WorldWideScience

Sample records for berdasarkan kejadian pemicu

  1. Tinjauan Teologis: Allah Menyesal Berdasarkan Perspektif Kitab Kejadian Pasal 6:6-7

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    Yetris Elbaar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah Pertama, untuk menjelaskan makna Allahmenyesal melalui pemaparan eksposisi nas di dalam kitab Kejadian 6:6-7, supayadapat menghasilkan kerangka pemahaman yang benar tentang Allah sebagaiPencipta. Kedua, untuk mendapatkan pemahaman yang benar mengenai Allahmenyesal berdasarkan penjelasan implikasi teologis. Ketiga, supaya orang percayadapat mengerti makna mengenai Allah menyesal dalam kitab Kejadian 6:6-7 yangdijabarkan dalam implikasi praktis.Penulisan karya ilmiah ini menggunakan metodologi eksposisi, denganmenggunakan prinsip-prinsip hermeneutika, yaitu dengan kajian eksegesis Alkitabmengenai Allah menyesal berdasarkan Kejadian 6:6-7 dan melalui penelitiankualitatif, yaitu dengan penggunaan buku-buku di perpustakaan yang berkaitandengan konsep judul karya ilmiah.Kesimpulan karya ilmiah ini adalah: Pertama, Allah yang menyesal adalahAllah yang konsisten terhadap sifat dan karakter-Nya. Kedua, Allah yang menyesaladalah Allah yang harus dipahami melalui konteks firman Tuhan. Berdasarkankonteks Kejadian 6:6-7 Allah menyesal adalah Allah yang menyatakan pengakuan-Nya sebagai pencipta (6:6. Dan Mengungkapkan keputusan Allah (6:7. Ketiga,Allah menyesal adalah Allah yang tidak dapat menyangkal diri-Nya sebagai Allahyang ingin menyatakan bahwa Ia sangat berduka, tetapi harus menyatakankeadilannya sebagai Allah dan harus menghukum kejahatan manusia. Keempat,Allah menyesal adalah Allah yang menghendaki supaya manusia hidup dalamperaturan dan hukum-hukum yang Allah tetapkan dalam kehidupannya.

  2. MODEL PREDIKSI KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD BERDASARKAN FAKTOR IKLIM DI KOTA BOGOR, JAWA BARAT

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    Jusniar Ariati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractDengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF presents a serious health problem in Indonesia. Dengue viruses are transmitted to human through the biting of infected mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus.The occurrence of variation and climate change will Affect the growth areas of mosquitoes. This situation can influence on the emergence of dengue fever cases. In this paper will discuss the predictions of the mathematical model of considering the incidence of DHF with climatic factors. The research design was a retrospective study with the data collected is dengue incidence and climate include temperature, rainfall, humidity and rainy days since 2002-2010. Data analysis was performed using Minitab 16.0 software statistical time series. The results showed that R2 varied between 0.65 to 0.99. The highest R2 value of the regression equation obtained in August, September and October is 0.99 and the lowest in April with a R2 value of 0.65. The results of predictions based on 4 predictors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity with the incidence of DHF is actually not much different, except in April. It can be concluded that according to linear predictive models of dengue is influenced by climatic factors (precipitation, rainy days, temperature and humidity 2 months before and 1 month prior dengue incidence.Keywords : Dhf, Climate, Prediction ModelAbstrakDemam Berdarah Dengue (DBD merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan di Indonesia. Aedes aegyptisebagai vektor utama penyakit DD/DBD kehidupannya dipengaruhi oleh faktor iklim, diantaranya suhu, kelembaban udara, curah hujan dan hari hujan. Berbagai upaya pengendalian  telah   dilakukan  namun  belum   menurunkan  jumlah  kasus  secara  signifikan, sehingga diperlukan model untuk memprediksi kejadian DBD di suatu wilayah sehingga kejadiannya dapat diantisipasi. Dalam tulisan ini akan membahas model matematika prediksi kejadian DBD dengan mempertimbangkan faktor iklim

  3. Hubungan Kadar Ft4 Dengan Kejadian Tirotoksikosis berdasarkan Penilaian Indeks New Castle Padawanita Dewasa di Daerah Ekses Yodium

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    Harsa Rusda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTirotoksikosis merupakan manifestasi klinis yang terjadi akibat peningkatan kadar hormon tiroid dalam darah. Kelebihan yodium merupakan salah satu penyebab terjadinya tirotoksikosis. Ini ditandai dengan hasil pemeriksaan kadar Ekskresi Yodium Urin (EYU > 199 μg/L. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kadar FT4 dengan kejadian tirotoksikosis berdasarkan penilaian indeks New Castle pada wanita dewasa di daerah ekses yodium. Metode: Penelitian dilakukan dengan menganalisis data yang dikumpulkan secara Cross Sectional Study terhadap 37 wanita dewasa menggunakan metoda total sampling di Nagari Koto Salak, Kecamatan Koto Salak Kabupaten Dharmasraya yang merupakan daerah ekses yodium (median EYU 323,5 μg/L. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara menggunakan penilaian Indeks New Castle dan pengambilan darah untuk dilakukan pemeriksaan kadar FT4 dalam serum. Hasil: Analisis univariat didapatkan jumlah penduduk wanita dewasa dengan kadar FT4 meningkat sebanyak 14 persen dan nilai rata-rata 1,71 ng/dl. Penilaian indeks New Castle dalam kategori doubtful 16 persen dan tidak ditemukan penduduk yang termasuk dalam kategori toxic. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik Chi-square, didapatkan p value=1. Kesimpulan: Tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar FT4 dalam serum dengan kejadian tirotoksikosis pada wanita dewasa di derah ekses yodium. Saran: Perlu dilakukan penyuluhan mengenai asupan yodium kepada masyarakat dan diharapkan penelitian ini dapat menjadi masukan kepada pemerintah dalam mengambil kebijakan terhadap pemberian kapsul yodium serta melakukan kontrol kadar EYU secara teratur dan berkala.Kata kunci: FT4, tirotoksikosis, indeks New Castle, wanita, ekses yodium, tiroidAbstractThyrotoxicosis is a clinical manifestation that occurs due to elevated levels of thyroid hormones in the blood. Iodine excess is one of the causes of thyrotoxicosis. This is indicated by the results of urine iodine excretion levels (EYU

  4. Hubungan Pemakaian Panty Liner dengan Kejadian Fluor Albus pada Siswi SMA di Kota Padang Berdasarkan Wawancara Terpimpin (Kuisioner)

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    Anisa Persia; Rina Gustia; Elizabeth Bahar

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakPenyebab tersering fluor albus (keputihan) patologis adalah infeksi. Proses infeksi dapat dipicu oleh banyak hal, salah satunya adalah karena pemakaian panty liner. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan antara pemakaian panty liner dengan kejadian fluor albus pada siswi SMA. Penelitian dilakukan pada siswi di enam SMA di kota Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan responden sebanyak 289 orang. Pengumpulan data responden dilakukan dengan wawanc...

  5. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA HEPATITIS A DI SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI SELULUNG DAN BLANTIH, KINTAMANI

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    I Gede Ketut Aryana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis A terjadi secara sporadis dan epidemik di seluruh dunia, dengan kecenderungan untuk kambuh secara siklik. Berdasarkan laporan Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Bangli tahun 2012 dan awal 2013 terjadi kejadian luar biasa hepatitis A di Kintamani, Bangli. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian luar biasa hepatitis A pada anak-anak sekolah dasar di Kintamani. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kasus-kontrol. Data kasus diambil dari Sekolah Dasar Negeri (SDN Selulung dan Blantih, sedangkan kontrol dari SDN Sekaan, Kintamani. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan April sampai Mei 2013. Analisis data dengan uji Kai-kuadrat, analisis bivariat dengan tingkat kemaknaan á=0,05, interval kepercayaan (IK 95%, dilanjutkan analisis multivariat. Pemanfaatan jamban yang tidak baik bermakna secara statistik berhubungan dengan kejadian luar biasa hepatitis A dengan rasio odds 18,0 (IK95% 4,38 sampai 74,01, P<0,001. Pemanfaatan jamban yang tidak baik bermakna secara statistik sebagai faktor risiko kejadian luar biasa hepatitis A pada anak-anak sekolah dasar di Kintamani. [MEDICINA 2014;45:79-83]    

  6. PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN TENTANG PEMICU KEKERASAN

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    Nyayu Khodijah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Astract: Analysis of Al-Qur’an on all facts on violence is related to the Qur’anic concept on human being, the concept of “Fitrah” and “behaviour”. Based on the interpretation of the Qur'an, the violence is not stated as a basic human nature as expressed by psychoanalysis, because all humans are born with the condition of “fitrah”. But during its developments, the fitrah is much influenced by the environment so that people do the violence. The factors are as follows: family, film, television including angriness—all make people aggressive and tend to do the violence—are claimed by Islam as something unaccepted. To avoid the harsh, people are asked to control their character and to do their religious obligation; such as praying and fasting.Abstrak:  Analisis Al-Qur’an tentang semua fakta kekerasan berkaitan dengan konsep Al-Qur’an tentang manusia, konsep “fitrah”, dan “perilaku”. Berdasarkan tafsir Al-Qur’an, kekerasan tidak dinyatakan sebagai watak dasar manusia seperti yang dinyatakan oleh aliran psikoanalisis, karena semua manusia terlahir dengan kondisi “fitrah”. Akan tetapi dalam perkembangannya, fitrah tersebut dipengaruhi oleh lingkungan sehingga manusia melakukan kekerasan. Faktor-faktor seperti keluarga, film, dan televisi yang memuat kemarahan—semua yang membuat manusia bertindak agresif dan cenderung melakukan kekerasan—dinyatakan sebagai sesuatu yang tidak dibenarkan. Untuk menghindari terjadinya kekerasan, manusia dituntut untuk dapat mengontrol diri mereka dan melaksanakan kewajiban beragama mereka; seperti sholat dan puasa.

  7. Hubungan OAINS pada Pengobatan Dismenorea dengan Kejadian Dispepsia pada Mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas

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    Siti Dwiaulia Risnomarta

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakDismenorea merupakan salah satu keluhan ginekologi tersering yang membawa pasien datang ke dokter. Dismenorea terjadi 40-80% dan 5-10% nya membutuhkan pengobatan. Obat anti inflamasi non steroid (OAINS paling sering digunakan untuk pengobatan dismenorea primer. Namun efek samping sering terjadi terutama pada saluran cerna. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan OAINS sebagai pengobatan dismenorea dengan kejadian dispepsia pada mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas. Rancangan penelitian adalah analitik cross-sectional. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 62 orang yang diambil dengan menggunakan metode total sampling. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh jumlah responden yang mengalami dispepsia sebanyak 14 orang (22,6%. Penelitian ini menilai OAINS (jenis,jumlah, dan kombinasi pada pengobatan dismenorea dengan kejadian dispepsia. Derajat dispepsia yang dikeluhkan umumnya ringan. Hasil uji chi-square antara jenis OAINS pada pengobatan dismenorea dan kejadian dispepsia didapatkan p = 0,120. Hasil uji chi-square antara jumlah OAINS pada pengobatan dismenorea dengan kejadian dispepsia didapatkan p = 1,00. Hasil uji chi-square antara kombinasi OAINS pada pengobatan dismenorea dengan kejadian dispepsia didapatkan p = 0,125. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara jenis, jumlah, dan kombinasi OAINS pada pengobatan dismenorea dengan kejadian dispepsia.Kata kunci: dismenorea, OAINS, dispepsia AbstractDysmenorrhea is one of most common gynecological complaint that bring the patients come to see doctor. Dysmenorrhea occurs 40-80% and 5-10% need treatment. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs are the most common treatment for primary dysmenorrhea. The side effects of NSAIDs often occur, especially in gastointestinal. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of NSAIDs in the treatment of dysmenorrhea and dyspepsia incident in female students of Faculty of Medicine of

  8. ANALISIS SPASIAL FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN KEJADIAN DBD DI KABUPATEN DEMAK

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    Musyarifatun Farahiyah

    2014-05-01

    survei. Sampel penelitian ini sebesar 150 responden. Lokasi kejadian DBD diidentifikasi berdasarkan koordinat menggunakan GPS. Faktor lingkungan dan demografi diperoleh berdasarkan data sekunder dari Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Demak. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara spasial dengan Software ArcView GIS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara HI, CI dengan IR (p-value>0,05. Meskipun demikian, nilai rata-rata HI dan CI di Kabupaten Demak sebesar 13,17% dan 7,08%. Kondisi ini berpotensi terjadi penularan DBD yang tinggi di masyarakat. Hasil analisis spasial menunjukan bahwa sebaran kasus DBD terbanyak terjadi di Kecamatan Mranggen dengan pola sebaran merata di seluruh desa. Ada kecenderungan semakin tinggi kepadatan penduduk dan kepadatan rumah semakin tinggi pula IR DBD (p-value < 0,05.Kata kunci: analisis spasial DBD, faktor lingkungan, Kabupaten Demak

  9. Hubungan Kadar Profil Lipid dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Masyarakat Etnik Minangkabau di Kota Padang Tahun 2012

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    Rahmat Feryadi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHipertensi merupakan masalah kesehatan yang banyak dijumpai pada masyarakat dan berkorelasi dengan penyakit lainnya. Banyak faktor penyebab terjadinya hipertensi, salah satunya adalah gangguan profil lipid. Profil lipid dapat memicu terjadinya hipertensi melalui berbagai mekanisme, baik secara langsung atau tidak langsung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti lebih lanjut tentang hubungan obesitas dengan kejadian hipertensi. Penelitian dilakukan pada masyarakat Etnik Minangkabau di 8 kelurahan di kota Padang. Ini adalah studi komparatif menggunakan desain cross sectional study, dengan jumlah subjek 160 responden. Pengumpulan data responden dilakukan dengan wawancara. Pengukuran tekanan darah dilakukan berdasarkan cara yang direkomendasikan WHO dan penetapan nilainya berdasarkan JNC VII. Profil lipid diukur dilaboratorium dengan acuan penilaian berdasarkan NCEP ATP III. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji chi square. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar gangguan kadar kolesterol terdapat pada penderita hipertensi dari pada normotensi. Uji statistik chi square menunjukkan hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar kolesterol dan trigliserida dengan kejadian hipertensi (total kolesterol p < 0,05; OR = 2,40, trigliserida p< 0,05; OR = 2,49. Kadar HDL dan LDL tidak menunjukkan hubungan yang bermakna terhadap kejadian hipertensi (p > 0,05. Dari hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa sebagian fraksi profil lipid mempengaruhi kejadian hipertensi pada etnik Minangkabau yang berada di kota Padang, yaitu kadar kolesterol total dan trigliserida.Kata kunci: Hipertensi, kolestertol total, HDL, LDL, Trigliserida, etnik Minangkabau.AbstractHypertension is a common disease in the community and have correlation with other diseases. Many factor can leads hypertension, such as disturbance of lipid profile. Lipid profile can lead hypertension through a variety of mechanism, either directly or indirectly. This study aims to investigate

  10. Angka Kejadian serta Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi GangguanTidur (InsomniaPada Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werda Wana Seraya Denpasar Bali Tahun 2013

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    Putu Arysta Dewi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Angka   kejadian insomnia akan meningkat seiringbertambahnya usia. Dengan kata lain, gejala insomnia sering terjadi pada oranglanjut usia (lansia, bahkan hampir setengah dari jumlah lansia dilaporkanmengalami kesulitan memulai tidur dan mempertahankan tidurnya.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui angka  kejadian gangguan tidur  (insomnia padalansia serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi gangguan tidur (Insomniapadalansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werda Wana Seraya Denpasar.Materi dan metode: Metode penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitiandeskriftif cross-sectional non-eksperimental, dengan menggunakan sampelsebanyak 15 orang setelah di inklusi dan eksklusi. Melalui wawancara langsungdengan menggunakan sarana kuesioner, di lingkungan Panti Sosial Tresna WerdaWana Seraya Denpasar Bali.Hasil: Terdapat 6 orang lansia (40%yang menderita insomnia dengan beberapafaktor yang mempengaruhi seperti berdasarkan usia, usia 60-70 tahun terdapat 4orang (66,6%, usia 71-80 tahun, terdapat 2 orang lansia (22,2%. Berdasarkanjenis kelamin terdapat 1 orang lansia laki-laki (25%dan terdapat 5 orang lansiaperempuan (45,5%.Berdasarkan kebiasaan tidur yang buruk, hanya terdapat 1orang lansia (16.6%yang memiliki kebiasaan atau pola tidur yang buruk.Berdasarkan penyakit yang mendasari terdapat 4 orang lansia (66,6%.Berdasarkan adanya penyakit gangguan jiwa seperti depresi mayor atau punkecemasan hanya  terdapat 3 orang atau hanya sekitar 50% yang mengalamidepresi maupun kecemasan.Simpulan : Berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya insomnia pada lansia,seperti usia, jenis kelamin, Kebiasaan tidur / pola tidur, penyakit lainnya yangmendasari, serta gangguan jiwa yang menyertai. Insomnia pada panti werdha inicenderung terjadi pada usia yang lebih muda dan jenis kelamin perempuan.

  11. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu tentang Gizi dengan Kejadian Obesitas Anak di SD Islam Al-Azhar 32 Padang

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    Merisya .

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakObesitas adalah kelainan yang ditandai oleh penimbunan berlebihan jaringan lemak dalam tubuh. Salah satu kelompok usia yang berisiko mengalami obesitas adalah kelompok usia 6-12 tahun. Pengetahuan gizi ibu berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak.Hal tersebut mempengaruhi pemilihan nutrisi yang dikonsumsi anak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak usia sekolah dasar. Penelitian ini bersifat analitik dengan rancangan studi cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 1-3 di SD Islam Al-Azhar 32 Padang dengan subyek penelitian sebanyak 102 orang. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan pembagian angket kepada ibu yang berisi pertanyaan seputar gizi. Status gizi anak ditentukan dengan pengukuran berat dan tinggi badan. Hasil pengukuran dikategorikan berdasarkan standar antropometri penilaian status gizi anak menurut Departemen Kesehatan Indonesia. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat dan bivariat fisher’s exact test. Hasil penelitian didapatkan subyek obesitas sebanyak 17,6% dengan rerata IMT adalah 16,6 ± 3,20. Tingkat pengetahuan gizi ibu ditemukan hampir seluruhnya dalam kriteria cukup baik, yaitu sebesar 98%. Hasil uji statitik didapatkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara pengetahuan gizi ibu dengan kejadian obesitas (p = 0.323Kata kunci: obesitas anak, pengetahuan ibu, giziAbstractObesity is a disorder that is marked by excessive accumulation of body fat. Age group 6-12 years is one group that is at risk of childhood obesity. Mother’s nutritional knowledge is related to childhood obesity. The knowledge influence mother’s decision on child’s daily consumption. The objective of this research was to investigate the relationship between mother’s knowledge of nutrition and childhood obesity among elementary school students.This research was analytic research with cross sectional study. The research

  12. Gambaran Slide Malaria Berdasarkan Sediaan Darah dari Kepulauan Siberut Mentawai Periode Oktober 2011 – Januari 2012

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    Adeline Sacharissa Firdaus

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMalaria adalah penyakit penting yang saat ini telah menjadi masalah kesehatan dunia dan endemik di 105 negara salah satunya Indonesia. Indonesia memiliki banyak kepulauan yang tersebar salah satunya yaitu Kepulauan Mentawai. Kepulauan Mentawai merupakan daerah endemi malaria yang terdiri atas 4 pulau salah satunya yaitu Kepulauan Siberut Mentawai. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui Insiden kejadian malaria di Kepulauan Siberut Mentawai periode Oktober 2012 – Januari 2012. Desain penelitian yaitu deskriptif dan observational. Sediaan darah yang berasal dari Puskesmas Muara Siberut Kepulauan Siberut Mentawai dikirim ke Laboratorium Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas untuk diperiksa. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara pemeriksaan secara mikroskopik sediaan darah tebal dan tipis dari sampel darah tepi yang telah dipulas dengan pewarnaan Giemsa untuk mengetahui berapa insiden kejadian malaria, distribusi malaria menurut jenis kelamin, distribusi malaria menurut jenis plasmodium dan Parasite Count. Seluruh Sediaan darah berjumlah 106 sediaan darah dan 32 diantaranya positif malaria. Berdasarkan jenis kelamin ditemukan pada perempuan 17 sediaan darah dan laki-laki sebanyak 15 sediaan darah. jenis Plasmodium yang ditemukan adalah Plasmodium falciparum sebanyak 20 sediaan darah dan Plasmodium vivax sebanyak 12 sediaan darah. Menurut parasite count 14 sediaan darah diantaranya merupakan infeksi ringan dan 6 sediaan darah lainnya merupakan infeksi berat. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah (1 kejadian positif malaria ditemukan sebanyak 30,2%, (2 Insiden kejadian malaria lebih tinggi pada perempuan dibandingkan laki-laki, (3 Hanya ditemukan jenis Plasmodium falciparum dan Plasmodium vivax pada penelitian, (4 Derajat infeksi ringan kejadiannya lebih tinggi dibandingkan infeksi berat.Kata kunci: Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Parasit countAbstractMalaria is an important disease that has become a global

  13. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN PENYAKIT MALARIA DIWILAYAH TAMBANG EMAS KECAMATAN IV NAGARI KABUPATEN SIJUNJUNG

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    Efri Nurdin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Malaria ditularkan oleh nyamuk Anopheles betina melalui parasit (Plasmodium. Malaria merupakan salah satu masalahkesehatan masyarakat karena mempengaruhi angka kesakitan bayi, balita, dan ibu melahirkan, serta menimbulkan KLB (Kejadian Luar Biasa. Tahun 2009 kejadian malaria endemis terjadi di wilayah tambang emas Kecamatan IV Nagari Kabupaten Sijunjung Sumatera Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian malaria di wilayah tambang emas Kecamatan IV Nagari Kabupaten Sijunjung tahun 201 1. Jenis penelitian adalah observasional analitik dengan disain penelitian case control study, Populasi kasus adalah semua orang yang dinyatakan positif malaria dan kontrol adalah semua orang yang dinyatakan bebas malaria, tidak tinggal serumah dengan kasus, dan dimatchingkan menurut umur. Jumlah sampel kasus 30 responden dan kontrol 60 responden. Data dianalisis dengan uji Chi-square, Hasil penelitian didapat hubungan bennakna antara tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan keluarga dengan kejadian malaria (p < 0.05 dan tidak ada hubungan bermakna antara lingkungan dengan kejadian malaria (p > 0.05. Pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan keluarga merupakan faktor resiko terhadap kejadian malaria dan lingkungan bukan faktor resiko terhadap kejadian malaria. Tingginya kejadian malaria dipengaruhi oleh rendahnya tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan keluarga terhadap pencegahart dan pemberantasan malaria. Disarankan kepada tenaga kesehatan di Puskesmas Kecamatan IV Nagari, dapat meningkatkan kegiatan penyuluhan dan promosi kesehatan mengenai penyakit malaria dan bagi tokoh masyarakat, dapat menghimbau dan mengajak masyarakat peduli lingkungan dan kesehatan keluarga.

  14. DETERMINAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS PADA NELAYAN DI PUSKESMAS TEMPE

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    Bahar, Febriyani; Rismayanti; Dwinata, Indra

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRAK Prevalensi dermatitis di Puskesmas Tempe Kabupaten Wajo dari tahun ke tahun semakin meningkat dan tahun 2013 prevalensi dermatitis mengalami penurunan dengan jumlah kasus 5.426. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian dermatitis pada nelayan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tempe Kabupaten Wajo. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional study. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah semua laki-laki yang...

  15. GAYA HIDUP DAN KEJADIAN SINDROM METABOLIK PADA KARYAWAN LAKI-LAKI BERSTATUS GIZI OBES DI PT. INDOCEMENT CITEUREUP

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    Fitria Nurjanah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to analyze life style and incidence of metabolic syndrome among obese male employees in PT. Indocement Citeureup. The cross sectional design was applied with purposive sampling by involving 59 obese male employees met the inclusion criteria. There was 49.2% subject has metabolic syndrome whereas the highest prevalence was central obesity (96.6%, followed by hipertriglyceridemia (82.8%, low level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL (72.4%, fasting blood glucose (62.1%, and hypertension (55.2%. There was no significant difference prevalence of metabolic syndrome by age, history of obesity, smoking habits, excercise habits, physical activity, and eating behavior (p>0.05. High cigarettes smoking significantly correlated with lower diastole and greater abdominal circumference (p<0.05. Unhealthy eating behavior was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol, while snacking behavior was correlated with fasting blood glucose (p<0.05.Keywords: life style, metabolic syndrome, obesityABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis gaya hidup dan kejadian sindrom metabolik pada karyawan laki-laki berstatus gizi obes di PT. Indocement Citeureup. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional dengan purposive sampling dan melibatkan 59 karyawan laki-laki obes yang dipilih berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Sebanyak 49,15% subjek mengalami sindrom metabolik dengan prevalensi penanda sindrom metabolik tertinggi adalah obesitas sentral (96,55%, diikuti oleh hipertrigliseridemia (82,76%, kadar kolesterol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL rendah (72,41%, kadar glukosa darah puasa tinggi (62,07% dan hipertensi (55,17%. Tidak terdapat perbedaan proporsi kejadian sindrom metabolik menurut umur, riwayat kegemukan, kebiasaan merokok, kebiasaan olahraga, tingkat aktivitas fisik maupun perilaku makan (p>0,05. Semakin banyak jumlah rokok yang dikonsumsi berkorelasi signifikan dengan tekanan darah diastol yang rendah dan ukuran lingkar perut

  16. Faktor Risiko yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Malaria di Indonesia (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013

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    Rika Mayasari

    2016-05-01

    mempengaruhi yaitu faktor lingkungan, perilaku, pelayanan kesehatan dan keturunan. Faktor risiko individual yang berperan terjadinya infeksi malaria adalah usia, jenis kelamin, genetik, kehamilan, status gizi, aktivitas keluar rumah pada malam hari dan faktor risiko kontekstual (lingkungan perumahan, keadaan musim, sosial ekonomi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian malaria di Indonesia berdasarkan data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas tahun 2013. Dari total sembilan belas faktor individual ada satu faktor yang bukan merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya infeksi malaria yaitu faktor rumah yang disemprot obat nyamuk/insektisida. Faktor yang paling besar risikonya adalah pemakaian kelambu berinsektisida (OR = 2,30 ; CI 95 % : 1,28-4,12 dan yang paling kecil adalah waktu tempuh ke pelayanan bidan (OR = 0,32 ; CI 95% : 0,19-0,55Kata kunci : Faktor Risiko, Malaria, Indonesia

  17. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERSALINAN SEKSIO SESAREA DAN KEJADIAN BRONKIOLITIS PADA ANAK

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    Yuliana Yuliana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bronkiolitis sering mengenai anak usia kurang dari 2 tahun yang menyebabkan morbiditas dan mortalitas yang tinggi tiap tahunnya. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan adanya faktor-faktor yangmeningkatkan risiko terjadinya bronkiolitis, salah satunya persalinan seksio sesarea. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara persalinan seksio sesarea dan kejadian bronkiolitispada anak. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kasus kontrol yang dilakukan terhadap 60 pasien bronkiolitis sebagai kasus dan 60 pasien bukan bronkiolitis sebagai kontrol. Data diperoleh darirekam medis dan anamnesis langsung dari keluarga pasien anak usia lebih dari 1 bulan dan kurang dari 3 tahun yang dirawat inap di Bagian/SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FK Universitas Udayana/RSUPSanglah pada periode Januari 2013 sampai Maret 2013. Data dianalisis dengan uji Kai-kuadrat dan analisis multivariat (regresi logistik dengan tingkat kemaknaan á = 0,05 (IK 95%. Dari data dasarsubjek penelitian didapatkan median usia 8 (1-36 bulan, laki-laki 63,3%, berat lahir rendah 15,8%, kehamilan kurang bulan 10,8%, malnutrisi 39,2%, pemberian ASI eksklusif 34,2%, vaksinasi BCG93,3%, riwayat atopi pada keluarga 16,7%, dan paparan asap rokok 27,5%. Tidak didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna secara statistik antara persalinan seksio sesarea dengan kejadian bronkiolitis {RO2,36 (IK 95% 0,89 sampai 6,25, P=0,76}. Paparan asap rokok mempunyai risiko lebih besar untuk terjadinya bronkiolitis {RO 2,87 (IK 95% 1,19 sampai 6,96, P=0,015}. Disimpulkan bahwa persalinanseksio sesarea tidak bermakna meningkatkan kejadian bronkiolitis. Paparan asap rokok merupakan salah satu faktor risiko terjadinya bronkiolitis. [MEDICINA. 2014;45:19-24].

  18. PENENTUAN DAERAH RAWAN GIZI BERDASARKAN ANALISIS SPATIAL

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    Noviati Fuada

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang : Riset Kesehatan Dasar telah dilakukan di Indonesia (RISKESDAS 2007. Riset telah mengumpulkan data-data yang terdiri dari data kesehatan yang menggambarkan status gizi anak di bawah lima (antrophometri data di seluruh wilayah Indonesia. Kenyataanya masih sedikit analisis dengan menggunakan metode GIS, oleh karena itu artikel ini akan dikaji dengan metode spasial. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi faktual, yang dapat mendukung kebijakan daerah. Tujuan: Mengidentifikasi daerah kabupaten/provinsi rawan status gizi anak balita, Metode: Analisa GIS denganmenggunakan metode spasial (pengelompokan data dan overlay dengan cara union. Data RISKESDAS 2007. Hasil: Wilayah tingkat tinggi potensi rawan gizi bermasalah (bersumber overlay antara peta sebaran status gizi balita dengan peta sebaran KK miskin  adalah; Kota Tasikmalaya, Kab. Tasikmalaya, Cianjur, Garut, Ciamis, Bandung, Subang dan Majalengka. Wilayah tingkat tinggi berpotensi terkena infeksi penyakit (berdasarkan peta sebaran resiko Infeksi Penyakit dan pemanfaatan posyandu adalah: Kabupaten Purwakarta, Karawang, Bekasi, Bogor, Sukabumi, Tasikmalaya, Kota Tasikmalaya, Bekasi dan Bogor. Wilayah berpotensi rawan gizi kategori tinggi (bersumber pada 4 faktor/peta sebaran meliputi, Kabupaten Cianjur, Garut, Tasikmalaya dan Kota Tasikmalaya. Kasus Gizi bermasalah berdasarkan 3 indeks gabungan menyebar di seluruh wilayah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Wilayah kasus gizi bermasalah kategori tinggi, dan kategori sedang, sebagian besar  terjadi di wilayah Kabupaten. Baik kategori sedang maupun tinggi merupakan wilayah yang berdampingan. Gambaran ini mengarah pada fakta bahwa  masalah gizi cenderung merupakan masalah epidemiologi. Kesimpulan: Terdapat empat wilayah kabupaten status gizi yang paling serius dalam kategori tinggi meliputi, Kabupaten Cianjur, Garut, Tasikmalaya dan Kota Tasikmalaya.  Kata kunci: analisis spasial, status gizi, posyandu, rawan gizi 

  19. Hubungan antara Pembentukan Scar Vaksin BCG dan Kejadian Infeksi Tuberkulosis

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    Fajriah Rosandali

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTuberkulosis adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh kuman Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Orang dewasa yang menderita tuberkulosis sangat mudah menularkan kuman TB kepada orang disekitarnya terutama pada anak-anak. Salah satu cara pencegahan penyakit tuberkulosis adalah pemberian imunisasi BCG pada saat bayi baru lahir. Scar vaksin BCG dapat terbentuk setelah penyuntikan, kadang Scar tidak terbentuk setelah penyuntikan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan antara pembentukan Scar vaksin BCG dan kejadian infeksi tuberkulosis. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan jumlah subjek sebanyak 80 orang. Pengambilan data berupa melakukan pengamatan terhadap Scar pada lengan atas serta wawancara kepada responden dengan menggunakan pedoman wawancara. Kemudian data ditabulasi dalam bentuk persentase dan dianalisis dengan uji chi-square . Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa responden yang terbanyak adalah perempuan dan usia yang terbanyak 35-44 tahun. Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara pembentukan Scar  vaksin BCG dengan kejadian infeksi tuberkulosis (p < 0,05. Disimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh antara pembentukan Scar vaksin BCG terhadap kejadian infeksi tuberkulosis.Kata kunci: tuberkulosis, vaksin BCG, Scar. AbstractTuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the number of sufferers tend to increase every years. Adults who suffer  tuberculosis is very easy to spread it to around, especially to children. One of the way to prevent tuberculosis is immunization of BCG vaccine which given since infant. The Scar of BCG vaccine can formed after injection or not. The objective of this study was to determine the relation of BCG vaccine Scar formation on  the incidence of tuberculosis infection.This research used a cross sectional design with 80 total subjects. The data was collected by observations of the scar on the upper arm while interviewed  respondents using interview guide

  20. EVALUASI KEAMANAN INFORMASI PADA PTI PDAM TIRTA MOEDAL KOTA SEMARANG BERDASARKAN INDEKS KEAMANAN INFORMASI SNI ISO/IEC 27001:2009

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    Diah Restu Wardani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Adanya rencana untuk meningkatkan keamanan informasi sesuai dengan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI. Selain rencana tersebut, ditemukan kurangnya kesadaran dari masing-masing staff PTI PDAM Tirta Moedal Kota Semarang terkait dengan keamanan informasi menyebabkan terjadinya berbagai masalah salah satunya penyalahgunaan wewenang yang dilakukan oleh staff PTI yaitu dengan mengubah sistem operasi yang telah ditetapkan oleh PTI PDAM dan kejadian tersebut berdampak pada proses bisnis. Ditemukan pula bahwa kurangnya pengamanan pada ruang server yang ada di divisi PTI. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi tingkat kelengkapan dan tingkat kematangan keamanan informasi pada divisi PTI serta memberikan rekomendasi perbaikan untuk meningkatkan tingkat kelengkapan dan tingkat kematangan keamanan informasi. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara, dan kuesioner berdasarkan Indeks Keamanan Informasi SNI ISO/IEC 27001:2009 dihasilkan tingkat kelengkapan keamanan informasi sebesar 325 dan tingkat kematangan berada pada tingkat I+ dimana sudah ada pemahaman mengenai perlunya pengelolaan kemanan informasi akan tetapi penerapan langkah pengamanan masih belum teratur. Untuk mencapai tingkat kematangan V dan sesuai dengan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI PTI PDAM Tirta Moedal Kota Semarang dapat melakukan strategi perbaikan secara bertahap. Kata Kunci: Indeks Keamanan Informasi, SNI ISO/IEC 27001:2009, Evaluasi Keamanan Informasi, Tingkat Kelengkapan, Tingkat Kematangan

  1. Faktor Risiko dan Faktor Pencetus yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Asma pada Anak di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

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    Isnaniyah Usman

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAsma merupakan gangguan inflamasi kronik saluran pernafasan yang sering dijumpai pada anak. Penyakit ini memiliki banyak faktor risiko dan faktor pencetus. Beberapa diantara faktor tersebut adalah jenis kelamin, usia, riwayat atopi, makanan, perubahan cuaca, aktivitas, berat badan lahir, status gizi, pemberian ASI dan debu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor risiko dan faktor pencetus yang mempengaruhi kejadian asma pada anak di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Ini adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan desain cross-sectional. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan wawancara pada responden yang telah ditetapkan sebagai subjek penelitian. Subjek penelitian adalah seluruh pasien anak baik rawat jalan maupun rawat inap yang telah didiagnosis asma oleh dokter di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang yang memenuhi kriteria. Penelitian dilakukan dari Februari sampai Maret 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko dan faktor pencetus yang mempengaruhi asma pada anak adalah perubahan cuaca (65,91%, debu (63,64%, jenis kelamin (52,80%, makanan (43,19%, urtikaria pada anak (38,64%, rhinitis pada anak (34,09%, dermatitis atopi pada ibu (31,82%, dermatitis atopi pada anak (29,55%, aktivitas (27,27%, rhinitis pada ibu (22,72%, asma pada ibu (22,72%, urtikaria pada ayah (20,45%, berat badan lahir <2500 gram (15,91% dan status gizi (obesitas 2,28%. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, kejadian asma banyak terjadi pada laki-laki, sebagian besar dipengaruhi oleh perubahan cuaca dan debu, riwayat atopi terbanyak pada anak adalah urtikaria, riwayat atopi terbanyak pada orangtua adalah dermatitis atopi pada ibu dan status gizi serta berat badan lahir pasien sebagian besar normal.Kata kunci: asma pada anak, faktor risiko, faktor pencetus AbstractAsthma is a cronic inflammatory disorder of respiratory tract that is often found in children. It has many risk faktor and inducer. Some of these risk are gender, age, history of atopy, food, climate change

  2. PROFIL RESILIENSI PENDIDIK BERDASARKAN RESILIENCE QUETIENT TEST

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    Prihastuti Prihastuti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran umum profile resiliensi pendidik Fakultas Psikologi Unair mela-lui Resilience Quotient Test (RQ. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah Resilience Quotient Test, yang terdiri 56 item. Resilience Quotient Test memuat 7 faktor, yaitu: emotional regulation, impulse control, emphati, optimism, causal analysis, self-efficacy dan reaching-out. Analisis profile resiliensi dilakukan berdasarkan perbandingan nilai rata-rata dari masing-masing faktor dengan nilai acuan yang sudah ditentukan dalam Resilience Quotient Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 2 faktor berada pada kategori di atas rata-rata (impulse control dan optimism, 3 faktor berada pada kategori rata-rata (empathy, causal analysis dan reaching-out dan 2 faktor berada pada kategori di bawah rata-rata (emotional regulation dan self-efficacy. Dua faktor yang berada pada kategori di atas rata-rata, yaitu impulse control dan optimism belum menunjukkan hasil yang mantap karena tidak didukung oleh faktor lainnya yang berada pada system belief yang sama, yaitu emotional regulation dan self-efficacy. Oleh karena itu, impulse control yang berlawanan dengan emotional regulation serta optimism yang berlawanan dengan self-efficacy perlu dikaji lebih dalam. Kata kunci: profile resiliensi pendidik ______________________________________________________________ EDUCATORS’ RESILIENCE PROFILE BASED ON THE RESILIENCE QUOTIENT TEST Abstract This research aims to obtain an overview of profile resi-lience educators of the Faculty of Psychology Unair through the Resilience Quotient Test (RQ. The instrument used was the Resilience Quotient Test, which comprised 56 items. The test of the Resilience Quotient included seven factors, namely emotional regulation, impulse control, empathy, optimism, cau-sal analysis, self-efficacy and Reaching-out. The analysis of pro-file resilience was based on comparison of the average value of each factor with a predetermined reference

  3. ANALISIS CITRA PERMUKAAN THERMOCHROMIC LIQUID CRYSTAL BERDASARKAN NILAI STATISTIK HUE

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    Risti Suryantari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengamati perbedaan citra pada permukaan Thermocromic Liquid Crystal (TLC R25C5W akibat perubahan temperatur. Metode yang digunakan untuk analisis adalah pengolahan citra berbasis morfologi matematika menggunakan perangkat lunak Matlab2013a. Citra asli yang diperoleh dalam bentuk RGB dikonversi menjadi HSV (hue, saturation, value, dengan mengambil komponen hue saja. Proses utama yang digunakan adalah opening dengan struktur elemen (SE line. Berdasarkan analisis visual pada citra akhir hasil pengolahan citra, tampak bahwa terdapat perbedaan setiap citra untuk berbagai temperatur berdasarkan tingkat kecerahannya. Secara kuantitatif perbedaan tersebut dapat dilihat dari nilai statistiknya. Nilai max dan mean citra hue semakin meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya temperatur.

  4. Rancang Robot Ponyortie Benda Berdasarkan (16 Warna) Berbasis Mikrokontroler

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    Simorangkir, Lyri Martin

    2015-01-01

    Telah dirancang robot penyortir benda berbasis mikrokontroler ATMega8535.Robot ini berfungsi sebagai pemindah benda ringan berdasarkan warna secara otomatis. Secara keseluruhan sistem otomatis ini terdiri dari robot lengan, konveyor statis bidang datar sebagai tempat benda/obyek, dan masing-masing tempat untuk ke-16 warna yang akan disortir. Secara garis besar sistem ini terdiri dari 4 (empat) buah motor servo sebagai aktuator lengan, 1 (satu) buah motor servo sebagai penggerak konyeyor, DT-S...

  5. ANALISIS PELAYANAN KB MANDIRI WANITA USIA SUBUR BERDASARKAN STATUS EKONOMI

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    Selma Siahaan; Siti Isfandari; Rini Sasanti Handayani

    2013-01-01

    Latar belakang: Penggunaan metode keluarga berencana (KB) oleh Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) antara lain dipengaruhi oleh faktor sosial ekonomi. Maka, masalah biaya yang harus dibayar oleh WUS untuk memperoleh pelayanan KB perludi pahami guna keberhasilan program KB Nasional. Metode: Studi menggunakan data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2010, bertujuan untuk mengetahui biaya pelayanan KB yang dibayar oleh perempuan usia 10–59 tahun (WUS) yang pernah kawin menurut metode KB berdasarkan status eko...

  6. MODEL KESESUAIAN APLIKASI UNTUK GOVERNMENT BERDASARKAN BUDAYA ORGANISASI

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    Sri Handayaningsih

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan E-Government pada sebuah Pemda ditopang oleh empat pilar yaitu kebijakan, kerangka peraturan, manajemen perubahan dan kebutuhan masyarakat. Proses bisnis pada dinas di pemda dan kebutuhan masyarakat terhadap dinas, memunculkan aplikasi yang dapat membantu proses bisnis dalam memberikan layanan pada masyarakat dan manajemen dalam internal dinas. Dalam banyak kasus pengembangan aplikasi pada Pemda tidak berdasarkan pada hal-hal seperti  proses bisnis yang dijalankan di dinas, budaya organisasi dan kebutuhan masyarakat sebagai konsumen namun hanya berdasarkan pada kebutuhan personal dan pemberian dari pusat. Hal ini mengakibatkan aplikasi yang dibangun tidak dapat bertahan lama, tidak dapat membantu seluruh kegiatan bisnis utama dinas dan dijalankan tidak sesuai dengan budaya organisasi yang sedang berjalan saat ini di dinas tersebut. Aplikasi yang harus dibangun dan dijalankan adalah 70% untuk kegiatan pelayanan pada masyarakat dan 30% manajemen organisasi. Pembuatan model kesesuai aplikasi pada sebuah dinas berdasarkan pada budaya yang sedang berjalan di dinas. Budaya organisasi yang berjalan saat ini di pemerintah provinsi DIY adalah budaya clan. Dasar dari kesesuaian aplikasi yang berjalan di sebuah dinas adalah rencana strategis jangka menengah (tahun 2009 s.d 2014. Model akan diukur dengan key performance indicator menggunakan acuan pada COBIT 4.1. Harapannya model dapat digunakan pada dinas di Provinsi DIY

  7. KEKERABATAN TEMBAKAU MADURA (Nicotiana tabacum L. BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MOLEKULAR

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    Budi Daryono

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Hasil eksplorasi tembakau Madura di empat kabupaten Madura didapatkan 22 genotip tembakau Madura. Untuk merakit varietas tembakau yang diinginkan terlebih dahulu dilakukan karakterisasi plasma nutfah yang ada.  Karakterisasi berdasarkan karakter molekular merupakan salah satu langkah awal sebelum melakukan perakitan varietas tembakau untuk mengetahui potensi tembakau yang akan digunakan sebagai bahan persilangan. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengidentifikasi variabilitas genetik dan hubungan kekerabatan plasma nutfah tembakau Madura berdasarkan karakter molekular dengan analisis RAPD.     Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa : (1 berdasarkan penanda RAPD menggunakan primer OPB-8, OPC-11,OPF-10, OPA-2 dan OPC-15, dapat membedakan genotip yang mempunyai keragaman geneik besar dan genotip yang mempunyai jarak genetik yang kecil, (2 Hasil dendogram menunjukkan bahwa tembakau Madura terdiri dari dua kluster yaitu kluster A terdiri dari 15 genotip dan Kluster B terdiridari 7 genotip, sedangkan buka busaang dan prancak-95 terpisah dengan tembakau Madura yang lain dengan jarak genetik 0.44 dan 0.50 dan (3  Calon tetua terbaik untuk mendapatkan varietas yang diinginkan adalah buka busaang dan prancak-95.Kata kunci :hubungan kekerabatan, tembakau madura, RAPD

  8. SITUASI VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH SAAT KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB) DI KECAMATAN PASARREBO, JAKARTA TIMUR

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    M. Hasyimi; Supratman Sukowati; Rita Kusriastuti; Enny Muchlastriningsih

    2012-01-01

    Kejadian luar biasa (KLB) penyakit Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) sering terjadi sejak dilaporkan tahun 1968. Pemberantasannya dengan penemuan penderita, pengobatan dan pengendalian vektor. Karena obat dan vaksin belum ditemukan maka sampai saat ini pemberantasan dan pencegahannya masih mengandalkan pada pengendalian vektor. Tujuan dari penelitian vektor ini adalah untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang habitat perkembangbiakan, kepadatan larva dan nyamuk penular DBD pada waktu terjadi KLB serta ti...

  9. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Insomnia di Poliklinik Saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang

    OpenAIRE

    Lydia Susanti

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak Faktor risiko seperti usia lanjut, jenis kelamin wanita, penyakit penyerta (depresi dan penyakit lain), status sosial ekonomi rendah menyebabkan insomnia. Penelitian mengenai prevalensi dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian insomnia di Poliklinik Saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang belum pernah dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya insomnia di poliklinik saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross se...

  10. Angka Kejadian Delirium dan Faktor Risiko di Intensive Care Unit Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

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    Rakhman Adiwinata

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Delirium ditandai dengan perubahan status mental, tingkat kesadaran, serta perhatian yang akut dan fluktuatif. Keadaan ini merupakan kelainan yang serius berhubungan dengan pemanjangan lama perawatan di Intensive Care Unit (ICU, biaya yang lebih tinggi, memperlambat pemulihan fungsional, serta peningkatan morbiditas dan mortalitas. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui angka kejadian delirium dan faktor risiko terjadinya delirium di ICU Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin (RSHS Bandung. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan selama tiga bulan (Januari–Maret 2015 di ICU RSHS Bandung. Metode penelitian ini deskriptif observasional secara kohort prospektif, menggunakan alat ukur Confusion Assessment Method-Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU, sebelumnya dilakukan penilaian dengan Richmond agitation-sedation scale (RASS pada pasien yang tersedasi. Hasil penelitian ini dari 105 pasien, 22 pasien dieksklusikan, dari 83 pasien didapatkan 31 pasien positif delirium, angka kejadian 37%. Faktor-faktor risiko pada pasien positif delirium terdiri atas geriatri 15 dari 31, pemakaian ventilator 12 dari 31, pemberian analgesik morfin 9 dari 31, sepsis atau infeksi 9 dari 31, kelainan jantung 8 dari 31, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE II skor tinggi 8 dari 31, kelainan ginjal 7 dari 31 laboratorium abnormal 7 dari 31, pemberian sedasi midazolam 6 dari 31 kelainan endokrin 5 dari 31, pemberian analgesik fentanil 2 dari 31, dan strok 1 dari 31. Simpulan, angka kejadian delirium di ICU RSHS Bandung cukup tinggi sebesar 37% dengan faktor risiko terbesar adalah pasien geriatrik.

  11. Berpikir Pseudo Penalaran Kovariasi dalam Mengkonstruksi Grafik Fungsi Kejadian Dinamik: Sebuah Analisis Berdasarkan Kerangka Kerja VL2P dan Implikasinya pada Pembelajaran Matematika

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    Subanji Subanji

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the thinking process of pseudo covariational reasoning in constructing graphs of dynamic events. The reasoning is examined using the VL2P framework (Vinner, Lithner, Leron, and Pape. The thinking process of one student taking Calculus II course was analysed, followed with interviews, revealing that at the low level, the pseudo covariational reasoning was close to Vinner’s pseudo analytic; that higher level of reasoning was equal to Lithner’s Establish Experience; that the reasoning was dominantly affected by the first process of Leron’s Dual Process Theory; and that it took place when direct translation was involved consistent with Pape’s Direct Translation Approach. These suggest that process view be emphasized in mathematics teaching and learning.

  12. Hubungan Personal Hygiene Dengan Kejadian Skabies Di Pondok Pendidikan Islam Darul Ulum, Palarik Air Pacah, Kecamatan Koto Tangah Padang Tahun 2013

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    Suci Chairiya Akmal

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPada tahun 2010, penyakit kulit infeksi termasuk 10 penyakit terbanyak di Sumatera Barat dengan 106.568 kasus. Di kota Padang, penyakit kulit infeksi merupakan penyakit nomor dua ternyak dengan 24.058 kasus baru dan 13.148 kasus lama. Kasus infeksi kulit banyak ditemukan di daerah Air Dingin dengan 1781 kasus pada tahun 2010. Skabies merupakan infeksi parasit pada kulit yang disebabkan oleh Sarcoptes Scabei var Hominis. Personal hygiene diduga berperan terhadap skabies. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan personal hygiene dengan kejadian skabies di Pondok Pendidikan Islam Darul Ulum, Palarik, Air Pacah, Padang. Desain penelitian ini adalah analitik cross sectional dengan menggunakan kuisioner dan wawancara observasional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh santri yang bersedia menjadi responden dan hadir pada saat penelitian yaitu 138 orang. Analisis statistik yang dgunakan adalah Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi skabies di Pondok Pendidikan Islam Darul Ulum, Palarik, Air Pacah, Padang adalah 34 orang (24,6% dari 138 orang. Berdasarkan hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa kejadian skabies mempunyai hubungan dengan personal hygiene (P=0,00. Disarankan untuk dilakukan penyuluhan yang bekerja sama dengan dokter puskesmas tentang bagaimana cara pola hidup bersih dan sehat dan menerapkannya dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.Kata kunci: Personal hygiene, SkabiesAbstractArial 9 italic In 2010, infectious skin diseases including 10 most diseases in West Sumatra with 106.568 incident cases. Infectious skin disease in the city of Padang is the second disease ever, that 24.058 new cases and 13.148 old cases. Cases of scabies in the city of Padang is found in Air Dingin with the number 1781 cases in 2010. Scabies is a parasitic infection of the skin caused by Sarcoptes Scabei var Hominis. Personal hygiene is suspected to contribute to the incidence of scabies. This study aimed to determine the relationship

  13. Pengaruh Pemijatan Perineum pada Primigravida terhadap Kejadian Ruptur Perineum saat Persalinan di Bidan Praktek Mandiri di Kota Bengkulu Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Wewet Savitri; Ermawati .; Elda Yusefni

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakRuptur perineum merupakan salah satu komplikasi persalinan kala II yang dapat menyebabkan disfungsi organ reproduksi wanita, perdarahan dan laserasi. Sebanyak 85% wanita melahirkan pervaginam dapat mengalami ruptur perineum. Salah satu cara mengurangi ruptur perineum adalah dengan melakukan pemijatan perineum untuk meningkatkan kesehatan, aliran darah dan elastisitas perineum. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan pengaruh pemijatan perineum pada primigravida terhadap kejadian ...

  14. IDENTIFIKASI FITUR MELODI GENDING LANCARAN BERDASARKAN PENGENALAN POLA NOTASI

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    Arry Maulana Syarif

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Komposisi   gending   mempunyai   karakteristik   tersendiri. Terdapat kemiripan dalam rangkaian notasi di antara gending- gending. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pola notasi gending berdasarkan kemiripan antar-atributnya. Pasangan notasi ditentukan sebagai dasar analisis, dan algoritma apriori digunakan untuk menganalisis pasangan notasi dari sampel gending lancaran. Hasil yang dicapai dapat memetakan  dan  mengidentifikasi,  serta  memberikan  bobot nilai   ideal   untuk   merangkai   pasangan   notasi,   hingga merangkai gatra (1 gatra terdiri dari 4 notasi. Kata Kunci :pola notasi, apriori, gamelan, gending

  15. PENYEBAB KEJADIAN ANEMIA IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS SEBERANG PADANG KOTA PADANG

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    Mery Ramadani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Penyebab langsung kematian ibu paling banyak disebabkan oleh perdarahan. Pengalaman membuktikan bahwa kematian ibu karena perdarahan lebih sering terjadi pada para ibu yang menderita anemia. Tahun 2010 prevalensi anemia ibu hamil di Puskesmas Seberang Padang Kota sebesar 28,6%, lebih tinggi dari target nasional (20%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat pengetahuan, paritas, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi tablet Fe dengan kejadian anemia pada ibu hamil di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Seberang Padang Kota Padang. Desain penelitian menggunakan cross sectional study, dengan populasi seluruh ibu hamil trimester I s/d III. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik accidental Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan 76,1% ibu hamil menderita anemia. Didapatkan hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan, paritas dan konsumsi tablet Fe dengan kejadian anemia. Diperlukan upaya peningkatan pengetahuan mengenai anemia melalui diskusi dengan petugas kesehatan maupun melalui pemanfaatan media cetak dan elektronik (membaca buku, koran dan majalah terkait kesehatan. Ibu hamil juga disarankan untuk mengkonsumsi tablet Fe secara lengkap (90 tablet selarna kehamilan, diminum bersamaan dengan vitamin C atau dengan air putih saja setelah makan malam menjelang tidur.

  16. RISIKO PENDIDIKAN IBU TERHADAP KEJADIAN STUNTING PADA ANAK 6-23 BULAN

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    Atikah Rahayu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTMalnutrition constributes to underlying cause of death of Indonesian underfives chilren. One of the consequences of malnutrition in long time period is growth failure that is stunting. Low education of mother is important risk factor for stunting. The aimed of study was to confirm wether maternal education for child stunting in Banjarbaru. Crossectional design was implied to and 51 children aged 6-23 months old were enrolled in study, which run for three months in the year 2013. Maternal education was calculated by year complete of schooling and stunting was by z-score of height for age. Statistical test for data analysis used chi-square test with 95% confidence interval (CI. Result showed that there a significant association (p<0.05 between maternal education and incidence of stunting in children 6-23 months of age. Mother with low education level had 5,1 fold risk to have child stunting. The study confirmed that maternal education had an important risk to child stunting aged 6-23 months old at least in the study site.Keywords: children 6-23 months of age, maternal education, stuntingABSTRAKKekurangan gizi menjadi salah satu penyebab kematian balita di Indonesia. Konsekuensi kurang zat gizi dalam jangka waktu lama adalah gagal tumbuh. Pendidikan ibu yang rendah merupakan factor risiko yang penting pada pertumbuhan anak. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengkaji risiko tingkat pendidikan ibu dengan kejadian stunting pada anak berumur 6-23 bulan. Desain penelitian adalah cross-sectional dengan besar sampel 51 anak berumur 6-23 bulan. Penelitian dilakukan selama 3 bulan di Cempaka, Banjarbaru tahun 2013. Tingkat pendidikan ibu ditentukan dengan pendidikan formal yang telah diselesaikan, stunting ditentukan dengan indikator z-score untuk panjang badan menurut umur. Data dianalisis dengan uji chi-square dengan confidance interval (CI 95%. Pada penelitian ini ditemukan hubungan yang bermakna (p<0.05 antara pendidikan ibu dengan kejadian stunting pada

  17. ANALISIS PELAYANAN KB MANDIRI WANITA USIA SUBUR BERDASARKAN STATUS EKONOMI

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    Selma Siahaan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Penggunaan metode keluarga berencana (KB oleh Wanita Usia Subur (WUS antara lain dipengaruhi oleh faktor sosial ekonomi. Maka, masalah biaya yang harus dibayar oleh WUS untuk memperoleh pelayanan KB perludi pahami guna keberhasilan program KB Nasional. Metode: Studi menggunakan data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2010, bertujuan untuk mengetahui biaya pelayanan KB yang dibayar oleh perempuan usia 10–59 tahun (WUS yang pernah kawin menurut metode KB berdasarkan status ekonomi yang bersangkutan. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, analisis bivariat dengan uji statistik chi-square. Hasil: Alat/obat KB disposible terbanyak yang digunakan WUS dari semua golongan status ekonomi adalah metode KB suntik, sedangkan kondom terbanyak digunakan oleh WUS dengan status ekonomi atas banyak. Sekitar 50% WUS dengan status ekonomi (SE rendah membayar biaya pelayanan KB berkisar Rp.10.000–Rp.15.000. Sementara itu WUS dengan SE atas terbanyak membayar sekitar > Rp. 20.000. Terdapat korelasi signifikan antara metode KB dengan biaya dan status ekonomi. Kesimpulan: Metode suntik masih merupakan metode pilihan bagi WUS di Indonesia dan pemilihan metode KB oleh WUS berhubungan dengan status ekonomi mereka. Oleh karena itu promosi kesehatan perlu terus digalakkan agar program KB pemerintah dengan IUD dapat lebih dikenal dan dapat diterima masyarakat. Di samping itu, diperlukan kebijakan khusus (bantuan kepada WUS dengan status ekonomi rendah sehingga IUD dapat diperoleh secara gratis atau setidaknya dengan biaya yang terjangkau.

  18. PERAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP KEJADIAN BALITA PENDEK DI INDONESIA (THE CONTEXTUAL ROLE OF OCCURRENCE STUNTED ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE IN INDONESIA)

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    Sihadi Suhadi; Sri Poedji Hastoeti

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Prevalensi anak balita pendek di Indonesia sebesar 36,8 persen. Anak yang balita pendek yang berat mempunyai IQ 11 point lebih rendah dibandingkan anak balita yang tidak pendek. Analisis ini mencari faktor penyebab anak balita pendek dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap terjadinya balita pendek. Tujuan: Diketahui faktor penyebab dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap kejadian balita pendek. Metodologi: Data yang digunakan bersumber...

  19. POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN, AKTIVITAS FISIK, RIWAYAT PENYAKIT, RIWAYAT DEMENSIA KELUARGA, DAN KEJADIAN DEMENSIA PADA LANSIA DI PANTI WERDHA TRESNA BOGOR

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    Chairunnisa Utami Pratiwi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objective of this study were to analyze the patterns of food consumption, physical activity, history of disease, family history of dementia, and incidence of dementia in elderly in Werdha Tresna, nursing home, Bogor. Research design was cross sectional study with 42 elderly as subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlation between the level of education, adequacy of level vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, history of diabetes and physical activity with incidence of dementia in elderly (p<0.05. There were no significant correlation between age, adequacy of level folic acid, history of hypertension, and family history of dementia with incidence of dementia in elderly (p>0.05.Keywords: cognitive, dementia, memory, patterns of consumption, physical activityABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan, aktivitas fisik, riwayat penyakit, riwayat demensia keluarga, dan kejadian demensia pada lansia di Panti Werdha Tresna, Bogor. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak 42 lansia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara tingkat pendidikan, tingkat kecukupan vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, riwayat penyakit diabetes mellitus, dan aktivitas fisik dengan kejadian demensia pada lansia (p<0.05. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara usia, tingkat kecukupan asam folat, riwayat hipertensi, dan riwayat demensia keluarga dengan kejadian demensia pada lansia (p>0.05.Kata kunci: aktivitas fisik, demensia, kognitif, memori, pola konsumsi

  20. Hubungan Berbagai Faktor Risiko Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Jantung Koroner Pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

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    Fadma Yuliani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenyebab mortalitas dan morbiditas utama pada pasien diabetes mellitus (DM tipe 2 adalah penyakit jantung koroner (PJK dimana penderitanya dua sampai empat kali lebih berisiko terkena penyakit jantung dari pada non DM. Mekanisme terjadinya PJK pada DM tipe 2 dikaitkan dengan adanya aterosklerosis yang dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan berbagai faktor risiko terhadap kejadian PJK pada penderita DM tipe 2. Penelitian dilaksanakan di RSUP. Dr. M. Djamil Padang dan RS. Khusus Jantung Sumbar pada bulan Maret-Agustus 2013. Penelitian bersifat analitik dengan desain cross sectional comparative. Jumlah sampel 176 orang yang terdiri dari 88 orang penderita DM dengan PJK dan 88 orang DM tanpa PJK. Pengolahan data dilakukan dengan uji chi-square menggunakan sistem komputerisasi. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian PJK pada penderita DM tipe 2 adalah jenis kelamin (p=0,000, lama menderita DM (p=0,043, hipertensi (p=0,007, dislipidemia (p=0,000, obesitas (p=0,023, dan merokok (p=0,000. Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan yang sangat bermakna (p<0,0001 antara jenis kelamin, dislipidemia, dan merokok dengan kejadian PJK pada penderita DM tipe 2 dan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna (p<0,05 antara lama menderita DM, hipertensi, obesitas dengan kejadian PJK pada penderita DM tipe 2.Kata kunci: DM tipe 2, PJK, faktor risikoAbstractThe main causes of mortality and morbidity in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM patients is coronary heart disease (CHD which adults who suffer from DM are two to four times have the risk of heart disease than people without DM. The mechanism of CHD in DM is associated with the presence of atherosclerosis that influenced by various factors. This research has aims to determine the relationship of risk factors for CHD incident in patients with DM. The study was conducted in the Dr. M. Djamil Padang and Cardiac Hospital of West Sumatra from March to August

  1. TIPE-TIPE KALIMAT PASIF MURNI DALAM BAHASA JEPANG BERDASARKAN KATEGORI DAN PERAN SEMANTISNYA

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    Dedi Sutedi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Kalimat pasif bahasa Jepang (BJ selama ini dipilah hanya berdasarkan fungsi dan kategori sintaksisnya sementara peran semantisnya kurang mendapat perhatian. Akibatnya, masih tersisa permasalahan seperti adanya beberapa kalimat pasif yang satu berterima sementara yang lain tidak, padahal fungsi dan kategori sintaksisnya sama. Penelitian ini mencoba menelaah kalimat pasif BJ dari segi fungsi, kategori, dan juga peran semantisnya, terutama kalimat pasif murni. Dari hasil analisis data diketahui bahwa berdasarkan fungsi dan kategorinya struktur pasif murni ada tiga macam struktur (A, B, C, sedangkan berdasarkan peran semantisnya dapat dipilah ke dalam delapan tipe (I sampai VIII. Subjek dan pelengkap pasif tipe I harus diisi oleh nomina bernyawa yang masing-masing berperan objective dan agentive; tipe II-V, tipe VII, dan VIII subjeknya diisi oleh nomina tidak bernyawa dan pelengkapnya diisi oleh nomina bernyawa yang keberterimaannya ditentukan oleh peran semantis dan tipe verbanya; dan dalam pasif tipe VI baik subjek maupun pelengkap diisi oleh nomina tidak bernyawa.

  2. Delineasi Model Tentatif Sistem Geotermal dan Interpretasi Komprehensif Berdasarkan Analisis Geofisika, Geokimia, dan Geologi

    OpenAIRE

    Makhrani, Makhrani

    2013-01-01

    Telah didelineasi model tentatif sistem geothermal berdasarkan interpretasi komprehensif dari analisis geofisika, geokimia dan geologi yang dapat memperlihatkan lebih jauh tentang sistem geothermal di daerah penelitian. Analisis geofisika dilakukan untuk zonasi bawah permukaan (overburden, claycap dan reservoar) dan penentuan fasa fluida reservoar. Pola aliran hidrotermal bawah permukaan ditentukan dari analisis geofisika dan geokimia, didukung oleh analisis geologi. D...

  3. Perbandingan Konsumsi Lemak Berdasarkan Tingkat Keparahan Akne Vulgaris pada Siswa SMK Negeri 1 Kota Jambi

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    Nisa Sulistia; Nur Indrawati Lipoeto; Sri Lestari

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak Salah satu faktor pencetus akne vulgaris adalah diet tinggi lemak, terutama lemak jenuh. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbandingan konsumsi lemak berdasarkan tingkat keparahan akne vulgaris menurut kriteria Lehmann. Penelitian ini berupa studi analitik observasional dengan desain cross sectional melalui pemeriksaan statusdermatologikus menurut kriteria Lehmann dan pengambilan data konsumsi menggunakan FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) pada 138 siswa kelas X dan XI SM...

  4. Hubungan Lingkungan Fisik dan Tindakan Penduduk dengan Kejadian ISPA pada Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Lubuk

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    Irma Suryani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAngka kematian akibat infeksi saluran pernapasan akut (ISPA di negara berkembang sebanyak 20% dimana 1/3 - 1/2 merupakan kematian pada balita. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan lingkungan fisik berupa ventilasi, pencahayaan alami, kelembaban rumah, kepadatan hunian rumah dan tindakan penduduk yang meliputi kebiasaan merokok dalam rumah, kebiasaan buka jendela dan penggunaan bahan bakar rumah tangga dengan kejadian ISPA pada balita. Penelitian ini merupakan studi analitik dengan desain cross sectional, yang dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lubuk Buaya Padang pada bulan Desember 2013 dengan jumlah sampel 106 ibu yang mempunyai balita. Sampel diambil secara simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data dari responden dilakukan menggunakan kuesioner dan lembaran observasi. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi square dengan p<0.05 dan 0.0kejadian ISPA pada balita, sedangkan kelembaban rumah tidak ada hubungan dengan kejadian ISPA pada balita.Kata kunci: ISPA balita, lingkungan fisik, tindakan pendudukAbstractThe mortality rate due to Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI in developing countries is about 20% which is 1/3-1/2 is the death of the children under five years old. The objective of this research was to determined the correlation between the physical environment which include the ventilation, the natural lighting, the house humidity, the density of residential house, and community behavior which include the habitual of smoking at house, the habitual of window open and household fuel use with the incidence of ARI on children under five years old. This research is an analytical study with cross

  5. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Insomnia di Poliklinik Saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang

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    Lydia Susanti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Faktor risiko seperti usia lanjut, jenis kelamin wanita, penyakit penyerta (depresi dan penyakit lain, status sosial ekonomi rendah menyebabkan insomnia. Penelitian mengenai prevalensi dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian insomnia di Poliklinik Saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang belum pernah dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya insomnia di poliklinik saraf RS DR. M. Djamil Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross sectional. Jumlah sampel dihitung menggunakan rumus yang dikembangkan oleh Snedecor & Cochran dan didapatkan jumlah sampel 100 orang. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara acakdimana pasien yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi langsung menjadi sampel penelitian. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner dan beberapa skala, Insomnia Severity Index, dan Beck depression inventory scale. Data dikumpulkan dari t 1 Juli sampai 31 Agustus 2013. Data ditampilkan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi dan dilakukan analisis bivariatdan multivariat.  Kejadian Insomnia dialami oleh 38% (38 orang pasien yang berkunjung ke poliklinik saraf RS DR. M.Djamil Padang dengan jenis kelamin terbanyak pada wanita 24(45,3% dan pada kelompok umur  61-70 tahun (3,3%. Insomnia berhubungan dengan depresi (p= 0,00 dan tidak berhubungan dengan umur (p=0,472, jenis kelamin (p=0,111, status ekonomi (p=0,075, riwayat insomnia di keluarga (p=0,197. Depresi (p=0,00; OR=9,20 dan nyeri  kronik (p=0,031; OR=4.253 merupakan faktor yang dominan berhubungan dengan kejadian Insomnia. Kata Kunci: insomnia, tidur, insomnia severity index, beck depression inventory scaleAbstract A number of risk factors such as advanced age, female gender, co-morbidities (such as depression and other diseases, low socioeconomic status causes insomnia. Research on the frequency of insomnia in DR. M. Djamil hospital Padang has never been done. The objective of this study was to determine the factors that influence the incidence

  6. Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Askariasis dan Trikuriasis pada Siswa SD N 29 Purus Padang

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    Hildya Kusmi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Prevalensi infeksi kecacingan masih tinggi terutama pada anak usia sekolah dasar. Cacing yang sering menginfeksi yaitu Ascaris lumbricoides dan Trichuris trichiura. Infeksi ini erat kaitannya dengan masalah lingkungan, perilaku manusia dan manipulasi terhadap lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian adalah menentukan hubungan sanitasi lingkungan rumah yaitu kepemilikan jamban keluarga yang sehat, ketersediaan sumber air bersih, sarana pembuangan sampah dan jenis lantai rumah dengan kejadian askariasis dan trikuriasis. Ini adalah penelitian analitikdengan desain cross-sectional study. Jumlah populasi sebanyak 71 orang dengan jumlah subjek sebanyak 55 orang.Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pemeriksaan tinja dan kuesioner. Metode analisis data menggunakan uji chisquare.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase infeksi kecacinganpada siswa SD Negeri 29 Purus Padang adalah 38%, terdiri dari; infeksi Ascaris lumbricoides (33%, Trichuris trichiura (9,1% dan infeksi kedua spesies (3,6%. Hasil uji chi-square menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara kepemilikan jamban keluarga, ketersediaan sumber air bersih, kepemilikan sarana pembuangan sampah dan jenis lantai rumah dengan angka kejadian askariasis dan trikuriasis (p > 0,05. Masih tingginya infeksi kecacingan pada siswa sekolah dasar perluperhatian yang lebih baik misalnya diadakannya program pemberantasan kecacingan baik oleh sekolah maupun petugas kesehatan setempat.Kata kunci: infeksi kecacingan, sanitasi lingkungan, askariasis, trikuriasis Abstract Prevalence of worms infestation is still high, especially found among children at the elementary school age. Type of worms that often infect are Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura. The infection is  related to envi ronment issues, human behavior and manipulation of the environment.  The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between environmental sanitation of home, consist of latrine ownership, availability of

  7. SITUASI VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH SAAT KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB DI KECAMATAN PASARREBO, JAKARTA TIMUR

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    M. Hasyimi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Kejadian luar biasa (KLB penyakit Demam berdarah dengue (DBD sering terjadi sejak dilaporkan tahun 1968. Pemberantasannya dengan penemuan penderita, pengobatan dan pengendalian vektor. Karena obat dan vaksin belum ditemukan maka sampai saat ini pemberantasan dan pencegahannya masih mengandalkan pada pengendalian vektor. Tujuan dari penelitian vektor ini adalah untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang habitat perkembangbiakan, kepadatan larva dan nyamuk penular DBD pada waktu terjadi KLB serta tipe virus yang dikandung vektornya. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Pasar Rebo, Jakarta Timur selama tiga bulan yaitu Juni sampai dengan Agustus 2003. Penelitian entomologi dilakukan merujuk kepada alamat penderita rawat inap yang bertempat tinggal di Kecamatan Pasar Rebo. Diagnosa penderita dilakukan dengan uji Hemagglutination inhibition (HI terhadap 24 akut konvalesen sera penderita yang diambil dari Rumah Sakit Pasar Rebo. Basil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa index larva sebagai berikut House index (HI 22,6%; Container index (Cl 11,4% dan Breuteau index (Bl 30,3. Kontainer yang positif larva yang berada di dalam rumah 12, 7% dari 387 kontainer. Sementara yang berada di luar rumah 3,1% dari 65 kontainer. Angka bebas jentik (ABJ di daerah KLB kurang dari 95%. Hasil uji HI sera penderita menunjukkan 70,8% dari pasangan sera yang diperiksa, terinfeksi oleh virus dengue.

