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Sample records for bengt sundn elmrs

  1. NOAA's Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Data Base

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In 1985, NOAA launched the Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Program to develop a consistent data base on the distribution, relative abundance, and life...

  2. Bengt Saltin and exercise physiology: a perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyner, Michael J

    2017-01-01

    This perspective highlights some of the key contributions of Professor Bengt Saltin (1935-2014) to exercise physiology. The emergence of exercise physiology from work physiology as his career began is discussed as are his contributions in a number of areas. Saltin's open and question-based style of leadership is a model for the future of our field.

  3. Bengt Liliequist: life and accomplishments of a true renaissance man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, David E; Nanda, Anil

    2017-02-01

    In the 1970s, the membrane of Liliequist became the accepted name for a small band of arachnoid membrane separating the interpeduncular and chiasmatic cisterns, making it one of the most recent of the universally accepted medical eponyms. The story of its discovery, however, cannot be told without a thorough understanding of the man responsible and his contribution to the growth of a specialty. Bengt Liliequist lived during what many would consider the Golden Age of neuroradiology. With his colleagues at the Serafimer Hospital in Stockholm, he helped set the standard for appropriate imaging of the CNS and contributed to more accurate localization of intracerebral as well as spinal lesions. The pneumoencephalographic discovery of the membrane that was to bear his name serves merely as a starting point for a career that spanned five decades and included the defense of two separate doctoral theses, the last of which occurred after his 80th birthday. Although the recognition of neuroradiology as a subspecialty did not occur in his home country of Sweden until after his retirement, and technological progress saw the obsolescence of the procedure that he had mastered, Dr. Liliequist's accomplishments and his contributions to the current understanding of neuroanatomy merit our continued praise.

  4. Bengt Strömgren: Growing up with astronomy, 1908-1932

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rebsdorf, S.O.

    2003-01-01

    Bengt Strömgren's (1908-1987) early career is examined down to 1932, the year of his first landmark article on astrophysics, in which, continuing the numerical tradition at the Copenhagen Observatory, Strömgren applied the still novel quantum mechanics with great faith in its validity. In additio...

  5. Bengt Strömgren: Growing up with astronomy, 1908-1932

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rebsdorf, S.O.

    2003-01-01

    Bengt Strömgren's (1908-1987) early career is examined down to 1932, the year of his first landmark article on astrophysics, in which, continuing the numerical tradition at the Copenhagen Observatory, Strömgren applied the still novel quantum mechanics with great faith in its validity. In additio...

  6. MO-D-BRD-01: Memorial to Bengt Bjarngard - Memorial Lecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, I [Indiana University- School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

    2014-06-15

    We lost a legendary medical physicist, Dr. Bengt Erik Bjarngard, to angiosarcoma an aggressive type of cancer. He devoted his life to providing improved methods of radiation treatment for this devastating disease over the last 36 years. Bengt was born in a rural village of Bjarnum in southern Sweden, located near forest and is known for its furniture making. He migrated to USA at the age of 35 and was recruited by Dr. Samuel Hellman to lead a group of physicists that became the “mecca of medical physics” known as the Joint Center of Radiation Therapy (JCRT) at Harvard Medical School in Boston. Bengt mentored some of the best physicists in the country, and many of our modern treatments go back to the early days of research at the JCRT. These accomplishments, dating from 1969–1989, include: dose optimization using computer control; soft wedges; stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS); total-body irradiation (TBI); CT-planning; and radiation dosimetry. Bengt worked at Brown University in Rhode Island and at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, where he provided major contributions in radiation dosimetry, specifically with the head scatter model. He advocated superior calculation algorithm through the Helax treatment planning system that was on par from most commercial systems. Bengt served as AAPM president in 1979 and was a recipient of the Coolidge Award in 1998. He had a lifelong love of nature, retiring in 2000 from the University of Pennsylvania to take care of his 200 acres of homestead forest in Maine. His legacy continues through his contributions to radiation dosimetry. This session, on small field dosimetry, is a small tribute to his memory. Further details can be found in his obituary in Med Phy, 41(4), 040801, 2014.

  7. Along paths converging to Bengt Saltin's early contributions in exercise physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schantz, P

    2015-12-01

    A fascinating chain of events led in 1941 to the formation of the Department of Physiology at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute (GCI) in Stockholm, Sweden. Erik Hohwü Christensen, from the scientifically advanced Lindhard School in Copenhagen became its first professor. A central research question for him concerned determining the limiting factors for maximal physical performance in man. This was the academic setting where the sports interested medical student Bengt Saltin was introduced to exercise physiology. In the summer of 1959, he became involved in a study on intermittent vs continuous running. A doctoral project, with Per-Olof Åstrand as his tutor, resulted in 1964 as the thesis "Aerobic work capacity and circulation at exercise in man. With special reference to the effect of prolonged exercise and/or heat exposure". In the decade that followed, Saltin continued along that path. However, he also added a vital research line involving pioneering studies on skeletal muscles in the exercising man, a series of novel studies on the physiological demands in various sports, and studies of the effects of physical training within the general population.

  8. Bengt Gottfried Forselius / Villem Reiman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiman, Villem

    2008-01-01

    Piibli eesti keelde tõlkimisest, eesti kirjakeele arendamisest ja rahvakoolide asutamisest. Forseliuse õpetajate seminarist, õpetajatest, koolimaadest ja -majadest, koolilastest ja kooliõpetusest. Kooli statistika aastast 1688. Varem ilm.: Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi Album 1895. Kolmas leht, lk. 7-52

  9. Göran Bonde - landsköpman och bondeseglare på 1500-talet / Bengt Eriksson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eriksson, Bengt

    2012-01-01

    Üle Soome lahe kaubandusest 16. sajandil. Helsingi kihelkonnas tegutsenud kaupmehest Göran Bondest, kes käis aastas 5-6 korda kaubareisil Tallinnas. Tihedamad suhted sidusid Göran Bondet Tallinna kaupmehe Hemlich Fickega. "Läänemere valitsejast" Sören Norrbyst. Helsingi rajamisest Gustav I Vasa poolt vastukaaluks Tallinnale

  10. MO-D-BRD-02: In Memoriam of Bengt Bjarngard: SBRT II: Small Field Dosimetry - TG155

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, I [Indiana University- School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Reft, C [University Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2014-06-15

    Specialized radiation treatment such as SRS/SRT. SBRT, IMRT, VMAT, Tomotherapy, CyberKnife and Gamma Knife use small fields or combination of small fields where dosimetry is challenging and uncertain due to non-equilibrium conditions such as longitudinal and lateral disequilibrium. Additionally the primary photon fluence is greatly affected by the obstruction of the source size by the jaws creating a large dose gradient across the field. Electronic equilibrium is a phenomenon associated with the range of secondary particles which depend on the beam energy, photon spectrum and the composition of the medium. Additionally, the finite size of detectors creates volume averaging and fluence perturbations especially in small fields. The IAEA/AAPM has provided a frame work for non-compliant reference dosimetry in small fields1. The AAPM TG-1552 has adopted this frame work to provide guidelines in relative dosimetry. This course provides the insight of TG-155 that defines small field, provides recommendations for suitable detectors and associated correction factors to convert reading to dose. Recommendations of a good working practice for relative dosimetry measurements (PDD, TMR, output factor, etc.) and dose calculations based on the new formulation is are elaborated. It also discusses beam modeling and dose calculations as a critical step in clinical utilization of small field radiotherapy. Small errors in beam data, approximations in dose algorithms, or misaligned of detectors and field settings can propagate into large errors in planned and delivered dose. The modeling and treatment planning aspects of small field dosimetry are reviewed with emphasis on the most critical parts for ensuring accurate and safe radiation therapy. Discussion on k(fmsr, fclin) for commercially available detectors are also provided.1 P. Alfonso, P. Andreo, R. Capote, M. S. Huq, W. Kilby, P. Kjall, T. R. Mackie, H. Palmans, K. Rosser, J. Seuntjens, W. Ullrich and S. Vatnitsky, “A new formalism for reference dosimetry of small and nonstandard fields,” Med Phys 35, 5179–5186 (2008).2 I. J. Das, P. Francescon, A. Ahnesjo, M. M. Aspradakis, C. W. Cheng, G. X. Ding, G. S. Ibbott, M. Oldham, M. S. Huq, C. S. Reft and S. O.A., “Task Group 155 report: Small fields and non-equilibrium condition photon beam dosimetry,” Med Phys (under review). Learning Objectives: Physics of cavity theory for non-equilibrium condition and definition of small fields Description of absolute and relative dosimetry in the context of TG-155 Choice of detector in small field dosimetry, perturbations and corrections (K(fmsr, fclin)) for accurate dosimetry Understand the advantages and limitations of commercially available detectors for small field dosimetry.

