WorldWideScience

Sample records for belyst ved sygehusstatistik

  1. Pragmatiske ferdigheter hos barn med cochleaimplantat : - belyst ved et kasusstudie

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Pragmatiske ferdigheter hos barn med cochleaimplantat - belyst ved et kasusstudie. Bakgrunn: Cochleaimplantat (CI) er et høreapparat som gir sterkt hørselshemmede muligheten til å oppfatte lyd. Elektroder implanteres i sneglehuset (cochlea) og stimulerer hørselsnerven direkte (MED-EL 2006, Waltzman 2005). Forskning rundt barn med CI og deres språkutvikling har hovedsakelig vært konsentrert rundt de lingvistiske sidene ved språket (Thoutenhoofd m. fl. 2005). Like viktig vil det være å se p...

  2. Analyse af rødvine ved hjælp af kemiske analysemetoder

    OpenAIRE

    Bjerre, Peter; Eilersen, Pernille Rikke; Hansen, Charlotte Kæstel; Hansen, Simon Lynge; Jeppesen, Nanna Søndergaard; Windfeld, Ronja

    2008-01-01

    1 Abstrakt Formålet med dette projekt er at undersøge, om det er muligt at klassificere forskellige druetyper i rødvine ved hjælp af kemiske analysemetoder som ultraviolet/visuel spektroskopi, UV/Vis, infrarød spektroskopi, IR, og high performance liquid chromatography, HPLC. Problemstillingen er blevet belyst ved hjælp af forsøgsresultater fra eksperimenter på Nationallaboratoriet for Bæredygtig Energi på Risø DTU og Roskilde Universitetscenter, samt ved litteraturstudier. I proje...

  3. Ved vejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Per; Dalsgaard, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    iBogs-udgave af Herman Bang: Ved Vejen, inkl. 646 ordforklaringer, 4 introduktioner, 4 anmeldelser, opgaver, 4 videoklip, 1 lydfil, 48 illustrationer, 3 stilesæt, litteraturliste......iBogs-udgave af Herman Bang: Ved Vejen, inkl. 646 ordforklaringer, 4 introduktioner, 4 anmeldelser, opgaver, 4 videoklip, 1 lydfil, 48 illustrationer, 3 stilesæt, litteraturliste...

  4. Thalassemi i Norge : Klinisk bilde, behandling og heterogenitet belyst ved en familiestudie

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Background: The thalassaemias are a group of inherited haemoglobin disorders frequently found in tropical and subtropical areas, evolutionary selected for due to carriers’ resistance to malaria. It is regarded as an autosomal recessive disorder. In Norway it is still a seldom disease although the incidence is increasing as a result of immigration from endemic countries. Many Norwegian doctors lack the experience and knowledge required to screen, diagnose and treat these patients. Although it ...

  5. Bruk av captive forsikringsselskap i internasjonal olje- og energiforsikring : Belyst ved Statoil Forsikring a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Oppgaven tar for seg bruken av captive forsikringsselskaper, herunder særskilt Statoil Forsikring a.s. I tillegg behandles den gjensidige mekanismen for energiforsikring - O.I.L., behovet for captive-fronting i fremmede jurisdiksjoner, samt forsikringsordningen for SDØE på norsk kontinentalsokkel.

  6. Lange patientintervaller ved colorectalcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anette Fischer; Vedsted, Peter

    2014-01-01

    I Danmark er overlevelsen ved colorectalcancer forbedret, men fortsat lavere end i mange andre lande. Det vides ikke, hvorfor overlevelsen ved colorectalcancer er lavere i Danmark end i lande, vi sædvanligvis sammenligner os med, men senere lægesøgning kan muligvis spille en rolle. »Patientinterv...

  7. Forekomsten af forkøleslse, snue og hoste blandt voksne danskere. Epidemiologi belyst ved DIKE's befolkningsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trier, H; Rasmussen, N K; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

    1991-01-01

    The occurrence of upper respiratory symptoms among adult Danes was examined by the use of data from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 1986-1987. In this study, 14.0 per cent of 6,672 individuals reported complaints of colds or coughs (CC) during the two-week period preceding the interview. R...

  8. Ligestilling ved Aarhus Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathias Wullum; Vinther, Ulrik Lerbech; Kalpazidou Schmidt, Evanthia;

    2015-01-01

    Med denne rapport ønsker forskningsgruppen under det FP7-finansierede projekt STAGES (Stuctural Transformations to Achieve Gender Equality in Science) ved Dansk Center for Forskningsanalyse (Institut for Statskundskab, Aarhus Universitet), at bidrage med fakta-baserede indspark til...

  9. Computertomografi anvendt ved retsmedicinske obduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Christoffersen, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Billeddiagnostiske metoder er ved at vinde indpas ved retsmedicinske obduktioner. Her redegøres for vores erfaringer med computertomografi (CT) ved retslægelige dødsfald. Materiale og metoder: Retrospektiv dobbeltblindet undersøgelse af 150 afdøde mennesker som blev CT-scannet og ob...

  10. Skalmure ved udvendig efterisolering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høffding Knutsson, H.

    Anvisningen giver en detaljeret beskrivelse af arbejdsmetoder ved skalmuring af fleretages bygninger og gennemgår de mange byggetekniske forhold der skal samordnes, når ældre eller nyere bygninger ønskes beklædt med skalmure. Anvisningen henvender sig til byggeriets teknikere, entreprenører og...

  11. Pressestivhed ved Verikal Belansning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paludan-Withen, Carsten; Marstrand, Jonas

    Dette projekt er udarbejdet som et polyteknisk midtvejsprojekt på Institut for Produktion og Ledelse. Det indgår som en del af EU-projektet Impress [1.], der drejer sig om at bestemme produktionspressers udbøjning under forskellige belastninger. Grundlaget for dette er, at man ved at kende en...

  12. Gevinster ved genanvendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dengsøe, N.

    I rapporten beskrives nogle centrale internationale undersøgelser af de miljø- og sundhedsmæssige effekter ved genanvendelse af affald. De forskellige undersøgelsesresultater sammenstilles og vurderes. Konklusionen i rapporten er, at det ikke er muligt at generere et sæt af danske beregningspriser...

  13. Flere facetter ved informationskompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjer, Sidsel Fallesen

    2012-01-01

    Den relationelle tilgang til informationskompetence præsenteret af Christine Bruce rummer flere perspektiver for undervisning i informationskompetence. Ved hjælp af spørgeskemaundersøgelser, observationer og interviews afdækkes og analyseres hvilke opfattelser af informationskompetence, der kan i...... forskellige repertoirer til at forstå information på og bruge den....

  14. Omkommet ved Brand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

      Afhandlingen består af tre delundersøgelser. Den første undersøgelse er en hypotesegenererende case-only undersøgelse af branddødsfald i hele landet i 1953-57 og 1988-92. I de to perioder omkom henholdsvis136 og 362 personer ved brandulykker. Mange af de omkomne var alkoholpåvirkede eller...

  15. Læseevaluering ved skolestart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Dorthe Klint

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler sprogscreening ved skolestart og giver et bud på hvilke konkret prøver en sådan screening kunne indeholde.......Artiklen omhandler sprogscreening ved skolestart og giver et bud på hvilke konkret prøver en sådan screening kunne indeholde....

  16. Lengdevekst ved anorexia nervosa

    OpenAIRE

    Mortensen, Synnøve Gjelsten

    2012-01-01

    Bakgrunn:Normal pubertetsutvikling krever god ernæringsstatus og normale hormonelle forhold. Ved anorexia nervosa (AN) sees en rekke endokrine adaptasjonsresponser sekundært til sult, bl.a. hypogonadotrop hypogonadisme og en karakteristisk, høy GH-sekresjon med perifer GH-resistans og medfølgende lav produksjon av IGF-1 i lever og annet vev. Det er observert at mange som behandles for AN er små for alderen og forblir lave etter tilfriskning. Dette kan skyldes at den dysfunksjonelle regulering...

  17. Vindscreening ved Multimediehuset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne undersøgelse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Multimediehuset på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige vindforhold for bygningens brugere og fodgængere i området omkring bygningen. Analysen bliver foretaget som en vindscreening og har derfor fokus på lokale forstærkninge...... af vinden. En vindklimaanalyse har større fokus på, om komforten og sikkerheden i et område er overskredet i et større tidsrum, end det kan accepteres. For at svare på det, er der behov for en mere detaljeret og større model samt en mere detaljeret behandling af vindstatistikken. Ved en...

  18. Gennemførelsesvejledning ved universiteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Undervisningsmateriale til uddannelse for AC-vejeldere ved universiteter: interview om gennemførelsesvejledning Fysisk medie: DVD......Undervisningsmateriale til uddannelse for AC-vejeldere ved universiteter: interview om gennemførelsesvejledning Fysisk medie: DVD...

  19. Helseeffekter ved tap av ektefelle

    OpenAIRE

    Gamre, Heidi

    2012-01-01

    Assosiasjonen mellom tap av ektefelle og økt risiko for egen død er godt dokumentert i litteraturen. Ekteskapet er funnet å ha beskyttende effekt på helsen. Effekten av utdanning er med utgangspunkt i litteraturen usikker. Studien vurderer risiko for død ved tap av ektefelle, ved hjelp av Cox-regresjonsanalyse og tidsavhengige kovariater. Risiko for død vurderes i forhold til kjønn, alder, tid etter dødsfall og utdanning. Studien tar utgangspunkt i norske registerdata, og danner en prospektiv...

  20. Jordrentetab ved arealekstensivering i landbruget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, J. S.

    I hidtidige opgørelser af jordrentetabet ved arealekstensivering i landbruget har der været generel konsensus om den metodiske tilgang. Derimod har anvendelsen af forskellige datakilder samt forskellige teknisk-økonomiske aspekter i opgørelsesmetoderne ført til forskellige niveauer for jordrenten...

  1. 00. Bevidsthed og retorik i dansk årtusindeskiftelyrik, belyst ved Pia Juul, Mette Moestrup og Ursula Andkjær Olsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kemp, Susanne

    flere samtidige tekstniveauer. Kapitel 4, Ursula Andkjær Olsen , viser i den retoriske gennemgang forfatterskabets karakter af komposition . Den bevidsthedskritiske læsning viser i en analyse a f forholdet mellem subjekt og kollektiv, hvordan Andkjær Olsens polyfone lyrik ikke kan siges at tage...

  2. Specialevejledning på seks måneder: De nye specialeregler belyst ved erfaringer fra Institut på Statskundskab, Københavns Universitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanne Nexø Jensen

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Artiklen, der bl.a. bygger på resultaterne fra en spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt specialevejledere på Institut for Statskundskab, KU, viser, at 6-månedersreglen har ført til mere fokus på tidsfaktoren i specialevejledningen, men formentlig også lidt ændrede krav til vejlederne.  Holdningen til 6-månedersreglen hos vejlederne er den samme som hos de studerende, nemlig positiv.In 2007, a 6-months deadline for thesis writing was introduced as a new rule at the Danish Universities. Based, among other things, on the findings from a survey among thesis supervisors at the Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen, the article shows that the rule has had impacts on the supervision practice. It has led to more focus among supervisors on the time factor, but probably also slightly changed student demands for supervision. The supervisors’ attitude to the rule is the same as the students, namely positive.

  3. Bio-Matematik ved Roskilde Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Johnny T.

    2010-01-01

    Ved Institut for Natur, Systemer og Modeller ved Roskilde Universitet finder man en velkonsolideret gruppe af forskere, BioMath-gruppen, der beskæftiger sig med Bio-Matematik og Bio-Medicinsk Modellering. Faktisk startede BioMath-gruppen på det tidligere Institut for Studiet af Matematik og Fysik...... pumper; 3) Endokrin fysiologi; 4) Type 1 og type 2 diabetes; 5) Populationsdynamik og sygdomsspredning; og 6) Parameterestimering i patient-specifikke modeller.   Udover overnævnte modelleringsområder har vi ved instituttet en stærk tradition for at beskæftige os med metaaspekter af modellering, f...

  4. Zoo handlede helt korrekt ved at aflive Marius

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabir, Fatima

    2014-01-01

    Det syntes rimeligt at konkludere, at Zoo har handlet helt korrekt og etisk forsvarligt ved aflivningen af giraffen.......Det syntes rimeligt at konkludere, at Zoo har handlet helt korrekt og etisk forsvarligt ved aflivningen af giraffen....

  5. Undersøkelse av rensegrader, driftsforhold og kostnader ved nitrogenfjerning og fangst med lukket ammoniakkstripping ved VEAS

    OpenAIRE

    Yasin, Ahmed Mohamud

    2012-01-01

    Sammendrag Historiske driftsdata ved det lukkede strippeanlegget ved Vestfjorden Avløpselskap (VEAS) ble analysert, bearbeidet og fremstilt for å finne ut om når strippeanlegget har godt bra og hvilken driftsfaktorer som har vært viktigst. Historiske driftsdata ble samtidig brukt til å beregne trykktap i strippeanleggets ulike prosessenheter, spesielt overføringsrørene for sirkulasjonsluft. I tillegg ble det foretatt beregning av driftskostnadene ved fjerning og fangst av nitrogen ved lukk...

  6. Omkostningseffektivitet ved hypertensionsbehandling med Losartan i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keiding, Hans; Hildebrandt, Per; Burke, Thomas;

    2006-01-01

    Formålet med denne analyse var set såvel fra samfundets som fra det danske sundhedsvæsens perspektiv at evaluere omkostningseffektiviteten af losartan sammenlignet med atenolol ved behandling af hypertension, baseret på Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE)-undersøgelsens data Udgivelsesdato...

  7. Moms ved samhandel mellem interesseforbundne parter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dennis Ramsdahl

    2004-01-01

    Interesseforbundne parter kan efter omstændighederne udnytte momssystemets fradragsmekanisme ved at fastsætte prisen for indbyrdes samhandel til et niveau, der ligger under leverancernes kostpris. Spørgsmålet er, om afgiftsmyndighederne har mulighed for at gribe korrigerende ind overfor sådanne t...

  8. Forlægning ved Kolind

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steenfelt, Jørgen S.; Thøgersen, Lotte

    I forbindelse med Kalø-Kolind, km 8,2-10,O : Forlægning ved Kolind skal der etableres en vej ud over et blødbundsområde med 3-9 m blødbund. Den nye vej forventes placeret 1,5 á 2,O m over eksisterende terræn og forventes forbelastet med en overhøjde på ca 2 m, svarende til en tillægsspænding Δσ ´1...... materialet fra disse prøverør er der udført 3 konsolideringsforsøg og 2 triaksialforsøg ved Geotekniklaboratoriet på Aalborg Universitet svarende til COWIs beskrivelse i fax dateret 1997- 08-28 og 97-09-23. Datarapport 1 indeholder de bearbejdede resultater fra disse forsøg....

  9. Smøremekanismer ved mekanisk formgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Jakob Ilsted; Bay, Niels; Eriksen, Morten

    1997-01-01

    I dette arbejde undersøges den Mikro Plasto Hydrodynamiske smøremekanisme som optræder ved plastisk formgivning, når hydrostatisk indfanget smøremiddel i overfladelommer trænger ud i den omgivende kontakt, og skaber lokale smørefilm mellem emne og værktøj.Smøremekanismen observeres og videofilmes...

  10. Rued Langgaard: Drapa (Ved Edvard Griegs Død)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsøe, Michael

    Kritisk revideret udgave af Rued Langgaard: DRAPA (Ved Edvard Griegs Død) (1907, rev. 1909, 1913) BVN 20, med forord, kildebeskrivelse og kritisk beretning......Kritisk revideret udgave af Rued Langgaard: DRAPA (Ved Edvard Griegs Død) (1907, rev. 1909, 1913) BVN 20, med forord, kildebeskrivelse og kritisk beretning...

  11. Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones......Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones...

  12. Vekst av patogene mikroorganismer ved ulike temperaturer

    OpenAIRE

    Røine, Marianne

    2010-01-01

    Oppgaven er en del av forskningsprosjektet ”Bedre mattrygghet i hjemmet gjennom risikoanalyse av forbrukerhåndtering av mat og evaluering av risikoreduserende tiltak”, et samarbeid mellom Nofima Mat og SIFO (statens institutt for forbruksforskning). En casestudie utført ved Nofima Mat, hvor 45 frivillige forbrukere ble tildelt temperaturlogger viste at gjennomsnittlig temperatur for kjøttpålegg var 6,2 °C, og at pålegget daglig ble utsatt for temperaturer over 20 °C i gjennomsnittlig 47...

  13. Hvor stor rolle er Fremskrittspartiet og Sosialistisk Venstreparti villig til å gi religion i et flerkulturelt samfunn? : Et komparativt studium av religionspolitiske holdninger i Fremskrittspartiet og Sosialistisk Venstreparti belyst ved debatten om hijab i det offentlige.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Dette prosjektet tar for seg Fremskrittspartiet og Sosialistisk Venstreparti sine holdninger til religion i det offentlige. Basert på partiprogram, analysemateriell fra media og intervjuer gjør jeg en komparativ fremstilling av FrP og SV, og søker med dette å finne ut hvor stor rolle partiene er villige til å gi religion i et flerkulturelt samfunn. Videre belyser jeg problematikken rundt religion i det offentlige gjennom et case-studie av hijabdebatten, der jeg knytter denne debatten opp mot ...

  14. Epidemiologi ved systemisk lupus erythematosus (SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge-Margrethe Gilboe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Det er utført få epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge. De studier som er utført viser liknende hyppighet og forekomst av SLE i Norge som i de øvrige nordiske land og forekomst av mild sykdom med en lav andel av alvorlig indre organ manifestasjoner. Insidens og prevalens er kartlagt i Nord-Norge visende en lavere insidens enn i de øvrige nordiske land, mens prevalensen er sammenliknbar. Tall fra Sverige tyder på stabil insidens, men økende prevalens, forenelig med økt overlevelse. Norske og nordiske studier viser høy kvinneandel og sammenliknbar alder ved diagnose. Studiene tyder på en høyere alder ved diagnose i Skandinavia enn i USA og England. Ut fra de nordiske studier er overlevelsen ved SLE god, selv om den er lavere enn i den generelle befolkningen. Overlevelse i de nordiske og europeiske land er sammenliknbare.Selv om overlevelsen ved SLE er betydelig bedret over tid utgjorde aktiv SLE og infeksjoner 50% av dødsårsakene i den danske mortalitetsstudien. Aterosklerotisk hjerte-karsykdom var en hyppig dødsårsak i alle studiene. Kardiovaskulær sykdom som hovedårsak til død ved SLE er påvist i den store internasjonale studien hvor pasienter fra Island og Sverige deltok og i andre europeiske og internasjonale studier. Betydelig økt risiko for hjerteinfarkt hos unge SLE-kvinner i Sverige er også påvist tidligere i internasjonale studier og styrker teorien om at SLE per ce er en selvstendig risikofaktor for aterosklerose. Det er ønskelig med flere epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge.There has been few studies on the epidemiology of SLE in Norway. The studies that have been conducted show similar frequency and occurence of SLE in Norway in comparison to the other Nordic countries, and mainly occurence of mild disease with only a low proportion suffering severe internal organ involvement. Studies on incidence and prevalence in the northern part of Norway show a lower incidence than in other Nordic countries, but a

  15. Kapasiteten til trevirke ved trykk tvers på fiber

    OpenAIRE

    Moseng, Morten; Hagle, David Alexander Avann

    2012-01-01

    Sammendrag I denne masteroppgaven er det sett på problematikken ved trykk tvers på fiber i materialer av lim- og heltre. Ved innføringen av den nye trestandarden Eurocode 5 med nye beregningsmetoder og reduserte fasthetsegenskaper, har dette medført utfordringer for treindustrien. Dette har først og fremst ført til en dyrere byggeprosess, men også til mer eller mindre frustrasjon. Derfor er det skapt et ønske om en enklere og mer nøyaktig beregningsmetode for bæreevnen ved trykk tvers på ...

  16. Effekten på sangsvane ved etablering af en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, J. K.; Clausen, P.

    I forbindelse med planerne om at etablere en vindmøllepark ved Overgaard gods ønskes en redegørelse af de mulige konsekvenser for forekomsten af vandfugle. Ved den påtænkte placering kommer vindmølleparken til at støde op til EF-fuglebeskyttelsesområde nr. 15/Ramsar-område nr. 11. Redegørelsen...... koncentrerer sig om sangsvane, idet den både er den talrigeste og den vigtigste vandfugleart i området. Sangsvanerne forekommer regelmæssigt ved Overgaard i et antal der svarer til mere end 1% af hele den kontinentale nordvesteuropæiske fly-way bestand. En forekomst på 1% og derover bruges som mål...... for klassificering af et område af international betydning. Med udgangspunkt i sangsvane vurderes den påtænkte vindmøllepark i relation til 1) effekten på antal og fordeling af fugle, dels i Overgaard området som helhed og, dels i EF-fuglebeskyttelses-/Ramsar-området, og 2) risiko for kollisioner. Vindmølleparkens...

  17. Omkostninger ved udvalgte landbrugstiltag til styrkelse af biodiversiteten i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schou, J. S.; Møller, F.; Birr-Pedersen, K.

    I rapporten præsenteres analyser udført for Wilhjelmudvalget af omkostningerne ved udvalgte tiltag på landbrugsområdet til styrkelse af biodiversiteten i Danmark. De økonomiske konsekvenser opgøres ved det budget- og velfærdsøkonomiske jordrentetab beregnet som forskellen i jordrenten ved den...... af eksisterende husdyrproduktion øges omkostningerne markant, medens ekstensivering af sætningstruede jorde eller arealer langs vandløb kan reducere omkostningerne. Det har ikke været muligt at inkludere de natur- og miljømæssige gevinster i analysen, men ved en prioritering mellem tiltagene, bør de...

  18. Strømmålinger ved Glatved

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.

    På foranledning af ELSAM, Kraftværksafdelingen, Fredericia, har Laboratoriet for Hydraulik og Havnebygning, Aalborg Universitetscenter udført hydrografiske undersøgelser for en eventuel kulhavn ved Glatved.......På foranledning af ELSAM, Kraftværksafdelingen, Fredericia, har Laboratoriet for Hydraulik og Havnebygning, Aalborg Universitetscenter udført hydrografiske undersøgelser for en eventuel kulhavn ved Glatved....

  19. Iværksætteri ved knopskydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Evald, Majbritt Rostgaard

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen ser nærmere på iværksætteri ved knopskydning - hvorfor knopskydning fra eksisterende virksomheder menes at give positive bidrag til vækst og overlevelse blandt iværksætterne blandt andet ved at se på internationale undersøgelser, der er foretaget af forskellige typer af knopskydning. Art....... Artiklen kaster lys over, hvor udbredt knopskydning er som kilde til virksomhedsetableringer i Danmark. Udgivelsesdato: 6/9...

  20. Analyse av konsekvenser ved oppvarming av bygninger i Norge ved vannbåren varme

    OpenAIRE

    Sesseng, Erik Hegseth

    2008-01-01

    I Norge er elektrisitet den mest anvendte energikilden til oppvarming av bygninger. Dette er uvanlig i andre europeiske land, hvor vannbåren varme er det dominerende oppvarmingssystemet. Hovedmålet med denne oppgaven er å analysere potensialet for en omlegging til vannbåren varme i Norge fram til 2020. Ved å studere de tekniske, miljømessige og økonomiske konsekvensene en omlegging vil medføre. I denne rapporten ble det utført økonomiske analyser for lønnsomheten av vannbårene varmesystemer ...

  1. Miljøundersøgelser ved Kvanefjeldet 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmund, G.

    I 1982 og 1983 blev der brudt uranmalm i Kvanefjeldet ved Narsaq i Sydgrønland. Noget af denne malm blev fragtet til Forsøgscenter Risø ved Roskilde til brug for en prøveoparbejdning. Noget malm blev anbragt i bunker neden for Kvanefjeldet, og noget malm blev tippet ud over fjeldsiden lige udenfor....... Vegetationen omkring malmbunker og sten-tip har kun i begrænset omfang taget skade, og ny vegetation var ved at spire op i bunkerne. Tang, blåmusling og fjeldørred er blevet indsamlet i sommeren 2001 og analyseret for grundstofferne Hg SeAs Be V CrMn Fe CoNi Zn Rb Y ZrNbMo Cd Sb Ba Pb Th U samt 'Sjældne...

  2. Analyse av en platehøyttaler ved elementmetoden

    OpenAIRE

    Sørgjerd, Trond Ågesen

    2010-01-01

    Denne oppgaven tar for seg avstråling fra en platehøyttaler (såkalt Distributed Mo- de Loudspeaker, DML). Ved hjelp av simuleringer av panelet med endelig element- metoden i COMSOL Multiphysics, beregning av avstråling ved det diskretiserte Rayliegh-integralet i MATLAB og sammenligning med tidligere målearbeider, har en kartlagt egenskapene til høyttaleren. Oppgaven er vel så mye en studie i bruk av numeriske verktøy, og deres begrensinger, som med platemekanikk.

  3. What Is a Vocational Student? Why VEDS IS Inadequate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldon, M. Stephen

    1983-01-01

    Criticizes the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) because it tries to apply a universal criterion to institutions and individuals which are not comparable. Discusses the California Statewide Longitudinal Study that found a better way to evaluate college programs on the basis of student outcomes. (JOW)

  4. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, P.; Riget, F.; Asmund, G.

    Produktionen i bly-zink minevirksomheden i Maarmorilik ophørte i 1990. Miljøtilstanden i området er siden blevet undersøgt årligt ved indsamling og analyse for bly og zink i havvand samt lav og dyr fra området. Denne rapport præsenterer resulta-terne af de undersøgelser, som blev udført i 1997. I...... forhold til tidligere år var undersøgelserne i 1997 af mindre omfang, idet nogle elementer i det undersøgelsesprogram, som er planlagt udført efter minens lukning, ikke udføres hvert år. Spredning af bly og zink med støv fra minevirksomheden er undersøgt ved at indsamle og analysere lavarten Cetraria...... nivalis i området ved Maarmorilik. Der blev i 1997 dels indsamlet og analyseret naturligt forekommende lav i området og dels lav, som i 1996 var blevet transplanteret (flyttet) fra en uforurenet lokalitet til flere lokaliteter ved Maarmorilik. Metalkoncentrationerne i det transplanterede lav var i de...

  5. Optagelsessamtaler på medicin-studiet ved Aarhus Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreassen, Pernille; Pedersen, Kamilla; Jensen, Rune Dall;

    2016-01-01

    teste ikke-kognitive kompetencer. Den MMI vi pilottestede ved denne lejlighed bestod af otte på hinan-den følgende interviewstationer med fire overordnede indholdsdomæner (samarbejde, em-pati, kommunikation og robusthed). Hver station varede otte minutter, og på hver station fik testtageren en opgave...

  6. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel fortsætter gennemgangen og vurderingen af argumentationen, i  IASBs  diskussions-rapport (DP) om mulige målegrundlag, der kan benyttes ved første indregning. DP'et peger entydigt på, at aktiver og forpligtelser bør måles til fair values, såfremt disse kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt...

  7. Effektivisering af forbelastning ved anvendelse af vertikaldræn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, B. S.; Sørensen, Carsten S.

    2000-01-01

    delelementer af vejen, udføres vejen ved forbelastning. Sætninger fra traditionel konsolidering af forbelastning vil tage 30 år. Da denne periode skal reduceres til 20 måneder, vælges at etablere vertikal dræn gennem forbelastningsdæmningen. Herved reduceres drænvejen fra 6,O m til 0,5 m og drænretningen...

  8. Censor ved de faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldberg, Stig; Jørgensen, Claus Bo

    Denne publikation, som indeholder en filmsekvens og et arbejdshæfte, kan vejlede censorer og skuemestre ved faglige prøver i erhvervsuddannelserne. Arbejdshæftet indeholder både gode råd og henvisninger til de relevante regler for prøver og bedømmelser. Filmsekvensen er på cirka ni minutter og me...... kopieres. Materialet kan frit downloades og installeres på den enkelte skoles intranet....

  9. Rør blot ikke ved min Thailands-tur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Kjerulf

    2010-01-01

    Klimabevidsthed er ved at blive en fast understrøm i danskernes kollektive bevidsthed. Men klimahensyn er dog langt fra lige så selvfølgeligt som hensynet til velfærd eller øget økonomisk vækst. Og hensyn til miljøet er ligefrem et ugyldigt argument i mange sammenhænge. F.eks. udløser det kold...

  10. Differensialdiagnostiske avveininger ved Asperger syndrom, ADHD og Reaktiv tilknytningsforstyrrelse

    OpenAIRE

    Høidal, Reidun

    2013-01-01

    Problemstilling: Det er en todelt problemstilling i denne oppgaven:«Årsaker til, symptomer ved og barne- og ungdomspsykiatrisk utredning av Asperger syndrom, ADHD og RAD» «Overlappende symptomer og differnesialdiagnostiske kriterier for å skille mellom Asperger syndrom, ADHD og RAD»Metode: Litteratursøk i Google Scholar-basen gjennomført 17,18 og 19.januar 2012. Søkeordene var: ADHD/hyperkinetisk forstyrrelse, reactive attachment disorders, disinhibibited attachment, inhibited attachment, att...

  11. Strindheimtunnelen - Stabilitetsanalyse og vurderinger av påhugget ved dagsone vest

    OpenAIRE

    Gylland, Asgeir Samstad

    2012-01-01

    Som del av nye E6 fra Trondheim til Stjørdal skal det bygges en ny tunnel fra Nyhavna til Strindheim. Strindheimtunnelen vil ved ferdigstillelse i 2014 bestå av to parallelle løp med tverrsnitt T9,5 og lengde 2,5 km. Ved dagsonen på Nyhavna (dagsone vest) vil tunnelen ligge som en 300 meter lang betongtunnel i kvikkleire ved nedre Møllenberg før den kommer ut i dagen ved Nyhavna. Pågrunn av det tettbebygde området og den ustabile kvikkleira er det satt ...

  12. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  13. Eidangertunnelen: Valg av drivemetode ved forsering av kritisk sone

    OpenAIRE

    Einarson, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Entreprisen UFP-08 Eidanger er et komplekst jernbaneprosjekt som er en av fire grunnentrepriser i parsell nr. 12 mellom Farriseidet-Porsgrunn. Eidangertunnelen er hoveddelen i entreprisen UFP-08 Eidanger. Den største utfordringen for prosjektet er den kritiske sonen ved Tveitanlia.Den kritiske sonen består av lav fjelloverdekning med en minste masseoverdekning på 8,0 m. I forbindelse med kartlegging av terrenget har det blitt gjennomført gode forundersøkelser i prosje...

  14. Eidangertunnelen : Valg av drivemetode ved forsering av kritisk sone

    OpenAIRE

    Einarson, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Entreprisen UFP-08 Eidanger er et komplekst jernbaneprosjekt som er en av fire grunnentrepriser i parsell nr. 12 mellom Farriseidet-Porsgrunn. Eidangertunnelen er hoveddelen i entreprisen UFP-08 Eidanger. Den største utfordringen for prosjektet er den kritiske sonen ved Tveitanlia.Den kritiske sonen består av lav fjelloverdekning med en minste masseoverdekning på 8,0 m. I forbindelse med kartlegging av terrenget har det blitt gjennomført gode forundersøkelser i prosje...

