Sample records for beslan school siege

  1. Narratives from caregivers of children surviving the terrorist attack in Beslan: issues of health, culture, and resilience. (United States)

    Moscardino, Ughetta; Axia, Giovanna; Scrimin, Sara; Capello, Fabia


    Acts of terrorism have an extremely negative impact on the mental health of children and families. The school siege in Beslan, Russia, in 2004, represents a particularly traumatizing event as it was directed specifically at children and involved the entire community. This qualitative study aims to: (a) examine caregiver reactions to the terrorist attack in Beslan as reported 3 months after the traumatic event; (b) determine the extent to which indigenous cultural values and religious belief systems play a role in Beslan's caregivers' reactions to such event; and (c) identify variables that may function as sources of resilience to caregivers. A convenience sample of 17 primary caregivers from Beslan with at least one child who survived the school siege were asked to participate in semi-structured interviews. Narratives generated from the interviews were qualitatively analyzed using a thematic approach; nine major themes were identified. Caregivers' concerns centered on children's physical and psychological well-being, the reorganization of family life, and the disruption of community ties. Cultural values of pride, heroism, courage, and revenge emerged as relevant aspects shaping caregivers' reactions to the traumatic event. Possible sources of resilience included the willingness to return to normality, social support, and the reaffirmation of positive, culturally shared values in face of the perceived threat of future terrorist attacks. Findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical implications on the effects of trauma on children and families as well as interventions with highly traumatized populations in diverse cultural settings. PMID:17257726

  2. Photojournalistic coverage of the attack against the school of Beslan in six Portuguese and Brazilian newsmagazines A cobertura fotojornalística do atentado à escola de Beslan em seis newsmagazines portuguesas e brasileiras

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    Maria Érica de Oliveira Lima


    Full Text Available This work describes how six Portuguese and Brazilian newsmagazines used photojournalism to cover the attack against the school of Beslan (Russia on september 2004, through a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the speech. Main conclusions: 1 Photos had been a structural element of the narrative and had contributed to support a speech of condemnation and excommunication of the terrorists; 2 Photojournalists used historically consolidated professional routines and standards, what shows that history helps to define the shape of news photos; 3 Photojournalism is as selective and biased as written journalism: shows in the same proportion that hides. O texto descreve-se como seis newsmagazines portuguesas e brasileiras cobriram fotojornalisticamente o atentado à escola de Beslan (Rússia em setembro de 2004, através de uma análise quantitativa e qualitativa do discurso. Principais conclusões: 1 As fotografias foram estruturantes da narrativa e contribuíram para suportar um discurso de condenação e excomunhão dos terroristas; 2 Os fotojornalistas recuperaram padrões históricos de abordagem da realidade, enfatizando que a história contribui para moldar a forma das fotonotícias; 3 O discurso fotojornalístico é tão selectivo e enviesado como o verbal: mostra na mesma medida em que oculta.

  3. The Siege / Lauri Saaber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaber, Lauri


    Mängufilm "Sõjaseisukord" ("The Siege") : režissöör Edward Zwick : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998 : Mängufilm "Sulle on sõnum" ("Youþve Got Mail") : Stsenarist ja režissöör Nora Ephron : Ameerika Ühendriigid 1998

  4. John B. Dunlop, The 2002 Dubrovka and 2004 Beslan Hostage Crises. A Critique of Russian Counter-Terrorism. With a foreword by Donald N. Jensen. Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2006, 166 pages.

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    Amandine Regamey


    Full Text Available An author of numerous books on Russia and Chechnya, John Dunlop dedicates this study to examining the management by Russian authorities of the two main hostage crises since the beginning of the second war in Chechnya in 1999. The first part analyses the Beslan hostage-taking in September 2004, in which more than 1000 persons, mainly children, were detained in a school in a small in North Ossetian town. Officially, 317 hostages were killed in this terrorist act for which Bassaev claimed respon...

  5. Communication of 6 September 2004 received from the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation concerning the recent tragic events in Beslan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Director General has received a letter from the Resident Representative of the Russian Federation, attaching a statement by the President of the Russian Federation, President Vladimir Putin, concerning the recent tragic events in Beslan. In the light of the request expressed in the letter, the text of the letter and its attachment is attached hereto

  6. Waiting, Part One of a Sarajevo Novel: The Figure of the Siege and the Refugee in a Selection of Twentieth-Century Siege-Exile Literature


    Morris, Priscilla


    The Painter of Bridges is a hybrid siege-exile novel about a landscape painter, Zora Buka, who loses her life’s work in a fire during the siege of Sarajevo. Part One, presented in the creative paper, is set in Sarajevo and depicts Zora’s experience of the first ten months of the siege. Part Two is set in England: Zora recollects her escape from Sarajevo, and waits for her asylum claim to be accepted. The novel is therefore concerned with portraying the exceptional states of life under s...

  7. 'The child's past in the adult's present': The trauma of the Siege of Leningrad (1941-1944). (United States)

    Gulina, Marina


    This study deals with the individual and collective memory of Leningrad Siege survivors who experienced mass and prolonged wartime trauma during childhood (1941-44). While much has been published about the Siege, there has to date been no investigation by psychologists into the effects of extreme deprivation on Siege victims apart from one pilot study (Gulina et al., 2005). This study is still underway. Interviews with 80 participants (68 female and 12 male) are analysed and discussed here. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) and content analysis are utilized. Unpublished archival writings by children caught in the Siege have been analysed. The principal method of interpretation is based on a psychoanalytic understanding of child development, mourning and the metabolizing of traumatic experience. The subjective meaning of the Siege experience to individual children is considered. PMID:26452445

  8. Heritage under siege: military implementation of the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.D. Kila


    Heritage under Siege is the result of a five year long multidisciplinary research focusing on military implementation of protecting and safeguarding Cultural Heritage in the event of conflict. The subject necessitated to involve legal obligations and implications. The main juridical framework in whi

  9. Bunker Conversion and the Overcoming of Siege Mentality

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    Diane Morgan


    Full Text Available Bunkers are concrete responses to threats, whether these be real or imagined. They are indicators of a defensive attitude and a siege mentality. My paper wishes to analyse specific sites of historical reinscription, where such constructions have undergone a process of cultural transformation which has converted them into places of creative experimentation, ludic activity and everyday use. Such initiatives in translation are important ways of reworking the past, addressing presents needs and projecting different- less reactive, and maybe more pacific- prospects for the future. A similar undertaking was proposed by Henri de Saint-Simon when he diverted the term “avant-garde” away from its military implementation towards more a progressive usage. The “avant-garde” became an experimental association of artists working together for the benefit of society as an evolving whole.In On Social Organisation Saint-Simon described the “avant-garde” as follows:They [the artists, the men of imagination] will lead the way in that great undertaking; they will proclaim the future of mankind; they will bring back the golden age from the past to enrich future generations; they will inspire society with enthusiasm for the increase of its well-being by laying before it a tempting picture of a new prosperity.Economic “prosperity” might well be an appealing prospect for “us”, especially in these times of “crisis” when “we” are made to feel that our day-to-day existence is precarious. However, when Saint-Simon employs the term “new prosperity”, he is envisaging social values that are largely incompatible with capitalist consumer “culture” and competitive “market forces”. His suggestion that new technologies should serve to nationalize “luxury” and internationalise peace would require a radically different approach to social organisation from that prevalent today. Likewise, the demilitarized bunkers I wish to analyse also figure

  10. Cultural Trauma and Christian Identity in the Late Medieval Heroic Epic, The Siege of Jerusalem. (United States)

    DeMarco, Patricia A


    This essay examines scenes of violence in the late medieval poem The Siege of Jerusalem in order to reveal the ways in which trauma is used as the grounds upon which Christian/Jewish difference is established. In particular, I argue that this poem serves as an example of a widespread element in Christian chivalric identity, namely the need to manage the repetitive invocation of Christ's crucifixion (ritually repeated through liturgical and poetic invocation) as a means of asserting both the bodily and psychic integrity of the Christian subject in contrast to the violently abjected figure of the Jewish body. The failure of The Siege protagonist, Wespasian, to navigate the cultural trauma of the crucifixion is contrasted to the successful management of trauma by the martial hero, Tancred, in Tasso's epic, Gerusalemme Liberata, illustrating the range of imaginative possibilities for understanding trauma in pre-modern war literature. PMID:26949207

  11. Biological Warfare Plan in the 17th Century—the Siege of Candia, 1648–1669. (United States)

    Thalassinou, Eleni; Tsiamis, Costas; Poulakou-Rebelakou, Effie; Hatzakis, Angelos


    A little-known effort to conduct biological warfare occurred during the 17th century. The incident transpired during the Venetian–Ottoman War, when the city of Candia (now Heraklion, Greece) was under siege by the Ottomans (1648–1669). The data we describe, obtained from the Archives of the Venetian State, are related to an operation organized by the Venetian Intelligence Services, which aimed at lifting the siege by infecting the Ottoman soldiers with plague by attacking them with a liquid made from the spleens and buboes of plague victims. Although the plan was perfectly organized, and the deadly mixture was ready to use, the attack was ultimately never carried out. The conception and the detailed cynical planning of the attack on Candia illustrate a dangerous way of thinking about the use of biological weapons and the absence of reservations when potential users, within their religious framework, cast their enemies as undeserving of humanitarian consideration. PMID:26894254

  12. Healthcare under siege: Geopolitics of medical service provision in the Gaza Strip. (United States)

    Smith, Ron J


    Siege, a process of political domination aimed at isolating an entire population, represents a unique threat to healthcare provision. This study is a qualitative examination of the impacts of siege on the practices and systems that underlie health in Gaza. Data are from participant observation conducted over a period of six years (2009-2014), along over 20 interviews with doctors and health administrators in the Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), Governmental, and United Nations sectors. Analyses were informed by two connected theories. First, the theory of surplus population was used, an idea that builds on Marx's conception of primitive accumulation and Harvey's accumulation by dispossession. Second, Roy's theory of de-development was used, particularly as it is connected to neoliberal trends in healthcare systems organizing and financing. Findings indicate that siege impinges on effective healthcare provision through two central, intertwined processes: withholding materials and resources and undermining healthcare at a systems level. These strains pose considerable threats to healthcare, particularly within the Ministry of Health but also within and among other entities in Gaza that deliver care. The strategies of de-development described by participants reflect the ways the population that is codified as a surplus population. Gazan society is continually divested of any of the underpinnings necessary for a well-functioning sovereign health care infrastructure. Instead of a self-governing, independent system, this analysis of health care structures in Gaza reveals a system that is continually at risk of being comprised entirely of captive consumers who are entirely dependent on Israel, international bodies, and the aid industry for goods and services. This study points to the importance of foregrounding the geopolitical context for analysis of medical service delivery within conflict settings. Findings also highlight the importance of advocating for

  13. Access under Siege: Are the Gains of Open Education Keeping Pace with the Growing Barriers to University Access? (United States)

    Olcott, Don, Jr.


    Traditional and affordable access to a university education is under siege from all sides. National realpolitiks and global economic downturns have driven open education into the mainstream to stand against educational elitism, the growing digital divide, and to support the core values that give education its fundamental credence as a human right.…

  14. The Siege of Port Hudson: "Forty Days and Nights in the Wilderness of Death." Revised. Teaching with Historic Places. (United States)

    Potts, Gregg; Bergeron, Arthur W., Jr.

    This lesson describes and discusses the U.S. Civil War Siege of Port Hudson (Louisiana). Based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "Port Hudson Battlefield," the lesson cites objectives and lists materials for students, and provides information for a site visit. It contains eight sections: (1) "About this Lesson"; (2)…

  15. Under Siege

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Dealing with household garbage has become a growing headache for Chinese cities A series of photos named Rubbish-besieged City, which won Wang Jiuliang the Golden Award for Excellence at the Lianzhou International Photo Festival 2009, has attracted considerable public attention after being posted on, a popular

  16. Beslan : god spustja / Orhan Jemal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jemal, Orhan


    Beslanist aasta pärast pantvangitragöödiat. Ainsana ellujäänud pantvangivõtja Nur-Pashi Kulajevi kohtuprotsessist Vladikavkazis, väljavõtteid tema tunnistustest. Kui kohalikud elanikud on kooliõpilaste hukkumise süüdlasi otsinud vabariigi piires, siis nn. ametlik Osseetia võim on artikli autori sõnul leidnud vaenlase kohalikes moslemites, pärast terroriakti on islami positsioon Osseetias nõrgenenud

  17. Universalism under siege? Exploring the association between targeting, child benefits and child poverty across 26 countries. (United States)

    Van Lancker, Wim; Van Mechelen, Natascha


    The long-standing wisdom that universally designed benefits outperform targeted benefits in terms of poverty reduction has come under siege. Recent empirical studies tend to find that targeting is not necessarily associated anymore with lower levels of poverty reduction. In this study, we investigate for a broad set of European countries (1) the relationship between child benefits and child poverty reduction; (2) whether a universal or targeted approach is more effective in reducing child poverty; and (3) the causal mechanisms explaining the link between (1) and (2). In doing so, we take into account the general characteristics of the child benefit system, the size of the redistributive budget and the generosity of benefit levels. In contrast to previous studies, we construct an indicator of targeting that captures the design instead of the outcomes of child benefit systems. We find that targeting towards lower incomes is associated with higher levels of child poverty reduction, conditional on the direction of targeting and the characteristics of the benefit system. PMID:25592921

  18. Nothing, Not a Scrap of Identity: Janet Frame's Vision of Self and Knowledge in A State of Siege


    Gabrielle, Cindy


    Still largely unexplored, Janet Frame’s deep interest in eastern philosophies provides an illuminating point of entry into her sixth novel, A State of Siege. Questing for a New View, an amateur-painter constantly harps back to the kind of fossilized aesthetic that draws a clear line between the perceiver and the perceived. However, step by step, trial after trial, the main protagonist is made to discard her cherished sense of apartness to embrace instead a state of utter non-distinction. In c...

  19. Access under siege: Are the gains of open education keeping pace with the growing barriers to University access?

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    Don Olcott Jr


    Full Text Available Traditional and affordable access to a university education is under siege from all sides. National realpolitiks and global economic downturns have driven open education into the mainstream to stand against educational elitism, the growing digital divide, and to support the core values that give education its fundamental credence as a human right. Indeed, open is good—open with measurable impacts is even better. In the final analysis, the future of open education is at a crossroads that must be driven by those core values that define education as an essential human right with a commitment to expanding access and strengthening academic quality.

  20. The 'right' side of the law: state of siege and the rise of fascism in interwar Romania


    Cercel, Cosmin Sebastian


    The aim of this article is to problematize one of the most audacious tenets of the new consensus, namely the revolutionary character of fascism, by linking together the experience of the state of siege and the emergence of the fascist movement in interwar Romania. It tries to do so by drawing on the philosophical underpinnings of the paradigm of the state of exception developed by Giorgio Agamben and Walter Benjamin’s critique of law and violence. In a first part my aim is to present the main...

  1. The siege of Azaila (Teruel: a critical re-reading of the archaeological evidence

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    Hourcade, David


    Full Text Available It is generally considered that during the Sertorian Wars, the site of Cabezo de Alcalá (Azaila, Teruel underwent a siege that would have led to its abandonment. But, despite the apparent accumulation of evidence, a critical re-reading of the traces discovered leaves the reality of this confl ict open to doubt. No urban defence seems to have been built by the community and the «barricades» are perhaps no more than mounds of stones of recent date. Moreover, the two torsion catapults and hand-held weapons —considered evidence of heavy fi ghting and the inhabitants’ resistance— are probably only ancient trophies, while the artillery projectiles discovered could come from the municipal arsenal. Finally, the slope situated to the south of the upper city is probably not an assault ramp, but a simple embankment, later converted to provide easier access to the summit of Cabezo.

    On considère généralement que, lors des guerres sertoriennes, le site de Cabezo de Alcalá (Azaila, Teruel a subi un siège qui aurait conduit à son abandon. Or, malgré l’apparente accumulation de preuves, une relecture critique des vestiges découverts permet de douter de la réalité de ce confl it. Ainsi, aucune défense urbaine ne semble avoir été ajoutée par la communauté et les «barricades» ne sont peut-être que des pierriers d’époque moderne. De même, les deux catapultes de torsion et les armes de poing —censées prouver l’âpreté du combat et la résistance des habitants— ne sont vraisemblablement que des anciens trophées, alors que les boulets découverts pourraient provenir de l’arsenal municipal. Enfi n, il est probable que le talus situé au sud de la ville haute ne soit pas une rampe d’assaut construite par les assaillants, mais une simple rampe d’accès aménagée postérieurement pour rendre l’accès au sommet du site plus aisé.

  2. «Ad finem vincendi et habendi civitatem per viam obsidionis stricte et continuos stimulos». The siege of Trieste in 1368-69

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    Donata Degrassi


    Full Text Available In 1368-69, Trieste sustained, by the Venetians, a siege that lasted for almost one year, at the end of which the city did not surrender due to hunger but following a battle in which the Austrian forces, that had come to help the people of Trieste, were defeated. The siege was reconstructed on the base of news – a great part from Venetian sources – that handed down the memory of these events and above all on the remains of an exchange of letters between the doge Andrea Contarini and the commander of the Venetian troops positioned under the wall of Trieste, Domenico Michel. This deals with a method that is not very customary, that supplies a large quantity of information regarding the conduction of a siege, but even the difficulties that the besieging armies encounter. The comparison between this unintentional source and the chronicles relevant to the event permit us to verify through what mechanisms of selection and through which processes of elaboration are identified and presented in the historical narrations of the elements to pass down to those which follow – in other words, to become history – and what significance is attributed to them. Finally, a brief treatment of the subject regarding the discussion that was started in Trieste between the Nineteenth and Twentieth century regarding these events which occurred such a long time ago, that, however, marked the start of the city belonging to the state in a Hapsburg scope rather than a Venetian one. In this way, we wanted to focus the attention on the fact that a community and its past is not something definite and for which the discussion can cease once and for all, but it can sustain different interpretations according to the cultural contingencies and sensibilities that time after time develop within the same. In the appendix of the present essay, the choice of sources relevant to the siege is presented.

  3. A Celebration of Chivalry: Solyman the Magnificent and the Knights of Rhodes in William D’Avenant’s "The Siege of Rhodes"

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    Samia Al-Shayban


    Full Text Available In spite of the fact that Birchwood (2007 acknowledges The Siege of Rhodes’s (1661 need for a dramatic reading, he himself refrains from undertaking the task. The reading he offers does not touch the play’s dramaturgy, but instead considers its relationship with contemporary issues and with D’Avenant’s accusations of apostasy. Offering a different perspective, in his classic study of English Restoration drama, Derek Hughes studies the pioneering theatricality of the play (1996, pp.1-77. Janet Clare pays critical attention to the heroic love story between Ianthe and her husband, the Sicilian Duke Alphonso, whom she also considers as the protagonists of the play (2006, p.181-184. In his turn Samuel Chew believes that The Siege of Rhodes is not worth reading as a dramatic experience(1965, p.161. However, it is not clear whether Chew’s judgement is based on the operatic version of 1656 or the dramatized one that was performed after the Restoration. After the Restoration of 1660, D’Avenant revised the operatic version and turned it into a drama, adding a new part. By 1661, he staged The Siege of Rhodes as a play in two parts at the Duke’s Playhouse (Tupper, 2012, pp. xi-xlvii. It is noticeable that the available critical studies have treated Solyman the Magnificent as a marginal figure. However, this study attempts to reread Solyman’s character and reveals his dramatic centrality. Solyman dominates the dramatic action through his chivalric conduct as a warrior and victor. His centrality receives further endorsement through the reactions of his Christian opponents to his chivalric stand as an ideal man of war and peace.

  4. The Attitude of the Indian Soldiers in the British Army during the Siege of Kut-al-amara (December 1915 - April 1916)


    Üzen, İsmet


    The siege of Kut-al-amara was the longest one that the English met throughout their history. The First English attempt to occupy Baghdad was interrupted in Ctesiphon by the Turks in Mesopotamian Campaign of the First War World. The 6th British Division, whose majority was Indians, tried to stand nearly 5 months against disease, hunger and the Turkish attacks from 7 December 1915 to 29 April 1916 when they were withdrew from Ctesiphon to Kut-al-amara. The restrictions for daily-food because of...

  5. [Surprisingly old skeleton found at Bornheim-Uedorf (Rhein-Sieg-Kreis)--Research results in forensic medicine, anthropology and archaeology]. (United States)

    Zesch, Stephanie; Doberentz, Elke; Schmauder, Michael; Rosendahl, Wilfried; Madea, Burkhard


    On April 15th 2014, human skeletal remains were found during digging activities for constructing a new building at Bornheim-Uedorf (Rhein-Sieg-Kreis) near the river Rhine (about 20 meters) in a pit measuring 10 by 10 meters and having a depth of about 150 cm. The skeletal remains were preserved quite well considering the fact that they were located so near to the Rhine, although several skeletal parts were missing. The preserved skeletal remains comprised some skull fragments (including two ear bones of the right side), right scapula, both humeri, left ulna, left radius, left metacarpal bone 2, right metacarpal bones 1, 3 and 4, rib fragments, three thoracic vertebrae, all lumbar vertebrae, one sacral vertebra, pelvis fragments, left femur, proximal part of the left tibial diaphysis, right tibia and diaphysis of both fibulae. The anthropological analysis revealed that the skeletal remains belonged to a 20-to-30-year-old presumably male individual with a body height of about 163 to 173 cm (depending on the formula used for body height estimation). Evidence of intense physical activity and traumatological findings could not be detected on the preserved bones. Periosteal reactions on the bone surface caused by nonspecific bacterial infection were found on the right humerus close to the elbow and on both tibiae, especially the left one. Besides the skeletal remains, metal fragments were recovered--among them an arrowhead, which was typologically classified as an early medieval finding (6th to 7th century). Radiocarbon dating of a bone sample revealed an age of 1561 ± 19 a BP corresponding to a calibrated age of 436 to 540 AD (1 sigma). So, the archaeological classification of the recovered skeleton into the early medieval period was verified. Amongst the human remains, there was also a metatarsal bone of cattle with cut marks. The animal bone as well as the metal fragments indicated that the find was part of an early medieval burial with typical grave goods. PMID

  6. Book review: education under siege: why there is a better alternative by Peter Mortimore


    Armstrong, Cole


    How do we improve England’s school system? Every Education Secretary has their own ideas and subsequent U-turns, but in this book Peter Mortimore aims to identify the current system’s strengths and weaknesses, and asks readers who share his concerns to demand that politicians alter course. Cole Armstrong talks readers through the highs and lows that Mortimore identifies, and finds that some aspects of the author’s vision for a new education system are questionable in terms of practicality.

  7. 悲伤的小镇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    法满; lvanSekretarev


    An unidentified man touches the coffin with the body of 2-year-old Georgy Daurov during his funeral in Beslan, southern Russia, Tuesday, Sept. 7, 2004. Daurov's grandmother and father were also killed during the siege and his sister remains hospitalized.

  8. La mort ou la victoire Death or victory. Violence in Saragossa during the sieges (1808-1809

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    Pedro Rújula


    Full Text Available Le 24 mai 1808, la population de Saragosse prend le contrôle du gouvernement de la ville. En quelques jours, le jeune José de Palafox parvient à galvaniser la population et à la préparer pour la défense. Contre toute attente, ils réussissent à parer l’attaque et obligent les troupes impériales à faire le siège. A partir de ce moment-là la défense sera menée principalement par des civils. Le mythe d’un peuple en armes prendra forme à la mi-août, quand cet effort trouvera sa récompense dans la retraite des Français. Quand, en décembre de la même année, les troupes françaises reviennent, l’affrontement avec la ville sera brutal. Il opposera ceux qui s’obstinaient à croire qu’ils pouvaient vaincre une armée organisée, aguerrie et bien équipée, à ceux qui avaient besoin d’annihiler le mythe de la résistance civile pour s’épargner d’autres épisodes de résistance. Le déchaînement de violence et les innombrables victimes causées par la prise de la ville ont fait de Saragosse, pour reprendre les termes du capitaine Billon, « le plus meurtrier de tous les sièges qui ont eu lieu dans l’histoire ».In 1808 Saragossa, before the arrival of the imperial troops, there had been a wide process of ideologization and mobilization of the population. Armed civilians, supported by some military men, decided to defend their city with their lives. Their success in the first Siege provoked a brutal clash in the second one: the imperial army had to destroy Saragossa’s myth of resistance, and the defenders had to live up to it. The slow advance on a city in ruins and plagued by illness left more than 50 000 dead.

  9. Science under Siege (Invited) (United States)

    Gagosian, R. B.; Wheeler, K. R.


    Our planet has changed significantly over the past few decades - physically, chemically, and biologically. The political landscape has also transformed - almost as dramatically - over this same time period. Although recently, it seems that legislative action has slowed to a geological pace. Recent tragedies stemming from natural disasters (tsunamis, oil spills, hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.) have raised the public's awareness of their tenuous relationship with nature. However, the political debate over climate change has raised questions about the integrity of the scientific endeavor and lowered the public's perception of research and trust in scientists. This politicization of science is particularly unfortunate at a time when science is needed to address the threats from rising seas, acidified waters, and intensified storms. The scientific process relies on critical analysis from colleagues, which ensures that theories are well founded, research can be replicated, and the entire process is overseen by scientific peers. It is much easier to disprove something than to definitively prove just about anything. Unfortunately, this truth has been exploited for political purposes. Policy decisions need to be informed by science and not the reverse. However, increasingly when science does not support a policy maker's agenda, they tend to impugn the scientist, the funding agency or even the peer-review system. This is new and hostile territory for science, and we must find a way to rise above the political fray. To do so, we need to improve how and when we communicate information to the public, to whom policy makers are accountable. We need to find new, clearer, and better methods to convey uncertainty and risk in terms meaningful to the public and policy makers. And finally, we need to defend the academic peer review process, which is the gold standard and envy of the world. During these times of fiscal constraints, the scientific community needs to explore new models for doing business. Failure to do so will result in less brain power addressing critical national needs, and ultimately the nation will lose its competitive edge as the world leader in innovation. Not every institution can be the world leader in every discipline and not every institution can afford to have all of the newest scientific instrumentation and infrastructure. We need to find new ways to collaborate within the academic research community as well as finding new partners internationally. We also need to develop new models to partner with industry to help fund the basic and applied research they need to transfer into products and services. Finally, we need to communicate the importance of supporting basic research and avoid the mounting movement to focus on solutions to our current problems. Far too often, the political process is demanding an immediate return on investment for research and the result is the lack of long-term commitment to basic research. This is a short-sighted and alarming trend, which threatens our ability to acquire the knowledge needed to apply to challenges and questions not yet envisioned, but which nonetheless, may be critical to our society in the coming decades. While it is tempting to sell the seed corn in tough times, we must protect it so that the next generation of scientists will have the tools, knowledge, and ability to meet the grand challenges of their generation.

  10. Use of Wild and Semi-Wild Edible Plants in Nutrition and Survival of People in 1430 Days of Siege of Sarajevo during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995)


    Redžić, Sulejman


    This study is a systematic overview of data on use of wild and semi-wild edible plants in nutrition of people in 1430 days of the siege of Sarajevo during aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995). The author of this study spent all that time in Sarajevo. In 1993, the author prepared a survival program for people that included usage of edible wild plants. In addition, he conducted a detailed survey, including special interviews, on 630 people of average age 37.4 years (55% residential ...

