type cascade switch gap in a parameter space near that of a ZR LTS. Parameter scans on source impedance, gap tilt, gap spacing and
Inductively Coupled Augmented Railgun
Bahder, Thomas B
2011-01-01
We derive the non-linear dynamical equations for an augmented electromagnetic railgun, whose augmentation circuit is inductively coupled to the gun circuit. We solve these differential equations numerically using example parameter values. We find a complicated interaction between the augmentation circuit, gun circuit, and mechanical degrees of freedom, leading to a complicated optimization problem. For certain values of parameters, we find that an augmented electromagnetic railgun has an armature kinetic energy that is 42% larger than the same railgun with no augmentation circuit. Optimizing the parameters may lead to further increase in performance.
Induction motor starting current
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arneaud, J.M.; Langman, R.A. [Tasmania Univ., Hobart, TAS (Australia)
1995-12-31
Large errors may occur if leakage path saturation is neglected when reduced-voltage test results are used to predict the direct-on-line starting current of induction motors. The results of applying three existing and two new methods for starting current prediction are compared with test data from 52 motors. A quantitative assessment is made of the probable reduction in error that would be achieved by increasing the number of available sets of reduced-voltage, locked rotor test results or by including slot design data. Guidelines are given for selecting an appropriate predictive method. (author). 4 tabs., 1 fig., 6 refs.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Razhev, A M; Kargapol' tsev, E S [Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Churkin, D S; Demchuk, S V [Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
2016-03-31
We report the results of experimentally investigated dependences of temporal, spectral and spatial characteristics of an inductive HF-laser generation on the pump conditions. Gas mixtures H{sub 2} – F{sub 2}(NF{sub 3} or SF6{sub 6}) and He(Ne) – H{sub 2} – F{sub 2}(NF{sub 3} or SF{sub 6}) were used as active media. The FWHM pulse duration reached 0.42 μs. This value corresponded to a pulsed power of 45 kW. For the first time, the emission spectrum of an inductive HF laser was investigated, which consisted of seven groups of bands with centres around the wavelengths of 2732, 2736, 2739, 2835, 2837, 2893 and 2913 nm. The cross section profile of the laser beam was a ring with a diameter of about 20 mm and width of about 5 mm. Parameters of laser operation in the repetitively pulsed regime were sufficiently stable. The amplitude instability of light pulses was no greater than 5% – 6%. (lasers)
Vector control of induction machines
Robyns, Benoit
2012-01-01
After a brief introduction to the main law of physics and fundamental concepts inherent in electromechanical conversion, ""Vector Control of Induction Machines"" introduces the standard mathematical models for induction machines - whichever rotor technology is used - as well as several squirrel-cage induction machine vector-control strategies. The use of causal ordering graphs allows systematization of the design stage, as well as standardization of the structure of control devices. ""Vector Control of Induction Machines"" suggests a unique approach aimed at reducing parameter sensitivity for
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Faltens, Andris
2011-01-07
The pulsers used in most of the induction linacs evolved from the very large body of work that was done in the U.S. and Great Britain during the development of the pulsed magnetron for radar. The radar modulators started at {approx}100 kW and reached >10 MW by 1945. A typical pulse length was 1 {mu}s at a repetition rate of 1,000 pps. A very comprehensive account of the modulator development is Pulse Generators by Lebacqz and Glasoe, one of the Radiation Laboratory Series. There are many permutations of possible modulators, two of the choices being tube type and line type. In earlier notes I wrote that technically the vacuum tube pulser met all of our induction linac needs, in the sense that a number of tubes, in series and parallel if required, could produce our pulses, regulate their voltage, be useable in feed-forward correctors, and provide a low source impedance. At a lower speed, an FET array is similar, and we have obtained and tested a large array capable of >10 MW switching. A modulator with an electronically controlled output only needs a capacitor for energy storage and in a switched mode can transfer the energy from the capacitor to the load at high efficiency. Driving a full size Astron induction core and a simulated resistive 'beam load' we achieved >50% efficiency. These electronically controlled output pulses can produce the pulses we desire but are not used because of their high cost. The second choice, the line type pulser, visually comprises a closing switch and a distributed or a lumped element transmission line. The typical switch cannot open or stop conducting after the desired pulse has been produced, and consequently all of the initially stored energy is dissipated. This approximately halves the efficiency, and the original cost estimating program LIACEP used this factor of two, even though our circuits are usually worse, and even though our inveterate optimists often omit it. The 'missing' energy is that which is
Youngquist, Robert C. (Inventor); Simmons, Stephen M. (Inventor)
2015-01-01
An inductive position sensor uses three parallel inductors, each of which has an axial core that is an independent magnetic structure. A first support couples first and second inductors and separate them by a fixed distance. A second support coupled to a third inductor disposed between the first and second inductors. The first support and second support are configured for relative movement as distance changes from the third inductor to each of the first and second inductors. An oscillating current is supplied to the first and second inductors. A device measures a phase component of a source voltage generating the oscillating current and a phase component of voltage induced in the third inductor when the oscillating current is supplied to the first and second inductors such that the phase component of the voltage induced overlaps the phase component of the source voltage.
Cooling by Thermodynamic Induction
Patitsas, S. N.
2016-11-01
A method is described for cooling conductive channels to below ambient temperature. The thermodynamic induction principle dictates that the electrically biased channel will cool if the electrical conductance decreases with temperature. The extent of this cooling is calculated in detail for both cases of ballistic and conventional transport with specific calculations for carbon nanotubes and conventional metals, followed by discussions for semiconductors, graphene, and metal-insulator transition systems. A theorem is established for ballistic transport stating that net cooling is not possible. For conventional transport, net cooling is possible over a broad temperature range, with the range being size-dependent. A temperature clamping scheme for establishing a metastable nonequilibrium stationary state is detailed and followed with discussion of possible applications to on-chip thermoelectric cooling in integrated circuitry and quantum computer systems.
Ortega, Pedro A
2011-01-01
Discovering causal relationships is a hard task, often hindered by the need for intervention, and often requiring large amounts of data to resolve statistical uncertainty. However, humans quickly arrive at useful causal relationships. One possible reason is that humans use strong prior knowledge; and rather than encoding hard causal relationships, they encode beliefs over causal structures, allowing for sound generalization from the observations they obtain from directly acting in the world. In this work we propose a Bayesian approach to causal induction which allows modeling beliefs over multiple causal hypotheses and predicting the behavior of the world under causal interventions. We then illustrate how this method extracts causal information from data containing interventions and observations.
Electromagnetic induction studies
Hermance, J. F.
1983-04-01
Recent developments in electromagnetic induction studies of the lithosphere and the asthenosphere are reviewed. Attention is given to geoelectrical studies of active tectonic areas in terms of the major zones of crustal extension, the basin and range province along western regions of North America, and the Rio Grande rift. Studies have also been performed of tectonic activity around Iceland, the Salton Trough and Cerro Prieto, and the subduction zones of the Cascade Mountains volcanic belt, where magnetotelluric and geomagnetic variation studies have been done. Geomagnetic variations experiments have been reported in the Central Appalachians, and submarine electromagnetic studies along the Juan de Fuca ridge. Controlled source electromagnetic and dc resistivity investigations have been carried out in Nevada, Hawaii, and in the Adirondacks Mountains. Laboratory examinations on the conductivity of representative materials over a broad range of temperature, pressure, and chemistry are described.
Kinetic inductance magnetometer.
Luomahaara, Juho; Vesterinen, Visa; Grönberg, Leif; Hassel, Juha
2014-09-10
Sensing ultra-low magnetic fields has various applications in the fields of science, medicine and industry. There is a growing need for a sensor that can be operated in ambient environments where magnetic shielding is limited or magnetic field manipulation is involved. To this end, here we demonstrate a new magnetometer with high sensitivity and wide dynamic range. The device is based on the current nonlinearity of superconducting material stemming from kinetic inductance. A further benefit of our approach is of extreme simplicity: the device is fabricated from a single layer of niobium nitride. Moreover, radio frequency multiplexing techniques can be applied, enabling the simultaneous readout of multiple sensors, for example, in biomagnetic measurements requiring data from large sensor arrays.
Cooling by Thermodynamic Induction
Patitsas, S. N.
2017-03-01
A method is described for cooling conductive channels to below ambient temperature. The thermodynamic induction principle dictates that the electrically biased channel will cool if the electrical conductance decreases with temperature. The extent of this cooling is calculated in detail for both cases of ballistic and conventional transport with specific calculations for carbon nanotubes and conventional metals, followed by discussions for semiconductors, graphene, and metal-insulator transition systems. A theorem is established for ballistic transport stating that net cooling is not possible. For conventional transport, net cooling is possible over a broad temperature range, with the range being size-dependent. A temperature clamping scheme for establishing a metastable nonequilibrium stationary state is detailed and followed with discussion of possible applications to on-chip thermoelectric cooling in integrated circuitry and quantum computer systems.
A Student Teamwork Induction Protocol
Kamau, Caroline; Spong, Abigail
2015-01-01
Faulty group processes have harmful effects on performance but there is little research about intervention protocols to pre-empt them in higher education. This naturalistic experiment compared a control cohort with an inducted cohort. The inducted cohort attended a workshop, consultations, elected a leader and used tools (a group log and group…
Sampling Assumptions in Inductive Generalization
Navarro, Daniel J.; Dry, Matthew J.; Lee, Michael D.
2012-01-01
Inductive generalization, where people go beyond the data provided, is a basic cognitive capability, and it underpins theoretical accounts of learning, categorization, and decision making. To complete the inductive leap needed for generalization, people must make a key "sampling" assumption about how the available data were generated.…
From Inductive Reasoning to Proof
Yopp, David A.
2009-01-01
Mathematical proof is an expression of deductive reasoning (drawing conclusions from previous assertions). However, it is often inductive reasoning (conclusions drawn on the basis of examples) that helps learners form their deductive arguments, or proof. In addition, not all inductive arguments generate more formal arguments. This article draws a…
Induction: The Early Years of Teaching.
Guyton, Edi; Davis, Douglas; Colarusso, Ron; Grainger, Barbara
2002-01-01
Addresses the need for induction programs for beginning teachers and discusses the theoretical and research support for them. Develops the notion of induction as a community responsibility and describes a university-school induction consortium, a university induction program, an induction program at a middle school, and the role of the principal…
Misoprostol for induction of labor.
Stephenson, Megan L; Wing, Deborah A
2015-10-01
Labor-induction rates have increased considerably in the United States as well as around the world. With up to half of all induced labors requiring cervical ripening, prostaglandins have been utilized to increase induction success and achieve vaginal delivery. Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analog has the ability to mimic the changes of spontaneous labor and has been used off label for over 30 years as a labor-induction agent. In the following article, cervical ripening and induction of labor with misoprostol will be discussed. The risks and benefits of misoprostol for ripening and induction and routes of administration will be reviewed, as well as future directions and new developments for its use.
Inductively generating Euler diagrams.
Stapleton, Gem; Rodgers, Peter; Howse, John; Zhang, Leishi
2011-01-01
Euler diagrams have a wide variety of uses, from information visualization to logical reasoning. In all of their application areas, the ability to automatically layout Euler diagrams brings considerable benefits. In this paper, we present a novel approach to Euler diagram generation. We develop certain graphs associated with Euler diagrams in order to allow curves to be added by finding cycles in these graphs. This permits us to build Euler diagrams inductively, adding one curve at a time. Our technique is adaptable, allowing the easy specification, and enforcement, of sets of well-formedness conditions; we present a series of results that identify properties of cycles that correspond to the well-formedness conditions. This improves upon other contributions toward the automated generation of Euler diagrams which implicitly assume some fixed set of well-formedness conditions must hold. In addition, unlike most of these other generation methods, our technique allows any abstract description to be drawn as an Euler diagram. To establish the utility of the approach, a prototype implementation has been developed.
Optimal control of induction heating processes
Rapoport, Edgar
2006-01-01
This book introduces new approaches to solving optimal control problems in induction heating process applications. Optimal Control of Induction Heating Processes demonstrates how to apply and use new optimization techniques for different types of induction heating installations. Focusing on practical methods for solving real engineering optimization problems, the text features a variety of specific optimization examples for induction heater modes and designs, particularly those used in industrial applications. The book describes basic physical phenomena in induction heating and induction
Antibody induction versus corticosteroid induction for liver transplant recipients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Penninga, Luit; Wettergren, André; Wilson, Colin H
2014-01-01
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is an established treatment option for end-stage liver failure. To date, no consensus has been reached on the use of immunosuppressive T-cell specific antibody induction compared with corticosteroid induction of immunosuppression after liver transplantation....... OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of T-cell specific antibody induction versus corticosteroid induction for prevention of acute rejection in liver transplant recipients. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register...... of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) on 30 September 2013 together with reference checking, citation searching, contact with trial authors and pharmaceutical companies...
Induction of formaldehyde contact sensitivity
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Boman, A; Vølund, A
1985-01-01
intradermal induction with 0.65% formaldehyde; in Stockholm it was 84% after induction with 0.34%. The data from the two laboratories could be described by parallel displaced dose response curves suggesting that the guinea pig strain used in Stockholm was significantly more susceptible to formaldehyde than......, and formaldehyde 1% and 0.1% was used for challenge. The incidence of contact sensitivity depended on the intradermal, but not on the topical induction dose. Statistical analyses showed a non-monotonous (non-linear) dose response relationship. The estimated maximal sensitization rate in Copenhagen was 80% after...
Overview of Bearingless Induction Motors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiaodong Sun
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Bearingless induction motors combining functions of both torque generation and noncontact magnetic suspension together have attracted more and more attention in the past decades due to their definite advantages of compactness, simple structure, less maintenance, no wear particles, high rotational speed, and so forth. This paper overviews the key technologies of the bearingless induction motors, with emphasis on motor topologies, mathematical models, and control strategies. Particularly, in the control issues, the vector control, independent control, direct torque control, nonlinear decoupling control, sensorless control, and so forth are investigated. In addition, several possible development trends of the bearingless induction motors are also discussed.
Bijl, E.; Valenberg, van H.J.F.; Sikkes, S.; Jumelet, S.; Sala, G.; Olieman, K.; Hooijdonk, van A.C.M.; Huppertz, T.
2014-01-01
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of natural variations in aS1-casein and b-casein composition of milk on chymosin-induced hydrolysis of these caseins in milk gels and in sodium caseinate solutions. At 50% casein degradation, 15% more of aS1-casein with eight phosphate groups
ANALYSIS OF POLYMORPHISM OF BETA CASEIN OF SLOVAK PINZGAU CATTLE BY PCR-RFLP FOR ALLELS A1 AND A2
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
MARTINA MILUCHOVÁ
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The work was oriented to identification of -casein gene polymorphism and analysis of genotype structure in population of Slovak Pinzgau cattle. The material involved 89 cattle. Bovine genomic DNA was isolated by fenol-chlorophorm deprotenization and ethanol precipitation and used in order to estimate - casein genotypes by means of PCR-RFLP method. The PCR products were digested with DdeI restriction enzyme. In the population included in the study there were homozygote genotype A1A1 (27 animals, heterozygote genotype A1A2 (46 animals and homozygote genotype A2A2 (16 animals. In the total population of cattle heterozygotes A1A2 – 0.5168 were the most frequent, while homozygotes A2A2 – 0.1798 were the least frequent ones. This suggests a slight superiority of allele A1– 0.5618.
Adjustable Induction-Heating Coil
Ellis, Rod; Bartolotta, Paul
1990-01-01
Improved design for induction-heating work coil facilitates optimization of heating in different metal specimens. Three segments adjusted independently to obtain desired distribution of temperature. Reduces time needed to achieve required temperature profiles.
Induction heating coupler and annealer
Fox, Robert L. (Inventor); Johnson, Samuel D. (Inventor); Copeland, Carl E. (Inventor); Coultrip, Robert H. (Inventor); Phillips, W. Morris (Inventor); Johnston, David F. (Inventor); Swaim, Robert J. (Inventor); Dinkins, James R. (Inventor)
1994-01-01
An induction heating device includes a handle having a hollow interior and two opposite ends, a wrist connected to one end of the handle, a U-shaped pole piece having- two spaced apart ends, a tank circuit including an induction coil wrapped around the pole piece and a capacitor connected to the induction coil, a head connected to the wrist and including a housing for receiving the U-shaped pole piece, the two spaced apart ends of the pole piece extending outwardly beyond the housing, and a power source connected to the tank circuit. When the tank circuit is energized and a susceptor is placed in juxtaposition to the ends of the U-shaped pole piece, the susceptor is heated by induction heating due to a magnetic flux passing between the two ends of the pole piece.
Functional interpretation and inductive definitions
Avigad, Jeremy
2008-01-01
Extending G\\"odel's \\emph{Dialectica} interpretation, we provide a functional interpretation of classical theories of positive arithmetic inductive definitions, reducing them to theories of finite-type functionals defined using transfinite recursion on well-founded trees.
Mathematical Induction in the Classroom
Avital, Shmuel; Hansen, Rodney T.
1976-01-01
This paper discusses the process of investigating a mathematical situation, making conjectures, formulating an equation, then using mathematical induction to show the result is valid. Several examples appropriate for secondary school level are given. (DT)
A Note on Mathematical Induction
Brumfiel, Charles
1974-01-01
A classic problem involving the "misuse" of mathematical induction is presented. The error in the "proof" is then exposed. The generalization of this problem is presented as a false theorem which should serve to highlight the error. (LS)
Automated Discovery of Inductive Theorems
McCasland, Roy; Bundy, Alan; Serge, Autexier
2007-01-01
Inductive mathematical theorems have, as a rule, historically been quite difficult to prove – both for mathematics students and for auto- mated theorem provers. That said, there has been considerable progress over the past several years, within the automated reasoning community, towards proving some of these theorems. However, little work has been done thus far towards automatically discovering them. In this paper we present our methods of discovering (as well as proving) inductive theorems, ...
Inductance and hypergeometric functions. II
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Karlsson, Per W.
2000-01-01
A previously obtained integral for the self-inductance of a solenoid is further transformed. The resulting formula involves double Kampé de Fériet functions which are analytic continuations rather than power series.......A previously obtained integral for the self-inductance of a solenoid is further transformed. The resulting formula involves double Kampé de Fériet functions which are analytic continuations rather than power series....
Laminin Mediates Tissue-specific Gene Expression in Mammary Epithelia
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Streuli, Charles H; Schmidhauser, Christian; Bailey, Nina; Yurchenco, Peter; Skubitz, Amy P. N.; Roskelley, Calvin; Bissell, Mina J
1995-04-01
Tissue-specific gene expression in mammary epithelium is dependent on the extracellular matrix as well as hormones. There is good evidence that the basement membrane provides signals for regulating beta-casein expression, and that integrins are involved in this process. Here, we demonstrate that in the presence of lactogenic hormones, laminin can direct expression of the beta-casein gene. Mouse mammary epithelial cells plated on gels of native laminin or laminin-entactin undergo functional differentiation. On tissue culture plastic, mammary cells respond to soluble basement membrane or purified laminin, but not other extracellular matrix components, by synthesizing beta-casein. In mammary cells transfected with chloramphenicol acetyl transferase reporter constructs, laminin activates transcription from the beta-casein promoter through a specific enhancer element. The inductive effect of laminin on casein expression was specifically blocked by the E3 fragment of the carboxy terminal region of the alpha 1 chain of laminin, by antisera raised against the E3 fragment, and by a peptide corresponding to a sequence within this region. Our results demonstrate that laminin can direct tissue-specific gene expression in epithelial cells through its globular domain.
Inductive System Monitors Tasks
2008-01-01
The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software developed at Ames Research Center uses artificial intelligence and data mining techniques to build system-monitoring knowledge bases from archived or simulated sensor data. This information is then used to detect unusual or anomalous behavior that may indicate an impending system failure. Currently helping analyze data from systems that help fly and maintain the space shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS), the IMS has also been employed by data classes are then used to build a monitoring knowledge base. In real time, IMS performs monitoring functions: determining and displaying the degree of deviation from nominal performance. IMS trend analyses can detect conditions that may indicate a failure or required system maintenance. The development of IMS was motivated by the difficulty of producing detailed diagnostic models of some system components due to complexity or unavailability of design information. Successful applications have ranged from real-time monitoring of aircraft engine and control systems to anomaly detection in space shuttle and ISS data. IMS was used on shuttle missions STS-121, STS-115, and STS-116 to search the Wing Leading Edge Impact Detection System (WLEIDS) data for signs of possible damaging impacts during launch. It independently verified findings of the WLEIDS Mission Evaluation Room (MER) analysts and indicated additional points of interest that were subsequently investigated by the MER team. In support of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate, IMS is being deployed as an anomaly detection tool on ISS mission control consoles in the Johnson Space Center Mission Operations Directorate. IMS has been trained to detect faults in the ISS Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG) systems. In laboratory tests, it has already detected several minor anomalies in real-time CMG data. When tested on archived data, IMS was able to detect precursors of the CMG1 failure nearly 15 hours in advance of
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aggeler, J.; Park, C.S.; Bissell, M.J.
1988-10-01
Synthesis and secretion of milk proteins ({alpha}-casein, {beta}-casein, {gamma}-casein, and transferrin) by cultured primary mouse mammary epithelial cells is modulated by the extracellular matrix. In cells grown on released or floating type I collagen gels, mRNA for {beta}-casein and transferrin is increased as much as 30-fold over cells grown on plastic. Induction of {beta}-casein expression depends strongly on the presence of lactogenic hormones, especially prolactin, in the culture. When cells are plated onto partially purified reconstituted basement membrane, dramatic changes in morphology and milk protein gene expression are observed. Cells cultured on the matrix for 6 to 8 d in the presence of prolactin, insulin, and hydrocortisone form hollow spheres and duct-like structures that are completely surrounded by matrix. The cells lining these spheres appear actively secretory and are oriented with their apices facing the lumen. Hybridization experiments indicate that mRNA for {beta}-casein can be increased as much as 70-fold in these cultures. Because > 90% of the cultured cells synthesize immunoreactive {beta}-casein, as compared with only 40% of cells in the late pregnant gland, the matrix appears to be able to induce protein expression in previously silent cells. Synthesis of laminin and assembly of a mammary-specific basal lamina by cells cultured on different extracellular matrices also appears to depend on the presence of lactogenic hormones. These studies provide support for the concept of dynamic reciprocity in which complex interactions between extracellular matrix and the cellular cytoskeleton contribute to the induction and maintenance of tissue-specific gene expression in the mammary gland.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Penninga, Luit; Wettergren, André; Wilson, Colin H
2014-01-01
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is an established treatment option for end-stage liver failure. To date, no consensus has been reached on the use of immunosuppressive T-cell antibody induction for preventing rejection after liver transplantation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms...... of immunosuppressive T-cell specific antibody induction compared with placebo, no induction, or another type of T-cell specific antibody induction for prevention of acute rejection in liver transplant recipients. SEARCH METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane...... Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) until September 2013. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised clinical trials assessing immunosuppression with T...
On generic representation of implicit induction procedures
Naidich, D.
1996-01-01
We develop a generic representation of implicit induction proof procedures within the cover set induction framework. Our work further develops the approach of cover set induction on propositional orderings. We show that in order to represent a substantially wide range of implicit induction procedure
Kinetic inductance measured in a superconducting wire
Meservey, R. H.; Tedrow, P. M.
1970-01-01
Ultrasensitive technique to measure kinetic inductance has test specimen included as part of the inductance of a tank circuit of a tunnel diode oscillator. Frequency counter measures shift in frequency of oscillator, caused by changes in inductance. Frequency shift in tank circuit is proportional to change in kinetic inductance
Estimation of physical parameters in induction motors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Børsting, H.; Knudsen, Morten; Rasmussen, Henrik
1994-01-01
Parameter estimation in induction motors is a field of great interest, because accurate models are needed for robust dynamic control of induction motors......Parameter estimation in induction motors is a field of great interest, because accurate models are needed for robust dynamic control of induction motors...
On the internal structures of inductive types
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
傅育熙
2000-01-01
The paper investigates the internal structures of hereditary inductive types in logical type theory. By defining a bisimulation equality on the inhabitants of each hereditary inductive type, one is able to show that the inhabitants of a hereditary inductive type satisfy the basic properties of sets. A hereditary inductive type can therefore be conceived as a universe of sets.
Cyclic and Inductive Calculi are equivalent
Voicu, Razvan
2011-01-01
Brotherston and Simpson [citation] have formalized and investigated cyclic reasoning, reaching the important conclusion that it is at least as powerful as inductive reasoning (specifically, they showed that each inductive proof can be translated into a cyclic proof). We add to their investigation by proving the converse of this result, namely that each inductive proof can be translated into an inductive one. This, in effect, establishes the equivalence between first order cyclic and inductive calculi.
Cyclic and Inductive Calculi are equivalent
Razvan VOICU; Li, Mengran
2011-01-01
Brotherston and Simpson [citation] have formalized and investigated cyclic reasoning, reaching the important conclusion that it is at least as powerful as inductive reasoning (specifically, they showed that each inductive proof can be translated into a cyclic proof). We add to their investigation by proving the converse of this result, namely that each inductive proof can be translated into an inductive one. This, in effect, establishes the equivalence between first order cyclic and inductive...
Flexible heating head for induction heating
Fox, Robert L. (Inventor); Johnson, Samuel D. (Inventor); Coultrip, Robert H. (Inventor); Phillips, W. Morris (Inventor)
1993-01-01
An induction heating head includes a length of wire having first and second opposite ends and being wound in a flat spiral shape to form an induction coil, a capacitor connected to the first and second ends of the wire, the induction coil and capacitor defining a tank circuit, and a flexible, elastomeric body molded to encase the induction coil. When a susceptor is placed in juxtaposition to the body, and the tank circuit is powered, the susceptor is inductively heated.
Induction, Space and Positive Ethics : Induction, Space, Ethics
Kirsh, Marvin
2008-01-01
4 pages, 0 figures, 1 reference; International audience; One may purport that ones' awareness of space for scientific purposes comes about from a potential awareness of its' absence that is derived from times when ones attention is not focused on it. Yet simply one might extract the notion that space and entailed properties of it are elemental —i.e. conceptually non reducible and that from which all emanates. The words non-ethical induction, entailing the existence of ethical induction, if co...
38 CFR 21.282 - Effective date of induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction.
2010-07-01
... induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction. 21.282 Section 21.282 Pensions, Bonuses, and... Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Induction into A Rehabilitation Program § 21.282 Effective date of induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction. (a)...
Leduc, Dean; Biringer, Anne; Lee, Lily; Dy, Jessica
2013-09-01
Objectif : Analyser la littérature la plus récente afin de formuler des recommandations factuelles à l’intention des fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux au sujet du déclenchement du travail. Options : Mise en œuvre d’un déclenchement du travail dans le cadre d’une grossesse. Issues : Chronologie et méthode appropriées pour ce qui est du déclenchement, mode d’accouchement approprié et issues maternelles et périnatales optimales. Résultats : La littérature publiée a été récupérée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans PubMed, CINAHL et The Cochrane Library en 2010, au moyen d’un vocabulaire contrôlé (p. ex. « labour », « induced », « labour induction », « cervical ripening ») et de mots clés (p. ex. « induce », « induction », « augmentation ») appropriés. Les résultats ont été restreints aux analyses systématiques, aux essais comparatifs randomisés / essais cliniques comparatifs et aux études observationnelles. Aucune restriction n’a été appliquée en matière de date ou de langue. Les recherches ont été mises à jour de façon régulière et intégrées à la directive clinique jusqu’à la fin de 2010. La littérature grise (non publiée) a été identifiée par l’intermédiaire de recherches menées dans les sites Web d’organismes s’intéressant à l’évaluation des technologies dans le domaine de la santé et d’organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques, dans des registres d’essais cliniques et auprès de sociétés de spécialité médicale nationales et internationales. Valeurs : La qualité des résultats est évaluée au moyen des critères décrits dans le rapport du Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs (Tableau 1). Validation : Les données, les déclarations sommaires et les recommandations que contient la présente directive clinique ont été vérifiées en les comparant à celles de directives
Induction interview form in EDH
Information technology Department, AIS (Administrative Information Services) Group
2007-01-01
As part of the efforts to rationalise administrative procedures, the IT and HR Departments have developed a new EDH form for induction interviews, which can be accessed using the link below. In accordance with Administrative Circular No. 2 ('Recruitment, Appointment and possible developments regarding the contractual position of Staff Members', Rev. 3), the work and training objectives to be achieved during the probation period shall be specified in writing to all new staff members during an induction interview. The interview shall take place between the new staff member and his supervisor within six weeks of his taking up his duties at the latest. https://edh.cern.ch/Document/MAPS/Induction1) (or from the EDH desktop, by clicking on 'Other Tasks' and going to the 'HR & Training' heading) Please note that this form is to be used exclusively for new staff members. A separate EDH form will be developed for fellows.Information technology Department, AIS (Administrative Information Services) Group Human Re...
Induction interview form in EDH
Information technology Department, AIS (Administrative Information Services) Group,
2007-01-01
As part of the efforts to rationalise administrative procedures, the IT and HR Departments have developed a new EDH form for induction interviews, which can be accessed using the link below. In accordance with Administrative Circular No. 2 ('Recruitment, Appointment and possible developments regarding the contractual position of Staff Members', Rev. 3), the work and training objectives to be achieved during the probation period shall be specified in writing to all new staff members during an induction interview. The interview shall take place between the new staff member and his supervisor within six weeks of him taking up his duties at the latest. https://edh.cern.ch/Document/MAPS/Induction (or from the EDH desktop, by clicking on 'Other Tasks' and going to the 'HR & Training' heading) Please note that this form is to be used exclusively for new staff members. A separate EDH form will be developed for fellows. Information technology Department, AIS (Administrative Information Services) Group Human...
Road infrastructure and demand induction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick; Hovgesen, Henrik Harder; Lahrmann, Harry
2006-01-01
a long screenline is used to measure the development in aggregate demand in selected corridors. The paper analyses demand induction by establishing time series of aggregate demand that is compared with the national traffic index. Significant trend breaks in the association between aggregate demand...... in the corridors and the national index, following the opening of motorways or bridges, indicates demand induction by infrastructure expansion in a number of instances. Lack of significant trend breaks following opening year is found in peripheral areas where major population centres are missing. This indicates...... the necessity of some latent demand within suitable travel range for new infrastructure elements to produce significant amounts of induced demand. Estimates of demand induction as a percentage of the realised demand five years after opening are between 10% and 67% for new motorway sections depending...
Closed inductively coupled plasma cell
Manning, Thomas J.; Palmer, Byron A.; Hof, Douglas E.
1990-01-01
A closed inductively coupled plasma cell generates a relatively high power, low noise plasma for use in spectroscopic studies. A variety of gases can be selected to form the plasma to minimize spectroscopic interference and to provide a electron density and temperature range for the sample to be analyzed. Grounded conductors are placed at the tube ends and axially displaced from the inductive coil, whereby the resulting electromagnetic field acts to elongate the plasma in the tube. Sample materials can be injected in the plasma to be excited for spectroscopy.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LIU Shu-jie; LI Yue; SUN Bo; WANG Chang-song; GONG Yu-lei; ZHOU Yan-mei; LI En-you
2010-01-01
Background Vital capacity induction and tidal breathing induction are currently administered for inhalation induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. The aim of this study was to compare them using sevoflurane with respect to induction time,complications of inhalation induction, and compound A production in adult patients.Methods Fifty-one women with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅱ undergoing mammary gland tumorectomy were randomly assigned to receive either vital capacity induction or tidal breathing induction with 8% sevoflurane at 6 L/min followed by laryngeal mask airway insertion. Induction times, complications of inhalation induction,and vital signs were recorded. Inspired concentrations of compound A were assayed and sofnolime temperatures were monitored at one-minute intervals after sevoflurane administration.Results The time to loss of eyelash reflex was significantly shorter with the vital capacity induction technique than with the tidal breathing induction technique ((43.8±13.4) seconds vs. (70.8±16.4) seconds, respectively; P ＜0.01).Cardiovascular stability was similar in both groups. The incidence of complications was significantly less with the vital capacity induction technique than with the tidal breathing induction technique (7.7% vs. 32%, respectively; P ＜0.01).However, the mean and maximum concentrations of compound A during induction were significantly higher in the vital capacity group than those in the tidal breathing group (P ＜0.05); compound A concentration at the beginning of anesthesia maintenance was (40.73±10.83) ppm in the vital capacity group and (29.45±7.51) ppm in tidal breathing group (P=0.019).Conclusion For inhalation induction of anesthesia, the vital capacity induction was faster and produced fewer complications than that for tidal breathing induction, but increased compound A production in the circuit system.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eisenstein, R.S.; Rosen, J.M.
1988-08-01
The mechanism by which individual peptide and steroid hormones and cell-substratum interactions regulate milk protein gene expression has been studied in the COMMA-D mammary epithelial cell line. In the presence of insulin, hydrocortisone, and prolactin, growth of COMMA-D cells on floating collagen gels in comparison with that on a plastic substratum resulted in a 2.5- to 3-fold increase in the relative rate of ..beta..-casein gene transcription but a 37-fold increase in ..beta..-casein mRNA accumulation. In contrast, whey acidic protein gene transcription was constitutive in COMMA-D cells grown on either substratum, but its mRNA was unstable and little intact mature mRNA was detected. Culturing COMMA-D cells on collagen also promoted increased expression of other genes expressed in differentiated mammary epithelial cells, including those encoding ..cap alpha..- and ..gamma..-casein, transferrin, malic enzyme, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase but decreased the expression of actin and histone genes. Using COMMA-D cells, the authors defined further the role of individual hormones in influencing ..beta..-casein gene transcription. With insulin alone, a basal level of ..beta..-casein gene transcription was detected in COMMA-D cells grown on floating collagen gels. Addition of prolactin but not hydrocortisone resulted in a 2.5- to 3.0-fold increase in ..beta..-casein gene transcription, but both hormones were required to elicit the maximal 73-fold induction in mRNA accumulation. The posttranscriptional effect of hormones on casein mRNA accummulation preceded any detectable changes in the relative rate of transcription. Thus, regulation by both hormones and cell substratum of casein gene expression is exerted primarily at the post transcriptional level.
Inductive logic on conceptual spaces
Sznajder, Marta
2017-01-01
This thesis investigates the question of how conceptual frameworks influence inductive reasoning. A conceptual framework is a collection of concepts used for a particular purpose; we can think of it as a semantic environment in which observations, or evidence, are recorded, and beliefs are formed an
Harrington, K.; Thorpe, M. L.
1969-01-01
Induction-heated plasma torch operates with an input of 1 Mw of direct current of which 71 percent is transferred to the plasma and the remainder is consumed by electrical losses in the system. Continuous operation of the torch should be possible for as long as 5,000 hours.
Direct-reading inductance meter
Kolbly, R. B.
1977-01-01
Meter indicates from 30 nH to 3 micro H. Reference inductor of 15 micro H is made by winding 50 turns of Number 26 Formvar wire on Micrometal type 50-2 (or equivalent) core. Circuit eliminates requirement for complex instrument compensation prior to taking coil inductance measurement and thus is as easy to operate as common ohmmeter.
Kernick, A.
1977-01-01
Laminated bus strips and bifilar litz cable connectors for high-power rectifiers, thrisistors, and transistors provide low inductance and eliminate electromagnetic interference in high-power circuits. These techniques offer significant cost advantages because of ease of assembly and consistent high quality of product. Effectiveness makes general usage in static power conversion likely.
Teaching the Photoelectric Effect Inductively
Sokolowski, Andrzej
2013-01-01
Research has shown that students have difficulty understanding the underlying process of the photoelectric effect. Thus, this study sought to utilize an inductively situated lesson for teaching the photoelectric effect, hypothesizing that this type of enquiry would help learners delve deeper into the principles of the phenomenon and provide a…
Mathematical Induction: Deductive Logic Perspective
Dogan, Hamide
2016-01-01
Many studies mentioned the deductive nature of Mathematical Induction (MI) proofs but almost all fell short in explaining its potential role in the formation of the misconceptions reported in the literature. This paper is the first of its kind looking at the misconceptions from the perspective of the abstract of the deductive logic from one's…
Dirac Induction for loop groups
Posthuma, H.
2011-01-01
Using a coset version of the cubic Dirac operators for affine Lie algebras, we give an algebraic construction of the Dirac induction homomorphism for loop group representations. With this, we prove a homogeneous generalization of the Weyl-Kac character formula and show compatibility with Dirac induc
Experiments with an Induction Cooker
Zilavy, Peter
2009-01-01
The induction cooker is a common appliance nowadays. How does it work? Why is it not possible to use aluminium utensils with it? What experiments can be carried out with it (at different levels) and not only in physics lessons? Searching for the answers to these and other questions is the purpose of this article. (Contains 5 figures.)
Flux Tracking Control of Induction Motors
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LanLin; XiaowuMu; ChunxiaBu
2004-01-01
This paper deals with flux tracking control of induction motors. Firstly,we analyze convergency of non-homogeneous linear time-varying systems and a sufficient condition is given. Finally, the flux regulator of induction motors is discussed.
Inductance Scaling of a Helicoil Using ALEGRA
2013-05-01
5066 The inductance scaling of several helicoil configurations are investigated using the March 2011 release of the Sandia magnetohydrodynamics (MHD...inductance scaling of several helicoil configurations are investigated using the March 2011 release of the Sandia magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) code
Programming with Inductive and Co-Inductive Types
1992-01-27
Lecture Notes in Computer Science 389, eds. D. H. Pitt, D. E. Rydeheard, P. Dybjer, A. M. Pitts, and A. Poign6...University of Edinburgh. 1987. [5] Thierry Coquand and Christine Paulin. Inductively defined types. In COLOG-88, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 417, eds...Computer Science, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 283, eds. D. H. Pitt, A. Poing6, and D. E. Rydeheard, pages 140-157. September 1987. [9] Tatsuya
Induction generator-induction motor wind-powered pumping system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Miranda, M.S.; Lyra, R.O.C.; Silva, S.R. [CPDEE - UFMG, Belo Horizonte (Brazil)
1997-12-31
The energy storage matter plays an important role in wind-electric conversion systems for isolated applications. Having that in mind, two different approaches can be basically considered: either the immediate conversion of the generated electric energy, as in a water pumping system or electric energy storage for later use, as in a battery charging system. Due to some features such as no need of an external reactive power source and, sometimes, a gearbox, permanent-magnet synchronous generators have been broadly used in low rated power isolated systems. Despite that, system performance can be affected when the generator is feeding an inductive load (e.g., an induction motor) under variable-speed-variable-frequency operational conditions. Since there is no effective flux control, motor overload may occur at high wind speeds. Thus, good system performance can be obtained through additional control devices which may increase system cost. Although being rugged and cheap, induction machines always work as a reactive power drain; therefore, they demand an external reactive power source. Considering that, reactive static compensators appear as an attractive alternative to the cost x performance problem. In addition to that, different control strategies can be used so that system performance can be improved.