  8. Proses Scaffolding Berdasarkan Diagnosis Kesulitan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Masalah Program Linear dengan Menggunakan Mapping Mathematic

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    Mustaqim Mustaqim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis kesulitan merupakan hal yang lebih penting bagi guru dalam mengajar. Dengan melakukan diagnosis, guru dapat mengetahui di bagian mana siswa mengalami kesulitan dan kemudian memberikan alternatif solusi tepat. Diagnosis bisa dilakukan dengan menggunakan mapping mathe-matic. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI Program Agribisnis Ternak Ruminansia SMKN I Maesan Bondowoso sebanyak 6 siswa yang dipilih berdasarkan kesalahan dalam tes diagnosis dan kemampuan komunikasi. Data penelitian ini adalah hasil karya siswa, rekaman selama tes dan proses scaffolding, catatan penting, dan lembaran scaffolding. Akumulasi data dilakukan dengan uji teknik, wawancara, dan memberikan scaffolding. Pemberian scaffolding dalam penelitian ini seperti dalam strategi scaffolding yang dinyatakan oleh Anghilery. Aktivitas analisis data adalah langkah reduksi data, langkah penyajian data, dan langkah kesimpulan data. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa pemberian scaffolding di bagian sulit yang dialami siswa dapat mengurangi/menghilangkan kesulitan siswa.Kata kunci: diagnosis, mapping mathematic, scaffolding

  9. Peningkatan Efektifitas Mesin Blowing Berdasarkan Evaluasi Overall Equipment Effectiveness dan FMEA pada Industri Manufaktur Plastik

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    Simorangkir, Hendra

    2015-01-01

    CV. Makmur Palas adalah perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang pembuatan kantong plastik asoy. Perusahaan ini melakukan kegiatan produksi dengan menggunakan beberapa mesin yaitu mesin pencincang, mesin boker, mesin mixer, mesin blowing, mesin potong, dan mesin pon. Kapasitas mesin yang paling kecil adalah mesin blowing. Berdasarkan data historis periode Januari - Desember 2014, mesin blowing mengalami downtime sebesar 885,15 jam dari total jam kerja tersedia 4.144 jam. Hal ini menyebabkan perusaha...

  10. PERBEDAAN AUDIT REPORT LAG BERDASARKAN KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK, OPINI AUDIT DAN JENIS INDUSTRI

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    Lensa, Harini Antika Puspa

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan pada perusahaan-perusahaan yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia tahun 2010 sampai tahun 2012. Berdasarkan kriteria sampel penelitian diperoleh 362 perusahaan. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah independent sample t-test dan one way anova. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan audit report lag antara perusahaan yang diaudit oleh Kantor Akuntan Publik Big Four dengan audit report lag perusahaan yang diaudit oleh Kantor Akuntan Publik Non Big Fo...

  11. TIPE-TIPE KALIMAT PASIF MURNI DALAM BAHASA JEPANG BERDASARKAN KATEGORI DAN PERAN SEMANTISNYA

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    Dedi Sutedi

    2013-01-01

    Kalimat pasif bahasa Jepang (BJ) selama ini dipilah hanya berdasarkan fungsi dan kategori sintaksisnya sementara peran semantisnya kurang mendapat perhatian. Akibatnya, masih tersisa permasalahan seperti adanya beberapa kalimat pasif yang satu berterima sementara yang lain tidak, padahal fungsi dan kategori sintaksisnya sama. Penelitian ini mencoba menelaah kalimat pasif BJ dari segi fungsi, kategori, dan juga peran semantisnya, terutama kalimat pasif murni. Dari hasil analisis data diketahui...

  12. Perancangan Kursi Dan Meja Berdasarkan Antropometri Pada Sekolah Sd Siti Hajar

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    Siregar, Ramadhani

    2016-01-01

    Meja dan kursi merupakan fasilitas sekolah yang berpengaruh terhadap sikap duduk siswa saat belajar. Postur tubuh siswa akan bekerja secara alami jika menggunakan meja dan kursi yang ergonomis. Sebaliknya, jika meja dan kursi tidak ergonomis maka akan menimbulkan ketidaknyamanan sehingga menyebabkan keluhan musculoskeletal pada siswa. Berdasarkan pengamatan di Sekolah Dasar Siti Hajar, meja dan kursi yang digunakan memiliki ukuran yang sama mulai dari kelas I sampai dengan kelas VI, sedan...

  13. PEMODELAN STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN DAERAH SUMBER AIR PANAS SONGGORITI KOTA BATU BERDASARKAN DATA GEOMAGNETIK

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    Dafiqiy Ya’lu Ulin Nuha, Novi Avisena

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian dengan metode geomagnetik pada tanggal 26 -27 April 2011 di daerah Songgoriti Kota Batu dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pola Anomali Magnet Total dan struktur geologi bawah permukaan. Setelah dilakukan koreksi data yang meliputi koreksi diurnal dan koreksi IGRF maka didapatkan nilai anomali magnet total serta kontinuasi ke atas dan reduksi ke kutub. Selanjutnya dilakukan interpretasi secara kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Interpretasi kuantitatif dilakukan dengan membaca pola kontur anomali magnet lokal dan reduksi ke kutub, sedangkan interpretasi kualitatif dilakukan dengan membuat penampang 2,5 D pada dua lintasan AB dan CD. Berdasarkan interpretasi kuantitatif pada kontur anomali  magnetik lokal didapatkan variasi nilai anomali antara -800 nT-600 nT dengan anomali tinggi terdapat pada arah timur dan barat daerah penelitian, anomali sedang terletak pada daerah tengah penelitian dan anomali rendah terdapat pada sedikit   daerah   tengah   penelitian.   Daerah   penelitian   didominasi   anomali   magnetik   sedang. Berdasarkan interpretasi kualitatif pada model penampang 2,5 D lintasan AB dan CD, didapatkan tujuh body yaitu batuan tufa, batuan tufa, batuan breksi vulkanik, batuan breksi tufaan, batuan lava, batuan basalt, dan batuan andesit. Berdasarkan sifat fisik dari tiap lapisan batuan, diduga batuan sarang dalam sistem geothermal yang berupa sumber air panas di daerah penelitian adalah batuan breksi vulkanik dengan batuan penutup (cap rock berupa batuan tufa. Kata Kunci : Anomali Magnet, Struktur Geologi, Air Panas.

  14. Memori English Irregular Verbs Berdasarkan Frekuensi Pengulangan dan Jenis Kelamin Santri

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    H. Sribagus

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Retention of English Irregular Verbs in Relation to Repetition Frequency and Sex. The study explores the most effective and preferred repetition frequency to facilitate memorizing English ir­regular verbs (EIV by students of different sexes, 35 male students and 30 female students of an Islamic boarding school in West Nusa Tenggara. The data for this experimental study were collected through VCD that records EIV, tests, questionnaires, and interviews. The results of the two-way ANOVA analysis indicate that male students had a higher degree of EIV memory based on repetition frequency, with two-time repetition as the most preferred frequency. For male students, the higher the frequency, the lower the memory. Abstrak: Memori English Irregular Verbs Berdasarkan Frekuensi Pengulangan dan Jenis Kelamin Santri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan frekuensi pengulangan yang efektif dan disukai untuk meningkatkan memori EIV berdasarkan jenis kelamin. Data penelitian eksperimen ini dikumpulkan melalui video compact disk (VCD yang merekam English Irregular Verb, tes, angket dan wawancara terhadap 35 santri putra dan 30 santri putri di pondok pesantren di Nusa Tenggara Barat. Kemudian data dianalisis dengan Anava-dua Jalur. Ditemukan bahwa ada perbedaan taraf memori EIV berdasarkan frekuensi pengulangan antara santri putra dan santri putriMemori EIV santri putra lebih tinggi daripada santri putri. Frekuensi pengulangan yang paling efektif adalah dua kali. Semakin tinggi frekuensi pengulangan, semakin rendah memori. Urutan pilihan frekuensi santri putra adalah 2-4-6, sedangkan santri putri 2-6-4.

  15. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman Tahun 2010-2013

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    Dhia Afra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakFilariasis adalah penyakit menular menahun yang disebabkan oleh cacing filaria dan ditularkan oleh nyamuk Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex, Armigeres. Banyak faktor risiko yang mampu memicu timbulnya kejadian filariasis. Beberapa diantaranya adalah jenis kelamin, usia, pekerjaan, faktor lingkungan, perilaku. Kabupaten Padang Pariaman bukan salah satu 5 kabupaten daerah endemis filariasis namun merupakan kabupaten yang banyak ditemukan kasus baru filariasis di Sumatera Barat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi case control yang merupakan penelitian epidemiologis analitik observasional yang bersifat retrospektif. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 63 responden, terdiri dari 21 kasus dan 42 kontrol. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil uji statistik chi-square menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara umur dengan kejadian filariasis dengan nilai p= 0,013,tetapi tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara jenis kelamin, pekerjaan(nilai p= 0,071, OR=3,800, 95% CI=0,938-15,398, tempat perindukan, pengetahuan (nilai p= 1,000, OR=1,135, 95% CI=0,336-3,835, sikap dan tindakan. Mengingat umur sangat erat hubungannya dengan pekerjaan, maka perlu ada penyuluhan dari petugas kesehatan bagaimana melindungi diri saat bekerja seperti menggunakan baju berlengan panjang dan celana panjang, serta menggunakan obat anti nyamuk.Kata kunci: filariasis, umur, pekerjaan, tempat perindukan, perilaku AbstractFilariasis is a chronic communicable disease caused by filarial worms and transmitted by mosquitoes Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex, Armigeres. Many risk factors are able to prevalence of filariasis. Some of them are gender, age, occupation, environmental factors and behavioral. Pariaman District is not one of the 5 districts of filariasis endemic areas but a lot of new case have been identify in West Sumatra. This was a case control study which is an analytic observational epidemiological studies. The

  16. Kejadian Infeksi Luka Episiotomi Dan Pola Bakteri Pada Persalinan Normal Di RSUP.H.Adam Malik Dan RSUD. Dr. Pirngadi Medan

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    Sim Romi

    2009-01-01

    Tujuan : untuk memberikan informasi mengenai kejadian infeksi luka episiotomi dan pola bakteri pada persalinan normal di RSUP. H. Adam Malik dan RSUD. Dr. Pirngadi Medan, serta hasil uji kepekaan terhadap berbagai jenis antibiotika dari bakteri yang ditemukan. Rancangan Penelitian : Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan rancangan observasional dengan pendekatan potong lintang (cross sectional) yang dilakukan pada semua ibu yang melahirkan normal di kamar bersalin RSUP. H. Adam Malik da...

  17. BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD DI KELURAHAN PLOSO KECAMATAN PACITAN TAHUN 2009

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    Widia Eka Wati

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT At the present, the Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF is one of health problem In Indonesia.In 2008, The Incident of DHF in Ploso village have 37 cases. From 15 villages, Ploso village isincluding area with highest DHF case in Puskesmas Tanjungsari area. This research purpose is to know some factors related to with incident DHF in Ploso village, Pacitan subdistric in 2009. Type of research is observational research with using survey and interview method which the approach research is a cross sectional study. Amount of Samples are 75 housewives. The Sampling technique uses a Simple Random Sampling. The data is Collected with interview and live monitoring at container. The data is analyzed with Chi Square test at level confident 95% which SPSS program version 14.0 analyzes the data. The conclusion represents that existence of mosquito Aedes aegypti larva at container (p=0,001, hanging clothes (p=0,001, container cover availability (p=0,001, frequency of cleaning the container (p=0,027, knowledge of respondent about DHF (p=0,030 have connected to incident of DHF in Ploso village, Pacitan subdistric in 2009. The suggestion to the people that the 3 M plus activity more intensively to decrease the number of DHF spreading. Thus, the community must reduce of  clothes hanging habit. Keyword : Incident DHF, Environment factor, Knowledge, Housewives. ABSTRAK Sampai saat ini penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD masih merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia. Kejadian DBD di Kelurahan Ploso tahun 2008 sebanyak 37 kasus. Dari 15 desa, Kelurahan Ploso termasuk daerah dengan kasus paling tinggi di wilayah kerjaPuskesmas Tanjungsari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui beberapa faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian demam berdarah dengue di Kelurahan Ploso Kecamatan Pacitan tahun 2009. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasi dengan menggunakan metode survei danwawancara dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Sampel dalam

  18. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Pre Eklampsi pada Kehamilan di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam Tahun 2012

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    Dessy Hasmawati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPre eklampsi merupakan komplikasi kehamilan dan persalinan yang ditandai dengan peningkatan tekanan darah, protein urin, dan oedema, kadang disertai komplikasi sampai koma. Keadaan ini akan membawa dampak buruk bagi ibu dan janin bahkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktoryang berhubungan antara ibu hamil dengan kejadian pre eklampsi di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam Tahun 2012 yang meliputi usia ibu, usia kehamilan, paritas, dan penyakit penyerta. Jenis penelitian menggunakan penelitian kuantitatif yang bersifat analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan april 2013. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah ibu hamil yang berkunjung di RSUD Embung Patimah Kota Batam, pengambilan sampel dengan total sampling yaitu semua ibu hamil yang pre eklampsi sebanyak 173 orang dan ibu hamil yang tidak mengalami pre eklampsi sebanyak 173 orang. Data yang digunakan adalah sekunder dari register dan rekam medic dengan menggunakan cheklis kemudian dilakukan tabulasi dan dianalisis secara univariat dan bivariat. Hasil penelitian didapatkan dari 50% ibu hamil dengan pre eklampsi. Ada hubungan usia ibu, paritas, dan penyakit penyerta dengan kejadian pre eklampsi. Tidak ada hubungan usia kehamilan dengan kejadian pre eklampsi. Dari penelitian ini dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa ada beberapa faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian pre eklampsi oleh karena itu perlukan adanya upaya preventif menegakan kemungkinan pre eklampsi secara dini dengan meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas Ante Natal Care serta menghindari terjadinya eklampsi melalui pengorbanan pre eklampsi dengan intensif.Kata kunci: Pre eklampsi, kehamilan, faktor-faktorAbstractPre eclampsia is a complication of pregnancy and childbirth which is characterized by increased blood pressure, urine protein, and edema, sometimes accompanied by complications to coma. This situation will bring adverse effects to the mother and fetus and even death

  19. BIONOMIK NYAMUK Anopheles DAN KEBIASAAN PENDUDUK YANG MENUNJANG KEJADIAN MALARIA DI KECAMATAN PAGEDONGAN KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA TAHUN 2005

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    Jarohman Raharjo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Malaria masih merupakan masalah kesehatan global termasuk di Indonesia. Kabupaten Banjarnegara merupakan salah satu kabupaten di Jawa Tengah yang mempunyai masalah malaria cukup serius. Sampai dengan tahun 2002 telah tercatat 86 desa endemis dari 276 desa yang ada, sedangkan 175 desa terancam menjadi daerah HCI (High Case lncidens, jumlah penderita malaria pada tahun 2001 sebanyak 6.793 orang (API: 7,47%o meningkat menjadi 13.401 orang (API: 15,33%o pada tahun 2002 dan 90,2% dari kasus penderita indigenous.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui bionomik nyamuk anopheles dan kebiasaan penduduk yang menunjang kejadian malaria di lokasi penelitian.Penelitian ini termasuk dalam jenis penelitian deskriptif, karena menggambarkan bionomik nyamuk vektor dan kebiasaan penduduk. Penelitian ini bertempat di Kecamatan Pagedongan, KabupatenBanjarnegara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah dilaksanakan pada bulan Februari Nopember 2005.Tempat berkembangbiak Anopheles spp positif adalah kobakan air (belik dan bekas galian pasir disungai dan mata air. Kebiasaan nyamuk Anopheles spp menggigit orang di dalam dan di luar rumah hampir sama banyaknya. Terjadi peningkatan jumlah nyamuk yang tajam pada bulan September. Aktivitas menggigit di dalam rumah dimulai pada pukul 18.00-19.00. Sedangkan aktivitas menggigit di luar rumah meningkat pada pukul 21. 00-22.00 dan mencapai puncaknya pada pukul 22. 00-23.00 dan 03.00-04.00.Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah adanya nyamuk tersangka vektor, kondisi lingkungan dan pengetahuan masyarakat menjadi faktor yang menunjang kejadian malaria di desa wilayah Kecamatan Pagedongan. Saran yang diberikan adalah meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat tentang malaria dan mengurangi keberadaan tempat-tempat perkembangbiakan nyamuk. Kata Kunci : Malaria, Biomonik

  20. Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan Perumahan dan Perilaku Masyarakat Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Filariasis di Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai Tahun 2005

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    Masaefo

    2012-01-01

    Penyakit filariasis disebabkan infeksi cacing filurias dan ditularkan berbagai jenis nyamuk. Pelaksanaan program eliminasi filariasis di Indonesia dimulai tahu 2001 dan tahun 2002. Daerah Sumatera Utara merupakan daerah endemis filariasi yaitu Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Serdang Bedagai dan Binjai. Laporan pemeriksaan darah jari ditemukan 5 orang (1,37%) di Kecamatan Teluk Mengkudu dan 6 orang (1,29%) di Kecamatan Tebing Tinggi positif menderita filariasis. Berdasarkan hal tersebut dilakukan pene...

  1. IDENTIFIKASI TEMUAN KONTAK POSITIF KASUS KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA DIFTERIA DI DKI JAKARTA

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    Kambang Sariadji

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakRendahnya  cakupan  imunisasi  dasar  di  DKI  Jakarta  ini menyebabkan  kekhawatiran  timbulnya  penyakit yang  dapat dicegah  dengan  imunisasi  (PD3I dimana  salah  satunya  adalah difteri. Kejadian  difteri yang dilaporkan  ini terjadi  di daerah  Kelurahan  Bangka,  Kecamatan Mampang  Prapatan,  Jakarta  Selatan pada  bulan  Desember  2012,  dilaporkan adanya kasus dengan diagnosis klinis difteri pada anak perempuan usia 4 tahun. Karena anak tersebut meninggal maka dilakukan pengambilan sampel swab tenggorok terhadap 11 orang kontak yang terdiri dari teman, anggota keluarga dan tetangga. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengidentifikasi kontak positif kasus kejadian luar biasa difteria yang terjadi di Jakarta. 11 spesimen kontak swab tenggorok dilakukan pemeriksaan secara mikroskopik dengan pewarnaan Albert.  Kultur dan isolasi  menggunakan  medium  agar  darah  dan  telurit  agar  darah.  Koloni  tersangka  dilanjutkan  dengan  uji  biokimia menggunakan produk  komersial  remel  Rapid  CB  Plus.  Uji toksigenitas  dilakukan  dengan  PCR  multiplek.  Dari  11 spesimen kontak,  didapatkan 1  kontak  dari  lingkungan  keluarga  terinfeksi  C.diphtheriae. Pemeriksaan  mikroskopis ditemukan  bentuk  difteroid.  Hasil  kultur,  isolasi  dan  uji  biokimia  menunjukan  possibility  >  99,9%  adalah  bakteri Corynebacterium  diphtheriae.  Sementara  uji  toksigenitas  Corynebacterium  diphtheriae  dilakukan  menggunakan  PCR multiplex. Hasilnya bakteri tersebut toksigenik yang ditandai dengan terbentuk produk amplifikasi dari gen dtx (tox dan dtxR sehingga tampak garis pada 141 bp dan 184 bp. Kesimpulan yang didapat dari 11 kontak yang diambil spesimen swab tenggorok ditemukan 1 kontak dari kalangan keluarga terdekat positif terinfeksi C.diphtheriae tipe mitis toksigenikKata Kunci : Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Kultur dan Isolasi, Uji BiokimiaAbstractThe  low

  2. UJI KUALITAS MINYAK GORENG BERDASARKAN INDEKS BIAS CAHAYA MENGGUNAKAN ALAT REFRAKTOMETER SEDERHANA

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    Dody Rahayu Prasetyo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah  dilakukan uji kualitas minyak goreng dengan parameter fisika indeks bias menggunakan alat refraktometer sederhana. Minyak goreng yang digunakan adalah dua jenis minyak goreng nabati yang berbeda yaitu minyak goreng A dan B. Masing-masing minyak goreng dipanaskan dengan menambahkan plastik dan dilakukan sebanyak enam kali variasi massa plastik. Minyak goreng panas tersebut dimasukkan ke dalam refraktometer kemudian ditembakan sinar laser melalui salah satu sisi dan diamati sinar yang keluar dari sisi yang lain. Penentuan nilai indeks bias minyak goreng didasarkan pada hukum Snellius dengan cara mengukur jarak sinar bias terhadap garis normal. Kualitas minyak goreng ditentukan berdasarkan nilai indeks bias. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa semakin banyak kandungan plastik di dalam minyak goreng, semakin besar pula indeks bias minyak goreng tersebut. Dapat dipahami, laju sinar di dalam minyak goreng semakin berkurang dengan bertambahnya partikel plastik. Jadi, peran partikel plastik sebagai faktor penghambat laju sinar. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa minyak goreng yang mempunyai indeks bias besar yang terindikasi mengandung plastik memiliki kualitas buruk. Untuk minyak goreng merk A setelah dicampur plastik 1 gram dan 11 gram masing-masing memiliki indeks bias 1,351 dan 1,443. Untuk minyak goreng merk B setelah dicampur plastik 1 gram dan 11 gram  masing-masing memiliki indeks bias 1,297 dan 1,492.

  3. Sistem Sensor Kualitas Minyak Goreng Berdasarkan pada Pengukuran Kapasitansi dan Panjang Berkas Pembiasan Cahaya

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    Zulfan Syah Putra

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Minyak merupakan salah satu kebutuhan pokok manusia. Kualitas suatu minyak sangat penting diketahui, karena setiap minyak dengan jenis yang sama mempunyai kualitas yang berbeda. Oleh karena itu, perlu dibuat sebuah teknologi yang tepat guna dan ekonomis untuk mengetahui kualitas minyak tersebut. Pada tugas akhir ini penulis telah membuat Sistem Sensor kualitas Minyak Berdasarkan Pada Pengukuran Kapasitansi Dan Panjang Berkas Pembiasan Cahaya. Sistem untuk pengukuran kapasitansi bekerja menggunakan astabel multivibrator dengan frekuensi 50,332  Khz. Frekuensi  50,332  khz ini selanjutnya dirubah ke tegangan dengan menggunakan F to V konverter. Rangkaian F to V konverter yang dirancang mampu bekerja dari frekuensi 1khz-100 khz. Data tegangan yang diperoleh dari f to v konverter ini akan di baca oleh mikrokontroller sebagai data ADC 10 bit. Dengan berubahnya frekuensi, maka data ADC akan berubah. Untuk panjang berkas pembiasan cahaya, sistem ini menggunakan webcam yang berbasis komputer untuk menghitung panjang berkas pembiasan cahaya dengan mendapatkan nilai pixel setiap sampel minyak. Berdasarkan pengujian didapatkan bahwa sistem ini dapat membedakan kualitas minyak yang meliputi minyak goreng murni, minyak goreng bekas, oli murni, oli bekas

  4. Rancangan Fasilitas Kerja Ergonomis Pada Stasiun Pencetakan Dengan Metode Pahl Dan Beitz Berdasarkan Analisa Postur Kerja Metode Mantra

    OpenAIRE

    Hakim, M. Fadhil

    2014-01-01

    Proses rancang bangun fasilitas kerja merupakan suatu faktor penting dalam menunjang peningkatan pelayanan jasa produksi. Fasilitas kerja yang dirancang tidak ergonomis akan menimbulkan dampak negatif bagi pekerja yang menggunakannya baik dalam jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang seperti nyeri dan kelelahan. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan pada dua operator stasiun pencetakan kerupuk putih di UD.Ngatimin melalui Standard Nordict Questionnaire diperoleh bahwa keluhan tertinggi terdapat...

  5. Perbandingan Konsumsi Lemak Berdasarkan Tingkat Keparahan Akne Vulgaris pada Siswa SMK Negeri 1 Kota Jambi

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    Nisa Sulistia

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Salah satu faktor pencetus akne vulgaris adalah diet tinggi lemak, terutama lemak jenuh. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbandingan konsumsi lemak berdasarkan tingkat keparahan akne vulgaris menurut kriteria Lehmann. Penelitian ini berupa studi analitik observasional dengan desain cross sectional melalui pemeriksaan statusdermatologikus menurut kriteria Lehmann dan pengambilan data konsumsi menggunakan FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire pada 138 siswa kelas X dan XI SMK Negeri 1 Kota Jambi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat akne vulgaris derajat ringan (49%, akne vulgaris derajat sedang (42%, dan akne vulgaris derajat berat (9%. Reratakonsumsi lemak total 89,35 ± 17,63 gram. Rerata konsumsi SFA (Saturated Fatty Acid 37,07 ± 9,97 gram. Rerata konsumsi MUFA (Monounsaturated Fatty Acid 15,30 ± 11,79 gram. Rerata konsumsi PUFA (Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid 12,03 ± 9,25 gram.Uji oneway Anova menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan bermakna rerata konsumsi lemak total (p > 0,05 dan SFA (p > 0,05 berdasarkan tingkat keparahan akne vulgaris. Uji Kruskal-Wallis menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan bermakna MUFA (p > 0,05, dan PUFA (p > 0,05 berdasarkan tingkat keparahan akne vulgaris. Penelitian ini menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan konsumsi lemak berdasarkan tingkat keparahan akne vulgaris pada siswa SMKNegeri 1 Kota Jambi.Kata kunci: akne vulgaris, FFQ, lemak total, SFA, MUFA, PUFA Abstract One of the precipited factors is high fat diet, especially saturated fats. The objective of this study was to determine the comparison of fat consumption which is based on the severity of acne vulgaris.This research wasanalytic observational study using cross sectional design, by examining dermatologic status according to Lehmann criteria and  taking consumption record with FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire of  138 tenth and eleventh grade student in SMKN 1 Jambi. The result showed that mild acne vulgaris (49%, moderate acne vulgaris (42%, and

  6. PRODUKTIVITAS TENAGA PENGARIT BERDASARKAN MODA PENGANGKUT DI PETERNAKAN SAPI PERAH PONDOK RANGGON, JAKARTA TIMUR

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    Iwan Prihantoro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis produktivitas tenaga pengarit dan efektivitasnya berdasarkan moda pengangkut yang dipergunakan di peternakan sapi perah Pondok Ranggon, Jakarta Timur. Peternakan sapi perah Pondok Rangon merupakan salah satu peternakan yang masih bertahan di DKI Jakarta yang ketersediaan hijauan pakannya berasal pada padang rumput alam. Penelitian didasarkan pada sumber data primer dan sekunder dengan cara sensus dari total 22 peternak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik peternak di Pondok Rangon 40,91% telah berumur > 55 tahun dan 45,46% telah memiliki pengalaman >20 tahun. Kapasitas mengarit tertinggi pada umur 38 tahun (395 kg/hari dan moda truck lebih efisien dalam penyediaan hijauan dibanding pick up dan becak motor.

  7. Analisis keragaman manggis (Garcinia mangostana diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma berdasarkan karakteristik morfologi dan anatomi

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    ALFIN WIDIASTUTI

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Widiastuti A, Sobir, Suhartanto MR. 2010. Analisis keragaman manggis (Garcinia mangostana diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma berdasarkan karakteristik morfologi dan anatomi. Bioteknologi 7: 85-98. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meningkatkan keragaman genetik manggis (Garcinia mangostana L. yang diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma dosis 0 Gy, 20 Gy, 25 Gy, 30 Gy, 35 Gy dan 40 Gy. Bahan tanaman yang digunakan adalah biji yang dikumpulkan dari Kampung Cegal, Desa Karacak, Kecamatan Leuwiliang, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. Data dihasilkan dari karakteristik morfologi dan anatomi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan dosis sinar gamma dapat menghambat pertumbuhan benih, sehingga membutuhkan waktu lebih lama untuk tumbuh dan menurunkan viabilitas benih. Secara morfologi, hal itu juga menurunkan tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, ukuran daun, dan jumlah daun. Secara anatomi, kepadatan stomata berkorelasi positif dengan tinggi tanaman dengan nilai korelasi adalah 90% dan 74%. Iradiasi sinar gamma dapat meningkatkan keragaman morfologi hingga 30%. Pemotongan benih setelah iradiasi dapat meningkatkan keragaman dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup manggis.

  8. Hubungan Status Sosial Ekonomi dan Gaya Hidup dengan Kejadian Obesitas pada Siswa SD Negeri 08 Alang Lawas Padang

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    Cici Octari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakObesitas di Indonesia mulai menjadi masalah gizi masyarakat walaupun gizi kurang masih tinggi. Obesitas disebabkan oleh banyak faktor/multifaktorial yang dapat dibagi menjadi genetik dan lingkungan yang diantaranya adalah status sosial ekonomi dan gaya hidup. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional study dengan populasi adalah seluruh siswa kelas I sampai V di SD N 08 Alang Lawas,Padang. Penelitian ini mendapatkan hasil 8,21% siswa mengalami obesitas, 11,79% overweight atau gemuk, 82,60% tingkat pendapatan orang tua siswa berada di atas garis kemiskinan, 71,30% ayah dan 71,80% ibu siswa memiliki tingkat pendidikan menengah, 58,50% siswa memiliki pola makan baik, dan 60% memiliki aktifitas fisik aktif. Tidak didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara kejadian obesitas dengan tingkat pendidikan orang tua (ayah: p=0,205 ; ibu: p=1,00, tingkat pendapatan orang tua (p=0,396, dan pola makan anak (p=0,245. Didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna antara aktifitas fisik anak dengan kejadian obesitas (p=0,048.Kata kunci: obesitas, anak, sosial-ekonomi, gaya hidupAbstractIn Indonesia, obesity has became a public nutrition problem although frequence of undernutrition was still high. The obesity caused by many factor/multifactorial that asssigned to genetic factor and environment factor. Two of the environment factors are social-economy and life style. Cross sectional study was chosen as a method to conduct the study. The study population were all the students on 1st grade to 5th grade in SD Negeri 08 Alang Lawas, Padang. The result shows that 8.21% of the students suffered from obesity, 11.79% were overweight, 82.60% of the students have the parents that have income more then the poverty line, 71.30% of the fathers and 71.80% of the mothers were middle graduations, 58.50% have good consumptions pattern, and 60% have active physical activity. There are no association between the obesity among the children with parent’s graduation (father: p=0

  9. GAMBARAN KETAJAMAN PENGLIHATAN BERDASARKAN INTENSITAS BERMAIN GAME SISWA LAKI-LAKI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GIANYAR I BULAN MARET– APRIL 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Kadek Gede Bakta Giri; Made Dharmadi

    2015-01-01

    Mata adalah panca indera penting yang perlu pemeriksaan dan perawatan secara teratur. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Sanglah Denpasar dari 1 Januari sampai 31 Desember 2011 dilaporkan jumlah pasien dengan kelainan refraksi mencapai 777 orang dan angka kejadian tertinggi terlihat pada kelompok umur usia sekolah 11-20 tahun (21,5%). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran tajam pengelihatan dengan intensitas bermain game pada siswa laki-laki. Penelitian ini merupakan p...

  10. GAMBARAN PERILAKU MENGGOSOK GIGI TERHADAP KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DASAR DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SIDEMEN, KECAMATAN SIDEMEN, KABUPATEN KARANGASEM, PADA JUNI-JULI 2013

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    Desak Made Dwi Ambari Ningsih

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Kesehatan gigi masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia dilihat dari prevalensi karies gigi yang mencapai 73% dari jumlah penduduk. Di Puskesmas Sidemen, penyakit gigi, gusi dan pulpa merupakan urutan keempat dari 10 besar penyakit yang paling sering terjadi. Adanya fakta bahwa ketersediaan air bersih, sikat gigi dan pasta gigi di daerah Sidemen tidak sulit diperoleh, menunjukkan adanya faktor lain yang mempengaruhi tingginya kejadian karies gigi, misalnya perilaku menggosok gigi dan juga pengetahuan  orang tua dan anak terhadap karies gigi.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi karies gigi, perilaku menggosok gigi, dan gambaran perilaku menggosok gigi terhadap kejadian karies gigi pada siswa usia sekolah dasar di wilayah Puskesmas Sidemen, Kecamatan Sidemen, Kabupaten Karangasem. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif potong-lintang yang dilakukan pada bulan Juni sampai dengan Juli 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan 68 orang sampel yang ditentukan secara purposive random sampling pada siswa usia 7 hingga 12 tahun di SD Negeri 1 Telagatawang. Pada penelitian ini, didapatkan prevalensi karies gigi pada anak usia sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sidemen  masih tinggi (58,8%. Sebanyak 58 orang (85,3% belum menerapkan perilaku menggosok gigi yang memenuhi standar dan hanya 10 orang (14,7% yang perilaku menggosok gigi sudah memenuhi standar. Karies gigi lebih banyak dialami oleh anak-anak yang tidak memenuhi standar dalam perilaku menggosok gigi, yaitu sebanyak 63,8% (37 orang dari total 58 orang yang perilaku menggosok gigi tidak memenuhi standar. Sedangkan dari 10 orang yang memenuhi standar perilaku menggosok ternyata didapatkan sebagian besar, yaitu 7 orang (70% tidak karies. Sehingga secara umum dari penelitian ini dapat ditarik simpulan bahwa terdapat kecenderungan peningkatan presentase kejadian karies gigi pada anak dengan perilaku menggosok gigi yang salah dibandingkan yang benar.    

  11. PENELITIAN PENDAHULUAN VARIASI GENETIK MASYARAKAT SOROH PANDE BERDASARKAN PENANDA DNA MIKROSATELIT KROMOSOM Y: MASYARAKAT SOROH PANDE DESA ABIANSEMAL, BADUNG

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    Ni Putu Putri Wulandari

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Masyarakat Hindu di Bali dibedakan ke dalam kelompok-kelompok berdasarkan garis keturunan laki-laki yang disebut klan atau di Bali lebih dikenal dengan istilah soroh. Salah satu soroh yang dikenal di Bali adalah soroh Pande. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui variasi genetik masyarakat soroh Pande di Desa Abiansemal, Badung menggunakan empat lokus mikrosatelit kromosom Y, yaitu DYS19, DYS390, DYS393 dan DYS395. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, didapatkan 11 ragam alel dan enam haplotipe yang didominasi oleh haplotipe A (200, 215, 121, 123 dengan frekuensi sebesar 0,65 serta keragaman genetik sebesar 0,32 ± 0,07. Ragam haplotipe yang didapatkan menunjukkan bahwa masyarakat soroh Pande di Desa Abiansemal berasal dari berbagai sumber gen.

  12. Struktur vertikal upwelling – downwelling di Samudera Hindia Selatan Jawa hingga Selatan Bali berdasarkan salinitas musiman periode 2004 – 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Restu Wardani; Widodo S. Pranowo; Elis Indrayanti

    2013-01-01

    Salinitas berperan penting untuk mengidentifikasi fenomena upwelling dan downwelling. Upwelling yang terjadi di samudera Hindia Selatan Jawa hingga Selatan Bali dipengaruhi oleh angin musim, ENSO (El Nino Southern Oscillation) dan IOD (Indian Oscillation Dipole Mode). Dalam peneletian ini dikaji pola upwelling dan downwelling berdasarkan distribusi salinitas secara vertikal dan vaeriabilitas musiman dikaji dalam waktu tujuh tahun (2004 – 2010). Data hasil akuisisi argo float digunakan dalam p...

  13. Analisis Deskriptif Soal Geometri dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama Kelas VIII Berdasarkan Kriteria International Assessment TIMSS 2007

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    Etik Rahayu; Hardi Suyitno; Iwan Junaedi

    2012-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan  domain kognitif dan aspek kognitif (required behavior) soal matematika dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP) Kelas VIII berdasarkan kriteria International Assessment TIMSS 2007 dan proporsinya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif, dengan subjek penelitian adalah soal geometri dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual SMP. yang berjudul “Mathematics for Junior High School Grade VIII 1st Semest...

  14. Evaluasi Dimensi Mesin Jahit dan Kursi Operator Berdasarkan Kriteria Antropometri pada Stasiun Penjahitan di Industri Garmen UD.Chaniago.

    OpenAIRE

    Susanto, Eko

    2011-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi mesin jahit dan kursi operator yang dipakai di stasiun penjahitan di UD.Chaniago berdasarkan perspektif dimensi antropometri pekerja. Untuk mencapai tujuan, maka dilakukan pembandingan dimensi mesin jahit dan kursi operator yang digunakan saat ini dengan dimensi ukuran antropometri pekerja dan mengindentifikasi apakah terdapat kesesuaian atau ketidaksesuaian. Ukuran dimensi antropometri tubuh pekerja dan dimensi mesin jahit dan kursi operator yang d...

  15. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI,PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Lulus Susanti

    2014-05-01

    < 0.05.Keywords :knowledge, attitude, practice, chikungunya, risk factorAbstrakChikungunya adalah salah satu penyakit re-emerging disease di Indonesia. Gejala yang paling menonjol pada kasus ini adanya rasa nyeri yang hebat pada setiap persendian, terutama sendi lutut, pergelangan kaki dan tangan, serta sendi-sendi tulang punggung sehingga sendi susah untuk digerakkan. Penyakit ini diakibatkan oleh virus dari kelompok virus Chikungunya (CHIKV. Di Jawa Tengah terjadi peningkatan kasus Chikungunya, mulai tahun 2005 berjumlah 46 orang kemudian meningkat pada tahun 2006 menjadi 86 orang dan 2007 mencapai 2.801 kasus. Persebaran kasus mencapai beberapa kabupaten di Jawa Tengah termasuk Kabupaten Boyolali, yang memberikan kontribusi dalam jumlah penderita Chikungunya yang cukup besar 5. Pada tahun 2007dan 2008 jumlah kasus Chikungunya di Kabupaten Boyolali mencapai 634 dan 517 orang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara karakteristik masyarakat, kondisi sosial ekonomi, pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku masyarakat, data entomologi dan lingkungan sebagai faktor risiko terhadap kasus Chikungunya, di Boyolali. Penelitian ini merupakan studi epidemiologi analitik dengan rancangan case control study. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan Chikungunya terjadi paling banyak pada kisaran umur 20 – 45 dan 46 – 64 tahun, masing-masing sebanyak 51 (39,23% dan 50 kasus (38,46%, dengan jenis kelamin perempuan 80 kasus (61,54%. Sedangkan pendidikan kasus Chikungunya tertinggi adalah tidak tamat SD sebesar 34 kasus (26,15% dan pekerjaan berupa petani sebanyak 41 kasus (31,54%. Dari karakteristik responden ini hanya jenis kelamin yang memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan kasus dengan nilai P< 0,05. Sedangan pengetahuan dan perilaku masyarakat tentang pencegahan penyakit Chikungunya tidak berhubungan dengan kasus dengan nilai P>0,05.Keberadaan pakaian tergantung tidak berhubungan dengan kasus Chikungunya, sedangkan keberadaan jentik nyamuk di TPA berhubungan dengan kasus

  16. PENGARUH BEBAN FATIK TERHADAP KAPASITAS LENTUR BALOK BETON BERTULANG YANG DIPERKUAT GFRP

    OpenAIRE

    Kuntarti, Titik Tri

    2014-01-01

    Perkuatan pada knstruksi beton bertulang menjadi hal yang sangat penting, terlebih pada struktur yang telah mengalami penurunan kekuatan akibat umur, pengaruh lingkungan, perubahan fungsi struktur, desain awal yang kurang baik, kelemahan perawatan, ataupun kejadian ??? kejadian alam seperti gempa bumi. Berdasarkan pengamatan ternyata pembebanan berulan (repeatedly loading) akan memperlemah suatu struktur pada waktu tertentu (bulana hingga tahunan) walaupun tegangan yang terjadi pada bagian te...

  17. SISTEM IDENTIFIKASI CITRA KAYU BERDASARKAN TEKSTUR MENGGUNAKAN GRAY LEVEL COOCURRENCE MATRIX (GLCM DENGAN KLASIFIKASI JARAK EUCLIDEAN

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    Saifudin Saifudin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Kayu jati (Tectona Grandis L.F. dan mahoni (Swietenia Mahagoni merupakan 2 jenis kayu yang biasa digunakan untuk bahan perabot rumah tangga. Perabot yang berbahan kayu jati dikenal sebagai produk kwalitas kelas 1 sedangkan perabot dengan bahan kayu mahoni dianggap sebagai produk kwalitas kelas ke 2. Namun secara manual sulit untuk membedakan antara kedua jenis kayu ini. Oleh karenanya penting dibangunnya suatu sistem otomatis yang mampu mengenali perbedaan dari kedua jenis kayu ini. Pada dasarnya citra kayu dapat dianalisis cirinya untuk mendapatkan pola-pola yang menunjukkan jenis kayu. Ekstraksi ciri dari citra kayu dapat dianalisi berdasarkan tekstur atau warnanya.Tulisan ini menjelaskan sistem identifikasi jenis kayu yang telah dikembangkan untuk membedakan antara jenis kayu jati atau mahoni. Sistem ini meliputi proses akusisi data citra, pemrosesan citra, ekstraksi ciri, dan klasifikasi. Ekstraksi ciri menggunakan tekstur Gray Level Co-ocurrence Matrix (GLCM sedangkan pengklasikasi menggunakan metode jarak Euclidean. Hasil eksperimen-eksperimen dengan pengubahan ukuran citra asli menjadi 30x30, 20x20 dan 10x10 berturut-turut menghasilkan akurasi 82,5 %, 65,7 % dan 77,5%. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa akurasi tertinggi yang diperoleh layak untuk diimplementasikan ke dalam industri

  18. ANALISIS PENGUNGKAPAN TANGGUNG JAWAB SOSIAL PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA BERDASARKAN ISLAMIC SOCIAL REPORTING INDEKS

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    Khusnul Fauziah

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membandingkan pengungkapan tanggungjawab sosial bank syariah di Indonesia berdasarkan pada indeks Islamic Social Reporting (ISR. Obyek dari penelitian ini adalah tujuh bank syariah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan laporan tahunan tahun 2011 yang dipublikasikan pada masing-masing bank. Analisis data menggunakan analisis isi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan skore indek IRS tertinggi adalah Bank Muamalat Indonesia dengan skore 73% dan skore terendah adalah Bank Panin Syariah dengan skore 41%. This research is intended to compare the social responsibility disclosure of Islamic banking in Indonesia based on the Islamic Social Reporting (ISR index. The object of this research is taken from seven Islamic bankings in Indonesia. This research use the data from the annual report which was published in 2011 by the banks. The content analysis is implemented for analyzing the data. The results show that the highest score of social responsibility disclosure is Bank Muamalat Indonesia with the score of 73% and the lowest score is Panin Bank Syariah with the score of 41%.

  19. PENENTUAN WAKTU PERAWATAN UNTUK PENCEGAHANPADA KOMPONEN KRITIS CYCLONE FEED PUMP BERDASARKAN KRITERIA MINIMASI DOWN TIME

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    Siti Nandiroh

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Sistem perawatan mesin yang dilakukan di PT. Newmont Nusa Tenggara, selama ini masih bersifat korektif yaitu perawatan setelah terjadi kerusakan. Kerusakan komponen ini biasanya akan ditandai dengan ditemukannya produk yang dihasilkan tidak sedikit mengalami kecacatan. Peranan perawatan terhadap komponen-komponen Cyclone Feed Pump pada Process Departement - PT.Newmont Nusa Tenggara sangat penting artinya untuk mencegah terjadinya kecacatan produk masal dan mencegah terjadinya down time produksi. Dan perawatan yang paling baik digunakan adalah perawatan pencegahan sebelum terjadinya kerusakan (preventive maintenance. Mesin kritis adalah mesin yang mengalami frekwensi kerusakan terbesar dengan total downtime terbesar. Untuk penentuan mesin kritis ini, langkah pertama yang dilakukan adalah dengan mengukur lamanya waktu downtime produksi dari tiap-tiap mesin yang ada. Perhitungan MTTR berdasarkan data downtime, yang sebelumnya juga dilakukan uji kecocokan distribusi dan hasilnya sesuai, Dengan melakukan perhitungan Mean Time To Repair dan Mean Time To Failure dapat diketahui rata-rata waktu berapa lama pompa beroperasi dan berapa lama pompa tersebut dapat dilakukan perbaikan serta dapat diketahui Reliability pada Cyclone Feed Pump 2.0.1. Setelah dilakukkan perhitungan, komponen kritis Discharge Pipe pada Cyclone Feed Pump 2.0.1 harus sudah dilakukan inspeksi preventif, karena telah beroperasi 664.8 jam, dan perbaikan yang harus lakukan maksimal 3.4997 jam setiap kali dilakukan shutdown.

  20. Hubungan Merokok dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Laki-Laki Usia 35-65 Tahun di Kota Padang

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    Yashinta Octavian Gita Setyanda

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHipertensi merupakan salah satu penyebab kematian tertinggi pada masyarakat di dunia. Penyakit ini disebut juga the silent killer. Prevalensi hipertensi telah mencapai angka 31,7% dari semua penduduk. Peningkatan ini diakibatkan perubahan gaya hidup yang salah satunya merokok. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kebiasaan merokok termasuk lama merokok, jumlah rokok dan jenis rokok dengan hipertensi. Desain penelitian berupa cross-sectional study. Populasi adalah laki-laki yang berusia 35-65 tahun di empat kecamatan terpilih di kota Padang. Jumlah subjek sebanyak 92 orang yang diambil secara multi stage random sampling. Instrumen dalam penelitian ini ialah kuesioner untuk data responden dan karakteristik kebiasaan merokok, serta sphygmomanometer untuk mengukur tekanan darah. Data dianalisis dengan uji chi-square dengan p < 0,05 untuk signifikansi. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ada hubungan antara kebiasaan merokok dengan hipertensi (p=0,003 yaitu dipengaruhi oleh lama merokok (p=0,017 dan jenis rokok (p=0,017, tetapi tidak terdapat hubungan antara jumlah rokok dengan kejadian hipertensi (p=0,412. Oleh karena kebiasaan merokok meningkatkan risiko hipertensi, penyuluhan kesehatan tentang risiko peningkatan tekanan darah terhadap penderita hipertensi yang memiliki kebiasaan merokok harus dilakukan. Hal ini diperlukan agar terjadi penurunan angka kejadian hipertensi.Kata Kunci: hipertensi, kebiasaan merokok, lama merokok, jumlah rokok, jenis rokok AbstractHypertension is one of the major causes of death in the world. This disease is called silent killer. The prevalence of hypertension has reached 31.7% of the population. It increases because of lifestyle changes, one of them is smoking. The objective of this study was to determine the association between smoking habits including duration of smoking, number of cigarettes, and type of cigarettes with hypertension. The research design was cross-sectional study. The population

  1. BEHAVIOR AND ENVIRONMENTAL RISK FACTOR ON CHIKUNGUNYA OUTBREAKS AT SALATIGA CITY IN 2012 = FAKTOR RISIKO PERILAKU DAN LINGKUNGAN RUMAH PADA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KOTA SALATIGA TAHUN 2012

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    Diana Andriyani Pratamawati

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available EnglishABSTRACTOn February 9, 2012 date specified chikungunya outbreak in Salatiga. This study aimed to examine behavioral and environmental risk factors associated with the disease, vector, modes of transmission, treatment seeking, as well as ways to prevent chikungunya on people in the hamlet Sinoman and Rekesan during the chikungunya outbreak in 2012 . This type of research is used case-control study. This study was conducted in January through April of 2012. Interview and observations conducted on 134 respondents. There is no relationship between the incidence of chikungunya respondent behavior and the behavior of the respondent is not proven as a risk factor chikungunya. But  events, there is a relationship between the incidence of chikungunya lighting and home lighting proved to be a risk factor for chikungunya incidence and its risk by 2.8 times. In addition to lighting, there is a relationship between the incidence of chikungunya home humidity, although not statistically proven as a risk factor for chikungunya. There was a significant association between the presence of mosquitoes on the clothes hanging in the incidence of chikungunya, in harmony with it has been shown that the presence of mosquitoes at the clothes hanging heightens the risk by 4.19 times causing events are expected to cultivate back chikungunya. People must have eradication of mosquito breeding activity, do not hang clothes secondhand, using a wire gauze on the vent, and the use of anti-mosquito drugs to avoid contact with the mosquitoborne chikungunya .IndonesiaKejadian luar biasa (KLB penyakit chikungunya di Kota Salatiga pada tanggal 9 Februari 2012 Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji faktor risiko perilaku dan lingkungan rumah, yang berkaitan dengan penyakit, vektor, cara penularan, pencarian pengobatan, serta cara pencegahan chikungunya di Dusun Sinoman dan Rekesan ketika KLB Chikungunya tahun 2012. Rancangan penelitian adalah case control. Penelitian ini

  2. Diversitas Genetik Anopheles balabacensis, Baisas di Berbagai Daerah Indonesia Berdasarkan Sekuen Gen ITS 2 DNA Ribosom

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    Widiarti Widiarti

    2016-05-01

    dilaporkan sebagai spesies kompleks di berbagai negara, akan tetapi belum banyak dilaporkan di Indonesia. Penanggulangan malaria agar lebih efektif perlu adanya perbaikan dan pendekatan strategi dalam pengendalian vektor, termasuk sangat diperlukan adanya pemahaman terhadap spesies dan bioekologinya. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk : a. Mengidentifikasi secara molekuler nyamuk An. balabacensis yang dicurigai sebagai spesies kompleks berdasarkan sekuen ITS2 DNA ribosom, b. Mengetahui diversitas genetik nyamuk An. balabacensis dari daerah endemis dan non endemis dengan jarak geografis yang berbeda, c. Mengetahui kekerabatan genetik (jarak taksonomi nyamuk An. balabacensis dari berbagai daerah di Indonesia dengan merekonstruksi pohon filogenetik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa An. balabacensis di Indonesia merupakan spesies kompleks simpatrik dan allopatrik. Ada perbedaan kekerabatan genetikyang cukup jauh diantara populasi An. balabacensis di Pusuk Lestari, wilayah Puskesmas Meninting, Lombok Barat, NTB yang merupakan simpatrik kompleks. Berdasarkan hubungankekerabatan An. leucosphyrus group, An. balabacensis dari Berjoko, Kabupaten Nunukan menunjukkan kecenderungan terpisah cukup jauh dibandingkan dengan An. balabacensiskompleks lainnya yang berasal dari Jawa Tengah dan Lombok, NTB.Kata kunci : An. balabacensis, variasi genetik, ITS2 DNA ribosom

  3. STUDI POTENSI ENERGI GEOTHERMAL BLAWAN- IJEN, JAWA TIMUR BERDASARKAN METODE GRAVITY

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    Raehanayati Raehanayati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan studi awal untuk menentukan daerah yang memiliki potensi   panasbumi   berdasarkan   pengukuran   gayaberat   di   Blawan-Ijen,   Jawa   Timur. Pengukuran data primer dilakukan dengan menggunakan Gravitimeter LaCoste & Romberg tipe G-1053. Data anomali Bouger dari hasil perhitungan koreksi-koreksi metode gayaberat kemudian dibawa ke bidang datar selanjutnya dilakukan pemisahan anomali regional dan anomali sisa dengan menggunakan metode kontinuasi ke  atas. Hasil interpretasi terhadap anomali sisa yang dilakukan pada tiga penampang adalah penampang A-A’ nilai densitasnya yaitu: ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.80 gr/cm3 , ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan ρ4=2.69 gr/cm3, sedangkan untuk penampang B-B’ nilai densitasnya adalah ρ1=2.58 gr/cm3, ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3, ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3, dan untuk penampang C-C’  nilai  densitasnya yaitu  ρ1=2.585 gr/cm3,  ρ2=2.82 gr/cm3,  ρ3=2.67 gr/cm3 dan ρ4=2.684 gr/cm3. Dari hasil pemodelan 2D dan 3D dapat terlihat bahwa pada daerah yang memiliki manifestasi air panas didominasi oleh batuan ρ1 karena memiliki nilai densitas paling rendah yang berada pada daerah Blawan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa reservoir panasbumi  daerah  Blawan-Ijen  didominasi  oleh  batuan  yang  memiliki  porositas  tinggi (densitas rendah dan tingkat permeabilitasnya tinggi dengan jumlah volume sebesar 101.20 juta m3.

  4. STUDI EPIDEMIOLOGI DAN DETEKSI DINI KEJADIAN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 DI KECAMATAN TEMPE KABUPATEN WAJO, INDONESIA Epidemiology Study and Early Detection DM type 2 in Wajo District South Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Ridwan Amiruddin; Stang,; Jumriani Ansar; Dian Sidik

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRAK Prevalensi Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 semakin meningkat pada populasi di seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor risiko dan deteksi dini kejadian Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di Kecamatan Tempe Kabupaten Wajo. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional study. Besar sampel pada penelitian ini yaitu 300 responden dengan syarat sampel. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji statistik bivariat chi square dan multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Pengumpula...

  5. PIDEMIOLOGI DAN DETEKSI DINI KEJADIAN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 DI KECAMATAN TEMPE KABUPATEN WAJO, INDONESIA Epidemiology Study and Early Detection DM type 2 in Wajo District South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Ridwan Amiruddin; Stang,; Jumriani Ansar; Dian Sidik

    2014-01-01

    Prevalensi Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 semakin meningkat pada populasi di seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor risiko dan deteksi dini kejadian Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 di Kecamatan Tempe Kabupaten Wajo. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional study. Besar sampel pada penelitian ini yaitu 300 responden dengan syarat sampel. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji statistik bivariat chi square dan multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Pengumpulan data dila...

  6. Pengajaran Tentang Ibadah Berdasarkan Surat Ibrani 10:19-25 Dan Implimentasinya Dalam Kehidupan Orang Percaya Pada Masa Kini

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    Tison Tison

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Sesuai dengan permasalahan yang ada, maka tujuan penulisan karya ilmiah iniadalah: Pertama, Untuk menganalisis dan menafsirkan pengajaran tentang ibadahmenurut Ibrani 10:19-25. Kedua, Untuk membahas bagaimana mengimplementasikanpengajaran tentang ibadah dalam kehidupan orang percaya pada masa kini.Dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini, penulis menggunakan metode penelitiannaskah Alkitab yaitu: Pertama, Metode analisis kitab, dalam hal ini menggunakanmetode penelitian yang mencakup teologi eksegesis dan kajian Alkitab untukmemahami teks yang sesuai dengan konsep yang ada dalam surat Ibrani 10:19-25. Danmenggunakan metode penelitian literatur. Kedua, Komparasi, yaitu mengadakanperbandingan-perbandingan untuk melihat kesamaan atau perbedaan pengajarantentang ibadah.Berdasarkan hasil uraian penulis dalam karya ilmiah mengenai pengajarantentang ibadah berdasarkan surat Ibrani 10:19-25 dan implimentasinya dalamkehidupan orang percaya pada masa kini, maka penulis dapat menarik kesimpulansebagai berikut: Pertama, setiap orang percaya harus mengerti dasar-dasar ibadahorang percaya yaitu darah Yesus yang telah dicurahkan bagi umat manusia yang jugatelah menjadi pengganti korban persembahan untuk datang menghampiri Allah danYesus sebagai Imam Besar. Kedua, dalam ibadah setiap orang percaya harusmemiliki sikap hati yang tulus iklhas, keyakinan iman, hati yang sudah dibasuh danberpegang pada pengakuan pengharapan pada Yesus. Ketiga, dalam ibadah, setiaporang percaya harus memiliki hati yang menyembah karena penyembahan adalah halyang paling utama untuk menyatakan hormat dan tunduk kepada Allah atas karya-Nya bagi hidup orang percaya. Keempat, dalam ibadah, setiap orang percaya harushidup dalam kekudusan, karena dalam kekudusanlah orang percaya layak dihadapanAllah.

  7. Proses Berpikir Siswa SD dalam Melakukan Estimasi Masalah Berhitung Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin

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    Muh. Rizal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The Thinking Process of Primary-school Students of Different Sexes in Estimating Arithmetic Problems. This case study is intended to explore the thinking process of the fifth-year students of different sexes in estimating arithmetic problems. Two students, one male and one female, belonging to the high achievers in a mathematics test were selected for the study and then interviewed, assigned to solve arithmetic problems, and finally asked to think aloud their thinking process. The study reveals that the thinking process of both the male and female subjects is in the form of accommodation as they ap­proached the arithmetic problems by repeatedly reading the tasks. Though employing the same thinking process, in the planning stage, the male subject made use of rounding and compatible number strategies, whereas the female one used only rounding strategy. In implementing the plan, the male subject em­ployed mental counting through assimilation, but the female one used algorithm through accommoda­tion. In the evaluating stage, the male subject traced back his work through mental counting, while the female one utilized reverse operations. Abstrak: Proses Berpikir Siswa SD dalam Melakukan Estimasi Masalah Berhitung Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin. Penelitian ini ingin mendeskripsikan proses berpikir siswa laki-laki dan perempuan yang berkemampuan matematika tinggi dalam melakukan estimasi. Penelitian dilakukan di kelas V SD, dengan subjek satu siswa laki-laki dan satu siswa perempuan yang memiliki skor 75 ke atas dalam tes kemampuan matematika. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara, pemberian tes dan think aloud. Analisis dilakukan dengan menelaah seluruh data, reduksi data, pengolompokan data, kategorisasi, pengkodean, dan pemeriksaan kredibilitas data dengan triangulasi waktu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses berpikir keduanya adalah akomodasi. Dalam membuat rencana, laki-laki menggunakan rounding dan compatible number strategy, sedangkan

  8. PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN TENTANG PEMICU KEKERASAN

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    Nyayu Khodijah

    2015-01-01

    Astract: Analysis of Al-Qur’an on all facts on violence is related to the Qur’anic concept on human being, the concept of “Fitrah” and “behaviour”. Based on the interpretation of the Qur'an, the violence is not stated as a basic human nature as expressed by psychoanalysis, because all humans are born with the condition of “fitrah”. But during its developments, the fitrah is much influenced by the environment so that people do the violence. The factors are as follows: family, film, television ...

  9. Dinamika Faktor Price Sebagai Pemicu Postpurchase Dissonance Pada Konsumen Perempuan

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    Tarigan, Reffoni Mastaria

    2014-01-01

    Postpurchase Dissonance (PPD) is a psychological discomfort which happened as a result of a discrepancy between a consumer’s expectation and the reality of the product. Nominal and most limited decision making will not produce postpurchase dissonance (Hawkins, Mothersbaugh & Best, 2007). Nominal value is the product price. Female consumer have important role in purchase and deciding it. Phenomena in field indicates that price factor often as the reason for doubts after purchase by female c...

  10. Analisis Deskriptif Soal Geometri dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama Kelas VIII Berdasarkan Kriteria International Assessment TIMSS 2007

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    Etik Rahayu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan  domain kognitif dan aspek kognitif (required behavior soal matematika dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP Kelas VIII berdasarkan kriteria International Assessment TIMSS 2007 dan proporsinya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif, dengan subjek penelitian adalah soal geometri dalam Buku Matematika Bilingual SMP. yang berjudul “Mathematics for Junior High School Grade VIII 1st Semester” dan “Mathematics for Junior High School Grade VIII 2nd Semester” karangan karangan M. Cholik Adinawan dan Sugijono. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode observasi dan wawancara tentang penggunaan buku matematika bilingual yang paling banyak digunakan di kota semarang. Pedoman analisis soal berdasarkan kriteria International Assessment TIMSS 2007, dengan validasi hasil oleh ahli. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa soal yang dianalisis memuat satu hingga tujuh aspek kognitif. Sebagian besar soal memuat 4 aspek kognitif yaitu 44.04 %, diikuti soal dengan 3 aspek kognitif  yaitu 36, 42%,  soal dengan 2 aspek kognitif yaitu 14, 90%, kemudian 1,99% untuk soal dengan 1 atau 5 aspek kognitif, dan 0,33% untuk soal dengan 6 atau 7 aspek kognitif. Proporsi tinggi pada recall (28.26% dan compute (26.57%, diikuti dengan SRP (10.85%, implement (10.65%, retrieve (8.36%, recognize (6.17%, analyze (1.99%, measure (1.59%, generalize (1.09%, SNRP (1.00%, classify (0.80%, represent (0.80%, justify (0.80%, select (0.60%, model (0.30%, synthesis (0.20%. Secara keseluruhan berdasarkan International Assessment TIMSS 2007 soal yang termasuk domain knowing memiliki persentase paling tinggi (52.28%, domain knowing-applying (24.83%, domain knowing- reasoning (12.91%, dan hanya sedikit yang termasuk domain knowing-apllying-reasoning (3.97%. Serta terdapat 4 soal (1.32% yang mempunyai ketidaksesuaian penggunaan mathematics terms serta 1 soal (0

  11. ANALISIS TERHADAP PERLUNYA PENYESUAIAN LAPORAN KEUANGAN HISTORIS (CONVENTIONAL ACCOUNTING MENJADI BERDASARKAN TINGKAT HARGA UMUM (GENERAL PRICE LEVEL ACCOUNTING

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    Pwee Leng

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Generally, in conventional accounting, financial statements are based on the historical cost principle that assumes that prices (monetery unit are stable. Conventional accounting recognizes neither changes in the general price level nor changes in the specific price level. Consequently, if there are any changes in purchasing power such as in inflation period, the historical financial statement are not economically relevant and also income is usually overstated, and the fixed assets are usually understated. Actually, there are several methods on accounting for the effect of changing prices, such as constant accounting, current value accounting, and general price level accounting. General price level accounting will do restatement the components of financial statement to be a rupiah on a similar level of purchasing power, but without changes in accounting principles which using on conventional accounting. In practice, the controversy concerning the relevance of general price level accounting has been continuing. Pros and cons general price level accounting will be presented on this paper. Also the result of two researches concerning the influence of applied general price level accounting on the financial statement will be compared as considerations whether the general price level adjustment is necessary needed. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Secara umum, dalam akuntansi konvensional, laporan keuangan disajikan berdasarkan nilai historis yang mengasumsikan bahwa harga-harga (unit moneter adalah stabil. Akuntansi konvensional tidak mengakui adanya perubahan tingkat harga umum maupun perubahan tingkat harga khusus. Sebagai konsekuensinya, jika terjadi perubahan daya beli seperti pada periode inflasi, maka laporan keuangan historis secara ekonomis tidaklah relevan. Pada periode ini pendapatan umumnya dinilai lebih tinggi sedangkan aktiva tetap dinilai lebih rendah. Sebenarnya, terdapat beberapa metode akuntansi mengenai pengaruh perubahan harga

  12. Analisis Keanekaragaman Genetika dan Diferensiasi Jati Jawa dan Madura Berdasarkan Marka Mikrosatelit Untuk Mendukung Fingerprinting Jati

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    Mun Isyatul Millah

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Fingerprinting jati diperlukan untuk melengkapi data base konservasi plasma nutfah jati. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi keanekaragaman genetika pohon jati berdasarkan marka mikrosatelit dan mengidentifikasi alel spesifik pada lokus tertentu yang dapat menjadi penciri khas jati populasi Jawa dan Madura. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan identifikasi karakteristik jati plus (fingerprinting secara molekuler menggunakan penanda mikrosatelit. Sampel diambil dari koleksi jati plus di Kebun Benih Klonal (KBK di Jawa dan dari lokal Areal Produksi Benih (APB Madura. Sampel diisolasi menggunakan metode CTAB. Amplifikasi DNA menggunakan 3 primer mikrosatelit dan hasilnya divisualisasi pada gel poliakrilamid dengan pewarnaan silver. Hubungan kekerabatan dianalisis melalui program NTSYSpc (Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate Analysis Sistem versi 2.01. Hasil analisis menunjukkan tingkat keanekaragaman jati yang tinggi, didukung oleh nilai Observed Heterozigosity (Ho, Expected Heterozygosity (He, Polimorfism Information Content (PIC dan koefisien diferensiasi genetika berturut-turut 0.5122; 0.6221; 0.5818; dan 0.0629. Hubungan kekerabatan melalui analisis dendogram menghasilkan koefisien kemiripan 0.3-1.00. Nilai keanekaragaman dalam populasi (HS, antar populasi (DST, dan nilai diferensiasi (G berturut-turut adalah 0.5817, 0.0391, dan 0.0629. Dari hasil analisis disimpulkan bahwa tingkat keanekaragaman jati di Jawa dan Madura termasuk tinggi dan ada indikasi perbedaan genetika di dalam populasi lebih tinggi dibanding antar populasi.Fingerprinting teak is required to complete the data base teak germplasm conservation. This research aimed to obtain information about the genetic diversity of teak based on microsatellite markers and identify specific allele at a particular locus can be distinctive identity identifier population of Java and Madura. In this research is to identify the characteristics of teak plus (fingerprinting molecularly using

  13. Analisis Isi SMS Iklan Layanan Telekomunikasi Operator Telkomsel, Indosat dan Xl berdasarkan Etika Pariwara Indonesia Periode 2013

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    Danang Trijayanto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi komunikasi merevolusi aktivitas pemasaran ke mobile marketing, salah satunya adalah dengan SMS advertising. Badan usaha yang cenderung menggunakan cara pemasaran tersebut adalah operator selular dengan iklan produk layanan telekomunikasinya. Permasalahannya adalah strategi pemasaran produk telekomunikasi yang cenderung banyak merugikan pelanggan karena ketidaksesuaian antara isi iklan dan produk yang diperoleh, yang dipengaruhi oleh kelengkapan dan kejelasan informasi produk. Salah satu aturan yang menjadi dasar dalam aktivitas SMS advertising adalah berdasarkan Etika Pariwara Indonesia.  Penelitian  ini   meneliti  bagaimanakah  Penerapan aturan tersebut terhadap isi SMS iklan produk telekomunikasi yang dikirimkan oleh provider selular GSM prabayar pada bulan Juli hingga Nopember 2013.  Hasil  Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam mengiklankan produk telekomunikasi melalui SMS advertising, para operator selular belum menerapkan regulasi dan etika pemasaran dengan baik. Kekurangan informasi yang belum lengkap terdapat pada informasi syarat kontrak yang menjadi informasi dasar hak dan kewajiban yang harus dipenuhi oleh pelanggan.

