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Sample records for benzopinacol

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    under suction, wash the solid with 3-4 ml of ice-cold 2-propanol, and dry. The product, almost pure benzopinacol, is obtained in greater than 90% yield, m.p. 185-186 °C. Experiment 4. Reductive Chlorination of Diazonium Chloride with Cuprous Chloride (Sandmeyer reaction). Metal Salt for Radical Generation by Electron ...

  2. Synthesis, spectroscopy and photochemistry of novel branched fluorescent nitro-stilbene derivatives with benzopheonone groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Fang; Liu, Jian; Peng, Huayong; Hu, Nvdan; Li, Hongru; Zhang, Shengtao

    2010-05-01

    In this article, we presented novel nitro-stilbene derivatives with one or two benzophenone groups as photoinitiators via multi-steps synthesis. The ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy and the emission spectroscopy of the compounds were determined in various solvents. The results showed that the ultraviolet/visible absorption spectroscopy of the derivatives with benzophenone moiety displayed overlap effects of nitro-stilbene and benzophenone parts. In non-polar solvents, the derivatives exhibited strong emission, while they displayed weak emission in modest and strong polar solvents. Dyes-linked benzopheonone groups displayed stronger fluorescence emission than simple chromophore parent molecules. Visible-light photoinitiating effects of the derivatives were investigated extensively. Methyl methacrylate could be photoinitiated efficiently by the derivatives with benzophenone moieties at very low concentration, even at 1 x 10(-5) mol/L. While the photopolymerization efficiency of styrene initiated by the derivatives was lower than that of methyl methacrylate. Our results showed that the dye-linked photoinitators had more efficient photoinitiating than the simple mixture of dye and photoinitator. Furthermore, the derivative with two benzophenone groups displayed more excellent photoiniatiating effects than the derivative with one benzophenone group. Thermodynamics driving for the occurrence of visible-light photoinduced intramolecular electron transfer from chromophore part to benzophenone part was evaluated. Benzopinacol moiety produced in photoreaction was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonant spectroscopy. Thermal stability of the derivatives was analyzed.

  3. Photo catalytic reduction of benzophenone on TiO{sub 2}: Effect of preparation method and reaction conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albiter E, E.; Valenzuela Z, M. A.; Alfaro H, S.; Flores V, S. O.; Rios B, O.; Gonzalez A, V. J.; Cordova R, I., E-mail: mavalenz@ipn.m [IPN, Escuela Superior de Ingenieria Quimica e Industrias Extractivas, Laboratorio de Catalisis y Materiales, Zacatenco, 07738 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2010-07-01

    The photo catalytic reduction of benzophenone was studied focussing on improving the yield to benzhydrol. TiO{sub 2} was synthesized by means of a hydrothermal technique. TiO{sub 2} (Degussa TiO{sub 2}-P25) was used as a reference. Catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction and nitrogen physisorption. The photo catalytic reduction was carried out in a batch reactor at 25 C under nitrogen atmosphere, acetonitrile as solvent and isopropanol as electron donor. A 200 W Xe-Hg lamp ({lambda}= 360 nm) was employed as irradiation source. The chemical composition of the reaction system was determined by HPLC. Structural and textural properties of the synthesized TiO{sub 2} depended on the type of acid used during sol formation step. Using HCl, a higher specific surface area and narrower pore size distribution of TiO{sub 2} was obtained in comparison with acetic acid. As expected, the photochemical reduction of benzophenone yielded benzopinacol as main product, whereas, benzhydrol is only produced in presence of TiO{sub 2} (i.e. photo catalytic route). In general, the hydrothermally synthesized catalysts were less active and with a lower yield to benzhydrol. The optimal reaction conditions to highest values of benzhydrol yield (70-80%) were found at 2 g/L (catalyst loading) and 0.5 m M of initial concentration of benzophenone, using commercial TiO{sub 2}-P25. (Author)

  4. Photo catalytic reduction of benzophenone on TiO2: Effect of preparation method and reaction conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albiter E, E.; Valenzuela Z, M. A.; Alfaro H, S.; Flores V, S. O.; Rios B, O.; Gonzalez A, V. J.; Cordova R, I.

    2010-01-01

    The photo catalytic reduction of benzophenone was studied focussing on improving the yield to benzhydrol. TiO 2 was synthesized by means of a hydrothermal technique. TiO 2 (Degussa TiO 2 -P25) was used as a reference. Catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction and nitrogen physisorption. The photo catalytic reduction was carried out in a batch reactor at 25 C under nitrogen atmosphere, acetonitrile as solvent and isopropanol as electron donor. A 200 W Xe-Hg lamp (λ= 360 nm) was employed as irradiation source. The chemical composition of the reaction system was determined by HPLC. Structural and textural properties of the synthesized TiO 2 depended on the type of acid used during sol formation step. Using HCl, a higher specific surface area and narrower pore size distribution of TiO 2 was obtained in comparison with acetic acid. As expected, the photochemical reduction of benzophenone yielded benzopinacol as main product, whereas, benzhydrol is only produced in presence of TiO 2 (i.e. photo catalytic route). In general, the hydrothermally synthesized catalysts were less active and with a lower yield to benzhydrol. The optimal reaction conditions to highest values of benzhydrol yield (70-80%) were found at 2 g/L (catalyst loading) and 0.5 m M of initial concentration of benzophenone, using commercial TiO 2 -P25. (Author)