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  1. Indoor radon distribution in metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human beings are exposed to ionizing radiation from many natural sources. Radon and its progeny have been recognized as the most important contributors to the natural radioactivity dose, accounting for about half of all human exposure to ionizing radiation. Radon (222Rn) is a α-radioactive noble gas derived from the natural series of uranium (238U), which occurs in a wide concentration range in all geological materials, especially, in rocks, soils and waters. By diffusion and convection, radon migrates from the rocks and soils to atmosphere and through fissures, pipes and holes it may enter the dwellings and other buildings. Another important radon source in dwellings is its emanation from the construction material. The radon progeny concentration in dwellings has been receiving considerable global attention due to its potential effect in causing lung cancer if it deposited in upper respiratory tract when inhaled. This paper presents radon concentration distribution in dwellings in Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte - RMBH. The effective dose estimate is also presented for the RMBH inhabitants. The geological settings of the area are Archean rocks of Granitic Gnaissic Complex and of metasediments sequences of the great Precambrian unit of the Iron Quadrangle of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Radon concentration measurements were carried out with continuous detector AlphaGUARD PQ200PRO (Genitron), in passive mode and with passive detectors E-PERMR Eletret Ion Chamber-EIC. The radon progeny concentration was carried out with a solid state alpha spectroscope, the DOSEman PRO (Sarad). It was found an indoor radon concentration varying in a large range from 18.5 to 2671.4 Bq/m-3, with an average value of 148.0 Bqm-3 and geometric mean equal to 128.2 Bqm-3. The variable results are due mainly to region geological factors and building material composition of dwellings. The equilibrium factor between radon and its progeny were determined in dwellings, as 0.3 in average. (author)

  2. Health assessment of raptors in triage in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    D de A Andery; FC Ferreira Junior; AV de Araújo; DA da R Vilela; MVR Marques; SY Marin; RS Horta; MC Ortiz; JS Resende; NR da S Martins

    2013-01-01

    Falconiformes (n=82), Strigiformes (n=84) and Cathartiformes (n=14) at a triage center (CETAS-Belo Horizonte, IBAMA, Brazil) were examined between 2008 and 2010 . No bird was reactive at hemagglutination-inhibition (HI) for antibodies against Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg). Two Caracara plancus (2/68) had HI titers (16-32) against Newcastle disease virus. No Chlamydophila psittaci DNA was detected in the liver (PCR; n=95). Blood smears (Giemsa; n=89) and spleen fragments (PCR; n=82) were 13.5%...

  3. Geography and Participatory Democracy in Brazil: Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte Compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terence Wood

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the participatory budgeting  process that an increasing number of municipalities, primarily but not exclusively in Brazil, are  using as a tool of governance. Background is  provided on municipal governance in Brazil as  well as on the Partido dos Trabalhadores, the political party primarily responsible for introducing participatory budgeting. This is followed by a  comparison of the participatory budgets of two  Brazilian cities: Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte.  From this comparison we draw conclusions as to  how geography can condition the outcomes of  participatory budgeting processes. Resumen: Geografía y democracia participativa en Brasil:  Comparación entre Porto Alegre y Belo Horizonte Este artículo estudia el proceso de presupuestos  participativos que un número creciente de municipalidades, especialmente en Brasil, aunque no  exclusivamente, está utilizando como instrumento  de gobernabilidad. En el artículo se entrega información de fondo sobre los gobiernos municipales en Brasil y sobre el Partido de los Trabajadores, el partido político que es responsable de la  introducción del presupuesto participativo, para  posteriormente comparar los presupuestos participativos de dos ciudades brasileñas: Porto Alegre y  Belo Horizonte. Sobre la base de esta comparación sacamos conclusiones sobre cómo puede la  geografía condicionar el resultado de procesos de  presupuesto participativo.

  4. Program for the energy efficiency at the Belo Horizonte, Brazil, schools; Programa de eficientizacao energetica nas escolas de Belo Horizonte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Valeria Romeiro Borges da [Prefeitura de Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)]. E-mail: valeria.romeiro@pbh.gov.br; Jota, Patricia Romeiro da Silva [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica de Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa em Energia Inteligente]. E-mail: prsjota@des.cefetmg.br

    2006-07-01

    The Belo Horizonte City Hall comes promoting works of save energy aiming at to integrate and to take care of the goals of Agenda 21 says respect that it argues subjects related to the ambient questions. One of these works is the implementation of the Efficient Energy in Schools Program - PEE in Schools. The PEE will lead, for the level of basic education, a work co-ordinated for the diffusion of the culture of not wastefulness. The program will use the adopted mechanisms of learning in the schools as tool of diffusion of this culture. The community will be party to suit of save energy in schools and will learn the techniques through an interactive process of theory and practical. This work presents the actions that are being developed and that they will be implemented in short term for the PEE in Schools counting on an innovative methodology that will assist in the evaluation of the results, therefore, will all make possible a accompaniment during the process. (author)

  5. Mercado consumidor de carne suína e derivados em Belo Horizonte Pork consumer market in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    I.G. Faria

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o comportamento do mercado consumidor de carne suína e seus derivados em Belo Horizonte. Foram entrevistados 401 consumidores, homens e mulheres, maiores de 19 anos de idade, mantendo-se a proporcionalidade observada no censo populacional. Além de sexo e faixa etária, escolaridade, ocupação e renda familiar foram levantadas para compor os fatores condicionantes da pesquisa. A carne suína in natura é consumida até três vezes por semana pela maioria da população (61,6%, em função de seu sabor e versatilidade. A compra costuma ser feita num mesmo estabelecimento comercial, sendo preferidos os cortes feitos na hora. O consumo de derivados da carne suína é maior que o da carne in natura em razão da grande variedade de produtos. Os consumidores acreditam que a carne suína in natura e derivados sejam perigosos à saúde pelo excesso de gordura ou de colesterol (38,4% e por transmitir doenças (27,8%. Sexo, idade e renda familiar têm influência no consumo, mas não escolaridade e ocupação. As marcas dos produtos derivados aumentam a confiabilidade e indicam a origem, para a maioria dos consumidores. A população, embora mais atenta aos conceitos de alimentação saudável e segura, não conhece o significado e a função da rastreabilidade e certificação de origem dos produtos. Para aumentar o consumo e justificar a criação de programa de certificação da carne suína e derivados em Minas Gerais, é necessário campanha dirigida de marketing para eliminar os preconceitos em relação a estes produtos.This study aimed to assess the behavior of the consumer in relation to pork and pork products. Four hundred and one consumers, men and women over 19 years old, were randomly sampled from the residents of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, to supply information about pork and pork products consumption, besides school background, occupation and family income. Consumption of fresh pork was directly affected by concepts related

  6. Estratégia intersetorial para o controle da dengue em Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brasil An intersectoral strategy for dengue control in Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Rosiene Maria de Freitas

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Os altos índices larvários e a complexidade dos fatores ambientais relacionados à proliferação e sobrevivência do Aedes aegypti levaram a Prefeitura de Belo Horizonte a adotar políticas integradas e agregar parceiros para a definição de ações que possibilitem resultados mais efetivos no controle da dengue, instituindo o Grupo Executivo para o Controle da Dengue - GECD. Esse artigo traz um estudo descritivo que analisa os documentos do GECD - atas, relatórios, avaliações - e descreve as intervenções, em 2007 e 2008, resultantes em: mutirões de limpeza; mobilização da sociedade civil; intensificação de ações de fiscalização; atividades em escolas; comunicação; articulação com empresas privadas, órgãos estaduais e federais; assistência. A experiência de Belo Horizonte, com o fortalecimento do espaço interno de discussão, possibilitou a tomada de decisões de forma mais ágil e o avanço na implementação das ações de prevenção e controle. Possibilitou a emergência de questões e desafios a serem enfrentados para o desenvolvimento da gestão intersetorial no controle da dengue.The high larvae rates found in the city of Belo Horizonte (Southeastern Brazil and the complexity of environmental factors related to Aedes aegypti proliferation and survival led the municipal government authorities to adopt integrated policies and add partners to define effective actions for dengue control, establishing in 2007 the Executive Group for Dengue Control - GECD. This paper offers a descriptive study which analyzes the documents of GECD - reports, minutes, evaluations - and describes interventions in the years of 2007 and 2008 that resulted in: cleaning efforts; civil society mobilization; surveillance activities intensification; activities in schools; conjunction with private companies, state and federal bureaus; health care; and media. Belo Horizonte's experience, with the strengthening of internal groups for discussion

  7. Study on phlebotomine sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae fauna in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Carina Margonari de Souza

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A study on the phlebotomine sand fly fauna in Belo Horizonte city, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, was carried out. From April 2001 to March 2003, monthly systematic collections were performed in three houses from each of the nine regions of the city, using CDC light traps for four consecutive days. The traps were set into the houses and in peridomestic areas totaling 54 traps. A number of 3871 sand fly specimens of the genera Lutzomyia and Brumptomyia were collected. Sixty eight percent of the specimens were L. longipalpis and 16% L. whitmani, insect vectors of visceral and American cutaneous leishmaniasis, respectively. Environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, and frequency of precipitation suggest that the number of insects increases after rainy periods. During the same period mentioned above, seasonal captures were carried out in parks and green areas of Belo Horizonte, using Shannon trap. A total of 579 phlebotomine sand flies were collected from which 398 (68.7% were females with the predominance of L. whitmani and L. monticola. Those specimens were used for natural infection examination, by polymerase chain reaction. No Leishmania DNA was present in any of the specimens tested.

  8. Factors associated with alcohol intake and alcohol abuse among women in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ísis Eloah Machado; Francisco Carlos Félix Lana; Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes; Deborah Carvalho Malta

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze factors associated with alcohol consumption among adult women living in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2011. Data for Belo Horizonte were obtained from the VIGITEL system (Telephone-Based Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases). Alcohol use was defined as self-reported intake of at least one dose in the previous 30 days; alcohol abuse was defined as four or more doses on at least one occa...

  9. Radioactivity of building materials and the gamma radiation in dwellings in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Building materials are known to contain naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). The radionuclides which contribute to the external exposure are 40 K and the gamma emitters members of the natural decay series 238U, 235U and 232Th. Samples of the statistically more important buildings materials utilized in the Metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte were collected and their uranium and thorium concentration were determined by INAA. The gamma emitters were spectrometrically determined by solid state detectors HPGe in a very low background laboratory. A model room was used for calculating the indoor mean exposure in dwellings. Due to the lack of regulation for radioactivity in buildings in Brazil, the measured activity concentration was compared with those of other countries. A discussion about the utilization of building material containing TENORM industrial residues is presented. (author)

  10. Assessment of air quality in Mangabeiras' Park, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, using epiphytic lichens as biomonitor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biomonitoring has been used as an alternative method to study the air pollution in several countries. The lichen, or lichenized fungi, is one of the most efficient on air pollution biomonitoring among the biomonitors. However, in Brazil, systematic use of lichens as biomonitors of environmental pollution is quite rare. In order to make an assessment of the air quality of the Mangabeiras' Park, this study was conducted by measuring the concentration of elements accumulated in the lichen thallus. This park, located in Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil), is the greatest green area in the city, and an apparent region of non polluted air. During the development of the study, epiphytic lichens of several species were collected using a steel stainless knife, taking samples of similar sizes from 1.5 m from the soil. The lichens selection was based on morphological similarities, such as color and type of the thallus. The elemental concentration determination was carried out applying the neutron activation technique, k0-standardization method, using the TRIGA Mark I IPR-R1 research reactor located at CDTN/CNEN. The lichen samples presented expressive concentrations of Ba, Fe, K, Na and Zn. However, the presence of other characteristic soil elements from the region, such as As, Th and U, suggests the influence of the mining activity area, located in the surroundings. (author)

  11. [Homicide clusters and drug traffic in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil from 1995 to 1999].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beato Filho, C C; Assunção, R M; Silva, B F; Marinho, F C; Reis, I A; Almeida, M C

    2001-01-01

    The article presents a spatial analysis of homicides in Belo Horizonte according to the Minas Gerais Military Police records from 1995 to 1999. The authors identify clusters of high mortality risk and relate them to areas with drug traffic and associated violence. SaTScan software is used to locate the clusters. PMID:11679891

  12. Determinant factors of toothache in 8- and 9-year-old schoolchildren, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

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    Eliane Paula Reis Barrêtto

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence, severity and impact of toothache among schoolchildren associated with socio-demographic variables (gender, degree of maternal schooling, economic group, and oral health status. Six hundred and one 8- and 9-year-old children were randomly selected from schools in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. After formal authorization was obtained from their parents, the children were interviewed and clinically examined by a single examiner. The Chi squared test was applied and the odds ratio obtained. The prevalence of toothache was 45.9% (276/601, of which 15.6% (94/601 had occurred during the previous month. Among the children who had experienced pain, 39.4% (109/276 classified its severity as intense or very intense. Nearly 35% (96/276 were awoken by the pain, and 63.8% (176/276 were unable to carry out daily tasks as a result. The prevalence of pain was greater among children from less privileged economic groups, in which the mothers' level of schooling was lower (0-7 years of formal study and who showed poorer conditions of oral health, determined by the presence of dental and periodontal pathology (p<0.05. Gender did not influence either the experience of toothache or its severity and impact. The prevalence of toothache found in the age group between 8 and 9 years is very high and associated to social determinants and poorer conditions of oral health.

  13. An econometric study of illegal electricity connections in the urban favelas of Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data from the project 'Conviver,' launched in 2006 in Belo Horizonte (Brazil), provides a unique opportunity to study illegal electricity connections. Based on an original dataset of 15,279 low-income households, this paper studies the incidence and determinants of illegality in the context of low-income urban favelas. The probability of engaging in illegal behavior is explained not just by low income, but by a combination of concurring factors: sub-standard energy provision and equipment; inefficient/incorrect use of domestic electric appliances and running an informal in-house business. These recurrent issues in the urban favelas aggravate a sense of exclusion from growth, which is generally recognized as a trigger of illegality. The impact of energy demand on energy-related illegality is carefully analyzed, and different empirical strategies adopted to circumvent some simultaneity problem between both decision processes. The effectiveness of consumption-based energy subsidies is also explored. In spite of some contrary arguments in the literature, in the context of peri-urban slums, such measures may exert a positive impact in mitigating illegal access and use of energy. Effectiveness will be enhanced by accompanying measures such as: perceivable improvements of equipment, metering and maintenance, promotion of beneficiaries' awareness of energy usage, and energy-saving behaviors.

  14. Dinâmica da institucionalização de idosos em Belo Horizonte, Brasil Dynamics of institutionalization of older adults in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    Flávio Chaimowicz

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O processo de envelhecimento populacional brasileiro tem sido acompanhado por transformações epidemiológicas e sociais que, em outros países, aumentaram a demanda por instituições de longa permanência. Nesse sentido, desenvolveu-se estudo sobre dinâmica da institucionalização de idosos através da análise da oferta de leitos e características demográficas dos residentes em asilos. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado levantamento dos asilos de idosos do Município de Belo Horizonte, MG. Foram registradas datas de nascimento e admissão de 1.128 residentes de 33 dos 40 asilos em funcionamento no município. A lotação foi calculada através da capacidade informada e da taxa de institucionalização, segundo dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD. RESULTADOS: As taxas de institucionalização de idosos (65+ do município foram 0,9% (mulheres e 0,3% (homens. A lotação mediana dos asilos era de 92%. Dentre os 1.128 residentes arrolados (92,5% do total, as mulheres (81% apresentavam maiores médias de idade (76,4 x 70,4 anos; p=0,00 e estada (5,6 x 4,5 anos; p=0,01. DISCUSSÃO/CONCLUSÕES: Elevada lotação, listas de espera nos asilos filantrópicos (85% do total e rígidos critérios para admissão (metade recusava idosos demenciados ou dependentes sugerem que a baixa taxa de institucionalização se deve à escassez de vagas. A predominância de idosas reflete a prevalência de viúvas ou separadas na comunidade (66% contra 76% de homens casados. A proporção de homens adultos (31% INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological and social changes related to population aging in Brazil will probably increase the need for nursing homes (NH. The study analyses the dynamics of institutionalization in Belo Horizonte, a 3 million inhabitant city of whom 8.0% are aged 60 or more. METHODS: Age and length of stay of 1,128 NH residents (92.5% of the estimated population was registered and occupancy and institutionalization rates were

  15. Factors associated with alcohol intake and alcohol abuse among women in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ísis Eloah Machado

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze factors associated with alcohol consumption among adult women living in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2011. Data for Belo Horizonte were obtained from the VIGITEL system (Telephone-Based Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases. Alcohol use was defined as self-reported intake of at least one dose in the previous 30 days; alcohol abuse was defined as four or more doses on at least one occasion during the same period. Polytomous logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with alcohol use and abuse. Alcohol use was more prevalent among women 25 to 34 years of age. Alcohol abuse was associated with age, schooling, health status, and smoking. The results suggest the need for policies to prevent alcohol abuse among women, especially targeting those who are younger, single, smokers, and with more education.

  16. Paleo magnetism of the Para de Minas mafic dike swarm, west of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preliminary paleo magnetic results from 64 oriented hand samples belonging to 20 un metamorphosed dikes from west of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais are presented. The paleo magnetic analysis showed a complex magnetic behavior after AF (alternating field) and thermal treatments, when stable but incoherent directions were disclosed by samples of many dikes. 40 Ar/39 Ar age determinations on these granulite are in progress in order to constrain the age of this component of magnetization. (author)

  17. Health assessment of raptors in triage in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D de A Andery

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Falconiformes (n=82, Strigiformes (n=84 and Cathartiformes (n=14 at a triage center (CETAS-Belo Horizonte, IBAMA, Brazil were examined between 2008 and 2010 . No bird was reactive at hemagglutination-inhibition (HI for antibodies against Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg. Two Caracara plancus (2/68 had HI titers (16-32 against Newcastle disease virus. No Chlamydophila psittaci DNA was detected in the liver (PCR; n=95. Blood smears (Giemsa; n=89 and spleen fragments (PCR; n=82 were 13.5% and 8.5% positive, respectively, for Haemoproteus only. Necropsy of Cathartiformes (n=10, Falconiformes (n=42 and Strigiformes (n=57 showed that trauma injuries were the main cause (63.3% of admission and death, being fractures (38.5% of the thoracic limbs (57.1% the most frequent. Nematode (12.8%, cestode (1.8%, trematode (0.9%, and acanthocephalan (2.7% parasite infections were relevant. Mites (Acari were the most frequent (17.4% external parasites, particularly Ornithonyssus sylviarum in Asio clamator and Amblyomma cajennense in Tyto alba. Chewing lice (10.1% and Pseudolynchia spp. (9.2% were also found. Histomonas spp. (6.4% was found in the ceca of Bubo virginianus, Athene cunicularia, Tyto alba, and Asio clamator, but not in Falconiformes or Cathartiformes. Trichomonas spp. (oral cavity, pharynx and upper esophagus; 9.1% was detected in Falconiformes and Strigiformes, but not in Cathartiformes. Trichomonas spp. were found in A. cunicularia, Asio clamator, Glaucidium brasilianum and Tyto alba (Strigiformes, and in Rupornis magnirostris, Milvago chimachima, Falco femoralis, Falco sparverius and Caracara plancus (Falconiformes. Coccidia (9.1% (Sarcocystis spp., 6.4% and mycosis were observed in most Tyto alba (70%. The evaluated Orders may not pose risks for commercial poultry production. Habitat loss and urban adaptation may be increasingly affecting raptors.

  18. Perfil dos consumidores de hortaliças minimamente processadas de Belo Horizonte Profile of minimally processed vegetable consumers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    Ronaldo Perez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O consumidor vem apresentando cada vez maior consciência na escolha de sua alimentação, porém com menor tempo disponível para preparar refeições saudáveis. Diante disso, o mercado de hortaliças minimamente processadas tem aumentado rapidamente, proporcionando o surgimento de produtos convenientes, ou seja, produtos frescos que podem ser preparados e consumidos em pouco tempo. Assim, neste trabalho estudou-se o comportamento de compra e o perfil dos consumidores de hortaliças minimamente processadas em supermercados de Belo Horizonte. Foram aplicados questionários aos consumidores de cinco estabelecimentos que vendiam hortaliças minimamente processadas (HMP e os entrevistados foram escolhidos aleatoriamente no momento das compras, durante o mês de novembro de 2004. Foram entrevistadas 246 pessoas, das quais apenas 23% consumiam HMP. Os principais motivos para consumir foram comodidade e praticidade (46%, pouco tempo para o preparo (21% das refeições e higiene (11% dos produtos, e para não consumir foram preço elevado (31,9%, gosta de preparar e/ou escolher (23% e desconfiança (17,8% dos produtos ofertados. Os maiores consumidores são as pessoas com maior escolaridade e nível de renda mais elevado. A sobrevalorização dos HMP em relação aos produtos comuns variou de 2,4 vezes (batata até 39,5 vezes (cenoura, sendo a média de sobrevalorização encontrada no mercado para as onze HMP de 10 vezes.Consumer's food consciousness has increased, however, time for preparing healthy food has decreased. Therefore, the market of minimally processed vegetable has increased rapidly, giving rise to the appearance of fresh products that can be prepared and consumed faster than conventional foods. Thus, the objective of this work was to establish the behavior and profile of minimally processed vegetable consumers in supermarkets of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Based on the answers to a survey, the consumers profile was

  19. Periodontitis in individuals with diabetes treated in the public health system of Belo Horizonte, Brazil Periodontite em indivíduos com diabetes atendidos no sistema de saúde público de Belo Horizonte, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Aline Mendes Silva; Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e; Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of periodontitis among individuals with diabetes who use the public health system in the city of Belo Horizonte-Minas Gerais, Brazil, and the association of this condition with socioeconomic, behavioral and clinical variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a calculated sample of 300 individuals with diabetes. Periodontitis was defined as clinical attachment loss (CAL) > 3 mm in two or more non-adja...

  20. Aflatoxin M1 in samples of "minas" cheese commercialized in the city of Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/Brazil Aflotoxina M1 em amostras de queijo "minas" comercializada na cidade de Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/ Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Guilherme PRADO; Marize Silva OLIVEIRA; Maria Lúcia PEREIRA; Fabiana Moreira ABRANTES; Luciana Gonçalves SANTOS; Thais VELOSO

    2000-01-01

    Milk products such as cheeses may be contaminated by aflatoxin M1 when dairy cattle have consumed feeds contaminated with aflatoxin B1. Samples of "Minas" cheeses (fresh, canastra and standard) were collected by the Inspection Service in the Mercado Central in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais - Brazil. A purified extract was obtained by extraction with dichloromethane followed by a washing with n-hexane and immunoaffinity column purification. The quantification of aflatoxin M1 was done by hi...

  1. The inclusion of disabled persons in the labor market in Belo horizonte, Brazil: scenario and perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves-Silva, Priscila; Prais, Fabiana Gomes; Silveira, Andréa Maria

    2015-08-01

    Even after the publication of Law 8213 in 1991, which established quotas for employing disabled persons, their inclusion in the workplace still presents a challenge for Brazilian society. In order to understand the main barriers that hamper this process a qualitative research study was conducted in the municipality of Belo Horizon-te. This study included interviews with important actors involved in the process of inclusion; and focus groups including disabled persons and members of their families. The main barriers encountered were: preconceived ideas and discrimination; family relationships; the Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC) program; the low level of qualifi-cation among disabled person; lack of access; and the unpreparedness of companies. It was concluded that drafting laws is not sufficient to guarantee inclusion in the labor market and that governments should implement public policies to assist in this process. PMID:26221820

  2. Geologic evolution of the SE.23 Sheet - Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to present a synthesis of the geologic evolution in the Belo Horizonte Sheet comprising an area about 281.210 Km2. Rb-Sr and K-Ar isotope dating methods are used for age estimation of geologic deposits. The geologic evolution of the cratonic area is reflected by a stable central nucleus surrounded by marginal orogenic belts. In the central area were recognized greenstone belts structures involved by granite terrains and bordered by a granulitic region. The framework of the Sao Francisco Craton involves events of metamorphism, granitogenesis, sedimentary, volcanism and plutonism developed in the Early to Late Proterozoic. The stratigraphic column is complemented by Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous continental deposits belonging to Parana-Basin. (M.V.M.)