  11. Konstrueeritud Forselius : kroonikast Kalevipojani ja edasi / Aivar Põldvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvee, Aivar

    2006-01-01

    Bengt Gottfried Forseliuse (u. 1660-1688) trükitud tekstidest, tema tegevust kajastavatest kroonikalistest teadetest ja käsitlustest elu ja tegevuse kohta. Pikemalt Villem Reimani uurimusest "Bengt Gottfried Forselius", Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi Album, Kolmas leht. Tartu, 1895

  12. Konstrueeritud Forselius : kroonikast Kalevipojani ja edasi / Aivar Põldvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvee, Aivar

    2006-01-01

    Bengt Gottfried Forseliuse (u. 1660-1688) trükitud tekstidest, tema tegevust kajastavatest kroonikalistest teadetest ja käsitlustest elu ja tegevuse kohta. Pikemalt Villem Reimani uurimusest "Bengt Gottfried Forselius", Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi Album, Kolmas leht. Tartu, 1895

  13. Analytical heat transfer

    CERN Document Server

    Han, Je-Chin

    2012-01-01

    … it will complete my library … [and] complement the existing literature on heat transfer. It will be of value for both graduate students and faculty members.-Bengt Sunden, Lund University, Sweden

  14. PREFACE: A Stellar Journey A Stellar Journey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asplund, M.

    2008-10-01

    The conference A Stellar Journey was held in Uppsala, Sweden, 23 27June 2008, in honour of Professor Bengt Gustafsson's 65th birthday. The choice of Uppsala as the location for this event was obvious given Bengt's long-standing association with the city stemming back to his school days. With the exception of a two-year postdoc stint in Copenhagen, five years as professor at Stockholm University and two years as director of the Sigtuna foundation, Bengt has forged his illustrious professional career at Uppsala University. The symposium venue was Museum Gustavianum, once the main building of the oldest university in Scandinavia. The title of the symposium is a paraphrasing of Bengt's popular astronomy book Kosmisk Resa (in English: Cosmic Journey) written in the early eighties. I think this aptly symbolizes his career that has been an astronomical voyage from near to far, from the distant past to the present. The original book title was modified slightly to reflect that most of his work to date has dealt with stars in one way or another. In addition it also gives credit to Bengt's important role as a guiding light for a very large number of students, colleagues and collaborators, indeed for several generations of astronomers. For me personally, the book Kosmisk Resa bears particular significance as it has shaped my life rather profoundly. Although I had already decided to become an astronomer, when I first read the book as a 14-year-old I made up my mind then and there that I would study under Bengt Gustafsson and work on stars. Indeed I have remained true to this somewhat audacious resolution. I suspect that a great number of us have similar stories how Bengt has had a major influence on our lives, whether on the professional or personal level. Perhaps Bengt's most outstanding characteristic is his enthralling enthusiasm. This is equally true whether he is pondering some scientific conundrum, supervising students or performing in front of an audience, be it an

  15. Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the "knowledge economy": the "learning economy", based on the work of Bengt-Ake Lundvall; the "creative economy" based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the "open knowledge economy" based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably,…

  16. Exercise physiology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiens, Bente; Richter, Erik; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen

    2014-01-01

    The passing of Professor Bengt Saltin on September 12, 2014 truly marks the end of an era. As editor of the Journal of Applied Physiology and one of Bengt’s many collaborators and colleagues, I wanted the Journal to celebrate his many seminal contributions by means of an Editorial. Professor Bent...

  17. Baltic financial markets attractive

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnas toimunud konverentsil East Baltic Summit tõdesid eksperdid, et Balti riikidel on välisinvestorite silmis positiivne maine. Esinejate hulgas olid Rootsi endine peaminister Carl Bildt, Baltimaade juhtivaid eksperte Bengt Dennis, investeerimispankur Rain Lõhmus, East Capitali president Peter Elam Hakansson

  18. Reflections on the 2016 Nobel Memorial Prize for Contract Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    2016-01-01

    We briefly summarize the contributions of Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström, two key founders of modern contract theory, and describe their significance for the analysis of organizations and institutions. We then discuss the foundations of modern contract theory and review some criticisms related t...

  19. Thermography Control of Heat Insulation and Tightness of Buildings,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    Editor: Bengt Steen Typography and Layout: Peter Z. Cernohorsky Jitka Wesstr8m Printer: Sp~ngbergs Tryckerier AB, Stockholm, 1979. Ti: 1979 ISBN 91-540...Gullfiber brand "Fogfibersystem", see FIGURES 99-101. 9.1.5. Installations Electrical installations and penetrations of construction frequently cause

  20. Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES). Manpower, Personnel, and Training Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Ship/Fleet Manpower Document Development Procedures Manual, Navy Manpower Analysis Center, January 2005. Moore, Carol S., Anita U. Hattiangadi...David L. Reese , and James L. Gasch, NEC Utilization Study, CNA (CAB D0014616.A4), September 2006. Stymne, Bengt, Jan Löwstedt, and C. Patrick Fleenor

  1. Thomas Hiärne - nimi Rootsi Läänemereprovintside varasest ajalookirjutusest / Piret Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Piret, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Thomase isa Erlandi karjäärist. Thomas Hiärne headest suhetest Eestimaa kindralkuberneri Bengt Horniga. Thomas Hiärne kandideerimisest Ingerimaa rüütelkonna sekretäri kohale. Tema tegevusest Virtsu mõisa inspektorina. Hiärne kroonikast ja ajalookäsitlusest

  2. Thomas Hiärne - nimi Rootsi Läänemereprovintside varasest ajalookirjutusest / Piret Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Piret, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Thomase isa Erlandi karjäärist. Thomas Hiärne headest suhetest Eestimaa kindralkuberneri Bengt Horniga. Thomas Hiärne kandideerimisest Ingerimaa rüütelkonna sekretäri kohale. Tema tegevusest Virtsu mõisa inspektorina. Hiärne kroonikast ja ajalookäsitlusest

  3. Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper outlines and reviews three forms and associated discourses of the "knowledge economy": the "learning economy", based on the work of Bengt-Ake Lundvall; the "creative economy" based on the work of Charles Landry, John Howkins and Richard Florida; and the "open knowledge economy" based on the work of Yochai Benkler and others. Arguably,…

  4. Power Analysis Tutorial for Experimental Design Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    Details ............................................................ D-1 Appendix E – JMP Monte Carlo Simulation Script...freedom for error. • In Design Expert, when constructing a design, you are asked for delta and sigma . The default model for power analysis is...Designed Experiments. Third Edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2009. 12. Muthen, Linda, and Bengt Muthen. “How to Use a Monte Carlo Study to

  5. TV-slagtningens pædagogik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    2015-01-01

    , at det er skadeligt og afstumpende (dvs. ikke lærerigt) for børn at overvære den blodige partering, mens Bengts fanklub betonede vigtighed af, at børnene også får et ”levende” indblik og dermed læring i dyreanatomi udenom Disney Channel. I forlængelse heraf er det interessant, at en anden læringsplatform...

  6. Hematocrit and mean arterial blood pressure in pre- and postmenopause women

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrales, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    Beatriz Y Salazar Vázquez1,2, Miguel A Salazar Vázquez3,4, Marcos Intaglietta2, Ulf de Faire5, Bengt Fagrell6, Pedro Cabrales21Facultad de Medicina, 3Department of Physical Chemistry, Universidad Juárez del estado de Durango, Durango, México; 2Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA; 4Department of Pediatrics, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Durango, México; 5Division of Cardiovascular Ep...

  7. Reflections on the 2016 Nobel Memorial Prize for Contract Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    2016-01-01

    We briefly summarize the contributions of Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmström, two key founders of modern contract theory, and describe their significance for the analysis of organizations and institutions. We then discuss the foundations of modern contract theory and review some criticisms related...... to modeling strategy, assumptions about knowledge and cognition, and relevance. We conclude with some suggestions for advancing contract theory in a world of uncertainty, complexity, and entrepreneurship....