  14. Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan Angka Kejadian Diare Akut pada Bayi Usia 0-1 Tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang

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    Eka Putri Rahmadhani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang optimal dan terlindungi dari penyakit seperti diare. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan angka kejadian diare akut pada bayi usia 0-1 tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan secara observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bayi usia 0-1 tahun yang berkunjung ke posyandu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Jumlah bayi dengan kelompok usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari sebanyak 69 orang (51,1% dan usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 66 orang (48,9%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bayi usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari yang masih mendapat ASI saja sebanyak 41 bayi (30,4% dan yang sudah mendapat campuran lain selain ASI sebanyak 28 bayi (20,7%. Jumlah bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan ASI eksklusif sebanyak 34 bayi (25,2% dan 32 bayi lainnya (23,7% non ASI eksklusif. Sebanyak 57 bayi (42,2% pernah diare dan 78 bayi lainnya (57,8% tidak pernah. Analisis chi square mendapatkan p=0,001 dan hasil ini signifikan (p<0,5. Pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan harus ditingkatkan karena mempunyai hubungan dengan angka kejadian diare akut.Kata kunci: Bayi, ASI Exclusif, diareAbstractExclusive breastfeeding is an effort to achieve optimal growth and development and can be protected from diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute diarrhea in infants aged 0-1 years in the Kuranji Public Health Center Padang. This study conducted a cross sectional observational study. The sample was a baby aged 0-1 years who visited posyandu in the Kuranji Public Health Center working area using simple random sampling. The result showed 41 infants (30.4% aged 0-5 months 29 days which is still breastfed only and other than breast milk were 28 infants (20.7%. Number of 6-12 months

  15. Evaluasi Komponen Jalan Rel Berdasarkan Passing Tonnage dan Analisis Kebutuhan Pemeliharaan Tahunan Jalan Rel dengan Analisa JO Tahun 2011 (Studi Kasus Jalan Rel Lintas Medan – Tebing Tinggi)

    OpenAIRE

    Panjaitan, Herbet

    2014-01-01

    Jalan rel yang menghubungkan Medan – Tebing Tinggi merupakan lintasan jalan rel sepanjang 80,542 kilometer yang dilewati 40 kereta api setiap harinya, sehingga akan menurunkan kualitas pelayanan komponen jalan rel kereta api. Evaluasi komponen rel terpasang pada jalan rel kereta api dilakukan dengan menghitung daya angkut lintas jalan rel untuk satu tahun, kemudian membandingkan komponen jalan rel terpasang berdasarkan standar perencanaan jalan rel sesuai dengan klasifikasi kelas jalan r...

  16. PERAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP KEJADIAN BALITA PENDEK DI INDONESIA (THE CONTEXTUAL ROLE OF OCCURRENCE STUNTED ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE IN INDONESIA

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    Sihadi Suhadi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Prevalensi anak balita pendek di Indonesia sebesar 36,8 persen. Anak yang balita pendek yang berat mempunyai IQ 11 point lebih rendah dibandingkan anak balita yang tidak pendek. Analisis ini mencari faktor penyebab anak balita pendek dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap terjadinya balita pendek. Tujuan: Diketahui faktor penyebab dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap kejadian balita pendek. Metodologi: Data yang digunakan bersumber data sekunder dari data Riskesdas 2010, data tersier dari BPS, IPKM, dan IPM. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis sebesar 9 897 anak balita. Analisis statistik dengan menggunakan multilevel statistical model binary logistic regression.  Hasil:            Level provinsi mempunyai kontribusi 51,9 persen, individu 34,9 persen, dan rumah tangga 13,2 persen terhadap terjadinya anak balita pendek. Proporsi balita pendek 44,5 persen dapat diturunkan menjadi 42,5 persen bila konsumsi energi balita diperbaiki, menjadi 40,8 persen bila konsumsi energi rumah tangga diperbaiki, menjadi 43,2 persen bila ekonomi rumah tangga diperbaiki, menjadi 32,6 persen bila pola asuh diperbaiki, menjadi 35,8 persen bila ibu tidak pendek, menjadi 39,4 persen bila pendidikan ibu diperbaiki, dan menjadi 41,4 persen bila kemiskinan di tingkat provinsi diperbaiki. Simak Baca secara fonetik Kamus - Lihat kamus yang lebih detail Terjemahkan situs web mana pun NouvelObs-PrancisLa Información-SpanyolZamalek Fans-ArabSueddeutsche.de-JermanNews.de-JermanFocus Online-JermanNord-Cinema-PrancisTelegraph.co.uk-InggrisOneIndia-HindiMachu Picchu-SpanyolGuardian.co.uk-InggrisEl Confidencial-Spanyol Lakukan banyak hal dengan Google Terjemahan Cari resep sushi terbaik di dunia, tentunya dalam bahasa Jepang! Bebaskan kekuatan Penelusuran yang Diterjemahkan Google.Tetap berhubungan dengan sahabat pena Anda di Paris. Aktifkan terjemahan otomatis untuk email dan ngobrol di Gmail.Apa sih artinya

  17. Identifikasi Carrier Bakteri Streptococcus β hemolyticus Group A pada Murid SD Negeri 13 Padang Berdasarkan Perbedaan Umur dan Jenis Kelamin

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    Fadhila Aini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakStreptococcus β hemolyticus Grup A atau yang disebut juga Streptococcus pyogenes merupakan salah satu bakteri patogen yang banyak menginfeksi manusia.Bakteri ini dapat ditemukan sebagai carrier di saluran pernafasan terutama pada anak-anak, tidak menimbulkan penyakit tetapi berisiko untuk menyebarkan penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan jumlah carrier  bakteri Streptococcus β hemolyticus Grup A pada murid berdasarkan perbedaan umur dan jenis kelamin. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif cross-sectional dengan menggunakan sampel seluruh murid SD Negeri 13 Padang. Hasil penelitian adalah didapatkan 2 orang murid yang menderita carrier, yaitu pada kelompok usia>8-9 tahun dan >11 tahun. Berdasarkan jenis kelamin yang terdiri dari 54 orang laki-laki dan 50 orang perempuan, didapatkan 2 orang carrier yaitu hanya pada anak laki-laki. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa carrier bakteri Streptococcus β hemolyticus Group  A terdapat pada anak usia tersebut karena masih kurangnya pengetahuan tentang kebersihan. Carrier yang ditemukan hanya pada anak laki-laki kemungkinan disebabkan mereka lebih sering bermain di luar rumah dan terpapar dengan berbagai bakteri patogen dan kurang memperhatikan kebersihan diri.Kata kunci: carrier, streptococcus β hemolyticus grup A, umur, jenis kelamin AbstractGroup A Streptococcus β hemolyticus or also called Streptococcus pyogenes is one of many pathogenic bacteria that infect humans. These bacteria can be found as a carrier in the respiratory tract especially in children, do not cause disease but can be a risk for spreading the disease. This objective of this study was to determine the amount of the carrier of bacteria group A Streptococcus β hemolyticus based on age and gender differences. This research is a descriptive cross - sectional study using a sample of all students of SD Negeri 13 Padang. Based on the age of 104 students found that students who suffer 2 carrier, which is in the age

  18. Hubungan Keteraturan Penggunaan Kortikosteroid Inhalasi dengan Tingkat Kontrol Asma Pasien Berdasarkan ACT di Poliklinik Paru RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

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    Wulan Prisilla Prisilla

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAsma merupakan penyakit yang didasari oleh reaksi inflamasi pada saluran napas yang dapat dicegah dengan kortikosteroid inhalasi. Asma sukar disembuhkan, sehingga tujuan penatalaksanaan asma adalah asma terkontrol. Penilaian tingkat kontrol asma dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner Asthma Control Test  (ACT yang bersifat subjektif tetapi validitasnya telah diuji. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan keteraturan penggunaan kortikosteroid inhalasi dengan tingkat kontrol asma pasien berdasarkan ACT di Poliklinik Paru RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Penelitian cross sectional analytic ini telah dilakukan dari September hingga Desember 2013. Populasi adalah pasien berusia ≥14 tahun yang didiagnosis asma oleh dokter. Jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 96 orang. Data yang diperoleh diolah dan dianalisis menggunakan uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Insiden terbanyak asma berada pada kelompok usia lanjut (60,4%. Sebagian besar pasien tidak teratur menggunakan kortikosteroid inhalasi (63,5% dan pasien dengan asma tidak terkontrol memiliki proporsi tertinggi (59,4% . Analisis statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara keteraturan penggunaan kortikosteroid inhalasi dengan tingkat kontrol asma pasien berdasarkan ACT di Poliklinik Paru RSUP Dr. M. Djamil (p=0,002.Kata kunci: kortikosteroid inhalasi, ACT, tingkat control asma AbstractAsthma is a disease caused by an inflammatory reaction in the patient airways that can be prevented with inhaled corticosteroids. It is known that there is no cure for asthma, so the goal of asthma management is to obtain controlled asthma. The level of asthma control can be assessed by  using Asthma Control Test  (ACT questionnaire, this method is subjective but its validity has been tested. The objective of this study  was to determine the association between regularity of inhaled corticosteroids application and patient’s level of asthma control based on ACT in the Lung Clinic of Dr

  19. GAMBARAN RISIKO TROMBOSIS VENA PROFUNDA (TVP PADA SALES PROMOTION GIRL (SPG BERDASARKAN KRITERIA WELLS DI KOTA DENPASAR

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    Shelly Silvia Bintang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pekerjaan sebagai sales promotion girl (SPG menuntut berdiri dalam posisi statis dalam waktu kerja yang cukup lama. Dalam sebuah jurnal kesehatan masyarakat tahun 2013 mendapatkan hasil semakin lama SPG bekerja maka semakin lama juga durasi mereka memakai sepatu hak tinggi semakin besar risiko untuk mengalami gangguan kesehatan yang disebabkan sepatu hak tinggi. Gangguan dari aliran darah atau trombosis vena profunda (TVP merupakan dampak yang ditimbulkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui angka tinggi pemakaian sepatu hak tinggi, angka pemakaian stocking dan gambaran SPG di Kota Denpasar yang memiliki risiko rendah, menengah dan tinggi mengalami TVP. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif potong lintang. Subyek penelitian ini adalah 62 pegawai SPG yang bekerja di swalayan di Kota Denpasar. Skor kriteria Wells didapatkan untuk mengetahui gambaran risiko probabilitas TVP. Hasil gambaran risiko TVP pada SPG di Kota Denpasar berdasarkan kriteria Wells didapatkan 30 orang pekerja (48,38% menunjukan risiko ringan, dan 30 orang pekerja lainnya (48,38% menunjukan risiko menengah menderita TVP, sedangkan 2 orang pekerja (3,24% menunjukan risiko tinggi. Sebagian besar pegawai SPG di kota Denpasar memiliki risiko rendah dan sedang probabilitas TVP.

  20. Keragaman suweg (Amorphophallus campanulatus di wilayah eks karesidenan Surakarta berdasarkan karakter morfologi, anatomi dan pola pita isozim

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    MONARITA PERMATASARI

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Permatasari, Pitoyo A, Suratman. 2014. Keragaman suweg (Amorphophallus campanulatus di wilayah eks karesidenan Surakarta berdasarkan karakter morfologi, anatomi dan pola pita isozim. Bioteknologi 11: 11-18. The aims of this research were to find out the diversity and relationship among elephant yam in Surakarta region based on variation of morphological, anatomical and isozyme banding patterns characters. Total 20 samples were taken using random purposive sampling technique in different altitude of 7 districts. Morphological, anatomical and isozyme banding pattern data were analyzed descriptively. The steady data of quantitative characteristic from morphological, anatomical and isozyme banding pattern of binary data was analyzed using an Index of Similarity (IS and computed by the program Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate Analysis System (NTSYS version 2.10. The result showed that the elephant yam in Surakarta region were diverse based on morphological, anatomical and isozyme banding pattern, especially in ratio and color of petiolus; tuber ratio; index of stomatal; thick epidermis; thick mesophyll; term and ratio of palisade; term rafida; 4 peroxidase and 5 esterase isozyme banding pattern. Analysis of relationship of elephant yam based on morphological, anatomical and isozyme band pattern characters showed the similarity coefficient of 64,85% contained two major group. The first group consist of Boyolali 1, Boyolali 3, Boyolali 4, Wonogiri 4, Wonogiri 2, Karanganyar 1, Karanganyar 2, Karanganyar 3, Sragen 2, while the other samples were separated from this group.

  1. Konflik Batin Tokoh Utama Dalam Novel Saman Karya Ayu Utami: Pendekatan Psikoanalisis Sigmund Freud

    OpenAIRE

    Saputra, Joko

    2015-01-01

    Psikologi dalam sastra mengandung kejadian-kejadian yang tampak lewat perilaku tokoh-tokohnya. Melalui perilaku tokoh-tokohnya akan tampak konflik batin yang dialami oleh masing-masing tokoh dalam karya sastra. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konflik batin tokoh utama berdasarkan peristiwa-peristiwa yang dialaminya dalam novel Saman Karya Ayu Utami. Untuk memperoleh hasil tersebut dipergunakan teori psikologi sastra dengan penerapan teori-teori psikoanalisis Sigmund Freud. Metode pe...

  2. GAMBARAN KETAJAMAN PENGLIHATAN BERDASARKAN INTENSITAS BERMAIN GAME SISWA LAKI-LAKI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GIANYAR I BULAN MARET– APRIL 2013

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    Kadek Gede Bakta Giri

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Mata adalah panca indera penting yang perlu pemeriksaan dan perawatan secara teratur. Dari penelitian yang dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Sanglah Denpasar dari 1 Januari sampai 31 Desember 2011 dilaporkan jumlah pasien dengan kelainan refraksi mencapai 777 orang dan angka kejadian tertinggi terlihat pada kelompok umur usia sekolah 11-20 tahun (21,5%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran tajam pengelihatan dengan intensitas bermain game pada siswa laki-laki. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa SMP laki-laki di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Gianyar I yang dipilih secara acak dengan simple random sampling. Data yang diperoleh dari sampel menunjukkan bahwa sebanyak 71 orang (78,9% dari seluruh responden penggemar video game memiliki penurunan tajam penglihatan. Meningkatnya temuan penurunan tajam penglihatan seiring dengan peningkatan durasi bermain video game dipengaruhi oleh faktor gelombang elektromagnetik yang dipancarkan oleh layar monitor video game. Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah terdapat kecendrungan peningkatan jumlah penurunan tajam penglihatan pada siswa laki-laki yang memiliki intensitas bermain game yang lama.  

  3. Perbedaan Perlukaan Genitalia Perempuan Berdasarkan Posisi Persetubuhan Diluar Perkawinan di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2010-2012

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    Ami Tri Nursasmi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPersetubuhan diluar perkawinan menjadi suatu masalah di pengadilan karena banyaknya perbedaan pendapat mengenai perlukaan selaput dara. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membuktikan perbedaan perlukaan selaput dara tersebut yang dilakukan di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang, mencakup karakteristik korban, perlukaan selaput dara, perlukaan dibagian tubuh lain, dan hubungan perlukaan berdasarkan posisi persetubuhan. Penelitian ini bersifat analitik. Sampel sebanyak 81 responden yang telah mengalami persetubuhan diluar perkawinan. Data diambil dari Bagian Forensik RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang periode bulan Juli 2010 sampai dengan Juli 2012. Data diolah dengan menggunakan program komputer dan dianalisis melalui uji chi square. Dari 81 subjek penelitian ditemukan hasil tertinggi berupa usia korban adalah 12-18 tahun (62%, pekerjaan sebagai pelajar (56%, alamat berada di Kecamatan Koto Tangah (20%, hubungan korban dengan pelaku sebagai pacar (48%, perlukaan selaput dara pada arah jarum jam selain 5 dan 7 (47%, tidak tampaknya tanda-tanda kekerasan dibagian tubuh lain (81%. Dari uji chi square didapatkan nilai p = 0,585 dengan demikian Ha penelitian ditolak (p>0,05. Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapatnya hubungan yang signifikan antara perlukaan selaput dara dengan posisi persetubuhan diluar perkawinan.Kata kunci: Persetubuhan, selaput dara, perlukaanAbstractNon marital sexual activity has been being a big issues on the court because there are contradictions argument about wounded hymen. This research is conducted to prove the difference of that wound occurs in public hospital of dr.M.Djamil Padang, including the victim’s character, hymen’s injury, another injury in other parts body, and the connection of each injuries based on intercourse position. This research having an analitical nature. 81 respondents of sample who done non marital sexual activity. The data taken from Forensics division of RSUP dr.M.Djamil Padang for period of July

  4. Larangan Gratifikasi Dalam Rangka Good Corporate Governance Di BUMN Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 Jo Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2001 Tentang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi (Studi pada PT.Perkebunan Nusantara III)

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Jimmy Ardhianta

    2010-01-01

    Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) merupakan salah satu tiang perekonomian nasional. Dalam sistem perekonomian nasional, BUMN berperan sebagai pelaksana pelayanan publik, membantu pengembangan usaha kecil dan koperasi, penyeimbang kekuatan swasta besar atau mengganti kekuatan swasta lemah. Pada Badan Usaha Milik Negara dimana saham perusahaan sebagian besar dipegang oleh negara melalui kementrian BUMN, sehingga sangat ditekankan untuk menerapkan sistem perusahaan yang berdasarkan kepada prinsip-...

  5. Kualitas Air Minum Yang Diproduksi Depot Air Minum Isi Ulang Di Kecamatan Bungus Padang Berdasarkan Persyaratan Mikrobiologi

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    Rido Wandrivel

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Latar belakang: Pendahuluan: Setiap depot air minum wajib melakukan pemeriksaan mutu produk sesuai dengan peraturan yang berlaku, namun tidak satupun dari sembilan depot air minum di Kecamatan Bungus melakukan hal tersebut. Diare adalah salah satu penyakit yang disebabkan oleh air minum yang tidak berkualitas. Morbiditas rate diare di Kecamatan Bungus tertinggi ke-2 di Kota Padang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas air minum yang dihasilkan depot air minum di Kecamatan Bungus berdasarkan persyaratan mikrobiologi. Metode Penelitian: Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah air minum yang berasal dari depot air minum isi ulang di Kecamatan Bungus Padang dan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh populasi yang ada, yaitu sembilan sampel. Penelitian dilaksanakan dalam 2 tahap yaitu pengambilan sampel air dengan galon air sekaligus observasi faktor yang mempengaruhi kualitas air dan pemeriksaan mikrobiologis dengan Most Probable Number Test (MPN terhadap sampel yang terdiri dari tiga tes, yaitu presumptive test, confirmative test, dan complete test. Hasil Penelitian: Lima dari sembilan sampel mengandung bakteri Coliform dan tiga dari lima sampel tersebut juga mengandung E. coli. Kesimpulan: Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa 55,6% depot air minum di Kecamatan Bungus menghasilkan air minum yang kualitasnya tidak memenuhi persyaratan mikrobiologi yang telah ditetapkan pemerintah. Beberapa faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi adalah air baku, kondisi depot, kebersihan operator, dan penanganan terhadap wadah pembeli. Kata kunci: Depot air minum isi ulang, pemeriksaan mikrobiologis Abstract Background: Every depot is obliged to do inspection of product quality prescribed by the regulations, but not one even also from nine drinking water depot in District of Bungus do the mentioned. Diarrhea is one of the disease that cause by bad quality water product. Diarrhea morbidity rate in the Bungus District is second highest in Padang City. This Research

  6. ANALISIS KELAYAKAN ISI BUKU TEKS MATA PELAJARAN EKONOMI SMA KELAS X BERDASARKAN KURIKULUM TINGKAT SATAUAN PENDIDIKAN ( KTSP DI KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koeri Ulinuha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah buku teks ekonomi SMA kelas X yang digunakan di Kabupaten Semarang sudah memenuhi standar kelayakan isi buku teks ekonomi menurut BSNP. Dan manfaat penelitian ini dapat memilih dan mempertimbankan dalam memilih buku teks pelajaran untuk refrensi belajar baik pihak siswa, guru dan pihak sekolahPenelitian ini dilakuakan terhadap isi buku teks pelajaran yang dianalisis secara kualitatif. Sehingga penelitian ini disebut penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik penelitian yang di gunakan adalah adalah teknik triangulasi. Analisis buku teks ekonomi untuk SMA kelas X melibatkan 5 orang penilai, yaitu 5 guru ekonomi. Dari 5 SMAN yang mengunakan buku teks pelajaran ekonomi dengan pengarang Alam S. dan penerbit Esis. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan lembar penilaian buku teks ekonomi dari BSNP dan menggunakan teknik wawancara terhadap dua guru ekonomi untuk memperkuat hasil dari penilaian dari buku teks ekonomi kelas X.Data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini berupa hasil penilaian yang berupa skor penilian dan hasil wawancara. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa buku ekonomi SMA Kelas X karangan Alam S. yang digunakan di Kabupaten Semarang sudah memenuhi standar kelayakan isi menurut BSNP. Buku teks ekonomi untuk SMA Kelas X karangan Alam S. dapat digunakan sebagai sumber belajar dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMA kelas X. Selain itu, perlu diadakan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk menganalisis buku teks ekonomi lain yang digunakan di Kabupaten Semarang.. The purpose of this research was to know whether textbooks high school economics class X used in Semarang Regancy already meet the standards of eligibility of the contents of the textbook economics according to BSNP. Analysis of economic text books for high school classes X involves 5 persons appraisers, i.e. 5 economics teacher. From 5 SMAN using textbook economics lessons with author and Publisher Alam S. Esis.. Data collection techniques

  7. Pembuatan Standard Operating Procedure (SOP Service Desk Berdasarkan Kerangka Kerja Itil V3 dengan Menggunakan Metode Analisis Gap Layanan (Studi Kasus: PT. XYZ , Tangerang

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    Annisa Rachmi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan Teknologi Informasi di banyak perusahaan telah menjadi satu hal penting dalam meningkatkan efektifitas dan efisiensi operasional bisnis yang mendukung tercapainya tujuan perusahaan, termasuk juga PT XYZ. Unit fungsional service desk sangat dibutuhkan oleh PT XYZ dalam mendukung operasional TI dan menangani permasalahan yang muncul serta memonitor terkait penggunaan TI yang ada di dalam perusahaan. Adanya kebutuhan PT XYZ untuk menjadikan service desk menjadi unit yang dapat berjalan dengan baik sesuai dengan fungsinya, menunjukkan bahwa perlunya penerapan tata kelola TI untuk mengatur dan mengelola aktivitas service desk. Salah satu tata kelola TI yang dimaksud adalah berupa prosedur kerja. Kerangka kerja Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL merupakan suatu best practice yang bertujuan secara berkelanjutan meningkatkan efisiensi operasional TI. Perancangan dan implementasi service desk berdasarkan kerangka kerja ITIL V3 di PT XYZ diperlukan dalam upaya meningkatkan layanan TI dan mengatasi masalah yang ada saat ini. Pembuatan SOP ini diinisialisasi dengan menggunakan metode analisis gap, proses-proses yang dimuat ke dalam SOP merupakan hasil analisis kesenjangan antara kondisi kekinian service desk PT XYZ dengan kondisi ideal service desk framework ITIL.

  8. RISIKO PEROKOK TERHADAP KEJADIAN GINGIVITIS

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    Niniek L. Pratiwi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study was done inorder to understand risk increasing coverage gingivitis at smokers. A crossectional study is conducted at Tambakrejo Surabaya Community Health Center. The sample of the study are patients that visit the Dental clinic of the Community Health Center, men aged between 18-45 years old and were not yet treated for scaling before. The number of sample are 191 respondents. The data analyzed by Chisquare For Trends. The result of this study showed that the risk of gingivitis among smokers increase as the quantity of cigarettes sucked per day increase.   Key  words: Smokers;Risk factor of Gingivitis

  9. RISIKO PEROKOK TERHADAP KEJADIAN GINGIVITIS

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    Niniek L. Pratiwi; Lestari Kantiwiludjeng

    2012-01-01

    This study was done inorder to understand risk increasing coverage gingivitis at smokers. A crossectional study is conducted at Tambakrejo Surabaya Community Health Center. The sample of the study are patients that visit the Dental clinic of the Community Health Center, men aged between 18-45 years old and were not yet treated for scaling before. The number of sample are 191 respondents. The data analyzed by Chisquare For Trends. The result of this study showed that the risk of gingivitis amo...

  10. NON-FOOD RISK FACTORS OF ANEMIA AMONG CHILD-BEARING AGE WOMEN (15-45 YEARS IN INDONESIA (FAKTOR RISIKO NON-MAKANAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA PEREMPUAN USIA SUBUR [15-45 TAHUN] DI INDONESIA

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    Dodik Briawan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Anemia merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang paling banyak ditemukan, baik di negara sedang berkembang maupun negara maju. Kelompok masyarakat yang rentan di antaranya ibu hamil dan perempuan usia subur (PUS. Identifikasi faktor risiko diperlukan dalam penajaman program mengatasi anemia. Tujuan: Menganalisis perbedaan karakteristik antara kelompok anemia dan non-anemia, serta faktor risiko non-pangan terhadap anemia defisiensi-besi pada kelompok PUS. Metode: Analisis data sekunder dari Survei Kesehatan Nasional (SURKESNAS 2001. Kriteria sampel adalah PUS berusia 15-45 tahun dengan sampel darah dan diukur kadar hemoglobin (Hb. Sebanyak 4.893 sampel memenuhi syarat analisis, yang diperoleh dari 13.000 sampel. Analisis faktor risiko anemia menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil: Rata-rata hemoglobin, indeks massa tubuh (IMT, lingkar pinggang, lingkar pinggul, dan tingkat pendidikan lebih rendah pada perempuan anemia dibandingkan dengan non-anemia defisiensi-besi (p<0,01. Indikator lain seperti umur, tinggi badan, rasio lingkar pinggang/pinggul, pendapatan, aktivitas fisik, status merokok, kebiasaan minum minuman beralkohol, dan status perkawinan tidak berbeda di antara kedua kelompok. Peubah status perkawinan, tingkat pendidikan, IMT, dan tekanan darah diastol berhubungan nyata dengan kejadian anemia defisiensi-besi (p<0,01. Analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan, kelompok PUS dengan IMT >18,5 cenderung tidak anemia (OR=0,6 dibandingkan kelompok dengan IMT <18,5 (p=0,00. Kelompok PUS dengan IMT <25,0 berpeluang untuk menjadi anemia sebesar 1,3 dibandingkan PUS >25,0 (p=0,01. Kesimpulan: Ukuran antropometri berhubungan dengan risiko terjadinya anemia defisiensi-besi. PUS dengan IMT tinggi cenderung tidak anemia defisiensi-besi. [Penel Gizi Makan 2010, 33(2: 102-109] Kata kunci: anemia defisiensi-besi, perempuan usia subur, faktor risiko, indeks massa tubuh

  11. KETERSEDIAAN HAYATI ZAT BESI, KANDUNGAN ZAT PEMICU DAN PENGHAMBAT PENYERAPAN ZAT BESI DALAM MAKANAN IBU HAMIL

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    M. Saidin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The iron content, iron bioavailability (in vitro method, enhancers and inhibitors of iron absorption were investigated in three different staple foods of diets in the district of Boyolali, Central Java. The results revealed that the average iron content of the diets based on rice, corn and cassava were 18.8 mg, 17.8 mg and 19.9 mg, respectively or equal to 34.3%, 32.0% and 35.0% of Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA for Indonesia. The average vitamin C content of the diets based on rice, corn and cassava were 21.9 mg (31.3% RDA, 21.1 mg (30.1% RDA and 17.3 mg (24.7% RDA, respectively. The average of protein content of the diets based on rice, corn and cassava were 47.1 g (78.5% RDA, 50.0 g (83.3% RDA and 31.1 g (51.8% RDA, respectively. The average content of tannic acid and phytic acid as inhibitors of iron absorption in the diets based on rice, corn and cassava were (1154 mg and 261.5 mg; (980 mg and 342.7 mg and (838 mg and 341.5 mg, respectively. An addition of 100 mg of vitamin C or papaya fruit (250 mg into the diets, increased iron bioavailability up to 54.2%. Keywords: iron bioavailability, enhancer agent, inhibitor agent, in vitro.

  12. PEMETAAN WILAYAH RAWAN BENCANA BERDASARKAN DATA IKROSEISMIK MENGGUNAKAN TDS ( Time Digital Seismograph Tipe 303 S ( Studi Kasus : Kampus I UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang dan Sekitarnya

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    Irjan, Ahmad Bukhori

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang mikrozonasi seismik di kampus I UIN Maulana  Malik Ibrahim  Malang  dan  sekitarnya.  penelitian  yang  dilakukan  oleh  penulis  adalah  penelitian  awal mikrozonasi  di  wilayah  kampus  I  UIN  Maulana  Malik  Ibrahim  Malang  dan  sekitarnya  untuk mengatahui  spektral  rasio  H/V(horizontal  vertikal  sehingga  dapat  diketahui  tingkat  kerawanan kerusakan  akibat   gempabumi   yang   dapat   digunakan   dalam  mitigasi   bencana   alam,   terutama gempabumi.  Mikrotremor  merupakan  vibrasi  lemah  di  permukaan  bumi  yang  berlangsung  terus menerus akibat adanya sumber getar seperti aktivitas manusia, industri dan lalu lintas. Sumber-sumber lain seperti interaksi angin, bangunan, arus laut dan gelombang laut periode panjang juga merupakan sumber  mikrotremor.  Penelitian  ini  dilakukan  dengan  menggunakan  metode  HVSR  (Horizontal Vertical Spectral Ratio atau A dengan merekam ambient noise atau getaran alami yang timbul dari alam di kampus I UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang dan sekitarnya akibat  gempabumi. Hal ini akan berguna untuk melihat karakteristik lapisan sedimen seperti frekuensi dominan (   sehingga efek geologi dan topograpi dapat dikurangi ketika bencana terjadi. Berdasarkan hasil  yang diperoleh dari penelitian, antara    dan A memperlihatkan bahwa potensi kerusakan akibat gempabumi adalah cukup rendah. Hal ini bersesuaian dengan nilai indeks kerentanan seismik (Kg yang berkisar antara 0,055 hingga 2,856. Dari analisis ketiga parameter ditemukan potensi yang tinggi di sekitar wilayah titik 5 dan 4 yang memiliki nilai indeks kerentanan seismik (Kg sebesar 31,205 dan 76,097.

  13. Kebutuhan Frekuensi untuk Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR Pita Lebar di Indonesia [Frequency Requirement for Broadband Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDRin Indonesia

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    Diah Yuniarti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Permintaan akan pengembangan aplikasi Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR pita lebar terus meningkat dalam beberapa tahun terakhir seiring dengan kebutuhan untuk tanggap bencana yang lebih efisien dan efektif.  Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi kebutuhan frekuensi PPDR pita lebar di Indonesia yang meliputi kejadian harian (PP1 dan kejadian  darurat besar (PP2 pada pita frekuensi 400 MHz dan 800 MHz. Teknik pemodelan dan simulasi digunakan untuk menghitung kebutuhan frekuensi berdasarkan data skenario dan jumlah kejadian yang diperoleh. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebutuhan frekuensi untuk mengakomodasi kejadian PP1 diperkirakan sebesar 2x10 MHz. Sedangkan, kebutuhan frekuensi untuk kejadian PP2 diperkirakan sebesar 2x20 MHz untuk LTE FDD atau 30 MHz untuk LTE TDD. *****Demands regarding on application development of broadband Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR are increasing in recent years as more requirements on more efficient and effective disaster responses. This research identified broadband PPDR frequency requirements in Indonesia, comprising of daily incidents (PP1 and large emergency incidents (PP2 at 400 MHz and 800 MHz frequency bands. Modelling and simulation techniques are used to calculate frequency requirement based on scenario and number of incidents data obtained. Research result shows frequency requirements to accommodate PP1 incidents is estimated at 2x10 MHz. Meanwhile, frequency requirement to accommodate PP2 incidents is estimated at 2x20 MHz for LTE FDD or 30 MHz for LTE TDD.

  14. Kadar Malondialdehid (MDA) Pada Kejadian Dismenore Primer

    OpenAIRE

    Prabudi, M Oky; Nasution, Syamsul A.; M. Fahdhy; Lubis, Rushakim; Edianto, Deri; Yusuf, M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine differences in MDA levels in menarche age adolescents with and without primary dysmenorrhea Methods: The study used a case control design with comparative analytical approach method and correlative analysis. The analysis carried out in the form of bivariate variables. Subjects were students at the elementary and junior high schools and the Integrated Al-Ulum Al-Washliyah MTsS in Medan. All the girls who have been menstruating for 6 -12 months since menarche and ha...

  15. Model Persediaan Terintegrasi Berdasarkan Perbandingan Biaya

    OpenAIRE

    Sibarani, Johannes Andre

    2011-01-01

    Every company must be has the policy in managing its inventory, so that production processes can be run well. Two mathematical model of inventories are analised. The aim of these models are minimizing the total cost of inventories on a company and its distributor. The first mathematical model is IDQ (Identical Delivery Quantity) model, the amount of delivery to distributor is identically for every replenishment. The second one is DWP (Delivery What is Produced) model, the amoun...

  16. Penciptaan Naskah Drama Narcissus Berdasarkan Mitologi Yunani

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    Titis Rahayuningtiar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Naskah drama Narcissus adalah sebuah naskah drama dengan genre klasik yang mengusung irama tragis. Narcissus adalah sebuah tokoh yang berasal dari cerita mitologi Yunani. Narcissus merupakan seorang pemuda sombong yang sangat mengagungkan keindahan yang ada dalam dirinya. Hingga suatu hari Narcissus dikutuk untuk jatuh cinta pada bayangannya sendiri. Penciptaan naskah drama Narcissus bertujuan untuk mengisi kelangkaan naskah drama yang sumber idenya berasal dari fenomena narsis di masyarakat dan konsep irama tragis dalam mitologi Yunani. Metode penciptaan mengusung sebuah metode kreatif yang terdiri dari tahap eksplorasi, pembentukan dan improvisasi. Hasil  penciptaan naskah ini adalah sebuah naskah bergenre klasik yang memiliki pesan moral bahwasanya seseorang yang menganggap dirinya sempurna akan memberi akibat buruk untuk dirinya sendiri. Kesempurnaan hanyalah milik Tuhan.Kata kunci: Narcissus, Yunani, mitologi.ABSTRACTThe Creation of the Drama Script of Narcissus Based on the Greek Mythology. The script of Narcissus drama is a script of drama with a classical genre which carries the tragic rhythm on it. Narcissus is a character in the story of the Greek Mythology. He is an arrogant young man who really likes to glorify himself on the beauty of what he has. Unfortunatelly, one day he was cursed to fall in love with his own reflection. The creation of drama script of Narcissus is aimed to fill the scarcity of drama scripts in which the basic sources of idea come from narcissistic phenomena in a society and the concept of the tragic rhythm in the Greek mythology. The method of creation brings a creative method comprising the steps of exploration, creation, and improvisation. The result of this script creation is a classical genre script which has a moral message in which a person who considers himself perfectly will give a bad impact to himself. Nevertheles, perfection belongs to God only.Key words: Narcissius, Greek , mythology

  17. KEKERABATAN Hoya (ASCLEPIADACEAE SUMATERA BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGI

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    Sri Rahayu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Morphological relationships analysis of Hoya species from Sumatra was carried out. The study was taken both from the living collections at Bogor Botanic Garden and the herbarium specimens at Herbarium Bogoriense. There are 25 Hoya species in Sumatra resulted from the total of 129 samples number. Cluster analysis was run by Clique of Phylip software based on morphological diagnostic characters. Five paraphiletic groups were resulted from the phylogenic analyses. The groups constructed from this analysis were tending to be identical with the Schlecter's section classification.

  18. Garis dan Titik Berdasarkan Riset Visual

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    Devi Kurniawati Homan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A design may not be created instantly, without going through a process of creation. At the beginning it all starts from nothing, blank. It requires a visual research to make a visual communication. Without a visual research, the design will not have a strong meaning to be communicated. When an idea is created, the next step is to generate the idea to become a design. The first thing a designer to do is drawing a line. Line is one of the design basic elements. In the journey to make a good design, a designer requires a visual record to assist her/him in remembering what is important. A visual record contains not only visual things seen by eyes, but also the perceived things. What is felt at the moment is important because it is easier to forget than visual memory. Sense is an important element in design. A good work will easily be communicated not only by visuals but also from senses. The study was conducted as an insight into the process of making a visual record of nirmana using visual recording method in the exploration of dots and dashes. This method was used to sharpen the sensitivity of students to dots and lines. Initially, the students visited a traditional market to do the visual research. After that, they created a visual record in the form of the composition of dots and lines in nirmana to remember the taste, smell, and visual experiences.

  19. Semantik Suksesi Sistem Informasi Berdasarkan Populasi Teks

    OpenAIRE

    Elfida, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The information system success relates to the measurement of user satisfaction and information system actuators. In other words, the existence of information systems are always related to organizations or groups of people that involve information technology for processing and presenting data in decision making. Therefore, the existence of an information system deal with information technology changes, changes in demanding service to users of information systems. Especially the ...

  20. Alternatif Pengembangan Pendidikan Berdasarkan Nilai Kebutuhan Khusus

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    Silverius Constantino Johanes Maria Lake

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Community College is a kind of higher education. It focuses on diploma degree (the Two Year College. The objectives of Community College are to educate and to train students for getting working skills for jobs. The Community College has competencies that are suitable with the working area and the local needs. To run the Community College goodly and truly, values is needed. Those values influence the mission of Community College. The question was why Indonesian Higher Education accepts the Community College as a model of higher education. The problem was related to some models of higher education that do not fulfill the demands of companies yet. Therefore the Community College becomes a choice to answer the demands of industries and etrepreneurship. The right references to learn about Community College are American Community Colleges such as Highline Community College (Seattle, WA and Kapiolani Community Collere (Honolulu, HI. Each of those Community Colleges has the best program for example Highline Community College in Business Management, then Kapiolani Community College in Culinary Arts. This article used descriptive and argumentative method to show the importance of Commuity College in Indonesia.

  1. Garis dan Titik Berdasarkan Riset Visual

    OpenAIRE

    Devi Kurniawati Homan

    2015-01-01

    A design may not be created instantly, without going through a process of creation. At the beginning it all starts from nothing, blank. It requires a visual research to make a visual communication. Without a visual research, the design will not have a strong meaning to be communicated. When an idea is created, the next step is to generate the idea to become a design. The first thing a designer to do is drawing a line. Line is one of the design basic elements. In the journey to make a good des...

  2. Alternatif Pengembangan Pendidikan Berdasarkan Nilai Kebutuhan Khusus

    OpenAIRE

    Silverius Constantino Johanes Maria Lake

    2015-01-01

    The Community College is a kind of higher education. It focuses on diploma degree (the Two Year College). The objectives of Community College are to educate and to train students for getting working skills for jobs. The Community College has competencies that are suitable with the working area and the local needs. To run the Community College goodly and truly, values is needed. Those values influence the mission of Community College. The question was why Indonesian Higher Education accepts th...

  3. PERUMUSAN STRATEGI PERUSAHAAN BERDASARKAN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

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    Endah Utami

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Perusahaan Tenun Ikat Lestari Indah adalah perusahaan pembuatan kain dengan alat tenun bukan mesin. Dalam menjalankan bisnisnya, perusahaan menghadapi berbagai kendala, diantaranya daya beli masyarakat menurun akibat situasi perekonomian yang tidak menentu serta persaingan harga yang tidak sehat antar pengrajin. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk merumuskan strategi perusahaan sesuai dengan kondisi internal dan eksternal perusahaan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis SWOT, I-E (Internal-External, dan QSPM (Quantitative Strategy Planning Matrix. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan posisi bisnis perusahaan berada pada posisi pertumbuhan, sehingga strategi yang dirumuskan adalah menghindari kehilangan profit dan penjualan. Dari hasil analisis QSPM (Quantitative Strategy Planning Matrix diketahui strategi yang terpilih untuk strategi jangka pendek adalah menjalin hubungan baik dengan konsumen tetap , strategi jangka pendek-menengah adalah menjalin kerjasama dengan biro-biro perjalanan wisata, strategi jangka menengah adalah menetapkan tingkatan harga sesuai kualitas dan desain, dan strategi jangka panjang adalah memperluas jaringan pemasaran di dalam dan luar negeri.

  4. PENATAAN RUANG LAUT BERDASARKAN INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT

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    Dina Sunyowati

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The planning of coastal spatial arrangement must be put in the valid spatial planning system. Law Number 26 of 2007 on Spatial Planning and it is in fact related with land spatial planning, although that ocean and air spatial management will be arranged in separate law. The legal for coastal zone management is determined by using the principles of integrated coastal management by focusing on area or zone authority system. The integrated of coastal zones management regulations should be followed by the planning of coastal spatial arrange­ment. Therefore, certain synchronization at coastal zones governance is very important issue since by integrating and coordinating other related regulations and therefore conflict of norm can be minimized in the spatial planning coastal zone.

  5. Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik Berdasarkan Analisis Cross-sectional Data Awal Studi Kohort Penyakit Tidak Menular Penduduk Usia 25-65 Tahun di Kelurahan Kebon Kalapa, Kota Bogor Tahun 2011

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    Eva Sulistiowati

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractGlomerular Filtration Rate (GFR is associated with renal function and used to diagnose Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD. CKD is considered a serious worldwide public health problem, and the prevalence is increasing dramatically. The aim of the analisis is to explore of the factors associated with estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR. This analysis used subset baseline data Cohort Study Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD 2011 with a cross-sectional design. CKD was defined as those withan estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. We analyzed of 1932 subjects (820 males and 1112 females aged 25-65 years old. GFR was estimated by using calibrated serum creatinine level with a formula CKD-epi, devided into ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Subject with e-GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was 2,3%, and increased remarkably with age. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that age of 49-65 years (OR=13.57; 95% CI: 4.73-38.97,economic status quintile 1 (OR=4.44; 95% CI: 1.14-17.39, hipertension (OR=3.71;95% CI: 1.82-7.59, male gender (OR=2.97; 95% CI: 1.49-5.92, diabetes mellitus (OR=2.54; 95% CI=1.24-5.20, obesity(OR=2.51; 95% CI: 1.20-5.25, were significant factors that were independently associated with CKD.Keywords : risk factors; glomerular filtration rate; CKDAbstrakLaju filtrasi glomerulus (LFG berhubungan dengan kondisi fungsi ginjal dan digunakan sebagai penentu diagnosis Penyakit Ginjal Kronik (PGK. PGK merupakan masalah kesehatan yang serius dan prevalensinya meningkat secara drastis. Tujuan analisis ini untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan PGK. Data diambil dari subset data Studi Kohor Penyakit Tidak Menular (PTM di Kota Bogor Tahun 2011, menggunakan disain analisis potong lintang. Subjek yang dianalis berjumlah 1932 orang(1112 perempuan dan 820 laki-laki berumur 25-65 tahun. LFG diklasifikasikan menurut estimasi LFG (e-LFG berdasarkan kriteria CKD-epi, dengan kategori ≥60 mL/min/1,73 m2

  6. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Obesitas pada Mahasiwa Fakultas Kedokteran USU

    OpenAIRE

    Lestari, Sri

    2013-01-01

    Prevalence of overweight and obesity has significantly increased during the last decades and is considered an important public health problem. In Indonesia, the prevalence of obesity has also increased. Based on data Riskesdas in 2010 the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Indonesia reached 21.7%, while in North Sumatra the rate is 25.4%. Prevalence of overweight and obesity on adult in City of Medan reached 24.6%(Riskesdas, 2007). Obesity in young adults is associated with in...

  7. ANALISIS SPASIAL FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN KEJADIAN DBD DI KABUPATEN DEMAK

    OpenAIRE

    Musyarifatun Farahiyah; Nurjazuli Nurjazuli; Onny Setiani

    2014-01-01

    AbstractDengue Haemoragic Fever (DHF) was still a public health problem in Demak District, Central Java. In the year of 2012, there were 483 DHF cases and 6 of them were died. Based on those cases, there was no clear information how those cases spread related to environmental and demographic factor. This research aimed to do spatial analysis of DHF incidence then it was related to House Index (HI), Container Index (CI), and the density of houses and occupant. It was an observational research ...

  8. Hubungan Dermatitis Atopik dengan Kejadian Dermatitis Kontak Alergi

    OpenAIRE

    Nelly

    2015-01-01

    Background :Allergic contact dermatitis is an acquired sensitivity to various sub-stances that produce inflammatory reactions in those, and only those, who have been previously sensitized to the allergen. Atopic dermatitis is known as risk factor in the development of allergic contact dermatitis. Some studies in association between atopic dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis incidence have found variety results. Objective :To investigate the association between atopic dermatitis and ...

  9. Hubungan Kejadian Flat Foot dengan Obesitas pada Anak

    OpenAIRE

    Levenia

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Flat foot is usually occurs and do not cause symptoms in under 5 years old children. But if occur in older children can cause pain even injury in children’s foot. One of flat foot’s risk factor is obesity. Although the prevalence of obesity is increasing every year, research of relationship between obesity and flat foot is still limited. The purpose of this research were to detect prevalence of obesity and flat foot, also to detect the relationship between obesity and flat foot ...

  10. HUBUNGAN POLA PENGGUNAAN ROKOK DENGAN TINGKAT KEJADIAN ASMA

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    Suharmiati Suharmiati

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tobacco use behaviors are known as determination factor of respiratory diseases as bronchial asthma. Secondary data of Basic Health Research 2007/2008 from samples of people aged ≥ 10 years old were analyzed to provide the description of tobacco use behaviors and the associations to bronchial asthma cases. The total samples were 15.254 people. Multiple Logistic Regression technique was applied to analyze the association. Results showed that tobacco use behavior (smoking behavior was 29.7%, while prevalence of bronchial asthma cases was 1.99%. The smokers tended increase according to higher age groups and also to higher education. The smokers were lightly higher (52.6% among females. For education the mayority of smokers were 47.02% unemployee followed by 37.42% for services/farmer/workers/others. The multivariate analysis showed that smokers of “kretek” cigarretes had risk 1.3 times (OR = 1.336 compared to smokers of others than “kretek” cigarettes, at age, sex, education, occupation constant. We suggest the government to pressure the implementation of law on tobacco and to enhance the community knowledge and awareness on dangers of tobacco use in order to prevent people from respiratory diseases. Key words: “kretek” cigarettes, risk, bronchial asthma, Basic Health Research 2007/2008

  11. HUBUNGAN POLA PENGGUNAAN ROKOK DENGAN TINGKAT KEJADIAN ASMA

    OpenAIRE

    Suharmiati Suharmiati; Lestari Handajani; Adianti Handajani

    2012-01-01

    Tobacco use behaviors are known as determination factor of respiratory diseases as bronchial asthma. Secondary data of Basic Health Research 2007/2008 from samples of people aged ≥ 10 years old were analyzed to provide the description of tobacco use behaviors and the associations to bronchial asthma cases. The total samples were 15.254 people. Multiple Logistic Regression technique was applied to analyze the association. Results showed that tobacco use behavior (smoking behavior) was 29.7%, w...

  12. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN FILARIASIS DI KELURAHAN JATI SAMPURNA

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    Dewi Susanna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Risk Factors of Filariasis in Jati Sampurna Village. The subdistrict Jati Sampurna is the most endemic area of filariasis in Bekasi City. This study was undertaken to get a picture of the situation and find the dominant risk factors associated with the occurrence of filariasis in the subdistrict. The research design encompasses case-study control with a total of 93 respondents. The variables studied were the physical environment in a house with six risk factors, characteristics of individuals with three risk factors, the physical environment outside the home, behavior, and the source transmitters, each of which with one risk factor. The risk factors associated with the incidence of the disease are the ceiling construction of the house, objects hanging in the house, the presence of wire screens, gender and the habit of going out at night. These four risk factors, in addition to the use of mosquito nets, is considered as the most dominant risk factors in the occurrence of filariasis in Kelurahan Jati Sampurna.

  13. PEROKOK WANITA DALAM PERSPEKTIF DEMOGRAFI DAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Veranita Prabaningrum; Suci Wulansari; Weny Lestari

    2012-01-01

    Background: A lot of disease's occurrence has been caused by smoking which exclusively happened to women, especially due to their health reproductive. The increasing tobacco's user among women caused more complexity problems,either on individual's health problems, infant's secureness, economic's and social's problems, and family's health problems. World Health Organization had been made the increasing acts against tobacco on women user as priority. Methods:This study is an advanced analysis f...

  14. PERILAKU IBU PENGGUNA BOTOL SUSU DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA

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    Budi Haryanto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Conduct of Mothers as Users of Milk Bottles and the Incidence of Diarrhea in Infants. Diarrheal disease is still one of the major diseases in public health problems in Indonesia because of its high incidence and mortality. Almost all cases of acute diarrhea are caused by bacterial infection, the most frequent of which is diarrhea, an infection of the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli. These bacteria enter the human body through the hands or through tools such as bottles, pacifiers, thermometers and eating utensils contaminated by the feces of patients or carriers. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between the conduct of mothers as users of milk bottles for their infants in Sub-District Kayuringin South Bekasi Jaya, Bekasi District in 2008. A total of 160 persons made up the sample of mothers who participated in this study, which centered on the ways in which the bottles used for the infants were cleaned and the milk prepared. The results of the study showed that there was no correlation between the conduct of the mothers and the presence of E. coli. The result of the study implies that there are other factors that may be leading to the occurrence of diarrhea, such as environmental and individual health factors, specifically those related to hygiene, socio-cultural factors, nutritional factors, and social factors.

  15. Pengaruh Terapi Hemodialisis Reguler Terhadap Kejadian Hipertensi Pulmonal

    OpenAIRE

    Susilo, Theresia

    2012-01-01

    Introduction : End stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular haemodialysis (HD) has some cardiovascular complications, one of them is pulmonal hypertension (PHT) with mortality rate 30.8%. There are several factors affecting PHT in this group of patient, including arteriovenous fistula, cardiac output increase, anaemia, etc. PHT is an independent predictor of mortality in ESRD patients. Aim : The aim of this study were to evaluate the influence of regular HD therapy and the relation of...

  16. KEJADIAN TUMOR DI DESA GRUJUGAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS JAWA TENGAH

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    Ratih Oemiati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This is a pre survey according to handle of “outbreak” in Grujugan’s village Central Java, with crossectional study to take quantitative data. Secunder datas were taken from Health District Office in Banyumas, Central Java.  Focus group discussion of qualitative study was taken from head of village Grujugan dan head of Primary Health Care of Kemranjen II,  and in depth interview to two patients of cancer in Grujugan’s viilage.  The aim of this research is to explore a descriptive data of cancer patient in that village. Descriptive analysis and tri angulasi was taken in this research. The design of study was crossectional, carried among 46 tumor cases. It was 46 cancer cases that spread in 8 RW in Grujugan’s village, majority of cases lived in RW 6, 6 patients among of them was death, but there was not verbal otopsy or otopsy. Although 14 cases had biopsy from pathology anatomi department in Margono Hospital, 12 patients of them was lipoma, and it was 20 patients only clinical examination. Qualitative study showed that the patients were cared in hospital. In other hand, indepth interview with head of Grujugan’s village showed that some of that patients had genetic relationship.  We suggest to Health Office of District in Banyumas, it was good, if  early detection and community development should be done to cope with cancer Key words : Tumour’s Outbreak, Lipoma Abstrak Kanker merupakan penyebab utama morbiditas dan mortalitas di seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini merupakan pre survei yang dilakukan untuk menjawab surat permintaan dari Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah atas maraknya pemberitaan merebaknya kasus kanker/tumor di desa Grujugan, yang meresahkan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui data-data kanker secara deskriptif pada pasien yang bermukim di desa Grujugan. Penelitian ini merupakan crossectional study untuk data kuantitatif yang dilakukan pada bulan April 2006. Data sekunder kualitatif diperoleh di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyumas, selain itu juga dilakukan Focus Group Discussion dan juga dilakukan wawancara mendalam dengan Kepala Desa Grujugan dan kepala Puskesmas Kemranjen II, serta wawancara kepada dua orang pasien di desa Grujugan. Analisa data dilakukan secara deskriptif untuk data kuantitatif dan tri angulasi pada data kualitatif. Data kuantitatif Kasus tumor di Desa Grujugan sebanyak 46 kasus yang tersebar di 8 RW dimana mayoritas penderita tinggal di RW 6.  Dari 46 kasus tersebut 6 diantaranya meninggal dunia, namun tidak dilakukan otopsi verbal, sehingga tidak dapat diketahui penyebab kematiannya. Sebanyak 14 kasus telah didiagnosis di bagian PA RSUD dr Margono, 12 kasus sedang dalam proses pemeriksaan PA, sementara itu 20 kasus lainnya hanya didiagnosis secara klinis saja.  Hasil PA menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas penderita didiagnosis menderita Lipoma sebanyak 12 kasus.  Sedangkan hasil FGD dan wawancara dari 33 kasus yang telah ditinjak lanjuti ternyata 17 orang sembuh.  Hasil kualitatif menunjukkan bahwa penatalaksanaan penderita kanker/tumor sudah benar yaitu dirawat dirumah sakit untuk mendapatkan pengobatan lebih lanjut.  hasil indepth interview dengan kepala Desa Grujugan dikatakan bahwa beberapa penderita memiliki hubungan darah.   Saran agar dinas kesehatan melakukan deteksi dini penyakit kanker dan pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam penanggulangannya. Kata Kunci : KLB tumor, lipoma

  17. RASIO LINGKAR PINGGANG DAN PINGGUL DENGAN PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER DI RSUD KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO

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    Sunarti Sunarti

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Penyakit  jantung Koroner (PJK merupakan penyebab utama kematian di Indonesia. Obesitassentral merupakan salah satu faktor risiko yang sering dijumpai pada penderita PJK. Penilaian obesitas yang populer dimasyarakat seperti indeks massa tubuh (IMT tidak dapat menggambarkan obesitas sentral secara tepat pada individu. Saat ini rasio lingkar pinggang dan pinggul dianggap sebagai salah satu cara pengukuran antropometri yang lebih sensitif, murah dan mudah dalam menilai obesitas sentral. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan rasio lingkar pinggang dan pinggul dengan kejadian penyakit jantung koroner di RSUD Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan menggunakan rancangan penelitian cross-sectional. Tekanan darah dan kadar gula darah pada penelitian ini dijadikan sebagai variabel kontrol. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 109 yang ditentukan secara simple random sampling. Subjek penelitian adalah pasien yang datang ke IGD RSUD Kabupaten Sukoharjo yang dilakukan pemeriksaan EKG antara bulan Mei hingga September 2009. Hasil: Berdasarkan uji chi-square diperoleh hasil hubungan rasio lingkar pinggang dan pinggul dengan PJK dengan nilai RP = 1.760; CI 95% = 1,115 < RP < 2.778 dan p-value = 0,007. Hubungan tekanan darah dengan kejadian PJK dengan nilai RP = 1.533; CI 95% = 1,041 < RP < 2.256 dan p-value = 0,022 sedangkan hubungan kadar gula darah dengan PJK dengan nilai RP = 1,148; CI 95% = 0,779 < RP< 1.691 dan p-value = 0,317. Berdasarkan analisis multivariat dengan regresi logistik didapatkan hasil terdapat hubungan rasio lingkar pinggang pinggul dengan PJK dengan nilai p-value 0,028. Tidak ada hubungan antara tekanan darah dan kadar gula darah dengan nilai p-value 0,083 dan 0,782. Kesimpulan: terdapat hubungan antara rasio lingkar pinggang pinggul dengan kejadian PJK pada pasien di RSUD Kabupaten Sukoharjo.

  18. Perbedaan Post Purchase Regret Berdasarkan Perilaku Pada Konsumen Wanita

    OpenAIRE

    Fardhani, Diah

    2014-01-01

    Post purchase regret is a negative emotion of consumer after evaluating the purchase decision has been made, the evaluation is conducted based on the outcome and process of consumer decision making. This study was a comparative quantitative study aimed to determine differences on post purchase regret based on unplanned and substitute purchasing behavior. The research hypothesis was the differences in post purchase regret based on unplanned behavior and substitute purchasing. The study involve...

  19. PERAMALAN BISNIS BERDASARKAN PERILAKU KONSUMEN MENGGUNAKAN LOGIKA FUZZY

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    Aryanti Aryanti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi informasi sekarang ini telah melahirkan sistem cerdas. Aplikasi dari sistem cerdas dapat digunakan untuk peramalan. Salah satu metode dalam sistem cerdas yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan peramalan adalah menggunakan logika fuzzy. Penelitian dilakukan dengan memprediksi seberapa jauh keberhasilan bisnis yang akan atau sedang dikerjakan. Sebuah bisnis akan dapat dijalankan dan mampu bertahan dalam era persaingan yang ketat jika perusahaan mampu memperhatikan kepuasan pelanggan atau konsumennya. Perilaku konsumen tidak terlepas dari karakteristik produk baik mengenai penampilan, gaya, mutu dan harga dari produk tersebut. Pada penelitian ini dibangun model regresi menggunakan logika fuzzy antara tingkat pendidikan, pendapatan dan kemampuan membeli seseorang. Model regresi ini diharapkan akan mampu melakukan peramalan tentang bisnis yang akan dijalankan. Pada penelitian ini diperoleh bahwa jika sebagian besar suatu wilayah berpenduduk dengan tingkat pendidikan mahasiswa dan pendapatan sekitar Rp.1 juta maka dapat diduga bahwa keputusan akan pembelian produk sebesar 76.3 atau konsumen akan mampu untuk mengeluarkan dana sebesar 7.63% dari pendapatannya untuk membeli produk. Kata Kunci: Peramalan, Perilaku Konsumen, Logika Fuzzy 

  20. ANALISIS KUALITAS LULUSAN BERDASARKAN TINGKAT KEPUASAN PENGGUNA LULUSAN

    OpenAIRE

    Ira Setyaningsih; Muchammad Abrori

    2013-01-01

    In education, the students are the products to be input and the output are graduates. Users of graduates are consumers who need to know the level of satisfaction to provide a self-evaluation in improving the institutions. It is also stated in the accreditation forms BAN PT. However, a grain questions that sought to know is very little. The research was conducted at a university in Yogyakarta. Research trying to describe in detail the attributes of quality of graduates based on the user satisf...

  1. Pembuatan Komposit Termoplastik Berdasarkan Serat Kelapa Sawit Dengan Kaedah Prapreg

    OpenAIRE

    Maulida

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this project to expand the prepreg concept to non non-continuous based fibers, especially agriculture waste and other waste materials like as palm fiber, newspaper fiber and rice husk fiber. Akrylonytrille butadiene styrene (ABS) is used as the matrix, meanwhile methyl ethyl cetone (MEK) acts as the solvent. The scope of the study on the resin mixing technique with known amount with ratio 1 : 1. The resin mixing technique with known amount (method B) produces prepregs with varying ...

  2. PENGELOMPOKKAN KABUPATEN DI PROVINSI BALI BERDASARKAN PERKEMBANGAN FASILITAS PARIWISATA

    OpenAIRE

    NOVA SARI BARUS; I PUTU EKA NILA KENCANA; KOMANG GDE SUKARSA

    2013-01-01

    The development of tourism facilities in each district/city between districts with each district is different. The purpose of this study was to determine the grouping of several districts in the province of Bali is based on the number of tourism facilities as well as what the variable identifier of each group. The analysis used in this study is the analysis of clusters and Biplot. The data used is secondary data obtained from the Bali Tourism Office in 2011. Variables used are classified hote...

  3. Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Berdasarkan Konsep Tri Hita Karana untuk Kegiatan Ekowisata

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    I Wayan Runa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractBalinese society has from a long time ago managedand developed their land based on environmentallyfriendly principles. These principles have been inspired byimplementations of the Balinese Tri Hita Karana conception. Thisarticle attempts to explain various spatial developments relatingto ecotourism activities that are founded by Tri Hita Karanavalues and practices. It constructs its arguments by conductingan intensive literature study to review relevant hypotheses andconcepts proposed by scholars in the field. The article concludesthat ecotourism is a form of environmentally friendly touristdevelopments and is seen to be the most sustainable modelfor future’s tourism. The article completes its conclusion byunderlining that for its success, ecotourism related developmentpractices should be first understood. It then should come witha certain framework and standard for its implementations. Bestpractices pertaining to the ecotourism development should becertified and accessible by public and others parties involved. Inaddition to these remarks, the article conclusively proposes TriHita Kharana conception as a framework that offers guidancefor sustainably developed ecotourism. This local concept alsoprovides direction as to how its development and its impact onspatial development can be approached and managed, especiallyto the case of Bali.

  4. ANALISIS CITRA PERMUKAAN THERMOCHROMIC LIQUID CRYSTAL BERDASARKAN NILAI STATISTIK HUE

    OpenAIRE

    Risti Suryantari; - Flaviana

    2014-01-01

    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengamati perbedaan citra pada permukaan Thermocromic Liquid Crystal (TLC) R25C5W akibat perubahan temperatur. Metode yang digunakan untuk analisis adalah pengolahan citra berbasis morfologi matematika menggunakan perangkat lunak Matlab2013a. Citra asli yang diperoleh dalam bentuk RGB dikonversi menjadi HSV (hue, saturation, value), dengan mengambil komponen hue saja. Proses utama yang digunakan adalah opening dengan struktur elemen (SE) line. Berdasark...

  5. PENGELOMPOKKAN KABUPATEN DI PROVINSI BALI BERDASARKAN PERKEMBANGAN FASILITAS PARIWISATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOVA SARI BARUS

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The development of tourism facilities in each district/city between districts with each district is different. The purpose of this study was to determine the grouping of several districts in the province of Bali is based on the number of tourism facilities as well as what the variable identifier of each group. The analysis used in this study is the analysis of clusters and Biplot. The data used is secondary data obtained from the Bali Tourism Office in 2011. Variables used are classified hotel, non-classified hotels, home stays, restaurants, bars, tourist destination, the area of ??tourism, water tourism and business. The results of this study formed three groups: group 1 Bangli, Buleleng, Jembrana District, Klungkung, Karangasem district and Denpasar City. Group 2 and group 3 Badung district of Gianyar district. Variable identifier is a restaurant for all variables.

  6. EKUITAS MEREK JASA GERAI BUAH-BUAHAN BERDASARKAN PERSEPSI KONSUMEN

    OpenAIRE

    Erdiasa Nursaman; Ujang Sumarwan; Setiadi Djohar

    2015-01-01

    The need of fruits and the number of fruit outlets in Jakarta has been increasing, therefore the study on brand equity of fruit outlet services according to consumer’s perception is now required. In detail the purpose of this study is to analyze the demographic characteristics of  fruits outlets consumer in Jakarta, analyzing the factors that affect brand equity of fruits outlets services, analyze the level of contribution of brand equity variables fruits outlets service in Jakarta and analyz...

  7. Penentuan Umur Bercak Darah Manusia Berdasarkan Perubahan Warna

    OpenAIRE

    Harianja, Dessy Darmayani

    2011-01-01

    Background: Most criminal cases with physical abuse such as murder, torturing, raping and so on may be found blood, sperm, saliva, urine, hair or others anatomic tissue in crime scene. To identify the time of physical abuse that resulting injured victim and leave blood spots that can be found in crime scene, where there’s no eye witness that seen the incident need observations and accurate and proper method. Observation regarding the changing color of the blood spots have ever been done b...

  8. Keanekaragaman Mirabilis jalapa L. Berdasarkan Pola Pita Isozim Peroksidase

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    AHMAD DWI SETYAWAN

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Mirabilis jalapa L. is a gardening plant which growth easily planted because their beautiful color and flower’s ornaments. The aims of the research were to find out the variation of isozyme band of peroxidase (PER and their close relationship of M. jalapa cultivated based on their different flower’s color. The method used in this study was polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis. The collecting data were analyzed using calculation of association coefficient (Gower’s coefficient with cluster analysis used for similarities of their arithmetic. The results showed that in M. jalapa were found 21 variation of isozyme bands of peroxidase (PER from 8 Rf of 0.04; 0.08; 0.20; 0.28; 0.36; 0.48; 0,60; and 0.64. M. jalapa with white and red nodes flower’s (BIN and white and red line flower’s (GAR have the nearest genetic relationship with similarity index of 0.76. M. jalapa with white and red nodes flower’s (BIN and white and red line flower’s (GAR joined with red flower’s (MER on 0.73 of similarity index then joined with white flower’s (PUT on 0.64 of similarity index and yellow flower’s (KUN on0.49 of similarity index. At least, M. jalapa with orange flower’s (ORA joined with M. jalapa cultivars on 0.41 of similarity index.

  9. Penentuan Konsentrasi Tanah dalam Air Sungai Berdasarkan Perbedaan Warna

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    Imam Sofi'i

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Information of soil erosion is very useful related with prevention action and planning in the future. The objective of this research is to determine soil concentration in water river based on colour differences using image processing and artificial neural network (ANN. Soil and water mixture image was taken using a digital camera then was processed by an image processing program. Two ANN Models were developed. The first model had 3 input parameters while the second model had 6 input parameters. Both models had altogether one output parameters of the soil concentration. The accuracy of the first model was 38% while the second one was 36%.

  10. Penentuan Nilai Noise Berdasarkan Slice Thickness Pada Citra CT Scan

    OpenAIRE

    Sihombing, Hediana

    2015-01-01

    Noise measurements have been carried out with changes in thick slices CT Scan image by selecting the ROI on a water phantom objects. The method used in the measurement of noise values ranging from 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm, 5 mm, 6 mm, 7 mm, 8 mm, 9 mm, and 10 mm and eksposi factor of 100 kV and 500 mAs. The results obtained are 6.32 HU; 5:14 HU; 3.86 HU; HU 3:48; HU 3:14; 2.94 HU; 2.78 HU; 2.52 HU; HU HU 2:44 and 2:38. The thicker slices diminishing the noise then the resulting CT images wer...

  11. Preferensi Konsumen Terhadap Merek Smartphone Berdasarkan Sistem Operasi

    OpenAIRE

    Atmodjo, Giovanni Evangelista

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis hubungan antara OS yang digunakan saat ini, preferensi terhadap merek smartphone, dan hubungan antara fitur smartphone dan pemilihan merek smartphone berbasis OS Android. Sampel dari penelitian ini adalah warga di Yogyakarta yang menggunakan smartphone. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan Convenience Sampling. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan membagikan kuisioner kepada 156 responden. Hasil dalam penelitia...

  12. Khazana Warna Berdasarkan Hasana Alam dan Budaya Nusantara (1)

    OpenAIRE

    Mita Purbasari Wahidiyat; R. A. Diah Resita I. K. Jakti

    2011-01-01

    Using colors for designing purpose is become an important part of designer, such as graphic designer, interior, product, least but not last for architect and artist. Like humans, color need to have a name to identify according to its character, psychology and emotional effect. This research applied the qualitative and quantitative method to give a brief description about colors name and propose new color naming which based on character, nature, and imagery it evokes. This research...

