Sample records for benzanthracene

  1. Phorbol ester-modulation of estrogenic genomic effects triggered by the environmental contaminant benzanthracene. (United States)

    Kolasa, Elise; Balaguer, Patrick; Houlbert, Noémie; Fardel, Olivier


    Aryl hydrocarbon receptor-dependent genomic effects of environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been shown to be modulated by non-genomic protein kinase C (PKC)-related pathways. The present study was designed to determine whether PKC activation may also impair estrogenic genomic response triggered by PAHs. Treatment by the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was found to markedly and differentially impair the up-regulation of estrogenic markers triggered by the estrogenic PAH benzanthracene (BZA) in cultured human mammary cells; BZA-mediated mRNA up-regulation of pS2 and amphiregulin was thus increased, whereas that of progesterone receptor and CXCL12 was repressed. BZA/PMA cotreatment however failed to alter BZA-mediated increase of activity of a luciferase gene reporter construct driven by an estrogen response element, thus discarding any global effect of PMA toward BZA-triggered estrogen receptor activation. Various chemicals inhibiting PKCs or extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as well as the knock-down of PKCδ expression counteracted the PMA-mediated increase of pS2 mRNA up-regulation triggered by BZA, demonstrating that it was dependent on PKCs, including PKCδ isoform, and ERKs. This non-genomic modulation of estrogenic effects of PAHs by PKC activation may have to be considered when considering the deleterious effects of these environmental contaminants towards the endocrine system.

  2. Screening of virulence gene in golden hamster cheek poch mucosa carcinomatous change induced by 9,10-dimethylen-1,2-benzanthracene%苯并蒽诱导金黄地鼠颊黏膜癌变的重要致病基因筛选

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国栋; 杨凯; 梅杰


    目的 利用基因芯片和生物信息学分析技术探讨口腔黏膜癌变发生发展的不同阶段基因表达谱的改变,并筛选癌变的重要致病基因.方法 用9,10-二甲基1,2苯并蒽(9,10-dimethylen-1,2-benzanthracene,DMBA)诱导建立金黄地鼠颊鳞状细胞癌模型,分别提取并纯化正常颊黏膜、癌前病变和鳞状细胞癌组织的总RNA并合成用Cy3荧光标记的cRNA,分别与含有41 000条基因-表达序列标签(expressed sequence tags,EST)的Agilent大鼠全基因表达谱芯片杂交,以Ratio≥2和≤0.5为阈值确定癌变3个不同阶段的差异表达基因并分析相关生物信息,然后用Gene Spring10.0软件行Venn图分析,筛选出在口腔颊黏膜癌变发生发展的3个不同阶段均持续表达异常的基因,用反转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)对部分差异表达基因行验证分析.结果 金黄地鼠颊黏膜自正常黏膜到鳞状细胞癌的过程中,共有5255条差异表达基因,其中表达上调2896条,下调2359条.癌变的3个不同发展阶段均持续表达异常的基因共有22条,其中表达上调3条,下调19条.对上调基因Eaf-2和下调基因Ecg-2行RT-PCR验证结果与芯片结果相符.结论 口腔黏膜癌变涉及众多基因表达的改变;癌变的不同阶段均持续表达异常的基因可能为癌变的重要致病基因,对以上基因的探讨将对研究口腔黏膜癌变发生发展的分子机制和靶向治疗具有重要作用.%Objective To examine and analyze the global gene expression at the different stages of golden hamster cheek poch mucosa carcinomatous change induced by 9,10-dimethylen-1 ,2 benzanthracene (DMBA).Methods The model of golden hamster cheek poch squamous cell carcinoma was induced by DMBA.The RNA of normal mucosa, precancerous lesions and squamous cell carcinoma of fresh tissue of golden hamsters was extracted and purified and the cRNA labeled by fluorescent Cy3 synthesized, which respectively hybridized with the agilent rat c

  3. Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis of Chrysene and 1.2-Benzanthracence in Wax films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Md. Naziruddin Khan; A. S. Al-Dwayyan; Z. H. Zaidi


    @@ Chrysene and 1.2-benzanthracene are successfully doped in a solid wax film and their vibrational spectra in2000-400 cm- 1 are discussed. The harmonic frequencies and relative intensities of both the molecules observed in the film are compared with theoretical values calculated by the density functional theory (DFT) model as well as with the previous experimental data.