  3. Investigation of the quality of the drug Enalapril commercialized by pharmacies of manipulation in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samples of Enalapril (C20H28N2O5), a drug largely used to treat hypertension commercialized in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were analysed applying the k0-method of neutron activation analysis (k0-INAA). Medicines prepared according to personalized medical prescription are called manipulated medicines. These analyses aimed at to obtaining complementary data about the quality of the manipulated Enalapril to a survey carried out by the State Health Surveillance Agency of Minas Gerais, Brazil and to determining the presence of impurities in order to perform a preliminary study of the heterogeneity of the samples from each pharmacy. Due to operational reasons, the institutes Centre for Development of Nuclear Technology/Brazilian Commission for Nuclear Energy in Brazil, and Jozef Stefan Institute in Slovenia analysed different set of samples. The results pointed out the presence of: Al, As, Au, Br, Ce, Cl, Co, Cr, Hf, La, Sb, Sc, Sm, Th and Zn. These elements may be originated from the raw material, imported from other countries. Elements such as Cl, Fe, K, Mg and Na could be expected in this kind of samples because they are normally present in the substances used as excipients in the preparation of the medicines. The results for the impurities through the analyses using k 0-INAA method can also be used to verify the heterogeneity of the capsules of the medicines contained in each bottle. (author)

  4. Retrospective study (1998-2001 on canine ehrlichiosis in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil Estudo retrospectivo (1998 a 2001 da erliquiose canina em Belo Horizonte

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    S.M. Moreira

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work describes a retrospective study of clinical cases of ehrlichiosis in dogs examined from March 1998 to September 2001. From the clinical records with laboratorial confirmation of Ehrlichia canis or E. platys infections, the following parameters were analyzed: demographic aspects (age, race, sex, period of the year and origin, clinical characteristics (body temperature, exposure to ticks and clinical signs, and hematological characteristics (blood cell counts and type of infected cell. A total of 194 clinical records were analyzed, from which 31 animals were infected with E. canis and 21 animals with E. platys. The number of cases of canine ehrlichiosis increased considerably from the year 2000 onwards, and 24.4% of the cases occurred in 13- to 24-month-old animals, in different urban and per-urban regions of the municipality of Belo Horizonte. The most frequent symptoms were fever, anorexia, apathy, abdominal pain, lymphadenopathy and dispnea. Regarding hematological alterations, 70.3% of the animals presented anemia, 50% presented thrombocytopenia and 30% leukopenia, and most E. canis morulae were seen in monocytes. The results point to the importance of canine ehrlichiosis, as 35.9% of the dogs with suspected hemoparasitic diseases were infected with Ehrlichia canis or E. platys.O presente trabalho descreve um estudo retrospectivo da casuística clínica de erliquiose em cães atendidos entre março de 1998 e setembro de 2001. Foram analisadas 194 fichas clínicas de animais com suspeita de hemoparasitoses, nas quais 31 cães foram diagnosticados com Ehrlichia canis e 21 com Ehrlichia platys, por meio de exame parasitológico direto de esfregaços sangüíneos. Foram considerados alguns aspectos demográficos (idade, raça, sexo, época do ano e região de origem, características clínicas (temperatura corporal, presença e/ou histórico de carrapatos e sinais clínicos e hematológicas (hemograma completo e célula parasitada

  5. Mortes perinatais evitáveis em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 Avoidable perinatal deaths in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999

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    Sônia Lansky

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Tendo em vista a elevada taxa de mortalidade perinatal em Belo Horizonte, foi realizado estudo dos 826 óbitos perinatais da coorte de nascimentos ocorridos no município em 1999, com análise da possibilidade de sua prevenção, utilizando-se o enfoque de evitabilidade de Wigglesworth. A taxa de mortalidade perinatal observada foi 20,2 por mil e o risco de morte perinatal foi vinte vezes maior para as crianças com baixo peso ao nascer. Cerca de um quarto das crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g e a asfixia intraparto foi a principal causa de óbito neste grupo. A causa anteparto contribuiu com 30% dos óbitos e 25% destas crianças tinham peso maior que 2.500g. Observou-se ainda a ocorrência de óbitos perinatais fora do hospital e óbitos de crianças cujas mães chegaram à maternidade já em período expulsivo. Cerca de 40% dos óbitos perinatais e 60% dos óbitos neonatais poderiam ter sido evitados. Estas mortes precoces sugerem falhas na assistência à gestante e ao recém-nascido no município, tanto no atendimento clínico como na organização da rede assistencial, sendo necessário avançar na qualificação e responsabilização dos serviços e do sistema de saúde como um todo sobre esta população.The perinatal mortality rate is still high in Belo Horizonte. This study investigated all 826 perinatal deaths taking place in 1999, focusing on the possibility of their prevention, using the Wigglesworth classification. The perinatal mortality rate was 20.2 per one thousand births, and the risk of perinatal death was 20 times higher in children with low birthweight. Some 24.6% of the children weighed more than 2,500g, and the main cause of death in this group was asphyxia during labor. The antepartum cause of death contributed to 30% of all deaths, and 25% of these children weighed more than 2,500g. Some deaths occurred out of hospital, and in some cases the mother arrived at hospital in end-stage labor. About 40% of all perinatal

  6. Distúrbios musculoesqueléticos em trabalhadores do setor saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Rose Elizabeth Cabral Barbosa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal que investigou a prevalência de distúrbios musculoesqueléticos e os fatores associados em uma amostra de 1.808 sujeitos do universo de 13.602 trabalhadores do sistema municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A prevalência foi avaliada com base no autorrelato de dor nos membros superiores, membros inferiores e dorso; a magnitude das associações foi estimada por meio da regressão de Poisson, em modelos univariados (p This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and associated factors in a sample of 1,808 workers (from a total of 13,602 in the municipal health system in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Prevalence was calculated according to self-reported pain in the upper or lower limbs and/or back, and size of associations was estimated by univariate (p < 0.20 and multivariate Poisson regression (p < 0.05. Musculoskeletal disorders showed a prevalence of 49.9% and were statistically associated with female gender, living with a partner, physical activity less than twice a week, self-reported common mental disorder, certain job positions (dentists, dental technicians, and community health workers, high physical demand, and inadequate working conditions. The results confirm the complexity of musculoskeletal disorders and suggest areas for development of health promotion programs in health services.

  7. Association of socioeconomic factors with body mass index, obesity, physical activity, and dietary factors in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: The BH Health Study

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Ward; Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche; Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa; Fernando Augusto Proietti; César Coelho Xavier; Diez Roux, Ana V

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Obesity prevalence is rapidly increasing in developing countries. Existing research investigating social patterning of obesity and its risk factors in Latin American urban contexts has inconsistent findings. This study analyzed a multistage household survey in adults in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Marginal models were used to examine the association of education and household and neighborhood income with body mass index (BMI), obesity, physical inactivity, and low fru...

  8. Evaluation of the diagnostic value of the tourniquet test in predicting severe dengue cases in a population from Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Alice Costa Antunes; Geancarlo Laporte Oliveira; Leidiane Ileila Nunes; Luiz Alberto Guedes Filho; Rafael Santos Prado; Hugo Rezende Henriques; Aristides Jose Carvalho Vieira

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Dengue is prevalent in many tropical and sub-tropical regions. The clinical diagnosis of dengue is still complex, and not much data are available. This work aimed at assessing the diagnostic accuracy of the tourniquet test in patients with suspected dengue infection and its positivity in different classifications of this disease as reported to the Information System for Notifiable Disease in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil between 2001 and 2006. Methods Cross-sect...

  9. Hepatitis C and hepatitis B virus infection in different hemodialysis units in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Busek Solange U

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence, virological and epidemilogical aspects of the hepatitis C virus (HCV and the hepatitis B virus (HBV infections vary among hemodialysis patients in different countries. Aiming at analyzing these aspects of HCV and HBV infections in hemodialysis patients in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, we studied three hemodialysis units including 434 patients. Serology was used to detect anti-HCV and HBsAg. Reverse trancriptase nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nested-PCR of the 5'-noncoding region was used to detect circulating HCV RNA and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for genotyping. Seroprevalence varied from 26.5% to 11.1% for hepatitis C and from 5.9% to 0% for hepatitis B. Risk factors observed for HBV and/or HCV infections were the number of patients per dialysis unit, duration of treatment, number of clinics attended, number of blood units transfused, and lower level scholarity. Alanine aminotransferase levels were altered with a higher frequency in HBV or HCV seropositive patients. Half of ten patients, negative for anti-HCV, had detectable viremia by RT-nested-PCR, indicating that this technique should be used to confirm infections in this group of patients. The HCV genotype 1 was the most frequently observed, followed by the genotype 2, but no correlation was detected between genotype and clinical or epidemiological data.

  10. Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dode, Adilza C., E-mail: adilzadode@terra.com.br [Minas Methodist University Center Izabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Municipal Government of Belo Horizonte, Municipal Health Department, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); MRE Engenharia (Electromagnetic Radiations Measurement-Engineering), Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Leao, Monica M.D., E-mail: monica@desa.ufmg.br [UFMG-Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais-Belo Horizonte, Environmental and Sanitary Engineering Department, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Tejo, Francisco de A.F. [UFCG-Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Center of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Academic Unit of Electrical Engineering, Paraiba State (Brazil); Gomes, Antonio C.R. [MRE Engenharia (Electromagnetic Radiations Measurement-Engineering), Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Dode, Daiana C. [MRE Engenharia (Electromagnetic Radiations Measurement-Engineering), Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medicine-Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Dode, Michael C. [MRE Engenharia (Electromagnetic Radiations Measurement-Engineering), Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Moreira, Cristina W.; Condessa, Vania A.; Albinatti, Claudia [Municipal Government of Belo Horizonte, Municipal Health Department, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil); Caiaffa, Waleska T. [UFMG-Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais-Belo Horizonte, Urban Health Observatory, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State (Brazil)

    2011-09-01

    Pollution caused by the electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of radio frequencies (RF) generated by the telecommunication system is one of the greatest environmental problems of the twentieth century. The purpose of this research was to verify the existence of a spatial correlation between base station (BS) clusters and cases of deaths by neoplasia in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, from 1996 to 2006 and to measure the human exposure levels to EMF where there is a major concentration of cellular telephone transmitter antennas. A descriptive spatial analysis of the BSs and the cases of death by neoplasia identified in the municipality was performed through an ecological-epidemiological approach, using georeferencing. The database employed in the survey was composed of three data banks: 1. death by neoplasia documented by the Health Municipal Department; 2. BSs documented in ANATEL ('Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes': 'Telecommunications National Agency'); and 3. census and demographic city population data obtained from official archives provided by IBGE ('Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica': 'Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics'). The results show that approximately 856 BSs were installed through December 2006. Most (39.60%) of the BSs were located in the 'Centro-Sul' ('Central-Southern') region of the municipality. Between 1996 and 2006, 7191 deaths by neoplasia occurred and within an area of 500 m from the BS, the mortality rate was 34.76 per 10,000 inhabitants. Outside of this area, a decrease in the number of deaths by neoplasia occurred. The greatest accumulated incidence was 5.83 per 1000 in the Central-Southern region and the lowest incidence was 2.05 per 1000 in the Barreiro region. During the environmental monitoring, the largest accumulated electric field measured was 12.4 V/m and the smallest was 0.4 V/m. The largest density power was 40.78 {mu

  11. Mortality by neoplasia and cellular telephone base stations in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pollution caused by the electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of radio frequencies (RF) generated by the telecommunication system is one of the greatest environmental problems of the twentieth century. The purpose of this research was to verify the existence of a spatial correlation between base station (BS) clusters and cases of deaths by neoplasia in the Belo Horizonte municipality, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, from 1996 to 2006 and to measure the human exposure levels to EMF where there is a major concentration of cellular telephone transmitter antennas. A descriptive spatial analysis of the BSs and the cases of death by neoplasia identified in the municipality was performed through an ecological-epidemiological approach, using georeferencing. The database employed in the survey was composed of three data banks: 1. death by neoplasia documented by the Health Municipal Department; 2. BSs documented in ANATEL ('Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes': 'Telecommunications National Agency'); and 3. census and demographic city population data obtained from official archives provided by IBGE ('Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica': 'Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics'). The results show that approximately 856 BSs were installed through December 2006. Most (39.60%) of the BSs were located in the 'Centro-Sul' ('Central-Southern') region of the municipality. Between 1996 and 2006, 7191 deaths by neoplasia occurred and within an area of 500 m from the BS, the mortality rate was 34.76 per 10,000 inhabitants. Outside of this area, a decrease in the number of deaths by neoplasia occurred. The greatest accumulated incidence was 5.83 per 1000 in the Central-Southern region and the lowest incidence was 2.05 per 1000 in the Barreiro region. During the environmental monitoring, the largest accumulated electric field measured was 12.4 V/m and the smallest was 0.4 V/m. The largest density power was 40.78 μW/cm2, and the smallest was 0.04 μW/cm2. - Highlights:

  12. Determinants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV prevalence in homosexual and bisexual men screened for admission to a cohort study of HIV negatives in Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Project Horizonte

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    Carneiro Mariângela

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Project Horizonte, an open cohort of homosexual and bisexual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 negative men, is a component of the AIDS Vaccine Program, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The objective of this study was to compare volunteers testing HIV positive at cohort entry with a sample of those who tested HIV negative in order to identify risk factors for prevalent HIV infection, in a population being screened for enrollment at Project Horizonte. A nested case-control study was conducted. HIV positive volunteers at entry (cases were matched by age and admission date to three HIV negative controls each. Selected variables used for the current analysis included demographic factors, sexual behavior and other risk factors for HIV infection. During the study period (1994-2001, among the 621 volunteers screened, 61 tested positive for HIV. Cases were matched to 183 HIV negative control subjects. After adjustments, the main risk factors associated with HIV infection were unprotected sex with an occasional partners, OR = 3.7 (CI 95% 1.3-10.6, receptive anal intercourse with an occasional partner, OR = 2.8 (95% CI 0.9-8.9 and belonging to the negro racial group, OR = 3.4 (CI 95% 1.1-11.9. These variables were associated with an increase in the risk of HIV infection among men who have sex with men at the screening for admission to an open HIV negative cohort.

  13. Resultados da assistência ao parto no Centro de Parto Normal Dr. David Capistrano da Costa Filho em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Results of childbirth care at a birthing center in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Sibylle Emilie Vogt Campos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A qualidade da assistência prestada em Centro de Parto Normal (CPN por enfermeira obstetra é amplamente questionada. Foi realizado um estudo descritivo e retrospectivo de 2.117 partos ocorridos entre janeiro de 2002 e julho 2003, no CPN Dr. David Capistrano da Costa Filho, em Belo Horizonte. Entre os principais resultados da assistência, destacam-se a taxa de transferência materna com 11,4%; a taxa de cesárea com 2,2%; a taxa de admissão em Centro de Tratamento Intensivo (CTI neonatal de 1,2%; e a taxa de Apgar This was a descriptive and retrospective study of 2,117 deliveries from January 2002 to July 2003 at the Dr. David Capistrano da Costa Filho Birthing Center in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Widespread questions have been raised concerning the quality of services provided at birthing centers by obstetric nurses. The results of the current study were: 11.4% maternal transfer rate; 2.2% cesarean sections; 1.2% neonatal ICU admissions; and 1% 5-minute Apgar scores below 7. Delivery dystocia and the request for epidural anesthesia were the main reasons for maternal transfer, and respiratory distress was the main cause of neonatal ICU admission. Corrected neonatal mortality was 2 per 1,000 live births. The results at this birthing center did not differ significantly from those in a review of the international literature. The most striking finding was the low cesarean rate. Comparative studies and more comprehensive national data on low-risk gestations are needed.

  14. Analysis of the physico-chemical quality Enalapril and Simvastatin drugs manipulated in magistral pharmacies from Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing expansion of compounding pharmacy associated with several reports on variances in the quality of compounded drugs demonstrates the need for verification of quality, safety and efficacy of these products. In this work, physical and chemical analyzes were performed to evaluate the quality of some capsules manipulated enalapril and simvastatin, acquired in five pharmacies in Belo Horizonte /Brazil. Among the analyzes are pharmacopoeial tests for appearance, identification, determination of weight, content, related compounds and uniformity of dosage units, and was also performed neutron activation analysis for the determination of inorganic impurities in drugs sampled. The results showed that 60% of the samples were unsatisfactory for pharmacopoeial tests. The contents of the capsules sampled for individual testing unit dose uniformity between 0% and 136.2%. This test is important in evaluating the quality, which influences the safety and efficacy of drug treatment, since it allows you to check if the product contains the proper dosage and necessary for successful pharmacotherapy. On the other hand, underdosing can lead to reduced or absent desired therapeutic response, and overdoses can provide an undesirable effects and even toxic. The concentration of inorganic impurities was considered to be relatively small. However, no specific limits for some chemical elements in medicine hamper a better thread. In addition, further studies must be performed to assess chronic exposure to low concentrations of inorganic impurities, since drugs can be continuously used, and other sources of exposure must also be considered in order to evaluate the risk. The problems related to the quality and safety of compounded drugs are still reality in the country and reveal a serious public health problem, especially regarding the lack of uniformity between the unit doses of medications. It is suggested that the competent authorities to sanitary products, propose changes in

  15. Aspectos históricos da visita de Marie Sklodowska Curie a Belo Horizonte

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    Cássius Klay Nascimento

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the year 2011 it is celebrated the Marie Sklodowska Curie Nobel Prize centenary and the International Year of Chemistry. However, it is not generally known that Marie Sklodowska Curie, one of the greatest scientists of all time, visited Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. She arrived by train at Belo Horizonte city on 16 August 1926, coming from Rio de Janeiro and accompanied by her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie. The scientists visited the Institute of Radium of Belo Horizonte. The approach in this work emphasizes the presence of Marie Sklodowska Curie in Belo Horizonte, exploring the admiration and respect that people had for her.

  16. Saúde bucal de idosos residentes em instituições de longa permanência de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Oral health among institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Raquel Conceição Ferreira

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo transversal descreveu a saúde bucal de idosos residentes em instituições de longa permanência de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Uma amostra de 335 idosos acima de 60 anos de idade foi aleatoriamente selecionada. Os dados foram coletados dos registros das instituições, por entrevista e exame clínico da cavidade bucal. Avaliaram-se a higiene bucal, a cárie dentária coronária e radicular e a doença periodontal. Foi observada placa bacteriana em 76% das superfícies dentárias e 57% dos idosos usuários de prótese total superior apresentaram placa em pelo menos uma das superfícies. O CPOD foi de 30,8, com predomínio do componente perdido (94,2% e 57,1% dos idosos apresentaram experiência de cárie radicular. A maioria dos idosos (78,2% apresentou como pior condição periodontal sextante nulo e 64,5% dos sextantes válidos apresentaram bolsa periodontal de 4mm a 5mm e 47% perda inserção de 4mm a 5mm (47%. A saúde bucal dos idosos é precária, representada por higiene bucal deficiente, alta experiência de cárie, acentuada perda dentária e presença de bolsa periodontal.This study assessed the oral health of the institutionalized elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A sample of 335 individuals over 60 years of age was randomly selected. Data were collected through interviews, review of medical records, and clinical examination by a single researcher. Oral health was evaluated in terms of oral hygiene, caries, and periodontal disease. Bacterial plaque was present on 76% of the dental surfaces, and 57% of the elderly using upper dentures presented plaque on at least one of its surfaces. DMF-T index was 30.8, with the missing component representing 94.2%. Missing sextant was the worst periodontal finding in 78.2% of the elderly. Among the valid sextants, there was a higher prevalence of 4 to 5mm periodontal pocket and attachment loss from 4 to 5mm (47%. According to the findings

  17. Prevalência de idosos restritos ao domicílio em região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brasil Prevalence of housebound elderly people in the urban region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Príscila Guedes Santana Ursine

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo estimar a prevalência e o perfil sociodemográfico e de saúde dos idosos restritos ao domicílio adscritos a uma unidade de saúde da família da região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais. Realizou-se inquérito domiciliar no período de maio a julho de 2006 com 275 idosos selecionados através de amostragem por conglomerados. Utilizou-se a suíte svy do aplicativo Stata 9.0 para lidar adequadamente com a estrutura amostral de conglomeração e permitir a incorporação das frações de expansão nas análises. Dos 275 idosos entrevistados, 22,4% (IC95%: 14,7; 32,4 eram restritos ao domicílio. A prevalência dessa condição foi maior entre as mulheres, entre os indivíduos com 80 anos ou mais e entre aqueles com suspeita de déficit cognitivo (p-valor The aim of this article is to estimate the prevalence and the socio-demographic and health profile of housebound elderly people registered at a Family Health Unit in the urban region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil. A household survey was conducted between May and July 2006 with 275 elderly people selected via cluster sampling. The svy suite of commands in Stata 9.0 was used to deal adequately with the cluster sample structure and to allow the incorporation of fractions of expansion in the analyses. Among the 275 elderly, 22.4% (IC95%: 14.7; 32.4 were restricted to their homes. The prevalence of this condition was greater among women, people over 80 and suspected of suffering from cognitive impairment (p-valor < 0.05. The majority of housebound people had incomes below the minimum wage, reported history of falls, depression and indicated physical disorders as the cause of the restriction. The large contingent of low-income housebound elderly with several health problems, reinforces the need for incorporation of proposals for promotion and vigilance of the health of the elderly, which extend beyond the boundaries of the healthcare units.