  13. ALOKASI PASOKAN BERDASARKAN PRODUK UNGGULAN UNTUK RANTAI PASOK SAYURAN SEGAR

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    Marimin Marimin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Application of artificial inteligent by using fuzzy logic can be one of way to handle supply chain situation in uncertainty environment. It was widely concern to study a supply chain using fuzzy logic that most needed. Ain of the study was apply fuzzy logic in determination of supply allocation for superior product in vegetables supply chain. Models was developed in three sub models. First was determination vegetables types that superior by using pareto technique and exponential compaarison method (MPE. Second was expert system to determine supply needed and finally was optimizing supply allocation using fuzzy multi-objective linear programming. The model was applied in a vegetables agroindustry that superior product selected was red paprica. Analysis againts model behaviour is conducted for pesimistic and optimistic scenarios. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Penerapan kecerdasan buatan dengan logika fuzzy bisa menjadi salah satu cara untuk mengatasi situasi rantai pasok dalam lingkungan ketidakpastian. Perhatian yang lebih luas untuk pembahasan rantai pasok menggunakan teknik fuzzy masih sangat dibutuhkan. Studi ini bertujuan menerapkan logika fuzzy dalam penentuan alokasi pasokan untuk produk unggulan pada rantai pasok agroindustri sayuran. Model yang terdiri dari tiga sub model. Sub model pertama adalah penentuan jenis sayuran yang diunggulkan menggunakan kombinasi teknik pareto dan metode perbandingan eksponensial (MPE. Sub model kedua adalah sistem pakar untuk menentukan kebutuhan pasokan menggunakan logika fuzzy. Sub model ketiga adalah optimasi alokasi pasokan menggunakan programa linear obyektif majemuk fuzzy. Model yang dibangun kemudian diterapkan pada sebuah perusahaan agroindustri sayuran dengan produk unggulan terpilih adalah paprika merah. Analisis terhadap prilaku model juga dilakukan untuk skenario pesimis dan optimis. Kata kunci: fuzzy, sistem pakar, MPE, obyektif majemuk, sayuran

  14. Redesain Meja dan Kursi Kelas Berdasarkan Antropometri Siswa SDN 060796

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Perabot kelas, yang terdiri dari meja dan kursi, merupakan fasilitas fisik yang penting karena aktivitas belajar siswa, seperti membaca, menggambar, menulis dan kegiatan lainnya, banyak dihabiskan di dalam kelas. Antropometri merupakan faktor penting yang harus dipertimbangkan dalam perancangan perabot kelas guna menentukan dimensi perabot kelas yang tepat dan dapat memfasilitasi pengguna dengan sikap duduk yang baik. Penelitian ini berlokasi di Sekolah Dasar Negeri 060796 Kecamatan Medan Are...

  15. ANALISIS KUALITAS LULUSAN BERDASARKAN TINGKAT KEPUASAN PENGGUNA LULUSAN

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    Ira Setyaningsih

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In education, the students are the products to be input and the output are graduates. Users of graduates are consumers who need to know the level of satisfaction to provide a self-evaluation in improving the institutions. It is also stated in the accreditation forms BAN PT. However, a grain questions that sought to know is very little. The research was conducted at a university in Yogyakarta. Research trying to describe in detail the attributes of quality of graduates based on the user satisfaction level graduates. Object of study is alumni and also alumni users. The study was conducted during the months of August to November 2012. Attributes used are Communication Skills, Organizational Skills, Leadership, Logic, Effort, Ethics, Group and Other Skills. Other attributes are attributes about the ability of areas of expertise. From the results obtained, the attributes that need attention are Organizational Skills and Leadership with the highest gap -0.82. Overall, users of alumni do not feel satisfied, because all negative attributes.

  16. Pengembangan Pembelajaran IPS SD Berdasarkan Preskripsi Component Display Theory (CDT)

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Nugroho Hidayanto

    2016-01-01

    High quality of instructional design is needed to reach high instructional quality. It should be designed based on the assumption that different types of conditions and learner outcomes required different methods. In fact, this assumption has been ignored by the social studies teachers. It brings on low quality of instruction. Component Display Theory (CDT) model gives a set of instructional prescriptions based on the link and match of condition variables and those of the methods. CDT is comi...

  17. Game Edukasi ‘Simulasi Haji’ Menggunakan Ren’Py pada Perangkat Android untuk Simulasi Perjalanan Ibadah Haji

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    Vika Fitratunnany Insanittaqwa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Ibadah haji adalah salah satu ibadah umat Islam yang dilaksanakan setahun sekali di Mekkah, Arab Saudi. Namun, tidak semua muslim Indonesia mengetahui proses pelaksanaan ibadah haji secara detail, sehingga dibuatlah game “Simulasi Haji” untuk menjadi media pembelajaran simulasi perjalanan ibadah haji. Game ini dirancang berdasarkan referensi buku panduan ibadah haji dari Kementrian Agama dan berdasarkan wawancara dari jamaah haji. Terdapat tujuh level pada game ini yang dimulai dari proses pendaftaran hingga selesai haji sesuai dengan alur Gelombang II Indonesia. Selain itu, terdapat fakta kejadian acak yang dialami oleh jamaah haji dan doa-doa haji sebagai pelengkap simulasi. Implementasi dilakukan menggunakan Ren’Py dan Ren’Py Android Packaging Tool (RAPT sehingga dapat dijalankan di perangkat Android. Hasil pengujian pengguna dengan empat aspek, yaitu tampilan, aturan main, manfaat edukasi, dan keakuratan simulasi menunjukkan hasil yang baik dengan rata-rata penilaian 88,31%. Pada akhir pengembangan, disimpulkan bahwa aplikasi ini dapat memberikan pengetahuan ibadah haji kepada pengguna secara akurat.

  18. ASPEK SOSIAL BUDAYA MASYARAKAT BERKAITAN DENGAN KEJADIAN MALARIA DI DESA SIDOAN KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG SULAWESI TENGAH

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    Ningsi Ningsi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Village Sidoan district Tinombo, Parigi Moutong is a malaria endemic area. Based on the residís of MBS (Mass Blood Survey there were patients with Falciparum 85 people, patients vivax 235. Generally, residential community located near the area of rice fields, beaches, swamps, rivers and livelihoods, and mostly are farmers and fishermen. Aimed This study sofare to identify socio-cultural aspects of society includes the knowledge, attitude and behavior of the community related with malaria. The research method is qualitative method with narrative analysis. The results showed that communities knowledge about malaria particular of the causes, prevention, modes of transmission, treatment are still based on traditional knowledge. Some people still have beliefs about the causes and cures whit based on traditions. The indeep interviewed result showed that some of the informants said that caused of illness heat like malaria, fever etc caused by the four elements that is fire, earth, water and air. Communities behavior/ during the night are watching television, defecate, bathing in the river, working the fields, chatting with neighbors while playing chess and cards.   Keywords: Malaria, knowledge, attitude, behaviour, Sidoan

  19. Hubungan Bermain Video Game Terhadap Kejadian Insomnia Pada Kalangan Remaja Di Sma Negeri 12 Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Pangaribuan, Hotman Parasian

    2015-01-01

    The number of adolescent who played video game was increased now days. This can cause many problems in social relationship, behavioral, and their sleep pattern like insomnia. This cross sectional study aimed to evaluate the relationship between playing video game with insomnia among the adolescent. Our total sample was 100 students in SMA Negeri 12 Medan. The sample was chosen by consequtive sampling. The data was taken by interview using questionnaire. From our result, the major...

  20. STUDI ASPEK ENTOMOLOGI PASCA KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB DBD DI KABUPATEN PATI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

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    Widiarti Widiarti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Studi  aspek    entomologi     pasca     KLB     DBD    dilakukan    di    Kelurahan    Parenggan    dan    Kalidoro,    KecamatanPati    Kota    (I,    Kabupaten     Pati.  Tujuan    studi    adalah    untuk    mencari    faktor-faktor    apakah    yang    kemungkinandapat    menunjang    terjadinya    KLB.    Metode    pengumpulan    data    entomologi    dilakukan    dengan    survei    jentik    danpengujian    resistensi    vektor    (Aedes    aegypti    terhadap    insektisida    yang    digunakan    untuk    fogging    yaitu    malathion    0,5    %,    malathion     0,8    %,    alphacypermethrin    0,1    %    dan    lambdasihalothrin    0,05    % dengan    metode    standarWHO    impregnated    paper.    Hasil    pemantauan    jentik    menghasilkan    angka    bebas    jentik    (ABJ    di    KelurahanKalidoro    sebesar    63,79    %    dan    Kelurahan    Parenggan    37,74    %    jauh    dari    standart    ABJ    nasional    95    %.    HasilContainer    Index,     House    Index    dan    Breteau    Index    di    Kelurahan    Kalidoro    masing-masing    sebesar    29,55    %,36,21    %    dan    67,24    %,    sedangkan    di    Kelurahan    Parenggan    masing-masing    sebesar    55,24    %,    62,26    %    dan109,43    %.    Hasil    uji    kepekaan    vektor    terhadap    insektisida    menunjukkan    bahwa    di    Kelurahan    Kalidoro    Ae.aegypti    telah    resistensi    terhadap    insektisida    malathion    0,5    %,    malathion    0,8    %,    alphacypermethrin    0,1    %     dan lambdasihalothrin  0,05    %     dengan    kematian    sebesar    masing-masing    sebesar    0,0    %,    80,0    %,    50,0    %    dan    5,0    %.Sedangkan    di    Kelurahan    Parenggan     Ae.    aegypti    telah    resisten    terhadap     malathion    0,5    %,    alphacypermethrin0,1    %     dan  lambdasihalothrin  0,05    %     dengan    kematian    masing-masing    sebesar:    0,0    %,    52,0    %    dan    10,0%    akan    tetapi    masih    susceptibel/peka    terhadap    malathion    0,8    %    (kematian    100%.    Terjadinya    resistensi    Ae.aegypti    terhadap    insektisida    yang    dipakai    fogging    kemungkinan    menyebabkan    tingginya    populasi    Ae.    aegyptidan    rendahnya    ABJ    sehingga    terjadi    peningkatan    kasus/KLB.    House    Index    (HI    >5    dan    Breteau    Index    (BI    >20    merupakan    indikator    infestasi    vektor    tinggi,    sehingga    merupakan    daerah    prioritas    pengendalian.    Kejadianluar    biasa    DBD    di    Kabupaten    Pati    berhubungan    dengan    beberapa    faktor    termasuk    kepadatan    populasinyamuk    vektor.Kata    Kunci    :    Angka    Bebas    Jentik    (ABJ,    Resistensi    Aedes    aegypti,    CI,    HI    and    BI.

  1. Pengaruh Pola Makan terhadap Kejadian Anemia pada Remaja Putri di SMA Dharma Pancasila Medan Tahun 2013

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    Sinaga, Leny Valentina

    2015-01-01

    Anemia is a condition when hemoglobin in blood is less than normal. Teenagers period is as the risk factor time for the anemia and it may disurb the development and growth period of the female teenagers. Based on early survey in Dharma Pancasila Senior High School, female teenagers said that sometimes they did not have time for breakfast, others limited the amount and the frequency of their meals. The objective of this research was to know the influence of eating pattern (intake of prote...

  2. Kejadian Keloid Menurut Golongan Darah Pada Pasien Pasca Luka Di RSUP H.Adam Malik Medan

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    Fuadi, Said

    2016-01-01

    Background : Keloid is a manifestation of wound healing with imbalance syntesize and collagen degradation. Abnormal scar will grow through to the edge of wound then feeling itchy and needle-like pain. The common cause of keloid is continously overproduced of collagen, remodelling defect in cells and extracelluler matrix, overform of infiltration cells, and deficit of elastic tissue due to increase of fibroblast metabolic activity. Keloid has component which contain collagen, fibronectin and g...

  3. Faktor – Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Dismenore pada Siswi SMA Negeri 2 Medan Tahun 2014

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    Sirait, Deby Shinta O.

    2015-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is lower abdominal painthat is felt just before or during menstruation that can interfere with daily activities. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea in Indonesia in 2008 was 64.25%. The purpose of this research was to determine the factors associated with the incidence of dysmenorrhea in female students of SMAN 2in 2014. This research is an observational study with cross sectional approach. Sample was many 128 students wer etaken by simple random sampling. The research instrument...

  4. Gambaran Perilaku Makan Remaja Putri Dan Kejadian Dismenorea (Nyeri Haid) Di SMA Cahaya Medan Tahun 2013

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    Tampubolon, Jojor

    2014-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual pain which 67,2 % teenagers in their menstrual period and interferes their daily activities. Teenager who has good nutrional status will not suffer from dysmenorrhea. The objective of the research is to find out the teenagers eating behaviour and dysmenorrhea problem on the students of SMA Cahaya Medan. The type of the research is a descriptive research using cross sectional design. The populations of the reseach are 500 students of SMA Cahaya Medan. The sample...

  5. Relokasi Permukiman Desa Suka Meriah Akibat Kejadian Erupsi Gunung Api Sinabung Kabupaten Karo

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    Rini Rachmawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Suka Meriah Village is one of the villages that experienced heavy damage because it is located 3 km from the peak of Mount Sinabung and is also located within Disaster Prone Area (KRB III. One of the best solutions to minimize the negative impact of the disaster is to relocate the Suka Meriah Village to a safer location capable of accommodating the entire population including its needs for facilities and infrastructure. The purpose of the research is to identify community perception on the settlement relocation plan, to analyze the local condition of the relocation area and to assess problems in the settlement relocation plan. The research uses qualitative research methods, where primary data is obtained through observation and semi-structured interviews and secondary data is obtained from literature and agencies data. The research shows that in general, the Suka Meriah Village community agrees with the relocation plan. The relocation settlement is located in the Siosar Area. In general, until the end of the research period in August 2015, the construction of the new settlement in the Siosar Area has not been completed because it was still in the construction process. The problem that occurred was that the relocation process was slow. As a result, the economic activities of the community were restricted.Besides this, the government aid was insufficient to fulfill their daily needs.

  6. Faktor Resiko Kejadian Penyakit Demam Tifoid Penderita Yang Dirawat Di RSUD DR. Soetomo Surabaya

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    Rahayu Lubis

    2008-01-01

    Demam tifoid masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia dengan insiden antara 350 - 810 kasus per 100000 penduduk dan CFR berkisar 3 % . Penyakit ini berhubungan erat dengan higiene perorangan yang kurang baik, sanitasi lingkungan yang jelek dan penyediaan air bersih yang kurang baik. Menurut Profil kesehatan kotamadya Surabaya tahun 1998 penyakit demam tifoid menempati rangking ke dua setelah diare untuk semua golongan umur (1 - 44 tahun) dan ada peningkatan 1374 kasus baru de...

  7. PEMODELAN DALAM SISTEM MANAJEMEN OBAT DI PUSKESMAS (Untuk Meminimalkan Kejadian Stagnant Oralit

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    Dini Kristiningtyas Mamelas

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Drug stagnation is an effect of poor logistics systems in the health services industry, particularly at the Public Health Centre. This was evident as drug stagnation at the "Puskesmas Mentikan Kola Mojokerto" for the 2005 year is stated at 15.44%. Objective: Of this research is to applicated the logistic regression in making formulation of drug management that able to use to know the risk factor of drug stagnant prediction. Methods: This research was a cross sectional study with quantitative approach. The independent variables that observed in this research were planning, receiving, storaging, distributing, using and also recording. Drug stagnation as the dependent variable. Interviews and questioners were conducted to the chief of drug storage in 32 public health centres in Mojokerto. Observation was conducted to drug storage and monthly recording form. All of independent variables affected the drug stagnation, except recording. Results: The factor which had least signification value was using (p=0.488. The most affected variable was using.Key words: drugs management, drug stagnant, risk factor

  8. Hubungan Karakteristik Penderita dan Sanitasi Rumah serta Lingkungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Pidie

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    Kamaruddin

    2013-01-01

    Pidie District is one of the areas affected by filariasis endemic since it has microfilaria rate of 1percent so that it is stated as a filariasis endemic area, starting from 2005 until 2012. At that time, there were 86 chronic filariasisis patients who could not be cured (Pidie Health Office, 2012) The objective of the research was to analyze the correlation patients’ characteristics, housing and environmental sanitation with the incident of filariasis in Pidie District, in 2013. The rese...

  9. Hubungan Antara Kualitas Perawatan Kateter Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Nosokomial Saluran Kemih

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    Kasmad Kasmad

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Nosocomial infection refer to occurrence the often happen in hospital and can causes import to patient, family and hospital of self. Once of infection that often happened is infection of urinary tract at the patient with dower chateter. Factors that caused nosocomial infection of urinary tractare hospes, agent, installation procedure, old of installed chateter and quality of chateter treatment. This research ago to know the quality chateter treatment with the occurrence of nosocomial infection urinary tract. The research method is observation and the instrument used observation sheet. Independent variable in this research is the quality of chateter treatment and for the dependent variable is occurrence as nosocomial infection of urinay tract. The research subject is cause who had Diploma degree and Graduate of nursing, male patient that treated in Roemani’s Hospital, wear installed dower chateter, age of respondent between 18 – 55 years old, medic diagnose was not tractus urinarius infection, not consume antibiotic and agree to be respondent. Amount of sample are 30 respondents. Result of this research showed that the must quality of treatment chateter is enough (50%, good (30% and less (20%. Number of occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract that got chateter treatment with good quality was 22.22%, enough 26.67% and less 83.33%. To decrease the occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract that cause by installing of chateter was need the increasing the quality of chateter treatment that appropriate to the nursing procedure standart and the pressed of infection prevention. Statistic test used Chi Square test to examine the relation between the quality of chateter treatment with the occurrence of nosocomial infection of urinary tract. Chi Square analisis result t count (7.081 > t table (5.99 and p value (0.029 < 0.05. Which means that there is relation between quality of chateter treatment with the occurrence nosocomial infection of urinary tract.

  10. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN PENYAKIT BATUK DENGAN NAFAS CEPAT PADA BALITA

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    Agustina Lubis

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Acute respiratory infection primarily cough and rapid breathing is a common cause of morbidity and death among children under five years of age. According to The Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health, incidence of acute respiratory infection is 10%. The National Household Health Survey indicated that 25.2% of infant deaths were caused by this disease. The objective of this analysis was to identify the determinant factors related to the occurence of cough with rapid breathing among children under five years of age. Data were taken from Indonesia Demographic Health Survey 1994. The dependent variable was children of under five years of age who were suffering from cough with rapid breathing and as independent variables were mother's education and activities, overcrowding of household occupants, house's wall materials, roof materials and use of kerosene stove. The result showed that among social factors, mother's education and participation in social organization were significantly associated with the morbidity of cough with rapid breathing . The risk of having cough with rapid breathing was 0.7 less likely to occur among children born to mothers who participated in the social organization activities (OR=0.7 compared to mothers who did not participate in those activities. While, among environmental factors: overcrowding of household occupant, houses's wall material, use of kerosene stove were significantly associated with the occurance of cough with rapid breathing among children under 5 years of age. The overall analysis of environmental and social factors analysis showed that the risk of children whose mothers have low education and do not participate in social organization activity was 2 times higher than those born to mothers with higher education and participation in social organization activities. The risk of children who lived in houses with floor space less than 10 sq.m/capita and use kerosene stove was 1.7 times higher than children who lived in houses with larger floor space and use other than kerosene stove.

  11. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Persalinan Prematur di RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Kota Medan Tahun 2012-2013

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    Simbolon, Fransiska R

    2015-01-01

    Preterm birth is the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age (between 20-37 weeks). Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn and the second leading cause of death after pneumonia in children under five years. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and this number is rising. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of preterm birth at Pirngadi General Hospital Medan in 2012-2013. This is an obse...

  12. Hubungan Kadar Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol dengan Kejadian dan Keparahan Stroke Akut

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    Hasibuan, Azwita Effrina

    2016-01-01

    Introduction : The role of serum cholesterol as the stroke etiology is still uncertain. Studies that focused on the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and acute stroke was still rare, with inconsistent results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between LDL-C level and the acute stroke occurance and severity. Methods : We conducted a cross-sectional study of 51-acute stroke patients in Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan. Subjects...

  13. Kejadian Post Dural Puncture Headache dan Nilai Numeric Rating Scale Pascaseksio Sesarea dengan Anestesi Spinal

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    Dino Irawan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of post dural puncture headache (PDPH is associated with the size of duramater diameter puncture caused by the puncture itself. There are two factors related to this problem, the size of the needle and the shape of the needle’s-end. The purpose of this study was to obtain an overview of incidence of PDPH in patients undergoing caesarean section with regional spinal anesthesia in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung in January–April 2010. This research was conducted on 115 pregnant woman with physical status of American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA II, range of age was 18 to 45 years old. This research was an observational study with cross-sectional design. The incidence of PDPH after the use of Quincke type needle no. 25 was 68.2%, while with Quincke type needle no. 27 was 31.8%, and no PDPH was found on the use of pencil point type needle no. 27. The numeric rating scale (NRS from PDPH on the use of Quincke type needle no. 25 was 3–7, while on Quincke type needle no. 27 was 2–6, and 0 in pencil point type needle no. 27. As the conclusion, the greatest incidence of PDPH in patients undergoing caesarean section, based on spinal needle type, occurs most with no. 25 Quincke type needles, and less with no. 27 and none with no. 27.

  14. Kejadian Post Dural Puncture Headache dan Nilai Numeric Rating Scale Pascaseksio Sesarea dengan Anestesi Spinal

    OpenAIRE

    Dino Irawan; Doddy Tavianto; Eri Surahman

    2013-01-01

    The incidence of post dural puncture headache (PDPH) is associated with the size of duramater diameter puncture caused by the puncture itself. There are two factors related to this problem, the size of the needle and the shape of the needle’s-end. The purpose of this study was to obtain an overview of incidence of PDPH in patients undergoing caesarean section with regional spinal anesthesia in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung in January–April 2010. This research was conducted on 115 pregnan...

  15. Prevalensi Kejadian Malnutrisi pada Balita di Ruang Rawat Anak RSUD dr. Pirngadi Medan Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Erizal, Fatin Fatharani

    2016-01-01

    Malnutrition is poor nutrition or Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient deficiencies. In Indonesia PEM and micronutrient deficiencies are also becoming an important health problem in the community and emergency field. Cases of infant mortality due to malnutrition repeated itself, on a massive scale with the area that is almost evenly spread throughout the country. From the results of various studies, the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitals are quite high, n...

  16. GAMBARAN EPIDEMIOLOGI KEJADIAN PREEKLAMPSIA/EKLAMPSIA DI RSU PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2007–2009

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    Sitti Nur Djannah; Ika Sukma Arianti

    2012-01-01

    Background: Preeclampsia and eclampsia is a complication in pregnancies and deliveries which increased mother and fetal morbidity and motality rate. The high incidence and large amount of risk factors caused poor prognostic. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important to be done mother and fetal mortality rate. The purpose of this research was to investigate epidemiology description of preeclampsia/eclampsia in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Yogyakarta from 2007–2009 years. Methods: This re...

  17. KONDISI LINGKUNGAN PEMUKIMAN YANG TIDAK SEHAT BERISIKO TERHADAP KEJADIAN LEPTOSPIROSIS (STUDIKASUS DI KOTA SEMARANG)

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    Tri Ramadhani; Bambang Yunianto

    2012-01-01

    Leptospirosis is an acute febrile illness infecting human and animal (zoonotic) and caused by the bacteria leptospira. Semarang city is one endemic leptospirosis with incidence rate in 2009 of 13,27/100.000 and case fatality rate 3,5%. The research objective was to find out the impact of settlement environment conditional with leptospirosis cases. The study was observational with cross sectional design. Population are the people who visit the health center in Semarang city and sample is a par...

  18. HUBUNGAN UNSUR IKLIM DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE KOTA PEKANBARU TAHUN 1999-2008

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    Bambang Bambang

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The incident Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF in Pekanbaru city from year 1999-2008 always happened case fluctuation. This research aim to know relationship betwen climate with occurrence of DHFin Pekanbaru city of Year 1999-2008.The designing of research is ecology study with type of Times Study series (Time Trend Study representing study of observational analytic. The data is from secondary data of case of DHF and climate data covering temperature, dampness, rainfall, rain day and speed of wind duringyear 1999 - 2008. The processing of data done computerized and analysed with Correlation test and Regretion. Result of research indicate that strength relation betwen temperature with occurrence of DHFis weak (r = 0, 086, negativepattern and the relation which unsignificant ( p=0,348. Strength relation of dampness with occurrence of DHF is weak (r = 0,061, negative pattern and the relation which unsignificant ( p=0,510. Strength relation of rainfall with occurrence of DHFis weak (r= 0, 1 42, positivepattern and the relation which unsignificant (p=0,142. Strength relation of rain day with occurrence of DHF is weak(r = 0,056, positivepattern and the relation which unsignificant ( p=0,544. Strength of relation speed of wind with occurrence of DBD is weak (r = 0,080, negative pattern and the relation which is unsignificant ( p=0,384.From result of research can be concluded that there is no relationship between element of climate with incident of DHF. It's expected to raising illumination aboutDHFby Public Health Service, besides community activation for efforts to eliminate mosquitoporous with 3Mplus movement and mutualcooperation.

  19. Hubungan Kejadian Asma Dengan Jumlah Saudara Kandung Pada Anak Dengan Riwayat Atopi

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    Siregar, Johan El Hakim

    2013-01-01

    Background. The prevalence of asthma in children continues to increase, especially in developed countries. It is believed that environmental factors is play important role and there is inverse relationship between the number of siblings and atopic disorders although it is still unkown how the relationship could happen. Objective. To determine the association between prevalence of asthma bronchiale in atopic children and number of their siblings Methods. A cross sectional study was cond...

  20. Prevalensi Kejadian Insomnia pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Univesitas Sematera Utara Tahun 2015

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    Pamungkas, Anugrah Octa

    2016-01-01

    Insomnia is defined as difficulty to initiate sleep complaints. Difficulty maintaining sleep or experiencing non-restorative sleep, and usually associated with problems in the daytime activity. Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is most commonly found and experienced by many college students. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of insomnia in medical student at University of North Sumatra in 2015, used a descriptive study with cross sectional approach. This research using...

  1. KEJADIAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL SALURAN PENCERNAAN DI RUMAH SAKIT DI DKI JAKARTA

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    Anwar Musadad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the gastrointestinal nosocomial infections that usually occurs at pediatric wards is diarrhoea/gastroenteritis. The objective of this study was to know the occurrence of gastrointestinal nosocomial infection (GNI cases in 3 hospitals in Jakarta. As unit samples were all infants and children with gastroenteritis in one month period and 31 nurses. Rectal swabs were taken twice, when they were entering the hospital and 3 days after nursing, while hand-swabs were taken from 31 nurses in the pediatric ward. If the faeces of infants and children contained pathogenic bacteria (E. coli, Salmonella sp., Pseudomonas sp., Staphylococcus sp. on the third day which was not found an first day, it means that they suffered from GNI. The microbiological test showed that of those 96 patients, 13.54% were suffering from GNI and the cause of GNI was E. coli (76.9%. While hand-swabs of nurses test showed that 3.2% contained E. coli, 6.4% Pseudomonas sp, and 12.9% Staphylococcus sp.

  2. KEJADIAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL SALURAN PENCERNAAN DI RUMAH SAKIT DI DKI JAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Anwar Musadad; Agustina Lubis

    2012-01-01

    One of the gastrointestinal nosocomial infections that usually occurs at pediatric wards is diarrhoea/gastroenteritis. The objective of this study was to know the occurrence of gastrointestinal nosocomial infection (GNI) cases in 3 hospitals in Jakarta. As unit samples were all infants and children with gastroenteritis in one month period and 31 nurses. Rectal swabs were taken twice, when they were entering the hospital and 3 days after nursing, while hand-swabs were taken from 31 nurses in t...

  3. Hubungan Antara Hygiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan Dengan Kejadian Askariasis Pada Anak SD Negeri 068426 Belawan

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    Umra, Mina

    2011-01-01

    Ascariasis is one of intestinal worm infected most 2- 10 years old children mainly in developing countries included Indonesia. Askariasis prevalence in north sumatera is 46-75 % and in pediatric department of Pirngadi Hospital medan is 55,8%. Soil transmitted helminthes (STH) occured frequently in a place with bad hygiene and sanitation like along beach line belawan medan. Although wellness prognosis of this desease is 70-99%, nevertheless still able caused growth disorder among children. ...

  4. HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI FAST FOOD DENGAN KEJADIAN OVERWEIGHT PADA REMAJA DI SMA KATOLIK CENDRAWASIH MAKASSAR

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    Anugrah, A. Aryati; Indriasari, Rahayu; Yustini

    2014-01-01

    Obesitas/overweight telah menjadi pandemi global di seluruh dunia dan dinyatakan oleh World Health Organization (WHO) sebagai masalah kesehatan kronis terbesar. Obesitas/overweight atau yang biasa dikenal sebagai kegemukan merupakan masalah yang cukup merisaukan dikalangan remaja. Salah satu faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi obesitas/overweight yaitu ketersediaan makanan yang murah, cepat tetapi tidak sehat salah satunya yaitu fast food. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ...

  5. Hubungan Beratnya Pekerjaan dengan Kejadian Hernia Nukleus Pulposus di RSUP. H. Adam Malik pada Tahun 2014

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    Ciatawi, Thamrin

    2016-01-01

    Hernia nucleus pulposus (HNP) or herniation of intervertebral disc is a state which the protrusion of intervertebral discs suppress the spinal cord and resulting the symptoms of pain and limitation of daily activities. One of the risk factor of herniated disc is the occupation. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the relationship of occupation with the incidence of herniated invertebral disc in RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan in 2014. The method used in this study is descriptive based s...

  6. Faktor Risiko yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Overweight dan Obesitas pada Siswa SMA Yayasan Pendidikan Harapan 1 Medan

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    Putra, Afdhal

    2016-01-01

    Adolescent overweight and obesity is an important concern for adulthood health. Numerous health consequences of adolescent overweight and obesity exist including risk for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and persistence of obesity into adulthood. Case-control study was performed to determinate risk factors associated with adolescent overweight and obesity in Harapan 1 Senior High School, Medan. The Subjects were taken by using simple random sampling. The subject w...

  7. Pengembangan Model Pengendalian Kejadian Penyakit Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Kota Sibolga Tahun 2005

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    Kaban, Sempakata; Sarumpaet, Sori Muda; Irnawati; Wahyuni, Arlinda Sari

    2010-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease largerly suffered by the population of the world and the effective treatment is not still found. The epidemiology study in Indonesia showed that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus ranged from 1,5 to 2,3% at more 15 years of age. In North Sumatera Province, the outpatient presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was in the fifth ranking in 2000. The Dr. Ferdinand Lumbantobing general hospital reported that the proportion of the patient wit...

  8. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hipertensi Sistolik Terisolasi pada Lansia di Kecamatan Penanggalan Kota Subulussalam Aceh Tahun 2014

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    Arianto. PS, Budi

    2016-01-01

    Hypertension is a condition in which the increase of blood pressure. Isolated Systolic Hypertension (HST) blood pressure often occurs in old people. The highest prevalence of HST at Subussalam occurs at Penanggalan Puskesmas is 23.8%. HST needs serious attention and good handling because of its high prevalence and serious complication. The objective of the research was to find out the influence of obesity, salt (sodium) consumption, physical activities, smoking habit, and psychological depre...

  9. ANALISIS SPASIAL KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA (KLB KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN KULONPROGO TAHUN 2011

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    Rahmawati Rahmawati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIndonesia's case totally rate of leptospirosis was ranked third in the world. There were outbreak of leptospirosis in2011 with 273 cases with 18 deaths (CFR = 6.59%. Therefore it was necessary to describe the spread ofleptospirosis. This research was descriptive study that using cross-sectional design with 249 leptospirosis casesrecorded by Kulonprogo District Health Office during January to November 2011. The coordinates of the patientswas determined by GPS. The data is displayed with digital maps Indonesian RBI (RBI scale 1: 25,000 usingArcView 3.3 software. Spatial analysis is done by scoring the following variable i.e. rainfall, land use and altitude.The results showed correlation of rainfall with leptospirosis cases is 0.179, most of cases occured in plantationand residential land use with altitude 0-100asl. Rainfall concluded weak relationship with leptospirosis. Spatialanalysis shows 55.7% of cases of leptospirosis occur in moderate vulnerability zone and 31.79% occur in lowvulnerability.Key words: spatial analysis, rainfall, land use, altitudeABSTRAKPada tahun 2011 terjadi KLB di Kulonprogo dengan jumlah kasus 273 dan jumlah kematian 18 orang (CFR =6,59%. Oleh sebab itu sangat penting untuk mengetahui gambaran penyebaran leptospirosis. Analisis inimerupakan studi deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional menggunakan subjek berjumlah249 kasus yang terdata di Dinas Kabupaten Kulonprogo selama bulan Januari-November 2011. Titik koordinatrumah penderita ditentukan dengan GPS. Data ditampilkan dengan peta digital Rupa Bumi Indonesia (RBIskala 1 : 25000 menggunakan software ArcView 3.3. Analisis spasial dilakukan dengan skoring pada variabelcurah hujan, penggunaan lahan dan ketinggian tempat. Analisis spasial besarnya curah hujan dengan kejadianleptospirosis pada masa tersebut menunjukkan angka korelasi 0,179, dengan demikian korelasi antara curahhujan dengan kasus leptospirosis sangat lemah. Kasus leptospirosis di Kabupaten Kulonprogo banyak terjadi dipenggunaan lahan kebun dan permukiman dengan ketinggian antara 0-100 mdpl. Analisis spasial menunjukkan55,7% kasus leptospirosis terjadi di zona kerawanan sedang dan 31,79% terjadi di zona kerawanan rendah.Kata kunci: analisis spasial, curah hujan, penggunaan lahan, ketinggian

  10. Faktor Risiko Kejadian Luar Biasa (KLB Leptospirosis Paska Banjir di Kabupaten Pati Tahun 2014

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    Nova Pramestuti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Leptospirosis is a disease caused by Leptospira which transmitted by reservoir. Flood can increase risk of the transmission. There had been flood in Pati District in January 2014 and then outbreaks occured afterwards. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for leptospirosis outbreaks after flood in Pati district 2014. The research was conducted in Pati in March 2014, with cross sectional design. Data were collected by interviews of 35 persons using a structured questionnaire. The results showed that cases of leptospirosis mostly in flood areas (75.7%, dominant in male sex (74.4% and 15-44 years age group (41.9%. The most significant risk factor were contact with water/irrigation canal in rice fields (RP = 4.81 and cuts and abrasions in the skin (RP = 4.57. Another risk factor were cleaning drains/sewers which stagnant, contact with stagnant water around the house/ floodwater, contact with rats, and job at risk such as farmers, cattleman, fishermen, fishpond workers, looking for stone in river. The risk factors were important epidemiological in transmission of leptospirosis outbreaks which associated with flood in Pati District.Key words: risk factor, outbreak, leptospirosis, flood

  11. POLA KEJADIAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHINYA DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2010

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    Mochammad Setyo Pramono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Low Birth Weight (LBW is still a public health problem in many countries because it is considered to be one of the causes of infant mortality. LBW can also seriously  affected the quality of future generations because it can slow the growth and development of children, and therefore contributes to a decrease of intelligence. Methods: This was a secondary data analysis, where data sources are result of Basic Health Research (Riskesdas in 2010 with coverage of all provinces in Indonesia. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression. Results: The data of children aged 5 years and under (born in the period 2006-2010 and filled with infant birth weight is equal to 14,428 children. Of these as many as 824 children of low birth weight (5.7%. Based on descriptive data analysis provinces LBW was high among the Riau Islands (8.3%, Bali (8.9%, NTT (10%, Central Kalimantan (10.8%, South Kalimantan (9.1% North Sulawesi (9.3%, South (9.6% and North Maluku (11.3% and West Papua (8.9%. Based on multivariate analysis method concluded that the incidence of LBW was influenced by maternal use of ferrous sulfate, area residence and incidence of complications during pregnancy. Mothers who are taking ferrous sulfate tablets is less than 90 LBW infants have 1.7 times the risk compared to mothers who took iron tablets 90 and above. Location of residence in the rural areas had 0.68 times the risk for LBW than women  who happen  to live in urban. Mothers who experience complications during pregnancy have 2.3 times the risk for LBW than women who happen not experience complications during pregnancy. Suggestion: The need for policies to improve the coverage  of ferrous sulfate and reduce the risk of complications in addition to education and health promotion on the risk factors of LBW in the community.   Key words: Low birth weight babies (LBW, ferrous sulfate, pregnancy  complications

  12. Hubungan Kebiasaan Pemakaian Jilbab terhadap Kejadian Ketombe pada Mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Asrul, Dika Asrika

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of dandruff in the world is quite high, especially in tropical countries, due to the high humidity which is one cause of dandruff which characterized by symptoms of scales on the scalp.Using of hijab itself has connection with moisture on the scalp.Incidence of dandruff quite high in young adults and is rarely found in the elderly. This study aims to determine whether there is a relationship between the habit of wearing the hijab with the incidence of dandruff ...

  13. FAKTOR-FAKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN GONDOK PADA MURID SD

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    Siti Madanijah

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 The objective of this study is to identify the factors that affect the high prevalence of goiter among elementary school students in goiter endemic area.  The specific objective are to identify the socio-economic characteristics of the sample family, to analyze food consump­tion related to goiter, to identify the variety of food contains of goitrogenic sub­stances, to measure the iodium salt concentration, to analyze the correlation between mother knowledge about IDD, food consumption and the quality of salt with the goiter status. This research was designed with cross sectional study with purposive method.  This research was conducted at Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, West Java from April to May 2005. The respon­dent consisted of 60 elementary school students, which 30 of them classified as normal group and the rest of them belong to the goiter group. The two sample groups were analyzing by the t-test and Mann Whitney test. The correlation variables were analyzed by the Spearman test. There were significant difference between the income on the normal group and the goiter group; the normal group had higher income than the rest. There were significant difference between the adequacy level of energy on the normal group (73.5% and the goiter group (55.8% and the average of the variety of goitrogenic food consumption. The Mann Whitney test showed there were also significant differences for the quality of salt. There were significant correlations between mother knowledge about IDD with the adequacy of iodium, and between the cases of goiter with the quality of salt consumed by the family. Intensive nutrition education of IDD is needed to improve the nutrition knowledge of the mothers, as well as the availability of the accessible iodized salt. Keywords: goiter, iodium, mother knowledge

  14. GAMBARAN EPIDEMIOLOGI KEJADIAN PREEKLAMPSIA/EKLAMPSIA DI RSU PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2007–2009

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    Sitti Nur Djannah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Preeclampsia and eclampsia is a complication in pregnancies and deliveries which increased mother and fetal morbidity and motality rate. The high incidence and large amount of risk factors caused poor prognostic. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important to be done mother and fetal mortality rate. The purpose of this research was to investigate epidemiology description of preeclampsia/eclampsia in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Yogyakarta from 2007–2009 years. Methods: This research used qualitatif method trough cross sextional approach. Secondery data of 118 were drawn as the sample. Result: During 2007–2009 there were 118 cases (3.9% of preeclampsia/eclampsia from total deliveries (3036 deliveries, patient of eclampsia were more (83.9% than low preeclampsia, most of age group that was in the group 20–30 years old (64.4%, had primigravida parity ( 69.5%, frequency of antenatal care < 4 kali (76.3%, did not have hipertension history (83.9%, mount the education which is many (39.8% is public high school, unemployed (63.5%. Conclusion: Cases of preeclampsia/eclampsia from 2007–2009 years is 3.9%, age of mother 20–30 years old 64.4%, had primigravida parity 69.5%, frequency of antenatal care < 4 kali 76.3%, the education is public high school 39.8% and unemployed 63.5%. Key word: epidemiology, preeclampsia/eclampsia, descriptive analysis

  15. KEJADIAN PNEMONIA PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS CAMPALOGA KABUPATEN MAMUJU

    OpenAIRE

    Barahima, Junaedy J.; Arsin, Arsunan; Sidik, Dian

    2015-01-01

    Pneumonia merupakan penyakit infeksi paru. Penyebabnya adalah mikroorganisme seperti virus, bakteri atau jamur. Pneumonia pada anak merupakan infeksi yang serius dan banyak diderita anak-anak di seluruh dunia 1 diantara 5 kematian pada anak-anak di seluruh dunia penyebabnya adalah pneumonia. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan case control study. Populasi untuk penelitian ini adalah semua anak balita yang berumur 6-59 yang menderita pneumonia dan t...

  16. HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU TERHADAP KEJADIAN PENYAKIT LEPTOSPIROSIS DI JAKARTA, 2003-2005

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    I Made Djaja

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The Impact of Environmental Factor and Individual Characteristic on Leptospirosis Outbrreak in Jakarta, 2003-2005. Jakarta is one of the largest Cities in Indonesia where almost every year get flooding. Of course, flooding brings very bad impact for all human life aspect, which one is the incidence of various post-flood diseases. Environment changes caused by flood will increase the spreading of leptospirosis (rat urine disease. This is happen because of animal urine infected by leptospira germs are carryout by water pond and contaminate house environment. Leptospirosis problem in DKI Jakarta was always occurred in same area caused by bad environment factors, bad behavior, or individual characteristic influence. The research objective was to find out the impact of environment factor and individual characteristic on leptospirosis cases in Jakarta year 2003-2005. The study designed was case control study. Data are base on secondary data from Training and Education Division of Tarakan District Hospital, Jakarta and also with developed questioner for data collection. Subject cases were 190 people, whereas positive leptospirosis as cases group and negative leptospirosis respondent as control group, with 1:1 comparison. There ware significant relationship between environmental condition: house condition and settlement (OR=3,96, SPAL (OR=1,98, and characteristic individual: social economy condition (OR=1,93, knowledge (OR=17,6, and education (OR= 2,41. Multi variable analysis conclude that there are four dominant factors that affect leptospirosis which are environmental factors such as water supply (OR=4.5, house component and settlement (OR=8.2, individual characteristic: such as education (OR=3.7, knowledge (OR=33.1 related with leptospirosis cases in Jakarta year 2003-2005.

  17. Perbandingan Kejadian Astigmatisma Pasca Operasi Katarak Dengan Menggunakan Tehnik Fakoemulsifikasi Dan Small Incision Cataract Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Marlinda, Sri

    2013-01-01

    Backgraund : Astigmatism change after cataract surgery is common, but if the astigmatism is too high it can effect the visual acuity. The astigmatism change depends on the incision methods, sclera rigidity, and age Objective : To compare the astigmatism change between scleral on the SICS and clearcorneal incision methods on facoemulsification after cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Method : Sixty patients after cataract surgery with IOL implantation were evaluated....

  18. Hubungan posisi saat buang air besar dengan kejadian konstipasi fungsional pada anak

    OpenAIRE

    Tanjung, Fahrul Azmi

    2012-01-01

    Background Natural posture for defecation was squatting posture and this method had been applied in the most country. One of the change that occurred due to industrial development was defecation posture alteration ussing sitting closet. Sitting posture was reported as the source of some health problem such as constipation, hemorrhoid, and diverticulitis. Objective To assess the relationship between children posture in defecation with functional constipation. Methods We conducted a cross...

  19. Pengajaran Lingkungan Rumah Berdasarkan Kepedulian pada Kehidupan Murid SD Sehari-hari

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    Laurens Kaluge

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the Sidoarjo School Improvement Program (SSIP, after a year in action, emphasizing the teaching improvement based on the current concepts of effective teaching. The Social Studies particularly on home environment was the case of application. There were 19 primary schools involved as the experimental and 15 as the control schools, involving 781 Grade 3 pupils representing the urban, semi-urban, and rural subdistricts. The data were collected by using intelligence test, content-related test, questionnaire for pupils and parents, inventories, and open questionnaires. After controlling for the childs ability (intelligence, gender, parental occupation and education, family supports, self-concept, democratic atmosphere, and locus of control; no difference was found among urban, semi-urban, and rural schools. However, the most striking result was that the SSIP made a difference, the attainments of children at experimental schools were higher than those at the control schools.

  20. Pemberian Pupuk N, P, dan K Berdasarkan Pengelolaan Hara Spesifik Lokasi untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas Kedelai (Review

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    KARSIDI PERMADI

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Applicationof N, P, and K Fertilizer Based on Site-Specific Nutrient Management for An increase of Productivity of Soybean. Soybean productivity in Indonesia is still low, it is about 1.25 t ha-1.This is due to the same dose of fertilizer in all location.In this case, fertilization is on the recommendation i.e. 25-75 kg urea ha-1 + 50-100 kg SP-36 ha-1 + 50-100 kg KCl ha-1 for soybean in all locations.Though each location farmland have different levels of soil fertility. Soybean commodities can compete with other plants when minimum productivity of 2.18 t ha-1 of dry beans, it is able to provide a higher profit than corn. To that end, soybean fertilizer recommended by site-specific nutrient management (SSNM by using the method of paddy soil test device, and dry soil test device that can determine soil nutrient classes to categories of low, medium and high.N fertilizer on soil classes, including low, medium, and high dose respectively at 174, 152, and 117 kg urea ha-1. For P fertilizer application on soil nutrient classes, including low, medium, and high doserespectively at 104,80, and 40 kg ha-1 SP-36. Likewise K fertilizer application on soil nutrient classes, including low, medium, and high each at doses of 210, 190, and 150 kg ha-1 KCl. In addition, supported by the use of new varieties of soybean large seed that high productivity and achieve the results expected in all locations soybean.Then the government provides support for input subsidies in the form of primary production facilities such as seed, fertilizer, and pesticides that farmers are interested in returning to planting soybeans and soybean prices ensure incentives for farmers. Things like this will spur farmers to increase productivity so that soybean self-sufficiency is achieved. In the end domestic soybean demand can be met so that the government no longer to import soybeans.

  1. Alat Pemisah Benda Berdasarkan Warna Menggunakan Sensor TCS230 Berbasis Mikrokontroler AT89S51.

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Chandra S

    2011-01-01

    Was design an instrumental for differentiate and then separate an object. Separation was done by the color. To differentiated the color was used a TCS230 color sensor. The TCS230 color sensor output is a frequency. Frequency of this sensor was get from reflected light by the object. To reflect the light was use a white LED (Light Emitting Diode), without other light source. A good frequency output was get by positioning the object right in front of the sensor with range 1 milimeter. To get a ...

  2. Rancang Bangun Alat Ukur Tingkat Kerusakan Oli Mesin Berdasarkan Konstanta Dielektrik Berbasis PC

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Jansius D

    2015-01-01

    Has conducted an identification of changes in the level of damage to the engine oil by identifying changes in the dielectric constant indicated the output voltage changes the occur in a system tool that has been designed and constructed. Capasitive transducer is made by utilizing the conductor plate parallel to indentify changes in the dielectric medium using sinusoidal electric wave propagation. Observations carried out by measuring the amplitude of the wave attenuation due to the interactio...

  3. Informasi Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan Berdasarkan Indeks Kekeringan dan Titik Panas di Kabupaten Samosir

    OpenAIRE

    Perangin-angin, Perdamean Abadi

    2015-01-01

    Fire is one cause damaging to forest and land run quick and make a great impact. Economic lossed is estimated approximately 10 bilion dollars. To reduce fire effct are needed fire management and early warning. One of the efforts to suggest is adopting the information system on fire. The objective of research are to know fire danger rating on Samosir from the year 2009, 2010 and 2011.The data analysis we conducted in laboratory of forest inventory Departemen Faculty Of Agriculture adopted ther...

  4. Sistem Informasi Ekstensibilitas E-Commerce Berdasarkan Data Trafik Menggunakan Statistik Proses Kontrol

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    Andi Gunawan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of quality control has been widely used in companies for the fulfillment of customer satisfaction on products produced. Loss of customers due to in appropriate quality standards are important avoided by the company. This study aims to establish quality control information system e-Commerce in the diagram view map control. In this study, it is used Statistic Process Control (SPC method. In the early stages, e-Commerce is assumed to have  met  with quality variable of EWAM  method. Transaction visitation opportunities at a certain period used as a parameter of quality, and is called extensibility. The visitation data were collected by web traffic and applications and transaction data that occur in e-Commerce. Waterfall model approach was used in the prototype development process. The results of this  study  was  the  extensibility  of  e-Commerce  information  system.  Automation  of  data  collection  occurs  in  real  time  information system, so  that the e-Commerce extensibility statements can be  continuously  monitored. Analysis of results displayed by the  control chart suggested that a sustain effort in the control of extensibility can provide benefits in an effort to retain customers while management can  use  number  of  extensibility  variable  in  increasing  profitability  of  the  company  or  the  consideration  of  using  e -Commerce. Completion  of  e-Commerce  extensibility  can  gradually  be  increased  through  the  reduction  of  extensibility  variation,  while  the improvement of extensibility relies on the reparation of e-Commerce systems associated with EWAM variable.Keywords : E-Commerce; Web traffic; Extensibility;  Quality control; Automation

  5. Analisis keragaman genetik manggis (Garcinia mangostana diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma berdasarkan penanda ISSR

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    ALFIN WIDIASTUTI

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Widiastuti A, Sobir, Suhartanto MR. 2013. Genetic variability analysis of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana irradiated by gamma ray based on ISSR marker. Bioteknologi 10: 15-22. The aim of the research was to know the increasing of genetic variation within mangosteen based on banding pattern of ISSR marker as a response to some doses of irradiation gamma rays. Five dosages of irradiation gamma rays were 0 Gy, 20 Gy, 25 Gy, 30 Gy, 35 Gy and 40 Gy. The source of the seed that have been irradiated was from Cegal, Leuwiliang, Bogor. The results showed that gamma ray irradiation affecting mangosteen genetic changed. Because the randomize of gamma irradiation, it changed was individually. Gamma irradiation successfully increase genetic variability (5%.

  6. Analisis keragaman genetik manggis (Garcinia mangostana) diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma berdasarkan penanda ISSR

    OpenAIRE

    ALFIN WIDIASTUTI; SOBIR; MUH. R. SUHARTANTO

    2013-01-01

    Widiastuti A, Sobir, Suhartanto MR. 2013. Genetic variability analysis of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) irradiated by gamma ray based on ISSR marker. Bioteknologi 10: 15-22. The aim of the research was to know the increasing of genetic variation within mangosteen based on banding pattern of ISSR marker as a response to some doses of irradiation gamma rays. Five dosages of irradiation gamma rays were 0 Gy, 20 Gy, 25 Gy, 30 Gy, 35 Gy and 40 Gy. The source of the seed that have been irradiate...

  7. Hubungan FIB-4 Index Dengan Derajat Fibrosis Hati Pada Hepatitis B Kronik Berdasarkan Fibroscan

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    Siregar, Yuswita Santi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction : The accurate evaluation of liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease is mandatory to appraise therapeutic indications and prognosis, because complications mainly occur in patients in advanced stages of their disease. Noninvasive test to asses hepatic fibrosis have been developed, wich combine several biochemical parameters. Transient elastography (FibroSscan) a morphological method that measures liver stiffnes has been evaluated. Aim : To evaluate the correlation of FIB-...

  8. PENGELOMPOKAN BERBAGAI MERK MI INSTAN BERDASARKAN KEMIRIPAN KANDUNGAN GIZI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS BIPLOT

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    AGUSTINUS ANGELAUS ETE; NI LUH PUTU SUCIPTAWATI; DESAK PUTU EKA NILAKUSMAWATI

    2014-01-01

    At this time, almost everyone once to consume instant noodles. The high interest of public on the instant noodles should be balanced with enough knowledge about the noodles and its nutritional content, either on it’s instant noodles which have similar nutrient content and nutrient content that become identifier of each this group of noodles. The method can be used to obtain information on several brands of instant noodles that have similar nutrient content and nutrient content type that becom...

  9. Revenue Discretionary Model Pengukuran Manajemen Laba: Berdasarkan Sektor Industri Manufaktur di Bursa Efek Indonesia

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    Nieken Herma Sari; Nurmala Ahmar

    2014-01-01

    Earnings management is a management action to manage the profitability of a company. The purpose of this study is to indicate the accrual earning management using revenue discretionary model. This study adopts the research conducted by Stubben (2010) where there are two measurement models to detect the presence of accrual earnings management. The measurement model is the discretionary revenue model consists of conditional revenue model and revenue model. Object of this research is the compani...

  10. Manfaat Informasi Akuntansi Untuk Memprediksi Risiko Investasi Saham Berdasarkan Pendekatan Decision Usefulness

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    Zarah Puspitaningtyas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is to explain the usefulness of accounting information to predict the risk of stock investment based on the decision usefulness approach, technically shown through the effect of variable accounting on risk of stock investment. Based on analysis of 13 companies over a period of five years (2001-2005 by using multiple linear regression, the model shows that the current ratio significantly influence the risk of stock investment. However, signs of regression coefficients are not consistent with the predictions of the study. The results indicate that the current ratio has positive influence on the risk of stock investment. F test shows that the regression model with the current ratio as independent variables significantly influence the risk of stock investment. Meanwhile, the regression model with independent variables of current ratio, debt equity ratio, total assets turnover, return on investment, sales growth, and price earnings ratio do not significantly influence the risk of stock investment. The findings suggest that accounting information has relatively little ability to explain variations in risk of stock investment. The validation of regression models shows no difference between the real investment risk and investment risk prediction, meaning that accounting information is useful for predicting the risk of stock investment.

  11. Kemampuan Ekstrak Daun Zodia (Evodia suaveolens) Sebagai Repellent Nyamuk Aedes aegypti Berdasarkan Lama Penggunaannya

    OpenAIRE

    Sianipar, Melati Agnes Anggreini

    2011-01-01

    Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) disease is a contagious disease that caused by dengue virus and infected by Ae. aegypti. Since reported in 1968, this disease has become endemic and reported every year in Indonesia. One of the way to avoid it by using anti mosquitoes lotion which generally made by synthetic chemistry. Therefore, it necessary to find natural substance to avoid mosquitoes, one of the natural substances that can use is from zodia leaves (Evodia suaveolens) as repellent. The a...

  12. ANALISIS KUALITAS PELAYANAN PADA BAGIAN TATA USAHA BERDASARKAN TINGKAT KEPUASAN MAHASISWA

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    Muzakiyah Muzakiyah

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Kepuasan pelanggan merupakan hasil (outcome yang dirasakan atas penggunanya produk atau jasa, sama atau melebihi harapan yang diinginkan. Pelayanan di bagian Tata Usaha idealnya lebih bersahabat, cepat dan akurat. Ini berarti orientasi layanan di bagian Tata Usaha harus didasarkan pada kebutuhan mahasiswa. Dalam penelitian ini metode yang digunakan dengan menggunakan Pendekatan Lean ServPerf (Lean Service dan Service Performance. Service Performance digunakan untuk menganalisis tingkat instrumen kinerja pelayanan bagian Tata Usaha. Lean Service digunakan untuk menghilangkan waste aktivitas yang tidak bernilai tambah. Hasil dari penelitian ini, terdapat 14 atribut pelayanan yang perlu dilakukan perbaikan untuk meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan di bagian Tata Usaha Fakultas.

  13. Manfaat Informasi Akuntansi Untuk Memprediksi Risiko Investasi Saham Berdasarkan Pendekatan Decision Usefulness

    OpenAIRE

    Zarah Puspitaningtyas

    2010-01-01

    This study is to explain the usefulness of accounting information to predict the risk of stock investment based on the decision usefulness approach, technically shown through the effect of variable accounting on risk of stock investment. Based on analysis of 13 companies over a period of five years (2001-2005) by using multiple linear regression, the model shows that the current ratio significantly influence the risk of stock investment. However, signs of regression coefficients are not consi...

  14. ANALISIS TINGKAT KAPABILITAS SISTEM INFORMASI RUMAH SAKIT BERDASARKAN COBIT 5 (MEA01) PADA RSUD TUGUREJO SEMARANG

    OpenAIRE

    Ariel Bagus Nugroho; Amiq Fahmi

    2015-01-01

    RSUD Tugurejo Semarang merupakan Rumah Sakit kelas B milik pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang menyediakan pelayanan jasa untuk masyarakat. Dalam manajemen pengolahan data, RSUD Tugurejo Semarang telah menggunakan sistem informasi rumah sakit. Untuk mengetahui apakah sistem informasi telah berjalan seperti yang diharapkan, maka perlu dilakukan analisis tatakelola teknologi informasi. Pada penelitian ini analisis tatakelola teknologi informasi berfokus pada proses pengawasan, evaluasi dan pen...

  15. Pola Spatial Persebaran Pusat Perbelanjaan Modern Di Surabaya Berdasarkan Probabilitas Kunjungan

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    Achmad Miftahur Rozak

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Surabaya sebagai kota besar saat ini  mulai dipenuhi dengan pusat perbelanjaan modern hingga mencapai lebih dari 20 unit. Perkembangannya saat ini menyebabkan  adanya persaingan antar pusat perbelanjaan satu dengan yang lain.  Dengan kondisi seperti ini, diperlukan identifikasi mengenai besaran nilai probabilitas masing-masing pusat perbelanjaan terhadap penduduk yang ada di Suarabaya. Dalam penelitian ini, penentuan probabilitas kunjungan didapatkan dari model Huff. Model ini menghitung nilai probabilitas penduduk yang ada terhadap pusat perbelanjaan dengan menggunakan variabel jarak dan luas bangunan total. Hasil perhitungan tersebut kemudian dikombinasikan dengan perkiraan jangkauan pelayanan tiap pusat perbelanjaan sehingga didapatkan tipologi kecamatan terhadap kemungkinan mengunjungi seluruh pusat perbelanjaan yang ada di Surabaya. Didapatkan bahwa terdapat empat kategori yang masing-masing memiliki karakteristik dan variabel yang mempengaruhinya. Kategori pertama merupakan 5 kecamatan dengan probabilitas rendah dan terjangkau dengan faktor yang berpengaruh adalah luas lantai bangunan serta jarak yang digambarkan oleh jangkauan pelayanan. Kategori kedua merupakan 22 kecamatan dengan probabilitas sedang dan terjangkau dengan faktor yang mempengaruhi adalah jangkauan pelayanan serta jarak terhadap masing-masing pusat perbelanjaan. Kategori tiga merupakan 2 kecamatan dengan probabilitas tinggi dan terjangkau dengan faktor yang berpengaruh adalah luas pusat perbelanjaan. Sedangkan kategori terakhir adalah 2 kecamatan dengan probabilitas sedang namun belum terjangkau oleh layanan pusat perbelanjaan

  16. DAYA SAING PT BENAR FLORA UTAMA BERDASARKAN AKTIVITAS RANTAI NILAI FLORIKULTURA

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    Ratih Marina Kurniaty

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aims of this research were (1 to identify of the value chain that has been applied by the company, (2 to describe projections from internal and external condition as input in the company’s success factor analysis, (3 to determine the company’s strategic position, and (4 to formulate alternative strategies to increase the company’s competitiveness in  floriculture industry.  This research used SWOT analysis method by considering company’s position and value chain approach which was started with chain mapping to describe actors involved, what business issues in this company face and which activity has the greatest contribution. The value chain approach were also used to determine the prominent product based on the annual sales report. The research results indicated that the issues in the value chain include: expensive input prices, uncertainty in seed supply and higher transportation cost especially for Euro Country and America. Based on internal and external matrix, the company’s position is in the strategic growth quadrant, so the company can apply some alternative strategies such as  (1 maintaining good relationships with customers and suppliers, (2 expanding market to Asia, (3 upgrading the types of tree, (4 attending big exhibitions, (5 develop products by creating plants trendcentre, (6 enhancing the knowledge management for the company’s human resource, (7 production maximizing for the domestic market, (8 establishing distribution channels in each city, (9 setting a clear target market, (10 maintaining the quality of the plants, (11 restructuring the company in order to clarify the specialization of work, and (12 designing documents to better provide the seeds according to customers’ need.Keywords: competitiveness, floriculture industry, chain mapping, value chain economic analysis, SWOT analysisABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah (1 identifikasi rantai nilai yang telah diterapkan oleh perusahaan, (2 menggambarkan dari kondisi internal dan eksternal sebagai analisis faktor keberhasilan perusahaan, (3 posisi strategis perusahaan, dan (4 merumuskan strategi alternatif untuk meningkatkan daya saing dalam industri florikultura. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis SWOT dengan mempertimbangkan posisi perusahaan dan pendekatan value chain dimulai dengan pemetaan rantai untuk menggambarkan siapa aktor yang terlibat, apa masalah bisnis di perusahaan ini dan aktivitas mana memiliki kontribusi terbesar. Pendekatan rantai nilai juga digunakan untuk menentukan produk terkemuka dari laporan penjualan tahunan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa isu-isu dalam rantai nilai meliputi: harga input yang mahal, pasokan benih tidak menentu dan biaya transportasi terutama untuk Negara Eropa dan Amerika lebih tinggi. Hasil matriks internal dan eksternal, posisi perusahaan pada pertumbuhan strategis sehingga perusahaan menerapkan beberapa strategi. Strategi alternatif yang dapat ditingkatkan oleh perusahaan, seperti: (1 maintaning hubungan baik dengan pelanggan dan pemasok, (2 memperluas pasar ekspor ke Asia, (3 meningkatkan jenis pohon, (4 mengikuti pameran besar, (5 berinovasi produk ke membuat trendcentre tanaman, (6 peningkatan manajemen pengetahuan untuk sumber daya manusia di perusahaan, dan (7 memaksimalkan produksi untuk pasar domestik, (8 saluran distribusi yang didirikan di setiap kota, (9 membuat target pasar yang jelas, (10 mempertahankan kualitas tanaman, (11 merestrukturisasi perusahaan dalam rangka untuk memperjelas spesialisasi pekerjaan, (12 membuat dokumen menyediakan benih sesuai dengan kebutuhan pelanggan.Kata kunci: daya saing, industri florikultura, rantai pemetaan, analisis rantai nilai ekonomi, analisis SWOT

  17. Perkiraan Fatigue Life pada Bracket Kapal Tanker Berdasarkan Common Structural Rules

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    Dita septiana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Umur kelelahan (fatigue life dari struktur kapal dianalisis dengan menggunakan standar pada Common Structural Rules for Double Hull Oil Tanker. Kapal tanker single hull direncanakan akan dikonversi menjadi FPSO sehingga perlu diketahui sisa fatigue life konstruksinya. Dalam penelitian ini, fokus analisis dilakukan pada konstruksi bracket karena bracket sebagai salah satu penopang yang esensial pada kapal ini. Oleh karena itu, perlu diketahui letak bracket dengan tegangan paling besar dan besar fatigue lifenya. Kapal tersebut dimodelkan menggunakan softwareMSC Pastran sebagai pre-processor dan MSC Nastran sebagai processor. Bagian kapal yang dimodelkan adalah 3 ruang muat pada midship. Ruang muat pada bagian tengah dari ketiga ruang muat tersebut adalah ruang muat yang paling besar. Fatigue life yang dianalisa merupakan pengaruh dari beban lingkungan (beban gelombang air laut dan beban internal (beban tangki. Kondisi pembebanan yang dilakukan ada 6 macam load cases sesuai dengan ketentuan CSR. Tegangan pada bracket yang didapat dari pemodelan diambil tegangan yang paling besar untuk dianalisa fatigue lifenya. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa bracket dengan tegangan paling besar terjadi pada web frame 7 pada ruang muat tengah dan pada kondisi pembebanan A2 didapat umur kapal yang paling rendah yaitu sebesar 26 tahun.

  18. Kategorisasi dokumen web secara otomatis berdasarkan folksonomy menggunakan multinomial naive Bayes classifier

    OpenAIRE

    Irawan, Hendy

    2016-01-01

    Folksonomy is a non-hierarchical document categorizing system, that treats every category in a flat manner, dan every category is entered freely by anyone who submitted a document in these categories. Categorization is done automatically at the time a document is submitted, by entering the list of categories that best fit the document. del.icio.us (http://del.icio.us) site is one of the most popular social bookmarking sites that uses folksonomy. Usage of folksonomy, although very easy, also h...

  19. Nilai Kesukaan Konsumen Terhadap Teh Daun Gaharu (Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk.) Berdasarkan Letak Daun Pada Pohon

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana, Nora

    2015-01-01

    Agarwood is a product of Non-Timber Forest Products are of high value and are exported to foreign countries. Utilization of wood still focused on the use of agarwood trees, sap and skin is more often used as a distinctive aroma produced. Therefore, it is necessary to study on the effect of the aloe plant leaf lies on the characteristics of the value of consumer preferences in the tea leaves of the aloes that dihasilkan.Tujuan this study is to determine the level of preference for the public t...

  20. Nilai Kesukaan Konsumen Terhadap Teh Daun Gaharu (AquilariamalaccensisLamk) Berdasarkan Letak Daun Pada Pohon

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana, Nora

    2016-01-01

    Agarwood is a product of non-timber forest product are high value and are exported to foreign countries. Utilization of wood still focused on the use of agarwood tress, sap and skin is more often used as a distinctive aroma produced. Therefore, it is necessary to study on the effect of the aloe plant leaf leaves of that aloes. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of preference for the public to tea agarwood (A. malaccensis Lamk) based on the location of the leaves on the stem. ...

  1. Uji Antioksidan Daun Muda dan Daun Tua Gaharu (Aquilaria malaccensis Lamk) Berdasarkan Perbedaan Tempat Tumbuh Pohon

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Rizki Khadijah

    2016-01-01

    The leaf of aloe has an antiokxidant activity which can reduce free radicals. The research is done to know the class of chemical compounds and to know the effect of grown ground of Aloe toward chemical compund of fresh and rotten leaf, and its antioxidant activities. Ethanol extractr the leaf of Aloe by using maceration method, concentrated by rotary evaporator and evaporated by waterbath. The test of antioxidant activity use DPPH method 1,1 – diphenil-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH), and an observed...

  2. Usulan Pemilihan Alternatif Tipe Crane Berdasarkan Faktor Biaya Dan Fisik Di Pt Pelindo I Belawan

    OpenAIRE

    Simarmata, Pandapotan

    2015-01-01

    PT Pelindo Belawan adalah perusahan yang bergerak di bidang jasa kepelabuhanan. Salah satu jasa yang ditawarkan oleh PT Pelindo Belawan adalah bidang bongkar muat barang. Departemen yang menangani kegiatan bongkar muat adalah Unit Bongkar Muat. Unit bongkar muat ini biasanya melakukan kegiatan bongkar muat untuk barang curah baik curah kering ataupun cair dan peti kemas. Muatan seperti curah kering menggunakan mobile crane sebagai alat bongkar muat. Kegiatan bongkar muat berlangsung mulai dar...

  3. ANALISIS INVESTASI PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN TERMINAL LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG DI LABUAN MARINGGAI BERDASARKAN ANALISA BEBAN MODAL

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    Lebinner Sinaga

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Meningkatnya kebutuhan akan energi gas bumi tidak terlepas dari kondisi makro ekonomi di Indonesia. Dampak yang paling besar adalah dengan semakin berkembangnya sektor industri dalam negeri terutama di wilayah Jawa Barat dan Lampung, maka kebutuhan gas di wilayah ini meningkat untuk masa mendatang.Kondisi ini oleh PGN harus disikapi dengan serius dikarenakan kemampuan supply untuk gas saat ini tidak bisa untuk memenuhi kenaikan gas di masa mendatang yaitu sekitar 44% kenaikan kebutuhan gas. Saat ini PGN untuk wilayah Jawa Barat dan Lampung hanya mampu untuk mensupply sekitar 590 MMscfd, dengan target PGN untuk sepuluh tahun mendatang yaitu 1000 MMscfd, maka terjadi defisit supply gas sekitar 410 MMscfd. Dalam mencapai target supply gas yang telah ditetapkan yaitu 1000 Mmscfd dikarenakan terbatasnya pasokan gas dari sumber gas, maka PGN akan melakukan terobosan baru dengan keluar dari konsep supplay gas konvesional yakni dengan menggunakan gas alam cair atau Liquefied Natural Gas  (LNG. Dengan konsep ini, maka pasokan gas menjadi tidak terbatas, karena dapat didatangkan dari berbagai tempat ataupun dari negara lain. Dalam mendatangkan gas alam cair ini, dibutuhkan suatu stasiun penerima gas yang biasa disebut LNG Receiving yang penempatannya dengan berbagai pertimbangan dipilih di darat (onshore. Pembangunan terminal LNG ini sangat dibutuhkan untuk meningkatkan supply gas PGN. Pembangunan terminal LNG ini diperlukan satu arahan secara economical value. Dengan menggunakan metode Nilai Sekarang Bersih (NSB, Nilai Tahunan Bersih (NTB, dan Tingkat Pengembalian Internal (IRR maka proyek Pembangunan Terminal LNG ini layak untuk dilaksanakan.