  4. Therapeutic effect of Semecarpus anacardium Linn. nut milk extract on carbohydrate metabolizing and mitochondrial TCA cycle and respiratory chain enzymes in mammary carcinoma rats. (United States)

    Arathi, G; Sachdanandam, P


    Semecarpus anacardium Linn. of the family Anacardiaceae has many applications in the Ayurvedic and Siddha systems of medicine. We have evaluated the effect of S. anacardium nut milk extract on carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes and mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle and respiratory enzymes in liver and kidney mitochondria of dimethyl benzanthracene-induced mammary carcinoma in Sprague-Dawley rats. Mammary carcinoma-bearing rats showed a significant rise in glycolytic enzymes (hexokinase, phosphoglucoisomerase and aldolase) and a simultaneous fall in gluconeogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose 1,6-diphosphatase). The activities of mitochondrial enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenase, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase, NADH-dehydrogenase and cytochrome C oxidase were significantly lowered in mammary carcinoma-bearing rats when compared with control rats. S. anacardium nut extract administration to tumour-induced animals significantly lowered the glycolytic enzyme activities (hexokinase, phosphoglucoisomerase and aldolase) and there was a rise in gluconeogenic enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose 1,6-diphosphatase), which indicated an antitumour and anticancer effect. Comparison of normal control rats and rats administered S. anacardium only as drug control animals showed no significant variations in enzyme activities. S. anacardium nut extract administration to dimethyl benzanthracene-tumour-induced animals significantly increased the activities of mitochondrial enzymes, thereby suggesting its role in mitochondrial energy production.

  5. Inner-shell excitation spectroscopy of fused-ring aromatic molecules by electron energy loss and X-ray Raman techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordon, M.L.; Tulumello, D.; Cooper, G.; Hitchcock, A.P.; Glatzel, P.; Mullins, O.C.; Cramer, S.P.; Bergmann, U. [McMaster University, Hamilton, ON (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry


    Oscillator strengths for C 1s excitation spectra of gaseous benzene, naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthracene, triphenylene, pyrene, and 1,2-benzanthracene have been derived from inner-shell electron energy loss spectroscopy recorded under scattering conditions where electric dipole transitions dominate (2.5 keV residual energy, theta {>=} 2{sup o} corresponding to a product of momentum transfer and C 1s orbital size (qr) of 0.08). These spectra are interpreted with the aid of ab initio calculations on selected species. They are compared to the C 1s spectra of solid samples of benzene, naphththalene, anthracene, triphenylene, and 1,2-benzanthracene, recorded with inelastic X-ray Raman scattering in the dipole limit (qr < 0.5). When differences in resolution are taken into account, good agreement is found between the inelastic electron scattering spectra of the gases and the inelastic photon scattering spectra of the corresponding solid. Small differences are attributed to quenching of transitions to Rydberg states in the solids. Characteristic differences related to the degree of symmetry or spatial arrangement of the fused ring aromatic hydrocarbons (e.g., linear versus bent structures) indicate that C 1s X-ray Raman spectroscopy should be useful for characterizing aromatics in bulk samples that are opaque to soft X-rays, such as coals and heavy hydrocarbon deposits.

  6. Evaluation of bioavailability, efficacy, and safety profile of doxorubicin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (United States)

    Patro, Nagaraju M.; Devi, Kshama; Pai, Roopa S.; Suresh, Sarasija


    We investigated the bioavailability, efficacy, and toxicity of doxorubicin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (DOX-SLNs) prepared by a simple modified double-emulsification method. A 3-factor, 3-level Box-Behnken statistical design was adopted in the optimization of DOX-SLN formulation considering dependent factors particle size and entrapment efficiency. Optimized SLN formulation composed of lipid (2 %) consisting of soya lecithin and Precirol ATO 5 (1:3) with Pluronic F68 (0.3 %) resulted in 217.36 ± 3.31 nm particle size and 59.45 ± 1.75 % entrapment efficiency. DOX-SLN exhibited significant enhancement ( p enzyme assay, antioxidant enzyme levels, hematological parameters, effect on body weight and tumor volume, tumor necrosis factor-α level, histopathological examination, and survival analysis confirmed the improved efficacy and safety profile of DOX-SLN in 7,12-dimethyl benzanthracene-induced breast cancer in SD rats.