  18. Vai lá, tira a roupa... e... pronto...": o acesso a consultas ginecológicas em Belo Horizonte, MG El acceso a consultas ginecológicas en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil Access to gynecological consultations in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Eponina de Abreu e Torres

    2008-06-01

    de las mujeres ante la consulta, siendo mayor entre aquéllas con menor escolaridad. Se notó también que la primera consulta ginecológica ocurrió en momentos muy diferentes para las mujeres de alta y de baja escolaridad - para las primeras está generalmente relacionada con el inicio de la vida sexual y con el uso de contracepción, mientras que para las de menor escolaridad, el motivo suele estar ligado con la gravidez. Sin embargo, independientemente de la escolaridad, de la edad y de la frecuencia con que las entrevistadas buscan esta consulta, quedó evidente la gran importancia atribuida a ella.The present study focuses on gynecological consultations. It aims at investigating visits to gynecologists by women ages 18 to 59 living in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and their perceptions of the visit as a whole. The research was carried out in two stages. The first was a quantitative analysis using Grade of Membership (GoM, to define profiles of women who had been to a gynecologist in the 12 months prior to the research, compared to those who had not. The second stage consisted of a qualitative analysis of 33 semi-structured interviews with women whose characteristics are similar to the profiles defined in the first stage, in order to capture their perceptions regarding the visit. Quantitative data were obtained from the SRSR Project (Reproductive Health, Sexuality, and Race/Color, carried out by Cedeplar in 2002. The qualitative data were taken from the project entitled Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of Access to Contraception, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Uterine Cancer: a proposal for analysis in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, carried out in 2005 and 2006 by Cedeplar. The quantitative results suggest that having made a gynecological visit during the previous year is strongly correlated to the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of the women. Those who visit a gynecologist regularly and either pay for the appointment or have some

  19. [Equity in the health sector: evaluation of public policy in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 1993-1997].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junqueira, Virginia; Pessoto, Umberto Catarino; Kayano, Jorge; Nascimento, Paulo Roberto; Castro, Iracema Ester do Nascimento; Rocha, Jucilene Leite da; Terence, Marcelo Fernando; Boaretto, Roberta Cristina; Ibanhes, Lauro Cesar; Cortizo, Carlos Tato; Heimann, Luiza Sterman

    2002-01-01

    This article evaluates government measures to reduce inequity in the health sector in Belo Horizonte from 1993 to 1997. Our hypothesis is that a municipal administration committed to equity can reduce disparities in health with the support of the Unified National Health System (SUS). The methodology used an urban quality of life index in Belo Horizonte to detect social inequalities in living conditions, as well as differences between the component indices in the infant mortality rate. Other municipal measures were assessed according to the investment resulting from the implementation of a participatory local budget and open planning process. The urban quality of life index appeared to be an appropriate measure for orienting municipal administration. The infant mortality rate proved to be a good indicator for measuring inequality in health. There was a reduction in IMR and mortality reducing gaps in the districts studied. We observed greater investment of physical and financial resources in the districts with the lowest urban quality of life index, and it can thus be stated that the municipal administration reduced the prevailing inequalities. PMID:12118313

  20. Use of Geographic Information System Tools in Research on Neonatal Outcomes in a Maternity-School in Belo Horizonte - Brazil

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    Juliano de S. Gaspar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study proposes to evaluate the spatial distribution of the public obstetric care in the city of Belo Horizonte. It will also correlate the primary care units (PCU with the immediate neonatal outcomes of a maternity-school of Belo Horizonte, according to risk pregnancy and obstetric outcome. Method: Descriptive geographic-spatial research. This study analyzed a cohort of 2956 newborn who received care at birth in maternity-school, Hospital das Clinicas (HC of Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG between the January/2013 to July/2014. The gestational risk, the local of primary care unit (PCU of prenatal, immediate neonatal outcome was studied. The QGIS 2.4 open source software was used to generate thematic maps and analyses. Results: It was observed that among the 2083 births analyzed 1154 (55.4% were classified as high risk for maternal and 634 (30.4% with poor neonatal outcome, also, that has a concentration of women living in the northwest of the city to officially refer to their childbirth mothers in the maternity-school. In cases of high risk pregnancy and perinatal complications referencing also occurs from practically all other regions of the city. Discussion: The integration of hospital clinical and administrative data with cartographic databases, through through this study, was able to make clear the patterns of referencing for childbirth in maternity-school in high risk pregnancy. Despite the limitations of a descriptive study, the analysis makes clear that the choice of place of childbirth, exceeds the matters set out in government planning of emergency obstetric referencing by sanitary districts.

  1. Surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms: six-year experience in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil Tratamento cirúrgico dos aneurismas intracranianos: experiência de seis anos em Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

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    Leodante Batista da Costa Jr

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage accounts for 5 to 10 % of all strokes, with a worldwide incidence of 10.5 / 100000 person/year, varying in individual reports from 1.1 to 96 /100000 person/year. Angiographic and autopsy studies suggest that between 0.5% and 5% of the population have intracranial aneurysms. Approximately 30000 people suffer aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in the United States each year, and 60% die or are left permanently disabled. We report our experience in the surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms in a six year period, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. We reviewed the hospital files, surgical and out-patient notes of all patients operated on for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms from January 1997 to January 2003. Four hundred and seventy-seven patients were submitted to 525 craniotomies for treatment of 630 intracranial aneurysms. The majority of patients were female (72.1% in the fourth or fifth decade of life. Anterior circulation aneurysms were more common (94.4%. The most common location for the aneurysm was the middle cerebral artery bifurcation. The patients were followed by a period from 1 month to 5 years. The outcome was measured by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS. At discharge, 62.1% of the patients were classified as GOS 5, 13.9% as GOS 4, 8.7% as GOS 3, 1.7% as GOS 2 and 14.8% as GOS 1.A hemorragia subaracnóidea espontânea é responsável por cerca de 5 a 10% de todos os acidentes vasculares cerebrais, com uma incidência mundial de 10,5 / 100000 pessoas/ano, variando em estudos individuais de 1,1 a 96 / 100000 pessoas / ano, de acordo com diferenças étnicas e geográficas. Estudos angiográficos e de necropsia sugerem que a presença de aneurismas intracranianos ocorre em 0,5-5% da população mundial. De acordo com estatísticas norte-americanas, ocorrem cerca de 30000 rupturas de aneurisma cerebral por ano naquele país, com conseqüências desastrosas para grande parte dos pacientes

  2. Riscos dos exames radiográficos em recém-nascidos internados em um hospital público de Belo Horizonte, MG Risks of radiographic procedures for neonates admitted to a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

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    Marco Aurélio de Sousa Lacerda

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os objetivos deste trabalho são: a avaliar os procedimentos radiográficos e estimar o valor do kerma no ar na superfície de entrada nos recém-nascidos prematuros submetidos a exames de tórax e abdome, realizados no setor de neonatologia de um hospital público de Belo Horizonte; b estimar as doses nos órgãos e os respectivos riscos de ocorrência de câncer nesses órgãos em decorrência das exposições à radiação. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisados os prontuários dos pacientes internados no setor de neonatologia desse hospital durante o período de maio a setembro de 2004, anotando-se os dados antropométricos, data de internação/alta, exames de raios X realizados. O kerma no ar na superfície de entrada foi determinado a partir do rendimento do tubo de raios X e dos parâmetros de irradiação utilizados nos exames. As doses nos órgãos foram estimadas com o software PCXMC e o risco, durante o restante da expectativa de vida, com o software IREP. RESULTADOS: O valor médio do kerma no ar na superfície de entrada por exame foi abaixo do nível de referência da publicação da Comunidade Européia. Para o paciente mais severamente irradiado, os órgãos mais suscetíveis à ocorrência de câncer foram fígado, mama e estômago, com valores máximos de excess relative risk, respectivamente, de 3,4%, 2,3% e 1,7%. CONCLUSÃO: Foi constatada a necessidade de otimização dos procedimentos radiográficos com vista à diminuição do risco para os recém-nascidos, que apesar de ser considerado baixo (comparativamente ao benefício, deve ser sempre diminuído para valores tão baixos quanto razoavelmente exeqüíveis.OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at: a evaluating radiographic procedures and estimating entrance surface air kerma in preterm neonates submitted to chest and abdominal radiography at the unit of neonatology in a public hospital of Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; b estimating the dose to organs and

  3. Work ability and stress in a bus transportation company in Belo Horizonte, Brazil Avaliação da capacidade para o trabalho e estresse em uma empresa de transporte coletivo de Belo Horizonte, Brasil

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    Rosana Ferreira Sampaio

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Demographic, occupational and psychosocial characteristics affect the health and occupational performance of workers. The objective of the present study was to elaborate a profile of the work ability and factors that affect it in a bus transportation company in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The instruments used included a socio-demographic and occupational questionnaire, the Work Ability Index and the Job Stress Scale. Demographic information revealed that 85.7% of the 126 employees of the company were active workers, 98% were males, with an average of 39 years of age (SD= 10 and 79 months working in the company (SD= 68; more than half reported having a low schooling level. In terms of personal habits, 88% were exposed to one or more risk factors, especially a sedentary lifestyle. The average strain value (as a consequence of stress was 0.78 (SD= 0.2 and 75.3% reported episodes of violence at the workplace. The work ability was good to excellent among 89% of the workers. Results from the logistic regression analysis showed that strain was the only significant variable in relation to the Work Ability Index, (estimated odds ratio of 0.02. The results suggest that psychosocial factors presented the greatest association with work ability, and preventive and/or corrective measures should be implemented.Características demográficas, ocupacionais e psicossociais afetam a saúde e o desempenho dos trabalhadores. O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar um perfil da capacidade para o trabalho e fatores que a afetam em uma empresa de transporte coletivo de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Índice de Capacidade para o Trabalho, a Job Stress Scale e um questionário sociodemográfico e ocupacional. Dos 126 trabalhadores, 14,3% estavam aposentados ou afastados, todos por doença. Entre os ativos, a maioria era do sexo masculino (98%, com idade média de 39 anos (DP=10, baixa escolaridade (acima de 50% e tempo médio na empresa de 79 meses

  4. Bafômetro positivo: correlatos do comportamento de beber e dirigir na cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Alcoholímetro positivo: interrelación entre la conducta de beber y conducir en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Positive breathalyzer test: factors associated with drinking and driving in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Valdir Ribeiro Campos

    2013-01-01

    ímetro. Estudios localizados, con metodología de los puestos de control de alcoholemia, pueden supervisar el comportamiento y características de los conductores, los riesgos en el tráfico rodado y dirigir políticas públicas para evitar el alcohol y conducir de manera segura.Few researches in Brazil have focused on factors associated with drinking and driving. The current study presents data on the prevalence and characteristics of individuals that drive under the influence of alcohol (DUI in nine regions of the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A total of 1,656 drivers were interviewed, of whom 1,254 (76% agreed to answer a structured questionnaire and submit to the breathalyzer test. The breathalyzer test was positive in 15% of these drivers. The logistic regression model predicted 1.5 times higher odds of a positive breathalyzer test in drivers over 31 years of age and 4.5 times higher in individuals that reported at least weekly alcohol consumption. In addition, drivers in the Barreiro region showed two-fold odds of a positive breathalyzer test. Focused studies with sobriety checkpoints can monitor DUI behavior, drivers' characteristics, and traffic risks, meanwhile orienting public policies to prevent drinking and driving.

  5. Aflatoxin M1 in samples of "minas" cheese commercialized in the city of Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/Brazil Aflotoxina M1 em amostras de queijo "minas" comercializada na cidade de Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais/ Brasil

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    Guilherme PRADO

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Milk products such as cheeses may be contaminated by aflatoxin M1 when dairy cattle have consumed feeds contaminated with aflatoxin B1. Samples of "Minas" cheeses (fresh, canastra and standard were collected by the Inspection Service in the Mercado Central in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais - Brazil. A purified extract was obtained by extraction with dichloromethane followed by a washing with n-hexane and immunoaffinity column purification. The quantification of aflatoxin M1 was done by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC using a fluorescence detector. Recoveries were about 75%. In 56 of the 75 samples (74.7%, the presence of aflatoxin M1 was detected in concentrations ranging between 0.02 and 6.92ng/g of cheese. In the positive cases ( > or = 0.02ng/g the mean contamination level of aflatoxin M1 was 0.08ng/g in fresh cheese, 0.36ng/g in canastra cheese and 0.62ng/g in standard cheese. No aflatoxin M1 maximum tolerance level in cheese has been established in Brazil.Produtos derivados de leite, como queijo, podem estar contaminados com aflatoxina M1 quando o gado leiteiro consome ração contaminada com aflatoxina B1. Amostras de queijo "Minas" ( frescal, canastra e padrão foram coletados pela Vigilância Sanitária de Minas Gerais - Brasil. Foi obtido um extrato purificado através de extração com diclorometano, seguido de lavagem com n-hexano e purificação em coluna de imunoafinidade. A quantificação da aflatoxina M1 foi feita por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE usando detetor de fluorescência. Os valores de recuperação foram em torno de 75%. A presença de aflatoxina M1 foi detectada em 56 das 75 amostras (74,7% e a faixa de concentração observada foi 0,02 a 6,92ng/g de queijo. Dentre os valores positivos ( > ou = 0,02ng/g a média de contaminação de aflatoxina M1 foi 0,08ng/g para queijo frescal, 0,36ng/g para queijo canastra e 0,62ng/g para queijo padrão. O Brasil não apresenta nível de toler

  6. [Prevalence of frailty and associated factors in community-dwelling elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: data from the FIBRA study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Renata Alvarenga; Guerra, Ricardo Oliveira; Giacomin, Karla Cristina; Vasconcelos, Karina Simone de Souza; Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza; Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo; Dias, João Marcos Domingues; Dias, Rosângela Corrêa

    2013-08-01

    The prevalence of frailty varies greatly and has received insufficient attention in developing countries. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of frailty and associated factors among the elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Clinical, functional, and socio-demographic factors were analyzed. An ordinal regression model was used to verify conditions associated with frailty and to determine odds ratios ( α= 0.05). Prevalence rates were 46.3% for pre-frailty was 8.7% for weakness. Pre-frail and frail elderly, respectively, showed higher and increasing odds ratios for dependency in instrumental activities of daily living; restrictions in advanced activities of daily living; use of walking aids; comorbidities; falls; depressive symptoms; lower self-efficacy in preventing falls; hospitalization; and advanced age. The study identified a high percentage of frail states associated with higher odds of adverse health conditions, especially related to disability. PMID:24005928

  7. Epidemiological aspects of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in a periurban area of the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    V. M. A. Passos

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available In order to characterize the epidemiology of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL in a periurban area of the municipality of Sabará in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH, an area until then considered free of the disease, a cross sectional survey was undertaken in 1990. The survey of the population consisted of 1119 interviews and 881 clinical examinations using Montenegro's skin test (MST. A low prevalence (3.7% of positive MST was encountered. The disease had been occuring in the area for about 20 years in the form of sporadic cases. The predominant species of sandfly both in domestic areas and nearby areas of secondary vegetation was Lutzomyia whitmani. A canine survey of delayed hypersensitivity to the antigen P10,000 identified only one dog with a positive reaction out of 113 examined. The transmission of ACL in MRBH was confirmed. The occurrence of the disease in women, children and individuals with no contact with forest areas as well as the presence of potential vector species in the domiciliar environment, suggests the transmission of the disease in this environment.

  8. The everyday health of the young individuals of a popular neighborhood of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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    Horta, Natália de Cássia; Sena, Roseni Rosângela de

    2011-12-01

    The object of this study was the everyday health of young individuals considering that their experiences are not contemplated in the health actions. The objective is to analyze the juvenile lifestyles learning the meanings and senses of health in their everyday life. This is a qualitative investigation, founded on dialectics, based on everyday life sociology. This study was developed in a popular neighborhood of Belo Horizonte, and was structured into an exploratory and interpretative phase, with nineteen young individuals as subjects. Through hermeneutics and dialectics analysis, the thesis was confirmed. The health actions present in the young individuals' everyday life consider the resources and constitutive aspects of the juvenile condition, which is still poorly contemplated in the health area propositions. In the everyday life of the young indidivuals, there is an expressiveness of the lifestyles and juvenile condition in which health reveals for their well being and for the basic conditions to lead life. The prevalent health conception is centered on behaviors and corporeity. In order to promote juvenile health it is necessary to consider the juvenile lifestyles and interact with them on an everyday basis. Health care actions occupy a (in) visible space in the youngsters' lives and interact with their priorities in their experience of the juvenile condition. This study revealed the importance of proposing health care actions in the micro areas and in the territory in which this condition is expressed. PMID:22569653

  9. Perfil epidemiológico da população idosa de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil Perfíl epidemológico de la población de ancianos de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil Epidemiological profile of the elderly population in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

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    Meire Chucre Tannure

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva utilizando-se dados secundários da secretaria municipal de coordenação de política social de Belo Horizonte, cujo objetivo foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico da população idosa desta cidade. Os idosos de Belo Horizonte em 2000 representam 9,1% do total da população nela residente. Da população de idosos, 60,5% são mulheres e 39,4% são homens; 2,9% dos idosos apresentavam algum tipo de deficiência física, 16,4% alguma deficiência auditiva, 23,5% alguma dificuldade para enxergar, 24,1% alguma dificuldade para caminhar ou subir escadas e que 3,8% apresentavam problemas mentais. Concluiu-se que a parcela de pessoas idosas, fragilizada em Belo Horizonte era inferior à representada por aquela com boas condições de saúde. Envelhecimento não é sinônimo de incapacidade.Este es un estudio descriptivo de la utilización de los datos secundarios de la secretaría municipal para la coordinación de la política social en Belo Horizonte, cuyo propósito fue describir el perfil epidemiológico de la población de ancianos de esta ciudad. Las personas mayores en Belo Horizonte en 2000 representan el 9,1% del total de la población que reside en ella. Población de personas mayores, 60,5% son mujeres y el 39,4% son hombres, el 2,9% de las personas de edad tenían algún tipo de discapacidad física, 16,4% tiene la pérdida de la audición, 23,5% tienen dificultades para ver, 24,1% tienen dificultades para caminar o subir escaleras, y que el 3,8% tenía problemas mentales. Se concluyó que la proporción de personas de edad avanzada, debilitados en Belo Horizonte estuvo representada por menos de uno con una buena salud. El envejecimiento no es sinónimo de incapacidad.This is a descriptive study using the data side of the municipal secretariat for coordination of social policy in Belo Horizonte, whose purpose was to describe the epidemiological profile of elderly population of this city. The elderly in

  10. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from patients attending a public referral center for sexually transmitted diseases in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Ligia Maria Bedeschi Costa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates obtained from patients attending a public referral center for sexually transmitted diseases and specialized care services (STD/SCS in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Methods Between March 2011 and February 2012, 201 specimens of Neisseria gonorrhoeae were consecutively obtained from men with symptoms of urethritis and women with symptons of cervicitis or were obtained during their initial consultation. The strains were tested using the disk diffusion method, and the minimum inhibitory concentrations of azithromycin, cefixime, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, penicillin, tetracycline and spectinomycin were determined using the E-test. Results The specimens were 100% sensitive to cefixime, ceftriaxone and spectinomycin and exhibited resistances of 4.5% (9/201, 21.4% (43/201, 11.9% (24/201, 22.4% (45/201 and 32.3% (65/201 to azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, penicillin and tetracycline, respectively. Intermediate sensitivities of 17.9% (36/201, 4% (8/201, 16.9% (34/201, 71.1% (143/201 and 22.9% (46/201 were observed for azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, penicillin and tetracycline, respectively. The specimens had plasmid-mediated resistance to penicillin PPNG 14.5% (29/201 and tetracycline TRNG 11.5% (23/201. Conclusions The high percentage of detected resistance to penicillin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin indicates that these antibiotics are not appropriate for gonorrhea treatment at the Health Clinic and possibly in Belo Horizonte. The resistance and intermediate sensitivity of these isolates indicates that caution is recommended in the use of azithromycin and emphasizes the need to establish mechanisms for the surveillance of antimicrobial resistance for the effective control of gonorrhea.

  11. Aspectos históricos da visita de Marie Sklodowska Curie a Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Cássius Klay Nascimento; João Pedro Braga

    2011-01-01

    In the year 2011 it is celebrated the Marie Sklodowska Curie Nobel Prize centenary and the International Year of Chemistry. However, it is not generally known that Marie Sklodowska Curie, one of the greatest scientists of all time, visited Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. She arrived by train at Belo Horizonte city on 16 August 1926, coming from Rio de Janeiro and accompanied by her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie. The scientists visited the Institute of Radium of Belo Horizonte. Th...

  12. Antimicrobial resistance and serotyping of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from pediatric patients in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil Resistência antimicrobiana e sorotipagem de Streptococcus pneumoniae isolado de pacientes pediátricos em Belo Horizonte, MG

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    Ana Paula Gomes de Oliveira Magalhães

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Thirty one Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive strains were isolated from a pediatric population in Belo Horizonte from June, 1999 to May, 2001. Penicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline and chloramphenicol resistance rates for the isolates were 41.9, 58.1, 25.8 and 3.2%, respectively. Intermediate penicillin resistant (MICs between 0.1 and 1.0 µg/ml and resistant (MICs > 2.0 µg/ml isolates occured at rates of 38.7 and 3.2%, respectively. Resistance to erythromycin, ofloxacin, rifampin or vancomicyn was not detected. Ten S. pneumoniae serotypes (14, 5, 10 A, 6B, 15B, 18C, 6 A, 18 A, 19 A and 19 F were identified. Serotype 14 (12 out of 31 was predominant among the isolates. Penicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance was more common in 14 and 6B serotypes.Trinta e três linhagens invasivas do S. pneumoniae foram isoladas a partir de pacientes pediátricos em Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil, de junho de 1999 a maio de 2001. As taxas de resistência à penicilina, ao trimetoprim-sultametoxazol, tetraciclina e cloranfenicol foram respectivamente, 41, 9; 58,1 e 3,2%. A resistência intermediária à penicilina (MICs entre 0,1 e 1,0 µg/ml e resistência total (MICs>2.0 µg/ml ocorreram, respectivamente, nas porcentagens de 38,7 e 3,2%. Não foi detectada resistência à eritromicina, ofloxacin, rifampina e vancomicina. Foram identificados 9 sorotipos do S. pneumoniae (14, 5, 10 , 6B, 15B, 18C, 6 A, 18 19 A e 19F entre os isolados. O sorotipo 14 (12 de 31 foi predominate entre os isolados. A resistência à penicilina e ao trimetoprim-sulfametoxazol estava sempre associada aos sorotipos 14 e 6B.

  13. Variation in terminology: capoeira in Belo Horizonte

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    César Nardelli Cambraia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this pilot study we analyzed the variation in the terminology of capoeira in Belo Horizonte. The terms referring to 69 videotaped movements of capoeira were collected from 10 informants (5 men and 5 women, aged between 25 and 32 years, capoeira teachers. As a result we obtained 294 different terms whose patterns of variation are distributed among 15 types. We tested the hypothesis that the figurative terms tend to be replaced by non-figurative ones, and it was confirmed by the collected data. This trend was the result of a search for transparency in terminology, making the terms more descriptive in relation to capoeira’s movements.

  14. Information System and Geographic Information System Tools in the Data Analyses of the Control Program for Visceral Leishmaniases from 2006 to 2010 in the Sanitary District of Venda Nova, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Lara Saraiva; Camila Gonçalves Leite; Luiz Otávio Alves de Carvalho; José Dilermando Andrade Filho; Fernanda Carvalho de Menezes; Vanessa de Oliveira Pires Fiúza

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to report a brief history of control actions for Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) from 2006 to 2010 in the Sanitary District (DS) of Venda Nova, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, focusing on the use of information systems and Geographic Information System (GIS) tools. The analyses showed that the use of an automated database allied with geoprocessing tools may favor control measures of VL, especially with regard to the evaluation of control actions carried out. Descrip...

  15. Evaluation of radioprotection conditions and patient dose in thorax exams carried out in a public children's hospital in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We conducted a survey of the conditions of radiation protection, radiographic techniques, dose and risk for pediatric patients undergoing chest X-rays exams in a children's hospital in Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil. From a total of 125 chest exams (projections AP and PA) were noted the patient data (gender, weight, and age) and parameters of radiographic technique (kV, mAs and distance focus-skin). I was also evaluated the working procedures and the conditions of radiation protection. The values of input air kerma (Ka,e) and effective dose (E) were determined using the DoseCal software developed by Radiological Protection Center of Saint Georges's Hospital in London. With respect to the procedures and conditions for radiation protection, many aspects of Portaria 453 are not considered. The use of radiographic techniques with high values of mAs and low voltage values are not according with the quality criteria adopted by the European Community (EC). The values of Ka for patients aged 1 to 5 years varied between 51 μGy and 64 μGy, below the reference levels proposed by the EC. For patients over 5 years old, the values of Ka were substantially higher than those for other patients. The results allow to conclude that there is a need for optimization of the procedures adopted in order to reduce the dose and the risk to patients

  16. Transmitted human immunodeficiency virus-1 drug resistance in a cohort of men who have sex with men in Belo Horizonte, Brazil - 1996-2012

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    Unai Tupinambas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The presence of transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1 drug-resistance (TDR at the time of antiretroviral therapy initiation is associated with failure to achieve viral load (VL suppression. Here, we report TDR surveillance in a specific population of men who have sex with men (MSM in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. In this study, the rate of TDR was evaluated in 64 HIV-infected individuals from a cohort of MSM between 1996-June 2012. Fifty-four percent had a documented recent HIV infection, with a seroconversion time of less than 12 months. The median CD4+T lymphocyte count and VL were 531 cells/mm3and 17,746 copies/mL, respectively. Considering the surveillance drug resistance mutation criteria, nine (14.1% patients presented TDR, of which three (4.7%, five (7.8% and four (6.2% had protease inhibitors, resistant against nucleos(tide transcriptase inhibitors and against non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors mutations, respectively. Two of the patients had multi-drug-resistant HIV-1. The most prevalent viral subtype was B (44, 68.8%, followed by subtype F (11, 17.2%. This study shows that TDR may vary according to the population studied and it may be higher in clusters of MSM.