Sequent calculus proof systems for inductive definitions
Brotherston, James
2006-01-01
Inductive definitions are the most natural means by which to represent many families of structures occurring in mathematics and computer science, and their corresponding induction / recursion principles provide the fundamental proof techniques by which to reason about such families. This thesis studies formal proof systems for inductive definitions, as needed, e.g., for inductive proof support in automated theorem proving tools. The systems are formulated as sequent calculi for...
Structured Statistical Models of Inductive Reasoning
Kemp, Charles; Tenenbaum, Joshua B.
2009-01-01
Everyday inductive inferences are often guided by rich background knowledge. Formal models of induction should aim to incorporate this knowledge and should explain how different kinds of knowledge lead to the distinctive patterns of reasoning found in different inductive contexts. This article presents a Bayesian framework that attempts to meet…
Investigation of an Electromagnetic Induction Sensor
2011-12-01
Induction, Metal Detector Waymond R. Scott, Jr. Georgia Tech Applied Research Corporation Office of Sponsored Programs 505 Tenth St., NW Atlanta, GA 30332...dipole coil. Experimental results are presented for several targets. Keywords; Electromagnetic Induction, EMI, Mine, Lansmine, Metal Detector . I...presented for several targets. Keywords; Electromagnetic Induction, EMI, Mine, Landmine, Metal Detector . I. INTRODUCTION For many years, extensive effort
Teaching the photoelectric effect inductively
Sokolowski, Andrzej
2013-01-01
Research has shown that students have difficulty understanding the underlying process of the photoelectric effect. Thus, this study sought to utilize an inductively situated lesson for teaching the photoelectric effect, hypothesizing that this type of enquiry would help learners delve deeper into the principles of the phenomenon and provide a better background for its quantification. The lesson was conducted with a group of fifteen high-school physics students and a computerized simulated experiment was utilized as the medium for instruction. Students’ responses to a qualitative question about the role of a battery in the photoelectric circuit supported the hypothesis that the lesson was a valuable learning experience. This paper presents an outline for the inductively reasoned learning process.
The performance of induction levitators
Eastham, J. F.; Rodger, D.
1984-09-01
The present investigation is concerned with the performance of induction levitators, which are employed in vehicles for contactless transport systems, utilizing magnetic levitation (Maglev). A small model (38 cm long) of an induction levitator is shown. The armature consists of a laminated 'u' shaped iron yoke. Around the limbs of the yoke are wound two primary excitation coils carrying single phase 50 Hz current. Eddy currents, induced in the conducting secondary, produce a force of repulsion between secondary and yoke. A lateral stabilizing force can also be obtained. A description is presented of a study of the characteristics of these forces. Attention is given of a finite element model and the application of the Galerkin weighted residual technique, experimental and calculated results, and a design study of two single phase levitators for a 50 tonne Maglev vehicle.
Online Monitoring of Induction Motors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McJunkin, Timothy R. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Agarwal, Vivek [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lybeck, Nancy Jean [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2016-01-01
The online monitoring of active components project, under the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Technologies Pathway of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, researched diagnostic and prognostic models for alternating current induction motors (IM). Idaho National Laboratory (INL) worked with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to augment and revise the fault signatures previously implemented in the Asset Fault Signature Database of EPRI’s Fleet Wide Prognostic and Health Management (FW PHM) Suite software. Induction Motor diagnostic models were researched using the experimental data collected by Idaho State University. Prognostic models were explored in the set of literature and through a limited experiment with 40HP to seek the Remaining Useful Life Database of the FW PHM Suite.
Induction studies with satellite data
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Nils
1999-01-01
The natural variations of the Earth's magnetic field of periods spanning from milliseconds to decades can be used to infer the conductivity-depth profile of the Earth's interior. Satellites provide a good spatial coverage of magnetic measurements, and forthcoming missions will probably allow....... This paper reviews and discusses the possibilities for induction studies using high-precision magnetic measurements from low-altitude satellites. The different methods and various transfer functions are presented, with special emphasis on the differences in analysing data from ground stations and from...... satellites. The results of several induction studies with scalar satellite data (from the POGO satellites) and with vector data (from the Magsat mission) demonstrate the ability to probe the Earth's conductivity from space. However, compared to the results obtained with ground data the satellite results...
Inductive, Analogical, and Communicative Generalization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adri Smaling
2003-03-01
Full Text Available Three forms of inductive generalization - statistical generalization, variation-based generalization and theory-carried generalization - are insufficient concerning case-to-case generalization, which is a form of analogical generalization. The quality of case-to-case generalization needs to be reinforced by setting up explicit analogical argumentation. To evaluate analogical argumentation six criteria are discussed. Good analogical reasoning is an indispensable support to forms of communicative generalization - receptive and responsive (participative generalization — as well as exemplary generalization.
Inductive shearing of drilling pipe
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ludtka, Gerard M.; Wilgen, John; Kisner, Roger; Mcintyre, Timothy
2016-04-19
Induction shearing may be used to cut a drillpipe at an undersea well. Electromagnetic rings may be built into a blow-out preventer (BOP) at the seafloor. The electromagnetic rings create a magnetic field through the drillpipe and may transfer sufficient energy to change the state of the metal drillpipe to shear the drillpipe. After shearing the drillpipe, the drillpipe may be sealed to prevent further leakage of well contents.
Induction and Mutually Obstructing Equilibria
Hahn, Dorothea; Liu, Mario
2004-01-01
A unified, consistent and simple view of the Faraday law of induction is presented, which consists of two points: discriminating the lab- from the rest-frame electric field and understanding it is the impossibility for both fields to vanish simultaneously, which generates and maintains the circular current. A number of illustrative examples are considered, including a mechano-electric pendulum to exhibit periodic and reversible conversion between electrical and mechanical energy.
The law of electromagnetic induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V.J. Kutkovetskyy
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Mathematical models of the electromagnetic induction law which do not take into account Faraday’s restrictions are not in full accordance with the physical phenomenon and so they are not laws. Their incomplete correspondence with real devices results in such "paradoxes" as unlimited magnetic field of unipolar generators, infinite sizes of inductors for DC and AC machines modeled, and so on.
PERMANENT-MAGNET INDUCTION GENERATORS: AN OVERVIEW
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. S. S. RAMAKRISHNAN
2011-06-01
Full Text Available The advantage of using a permanent-magnet induction generator (PMIG instead of a conventional induction generator is its ability to suppress inrush current during system linking when synchronous input is performed. Induction machines excited with permanent-magnet (PM are called permanent-magnet induction generators. This paper presents an exhaustive survey of the literature discussing the classification of permanent-magnet machines, process of permanent-magnet excitation and voltage build-up, modelling, steady-state and performance analysis of the permanent-magnet induction generators.
Inductance of rf-wave-heated plasmas.
Farshi, E; Todo, Y
2003-03-14
The inductance of rf-wave-heated plasmas is derived. This inductance represents the inductance of fast electrons located in a plateau during their acceleration due to electric field or deceleration due to collisions and electric field. This inductance has been calculated for small electric fields from the two-dimensional Fokker-Planck equation as the flux crossing the surface of critical energy mv(2)(ph)/2 in the velocity space. The new expression may be important for radio-frequency current drive ramp-up, current drive efficiency, current profile control, and so on in tokamaks. This inductance may be incorporated into transport codes that study plasma heating by rf waves.
An induction linac developed for FEL application
de Mascureau, J.; Anthouard, Ph.; Bardy, J.; Eyharts, Ph.; Eyl, P.; Launspach, J.; Thevenot, M.; Villate, D.
1992-07-01
An induction linac is being studied and built at CESTA for FEL application. At first we studied the induction technology and namely the high-voltage (HV) generators and the induction cells. A HV generator designed to feed the cells with calibrated pulses (150 kV, 50 ns, δV/V magnetic switches. This generator is planned for kHz repetition-rate operation. A prototype induction cell has also been built and tested with a cable generator. An electron injector (1.5 MeV, 1.5kA) has been designed and is now under test: it uses ten induction cells and a thermionic dispenser cathode. Numerical codes have been developed and simulations have been compared with experimental results for HV generators, induction cells, and the injector. An induction accelerating module has been studied and we plan to have the accelerator working at 3 MeV in 1992.
Lessons for inductive germline determination.
Seervai, Riyad N H; Wessel, Gary M
2013-08-01
Formation of the germline in an embryo marks a fresh round of reproductive potential, yet the developmental stage and location within the embryo where the primordial germ cells (PGCs) form differs wildly among species. In most animals, the germline is formed either by an inherited mechanism, in which maternal provisions within the oocyte drive localized germ-cell fate once acquired in the embryo, or an inductive mechanism that involves signaling between cells that directs germ-cell fate. The inherited mechanism has been widely studied in model organisms such as Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Xenopus laevis, and Danio rerio. Given the rapid generation time and the effective adaptation for laboratory research of these organisms, it is not coincidental that research on these organisms has led the field in elucidating mechanisms for germline specification. The inductive mechanism, however, is less well understood and is studied primarily in the mouse (Mus musculus). In this review, we compare and contrast these two fundamental mechanisms for germline determination, beginning with the key molecular determinants that play a role in the formation of germ cells across all animal taxa. We next explore the current understanding of the inductive mechanism of germ-cell determination in mice, and evaluate the hypotheses for selective pressures on these contrasting mechanisms. We then discuss the hypothesis that the transition between these determination mechanisms, which has happened many times in phylogeny, is more of a continuum than a binary change. Finally, we propose an analogy between germline determination and sex determination in vertebrates-two of the milestones of reproduction and development-in which animals use contrasting strategies to activate similar pathways.
Induction brazing of complex joints
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henningsen, Poul; Zhang, Wenqi; Bay, Niels
2003-01-01
Induction brazing is a fast and appropriate method for industrial joining of complex geometries and metal combinations. In all types of brazing processes it is important to heat the joint interface of the two materials to the same, high temperature. If one of the specimens is warmer than the other......, or if the hottest area is located outside the joint interface, a number of defects may appear: the braze metal may flow away from the joint, the flux may burn off, poor binding of the braze metal may appear or the braze metal may be overheated. Joint geometry as well as electro-magnetic properties of the work piece...
Lipase Induction in Mucor hiemalis
Akhtar, M. Waheed; Mirza, A. Q.; Chughtai, M. I. D.
1980-01-01
The influence on lipase induction in Mucor hiemalis of different types of triglycerides containing mainly oleic acid (olive oil), erucic acid (mustard oil), or saturated fatty acids of 8 to 16 carbons (coconut oil) was studied. The fungus was grown in shake flasks in a fermentation medium containing peptone, minerals, and glucose or one of the oils as the carbon source. Maximum lipase was produced when the initial pH of the fermentation medium was kept at 4.0. Addition of Ca2+ to the medium d...
Elementary induction on abstract structures
Moschovakis, Yiannis N
2008-01-01
Hailed by the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society as ""easy to use and a pleasure to read,"" this research monograph is recommended for students and professionals interested in model theory and definability theory. The sole prerequisite is a familiarity with the basics of logic, model theory, and set theory.The author, Professor of Mathematics at UCLA and Emeritus Professor of Mathematics,University of Athens, Greece, begins with a focus on the theory of inductive and hyperelementary sets. Subsequent chapters advance to acceptable structures and countable acceptable structures, concl
Supersonic induction plasma jet modeling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Selezneva, S.E. E-mail: svetlana2@hermes.usherbS_Selezneva2@hermes.usherb; Boulos, M.I
2001-06-01
Numerical simulations have been applied to study the argon plasma flow downstream of the induction plasma torch. It is shown that by means of the convergent-divergent nozzle adjustment and chamber pressure reduction, a supersonic plasma jet can be obtained. We investigate the supersonic and a more traditional subsonic plasma jets impinging onto a normal substrate. Comparing to the subsonic jet, the supersonic one is narrower and much faster. Near-substrate velocity and temperature boundary layers are thinner, so the heat flux near the stagnation point is higher in the supersonic jet. The supersonic plasma jet is characterized by the electron overpopulation and the domination of the recombination over the dissociation, resulting into the heating of the electron gas. Because of these processes, the supersonic induction plasma permits to separate spatially different functions (dissociation and ionization, transport and deposition) and to optimize each of them. The considered configuration can be advantageous in some industrial applications, such as plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition of diamond and polymer-like films and in plasma spraying of nanoscaled powders.
Inductive reasoning in Alzheimer's disease.
Smith, E E; Rhee, J; Dennis, K; Grossman, M
2001-12-01
We evaluated knowledge of basic level and superordinate semantic relations and the role of cognitive resources during inductive reasoning in probable Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nineteen mildly demented AD patients and 17 healthy control subjects judged the truthfulness of arguments with a premise and a conclusion that contain familiar concepts coupled with "blank" predicates, such as "Spiders contain phosphatidylcholine; therefore all insects contain phosphatidylcholine." Like healthy control subjects, AD patients were relatively insensitive to the typicality of the premise category when judging the strength of arguments with a conclusion containing a basic-level concept, but were relatively sensitive to typicality during judgments of arguments containing a superordinate in the conclusion. Moreover, AD patients resembled control subjects in judging arguments with an immediate superordinate in the conclusion compared to arguments with a distant superordinate. AD patients differed from control subjects because they could not take advantage of two premises in an argument containing basic-level concepts. We conclude that semantic knowledge is sufficiently preserved in AD to support inductive reasoning, but that limited cognitive resources may interfere with AD patients' ability to consider the entire spectrum of information available during semantic challenges.
Monitoring transients in low inductance circuits
Guilford, R.P.; Rosborough, J.R.
1985-10-21
The instant invention relates to methods of and apparatus for monitoring transients in low inductance circuits and to a probe utilized to practice said method and apparatus. More particularly, the instant invention relates to methods of and apparatus for monitoring low inductance circuits, wherein the low inductance circuits include a pair of flat cable transmission lines. The instant invention is further directed to a probe for use in monitoring pairs of flat cable transmission lines.
The Automation Of Proof By Mathematical Induction
Bundy, Alan
1999-01-01
This paper is a chapter of the Handbook of Automated Reasoning edited by Voronkov and Robinson. It describes techniques for automated reasoning in theories containing rules of mathematical induction. Firstly, inductive reasoning is defined and its importance fore reasoning about any form of repitition is stressed. Then the special search problems that arise in inductive theories are explained followed by descriptions of the heuristic methods that have been devised to solve these problems. ...
Productive Use of Failure in Inductive Proof
Ireland, A.; Bundy, Alan
1996-01-01
Proof by mathematical induction gives rise to various kinds of eureka steps, e.g., missing lemmata and generalization. Most inductive theorem provers rely upon user intervention in supplying the required eureka steps. In contrast, we present a novel theorem-proving architecture for supporting the automatic discovery of eureka steps. We build upon rippling, a search control heuristic designed for inductive reasoning. We show how the failure if rippling can be used in bridging gaps in the searc...
LENUS (Irish Health Repository)
Jager, Richard
2011-09-09
AbstractFollowing the publication of our article, an error in Table 1 was noted. The primer sequences used for PCR of beta-casein are incorrectly stated. The beta-casein primer pair has been incorrectly stated as: beta-casein sense: 5\\'-CCATCCTGCGTCTGGACCTG-3\\' beta-casein antisense: 5\\'-GGAATGTTGTGGAGTGGCAG-3\\' The correct beta-casein primer pair that has been used in the study is: beta-casein sense: 5\\'-GCCTTGCCAGTCTTGCTAAT-3\\' beta-casein antisense: 5\\'-GGAATGTTGTGGAGTGGCAG-3\\' We apologise for any inconvenience this may have caused.
Inductive voltage divider modeling in Matlab
Andreev, S. A.; Kim, V. L.
2017-01-01
Inductive voltage dividers have the most appropriate metrological characteristics on alternative current and are widely used for converting physical signals. The model of a double-decade inductive voltage divider was designed with the help of Matlab/Simulink. The first decade is an inductive voltage divider with balanced winding, the second decade is a single-stage inductive voltage divider. In the paper, a new transfer function algorithm was given. The study shows errors and differences that appeared between the third degree reduced model and a twenty degree unreduced model. The obtained results of amplitude error differ no more than by 7 % between the reduced and unreduced model.
Prostaglandin E, pessaries for induction of labour.
Pearce, J M; Shepherd, J H; Sims, C D
1979-03-17
Vaginal pessaries containing 3 mg of prostaglandin E2 were used to induce labour in 200 patients with variable induction features. Prostaglandin-induced labour was augmented where necessary by synthetic oxytocin. There was on failed induction. Only 23% of patients with favourable induction features and 53% of patients with unfavourable features needed oxytocin. There were no adverse fetal or maternal effects. The prostaglandin E2 pessary was as effective in inducing labour as 350 microgram extra-amniotic prostaglandin E2 in tylose in a comparable group of 200 patients in which there were 4 failed inductions.
Experimental demonstration of the induction synchrotron.
Takayama, Ken; Arakida, Yoshio; Dixit, Tanuja; Iwashita, Taiki; Kono, Tadaaki; Nakamura, Eiji; Otsuka, Kazunori; Shimosaki, Yoshito; Torikai, Kota; Wake, Masayoshi
2007-02-01
We report an experimental demonstration of the induction synchrotron, the concept of which has been proposed as a future accelerator for the second generation of neutrino factory or hadron collider. The induction synchrotron supports a superbunch and a superbunch permits more charge to be accelerated while observing the constraints of the transverse space-charge limit. By using a newly developed induction acceleration system instead of radio-wave acceleration devices, a single proton bunch injected from the 500 MeV booster ring and captured by the barrier bucket created by the induction step voltages was accelerated to 6 GeV in the KEK proton synchrotron.
Inductive Reasoning About Effectful Data Types
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Filinski, Andrzej; Støvring, Kristian
2007-01-01
We present a pair of reasoning principles, definition and proof by rigid induction, which can be seen as proper generalizations of lazy-datatype induction to monadic effects other than partiality. We further show how these principles can be integrated into logical-relations arguments, and obtain...
A Philosophical Treatise of Universal Induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Samuel Rathmanner
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Understanding inductive reasoning is a problem that has engaged mankind for thousands of years. This problem is relevant to a wide range of fields and is integral to the philosophy of science. It has been tackled by many great minds ranging from philosophers to scientists to mathematicians, and more recently computer scientists. In this article we argue the case for Solomonoff Induction, a formal inductive framework which combines algorithmic information theory with the Bayesian framework. Although it achieves excellent theoretical results and is based on solid philosophical foundations, the requisite technical knowledge necessary for understanding this framework has caused it to remain largely unknown and unappreciated in the wider scientific community. The main contribution of this article is to convey Solomonoff induction and its related concepts in a generally accessible form with the aim of bridging this current technical gap. In the process we examine the major historical contributions that have led to the formulation of Solomonoff Induction as well as criticisms of Solomonoff and induction in general. In particular we examine how Solomonoff induction addresses many issues that have plagued other inductive systems, such as the black ravens paradox and the confirmation problem, and compare this approach with other recent approaches.
A Framework of Mathematics Inductive Reasoning
Christou, Constantinos; Papageorgiou, Eleni
2007-01-01
Based on a synthesis of the literature in inductive reasoning, a framework for prescribing and assessing mathematics inductive reasoning of primary school students was formulated and validated. The major constructs incorporated in this framework were students' cognitive abilities of finding similarities and/or dissimilarities among attributes and…
Turning Norton's Dome Against Material Induction
Dawid, Richard
2015-09-01
John Norton has proposed a position of "material induction" that denies the existence of a universal inductive inference schema behind scientific reasoning. In this vein, Norton has recently presented a "dome scenario" based on Newtonian physics that, in his understanding, is at variance with Bayesianism. The present note points out that a closer analysis of the dome scenario reveals incompatibilities with material inductivism itself.
Math Activities that Encourage Inductive Thinking
Freeman, Christopher
2005-01-01
There are two kinds of logical reasoning: "inductive" and "deductive". Inductive reasoning proceeds from effect back to cause, from special case to general principle. Detectives use it, examining the clues and conjecturing the actions that caused them. On the other hand, deductive reasoning proceeds from cause to effect, from principle to…
Teaching Mathematical Induction: An Alternative Approach.
Allen, Lucas G.
2001-01-01
Describes experience using a new approach to teaching induction that was developed by the Mathematical Methods in High School Project. The basic idea behind the new approach is to use induction to prove that two formulas, one in recursive form and the other in a closed or explicit form, will always agree for whole numbers. (KHR)
Eisenstein integrals and induction of relations
Ban, E.P. van den
2004-01-01
A survey of joint work with Henrik Schlichtkrull on the induction of certain relations among (partial) Eisenstein integrals for the minimal principal series of a reductive symmetric space is given. The application of this principle of induction to the proof of the Fourier inversion formula in [11] a
The Tower of Hanoi and Inductive Logic
Merrotsy, Peter
2015-01-01
In the "Australian Curriculum," the concept of mathematical induction is first met in the senior secondary subject Specialist Mathematics. This article details an example, the Tower of Hanoi problem, which provides an enactive introduction to the inductive process before moving to more abstract and cognitively demanding representations.…
Reasoning about modular datatypes with Mendler induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Paolo Torrini
2015-09-01
Full Text Available In functional programming, datatypes a la carte provide a convenient modular representation of recursive datatypes, based on their initial algebra semantics. Unfortunately it is highly challenging to implement this technique in proof assistants that are based on type theory, like Coq. The reason is that it involves type definitions, such as those of type-level fixpoint operators, that are not strictly positive. The known work-around of impredicative encodings is problematic, insofar as it impedes conventional inductive reasoning. Weak induction principles can be used instead, but they considerably complicate proofs. This paper proposes a novel and simpler technique to reason inductively about impredicative encodings, based on Mendler-style induction. This technique involves dispensing with dependent induction, ensuring that datatypes can be lifted to predicates and relying on relational formulations. A case study on proving subject reduction for structural operational semantics illustrates that the approach enables modular proofs, and that these proofs are essentially similar to conventional ones.
Arsenic Induction of Metallothionein and Metallothionein Induction Against Arsenic Cytotoxicity.
Rahman, Mohammad Tariqur; De Ley, Marc
Human exposure to arsenic (As) can lead to oxidative stress that can become evident in organs such as the skin, liver, kidneys and lungs. Several intracellular antioxidant defense mechanisms including glutathione (GSH) and metallothionein (MT) have been shown to minimize As cytotoxicity. The current review summarizes the involvement of MT as an intracellular defense mechanism against As cytotoxicity, mostly in blood. Zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) supplements are also proposed as a possible remediation of As cytotoxicity. In vivo and in vitro studies on As toxicity were reviewed to summarize cytotoxic mechanisms of As. Intracellular antioxidant defense mechanisms of MT are linked in relation to As cytotoxicity. Arsenic uses a different route, compared to major metal MT inducers such as Zn, to enter/exit blood cells. A number of in vivo and in vitro studies showed that upregulated MT biosynthesis in blood components are related to toxic levels of As. Despite the cysteine residues in MT that aid to bind As, MT is not the preferred binding protein for As. Nonetheless, intracellular oxidative stress due to As toxicity can be minimized, if not eliminated, by MT. Thus MT induction by essential metals such as Zn and Se supplementation could be beneficial to fight against As toxicity.
Graph-based inductive reasoning.
Boumans, Marcel
2016-10-01
This article discusses methods of inductive inferences that are methods of visualizations designed in such a way that the "eye" can be employed as a reliable tool for judgment. The term "eye" is used as a stand-in for visual cognition and perceptual processing. In this paper "meaningfulness" has a particular meaning, namely accuracy, which is closeness to truth. Accuracy consists of precision and unbiasedness. Precision is dealt with by statistical methods, but for unbiasedness one needs expert judgment. The common view at the beginning of the twentieth century was to make the most efficient use of this kind of judgment by representing the data in shapes and forms in such a way that the "eye" can function as a reliable judge to reduce bias. The need for judgment of the "eye" is even more necessary when the background conditions of the observations are heterogeneous. Statistical procedures require a certain minimal level of homogeneity, but the "eye" does not. The "eye" is an adequate tool for assessing topological similarities when, due to heterogeneity of the data, metric assessment is not possible. In fact, graphical assessments precedes measurement, or to put it more forcefully, the graphic method is a necessary prerequisite for measurement.
Induction technique in manufacturing preforms
Frauenhofer, M.; Ströhlein, T.; Fabig, S.; Böhm, S.; Herbeck, L.; Dilger, K.
2008-09-01
The prepreg technology is a state-of-the-art method to produce high-performance CFRP parts. Due to the high material prices, the restricted process rate, and limitations to the component complexity, in future, more and more parts will be assembled by using liquid composite moulding. Especially in the case of series larger than 100 parts per year, the LCM technology offers the best cost-effectiveness. This technology is based on resin injection into dry multilayer fibre textiles (preforms). The Institute of Joining and Welding (TU, Braunschweig), together with the Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems (DLR), has elaborated a new technology to speed up the preform process, which is the most labour-intensive step within the LCM process chain. A novel concept to consolidate binder-coated fabrics is under development. By applying the high energy transfer rate of induction technology, it is possible to heat up a preform with rates up to 50 K/s to melt the binder and consolidate the preform.
Improvement of polyploidy induction in Eriocheir sinensis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CUI Zhaoxia; XIANG Jianhai; ZHOU Linghua; CAI Naner; SONG Linsheng
2004-01-01
An incubating temperature of 15 ℃ is used to induce triploidy in Eriocheir sinensis through inhibition of the release of polar body Ⅱ, and that of 18 ℃ to induce tetraploidy through inhibition of the first cleavage. Flow cytometry is used to identify the ploidy in different developmental stages. For induction of triploidy in fertilized eggs in vitro, the highest induction rate observed in blastula by cytochalasin B, 6-DMAP and KC1 is 49.1%, 51.7% and 77.5%,respectively. In the KCl treatment of pregnant crabs with the fertilized eggs, the highest triploid induction rate observed in the zoea is 85.3%. For induction of tetraploidy, the highest induction rate observed in the blastula by cytochaslasin B, 6-DMAP and KCl is 50.3%, 54.9% and 79.8% respectively. In the KC1 treatment of pregnant crabs with the fertilized eggs, the highest induction rate in zoea is 27.3%. Through this study such difficulty as in vitro culture is overcome. Triploid zoea Eriocheir sinensis has been developed for the first time. The induction rate of tetraploid zoea has also been greatly improved.
Instabilities in inductive discharges in reactive gases
Chabert, Pascal
2002-10-01
High-density inductively coupled plasmas (ICP) are routinely used for etching in the microelectronics industry. Since there is a substantial voltage across the non-resonant inductive coil, a fraction of the discharge power is deposited capacitively. The real inductive discharge can therefore exist in two different modes: the capacitive mode (E mode), for low power, and the inductive mode (H mode), for high power. As the power is increased, transitions from capacitive to inductive modes (E-H transitions) are observed. Tuszewski (Journal of Applied Physics, 1996) found that when operating with reactive gases containing negative ions the transition can be unstable, and a wide range of powers exist where the discharge oscillates between higher and lower electron density states. Later, Lieberman and co-workers (Lieberman et al., Applied Physics Letters 1999, and Chabert et al. Plasma Sources Sci. and Technol. 2001) proposed a model of this instability, based on particle and energy balance, showing the crucial role of negative ions in the instability process. This paper will present recent experimental and theoretical work in this area. Oscillations in the unsaturated radical (CF and CF2 in a CF4 inductive discharge) concentrations were measured during the instability by time-resolved laser induced fluorescence, showing that neutral species dynamics can be significant. On the theoretical side, conditions for the stability of inductive discharges with electronegative gases were derived from the model.
Applied intelligent control of induction motor drives
Chan, Tze Fun
2011-01-01
Induction motors are the most important workhorses in industry. They are mostly used as constant-speed drives when fed from a voltage source of fixed frequency. Advent of advanced power electronic converters and powerful digital signal processors, however, has made possible the development of high performance, adjustable speed AC motor drives.This book aims to explore new areas of induction motor control based on artificial intelligence (AI) techniques in order to make the controller less sensitive to parameter changes. Selected AI techniques are applied for different induction motor control s.
Ion plating with an induction heating source
Spalvins, T.; Brainard, W. A.
1976-01-01
Induction heating is introduced as an evaporation heat source in ion plating. A bare induction coil without shielding can be directly used in the glow discharge region with no arcing. The only requirement is to utilize an rf inductive generator with low operating frequency of 75 kHz. Mechanical simplicity of the ion plating apparatus and ease of operation is a great asset for industrial applications; practically any metal such as nickel, iron, and the high temperature refractories can be evaporated and ion plated.
Scalable conditional induction variables (CIV) analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Oancea, Cosmin Eugen; Rauchwerger, Lawrence
2015-01-01
Subscripts using induction variables that cannot be expressed as a formula in terms of the enclosing-loop indices appear in the low-level implementation of common programming abstractions such as filter, or stack operations and pose significant challenges to automatic parallelization. Because...... the complexity of such induction variables is often due to their conditional evaluation across the iteration space of loops we name them Conditional Induction Variables (CIV). This paper presents a flow-sensitive technique that summarizes both such CIV-based and affine subscripts to program level, using the same...
Generalized Rule Induction Based on Immune Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郑建国; 刘芳; 焦李成
2002-01-01
A generalized rule induction mechanism, immune algorithm, for knowledge bases is building an inheritance hierarchy of classes based on the content of their knowledge objects. This hierarchy facilitates group-related processing tasks such as answering set queries, discriminating between objects, finding similarities among objects, etc. Building this hierarchy is a difficult task for knowledge engineers. Conceptual induction may be used to automate or assist engineers in the creation of such a classification structure. This paper introduces a new conceptual rule induction method, which addresses the problem of clustering large amounts of structured objects. The conditions under which the method is applicable are discussed.
Lipase Induction in Mucor hiemalis.
Akhtar, M W; Mirza, A Q; Chughtai, M I
1980-08-01
The influence on lipase induction in Mucor hiemalis of different types of triglycerides containing mainly oleic acid (olive oil), erucic acid (mustard oil), or saturated fatty acids of 8 to 16 carbons (coconut oil) was studied. The fungus was grown in shake flasks in a fermentation medium containing peptone, minerals, and glucose or one of the oils as the carbon source. Maximum lipase was produced when the initial pH of the fermentation medium was kept at 4.0. Addition of Ca to the medium did not increase lipase production. The optimum pH for activity of both the mycelial and extracellular lipases was found to be 7.0. The fungus produced a significant amount of lipase in the presence of glucose, but the lipase activity increased markedly when olive oil was added to the medium at the beginning of the fermentation. Addition of olive oil at a later stage did not induce as much enzyme. Studies with washed mycelia showed that a greater amount of lipase was released when olive oil was present than when glucose was present. Among the various types of triglycerides used as the carbon source, olive oil was found to be most effective in inducing the lipase. Olive oil and mustard oil fatty acids inhibited the lipase more than those of coconut oil. The lipase induced by a particular type of triglyceride did not seem to be specific for the same triglyceride, nor was it inhibited specifically by it. Irrespective of the triglyceride used in the fermentation medium, the lipase produced was most active against coconut oil triglyceride, and this specificity, as shown by lipase activities in an n-heptane system, was not found to be due to a better emulsification of this oil. The lipase of M. hiemalis can be considered to be both constitutive and inducible.
A Philosophical Treatise of Universal Induction
Rathmanner, Samuel
2011-01-01
Understanding inductive reasoning is a problem that has engaged mankind for thousands of years. This problem is relevant to a wide range of fields and is integral to the philosophy of science. It has been tackled by many great minds ranging from philosophers to scientists to mathematicians, and more recently computer scientists. In this article we argue the case for Solomonoff Induction, a formal inductive framework which combines algorithmic information theory with the Bayesian framework. Although it achieves excellent theoretical results and is based on solid philosophical foundations, the requisite technical knowledge necessary for understanding this framework has caused it to remain largely unknown and unappreciated in the wider scientific community. The main contribution of this article is to convey Solomonoff induction and its related concepts in a generally accessible form with the aim of bridging this current technical gap. In the process we examine the major historical contributions that have led to ...
Failed labor induction: toward an objective diagnosis.
LENUS (Irish Health Repository)
Rouse, Dwight J
2011-02-01
To evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes in women undergoing labor induction with an unfavorable cervix according to duration of oxytocin administration in the latent phase of labor after ruptured membranes.
Computer Assisted Introduction to Mathematical Induction.
Blubaugh, William L.
1993-01-01
Describes examples of student-centered activities for exploring mathematical induction using BASIC programs or spreadsheets. Discusses the advantages of using this medium to teach the concept and provides computer programs for the activities. (MDH)
Superconducting Resonant Inductive Power Coupling Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed effort will develop a technology to wirelessly and efficiently transfer power over hundreds of meters via resonant inductive coupling. The key...
Parthenogenesis induction by Wolbachia in parasitoids
The maternally inherited intracellular bacterium, Wolbachia pipientis, induces reproductive alterations in host arthropod populations such as male-killing, feminization, parthenogenesis induction (PI, or reproduction without males) and cytoplasmic incompatibility. Here we report that PI in Mexican O...
Cut Elimination for a Logic with Induction and Co-induction
Tiu, Alwen
2010-01-01
Proof search has been used to specify a wide range of computation systems. In order to build a framework for reasoning about such specifications, we make use of a sequent calculus involving induction and co-induction. These proof principles are based on a proof theoretic (rather than set-theoretic) notion of definition. Definitions are akin to logic programs, where the left and right rules for defined atoms allow one to view theories as "closed" or defining fixed points. The use of definitions and free equality makes it possible to reason intentionally about syntax. We add in a consistent way rules for pre and post fixed points, thus allowing the user to reason inductively and co-inductively about properties of computational system making full use of higher-order abstract syntax. Consistency is guaranteed via cut-elimination, where we give the first, to our knowledge, cut-elimination procedure in the presence of general inductive and co-inductive definitions.
Diagnostics of Internal Inductance in HT-7
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曾立; 万宝年; 钱金平; 范恒玉
2001-01-01
Two arrays of Mirnov coils and a pair of concentric loops have been installed to superconducting tokamak HT-7. Software compensation and digital Fourier series expansion are the two techniques that have been applied successfully in measuring diamagnetic flux of concentric loops and internal inductance. The internal inductance of plasma li, poloidal beta β-, Grad Shafranov parameter A, plasma minor radius ap and the center of the outermost magnetic flux surface △g are determined.
Chinese traditional medicine for induction of ovulation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
肖碧莲
2003-01-01
This is a review paper of some effective recipes of Chinese traditional medicine usedin ovulation induction and treatment of gynecological diseases. Some clinical results bygynecologists using Chinese traditional medicine in combination with western medicineand results from research on traditional medicine with modern technology are presented.A list of frequently used traditional medicine for ovulation induction are selected from the famous Compendium of Materica Medica(本草纲目)by Li Shi-zhen(李时珍).
A Metric Observer for Induction Motors Control
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohamed Benbouzid
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with metric observer application for induction motors. Firstly, assuming that stator currents and speed are measured, a metric observer is designed to estimate the rotor fluxes. Secondly, assuming that only stator currents are measured, another metric observer is derived to estimate rotor fluxes and speed. The proposed observer validity is checked throughout simulations on a 4 kW induction motor drive.
Inductance Calculations of Variable Pitch Helical Inductors
2015-08-01
current. Using the classical skin depth definition , we can adjust the effec- tive diameters used to calculate the inductances. The classical skin depth can...are not. The definition of classical skin depth is an approximation that assumes that all the cmrent is flowing evenly within the region encompassed...inductance can be applied to other more complex forms of geometry, including tapered coils, by simply using the more general forms of the self- and
Inductive Rings and Systems of Diophantine Equations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Rong Fang BIE; Shi Qiang WANG
2006-01-01
In this paper, by using model-theoretic methods, it is shown that some systems of unsolved cubic diophantine equations in number theory can have solutions in certain inductive extension rings of the ring I of rational integers. These inductive rings are not fields, and every element of them is a sum of 4 cubes and a sum of 3 squares. Also some of them satisfy the Goldbach conjecture and some others don't.
Physic basis of electromagnetic induction low
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V.J. Kutkovetskyy
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The statement on the macro level of EMF dependence on change in magnetic flux in time wrong reflects the physical phenomenon of electromagnetic induction low by Faraday, because EMF can be inducted if the magnetic flux of the circuit does not change. Changing magnetic flux of the circuit when the electromotive force arises is only a result of crossing the magnetic field lines by conductor and is an exception, which applies only to certain classes of electric machines.
The Role of Induction Therapy for Esophageal Cancer.
Berry, Mark F
2016-08-01
Survival of esophageal cancer generally is poor but has been improving. Induction chemoradiation is recommended before esophagectomy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma. Both induction chemotherapy and induction chemoradiation are found to be beneficial for locally advanced adenocarcinoma. Although a clear advantage of either strategy has not yet been demonstrated, consensus-based guidelines recommend induction chemoradiation for locally advanced adenocarcinoma.
[Mood induction procedures: a critical review].
Gilet, A-L
2008-06-01
For a long period in the history of psychological research, emotion and cognition have been studied independently, as if one were irrelevant to the other. The renewed interest of researchers for the study of the relations between cognition and emotion has led to the development of a range of laboratory methods for inducing temporary mood states. This paper aims to review the main mood induction procedures allowing the induction of a negative mood as well as a positive mood, developed since the pioneer study of Schachter and Singer [Psychol Rev 69 (1962) 379-399] and to account for the usefulness and problems related to the use of such techniques. The first part of this paper deals with the detailed presentation of some of the most popular mood induction procedures according to their type: simple (use of only one mood induction technique) or combined (association of two or more techniques at once). The earliest of the modern techniques is the Velten Mood Induction Procedure [Behav Res Ther 6 (1968) 473-482], which involves reading aloud sixty self-referent statements progressing from relative neutral mood to negative mood or dysphoria. Some researchers have varied the procedure slightly by changing the number of the statements [Behav Res Ther 21 (1983) 233-239, Br J Clin Psychol 21 (1982) 111-117, J Pers Soc Psychol 35 (1977) 625-636]. Various other mood induction procedures have been developed including music induction [Cogn Emotion 11 (1997) 403-432, Br J Med Psychol 55 (1982) 127-138], film clip induction [J Pers Soc Psychol 20 (1971) 37-43, Cogn Emotion 7 (1993) 171-193, Rottenberg J, Ray RR, Gross JJ. Emotion elicitation using films. In: Coan JA, Allen JJB, editors. The handbook of emotion elicitation and assessment. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007], autobiographical recall [J Clin Psychol 36 (1980) 215-226, Jallais C. Effets des humeurs positives et négatives sur les structures de connaissances de type script. Thèse de doctorat non publi
Sloutsky, Vladimir M.; Fisher, Anna V.