  8. Toward Incentives for Military Transformation: A Review of Economic Models of Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Economic Organization,” The American Economic Review , Vol. 62, No. 5, 1972, pp. 777–795. Asch, Beth J., “Do Incentives Matter? The Case of Navy...Bengt Holmstrom, “Internal Labor Markets: Too Many Theories, Too Few Facts,” The American Economic Review , Vol. 85, No. 2, 1995, pp. 255–259. Baker...Economics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2000, pp. 1–19. Che, Yeon-Koo, and Seung-Weon Yoo, “Optimal Incentives for Teams,” The American Economic Review , Vol. 91, No. 3

  9. International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry (11th) Held in Denton, Texas on November 5-8, 1990. Volume 35, Number 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-30

    Hart , R.R.- P11𔃽, PB𔃾 Bengtsson, Bengt, P1310 Cornford, S.- PAS4 Flores, F. - A4 Hasegawa, NM.- IfE4 Benhenni, NM.- 1C4 Correll, F.D.- CD6, P119...near cathode triple junction and field reduction near anode triple *Work supported in pan by CIE Philips Eclaimge. Pont -A-Moussun, Fram~c junction...sections Current linders canding and Remaining Physics have been measured for each of the vibrational transitions of the c4 1E. -- X Issues of the XeAr

  10. Heat transfer enhancement with nanofluids

    CERN Document Server

    Bianco, Vincenzo; Nardini, Sergio; Vafai, Kambiz

    2015-01-01

    Properties of NanofluidSamuel Paolucci and Gianluca PolitiExact Solutions and Their Implications in Anomalous Heat TransferWenhao Li, Chen Yang and Akira NakayamaMechanisms and Models of Thermal Conductivity in NanofluidsSeung-Hyun Lee and Seok Pil JangExperimental Methods for the Characterization of Thermophysical Properties of NanofluidsSergio Bobbo and Laura FedeleNanofluid Forced ConvectionGilles RoyExperimental Study of Convective Heat Transfer in NanofluidsEhsan B. Haghighi, Adi T. Utomo, Andrzej W. Pacek and Björn E. PalmPerformance of Heat Exchangers Using NanofluidsBengt Sundén and Za

  11. Eesti Kindlustuse peahoone V korruse renoveerimine esindusruumideks / Aivar Habakukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habakukk, Aivar

    1998-01-01

    Lahendus on valminud vastavalt ajaloolaste Leo Gensi ja Toivo Tinti poolt koostatud eritingimustele. 1925. a. valminud hoones oli juba algselt V korrus kavandatud kõige esinduslikumana. Projekt nägi ette esinduslikkuse taastamise. Korrusele olid ette nähtud direktsiooni kabinetid ja esindusruumid koos abiruumidega. Projekt : Stuudio Habakukk & Kivi, 1997. Autorid Aivar Habakukk, Enn Kivi. Ehituse peatöövõtt : AS Gustaf. Restaureerimine : AS KAR Grupp. Mööbel : esindusruumides Kinnarps, Bengt Olof (AS Santor), tööruumides A & A.S.A.. Valgustid : Steel Line AS. Valmis 1998.

  12. Pioneer nebular theorists from zanstra to seaton: and beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Osterbrock

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una breve historia sobre los astr onomos estadounidenses que hicieron la teor sobre las nebulosas gaseosas, enfatizando el conocimiento observacional que es requisito previo de la mayor parte de las teor as. Herman Zanstra e Ira Bowen fueron los m as importantes en abrir el campo. Donald Menzel y sus estudiantes, especialmente James Baker, Leo Goldberg y Lawrence Aller, fueron importantes en el desarrollo posterior. Henry Norris Russell puso a andar la astrof sica nebular y varios m as, incluyendo a Bengt Stromgren, Lyman Spitzer, Iosif Shklovsky y Michael Seaton, tambi en hicieron contribuciones importantes.

  13. Punanahklusest: Majakovskist indiaanlasteni / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Jangfeldt, Bengt. Mäng elu peale : Vladimir Majakovski ja tema lähikond / tõlkinud Anu Saluäär. Tallinn : Varrak, 2011 ; Céline, Louis-Ferdinand. Reis öö lõppu / tõlkinud Heli Allik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2010 ; Simone, Claude. Flandria tee / tõlkinud Leena Tomasberg. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2011 ; Härm, Tiiu. Jää voolab : Eesti polaarränduri August Masiku maailm. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2010 ; Page, Jake. Suure vaimu rüpes : Ameerika indiaanlaste 20 000-aastane ajalugu / tõlkinud Matti Piirimaa. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2011

  14. Punanahklusest: Majakovskist indiaanlasteni / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Jangfeldt, Bengt. Mäng elu peale : Vladimir Majakovski ja tema lähikond / tõlkinud Anu Saluäär. Tallinn : Varrak, 2011 ; Céline, Louis-Ferdinand. Reis öö lõppu / tõlkinud Heli Allik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2010 ; Simone, Claude. Flandria tee / tõlkinud Leena Tomasberg. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2011 ; Härm, Tiiu. Jää voolab : Eesti polaarränduri August Masiku maailm. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2010 ; Page, Jake. Suure vaimu rüpes : Ameerika indiaanlaste 20 000-aastane ajalugu / tõlkinud Matti Piirimaa. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2011

  15. Policy Learning and Organizational Capacities in Innovation Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borrás, Susana

    2011-01-01

    Bengt-Åke Lundvall’s work has underlined the importance of policy learning for inducing innovation systems’ adaptability. In spite of his efforts and of the general interest in this topic, studies of policy learning in innovation policy continue to be scarce. Elaborating from recent theoretical a...... of science–industry relations, showing the importance of capacities (or lack thereof). This calls for the practical need of addressing organizational capacity-building, in particular of analytical capacity, for truly strategic innovation policy-making.......Bengt-Åke Lundvall’s work has underlined the importance of policy learning for inducing innovation systems’ adaptability. In spite of his efforts and of the general interest in this topic, studies of policy learning in innovation policy continue to be scarce. Elaborating from recent theoretical...... advances, the paper identifies three levels of policy learning and argues that their effects on innovation systems are related to specific capacities of the relevant organizations implementing change. This analytical framework is used in the study of trans-national policy learning in Europe in the area...

  16. SURVEY ON ENTREPRENEURIAL ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR WITHIN UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan BRUSTUREANU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a series of results obtained through a pilot survey applied to academics from a department of a state technical university and to leadership representatives of a private university in Romania. The survey is based upon an original conceptual framework aimed at analyzing the entrepreneurial attitudes and behavior within universities. The conceptual framework was elaborated by transferring and adapting to the university setting concepts that are relevant in the business environment. More precisely, the framework is drawing on Stevenson’s conceptualization of entrepreneurial management and on the approach of the entrepreneurial phenomenon through the social networks of the entrepreneur, developed by Bengt Johannisson. The analyses are aimed at obtaining quantifications of some features of university people entrepreneurial behavior: the degree of engagement in personal networking within the higher education system and with the business community representatives and the intention of initiating a venture.

  17. Kjell Johnsen 1921-2007

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Kjell Johnsen (right) with Mervyn Hine in the PS control room in 1960. Both of them have been major contributors to the development of this accelerator, the first ambitious and innovative big project of the young laboratory. (Photo : Bengt Sagnell) On 27 January 1971, Kjell Johnsen, who led the project of the Intersecting Storage Rings, announced that the first ever interactions from colliding proton beams had been recorded. Kjell Johnsen passed away at his home in La Rippe (VD) on Wednesday 18 July following a long battle with cancer. Kjell was born in Norway in June 1921 and studied Electrical Engineering at the Technical University of Trondheim. He was selected by Professor Odd Dahl of Bergen, one of the founding fathers of CERN, to take part in the early studies for the accelerators of the future European physics centre. Kjell joined CERN in 1952 and took part in the design of the most ambitious project of the newly born ...

  18. Resultater fra fire kvalitative casestudier FLiK-prosjektet Kristiansand kommune

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke; Hansen, Line Skov; Kostøl, Anne

    I denne rapporten presenteres resultatene av fire kvalitative casestudier, som på forskjellig måte omhandler det arbeidet med læringsmiljøutvikling i Kristiansand kommunes barnehager og skoler, som pågår i relasjon til forsknings- og utviklingsprosjektet «FliK» (2012–2016). FLiK står for «Forskni...... casestudiene er gjennomført av forskere fra «Scandinavian Education Research Alliance» (SERA) under ledelse av professor Bengt Persson i samarbeid med professor Lars Qvortrup. SERA ble grunnlagt i 2014 og består av tre forskningsmiljøer fra henholdsvis Norge, Sverige og Danmark....