  4. KUALITAS DATA IMUNISASI RUTIN BERDASARKAN METODE DATA QUALITY SELF ASSESSMENT (DQS

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    Ingan Tarigan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Reporting and Recording System on immunization in Indonesia have been faced with many difficulties. Data quality and accuracy are the main problem that can be found in Puskesmas, District Health Office and also in Provincial Health Office. Usually, Health information system is limited on data collecting activity but not following by analyzing it. Therefore, this current system can't support/provide valuable (immunization information as needed by the stakeholders. This research was conducted in 3 provinces in Indonesia. Selected study areas were Lampung province (Metro city and Lampung Selatan district; West Java Province (Bogor city and Garut district, East Nusa Tenggara Province (Kupang city and Belu district. The objectives of this study were to assess the quality of recording and reporting system of immunization based on the DQS method Study design was cross-sectional. Assessment was carried out with Data Quality Self-Assessment (DQS method, using qualitative design by conducting interview and observation. Data quality of Immunization program was divided into 5 groups: recording, reporting, demography/denominator, availability of form, and data utilization. The assessment on DQS method showed that not all immunization services was reported by heath providers; data processed manually; archiving system was not well managed; lack of provided forms for recording and reporting forms; data was not reported in time; set up the immunization target was not standardized among areas (for every administrative levels; monitoring was  not conducted optimum to evaluate the performance of immunization program; and capacity building on human resources was urgently needed to improve the quality of immunization program.  Keywords: Immunization, Quality, DQS Method

  5. POLA PENYAKIT SEBAB KEMATIAN DI JAWA - BALI BERDASARKAN SURVEI KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA 1995

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    Sarimawar Djaja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia, the National Household Health Survey (SKRT is still the main source of information on causes of death, which is now integrated with the National Socio Economic Survey (Susenas. The SKRT uses technique of verbal autopsy with open questions then classifies the diseases using ICD 10. There were 1719 cases obtained with 97,8% response rate of deaths reported by Susenas to the SKRT. Eventhough there are some limitations, the 1995 SKRT using proportion analysis is able to show the pattern of cause of death. The pattern in Java-Bali shows the current trend of epidemiologic transition - the changing pattern of infectious diseases towards degenerative diseases. For the first time the 1995 SKRT reveals the replacement of dominant infectious diseases by circulatory (cardio as well as cerebrovascular diseases. The SKRT observation in the period of 1980 -1995 shows that the transition has happened with rapid trend compared to the England and Wales experience. Yet infectious diseases are still the important cause of death particularly among young age groups and population in the rural areas. Circulatory diseases do not affect only the old age groups but the productive age groups as well. The circulatory diseases can not be disregarded in the rural areas. This condition affects both sexes male and female. Maternal together with perinatal diseases are still quite substantial causes of death.

  6. Pengembangan Tungku Gasifikasi Arang Biomassa Tipe Natural Draft Gasification Berdasarkan Analisis Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD

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    Erlanda Augupta Pane

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A biomass stove based on natural draft gasification (NDG has been developed in a previous study (Nelwa, et al. 2013 by using simulation based on heat transfer and equilibrium modeling. In this study, a CFD simulation was performed in order to analyze the effect of chimney height, and inlet hole diameter of the stove to the performance of the stove. The results of simulation showed that power produced by stove was between 1863.9 J/s until 2585.7 J/s, and its gasification efficiency was 67.11%. The results of simulation also showed that charcoal gasification produces combustible gases (CO, CH4, and H2 at the bottom and the center of stove, and then they were oxidized by secondary air at the top of stove. This oxidation reaction produces sufficient heat energy which can be used for cooking process.

  7. Analisa Layout Surat Kabar Berdasarkan Prinsip-Prinsip Desain Melalui Metode Estetika Birkhoff

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    Arik Kurnianto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has primary focus to analyze the aesthetic layout of a newspaper with a mathematical approach, which refers to some methods of Birkhoffs aesthetic measurement developed by David Ngo Chek Ling, et.al. Ngo developed a method of measuring the aesthetic layout that can be used for various design purposes, especially for a computer interface design. Measurement method that he developed refers to the principles of design aesthetics, such as: the principle of balance, the principle of sequence, the principle of unity, and the principle of equilibrium. Birkhoff aesthetic measurement method was used as final analysis to determine the value of aesthetic layout. In this study, some national and local media were selected as samples to determine and assess the aesthetic layout. Based on data analysis, Birkhoff aesthetic measurement method can be applied to measure the aesthetic value of the newspaper layout mathematically.

  8. EVALUASI SISTEM INFORMASI KENDARAAN (GFSERVICE)- BINUS UNIVERSITY BERDASARKAN KERANGKA COBIT PADA DOMAIN DELIVERY AND SUPPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Tangkas Udiono; Haris Setia Budi; Mariyani

    2015-01-01

    Information Systems Audit is an activity that is carried out in a company that aims to ensure compliance with existing policies. General Services is one of the units in BINUS University whose activities in the form of services such as Transportation and Document Courier, Copy Centre and General Facility. However, this study is limited to the Transportation and Document Courier unit that uses an online reservation application gfservice.binus.ac.id. Maturity level of the existing information sy...

  9. Sebaran Lokasi Penanaman Bawang Merah Lokal Samosir Berdasarkan Ketinggian Tempat Di Daerah Tangkapan Air Danau Toba

    OpenAIRE

    Hutapea, Rose Friska

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to determine the location planting distribution of Samosir’s local onion based on altitude in Watershed of Lake Toba. This research was conducted in the central region of onion planting around of Lake Toba which have at altitude 900 – 2000 meters above sea level. This research used survey methods which includes literature studies, preparation of the questionnaire, the determination of research location, location mapping for the research, survey around of Lake Toba and proc...

  10. Studi Perancangan Bangunan Amaliun Food Court Ditinjau Berdasarkan Kinerja Aspek Fungsional

    OpenAIRE

    Ritonga, Isniar Tiurma Leonora

    2016-01-01

    Architectural Design always attempt to provide the building withperformance (efficiency and effectiveness) which has physically comfort in carrying out any activities. The capacity to accommodating the activites is one of the building functional aspects. Consequently, when the planned buildings inhabited, they are usually developed to become functional aspects. This condition becomes the challenge for building in maintainingtheir performance. The implementation of performanc...

  11. ANALISIS TINGKAT KAPABILITAS SISTEM INFORMASI RUMAH SAKIT BERDASARKAN COBIT 5 (MEA01 PADA RSUD TUGUREJO SEMARANG

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    Ariel Bagus Nugroho

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available RSUD Tugurejo Semarang merupakan Rumah Sakit kelas B milik pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang menyediakan pelayanan jasa untuk masyarakat. Dalam manajemen pengolahan data, RSUD Tugurejo Semarang telah menggunakan sistem informasi rumah sakit. Untuk mengetahui apakah sistem informasi telah berjalan seperti yang diharapkan, maka perlu dilakukan analisis tatakelola teknologi informasi. Pada penelitian ini analisis tatakelola teknologi informasi berfokus pada proses pengawasan, evaluasi dan penilaian kinerja, dan kesesuaian kinerja teknologi informasi, yaitu domain MEA01 pada framework COBIT 5.Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui tingkat kapabilitas dan strategi perbaikan untuk proses pengawasan, evaluasi dan penilaian kinerja dan kesesuaian TI. Metode pengumpulan  data penelitian ini dengan menggunakan studi dokumen, kuesioner dan wawancara kemudian dianalisis tingkat kapabilitas dan kesenjangan. Tingkat kapabilitas yang didapat dari hasil penelitian yaitu berada level 2 (managed. Untuk menaikkan tingkat kapabilitas pada level 3 maka maka perlu dilakukan secara bertahap strategi perbaikan pada PA 2.1, PA2.2, PA 3.1, dan 3.2. Kata kunci: Analisis Tata Kelola TI, COBIT 5, MEA01, Tingkat Kapabilitas, Rumah Sakit.

  12. Pendugaan Umur Simpan Kerupuk Bawang Kentang Dengan Metode Akselerasi Berdasarkan Pendekatan Kadar Air Kritis

    OpenAIRE

    Murni, Asri

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research was to find the effect of several types of packaging and storage time of the onion potato chips, and to estimate the shelf life of onion potato chips which were packed in polypropylene, polyethylene, and metalized plastic using accelerated method based on the critical moisture content approach. The effect of the types of packaging and storage time of the onion potato chips was determined using a completely randomized design with two factors,i.e.packaging type (K) (pol...

  13. Penskalaan Butir Format Respons Pilihan dan Respons Bebas Berdasarkan Model Rasch dan Partial Credit

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    Eko Hariadi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian melihat pengaruh jumlah parameter butir, kategori respons bebas (RB, pengaruh sampel terhadap akurasi estimasi parameter kemampuan untuk menghasilkan estimasi yang stabil dan pengaruh pembobotan butir RP dan butir RB terhadap kesalahan baku. Penelitian dalam dua tahap, simulasi menggunakan 30 kondisi dengan replikasi 50 dengan variabel panjang tes, jumlah kategori, dan jumlah parameter butir, dan analisis deskriptif, dilanjutkan penerapan penskalaan gabungan butir tipe respons pilihan (rp dan butir respons bebas (rb pada konstruksi tes elektronika yang terdiri 40 butir pilihan ganda dan 4 butir jawaban tersusun, 3 butir memiliki lima kategori jawaban dan 1 butir dengan 4 kategori jawaban, melibatkan 355 siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: ukuran sampel kurang berpengaruh pada root mean square error atau (RSME> dan korelasi antara 9 dengan 0, namun berpengaruh terhadap akurasi estimasi parameter butir pilihan ganda (/>/y,dan parameter butir respons tersusun (3^- Jumlah parameter butir berpengaruh terhadap parameter kemampuan, tetapi tidak berpengaruh terhadap akurasi dari b^, dan S„,. Estimasi dari parameter tingkat kesulitan butir jawaban tersusun tiga kategori lebih akurat daripada butir jawaban tersusun lima kategori. Estimasi tahan {robust untuk parameter kesulitan butir jawaban tersusun 5 kategori memerlukan sampel minimal 250 responden, sedangkan untuk butir respons tersusun 3 kategori memerlukan sampel minimal 100 responden. Estimasi parameter kemampuan dari skor total (0^^ tidak sama dengan rata-rata jumlah tbeta dari masing-masing subtes (0^ + 0CR. Theta dari tes yang dikalibrasi bersama-sama berbeda dengan theta dari total subtes yang dikalibrasi secara terpisah. Korelasi kemampuan yang mengunakan pembobotan dan kemampuan tanpa pembobotan mempunyai suatu rentang dari 0,988 sampai 0,948. Kata kunci: penyekaiaan, model rash dan partial credit.

  14. Penetapan Kadar Asam Lemak Bebas Pada Minyak Kelapa Sawit (Crude Palm Oil) Berdasarkan Standar Nasional Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Lestari, Melya

    2011-01-01

    Tanaman kelapa sawit (Elaeis guinensis JACQ) adalah tanaman berkeping satu yang termasuk dalam famili Arecaceae. Nama genus Elaies berasal dari bahasa Elaion atau minyak, sedangkan nama spesies Guinensis berasal dari kata Guinea, yaitu tempat di mana seorang ahli bernama Jacquin menemukan kelapa sawit pertama kali di pantai Guinea (Ketaren,1986). Kelapa sawit dapat tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah beriklim tropis dengan curah hujan 2000 mm/tahun dan kisaran suhu 22º - 32ºC. Warna daging buah ia...

  15. Gambaran Efektivitas Kepemimpinan Bina Nusantara Computer Club Kepengurusan Ke-22 Berdasarkan Fiedlers Contingency Model

    OpenAIRE

    Eleonora Francisca Maria Sumual; Juliana Lee

    2011-01-01

    Fiedler has theory which is called contingency model. According to him, if an organization attempts to achieve group effectiveness through leadership, then there is a need to assess the leader according to an underlying trait, assess the situation faced by the leader, and construct a proper match between the two. With Fiedler model, researchers were doing assessment to one of the student organization in Bina Nusantara University, which is BNCC 22nd student committee. The result of the researc...

  16. Gambaran Efektivitas Kepemimpinan Bina Nusantara Computer Club Kepengurusan Ke-22 Berdasarkan Fiedlers Contingency Model

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    Eleonora Francisca Maria Sumual

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Fiedler has theory which is called contingency model. According to him, if an organization attempts to achieve group effectiveness through leadership, then there is a need to assess the leader according to an underlying trait, assess the situation faced by the leader, and construct a proper match between the two. With Fiedler model, researchers were doing assessment to one of the student organization in Bina Nusantara University, which is BNCC 22nd student committee. The result of the research is that student organization in this case two committees from BNCC show two different results. The first one does not fit with Fiedler model, which is the people oriented leader can make an effective leadership, and the second one with people oriented leader seems not effective to lead the committee with more old member of the organization.

  17. Perbedaan kualitas hidup anak penderita penyakit ginjal kronis berdasarkan stadium penyakit ginjal kronis

    OpenAIRE

    Nadeak, Dicky Iskandar

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition whereas kidney damage occurs at least 3 months with or without decrease of glomerular filtration rate or glomerular filtration rate less than 60mL/minute/1.73m¬2. Assessment quality of life is important in children with CKD cause it can influence physical growth, developmental retardation, cognitive impairment, academic imparment, emotional disorders and social relationships Objective To assess quality of life in children based on stag...

  18. Analisis Keanekaragaman Genetik dan Diferensiasi Jati Jawa dan Madura berdasarkan Marka Mikrosatelit untuk Mendukung Fingerprinting Jati

    OpenAIRE

    Munisyatul Millah; Noor Aini Habibah; Endah Suwarni

    2010-01-01

    Analysis fingerprinting teak is supported by information about teak’s character molecularly. The information is gotten by analyzing 3 primary microsatellite in 46 teak samples that produce total 18 kinds of alel averagely 6 alel per locus. Genetics variety level is shown by Observed Heterozigosity (Ho), Expected Heterozygosity (He), Polimorfi sm Information Content (PIC) and Genetics Differentiation Coeffi cient successively 0.5122; 0.6221; 0.5818; and 0.0629. Kinship connection through den...

  19. KARAKTERISASI DAN JARAK KEMIRIPAN UWI (Dioscorea alata L. BERDASARKAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI UMBI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trimanto Trimanto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Yam (Dioscorea alata L. is a potential local crop for supporting food security program in Indonesia.  Inventory and characterization of yam have been conducted in scattered population at Nganjuk region - East Java.  The research was aimed to identify the characteristic of Nganjuk’s yam, based on the tuber morphology and to determine its similarity distance value.  The characterisation were analyzed using interval similarity function, based on NTSys DICE coefficient programme. The result showed that 22 accession numbers which comprises of 13 variants of yam were found in Nganjuk region. The same variants of yams indicated by their close similarity distance although they were originated from different areas.

  20. PERENCANAAN TARIF IDEAL PENGIRIMAN BARANG BERDASARKAN METODE PERHITUNGAN BIAYA OPERASIONAL KENDARAAN (BOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erna Mulyati

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available PT Syncrum Logistics is a company engaged in the expedition of freight transportation services 3PL (Third Party Logistics, which delivery goods from one place to the destination area by land (On Road by using a fleet of wings box trucks. PT Syncrum Logistics has more than 80 wings box fleet which are owned by the box itself. One is a box type truck wings are often used for service delivery to Milkrun Cibitung. On the imposition of tariffs for one-time delivery of goods on the route there is a difference with Milkrun Cibitung previous rate calculation that originally was Rp 800.802, - to be decreased to Rp 522.700,-. Tariff of Rp 522.700 based solely on the price offer made by the customer on the marketing side. That price has not reached the ideal rate of the company. From the description above, the calculation for ideal freight rates by route Milkrun Cibitung uses the Vehicle Operating Costs. Calculating the Vehicle Operating Costs must first determine the fixed costs, variable costs and the determination of the basic rate and calculation of the costs incurred each year, month and day, and the benefits to be achieved by the company. Difference obtained is Rp 229.837,- from the initial rate off price minimum negotiable to do between Rp 800.802 to Rp. 707.612/28 pallets (Full Load.

  1. Identifikasi Kelelawar Pemakan Buah Asal Sulawesi Berdasarkan Morfometri (THE MORPHOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF CELEBES FRUIT BATS)

    OpenAIRE

    Tiltje Andretha Ransaleleh; Rarah Ratih Adjie Maheswari; Purwantiningsih Sugita; Wasmen Manalu

    2013-01-01

    The bat is very important for human life, because of their  role as pollinator of plants, as a producer oforganic fertilizer,  and as food.  In Northern Celebes fruit eating bats serve as exotic food, so the presenceof bats were threatened to be extinct due to uncontrolled hunting.  The changes of the forest for plantationlands, damage the habitats and the bats were forced to migrate out.   The aim of the study was to identifythe fruit eating bats of Celebes.  Morphometry of body size, skull,...

  2. PENGELOMPOKAN BERBAGAI MERK MI INSTAN BERDASARKAN KEMIRIPAN KANDUNGAN GIZI DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS BIPLOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AGUSTINUS ANGELAUS ETE

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available At this time, almost everyone once to consume instant noodles. The high interest of public on the instant noodles should be balanced with enough knowledge about the noodles and its nutritional content, either on it’s instant noodles which have similar nutrient content and nutrient content that become identifier of each this group of noodles. The method can be used to obtain information on several brands of instant noodles that have similar nutrient content and nutrient content type that become identifier of each group of instant noodles is biplot analysis. Biplot analysis can show mie and nutrient content types simultaneously in a two-dimension plot. So that from a plot shows noodles and nutritional content types simultaneously, so that obtain information about the instant noodle that have similar nutrient content and nutrient content types into identifier of each group of instant noodles. This study was used 33 brands of instant noodles as observed objects with the type of nutrient content were observed there were nine. This study aims to find out some instant noodles that have similar nutrient content and nutrient content type that become identifier of each group of instant noodles. From the biplot analysis, obtained six groups of instant noodles with different identifier variables.

  3. Identifikasi longsoran bawah laut berdasarkan penafsiran seismik pantul di perairan Flores

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    Kris Budiono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no1.20092Submarine sliding frequently cause tsunami or a high velocity big wave around the submarine slid- ing area which enable to reach a long distance. This sliding is not always as a causal factor for hazard and even associate with storm and earthquake. Some of them occur in a narrow area and it’s just formed due to gravitational movement. Different with mechanism of landslide, which is commonly due to water saturated soil, the submarine sliding is a more complex event. The submarine sliding is an important natural process which causes a big volume of sediment mass moves from a shallow area to a much deeper area of seafloor. There are many types and causal factors of seafloor instability, but the sliding terminology is predominantly used for the phenomena. A variety of seafloor materials, environments and sediment masses are some extreme influential factors in creat- ing the types of submarine sliding. The reflector of seismics is usefull to interpret the indications of the occurrence of geological structure and sub-marine slumping In case of the Flores Sea, earthquake is a major causal factor for creating submarine sliding. The bigger magnitude of earthquake, the greater the dimension of submarine sliding. Eventually, it may affect to the more possible occurrence of a potential hazardous tsunami.  

  4. Tinjauan Yuridis Tentang Perjanjian Kredit Sindikasi Berdasarkan Hukum Kontrak (Study Kasus PT. Bank Sumut)

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Mulia Pandapotan

    2012-01-01

    Banking is one of the financial institutions which influence the economic development of a country. The role of a Bank as a financial institution in improving the development becomes important. From this point of view, it is obvious that a bank functions as “financial intermediary” with its main attempt is gathering and distributing funds to the public, and providing services in transferring payment. There are various kinds of loan granting by the Bank. Granting loan is, of cou...

  5. EVALUASI EMERGENCY RESPONS PLAN PADA KAPAL 42M CREW BOAT BERDASARKAN IMO INTERIM GUIDILINES

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    Mochamad Luqman Ashari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Emergency situations that have tendency or potential harm can be happened any time and any where and carry some big damaging impacts to property damages, mental disturbances, injured and died victims. In shipping, emergencies can be happened in both at anchor or while doing loading and unloading activities at the port. The type of equipments used in emergency situations set out in SOLAS Chapter III (Life Saving Appliance and the guidelines for evacuation analysis on passenger ships refer to the IMO Guidelines Interm MSC/Circ.909. This study aimed to determine the muster station and evacuation time on the ship 42 M crewboats with a capacity of 101passengers. This ship consists of three parts of decks, these are lower part, main deck and bridge deck. The results showed that the placement of muster station is on the bridge deck with required wide 35.35 m2. Evacuation time need by the all passengers to reach the muster station on the bridge deck is 51.59 minutes, and this is in accordance with standard evacuation time (not more than 60 minutes.

  6. KARAKTERISASI DAN JARAK KEMIRIPAN UWI (Dioscorea alata L.) BERDASARKAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI UMBI

    OpenAIRE

    Trimanto Trimanto

    2012-01-01

    Yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is a potential local crop for supporting food security program in Indonesia.  Inventory and characterization of yam have been conducted in scattered population at Nganjuk region - East Java.  The research was aimed to identify the characteristic of Nganjuk’s yam, based on the tuber morphology and to determine its similarity distance value.  The characterisation were analyzed using interval similarity function, based on NTSys DICE coefficient programme. The result show...

  7. Kecemasan Menghadapi Assessment Centre Berdasarkan Kepribadian Big Five dan Persepsi Dukungan Organisasi

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyawati, Endang

    2015-01-01

    In the era of globalization, the role of human resources is increasingly important in achieving organizational goals. Assessment centre in human resources management is one of the methods of evaluation and selection in the promotion of employees. Evaluation process in assessment center process, may lead anxiety for employees. The level of anxiety is influenced by personality and perceived organizational support. The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between big five personal...

  8. penentuan kualitas batubara berdasarkan log gamma ray, log densitas dan analisis parameter kimia

    OpenAIRE

    afriani, yulia

    2015-01-01

    The research has been carried to determine coal quality at coal mine pit 2a South Block Lamin Project PT Mega Alam Sejahtera Berau East Borneo. The method that used in this research is well logging namely gamma ray log and density log to determine subsurface profile with 13 drilling point. From results of the analysis and interpretation of data obtained by the value of the average density is 1.63 g / cc, shale volume average of 0.2%, The average of ash conten 6:46%, average calorie of 5103.5...

  9. Proses Kliring Berdasarkan Warkat Pada Bank Mandiri Cabang Medan Imam Bonjol

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Novita Grezsia

    2014-01-01

    Kliring dilaksanakan di Bank Indonesia (BI) dengan menggunakan SKN (Sistem Kliring Nasional), dimana sistem ini baru diterapkan yang dimana sebelum menggunakan sistem SKN Kliring dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan SOKL (Sitem Otomasi Kliring Lokal). Pada daerah didalam wilayah Indonesia yang tidak ada Bank Indonesia maka proses Kliring dilakukan oleh salah satu Bank yang ditunjuk oleh Bank Indonesia pada daerah tersebut sehingga selain berfungsi sebagai Bank Umum yang melayani nasabah, maka Bank...

  10. KERAGAMAN DAN ANALISIS KEKERABATAN Hoya spp. BERTIPE DAUN NON SUKULEN BERDASARKAN KARAKTER ANATOMI DAUN

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    Aldi Rahman Hakim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hoya spp. (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoideae has differences in leaf type, there are succulent and non succulent leaf types.  Anatomical structure of Hoya spp. leaf has not been widely studied, especially for the non succulent type. The aims of this research were to explore the diversity and relationship of non succulent Hoya, based on leaf anatomical characters represented by eight species i.e. H. bandaensis, H. campanulata, H. chlorantha, H. cilliata, H. coriacea, H. coronaria, H. densifolia and H. multiflora. Hoya leaf anatomical characters were observed on the paradermal and transversal section and analyzed by using IBM SPSS version 19 sotfware for cluster analysis. According to the paradermal observation, stomata were present at lower surface (hypostomatic for all species, and amphistomatic (both surface for H. densifolia.  The type of stomata is cyclocytic for all species. Clustered stomata were found in H. coriacea.  Observation on transversal section showed that all of species has the normal structure i.e cuticula, upper and lower epidermis, palisade parenchyma and spongy parenchyma with the variation in the layer thickness.  The cluster analysis resulted four groups at distance scale 19. Each group has specific characters. The first group has trichomes on both sides of the leaf surface. The second group has amphistomatic stomatal. The third group has thin leaves. The fourth group has the widest stomata.

  11. KEANEKARAGAMAN DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr. DI PULAU BENGKALIS BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGI

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    Sri Lestari

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Bengkalis Island is one of the areas with high diversity of durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.. This research was aimed to analyze the diversity of  durian cultivars of Bengkalis Island. It was conducted from April up to August 2010. The morphological data were analysed using NTSYS-pc 2.02 and minitab 14.13 softwares. Genetic similarity value among 36 accesions ranged from 0,28 (between BT 14, BT 15 and SB6 to 0,66 (between BT6 and BT7. The cluster analysis showed that durian diversity from Bengkalis island was 34-58% or had similarity level 42-66% and formed 7 main groups. However, they were ungroupped depend on their growth areas. Based on PCA (Principal Components Analysis value, durian diversity was 99,7% and formed 6 groups.  Furthermore, the result of pearson correlation analysis among 77 character showed that 10 characters were positively correlated and 4 characters were negatively correlated.

  12. Keragaman Genetik Tiga Populasi Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guinensis Jacq.) Tipe Pisifera Berdasarkan Marka RAPD

    OpenAIRE

    Prayogi, Heru

    2015-01-01

    Palm oil as a plant producing oil is one of the primadonna oil palm plantations that become a source of producer non-migas for Indonesia foreign exchange. Superior varieties of palm oil produced by various research institutions that is a hybrid is tenera dura x pisifera (DxP). Pisifera having an important function in the production of seed oil palm. Hence the population pisifera very important to be managed and developed . A method of RAPD is a method to identify a number of large polymorphis...

  13. Desain Routing Information Protocol pada Jaringan Kamputer dengan Pengalokasian Jumlah Host Per Jaringan Berdasarkan VLSM

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Mhd Abdi Wahyuda

    2015-01-01

    The allocation of IP addresses is fundamental in building a computer network. In order for IP address allocation can be efficiently applied to each device connected to a network, first we should calculate the block of IP addresses available. On the other hand the process of routing in the network also requires efficient allocation of IP addresses. To help determining the allocation of IP address and routing path, an application as alternative solution is required. This study uses the Routing ...

  14. POLA ENDAPAN MINERAL DAN UNSUR LOGAM BATUAN DI DAS JENEBERANG BERDASARKAN DATA XRF, XRD DAN AAS

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Altin Massinai; Lantu; Makhrani; Maria

    2014-01-01

    Sungai Jeneberang merupakan aliran letusan gunungapi Lompobattang. Erupsi tersebut mengendapkan mineral-mineral di sepanjang aliran sungai Jeneberang, baik dari jenis logam maupun non logam. Indikasi mineralisasi di daerah DAS Jeneberang ditunjukkan dengan ditemukannya kekar-kekar yang berupa urat-urat (veins). Prospek akan mineralisasi ini juga ditunjang oleh struktur geologi yang termasuk cukup kompleks, karena Pulau Sulawesi merupakan pertemuan tiga lempeng bumi yakni Eurasia, Indo-Austra...

  15. Analisis Kandungan Klorin Pada Air Teh Celup Berdasarkan Suhu Dan Waktu Pencelupan Di Kota Medan 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Silaban, Saurma Erni Selvita

    2014-01-01

    Tea is the most consumed beverage either cold or hot. One kind of them is bag tea products. Tea bag is wrapped in smooth porous paper and heat resistant. In general, the paper uses chlorine as a bleach, it is the reason for necessary to study the chlorine content in water of tea bag. The purpose of this study was to determine the chlorine content in water of tea bag based on temperature and time. The kind of this study is descriptive survey. The object of study is the water of tea bag mixi...

  16. EVALUASI CEPAT DESAIN ELEMEN BALOK BETON BERTULANGAN TUNGGAL BERDASARKAN RASIO TULANGAN BALANCED

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    Agustinus Agus Setiawan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Design procedure for reinforced concrete structure in Indonesia is provided by Tata Cara Perhitungan Struktur Beton, SNI 03-2847-2002. This code covers analysis method and basic assumptions that can be taken by a structural designer to design a reinforced concrete structure. An engineer has to design a flexural component, one of the structural component. One of the flexural component is beam element. SNI 03-2847-2002 adopt capacity design method in beam element design. This paper will be discuss a simple design procedure in beam element, based on ξ variable, which is ratio between ρ/ρb, with ρb is the balanced reinforcement ratio. The ξ value is limited to 0,75 maximum in SNI 03-2847-2002. A detail failure is guarantee in a beam element with ξ under 0,75. The analysis that have been done before, produce the correlation between Mn/bd2 and ξ, which can be a tool for design a beam element. A simple calculation use the table (Mn/bd2 vs ξ will be present at the end of this paper.

  17. STUDI PERILAKU KONSUMEN DAN IDENTIFIKASI PARAMETER BAKSO SAPI BERDASARKAN PREFERENSI KONSUMEN DI WILAYAH DKI JAKARTA

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    Ratna Yudtyhia Andayani 2

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Meat Ball is a very popular meat product in Indonesia, but there is still no quality standard of meat ball based on consumer preferences. The aim of the research was to identify consumer preferences of meat ball. This research was carried ont in three steps, which were consumer survey, sensory evaluation and physical and chemical analysis of meat ball. The results of consumer survey showed that the four factors that affect consumer preferences on meat ball (in priority order were quality, selling place, price and accessibility. The five quality characteristics of which affect consumer preferences (in priority order were taste, aroma, texture, color and size. The most favoured meat ball had moderate brothiness, light salt (salt content of 2 %, strong meat flavor with (meat content of + 45% boiled meat aroma; moderate tenderness (tenderness values of 0,90 kg/mm – 0,91 kg/mm and slight chewiness (chewiness value of 0,91 kg/mm; light grey color with L (lightness value of 53, 77, (a value of 3,77 and b value of 10,36 round form; medium size (diameters of 3-5 cm, amount to three to five meat ball per serving with reasonable price of Rp 2.000,- to Rp 3.000,- per serving.

  18. Penilaian Kinerja PT Bank X dalam Mengelola Asset dan Kewajiban Berdasarkan Analisis Resiko dan Analisis Return

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    Muhammad Yusuf

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Performance financial evaluation became a primary indicator for management, especially a bank. This research evaluated asset and liability management of PT Bank X to describe its risk and return, by using financial ratios. The results found that performance ratios of PT Bank X decreasingly, where interest margin and net margin decreased to negative. This because of interest expenses and other operational expenses increased. Risk evaluation based on liquidity ratio were also decreasing in 2006 2007, because of the most assets of the bank became illiquid assest and default credits. On the other hand, this conditions became worse because of Rush, many of their customers took their money out from the bank on the same period. In 2008, bank has reduced their default credits successively and made its liquidity better than previous year. Bad quality of credit management and control made the bank budgets their bad allowances for default credits higher and made banks capital risk higher too. Finally, all of banks capital was financed with their liabilities. The other hand, banks operating risk were recovered slowly, by organization rationalization to reduce number of employees, as efficiency also. But this effort, indeed, made employee expenses increasing because management must pay golden-shake hand costs to employees.

  19. Analisa Kuat Geser Balok Tinggi Beton Bertulang Berdasarkan Model Strut-And-Tie

    OpenAIRE

    Simamora, Vega Dinata P.

    2011-01-01

    Balok tinggi beton bertulang merupakan salah satu contoh daerah terganggu (Disturb Region) pada elemen struktur. Pada D-Region, teori balok (beam theory) tidak tepat diterapkan oleh karena itu diperlukan suatu metode yang rasional untuk diterapkan pada daerah-daerah tersebut. Strut-and-Tie Model (STM) merupakan pengembangan dari analogi rangka, telah diakui cukup baik diterapkan pada daerah-daerah tersebut. Pada penulisan skripsi ini metode Strut-and-Tie Model (STM) digunakan untuk memband...

  20. PENDETEKSIAN KEBERFUNGSIAN BUTIR PEMBEDA DENGAN INDEKS VOLUME SEDERHANA BERDASARKAN TEORI RESPONS BUTIR MULTIDIMENSI

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    Heri Retnawati

    2013-12-01

    Abstract The aim of the studi is to identify differential item fungtioning (DIF based on item response theory using bidimensional model. This study uses explorative quantitative approach. Data used in this study is a mathematics test of national exam 2003 data which has been proved to contain 2-dimensions (Badrun Kartowagiran & Heri Retnawati, 2007. The simple volume indices are used to detect DIF which is the development of the simple area indices. The testee are grouped based on their gender, groups of male students and female students. The item parameter estimation was performed with BILOG and TESTFACT, and then to estimate volume and draw the surface characteristics curve was conduct with MAPLE. The results showed that of the 28 items analyzed, 2 items potentially contained uniform DIF and 26 items potentially contained a non-uniform DIF.Keywords: unidimensional IRT, multidimensional IRT, DIF, UPD, SPD

  1. POLA KONSUMSI DAN PERMINTAAN PANGAN POKOK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS DATA SUSENAS 2005

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    Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Food demand can be found dynamic, altering by the change in price and income. How great the influence of those changes to food consumption is the important information as the basic consideration for government in creating policy related to food consumption. The objective of the research, which has survey design, was to analyze staple food consumption and demand pattern in household in Indonesia. The research was conducted in Bogor, from March to June 2008 by using secondary data Susenas year 2005 with 64.709 households as the samples. The staple food analyzed were rice, corn, cassava, sweet potato, wheat flour and its derived product (instant noodle, noodle. Data was processed by SAS program version 6.12 and Double-Log Regression econometrical model. Then, it was analyzed descriptively. Result shows that rice has the biggest expenditure proportion among staple food. Almost all staple food is obtained by purchasing, except in corn, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Energy contribution from rice reaches half of total energy consumption. The consumption of rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, wheat flour and its derived product, instant noodle, and wheat noodle per capita per year are 100.52 kg, 3.36 kg, 11.67 kg, 4.10 kg, 5.09 kg, 3.39 kg, and 0.22 kg. Staple food which has consumption participation level almost 100% is rice. The own price elasticity of staple foods are not elastic, except in corn, wheat flour and its derived product. The income elasticity of all staple foods is not elastic in all category of region and income stratification. The demand elasticity of staple food give some implications on consumption and food consumption improvement, they are: 1 raising price of staple food can decrease consumption, thus, price stability is very important, 2 almost all staple foods has not elastic income elasticity, so that food consumption improvement needs great stimulus of increasing income, 3 poor household is greatly influenced by the increasing of price, thus, food consumption improvement for them must be conducted by doing many relevant efforts, 4 target of decreasing rice consumption is still cannot be reached, so that staple food diversification must be continuously developed, 5 in order to develop local food consumption, like corn, cassava, and sweet potato, the development of agro industry based on local food and Communication Information Education (CIE about food consumption diversification are essential to be conducted. Keywords: consumption and demand pattern, staple food, Susenas

  2. TANGGUNG JAWAB DIREKSI DALAM KEPAILITAN PERSEROAN TERBATAS BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG PERSEROAN TERBATAS

    OpenAIRE

    Kurniawan

    2012-01-01

    In running their duties, the board of directors are given rights and full authority to represent the company as long as they act in conformity to the corporation’s Article of Associations. The directors of a limited liability company have both internal and external responsibilities. Internal responsibility includes the Directors’ liability towards the Company and its Shareholders, meanwhile external responsibility covers the Directors’ liability towards third parties to whom the company owes ...

  3. KONSEP HAK SESEORANG ATAS TUBUH DALAM TRANSPLANTASI ORGAN BERDASARKAN NILAI KEMANUSIAAN

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    Hwian Christianto

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The idea of right to body autonomy grows more important as people are able to donate their organs. However, the two conceptions of rights currently applicable, i.e. ‘ownership’ and ‘possession’, are highly inappropriate to be applied to this case because human body is not a property. In this light, humanity purposes constitute stronger concept of bodyautonomy. Pemahaman akan hak atas tubuh menjadi semakin penting ketika seseorang dapat mendonorkan organ tubuhnya. Kedua konsep hak yang selama ini berlaku, yaitu konsep “ownership” dan “possession” ternyata jika diterapkan ke hak atas tubuh sangat tidak sesuai karena tubuh manusia bukanlah barang. Dalam kondisi inilah konsep hak dengan tujuan kemanusiaan memberikan dasar yang kuat tentang hak atas tubuh.

  4. KEDUDUKAN KETETAPAN MPR BERDASARKAN UU NO. 12 TAHUN 2011 TENTANG PEMBENTUKAN PERATURAN PERUNDANG-UNDANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delfina Gusman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available MPR Decree in resettlement of legislation under the Constitution of 1945 on the basis of Law No. 12 Year 2011 cocerning formation of legislation gives rise to a variety of polemics in the position of the MPR as State institutions. Provisions of the MPR is considered to have urgency in Indonesia's system, because the MPR as State institutions is considered to still have the duty and the authority of its strategic, e.g: inauguration of President and Vice President, the establishment of the Constitution. MPR also made provisions as one of basic national legislation program.

  5. Penciptaan Naskah Drama Ambu Hawuk Berdasarkan Tradisi Lisan dan Perspektif Jender

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    Budi Darma

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas proses penciptaan naskah drama Ambu Hawuk . Naskah ini diadaptasi dari cerita lisandan mitologi lokal yang berkembang di daerah Sunda. Cerita lisan dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalamdengan para informan yang mewakili berbagai versi. Setidaknya terdapat enam versi tradisi lisan mengenai tokohini, yaitu versi Cikawungading, Manonjaya, Cianjur, Sukaraja, Parungponteng, dan Galunggung. Dari keenamversi tersebut terdapat variasi dan kesamaan. Naskah ini mencoba membangkitkan kembali semangat feminismedalam peristiwa-peristiwa yang dijalin dalam legenda Ambu Hawuk. Sistem patriarki masyarakat Sunda lebih seringmemandang perempuan sebagai sebuah kaum yang memiliki keterbatasan dibandingkan dengan kaum laki-laki.Cerita ini menggambarkan seorang perempuan yang dianggap berada di belakang laki-laki dan menjadi bayangbayangseorang laki-laki, muncul menjadi seorang pemimpin.Kata kunci: Ambu Hawuk, naskah drama, tradisi lisan.ABSTRACTThe Creating Process of Drama Script Ambu Hawuk Based on the Oral Tradition and the GenderPerspective. This article discusses about the creating process of the drama script Ambu Hawuk. This script was adaptedfrom the oral story and the local mythology developed in Sunda. This oral story was compiled through the intensive interviewwith some sources of information that represented many kinds of versions. There are six versions of the oral traditiontalking about this character, namely: the version of Cikawungading, Manonjaya, Cianjur, Sukaraja, Parungponteng, and Galunggung. Of those six versions, there are varieties and similarities. This script tries to develop feminism spirit on someinterrelated events in Ambu Hawuk legend. From the perspective of Sundanese’ point of view on the patriarchy system, women are regarded as God’s creature who have more basic physical and mental limitations than men. This story describes a woman who is regarded as a person behind the man’s existence and becomes the man’s shadow; but soon afterwards, she becomes a leader.Keywords: Ambu Hawuk, Drama Script, Oral Tradition

  6. Kadar Karbon Bambu Parring (Gigantochloa atter)Berdasarkan Analisis Komponen Kimia

    OpenAIRE

    Sanusi, Djamal; Baharuddin; Putranto, Beta

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui potensi bambu dan kemampuan hutan bambu menyerap karbon, membuat model pendugaan biomassa dan serapan CO2 tegakan bambu, serta menganalisis pola pengelolaan hutan bambu dalam optimalisasi pemanfaatan bambu. Metode yang digunakan adalah Interpretasi citra ALOS dan inventarisasi tegakan bamun untuk memperoleh luas hutan dan potemsi bambu. Penentuan biomassa dilakukan dengan metode destruktif dan pengukuran diameter dan tinggi untuk membuat model pendu...

  7. PEMBELAJARAN BERDASARKAN MASALAH MATERI GEOMETRI NON EUCLIDES UNTUK MELATIHKAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN KREATIF

    OpenAIRE

    Adamura, Fatriya; Masfingatin, Titin; Kirbiana, Elma Puspita

    2016-01-01

    Development and experiment research have been done because there is no learning tools ofproblem based learning. Development research was done by using modified 4-D model that consists of define, design, and develop. Research subject is student in Mathematics Education programme of IKIP PGRI Madiun even semester 2013/2014 that is learning Geometry System. Research instrument were validation sheet, reading validation sheet, learning management observation by lecturer sheet, student activity obs...

  8. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

    OpenAIRE

    S. E Nugroho; A. Setiawan; - Liliasari

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan rea...

  9. Kinerja Portofolio Saham Berdasarkan Strategi Investasi Momentum di Pasar Modal Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    I Gst. Bgs. Wiksuana

    2009-01-01

    This research analyzes stock portfolio performance based on momentum investment strategy in Indonesian capital market. The sample consists of public companies listed in the Jakarta Stock Exchange that were actively traded between the periods of December 2001 until December 2007. Sampling method used in this research is multiphase sampling method which is analyzed by using abnormal return stock portfolio performance and means difference statistical test. The results of the analysis show that m...

  10. Penciptaan Naskah Drama Ambu Hawuk Berdasarkan Tradisi Lisan dan Perspektif Jender

    OpenAIRE

    Budi Darma

    2013-01-01

    Artikel ini membahas proses penciptaan naskah drama Ambu Hawuk . Naskah ini diadaptasi dari cerita lisandan mitologi lokal yang berkembang di daerah Sunda. Cerita lisan dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalamdengan para informan yang mewakili berbagai versi. Setidaknya terdapat enam versi tradisi lisan mengenai tokohini, yaitu versi Cikawungading, Manonjaya, Cianjur, Sukaraja, Parungponteng, dan Galunggung. Dari keenamversi tersebut terdapat variasi dan kesamaan. Naskah ini mencoba membangkitk...

  11. Akurasi Derajat Fibrosis Hati Berdasarkan King’s Score Terhadap Fibroscan Pada Penyakit Hepatitis B Kronik

    OpenAIRE

    Marpaung, Yudi Andre

    2013-01-01

    Background: A great interest has been dedicated to the development of noninvasive predictive models in recent years to substitute liver biopsy for fibrosis assessment and follow-up. Cross, et al proposed King’s Score, Age (years) x AST (IU/L) x [INR / Platelets (109 Objective: To investigate the accuracy of /L)], a simpler model consisting of routine laboratory markers for predicting liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B in order to optimize their clinical management. King...

  12. Analisis Tarif Angkutan Antar Kota Nice Trans Taxi Berdasarkan Bok Dan Wtp

    OpenAIRE

    Bakara, Jefferey

    2016-01-01

    Penentuan besaran tarif angkutan membutuhkan penanganan dan kebijakan yangarif. Karena harus dapat menjembatani kepentingan penumpang selaku konsumen dan pengelola angkutan umum. Angkutan umum Nice Trans Taxi merupakan salah satu angkutan umum antar kota yang melayani daerah strategis, diharapkan dapatmewakili penumpang angkutan umum khususnya bus antar kota tujuan Medan - Pematang Siantar. Data di dapat dengan penyebaran kuisioner kepada pengguna angkutan Nice Trans Taxi dan juga wawanca...

  13. Penetapan Kadar Iodium Pada Garam Konsumsi Dengan Metode Iodometri Berdasarkan Standar Nasional Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Putri, Sri Armia Aditya

    2011-01-01

    Pembuatan garam di Indonesia adalah dengan sistem penguapan air laut menggunakan sinar matahari (solar energy) diatas lahan tanah, namun ada beberapa daerah yang memproduksi garam dengan cara memasak karena kondisi tanah yang poros yaitu Propinsi Aceh dan Bali. Produktifitas lahan garam tiap daerah tidaklah sama, hal ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh kualitas tanah tersedia, kelembaban udara, kecepatan angin dan sistem teknologi yang digunakan. Perkiraan produksi garam setiap tahun sulit diperk...

  14. EVALUASI SISTEM INFORMASI KENDARAAN (GFSERVICE- BINUS UNIVERSITY BERDASARKAN KERANGKA COBIT PADA DOMAIN DELIVERY AND SUPPORT

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    Tangkas Udiono

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information Systems Audit is an activity that is carried out in a company that aims to ensure compliance with existing policies. General Services is one of the units in BINUS University whose activities in the form of services such as Transportation and Document Courier, Copy Centre and General Facility. However, this study is limited to the Transportation and Document Courier unit that uses an online reservation application gfservice.binus.ac.id. Maturity level of the existing information systems in Directorate General Services specifically Transportation and Document Courier based on COBIT Maturity Model is 2,951 (Repeatable but Intuitive or approaching from the standards set by the International is 3:00, which means the process has been documented and communicated well. This study also conducted an evaluation of the quality of information systems and quality of information available. The result is positive impact on users' satisfaction, that means the increases of information quality and the quality of information systems of GF Services would increase student and employee satisfaction, but it also explained the factors that affect success utilization of existing information systems in order to rise to the level to 4, which means managed and Measurable. The results of the regression analysis and correlation between the quality factors of information systems and the quality of information on student satisfaction and employee are 38.2% and 48.1%; while the rest is influenced by other factors not addressed in this study.

  15. Identifikasi Kelelawar Pemakan Buah Asal Sulawesi Berdasarkan Morfometri (THE MORPHOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF CELEBES FRUIT BATS

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    Tiltje Andretha Ransaleleh

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The bat is very important for human life, because of their  role as pollinator of plants, as a producer oforganic fertilizer,  and as food.  In Northern Celebes fruit eating bats serve as exotic food, so the presenceof bats were threatened to be extinct due to uncontrolled hunting.  The changes of the forest for plantationlands, damage the habitats and the bats were forced to migrate out.   The aim of the study was to identifythe fruit eating bats of Celebes.  Morphometry of body size, skull,  and physical characteristics were usedin determining the types and distribution  of fruit eating bats in Celebes. The field survey was carried outat the hunting area, bat dealers, and bat sellers. The collected data were analyzed by using descriptivemethod and interpreted by narrating to describe the entire study. The result show that  there were fivetypes of fruit eating bats : i.e.  kalong sulawesi (Acerodon celebensis,  paniki pallas (Nyctimene cephalotes,codot wallet (Thoopterus nigrescens, nyap biasa (Rousettus amplexicaudatus, and  kalong hitam  (Pteropusalecto.

  16. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL EVALUASI PROSES PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DI SMP BERDASARKAN KURIKULUM 2013

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    Sugiyanto Sugiyanto

    2015-06-01

    Abstract This studi aims to develop a model for an evaluation of mathematics learning processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013 and evaluate the effectiveness of the model develo-ped. This was a research and development study. The subject of the research was the teachers, principals, and supervisors. The data collecting instruments were questionnaires and observational sheet. The development process was carried out in 4 stages namely: (1 preliminary investigation; (2 planning development, validation; (3 tryout; (4 product finalization. The try out was perform-ed in 3 stages with the increasing number of participants for each stage. The learning process evaluation model was supported by instrument to assess lesson plans, learning implementation, and the implementation of learning outcome assessment. The content validity was assessed through focus group discussion (FGD. The construct validity was assessed by the factor analysis, and the reliabilities were estimated by the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC. The result of the research was a model of evaluation of mathematics learning processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013, consisting of procedures, evaluation guideline and the well de-signed instruments. Based on the try out, all of the instruments have had good suitability, because construct validity and reliability meet all of the academic requirements. According to the evalua-tion from the practitioners and the model users, the model of the evaluation of mathematics learn-ing processes at junior high schools (JHSs based on Curriculum 2013 was very effective to be implemented. Keywords: development model, evaluation of learning processes, SMP mathematics

  17. PROFIL KEMATIAN NEONATAL BERDASARKAN SOSIO DEMOGRAFI DAN KONDISI IBU SAAT HAMIL DI INDONESIA

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    Raharni Raharni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Neonatal mortality is the death of an infant who is born alive within 7 days after birth (early neonatal mortality/perinatal, and the death of a baby born alive more than 7 days until approximately 29 days (advanced neonatal mortality. Neonatal deaths (infants aged 28 days is two thirds of infant mortality, whereas early neonatal mortality/perinatal (infant age of 7 days is two thirds of neonatal deaths. The purpose of this study was to determine neonatal mortality profiles based on socio demografic and the mother condition during pregnancy, and the data based on Riskesdas 2010. Methods: This study used cross sectional design, using data Riskesdas 2010. Result: From the analysis obtained the following results, 144 out of 163 neonatal deaths (88,6% were the early neonatal deaths (7 days of birth, the remain at 11.45% were advanced neonatal mortality. Most of neonatal deaths occur in fertil maternal age at delivery was mature enough that age group 18-34 years, but mostly with low and medium level of education that is 53% and 43% respectively. Mostly neonatal deaths occur when 2 continous birth delivery happens less than 12 months, total number is 100 (61 3%. Percentage of neonatal mortality is equal between working mothers and non working mothers. From the baby's weight with weight < 2500 grams and > 2500 grams, the percentage is nearly equal at 27-29%. Conclusion: The body weight most neonatal deaths were unknown was no significant difference between early neonatal and late neonatal. There demographic information according to both maternal, infant characteristics, or economic status. It is expected the results of this reseach can be used as reference related neonatal mortality profile and as an input in policy to improve the mother health during maternity and birth delivery and also to reduce the risk of neonatal death.   Keywords: early neonatal mortality/perinatal, neonatal mortality, pregnancy

  18. Keanekarragamann Beberapa Varietas Sansevieria trifasciata berdasarkan Karakter Anatomi, Isozim, dan Kandungan Saponin

    OpenAIRE

    WHIKA FEBRI DEWATISARI; SURANTO; PRABANG SETYONO

    2008-01-01

    Sansevieria is an ornamental plant which has variation on leaves color and shape. The aim of this research was to investigate anatomical structure (leaves, stem and root) of five cultivars of Sansevieria trifasciata namely Green tiger, Hahnii medio picta, Green arrow, Golden hahni, and Hahnii cream, as well as isozymic banding pattern and saponin constituent. The results indicated that those five cultivars have genetic variation. Hahnii medio picta has unique morphological shape than the othe...

  19. Keanekarragamann Beberapa Varietas Sansevieria trifasciata berdasarkan Karakter Anatomi, Isozim, dan Kandungan Saponin

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    WHIKA FEBRI DEWATISARI

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Sansevieria is an ornamental plant which has variation on leaves color and shape. The aim of this research was to investigate anatomical structure (leaves, stem and root of five cultivars of Sansevieria trifasciata namely Green tiger, Hahnii medio picta, Green arrow, Golden hahni, and Hahnii cream, as well as isozymic banding pattern and saponin constituent. The results indicated that those five cultivars have genetic variation. Hahnii medio picta has unique morphological shape than the others, while Green arrow has different stalk cells than the others. The dendogram resulting from peroxidase data, S. trifasciata was clustered in two groups where Hahnii medio picta has its own group. The esterase data is also showing two groups, where Golden Hahnii has its own group. The saponin constituent was found in the all five cultivars, which Golden Hahnii had the highest content, i.e. 1.77783 mg/g and 1.5810 mg/gag respectively for leaves and roots.

  20. Hubungan Kekerabatan Amfibi (Ordo Anura) di Kecamatan Sibolangit Kabupaten Deli Serdang Berdasarkan Morfometrik

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Junaydy Michael Angelo

    2016-01-01

    The research of Amphibians (order Anura) relationship based on morphometrics in Sibolangit, Deli Serdang District, North Sumatera has been conducted in January to July 2015. The purpose of this research was to determine the types and descriptions of Anura species, morphometrics diversity and morphometrics relationship of Anura. Study site was divided into seven different locations settled using Purposive Random Sampling Method. This study was conducted by the active search (...

  1. NOVEL GADIS PANTAI KARYA PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER: ANALISIS BERDASARKAN KONSEP ANDROGINI

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    Supriyadi

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Feminism firstly developed in France, but recently it has spread all over the world covering all aspects of life. particularly in the relations between men and women. Women feel that they have not had the same rights as men. A branch of feminism which attempts to abridge the relations is androgyny, with a concept of harmony where men and women should work together to reach social welfare. The concept is interesting particularly when applied in literary works written by male writers. Feminism then is also seen on men perspective. Gadis Pantai is one of Indonesian novels written by Pramoedya Anantya Toer which discusses feminism. The story is about a girl, whose name is Gadis Pantai, living in Rembang in the beginning of the twentieth century. She is the symbol of ordinary or laymen. She suffered when Bendoro, the symbol of noblemen, took her as his wife. The story is about the struggle between the two symbols.

  2. TANGGUNG JAWAB DIREKSI DALAM KEPAILITAN PERSEROAN TERBATAS BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG PERSEROAN TERBATAS

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    Mr. Kurniawan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In running their duties, the board of directors are given rights and full authority to represent the company as long as they act in conformity to the corporation’s Article of Associations. The directors of a limited liability company have both internal and external responsibilities. Internal responsibility includes the Directors’ liability towards the Company and its Shareholders, meanwhile external responsibility covers the Directors’ liability towards third parties to whom the company owes direct or indirect legal connection. There are two approaches to reason the effect of insolvency order to directors of a limited liability, i.e. ‘by operation of law’ and ‘rule of reason’. Dalam menjalankan tugasnya, direksi diberikan hak dan kekuasaan penuh mewakili perseroan, sepanjang bertindak sesuai dengan Anggaran Dasar perseroan. Tanggung jawab direksi perseroan terbatas terdiri dari tanggung jawab yang bersifat internal dan eksternal. Tanggung jawab internal meliputi tanggung jawab Direksi terhadap Perseroan dan Para Pemegang Saham, sedangkan tanggung jawab eksternal berupa tanggung jawab Direksi terhadap pihak ketiga yang berhubungan hukum dengan Perseroan, baik langsung maupun tidak langsung. Terdapat 2 (dua model pemberlakuan akibat hukum pernyataan pailit direksi perseroan terbatas, yaitu akibat berlaku demi hukum dan akibat berlaku secara rule of reason.

  3. Prakiraan Daerah Penangkapan Ikan Di Selat Bali Berdasarkan Data Citra Satelit

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    Iqbal Ghazali

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has a lot of potential marine ecosystem and fisheries, this condition make some many Indonesian get a occupation to be fisherman. However, that is make a problem during his fishing activity, so we have to make some sophisticated technology to support that is activity. At the time, remote sensing technology is the answer for they problem, it is because of that is technology fisherman can be improvement they catcher with more efficient. Determination of fishly ground area by remote sensing technology has some stage before arranging layout Fishly Ground Area Estimation (FGAE map. Procedure to arranging are respectively data searching, data processing, and data analysis, and the last stage is composing of layout of FGAE map.The main purpose of this study is to know about catching area at Bali straits based on image satellite with creating layout of FGAE map. This activity doing descriptive method and the value are based on observation, interview, active participation, and literature search data. At the PDPI making process, the chlorophyl-a data and sea surface temperature getting important parameter, which temperature is the main to parameter to understand of front area and upwelling which is have a lot of nutrient composition. In the other hand, chlorophyl-a is also parameter to know of prosperity area. The data of current, wind speed, wave, and sea surface level are important component as supporting data that will be help to fisherman on determination of fishing ground area at helping fisherman in catching activity. Keywords: Fishing ground, Remote sensing, Bali straits, Chlorophyl-a, Sea surface temperature  

  4. Perancangan Fasilitas Berdasarkan Prinsip-Prinsip Ergonomi Pada Bagian Sortasi Udang DI PT. Central Windu Sejati

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrik P. Simbolon

    2010-01-01

    PT. Central Windu Sejati adalah salah satu perusahaan yang bergerak di dalam bidang pembekuan udang. Produk-produk yang dihasilkan kebanyakan diekspor ke luar negeri. Kualitas dan ketepatan pengiriman adalah salah satu persyaratan yang harus dicapai agar kepercayaan akan produk yang dihasilkan dapat diterima oleh konsumen di luar negeri. Produktivitas adalah salah satu yang sangat diperhatikan oleh perusahaan dalam kegiatan produksi agar target produksi dapat dicapai dengan tepat. Salah s...

  5. Modifikasi Mesin Pemanen Udang/Ikan Tipe Vakum berdasarkan Analisis Antropometri

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    Diza Puspa Arista

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Many considerations was used when designing a tool or machine, one of that is ergonomics. Ergonomics makes the designing was effective and efficient in terms of the system, and operator’s comfort and safety also. The objective of this study is to determine the condition of operator in carrying out the work system of machine with simulation and ergonomics analysis using CATIA P3 V5R20, then modify it according to ergonomics principles that related to the posture of Indonesian people average (anthropometry, to get a comfortable working position, safe, and productive. Anthropometric data was used are male farmer’s data in Dramaga, Bogor. The object that would analyzed is the vacuum type shrimp or fish harvester. The results are a color sign and the final score that compared with RULA Method. From the simulation can be seen that the best Final Score is when operated the intake hole cap with the value of 2, the color code is green and acceptable. The worst result is when cranked the engine with the value of 4 and investige further. Modification was made to displace the engine position and addition the components for footing. The results of ergonomics simulation after modified was better than before.

  6. BESARAN MASALAH GIZI BALITA KABUPATEN BOGOR BERDASARKAN BAKU ANTROPOMETRI NCHS DAN WHO 2005

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    Iman Sumarno

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Magnitude of Malnutrition Among Under-Five In The District Of Bogor Using Anthropometric Standard Of NCHS And WHO 2005.Background: In the early June 2006 WHO introduced new Anthropometric standard. The WHO recommended the Southeast Asian countries to adopt the new standard. The standard is supported by software for data analysis. There seem no objections in adopting the standard. However, the experts group of Indonesian Nutrition Association demands to evaluate the standard, before Indonesia use it in the nutrition program. This paper is one of the activities in evaluating the impact of adopting new standard to the magnitude of malnutrition.Methods: This exercise use the data of Growth Monitoring Survey in the District of Bogor. The data were proccessed using the WHO anthropometric software. The data were analysed descriptively.Result: It was found that there is no significant difference in the prevalence of wasting, between using the NCHS and WHO standard (10.7% vs 11.1%. But the prevalence of wasting is doubling in the age group 0-5 months (7.8% vs 15.7%. The prevalence of stunted slightly increase, (14.7% by NCHS versus 18% by WHO. The prevalence of stunting is 34.1% by NCHS and 39.2% by WHO. The prevalence of severe underweight is the same; however, the prevalence of underweight is on the other way around. The prevalence is 20.2% by NCHS and become 15.9% by the WHO it is interesting to note when involving weight the prevalence always higher by WHO in the age group of 0-5 months.Conclusion: The lower prevalence of underweight may cause a problem in the program because this is the parameter that is used in the program. The target of nutrition program is set 20% underweight if we use WHO the prevalence now from 20.2% became 15%.Keywords: nutritional status index, anthropometric standard

  7. Modifikasi Mesin Pemanen Udang/Ikan Tipe Vakum berdasarkan Analisis Antropometri

    OpenAIRE

    Diza Puspa Arista; Sam Herodian; Muhamad Yulianto

    2013-01-01

    Many considerations was used when designing a tool or machine, one of that is ergonomics. Ergonomics makes the designing was effective and efficient in terms of the system, and operator’s comfort and safety also. The objective of this study is to determine the condition of operator in carrying out the work system of machine with simulation and ergonomics analysis using CATIA P3 V5R20, then modify it according to ergonomics principles that related to the posture of Indonesian people average (a...

  8. HUBUNGAN GANGGUAN GIZI ANAK BALITA BERDASARKAN INDEKS ANTROPOMETRI TUNGGAL DAN KOMBINASI DENGAN MORBIDITAS DAN IMPLIKASINYA

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    Yekti Widodo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Under weight, stunting and wasting are single anthropometry index that are not enough to predict prevalence of under nutrition. Using underweight as indicator to calculate prevalence of under nutrition can be under estimate or over estimate because of underweight is the result of stunting and wasting, not because of the sum of stunting and wasting. Objectives: The aim of this data analysis was to compare the relationship of prevalence of children under five under nutrition with morbidity between single and composite indices. Methods: The source of data from Health Research Basic (Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007/2008. Under five year nutritional status was analysis with WHO Anthro 2009 software. The statistically analysis conducted with X2 statistical test. Results: The prevalence of severe malnutrition (z-score <-3 SD, WH0-2005 based on single anthropometry index for underweight (weight/age was 4.8%, stunting (height/age was 18.8%, and wasting (weight/height was 6.2%, however based on combination indices, the prevalence of severe malnutrition was 25.5%. The severe and moderate malnutrition (z-score <-2 SD, WH0-2005 based on single anthropometry indices was 19.0%, stunting was 37.0%, and wasting was 14.4%, whereas based on combination indeces the prevalence of severe malnutrition and mild malnutrition was 50.1%. The risk of upper respiratory infection, diarrhea, and measles was higher (odd ratio: 1.1- 1.4 on children with combination indices than single anthropometry indices. Conclusions: Composite anthropometry analyses could explain under five children that severely and totally malnourished. Based on combination indices one out of four under five children was severely malnourished and one out of two children was malnutrition. The morbidity was higher on children with composite indices than single anthropometry indices.   Keywords: composite indices, anthropometry, severe-malnourished prevalence

  9. Analisis Kondisi Kerja Operator Pembuatan Kuali Untuk Merancang Fasilitas Kerja Berdasarkan Pendekatan Ergonomi

    OpenAIRE

    Benny, Sepri

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan di UD Satria yang beralamatkan di Brigjen Katamso Gg Satria No. 20, Medan UD Satria merupakan industri kecil yang bernaung dalam usaha pandai besi dengan menghasilkan produk kuali. Penelitian ini berfokus pada pembuatan kuali yaitu di stasiun pemukulan halus kuali. Pada proses pemukulan halus masih dilakukan secara manual oleh seorang operator. Operator sering mengalami keluhan sakit pada beberapa bagian tubuh. Hal ini disebabkan karena fasilitas kerja tidak ergonomis...

  10. METODOLOGI APLIKASI AZIMUTH PROPELLER PADA KAPAL KMP.SULTAN MURHUM BERDASARKAN KEMAMPUAN MANUVER KAPAL

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    Aulia Windyandari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sistem propulsi atau penggerak merupakan sistem yang sangat berperan dalam kemampuan gerak suatu kapal. Pada kasus tertentu seperti pada kapal-kapal pemecah es (icebreakers dan scientific ships, dibutuhkan alat penggerak yang mampu memberikan performance yang lebih, sehingga diperkenalkanlah sistem-sistem penggerak kapal jenis pod (azimuth podded propulsor yang juga merupakan propulsi jenis elektrik. Kondisi sarat kapal juga berpengaruh terhadap maneuvering kapal, dari data hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa pada dengan kondisi sarat yang lain menghasilkan manuver kapal berbeda. Strategi pengendalian maneuver merupakan hal yang sangat penting dalam sistem navigasi kapal untuk pencapaian target yang telah ditentukan menurut standar IMO. Simulasi perhitungan dan gerak kapal menggunakan Matlab dilakukan untuk mengetahui analisa kemampuan maneuver kapal yang diteliti. Artikel ini difokuskan pada metodologi kemampuan manuver kapal dengan menggunakan Azimuth Podded Propeller yang diaplikasikan pada kapal KMP. Sultan Murhum, khususnya akibat yang ditimbulkannya

  11. IDENTIFIKASI FATOR-FAKTOR RISIKO STRESS DAN VARIABLE SOSIODEMOGRAFI BERDASARKAN SURKESDA NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM 2006

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    Sri Idaiani

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD is a region which has faced protracted conflict following by tsunami disarter on December, 26 2004. Surkesda NAD 2006, as post tsunami health survey, was conducted in the middle of 2006 which included Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ to assess mental health problem in NAD province. The identification of stress factors and socio demographic variables in NAD is a further analysis based on SRQ from Surkesda NAD 2006. The analysis covered 1210 people aged 15 years and over spread out in 21 distiricts/cities in NAD. The overall prevalence of neurosis in NAD in 2006 was 22,6% with prevalences by districts/cities ranged from 5% to 59%. Two districts with prevalence above 50% were Aceh Singkil and Gayo Lues, while districts/cities with prevalence below 10% belonged to Sabang and Aceh Jaya. Symptoms that most people reported were headache (51,2%, fatique easy (37%, sleep difficulty (26%, abdominal discomfort (25.6% and loss of appetite (21,1%. Female had risk more than one and a half to neurosis (OR=1.598; 95% CI: 1,121- 1,772. Aged ≥ 55 year had risk almost two times to neurosis (OR=1,923; 95% CI: 1,592-2,323. Divorce status had risk 1.7 times (OR=1,73; 95% CI: 1.082-2.767. Living in rural had risk 1.4 times (OR=1,409; 95% CI: 1,155-1,858. Married with low socioeconomic status had risk 1.7 times (OR=1,790; 95% CI: 1,263-2,539. The study suggests that the most important region to get more attention are Aceh Singkil and Gayo Lues districts. The study also recommend of the need of mental health intervention for old group, community mental health that focus on non psychosis mental disorder identification to prevent serious mental disorder, and availability of some medicines to overcome chronic stress symptoms. Keywords: tsunami, mental health, SRQ

  12. Tinjauan Atas Penyajian Laporan Keuangan Pemerintahan Kabupaten Asahan Berdasarkan PP No.24 Tahun 2005.

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    Manurung, Dina Erika

    2011-01-01

    The goal of paper is to analyze suitability of financial report preparation of District Asahan Government with the law applies transparancy, accountability and participated in management of the local financial. The analyze method used is descriptive, that is to collect, arrange, interprete and analyze the data for giving description and clear answer and accurate from formulation of problem, and then to draw conclusion and suggestions considered to be important. The writer takes data such as f...

  13. VARIASI GENETIK SOROH BRAHMANA BUDHA DI BALI BERDASARKAN PENANDA DNA MIKROSATELIT KROMOSOM-Y

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    Ida Ayu Manik Damayanti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Perbedaan sifat-sifat indukatau orang tua dalam ilmu genetika akan diturunkan secara turun-temurun kepada keturunannya sehingga terdapat variasi genetik antar individu. Variasi genetik dapat dilihat dari ragam alel pada masing-masing lokus mikrosatelit kromosom Y (Y-spesifik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui variasi genetik soroh Brahmana Budha di Bali. Pada penelitian ini digunakan empat lokus DNA mikrosatelit kromosom Y yaitu DYS19, DYS390, DYS393 dan DYS395. Amplifikasi DNA dilakukan dengan menggunakan reagen PCR master mix i-Taq dengan mesin PCR dan amplikon dielektroforesis pada gel poliakrilamid 6% serta pewarnaan dengan perak nitrat. Hasil penelitian ini mendapatkan bahwa tidak semua Kabupaten di Bali terdapat Griya pendeta Budha. Ditemukan sembilan ragam alel yaitu masing-masing dua pada lokus DYS19 (200 dan 204 pb, DYS390 (203 dan 207 pb, dan DYS393 (125 dan 137 pb dan lokus DYS395 ditemukan tiga ragam alel (123,127 131 pb. Padapenelitian ini ditemukan tiga haplotipe yaitu haplotipe A,Bdan C. Haplotipe A memiliki frekuensi paling tinggi (0,85 yang tersebar di lima daerah, haplotipe B ditemukan di daerah Karangasem sedangkan haplotipe C hanya ditemukan di Kabupaten Tabanan. Kombinasi alel pada haplotipe C yang sangat berbeda dengan haplotipe A dan B, menunjukkan bahwa individu dengan haplotipe C bukan keturunan soroh Brahmana Budha. Nilai keragaman rata-rata atau heterozigositas pada soroh Brahmana Budha di Bali rendah yaitu 0,15 ± 0,07. 