2006-01-01
This article is a response to E. Heit and B. K. Hayes's comment on the target article "Induction and Categorization in Young Children: A Similarity-Based Model" (V. M. Sloutsky & A. V. Fisher, 2004a). The response discusses points of agreement and disagreement with Heit and Hayes; phenomena predicted by similarity, induction, naming, and…
An Algebraic Characterization of Inductive Soundness in Proof by Consistency
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
邵志清; 宋国新
1995-01-01
Kapur and Musser studied the theoretical basis for proof by consistency and obtained an inductive completeness result:p=q if and only if p=q is true in every inductive model.However,there is a loophole in their proof for the soundness part:p=q implies p=q is true in every inductive model.The aim of this paper is to give a correct characterization of inductive soundness from an algebraic view by introducing strong inductive models.
Magnetic Flux Controllers for Induction Heating Applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Valentin Nemkov; Robert Goldstein; Robert Ruffini
2004-01-01
Application of magnetic flux controllers/concentrators to induction heating coils can drastically improve the process efficiency and heat pattern control. Presentation includes: benefits provided by flux controllers, materials available for controllers, application techniques, computer assisted design of induction coils with concentrators, examples of applications. Depending on induction system design, magnetic flux controllers can concentrate heating in a specified area,change heat source distribution and shield a particular part zone or external area preventing unintended eddy current heating.Besides of the coil efficiency improvement and optimal power distribution, magnetic flux controllers reduce the coil current demand from a supplying circuitry thus strongly reducing losses in busswork, cables, transformers and inverter components.Improvement that can be achieved due to magnetic flux controllers is case dependable. 2D and 3D computer simulation allows the designer to predict accurately effect of controllers on the coil parameters and temperature distribution and optimize the whole electromagnetic system. Special attention in presentation is paid to new magnetodielectric materials optimized for induction heating conditions. These materials have high magnetic permeability and saturation flux density,excellent machinability, good chemical and temperature resistance. Concentrators from these materials can work in a wide range of frequencies and specific powers. Examples of magnetic flux controller application include surface hardening of shafts and gears, induction surface hardfacing and brazing.
A logic for inductive probabilistic reasoning
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jaeger, Manfred
2005-01-01
Inductive probabilistic reasoning is understood as the application of inference patterns that use statistical background information to assign (subjective) probabilities to single events. The simplest such inference pattern is direct inference: from '70% of As are Bs" and "a is an A" infer...... that a is a B with probability 0.7. Direct inference is generalized by Jeffrey's rule and the principle of cross-entropy minimization. To adequately formalize inductive probabilistic reasoning is an interesting topic for artificial intelligence, as an autonomous system acting in a complex environment may have...... to base its actions on a probabilistic model of its environment, and the probabilities needed to form this model can often be obtained by combining statistical background information with particular observations made, i.e., by inductive probabilistic reasoning. In this paper a formal framework...
Compact inductive energy storage pulse power system.
K, Senthil; Mitra, S; Roy, Amitava; Sharma, Archana; Chakravarthy, D P
2012-05-01
An inductive energy storage pulse power system is being developed in BARC, India. Simple, compact, and robust opening switches, capable of generating hundreds of kV, are key elements in the development of inductive energy storage pulsed power sources. It employs an inductive energy storage and opening switch power conditioning techniques with high energy density capacitors as the primary energy store. The energy stored in the capacitor bank is transferred to an air cored storage inductor in 5.5 μs through wire fuses. By optimizing the exploding wire parameters, a compact, robust, high voltage pulse power system, capable of generating reproducibly 240 kV, is developed. This paper presents the full details of the system along with the experimental data.
Induction surface hardening of hard coated steels
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pantleon, Karen; Kessler, Olaf; Hoffmann, Franz
1999-01-01
-process is the high deposition temperature, consequently the properties of steel substrates are negatively influenced. Therefore, a subsequent heat treatment of the coated steels is necessary to restore the properties of steels ready for operation. Induction surface hardening is used as a method of heat treatment....... The effect of induction surface hardening on the properties of the coating-substrate-systems is mainly characterized using investigations of microstructure and chemical composition as well as measurements of hardness and residual stresses in dependence on the distance from the surface. Furthermore......, the scratch test is used to estimate critical loads for cohesive and adhesive failure of the coatings. Additionally, distortion measurements are carried out. The results emphasize the advantage of induction surface hardening as a method of subsequent heat treatment of CVD-coated steels....
Application and Perspectives of Multiphase Induction Motors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Benas Kundrotas
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The article considers the areas of applying multiphase induction motors. Their advantages against three phase motors have become the main reason for employing them in multiphase drives. The paper deals with the six-phase induction motor having two similar three phase windings in the stator shifted by 30 degrees in space and three phase windings in the rotor. Differential equations for this motor are presented and transformed to dq synchronous reference frame. The transformed equations are expressed in a matrix form and solved by MATLAB software using the Dormand-Prince (ode45 method. The transient characteristics of the torque, speed and current of the six-phase induction motor are calculated and discussed.Article in Lithuanian
Numerical inductance calculations based on first principles.
Shatz, Lisa F; Christensen, Craig W
2014-01-01
A method of calculating inductances based on first principles is presented, which has the advantage over the more popular simulators in that fundamental formulas are explicitly used so that a deeper understanding of the inductance calculation is obtained with no need for explicit discretization of the inductor. It also has the advantage over the traditional method of formulas or table lookups in that it can be used for a wider range of configurations. It relies on the use of fast computers with a sophisticated mathematical computing language such as Mathematica to perform the required integration numerically so that the researcher can focus on the physics of the inductance calculation and not on the numerical integration.
Determination of Coil Inductances Cylindrical Iron Nucleus
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Azeddine Mazouz
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The paper describes the investigation and development of a structure and performance characteristics of a coil iron nucleus cylindrical (C.I.N.C. The coil iron nucleus cylindrical is a nonlinear electro radio in which the moving of the nucleus in a sense or in other causes change in inductance and can reach extreme values at the superposition of nucleus and coil centers. The variation of the inductance and the degree of freedom of movement of the nucleus can lead to a device with electromechanical conversion The aim of this paper is the determination and visualization of self inductance and mutual of the (C.I.N.C based on geometric dimensions and the displacement of the nucleus.
Surface Fatigue Resistance with Induction Hardening
Townsend, Dennis; Turza, Alan; Chapman, Mike
1996-01-01
Induction hardening has been used for some years to harden the surface and improve the strength and service life of gears and other components. Many applications that employ induction hardening require a relatively long time to finish the hardening process and controlling the hardness of the surface layer and its depth often was a problem. Other surface hardening methods, ie., carbonizing, take a very long time and tend to cause deformations of the toothing, whose elimination requires supplementary finishing work. In double-frequency induction hardening, one uses a low frequency for the preheating of the toothed wheel and a much higher frequency for the purpose of rapidly heating the surface by way of surface hardening.
Pattern formation during C. elegans vulval induction.
Wang, M; Sternberg, P W
2001-01-01
Studies of C. elegans vulval development provide insights into the process of pattern formation during animal development. The invariant pattern of vulval precursor cell fates is specified by the integration of at least two signaling systems. Recent findings suggest that multiple, partially redundant mechanisms are involved in patterning the vulval precursor cells. The inductive signal activates the LET-60/RAS signaling pathway and induces the 1 degree fate, whereas the lateral signal mediated by LIN-12/Notch is required for specification of the 2 degrees fate. Several regulatory pathways antagonize the RAS signaling pathway and specify the non-vulval 3 degrees fate in the absence of induction. The temporal and spatial regulation of VPC competence and production of the inductive and the lateral signal are precisely coordinated to ensure the wild-type vulval pattern.
Induction linacs for heavy ion fusion research
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fessenden, T.J.
1984-05-01
The new features of employing an induction linac as a driver for inertial fusion involve (1) transport of high-current low-emittance heavy ion beams, (2) multiple independently-focussed beams threading the same accelerator structure, and (3) synthesis of voltage waveforms to accomplish beam current amplification. A research program is underway at LBL to develop accelerators that test all these features with the final goal of producing an ion beam capable of heating matter to approx. 70 eV. This paper presents a discussion of some properties of induction linacs and how they may be used for HIF research. Physics designs of the High Temperature Experiment (HTE) and the Multiple Beam Experiment (MBE) accelerators are presented along with initial concepts of the MBE induction units.
A theory evaluation of an induction programme
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kenrick Hendricks
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Orientation: An induction programme is commonly used to help new employees understand their job within the organisation. Research purpose: The main aim of this study was to examine whether or not the programme theory of an induction programme was plausible and would lead to the intended outcomes as described by the programme manager.Motivation for the study: Induction training is one of the most common training programmes in an organisation. However, there is little research to evaluate whether or not the activities of an induction programme will lead to the intended outcomes of such a programme.Research design, approach and method: This theory evaluation used a descriptive design. One hundred and thirteen employees of a media company completed a ten-item, five-point Likert scale which measured their perceptions of the programme’s outcome, identification with the organisation and intentions to stay with the organisation.Main findings: From this theory evaluation it was apparent that an induction programme based on an implausible programme theory could be problematic. An implausible programme theory affects the design of the programme activities and unsuitable activities may not deliver the desired outcomes.Practical/managerial implications: The intention of the evaluation is to guide human resource managers through a process of replacing an implausible programme theory with one that is plausible, and which ensures better alignment of programme activities and outcomes.Contribution/value-add: The evaluators showed how a plausible programme theory could improve programme design. This redesigned induction programme may lead to benefits, such as staff retention and company identification, rather than the vague assumption that it has been conforming to a legal obligation.
Modelling imperfect adherence to HIV induction therapy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Smith? Robert J
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Induction-maintenance therapy is a treatment regime where patients are prescribed an intense course of treatment for a short period of time (the induction phase, followed by a simplified long-term regimen (maintenance. Since induction therapy has a significantly higher chance of pill fatigue than maintenance therapy, patients might take drug holidays during this period. Without guidance, patients who choose to stop therapy will each be making individual decisions, with no scientific basis. Methods We use mathematical modelling to investigate the effect of imperfect adherence during the inductive phase. We address the following research questions: 1. Can we theoretically determine the maximal length of a possible drug holiday and the minimal number of doses that must subsequently be taken while still avoiding resistance? 2. How many drug holidays can be taken during the induction phase? Results For a 180 day therapeutic program, a patient can take several drug holidays, but then has to follow each drug holiday with a strict, but fairly straightforward, drug-taking regimen. Since the results are dependent upon the drug regimen, we calculated the length and number of drug holidays for all fifteen protease-sparing triple-drug cocktails that have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Conclusions Induction therapy with partial adherence is tolerable, but the outcome depends on the drug cocktail. Our theoretical predictions are in line with recent results from pilot studies of short-cycle treatment interruption strategies and may be useful in guiding the design of future clinical trials.
Stator Fault Modelling of Induction Motors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thomsen, Jesper Sandberg; Kallesøe, Carsten
2006-01-01
measurements from a specially designed induction motor. With this motor it is possible to simulate both terminal disconnections, inter-turn and turn-turn short circuits. The results show good agreement between the measurements and the simulated signals obtained from the model. In the tests focus......In this paper a model of an induction motor affected by stator faults is presented. Two different types of faults are considered, these are; disconnection of a supply phase, and inter-turn and turn-turn short circuits inside the stator. The output of the derived model is compared to real...
Symmetric Structure of Induction Motor Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
1999-01-01
In this paper, symmetric structure of induction motor system in stationary αβ0 coordinates is studied bythe geometric approach. The results show that the system possesses symmetry (G, θ, Ф) and infinitesimal symme-try. Under certain conditions, the system can be transformed into a form possessing state-space symmetry (G, Ф)and infinitesimal state-space symmetry by means of state feedback and input coordinate base transform. The resultscan be extended to the fifth order induction motor system fed by hysteresis-band current-controlled PWM inverter.
About Eddy Currents in Induction Melting Processes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gafiţa Nicolae-Bogdan
2008-05-01
Full Text Available In this paper we present a method forcomputing the eddy currents in induction meltingprocesses for non-ferrous alloys. We take intoconsideration the situation when only the crucible ismoving, inside the coils. This fact makes differentialcomputation methods to be hard to apply, because isnecessary to generate a new mesh and a new systemmatrix for every for every new position of the cruciblerelated to the coils. Integral methods cancel thisdrawback because the mesh is generated only for thedomains with eddy currents. For integral methods, themesh and the inductance matrix remain unchangedduring the movement of the crucible; only the free termsof the equation system will change.
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s......Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...
Backstepping Sliding Mode Control for Induction Motor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Othmane Boughazi
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This work treats the modeling and simulation of non-linear system behavior of an induction motor using backstepping sliding mode control. First, the direct field oriented control IM is derived. Then, a sliding for direct field oriented control is proposed to compensate the uncertainties, which occur in the control.Finally, the study of Backstepping sliding controls strategy of the induction motor drive. Our non linear system is simulated in MATLAB SIMULINK environment, the results obtained illustrate the efficiency of the proposed control with no overshoot, and the rising time is improved with good disturbances rejections comparing with the classical control law.
A Novel Induction Algorithm for DM
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
DM usually means an efficient knowledge discovery from database, and the immune algorithm is a biological theory-based and global searching algorithm. A novel induction algorithm is proposed here which integrates a power of individual immunity and an evolutionary mechanism of population. This algorithm does not take great care of discovering some classifying information, but unknown knowledge or a predication on higher level rules. Theoretical analysis and simulations both show that this algorithm is prone to the stabilization of a population and the improvement of entire capability, and also keeping a high degree of preciseness during the rule induction.
Junctional communication of embryonic cells after induction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZengMibai; JiangWansu
1990-01-01
Cell couplings before and after neural induction in embryos of Cynops orientalis were studied by means of single cell injection of Lucifer Yellow.Differences both in incidence and the extent of cell couplings were demonstrated.Results of cell couplings were correlated with electron microscopic observations of freeze-etching replicas.
Validating Inductive Hypotheses by Mode Inference
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王志坚
1993-01-01
Sme criteria based on mode inference for validating inductive hypotheses are presented in this paper.Mode inference is caried out mechanically,thus such kind of validation can result in low overhead in consistency check and high efficiency in performance.
Development of advanced inductive scenarios for ITER
Luce, T. C.; Challis, C. D.; Ide, S.; Joffrin, E.; Kamada, Y.; Polizer, P. A.; Schweinzer, J.; Sips, A.C.C.; Stober, J.; Giruzzi, G.; Kessel, C. E.; Murakami, M.; Na, Y.-S.; Park, J. M.; Polevoi, A. R.; Budny, R. V.; Citrin, J.; Garcia, J.; Hayashi, N.; Hobirk, J.; Hudson, B. F.; Imbeaux, F.; Isayama, A.; McDonald, D. C.; Nakano, T.; Oyama, N.; Parail, V.V.; Petrie, T. W.; Petty, C. C.; Suzuki, T.; Wade, M. R.
2014-01-01
Since its inception in 2002, the International Tokamak Physics Activity topical group on Integrated Operational Scenarios (IOS) has coordinated experimental and modelling activity on the development of advanced inductive scenarios for applications in the ITER tokamak. The physics basis and the prosp
Inductive ionospheric solver for magnetospheric MHD simulations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Vanhamäki
2011-01-01
Full Text Available We present a new scheme for solving the ionospheric boundary conditions required in magnetospheric MHD simulations. In contrast to the electrostatic ionospheric solvers currently in use, the new solver takes ionospheric induction into account by solving Faraday's law simultaneously with Ohm's law and current continuity. From the viewpoint of an MHD simulation, the new inductive solver is similar to the electrostatic solvers, as the same input data is used (field-aligned current [FAC] and ionospheric conductances and similar output is produced (ionospheric electric field. The inductive solver is tested using realistic, databased models of an omega-band and westward traveling surge. Although the tests were performed with local models and MHD simulations require a global ionospheric solution, we may nevertheless conclude that the new solution scheme is feasible also in practice. In the test cases the difference between static and electrodynamic solutions is up to ~10 V km^{−1} in certain locations, or up to 20-40% of the total electric field. This is in agreement with previous estimates. It should also be noted that if FAC is replaced by the ground magnetic field (or ionospheric equivalent current in the input data set, exactly the same formalism can be used to construct an inductive version of the KRM method originally developed by Kamide et al. (1981.
Socialization of New Teachers: Does Induction Matter?
Nasser-Abu Alhija, Fadia; Fresko, Barbara
2010-01-01
The present paper focuses on new teachers' satisfaction with their first year of teaching from the perspective of socialization. The relationship between satisfaction with socialization and teacher background, school environment, placement, and induction variables was examined. Data were collected from 243 Israeli beginning teachers by means of…
KSHV Induction of Angiogenic and Lymphangiogenic Phenotypes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Terri A. DiMiao
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Kaposi’s Sarcoma is a highly vascularized tumor supporting large amounts of neo-angiogenesis. The major cell type in KS tumors is the spindle cell, a cell that expresses markers of lymphatic endothelium. KSHV, the etiologic agent of KS, is found in the spindle cells of all KS tumors. Considering the extreme extent of angiogenesis in KS tumors at all stages it has been proposed that KSHV directly induces angiogenesis in a paracrine fashion. In accordance with this theory, KSHV infection of endothelial cells in culture induces a number of host pathways involved in activation of angiogenesis and a number of KSHV genes themselves can induce pathways involved in angiogenesis. Because spindle cells are phenotypically endothelial in nature, activation through the induction of angiogenic and/or lymphangiogenic phenotypes by the virus may also be directly involved in spindle cell growth and tumor induction. Accordingly, KSHV infection of endothelial cells induces cell autonomous angiogenic phenotypes to activate host cells. KSHV infection can also reprogram blood endothelial cells to lymphatic endothelium. However, KSHV induces some blood endothelial specific genes upon infection of lymphatic endothelial cells creating a phenotypic intermediate between blood and lymphatic endothelium. Induction of pathways involved in angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis are likely to be critical for tumor cell growth and spread. Thus, induction of both cell autonomous and non-autonomous changes in angiogenic and lymphangiogenic pathways by KSHV likely plays a key role in the formation of KS tumors.
Rethinking Reinforcement: Allocation, Induction, and Contingency
Baum, William M.
2012-01-01
The concept of reinforcement is at least incomplete and almost certainly incorrect. An alternative way of organizing our understanding of behavior may be built around three concepts: "allocation," "induction," and "correlation." Allocation is the measure of behavior and captures the centrality of choice: All behavior entails choice and consists of…
Developing Best Practices of Teacher Induction
Moore, Lori L.; Swan, Benjamin G.
2008-01-01
Problems and challenges faced by beginning teachers have been well documented in the literature and have created the need for teacher induction programs in all disciplines, including agricultural education. This paper used literature from inside and outside the agricultural education discipline to identify and describe best practices in teacher…
Free positioning for inductive wireless power system
Waffenschmidt, E.
2012-01-01
In inductive wireless power transmission system a lateral displacement of the receiver coil to the transmitter coil leads to a change ofthe coupling factor and thus an unwanted variation of the power transfer. Here, an algorithm to determine the turn distribution to achieve homogeneous coupling betw
Inductive Reasoning about Causally Transmitted Properties
Shafto, Patrick; Kemp, Charles; Bonawitz, Elizabeth Baraff; Coley, John D.; Tenenbaum, Joshua B.
2008-01-01
Different intuitive theories constrain and guide inferences in different contexts. Formalizing simple intuitive theories as probabilistic processes operating over structured representations, we present a new computational model of category-based induction about causally transmitted properties. A first experiment demonstrates undergraduates'…
Teaching Inductive Reasoning in Primary Education.
de Koning, Els; Hamers, Jo H. M.; Sijtsma, Klaas; Vermeer, Adri
2002-01-01
Used a three-phase teaching procedure based on the development of metacognition to extend emphasis on inductive reasoning in primary education to Grades 3 and 4. Found that teachers could apply the programs as intended, but needed support to shift attention from reasoning product to reasoning process. Program learning effects indicated that better…
Relations between Inductive Reasoning and Deductive Reasoning
Heit, Evan; Rotello, Caren M.
2010-01-01
One of the most important open questions in reasoning research is how inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning are related. In an effort to address this question, we applied methods and concepts from memory research. We used 2 experiments to examine the effects of logical validity and premise-conclusion similarity on evaluation of arguments.…
High average-power induction linacs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Prono, D.S.; Barrett, D.; Bowles, E.; Caporaso, G.J.; Chen, Yu-Jiuan; Clark, J.C.; Coffield, F.; Newton, M.A.; Nexsen, W.; Ravenscroft, D.
1989-03-15
Induction linear accelerators (LIAs) are inherently capable of accelerating several thousand amperes of /approximately/ 50-ns duration pulses to > 100 MeV. In this paper we report progress and status in the areas of duty factor and stray power management. These technologies are vital if LIAs are to attain high average power operation. 13 figs.
Linear Parameter Varying Control of Induction Motors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Trangbæk, Klaus
for high performance applications. This thesis demonstrates how LPV control theory provides a systematic way to achieve good performance for these problems. The main contributions of this thesis are the application of the LPV control theory to induction motor control as well as various contributions...... to the field of LPV control theory itself...
Thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation.
Teske, C; Jacoby, J; Schweizer, W; Wiechula, J
2009-03-01
A thyristor stack for pulsed inductive plasma generation has been developed and tested. The stack design includes a free wheeling diode assembly for current reversal. Triggering of the device is achieved by a high side biased, self supplied gate driver unit using gating energy derived from a local snubber network. The structure guarantees a hard firing gate pulse for the required high dI/dt application. A single fiber optic command is needed to achieve a simultaneous turn on of the thyristors. The stack assembly is used for switching a series resonant circuit with a ringing frequency of 30 kHz. In the prototype pulsed power system described here an inductive discharge has been generated with a pulse duration of 120 micros and a pulse energy of 50 J. A maximum power transfer efficiency of 84% and a peak power of 480 kW inside the discharge were achieved. System tests were performed with a purely inductive load and an inductively generated plasma acting as a load through transformer action at a voltage level of 4.1 kV, a peak current of 5 kA, and a current switching rate of 1 kA/micros.
Remote effects in real induction arrows
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Ádám
2002-06-01
Full Text Available In August 2001, Annali di Geofisica, 44 (4, pp. 659-669, published the paper: «Anomalous directional behaviour of the real parts of the induction arrows in the Eastern Alps: tectonic and palaeogeographic implications» written by Marcus Gurk and Pierre-André Schnegg. Concerning this paper we have two brief comments.
Four quadrant control of induction motors
Hansen, Irving G.
1991-03-01
Induction motors are the nation's workhorse, being the motor of choice in most applications due to their simple rugged construction. It has been estimated that 14 to 27 percent of the country's total electricity use could be saved with adjustable speed drives. Until now, induction motors have not been suited well for variable speed or servo-drives, due to the inherent complexity, size, and inefficiency of their variable speed controls. Work at NASA Lewis Research Center on field oriented control of induction motors using pulse population modulation method holds the promise for the desired drive electronics. The system allows for a variable voltage to frequency ratio which enables the user to operate the motor at maximum efficiency, while having independent control of both the speed and torque of an induction motor in all four quadrants of the speed torque map. Multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of machine. The pulse population technique, results to date, and projections for implementation of this existing new motor control technology are discussed.
Single phase induction motor with starting performance
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Popescu, M.; Demeter, E. [Research Institute for Electrical Machines, ICPE-ME, Bucharest (Romania); Navrapescu, V. [University `Politehnica` Bucharest, Electrical Engineering Faculty Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest (Romania)
1997-12-31
The paper presents problems related to a special type of single phase induction motor. The main novelty consists in the use of a conducting (aluminium casted) shell distributed on the periferic region of the rotor. As a result the starting performance, as well as the rated ones, is much improved in comparison with the conventional construction. (orig.) 4 refs.
Inductors and Inductance-Resistance Networks.
Kirwin, Gerald J.
This programed booklet presents ideas related to inductors and inductance--resistance networks. It is designed for the engineering student who is familiar with differential equations and electrical networks. A variety of cases are considered with the idea of developing in the student a broad acquaintance with the inductor response. The booklet is…
Inductions and coinductions for Hopf extensions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Freddy Van Oystaeyen; 许永华; 张印火
1996-01-01
The induction and coinduction functors for the two types of Hopf extensions (Hopf Galois extensions and dual to Hopf Galois extension) and the symmetry between them are studied; by using the theory of separable functors further links between these two classes are provided.
A Successful Induction into the Teaching Profession
Cochran, Lori; Reese, Susan
2007-01-01
For the new career and technical education (CTE) teacher, a teacher induction program and peer mentoring can make the first year a much more positive experience. In this article, the authors describe the Missouri Center for Career Education's (MCCE) teacher support systems intended to help new teachers succeed. These include the New Teacher…
New Teacher Induction: A Program Evaluation
Hunter, J. Warren
2016-01-01
The purpose of this qualitative program evaluation was to examine the impact a two-year new teacher induction program had on teachers' feelings of support, satisfaction, and self-efficacy. The program purports that higher feelings of support, satisfaction, and self-efficacy in teachers will lead to lower teacher attrition. In turn, research shows…
Demonstration Model of Self Inductance Using Relay
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-05-01
Using an electrical component like a relay, the phenomenonof self inductance caneasily be demonstrated to undergraduatestudents. By wiring simple electrical components like relay,neon bulb and a DC power supply, intermittent backelectromotive force (emf) can be generated in the range from60 to 100 volt. The glowing of neon bulb provides visualevidence for the generation of large back emf due to selfinductance.
Mathematical Induction, Difference Equations and Divisibility
McAndrew, Alasdair
2009-01-01
Many exercises in mathematical induction require the student to prove a divisibility property of a function of the integers. Such problems are generally presented as being independent of each other. However, many of these problems can be presented in terms of difference equations, and the theory of difference equations can be used to provide a…
Playing with Dominoes: Proof by Induction
Kaplan, Gail
2009-01-01
This article describes a hands-on approach to learning proofs by induction. Students create patterns of dominos so that when the first domino is pushed, the entire design collapses, one domino at a time. Students then build designs that do not work. By constructing a list of conditions that ensure a given pattern will collapse, students discover…
Students' Difficulties with Proof by Mathematical Induction.
Baker, John Douglas
The cognitive difficulties encountered by 40 high school and 13 college students beginning to learn the proof technique of mathematical induction were investigated. Students provided data in the form of proof-writing and proof-analysis tasks followed by interviews to clarify their written responses. Both groups of students had significant…
Toward a unified chromatic induction model.
Otazu, Xavier; Parraga, C Alejandro; Vanrell, Maria
2010-10-01
In a previous work (X. Otazu, M. Vanrell, & C. A. Párraga, 2008b), we showed how several brightness induction effects can be predicted using a simple multiresolution wavelet model (BIWaM). Here we present a new model for chromatic induction processes (termed Chromatic Induction Wavelet Model or CIWaM), which is also implemented on a multiresolution framework and based on similar assumptions related to the spatial frequency and the contrast surround energy of the stimulus. The CIWaM can be interpreted as a very simple extension of the BIWaM to the chromatic channels, which in our case are defined in the MacLeod-Boynton (lsY) color space. This new model allows us to unify both chromatic assimilation and chromatic contrast effects in a single mathematical formulation. The predictions of the CIWaM were tested by means of several color and brightness induction experiments, which showed an acceptable agreement between model predictions and psychophysical data.
IT induction and information security awareness
Maddock, Valerie
2010-01-01
This pocket guide offers practical advice on how to develop an IT Induction programme for staff that can help safeguard business information. By providing employees with simple instruction in good IT working practices, and by making sure they know what is expected of them, a company can strengthen their information security and reduce the risk that data will be stolen or lost.
A model of annular linear induction pumps
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Momozaki, Yoichi [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
2016-10-27
The present work explains how the magnetic field and the induced current are obtained when the distributed coils are powered by a 3 phase power supply. From the magnetic field and the induced current, the thrust and the induction losses in the pump can be calculated to estimate the pump performance.
Ovulation induction in normogonadotropic anovulation (PCOS)
van Santbrink, Evert J. P.; Fauser, Bart C. J. M.
2006-01-01
Treatment of normogonadotropic anovulatory infertility (World Health Organization class 2, or WHO2) is by induction of ovulation using clomiphene citrate (CC), followed by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in cases of treatment failure. Not all patients will become ovulatory or will conceive with t
Progress in antenna coupled kinetic inductance detectors
Baryshev, A.; Baselmans, J.J.A.; Freni, A.; Gerini, G.; Hoevers, H.; Iacono, A.; Neto, A.
2011-01-01
This paper describes the combined Dutch efforts toward the development of large wideband focal plane array receivers based on kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs). Taking into account strict electromagnetic and detector sensitivity requirements for future ground and space based observatories, this wo
Induction accelerator development for heavy ion fusion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Reginato, L.L.
1993-05-01
For approximately a decade, the Heavy Ion Fusion Accelerator Research (HIFAR) group at LBL has been exploring the use of induction accelerators with multiple beams as the driver for inertial fusion targets. Scaled experiments have investigated the transport of space charge dominated beams (SBTE), and the current amplification and transverse emittance control in induction linacs (MBE-4) with very encouraging results. In order to study many of the beam manipulations required by a driver and to further develop economically competitive technology, a proposal has been made in partnership with LLNL to build a 10 MeV accelerator and to conduct a series of experiments collectively called the Induction Linac System Experiments (ILSE). The major components critical to the ILSE accelerator are currently under development. We have constructed a full scale induction module and we have tested a number of amorphous magnetic materials developed by Allied Signal to establish an overall optimal design. The electric and magnetic quadrupoles critical to the transport and focusing of heavy ion beams are also under development The hardware is intended to be economically competitive for a driver without sacrificing any of the physics or performance requirements. This paper will concentrate on the recent developments and tests of the major components required by the ILSE accelerator.
Induction accelerator development for heavy ion fusion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Reginato, L.L.
1993-05-01
For approximately a decade, the Heavy Ion Fusion Accelerator Research (HIFAR) group at LBL has been exploring the use of induction accelerators with multiple beams as the driver for inertial fusion targets. Scaled experiments have investigated the transport of space charge dominated beams (SBTE), and the current amplification and transverse emittance control in induction linacs (MBE-4) with very encouraging results. In order to study many of the beam manipulations required by a driver and to further develop economically competitive technology, a proposal has been made in partnership with LLNL to build a 10 MeV accelerator and to conduct a series of experiments collectively called the Induction Linac System Experiments (ILSE).The major components critical to the ILSE accelerator are currently under development. We have constructed a full scale induction module and we have tested a number of amorphous magnetic materials developed by Allied Signal to establish an overall optimal design. The electric and magnetic quadrupoles critical to the transport and focusing of heavy ion beams are also under development. The hardware is intended to be economically competitive for a driver without sacrificing any of the physics or performance requirements. This paper will concentrate on the recent developments and tests of the major components required by the ILSE accelerator.
The Fourth Domain of Educational Objectives: Induction.
Holleman, Wes
1985-01-01
Tests the claim to comprehensiveness of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives by analyzing educational objectives of some freshmen orientation programs and those connected with human developmental tasks. It is concluded that the taxonomy should be enlarged with a fourth domain: actual induction into tasks for which students are being…
Sliding Mode Control of Induction Motor Phase Currents
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, R.B.; Hattel, T.; Bork, J;
1995-01-01
Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts.......Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts....
Self-Tuning Speed Regulator for CVC Induction Motor Drive
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bidstrup, N.; Rasmussen, Henrik; Knudsen, Torben
1994-01-01
A self-tuning speed regulator for a current vector controlled induction motor drive has been designed.......A self-tuning speed regulator for a current vector controlled induction motor drive has been designed....
Reasons Why Students Have Difficulties with Mathematical Induction
Andrew, Lane
2007-01-01
Many difficulties surrounding mathematical induction have been described by researchers. In this paper, I describe several underlying causes for these difficulties. In particular, the symbolic nature of induction is discussed, along with student cognitive levels, validation abilities, and proof schemes.
High Quality Factor Resonators for Inductive Power Transfer Systems
Etemadrezaei, Mohammad
In this dissertation, the Inductive Power Transfer (IPT) systems for multi-MHz frequency of operation are investigated, and new ideas for magnetic link inductive coils are presented. (Abstract shortened by ProQuest.).
Interleukin-2 receptor antagonists as induction therapy after heart transplantation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Møller, Christian H; Gustafsson, Finn; Gluud, Christian;
2008-01-01
About half of the transplantation centers use induction therapy after heart transplantation. Interleukin-2 receptor antagonists (IL-2Ras) are used increasingly for induction therapy. We conducted a systematic review of randomized trials assessing IL-2Ras.......About half of the transplantation centers use induction therapy after heart transplantation. Interleukin-2 receptor antagonists (IL-2Ras) are used increasingly for induction therapy. We conducted a systematic review of randomized trials assessing IL-2Ras....
Resonant Inductive Power Transfer for Noncontact Launcher-Missile Interface
2016-08-01
TECHNICAL REPORT RDMR-WD-16-37 RESONANT INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSFER FOR NONCONTACT LAUNCHER-MISSILE INTERFACE Martin S...AGENCY USE ONLY 2. REPORT DATE August 2016 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Final 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Resonant Inductive Power Transfer...implementation of a wireless power transfer system based on the concept of non-radiating inductive coupling. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Resonant Inductive Coupling
Cognitive Trait Modelling: The Case of Inductive Reasoning Ability
Kinshuk, Taiyu Lin; McNab, Paul
2006-01-01
Researchers have regarded inductive reasoning as one of the seven primary mental abilities that account for human intelligent behaviours. Researchers have also shown that inductive reasoning ability is one of the best predictors for academic performance. Modelling of inductive reasoning is therefore an important issue for providing adaptivity in…
Calculation of Leakage Inductance for High Frequency Transformers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ouyang, Ziwei; Jun, Zhang; Hurley, William Gerard
2015-01-01
Frequency dependent leakage inductance is often observed. High frequency eddy current effects cause a reduction in leakage inductance. The proximity effect between adjacent layers is responsible for the reduction of leakage inductance. This paper gives a detailed analysis of high frequency leakage...
Mutation induction by ion beams in plants
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tanaka, Atsushi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan). Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment
2001-03-01
The effect of ion beams such as C, He, and Ne ions was investigated on the mutation induction in plants with the expectation that ion beams of high linear energy transfer (LET) can frequently produce large DNA alternation such as inversion, translocation and large deletion rather than point mutation. Mutation frequency was investigated using Arabidopsis visible phenotype loci and was 8 to 33 fold higher for 220 MeV carbon ions than for electrons. Mutation spectrum was investigated on the flower color of chrysanthemum cv to find that flower mutants induced by ion beams show complex and stripe types rather than single color. Polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to investigate DNA alteration of mutations. In conclusion, the characteristics of ion beams for the mutation induction are 1) high frequency, 2) broad mutation spectrum, and 3) novel mutants. (S. Ohno)
The differential induction machine: Theory and performance
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Sumita Sinha; Nirmal K Deb; Nikhil Mondal; Sujit K Biswas
2008-10-01
This paper presents the theory and performance of a differential induction machine, which is a special type of induction machine having two shafts projected from the two ends of a single stator. Application of a differential load on the two shafts cause them to run at different speed as a motor, which permits true differential movement and thus can meet the requirements of a differential drive in an electric vehicle. The machine is also capable of regeneration in the differential mode. This paper presents the construction of the above machine and performance of the same based on experimental results from a laboratory prototype. The equivalent circuit of the motor has been presented and veriﬁed experimentally.
Meta-learning in decision tree induction
Grąbczewski, Krzysztof
2014-01-01
The book focuses on different variants of decision tree induction but also describes the meta-learning approach in general which is applicable to other types of machine learning algorithms. The book discusses different variants of decision tree induction and represents a useful source of information to readers wishing to review some of the techniques used in decision tree learning, as well as different ensemble methods that involve decision trees. It is shown that the knowledge of different components used within decision tree learning needs to be systematized to enable the system to generate and evaluate different variants of machine learning algorithms with the aim of identifying the top-most performers or potentially the best one. A unified view of decision tree learning enables to emulate different decision tree algorithms simply by setting certain parameters. As meta-learning requires running many different processes with the aim of obtaining performance results, a detailed description of the experimen...
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s......Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...... with a simple flux observer is used in the design. Assuming known motor parameters the design achieves stability with guaranteed region of attraction. It is also shown how a conventional field oriented controller may be obtained by omitting parts of the nonlinear controller....
Scalable conditional induction variables (CIV) analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Oancea, Cosmin Eugen; Rauchwerger, Lawrence
2015-01-01
the complexity of such induction variables is often due to their conditional evaluation across the iteration space of loops we name them Conditional Induction Variables (CIV). This paper presents a flow-sensitive technique that summarizes both such CIV-based and affine subscripts to program level, using the same...... representation. Our technique requires no modifications of our dependence tests, which is agnostic to the original shape of the subscripts, and is more powerful than previously reported dependence tests that rely on the pairwise disambiguation of read-write references. We have implemented the CIV analysis in our...... parallelizing compiler and evaluated its impact on five Fortran benchmarks. We have found that that there are many important loops using CIV subscripts and that our analysis can lead to their scalable parallelization. This in turn has led to the parallelization of the benchmark programs they appear in....
A general law for electromagnetic induction
Giuliani, Giuseppe
2015-01-01
The definition of the induced $emf$ as the integral over a closed loop of the Lorentz force acting on a unit positive charge leads immediately to a general law for electromagnetic induction phenomena. The general law is applied to three significant cases: moving bar, Faraday's and Corbino's disc. This last application illustrates the contribution of the drift velocity of the charges to the induced $emf$: the magneto-resistance effect is obtained without using microscopic models of electrical conduction. Maxwell wrote down `general equations of electromotive intensity' that, integrated over a closed loop, yield the general law for electromagnetic induction, if the velocity appearing in them is correctly interpreted. The flux of the magnetic field through an arbitrary surface that have the circuit as contour {\\em is not the cause} of the induced $emf$. The flux rule must be considered as a calculation shortcut for predicting the value of the induced $emf$ when the circuit is filiform. Finally, the general law o...
Ovulation induction in polycystic ovary syndrome
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ali İrfan Güzel
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is the most common reason of anovulatory infertility in reproductive age women. To make ovulation in these patients, from simple approach like life style changes to complicated therapies like assisted reproductive techniques are used. In this review, we aimed to emphasize different ovulation induction techniques that can be used in cases with PCOS. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (4: 626-631
Alternating Turing machines for inductive languages
Leivant, Daniel M
2013-01-01
We show that alternating Turing machines, with a novel and natural definition of acceptance, accept precisely the inductive (Pi-1-1) languages. Total alternating machines, that either accept or reject each input, accept precisely the hyper-elementary (Delta-1-1) languages. Moreover, bounding the permissible number of alternations yields a characterization of the levels of the arithmetical hierarchy. Notably, these results use simple finite computing devices, with finitary and discrete operati...