  7. Effect of estrogen and antiestrogen therapy in rats bearing mesenchymal tumors. (United States)

    Remedi, M M; Demarchi, M; Hliba, E; Depiante-Depaoli, M


    We applied both hormonal and antiestrogen treatment in female Wistar rats to analyze the estrogen dependence of the growth of sarcomas induced with 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene. Animals bearing tumors of 10 mm in diameter were divided at random into five groups and submitted to different treatments during 24 weeks. The treatment with ovariectomy and tamoxifen in tumor-bearing animals resulted in tumor growth suppression and prolonged survival by a protection against the lethal tumor. On the other hand, the estrogen treatment exerted an adverse effect showing a faster growth of the tumors and a great decrease in survival. In summary, the antiestrogen treatment can have an antitumor effect in mesenchymal tumors, possibly by modifying the immunological status of the host.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Objective: To investigate the roles of telomerase activity (TA) in relation to hamster buccal pouch tumor progression. Methods: male hamster were treated three times weekly with 0.5% of 7, 12-dimethyl- benzanthracene (DMBA) over a 15 weeks experimental period. Hamsters were sacrificed at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 weeks after treatment. Telomerase activity of hamster buccal pouch tissue were measured along with the analyses of the formation of DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch tumors. Results: DMBA-induced squamous cell carcinomas were found at the 6th week after dosing. Telomerase activity elevation began at the 3rd week and was increasing to a plateau at the 12th week. Conclusion: Our results show that telomerase activity in the target tissue may be detected at the early stage of the DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch tumor formation and suggests that telomerase activity may be used as a biomarker for an early clinical detection of buccal pouch cancer.

  9. The role of phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway in regulating serotonin-induced oocyte maturation in Mercenaria mercenaria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qing; ZHANG Tao


    Serotonin (5-HT) has been found to stimulate meiotic maturation of oocytes in many molluscs. During maturation, several signaling pathways are involved, especially the phosphatidylinositol and cAMP pathways. In order to examine the possible role of the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway in regulating oocyte maturation in Mercenaria mercenaria, the effects of the activator/inhibitor of phospholipase (PLC) and protein kinase C (PKC) on serotonin-induced maturation were studied. Results show that high-concentrations of neomycin (inhibitor of PLC) blocked oocyte maturation, while 9, 10-dimethyl- 1, 2-benzanthracene (DMBA, activator of PLC) promoted oocyte maturation in the presence of serotonin. It was also found that in the presence of serotonin, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA,activator of PKC) inhibited oocyte maturation, while sphingosine (inhibitor of PKC) stimulated oocyte maturation. These results indicate that serotonin-induced oocyte maturation requires the activation of the phosphatidylinositol pathway. Decrease of PLC inhibited serotonin-induced oocyte maturation, whereas a decrease of PKC stimulated the maturation. Thus, our study indicates that serotonin promotes maturation of M. mercenaria oocytes through PLC stimulated increase in calcium ion concentration via inositol-1,4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3) but not PKC.

  10. The coupling of direct analysis in real time ionization to Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry for ultrahigh-resolution mass analysis. (United States)

    Rummel, Julia L; McKenna, Amy M; Marshall, Alan G; Eyler, John R; Powell, David H


    Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART) is an ambient ionization technique for mass spectrometry that provides rapid and sensitive analyses with little or no sample preparation. DART has been reported primarily for mass analyzers of low to moderate resolving power such as quadrupole ion traps and time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometers. In the current work, a custom-built DART source has been successfully coupled to two different Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometers for the first time. Comparison of spectra of the isobaric compounds, diisopropyl methylphosphonate and theophylline, acquired by 4.7 T FT-ICR MS and TOF MS, demonstrates that the TOF resolving power can be insufficient for compositionally complex samples. 9.4 T FT-ICR MS yielded the highest mass resolving power yet reported with DART ionization for 1,2-benzanthracene and 9,10-diphenylanthracene. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons exhibit a spatial dependence in ionization mechanisms between the DART source and the mass spectrometer. The feasibility of analyzing a variety of samples was established with the introduction and analysis of food products and crude oil samples. DART FT-ICR MS provides complex sample analysis that is rapid, highly selective and information-rich, but limited to relatively low-mass analytes.