  14. Analisis Keanekaragaman Genetik dan Diferensiasi Jati Jawa dan Madura berdasarkan Marka Mikrosatelit untuk Mendukung Fingerprinting Jati

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    Munisyatul Millah

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Analysis fingerprinting teak is supported by information about teak’s character molecularly. The information is gotten by analyzing 3 primary microsatellite in 46 teak samples that produce total 18 kinds of alel averagely 6 alel per locus. Genetics variety level is shown by Observed Heterozigosity (Ho, Expected Heterozygosity (He, Polimorfi sm Information Content (PIC and Genetics Differentiation Coeffi cient successively 0.5122; 0.6221; 0.5818; and 0.0629. Kinship connection through dendogram analysis produces coeffi cient resemblance 0.3-1.00 that form 2 groups. However it has not shown inclination of forming group based on origin grows yet. Genetics differentiation analysis indicates different genetics in a population is higher then it is between populations. Analysis result has not found specifi c alel yet but has found 12 specifi c genotipe that is potential for analyzing fi ngerprinting if it relates to important useful genes. Keywords: microsatellite teak, DNA fi ngerprinting

  15. PEMODELAN SPASIAL BAHAYA BANJIR ROB BERDASARKAN SKENARIO PERUBAHAN IKLIM DAN DAMPAKNYA DI PESISIR PEKALONGAN

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    Muh Aris Marfai

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractTidal flood is predicted to be more severe in the future because of sea level rise due toglobal warming. Purposes of the study are: 1 identify spatial distribution of tidal floodhazard in Pekalongan coastal area; 2 identify environmental impacts of tidal flood inPekalongan coastal area; and 3 formulate coastal management based on spatialdistribution analysis and tidal flood impacts in Pekalongan. Flood analysis in coastalarea was conducted by flood hazard mapping using GIS (Geographic Information System.Flood hazard mapping was developed by integrating GIS operation with DEM (DigitalElevation Model, level of inundation and iteration process. Tidal flood inundation scenariowas generated based on highest tides and sea level rise scenario by IPCC 2007, level ofinundation reached up to 135 mm. Results of this study showed that settlement and irrigatedpaddy fields are the widest inundated area by tidal flood. Tidal flood provides seriousenvironmental impacts such as infrastructure damage, agriculture and aquaculture landdamage, and soil and water pollution. Infrastructure damages include road, settlementsand sanitation.

  16. Perencanaan Perbaikan Mutu Produk Jadi Berdasarkan Metode Kaizen Di PT. Growth Pakanindo Spesial

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Khadijah Parinduri

    2009-01-01

    Industri manufaktur merupakan sistem yang disusun dan didukung oleh setiap subsistemnya. Salalah satunya adalah kualitas produk yang sangat mempengaruhi kedudukan perusahaan dalam persaingan industri. PT. Growth Pakanindo Spesial adalah perusahaan yang bergerak dalam industri manufaktur yang memproduksi pakan ternak ayam dan ikan. Permasalahan yang sering timbul di lantai produksi, terutama di bagian pengepakan yaitu, tingginya frekuensi pengembalian produk jadi ke bin penampungan ...

  17. Akumulasi Logam Berat (Cu Dan Pb) Pada Rhizophora Stylosa Berdasarkan Tingkat Pancang Dan Pohon

    OpenAIRE

    Siburian, Fitri

    2015-01-01

    Industrial activities, community and sea transport cause waste containing heavy metals that cause pollution to the mangrove ecosystem and degrade water quality.The purposes of this research were to analyzed the content of heavy metals Cu and Pb on roots, leaves, the bark of R. stylosa and to knew the ability of R. stylosa on accumulate heavy metals. The sample was located in Nelayan Village sub-district Medan Labuhan. Analysis of heavy metals Cu and Pb was carried out in a Laboratory Resear...

  18. STRUKTUR KONSEP MAHASISWA CALON GURU TENTANG MEDAN ELEKTROSTATIK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS FRAMING

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    S. E. Nugroho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi struktur konsep mahasiswa calon guru tentang medan elektrostatik. Data diperolehdengan menggunakan metode thinks-aloud, didukung metode lain yaitu wawancara, diskusi, dan tes tertulis Responden penelitianterdiri atas delapan mahasiswa semester 2 yang telah menempuh fisika dasar sebagai kelompok I, dan sembilan mahasiswasemester 6 yang telah menempuh mata kuliah kelistrikan dan kemagnetan sebagai kelompok II. Mahasiswa tersebut diberipertanyaan real-worlds yang menyangkut konsep dasar medan dan memerlukan jawaban secara spontan. Hasil studi inimenunjukan bahwa (1 struktur konsep mahasiswa mengenai medan elektrostatik pada umumnya mengalami fragmentasi; (2mahasiswa mengalami kerancuan dalam memahami konsep medan elektrostatik; (3 Pada umumnya, mahasiswa masihberlandaskan konsep gaya dalam memahami tentang medan. The purpose of this research is to explore the concept structure of electrostatics field of teacher candidate student. In thisexperiment, we used thinks-aloud method and varied by others (interview, discussion and written-test. Respondent consisted ofeight students of second semester passing Basic Physics subject as the first group and nine students of sixth semester passingelectricity and magnetism subject as the second group. On these students the real world questions related to concept of field andneeded spontaneous answer are asked. The study result shows that (1 in general the concept structure of electrostatics field ofstudents undergoes fragmenting process; (2 the students experience contamination in understanding the electrostatics fieldconcept, and (3 in general the students are still based on the force concept in understanding the field.Keywords: framing analysis, teacher candidate student, concept structure

  19. Studi Keanekaragaman Mangrove Berdasarkan Tingkat Salinitas Air Laut di Desa Selotong Kecamatan Sicanggang Kabupaten Langkat.

    OpenAIRE

    Gultom, Sujadi

    2011-01-01

    Mangrove merupakan karakteristik dari bentuk tanaman pantai, estuari atau muara sungai, dan delta di tempat yang terlindung di daerah tropis dan sub tropis. Dengan demikian maka mangrove merupakan ekosistem yang terdapat di antara daratan dan lautan dan pada kondisi yang sesuai mangrove akan membentuk hutan yang ekstensif dan produktif. Karena hidupnya di dekat pantai, mangrove sering juga dinamakan hutan pasang surut, hutan payau, atau hutan bakau. Istilah bakau itu sendiri dalam bahasa Indo...

  20. Valuasi Ekonomi Hutan Sebagai Pencegah Banjir Berdasarkan Metode Kontingensi Dan Biaya Pengendalian Banjir Di DAS Deli

    OpenAIRE

    Butarbutar, Lamria

    2010-01-01

    This Research aimed to calculate the economic value of forest as a flood prevention contingency based on the methods and flood controller costs and to determine the factors that influence the level of willingness to pay benefits forest as flood prevention forest in the Deli Catchment Area. Analytical in use contingency methods and flood controller costs as the economic value of forest, descriptive analysis of questionare, correlation analysis regression analysis to determine the factors that...

  1. Peran Orang Tua Tunggal Dalam Membimbing Anak Remaja Mencapai Kualitas Hidup Di Gereja Kibaid Klasis Makassar

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    Yuliana Banni

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan pokok masalah di atas, maka yang menjadi tujuan penulis sebagaisasaran dalam penulisan karya ilmiah ini, yaitu:Pertama, agar setiap orang tua tunggalmemahami peranan mereka dalam membimbing anak remaja.Kedua, agar anak-anakremaja dari orang tua tunggal termotivasi untuk mencapai kualitas hidup.Dalam karya ilmiah ini, penulis menggunakan metode penelitian sebagaiberikut:Pertama, metode kepustakaan yaitu penulis mencari dan mengumpulkaninformasi melalui buku-buku yang berkaitan dengan karya ilmiah ini. Menurut asalkatanya kepustakaan berasal dari kata dasar “pustaka”, yang berarti (1 buku-bukukesusastraan; (2 daftar kitab yang dipakai sebagai sumber acuan untuk mengarang, dansebagainya; atau (3 semua buku atau karangan dan tulisan mengenai suatu bidang ilmu,topik, gejala atau kejadian.1 Kedua, penulis menggunakan wawancara kepada orangorangyang dapat melengkapi data yang diperlukan dalam karya ilmiah ini. Wawancaraialah (1 tanya jawab dengan seseorang (pejabat dsb yang diperlukan untuk dimintaiketerangan atau pendapatnya mengenai suatu hal, untuk dimuat dalam surat kabar,disiarkan melalui radio, atau ditayangkan pada layar televisi atau untuk kepentinganpenulisan karya ilmiah; (2 tanya jawab direksi (kepala personalia, kepala humasperusahaan dengan pelamar pekerjaan; (3 tanya jawab peneliti dengan narasumber.2Berdasarkan pembahasan penulis di atas, maka dapat dibuat kesimpulan sebagaiberikut: orang tua tunggal atau single parent Persekutuan Kaum Wanita KIBAID KlasisMakassar adalah mereka yang menyadari sepenuhnya tugas mereka sebagai orang tuayang berperan sebagai ayah dan juga ibu yang mengatur segala sesuatunya di rumah danbertanggung jawab sepenuhnya kepada anak-anak mereka. Orang Tua tunggal atausingle parent Persekutuan Kaum Wanita KIBAID Klasis Makassar sudah sangat baikdalam menjalankan fungsinya sebagai orang tua tunggal bagi anak-anaknya. Sehinggaanak-anak bertumbuh dengan baik dalam mencapai kualitas hidup mereka

  2. EFIKASI DAN KEAMANAN DIHIDROARTEMISININ-PIPERAKUIN PADA PENDERITA PLASMODIUM VIVAX DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

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    Armedy Ronny Hasugian

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan bagian dari penelitian “Monitoring drug resistance in subject with P.falciparum and  P.vivax malaria in Kalimantan and Sulawesi, Indonesia” yang bertujuan untuk menilai efikasi dan keamanan Dihydroartemisinin – Piperaquine (DHP pada penderita malaria vivaks di Kalimantan dan Sulawesi. Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan prospektif evaluasi terhadap 87 subyek penderita P. vivax. Efikasi dan keamanan DHP dinilai berdasarkan kriteria WHO. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa efikasi DHP secara Intention To Treat (ITT pada Hari 28 (H28 setelah pengobatan DHP adalah 94,3% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5 dan H42 adalah 92% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5. Efikasi DHP secara Per Protokol (PP pada H28 adalah 100% dan H42 adalah 97,6% (95%CI:91,5 – 99,3. Bebas parasit 100% terjadi pada H2. Bebas gametosit 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas demam 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas gejala klinis tidak pernah mencapai 100% pasca pengobatan DHP. Kejadian sampingan yang ditemukan adalah berkeringat, tidak nafsu makan dan diare,  tetapi ringan dan dapat ditolerir.  Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan efikasi dan keamanan DHP sesuai dengan kriteria WHO dan dapat direkomendasikan untuk penggunaan secara luas.   Kata Kunci: Malaria, Efikasi, dihidroartemisinin, piperaquine, Kalimantan, Sulawesi 

  3. Analisis Survival Dengan Model Regresi Cox Study Kasus: Pasien Demam Berdarah Dengue di Rumah Sakit Haji Surabaya

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    Ni Putu Lisa Ernawatiningsih

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Demam berdarah dengue (DBD merupakan suatu wabah penyakit musiman yang jika tidak mendapatkan penanganan yang tepat akan bisa menjadi sebuah kejadian luar biasa, karena penyebarannya sangat cepat dan dapat menyebabkan kematian. Untuk mengurangi angka kematian akibat demam berdarah dengue, maka penelitian ini akan memodelkan waktu survival dengan studi kasus pada pasien demam berdarah dengue yang dirawat di Rumah Sakit Haji Surabaya pada tahun 2011. Metode yang digunakan adalah Analisis Survival dengan model regresi cox. Adapun hasil analisisnya berdasarkan nilai AIC masing-masing faktor, diperoleh faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap laju kesembuhan pasien adalah usia dan jumlah trombosit. Dari 66 pasien yang dirawat 50% pasien berusia 0-14 tahun sisanya diatas 14 tahun, dan 70% pasien yang jumlah trombosit di bawah normal sisanya normal. Dari nilai odds ratio untuk usia dan jumlah trombosit disimpulkan pasien yang berusia lebih tua akan lebih lama kesembuhannya dari pada pasien yang berusia lebih muda dan ketika jumlah trombosit di bawah normal akan mencapai sembuh lebih lama daripada pasien dengan jumlah trombosit normal.

  4. Hubungan Kondisi Lingkungan Perumahan Dengan Kejadian Diare Di Desa Sialang Buah Kecamatan Teluk Mengkudu Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai Tahun 2012

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    OCTORINA S, FIESTA

    2016-01-01

    Diarrhea is a public health problem in developing countries such as Indonesia. Based on data from Department of Health Serdang Bedagai District, in 2011, diarrhea was ranked second after ISPA. In Sialang Buah Public Health Center recorded the highest incidence of diarrhea was occured range of age 1 month-1 year around 154 cases and 1 year-4 year around 140 cases. This study aims to determine the relationship conditions of residential environment with the incidence of diarrhea in the Sialan...

  5. Pengaruh Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Antenatal Care (ANC) terhadap Kejadian Anemia pada Kehamilan Usia Remaja di Kecamatan Hinai Kabupaten Langkat tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Sitepu, Eva Sari Dewi

    2012-01-01

    Pregnancy in teenagers has an adequately high medical risk because during that time the reproductive organs are not yet mature enough for reproduction. One of the risks may occur during the teenagers pregnancy is anaemia. Many factors predicted to have influenced the incident of anaemia in teenagers and one of them is the low or inappropriate utilization of antenatal care service. The purpose of this observational study with cross-sectional design conducted in Hinai Subdistrict, Langkat Di...

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN MALARIA DI KECAMATAN KAMPAR KIRI TENGAH, KABUPATEN KAMPAR, 2005/2006

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    Ririn Arminsih Wulandari

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Factors related to malaria prevalence in Kampar Kiri Tengah Sub District, Kampar District, Riau Province in 2005 – 2006. Kampar Kiri Tengah Sub-District has the highest number of malaria patients (AMI: 79,19 out of 18 sub-district in Kampar district. Malaria is caused by Plasmodium and transmitted out by anopheles sp mosquitoes. Until now, malaria is a major health problem in Indonesia and is one of the top ten high fatality diseases in Indonesia, and detrimental to socio-economic field. This study utilizes a case control research design and the objective was to find out the factors related to the occurrence of malaria disease in Kampar Kiri Tengah Sub-District, Kampar District. The case group consists of patients who visited health centre and showed clinical symptoms of malaria and whose blood examination result was positive. The control group consisted of patients who do not have clinical symptoms of malaria and the blood examination is negative. The number of case group and control group is 69 patients, respectively. Factors studied are mosquito breeding sites, living next to large cattle barns, the use of bed net, anti-mosquito chemical, wire netting, and repellent. The result of the study suggested that there are five variables related to occurrence of malaria, namely mosquito breeding sites with p value = 0,006 (OR 2,8 ; 95% CI 1,381-5,512, living next to large cattle with p value = 0,001 (OR 3,2 ; 95% CI 1,650-6,693, the use of bed net with p value = 0,017 (OR 2,4 ; 95% CI 1,226 – 4,845, the use of anti-mosquito chemicals with p value = 0,026 (OR 2,3; 95% CI 1,158 – 4,564 and the use of wire netting with p value = 0,027 (OR 2,3 ; 95% CI 1,153 – 4,513. Multivariate analysis showed that most dominant factors is living next to large cattle, followed by mosquito breeding sites and the use of anti-mosquito chemical.

  7. Lingkungan dalam rumah, mobilitas dan riwayat kontak sebagai determinan kejadian demam berdarah dengue di Denpasar tahun 2012

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    Kenyem Subagia

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Bali Province is endemic for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF. Denpasar is reported to have the highest cases withincidence rates of 143.2 per 100.000 persons in 2011. Vaccine has not been available until recently and efforts to control theendemic are only achieved modest result. This case control study was aimed to identify risk factors for high incidence rate ofDHF in Denpasar. Total cases were 80 and controls were 160 persons. The variables explored were characteristics of therespondents, indoor and outdoor environtment, respondent mobility, history of contact with the DHF patients and larvaepresence in public places with a maximum radius of 100 m from respondent’s residence. The data were collected fromdocuments, interviews and observations. The instruments used were questionnaires and check lists. Data analysis was carriedout using univariate, bivariate (chi-square and multivariate (logistic regression analysis. Bivariate analysis showed severalfactors which increase the risk of dengue incidence in Denpasar: age OR=1.88 [95%CI 1.09-3.23], indoor condition OR=8.27[95%CI 2.63-26.07], mobility OR=2.78 [95%CI 1.57-4.92] and contact history OR=2.85 [95%CI 1.62-5.03]. After multivariateanalysis, the variables that contributed to increase the risk of DHF incidence in Denpasar were age OR=1.09 [95%CI 1.06-1.11],indoor environment condition OR=10.74 [95%CI 2.94-39.32], respondent mobility OR=3.12 [95%CI 1.55-6.28] and history ofcontact OR=2.4 [95%CI 1.21-4.79]. Health promotion need to be improved to prevent DHF by increasing indoor environmentalquality including intervention to refregerator drainage and residual water tapping at dispenser

  8. FAKTOR SOSIODEMOGRAFI DAN LINGKUNGAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KELURAHAN CINERE, KECAMATAN LIMO, KOTA DEPOK 2006

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    I Made Djaja; Dewi Susanna; Fatmi Yumantini Oktikasari

    2008-01-01

    The impact of sosiodemographic and environmental factor on chikungunya outbreaks at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City in 2006. On october 2005, in Depok occured chikungunya outbreaks that attack 200 citizen at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City. This study purpose is to know the impact of sosidemographic and enviromental factor on chikungunya outbreaks at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City. Research design is case control study. The number of case group and control group is 118 pa...

  9. Kejadian Hujan Asam di Kabupaten Bogor dan Retensi Timbal pada Domba Lokal yang Diberi Ransum Berkadar Timbal Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    D. Diapari; H.M.H. Bintoro; J. Jachja; K. A. Notodiputro; M. S. Saeni

    2008-01-01

    The objectives of this research were: 1) to find out whether acid rain has taken place in Bogor Regency area and its effect on the lead (Pb) content in soil and roughage in the region, 2) to predict the correlation of Pb content in rain water and soil, and the content of Pb in roughage in the Bogor regency area, 3) to study the impact of acid and Pb content in the ration to sheep daily gain and measure Pb content in liver, kidney and meat. The results showed that in Bogor regency area the aci...

  10. Pengaruh Faktor Lingkungan Fisik dan Kebiasaan Keluarga terhadap Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) di Kecamatan Binjai Timur Kota Binjai

    OpenAIRE

    Purba, Dahlia

    2012-01-01

    Dengue hemorrhage fever (DHF) caused by dengue virus is a disease which still becomes the public health problem in Indonesia. Sumatera Utara Province ranked third for DHF case in Indonesia. Dengue haemorrhagic fever morbidity in Binjai Timur Subdistrict until 2011 is still above the national target of ≤ 55/100 000 population. The purpose of this study with case control design was to analyze the influence of the factor of physical environment and family habit on the incident of ...

  11. Hubungan Usia Menarche, Lama Menstruasi, dan Riwayat Keluarga dengan Kejadian Dismenore pada Siswi SMK Negeri 8 Medan Tahun 2015

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    Nasution, Fadhilah Ulima

    2016-01-01

    Dysmenorrhea is a pain felt during menstruation, usually with cramp and concentrated in the lower abdomen. It was reported as the most common gynecological disorder found in woman of productive age, especially in adolescent. In Indonesia, dysmenorrhea prevalence insidence reach 65%, therefore there is a need to look at the factors associated with the incidence of dysmenorrhoea. This study aims to determine the Relationship between Menarche Age, Menstrual Period, and Family History with Dys...

  12. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gambok Kabupaten Sijunjung Provinsi Sumatera Barat Tahun 2013

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    Glantika, Olyvia

    2015-01-01

    Filariasis disease is an infectious disease caused by a filarial worm infections, is transmitted by mosquito vectors intermediary Mansonia, Anopheles, Culex. Filariasis can lead to social stigma. Species of filaria worm that infect the human being is wucherexia bancrofii. Filariasis endemicity level in Indonesia in 1999 was still high by microfilaria (MF) rate of 3.1%. Sijunjung is endemic filariasis in 2010 up to 2012 there was an increase of cases of filariasis. With the case in 2010 there ...

  13. GAYA HIDUP DAN KEJADIAN SINDROM METABOLIK PADA KARYAWAN LAKI-LAKI BERSTATUS GIZI OBES DI PT. INDOCEMENT CITEUREUP

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    Fitria Nurjanah; Katrin Roosita

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to analyze life style and incidence of metabolic syndrome among obese male employees in PT. Indocement Citeureup. The cross sectional design was applied with purposive sampling by involving 59 obese male employees met the inclusion criteria. There was 49.2% subject has metabolic syndrome whereas the highest prevalence was central obesity (96.6%), followed by hipertriglyceridemia (82.8%), low level of High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (72.4%), fasting blo...

  14. Hubungan Merokok dengan Kejadian Hipertensi pada Laki-Laki Usia 35-65 Tahun di Kota Padang

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    Yashinta Octavian Gita Setyanda; Delmi Sulastri; Yuniar Lestari

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakHipertensi merupakan salah satu penyebab kematian tertinggi pada masyarakat di dunia. Penyakit ini disebut juga the silent killer. Prevalensi hipertensi telah mencapai angka 31,7% dari semua penduduk. Peningkatan ini diakibatkan perubahan gaya hidup yang salah satunya merokok. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kebiasaan merokok termasuk lama merokok, jumlah rokok dan jenis rokok dengan hipertensi. Desain penelitian berupa cross-sectional study. Populasi adalah laki...

  15. Hubungan Diabetes Melitus dengan angka kejadian Stroke Fase Akut di RSUP. H. Adam Malik Medan tahun 2010

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    Batubara, Anggi Saktina Sari

    2012-01-01

    Diabetes is a risk factor for stroke, and high frequency of diabetes in patients with stroke. Stroke is one cause of death and major neurological disability in Indonesia with a comparison between disability and death from stroke patients is four to one. This study aims to look at the relationship of diabetes mellitus with an increased incidence of acute ischemic stroke. This study is analytic with a cross-sectional study with samples taken from medical records of 2010 by 85 ...

  16. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN SISTISERKOSIS PADA PENDUDUK KECAMATAN WAMENA, KABUPATEN JAYAWIJAYA, PROPINSI PAPUA TAHUN 2002

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    Wilfried H. Purba

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Cysticercosis is a disease caused by the larva of Taenia solium, the pig tapeworm, whereas taeniasis solium is caused by the adult worm, which lives in the small human intestines. The prevalence of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Indonesia varies from 1.0% to 42.7% and until now is found predominantly in three provinces i.e. Bali, North Sumatera and Papua. The highest prevalence was found in Papua during the year 1997 (42,7%. This case-control study was designed for finding factors in connection with the existing cysticercosis in Sub-district Wamena, District Jawawijaya. The number of cases consisted of all patients suffering from cysticercosis aged morethan 8 years, found by questionaires during a survey for Taeniasis, Cysticercosis and Neurocysticercosis, conducted by the team from January till February 2002 and the control group consisted of individuals without cysticercosis during the survey. The diagnosis of cysticercosis was determined with ELISA by antibody detection of the parasites in the serum of both groups. Among the total number of variables several factors were found significantly associated with the existence of cysticercosis after calculation as a whole i.e. washing hands (OR 4.9 95%CI:2.55-9.61, profession (OR 2.11 95%CI:1.14-3.91, frequency of bathing (OR 2.59 95%CI:1.31-5.13, source of clean water (OR 2.41 95%CI:1.31-4.44 and sanitation (OR 6.25 95%CI:3.14-12.44. Community health education is recommended on topics such as the habit of washing hands, bathing with clean water and using standard toilets. It is suggested that the local government provides clean water facilities and general sanitation facilities.

  17. Angka Kejadian Mukositis Oral pada Anak Menderita Leukemia Limfoblastik Akut yang Menjalani Kemoterapi di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Azmi, Rommanah binti

    2015-01-01

    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) accounts for 70-80% of childhood leukemias. One of the main treatments for ALL is chemotherapy. One of the most common side effects of chemotherapy is oral mucositis. Oral mucositis is an inflammation of the oral mucosa which leads to erythematous and ulcerative lesions. This study describes the incidence of oral mucositis in children with ALL undergoing chemotherapy in Haji Adam Malik Hospital during 2008-2012. This is a descriptive study with cross- sec...

  18. Hubungan Hygiene Sanitasi, Kepadatan Lalat Dan Pengelolaan Limbah Padat Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Rumah Susun Sukaramai Tahun 2014

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    Br Tarigan, Siti Rahmah

    2014-01-01

    Diarrhea caused sickness and death in development country. Diarrhea is one of public heath problem Indonesia because diarrhea diseases included in the 10 diseases chich often caused high morbidity and mortality rates. This study aimed to describe the hygiene sanitation (water supply and sewerage), the density of flies and solid waste treatment with the incidence of diarrhea in sukaramai flats. Correlation beetwen the hygiene sanitation (water supply and sewerage), the density of flies and ...

  19. Gambaran Hygiene Sanitasi, Kepadatan Lalat, Pengolahan Limbah Padat Dan Kejadian Diare Pada Rumah Susun Sukaramai Tahun 2014

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    Tarigan, Siti Rahmah Br

    2014-01-01

    Diarrhea caused sickness and death in development country. Diarrhea is one of public heath problem Indonesia because diarrhea diseases included in the 10 diseases chich often caused high morbidity and mortality rates. This study aimed to describe the hygiene sanitation (water supply and sewerage), the density of flies and solid waste treatment with the incidence of diarrhea in sukaramai flats. Correlation beetwen the hygiene sanitation (water supply and sewerage), the density of flies and ...

  20. Kejadian Dermatosis yang Tinggi pada Anjing Jalanan di Bali (A HAIGH DERMATOSIS INCIDENCE AMONG STRAY DOGS IN BALI

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    I Kadek Saka Wiryana

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to investigate the incidence of dermatosis among stray dogs in Bali. A totalof 401 stray dogs collected in the animal shelter of Bali Animal Welfare Association during 2011 wasinvestigated in this study. Dogs were examined by the clinical sign and continued by skin scraping, cytologyand wood lamp examination. In total, 37,9% sample were positive for dermatosis. Bacterial causeddermatosis found to be the most prevalent (23,6%, followed by tick and fleas (16.5%, scabies (12.7%,malassezia (8.2%, demodek (8% and ringworm (4.5% respectively. We also found that dermatosis weremore prevalent in male dogs (50.9% rather than female dogs (32.9%. Dogs 9-12 weeks old were moreheavily infected (45.8% than other group. In conclusion, the incidence of dermatosis among stray dogs inBali is relatively high. This may need serious awareness as some of this dermatosis were zoonotic tohuman.

  1. Hubungan Antara Nilai Indeks Pertumbuhan Vertikal Wajah dan Kejadian Otitis Media Kronik pada Subras Deutero Melayu Dewasa

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    Henny Widyastuti

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Vertical growth index (VERT describes craniofacial growth. This value affects the eustachian tube growth. Differences in craniofacial morphology correlates with eustachian tube anatomy function and tensor veli palatini muscles that play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic otitis media (COM. This study aimed to determine the effect of vertical growth index (VERT and cephalometry on COM incident. The design was case-control with subjects from the outpatient clinic of otolaryngology head and neck surgery, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital during the period of September to November 2013. Subjects were divided into two groups: COM group and control group. Cephalometric measurements were performed and the mean values difference of both groups were calculated using t test or Mann-Whitney test. The mean index VERT was then calculated for each groups and relationship between risk factors and effects were analyzed using Odds Ratio. Four of 7 subjects in the COM group have a short round face/brachifacial type with greater facial depth angle (t=3.408, p=0.005 with smaller mandibular plane angle are (t = - 4.055, p=0.002. Subjects with VERT index > +0.5 (brachyfacial type have eight times higher risk to be COM (OR: 8; 95% CI: 0.41 to 309.1. In conclusion, the VERT index has an association with COM incident in adult Deutero Malays.

  2. Hubungan Pemakaian Alat Pelurus Rambut (Flat Iron) Dengan Kejadian Rambut Rontok Pada Mahasiswi FK USU Stambuk 2012

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    Putri, Vriancha Admira

    2016-01-01

    Hair straightening is an easy way to change hair shape. But, over treating of hair such as coloring, curling, and straightening of hair can cause hair follicle becomes weak and can cause the damage of hair structure which can increase of hair moult. The aim of our study is to know the relationship between hair straightening by using flat iron and the hair moult. This study was done in Fakultas Kedokteran USU, from 2012 students, and there were 96 respondents taken by using ...

  3. Hubungan Stres dengan Kejadian Akne Vulgaris Di kalangan Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Angkatan 2007-2009

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    Perumal, Nitya

    2011-01-01

    Background: Acne or acne vulgaris has always been well concerned among teenagers and adolescent age. Acne vulgaris is a common disorder of the follicle sebaceous unit that predominantly occurs in adolescence. Acne vulgaris which is suffered by 95 to 100 percent boys and 83 to 85 percent girls. This skin disease is caused by multifactoral of skin disease, which is stress. With the increased studying burden, packed time table and inadequate sleep has caused medical students in University of Nor...

  4. FAKTOR SOSIODEMOGRAFI DAN LINGKUNGAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN LUAR BIASA CHIKUNGUNYA DI KELURAHAN CINERE, KECAMATAN LIMO, KOTA DEPOK 2006

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    I Made Djaja

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The impact of sosiodemographic and environmental factor on chikungunya outbreaks at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City in 2006. On october 2005, in Depok occured chikungunya outbreaks that attack 200 citizen at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City. This study purpose is to know the impact of sosidemographic and enviromental factor on chikungunya outbreaks at Cinere, Limo Sub District, Depok City. Research design is case control study. The number of case group and control group is 118 patient. Factor studied are education, knowlwdge, house density, age, occupation, sex, mobility, anti-mosquito chemical, existance of mosquito-larva, container, and wire netting. The result of the study suggest that there are three variabels that involved in chikungunya outbreaks, namely education (OR=1,9: 1,12-3,23, age (OR= 2,1: 1,22-3,46, and house density (OR=2,2: 1,25-3,80. Multivariat analysis showed that the most dominant factors are house density, and followed by education. Probability of chikungunya outbreaks is 2,1 for low house density and low education

  5. Hubungan Perilaku Menjaga Kebersihan Genitalia dengan Kejadian Keputihan pada Siswi SMA Swasta Santo Thomas 2 Medan Tahun 2014

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    Tambak, Herlina Silvani Purba

    2015-01-01

    Leuchorrea is one of the most common issue encountered by women, both physiological leuchorrea and pathological leuchorrea. Research shows that 75% women worldwide suffer leuchorrea at least once in their life. Health awareness and proper treatment are essential factors in preserving the health of reproduction system. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between behaviour of the genital hygiene with the incidence of leuchorrea in Santo Thomas 2 Senior High School on 2014...

  6. GAMBARAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN ANAK TERHADAP KEJADIAN GIZI KURANG PADA ANAK BALITA DI DESA SUKAWATI GIANYAR TAHUN 2014

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    Parivindaraj Sundaraj

    2015-01-01

    DISTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTHER AND CHILD TOWARDS INCIDENCE OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OLD AT SUKAWATI VILLAGE, GIANYAR 2014 ABSTRACT Background: Malnutrition is one of the leading health problems among Indonesians. The incidence of malnutrition and poor nutrition increases each year, especially in the province UPT Kesmas Sukawati I. Aim: This study aims to identify risk factors involved in the incidence of malnutrition in children under 5 years old in Sukawa...

  7. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Hiperprolaktinemia Pada Penderita Sindroma Ovarium Polikistikdi Klinik Infertilitas Kota Medan

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    Adenin, Ichwanul; TM Ichsan; Lumbanraja, Sarma N; Nasution, Syamsul A.; Dina, Sarah; Yuri A

    2014-01-01

    Objective : To determine the hyperprolactinemia incidence related factors at PCOS patient in infertility clinics in Medan. Time and Location : The study took place in infertility clinics in Medan starting from August until the sample needed was fulfilled Methodology: This study is an observational analytic with cross – sectional design Result : 14 PCOS patients with hyperprolactinemia ( > 25 ng/ml ) ( 41,17 % ) was obtained from the whole 34 PCOS patients. From this study there was n...

  8. Pola Kejadian Hematoma Subdural Pada Bayi Yang dirawat di Ruang Rawat Intensif Anak Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin

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    Enny Harliany Alwi

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH is a common condition in infancy and young children with a poor prognostic. The more studies related SDH with nonaccidental injury. With the aim to identify the characteristics of SDH in infants below 1 year, a retrospective study of infants below 1 year diagnosed as subdural hematoma who were admitted to PICU Hasan Sadikin General Hospital from Januari 2000 to Desember 2003 has been conducted. Infants less than 1 month and SDH developed after neurosurgery intervention were excluded. Fourteen infants met the inclusion criteria's, consisted of 5 (36% girls and 9 (64% boys, most of them were on 1 month of age (57%. Anemia was found on all cases, thrombocyte normal except in 1 case thrombocytopenia (53,000/mm3. PT prolonged in 9 (100% cases and PTT in 5 (56% from 9 cases. Bilirubin total/direct elevated in 4 (80% from 5 cases, SGOT/SGPT elevated in 5 (83% from 6 cases. From 11 cases, 9 (82% cases were IgG anti-CMV positive and 6 (55% cases were IgM anti CMV positive. Conclusions, SDH can be caused by various etiologies, thus a comprehensive examinations to exclude child abuse are needed. The role of CMV infection should be considered as one of SDH etiology.

  9. Kejadian Hujan Asam di Kabupaten Bogor dan Retensi Timbal pada Domba Lokal yang Diberi Ransum Berkadar Timbal Tinggi

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    D. Diapari

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research were: 1 to find out whether acid rain has taken place in Bogor Regency area and its effect on the lead (Pb content in soil and roughage in the region, 2 to predict the correlation of Pb content in rain water and soil, and the content of Pb in roughage in the Bogor regency area, 3 to study the impact of acid and Pb content in the ration to sheep daily gain and measure Pb content in liver, kidney and meat. The results showed that in Bogor regency area the acid rain occurred during the dry season but not in the wet season. The Pb content in the rainwater and soil were not affected by acid rain. There was no correlation of Pb content between soil and roughage. Acid containing ration decreased daily gain, but not for the ration of high Pb-content. Acid containing ration increased Pb content in the kidney but not in the liver and meat. However, high Pb content in the ration increased the Pb content in the liver and kidney but not in the meat.

  10. UPAYA PENURUNAN KEJADIAN KEHILANGAN GELAS BERUKURAN SEDANG MELALUI PENERAPAN METODE QUALITY CONTROL CIRCLE (QCC DI UNIT GIZI, RS ABC, JAKARTA

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    Jonny

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nutrition Department of ABC Hospital provides food and beverage for all inpatients based on nutrition standard from their practioners. Therefore, Nutrition Department needs several types of cutlery for serving them food and beverage as needed. The stock of these types of cutlery should be maintained by nutrionists. During August and September 2011, the stock of middle-sized glasses had been deficit. This condition made the Nutrition Department initiate a QCC group named Sushi to prevent the deficit by strengthening the control over the stock. After this improvement, they had successfully suppressed the deficit from 193 to 77 units or 60.10%. Due to hospital regulation that every lost should be redeemed by nutritionist, this improvement had also enable the department to suppreesed the cost of lost units (quality cost.

  11. Faktor Risiko Penyebab Kejadian Gizi Lebih pada Mahasiswa Akademi Kebidanan Agatha Yayasan Vala Agatha Pematangsiantar Tahun 2013

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    Ambarita, MostroMijoyo

    2015-01-01

    The prevalence of overweight and over-nutrition has rapidly increased throughout the world in the last few decades so that it is considered as the important problem in public health. In Indonesia, the prevalence of over-nutrition is increasing. Based on Indonesia Health Survey data in 2009, the prevalence of over-nutrition in adults in Indonesia has reached to 24.6%, while at Pematangsiantar, over-nutrition has reached to 25.5%. The prevalence of over-nutrition at Midwifery Academy Agatha wa...

  12. PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ANTRAKS DI KECAMATAN KODI KABUPATEN SUMBA BARAT DAYA

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    Ruben Wadu Willa

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Anthrax is a disease Zoonotic diseases caused by Baccilus anthrakcis. In 2007, there Extraordinary incident (KLB anthrax in District Kodi West Sumba, with 18 people the number of cases and 5 fatalities. This study sursey research in areas that have experienced anthrax incident. Population and sample are heads of households and the environment in the region anthrax incident. The data collected is the data environment consisting of soil pH, organic matter content, and air temperature as well as knowledge, attitude and practice of community. Presentation of data was descriptive. The results showed that the environment consisting of soil pH, organic matter content and air temperature has the potential for survival of baccillus antrakcis, respondents' knowledge about anthrax, anthrax prevention and control is still low. Respondents generally have a pretty good attitude in the response to anthrax, but still there is the behavior of respondents who are at risk for contracting anthrax, such as custom cutting   and   eating   meat   of  dead   animals   and   dispose   of  dead livestockForestry.   Key words: Behavioral and local environment anthrax

  13. Hubungan Alat Pelindung Diri Dan Personal Hygienedengan Kejadian Kecacingan Pada Pekerja Pengangkut Sampah Di Wilayah I Kota Medan Tahun 2014

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    Pasaribu, Astri Wahyuni

    2015-01-01

    Poor waste management can have a negative effect on health. One of the diseases that can be infected from waste is worm infection and those who are at risk of worm disease incidence are garbage workers. So we need to know the relationship of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene with worm disease incidence in the garbage workers Region I Medan. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of personal protective equipment and personal hygiene with ...

  14. Lingkungan dalam rumah, mobilitas dan riwayat kontak sebagai determinan kejadian demam berdarah dengue di Denpasar tahun 2012

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    Kenyem Subagia

    2013-01-01

    Bali Province is endemic for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Denpasar is reported to have the highest cases withincidence rates of 143.2 per 100.000 persons in 2011. Vaccine has not been available until recently and efforts to control theendemic are only achieved modest result. This case control study was aimed to identify risk factors for high incidence rate ofDHF in Denpasar. Total cases were 80 and controls were 160 persons. The variables explored were characteristics of therespondents, in...

  15. GAMBARAN KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN ANAK TERHADAP KEJADIAN GIZI KURANG PADA ANAK BALITA DI DESA SUKAWATI GIANYAR TAHUN 2014

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    Parivindaraj Sundaraj

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available DISTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTHER AND CHILD TOWARDS INCIDENCE OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OLD AT SUKAWATI VILLAGE, GIANYAR 2014 ABSTRACT Background: Malnutrition is one of the leading health problems among Indonesians. The incidence of malnutrition and poor nutrition increases each year, especially in the province UPT Kesmas Sukawati I. Aim: This study aims to identify risk factors involved in the incidence of malnutrition in children under 5 years old in Sukawati Village, Gianyar. Method of Study: Study was conducted between November – December 2014 using descriptive cross sectional study method. Subject of study are children under 5 years old in Sukawati Village, Gianyar consisting of 50 samples. Data was obtained through direct anthropometry measurements of children under 5and interview of mothers with toddlers through questionnaire. Data analysis was done descriptively and presented in tables and narrative. Result: Malnutrition according to weight/age in children under 5 years in Sukawati Village is 12%. 96% of children under 5 years with normal birth weight, 62% of children under 5 years without Exclusive breastfeeding, 30% of children under 5 years with poor diet intake, 26% of children below 5 years with low educated mothers, 64% of children below 5 years with working mothers, 48% of children below 5 years with low income families, and 52% of children below 5 years with mothers lacking knowledge in nutrition. Conclusion: Risk factors in children under 5 years with malnourished state are due to absence of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, poor diet intake, low educated mothers, working mothers, and mothers lacking knowledge in nutrition. Keywords: malnutrition, risk factors, children under 5 years, exclusive breastfeeding

  16. PERAN PENGAWAS MENELAN OBAT (PMO PADA KEJADIAN PUTUS BEROBAT PENDERITA TB PARU DI DKI JAKARTA TAHUN 2002

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    Herryanto Herryanto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The treatment observers play an important role in the success of DOTS strategy. They have to ensure the patients taking the regiments completely heal and prevent new infections. During 2001-2002 could be recorded 240 defaulted tuberculosis patients and 226 treatment observers from 10 health centres in DKI Jakarta. Majority of the treatment observers were family members (95.6%. They had a lack of knowledge of tuberculosis, low education (52.3 %, and a lack of  knowledge about their tasks (only 42.4% observed routinely. The patients also had lack of knowledge about the disease and have low level of education. The main reason the patients stopped taking the medicines was that they feel healtier (65.6%. Special attention needs to be given for treatment observers by providing information and education either personally or in groups so they are well informed  about tuberculosis including prevention and treatment. The treatment observers understand their role in helping patiens to be healthy by observing the treatment everyday, and ensuring that the medicines are always available in the right combinations and appropriate duration. Keyword : Tuberculosis, defaulted, treatment observers.

  17. Hubungan ASI Eksklusif terhadapKejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Bayi di Puskesmas Padang Bulan, Medan

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    Sinaga, Suci Soraya

    2015-01-01

    Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infection disease caused by a virus or bacteria and lasts for 14 days that attacks the upper and the lower of respiratory tract. Infants often suffer by ARI because they have incomplete immunity. Exclusive breastfeeding has an important role to support the immune system for the infants that it can provide prevention from various infection diseases. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with ARI in infants. This surve...

  18. Gambaran Penyakit Malaria di Puskesmas Tarusan dan Puskesmas Balai Selasa Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan periode Januari - Maret 2013

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    Tuti Gusra

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMalaria merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh Plasmodium Sp ditularkan oleh nyamuk Anopheles. Penyakit ini masih menjadi masalah utama kesehatan di Indonesia karena menyebabkan kesakitan dan kematian. Provinsi sumatera barat merupakan salah satu provinsi di Indonesia yang angka malarianya tinggi. Kabupaten Pesisir selatan merupakan salah satu daerah di sumatera barat yang angka kejadian malarianya juga tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui distribusi malaria berdasarkan jumlah kasus, karakteristik pasien, dan jenis Plasmodium. Penelitian ini dibuat dalam cross sectional study dilakukan di Puskesmas Tarusan dan Puskesmas Balai Selasa pada bulan Januari s/d Maret tahun 2013. Data didapat dari salinan buku rekam medik laboratorium masing – masing puskesmas. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa, Puskesmas Tarusan dan Balai Selasa ditemukan 18 kasus malaria, terbanyak pada kelompok umur ≥ 15 (83,3%. Berdasarkan jenis kelamin, penduduk perempuan lebih banyak terinfeksi malaria, yaitu 16 orang (88,89%. Berdasarkan jenis Plasmodium yang ditemukan, jenis Plasmodium falcifarum lebih banyak menginfeksi penduduk, yaitu 11 orang (88,89%.Kata kunci: malaria, Plasmodium falcifarum, Plasmodium vivaxAbstractMalaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium sp. which is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. The disease is still being a major health problem in Indonesia because it can cause morbidity and mortality. West Sumatra province is one of the provinces in Indonesia that has high malaria rate. In west sumatera, Pesisir Selatan district has high incidence of malaria. The aims this reseach to determine the distribution of malaria based on its number of cases, patient characteristics, and types of Plasmodium. This research was made in a cross sectional study at the Tarusan Public Health Center and Balai Selasa Public Health Center in January–March, 2013. Data obtained from the medical record copies clinic laboratory. The result shows

  19. POLA PERILAKU PEMBELIAN OLEH FOLLOWERS INSTAGRAM BERDASARKAN CUSTOMER PATH 5A (Studi Deskriptif Kualitatif Pola Perilaku Pembelian oleh Kalangan Mahasiswa di DIY sebagai Followers Akun Instagram Adidas Berdasarkan Customer Path 5A)

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    Pandu Halimawan, Giri

    2015-01-01

    Fenomena perilaku konsumen di Indonesia pada era konektivitas tahun 2014 telah berubah. Setiap individu telah terkoneksi satu dengan yang lain sehingga perilaku pembeliannya berubah dari keputusan pembelian secara individual berubah menjadi keputusan pembelian secara bersama-sama komunitasnya baik teman ataupun keluarganya. Adanya fenomena tersebut membuat Hermawan Kartajaya sebagai seorang pakar pemasaran mencetuskan customer path terbaru yaitu customer path 5A yang terdiri dari Aware, Appea...

  20. Kajian Pelapukan Pedokimia (A-*- B) Berdasarkan Mineral Liat Pada Tanah Inceptisol Sampali Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan Kabupaten Deli Serdang

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    Sibuea, Gatot

    2012-01-01

    Pedokimia weathering process is stated in solum soil by oxidation-reduction, discharging Al from clay crystal become hidroxide through changing kation, removing K from mica, and forming Al vein on 2:1 clay mineral. This observation supposed to study pedokimia weathering in Inceptisol soil at Sampali, Deli Serdang municipality. Method of this observation was soil analysis that consisted of survey and laboratorium analysis on some important compound in pedokimia weathering. This observati...

  1. SISTEM PENETAPAN GUBERNUR KEPALA DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA DALAM SISTEM PEMILIHAN KEPALA DAERAH BERDASARKAN PASAL 18 AYAT (4 UUD 1945

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    Ismu Gunadi Widodo

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Yogyakarta Specialist Region, both historical and juridical have strong legitimacy as special regions. Historically, (1 privilege status of Yogyakarta is a conscious political choice taken by the ruler of Yogyakarta, namely Sultan HB IX and Paku Alam VIII, and not the granting of national political entity; (2 Yogyakarta provide space areas and concrete for the Indonesian population early. Third, Yogyakarta became the savior when Indonesian forces in crisis situations to preserve the Declaration of Independence August 17, 1945. While legally the First, the consistency at the level that recognizes the juridical existence of a region that is special. Second, the consistency of recognition of the status of a regional specialty is not followed by a comprehensive arrangement on the substance of the privilege of an area. Special of DIY also reflected in the mechanism of filling the vacancy Guvernor and the Deputy Governor, with the appointment/establishment of Sri Sultan and Sri Pakualam directly by the President. The constitutional system of decision Hamengkubuwono X and Sri Pakualam, as Governor and Deputy Governor of DIY is not contradictory with the Constitution (unconstitutional for determining the gain legitimacy from the community (community wishes.

  2. Keanekaragaman Mangrove Berdasarkan Tingkat Salinitas Air Laut di Desa Sialang Buah KecamatanTeluk Mengkudu Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai

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    Siregar, Erwin Rizqy Pranata

    2015-01-01

    Mangrove Diversity studies Based on Sea Water salinity Level in Sialang Buah Village, District Teluk Mengkudu, Serdang Bedagai. Purpose of this study was to determine the types of mangrove contained in Sialang Buah Village and measure the diversity of mangrove species based on different levels of salinity. The research was conducted in Sialang Buah Village, District Teluk Mengkudu, Serdang Bedagai from March 2013 to May 2013. The study was conducted by survey method through, analysis of vege...

  3. Hubungan Jenis Kelamin dengan Proses Penyembuhan Abses Periapikal pada Perawatan Pulpa Nekrosis berdasarkan Pengukuran Densitas Arsip Foto Rontgen

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    R. Heni Puspitadewi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to observe the relationship between sex and the healing process of periapical abscess on necrotic pulp treatment, according to density measurement from X-ray photo files. The study particularly targeted the changes of the radiolucent density on maxillary anterior teeth that suffered periapical abscess. Retrospective survey study was done on 90 X-ray photo files of periapical abscess patients using stratified random sampling method which is taken from 15 male and 15 female patients. In each sample, the density value was measured from the diagnostic radiograph, filling radiograph and controlling radiograph, using densitometer. The result showed the average decrease of density was 0,513 in the female group and 0,297 in the patients group. The differeral between female and male groups has significant (p<0.05. Therefore, it could be concluded that there is a significant relationship between sex and periapical abscess healing process on necrotic pulp treatment, according to density measurement of the X-ray photo files.

  4. Pemetaan Daerah Rawan Kebakaran Hutan Di Propinsi Sumatera Utara Berdasarkan Data Satelit TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission)

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    Tarigan, Heron

    2015-01-01

    With a high risk index of forest fires in North Sumatra province of Indonesia, there is a need to create forest fire risk potential map as a means of monitoring and adapting to catastrophic effect of forest fires. Creating this map can be done by calculating the Keetch - Byram Drought Index (KBDI). One of the sources for making a forest fire hazard map is the availability of rain observation data. BMKG (Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics agency) has developed this map, but the lack of ra...

  5. VARIASI GENETIK SUKU BATAK YANG TINGGAL DI KOTA DENPASAR DAN KABUPATEN BADUNG BERDASARKAN TIGA LOKUS MIKROSATELIT DNA AUTOSOM

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    YOSSY CAROLINA UNADI; INNA NARAYANI; I KETUT JUNITHA

    2010-01-01

    Study of genetic variation on three microsatellite DNA loci D2S1338, D13S317 and D16S539 from 76 unrelated individuals of Batak ethnic who live in Denpasar city and Badung regency were analyzed by using PCR method (SuperMix Kit, Invitrogen). DNA samples were extracted from blood cell using phenol-chloroform method and ethanol precipitation. The result of this study found 14 alleles on D2S1338 locus, 10 alleles on D13S317 locus and eight alleles on D16S539 locus. The finding showed high geneti...

  6. VARIASI GENETIK SUKU BATAK YANG TINGGAL DI KOTA DENPASAR DAN KABUPATEN BADUNG BERDASARKAN TIGA LOKUS MIKROSATELIT DNA AUTOSOM

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    YOSSY CAROLINA UNADI

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Study of genetic variation on three microsatellite DNA loci D2S1338, D13S317 and D16S539 from 76 unrelated individuals of Batak ethnic who live in Denpasar city and Badung regency were analyzed by using PCR method (SuperMix Kit, Invitrogen. DNA samples were extracted from blood cell using phenol-chloroform method and ethanol precipitation. The result of this study found 14 alleles on D2S1338 locus, 10 alleles on D13S317 locus and eight alleles on D16S539 locus. The finding showed high genetic diversity on three loci as well as on three sub-ethnic Batak of Batak Toba, Karo and Simalungun which were 0.8637; 0.7314 and 0.7692 respectively.

  7. Interpretasi Mineralisasi Epitermal Berdasarkan Studi Ubahan Hidrotermal dan Tekstur Urat Kuarsa di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Taliwang, Nusa Tenggara Barat

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    Danny Zulkifli Herman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no3.20072Taliwang conservation forest, West Nusa Tenggara, is particularly covered by volcanic rocks consisting of alternated breccia and tuff. The breccia is composed of andesitic – dioritic clasts and matrix of fine-grained to lapilli tuff which had partially been hidrothermally altered and invaded by gold bearing quartz veins. Outcrops of quartz veins are commonly limonitized, trending nearly east-west and north-south with respectively dip of 70o and 85o. Identification of quartz veins originated from people mining’s waste leads to a prediction that there are quartz stockworks beneath the earth surface (50 – 100 m depth in the conservation forest area, from which quartz veins penetrated the illite-paragonite-calcite-siderite- nacrite altered country rock. Textures of quartz veins were identified such as comb with some coarse- grained euhedral crystals, sugary/saccharoidal/fine grained crystalline quartz and ghost-bladed. Veins and host rocks generally contain disseminated and spotted pyrites. Evaluation of quartz textures, altered rocks analysis (PIMA method, fluid inclusion studies and chemical analysis (AAS method of selective altered rocks/quartz vein samples exhibits that the alteration and mineralization processes might occur in an epithermal system, connecting with a change of hydrothermal fluids from near neutral into acid conditions at a temperature ranging from 231 to 185oC. Alteration of illite-paragonite-kalsit-siderite is suggested as a result of reaction between host rock and a near neutral fluid, whilst nacrite (kaolin group or argillic is a result of reaction between host rock and an acid fluid, within a mixing zone of meteoric fluid and condensed acid gas released during boiling process of hydrothermal fluid in the depth. On the basis of salinity ranging from 0.9 to 2.2 equivalent wt.% NaCl of fluid inclusion, it is predicted that the deposition of gold bearing quartz and associated ore minerals takes place in a depth ranging from 293 to 120 m beneath paleosurface.  

  8. Pembuatan Dashboard Berbasis Web Sebagai Sarana Evaluasi Diri Berkala Untuk Persiapan Penilaian Akreditasi Berdasarkan Standar Badan Akreditasi Nasional Perguruan Tinggi

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    Fandi Cahyo Saputro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Akreditasi perguruan tinggi oleh BAN-PT merupakan salah satu parameter dalam menentukan mutu  perguruan tinggi serta program studi di Indonesia. Keadaan saat ini menunjukkan bahwa untuk mencapai nilai akreditasi yang sesuai diinginkan maka perguruan tinggi serta program studi harus menyesuaikan kondisi internal mereka sesuai dengan standar yang telah diberikan oleh BAN-PT. Sebagai pertimbangan untuk mencapai standar yang ditentukan oleh BAN-PT, maka diperlukanlah proses evaluasi diri apakah program studi atau perguruan tinggi tersbut sudah memenuhi standar yang ditetapkan oleh BAN-PT. Dalam melaksanakan proses evaluasi diri, diperlukan sumber data yang digunakan sebagai dasar dalam menilai pada suatu kriteria. Pada kebanyakan program studi, semua data tersebar pada sistem informasi dan dokumen fisik yang berbeda sehingga membutuhkan waktu dan usaha yang lebih untuk mengintegrasikan hingga menilainya. Sehingga diperlukan sebuah sistem yang mampu mengambil dan menampilkan hasil evaluasi secara visual secara otomatis dengan lebih hemat waktu dan usaha. Salah satu bentuk visualisasi yang dapat menggambarkannya adalah dashboard.  Melalui dashboard, pihak internal program studi dapat mengetahui posisi penilaian mereka pada periode tertentu dan mampu memperbaikinya jika kurang dari target yang ditetapkan oleh standar.

  9. Analisis Yuridis Pengelolaan Dana Otonomi Khusus di Provinsi Aceh berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2006 tentang Pemerintahan Aceh

    OpenAIRE

    Angkat, Nur Aulia

    2010-01-01

    Regional government performance of Indonesia is conducted through decentralized power of central government by authorizing the autonomy to regulate and arrange for self-household, either in general, special, or special autonomy. The types of autonomy give certain colour in performance of regional government through special authorities to specific region, not to others, such as special autonomy of Aceh Province based on the law No. 11/2006 regarding the Aceh Government. The special autonomy gi...

  10. STRATEGI PENENTUAN LOKASI DAN KEBUTUHAN LAHAN TPS (TEMPAT PENAMPUNGAN SEMENTARA SAMPAH BERDASARKAN FUNGSI KAWASAN DI KOTA DENPASAR

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    Ismid Achmad

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The percentage of solid waste services Denpasar City in 2013 reached 51,8 percent, the limited number and capacity TPS in Denpasar not meet the needs of waste management services in denpasar. The study was to examine the relevant strategies appropriate to the criteria and requirements related to the determination of the location of TPS and the land need. The position of the study is Part Of The City (BWK Central in Denpasar. Analysis of technical aspects will evaluation garbage production in order to know the ideal needs of TPS, the evaluation of TPS placement based on the function of the area and the land needed. Environmental aspect will analyze the environmental risk due to the presence of a TPS. Analysis of public opinion and the behavior of people will use a questionnaire in the collection of data to be analyzed with qualitative methods as a consideration in determining the location and design of a TPS. Institutional aspect will be evaluated about the understanding DKP (Office of Cleaning and Gardening Services employees of the City of Denpasar in the management of garbage, especially in the TPS. As for determining the direction and strategy of the management of garbage SWOT analysis was used.Based on the analysis, the need for the addition of TPS to improve the capacity of TPS, the shape of TPS had comply standard of SNI and environmental safety factor. Additions and changes in the shape of TPS also effect land requirement, the total area of land that must be reserved for TPS is 0,40 hectares. Determining the location of TPS is based on the need of the type of TPS over the spatial pattern. Analysis of public opinion on the determination of the location of TPS, it is obtained that the distance of a TPS with the source must be relatively close and the land use is a vacant land. It is also suggested optimizing the role of the DKP of Denpasar by increasing socialization and community development programs in waste management.

  11. Inventarisasi Vegetasi Pakan Gajah dan Kelimpahannya Berdasarkan Pengetahuan Lokal Di Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser (Studi Kasus Di Resort Sei Lepan)

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, William

    2011-01-01

    Increasing need for land to be used as residential, agricultural land, plantation or encroachment can lead to changes in the condition of land into the opened area. Shrinkage or disappearance of forest land of wildlife habitat of Sumatran elephants in particular force them into residential areas of society, and trigger the human elephant conflict. Purpose of this study was to obtain data on the type of feed Sumatran elephants based on their knowledge of local communities as well as analyze ab...

  12. PROTOTIPE PENANGANAN BENCANA BIDANG KESEHATAN BERDASARKAN LESSON LEARNED DI PROVINSI NANGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM, KABUPATEN NIAS DAN KABUPATEN ALOR

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    SK Poewarni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A disaster is incident which can be avoided although it is naturally. But if it happenned, there are extra ordinary activities which should be managed as an emergency state. Disasters which happenned in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, Nias and Alor is a lesson teamed process that in health mechanism of emergency response there are things that can be anticipated. Mobilization of sources included health personnels could be done by provinces, districts or municipalities which were nearest to the disaster areas. This mechanism is built with management and operational tasks which is clearly explained, what should be done in the emergency response. This is a case study which data were collected through interviews and secondary data. The respondents were purposively selected. Analysis was to answer the objectives of the study that is to develop a health mechanism prototype in disaster as lesson teamed on Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, Nias and Alor cases. The prototype of health mechanism in disaster was developed on lesson teamed from interviews and secondary data in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam, Nias and Alor. The prototype is developed with consideration on local specific disasters. The document of this prototype should be added with policies, including mapping and identification of local specific disasters. These all would be things that could be completed in preparedness, mitigation and prevention of disaster.   Keywords: Prototype, health mechanism, disaster

  13. Potensi Simpanan Karbon Berdasarkan Struktur Tinggi Tanaman Pola-Pola Agroforestry di Kecamatan Tinggimoncong dan Parigi Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Millang, Syamsuddin

    2010-01-01

    The study is aimed to (1) identify agroforesry pattern inside and outside of forest area based on structure and species composition; (2) know carbon stocks potential of agroforestry pattern base on vertical structure; (3) estimate aboveground carbon stocks of agroforesry patterns. The study was conducted on May to September 2009 in Tinggimoncong and Parigi District, Gowa Regency and Laboratory of Silvikultur, Hasanuddin University. To know tree biomass, measurement of diameter breast height w...

  14. Peranan Bank Indonesia Terhadap Pelaksanaan Good Corporate Governance Bagi Bank Umum Berdasarkan Peraturan Bank Indonesia No. 14 Tahun 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Federico O. Marbun

    2009-01-01

    Sejak peristiwa hantaman krisis multidimensi melanda Indonesia, Keterpurukan luar biasa yang disebabkan peristiwa tersebut telah membuka mata bangsa ini bahwa salah satu faktor paling fundamental yang menyebabkan krisis itu terjadi tidak lain dikarenakan prinsip-prinsip Good Corporate Governance diabaikan.Dunia perbankan nasional tidak terlepas dari kealpaan di dalam menjalankan praktik Good Corporate Governance tersebut. Bank Indonesia (BI) telah bersusah payah untuk menggagas Arsitektur Per...

  15. SEROPREVALENSI LEPTOSPIRA PADA RATTUS NORvEgICUS DAN RATTUS TANEzUmI BERDASARKAN JENIS KELAMIN DAN UMUR

    OpenAIRE

    Arief Mulyono; Ristiyanto Ristiyanto; Farida Dwi H; Dimas Bagus WP; Esti Rahardianingtyas

    2015-01-01

    Rats are the main natural infectious host of leptospirosis to human. Rattus norvegicus (rats) and Rattus tanezumi (house mice) are two types of domestic rats that related with leptospira infection in the world. They are played the main role major leptospirosis transmission to human than others. This study aims to determine seroprevalence of Leptospira of R. norvegicus and R. tanezumi based of the sex and age. The method of study was trapping rats in the Miroto village (Semarang) and Tridonore...

  16. Analisis Hujan Pada Hutan Pinus di Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Tongkoh Kabupaten Karo Berdasarkan Model Keseimbangan Air

    OpenAIRE

    Pardede, Riauli Anggriani

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of rainfall in pine forest in Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Tongkoh Kabupaten Karo based on modeling of water balance, supervised by Sumono and Nazif Ichwan. Modeling of water balance is stacked to predict soil moisture storage. The balance is the appropriate both of the coming rainfall and the going water from pine forest. Modeling of water balance consists of rainfall, throughfall, stemflow, intercepsi, actual evapotranspiration, and run off. The result of research for 16 we...

  17. Tinjauan Penerapan Standar Akuntansi Keuangan Koperasi Berdasarkan PSAK No. 27 pada Koperasi Serba Usaha Beringin Jaya Desa Perdamaian Kabupaten Langkat

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Anita Apriyanti Br.

    2011-01-01

    Financial Statement is essential source of quantitative information for parties related to organization, including cooperative. A standard of financial accounting for cooperative in preparation of financial statement in Indonesia has been determined. The standard is contained in statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 27 regarding the cooperative accounting. The objective of this research would be to know the procedure of Financial Statement preparation in cooperative of Beringin Jaya ...

  18. Tinjauan atas Penerapan Standar Akuntansi Keuangan Koperasi Berdasarkan PSAK No.27 pada Koperasi Kredit (CU) Merdeka Desa Merdeka Kabupaten Karo

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Rika Arni B.r

    2010-01-01

    Financial statement is essential source of quantitative information for parties related to organization, including cooperative. A standard of financial accounting for cooperative in preparation of financial statement in Indonesia has been determined. The standard is contained in statement of Financial Accounting Standard No.27 regarding the cooperative accounting. The objective of this research would be to know the procedure of Financial Statement preparation in Credit Cooperative of Merdeka,...

  19. Analisa Rancangan Pipe Support Pada Sistem Perpipaan High Pressure Vent Berdasarkan Stress Analysis Dengan Pendekatan Caesar II

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    Parada Anugerah Pridyatama

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Perancangan sistem perpipaan yang baik dan aman sangat dibutuhkan untuk menjamin kelangsungan dari proses serta menjamin keamanan. Untuk mengatasi besarnya tegangan yang terjadi akibat pembebanan maka diperlukan analisis. Pada tugas akhir ini akan analisis tegangan Pepipaan High Pressure Vent dengan pendekatan CAESAR II. Pada hasil Stress Hydrotest Load masing masing segmen node tidak ada yang melebihi batasan allowable stress yang diijinkan yaitu 35000 psi. stress yang terjadi pada Hydrotest Load, besar stress yang paling besar pada node 740 yaitu sebesar 13606.2 psi. Pada hasil Stress Sustained load masing masing segmen node tidak ada yang melebihi batasan allowable stress yang diijinkan yaitu 20000 psi, besar stress yang paling besar pada node 740 yaitu sebesar 8106.1 psi. Pada hasil Stress Thermal load masing masing segmen node menggunakan support Resting maupun Guide-Resting tidak ada yang melebihi batasan allowable stress yang diijinkan. Stres yang paling besar terjadi pada jenis support Guide-Resting terjadi pada node 775 yaitu sebesar 11590,8 psi. Untuk hasil nozzle check pada kondisi Thermal load besarnya moment arah longitudinal, moment hoop melebihi batasan allowable yang diijinkan untuk jenis support resting maupun jenis support guide, maka diberikan support untuk mengurangi besarnya moment ,yaitu ditambah support pada 4 support pada pipa yang mendekati nozzle vessel.

  20. TINJAUAN YURIDIS BERDASARKAN KONVENSI PBB TENTANG HUKUM LAUT TAHUN 1982 TERHADAP OVERFISHING DI ZONA EKONOMI EKSKLUSIF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Widyaningrum, Tutut Tarida

    2014-01-01

    Condition of the fisheries in the exclusive economic zone of Indonesia are undergoing overfishing. This is caused by fisheries enterprises which use boats and fishing tools that are less selective, the presence of illegal, unreported, unregulated fishing so that the results of the fish catches in excess of that allowed. Indonesia in all laws and regulations in the field of marine and fisheries, have always tried to keep in line with the United Nations Convention on the law of t...

  1. Integrasi dan Peranan Orang Melayu di Sulawesi Selatan Pada Abad XVI-XVII: Kajian Berdasarkan Naskhah Lontara

    OpenAIRE

    Muhlis Hadrawi, SS., M.Hum.

    2007-01-01

    Eksistensi orang Melayu sebagai salah satu kelompok pendatang yang bermukim di Sulawesi Selatan menduduki peringkat awal dan istimewa daripada kelompok atau etnik pendatang lainnya seperti Jawa, Ambon, Buton, orang asing (Portugis, Hollanda, dan Inggeris). Keberadaan di Sulawesi Selatan yang telah berlaku semenjak abad akhir abad XV memiliki makna penting sebagai teras bermastuatinnya orang Melayu pada kerajaan setempat yang kemudian berseterusan hingga pada abad XIX. Keberadaan orang Melayu...

  2. Hubungan Sudut Interinsial dengan Jaringan Lunak Wajah Berdasarkan Analisis Steiner pada Mahasiswa FKG USU Ras Deutro Melayu

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar, Fajri

    2015-01-01

    Kelainan gigi dan jaringan lunak wajah atau dentofasial merupakan masalah penyakit gigi yang sering terjadi. Analisis sefalometri sering digunakan oleh dokter gigi untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan skeletal, diagnosis sefalometri, perencanaan perawatan, hasil perawatan dan stabilitas hasil perawatan. Analisis Steiner merupakan salah satu analisis yang sering dipakai dalam ilmu kedokteran gigi. Kelompok etnik yang berbeda cenderung memiliki bentuk tengkorak dan rahang yang berbeda. Tujuan Penelitia...

  3. Penerapan Metode Angglomerative Hierarchical Clustering untuk Klasifikasi Kabupaten/Kota di Propinsi Jawa Timur Berdasarkan Kualitas Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana

    OpenAIRE

    Alfi Fadliana; Fachrur Rozi

    2015-01-01

    Agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods is cluster analysis method whose primary purpose is to group objects based on its characteristics, it begins with the individual objects until the objects are fused into a single cluster. Agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods are divided into single linkage, complete linkage, average linkage, and ward. This research compared the four agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods in order to get the best cluster solution in the case of the ...

  4. Penerapan Metode Angglomerative Hierarchical Clustering untuk Klasifikasi Kabupaten/Kota di Propinsi Jawa Timur Berdasarkan Kualitas Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfi Fadliana

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods is cluster analysis method whose primary purpose is to group objects based on its characteristics, it begins with the individual objects until the objects are fused into a single cluster. Agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods are divided into single linkage, complete linkage, average linkage, and ward. This research compared the four agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods in order to get the best cluster solution in the case of the classification of regencies/cities in East Java province based on the quality of “Keluarga Berencana” (KB services. The results of this research showed that based on calculation of cophenetic correlation coefficient, the best cluster solution is produced by average linkage method. This method obtained four clusters with the different characteristics. Cluster 1 has an “extremely bad condition” on the qualification of KB clinics and the competence of KB service personnel. Cluster 2 has a “good condition” on the qualification of KB clinics and “bad condition” on the competence of KB service personnel. Cluster 3 has a “bad condition” on the qualification of KB clinics and “medium condition” on the competence of KB service personnel. Cluster 4 have a “medium condition” on the qualification of KB clinics and a “good condition” on the competence of KB service personnel

  5. IMPLEMENTASI JARINGAN SYARAF TIRUAN RECURRENT DENGAN METODE PEMBELAJARAN GRADIENT DESCENT ADAPTIVE LEARNING RATE UNTUK PENDUGAAN CURAH HUJAN BERDASARKAN PEUBAH ENSO

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    Afan Galih Salman

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The use of technology of technology Artificial Neural Network (ANN in prediction of rainfall can be done using the learning approach. ANN prediction accuracy measured by the coefficient of determination (R2 and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE.This research employ a recurrent optimized heuristic Artificial Neural Network (ANN Recurrent Elman gradient descent adaptive learning rate approach using El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO variable, namely Wind, Southern Oscillation Index (SOI, Sea Surface Temperatur (SST dan Outgoing Long Wave Radiation (OLR to forecast regional monthly rainfall. The patterns of input data affect the performance of Recurrent Elman neural network in estimation process. The first data group that is 75% training data and 25% testing data produce the maximum R2 69.2% at leap 0 while the second data group that is 50% training data & 50% testing data produce the maximum R2 53.6%.at leap 0 Our result on leap 0 is better than leap 1,2 or 3.