Inductive limits and geometry of Banach spaces
Taskinen, Jari
1999-01-01
One of the main problems in the theory of inductive limits of Banach spaces is the projective description problem, finding a reasonable representation for the continuous seminorms. The problem is nontrivial even in the simplest cases. Recall that given, for example, an increasing sequence of Banach spaces (Yk)[infty infinity]k=1 with continuous embeddings Yk[hookrightarrow A: rt arrow-hooked]Yk+1 the inductive limit is the space Y=[cup B: union or logical sum]kYk endowed with the finest locally convex topology [tau] such that every embedding Yk[hookrightarrow A: rt arrow-hooked](Y, [tau]) becomes continuous. It is possible to give abstract definitions for families of continuous seminorms generating the topology [tau], but the connection with the norms of the step spaces Yk is not necessarily very close. For example, if the spaces Yk are Banach spaces of continuous functions endowed with weighted sup-norms, it is not clear if the continuous seminorms of the inductive limit are of the same type.We mention that inductive limits of spaces of continuous and holomorphic functions occur in many areas of analysis like linear partial differential operators, convolution equations [BD1], [E], complex and Fourier analysis and distribution theory. The projective description problem in these spaces has been thoroughly studied in [BMS1, BB1, BB2, BB3, BT, BM1, BM2], to mention some examples. We refer to the survey articles [BM1,BMS2, BB3]. The present work is also connected with the factorization problems which are treated in the book [Ju].
Harmonic analysis of Doubly Fed Induction Generators
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lindholm, Morten; Rasmussen, Tonny Wederberg
2003-01-01
This paper gives an overview of the frequency spectrum of the stator and rotor currents in a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) used in wind power applications. The paper also presents a method to eliminate higher harmonics and interharmonics in the DFIG stator current. The method is implemented...... on a 40 kW laboratory model connected to the utility-grid, where the DFIG is supplied by a back-to-back 3-level NPC-converter....
Emittance Growth in Linear Induction Accelerators
Ekdahl, Carl
2017-01-01
The Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrotest (DARHT) facility uses bremsstrahlung radiation source spots produced by the focused electron beams from two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) to radiograph large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives. Radiographic resolution is determined by the size of the source spot, and beam emittance is the ultimate limitation to spot size. Some of the possible causes for the emittance growth in the DARHT LIA have been investigated using particle-in-ce...
NDT of railway components using induction thermography
Netzelmann, U.; Walle, G.; Ehlen, A.; Lugin, S.; Finckbohner, M.; Bessert, S.
2016-02-01
Induction or eddy current thermography is used to detect surface cracks in ferritic steel. The technique is applied to detect surface cracks in rails from a moving test car. Cracks were detected at a train speed between 2 and 15 km/h. An automated demonstrator system for testing railway wheels after production is described. While the wheel is rotated, a robot guides the detection unit consisting of inductor and infrared camera over the surface.
Low-Inductance Capacitor For Low Temperatures
Rhodes, David B.; Jones, Stephen B.; Franke, John M.
1989-01-01
Planar capacitor made on epoxy/fiberglass printed-circuit board. Planar design and flat copper plates ensure low inductance and low series resistance. Planar construction minimized effects of thermal contraction, and epoxy/fiberglass substrate ensured high breakdown voltage. Design is simple, and this type of capacitor easy for any printed-circuit-board facility to fabricate. Design suitable for any small-capacitance, high-voltage capacitor, whether operating at low or high temperature.
Inductance, electrically adjusted by semiconductor structure
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Semenov А. А.
2012-08-01
Full Text Available A theoretical model of a passive flat inductor with electronic control is offered. Design charts of tank inductance and Q factor dependence on the forward bias voltage of n—i—p—i—n-structure, used as a specific core, the characteristics of which are regulated under the influence of an applied electric field, are presented. The comparison of design values with experimental features has shown their good correspondence with each other.
Inductively coupled radio frequency methane plasma simulation
Bera, K.; Farouk, B.; Vitello, P.
2001-05-01
A self-consistent two-dimensional radio frequency inductively coupled glow discharge model has been developed in cylindrical coordinates using a fluid model. The objective of the study is to provide insight into charged species dynamics and investigate their effects on plasma process for a methane discharge. The model includes continuity and energy equations for electrons and continuity, momentum and energy equations for positive and negative ions. An electromagnetic model that considers the electric field due to the space charge within the plasma and due to inductive power coupling is also incorporated. For an inductively coupled methane discharge we expect to find higher fluxes of ions and radicals to the cathode, and hence a higher deposition/etch rate for a high-density plasma. The independent control of ion energy to the cathode in an inductively coupled discharge will facilitate control on film deposition/etch rate and uniformity on the wafer. Swarm data as a function of the electron energy are provided as input to the model. The model predicts the electron density, ion density and their fluxes and energies to the cathode. The radical and neutral densities in the discharge are calculated using a gas phase chemistry model. The diamond-like-carbon thin-film deposition/etch rate is predicted using a surface chemistry model. The gas phase chemistry model considers the diffusion of radicals and neutrals along with creation and loss terms. The surface deposition/etching process involves adsorption-desorption, adsorption layer reaction, ion stitching, direct ion incorporation and carbon sputtering.
Inductive modelling of an entrepreneurial system
Yearworth, M
2010-01-01
We describe the development of a novel approach to generating theory about the behaviour of an entrepreneurial or start-up system. The new technology business creation system in and around the cities of Bath and Bristol in the UK was analysed using an inductive modelling approach that hybridises grounded theory with system dynamics, a technique we have called grounded systems modelling. Three models that represent the stages of development of an idea through to successful exploitation have be...
Antibody induction therapy for lung transplant recipients
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Penninga, Luit; Møller, Christian H; Penninga, Ida Elisabeth Irene
2013-01-01
Lung transplantation has become a valuable and well-accepted treatment option for most end-stage lung diseases. Lung transplant recipients are at risk of transplanted organ rejection, and life-long immunosuppression is necessary. Clear evidence is essential to identify an optimal, safe...... and effective immunosuppressive treatment strategy for lung transplant recipients. Consensus has not yet been achieved concerning use of immunosuppressive antibodies against T-cells for induction following lung transplantation....
Crack depth determination with inductive thermography
Oswald-Tranta, B.; Schmidt, R.
2015-05-01
Castings, forgings and other steel products are nowadays usually tested with magnetic particle inspection, in order to detect surface cracks. An alternative method is active thermography with inductive heating, which is quicker, it can be well automated and as in this paper presented, even the depth of a crack can be estimated. The induced eddy current, due to its very small penetration depth in ferro-magnetic materials, flows around a surface crack, heating this selectively. The surface temperature is recorded during and after the short inductive heating pulse with an infrared camera. Using Fourier transformation the whole IR image sequence is evaluated and the phase image is processed to detect surface cracks. The level and the local distribution of the phase around a crack correspond to its depth. Analytical calculations were used to model the signal distribution around cracks with different depth and a relationship has been derived between the depth of a crack and its phase value. Additionally, also the influence of the heating pulse duration has been investigated. Samples with artificial and with natural cracks have been tested. Results are presented comparing the calculated and measured phase values depending on the crack depth. Keywords: inductive heating, eddy current, infrared
Induction heat treatment of laser welds
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bagger, Claus; Olsen, Flemming Ove; Sørensen, Joakim Ilsing
2003-01-01
750º to 450º C. Initially, a simple analytical model was used to calculate the ideal energy contributions from a CO2 high power laser source together with an induction heat source such that the temperature can be kept at 600º C for 2.5 seconds. This knowledge was then used for the design......In this paper, a new approach based on induction heat-treatment of flat laser welded sheets is presented. With this new concept, the ductility of high strength steels GA260 with a thickness of 1.8 mm and CMn with a thickness of 2.13 mm is believed to be improved by prolonging the cooling time from...... of an induction coil. A number of systematic laboratory tests were then performed in order to study the effects of the coil on bead-on-plate laser welded samples. In these tests, important parameters such as coil current and distance between coil and sample were varied. Temperature measurements were made...
Magnetic induction measurements in distribution transformer cores
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paraskevopoulos, A.A.P.; Bourkas, P.D. [National Technical Univ. of Athens, Athens (Greece). Computer Engineering, High Voltage, and Electrical Measurements Laboratory; Paparigas, D. [Schneider ELVIM Electric Transformer Factory, Athens (Greece)
2005-07-01
Transformers need high magnetic field rates in order to operate efficiently. In this study, magnetic induction measurements of distribution transformer cores with power levels of 630 kVA were used to assess the performance of transformers in a city in Greece. A 630 kVA transformer was used to investigate whether magnetic induction measurements of the iron core arcs of the transformer were similar to the rest of the transformer's magnetic rate. Potential load losses were also investigated. Eight cores of 4 different sizes were measured in the study. Voltage transmissions were varied in order to measure the different cores. The voltage transmitted into the coil was calculated in order to compare the transformer's magnetic field with the cores. Average values for the measured cores were then calculated. Leakages were measured using a Gauss meter. Results of the study indicated that the measured values were lower than established safety limits for transformers. It was concluded that the magnetic induction measurements of transformer cores can be used to measure the overall performance of transformers. 18 refs., 8 tabs., 5 figs.
Field oriented control of induction motors
Burrows, Linda M.; Zinger, Don S.; Roth, Mary Ellen
1990-01-01
Induction motors have always been known for their simple rugged construction, but until lately were not suitable for variable speed or servo drives due to the inherent complexity of the controls. With the advent of field oriented control (FOC), however, the induction motor has become an attractive option for these types of drive systems. An FOC system which utilizes the pulse population modulation method to synthesize the motor drive frequencies is examined. This system allows for a variable voltage to frequency ratio and enables the user to have independent control of both the speed and torque of an induction motor. A second generation of the control boards were developed and tested with the next point of focus being the minimization of the size and complexity of these controls. Many options were considered with the best approach being the use of a digital signal processor (DSP) due to its inherent ability to quickly evaluate control algorithms. The present test results of the system and the status of the optimization process using a DSP are discussed.
Starting Time Calculation for Induction Motor.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abhishek Garg
2015-05-01
Full Text Available This Paper Presents The Starting Time Calculation For A Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. The Importance Of Starting Time Lies In Determining The Duration Of Large Current, Which Flows During The Starting Of An Induction Motor. Normally, The Starting Current Of An Induction Motor Is Six To Eight Time Of Full Load Current. Plenty Of Methods Have Been Discovered To Start Motor In A Quick Time, But Due To Un-Economic Nature, Use Are Limited. Hence, For Large Motors Direct Online Starting Is Most Popular Amongst All Due To Its Economic And Feasible Nature. But Large Current With Dol Starting Results In A Heavy Potential Drop In The Power System. Thus, Special Care And Attention Is Required In Order To Design A Healthy System. A Very Simple Method To Calculate The Starting Time Of Motor Is Proposed In This Paper. Respective Simulation Study Has Been Carried Out Using Matlab 7.8.0 Environment, Which Demonstrates The Effectiveness Of The Starting Time Calculation.
Scalable conditional induction variables (CIV) analysis
Oancea, Cosmin E.
2015-02-01
Subscripts using induction variables that cannot be expressed as a formula in terms of the enclosing-loop indices appear in the low-level implementation of common programming abstractions such as Alter, or stack operations and pose significant challenges to automatic parallelization. Because the complexity of such induction variables is often due to their conditional evaluation across the iteration space of loops we name them Conditional Induction Variables (CIV). This paper presents a flow-sensitive technique that summarizes both such CIV-based and affine subscripts to program level, using the same representation. Our technique requires no modifications of our dependence tests, which is agnostic to the original shape of the subscripts, and is more powerful than previously reported dependence tests that rely on the pairwise disambiguation of read-write references. We have implemented the CIV analysis in our parallelizing compiler and evaluated its impact on five Fortran benchmarks. We have found that that there are many important loops using CIV subscripts and that our analysis can lead to their scalable parallelization. This in turn has led to the parallelization of the benchmark programs they appear in.
Wireless Power Transmission Using Resonance Inductive Coupling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Prof. Vishal V. Pande,
2014-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we present the concept of transmitting power without using wires i.e.transmitting power as Magnetic waves from one place to another is in order to reduce the transmission and distribution losses. This concept is known as Resonance Inductive Coupling (RIC. We also discussed the technological developments in Wireless Power Transmission (WPT. The advantages, disadvantages, biological impacts and applications of WPT are also presented. Wireless power or wireless energy transmission is the transmission of electrical energy from a power source to an electrical load without man-made conductors. Wireless transmission is useful in cases where interconnecting wires are inconvenient, hazardous, or impossible. the proportion of energy received becomes critical only if it is too low for the signal to be distinguished from the background noise. With wireless power, efficiency is the more significant parameter. A large part of the energy sent out by the generating plant must arrive at the receiver or receivers to make the system economical.The most common form of wireless power transmission is carried out using direct induction followed by resonant magnetic induction. Other methods under consideration are electromagnetic radiation in the form of microwaves or lasers and electrical conduction through natural media
Implant positioning system using mutual inductance.
Zou, You; O'Driscoll, Stephen
2012-01-01
Surgical placement of implantable medical devices (IMDs) has limited precision and post-implantation the device can move over time. Accurate knowledge of the position of IMDs allows better interpretation of data gathered by the devices and may allow wireless power to be focused on the IMD thereby increasing power transfer efficiency. Existing positioning methods require device sizes and/or power consumptions which exceed the limits of in-vivo mm-sized IMDs applications. This paper describes a novel implant positioning system which replaces the external transmitting (TX) coil of a wireless power transfer link by an array of smaller coils, measures the mutual inductance between each coil in the TX array and the implanted receiving (RX) coil, and uses the spatial variation in those mutual inductances to estimate the location of the implanted device. This method does not increase the hardware or power consumption in the IMD. Mathematical analysis and electromagnetic simulations are presented which explain the theory underlying this scheme and show its feasibility. A particle swarm based algorithm is used to estimate the position of the RX coil from the measured mutual inductance values. MATLAB simulations show the positioning estimation accuracy on the order of 1 mm.
Using Induction to Refine Information Retrieval Strategies
Baudin, Catherine; Pell, Barney; Kedar, Smadar
1994-01-01
Conceptual information retrieval systems use structured document indices, domain knowledge and a set of heuristic retrieval strategies to match user queries with a set of indices describing the document's content. Such retrieval strategies increase the set of relevant documents retrieved (increase recall), but at the expense of returning additional irrelevant documents (decrease precision). Usually in conceptual information retrieval systems this tradeoff is managed by hand and with difficulty. This paper discusses ways of managing this tradeoff by the application of standard induction algorithms to refine the retrieval strategies in an engineering design domain. We gathered examples of query/retrieval pairs during the system's operation using feedback from a user on the retrieved information. We then fed these examples to the induction algorithm and generated decision trees that refine the existing set of retrieval strategies. We found that (1) induction improved the precision on a set of queries generated by another user, without a significant loss in recall, and (2) in an interactive mode, the decision trees pointed out flaws in the retrieval and indexing knowledge and suggested ways to refine the retrieval strategies.
Modelling of geomagnetic induction in pipelines
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L. Trichtchenko
Full Text Available Geomagnetic field variations induce telluric currents in pipelines, which modify the electrochemical conditions at the pipe/soil interface, possibly contributing to corrosion of the pipeline steel. Modelling of geomagnetic induction in pipelines can be accomplished by combining several techniques. Starting with geomagnetic field data, the geoelectric fields in the absence of the pipeline were calculated using the surface impedance derived from a layered-Earth conductivity model. The influence of the pipeline on the electric fields was then examined using an infinitely long cylinder (ILC model. Pipe-to-soil potentials produced by the electric field induced in the pipeline were calculated using a distributed source transmission line (DSTL model. The geomagnetic induction process is frequency dependent; therefore, the calculations are best performed in the frequency domain, using a Fourier transform to go from the original time domain magnetic data, and an inverse Fourier transform at the end of the process, to obtain the pipe-to-soil potential variation in the time domain. Examples of the model calculations are presented and compared to observations made on a long pipeline in the auroral zone.
Key words. Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism (geo-magnetic induction
EVALUATION OF INDUCTANCE WITH ELECTRICAL WIRES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V. Kudry
2016-08-01
Full Text Available In this paper proved the possibility of developing passive electronic inductive elements based replace metal wire that is wound inductor, the wire is made of electret. The relative permeability of the electret S 10 000, several orders of magnitude greater than the permeability of conventional insulation materials, i < 10, resulting current in the wire acquires properties bias current. The essence of innovation is to replace the source of of magnetic induction flow that pervades the core of the coil. According to the theory of electrodynamics, current bias, in contrast to conduction current, generated no movement of charge along the wire, but the change of the charge in the local volume.Equivalence bias current and conduction current is manifested in the possibility of forming a magnetic field. The flow through magnetic induction coil core regardless of the current it generates, creates voltage at its ends.The paper also shows the numeric characteristics that determine the effective frequency range, specified the reason why electric a wire with і < 10 can not generate magnetic flux through the core and serve as a passive reactive component.
Misron, Norhisam; Ying, Loo Qian; Firdaus, Raja Nor; Abdullah, Norrimah; Mailah, Nashiren Farzilah; Wakiwaka, Hiroyuki
2011-01-01
This paper discusses the effect of inductive coil shape on the sensing performance of a linear displacement sensor. The linear displacement sensor consists of a thin type inductive coil with a thin pattern guide, thus being suitable for tiny space applications. The position can be detected by measuring the inductance of the inductive coil. At each position due to the change in inductive coil area facing the pattern guide the value of inductance is different. Therefore, the objective of this research is to study various inductive coil pattern shapes and to propose the pattern that can achieve good sensing performance. Various shapes of meander, triangular type meander, square and circle shape with different turn number of inductive coils are examined in this study. The inductance is measured with the sensor sensitivity and linearity as a performance evaluation parameter of the sensor. In conclusion, each inductive coil shape has its own advantages and disadvantages. For instance, the circle shape inductive coil produces high sensitivity with a low linearity response. Meanwhile, the square shape inductive coil has a medium sensitivity with higher linearity.
CFOA-Based Lossless and Lossy Inductance Simulators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F. Kaçar
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Inductance simulator is a useful component in the circuit synthesis theory especially for analog signal processing applications such as filter, chaotic oscillator design, analog phase shifters and cancellation of parasitic element. In this study, new four inductance simulator topologies employing a single current feedback operational amplifier are presented. The presented topologies require few passive components. The first topology is intended for negative inductance simulation, the second topology is for lossy series inductance, the third one is for lossy parallel inductance and the fourth topology is for negative parallel (-R (-L (-C simulation. The performance of the proposed CFOA based inductance simulators is demonstrated on both a second-order low-pass filter and inductance cancellation circuit. PSPICE simulations are given to verify the theoretical analysis.
Induction in industrial processes; L`induction dans les procedes industriels
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anon.
1997-09-01
This short paper is a brief report about the 1997 international congress on the use of induction in industrial processes: fusion, forging, thixo-forming, metal treatments and continuous casting, heating and thermal treatments, inductive plasma, fusion in cold crucibles, surface treatments, galvanizing, power sources, electromagnetic compatibility, chemistry, agriculture and food industry. The development of new technologies and in particular of power supplies with power transistors, allows to produce electric currents with any frequency and with powers up to several MW. The efficiency of these systems is increased to more than 95% and generates important energy and cost savings. More compact induction systems with a better energy efficiency are now proposed thanks to progresses made in the modeling of the physical and mechanical phenomena occurring in the materials. (J.S.)
Vector Controlled Two Phase Induction Motor and To A Three Phase Induction Motor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K.krishna Rao (PG student
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents vector controlled of single phase induction motor. some problems are with vector controlled SPIM.As SPIM’s are typically to maintain speed and also about the complex implementation of vector controlled SPIM.the implemantion of the proposed vector controlled TPIM compared to the vector controlled SPIM. The general modal sutable for vector control of the unsymmentrical two phase induction motor and also stator flux oriented controlled strategies are analized. the comparative performance of both has been presented in this work with help of a practical three phase motor.
Induction of fetal demise before abortion.
Diedrich, Justin; Drey, Eleanor
2010-06-01
For decades, the induction of fetal demise has been used before both surgical and medical second-trimester abortion. Intracardiac potassium chloride and intrafetal or intra-amniotic digoxin injections are the pharmacologic agents used most often to induce fetal demise. In the last several years, induction of fetal demise has become more common before second-trimester abortion. The only randomized, placebo-controlled trial of induced fetal demise before surgical abortion used a 1 mg injection of intra-amniotic digoxin before surgical abortion at 20-23 weeks' gestation and found no difference in procedure duration, difficulty, estimated blood loss, pain scores or complications between groups. Inducing demise before induction terminations at near viable gestational ages to avoid signs of life at delivery is practiced widely. The role of inducing demise before dilation and evacuation (D&E) remains unclear, except for legal considerations in the United States when an intact delivery is intended. There is a discrepancy between the one published randomized trial that used 1 mg intra-amniotic digoxin that showed no improvement in D&E outcomes and observational studies using different routes, doses and pre-abortion intervals that have made claims for its use. Additional randomized trials might provide clearer evidence upon which to make further recommendations about any role of inducing demise before surgical abortion. At the current time, the Society of Family Planning recommends that pharmacokinetic studies followed by randomized controlled trials be conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of feticidal agents to improve abortion safety.
Current evidence supporting "letrozole" for ovulation induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sujata Kar
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Aromatase inhibitor "letrozole" was first introduced as a potential ovulation induction (OI drug almost a decade back. Large number of studies has been published using letrozole for OI: In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS women, clomiphene citrate (CC resistant women, for intrauterine insemination and also in various protocols of mild stimulation for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI. Letrozole appears to be a good option, with its oral route of administration, cost, shorter half-life and negligible side effects. However, the verdict on efficacy and safety of letrozole is still uncertain. This review explores the current scientific data supporting letrozole for OI.
Orbital effects due to gravitational induction
Bini, Donato; Giordano, Domenico
2015-01-01
We study the motion of test particles in the metric of a localized and slowly rotating astronomical source, within the framework of linear gravitoelectromagnetism, grounded on a Post-Minkowskian approximation of general relativity. Special attention is paid to gravitational inductive effects due to time-varying gravitomagnetic fields. We show that, within the limits of the approximation mentioned above, there are cumulative effects on the orbit of the particles either for planetary sources or for binary systems. They turn out to be negligible.
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...... with a simple flux observer is used in the design. Assuming known motor parameters the design achieves stability with guaranteed region of attraction. It is also shown how a conventional field oriented controller may be obtained by omitting parts of the nonlinear controller....
Finite element modelingof spherical induction actuator
Galary, Grzegorz
2005-01-01
The thesis deals with finite element method simulations of the two-degree of freedom spherical induction actuator performed using the 2D and 3D models. In some cases non-linear magnetization curves, rotor movement and existence of higher harmonics are taken into account. The evolution of the model leading to its simplification is presented. Several rotor structures are tested, namely the one-layer, two-layers and two-layers-with-teeth rotor. The study of some rotor parameters, i.e. t...
Order-Sorted Parameterization and Induction
Meseguer, José
Parameterization is one of the most powerful features to make specifications and declarative programs modular and reusable, and our best hope for scaling up formal verification efforts. This paper studies order-sorted parameterization at three different levels: (i) its mathematical semantics; (ii) its operational semantics by term rewriting; and (iii) the inductive reasoning principles that can soundly be used to prove properties about such specifications. It shows that achieving the desired properties at each of these three levels is a considerably subtler matter than for many-sorted specifications, but that such properties can be attained under reasonable conditions.
Two-phase induction motor drives
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blaabjerg, Frede; Lungeanu, Florin; Skaug, Kenneth
2004-01-01
There is a continuous debate today concerning the ?motor of the future? for low-power applications requiring less than 1-2 kW. The specialists are focusing on superior motors [1] like brushless-dc, permanent-magnet synchronous, or electronically commutated types, because they show improvements...... in efficiency, reliability, torque-per-volume/mass ratio, maintenance, and service life. Despite this effort, the industry seems to be responding with manifest rigidity in changing standard induction motor solutions when considering the installed volume into the field, the investment in manufacturing base...
Sensorless soft starters for loaded induction motors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chrisanov, V.I.; Konovalov, Y.N. [Power Plearonics Department, State University of Telecommunication, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
1997-12-31
The paper is devoted to the research and design of sensorless thyristor soft starters for loaded induction motors (IM) with short circuited squirrel case rotors. It is shown that the applied direct converter topology depends on the output power and consists of a small number of thyristors with special algorithm of switching to realize voltage - frequency control of IM drive systems at low speeds of starting. Sensorless control is realized from the both sides when neither direct converter nor drive system consists of any additional transducers for soft starting operation. (orig.) 4 refs.
Inductive Output Tubes -- Status and Future Direction
Bohlen, Heinz
2002-08-01
Invented in 1938, at the same time as the klystron, it took the Inductive Output Tube (IOT) more than 40 years to surface as a useful device. Its progress after that event was rapid. Though plagued by teething problems in the beginning, it has since replaced the klystron as a TV amplifier in UHF, and it holds its own against the solid-state competition in that application. The IOT also shows much promise as a high-power amplifier, but early developments in this direction have remained solitary events so far. The paper discusses the causes and the potential of the device for future high-power applications.
Linear induction accelerator for heavy ions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Keefe, D.
1976-09-01
There is considerable recent interest in the use of high energy (..gamma.. = 1.1), heavy (A greater than or equal to 100) ions to irradiate deuterium--tritium pellets in a reactor vessel to constitute a power source at the level of 1 GW or more. Various accelerator configurations involving storage rings have been suggested. A discussion is given of how the technology of Linear Induction Accelerators--well known to be matched to high current and short pulse length--may offer significant advantages for this application.
A History of Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fabrizio eRiguzzi
2014-09-01
Full Text Available The field of Probabilistic Logic Programming (PLP has seen significant advances in the last 20 years, with many proposals for languages that combine probability with logic programming. Since the start, the problem of learning probabilistic logic programs has been the focus of much attention. Learning these programs represents a whole subfield of Inductive Logic Programming (ILP. In Probabilistic ILP (PILP two problems are considered: learning the parameters of a program given the structure (the rules and learning both the structure and the parameters. Usually structure learning systems use parameter learning as a subroutine. In this article we present an overview of PILP and discuss the main results.
A Microfabricated Inductively Coupled Plasma Excitation Source
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Yong-Qing; PU Yong-Ni; SUN Rong-Xia; TANG Yu-Jun; CHEN Wen-Jun; LOU Jian-Zhong; MA Wen
2008-01-01
A novel miniaturization of inductively coupled plasma(ICP)source based on printed circuit produced using micro-fabrication techniques is presented.The basic parameters of the novel ICP,including its radio frequency,power loss,size,and argon consumption are less than 1% of that for the case of atmospheric pressure ICP source.For example,at 100 Pa of argon gas pressure,the present ICP source can be ignited by using the rf power less than 3.5 W.Potential applications of the ICP is discussed.
Induction generator models in dynamic simulation tools
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Knudsen, Hans; Akhmatov, Vladislav
1999-01-01
. It is found to be possible to include a transient model in dynamic stability tools and, then, obtain correct results also in dynamic tools. The representation of the rotating system influences on the voltage recovery shape which is an important observation in case of windmills, where a heavy mill is connected......For AC network with large amount of induction generators (windmills) the paper demonstrates a significant discrepancy in the simulated voltage recovery after fault in weak networks when comparing dynamic and transient stability descriptions and the reasons of discrepancies are explained...
Numerical analysis method for linear induction machines.
Elliott, D. G.
1972-01-01
A numerical analysis method has been developed for linear induction machines such as liquid metal MHD pumps and generators and linear motors. Arbitrary phase currents or voltages can be specified and the moving conductor can have arbitrary velocity and conductivity variations from point to point. The moving conductor is divided into a mesh and coefficients are calculated for the voltage induced at each mesh point by unit current at every other mesh point. Combining the coefficients with the mesh resistances yields a set of simultaneous equations which are solved for the unknown currents.
Inductive Data Types Based on Fibrations Theory in Programming
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Decheng Miao
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Traditional methods including algebra and category theory have some deficiencies in analyzing semantics properties and describing inductive rules of inductive data types, we present a method based on Fibrations theory aiming at those questions above. We systematically analyze some basic logical structures of inductive data types about a fibration such as re-indexing functor, truth functor and comprehension functor, make semantics models of non-indexed fibration, single-sorted indexed fibration and many-sorted indexed fibration respectively. On this basis, we thoroughly discuss semantics properties of fibred, single-sorted indexed and many-sorted indexed inductive data types, and abstractly describe their inductive rules with universality. Furthermore, we briefly introduce applications of the three inductive dana types for analyzing semantics properties and describing inductive rules based on Fibrations theory via some examples. Compared with traditional methods, our works have the following three advantages. Firstly, brief descriptions and flexible expansibility of Fibrations theory can analyze semantics properties of inductive data types accurately, whose semantics are computed automatically. Secondly, superior abstractness of Fibrations theory does not rely on particular computing environments to depict inductive rules of inductive data types with universality. Thirdly, its rigorousness and consistence provide sound basis for testing and maintenance of software development.
Modelling of Parasitic Inductances of a High Precision Inductive Adder for CLIC
Holma, J; Ovaska, S J
2013-01-01
The CLIC study is exploring the scheme for an electron-positron collider with high luminosity and a nominal centre-of-mass energy of 3 TeV. The CLIC pre-damping rings and damping rings will produce, through synchrotron radiation, ultra-low emittance beam with high bunch charge. To avoid beam emittance increase, the damping ring kicker systems must provide extremely flat, high-voltage, pulses. The specifications for the extraction kickers of the DRs are particularly demanding: the flat-top of the pulses must be ±12.5 kV with a combined ripple and droop of not more than ±0.02 % (±2.5 V). An inductive adder is a very promising approach to meeting the specifications. However, the output impedance of the inductive adder needs to be well matched to the system impedance. The primary leakage inductance, which cannot be computed accurately analytically, has a significant effect upon the output impedance of the inductive adder. This paper presents predictions, obtained by modelling the 3D geometry of the adder struc...
Phase-sensitive detection of both inductive and non-inductive ac voltages in ferromagnetic resonance
Weiler, Mathias; Shaw, Justin M.; Nembach, Hans T.; Schoen, Martin A.; Boone, Carl T.; Silva, Thomas J.
2014-03-01
Spin pumping causes significant damping in ultrathin ferromagnetic/normal metal (NM) multilayers via spin-current generation of both dc and ac character in the NM system. While the nonlinear dc component has been investigated in detail by utilization of the inverse spin Hall effect (iSHE) in NMs, much less is known about the linear ac component that is presumably much larger in the small-excitation limit. We measured generated ac voltages in a wide variety of Permalloy/NM multilayers via vector-network-analyzer ferromagnetic resonance. We employ a custom, impedance-matched, broadband microwave coupler that features a ferromagnetic thin film reference resonator to accurately compare ac voltage amplitudes and phases between varieties of multilayers. By use of the fact that inductive and ac iSHE signals are phase-shifted by π/2, we find that inductive signals are major contributors in all investigated samples. It is only by comparison of the phase and amplitude of the recorded ac voltages between multiple samples that we can extract the non-inductive contributions due to spin-currents. Voltages due to the ac iSHE in Permalloy(10nm)/platinum(5nm) bilayers are weaker than inductive signals, in agreement with calculations based upon recent theoretical predictions. M.W. acknowledges financial support by the German Academic Exchange service (DAAD).
Radical induction theory of ulcerative colitis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jay Pravda
2005-01-01
To propose a new pathogenesis called Radical Induction to explain the genesis and progression of ulcerative colitis (UC). UC is an inflammatory bowel disease. Colonic inflammation in UC is mediated by a buildup of white blood cells (WBCs) within the colonic mucosal lining; however,to date there is no answer for why WBCs initially enter the colonic mucosa to begin with. A new pathogenesis termed "Radical Induction Theory" is proposed to explain this and states that excess un-neutralized hydrogen peroxide, produced within colonic epithelial cells as a result of aberrant cellular metabolism, diffuses through cell membranes to the extracellular space where it is converted to the highly damaging hydroxyl radical resulting in oxidative damage to structures comprising the colonic epithelial barrier. Once damaged, the barrier is unable to exclude highly immunogenic fecal bacterial antigens from invading the normally sterile submucosa. This antigenic exposure provokes an initial immune response of WBC infiltration into the colonic mucosa. Once present in the mucosa,WBCs are stimulated to secrete toxins by direct exposure to fecal bacteria leading to mucosal ulceration and bloody diarrhea characteristic of this disease.
Medical therapeutics: from induction to scientific evolution.
Nunes, José Pedro Lopes
2013-01-01
The field of medical therapeutics may be characterized as having suffered major scientific evolution in the last decades. The publication of landmark studies has been important enough to produce shifts in patient care. However, the scientific evolution in this field does not necessarily imply a progressively greater degree of certitude. In fact, it is not uncommon for new knowledge, when reflected in clinical practice, to weaken previous knowledge. In medical therapeutics, strict inductive reasoning implies the existence of empirical intervention data, typically clinical trial data. In many instances, however, such data does not exist-leaving room for a mixture of inductive and "pseudo-deductive" reasoning. It is often necessary to establish treatment on the basis of incomplete and inconclusive information, more so when the clinical situation is grave, but when no valid information exists, no treatment may be an option. In many instances, the rule "I wish not to impose on others" has superseded the concept "Do not impose on others what you yourself do not desire."
Constrained length minimum inductance gradient coil design.
Chronik, B A; Rutt, B K
1998-02-01
A gradient coil design algorithm capable of controlling the position of the homogeneous region of interest (ROI) with respect to the current-carrying wires is required for many advanced imaging and spectroscopy applications. A modified minimum inductance target field method that allows the placement of a set of constraints on the final current density is presented. This constrained current minimum inductance method is derived in the context of previous target field methods. Complete details are shown and all equations required for implementation of the algorithm are given. The method has been implemented on computer and applied to the design of both a 1:1 aspect ratio (length:diameter) central ROI and a 2:1 aspect ratio edge ROI gradient coil. The 1:1 design demonstrates that a general analytic method can be used to easily obtain very short gradient coil designs for use with specialized magnet systems. The edge gradient design demonstrates that designs that allow imaging of the neck region with a head sized gradient coil can be obtained, as well as other applications requiring edge-of-cylinder regions of uniformity.
Addiction, adolescence, and innate immune gene induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fulton T Crews
2011-04-01
Full Text Available Repeated drug use/abuse amplifies psychopathology, progressively reducing frontal lobe behavioral control and cognitive flexibility while simultaneously increasing limbic temporal lobe negative emotionality. The period of adolescence is a neurodevelopmental stage characterized by poor behavioral control as well as strong limbic reward and thrill seeking. Repeated drug abuse and/or stress during this stage increase the risk of addiction and elevate activator innate immune signaling in the brain. Nuclear factor-kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB is a key glial transcription factor that regulates proinflammatory chemokines, cytokines, oxidases, proteases, and other innate immune genes. Induction of innate brain immune gene expression (e.g., NF-κB facilitates negative affect, depression-like behaviors, and inhibits hippocampal neurogenesis. In addition, innate immune gene induction alters cortical neurotransmission consistent with loss of behavioral control. Studies with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depressant drugs as well as opiate antagonists link persistent innate immune gene expression to key behavioral components of addiction, e.g. negative affect-anxiety and loss of frontal cortical behavioral control. This review suggests that persistent and progressive changes in innate immune gene expression contribute to the development of addiction. Innate immune genes may represent a novel new target for addiction therapy.
Automatic Induction of Rule Based Text Categorization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D.Maghesh Kumar
2010-12-01
Full Text Available The automated categorization of texts into predefined categories has witnessed a booming interest in the last 10 years, due to the increased availability of documents in digital form and the ensuingneed to organize them. In the research community the dominant approach to this problem is based on machine learning techniques: a general inductive process automatically builds a classifier by learning, from a set of preclassified documents, the characteristics of the categories. This paper describes, a novel method for the automatic induction of rule-based text classifiers. This method supports a hypothesis language of the form "if T1, … or Tn occurs in document d, and none of T1+n,... Tn+m occurs in d, then classify d under category c," where each Ti is a conjunction of terms. This survey discusses the main approaches to text categorization that fall within the machine learning paradigm. Issues pertaining tothree different problems, namely, document representation, classifier construction, and classifier evaluation were discussed in detail.
On electromagnetic induction in electric conductors
Korolev, Alexander I
2013-01-01
Experimental validation of the Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction (EMI) is performed when an electromotive force is generated in thin copper turns, located inside a large magnetic coil. It has been established that the electromotive force (emf) value should be dependent not only on changes of the magnetic induction flux through a turn and on symmetry of its crossing by magnetic power lines also. The law of EMI is applicable in sufficient approximation in case of the changes of the magnetic field near the turn are symmetrical. Experimental study of the induced emf in arcs and a direct section of the conductor placed into the variable field has been carried out. Linear dependence of the induced emf on the length of the arc has been ascertained in case of the magnetic field distribution symmetry about it. Influence of the magnetic field symmetry on the induced emf in the arc has been observed. The curve of the induced emf in the direct section over period of current pulse is similar to this one for the t...
Inductive Logic Programming for Industrial Control Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Samiya Bouarroudj
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Advanced Monitoring Systems of the processes consti tute a higher level to the systems of control and use specific techniques and methods. An importa nt part of the task of supervision focuses on the detection and the diagnosis of various situatio ns of faults which can affect the process. Methods of fault detection and diagnosis (FDD are different from the type of knowledge about the process that they require. They can be classifi ed as data-driven, analytical, or knowledge- based approach. A collaborative FDD approach that c ombines the strengths of various heterogeneous FDD methods is able to maximize diagn ostic performance. The new generation of knowledge-based systems or decision support syst ems needs to tap into knowledge that is both very broad, but specific to a domain, combinin g learning, structured representations of domain knowledge such as ontologies and reasoning t ools. In this paper, we present a decision- aid tool in case of malfunction of high power indus trial steam boiler. For this purpose an ontology was developed and considered as a prior co nceptual knowledge in Inductive Logic Programming (ILP for inducing diagnosis rules. The next step of the process concerns the inclusion of rules acquired by induction in the kno wledge base as well as their exploitation for reasoning.