  11. Two-photon autofluorescence spectroscopy of oral mucosa tissue (United States)

    Edward, Kert; Shilagard, Tuya; Qiu, Suimin; Vargas, Gracie


    The survival rate for individuals diagnosed with oral cancer is correlated with the stage of detection. Thus the development of novel techniques for the earliest possible detection of malignancies is of critical importance. Single photon (1P) autofluorescence spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful diagnostic tool in this regard, but 2P (two photon) spectroscopy remains essentially unexplored. In this investigation, a spectroscopic system was incorporated into a custom-built 2P laser scanning microscope. Oral cancer was induced in the buccal pouch of Syrian Golden hamsters by tri-weekly topical application of 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA).Three separated sites where investigated in each hamster at four excitation wavelengths from 780 nm to 890 nm. A Total of 8 hamsters were investigated (4 normal and 4 DMBA treated). All investigated sites were imaged via 2p imaging, marked for biopsy, processed for histology and H&E staining, and graded by a pathologist. The in vivo emission spectrum for normal, mild/high grade dysplasia and squamous cell carcinoma is presented. It is shown that the hamsters with various stages of dysplasia are characterized by spectral differences as a function of depth and excitation wavelength, compared to normal hamsters.

  12. Andrographolide inhibits oral squamous cell carcinogenesis through NF-κB inactivation. (United States)

    Wang, L-J; Zhou, X; Wang, W; Tang, F; Qi, C-L; Yang, X; Wu, S; Lin, Y-Q; Wang, J-T; Geng, J-G


    The NF-κB family of transcription factors is essential for promoting cell proliferation and preventing cell apoptosis. We have previously shown that Andrographolide (Andro) isolated from an herbal plant, Andrographis paniculata, covalently modifies reduced cysteine(62) in the oligonucleotide binding pocket of p50 for inhibition of NF-κB activation. Here we report that Andro, but not its inactive structural analog 4H-Andro, potently suppressed squamous cell carcinogenesis induced by 7,12-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) in the hamster model of cheek buccal pouch. Compared with 4H-Andro, Andro reduced phosphorylation of p65 (Ser536) and IκBα (Ser32/36) for inhibiting aberrant NF-κB activation, suppressed c-Myc and cyclin D1 expression and attenuated neoplastic cell proliferation, promoted cancerous cell apoptosis, and mitigated tumor-induced angiogenesis. Consistently, Andro retarded growth, decreased proliferation, and promoted apoptosis of Tb cells, a human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line, in time- and dose-dependent manners, with concomitant reduction of the expression of NF-κB targeting molecules in vitro. Our results thus demonstrate that NF-κB activation plays important roles in the pathogenesis of chemically induced squamous cell carcinoma. By inhibition of aberrant NF-κB activation, Andro treats chemically induced oral squamous cell carcinogenesis.

  13. The study of blue LED to induce fluorescence spectroscopy and fluorescence imaging for oral carcinoma detection (United States)

    Zheng, Longjiang; Hu, Yuanting


    Fluorescence spectroscopy and fluorescence imaging diagnosis of malignant lesions provides us with a new method to diagnose diseases in precancerous stage. Early diagnosis of disease has significant importance in cancer treatment, because most cancers can be cured well in precancerous, especially when the diffusion of cancer is limited in a restricted region. In this study, Golden hamster models were applied to 5% 9, 10 dimethyl-1, 2-benzanthracene (DMBA) to induce hamster buccal cheek pouch carcinoma three times a week. Rose Bengal, which has been used in clinican for years and avoids visible side-effect to human was chosen as photosensitizer. 405 nm blue LED was used to induce the fluorescence of photosensitizer. After topical application of photosensitizer, characteristic red emission fluorescence peak was observed around 600nm. Similar, normal oral cavity has special luminescence around 480nm. Fluorescence spectroscopy technology is based on analysing emission peaks of photosensitizer in the areas of oral carcinoma, moreover, red-to-green (IR/IG) intensity ratio is also applied as a diagnostic algorithm. A CCD which is connected with a computer is used to take pictures at carcinoma areas through different filters. Fluorescence images from normal hamster buccal cheek pouch are compared with those from carcinogen-induced models of carcinoma, and morphological differences between normal and lesion tissue can be distinguished. The pictures are analyzed by Matlab and shown on the screen of computer. This paper demonstrates that Rose Bengal could be used as photosensitizer to detect oral carcinoma, and blue LED as excitation source could not only have a good effect to diagnose oral carcinoma, but also decrease cost greatly.