  19. Young astronomer in Denmark 1946 to 1958

    CERN Document Server

    Høg, Erik

    2015-01-01

    This is a personal account of how I became an astronomer. Fascinated by the stars and planets in the dark sky over Lolland, an island 100 km south of Copenhagen, the interest in astronomy was growing. Encouraged by my teachers, I polished mirrors and built telescopes with generous help from the local blacksmith and I observed light curves of variable stars. Studies at the Copenhagen University from 1950 gradually led me deeper into astronomy, especially astrometry (the astronomy of positions), guided by professor Bengt Str\\"omgren and my mentor dr. phil. Peter Naur. I was lucky to take part in the buildup of the new observatory at Brorfelde during the first difficult years and the ideas I gathered there have contributed to the two astrometry satellites Hipparcos and Gaia launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) in respectively 1989 and 2013.

  20. The elite cross-country skier provides unique insights into human exercise physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmberg, H-C

    2015-12-01

    Successful cross-country skiing, one of the most demanding of endurance sports, involves considerable physiological challenges posed by the combined upper- and lower-body effort of varying intensity and duration, on hilly terrain, often at moderate altitude and in a cold environment. Over the years, this unique sport has helped physiologists gain novel insights into the limits of human performance and regulatory capacity. There is a long-standing tradition of researchers in this field working together with coaches and athletes to improve training routines, monitor progress, and refine skiing techniques. This review summarizes research on elite cross-country skiers, with special emphasis on the studies initiated by Professor Bengt Saltin. He often employed exercise as a means to learn more about the human body, successfully engaging elite endurance athletes to improve our understanding of the demands, characteristics, and specific effects associated with different types of exercise.

  1. Kjell Johnsen 1921-2007

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Kjell Johnsen (right) with Mervyn Hine in the PS control room in 1960. Both of them have been major contributors to the development of this accelerator, the first ambitious and innovative big project of the young laboratory. (Photo : Bengt Sagnell) On 27 January 1971, Kjell Johnsen, who led the project of the Intersecting Storage Rings, announced that the first ever interactions from colliding proton beams had been recorded. Kjell Johnsen passed away at his home in La Rippe (VD) on Wednesday 18 July following a long battle with cancer. Kjell was born in Norway in June 1921 and studied Electrical Engineering at the Technical University of Trondheim. He was selected by Professor Odd Dahl of Bergen, one of the founding fathers of CERN, to take part in the early studies for the accelerators of the future European physics centre. Kjell joined CERN in 1952 and took part in the design of the most ambitious project of the newly born ...

  2. History of EISCAT – Part 2: The early history of EISCAT in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Oksman

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The idea of a Nordic incoherent scatter facility, proposed by Bengt Hultqvist, was for the first time discussed among representatives of the three Nordic countries Norway, Sweden and Finland in 1969 in Oulu, Finland. In the years to follow, when other countries joined in and the plans of the facility to be built gradually received concrete forms, Finland participated in the planning work, in spite of the large costs to be expected. When in negotiations with the Nordic partners in 1975 the share of Finland in EISCAT was reduced to five per cent and when the existing facilities and personnel at Sodankylä could be taken into account in the Finnish share, the Academy of Finland was finally ready to join EISCAT.

  3. Contribution to contract theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelić Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom share the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for 2016, awarded to them by Sveriges Riksbank. They have been rewarded for their work in enhancing the design of contracts, i.e. arrangements connecting employers with employees or companies with clients, in other words, for their contribution to contract theory in the 1970s and 1980s. Their analysis of optimal contractual arrangements lays an intellectual foundation for designing policies and institutions in many areas, from bankruptcy legislation to political constitutions. Hart is an expert in contract theory, theory of the firm, corporate finance, and law and economics. His contribution to contract theory is exquisite when it comes to designing contracts which cover eventualities that cannot be precisely specified in advance.

  4. Third ATLAS Physics Workshop in Lund

    CERN Multimedia

    Gianotti, F

    The 3rd ATLAS Physics Workshop was held in Lund (Sweden) on September 12-16 2001. It was a very successful meeting, attended by more than 170 people and characterised by an impressive amount of work presented and discussed. The meeting was opened by the Dean of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Prof. Bengt Söderström. We were all in a shocked state of mind because of the attacks the previous day on the WTC in New York. The Dean therefore asked us to observe a minute of silence to express our sorrow over the event, and sympathy to all the victims and their families. He then welcomed the ATLAS collaboration to Lund University. He explained the broad range of activities at the University, and also its history. The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences has a strong research profile and an international orientation through collaborations, visitors and many students from outside Sweden. He expressed his satisfaction with Lund University hosting our workshop, and wished us an inspiring meet...

  5. 逆势投资志在高远——沃尔沃建筑设备在华首个技术与客户支持中心落成暨新品发布会%Volvo Construction Equipment:the first technology and customer support center in China and new product launch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2009-01-01

    @@ 2009年7月2日,沃尔沃建筑设备在经济逆势中兑现新的投资,沃尔沃建筑设备在中国首个技术与客户支持中心在上海金桥基地举行了盛大的庆典仪式,同时还举行了一场别开生面的新品发布会.瑞典驻沪总领事Bengt E Johansson,中国工程机械工业协会理事长韩学松,沃尔沃建筑设备亚洲区总裁Eberhard Wedekind,沃尔沃建筑设备(中国)有限公司总裁罗东携全国各地经销商和客户代表近300位嘉宾出席了开幕庆典.沃尔沃建筑设备斥资1.5亿人民币打造国内首个技术与客户支持中心,旨在为中国客户提供更好、更及时、更周全的服务.

  6. The CERN SPS Control System

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Neyrac Films

    2012-01-01

    Part of the series of films produced by CERN about the SPS. Names, facts and credits added on the 1975 version by Bengt Sagnell, Meyrin, Oct 2012. The project leader for the SPS accelerator (with 400 staff) was John Adams - later Sir John. The group responsible for the design and installation of the control system was led by Michael Crowley-Milling. 00:02:14 Bernard Sutton00:02:48 Michael Crowley-Milling, Head of the Controls Group00:03:01 Designed in the Controls Group, this was probably the first use of touch screens in an industrial control system00:04:37 Louis Burnod, Section leader, Beam Instrumentation00:05:36 Claes Frisk, Computer technician 00:06:03 The system contained 24 Norsk Data NORD-10 16-bit mini computers with 16-64 kB of magnetic core memory and external hard disks of from 5MB to 256 MB in size00:06:23 Frank Beck, Section leader, Central Controls00:06:26 Véronique Frammery, Programmer 00:06:31 Hans-Karl Kuhn, Power Supply Controls00:07:55 Raymond Rausch, Control electronics00:10:23 Paul Acti...

  7. Hematocrit and mean arterial blood pressure in pre- and postmenopause women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Y Salazar Vázquez

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Beatriz Y Salazar Vázquez1,2, Miguel A Salazar Vázquez3,4, Marcos Intaglietta2, Ulf de Faire5, Bengt Fagrell6, Pedro Cabrales21Facultad de Medicina, 3Department of Physical Chemistry, Universidad Juárez del estado de Durango, Durango, México; 2Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA; 4Department of Pediatrics, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Durango, México; 5Division of Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Karolinska Institutet, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; 6Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, SwedenAbstract: The relationship between mean arterial blood pressure (MAP and hematocrit (Hct was studied in pre- and postmenopause women in the city of Durango, Mexico. Premenopause women show a negative trend between parameters that is not statistically significant. MAP and Hct are directly related in postmenopause women (p < 0.01. It is proposed that that this MAP/Hct relationship is in part due to differences in endothelial function where menopause decreases the capacity of the endothelium to respond to increased blood viscosity and shears stress, leading to the increased production of vasodilator mediators to compensate for changes in blood viscosity due to changes in Hct. Comparison with a large group of postmenopause women in the city of Stockholm showed identical trends.Keywords: menopause, endothelial dysfunction, blood viscosity, blood pressure, hematocrit

  8. Pd-mediated rapid cross-couplings using [(11) C]methyl iodide: groundbreaking labeling methods in (11) C radiochemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doi, Hisashi

    2015-03-01

    Prof. Bengt Långström is a pioneer in the field of chemistry-driven positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. He has developed a variety of excellent radiolabeling methodologies using the methods of organic chemistry, with the aim of widening the potential of PET in the study of life. Among his groundbreaking achievements in (11) C radiochemistry, there is the discovery of the Pd-mediated rapid cross-coupling reaction using [(11) C]methyl iodide. It was first reported by his Uppsala group in 1994-1995 and was further investigated by his and other groups with a view of enhancing its generality and practicability. This reaction is currently considered one of the basic methods for (11) C-labeling of low-weight organic compounds. This paper presents a short summary of the background and the development of Pd-mediated rapid cross-couplings of [(11) C]methyl iodide, with a focus not only on organostannanes, but also on organoboranes, organozincs, and terminal acetylene compounds. All these reactions have proven to be dependable (11) C-labeling methodologies that use chemically reliable carbon-carbon bond formation reactions.