  15. Stordrifts- og samdriftsfordele i det danske sygehusvæsen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels

    2009-01-01

    Denne tværsnitsundersøgelse analyserer omfanget af stordriftsfordele (economies of scale) og samdriftsfordele (economies of scope) for de offentlige sygehuse i Danmark i 2004.  Der er kun belyst forhold for somatiske behandlinger. Omkostningsforholdene er belyst ved hjælp af driftsudgifter fra sy...

  16. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    at at være innovationer. Dette kræver en kompleks og simultant overvejesle af teknologi, marked, netværk, slutbruger, infrastruktur, stordriftsøkonomi, kerneproduktindhold, IP, markedsmæssig position, og markedsudvikling - for blot at nævne nogle af de vigtigste. Men hvad så med koncepter og konceptudvikling...... "innovative koncepter"? Først vedrørende en forståelse af "innovation" i den industrielle kontekst. Udover den relativt sikre og simplistiske definition af: innovation = opfindelse + markedsmæssig succes, er der kun ganske få forsøg i den danske industrikontekst på at definere målene for, eller aktiviteterne......Kommentar: Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter Af Tim McAloone, lektor ved DTU, redaktion@ing.dk, fredag 12. okt 2007 kl. 00:45 Innovationskonkurrencer og stimuleringen af kreative evner, både uden for og i etablerede virksomheder er oppe i tiden, hvor professionelle og lægfolk...

  17. Scientific theory and methodology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmgren, Steen

    2001-01-01

    Arbejdspapir om forskningsmetode og videnskabsteori, specielt dialogforskning, belyst ved case studiet i Holmbladsgade og med reference til generel teori og metode. Retter sig mod phd- og masterstuderende. Engelsk version af "Videnskabsteori og metodelære"...

  18. Private følgeinvesteringer ved områdefornyelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole

    Det er en god forretning, når stat og kommuner investerer i områdefornyelse i udsatte områder. Det motiverer også de private bygningsejere i området til at investere i forbedringer af deres ejendomme. Det viser en undersøgelse fra Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut ved Aalborg Universitet København......, der er udarbejdet for Ministeriet for By, Bolig og Landdistrikter. Denne pjece opsamler resultaterne fra undersøgelsen og viser eksempler på private investeringer som følge af områdefornyelse. Pjecen retter sig særligt mod kommunale byplanlæggere og indeholder også en række mulige emner, der kan indgå...

  19. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    IASB har publiceret en diskussionsrapport, i hvilken mulige målegrundlag, der kan anvendes ved første indregning i regnskabet, bliver afvejet i forhold til hinanden. Rapporten konkluderer, at fair values så vidt muligt bør anvendes, såfremt disse værdier kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt pålideligt. I...... modsat fald skal virksomhederne vælge et målegrundlag som substitut for fair values, der kan opgøres pålideligt. Substituttet skal være mest mulig konsistent med fair values, og anvendes på en måde, som bedst muligt afspejler det, som en måling til fair value sigter efter (the fair value measurement...

  20. Perspektiver ved indførelse af gratis offentlig transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Per Homann; Lohmann-Hansen, Anker; Holmberg, Bengt;

    den voksende trafik forstærkes. Der er samfundsøkonomiske fordele at hente ved at flytte en del af bilismen over i offentlig transport. Færre biler reducerer nemlig bilismens negative afledte effekter og dermed også samfundets udgifter til dem. Det er effekter som ulykker, luftforurening, CO2-udslip...... samfundsmæssige og langsigtede konsekvenser af at indføre gratis offentlig transport. Og på denne baggrund vurdere om gratis transport kunne være et velegnet politisk instrument til at imødegå de voksende problemer fra trafikken. Også borgeres holdninger, afvejninger og prioriteringer vil blive inddraget i...

  1. Effektivitetsanalyse av somatiske sengeposter ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge HF : en prestasjonsmåling ved bruk av DEA og SFA

    OpenAIRE

    Espejord, Morten; Jenssen Lægreid, Helge

    2012-01-01

    I oppgaven analyseres effektiviteten ved de somatiske sengepostene ved UNN for årene 2010 og 2011. Analysen foretas på enhetsnivå, og fokuserer først og fremst på den indre effektiviteten, altså hvor godt sengepostene utnytter sine ressurser. I oppgaven prøver vi også å finne sammenhenger mellom effektivitet og variabler som ikke inngår direkte i sengepostenes produktfunksjon. Oppgaven baserer seg primært på DEA (data envelopment analysis) som verktøy for å måle effektivitet. Som et supple...

  2. Koronar CT Angiografi : Optimalisering av protokoll ved bruk av betablokker og en kvantitativ bildeanalyse av koronararteriene hos en selektert pasientgruppe ved hjelp av et semi-automatisk plaquesoftware

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Formål: Formålet med del 1 av prosjektet er å redusere hjertefrekvensen til ≤60 hos pasientene i forkant av CT-undersøkelsen ved hjelp av per orale betablokker, slik at man kan benytte lavdoseprotokollen ”Step and shoot” på flest mulig. Formål med del 2 er å gjøre en kvantitativ bildeanalyse av koronararteriene på en selektert gruppe pasienter som er deltakere i et større prosjekt (RORA-studiet) ved hjelp av et nytt software (Plaque Analysis, Philips Healthcare). Intensjonen er å kartlegg...

  3. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India

    OpenAIRE

    Devnani, M; Gupta, AK; Nigah, R

    2010-01-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted...

  4. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  5. Life and consciousness – The Vedāntic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter — and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself – omne vivum ex vivo – life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  6. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  7. A Content Analysis of the VEDS Data Collection and Reporting Procedures Used by the 57 State Boards for Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Rocco P.

    Congress, using Public Law 94-482 entitled Education Amendments of 1976, instructed the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to develop, implement, and operate the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS). As mandated by legislation, the primary purpose of VEDS is to provide a national reporting system to generate uniform data from the…

  8. Rapport 2 om forsøg ved Gl. Skagen med lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.

    Forsøg med anvendelse af lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode blev igangsat ved Gl. Skagen i januar 1999.......Forsøg med anvendelse af lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode blev igangsat ved Gl. Skagen i januar 1999....

  9. Rapport 3 om forsøg ved Gl. Skagen med lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.

    Forsøg med anvendelse af lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode blev igangsat ved Gl. Skagen i januar 1999.......Forsøg med anvendelse af lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode blev igangsat ved Gl. Skagen i januar 1999....

  10. R og bevægelser står til nul mandater ved EU-valget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    EU-VALG: Altinget.dks valgekspert, professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen, kommenterer, hvordan de 13 danske mandater netop nu ser ud til at fordele sig ved junis EU-valg.......EU-VALG: Altinget.dks valgekspert, professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen, kommenterer, hvordan de 13 danske mandater netop nu ser ud til at fordele sig ved junis EU-valg....

  11. Helseøkonomisk evaluering ved Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunhild Hagen

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available På grunn av begrensede ressurser kan ikke alle nye metoder som er effektive bli introdusert i helsevesenet. Det er derfor nødvendig å prioritere mellom disse nye metodene.Helseøkonomiske evalueringer kan være et nyttig verktøy for å synliggjøre kostnader og helseeffekter knyttet til ulike metoder. Helseøkonomiske evalueringer er en integrert del av de fleste medisinske metodevurderinger (HTAs utført av Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten (Kunnskapssenteret. Disse helseøkonomiske evalueringene er vanligvis basert på modeller som bruker forskjellige typer publiserte data for å beregne forventede kostnader og helseeffekter knyttet til ulike behandlingsalternativer.I denne artikkelen presenterer vi noe av det metodiske grunnlaget for økonomiske evalueringer utført ved Kunnskapssenteret. Vi beskriver hvordan vi går fram for å sette opp en slik modell og diskuterer noen av de ulike typer av data som er nødvendige. En egen seksjon på følsomhetsanalyser og usikkerhetsaspekter er gitt på slutten, og dette kobles til et annet mulig resultat av helseøkonomiske evalueringer: kostnadseffektiviteten av å utføre ny forskning.Hagen G, Wisløff T, Klemp M. Health economic evaluation at the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC. Nor J Epidemiol 2013; 23 (2: 157-164.ENGLISH SUMMARYDue to resource constraints, all new interventions that are effective cannot be introduced into the health care system. Hence, it is necessary to prioritize between these new interventions.Health economic evaluations can be a useful tool to illustrate the costs and health outcomes associated with different treatment options. Health economic evaluations are an integral part of most health technology assessments (HTAs performed by the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services (NOKC. These health economic evaluations are usually based on models that synthesize different types of published data, in order to calculate the expected

  12. For bestemmelse af drivhusgasudledning ved udtagning/Ekstensivering af landbrugsjorder på kulstofrige lavbundsjorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldenkærne, Steen; Greve, Mogens Humlekrog

    Sammenfatning: Rapporten beskriver hvordan man kan beregne ændringen i drivhusgasemissionen ved omlægning af landbrugsjord til naturarealer. Rapporten er primært rettet mod tilskudsordningen vedr. udtagning af organiske lavbundsjorde, men kan også anvendes i andre sammenhænge. Rapporten anvender ...

  13. Manual for udførelse af triaksialforsøg ved AAU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, Lotte

    Kontinuerlige ødometerforsøg er en ny type forsøg udført ved Laboratoriet for Fundering på Aalborg Universitet. Det kontinuerlige ødometerforsøg udføres i et triaxialapparat og med brug af de samme type transducerer, belastningsarrangementer og opsamlingsenheder. Der vil i rapporten beskrives en ...

  14. Støberiteknik ved DTU. Status for 2002. Del 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiedje, Niels

    2003-01-01

    Artiklen er en beskrivelse af de nye laboratoriefaciliteter, der er opbygget ved DTU gennem de seneste tre år inden for støberiteknik. Der bliver desuden gennemgået en række eksempler på projekter, der er i gang inden for området på IPL....

  15. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  16. Mobbedommen i Rt. 2012 s. 146 - En analyse av retten til erstatning ved mobbing i grunnskolen

    OpenAIRE

    Haug, Linn

    2014-01-01

    Foretar en analyse av Rt. 2012 s. 146 og undersøker hvorvidt dommen har bidratt til en utvikling i gjeldende rett, eller om den stadfester eller presiserer gjeldende rett. Foretar videre to korte sammenligninger med mobbing i arbeidslivet og rettstilstanden ved mobbing i skolen i Sverige og Danmark.

  17. Iværksætteri ved knopskydning - en tredje vej til regional vækst og udvikling?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Evald, Majbritt Rosgaard

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen ser på iværksætteri ved knopskydning - hvorfor knopskydning fra eksisterende virksomheder menes at give positive bidrag til vækst og overlevelse blandt iværksætterne blandt andet ved at se på internationale undersøgelser, der er foretaget af forskellige typer af knopskydning. Artiklen ka...... kaster lys over, hvor udbredt knopskydning er som kilde til virksomhedsetableringer i Danmark. Udgivelsesdato: 6. september...

  18. Performance of viscoelastic dampers (VED) under various temperatures and application of magnetorheological dampers (MRD) for seismic control of structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatti, Abdul Qadir

    2013-08-01

    A number of studies have been carried out to investigate the performance of viscoelastic dampers (VEDs) and magnetorheological dampers (MRDs) in controlling the seismic response of buildings, but very few of them regarding the effect of temperature on the behavior of those dampers. The energy absorption properties of the VEDs are dependent on the ambient temperature, excitation frequency and strain amplitude. Several mathematical models have been investigated for reproducing the experimental behavior of single degree of freedom VEDs and MEDs. Of these, only the fractional derivative model can reflect the influence of temperature which is, however, so complex that it is difficult to apply in structural analysis. In order to verify the effect of temperature, two case studies of structural element have been conducted: once using VED and once using MRD. Kelvin-Voigt mathematical model applied, they were investigated and after analyzing the results, the force vs. displacement showed that MRD achieved a high force capacity and a better performance than VED. Furthermore, the effect of the temperature in case of VED observed via plotting the dissipated energy hysteresis at different temperatures. These results validate the effect of the temperature as the lower the temperature the more viscous the dashpot element becomes, hence improving damping, but this is up to a specific low temperature.

  19. A novel repressor-type homeobox gene, ved, is involved in dharma/bozozok-mediated dorsal organizer formation in zebrafish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Takashi; Yamanaka, Yojiro; Nojima, Hideaki; Yabe, Taijiro; Hibi, Masahiko; Hirano, Toshio

    2002-10-01

    Dharma/Bozozok (Dha/Boz) is a homeodomain protein containing an Engrailed homology (Eh) 1 repressor motif. It is important in zebrafish dorsal organizer formation. Dha/Boz interacted with a co-repressor Groucho through the Eh1 motif. Expression of a Dha/Boz fused to the transcriptional activator VP16 repressed dorsal axis formation and the expression of organizer genes but led to the dorsal expansion of expression of the homeobox gene vox/vega1, indicating that Dha/Boz functions as a transcriptional repressor for dorsal axis formation. We also isolated a novel homeobox gene, ved, whose expression was negatively regulated by dha/boz. ved's sequence and expression profile were similar to those of vox/vega1 and vent/vega2. Like Vox/Vega1 and Vent/Vega2, Ved acted as a transcriptional repressor. The combined inhibition of ved, vox/vega1, and vent/vega2, by antisense morpholino injection, strongly dorsalized the embryos and elicited ventral expansion of organizer gene expression, compared with the effect of inhibiting each of these genes alone. These results suggest that ved is a target for the repressor Dha/Boz. Ved functions redundantly with vox/vega1 and vent/vega2 to restrict the organizer domain.

  20. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy.

  1. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy. PMID:21264126

  2. Biologisk overvåkning av Adalsbekken i 2008 og 2009 i forbindelse med anleggsarbeider ved ny RV 306 ved Skoppum i Vestfold.

    OpenAIRE

    Bækken, T.; Haugen, T.; Bergan, M.

    2010-01-01

    Ny veistrekning med bru over Adalsbekken ved Skoppum har medført anleggsarbeider som kunne påvirke dyrelivet i bekken. Området er av Horten kommune ansett å være ”verdifullt” eller ”svært verdifullt”. Med unntak av en sidebekk, var situasjonen for bunndyr etter anleggsslutt i 2009 forholdsvis lik den som ble registrert før anleggsstart i 2008. I sidebekken var imidlertid tettheten av bunndyr sterkt redusert i 2009 pga. anleggsarbeid. Vi regner med at hovedgruppene av bunndyr er tilbake her et...

  3. Tilsidesættelse af ægtefællers urimelige aftaler om lejemålet ved separation og skilsmisse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Louise

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler retsforholdet mellem ægtefæller ved indgåelse af aftaler om lejemålet ved separartion og skilsmisse. Det undersøges, hvilke omstændigheder domstolene tillægger betydning ved tilsidesættelse af ægtefællernes aftale om retten til lejemålet som urimelig, jf. ægteskabslovens § 58 og...

  4. Analyse av residuallast ved økende markedsandeler av vind- og solkraftproduksjon i Skandinavia

    OpenAIRE

    Alfiler, Michael Genesis S.

    2015-01-01

    Tidligere studier indikerer utfordringer ved integrasjon av vind- og solkraft. Variabiliteten og lokasjonen av vind- og solkraft knyttes til disse utfordringene. Økende markedsandeler av variabel kraftproduksjon kan forsterke utfordringene dersom kraftsystemet evne til å tilpasse seg disse overstiges. I denne studien brukes varighetskurver for residuallast for å undersøke hvordan økende markedsandeler av vind- og solkraft påvirker følgende systemmessige utfordringer i de ska...

  5. Thalidomide in combination with vincristine, epirubicin and dexamethasone (VED) for previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schütt, P; Ebeling, P; Buttkereit, U; Brandhorst, D; Opalka, B; Hoiczyk, M; Flasshove, M; Hense, J; Bojko, P; Metz, K; Moritz, T; Seeber, S; Nowrousian, M R

    2005-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the side-effects and efficacy of thalidomide in combination with an anthracycline-containing chemotherapy regimen in previously untreated myeloma patients. Thalidomide (400 mg/d) was combined with bolus injections of vincristine and epirubicin and oral dexamethasone (VED). Chemotherapy cycles were repeated every 3 wk until no further reduction in myeloma protein was observed, whereas the treatment with thalidomide was continued until disease progression. Thirty-one patients were enrolled, 12 patients were exclusively treated with thalidomide in combination with VED and 19 patients additionally received high-dose melphalan, for consolidation. Adverse events and response to therapy were assessed prior to treatment with high-dose chemotherapy. Response to thalidomide combined with VED was complete remission in six patients (19%), partial remission in 19 patients (61%), stable disease in five patients (16%), and progressive disease in one patient (3.2%). Grade 3 and 4 adverse events consisted of leukocytopenia in 10 patients (32%), and thrombocytopenia and anemia in one patient each (3.2%). Neutropenic infections grade 3 and 4 occurred in seven (23%) and three patients (9.7%), respectively, including two patients (6.5%) who died from septic shock. Deep vein thrombosis occurred in eight patients (26%), constipation in 20 patients (65%), and polyneuropathy in 20 patients (65%). The probability of event-free survival and overall survival in the whole group of patients at 36 months were 26 and 62%, respectively. In conclusion, the combination of thalidomide with VED appears to be highly effective in previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma, but it is associated with a high rate of thrombotic events, polyneuropathy, and neutropenic infections.

  6. Numerisk modellering af formfyldning ved støbning i selvkompakterende beton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Jon

    dækker over mange emner. I denne afhandling er der fokuseret på tre af dem ved hjælp af Finite Difference Method (FDM) / Finite Volume Method (FVM) baserede Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeller udviklet i både FLOW-3D og MATLAB. Den første undersøgelse fokuserer på de komplikationer der er knyttet...

  7. Hvad ved vi? Hvad vil vi? Hvad gør vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Lisbeth Angela Lunde

    2011-01-01

    fokus på professionslæring og kompetenceudvikling i et livslangt læringsperspektiv. DEtte kan gøres ved at man i kommunerne tænker i tre forskellige former for mentoring de første to år.: en til en menoring, supervision og transparen det første år og gruppementoring det andet år efterfulgt af peer...

  8. Finansiell crowdfunding - En oversikt over sentrale problemstillinger ved den selskaps- og finansmarkedsrettslige reguleringen

    OpenAIRE

    Hermansen, Helene Olaussen

    2014-01-01

    Avhandlingens tema er crowdfunding. Fenomenet crowdfunding er en alternativ finansieringsform som gir entreprenører og gründerbedrifter muligheten til å innhente kapital gjennom små bidrag fra et større antall personer. Finansiering skjer gjennom internettbaserte plattformer med tredjepart som formidler. Målet med avhandlingen er å klargjøre hvilke finansieringsalternativer en entreprenør har ved crowdfunding og hvordan kanaliseringen av denne finansieringen reguleres. Avhandlingen avgrenses ...

  9. Vedhæftningsstyrke af Spændliner ved Brandpåvirkning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Kristian Dahl

    , vil være på den sikre side, idet testen ikke tager højde for evt. effekter af snoning i det korte prøvelegeme eller sammentrækning af tværsnittets tråde ved belastning. Det kan tænkes, at disse effekter kunne øge vedhæftningsstyrken i kold tilstand navnlig for prægede liner. Forsøgsresultaterne kan på...

  10. Vedāntic view of life: Reply to Gustavo Caetano-Anollés.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2016-01-01

    The author would like to thank Professor Gustavo Caetano-Anollés from Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois for his interest in his work. We may sometimes observe that there is a noticeable difference between the anecdote people narrate about the implications of a scientific paper and the real conclusion of the paper. Prof. Gustavo Caetano-Anollés's response(1) is an ideal example of the same, where he has tried to make great hay about the implications of the article "Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view."(2) The Vedāntic view subscribes neither to the views of 'Creationist Movement'/'Intelligent Design', nor it supports some splendid anti-science proposal. Vedāntic view refutes the dominant reductionistic view of life in modern biology by proposing a viable alternative concept of 'Organic Whole' and thus serves a scientific critique to the nescience (avidyā) that is practiced on the name of science. PMID:27195069

  11. Effekter og økonomiske konsekvenser ved afsaltet havvand til drikkevandsformål

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rygaard, Martin

    2015-01-01

    væsentlige økonomiske gevinster ved at afsalte havvand til vandforsyningen i København. Besparelsen forudsætter, at det afsaltede vand remineraliseres med fluorid og magnesium, så risikoen for negative konsekvenser for sundhed reduceres. Besparelserne forventes at opnås allerede ved at erstatte >30% af...... Københavns nuværende vandforsyning med afsaltet havvand (se figur). Ved fuldstændigt at overgå til afsaltet havvand er den samlede besparelse anslået til €0,3 per m3 leveret drikkevand. Konklusion og perspektivering Studiet viser, at indførelse af afsaltet vand remineraliseret med magnesium og fluorid kan...... medføre økonomiske fordele for samfundet, der er større end de ekstra produktionsudgifter. Omvendt viser resultaterne også, at afsaltet vand med reduceret indhold af magnesium og fluorid kan have en negativ påvirkning af samfundsøkonomien. Baseret på studiet er der foreslået nye retningslinier for en...

  12. Feasibility Study of Impact of the Proposed National Vocational Education Data Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS) Forms on Reporting Systems for Secondary Vocational Education in Wisconsin. Project Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlmann, M. M.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of implementing a reporting system, the National Vocational Education Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS), for secondary vocational education in Wisconsin. As proposed by the National Center for Educational Statistics, the VEDS system is a comprehensive information collection package to provide…

  13. Consciousness, cognition and the cognitive apparatus in the Vedānta tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian R

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness, mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it.

  14. Consciousness, cognition and the cognitive apparatus in the vedānta tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it.

  15. Consciousness, cognition and the cognitive apparatus in the vedānta tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it. PMID:21694962

  16. Prediksjon av 8.klassingers alkoholbruk ved å kombinere Theory of planned behavior og alkoholforventninger

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Sammendrag Skrevet av Malin Dieseth. Veileder: Henrik Natvig. Tittel: Prediksjon av 8. klassingers alkoholbruk ved å kombinere Theory of planned behavior og alkoholforventninger Besvarelsen baserer seg på datamateriale innsamlet av Rusmiddeldirektoratet i 2002. Survey ́en kartla ungdoms forhold til alkohol. Utvalget bestod av 978 skoleelever på åttende klassetrinn fra ulike steder i Norge. Elevene fylte ut spørreundersøkelsen ”Ungdom og alkohol” to ganger med fire måneders mellomrom. U...

  17. Omkostninger og gevinster ved at genoprette Danmarks vandmiljø og Østersøen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2009-01-01

    Om få år vil det blive muligt at opgøre omkostningerne for det danske samfund ved at bringe den økologiske kvalitet i såvel søer og vandløb som i de indre danske farvande og den øvrige del af Østersøen op på det niveau, som EU kræver. Det vil samtidig blive muligt over for politikerne og de tre i...

  18. Erstatningsansvar ved mobbing i den offentlige grunnskolen : Med hovedvekt på kommunens erstatningsansvar

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Temaet for oppgaven er erstatningsansvar ved mobbing i den offentlige grunnskolen. Oppgavens hovedformål vil være å redegjøre for kommunens erstatningsansvar når grunnskoleelever har vært utsatt for skadevoldende mobbing. Mobbing i grunnskolen er et sammensatt problem, og årsaken til mobbing kan være mange. Vilkårene for å kunne kreve erstatning er at det foreligger et ansvarsgrunnlag, årsakssammenheng og som hovedregel at mobbingen har ført til et økonomisk tap.

  19. EBSD karakterisering av et austenittisk rustfritt AISI 304 stål under in situ deformasjon ved ulike temperaturer

    OpenAIRE

    Wenn, Maia

    2014-01-01

    Denne masteroppgaven kartlegger martensittdannelsen i et austenittisk rustfritt stål som følge av ytre påkjenninger i form av temperatur og spenning. Dette er gjort ved hjelp av in situ deformasjon i skanning elektronmikroskop (SEM) i kombinasjon med diffraksjon av tilbakespredte elektroner (EBSD). Stålet som er undersøkt er AISI 304, som er et austenittisk rustfritt stål med en fullstendig austenittisk struktur. Stålet ble undersøkt ved tre forskjelli...

  20. Monitering, modellering og miljøvurdering af fuldskala afværge af TCE fourening ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Claus; Lemming, Gitte; Janniche, Gry Sander;

    På Sortebrovej 26 i Tommerup blev der i 2006 gennemført afværgeforanstaltninger ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering (SRD) ved injektion af donor og bakterier i kildeområdet med henblik på at oprense en forurening med TCE. Kildeområdet befinder sig 10-20 m u. t. i sandet og opsprækket moræneler...... gunstige forhold for nedbrydning af de klorerede ethener ved reduktiv deklorering. Der ses da også en klar dominans af nedbrydningsprodukterne DCE og VC samt ethen og ethan i grundvandet. I nogle boringer, ses dog en stagnerende omsætning af TCE og DCE i grundvandet. Årsagen her til kan være, at donoren...... da også fordoblet fra 2008 til 2010. Der er observeret zoner med betydelig omsætning af TCE, hvor cis-DCE dominerer, og der ses generelt VC og ethen centralt i disse zoner. Koncentrationsniveauet af fermenteringsprodukter er aftaget og består ved en sandslire (B370 K1) alene af acetat og methan...

  1. Enkel bestemmelse av metylkvikksølv i ekstraherte og dekomponerte biologiske prøvetyper ved bruk av kalddamp atomabsorpsjonsspektroskopi.

    OpenAIRE

    Mohanathas, Logana

    2010-01-01

    Hensikten med dette arbeidet var å utvikle en enkel metode for bestemmelse av metylkvikksølv (MeHg) i biologiske prøvetyper som blod, urin og hår. For å utvikle denne metoden ble det tatt i bruk tilgjengelige intrumenter ved Intitutt for plante- og miljøvitenskap, UMB. Totalkvikksølv (T-Hg) bestemmes i dag ved hjelp av kalddamp atomabsorpsjonsspektroskopi (CVAAS). Bestemmelse av MeHg ved bruk av CVAAS, krever en forutgående separasjon av kvikksølvspecier og oksidasjon av MeHg til Hg2+. Hydrog...

  2. Ved lejlighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogen forener moderne genreforskning med moderne Grundtvigforskning. Bogen giver dermed et nyt og originalt billede af Grundtvig, der viser ham som en forfatter med et langt bredere register af virkemidler og genrer, end man normalt tilskriver ham. Grundtvig er ikke bare et litterært næsehorn, me...

  3. Løsing av IQ-tester ved hjelp av kunstig intelligens

    OpenAIRE

    Fredriksen, Anders Lund

    2005-01-01

    IQ-tester har blitt brukt i en årrekke til å teste hvor intelligente mennesker er. Selv om det lenge har vært et mål å gjøre datamaskiner intelligente finnes det ingen lignende test for å sammenligne hvor langt utviklingen har kommet innen kunstig intelligens. Vi ønsker derfor å bruke IQ-tester laget for mennesker til å finne ut hvor godt en datamaskin løser slike oppgaver. Hvor bra en datamaskin gjør det på en IQ-test er dermed et mål for hvor kunstig intelligent denne er. Ved å kjøre en li...

  4. Er idrætslæreren ved at få en ny innovativ rolle?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    . Samtidig ved vi at digitale hjælpemidler kun i meget begrænset omfang bliver brugt i idrætsundervisningen, til trods for at fritidsidrætten efterhånden er spækket med digitale hjælpemidler. På den anden side er det kendt, at den megen stillesiddende aktivitet stiller nye krav til idrætslærerens funktion og...... mission på skolen. Det er derfor denne artikels formål at diskutere denne nye innovative rolle, som det kan fordre at ændre på idrætsundervisningens praksis, samt medvirke til børn og unges sundhed, der har med fysisk aktivitet at gøre. Samtidig vil artiklen introducere de følgende 3 artikler, som viser...

  5. Indledende undersøgelser af Wave Star lokaliteten ved Horns Rev

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kramer, Morten

    Havområdet ved Horns Rev havvindmøllepark er, pga. tilslutningsmulighederne for el, egnet til udbygning med et eller flere demonstrationsanlæg baseret på bølgekraft. Nærværende rapport beskriver detaljerede undersøgelser vedr. placering af den næste skala 1:2 maskine af Wave Star på lokaliteten....... Formålet med nærværende skrift er at beskrive bølgerne på lokaliteten mht. bølgehøjde, -periode og -retning, at estimere årsproduktionen fra en skala 1:2 Wave Star maskine og forventet orientering af maskinen for maksimal årsproduktion samt at vurdere de største bølger i samspil med vandstand som kan...

  6. Internasjonal strafferett : En analyse av menneskerettigheter ved bekjempelse av internasjonal terrorisme sett i lys av to FN-konvensjoner og Sikkerhetsrådets resolusjon 1373 (2001)

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Oppgaven består av en analyse om hvorvidt menneskerettigheter kan oppstilles som en skranke i den internasjonale kampen mot terrorisme, herunder hvorvidt norske lovgivere har respektert menneskerettighetenes stilling ved vedtakelsen av de nye norske terror-bestemmelsene.

  7. Kartlegging av organisasjonskultur ved Lyngdal ungdomsskole ; kartlegging av organisasjonskultur med OCAI ett år etter sammenslåing av to likestilte organisasjoner

    OpenAIRE

    Moe, Marith Johanne

    2014-01-01

    Kartlegging av organisasjonskultur er i liten utstrekning i dag benyttet som et verktøy for ledelse i offentlig sektor. Denne oppgaven tar for seg kartlegging av organisasjonskulturen ved en ungdomskole ett år etter sammenslåing av to likestilte organisasjoner, to tidligere ungdomskoler. Cameron og Quinns (2013) metode Organzational Cultural Assessment Instrument (OCAI), er benyttet i kartleggingen. Kartleggingen inngikk i et større prosjekt ved Universitetet i Agder (UIA) hvor en kartla ...

  8. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Non-Responders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    In September 1984, a Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) follow-up survey was conducted of all 5,267 students who had graduated from Massachusetts public community colleges in 1982-83. Of these graduates, 1,881 (35.7%) returned the survey, and 3,386 (64.3%) did not. A subsequent study was conducted to compare the characteristics of survey…

  9. ANALYSE AV SAMVARIASJON MELLOM MÅLT ARBEIDSBELASTNING (NAS) OG DEN SUBJEKTIVE OPPLEVELSEN AV ARBEIDSBELASTNINGEN (NASA-TLX) VED INTENSIVAVDELINGER

    OpenAIRE

    Graarud, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Sykehus generelt og intensivavdelinger spesielt er under økende press for å kunne drive god og riktig ressursforvaltning. Dermed øker også behov for å kunne dokumentere intensiv-avdelingenes aktivitet og ressursbehov. Nursing Activities Score (NAS) blir ved flere av landets intensivavdelinger brukt som scoringsverktøy for arbeidsbelastning. Det er et verktøy som har til hensikt å kartlegge behovet for antall sykepleiere per pasient. Det er i Norge flere sykepleiere per intensivpasi...