  14. Bioluminescence imaging of estrogen receptor activity during breast cancer progression. (United States)

    Vantaggiato, Cristina; Dell'Omo, Giulia; Ramachandran, Balaji; Manni, Isabella; Radaelli, Enrico; Scanziani, Eugenio; Piaggio, Giulia; Maggi, Adriana; Ciana, Paolo


    Estrogen receptors (ER) are known to play an important regulatory role in mammary gland development as well as in its neoplastic transformation. Although several studies highlighted the contribution of ER signaling in the breast transformation, little is known about the dynamics of ER state of activity during carcinogenesis due to the lack of appropriate models for measuring the extent of receptor signaling in time, in the same animal. To this aim, we have developed a reporter mouse model for the non-invasive in vivo imaging of ER activity: the ERE-Luc reporter mouse. ERE-Luc is a transgenic mouse generated with a firefly luciferase (Luc) reporter gene driven by a minimal promoter containing an estrogen responsive element (ERE). This model allows to measure receptor signaling in longitudinal studies by bioluminescence imaging (BLI). Here, we have induced sporadic mammary cancers by treating systemically ERE-Luc reporter mice with DMBA (9,10-dimethyl 1,2-benzanthracene) and measured receptor signaling by in vivo imaging in individual animals from early stage until a clinically palpable tumor appeared in the mouse breast. We showed that DMBA administration induces an increase of bioluminescence in the whole abdominal area 6 h after treatment, the signal rapidly disappears. Several weeks later, strong bioluminescence is observed in the area corresponding to the mammary glands. In vivo and ex vivo imaging analysis demonstrated that this bioluminescent signal is localized in the breast area undergoing neoplastic transformation. We conclude that this non-invasive assay is a novel relevant tool to identify the activation of the ER signaling prior the morphological detection of the neoplastic transformation.

  15. Circulating antibodies directed against "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-like" structures in the sera of cancer patients. (United States)

    Pouns, Olivier; Mangas, Arturo; Coveñas, Rafael; Geffard, Michel


    An increase in immunoglobulin (Ig) A isotype directed against benzo(a)pyrene (BP) structure has previously been described in sera of cancer patients. In this study, new polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) conjugates were synthesized in order to more closely mimic the endogenous ligands of the cytosolic aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). PAH [benzo(a)pyrene; 1,2-benzanthracene; dibenz[a,c]anthracene; 7,12-dimethylbenza[a]anthracene; benzo(ghi)perylene] were bound to protein carriers such as bovine serum albumin (BSA) via N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). The levels of circulating antibodies (Abs) directed against PAH-NAC conjugates in the sera of cancer patients were evaluated using an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) with these new conjugates. The avidity (IC(50)) and specificity of these circulating Abs were assessed via competition experiments. An increase in Ig directed against these PAH-NAC conjugates was found in the sera of cancer patients, irrespective of the state and stage of the tumors. These Ig were principally of the A isotype. Sera from cancer patients had significantly higher optical density (OD) ranges than the controls, p<0.0001. The ELISA test for breast cancer (n=155) and ovarian cancer (n=62) identified 82% and 92% of positive patients, respectively. The percentage positive in the control group (n=60) was around 5%. Moreover, competition experiments with the different PAH-NAC conjugates and NAC-BSA revealed an estimated avidity of 10(-6)M for the circulating IgA antibodies. The Abs discriminated between the different PAH-NAC conjugates and NAC-BSA. Therefore, these Abs recognize a carcinogenic PAH-NAC structure and not only a BP structure. These markers may be useful in the future for monitoring cancer evolution and recurrence.

  16. Inhibitory effect of vitamin D-binding protein-derived macrophage activating factor on DMBA-induced hamster cheek pouch carcinogenesis and its derived carcinoma cell line. (United States)

    Toyohara, Yukiyo; Hashitani, Susumu; Kishimoto, Hiromitsu; Noguchi, Kazuma; Yamamoto, Nobuto; Urade, Masahiro


    This study investigated the inhibitory effect of vitamin D-binding protein-derived macrophage-activating factor (GcMAF) on carcinogenesis and tumor growth, using a 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster cheek pouch carcinogenesis model, as well as the cytocidal effect of activated macrophages against HCPC-1, a cell line established from DMBA-induced cheek pouch carcinoma. DMBA application induced squamous cell carcinoma in all 15 hamsters of the control group at approximately 10 weeks, and all 15 hamsters died of tumor burden within 20 weeks. By contrast, 2 out of the 14 hamsters with GcMAF administration did not develop tumors and the remaining 12 hamsters showed a significant delay of tumor development for approximately 3.5 weeks. The growth of tumors formed was significantly suppressed and none of the hamsters died within the 20 weeks during which they were observed. When GcMAF administration was stopped at the 13th week of the experiment in 4 out of the 14 hamsters in the GcMAF-treated group, tumor growth was promoted, but none of the mice died within the 20-week period. On the other hand, when GcMAF administration was commenced after the 13th week in 5 out of the 15 hamsters in the control group, tumor growth was slightly suppressed and all 15 hamsters died of tumor burden. However, the mean survival time was significantly extended. GcMAF treatment activated peritoneal macrophages in vitro and in vivo, and these activated macrophages exhibited a marked cytocidal effect on HCPC-1 cells. Furthermore, the cytocidal effect of activated macrophages was enhanced by the addition of tumor-bearing hamster serum. These findings indicated that GcMAF possesses an inhibitory effect on tumor development and growth in a DMBA-induced hamster cheek pouch carcinogenesis model.