  9. Anselm Citron (1923 - 2014)

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Anselm Citron, one of CERN’s pioneers, an enthusiastic scholar and internationally renowned researcher, passed away on 8 December at the age of 91.   Anselm Citron, front, looks at a quadrupole for the muon beam at the SC with, left to right, Bengt Hedin, Marinus van Gulik and Pierre Lapostolle. Born in Germany, Citron went to high school in the Netherlands, where he had been sent to escape the persecution of people with Jewish roots. After abitur and a short period at a technical high school, he took part in the last stages of the Second World War before returning to Freiburg in 1945. There, he studied physics under Wolfgang Gentner, and obtained his PhD. Citron then joined the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, in 1952, to take part in research on accelerator physics. A year later, he came to the newly founded CERN as one of its first 12 staff physicists and contributed to the construction of the Proton Synchrotron, for which he was responsible for the high-frequency powe...

  10. AGU elects 1989 Fellows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenty-two distinguished scientists have been elected Fellows of the Union. Fellows are scientists who are judged by their peers as having attained ackowledged eminence in a branch of geophysics. The number of Fellows elected each year is limited to 0.1 % of the total membership at the time of election. The newly elected Fellows are Walter Alvarez, University of California, Berkeley; John R. Booker, University of Washington, Seattle; Peter G. Brewer, Woods Hole Oceanographie Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.; Michael H. Carr, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, Calif.; Gedeon Dagan, Tel Aviv University, Israel; James H. Dieterich, USGS, Menlo Park; Thomas Dunne, University of Washington, Seattle; Jack Fooed Evernden, USGS, Menlo Park; Edward A. Flinn, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; Arnold L. Gordon, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, N.Y.; Gerhard Haerendel, Max Planck Institut, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany; David L. Kohlstedt, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; Robert A. Langel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; James G. Moore, USGS, Menlo Park; Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Robert C. Newton, University of Chicago, Illinois; John A. Orcutt, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif.; Robert B. Smith, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Bengt U. Sonnerup, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; Martin A. Uman, University of Florida, Gainesville; Joe Veverka, Cornell University; and James C.G. Walker, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

  11. 集体化导致的农业危机——基于博弈论和多任务分析角度的解读%The Agricultural Crisis Caused by Collectivization: An Examination Based on Game Theory and Multitask Principal- Agent Analyses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田晴

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims at giving thoughts on collectivism before the establishment of the Household Contract Responsibility System in the early 1980s. First,a review of Dr. Justin Yifu Lin's early paper about game theory analysis as applied to agricultural crisis, "Collectivization and China's Agricultural Crisis in 1959 -1961 " (1990), which points out the flaws of the "bad -weather hypothesis"," the hypothesis of bad policies," and "the hypothesis of the incentive issue in the commune", forms the foundation for this study. Secondly, it shows that the main cause of the crisis is the change in the nature of collectivization from a "repeated game" to a "one - time game. " Lastly,this paper deals with the possibility of the overuse of agricultural tools based on Holm- strom Bengt and Paul Migrom's Muhitask Principal- Agent Analyses (1991).%文章对林毅夫教授的英文文章《集体制与中国1959-1961年的农业危机》(Collee.tivizationand China’s Agricultural Crisisin1959-1961)进行了回顾,阐明了自然灾害理论、不恰当政策理论和监管激励理论在解释1959—1961年三年农业危机时出现的错误,并利用公有化由多次博弈向单次博弈的转变解释了危机产生的真正原因。最后,文章结合本特·霍姆斯特洛姆和保罗·米尔格罗姆关于多任务分析的方法指出了公有化对生产资料不合理使用的可能性。

  12. EDITORIAL: The 21st Nordic Semiconductor Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    This Topical Issue contains works presented at the 21st Nordic Semiconductor Meeting (21NSM) held at Sundvolden, Norway, 18-19 August 2005. The institutions supporting 21NSM were: University of Oslo, SINTEF, the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment and Vestfold University College. The Nordic Semiconductor Meeting has become an international forum that has been held every other year in a relay fashion in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. The focus of the meeting has been on original research and science being carried out on semiconductor materials, devices and systems. Reports on industrial activity have usually been featured at the meetings. The topics have ranged from fundamental research on point defects in a semiconductor to system architecture of semiconductor electronic devices. For the last five meetings the proceedings have been printed in a dedicated volume of Physica Scripta in the Topical Issue series. The papers in this Topical Issue have undergone critical peer review and we wish to thank the reviewers and the authors for their cooperation, which has been instrumental in meeting the expected high standards of the series. The range of topics covered by this volume is broad, reflecting the call for papers; most of the papers have an element of materials science and the largest portion of these deal with other semiconductor materials other than silicon. The 21NSM was supported by the following sponsors: Renewable Energy Corporation (REC), EMF III-V Innovations (EMF), and the Nordic Research Board (NordForsk). Terje G Finstad Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Norway Andrej Y Kuznetsov and Bengt G Svensson Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, Norway

  13. Applying the Theory of the Firm to Examine a Technology Startup at the Investment Stage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Ayukawa

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The investment stage of a new technology firm is when resources, opportunities, investors, and early customers first converge. Currently, technology entrepreneurs make many expensive mistakes. They invest in assets and develop capabilities that prove to have limited value. They take too long to discover and validate the product-market fit for their firms during the investment stage and run out of time and money. Understanding how theory can help entrepreneurs make decisions during the investment stage is important to accelerate new-firm formation and growth as well as to reduce the uncertainty of founders and stakeholders of technology firms. This article introduces a model developed to examine deal making during the investment stage of a new technology firm. It is an extension of a model of lateral firm scope proposed by Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom. The extensions come from considering a technology firm as being both a deal-making entity and a pool of resources during the investment stage. A deal is the result of a decision the entrepreneur and others make to coordinate (i.e., work together to achieve a common objective. Benefits from a deal include cash profits for the firm and private benefits for the entrepreneur. This extended model is then applied to examine the author’s firm which is still in the investment stage. Application of the extended model to a real-life situation generated two important insights: i when private benefits include learning from experimentation, the number of deals increases and ii at the start of the investment stage, private benefits drive deal-making, whereas at the end of the investment stage, cash profits derived from asset ownership drive deal-making.

  14. Teaching and learning science in linguistically diverse classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Emilee; Evnitskaya, Natalia; Ramos-de Robles, S. Lizette

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we reflect on the article, Science education in a bilingual class: problematising a translational practice, by Zeynep Ünsal, Britt Jakobson, Bengt-Olav Molander and Per-Olaf Wickman (Cult Stud Sci Educ, 10.1007/s11422-016-9747-3). In their article, the authors present the results of a classroom research project by responding to one main question: How is continuity between everyday language and the language of science construed in a bilingual science classroom where the teacher and the students do not speak the same minority language? Specifically, Ünsal et al. examine how bilingual students construe relations between everyday language and the language of science in a class taught in Swedish, in which all students also spoke Turkish, whereas the teacher also spoke Bosnian, both being minority languages in the context of Swedish schools. In this forum, we briefly discuss why close attention to bilingual dynamics emerging in classrooms such as those highlighted by Ünsal et al. matters for science education. We continue by discussing changing ontologies in relation to linguistic diversity and education more generally. Recent research in bilingual immersion classroom settings in so-called "content" subjects such as Content and Language Integrated Learning, is then introduced, as we believe this research offers some significant insights in terms of how bilingualism contributes to knowledge building in subjects such as science. Finally, we offer some reflections in relation to the classroom interactional competence needed by teachers in linguistically diverse classrooms. In this way, we aim to further the discussion initiated by Ünsal et al. and to offer possible frameworks for future research on bilingualism in science education. In their article, Ünsal et al. conclude the analysis of the classroom data by arguing in favor of a translanguaging pedagogy, an approach to teaching and learning in which students' whole language repertoires are used as

  15. Factors influencing access to education, decision making, and receipt of preferred dialysis modality in unplanned dialysis start patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machowska A