  11. Inmigrantes. Del estado de excepción al estado de derecho (Immigrants. From the State of Siege to the Rule of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier De Lucas


    Full Text Available The evolution of migration policies in the EU shows that the so-called "spirit of Tampere" and especially the objectives of full integration, understood as a mutual negotiation process, governed by the principle of equality in all rights and the priority of the rule of law, suffer an increasing deterioration, under the double pretext of economic crisis and the withdrawal securitarian. The alternative proposed by Lochak seems clearer than ever and growing concern about particular orientation Juridical (Legislative more than case law that is tilted by the logic of "state of siege. " Against this, there is a renewed focus on the one hand, the minimum that represents respect for the principles and rules of the rule of law, but also the need to place on the political agenda of the EU mechanisms to make accessible the citizenship for immigrants La evolución de las políticas migratorias en la UE muestra que el denominado “espíritu de Tampere” y sobre todo los objetivos de una integración plena, entendida como un proceso de negociación mutua,  regido por el principio de igualdad  en todos los derechos y la prioridad de las reglas del Estado de Derecho, sufre un creciente deterioro, bajo la doble coartada de la crisis económica y del repliegue securitario. La alternativa propuesta por Lochak parece más evidente que nunca y en particular crece la preocupación por una orientación juridical (más legislativa que jurisprudencial que se inclina por la lógica del “estado de sitio”. Frente a ello, hay que volver a insistir, de un lado, en el mínimo que representa el respeto por los principios y reglas del Estado de Derecho, pero también en la necesidad de colocar en la agenda política de la UE mecanismos que hagan accesible la ciudadanía para los inmigrantes. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN:

  12. The Never-Ending Siege (United States)

    Netzley, Michael


    Citizens of Sarajevo, scared for their lives during the war, fled their homes and crowded into the stadium in hopes of surviving. As the casualties mounted, there was no place to put all the bodies. Those taking refuge in the stadium did the only thing they could do: They buried the dead in the football pitch beside the stadium. Now, as a daily…

  13. Wino dark matter under siege

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A fermion triplet of SU(2)L — a wino — is a well-motivated dark matter candidate. This work shows that present-day wino annihilations are constrained by indirect detection experiments, with the strongest limits coming from H.E.S.S. and Fermi. The bounds on wino dark matter are presented as a function of mass for two scenarios: thermal (winos constitute a subdominant component of the dark matter for masses less than 3.1 TeV) and non-thermal (winos comprise all the dark matter). Assuming the NFW halo model, the H.E.S.S. search for gamma-ray lines excludes the 3.1 TeV thermal wino; the combined H.E.S.S. and Fermi results completely exclude the non-thermal scenario. Uncertainties in the exclusions are explored. Indirect detection may provide the only probe for models of anomaly plus gravity mediation where the wino is the lightest superpartner and scalars reside at the 100 TeV scale

  14. Recognition of Facial Expressions of Mixed Emotions in School-Age Children Exposed to Terrorism (United States)

    Scrimin, Sara; Moscardino, Ughetta; Capello, Fabia; Altoe, Gianmarco; Axia, Giovanna


    This exploratory study aims at investigating the effects of terrorism on children's ability to recognize emotions. A sample of 101 exposed and 102 nonexposed children (mean age = 11 years), balanced for age and gender, were assessed 20 months after a terrorist attack in Beslan, Russia. Two trials controlled for children's ability to match a facial…

  15. Mitochondrial DNA under siege in avian phylogeography. (United States)

    Zink, Robert M; Barrowclough, George F


    Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been the workhorse of research in phylogeography for almost two decades. However, concerns with basing evolutionary interpretations on mtDNA results alone have been voiced since the inception of such studies. Recently, some authors have suggested that the potential problems with mtDNA are so great that inferences about population structure and species limits are unwarranted unless corroborated by other evidence, usually in the form of nuclear gene data. Here we review the relative merits of mitochondrial and nuclear phylogeographical studies, using birds as an exemplar class of organisms. A review of population demographic and genetic theory indicates that mitochondrial and nuclear phylogeographical results ought to concur for both geographically unstructured populations and for populations that have long histories of isolation. However, a relatively common occurrence will be shallow, but geographically structured mtDNA trees--without nuclear gene corroboration--for populations with relatively shorter periods of isolation. This is expected because of the longer coalescence times of nuclear genes (approximately four times that of mtDNA); such cases do not contradict the mtDNA inference of recent isolation and evolutionary divergence. Rather, the nuclear markers are more lagging indicators of changes in population structure. A review of the recent literature on birds reveals the existence of relatively few cases in which nuclear markers contradict mitochondrial markers in a fashion not consistent with coalescent theory. Preliminary information from nuclear genes suggests that mtDNA patterns will prove to be robust indicators of patterns of population history and species limits. At equilibrium, mitochondrial loci are generally a more sensitive indicator of population structure than are nuclear loci, and mitochondrial estimates of F(ST)-like statistics are generally expected to exceed nuclear ones. Hence, invoking behavioural or ecological explanations of such differences is not parsimonious. Nuclear genes will prove important for quantitative estimates of the depths of haplotype trees, rates of population growth and values of gene flow. PMID:18397219

  16. Energy crisis - Europe in state of siege

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Topics of the discussion meeting: 1) Long-term views of the energy policy under short-term and politically difficult conditions; 2) different time aspects of the energy problem upto 1985/87, from 1985 to 2000, from 2000/2030 onwards; 3) energy potential and strategy; 4) aiming for autarking in energy policy; 5) competition between industrial countries for energy resources, tension in USA - Europe - Pacific; 6) energy policy in the overall political context; 7) predicted energy demand of the Federal Republic in the year 2000; 8) energy saving reality; 9) controversial debates on increased utilization of nuclear energy; 10) the problem of public acceptance of nuclear energy; 11) European energy policy. (HP)

  17. From Political to Economic Siege in Brazil. (United States)

    Academe, 1990


    Political forces in Brazil have caused significant economic changes, including hyperinflation, and policy that threaten higher education in a variety of ways, including failure to expand during a period of economic strength, severe loss of academic autonomy, lowering of academic and administrative standards, and declines in teacher education and…

  18. School environment and school injuries


    Simo eSalminen; Marja eKurenniemi; Mirka eRåback; Jaana eMarkkula; Anne eLounamaa


    Background: Although injuries at school are an important issue in public health, environmental factors in schools and school yards have seldom been the focus of school injury research. The goal of our investigation was to examine the effect of environmental factors on school injuries. Methods: Nine comprehensive Finnish schools registered school injuries over a period of two school years. Injuries were classified as being associated with environmental factors, suspected environmental factors,...

  19. School Environment and School Injuries


    Salminen, Simo; Kurenniemi, Marja; Råback, Mirka; Markkula, Jaana; Lounamaa, Anne


    Background: Although injuries at school are an important issue in public health, environmental factors in schools and school yards have seldom been the focus of school injury research. The goal of our investigation was to examine the effect of environmental factors on school injuries. Methods: Nine comprehensive Finnish schools registered school injuries over a period of two school years. Injuries were classified as being associated with environmental factors, suspected environmental facto...

  20. School Quality and School Location


    Terry O`Shaughnessy


    This paper presents a model of school choice with peer effects and scale economies within schools. Parents` perception of school quality depends on resources and on the characteristics of the student body. A network of local schools of uniform quality will be optimal, even though different households prefer different qualities. Whether schools of different qualities emerge depends on the strength of peer effects. If peer effects are strong there will be an incentive for existing schools to se...

  1. Electronic School. (United States)

    American School Board Journal, 1997


    Describes: (1) corporate technology initiatives driven by public-relations motives; (2) collaborative strategies for teacher-student technology learning; (3) an online school-improvement site; 4) privatization of school-district technology operations; and (5) a primer on listservs for school leaders. Also provides information on school technology,…

  2. Nursery School

    CERN Multimedia

    Nursery School


    Enrolments 2016-2017 Enrolments for the school year 2016-2017 to the Nursery, the Nursery school and the school will take place on 7, 8 and 9 March 2016 from 8 to 10 am at the Nursery School. Registration forms will be available from Thursday 3rd March. More information on the website:

  3. ATE tower of Babel under siege by DOD (United States)

    Kachmar, M.


    The current status of efforts by the U.S. armed forces to improve the interoperability, mobility, and performance of ATE for electronic components is reviewed: the USAF Modular Automatic Test Equipment (MATE), the Navy Consolidated Automated Support System (CASS), and the Army Intermediate Field-Test Equipment (IFTE) programs are characterized. Consideration is given to the IFTE transportable shop facility, the trend toward modular instrument-on-a-card systems, the 16-kg IFTE portable contact tester, CASS plans to replace all Navy ATE with one family of testers, and the MATE purchasing standards (virtual memory extended bus, Eurocard card sizes, 1-inch spacing between cards, and 96-pin DIN connectors). Also included is a separate discussion of the impact of these requirements on the design and development of microwave instrumentation by industry. Although many available or planned commercial instruments meet some or all of the new military requirements, problems are posed by differences between the MILSPEC approach being taken by IFTE and CASS and the less stringent MATE requirements.

  4. In defence of academic freedom: bioethics journals under siege. (United States)

    Schüklenk, Udo


    This article analyses, from a bioethics journal editor's perspective, the threats to academic freedom and freedom of expression that academic bioethicists and academic bioethics journals are subjected to by political activists applying pressure from outside of the academy. I defend bioethicists' academic freedom to reach and defend conclusions many find offensive and 'wrong'. However, I also support the view that academics arguing controversial matters such as, for instance, the moral legitimacy of infanticide should take clear responsibility for the views they defend and should not try to hide behind analytical philosophers' rationales such as wanting to test an argument for the sake of testing an argument. This article proposes that bioethics journals establish higher-quality requirements and more stringent mechanisms of peer review than usual for iconoclastic articles. PMID:23637435

  5. Steel Draws Automobiles:A Siege In Winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Afinancial crisis hits the world,adding more chill to the winter in 2008. Among the sufferers are the trembling steel industry and the auto industry which begins detecting the cold.In these days,these two industries are worrying about their future in 2009 and wondering when the spring will come.The point is,will the steel industry embrace a better time in 2009?And to what extent it will affect the auto industry?

  6. "Thriumphus navalis" - Die Rituelle verherrlichung des Sieges zur See


    Ladewig, Marco


    The ancient Rome’s claim to naval power took an early outline, when its system of alliances was enlarged by several seaside towns and by using the foreign ships provided the republic with an access to the sea. Yet only the conflict with Carthage during the first Punic War demanded the construction of a roman armada and procured the open naval war. The naval battle of Mylae, in which Caius Duilius defeated the Carthage fleet, finally put an end to five unsuccessful years of batt...

  7. City Under Siege: Narrating Mumbai Through NonStop Capture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasmin Ibrahim


    Full Text Available When Mumbai became the target of terror in the 26/11 attack in 2008, the events in that city, like other tragic global events in recent years, were narrated through new media platforms. The increasing convergence of technologies and mobile telephony enabled new forms of gaze and the ability to bear witness through these new media technologies. The non-stop capture of events through recording equipment embedded in mobile phones and their connectivity to the World Wide Web constructed Mumbai through civilian narratives and images, and this phe-nomenon was described as the "coming of age of Twitter". Conversely the event raised fundamental questions about the role of broadcasting and protocols in live telecasts of terrorist attacks which have consequences for national security. In narrating the city through the civilian gaze and traditional media the spectacle of suffering in postmodernity becomes an open-ended exercise where the city is both a canvas for showcasing the risks of modernity and new forms of visibilities which emerge from social media and the "act of sharing" content on global plat-forms.

  8. Conformal bootstrap: non-perturbative QFT's under siege

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva


    [Exceptionally in Council Chamber] Originally formulated in the 70's, the conformal bootstrap is the ambitious idea that one can use internal consistency conditions to carve out, and eventually solve, the space of conformal field theories. In this talk I will review recent developments in the field which have boosted this program to a new level. I will present a method to extract quantitative informations in strongly-interacting theories, such as 3D Ising, O(N) vector model and even systems without a Lagrangian formulation. I will explain how these techniques have led to the world record determination of several critical exponents. Finally, I will review exact analytical results obtained using bootstrap techniques.

  9. Under siege: Isolated tributaries are threatened by regionally impaired metacommunities. (United States)

    Merriam, Eric R; Petty, J Todd


    Pristine streams are often targeted as conservation priorities because of their ability to preserve regional biodiversity. However, isolation within heavily degraded regions likely alters important metapopulation and metacommunity processes (e.g., rescue and mass effects), affecting the ability of in-tact communities to boost regional conditions. To test this hypothesis, we sampled invertebrate communities and physicochemical conditions from 168 streams within the mountaintop removal-valley fill mining region of West Virginia. We used redundancy analysis to first test for significant effects of local (observed physicochemical conditions) and neighborhood (streams within a 5km buffer) degradation on assemblage structure across all taxa and stress tolerance (low, moderate, high) and dispersal (low, high) categories. We then used generalized linear and hurdle models to characterize changes in community metrics and individual taxa, respectively. Local condition consistently explained the majority of variation (partial R(2) up to 5× those of neighborhood condition) in community structure and was the only factor affecting sensitive taxa. Neighborhood condition explained significant variation in moderately tolerant taxa with low dispersal capacity and highly tolerant taxa, regardless of dispersal. Decreased occurrence (Baetis) and abundance (Maccaffertium) of key taxa and corresponding metrics (%E, %EPT) suggest decreased dispersal and associated mass and rescue effects within degraded neighborhoods. Decreased neighborhood conditions also resulted in the proliferation of tolerant taxa (Chironomidae, Chimarra, Hemerodromia). Our results suggest communities within even the most pristine streams are at risk when isolated within heavily impacted regions. Consequently, protection of regional species' pools in heavily impacted regions will require more than simply conserving un-impacted streams. PMID:27101452

  10. School environment and school injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simo eSalminen


    Full Text Available Background: Although injuries at school are an important issue in public health, environmental factors in schools and school yards have seldom been the focus of school injury research. The goal of our investigation was to examine the effect of environmental factors on school injuries. Methods: Nine comprehensive Finnish schools registered school injuries over a period of two school years. Injuries were classified as being associated with environmental factors, suspected environmental factors, and others. The consensus between two independent classifiers was 81%. Results: A total of 722 injuries were classified. In 11.6% of these injuries, the physical environment factor was evident, and in 28.1% of the injuries, physical environment was suspected of being a contributory risk factor. Thus the physical environment of the school was a contributing factor in over a third (39.7% of injuries occurring in the school, on the school yard or during the journey to or from school. In this study, conducted in Finland, ice on the ground was mentioned most frequently as an environmental risk factor. Conclusions: In Finland, the Nordic weather conditions are not taken into account in the school yard and playground plans as they ought to from the safety point of view. An initiative has been launched on a mandatory wintertime master plan for every school yard.

  11. Private Schools (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This Private Schools feature dataset is composed of all Private elementary and secondary education features in the United States as defined by the Private School...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    1. Melbourne University Master of Marketing in Beijing For the first time the University of Melbourne is offering the Master of Marketing degree in China through its business school, Melbourne Business School. Its first intake will start


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The China Europe International Business School The China Europe International Business School (CEIBS), in cooperation with Caijing Magazine’s Financial Series, held the first session of the annual China Bankers Forum at its Shanghai campus on June 30, wi

  14. School Imformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Beijing Huijia Private School Foreign Students Department As the world is paying increasing attention to China, more and more foreign students begin to study Chinese. As a K-12 boarding private school, our school has a good bilingual environment in Chinese and English with more than 2,200 students, and qualified Chinese and foreign teachers. We combine Chinese teaching with Western teaching, and implement internationalized education in an all-around way. Since November 2000, our school has admitted more ...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    CEIBS Places 9th in Forbes 2007 top Non-U.S.2-Year Business Schools On August 16,China Europe International Business School(CEIBS)ranked 9th place in the 2007 Forbes bien-nial rankings of Top Non-U.S.2-Year Business Schools.

  16. School Avoidance (United States)

    ... anxieties over social pressure or legitimate fears of violence at school. Let him know that school attendance is required ... to the classroom. If a problem like a school bully or an unreasonable teacher is the cause of your child's anxiety, become an advocate for ...

  17. Electronic School. (United States)

    American School Board Journal, 1997


    Contains articles on software products targeted at girls, the use of technology for the transformation of schooling, and tips on teaming up with software developers. Regular features include dispatches from the school-technology frontier, information about school boards' uses of "groupware," a review of software reading programs, and Internet…

  18. Healthy Schools. (United States)

    Rittelmeyer, Christian

    A survey of several hundred German students led to two theses on school environment and learning. First, students find school buildings attractive only if they conform to certain features of the human sensory system such as balance. Second, students consider school buildings attractive and inviting only if their architectural message meets such…

  19. School Violence (United States)

    Schonfeld, Irvin Sam


    The purpose of this chapter is threefold. First, the chapter summarizes what is known about the prevalence of violence and weapons in U.S. schools. Second, the chapter examines theories that bear on school violence and the empirical evidence linked to those theories. Third, the chapter looks at attempts to prevent school violence and,…

  20. School Refusal (United States)

    Wimmer, Mary


    School attendance is an ongoing concern for administrators, particularly in middle level and high school. Frequent absences affect student learning, test scores, and social development. Absenteeism is often the result of emotional disorders, such as anxiety or depression. Administrators who understand the causes of school refusal behavior and are…

  1. School Phobia (United States)

    Tyrrell, Maureen


    School phobia is a serious disorder affecting up to 5% of elementary and middle school children. Long-term consequences include academic failure, diminished peer relationships, parental conflict, and development of additional psychiatric disorders. Hiding behind such common physical symptoms as headaches, stomachaches, and fatigue, school phobia…

  2. Nursery School

    CERN Multimedia

    Nursery School


    Enrolments 2015-2016 Enrolments for the school year 2015-2016 to the Nursery, the Nursery school and the school will take place on: Monday 2, Tuesday 3 and Thursday 4 March 2015 More information on the website:

  3. School concentration and school travel


    Boer, E. de


    The purpose of the research as described in this Doctor’s thesis is twofold. Firstly it is to define in how far Dutch facilities for primary and secondary education were subjected to spatial concentration during recent decades. Secondly it is intended to assess what this concentration implied for the development of the minimum necessary travel distances to school, with its consequences for school choice and for school travel mode use. The phenomenon of ‘school concentration’ is explored and d...

  4. A transmissão cultural assediada: metamorfoses da cultura comum na escola Cultural transmission under harassment: avatars of common culture in school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inés Dussel


    Full Text Available Neste artigo, gostaríamos de propor algumas reflexões em torno do que se percebe como crise da transmissão escolar. Mais especificamente, interessa-nos o que decorre da discussão sobre a cultura comum que a escola deve transmitir, tendo em vista que essa instituição está voltada para a formação do núcleo de referências comuns que permite ao aluno se integrar à sociedade nacional e se converter em cidadão. Hoje, tanto a ideia de "cultura comum" como a própria noção de tradição e reprodução cultural parecem sob assédio. Em primeiro lugar, esse assédio tem a ver com o declínio das humanidades modernas como centro de referência da cultura comum - um declínio que já tem mais de um século. Em segundo lugar, está ocorrendo uma transformação profunda da ideia de tradição e reprodução cultural, bem como das formas com que estas se realizam. Ambos os elementos são discutidos no artigo. Por último, para retomar a ideia de transmissão da cultura comum na escola, sugerem-se alguns critérios que levem em conta os questionamentos e desafios da construção de uma tradição nas presentes condições.In this article, I advance some arguments about what is perceived as the crisis of the act of transmitting or passing over culture to new generations. More specifically, I am interested in understanding what is built into the discussion of what a common culture is, and what role schools play in their formation. Schools were institutions that were conceived for producing a core of common references that allowed people to be included in the national society and turn into citizens. Today, both the idea of a 'common culture' and the notion of tradition and cultural reproduction appear to be under siege. First, this siege is linked to the decline of modern humanities as the reference centre for common culture - a decline that has been taking place for over a century. Second, what is taking place is a profound transformation of the

  5. Space School (United States)

    Fitzgerald, Victoria


    Part of the School of Physical Sciences mission and plan is to deliver an effective outreach programme to the community and South East regions to stimulate interest, both in school pupils and the general public, in science. To do this, it offers many activities that are school-based and aimed at students in Key stages 3, 4 and 5 (ages 11-18).…


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Tsinghua SEM Gets EQUIS Accreditation The School of Economies and Management of Tsinghua University(Tsinghua SEM)was awarded accreditation from the European Quality’ Improvement System(EQUIS)at the end of February 2008.This makes Tsinghua SEM the first business school on the Chinese mainland to be accredited by EQUIS.Together with the accreditation awarded by AACSB International (the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business)in 2007,Tsinghua SEM becomes the only business school on the Chinese mainland to be accredited by both AACSB and EQUIS,two of the most prestigious international accreditations of management education.

  7. Nursery School

    CERN Document Server

    Jardin d'enfant


      Enrollments 2012-2013  Monday 5, Tuesday 6 and Wednesday 7 March From 8.00 to 10.00 at the Nursery School  Registration forms will be available from 2nd March onwards: – At the Nursery School, from Catherine Regelbrugge, Secretary, tel : 73604. – At the Nursery School, from Brigitte Pillionnel, Headmistress, tel : 77925. – On the pages of the Nursery School website

  8. Nursery school

    CERN Multimedia

    Jardin d'enfants


    * * * * * Enrollments 2010-2011 Monday 8, Tuesday 9 and Wednesday 10 March From 8:00 to 10:00 at the Nursery School   Registration forms will be available from 5th March onwards: At the Nursery School, from Catherine Regelbrugge, Secretary tel: 73604, At the Nursery School, from Brigitte Pillionnel, Headmistress tel: 77925, On the pages of the Nursery School website  

  9. School Neuropsychology. (United States)

    Hynd, George W.; Obrzut, John E.


    Studies the increasing interest among school psychologists in neuropsychology as it relates to children in the educational environment. Attempts to identify forces which have led to this increased interest and provide a conceptual framework for recognizing this specialty within the profession of school psychology. (Author)

  10. School Law. (United States)

    Splitt, David A.


    Summarizes a variety of religious issues before United States courts, including two religion-in-the-schools cases in New Jersey and Georgia and two New York cases involving public assistance of private schools. Discusses a wrongful death lawsuit in Connecticut concerning a teenage suicide. (MLH)

  11. SCHOOL DAYS. (United States)



  12. Hacker School. (United States)

    Hutchins, Leonard


    The author reminisces about his educational experience at a small school in Maine during the late 1930s, revealing the respect he extended toward his teachers, what it was like to grow up during this time period, and his feelings upon returning to the now vacant school. (LP)

  13. Nursery School

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association


      Registration of school year of 2014-2015 at the Nursery school of Cern Staff Association     Dear parents, We would like to inform you that the dates of enrolments will be 3, 4 and 5th March 2014 from 8:00 a.m to 10:00 a.m at the nursery school Bulding 562. Reminder : From 0-2 years, your child goes to the nursery, from 2-4 to the kindergarten, and from 4 years onwards, your child will join the school, following the program of first and second year of primary school (première and deuxième primaire in the Swiss system), which corresponds to the moyenne and grande section in France.

  14. School Social Capital and School Effectiveness (United States)

    Tsang, Kwok-Kuen


    This article argues that school social capital is crucial for school effectiveness, but it has been disregarded in the traditional school administrative theory. Therefore, this article tries to illustrate the significance of school social capital to school effectiveness. School social capital is defined as the social resources embedded in internal…

  15. Nursery school

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association


    The CERN Nursery school was founded in 1961 in Meyrin, before it found a new home on the CERN site in 1965. It expanded from a “garderie” in the morning-only with 30 children, to the Crèche/Kindergarten/School with 147 children and 42 staff we have today. Every year the Nursery school makes an art exhibition in the main building. In 2000 the theme was “Monet’s garden” and it was complete, not even the little bridge was missing! This year, the theme of the exhibition was transport. We could see a garbage truck, a train, and much more.

  16. School bag


    Ožbolt, Damjana


    A school bag is one piece of necessary supplies for a pupil in these days. However, back in the days, all they needed in a class was a piece of chalk and a small board. A school bag is becoming a fashion accessory. Pupils' wishes are bigger every year: they want a new bag, with a different pattern, different colour or even a different shape. But not all the parents can afford buying a new school bag every year. In this case, charity is a good option. According to advanced technology, we can...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    MBS’ Master of Marketing Degree Program Welcomes New Students The Melbourne Business School’s(MBS) master of marketing degree program welcomed new students for the 2008-09 school year on October 12. The University

  18. Kidney School (United States)

    ... licensing agreement Kidneys: How They Work, How They Fail, What You Can Do For people at any ... Kidney School is a program of the Medical Education Institute, Inc. , a 501(c)(3) organization, © 2002– ...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Chinese Culture Summer Tours Beijing Huijia Private School has successfully launched a range of Chinese-learning courses and travel programs for summer and winter. The courses have attracted hundreds of Chinese-language-learning stu- dents from around t

  20. School Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Foreign Students Department, Beijing Huijia Private School The world is paying increasing attention to China; thus, more and more foreign students are studying Chinese. As a K-12 private boarding school, we provide a good bilingual environment in both Chinese and English, as well as qualified Chinese and foreign teachers, for more than 2,200 students. We teach Chinese in a Western teaching style, and implement internationalized education in a comprehensive

  1. School-Parent Relations in Victorian Schools (United States)

    Gurr, David; Drysdale, Lawrie; Walkley, Donald M.


    This article provides commentary that focuses on school-parent relations in Australia through exploration of schools in the state of Victoria across three aspects: school-parent partnership, parental involvement in the governance of schools, and parental involvement in school accountability processes. Parental involvement is typically at a level…

  2. School Finance and the Conditions of Schools. (United States)

    Ornstein, Allan C.


    Problems relating to school environment and building concerns eat up school budgets and negatively influence the overall fiscal condition of school districts. The article examines three issues impacting on school finance for the 1990s: environmental hazards (asbestos, radon, lead, electromagnetic fields, and air quality), school infrastructure…

  3. Private schools and school enrollment in Chicago


    William Sander


    Does enrollment in private school increase educational attainment? After reviewing some research on national trends concerning private (versus public) schooling, the author examines how private school options in the Chicago metropolitan area might affect academic achievement for various demographic groups.

  4. Schools K-12 - Volusia County Schools (Points) (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Volusia County School Locations NOTE: This file includes closed schools designated in the Name field with (Closed) after the school name and 0 in the Schoolcode...

  5. School bullying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    School Bullying: New Theories in Context brings together the work of scholars who utilise ontological, epistemological and methodological approaches that challenge paradigm one, contributing to the shift in research on school bullying that we call paradigm two. Several of the authors have...... participated in a five-year research project based in Denmark called ‘Exploring Bullying in Schools’ (eXbus) and others have been collaborative partners. Many are based in the Nordic countries, and others are from Australia and the US; their collective experiences with conducting empirical research in these...... countries highlights both the similarities and differences amongst national school systems. Most importantly, the authors share an analytical ambition to understand bullying as a complex phenomenon that is enacted or constituted through the interactive/intra-active entanglements that exist between a variety...

  6. School bullying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    ), school principals and parents (Hein), classroom culture with its particular experiences and histories (Hansen, Henningsen and Kofoed) and the virtual experiences of children – both in terms of their electronically mediated communications and the media products with and through which they play......School Bullying: New Theories in Context brings together the work of scholars who utilise ontological, epistemological and methodological approaches that challenge paradigm one, contributing to the shift in research on school bullying that we call paradigm two. Several of the authors have...... participated in a five-year research project based in Denmark called ‘Exploring Bullying in Schools’ (eXbus) and others have been collaborative partners. Many are based in the Nordic countries, and others are from Australia and the US; their collective experiences with conducting empirical research...

  7. Asthma and school (United States)

    ... with asthma need a lot of support at school. They may need help from school staff to keep their asthma under control and to be able to do school activities. You should give your child's school staff ...

  8. Diagnostics of school maturity and school readiness


    SÝKOROVÁ, Štěpánka


    In my bachelor´s work I have focused on problems of school readiness and maturity. My objective was to asses the optimal school maturity in pre-school class. In the theoretical part I described the pre-school session, school maturity and readiness and its characteristics. I compared the different definitions of school readiness and maturity, as indicated in the literature. On the basis of the research and consultation I approached appropriate diagnostic materials for detecting the level of sc...

  9. Perspectives of School Superintendents in School Crises


    Williams, Cynthia Crissman


    According to the PK-12 Public School Facility Infrastructure Fact Sheet compiled by the 21st Century School Fund in February 2011, there are over 98,706 PK-12 grade public schools and nearly 90% of the entire 55.5 million school age children in the United States attend public schools (p. 1). These school facilities and school spaces are sites of unexpected, critical incidents. Even though schools are generally a safe place for students to learn, a crisis may occur at any given time in any g...

  10. School Health


    Prasad K


    Ensuring that children are healthy and able to learn is an essential component of an effective education system. Good health increases enrollment and reduces absenteeism, and brings more of the poorest and most disadvantaged children to school, many of whom are girls. It is these children who are often the least healthy and most malnourished, and who have the most to gain educationally fro...

  11. Transforming Schools. (United States)

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.

    The authors in this book address the issues that relate to the crisis in American education and review some of the proposed solutions. To transform education, schools must be examined as social systems that are interrelated with families, communities, and the world of work. Following the introduction, section 1, "Conditions for Educational…

  12. School Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Executive Diploma in Management The Executive Diploma in Management (EDM) Program offered by the HKUST Business School provides an understanding of the latest management knowledge through broad and varied perspectives to keep you and your company competitive in the dynamic business environment of the 21st century.

  13. No School like Freedom School (United States)

    Williamson, Lisa Ann


    "You are the hope of the future." That's the message Marian Wright Edelman, executive director of the Children's Defense Fund (CDF), gave more than 1,500 excited college students and recent graduates as they began a week-long training for the CDF's Freedom Schools. She was preparing them for a daunting task--that of transforming the educational…

  14. School Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Rutgers International Executive MBA Program in China The unique design of the Rutgers International Executive MBA program allows busy executives to work full time and go to school full time. Courses generally are conducted approximately once a month over a nine-day period. The classes are held all day on two consecutive Saturdays and Sundays, and three hours per night for two nights during the intervening week.