  17. Monitoring pancreatic carcinogenesis by the molecular imaging of cathepsin E in vivo using confocal laser endomicroscopy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Li

    Full Text Available The monitoring of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC in high-risk populations is essential. Cathepsin E (CTSE is specifically and highly expressed in PDAC and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs, and its expression gradually increases along with disease progression. In this study, we first established an in situ 7,12-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA-induced rat model for PanINs and PDAC and then confirmed that tumorigenesis properties in this model were consistent with those of human PDAC in that CTSE expression gradually increased with tumor development using histology and immunohistochemistry. Then, using in vivo imaging of heterotopically implanted tumors generated from CTSE- overexpressing cells (PANC-1-CTSE in nude mice and in vitro imaging of PanINs and PDAC in DMBA-induced rats, the specificity of the synthesized CTSE-activatable probe was verified. Quantitative determination identified that the fluorescence signal ratio of pancreatic tumor to normal pancreas gradually increased in association with progressive pathological grades, with the exception of no significant difference between PanIN-II and PanIN-III grades. Finally, we monitored pancreatic carcinogenesis in vivo using confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE in combination with the CTSE-activatable probe. A prospective double-blind control study was performed to evaluate the accuracy of this method in diagnosing PDAC and PanINs of all grades (>82.7%. This allowed us to establish effective diagnostic criteria for CLE in PDAC and PanINs to facilitate the monitoring of PDAC in high-risk populations.

  18. An experimental study of the effects of natural carotene on DMBA-induced oral buccal mucosa premalignant lesion in golden hamsters%天然胡萝卜素对金黄地鼠颊粘膜癌前病变逆转作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许彦枝; 王小玲; 李少成; 李盛琳; 章魁华; 张普洪


    Objective The reverting effects of natural carotene on dimethyl-benzanthracene (DMBA) induced oral premalignant lesion in syrian golden hamsters were studied.Methods The hamsters were divided into,control group of the oral premalignant epithelia,oral administration of natural carotene treated group (15mg/kg/day,5d/week,for 4 weeks) and topical application of membrane of natrual carotene treated group (1cm×1cm/10mg,5d/week,for 4 weeks).Results Both oral administration group and topital administration group showed effective,but oral administration group was a bit superior in treating oral premalignant lesion to topical administration.Conclusion Natural carotene could effectively revert DMBA-induced oral premalignant lesion in hamsters.%目的研究天然胡萝卜素对二甲基苯并蒽(DMBA)诱发的金黄地鼠口腔粘膜癌前病变的逆转作用。方法选用DMBA诱发金黄地鼠口腔粘膜癌前病变模型,用0.5%天然胡萝卜素溶液灌胃口服和口腔局部贴膜进行治疗,光镜下组织观察。结果无论是灌胃治疗组还是口腔贴膜组均显示出明显的治疗效果,灌胃治疗组略优于口腔贴膜组。结论天然胡萝卜素对DMBA诱发的动物口腔癌前病变有逆转作用。

  19. Inhibition of DMBA-induced Oral Squamous Cells Carcinoma Growth by Brazilian Red Propolis in Rodent Model. (United States)

    Ribeiro, Danielle R; Alves, Ângela Valéria F; dos Santos, Esaú P; Padilha, Francine F; Gomes, Margarete Z; Rabelo, Alessandra S; Cardoso, Juliana C; Massarioli, Adna Prado; de Alencar, Severino Matias; de Albuquerque-Júnior, Ricardo Luiz C