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Anna Machowska,1 Mark Dominik Alscher,2 Satyanarayana Reddy Vanga,3 Michael Koch,4 Michael Aarup,5 Abdul Rashid Qureshi,1 Bengt Lindholm,1 Peter A Rutherford6 1Division of Renal Medicine and Baxter Novum, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Robert-Bosch-Krankenhaus, Stuttgart, Germany; 3Department of Renal Medicine, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK; 4Center of Nephrology, Nephrologisches Zentrum, Mettmann, Germany; 5Department of Nephrology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; 6Baxter Healthcare SA, Zurich, Switzerland Objectives: Unplanned dialysis start (UPS leads to worse clinical outcomes than planned start, and only a minority of patients ever receive education on this topic and are able to make a modality choice, particularly for home dialysis. This study aimed to determine the predictive factors for patients receiving education, making a decision, and receiving their preferred modality choice in UPS patients following a UPS educational program (UPS-EP. Methods: The Offering Patients Therapy Options in Unplanned Start (OPTiONS study examined the impact of the implementation of a specific UPS-EP, including decision support tools and pathway improvement on dialysis modality choice. Linear regression models were used to examine the factors predicting three key steps: referral and receipt of UPS-EP, modality decision making, and actual delivery of preferred modality choice. A simple economic assessment was performed to examine the potential benefit of implementing UPS-EP in terms of dialysis costs. Results: The majority of UPS patients could receive UPS-EP (214/270 patients and were able to make a decision (177/214, although not all patients received their preferred choice (159/177. Regression analysis demonstrated that the initial dialysis modality was a predictive

  16. Factors associated with failure to achieve remission and with relapse after remission in patients with major depressive disorder in the PERFORM study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saragoussi D

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Delphine Saragoussi,1 Maëlys Touya,2 Josep Maria Haro,3 Bengt Jönsson,4 Martin Knapp,5 Bastien Botrel,6 Ioana Florea,7 Henrik Loft,8 Benoît Rive9 1Real-World Evidence and Epidemiology, Lundbeck SAS, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France; 2Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Lundbeck, Deerfield, IL, US; 3Research and Teaching Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Deu, CIBERSAM, University of Barcelona, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; 4Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden; 5Department of Health Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK; 6Biostatistics, Inferential, Paris, France; 7Clinical Research Paediatrics, H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Denmark; 8Biometrics, H. Lundbeck A/S, Valby, Denmark; 9Global Analytics, Lundbeck SAS, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France Background: The Prospective Epidemiological Research on Functioning Outcomes Related to Major Depressive Disorder (PERFORM study has been initiated to better understand the course of a depressive episode and its impact on patient functioning. This analysis aimed to identify sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with failure to achieve remission at month 2 after initiating or switching antidepressant monotherapy and with subsequent relapse at month 6 for patients in remission at month 2. Materials and methods: This was a 2-year observational cohort study in 1,159 outpatients aged 18–65 years with major depressive disorder initiating or undergoing the first switch of antidepressant monotherapy. Factors with P<0.20 in univariate logistic regression analyses were combined in a multiple logistic regression model to which backward variable selection was applied (ie, sequential removal of the least significant variable from the model and recomputation of the model until all remaining variables have P<0.05. Results: Baseline factors significantly associated with lower odds of remission at month 2 were body-mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (OR 0

  17. Ischemic ECG abnormalities are associated with an increased risk for death among subjects with COPD, also among those without known heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilsson U

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Ulf Nilsson,1 Anders Blomberg,1 Bengt Johansson,1 Helena Backman,2 Berne Eriksson,3 Anne Lindberg1 1Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; 2Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, the OLIN Unit, Umeå University, Umeå, 3Krefting Research Centre, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract presentation: An abstract, including parts of the results, has been presented at an oral session at the European Respiratory Society International Conference, London, UK, September 2016.Background: Cardiovascular comorbidity contributes to increased mortality among subjects with COPD. However, the prognostic value of ECG abnormalities in COPD has rarely been studied in population-based surveys.Aim: To assess the impact of ischemic ECG abnormalities (I-ECG on mortality among individuals with COPD, compared to subjects with normal lung function (NLF, in a population-based study.Methods: During 2002–2004, all subjects with FEV1/VC <0.70 (COPD, n=993 were identified from population-based cohorts, together with age- and sex-matched referents without COPD. Re-examination in 2005 included interview, spirometry, and 12-lead ECG in COPD (n=635 and referents [n=991, whereof 786 had NLF]. All ECGs were Minnesota-coded. Mortality data were collected until December 31, 2010.Results: I-ECG was equally common in COPD and NLF. The 5-year cumulative mortality was higher among subjects with I-ECG in both groups (29.6% vs 10.6%, P<0.001 and 17.1% vs 6.6%, P<0.001. COPD, but not NLF, with I-ECG had increased risk for death assessed as the mortality risk ratio [95% confidence interval (CI] when compared with NLF without I-ECG, 2.36 (1.45–3.85 and 1.65 (0.94–2.90 when adjusted for common confounders. When analyzed separately among the COPD cohort, the increased risk for death associated with I

  18. Effects of dopamine on leptin release and leptin gene (OB expression in adipocytes from obese and hypertensive patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez-Aguilar C

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Cleto Alvarez-Aguilar,1–3 Alfonso Rafael Alvarez-Paredes,2 Bengt Lindholm,4 Peter Stenvinkel,4 Elvia García-López,4 Oliva Mejía-Rodríguez,5 Joel Edmundo López-Meza,6 Dante Amato,7 Ramon Paniagua8 1Hospital General Regional N°1, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, Morelia, 2Facultad de Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas "Dr. Ignacio Chávez" Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (UMSNH, Morelia, Michoacán, 3División de Estudios Superiores, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM, México DF, México; 4Department of Clinical Science Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; 5Coordinación Delegacional de Investigación en Salud, IMSS, Morelia, 6Centro Multidisciplinario de Estudios en Biotecnología (CMEB, UMSNH, Morelia, Michoacán, 7Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, UNAM, Tlalnepantla, 8Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Nefrológicas, Hospital de Especialidades, CMN Siglo XXI, IMSS, México DF, México Background: A reduction of dopaminergic (DAergic activity with increased prolactin levels has been found in obese and hypertensive patients, suggesting its involvement as a pathophysiological mechanism promoting hypertension. Similarly, leptin action increasing sympathetic activity has been proposed to be involved in mechanisms of hypertension. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of DA, norepinephrine (NE, and prolactin on leptin release and leptin gene (OB expression in adipocytes from obese and hypertensive patients. Methods: Leptin release and OB gene expression were analyzed in cultured adipocytes from 16 obese and hypertensive patients treated with DA (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 µmol/L, NE (1.0 µmol/L, insulin (0.1 µmol/L, and prolactin (1.0 µmol/L, and from five nonobese and normotensive controls treated with DA (1 µmol/L, NE (1 µmol/L, insulin (0.1 µmol/L, and prolactin (1.0 µmol/L. Results: A dose-related reduction of leptin release and OB

  19. Admission of new oncological drugs to the Slovenian health care system and their accessibility to the patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Kos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of the present study is to analyze the admission of anticancer drugs to the Slovenian healthcare system, and to evaluate patients’ accessibility to these medications.Methods: Admission and accessibility to anticancer drugs was evaluated by analysing: differences in registration time among USA, selected member states of EU, and Slovenia; time from the registration to the first use in Slovenia; differences between the first use in Slovenia and the first use in selected member states of EU and by analysing the market of oncology drugs. The study included drugs of the ATC groups such as Antitumor medications (cytostatics (ATC = L01 and Endocrine treatment (ATC = L02 that were used in Slovenia for the first time between 1999 to 2005. Registration data for Slovenia and EU was obtained from the registration documention of selected drugs at the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices of the Republic of Slovenia, and the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products (EMEA. Registration data for USA was obtained from the registration documention of selected drugs at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA. The information upon the first use of drugs in Slovenia was acquired from the PharMIS system, and the information upon the first use of drugs in selected member states of EU was obtained from the study on patients’ access to oncology drugs by Nils Wilking and Bengt Jönsson, performed from 2005. Data for the market analysis of oncology drugs was obtained from the PharMIS system.Results: In previous years a delay in registration time between Slovenia and compared states was present for some oncology drugs. Along with the acceptance of Slovenia as a new member state of EU, on 1st May 2004, registration process in Slovenia became a part of the registration system of the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products (EMEA. Majority of drugs had a time difference between the registration and the first use