Linearizing Control of Induction Motor Based on Networked Control Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jun Ren; Chun-Wen Li; De-Zong Zhao
2009-01-01
A new approach to speed control of induction motors is developed by introducing networked control systems (NCSs) into the induction motor driving system. The control strategy is to stabilize and track the rotor speed of the induction motor when the network time delay occurs in the transport medium of network data. First, a feedback linearization method is used to achieve input-output linearization and decoupling control of the induction motor driving system based on rotor flux model, and then the characteristic of network data is analyzed in terms of the inherent network time delay. A networked control model of an induction motor is established. The sufficient condition of asymptotic stability for the networked induction motor driving system is given, and the state feedback controller is obtained by solving the linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Simulation results verify the efficiency of the proposed scheme.
nanoSQUID operation using kinetic rather than magnetic induction.
McCaughan, Adam N; Zhao, Qingyuan; Berggren, Karl K
2016-06-14
We report on a method of nanoSQUID modulation which uses kinetic inductance rather than magnetic inductance to manip-ulate the internal fluxoid state. We produced modulation using injected current rather than an applied magnetic field. Using this injected current, we were able to observe the triangle-wave shaped modulation of the device critical current which was periodic according to the London fluxoid quantization condition. The measurement results also confirmed that the fluxoid state inside a superconducting loop can be manipulated using primarily kinetic inductance. By using primarily kinetic inductance rather than magnetic inductance, the size of the coupling inductor was reduced by a factor of 10. As a result, this approach may provide a means to reduce the size of SQUID-based superconducting electronics. Additionally, this method provides a convenient way to perform kinetic inductance characterizations of superconducting thin films.
A Reasoning System using Inductive Inference of Analogical Union
Miyahara, Tetsuhiro
1988-01-01
Analogical reasoning derives a new fact based on the analogous facts previously known. Inductive inference is a process of gaining a general rule from examples. We propose a new reasoning system using inductive inference and analogical reasoning. which is applicable to intellectual information processing and we characterize its power. Given an enumeration of paired examples. this system inductively infers a program representing the paring and constructs an analogical union. It reasons by anal...
Predictive Condition Monitoring of Induction Motor Bearing Using Fuzzy Logic
2012-01-01
Induction motor is critical component in industrial processes and is frequently integrated in commercially available equipment. Safety, reliability, efficiency and performance are the major concerns of induction motor applications. Due to high reliability requirements and cost of breakdown, condition monitoring, diagnosis and Protection increasing importance. Protection of an induction motor (IM) against possible problems, such as stator faults, rotor faults and mechanical faults, occurring i...
Haemodynamic changes after induction of anaesthesia with sevoflurane vs. propofol
POTOČNIK, IZTOK; NOVAK JANKOVIĆ, VESNA; Štupnik, Tomaž; Kremžar, Boriana
2011-01-01
Inhalation induction with sevoflurane would appear to offer several objective advantages compared to induction with propofol. In our study, the hemodynamic results of sevoflurane vs. propofol induction in patients undergoing thoracotomy were studied. In a prospective, randomized, blinded study 24 patients were randomly allocated to one of 2 groups: sevoflurane (S) and propofol (P) (n=12 each). For hemodynamic monitoring the LIDCO plus system was used. Patients in group S were induced into ana...
Integrating Implicit Induction Proofs into Certified Proof Environments
Stratulat, Sorin
We give evidence of the direct integration and automated checking of implicit induction-based proofs inside certified reasoning environments, as that provided by the Coq proof assistant. This is the first step of a long term project focused on 1) mechanically certifying implicit induction proofs generated by automated provers like Spike, and 2) narrowing the gap between automated and interactive proof techniques inside proof assistants such that multiple induction steps can be executed completely automatically and mutual induction can be treated more conveniently. Contrary to the current approaches of reconstructing implicit induction proofs into scripts based on explicit induction tactics that integrate the usual proof assistants, our checking methodology is simpler and fits better for automation. The underlying implicit induction principles are separated and validated independently from the proof scripts that consist in a bunch of one-to-one translations of implicit induction proof steps. The translated steps can be checked independently, too, so the validation process fits well for parallelisation and for the management of large proof scripts. Moreover, our approach is more general; any kind of implicit induction proof can be considered because the limitations imposed by the proof reconstruction techniques no longer exist. An implementation that integrates automatic translators for generating fully checkable Coq scripts from Spike proofs is reported.
Automatic design of decision-tree induction algorithms
Barros, Rodrigo C; Freitas, Alex A
2015-01-01
Presents a detailed study of the major design components that constitute a top-down decision-tree induction algorithm, including aspects such as split criteria, stopping criteria, pruning, and the approaches for dealing with missing values. Whereas the strategy still employed nowadays is to use a 'generic' decision-tree induction algorithm regardless of the data, the authors argue on the benefits that a bias-fitting strategy could bring to decision-tree induction, in which the ultimate goal is the automatic generation of a decision-tree induction algorithm tailored to the application domain o
Feasibility of alternating induction and maintenance chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer.
Hann, Alexander; Bohle, Wolfram; Egger, Jan; Zoller, Wolfram
2017-01-31
Chemotherapy regimens for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have changed since the introduction of FOLFIRINOX. Due to toxicity, dosage and number of applied cycles are limited. In analogy to chemotherapy strategies in colon cancer we used a scheme of induction, maintenance and re-induction therapy in PDAC to alleviate such toxicities and increase the number of applied cycles. Here we report first experiences with this approach. Data of all patients who received FOLFIRINOX for metastatic or locally advanced PDAC in our center using induction chemotherapy followed by maintenance therapy from 2011 until November 2016 was collected and analyzed retrospectively. Progression free survival was assessed starting induction therapy until progressive disease (PD) during maintenance or treatment pause (PFS1) and until progression during re-induction therapy (PFS2). 13 patients received induction therapy which was followed by maintenance therapy. Re-induction due to PD during therapy was applied in 11 patients. The median PFS1 was 10.6 months (95% CI; 6.7-14.4), PFS2 was 14.1 months (95% CI; 8.2-19.9) and overall survival was 18.3 months (95% CI; 14.8-21.8). The use of FOLFIRINOX as induction, followed by maintenance and re-induction therapy in case of PD is feasible in the treatment of PDAC and might lead to a prolonged PFS with less toxicity.
The Problem of Analogical Inference in Inductive Logic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Simon M. Huttegger
2016-06-01
Full Text Available We consider one problem that was largely left open by Rudolf Carnap in his work on inductive logic, the problem of analogical inference. After discussing some previous attempts to solve this problem, we propose a new solution that is based on the ideas of Bruno de Finetti on probabilistic symmetries. We explain how our new inductive logic can be developed within the Carnapian paradigm of inductive logic-deriving an inductive rule from a set of simple postulates about the observational process-and discuss some of its properties.
Bloch inductance in small-capacitance Josephson junctions.
Zorin, A B
2006-04-28
We show that the electrical impedance of a small-capacitance Josephson junction also includes, in addition to the capacitive term -i/(omega)CB, an inductive term i(omega)LB. Similar to the known Bloch capacitance CB(q), the Bloch inductance LB(q) also depends periodically on the quasicharge, q, and its maximum value achieved at q=e(mod 2e) always exceeds the value of the Josephson inductance of this junction LJ(phi) at fixed phi=0. The effect of the Bloch inductance on the dynamics of a single junction and a one-dimensional array is described.
Multi-turn, printed surface coil inductance, and Q optimization.
Raad, A; Kan, S
1993-03-01
Wheeler's empirical inductance formula for a multi-turn, close-wound flat coil shows that the maximum inductance for a given length of wire occurs when the outer to inner radius ratios is equal to 15/7. A similar expression is proposed for a flat, printed spiral for surface coil antenna design by modifying one of the coefficients in Wheeler's formula. Measured inductance is in good agreement with this new formula and the optimum radius ratio for maximum inductance or Q is now of the order of 9/5.
Effect of mutual inductance coupling on superconducting flux qubit decoherence
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yanyan Jiang; Hualan Xu; Yinghua Ji
2009-01-01
In the Born-Markov approximation and two-level approximation, and using the Bloch-Redfield equation, the decoherence property of superconducting quantum circuit with a flux qubit is investigated. The influence on decoherence of the mutual inductance coupling between the circuit components is complicated. The mutual inductance coupling between different loops will decrease the decoherence time. However, the mutual inductance coupling of the same loop, in a certain interval, will increase the decoherence time. Therefore, we can control the decoherence time by changing the mutual inductance parameters such as the strength and direction of coupling.
Complex inductance, excess noise, and surface magnetism in dc SQUIDs.
Sendelbach, S; Hover, D; Mück, M; McDermott, R
2009-09-11
We have characterized the complex inductance of dc SQUIDs cooled to millikelvin temperatures. The SQUID inductance displays a rich, history-dependent structure as a function of temperature, with fluctuations of order 1 fH. At a fixed temperature, the SQUID inductance fluctuates with a 1/f power spectrum; the inductance noise is highly correlated with the conventional 1/f flux noise. The data are interpreted in terms of the reconfiguration of clusters of surface spins, with correlated fluctuations of effective magnetic moments and relaxation times.
Modeling of Lossy Inductance in Moving-Coil Loudspeakers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kong, Xiao-Peng; Agerkvist, Finn T.; Zeng, Xin-Wu
2015-01-01
The electrical impedance of moving-coil loudspeakers is dominated by the lossy inductance in high frequency range. Using the equivalent electrical circuit method, a new model for the lossy inductance based on separate functions for the magnitude and phase of the impedance is presented. The electr......The electrical impedance of moving-coil loudspeakers is dominated by the lossy inductance in high frequency range. Using the equivalent electrical circuit method, a new model for the lossy inductance based on separate functions for the magnitude and phase of the impedance is presented...
CALCULATION OF INDUCTANCE OF THE INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Phyong Le Ngo
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM refers to salient-pole synchronous motors, characterized by inequality of inductances of longitudinal (d and transverse (q axes. Electromagnetic torque of IPMSM consists of two components: active torque and reactive torque; the latter depends on inductances of d and q axes. An analytical method to calculate own inductances and mutual inductances of a three-phase IPMSM is presented. Distributed windings of the stator are substituted by equivalent sine distributed windings. An interior permanent magnets rotor is substituted by an equivalent salient-pole rotor. Sections of a magnetic circuit comprising interior permanent magnets, air barriers and steel bridges are substituted by equivalent air-gap. The expressions of the magnetic induction created by current of the stator windings at each point of the air gap as well as of magnetic flux linkage of the stator windings have been obtained. The equations of the self-inductances of phases A, B, C, and of inductance of mutual induction are determined from magnetic flux linkage. The inductance of the d and q axes have been obtained as a result of transformation of the axes abc–dq. The results obtained with the use of the proposed analytical method and the finite element method are presented in the form of a graph; the calculations that have been obtained by these two methods were compared.
Dynamic Model of Linear Induction Motor Considering the End Effects
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. A. Hairik
2009-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper the dynamic behavior of linear induction motor is described by a mathematical model taking into account the end effects and the core losses. The need for such a model rises due to the complexity of linear induction motors electromagnetic field theory. The end affects by introducing speed dependent scale factor to the magnetizing inductance and series resistance in the d-axis equivalent circuit. Simulation results are presented to show the validity of the model during both no-load and sudden load change intervals. This model can also be used directly in simulation researches for linear induction motor vector control drive systems.
Solar eclipse effect on geomagnetic induction parameters
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Ádám
2005-12-01
Full Text Available The 11 August 1999 total solar eclipse had been studied using a large array of stations in Central Europe (Bencze et al., 2005. According to the result of this study, the amplitudes of the field line resonance (FLR-type pulsations decreased in and around the dark spot by about a factor of 2, and this decrease moved with the velocity of the dark spot in the same direction. This decrease was interpreted as a switch-off of the FLR-type pulsations, due to a change in the eigenperiod of the field line as a consequence of a change in the charged particle distribution along the field line. An effect was also found in the phase of the (magnetic or electric perpendicular components.
At the Nagycenk (NCK observatory lying in the zone of totality, both magnetic and electric records were available. The magnetotelluric (MT sounding curve computed by the usual method for the eclipse interval (08:00-14:00 UT fits the previously known standard curve extremely well. During the eclipse, however, impedance values in the FLR period range were highly scattered. The scatter remained as long as the eclipse lasted. Coherence values between magnetic and electric components decreased significantly. In contrast, an earlier similar switch-off of the FLR-type activity on the same day did not cause a similar scatter, in spite of a comparably low coherence. Thus, the lack of FLR-type activity disturbed the usual MT connection between the magnetic and electric components during the eclipse.
The induction vector (tipper, especially its real part, shows a clear effect of the eclipse in the FLR period range (24-29 s, too. Both at NCK and at Bad Bergzabern (BBZ, westernmost station and longest FLR period, a definite decrease in the real tipper was ascertained during the totality. The average direction of the tipper did not change.
Concerning both parameters, a random effect cannot fully
Modeling a Cold Crucible Induction Heated Melter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grant L. Hawkes
2003-06-01
FIDAP has been used to simulate melting of radioactive waste glass in a cold crucible induction heated melter. A model has been created that couples the magnetic vector potential (real and imaginary) to a transient startup of the melting process. This magnetic field is coupled to the mass, momentum, and energy equations that vary with time and position as the melt grows. The coupling occurs with the electrical conductivity of the glass as it rises above the melt temperature of the glass and heat is generated. Natural convection within the molten glass helps determine the shape of the melt as it progresses in time. An electromagnetic force is also implemented that is dependent on the electrical properties and frequency of the coil. This study shows the progression of the melt shape with time along with temperatures, power input, velocities, and magnetic vector potential. A power controller is implemented that controls the primary coil current and power.
Modeling a Cold Crucible Induction Heated Melter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hawkes, G.L.
2003-05-09
FIDAP has been used to simulate melting of radioactive waste glass in a cold crucible induction heated melter. A model has been created that couples the magnetic vector potential (real and imaginary) to a transient startup of the melting process. This magnetic field is coupled with mass, momentum, and energy equations that vary with time and position as the melt grows. The coupling occurs with the electrical conductivity of the glass as it rises above the melt temperature of the glass and heat is generated. Natural convection within the molten glass helps determine the shape of the melt as it progresses in time. An electromagnetic force is also implemented that is dependent on the electrical properties and frequency of the coil. This study shows the progression of the melt shape with time along with temperatures, power input, velocities, and magnetic vector potential. A power controller is implemented that controls the primary coil current and power.
Induction of apoptotic cell death by putrescine
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Takao, Koichi; Rickhag, Karl Mattias; Hegardt, Cecilia
2006-01-01
The polyamines are essential for cellular growth and differentiation. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), which catalyses the first step in the biosynthesis of the polyamines, has a very fast turnover and is subject to a strong feedback control by the polyamines. In the present study, we show that ove......The polyamines are essential for cellular growth and differentiation. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), which catalyses the first step in the biosynthesis of the polyamines, has a very fast turnover and is subject to a strong feedback control by the polyamines. In the present study, we show...... for their growth. The induction of cell death was correlated with a dramatic increase in cellular putrescine levels. Analysis using flow cytometry revealed perturbed cell cycle kinetics, with a large accumulation of cells with sub-G1 amounts of DNA, which is a typical sign of apoptosis. Another strong indication...
Inductive Measurement of Plasma Jet Electrical Conductivity
Turner, Matthew W.; Hawk, Clark W.; Litchford, Ron J.
2005-01-01
An inductive probing scheme, originally developed for shock tube studies, has been adapted to measure explosive plasma jet conductivities. In this method, the perturbation of an applied magnetic field by a plasma jet induces a voltage in a search coil, which, in turn, can be used to infer electrical conductivity through the inversion of a Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. A 1-inch diameter probe was designed and constructed, and calibration was accomplished by firing an aluminum slug through the probe using a light-gas gun. Exploratory laboratory experiments were carried out using plasma jets expelled from 15-gram high explosive shaped charges. Measured conductivities were in the range of 3 kS/m for unseeded octol charges and 20 kS/m for seeded octol charges containing 2% potassium carbonate by mass.
SPACEKIDS: kinetic inductance detectors for space applications
Griffin, M.; Baselmans, J.; Baryshev, A.; Doyle, S.; Grim, M.; Hargrave, P.; Klapwijk, T.; Martin-Pintado, J.; Monfardini, A.; Neto, A.; Steenbeek, H.; Walker, I.; Wood, K.; D'Addabbo, A.; Barry, P.; Bideaud, A.; Blázquez, B.; Bueno, J.; Calvo, M.; Costa-Kramer, J.-L.; Ferrari, L.; Gómez-Gutiérrez, A.; Goupy, J.; Llombart, N.; Yates, S.
2016-07-01
SPACEKIDS, a European Union FP-7 project, has recently been completed. It has focused on developing kinetic inductance detector (KID) arrays and demonstrating their suitability for space applications at far infrared and submillimetre wavelengths. KID arrays have been developed for both low-background (typical of astrophysical applications) and high-background (typical of Earth-observation applications), based on performance specifications derived from the science requirements of representative potential future missions. KID pixel and array designs have been developed, together with readout electronics necessary to read out large numbers of pixels. Two laboratory demonstrator systems have been built and used for comprehensive evaluation of large-format array characteristics and performance in environments representative of both astronomy and Earth observing applications. We present an overview of the SPACEKIDS project and a summary of its main results and conclusions.
Rapid induction of false memory for pictures.
Weinstein, Yana; Shanks, David R
2010-07-01
Recognition of pictures is typically extremely accurate, and it is thus unclear whether the reconstructive nature of memory can yield substantial false recognition of highly individuated stimuli. A procedure for the rapid induction of false memories for distinctive colour photographs is proposed. Participants studied a set of object pictures followed by a list of words naming those objects, but embedded in the list were names of unseen objects. When subsequently shown full colour pictures of these unseen objects, participants consistently claimed that they had seen them, while discriminating with high accuracy between studied pictures and new pictures whose names did not appear in the misleading word list. These false memories can be reported with high confidence as well as the feeling of recollection. This new procedure allows the investigation of factors that influence false memory reports with ecologically valid stimuli and of the similarities and differences between true and false memories.
Distributed generation induction and permanent magnet generators
Lai, L
2007-01-01
Distributed power generation is a technology that could help to enable efficient, renewable energy production both in the developed and developing world. It includes all use of small electric power generators, whether located on the utility system, at the site of a utility customer, or at an isolated site not connected to the power grid. Induction generators (IGs) are the cheapest and most commonly used technology, compatible with renewable energy resources. Permanent magnet (PM) generators have traditionally been avoided due to high fabrication costs; however, compared with IGs they are more reliable and productive. Distributed Generation thoroughly examines the principles, possibilities and limitations of creating energy with both IGs and PM generators. It takes an electrical engineering approach in the analysis and testing of these generators, and includes diagrams and extensive case study examples o better demonstrate how the integration of energy sources can be accomplished. The book also provides the ...
Some remarks about flux linkage and inductance
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Kurz
2004-01-01
Full Text Available In the area of computational electromagnetics there is an increasing demand for various coupled simulations. One example is the coupling between field and circuit simulation for the description of electromagnetic devices. In the context of such couplings, theoretical questions arise as well. How can a field device be represented as an equivalent multiport circuit element? What is meant by flux linkage if the considered conductors are not filamentary? What is meant by inductance if the magnetic media exhibit nonlinear behaviour? These questions and their answers are not new. However, according to the author’s view, these issues are not sufficiently addressed in the usual textbooks. The aim of the paper is therefore to (hopefully answer the questions concisely and correctly. The modern language of differential forms will be employed for this purpose.
Emittance growth in linear induction accelerators
Ekdahl, C A; Schulze, M E; Carlson, C A; Frayer, D K; Mostrum, C; Thoma, C H
2014-01-01
The Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrotest (DARHT) facility uses bremsstrahlung radiation source spots produced by the focused electron beams from two linear induction accelerators (LIAs) to radiograph large hydrodynamic experiments driven by high explosives. Radiographic resolution is determined by the size of the source spot, and beam emittance is the ultimate limitation to spot size. On the DARHT Axis-II LIA we measure an emittance higher than predicted by theoretical simulations, and even though this axis produces sub-millimeter source spots, we are exploring ways to improve the emittance. Some of the possible causes for the discrepancy have been investigated using particle-in-cell (PIC) codes, although most of these are discounted based on beam measurements. The most likely source of emittance growth is a mismatch of the beam to the magnetic transport, which can cause beam halo.
Heat transfer modeling an inductive approach
Sidebotham, George
2015-01-01
This innovative text emphasizes a "less-is-more" approach to modeling complicated systems such as heat transfer by treating them first as "1-node lumped models" that yield simple closed-form solutions. The author develops numerical techniques for students to obtain more detail, but also trains them to use the techniques only when simpler approaches fail. Covering all essential methods offered in traditional texts, but with a different order, Professor Sidebotham stresses inductive thinking and problem solving as well as a constructive understanding of modern, computer-based practice. Readers learn to develop their own code in the context of the material, rather than just how to use packaged software, offering a deeper, intrinsic grasp behind models of heat transfer. Developed from over twenty-five years of lecture notes to teach students of mechanical and chemical engineering at The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, the book is ideal for students and practitioners across engineering discipl...
Energy Optimal Control of Induction Motor Drives
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Abrahamsen, Flemming
This thesis deals with energy optimal control of small and medium-size variable speed induction motor drives for especially Heating, Ventilation and Air-Condition (HVAC) applications. Optimized efficiency is achieved by adapting the magnetization level in the motor to the load, and the basic...... purpose is demonstrate how this can be done for low-cost PWM-VSI drives without bringing the robustness of the drive below an acceptable level. Four drives are investigated with respect to energy optimal control: 2.2 kW standard and high-efficiency motor drives, 22 kW and 90 kW standard motor drives....... The method has been to make extensive efficiency measurements within the specified operating area with optimized efficiency and with constant air-gap flux, and to establish reliable converter and motor loss models based on those measurements. The loss models have been used to analyze energy optimal control...
Inductively guided circuits for ultracold dressed atoms
Sinuco-Leon, German; Arnold, Aidan S; Garraway, Barry M
2014-01-01
We propose a flexible and robust scheme to create closed quasi-one dimensional guides for ultra-cold atoms through the dressing of hyperfine sub-levels of the atomic ground state. The dressing field is spatially modulated by inductive effects over a micro-engineered conducting loop, freeing the trapping region from leading wires in its proximity. We show that arrays of connected ring traps can also be created by carefully designing the shape of the conducting loop. We report on characteristics of the trap and mechanisms that limit the range of parameters available for experimental implementation, including non-adiabatic losses and heat dissipation by induced currents. We outline conditions to select appropriate parameters for operation of the trap with atom-chip technology.
Electrothermal Model of Kinetic Inductance Detectors
Thomas, Christopher N; Goldie, David J
2014-01-01
An electrothermal model of Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) is described. The non-equilibrium state of the resonator's quasiparticle system is characterized by an effective temperature, which because of readout-power heating is higher than that of the bath. By balancing the flow of energy into the quasiparticle system, it is possible to calculate the steady-state large-signal, small-signal and noise behaviour. Resonance-curve distortion and hysteretic switching appear naturally within the framework. It is shown that an electrothermal feedback process exists, which affects all aspects of behaviour. It is also shown that generation-recombination noise can be interpreted in terms of the thermal fluctuation noise in the effective thermal conductance that links the quasiparticle and phonon systems of the resonator. Because the scheme is based on electrothermal considerations, multiple elements can be added to simulate the behaviour of complex devices, such as resonators on membranes, again taking into account r...
Fuzzy efficiency optimization of AC induction motors
Jani, Yashvant; Sousa, Gilberto; Turner, Wayne; Spiegel, Ron; Chappell, Jeff
1993-01-01
This paper describes the early states of work to implement a fuzzy logic controller to optimize the efficiency of AC induction motor/adjustable speed drive (ASD) systems running at less than optimal speed and torque conditions. In this paper, the process by which the membership functions of the controller were tuned is discussed and a controller which operates on frequency as well as voltage is proposed. The membership functions for this dual-variable controller are sketched. Additional topics include an approach for fuzzy logic to motor current control which can be used with vector-controlled drives. Incorporation of a fuzzy controller as an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) microchip is planned.
Electromagnetic induction in non-uniform domains
Giesecke, A; Luddens, F; Stefani, F; Gerbeth, G; Léorat, J; Guermond, J -L
2010-01-01
Kinematic simulations of the induction equation are carried out for different setups suitable for the von-K\\'arm\\'an-Sodium (VKS) dynamo experiment. Material properties of the flow driving impellers are considered by means of high conducting and high permeability disks that are present in a cylindrical volume filled with a conducting fluid. Two entirely different numerical codes are mutually validated by showing quantitative agreement on Ohmic decay and kinematic dynamo problems using various configurations and physical parameters. Field geometry and growth rates are strongly modified by the material properties of the disks even if the high permeability/high conductivity material is localized within a quite thin region. In contrast the influence of external boundary conditions remains small. Utilizing a VKS like mean fluid flow and high permeability disks yields a reduction of the critical magnetic Reynolds number for the onset of dynamo action of the simplest non-axisymmetric field mode. However this decreas...
Novel 3-Phase Inductive Fault Current Limiter
Kosa, Janos
The paper describes the inductive three-phase fault current limiter. In this work I examine the novel arrangements of the perfect closed superconducting loop made of HTS wire. I applied one iron core with 3 limbs and special loops for uniform temperature of the superconducting wire. In this work I present the results of my experiments with this device. I present the static and dynamic measured results of this solution. It has got several advantages e. g. fast switching and less fault power for high-power electric machines. The advantage of the equipment is that in the case of single-phase short circuit the current will decrease in all the three phases. This can be an appropriate solution for high power machines. For example, in the case of high-power electric motor if there is a single-phase breaking or a single phase short circuit, we can decrease the current in the three phases.
Radio Frequencv Induction Plasma Spraying of Molybdenum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiang Xianliang(蒋显亮); Maher Boulos
2003-01-01
Radio frequency (RF) induction plasma was used to make free-standing depositionof molybdenum (Mo). The phenomena of particle melting, flattening, and stacking were inves-tigated. The effect of process parameters such as plasma power, chamber pressure, and spraydistance on the phenomena mentioned above was studied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)was used to analyze the plasma-processed powder, splats formed, and deposits obtained. Exper-imental results show that less Mo particles are spheroidized when compared to the number ofspheroidized tungsten (W) particles at the same powder feed rate under the same plasma spraycondition. Molten Mo particles can be sufficiently flattened on substrate. The influence of theprocess parameters on the flattening behavior is not significant. Mo deposit is not as dense as Wdeposit, due to the splash and low impact of molten Mo particles. Oxidation of the Mo powderwith a large particle size is not evident under the low pressure plasma spray.
Superconducting inductive displacement detection of a microcantilever
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vinante, A., E-mail: anvinante@fbk.eu [Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, CNR - Fondazione Bruno Kessler, I-38123 Povo, Trento (Italy)
2014-07-21
We demonstrate a superconducting inductive technique to measure the displacement of a micromechanical resonator. In our scheme, a type I superconducting microsphere is attached to the free end of a microcantilever and approached to the loop of a dc Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) microsusceptometer. A local magnetic field as low as 100 μT, generated by a field coil concentric to the SQUID, enables detection of the cantilever thermomechanical noise at 4.2 K. The magnetomechanical coupling and the magnetic spring are in good agreement with image method calculations assuming pure Meissner effect. These measurements are relevant to recent proposals of quantum magnetomechanics experiments based on levitating superconducting microparticles.
Polyploidy Induction of Pteroceltis tatarinowii Maxim
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lin ZHANG; Feng WANG; Zhongkui SUN; Cuicui ZHU; Rongwei CHEN
2015-01-01
3%Objective] This study was conducted to obtain tetraploid Pteroceltis tatari-nowi Maxim. with excel ent ornamental traits. [Method] The stem apex growing points of Pteroceltis tatarinowi Maxim. were treated with different concentrations of colchicine solution for different hours to figure out a proper method and obtain poly-ploids. [Result] The most effective induction was obtained by treatment with 0.6%-0.8% colchicine for 72 h with 34.2% mutation rate. Flow cytometry and chromosome observation of the stem apex growing point of P. tatarinowi Maxim. proved that the tetraploid plants were successful y obtained with chromosome number 2n=4x=36. [Conclusion] The result not only fil s the blank of polyploid breeding of P. tatarinowi , but also provides an effective way to broaden the methods of cultivation of fast-growing, high-quality, disease-resilience, new varieties of Pteroceltis.
Butterfly-valve inductive orientation detector
Garrett, Steven
1980-04-01
Relative changes of inductance ΔL/L of a single layer coil surrounding a thin electrically conducting disk which can rotate about an axis perpendicular to the coil axis are studied experimentally as a means of measuring angular displacements. ΔL/L is found to be a strong function of disk diameter and is weakly dependent on the ratio of disk thickness to electromagnetic skin depth when this ratio is of the order unity. Values of ΔL/L as a function of disk diameter are given for lead, brass and copper. Detection sensitivities using a resonant tank circuit or an astatic transformer are given in terms of ΔL/L and it is shown that sensitivities of the order of 10-3 to 10-4 deg are practical. Application of this system to the Rayleigh disk and cryogenic environments are emphasized and an expression for the magnetic torque due to detection currents is given.
Pulsed current transformer for low inductive loads
Zielinski, Alex; Jamison, Keith; Bennett, John
1987-10-01
At the US Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (ARDEC), an effort was undertaken to couple an array of five capacitor banks to a low inductance load. To achieve currents which exceed the limit placed on the capacitor banks, pulse current transformers were used. This power system, termed CAPSTAR, was ultimately used to electromagnetically stress a round bore composite railgun barrel section. A mathematical model has been developed to simulate a capacitor power supply driving a pulse transformer with various secondary loads. The model was first tested by comparison to experimental results using a subscale pulse transformer. The calculated data points were in good agreement with the experiment. Minor adjustments to some circuit parameters to account for the transitory behavior of the circuit are described.
Induction of genetic variability in oat
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jefferson Luis Meirelles Coimbra
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Genetic variability in plants can be maximized through techniques of induction to make selection of genotypeswith improved adaptation to cultivation conditions possible. For oat, these techniques are important for a sustainabledevelopment through plant breeding programs in southern Brazil. The effects of mutagens (one physical: 60Co gamma raysand two chemical agents: ethyl - methanesulfonate and methyl-methanesulfonate were compared in the segregating M2 andM3 generations derived from artificial hybridization and induced mutation to compare mechanisms of widening the geneticvariability of oat. The methodologies increased the genetic variability in the trait vegetative cycle effectively, by either increasingor reducing the number of days from emergence to full heading; both can be applied in oat breeding programs.
Helical chirality induction of expanded porphyrin analogues
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Jun-Ichiro Setsune
2012-11-01
Expanded porphyrin analogues with unique figure-eight conformation were prepared by way of useful pyrrole intermediates such as bis(azafulvene)s and 2-borylpyrrole. Supramolecular chirogenesis of cyclooctapyrrole O1 with 32-cycloconjugation was successfully applied to determine absolute configuration of chiral carboxylic acids. Dinuclear CuII complex of cyclooctapyrrole O2 with interrupted -conjugation was resolved by HPLC into enantiomers and their helical handedness was determined by theoretical simulation of their CD spectral pattern. Enantioselective induction of helicity in the metal helicate formation in the presence of a chiral promoter was demonstrated by using ()-(+)-1-(1-phenyl)ethylamine that favoured , helicity. Dinuclear CoII complexes of cyclotetrapyrroletetrapyridine O3 were found to be substitution labile and pick up amino acid anions in water. Those amino acid complexes of O3Co2 were rendered to adopt a particular unidirectional helical conformation preferentially depending on the ligated amino acid anion.
Penetrating power of resonant electromagnetic induction imaging
Guilizzoni, Roberta; Watson, Joseph C.; Bartlett, Paul; Renzoni, Ferruccio
2016-09-01
The possibility of revealing the presence and identifying the nature of conductive targets is of central interest in many fields, including security, medicine, industry, archaeology and geophysics. In many applications, these targets are shielded by external materials and thus cannot be directly accessed. Hence, interrogation techniques are required that allow penetration through the shielding materials, in order for the target to be identified. Electromagnetic interrogation techniques represent a powerful solution to this challenge, as they enable penetration through conductive shields. In this work, we demonstrate the power of resonant electromagnetic induction imaging to penetrate through metallic shields (1.5-mm-thick) and image targets (having conductivities σ ranging from 0.54 to 59.77 MSm-1) concealed behind them.
Brief mindfulness induction reduces inattentional blindness.
Schofield, Timothy P; Creswell, J David; Denson, Thomas F
2015-12-01
Prior research has linked mindfulness to improvements in attention, and suggested that the effects of mindfulness are particularly pronounced when individuals are cognitively depleted or stressed. Yet, no studies have tested whether mindfulness improves declarative awareness of unexpected stimuli in goal-directed tasks. Participants (N=794) were either depleted (or not) and subsequently underwent a brief mindfulness induction (or not). They then completed an inattentional blindness task during which an unexpected distractor appeared on the computer monitor. This task was used to assess declarative conscious awareness of the unexpected distractor's presence and the extent to which its perceptual properties were encoded. Mindfulness increased awareness of the unexpected distractor (i.e., reduced rates of inattentional blindness). Contrary to predictions, no mindfulness×depletion interaction emerged. Depletion however, increased perceptual encoding of the distractor. These results suggest that mindfulness may foster awareness of unexpected stimuli (i.e., reduce inattentional blindness).
Induction and Deduction in Baysian Data Analysis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrew Gelman
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The classical or frequentist approach to statistics (in which inference is centered on significance testing, is associated with a philosophy in which science is deductive and follows Popperis doctrine of falsification. In contrast, Bayesian inference is commonly associated with inductive reasoning and the idea that a model can be dethroned by a competing model but can never be directly falsified by a significance test. The purpose of this article is to break these associations, which I think are incorrect and have been detrimental to statistical practice, in that they have steered falsificationists away from the very useful tools of Bayesian inference and have discouraged Bayesians from checking the fit of their models. From my experience using and developing Bayesian methods in social and environmental science, I have found model checking and falsification to be central in the modeling process.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lu, Kaiyuan; Lei, Xiao; Blaabjerg, Frede
2013-01-01
The back EMF-based sensorless control method is very popular for permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs) in the medium- to high-speed operation range due to its simple structure. In this speed range, the accuracy of the estimated position is mainly affected by the inductance, which varies...... at different loading conditions due to saturation effects. In this paper, a new concept of using a constant artificial inductance to replace the actual varying machine inductance for position estimation is introduced. This facilitates greatly the analysis of the influence of inductance variation...
Biochanin A induction of sulfotransferases in rats.
Chen, Yue; Huang, Chaoqun; Zhou, Tianyan; Zhang, Shunfen; Chen, Guangping
2010-01-01
Biochanin A (BCA) is a dietary isoflavone present in red clover (Trifoliumn pretense) and many herbal products. BCA has been reported to have chemopreventive actions against various cancers including prostate, breast, colon cancer, and so on. Sulfotransferases are a family of phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, which are important for xenobiotic detoxification and regulation of biological signaling molecule biological activities. Sulfotransferase gene expressions are regulated by different hormones and xenobiotics. Improper regulation of sulfotransferases leads to improper functions of biological signaling molecules, which in turn can cause cancer or other diseases. BCA inhibits the enzyme activities of the phase I drug-metabolizing enzymes CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 in Chinese hamster ovary cells and induces the phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes UDP-glucuronosyltransferases in human prostate cancer cells. BCA induction of sulfotransferases has not been studied. This investigation evaluates the in vivo regulation of sulfotransferases at protein and mRNA levels in the liver and intestine of Sprague-Dawley rats treated with BCA (0, 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg/day) for 7 days. Our experimental results demonstrate for the first time that chronic BCA treatment can significantly induce the expression of rat sulfotransferase 1A1 (rSULT1A1, AST-IV), sulfotransferase 2A1 (rSULT2A1, STa), and rat estrogen sulfotransferase (rSULT1E1, EST) in rat liver and intestine. Our Western blot results are in good agreement with real-time RT-PCR data, suggesting that BCA induction of sulfotransferases occurs at the transcriptional level.
THE CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF MIDAZOLAM CO-INDUCTION TO PROPOFOL FOR INDUCTION IN GERIATRIC PATIENTS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kaushal
2014-10-01
Full Text Available : BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate whether a small dose of midazolam and lessening the propofol dosage could prevent the cardiovascular change at tracheal intubation for induction in geriatric patients. METHODS: ninety patients over 65 (ASA physical status 1, 2 scheduled for elective surgery received general anaesthesia with fentanyl and propofol or midazolam. Patients in group P (n= 45 were induced with 0.9% NaCl 0.03 ml /kg, propofol 1.2 mg/kg and fentanyl. Patients in group MP (n= 45 were induced with midazolam 0.03 mg/ kg, propofol 0.8 mg/kg and fentanyl. The time taken to reach loss of consciousness (LOC. After LOC 0.5 mg/kg of atracurium was given and tracheal intubation was performed. The mean blood pressure (MBP and heart rate (HR were recorded were induction as the base value, before intubation, immediately post intubation and 3 minutes after intubation. RESULT: compared with the base values, MBP at before intubation and # minutes after intubation was significantly decreased in group P and group MP (P <0.05. compared with group P, the decrease of MBP was significantly less at before intubation, immediately after intubation and 3 minutes after intubation in group MP (P<0.05. The time taken to reach LOC was significantly decreased in group MP compared with that in group P (P<0.05. There was no significant difference of HR at any time between the two groups. CONCLUSION: co-induction with midazolam and propofol could prevent a marked BP decrease at tracheal intubation for induction in geriatric patients.
A Factor Analytic Study of Inductive Reasoning Tests.
Ross, G. Robert
A set of eight widely used inductive reasoning tests were investigated to determine whether or not they have different factorial structures. The eight inductive tests and three deductive tests, taken from the French Kit of Reference Tests for Cognitive Factors and the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, were administered to 157 high school…
Stakeholder Informed Non-Traditional Student Induction: A Balanced Approach
Soontiens, Werner; Kerr, Rosemary; Ang, Grace; Scully, Glennda
2016-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to consider the evolution of a tailored university induction program over time to establish the change in the nature and content of the program. Design/ Methodology/Approach: The induction program is pitched against the conceptual backdrop of academic norms and conventions, language, integration and the role…
32 CFR 154.15 - Military appointment, enlistment, and induction.
2010-07-01
... active duty of any officer or enlisted regular/reserve military retiree or Individual Ready Reserve who... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military appointment, enlistment, and induction... Requirements § 154.15 Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (a) General. The appointment,...
14 CFR 121.283 - Induction system ice prevention.
2010-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Induction system ice prevention. 121.283 Section 121.283 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... Induction system ice prevention. A means for preventing the malfunctioning of each engine due to...
14 CFR 125.181 - Induction system ice prevention.
2010-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Induction system ice prevention. 125.181 Section 125.181 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... Requirements § 125.181 Induction system ice prevention. A means for preventing the malfunctioning of...