  17. Evaluation of the diagnostic value of the tourniquet test in predicting severe dengue cases in a population from Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Alice Costa Antunes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dengue is prevalent in many tropical and sub-tropical regions. The clinical diagnosis of dengue is still complex, and not much data are available. This work aimed at assessing the diagnostic accuracy of the tourniquet test in patients with suspected dengue infection and its positivity in different classifications of this disease as reported to the Information System for Notifiable Disease in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil between 2001 and 2006. Methods Cross-section analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of the tourniquet test for dengue, using IgM-anti-DENV ELISA as a gold standard. Results We selected 9,836 suspected cases, of which 41.1% were confirmed to be dengue. Classic dengue was present in 95.8%, dengue with complications in 2.5% and dengue hemorrhagic fever in 1.7%. The tourniquet test was positive in 16.9% of classic dengue cases, 61.7% of dengue cases with complications and 82.9% of cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever. The sensitivity and specificity of the tourniquet test were 19.1% and 86.4%, respectively. Conclusions A positive tourniquet test can be a valuable tool to support diagnosis of dengue where laboratory tests are not available. However, the absence of a positive test should not be read as the absence of infection. In addition, the tourniquet test was demonstrated to be an indicator of dengue severity.

  18. Didelphis marsupialis (common opossum): a potential reservoir host for zoonotic leishmaniasis in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schallig, Henk D F H; da Silva, Eduardo S; van der Meide, Wendy F; Schoone, Gerard J; Gontijo, Celia M F

    2007-01-01

    Identification of the zoonotic reservoir is important for leishmaniasis control program. A number of (wild) animal species may serve as reservoir hosts, including the opossum Didelphis marsupialis. A survey carried out in Didelphis specimens (n = 111) from the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, an important focus of human leishmaniasis in Brazil, is reported. All animals were serologically tested with indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT) and direct agglutination tests (DAT) based on L. (L.) donovani or L. (V.) braziliensis antigen. A sub-population (n = 20) was analyzed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of Leishmania-specific DNA. For species identification, PCR-positive samples were subjected to restriction enzyme fragment polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Depending on the sero-diagnostic test employed, the sero-prevalence varied between 8.1% (9/111 animals positive with DAT test based on L. braziliensis antigen) and 21.6% (24/111 animals positive with IFAT). Five out of 20 samples analyzed with PCR tested positive for the presence of Leishmania-specific DNA. RFLP analysis revealed that two samples contained L. braziliensis complex DNA, one contained L. donovani complex DNA, and two samples could not be typed with the methodology used. These data suggest a potential role for the opossum as a reservoir host for zoonotic leishmaniasis in the region. PMID:17767408

  19. Association of socioeconomic factors with body mass index, obesity, physical activity, and dietary factors in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: The BH Health Study

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    Julia Ward

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Obesity prevalence is rapidly increasing in developing countries. Existing research investigating social patterning of obesity and its risk factors in Latin American urban contexts has inconsistent findings. This study analyzed a multistage household survey in adults in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Marginal models were used to examine the association of education and household and neighborhood income with body mass index (BMI, obesity, physical inactivity, and low fruit and vegetable intake after adjusting for age and ethnicity and stratifying by sex. BMI and obesity were inversely associated with education in women. BMI was positively associated with household and neighborhood income in men. Additionally, physical inactivity and low fruit and vegetable intake were inversely associated with education and household income in both men and women, and physical inactivity was inversely associated with neighborhood income in men. Understanding the drivers of these patterns will allow for development of appropriate policy and interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in large cities in Latin America.

  20. Maxillofacial Injuries as Markers of Interpersonal Violence in Belo Horizonte-Brazil: Analysis of the Socio-Spatial Vulnerability of the Location of Victim’s Residences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Carlos José de Paula; Moura, Ana Clara Mourão; Paiva, Paula Cristina Pelli; Ferreira, Raquel Conceição; Silvestrini, Rafaella Almeida; Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte; de Paula, Liliam Pacheco Pinto; Naves, Marcelo Drummond; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze the spatial pattern of cases of maxillofacial injuries caused by interpersonal violence, based on the location of the victim’s residence, and to investigate the existence of conditions of socio-spatial vulnerability in these areas. This is a cross-sectional study, using the data of victims attended in three emergency hospitals in Belo Horizonte-Brazil between January 2008 and December 2010. Based on the process of spatial signature, the socio-spatial condition of the victims was identified according to data from census tracts. The spatial distribution trends of the addresses of victims were analyzed using Kernel maps and Ripley’s K function. Multicriteria analysis was used to analyze the territorial insertion of victims, using a combination of variables to obtain the degree of socio-spatial vulnerability. The residences of the victims were distributed in an aggregated manner in urban areas, with a confidence level of 99%. The highest densities were found in areas of unfavorable socioeconomic conditions and, to a lesser extent, areas with worse residential and neighborhood infrastructure. Spatial clusters of households formed in slums with a significant level of socio-spatial vulnerability. Explanations of the living conditions in segregated urban areas and analysis of the concentration of more vulnerable populations should be a priority in the development of public health and safety policies. PMID:26274320

  1. Temporal and Spatial Trends in Childhood Asthma-Related Hospitalizations in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil and Their Association with Social Vulnerability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Cláudia Silva; Dias, Maria Angélica Salles; Friche, Amélia Augusta de Lima; Almeida, Maria Cristina de Mattos; Viana, Thaís Claudino; Mingoti, Sueli Aparecida; Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Asthma is a multifactorial disease and a serious public health problem. Environmental factors and poverty are the main determinants of this disease. Objective: To describe the spatial and temporal distribution of asthma-related hospitalizations and identify the areas with the highest prevalence of and vulnerability to severe asthma in a major Brazilian city. Methods: An ecological study of hospitalizations for asthma from 2002 to 2012, in children and adolescents under 15 years of age, living in Belo Horizonte, Southeast Brazil. All events were geocoded by residence address using Hospital Information System data. The socioeconomic vulnerability of residence address was ranked using the Health Vulnerability Index. Raster surfaces were generated and time-series plots were constructed to determine spatial and time trends in the frequency of asthma-related hospitalizations, respectively. Results: Asthma-related hospitalization rates were highest in children aged 0–4 years and in boys. There was a decreasing trend in the number of asthma-related hospitalizations across the study period. Approximately 48% of all hospitalizations were children living in health vulnerable areas. Seasonal trends showed a hospitalization peak in March, April, and May, coinciding with the post-rainy period. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that social and environmental factors may be determinants of disparities in severe asthma. PMID:27420078

  2. [The influence of structural and organizational factors on the performance of primary health care in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, according to nurses and managers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turci, Maria Aparecida; Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda; Macinko, James

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of primary health care (PHC) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, using the Portuguese-language version of the Primary Health Care Assessment Tool among nurses and managers of family health teams. Total PHC score was 0.75 (good). The dimensions first contact (0.95), longitudinality (0.83), comprehensiveness (0.83), and coordination (0.78) performed the best. Family approach, community orientation, and access received the lowest scores (0.68, 0.56, and 0.45, respectively). Better PHC performance was associated with the following factors (p family health teams (PR = 1.44), a physician on duty for more than 30 hours per week (PR = 1.42), and presence of four or more teams per primary care unit (PR = 1.09). The results show the importance of structural and organizational factors for PHC performance and suggest that permanent evaluation can identify aspects that require quality improvement. PMID:26578018

  3. Traços identitários da enfermeira-gerente em hospitais privados de Belo Horizonte, Brasil The nurse manager's identity features in private hospitals of Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    Maria José Menezes Brito

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de compreender aspectos subjetivos do trabalho da enfermeira-gerente, buscou-se, por meio deste estudo, analisar os traços identitários da enfermeira-gerente no contexto de instituições hospitalares a partir do questionamento fundamentado na apresentação que os sujeitos fazem de si mesmos. Trata-se de um estudo de caso, com abordagem qualitativa, do qual participaram nove enfermeiras-gerente que atuam em quatro instituições hospitalares privadas de médio e grande porte, no município de Belo Horizonte. Os traços identitários foram organizados de acordo com os planos profissional, organizacional e individual, os quais abrangem: preservação e reforço de identidade social da enfermeira, a trajetória profissional como uma evolução da prática da assistência para o exercício da gerência, valorização da experiência prática e permanência em atividades ligadas à prestação da assistência direta ao paciente; identificação com a organização; e questões relativas à vida privada e auto-imagem positiva expressa pelas gerentes. O estudo permitiu a identificação de traços marcantes de um grupo profissional específico, evidenciando a influência das questões de gênero, das relações de poder e da cultura na identidade social dos sujeitos pesquisados.Aiming to understand subjective aspects of the work of nurse managers, this study analyzed their identity features in the context of hospital institutions. These were obtained through a questioning based on the introduction that the subjects make of themselves. It is a case study carried out according to the qualitative approach, in which nine nurse managers participated. They worked at four large- and medium-sized private hospitals in the city of Belo Horizonte. The identity features were organized in accordance with the professional, institutional and individual planes, which encompass: the preservation and reinforcement of the nurse's social identity

  4. GIS-based Analysis of Geo-Potentials for a Tropical Metropolitan Area: the Northern Periphery of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Hofmann, Monika

    2014-01-01

    For a sustainable, resource-protecting and participatory land use planning, an easily understandable visualization of geo-scientific factors is important, since only then these data can be accessed by a large group of decision makers and stake holders. The present study aims at supplying this information for the northern periphery of Belo Horizonte, which is under strong pressure of urbanization. In a base step, available geo-scientific data for the study area around the city of Lagoa...

  5. Tabagismo entre adolescentes e adultos jovens de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: influência do entorno familiar e grupo social Smoking among adolescents and young adults in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: the influence of family setting and social group

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    Mery Natali Silva Abreu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou estimar a prevalência de tabagismo entre jovens residentes em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, e avaliar possíveis fatores associados. Foram incluídas informações de 563 jovens entre 15-24 anos. Utilizou-se a base populacional do Inquérito Domiciliar sobre Comportamentos de Risco e Morbidade Referida de Doenças e Agravos não Transmissíveis, realizado pelo Instituto Nacional de Câncer (2002-2003. O documento contém dados sociodemográficos; atividade física; tabagismo e consumo de bebidas alcoólicas. Buscaram-se fatores associados ao tabagismo utilizando regressão logística, com entrada hierarquizada das variáveis no modelo e método de estimação GEE. A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 11,7%, e os fatores associados foram: consumo excessivo de álcool (OR = 20,6, idade (OR = 1,2; pai fumante (OR = 4,0, irmão fumante (OR = 2,5 e melhor amigo fumante (OR = 5,2. A prevalência de tabagismo em jovens de Belo Horizonte ainda é considerada alta, aumentando com idade, consumo de álcool e contato com familiares e amigos fumantes.The study aimed to estimate smoking prevalence in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and related risk factors among adolescents. We used data from the household survey conducted by the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (2002-2003. The following variables were analyzed: demographic data; physical activity; smoking; and alcohol consumption. The study included information on 630 adolescents (15-24 years of age living in Belo Horizonte. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out, with hierarchical entry of variables into the model and the generalized estimating equation (GEE method. Overall smoking prevalence was 11.7%. The following factors were associated with smoking: alcohol consumption (OR = 20.6, older age (OR = 1.2, paternal smoking (OR = 4.0, sibling smoker (OR = 2.5, and best friend smoker (OR = 5.2. Smoking prevalence among adolescents was high

  6. INAA and ICP-MSHS: Metal pollutants in fish tissues Nile tilapia (Oreochromic niloticus) in Pampulha Lake, Belo Horizonte city, Minas, Gerais State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intense mining activities in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Iron Quadrangle, the central region of Minas Gerais State- Brazil, has important mineral reserves of Fe (the World's second largest iron ore producer), Mn, Cu, Sb, As, Au, Al, and U. The intense mining activities in Minas Gerais State throw out tons of waste in the open air, water, sediment and soil. The considerable accumulated concentrations of heavy metals and toxic elements penetrate the soil, underground waters, rivers, and lakes jeopardizing the environment quality. A great amount of heavy metals enter Pampulha Reservoir via it's main tributaries (Sarandi and Ressaca). Although no water quality classification has been carried out for these tributaries, the reservoir is expected to be in class 2 of the CONAMA-86 system. The Pampulha Lake is a depth of 8 m and an area of 43 km2, in a hot, humid climate with a summer rainy season, >18 degree C in the coldest months. A great number of persons use the water for fishing and swimming in the contaminated water. The figure l localizes the Pampulha Lake in Brazil. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis, INAA, and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry-High Resolution, ICP-MSHR, were applied to determine Al, As, B, Ba, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, P, Pb, Rb, Zn and Ti. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis - INAA is based in a simultaneous irradiation compareson between standard and studied samples in a nuclear reactor. The irradiation characteristics are chosen to determine the isotopes in the best conditions. In this work the INAA, was applied using the TRIGA MARK I IPR - Rl reactor at the Nuclear Technology Development Center from the National Committee of Nuclear Energy (CDTN/CNEN), in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. At 100 kW of potency the flux of neutrons is 6.6 1011 ri.cm-2.s-l. After the necessary decay time for the interfering radioisotopes, the gamma spectrometry was applied in the high-purity germanium (HPGe

  7. Início da terapia anti-retroviral em estágio avançado de imunodeficiência entre indivíduos portadores de HIV/AIDS em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients with severe immunodeficiency in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    José Roberto Maggi Fernandes

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a proporção de início tardio da terapia anti-retroviral (TARV e seus fatores associados. Estudo de corte transversal com pacientes de dois serviços públicos de referência (n = 310 em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Atraso no início da TARV foi definido como ter contagem de linfócitos T CD4+ The main objective was to assess the proportion of delayed initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART and associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study of 310 patients enrolled in two public health centers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Delayed ART initiation was defined as starting treatment with a CD4 count lower than 200 cells/mm³ or clinical symptoms of severe immunodepression at the time of first antiretroviral prescription. The majority of participants were males (63.9%, had no health insurance (76.1%, and started ART less than 120 days after the first medical visit (75.2%. The proportion of delayed ART initiation was 68.4%. Unemployment, referral by a health professional for HIV testing, fewer than two medical visits in the six months prior to ART initiation, and time between first medical visit and ART initiation less than 120 days were independently associated with the outcome. Our results suggest that every patient 13 to 64 years of age should be offered HIV testing, which could increase the rate of early HIV diagnosis, and thus patients that tested positive could benefit from timely follow-up and antiretroviral therapy.

  8. Serviços de atenção domiciliar na saúde suplementar e a inserção da enfermagem em Belo Horizonte/MG Servicios de atención domiciliaria en la salud suplementaria y la inserción de la enfermería en Belo Horizonte/MG Supplementary home health care services and the inclusion of nursing in Belo Horizonte/Minas Gerais (Brazil

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    Kênia Lara Silva

    2012-01-01

    a la transición tecnológica por el establecimiento de nuevas formas de cuidado en el domicilio.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate modalities of home care services, discussing the inclusion of nursing. METHODS: A qualitative case study conducted with four health plan providers in the city of Belo Horizonte / Minas Gerais (Brazil. Data were obtained from interviews and case management. RESULTS: The home care services are grouped into three modalities: long-term care at home; temporary care at home; and, use of intensive technologies and care. In these modalities, nurses assume care actions, management of the care, and qualifying the care through the appropriate use of soft technologies. There is a trend towards outsourcing of nursing services to home care. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of the work of nurses in home care modalities represents both a component of cost reduction and contributes to the technological transition by establishing new forms of care at home.

  9. Sexually transmitted diseases in homosexual and bisexual males from a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus negative volunteers (Project Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    L Lignani Jr

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Sexually transmitted diseases (STD are very frequent in the whole world. Males who do not use a condom during their sexual relations are at great risk. We report cases of STD during six months of observation, among homosexual/bisexual males who participate in the Project Horizonte. There were 16 cases of genital warts, 6 cases of human immunodeficiency virus infection, 24 cases of unspecific urethritis, 28 cases of herpes simplex virus infection, 30 cases of syphilis, 58 cases of gonorrhea and 84 cases of pediculosis. We concluded that a condom must be used in all sexual relations and new counseling techniques are needed, to avoid this situation.

  10. A fala de adolescentes marginais em Belo Horizonte

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    Vera Lúcia Menezes de Oliveira Paiva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Th1s paper discusses some research resulta on sex differences ln the speech of homeless adolescents ln Belo Horizonte. The study showed that male speakers use more standard forms than female speakers, although the inicial hypothesis predicted that groups with a great many characteristics ln common would present little d1fferences concerning prestige forms.

  11. Esquistossomose: nova ocorrência de Biomphalaria straminea em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Schistosomiasis: new occurrence of Biomphalaria straminea in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

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    Cecília Pereira de Souza

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, a Biomphalaria straminea é encontrada na região da Pampulha. Recentemente, o molusco foi encontrado em valas da antiga Barragem de Santa Lúcia, foco extinto de esquistossomose transmitida por B. glabrata. Os moluscos foram coletados e examinados para verificar se estavam naturalmente infectados com Schistosoma mansoni. Os exemplares negativos foram usados para criação ou infecção com a cepa LE de S. mansoni, mantida no laboratório, e outra cepa VGS, obtida de ovos de fezes de escolar de Belo Horizonte. Dentre 1.890 moluscos capturados em 1994 e 1995, nenhum estava infectado com S. mansoni. Dentre 87 exemplares coletados no criadouro e expostos à cepa LE, nove (10,3% eliminaram cercárias; dentre 83 moluscos da F1, dez (12,0% eliminaram cercárias e dentre 88 exemplares coletados e expostos à cepa VGS, dez (11,3% eliminaram cercárias. Em Belo Horizonte, a esquistossomose é transmitida por B. glabrata e B. tenagophila. Entretanto, atualmente existe o risco de aparecimento de novo foco, no qual a B. straminea poderá vir a ser a transmissora, se medidas profiláticas adequadas não forem tomadas pelas autoridades responsáveis pela construção de um parque e lago no local.In Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, the snail Biomphalaria straminea was found in the Pampulha region. Recently the snail was found in ditches in the old Santa Lúcia Reservoir, a now-extinct focus of schistosomiasis transmission by B. glabrata. The snails were collected and examined to verify whether they were naturally infected with Schistosoma mansoni. Negative specimens were used for breeding or infection with the LE strain of S. mansoni from the laboratory and another strain obtained from eggs found in the feces of a schoolchild (VGS from Belo Horizonte. Among the 1890 snails collected from 1994 to 1995, none were infected with S. mansoni. Among 87 snails collected and exposed to the LE strain, 9 (10.3% shed cercariae

  12. Information system and geographic information system tools in the data analyses of the control program for visceral leishmaniases from 2006 to 2010 in the sanitary district of venda nova, belo horizonte, minas gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraiva, Lara; Leite, Camila Gonçalves; de Carvalho, Luiz Otávio Alves; Andrade Filho, José Dilermando; de Menezes, Fernanda Carvalho; Fiúza, Vanessa de Oliveira Pires

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to report a brief history of control actions for Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) from 2006 to 2010 in the Sanitary District (DS) of Venda Nova, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, focusing on the use of information systems and Geographic Information System (GIS) tools. The analyses showed that the use of an automated database allied with geoprocessing tools may favor control measures of VL, especially with regard to the evaluation of control actions carried out. Descriptive analyses of control measures allowed to evaluating that the information system and GIS tools promoted greater efficiency in making decisions and planning activities. These analyses also pointed to the necessity of new approaches to the control of VL in large urban centers. PMID:22518168

  13. Information System and Geographic Information System Tools in the Data Analyses of the Control Program for Visceral Leishmaniases from 2006 to 2010 in the Sanitary District of Venda Nova, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Lara Saraiva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to report a brief history of control actions for Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL from 2006 to 2010 in the Sanitary District (DS of Venda Nova, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, focusing on the use of information systems and Geographic Information System (GIS tools. The analyses showed that the use of an automated database allied with geoprocessing tools may favor control measures of VL, especially with regard to the evaluation of control actions carried out. Descriptive analyses of control measures allowed to evaluating that the information system and GIS tools promoted greater efficiency in making decisions and planning activities. These analyses also pointed to the necessity of new approaches to the control of VL in large urban centers.

  14. Wheezy Child Program: The Experience of the Belo Horizonte Pediatric Asthma Management Program

    OpenAIRE

    Lasmar, Laura; Fontes, Maria Jussara; Mohallen, Maria Teresa; Fonseca, Ana Cristina; Camargos, Paulo

    2009-01-01

    Background Until 1994, assistance provided by the Municipal Public Health System to children with asthma in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was ineffective because it focused only on treating exacerbations. This scenario motivated the implementation of the Wheezy Child Program. Objectives The main objectives were to reduce emergency room visits and hospitalizations. Methods The strategies adopted were as follows: continued medical education for pediatricians, reorganization of public assistance into ...