  20. Obituary: Donald Edward Osterbrock, 1924-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veilleux, Sylvain

    2007-12-01

    Donald Edward Osterbrock, one of the leading figures of post-World War II astronomy, died suddenly of a heart attack on 11 January 2007, while walking near his office at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He was 82 years old. His initials spelled D.E.O. (God in latin!), but he was known simply as Don to his many friends and colleagues. Don's long and productive career spanned five decades. His scientific work helped shape our understanding of lower main-sequence stars, the ionized interstellar medium, and active galactic nuclei. He was also a highly respected historian of astronomy who shed new light on 19th- and 20th-century astronomy. Don was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on 13 July 1924. Both of his parents were of German descent and valued hard work, education, and science. They both completed their high-school education at night while working full-time during the day. His father eventually became a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Cincinnati. Don's plan to become an astronomer was put on hold when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941. After graduation from high school, Don joined the United States Army and trained as a meteorologist, taking all of the physics and mathematics courses required for a bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Chicago. He was eventually sent to islands in the Pacific Ocean but never was in harm's way. After three years of service, Don returned to Chicago to obtain his bachelor's degree in 1948, his M.S. in astronomy in 1949, and a Ph.D. in astronomy in 1952. Don's years at the University of Chicago and the University's Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, were pivotal for his career and personal life. He came in contact with such luminaries as Otto Struve, Bengt Strömgren, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, and William W. Morgan. At Yerkes, he also met and married Irene L. Hansen, a native of Williams Bay, who was employed as a member of the Yerkes staff. They had a son, William, now

  1. LHC Nobel Symposium Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekelöf, Tord

    2013-12-01

    referees of these Proceedings and to the staff at Uppsala University, in particular my Administrative Assistant for the Symposium, Marja Fahlander, at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, at the Nobel Foundation and at the Institute of Physics Publishing Company for Physica Scripta for realizing this enlightening Symposium at its proceedings. The Nobel Symposium was financed by the Nobel Foundation. Tord Ekelöf Chair of the LHC Nobel Symposium Local Organizing Committee and LHC Nobel Guest Editor for the Symposium Proceedings Members of the Local Organizing Committee of the LHC Nobel Symposium Tord Ekelöf (Uppsala University, Chair) Kerstin Jon-And (Stockholms University) Bengt Lund-Jensen (Royal Institute of Technology) Anders Oskarsson (Lunds University) Torsten Åkesson (Lund University) Barbro Åsman (Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences) Members of the International Advisory Committee of the LHC Nobel Symposium Pierluigi Campana (INFN Frascati) Fabiola Gianotti (CERN) Paolo Giubellino (INFN-Torino) Joe Incandela (UC Santa Barbara) Young-Kee Kim (FNAL) Michelangelo Mangano (CERN) Lisa Randall (Harvard University)

  2. A Glimpse of the Young Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-10-01

    Uppsala (Sweden) and at the Munich University Observatory (Germany) were able to determine the chemical composition of the star. The implications HE 0107-5240 turns out to be the most metal-poor star known to date . " This is, in a way, the closest we have ever come to the conditions directly after the Big Bang by studying stars ", says Norbert Christlieb . " But obviously, a lot must have happened between the Big Bang and the formation of this star. In spite of its extreme metal-poorness, it evidently contains some metals, and they were most probably formed in a even earlier, massive star that exploded as a supernova ". Bengt Gustafsson from the University of Uppsala, who lead the chemical analysis jointly with Christlieb, adds that " this star also has an abnormally large content of carbon and nitrogen. Those elements may possibly have been formed by nuclear reactions with helium and hydrogen deep inside the star and subsequently transported upwards to the stellar surface where they can now be observed. It is also possible that a neigbouring star at the end of its life 'polluted' our star by transferring some of its enriched material to HE 0107-5240 at that moment. The ongoing observations with UVES will help us to decide which scenario is the most probable ." Renewed hope to find first-generation stars The mass of HE 0107-5240 is about 80% of that of the Sun. This discovery thus clearly demonstrates that stars with masses slightly less than the Sun can form from very metal-poor gas. This is unexpected, as most current theoretical calculations indicate that it is very difficult to form low-mass stars shortly after the Big Bang, because metals are needed to efficiently cool gas clouds as they contract into stars. But now HE 0107-5240 reveals that Nature has found a way to achieve the necessary cooling. It therefore appears that many of the model calculations must be refined. Equally important: if a star like HE 0107-5240 , with about 0.8 solar mass and 1/200,000 of the

  3. How Much Mass Makes a Black Hole? - Astronomers Challenge Current Theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    huge quantities of mass from the progenitor star. While no such companion is currently visible at the site of the magnetar, this could be because the supernova that formed the magnetar caused the binary to break apart, ejecting both stars at high velocity from the cluster. "If this is the case it suggests that binary systems may play a key role in stellar evolution by driving mass loss - the ultimate cosmic 'diet plan' for heavyweight stars, which shifts over 95% of their initial mass," concludes Clark. Notes [1] The open cluster Westerlund 1 was discovered in 1961 from Australia by Swedish astronomer Bengt Westerlund, who later moved from there to become ESO Director in Chile (1970-74). This cluster is behind a huge interstellar cloud of gas and dust, which blocks most of its visible light. The dimming factor is more than 100 000, and this is why it has taken so long to uncover the true nature of this particular cluster. Westerlund 1 is a unique natural laboratory for the study of extreme stellar physics, helping astronomers to find out how the most massive stars in our Milky Way live and die. From their observations, the astronomers conclude that this extreme cluster most probably contains no less than 100 000 times the mass of the Sun, and all of its stars are located within a region less than 6 light-years across. Westerlund 1 thus appears to be the most massive compact young cluster yet identified in the Milky Way galaxy. All stars so far analysed in Westerlund 1 have masses at least 30-40 times that of the Sun. Because such stars have a rather short life - astronomically speaking - Westerlund 1 must be very young. The astronomers determine an age somewhere between 3.5 and 5 million years. So, Westerlund 1 is clearly a "newborn" cluster in our galaxy. More information The research presented in this ESO Press Release will soon appear in the research journal Astronomy and Astrophysics ("A VLT/FLAMES survey for massive binaries in Westerlund 1: II. Dynamical

  4. EDITORIAL: Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyldgaard, Per; Rahman, Talat S.

    2012-10-01

    sufficiently close to any corrugated—and/or any smooth—surface and thus enforce a strong vdW-type adhesion; it exploits what is then essentially a contact force (dominated by the attraction exerted in the near-surface regions) to defy the pull of gravity on its own bulk. This Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter special issue is dedicated to the memory of David C Langreth. David is a dearly missed friend and mentor who inspired many of us. He was an outstanding condensed matter theorist and a scholar who greatly influenced us through his many-particle-physics based insights into density functional theory (DFT), surface science and related areas. His seminal works range from conserving formulations of interacting nonequilibrium transport [1] and formal-scattering theory [2] to an explicit formulation [3] of the exact DFT exchange-correlation energy in the adiabatic connection formula (ACF), the latter also being derived independently by Gunnarsson and Lundqvist [4]. David's portfolio also includes an analysis [5] that helped catalyze and guide the development of DFT from the local-density approximation (LDA) to the formulations of generalized gradient approximations (GGAs). Another salient contribution of David's is in the area of vdW interactions in materials. He was a key architect of the vdW density functional (vdW-DF) method [6, 7]. This method was developed in a long-standing Rutgers-Chalmers collaboration between David's group and that of Bengt I Lundqvist, later extending to a wider group of researchers on both sides of the Atlantic. Plasmons are collective excitations that depend on electron-density variation. The plasmon response can be seen as defining the nature of the LDA [4] and their description can thus also be seen as contributing to the success of GGA. The vdW-DF method is a regular constraint-based density functional (for ground-state DFT) which is derived within the ACF framework and which emphasizes the electrodynamical nature of the coupling between