  15. School Transportation: Administrator's Handbook (United States)

    Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2008


    Pupil transportation is an essential part of the overall school program, which requires constant supervision and direction. Perhaps no other phase of the school program is more closely observed by the public or has a greater tendency to mold public opinion about the schools than the school bus system. The success of any school district pupil…

  16. Latinos and School Choice (United States)

    Gastic, Billie; Coronado, Diana Salas


    The authors describe how Latino students are underrepresented in public schools of choice. They provide evidence to refute the claim that Latino students who choose to leave assigned public schools enroll in religious schools instead. Charter schools stand out as the type of public schools of choice where Latino students are well represented.…

  17. Small Schools, Great Expectations. (United States)

    Sergiovanni, Thomas J.


    Today's schools are too big. If smaller schools and classroom settings are beneficial and less costly, why do we continue to operate and build large schools? Perhaps committing to smaller schools would require us to rethink the leadership, management, and organization theories that dominate school administration. Authority should be vested in…

  18. Is Your School Ready? (United States)

    Bracey, Gerald W.


    The Ready School, a concept endorsed by the National Education Goals Panel, focuses on getting schools ready for children to supplement the traditional approach of getting children ready for school. The author cites 10 qualities associated with Ready Schools and describes the eight-dimension Ready School Assessment project now being tested by the…

  19. Muslim Children's Other School (United States)

    Moore, Leslie C.


    Millions of Muslim children around the world participate in Qur'anic schooling. For some, this is their only formal schooling experience; others attend both Qur'anic school and secular school. Qur'anic schooling emphasizes memorization and reproduction (recitation, reading, and transcription) of Qur'anic texts without comprehension of their…

  20. School Pharmacist/School Environmental Hygienic Activities at School Site. (United States)

    Muramatsu, Akiyoshi


    The "School Health and Safety Act" was enforced in April 2009 in Japan, and "school environmental health standards" were established by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. In Article 24 of the Enforcement Regulations, the duties of the school pharmacist have been clarified; school pharmacists have charged with promoting health activities in schools and carrying out complete and regular checks based on the "school environmental health standards" in order to protect the health of students and staff. In supported of this, the school pharmacist group of Japan Pharmaceutical Association has created and distributed digital video discs (DVDs) on "check methods of school environmental health standards" as support material. We use the DVD to ensure the basic issues that school pharmacists deal with, such as objectives, criteria, and methods for each item to be checked, advice, and post-measures. We conduct various workshops and classes, and set up Q&A committees so that inquiries from members are answered with the help of such activities. In addition, school pharmacists try to improve the knowledge of the school staff on environmental hygiene during their in-service training. They also conduct "drug abuse prevention classes" at school and seek to improve knowledge and recognition of drugs, including "dangerous drugs". PMID:27252053

  1. Venezuela's Bolivarian Schools Project. (United States)

    Diaz, Maria Magnolia Santamaria


    Discusses efforts by the Venezuelan government to improve the nation's school infrastructure through the Bolivarian Schools Project administered by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. The project set educational principles which are guiding current school building efforts. (EV)

  2. FacilitiesSchools_PTSCHOOL (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — FacilitiesSchools_PTSCHOOL is designed to provide point locations of every Vermont School along with the established school ID (PSID) for geographic analysis of...

  3. Television Broadcasting for Schools (United States)

    Hall, Geoffrey


    An outline of the BBC's provision of television for British schools describing the constitution and function of the School Broadcasting Council and the role of the BBC School Television Department. (Author)

  4. Rugby school

    CERN Multimedia

    Rugby Club


    Choosing a sport for your kid? How about Rugby? Rugby is a team sport that allows children to develop their motor skills as well as their intellectual skills in a fun way. The CERN-Meyrin-Saint Genis Pouilly Rugby school, given its international location, welcomes children from the age of 5 from all nationalities and levels. Diversity is welcomed and encouraged to build a strong sense of belonging and team spirit. Training sessions take place on Wednesdays from 17h30 to 19h00 at the pitch by the parking lot of the Meyrin pool. Adding to the training sessions, children are also have the opportunity to participate in several Swiss tournaments. One of these tournaments will be organized by the CERN rugby school on Sunday, October 4th 2015 from 12h-16h in the Saint Genis Pouilly Rugby pitch (by the Gold des Serves). Do not hesitate to come see us for more information and support the kids on the date. The first 2015/2016 practice will take place on Wednesday, 26th of August. Come join us in Meyrin! For more...

  5. Certified Schools - SEVIS (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Certified schools must provide specific information regarding the school, the nature and requirements of the educational program, location and contact information,...

  6. Schools K-12 - School Board Zones (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This dataset contains polygons and attributes which represent the School District Board Zones for the Public School Districts in the State of Arkansas. It includes...

  7. School Phobia: The Going to School Sickness (United States)

    Sangster, Dorothy


    This article reviews the two main causes of phobia and presents a series of case studies, from Toronto school files, which were satisfactorily handled by psychiatric help, either in or outside the school setting. (CJ)

  8. School Choice, School Quality, and Postsecondary Attainment


    Deming, David James; Justine S. Hastings; Thomas J. Kane; Staiger, Douglas O


    We study the impact of a public school choice lottery in Charlotte- Mecklenburg schools on college enrollment and degree completion. We find a significant overall increase in college attainment among lottery winners who attend their first-choice school. Using rich administrative data on peers, teachers, course offerings, and other inputs, we show that the impacts of choice are strongly predicted by gains on several measures of school quality. Gains in attainment are ...

  9. School Uniform Policies in Public Schools (United States)

    Brunsma, David L.


    The movement for school uniforms in public schools continues to grow despite the author's research indicating little if any impact on student behavior, achievement, and self-esteem. The author examines the distribution of uniform policies by region and demographics, the impact of these policies on perceptions of school climate and safety, and…

  10. B-School vs. C-School (United States)

    Weinstein, Margery


    When an employer sees on a resume that an applicant graduated at the top of his or her business school class, does that necessarily translate into guaranteed success behind the desk at the company? A business school background can't hurt, but most organizations know it is far from enough. With more individuals touting business school degrees on…

  11. Managing Food Allergies at School: School Nurses

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    This podcast highlights the leadership role of school nurses in the management of food allergies in schools. It also identifies CDC food allergy resources for schools.  Created: 1/20/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/20/2015.

  12. School Breakfast Program and School Performance. (United States)

    Meyers, Alan; And Others

    Children who participate in the School Breakfast Program show significant improvement in academic performance and tardiness rates, and a trend toward improvement in absenteeism. The School Breakfast Program was created by Congress in 1966 to provide a breakfast on school days for low income children who would otherwise have none. Children…


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Cheung Kong GSB Talks Across China On March 9,Cheung Kong GSB held a professor lecture titled"Customer Loyalty Programs:Good for Consumers or Good for Companies"in its 12th Floor classroom at the E3 building of Oriental Plaza. In the priee-sensitive Chinese marketplace,companies are struggling to move beyond slashing costs toward a new model for attracting and retaining customers:are customer loyahy programs the answer?Dr.Brian Viard from Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business gave the answer by explaining the strategy behind U.S.frequent flyer programs.Of course price is not the only element considered in the operation of a company,but he covered far more than simply the

  14. Do School Uniforms Fit? (United States)

    White, Kerry A.


    In 1994, Long Beach (California) Unified School District began requiring uniforms in all elementary and middle schools. Now, half of all urban school systems and many suburban schools have uniform policies. Research on uniforms' effectiveness is mixed. Tightened dress codes may be just as effective and less litigious. (MLH)

  15. Violence in America's Schools. (United States)

    William Gladden Foundation, York, PA.

    This booklet is concerned with the issue of school violence. The introductory section provides examples of violence in schools and notes that the Centers for Disease Control state that 1 student in 5 takes a weapon to school and 1 in 20 carries a gun. It is further noted that urban schools in the major metropolitan areas have the greatest risk of…

  16. Climate Change Schools Project... (United States)

    McKinzey, Krista


    This article features the award-winning Climate Change Schools Project which aims to: (1) help schools to embed climate change throughout the national curriculum; and (2) showcase schools as "beacons" for climate change teaching, learning, and positive action in their local communities. Operating since 2007, the Climate Change Schools Project…

  17. Utopia Middle School (United States)

    Cloud, Michelle


    The following excerpt allows the reader to briefly peer into an ideal school setting: For the purposes of this paper, the fictitious school will be named Utopia Middle School or U.M.S. U.M.S embodies and exemplifies the perfect school. At U.M.S., the campus administrators perform at a level of excellence that motivates, empowers and supports all…

  18. Schooling in Capitalist America (United States)

    Cohen, David K.; And Others


    The symposium transcript presents and discusses commentaries on "Schooling in Capitalist America," by Sam Bowles and Herbert Gintis. The transcript serves three functions: (1) it offers a comprehensive account of the role of schools in America; (2) critiques efforts to reform schools; and (3) suggests alternative visions of how school reform…

  19. Today's School Risk Manager (United States)

    Johnson, Cheryl P.; Levering, Steve


    School districts are held accountable not only for the monies that contribute to the education system but also for mitigating any issues that threaten student learning. Some school districts are fortunate to have professional risk managers on staff who can identify and control the many risks that are unique to school systems. Most schools,…

  20. Prescriptions for Sick Schools. (United States)

    Ornstein, Allan C.


    Increasing insulation in schools as an energy-saving measure has given rise to the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS), which afflicts roughly one-third of the nation's schools. This article examines asbestos, radon, electromagnetic radiation, and chemical pollutants and describes steps to make schools environmentally safe for students. School officials…

  1. Condoms in the Schools. (United States)

    Samuels, Sarah E., Ed.; Smith, Mark D., Ed.

    This book contains six papers on condom availability programs in the public schools. "Executive Summary" (Stryker, Samuels, and Smith) looks at the consequences of unprotected sex, adolescent condom use, condom promotion and availability, the role of schools, sex education in schools, how school condom programs work, distribution mechanisms,…

  2. HEPS tool for schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simovska, Venka; Dadaczynski, Kevin; Grieg Viig, Nina;

    The main aim of this publication is to serve as a practical guide for the development of a sustainable school policy on healthy eating and physical activity. It is hoped it will be used by all practitioners working within the field of health education and promotion in schools. Particularly it is...... aimed at school leaders, teachers and other staff in primary and secondary schools, vocational schools and special schools. School partners and supporters on local, regional and national levels could benefit from this publication as well as programme developers and policy makers more widely in the field...... of health promotion and education....

  3. Learning through school meals?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benn, Jette; Carlsson, Monica Susanne


    This article is based on a qualitative multiple case study aimed at ealuating the effects of free school meal intervention on pupils' learning, and on the learning environment i schools. The study was conducted at four schools, each offereing free school meals for 20 weeks. At each school...... lelarning potentials of school meals. The corss-case analysis focuses on the involved actors' perceptions of the school meal project and the meals, including Places Places, times and contexts, and the pupils' concepts and competencies in relation to food, meals and Health, as well as their involvement in...... the school meal project. The anlysis indicates that the pupils have developed knowledge and skills related to novel foods and dishes, and that school meals can contribute to pupils' learning, whether this learning is planned or not. However, if school meals are to be further developes as an arena for...

  4. Do Private Schools Provide Competition for Public Schools?


    Caroline Minter Hoxby


    Arguments in favor of school choice depend on the idea that competition between schools improves the quality of education. However, we have almost no empirical evidence on whether competition actually affects school quality. In this study, I examine the effects of inter-school competition on public schools by using exogenous variation in the availability and costs of private school alternatives to public schools. Because low public school quality raises the demand for private schools as subst...

  5. School maturity and diagnostic


    VILDOVÁ, Lenka


    The diploma thesis deals with the issue of school readiness and its characteristics. In the theoretical part of the paper the problems of the appropriateness of school attendance postponement and the child?s school attendance preparation are worked up. Likewise the issue of children´s development of pre-school stage is treated and, not least, the diagnostic methods of considering the child school readiness methods and various tests used in practice including their evaluation are mentioned. In...

  6. Healthy eating at school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruselius-Jensen, Maria Louisa; Egberg Mikkelsen, Bent

    Unhealthy eating are common among adolescents and the school is a well suited setting for promoting healthy eating. For the school to play a role here, however an environment must be created, in which the school and the students develop a sense of ownership for a healthy food and nutrition "regime...... catering. Therefore in designing school meal programs aiming at being supportive for healthy eating, it is necessary to try to integrate the food provision in the life of the school....

  7. School Sector, School Poverty, and the Catholic School Advantage (United States)

    Hallinan, Maureen T.; Kubitschek, Warren N.


    Equality of educational opportunity is threatened by long-standing gaps in student achievement by race, gender, and student poverty, as well as by school sector and school poverty. The true magnitude of these gaps cannot be understood, however, unless these factors are considered simultaneously. While accounting for the effects of demographic…

  8. Rescuing Middle School Astronomy (United States)

    Mayo, L. A.; Janney, D.


    There is a crisis in education at the middle school level (Spellings, 2006). Recent studies point to large disparities in middle school performance in schools with high minority populations. The largest disparities exist in areas of math and science. Astronomy has a universal appeal for K-12 students but is rarely taught at the middle school level. When it is taught at all it is usually taught in isolation with few references in other classes such as other sciences (e.g. physics, biology, and chemistry), math, history, geography, music, art, or English. The problem is greatest in our most challenged school districts. With scores in reading and math below national averages in these schools and with most state achievement tests ignoring subjects like astronomy, there is little room in the school day to teach about the world outside our atmosphere. Add to this the exceedingly minimal training and education in astronomy that most middle school teachers have and it is a rare school that includes any astronomy teaching at all. In this presentation, we show how to develop and offer an astronomy education training program for middle school teachers encompassing a wide range of educational disciplines that are frequently taught at the middle school level. The prototype for this program was developed and launched in two of the most challenged and diverse school systems in the country; D.C. Public Schools, and Montgomery County (MD) Public Schools.

  9. School of possibilities and possibilities of school


    Anatoly Kasprzhak


    The author takes it for granted that freedom of school is a necessary pre-condition for development of independent and responsible behavior in students. Assuming that, he undertakes a study of the Basic Curriculum for Russian Schools, more specifi cally, the dynamics of its changes as compared to similar processes in other countries. Comparing Basic Curricula from recent years and the Federal State Education Standards with one of the latest Soviet school curriculum, namely, that for the acade...

  10. Models of school discipline in contemporary school


    Koceva, Marija


    The school is a specific organizational system and primarily, its aim and task is to produce an activities which will lead to high achievement and performance of students. Besides the transfer of knowledge to the younger generation, the school has also an educational and social function. At school students acquire knowledge, skills, and hanits that will further help them in buildinsg their personality. All this is achieved by teacher’s help, a professional person with educat...

  11. Managing Food Allergies at School: School Administrators

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    This podcast highlights the importance of ensuring that comprehensive school plans are in place to manage food allergies. It also identifies some key actions school administrators can take to support students with food allergies, and highlights CDC food allergy resources for schools.  Created: 1/15/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/15/2015.

  12. Managing Food Allergies at School: School Superintendents

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    This podcast highlights the importance of ensuring that comprehensive school district plans are in place to manage food allergies. It also identifies some key actions school superintendents can take to support students with food allergies, and highlights CDC food allergy resources for schools.  Created: 1/13/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/20/2015.

  13. Sustainable schools. Better than traditional schools?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeiler, W. [Kropman Installatietechniek, Rijswijk (Netherlands); Boxem, G. [TU/e Building Services, Eindhoven (Netherlands)


    In the United Kingdom several educational buildings were built in the last decades with a strong environmental ethos, real icons of a new generation of low-energy sustainable buildings. For some of the buildings the performance was assessed. Also in the Netherlands several new concepts were developed for sustainable schools during the last years. This is an interesting topic as many of those schools had problems concerning energy efficiency, indoor air quality and thermal comfort. In the case of sustainable schools much effort was put into the design process of the schools to try to find better solutions to face the problems of the traditional designs. This resulted in different solution concepts, which raises the question which are better school concepts. From the literature three evaluations from the UK and one overview of five sustainable educational buildings from the Netherlands are given, which show that sustainable educational buildings are not always without flaws. In the paper two of the first Dutch sustainable elementary schools are compared with nine more traditional schools of the Netherlands to conclude whether the sustainable schools perform better than traditional schools.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to determine school climate from the point of the high school students’ perceptions and to develop solution offers according to the data obtained. The data collection tool that was used in the research, “The Questionnaire of School Climate”, consisted of 76 items and 15 dimensions and adapted into Turkish by Acarbay (2006, of these 51 items and 9 dimensions were used. The universe of research were determined general high schools in Sincan District. The sample, which consists of 1246 students, was selected randomly. While analyzing the secondary problems of the research, t-test, Single Factor ANOVA (analysis of variance were applied and the values of frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, and standard deviation were calculated. A significant relationship was found among the general high school students’ positive perceptions levels regarding the school climate and the variances as “class level”, “The number of family members”, “economical level of the family” mother’s educational level”, and “ father’s educational level”. According to this finding it is expressed that as long as the levels of the related variances increase, the students’ positive perceptions level regarding the school climate increases. The views about the school climate is also varied related to “ Gender” variance and male students, compared to female students, evaluate the school climate positively in terms of “students’ relationships”.

  15. A School Day is a School Day

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelhardt, Robin


    : Compared with the French communities, where many children have to repeat a year if they fail the tests, the children in the Flemish communities get a lot of help if they risk failing. In the beginning of the first school year, the students can do their homework in the school together with their own classes......Life of Science, edited by Lykke Margot Ricard and Robin Engelhardt. Learning Lab Denmark, Copenhagen, pages 7-13. 2003 Short description: The school Sint-Jozef-Klein-Seminarie in the Flemish town of Sint-Niklaas reveals a school system characterised by hard work, solicitude and tradition. Abstract...

  16. Networks of schools.


    Robert W. McMeekin


    The study proposes: (1) that the institutional climate in schools, which includes formal rules, informal rules, mechanisms for enforcing both kinds of rules, clear objectives and an atmosphere of cooperation and trust, has a strong influence on school performance; (2) that “networks” of schools such as the Accelerated Schools Project in the U.S. and the Fe y Alegría schools in Latin America help improve school performance in a variety of ways, and have been successful in providing good educat...

  17. School Processes Mediate School Compositional Effects: Model Specification and Estimation (United States)

    Liu, Hongqiang; Van Damme, Jan; Gielen, Sarah; Van Den Noortgate, Wim


    School composition effects have been consistently verified, but few studies ever attempted to study how school composition affects school achievement. Based on prior research findings, we employed multilevel mediation modeling to examine whether school processes mediate the effect of school composition upon school outcomes based on the data of 28…

  18. Examining School Culture in Flemish and Chinese Primary Schools (United States)

    Zhu, Chang; Devos, Geert; Tondeur, Jo


    The aim of this research is to gain understanding about school culture characteristics of primary schools in the Flemish and Chinese context. The study was carried out in Flanders (Belgium) and China, involving a total of 44 Flemish schools and 40 Chinese schools. The School Culture Scales were used to measure five school culture dimensions with…

  19. School Progress Report 2013. Montgomery County Public Schools (United States)

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2014


    The 2013 School Progress Report for Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) provides state, county, and individual school performance data, as well as information on student attendance, high school graduation rates, and the professional qualifications of teachers at the state, district, and school levels for the 2012-2013 school year. Montgomery…

  20. School in the knowledge society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte Holm; Levinsen, Karin


      Implementation of ICT in Danish and Nordic schools gradually moves from an industrial towards an emerging knowledge society school paradigm. Simultaneously it, digital literacy and the school's physical and social organization are constantly negotiated. In schools that proactively meet...

  1. School and Concussions (United States)

    ... Hot Topics Meningitis Choosing Your Mood Prescription Drug Abuse Healthy School Lunch Planner How Can I Help a Friend Who ... Should I Tell My Teachers? Tips for Dealing With a Concussion at School ...

  2. [SCHOOL HEALTH IN FRANCE]. (United States)

    Jourdan, Didier


    On average, French children spend 18.5 years n schools. Improving the effectiveness of interventions in school setting aiming at promoting children's health and reducing health inequities is critical in public health. Evidence shows that a whole school approach, where there is coherence between the school's policies and practices that promote social inclusion and commitment to education, actually facilitates improved learning outcomes, increases emotional wellbeing and reduces health risk behaviours. Many factors govern the ways in which school health education is implemented and within these factors, staff commitment and partnership with local health professionals play a crucial role. The effectiveness of health promotion in schools is directly linked to the way in which school environment is supportive. There is a need to improve school organisation, ethos and environment as well as to invest in partnerships with local organisations and services especially the health professionals who are in charge of children's health. PMID:26979015

  3. A School Reading Policy. (United States)

    Dawson, Alan


    Defines a school-based reading policy and explores the issues involved in setting up a program, including awareness and use of school resources, recording student progress, evaluation, parental involvement, and classroom organization and teaching methods. (FL)

  4. Some Aspects of School Maturity




    This bachelor{\\crq}s thesis is focused on the maturity of pre-school children for school work. Particularly it researches the level of children{\\crq}s knowledge in the period just before and immediately after entering school. The theoretical part of the thesis deals with pre-school characteristics, various aspects of school maturity and readiness for elementary school regarding the fact that in the period just before entering school and immediately after the beginning of school attendance cer...

  5. School Uniforms in Urban Public High Schools (United States)

    Draa, Virginia Ann Bendel


    The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the implementation of a mandatory uniform policy in urban public high schools improved school performance measures at the building level for rates of attendance, graduation, academic proficiency, and student conduct as measured by rates of suspensions and expulsions. Sixty-four secondary…

  6. School Breakfast Program and school performance. (United States)

    Meyers, A F; Sampson, A E; Weitzman, M; Rogers, B L; Kayne, H


    To test the hypothesis that participation in the School Breakfast Program by low-income children is associated with improvements in standardized achievement test scores and in rates of absence and tardiness, children in grades 3 through 6 were studied in the Lawrence, Mass, public schools, where the School Breakfast Program was begun at the start of the second semester 1986-1987 school year. The changes in scores on a standardized achievement test and in rates of absence and tardiness before and after the implementation of the School Breakfast Program for children participating in the program were compared with those of children who also qualified but did not participate. Controlling for other factors, participation in the School Breakfast Program contributed positively to the 1987 Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills battery total scale score and negatively to 1987 tardiness and absence rates. These findings suggest that participation in the School Breakfast Program is associated with significant improvements in academic functioning among low-income elementary school children. PMID:2801668

  7. Philosophy in Schools: A Catholic School Perspective (United States)

    Whittle, Sean


    This article builds on the recent Special Interest issue of this journal on "Philosophy for Children in Transition" (2011) and the way that the debate about philosophy in schools has now shifted to whether or not it ought to be a compulsory part of the curriculum. This article puts the spotlight on Catholic schools in order to present a…

  8. Fertility shock and schooling


    KOISSY KPEIN Sandrine Aïda; Kuepie, Mathias; TENIKUE Michel


    This paper uses Demographic and Health Surveys data from about 30 sub-Saharan African countries to investigate the link between the birth of an “unintended child” and schooling decisions of children (dropout and entry). After controlling for local unobserved heterogeneity, we show that, the birth of an “unintended child” hinders child schooling. It reduces the probability of current school enrolment. As for school dynamics, it increases the probability that a child aged 6 to 18 years drops ou...



    Nizar SHIHADI


    Development of optimal school climate is the basis of educational, social and moral work in school. Optimal educa-tional climate in a school is a condition for learning and development of all those attending the educational establishment (pupils, teachers and parents). The school is responsible for the personal, cognitive, emotional, social and moral develop-ment of pupils. The educational team has the ability and commitment to promote an educational climate. Improvement of study achievements...

  10. Measuring School Segregation


    David M. Frankel; Volij, Oscar


    Using only ordinal axioms, we characterize several multi-group school segregation indices: the Atkinson Indices for the class of school districts with a given fixed number of ethnic groups and the Mutual Information Index for the class of all districts. Properties of other school segregation indices are also discussed. In an empirical application, we document a weakening of the effect of ethnicity on school assignment from 1987/8 to 2007/8. We also show that segregation between districts with...

  11. UK school visit: Alfriston School for girls

    CERN Multimedia

    Sophie Louise Hetherton


    Pupils with learning disabilities from Alfriston School in the UK visited the CMS detector last week. This visit was funded by the UK's Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) as part of a grant awarded to support activities that will help to build the girls’ self-esteem and interest in physics.   Alfriston School students at CMS. On Friday, 10 October, pupils from Alfriston School – a UK secondary school catering for girls with a wide range of special educational needs and disabilities – paid a special visit to CERN. Dave Waterman, a science teacher at the school, recently received a Public Engagement Small Award from the STFC, which enabled the group of girls and accompanying teachers to travel to Switzerland and visit CERN. The awards form part of a project to boost the girls’ confidence and interest in physics. The aim is to create enthusiastic role models with first-hand experience of science who can inspire their peers back hom...

  12. Health-promoting schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kwan, Stella Y L; Petersen, Poul Erik; Pine, Cynthia M;


    them to develop lifelong sustainable attitudes and skills. Poor oral health can have a detrimental effect on children's quality of life, their performance at school and their success in later life. This paper examines the global need for promoting oral health through schools. The WHO Global School...

  13. School Health Services. (United States)

    Wilson, Charles C., Ed.

    A comprehensive guide for health procedures in small and large school systems, this volume emphasizes the need for coordination of school efforts with those of parents, departments of health, private practitioners of medicine and dentistry, and community health agencies. Particular attention is given to the role of the teacher in school health…

  14. Paradigms of School Change (United States)

    Wrigley, Terry


    This short paper points to some paradigm issues in the field of school development (leadership, effectiveness, improvement) and their relationship to social justice. It contextualises the dominant School Effectiveness and School Improvement models within neo-liberal marketisation, paying attention to their transformation through a "marriage of…

  15. School Uniforms. Research Brief (United States)

    Walker, Karen


    Does clothing make the person or does the person make the clothing? How does what attire a student wears to school affect their academic achievement? In 1996, President Clinton cited examples of school violence and discipline issues that might have been avoided had the students been wearing uniforms ("School uniforms: Prevention or suppression?").…

  16. Alienation from School (United States)

    Hascher, Tina; Hagenauer, Gerda


    Two studies aimed at understanding the time course of alienation from school and school factors that may influence alienation from school during early adolescence. In Study 1, 434 students from grade 5-8 participated (cross-sectional design). In Study 2, we followed 356 students from grade 6-7 (longitudinal design). The results confirm the…

  17. Is Girls’ School Necessary?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    In March,the Zhuhai Girls’Middle School,the only girls’middle school in south China’s Guangdong Province,began its first enrollments.Although tuition fees for the establishment are high,it was seen by many parents as a choice for their daughters.The school was invested in by Zhuhai Henglong Group

  18. Home Schooling Goes Mainstream (United States)

    Gaither, Milton


    This article reports that while home schooling may have particular appeal to celebrities, over the last decade families of all kinds have embraced the practice for widely varying reasons: no longer is home schooling exclusive to Christian fundamentalism and the countercultural Left. Along with growing acceptance of home schooling nationally has…

  19. Radon in Schools (United States)

    ... Radon Measurement in Schools Radon Prevention in the Design and Construction of Schools and Other Large Buildings (EPA 625- ... quality control and assurance to address complicated building designs and specialized airflow. What happens if your school fails the test? Every home should also take this ...

  20. School Uniforms Redux. (United States)

    Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin


    Reviews a recent decision in "Littlefield" by the 5th Circuit upholding a school uniform policy. Advises board member who wish to adopt a school uniform policy to solicit input from parents and students, research the experiences of other school districts with uniform policies, and articulate the interests they wish to promote through uniform…

  1. Examining School Violence. (United States)

    Rosen, Barry, Ed.; Dobry, Diane, Ed.; Andrews, Heather, Ed.; Reznik, Deidre, Ed.


    This document considers school violence by reviewing the school environment, assessing the difficulties and causes of violence, and offering solutions to the problems. One study describes risk factors for aggressive behavior among middle school students and presents steps that can be taken to prevent the development of such behavior. Several…

  2. Early College High Schools (United States)

    Dessoff, Alan


    For at-risk students who stand little chance of going to college, or even finishing high school, a growing number of districts have found a solution: Give them an early start in college while they still are in high school. The early college high school (ECHS) movement that began with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 10 years ago…

  3. Schools Make a Difference. (United States)

    Good, Thomas L.; Weinstein, Rhona S.


    Recent research examines school effectiveness and the way variations in school characteristics and structures affect achievement. Such research is limited because it is atheoretical and the findings are not uniform. Future research must study a wider range of student performance and identify how classroom and school processes combine to create an…

  4. Mandatory School Uniforms. (United States)

    Cohn, Carl A.