  10. Produktivitetsutvikling i norsk lakseoppdrett: En analyse av perioden 2006-2013 ved bruk av DEA, Malmquist og Bootstrapping

    OpenAIRE

    Wikeland, Mats

    2015-01-01

    Oppgaven analyserer effektiviteten og produktivitetsutviklingen i norsk lakseoppdrett i perioden 2006-2013. Norge er verdensledende i produksjon av laks, som er en av landets største eksportartikler. Bransjen er preget av økende konkurranse fra andre land, og er i tillegg styrt av reguleringen. Produktiviteten i næringen har i lang tid steget, men viste en stagnering i utviklingen i perioden 2005-2008. Effektiviteten estimeres ved bruk av Data Envelopment Analysis, og produktivitetsutviklinge...

  11. Gulve og vægge i vådrum - i nye boliger og ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Erik; Woetmann Nielsen, Christian

    Af denne anvisning fremgår, hvordan gulve og vægge i vådrum i boliger bør planlægges og udføres for at opnå varig tæthed mod fugt og vand og sikkerhed mod skader som følge af råd og svamp. Anvisningen er rettet til byggeriets teknikere, entreprenører og myndigheder til brug ved projektering, udfø...

  12. Molecular and morphometric study of metacercariae and adults of Pseudamphistomum truncatum (Opisthorchiidae) from roach (Rutilus rutilus) and wild American mink (Mustela vison)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Jakob; Kania, Per Walter; Jørgensen, Thomas Rohde;

    2008-01-01

    Den digene ikte Pseudamphistomum forekommer som metacercarie i skaller fra Furesøen og som adult i mink fra området. Dette er belyst ved morfometriske og molekylære metoder. Fundet er væsentligt, idet parasitten er zoonotisk og kan inficere mennesker, der indtager utilstrækkeligt varmebehandlet f...

  13. Logistik- og Lean-Costing - når der skal være transparens i økonomistyringen, og omkostninger skal minimeres over hele forsyningskæden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    2004-01-01

    Først belyses de muligheder som ligger i at integrere virksomhedens økonomiske styring med begrebet Supply Chain Management (SCM). Dette søges belyst ved først at beskrive den teoretiske ramme hvori SCM indgår. Herefter analyseres begrebet Supply Chain Costing (SCC) som prøver at integrere SCM me...

  14. Sygeplejerskers kompetencer ved anvendelse af telemedicin i et tværsektorielt perspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Drachmann, Astrid Lykke

    2015-01-01

    stor bevågenhed omkring potentialerne ved indførelse af telemedicin, som antages at øge livskvalitet og selvhjulpenhed hos de involverede patienter/borgere. Det er dog stadig uklart hvad telemedicin er i forskellige kontekster, hvilken betydning det har for pleje og be-handling og hvilke kompetencer...... sektorer. Projekt afgrænser sig til at undersøge sygeplejeperspektivet, herunder mulige tværsektorielle forskelle. Konkret undersøges hvilke kompetencer sygeplejerskerne oplever, at indførelse af telemedicin kræver, om og hvordan kommunikationen ændres og hvilke typer af kontak-ter/opgaver, der opstår og...... egner sig til det elektroniske medie. Metode Der etableres 2 fokusgrupper med henholdsvis 4-6 sygeplejersker fra primær og sekundær sektor, som arbejder med telemedicin. Fokusgrupperne er mødtes 2 gange over et halvt år af en varighed på 2 timer, og samtalerne har afsæt i en semistruktureret...

  15. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  16. Entropi og varmedød - en gennemgang af de videnskabsteoretiske problemer ved varmedødshypotesen

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Søren Zebitz; Kramer, Esben; van Deurs, Henriette Schönheyder; Jupin, Victor; Bierlich, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Vi undersøger de filosofiske problemer i forbindelse med ekstrapolation af termodynamikkens anden lov, som fører til hypotesen om universets varmedød. Vi laver analyser ud fra tre filosoffers klart adskilte epistemologi: Immanuel Kant, Karl R. Popper og J.J.C. Smart. Vi definerer, gennem en grundig præsentation af de filosofiske positioner, terminologien, som derefter anvendes til at diskutere varmedødshypotesen. Ved et moderne kosmologisk argument opstiller vi en antinomi: ’universe...

  17. Generelle aspekter ved mediereception? – Et bud på en multidimensional model for analyse af kvalitative receptionsinterviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Schrøder

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Findes der generelle aspekter ved receptionen af medieprodukter, som det kan være analytisk frugtbart at orientere sig efter, og som man altid bør belyse, når man analyserer kvalitative receptionsdata – og måske også allerede når man skal planlægge det empiriske feltarbejde i et em- pirisk receptionsprojekt? Denne artikel bygger på, at dette spørgsmål kan besvares bekræftende, og fremlægger et bud på, hvordan en multi- dimensional model for kvalitativ receptionsanalyse kunne se ud.

  18. Positionering af køretøj ved hjælp af GPS, dead reckoning og mapmatching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cederholm, Jens Peter

    2002-01-01

    Et positioneringssystem til køretøjer bestående af en GPS modtager, et digitalt kompas, køretøjets speedometer samt en map matching algoritme testes på 2.8 km strækning i Aalborg midtby. Systemet, der sammensætter observationerne fra de tre instrumenter ved hjælp af et kalman filter, opdateres...... hvert sekund. De filtrerede og map matchende positioner følger den kørte rute nøje. Et simuleret udfald af GPS observationer antyder at systemet vil fungere, selv når GPS dækningen er mangelfuld....

  19. Variasjon mellom optikerstudenters vurdering og gradering av corneal staining og konjunktival staining ved bruk av Efron graderingsska

    OpenAIRE

    Børretzen, Jeanne Marie; Gjervik, Sissel; Heim, Anette; Løwø, Kjetil; Reinfjord, Bertil

    2012-01-01

    Målsetting: Målsetting med denne undersøkelse med tverrsnittsdesign var å samle inn og analysere data om variasjoner mellom optikerstudenters vurdering og gradering av corneal staining og konjunktival staining ved bruk av Efron graderingsskalaer Metode: Fem operatører graderte til sammen førti øyne med èn gjennomsnittligverdi på både corneal staining og konjunktival staining etter Efron graderingsskala. Skalaen går fra null til fire med 0,1-trinn. Deretter ble data analysert i MS Excel. ...

  20. Spa-typing av stammer av Staphylococcus aureus fra blodkulturer analysert ved UNN Tromsø 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Midtgard, Anette

    2011-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Staphylococcus aureus er et av de vanligste patogenene som kan skape sykdom hos mennesket. Mange av oss er bærere av bakterien i nese eller hals, og det er vist at persisterende bærere har høyere risiko for å utvikle S. aureus-infeksjoner enn andre. De fleste S. aureus-infeksjonene blant bærere er forårsaket av pasientens egen bakteriestamme. Materiale og metode: 140 blodkulturisolater fra pasienter med S. aureus bakteriemi analysert ved Avdeling for mikrobiologi og smitte...

  1. Vendor managed inventory : hvilke fremtredende faktorer øker sannsynligheten for fiasko ved implementering av VMI?- en litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Goa, Kristin Overå

    2012-01-01

    Vendor Manged Inventory (VMI) er et samarbeidsprogram mellom kunde og leverandør i en verdikjede. Målet er at leverandøren skal ta over styringen av kundens lager, dvs. at alle beslutninger angående lagerpåfylling tas av leverandøren. Det finnes mye litteratur om suksessfaktorene ved implementering av VMI, men svært lite om fiaskofaktorene. For at en implementering av VMI skal bli en suksess for både kunde og leverandør er det like viktig å kjenne fiaskofaktorene som suksessfak...

  2. Kartlegging av fluor i sjøen ved REC Scancell Narvik sitt avløp

    OpenAIRE

    Golmen, L.; Larsen, F.

    2008-01-01

    Samandrag REC Scancell Narvik sitt avløp til sjø går ut på 40-50 m djup i Taraldsvika, saman med kommunalt overflate/drensvatn. I oktober 2008 utførte NIVA ein kartlegging og vurdering av dette utsleppet, som inkluderte sporstoff-forsøk, prøvetaking for fluor i råvatn og sjø, vertikalprofilering ved utsleppspunktet, modellsimulering og faglig analyse. Utsleppet kom til overflata under feltarbeidet og var tydeleg synleg. Analyseresultata viser at råvass-konsentrasjonen låg innafor konsesjonsgr...

  3. Understøttelse af studerendes personlige studieaktiviteter udenfor campus ved hjælp af IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Jensen, Louise Bach; Falk, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Der er mange begreber, der knytter sig til, hvordan studerendes studieaktiviteter kan støttes ved hjælp af teknologi og udenfor mere formelle institutionelle rammer. Denne artikel sætter fokus på disse kernebegreber ud fra eksisterende forskning indenfor området. Hensigten er, at udforske hvad der...... begge disse uddannelser hvad angår studerendes studieaktiviteter udenfor campus. Det er dog en problematik, som også er generelle indenfor uddannelsesfelter i dag, da en større og større del af studerendes studietid forgår udenfor de formelle uddannelsesinstitutioner. På baggrund af de skitserede...

  4. Pencil beam algoritmens nøjagtighed ved gated strålebehandling af brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Ditte Eklund

    2008-01-01

    kliniske targetvolumen (CTV) inkluderer i alle tilfælde det tilbageværende bryst, niveau III af de samsidige aksillære lymfeknuder samt de samsidige periklavikulære såvel som parasternale lymfeknuder, og den totale dosis til CTV er sat til 48 Gy. Den CT-baserede algoritme AAA benyttes som reference. Udfra...... henover respirationsfaserne fra DIBH til EBH. Ved gating i slut-inspirationsfasen under dyb respiration findes brugen af pencil beam algoritmen dog uproblematisk i forhold til dækning af CTV og dosis i hjertet. Pencil beam algoritmen estimerer en lidt mere homogen dosis i CTV end den forventede faktiske...

  5. ”De tause stemmene” – opplevelser med konflikt. Hvordan har tidligere ansatte ved et sykehjem i Oslo opplevd konflikter og konflikthåndtering ved sykehjemmet? Hvilke(n) innsikt(er) kan dette gi med hensyn til fremtidig håndtering av konflikter ved sykehjemmet?

    OpenAIRE

    Martinussen, Nina

    2007-01-01

    Oppgaven har fått tittelen: ”De tause stemmene” – opplevelser med konflikt, og henspeiler på stemmer som sjelden blir hørt i organisasjonen, tidligere ansattes tanker om konflikt. Temaet er konflikt og konflikthåndtering, med vekt på hvordan tidligere ansatte ved et sykehjem, opplevde det. Undersøkelsen er en casestudie, både av arbeidsplassen og konfliktene informantene har opplevd. På denne måten blir studien en ”dobbel case”.

  6. Internprising i multinasjonale konsern : retningslinjer belyst med empiri fra Statoil

    OpenAIRE

    Gussiås, Gunnhild

    2006-01-01

    Internprising er prising av transaksjoner mellom tilknyttede foretak. Multinasjonale konsern møter i dag komplekse problemstillinger knyttet til internprising og skatt. Dette har ført til at omfattende lover og retningslinjer har blitt utarbeidet. Denne utredningen gir først en kort introduksjon til internprisingsproblematikken generelt og konsernet Statoil ASA. Deretter beskrives norske lovbestemmelser tilknyttet internprising, OECDs retningslinjer, skatteavtaler mellom de ulike land og Adva...

  7. Risici ved ophævelsen af kvotebekendtgørelsen for NOx og SO2 for kraftværkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Nielsen, Malene

    Rapporten belyser de mulige konsekvenser ved ophævelse af ”Bekendtgørelse om begrænsning af udledning af svovldioxid og kvælstofoxider fra kraftværker”, nr. 885 af 18. december 1991. (Herefter kvotebekendtgørelsen). Det er foretaget en basisfremskrivning af NOx-emissionen frem til 2025 for de vær...

  8. Anbefalinger til undersøgelse af sociale forhold ved lokalisering af et mellemlager for radioaktivt affald fra Risø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anne Merrild; Kørnøv, Lone

    2016-01-01

    DCEA præsenterer i denne rapport metoder til at belyse socioøkonomiske forhold ved lokalisering af et mellemlager for radioaktivt affald fra Risø. Der er foretaget fem delstudier, der har bidraget til at identificere og anbefale relevante sociale parametre, og fremsætte anbefalinger til, hvordan ...

  9. Lærebog i Obligationsret I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Bryde; Lookofsky, Joseph

    Denne fjerde udgave af Lærebogen tager højde for den lovgivning, retspraksis og litteratur, der er kommet til i de 5 år der er forløbet siden tredje udgave fra 2010 og frem til 1. juni 2015. Bogens fokus er på dansk rets almindelige og til dels uskrevne obligationsretlige grundsætninger belyst ved...... righoldige henvisninger til retspraksis, lovgivning og udtalelser i den juridiske teori. Det globale perspektiv iagttages bl.a. ved inddragelse af United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) og ved henvisninger til de internationale instrumenter, der har søgt...

  10. Supplerende undersøkelser av miljøgifter i sedimentene ved Østøya og Mellomøya i Horten i 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Øxnevad, S.; Gitmark, J.; Kile, M.; Beylich, B.

    2011-01-01

    NIVA har i november 2011 gjennomført en supplerende kartlegging av miljøgifter i sedimentene ved Mellomøya og Østøya i Horten. To områder ved Mellomøya og Østøya skulle kartlegges ytterligere siden det ble funnet svært høye konsentrasjoner av miljøgifter, særlig kvikksølv, på enkelte stasjoner våren 2011. Det ble også analysert prøver av grisetang fra disse områdene for å vurdere om det skjer en utlekking av metaller fra land. Det ble ikke funnet høye konsentrasjoner av kvikksølv i sedimentpr...

  11. Hjælper du miljøet ved at spise sundere fastfood? Analyser af produkter udviklet under SpisVel projektet i forhold til traditionel fastfood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Anne Dahl; Rasmus, Jonathan; Søgaard Jørgensen, Michael

    Mange mennesker køber dagligt fastfood, fordi det er nemt og relativt billigt. Samtidig er der flere undersøgelser, der peger på, at forbrugerne efterspørger et bredere sortiment af sundere og også gerne mere bæredygtige fastfood produkter. Dette er baggrunden for projekt SpisVel, hvor en gruppe af...... produkterne? Er produkterne samtidig mere miljøvenlige end de mere traditionelle fast food produkter? Det ønsker vi svar på med denne undersøgelse. Produkternes miljøbelastning vurderes på to forskellige måder, dels ved et nyudviklet Miljøscorecard under SpisVel, dels ved såkaldte livscyklusanalyser (LCA)....

  12. Kritik af gældende ret om udbetaling af forsikring og pension ved død samt forslag til nye regler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian; Mortensen, Anne Kjærhus

    2013-01-01

    Med afsæt i en analyse af gældende ret peger forfatterne i artiklen på en række uhensigtsmæssigheder ved det gældende system for udbetaling af forsikring og pension ved død. Det konkluderes, at de nugældende regler i forsikringsaftalelovens § 104 /pensionsopsparingslovens § 4 om anfægtelse af en...... være nærmeste pårørende i en skattebegunstiget pensionsordning. Forfatterne fremkommer afslutningsvis med forslag til et nyt system, som tilnærmer forsikrings- og pensionsreglerne de arveretlige regler - såvel materielt som formelt....

  13. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  14. Helhedsorienteret og totaløkonomisk energivejledning baseret på dialog er nøglen til energirenoveringer ved private boliger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundberg, Torben; Blyt, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Denne artikel omhandler projektet Grønt Byggeri på Bornholm, som har kørt siden september 2011 og slutter ved udgangen af 2014. Projektet har haft til formål at sætte gang i energirigtige renoveringer som en vej ud af bygge- og anlægsbranchens krise. Projektet har til dette formål brugt en række...

  15. Evaluering af fem års forsøg ved Gl. Skagen med lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.

    2005-01-01

    Forsøg med anvendelse af lodrette drænrør som kyststabiliseringsmetode blev igangsat ved Gl. Skagen, Klitplantagen, i januar 1999. Nærværende rapport, der er udarbejdet efter anmodning fra Skagen Kommune, indeholder opmålingsdata samt databearbejdning fra opmålinger dækkende 5 år og 3 måneder....

  16. Påvising av aminoglykosidresistens ved hjelp av massespektrometri. Utvikling av metode for deteksjon, stabilitet av aminoglykosid og molekylær karakterisering av teststammer

    OpenAIRE

    Kvarekvål, Torunn

    2014-01-01

    Aminoglykosid er potente antibiotika som vert brukt til behandling av alvorlege infeksjonar med aerobe bakteriar. Dei er baktericide og verkar ved å binda til ribosoma i bakteriane og på denne måten forstyrra den normale peptidsyntesen. Aminoglykosida er verdifulle medikament, men som for mange andre antibiotika er resistens mot desse midla eit aukande problem. Den viktigaste resistensmekanismen er aminoglykosidmodifiserande enzym (AME). Desse enzyma inaktiverer ...

  17. Hvilke faktorer i studiemiljøet fremmer trivsel? – En analyse på baggrund af svar fra 11401 studerende ved Aarhus Universitet

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Jesper Herrmann; Torben Kristian Jensen; Berit Lassesen

    2012-01-01

    Alle danske universiteter gennemfører undervisningsmiljøvurderinger (UMV). Denne artikel præsenterer en analysemodel for UMV-en ved Aarhus Universitet samt en statistisk analyse med henblik på at identificere de vigtigste faktorer for studerendes trivsel. Danish universities mandatorily obtain student feedback through survey instruments. To understand the construct of study environment a theoretical model is proposed. Based on survey data from students at the University of Aarhus the most imp...

  18. Er det noen forskjell i muskelaktiveringen ved bilaterale kontra unilaterale amerikanske kettlebell svinger i rectus abdominis, external oblique, erector spinae og multifidus?

    OpenAIRE

    Slåttland, Roy-André Vang; Vraalsen, Øyvind Fougli

    2013-01-01

    Formålet med denne studien var å undersøke muskelaktiveringen i kettlebell-sving ved unilateral og bilateral trening, i og med at dette ikke er gjort tidligere. Etter 2-5 tilvenningsøkter (til teknikken ble godkjent av sertifisert kettlebell-instruktør) ble 15 friske og styrketrente menn (alder 24,9 år ± 6,1, høyde 179,5 cm ± 6,8, og vekt 79,5 kg ± 7,95) testet i 10 repetisjoner unilateralt og bilateralt i randomisert rekkefølge. EMG- aktiviteten fra rectus abdominis, external oblique og erec...

  19. 访SolidWorks公司Jeff Ray、Ved Narayan和雷迅先生SolidWorks对中国市场充满信心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳

    2005-01-01

    @@ 在SolidWorks2005年全球用户大会上,我刊主编杨芳女士和e-works总经理黄培先生采访了SolidWorks公司的COO Jeff Ray、主管亚太区的副总裁Ved Narayan和大中华区总裁雷迅先生,从他们对SolidWorks公司的发展现状和中国市场策略的介绍中,我们强烈地感受到SolidWorks公司对中国市场高度重视,而且信心十足.

  20. Hvilke faktorer i studiemiljøet fremmer trivsel? – En analyse på baggrund af svar fra 11401 studerende ved Aarhus Universitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Jesper Herrmann

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Alle danske universiteter gennemfører undervisningsmiljøvurderinger (UMV. Denne artikel præsenterer en analysemodel for UMV-en ved Aarhus Universitet samt en statistisk analyse med henblik på at identificere de vigtigste faktorer for studerendes trivsel. Danish universities mandatorily obtain student feedback through survey instruments. To understand the construct of study environment a theoretical model is proposed. Based on survey data from students at the University of Aarhus the most important factors predicting student well-being are identified through statistical analysis.

  1. Effektivitet og produktivitet i norsk matfisknæring for perioden 1996-2003 målt ved bruk av DEA og MPI

    OpenAIRE

    Lagesen, Marte Punsvik; Sørensen, Helén Marita

    2006-01-01

    I denne oppgaven analyseres effektivitet og produktivitetsutviklingen i norsk matfisknæring i perioden 1996-2003. Produksjonen av laks og ørret har økt betraktelig de siste tiårene. En best mulig utnyttelse av innsatsfaktorene øker produktiviteten ved at produksjonskostnadene synker. For å oppnå et reelt mål på effektivitet og produktivitet for bransjen er det viktig å ta hensyn til alle faktorer som har innvirkning på produksjonen. Måling av totalfaktorproduktivitet er utført med de ikke-...

  2. Potensielle gevinster av kommunesammenslåinger i Nord-Norge : en ikke-parametrisk studie ved bruk av Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

    OpenAIRE

    Solheim, Håvard Erling; Jacobsen, Anne-Therese S.

    2014-01-01

    Denne oppgaven tar sikte på å undersøke potensielle gevinster ved kommunesammenslåinger i Nord-Norge. I tillegg undersøkes det for hva som er den mest effektive kommunestørrelsen, om det finnes innsparingsmuligheter i kommunal administrasjon, og om mindre sammenslåinger er et godt alternativ til store sammenslåinger. Datasettet består av de 88 kommunene i landsdelen,og deres rapporterte resultater til KOSTRA for årene 2011 og 2012. Vi starter med å estimere effektiviteten til kommunene i ...

  3. Arbejdsmigration fra de nye EU-lande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Louise M.; Lund Thomsen, Trine

    2011-01-01

    danske arbejdsmarked. Migrantarbejderne fra de nye EU-lande er karakteriseret ved høj grad af fleksibilitet, mobilitet og villighed til at arbejde, dårligere socioøkonomiske forhold og arbejdsmæssige vilkår i deres hjemlande samt en anden kulturel baggrund end deres danske kolleger. Denne artikel giver...... et indblik i nogle af konsekvenserne ved arbejdsmigration fra de nye EU-lande på det (u)faglærte danske arbejdsmarked belyst ud fra en analyse af henholdsvis et politisk, et fagforenings-, et brancheorganisations, et virksomhedsejer-, et arbejdsleder- og et medarbejderperspektiv....

  4. Sample Packet of Tex-SIS Questionnaires. DeVault VIII Expansion and the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS). Tex-SIS Student Information System Postsecondary Student Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Coll. and Univ. System, Austin. Coordinating Board.

    This packet identifies and explains the questionnaires and coding used in DeVault VIII, a subsystem of the Texas Student Information System designed to generate data for local utilization and for fulfillment of the federally-mandated Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) student and employer follow-up requirements. The report first explains the…

  5. Kriterier ved validering av en metode for kost-holdsundersøkelser - Når er validiteten til en metode tilfredsstillende?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lene Frost Andersen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDet finnes ingen metode for kostholdsundersøkelser som kan måle kostholdet til et individ eller en gruppeindivider uten at det er feil knyttet til dataene. Dette får konsekvenser for tolkningen av resultatene frakostholdsundersøkelser og for tolkningen av sammenhengen mellom matinntak og helse. For at mangelfullekostholdsdata ikke skal resultere i feil konklusjoner er det viktig å undersøke validiteten til metoderfor kostholdsundersøkelser, samt å vurdere i hvilke sammenhenger en kostholdsmetode gir tilstrekkeliggode data til at de kan brukes. Ved vurdering av validiteten til metoder for kostholdsundersøkelser er dettre trinn som inngår; vurdering av design og gjennomføring av en valideringsstudie, vurdering av analyseringenav kostdataene fra valideringsstudien, samt tolkning av resultatene fra valideringsstudien. Iartikkelen diskuteres hvordan man kan vurdere validiteten til metoder for kostholdsundersøkelser ved å gåigjennom de tre trinn som er nevnt ovenfor. Dessuten illustreres ved hjelp av tre eksempler på forskjelligeepidemiologiske studier, når validiteten til en kostholdsmetode er tilfredsstillende i en studie, samt hvilkekonsekvenser validiteten kan ha for konklusjonen i en studie.Frost Andersen L. Criteria for the validation of dietary assessment methods. When is the validitysatisfactory? Nor J Epidemiol 2000; 10 (1: 17-24.ENGLISH SUMMARYToday there is no method available to measure dietary exposure among individuals or groups of individualswithout error. The errors will affect the interpretation of the results from dietary assessment studiesand have an impact on epidemiological measures of associations between intake and disease. To reducethese problems it is important to examine the validity of dietary assessment methods, and to examine inwhat kind of studies data from a specific dietary assessment method are valid enough to be used. Evaluationof the validity of dietary assessment methods include three

  6. "Fordi man ved aldrig"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borchmann, Simon Uffe

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel vil syntagmet aktivitetsbestemt sprogbrug blive udlagt fra en pragmatisk, funktionel lingvistisk synsvinkel. Syntagmet er særligt interessant fra denne synsvinkel fordi det synes at indebære et nyt sprogvidenskabeligt forskningsområde. Det er i det mindste det der vil blive argume...

  7. Psykologiske aspekter ved overvaegt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Aage; Grønbaek, Helle; Olsen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity, and the psycholog......Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity......, and the psychological elements of treatment and motivations for treatment are requested. There is no clear separation between the psychological factors that function as causes of obesity and the psychological effects of obesity. Rather, they appear to be related in a circle of interconnectedness. This is important...... to keep in mind when seeking ways to motivate and support obese patients....

  8. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias;

    2010-01-01

    Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transpor...

  9. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved kraeft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønvold, Mogens

    2008-01-01

    The article reviews methods, experiences, and results of quality of life research in cancer, and presents recommendations. The research has comprised descriptive studies, end-points in clinical trials, prognostic studies, and clinical applications of quality of life questionnaires. There is a nee...

  10. Mediastinoskopi ved bronkogent karcinom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, A M; Olsen, J B; Sander, K M

    1995-01-01

    During recent years it has been discussed whether mediastinoscopy could be replaced or supplemented by other diagnostic procedures for detection of mediastinal lymph node metastases in patients with pulmonary cancer. The results of 289 mediastinoscopies were analyzed and correlated to thoracotomy...... in order to evaluate the procedure. Two hundred and six males and 83 females were included in the study. The mean age was 63 years for men and 58 years for women. Mediastinoscopy was positive (N2 disease) in 113 cases (39%) and negative in 176 cases. The 113 N2 patients were not operated upon. One...

  11. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  12. Trombolysebehandling ved akut underekstremitetsiskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Enevoldsen, Micha Thyge; Rasmussen, John Bøje Grønvall;

    1996-01-01

    During a period of four and a half years 37 lower extremities with acute ischaemia were treated with thrombolysis. Angiographically, 35 cases demonstrated no suitable arteries for distal reconstruction. In two cases vascular surgery was not performed because of cardiac incompensation. Two patients...

  13. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias;

    2010-01-01

    Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transpor......, 2) minimize the occurrence of adverse events during transport, 3) ensure that accompanying staff are trained for and skilled in transfer and retrieval medicine and 4) encourage optimal utilisation of available competencies without unnecessarily draining hospital resources.......Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport...

  14. Nitrogenoxidinhalation ved akut lungesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T H; Henneberg, S W; Heslet, L;

    1995-01-01

    Two cases of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated successfully with nitric oxide (NO) inhalation are described. One patient had severe sepsis and the other had trauma induced ARDS. The slow entry criteria for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was fulfilled in both cases...... before ECMO treatment is considered in severe ARDS....

  15. Neurobiologiske forstyrrelser ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glenthøj, Birte Y; Nordentoft, Merete; Lublin, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a complex disease. A more complete understanding of its neurobiology has been hampered by the fact that most data have been based on studies of patients diagnosed according to either the ICD-10 or the DSM-IV, i.e. patients suffering from pathogenetically different diseases...

  16. Aprotininskintigrafi ved amyloidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haraldsen, Ate; Eskild-Jensen, Anni; Frøkiær, Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by protein deposition (amyloid) in THE extracellular matrix leading to organ dysfunction and death. New treatment modalities have emphasized the need for accurate and early diagnosis. Aprotinin scintigraphy is a radionuclide imaging technique in which...... the localisation and extent of amyloid deposits are visualized. It is specific and sensitive in detecting cardiac amyloidosis, which is associated with a poor prognosis. In addition, aprotinin scintigraphy appears to be a useful tool for the monitoring of disease progression and treatment efficacy. Udgivelsesdato...

  17. Opsigelse ved virksomhedsoverdragelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer den danske virksomhedsoverdragelseslovs § 3, stk. 1, og den bagved liggende EU-direktivbestemmelse. Aanalysen koncentrerer sig om sanktionerne i tilfælde af, at en opsigelse finder sted i strid med disse bestemmelser. Det efterprøves i artiklen, om direktivet kræver, at opsige...

  18. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    Prescribing involves careful considerations of outcome, duration of treatment and follow-up, and such considerations should be communicated to everyone involved in the medication process. Hospital admission and discharge involve a high risk of medication errors caused by unclear division of respo...

  19. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    Stuttering is characterised by repetitions, prolongations and pausing while speaking. Researchers have looked for many explanations. However, the cause of stuttering remains unknown. In recent years, structural abnormalities in the speech-related structures of the central nervous system have been...... brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  20. Medicineringsfejl ved generisk substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rölfing, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Generic substitution is a major cause of medical mistakes in the general population. Danish legislation obligates pharmacies to substitute prescribed medicine with the cheapest equivalent formulation, despite variations in product name, packaging, shape and colour. Consequently, medical mistakes...

  1. Immunsystemet ved kronisk inflammation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Innate and adaptive immunity has evolved as a defence against infections and as an important repair mechanism after physical injury. If elimination of microbes and healing is not achieved, or if the immune system is dysregulated, chronic inflammation ensues. Immune cells become engaged in prolonged...

  2. Fysiologiske aendringer ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bliddal, Henning; Bartels, Else Marie; Jespersen, Anders;

    2010-01-01

    A number of physiological changes, some measurable as changes in biomarkers, have been described in fibromyalgia (FM). These include changes in cytokine serum levels and elevated levels of some neurotransmitters in the cerebrospinal fluid. None of these measurements have been validated for diagno...

  3. Etiske problemstillinger ved neuromarketing?

    OpenAIRE

    Larsen, Anne-Kathrine Nøhr; Bergen, Iben; Jevanord, Julie Marie; Schmidt, Kirsten Signe; Hansen, Kristina Mie; Lops, Tania Kongsbach

    2009-01-01

    I denne opgave har vi, ud fra Martin Lindstrøms Buyolog, undersøgt, hvordan markedsførere gør brug af neuromarketing. Vi har forholdt os kritisk til hans teorier, analyseret en reklame på baggrund af reklameteori og hans resultater og diskuteret det etiske aspekt i forhold til neuromarketing. Dette er gjort for at finde frem til, hvordan forbrugeren kan blive påvirket af neuromarketing, og om det er etisk korrekt i henhold til deontologisk og teleologisk etik. Vi diskuterer, om forbrugerens a...

  4. Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejer Jakobsen, Henning; Rebsdorf, S.O.

    og brugbar forståelse af hele skabelsesprocessen. Idestigen med Tanke - Ide - Løsning er hele grundlaget, og med introduktionen til Creative Idea Solution (CIS) gives læseren en konkret model for, hvordan en proces på grænsen af kaos kan blive til en kontrolleret forandringsproces. Det normative...

  5. Aortahomograftoperationer ved svaer endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, S.; Kjaergard, H.K.; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Severe endocarditis of the native aortic valve or a prosthetic valve with destruction of the cusps, paravalvular abscess formation and/or fistulas caused by aggressive bacteria has a mortality of almost 100% without surgery. The objective was to evaluate the results of treatment...