    We investigated the effect of oral administration of hydroalcoholic extract of Brazilian red propolis (HERP) on DMBA-induced oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) in rodents. The chemical components of the HERP were assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Carcinogenesis was topically induced in the lower lip of 25 rats using 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA); the tumour was treated with saline (TUM1) and Tween 80 (TUM2) as well as HERP at 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg (HERP10, HERP50 and HERP100, respectively) for 20 weeks. Topical application of saline and oral administration of 100 mg/kg HERP was used in five rats as a control group (CTR). After 26 weeks, the histological malignancy grading and immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67 and p16(INK4A) were assessed in the tumours/tissue samples. The compounds identified were propyl gallate, daidzein, catechin, epicatechin, formononetin and biochanin A. Formononetin, daidzein and biochanin A showed concentration of 23.29, 0.38 and 0.67 mg/g of HERP, respectively. HERP at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg inhibited 40% of OSCC growth and promoted a 3-week delay in development of clinically detectable tumours. Epithelial dysplasia was observed in all samples with no clinical tumour, except in CTR. No significant difference in the immunoexpression of Ki-67 and p16(INK4A) was observed between HERP-treated and saline/Tween 80-treated groups (p > 0.05). Our results suggest that HERP exerts chemopreventive activity on the progression of DMBA-induced epithelial dysplasia to OSCC in an experimental model of labial carcinogenesis; however, this effect is not associated with Ki-67 and p16(INK4A) immunoexpression. © 2015 Nordic Association for the Publication of BCPT (former Nordic Pharmacological Society).

  20. Study of Pathology and Lymphangiogenesis of DMBA Induced Rat Breast Cancer%二甲基苯蒽诱发大鼠乳腺癌的病理及淋巴管生成的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹利光; 张松; 戚跃勇; 廖翠薇; 梁开运


    目的 研究大鼠诱发性乳腺癌发生的病理组织学和淋巴管密度(LVD)的变化.方法 Wistar雌性大鼠96只,二甲基苯蒽(DMBA)麻油溶液灌胃.16只大鼠9周内死亡,存活10周以上80只.从第10周开始至24周,每2周取10只活杀,乳腺肿块HE染色、podoplanin相关抗原免疫组化染色和免疫荧光染色.结果 75只大鼠成功诱发乳腺肿块,其中乳腺良性增生16只,炎性肉芽肿2只,乳腺癌57只.乳腺癌和乳腺增生组织LVD平均值分别为(6.93±0.84)、(1.52±0.23)个/高倍视野,乳腺癌组织LVD显著高于乳腺增生组织(P<0.01).高分化、中分化和低分化乳腺癌LVD分别为(4.43±0.68)、(5.83±1.03)和(9.48±0.93)个/高倍视野,低分化乳腺癌LVD显著高于中、高分化乳腺癌(P<0.001).结论 DMBA灌胃Wistar雌性大鼠乳腺癌诱发成功率高,肿瘤淋巴管密度与肿瘤分化程度密切相关.%Objective To observe the histomorphological change and lymphatic vessel density ( LVD ) of rat induced breast cancer. Methods Ninety-six female Wistar rats were administrated intragastrically with 7,12-dimethyl-l, 2-benzanthra-cene ( DMBA ) sesame oil solution. Sixteen rats died within 9 weeks. The remaining 80 rats were sacrificed from 10 to 24 weeks, 10 rats every two weeks. Breast tumors were examined by Hematoxylin and eosin ( HE ) stain, podoplanin related antigen immuno-histochemistry and immunofluorescence. Results Breast mass was successfully induced in 75 rats, of which 16 rats with benign hyperplasia,2 with inflammatory granuloma and 57 with breast cancer. LVD was ( 6. 93 ±0. 84 ) pieces/high power field ( HPF ) in breast cancer tissue, and ( 1. 52 ±0. 23 ) pieces/HPF in breast hyperplasia tissue. LVD of breast cancer was significantly higher than that of breast hyperplasia( P <0.01 ). LVD of well, moderately and poorly differentiated cancer was ( 4. 43 ± 0. 68 ),( 5. 83 ±1.03 ) and (9.48 ±0. 93 ) pieces/HPF respectively. LVD of poorly differentiated cancer

  1. Observation of microvessel density and histomorphology of DMBA induced rat breast cancer%二甲基苯蒽诱发大鼠乳腺癌的组织形态学和微血管密度观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹利光; 张松; 戚跃勇; 廖翠薇; 梁开运