    Shortly after implementing a mandatory school uniform policy, the Long Beach (California) Public Schools can boast 99% compliance and a substantial reduction in school crime. The uniforms can't be confused with gang colors, save parents money, and help identify outsiders. A sidebar lists ingredients for a mandatory uniform policy. (MLH)

  5. School Effectiveness and Leadership. (United States)

    Dow, I. I.; Oakley, W. F.


    Fiedler's contingency theory relates school effectiveness to a combination of principals' leadership style and situational favorability for the principal. Data from teacher questionnaires on school climate and effectiveness and measures of principal's leadership in 176 Canadian elementary schools did not support Fiedler's model. Contains 54…

  6. Guinea School Finance


    World Bank Group


    Systems approach for better education results (SABER) school finance collects, analyzes, synthesizes, and disseminates comprehensive information on school finance policies in primary and secondary education across a range of different education systems. The goal is to enable policymakers to learn about how other countries address the same policy challenges related to school finance and thu...

  7. Learning from School Choice. (United States)

    Peterson, Paul E., Ed.; Hassel, Bryan C., Ed.

    This volume contains revised versions of 16 essays presented at a conference, "Rethinking School Governance," hosted by Harvard's Program on Education Policy and Governance in June 1997. Part 1, "Introduction," contains two chapters: (1) "School Choice: A Report Card" (Paul E. Peterson); and (2) "The Case for Charter Schools" (Bryan C. Hassel).…

  8. Gender-Friendly Schools (United States)

    King, Kelley; Gurian, Michael; Stevens, Kathy


    The authors, who have worked with more than 2,000 schools across the United States in efforts to close gender gaps, describe how gender-related issues consistently intersect and interfere with school improvement efforts. They present statistics showing that schools are now failing boys in more areas than girls, and describe how "the structures,…

  9. Computer Crimes in Schools. (United States)

    Telem, Moshe


    Analyzes the occurrence of computer crimes in schools, focusing on the main types of crimes possible, potential criminals in schools, and how the organizational characteristics of schools invite computer crimes. Means to counter this problem and minimize it as far as possible are suggested. (MBR)

  10. Virtual School Counseling (United States)

    Osborn, Debra S.; Peterson, Gary W.; Hale, Rebecca R.


    The advent of virtual schools opens doors to opportunity for delivery of student services via the Internet. Through the use of structured interviews with four practicing Florida virtual school counselors, and a follow-up survey, the authors examined the experiences and reflections of school counselors who are employed full time in a statewide…

  11. School Violence. Web Lessons. (United States)

    Constitutional Rights Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.

    In answer to the concerns about school violence in the United States (especially since the tragedy in 1999 at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado), this Internet curriculum offers lessons and resources that address the topic of school violence and its causes, as well as the search for solutions. The curriculum presents four world wide web…

  12. Preventing School Violence (United States)

    Rulloda, Rudolfo Barcena


    School violence has mushroomed into a devastating epidemic and is deteriorating the basic foundation of education. In this article, the author will present several teaching strategies for preventing school violence from becoming an arduous enigma within the classroom and school environments, and focus on assessment and reflection in order to…

  13. My Dream School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶佳玲; 吴晓姿


    Ladies and gentlemen,I’d like to share with you my dream school.I want a school that is so large that we can play games here and there after class.I also want the school that looks like a big garden.There are many kinds of flowers and trees around it.

  14. The School Breakfast Program (United States)

    US Department of Agriculture, 2009


    The School Breakfast Program is a federally assisted meal program operating in public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions. It began as a pilot project in 1966, and was made permanent in 1975. The School Breakfast Program is administered at the Federal level by the Food and Nutrition Service. At the State level,…

  15. School Libraries and Innovation (United States)

    McGrath, Kevin G.


    School library programs have measured success by improved test scores. But how do next-generation school libraries demonstrate success as they strive to be centers of innovation and creativity? These libraries offer solutions for school leaders who struggle to restructure existing systems built around traditional silos of learning (subjects and…

  16. Responsibility and School Governance (United States)

    Allen, Ann; Mintrom, Michael


    The concept of responsibility is highly relevant to the organization of public schooling. Through public schools, adult citizens allow for the formal nurture and training of children to become full citizens, able to participate in our shared social, economic, and political life. With growing awareness of the importance of effective schooling to…

  17. Thinking about Middle School. (United States)

    Hochman, Jere

    This book on middle school uses a very free-form structure to encourage educators to think about middle school's philosophy and purpose, and about how to create a successful middle school. The preface claims that it is not a book "about" teaming, advisory, interdisciplinary units, intramurals, parent-teacher conferences, and other middle school…

  18. Pre-school and primary school teachers??? perceptions of school readiness in Ireland


    Donnelly, Maria


    non-peer-reviewed Decisions to send a child to school are often made on the basis of parents and pre-school teachers??? perceptions. There may be disparity between how pre-school and primary school teachers??? define school readiness. The primary objective of this study was to establish current pre-school and primary school teachers??? perspectives of school readiness in Ireland and to compare perspectives from both teacher groups. The research also intended to ascertain the current rol...

  19. Better Schools, Less Crime?


    Deming, David James


    I estimate the impact of attending a first-choice middle or high school on adult crime, using data from public school choice lotteries in Charlotte-Mecklenburg school district (CMS). Seven years after random assignment, lottery winners had been arrested for fewer serious crimes and had spent fewer days incarcerated. The gain in school quality as measured by peer and teacher inputs was equivalent to moving from one of the lowest-ranked schools to one at the district average. The reduction in c...

  20. Headache and school absence.


    Collin, C; Hockaday, J M; Waters, W E


    The amount of time missed from school in two small town school populations was estimated by measuring absence from school and attendance at sickbay, and stated causes were analysed. School absence related to headache (expressed as percentage of pupil days missed out of possible pupil days, during two 12 week periods) in children aged 5 to 14 years, was 0.05%. This represented approximately 1% of all school absence, and was recorded (usually only once) in 3.7% of children. The duration of abse...

  1. Wind for Schools (Poster)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baring-Gould, I.


    As the United States dramatically expands wind energy deployment, the industry is challenged with developing a skilled workforce and addressing public resistance. Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools project addresses these issues by developing Wind Application Centers (WACs) at universities; WAC students assist in implementing school wind turbines and participate in wind courses, by installing small wind turbines at community "host" schools, by implementing teacher training with interactive curricula at each host school. This poster provides an overview of the first two years of the Wind for Schools project, primarily supporting activities in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho.

  2. Authoritative school climate and high school dropout rates. (United States)

    Jia, Yuane; Konold, Timothy R; Cornell, Dewey


    This study tested the association between school-wide measures of an authoritative school climate and high school dropout rates in a statewide sample of 315 high schools. Regression models at the school level of analysis used teacher and student measures of disciplinary structure, student support, and academic expectations to predict overall high school dropout rates. Analyses controlled for school demographics of school enrollment size, percentage of low-income students, percentage of minority students, and urbanicity. Consistent with authoritative school climate theory, moderation analyses found that when students perceive their teachers as supportive, high academic expectations are associated with lower dropout rates. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26641957

  3. [School difficulties in adolescence]. (United States)

    Schwarzenberg, T L; Buffone, M R; Scardia, C; Facente, C


    Loss, failure and desertion are those words, which better describe the most frequent difficulties incurred by teenagers, and their relation to the school environment, and indicate, as well, the lack of connection between individual aspirations and school achievements obtained. Despite the likelihood of school difficulties throughout the entire educational career, from the kindergarten to the college, we are able to recognize certain specific "disturbances" which come out during the adolescence, basically relating to the school experiences. School failure, school desertion and school abandonment are, in fact, issues mainly discussed in coincidence with the beginning of the adolescent age and the attending of the high school. The aetiopathogenesis of school discomfort is mostly determined by more than only one factor: psychological, physical, cognitive and environmental aspects, all together, contribute in various ways, to the rise and persisting of the above described problems. Suggesting a univocal characterization of the adolescent with school difficulties, is indeed a hard task, since school failure is not an exclusive feature of only one kind of personality or the expression of only one type of conflict. Once identified the individuals more subject to risk, and the warning signs of actual uneasiness, it is important therefore to intervene timely and in different ways in order to avoid the worsening or the excessive extension of the school difficulties and of their frequent and serious consequences on the teenagers' individual and domestic well-being. Such type of prevention definitely belongs to the Adolescent Medicine, and must be developed on different levels, by involving not only the teenagers, but also their families, the school, and the whole social environment in which the teenagers live and with which they interact. PMID:12388952

  4. Charter School Parents and Their Perceptions of Independent Schools (United States)

    Torres, Amada


    Given that independent schools have started to face competition from charter schools, the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS) commissioned a study with current and prospective charter school parents to determine their perceptions of charter vs. independent schools, assess the relative impact of the variables that affect their school…

  5. The School Leader's Tool for Assessing and Improving School Culture (United States)

    Wagner, Christopher R.


    School culture consists of "the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors which characterize a school" (Phillips, 1996, p. 1). It is the shared experiences both in school and out of school (traditions and celebrations) that create a sense of community, family, and team membership. It affects everything that happens in a school, including student…

  6. School Related Alienation: Perceptions of Secondary School Students. (United States)

    Kunkel, Richard C.; And Others

    Responses to questionnaires administered to 10,000 senior high school students to ascertain their feelings of alienation as related to their schools are presented. The questionnaire items concerned: School as an Institution, The School as Teacher, Authority--Autonomy, and Parental Interest in School. The findings that resulted from the…

  7. Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review (United States)

    Losen, Daniel J.; Keith, Michael A., II; Hodson, Cheri L.; Martinez, Tia E.


    This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation's 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses…

  8. Three High School After-School Initiatives: Lessons Learned (United States)

    Barr, Sarah; Birmingham, Jennifer; Fornal, Jennifer; Klein, Rachel; Piha, Sam


    Little attention has been paid to older youth in the recent expansion of school-based after-school programs. High school clubs and community-based programs have existed for years, but many have struggled to sustain the participation of teens. Alarmed by the large numbers of high school-age youth who are disengaged at school and leaving high school…

  9. Hiring School Counselors in Faith-Based Schools (United States)

    Murray, Robert J.


    Although school counseling candidates in faith-based schools may possess an extraordinary resume, it is essential that their beliefs and behaviors be compatible with the mission and philosophy of the school for which they are interviewing. If hiring practices are not addressed in faith-based schools, these schools run the risk of losing their…

  10. Authenticity or School-only?:Meaningful learning inside schools


    Fougt, Simon Skov


    Challenging the apparent distinction among educational researchers between ‘authenticity’ outside schools and ‘school-only’ inside schools, this paper investigates the concept of meaningfulness from different perspectives with a focus on formal learning in schools, as it states that teaching and learning inside school also can be authentic.

  11. RCsec turtle


    Rose, Matthew


    Matthew Rose worked at the Naval Postgraduate School as a graphic designer from February 2002-November 2011. His work for NPS included logos, brochures, business packs, movies/presentations, posters, the CyberSiege video game and many other projects. This material was organized and provided by the artist, for inclusion in the NPS Archive, Calhoun.

  12. Geography Ed for a Flat World (United States)

    Schachter, Ron


    Geography is not what it used to be. Nowadays, that subject is often buried--and therefore inadequately covered--in a social studies curriculum itself under siege because of the extended commitment in schools to reading and math. But geographical knowledge also is not what it used to be. It has become essential to understanding a brave new world…

  13. A School on Roof

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    March 23, Wednesday, Wuhan. It was a raining and cloudy day. One month passed but still more than 20 students had yet registered in Lingzhi Elementary School in Jianghan District, Wuhan, capital city of central Hubei Province. Zhu Zhongfan habitually looked out to the stairway of the building. “Whenever a new semester begins, a dozen of students will not come. They either go back to their hometowns or transfer to other school or even drop out.” Zhu, 49 years old, is the headmaster of the school. He began teaching at 19 and founded this school in 1999. Currently, there are 406 registered students, most of which are children of migrant workers from the countryside. As it is extremely hard to find a cheap place for school, Zhu had to locate his school on the roof of a vegetable fair building. Everyday, student's reciting of textbooks mixes with shouting of vendors, orchestrating unique symphonic melodies.

  14. Charter Schools and Market Segmentation (United States)

    Batie, Michael


    This dissertation was undertaken to examine the effect(s) of charter school marketing on the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) education landscape with respect to the stratification of charter schools. Information from four sources: school websites, a survey of charter school parents, existing online statistics and data, and various…

  15. Resourcing Change in Small Schools (United States)

    Anderson, Michelle; White, Simone


    The theme of this article is the challenge that school leaders face in creating the conditions for learning in small schools. We draw on the concepts of "social capital" and "social entrepreneurship" to identify tensions and possibilities for school leaders in a case study of a small rural school as they seek to find resources for school-community…

  16. Schooling, Education and the Future. (United States)

    Galtung, Johan

    A series of discussions on the present and possible future of education in Sweden is presented. The major themes covered are: the boredom of school; school and the life-cycle; the problem of examinations; a comparison of schooling and eating; a pupil centered school; experimental schools in Sicily and Oslo; the university; distinctions among the…

  17. Charter School Replication. Policy Guide (United States)

    Rhim, Lauren Morando


    "Replication" is the practice of a single charter school board or management organization opening several more schools that are each based on the same school model. The most rapid strategy to increase the number of new high-quality charter schools available to children is to encourage the replication of existing quality schools. This policy guide…

  18. Authenticity or School-only?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fougt, Simon Skov

    Challenging the apparent distinction among educational researchers between ‘authenticity’ outside schools and ‘school-only’ inside schools, this paper investigates the concept of meaningfulness from different perspectives with a focus on formal learning in schools, as it states that teaching...... and learning inside school also can be authentic....

  19. Transgender Children in Schools


    Hellen, Mark


    This article is intended to provide evidence to suggest that information for teachers regarding transgender children does not represent an adequate picture of transgendered children in schools and that primary schools need to be made more aware of how to deal with transgender children, even if these children do not make themselves known to staff. It will argue that this is probably a contributing factor in transgender children’s underachievement in school. The implications of this research...

  20. Effective School Counseling Teams


    Lilley, Stacey Custer


    Despite much attention given to effective teams in the workplace, school counseling teams have been neglected in the research. The primary purpose of this mixed methods study was to learn what characteristics secondary counselors perceive contribute to an effective school counseling team. The first research phase conducted six team interviews; themes emerging from the interviews yielded the development of the Effective School Counseling Team Questionnaire (ESCTQ). The following research quest...

  1. School eye health appraisal


    Desai Sanjiv; Desai Rajiv; Desai N; Lohiya Shobha; Bhargava G; Kumar K


    School children form an important large target group which must be screened adequately for early detection of eye diseases and prevention of blindness. A total approach in a school eye health programme must include teacher orientation and health education of children in addition to screening for eye diseases. The ocular morbidity pattern in 5135 school children of Jodhpur is discussed in this paper and it is hoped that it will be an indicator to all eye care agencies to help plan their priori...

  2. Violence in the School Setting: A School Nurse Perspective. (United States)

    King, Kate K


    Violence in schools has become a significant public health risk and is not limited to violent acts committed in the school setting. Violence in homes, neighborhoods, and communities also affects the learning and behaviors of children while at school. School violence, such as shootings, weapons in schools, assaults, fights, bullying; other witnessed violence in non-school settings; and violence as a cultural norm of problem solving can all impact the ability of children to function in school. School nurses serve on the front-line of problem identification and intervene to diminish the effects of violence on both school children as individuals and on populations in schools and the community. This article describes ways in which school nurses deal with violence and concludes with discussion of potential responses to violence, including the school nurse response to violence and implications for other healthcare professionals. PMID:26812201

  3. School counsellor's roles in minimising adolescents' attrition from schools


    Ikechukwu, Bridget N. Q.; Aluede, Oyaziwo


    Counselling ways (rendering financial advice, providing encouragement, reassurances and support), which the school counselllors could adopt to help the school system minimize the increasing incidence of school dropout, were advanced.

  4. School eye health appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desai Sanjiv


    Full Text Available School children form an important large target group which must be screened adequately for early detection of eye diseases and prevention of blindness. A total approach in a school eye health programme must include teacher orientation and health education of children in addition to screening for eye diseases. The ocular morbidity pattern in 5135 school children of Jodhpur is discussed in this paper and it is hoped that it will be an indicator to all eye care agencies to help plan their priorities in the delivery of school based eye care.

  5. Quantum Physics in School. (United States)

    Lawrence, I.


    Discusses a teaching strategy for introducing quantum ideas into the school classroom using modern devices. Develops the concepts of quantization, wave-particle duality, nonlocality, and tunneling. (JRH)

  6. Swimming: On Oxygen, Resistance, and Possibility for Immigrant Youth under Siege (United States)

    Fine, Michelle; Jaffe-Walter, Reva; Pedraza, Pedro; Futch, Valerie; Stoudt, Brett


    In this article, we consider the ways in which educational policies and institutions today enable or obstruct young people who are immigrant English-language learners as they seek to cross cultural and educational borders. Contrasting a class action suit in California protesting high stakes testing that will significantly limit graduation rates,…

  7. SUSY models under siege: LHC constraints and electroweak fine-tuning

    CERN Document Server

    Baer, Howard; Mickelson, Dan; Padeffke-Kirkland, Maren


    Recent null results from LHC8 SUSY searches along with the discovery of a SM-like Higgs boson with mass m(h)~ 125.5 GeV indicates sparticle masses in the TeV range, causing tension with conventional measures of electroweak fine-tuning. We propose a simple Fine-tuning Rule which should be followed under any credible evaluation of fine-tuning. We believe that overestimates of electroweak fine-tuning by conventional measures all arise from violations of this rule. We show that to gain accord with the Fine-tuning Rule, then both Higgs mass and the traditional \\Delta_{BG} fine-tuning measures reduce to the model-independent electroweak fine-tuning measure \\Delta_{EW}. This occurs by combining dependent contributions to m(Z) or m(h) into independent units. Then, using \\Delta_{EW}, we evaluate EW fine-tuning for a variety of SUSY models including mSUGRA, NUHM1, NUHM2, mGMSB, mAMSB, hyper-charged AMSB and nine cases of mixed moduli-anomaly (mirage) mediated SUSY breaking models (MMAMSB) whilst respecting LHC Higgs ma...

  8. No-Citation Rules Under Siege: A Battlefield Report and Analysis


    Barnett, Stephen R.


    Debate over unpublished judicial opinions and no-citation rules frequently proceeds without full and updated information about citation practices and developments. This is particularly true of the state courts, whose citation practices are diverse, elusive, and fast-changing. This article offers a comprehensive report on current practices in the federal circuit courts of appeals - where nine of the thirteen circuits now allow citation of unpublished opinions (apart from related cases) - and i...

  9. States Under Siege: Rising Terrorism and the Ascent of Political Islam (United States)

    Hoodbhoy, Pervez


    Religious extremists are challenging the authority of several Muslim states and the legitimacy of their governments through the use of terror. As state authority crumbles, victorious extremists could create new centers of international terrorism with wide-ranging consequences. To combat the threat effectively, it is necessary to understand both the ideology of extremism and the forces that propel it. And also, to situate them in a historical context...

  10. SIEGE : Service-Independent Enterprise-GradE protection against password scans


    Waldvogel, Marcel; Kollek, Jürgen


    Security is one of the main challenges today, complicated significantly by the heterogeneous and open academic networks with thousands of different applications. Botnet-based brute-force password scans are common security threat against the open academic networks. Common defenses are hard to maintain, error-prone and do not reliably discriminate between user error and coordinated attack. In this paper, we present a novel approach, which allows to secure many network services at once. By combi...

  11. Book review of Hollow City: the Siege of San Francisco and the Crisis of American Urbanism


    Morris, Elizabeth W.


    Solnit and Schwartzenberg chronicle the real Y2k problem in San Francisco: a fin de siècle real estate boom and accelerated crisis of hous- ing displacement, as experienced by the City’s artists and cultural activ- ists. It’s the direct result of the World Wide Web, the propulsive growth of the internet economy, and a more long-standing spillover of unmet housing demand from the fabled Silicon Valley, south of San Francisco. Class conflict is front and center as developers and ‘dot-com-mers,’...

  12. Examining School Management Problems by Student and School Related Variables


    Demirtaş, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Hasan; ÜSTÜNER, Mehmet; Niyazi ÖZER


    Summary Taymaz (1994) defines five categories of tasks for school administrators, including services related to (1) personnel, (2) students, (3) instruction, (4) education, and (5) business operations. These tasks are interrelated and quite complicated as school administrators are supposed to create consensus among school community and different groups outside the school. School administrators may face some issues concerning students, teachers, school facilities and equipments. Social, cultu...

  13. The Enduring Influence of School Size and School Climate on Parents' Engagement in the School Community (United States)

    Goldkind, Lauri; Farmer, G. Lawrence


    This study sought to examine the direct and indirect associations between school size and parents' perceptions of the invitations for involvement provided by their children's school in a school system that has actively attempted to reduce the negative effects of school size. Using data from the New York Public Schools' annual Learning Environment…

  14. School Board Member and School Counselor Perceptions of School Board Knowledge, Priorities, and Policy (United States)

    Shea, Megyn L.


    The role and function of school counselors remains a consistent source of concern in the school counseling profession. Aligning school counseling activities with comprehensive school counseling practice is a way to standardize the profession. Creating a school board policy for counseling is a strategy to gain support for and institutionalize…

  15. School Violence and Theoretically Atypical Schools: The Principal's Centrality in Orchestrating Safe Schools (United States)

    Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Estrada, Jose Nunez


    Theories often assume that schools in communities with high violence also have high rates of school violence, yet there are schools with very low violence in high violence communities. Organizational variables within these schools may buffer community influences. Nine "atypical" schools are selected from a national database in Israel. Three years…

  16. Preventing School Bullying: Should Schools Prioritize an Authoritative School Discipline Approach over Security Measures? (United States)

    Gerlinger, Julie; Wo, James C.


    A common response to school violence features the use of security measures to deter serious and violent incidents. However, a second approach, based on school climate theory, suggests that schools exhibiting authoritative school discipline (i.e., high structure and support) might more effectively reduce school disorder. We tested these approaches…

  17. School Travel Planning: Mobilizing School and Community Resources to Encourage Active School Transportation (United States)

    Buliung, Ron; Faulkner, Guy; Beesley, Theresa; Kennedy, Jacky


    Background: Active school transport (AST), school travel using an active mode like walking, may be important to children's overall physical activity. A "school travel plan" (STP) documents a school's transport characteristics and provides an action plan to address school and neighborhood barriers to AST. Methods: We conducted a pilot STP…

  18. School tenure and student achievement


    Fan, Wen


    While much empirical work concerns job tenure, this paper introduces the concept of school tenure -- the length of time one student has been in a given school. I examine whether and how school tenure impacts students’ output using rich cohort data on England’s secondary schools. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) estimates suggest that, on average, students benefit from longer own school tenure but suffer from that of their peers. Using the number of times the student moved school during the academ...

  19. High School Oceanography. (United States)

    Falmouth Public Schools, MA.

    This book is a compilation of a series of papers designed to aid high school teachers in organizing a course in oceanography for high school students. It consists of twelve papers, with references, covering each of the following: (1) Introduction to Oceanography, (2) Geology of the Ocean, (3) The Continental Shelves, (4) Physical Properties of Sea…

  20. School Executive Website Study (United States)

    Thiede, Robert


    The School Executive Website will be a one-stop, online site for officials who are looking for educational data, best practices, product reviews, school documents, professional opinions, and/or job-related networking. The format of the website is designed in certain sections similar to other current and popular websites, such as Angie's,…

  1. Departmentalize Elementary Schools (United States)

    Chan, Tak Cheung; Jarman, Delbert


    In elementary schools today, most students receive their education in a single classroom from one teacher who is responsible for teaching language arts, social studies, math, and science. The self-contained classroom organization is predicated on the assumption that an elementary school teacher is a Jack (or Jill)-of-all-trades who is equally…

  2. Back to School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Students at Beijing’s Zhongguancun No.3 Primary School raise the national flag on September 1, when primary and middle schools across China started the fall semester.China is exempting about 28.21 million urban students in the nine-year compulsory education program from tuition fees this semester. The students need to pay for textbooks and uniforms only.

  3. Three Squares at School (United States)

    Finkel, Ed


    What's for dinner? In thousands of school districts across the country, students are no longer asking that question to mom or dad but rather to cafeteria workers. That's because of the federal Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, signed into law in December 2010, which funds a third meal in schools where at least half of students qualify for free or…

  4. Catholics and Catholic Schooling (United States)

    Sander, William


    The effect of Catholic religiosity as indicated by church attendance on the demand for Catholic schooling at the primary and secondary levels is estimated. It is shown that parents' religiosity has a large effect on the probability that their children attend Catholic schools. Furthermore, estimates of bivariate probit models indicate that parents'…

  5. School Nurse Perspectives (United States)

    Borja, Mary C.; Amidon, Christine; Spellings, Diane; Franzetti, Susan; Nasuta, Mary


    This article features school nurses from across the country who are championing for school-located influenza immunization within their communities. These nurses are: (1) Mary C. Borja; (2) Christine Amidon; (3) Diane Spellings; (4) Susan Franzetti; and (5) Mary Nasuta. (Contains 6 figures.)

  6. The school bullying problem. (United States)

    Karstadt, L; Woods, S

    Research into school bullying has, to date, predominantly focused on prevalence and intervention programmes. This article reviews some of this previous work and goes on to explore and discuss the holistic management of bullying, and outlines the importance of the role of the school nurse. PMID:11209308

  7. Schools, Families, and Math. (United States)

    Murray, Megan


    Introduces "Schools and Families: Creating a Math Partnership," a book designed to help parents see the math in their children's work and establish effective home-school partnerships. Includes an except from the book that discusses how homework can help parents see how their children are learning and doing mathematics in class. (KHR)

  8. "Perestroika" in Chicago's Schools. (United States)

    Ayers, William


    In a sense, school reform is Chicago's "perestroika." As in Europe, an authoritarian, survivalist bureaucracy has collapsed, and a radical democracy is proposed as the solution to years of paralysis and backwardness. Unfortunately, the inexperienced Local School Councils lack vision and often promulgate commonplace solutions. Insistence on parent…

  9. School Parent Involvement Policy (United States)

    Center for Law and Education (NJ3), 2005


    This school parent involvement policy is divided into three sections: (1) Development and Adoption of the Parent Involvement Policy; (2) Contents of the Parent Involvement Policy; and (3) Distributing and Revising the School's Parent Involvement Policy. This paper presents the provision of the Section 1118 of Title I of the No Child Left Behind…

  10. Business Schools at Risk. (United States)

    BizEd, 2002


    Explores pervasive forces, such as faculty shortages, pressures to enhance curricular relevance, and intense, worldwide competition, that are threatening traditional business schools. Describes recommendations reached by the Management Education Task Force formed by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, which addressed these…

  11. A School Culture Audit (United States)

    Williamson, Ronald; Blackburn, Barbara R.


    Educators know that something needs to change; they analyze data, build a plan, and provide professional development, yet little changes. Often that is because they fail to take into account the culture of their schools. Culture reflects the complex set of values, traditions, assumptions, and patterns of behavior that are present in a school.…

  12. Queer spawn on school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Epstein


    Full Text Available This article is about the school experiences of young people with LGBTQ parents. Based on 31 interviews with youth, ages 10-18, the article attempts to summarize what these young people had to say about the challenges they encounter in school, and the strategies they adopt in the face of them.

  13. American Overseas Schools. (United States)

    Simpson, Robert J., Ed.; Duke, Charles R., Ed.

    A compilation of articles examines the similarities and differences of educational administration in schools for American students overseas. The "Introductions and Orientations" section includes: "The Association for the Advancement of International Education" (Lewis A. Grell); "The Office of Overseas Schools of the United States Department of…

  14. Youth Gangs and Schools (United States)

    Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2007


    Few schools escape dynamics and behaviors that are associated with gangs. Think, for example, about bullying, disruptive intergroup conflicts, drug sales and abuse, and vandalism such as theft, graffiti, and other forms of property damage. From both a policy and practice perspective, it is essential for schools to understand and address…

  15. Personalization in Schools (United States)

    Yonezawa, Susan; McClure, Larry; Jones, Makeba


    Thoughtful educators personalize schools--greeting students by name, offering extra academic help, checking in about serious family problems. Some go further, such as setting up specialized clubs or internships with local businesses. Such acts benefit students, helping them feel connected to school and helping teachers and other staff respond to…

  16. Improving America's Schools. (United States)

    Joyce, Bruce R.

    This book presents an argument for school improvement and explains how it might be conducted. Three stages of evolutionary school improvement are identified and described: refinement, renovation, and redesign. It is suggested that the real task is not only innovating improvements; the real task is uniting teachers, administrators, and community…

  17. Heading a (Montessori) School (United States)

    Peters, Dane L.