Causal Relations and Feature Similarity in Children's Inductive Reasoning
Hayes, Brett K.; Thompson, Susan P.
2007-01-01
Four experiments examined the development of property induction on the basis of causal relations. In the first 2 studies, 5-year-olds, 8-year-olds, and adults were presented with triads in which a target instance was equally similar to 2 inductive bases but shared a causal antecedent feature with 1 of them. All 3 age groups used causal relations…
Differential Involvement of Left Prefrontal Cortexin Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Goel, Vinod; Dolan, Raymond J.
2004-01-01
While inductive and deductive reasoning are considered distinct logical and psychological processes, little is known about their respective neural basis. To address this issue we scanned 16 subjects with fMRI, using an event-related design, while they engaged in inductive and deductive reasoning tasks. Both types of reasoning were characterized by…
Induction heating of mastic containing conductive fibers and fillers
García, Á.; Schlangen, E.; Ven, M. van de; Vliet, D. van
2011-01-01
The objective of this research is to examine the induction heating of mastic through the addition of electrically conductive fillers and fibers (graphite and steel wool), and to prove that this material can be healed with induction energy. The effect of fibers content, sand-bitumen ratio and the com
Induction heating of mastic containing conductive fibers and fillers
García, Á.; Schlangen, E.; Van de Ven, M.; Van Vliet, D.
The objective of this research is to examine the induction heating of mastic through the addition of electrically conductive fillers and fibers (graphite and steel wool), and to prove that this material can be healed with induction energy. The effect of fibers content, sand–bitumen ratio and the com
LTP Induction Modifies Functional Relationship among Hippocampal Neurons
Yun, Sung H.; Lee, Deok S.; Lee, Hyunjung; Baeg, Eun H.; Kim, Yun B.; Jung, Min W.
2007-01-01
To obtain evidence linking long-term potentiation (LTP) and memory, we examined whether LTP induction modifies functional relationship among neurons in the rat hippocampus. In contrast to neurons in low-frequency stimulated or AP5-treated slices, LTP induction altered "functional connectivity," as defined by the degree of synchronous firing, among…
Robust Speed and Parameter Estimation in Induction Motors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Børsting, H.; Vadstrup, P.
1995-01-01
This paper presents a Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS) for the estimation of the induction motor speed, based on measured terminal voltages and currents.......This paper presents a Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS) for the estimation of the induction motor speed, based on measured terminal voltages and currents....
Induction Motor Speed Estimation by Using Spectral Current Analysis
2009-01-01
An interesting application for the FFT analysis is related to the induction motor speed estimation based on spectral current analysis. The paper presents the possibility of induction motor speed estimation by using the current harmonics generated because of the rotor slots and of the eccentricity.
Low-Inductance Wiring For Parallel Switching Transistors
Veatch, M. S.; Landis, D. M.
1990-01-01
Simple configuration for wiring of multiple parallel-connected switching transistors minimizes stray wiring inductance while providing for use of balancing transformers, which equalize currents in transistors. Currents balanced on twisted pairs of wires. Because twisted pairs carry both "hot-side" and return currents, this configuration has relatively low inductance.
Module Eight: Induction; Basic Electricity and Electronics Individualized Learning System.
Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.
The module covers in greater depth electromagnetic induction, its effects, and how it is used to advantage in electrical circuits; and the physical components, called inductors, designed to take advantage of the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction. This module is divided into four lessons: electromagnetism; inductors and flux density, inducing…
Determination of the Self-Inductance of a Metal Ring.
Mak, S. Y.; Young, K.
1986-01-01
Describes a simple method for determining self-inductance of non-ferromagnetic rings. Suggests fitting the ring with an auxiliary coil and using a solenoid driven with a known frequency alternating current. Amplitude change and phase shift can be measured and used to calculate inductance. Material list, calculations, and sample results are given.…
[Inductance transducers for borderline localization of metallic foreign bodies].
Pudov, V I; Reutov, Iu Ia; Korotkikh, S A
1996-01-01
The paper outlines the advantages and disadvantages of a ferroprobe inductance transducer used in the borderline localization of a foreign ferromagnetic body. To eliminate the ferroprobe transducer-inherent disadvantages, a whirl-current inductance transducer has been developed. The transducer localizes a foreign nonferromagnetic and ferromagnetic body in its borderline localization in the eye and in the whole body.
INDUCTION OF DECISION TREES BASED ON A FUZZY NEURAL NETWORK
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Tang Bin; Hu Guangrui; Mao Xiaoquan
2002-01-01
Based on a fuzzy neural network, the letter presents an approach for the induction of decision trees. The approach makes use of the weights of fuzzy mappings in the fuzzy neural network which has been trained. It can realize the optimization of fuzzy decision trees by branch cutting, and improve the ratio of correctness and efficiency of the induction of decision trees.
Recent Declines in Induction of Labor by Gestational Age
... Hispanic origin. Rates for non-Hispanic white women decreased 6%â€“11% for all three gestational weeks. ... Individual live birth in a singleton (one fetus) pregnancy. Singleton induction rate : Number of labor inductions for singleton births per ...
Dynamics of 'abc' and 'qd' constant parameters induction generator model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Fajardo-R, L.A.; Medina, A.; Iov, F.
2009-01-01
In this paper, parametric sensibility effects on dynamics of the induction generator in the presence of local perturbations are investigated. The study is conducted in a 3x2 MW wind park dealing with abc, qd0 and qd reduced order, induction generator model respectively, and with fluxes as state v...
The Relationship between Mathematical Induction, Proposition Functions, and Implication Functions
Andrew, Lane
2010-01-01
In this study, I explored the relationship between mathematical induction ability and proposition and implication functions through a mixed methods approach. Students from three universities (N = 78) and 6 classrooms completed a written assessment testing their conceptual and procedural capabilities with induction and functions. In addition, I…
The False Coin Problem, Mathematical Induction and Knowledge Fragility.
Movshovitz-Hadar, Nitsa
1993-01-01
Shows fragility of knowledge in connection with a false application of mathematical induction, as observed in a problem-solving course for prospective teachers. The attempt to explain the observations is based upon an analysis of the logic underlying proof by mathematical induction and a concept formation theory. (MKR)
Mathematical Induction and Recursive Definition in Teaching Training
Vármonostory, Endre
2009-01-01
The method of proof by mathematical induction follows from Peano axiom 5. We give three properties which are often used in the proofs by mathematical induction. We show that these are equivalent. Supposing the well-ordering property we prove the validity of this method without using Peano axiom 5. Finally, we introduce the simplest form of…
A Literature Review of Pedagogical Research on Mathematical Induction
Michaelson, Matthew T.
2008-01-01
Many students experience considerable difficulties when they learn and then attempt to construct and communicate proofs of conjectures using the principle of mathematical induction. Although research on the pedagogy of mathematical induction has gained only occasional attention since the 1970s, there has been an increasing interest in this field…
Mathematics Induction in School; An Illusion of Rigor.
Lowenthal, Francis; Eisenberg, Theodore
1992-01-01
Discusses the mathematical, philosophical, and pedagogical problems in the theorem of mathematical induction. Argues that mathematical induction is a meta-theorem, that is a theorem within a theorem, whose pitfalls and illusions of rigor should be discussed before implementation into the school curriculum. (MDH)
The Use of Models in Teaching Proof by Mathematical Induction
Ron, Gila; Dreyfus, Tommy
2004-01-01
Proof by mathematical induction is known to be conceptually difficult for high school students. This paper presents results from interviews with six experienced high school teachers, concerning the use of models in teaching mathematical induction. Along with creative and adequate use of models, we found explanations, models and examples that…
Characterizing Inductive and Capacitive Nonlinear RLC Circuits : A Passivity Test
García-Canseco, Eloísa; Jeltsema, Dimitri; Ortega, Romeo; Scherpen, Jacquelien M.A.
2004-01-01
Linear time-invariant RLC circuits are said to be inductive (capacitive) if the current waveform in sinusoidal steady-state has a negative (resp., positive) phase shift with respect to the voltage. Furthermore, it is known that the circuit is inductive (capacitive) if and only if the magnetic energy
Sonographic assessment of the cervical length before induction of labor
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ibrahim A Abdelazim; Mohannad Lutfi Abu faza
2012-01-01
Objective:To compare the cervical length measured by TVS with modified Bishop’s score for cervical assessment before induction of labor. Methods:One hundred and twenty women in their first pregnancy were admitted for induction of labor. Digital vaginal examination was done to record the modified Bishop’s score, followed by TVS to detect the cervical length. The method of induction of labor was decided after the initial vaginal examination, when the modified Bishop’s score was evaluated. Dinoprostone pessary was used for labor induction if the Bishop score was5. Conclusions:Both methods of cervical assessment (cervical length measured by TVS, and modified Bishop’s score) were significantly associated with successful induction.
Induction and direct resistance heating theory and numerical modeling
Lupi, Sergio; Aliferov, Aleksandr
2015-01-01
This book offers broad, detailed coverage of theoretical developments in induction and direct resistance heating and presents new material on the solution of problems in the application of such heating. The physical basis of induction and conduction heating processes is explained, and electromagnetic phenomena in direct resistance and induction heating of flat workpieces and cylindrical bodies are examined in depth. The calculation of electrical and energetic characteristics of induction and conduction heating systems is then thoroughly reviewed. The final two chapters consider analytical solutions and numerical modeling of problems in the application of induction and direct resistance heating, providing industrial engineers with the knowledge needed in order to use numerical tools in the modern design of installations. Other engineers, scientists, and technologists will find the book to be an invaluable reference that will assist in the efficient utilization of electrical energy.
DESIGN OF A 500W RESONANT INDUCTION HEATER
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bekir Sami SAZAK
1999-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper a complete design procedure for a 500W induction heating system is given. An induction heating system basically consists of a coil and a DC/AC inverter. The use of a single switch resonant inverter, which is operated with Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM, allows the switching device to turn off under zero current conditions, therefore switching losses are much reduced. This inverter system transforms the DC into AC for the induction heater coil. The proposed coil design method is applicable to a load of any shape so long as the coil surrounds the workpiece. The basis of this method of coil design is the reduction of the induction heater coil and workpiece to their equivalent resistance and inductance.
Strong induction effects during the substorm on 27 August 2001
Mishin, V. V.; Mishin, V. M.; Lunyushkin, S. B.; Pu, Z.; Wang, C.
2015-10-01
We report on strong induction effects notably contributing to the cross polar cap potential drop and the energy balance during the growth and active phases of the substorm on 27 August 2001. The inductance of the magnetosphere is found to be crucial for the energy balance and electrical features of the magnetosphere in the course of the substorm. The inductive response to the switching on and off of the solar wind-magnetosphere generator exceeds the effect of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) variation. The induction effects are most apparent during the substorm expansion onset when the rapid growth of the ionospheric conductivity is accompanied by the fast release of the magnetic energy stored in the magnetotail during the growth phase. Using the magnetogram inversion technique, we estimated the magnetospheric inductance and effective ionospheric conductivity during the loading and unloading phases.
Knowledge, expectations, and inductive reasoning within conceptual hierarchies.
Coley, John D; Hayes, Brett; Lawson, Christopher; Moloney, Michelle
2004-01-01
Previous research (e.g. Cognition 64 (1997) 73) suggests that the privileged level for inductive inference in a folk biological conceptual hierarchy does not correspond to the "basic" level (i.e. the level at which concepts are both informative and distinct). To further explore inductive inference within conceptual hierarchies, we examine relations between knowledge of concepts at different hierarchical levels, expectations about conceptual coherence, and inductive inference. In Experiments 1 and 2, 5- and 8-year-olds and adults listed features of living kind (Experiments 1 and 2) and artifact (Experiment 2) concepts at different hierarchical levels (e.g. plant, tree, oak, desert oak), and also rated the strength of generalizations to the same concepts. For living kinds, the level that showed a relative advantage on these two tasks differed; the greatest increase in features listed tended to occur at the life-form level (e.g. tree), whereas the greatest increase in inductive strength tended to occur at the folk-generic level (e.g. oak). Knowledge and induction also showed different developmental trajectories. For artifact concepts, the levels at which the greatest gains in knowledge and induction occurred were more varied, and corresponded more closely across tasks. In Experiment 3, adults reported beliefs about within-category similarity for concepts at different levels of animal, plant and artifact hierarchies, and rated inductive strength as before. For living kind concepts, expectations about category coherence predicted patterns of inductions; knowledge did not. For artifact concepts, both knowledge and expectations predicted patterns of induction. Results suggest that beliefs about conceptual coherence play an important role in guiding inductive inference, that this role may be largely independent of specific knowledge of concepts, and that such beliefs are especially important in reasoning about living kinds.
The myth of induction in qualitative nursing research.
Bergdahl, Elisabeth; Berterö, Carina M
2015-04-01
In nursing today, it remains unclear what constitutes a good foundation for qualitative scientific inquiry. There is a tendency to define qualitative research as a form of inductive inquiry; deductive practice is seldom discussed, and when it is, this usually occurs in the context of data analysis. We will look at how the terms 'induction' and 'deduction' are used in qualitative nursing science and by qualitative research theorists, and relate these uses to the traditional definitions of these terms by Popper and other philosophers of science. We will also question the assertion that qualitative research is or should be inductive. The position we defend here is that qualitative research should use deductive methods. We also see a need to understand the difference between the creative process needed to create theory and the justification of a theory. Our position is that misunderstandings regarding the philosophy of science and the role of inductive and deductive logic and science are still harming the development of nursing theory and science. The purpose of this article is to discuss and reflect upon inductive and deductive views of science as well as inductive and deductive analyses in qualitative research. We start by describing inductive and deductive methods and logic from a philosophy of science perspective, and we examine how the concepts of induction and deduction are often described and used in qualitative methods and nursing research. Finally, we attempt to provide a theoretical perspective that reconciles the misunderstandings regarding induction and deduction. Our conclusion is that openness towards deductive thinking and testing hypotheses is needed in qualitative nursing research. We must also realize that strict induction will not create theory; to generate theory, a creative leap is needed.
The gravitational analog of Faraday's induction law
Zile, Daniel; Overduin, James
2015-04-01
Michael Faraday, the discoverer of electromagnetic induction, was convinced that there must also be a gravitational analog of this law, and he carried out drop-tower experiments in 1849 to look for the electric current induced in a coil by changes in gravitational flux through the coil. This work, now little remembered, was in some ways the first investigation of what we would now call a unified-field theory. We revisit Faraday's experiments in the light of current knowledge and ask what might be learned if they were to be performed today. We then review the gravitational analog for Faraday's law that arises within the vector (or gravito-electromagnetic) approximation to Einstein's theory of general relativity in the weak-field, low-velocity limit. This law relates spinning masses and induced ``mass currents'' rather than spinning charges and electric currents, but is otherwise remarkably similar to its electromagnetic counterpart. The predicted effects are completely unobservable in everyday settings like those envisioned by Faraday, but are thought to be relevant in astrophysical contexts like the accretion disks around collapsed stars, thus bearing out Faraday's remarkable intuition. Undergraduate student.
Induction of homochirality in achiral enantiomorphous monolayers.
Parschau, Manfred; Romer, Sara; Ernst, Karl-Heinz
2004-12-01
We report the induction of homochirality in enantiomorphous layers of achiral succinic acid on a Cu(110) surface after doping with tartaric acid (TA) enantiomers. Succinic acid becomes chiral upon adsorption due to symmetry-breaking interactions with the Cu(110) surface. The doubly deprotonated bisuccinate forms mirror domains on the surface, which leads to a superposition of (11,-90) and (90,-11) patterns observed by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). On average, however, the surface layer is racemic. An amount of 2 mol % of (R,R)- or (S,S)-tartaric acid in the monolayer, corresponding to an absolute coverage of 0.001 tartaric acid molecule per surface copper atom, is sufficient to make the LEED spots of one enantiomorphous lattice disappear. After thermally induced desorption of TA, the succinic acid lattice turns racemic again. In analogy to the "sergeants-and-soldiers" principle described for helical polymers, this effect is explained by a lateral cooperative interaction within the two-dimensional lattice.
Senescence induction; a possible cancer therapy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kondoh Hiroshi
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Cellular immortalization is a crucial step during the development of human cancer. Primary mammalian cells reach replicative exhaustion after several passages in vitro, a process called replicative senescence. During such a state of permanent growth arrest, senescent cells are refractory to physiological proliferation stimuli: they have altered cell morphology and gene expression patterns, although they remain viable with preserved metabolic activity. Interestingly, senescent cells have also been detected in vivo in human tumors, particularly in benign lesions. Senescence is a mechanism that limits cellular lifespan and constitutes a barrier against cellular immortalization. During immortalization, cells acquire genetic alterations that override senescence. Tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes are closely involved in senescence, as their knockdown and ectopic expression confer immortality and senescence induction, respectively. By using high throughput genetic screening to search for genes involved in senescence, several candidate oncogenes and putative tumor suppressor genes have been recently isolated, including subtypes of micro-RNAs. These findings offer new perspectives in the modulation of senescence and open new approaches for cancer therapy.
Heterochronic bilateral ectopic pregnancy after ovulation induction.
Zhu, Bo; Xu, Gu-feng; Liu, Yi-feng; Qu, Fan; Yao, Wei-miao; Zhu, Yi-min; Gao, Hui-juan; Zhang, Dan
2014-08-01
Ectopic pregnancy is identified with the widely-applied assisted reproductive technology (ART). Bilateral ectopic pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy which is difficult to be diagnosed at the pre-operation stage. In this paper, we presented an unusual case of heterochronic bilateral ectopic pregnancy after stimulated intrauterine insemination (IUI), where there has been a delay of 22 d between the diagnoses of the two ectopic pregnancies. Literature was reviewed on the occurrence of bilateral ectopic pregnancy during the past four years in the MEDLINE database. We found 16 cases of bilateral ectopic pregnancy reported since 2008, and analyzed the characteristics of those cases of bilateral ectopic pregnancy. We emphasize that ovulation induction and other ARTs may increase the risk of bilateral ectopic pregnancy. Because of the difficulty in identification of bilateral ectopic pregnancy by ultrasonography, the clinician should be aware that the treatment of one ectopic pregnancy does not preclude the occurrence of a second ectopic pregnancy in the same patient and should pay attention to the intra-operation inspection of both side fallopian tubes in any ectopic pregnancy case.
A Model of Inductive Bias Learning
Baxter, J
2011-01-01
A major problem in machine learning is that of inductive bias: how to choose a learner's hypothesis space so that it is large enough to contain a solution to the problem being learnt, yet small enough to ensure reliable generalization from reasonably-sized training sets. Typically such bias is supplied by hand through the skill and insights of experts. In this paper a model for automatically learning bias is investigated. The central assumption of the model is that the learner is embedded within an environment of related learning tasks. Within such an environment the learner can sample from multiple tasks, and hence it can search for a hypothesis space that contains good solutions to many of the problems in the environment. Under certain restrictions on the set of all hypothesis spaces available to the learner, we show that a hypothesis space that performs well on a sufficiently large number of training tasks will also perform well when learning novel tasks in the same environment. Explicit bounds are also de...
Optical Magnetic Induction Tomography of the Heart
Marmugi, Luca; Renzoni, Ferruccio
2016-04-01
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) affects a significant fraction of the ageing population, causing a high level of morbidity and mortality. Despite its significance, the causes of AF are still not uniquely identified. This, combined with the lack of precise diagnostic and guiding tools, makes the clinical treatment of AF sub-optimal. We identify magnetic induction tomography as the most promising technique for the investigation of the causes of fibrillation and for its clinical practice. We therefore propose a novel optical instrument based on optical atomic magnetometers, fulfilling the requirements for diagnostic mapping of the heart’s conductivity. The feasibility of the device is here discussed in view of the final application. Thanks to the potential of atomic magnetometers for miniaturisation and extreme sensitivity at room temperature, a new generation of compact and non-invasive diagnostic instrumentation, with both bedside and intra-operative operation capability, is envisioned. Possible scenarios both in clinical practice and biomedical research are then discussed. The flexibility of the system makes it promising also for application in other fields, such as neurology and oncology.
University Students' Understanding of Electromagnetic Induction
Guisasola, Jenaro; Almudi, Jose M.; Zuza, Kristina
2013-11-01
This study examined engineering and physical science students' understanding of the electromagnetic induction (EMI) phenomena. It is assumed that significant knowledge of the EMI theory is a basic prerequisite when students have to think about electromagnetic phenomena. To analyse students' conceptions, we have taken into account the fact that individuals build mental representations to help them understand how a physical system works. Individuals use these representations to explain reality, depending on the context and the contents involved. Therefore, we have designed a questionnaire with an emphasis on explanations and an interview, so as to analyse students' reasoning. We found that most of the students failed to distinguish between macroscopic levels described in terms of fields and microscopic levels described in terms of the actions of fields. It is concluded that although the questionnaire and interviews involved a limited range of phenomena, the identified explanations fall into three main categories that can provide information for curriculum development by identifying the strengths and weaknesses of students' conceptions.
Hitting the mucosal road in tolerance induction.
Wiedermann, Ursula
2009-01-01
Within the last decades a dramatic increase in allergic diseases has been recognized in the Westernized societies, leading to the fact that meanwhile 25-30% of the population is afflicted by allergic disorders. Besides a hereditary disposition, other factors, including a reduced microbial contact early in life or changes in nutrition, might also have influenced this epidemiological development. So far the only causative treatment against type-I allergies is specific immunotherapy. In young and monosensitized patients this treatment is highly efficacious, while there are clear limitations in older or multisensitized patients. Allergy research therefore aims at establishing new and more efficacious treatment strategies in prophylactic as well as therapeutic settings. Our research programs focus on the development of novel allergy vaccines based on the induction of mucosal tolerance. In different mouse models of respiratory allergy mucosal treatment with genetically engineered allergen constructs proved to prevent the development of allergic mono- and multisensitivities. The additional use of mucosal adjuvants seems particularly important to improve therapeutic treatment approaches. Recent studies on the inverse relation of certain parasite infections and the development of allergy prompted us to search for selected parasitic molecules with immunosuppressive properties as potential adjuvant systems for novel allergy vaccines. An overview of our recent studies will be given.
Massless particles, electromagnetism, and Rieffel induction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Landsman, N.P. [ed.] [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Wiedemann, U.A. [ed.] [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
1994-06-01
The connection between space-time covariant representations (obtained by inducing from the Lorentz group) and irreducible unitary representations (induced from Wigner`s little group) of the Poincare groups is re-examined in the massless case. In the situation relevant to physics, it is found that these are related by Marsden-Weinstein reduction with respect to a gauge group. An analogous phenomenon is observed for classical massless relativistic particles. This symplectic reduction procedure can be (`second`) quantized using a generalization of the Rieffel induction technique in operator algebra theory, which is carried through in detail for electromagnetism. Starting from the so-called Fermi representation of the field algebra generated by the free abelian gauge field, we construct a new (`rigged`) sesquilinear form on the representation space, which is positive semi-definite, and given in terms of a Gaussian weak distribution (promeasure) on the gauge group (taken to be a Hilbert Lie group). This eventually constructs the algebra of observables of quantum electromagnetism (directly in its vacuum representation) as a representation of the so-called algebra of weak observables induced by the trivial representation of the gauge group. (orig.)
Probing the tumor microenvironment: collection and induction
Williams, James K.; Padgen, Michael R.; Wang, Yarong; Entenberg, David; Gertler, Frank; Condeelis, John S.; Castracane, James
2012-03-01
The Nano Intravital Device, or NANIVID, is under development as an optically transparent, implantable tool to study the tumor microenvironment. Two etched glass substrates are sealed using a thin polymer membrane to create a reservoir with a single outlet. This reservoir is loaded with a hydrogel blend that contains growth factors or other chemicals to be delivered to the tumor microenvironment. When the device is implanted in the tumor, the hydrogel will swell and release these entrapped molecules, forming a gradient. Validation of the device has been performed in vitro using epidermal growth factor (EGF) and MenaINV, a highly invasive, rat mammary adenocarcinoma cell line. In both 2-D and 3-D environments, cells migrated toward the gradient of EGF released from the device. The chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of White Leghorn chicken eggs is being utilized to grow xenograft tumors that will be used for ex vivo cell collection. Device optimization is being performed for in vivo use as a tool to collect the invasive cell population. Preliminary cell collection experiments in vivo were performed using a mouse model of breast cancer. As a second application, the device is being explored as a delivery vehicle for chemicals that induce controlled changes in the tumor microenvironment. H2O2 was loaded in the device and generated intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells near the device outlet. In the future, other induction targets will be explored, including hypoglycemia and the manipulation of extracellular matrix stiffness.
Environmental Induction of Polyembryony in Echinoid Echinoderms.
Allen, Jonathan D; Armstrong, Anne Frances; Ziegler, Shelby L
2015-12-01
Polyembryony, or the production of multiple offspring from a single zygote, is a widespread phenomenon in the animal kingdom. Various types of polyembryony have been described in arthropods, bryozoans, chordates, cnidarians, echinoderms, and platyhelminthes. We describe the induction of polyembryony in embryos of the sand dollar Echinarachnius parma and the pencil urchin Eucidaris tribuloides in response to elevated temperature and reduced salinity. Data on the environmental variation in temperature and salinity that normally occurs during the spawning season, combined with the range of laboratory conditions over which polyembryony was induced, suggest that polyembryony may occur frequently in these species under natural conditions. We tested an additional two species of echinoids for similar responses, but found little evidence for polyembryony in the green urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis or the variegated urchin Lytechinus variegatus, suggesting that polyembryony is not a universal response of echinoids to fluctuations in temperature and salinity. The unexpected developmental changes that we observed in response to present-day fluctuations in temperature and salinity suggest that ongoing and future environmental shifts may drive substantial changes in marine invertebrate developmental patterns, and that these changes will be different across taxa.
Induction of Labor Using Misoprostol With or Without Mifepristone in Intrauterine Deat
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ajay Agrawal
2014-06-01
Conclusions: Pretreatment with mifepristone before induction of labor following late intrauterine fetal death is an effective and safe regimen. It appears to shorten the duration of induction to onset of labor. Keywords: induction of labor; intrauterine fetal death; mifepristone; misoprostol.
Thrust Stand Measurements of a Conical Inductive Pulsed Plasma Thruster
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.
2013-01-01
Inductive Pulsed Plasma Thrusters (iPPT) spacecraft propulsion devices in which electrical energy is capacitively stored and then discharged through an inductive coil. The thruster is electrodeless, with a time-varying current in the coil interacting with a plasma covering the face of the coil to induce a plasma current Propellant is accelerated and expelled at a high exhaust velocity (O(10 -- 100 km/s)) by the Lorentz body force arising from the interaction of the magnetic field and the induced plasma current. While this class of thruster mitigates the life-limiting issues associated with electrode erosion, inductive pulsed plasma thrusters can suffer from both high pulse energy requirements imposed by the voltage demands of inductive propellant ionization, and low propellant utilization efficiencies. While this class of thruster mitigates the life-limiting issues associated with electrode erosion, inductive pulsed plasma thrusters can suffer from both high pulse energy requirements imposed by the voltage demands of inductive propellant ionization, and low propellant utilization efficiencies. A conical coil geometry may offer higher propellant utilization efficiency over that of a at inductive coil, however an increase in propellant utilization may be met with a decrease in axial electromagnetic acceleration, and in turn, a decrease in the total axially-directed kinetic energy imparted to the propellant.
Understanding beginning teacher induction: A contextualized examination of best practice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sean Kearney
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The problems that teachers face early in their careers are a major factor in growing rates of attrition among neophyte teachers. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, high rates of attrition, coupled with and aging teacher population in many countries in the developed world, may cause a teacher shortage crisis in coming years. Beginning teacher induction is an imperative process in acculturating teachers to their new careers and helping them overcome the hardships of teaching and the accreditation process. While induction practices have become more common in recent years, there are still no mandated structures for inducting teachers into the profession throughout Australia. This article reviews a number of international induction programs, which have been successful in supporting beginning teachers and curbing attrition rates, to emphasize why many programs are inadequate at meeting the needs of beginning teachers. The review proposes a definition for induction to better understand common misconceptions and highlights best practice induction as a way to retain quality teachers in the profession and help ameliorate conditions for beginning teachers. Finally, recommendations are made, specifically in the Australian context, which could help to improve induction practices to better acculturate neophyte teachers to their profession.
Thrust Stand Measurements of a Conical Pulsed Inductive Plasma Thruster
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.; Emsellem, Gregory D.
2012-01-01
Pulsed inductive plasma thrusters [1-3] are spacecraft propulsion devices in which electrical energy is capacitively stored and then discharged through an inductive coil. The thruster is electrodeless, with a time-varying current in the coil interacting with a plasma covering the face of the coil to induce a plasma current. Propellant is accelerated and expelled at a high exhaust velocity (O(10-100 km/s)) by the Lorentz body force arising from the interaction of the magnetic field and the induced plasma current. While this class of thruster mitigates the life-limiting issues associated with electrode erosion, pulsed inductive plasma thrusters can su er from both high pulse energy requirements imposed by the voltage demands of inductive propellant ionization, and low propellant utilization efficiencies. The Microwave Assisted Discharge Inductive Plasma Accelerator (MAD-IPA)[4], shown in Fig. 1 is a pulsed inductive plasma thruster that is able to operate at lower pulse energies by partially ionizing propellant with an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) discharge inside a conical inductive coil whose geometry serves to potentially increase propellant and plasma plume containment relative to at coil geometries. The ECR plasma is created with the use of permanent mag- nets arranged to produce a thin resonance region along the inner surface of the coil, restricting plasma formation and, in turn, current sheet formation to areas of high magnetic coupling to the driving coil.
Fully integrated wireless inductive tongue computer interface for disabled people.
Struijk, Lotte N S Andreasen; Lontis, Eugen Romulus; Bentsen, Bo; Christensen, Henrik Vie; Caltenco, Hector A; Lund, Morten Enemark
2009-01-01
This work describes a novel fully integrated inductive tongue computer interface for disabled people. The interface consists of an oral unit placed in the mouth, including inductive sensors, related electronics, a system for wireless transmission and a rechargeable battery. The system is activated using an activation unit placed on the tongue, and incorporates 18 inductive sensors, arranged in both a key area and a mouse-pad area. The system's functionality was demonstrated in a pilot experiment, where a typing rate of up to 70 characters/minute was obtained with an error rate of 3%. Future work will include tests with disabled subjects.
Control of power to an inductively heated part
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adkins, Douglas R. (1620 Adelita Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Frost, Charles A. (1039 Red Oaks Loop NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Kahle, Philip M. (528 Longwood Loop NE., Rio Rancho, NM 87124); Kelley, J. Bruce (13200 Blue Corn Maiden Trail NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112); Stanton, Suzanne L. (2805 Palo Alto NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)
1997-01-01
A process for induction hardening a part to a desired depth with an AC signal applied to the part from a closely coupled induction coil includes measuring the voltage of the AC signal at the coil and the current passing through the coil; and controlling the depth of hardening of the part from the measured voltage and current. The control system determines parameters of the part that are functions of applied voltage and current to the induction coil, and uses a neural network to control the application of the AC signal based on the detected functions for each part.
Equivalence Between Squirrel Cage and Sheet Rotor Induction Motor
Dwivedi, Ankita; Singh, S. K.; Srivastava, R. K.
2016-06-01
Due to topological changes in dual stator induction motor and high cost of its fabrication, it is convenient to replace the squirrel cage rotor with a composite sheet rotor. For an experimental machine, the inner and outer stator stampings are normally available whereas the procurement of rotor stampings is quite cumbersome and is not always cost effective. In this paper, the equivalence between sheet/solid rotor induction motor and squirrel cage induction motor has been investigated using layer theory of electrical machines, so as to enable one to utilize sheet/solid rotor in dual port experimental machines.
Theory-based Bayesian models of inductive learning and reasoning.
Tenenbaum, Joshua B; Griffiths, Thomas L; Kemp, Charles
2006-07-01
Inductive inference allows humans to make powerful generalizations from sparse data when learning about word meanings, unobserved properties, causal relationships, and many other aspects of the world. Traditional accounts of induction emphasize either the power of statistical learning, or the importance of strong constraints from structured domain knowledge, intuitive theories or schemas. We argue that both components are necessary to explain the nature, use and acquisition of human knowledge, and we introduce a theory-based Bayesian framework for modeling inductive learning and reasoning as statistical inferences over structured knowledge representations.
Induction - organisational renewal and the maintenance of status quo
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Elkjær, Bente; Sprogøe, Jonas
2010-01-01
Purpose: Induction is the process of newcomers entering and becoming part of an organization. In one sense newcomers represents an opportunity for organizations to learn and change, but in another sense newcomers are instigated into an existing institutional order. The purpose of this paper...... is to explore how induction of newcomers can be understood as both organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo, and to develop ways of describing this in terms of learning. Design/methodology/approach: The article is designed as a qualitative study of induction practices in two branches...
Reproducible and controllable induction voltage adder for scaled beam experiments
Sakai, Yasuo; Nakajima, Mitsuo; Horioka, Kazuhiko
2016-08-01
A reproducible and controllable induction adder was developed using solid-state switching devices and Finemet cores for scaled beam compression experiments. A gate controlled MOSFET circuit was developed for the controllable voltage driver. The MOSFET circuit drove the induction adder at low magnetization levels of the cores which enabled us to form reproducible modulation voltages with jitter less than 0.3 ns. Preliminary beam compression experiments indicated that the induction adder can improve the reproducibility of modulation voltages and advance the beam physics experiments.
Wireless Inductive Power Device Suppresses Blade Vibrations
Morrison, Carlos R.; Provenza, Andrew J.; Choi, Benjamin B.; Bakhle, Milind A.; Min, James B.; Stefko, George L.; Duffy, Kirsten P.; Fougers, Alan J.
2011-01-01
Vibration in turbomachinery can cause blade failures and leads to the use of heavier, thicker blades that result in lower aerodynamic efficiency and increased noise. Metal and/or composite fatigue in the blades of jet engines has resulted in blade destruction and loss of lives. Techniques for suppressing low-frequency blade vibration, such as gtuned circuit resistive dissipation of vibratory energy, h or simply "passive damping," can require electronics incorporating coils of unwieldy dimensions and adding unwanted weight to the rotor. Other approaches, using vibration-dampening devices or damping material, could add undesirable weight to the blades or hub, making them less efficient. A wireless inductive power device (WIPD) was designed, fabricated, and developed for use in the NASA Glenn's "Dynamic Spin Rig" (DSR) facility. The DSR is used to simulate the functionality of turbomachinery. The relatively small and lightweight device [10 lb (approx.=4.5 kg)] replaces the existing venerable and bulky slip-ring. The goal is the eventual integration of this technology into actual turbomachinery such as jet engines or electric power generators, wherein the device will facilitate the suppression of potentially destructive vibrations in fan blades. This technology obviates slip rings, which require cooling and can prove unreliable or be problematic over time. The WIPD consists of two parts: a remote element, which is positioned on the rotor and provides up to 100 W of electrical power to thin, lightweight piezoelectric patches strategically placed on/in fan blades; and a stationary base unit that wirelessly communicates with the remote unit. The base unit supplies inductive power, and also acts as an input and output corridor for wireless measurement, and active control command to the remote unit. Efficient engine operation necessitates minimal disturbance to the gas flow across the turbine blades in any effort to moderate blade vibration. This innovation makes it
Performance of an induction coil gun
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shokair, I.R.; Cowan, M.; Kaye, R.J.; Marder, B.M.
1993-10-01
Performance of an electromagnetic induction launcher is considered for three types of armatures. These are: Solid, 1-element wound and 16-element wound aluminum ar natures. The one element wound armature has uniform current density throughout. Because of the radial distribution of the current density, the wound armature can withstand field reversal (working against embedded flux in the armature) and still maintain low temperature. Slingshot simulations were performed, for several configurations. Best performance was obtained for a single element wound armature with two field reversals. For a 60 kg projectile, 10.5 cm coil inner radius and 5.5 cm coil build, the velocity after 50 meters of launcher length (670 stages) exceeded 3.5 km/sec with an overall efficiency of about 45%. For the same parameters the solid and 16-element wound armatures reach a velocity of about 3.3 km/sec after 800 stages (60 meters of launcher length) but without field reversal. A velocity of 3.5 km/sec is possible after 60 meters of launcher length with the 16-element wound armature with one field reversal, but the temperature is close to the melting temperature of aluminum. In all simulations with a solid armature, melting of some of the surface material occurs. However, it is shown that most of the melting occurs after contribution has been made to the forward going pressure, that is, melting does not affect the electrical performance of the launcher. The effect of coil firing tune jitter on launcher performance is also considered and is found to be very small for realistic perturbations. For {plus_minus}2 {mu}-secs random jitter, the reduction in the final velocity for a 60 meter launcher with a solid armature is less than 0.1% and the increase in temperature is only 2%. This result holds for all types of armatures.
Determinants of thiopental induction dose requirements.
Avram, M J; Sanghvi, R; Henthorn, T K; Krejcie, T C; Shanks, C A; Fragen, R J; Howard, K A; Kaczynski, D A
1993-01-01
Dose requirements for thiopental anesthetic induction have significant age- and gender-related variability. We studied the association of the patient characteristics age, gender, weight, lean body mass, and cardiac output with thiopental requirements. Doses of thiopental, infused at 150 mg/min, required to reach both a clinical end-point and an electroencephalographic (EEG) end-point were determined in 30 males and 30 females, aged 18-83 yr. Univariate least squares linear regression analysis revealed outliers in the relationships of age, weight, lean body mass, and cardiac output to thiopental dose at clinical and EEG endpoints. Differential weighting of data points minimized the effect of outliers in the construction of a robust multiple linear regression model of the relationship between several selected independent variables and the dependent variables thiopental dose at clinical and EEG endpoints. The multiple linear regression model for thiopental dose at the clinical end-point selecting the regressor variables age, weight, and gender (R2 = 0.76) was similar to that for age, lean body mass, and gender (R2 = 0.75). Thiopental dose at the EEG endpoint was better described by models selecting the variables age, weight, and cardiac output (R2 = 0.88) or age, lean body mass, and cardiac output (R2 = 0.87). Although cardiac output varied with age, age always remained a selected variable. Because weight and lean body mass differed with gender, their selection as variables in the model eliminated gender as a selected variable or minimized its importance.
Steady induction effects in geomagnetism. Part 1A: Steady motional induction of geomagnetic chaos
Voorhies, Coerte V.