  6. Svanholm ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregn, Kirsten; Jagd, Søren

    Rapporten indgår i et projekt om alternative virksomheder, der har til formål at belyse hvordan interne forhold i alternative virksomheder har betydning for disse virksomheders overlevelse og udvikling. Denne rapport er et case studie af Svanholm's økonomi og organisation.......Rapporten indgår i et projekt om alternative virksomheder, der har til formål at belyse hvordan interne forhold i alternative virksomheder har betydning for disse virksomheders overlevelse og udvikling. Denne rapport er et case studie af Svanholm's økonomi og organisation....

  7. Water Education ved DTU – en e-læringplatform i Moodle til individualiseret kompetenceopbygning i samfundets vandsektor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Arvin

    2011-01-01

    utraditionelle undervisningsbehov. Nogle større virksomheder vil i fremtiden skulle satse mere på salg af integrerede løsninger, f.eks. vand- og spildevandsløsninger for hele byområder. Dette kræver, at der er kompetente personer hos bygherrerne til at drive de fremtidige komplekse systemer. Her kan tilbud om uddannelse af bygherrens personale indgå som en konkurrenceparameter i virksomhedernes tilbud. Og netop her vil et fleksibelt e-læringssystem kunne få stor betydning. Målsætningen for udvikling af e-læringssystemet Water Education ved DTU er at opfylde ovennævnte undervisningsbehov. Projektet er i en udviklingsfase, hvorfor de praktiske erfaringer om udvikling af e-læringsmodulerne og brugernes vurderinger af fordele og ulemper er begrænsede. IT- og Telestyrelsen har medfinansieret projektet og deltaget aktivt i følgegruppemøder.

  8. 访SolidWorks公司Jeff Ray、Ved Narayan和雷迅先生SolidWorks对中国市场充满信心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳

    2005-01-01

      在SolidWorks2005年全球用户大会上,我刊主编杨芳女士和e-works总经理黄培先生采访了SolidWorks公司的COO Jeff Ray、主管亚太区的副总裁Ved Narayan和大中华区总裁雷迅先生,从他们对SolidWorks公司的发展现状和中国市场策略的介绍中,我们强烈地感受到SolidWorks公司对中国市场高度重视,而且信心十足.……

  9. Theory study on suppression of lateral vibration of steel truss bridges under speed-up trains with VED%VED抑制铁路钢桁梁桥横向振动理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊杰; 唐家祥

    2001-01-01

    针对我国在既有线路进行列车提速试验时发现的,当客车速度为160km/h左右时,64m简支下承钢桁梁出现横向准共振的现象,提出采用粘弹性阻尼器(VED)来抑制这种共振反应,并由势能驻值原理及形成结构矩阵的"直接拼装法”,建立了VED-桥梁-列车时变系统动力方程.通过理论分析和计算证明,用VED抑制由于列车提速引起的中小跨度钢梁横向振动是一种有效的方法.

  10. Tryg i Naturen. En undersøgelse af sikkerhedsforholdene ved aktivt friluftsliv i det kystnære område i Danmark med fokus på sikkerhedskulturen hos jollefiskere, havkajakroere og kitesurfere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andkjær, Søren; Arvidsen, Jan

    Undersøgelsen TRYG i naturen har til formål at afdække og diskutere sikkerhedsforholdene ved aktivt friluftsliv i det kystnære område i Danmark med udgangspunkt i fire forskningsspørgsmål. • Hvad er omfanget af og mønstrene ift. ulykker og nærved-ulykker i forbindelse med aktivt friluftsliv i de ...

  11. Transformering af traditionel undervisning til e-læring - tre best practices fra go online-projektet ved Aarhus Universitet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikkel Godsk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Go online-projektet havde til formål at udvikle og systematisere tilrettelæggelsen af e-læring ved Aarhus Universitet samt transformere en række kurser til webbaseret læring. Et vigtigt element i projektet var at indsamle erfaringerne fra transformeringen af kurserne med henblik på at inspirere andre undervisere til at bruge webbaseret læring. Som et led i denne promovering blev underviserne for de 3 bedste transformeringer nomineret til titlen som årets e-underviser 2009. Denne artikel beskriver go online-projektet, baggrunden for nomineringen og de 3 bedste transformeringer - "best practices".  Artiklen præsenterer såvel de pædagogiske som tekniske overvejelser vedr. tilrettelæggelsen af kurserne, evalueringsresultater samt juryens bedømmelse. Endvidere identificerer artiklen potentielle barrierer for udvikling af webbaseret læring samt fællestræk for de 3 best practices.

  12. Computermediets differentieringspotentiale i sproglig læring belyst ud fra en procesorienteret synsvinkel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambjørn, Lone

    2003-01-01

    The main point of this article is to demonstrate that the existence of the computer-medium within L2 learning and acquisition is justified by its potential of differentiation. In order to make the optimum use of this potential, it is necessary to design syllabi based on L2 research and theories...... of language learning acquisition. Taking as a starting point the learner's interlanguage development, I am introducing a model of L2 learning and acquisition, a model based on input as well as on output. The strong point in having this model is that you can use it for computer-assisted language learning...

  13. Helbredskonsekvenser af den elektroniske cigaret er dårligt belyste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tøttenborg, Sandra Søgaard; Holm, Astrid Ledgaard; Wibholm, Niels Christoffer;

    2014-01-01

    Despite increasing popularity, health consequences of vaping (smoking electronic cigarettes, e-cigarettes) are poorly described. Few studies suggest that vaping has less deleterious effects on lung function than smoking conventional cigarettes. One large study found that e-cigarettes were...... as efficient as nicotine patches in smoking cessation. The long-term consequences of vaping are however unknown and while some experts are open towards e-cigarettes as a safer way of satisfying nicotine addiction, others worry that vaping in addition to presenting a health hazard may lead to an increased...

  14. Vurdering af roebiomassefraktioner som husdyrfoder belyst gennem analyser og forsøg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jan Værum; Hvelplund, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Der var ikke væsentlige forskelle på pulpen mellem de to roesorter Angus (sukkerroe) og Colosse (foderroe). Derimod var der store forskelle mellem pulp fra rod og top fraktionerne. Rod fraktionerne var karakteriseret af et stort sukkerindhold og høje in vitro og in vivo fordøjeligheder for både s...

  15. Kan ungdom stimuleres til helsefremmende atferd ved å fokusere på kulturelle aspekter i tverrfaglig undervisning? : en kvalitativ studie om hvordan lærere kan påvirke ungdom til en helsefremmende livsstil

    OpenAIRE

    Kristoffersen, Asta Rød

    2009-01-01

    Fokuset for denne studien er å diskutere hvordan lærere kan undervise slik at de kan påvirke barn og unge til en helsefremmende livsstil. Basert på egen undervisningserfaring og studiens tema har jeg definert denne problemstillingen: Kan ungdom stimuleres til helsefremmende atferd ved å fokusere på kulturelle aspekter i tverrfaglig undervisning? I tillegg til min problemstilling har jeg også drøftet hva som kreves av skolen/lærere for å drive helsefremmende undervisning. ...

  16. Ti års erfaring med førstetrimester screening for føtal aneuploidi ved hjælp af biokemi fra gestationsuge 6+0 til 13+6

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Petersen, Olav Bjørn; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2014-01-01

    i gestationsugerne 8-10. Formål At validere resultaterne af det danske screeningsprogram af første trimester screening for føtal trisomi 21, trisomi 13, trisomi 18 samt triploidi i perioden 2003 til 2013 Datasæt Region Midtjyllands database (RM) (oktober 2003 til oktober 2013); n = 147.......768. (blodprøver overvejende fra gestationsuge 8-10) Den Nationale FøtoDatabase (FD) (oktober 2008 til august 2011); n = 220.739 (blodprøver fra gestationsuge 8-13) Resultater Detektion af Trisomi 21: Første trimester ved cut off 1:300. Den signifikant bedre detektionsrate for føtal trisomi 21 ved brug af...... blodprøve i gestationsuge 9 sammenlignet med øvrige uger skyldes at PAPP-A´s diskriminationsevne er maksimal omkring gestationsuge 9. Detektion af Trisomi 18, 13 og triploidi: Tallene i parentes angiver detektionsraten efter inklusion af misdannelsesscanning i gestationsuge 18-19. Singleton (alle prøver...

  17. Utslipp av avløpsvann Lista Aluminiumverk. Kontrollundersøkelser 1979 - 1980

    OpenAIRE

    Knutzen, J.

    1981-01-01

    Mulige effekter av utslipp fra Lista Aluminiumverk er belyst ved observasjoner av avløpsvann, resipientvann, strandsonens flora og fauna, samt registrering av polysykliske aromatiske hydrokarboner (PAH) og fluor i tang og albuskjell. På de utslippsnære stasjonene er det registrert tydelige negative effekter på fjærebeltesamfunnet. I avstander over 500 m fra utslippet er det bare usikre indikasjoner på redusert forekomst av enkelte arter. Det sterkt varierende innhold av fluor i tang har ikke ...

  18. Supply Chain Management og Supply Chain costing: Et teoribaseret case-studie med vægt på rentabilitetsformålet

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Steen; Mortensen, Ole

    2002-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at belyse de muligheder som ligger i at integrere virksomhedens økonomiske styring med begrebet Supply Chain Management (SCM). Dette søges belyst ved først at beskrive den teoretiske ramme, hvori SCM indgår. Herefter analyseres begrebet Supply Chain Costing (SCC) som prøver at integrere SCM med de økonomiske forhold. Herefter gives et bud på, hvordan lønsomhedsformålet kan udtrykkes, når relationen mellem juridisk selvstændige parter skal gøres op. Den udviklede ...

  19. Forbedret prognose ved letkædenefropati ved myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jakob Søgaard; Larsen, Thomas; Marcussen, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    A 64 year-old woman with acute renal failure and cast nephropathy due to excessive production of lambda free light chains received chemotherapy (using bortezomib and dexamethason) and haemodialysis with a high cut off-filter. The concentration of free light chains was markedly reduced after a for...

  20. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    for RA. Pregnancy often suppresses RA, as does oral contraception. Lactation, smoking (w), BMI > 30, heavy vibrations and certain dust particles (m) may trigger RA, while the effect of male hormones is uncertain. Future prevention should focus on environment, behavioural factors and genetic profiling....

  1. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  2. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    A population-based descriptive investigation of housefire accidents in Denmark was carried out for the two five year periods 1953-58 and 1988-93, based on death certificates, police reports and autopsy reports. The number of deaths due to housefire accidents in Denmark has increased (1953-58: 136...

  3. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Rune; Simonsen, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core di...

  4. Opposition ved Reidunn Hernes' disputas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Frans

    2008-01-01

    I artiklen diskuteres Reidunn Hernes' disputats om unge dialekttalendes sproglige udvikling i virkelig tid.......I artiklen diskuteres Reidunn Hernes' disputats om unge dialekttalendes sproglige udvikling i virkelig tid....

  5. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  6. Nevrodynamiske tester ved patellofemorale smerter

    OpenAIRE

    Vegstein, Kristine

    2010-01-01

    Background: Patellofemoral pain syndrom (PFPS) is a common musculoskeletal disorder which can develop to a chronic problem. There is no consensus in medical literature concerning the etiology of PFPS. Recent studies indicate an involvement of the peripheral nervous system around the patella. Neurodynamic tests are used to explore the mechanosensitivity of peripheral nerves. Several studies have shown relationship between increased mechanosensitivity and musculoskeletal problems in the upper e...

  7. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy....... Literature was found through searches on PUBMED and written information from Olympus, Fujinon and Pentax. Which techniques will be used in the future? Will optical biopsy soon be possible? We need more controlled studies....

  8. Stamceller ved hjertepatologi : Iskemisk hjertesykdom

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The field of stem cell therapy has gone through a revolution the last decade. In the cardiovascular field scientists try to accomplish true regeneration through myogenesis. Other strategies include reducing cell death and promoting angiogenesis. In this report we will go through a selection of the most important cell types used for stem cell research, their fenotypes, the techniques of harvesting, and their pros and cons within the cardiovascular field. The focus today is changing to a new ge...

  9. Computertomografisk kolografi ved inkomplet koloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brisling, S.; Adamsen, S.; Norgaard, H.;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: CT-colonography (CTC) is recommended in the case of an incomplete conventional colonoscopy (CC). The present study was initiated to assess feasibility and outcomes in same-day CTC after incomplete CC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 480 consecutive patients who had CC for symptoms or ......, a uterine cancer in one, and a 7 cm abdominal aortic aneurism in one. CONCLUSION: Same-day CTC after incomplete CC is feasible and effective Udgivelsesdato: 2008/4/28...

  10. Problemer ved skift af antipsykotika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maltesen, Henrik Rasmus; Lublin, Henrik K F

    2012-01-01

    Most patients with schizophrenia switch antipsychotics (APs) either due to lack of efficacy or due to side effects. Changing AP, especially switching from clozapine, may lead to deterioration in the patient's condition because of pharmacodynamic differences between the existing and the new AP...

  11. Psykosociale aspekter ved dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Knudsen, Lone;

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple sclerosis as a model, it is demonstrated how a chronic neurological disorder has psychosocial consequences during the period between onset and diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, and in the post-diagnostic period. The impact of the disorder on self-esteem, civil status, habitation...

  12. Monitering af kromudledningen ved Qaqortoq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C.

    In October 1997 The National Environmental Research Institute, Department of Arctic Environment (DMU, AM) conducted an environmental study on the chromium concentration in blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, and brown seaweed, Fucus vesiculosus, in Julianehåb Fjord, southern Greenland. The study......, 1989). The tendency from 1989 to 1991 was smaller chromium concentrations in mussels and seaweed, a reduction in the impacted area, and a halving of the chromium discharge (from 400 to 200 kgs per year), whereas the tendency from 1991 to 1997 was higher chromium concentrations in the organisms......, an increase in the impacted area, and an increase in chromium discharge (from 200 to 312 kgs per year (1995) and 229 kgs per year (1997)). There seems to be no health risk to ingest relatively large quantities of blue mussels from the impacted area around the tannery. Nine samples of discharge water were...

  13. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P;

    1993-01-01

    In early stage Hodgkin's disease the optimal choice of treatment is still an unresolved issue. Twenty-two randomized trials of radiotherapy alone versus radiotherapy plus combination chemotherapy have been carried out world-wide. The preliminary results of a global meta-analysis of these trials...... a relapse is avoided in many patients. The major argument against early chemotherapy is: that by careful staging and selection of patients and by careful radiotherapy techniques the number of patients exposed to potentially toxic chemotherapy may be kept at a minimum. Recently, trials have been carried out...... testing chemotherapy alone, results are, however, conflicting. In order not to jeopardize the good results achieved with the standard treatments developed over the last three decades, newer treatment approaches should be carefully tested in large randomized trials before being implemented for general...

  14. Epidemiologiske forhold ved ankyloserende spondylitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnstein Bakland

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Ankyloserende spondylitt er en inflammatorisk revmatisk sykdom som hovedsakelig affiserer ileosakralledd og kolumna, og den er assosiert til perifere artritter, inflammatorisk tarmsykdom, psoriasis og Reiters syndrom. Forekomsten er korrelert til utbredelsen av HLA B27, og viser derved en viss geografisk variasjon. I europeiske studier finner man en generell prevalens av AS på 0,15-0,5%, men dette kan være høyere i enkelte subpopulasjoner med 1,8% rapportert i en norsk samisk populasjon. En norsk studie har indikert en insidens på ca. 1 per 10.000 personår i voksen befolkning, mens data fra Finland og USA viser noe lavere anslag. Det foreligger data som indikerer en økning av mortalitet på 50%, mens man i andre populasjoner ikke har funnet noen mortalitetsøkning. Nye og effektive behandlingsmuligheter stiller høye krav til tidlig diagnostikk, og utvikling samt validering av nye diagnostiske kriterier er en viktig utfordring.Ankylosing spondylitis (AS is an inflammatory rheumatic disease affecting the sacroiliac joints and spine. The prevalence of AS is correlated to that of HLA B27, which demonstrate a geographical gradient with higher occurrence in the northern circumpolar areas. European populations studies indicate a prevalence of0.15-0.5%, although it could be as high as 1.8% in some subpopulations. There are few studies concerning the incidence rate of AS, but a Norwegian study indicates an annual incidence of 1 per 10.000 in the adult population. There are contradicting studies regarding mortality. Some indicate that it may be increased by50%, whereas others show no increased mortality

  15. Tivoli - Eventyret der varer ved?

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Jeppe Hauge; Vognbjerg, Christian Bache; Lauritsen, Peter Kjær; Rothenborg, Asger; Hasselstrøm, Maria Aksinja

    2012-01-01

    This project is based on the company Tivoli. The focal point is to examine how a mature company such as Tivoli, manages to satisfy different stakeholders, such as shareholders and consumers. Therefore we want to examine what the different kinds of stakeholders needs. The project includes an accounting analysis that aims to examine how healthy the company is financially. To illustrate that we will look at Tivoli’s economic development, to investigate whether Tivoli as a company is healthy. We ...

  16. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard Hansen, Lars; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre;

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  17. Bag ved skyerne skinner solen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...

  18. Ved vejen – I komplekset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2007-01-01

    Under et antropologisk feltarbejde i to danske boligkvarterer med fokus på materialitet, spatialitet og virtualitet blev et andet tema uomgængeligt: naboer. De to kvarterer befinder sig i to forskellige danske provinsbyer, hvor de omtales som velhaverkvarterer. Inden for de sidste ti år er beboerne...... forbundne. Desuden diskuterer artiklen, hvorvidt tendensen til usynligt gatede communities er en følge af globale strømme eller et bolværk imod dem og konkluderer, at fænomenet er et resultat af begge processer....

  19. Metoder ved aekvivalens- og noninferioritetsundersogelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Erik

    2008-01-01

    a new therapy is equivalent to or at least not inferior to the control therapy. The various types of trials differ significantly in terms of methodology. Few are aware of these differences. This paper reviews the methodology of these trials with a particular focus on planning, performance, analysis...

  20. De eksterne omkostninger ved energiproduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, M. S.; Frohn, L. M.

    2007-01-01

    I et forskningsprojekt som blev afsluttet i 2006 har DMU med ExternE-metoden forsøgt at beregne de eksterne omkostninger for tre danske energianlæg. Det er sket ud fra de informationer om værkernes udledninger som er offentligt tilgængelige. De tre anlæg er Amagerværket, Fynsværket samt Vestforbr...

  1. Problemer ved skift af antipsykotika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maltesen, Henrik Rasmus; Lublin, Henrik K F

    2012-01-01

    meta-analysis including four studies found no differences between switch strategies while three recent studies each found a positive short term effect of a crossover strategy compared to an abrupt switch. Based on the lack of evidence we recommend a slow withdrawal with a crossover strategy when...

  2. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre;

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH as the fi...... first-line analysis and present an overview of relevant present possibilities for genetic testing....

  3. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Surgery for perforated ulcers is one of the most common emergency surgical procedures. Approximately 400 procedures are performed each year in Denmark and mortality is high, reaching close to 30% at 30 days postoperatively. The importance of perioperative fluid administration during......: Retrospective survey of 45 consecutive patients operated for perforated ulcers over a 3-year period between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2005 in the surgical department of a university hospital. RESULTS: Data that would permit rational fluid therapy are not being collected on a regular basis. Fluid balance...

  4. Udfordringer ved undervisning i enzymer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skriver, Karen; Dandanell, Gert; von Stemann, Jakob Hjorth;

    2015-01-01

    Enzymer er et centralt emne i biokemiundervisning. Det forudsætter og anvender grundlæggende viden inden for og kompetencer i kemi og matematik. Artiklen undersøger hvilke forståelsesvanskeligheder og udfordringer der er knyttet til dette område, såvel som virtuelle øvelsers potentiale i denne...

  5. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Andersen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...... dimensions in BPD, as well as of the potential clinical implications. The latest results from genetic, endocrinologic, neuropsychologic, and neuroimaging research in identifying the dysfunctional neurobiological systems that could play a role in diathesis to BPD are presented....

  6. Kolorektal cancerudvikling ved colitis ulcerosa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallesøe, Jane; Langholz, E.; Frisch, Morten;

    2010-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis (UC) is believed to carry a predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC) development. International clinical guidelines suggest that UC patients should have a colonoscopy performed every year or up to every third year from approximately eight years after diagnosis for early...

  7. Telomerers rolle ved aldersbetingede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Laila; Kølvraa, Steen

    2010-01-01

    Telomeres are specialized DNA structures, protecting the ends of linear chromosomes. The association between telomeres and cellular aging is well-established, and it has been shown that there is a negative correlation between telomere length and chronological age for many types of human tissue....... On the other hand, the association between telomere length and mortality is poor. Nevertheless, it has been suggested that telomeres may play a role in the development of many aging-related diseases. This has led to attempts to develop telomere-elongating treatment....

  8. Flankesmerter ved nyre- og uretersten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Katja Venborg; Drewes, Asbjørn Mohr; Osther, Palle Jørn Sloth

    2011-01-01

    Flank pain is common and often associated with stone colics. Similar pain characteristics can, however, be observed in other diseases. Stone colics have all the characteristics of visceral pain. The pain is diffuse, often referred to the body wall and accompanied by autonomic reflexes. In patients...... with recurrent stones, the colics may be more intense due to sensitisation of the nervous system. Furthermore, painful diseases in the reproductive organs can enhance stone colics. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first choice for stone colics because they act by reducing the renal pelvic pressure....

  9. Behandling av gangfunksjon ved MS

    OpenAIRE

    Unsvåg, Helene Halsteinli

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Background: Fampyra is a potassium channel blocker that reduces the leakage through ion-channels. Fampyra is approved for use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking difficulties. Previous studies have shown that Fampyra can have a positive effect on walking speed in patients with MS. Objectives: To investigate the effect of Fampyra in a group of MS patients and see the effect on walking speed and endurance. In addition, we wanted to examine whether factors such as...

  10. Workspace Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seim, Rikke

    arbejdspladsdesignprocesser i tre virksomheder tilhørende henholdsvis industri-, service- og sundhedssektoren. Ph.d.-projektet har belyst hvordan en medarbejderinvolverende designproces kan iscenesættes og faciliteres af arbejdsmiljøprofessionelle ved hjælp af kreative, visuelle metoder inspireret af Participatory Design......Arbejdsmiljø adresseres sjældent i den klassike tekniske tilgang til arbejdspladsdesign. Workspace Design konceptet er et alternativ tilgang til design eller re-design af arbejdspladser, baseret på en socio-teknisk systemforståelse, hvor hovedprincipperne er 1) transformation af...... arbejdsmiljørådgiveren til facilitator af arbejdspladsdesignprocessen og 2) transformation af medarbejderne til co-designere af deres egen arbejdsplads. Dette ph.d.-projekt er en del af Workspace Design forskningsprogrammet som har udviklet og testet Workspace Design konceptet og de tilhørende metoder ved intervention i...

  11. Supply Chain Management og Supply Chain costing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Mortensen, Ole

    2002-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at belyse de muligheder som ligger i at integrere virksomhedens økonomiske styring med begrebet Supply Chain Management (SCM). Dette søges belyst ved først at beskrive den teoretiske ramme, hvori SCM indgår. Herefter analyseres begrebet Supply Chain Costing (SCC) som...... Århus. Et resultat er, at via begrebet Supply Chain Costing skabes der mulighed for at måle logistikkædens aktiviteter i kr./øre. Anvendelsen af denne information har også strategisk betydning for at kunne vælge kunde og leverandør. Ved hjælp af integrationen skabes der også helt nye mulighed...

  12. Aspekter ved språket i fireårsalder : en kartlegging av samspillet mellom språkforståelse, hukommelse og språklyder, og norske fireåringers kompetanse i de språklige komponentene

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Bakgrunn, formål og problemstilling: Oppgaven har sitt utgangspunkt i forskningsprosjektet ”Child Language and Learning” ved Institutt for Spesialpedagogikk. Formålet med dette prosjektet er å kartlegge språket til norske barn i typisk utvikling, analysere forholdet mellom tidlige og sene ferdigheter, samt å benytte utvalget som en kontrollgruppe for sampels av barn der mange kan ha en forsinket eller avvikende utvikling. Dette er en longitudinell studie der kartleggingen startet høsten ...

  13. Kommentarer til SNS, Glycine max (A2704-12), vurdering af konsekvenserne ved at importere og anvende sojabønnerne på den måde, det er beskrevet i ansøgningen, modtaget 20-02-2006, deadline 01-05-2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2006-01-01

    de klimatiske forhold udelukker dette. En markedsføring af sojabønnen kan derfor ikke have nogen uønskede økologiske konsekvenser i Danmark. I dyrkningsområderne i Sydeuropa kan der ved uheld ske en iblanding af GM-sojafrø i frø til udsæd af ikke-GM soja. En eventuel tilfældig spredning af GM-soja...

  14. Earthquake Simulation Tests on Weak-layer Steel Frames with VED%薄弱层设置VED的钢框架模型振动台试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佶; 魏文晖

    2006-01-01

    对薄弱层设置粘弹性阻尼器(VED)支撑的钢框架进行了地震模拟振动台试验研究.试验中设计制作了一个五层钢框架模型,对纯钢框架结构、仅设钢支撑的钢框架结构及第一层、第三层和第五层分别设置粘弹性阻尼器支撑的结构进行了罕遇地震和多遇地震下的振动台模拟试验,并与有限元分析结果进行了对比.结果表明,粘弹性阻尼器能够有效控制结构的地震反应,但罕遇地震下的减振效果较多遇地震下的减振效果有所降低.

  15. SNG-log i boring ved Tinglev

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsbech, Uffe C C; Madsen, Peter Buch

    1999-01-01

    A 4-windows SNG-log has been run in a 185 m exploration borehole at Tinglev. A new method for examining the effect of borehole geometry on the measured gamma-spectra has been tested.......A 4-windows SNG-log has been run in a 185 m exploration borehole at Tinglev. A new method for examining the effect of borehole geometry on the measured gamma-spectra has been tested....

  16. Okulære symptomer ved syfilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kromann Opstrup Abildgaard, Søren; Javadi-Ottosen, Søren; Baggesen, Kirsten Lau;

    2014-01-01

    This case presents a 42-year-old homosexual man with weight loss, urticaria type rash, tinnitus/phonophobia, dizziness and blurred vision and scotoma on the left side. Visual acuity was affected and a left papillitis was present. The patient was tested positive for antibodies against Treponoma...

  17. Fortsat indikation for jodid-123 ved thyroideaskintigrafi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Hendel, Helle Westergren

    2011-01-01

    Diagnostic work-up of a coincidental finding of a mediastinal tumour in asymptomatic patients should initially be done by non-invasive imaging modalities. We present a case in which traditional use of 99mTc pertechnetate scintigraphy was insufficient in a male with an enlarged thyroid gland....... Application of iodine-123 can show diagnostic superiority owing to ideal tracer properties for scintigraphic imaging of the thyroid gland, such as pure gamma emission, organic binding and slow wash-out. The cons are a high radiation burden, price and lack of availability, as iodine-123 is a cyclotron product....

  18. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone;

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...... treatment comprised contact with a community mental health centre. OPUS treatment improved the clinical outcome after two years of treatment, but the effects were not sustainable up to five years after. The secondary outcome measures showed a difference on supported housing and use of bed-days at the five...

  19. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  20. Epidemiologi ved juvenil systemisk lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Vinje

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We have previously described the impact of Apgar scores on later major and minor disabilities. According to these and other studies, children with low Apgar scores have to show symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy in the first week of life to be at risk of developing later disabilities. Information on neonatal encephalopathy has traditionally been less accessible than Apgar scores in The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN. In the present study the possibility of extracting information on neonatal encephalopathy from the new notification form to the MBRN, which was introduced in late 1998, was investigated. The introduction of specific and generally accepted definitions of neonatal diagnoses combined with more comprehensive reports to MBRN from the neonatal departments may render registry based studies on neonatal encephalopathy possible in the future

  1. Besøgscenter ved fregatten Jylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    2005-01-01

    Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet....

  2. Billeddiagnostiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, Caroline; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    The imaging modalities computed tomography (CT) and the ultrasonography (US) examination focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) in relation to damage control in traumas are discussed. CT has the advantage of high sensitivity and specificity for detection of organ specific lesions. F...

  3. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate that cog...... that cognitive impairment varies according to levels of consciousness. The article shortly describes typical observed behaviour in the patient when waking up after severe TBI, including post-traumatic amnesia. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jan-15......Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate...

  4. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...... over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-23...

  5. Tidsforbrug ved monitorering af postoperativ oxygenstatus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lavrsen, M J; Tuxøe, J I; Koch, J S;

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare use of time with pulse oximetry versus arterial blood gas measurement on the general surgical ward. Eighty patients who had just had major orthopaedic or abdominal surgery were included in the study at two hospitals in Copenhagen. Success rate for pulse oxi....... We recommend that all general surgical wards should have a portable pulse oximeter for monitoring arterial oxygenation after major surgery....

  6. Sygdomsmekanismer og terapeutiske perspektiver ved neurofibromatose 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærulff, Ole; Wandall, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1, von Recklinghausen's disease) is a dominantly inherited multi-organ disease defined primarily by café au lait patches and neurofibromas. NF1 predisposes to cancer and is associated with cognitive dysfunction and learning defects. In recent years, considerable progress has...

  7. Oxidativt stress og genetiske polymorfismer ved KOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgarô, Oli Jacob; Vestbo, Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by progressive diminution of pulmonary function with minimal reversibility. The initially organ-related symptoms gradually involve secondary organs and end-stage COPD can be considered a systemic disease. The most important cause of COPD...

  8. Fremstilling af dias ved hjaelp af mikrodatamaten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard, F A; Schmidt, A E; Hammer, J H

    1990-01-01

    For production of dias for presentation of scientific data, a personal computer, a dias programme and a camera are necessary. A microdatamat with a 80286 precessor, 20 MB hard disc and an EGA colour screen are the minimum configurations which can be recommended. A hard disc between 40 and 85 MB a...

  9. Finnålsaspirationscytologi ved mammografiscreening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, Birte; Laenkholm, Anne-Vibeke; Schwartz, Walter;

    2009-01-01

    diagnostic classes were introduced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality assurance programme in a screening population to determine whether fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) as first choice remains a useful tool in the preoperative diagnostics, or if needle core biopsy should be the first...

  10. Laparoskopisk subtotal kolecystektomi ved kompliceret galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semenisina, Galina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates......, shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and mortality rates. Acute cholecystitis, cirrhosis, Mirrizi syndrome type I are the indications for LSC. Randomized prospective trials are needed to investigate safety and long-term effects....

  11. Avancering af maksillen ved brug af osseodistraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kristian; Svenstrup, M; Nørholt, Sven Erik;

    2010-01-01

    Formålet med denne litteraturgennemgang er at danne en oversigt over foreliggende videnskabelig litteratur inden for emnet anvendelse af distraktionsosteogenese til ændring af maksillens position. Materialer og metoder – I artiklen gennemgås behandlingssekvens og typer af distraktionsudstyr....... Gennemgangen omfatter emnerne: 1) stabilitet og recidiv, 2) peroperativ og postoperativ morbiditet samt gener, 3) ændringer af blødtvæv under distraktion, 4) ændringer af velopharynx og taleevne samt 5) psykosociale effekter af behandlingen. Resultater – De eksisterende artikler har samlet set generelle...... metodologiske begrænsninger, hvorfor evidensniveauet i den nuværende videnskabelige litteratur er begrænset. Et enkelt studie viser en postoperativ mere stabil position af maksillen efter distraktionsosteogenese (DO). For de to typer af behandlinger er morbiditetsraten ens, mens morbiditetstyperne varierer. Der...