    Though Montessori schools have a unique mission, philosophy, and pedagogy, all independent schools have similar demands, functions, and requirements governing board care and education, state and federal mandates and compliances, child care, parent care and education, fundraising, financial standards, employment standards, and care of employees.…

  18. Rethinking School Health (United States)

    Bundy, Donald, Ed.


    School health and nutrition programs can contribute to achieving the goals of the Education for All initiative (EFA) by helping children enroll on time, complete their education, and realize their cognitive potential. Achieving these goals depends on reaching the children most in need. One strong feature of school health and nutrition programs is…

  19. Towards Inclusive Schooling. (United States)

    Ainscow, Mel


    Uses classroom vignettes to examine reasons why schools in the United Kingdom are not yet generally successful in including students with disabilities and suggests simple ways that ordinary teachers can implement inclusive practices. These include the importance of teamwork, a school climate which encourages inclusive practices, and teacher…

  20. Five Trends for Schools (United States)

    Lapkoff, Shelley; Li, Rose Maria


    The authors look at important demographic trends that will have an effect on schools, including roller-coaster enrollments and increasing diversity. For example, compared with 10 years ago, the average child entering a U.S. school today is less likely to live in a family with two married parents but is more likely to have a living grandparent,…

  1. School District Budgeting. (United States)

    Hartman, William T.

    This book is devoted exclusively to the budgeting process in school districts, unlike the more common generic budgeting texts. As such, it allows an in-depth treatment of both conceptual and practical aspects of budgeting in a single volume. By default, school business officials have had to rely on the state education accounting manual as their…


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    How fortunate I was admitted to this school!Theteachers are learned and conscientious in theirteachings.They take great pains to make us learnour lessons.They pay much attention to our home-work.Above all, they live and work together with us.In this school there is no distinct barrier at all be-tween teachers and students.

  3. Indian School Days. (United States)

    Johnston, Basil H.

    This autobiography relates the experiences of a young Ojibway boy who was taken from his family in 1939 at age 10 and placed in a Jesuit boarding school in northern Ontario, Canada. St. Peter Claver (later Garnier) or "Spanish," as the Indian school was known, was home to approximately 135 boys. Most of the students, who ranged in age from 4 to…

  4. Scapegoating Public Schools (United States)

    Shaker, Paul S.; Heilman, Elizabeth E.


    In their popular explanation of No Child Left Behind, journalists and other public voices claim that unruly and inefficient public schools are being brought under the control of effective central authorities by scientific, test-driven accountability. Other popular themes of reform in media include mayoral control of schools, non-educators as…

  5. Strategic Leadership in Schools (United States)

    Williams, Henry S.; Johnson, Teryl L.


    Strategic leadership is built upon traits and actions that encompass the successful execution of all leadership styles. In a world that is rapidly changing, strategic leadership in schools guides school leader through assuring constant improvement process by anticipating future trends and planning for them and noting that plans must be flexible to…

  6. School Safety and Earthquakes. (United States)

    Dwelley, Laura; Tucker, Brian; Fernandez, Jeanette


    A recent assessment of earthquake risk to Quito, Ecuador, concluded that many of its public schools are vulnerable to collapse during major earthquakes. A subsequent examination of 60 buildings identified 15 high-risk buildings. These schools were retrofitted to meet standards that would prevent injury even during Quito's largest earthquakes. US…

  7. Asbestos in Colorado Schools. (United States)

    Baldwin, Cynthia A.

    This study determined, by means of a random sample, how many of Colorado's public schools have asbestos materials and estimated the potential risk of exposure presented by these materials. Forty-one schools were surveyed. Bulk samples of possible asbestos materials were collected and analyzed using the K-squared Asbestos Screening Test to…

  8. Eating at School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, Steen; Christiansen, Tenna Holdorff


    In this paper we examine how the policies formulated by Danish school authorities concerning eating at school are implemented by staff and interpreted by schoolchildren. We use positioning theory in order to analyse how authorities, staff, and children engage in a mutual positioning, within and...

  9. Reducing School Violence: School-Based Curricular Programs and School Climate (United States)

    Greene, Michael B.


    This article examines two different, but interrelated approaches to reduce school violence: school-based curricular programs and efforts to change school climate. The state of the research for each is reviewed and the relationship between them is explored.

  10. Joint International Accelerator School

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School


    The CERN and US Particle Accelerator Schools recently organised a Joint International Accelerator School on Beam Loss and Accelerator Protection, held at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Newport Beach, California, USA from 5-14 November 2014. This Joint School was the 13th in a series of such schools, which started in 1985 and also involves the accelerator communities in Japan and Russia.   Photo courtesy of Alfonse Pham, Michigan State University.   The school attracted 58 participants representing 22 different nationalities, with around half from Europe and the other half from Asia and the Americas. The programme comprised 26 lectures, each of 90 minutes, and 13 hours of case study. The students were given homework each day and had an opportunity to sit a final exam, which counted towards university credit. Feedback from the participants was extremely positive, praising the expertise and enthusiasm of the lecturers, as well as the high standard and quality of their lectures. Initial dis...

  11. School for beggars' children. (United States)

    Eferaro, S; Uloko, S D


    The children of blind beggars lead their parents around to beg for alms instead of going to school. 5 years of research however, supported by the Human Development Foundation in Nigeria found that adult beggars want their children to get educated, but did not think it possible. A special school for beggars' children was established by the foundation in 1990 with 30 children aged 6-12 years. The children attend school daily from 2 to 5 P.M. and help their blind parents in the mornings and evenings. Students receive free uniforms, writing materials and books, and are fed free during school hours. This school has attracted the attention of UNICEF which has been offering aid in the form of technical and teaching materials. The program has proved so successful, however, that demand is outpacing the supply of available teachers and teaching space. More room and more teachers are needed. Fund-raisers are being organized to that end. PMID:12318634

  12. Violence and school shootings. (United States)

    Flannery, Daniel J; Modzeleski, William; Kretschmar, Jeff M


    Multiple-homicide school shootings are rare events, but when they happen they significantly impact individuals, the school and the community. We focus on multiple-homicide incidents and identified mental health issues of shooters. To date, studies of school shootings have concluded that no reliable profile of a shooter exists, so risk should be assessed using comprehensive threat assessment protocols. Existing studies primarily utilize retrospective case histories or media accounts. The field requires more empirical and systematic research on all types of school shootings including single victim incidents, those that result in injury but not death and those that are successfully averted. We discuss current policies and practices related to school shootings and the role of mental health professionals in assessing risk and supporting surviving victims. PMID:23254623

  13. My Middle School Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高懿; 吕静


    It is generally believed that the best time of one's hfe is their youth, and we spend most of it in our schools. So school is like a cradle which supports us from our childhood through adulthood. It also serves as a bridge between family and society. As a teenager, I have already studied more than 6 years in middle school, during which period I have gained notonly a great deal of knowledge but some valuable experience as well. The most important of all are the many unforgettable activities of school, which make my hfe more colorful.Looking back on my nearly 7 years' middle school hfe, I'd hke to divide it into two parts,that is, help and enjoyment.

  14. School Gardens and Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiemensma, Britt Due


    This paper outlines the changing discourse on school gardens as a learning object as well as a learning environment in urban and rural schools in Denmark and Norway, two small states in Northern Europe. School and community gardens are to be found all over the world, and in Scandinavian...... they are not only regarded as a source of health and fresh food for the students and their families, but also as an alternative arena for learning to cope with issues like sustainability, innovation and democracy. The success of school gardening was always based on dedicated teachers who saw the added value...... of children learning to plant and care for plants in a school garden....

  15. Cuban school dictionaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Sven; Ruiz Miyares, Leonel


    One of the reasons why many publishing houses hesitate when allocating resources to the development of more advanced concepts of school dictionaries is the relatively poor sales and corresponding profits coming from this category of dictionaries. A major challenge is therefore how to change the s...... which is affecting both school children and lexicographers in many countries and language communities.......One of the reasons why many publishing houses hesitate when allocating resources to the development of more advanced concepts of school dictionaries is the relatively poor sales and corresponding profits coming from this category of dictionaries. A major challenge is therefore how to change...... the situation, stimulate the use and sales of school dictionaries, and guarantee the necessary investment in product development. The contribution will take up this challenge. It will give no final answer, but it will discuss an experience with a Cuban school dictionary which has reached its target users...

  16. School Management Information Systems in Primary Schools (United States)

    Demir, Kamile


    Developments in information technologies have been impacting upon educational organizations. Principals have been using management information systems to improve the efficiency of administrative services. The aim of this research is to explore principals' perceptions about management information systems and how school management information…

  17. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar (United States)

    Petrilli, Michael J.


    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  18. Predictors of School Victimization: Individual, Familial, and School Factors (United States)

    Wynne, Susan L.; Joo, Hee-Jong


    Recent deadly school crime incidents have caused great concern regarding school safety. From criminal acts to bullying and verbal abuse, school disorder compromises student safety and the learning environment. Using a series of logistic regression analyses and data from the National Crime Victimization Survey's School Crime Supplement of 2003,…

  19. Charter School Competition, Organization, and Achievement in Traditional Public Schools (United States)

    Davis, Tomeka M.


    Market models of education reform predict that the growth of charter schools will infuse competition into the public school sector, forcing traditional public schools to improve the practices they engage in to educate students. Some scholars have criticized these models, arguing that competition from charter schools is unlikely to produce…

  20. School Management Related Knowledge Levels of Primary School Teachers (United States)

    Ugurlu, Celal Teyyar


    The knowledge levels of the teachers affect the qualifications of operations and transactions in schools. School management related knowledge of the teachers is an essential tool to reach the targets of the school. The objective of this study was to determine the school management related knowledge levels of the teachers. Qualitative and…

  1. School Nurses: Positive Deviant Leaders in the School Setting (United States)

    Ladd, Victoria J.


    A variety of leadership theories are examined to support the idea that school nurses can be positive deviants in the school setting. Transformational leadership, situational leadership, and complexity theory can all be used by school nurses to create positive change in the school environment because all recognize the need for flexible leadership…

  2. The School Foodservice Handbook (A Guide for School Administrators). (United States)

    Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

    School food service should be considered a vital aspect of school operations, not an appendage to the educational program. This handbook revolves around the federal Child Nutrition and National School Lunch program serving about 24 million pupils daily in over 90 percent of the nation's 89,200 public schools. The booklet helps explain various…

  3. School Identity in the Context of Alberta Charter Schools (United States)

    Thompson, Merlin; Gereluk, Dianne; Kowch, Eugene


    The central tenet of this investigation is that educational institutions possess their own school identity. Acknowledging that school identity is influenced by institutional mechanisms and personal dynamics, we examine school identity in the context of 13 Alberta charter schools. Narratives of 73 educational stakeholders across the network of…

  4. State Policy Snapshot: School District Facilities and Public Charter Schools (United States)

    Simnick, Russ


    One of the greatest challenges to the health of the public charter school movement is access to adequate facilities in which the schools operate. Public charter school facilities are rarely funded on par with school district facilities. Over the years, more states have come to realize that they have an obligation to ensure that all public school…

  5. Comparing New School Effects in Charter and Traditional Public Schools (United States)

    Kelly, Andrew P.; Loveless, Tom


    This study investigates whether student achievement varies during the institutional life span of charter schools by comparing them to new public schools. The results show that there is little evidence that new public schools struggle with initial start-up issues to the same extent as new charter schools. Even after controlling for school…

  6. Family-School Connection and School Violence Prevention (United States)

    Boulter, Lyn


    Childhood and youth violence in the schools is a major concern in the United States. School-associated violent deaths between 1194 and 1999 have increased, and significantly more students report taking a weapon to school. This paper discusses the causes and correlates of school violence, including the accumulation of social and psychological risk…

  7. Female Middle School Principals' Voices: Implications for School Leadership Preparation (United States)

    Jones, Cathy; Ovando, Martha; High, Cynthia


    This study was an attempt to add the voices of women to the discourse of school leadership. It focused on the nature of the middle school leadership experiences of three female middle school principals, their social interactions based on gender role expectations and their own leadership perspectives. Findings suggest that middle school leadership…

  8. Private Schools and the Willingness to Pay for Public Schooling (United States)

    Brasington, David M.


    Households pay a premium to live in houses assigned to high quality public schools, and the housing market yields information about the demand for public school quality. The current study estimates a two-stage house price hedonic emphasizing the role that private schools play in the willingness to pay for public school quality. The elasticity of…

  9. Food Practices and School Connectedness: A Whole-School Approach (United States)

    Neely, Eva; Walton, Mat; Stephens, Christine


    Purpose: The health-promoting schools (HPSs) framework has emerged as a promising model for promoting school connectedness in the school setting. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential for food practices to promote school connectedness within a HPSs framework. Design/methodology/approach: This study explores food practices within a…

  10. School Building Defect Pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahli M.


    Full Text Available In providing a conducive learning environment for the student, the school building must be in good condition. This paper is evaluating the existing condition of primary school building in Sarawak, Malaysia. It focuses on building defects pattern for school building. The primary data collection is from the school building condition survey with involvement of 24 primary schools. The schools have been selected using simple random sampling and stratified sampling (of school age as the variable of selection. The reporting method is based on Condition Survey Protocol (CSP 1 Matrix. Data analysis covers descriptive and inferential statistics. The analysis carried out found that the overall 4,725 defects have been identified. The building defect pattern is mainly on Ground Level of 3,176 defects, the highest number of defects components found on walls (798. 16.2% defects are cracks from 11 common defects and most of all the highest score of defects based on age of the building were the building in the range of 11 to 20 years.

  11. 2014 CERN Accelerator Schools

    CERN Multimedia


    A specialised school on Power Converters will be held in Baden, Switzerland, from 7 to 14 May 2014. Please note that the deadline for applications is 7 FEBRUARY 2014. A course on Introduction to Accelerator Physics will be held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 31 August to 12 September 2014. Applications are now open for this school; the application deadline is 25 APRIL 2014. Further information on these schools and other CAS events can be found on the CAS website and on the Indico page. For further information please contact

  12. School library user studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdenka Verlič


    Full Text Available The analysis of the results of a questionnaire answered by Slovene primary and secondary school librarians is presented in the article. The purpose of the study was to determine if library user studies were being performed in our school libraries. It was confirmed that more studies had been conducted by school librarians with a completed higher level of education, by librarians with adequate (library and information sciences education and also by the librarians participating in life-long learning in their professional field than by other librarians. An important factor influencing increased user studies was also librarians’ membership in the Slovene librarian professional organization.

  13. ACCELERATORS: School prizes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dedicated to its goal of encouraging scientists and students to work in the field of particle accelerators, the US Particle Accelerator School (operating since 1981) has switched to a new format. Starting this year, it will offer in alternate years basic accelerator physics plus advanced subjects in both university and symposium styles over four weeks. Expanding the school from two to four weeks gives additional flexibility, and undergraduate participation should be encouraged by university credits being offered for particular courses. In the intervening years, the school will organize six-day topical courses

  14. Norbert Elias in school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilliam, Laura

    Elias, the school still holds strong ideals of civilized behavior. The strong integration of the school class – which is both a necessity and a social ideal - indeed gives rise to an overriding focus on self-constraint and the behavior management of the individual child. This is influenced by the school...... institution itself, by the reform-pedagogical movement, and by a dominant psychological paradigm. Through this conjunction institutional needs for a well-functioning group are united with ideals of natural unsuppressed children and a sensitive awareness of other people’s boundaries. The result is paradoxical...

  15. Mental retirement and schooling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bingley, Paul; Martinello, Alessandro


    We assess the validity of differences in eligibility ages for early and old age pension benefits as instruments for estimating the effect of retirement on cognitive functioning. Because differences in eligibility ages across country and gender are correlated with differences in years of schooling......, which affect cognitive functioning at old ages, they are invalid as instruments without controlling for schooling. We show by means of simulation and a replication study that unless the model incorporates schooling, the estimated effect of retirement is negatively biased. This explains a large part of...... the “mental retirement” effects which have recently been found...

  16. Energy and school

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coninx, C.


    Schools play an important role in the public relations activities devoted to specific target groups firms in the energy economy and by industries concerned with the problems of acceptance of power plants, nuclear power plants in particular. The elements to be considered when working for schools include the students, teachers, authorities, textbooks, and teacher training. The duties of public relations in this case go beyond the mere dissemination of information and administrative arrangements; they also encompass problems of the curricula, course planning, didactics, etc. The topic can be and should be treated under various aspects in various subjects. This requires close contacts to be maintained with schools.

  17. Homophobia in school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    homophobiais is an irrationalfear,intolerance and hatred of lesbian,gay and bisexual people.Homophobiain school is ignorance.The majority of schools aIe unwilJing or unprepared to do anything about it.Noticeably,homophobia has profound effects on young people with homosexuality or bisexuality not only in health but also in education,whlch includes physical and verbal haras8merit,suicide,drug use,HIV/MDS and academic problems.Therefore,it is time to act for schools to create a support environment for homosexuals.%homophobia health impact education impact a supportive environment

  18. School Climate as an Important Component in School Effectiveness


    Dorina Rapti


    Expectations, values, faith, relationships with staff, the school leader, teachers and students behavior create school climate. The leader can promote or hinder a positive climate through his leadership model. The purpose of this study is to explore what are the climate types that appear in the school as well as to contribute to the expectations of different stakeholders on the school climate. The starting point for improving the performance of students and teachers is to improve school clima...

  19. Shaping the American School Curriculum (United States)

    Ogletree, Earl J.; Fakhri, Muhammad A. W.


    Asserts that historically, the American schools have been shaped by a myriad of social, political and economic forces. The transformation of the schools from the first, but sectarian schools of New England in 1635 to the secular alternative schools of today has reflected the desire of Americans to provide equal educational opportunities."…

  20. "Sleeping Giants" Transform a School. (United States)

    Duff, R. Eleanor


    Describes the transformation of St. John Neumann School, in South Carolina, from a financially unstable parish school to a thriving and fully accredited institution through parent participation and the efforts of a new principal. Argues that the school's experience shows what can be achieved when families, communities, and schools commit…

  1. Studying the Independent School Library (United States)

    Cahoy, Ellysa Stern; Williamson, Susan G.


    In 2005, the American Association of School Librarians' Independent Schools Section conducted a national survey of independent school libraries. This article analyzes the results of the survey, reporting specialized data and information regarding independent school library budgets, collections, services, facilities, and staffing. Additionally, the…

  2. Thomas Edison Accelerated Elementary School. (United States)

    Levin, Henry M.; Chasin, Gene

    This paper describes early outcomes of a Sacramento, California, elementary school that participated in the Accelerated Schools Project. The school, which serves many minority and poor students, began training for the project in 1992. Accelerated Schools were designed to advance the learning rate of students through a gifted and talented approach,…

  3. "Green" School Programs. Research Brief (United States)

    Johnston, J. Howard


    What are "Green School" programs and how do they benefit students, teachers and the community? Green School programs seek to weave concepts of sustainability and environmental awareness into the social and academic culture of the school community. Green schools are high performance facilities that have been designed, built, renovated operated or…

  4. Residential Segregation and School Integration. (United States)

    Rivkin, Steven G.


    Asserts that school districts' efforts to integrate schools have failed to ameliorate the racial isolation of black students. Finds that schools remain segregated primarily because of continued residential segregation and that school integration efforts have had little long-term effect on residential segregation. (CFR)

  5. School-Based Health Centers (United States)

    ... in school increase high school graduation rates decrease school discipline cases Studies show that teens, who might resist going to a doctor, are more willing to get help for problems like depression and weight issues at a school-based health center. This might be because they ...

  6. Essential Lessons for School Leaders (United States)

    Murphy, Joseph


    This gold mine of wisdom from top education researcher and the best-selling author of "Turning Around Failing Schools and Connecting Teacher Leadership and School Improvement" contains key tips and strategies every school leader should know. Award-winning professor and former school administrator Joseph F. Murphy's concise and instructive lessons…

  7. Organizational Learning and School Change. (United States)

    Silins, Halia Claudia; Mulford, William Richard; Zarins, Silja


    Examines nature of organizational learning and leadership practices and processes that foster organizational learning in Australian high schools. Uses a path model to test relationships between school-level factors and school outcome measures in terms of students' participation in and engagement with school. Discusses importance of…

  8. Delayed School Entry in Uganda (United States)

    Moyi, Peter


    Since 1997 Uganda has seen a large increase in school enrolment. Despite this increased enrolment, universal education has remained elusive. Many children enrol in school, but not at the recommended age, and they drop out before completing school. This article focuses on one of these problems--delayed school entry. What household factors are…

  9. School Dropouts in Perspective. (United States)

    Sherraden, Michael W.


    Discusses aspects of the school dropout problem: figures and trends, related youth problems (unemployment, crime and vandalism, drug and alcohol abuse, political alienation, teen pregnancy and childbirth, homicide and suicide), and suggestions for solving the problem. (CT)

  10. Olympiads for Elementary Schools. (United States)

    Lenchner, George


    The goals and history of the Mathematical Olympiads for Elementary Schools are described. Teams, levels, and gender are discussed, as well as teacher training, administration, scoring, and awards. Sample problems are included. (MNS)

  11. Why stay in school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jonasson, Charlotte

    This book addresses the current focus on student retention and dropout within secondary education. The research foundation for this book is a field study that investigates how retention processes are developed in the everyday interaction between students, teachers and leaders in a Danish vocational...... school. The background for the study is the political demands that more young people should complete a secondary education since dropping out of school have serious negative personal, social and economic consequences. The Danish vocational schools on the one hand have to deal with the political demands...... of increased student retention and on the other hand of the labor market demands of supporting the development of high quality vocational skills. It is examined how such structural conditions are related to the social constitution of student retention processes in a vocational school. The book should...

  12. Earthquake Damage to Schools (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be...

  13. Poor school performance. (United States)

    Karande, Sunil; Kulkarni, Madhuri


    Education is one of the most important aspects of human resource development. Poor school performance not only results in the child having a low self-esteem, but also causes significant stress to the parents. There are many reasons for children to under perform at school, such as, medical problems, below average intelligence, specific learning disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, emotional problems, poor socio-cultural home environment, psychiatric disorders and even environmental causes. The information provided by the parents, classroom teacher and school counselor about the child's academic difficulties guides the pediatrician to form an initial diagnosis. However, a multidisciplinary evaluation by an ophthalmologist, otolaryngologist, counselor, clinical psychologist, special educator, and child psychiatrist is usually necessary before making the final diagnosis. It is important to find the reason(s) for a child's poor school performance and come up with a treatment plan early so that the child can perform up to full potential. PMID:16391452

  14. Family Weight School treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nowicka, Paulina; Höglund, Peter; Pietrobelli, Angelo;


    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of a Family Weight School treatment based on family therapy in group meetings with adolescents with a high degree of obesity. METHODS: Seventy-two obese adolescents aged 12-19 years old were referred to a childhood obesity center by pediatricians and...... school nurses and offered a Family Weight School therapy program in group meetings given by a multidisciplinary team. Intervention was compared with an untreated waiting list control group. Body mass index (BMI) and BMI z-scores were calculated before and after intervention. RESULTS: Ninety percent of...... control group with initial BMI z-score < 3.5 (n = 17 out of 23, mean baseline age = 14.1, mean baseline BMI = 31.6, mean baseline BMI z-score = 3.01). No difference was found in adolescents with BMI z-scores > 3.5. CONCLUSIONS: Family Weight School treatment model might be suitable for adolescents with...

  15. Do School Vouchers Work?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ The Ministry of Education recently announced the priorities of its work for2010.One is to ensure migrant workers'children's access to compulsory education in public schools in their destination cities,and to rescind all extra fees.

  16. Enuresis in School Children (United States)

    Stehbens, James A.


    Studies relating to the more popular explanations of enuresis, are discussed and research relating to each is presented. Evidence supporting, or failing to support, treatment methods is also presented. Research possibilities for the school psychologist are suggested. (Author)

  17. Chemical Physics Summer School

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The Gordon Research Conference (GRC) on Chemical Physics Summer School was held at Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI. Emphasis was placed on current unpublished research and discussion of the future target areas in this field.

  18. Middle School Science Notes. (United States)

    School Science Review, 1984


    Presents (1) suggestions on teaching volume and density in the elementary school; (2) ideas for teaching about floating and sinking; (3) a simple computer program on color addition; and (4) an illustration of Newton's second law of motion. (JN)

  19. NM School District Boundaries (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The dataset represents the boundaries of all public school districts in the state of New Mexico. The source for the data layer is the New Mexico Public Education...

  20. Incest: The School's Role. (United States)

    Riggs, Richard S.


    The responsibilities of school personnel in detecting and dealing with incest are discussed: (1) knowledge about incestuous behavior; (2) observation and detection; (3) reporting and referrals; (4) counseling and followup; and (5) prevention. (FG)

  1. Selective schools select alphabetically

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jurajda, Štěpán; Münich, Daniel


    Roč. 17, č. 3 (2006), s. 22. ISSN 1936-5152 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : selective schools * alphabet ical sorting Subject RIV: AH - Economics

  2. Innovation and STEM Schools (United States)

    Roberts, Julia Link


    How do schools with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fit in with state goals to increase innovation and to boost the economy? This article briefly discusses how educators can encourage creativity and innovation.

  3. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Multimedia


    Members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized by local legislation are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  4. The Netherlands' School Building Prize




    The School Building Prize has been awarded every two years since 1992 to Dutch school boards that have proved able to embrace new directions in school building design while keeping within their available budget. The Prize, which has drawn acclaim for the development of high quality educational architecture in the Netherlands, provides publicity for successful projects so that other schools can benefit from the designs and information. The 1998 School Building Prize was awarded to the British ...

  5. CERN: Accelerator school

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Jyvaskyla, a university town in central Finland, was the setting for last year's General Accelerator School organized by the CERN Accelerator School. Well over a hundred students - more than for some time - followed two weeks of lectures on a broad spectrum of accelerator topics, the first step en route to becoming the designers, builders and operators of the surprisingly large number of, accelerators of all kinds either built or planned throughout Europe and further afield. This was the fifth such school organized by CAS in a biennial cycle which alternates this introductory level with more advanced tuition. The next, advanced, school will be from 20 October - 1 November, hosted by Athens University on the Greek Island of Rhodes. (Application details will become available in Spring but would-be participants should already reserve the dates.) After Finland, the CAS caravan moved to Benalmadena near Malaga in Spain where, together with Seville University, they organized one of the joint US-CERN schools held every two years and focusing on frontier accelerator topics. This time the subject was electron-positron factories - machines for high luminosity experiments in phi, tau-charm, beauty and Z physics. Experts from both sides of the Atlantic and from Japan shared their knowledge with an equally representative audience and probed the many intensity related phenomena which must be mastered to reach design performance. A number of these topics will receive extended coverage in the next specialist CAS School which is a repeat - by public demand - of the highly successful radiofrequency course held in Oxford in 1991. This school will be in Capri, Italy, with the support of the University of Naples from 29 April to 5 May. Details and application forms are now available by e-mail (CASRF@CERNVM.CERN.CH), by fax (+41 22 7824836) or from Suzanne von Wartburg, CERN Accelerator School, 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland





    In a theoretical part of this work I will map on the basis of work with qoalifications literature the problem of inauguaration school attendance. Describ pre-school child from the porspective of development psychology, will mention posibility of adaptions problems.I will also try to quylify the diference between primary and preprimary education, and conception in document of education program. In practical part I will with aid of quality interview to find out, how is the expectation of future...

  7. Why do fish school?


    Larsson, Matz


    Synchronized movements (schooling) emit complex and overlapping sound and pressure curves that might confuse the inner ear and lateral line organ (LLO) of a predator. Moreover, prey-fish moving close to each other may blur the electro-sensory perception of predators. The aim of this review is to explore mechanisms associated with synchronous swimming that may have contributed to increased adaptation and as a consequence may have influenced the evolution of schooling. The evolutionary developm...

  8. Back to School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Osmond


    Full Text Available The Back to School of the title refers to post- school or second chance education in America. Mike Rose’s focus is on adult remedial (sic and occupational education.  However, although he writes about America, it is hard not to read this little book without a constant alternative reading of second chance learning or Technical and Further Education in the Australian context.

  9. The Experimental Art School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania


    The article describes the Experimental Art School from its early beginnings, its development from formal experiments to political action, the question of gender and politics, and the power of the self-organised......The article describes the Experimental Art School from its early beginnings, its development from formal experiments to political action, the question of gender and politics, and the power of the self-organised...