1992-01-01
Geomagnetic effects of magnetic induction by hypothetically steady fluid motion and steady magnetic flux diffusion near the top of Earth's core are investigated using electromagnetic theory, simple magnetic earth models, and numerical experiments with geomagnetic field models. The problem of estimating a steady fluid velocity field near the top of Earth's core which induces the secular variation indicated by broad-scale models of the observed geomagnetic field is examined and solved. In Part 1, the steady surficial core flow estimation problem is solved in the context of the source-free mantle/frozen-flux core model. In the first paper (IA), the theory underlying such estimates is reviewed and some consequences of various kinematic and dynamic flow hypotheses are derived. For a frozen-flux core, fluid downwelling is required to change the mean square normal magnetic flux density averaged over the core-mantle boundary. For surficially geostrophic flow, downwelling implies poleward flow. The solution of the forward steady motional induction problem at the surface of a frozen-flux core is derived and found to be a fine, easily visualized example of deterministic chaos. Geomagnetic effects of statistically steady core surface flow may well dominate secular variation over several decades. Indeed, effects of persistent, if not steady, surficially geostrophic core flow are described which may help explain certain features of the present broad-scale geomagnetic field and perhaps paleomagnetic secular variation.
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.; Kimberlin, Adam C.; Perdue, Kevin A.
2012-01-01
Operational characteristics of two separate inductive thrusters with conical theta pinch coils of different cone angles are explored through thrust stand measurements and time- integrated, unfiltered photography. Trends in impulse bit measurements indicate that, in the present experimental configuration, the thruster with the inductive coil possessing a smaller cone angle produced larger values of thrust, in apparent contradiction to results of a previous thruster acceleration model. Areas of greater light intensity in photographs of thruster operation are assumed to qualitatively represent locations of increased current density. Light intensity is generally greater in images of the thruster with the smaller cone angle when compared to those of the thruster with the larger half cone angle for the same operating conditions. The intensity generally decreases in both thrusters for decreasing mass flow rate and capacitor voltage. The location of brightest light intensity shifts upstream for decreasing mass flow rate of propellant and downstream for decreasing applied voltage. Recognizing that there typically exists an optimum ratio of applied electric field to gas pressure with respect to breakdown efficiency, this result may indicate that the optimum ratio was not achieved uniformly over the coil face, leading to non-uniform and incomplete current sheet formation in violation of the model assumption of immediate formation where all the injected propellant is contained in a magnetically-impermeable current sheet.
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.; Kimberlin, Adam C.
2012-01-01
Operational characteristics of two separate inductive thrusters with coils of different cone angles are explored through thrust stand measurements and time-integrated, un- filtered photography. Trends in impulse bit measurements indicate that, in the present experimental configuration, the thruster with the inductive coil possessing a smaller cone angle produced larger values of thrust, in apparent contradiction to results of a previous thruster acceleration model. Areas of greater light intensity in photographs of thruster operation are assumed to qualitatively represent locations of increased current density. Light intensity is generally greater in images of the thruster with the smaller cone angle when compared to those of the thruster with the larger half cone angle for the same operating conditions. The intensity generally decreases in both thrusters for decreasing mass ow rate and capacitor voltage. The location of brightest light intensity shifts upstream for decreasing mass ow rate of propellant and downstream for decreasing applied voltage. Recognizing that there typically exists an optimum ratio of applied electric field to gas pressure with respect to breakdown efficiency, this result may indicate that the optimum ratio was not achieved uniformly over the coil face, leading to non-uniform and incomplete current sheet formation in violation of the model assumption of immediate formation where all the injected propellant is contained in a magnetically-impermeable current sheet.
Development of Lumped Element Kinetic Inductance Detectors for NIKA
Roesch, M; Bideaud, A; Boudou, N; Calvo, M; Cruciani, A; Doyle, S; Leduc, H G; Monfardini, A; Swenson, L; Leclercq, S; Mauskopf, P; Schuster, K F
2012-01-01
Lumped-element kinetic inductance detectors(LEKIDs) have recently shown considerable promise as direct absorption mm-wavelength detectors for astronomical applications. One major research thrust within the N\\'eel Iram Kids Array (NIKA) collaboration has been to investigate the suitability of these detectors for deployment at the 30-meter IRAM telescope located on Pico Veleta in Spain. Compared to microwave kinetic inductance detectors (MKID), using quarter wavelength resonators, the resonant circuit of a LEKID consists of a discrete inductance and capacitance coupled to a feedline. A high and constant current density distribution in the inductive part of these resonators makes them very sensitive. Due to only one metal layer on a silicon substrate, the fabrication is relatively easy. In order to optimize the LEKIDs for this application, we have recently probed a wide variety of individual resonator and array parameters through simulation and physical testing. This included determining the optimal feed-line co...
Immortalization of human articular chondrocytes and induction of their phenotype
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何清义; 李起鸿; 杨柳; 许建中
2003-01-01
Objective To immortalize human articular chondrocytes (HACs) using gene transfection and to maintain stable phenotype of transformed HACs after induction.Methods HACs were transfected with the retroviral vector pLXSN encoding human papillomavirus 16E7 (HPV16E7), and the transformed clones were sorted and proliferated. Karyotype analysis, clone forming tests and nude mice tumor forming tests were applied to check the characteristics of the transformation. Type Ⅱ collagen of transformed chondrocytes was inducted with free serum medium (FSM) supplemented with nutridoma-sp and ascorbate. Results Immortalized HACs were isolated with fifty passages achieved. The HPV16E7 transformed cells were confirmed to be benign. Induction of FSM with nutridoma-sp and ascorbate promoted type Ⅱ collagen of transformed chondrocytes to the high levels of normal chondrocytes. Conclusion HACs transformed with HPV16E7 survive for long periods in vitro, and type Ⅱ collagen can maintain stability after induction.
Faraday Induction and the Current Carriers in a Circuit
Boyer, Timothy H
2014-01-01
In this article, it is pointed out that Faraday induction can be treated from an untraditional, particle-based point of view. The electromagnetic fields of Faraday induction can be calculated explicitly from approximate point-charge fields derived from the Li\\'enard-Wiechert expressions or from the Darwin Lagrangian. Thus the electric fields of electrostatics, the magnetic fields of magnetostatics, and the electric fields of Faraday induction can all be regarded as arising from charged particles. Some aspects of electromagnetic induction are explored for a hypothetical circuit consisting of point charges which move frictionlessly in a circular orbit. For a small number of particles in the circuit (or for non-interacting particles), the induced electromagnetic fields depend upon the mass and charge of the current carriers while energy is transferred to the kinetic energy of the particles. However, for an interacting multiparticle circuit, the mutual electromagnetic interactions between the particles dominate t...
Inductive Coupling of Power Converter’s – EMC
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Irena Kováčová
2009-07-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a computer analysis of inductive coupling of theelectromagnetic compatibility (EMC problem. Its focus is on power electronics andelectrical drives and tests performed by a numerical computer simulation that can disclosesuite surprising findings about EMC.
Herpes Simplex Viruses and Induction of Interferon Responses
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yijie Ma; Dustin Vepooten; Bin He
2008-01-01
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are human pathogens responsible for a variety of diseases,including localized mucocutaneous lesions,encephalitis,and disseminated diseases.HSV infection leads to rapid induction of innate immune responses.A critical part of this host response is the type I IFN system including the induction of type I IFNs,IFN-mediated signaling and amplification of IFN response.This provides the host with immediate countermeasure during acute infection to limit initial viral replication and to facilitate an appropriate adaptive immune response.However,HSV has devised multiple strategies to evade and interfere with innate immunity.This review will focus on the induction of type I IFN response by HSV during acute infection and current knowledge of mechanisms by which HSV interferes with this induction process.
Induction and the opportunity for organizations to learn
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sprogøe, Jonas; Rohde, Nicolas
2007-01-01
Induction is commonly referred to as a socialization process in which a newcomer is expected to learn "the ropes" of an organization; e.g. learn the basic values, culture, formal and informal procedures as well as the basic practicalities in order to adapt to and function in a new job. However...... between individual and organisational learning. This paper addresses learning in a particular organizational practice, namely induction of newcomers, in two distinct organizational settings. We analyze how induction potentially triggers both individual and organizational learning, in order to discuss how...... induction of newcomers can be seen as way of creating organizational renewal. We compare two organizational settings, a Danish management consulting company and a German retail bank, and by drawing on March's (1991) concepts of exploration and exploitation and Ellström's (2006) logics of work, we discuss...
Jewels in the Crown: The Beauty of Inductive Reasoning.
Saul, Mark
1992-01-01
Presents a series of challenges, problems, and examples to demonstrate the principle of mathematical induction and illustrate the many situations to which it can be applied. Applications relate to Fibonacci sequences, graph theory, and functions. (MDH)
Prove It! Induction and Deduction in Secondary Mathematics.
Peard, Robert
1984-01-01
The need to incorporate deductive reasoning in the curriculum is noted. Guidelines for developing reasoning skills and activities to develop understanding of inductive and deductive processes are provided. (MNS)
Genetic Algorithm Based Proportional Integral Controller Design for Induction Motor
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohanasundaram Kuppusamy
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: This study has expounded the application of evolutionary computation method namely Genetic Algorithm (GA for estimation of feedback controller parameters for induction motor. GA offers certain advantages such as simple computational steps, derivative free optimization, reduced number of iterations and assured near global optima. The development of the method is well documented and computed and measured results are presented. Approach: The design of PI controller parameter for three phase induction motor drives was done using Genetic Algorithm. The objective function of motor current reduction, using PI controller, at starting is formulated as an optimization problem and solved with Genetic Algorithm. Results: The results showed the selected values of PI controller parameter using genetic algorithm approach, with objective of induction motor starting current reduction. Conclusions/Recommendation: The results proved the robustness and easy implementation of genetic algorithm selection of PI parameters for induction motor starting.
Polyploid induction of Lespedeza formosa by colchicine treatment
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Li Wei; Hu Dong-nan; Li Hui; Chen Xiao-yang
2007-01-01
Polyploid induction has been conducted by different colchicines concentrations with seed. hypocotyl and apices of Lespedeza formosa. Morphological variation and amounts of chromosome about the polyploidy have also been analyzed. Results show that the best material for polyploid induction of L. formosa is the new apices from seed germination, with an induction rate of 44. 4% at 0. 1% colchicines concentration and 36 hours of treatment time. Compared with normal diploid plants. the polyploidy plants of L. formosa inducted in our experiments have short stature and stems with thick and wide leaves. Cytological studies show that the changed seedlings,whose morphology has changed dramatically, are tetraploid, with 44 (2n=4x=44)chromosomes in the somatic cells.
VIBROCASTING CRUCIBLES OF DIFFERENT COMPOSITION FOR FRYING INDUCTION MELTING ALLOYS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V. V. Primachenko
2012-01-01
Full Text Available It is shown that PSC «UKRNIIO them. A.S.Berezhnogo has developed technologies for a wide range of induction melting temperature alloys and started commercial production of crucibles of different composition.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauritsen, Mette Petri; Loft, Anne; Pinborg, Anja
2017-01-01
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate an individualised gonadotrophin starting dose regimen for women with anovulatory infertility. STUDY DESIGN: We included 71 normogonadotrophic anovulatory infertile women in a prospective, observational study. All underwent one ovulation induction...
Induction of lucid dreams: a systematic review of evidence.
Stumbrys, Tadas; Erlacher, Daniel; Schädlich, Melanie; Schredl, Michael
2012-09-01
In lucid dreams the dreamer is aware of dreaming and often able to influence the ongoing dream content. Lucid dreaming is a learnable skill and a variety of techniques is suggested for lucid dreaming induction. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the effectiveness of induction techniques. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in biomedical databases and specific resources. Thirty-five studies were included in the analysis (11 sleep laboratory and 24 field studies), of which 26 employed cognitive techniques, 11 external stimulation and one drug application. The methodological quality of the included studies was relatively low. None of the induction techniques were verified to induce lucid dreams reliably and consistently, although some of them look promising. On the basis of the reviewed studies, a taxonomy of lucid dream induction methods is presented. Several methodological issues are discussed and further directions for future studies are proposed.
Floating Inductance and FDNR Using Positive Polarity Current Conveyors
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. Pal
2004-01-01
Full Text Available A generalized circuit based on five positive polarity second-generation current conveyors is introduced. The circuit simulates a floating inductance, capacitor floatation circuit and floating fdnr. All these circuits use grounded capacitors.
Inductive voltage adder (IVA) for submillimeter radius electron beam
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mazarakis, M.G.; Poukey, J.W.; Maenchen, J.E. [and others
1996-12-31
The authors have already demonstrated the utility of inductive voltage adder accelerators for production of small-size electron beams. In this approach, the inductive voltage adder drives a magnetically immersed foilless diode to produce high-energy (10--20 MeV), high-brightness pencil electron beams. This concept was first demonstrated with the successful experiments which converted the linear induction accelerator RADLAC II into an IVA fitted with a small 1-cm radius cathode magnetically immersed foilless diode (RADLAC II/SMILE). They present here first validations of extending this idea to mm-scale electron beams using the SABRE and HERMES-III inductive voltage adders as test beds. The SABRE experiments are already completed and have produced 30-kA, 9-MeV electron beams with envelope diameter of 1.5-mm FWHM. The HERMES-III experiments are currently underway.
A STUDY ON INTRAVAGINAL MISOPROSTOL FOR INDUCTION OF LABOUR
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ahanthembi
2013-04-01
Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Misoprostol, a synthetic PGE₁, analogue may be used for induction of labour. It is a preliminary study to evaluate the efficacy and safet y of intravaginal insertion of misoprostol 50ugm tablet for induction of labour. A total of 11 0 consecutive cases of singleton term pregnancy with cephalic presentation having Bishops cer vical score ≤ 4 were included. Cases of CPD, placenta praevia, previous uterine scars and twin conceptions were excluded. Ninety-six women had vaginal delivery and 14 cases had caesare an deliveries. Average induction delivery interval was 10.8 ± 4.8 hours. Apgar score of newbor n at 1 minute was 8.86 ± 0.735. Induction of labour with single dose of 50 μgm of misoprostol vaginally is effective as other inducing agents with no obvious side-effects to both mothers and newborns KEYWORDS:Misoprostol; Bishops Score
Comprehensive Teacher Induction: Year 1 Impact Findings from an RCT
Steven Glazerman; Sarah Dolfin; Martha Bleeker; Amy Johnson; Eric Isenberg; Julieta Lugo-Gil; Mary Grider; Edward Britton
2009-01-01
Comprehensive teacher induction provides novice teachers with carefully selected and trained full-time mentors, as well as a curriculum of intensive and structured support. This report presents the first round of results from a large-scale randomized controlled study of the effects of two comprehensive teacher induction programs. Intensive mentoring and professional development for teachers just entering the profession did not increase teacher retention or generate any significant improvement...
Combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations and inductive data types
Kock, Joachim
2016-06-01
The goal of this contribution is to explain the analogy between combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations and inductive data types to a readership of mathematical physicists. The connection relies on an interpretation of combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations as fixpoint equations for polynomial functors (established elsewhere by the author, and summarised here), combined with the now-classical fact that polynomial functors provide semantics for inductive types. The paper is expository, and comprises also a brief introduction to type theory.
Combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations and inductive data types
Kock, Joachim
2015-01-01
The goal of this contribution is to explain the analogy between combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations and inductive data types to a readership of mathematical physicists. The connection relies on an interpretation of combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations as fixpoint equations for polynomial functors (established elsewhere by the author, and summarised here), combined with the now-classical fact that polynomial functors provide semantics for inductive types. The paper is expository, and co...
Feasibility of alternating induction and maintenance chemotherapy in pancreatic cancer
Hann, Alexander; Bohle, Wolfram; Egger, Jan; Zoller, Wolfram
2017-01-01
Chemotherapy regimens for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) have changed since the introduction of FOLFIRINOX. Due to toxicity, dosage and number of applied cycles are limited. In analogy to chemotherapy strategies in colon cancer we used a scheme of induction, maintenance and re-induction therapy in PDAC to alleviate such toxicities and increase the number of applied cycles. Here we report first experiences with this approach. Data of all patients who received FOLFIRINOX for metastatic...
Algorithmic Randomness as Foundation of Inductive Reasoning and Artificial Intelligence
Hutter, Marcus
2011-01-01
This article is a brief personal account of the past, present, and future of algorithmic randomness, emphasizing its role in inductive inference and artificial intelligence. It is written for a general audience interested in science and philosophy. Intuitively, randomness is a lack of order or predictability. If randomness is the opposite of determinism, then algorithmic randomness is the opposite of computability. Besides many other things, these concepts have been used to quantify Ockham's razor, solve the induction problem, and define intelligence.
Dynamics of Inductive Inference in a Unified Framework
Gilboa, Itzhak; Samuelson, Larry; Schmeidler, David
2012-01-01
We present a model of inductive inference that includes, as special cases, Bayesian reasoning, case-based reasoning, and rule-based reasoning. This unified framework allows us to examine, positively or normatively, how the various modes of inductive inference can be combined and how their relative weights change endogenously. We establish conditions under which an agent who does not know the structure of the data generating process will decrease, over the course of her reasoning, the weight o...
Ultra high frequency induction welding of powder metal compacts
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cavdar, U.; Gulsahin, I.
2014-10-01
The application of the iron based Powder Metal (PM) compacts in Ultra High Frequency Induction Welding (UHFIW) were reviewed. These PM compacts are used to produce cogs. This study investigates the methods of joining PM materials enforceability with UHFIW in the industry application. Maximum stress and maximum strain of welded PM compacts were determined by three point bending and strength tests. Microhardness and microstructure of induction welded compacts were determined. (Author)
On Principles of Software Engineering -- Role of the Inductive Inference
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ladislav Samuelis
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper highlights the role of the inductive inference principle in software engineering. It takes the challenge to settle differences and to confront the ideas behind the usual software engineering concepts. We focus on the inductive inference mechanism’s role behind the automatic program construction activities and software evolution. We believe that the revision of rather old ideas in the new context of software engineering could enhance our endeavour and that is why deserves more attention.
A novel inductive technique for microcantilever displacement detection
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Madhu; Santosh; K; Mutyala; Kody; Varahramyan
2011-01-01
A novel inductive technique for the detection of microcantilever displacement for sensing applications was presented.We highlight the basic structure and evaluate its characteristics with the aid of modeling and simulation.Results generated by numerical simulations using ANSOFT are compared with those obtained from an equivalent circuit model using PSPICE.There are indications that the sensitivity of the inductive cantilever is about one order of magnitude higher as compared to piezoresistive silicon can...
Limited backward induction: foresight and behavior in sequential games
Marco Mantovani
2015-01-01
The paper tests experimentally for limited foresight in sequential games. We develop a general out-of-equilibrium framework of strategic thinking based on limited foresight. It assumes the players take decisions focusing on close-by nodes, following backward induction – what we call limited backward induction (LBI). The main prediction of the model is tested in the context of a modified Game of 21. In line with the theoretical hypotheses, our results show most players think strategically only...
Induction of lucid dreams: A systematic review of evidence
Stumbrys, Tadas; Erlacher, Daniel; Schädlich, Melanie; Schredl, Michael
2012-01-01
In lucid dreams the dreamer is aware of dreaming and often able to influence the ongoing dream content. Lucid dreaming is a learnable skill and a variety of techniques is suggested for lucid dreaming induction. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the effectiveness of induction techniques. A comprehensive literature search was carried out in biomedical databases and specific resources. Thirty-five studies were included in the analysis (11 sleep laboratory and 24 field studies), o...
Nonlinear Control of Induction Motors: A Performance Study
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
1998-01-01
A novel approach to control of induction motors based on nonlinear state feedback has previously been presented by the authors. The resulting scheme gives a linearized input-output decoupling of the torque and the amplitude of the field. The proposed approach is used to design controllers...... for the field amplitude and the motor torque. The method is compared with the traditional Rotor Field Oriented Control method as regards variations in rotor resistance an magnetizing inductance...
State variable participation in the limit cycle of induction motor
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Krishnendu Chakrabarty; Urmila Kar
2015-03-01
The paper presents bifurcation behaviour of a single-phase induction motor. Study of bifurcation of a system gives the complete picture of its dynamical behaviour with the change in system’s parameters. The system is mathematically described by a set of differential equations in the state space. Induction motors are very widely used in domestic and commercial applications. Single-phase capacitor-run induction motors are commonly used as prime movers for fans, pumps and compressors. This paper provides a numerical approach to understand the dynamics of an induction motor in the light of bifurcation and chaos. It is seen that the dynamics of a capacitor-run single-phase induction motor cannot be ascertained by the profile of a single state variable. This paper also attempts to discuss the bifurcation behaviour of the system based on the evolution of different state variables. The bifurcation diagrams drawn looking at different state variables are different in terms of periodicity and route to chaos. The knowledge of the dynamics of the system obtained from bifurcation diagrams give useful guidelines to control the operation of the induction motor depending on the need of an application for better performance.
How similar are recognition memory and inductive reasoning?
Hayes, Brett K; Heit, Evan
2013-07-01
Conventionally, memory and reasoning are seen as different types of cognitive activities driven by different processes. In two experiments, we challenged this view by examining the relationship between recognition memory and inductive reasoning involving multiple forms of similarity. A common study set (members of a conjunctive category) was followed by a test set containing old and new category members, as well as items that matched the study set on only one dimension. The study and test sets were presented under recognition or induction instructions. In Experiments 1 and 2, the inductive property being generalized was varied in order to direct attention to different dimensions of similarity. When there was no time pressure on decisions, patterns of positive responding were strongly affected by property type, indicating that different types of similarity were driving recognition and induction. By comparison, speeded judgments showed weaker property effects and could be explained by generalization based on overall similarity. An exemplar model, GEN-EX (GENeralization from EXamples), could account for both the induction and recognition data. These findings show that induction and recognition share core component processes, even when the tasks involve flexible forms of similarity.
A novel induction motor starting method using superconduction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Silva, F.B.B., E-mail: flaviobarcelos@ifes.edu.br [Ifes – Federal Institute of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Industrial Automation, Serra, ES 29173087 (Brazil); UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Orlando, M.T.D. [UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Physics, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Fardin, J.F.; Simonetti, D.S. [UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Baldan, C.A. [EEL/USP – Engineering School from Lorena/University of São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
2014-12-15
Highlights: • Alternative method for starting up induction motor. • Based on using a high-temperature superconductor. • A prototype of the limiter was constructed with a 2G-YBCO tape. • Prototype was tested with a 55-kW industrial induction motor in a 440-V/60-Hz. • Offers reduced current waveform distortion compared to the soft starter method. - Abstract: In this paper, an alternative method for starting up induction motors is proposed, taking into account experimental measurements. The new starting current limitation method is based on using a high-temperature superconductor. A prototype of the superconducting starting current limiter was constructed with a commercially available second-generation high-temperature superconductor YBCO tape, and this was tested with a 55-kW industrial induction motor in a 440-V/60-Hz three-phase power grid. Performance evaluations of the superconducting limiter method (applied to startup of the induction motor) were performed and were compared with a direct-on-line starter and an electronic soft starter. In addition, a computational model was developed and used for electromagnetic torque analysis of the system. As significant characteristics, our method offers the ability to limit the starting current of the induction motor with greater electromagnetic torque, reduced current waveform distortion and therefore lower harmonic pollution during startup when compared to the soft starter method.
Theory Building in Qualitative Research: Reconsidering the Problem of Induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pedro F. Bendassolli
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The problem of induction refers to the difficulties involved in the process of justifying experience-based scientific conclusions. More specifically, inductive reasoning assumes a leap from singular observational statements to general theoretical statements. It calls into question the role of empirical evidence in the theory-building process. In the philosophy of science, the validity of inductive reasoning has been severely questioned since at least the writings of David HUME. At the same time, induction has been lauded as one of the main pillars of qualitative research methods, and its identity as such has consolidated to the detriment of hypothetical-deductive methods. This article proposes reviving discussion on the problem of induction in qualitative research. It is argued that qualitative methods inherit many of the tensions intrinsic to inductive reasoning, such as those between the demands of empiricism and of formal scientific explanation, suggesting the need to reconsider the role of theory in qualitative research. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1301258
Inductively coupled transducer system for damage detection in composites
Zhong, C. H.; Croxford, A. J.; Wilcox, P. D.
2012-04-01
The laminated construction of composite offers the possibility of permanently embedding sensors into structure, for example, ultrasonic transducers which can be used for NDE applications. An attractive and simple solution for probing embedded sensors wirelessly is via inductive coupling. However, before this can be achieved it is necessary to have a full understanding and proper design strategy for the inductively coupled system. This paper presents the developments of both system design procedure and a computer program for one dimensional inductively coupled transducer system mounted on a solid substrate. The design strategy in this paper mainly focuses on issues of localization of transducers, and optimizing the signal to noise level. Starting from a three coil equivalent circuit, this paper also explains how the measured impedance of a bonded piezoelectric disc is implemented into the system model representing a transducer bonded to an arbitrary solid substrate. The computer programme using this model provides immediate predictions of electrical input impedance, acoustic response and pulse-echo response. A series of experiments and calculations have been performed in order to validate the model. This has enabled the degree of accuracy required for various parameters within the model, such as mutual inductance between the coils and self-inductance of coils, to be assessed. Once validated, the model can be used as a tool to predict the effect of physical parameters, such as distance, lateral misalignment between the coils, and the coil geometry on the performance of an inductively coupled system.
CALLUS INDUCTION FROM FLORAL EXPLANTS OF CUPUASSU
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
MARIA DAS GRAÇAS RODRIGUES FERREIRA
2013-01-01
Full Text Available There are few studies related to the in vitro cultivation of plants from theTheobroma genus and no effective micropropagation protocols for T.grandiflorum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the calli formation in cupuassu floral explants, targeting their organogenic or embryogenicdevelopment. Experiments were conducted in the Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory of EMBRAPA, Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil. Floral parts from unopened immature flower buds taken from seedless cupuassu trees were sterilized and employed as a source of explants. These explants were cultivated in Petri dishes in an induction medium consisting of MS salts and vitamins, supplemented with glycine(3 mg.L-1, lysine (0,4 mg.L-1, leucine (0,4 mg.L-1, arginine (0,4 mg.L-1, tryptophan (0,2 mg.L-1, 2,4-D (1 mg.L-1, kinetin (0,25 mg.L-1, coconut water (50 ml.L-1, sucrose (40 g.L-1, Gelrite (2,2 g.L-1 and pH adjusted to 5,8. Cultures were maintained in the dark for 3 weeks at 27°C and then subcultured for six weeks in medium without growth regulators supplemented with glycine (1 mg.L-1, lysine (0,2 mg.L-1, leucine (0,2 mg.L-1, arginine (0,2 mg.L-1, tryptophan (0,1 mg.L-1, coconut water (100 ml.L-1, sucrose (40 g.L-1, Gelrite (2,2 g.L-1 and pH 5,8. We used a completely randomized design with 10 replications of 5 explants per plate and four different explant sources: staminode, petal, ligule and ovary. As a result, we obtained a highercalli formation in theinduction medium when ovaries were used as source of explants. However, there was no development of somatic embryosor organogenic response in medium without growth regulators and further studies are being conducted.
Li, Dong; Wen, Yinghong; Li, Weili; Fang, Jin; Cao, Junci; Zhang, Xiaochen; Lv, Gang
2017-03-01
In the paper, the numerical method calculating asymmetric primary slot leakage inductances of Single-sided High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Linear Induction Motor (HTS LIM) is presented. The mathematical and geometric models of three-dimensional nonlinear transient electromagnetic field are established and the boundary conditions are also given. The established model is solved by time-stepping Finite Element Method (FEM). Then, the three-phase asymmetric primary slot leakage inductances under different operation conditions are calculated by using the obtained electromagnetic field distribution. The influences of the special effects such as longitudinal end effects, transversal edge effects, etc. on the primary slot leakage inductance are investigated. The presented numerical method is validated by experiments carried out on a 3.5 kW prototype with copper wires which has the same structures with the HTS LIM.
Oral misoprostol versus dinoprostone vaginal tablets for labor induction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Khaled Ibrahim Abu El aish
2013-06-01
Full Text Available Background: Induction of labour is common in obstetric practice. We conducted this study to find the appropriate and safe drug for labour induction and to compare the safety and efficacy of oral misoprostol and vaginal dinoprostone for labour induction. Methods: In a provisional, prospective and cross-sectional study, one hundred and fifty five singleton cephalic presentation full term pregnancies with medical or obstetric indication for labour induction were allocated in two groups. First group received oral 50 micrograms for nulliparas and low parity group (1-4, and 25micrograms for grand multiparas (≥ 5 misoprostol orally every 6 hours to a maximum of four doses daily. In the second group vaginal tablets of dinoprostone 3mg then 1.5mg for nulliparas and 1.5mg for low parity and grand multiparas groups were inserted in the posterior fornix, every 8 hours. Primary outcome measures were: induction success, induction-delivery interval and number of used doses. Secondary outcome measures included: maternal side effects, caesarean section rate, mode of delivery and neonatal outcome. Data was collected from patient case notes and analyzed using software SPSS (version 13.0 and p-value < 0.05 was used as statistical significance of differences. Results: In our study there were no significant differences in baseline parameters in the two groups nor in the indications for labor induction except misoprostol was used in premature rupture of membrane. Induction of labor succeeded in 123 (79.35% women without other interventions from other methods (80.26%misoprostol group versus 78.5% dinoprostone p=0.492. It was observed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in final outcomes nor in obstetrical complications. There was no significance in differences between misoprostol and dinoprostone groups in induction-delivery interval (15.2 ± 14.5 hours versus 16.4 ± 11.3 hours p=0.6 resp.. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that oral
Standstill Estimation of Electrical Parameters in Induction Motors Using an Optimal Input Signal
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Børsting, H.; Knudsen, Morten; Vadstrup, P.
1995-01-01
The paper suggest a simple off-line method to obtain accurate estimates of the resistances and inductances of the induction motor.......The paper suggest a simple off-line method to obtain accurate estimates of the resistances and inductances of the induction motor....
Demidovich, V. B.
2012-12-01
Advanced energy-saving technologies of induction heating of metals are discussed. The importance of the joint simulation of electromagnetic and temperature fields on induction heating is demonstrated. The package of specialized programs for simulating not only induction heating devices, but also technologies that employ industrial heating has been developed. An intimate connection between optimal design and control of induction heaters is shown.
Callegary, J.B.; Ferre, T. P. A.; Groom, R.W.
2007-01-01
Vertical spatial sensitivity and effective depth of exploration (d e) of low-induction-number (LIN) instruments over a layered soil were evaluated using a complete numerical solution to Maxwell's equations. Previous studies using approximate mathematical solutions predicted a vertical spatial sensitivity for instruments operating under LIN conditions that, for a given transmitter-receiver coil separation (s), coil orientation, and transmitter frequency, should depend solely on depth below the land surface. When not operating under LIN conditions, vertical spatial sensitivity and de also depend on apparent soil electrical conductivity (??a) and therefore the induction number (??). In this new evaluation, we determined the range of ??a and ?? values for which the LIN conditions hold and how de changes when they do not. Two-layer soil models were simulated with both horizontal (HCP) and vertical (VCP) coplanar coil orientations. Soil layers were given electrical conductivity values ranging from 0.1 to 200 mS m-1. As expected, de decreased as ??a increased. Only the least electrically conductive soil produced the de expected when operating under LIN conditions. For the VCP orientation, this was 1.6s, decreasing to 0.8s in the most electrically conductive soil. For the HCP orientation, de decreased from 0.76s to 0.51s. Differences between this and previous studies are attributed to inadequate representation of skin-depth effect and scattering at interfaces between layers. When using LIN instruments to identify depth to water tables, interfaces between soil layers, and variations in salt or moisture content, it is important to consider the dependence of de on ??a. ?? Soil Science Society of America.
Effect of mifepristone in cervical ripening for induction of labour
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rutuja Athawale
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Background: Mifepristone is potentially a method of inducing labour in late pregnancy by increasing uterine contractility and by increasing the sensitivity of the uterus to the actions of prostaglandins. Present study was done to portrait the beneficial of mifepristone induction of labour. The objective was to study the effect of mifepristone in induction of labour with the outcome of induction of labour (IOL. Methods: 100 patients (term were included, after their informed consent. Patients were categorized by BISHOP SCORE at the beginning of induction for comparison of BS, mode of delivery, induction delivery interval (IDI. Women undergoing induction with RU486 (200mg PO were grouped in one and those with placebo control group into another. Statistical analysis of categorical variables was done. Results: Rate of successful IOL or vaginal delivery was 76% in study group and only 36% in control group. After induction with mifepristone for cervical ripening in study group 76% patient who had cervical score 8 within 24 hours, whereas in control group 2% female’s cervical score was>8. Among the babies, 44% in the control group required baby unit admission as compared to 36% in the study group. Conclusions: In the present study, the women who were induced with mifepristone 200 mg per orally showed drastic improvement in cervical score within 24-48 hours and decreased the cesarean rate in the study group and amount of dose requirement of augmentation of labour with Misoprostol or Oxytocin, lesser NICU admission and maternal complication. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(1.000: 35-38
Hallock, Ashley; Polzin, Kurt; Emsellem, Gregory
2012-01-01
Pulsed inductive plasma thrusters [1-3] are spacecraft propulsion devices in which electrical energy is capacitively stored and then discharged through an inductive coil. The thruster is electrodeless, with a time-varying current in the coil interacting with a plasma covering the face of the coil to induce a plasma current. Propellant is accelerated and expelled at a high exhaust velocity (O(10-100 km/s)) by the Lorentz body force arising from the interaction of the magnetic field and the induced plasma current. While this class of thruster mitigates the life-limiting issues associated with electrode erosion, pulsed inductive plasma thrusters require high pulse energies to inductively ionize propellant. The Microwave Assisted Discharge Inductive Plasma Accelerator (MAD-IPA) [4, 5] is a pulsed inductive plasma thruster that addressees this issue by partially ionizing propellant inside a conical inductive coil via an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) discharge. The ECR plasma is produced using microwaves and permanent magnets that are arranged to create a thin resonance region along the inner surface of the coil, restricting plasma formation, and in turn current sheet formation, to a region where the magnetic coupling between the plasma and the inductive coil is high. The use of a conical theta-pinch coil is under investigation. The conical geometry serves to provide neutral propellant containment and plasma plume focusing that is improved relative to the more common planar geometry of the Pulsed Inductive Thruster (PIT) [2, 3], however a conical coil imparts a direct radial acceleration of the current sheet that serves to rapidly decouple the propellant from the coil, limiting the direct axial electromagnetic acceleration in favor of an indirect acceleration mechanism that requires significant heating of the propellant within the volume bounded by the current sheet. In this paper, we describe thrust stand measurements performed to characterize the performance
Outpatient approaches to elective induction of labor: past, present, and future.
Rauf, Zubair; Alfirevic, Zarko
2014-06-01
Assessing the feasibility, acceptability and safety of outpatient labour induction. MEDLINE database was searched for "outpatient labor induction" from January 1, 1986 to February 28, 2013. Main outcomes of interest included hyperstimulation, cesarean births, Apgar scores induction agent. Overall, maternal satisfaction is high. Outpatient labor induction is feasible and important adverse events are rare. However, paucity of available data and heterogeneity of different studies make it difficult to quantify adverse events or identify a preferred induction method.
The role of induction in operant schedule performance.
Baum, William M
2015-05-01
Baum and Davison (2014b) showed that Baum's (2012) recasting of reinforcement as induction may be quantified by assuming that induction follows a power function of reinforcer rate. This power-function induction is readily integrated with theory based on the matching law. Herrnstein (1970) originally assumed background activities (BO) and their associated reinforcers ro to be constant, but ro should vary with BO. Further, power-function induction implies that BO should vary with reinforcer rate. Baum (1993) reported performance on a wide range of variable-ratio (VR) and variable-interval (VI) schedules. Pigeons' VR peck rate followed an inverted U-shaped relation, but VI peck rate separated into three ranges of food rate: low-to-moderate, moderate-to-high, and extremely high. As food rate increases, the concave downward relation in the low range reaches an inflection point and gives way to a concave upward relation in the higher range. At the extremes of food rate, VI peck rate decreases. A model based on competition between induced pecking and BO accounted for VI peck rate in the moderate to extreme range of food rates. Further research will account for all three ranges, either by integrating power-function induction with matching theory or with a model based on competition between induced activities.
Electric Machine with Boosted Inductance to Stabilize Current Control
Abel, Steve
2013-01-01
High-powered motors typically have very low resistance and inductance (R and L) in their windings. This makes the pulse-width modulated (PWM) control of the current very difficult, especially when the bus voltage (V) is high. These R and L values are dictated by the motor size, torque (Kt), and back-emf (Kb) constants. These constants are in turn set by the voltage and the actuation torque-speed requirements. This problem is often addressed by placing inductive chokes within the controller. This approach is undesirable in that space is taken and heat is added to the controller. By keeping the same motor frame, reducing the wire size, and placing a correspondingly larger number of turns in each slot, the resistance, inductance, torque constant, and back-emf constant are all increased. The increased inductance aids the current control but ruins the Kt and Kb selections. If, however, a fraction of the turns is moved from their "correct slot" to an "incorrect slot," the increased R and L values are retained, but the Kt and Kb values are restored to the desired values. This approach assumes that increased resistance is acceptable to a degree. In effect, the heat allocated to the added inductance has been moved from the controller to the motor body, which in some cases is preferred.
Aluminium-oxide wires for superconducting high kinetic inductance circuits
Rotzinger, H.; Skacel, S. T.; Pfirrmann, M.; Voss, J. N.; Münzberg, J.; Probst, S.; Bushev, P.; Weides, M. P.; Ustinov, A. V.; Mooij, J. E.
2017-02-01
We investigate thin films of conducting aluminium-oxide, also known as granular aluminium, as a material for superconducting high quality, high kinetic inductance circuits. The films are deposited by an optimised reactive DC magnetron sputter process and characterised using microwave measurement techniques at milli-Kelvin temperatures. We show that, by precise control of the reactive sputter conditions, a high room temperature sheet resistance and therefore high kinetic inductance at low temperatures can be obtained. For a coplanar waveguide resonator with 1.5 kΩ sheet resistance and a kinetic inductance fraction close to unity, we measure a quality factor in the order of 700 000 at 20 mK. Furthermore, we observe a sheet resistance reduction by gentle heat treatment in air. This behaviour is exploited to study the kinetic inductance change using the microwave response of a coplanar wave guide resonator. We find the correlation between the kinetic inductance and the sheet resistance to be in good agreement with theoretical expectations.
Outcome of Induction of Labour in Prolonged Pregnancy.