  12. Lav risiko for komplikationer ved screeningskoloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thamsborg, Lise Laurberg Holst; Andersen, Ole; Fischer, Thea Kølsen

    2013-01-01

    In 2014, screening for colorectal cancer is scheduled to be introduced in Denmark using immunochemical test for blood in faeces (iFOBT). Positive tests are followed by colonoscopy. This review evaluates the risk of perforation, haemorrhage and death associated with screening colonoscopy based...

  13. Assisteret reproduktion ved HIV-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazlauskaite, Ramune; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Tinne;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In Denmark assisted reproductive treatment to HIV discordant couples is offered in order to minimize risk of horizontal transmission of virus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcome of 24 HIV-seropositive couples referred with a wish for parenthood to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby...... horizontal nor vertical infection occurred. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that insemination is a good first-choice treatment in respect to chance of pregnancy and risk for virus transmission in HIV-seropositive couples in cases without indication for IVF. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-27......, between September 1999 and December 2007 was reviewed on the basis of prospectively collected data. A total of 18 couples were offered treatment. RESULTS: In all, eight couples achieved 17 pregnancies, six by home-insemination, ten by homologous intrauterine insemination, and one spontaneously. Neither...

  14. Beskeden risiko for fosfatnefropati ved colonudrensning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Hendel, Jakob W

    2010-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy is a rare, but serious adverse event associated with the use of sodium phosphate for bowel cleansing. It may lead to permanent renal impairment and a need for dialysis. The aetiology is hyperphosphataemia caused by intestinal absorption of the cleanser. Risk factors in...... include: advanced age, existing kidney disease, decreased intravascular volume, and medications affecting renal perfusion or function such as diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and possibly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs....

  15. Biologisk terapi ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has undergone marked changes. There is substantial evidence that inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) like etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab show significant efficacy when standard therapy fails, and long...

  16. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther;

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects. In a fract...

  17. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritoneal...... cavity. However the patient was clinically unaffected without fever or signs of peritonitis. The perforation was managed with a conservative approach including antibiotics and close observation of the patient. After nine days the patient was discharged with normal gastrointestinal function and without...

  18. Sentrale elementer ved en enhetlig organisasjonskultur

    OpenAIRE

    Axelsen, Anna Louise Nes

    2015-01-01

    En god og enhetlig organisasjonskultur blir ansett som et konkurransefortrinn, og er mange organisasjoners drøm. En slik kultur kan være til fordel for organisasjonen på flere områder (Strand 2007). Den kan virke som et styringsverktøy for retning og handling, samt være motiverende og identitetsskapende for medlemmene av kulturen. I tillegg kan kulturen være et redskap for å presentere organisasjonen og påvirke omgivelsenes oppfatninger. Denne oppgaven vil belyse organisasjonskulturen ti...

  19. Antibiotikavalg ved purulent meningitis uden bakteriologisk diagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, H B

    1989-01-01

    A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology...

  20. Digitale leverancer ved aflevering af byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Niels Haldor; Sørensen, Nils Lykke; Shaukat, Fatima

    ydelser og leverancer, som knytter sig til IKT-bekendtgørelsernes §§ 10-11 og god byggepraksis. Konceptet foreslår ti kravpunkter under følgende de fire overskrifter: Administrative ydelser, bygsagsinformationer, forvaltningsinformationer og generelle informationer og erfaringer. Udredningen slutter med...

  1. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes...... to a lesser extent are preceded by stressful life events. Clinical features do not differ between depressions with or without prior stressful life events. Certain genetic variations in the serotonin receptor system seem to increase the risk of developing depression in relation to experiencing stressful life...

  2. Dilemmaet ved piratkopiering -en iterativ designproces

    OpenAIRE

    Jakobsen, Caroline; Weber, Nicoline; Scheike, Mikkel; Christiansen, Michelle Sømmerly; Johannessen, Maja

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Piratkopiering er et problem. Industrien råber vagt i gevær, og fremviser gang på gang dokumenter der påpeger tabt fortjeneste. Om industrien direkte lider, er der både folk der argumenterer for og imod. Men en ting er sikkert, der foregår ulovlig distribution af musik via nettet hver dag. Ikke desto mindre findes der en række alternativer som har til opgave at komme dette til livs. Disse onlinetjenester skal bygge bro mellem internettets gratis, og ofte ulovlige muligheder, samt ...

  3. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren Morgenthaler; Sørensen, Thorkild I A;

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us c...... closer to the development of rational therapies of obesity, the epidemic of which is continuing in the post-industrial society, which is characterised by sedentary behaviour patterns....

  4. Urinretention ved postoperativ smertebehandling med epidurale opioider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B J; Rosenberg, J; Andersen, J T

    1990-01-01

    The incidence of retention of urine in cases of postoperative epidural opioid analgesia varies from 15% to 90%. The extent to which this phenomenon depends upon the dosage employed has not been elucidated. The cause of postoperative retention of urine (PU) is probably a combination of the central...... trials on man have hitherto been undertaken. When postoperative retention of urine occurs after epidural opioid treatment, clean intermittent catheterization or introduction of a thin suprapubic catheter are recommended....

  5. Kontrol af serumcalcium med cinacalcet ved parathyroideacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanden, Anne Katrine; Vestergaard, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Treatment with cinacalcet and intravenous bisphosphonate has improved the previously often fatal prognosis of parathyroid cancer. We report two cases, of which one did not react to treatment and died within a short time-frame. In the other case, cinacalcet controlled serum calcium during a prolon...

  6. Hospitalsomkostninger ved operation for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Sørensen, Jan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs.......The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs....

  7. Jeg ved en lærkerede.

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, M. S.

    2005-01-01

    Vismændenes bestræbelse på at anvende det modelmæssige og naturvidenskabelige vidensgrundlag for den økonomiske analyse er prisværdigt. Alligevel ender randzone-konklusionen dog med delvis at snuble i netop dette grundlag. For forudsætningen for at randzoner kan give så mange sanglærker det er vel...

  8. Analyse af vindklima ved Navitas Park

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen.......Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen....

  9. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    The complexity of sustainable construction has and can be expected toincrease - many believe it to be a significant hurdle in entering or understanding the discipline. The amount of knowledge required for sound decision-making grows by the day, and is increasingly important for architects, as many critical...... to ascertain the necessary prerequisites for the method to result in a solid basis for decision-making for architects. As part of this study, an LCA tool (ecoARK) was developed and tested in different contexts. The conclusion of this thesis is that system deliveries have great potential to promote sustainable...... to the environment, but also for society as a whole on social, ethical, and socio-economic levels. Sustainability in construction remains extremely difficult to define. The reason for this lies in the enormous complexity of the context – the ‘Big Picture’. Various aspects of this ‘Big Picture’ come into focus...

  10. Beta-2-mikroglobulin ved medicinske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P B; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1989-01-01

    Beta-2-microglobulin (beta 2M) is a low-molecular protein which is filtered freely over the glomeruli. Under normal circumstances, more than 99.9% is resorbed in the proximal tubuli of the kidneys and is metabolized there. In renal disease with damage to this segment of the nephron, eg acute tubulo......-interstitial nephropathy, increased quantities of beta 2M are excreted in the urine. If the rate of glomerular filtration is reduced, serum-beta 2M is increased and this is also the case in persons with increased cell division despite normal renal function. Serum-beta 2M is, therefore, raised in numerous malignant...... diseases and reflects the size of the tumour mass. During cytostatic treatment of myelomatosis and chronic lymphatic leukaemia, the serum-beta 2M levels decrease on remission and increase on relapse. In acute leukaemia and malignant lymphoma with infiltration of the CNS, similar conditions prevail for CSF...

  11. Det komplekse kliniske billede ved arvelige mitokondriesygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Anja Lisbeth; Nielsen, Morten Frost; Yderstræde, Knud;

    2014-01-01

    Mitochondria produce cellular energy, which is of vital importance for cellular metabolism. The organelles contain their own genetic material (i.e. mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)) with a matrilineal inheritance. Mutations in the mtDNA may cause mitochondrial disease affecting multiple organs leading to...

  12. Brugen af business cases ved investeringsbeslutninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandalgaard, Niels

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel har som formål at sætte fokus på brugen af business cases med særlig fokus på de økonomistyringsmæssige problemstillinger, der er forbundet hermed. Der vil endvidere gives en række praktiske anvisninger på, hvordan man kan håndtere de finansieringsteoretiske problemstillinger, så de...

  13. Kognitive deficit ved skizofreni og andre psykoser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fagerlund, Birgitte; Glenthøj, Birte Y

    2008-01-01

    and there is considerable incentive to develop treatments that can improve these deficits. The current brief review summarizes the relevance of cognitive deficits for the pathogenesis and prognosis of psychotic disorders, and identifies pertinent issues within the research field Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  14. VEDs for charged particle accelerators: Indian scenario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the initial times after their invention, the charged particle accelerators have, primarily, been used for fundamental studies on nuclei and atoms. From the first modern accelerator, the cathode ray tube, used by J.J. Thomson for the discovery of electron, very recently the gigantic 27 km circumference Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is operational in the search of Higg's boson and related physics issues. Particle accelerators have emerged as powerful microscopes for investigating the finest details of cells, genes, molecules, atoms, protons, neutrons, muons, electrons, quarks and, possibly, still undiscovered even more fundamental constituents of the universe, such as dark matter and dark energy. Several noble prize winning discoveries have been made using accelerators. Accelerators are now being used in a wide area of industrial and medical applications. They are used for the production of radioisotopes for medical imaging, cancer therapy, food sterilization, treatment of waste water, sterilization of medical equipment, material modification, mass spectroscopy, cargo scanning, fabrication of semiconductors etc. Ongoing effort towards the development of accelerators with megawatt beam power is showing hope for a cleaner source of nuclear energy and treatment of nuclear waste. Several tens of thousands of accelerators are presently operational in the world for basic research and applications. Development of new accelerators has several times been driven by new technologies and materials and sometimes they have driven the technological developments towards cutting edge. Some examples are ultra-high vacuum in large volumes, superfluid helium in cryogenics, cryocoolers, superconducting magnets and RF cavities, high power vacuum electronic devices, global control systems, superfast computing and communication networks, giant data storage/processing systems etc. India has been pursuing a fairly robust programme of accelerator development at various institutions. It started, primarily, with accelerator construction for basic and applied research, Some accelerators have also been operating for medical purposes

  15. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  16. Katetervejledt trombolyse ved perifer arteriel okklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Holt, G; Sandermann, J

    2001-01-01

    (TOPAS and STILE) have serious selection bias, which makes generalisation difficult. Other studies have incomparable data and thus meta-analysis is impossible. Consequently, a recent consensus document cannot recommend an agent or principle of infusion. Thrombolysis of late, but transitory (< 14 days...

  17. Katetervejledt trombolyse ved perifer arteriel okklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Holt, G; Sandermann, Jes

    2001-01-01

    (TOPAS and STILE) have serious selection bias, which makes generalisation difficult. Other studies have incomparable data and thus meta-analysis is impossible. Consequently, a recent consensus document cannot recommend an agent or principle of infusion. Thrombolysis of late, but transitory (<14 days...

  18. Der er mange sikkerhedsrisici ved patientovergange

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siemsen, Inger Margrete Dyrholm; Michaelsen, Lisa; Nielsen, Jacob;

    2011-01-01

    Modern patient care requires collaboration among health-care workers belonging to various functional units, departments and hospitals. When the responsibility for patients is handed over, information is easily lost. This literature review identifies problems in patient handover situations and pro...... proposes solutions to these. We reviewed 417 papers and the analysis comprises 29 papers. The paper points out numerous problems in connection with the transfer of responsibility, showing the importance of focusing on patient handover as a vulnerable phase in patient care....

  19. Stormbaner ved ulikt isdekke i Labradorhavet

    OpenAIRE

    Byrkjedal, Øyvind

    2002-01-01

    The seaice in the Arctic is an important component in the climate system, and plays an important role by interacting with atmospheric circulation trough surface-albedo and energy-exchanges. To study the atmospheric response to changes in sea-ice and SST in the Labrador Sea an atmospheric global circulation model (ARPEGE/IFS) is constructed. The control-experiment is set up with a climatologic icecover and SST. Two perturbed experiments, LABMAX and LABMIN, is set up with increased ice-cover/lo...

  20. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic...

  1. Usikker diagnostik med ultralydskanning ved fejlplaceret spiral

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egekvist, Anne Gisselmann; Høj, Lars; Riiskjaer, Mads

    2014-01-01

    Ultrasound scan did not locate misplaced intrauterine devices One of the rare but serious complications of intrauterine contraception is perforation of the uterine wall at insertion. We present two cases where intrauterine devices went missing. In both cases abdominal and vaginal ultrasound scan...

  2. Stressfaktoren ved rumlig fleksibilitet i arbejdslivet

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Rebecca Stormly

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is written to explore the causes of stress regarding spatial flexibility. The thesis revolves around the question; which circumstances of spatial flexibility can cause an employee to work more than his or her psyche can handle. When the possibility of spatial flexibility is introduced to a workplace, one must assume that it is intended to benefit the given institution, the management and the employees. No one benefits from an employee who feels overloaded; so why is this occasiona...

  3. "Jeg har altid haft nemt ved tingene"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Rasmussen, Palle

    Rapporten analyserer talentundervisningen på 8. og 9. klassetrin i Hjørring Kommune i skoleåret 2006-2007. Der var tale om ekstraundervisning uden for normal skoletid. Det faglige indhold lå inden for fysik, kemi, biologi, matematik og engelsk, og både folkeskolelærere og gymnasielærere medvirked...

  4. Generaliserede kramper som debutsymptom ved Gitelmans syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvelplund, Carolina; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt; Mortensen, Henrik B;

    2009-01-01

    Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome presenting with hypocalciuria, hypomagnesiemia and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This case reports a patient admitted with generalized seizures with the above-mentioned biochemical abnormalities, thus representing a rare onset of Gitel......Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome presenting with hypocalciuria, hypomagnesiemia and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This case reports a patient admitted with generalized seizures with the above-mentioned biochemical abnormalities, thus representing a rare onset...

  5. Tumormarkører ved epitelial ovariecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sparholt, Morten H; Høgdall, Estrid; Høgdall, Claus K

    2009-01-01

    In October 2007, the Danish government and regions made an agreement comprising acute treatment of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. The acute OC-package includes the tumour marker cancer antigen 125 (CA125) as an essential factor. This marker is yet not optimal due to too low sensitivity/specificity......In October 2007, the Danish government and regions made an agreement comprising acute treatment of ovarian cancer (OC) patients. The acute OC-package includes the tumour marker cancer antigen 125 (CA125) as an essential factor. This marker is yet not optimal due to too low sensitivity...

  6. Kjenneteikn ved yoga som bevegelsessystem. Ein intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Yoga er opprinneleg eit klassisk indisk filosofisk system med røter fleire tusen år tilbake i tid. I vesten har det ofte vore mest fokus på yoga som fysisk disiplin beståande av stillingar (asanas) og pust (pranayama), også kalla hatha yoga. I dei seinare år har yoga har har hatt ei jamn auke i popularitet, og er også gjenstand for mykje forsking innan medisin og helsefag. Det presenterast ofte som ein kontrast til anna trening. Føremål: Å få auka kunnskap om kjenn...

  7. Utfordringer ved prima vista tolking i asylintervjuer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Radanović Felberg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Every year the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI conducts approximately 10,000 interpreter-mediated asylum interviews in Norway. Each asylum interview ends with the interpreter providing a sight translation of the draft interview report (an oral translation of the text to the asylum seeker. The UDI wished to find out why some interpreters took so much more time than others for sight translation. In response, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences initiated a pilot project. The project’s working hypothesis was that slow sight translation was due mainly to a combination of three factors: interpreters’ poor reading skills; interpreters’ poor interpreting techniques; and/or interpreters’ unfamiliarity with the appropriate genre/style. A more complex picture emerged, however, from an analysis of 13 asylum interviews; group work involving 108 UDI interpreters; and discussions with UDI specialists. An asylum report is the joint product of all the participants in an asylum interview, who are typically the asylum seeker, the interviewer and the interpreter. The pilot study showed that each participant could contribute in various ways to slowing the speed of sight translation. Contributing factors identified that were unrelated to the interpreter included the interviewer’s competence in interview techniques; the interviewer’s competence in creating a written record of speech; the asylum seeker’s narrative ability; and the asylum seeker’s ability to correct mistakes in the draft report. All these factors may have just as much impact on the speed of sight translation as the interpreter’s competence. In addition, the physical strain caused by the length of asylum interviews (six hours plus and the emotional stress potentially caused by such institutional interviews may affect the communicative abilities of all participants. As sight translation in the public sector is an under-researched area, the article starts with a discussion of terminology and an explanation of the UDI context. It then presents a possible explanation for slowness of sight translation and concludes that there is a need for more research into the various factors relevant to sight translation in the public sector and that there is a need to provide systematic training for both interpreters and interpreter users.

  8. Utfordringer ved prima vista tolking i asylintervjuer

    OpenAIRE

    Tatjana Radanović Felberg

    2015-01-01

    Every year the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) conducts approximately 10,000 interpreter-mediated asylum interviews in Norway. Each asylum interview ends with the interpreter providing a sight translation of the draft interview report (an oral translation of the text) to the asylum seeker. The UDI wished to find out why some interpreters took so much more time than others for sight translation. In response, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences initiated a pilot ...

  9. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter;

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....... system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  10. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    patients have higher risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fracture compared to those without PD because of lower bone mineral density (BMD) and lack of vitamin D. Prevention of fracture in PD patients should include fall-risk screening, BMD measurements by DXA scan and screening for risk factors...

  11. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine;

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM r...

  12. Leverfibrose kan vurderes ved ikkeinvasiv ultralydelastografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielsen, Peter; Wilkens, Rune; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael;

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosis and assessment of liver fibrosis is of great importance for initiating treatment and starting hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in patients with established cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging, however; it is far from perfect. Non......-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis is becoming more available and is well tolerated. This review describes the feasibility and reliability of two elastography methods: transient elastography and Acoustic Radiation Force....

  13. Ekstrapulmonale komplikationer ved mycoplasma pneumoniae-infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anne-Mette Bay; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

    2002-01-01

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia in children and young adults. The infection is generally mild and only a very few patients are admitted to hospital. However, extrapulmonary complications are well recognised--mostly as manifestations from the central nervous system (CNS)....

  14. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter;

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....

  15. Regulering af cytokindannelse ved inflammatoriske tarmsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferrero-Miliani, Laura; Seidelin, Jakob Benecidt; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2006-01-01

    Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a pivotal mediator in the inflammatory immune response that is characteristic of a number of chronic disorders. The etiology and pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have for many years been an enigma. The recent identification of the inflammasome......, a multiprotein complex responsible for interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE, caspase-1) activation, has generated new possibilities for the elucidation of the etiology and pathophysiology of IBD and as a consequence also for the identification of new treatment targets....

  16. Rickettsiose som differentialdiagnostisk overvejelse ved rejserelateret feber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    Rickettsial diseases are increasingly reported in international travellers. Prospective studies have shown that 2-4 % of travellers returning with fever have a rickettsiosis. We discuss epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnostics, treatment and prevention of rickettsiosis. In conclusion, rickett......Rickettsial diseases are increasingly reported in international travellers. Prospective studies have shown that 2-4 % of travellers returning with fever have a rickettsiosis. We discuss epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnostics, treatment and prevention of rickettsiosis. In conclusion......, rickettsiosis should be considered in the returned traveller with fever, especially when malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have been excluded. There is a possibility that doxycycline may have a prophylactic effect on rickettsiosis, but this thesis is only imaginary and needs further investigation....

  17. Monitorering og iltbehandling ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenberg, J

    1992-01-01

    Gastroenterological Societies in Britain and USA have published recommendations for sedation, monitoring and oxygen therapy during gastrointestinal endoscopy. No scientific basis for the introduction of recommendations such as these is, however, present as it has not yet been proved that hypoxaemia....... The scientific data available at present in this field is not conclusive. Introduction of recommendations for monitoring and oxygen therapy during gastrointestinal endoscopy in Denmark should be delayed until elucidation of the mechanisms involved has been undertaken....

  18. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  19. Smerte og smertemestring ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels; Thastum, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Pain is one of the primary symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA patients have reduced pain tolerance and pain threshold compared to healthy controls. In children with JIA the greater use of coping strategies such as problem-solving, positive self-statements and distraction...

  20. Undersøgelse af vindforhold ved det kommende testcenter ved Østerild

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mann, Jakob; Courtney, Michael; Hummelshøj, Poul;

    vegetation cover, the wind shear and turbulence intensity in the lower 100m are quite severe. Tree clearances out to several distances are investigated. It is found that a distance from the wind turbines to the forest edge of 1,5km is probably sufficient to give acceptable flow conditions for the proposed......A new test station for large wind turbines is planned for a currently forested area in Thy, Denmark. This report documents the numerical modeling and measurements that have been conducted in order to determine how much of the existing forest should be cleared. It is seen that with the current...

  1. Tegn på læring ved bruk av interaktive matematikkutstillinger ved vitensenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nils Kr. Rossing

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Interactive exhibits at science centres are believed to have a learning effect on visitors. This study investigates two interactive exhibits concerning mathematics at the Science centre in Trondheim, Norway, to what extent they appeal to the audience, and contributes to constructive thought processes that provide for learning. I was also looking for characteristics of the exhibits that might obstruct such thought processes. During the study we observed more than 170 visitors while they used the two exhibits. In addition I observed and interviewed seven teenagers hired specifically to work with the exhibits. Since the audience are completely free to use the exhibits as they like, it is assumed that there is a high correlation between time spent at the exhibits and public involvement. By measuring the average time for every age group, it was found that the exhibits engaged teenagers and adults to a high degree. Also children below 13 years of age used the exhibits diligently, but then in other ways than intended. Some major obstacles that the design of the exhibits let in the way of creating constructive thought processes among the audience were identified. For example, it was found that removing the time limitation of solving tasks and giving the audience the greatest possible transparency and control over the exhibits, a better basis for discussions and reflections was laid. This is an important premise for learning. Furthermore, changes in conditions were made in order to encourage the audience to try out new strategies.

  2. Integration af IT-forskning ved en ny gruppe ved DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howard, Rob

    1999-01-01

    Objectives and formation of the IT byg group with areas for research including: integration of applications around a building model with analysis of energy and visualisation.......Objectives and formation of the IT byg group with areas for research including: integration of applications around a building model with analysis of energy and visualisation....

  3. "De verkar te å gå bakåt" : språk, etnicitet och identitet belyst utifrån emigrant- och dialektmaterial

    OpenAIRE

    Flodell, Gunvor

    2002-01-01

    "Things seem to decline..." - Language, ethnicity and identity illustrated by material from a former Swedish colony in Misiones, Argentina and dialect material from Bjurholm, Sweden Nowadays there is a universal tendency towards convergence and simplification in several official European languages, the existence of non-codified languages is threatened and dialectal varieties are subject to levelling. If minority languages and intralinguistic varieties are to survive, this depends to a great e...

  4. Anvendelse af frisk frosset plasma til patientbehandling. Indikationer belyst gennem et litteraturstudie og en undersøgelse af praksis på et universitetshospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lahrmann, C; Højlund, K; Kristensen, T;

    1996-01-01

    We analyzed transfusion data on all patients transfused with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) during two periods of four weeks, before (phase one) and after (phase two) initiation of information and intervention. Information was based on the results of phase one and on information about appropriate use...... of FFP. The intervention consisted of introducing a new policy: Clinicians had to justify their prescription of FFP to the physician on duty in the blood bank. During phase one, the usage of FFP was 403 units, which decreased to 229 units during phase two (43% reduction). In both phases an unchanged...... proportion of FFP units (68%) were preceded by coagulation tests. In phase one, only 90 (22.3%) of the instances had documented coagulopathy by laboratory criteria, whereas in phase two the number was 77 (33.6%). A total of 186 (46.4%) FFP units in phase one were considered inappropriately transfused...

  5. Inspirator og støttespiller? “Transformasjonsledelse og LMX-ledelse belyst i en surveystudie med 2 910 norske ledere”

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Thomas; Susegg, John Andreas

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on Norwegian leaders and their practice of leadership, measured by the leadership theories of Transformational Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange Leadership Theory, and how they promote Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), which contributes in encouraging the interests of the organization on an individual and organizational level. The aim of the study was to explore three relations. The relations between the leaders' behavior (Transformational Leadership), their re...

  6. 水平n层导电半空间中运动时谐垂直电偶极子的电磁场%EMF of time-harmonic VED moving in a horizontal n-layer conducting half-space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嵇斗; 朱武兵; 王向军

    2014-01-01

    Based on the MAXWELL equation of the time-harmonic elctromagnetic field(EM F) and the boundary condition of the n-layer linear homogenous conducting medium ,this paper offers a series of general expressions of magnetism vector for the time-harmonic vertical electric dipole (VED) .Accor-ding to the basic principle of the special theory of relativity and Lorentz transformation ,the EM F of the moving dipole which is embedded in the first layer of the conducting half-space is presented .These expressions are used to solve for the EM F of the two-layer model of air and seawater and of the three-layer model of air ,seawater and seabed respectively .The comparison with the related literature veri-fies the correctness of the expressions .%对于 n层线性、均匀、各向同性水平成层导电媒质半空间,根据时谐电磁场的麦克斯韦方程和电磁场相对性原理,利用多层介质边界条件,给出了匀速运动垂直时谐电偶极子的矢量磁位表达式以及有源层中偶极子产生的电磁场表达通式。利用所得到的表达通式,分别求解两层(空气-海水)模型和三层(空气-海水-海床)模型的电磁场,并与有关文献进行了比较分析,验证了所得表达式的正确性。

  7. Hungry bone-syndrom ved vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chehaiber, Mohamad M; Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

    2009-01-01

    An 85-year-old woman was admitted after being bedridden for six months with muscular weakness and diarrhoea. Vitamin 25-OH-D, serum calcium, magnesium and phosphate were low, and parathyroid hormone as well as alkaline phosphatase were increased. Dual x-ray absorption scan showed reduced bone...... mineral density. The patient was treated with calcium, magnesium and vitamin D, initially intravenously and subsequently as tablets. Clinically the patient's condition slowly normalized. Remineralization of the skeleton resulted in consistent hypocalcaemia for more than nine months. Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  8. Ved du hvem der har dine sundhedsdata? Og hvorfor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ploug, Thomas; Birkler, Jacob; Greisen, Gorm;

    2015-01-01

    Sundhedsvæsenets flid med at indsamle data om vores sundhed gør Danmark til et eldorado for sundhedsforskning. Det kan både gøre borgerne sundere og landet rigere. Men der er også en bagside, når der er nem adgang til helt private og følsomme oplysninger.......Sundhedsvæsenets flid med at indsamle data om vores sundhed gør Danmark til et eldorado for sundhedsforskning. Det kan både gøre borgerne sundere og landet rigere. Men der er også en bagside, når der er nem adgang til helt private og følsomme oplysninger....

  9. Økonomiske konsekvenser ved accelererede knaealloplastikforløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Høngaard; Husted, Henrik; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare economic costs, readmissions and the use of services in the primary health care sector associated with total knee-arthroplasty (TKA) between a department with accelerated care pathways and two departments with more conventional pathways. MATERIAL...... pathways with only elective orthopaedic surgery. We compared readmissions and the use of secondary services in the primary health sector within three months after discharge. RESULTS: Patient characteristics were comparable in the three departments, but the length of stay was significantly different (4...

  10. Fatalt forløb ved in vitro-fertilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Martin Kryspin; Møller-Sørensen, Hasse; Svane, Christian;

    2010-01-01

    Chylomicronaemia syndrome is a rare disorder primarily caused by a genetic defect which increases triglycerides, combined with a secondary inducing factor. We describe the fatal course of a 33-year-old, pregnant woman with known dyslipidaemia who had been treated with in vitro fertilisation...

  11. Falsk positivt fund ved screening for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgh, Annette; Grøndal, Nikolaj; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2009-01-01

    the aortic diameter with a high precision. We describe a false-positive finding in a 66-year-old male. US abdominal screening led to a suspected 8.3 cm AAA. Consequently, a computed tomography was performed showing an AAA of normal proportions and a big bladder diverticulum in front of the aorta abdominalis.......The incidence of false-positive screening results in connection with ultrasound scans (US) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is unknown, but it is presumably a rare occurrence. The estimated predictive values of both false and true screening results are high because abdominal US describes...

  12. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper;

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  13. Nye sygdomsmarkører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative neoplasier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmström, Morten Orebo; Ocias, Lukas Frans; Kallenbach, Klaus;

    2015-01-01

    The chaperone and calcium storing protein calreticulin is coded by CALR, and newly identified mutations in CALR are found in respectively 49-70% and 56-88% of JAK2- and MPL-negative patients with essential thrombocytaemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). A total of 41 mutations have been...

  14. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone;

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...... treatment comprised contact with a community mental health centre. OPUS treatment improved the clinical outcome after two years of treatment, but the effects were not sustainable up to five years after. The secondary outcome measures showed a difference on supported housing and use of bed-days at the five...

  15. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    Cytoplasmic inflammasomes are formed through activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) of the innate immune system. Endogenous and exogenous danger signals, e.g. DNA- and RNA-fragments, urate- and cholesterol crystals, silica and asbestos, ß-amyloid, UV-light and skin irritants, may induce...

  16. Glemt DDR-katastrofe viser faren ved transport af kuldioxid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess

    2013-01-01

    Transport af CO2 i rørledninger er aktuelt i forbindelse med olieudvinding og kampen mod CO2-udledning. Men det er ikke ufarligt.......Transport af CO2 i rørledninger er aktuelt i forbindelse med olieudvinding og kampen mod CO2-udledning. Men det er ikke ufarligt....

  17. Danmarks Domstole som praktikplads - rekrutteringsmuligheder ved employer branding

    OpenAIRE

    Jeppesen, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis the focus is to identify which messages the governmental institution “The Courts of Denmark” needs to incorporate and emphasize in an effort to recruit office apprentices by means of an approach to an employer brand that seeks to balance the target group’s expectations towards a potential employer, with the image and reality of said institution/employer. It also focuses on which circumstances “The Courts of Denmark” needs to take into consideration in the preparatio...

  18. Anæstesiologiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    Patients with severe traumatic injuries occasionally undergo damage control surgery. This paper highlights some of the perioperative anaesthesiological considerations. Although damage control is often used as a surgical term, it is crucial that personnel involved in the parallel resuscitation of ...

  19. Resuscitation og abdominalkirurgiske aspekter ved damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens G; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    In multitrauma patients continuous bleeding is one of the major killers. Coagulation defects have been shown to be a primary event and to occur very early in multitrauma patients (acute traumatic coagulopathy). It is enhanced by acidosis, hypothermia and further coagulation disorders in the "bloo...