  10. e-Leadership of School Principals: Increasing School Effectiveness by a School Data Management System (United States)

    Blau, Ina; Presser, Ofer


    In recent years, school management systems have become an important tool for effective e-leadership and data-based decision making. School management systems emphasize information flow and e-communication between teachers, students and parents. This study examines e-leadership by secondary-school principals through the Mashov school management…

  11. Do school context, student composition and school leadership affect school practice and outcomes in secondary education?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opdenakker, M.C.; van Damme, J


    This study examined effects of school context, student composition and school leadership on school practice and outcomes in secondary education in Flanders. The study reveals that relations between school characteristics do exist and that it is possible to explain an important part of the difference

  12. School Expenditure and School Performance: Evidence from New South Wales Schools Using a Dynamic Panel Analysis (United States)

    Pugh, G.; Mangan, J.; Blackburn, V.; Radicic, D.


    This article estimates the effects of school expenditure on school performance in government secondary schools in New South Wales, Australia over the period 2006-2010. It uses dynamic panel analysis to exploit time series data on individual schools that only recently has become available. We find a significant but small effect of expenditure on…

  13. Negotiating between Family, Peers and School: Understanding the World of Government School and Private School Students (United States)

    Sucharita, V.


    The present paper, based on an ethnographic study of a government school and a low-cost private school in Andhra Pradesh, India, argues that the students of a government school and a private school have two different worlds and are socialised differently. As children progress from childhood to adolescence, the transition is accompanied by…

  14. Prepared for School Violence: School Counselors' Perceptions of Preparedness for Responding to Acts of School Violence (United States)

    Chambers, Rebecca Anne; Zyromski, Brett; Asner-Self, Kimberly K.; Kimemia, Muthoni


    Analyses of 103 St. Louis metro area school counselors' using the National School Violence Survey (Astor et al., 1997; Astor et al., 2000; Furlong et al., 1996) suggests school counselors' perceptions of school violence and their preparedness to respond to said violence vary by both community setting and years of experience. Discussion frames the…

  15. School Environment and Satisfaction with Schooling among Primary School Pupils in Ondo State, Nigeria (United States)

    Aina, Stephen Ileoye


    Modern school environments put emphasis on adequate and qualitative facilities to promote conducive teaching and learning environments, the deplorable conditions of the primary schools has become worrisome to the state government and education stakeholders. The study investigated the school environment and pupils' satisfaction with schooling in…

  16. Poljane High School students - school library users


    Milena Bon


    The information technology revolution has influenced education greatly. All participants in the educational process should be informed about the latest teaching and information technology on a regular basis, and should prepare and teach the younger generation to use it. An important role in spreading information literacy is played by libraries and librarians in frame of the subject of Library Information Skills tought in schools. The research, as presented in continuation, was performed by me...

  17. School satisfaction among secondary school students: Relations with school achievement and mental health indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovаnović Veljko


    Full Text Available School satisfaction among secondary school students is a neglected research topic in the field of school psychology. The main aim of this research was to examine the relations between school satisfaction, school achievement and indicators of subjective well-being and emotional distress. The research was carried out on a sample of 408 secondary school students, with the mean age 16.6 years. The results of a one-way ANOVA showed that students reporting very high school satisfaction (upper quartile had significantly higher levels of subjective well-being, lower levels of emotional distress and greater school achievement that students with both very low (lower quartile and average (middle 25% school satisfaction. The results of this research suggest that not only school satisfaction is an important aspect of subjective well-being, it can also be used as a valid general measure of adaptive functioning among pupils.

  18. Poljane High School students - school library users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Bon


    Full Text Available The information technology revolution has influenced education greatly. All participants in the educational process should be informed about the latest teaching and information technology on a regular basis, and should prepare and teach the younger generation to use it. An important role in spreading information literacy is played by libraries and librarians in frame of the subject of Library Information Skills tought in schools. The research, as presented in continuation, was performed by means of a questionnaire answered by students of Gimnazija Poljane (Poljane High School. The purpose of the research was to find out how well the students are prepared to use information technology (IT, which types of materials (traditional : up-to-date electronical they tend to use more, how they gather information. The results have shown that boys can handle the information technology better than girls. Boys use electronic sources more frequently, they visit the school library more frequently, more of them searching for information which is not directly related to their lessons. Girls use traditional materials and search for information related to their lessons. However, the majority of students search for library material on their own or with the help of a librarian rather than use information technology.

  19. School withdrawal in Norwegian upper secondary school: the role of students' affective bond to school


    Hole, Torstein Nielsen


    The aim of this project has been to gain insight into subjective student experiences in upper secondary school. The background of the project has been an increased concern for school completion in the Norwegian government's development of education policies. Several studies show that Norwegian school children report relatively high school contentment compared to other countries, yet drop-out rates in upper secondary school have been stable at relatively high rates the last ten years. The even...

  20. School violence in secondary schools : guidelines for the establishment of health promoting schools / Alan Gert Meyer


    Meyer, Alan Gert


    Ten years after the introduction of the new democratic political dispensation in 1994, violence in schools are as rife as before. There has been no significant decrease in school violence during this period. Violence has only increased and become part of people's everyday lives. School violence remains a serious problem for both learners and educators. Various factors contribute to school violence and it has become necessary to determine to what extent school violence influe...

  1. Bridge to school: a play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broström, Stig


    This article deals with the problem on children’s transition from preschool to school. Besides a number of so-called transition activities as for example children visit to school before school start, the author also argues for a practice using boundary objects in order to ease children’s transiti...... to school. However the main message is to break the philosophical discontinuity (educational contradictions) between preschool and school by use of a common learning concept – a play-based learning understanding which both is useful in preschool and school.......This article deals with the problem on children’s transition from preschool to school. Besides a number of so-called transition activities as for example children visit to school before school start, the author also argues for a practice using boundary objects in order to ease children’s transition...

  2. Reforming Preschools and Schools. (United States)

    Duncan, Greg J; Magnuson, Katherine; Murnane, Richard J


    Compared with their higher-income counterparts, children growing up in low-income families in the United States typically complete less schooling, report worse health, and work and earn less in adulthood. Moreover, changes in the American economy over the last 40 years have raised the level of skills and qualifications that children need to obtain a good middle-class job, as well as making it much more difficult for children from low-income families to attend schools that support their learning of these skills. We first review strategies used in the past to improve K-12 schooling-including investing more money, introducing more accountability, and putting in place new governance structures (eg, charter schools)-and show why these strategies have been relatively ineffective. Drawing on the research literature and case studies, we then describe education reform strategies for prekindergarten programs and for elementary, middle, and high schools that may help meet these challenges. All of the initiatives described in our case studies provide ample opportunities for teachers and school leaders to improve their skills through coaching and other professional development activities; incorporate sensible systems of accountability, including requiring teachers to open their classrooms to the scrutiny of colleagues and school leaders and to work with their colleagues to improve their teaching practices; and incorporate high academic standards, such as those described in the Common Core State Standards. By focusing directly on improving teaching and promoting learning, these successful initiatives have boosted the achievement of low-income children. They show that it is indeed possible to make a real difference in the life chances of low-income children. PMID:27044689

  3. CERN@school

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin


    CERN’s educational programmes have inspired large numbers of physics teachers all over Europe to adopt innovative approaches to teaching.  Becky Parker, a former participant in the High School Teachers (HST) programme, has set up the CERN@school project, in which students are using Medipix chips to study cosmic rays. They have recently designed and are building Lucid, a detector that will be launched into space in 2011.   The LUCID detector designed by the Langton school. Take a school with the declared aim of ‘providing learning experiences which are enjoyable, stimulating and challenging and which encourage critical and innovative thinking’. Add to that a motivated teacher who wants to put it into practice and you have the perfect seeds for growing a new generation of young researchers. Becky Parker came to CERN in 2007. She observed how cutting-edge research is done here and decided to export it to her school. However, she didn’t just go back t...

  4. National School of Dismantling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Institut of Nuclear Sciences and Techniques founded of 2001 a National School of Dismantling, NSD, at the end, which was validated by CEA, COGEMA, EDF and ANDRA. This school addresses four major issues: Decontamination; Dismantling; Demolition and waste Disposal (4D). Dedicated for instructing scientific and technical knowledge and know-how, needed in dismantling the nuclear installations, NSD has as targets: - personnel at engineering and operational level; - personnel occupied with involved trades from conception through intervention; - students and employees on leave; - employees while training on the job. Initial basic education for students in collaboration with schools and universities concerns: - master degree in radioactive waste management; - master degree in dismantling; - professional license in 3 D; - pro 4 D graduation. NSD is also engaged in continual formation for employees qualified, or not, adapted to the needs generated by the following tasks and personnel: - introduction in dismantling; - project team; - specialist engineer; - team head; - agent for remedial action; - agent for dismantling. The National School of Dismantling joins a network of human and technological capabilities confined within the 4 D frame, namely: - scientific and technical competencies (experts, instructors working in the nuclear field and dismantling); - pedagogical competence (professionals from basic and continual education); - specific material means such as those used by construction site schools, mock-ups, rooms for practical training etc

  5. Dutch School in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia


    The Dutch School in Geneva organizes Dutch education for children in the primary and secondary school. For the school year 2011-2012 the Dutch School in Geneva is looking for qualified part time teachers Dutch for the primary and secondary school. If you are interested, please send your application and curriculum vitae in Dutch by email to the NTC coordinator, Mrs. Anne Saeys ( More info : De vereniging Nederlandse Taal en Cultuur De Taalfontein, kortweg NTC Genève, is een oudervereniging, die tot doel heeft de Nederlandse taal en de Nederlandse en Vlaamse cultuur in de regio Genève te stimuleren. Dit geschiedt d.m.v. het organiseren van Nederlandse les voor leerlingen zowel in het basisonderwijs als het voortgezet onderwijs. Voor het volgende schooljaar zoekt NTC parttime docenten (M/V) vanaf 2 uur per week, zowel voor het Primair Onderwijs als voor het Voortgezet Onderwijs, met name voor de IB-opleiding. Voor het Primair Onderwijs dienen ge&...

  6. A single-sex school or a mixed school?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shuhang


    Recently , people discuss more about the private schools teaching only girls or only boys . Through an analysis of advantages and disadvantages, the writer thinks that a mixed school is better for girls and boys. It means real, fair, and possible.

  7. School Districts, school, Published in 2003, Daggett County. (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2003. It is described as 'school'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  8. School farming for school feeding: experiences from Nakuru, Kenya


    Dick Foeken; Owuor, Samuel O.; Mwangi, Alice M.


    School feeding is an important development tool and is related to at least three Millennium Development Goals. School farming has been largely overlooked in the urban agriculture literature but with many parents nowadays unable to afford school lunches for their children, it can play a vital role in reducing the costs involved in providing nutritional meals for pupils. This paper examines school farming in an urban setting, namely Nakuru town, Kenya and looks at the current practice, the exte...



    Mediha SARI


    The main purpose of this study was to investigate elementary school students' sense of school belonging. The Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale was administrated to 364 (174 female and 190 male) students, attending sixth-, seventh- and eighth-grade in Adana, Turkey. To analyze the gathered data, descriptive statistics were investigated and, one-way analysis of variance and t-test were performed. The findings indicated that female students had significantly higher sense of school b...

  10. School Grades: Identifying Alberta's Best Schools, an Update


    David Johnson


    This study compares student outcomes at Alberta elementary schools where students come from similar socio-economic backgrounds, thus revealing “good” schools where principals, teachers and staff are making a positive difference in student performance. The study screens out the influence of socio-economic factors on how a school’s students perform on Alberta’s Provincial Achievement Tests for grades 3, 6 and 9. This identifies those schools that perform better or worse than other schools with ...

  11. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance


    Shephard Roy J.; Trudeau François


    Abstract Background The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. Methods Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently available literature, including a comprehensive search of MEDLINE ...

  12. School internment and physical education in vocational schools


    Gaillard, Joël


    School failure is a process where a student slips further and further behind his peers and gradually disconnects from the educational system. The end result of school failure is dropping out before graduation. Dropping out of school is therefore not an isolated phenomenon of learning failure. It is, like social exclusion, related to a multitude of social, health, family and financial factors. Although school failure is only one consideration in a larger “domino effect” of social deprivation, ...

  13. Beamline for schools

    CERN Multimedia


    This video is about BL4S Snapshot 22 Sep 2015 12:02:47From 10–20 September, winners of the Beamline for Schools competition visited CERN to perform their experiments. Two teams of high-school students – “Accelerating Africa” from South Africa and “Leo4G” from Italy – were chosen from a total of 119 teams, adding up to 1050 high-school students. “When we were told we’d won we never believed it. People’s parents thought we were lying,” says Michael Copeland from Accelerating Africa. The two teams shared a fully equipped accelerator beamline and conducted their experiment just like other researchers at CERN.

  14. Too cool for school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinecke Hansen, Kenneth; Blom, Jonas Nygaard; Jønch-Clausen, Heidi


    following the Danish school reform in 2013. The reform introduced a longer average school day – in fact, by far the longest in OECD – with more ‘activities’ and less homework, and exchanged the concept of knowledge with the more instrumental proficiency in the curricula. Based on the textual analysis, we...... suggests that they are in fact ‘displacing’ the boys, even from traditionally male-dominated disciplines (Dansk Erhverv, 2014). Combining quantitative and qualitative discourse analysis of a large text corpus (Bednarek, 2012) with in-depth news framing analysis (Entman, 1993), our study examines the...... societal attitudes towards female high achievers in the Danish educational system as they are conveyed in media frames. In our preliminary analysis of news media texts, female high achievers collocate with silent girls, diligent girls and more broadly with the alleged feminized school (cf. Bourdieu, 1999...

  15. CAS School in Germany

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School

    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS), the Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research GmbH (GSI) and the Technische Universität Darmstadt (TU Darmstadt) jointly organised a course on General Accelerator Physics, at intermediate level, at TU Darmstadt from 27 September to 9 October 2009.   Participants in the CERN Accelerator School in Darmstadt, Germany. The Intermediate-level course followed established practice, with lectures on core topics in the mornings and specialised courses in the afternoons. The latter provided "hands-on" education and experience in the three selected topics: "RF Measurement Techniques", "Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics" and "Optics Design and Correction". These proved to be highly successful, with participants choosing one course and following the topic throughout the school. Guided studies, tutorials, seminars and a poster session completed the programme. A visit to GSI and the F...

  16. The Danish school reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Ann; Mølholm, Martin; Horsbøl, Anders

    The paper presents a methodological framework for the study of the discursive emergence of the recent Danish School reform (2014). The framework will enable discourse scholars to hold an actively involved position in changing and furthering plurivocal processes of translations, negotiations...... and implementation of the reform. The framework is operationalized through research-based participatory collaborative processes involving local actors in two Danish public schools. It interlinks diverse discourse strategies and perceptive distances that traditionally belong to separate branches within discourse...... (Latour), e.g. civil service and municipal practices and texts, into the organizational practices of two local schools. On the basis of these analyses, we will establish a participatory process in which local actors are involved in the co-creation of new plurivocal and egalitarian dialogue designs...

  17. Home-School Relationships: A School Management Perspective (United States)

    Stringer, Patricia; Hourani, Rida Blaik


    Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) is in the process of initiating major education reform designed to improve schools. Parental involvement in support of student learning ranks high on the reform agenda. This study explores managerial aspects of implementing home-school relationships in seven primary Public Private Partnership (PPP) schools in…

  18. School Size as a Factor in Elementary School Achievement. (United States)

    Alspaugh, John W.; Gao, Rui

    The relationship between elementary school enrollment and fifth-grade achievement was explored using data from a large urban Missouri school district. The district's 39 elementary schools received uniform allocations of resources from the district and used the same instructional materials but varied considerably in K-5 enrollment, socioeconomic…

  19. Safe Routes to School at Maybury Elementary School in Detroit (United States)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2012


    In 2005, Congress passed legislation establishing the Safe Routes to School Program (SRTS). Since then, nearly all states and the District of Columbia have announced local or statewide SRTS activities, and thousands of schools have participated in the program. SRTS enables and encourages children to walk and bike to school by helping communities…

  20. Managing Food Allergies at School: School Nutrition Professionals

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    This podcast highlights the role of school nutrition professionals in the management of food allergies in schools. It also identifies CDC food allergy resources for schools.  Created: 1/13/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/13/2015.

  1. Changing School Board Governance in Primary Education through School Inspections (United States)

    Ehren, Melanie C. M.; Honingh, M. E.; Hooge, E. H.; O'Hara, J.


    This paper addresses if, and to what extent, the current working methods of the Dutch Inspectorate of Education affect the governance of school boards in schools for primary education. A key facet of the working method is the inspection meeting with the school board. Drawing upon a large quantitative study (n = 244) we are able to identify some…

  2. Toward a Knowledge Base for School Climate in Cyprus's Schools (United States)

    Pashiardis, Georgia


    Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to explore and analyze secondary school students' (8th grade) perceptions about school climate in three areas, namely: the physical environment of the school, the social environment and the learning environment Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire, which was designed and pilot-tested around the…

  3. Using School Performance Feedback: Perceptions of Primary School Principals (United States)

    Verhaeghe, Goedele; Vanhoof, Jan; Valcke, Martin; Van Petegem, Peter


    The present study focuses on the perception of primary school principals of school performance feedback (SPF) and of the actual use of this information. This study is part of a larger project which aims to develop a new school performance feedback system (SPFS). The study builds on an eclectic framework that integrates the literature on SPFSs.…

  4. School Life That Matters: Building Circle of Courage Schools (United States)

    Van Bockern, Steve


    In the frenzy to spike test scores that track a standardized curriculum, the central question of what students actually need is ignored. What are the bona fide "essentials" in schools that enable children to learn and thrive? A school life that matters can be found in a school where children and adults are encouraged to pursue their…

  5. Professional Development Schools: New Opportunities for Training School Counselors. (United States)

    Clark, Mary Ann; Horton-Parker, Radha


    Examines how counselor educators can become involved in professional development schools to create enhanced training opportunities for school counseling internship students. The benefits of collaboration between university and public school facilities are explored, and research opportunities are discussed. (Contains 38 references.) (GCP)

  6. School Dropout Indicators, Trends, and Interventions for School Counselors (United States)

    Dockery, Donna J.


    School counselors are expected to develop programs that promote academic success for all students, including those at risk for dropping out of school. Knowledge of key indicators of potential dropouts and current trends in dropout prevention research may assist school counselors in better understanding this complex issue. Implementing recommended…

  7. Charter Schools: Lessons in School Reform. Topics in Educational Leadership. (United States)

    Brouillette, Liane

    This book investigates the strengths and limitations of charter schools as an approach to reform by focusing on the day-to-day reality of students, teachers, administrators, and parents involved. Detailed case studies of seven schools are included. Seymour Sarason's work on the creation of settings provides the lens through which these schools are…

  8. Prioritizing the School Environment in School Violence Prevention Efforts (United States)

    Johnson, Sarah Lindstrom; Burke, Jessica G.; Gielen, Andrea C.


    Background: Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between characteristics of the school environment and the likelihood of school violence. However, little is known about the relative importance of various characteristics of the school environment or their differential impact on multiple violence outcomes. Methods: Primarily…

  9. Catalyst Schools: The Catholic Ethos and Public Charter Schools (United States)

    Proehl, Rebecca A.; Starnes, Heather; Everett, Shirley


    During the past decade, Catholic leaders have been exploring options to revitalize the faltering Catholic school system especially in urban centers. One route being explored by dioceses and religious orders is opening what have been called "religious charter schools." Though not technically religious schools, they integrate many of the…

  10. Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling (United States)

    O'Connell, William P.


    The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

  11. Changing school board governance in primary education through school inspections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ehren, M.C.M.; Honingh, M.E.; Hooge, M.E.; O'Hara, J.


    This paper addresses if, and to what extent, the current working methods of the Dutch Inspectorate of Education affect the governance of school boards in schools for primary education. A key facet of the working method is the inspection meeting with the school board. Drawing upon a large quantitativ

  12. Hazing in Public Schools: A Liability Challenge for School Leaders (United States)

    Essex, Nathan L.


    Hazing in public schools is a significant problem that may result in serious physical or emotional harm to students who are victims. According to experts in the field, each year more than 1,500,000 American students become new hazing victims. Hazing also results in legal challenges for school personnel. The courts consider public schools to be…

  13. School Bullying: Why Quick Fixes Do Not Prevent School Failure (United States)

    Casebeer, Cindy M.


    School bullying is a serious problem. It is associated with negative effects for bullies, targets, and bystanders. Bullying is related to school shootings, student suicides, and poor academic outcomes. Yet, this issue cannot be solved by way of simple, one-size-fits-all solutions. Instead, school bullying is a complex, systemic issue that requires…

  14. A Death at School: What School Leaders Should Do (United States)

    Garran, Christopher


    All school leaders at some point will find themselves confronted by the need to shepherd their school communities through emotionally draining experiences. Death requires school leaders to act with compassion, care, and awareness that they are modeling for young people how to grieve. Few better examples of servant leadership exist. Communication…

  15. Managing Food Allergies at School: School Mental Health Professionals

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    This podcast highlights the role of school mental health professionals in the management of food allergies in schools. It also identifies CDC food allergy resources for schools.  Created: 1/20/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/20/2015.

  16. Perceptions about Forest Schools: Encouraging and Promoting Archimedes Forest Schools (United States)

    Nawaz, Haq; Blackwell, Sarah


    The aim of this study was to find out parents' and children's perception of outdoor learning programmes with specific reference to Archimedes Forest Schools, known as Forest Schools. A review of existing research showed that there had been no rigorous evaluation of perception of forest schools. The study was conducted in the UK and mixed…

  17. Testing the Causal Links between School Climate, School Violence, and School Academic Performance: A Cross-Lagged Panel Autoregressive Model (United States)

    Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi; Roziner, Ilan; Wrabel, Stephani L.


    The present study explores the causal link between school climate, school violence, and a school's general academic performance over time using a school-level, cross-lagged panel autoregressive modeling design. We hypothesized that reductions in school violence and climate improvement would lead to schools' overall improved academic performance.…

  18. Communities, Students, Schools, and School Crime: A Confirmatory Study of Crime in U.S. High Schools (United States)

    Chen, Greg


    This study investigates how community characteristics, student background, school climate, and zero-tolerance policies interact to affect school crime. The study articulates and fits a school crime model to 712 high schools participating in the 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety, confirming that school location and student socioeconomic status…

  19. School Bullying Raises Concern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Since March, Chinese media have exposed 26 cases of school bullying across the country, from first-tier cities like Beijing and Shanghai to underdeveloped regions in southwest China's Yunnan Province. Bullying often occurs in toilets and dormitories or on the way to and from school. The bullies and the bullied have salient personality characteristics. The former are mostly strong and mature, while the latter are physically weaker and less mature than their peers. Schoolchildren who tend to fall victim to bully- ing often lack self-confidence and basic social skills.

  20. School Assemblies: The Lost Art. (United States)

    Beach, Daniel R.


    Guidelines and suggestions are offered for successful school assemblies. The school assembly should be a positive event; an occasion for developing unity, group loyalty, and desirable audience habits. (Author/MLF)

  1. Emotional Intelligence in School Administrators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available One of the variables that affects success in business life is emotional intelligence of working people. The purpose of this research is to identify whether the school administrators’ emotional intelligence scores differ meaningfully according to their gender, marital status, branch, being a principal or assistant principal, being elementary school administrator or high school administrator, having manegerial education course or not, educational background, period of occupational service, age, length of administration service, number of children. 180 administrators working as a principals and vise principals who worked in 2005 in Düzce elementary schools and high schools were surveyed in line with this aim. Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal Wallis test and ANOVA were used in order to find out groups that differ from others. It has been found that school administrators’ emotional intelligence scores differ meaningfully in terms of administrators’ branch and being elementary school administrator or high school.

  2. Exercising and asthma at school (United States)

    ... part in recess, physical education (PE), and after-school sports is important for all children. And children with asthma should not have to sit on the side lines. School staff and coaches should know your child's asthma ...

  3. Outdoor schools: Limits and dilemmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Smetáčková


    Full Text Available Outdoor school is a stable element of Czech educational system. However,many changes have occurred during the last twenty years in the purposes of outdoorschools and in their organization. The article presents various school statistics andresults of research which included questionnaire survey in elementary schools in Pragueand a case study of two classes. The study found that the outdoor school programmesare getting shorter, budgets for outdoor schools are reduced, and prices of outdoorschool programmes for parents are increasing. Because of high prices, almost 20 % ofpupils cannot attend outdoor schools. Nevertheless, according to teachers, pupils andparents, the main purpose of outdoor school programmes is to create a better socialclimate in peer groups. Because of high rates of absence, this goal is partly invalid.Another purpose should be that teachers and children get to know each other better.This goal is invalid as well because many schools hire commercial agencies which limitsthe time that pupils and teachers spend together.

  4. Neighborhood Schools and Racial Segregation (United States)

    Kelleher, Daniel T.


    Neighborhood school concept and racially segregated residential patterns account for most of the segregation in American public schools today. The focus of this article will be to explain the reasons for residential segregation. (Author/RK)

  5. School Desegregation and Residential Segregation. (United States)

    Billingsley, Andrew; And Others


    This statement on school and residential segregation, signed by 38 educators and social scientists, was prepared for attorneys connected with litigation concerning the Dayton and Columbus school systems. (RLV)

  6. School Salaries, 1985-86. (United States)

    Robinson, Glen E.; Brown, Melinda


    Provides information from the National Survey of Salaries and Wages in Public Schools on the salaries and fringe benefits of elementary and middle school principals and administrators. Includes seven tables and a series of charts. (MD)

  7. Olive School, Arlington Heights, Illinois (United States)

    Rausch, Kathy


    Article stressed the need for a music teacher in an open school to have an openness to people and ideas. It also described the educational objectives at the Olive School in Arlington Heights, Illinois. (Author/RK)

  8. School Refusal: Clinical Features, Diagnosis and Treatment


    Kayhan Bahali; Aysegul Yolga Tahiroglu


    Children regularly and voluntarily go to school in order to fulfill the expectations of society from them to continue their education or schooling. School continuation has been made compulsory by laws. Nonetheless, contrary to popular belief, for some children it is distressing to go to school. These children have difficulty continuing school and/or refuse to go to school. Today school refusal is defined as a child’s inability to continue school for reasons, such as anxiety and depression. Th...

  9. Developing Moral Capital in Schools


    Çelik, Vehbi; Mevlana Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Bölümü


    An abundance of models and approaches have been formed to develop school effectiveness. Schools have been analyzed with respect to psychological, sociological, cultural and administrative dimensions. Social and cultural capitals- as the recently developed nonmonetary forms of capital-have been investigated with respect to school organizations. Nonetheless so far there has been no in-depth research on moral capital in schools as an original concept. In the present research, the concept of mora...

  10. School attendance and parental disability


    Raccanello, Kristiano; Garñudo Estrada, León; Herrera Escalante, Andrea; Uribe Cruz, Gabriel


    Socio economic problems exacerbate school drop-out that harms youths by limiting their knowledge and future development. Scholars have investigated both the variables linked to school attendance and the problems faced by impaired children. However, it has not yet been considered whether school attendance is harmed when parents are impaired. In order to partially fill this gap, we test the hypothesis that parental disability increases school drop-out through a sample of 598 youths between 14 a...

  11. Business School corporate brand identities


    Syed Alwi, SF; CheHa, N; Yen, D.


    The escalation in the number of business schools in Malaysia has created a competitive pressure to attract the best students and lecturers from both the national and international arenas. These business schools have, and, are developing competitive marketing strategies to augment their brand images in terms of university rankings as well as be seen as the top business school in the country. However, little is known to understand how these business schools position their brand images in order ...

  12. School sport and academic achievement


    Bradley, John L.; Keane, Francis; Crawford, Susan


    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Physical Education and School Sport (PESS) is an integral part of the school curriculum in Ireland. Historically the Healthy Body, Healthy Mind philosophy has promoted the inclusion of PESS alongside more cognitive school subjects and research suggests that PESS can promote cognitive function and provide educational benefits. However there is little research on how the choice of school sport influences academic achievement. This case study aims to investigate how partic...

  13. School Health and Nutrition Programs


    Nurcan Yabanci


    Schools play an effective role for adopt and maintain healthy eating and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. Schools are an important part of national efforts to prevent chronic diseases such as childhood obesity, coronary heart diseases, diabetes and cancer. Nutrition programs in schools can help children and adolescents participate in full educational potential; improve academic performance and health quality. To ensure a healthy future for our children, school-based nu...

  14. Graduate School and Fellowship Discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, Charles Reed [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)


    This was a presentation presented for the Los Alamos Dynamics Summer School. This is a set of slides about how to prepare for college, specifically graduate school. It gives instructions for succeeding and getting into a good school with financial aid through assistantships and scholarships, specifically applying to engineering backgrounds. Also, there are tips given for applying for fellowships and concludes with some general recommendations for graduate school.

  15. Does Pollution Increase School Absences?


    Janet Currie; Eric Hanushek; E. Megan Kahn; Matthew Neidell; Steven Rivkin


    We examine the effect of air pollution on school absences using unique administrative data for elementary and middle school children in the 39 largest school districts in Texas. These data are merged with information from monitors maintained by the Environmental Protection Agency. To control for potentially confounding factors, we adopt a difference-in-difference-in differences strategy, and control for persistent characteristics of schools, years, and attendance periods in order to focus on ...