  6. Analisis Perubahan Tutupan Vegetasi Berdasarkan Nilai NDVI dan Faktor Biofisik Lahan di Cagar Alam Dolok Sibual-buali

    OpenAIRE

    PUTRA, ARDIANSYAH

    2015-01-01

    The absence of information about the level of change in vegetation index (NDVI) of forest land in the Nature Reserve Dolok Sibual-Buali so unclear that forest development and likely has damage. Forest damage will impact on the decrease of forest functions, especially its function as regulator of water management, flood prevention, erosion and carbon sequestration. This research was conducted in CADS in May-September 2009 using Geographic Information System (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS) and Globa...

  7. Perilaku Keluarga Petani Dalam Penganekaragaman Konsumsi Pangan Berdasarkan Karakteristik keluarga di Kelurahan Baru Ladang Bambu Kecamatan Medan Tuntungan Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Faradilla

    2016-01-01

    Diversification of food consumption is effort to stabilize consumption patterns to fit of Dietary Pattern Expectations. The purpose of this research is to determine behavior of farmers family in diversification of food consumption based on the characteristics of families in Baru Ladang Bambu District, Medan Tuntungan Subdistrict in 2015. This was a descriptive research with cross sectional study design. Population were a whole family of farmers in Baru Ladang Bambu District,...

  8. Prediksi Kebangkrutan Perusahaan Berdasarkan Analisa Model Z-Score Altman Studi Kasus pada PT. Telekomunikasi Selular (Telkomsel)

    OpenAIRE

    Andoko

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine whether the PT. Telkomsel Tbk. predicted to be bankrupt according to Z-score model analysis of the 2010-2012 annual report. Population of this research consists of 7 companies, namely: 6 companies listed on the Stock Exchange add up with PT. Telkomsel Tbk., with 6 companies taken as sample by purposive sampling method Data used in this study is secondary data in the form of financial statements of each sample, which is published in www.telkomsel.com ,...

  9. Prediksi Kebangkrutan Perusahaan Berdasarkan Analisa Model Z-Score Altman Pada Perusahaan Farmasi Yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI)

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Tommy D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to know the Altman Z-Score analysis to predicting the loss rate at pharmaceuticals company written at Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2005-2008. Sampling method that used is purposive sampling and the result are 9 firms as sample in this research. Data that used in this research is secondary data that is financial statements from each company from Indonesia Stock Exchange at Indonesia Capital Market Directory. Independent variable in this research are financi...

  10. Akurasi Derajat Fibrosis Hati Berdasarkan Simpler Score (S Index) Terhadap Fibroscan Pada Pasien Penyakit Hati B Kronik

    OpenAIRE

    Katharine

    2015-01-01

    Background: A great interest has been dedicated to the development of noninvasive predictive models in recent years to substitute liver biopsy for fibrosis assessment and follow-up. Kun Zhou, et al proposed S index, a simpler model consisting of routine laboratory markers for predicting liver fibrosis in patients with chronic B liver disease in order to optimize their clinical management. Objective: To investigate the accuracy and predictive value of S index based on fibroscan for predic...

  11. Rancangan Model Algoritma Pohlig–Hellman Multiple-Key Berdasarkan Algoritma R.S.A. Multiple-Key

    OpenAIRE

    Simarmata, Allwin M.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses Pohlig-Hellman algorithm and the RSA algorithm, which is part of an asymmetric algorithm using the generation of prime numbers as keys. RSA algorithm is better than the Pohlig-Hellman algorithm for use of two prime numbers as keys while the Pohlig-Hellman algorithm uses only one key.The design of Pohlig-Hellman algorithm model of multiple-key can be a solution for the development of Pohlig-Hellman algorithm for adding a key that can enhance the security of informationon the al...

  12. Aktivitas Antiplasmodium Daun Sernai (Wedelia Biflora Berdasarkan Evaluasi Fungsi Ginjal dan Hati pada Mencit yang Diinfeksi dengan Plasmodium berghei

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    Isa .

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the antiplasmodial activity of sernai leaves (Wedelia biflora extractagainst Plasmodium berghei which were infected to mice experimentally using the 4-days suppressive testmethod. The extraction was performed by maceration in three different solvents: ethanol, n-hexane, andethyl acetate. Inoculation of 1x106 P. berghei was performed in 60 Swiss mice intraperitoneally. Theantiplasmodial activity of the ethanol, n-hexana, and ethyl-acetate leaves extract at 4 different doses(100, 80, 60 and 40 mg/kg BW/day, respectively were tested against P. berghei in vivo for 4 consecutivedays. Animals were given the leaves extracted orally. The negative-control animals were given dimethylsulfoxide diluents (DMSO and animals in the positive-control were treated with P.berghei + DMSO.Parasitemia status were observed from day 1-4 by thin blood smear from tail and stained with Giemsa.On day 5, levels of urea, creatinine, SGPT and SGOT were measured. The results showed that extract ofsernai leaves using ethanol, n-hexane, and ethyl acetate had the antiplasmodial capacity on P.berghei inmice with effective doses (ED50 of 5.379 mg/kg BW, 25.306 mg/kg BW, and 27.442 mg/kg BW, respectively.The sernai leaves extract had the capability to maintain the liver function but not the kidney function.

  13. TINGKAT DISABILITAS FISIK BERDASARKAN PENYAKIT DEGENERATIF YANG DIDERITA MENURUT FAKTOR SOSIAL DAN DEMOGRAFI (Kajian Isu Publik dalam Formulasi Kebijakan Kesehatan

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    Wahyu Dwi Astuti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Riskesdas 2007 showed that 18.4% had been death by stroke; 8.3% by Diabetes Mellitus and hipertension;6.7% by heart. Hipertension is main trigger of stroke attacked and it is caused physical disability. Methods: Therefore the research will know a risk of physical disability that assosiation with degeneratif disease and background characteristic. Sample size are 664.196 persons. As dependent variable was physical disability and independent variable were degenaratif disaese (rheumatic, astma, heart, diabetes mellitus, emotional mental, stroke, and hipertension, also as modifier and confounder variable are background characteristic (age, sex, urban/rural, quintil. Data analysis use multiple logistic regression. Results: The result show that heart, emotional mental, rheumatic and astma disease in rural area are more higher than urban area. But diabetes mellitus, hipertension, stroke, and tumor disease in urban are more higher than rural area. Physical disability that caused by degeneratif diseases had deferent risk in urban and rural area. In urban area, a victim of heart disease has risk to get physical disability 1,5 times than not a victim of heart disease (OR=1.518, a victim of diabetes mellitus 2.06 times (OR=2.06,  a victim of rheumatic 2.77 times (OR=2.77, Astma 1.65 times (OR=1,65, emotional mental 2.54 times (OR=2.541. In rural area, a victim of heart disease has risk to get physical disability 1,58 times than not a victim of heart disease (OR=1.584, a victim of diabetes mellitus 1.5 times (OR=1.524, a victim of rheumatic 2,55 times (OR=2.557, Astma 1.21 times (OR=1.217, emotional mental 1.9 times (OR=1.904. The conclusion, physical disability was more higher in rural than urban area. Rheumatic disease has biggest risk to get physical disability than other degeneratif disease. Key words: physical disability - degenartif diseases

  14. ANALISIS TERHADAP PERLUNYA PENYESUAIAN LAPORAN KEUANGAN HISTORIS (CONVENTIONAL ACCOUNTING) MENJADI BERDASARKAN TINGKAT HARGA UMUM (GENERAL PRICE LEVEL ACCOUNTING)

    OpenAIRE

    Pwee Leng

    2002-01-01

    Generally, in conventional accounting, financial statements are based on the historical cost principle that assumes that prices (monetery unit) are stable. Conventional accounting recognizes neither changes in the general price level nor changes in the specific price level. Consequently, if there are any changes in purchasing power such as in inflation period, the historical financial statement are not economically relevant and also income is usually overstated, and the fixed assets are usual...

  15. EFEKTIFITAS HARD DAN SOFT OCCLUSAL SPLINT PADA GANGGUAN SENDI TEMPOROMANDIBULA (Kajian klinis pada seri kasus berdasarkan keluhan nyeri sendi temporomandibula

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    R.A Donna Pratiwi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Occlusal splint is commonly used for treatment of the temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD. It can be made of hard and soft material. Hard occlusal splint (HOS which was known earlier had been recognized more effective than soft occlusal splint (SOS which recently gained some popularity. This clinical study based on case series was to determined which type of occlusal splint was more effective for TMD. This study involved 20 subjects and they were divided into HOS and SOS group with 10 subjects in each group. HOS was processed with heat curing acrylic and SOS with vacuum former. Before and after 4 weeks of treatment, 5 TMD symptoms (impaired range of movement, impaired TMJ function, muscle pain, TMJ pain and pain on movement of mandible were measured using Helkimo diagnostic index. The results were analyzed with Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z's test. The findings showed statistically significant improvement in impaired range of movement and muscle pain in favor of HOS group (p<0.05. Although they were not statistically significant, HOS group showed better improvement than SOS group in TMJ pain and pain on movement of the mandible. In TMJ's function, no changes were found in both groups. IN general, HOS was more effective than SOS for treating TMD in relatively short period of time. Despite of the phenomena, the popularity of SOS was not followed with its effectiveness.

  16. Analisis Model Ketahanan Rumput Gajah Dan Rumput Raja Akibat Cekaman Kekeringan Berdasarkan Respons Anatomi Akar Dan Daun

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Riyanto

    2010-01-01

    The analysis model of the resistance of Elephant and King Grass on drought based on root and leaf anatomy response had been established by using multiple regression analysis method. Stepwise regression procedure has obtained three regression equation.The best regression equation is: Y = -164 + 0.116 Stele diameter + 0.973 thick of leaf.

  17. Usulan Perbaikan Mutu Produk Rubber Smoke Sheet (RSS) Berdasarkan Metode Kaizen Di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara III Kebun Gunung Para

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Ahmad Fakhry

    2010-01-01

    Industri manufaktur merupakan sistem yang disusun dan didukung oleh setiap subsistemnya. Salalah satunya adalah kualitas produk yang sangat mempengaruhi kedudukan perusahaan dalam persaingan industri. PT. Perkebunan Nusantara III Kebun Gunung Para adalah perusahaan yang bergerak dalam industri manufaktur yang memproduksi Rubber Smoke Sheet (RSS). Permasalahan yang sering timbul di lantai produksi, terutama di bagian pengepakan yaitu, tingginya frekuensi pengembalian produk jadi ke bak pen...

  18. Analisa Mutu Produk Minyak Sawit Berdasarkan Metode Kaizen di PT. Perkebunan Nusantara III Pabrik Kelapa Sawit Aek Nabara Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Irma Juliyanty

    2011-01-01

    Perkembangan industri pengolahan kelapa sawit di wilayah Sumatera Utara saat ini meningkat dengan sangat cepat. Perkembangan antar industri pabrik kelapa sawit ini memunculkan persaingan yang sangat kompetitif antar perusahaan. Salah satunya adalah kualitas produk yang sangat mempengaruhi kedudukan perusahaan dalam persaingan industri. Untuk menghadapi persaingan yang sangat ketat ini, setiap perusahaan dituntut untuk perlu melakukan pemeriksaan yang ketat terhadap kualitas produk. PT. Perkeb...

  19. SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE UNTUK KLASIFIKASI CITRA JENIS DAGING BERDASARKAN TEKSTUR MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAKSI CIRI GRAY LEVEL CO-OCCURRENCE MATRICES (GLCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neneng Neneng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Texture is one of the most important features for image analysis, which provides informations such as the composition of texture on the surface structure, changes of the intensity, or brightness. Gray level co-occurence matrix (GLCM is a method that can be used for statistical texture analysis. GLCM has proven to be the most powerful texture descriptors used in image analysis. This study uses the four-way GLCM 0o, 45o, 90o, and 135o. Support vector machine (SVM is a machine learning that can be used for image classification. SVM has a high generalization capability without any requirement of additional knowledge, even with the high dimension of the input space. The data used in this study are the image of goat meat, buffalo meat, horse meat, and beef with shooting distance 20 cm, 30 cm and 40 cm. The result of this study shows that the best recognition rate of 87.5% was taken at a distance of 20 cm with neighboring pixels distance d = 2 in the direction GLCM 135o.

  20. SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE UNTUK KLASIFIKASI CITRA JENIS DAGING BERDASARKAN TEKSTUR MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRAKSI CIRI GRAY LEVEL CO-OCCURRENCE MATRICES (GLCM)

    OpenAIRE

    Neneng Neneng; Kusworo Adi; Rizal Isnanto

    2016-01-01

    Texture is one of the most important features for image analysis, which provides informations such as the composition of texture on the surface structure, changes of the intensity, or brightness. Gray level co-occurence matrix (GLCM) is a method that can be used for statistical texture analysis. GLCM has proven to be the most powerful texture descriptors used in image analysis. This study uses the four-way GLCM 0o, 45o, 90o, and 135o. Support vector machine (SVM) is a machine learning that ca...

  1. PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI HORMONAL DAN DISTRESS EMOSIONAL SEBAGAI KONTRIBUTOR HIPERTENSI PEREMPUAN INDONESIA : TINJAUAN PERSPEKTIF JENDER

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    Siti Isfandari

    2015-04-01

    hipertensi Riskesdas 2007 menunjukkan prevalensi hipertensi perempuan mulai menyusul lelaki pada usia 35 tahun. Artikel bertujuan membahas peningkatan prevalensi hipertensi perempuan menggunakan sudut pandang jender menekankan pada kebijakan program keluarga berencana yang menempatkan perempuan sebagai target serta ketimpangan sosial ekonomi yang dapat menyebabkan distress emosional berdampak pada kejadian hipertensi dini pada perempuan. Melakukan kajian teori tentang jender dan kesehatan, jender dan hipertensi, dan faktor risiko hipertensi. Selanjutnya melakukan analisis situasi berdasarkan laporan Riskesdas 2007, 2010 dan Sensus Penduduk (SP 2010. Kemudian dilakukan analisis situasiberdasarkan data menggunakan perspektif jender untuk menjelaskan kejadian hipertensi dini perempuan Indonesia. Selain faktor risiko utama, kejadian hipertensi dapat dipengaruhi oleh penggunaan kontrasepsi hormonal dan distress emosional. Tiga hingga empat dari sepuluh perempuan Indonesia usia 10 - 29 tahun menggunakan kontrasepsi hormonal. Pendidikan dan status pekerjaan perempuan sebagai proksikeadaan sosial ekonomi lebih rendah dibanding lelaki. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan distres emosional menuju hipertensi. Fenomena hipertensi perempuan Indonesia dapat disebabkan oleh kebijakan KB pemerintah yang mejadikan perempuan sebagai target utama dan ketimpangan perempuan terhadap akses sumberdaya yang menyebabkan distress emosional. Pemantauan teratur dilakukan terhadap penggunaan kontrasepsi hormonal dan memberikan intervensi non farmakologis untuk penanganan hipertensi sebagai pelengkap intervensi farmakologi.Kata kunci : kontrasepsi, hipertensi, distress emosional, jender, Indonesia

  2. HUBUNGAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN, MORBIDITAS DAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI INDONESIA (RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION, MORBIDITY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN INDONESIA

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    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    terhadap air yang aman, sanitasi dan pelayanan kesehatan dasar, memengaruhi gizi anak. Tujuan: Menganalisis hubungan antara sanitasi lingkungan, morbiditas, dan status gizi anak di bawah usia lima tahun (balita. Metode: Data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2007 digunakan untuk analisis. Sampel data sebesar 43.162 balita. Uji chi-square dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara sanitasi lingkungan dan status gizi, hubungan antara morbiditas dan status gizi anak balita. Hasil: 43,3 persen sampel anak balita berusia 37-59 bulan. Tujuh puluh tiga persen orang tua balita berusia 26-45 tahun. Sebagian besar orang tua (72,1% berpendidikan di bawah SMA. Berdasarkan indikator antropometri, 18,4 persen anak balita mengalami gizi kurang, 36,8 persen pendek (stunting dan 14,1 persen kurus. Ada hubungan signifikan antara kejadian penyakit diare pada anak di bawah lima tahun dengan status gizi berdasarkan indikator berat badan menurut umur, tinggi badan menurut umur, dan berat badan menurut tinggi badan (BB/U, TB/U dan BB/TB. Penyakit pernapasan secara bermakna berhubungan dengan indikator status gizi berdasarkan berat badan menurut umur dan tinggi badan menurut umur. Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara sanitasi lingkungan yang sehat dengan status gizi anak balita dengan berat badan menurut umur. Kesimpulan: Status gizi anak balita paling umum yang berhubungan dengan sanitasi lingkungan dan morbiditas adalah indikator status gizi berdasarkan berat badan menurut umur. [Penel Gizi Makan 2011, 34(2: 104-113] Kata kunci: anak balita, sanitasi lingkungan, morbiditas, status gizi

  3. SIFAT HIPOKOLESTEREMIK MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT, MINYAK KEDELAI DAN TEMPE

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    Mien KMS Mahmud

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kadar kolesterol dan trigliserida darah merupakan salah satu indikator yang dapat digunakan untuk mendiagnosa kemungkinan adanya gangguan jantung atherosklerosis. Kadar lipida darah mempunyai korelasi yang tinggi dengan jenis lemak atau minyak yang dikonsumsi setiap hari, karena komposisi asam lemak pada setiap jenis minyak berbeda. Tempe telah lama digemari masyarakat Indonesia dan telah diketahui bermanfaat bagi kesehatan. Penelitian yang dilaporkan melalui makalah ini bertujuan mempelajari peluang kejadian penyakit atherosklerosis pada pada kelinci dengan pola konsumsi minyak makan asal kelapa sawit, minyak kedelai, minyak asal lemak babi atau minyak babi dicampur tempe. Kelinci percobaan dewasa yang sehat dikelompokkan berdasarkan kadar hemoglobin darah antara 8.2-13.6 g/dl menjadi lima kelompok percobaan. Satu kelompok sebagai kontrol diberi ronsum standar terdiri dari pelet, kangkung dan ubi merah secara adlibitum. Empat kelompok lainnya, disamping ransum standar juga diberi 2 ml minyak babi atau minyak kedelai atau minyak kelapa sawit atau minyak babi yang ditambahkan 5 gram tempe bubuk, sehari. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap kadar kolesterol total,  LDL, HDL dan trigliserido darah. Dilakukan pula pemeriksaan histopatologi pada jaringan pembuluh darah jantung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa minyak babi menyebabkan kenaikan kadar kolesterol total, LDL, HDL dan trigliserida didalam darah sebanyak masing-masing berturut-tuut 60%, 89%, 52% dan 42%. Minyak kelapa sawit menaikan kadar kolesterol total 15%, menurunkan kadar LDL 21%, menaikan kadar HDL 24% dan menurunkan kadar trigliserida 14%. Minyak kedelai menurunkan kolesterol total sebanyak 10%, LDL 30%, trigliserida 24% seraya menaikan kadar HDL sebanyak 3%. Penambahan tempe ke dalam minyak babi dapat menurunkan kadar kolesterol total 10%, LDL 44%, trigliserida 28% dan memelihara kadar HDL lebih tinggi dari sebelum perlakuan. Hasil pemeriksaan histopatologi menunjukkan bahwa pemberian

  4. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Keracunan Pestisida Pada Petani Penyemprot Jeruk Di Desa Cinta Rakyat Kecamatan Merdeka Kabupaten Karo Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Rapael

    2011-01-01

    Pesticide is a chemical compund of toxic and harmful material . If it’s not carried out well, it can induce negative impacts for human health and the environtment. Prevalance proportion of pesticide poisoning on citrus farmers spray in Perteguhen village, Simpang Empat sub-district is 57.13% . This research aims to know the factors related with the pesticides poisoning issues on citrus farmers spray in Cinta Rakyat village, Merdeka sub-district on 2010. This research is an analytic studi...

  5. POLA KEJADIAN DAN DETERMINANBAYI DENGAN BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH (BBLR DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2013 (Pattern of Occurrence and Determinants of Baby with Low Birth Weight in Indonesia 2013

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    Mohammad Setyo Pramono

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Low Birth Weight (LBW is associated with neonatal mortality and morbidity, impaired growth and cognitive development, and chronic diseases later in life. LBW can also seriously affect the quality of future generations because it can slow the growth and development of children, and therefore contributes to a decrease of intelligence. Methods: This study is a secondary data analysis, the data source is the result of National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas in 2013 with coverage of all provinces in Indonesia. The unit of analysis is the baby. The data were processed using descriptive analysis and logistic regression. Results: The percentage of low birth weight is 6.37% nationwide. Conclusion: Incidence of low birth weight is influenced by many factors the number of children, the occurrence of complications during pregnancy, low economic status and the baby girl. The most impact variable is the risk of complication during pregnancy reaches 2.74 times. Recommendation: It is needed improved efforts in handling Infants with low birth weight so that it will not result in death or impaired physical and mental growth and development of infants that affect on the quality of state human resources and increase the state burden.

  6. Perbandingan Efek Dekontaminasi Oral Listerine® Dengan Klorheksidin 0,2% Terhadap Kejadian Ventilator Associated Pneumonia Di Unit Perawatan Intensif Rumah Sakit Haji Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Simamora, Boynardo

    2016-01-01

    Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is an important nosocomial infection which form of hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) in intensive care unit (ICU). VAP is defined as pneumonia occurring more than 48 hours after patients have been intubated and received mechanical ventilation. The risk of VAP is a highest early in the course of hospital stay, and is estimated to be three percent per day during the first five days of ventilation, two percent per day during days 5 to 10 ventilation, and one...

  7. Pengaruh Perilaku Bahaya Kerja Terhadap Risiko Kejadian Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Pekerja di PT Subur Sari Lastderich (SSL) Humbang Hasundutan Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Silaban, Jonri

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the study was to find out the influence of work hazard behavior on the risk for job accident in the workers at PT Subur Sari Lastderich (SSL), Humbang Hasundutan, in 2015. The study was an analytic survey with cross sectional design. The data were analyzed by using univatriate analysis, bivatriate analysis with chi square test, and multivatriate analysis with multiple linear regression analysis. The population was 52 construction and Asphalt Mixing Plant (AMP) workers a...

  8. Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Tindakan Keselamatan Kerja Dengan Kejadian Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Tenaga Keperawatan Di Ruang Rawat Klas III RSUD Aceh Tamiang Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Junaidi, Didi

    2016-01-01

    Occupational accident is one of the problems that often occur in workers at work, namely hospitals. Rumah Sakit Umum Aceh Tamiang in 2014 had 1 case of occupational accidents resulting nurses needlestick while doing actions to patients causing nurse passed away. The objective of the research was to find out the correlation of knowledge, attitude and action of work safety with incidence of occupational accident at nursing staff in the inpatient wards of class III RSUD Aceh Tamiang in 2015. ...

  9. HUBUNGAN AKTIVITAS FISIK, KEBUGARAN FISIK DAN IMEJ TUBUH DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA SISWA SMA DI KOTA BANDA ACEH PROVINSI NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

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    Azhari Azhari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of obesity is increasing globally, both in developed and developing countries including Indonesia. Obesity occurs due to imbalance between energy in take and energy release for a long time as indicated by Body Mass Index (BMI. Someone is categorized as obese if he/she has BMI 95% percentil based on National Center for Health Statistics-Center for Disease Control. Risk factors of obesity are declining physical activity, declining fitness and negative body image. Besides, there are other factors such as genetics, food consumption, knowledge on nutrition and socialeconomic factor. Objective: To identify relationship between physical activity, fitness and body image and obesity among senior high school students at Banda Aceh Municipality. Method: The study was commenced from students screening to find out those who were obese and non obese based on the calculation of BMI. There were 82 obese students as cases and 82 non obese students as controls. Both cases and control had similar characteristics in terms of age, grade and school. The measurement of physical activity was done using International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Fitness was measured through walking/running test as long as 1.609 km, and body image was measured with Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ. Result: There was relationship between physical activity and obesity (OR = 2, 100, 95% Cl; 1,032-4,272. This indicated that inactive students had risk 2.100 times greater for being obese than active students. There was relationship between fitness and obesity (OR= 2,467, 95% Cl; 1,205-5,051, this showed that unfit students had risk 2.467 times greater forbeing obese than fit students. There was relationship between body image and obesity. Students with BSQ quarter 2 (Q2 to quarter 3 (Q3 (OR = 10,459, 95% Cl; 1,381- 12,552, this indicated students had risk 10.459 times for being obese whereas students with BSQ quarter 4(Q4 (OR= 4, 163, 95% Cl; 1,381-12,552, this indicated students had risk 4.163 greater for being obese. Conclusion: Physical activity, fitness and body image were factor associated with prevalence of obesity among Senior High School students at Banda Aceh Municipality. Key words: physical activity, fitness, body image, obesity

  10. HUBUNGAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMBERANTASAN SARANG NYAMUK DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR SELATAN DAN PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR TIMUR

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    Dwi Jata

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF is one of diseases that causes health problems in Indonesia and oftenly creates extraordinary events with great death. The purpose of this research is to discover relationship community behavior in mosquito nesting eradication and environmental factors with DHF incidence in 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Selatan and 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Timur. The research design used is observational, cross-sectional. Total sample of 82 households. Sampling was done in proportion sampling method. Results of the analysis of environmental variables associated with DHF incidence in 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Selatan: occupant density (p = 0.02, mobility (p = 0.01, the habit of hanging clothes (p = 0.04. 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Timur: mobility (p = 0.00, clogged water ditches (p = 0.00, containers water existance (p = 0.03, the habit of hanging clothes (p = 0.00. Knowledge, attitude and actions in 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Selatan and 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Timur statistically correlated with DHF incidence. As conclusion of the research results, in 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Selatan and 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Timur, that is mobility, the habit of hanging clothes, knowledge, attitude and actions strongly related with DHF incidence, while that is clogged water ditches, containers water existance and occupant density has no relation with DHF incidence. Public Health Center need to intensify health promotion, improves the quality of MNE (PSN, and the Provincial Health Service need to support Public Health Center on setting policies which necessary.

  11. HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SANITASI RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS IV DENPASAR SELATAN KOTA DENPASAR

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    I Gede Sumertha Gapar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Besides positive results, the rapid development and growth of Denpasar City has also brought some problems to the Government of Denpasar City, for example the emergence of housing complexes that did not meet health standards and requirements. This problem can cause negative impacts toward the health condition of city residents, especially in the form of diseases influenced by environment factors such as acute respiratory infections (ARI. Based on that phenomena this study was carried out to examine the causal relationship between home sanitation factors (ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, temperature, population density, and air pollution and the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI in the working area of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District, in Denpasar City. This study had an observational nature and employed a cross-sectional design. Based on data analysis applied, this study belong to analytical studies. Population size of this study was 5,777 and covered all inhabited houses in the working areas of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District. Sample of 97 houses were taken using proporsional stratified random sampling. Statistical tests shows that: (1 the quality of house sanitation has a significance value p = 0.000 (sig p <0.05, (2 house ventilation has a significance value = 0.162 (sig p>0.05, (3 natural lighting has a significance value p=0.002 (sig p<0.05, (4 Room humidity has a significance value p=0.003 (sig p<0.05, (5 Room temperature has a significance value p=0.491 (sig p>0.05, (6 house population density has a significance value p=0.123 (sig p>0.05, (7 Air population in the house has a significance value p=0.001(sig p<0.05. Based on the results of our study it can be concluded that the quality of house sanitation affect the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI diseases. The variables of house sanitation that affect the event of ARI diseases are: room humidity (OR=0.321, air population in the house (OR= 0.233, natural lighting (OR= 0.151. Our study found that the probability of people who live in a house with below-standard-sanitationquality to be stricken by ARI diseases was 97.7%. Based on the results of our study it can be suggested that to the people that built the house of a qualified health.

  12. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Siswa Laki Laki Terhadap Kejadian Merokok Di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 2 Tanjung Pura Langkat Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Patimah, Siti

    2015-01-01

    Latar Belakang :Perilaku merokok merupakan perilaku yang berbahaya bagi kesehatan, tetapi masih banyak orang yang melakukannya khususnya dikalangan remaja. Sejumlah studi menegaskan bahwa kebanyakan perokok mulai merokok antara umur 11 tahun dan 13 tahun, 85% sampai 95% sebelum umur 18 tahun. Faktor resiko merokok merupakan faktor penyebab pertama kali seseorang merokokantara lain pengaruh orangtua/keluarga, teman, kepribadian dan iklan. Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk m...

  13. Kejadian Preeklampsi Berat pada Ibu Hamil dan Bersalin Studi Kasus terhadap Pasien di Rumah Sakit Umum Dr. Pirngadi Kota Medan Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Sihotang, Lisnawati

    2012-01-01

    Preeclampsia is a disease with the typical signs of high blood pressure, followed by proteinurine, with or without oedema caused by pregnancy. Preeclampsia can progress into a severe preeclampsia because of not knowing or not getting help on time, so that the maternal mortality rate cannot be reduced yet. The incidence of severe preeclampsia at dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan was increased, from 43 cases of 531pregnancy (8.1 %) in 2010 into 73 cases of 644 pregnancy (11.3 %) in 2011...

  14. POLA PENYAKIT PENYEBAB KEMATIAN BAYI DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN, KONDISI SOSIO EKONOMI PADA KEJADIAN KEMATIAN BAYI DI INDONESIA HASIL RISKE5DAS 2007

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    Tety Rachmawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Infant health was an important health indicator because of its relationship with various factors, maternal health, the quality of access to health services, socioeconomic conditions and public health services. Many factors influenced the Infant Mortality Rate but it is difficult to determine dominant factors and less dominant factors. The availability of various facilities or access and health services from skilled health workers, and also changing of public mind set from traditional to modern norms in health services are factors that influence the Infant Mortality Rate. This study aimed to asses the pattern infant death cause at urban and rural, socioeconomic conditions and its relations to infant death. Methods: The study design is descriptive. Data were taken from Riskesdas 2007, conducted in all provinces 33 Provinces in Indonesia. The Unit of analysis was infant death (0-11 month in household, during 1 July 2006-February 2008. Results: Results showed that infant mortality the majority patterns of infant death cause in Urban were is Low Birth Weight; followed by digestive infection,Asphyxia/aspiration and meningitis. Meanwhile pattern of Infant death cause in rural the majority were digestive infection, Pneumonia, Asphyxia/aspiration and Low Birth Weight. There was differences in access to health services between urban and rural areas. In rural areas access to health services was more difficult compared to urban. Infant deaths were more common in rural. Suggests to enhance access to health services especially in rural areas such as by enhance Desa SiagaStrategy to shorthen the health services to community like Poskesdes, enhance pre hospital care of obstetric and neonatal emergency at Polindes and puskesmas, socialization of ASI exclusive program, socialization of "PHBS" program. Key words: Infant Death - Pattern of death Cause - access - socioeconomic- Riskesdas 2007

  15. Gambaran Konsumsi Buah Pinang, Kejadian Kecacingan Dan Status Gizi Siswa Di Sd 175750 Desa Pardamean Nainggolan Kecamatan Pahae Jae Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Sitompul, Lamria

    2016-01-01

    Areca catechu is a plant that belongs to coconut family. The people of Toba Batak use the fruit of areca catechu as one meal for friends or quests, as the substitution of the cigarette for men. For children, the fruit of areca catechu is used as the substitution for candy. This research is intended to know the description of the consumption of the fruit of areca catechu, the occurrence of suffering worms, and nutritional status of Elementary School 175750 in Pardamean Nainggolan village, P...

  16. Hubungan Karakteristik Individu, Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dan Perilaku terhadap Kejadian TB Paru di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Padangmatinggi Kota Padangsidimpuan Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Nurmala Syari

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis is a transmitted infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. In most cases, TB attacks the lungs; however, it also attacks organs. TB infection spread through the air, such as through droplet inhalation which contains bacil tubercle microbes derived from infectious person. This study purpose is to analyze relationship among individual characteristic, home environmental sanitation and behavior in the incidence of pulmonary TB at Padangmatinggi health center working...

  17. Angka Kejadian serta Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Gangguan tidur (Insomnia) Pada Lansia di Panti Sosial Tresna Werda Wana Seraya 1 Denpasar Bali Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Putu Arysta Dewi; I Gusti Ayu Indah Ardani

    2015-01-01

    Background: the incidence Rate of insomnia will increase as you get older. In the other words, the symptoms of insomnia often occurs in the elderly even almosthalf of the number of elderly reported having difficulty starting and maintainingsleep.Objective: to know the numbers of elderly who experience sleep disorders(insomnia) and the factors that affect sleep disorders (Insomnia) in Panti TresnaWerda Wana Seraya Denpasar.Materials and methods: a method of this research using design descripti...

  18. HUBUNGAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMBERANTASAN SARANG NYAMUK DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR SELATAN DAN PUSKESMAS I DENPASAR TIMUR

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Jata; Nyoman Adi Putra; I.B.G. Pujaastawa

    2016-01-01

    Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of diseases that causes health problems in Indonesia and oftenly creates extraordinary events with great death. The purpose of this research is to discover relationship community behavior in mosquito nesting eradication and environmental factors with DHF incidence in 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Selatan and 1st Public Health Center Denpasar Timur. The research design used is observational, cross-sectional. Total sample of 82 households. Sampling was ...

  19. Hubungan Higiene Ibu Dan Anak Serta Sanitasi Dasar Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Balita Di Desa Sijambur Kecamatan Ronggurnihuta Kabupaten Samosir Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Simbolon, Delima

    2016-01-01

    Diarrhea is still a health problem in Indonesia. Based on data Riskesdas 2007 there were 21% diarrhea disease causing death children under five years. Based on data Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Samosir in 2008 finded 4.223 diarrhea cases and 1.668 on children under five years already have medical treatment. Mother and child hygiene and basic sanitation can be a risk factors diarrhea incident. The purpose of this research to know the relationship of mother and child hygiene (washing hands wit...

  20. Pengaruh Higiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru pada Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan di Blok D Rumah Tahanan Negara Klas I Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Masdalena

    2012-01-01

    Cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in Medan City 2010 noted as 918 people with prevalence as 45,9/100,000 population. Based on preliminary surveys in the Class I State Penitentiary Medan in 2010, found 59 inmates suffering from lung tuberculosis and 14 of them suffering from lung tuberculosis after became inmates. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of environmental sanitation and hygiene on the incident of lung tuberculosis in the inmates of Block D at the Class I State ...

  1. DAMPAK PEMBERIAN TABLET ZAT BESI (Fe) PADA IBU HAMIL TERHADAP KEJADIAN BAYI DENGAN BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH (Analisis Lanjut SDKI 1994)

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    Magdarina Destri Agtini; Ratna L. Budiarso; Agustina Lubis; Zainul Bakri; Ch. M. Kristanti

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) in Indonesia varied between 2.1 - 17.2%. At the end of Five years Development Plan V (Repelita V) it was 15.0%, and is expected to decrease to 10.0% by the end of Repelita VI. Low Birth Weight infant (less than 2500 grm) is an important issue, because of its relationship with the survival and health status of the infant in the future. The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women is 63.5%. The cause of anemia is mostly iron deficiency. The need of iron in...

  2. DAMPAK PEMBERIAN TABLET ZAT BESI (Fe PADA IBU HAMIL TERHADAP KEJADIAN BAYI DENGAN BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH (Analisis Lanjut SDKI 1994

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    Magdarina Destri Agtini

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW in Indonesia varied between 2.1 - 17.2%. At the end of Five years Development Plan V (Repelita V it was 15.0%, and is expected to decrease to 10.0% by the end of Repelita VI. Low Birth Weight infant (less than 2500 grm is an important issue, because of its relationship with the survival and health status of the infant in the future. The prevalence of anemia in pregnant women is 63.5%. The cause of anemia is mostly iron deficiency. The need of iron in pregnant women is quite high which is an average of 800 mg during pregnancy. Daily food contains 10 - 20 mg iron but the human body can absorb only less than 10.0%. To overcome the problem, iron pills distribution program is implemented. The iron pills contain 200 mg ferro sulfate and 0.25 mg folic acid, and are given to all pregnant women who visit Community Health Centres (Puskesmas and Integrated Health Service Posts (Posyandu. Each pregnant women is expected to have at least 90 iron pills during the pregnancy. The objective of further analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey 1994 is to obtain information on the impact of iron pills on low birth weight. Among the 1689 weighted children born in 1994, there were 6.7% (112 children with low birth weight. The percentage of low birth weight (10.6% in the mothers who did not take the iron pills is the highest, followed by mothers who took less than 90 pills (6.0% and the lowest percentage of low birth weight is found among mothers who took the least iron pills (5.9%, and statistically the difference is significant at p=0.0271. Among mothers who weighted their new born children, 14.6% did not take iron pills during pregnancy, only 26.1% mothers who took at least 90 iron pills during pregnancy. There is variation among the number of iron pills taken. Iron pill is useful for pregnant women. Based on the pills consumed by the pregnant women, the risk for having low birth weight infant for mother who did not take pills compared with those who take at least 90 pills is 3.5 times (95% CI: 1.41 - 9.09 in Java Bali, 10.3 times (95% CI: 1.11-14.29 for mothers with education Junior High School and 2.7 times (95% CI: 1.11 - 6.66 for mothers who give birth for the first child.Based on the number of pills taken by pregnant women, risk for Low Birth Weight in urban and rural area is not different, in Java Bali and as outer Java Bali. To reduce the Low Birth Weght, it is important to intensify monitoring, educating, informating on the importance of iron pills with balanced nutrition through health attendant and community key person and involvement of private company through mass media. It is important to have examination of women before she get pregnant and give proper treatment to the diseases which can worsen the anemia during pregnancy. It is also important to do special research on the high risk of anemia by considerating factors which determine low birth weight in the effort of promoting the health of pregnant women and the infants, so that specific and or appropriate methods of intervention can be developed and applied. 

  3. Perilaku Makan Siap Saji (Fast Food) dan Kejadian Obesitas pada Remaja Putri di SMAN 1Barumun Kecamatan Barumun Kabupaten Padang Lawas Tahun 2014

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    Hasibuan, Romaito

    2015-01-01

    Fast food is characterized by unbalanced nutrient content. mostly high in calories, fat, but very low in fiber. consumption of fast food will lead to excessive problems of nutrition.This research was conducted to study the behavior (knowledge and attitude) of female adolescent and the diet of fast food (frequency, type, and number of carbohydrate, protein, fat and fiber) to the female adolescent at SMAN 1 Barumun. This research is descriptive study by cross sectional study.sample amounted ...

  4. Gambaran Kejadian Abortus Spontan dengan Usia Ibu di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) Haji Adam Malik dari Tahun 2005 hingga Tahun 2010

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    Muhammad Khir Zikri Bin Abdul Mutalib

    2011-01-01

    Background : Spontaneous Abortion is the health problem that occurred to the pregnancy women where the gestational ages are below than 20 weeks and the fetus is under 1000 gram in weight. There are many factor contributing to the high prevalens cases, and one of them is maternal age. Objectif : This study objectif is to observed the incidences of Spontaneous Abortion within Maternal Age at RSUP H. Adam Malik, Medan between 2005 and 2010. Method : This research is a descriptif researc...

  5. Hubungan Karakteristik, Personal Hygine Ibu, dan Kondisi Sanitasi Jamban Dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Balita di Desa Sei Dua Hulu Kecamatan Simpang Empat Kabupaten asahan Tahun 2014

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    Saragi, Muhammad Sutan Reza

    2016-01-01

    Diarrhea is one kind of disease that still become a health problem in Indonesia. Its prevalence and mortality rate are still high, especially among the children under five years. The incidence among the children under five years old in Sei Dua village in 2011 was 179 cases. The poverty, lack of personal hygiene and environment are factors for diarrhea among children under five years. This study aims to determine the relationship between characteristics, personal hygine, latrines and sanita...

  6. Pengaruh Sanitasi Lingkungan dan Personal Hygiene terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Skabies pada Warga Binaan Pemasyarakatan yang Berobat Ke Klinik di Rumah Tahanan Negara Klas 1 Medan

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    Siregar, Kristina Rosetty

    2012-01-01

    Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by sarcoptes scabei varian hominis. The prevalence of scabies in Indonesia is 4.60 – 12.95% and it ranks third of the 12 most frequently suffered skin diseases. One of the factors of the prevalence of scabies is poor sanitation and personal hygiene attacking human beings living in a group like in a penitentiary. The purpose of this analytical survey study with cross-sectional design was to analyze the influence of environmental sanitation and per...

  7. Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan dan Personal Hygiene Ibu dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita di Lingkungan Pintu Angin Kelurahan Sibolga Hilir Kecamatan Sibolga Utara Kota Sibolga Tahun 2016

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    Siregar, Widyana

    2016-01-01

    Diarrhea is a kind of disease that is based on environment and occurs in almost all geographic regions of this globe. The problems of diarrhea in Indonesia often occured in the form of Extraordinary Events (KLB). Hygiene and sanitation behavior that are still low, become the main factors for outbreaks of diarrhea. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlation between environmental sanitation (clean water facilities, household toilets, wastewater disposal, and a means of waste dis...

  8. Pengaruh Karakteristik, Personal Hygiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah terhadap Kejadian Kecacingan pada anak balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bromo Kota Medan Tahun 2015

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    Yunus, Yulie Andra

    2016-01-01

    Children under five years old are the age group who are in a critical period of infancy and development resulting in a long-term impact of this group occur when they were infected the Helminthiases. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship characteristics, personal hygiene and environmental sanitation house with Helminth incidence in Children under five years old in Primary Health Care of Bromo Medan. This type of research is analytic survey research with Cross Sectional d...

  9. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Rendahnya Kepemilikan Jamban Keluarga Dan Personal Hygiene Dengan Kejadian Diare Di Desa Sei Musam Kendit Kecamatan Bahorok Kabupaten Langkat Tahun 2014

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    Azwinsyah, Faisal

    2015-01-01

    One of health efforts in society is basic sanitation. One of basic sanitation facility in society is latrine. Latrine is useful for the dispose of human feces so the bacteria in the feces did not pollutes the environment and then environment is clean with good esthetic. This aim of this research is to study the factors realted to the few of ownership of household’s latrine and personal hygiene with diarrhea incidence in Desa Sei Musam Kendit, sub district of Bahorok, regency of Langkat. ...

  10. Pengaruh Personal Hygiene dan Sanitasi Lingkungan terhadap Kejadian Skabies pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Kecamatan Lubuk Pakam Kabupaten Deli Serdang Tahun 2013

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    Purba, Christine Vita Gloria

    2015-01-01

    Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by Sarcoptes Scabiei Varian hominis. It is reported that the prevalence of scabies in the developing countries is 6% -27%of general population, and the highest incidence was in school-aged children. Scabies occurs in a large part of Indonesia since Indonesia has tropical climate. The data from Lubuk Pakam Puskesmas shows that of ten serious diseases, skin diseases ranks the sixth in 2013 in which scabies was the highest rank. Based on the data from ...

  11. Hubungan Kepadatan Lalat, Personal Hygiene dan Sanitasi Dasar dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita di Lingkungan I Kelurahan Paya Pasir Kecamatan Medan Marelan Kota Medan Tahun 2015

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    Safira, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Diarrhea is one of public health’s problem with high mortality and morbidity rate especially among children under five years old in Indonesia. There were 158 cases of the incidence of diarrhea in Lingkungan I Kelurahan Paya Pasir Kecamatan Medan Marelan Medan city in 2014. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the density of flies, personal hygiene and basic sanitation with the incidence of diarrhea in children under five years old. This study method is analytical s...

  12. Hubungan Personal Hygiene Santri dengan Kejadian Penyakit Kulit Infeksi Skabies dan Tinjauan Sanitasi Lingkungan Pesantren Darel Hikmah Kota Pekanbaru Tahun 2011

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    Frenki

    2012-01-01

    Scabies is a skin disease caused by Sarcoptes scabiei, a mite belongs to the class of Arachnida. This mite is very small and can only be seen through a microscope. Scabies is also called body lice. Scabies spreads easily either through a direct contact with the patient (sufferer) or indirect contact through clothing, bed linen, towels, pillows or mattresses. The purpose of this analytical survey study with case-control design was to analyze the relationship between personal hygiene of sant...

  13. Hubungan Frekuensi Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk Dan Angka Bebas Jentik Dengan Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue Pada Periode Januari-Desember Tahun 2012 Di Kota Medan

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    Pasaribu, Sondang

    2016-01-01

    Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) was a public health problem in Indonesia. Medan was dengue endemic area. DHF had not been able to be controlled optimally. Various ways of prevention and eradication done to tackle the occurrence of dengue fever, including Eradication of Mosquito Breeding Place and Larva Periodic Inspection. This study aims to know the relationship between the frequency of the eradication of mosquito breeding place and larvae-free index with the incidence of dengue hemorrha...

  14. Pengaruh Keberadaan Jentik, Pengetahuan dan Praktik Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk terhadap Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kecamatan Siantar Timur Kota Pematang Siantar Tahun 2014

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    Purba, Iqbal Octari

    2015-01-01

    Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by the dengue virus and transmitted through the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito. The existence of larva had high risk for DHF transmission. Eradication of mosquito nests was one of the efforts to control the vector of DHF by eliminating the larva as the main target. This was an observational analytic research with case control design aimed to determine theinfluence of the existence of larva, knowledge and the practice of eradi...

  15. Polimorfisme FokI, BsmI, ApaI, dan TaqI Gen Reseptor Vitamin D pada Kejadian Tuberkulosis Anak

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    Budi Setiabudiawan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB is a infection disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis itself is not the only factor of TB. Polymorphism of vitamin D receptor (VDR gene is important on the susceptibility of TB. The aim was to find out the role of FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR gene polymorphism on child TB. The observational analytic study with case control design was done in RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung and RSU Cibabat Cimahi, May 2008–March 2009. The subjects consisted of 42 children each for case (TB and control (non TB group, enrolled by consecutive sampling. The blood was analyzed for polymorphism of FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR gene. Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test, to calculate odds ratio (OR and 95% confidence interval (CI were used. The incidence of FokI VDR gene polymorphism in TB case group was 66.7% and 40.5% in control group (p=0.016, OR (95% CI: 2.94 (1.21–7.16. The FokI VDR gene polymorphism for TB group was 2.94 times greater than that for control group; while for BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI VDR gene polymorphism, there was no significant difference between TB case and control (p>0.05. It is concluded, FokI VDR gene polymorphism is a risk factor of child TB.

  16. Hubungan Pola Makan Dan Aktivitas Fisik Terhadap Kejadian Obesitas Anak Kelas V Dan VI Di Sekolah Dasar Yayasan Pendidikan Shafiyyatul Amalyyah

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    Hutahaean, Grace Duma Mawarni

    2014-01-01

    The prevalence of obesity in children worldwide has been increasing rapidly. Obese children have higher risk to be obese in adulthood.Obesiy is associated with increased risk of diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obtructive sleep apnea, and osteoarthritis. In addition, childhood obesity can cause psychological stress which will lead poorly to the children’s self-esteem, academic, and social function in the future. The aim of this research was to determine the relationship of diet and ph...

  17. Oral hygiene and number of oral mucosal lesion correlate with oral health-related quality of life in elderly communities

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    Dewi Agustina

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Quality of life assessment mostly is based on general health. Deterioration of physiologic condition, polypharmacy and the high occurrence of chronic disease in elderly may manifest in oral cavity that can affect oral function, in turn it will affect quality of life of elderly. Purpose: This study was aimed to determine the correlation of oral health status and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL in elderly communities of Yogyakarta city. Method: Seventy three elders were subjects of this study. Data of OHRQoL and oral health status were obtained from modification of questionnaire of Dental Impact of Daily Living (DIDL Index and from intraoral examination, respectively. Intraoral examination comprised oral mucosal lesion amount, oral hygiene, DMFT index and periodontal tissue status. The data then were analyzed statistically using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Result: The results showed that mean of DMFT index was 16.9 and 63% of subjects were found with gingivitis, most subject had moderate oral hygiene and each subject at least had two oral mucosal lesions. Mean score of quality of life was 27.2 and classified as satisfying. Oral hygiene and number of oral mucosal lesion had correlation with OHRQoL with r were -0.236 (Sig. : 0.045 and -0.288 (Sig. : 0.013, respectively. Conclusion: The study suggested that oral hygiene and number of oral mucosal lesion correlate with oral health related-quality of life in elderly communities of Yogyakarta city.Latar belakang: Penilaian kualitas hidup terutama didasarkan pada kesehatan umum. Memburuknya kondisi fisiologis, polifarmasi dan tingginya kejadian penyakit kronis pada lansia dapat termanifestasi di dalam rongga mulut sehingga dapat mempengaruhi fungsi mulut yang pada gilirannya akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup lansia. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti hubungan antara status kesehatan mulut dan kualitas hidup berdasarkan kesehatan mulut pada masyarakat lanjut

  18. SURVEI CEPAT CAKUPAN IMUNISASI DASAR PADA BAYI DI KABUPATEN LUMAJANG TAHUN 2010

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    Arief Hargono

    2013-03-01

    , terdapat 186 desa (90,7% sudah tercapai UCI. Sisanya sebanyak 19 desa (9,3% belum mencapai UCI desa. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Lumajang membutuhkan informasi tentang cakupan imunisasi dan proporsi anak yang mendapat imunisasi sebelum berusia 1 tahun atau valid dose untuk melakukan perencanaan dalam mencegah kejadian PD31. Perlu dilakukan penelitian berupa survei yang bertujuan untuk mendapatkan angka cakupan imunisasi dan valid dose cakupan imunisasi di kabupaten Lumajang. Penelitian berupa survei cepat cakupan imunisasi menggunakan teknik sampel klaster. Pada Kabupaten Lumajang dipilih 30 wilayah klaster atau desa secara acak. Pada setiap klaster terpilih dibutuhkan minimal 7 ibu dengan anak berumur 12-23 bulan. Tahapan survei dilakukan berdasarkan panduan survei cepat yang dikembangkan oleh WHO dengan tingkat kepercayaan survei ±10%. Cakupan imunisasi berdasarkan kartu lebih rendah dibandingkan berdasarkan riwayat. Perbedaan ini menunjukkan masih lemahnya sistem pencatatan hasil imunisasi. Hasil survei menyebutkan kelengkapan imunisasi rutin adalah 56,7% (50,00-63,40% yang menunjukkan bahwa dari 100 bayi di kabupaten Lumajang ada sekitar 57 bayi yang telah mendapatkan imunisasi rutin secara lengkap. Survei juga menyebutkan valid dose 41,4% (34,74-48,06% yang menunjukkan dari 100 anak yang di imunisasi ada sekitar 41 anak yang mendapatkan imunisasi sesuai dengan ketentuan. Perbaikan sistim pencatatan dan pelaporan terutama kelengkapan pengisian tanggal imunisasi pada kartu imunisasi. Selain itu perlu dilakukan perbaikan sistim pemberian vaksin dengan memperhatikan interval waktu pemberian antar satu jenis vaksin yang sama dan memperhatikan umur minimal pemberian vaksin. Kata kunci: survei, cakupan imunisasi, valid dose

  19. Kajian Pelapukan Pedokimia (C-> A) Berdasarkan Mineral Liat Pada Tanah Berbahan Induk Tuff Dasit Di Desa Juhar Kecamatan Juhar Kabupaten Karo

    OpenAIRE

    Simamora, Yunita

    2012-01-01

    Soil formation is begin from rock weathering become parent material until A/B horizons, followed by mixturing organic material process with mineral material on the soil surface. One of the soil formation is pedochemistry process, where it is the climate weathering process by formation of soil solum as the end product. To know how the process happening by studying of soil profil which arrange by some horizons. This research purpose to study pedochemical weathering of c horizon to A horizon ...

  20. Jenis Dan Tingkat Serangan Cacing Parasitik Berdasarkan Perbedaan Tingkatan Umur Pada Insang Dan Saluran Pencernaan Ikan Patin (Pangasius djambal) Pada Kolam Budidaya Di Tanjung Morawa

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    Buaton, Romida Feronika

    2016-01-01

    Research on the type and level of parasitic worm attacks based on the difference of age groups in the catfis’s (Pangasius djambal) gills and digestive tract at aquaculture ponds in Tanjung Morawa was conducted at March-April 2015 to determine the type and level of parasitic worm’s attacks based on different age levels in the gills and digestive of catfish (Pangasius djambal). The sample used in this research were seed aged catfish; 30 one-to-two-month catfish, 10 three -to-four-month catfi...

  1. Fabrikasi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC Berdasarkan Fraksi Volume TiO2 Anatase-Rutile dengan Garcinia mangostana dan Rhoeo Spathacea sebagai Dye Fotosensitizer

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    Sustia Agustini

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sejak pertama kali dikembangkan, usaha untuk meningkatkan efisiensi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC terus dilakukan. Mulai dari pemilihan bahan pewarna, jenis semikonduktor yang digunakan, desain counter elektroda, struktur sandwich atau yang lainnya. Anatase dan rutile adalah fase dari TiO2 yang sering digunakan untuk fabrikasi DSSC. Penelitian ini menggunakan kulit manggis dan Rhoeo spathacea yang diekstrak menggunakan ethanol sebagai pewarna alami yang mengandung antosianin. Pewarna tersebut dikarakterisasi menggunakan UV-Vis dan FTIR, dan menunjukkan absorpsi pada panjang gelombang 392 nm untuk kulit manggis dan 413 nm untuk Rhoeo spathacea. TiO2 disintesis menggunakan metode co-precipitation. Ukuran partikel yang dihasilkan adalah 11 nm untuk anatase and 54,5 nm untuk rutile dengan menggunakan persamaan Scherrer. DSSC difabrikasi dengan variasi fraksi volume TiO2 anatase dan rutile. DSSC diuji dibawah cahaya matahari dengan daya sebesar 17 mW/cm2. Kurva arus-tegangan (I-V DSSC yang dihasilkan fraksi volume 75%:25% memperlihatkan hasil terbaik dibanding yang lain. Efisiensi tertinggi adalah 0.037% dan 0.013% dihasilkan oleh DSSC dengan pewarna alami dari kulit manggis dan Rhoeo spathacea.

  2. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KUALITAS JASA PELAYANAN BERDASARKAN ANALISIS KEPUASAN PASIEN ASKESKIN DI PUSKESMAS (Studi Kasus di Puskesmas Mulyorejo dan Banyu Urip, Kota Surabaya

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    Agung Dwilaksono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Health Centers' (Puskesmas stereotype is becoming developed as health service center for the lowest community people and the Health Centers are assumed as the lowest qualified health services in comparasion to other government health services. This assumption is because  of the minimum available services, administration procedures, low skilled health workers, limited equipments, and low environment conditions comparing to other low tariff of health services. This study aimed to detennine the satisfaction level of the Askeskin patients in Health Centers. This was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. The study was conducted  during February  to August 2005 at Banyu Urip and Mulyorejo Health Centers in Surabaya City. There were 68 Askeskin patients selected. Data were analyzed quantitatively. Results of the study showed in the opposite to the Health Centers' stereotype that developed in the community as the lowest quality of health services. The 5 (five satisfaction dimensions were 89.7% for reliability, 100% for assurance, 91.2% for tangible, 98.5% for empathy, 98.5% for responsiveness. It is concluded that the satisfaction levels of the Askeskin patients were very good. It needs a special strategy to maintain and improve the quality of Health Centers' services to maintain the patients' satisfaction.   Key words: patients' satisfaction, Health Centers, services' quality

  3. Karakteristik Dan Pergerakan Sebaran Penderita DBD Berdasarkan Geographic Information System Sebagai Bagian Sistem Informasi Surveilans di Kecamatan Karawang Barat Kabupaten Karawang Provinsi Jawa Barat

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    Doni Lasut

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available West Karawang is a part of Karawang District that have high case incidence in three years later. This research uses cross sectional study method was conducted that aimed to gain information of mapping DHF endemic region use GIS (Geographic Information sys-tems as a part of surveillance informatics system 2008. The special goals are to know the spatial aspect of the movement pattern , sociodemographic, larvae index, vector control programs, land systems and precipitation. The results of study are movement pattern of DHF in West Karawang is local, the sociodemographic of sex and marital status there are no special different, group of class age 15 – 44 years old (53,70%, non-formal working (81,48% is the highest. The sociodemographic of education Senior High School (38,89% is the highest too. Almost of The housing type permanent (94,44% is the dominant and the average wide building 50-100 meters (66,67% is the highest. House index larvae is 55,10% and container larvae index is 15,51%. The vector control program of fogging in study area 70,37% is done and PSN program activity (81,48% this fact shown that there are many possibility for breeding place in this district. The Use of GIS helps to handle huge of data easily and much more information can be display clearly.

  4. Analisis Cost Effectiveness Penggunaan Antidiabetes Berdasarkan Paket Ina-Cbgs Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe I Rawat Inap Di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan

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    Benny

    2015-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by blood glucose levels exceeded the normal value (hyperglycemia) as a result of the inability of the body to produce normal amounts of insulin or the insulin does not work effectively. This condition will cause complications of the disease. Antidiabetics model therapy to treat DM varies from one patient to another which cause differences in cost and effectiveness of therapy. Therefore, cost effectiveness analysis is require...

  5. Penyelesaian Perselisihan Antara Pekerja dengan Pengusaha di Luar Pengadilan Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 2 Tahun 2004 Tentang Penyelesaian Perselisihan Hubungan Industrial

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    Helwan, Kasra

    2010-01-01

    Dispute between employer and employee can also occur in the field of manpower and the settlement can be done in or out of court. Nowadays, the settlement of dispute through the court of industrial relation is still full of problems such as the place where the claim is field, the lenght of time and the cost needed to process the case, number of rejected cases, alternate decision of payment process that is never be met, and various problems usually found in the court of law. Based on the proble...

  6. Jenis dan Tingkat Serangan Cacing Parasitik Berdasarkan Perbedaan Tingkatan Umur Pada Insang dan Saluran Pencernaan (Usus) Ikan Bawal Air Tawar (Colossoma macropomum) Pada Kolam Budidaya Di Tanjung Morawa

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    Silalahi, Berlina Okvita N

    2016-01-01

    The research on the type and degree of parasitic worm attacks based on different age levels in the gills and digestive tract (gut) of freshwater pomfret (Colossoma macropomum) in pond aquaculture in Tanjung Morawa was conducted in March-April 2015 in order to determine the type and level parasitic worm attacks on the gills and digestive tract (gut) in C. macropomum. The method used is a survey method and the method of mouth gills. Samples were taken at random in each pool based on the differe...

  7. INTEGRASI LEMBAGA PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA ALTERNATIF DALAM PROSES ACARA PERADILAN PERDATA: STUDI TENTANG PUTUSAN PENGADILAN YANG DI MEDIASI BERDASARKAN PERMA NOMOR 1 TAHUN 2008

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    AAN Roy Sumardika

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Mediation process means dispute resolution through negotiation process for obtaining a peace agreement between the parties by using a third party in settling the dispute. Article 130 HIR/154 RBg determines peace efforts may use since the trial began before a judge hands down the dispute. Mediation as part of the Alternative Dispute Resolution is a process outside the court, but Indonesian Supreme Court Rules No. 1/2008 integrates it in the court proceedings and allows the mediation process at the level of legal remedy. So the problem investigated is the court decision re-mediated and the peace agreement mediation results. The method used normative legal research by Legislation Approach and to deepen the research study also use a Legal Concept Analysis Approach which is intended to establish a view and legal arguments in solving the problem at hand. Case that has been decided by the courts is not possible to re-mediated. The mediation process at the level of legal remedy is contrary to the law, especially the provisions of Article 130 HIR / 154 RBg. Indonesian Supreme Court Rules as rules are hierarchically under the law (HIR/RBg not justified material being regulated substance exceeding material are governed by higher laws. So Indonesian Supreme Court Rules No. 1/2008 can not be a legal basis to regulate the integration of mediation into the docket particularly about mediation at the level of legal remedy because the principle of lex superiori derogat legi inferiori and the principle of lex specialis derogat legi generali not met.

  8. Penentuan Kadar Minyak Dan Asam Lemak Bebas (ALB) Tandan Buah Segar (TBS) Berdasarkan Derajat Kematangan Buah Di PTP.Nusantara III PKS (Pabrik Kelapa Sawit) Sei Mangkei

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    Silitonga, Winda Wahyuni

    2011-01-01

    Oil Palm Factory Sei Mangkei cultivate FFB (Fresh Fruit Bunch) Tenera variety to produce Crude Palm Oil (CPO) and Palm Kernel Oil (PKO). The oil degree and FFA (Free Fatty Acid) of the palm fruit influenced by several factors such as plants variety, plants maintenance, fresh fruit bunch quality, plants age, the fruit maturity level, the fresh fruit bunch transportation to factory, and the processing condition at the oil palm factory. The limitation of this writing troubleshoot discussion is o...

  9. Analisis Yuridis Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Nasabah Menggunakan Produk Bank Berdasarkan Informasi Atas Iklan Produk Bank Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1999 Tengtang Perlindungan Konsumen

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    Sihombing, Martina Juliance P. B.

    2016-01-01

    In the world of banking, all business operations performed by a bank need to be introduced to the public by providing good and proper information services that can attract public customer’s attention to know more about the products offered and be interested in use them. But, with the market which is increasingly competitive, advertising them as interestingly as possible and offering certain facilities to the prospective customers without realizing that the advertisement leads t...

  10. Perbedaan Stres Kerja Berdasarkan Shift Kerja Pada Pekerja Bagian Electrical Field Service Di Pt Baker Hughes Indonesia Duri-Riau Tahun 2013

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    Hasibuan, Mayan Sari

    2016-01-01

    Job stress disorder is the negative reaction that arising caused by work performed. A variety of factors can contribute to a person feeling stressed at work including the work shift, where workers will experience a different work situations between the day shift and night shift. This research is aimed to look the differences work related stress that occurred due to the work shift on electrical field service workers at PT. Baker Hughes Indonesia Duri-Riau, 2013. This research is an analytic...

  11. ANALISIS PENGARUH ANGGARAN BIAYA OPERASIONAL DAN ANGGARAN PENDAPATAN TERHADAP KINERJA KEUANGAN BERDASARKAN RASIO RETURN ON ASSET (ROA) PADA PT PLN (PERSERO) PUSAT

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    Mansyur, Anwar; Pahlevi, Cepi; Pakki, Erlina

    2011-01-01

    This research describes the influence of operational cost budgets and revenue budgets to the financial performance based on the ratio of return on assets (ROA) at Center of PT PLN (Persero). This research aims to find empirical evidence, which supports the conjecture that the operational cost budgets and revenue budgets significant effect on the financial performance of the company based on the value of ROA. In this research, samples taken were 11 years of financial statements and budget...

  12. Model Sistem Dinamis Ruang Terbuka Hijau Kota Medan Berdasarkan Faktor - Faktor Lingkungan (Studi Kasus Di Kecamatan Medan Polonia Dan Medan Area)

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    Faizah, Fitrina

    2011-01-01

    The research was conducted in 2 ( two ) subdistrict in Medan City, that were Medan Polonia and Medan Area subdistricts from October to November 2009. The aim of this research is to descript the dynamic system model of Green Open Space (GOS) which in Medan Polonia and Medan Area subdistricts. The model was used a dynamic system method of Powersim 2.5 program. The model was constructed there were sub system broad of region, population, to the amount of vehicle and plant (tree). Simulation resul...

  13. PERAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM MEWUJUDKAN HUTAN KONSERVASI BERDASARKAN UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 41 TAHUN 1999 TENTANG KEHUTANAN (Studi di Kabupaten Kuningan

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    Suwari Akhmaddhian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Kuningan, local government districts declared as a conservation district. Kuningan district government coordination and cooperation with regard to conservation, namely: First, they Policy-makers need to understand how awareness of water conservation can help solve water shortage pro-blems while providing economic and social benefits, making environmental regulations that support conservation; Second, Water managers and the role of experts involved in the planning, develop-ment, and management of the water system, including managers and scientists working for the preservation of the environment is to create a reservoir as well as the urban forest in order to streng-then the conservation and Third . Mass Media and Educators, their knowledge of the water sector may be little but they are experts in public relations, communications, marketing, and education is to create programs that support conservation programs such as Seruling (Students are concerned about the environment, Apel (Apparatus care environment Pepeling (Bridal care for the environ-ment and the Car Free day car-free day program. Kuningan district invites the public to play a role in realizing kuningan participate as a conservation district that is the existence of programs that support the conservation of water resources.

  14. Implementasi Mikrokontroler Atmega 8535 pada Panel Surya Statis dan Panel Surya Dinamis Berdasarkan Waktu Menggunakan Real Time Clock (RTC) DS1307

    OpenAIRE

    Syahrial, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    The increase in human population are demanding the renewal of natural resources to meet various needs. For example, the needs of electrical energy that greatly influences the development and technology of a some region. Electrical energy is one of the vital part that should be always exist. For that is needed a new electric energy source that can be replace the source of electrical energy before. This research aims to make a simulation tools of solar power plant or called solar cells. This si...

  15. KERAGAMAN GENETIK DRINGO (Acorus calamus L. YANG DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA BEBERAPA ETNIS DI INDONESIA BERDASARKAN INTER-SIMPLE SEQUENCE REPEATS (ISSR

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    Dyah Subositi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Dringo (Acorus calamus L. used as medicinal plant in Indonesian ethnic groups. Those information based on Ristoja 2012 research. The objective of Ristoja was to provide a database of local ethnomedicine knowledge, herbal formula and medicinal plant in Indonesia. Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR markers were used to assess the genetic diversity of Dringo from 20 selected ethnic groups in Indonesia. Ten selected ISSR primers generated 82 amplified fragments with 51,2% were polymorphic. Dice coefficient was used to calculate similarity index and UPGMA was used to construct a dendogram. The genetic similarity index among accessions ranged from 76,7-100% thus indicating that low level of genetic diversity in dringo. Genetic diversity database can be useful for medicinal plant mapping and conservation especially for in situ conservation. Keywords: Dringo (Acorus calamus L., database, genetic diversity, Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR

  16. Optimasi Proses Koagulasi Dalam Penjernihan Air Limbah Di Pt. Sinar Oleochemical International (Soci) Medan Berdasarkan Pengaruh Konsentrasi Penambahan Poli Aluminium Klorida Untuk Menurunkan Turbiditas Air Limbah

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    Yolven

    2011-01-01

    One of the wastewater treatments at PT. Sinar Oleochemical International (SOCI) is Coagulation and Flocculation. Coagulation process is conducted by adding Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC) as coagulant which has to be added under certain circumstances. One of the factors affecting the work of PAC is pH-level of wastewater, and due to the fact of that, Natrium Hydroxide should be added to control the pH-level of wastewater. With the help of NaOH to keep the pH-level remain at 8, the concentration...

  17. Sistem Usahatani Bunga Pot Berdasarkan Jenis Tanaman (Study Kasus : Desa Bangun Sari, Kecamatan Tanjung Morawa, Kabupaten Deli Serdang, Propinsi Sumatera Utara)

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    Mariati, Rini

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Juli 2003 sampai bulan Agustus 2003. Adapun hal yang melatar belakangi penulis dalam pengambilan judul skripsi ini dikarenakan akhir-akhir ini penggemar tanaman hias semakin meningkat sejalan dengan meningkatnya status sosial, ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi. Dimana dalam hal ini bunga pot sangat identik dengan tanaman hias. Dengan demikian tanaman hias mempunyai prospek yang sangat baik bila dikembangkan sebagai usaha agrobisnis. Adapun kesimpulan yang d...