  20. Denosumab normaliserede plasmacalcium ved malignitetsbetinget hyperkalcæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Størling, Louise; Villadsen, Gerda Elisabeth; Krogh, Klaus;

    2014-01-01

    This case report shows how denosumab apparently treated bisphosphonate-refractory hypercalcaemia caused by a neuroendocrine tumour of the pancreas in a 48-year-old woman. We cannot eliminate the possibility that the patient's DOTATOC-treatment contributed to the decline in plasma calcium concentr...

  1. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  2. Færre indikationer for sedation ved respiratorbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Rian, Omar; Toft, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation have traditionally been deeply sedated. In the latest decade growing evidence supports less sedation as being beneficial for the patients. A daily interruption of sedation has been shown to reduce the length of mechanical ventilation and the...

  3. Estimering af afløbskoefficienter ved brug af vejrradarer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahm, Malte

    2013-01-01

    Korrekt bestemmelsen af et oplands afløbskoefficienter er essentielt i forbindelse med afløbsteknisk modellering. Specielt i forbindelse med realtidsstyring, da afløbskoefficienterne er styrende for afløbssystemets massebalance. Dette studie viser en effektiv metode til at estimere de hydrologiske...... parametre på deloplandsniveau på baggrund af afstrømningsmålinger for hele oplandet kombineret med vejrradar data....

  4. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre;

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...... in the pathogenesis of ITP. This article aims to provide an overview of current treatment options, with particular emphasis on new biological therapies: rituximab, a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, and the thrombopoietin receptor agonists romiplostim and eltrombopag....

  5. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre;

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...... in the pathogenesis of ITP.This article aims to provide an overview of our knowledge of the pathogenesis of ITP....

  6. Støtte til egenomsorg ved kronisk sygdom?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Jørgensen, Bjarne Søgaard; Rytter, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Self-management is part of chronic care to ensure an informed and activated patient. We scrutinised systematic literature reviews about self-care in general practice. There were effects on clinical and patient related measures and health services utilisation. Most effect was seen in interventions...

  7. Nye prognostiske markører ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Brünner, N A; Thorlacius-Ussing, O;

    1998-01-01

    The majority of patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer do not survive five years, although 70%-80% undergo curative surgery. Only a minority of the patients receive additional adjuvant chemo-, radio- and/or immunotherapy, which has proven its efficiency in a minor part of patients with...... Dukes C disease. Therefore, adjuvant therapy has only an insignificant impact on overall survival improvement. The present treatment of patients with colorectal cancer is far from sufficient, and this has led to considerations of how to optimize both surgical and adjuvant medical treatment strategy....... Current biotechnological research in tumour biology has led to the development of several new treatment modalities, and within few years some of these will be tested clinically. It cannot be expected that all modalities may prove equally efficient in all patients. Furthermore, half the operated patients...

  8. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    The sequelae following whiplash injuries (WL) entail considerable human costs and expenses for both treatment and social services, especially public income benefits. Frequently, many players are involved after WL and good intersectional collaboration is therefore essential to counter the WL...... patients' tendency not to return to their jobs. There is a need for further research i) to identify evidence-based prophylaxis and treatment, ii) to monitor medical diagnoses in relation to social benefits to support research opportunities and iii) to assess whether other social solutions comprise...

  9. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...... effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  10. Overførsel af viden ved flytning af produktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Riis, Jens Ove; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2010-01-01

    Empiriske studier i tre industrielle virksomheder har afsløret, at selv virksomheder med mange års erfaring i at overføre produktion til andre lande hovedsagelig fokuserer på planlægning af den fysiske overflytning af produktionsudstyr og fokuserer på den eksplicitte viden, der er tilknyttet...... produktionsfaciliteterne. Virksomhederne synes at være usikre på, hvordan man indfanger, overfører og udvikler tavs viden. Litteraturstudier understøtter konklusionen om, at der er behov for en mere systematisk metode til at overføre og udvikle viden for at sikre en accelereret ramp-up efter flytning af...

  11. Melæna som debutsymptom ved amyloidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessen, Ester M B; Nielsen, Liv Bjerre Juul; Bønnelycke, Marie Kamper;

    2015-01-01

    Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by abnormal extracellular deposits of protein. The disease may affect the stomach, however, symptoms are rare in this case. Furthermore, the rare symptoms are diffuse and unspecific and the diagnosis relies on biopsy. We report the case of a 79-year-old fema...... presenting with melaena and no history of amyloidosis. Gastroscopy raised suspicion of a malignant process in the stomach, but biopsy revealed gastric amyloidosis. The treatment of gastric involvement is primarily symptomatic, and causal treatment is reserved for the few.......Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by abnormal extracellular deposits of protein. The disease may affect the stomach, however, symptoms are rare in this case. Furthermore, the rare symptoms are diffuse and unspecific and the diagnosis relies on biopsy. We report the case of a 79-year-old female...

  12. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    on tolerance tests, combined with blood tests or breath tests (hydrogen excretion). The latter is considered the most reliable, but the available evidence for choice of tests is not solid. Similar reservations apply to conditions of bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine, which may lead to diffuse...... with occult (compensated) malassimilation. Malassimilation of carbohydrates may be physiological (starch, fructose, sugar alcohols etc., in certain ethnic groups lactose) as well as pathological. In both instances chronic gastro-intestinal distress may arise in sensitive individuals. The diagnosis is based...

  13. ALT der er fortalt og ALT vi ved

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    Rapport om en biblioteksforestilling udviklet i et samarbejde mellem Viborg Bibliotekerne og Carte Blanche, Egnsteater i Viborg, støttet af Statens Kunstråds Tværæstetiske Pulje og Kulturstyrelsen. I rapporten redegøres for projektets ide, design, forløb og evaluering. Afsnit omhandler Den poetiske...

  14. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  15. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  16. Potentielle skadelige virkninger ved brug af strømpistol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Hassager, Christian;

    2014-01-01

    Conducted electrical weapons (CEW) were invented in the 1970s and are now widely used by more than 16,000 military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Recent studies have sug-gested that a causal relation of cardiac arrest in humans and utilization of CEW may exist and cardiac capture and fatal...... arrhythmia have been documented in animal studies. We believe, based on current knowledge, that CEW use may have caused human fatalities. Users should be aware of potential serious side effects and be able to provide basic life support....

  17. Aflastning af tumorbetinget obstruerede øvre urinveje ved prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Pia Charlotte; Borre, Michael

    2009-01-01

    and efficient. Nephrostomies should be preferred in patients who are in bad health or infected while double-J stents - especially antegrade - should be offered to healthier or stronger patients. Successful placement and positive effect of a double-J stent is furthermore dependent on well-functioning kidneys...

  18. Hvad gør vi ved aborterede fostre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathar, Helle

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde.......Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde....

  19. Planlagt kontrolgastroskopi ved forekomst af blødningsstigmatiseret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skarbye, M; Trap, R; Rosenberg, J

    2000-01-01

    standard care. We found 15 of the 70 patients to rebleed after initial sclerotherapy. Overall success rate of endoscopic therapy was 63/70 patients (90%). The most important factor predicting rebleeding was the occurrence of active bleeding at the initial endoscopy. Compared with an expected rebleeding......Preliminary studies have suggested a beneficial effect of second look endoscopy in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer. We have performed a retrospective survey of 70 patients with bleeding peptic ulcer admitted to our department. Planned second look endoscopy and repeated sclerotherapy was...... rate derived from the literature of 20-25 patients, the present study suggests a beneficial effect on rebleeding rate of planned second look endoscopy. Future controlled trials should verify this hypothesis....

  20. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...

  1. Eurokrisen forlænget ved en fejl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enrum, Nils

    2012-01-01

    De ledende organisationer har taget fejl i deres økonomiske anbefalinger gennem hele eurokrisen. Det erkender IMF nu. Spørgsmålet er dog, om det får nogen indflydelse på den fremtidige kurs, hvor EU-landene synes hvirvlet ind i et fælles ’race to the bottom’......De ledende organisationer har taget fejl i deres økonomiske anbefalinger gennem hele eurokrisen. Det erkender IMF nu. Spørgsmålet er dog, om det får nogen indflydelse på den fremtidige kurs, hvor EU-landene synes hvirvlet ind i et fælles ’race to the bottom’...

  2. Intra- og interobservatøroverensstemmelse ved gennemsyn af kapselendoskopifilm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Emilie Lund; Ersbøll, Annette Kjaer; Rasmussen, Anne Mette Odgaard;

    2009-01-01

    nurse and a junior doctor, both with no CE experience, reviewed 30 CE films twice and noted their findings. A distinction was made between clinically important and non-important findings. An endoscopy specialist and the Given Imaging Review Service reviewed the films once each, and their findings were...... used as the study's gold standard. Time consumption, intra- and interobserver agreement, sensitivity and specificity were assessed. RESULTS: The junior doctor improved in speed from 1st to 2nd review, but the nurse did not. Both performed poorly compared with Given Imaging Review Service regarding...... diagnostic accuracy. The junior doctor improved in diagnostic accuracy from 1st to 2nd review, while the nurse did not. The nurse showed a decrease in sensitivity from 1st to 2nd review from 89% to 62%, whereas the junior doctor's sensitivity increased from 48% to 62%. Both missed many pathological findings...

  3. Instituttstruktur og fakultetsorganisering ved HF-fakultetet, Universitetet i Bergen

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Ivar Andreas Åsland; Vabø, Agnete

    2005-01-01

    At an inter-faculty meeting in the spring of 2004, The Faculty of Arts (HF) at the University of Bergen (UiB) took the initiative to evaluate the institute structure. Today’s organisation of institutes was last changed in 1995 when several institutes were merged. An important part of the evaluation was to conduct a survey of the views of the scientific staff on the weaknesses and strengths of the present organisational and management systems, the conditions for future organisat...

  4. Ny markør ved trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Hillarp, Andreas; Lindblom, Anders;

    2008-01-01

    Thrombotic microangiopathy can be caused by several conditions which are difficult to diagnose from the clinical presentation alone. Deficient enzyme activity of a newly-discovered enzyme, ADAMTS-13, can lead to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Lack of ADAMTS-13 activity causes increased...... concentrations of high molecular weight von Willebrand factor forms and increased platelet aggregation. Measurement of ADAMTS-13 activity is useful for the diagnosis of TTP and may also be relevant as a prognostic test for recurrent TTP. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Aug-11...

  5. Training by means of simulators; Opplaering ved bruk av simulator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, Hans Petter

    1998-07-01

    This presentation claims that the offshore industry has enough technology and equipment, it does not lack money, if the projects are good enough, and it does not lack new challenging tasks. The challenge is to provide the skill required to accomplish the tasks and to make the personnel, technology and the organisation work together. Thus, tomorrow's winners on the shelf will be those who commit themselves to education and learning. Simulators have been used extensively by the airline companies. This is not the case for the operation of drilling rigs at sea. Some entrepreneurs have begun to realise that simulator training is the modern way of approaching new technology. Operators have been using simulators for many years in offshore process training. The development of software and audio-visual tools brings the student closer to reality by simulation. In cooperation with Maritime Hydraulic, Smedvig Offshore AS developed a Ram Rig simulator. This presentation discusses Version 1 of the RamRig Simulator in some detail and some issues to be incorporated into the next version.

  6. Behov for national database ved operation for lumbal spondylodese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Sten; Iversen, Maria Gerding; Kehlet, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The indication for surgical technique in lumbar fusion is debated. The objective of this study was to analyse the indication and operative technique in lumbar surgery clinics in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort study based on a sample from four public and four private clinics...... rehabilitation program was performed in 59% of the cases. Combined anterior and posterior fusion was performed in 37 cases, posterior instrumented fusion in 77 cases and posterior uninstrumented fusion in 105 cases, interspinous spacer was used in six cases and disc arthroplasty in 13 cases. CONCLUSION: Adequate...... evaluation of indication and choice of surgical technique in lumbar fusion based on patient files was not possible. We found no qualitative differences between public and private clinics. A national database is needed to monitor indication and choice of operative procedure. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Nov-22...

  7. Mikroalbuminuri som praediktor af aterosklerotisk kardiovaskulaer sygdom ved IDDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deckert, T; Yokoyama, H; Mathiesen, E R;

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this follow-up study was to assess whether slightly elevated urinary albumin excretion, i.e., microalbuminuria, precedes development of atherosclerotic vascular disease in IDDM. Out of 259 IDDM-patients 30 developed vascular disease during 2,457 person-years. Microalbuminuria was signi......The aim of this follow-up study was to assess whether slightly elevated urinary albumin excretion, i.e., microalbuminuria, precedes development of atherosclerotic vascular disease in IDDM. Out of 259 IDDM-patients 30 developed vascular disease during 2,457 person-years. Microalbuminuria...

  8. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...... the first year of usage. VTE risk increases with EE dose and progestin of 3rd and 4th generation. There are several difficulties in studying COC use in teenagers: high dropout rates, ethical considerations and many different COC formulas....

  9. Svært ved grammatikken - del 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Line Burholt

    2015-01-01

    Denne artikel er den første af tre artikler om baggrunden for grammatiske vanskeligheder, et emne der behandles af den tværvidenskabelige forskergruppe ProGram. Denne første artikel forklarer hvorfor en teori om grammatik er vigtig i den audiologopædiske praksis. Vi vil præsentere traditionelle bud...

  10. Validitet af kodning og indberetning ved vaginal prolapskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    of 296 patient files. RESULTS: The concordance between two GS-data sets was 96.4%, and 0-100% between different LPR-data sets. The validity of reporting of data from GS to LPR was 96.2% on the level of patient ID (cpr), and 99.3% concerning length of hospital stay. If a procedure was registered as a...... cpr-level. However, the validity of such register data is affected by the risk of errors when drawing such data, and by coding errors. The main problems are lack of consensus on which codes to use, and that codes for very different procedures are very much alike. To improve the quality and usefulness...

  11. Syfilis påvist ved screening i graviditeten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    Because of an increasing incidence of syphilis in Denmark, antenatal screening was re-introduced in 2010. We present two cases of latent syphilis diagnosed by antenatal screening alone. Neither of the two women recalled any previous symptoms of the disease. After treatment, both women gave birth to...

  12. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  13. Dosisdispensering som årsag til fejlmedicinering ved sektorovergang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lysen, Charlotte; Hendriksen, Carsten; Faxholm, Mette Straarup;

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) was introduced in Denmark in 2001 in order to minimize medication errors. In May 2010 44.500 Danish citizens received MDDD. We report two cases where MDDD in the primary sector led to medication errors after hospitalisation, the reason partly being difficulties i...

  14. Hvad gør konkurrencestaten ved dannelse og uddannelse?

    OpenAIRE

    Dieckmann, Bente Elisabeth; Kinnerup, Mette Kit; Rudiengaard, Camille Sara

    2015-01-01

    How can a donation of a billion danish kroner from a foundation of a private capital company to a public institution in a democratic state be legitimised? Which implications can be seen in the pedagogy, the education, the social and cultural education and democracy in correlation with the concepts of equality, liberty and solidarity. And do the public authorities or the people in charge have any critical view on financial “presents”/donations like the one the A.P. Moeller foundation donated t...

  15. Dimensjonar ved ei elv: Bagmati River, Kathmandu, Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Eidsvik, Erlend

    2002-01-01

    Objectives: Problemstillinga kjem til uttrykk gjennom tre spørsmål med underspørsmål: 1. Har elvas fysiske degradering ført til endringar i korleis folk oppfattar og konseptualiserer elva? - Kan det observerast endringar i korleis folk tilskriv elva meining? 2. Kan ein sjå ulikskap i tilskriven meining til Bagmati etter alder? Har yngre menneske ei anna oppfatning av elva enn eldre menneske? 3. Om persepsjonen har blitt endra, har fysiske endringar i Bagmati endra folk...

  16. Transabdominal chorion villus biopsi ved abnormt ultralydfund i 2. trimester

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertz, Jens Michael; Jensen, P K; Henriques, U;

    1990-01-01

    . Three patients with abnormal ultrasonic findings in the second trimester were, therefore, submitted to transabdominal chorion villus biopsy and, in all three cases, a karyotype was available within 48 hours. Chorion villus biopsy in the second (and third) trimester is indicated in pregnancies in which...

  17. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J;

    1996-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is associated with multiple endocrine abnormalities. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and monoamines are involved in the regulation of human appetite, and they are changed in several ways in anorexia nervosa. But it remains to be clarified whether these alterations are secondary...... or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  18. Prognostiske markører for vaegttab ved adipositasbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Buemann, B; Gluud, C N;

    1996-01-01

    The aim of the study was to identify prognostic metabolic markers for long-term weight loss outcome in obese women. Forty female obese patients underwent a dietary intervention of 36 weeks treatment with a 4.2 MJ/d low-fat high carbohydrate diet and were followed-up two and a half years after...

  19. Erythropoietin--en ny terapi ved cerebral iskaemi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalialis, Louise Vennegaard; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    2003-01-01

    Erythropoietin (EPO) is a cytokine which is commonly associated with its central role in erythropoiesis. The clinical applications of the recombinant hormone are currently restricted to the treatment of anemia in renal failure and cancer. Recent studies, however, have suggested a new role for EPO...... as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug. EPO and its receptor are expressed in neurons, glial cells and brain capillary endothelial cells, and the system is upregulated in conditions of cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia. Animal studies have now established that intracerebroventricular administration...... of recombinant EPO exerts neuroprotection in models of stroke. The mechanisms appear to involve an upregulation of specific anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory pathways. In addition, neurotrophic and angiogenetic effects of EPO may contribute in a long latency protection. Interestingly, also systemic...

  20. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Louise; Sørensen, Jan; Østergaard, Mikkel;

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed...

  1. Overvej cannabinoid hyperemesis-syndrom ved recidiverende opkastninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterised by unrelenting nausea, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and compulsive, hot bathing behaviour. The symptoms contrast the traditional effects associated with cannabis use. We report a "textbook example" of a 26-year-old man with CHS. CHS...... is an important differential diagnosis to consider in patients with similar symptoms and the distinctive symptom relief in hot water. Early recognition may prevent extensive, unnecessary medical examinations and frequent hospital admissions....

  2. Fornyelse ved måling i offentlig virksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Nørgaard

    Den offentlige virksomhed ses i et brugerperspektiv på linje med private virksomheders kundeperspektiv. Når politikerne har fastlagt opgave, målgruppe og ressourcer for en offentlig virksomhed, bestræber virksomheden sig på indenfor denne ramme at løse opgaven til størst mulig tilfredshed for...... eksemplerne på et grundlag for statusbeskrivelse af offentlige virksomheder behandles blandt andet modellen for Den Danske Kvalitets Pris....

  3. Selvevaluering af elektro-civilingeniøruddannelsen ved DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Erik; Galster, Georg; Hansen, Ole;

    1997-01-01

    This report describes a self-evaluation of the electrical and electronics engineering M.Sc. education at DTU.......This report describes a self-evaluation of the electrical and electronics engineering M.Sc. education at DTU....

  4. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    cardiac drugs are responsible for erectile dysfunction (ED). Lastly it should be remembered that treatment of ED may be associated with cardiovascular side-effects. Data from the literature show that men with coronary artery disease, hypertension or diabetes have an up to fourfold higher risk......Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...

  5. Seksuel aktivitet ved iskaemisk hjertesygdom. Risiko og behandlingsmuligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Agner, E; Saunamäki, K;

    2001-01-01

    A major concern of patients with ischaemic heart disease is whether sexual activity is safe. In addition, patients are often reluctant to discuss sexual problems, including erectile dysfunction. Fear of sexual failure or fear of an acute ischaemic cardiac event as a result of sexual activity may...... or arrhythmias may without concerns take part in an active sexual life. Comprehensive information and appropriate use of pharmacologic agents for erectile dysfunction can add significantly to quality of life. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  6. Kulturel marginaliserng - social deltagelse, eksemplificeret ved mennesker med en sindslidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Gundi Schrötter

    2002-01-01

    the possibilities for different communities' possibilities of changing the marginalization process and thereby insure a more socially equal participation. In the thesis the perspective of marginalization is viewed as culturally determined as opposed to being determined by a construction of opinion. The formation...... dimension, to search for possible insigths, which can be generalized and function as inspiration for the social offers. The thesis attempts to show the marginalized group's own understanding of how to achieve a larger social participation. The result of the analysis points to the fact, that at least five......The thesis takes its starting point in the Danish integration initiatives in the psychiatric field. It questions, why we still live in a society, in which mental disorders are viewed as a marginal category, in spite of the many good intensions concerning de...

  7. Omkostningseffektivitet ved behandling af type 1-diabetes med insulinpumpe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten; Sohlberg, Anna; Goodall, Gordan

    2010-01-01

    This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark....

  8. Pasientens medvirkning i postoperativ smertebehandling ved hofte- og kneprotesekirurgi

    OpenAIRE

    Sjøveian, Aud Karin Hjelpdahl; Leegaard, Marit

    2015-01-01

    Patient involvement in postoperative pain management after hip and knee replacement surgery Background: Hip and knee replacement using fast-track surgery is implemented by several Norwegian hospitals. This includes specific preoperative information, multimodal analgesia, minimal use of invasive techniques, rapid mobilisation and shorter length of hospital stay. Accelerated patient care requires close interdisciplinary cooperation and participation fr...

  9. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth;

    2011-01-01

    present case, ultrasound scanning at 13 weeks of gestation showed a NT of 3.2 mm and no other pathological findings. At 20 weeks a severe skeletal dysplasia was diagnosed by ultrasound. The pathology report of the aborted foetus indicated OI, and DNA analysis confirmed a COL1A1 mutation....

  10. Tekniske og økonomiske analyser ved utbygging av fjernvarmesystem

    OpenAIRE

    Gaustad, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    Det er i dag sterkt fokus på å bekjempe klimaendringer og for å nå internasjonale utslippsavtaler. I Norge har det nå kommet nye Tekniske Byggeforskrifter, TEK 07, som tar sikte på å redusere energibruken i bygninger med totalt 25 %, og at 40 % av oppvarmingsbehovet skal dekkes av alternative energikilder. Dette gjør bruk av fjernvarme til oppvarmingsformål stadig mer aktuelt, men betyr at fjernvarmeselskapene i teorien vil få solgt mindre mengde energi over året til hver abonnent. Denne oppg...

  11. Militær profesjonsidentitet ved norske befalsskoler

    OpenAIRE

    Treni, Karina Wolff; Munch, Marie

    2012-01-01

    In the Norwegian Military Doctrine the need for a joint professional identity is emphasized. This longitudinal study examines military professional identity among a sample of 234 students at Norwegian Officer Candidate Schools. The students at the Candidate Schools belong to one of three different branches, fulfilling different functions, an operative branch, a technical branch or a logistic branch. The aim of this study is to investigate whether differences in professional military identity ...

  12. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...

  13. Inflammasjonsmarkørers betydning ved mild kognitiv svikt

    OpenAIRE

    Engebretsen, Siri Kristin

    2015-01-01

    The possibility of preventing Alzheimer s disease (AD) and dementia is of great individual and sosio-economic interest. Increasing prevalence of dementia raises the demand for preventive measures and knowledge of pathomechanisms leading to this progressive disease. Although β- amyloid and tau pathology are considered the primary substrates of AD, research indicates that other mechanisms are involved. There are strong indications of inflammation being a factor of importance. Activated microgli...

  14. Ingen registrering af komplikationer til implantater ved gynaekologiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Helle Christina; Lose, Gunnar; Sander, Pia;

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, many new surgical implants (biological and synthetic) for female urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery have been launched in Denmark. In the literature, complications have been reported in up to 40% of cases depending on the type of operation, 2-5% as serious...

  15. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme I. Baggrund og praeklinisk validering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg; Stentoft, Jesper;

    2009-01-01

    In haematological malignancies, molecular markers like fusion DNA from balanced translocations, point mutations, or over-expressed genes can now be used not only for diagnosis, but also for determination of the minimal residual disease (MRD) after cytoreduction with a sensitivity by far exceeding...

  16. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  17. Tumorcelledissociering som prognostisk markør ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov, Louise; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon;

    2009-01-01

    on a literature survey, molecular mechanisms that may contribute to budding are reviewed, as is the mode by which this process is registered and its putative clinical significance. Despite diverse modes of budding registration, its significance as a prognostic marker has consistently been substantiated...

  18. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in radiation reactions; Hyperbar oksygenbehandling ved straalereaksjoner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aanderud, Leif; Thorsen, Einar; Bratteboe, Guttorm; Forland, Martha; Kristensen, Gunnar

    2000-07-01

    Background: A national hyperbaric centre was established in 1994 at Haukeland Hospital with responsibility of all hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in Norway. In hypoxic tissues with symptomatic radiation reactions, hyperbaric oxygen induces the formation of collagen and angiogenesis resulting in permanently improved local microcirculation. Material and method: 234 patients received elective HBO treatment at Haukeland Hospital in 12997 with total of 4048 treatments. All 47 patients treated for radiation reactions in the pelvic area in 1997 received a questionnaire 3-15 months after HBO therapy, 81% reported. Results: Rectal bleeding and haematuria were reported as much improved in 61% and 55% respectively, while bladder incontinence was much improved in 46%. Interpretation: this treatment modality may be an alternative in symptomatic radiation reactions at the urinary bladder and the bowel when conventional treatment has given unsatisfactory results.

  19. Kirurgisk behandling af anale fistler ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heyckendorff-Diebold, Tina; Maeda, Yasuko; Buntzen, Steen;

    2012-01-01

    The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas in Crohn's disease is a balance between the elimination of the sepsis and the functional outcome. Loose setons can be used as a preoperative drainage or chronic treatment. Fibrin glue and the anal fistula plug are methods with excellent functional o...

  20. Bestemmelse af døgnblodtryksvariationer ved cirrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S; Wiinberg, N; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1996-01-01

    Cirrhotic patients have disturbed systemic haemodynamics with reduced arterial blood pressure, but this has not been investigated during daily activity and sleep. Systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and man arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were measured by an automatic ambulatory...... almost similar in the two groups (108 vs 110; 65 vs 67; 78 vs 82 mmHg, NS). Conversely, HR was significantly higher in the patients both in the day-time (86 vs 72 min-1, p reduction in blood pressure and HR from day-time to night...

  1. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, L.; Sørensen, J.; Østergaard, Morten;

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  2. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...

  3. Værdien af arbejdstest ved akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Madsen, J K

    2001-01-01

    . An invasive strategy is warranted in patients who continue to have angina and exhibit significant ST-segment depression in the exercise-ecg or reversible defects on perfusion scintigraphy. Based on the results of a recent, large scale randomized study, patients with unstable angina or acute non......-Q-wave infarction appear to benefit from an early invasive treatment strategy--regardless of the results of a preceding exercise test. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  4. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    . Især hvad angår vores forbrugsmønstre. Her er der behov for at kongeriget Danmark med sine 13 ton CO2-emission pr. person om året lytter. I landet hvor kraftvarmeproduktion, vindturbiner og industrial ecology i form af Kalundborg eksperimentet blev født, bør vi ikke også ride på denne nye miljøbølge......? Den amerikanske videnskabsmand Jeremy Rifkin beskriver i sin seneste bog, The European Dream, hvordan europæisk energipolitik, -forskning, -udvikling og relateret industri kan hjælpe os til at bremse vores for øjeblikket eksponentielt stigende CO2-produktion - og hvordan vores globaliseringstankegang...... rent faktisk kan fremme denne indsats. Den eneste udfordring er, at nogen skal igangsætte en økonomisk/industriel revolution, for at drømmen gå i opfyldelse. Hvem skal tage ansvar for at sætte denne revolution i gang, og hvordan skal den opnås? Jeg finder det inspirerende, når jeg læser om Rifkin...

  5. Neisseria meningitidis. Lipopolysakkariders patofysiologiske rolle ved meningokoksygdom og septisk shock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mie Østergaard; Pedersen, Dan Sonne; Pedersen, Michael;

    2008-01-01

    A major pro-inflammatory and toxic component of N. meningitidis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS contributes to severe symptoms of meningococcal disease, septic shock and severe coagulopathy, in part by increasing pro-inflammatory mechanisms and reactive oxygen species. Recent technologies have...

  6. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    , lower middle-class Mette and working class Nanna. The discussion puts into perspective which experiences are perceived as class-specific and which are likely to be anchored in an image of youth more characteristic of the period in relation to the first survey in 1987. Key words: Student nurses, care......The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides...... data about students' life histories. Additionally, nine selected students were interviewed to provide deeper insight into gender-related work-, domination- and relationship conditions within their families. A similar study of student nurses was carried out in 1987. In the constructed material from 2002...

  7. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anaestesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    of cricoid pressure is discussed. The findings suggest that it may have harmful effects in connection with intubation, laryngeal mask placement and ventilation. In conclusion, it is suggested that cricoid pressure is released in the case of intubation difficulties. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jun-11......Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  8. Ved smerter i underlivet er deskvamativ inflammatoriskvaginitis en vigtig differentialdiagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Eva; Baumgartner-Nielsen, Jane; Meinert, Mette

    2015-01-01

    Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis (DIV) is an uncommon, severe form of chronic vaginitis of unknown aetiology. The syndrome is characterised by profuse vaginal discharge, vulvovaginal irritation, dyspareunia and vaginal erythema. As the symptoms and signs are nonspecific, other causes of purulent...... discharge have to be excluded first. Definition necessitates specific wet smear findings. The purpose of this case report is to consider DIV as a diagnosis in women presenting with persistent vaginitis. An effective treatment using clindamycin and/or glucocorticoids is available....

  9. Infektionsfare ved indtagelse af ubehandlet rå fisk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchmann, Kurt

    2007-01-01

    Der gives en gennemgang af nogle de typer parasitter, som kan forefindes i fiskekød. Desuden fortællles om hvorledes de pågældende orme kan inficere mennesker, hvis kødet indtages råt. Forebyggende tiltag beskrives. Udgivelsesdato: 20. april......Der gives en gennemgang af nogle de typer parasitter, som kan forefindes i fiskekød. Desuden fortællles om hvorledes de pågældende orme kan inficere mennesker, hvis kødet indtages råt. Forebyggende tiltag beskrives. Udgivelsesdato: 20. april...

  10. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved depression - betydning for behandling og prognose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnkilde, Barbara; Bruun, Louise Meldgaard; Videbech, Poul

    2007-01-01

    Depression is often accompanied by cognitive disturbances, and by focusing on these deficits practitioners can obtain important information about the status of the disease and the prognosis of the patient. From this perspective, patients may also gain useful insight into their own condition...

  11. Svær hyponatriæmi ved terlipressinbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Anja; Krag, Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    to terlipressin treatment. A 60-year-old woman with bleeding oesophageal varices was treated with terlipressin 2 mg every fourth hour. After 24 hours of treatment she was somnolent, and the sodium concentration had dropped from 127 mmol/l to 107 mmol/l. Hyponatraemia is an important adverse event in terlipressin...

  12. Energi- og miljøvurdering ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holleris Petersen, E.

    En afprøvning af pc-værktøjet BEAT 2000's viser, at BEAT 2000 er et velegnet værktøj, der umiddelbart kan anvendes til energi- og miljøvurdering af renoveringssager. BEAT 2000 er afprøvet dels på renovering med energibesparende foranstaltninger i form af solfangere, solvægge og ventilationsanlæg ...