  16. School-Based Violence Prevention


    Erik Alda


    School is one of the most important socializing environments for children, since it is where they spend a great deal of time interacting with teachers and peers. However, the persistent spillover of community socioeconomic conditions and violence means that schools and their surroundings are no longer protected places, but share in the day-to-day violence of the urban space. As a result, school violence has increased correspondingly. Although students may handle situations at school through v...

  17. Humour and Leadership at School


    Adão, Teresa; Oliveira, Ana Maria de


    Humour and Leadership at School This study establishes a relationship between the capacity of humour appreciation and the way leadership is held at school. The individual leadership characteristics of some school leaders have been compared with their sense of humour and although the results haven’t been very conclusive, there is a strong tendency, showing that school headmasters who are true leaders reveal a good sense of humour. In methodological terms, this study was organized in two p...

  18. Achievement in Boys' Schools 2010-12 (United States)

    Wylie, Cathy; Berg, Melanie


    This report explores the achievement of school leavers from state and state-integrated boys' schools. The analysis from 2010 to 2012 shows school leavers from state boys' schools had higher qualifications than their male counterparts who attended state co-educational schools. The research was carried out for the Association of Boys' Schools of New…

  19. School Cultures, Teachers, and Technology Transformation (United States)

    Kitchenham, Andrew D.


    This article outlines a recent study on school culture and technology adoption. Adapting Hargreaves' (2003) model of school cultures, research findings are presented on three schools involved in a study on teacher transformation using educational technology to explain how each school represents a separate school culture and school regime. Each…

  20. Bullying Prevention in Schools. Position Statement (United States)

    DeSisto, Marie C.; Smith, Suzanne


    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that the registered professional school nurse (hereinafter referred to as school nurse) is a crucial member of the team participating in the prevention of bullying in schools. School nurses are the experts in pediatric health in schools and, therefore, can have an impact on the…

  1. A Virtual Tour of Virtual Schools. (United States)

    Joiner, Lottie L.


    Briefly describes the eight virtual schools in the United States: Kentucky Virtual High School; Illinois Virtual High School; Florida Virtual School; CCS Web Academy in Fayetteville, North Carolina; The Virtual High School in Hudson, Massachusetts; Basehor-Linwood Virtual Charter School in Kansas; Monte Vista Online Academy in Colorado; and…

  2. Magnet Schools, Innate Talent and Social Justice (United States)

    Vopat, Mark C.


    Beginning in the 1970s, many school US school districts reallocated their already scarce resources from local schools to specially created magnet schools. Many of these magnet schools have some sort of entrance exam, portfolio, or audition requirement that students must pass in order to gain admission. These selective magnet schools are predicated…

  3. School Grading and Institutional Contexts (United States)

    Dardanoni, Valentino; Modica, Salvatore; Pennisi, Aline


    We study how the relationship between students' cognitive ability and their school grades depends on institutional contexts. In a simple abstract model, we show that unless competence standards are set at above-school level or the variation of competence across schools is low, students' competence valuation will be heterogeneous, with weaker…

  4. Charter School Contracts. Policy Guide (United States)

    Cass, Rebecca


    The charter school concept was first introduced in 1991 when the Minnesota Legislature passed the nation's first charter school law. As of this writing in 2009, 40 states and the District of Columbia have charter school legislation. While the specific characteristics and nuances of these laws vary from state to state, almost every state law…

  5. Downsizing our Schools Corporate Style? (United States)

    Burton, Gary


    In this article, the author offers his views on downsizing the public schools in the US. To be efficient, American industries are redesigning themselves to stay competitive. Likewise, America's public schools are being prompted to do the same. The author contends that downsizing public schools may only cause adverse impact. Since education is…

  6. Organizational Learning in Primary Schools (United States)

    Tas, Ali


    The purpose of this study is to make suggestions for primary schools to become organizational learning environments, by searching the relationship between the characteristics and behaviors of school administrators and the formation of an organizational learning environment in primary schools. The author used a survey model in this research and…

  7. School Uniforms: Esprit de Corps. (United States)

    Ryan, Rosemary P.; Ryan, Thomas E.


    The benefits of school uniforms far outweigh their short-term costs. School uniforms not only keep students safe, but they increase their self-esteem, promote a more positive attitude toward school, lead to improved student behavior, and help blur social-class distinctions. Students are allowed to wear their own political or religious messages,…

  8. Should School Nurses Wear Uniforms? (United States)

    Journal of School Health, 2001


    This 1958 paper questions whether school nurses should wear uniforms (specifically, white uniforms). It concludes that white uniforms are often associated with the treatment of ill people, and since many people have a fear reaction to them, they are not necessary and are even undesirable. Since school nurses are school staff members, they should…

  9. Christian School Leaders and Spirituality (United States)

    Banke, Susan; Maldonado, Nancy; Lacey, Candace H.


    This phenomenological study examined the spiritual experiences of Christian school leaders who are the spiritual leaders of their schools. A purposeful, nominated sample of 12 Christian school leaders was selected. In-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted, audio taped, and then transcribed verbatim. Data analysis was based on Rudestam and…

  10. Physical Assault of School Personnel (United States)

    Kajs, Lawrence T.; Schumacher, Gary; Vital, Cheryl A.


    Physical assault against school personnel is a serious problem, although not highly publicized. This workplace violence can result in debilitating injury to school employees along with major monetary costs. This article looks at legal issues that address physical assault against school personnel as well as the roles professional associations have…

  11. Parental Involvement in Norwegian Schools (United States)

    Paulsen, Jan Merok


    This article examines findings on key challenges of school-parent relations in Norway. The review is based on recent large-scale studies on several issues, including formalized school-parent cooperation, parental involvement in the pedagogical discourse, and teacher perspectives on the parents' role in the school community. Findings suggest a…

  12. Teacher Evaluation and School Culture (United States)

    Mack, Dyann Renee


    Teacher evaluation and school culture have been identified as powerful shaping forces in the quality of education. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study, based on a constructivist theoretical framework, was to determine the relationship between teacher evaluation and school culture in a suburban school in the northeastern part of…

  13. The Anatomy of School Violence. (United States)

    Canady, Linda

    To stop violence, school professionals should apply both reactive and proactive methods. Schools that focus on the psychological and sociological causes of youth violence have greater chances of success. This document presents the different aspects of school violence in order to bring about a better understanding of the violence and in turn…

  14. School Vouchers: Examining the Evidence. (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin

    This study reviews recent empirical research on the effect of school vouchers on student achievement (particularly for low-income minorities attending private schools) and the effect of the threat of vouchers on low-performing public schools. The study examines the Milwaukee voucher experiment, the Cleveland voucher program, and new voucher…

  15. School Violence and the News (United States)

    ... 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy School Violence and the News KidsHealth > For Parents > School Violence and the News Print A A A Text ... la escuela y las noticias Incidents of school violence are terrible and frightening, but fortunately they are ...

  16. Measuring Inequity in School Funding (United States)

    Epstein, Diana


    Low-income children tend to be concentrated in low-income school districts, and these children often attend schools that receive far fewer resources per pupil despite their greater need. Since education is primarily a state responsibility, more than 90 percent of school funding comes from state and local sources, and the federal government…

  17. Accountability Issues in School Violence. (United States)

    Al-Bataineh, Adel T.

    This paper examines various reasons that would account for school violence and considers ways educators can help eliminate violence from schools. The negative impact of violence in the media and easy access to guns are mentioned as probable causes of violence in youth. Students who do not feel part of the school community often resort to violence…

  18. Why Green Clean Our Schools? (United States)

    Brown, Margot; Grevatt, Peter; Merse, Cynthia


    Healthy school environments are essential to ensure the best setting for learning. When school environments are unhealthy, students and staff may be exposed to harmful pollutants and chemicals that can cause their health, attendance, and scholastic performance to suffer. Among the factors that can affect the environmental quality of school indoor…

  19. School Liability for Student Suicides. (United States)

    Bjorklun, Eugene C.


    Schools and school personnel have moral and ethical responsibilities to take reasonable action to prevent suicides by students. Liability could be imposed if school personnel had knowledge of a student's suicidal intent and failed to take action based on that knowledge. (75 footnotes) (MLF)

  20. Students "Hacking" School Computer Systems (United States)

    Stover, Del


    This article deals with students hacking school computer systems. School districts are getting tough with students "hacking" into school computers to change grades, poke through files, or just pit their high-tech skills against district security. Dozens of students have been prosecuted recently under state laws on identity theft and unauthorized…

  1. Marketing School Music: It's Elementary. (United States)

    Anderson, Jill Kuespert


    Explores methods of promoting elementary school music programs. Suggests inviting visitors to the class as a means of increasing awareness of school music. Recommends sending press releases to school newsletters and local newspapers. Reminds teachers to make use of educational access channels on area cable television systems. (SG)

  2. Leadership Practices of School Counselors (United States)

    Mason, E. C. M.; McMahon, H. George


    Leadership is a vital skill called for by the school counseling profession. However, limited research has been done to examine how leadership is characterized by practicing school counselors. The purpose of the exploratory study in this article was to assess leadership practices of school counselors, and to analyze the relationships among…

  3. High Achievement in Rural Schools. (United States)

    O'Connell, Carleen; Hagans, Rex

    Although much that is written about rural schools focuses on economic scarcities, pressures on teachers, and limited materials, there are also distinct advantages offered to those attending school in rural areas. Small schools provide all children--including the gifted--with unique opportunities to develop intellectual, social, and creative…

  4. Marketing Handbook for Independent Schools. (United States)

    Boarding Schools, Boston, MA.

    This publication is a resource to help independent schools attract more familites to their institutions and to increase the voluntary support by the larger community surrounding the school. The first chapter attempts to dispel misconceptions, define pertinent marketing terms, and relate their importance to independent schools. The rest of the book…

  5. Marketing Techniques for School Districts. (United States)

    Lane, John J., Ed.

    Development of marketing plans can assist not only public school districts in meeting recent competition but will also improve educational processes, increase revenue, and restore confidence in schools. This collection of articles describes a new role for school administrators--particulary for business managers: administrators as "entrepreneurs."…

  6. On School Educational Technology Leadership (United States)

    Davies, Patricia M.


    This analysis of the literatures on school educational technology leadership addresses definitions of school technology leaders and leadership, their role in educational change, and why schools are now changing as a result of 21st century advancements in technology. The literatures disagree over the definition of educational technology leadership.…

  7. Charter Schooling and Democratic Justice (United States)

    Abowitz, Kathleen Knight; Karaba, Robert


    As the mixed achievements of charter schools come under more intense political inspection, the conceptual underpinnings of current charter school reform remain largely unexamined. This article focuses on one moral-political concept centrally related to school reform and policy, the concept of justice. Using examples from the state of Ohio, the…

  8. Program Accounting for Indiana Schools. (United States)

    Copeland, Jack; Costerison, Dennis

    This booklet outlines the conversion of the Western Wayne (Indiana) Schools from a traditional school accounting and budgeting system to a program accounting and budgeting system. The Western Wayne Schools became the first district to adopt Indiana's new program accounting and budgeting system in 1975. The Indiana approach to program accounting is…

  9. ABCs of Asbestos in Schools. (United States)

    Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

    Information about asbestos in the schools is provided in this pamphlet. The document describes the nature and dangers of asbestos and the passage of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act in 1986. The responsibilities of school boards and other school officials to protect students and employees from asbestos exposure are explained as well as…

  10. Measuring Entrepreneurship in Business Schools (United States)

    Hazeldine, Mary; Miles, Morgan


    The recent positions of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) and the European Foundation for Management Developments (EQUIS) on the value of entrepreneurship suggest a more entrepreneurial perspective in a business school's culture and strategic processes for obtaining and sustaining a business school's reputation. The…

  11. 3rd IDPASC School

    CERN Document Server

    Lectures on particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology


    This volume gathers the content of the courses held at the Third IDPASC School, which took place in San Martiño Pinario, Hospederia and Seminario Maior, in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galiza, Spain, from January 21st to February 2nd, 2013. This school is the annual joint program of the International Doctorate Network in Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology (IDPASC).   The purpose of the school series is to present doctoral students from different universities and laboratories in Europe and beyond with a broad range of the latest results and current state of the art in the fields of Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology, and to further introduce them to both the questions now posed by the potentials of physics and to challenges connected with current and future experiments – in particular, with the newly available energy ranges.   Following these guidelines, the content of this third edition of the IDPASC School was jointly planned by the Academic Council and by the network’s In...

  12. School Music Goes Home (United States)

    Kenney, Susan Hobson


    This article explores ways for music teachers to influence music making in the home. Often preschool music programs include parents in the music education process, but when children enter school, the parent connection is not usually continued with the same intensity. This article will serve as a catalyst for further conversations on ways to…


    American Association of School Administrators, Washington, DC.


  14. Teaching Astronomy in Schools (United States)

    Agar Beet, Ernest


    Preface; Preface to the second edition; Introduction. Teaching astronomy in the past: the case against teaching it; Addenda; 1. Why, when, and how?; 2. In the classroom; 3. In the open air; 4. The school telescope; 5. Teaching aids; Bibliography; Index.

  15. Managing Public School Dollars. (United States)

    American Inst. of Certified Public Accountants, New York, NY.

    Although this booklet focuses on methods of accumulating and analyzing management and the financial and statistical data helpful to members of school boards, equal emphasis is placed on meeting the needs of the pupil--making him more self confident, developing his skills, instilling knowledge, and inspiring creativity. It considers changes in the…

  16. School Security and Safety. (United States)

    Licht, Kenneth F.

    The author contends that safety and accident prevention should be given primary consideration in a school system's risk management program. He argues that accidents and losses are symptoms of defects in the management system. Two classes of loss discussed are (1) accidental -- injury/loss resulting from unintended events; and (2) purposeful --…

  17. School libraries Pathfinders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shideh Taleban


    Full Text Available School library represents one of the important locations suited for offering reference services. The skill set necessary in order to use information resources, is called information literacy. When discussing information literacy and means of enhancing it, the first thing that comes to mind is the classroom for it is in schools that the foundation for learning skills is laid. Pathfinders have been used by libraries and librarians for guiding patrons to the required sources and answering their research questions since 1970’s. It is far different from a bibliography in as much as it does not necessarily include a complete list of available resources on a given topic. Nevertheless it provides sufficient basic resources for research for the patrons. Nowadays pathfinders are prepared by teacher-librarian or with the help of teachers at school so as to assist students in searching their prescribed assignments. The present paper offers definition of pathfinder, creation of pathfinders in schools, type of pathfinders, pathfinders characteristics, pathfinder elements as well as how to design pathfinders for children and teenagers.

  18. Yoga in Public Schools (United States)

    Williamson, Lisa Ann


    Classroom management has always been a challenge for most teachers. But what if student concentration could be augmented with several calming breaths and a chance to stretch desk-cramped young bodies? That is the question a growing number of schools are exploring by introducing yoga classes and practices into their buildings. And a limited--but…

  19. Health Problems at School (United States)

    ... of a lack of health-care providers, an absence of insurance, or transportation problems. The American Academy of Pediatrics believes that all children deserve a "medical home" and supports the implementation of school-based clinics, especially in areas where children do ...

  20. Accelerator School Success

    CERN Multimedia


    Accelerator specialists don't grow on trees: training them is the job of the CERN Accelerator School (CAS). Group photo during visit to the Daresbury Laboratory. CAS and the CCLRC Daresbury Laboratory jointly organised a specialised school on Power Converters in Warrington, England from 12-18 May 2004. The last CAS Power Converter course was in 1990, so there was plenty of ground to cover. The challenging programme proposed a review of the state of the art and the latest developments in the field, including 30 hours of tuition. The school also included a visit to the CCLRC Daresbury laboratory, a one-day excursion to Liverpool and Chester and a themed (Welsh medieval) dinner at the school's closure. A record attendance of 91 students of more than 20 different nationalities included not only participants from Europe and North America but also from Armenia, Taiwan, India, Turkey, Iran and for the first time, fee-paying students from China and Australia. European industry showed a welcome and solid interest in...

  1. School nutrition survey.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Connor, M


    Food we eat has an important influence on health and well-being. Many eating habits are established in childhood. 456 children aged eight to 12 years participated in this survey of food eaten at school. Of all the food items eaten as a snack, 48.6% were categorised as junk. 75.8% of the sandwiches brought to school for lunch were made with white bread. Of the remaining food items brought for lunch 63.5% were of the junk variety. Compared with those who brought a snack or lunch from home, those given money to buy their own were more likely to eat junk (p < 0.01). Food eaten at school reflects approximately one third of a child\\'s daily food intake but health food practises for even a third of food intake may be of a value for health and long term eating habits. Nutritional education with the reinforcement of high nutritional standards in schools could improve the situation.

  2. Jamaica School Finance


    World Bank


    Although the availability of financial resources does not guarantee quality education, it is impossible to achieve this goal without adequate resources which often come from public sources. Understanding how to use resources for education wisely should thus be a top priority for education policymakers. Systems approach for better education results (SABER) school finance informs this conver...

  3. Building a Gentler School. (United States)

    Dill, Vicky Schreiber; Haberman, Martin


    For students steeped in the culture of violence, classrooms may offer one last chance to experience more constructive ways of relating. Schools must help these students find new identities and increase their capacity for moral reasoning. Authoritarian responses overpower students while failing to relieve their fear, distrust, or physical pain.…

  4. The CERN Accelerator School

    CERN Multimedia


    Introduction to accelerator physics The CERN Accelerator School: Introduction to Accelerator Physics, which should have taken place in Istanbul, Turkey, later this year has now been relocated to Budapest, Hungary.  Further details regarding the new hotel and dates will be made available as soon as possible on a new Indico site at the end of May.

  5. Playing the School Game (United States)

    Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula


    In this article, the author discusses the meaning and importance of high grades and high achievement in terms of giftedness. She offers some reasons to tell children about the importance of school achievement. She suggests that good grades are no guarantee of eventual adult success, whether that is defined as a high income or a rewarding,…

  6. Elementary School Principal Effectiveness. (United States)

    Cross, Ray

    A review of research linking elementary principal "antecedents" (defined as traits), behaviors, school conditions, and student outcomes furnishes few supportable generalizations. The studies relating principal antecedents with behavior and principal antecedents with organizational variables reveals that the trait theory of leadership has fared…

  7. Landscape Designs for Schools. (United States)

    Taylor, Patricia

    This annotated bibliography includes summaries of 15 books and articles dealing with the topic of school landscape design, as well as a brief introduction that comments on recent trends in the field. Most of the publications cited are fairly recent; about two-thirds of them were published after 1970. Annotations range from approximately 125 to 250…

  8. School Solutions for Cyberbullying (United States)

    Sutton, Susan


    This article offers solutions and steps to prevent cyberbullying. Schools can improve their ability to handle cyberbullying by educating staff members, students, and parents and by implementing rules and procedures for how to handle possible incidents. Among the steps is to include a section about cyberbullying and expectations in the student…

  9. Fighting Fraud in Schools (United States)

    Dessoff, Alan


    It's no surprise that school districts are as vulnerable to fraud as the private sector or any other segment of government. Crimes in districts include collusion with outside vendors who provide kickbacks to employees, misuse of district-issued credit cards, embezzlement of district funds, and theft of district property. "Fraud happens…

  10. School and Teenage Suicide. (United States)

    Duraj, Liba


    Reports figures indicating a rise in teenage suicide in Canada. Shows how the problem is compounded by silence resulting from official and parent reactions and social taboo. Discusses some of the causes of teenage suicide and explains the role of the school and family in suicide intervention and prevention. (SB)

  11. Schooling and Thoughtfulness. (United States)

    Brown, Rexford


    The basic skills of reading, writing, and performing simple mathematical operations are not adequate for the non-college bound high school graduates to be fully prepared to enter the job market. Businesses today require employees who can communicate effectively, solve complex and unanticipated problems, and exercise tact and judgment. If the…

  12. DERIVE in Slovenian Schools. (United States)

    Lokar, Matija

    This paper describes several projects concerning the use of the DERIVE programming language for symbolic computation in Slovenia. The main topics discussed include preparing books and materials using DERIVE in Slovenian language, and a survey on the use of programs for symbolic computation by mathematics teachers in Slovenian secondary schools.…

  13. Screening Devices at School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratner, Helene


    Including children with special needs in the common school has become an international political priority over the past 15-­‐20 years. In reponse, new social technologies have emerged. This article analyses one such technology, an action plan called a SMTTE, and proposes that we understand it as ...

  14. School Curriculum in Japan (United States)

    Nakayasu, Chie


    This article examines Japanese education system especially relevant to the school curriculum, which might support Japanese high performance in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), mainly through Japanese policy documents. The Japanese education systems have been constructed by the local context of society and politics,…

  15. Keeping Fernando in School. (United States)

    Vail, Kathleen


    While others form committees, do research, and write legislation to address the appalling Hispanic dropout problem, Joe Sandoval, principal of Denver's North High School, performs search-and-rescue missions to reclaim missing students. Recognizing economic realities, he and his staff visit students' homes with offers of academic help, flexible…

  16. Radical School Reform. (United States)

    Gross, Beatrice, Ed.; Gross, Ronald, Ed.

    This book provides a comprehensive examination of the nature of the school crisis and the ways in which radical thinkers and educators are dealing with it. Excerpts from the writings of Jonathan Kozol, John Holt, Kenneth Clark, and others are concerned with the realities of education in ghettos and suburbs. Paul Goodman, Marshall McLuhan, Sylvia…

  17. Slamming Arkansas Schools! (United States)

    Scott, W. Clayton


    In this article, the author, a poet and teaching artist, shares how he successfully brought slam poetry to College Hill Middle School in Texarkana, Arkansas. In 2001 he discovered slam poetry--a poetry-reading format in which poets compete in dramatic readings of their works--and went to Slam Nationals in Seattle on the Arkansas slam team. He…

  18. Bioinformatics and School Biology (United States)

    Dalpech, Roger


    The rapidly changing field of bioinformatics is fuelling the need for suitably trained personnel with skills in relevant biological "sub-disciplines" such as proteomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics, etc. But because of the complexity--and sheer weight of data--associated with these new areas of biology, many school teachers feel…

  19. Designing School Gardens (United States)

    Van Dexter, Kurt


    Schoolyards can be a blank canvas of opportunity for students, teachers, and the community to create physical and psychological changes in their schools and communities. Through design, art teachers can guide their students, providing them with the tools to work in the world of spatial design. In this article, the author provides strategies for…

  20. Making Holograms at School (United States)

    Robinson, M. L. A.; Saunders, A. P.


    Discusses holography, a process by which a three-dimensional image of an object can be completely recorded on a photographic film or plate. Introduces hologram theory with a view to presenting it to senior high school students, and explains how the apparently very great experimental difficulties can be overcome. (JR)

  1. Dancing Partners: Schools & Businesses (United States)

    Johnston, Howard


    Business and education partnerships can be cornerstones of major school improvement efforts and meaningful corporate philanthropy. They also can be frustrating and wasteful if not planned and managed carefully. Partnerships, with their objectives, agreements, memorandums of understanding and budgets, may look like well-planned and carefully…

  2. Bullying: A School Responds (United States)

    Fidler, Coletta


    Bullying has gone on in schools for decades. Defined as "browbeating" or being "habitually cruel to others who are weaker," bullying can cause physiological and psychological injuries that last a lifetime. Unchecked, this behavior can lead the bully to drug and gang cultures and eventually prison. It can drive the victim to depression and suicidal…

  3. Technology in Massachusetts Schools (United States)

    Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2008


    The Board of Elementary and Secondary Education shares the Governor's concern about the need to prepare students for the 21st century economy. Technology has the power to enhance students' learning, engage them, and ultimately prepare them for the competitive world beyond school. In order to prepare students for their future in this increasingly…

  4. Too cool for school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinecke Hansen, Kenneth; Blom, Jonas Nygaard; Jønch-Clausen, Heidi


    societal attitudes towards female high achievers in the Danish educational system as they are conveyed in media frames. In our preliminary analysis of news media texts, female high achievers collocate with silent girls, diligent girls and more broadly with the alleged feminized school (cf. Bourdieu, 1999...

  5. Earthquakes and Schools (United States)

    National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, 2008


    Earthquakes are low-probability, high-consequence events. Though they may occur only once in the life of a school, they can have devastating, irreversible consequences. Moderate earthquakes can cause serious damage to building contents and non-structural building systems, serious injury to students and staff, and disruption of building operations.…

  6. Partnership for Successful Schools. (United States)

    Kinchloe, William Marion


    Describes the "Catalyst" program in which principals from 10 schools formed a supportive partnership, resulting in improved academic achievement for handicapped and other students. Explains five primary partnerships that principals and faculty must form (student, parent, citizens, goals, and professionals) and the need for partnership valuation.…

  7. Philosophy in Primary Schools? (United States)

    White, John


    The article is a critical discussion of the aims behind the teaching of philosophy in British primary schools. It begins by reviewing the recent Special Issue of the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" Vol 45 Issue 2 2011 on "Philosophy for Children in Transition", so as to see what light this might throw on the topic just mentioned. The result…

  8. School Autonomy and Accountability


    Arcia, Gustavo; MacDonald, Kevin; Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Porta, Emilio


    The objective of this paper is to present an assessment scale for benchmarking school autonomy and accountability. This scale is one of the tools being developed under system assessment and benchmarking for education results (SABER) initiative created by the World Bank as part of its education strategy. The purpose of this scale is to reinforce the monitoring and evaluation of education sy...

  9. School farming for school feeding: experiences from Nakuru, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dick Foeken


    Full Text Available School feeding is an important development tool and is related to at least three Millennium Development Goals. School farming has been largely overlooked in the urban agriculture literature but with many parents nowadays unable to afford school lunches for their children, it can play a vital role in reducing the costs involved in providing nutritional meals for pupils. This paper examines school farming in an urban setting, namely Nakuru town, Kenya and looks at the current practice, the extent to which school farming contributes to school feeding programs, and the challenges it faces and how these can be overcome. Based on a survey done in almost all primary and secondary schools in Nakuru, it shows that school farming and school feeding are now common practice in the town and that in many cases school farming does indeed contribute to school feeding programs. However, much more is possible and the paper indicates how various constraints in terms of land, water, support and leadership might be overcome.

  10. High School Students' Experiences in School Toilets or Restrooms. (United States)

    Norling, Maja; Stenzelius, Karin; Ekman, Nina; Wennick, Anne


    Previous research about school toilets is based on studies of children in elementary school. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences when using the school toilets reported by students aged 16-18 years. Qualitative interviews with 21 students were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. The data revealed that the toilets were considered insecure, dirty, and unpleasant. Additionally, students refrained from drinking during school hours and remained in constant movement or jumped up and down to withhold urine and stool. This was illustrated in the following categories: assessing the toilet environment, coping with the situation, and feeling exposed Hence, there is an urgent need to improve the school toilet environment in order to respect the rights of all students to void or defecate when necessary, a process which will require involvement of students, teachers, and other school staff as well as the School Health Service. PMID:26475260

  11. Collaboration between school and community through school agroecology: a vegetable school garden as a boundary object


    Amat, Arnau; Espinet Blanch, Mariona


    The paper presents a case on how people from different backgrounds work together in a school agroeocology project. This case study is part of a wider project within the European Comenius multilateral network CoDeS (Collaboration of schools and communities for a sustainable development), whose main objective is to foster school community collaboration for sustainability. In a little kindergarten and primary school from a small community, with only fifty students, we have been studying for four...