  18. PEMBERIAN MP-ASI DAN STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 6-24 BULAN BERDASARKAN INDEKS BB/U DI DESA BAN KECAMATAN KUBU TAHUN 2014

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    Muhammad Akmal Hakim

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available THE PROVISION OF COMPLEMENTARY FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF BABY AGE 6-24 MONTH BASED ON WEIGHT/AGE INDEX IN BAN VILLAGE, KUBU DISTRICT ABSTRACT The provision of complementary foods (solids early or too late will cause the baby susceptible to infectious diseases, allergies, nutritional deficiencies, and excess nutrients, which can lead to malnutrition and impaired growth. This research is to know the description the provision of complementary feeding and nutritional status of infants aged 6-24 months.This study was a cross sectional study in Public Healthcare Centre (Puskesmas Kubu II with a sample of 81 people were selected by convenient sampling. As the sample is domiciled in infants Puskesmas Kubu II, and the exclusion criteria are infants with chronic infections, chronic diseases, congenital abnormalities and neurological defects. Data collection using questionnaires to a sample of parents selected as responders and weight measurements of the samples. Data analysis was performed univariate and bivariate. The result is from 81 samples obtained 59 samples were not given timely complementary feeding. Malnutrition status was found in 1 sample and 80 samples with good nutrition. Judging from the trend level of education and the provision of complementary feeding accuracy, the lower the level of research increasingly imprecise provision of complementary feeding. From the group of mothers with a high education level, 88.1% did not provide timely complementary feeding. In granting the accuracy of the distribution of complementary feeding on the nutritional status, the provision of timely complementary feeding not found one case of malnutrition (1.7% and 58 well-nourished (98.3. While the provision of timely complementary feeding found 22 cases of good nutrition (100%. Keywords: breast milk complementary feeding, bad nutrition, good nutrition

  19. Efektifitas Dance Movement Therapy Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Matrikulasi Penyambutan Mahasiswa Baru Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2012 berdasarkan Hassles Assesment Scale for Student in College

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    Lais, Deny

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Every teenager will experience the transition into adulthood through a variety of ways, one of which is in his education as when they enter the world of lectures in which major changes occurred in a person's life from a senior in high school to be a freshman in college. Dance/Movement Therapy is an alternative therapy to deal with cases of stress in teenagers which invite a teenager, whether male or female, to engage in a development experience the interaction of body, mind and ...

  20. Perlindungan Hukum Hak Keperdataan Warga Masyarakat Di Atas Tanah Yang Berada Dalam Kawasan Hutan Berdasarkan SK Menteri Kehutanan RI No. 463/Menhut-II/2013 di Kota Batam.

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    Nuraini, Lia

    2015-01-01

    Appointment forests of Riau Islands Province was first carried out on the basis of Forestry Ministerial Decree No. 173 / Kpts-II / 1986 dated June 6, 1986 on the appointment of the Provincial Forest Area In Riau As provincial, Forest Area. The ministerial decision based on the result of an agreement among the various agencies dealing with space management. As a result of agreements between institutions, the Minister of Forestry is better known by the term forest Forest Land Use Agreement (TGH...

  1. Analisis Tingkat Kognitif Uji Kompetensi pada Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE) Matematika SMP/MTs Kelas VII Kurikulum 2013 Berdasarkan Taksonomi Bloom

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    Nancy Yunita Susanti; Dinawati Trapsilasiwi; Dian Kurniati

    2015-01-01

    Buku teks pelajaran berperan penting dan strategis dalam upaya meningkatkan mutu pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Buku teks dilengkapi dengan soal-soal latihan yang belum terklasifikasi tingkat kognitifnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kognitif soal uji kompetensi beserta persentase masing-masing tingkat kognitif soal uji kompetensi pada BSE Matematika SMP Kelas VII kurikulum 2013 semester 1 maupun semester 2. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif den...

  2. Analisis Tingkat Kognitif Uji Kompetensi pada Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE Matematika SMP/MTs Kelas VII Kurikulum 2013 Berdasarkan Taksonomi Bloom

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    Nancy Yunita Susanti

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Buku teks pelajaran berperan penting dan strategis dalam upaya meningkatkan mutu pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Buku teks dilengkapi dengan soal-soal latihan yang belum terklasifikasi tingkat kognitifnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kognitif soal uji kompetensi beserta persentase masing-masing tingkat kognitif soal uji kompetensi pada BSE Matematika SMP Kelas VII kurikulum 2013 semester 1 maupun semester 2. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa soal uji kompetensi BSE Matematika semester 1 mencakup 9 variasi soal dari 24 variasi soal menurut tingkat kognitif Revisi Taksonomi Bloom. Dari 166 pertanyaan, terdapat 6.6% tingkat C2-faktual; 17% tingkat C2-konseptual; 22% tingkat C2-prosedural; 3% tingkat C3-faktual; 6.6% tingkat C3-konseptual; 28% tingkat C3-prosedural; 1.8% tingkat C4-konseptual; 14% tingkat C4-prosedural; 0.6% tingkat C6-konseptual; dan 0% pertanyaan tingkat yang lainnya. Sedangkan pada BSE Matematika semester 2 mencakup 11 variasi soal. Dari 170 pertanyaan terdapat 0.6% tingkat C1-faktual; 0.6% tingkat C1-konseptual; 2.9% tingkat C2-faktual; 15% tingkat C2-konseptual; 15% tingkat C2-prosedural; 8.2% tingkat C3-konseptual; 30% tingkat C3-prosedural; 4.7% tingkat C4-konseptual; 5.3% tingkat C4-prosedural; 14% tingkat C5-konseptual; 4.1% tingkat C6 konseptual; dan 0% tingkat yang lain.Textbooks have an important and strategic role in improving the quality of primary and secondary education. Textbook comes with practice questions are not yet classified the cognitive level. The aims of this study are determining the level of cognitive matter competency test along with the percentage of each level of cognitive matter competency test on BSE Class VII SMP Math curriculum 2013 1st half and 2nd semester. Type of research is descriptive research with a qualitative approach. It can be concluded that about half of the competency test BSE Mathematics 1 includes 9 variations of about 24 variations of matter according to the degree of cognitive Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. Of the 166 questions, there is a 6.6% rate of C2-factual; 17% C2-conceptual level; 22% C2-procedural level; 3% level C3-factual; 6.6% C3-conceptual level; 28% level of C3-procedural; 1.8% C4-conceptual level; 14% of C4-procedural level; 0.6% C6-conceptual level; and 0% of the questions that other level. While in the second half of BSE Mathematics includes 11 variations matter. Of the 170 questions contained 0.6% level of C1-factual; 0.6% C1-conceptual level; 2.9% rate of C2-factual; 15% C2-conceptual level; 15% C2-procedural level; 8.2% C3-conceptual level; 30% level of C3-procedural; 4.7% C4-conceptual level; 5.3% rate of C4-procedural; 14% of the C5-conceptual level; 4.1% C6 conceptual level; and the 0% level to another.

  3. UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN PERAWATAN PENAMBALAN GIGI TETAP PADA 7 PUSKESMAS Dl KOTA SURABAYA BERDASARKAN ORAL HEALTH IMPACT PROFILE (OHI-P

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    Oktarina Oktarina

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The target for ratio of dental filling to dental extraction by the Ministry of Health is 1 : 1. This ratio could be used to evaluate the performance of dental services at Public Health Centers (PHCs. Data from dental clinics in 7 (seven PHCsin Surabaya revealed the ratio between dental filling and dental extraction was 1 : 5.9 during January to August year 2003. The objective of this study was to develop dental filling service utilization improvement efforts at PHCs in Surabaya, with reference to Oral Health Impact Profile (OHI-P. This was an observational study with a cross sectional design. It was carried out during 18th August to 18th September year 2003. There were 183 respondents selected from patients of dental clinics of the 7 (seven Public Health Centers (PHCs in Surabaya. Result showed there were 4 (57.1% PHCs did not have clear and concise Standard Operating Procedures (SOP. Sixty three point three percents, 63.4% respondents said did not agree if had to visit several times for dental cares and almost all, 95.1% respondents mentioned that expenses for the dental cares was costly. There were 51.4% respondents who said that they experienced painfull at the time of dental cares for filling permanent dents. Furthermore, 98.9% respondents mentioned that caries dents had impact disturbing on chewing functions. The factors for dentist-patient interactions revealed to be 69.4% on favourable. It recommends to enhance dental filling service utilization improvement efforts for PHC. Key words: utilization, dental care, OHI-P

  4. Analisis Penggunaan Lahan Di Daerah Tangkapan Air Danau Toba Berdasarkan Model Answers Untuk Fungsi Daerah Aliran Sungai Yang Berkelanjutan (Study Kasus Sub DAS Aek Silang Hulu)

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    Sianturi, Hotmauli

    2011-01-01

    Lake Toba Catchment Area (LTCA) is the upstream of Asahan Toba Watershed that consist of 7 administration area which are namely Kabupaten Toba Samosir, Samosir, Humbang Hasundutan, Dairi, Karo, Simalungun and Tapanuli Utara. LTCA has several importan functions for farming and pasturing, water sources, fishering, tour destiny, water power generating of PT. INALUM etc. On the other hand LTCA has suffering severe degradation that indicated by drought in dry season, water flood during rainy seas...

  5. PERSAMAAN (EQUATION TINGGI BADAN MANUSIA USIA LANJUT (MANULA BERDASARKAN USIA DAN ETNIS PADA 6 PANTI TERPILIH DI DKI JAKARTA DAN TANGERANG TAHUN 2005

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    Fatmah

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The Equation of Prediction Stature Based on Age and Ethnic in Six Institutionalized Elderly at DKI Jakarta and Tangerang, Year 2005. Height is an important clinical indicator to derive body mass index (BMI predicting the nutritional status. However, height measurement in the elderly may impose some difficulties and the reliability isdoubtful. Equations estimating height from knee height parameter to predict stature in elderly i.e. Chumlea have been developed, but no one study has developed an equation for Indonesian population according to variety of ethnics. Therefore, a cross sectional study was conducted to develop equations using two types of anthropometric measurements(knee height and arm span for estimating stature in Indonesian elderly. A total of 217 elderly (aged 60 to 92 years oldfrom three major ethnic groups Javanese (56.7%, Chinese (31.3%, and others (12.0% participated in this study. Anthropometric measurement included body weight, height, arm span, and knee height were carried out by trained nutritionist. Inter and intra observer errors was calculated for each anthropometric measurement of arm span and kneeheight of elderly. Main findings of this study were the mean of age of Chinese was the highest among other ethnics; the most elderly suffered from underweight (43%; the distribution of mean knee height and arm span was almost similar in each ethnic group; there was a significant difference between knee height with stature in elderly women, and the highest correlation indicated by knee height in elderly women and arm span in elderly men. Chumlea equation showedtend to be under-estimate in stature of elderly men and over-estimate in stature of elderly women. In conclusion, standing height is an ideal technique for estimating the stature of elderly. However, in cases where its measurement is not possible or reliable, height can be estimated from proxy indicators of stature. In this study, arm span showed the highest correlation with standing height in elderly men, and knee height in elderly women.

  6. Analisa Keberadaan Asam Lemak Bebas Pada Minyak Goreng Jenis Curah Berdasarkan Waktu Pemakaian Pada Pedagang Gorengan Kaki Lima Di Kelurahan Padang Bulan Medan Tahun 2012

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    Sipayung, Anjelina Novasalina

    2013-01-01

    Types of bulk cooking oil is produced from palm oil filtering process only 1x so that the colors are different from the branded cooking oil is more clear. Oil use over and over again to experience destruction or damage caused by oil oxidation and hydrolysis of the oil molecules break down into acids. This process is getting bigger with the high heating and a long time during the frying of food. This study aims to determine the presence of free fatty acids on the type of cooking oil in bulk...

  7. Pelaksanaan Pengawasan Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH) Terhadap Pemanfaatan Air Tanah Oleh Hotel Di Kota Yogyakarta Berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 43 Tahun 2008

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    Udananto, Bonifacius Hugo

    2014-01-01

    The development of hotel in the city of Yogyakarta is undeniable, since the city of Yogyakarta is one of the cities of tourism in Indonesia, which has a distinctive attraction for domestic and foreign traveller. Nevertheless, with the increasing growth of hotels in the city of Yogyakarta, the need for ground water will be getting higher. If this issue is not properly controlled, could lead to the city of Yogyakarta on experiencing drought in the next few years.In conjunction wi...

  8. Prevalensi Fraktur Akar Gigi Molar Berdasarkan Umur Dan Jenis Kelamin Yang Dicabut Di Departemen Bedah Mulut Dan Maksilofasial RSGMP FKG USU Tahun 2010-2012

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    Devan, Natasha Devi A/P

    2015-01-01

    Manusia mempunyai 12 gigi molar permanen, yaitu 6 di maksila dan 6 di mandibula. Gigi molar merupakan gigi posterior yang memainkan peranan penting dalam pengunyahan makanan dan membentuk dimensi vertikal wajah. Selain itu, gigi molar berfungsi menjaga kesinambungan dalam lengkung gigi, yang seterusnya memelihara kesejajaran gigi lain. Gigi molar juga mempunyai peranan kecil dalam hal estetis untuk mendukung pipi. Umumnya, gigi molar mandibula mempunyai dua akar dan gigi molar maksila mempuny...

  9. Pola Makan dan Status Gizi Anak Balita Berdasarkan Karakteristik Keluarga di Kelurahan Pekan Dolok Masihul Kecamatan Dolok Masihul Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai Tahun 2011

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    Nadeak, Mardin H.

    2012-01-01

    One of the characteristic of the family is the level of family income. Families who have a medium socioeconomic level down, allowing the consumption of food and nutrition, especially among children under five-years old is low and this may affect the nutritional status children under five-years old. The general objective of this study is to determine the eating patterns nutritional status of under five children in terms of characteristics in Pekan Dolok Masihul District of Serda...

  10. Implementasi Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Dalam Kegiatan Usaha Pertambangan Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batu Bara

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    Kurniawan, Dominika Chandra

    2011-01-01

    CSR atau tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan merupakan tanggung jawab terhadap kegiatan perusahaan secara internal dan eksternal. Sesuai dengan Pasal 74 Undang-Undang Nomor 40 Tahun 2007 tentang Perseroan Terbatas bahwa perseroan yang menjalankan kegiatan usahanya di bidang dan/atau berkaitan dengan sumber daya alam wajib melaksanakan tanggung jawab sosial dan lingkungan, maka perusahaan pertambangan juga wajib melaksanakan tanggung jawab sosial dan lingkungan karena bergerak di bidang sumber da...

  11. Analisis Komparasi Usahatani Padi Sawah Berdasarkan Budidaya Nonorganik, Semiorganik, dan Organik (Studi Kasus: Desa Lubuk Bayas, Kec. Perbaungan, Kab. Serdang Bedagai)

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    Butar – butar, Yenny Laura

    2015-01-01

    The research was based on the changing in people’s desire throughout the world, particularly in Indonesia in consuming healthful food, free from chemical substances which are called organic food. One of the main commodities of organic food is organic rice which comes from organic rice plant. The objective of the research was to analyze comparatively farm, agricultural enterprise of rice plant, based of non-organic, semi-organic, and organic cultivation, viewed from total production cost, farm...

  12. Analisis Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility Berdasarkan Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI):Studi Kasus Perusahaan Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam (Persero) Tbk dan Timah (Persero) Tbk.

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    Nuraini Sari

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to provide an overview of the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the mining company's corporate sustainability report. It is also to analyze the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in corporate sustainability report with standard Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI) 3.1. Research was conducted in Batubara Bukit Asam (Persero) Tbk. and Timah (Persero) Tbk. on their corporate sustainability report for the year of 2012. The analysis was conducted...

  13. POTENSI Chromolaena odorata dan Tithonia diversifolia SEBAGAI SUMBER NUTRISI BAGI TANAMAN BERDASARKAN KECEPATAN DEKOMPOSISINYA (Studi Kasus di Desa Sobokerto Boyolali Jawa Tengah

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    - Pardono

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan pupuk anorganik dalam sistem peningkatan produksi tanaman menimbulkan masalah antara lain menipisnya bahan baku pembuatan pupuk. Upaya mencari alternatif bahan baku yang bersifat terbarukan mendesak dilakukan antara lain penggunaan pupuk organik. Bahan alami berupa tumbuhan seperti Chromolaena odorata dan Tithonia diversifolia sudah mulai dilakukan peneliti namun informasinya masih terbatas. Pengayaan informasi terhadap tumbuhan tersebut diperlukan agar diperoleh ketuntasan sehingga dapat segera dimanfaatkan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mempelajari potensi C. odorata dan T. diversifolia di suatu wilayah sehingga secara praktis dapat dimanfaatkan di wilayah penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa C.odorata dan T.diversifolia di Desa Sobokarto Boyolali ditengarai berlimpah, diyakini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk pupuk karena kandungan C/N bahan segar kategori rendah. Perubahan bentuk dari segar menjadi potongan basah atau kering serta serbuk mempercepat laju dekomposisi. Selama inkubasi C/N ratio mencapai <10. Laju dekomposisi tercepat dicapai C.odorata adalah bentuk serbuk, sedangkan T.diversifolia dalam bentuk potongan basah.

  14. POTENSI Chromolaena odorata dan Tithonia diversifolia SEBAGAI SUMBER NUTRISI BAGI TANAMAN BERDASARKAN KECEPATAN DEKOMPOSISINYA (Studi Kasus di Desa Sobokerto Boyolali Jawa Tengah)

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    - Pardono

    2011-01-01

    Penggunaan pupuk anorganik dalam sistem peningkatan produksi tanaman menimbulkan masalah antara lain menipisnya bahan baku pembuatan pupuk. Upaya mencari alternatif bahan baku yang bersifat terbarukan mendesak dilakukan antara lain penggunaan pupuk organik. Bahan alami berupa tumbuhan seperti Chromolaena odorata dan Tithonia diversifolia sudah mulai dilakukan peneliti namun informasinya masih terbatas. Pengayaan informasi terhadap tumbuhan tersebut diperlukan agar diperoleh ketuntasan sehingg...

  15. Analisis Pengungkapan Corporate Social Responsibility Berdasarkan Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI:Studi Kasus Perusahaan Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam (Persero Tbk dan Timah (Persero Tbk.

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    Nuraini Sari

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to provide an overview of the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR in the mining company's corporate sustainability report. It is also to analyze the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR in corporate sustainability report with standard Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI 3.1. Research was conducted in Batubara Bukit Asam (Persero Tbk. and Timah (Persero Tbk. on their corporate sustainability report for the year of 2012. The analysis was conducted on the presentation of economic performance indicator, environmental performance indicator, performance indicators of employment and workplace practices, human rights performance indicator, public performance indicator and performance indicator reported products liability provisions established in the GRI 3.1. The result is the two companies have disclosed CSR in accordance with GRI3.1. Batubara Bukit Asam (Persero Tbk and Timah (Persero Tbk have disclosed their performance indicators; and the average has exceeded 75%. However, the disclosure of each indicator and its aspects are not comprehensive.

  16. Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Ulkus Diabetikum pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus yang Dirawat Jalan dan Inap di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil dan RSI Ibnu Sina Padang

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    Rizky Loviana Roza

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakUlkus diabetikum adalah keadaan ditemukannya infeksi, tukak dan atau destruksi ke jaringan kulit yang paling dalam di kaki pada pasien Diabetes Mellitus (DM akibat abnormalitas saraf dan gangguan pembuluh darah arteri perifer. Ulkus diabetikum dapat dicegah dengan melakukan intervensi sederhana sehingga kejadian angka amputasi dapat diturunkan hingga 80%. Amputasi memberikan pengaruh besar terhadap seorang individu, tidak hanya dari segi kosmetik tapi juga kehilangan produktivitas, meningkatkan ketergantungan terhadap orang lain serta biaya mahal yang dikeluarkan untuk penyembuhan. Penelitian ini memberikan pengetahuan tentang faktor risiko terjadinya ulkus diabetikum agar angka mortalitas dan morbiditas dapat di kurangi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah retrospektif observasional dengan mengumpulkan data menggunakan wawancara, kuisoner, dan pemeriksaan fisik pada pasien diabetes mellitus yang di rawat jalan dan inap di RSUP DR. M. Djamil dan RSI Ibnu Sina Padang periode Januari-Maret 2014. Analisis data terhadap 6 variabel di dapatkan Jenis kelamin (p =0,595; OR=0,654 lama DM (p=1,000; OR = 1,158, neuropati (p=0,411; OR=1,833, PAD (p=0,004; OR, trauma (p=0, 02; OR= 4, dan perawatan kaki (p=1,000; OR=1,158. Berdasarkan uji statistik Chi-Square didapatkan 2 variabel yang memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan kejadian ulkus diabetikum yaitu PAD dan trauma. Sedangkan, hasil uji statistik regresi logistik ganda menyatakan bahwa lama DM, neuropati, PAD, riwayat trauma, dan perawatn kaki merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya ulkus diabetikum. PAD dan trauma adalah faktor yang paling berpengaruh.Kata kunci: faktor risiko, DM, ulkus diabetikumAbstractDiabetic foot ulcer is defined as the presence of infection, ulceration and/or destruction of deep tissues associated with neurologic abnormalities and various degrees of peripheral arterial disease (PAD in the lower limb on patients with diabetes. Foot ulceration is preventable, and relatively simple

  17. PERILAKU PEMANFAATAN POSYANDU HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN MORBIDITAS BALITA

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    Tjetjep Syarif Hidayat

    2012-11-01

    . Keywords: integrated health services, nutrition status and Morbidity Toddler Abstrak Latar belakang: Partisipasi masyarakat dalam memanfaatkan posyandu merupakan salah satu faktor penting dalam upaya peningkatkan kualitas kesehatan penduduk. Tujuan: Mempelajari pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan di posyandu hubungannyan dengan status gizi dan morbiditas balita. Metode: Data yang dianalisis adalah data Riset Kesehatan Dasar tahun  2007. Sampel  adalah rumahtangga balita dengan kelengkapan data status gizi, kejadian penyakit infeksi (morbiditas, dan pelayanan kesehatan di posyandu. Analisis deskriptif dilakukan secara bivariat untuk mendapatkan adanya hubungan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan di posyandu dengan status gizi dan morbiditas balita. Jumlah sampel 70210 rumahtangga yang punya anak balita. Variabel yang dianalisis adalah status gizi balita, morboditas balita dan pelayanan kesehatan. Data dianalisis secara bivariat dengan Chi-Square. Hasil: Diperoleh hasil yang menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (p<0,001 bahwa perilaku  ibu balita yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan lebih banyak balita dengan status gizi baik  dibandingkan dengan balita yang tidak memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan. Begitupula ibu balita balita yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan berbeda sangat nyata terhadap rendahnya kejadian penyakit (morbiditas balita dibandingkan dengan ibu balita balita yang tidak memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan (p<0,001. Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil analisisis data dapat disimpulkan bahwa: rumahtangga balita yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan, lebih banyak  balitanya berstatus gizi baik dan angka kesakitan rendah dibandingkan dengan yang tidak memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan. Saran: Pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan oleh masyarakat di Posyandu berkaitan dengan aktifitas kader dan keberadaan posyandu dekat dengan pemukiman. Agar kader mau bekerja dengan baik dan aktif perlu diberi penghargaan dengan mendapatkan pelayanan kesehatan gratis dan pelatihan. Kata Kunci

  18. Molecular detection of interleukin-1A +4845 G→T gene in aggresive periodontitis patients

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    Chiquita Prahasanti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Abundant researches had been conducted based on the clinical and histopathological pathogenesis of aggresive periodontitis. Nevertheless, there were still few researches which based on molecular biology, and especially related to gene polymorphism. This study was done based on IL-1A +4845G→T gene polymorphism in aggressive periodontitis patients. Purpose: The purpose of this tudy was to characterized the generic variation of IL-1A +4845G→T as a risk factor aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis. Methods: DNA from patients with aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis was taken determination of IL-1A +4845 G→T polimorphism was conducted with PCR-RFLP technique. Results: Homozygous allele TT polymorphism was not found in all samples, only allele GG (wild type and allele GT (heterozygous mutant were not affect aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis. Conclusion: The study showed there was no significant association between IL-1A +4845G→T gene polymorphism and aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis. Latar belakang: Penelitian tentang patogenesa periodontitis agresif berdasar klinis dan histopatologi telah banyak dilakukan, akan tetapi penelitian berdasar biologimolekuler terutama polimorfisme gen masih sangat jarang dilakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan berdasarkan pada polimorfisme gen IL-1A +4845G→T pada penderita periodontitis agresif. Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui variasi genetik dari IL-1A +4845G→T yang merupakan faktor risiko periodontitis agresif dan periodontitis kronis. Metode: DNA dari penderita periodontitis agresif dan periodontitis kronis diisolasi, selanjutnya dilakukan determinasi dari polimorfisme gen IL-1A +4845G→T dengan menggunakan teknik PCR-RFLP. Hasil: Pada seluruh sampel penelitian ini tidak dijumpai polimorfisme allel TT (homosigot mutan, yang didapat adalah jenis allel GG (wild type dan allel GT (heterosigot mutan yang tidak

  19. MOLECULAR APPROACH ON JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS (JE VECTOR CONFIRMATION IN SURABAYA EAST JAVA = PENDEKATAN MOLEKULER KONFIRMASI VEKTOR JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS (JE DI KOTA SURABAYA JAWA TIMUR

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    Widiarti Widiarti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHAbstractThe suspect cases of Japanese Encephalitis (JE from Surabaya City and Jombang regency was reported remain high with 39 people died, 30 defects, 39 sick and 66 healthy. Due to the reason, it is important to conduct a confirmation of JE vectors that take an important role in Surabaya. A study on the confirmation of Culex sp mosquito as the vector of JE have been conducted in Surabaya by the aim to reveal the specific species of JE vectors. The confirmation of JE vectors was carried out using (a molecular methods Reverse Transcryption-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR in Molecular Biology Laboratory Eijkman Institute Jakarta. The sampling of mosquitoes and larva survey were conducted in the area where suspected JE cases stayed which were Sidotopo Wetan, Kenjeran Subdistrict and Kedurus Village, Karang Pilang District Surabaya. The Culex sp species that have been collected were Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex bitaeniorhynchus, Culex gelidus and Culex vishnui. All the mosquitoes suspected as JE vectors were tested using RT-PCR method. By this method, the result showed only Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was positive JE virus. Based on these results we conclude that Cx. tritaeniorhynchus is the vector of JE in those areas, so that it can be useful as information for the program to perform a control or prevention further spread of JE in both areas.INDONESIANDilaporkannya kejadian kasus Japanese B Enchepalitis (JE dari Kota Surabaya dan Kabupaten Jombang yang cukup tinggi yaitu 39 orang meninggal, 30 cacat, 39 sakit dan 66 sehat, maka penting dilakukan suatu konfirmasi tentang vektor JE yang berperan di Kota Surabaya. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui vektor JE di Kota Surabaya. Konfirmasi vektor JE digunakan metode secara molekuler yaitu Reverse Transcryption-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR di Laboratorium Biologi Molekuler Lembaga Eijkman Jakarta. Pengambilan sampel nyamuk dilakukan di lingkungan dekat tersangka

  20. FAKTOR RISIKO FILARIASIS DI KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI

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    Santoso Santoso

    2013-11-01

    . Berdasarkan hal tersebut maka dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor risiko filariasis. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional dengan melakukan wawancara terhadap 412 orang responden yang meliputi 128 kasus dan 248 bukan kasus. Analisis data dilakukan secara multivariat. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa determinan faktor risiko kejadian filariasis di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi adalah adanya genangan air di sekitar rumah, waktu tempuh ke sarana kesehatan, perilaku pencegahan gigitan nyamuk di dalam rumah, lama tinggal, tingkat pendidikan dan jenis kelamin. Probabilitas orang dengan seluruh faktor risiko tersebut sebesar 95.9% untuk terinfeksi filariasis dengan OR 23,5 kali.Kata kunci: Filariasis, Faktor risiko, Muaro Jambi

  1. Kebutuhan Frekuensi untuk Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) Pita Lebar di Indonesia [Frequency Requirement for Broadband Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR)in Indonesia

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    Diah Yuniarti

    2015-01-01

    Permintaan akan pengembangan aplikasi Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) pita lebar terus meningkat dalam beberapa tahun terakhir seiring dengan kebutuhan untuk tanggap bencana yang lebih efisien dan efektif.  Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi kebutuhan frekuensi PPDR pita lebar di Indonesia yang meliputi kejadian harian (PP1) dan kejadian  darurat besar (PP2) pada pita frekuensi 400 MHz dan 800 MHz. Teknik pemodelan dan simulasi digunakan untuk menghitung kebutuhan frekuensi berdasar...

  2. KAPASITAS MOMEN BALOK PASCARETAK YANG DIPERKUAT DENGAN GFRP (GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER) YANG DILENGKAPI DENGAN SABUK (U-SHAPE STRAPS)

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    RATU, NASRADIL

    2014-01-01

    Salah satu inovasi dari konstruksi beton adalah perkuatan pada elemen-elemen struktur beton bertulang. Perkuatan struktur diperlukan pada struktur-struktur yang telah mengalami penurunan kekuatan akibat umur, pengaruh lingkungan, perubahan fungsi struktur, desain awal yang kurang, kelemahan perawatan, ataupun kejadian-kejadian alam seperti gempa bumi. Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Composite merupakan salah satu solusi yang banyak dipakai pada saat ini di dunia. Beberapa penelitian yan...

  3. Gambaran Learned Helplessness Pada Supir Angkutan Di Kota Medan Ditinjau Dari Explanatory Style

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    Sitompul, Eva Anggi

    2009-01-01

    Supir angkutan umum adalah salah satu jenis pekerjaan yang memiliki muatan stres yang besar. Pekerjaan ini memiliki peraturan, sistem yang tidak efisien, serta tuntutan kerja yang besar, yang mana tidak sebanding dengan apa yang individu peroleh dari pekerjaan itu. Kondisi yang sangat menekan ini membuat para supir angkutan umum merasa frustasi dan tidak berdaya. Ketidakberdayaan yang dialami supir tergantung pada bagaimana cara supir menjelaskan dan menginterpretasi kejadian-kejadian yang di...

  4. KEPUASAN PENGGUNA TERHADAP LMS BINUSMAYA: PERSPEKTIF IMPLEMENTASI CRM PADA INSTITUSI PENDIDIKAN UNTUK KARAKTERISTIK LAYANAN

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    Meyliana

    2011-11-01

    EUCS (End User Computing System dimana hipotesisnya diuji berdasarkan anlisis korelasi dan anlisis regresi serta menggunakan IPA (Importance Performance Analysis untuk melihat hal-hal yang perlu ditingkatkan dengan menghitung gap analisisnya. Berdasarkan anlisis korelasi, semua hipotesis H1 (ada hubungan diterima dan berdasarkan anlisis regresi, semua hipotesis H1 (berpengaruh diterima. Dan berdasarkan IPA, tiga dari lima variabel perlu peningkatan sebagai prioritas pertama. Sementara untuk prioritas kedua semua variabel perlu ditingkatkan.

  5. Abses Periodontal

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    Siregar, Dameria Fitriani

    2011-01-01

    Abses periodontal adalah suatu inflamasi purulen yang terlokalisir pada jaringan periodonsium. Abses periodontal ini dapat diklasifikasikan berdasarkan lokasi abses (abses gingiva, abses periodontal dan abses perikoronal), berdasarkan jalannya lesi (abses periodontal akut dan abses periodontal kronis) dan berdasarkan jumlah abses (abses periodontal tunggal dan abses periodontal kronis). Abses periodontal merupakan kasus darurat penyakit periodontal ketiga yang paling sering ...

  6. Analisis SWOT Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Keunggulan Bersaing Pada Salon Cleopatra

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    Syafitri, Yudhi

    2010-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis peranan analisis SWOT dalam upaya meningkatkan keunggulan bersaing pada Salon Cleopatra. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh penulis berdasarkan hasil dari penelitian yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT dan Matriks SPACE dengan strategi agresif yang dilakukan oleh Salon Cleopatra sudah cukup baik, akan tetapi Salon Cleopatra melakukan strategi berdasarkan pengalaman, insting dan keadaan pasar, bukan dilakukan berdasarkan strategi a...

  7. Hubungan Antara Nilai Ankle Brachial Index Dengan Jumlah Arteri Koroner Yang Mengalami Stenosis dan Kejadian Kardiovaskular Setelah 6 Bulan Penderita Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS. H. Adam Malik Medan

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    Minaswary, Rinelia

    2016-01-01

    The presence of peripheral arterial disease in patients with coronary artery disease and especially with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is associated with a poor cardiovascular disease. However, the majority of affected patients are assymptomatic and the condition is underdiagnosed. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) provides a simple method of diagnosis PAD. Aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of an abnormal ABI for identifying multivessel disease coronary artery disease in patient...

  8. Gambaran Tayangan Iklan Fast Food (Makanan Siap Saji) Di Televisi Dan Kebiasaan Makan Fast Food (Makanan Siap Saji) Dan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Pelajar Di Sma Swasta Cahaya Medan Tahun 2013

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    Gea, Rina Natalina

    2014-01-01

    Fast food TV commercials offer several kinds of fast food such as hamburger, pizza, fried chicken, and many more. It reacts to people’s tendency to consume fast food. It leads to the cause of overweight and the obesity. The purpose of the research is to analyze the relationship between fast food TV commercials and obesity on the students of SMA Swasta Cahaya Medan year 2013. The type of the research is an analytic research on 92 respondens which are randomly taken by proportionate strat...

  9. KEJADIAN OTITIS EKSTERNA PADA MASYARAKAT PENEBEL TABANAN DAN YANGAPI BANGLI YANG BERKUNJUNG KE BAKTI SOSIAL STAF MEDIS FUNGSIONAL TELINGA HIDUNG TENGGOROKAN FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA - RUMAH SAKIT UMUM PUSAT SANGLAH PADA TAHUN 2012

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    Putu Teguh Aryanugraha

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available INCIDENCE RATE OF OTITIS EXTERNA IN SOCIETY OF PENEBEL AND YANGAPI BANGLI WHO VISITED THE SOCIAL ACTIVITY EAR NOSE THROAT DIVISION FACULTY OF MEDICINE UDAYANA UNIVERSITY– SANGLAH GENERAL HOSPITAL IN 2012 ABSTRACT Indonesia is a tropical country which in some places have there own temperature and humidity criteria factors predisposing to otitis externa is usually triggered by the growth of fungi that are responsible for the onset of otitis externa. The research was conducted in two places, namely in the village of Penebel Tabanan and the village of Yangapi Bangli. The aim to determine the prevalence of otitis externa, especially in people who follow social events in the village Penebel and Yangapi. This research was carried out by quantitative descriptive design with a population that is affordable and Yangapi Penebel villagers who come to charity ENT Division Sanglah Hospital. The incidence of OE in the village Penebel was 6 of 66 patients and in the village Yangapi was 3 of 96 patients. Variants OE in the village of the same Penebel lot of male patients men and women with a lifespan of 41 years and above, whereas the incidence in the village OE Yangapi more on men with an age range 21-30 years. At this research showed otitis externa patients who come to social event in both villages were 9 people from 162 patients who came to the social event ENT Division Sanglah Hospital. Keywords : Otitis externa, Gender, Age, people of Penebel and Yangapi village.

  10. Hubungan Pemberian Mp-Asi Dini Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Infeksi Pada Bayi 0-6 Bulan Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sindar Raya Kecamatan Raya Kahean Kabupaten Simalungun Tahun 2012

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    Harahap, Dewi Sri Nauli

    2013-01-01

    Infancy is a critical period in human life. Infants of age 0-6 months can grow optimally by using breast milk for the first six months. However, in reality, before six months many babies have been given complementary breastfeeding. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of early complementary breastfeeding with the infection incidence of infants 0-6 months in working area of Sindar Raya Health Center. This type of research was the descriptive study with cross-sectional...

  11. Gambaran Higiene Sanitasi Pengolahan Makanan dan Kejadian Diare Serta Status Gizi Narapidana Laki-Laki Usia 18-20 Tahun di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Kelas II A Anak Tanjung Gusta Medan Tahun 2015

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    Alfia, Retno Galuh

    2016-01-01

    The safety food for consumption basically is a meal which is processing with concern on the principles of food hygiene and sanitation. If the food hygiene and sanitation come from bad food processing, so it will produce a source of disease transmission for those who consume and if health disfunction, it will eventually cause problems on nutritional status. The objective of this research is to describe the hygiene and sanitation of food processing, incidence of diarrhea and nutritional status ...

  12. Hubungan Perilaku, Higienitas Personal, dan Sanitasi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Kejadian Infeksi Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) pada Siswa-siswi SD Negeri 060925, Kelurahan Harjosari I, Kecamatan Medan Amplas 2015

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    Simorangkir, Hans Andre H

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Prevalence of Soil-Transmitted Helminthes (STH) infection among primary school students in Indonesia is still high. Factor causing the high number of the prevalence of STH is the poor awareness in hygine and inadequate environmental condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation of behavior, personal hygine, and home environment sanitation with the prevalence of STH infection in SD Negeri 060925 students Medan Amplas. Method: This study was...

  13. Estimasi Nilai VaR Dinamis Indeks Saham Menggunakan Peak-Over Threshold dan Block Maxima

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    Komang Dharmawan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Kejadian ekstrim pada bidang finansial pada periode 2008/2009  telah menyadarkan para praktisi maupun peneliti di bidang finansial untuk mengevaluasi kembali teknik-teknik pemodelan risiko finansial.  Ini menegaskan bahwa diperlukan model-model matematika atau teknik pemodelan yang lebih baik di bidang manajemen risiko finansial yang dapat mengatisipasi adanya kejadian-kejadian yang jarang muncul seperti pada periode tahun tersebut di atas. Metode yang paling sesuai dalam menangani kejadian kejadian ekstrim seperti ini adalah Extreme Value Theory (EVT. Dalam pemodelan Value at Risk(VaR, tingkat pengembalian (return suatu data finansial biasanya ditaksir menggunakan suatu pendekatan yang mengasumsikan bahwa data tersebut terdistrubusi secara normal. Namun asumsi ini tidak merefleksikan perilaku nilai return yang sesungguhnya, sebab distribusi data finansial menunjukkan adanya ekor distribusi yang lebih gemuk (heavy-tail, yaitu ekor distribusi turun lebih pelan dibandingkan dengan ekor distribusi normal.  Ini berarti peluang munculnya nilai ekstrim lebih besar. Sehingga pendekatan secara konvensional dianggap mengabaikan nilai-nilai ekstrim ini. Paper ini membahas penerapkan EVT pada data finansial. Kemudian menghitung nilai VaR dinamis dari nilai indeks IHSG (Jakarta Stock Exchange periode 28 Desember 2007-28 Desembar 2012. EVT dipakai untuk memprediksi VaR statis dan EVT-GARCH(1,1 dipakai untuk memprediksi VaR dinamis.

  14. Peranan Badan Amil Zakat Berdasarkan Undang - Undang Nomor 38 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat Dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Sosial Masyarakat Sumatera Utara (Studi Pada Badan Amil Zakat Daerah Sumatera Utara)

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    Saifuddin

    2011-01-01

    Zakat is part of property with certain terms and condition whose owner is obliged by Allah Subhanawataala to give it to those who have the right to receive it under certain condition. Articles 6 and 7 of Law No.38/1999 on Zakat Management say that the organization implementing the zakat management is grouped into two such as Zakat Collecting Board and Zakat Collecting Institute. Zakat Collecting Board is established by the government so it is under the Department of Religious Affairs, while Z...

  15. Diagnosis Toksoplasmosis Kongenital Berdasarkan Gen Surface Antigen-1 Toxoplama gondii Isolat Lokal Menggunakan Polymerase Chain Reaction (DIAGNOSIS OF CONGENITAL TOXOPLASMOSIS BASED ON SURFACE ANTIGEN -1 GENE OF LOCAL ISOLATE TOXOPLASMA GONDII USING POLY

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    Dwi Priyowidodo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Congenital toxoplasmosis has an important role in the transmission of toxoplasmosis in animals andhumans. Thus, a rapid and an accurate diagnostic method is needed. The aim of this study was to conductthe diagnosis technique of congenital toxoplasmosis in mice based on surface antigen-1 (SAG-1 gene oflocal isolates (IS-1 T. gondii using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR. A total of 15 pregnant mice Balb/C strain with the aged of eight weeks were used as experimental animal. Mice were intraperitoneallyinfected with 103tachizoit of T. gondii RH strain at day 9th of gestation. Amniotic fluids, blood, fetus, andplacenta then were collected at day 1, 2 , 3, 4 and 5 post infection. DNA was extracted from the abovesamples using PureLinkTM Genomic DNA Kit (Invitrogen, Life Technologies, US, and then amplified byusing specific primer based on SAG-1 gene of the local isolate T. gondii. This study shows that positivePCR result were seen in all samples of amniotic fluids at day 2 up to day 5 post infection. Fetus andplacenta samples also show positive PCR result at 3 up to day 5 post infection. Negative PCR result showsin blood samples, however. To conclude, PCR technique using SAG-1 gene of local isolates T. gondii as atarget gene, could be used to detect congenital toxoplasmosis from infected mouse samples such as, amnionfluids, fetus, and placenta. Further research was needed to apply the PCR method with SAG-1 gene of localisolate T. gondiion the human samples of congenital toxoplasmosis.

  16. Jatuhnya Hak Hadhanah Kepada Orang Tua Laki-Laki Karena Perceraian Berdasarkan Putusan Pengadilan Agama. (Studi Pada Putusan Pengadilan Agama Medan No. 1521/Pdt.G/2011/PA.Mdn)

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    Razi, TM. Fahrul

    2015-01-01

    Anak merupakan amanah dari Allah SWT dan penerus kehidupan manusia, anak juga sangat membutuhkan kasih sayang dari kedua orang tuanya dan juga berhak memperoleh pengasuhan, perlindungan, pemeliharaan dan pendidikan dari kedua orang tuanya sampai anak tersebut tumbuh dewasa/ dapat berdiri sendiri. Dari sisi lain dapat dilihat bila orang tua bercerai permasalahan yang paling sangat berpengaruh yaitu terhadap anak tersebut, siapa yang menanggung biaya hidupnya dan siapa pula yang berhak menanggu...

  17. PENENTUAN UMUR SIMPAN TORTILLA DENGAN METODE AKSELERASI BERDASARKAN KADAR AIR KRITIS SERTA PEMODELAN KETEPATAN SORPSI ISOTHERMINYA [Shelf Life Study of Tortilla Using Accelerated Shelf Life Testing (ASLT Method and its Mathematical Modeling of Moisture Sorption Isotherms

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    Slamet Budijanto*

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT method was used to determine the shelf life of tortilla chips based on critical moisture content approach. Crispiness was found to be the critical parameter in tortilla chips deterioation. The curve of moisture sorption isotherm was resulted by plotting water activity values (aw and equilibrium moisture contents (Me using eight salts with RH values at range of 11.3-90.3%. There were five models of sorption isotherm tested, namely Hasley, Chen-Clayton, Henderson, Caurie, dan Oswin model. Conclusively, Oswin model was the suitable one to depict the sorptions isotherm phenomenon in tortilla chips with MRD value of 2.33. By gathering all variables to be used in Labuza’s equation, the shelf life of tortilla chips at 38oC and 70% of RH was about 56 days.

  18. Deteksi Umur Pubertas Muncak (Muntiacus muntjak muntjak Betina Berdasarkan Analisis Metabolit Estrogen dan Progesteron pada Feses (THE AGE OF PUBERTY DETECTION IN FEMALE BARKING DEER (MUNTIACUS MUNTJAC MUNTJAC BASED ON FAECAL ESTROGEN AND PROGESTERONE A

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    Asri Pudjirahaju

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge and information about the age of puberty in muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac muntjac isindispensable to the interests of females breeding in conservation efforts. The aims of this study were todetermine the age of puberty and age at first mated females muntjac kept in captivity through the analysisof estrogen and progesterone metabolites in feces. This study used 155 fecal samples that were collectedfrom three female muntjacs. Sample collection was began when muntjac aged three months, four monthsand six months. Total of 10-20 g fecal samples were collected every 2-4 days. Analysis of steroid hormonemetabolites was performed by using enzyme immunoassay (EIA method with specific antibodies.Determination of the age of puberty was based on the appearance of the first time estrus and ovulation,which was indicated by the appearance of the highest estrogens secretion, on hormone metabolites profile.Hormone metabolites data then were tabulated in the average and standard deviations were presentedwith graphs and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the age of puberty detection based onanalysis of the estrogens and progesterone metabolite in the feces can be applied in muntjac. Muntjacfemales kept in captivity flats reached puberty at age 5±1 month or 4-6 months range. It is recommendedthe first mated in the muntjac is at least after the female experienced two period of oestrous or has reachedat age of six months.

  19. Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Illegal Logging (Pembalakan Liar) Sebagai Kejahatan Kehutanan Berdasarkan Undang-Undang No.41 Tahun 1999 Tentang Kehutanan Dan Undang-Undang No. 18 Tahun 2013 Tentang Pencegahan Dan Pemberantasan Perusakan Hutan

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    Barus, Ramsi Meifati

    2015-01-01

    Continuous destruction of natural forest has caused the decrease in the forest area. The problem of criminal act in forestry, especially illegal logging, is a very complicated problem to be coped with since the criminal act is very serious, wellorganized, and has inter-state range. The people’s lack of knowledge in the importance of forest for human benefit and the weakness of law has caused the complexity of any effort to handle illegal logging. The modus operandi is usually v...

  20. Efektifitas Dance/Movement Therapy terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Matrikulasi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2012 Berdasarkan Perceived Stress Scale dan Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale

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    Arista, Vera

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Enter the world of College is a major change in one's life including the transition from high school senior to be a freshman in college. Dance/Movement Therapy is an alternative strategy to deal with the case of stress in teenagers. Dance/Movement Therapy invites a teenager, whether male or female, to engage in a development experience of interaction aimed at defining sense of self. Methods. The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of Dance/Movement The...

  1. Tinjauan Yuridis Perjanjian Perceraian Berdasarkan Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata dan Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan (Studi Kasus Perjanjian Perceraian antara Misno-Ny. Eko Saryuningtyas dan Sudarman Soh-Dewi)

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    Gunadi, Kiki Annivia Pravita

    2015-01-01

    Every human being has a desire to get married, only once and forever. However, maintaining a married life which unites two individuals with different personality and different interest is difficult; therefore, many marriages end with divorces. The divorce itself frequently causes new problem so that many people attempt to make Divorce Contracts in order to prevent from the problem. The objective of the research was to know the provisions in the Civil Code and Law no. 1/1974 ...

  2. Penentuan Keberhasilan Involusi Uterus Sapi Perah Friesian Holstein Berdasarkan Kadar Estrogen Setelah Beberapa Penginjeksian Selenium-Vitamin E (DETERMINATION OF THE SUCCESS UTERINE INVOLUTION IN FRIESIAN HOLSTEIN DAIRY COW BASED ESTROGEN LEVELS AFTER MU

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    Widya Ayu Prasdini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to determine the effectiveness of selenium-vitamin ETM to the increasedlevels of estrogen as a sign of completion uterine involution process in dairy cows Frisian Holstein (FHafter calving. Twenty pragnant FH cows were used in this experiment. The cows devided into four groups.The first group (as control, P0 was not given selenium-vitamin ETM, the second group (P1 was given 0.5mg/mL selenium + 50 mg/mL vitamin ETM, the third group (P2 was given 1,5 mg/mL selenium + 50 mg/mLvitamin ETM and the fourth group (P3 was given 2 mg/mL selenium + 100 mg/mL vitamin ETM. Theadministration of selenium-vitamin ETM performed at the 7th months of pragnancy, 8th month of pragnancy,two weeks before calving, 7 and 14 days after calving intramuscularly. After calving, the serum of dairycows were taken for analysis of estrogen levels on the 25th day, the 45th, the 65th and current first postpartumestrus in the position of standing heat using Bovine Estrogen ELISA Kit (EST methode . The results of theanalysis of high estrogen levels on day 25, the 45th, the 65th and current first estrus days after giving birthin units of pg / mL found in treatment 3 (P3, which were a 8.94 ± 0.22; 9.64 ± 0.55; 9.86 ± 0.67and 10.14 ±0.84 respectively, but the fastest uterine involution based estrogen levels was in treatment 2 (P2 on the45th day with 9.12 ± 0.94 for the estrogen levels.. The conclusions of the study was the addition of seleniumand vitamin E at the 7th month of pragnancy until the 14th day after calving may significantly affecton theincreased levels of estrogen which indicates the success of uterine involution in dairy cows FH.

  3. Pemanfaatan Frekuensi Untuk Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR

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    Diah Yuniarti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Penanganan kejadian yang terkait dengan Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR di Indonesia yang merupakan negara yang rawan terhadap bencana dan permasalahan sosial membutuhkan komunikasi yang intensif. Penelitian ini mengkaji mengenai kondisi pemanfaatan frekuensi PPDR di Indonesia dan strategi pengembangan ke depannya dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem komunikasi pada instansi PPDR di Indonesia tidak mendukung interoperabilitas dalam penanganan kejadian PPDR yang terkoordinasi. Selain itu, pita frekuensi yang digunakan merupakan pita sempit yang tidak mendukung aplikasi video dan data kecepatan tinggi yang dibutuhkan dalam penanganan kejadian PPDR yang lebih efektif. Oleh karena itu, dalam perencanaan alokasi frekuensi ke depannya, pemerintah perlu mengintegrasikan pita lebar ke dalam perencanaan sistem Government Radio Network (GRN.

  4. FORMULASI BISKUIT PADAT SIAP-SANTAP UNTUK MAKANAN DARURAT (READY-TO-EAT-BISCUIT BARS FORMULATION FOR DISASTER-RELATED EMERGENCY SITUATION

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    Almasyhuri Almasyhuri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT In situation when the disaster occurres, people can be panic and can not manage appropriate food for the whole family. Therefore, it is required food supply from the authority to fulfill the nutrition need during emergency. For infants, there were milk and food products available in the market that can be given in such situation. However, for children and adults, there are no emergency food available in the market. Some post-disaster surveys indicates that food aid distributed during emergency situation only provides energy source rather than a complete nutrition. Furthermore, these foods still require processing before consumption. The aim of the study is to develop formulated ready-to-eat foods for children and adults that have a dense calories and protein that can be given in disaster-related emergency situation. The foods are produced in solid form, and has good acceptance by both panelist in laboratory and people in the field. In the early stages of research, six formulas in solid form are developed, three have savory taste and three are sweet. One formula that the most preferred by the panelist in the laboratory are chosen. The best formula is then given to field panelists in area of disaster to know their preference. Formula made from soy and sesame with sweet taste has the highest value compared with other types of formulas, and significantly different by Duncan's test from all formulas. In flavor and aroma attributes, this formula is not significantly different from others, however in crispiness; this formula has the best acceptance. The biscuits has energy 2.100 kcal per portion that 11.5 percent of the energy is from protein, 44.4 percent is from fat and the remaining 44 percent is from carbohydrates. Keywords: food formulation, ready-to-eat-biscuit, emergency food, disaster   Abstrak Dalam kejadian bencana alam masyarakat dapat menjadi panik dan tidak dapat menyediakan makanan keluarga, sehingga memerlukan bantuan makanan

  5. ANALISIS SITUASI DAN UPAYA PERBAIKAN GIZI BALITA DI TINGKAT KABUPATEN: STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN GARUT TAHUN 2008

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    Ni Ketut Aryastami

    2013-03-01

    intervention, nutrition state at the under-five years old ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Kurang gizi merupakan masalah utama kesehatan pada anak usia di bawah lima tahun (Balita sebagai predisposing faktor penyebab kematian di Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat. Kurang gizi dan penyakit adalah dua faktor yang saling berpengaruh dalam kejadian kurang gizi dan kematian. Studi ini dilakukan untuk menganalisa masalah kesehatan masyarakat dengan mempelajari determinan terkait kesehatan ibu dan anak. Metode: Disain studi adalah studi eksploratif melalui wawancara dan analisis data sekunder, pemecahan masalah dan analisa terhadap implementasi kebijakan. Hasil: Studi menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi gizi buruk cukup tinggi, yairu 5,7 bila dibandingkan dengan prevalensi untuk Jawa Barat (3,7 dan lndonesia (5,4 per 100 Balita. Berdasarkan indicator gizi BB/U, TB/U dan BB/TU, kabupaten Garut menghadapi masalah gizi akut (BB/U di atas 10% standar UNHCR dan masalah gizi kronis (TB/U di atas prevalensi nasional. Faktor terkait penyebab kematian Balita dan masalah gizi di kabupaten Garut antara lain: 1 faktor lingkungan dan sanitasi (termasuk kelahiran BBLR dan penyakit infeksi, 2 perilaku (kebersihan individu dan imunisasi anak, 3 pelayanan kesehatan (deteksi dini, management kasus, monitoring status gizi Balita, alokasi anggaran untuk program kesehatan ibu dan anak. Kesimpulan: Pemecahan masalah dalam program gizi harus dikembangkan secara inovatif di tingkat kabupaten dengan mengacu kepada goals dan strategi nasional. Intervensi gizi pada anak saja tidak cukup, tetapi ibu hamil yang mengalami masalah gizi kronik harus sejak awal dideteksi dan diintervensi dalam upaya mencegah terjadinya bayi lahir dengan berat badan rendah. Rekomendasi studi adalah intervensi tidak langsung ditingkat kabupaten, melalui penguatan system kesehatan dan gizi dengan melibatkan masyarakat, pemerintah lokal dan sector terkait, sebab seperti telah diketahui akar daripada masalah gizi adalah pada tingkat kemiskinan dan terkait

  6. ANALISIS MODEL FAKTOR RISIKO YANG MEMPENGARUHI INFEKSI KECACINGAN YANG DITULARKAN MELALUI TANAH PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI DISTRIK ARSO KABUPATEN KEEROM, PAPUA

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    Semuel Sandy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfeksi kecacingan yang ditularkan melalui tanah masih merupakan masalah kesehatan di daerah pedesaan. Parasit cacing yang paling banyak menginfeksi adalah Ascaris lumbricoides, Cacing tambang (hookworm dan Trichuris trichiura. Penyakit ini umumnya terkait dengan faktor sosial-ekonomi, perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui prevalensi infeksi kecacingan yang ditularkan melalui tanah pada siswa sekolah dasar (SD di Distrik Arso Kabupaten Keerom dan mengetahui hubungan infeksi kecacingan yang ditularkan melalui tanah terhadap status gizi, status anemia, sosial ekonomi orang tua murid, sanitasi lingkungan dan higiene perorangan. Penelitian menggunakan metode potong lintang (cross sectional dengan melakukan pengukuran antropometri tinggi badan, berat badan, pengukuran kadar Hb untuk melihat status anemia pada 224 murid SD di Distrik Arso Kabupaten Keerom. Pengumpulan data sosial-ekonomi, sanitasi, higiene perorangan mengunakan kuesioner. Pemeriksaan infeksi kecacingan menggunakan metode Kato-Katz dan pengukuran variable intensitas infeksi berdasarkan metode WHO. Analisis statistik bivariat dan multivariat digunakan untuk melihat variabel faktor risiko yang berperan dalam penularan infeksi kecacingan yang ditularkan melalui tanah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan infeksi kecacingan pada anak sekolah dasar didapatkan sebesar 29,9% dari 224 murid SD. Jumlah murid sekolah dasar yang terinfeksi ascariasis 23,2%, terinfeksi cacing tambang 7,6% dan terinfeksi trikhuriasis 4,9%. Sedangkan murid SD yang mengalami anemia 12,5% dan indeks massa tubuh (IMT kurang 79,5%. Hasil analisis multivariat menggunakan regresi logistik diperoleh variabel faktor risiko yang berkaitan dengan infeksi kecacingan STH yaitu: kebiasaan mencuci tangan sebelum makan dengan air dan sabun (OR = 0,33; 95% CI 0, 14-0, 78 dan nilai p = 0,012. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi kecacingan yang

  7. Pemanfaatan Frekuensi Untuk Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR)

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    Diah Yuniarti

    2014-01-01

    Penanganan kejadian yang terkait dengan Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) di Indonesia yang merupakan negara yang rawan terhadap bencana dan permasalahan sosial membutuhkan komunikasi yang intensif. Penelitian ini mengkaji mengenai kondisi pemanfaatan frekuensi PPDR di Indonesia dan strategi pengembangan ke depannya dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sistem komunikasi pada instansi PPDR di Indonesia tidak mendukung interoperabilitas dalam penangana...

  8. PELAPORAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PERBANKAN SYARIAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF SYARIAH ENTERPRISE THEORY (Studi Kasus pada Laporan Tahunan PT Bank Syariah Mandiri)

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    MANSUR, SYUHADA

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRAK SYUHADA MANSUR, A311 08 281. Pelaporan Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Perbankan Syariah Berdasarkan Perspektif Syariah Enterprise Theory, dibimbing oleh Dr. H. Abd. Hamid Habbe, SE., M.Si. (Pembimbing I) dan Drs. M. Achyar Ibrahim, M.Si., Ak. (Pembimbing II). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pelaporan tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan (Corporate Social Responsibility/CSR) pada perbankan syariah berdasarkan...

  9. Analisis Pengaruh Aktivitas Harian dan Usia Terhadap Pola Berjalan Orang Indonesia (Studi Kasus Kota Makassar)

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    Mulyadi; Ilham Bakri; Retnari Dian Mudiastuti; Nilda

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan parameter dasar pola berjalan orang Indonesia serta aktivitas harian dan usia terhadap parameter-parameter tersebut. Terdapat 270 partisipan yang dikelompokkan ke dalam enam kelompok berdasarkan usia untuk dan lima kelompok berdasarkan aktivitas harian, untuk dibandingkan pola berjalannya. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode pengukuran langsung dengan mengukur antropometri, merekam, serta menghitung pola berjalan (gait analysis) dari kelompok-kelo...

  10. PREFERENSI PEMBIAYAAN USAHA MIKRO DAN KECIL : PERSPEKTIF GENDER DAN ENTREPRENEURABILITY

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    Khaira Amalia Fachrudin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Preferensi pembiayaan dalam perusahaan besar lebih didasarkan pada karakteristik perusahaan tersebut.  Namun dalam usaha mikro dan kecil hal ini mungkin berbeda dan bergantung pada karakteristik pemiliknya seperti gender dan entrepreneurability.   Perbedaan gender mungkin juga membedakan entrepreneurability dan dukungan yang diterima.  Penelitian ini akan menguji apakah terdapat perbedaan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender, entrepreneurability berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan preferensi pembiayaan, serta perbedaan dukungan berdasarkan gender.  Sampel dari usaha mikro dan kecil yang bergerak dalam bidang kuliner  diuji dengan uji beda Independent Sample t Test dan kemudian dengan Crosstabulation untuk lebih memperinci hasilnya.  Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan  entrepreneurability, namun entrepreneurability berbeda signifikan berdasarkan gender dan juga ditemukan bahwa dukungan moral, tenaga, dan modal yang diterima pemilik usaha pria dan wanita tidak berbeda signifikan (p value lebih kecil dari 0.05.   Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat kesetaraan gender dalam pembiayaan usaha dan entrepreneurability lebih tinggi pada pria.  Pria pemilik usaha juga mendapatkan dukungan tenaga kerja yang lebih banyak daripada wanita.  Dukungan tenaga ini adalah salah satu bentuk  financial bootstrapping karena dapat mengurangi pembiayaan usaha

  11. Study on Spatial and Temporal Changes of Forest Cover Due to Canal Establishment in Peat Land Area, Central Kalimantan

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    I Nengah Surati Jaya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas tentang dampak dari pembangunan saluran irigasi terhadap distribusi spasial hutan dun lahan terbuka di eks pengembangan lahan gambut, Kalimantan Tengah. Untuk mengetahui kondisi penutupan hutan sebelum dun sesudah pembangunan saluran, digunakan citra Landrat TM rekaman tahun 1996 (sebelum pembangunan, 1998 dun 1999 (sesudah pembangunan. Hipotesis yang digunakan adalah penurunan air tanah sebagai akibat dari pembuatan saluran telah menjadi "driving force" perusakan lahan. Indikator yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalahpersentase distribusi lateral dari penutupan hutan serta terbukanya lahan-lahan kosong basah maupun kering di sekitar kanal. Penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang sistematis antara penurunan persentase penutupan hutan dun peningkatan persentase luas lahan terbuka dengan jarak dari saluran-saluran air yang dibangun, khususnya pada areal A. B dan C dimana satuan lahannya didominasi oleh lahan gambut. Penelitian ini sekaligus menggambarkan tentang peranan CIS dalam evaluasi gejala pemicu terjadinya kerusakan lingkungan.

  12. Penentuan Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Ketertinggalan Kawasan Kabupaten Pamekasan

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    Riezky Ayudia Trinanda

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mngetahui faktor-faktor penyebab ketertinggalan kawasan di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Dalam Penelitian ini, menggunakan alat analisis yaitu analisis Delphi yang bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor yang mempengaruhi ketertinggalan kawasan di Kabupaten Pamekasan berdasarkan opini/pendapat para pakar/ stakeholders dengan menggunakan variabel yang diperoleh dari hasil tinjauan pustaka tinjauan teori. Penerapan teknik Delphi ini sesuai dengan tujuan dari proses identifikasi faktor yang mempengaruhi ketertinggalan kawasan di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Responden yang digunakan dalam identifikasi faktor ini merupakan responden dari hasil analisa stakeholder berdasarkan kepentingan dan pengaruhnya. Terhadap pengembangan kawasan tertinggal di Kabupaten Pamekasan.. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, diproleh faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi ketertinggalan kawasan

  13. OMEGA 6

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    Fivi Melva Diana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kejadian gizi kurang di Indonesia dari tahun ke tahun masihtinggi Penyebab tingginya angka kejadian gizi kurang di Indonesia salah satunya diduga karena kurangnya konsumsi makanan sumber omega 6, secara alami terdapat pada minyak biji-bijian, minyakjagung dan kacang kedelai. Omega 6 merupakan asam lemak tak jenuh ganda yang mempunyai banyak manfaat terutama untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan kecerdasan balita. Tulisan ini membahas tentang defenisi omega 6, sumber, klasifikasi, manfaat dan kerugian bila mengkonsumsi omega 6. Disarankan untuk melakukan penelitian lebih lanjut mengenai hubungan konsumsi omega 6 dengan tumbuh-kembang anak, selain itu bagi ibu-ibu disarankan untuk memperhatikan konsumsi makanan dari sumber omega 6 guna pengoptimalan tumbuh-kembang anak. Hal ini jika terlaksana dapat memberikan dukungan terhadap program pemerintah di bidang promosi kesehatan.

  14. Diagnosis Molekuler Virus Flu Burung-A Subtipe H5 Berdasarkan Amplifikasi Gen M dan H5 dengan Metode Onestep Simplex RT-PCR (MOLECULAR DIAGNOSIS OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE A AND SUBTYPE H5 BY AMPLIFICATION OF ITS M AND H5 GENES USING ONE STEP SIMPLEX R

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    Aris Haryanto

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Influenza A viruses which belong to the Family of Orthomyxoviridae are a group of viruses withsegmented ssRNA genome. The viruses can be subgroupped into many subtypes on the basis of theirsurface glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA and neuraminidase (NA proteins. Among the HA subtypes, H5and H7 have been found to be the most pathogenic. Conventional diagnosis of the viruses is usuallyperformed by isolation of the viruses in embryonated eggs, and hemagglutination (HA and hemagglutinationinhibition test. Although those methods are sensitive and accurate, they are time consuming and requirelaboratory facilities with high biosafety level. Commercial methods such as emzyme-linked immonosorbentassay (ELISA and immunoflurescense assay also provide a rapid result but less sensitive and specificthan conventional methods. Molecular diagnosis by amplification of M and H5 genes using one strepsimplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain eraction (RT-PCR provices a rapid and accurate diagnosisfor the viruses. A study was therefore conducted to evaluate the accurate and rapidity of such the moleculartests for diagnosis of avian influenza A virus, subtype H5. As many as 10 sample of the virus isolateswhich were available at the Animal Desease investigation Center in Wates, Yogyakarta, were uses in thisstudy. The virus isolates were firstly propagated in specific antigen negative (SAN chicken embryos andtested by HA/HI test. The viruses were then subjected for the RT-PCR test with varying annealingtemperatures of 500C and 520C. The result showed that all 10 isolates were type A influenza virus and 8out of 10 were influenza A subtype H5 influenza virus. RT-PCR used in this study appears to be moresensitive, rapid and accurate as compared to those by serological and isolation of the virus in embryonatedeggs.

  15. Pemodelan Numerik untuk Identifikasi Daerah Upwelling sebagai kriteria Lokasi Penangkapan Ikan di Selat Makassar

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    Mahie, Andi Galsan

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak Penelitian ini mengkaji dinamika upwelling di perairan Selat Makassar yang akan dijadikan pedoman dalam menentukan lokasi penangkapan ikan (fishing ground). Kajian ini menggunakan model hidrodinamika tiga-dimensi (3D), dengan gaya pembangkit arus: angin 6 jam-an dari National Center Environmental Prediction (NCEP) tahun 1997. Model hidrodinamika yang akan digunakan adalah model POM (Princeton Ocean Model). Dari penelitian ini diperoleh informasi yang detil tentang kejadian upwelli...

  16. Kajian Awal tentang b Value Gempa Bumi di Sumatra Tahun 1964-2013

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    Madlazim .

    2013-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian yang bertujuan untuk menganalisis tren gempa bumi di Sumatra dan kemungkinan implikasinya terhadap gempa bumi yang akan datang dengan menggunakan b value sebagai precursor. Data statistik gempa bumi yang digunakan adalah gempa bumi dengan magnitudo mulai dari 4 sampai 8,5 dan dengan kedalaman 0 sampai 70 km. Selanjutnya data tersebut dianalisis dengan metode statistik dengan formula empirik dari Gutenberg and Richter. Kecenderungan kejadian gempa bumi semakin menin...

  17. Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap, Sarana Dan Prasarana Serta Dukungan Petugas Kesehatan Dengan Pencegahan Penyakit Chikungunya Menggunakan Metode Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (Psn) Oleh Kepala Keluarga Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Nurussalam Kabupaten Aceh Timur

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    Harahap, Liswati

    2013-01-01

    Chikungunya merupakan sebuah penyakit yang disebabkan oleh virus Chikungunya (CHIKV) yang berasal dari benua Afrika. Di Provinsi Nangroe Aceh Darusalam (NAD) kasus chikungunya terjadi pada tahun 2000, dan menyebar ke daerah Kabupaten Aceh Timur pada tahun 2009 dengan kejadian luar biasa yakni terdapat 4403 kasus selama 8 bulan (April – November 2009). Kasus chikungunya menyebar di seluruh kecamatan yang ada di Kabupaten Aceh Timur, dengan kasus terbanyak terdapat di Puskesmas Nurus Salam yakn...

  18. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dengan Tingkat Kecemasan Remaja Puteri Tentang Dismenorhea di SMU Negeri 3 Medan Tahun 2010

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    Nita, Hasria

    2010-01-01

    Menstruasi merupakan peristiwa yang wajar dan alami, walaupun begitu pada kenyataannya banyak wanita yang mengalami masalah menstruasi di antaranya yang sering terjadi adalah dismenorhea (nyeri selama siklus haid). Angka kejadian nyeri haid di dunia sangat besar, hampir 50% dari kaum wanita pernah mengeluh karena sakit waktu haid pada masa remaja. Biasanya gangguan ini mencapai puncaknya pada umur 17-25 tahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan tingka...

  19. ANALISIS POLA MAKAN DAN ANEMIA GIZI BESI PADA REMAJA PUTRI KOTA BENGKULU

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    Desri Suryani; Riska Hafiani; Rinsesti Junita

    2016-01-01

    Anemia merupakan masalah gizi  yang paling utama di Indonesia. Anemia dapat disebabkan oleh penyakit infeksi, asupan zat gizi yang kurang, kehilangan darah (menstruasi) dan pengetahuan yang dimiliki. Remaja putri merupakan salah satu kelompok yang rawan menderita anemia. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pola makan dan  kejadian anemia gizi besi pada remaja putri di Kota Bengkulu. Metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain cross cectional. Populasi seluruh remaja putri SMP dan SMA di Ko...

  20. Pemantauan Daerah Rawan Banjir Berbasis Spasial

    OpenAIRE

    Fachri, Ridzqa

    2015-01-01

    Banjir merupakan salah satu peristiwa bencana alam yang sering melanda sejumlah negara termasuk Indonesia.Hingga saat ini kejadian banjir pun masih sulit dideteksi kemunculannya dan sulit dihindari atau dicegah kejadiannya.Oleh karena itu, untuk mengurangi kerugian-kerugian akibat banjir diperlukan suatu sistem penanggulangan banjir yang yang dapat melibatkan berbagai komponen sistem.Salah satu komponen sistem yang dapat digunakan adalah Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG).SIG dapat dimanfaatkan...