  15. Prevalência da maloclusão e necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico em escolares de 10 a 14 anos de idade em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: enfoque psicossocial Malocclusion prevalence and orthodontic treatment need in 10-14-year-old schoolchildren in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: a psychosocial focus

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    Leandro Silva Marques

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste estudo transversal foram determinar a prevalência da maloclusão e verificar a associação entre necessidade normativa de tratamento ortodôntico e determinados aspectos psicossociais. A amostra (n = 333 foi representativa de todos os adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos de idade, residentes em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A variável dependente "necessidade normativa de tratamento ortodôntico" foi avaliada por intermédio do Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI, e as variáveis independentes (gênero, idade, escolaridade da mãe, nível econômico, percepção dos pais quanto à estética bucal e necessidade de tratamento dos filhos e desejo de tratamento pelos adolescentes, mediante questionários. Foram realizadas análises descritiva, univariada e de regressão logística múltipla (Stepwise Forward Procedure, adotando-se o nível de significância p The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to assess the prevalence of malocclusion and to verify the association between normative orthodontic treatment need and certain psychosocial aspects. The sample (n = 333 was representative of the population of adolescents (10-14 years in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The dependent variable "normative orthodontic treatment need" was evaluated through the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI and the independent variables (gender, age, mother's schooling, economic status, parent's perception of the child's oral aesthetics, parent's perception of the child's orthodontic treatment need, and the adolescent's desire for orthodontic treatment were evaluated through questionnaires. Descriptive, bivariate, and logistic regression (stepwise forward procedure, p ¾ 0.05 analyses were performed. Malocclusion prevalence was 62.0% and normative orthodontic treatment need was 52.2%. The variables adolescent's orthodontic treatment desire and parents' perception of the child's oral aesthetics were significantly associated with normative orthodontic

  16. Uso de anti-hipertensivos e antidiabéticos por idosos: inquérito em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Use of anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetic drugs by the elderly: a survey in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Mônica de Fátima Gontijo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação com efeitos prejudiciais do uso de medicamentos por idosos tem motivado estudos com o objetivo de identificar problemas nessa utilização. Realizou-se um inquérito domiciliar entre aposentados, com idade > 60 anos, residentes em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil (2003, que declararam ter diabetes ou hipertensão arterial. A qualidade do uso de medicamentos anti-hipertensivos e antidiabéticos foi avaliada com base em redundância, associações medicamentosas e fármacos inapropriados. Entre os 283 (89% idosos autodeclarados hipertensos, em uso de farmacoterapia, 68,2% utilizavam diuréticos, e 37,8% utilizavam IECA. Entre os 22 (64,7% autodeclarados diabéticos sob farmacoterapia, 45,5% utilizavam insulina, e 77,3%, antidiabéticos orais. Entre os 89 autodeclarados diabéticos hipertensos, 80 (90% utilizavam anti-hipertensivos, e 51 (57,3%, antidiabéticos. Observou-se o uso de associações medicamentosas, medicamentos redundantes ou inadequados, o que indica a necessidade de seguimento de protocolos terapêuticos e maior atenção à saúde dos pacientes idosos.Concern over the harmful effects of drug use by the elderly has motivated studies aimed at identifying problems in such utilization. This was a household survey with retirees aged > 60 years living in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2003, who reported having a diagnosis of diabetes and/or hypertension. Quality of anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetic medication was measured by redundancy, combinations of drugs, and inappropriate drugs. Among 283 elderly patients (89% with self-reported hypertension and use of anti-hypertensive pharmacotherapy, 68.2% were using diuretics and 37.8% ACE inhibitors. Among the 22 (64.7% self-reported diabetic patients under pharmacotherapy, 45.5% were using insulin and 77.3% oral anti-diabetic agents. Among the 89 self-reported diabetic and hypertensive patients, 80 (90% were using anti-hypertensive drugs and 51 (57.3% anti

  17. Prevalence of nits and lice in sampls of cut hair from floors of barbershop and beauty parlors in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state, Brazil Prevalência de lêndeas e piolhos em amostras de cabelo recolhidas do chão de barbearias e salões de beleza em Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil

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    Pedro Marcos Linardi

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available A louse survey based on samples of cut hair collected from floors of barbershops and beauty parlors was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, from October 1984 to April 1985, as an alternative way to determine the prevalence of pediculosis capitis in the population. Of 475 samples examined for nits, nymphs, or adults of Pediculus capitis, 140 were infested (29.5%. A total of 58 lice and 3.553 nits were found in 33.632.9 g of hair collected, giving a ratio of 0.10 nit/g. Almost 29% of the nits were viable and capable of being transmitted after hatching. There was significant difference among the infestation rates by socioeconomic levels, and samples from barbershops with male customers were the most infested. based upon the number of haircuts in each sample, we estimated that 5 or 6% of the population might be infested by this species.Foi realizado um estudo de piolhos em amostras de cabelo recolhidas do chão de barbearias e salões de beleza de Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, no período de outubro de 1984 a abril de 1985, como um meio alternativo para se determinar a prevalência da pediculose do couro cabeludo junto a população. Das 475 amostras examinadas em relação a presença de lêndeas, ninfas ou adultos de Pediculus capitis, 140 estavam infestadas (29,5%. Um total de 58 piolhos e 3.553 lêndeas foi encontrado em 33.632,9 g de cabelo coletado, correspondendo a uma relação de 0,10 lêndea/grama. Quase 29% das lêndeas eram viáveis e capazes de serem transmitidas após eclosão. Houve uma diferença significativa da infestação por níveis sócio-econômico, assim como as amostras procedentes de salões masculinos foram as que se apresentaram mais infestadas. Considerando o número de cortes de cabelo por amostra, estima-se que 5 ou 6% da população poderia estar infestada por esta espécie.

  18. Mortes perinatais e avaliação da assistência ao parto em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1999 Perinatal deaths and childbirth healthcare evaluation in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999

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    Sônia Lansky

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a associação entre a morte perinatal e o processo de assistência hospitalar ao parto, considerando-se que grande parte das mortes perinatais pode ser prevenível pela atenção qualificada de saúde e que a avaliação da qualidade da assistência perinatal ao parto é necessária para a redução da morbi-mortalidade perinatal. Realizou-se estudo caso-controle de base populacional dos óbitos perinatais (n = 118 e nascimentos (n = 492, ocorridos em maternidades do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Sexo masculino, prematuridade, doenças na gravidez, baixo peso ao nascer, doenças do recém-nascido, não realização de pré-natal, não utilização de partograma e menos de uma avaliação fetal por hora durante o trabalho de parto apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o óbito perinatal. No modelo de regressão logística múltipla, não utilização do partograma durante o trabalho de parto e tipo de maternidade apresentaram-se como fatores de risco independentes para a morte perinatal. O estudo indica que é deficiente a qualidade da assistência hospitalar ao parto e que aspectos da estrutura dos serviços e do processo de assistência relacionam-se com a mortalidade perinatal por causas evitáveis.This paper analyzes the association between perinatal mortality and factors related to hospital care during labor, considering that healthcare assessment is needed in order to reduce perinatal mortality. A population-based case-control study was conducted with 118 perinatal deaths (cases and 492 births (controls that took place in maternity hospitals of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Male sex, prematurity, diseases during pregnancy, low birth weight, newborn diseases, lack of prenatal care, lack of partograph use during labor, and less than one fetus assessment per hour during labor were significantly associated

  19. Triagem auditiva em hospital público de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: deficiência auditiva e seus fatores de risco em neonatos e lactentes Hearing screening in a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: hearing impairment and risk factors in neonates and infants

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    Luciana Oliveira Tiensoli

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi estimar a prevalência de deficiência auditiva em crianças de hospital público de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, e investigar sua associação com fatores de risco descritos na literatura. O estudo transversal, retrospectivo, analisou 798 neonatos e lactentes, avaliados no Programa de Triagem Auditiva Neonatal Universal entre junho de 2002 e dezembro de 2003. Foram pesquisados os fatores de risco estabelecidos pelo Joint Committee on Infant Hearing em 1994, e por Azevedo em 1996, além da prematuridade. A prevalência de deficiência auditiva foi de 1,8% (15 casos. Foi realizada análise multivariada por regressão logística para verificação da associação entre fatores de risco e perda auditiva, que revelou associação estatisticamente significativa (valor p The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in children in a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and to investigate the association with risk factors described in the literature. This study was cross-sectional and retrospective and analyzed 798 newborns and infants evaluated in the Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program from June 2002 to December 2003. The risk factors established by the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing in 1994 and Azevedo in 1996 were studied, besides prematurity. Prevalence of hearing impairment was 1.8% (15 cases. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to verify associations between risk factors and hearing impairment, showing a significant statistical association (p < 0.05 between hearing loss and suspicion of hearing loss by relatives, hyperbilirubinemia (serum level requiring exchange transfusion, ototoxic drugs, and low birth weight. A significant prevalence of hearing impairment in neonates and infants was confirmed. Attention should thus be focused on risk factors for hearing impairment, using hearing programs that ensure prevention, early

  20. Avaliação da aplicação do protocolo de triagem pré-natal para toxoplasmose em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: estudo transversal em puérperas de duas maternidades Evaluation of prenatal screening for toxoplasmosis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: a cross-sectional study of postpartum women in two maternity hospitals

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    Ericka Viana Machado Carellos

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado estudo transversal, em duas maternidades públicas de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, com entrevista de 420 puérperas, de agosto de 2004 a maio de 2005, para avaliar a aplicação do protocolo de triagem pré-natal para toxoplasmose implantado, e as orientações oferecidas às gestantes suscetíveis. A cobertura do pré-natal foi de 98%, e da primeira triagem sorológica de 97%. O início do pré-natal e a realização da primeira sorologia ocorreram em média com 16 semanas. Foram identificadas 163 gestantes suscetíveis à toxoplasmose: 44% não repetiram a sorologia, e 42% alegaram não ter recebido orientações para prevenção da toxoplasmose. O início precoce do pré-natal e um maior número de consultas foram associados à repetição da sorologia e ao recebimento de orientações. As informações oferecidas foram: evitar contato com gatos (95%, não ingerir ou manipular carne crua (70% e lavar cuidadosamente as hortaliças (53%. Concluiu-se que a adesão inadequada ao protocolo de triagem pré-natal de toxoplasmose encontrada no estudo pode gerar gastos financeiros sem melhoria na qualidade do cuidado perinatal.This cross-sectional study of 420 women in two public maternity hospitals from August 2004 to May 2005 evaluated the application of a prenatal toxoplasmosis serological screening protocol in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, and the information provided to susceptible pregnant women. Ninety-eight percent of women received prenatal care and 97% underwent the initial serological screening test, at an average of 16 weeks gestational age. The initial testing identified 163 women as susceptible to toxoplasmosis: 44% of these did not undergo repeat serological testing, and 42% of them did not remember having received information on the prevention of toxoplasmosis infection. Early prenatal care and a high number of prenatal visits were associated with repeat serological testing and orientation regarding

  1. [Determinants of food and nutrition insecurity: a study conducted in Low-budget Restaurants in Belo Horizonte in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobrinho, Fernanda Martins; Silva, Yara Cardoso; Abreu, Mery Natali Silva; Pereira, Simone Cardoso Lisboa; Dias Júnior, Cláudio Santiago

    2014-05-01

    The scope of this study is to evaluate the condition of household food and nutrition (in)security (IAN) of the users of low-budget restaurants in Belo Horizonte (BH). This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out on all low-budget restaurants and cafeteria in BH with a sample of 1613 users. The IAN was assessed using the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale and cross-checked with the socioeconomic profile of the users. The Chisquare and Mann-Whitney tests were applied. All p-value affected are those who admit to having different kinds of wants and needs, and those for whom price and living alone are the main reasons for frequenting low-budget restaurants. The factors affecting the IAN are varied and multifactorial, thus representing a major challenge for public policy makers and for those who live directly with these dietary restrictions. The low-budget restaurants serve as a strategy for promoting healthy eating habits. PMID:24897225

  2. Risk Factors for tuberculosis among human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons. A case-control study in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil (1985-1996

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    Antonio Carlos de Castro Toledo Jr.

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify tuberculosis risk factors and possible surrogate markers among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-infected persons. A retrospective case-control study was carried out at the HIV outpatient clinic of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais in Belo Horizonte. We reviewed the demographic, social-economical and medical data of 477 HIV-infected individuals evaluated from 1985 to 1996. The variables were submitted to an univariate and stratified analysis. Aids related complex (ARC, past history of pneumonia, past history of hospitalization, CD4 count and no antiretroviral use were identified as possible effect modifiers and confounding variables, and were submitted to logistic regression analysis by the stepwise method. ARC had an odds ratio (OR of 3.5 (CI 95% - 1.2-10.8 for tuberculosis development. Past history of pneumonia (OR 1.7 - CI 95% 0.6-5.2 and the CD4 count (OR 0.4 - CI 0.2-1.2 had no statistical significance. These results show that ARC is an important clinical surrogate for tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients. Despite the need of confirmation in future studies, these results suggest that the ideal moment for tuberculosis chemoprophylaxis could be previous to the introduction of antiretroviral treatment or even just after the diagnosis of HIV infection.

  3. Factors of poor prognosis of visceral leishmaniasis among children under 12 years of age. A retrospective monocentric study in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2001-2005

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    Alexandre Sérgio da Costa Braga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUTION: A major concern with the visceral leishmaniasis (VL is its high lethality rate, even with proper treatment. Low age, prior malnutrition, disease duration prior to diagnosis, severe anemia, fever for more than 60 days, diarrhea and jaundice are known poor prognostic factors. The goals of this study are to describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of VL among children under 12 years of age and to identify the factors associated with VL poor outcome. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty children under 12 years of age with confirmed VL admitted to Hospital João Paulo II (FHEMIG, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, between January 2001 and December 2005 were evaluated retrospectively. The primary outcome was the poor clinical evolution: sepsis, and/or pneumonia, and/or urinary tract infection, and/or of bleeding (expect epistaxis, and/or severe neutropenia (neutrophil < 500 cells/mm3. Odds ratio (crude and adjusted and its 95% confidence interval for each variable were calculated. Values less than 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Average age was 3.3 years (3.6 months-11.6 years, 71.2% were younger than 5 years and 47.2% lived in Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte. The mean fatality rate was 3.6%. Sixty-six (26.4% patients presented poor evolution. After a multivariate analysis, age <18 months, abnormal respiratory physical examination on hospital admission, and platelets <85,000/mm3 remained associated with increased chance of poor evolution. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that patients aged between 12 and 18 months, with platelet counts bellow 85,000/mm3, and respiratory abnormalities at admission should be considered potentially severe.

  4. Diferenciais de mortalidade entre as regiões metropolitanas de Belo Horizonte e Salvador, 1985-1995 Mortality differentials between metropolitan areas of Brazil, 1985-1995

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    Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a evolução da mortalidade, por idade e sexo, segundo as causas de morte, nas regiões metropolitanas de Belo Horizonte (RMBH e Salvador (RMS, entre 1985 e 1995. MÉTODOS: Os dados utilizados foram provenientes do Registro Civil, fornecidos pelo SIM (Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde. As causas de morte foram classificadas em evitáveis e não evitáveis. Aplicou-se o método de decomposição de Pollard para analisar a contribuição, na evolução dos ganhos de esperança de vida ao nascer, dos grupos de causas que tiveram um aumento da sua participação relativa na estrutura da mortalidade. RESULTADOS: O processo de declínio da mortalidade, em curso nas regiões metropolitanas estudadas, vem sofrendo mudanças nas últimas décadas com uma tendência à redução dos diferenciais existentes. No seu conjunto, as causas evitáveis reduziram seu peso relativo em ambas as regiões: na RMBH, de 36,5%, em 1985, para 30,6%, em 1995, entre os homens, e de 34,9%, em 1985, para 28%, em 1995, entre as mulheres. Na RMS, observou-se uma redução maior da participação relativa para as mulheres: de 35,4%, em 1985, para 25,9%, em 1995. Para os homens, essa participação passou de 44% do total, em 1985, para 39,7%, em 1995. CONCLUSÕES: Ainda persiste uma estrutura de causas de morte que pode estar indicando que, nas regiões estudadas, os progressos nos níveis de mortalidade não estão atingindo as populações menos favorecidas na intensidade e velocidade esperadas.OBJECTIVE: To analyze differential changes of rates and stratification of mortality by gender and causes of death in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte (RMBH and Salvador (RMS between 1985 and 1995. METHODS: The Ministry of Health's Mortality Information System (SIM provides data on death causes by age and sex that was used for this study. The groups of death causes were classified according to two major groups (preventable and non

  5. Exposure to acellular blood products and risk of HIV infection in hemophiliacs from Belo Horizonte, Brazil Exposição de produtos do sangue, acelulares e o risco da infecção pelo VIH, em hemofílicos de Belo Horizonte, Brasil

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    Fernando A. Proietti

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available Results of a HIV prevalence study conducted in hemophiliacs from Belo Horizonte, Brazil are presented. History of exposure to acellular blood components was determined for the five year period prior to entry in the study, which occurred during 1986 and 1987. Patients with coagulations disorders (hemophilia A = 132, hemophilia B = 16 and coagulation disorders other than hemophilia = 16 were transfused with liquid cryoprecipitate, locally produced, lyophilized cryoprecipitate, imported from São Paulo (Brazil and factor VIII and IX, imported from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil, Europe, and United States. Thirty six (22% tested HIV seropositive. The univariate and multivariate analysis (logistic model demonstrated that the risk of HIV infection during the study period was associated with the total units of acellular blood components transfused. In addition, the proportional contribution of the individual components to the total acellular units transfused, namely a increase in factor VIII/IX and lyophilized cryoprecipitate proportions, were found to be associated with HIV seropositivity. This analysis suggest that not only the total amount of units was an important determinant of HIV infection, but that the risk was also associated with the specific component of blood transfusedResultados de um estudo da prevalência de infecção pelo VIH, realizado em hemofílicos em Belo Horizonte são apresentados. História prévia de exposição a componentes acelulares do sangue foi determinada para o período de 5 anos anteriores à entrada no estudo, que transcorreu durante 1986 e 1987. Pacientes com distúrbios da coagulação (hemofilia A n = 132, hemofilia B n = 16 e outros distúrbios da coagulação que não hemofilia n = 16, foram transfundidos com crio-precipitado líquido, localmente produzido, crio-precipitado liofilizado, importado de São Paulo, e Fator VIII e IX, importado do Rio de Janeiro, Europa e Estados Unidos. Trinta e seis (22% resultaram

  6. Desenvolvimento do Schistosoma mansoni das linhagens de Belo Horizonte (MG, e de São José dos Campos (SP, em Mus musculus Development of Schistosoma mansoni strains from Belo Horizonte, MG and S. José dos Campos, SP (Brazil in Mus musculus

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    Luiz A. Magalhães

    1973-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados os dados referentes ao desenvolvimento de cercárias de S. mansoni das linhagens de Belo Horizonte (MG e de São José dos Campos (SP, Brasil. Concluiu-se que após a penetração das cercárias pelo tegumento dos camundongos, não houve diferença significativa quanto ao número de vermes adultos que se desenvolveram, pertencentes às duas cepas estudadas.Experimental data of the developing of S. mansoni cercariae of two strains (Belo Horizonte, MG and S. José dos Campos, SP, penetrating through the tails of Mus musculus, were analysed. The data led to conclude that there is no numerical difference, in the two strains, as for development from cercariae to adult worm.

  7. Otorrinolaringologia pediátrica no Sistema Público de Saúde de Belo Horizonte Pediatric (Otolaryngology at the Public Health System of a city in Southeastern Brazil

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    Angela Francisca Marques Guerra

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a adequação dos encaminhamentos da atenção primária para a secundária em otorrinolaringologia pediátrica. MÉTODOS: Estudo realizado em Belo Horizonte, estado de Minas Gerais, de março de 2004 a maio de 2005. Foram avaliadas 408 crianças pré-escolares encaminhadas da atenção primária para a secundária do setor de otorrinolaringologia com otite, faringoamigdalite, rinossinusite, rinite alérgica e hipertrofia de amígdala/adenóide. As variáveis analisadas foram: concordância dos diagnósticos na atenção primária e secundária, tempo de espera pela consulta, acompanhamento e especialista (médico de família ou pediatra que examinou a criança na atenção primária. A concordância dos diagnósticos foi avaliada pela análise estatística de kappa. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes tinham em média cinco anos de idade, dos quais 214 (52,5% eram meninos, o tempo médio de espera pela consulta foi de 3,7 meses. Os diagnósticos na atenção primária e secundária foram, respectivamente: otite (44%, 49%, hipertrofia de amígdala/adenóide (22%, 33%, faringoamigdalite (18%, 23%, rinossunusite (13%, 21%, rinite alérgica (3%, 33%. Análise de concordância kappa foi 0,15 para otite com efusão, 0,35 para otite recorrente, 0,04 para hipertrofia de amígdala/adenóide, 0,43 para faringoamigdalite, 0,05 para rinite alérgica; 0,2 para rinossinusite. Os diagnósticos na atenção primária para encaminhamento à secundária, definidos pelo médico de família ou pelo pediatra que avaliou a criança foram concordantes. CONCLUSÕES: A inadequação dos encaminhamentos da atenção primária para a secundária em otorrinolaringologia foi expressa pelo longo tempo de espera pela consulta e pela baixa concordância de diagnósticos firmados entre os níveis de atenção para os mesmos pacientes avaliados. A atenção primária poderia se tornar mais eficiente se os profissionais fossem mais bem capacitados em otorrinolaringologia

  8. Tendências e perspectivas da administração em enfermagem: Um estudo na Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte-MG Tendencias y perspectivas de la administración en enfermería un estudio en la Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte-MG Trends and perspectives of nursing administration: a study in the "Santa Casa" Hospital of Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil

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    Carla Aparecida Spagnol

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte implantou um novo Sistema de Gestão que a caracterizou como uma organização flexível. Partindo desse contexto, delineamos como objetivos deste estudo: analisar a forma da administração em enfermagem, considerando a implantação do SIGESC; descrever como a equipe de enfermagem percebe a comunicação, o processo decisório e as relações interpessoais; identificar possíveis tendências e perspectivas presentes na prática administrativa desenvolvida. Evidenciamos um momento de transição da administração em enfermagem que apresenta traços da gerência clássica e da gerência contemporânea. Entretanto, sinalizamos tendências e perspectivas que poderão contribuir para a reorganização do processo de trabalho da enfermagem na área hospitalar.La Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, implantó un nuevo Sistema de Gestión, caracterizándose como una organización flexible. Partiendo de este contexto, delimitamos como objetivos: analizar la forma de administración en enfermería, considerando la implementación del SIGESC; describir como el equipo de enfermería percibe la comunicación, el proceso de toma de decisiones y las relaciones interpersonales; identificar posibles tendencias y perspectivas presentes en la práctica administrativa desarrollada. Evidenciamos un momento de transición de la administración en enfermería que presenta trazos de la gerencia clásica y de la gerencia contemporánea. Por ahora, señalamos tendencias y perspectivas que podrán contribuir para la reorganización del proceso de trabajo de enfermería en el área hospitalaria.The "Santa Casa" Hospital of Belo Horizonte has implemented a new management system that has characterized it as a flexible organization. Based on this context, the authors of this research defined the following objectives: to analyze nursing administration by considering the implementation of the Management System (SIGESC, to describe how the nursing team

  9. Prescrição, dispensação e regulação do consumo de psicotrópicos anorexígenos em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Prescription, dispensing, and regulation of psychoactive anorexigenic drugs in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Mônica de Fátima Gontijo Carneiro

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo retrospectivo, realizado na cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, para avaliar indicadores de dispensação e consumo de substâncias anorexígenas. Ocorreu em duas etapas: na primeira, foram analisadas 2.906 das 168.237 notificações de receitas aviadas por estabelecimentos farmacêuticos da cidade, em 2003. Observou-se uma baixa qualidade nas notificações. O consumo projetado foi de 19,75 DDD/mil habitantes/dia. A substância mais consumida foi o fenproporex (59,8%. Uma farmácia foi responsável por 39,8% das dispensações. Na segunda etapa, foram analisados 14.554 registros do livro de receituário geral da farmácia que mais dispensou tais produtos, no período de abril a agosto de 2005. Os anorexígenos responderam por 9,2% das manipulações e 91,8% deles foram prescritos para uso concomitante com outra substância: 43% com clordiazepóxido, 50,6% com fluoxetina, 7,5% com outro anorexígeno e 28,2% com bromazepam. Os resultados observados sugerem um uso indiscriminado e irracional de anorexígenos neste município, sendo fundamental aprimorar a regulação do mercado de produtos manipulados. Para tanto, é necessário uma melhor compreensão do papel da farmácia nessa regulação e o papel dos prescritores no uso racional dessas substâncias.This retrospective study in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, aimed to provide indicators on the sale and consumption of anorexigenic substances. During the first stage, 2,906 of 168,237 prescriptions received by pharmacies in 2003 were analyzed, showing low quality of prescriptions. Projected consumption in defined daily doses was 19.75 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day in 2003. Fenproporex (59.8% was the most widely consumed drug. One pharmacy was responsible for 39.8% of the pharmaceutical sales. During the second stage, 14,554 sales records from this "blockbuster" pharmacy were analyzed, from April to August 2005; 9.2% of sales were for anorexigenic products, 91.8% of which

  10. Analysis of medical prescriptions dispensed at health centers in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil Avaliação de prescrições médicas aviadas em centros de saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