  5. Young and Exotic Stellar Zoo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    constellation Ara (the Altar). It was discovered in 1961 from Australia by Swedish astronomer Bengt Westerlund, who later moved from there to become ESO Director in Chile (1970 - 74). This cluster is behind a huge interstellar cloud of gas and dust, which blocks most of its visible light. The dimming factor is more than 100,000 - and this is why it has taken so long to uncover the true nature of this particular cluster. In 2001, the team of astronomers identified more than a dozen extremely hot and peculiar massive stars in the cluster, so-called "Wolf-Rayet" stars. They have since studied Westerlund 1 extensively with various ESO telescopes. They used images from the Wide Field Imager (WFI) attached to the 2.2-m ESO/MPG as well as from the SUperb Seeing Imager 2 (SuSI2) camera on the ESO 3.5-m New Technology Telescope (NTT). From these observations, they were able to identify about 200 cluster member stars. To establish the true nature of these stars, the astronomers then performed spectroscopic observations of about one quarter of them. For this, they used the Boller & Chivens spectrograph on the ESO 1.52-m telescope and the ESO Multi-Mode Instrument (EMMI) on the NTT. An Exotic Zoo These observations have revealed a large population of very bright and massive, quite extreme stars. Some would fill the solar system space within the orbit of Saturn (about 2,000 times larger than the Sun!), others are as bright as a million Suns. Westerlund 1 is obviously a fantastic stellar zoo, with a most exotic population and a true astronomical bonanza. All stars identified are evolved and very massive, spanning the full range of stellar oddities from Wolf-Rayet stars, OB supergiants, Yellow Hypergiants (nearly as bright as a million Suns) and Luminous Blue Variables (similar to the exceptional Eta Carinae object - see ESO PR 31/03). All stars so far analysed in Westerlund 1 weigh at least 30-40 times more than the Sun. Because such stars have a rather short life - astronomically speaking

  6. Interesantes hitos de las Ciencias Médicas en marzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Suárez Lezcano

    2015-12-01

    Limitados Físicos y Motores. El 24 de marzo de 1882  Robert Koch, médico alemán, descubre el bacilo que ocasiona la tuberculosis. La OMS instituye esta fecha como Día Mundial de la tuberculosis. El 26 de marzo de 1885 se otorga por primera vez en Cuba el título de Cirugía Dental a una mujer, Serafina Daumy Martínez. En  1911 nace en Leipzig el bioquímico alemán Bernard Katz. Comparte el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1970 con el estadounidense Julius Axelrod y el fisiólogo sueco Ulf Svante von Euler. Los tres se destacaron por los hallazgos relativos a los trasmisores humorales en las terminales nerviosas y al mecanismo que interviene en su almacenamiento, liberación e inactivación. El 27 de marzo de 1845 nace en Nennep, Alemania, Guillermo Roentgen, descubridor de los rayos X. El 28 de marzo de 1892 nace el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1938, Corneille Jean Francoise Heymans. Farmacólogo y fisiólogo belga nacido en Gent y fallecido en Knokke en 1968. Obtuvo el premio por el descubrimiento de la función que desempeñan los mecanismos sinusal y aórtico en la regulación de la respiración. El 29 de marzo de 1909 es elegida la primera directiva de la Asociación Nacional de Enfermeras de la República de Cuba en el Hospital No. 1 (General Calixto García en La Habana. En 1927 nace en Tardebigg el químico y farmacólogo inglés John R. Vane. Compartió el premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología de 1982 con los bioquímicos suecos Sune K. Bergström y Bengt I. Samuelsson. Los tres se hicieron acreedores del premio por los nuevos conocimientos que aportaron sobre las funciones de las prostaglandinas y de las sustancias biológicamente activas. El 30 de marzo de 1849 muere en La Habana el doctor Tomás Romay Chacón, introductor, aplicador y propagador de la vacuna antivariólica en Cuba. El 31 de marzo de 1847,  Vicente Antonio de Castro da a conocer el aparato para inhalaciones de éter de Charriere. Interesante, ¿verdad?

  7. Exciting Message from a Dying Monster Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-03-01

    this is radiation from a SiO maser in the atmosphere of the star. If it would not have been a maser, it would have been far too weak to have been detected. Although we know several hundred masers of this type in the Milky Way, this is the first discovery of a SiO maser in another galaxy than our own . Since then, the observations have been continued in collaboration with Australian astronomers, using radio telescopes at Parkes and Mopra on that continent. A most unusual star When Swedish astronomer Bengt Westerlund and his colleagues first observed this LMC maser star in 1981 with optical telescopes, they thought that it was a rather normal, cool and not particularly bright star. However, a few years later, the Dutch-British-USA InfraRed Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) revealed its true nature. The IRAS measurements showed that the star radiates most of its light in the form of infrared radiation [4], making it one of the most powerful stars in the LMC; in fact, it emits about half a million times more energy than the Sun. On this occasion, it was given the designation IRAS 04553-6825 , the number indicating its position in the sky. IRAS 04553-6825 is unusual in other ways. It is some fifty times as heavy as our Sun, and it is the biggest known star in the LMC: if it were to take the place of our Sun, it would fill the solar system out to the planet Neptune, thirty times the distance from the Earth to the Sun. It is rather cool when compared to other stars - although it still has a temperature of about 2,000 C - and it therefore has a very red colour [5]. This Press Release is accompanied by ESO Press Photo 15/96 which demonstrates that while the star is hardly visible in blue light, it shines brightly in red and infrared light. Stars like IRAS 04553-6825 are known as red supergiants. It has been unofficially dubbed `The Monster', and having reached the end of a short and hectic life, it is now dying. The nuclear reactions deep inside are undergoing important changes at

  8. The Glory of a Nearby Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-01

    , 1999. Two years ago, on August 11, 1999, the shadow of the Moon moved rapidly across Europe and millions of eager observers experienced a total solar eclipse , many for the first time in their lives. Those who had a clear view during the 2-min phase of totality were able to see the glorious solar corona , a shimmering halo of light around the eclipsed solar disk, cf. PR Photo 24a/01 . Some 130 years earlier, during a total solar eclipse on August, 7, 1869, American astronomers William Harkness and Charles Young observed a weak spectral emission line from the solar corona in the green region of the spectrum; it was visible for a couple of minutes. However, despite an enormous amount of work, both at the telescope during subsequent eclipses and in the laboratory, this emission line could not be attributed to any known chemical element. As the years passed, the mystery of the origin of this emission line deepened and some astronomers went as far as introducing an entirely new element named 'coronium' [1]. As better instruments became available, more coronal lines were seen during later solar eclipses. A hot corona It was only after 70 years that the coronium mystery was finally solved by two astrophysicists, Walter Grotrian from Germany and Bengt Edlén from Sweden. They showed that two observed emission lines arise from iron atoms which have lost about half their 26 electrons . By 1941, all of the coronal lines had been found to originate from such highly 'ionized atoms' . The successful identification created, however, another puzzle: in order to strip iron atoms of half of their electrons, temperatures of more than one million degrees are required, yet the temperature of the surface of the Sun is only of the order of 5500 °C! The astronomers in the 1940's were well aware that the Sun's energy is produced in the interior and that heat flows outwards from hotter to cooler regions. So how could there be a much hotter corona above the cooler photosphere? Since then, much

  9. UVES Analyses the Universe: A First Portfolio of Most Promising Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-04-01

    formation rate at this early stage of the evolution of the galaxy. Notes [1] 1 billion = 1,000 million. [2] These figures indicate the percentage of the photons from a celestial object entering the UVES spectrograph slit that are effectively registered by the detectors. For comparison, astronomical spectrographs constructed in the early 1990's only reached efficiencies of the order of 5% and 10% in these wavebands, respectively. The very effective performance of UVES thus signifies another important gain (in addition to that caused by the large mirror of KUEYEN), allowing comparatively fainter objects to be observed, or shorter integration times in the case of brighter objects. [3] The "spectral resolution" indicates the amount of spectral detail that is registered. The number is calculated as the wavelength of observation, divided by the smallest wavelength difference at which two spectral lines can still be resolved. A resolution of 115,000 at the wavelength of H-alpha, a prominent hydrogen emission line at 656.2 nm in the red spectral region, thus corresponds to the possibility of recording individual spectral features that are only 0.006 nm apart (or a velocity difference of about 0.26 km/sec). [4] The UVES Instrument Science Team was constituted at the end of 1992 and is composed by Bengt Gustafsson (Uppsala Observatory, Sweden), Herman Hensberge (Royal Observatory, Bruxelles, Belgium), Paolo Molaro (Trieste Astronomical Observatory, Italy) and Poul Erik Nissen (Chairman, Aarhus University, Denmark). The team members followed the development of the instrument from the early design phase to its installation at Paranal, providing timely advice on all science-related matters. Antoinette Songaila (Hawaii, USA) and Francesco Bertola (Padova, Italy) also contributed to the first evaluation of the data. A. The Beryllium Abundance in Extremely Metal-Poor Stars Together with lithium (Li) and boron (B), beryllium (Be) belongs to a small group of elements (the "light elements