  13. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme II. Translation og terapeutiske konsekvenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Ommen, Hans Beier; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg;

    2009-01-01

    in following patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. Moreover, the methodology is being integrated in an increasing number of clinical trials, where it is expected to result in more rational and individualized clinical decision-making. A special point...

  14. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H;

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...... subcutaneous doses. The frequency of hypoglycemia was similar during intranasal and subcutaneous insulin therapy, and nasal mucosal physiology was unaffected after intranasal insulin. We conclude that due to low bioavailability and to a high rate of therapeutic failure, intranasal insulin treatment...

  15. Marin recipientundersøgelse ved Thule Air Base 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.; Mayer, P.;

    I 2002 gennemførte Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser en recipientundersøgelse ud for Thule Air Base (TAB) for at vurdere, om aktiviteterne og specielt de efterladte dumpe på TAB har belastet det marine miljø med forurenende stoffer. Undersøgelsen viser, at der findes flere forurenings-kilder som f. eks...... findes i Wolstenholme Fjord og Bylot Sund området og regionen som helhed. Det væsentligste forureningsproblem i forbindelse med akti-viteterne på Thule Air Base synes at være PCBerne, idet denne kontaminantgruppe viser forhøjede koncentrationer på 2-30 gange både lokalt og regionalt. PCB...

  16. Kaffe kan være gavnlig ved leversygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Maria; Thiele, Maja; Krag, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    . Coffee has been associated with decreased liver inflammation, prevention of cirrhosis, reduced steatosis and lower incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not yet possible to make clear recommendations, but coffee can likely be included as part of a healthy diet for patients with liver diseases....

  17. Der er forandringer i hjernens ledningsbaner ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebdrup, Bjørn H; Skovgaard, Nana; Raghava, Jayachandra M;

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a brain disorder characterized by fundamental changes in thinking and beliefs. Alterations in white matter integrity may underlie the characteristic psychotic symptoms. This review focuses on diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia patients. Overall, schizophrenia appears...

  18. Laparoskopisk eller åben subtotal kolektomi ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Lars Joachim; Rosenberg, Jacob; Achiam, Michael Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Studies have shown that laparoscopic colectomy (LC) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is just as safe as open colectomy. Some of the short-term advantages of laparoscopy are faster recovery, less pain, shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The long-term advantages include superior cos...... cosmetic result, reduced intra abdominal adhesion formation, less frequent hospitalization due to small bowel obstruction and fewer incisional hernias. Cost-benefit analyses also favour laparoscopic surgery for IBD.......Studies have shown that laparoscopic colectomy (LC) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is just as safe as open colectomy. Some of the short-term advantages of laparoscopy are faster recovery, less pain, shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The long-term advantages include superior...

  19. Apoptose ved kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom. Betydning for patogenese og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seidelin, Jakob Benedict; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2003-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by the increased survival of lamina propria leucocytes and ulcerations and an increased epithelial leakiness that compromise the barrier function of the epithelial lining. Deregulated apoptosis seems to be a major cause of the impaired barrier...... function and of leucocyte survival. This review focuses on the regulation of epithelial and leucocyte apoptosis in the IBD colon. Furthermore, the implications for present and future therapeutic strategies are discussed....

  20. Erfaringer med substitution af PVC ved renere teknologi og brancheaftaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    Rapporten gennemgår den danske debat om PVC og de miljøpolitiske tiltag, der har været gennemført. Et survey i danske plastvirksomheder gennemført i projektet viser, at industrien er forberedt på at gennemføre en omfattende substitution af PVC, hvis der stilles politisk krav om det eller markedet...... efterspørger det. Til gengæld viser brancheaftalerne sig at være et svagt instrument og der peges på et behov for en opfølgning af de gode resultater, der er opnået med substitution af PVC i en række renere teknologi projekter, som har fået statslig støtte....

  1. Sammenligning af QuantiFERON og hudtest ved mulig tuberkuloseinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Micha; Krause, Tyra Grove; Moryl, Dorte;

    2009-01-01

    results were found in 8/419 (1.9%) students and 3/71 (4.2%) staff members. Agreement between the TST and the QFT was moderate 97% (Kappa 0.407; confidence interval (CI) 0.124-0.689) among students and poor among staff 68% (Kappa 0.036; CI -0.102-0.175). The majority of the TST-positive and all the QFT...... applied and 490 a QFT test done. RESULTS: Of the skin test applied 689 (94%) were read, and 41 (5.9%) were positive. TSTs were positive in 17/603 (2.8%) students and 24/87 (28%) staff members. A total of 490 (62%) had a QFT performed; 11 (2.2%) were positive and four (0,8%) inconclusive. QFT positive...... positive students were found in relation to the index case. Positive TST results and BCG vaccination (p

  2. Laktatacidose ved behandling af type 2-diabetes med metformin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Helle; Eldrup, Ebbe; Guldstad, Nana Harriet;

    2012-01-01

    Metformin (MET) is the first-line agent in treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, MET has been associated with lactic acidosis (MALA), a potential but rare complication which has influenced treatment strategies in decades. Recently, guidelines have been changed in regards of age and heart failure...

  3. Psykoterapi ved behandling av bipolare lidelser hos voksne : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Background: The effect of psychopharmacology on clinical features of ongoing bipolar disorder episodes and the course of illness are good, but sometimes not sufficient for achieving remission. During the last decade manualized adjunctive psychosocial interventions have been developed. This review focuses on randomized controlled trials studying the effect of psychotherapy adjunctive to pharmacotherapy on recovery from depressive or manic phases, relapse prevention and functional improvement. ...

  4. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben;

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  5. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P;

    1992-01-01

    render possible investigation of unconscious or anaesthetized patients in scanners with magnetic fields of over 1.5 Tesla. The medical technical difficulties involved are mentioned and the solutions which are employed in the Danish scientific Centre for Magnetic Resonance in Hvidovre Hospital...

  6. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis wher...... the use of confocal microscopy and PCR based DNA analysis of epithelial scrapings played a pivotal role. An early diagnose is crucial for achieving a successful outcome....

  7. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...

  8. Bedre prognose af cystinose ved behandling med cysteamin og nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oczachowska-Kulik, Anne; Lund, A M; Skovby, F;

    2011-01-01

    Cystinosis is a rare, autosomal recessive disease with cystine deposits in different tissues. First signs come from kidneys and eyes, but during progression of the disease other organs can also be affected. Previously, patients with cystinosis had a very poor prognosis, but it is now considerably...... improved due to new methods of treatment. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief review of the disease and discuss the significant improvement of the prognosis, which has been achieved by specific medical treatment with cystine-depleting agents, and, if needed, by kidney transplantation....

  9. Gode udemiljøer ved nordiske skoler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytte, Benny

    leg i frikvartererne og til undervisning i en lang række fag. Arealerne får i flere tilfælde et stort naturindhold som fx naturlegepladser, bålplads og udeværksteder, der ud over faglige aktiviteter stimulerer børnene til fysisk aktivitet i det fri. Sverige, Norge, Finland og Danmark bidrager i bogen...

  10. Diagnostisk strategi ved tilfældigt fund af FDG-optagelse i glandula thyroidea ved PET-CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Maria Holst; Nygaard, Birte; Søndergaard, Susanne Bonnichsen;

    2011-01-01

    Incidental findings of focal fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in the thyroid occurs more frequently with increased use of positron emission tomography (PET) with a frequency of 1-4% and a risk of cancer in the thyroid of > 30%. This article reviews the existing literature and recommends a diagnostic...... strategy to identify patients with high risk of thyroid malignancy. The diagnostic process should include measurement of thyroid function, thyroid scintigraphy and in patients with cold nodules detected by scintigraphy additional ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy....

  11. Er fysiske personers momspligt ved lejlighedsvis levering af tjenesteydelser udvidet ved en ny EU-afgørelse?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Jette

    2013-01-01

    økonomisk virksomhed end den, personen er momsregistreret for. Således har EU-Domstolen i sag C-62/12 truffet en afgørelse vedrørende spørgsmålet: »Skal en person, der er momspligtig i forbindelse med sit liberale erhverv, kun svare moms af de transaktioner, der er genstand for dennes sædvanlige økonomiske...... virksomhed, eller skal personen svare moms af alle andre øko-nomiske transaktioner, som denne person modtager en modydelse for, uan-set om den sidstnævnte virksomhed kun udøves lejlighedsvis«. Domstolen afgør, at en fysisk person, der allerede er momspligtig af sin virksomhed, skal anses for afgiftspligtig...

  12. Professionernes etiske kerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dige, Morten

    2014-01-01

    grundværdier. Hvad der kvalificerer som etiske grundværdier søges belyst ud fra en aristotelisk etikforståelse. På baggrund heraf gøres der rede for, hvorfor de "tre au'er": autorisation, autonomi og autenti¬citet ifølge den etiske læsning er fundamentale forudsætninger for etisk forsvarlig professions......Med udgangspunkt i en case fra socialt arbejde præsenterer artiklen en "etisk læsning" af professioner og professionsudøvelse. Det gøres gældende, at visse fag og ydelser, først og fremmest de klassiske hjælpeprofessioner, er etiske i deres kerne ved at have som formål at værne om og fremme etiske......¬udøvelse og hvordan disse forudsætninger kommer under pres fra en form for målrationel organisationstænkning kendt som New Public Management. Om den aktuelle "etikbølge" inden for hjælpeprofessionerne er en del af problemet eller en del af løsningen afhænger i høj grad af, hvilke begreber om profession og...

  13. De danske fanger i Sachsenhausen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Astrid Marie Møller

    2009-01-01

    Specialet behandler systematisk tidligere danske kz- fangers interaktion med andre fangenationaliteter belyst ud fra erindringer og kendt forskning om KZlejren Sachsenhausen.......Specialet behandler systematisk tidligere danske kz- fangers interaktion med andre fangenationaliteter belyst ud fra erindringer og kendt forskning om KZlejren Sachsenhausen....

  14. Menstruationsforstyrrelser ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus--epidemiologi og årsager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hangaard, J; Pedersen, K K;

    1994-01-01

    About 20% of all women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) have menstrual irregularities. Eight percent have amenorrhea. Fluctuations in blood glucose and insulin concentration are probably contributing factors, but the irregular menstrual cycles are mainly caused by disorders...

  15. Metodologiske udfordringer ved målinger af funktionsevne i gerontologisk forskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avlund, K

    1997-01-01

    This article addresses the advantages and disadvantages of different methods in measuring functional ability with its main focus on frame of reference, operationalization, practical procedure, validity, discriminatory power, and responsiveness. When measuring functional ability it is recommended: 1......) Always to consider the theoretical frame of reference as part of the validation process. 2) Always to assess the content validity of items before they are combined into an index and before performing tests for construct validity. 3) Not to combine mobility, PADL and IADL in the same index/scale. 4) Not...

  16. Risiko for affektion af centralnervesystemet ved brug af mobiltelefon--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schüz, Joachim; Waldemar, Gunhild; Olsen, Jørgen H;

    2009-01-01

    migraine and vertigo and 30-40% less hospital contacts than expected for dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular and other dementia), Parkinson's disease and epilepsy among men. No associations were seen for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis or epilepsy in women. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-2...

  17. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel-cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  18. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Farah, Abdulkadir Osman; Farah Aden, Mahad;

    2013-01-01

    Sikkerhedsrådet våbenembargoen mod Somalia. Danmark er blandt de førende lande i genopbygning af Somalia, især i forhold til humanitær bistand og bekæmpelsen af pirateri på Afrikas Horn. Der er ca. 2 millioner somaliere i andre lande, og den største bistand modtager Somalia fra sin diaspora, som overfører ca. 2...

  19. Sammenhaenge mellem patientens genotype og sygdommens forløb ved arvelige kraeftsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Marie Luise

    2006-01-01

    The majority of hereditary cancers demonstrate extended variation of phenotype, not only between families, but also within a particular family, who supposedly have inherited the same pathogenic mutation. The present paper reviews genotype-phenotype correlations with examples mainly from the two...... largest hereditary cancer groups, namely hereditary colorectal cancer and hereditary breast (and ovarian) cancer. It is concluded that knowledge about genotype-phenotype correlations is essential in the cancer genetic clinic; otherwise, the patient tends to base decisions on personal experience......, not realising that the course of disease might be different in other family members. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-Jun-12...

  20. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...... ulcer at the site of his childhood BCG vaccination. At the time of examination, a 3 x 1.5 cm fleshy and secreting ulcer was found on the shoulder. Biopsy revealed SCC, and the tumour was surgically removed. In conclusion, chronic ulcers, especially those originating in chronically inflamed skin, should...

  1. Dilemmaer ved at gennemføre forskning i egen organisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Linda

    2007-01-01

    This article reflects the researcher's dilemmas when doing research within ones own organization. The findings are based on the author's experience of being both researcher and an education coordinator at a Danish psychiatric hospital. Empirical examples from a research project on student nurses'...... roles; her function could be compared to that of graphic equalizer in a radio. Depending on the context the researcher finds herself in, her role changes from on moment to the next, similar the scales of the equalizer....

  2. Trombolyse ved apopleksi. Hvor stor er målgruppen, og hvor mange profiterer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammersgaard, Lars Peter; Rasmussen, Berit H; Germer, Ulla;

    2002-01-01

    clinical trials have cast doubt on the benefit of the treatment and it has not yet been approved in Denmark and other countries. We sought to investigate the possible impact of thrombolysis in an unselected Danish stroke population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study examined 502 unselected...

  3. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete;

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form...... of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine...

  4. Mongstad, Åsgard og Snøhvit : Politisk oppmerksomhet ved budsjettoverskridelser i Statoil

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    I 1987 gikk Arve Johnsen fra stillingen som konsernsjef i Statoil etter overskridelsene på Mongstad. Styret gikk også. Utvidelsen av raffineriet på Mongstad ble 8.3 milliarder (2006-kroner), eller 95 prosent, dyrere enn anslått. I 1999 ble styret i Statoil avsatt etter overskridelsene på Åsgard og konsernsjef Harald Norvik frasa seg stillingen. Åsgard-prosjektet ble 21.3 milliarder og 33 prosent dyrere enn budsjettert. Så langt (mars 2008) er Snøhvit 19.3 milliarder dyrere enn anslått. Det ti...

  5. En studie av organisatoriske og ledelsesmessige utfordringer ved implementering av IO i Statoil

    OpenAIRE

    Gravdal, Lena

    2012-01-01

    Flere forskere understreker at for alle virksomheter, utgjør endringsledelse en avgjørende kompetanse. Stadig flere organisasjoner beveger seg fra sekvensielle arbeidsmetoder mot mer parallelle og integrerte måter å jobbe på. En innføring av IO i oljeindustrien er en del av denne endringsprosessen (OLF, 2007). Statoil ønsker å bli verdensledende innenfor IO. Siden 2005 har Statoil utført en rekke steg for å muliggjøre integrerte operasjoner. Dette inkluderer blant annet innføringen av Fell...

  6. Prediksjonsmodeller for bonitet ved hjelp av flybåren laserskanning og digitale kartdata

    OpenAIRE

    Dufseth, Ole Erik

    2012-01-01

    I frykt for knapphet på de norske skogressursene ble det på starten av 1900-tallet et større fokus på en bærekraftig skogforvaltning med skogbruksplanlegging som verktøy. Etter bestandsskogbrukets inntog på 1950-tallet ble det enklere å bedrive rasjonell skogbruksplanlegging. Flere variable er viktige når skogressursen skal beskrives. Bonitet er en av dem. Bonitet er en indeks som beskriver voksestedets evne til å produsere trevirke. Siden det er mange enkeltfaktorer som påvirker produksjonse...

  7. Tenkning i sykepleie om eksklusjon av foreldre ved barns innleggelse i sykehus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildegunn Sundal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyses of textbooks in nursing, of photographs and numerous other documents suggest that parents had limited access to participate in the care for their hospitalized children in Norway in the period 1877-1940. The analyses are conducted in the tradition of the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s writings on discipline. In accordance with Foucault’s understanding, it seems logical that ideas about parenting exclusion had impact even within the hospital health care system in the current era, provided the general separation of parents and children in the modern industrial society at large. In this perspective, exclusion of parents in the hospital health care system may be considered a consequence of employers’ interests with regard to productivity, the lack of welfare services for parents, and the fear of parents transmitting infections from the hospitals.

  8. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af ud...

  9. Tidlige brukere av alkohol – hvem er de? Kjennetegn ved ungdom som starter tidlig med alkohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Grimsmo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDebutalder med alkoholrus er en sterk prediktor for senere alkoholbruk. I denne undersøkelsen har visammenliknet de som starter med alkohol tidlig og før det er kulturelt akseptert, med ungdommenesom begynner i konfirmasjonsalder og de som utsetter alkoholdebuten. Vi finner at gruppen sombegynner tidlig ikke bare bryter de lokale tradisjonene for alkoholkonsum, men er i opposisjon tilnormer og autoriteter generelt. Alkohol er et positivt symbol for gruppen og det å ruse seg et ritualesom gir mening i deres miljø. Hjemmet står i den sterkeste posisjonen til å kunne utsette ungdommensalkoholdebut. Vi skisserer hvilke implikasjoner dette bør ha for strategien i det forebyggende arbeidet.

  10. Transient response of a vertical electric dipole (VED) on a two-layer medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poh, S. Y.; Kong, J. A.

    The transient electromagnetic radiation by a vertical electric dipole on a two-layer medium is analyzed using the double deformation technique, which is a modal technique based on identification of singularities in the complex frequency and wavenumber planes. Previous application of the double deformation technique to the solution of this problem is incomplete in the early time response. In this paper it is shown that the existence of a pole locus on the negative imaginary frequency axis, which dominates the early time response, proves crucial in obtaining the solution for all times. A variety of combinations of parameters are used to illustrate the double deformation technique, and results will be compared with those obtained via explicit inversion, and a single deformation method.

  11. 我们都爱VED 2014 BMV Vision EfficientDynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    关于BMW Vision EfficientDynamics(简称VED),我们做过很多次报道,在2009年法兰克福车展展出之后,这款车俨然成为了BMW创新精神的象征,近年来BMW被爱好者批评过于向市场妥协,

  12. A Comparison of Community College Responders and Nonresponders to the VEDS Student Follow-Up Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    1991-01-01

    A survey of respondents and nonrespondents to the Vocational Education Data System's follow-up survey of Massachusetts community college graduates was designed to measure response bias. The survey investigated employment patterns, wages, and degree of job relatedness. Results suggest original data was biased, if at all, toward underestimation, not…

  13. A ved mog bõ i shashkoi rubanut / Aleksandr Tshaplõgin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tšaplõgin, Aleksandr, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Kaitseväe juhataja kindralmajor Ants Laaneots esines Eesti Reservohvitseride Kogu 10. aastapäevale pühendatud sümpoosionil ning rääkis Venemaalt ja eestivenelastest lähtuvast ohust Eesti julgeolekule, samuti pidas aprillirahutuste organiseerijaks Venemaad. Riigikogu liikmete arvamusi

  14. Results of the VEDS Employer Follow-Up Survey for Massachusetts Community Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carifio, James; And Others

    A year after graduation, a survey was attempted by the Massachusetts Board of Regents of all 1981-82 career graduates of public community colleges in the state (N=5,267). Of the 1,881 responding graduates, 847 reported that they were employed full-time, and 737 of the working graduates gave the board permission to contact their employers for an…

  15. Primært gastrointestinale symptomer ved malaria hos flygtningebørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    St-Martin, Gry; Thusgaard, Mikkel; Simonsen, Hanne Marie;

    2009-01-01

    We present three cases of malaria in refugee children newly arrived from Sub-saharan Africa. Only one of the three children had fever and all had high parasite loads (2,5-14% parasitemia). Malaria is an important differential diagnosis in refugees from endemic areas, regardless of whether...... they present with fever. Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  16. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... virussygdom hos opdrættede regnbueørreder. Sygdommen er anmeldepligtig. Der har tidligere være lavet forsøg på fremavle fisk, der er resistente overfor VHS eller andre infektioner. Dette kan godt lade sig gøre, men er mere tidskrævende end vaccineudvikling. Dertil kommer at man kan risikere at øget resistens...... mod fx VHS medfører øget modtagelighed overfor andre infektioner. En bedre strategi vil derfor være at identificere genetiske markører for sygdomsresistens....

  17. Vandstande og saltholdighed i Limfjorden ved lukket Thyborøn Kanal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen Harck; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    På Aalborg Universitet er der netop afsluttet nogle omfattende edb-beregninger med vandstandsforhold og saltholdighed i Limfjorden. Disse beregninger dokumenterer, at en lukning af Thyborøn Kanal med en dæmning indeholdende en gennemstrømningssluse, vil være i stand til at reducere de nuværende o...

  18. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bille, Anders Bastholm; Holm-Knudsen, Rolf; Lefort, Michelle;

    2012-01-01

    Despite ongoing technological advances, direct laryngoscopy still remains the golden standard for endotracheal intubation in children and infants. However, in some infants it is almost impossible to obtain a view of glottis and the vocal cords. In this paper we present an overview of the recent a...

  19. Bilateral binyreblødning ved sepsis er ikke ensbetydende med totalt binyresvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Nielsen, Mette Lundgren; Smith-Sivertsen, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Bilateral adrenal haemorrhage can occur in the setting of severe clinical sepsis. The clinical presentation may be non-specific, and the degree to which adrenal haemorrhage causes adrenal insufficiency remains unclear. We describe a case of an 18-year-old male presenting with meningococcaemia...

  20. Tidlig identifikation og behandling af kredsløbssvigt ved svær sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Nicolai; White, Jonathan; Perner, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Severe sepsis is a leading cause of death characterised by infection-induced endothelial and cardiac dysfunction leading to hypovolaemia, maldistribution of flow, tissue ischaemia and organ failure. A clinical approach with focus on cardiovascular diagnostics and rational goal-directed therapy...

  1. Syrepumpehæmmerbehandling ved ulcusblødning - en gennemgang af en cochrane-analyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Ove B

    2014-01-01

    Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) is shown to improve the outcome of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). A recent Cochrane review evaluated different regimes of PPI-treatment in the management of PUB. The current evidence suggests that treatment with high-dose PPI (cumulative PPI-dose > 600 mg...... doses of PPI are equally efficacious to high-dose treatment. As the current evidence is strongest for high-dose treatment for patients with serious PUB it is recommended to use high-dose PPI treatment in patients treated with endoscopic therapy. This is in line with the national recommendations in...

  2. Flere nye behandlingsmuligheder ved hereditært angioødem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Åbom, Anne; Palarasah, Yaseelan; Bygum, Anette

    2012-01-01

    Hereditary angio-oedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease caused by deficiency of complement C1 inhibitor. It is characterised by recurrent episodes of subcutaneous or submucosal oedema typically involving the extremities, bowel, face or larynx. Within the latest years it has become evident that the...

  3. Mulige problemer ved tegning af forsikring bekymrer patienter, der henvises til genetisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diness, Birgitte Rode; Juhl, Line Bune

    2014-01-01

    In Denmark insurance companies may request information regarding current and past disease of the applicants and their family when insurance is requested but they are prohibited from requesting information regarding the applicants' genetically determined risk of future disease. We report a web...

  4. Børn, unge og sociale netværkssider. Hvad ved vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    været. Herefter skal vi se på, hvordan børn og unge selv begrunder deres brug af sociale netværkssider, og hvilke motiver der ligger bag deres mange timer foran skærmen. Dernæst sætter kapitlet fokus på børn og unges venskaber på sociale netværkssider, hvad der karakteriserer et venskab i dag, og...

  5. Profitability estimations in considering applications for concession in the energy sector; Loennsomhetsvurderinger ved konsesjonsbehandling i energisektoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, M. [Oslo Univ. (Norway). Sosialoekonomisk Inst.; Soevik, Y.

    1995-09-01

    In Norway, most power development projects are subject to the 1917 law on the regulation of watercourses and its revision of 1992. This report discusses certain aspects of concession granting conditions laid down in this law. Part I describes some variants of the profitability concept and discusses the project owner`s incentives: He may feel encouraged to influence assessments of the damage and inconvenience his project might inflict on private and public interests because for him large compensations are connected with low project value. If there is doubt about a project`s worthiness of concession and its value for the owner is positive, then the owner may overstate the value and the positive external effects of the project and understate the negative ones. And vice versa for a project of negative value. Part II discusses some of the principle characteristics of today`s concession practice: quantification of costs in a power development project, estimation of production value, quantification of discount rate. Part III deals with possible linkage between concession granting authorities and various participants in a development project from the point of view of political science. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup;

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...... with the patients treated with clopidogrel and ASA in the CURE study, we also found a three times greater risk of major bleeding in period 2. In particular, patients over 70 years of age and patients undergoing bypass surgery were at heightened risk. The incidence of the primary clinical end point was higher...... in both period 1 and period 2 than in the CURE study. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates an increased risk of major bleeding in unselected patients receiving combination therapy with ASA and clopidogrel after UAP or NSTEMI. Major bleeding complications most frequently occur in patients above 70 years...

  7. God effekt af mindfulness ved symptomer på stress, angst og depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone; Rasmussen, Benita Holt; Preuss, Tua

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a manualised group intervention using mindfulness training as a means of reducing the suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric illness. A review of the literature includes 31 randomised studies. Results indicate that MBSR may...

  8. Administrative stordriftsfordele ved kommunalre-formen i Danmark – sandede eller tilsandede?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Houlberg

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The Danish Local Government Reform in 2007 reduced the number of municipalities from 271 to 98 and the number of Regions from 14 to 5 along with major changes in tasks, finances and the equalisation scheme. One of the objectives of the reform was to realize administrative economies of scale. Measured by administrative costs, this article concludes that the amalgamated municipalities so far have not realized the expected administrative economies of scale. It is, however, also shown that the potential economies of scale prior to the Reform was inflated in a Reform legitimating process. Before as well as after the Reform, administrative economies of scale exist if analysing on administrative costs. Technically administrative costs by decentralised agencies, however, cannot be calculated and are therefore not included in the analysis. Basing the analysis instead on administrative personnel, including administrative staff employed at schools, kindergartens etc., the conclusion is that larger municipalities do not spend less resources on administration than smaller municipalities.

  9. Ventetid og omkostninger ved diagnostik og behandling af stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Rikke; Sanchez, Ricardo

    Introduction: The objective of this pilot study was to examine possible consequences of a logistically non-optimal regimen, for the diagnosis and treatment of stable angina pectoris, on waiting time and costs to inform whether a larger study is warranted. Material and methods: Retrospective cohor...... of stable angina pectoris, which ceteris paribus would be associated with cost savings in the health care sector. However, these potentials should be examined in a larger- scale study....

  10. Støj fra testcenter for vindmøller ved Østerild

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Henrik; Pedersen, Steffen; Staunstrup, Jan K.

    i Frøstruplejren, plus 2 boliger i Hjardemål By. Dette er ikke nævnt i VVM-redegørelsen, og der er ikke planlagt ekspropriationer. Der bor i alt 80 personer i Frøstruplejren. Med 20 MW møller overskrides grænsen for alle boliger i Frøstruplejren, 12 boliger i Hjardemål By plus hele hotel- og...

  11. Optimized wood/pellet heater with flue gas condensation; Optimerad ved/pelletspanna med roekgaskondensering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fredriksson, Christian; Ramstroem, Erik; Berge, Niklas [TPS Termiska Processer AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)

    2002-09-01

    To increase the efficiency of small-scale combustion equipment it is possible to cool the flue gas and condense the water vapor in the flue gas in a flue gas condenser. This also makes it possible to reduce the emissions of particles and unburnt hydrocarbon if the condenser is designed in a suitable way. This work concerns flue gas condensation with respect to the design of the condenser, the handling of the condensate and the integration of the flue gas condenser in a heating system from a technical and an economical point of view. The results from laboratory experiments shows that a flue gas condenser, designed as a plate heat exchanger, connected to a wood pellet fired heater reduces the emissions of both particles and unburnt hydrocarbons. A reduction of 10 to 77% of the particle content in the gas was achieved, the content of hydrocarbons (BTX) was reduced by 50 to 91 %. It was not possible to see any effect on the emissions by changing the design of the condenser, due to the relatively large scatter in the determined particle content in the gas. When it comes to cooling capacity the trends were however more clear; the cooling capacity was strongly dependent on the design of the condenser. It was possible to increase the cooling capacity of the condenser with 124% by changing the condenser design from a reference case with conventional design of the condenser with flat walls, to a design with a corrugated shape of the wall. For a typical domestic wood stove heater of 30 kW this means that the cooling capacity in a condenser under similar conditions increases from 3.3 to 7.4 kW. The addition of water in a spray in the gas upstream of the condenser had only a limited effect on the cooling capacity. The condensate from the condenser was analyzed with respect to the components that currently are regulated for disposal to the district sewer system. The analyses showed that the condensate most likely could be disposed to the sewer system directly without any cleaning. The use of fresh water spray in the equipment dilutes the condensate further, which makes the concentration of the pollutants even lower with fewer problems for the purifying plant. For integration of a flue gas condenser in a heating system, the main question is if there is a heat demand at sufficiently low temperatures where the heat generated by the condenser could be utilized. A combination of floor heating and tap water pre-heating with a water accumulator is shown to be an attractive system design. This solution could use the heat from the condenser and could at the same time handle seasonal variation in the heat demand. The economical calculations that have been done shows that it is economically motivated to invest in flue gas condensation equipment if the domestic heating system is to be converted from electricity or oil heating to a biomass heated system. The best possibility for this technique to be economically competitive is if the condenser is integrated in a new wood stove where the additional costs for equipment are the lowest.

  12. Radium-223 behandling af knoglemetastaser ved kastrationsrefraktær prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Jann; Højgaard, Liselotte

    2014-01-01

    The alpha emitter Radium-223 ((22)3Ra-Cl2) is a bone-seeking radionuclide studied as a new treatment for patients with bone metastases from hormone refractory prostate cancer. More than 1,000 patients have been included in clinical phase I-III tests showing significant reduction in alkaline...

  13. Måling af friktion ved hjælp af spindelpressen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Poul

    Teknisk Manual. Denne rapport gennemgår forsøgsopstillinger på spindelpressen til måling af friktion. Der bliver kort gennemgået hvilket udstyr der skal bruges, og hvordan data opsamles og transducerne kalibreres. Rapporten er en hjælp til opstilling af udstyret. Beskrivelser af testprincipper og...

  14. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt plexus coeliacus-neurolyse til smertebehandling ved cancer pancreatis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilmann, Andreas Slot; Karstensen, John Gésdal; Cherciu, Irina;

    2014-01-01

    Pain is among the most common symptoms in patients with pancreatic cancer and up to 80% require analgesics, most often as opioids. Unfortunately the analgesic effect is frequently insufficient, and increasing doses are required, resulting in unpleasant side effects. Endoscopic ultrasound......-guided neurolysis is a well established method to alleviate or reduce pain due to pancreatic cancer with a documented effect in 80% of patients. The aim of this review is to draw attention to endoscopic ultrasound-guided neurolysis and to discuss its potential which may not be fully utilized....

  15. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration....... The neurological signs were probably caused by herpes zoster affection of the oculomotor and optic nerves in association with the facial nerve paresis induced by zoster....