Nasrin, S; Islam, S; Shahida, S M; Begum, R A; Haque, N
2015-10-01
This was a hospital based prospective clinical study conducted among women having prolonged pregnancy to assess the outcome of induction of labour in prolonged pregnancy cases. One hundred and thirty nine women having uncomplicated prolonged pregnancy were studied. The study was carried out in Sir Salimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka from 01 July 2010 to 30 March 2011. In this study 66% of the respondents had vaginal delivery on routine induction of labour and in 34% cases induction failed. Ninety three percent (93%) of the multigravida had vaginal delivery and in primigravida their vaginal delivery rate was 47.5%. Regarding cervical condition for delivery, 75% of the respondents having favourable cervix had vaginal delivery and in case of unfavourable cervix respondents, they had 55% cases of vaginal delivery. About the foetal outcome it was evidenced from this study that the perinatal adverse outcome increases with the increasing age of gestation beyond 40 completed weeks of gestation. This study showed that the use of prostaglandins for cervical ripening and by confirming the diagnosis of prolonged pregnancy, the delivery outcome in prolonged pregnancy can be improved. The study also showed that induction of labour is not associated with any major complications and the routine induction of labour in prolonged pregnancy is beneficial for both mother and the baby.
Predictive Condition Monitoring of Induction Motor Bearing Using Fuzzy Logic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Prof. Rakeshkumar A. Patel
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Induction motor is critical component in industrial processes and is frequently integrated in commercially available equipment. Safety, reliability, efficiency and performance are the major concerns of induction motor applications. Due to high reliability requirements and cost of breakdown, condition monitoring, diagnosis and Protection increasing importance. Protection of an induction motor (IM against possible problems, such as stator faults, rotor faults and mechanical faults, occurring in the course of its operation is very important, because it is very popular in industries. Bearing fault is well known mechanical fault of IM.41�0faults related to bearing in IM. To avoid break down of IM condition monitoring of motor bearing condition is very important during the normal operation. Various classical and AI techniques like fuzzy logic, neural network, neuro-fuzzy are used for condition monitoring and diagnosis of IM. Among the above mentioned AI techniques, Fuzzy logic is the best technique for condition monitoring and diagnosis of IM bearing condition. Therefore, the present paper focuses on fuzzy logic technique. In this paper Fuzzy logic is design for the condition monitoring and diagnosis of induction motor bearing condition using motor current and speed. After applying Fuzzy logic it has been seen that continuous monitoring of the current and speed values of the motor conditioned monitoring and diagnosis of induction motor bearing condition can be done.
Optimum Construction of Heating Coil for Domestic Induction Cooker
Sinha, Dola; Bandyopadhyay, Atanu; Sadhu, Pradip Kumar; Pal, Nitai
2010-10-01
The design and optimization of the parameters of heating coil is very important for the analytical analysis of high frequency inverter fed induction cooker. Moreover, accurate prediction of high frequency winding loss (i.e., losses due to skin and proximity effects) is necessary as the induction cooker used in power electronics applications. At high frequency current penetration in the induction coil circuit is very difficult for conducting wire due to skin-effect. To eradicate the skin effect heating coil is made up of bundle conductor i.e., litz wire. In this paper inductances and AC resistances of a litz-wire are calculated and optimized by considering the input parameters like wire type, shape, number of strand, number of spiral turn, number of twist per feet of heating coil and operating frequency. A high frequency half bridge series resonant mirror inverter circuit is used in this paper and taking the optimum values of inductance and ac resistance the circuit is simulated through PSPICE simulations. It has been noticed that the results are feasible enough for real implementation.
Design of a Microwave Assisted Discharge Inductive Plasma Accelerator
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.
2010-01-01
The design and construction of a thruster that employs electrodeless plasma preionization and pulsed inductive acceleration is described. Preionization is achieved through an electron cyclotron resonance discharge that produces a weakly-ionized plasma at the face of a conical theta pinch-shaped inductive coil. The presence of the preionized plasma allows for current sheet formation at lower discharge voltages than those employed in other pulsed inductive accelerators that do not employ preionization. The location of the electron cyclotron resonance discharge is controlled through the design of the applied magnetic field in the thruster. Finite element analysis shows that there is an arrangement of permanent magnets that yields a small volume of resonant magnetic field at the coil face. Preionization in the resonant zone leads to current sheet formation at the coil face, which minimizes the initial inductance of the pulse circuit and maximizes the potential electrical efficiency of the accelerator. A magnet assembly was constructed around an inductive coil to provide structural support to the selected arrangement of neodymium magnets. Measured values of the resulting magnetic field compare favorably with the finite element model.
Enhanced Simulink Induction Motor Model for Education and Maintenance Training
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Manuel Pineda-Sanchez
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The training of technicians in maintenance requires the use of signals produced by faulty machines in different operating conditions, which are difficult to obtain either from the industry or through destructive testing. Some tasks in electricity and control courses can also be complemented by an interactive induction machine model having a wider internal parameter configuration. This paper presents a new analytical model of induction machine under fault, which is able to simulate induction machines with rotor asymmetries and eccentricity in different load conditions, both stationary and transient states and yielding magnitudes such as currents, speed and torque. This model is faster computationally than the traditional method of simulating induction machine faults based on the Finite Element Method and also than other analytical models due to the rapid calculation of the inductances. The model is presented in Simulink by Matlab for the comprehension and interactivity with the students or lecturers and also to allow the easy combination of the effect of the fault with external influences, studying their consequences on a determined load or control system. An associated diagnosis tool is also presented.
Hallock, Ashley K.; Polzin, Kurt A.; Bonds, Kevin W.; Emsellem, Gregory D.
2011-01-01
Results are presented demonstrating the e ect of inductive coil geometry and current sheet trajectory on the exhaust velocity of propellant in conical theta pinch pulsed induc- tive plasma accelerators. The electromagnetic coupling between the inductive coil of the accelerator and a plasma current sheet is simulated, substituting a conical copper frustum for the plasma. The variation of system inductance as a function of plasma position is obtained by displacing the simulated current sheet from the coil while measuring the total inductance of the coil. Four coils of differing geometries were employed, and the total inductance of each coil was measured as a function of the axial displacement of two sep- arate copper frusta both having the same cone angle and length as the coil but with one compressed to a smaller size relative to the coil. The measured relationship between total coil inductance and current sheet position closes a dynamical circuit model that is used to calculate the resulting current sheet velocity for various coil and current sheet con gura- tions. The results of this model, which neglects the pinching contribution to thrust, radial propellant con nement, and plume divergence, indicate that in a conical theta pinch ge- ometry current sheet pinching is detrimental to thruster performance, reducing the kinetic energy of the exhausting propellant by up to 50% (at the upper bound for the parameter range of the study). The decrease in exhaust velocity was larger for coils and simulated current sheets of smaller half cone angles. An upper bound for the pinching contribution to thrust is estimated for typical operating parameters. Measurements of coil inductance for three di erent current sheet pinching conditions are used to estimate the magnetic pressure as a function of current sheet radial compression. The gas-dynamic contribution to axial acceleration is also estimated and shown to not compensate for the decrease in axial electromagnetic acceleration
Generalized Local Induction Equation, Elliptic Asymptotics, and Simulating Superfluid Turbulence
Strong, Scott A
2011-01-01
We prove the generalized induction equation and the generalized local induction equation (GLIE), which replaces the commonly used local induction approximation (LIA) to simulate the dynamics of vortex lines and thus superfluid turbulence. We show that the LIA is, without in fact any approximation at all, a general feature of the velocity field induced by any length of a curved vortex filament. Specifically, the LIA states that the velocity field induced by a curved vortex filament is asymmetric in the binormal direction. Up to a potential term, the induced incompressible field is given by the Biot-Savart integral, where we recall that there is a direct analogy between hydrodynamics and magnetostatics. Series approximations to the Biot-Savart integrand indicate a logarithmic divergence of the local field in the binormal direction. While this is qualitatively correct, LIA lacks metrics quantifying its small parameters. Regardless, LIA is used in vortex filament methods simulating the self-induced motion of quan...
Anterior endoderm and head induction in early vertebrate embryos.
de Souza, F S; Niehrs, C
2000-05-01
Early work on the formation of the vertebrate body axis indicated the existence of separate head- and trunk-inducing regions in Spemann's organizer of the amphibian gastrula. In mammals some head-organizing activity may be located in anterior visceral (extraembryonic) endoderm (AVE). By analogy, the equivalent structure in the Xenopus laevis gastrula, the anterior endoderm, has been proposed to be the amphibian head organizer. Here we review recent data that challenge this notion and indicate that the involvement of AVE in head induction seems to be an exclusively mammalian characteristic. In X. laevis and chick, it is the prechordal endomesoderm that is the dominant source of head-inducing signals during early gastrulation. Furthermore, head induction in mammals needs a combination of signals from anterior primitive endoderm, prechordal plate, and anterior ectoderm. Thus, despite the homology of vertebrate anterior primitive endoderm, a role in head induction seems not to be conserved.
Toward Effective Knowledge Acquisition with First-Order Logic Induction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张晓龙; Masyuki Numao
2002-01-01
Knowledge acquisition with machine learning techniques is a fundamental re-quirement for knowledge discovery from databases and data mining systems. Two techniquesin particular - inductive learning and theory revision - have been used toward this end. Amethod that combines both approaches to effectively acquire theories (regularity) from a setof training examples is presented. Inductive learning is used to acquire new regularity fromthe training examples; and theory revision is used to improve an initial theory. In addition, atheory preference criterion that is a combination of the MDL-based heuristic and the Laplaceestimate has been successfully employed in the selection of the promising theory. The resultingalgorithm developed by integrating inductive learning and theory revision and using the criterionhas the ability to deal with complex problems, obtaining useful theories in terms of its predictiveaccuracy.
A Model of Induction for Specialised Residential Care
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ann McWilliams
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The Social Care Education and Training Project at the Dublin Institute of Technology is a four year project funded by the Department of Health and Children. The project has increased the number of students enrolled in social care courses at the Institute and delivers Continued Professional Development courses for workers in the specialised residential units. The article describes an induction model developed and delivered by the project team to new workers in the specialised residential units in the Dublin region although the course is suitable for all residential care settings. The evaluation suggests that the majority of participants found the induction module worthwhile because it had a positive effect on their professional practice and increased their self confidence. This supports the need for formal induction training for all new workers to ensure they perform their professional duties effectively as possible in their new working environment.
Robust Parameter and Signal Estimation in Induction Motors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Børsting, H.
in nonlinear systems, have been exposed. The main objectives of this project are: - analysis and application of theories and methods for robust estimation of parameters in a model structure, obtained from knowledge of the physics of the induction motor. - analysis and application of theories and methods......-time approximation. All methods and theories have been evaluated on the basis of experimental results obtained from measurements on a laboratory setup. Standard methods have been modified and combined to obtain usable solutions to the estimation problems. The major results of the work can be summarized as follows......: - identifiability has been treated in theory and practice in connection with parameter and signal estimation in induction motors. - a non recursive prediction error method has successfully been used to estimate physical related parameters in a continuous-time model of the induction motor. The speed of the rotor has...
Modeling of velocity field for vacuum induction melting process
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Bo; JIANG Zhi-guo; LIU Kui; LI Yi-yi
2005-01-01
The numerical simulation for the recirculating flow of melting of an electromagnetically stirred alloy in a cylindrical induction furnace crucible was presented. Inductive currents and electromagnetic body forces in the alloy under three different solenoid frequencies and three different melting powers were calculated, and then the forces were adopted in the fluid flow equations to simulate the flow of the alloy and the behavior of the free surface. The relationship between the height of the electromagnetic stirring meniscus, melting power, and solenoid frequency was derived based on the law of mass conservation. The results show that the inductive currents and the electromagnetic forces vary with the frequency, melting power, and the physical properties of metal. The velocity and the height of the meniscus increase with the increase of the melting power and the decrease of the solenoid frequency.
Mathematical models applied in inductive non-destructive testing
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wac-Wlodarczyk, A.; Goleman, R.; Czerwinski, D. [Technical University of Lublin, 20 618 Lublin, Nadbystrzycka St 38a (Poland); Gizewski, T. [Technical University of Lublin, 20 618 Lublin, Nadbystrzycka St 38a (Poland)], E-mail: t.gizewski@pollub.pl
2008-10-15
Non-destructive testing are the wide group of investigative methods of non-homogenous material. Methods of computer tomography, ultrasonic, magnetic and inductive methods still developed are widely applied in industry. In apparatus used for non-destructive tests, the analysis of signals is made on the basis of complex system answers. The answer is linearized due to the model of research system. In this paper, the authors will discuss the applications of the mathematical models applied in investigations of inductive magnetic materials. The statistical models and other gathered in similarity classes will be taken into consideration. Investigation of mathematical models allows to choose the correct method, which in consequence leads to precise representation of the inner structure of examined object. Inductive research of conductive media, especially those with ferromagnetic properties, are run with high frequency magnetic field (eddy-currents method), which considerably decrease penetration depth.
The vaded ego state and the invisible bridging induction.
Emmerson, Gordon
2013-01-01
Abstract Ego state therapy is based on the assumption that personality is composed of parts. When people switch from 1 state to another, they take their ego identification with them, while their levels of affect, intellect, confidence, and skill change. A vaded ego state has become overwhelmed by fear or rejection such that when it becomes executive, it interferes with normal function and emotional stability. The angst these states carry are the root cause of psychological addictions, OCD, panic disorder, PTSD, a sense of unworthiness of love, extreme competitiveness, and much more. The invisible bridge is an induction technique that uses the somatic experience of the vaded state to provide a focus for hypnotic induction and a bridge to the original sensitizing event that vaded the previously normal state. This article contextualizes the vaded state within abnormal psychology and describes the invisible bridge induction.
Development of Kinetic Inductance Detectors for Far-Infrared Spectroscopy
Barlis, Alyssa; Aguirre, James E.; Stevenson, Thomas
2016-01-01
An instrument with high sensitivity and spectral resolution at far-infrared wavelengths could contribute significantly to several currently unanswered questions in astrophysics. Here, we describe a detector system suitable for a spectroscopic experiment at far-infrared wavelengths using kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs). KIDs have the potential to achieve high sensitivity and low noise levels. Specifically, the approach we take uses lumped-element KIDs, which consist of separate capacitive and inductive elements combined to form a microresonator. The inductive element serves as a direct radiation absorber. We describe the design considerations, fabrication process, and readout scheme for a prototype LEKID array of 1600 pixels, along with results from a prototype detector array.
Note: computational estimation of sparkgap inductance in nitrogen medium.
Mitra, S; Singh, Sandeep; Kumar, Ranjeet; Sharma, Archana; Mittal, K C
2014-04-01
In this Note, attempt has been made to analytically derive the inductance of a sparkgap arc channel using fundamental circuit theory, heat transfer theory, and gas plasma equations. Simulation of a picosecond phenomenon of arc channel formation is attempted using coupled codes. Arc channel is assumed to be cylindrical and modeled as finite number of small coaxial cylinders filled with gas plasma. Conductivity of each gas plasma cylinder is found by its temperature. Current distribution in the cylinders is calculated using circuit theory and change in the current distribution with time is simulated. Over all inductance of the arc channel is computed for the current density distribution. Simulation is done for fast sub-nanosecond rising pulse. Experiments are conducted to measure the arc channel inductance and validate the same with the value found using computation.
Metallothionein Induction by Cd(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiao Yan ZHANG; Xin GAO; Yan LI; Xiao Dong FAN
2006-01-01
The induction of MT(metallothionein) by Cd(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) in renal proximal tubule cells (LLC-PKI) and the effects of simultaneous administration of Cd(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) on MT induction were discussed. The two metals administered together are able to induce MT to almost 40 μg MT/mg protein. The additive production of MT may be due to two different effects by Cd(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) on the activation of MT transcription. The experiments of simultaneous administration of Cd(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) to the renal proximal tubule cells demonstrated the interaction of these metals, MT induction and proximal tubule toxicity.
Does induction really reduce the likelihood of caesarean section?
Wickham, Sara
2014-09-01
Two recent systematic reviews have arrived at the same, rather surprising and somewhat counter-intuitive result. That is, contrary to the belief and experience of many people who work on labour wards every day, induction of labour doesn't increase the chance of caesarean section at all. In fact, the reviewers argue, their results demonstrate that induction of labour reduces the likelihood of caesarean section. It might be that our instincts are wrong, and that we need to reconsider what we think we know. But before we rush to recommend induction as the latest tool to promote normal birth, we might want to look a bit more closely at the evidence, as I am not at all certain that this apparently straightforward conclusion is quite as cut-and-dried as it sounds.
NDCX-II PULSED POWER SYSTEM AND INDUCTION CELLS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Waldron, W.L.; Reginato, L.L.; Leitner, M.
2009-06-01
The Heavy Ion Fusion Science Virtual National Laboratory (HIFS-VNL) is currently finalizing the design of NDCX-II, the second phase of the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment, which will use an ion beam to explore Warm Dense Matter (WDM) and Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) target hydrodynamics. The ion induction accelerator will include induction cells and Blumleins from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). A test stand has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) to test refurbished ATA induction cells and pulsed power hardware for voltage holding and ability to produce various compression and acceleration waveforms. The performance requirements, design modifications, and test results will be presented.
Instability of induction cooker (electromagnetic stove) antigen retrieval in immunohistochemistry.
Ding, Wei; Zheng, Xiang-Yi
2012-03-01
An induction cooker is a modern electric cooker that takes electromagnetic induction principle to heat. As it has high efficiency, no open flame, and is safe and convenient, more and more laboratories use it as an antigen retrieval heating tool in immunohistochemistry. We found that there was still some instability with the induction cooker, because with certain antigens the power change influenced the results of immunohistochemistry staining, showing weaker staining intensity or decreased number of positive cells, but which were not entirely negative. For some antigens, it had no influence on results. The instability of this heating tool for antigen retrieval was caused partly by negligent operators, and which may influence the experimental results and the pathologic diagnosis.
Inductions Buffer Nurses' Job Stress, Health, and Organizational Commitment.
Kamau, Caroline; Medisauskaite, Asta; Lopes, Barbara
2015-01-01
Nurses suffer disproportionate levels of stress and are at risk of sickness-absence and turnover intentions, but there is a lack of research clarifying preventions. This study investigated the impact of inductions (job preparation courses) about mental health for nurses' job stress, general health, and organizational commitment. Data from 6,656 nurses were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM), showing that mental health inductions increase nurses' job satisfaction, which reduces their occupational stress and improves their health. SEM showed that these occupational health benefits increase the nurses' commitment to the organization. Job satisfaction (feeling valued, rewarded) also had a direct effect on nurses' intentions to continue working for the organization. Mental health inductions are therefore beneficial beyond job performance: they increase occupational health in the nursing profession.
Induction of interferon by levamisole in mice. [X radiation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Matsubara, S.; Suzuki, F.; Ishida, N.
1979-03-01
Viral inhibitor(s) with the properties of interferon (IF) was found in the sera of DDI mice injected intraperitoneally with 5 to 10 mg/kg of levamisole. A significant level of IF activity appeared by 20 hr and reached a peak by 24 hr after the injection. The induction was abrogated when the mice were pretreated with either whole-body x irradiation of more than 500 R or 2.5 mg of hydrocortisone acetate but was not affected by macrophage-specific depressors such as carrageenan and trypan blue. Also, no induction was detected in thymus-defective nude mice. These results suggest that thymus-derived lymphocytes in the mouse may be required for IF induction by levamisole.
Robust linear parameter varying induction motor control with polytopic models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dalila Khamari
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with a robust controller for an induction motor which is represented as a linear parameter varying systems. To do so linear matrix inequality (LMI based approach and robust Lyapunov feedback controller are associated. This new approach is related to the fact that the synthesis of a linear parameter varying (LPV feedback controller for the inner loop take into account rotor resistance and mechanical speed as varying parameter. An LPV flux observer is also synthesized to estimate rotor flux providing reference to cited above regulator. The induction motor is described as a polytopic model because of speed and rotor resistance affine dependence their values can be estimated on line during systems operations. The simulation results are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach where robustness stability and high performances have been achieved over the entire operating range of the induction motor.
Prophage induction and inactivation by uv light. [Haemophilus influenzae
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barnhart, B.J.; Cox, S.H.; Jett, J.H.
1976-06-01
Analysis of the induction curves for uv light-irradiated Haemophilus influenzae lysogens and the distribution of pyrimidine dimers in a repair-deficient lysogen suggests that one dimer per prophage-size segment of the host bacterial chromosome is necessary as a preinduction event. The close correlations obtained prompted a renewed consideration of the possibility that direct prophage induction occurs when one dimer is stabilized within the prophage genome. The host excision-repair system apparently functions to reduce the probability of stabilizing within the prophage those dimers that are necessary for induction and inactivation. The presence of the inducible defective prophage in strain Rd depresses the inducibility of prophage HP1c1.
MISOPROSTOL FOR INDUCTION OF LABOR IN TERM PREGNANCY
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gede Angga Permana AW
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Induction of labor refers to the process whereby uterine contractions are initiated bymedical or surgical means before the onset of spontaneous labor. Several studies haveshown that continuous intravenous infusion of oxytocin is less efficient, particularlywhen there are unfavorable cervical conditions, leading frequently to a cesarean section,because of induction failure. Misoprostol is a cervical modifying agent and laborinductor. The typical effect of a single dose of oral misoprostol is an increase in uterinetonus. Sustained plasma level of misoprostol is required for the development of regularcontractions appear. The bioavailability of vaginal misoprostol also greater compared tooral, sublingual and rectal administration. Using misoprostol for cervical ripening andlabor induction represented a 47% reduction in the risk of having a cesarean section(risk ratio = 0.53. In cases of unfavorable cervix condition, the use of misoprostolcould produce several beneficial effects compared to other inductor such as oxytocin
Synthesis of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes by Inductive Heating CCVD
Biris, A. R.; Biris, A. S.; Lupu, D.; Trigwell, S.; Rahman, Z. U.; Aldea, N.; Marginean, P.
2005-01-01
The CCVD syntheses of MWCNTs from acetylene on Fe:Co:CaCO 3 and Fe:Co:CaO were performed using two different methods of heating: outer furnace and inductive heating. The comparative analysis of the MWCNTs obtained by the two methods show that the tubes grown in inductive heating have smaller diameters (5-25 nm), with fewer walls and aspect ratio of the order of hundreds. The ratio of outer to inner diameter (od/id) is ranging between 2 and 2.5. Inductively assisted CCVD is a very attractive method because of the major advantages that it presents, like low energetic consumption, thinner, well crystallized and more uniform tubes.
Induction Motor Parameter Identification Using a Gravitational Search Algorithm
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omar Avalos
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The efficient use of electrical energy is a topic that has attracted attention for its environmental consequences. On the other hand, induction motors represent the main component in most industries. They consume the highest energy percentages in industrial facilities. This energy consumption depends on the operation conditions of the induction motor imposed by its internal parameters. Since the internal parameters of an induction motor are not directly measurable, an identification process must be conducted to obtain them. In the identification process, the parameter estimation is transformed into a multidimensional optimization problem where the internal parameters of the induction motor are considered as decision variables. Under this approach, the complexity of the optimization problem tends to produce multimodal error surfaces for which their cost functions are significantly difficult to minimize. Several algorithms based on evolutionary computation principles have been successfully applied to identify the optimal parameters of induction motors. However, most of them maintain an important limitation: They frequently obtain sub-optimal solutions as a result of an improper equilibrium between exploitation and exploration in their search strategies. This paper presents an algorithm for the optimal parameter identification of induction motors. To determine the parameters, the proposed method uses a recent evolutionary method called the gravitational search algorithm (GSA. Different from most of the existent evolutionary algorithms, the GSA presents a better performance in multimodal problems, avoiding critical flaws such as the premature convergence to sub-optimal solutions. Numerical simulations have been conducted on several models to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Binary gene induction and protein expression in individual cells
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Conolly Rory B
2006-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Eukaryotic gene transcription is believed to occur in either a binary or a graded fashion. With binary induction, a transcription activator (TA regulates the probability with which a gene template is switched from the inactive to the active state without affecting the rate at which RNA molecules are produced from the template. With graded, also called rheostat-like, induction the gene template has continuously varying levels of transcriptional activity, and the TA regulates the rate of RNA production. Support for each of these two mechanisms arises primarily from experimental studies measuring reporter proteins in individual cells, rather than from direct measurement of induction events at the gene template. Methods and results In this paper, using a computational model of stochastic gene expression, we have studied the biological and experimental conditions under which a binary induction mode operating at the gene template can give rise to differentially expressed "phenotypes" (i.e., binary, hybrid or graded at the protein level. We have also investigated whether the choice of reporter genes plays a significant role in determining the observed protein expression patterns in individual cells, given the diverse properties of commonly-used reporter genes. Our simulation confirmed early findings that the lifetimes of active/inactive promoters and half-lives of downstream mRNA/protein products are important determinants of various protein expression patterns, but showed that the induction time and the sensitivity with which the expressed genes are detected are also important experimental variables. Using parameter conditions representative of reporter genes including green fluorescence protein (GFP and β-galactosidase, we also demonstrated that graded gene expression is more likely to be observed with GFP, a longer-lived protein with low detection sensitivity. Conclusion The choice of reporter genes may determine whether protein
Appraisal of electromagnetic induction effects on magnetic pulsation studies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B. R. Arora
Full Text Available The quantification of wave polarization characteristics of ULF waves from the geomagnetic field variations is done under ‘a priori’ assumption that fields of internal induced currents are in-phase with the external inducing fields. Such approximation is invalidated in the regions marked by large lateral conductivity variations that perturb the flow pattern of induced currents. The amplitude and phase changes that these perturbations produce, in the resultant fields at the Earth’s surface, make determination of polarization and phase of the oscillating external signals problematic. In this paper, with the help of a classical Pc5 magnetic pulsation event of 24 March 1991, recorded by dense network of magnetometers in the equatorial belt of Brazil, we document the nature and extent of the possible influence of anomalous induction effects in the wave polarization of ULF waves. The presence of anomalous induction effects at selected sites lead to an over estimation of the equatorial enhancement at pulsation period and also suggest changes in the azimuth of ULF waves as they propagate through the equatorial electrojet. Through numerical calculations, it is shown that anomalous horizontal fields, that result from induction in the lateral conductivity distribution in the study region, vary in magnitude and phase with the polarization of external source field. Essentially, the induction response is also a function of the period of external inducing source field. It is further shown that when anomalous induction fields corresponding to the magnitude and polarization of the 24 March 1991 pulsation event are eliminated from observed fields, corrected amplitude in the X and Y horizontal components allows for true characterisation of ULF wave parameters.
Key words. Geomagnetism and paleomagnetism (geomagnetic induction – Ionosphere (equatorial ionosphere – Magnetospheric physics (magnetosphere-ionosphere interactions
Minimum Inductance Optimal Design for the Gradient Coil
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
In MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), a crucial role of gradient coils is to image organism, meanwhile the inductance of the coils determines the speed of imaging. So it is of great importance to optimize designs of the gradient coils. The target field approach is an effective method to design the gradient coils. Having applied this method and performing many numerical tests, we achieved the designs of the x-、y-、z- gradient coils , with the linearity of the fields generated by the coils in a sphere of radius 0.30 m less than 5%, in which the inductance and resistance of the coils also meet the requirements.
Principal leadership in new teacher induction: Becoming agents of change
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
FINNEY CHERIAN
2008-02-01
Full Text Available This small-scale pilot study investigated the role of school principals in the induction of new teachers in Ontario, Canada. Building upon the theoretical framework of Bolman and Deal (2002, as well as interviews, document analysis, and review of extant literature, the following findings were established: (a Principals expressed that the educative mentorship of novices requires the engagement of the entireschool community; and (b Principals, veterans, and novices saw teaching as an intellectual, moral, and political endeavor that required their collective involvement. We suggest that principals employ the notion of “communities of practice” to instill a culture of support for new teacher induction.
A novel induction motor control scheme using IDA-PBC
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Humberto GONZ(A)LEZ; Manuel A. DUARTE-MERMOUD; Ian PELISSIER; Juan Carlos TRAVIESO-TORRES; Romeo ORTEGA
2008-01-01
A new control scheme for induction motors is proposed in the present paper, applying the interconnection and damping assignment-passivity based control (IDA-PBC) method. The scheme is based exclusively on passivity based control, without restricting the input frequency as it is done in field oriented control (FOC). A port-controlled Hamiltonian (PCH) model of the induction motor is deduced to make the interconnection and damping of energy explicit on the scheme. The proposed controller is validated under computational simulations and experimental tests using an inverter prototype.
Dynamically Reconfigurable Control Struture for Three Phase Induction Motor Drives
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rajendran Ramasamy
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs are a suitable hardware platform for the industrial control systems. These dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs can be used as an alternative digital solution to conventional microcontrollers and DSPs to ensure fast operation. This paper presents the feasibility of embedding the Direct Torque Control with Space Vector Modulation (DTC-SVM of an induction motor into FPGA.The DTC-SVM of induction motor drives is simulated in a Matlab/Simulink environment using a Xilinx System Generator.
Digital Simulation of Space Vector Modulation Based Induction Motor Drive
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G.V. Siva Krishna Rao and T.S. Surendra
2011-04-01
Full Text Available This study deals with simulation of Space vector modulated inverter fed induction motor drive. The drive system is modeled using matlab simulink and the results are presented. This drive has advantages like reduced harmonics and heating. Fixed AC is converted into DC and this DC is converted into variable voltage and variable frequency AC using SVM inverter. The output of SVM is applied to the stator of induction motor. The simulation results are compared with the analytical results. The FFT analysis shows that the current spectrum has reduced harmonics compared to the conventional system.
Joule heating of Io's ionosphere by unipolar induction currents
Herbert, F.; Lichtenstein, B. R.
1980-01-01
Electrical induction in Io's ionosphere, due to the corotating plasma bound to the Jovian magnetosphere, is one possible source for the attainment of the high temperatures suggested by the large scale height of Io's ionosphere. Unipolar induction models are constructed to calculate ionospheric joule heating numerically, whose heating rates lie between 10 to the -9th and 10 to the -8th W/cu m. The binding and coupling of the ionosphere is due to the dense, and possibly ionized, neutral SO2 atmosphere, and there appears to be no need to postulate the existence of an intrinsic Ionian magnetic field in order to retain the observed ionnosphere.
Optical atomic magnetometry for magnetic induction tomography of the heart
Deans, Cameron; Hussain, Sarah; Renzoni, Ferruccio
2016-01-01
We report on the use of radio-frequency optical atomic magnetometers for magnetic induction tomography measurements. We demonstrate the imaging of dummy targets of varying conductivities placed in the proximity of the sensor, in an unshielded environment at room-temperature and without background subtraction. The images produced by the system accurately reproduce the characteristics of the actual objects. Furthermore, we perform finite element simulations in order to assess the potential for measuring low-conductivity biological tissues with our system. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of an instrument based on optical atomic magnetometers for magnetic induction tomography imaging of biological samples, in particular for mapping anomalous conductivity in the heart.
Fuzzy logic estimator of rotor time constant in induction motors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alminoja, J. [Tampere University of Technology (Finland). Control Engineering Laboratory; Koivo, H. [Helsinki University of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Control Engineering Laboratory
1997-12-31
Vector control of AC machines is a well-known and widely used technique in induction machine control. It offers an exact method for speed control of induction motors, but it is also sensitive to the changes in machine parameters. E.g. rotor time constant has a strong dependence on temperature. In this paper a fuzzy logic estimator is developed, with which the rotor time constant can be estimated when the machine has a load. It is more simple than the estimators proposed in the literature. The fuzzy estimator is tested by simulation when step-wise abrupt changes and slow drifting occurs. (orig.) 7 refs.
Inversion of Array Induction Logs and Its Application
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Gao Jie; Zhao Aibin; Peng Fei; Li Hongqi
2007-01-01
With the help of the modified geometrical factor theory, the Marquardt method was used to calculate the true electrical parameters of the formation from array induction logs. The inversion results derived from the assumed model and some practical cases show that the rebuilt formation profile determined by 2-ft resolution array induction logs is reasonable when the formation thickness is greater than 1 m, which thus indicates that the inversion method is reliable and can provide quantitative information for the discrimination of oil/gas or water zone.
Improved wavelet analysis for induction motors mixed-fault diagnosis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Hanlei; ZHOU Jiemin; LI Gang
2007-01-01
Eccentricity is one of the frequent faults of induction motors,and it may cause rub between the rotor and the stator.Early detection of significant rub from pure eccentricity can prolong the lifespan of induction motors.This paper is devoted to such mixed-fault diagnosis:eccentricity plus rub fault.The continuous wavelet transform(CWT)is employed to analyze vibration signals obtained from the motor body.An improved continuous wavelet trartsform was proposed to alleviate the frequency aliasing.Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively distinguish two types of faults,single-fault of eccentricity and mixed-fault of eccentricity plus rub.
Electromagnetic induction imaging with a radio-frequency atomic magnetometer
Deans, Cameron; Hussain, Sarah; Renzoni, Ferruccio
2016-01-01
We report on a compact, tunable, and scalable to large arrays imaging device, based on a radio-frequency optically pumped atomic magnetometer operating in magnetic induction tomography modality. Imaging of conductive objects is performed at room temperature, in an unshielded environment and without background subtraction. Conductivity maps of target objects exhibit not only excellent performance in terms of shape reconstruction but also demonstrate detection of sub-millimetric cracks and penetration of conductive barriers. The results presented here demonstrate the potential of a future generation of imaging instruments, which combine magnetic induction tomography and the unmatched performance of atomic magnetometers.
Optical induction scheme for assembling nondiffracting aperiodic Vogel spirals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diebel, Falko, E-mail: falko.diebel@uni-muenster.de; Rose, Patrick; Boguslawski, Martin; Denz, Cornelia [Institut für Angewandte Physik and Center for Nonlinear Science (CeNoS), Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, 48149 Münster (Germany)
2014-05-12
We introduce an experimental approach to realize aperiodic photonic lattices based on multiplexing of nondiffracting Bessel beams. This holographic optical induction scheme takes advantage of the well localized Bessel beam as a basis to assemble two-dimensional photonic lattices. We present the realization of an optically induced two-dimensional golden-angle Vogel spiral lattice, which belongs to the family of deterministic aperiodic structures. With our technique, a very broad class of photonic refractive index landscapes now becomes accessible to optical induction, which could not be realized with established distributed holographic techniques.
Dispersion-Engineered Traveling Wave Kinetic Inductance Parametric Amplifier
Zmuidzinas, Jonas (Inventor); Day, Peter K. (Inventor)
2014-01-01
A traveling wave kinetic inductance parametric amplifier comprises a superconducting transmission line and a dispersion control element. The transmission line can include periodic variations of its dimension along its length. The superconducting material can include a high normal state resistivity material. In some instances the high normal state resistivity material includes nitrogen and a metal selected from the group consisting of titanium, niobium and vanadium. The traveling wave kinetic inductance parametric amplifier is expected to exhibit a noise temperature below 100 mK/GHz.
Direct Torque Control for Double Star Induction Motor
LEKHCHINE, SALIMA; BAHI, TAHAR; Soufi, Youcef
2016-01-01
This paper describes a direct torque control (DTC) of dual star induction motor (DSIM). This machine possesses several advantages over conventional three-phase machine and is also known as the six-phase induction machine. The research has been underway for the last two decades to investigate the various issues related to the use of six-phase machine as a potential alternative to the conventional three-phase machine. Though six-phase machines have existed for some time, in the literature very ...
On the role of Cro in lambda prophage induction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Svenningsen, Sine Lo; Constantino, Nina; Court, Donald L
2005-01-01
The lysogenic state of bacteriophage ¿ is exceptionally stable yet the prophage is readily induced in response to DNA damage. This delicate epigenetic switch is believed to be regulated by two proteins; the lysogenic maintenance promoting protein CI and the early lytic protein Cro. First, we conf...... of the cro gene might be unimportant for the lysogenic to lytic switch during induction of the ¿ prophage. We revisit the idea that Cro's primary role in induction is instead to mediate weak repression of the early lytic promoters....
Virtual Induction Loops Based on Cooperative Vehicular Communications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maria Calderon
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Induction loop detectors have become the most utilized sensors in traffic management systems. The gathered traffic data is used to improve traffic efficiency (i.e., warning users about congested areas or planning new infrastructures. Despite their usefulness, their deployment and maintenance costs are expensive. Vehicular networks are an emerging technology that can support novel strategies for ubiquitous and more cost-effective traffic data gathering. In this article, we propose and evaluate VIL (Virtual Induction Loop, a simple and lightweight traffic monitoring system based on cooperative vehicular communications. The proposed solution has been experimentally evaluated through simulation using real vehicular traces.
Synthesis of Strontium Carbonate by the Induction of Microbiology
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUO Ji-Chuan; LIU Shu-Xin; WANG Li-Na; LEI Hong
2012-01-01
Spherical strontium carbonate was synthesized by the induction of microbial bacillus pasteurii at ambient temperature with strontium chloride and urea as the raw materials. The phase composition, particle size and morphology of the product were studied by XRD and SEM. The results indicated that the strontium carbonate synthesized by the induction of microbial bacillus pasteurii was of good dispersion and uniform particle size. The spherical strontium carbonate particles obtained by adding different control agents were constructed by numerous flakes or olive-shaped nano-particles. The products were orthorhombic according to their XRD patterns.
Fault detection and isolation in processes involving induction machines
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zell, K.; Medvedev, A. [Control Engineering Group, Luleaa University of Technology, Luleaa (Sweden)
1997-12-31
A model-based technique for fault detection and isolation in electro-mechanical systems comprising induction machines is introduced. Two coupled state observers, one for the induction machine and another for the mechanical load, are used to detect and recognize fault-specific behaviors (fault signatures) from the real-time measurements of the rotor angular velocity and terminal voltages and currents. Practical applicability of the method is verified in full-scale experiments with a conveyor belt drive at SSAB, Luleaa Works. (orig.) 3 refs.
Numerical simulation of inclination vibration in magnetic induction micromachines
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, J-Y; Zhou, J-B; Zhang, W-M; Meng, G [State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)], E-mail: jerrycc@sjtu.edu.cn
2008-02-15
This paper studies the inclination vibration of an axial-flux magnetic induction micromachine which is supported by hydrostatic thrust bearings. A mechanical model for the rotor and the corresponding fluid-film bearing is combined with an electromagnetic force model to study the linear and nonlinear rotordynamics of the system. Results obtained for the stability show that magnetic induction micromachine would encounter severe instability problem at high speed operations. The model developed here could serve as a useful reference for design optimization and operation scheme.
Numerical simulation of inclination vibration in magnetic induction micromachines
Chen, J.-Y.; Zhou, J.-B.; Zhang, W.-M.; Meng, G.
2008-02-01
This paper studies the inclination vibration of an axial-flux magnetic induction micromachine which is supported by hydrostatic thrust bearings. A mechanical model for the rotor and the corresponding fluid-film bearing is combined with an electromagnetic force model to study the linear and nonlinear rotordynamics of the system. Results obtained for the stability show that magnetic induction micromachine would encounter severe instability problem at high speed operations. The model developed here could serve as a useful reference for design optimization and operation scheme.