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    Francisco A. Acurcio

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on medical prescriptions dispensed at health centers under the Municipal Health Department in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The study analyzed 4,607 prescriptions from March to April 1999, grouped according to origin (internal or external. The analysis focused on information written on medical prescriptions. The main findings were: (a an average of 2.4 drugs per prescription in both groups; (b prescriptions filled out with 4 or more drugs accounted for 18.0% of internal and 17.6% of external prescriptions; (c 84.3% of internal and 85.5% of external prescriptions provided no instructions for use of medication; (d information on dosage regimen varied from 51.2% to 97.6% for internal and 57.9% to 96.5% for external prescriptions; (e generic names were specified for 51.9% and 28.4% of all drugs on internal and external prescriptions, respectively; (f prescriptions containing standard drugs from the Municipal Health Department accounted for 88.7% of internal and 76.4% of external prescriptions. Data analysis shows the need for continuing education of physicians and adoption of other methods to improve quality of prescriptions and promote rational use of drugs.Este trabalho avalia prescrições médicas aviadas em farmácias de unidades de saúde da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Belo Horizonte (SMS-BH, Brasil. Foram analisadas 4.607 prescrições, no período de março a abril de 1999, agrupadas segundo sua origem. A análise enfocou informações que deveriam constar em uma prescrição médica. Os principais resultados encontrados foram: (a número médio de 2,4 medicamentos/prescrição para os dois grupos; (b prescrição de quatro ou mais medicamentos em 18,0% das prescrições internas e 17,6% das externas; (c ausência de recomendações de uso em 84,3% das prescrições internas e 85,5% nas externas; (d presença de dados posológicos variando de 51,2% a 97,6% nas prescrições internas e de 57,9% a 96

  11. Utilização de fitoterápicos por idosos: resultados de um inquérito domiciliar em Belo Horizonte (MG, Brasil Herbal drug use by elderly people: results from a domiciliary survey in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil

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    Lucianno D. P. Marliére

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os fitoterápicos constituem uma modalidade de terapia complementar ou alternativa diante das necessidades de saúde e seu uso tem sido crescente na população idosa de diversos países. Entretanto, apresentam interações medicamentosas e reações adversas importantes e sua utilização não deve ser indiscriminada. Este estudo objetivou caracterizar o perfil de utilização de fitoterápicos por aposentados e pensionistas do INSS, com 60 anos e mais, residentes em Belo Horizonte, MG. A partir do cadastro do INSS, selecionou-se uma amostra aleatória de 881 idosos para entrevista. Investigou-se a prevalência de uso de fitoterápicos e interações medicamentosas potenciais. Um total de 667 (80,3% dos selecionados foi entrevistado. Setenta e um participantes (10,6% utilizaram fitoterápicos nos últimos 15 dias, principalmente aqueles preparados a partir de extratos de ginkgo (41,8%, aesculus (12,3% e isoflavonas de soja (8,2%. Mais de 60% dos fitoterápicos foram adquiridos em farmácias de manipulação. Aproximadamente 45% dos usuários de fitoterápicos estavam expostos a pelo menos uma interação medicamentosa potencial entre eles e medicamentos sintéticos, tais como entre ginkgo e diuréticos tiazídicos (14 e antiagregante plaquetário/anticoagulantes (8. São necessárias estratégias de orientação para o uso racional de fitoterápicos entre idosos, mais vulneráveis aos prejuízos decorrentes da utilização inadequada desses.The herbal drugs constitute an alternative or complementary therapy for the health needs and its use has been growing in the aged population of many countries. However, herbal drugs present important adverse effects and drug interactions and should not be indiscriminately used. The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of herbal drug use by elderly and pensioner residents of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Eight hundred and eighty-one retirees were randomly selected from the Instituto Nacional do Seguro

  12. Adesão às precauções padrão pela equipe do atendimento pré-hospitalar móvel de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Adherence to standard precautions by the public pre-hospital health team in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Aline Cristine Souza Lopes; Adriana Cristina de Oliveira; Jussara Teixeira Silva; Maria Henriqueta Rocha Siqueira Paiva

    2008-01-01

    Estudo transversal com profissionais do Serviço de Atendimento Pré-hospitalar de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, com o objetivo de avaliar a adesão às precauções padrão. Instrumento constou de questões sobre conhecimento, atitude e fatores facilitadores à adesão das precauções. Para verificar a adesão considerou-se percentual de adequação: > 75% de respostas corretas. Condutores apresentaram menor e médicos maior grau de conhecimento. No relato das atitudes, profissionais não alcançaram...

  13. Educação em saúde em escolas pública de 1º grau da periferia de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil: I - avaliação de um programa relativo à esquistossomose Health education in first level schools at the outskirts of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: I. evaluation of a health education program on schistosomiasis

    OpenAIRE

    Virgínia Torres Schall; Ângela Guimarães Pinto Dias; Mara Lygia Guedes Malaquias; Marilena Gomes dos Santos

    1993-01-01

    O presente trabalho integra um amplo programa de pesquisa acerca da realidade educacional das escolas públicas de 1º grau, visando desenvolver e avaliar alternativas criativas que estimulem a inclusão da educação em saúde sob enfoque transdisciplinar, utilizando recursos lúdicos como arte, literatura, jogos, teatro, etc. Este estudo foi realizado em 4 escolas municipais da periferia de Belo Horizonte com o objetivo de avaliar o impacto de um programa educativo em relação ao conhecimento e pre...

  14. Mortalidade de idosos com desnutrição em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: uma análise multidimensional sob o enfoque de causas múltiplas de morte Mortality of malnourished elderly in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: a multidimensional analysis focusing on multiple causes of death

    OpenAIRE

    Edna Maria Rezende; Barbosa Machado Sampaio; Lenice Harumi Ishitani; Eunice Francisca Martins; Lenice de Castro Mendes Vilella

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar perfis de mortalidade em idosos com desnutrição, a partir de associações entre causas múltiplas de morte e outras variáveis da Declaração de Óbito. Foram estudadas as mortes de residentes de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, com 60 anos e mais, que tinham a desnutrição como uma das causas mencionadas. Utilizaram-se os dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade. Para estudo das associações, foi empregada a análise multidimensional pela técnica...

  15. Equidad en la salud: evaluación de políticas públicas en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1993-1997 Equity in the health sector: evaluation of public policy in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 1993-1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Junqueira

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available El artículo evalúa el resultado de las acciones del gobierno en la reducción de las desigualdades en el ámbito sanitario en Belo Horizonte de 1993 a 1997. La hipótesis es que un gobierno municipal comprometido con la equidad puede reducir desigualdades, apoyándose en el Sistema Único de Salud. Trabajamos con el Índice de Calidad de Vida Urbana (IQVU, usado en el municipio para reconocer las desigualdades en las condiciones de vida y el diferencial de los coeficientes de mortalidad infantil (CMI, neonatal e pos-neonatal en los nueve distritos sanitarios. Otras acciones fueron medidas por la ejecución de obras municipales, por medio del Presupuesto Participativo y la Programación Abierta. El IQVU se mostró apropiado para orientar la acción del gestor municipal. El CMI se mostró un buen indicador para medir la desigualdad en salud. Hubo reducción del CMI y de las brechas de mortalidad en los distritos estudiados. Verificamos mayor inversión de recursos físicos y financieros en los distritos de IQVU más bajo, pudiéndose afirmar que en el estudiado, el gobierno municipal redujo desigualdades.This article evaluates government measures to reduce inequity in the health sector in Belo Horizonte from 1993 to 1997. Our hypothesis is that a municipal administration committed to equity can reduce disparities in health with the support of the Unified National Health System (SUS. The methodology used an urban quality of life index in Belo Horizonte to detect social inequalities in living conditions, as well as differences between the component indices in the infant mortality rate. Other municipal measures were assessed according to the investment resulting from the implementation of a participatory local budget and open planning process. The urban quality of life index appeared to be an appropriate measure for orienting municipal administration. The infant mortality rate proved to be a good indicator for measuring inequality in health. There

  16. Diálise planejada e a utilização regular da atenção primária à saúde entre os pacientes diabéticos do Município de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Diálisis planificada y el uso regular de la atención primaria de la salud entre los pacientes diabéticos en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Planned dialysis and regular use of primary care by diabetic patients in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Francisco de Assis Acurcio

    2013-06-01

    dolencia. Asistir al centro de salud, no tener una primera consulta con un nefrólogo pagado por el SUS y contar con la opción de elección para el tratamiento de la enfermedad renal son factores relacionados con la iniciación prevista de la diálisis. La diálisis no planificada es común en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte y se produce independientemente del momento en el que se deriva al paciente al nefrólogo.The objective was to analyze factors associated with planned initiation of dialysis in diabetic patients in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional study of 250 diabetic patients who began dialysis between January 2006 and December 2007. Initiating dialysis with an arteriovenous fistula or in peritoneal dialysis was classified as planned initiation. The study targeted socio-demographic, clinical, and health services use variables using a semi-structured interview. Multivariate analysis used Poisson regression. Seventy per cent of the patients began dialysis on an unplanned basis, and 67% of those consulted had been referred to a nephrologist more than four months previously. Attending a health center, not having the first nephrology appointment paid for by the Brazilian Unified National Health System, and having a choice of treatment for the kidney disease were associated with planned initiation of dialysis. Unplanned initiation of dialysis is common in the city of Belo Horizonte and occurs regardless of the time since referral to the nephrologist.

  17. Quantificação dos resíduos potencialmente infectantes presentes nos resíduos sólidos urbanos da regional sul de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Gravimetric characterization of potentially infectious material in urban solid waste in southern Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Noil Amorim de Menezes Cussiol; Gustavo Henrique Tetzl Rocha; Liséte Celina Lange

    2006-01-01

    O objetivo da pesquisa foi o de conhecer a parcela de resíduos potencialmente infectantes ­ aqueles contendo fezes, urina, sangue e fluidos corpóreos ­ de origem domiciliar, presentes nos resíduos sólidos urbanos. Em agosto e setembro de 2002, os resíduos da região Sul de Belo Horizonte foram coletados e levados ao Centro de Tratamento e Disposição Final de Resíduos Sólidos da BR 040, para segregação e quantificação. Os "perfurocortantes" contribuíram com 0,02±0,02% dos resíduo...

  18. SOIL CONTAMINATION IN PUBLIC SQUARES IN BELO HORIZONTE, MINAS GERAIS, BY CANINE PARASITES IN DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES

    OpenAIRE

    Luciane Madureira Ribeiro; Ruth Massote Dracz; Lanuze Rose Mozzer; Walter dos Santos Lima

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY To evaluate soil contamination by parasites in different developmental stages in public squares used as recreation and leisure areas for children in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil), 210 soil samples and 141 canine fecal samples were collected from 42 squares in the city. These samples were analyzed by the Caldwell and Caldwell technique and the Hoffman, Pons, and Janer technique. Of the samples analyzed, 89 (42.4%) soil samples and 104 (73.5%) fecal samples were contaminated with Anc...

  19. Detection of a Giardia lamblia coproantigen by using a commercially available immunoenzymatic assay, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil Avaliação do ProSpeT Giardia ensaio em microplaca na detecção de coproantígenos de Giardia lamblia, em fezes de pacientes de Belo Horizonte, Brasil

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    Míriam Oliveira e ROCHA

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available It is known that fecal examination to detect Giardia lamblia cysts or trophozoites produces a high percentage of false-negative results. A commercially available immunoenzymatic assay (ProSpecT Giardia Microplate Assay, Alexon, Inc., BIOBRÁS to detect G. lamblia specific coproantigen was evaluated for the first time in Brazil. A total of 90 specimens were tested. Each specimen was first tested as unpreserved stool, and then it was preserved in 10% Formalin to be tested 2 months later. The assay was able to identify all the 30 positive patients (sensitivity = 100.0% by visual or spectrophotometric examination in the unpreserved specimens and was negative in 57 of the 60 patients without G. lamblia (specificity = 95.0%. The assay identified 27 of the 30 positive patients (sensitivity = 90.0% and was negative in 59 of the 60 negatives (specificity = 98.3% in the preserved stools according to both readings. A marked difference was observed in the optical densities in both groups, preserved and unpreserved stools, when the G. lamblia-positive specimens were compared to the negative or positive for other intestinal parasites than G. lamblia. The assay seems a good alternative for giardiasis diagnosis, especially when the fecal examination was repeatedly negative and the patient presents giardiasislike symptoms.O diagnóstico da giardíase através da pesquisa de trofozoítos ou cistos do parasita nas fezes apresenta uma elevada percentagem de resultados falso-negativos. No presente trabalho foi feita, pela primeira vez no Brasil, uma avaliação do ProSpecT Giardia Ensaio em Microplaca (Alexon, Inc., BIOBRÁS, utilizando amostras fecais de pacientes de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Um total de 90 amostras fecais foram testadas, primeiramente como fezes frescas e, então, preservadas em formalina 10%, para um novo teste 2 meses após. Com as amostras frescas, o ensaio imunoenzimático, através de leitura visual ou no espectrofotômetro, foi capaz de

  20. INAA and ICP-MSHS. Metal pollutants in fish tissues Nile tilapia (Oreochromic niloticus) in Pampulha Lake, Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pampulha Lake, Minas Gerais, Brazil, is being polluted via its tributaries, Sarandi and Ressaca. Instrumental neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry high resolution were applied to determine Al, As, B, Ba, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, P, Pb, Rb, Zn and Ti in Nile tilapia fish, Oreochromis niloticus. The organs analyzed were: intestine, spleen, heart, testicle, kidney, liver, gills and muscle. The results demonstrated relatively high concentrations of Al, Co, Cu, Fe, P and Ti in gills, Al and Cu in liver, Al in intestine and Fe in muscle and spleen. (author)

  1. Perfil dos nascidos vivos no Município de Belo Horizonte, 1992-1994 Profile of live births in Belo Horizonte, 1992-1994

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    Celeste de Souza Rodrigues

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos ­ Sinasc ­ foi desenvolvido pelo Ministério da Saúde, objetivando a melhoria da qualidade das informações sobre estas crianças, no Brasil, e vem sendo usado no Município de Belo Horizonte, efetivamente, desde 1992. Com o objetivo de caracterizar as crianças nascidas vivas e permitir a utilização dos dados para subsidiar o planejamento, organização e avaliação de ações de saúde desenvolvidas, foi analisada a distribuição destas, através de todas as Declarações de Nascidos Vivos ­ DN, de mães residentes em Belo Horizonte, 1992/94, segundo características relativas ao parto,à gravidez e à mãe. Concluiu-se haver necessidade de estudos que aprofundem a análise da morbi-mortalidade materna e infantil e os custos das internações por partos operatórios, por uma atenção especial às adolescentes, além de acompanhamento pré-natal de boa qualidade para todas as gestantes. O Sinasc é um instrumento poderoso de informações rotineiras, devendo ser aprimorado e o seu uso difundido, incluindo a possibilidade não só de cruzamento de dados com os de outros sistemas, especialmente o SIM (Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade e o banco de dados de AIH (Autorização para Internação Hospitalar, como também de sua utilização para intervenções específicas e diferenciadas em determinados grupos populacionais e microáreas de risco.The Information System on Live Births - SINASC - was developed by the Health Ministry and designed to improve quality of information on live births in Brazil. It has been effectively used in Belo Horizonte since 1992. The distribution of live births was analysed in order to characterise them and to allow use of existing data to support planning, organisation and evaluation of the health activities developed. It was conducted by using Declarations of Live Births of newborns of mothers resident in Belo Horizonte, in the period 1992-1994, in

  2. Menarca, gravidez precoce e obesidade em mulheres brasileiras selecionadas em um Centro de Saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Menarche, early pregnancy, and obesity in selected Brazilian women from a health care center in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Gilberto Kac

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi identificar fatores obstétricos potencialmente associados à obesidade em 486 mulheres brasileiras entre 15-59 anos, residentes na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A gordura corporal (GC foi aferida por meio de exame de bioimpedância e a obesidade foi definida como GC > 30%. A associação entre fatores obstétricos e a obesidade foi avaliada a partir da técnica de regressão logística. Permaneceram associadas com a obesidade no modelo final após controle para o efeito da renda, fumo, consumo de álcool e prática de atividade física: idade de menarca 30 e 40 anos (OR = 3,32; IC95%: 1,76-6,27, idade ao primeiro parto (OR = 1,99; IC95%: 1,07-3,68 e a seguinte interação significativa: faixa etária de 30-39 e idade de menarca (OR = 0,27; IC95%: 0,09-0,83. Os fatores obstétricos se manifestam na obesidade por meio de uma complexa rede de inter-relações entre as covariáveis estudadas. É importante que sejam implementadas políticas eficazes de combate à obesidade durante o ciclo reprodutivo, e de planejamento familiar que busquem diminuir a freqüência de mães adolescentes.The aim of this study was to investigate obstetric variables potentially associated with obesity among 486 Brazilian childbearing-age women aged 15-59 residing in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State. Body fat (BF was measured through impedance analysis, and obesity was defined as BF > 30%. The association between obstetrics factors and obesity was evaluated through multivariate logistic regression. The following variables remained in the logistic regression after adjustments for total income, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity: age at menarche 30 and 40 years (OR = 3.32; 95% CI: 1.76-6.27, age at first childbirth (OR = 1.99; 95% CI: 1.07-3.68, and the following interaction: age group > 30 and < 39 and age at menarche (OR = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.09-0.83. It appears that obstetric factors

  3. Characterization of airborne particulate matter in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work soil samples, iron ore and airborne atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, are investigated with the aim of identifying if the sources of the particulate matter are of natural origin, such as, resuspension of particles from soil, or due to anthropogenic origins from mining and processing of iron ore. Samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and 57Fe-Moessbauer spectroscopy. The results showed that soil samples studied are rich in quartz and have low contents of iron mainly iron oxide with low crystallinity. The samples of iron ore and PM have high concentration of iron, predominantly well crystallized hematite. 57Fe-Moessbauer spectroscopy confirmed the presence of similar iron oxides in samples of PM and in the samples of iron ore, indicating the anthropogenic origin in the material present in atmosphere of the study area. (author)

  4. Evaluation of image quality versus doses in service of mammography of Belo Horizonte, MG, BR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cancer is the second cause of death for Brazilian women and breast cancer is the most common neoplasm amongst women. Mammography is an essential tool for diagnosis and early detection of this disease. In order to be effective, the mammography must be of good quality. This study sought to evaluate the radiation protection and quality of 37 services out a total of 82 mammography facilities existing in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Two instruments were used: a proposed evaluation protocol of the Health Surveillance -VISA and a protocol for evaluation of image quality. Of the 37 services who completed the study, none was achieved 100% conformity in image quality. The results of radiation protection requirements according to the VISA protocol bore close relation to final image quality, a central issue for early cancer detection (p>0.05)

  5. Characterization of airborne particulate matter in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavares, Fernanda V.F.; Ardisson, Jose Domingos; Rodrigues, Paulo Cesar H.; Brito, Walter de; Macedo, Waldemar Augusto A.; Jacomino, Vanusa Maria F., E-mail: ferufv@yahoo.com.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    In this work soil samples, iron ore and airborne atmospheric particulate matter (PM) in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, are investigated with the aim of identifying if the sources of the particulate matter are of natural origin, such as, resuspension of particles from soil, or due to anthropogenic origins from mining and processing of iron ore. Samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and {sup 57}Fe-Moessbauer spectroscopy. The results showed that soil samples studied are rich in quartz and have low contents of iron mainly iron oxide with low crystallinity. The samples of iron ore and PM have high concentration of iron, predominantly well crystallized hematite. {sup 57}Fe-Moessbauer spectroscopy confirmed the presence of similar iron oxides in samples of PM and in the samples of iron ore, indicating the anthropogenic origin in the material present in atmosphere of the study area. (author)

  6. Quantificação dos resíduos potencialmente infectantes presentes nos resíduos sólidos urbanos da regional sul de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Gravimetric characterization of potentially infectious material in urban solid waste in southern Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Noil Amorim de Menezes Cussiol

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo da pesquisa foi o de conhecer a parcela de resíduos potencialmente infectantes ­ aqueles contendo fezes, urina, sangue e fluidos corpóreos ­ de origem domiciliar, presentes nos resíduos sólidos urbanos. Em agosto e setembro de 2002, os resíduos da região Sul de Belo Horizonte foram coletados e levados ao Centro de Tratamento e Disposição Final de Resíduos Sólidos da BR 040, para segregação e quantificação. Os "perfurocortantes" contribuíram com 0,02±0,02% dos resíduos coletados e a presença dos "não-perfurocortantes" foi de 5,47±1,11%. Na categoria "perfurocortante", os aparelhos de barbear predominaram (0,01±0,01%, enquanto que na categoria "não-perfurocortante" as maiores frações foram de papel higiênico (3,00±0,90%, fraldas descartáveis (2,21±1,08% e absorventes higiênicos (0,22±0,12%. Os resíduos infectantes de origem domiciliar corresponderam ao dobro da fração total (infectante e comum dos resíduos de unidades de serviços de saúde. A discussão foi feita sob a égide dos perigos à saúde e segurança dos trabalhadores da coleta formal (garis e informal (catadores de rua e lixões.This study investigated potentially infectious waste (feces, urine, blood, body fluids in the composition of total municipal solid waste. From August to September 2002, solid waste samples from southern Belo Horizonte, capital of the State of Minas Gerais, were collected and sent to the solid waste treatment and disposal site at BR-040 for segregation and quantification. Sharps (objects that can cause cuts or puncture wounds made up 0.02±0.02% of the collected waste, while non-sharps accounted for 5.47±1.11%. In the sharps category, the majority were razor blades (0.01±0.01%, while among non-sharps the most frequent components were toilet paper (3.00±0.90%, diapers (2.21±1.08%, and sanitary napkins (0.22±0.12%. Household infectious waste was twice the total amount of waste (infectious + common from healthcare

  7. Production of Shistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata from a focus in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Produção de cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni por Biomphalaria glabrata de foco em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    OpenAIRE

    Cecília Pereira de Souza; Neusa Araújo; Liana Konovaloff Jannotti-Passos; Carlos Tito Guimarães

    1994-01-01

    The snail density, levels of infection and the monthly production of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata were determined in a focus of Barreiro de Baixo (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil). During a period of 38 months (1984 to 1987) 5,366 snails were collected of which 324 (6.03%) were infected with S. mansoni. The total number of cercariae shed was 5,667,312. Each snail shed an average of 17,422 cercariae during the time that it was under study in the laboratory. The greatest lo...