    Objective: To observe the microvessel density ( MVD ) and histomorphological change in the development of induced rat breast cancer. Methods: Eighty - five female Wistar rats and twenty - two female SD rats were administrated intragastrically with 10 mg/ml7,12- dimethyl - 1,2- benzanthracene ( DMBA ) sesame oil solution. Seventeen rats died within 8 weeks. The remaining 90 rats were sacrificed from 8 to 24 weeks, 10 rats every two weeks. Breast tumors were obtained, hematoxylin and eosin ( HE ) stain and Factor Ⅷ related antigen( Ⅷ - Rag ) immunohistochemistry were performed. Results: Breast tumors were successfully induced in 73 rats, of which 11 ratswith benign hyperplasia and 62 rats with breast cancer. Within 62 rats with breast cancer, the histological types included infiltrating duct carcinoma 35 rats, infiltrating lobular carcinoma 15 rats, papillary adenocarcinoma 5 rats, and other tumors 7 rats. Breast cancer was well differentiated in 5 rats, moderately differentiated in 36 rats, and poorly differentiated in 21 rats. MVD was 6. 53 ±2.71 pieces/high power field ( HPF ) in breast cancer, and 1. 67 ±0. 95 pieces /HPF in breast hyperplasia. MVD of breast cancer was significantly higher than that of breast hyperplasia( P < 0. 01 ). MVD of poorly differentiated cancer was significantly higher than that of well and moderately differentiated cancer(P<0. 001 ). Conclusion: Breast cancer can be induced in female Wistar rats successfully with DMBA. MVD of breast cancer is significantly associated with tumor differentiation degree.%目的:研究诱发性大鼠乳腺癌发生过程中组织形态学变化和肿瘤微血管密度(MVD).方法:Wistar雌性大鼠85只,SD雌性大鼠22只,配制浓度为10 mg/ml的二甲基苯蒽(DMBA)麻油溶液灌胃大鼠.17只大鼠8周前死亡,剩余90只大鼠从第8周开始至24周,每2周取大鼠10只活杀,观察乳腺外形,取乳腺肿块HE染色和Ⅷ因子相关抗原免疫组化染色.结果:存活8周以上的90

  2. Amended final report on the safety assessment of glyceryl dilaurate, glyceryl diarachidate, glyceryl dibehenate, glyceryl dierucate, glyceryl dihydroxystearate, glyceryl diisopalmitate, glyceryl diisostearate, glyceryl dilinoleate, glyceryl dimyristate, glyceryl dioleate, glyceryl diricinoleate, glyceryl dipalmitate, glyceryl dipalmitoleate, glyceryl distearate, glyceryl palmitate lactate, glyceryl stearate citrate, glyceryl stearate lactate, and glyceryl stearate succinate. (United States)


    irritation in a single insult patch test, but mild skin irritation reactions to a foundation containing the same concentration were observed. A trade mixture containing an unspecified concentration of Glyceryl Dibehenate did not induce irritation or significant cutaneous intolerance in a 48-h occlusive patch test. In maximization tests, neither an eye shadow nor a foundation containing 1.5% Glyceryl Dilaurate was a skin sensitizer. Sensitization was not induced in subjects patch tested with 50% w/w Glyceryl Dioleate in a repeated insult, occlusive patch test. Glyceryl Palmitate Lactate (50% w/v) did not induce skin irritation or sensitization in subjects patch tested in a repeat-insult patch test. Phototoxicity or photoallergenicity was not induced in healthy volunteers tested with a lipstick containing 1.0% Glyceryl Rosinate. Two diacylglycerols, 1-oleoyl-2-acetoyl-sn-glycerol and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol, did not alter cell proliferation (as determined by DNA synthesis) in normal human dermal fibroblasts in vitro at doses up to 10 microg/ml. In the absence of initiation, Glyceryl Distearate induced a moderate hyperplastic response in randomly bred mice of a tumor-resistant strain, and with 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA) initiation, an increase in the total cell count was observed. In a glyceryl monoester study, a single application of DMBA to the skin followed by 5% Glyceryl Stearate twice weekly produced no tumors, but slight epidermal hyperplasia at the site of application. Glyceryl Dioleate induced transformation in 3-methylcholanthrene-initiated BALB/3T3 A31-1-1 cloned cells in vitro. A tumor-promoting dosing regimen that consisted of multiple applications of 10 mumol of a 1,2-diacylglycerol (sn-1,2-didecanoylglycerol) to female mice twice daily for 1 week caused more than a 60% decrease in protein kinase C (PKC) activity and marked epidermal hyperplasia. Applications of 10 micromol sn-1,2-didecanoylglycerol twice weekly for 1 week caused a decrease in