  12. BOMBAY: Instrumentation school

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Promising students had a foretaste of the latest laboratory techniques at the ICFA 1993 India School on Instrumentation in High Energy Physics held from February 15-26 and hosted by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Bombay. The scientific programme was put together by the ICFA Panel for Future Instrumentation, Innovation and Development, chaired by Tord Ekelof (Uppsala). The programme included lectures and topical seminars covering a wide range of detector subjects. In small groups, students got acquainted with modern detector technologies in the laboratory sessions, using experimental setups assembled in various institutes world-wide and shipped to Bombay for the School. The techniques covered included multiwire proportional chambers for detection of particles and photons, gaseous detectors for UV photons and X-ray imaging, the study of charge drift in silicon detectors, measurement of the muon lifetime using liquid scintillators, tracking using scintillating fibres, and electronics for sensitive detectors. The India School was attended by around 80 students from 20 countries; 34 came from Indian universities. It was the fifth in this series, previous Schools having been at Trieste (1987, 1989 and 1991) organized by the ICFA Panel and hosted and sponsored by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, and in 1990, organized at Rio de Janeiro in collaboration with the Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas. The School was jointly directed by Suresh Tonwar (TIFR), Fabio Sauli (CERN) and Marleigh Sheaff (University of Wisconsin), and sponsored by TIFR and DAE (India), CERN (Switzerland), ICTP and INFN (Italy), British Council and RAL (UK), NSF and DOE (USA), KEK (Japan), IPP (Canada) and DESY (Germany)

  13. An Examination on School Engagement and Metaphorical School Perception: Case of Province of Çankiri (United States)

    Özdemir, Murat; Kalayci, Hakki


    In the present study, school engagement and metaphorical school perceptions of students were analyzed based on gender, school type and grade. The relationship between school engagement and school perception was also examined. 410 high school students from ten different schools participated in the study. The data were collected through the…

  14. Queering School, queers in school: An introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Malmquist


    Full Text Available Queer studies of education have become a growing field with a range of theoretical and political positions and methodological approaches. Moreover, research with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ kids is tightly connected to anti-homophobia, anti-transphobia and norm-critical activism. One of the key contentions within this field is what researchers and activists mean by "queer" in the context of education: is it a focus on queer/ed subjectivities? Is it about using queer theories to critique forms and norms of education in a given sociopolitical context? Who is queer/ed in schools? Is the language of homophobia and transphobia the best or even correct way to describe and analyse normative educational settings and frameworks?

  15. School Resource Officers and School Administrators: "Talking and Walking" Together To Make Safer Schools. Research Bulletin. (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Raleigh.

    Four school resource officers (SROs) and four school administrators were brought together by the Center for the Prevention of School Violence, located in the North Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, to discuss effective SRO-administrator relationships. This brief research bulletin describes the results of that…

  16. School Improvement. Keys to School Boardsmanship. A Program of Continuing Education for School Board Members. (United States)

    Washington State School Directors Association, Olympia.

    The materials in this manual are designed to help workshop leaders prepare for and present a workshop for school board members on identifying and practicing policies that effectively foster improved instruction. In confirming school boards' commitment to school improvement, this workshop also points out the boards' roles in governance, the…

  17. The Preparation of Schools for Serious School Violence: An Analysis of New Mexico Public High Schools (United States)

    DiMatteo, Henry


    This study surveyed New Mexico high school principals on their current state of preparedness for serious school violence. The researcher surveyed 119 public high schools, receiving a 65% return rate from a 25-question survey. Specifically, this study analyzed the relationships of three predictor variables: prevention, response, and building of…

  18. School-Based Management, School Decision-Making and Education Outcomes in Indonesian Primary Schools


    Chen, Dandan


    This paper examines the key aspects of the practices of school-based management in Indonesia, and its effect on education quality. Using a conceptual framework of an accountability system of public service delivery, the paper explores the relations among Indonesian parents, school committees, schools, and government education supervisory bodies from three tenets: participation and voice; a...

  19. Teacher Absenteeism in Urban Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E. Bruno


    Full Text Available School reform efforts aimed at promoting equity and excellence at urban school settings are heavily dependent upon the quality of teaching personnel that are used to deliver the instructional program. Social Justice and other public policy issues related to equity and excellence at urban schools have begun to examine the impact that teacher absenteeism, and by extension the reliance on substitute teachers to deliver instructional might have on educational attainment. This study combines school district data gathering mechanisms on teacher absence rates at school sites with Geographical Information Systems (G.I.S. to map the association between a school's geographical environmental space and the propensity for teacher absence. The disparity between teaching resources as delivered by the school district vs. teacher resources as actually received by students in the classroom via teacher absenteeism is examined in the context of schools located in positive (high income and negative (low income geographical space. The study concludes that there is a strong association between the geographical quality of the school site setting, teacher absenteeism, and the reliance on substitute teachers to deliver instructional programs. Disparity in teacher absenteeism rates across large urban geographical areas threatens the promotion of equity and excellence in the schools by attenuating or lessening the effect of school resources to support instruction and amplifying the risk factors of students in the classroom.

  20. School Climate as an Important Component in School Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina Rapti


    Full Text Available Expectations, values, faith, relationships with staff, the school leader, teachers and students behavior create school climate. The leader can promote or hinder a positive climate through his leadership model. The purpose of this study is to explore what are the climate types that appear in the school as well as to contribute to the expectations of different stakeholders on the school climate. The starting point for improving the performance of students and teachers is to improve school climate. Thus, this study will help leaders who for one reason or another have not been effective in keeping their responsibilities, and, as a result, did not work efficiently in improving school climate. It is assumed that a positive school climate enhances effective teaching, and as a result a better performance of student learning. This study will serve to further studies related to the expansion of the leaders’ roles on school climate. In conclusion, the research will assist policy makers in Albania to assess the content of the modules needed for training future managers and teachers to ensure they are equipped with the skills required to create a positive, open and collaborative climate in school. The school leader should be released from some managerial tasks, for paying more time to teachers and students.

  1. School Audits and School Improvement: Exploring the Variance Point Concept in Kentucky's... Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Lyons


    Full Text Available As a diagnostic intervention (Bowles, Churchill, Effrat, & McDermott, 2002 for schools failing to meet school improvement goals, Ken-tucky used a scholastic audit process based on nine standards and 88 associated indicators called the Standards and Indicators for School Improvement (SISI. Schools are rated on a scale of 1–4 on each indicator, with a score of 3 considered as fully functional (Kentucky De-partment of Education [KDE], 2002. As part of enacting the legislation, KDE was required to also audit a random sample of schools that did meet school improvement goals; thereby identifying practices present in improving schools that are not present in those failing to improve. These practices were referred to as variance points, and were reported to school leaders annually. Variance points have differed from year to year, and the methodology used by KDE was unclear. Moreover, variance points were reported for all schools without differentiating based upon the level of school (elementary, middle, or high. In this study, we established a transparent methodology for variance point determination that differentiates between elementary, middle, and high schools.

  2. School lunch and snacking patterns among high school students: Associations with school food environment and policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Story Mary


    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives This study examined associations between high school students' lunch patterns and vending machine purchases and the school food environment and policies. Methods A randomly selected sample of 1088 high school students from 20 schools completed surveys about their lunch practices and vending machine purchases. School food policies were assessed by principal and food director surveys. The number of vending machines and their hours of operation were assessed by trained research staff. Results Students at schools with open campus policies during lunchtime were significantly more likely to eat lunch at a fast food restaurant than students at schools with closed campus policies (0.7 days/week vs. 0.2 days/week, p Conclusion School food policies that decrease access to foods high in fats and sugars are associated with less frequent purchase of these items in school among high school students. Schools should examine their food-related policies and decrease access to foods that are low in nutrients and high in fats and sugars.

  3. Public School Choice: An Economic Analysis


    Levon Barseghyan; Damon Clark; Stephen Coate


    Public school choice programs give households a free choice of public school and provide schools incentives to compete for students. Proponents of these programs argue that by the usual market logic, choice and competition will improve the quality of the education that schools provide. Critics counter that the usual market logic does not translate easily to schools, since households’ perceptions of school quality depend not only on the efforts of school personnel but also on the composition o...

  4. Does School Choice Improve Student Performance?


    Kaja Høiseth Brugård


    This paper studies the relationship between school choice and student performance for high school students in Norway. The analysis exploits both the fact that the degree of school choice formally differs between counties, and detailed information on travelling distances to high schools, which more closely reflects the students' actual school choice possibilities. Information on students' residence, high school location, and the degree of formal school choice is used to estimate the effect on ...

  5. Parental Preferences for Primary School Characteristics


    Borghans, Lex; Golsteyn, Bart H. H.; Zölitz, Ulf


    Free school choice has often been argued to be a tide that lifts school quality through increased competition. This paper analyzes the underlying assumption that school quality is an important choice criterion for parents. Using a large and representative data set of over 15,000 Dutch primary school starters we estimate models of school demand that incorporate heterogeneity in school preferences. Our results show that traditional measures for school quality matter, but other characteristics, ...

  6. Empowering Secondary School Teachers Through Administrative Tasks


    Magdalena M. Ocbian; Maricel Ayala-Dichoso


    One prevalent problem confronting small schools is the unavailability of non-teaching staff that can serve the school in its financial and reportorial matters. This study looked into the need of small schools to establish their own school organizational staff that would aid the school head to be efficient in the financial and reportorial matters. This scenario is evident in Buhatan National High School (BNHS) where the school head delegated administrative functions to teachers. This case stud...

  7. The Summer School Alpbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitsch Michaela


    Full Text Available Sixty young, highly qualified European science and engineering students converge annually for stimulating 10 days of work in the Austrian Alps. Four teams are formed, each of which designs a space mission, which are then judged by a jury of experts. Students learn how to approach the design of a satellite mission and explore new and startling ideas supported by experts. The Summer School Alpbach enjoys more than 30 years of tradition in providing in-depth teaching on different topics of space science and space technology, featuring lectures and concentrated working sessions on mission studies in self-organised working groups. The Summer School is organised by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency (FFG and co-sponsored by the European Space Agency (ESA, the International Space Science Institute (ISSI, and the national space authorities of its member and cooperating states.

  8. CERN School of Computing

    CERN Multimedia


    The 2007 CERN School of Computing, organised by CERN in collaboration with the University of Split (FESB) will be held from 20 to 31 August 2007 in Dubrovnik, Croatia. It is aimed at postgraduate students and research workers with a few years' experience in scientific physics, computing or related fields. Special themes this year are: GRID Technologies: The Grid track delivers unique theoretical and hands-on education on some of the most advanced GRID topics; Software Technologies: The Software track addresses some of the most relevant modern techniques and tools for large scale distributed software development and handling as well as for computer security; Physics Computing: The Physics Computing track focuses on informatics topics specific to the HEP community. After setting-the-scene lectures, it addresses data acquisition and ROOT. Grants from the European Union Framework Programme 6 (FP6) are available to participants to cover part or all of the cost of the School. More information can be found at...

  9. J-School Ethnography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Anne Kirstine

    The norms of modern, Wester journalism were shaped by the development of university-based journalism programs in the United States in the late 19th century. By contrast, the schooling of journalists in many European countries remained closely tied to the industry. In the 1980s, however, the US...... model - professionalization through higher education - began to diffuse. Over the past two decades, European journalism education intensified its migration from trade schools to universities, shiftting the disciplinary approach from craftsmanship to scholarship. This change continues to challenge...... journalism students expected to combine academic and journalistic impulses that are often at odds. Indeed, the relationship between journalism and academia is laden with tension. Nevertheless, European journalism educators may again look across the Atlantic in order to mend this conflict. Today, inherent...

  10. Escola segura Safe school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Ferreira Liberal


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Revisão das estratégias para tornar o ambiente escolar seguro. Inicialmente os autores contextualizam a violência e os acidentes no ambiente escolar e fazem recomendações, baseadas em dados da literatura, para a implantação de escolas seguras. FONTE DE DADOS: Artigos publicados entre 1993 e 2005 na base de dados MEDLINE. Dados nacionais epidemiológicos e da literatura também foram pesquisados. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Há evidência crescente de que a intervenção tem múltiplos componentes. O foco político é a prática em educação em saúde com o envolvimento de toda a comunidade. O norte dessas intervenções é ajudar estudantes e toda a comunidade a adotar um comportamento seguro e saudável. As escolas estão assumindo um envolvimento crescente na promoção da saúde, prevenção de doenças e prevenção de trauma. Nesse contexto de prevenção de causas externas de morbimortalidade, é importante reconhecer o risco ambiental, locais e comportamentos de risco como favoráveis ao trauma e à violência, além de um novo conceito de acidentes como algo que possa ser evitado. CONCLUSÃO: A implementação da escola segura representa uma nova direção promissora para o trabalho preventivo baseado na escola. É importante notar que uma escola segura deve intervir não meramente na sua estrutura física, mas também torná-la tão segura quanto possível, trabalhando com a comunidade escolar por meio de educação em saúde, discutindo principalmente o comportamento saudável.OBJECTIVE: To review the strategies to make school a safe environment. The paper first addresses the social context of accidents and violence in the school environment, and makes recommendations, based on the literature data, for the implementation of safe schools. SOURCE OF DATA: Articles published between 1993 and 2005 in the MEDLINE database. Brazilian epidemiological and literature data have also been searched. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: There is


    CERN Multimedia

    Madeleine Dittus


    For the beginning of the school year 2002/2003, the A.P.E.G. has an opening for a primary school teacher in the German national language program. The position requires one afternoon of teaching (13:30 till 16:30) every Tuesday at the Collège in Prévessin. The candidate should be a native speaker of German and have some knowledge of French. If you are interested, please send your CV, a copy of your diploma, and a short letter of motivation, until March 10th, to the following address. Madeleine Dittus - Présidente A.P.E.G. 5, La vie Destraz 01630 St. Genis-Pouilly - France

  12. Multicultural Education in School


    Oana CIUCHI


    This article presents the role played by the pluricultural, intercultural and multicultural education in schools. Its purpose is that of emphasizing the role of the educated pupils in facilitating the accommodation of the ethnocultural minority groups and, on the other hand, the accommodation and opening of the social majority to the specific cultural models/patterns of the minority groups. Regarding the pedagogical methods, personal experience and discovery learning are the training techniqu...

  13. Accelerators at school

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Latest subject covered by the CERN Accelerator School was 'Applied Geodesy of Particle Accelerators', which attracted an impressive number of outside participants to CERN for a week in April. Since the forerunners of today's particle accelerators were demonstrated over 50 years ago, the positioning of accelerator components has progressed from the laboratory bench-top to tunnels tens of kilometres long. Despite this phenomenal growth in size, sub-millimetre accuracy is still required

  14. Project: Public School


    Eräpuu, Päivi


    Lahden ammattikorkeakoulun Muotoilu- ja taideinstituutin Muoti- ja vaatetussuunnittelun opinnäytetyö Project: Public School pohtii open design -ideologian sovellutusmahdollisuuksia vaatesuunnittelussa. Opinnäytetyö tutkii avoimen suunnittelun käsitettä, sen ilmiöitä ja toimintatapoja lokaalista valmistuksesta, tee-se-itse-ideologiasta ja ekologisista arvoista. Opinnäytemalliston visuaalisena teemana on koulupuku ja sen kaltaisen valmisvaatteen dekonstruktio uuden vaatteen suunni...

  15. Why do fish school?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Matz LARSSON


    Synchronized movements (schooling) emit complex and overlapping sound and pressure curves that might confuse the inner ear and lateral line organ (LLO) of a predator.Moreover,prey-fish moving close to each other may blur the electro-sensory perception of predators.The aim of this review is to explore mechanisms associated with synchronous swimming that may have contributed to increased adaptation and as a consequence may have influenced the evolution of schooling.The evolutionary development of the inner ear and the LLO increased the capacity to detect potential prey,possibly leading to an increased potential for cannibalism in the shoal,but also helped small fish to avoid joining larger fish,resulting in size homogeneity and,accordingly,an increased capacity for moving in synchrony.Water-movements and incidental sound produced as by-product of locomotion (ISOL) may provide fish with potentially useful information during swimming,such as neighbour body-size,speed,and location.When many fish move close to one another ISOL will be energetic and complex.Quiet intervals will be few.Fish moving in synchrony will have the capacity to discontinue movements simultaneously,providing relatively quiet intervals to allow the reception of potentially critical environmental signals.Besides,synchronized movements may facilitate auditory grouping of ISOL.Turning preference bias,well-functioning sense organs,good health,and skillful motor performance might be important to achieving an appropriate distance to school neighbors und aid the individual fish in reducing time spent in the comparatively less safe school periphery.Turning preferences in ancestral fish shoals might have helped fish to maintain groups and stay in formarion,reinforcing aforementioned predator confusion mechanisms,which possibly played a role in the lateralization of the vertebrate brain [Current Zoology 58 (1):116-128,2012].

  16. Better School Dinners:




    On 4 September, over 100 people came together to explore the benefits, issues and opportunities in sustainable, local food procurement and provision by the public sector for schools in Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire. The event was organised by the Wye Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and Sustain: The Alliance for Better Food and Farming, in association with Adventa, Gloucestershire Food Links, and Herefordshire Food Links. The event took place at Bridges Comm...

  17. Taking nanotechnology to schools

    CERN Document Server

    Lakhtakia, A


    After a primer on nanotechnology and a review of current educational practices in secondary schools, the concept of just-in-time education is proposed to integrate technosciences and humanities so that both future technoscientists and non-technoscientists develop a common understanding, possibly even a common language, to deal with social, ethical, legal, and political issues that arise from the development of nanotechnology and its convergence with other technoscientific developments.

  18. Keeping Girls in School


    Özler, Berk


    Gender gaps in education have closed in almost all countries, especially at the primary level. In fact, these gaps have reversed in many countries in secondary education, especially in Latin America, the Caribbean, and East Asia, where it is now boys and young men who are disadvantaged. Despite the overall progress, however, primary and secondary school enrollments for girls remain much lower than for boys for disadvantaged populations in many Sub-Saharan countries and some parts ...

  19. Keeping Girls in School


    Ozler, Berk


    Gender gaps in education have closed in almost all countries, especially at the primary level. In fact, these gaps have reversed in many countries in secondary education, especially in Latin America, the Caribbean, and East Asia, where it is now boys and young men who are disadvantaged. Despite the overall progress, however, primary and secondary school enrollments for girls remain much lower than for boys for disadvantaged populations in many Sub-Saharan countries and some parts ...

  20. Why do fish school?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matz LARSSON


    Full Text Available Synchronized movements (schooling emit complex and overlapping sound and pressure curves that might confuse the inner ear and lateral line organ (LLO of a predator. Moreover, prey-fish moving close to each other may blur the electro-sensory perception of predators. The aim of this review is to explore mechanisms associated with synchronous swimming that may have contributed to increased adaptation and as a consequence may have influenced the evolution of schooling. The evolutionary development of the inner ear and the LLO increased the capacity to detect potential prey, possibly leading to an increased potential for cannibalism in the shoal, but also helped small fish to avoid joining larger fish, resulting in size homogeneity and, accordingly, an increased capacity for moving in synchrony. Water-movements and incidental sound produced as by-product of locomotion (ISOL may provide fish with potentially useful information during swimming, such as neighbour body-size, speed, and location. When many fish move close to one another ISOL will be energetic and complex. Quiet intervals will be few. Fish moving in synchrony will have the capacity to discontinue movements simultaneously, providing relatively quiet intervals to allow the reception of potentially critical environmental signals. Besides, synchronized movements may facilitate auditory grouping of ISOL. Turning preference bias, well-functioning sense organs, good health, and skillful motor performance might be important to achieving an appropriate distance to school neighbors and aid the individual fish in reducing time spent in the comparatively less safe school periphery. Turning preferences in ancestral fish shoals might have helped fish to maintain groups and stay in formation, reinforcing aforementioned predator confusion mechanisms, which possibly played a role in the lateralization of the vertebrate brain [Current Zoology 58 (1: 116–128, 2012].

  1. School Planning Manual. (United States)

    Watson, Cicely; Quazi, Saeed

    This text arose out of a practicum course for school planners given by the authors at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. The practicum is the core course of an M.Ed. program, which was designed to prepare planning-administrators for work at the level of the board of education in a system of education such as that of the province of…

  2. Brainwashed at School ?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suhr, Christian


    This chapter describes the efforts of young neo-orthodox Muslims seeking to protect and purify themselves from the contaminating influence of the secular school system in Denmark. In this endeavor concepts such as brainwashing and deprogramming are turned upside down and reapplied as a critique of...... young Muslims in Europe may seek refuge in strict Islamic discipline. Published in "Making European Muslims: Religious Socialization Among Young Muslims in Scandinavia and Western Europe," Mark Sedgwick, ed. London: Routledge....

  3. Schools and Stimulus


    Dupor, William D.; Mehkari, M. Saif


    This paper analyzes the impact of the education funding component of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (the Recovery Act) on public school districts. We use cross- Sectional differences in district-level Recovery Act funding to investigate the program's impact on staffing, expenditures and debt accumulation. To achieve identification, we use exogenous variation across districts in the allocations of Recovery Act funds for special needs students. We estimate that $1 million of gr...

  4. Schools' propaganda battle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the current funding difficulties in the British education system, all parts of the nuclear industry are providing schools with free or low cost educational materials - videos, worksheets etc which promote nuclear energy. It is argued that these present an uncritical, biased view of nuclear power which is, in some cases, against the law. Action to make sure an opposite view is also presented is suggested. (U.K.)

  5. Citizenship education from schools


    Puig Gutiérrez, María


    The characteristics of current society and the interest about citizenship education in the context of lifelong learning are essential to a study that aims to describe and understand the development of social and civic competence in the educational field. A Delphi study can make a proposal in which the social and civic competence is composed of 89 items organized into five areas: knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and behaviours. In parallel, the study of a school in Sevilla discovers didact...

  6. Designing Tomorrow's School


    Nicolas Chung; Giorgio Ponti; Naoto Fukabori; Jaime G. de la Garza Reyna


    A seminar entitled "Designing Tomorrow's School" was organised by the OECD Decentralised Programme on Educational Building (PEB), the Irish Ministry of Education and Science and the National University of Ireland (NUI), Galway, and was held in Galway, Ireland, in September 2002. Certain presentations made at the seminar are summarised here. Nicolas Chung of France's Ministry for National Education spoke on "Developing digital work areas for education". Giorgio Ponti of Cisem (the Research Ins...

  7. Characteristics of Illinois School Districts That Employ School Nurses. (United States)

    Searing, Lisabeth M; Guenette, Molly


    Research indicates that school nursing services are cost-effective, but the National Association of School Nurses estimates that 25% of schools do not have a school nurse (SN). The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of Illinois school districts that employed SNs. This was a secondary data analysis of Illinois School Report Card system data as well as data obtained from district websites regarding SNs. Employment of an SN was determined for 95% of the 862 existing districts. Binary logistic regression analysis found that district size was the largest significant predictor of employment of an SN. Other factors included the type of district and diversity of the teaching staff as well as the percentage of students receiving special education services or with limited English proficiency. These findings indicate where to focus advocacy and policy efforts to encourage employment of SNs. PMID:26446878

  8. Madgraph School 2013 Beijing

    CERN Document Server


    The Monte-Carlo tools play an indispensable role for our understanding to the subatomic structure, among them the Madgraph/Madevent package is a popular and interface-friendly one which is favored by more than 1000 physicists, both theorists and experimentalists. We organize a 5-day school from 22/May/2013 to 26/May/2013 to introduce the most relevant physics at the LHC. By using Madgraph/Madevent package as a focus example, the school will expose the core structure on the Monte Carlo simulation techniques at the LHC. There are 15 lectures and extra 10 tutorial sessions in total for students to finish the exercising projects in groups. Lectures will cover the main parts of Monte Carlo techniques: Feynrules, Madgraph, Sherpa, Fastjet, and PGS/DELPHES as well as experimental statistics. Students, postdoctors, and young researchers, who are working on collider physics, are encouraged to participate this school. No registration fee is required. We will provide local expenses for the participants, including a...

  9. School on cosmic physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Main stages of work of the Riga cosmic physics school dedicated to the memory of S.I. Sirovatsky (1925-1979), a prominent soviet physicist, is considered. Near 160 specialists out of 36 scientific organizations took part in the work of the school. 30 lectures and 50 statements have been made on the following problems: plasma flow in strong inhomogeneous and nonstationary magnetic fields, solar flares, diagnostics of physical conditions in solar flares and in other active formations, solar activity as a sequence of arising magnetic fields and convective flows of solar plasma, wave movements in the Sun atmosphere, mechanisms of acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays, reconnections of magnetic force lines in the magnetospheres of the Earth, planets and other astrophysical objects, some problems of plasma physics and controlled thermonuclear fusion. Lectures of investigation into plasma flow in the inhomogeneous magnetic fields containing special lines were of great interest. Processes proceeding inside the Sun were discussed in detail. Suggested is a model describing both main features of 11-year cycle of solar activity and the existence of long periods of decreased activity of the Sun. Work of the school of cosmic physics has shown that the results of the investigations carried on by S.I. Sirovatsky and its disciples are used in the most different areas of modern astrophysics and physics of plasma

  10. Strong School-Community Partnerships in Inclusive Schools Are "Part of the Fabric of the School... We Count on Them" (United States)

    Gross, Judith M. S.; Haines, Shana J.; Hill, Cokethea; Francis, Grace L.; Blue-Banning, Martha; Turnbull, Ann P.


    School-community partnerships play an essential role in successful schools, often providing supports and resources to meet staff, family, and student needs that go beyond what is typically available through school. Reciprocally, community partners benefit from their relationships with schools, including learning about schools' inclusive culture.…

  11. 25 CFR 39.145 - Can a school receive both a small school adjustment and a small high school adjustment? (United States)


    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Can a school receive both a small school adjustment and a small high school adjustment? 39.145 Section 39.145 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Indian School Equalization Formula Small...

  12. Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools (United States)

    Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena


    Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and mental…

  13. Essays on School Choice and the Returns to School Quality


    Ajayi, Kehinde Funmilola


    This dissertation consists of three studies which collectively seek to examine: what the barriers are to receiving a high-quality education in a merit-based school choice setting; how policy reforms can address these barriers; and what benefits students gain from attending a high-quality school. Altogether, the papers focus on understanding the role of socio-economic background in explaining differences in education-related decisions and student outcomes.Chapter 2 examines whether school choi...

  14. Are catholic primary schools more effective than public primary schools?


    Todd Elder; Christopher Jepsen


    This paper assesses the causal effects of Catholic primary schooling on student outcomes such as test scores, grade retention, and behavior. Catholic school students have substantially better average outcomes than do public school students throughout the primary years, but we present evidence that selection bias is entirely responsible for these advantages. Estimates based on several empirical strategies, including an approach developed by Altonji et al. (2005a) to use selection on observable...

  15. Punishment in School: The Role of School Security Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas J Mowen


    Full Text Available Although investigation of school security measures and their relationships to various outcomes including school crime rates (Gottfredson, 2001, perpetuation of social inequality (Ferguson, 2001; Nolan, 2011; Welch & Payne, 2010, and the impact on childhood experiences has seen significant growth within the last 20 years (Newman, 2004; Kupchik, 2010, few studies have sought to explore the impacts of these measures on suspension rates. Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (2002, I explore the relationship between security measures and in-school, out-of-school, and overall suspension rates. Results indicate schools with a security officer experience higher rates of in-school suspensions but have no difference in rates of out-of-school or overall suspensions compared to schools without a security officer. No other measure of security was related to higher suspension rates. As prior literature suggests, schools with greater proportions of black students experienced significantly higher rates of all suspension types. Finally, different types of parental involvement correlated with both higher and lower suspension rates.

  16. School Health and Nutrition Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Yabanci


    Full Text Available Schools play an effective role for adopt and maintain healthy eating and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. Schools are an important part of national efforts to prevent chronic diseases such as childhood obesity, coronary heart diseases, diabetes and cancer. Nutrition programs in schools can help children and adolescents participate in full educational potential; improve academic performance and health quality. To ensure a healthy future for our children, school-based nutrition education programs must become a national priority. Governments, community leaders, doctors, dieteticians, nurses, teachers, and parents must commit to implementing and sustaining nutrition education programs within the schools. School health and nutrition programs which part of public health and education are summarized in this review. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(3.000: 361-368

  17. School Culture Development in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Kai; Du, Xiangyun; Duan, Xiaoju

    School culture is playing an increasingly important role in school performance and educational development. Within the national campaign in China for the innovative and sustainable development of education, local governments in Beijing Municipality have encouraged and facilitated educational inno...... better distribution of educational resources (both financial and leadership), common understanding, agreed-upon goals, and efficient communication between principals and teachers.......School culture is playing an increasingly important role in school performance and educational development. Within the national campaign in China for the innovative and sustainable development of education, local governments in Beijing Municipality have encouraged and facilitated educational...... China. A survey was conducted among 1,992 informants from 37 schools (located in four different districts) in Beijing Municipality. The results of this study indicated that the respondents had overall positive perceptions of school culture construction and development in the educational change process...

  18. To What Extent Should Schools Be Autonomous? (United States)

    Goksoy, Suleyman


    The aim of the research is to present school managers' viewpoints about "school autonomy" program in our country and accordingly determine the degree of school managers' autonomy request. The research was made by using scanning method. The research consists of school managers who are working in preschools, elementary schools,…

  19. Governor's Schools: An Alternative for Gifted Children (United States)

    Winkler, Daniel L.; Stephenson, Scott; Jolly, Jennifer L.


    In this article, the authors discuss Governor's Schools as an alternative for gifted students. When the word school is used, people typically think about traditional schooling. But Governor's Schools are different in the type of schooling provided and the type of students served--they educate predominantly gifted children, teach a wide array of…

  20. 38 CFR 21.122 - School course. (United States)


    ...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Educational and Vocational Training Services § 21.122 School course. (a) Explanation of terms—schools..., vocational school, correspondence school, business school, junior college, teacher's college, college,...