  8. Remuneração do trabalho médico: um estudo sobre seus sistemas e formas em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte Pay for medical labor: a study of systems and forms of payment in general hospitals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    Mariangela L. Cherchiglia

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de realizar uma análise descritiva dos sistemas e formas de remuneração do trabalho médico em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte e apreender a percepção de gerentes hospitalares, médicos e representantes das associações corporativas médicas e empresariais sobre os mesmos, foi feita uma amostra intencional de hospitais, conforme critérios previamente estabelecidos, e realizadas entrevistas com os profissionais ligados aos mesmos. Foram entrevistados, também, os representantes das corporações médica e empresarial. Na análise de dados, utilizando-se conceitos adaptados da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT, encontrou-se o Sistema de Remuneração por Resultado, exclusivo dos hospitais privados, e o Sistema de Remuneração por Tempo, prevalente nos hospitais públicos. Foi constatado um elevado número de profissionais médicos que apresentam mais de uma forma de remuneração em todas as situações de trabalho. Os três atores envolvidos acreditam que a melhor forma de remuneração é aquela que considere alguma medida de resultado, visando maiores qualidade e resultado. A forma de remuneração por produção foi escolhido pelos médicos como a mais justa e satisfatória. O interesse pelo tema, demonstrado pelos profissionais, aliado à relevância do mesmo como um dos instrumentos de aperfeiçoamento gerencial, justifica mais estudos na área.A descriptive analysis of systems and forms of payment for medical labor was carried out based on an intentional sample of hospitals, according to preestablished criteria. Hospital administrators, physicians, and representatives of medical and entrepreneurial corporations were interviewed. The results were analyzed according to International Labour Organization (ILO standards. The "Pay-for-Production System" was used exclusively in private hospitals, while the "Wage System" [based on units of time worked] prevailed in public ones. However, a major share of

  9. Prevalência e padrão de distribuição das doenças cerebrovasculares em 242 idosos, procedentes de um hospital geral, necropsiados em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, no período de 1976 a 1997 Prevalence and types of cerebrovascular diseases in 242 hospitalized elderly patients, autopsied in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 1976 to 1997

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    José Eymard H. Pittella

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência e os tipos das doenças cerebrovasculares (DCVs em indivíduos idosos necropsiados. MÉTODO: Foram consultados os laudos neuropatológicos de 242 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 61 anos, procedentes em sua maioria do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, e necropsiados consecutivamente no período 1976 a 1997. RESULTADO: Os principais grupos de doenças do sistema nervoso central (SNC foram representados por DCVs (71,9%, infecções (12,4%, neoplasias (7,1%, traumatismos crânio-encefálicos (3,7%, doenças nutricionais (2,5% e doenças degenerativas (1,7%. As DCVs mais frequentes foram: aterosclerose (61,2%, doença cerebrovascular hipertensiva (25,6% e infarto cerebral (14,9%. Observou-se aumento da frequência e da gravidade da aterosclerose e da frequência da doença cerebrovascular hipertensiva com o avançar da idade. Houve associação significativa entre doença cerebrovascular hipertensiva e aterosclerose. As DCVs foram clinicamente sintomáticas e as responsáveis diretas pelo óbito em 42,7% e 17,3% dos pacientes, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: As DCVs constituíram o principal grupo de doenças do SNC no idoso. A aterosclerose e a doença cerebrovascular hipertensiva foram as principais doenças deste grupo, notando-se aumento de sua frequência com o avançar da idade e associação significativa entre ambas.OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and the types of cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs in autopsied elderly individuals. METHOD: Consecutive clinical charts and neuropathological reports of 242 patients aged 61 years or older were reviewed. The patients died in Hospital das Clínicas, Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 1976 to 1997. RESULTS: The prevalent diseases of the central nervous system (CNS found in decreasing order were: CVDs (71.9%, infections (12.4%, neoplasms (7.1%, head

  10. Facial fractures: a 1-year retrospective study in a hospital in Belo Horizonte Fraturas de face: um estudo retrospectivo de 1 ano em um hospital de Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic; Belini Freire-Maia; Leandro Napier de Souza; Vasco de Oliveira Araújo; Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu

    2004-01-01

    A retrospective study was performed to assess facial fractures in patients treated at a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, in 2000. The data collected included age, gender, etiology, distribution of maxillofacial trauma considering day of the week and month, anatomic site of the fracture, and treatment. The analyses involved descriptive statistics and chi-squared test, Bonferroni test and analysis of variance. A total of 1,326 facial fractures were found in 911 patients. Most fractures occurr...

  11. Evaluation of a waste water treatment pilot plant from Itabira, Belo Horizonte using 99TC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On this work, efficiency was determined in each of the 3 chambers of a pilot plant for treating residual waters (anaerobic reactor), located in the city of Itabira, Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Taking into account that the stimulation-answer technique described by Levespiel /1 / and the radioactive tracers method that has been broadly used to determine flow patterns and residence times distribution (DTR), we have used this evaluation method using the 99m Tc, as radioactive tracer. This is a low gamma energy tracer and has a short period of medium life. The values of Residence Times Distribution (DTR), obtained with the use of the 99mTc as radiotracer, are very similar to those obtained by the radioactive method using the 82Br, and other methods. This is a very important result, because it corroborates that the efficiency of the plant is high. This study has demonstrated that the technology applied on this residuals treatment plant can be implemented for its extensive use, considering its low construction costs and that it would greatly contribute this way to diminishes the environmental contamination that affects the population. (Full text)

  12. Prevalence of Rheumatic Heart Disease in a Public School of Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Lavinia Pimentel Miranda; Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos; Rosália Morais Torres; Zilda Maria Alves Meira

    2014-01-01

    Background: Previous studies indicate that compared with physical examination, Doppler echocardiography identifies a larger number of cases of rheumatic heart disease in apparently healthy individuals. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease among students in a public school of Belo Horizonte by clinical evaluation and Doppler echocardiography. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 267 randomly selected school students aged between 6 and ...

  13. Ergonomics analysis of the productive environment of fashion clothing firm in Belo Horizonte-MG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnan, Andreia Salvan; Câmara, Jairo José Drummond

    2012-01-01

    A company making women's clothing, located in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais was studied in its ergonomic aspects with regard to the layout. With this study it was possible to establish the best positioning of machines and jobs of employees. The analysis criteria used were: frequency of use, functional grouping, sequence of use, flow and intensity of preferred connections. An ideal arrangement in the workplace provides improved manufacturing quality and employee performance and consequently higher production yields. PMID:22316892

  14. SOIL CONTAMINATION IN PUBLIC SQUARES IN BELO HORIZONTE, MINAS GERAIS, BY CANINE PARASITES IN DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Madureira Ribeiro

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARY To evaluate soil contamination by parasites in different developmental stages in public squares used as recreation and leisure areas for children in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil, 210 soil samples and 141 canine fecal samples were collected from 42 squares in the city. These samples were analyzed by the Caldwell and Caldwell technique and the Hoffman, Pons, and Janer technique. Of the samples analyzed, 89 (42.4% soil samples and 104 (73.5% fecal samples were contaminated with Ancylostoma sp., Toxocara sp., Trichuris sp., or Dipylidium sp. eggs; Giardia sp. cysts; or Isospora sp. oocysts. The commonest parasite was Ancylostoma sp., found in 85% soil and 99% fecal samples, followed by Toxocara sp., found in 43.7% soil and 30.7% fecal samples.

  15. Saúde mental e a continuidade do cuidado em centros de saúde de Belo Horizonte, MG Salud mental y la continuidad del cuidado en centros de salud de una ciudad en Sudeste de Brasil Mental health and continuity of care in healthcare centers in a city of Southeastern Brazil

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    Graziella Lage Oliveira

    2008-08-01

    encaminamientos fueron factores facilitadores de la continuidad del cuidado. Ninguna característica individual estuvo asociada a la continuidad. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos sugieren haber una falla en la propuesta de línea de cuidado. La continuidad del tratamiento parece estar mas relacionada a factores referentes al servicio de que las características del paciente.OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with the continuity of mental health care provided for patients referred to healthcare centers. METHODS: A follow-up study was carried out with 98 patients assisted between 2003 and 2004. These patients were referred to eight healthcare centers with mental health teams located in the catchment area of a mental health reference venter in the city of Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil. Social, demographic, clinical and continuity variables were described and then compared using the chi-square test. RESULTS: After referral, 35 patients did not attend the first visit in the healthcare center. Of those who did, 38 continued in treatment. To return to the reference center for a new visit after referral and to have had more than two referrals were factors that facilitated continuity of care. No individual characteristic was associated with continuity. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that there is a gap in the proposal for the line of care. Treatment continuity seems to be more related to service factors than to patients' characteristics.

  16. Inequities in intraurban areas in the distribution of risk factors for non communicable diseases, Belo Horizonte, 2010

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    Deborah Carvalho Malta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In order to identify intraurban differentials, the prevalence of major protection and risk factors for non communicable chronic diseases were analyzed in nine health districts of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: Analysis of data from a telephone survey conducted with 2,000 adults in Belo Horizonte, in 2010, using the average linkage method for cluster analysis among the health districts, using sociodemographic variables (education, race and marital status. The study compared the prevalence of risk factors for non communicable diseases among the health districts. Results: Four clusters were identified. The best socio-demographic indicators were found in cluster 4 (South Central health district, which also showed a higher prevalence of protective factors such as higher consumption of fruits and vegetables, higher frequency of physical activity practice in the free time, use of ultraviolet protection, higher proportion of ex-smokers, and lower prevalence of whole milk and high-fat meat consumption. As a risk factor, cluster 4 showed a higher proportion of alcohol abuse. Cluster 1, with the worst socio-demographic indicators, concentrated more risk factors such as consumption of whole milk, low regular consumption of fruit and vegetables, and lower practice of physical activity in the free time. The most frequent protective indicators in cluster 1 were the regular consumption of beans, having breakfast at home, and lower alcohol abuse. Conclusion: Intra-urban differences were found in the distribution of risk and protection factors or non transmissible diseases, these differences can support planning aimed at actions for greater equity in health.

  17. O SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (GESTÃO DA CADEIA DE SUPRIMENTOS) NA HOTELARIA EM BELO HORIZONTE

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Simoni Ferraz Sales

    2005-01-01

    oartigo começa com uma revisão blbliográfica onde expõe m um modelo teórico que determina os diversos estágios evolutivos que as empresas se encontram no que se refere ao Supply Chain Management, Esta revisãofozfeita com o objetivo de usar este modelo para análise de uma empresa hoteleira situada na cidade de Belo Horizonte, capital do Estado de Minas Gerais no Brasil Portanto, em um segundo momento, é mostrada a evolução da indústná hoteleira no Brasil e, especificamente os apart hotéis, Em ...

  18. Escolarização inclusiva de alunos com autismo na rede municipal de ensino de Belo Horizonte Inclusive schooling of students with autism in municipal education of Belo Horizonte

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    Camila Graciella Santos Gomes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O direito a matrícula de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais em escolas regulares no Brasil é garantido por lei desde a Constituição de 1988. Os dados do Censo Escolar do Ministério da Educação indicam aumento no número de matrícula desses alunos no país ao longo dos anos, especialmente em escolas da rede municipal de ensino. Entre os alunos enquadrados na definição de "necessidades especiais" encontram-se aqueles com autismo, caracterizados por apresentarem alterações na interação social, na comunicação e pela presença de padrões estereotipados de comportamento. A prefeitura de Belo Horizonte - MG vem desenvolvendo ações com o intuito de favorecer o acesso de estudantes com autismo a escolas regulares do município, porém dados sobre o andamento deste processo são escassos. O objetivo desse estudo consistiu em caracterizar os alunos com autismo matriculados em escolas municipais regulares de Belo Horizonte, assim como descrever a maneira pela qual essa escolarização vem ocorrendo nas escolas comuns, a partir da perspectiva de seus professores. Participaram do estudo trinta e três professores da rede regular de ensino do município que tinham contato direto e diário com alunos com autismo. Foram utilizados um questionário semi-estruturado e a escala CARS (Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Os resultados indicaram que as estratégias utilizadas pela prefeitura parecem favorecer a freqüência dos alunos com autismo, porém há evidências de que eles participam pouco das atividades da escola, a interação com os colegas é escassa e a aprendizagem de conteúdos pedagógicos é limitada.The right to enroll students with special needs in regular schools in Brazil is guaranteed by law since the 1988 Constitution. Ministry of Education school census data indicates that the number of students with special needs enrolled in regular schools in the country has increased over the years, especially in the municipal

  19. Production of Shistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata from a focus in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Produção de cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni por Biomphalaria glabrata de foco em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

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    Cecília Pereira de Souza

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The snail density, levels of infection and the monthly production of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata were determined in a focus of Barreiro de Baixo (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. During a period of 38 months (1984 to 1987 5,366 snails were collected of which 324 (6.03% were infected with S. mansoni. The total number of cercariae shed was 5,667,312. Each snail shed an average of 17,422 cercariae during the time that it was under study in the laboratory. The greatest longevity of infected snails was 218 days. Natural cure was observed in 42 (12.9% of the infected specimens about 130 days after collection. The average snail density in the focus during the period of study was 16.3 snails per scoop. The shedding of cercariae by snails collected from the field was compared with laboratory bred specimens infected in mass with the LE strain of S. mansoni from Belo Horizonte. The laboratory infected snails shed an average of 6,061 cercariae each, a value 2.8 times less than the field specimens due to a shorter life span. The prevalence of schistosomiasis in the focus was 14.3%.A densidade planorbídica, as taxas de infecção e a produção mensal de cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni por Biomphalaria glabrata, foram determinadas em foco do Barreiro de Baixo (Belo Horizonte MG, Brasil. Durante 38 meses, de 1984 a 1987, foram capturados 5.366 moluscos dentre os quais 324 (6,03% estavam infectados com o S. mansoni. O total de cercárias eliminadas foi de 5.667.312. Cada molusco eliminou em média 17.422 cercárias durante sua permanência no laboratório. A maior longevidade dos moluscos infectados foi de 218 dias. Foi observada a cura natural de 42 (12,9% dos exemplares infectados, após cerca de 130 dias de captura. A densidade planorbídica média, no foco durante esse período foi de 16,3 moluscos por conchada. A eliminação de cercárias pelos moluscos do campo foi comparada com a de exemplares criados no laboratório, infectados

  20. Prevalência baixa de adenovírus em crianças com diarreia em Belo Horizonte-MG Low prevalence of adenoviruses in children with acute diarrhea in Belo Horizonte-MG

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    Ricardo Jenner Duarte

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos microrganismos são reconhecidos como agentes de diarreia aguda, entre eles, os adenovírus, cuja associação com a doença apresenta variações geográficas e é pouco conhecida no Brasil. OBJETIVOS: Investigar a presença de adenovírus em fezes de crianças com diarreia aguda e sem diarreia, em Belo Horizonte-MG, e estudar os fatores epidemiológicos associados à adenovirose intestinal. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: O teste imunocromatográfico qualitativo (kit VIKIA® Rota-Adeno, bioMérieux foi utilizado para pesquisa de antígenos de adenovírus em amostras fecais obtidas de 268 crianças com diarreia aguda e 124 sem diarreia, em 2005 e 2006, no Hospital Infantil João Paulo II, Belo Horizonte-MG. Dados laboratoriais, clínicos e epidemiológicos foram registrados em banco de dados (SPSS Statistical package, IBM. RESULTADOS: Adenovírus foi detectado nas fezes de 16 crianças (4,1%: 12 (4,5% com diarreia e quatro (3,2% sem diarreia. A virose foi mais comum em meninas e a distribuição etária da infecção foi homogênea. Entre as 16 crianças com infecção pelo vírus, 11 (68,8% tinham até 12 meses de idade. Entretanto, diferença significativa não foi observada para os parâmetros analisados. Distribuição sazonal da infecção por adenovírus não foi detectada. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos dados demonstram que a prevalência da adenovirose é baixa na população pediátrica no nosso meio.INTRODUCTION: Several microorganisms, among them enteric adenovirus, are widely recognized as etiological agents of acute diarrhea. The association between adenovirus and the disease varies among geographical regions and is poorly known in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the presence of adenovirus in stool samples from children with and without diarrhea in Belo Horizonte-MG. To study factors associated with enteric adenovirus infection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A qualitative immunochromatographic assay (kit VIKIA® Rota-Adeno, bio

  1. Network against Domestic Violence: : Mapping out the implementation of the Maria da Penha Law in the Contagem - Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Area

    OpenAIRE

    Parreiras, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the implementation process of Law 11.340/06, commonly known as the Maria da Penha Law, through a macro-study conducted in the Contagem–Belo Horizonte metropolitan area. Law 11.340/06 was created in 2006 by the Brazilian government to curb and prevent domestic violence in the country. This newly created law is important because domestic violence accounts for 70 % of all homicides against women in Brazil.  In order to conduct this study, the resear...

  2. Evaluation of the air quality in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: first results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte presents many industrial activities related to several industries, mainly mining activities, besides the high population concentration, which also contributes to several industrial typologies due to the existence of qualified work and to the vicinity of a future consumer market. This concentration of the population also implies in a great number of vehicles and, consequently, in big traffic jams. The particulate material is one of the pollutants which cause higher environmental risk and it is a mixture of solid and liquid particles in the air which form aerosols. These aerosols, which contain organic and inorganic substances, vary of size, form, composition and origin. In order to characterize the quality of the airborne particulate matter and identify the pollutant sources, a research is being developing in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. This paper is focused on presenting the methodology of sampling, determination of concentration of particulates, elemental concentration analysis by k0-Neutron Activation method and meteorological analysis, related to two sampling points, one at CDTN/CNEN and other at UFMG. (author)

  3. Evaluation of the air quality in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: first results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Igor Felipe Silva, E-mail: igorfelipedx@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (DEN/UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear; Cruz, Ananda Borjaille; Fonseca, Raquel Luiza M.; Barreto, Alberto Avellar; Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C., E-mail: abc@cdtn.br, E-mail: menezes@cdtn.br, E-mail: aab@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte presents many industrial activities related to several industries, mainly mining activities, besides the high population concentration, which also contributes to several industrial typologies due to the existence of qualified work and to the vicinity of a future consumer market. This concentration of the population also implies in a great number of vehicles and, consequently, in big traffic jams. The particulate material is one of the pollutants which cause higher environmental risk and it is a mixture of solid and liquid particles in the air which form aerosols. These aerosols, which contain organic and inorganic substances, vary of size, form, composition and origin. In order to characterize the quality of the airborne particulate matter and identify the pollutant sources, a research is being developing in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. This paper is focused on presenting the methodology of sampling, determination of concentration of particulates, elemental concentration analysis by k{sub 0}-Neutron Activation method and meteorological analysis, related to two sampling points, one at CDTN/CNEN and other at UFMG. (author)

  4. Levantamento malacológico em parques urbanos de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil A malacological survey in city parks in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Tito Guimarães

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Existem atualmente na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte 18 parques urbanos (também denominados "parques ecológicos" com coleções hídricas (lagoas, nascentes, córregos etc. Pesquisas iniciais em 17 destes parques mostraram a ocorrência de moluscos hospedeiros intermediários do Schistosoma mansoni em pelo menos quatro deles. Capturas mensais nestes parques, de agosto/94 a fevereiro/96, mostraram os seguintes resultados em relação aos planorbíneos: Parque Julien Rien: 1.145 exemplares de Biomphalaria glabrata (2 mm a 13 mm; Parque Betânia: 149 exemplares de B. glabrata (4 mm a 13 mm; Parque Santa Lúcia: 2.431 exemplares de B. straminea (3 mm a 9 mm e Parque Lagoa do Nado: três exemplares de B. tenagophila (3 mm a 10 mm. As visitas aos parques terão prosseguimento e, após um diagnóstico sobre a situação de cada parque, serão sugeridas às autoridades municipais medidas de controle e/ou erradicação adequadas a cada área.The Greater Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte currently contains 18 city parks (also known as "ecological parks" with various bodies of water (lakes, springs, streams, etc. Initial research in 17 of these parks showed the occurrence of intermediate mollusk hosts for Schistosoma mansoni in at least 4. Monthly captures done from August 1994 to February 1996 showed the following results for these planorbids: Julien Rien Park: 1,145 specimens of Biomphalaria glabrata (2 to 13 mm; Betânia Park: 149 specimens of B. glabrata (4 to 13 mm; Santa Lúcia Park: 2,431 specimens of B. straminea (3 to 9 mm; and Lagoa do Nado Park: 3 specimens of B. tenagophila (3 to 10 mm. Visits to the parks will continue, and after a diagnosis of each park's situation, control and/or eradication measures suitable for each one will be proposed to the municipal authorities.

  5. Dams in the Amazon: Belo Monte and Brazil's hydroelectric development of the Xingu River Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fearnside, Phillip M

    2006-07-01

    Hydroelectric dams represent major investments and major sources of environmental and social impacts. Powerful forces surround the decision-making process on public investments in the various options for the generation and conservation of electricity. Brazil's proposed Belo Monte Dam (formerly Kararaô) and its upstream counterpart, the Altamira Dam (better known by its former name of Babaquara) are at the center of controversies on the decision-making process for major infrastructure projects in Amazonia. The Belo Monte Dam by itself would have a small reservoir area (440 km2) and large installed capacity (11, 181.3 MW), but the Altamira/Babaquara Dam that would regulate the flow of the Xingu River (thereby increasing power generation at Belo Monte) would flood a vast area (6140 km2). The great impact of dams provides a powerful reason for Brazil to reassess its current policies that allocate large amounts of energy in the country's national grid to subsidized aluminum smelting for export. The case of Belo Monte and the five additional dams planned upstream (including the Altamira/Babaquara Dam) indicate the need for Brazil to reform its environmental assessment and licensing system to include the impacts of multiple interdependent projects. PMID:16738820

  6. Religião e Catolicismo em Belo Horizonte: dados de pesquisa e leitura teológico-pastoral (Religion and Catholicism in Belo Horizonte: research data and interpretation theological-pastoral - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1255

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    Roberlei Panasiewicz

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A dinamicidade do mundo atual chama a atenção. A rotatividade confronta-se com o permanente. Pensar ações pastorais no mundo atual supõe clara compreensão da realidade. Nesse sentido, a arquidiocese de Belo Horizonte encomendou uma pesquisa realizada em 2012 intitulada “Valores e religião na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte”. Essa reflexão pretende apresentar os dados dessa pesquisa e apontar desafios no âmbito teológico-pastoral. A pesquisa atesta a presença do pluralismo e da mobilidade religiosa e critica a falta de diálogo inter-religioso. Valoriza a moral social e questiona a moral sexual da Igreja Católica.  Apresenta satisfação em face as celebrações e sugere maior formação das lideranças religiosas. O grande desafio é pensar uma igreja toda ministerial. O diálogo entre clero e leigos deve ser uma constante, rompendo as centralizações. Revisitar a identidade eclesial, repensando os traços de sua especificidade e estando aberta à criatividade e ao espírito novo que deve conduzir o ser cristão é um desafio itinerante. Palavras-chave: Religião. Igreja Católica de Belo Horizonte. Identidade. Teologia. Pastoral.   Abstract The dynamics of today´s world calls our attention. Changes are confronted by permanence. To reflect on pastoral actions nowadays you need a clear understanding of reality. For this purpose, the Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, commissioned in 2012, a survey called “Values and religion in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte”. This article presents data from this survey and points out challenges in theological and pastoral sphere. This research confirms the presence of pluralism and religious mobility and criticizes the lack of inter-religious dialogue. It values the social morality and question the sexual morality of the Catholic Church. It also shows satisfaction concerning religious celebrations and suggests more training of religious leaders. The major challenges

  7. Conselheiros usuários do conselho municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte: características sociais e representatividade Councillors users of the municipal health council of Belo Horizonte: social characteristics and representativeness

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    Sílvia França Santos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação com os representantes dos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS em Conselhos Municipais de Saúde é uma realidade, pois mesmo com todo aparato jurídico que garante a paridade com relação aos demais membros, não se pode garantir a representatividade de sua participação. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi conhecer os Conselheiros Usuários do Conselho Municipal de Saúde de Belo Horizonte, suas características sociais, bem como sua relação com a base que representa. Foram aplicadas técnicas de pesquisa quantitativa para conhecer as características e qualitativa para avaliar o relacionamento com a base. Quanto às características encontradas, observa-se que os conselheiros são na maioria homens, aposentados e com baixa escolaridade. Os mandatos repetem-se sugerindo profissionalização dessa categoria. O relacionamento com a base apresenta limitações, principalmente quanto à comunicação, e, ao que tudo indica, a educação continuada dos conselheiros pode ser uma solução para esse problema.The concern about the representatives of the users of SUS (Brazil's National Health System in Municipal Health Councils is a reality, because even with all the legal apparatus that guarantees parity with regard to the other members, it is not possible to guarantee the quality of their participation. The objective of this research was to learn who the Councillors Users of the Municipal Health Council of Belo Horizonte are, their social characteristics, as well as their relation with the base they represent. Quantitative research techniques were applied to learn the characteristics, and qualitative techniques were employed to evaluate the relationship with the base. Regarding the characteristics, it was observed that the majority of the Councillors are retired men with low level of schooling. The terms of office are repeated, suggesting professionalization of this category. The relationship with the base has limitations, mainly

  8. Rotatividade na força de trabalho da rede municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: um estudo de caso Workforce turnover rates in the municipal health network in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: a case study