  16. Er vi ved at date os til døde?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2014-01-01

    Den amerikanske kulturkritiker Neil Postman skrev tilbage i 1970'erne om fjernsynets indflydelse på vores forstand, vores kognitive kompetencer, vores kulturelle præferencer og i bund og grund om vores civilisations intellektuelle tilstand....

  17. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    Reduction of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms is imperative. Pneumonia is important in this matter because of its high incidence, subjective diagnostic criteria, and variations in aetiology. Research has focused on the use of a procalcitonin-guided algorithm for antimicrobial stewardship...... with promising reductions in antibiotic use and treatment duration, but more research is needed in order to draw a final conclusion. Lack of objective diagnostic criteria, methodological challenges in research, a future focus on primary care, and the need for a cost-benefit analysis should be considered....

  18. Crowdfunding - en opgave om de strategiske fordele ved crowdfunding i filmbranchen

    OpenAIRE

    Leifer, Anders; Frydendahl, Erik Pouret; Nedergaard, Mads Kresten

    2014-01-01

    This paper asks the question: What strategic advantages can a given film project obtain by using crowdfunding? Since crowdfunding is not a very well described and researched field, after a general introduction to the phenomenon of crowdfunding, the paper turns to literature on networks and relations (Lars Sandstrøm ao.), co-creation (C.K. Prahalad & Venkat Ramaswamy) and strategic positioning and value-chains (Michael E. Porter) in order to build a theoretical framework. From this basis, the ...

  19. Nye molekylaere markører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Thomas Stauffer; Pallisgaard, Niels; Christensen, Jacob Haaber;

    2006-01-01

    , implicating that phenylalanine is substituted with valine in position 617 (V617F mutation). JAK2 is of particular importance to haematopoiesis, since JAK2 proteins are activated mainly by the haematopoietic growth factors. The JAK2 mutation is present in most patients with polycythaemia vera and about 50...

  20. Der er dokumenteret effekt af ekstrakorporal fotoferese ved T-celle-medierede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Schiødt, Ida; Gniadecki, Robert

    2011-01-01

    -versus-host disease (GVHD) in bone marrow transplant patients and severe cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTLC). Studies have documented an effect of ECP in GVHD and CTLC. ECP has been used to treat other T-cell mediated diseases, the documentation however is sparse. The side effects of ECP are few and not serious....

  1. Vederlagskrav mellem helsøskende ved misbrug af uskiftet bo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian; Hartmann Stæger, Johan

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen handler om arvelovens regler om vederlagskrav og mulighederne for at anvende dem, når misbrug af et uskiftet bo har forrykket arveforholdet mellem to helsøskende. Forfatterne konkluderer at den hidtidige retsopfattelse af vederlagskrav som en beregningsteknisk overførsel af midler mellem...... to boslodder ikke kan opretholdes. Vederlagskrav må derimod forstås som "et krav på kompensation for visse økonomiske dispositioner, som en ægtefælle eller samlever har foretaget i ægteskabet, over et uskiftet bo eller efter førstafdødes død." Som følge heraf vurderer forfatterne, at der ikke er...... noget der taler for, at helsøskende skal rammes af andre begrænsninger end alle andre, der ønsker at rejse vederlagskrav i et uskiftet bo. Vederlagskravet skal følgelig rettes mod det beholdne bo, og det er muligt at lave beregninger af, hvorledes én helsøskende skal kompenseres for et misbrug til...

  2. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria;

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  3. Transfusionspraksis ved total hoftealloplastik på danske ortopædkirurgiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma B; Mehnert, Frank; Overgaard, Søren;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We examined the use of blood transfusion in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) at 21 orthopaedic departments in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with primary THA (n = 21,773) between 1999 and 2006 were identified from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry. Data...

  4. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival and deve......Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... hypertensive patients....

  5. Betydningen af kroppens stilling for det diuretiske respons ved behandling af dekompenseret cirrose og morbus cordis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ring-Larsen, H; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl;

    1989-01-01

    sodium 96 v 45 mmol (mEq)/6 h (p less than 0.01), and the excreted potassium in six hours was similar in both postures. The glomerular filtration rate was 100 and 66 ml/min (p less than 0.01) and the heart rate 76 and 83 beats/min (p less than 0.05) in the supine and upright positions, respectively...... mechanisms which may reduce the excretion of water and salt. Udgivelsesdato: 1989-Jan-2...

  6. Det skriftlige udtryk i bachelorprojekter ved Fysioterapeutuddannelserne i København og Oslo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hovmand, Bente; Andersen, Bente; Sjöberg, Nils Erik;

    2008-01-01

    including workplace environment are few. Both Educations included a chapter of theory, but differ in view of placement, structure, extent and purpose. Use of empirical data was more frequent in UCO. Stringent data analysis was used more at UCO due to more hours of focused supervision. Literature studies....... At both institutions the project is compulsory. The purpose was to learn more about Bachelor projects by comparing and contrasting Bachelor theses from the institutions, looking into structure, content and methods. Relevance: This study is in line with the European Higher Education Area (EHEA......): Transparency, coherence and tuning. The Bologna Declaration introduced the ECTS system, common grading system and common degree-system. Tuning of educational frames, content, and evaluation of Bachelor projects is important to clarify the level of the Bachelor project. Description: All abstracts from 2007 (86...

  7. En funksjonell screening av Ballettdansere ved Den Norske Nasjonalballetten, med retrospektiv skadeanalyse og smertestatus

    OpenAIRE

    Olsen, Roger

    2014-01-01

    Background: Professional ballet dancers as a group have high exposure and a supposedly high prevalence of injuries (40 - 80 %). Previous studies show that pain is a part of their daily lives as dancers. Little is known about prevention of injury in ballet dance. Likewise there is little knowledge about strengths and weaknesses in this group. Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to see if functional tests as Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Star Excursions Balance Test (SEBT) and Lunge...

  8. Appetitstimulerende lægemidler ved fremskreden kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, Kristin; Jarlbæk, Lene; Herrstedt, Jørn

    2014-01-01

    For patients with advanced cancer, the evidence of using medical appetite stimulants is sparse. A literature database search for randomized, controlled trials found data from 11 drugs. Only for corticosteroids and progestins there was enough evidence to support their use for improving appetite...... and weight gain. Several drugs are currently being tested. If medical appetite stimulation commences, it is recommended to be part of a multimodal therapy for patients with advanced cancer, weight loss and lack of appetite....

  9. ABC kommer før genopvarmning ved svær hypotermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Jens; Kjærgaard, Benedict

    2014-01-01

    before rewarming and prolongation of hypothermia at 33 °C to reduce reperfusion injury and cerebral hyperthermia is recommended but is not as yet implemented as standard treatment. We propose a simplified clinical approach to on-site triage of hypothermia: 1. Awake below 35 °C (Glasgow Coma Scale > 8). 2...

  10. Personvernaspekt ved bruk av søkemotorar på internett

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    This is a master thesis at the Institute of Informatics, University of Oslo. Duration is 30 study points. This thesis is about privacy aspects in relation to usability of internet based search engines. The problem area of the thesis is divided in two: 1) Why privacy aspect are related to the issue of finding personal information with search engines 2) Why privacy aspects are related to the knowledge which the search engines have about their users The theory chapter def...

  11. Komplet remission efter rituximabbehandling ved refraktær hårcelleleukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petruskevicius, Irma; Bukh, Anne; Johnsen, Hans Erik;

    2008-01-01

    A 40 year-old man with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) was treated with Cladribin, but achieved only partial response (PR). As expected, both 2 and 5 years later the disease had progressed and the patient was therefore twice retreated with Cladribin. A bone marrow examination after the last Cladribin c...

  12. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia;

    2003-01-01

    out of 19 patients, and less pain in 13 out of 19 patients. CONCLUSION: Continuous intrathecal baclofen was effective in treating severe spasticity and dystonia of cerebral origin with major effect on muscles of the lower extremities, pelvis, and back and in particular opisthotonus was relieved...... with continuous intrathecal baclofen for a period of 2-64 months (median 22.2 months). Registration of efficacy, fillings, adjustments of baclofen and other therapies were performed in an out patient setting since 1995. RESULTS: Spasticity in lower extremities was reduced from Ashworth score 3.5-4.5 (median 4.......4 to 0.1 mg/kg/24 hours, and dantrolene from 4.0 to 0.4 mg/kg/24 hours. After initial adjustments successively increased dosages of average 0.46 microgram/kg/month were needed to maintain the same level of efficacy. In questionnaires parents or guardians rated less spasticity in lower extremities in 15...

  13. Diversion at small hydro-electric power stations; Forbislipping ved smaa vannkraftverk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noren, Knut E.; Elstad, Ivar K.

    2008-07-01

    At a shut down caused by, for instance, a power shortage at a power station, the electric aggregate will stop and there will be a quick change in the flow of water downstream of the power station. This situation gives undesirable environmental effects, especially with regards to fish. The fish must have the opportunity to withdraw to deep pools, to avoid running aground. The goal of this report is to present good ideas to design diversion stations that reduce the environmental effects to an acceptable level, which is especially important in anadromous waterways, simultaneously not costing too much. The demand for diversion should be clarified with the authorities as soon as possible. By taking into account the power stations dimensions and foundation needs early on in the planning phase, the cost will be minimized. As a rule NVE currently demand that a diversion installation must have a capacity of 50 % of the turbines full flow of water. This is to avoid large changes in the flow of water downstream of the power station. In addition to the demand on the maximum capacity of the diversion installation, there should also be posed a demand that the calculation of the rate of flow should be kept within 50 % of the total rate of flow before the shut down. This is possible to achieve with the help of software control without the operational drawbacks caused by slow regulation being too great. Calculations carried out show that also with loading operation after shut down should have a relatively slow rate of flow. It is recommended that the short term rate of flow increase should be no more than 50 % of the rate of flow before the shut down or the stationary rate of flow before the turbines are started. To ensure the diversion with loading operation at small power stations it is recommended to use standard valves as much as possible, possibly with an energy dissipater that often can be manufactured locally. The installation should be arranged in such a way that the components that are exposed to wear and tear may be replaced as conveniently as possible. Being that most small power stations have a control installation based on the static current principle, demands for diversion at shut down must be specially taken into account and often require its own power system. (TM). 11 figs

  14. Tool for system optimisation; Electric motors; Vaerktoej til brug ved systemoptimering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, Sandie B.; Jespersen, P.T.; Hvenegaard, C.M. (Teknologisk Institut, Taastrup (Denmark))

    2011-09-15

    The report describes in detail the development of models of belt transmissions, gears and motor and frequency converter, which is the core of the tool. The report also contains a detailed example of using the program for optimization of a ventilation system. With the tool it is possible to design an energy efficient system, where each individual component is energy efficient and where the components are adjusted relative to demand. (LN)

  15. Førstehjælp ved observeret hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybecker, H; Andersen, C; Frandsen, F;

    1990-01-01

    In connection with participation of doctors in the emergency ambulance service in Odense, the number of cases of observed cardiac arrest outside hospital was registered during a period of six months. The object was to assess how often primary treatment for cardiac arrest was instituted by passers...

  16. Cleaning of polluted water using biological techniques. [Ground water]. Rensning af forurenet vand ved biologisk teknik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, M. (Hedeselskabet (Denmark))

    1992-01-01

    Ground-water at many Danish locations has been polluted by organic substances. This pollution has taken place in relation to leaks or spills of, for example, petrol from leaky tanks or oil separators. The article describes a new biological technique for the purification of ground-water polluted by petrol and diesel oils leaked at a petrol station. The technique involves decompostion by bacteria. During decompostion the biomass in the filter increases and carbon dioxide and water is produced, so there is no waste product from this process. The two units consist of an oil-separator which separates the diesel oil and petrol from the water, and a bio-filter which is constructed as an aired-through inverted filter to which nutrient salts are continually added. The filter-material used is in the form of plastic rings on which the oil-decomposing bacteria grow and reproduce themselves. The system is further described. It is claimed that the bio-filter can decompose 7 kg of petrol and diesel oil in one week, larger ones decompose more. The servicelife of the system is expected to be 4-6 years. Current installation costs are 20.000 - 100.000 Danish kroner, according to size. (AB).

  17. Brug af tranexamsyre ved øvre gastrointestinal blødning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessing, Thomas Damgaard; Fenger-Eriksen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Tranexamic acid inhibits the degradation of a newly formed fibrin clot. The drug reduces blood loss and transfusion requirements in a wide range of different clinical scenarios and patient settings. So far, tranexamic acid is not part of standard treatment among patients with gastrointestinal...... bleeding. This article evaluates the available literature on this topic. Tranexamic acid seems appropriate as adjuvant treatment during upper gastrointestinal bleeding. However, these patients are often old and have several co-morbidities. Therefore, thromboembolic risk and tranexamic acid dosage should...

  18. Fjernelse af pesticider fra drikkevand ved brug af AOP'er

    OpenAIRE

    Madsen, Henrik Tækker; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen

    2012-01-01

    A recently started PhD study is focused on the introducing of advanced water treatment technology to the Danish water sector. The purpose of the study is to present a novel option for removing pesticides from drinking water, as an alternative to the two traditional solutions of either using activated carbon (GAC/PAC) or the costly process of establishing a new well. The access to clean drinking water is by many considered to be a universal human right. However, due to both a quantitative and ...

  19. Muligheder og barrierer for adjunkters læring i forbindelse med vejledningspraksis ved DPU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Irene

    2006-01-01

    Et adjunktpædagogikum skaber tid og rum for, at universitetsundervisere kan bruge hinanden som ressource, mens der i den almindelige hverdag kun sjældent er fora for direkte pædagogisk erfaringsudveksling kollegaer imellem. Artiklen belyser muligheder og barrierer for, at adjunkter fra DPU får sk...

  20. Kommunikation ved brug af mobile enheder med digital video i idræt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langagergaard Rødbro, Lise; Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres kort for et projekt, som førte frem til en videoplatform, der er et bud på et ’lukket YouTube’, hvor video filmet med smartphone direkte kan uploades til, og med funktioner specifikt udviklet til skolens idrætsundervisning. Med afsæt i systemisk kommunikationsteori analyseres...

  1. Rase og religion: Særtrekk ved Varg Vikernes' ideologi sammenlignet med den klassiske nazismen

    OpenAIRE

    Gunstad, Maria Flaten

    2015-01-01

    I 1994 ble Kristian Larsson Vikernes, bedre kjent som Varg Vikernes eller «Greven», dømt til 21 års fengsel for drap, kirkebranner og tyveri. Samme år skrev han det ideologiske manifestet Vargsmål som ble utgitt to år senere, i 1996. I manifestet som i dag foreligger på flere språk formilder Vikernes sin verdensanskuelse der idégrunnlaget i sin helhet bryter med det moderne demokratiet. Siden 1990-tallet har både forskere og journalister merket ham som både satanist og nazist basert på de tan...

  2. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob;

    2015-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short lear-ning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback...

  3. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob;

    2016-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short learning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback. No evid......Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short learning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback...

  4. Brug af nervestimulator ved anlaeggelse af nervus ischiadicus-blokade hos en crusamputeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiring, Christian; Kristensen, Billy B

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of a sciatic nerve block performed with the nerve stimulation technique. This technique is normally not used in amputees because detection of a motor response to an electrical stimulation is impossible. In our patient the stimulation provoked a phantom sensation of movement...

  5. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn;

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...... doctors and patients in primary care led to a considerable decrease in antibiotic prescribing. Teaching of hospital doctors, combined with a restriction in the choice of antibiotics, resulted in a decrease in multidrug-resistant strains. A concerted effort is needed to curb the growing resistance problem....

  6. Primær perkutan koronar-intervention som en national reperfusionsstrategi ved ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Steengaard, Carsten; Holmvang, Lene;

    2013-01-01

    The use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requires optimal systems-of-care and logistics in order to enable rapid treatment of all patients. In Denmark, this has been achieved through prehospital...

  7. Udfordringen ved sociale medier:mellem forbud og ligegyldighed i klasseværelset

    OpenAIRE

    Tække, Jesper; Paulsen, Michael Eric

    2012-01-01

    Like with the emergence of oral language and the invention of writing, printing, and electronic media, today digital media entail a revolution of society. In our present time we are living through the incunabula of a digital revolution. This means that many things in society find new forms, and we must find new ways of doing things, because our media milieu has changed. Also in schools many things are changing; the classroom is no longer a closed room where interaction is isolated from the ex...

  8. Om kreativitet og socialt entreprenørskab bl.a. ved universiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dupont, Søren

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen fokuserer på John Deweys og Paulo Freires teorier som en art grundlagsdiskussion for social entreprenørskab. Diskussionerne omkring dette sættes ind i rammerne for universiteternes virke i dag, og forfatteren vælger i den forbindelse af se social entreprenørskab som en mulighed for at be......Artiklen fokuserer på John Deweys og Paulo Freires teorier som en art grundlagsdiskussion for social entreprenørskab. Diskussionerne omkring dette sættes ind i rammerne for universiteternes virke i dag, og forfatteren vælger i den forbindelse af se social entreprenørskab som en mulighed...

  9. Modellering af naturlig ventilation og natkøling- ved hjælp af ringmetoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Lund

    De seneste årtiers fokusering på energieffektivitet og indeklima har betydet en genopfindelse af naturlig ventilation. Dagens byggeskik og fremkomsten af computeren har betydet at der har været og stadig er et stort behov for beregningsmodeller der hurtigt og præcist kan beregne konsekvenserne ve...

  10. Bivirkninger som årsag til seponering af donepezil ved Alzheimers demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen; Moe, Claus

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the frequency of adverse events (AE) as a cause for discontinuation of donepezil treatment for Alzheimer's dementia (DAT) in a geriatric memory unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five-year retrospective study of 123 donepezil-treated patients diagnosed...... with DAT or mixed dementia in a geriatric memory unit. The material covers all patients treated with donepezil and surveyed for 12 months in the memory unit during the period from 14th March 2001 to 7th April 2006. RESULTS: Among the 123 patients, 106 (86%) suffered from DAT and 17 (14%) suffered from...... and patients should have easy access to a memory unit in the case of AE. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Dec...

  11. Rutinemæssig oftalmologisk opfølgning anbefales ved candidæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smit, Jesper; Leemreize, Marieke; Berman, Dalia Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    The incidence of candidaemia is increasing on a global scale. Secondary intraocular involvement is a rare but serious complication, which can cause considerable visual damage. Hence, current national and international guidelines recommend ophthalmological examination of all patients with verified...... candidaemia in order to ensure adequate therapy and reduce the risk of visual impairment. We present a case illustrating that initial symptoms and findings of ocular candidiasis may often be subtle which emphasizes the importance of consistent adherence to these guidelines....

  12. Nye endokrine behandlinger forlænger overlevelsen ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, Klaus; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer;

    2013-01-01

    Endokrin behandling af prostatacancer (PCa) har været anvendt i mere end 60 år og har stadig en væsentlig plads i behandlingen af patienter med avanceret PCa. Hos en voksen mand opretholder androgener celleantallet i prostata og undertrykker apoptose. Ophæves den androgene stimulation opnås en...... efter 1-2 år. Kastrationsresistent prostatacancer (CRPC) defineres som progression trods serum testosteron i kastrationsniveau (prostata specifikt antigen (PSA) eller forekomst af nye metastaser, konsensus om...

  13. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfill...

  14. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2013-01-01

    I efteråret 2012 fik Somalia for første gang en parlamentsformand, en præsident og en statsminister fra civilsamfundet. Den føderale regering beskyttes af ca. 18.000 afrikanske tropper fra Uganda, Kenya mv. Ekstremistiske grupper er i defensiven, men ikke nedkæmpet. 6. marts 2013 ophævede...... Sikkerhedsrådet våbenembargoen mod Somalia. Danmark er blandt de førende lande i genopbygning af Somalia, især i forhold til humanitær bistand og bekæmpelsen af pirateri på Afrikas Horn. Der er ca. 2 millioner somaliere i andre lande, og den største bistand modtager Somalia fra sin diaspora, som overfører ca. 2...

  15. Diagnose og behandling af osteoporose ved ikke-metastaserende cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  16. Patofysiologiske mekanismer bag øjensymptomer ved primaere tumorer i corpus pineale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, N O; Møller, M; Garde, E

    1993-01-01

    Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may be a pres......Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may...

  17. Alkohol og andre stoffer hos bilister. Stor uheldsrisiko ved promillekørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie

    2011-01-01

    Det omfattende EU-forskningsprogram DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs and Medicines) er netop afsluttet. Institut for Transport på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet og Retskemisk afdeling, Retsmedicinsk Institut på Københavns Universitet var de danske partnere i projektet, hvor der...

  18. Kæmpecellearteritis diagnosticeret ved hjælp af PET-CT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Cæcilie Crawley; Schifter, Søren; Bonnema, Steen Joop

    2014-01-01

    Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is easily diagnosed in case of typical symptoms such as headache and jaw claudication. We present an 82-year-old man who was admitted due to symptoms of pneumonia, weight loss and fever. He did not respond to antibiotic treatment. An 18F-fluordeoxyglucose PET-CT scan...... showed increased uptake of the thoracic branches of aorta, raising the suspicion of GCA. The result from a subsequent temporal artery biopsy supported the diagnosis. Based on the clinical symptoms, the results from the PET-CT scan and the biopsy, and the response to high dose of prednisolone, the patient...

  19. Vesikoamniotisk shunt-terapi ved føtal obstruktiv uropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, T H; Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Larsen, T

    1996-01-01

    Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and oligohydramn......Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and...

  20. Lægelig medvirken ved detentionsanbringelser. Et års erfaringer fra Odense politikreds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardt-Madsen, M; Larsen, C F; Schmidt, D

    1990-01-01

    On 22.5.1987, a law was introduced in Denmark according to which persons under the influence of alcohol detained by the police should, as a rule, be medically examined. In Denmark (not including the Faroe islands and Greenland), 40% out of 26,598 persons placed in detention were medically examined...... in 1988. Out of 918 persons placed in detention in the Odense police district, 66% were medically examined and of these 5% were referred to hospital for further examination and/or treatment. Four of these were admitted, three of whom had life-threatening poisonings and one on account of a potentially...... disabling condition. No deaths occurred in detention in Odense. It seems reasonable that all persons placed in detention should be seen by a doctor and, similarly, the protective function of detention should be emphasized....

  1. Bedriftens økonomi, produktivitet og ressourceforbrug ved forskellige strategier for selvforsyning med foder

    OpenAIRE

    Mogensen, Lisbeth; Kristensen, Troels

    2005-01-01

    Forbedres grovfoderkvaliteten, via øget andel kløvergræs, stiger såvel foderoptagelsen som mælkeydelsen per ko per år og der opnås en meget positiv effekt på bedriften økonomien. Modelberegninger viser imidlertid også at kvælstofoverskud per ha i stiger dette system, med deraf øget risiko for kvælstofudvaskning. Som en konsekvens heraf er der behov for at se kritisk på den traditionelle ompløjning af græsmarkerne efter 2 til 3 år, frem for mere længerevarende marker.

  2. Test af permeable befæstelser på parkeringsplads ved Svanemøllehallen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støvring, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Permeable befæstelser, der tillader vand at sive gennem belægningen til temporær opmagasinering i bærelaget forud for infiltration, er brugt vidt i udlandet. De seneste år har teknologien fundet brug i Danmark. Resultater fra dokumentationsforsøg i Danmark viser, at de virker, men at der er brug ...

  3. Universelle kramper og respirationsstop som komplikation i forbindelse med lokalanalgesi ved circumcision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiberg, Ida Louise; Nebrich, Lars; Pedersen, Pernille

    2015-01-01

    We present two cases in which two boys of four weeks and four and a half months, respectively, experienced seizures and respiratory insufficiency as complications to the local anaesthesia administered for ritual circumcision. They both needed intubation and anticonvulsive therapy and acquired...

  4. Bone scintigraphy in traumas and stress injuries; Knoglescintigrafi ved traumer og belastningsskader

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanstrup Hansen, I.L.

    1998-01-01

    Bone scintigraphy is an easy and cheap diagnostic method for examination of stress injuries of lower extremities. A more specific diagnosis often has to be supplemented by MR scanning or X-radiography. (EG). 14 refs.

  5. Magnetic resonance tomography in skeletal and soft tissue traumas; Magnetisk resonanstomografi ved skjelett- og bloetdelstraumer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stiris, Morten G

    2000-07-01

    MRI has revolutionised the diagnostic yield in musculo-skeletal trauma. Studies have documented that MRI can be an accurate, cost-effective means of assessing injuries in the knee, the foot and the ankle and it may also be cost-effective in other anatomic locations. MRTI may have a significant impact on decision-making in relation to these patients and on the follow-up. The patient does not need to be moved for evaluation in all the anatomical planes. Each study can also be post-processes if necessary. MRI may be used in patients with fractures for evaluation of complications. The fracture lines as well as accompanying soft tissue damage are well documented.

  6. Lovende resultater ved ultralydvejledt anlæggelse af nerveblokade hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefort, Michèle Reeslev; Henneberg, Steen; Bille, Anders Bastholm;

    2011-01-01

    Nerve blocks play an increasingly important role in pediatric regional anaesthesia. The benefits are numerous compared to standard pain regimens. The use of ultrasound (US) for nerve blocks lowers the volume of local anaesthetics applied, shortens the on-set time and results in higher success rat...

  7. Sammenligning af profylaktisk ephedrin- og profylaktisk phenylephrininfusion ved spinal anaestesi til kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Møller, Ann M; Hangaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery may be associated with hypotension and fetal acidosis. Prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine (PE) immediately after the induction of anaesthesia appears to be a more effective approach than administration of ephedrine to reduce the incidence, frequency a...

  8. Kortsigtede økonomiske virkninger for Nanortalik ved en kommunesammenlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lars

    2006-01-01

    A new local government structure is announced for Greenland from 2009. If the reform is carried through, Nanortalik the most southerly town will come together with Qaqortoq, then the new centre, and Narsaq. A suggestion by the mayor of Nanortalik about the number of civil servants that should mov...... people and foreign skilled workers operating a nearby gold mine. It is stressed that the paper doesn't evaluate the proposal for a reform, neither for the South of Greenland nor for Greenland as a whole. It is about possible very short term local effects...

  9. Sælfinger erhvervet i Danmark og diagnosticeret ved PCR-teknik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Louise Charlotte; Justesen, Ulrik Stenz; Roos, Signe Moeslund;

    2012-01-01

    Seal finger is an unusual infection in Denmark but is seen quite often in Greenland. A 69 year-old Danish man developed severe infection after cutting his finger on a sea urchin while handling a fishing net. Treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics had no effect. Standard culture from the lesion wa...... was negative. A Mycoplasma species was detected by PCR and DNA sequencing and subsequently cultured on special media. Specifically asked about exposure to sea mammals the patient could inform that a dead seal had also been trapped in the fishing net....

  10. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia an...... an acute laparoscopy. This is a reminder of the increase in the prevalence of heterotopic pregnancies as a result of hormonal induction of ovulation, and indicates that laparoscopy is the gold standard of detecting the cause of abdominal pain including ectopic pregnancy....

  11. Biomarkører ved diagnostik af Alzheimers sygdom i tidlig fase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kristian S; Hasselbalch, Steen; Law, Ian;

    2015-01-01

    Alzheimer's disease is responsible for 40-50% of dementia cases. Future treatment may include disease-modifying compounds unlikely to be efficient if administered late in the course, thus necessitating early diagnosis. Furthermore, revised diagnostic research criteria that include biomarkers of...

  12. Køling ved hjælp af fjernvarme (Using District Heating for Cooling)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    The theoretical basic using heat to produce cooling is explained by combining two Carnot processes. Ejector and Absoption cycles, which are two pratical processe using heat, are explained. For absorption cycles different layout is shown using low temperature heat source. It is shown how a high ch...

  13. Varmeovergang og trykfald ved fordampning af kuldioxid (Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Boiling Carbon Dioxide)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    1999-01-01

    Heat transfer and pressure drop for carbon dioxide, pure and mixed with oil, has the been measured for flow in pipe. The measured heat transfer coefficient for pure carbon dioxide is much higher than the value calculated with the Shah correlation. With oil even higher heat transfer coefficient ha...

  14. Med Ved Kreativitetens Højbord - Et case study af Roskilde Kommunes udvikling af Musicon

    OpenAIRE

    Klæbel, Birgitte

    2012-01-01

    This project is a case study of Roskilde Municipality’s city reconstitution, Musicon, where event economy based on Richard Florida’s theory on the creative class is explored. Musicon is especially relevant as it is a current and ongoing process and has been one since 2007. In this project, strengths and weaknesses of the current process of city development will be put forward, and focus is kept on the challenges regarding the adaption of Florida’s theory to Danish conditions to create a creat...

  15. Estimering af bilers brændstofforbrug ved brug af eksisterende GPS data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ove; Lahrmann, Harry; Torp, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    GPS data opsamles i mange sammenhænge f.eks. for at finde køretider i vejnettet. I denne artikel vises, hvorledes eksisterende GPS data kan bruges til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en tur. En metode til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en enkelt tur generaliseres til at kunne estimere...

  16. Biomarkører ved diagnostik af Alzheimers sygdom i tidlig fase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kristian S; Hasselbalch, Steen; Law, Ian;

    2015-01-01

    of pathological accumulation of cortical beta-amyloid (decreased beta-amyloid in cerebrospinal fluid and amyloid imaging) and neurodegeneration (structural MRI and 18F-FDG-PET), have been published. Future research is needed to determine specific evidence-based application of these biomarkers in the clinic...

  17. Finasterid ved symptomgivende benign prostatahypertrofi. Et toårs placebokontrolleret studie. Skandinaviske BPH-Studiegruppe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, J T; Wolf, H; Ekman, P;

    1996-01-01

    The efficacy and safety of treatment with finasteride 5 mg daily for 24 months was assessed in this multicentre double blind placebo-controlled study including 707 patients with moderately symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Efficacy parameters were changes in voiding- and bladder storage...... symptoms assessed by a validated symptom score, changes in maximum urinary flow rate and changes in the prostate volume. In the finasteride patients, symptom score improved during the whole study with a significant difference between active treatment and placebo after 24 months (p ... rate increased in finasteride treated patients resulting in a difference between these and the placebo treated patients of 1.8 ml/s after 24 months (p Prostate volume was reduced by 19% in the finasteride treated patients versus an increase of 12% in the placebo treated patient group (p

  18. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle;

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis...

  19. Optimering af vandforsyningens moniteringsstrategi ved hjælp af GIS-analyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Sille Lyster; Grønkjær, Thomas; Christensen, Sarah Christine Boesgaard;

    2014-01-01

    , trykforhold, vandalder, vandhastighed, temperatur, rørmateriale og –alder, jordforurening, risiko for oversvømmelser mv. Vi præsenterer her en metode, der med et GIS-værktøj kortlægger parametre med betydning for valg af moniteringspunkter. Metoden etablerer et kortlag for hver parameter og knytter data til...

  20. ’Du bestemmer – jeg li’ arbejde’ – om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2016-01-01

    (Original text in Danish) This paper presents the main results from a large interactional study of job interviews with second language speakers of Danish. The job interviews were part of a Danish governmental initiative (‘IO-stillinger’) aimed at integrating immigrants and newcomers to Denmark...