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    Leyla Gomes Sancho

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Diante da escassa elaboração de pesquisas sobre a rotatividade da força de trabalho no setor público de saúde no Brasil, este estudo objetivou avaliar o índice dessa rotatividade na rede municipal de saúde de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. A partir de reconhecida inscrição na literatura de um parâmetro para o índice de rotatividade na área hospitalar e com base na distribuição da frequência observada neste estudo, formalizou-se um novo parâmetro para a rede ambulatorial, bem como valores para os pontos de corte no que concerne à classificação dos seus níveis qualiquantitativos. Tais valores subsidiaram a análise do comportamento do índice de rotatividade em relação às seguintes variáveis: vínculos empregatícios, distritos sanitários, serviços de atenção à saúde, categorias profissionais e atenção primária e secundária à saúde. O índice geral de rotatividade na rede municipal no período estudado (julho de 2008 a junho de 2009 foi de 8,35%, que, mesmo diante da dificuldade de construção da base de dados, a qual adveio da existência de distintas fontes de informação, apresenta, em termos estatísticos, validade interna.Given the scarcity of studies on workforce turnover rates in the public health care industry in Brazil, the purpose of this study was to assess this rate in the municipal health care network of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Based on the acknowledged inclusion of a turnover rate parameter for the hospital area in the literature and on the frequency distribution noticed in this study, a new parameter for the outpatient network and values for the cutoff points were made formal to classify turnover on the qualiquantitative levels. These values are the base for the analysis of the turnover rate concerning these variables: employment contracts, sanitary districts, health care services, professional categories and primary and secondary health care. The overall turnover rate in the municipal

  9. Facial fractures: a 1-year retrospective study in a hospital in Belo Horizonte Fraturas de face: um estudo retrospectivo de 1 ano em um hospital de Belo Horizonte

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    Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective study was performed to assess facial fractures in patients treated at a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, in 2000. The data collected included age, gender, etiology, distribution of maxillofacial trauma considering day of the week and month, anatomic site of the fracture, and treatment. The analyses involved descriptive statistics and chi-squared test, Bonferroni test and analysis of variance. A total of 1,326 facial fractures were found in 911 patients. Most fractures occurred in adults with age ranging from 21 to 30 years. Men were more affected than women, with a male-female ratio of 4.69:1. Accidents causing facial fractures occurred predominantly on weekends. Bicycle and motorcycle accidents were the major cause of trauma, followed by interpersonal violence, automobile accidents, and falls. When the relation between the gender and the etiology of facial fractures was analyzed, a significant relation was noted between these variables (p Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado para avaliar fraturas faciais em pacientes atendidos no ano de 2000 em um hospital público de Belo Horizonte. As informações coletadas incluíam idade, sexo, etiologia, distribuição do trauma de acordo com o dia da semana e o mês, o local anatômico da fratura e o tratamento. As análises envolveram estatísticas descritivas, teste qui-quadrado, teste Bonferroni e análise de variância. Foram encontradas 1.326 fraturas de face em 911 pacientes. A maioria das fraturas ocorreu em adultos na faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos. Os homens foram mais acometidos do que as mulheres, numa proporção homem:mulher de 4,69:1. Os traumas causadores de fraturas faciais ocorreram predominantemente nos fins de semana. Os acidentes de moto e bicicleta foram a maior causa de trauma, seguidos por violência interpessoal, acidentes automobilísticos e quedas. Quando analisada a relação entre o gênero e a etiologia das fraturas de face, observou-se uma associa

  10. Descentralização, clientelismo e capital social na governança urbana: comparando Belo Horizonte e Salvador

    OpenAIRE

    Boschi Renato Raul

    1999-01-01

    In this comparison of Belo Horizonte?s and Salvador?s experiences within three arenas of local government, the article focuses on the viability of institutional arrangements based on decentralization and citizen participation. It concludes that the relative success achieved when inaugurating city master plans, participatory budgeting (where civil society has direct input in budget definitions), and sectoral councils (councils for decentralized policy issue areas) is linked to three factors: p...

  11. Treinamento muscular na face: a prática dos fonoaudiólogos de Belo Horizonte Facial muscular training: the practice of speech-language pathologists from Belo Horizonte

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    Grazielle Costa Coutrin

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prática do fonoaudiólogo que atua em motricidade orofacial em Belo Horizonte, acerca de treinamento muscular na face e comparar a conduta de profissionais com e sem especialização na área. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com aplicação de questionário a 60 fonoaudiólogos de Belo Horizonte, atuantes em motricidade orofacial, sendo 30 sem especialização e 30 com especialização na área. O instrumento apresentou a descrição de um caso clínico e 12 perguntas acerca de condutas em mioterapia. Para análise dos dados foram empregados os testes qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher, sendo considerado um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Na amostra pesquisada, 88,3% citaram exercícios isométricos, 63,3% indicaram freqüência de treinamento de três vezes ao dia e 81,7% sete dias por semana. A variação do tempo de contração muscular foi citada por 61,7%, sendo que 40,0% orientam aumento do tempo. Indicaram necessidade de variar o número de séries dos exercícios ao longo da terapia 50,0%, sendo que 26,7% destes citaram a diminuição. Quanto à freqüência, 43,3% consideraram necessário realizar variação ao longo da terapia, tendo 20,0% informado diminuir o número de vezes por dia e 23,3% diminuir o número de dias por semana. O tempo médio de quatro a seis meses para fonoterapia foi citado por 56,7% dos fonoaudiólogos. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos fonoaudiólogos citou empregar exercício isométrico, três vezes ao dia, sete dias por semana, com tempo médio de terapia entre quatro e seis meses. A conduta dos fonoaudiólogos com e sem especialização não apresentou diferença significante.PURPOSE: To verify the practice of the speech-language pathologist who acts in orofacial myology in Belo Horizonte - MG (Brazil concerning facial muscular training, and to compare orofacial myology specialists and nonspecialists' conducts. METHODS: Sectional study, with application of a questionnaire to 60 speech

  12. Acute schistosomiasis outbreak in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: alert about the risk of unnoticed transmission increased by growing rural tourism

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    Martin J Enk

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The present article describes the occurrence of 17 cases of acute schistosomiasis in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All individuals affected took a bath in a swimming pool of a holiday resort that was provided with water from a nearby brook. The apparently clean water and the absence of snails in the pool gave the wrong impression that there was no risk for infection. During a malacological survey at the site snails of the species Biomphalaria glabrata were found and tested positive for Schistosoma mansoni. All the patients live in the middle-class area of Barreiro, metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte and have medium grade school education. The difficulties in establishing the right diagnosis is expressed by the search for medical attention in 17 different medical facilities, the wide range of laboratory test and the inadequate treatment administration. A lack of knowledge about the disease was found in all groups studied. The booming rural tourism in endemic areas is identified as a probable risk factor for infection, especially for individuals of the non-immune middle and upper class parts of the society in urban centers. Special attention is given to a multidisciplinary approach to the complex issue of disease control and prevention.

  13. Acute schistosomiasis outbreak in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: alert about the risk of unnoticed transmission increased by growing rural tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enk, Martin J; Amorim, Amanda; Schall, Virginia T

    2003-09-01

    The present article describes the occurrence of 17 cases of acute schistosomiasis in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All individuals affected took a bath in a swimming pool of a holiday resort that was provided with water from a nearby brook. The apparently clean water and the absence of snails in the pool gave the wrong impression that there was no risk for infection. During a malacological survey at the site snails of the species Biomphalaria glabrata were found and tested positive for Schistosoma mansoni. All the patients live in the middle-class area of Barreiro, metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte and have medium grade school education. The difficulties in establishing the right diagnosis is expressed by the search for medical attention in 17 different medical facilities, the wide range of laboratory test and the inadequate treatment administration. A lack of knowledge about the disease was found in all groups studied. The booming rural tourism in endemic areas is identified as a probable risk factor for infection, especially for individuals of the non-immune middle and upper class parts of the society in urban centers. Special attention is given to a multidisciplinary approach to the complex issue of disease control and prevention. PMID:14595449

  14. An urban heat island in tropical area investigated by remote sensing: Belo Horizonte City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inappropriate urbanization process in tropical areas causes local climatic alterations forming heat islands over the cities. In order to guide urban planning in the control of the environmental urban quality, as for the thermal comfort is concerned, it has developed a method to evaluate the thermal behavior of built and urban green areas. Two TM-LANDSAT images from Belo Horizonte City, the study area, were chosen based on summer and winter typical days statistically characterized. Bands 3 and 4 of these images were combined to produce a local vegetation index map. Band 6 was used to observe the warmer and cooler areas in the city. Some heat nucleons were identified through data analysis of remote sensing, meteorological and urban land use. The mean maximum temperature of the principal heat nuclei exceeds, in summer, the limit value of diurnal thermal comfort for the city climate, using Givoni's Bioclimatic Chart. During the day period, the areas with a lower vegetation index, more density and predominating horizontal settlements were the most warmer. The cooling effect of urban green areas was very local. Thus, it should be regularly distributed in the built areas. The limits of occupation density and edification could be fixed, too, considering its impacts on the urban thermal environment

  15. Acute diarrhea associated with Salmonella enterica in Belo Horizonte-MG: prevalence and characterization of isolates Diarreia aguda associada a Salmonella enterica em Belo Horizonte-MG: prevalência e caracterização das amostras isoladas

    OpenAIRE

    Mireille Ângela Bernardes Sousa; Edilberto Nogueira Mendes; Francisco José Penna; Luciano Amedée Péret-Filho; Paula Prazeres Magalhães

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Acute infectious diarrhea is still regarded as a public health problem associated with a wide range of etiologic agents, from which Salmonella enterica is particularly worth mentioning inasmuch as it is a major cause of inflammatory diarrhea in both developed and developing countries. Objective: To assess the distribution of S. enterica among children with acute diarrhea in Belo Horizonte and to characterize bacterium isolates. Material and methods: The study group comprised a t...

  16. Spatial distribution of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brasil, 1994-1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, C D; Assunção, R M; Reis, I A; Proietti, F A

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we present spatial analysis of the association between all incidents cases of human Visceral Leishmaniasis and seropositive dogs, from 1994 to 1997 in Belo Horizonte, a large Brazilian city. We geocoded 158 human cases and 11,048 seropositive dogs and compared canine prevalence rates with Human Bayesian Incidence rates in the same areas. We also used Knox's test to evaluate the hypothesis of space-time clustering of human cases in the period. Additionally, we used Kernel's maps for seropositive dogs distribution and located the human cases in the resulting smooth maps. We concluded that human and dog rates are correlated. Also, the Visceral Leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte spread quickly, but apart from the rates' magnitude, it has kept the same spatial pattern through time. We believe it is possible to use this technique to choose areas to implement control measures against Visceral Leishmaniasis in a more efficient way. PMID:11679897

  17. Education and leisure: analyzing the Integrated School Program in Belo Horizonte

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    Marcília de Sousa Silva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the concepts of leisure and education that permeate the documents in the Integrated School Program in Belo Horizonte. The analysis was based on the Policy cycle approach and emphasized the contexts of influence and the policy text production. Thus, the formation of the political agenda, the Political Pedagogical Project Program and the Strategic Plan 2010-2030 BH were investigated. The policy context is not organized in a linear fashion; it is a process of groups of interest interaction. With the discourse of coping with school failure, revealed by the students’ yield and flow evaluation indices (approval, repetition and dropout, the Integrated School education documents announce education and leisure as forms of production, strengthening links between public and private. The right to education is restricted to children’s and youth’s access and permanence in school without creating a perspective of universalization and quality. The documents address the leisure with a simplistic view of construction and maintenance of equipment and the idea of activity

  18. Expanded commuting in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte: evidence for reverse commuting

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    Carlos Lobo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractLarge Brazilian cities, particularly those that have experienced rapid population growth since the middle of the last century, have exhibited significant signs of population dispersion in their peripheries in recent decades. A study of the population’s spatial redistribution in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MRBH confirms this finding. In the process of dispersion, the levels of urban commuting increase, and commuting becomes a relevant indicator of the degree of integration within the metropolis. This paper evaluates the current magnitude and main features of reverse commuting, as characterized by the daily displacements of the population that resides not in the periphery but rather in the core. Flows from the metropolitan core towards the peripheral municipalities are examined using sample microdata on the MRBH municipalities from the 2000 and 2010 demographic censuses by combining the variables of "municipality of residence" and "municipality of work/study." The results indicate an increase in reverse commuting in both absolute and relative terms. When this flow is compared totraditional commuting (periphery/center, the relative values are considerable. In some cases, this relationship reaches notably high values, as the case of Confins (the municipality where the international airport is located, and also municipalities that are part of a relatively old conurbation, such as Nova Lima and Betim.

  19. Seasonal variation of Lutzomyia longipalpis in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais

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    Resende Marcelo Carvalho de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Between October, 1997 and September, 1999 in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais a study of seasonal variation of Lutzomyia longipalpis was carried out in three distinct areas of the municipality. Sand flies were sampled at 15-day intervals in three residences, in each of which two CDC light traps were installed, one indoors and the other in the peridomicile. A total of 397 sand flies were captured in the three areas, with 65%, 30% and 1% of specimens collected in the eastern, northeast and Barreiro districts, respectively. The overall proportions of sand flies collected inside and around the houses were similar (57% vs 43% and this pattern was seen for both Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia whitmani . The highest population levels during the two years of the study were from October to March. From October onwards, numbers increased constantly until February. A gradual fall was seen from April onwards until the lowest levels were reached in the months of June, July and August.

  20. IDENTIDADE E TERRITÓRIO: SAGA, CONSTRUÇÃO E SITUAÇÃO DE ETNICIDADE ENTRE AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES (PA BELO HORIZONTE – PARÁ – BRASIL

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    Luiza Nazaré Mastop-Lima

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the endeavor of family farmers Settlement Project Belo Horizonte (BH PA, located in southeast Pará, to "keep" their collective identity and build of the territory of living from 30 years. The productive trajectories chosen by families, the height of productive systems, their decline, as well as the implementation of alternative production activities, show the dynamics of construction of the identity and the territory by family farmers. The build of diversified productive system, of the territoriality and the corresponding identity, make us reflect about the ethnicity situation of the group for to fight the appreciation and recognition of difference against universalizing public policies, socio-cultural diversity in the Territory Southeastern Pará-Brazil. The analysis is based on direct intervention experiences with the group, interviews with key people (events of the protagonists, direct observation and the notion of ethnodevelopment.

  1. Prevalence of Rheumatic Heart Disease in a Public School of Belo Horizonte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miranda, Lavinia Pimentel, E-mail: lavinia.pimentel@globo.com; Camargos, Paulo Augusto Moreira; Torres, Rosália Morais; Meira, Zilda Maria Alves [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2014-08-15

    Previous studies indicate that compared with physical examination, Doppler echocardiography identifies a larger number of cases of rheumatic heart disease in apparently healthy individuals. To determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease among students in a public school of Belo Horizonte by clinical evaluation and Doppler echocardiography. This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 267 randomly selected school students aged between 6 and 16 years. students underwent anamnesis and physical examination with the purpose of establishing criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. They were all subjected to Doppler echocardiography using a portable machine. Those who exhibited nonphysiological mitral regurgitation (MR) and/or aortic regurgitation (AR) were referred to the Doppler echocardiography laboratory of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Universidade Federal of Minas Gerais (HC-UFMG) to undergo a second Doppler echocardiography examination. According to the findings, the cases of rheumatic heart disease were classified as definitive, probable, or possible. Of the 267 students, 1 (0.37%) had a clinical history compatible with the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and portable Doppler echocardiography indicated nonphysiological MR and/or AR in 25 (9.4%). Of these, 16 (6%) underwent Doppler echocardiography at HC-UFMG. The results showed definitive rheumatic heart disease in 1 student, probable rheumatic heart disease in 3 students, and possible rheumatic heart disease in 1 student. In the population under study, the prevalence of cases compatible with rheumatic involvement was 5 times higher on Doppler echocardiography (18.7/1000; 95% CI 6.9/1000-41.0/1000) than on clinical evaluation (3.7/1000-95% CI)

  2. Prevalence of Rheumatic Heart Disease in a Public School of Belo Horizonte

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    Lavinia Pimentel Miranda

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Previous studies indicate that compared with physical examination, Doppler echocardiography identifies a larger number of cases of rheumatic heart disease in apparently healthy individuals. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease among students in a public school of Belo Horizonte by clinical evaluation and Doppler echocardiography. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 267 randomly selected school students aged between 6 and 16 years. students underwent anamnesis and physical examination with the purpose of establishing criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. They were all subjected to Doppler echocardiography using a portable machine. Those who exhibited nonphysiological mitral regurgitation (MR and/or aortic regurgitation (AR were referred to the Doppler echocardiography laboratory of the Hospital das Clínicas of the Universidade Federal of Minas Gerais (HC-UFMG to undergo a second Doppler echocardiography examination. According to the findings, the cases of rheumatic heart disease were classified as definitive, probable, or possible. Results: Of the 267 students, 1 (0.37% had a clinical history compatible with the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF and portable Doppler echocardiography indicated nonphysiological MR and/or AR in 25 (9.4%. Of these, 16 (6% underwent Doppler echocardiography at HC-UFMG. The results showed definitive rheumatic heart disease in 1 student, probable rheumatic heart disease in 3 students, and possible rheumatic heart disease in 1 student. Conclusion: In the population under study, the prevalence of cases compatible with rheumatic involvement was 5 times higher on Doppler echocardiography (18.7/1000; 95% CI 6.9/1000-41.0/1000 than on clinical evaluation (3.7/1000-95% CI.

  3. Epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in the city of Belo Horizonte (MG, from 2002 to 2008

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    Dener Carlos dos Reis

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the epidemiological profile of tuberculosis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, from 2002 to 2008. Methods: For descriptive epidemiological study, the data were obtained from the municipal National Health Surveillance System, after obtaining approval from the Research Ethics Committee at the City Health Department. Incidence coefficient, average rates and stratified data analysis with significance level of p ≤ 0.05 were calculated. Results: About 7.590 new tuberculosis cases were reported between 2002 and 2008. There was a slight reduction in the number of cases throughout the historical trend, with an average annual incidence rate of 46/100,000 inhabitants. The study also showed a male gender ratio of 1.84:1, a higher incidence coefficient in the age group between 40 and 59 years old (73/100,000 and a higher incidence of tuberculosis among people who only had primary education level. Pulmonary tuberculosis was the most prevalent form in every year of the study (p < 0,001. Among the cases reported with associated diseases, alcoholism was registered in 47.9% and AIDS in 34.5%. Between 2002 and 2008, there was an increasing trend of cases treated under Directly Observed Treatment, accounting for 29.5% in total. Cure percentage rate was below the expected result (67.3% and non-adherence to treatment showed a high total percentage (17.9%. Conclusion: The results indicated that tuberculosis control actions need to be intensified with investments on professional training, systemic audits of the information system, improved integration between AIDS/tuberculosis programs and raising awareness of the disease with the goal of mobilizing the society.

  4. Eventos Gastronômicos e Estratégias de Marketing: O Festival Comida Di Buteco em Belo Horizonte, MG.Eventos Gastronômicos e Estratégias de Marketing: O Festival Comida Di Buteco, em Belo Horizonte, MG / Gastronomic Events and Marketing Strategies: The Fes

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    Graziela Da Silva Suzuki

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Os eventos são considerados como estratégias de comunicação no composto de marketing. Sendo assim, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo identificar o Retorno Sobre Investimento (ROI da participação no festival gastronômico “Comida di Buteco”. Para tanto, utilizam-se teorias do marketing de relacionamento, da comunicação, da retenção e uma adaptação das categorias propostas pela metodologia ROI, de Phillips. Foram realizadas 12 entrevistas com os gestores e proprietários de bares participantes do festival. A técnica de análise dos dados foi a do discurso do sujeito coletivo (DSC. Palavras-chave: Gastronomia. Evento Gastronômico. Marketing de relacionamento. Festival Comida di Buteco. Belo Horizonte, MG. Gastronomic Events and Marketing Strategies: The Festival ‘Comida Di Buteco’ - Events are considered as communication strategies in the marketing mix. Thus, this study aims to identify the Return on Investment (ROI participation in the gastronomic festival ‘Comida de Buteco [Food di Buteco]. The methodology uses theories of relationship marketing, communication, retention and the adaptation of the categories proposed by the Phillips ROI methodology. 12 interviews with managers and owners of bars were made. Data analysis technique was that of the CSD. Keywords: Gastronomy. Gastronomic Event. Relationship marketing. Food Festival. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

  5. Atitudes e motivações em relação ao consumo de alimentos orgânicos em Belo Horizonte - MG Attitudes and motivations towards organic foods consumption in Belo Horizonte, MG

    OpenAIRE

    Luísa Mol Senna Andrade; Michele Corrêa Bertoldi

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o mercado consumidor de alimentos orgânicos em Belo Horizonte-MG, incluindo o perfil socioeconômico e o comportamento dos consumidores, sua percepção e seu conhecimento sobre alimentos orgânicos, além das principais motivações e limitações em relação ao consumo desses produtos. Uma pesquisa descritiva direta e estruturada (survey) foi realizada com 400 consumidores de alimentos orgânicos, por meio da aplicação de questionários semiestruturados. A maior...

  6. Spatial distribution of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brasil, 1994-1997 Distribuição espacial da leishmaniose visceral humana e canina em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1994-1997

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    Cláudia Di Lorenzo Oliveira

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present spatial analysis of the association between all incidents cases of human Visceral Leishmaniasis and seropositive dogs, from 1994 to 1997 in Belo Horizonte, a large Brazilian city. We geocoded 158 human cases and 11,048 seropositive dogs and compared canine prevalence rates with Human Bayesian Incidence rates in the same areas. We also used Knox's test to evaluate the hypothesis of space-time clustering of human cases in the period. Additionally, we used Kernel's maps for seropositive dogs distribution and located the human cases in the resulting smooth maps. We concluded that human and dog rates are correlated. Also, the Visceral Leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte spread quickly, but apart from the rates' magnitude, it has kept the same spatial pattern through time. We believe it is possible to use this technique to choose areas to implement control measures against Visceral Leishmaniasis in a more efficient way.Neste artigo, apresentamos uma análise espacial da associação entre todos os casos incidentes de leishmaniose visceral e em cães soropositivos ocorridos em Belo Horizonte no período de 1994 a 1997. Geocodificamos 158 casos humanos e 11.048 cães positivos, comparamos as taxas de prevalência canina por área e as taxas Bayesianas de incidência da doença humana nas mesmas áreas. Usamos o teste de Knox para testar a hipótese de cluster espaço temporal entre os casos humanos no período examinado. Adicionalmente, construímos Mapas de Kernel para cães soropositivos e sobrepusemos os casos humanos em quatro áreas. Os resultados apontam para correlação entre casos humanos e caninos. Além disso, a leishmaniose visceral espalhou-se rapidamente em Belo Horizonte, embora tenha mantido o mesmo padrão durante os anos analisados. Acreditamos ser possível o uso das técnicas empregadas para priorizar áreas onde as medidas de controle devem ser implementadas.

  7. Intenção de uso de preservativo masculino entre jovens estudantes de Belo Horizonte: um alerta aos ginecologistas Condom use intention among young students in Belo Horizonte: an alert to gynecologists

    OpenAIRE

    Eliane Bragança de Matos; Ricardo Teixeira Veiga; Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis

    2009-01-01

    OBJETIVO: pesquisar fatores que motivam a prática de sexo seguro, investigando os antecedentes da intenção de uso do preservativo masculino na população de jovens estudantes da cidade de Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: um levantamento, baseado na Teoria do Comportamento Planejado (TCP), foi realizado em amostra de 732 estudantes, com idade entre 18 e 19 anos. Utilizando-se regressão múltipla em dados obtidos com questionário anônimo, investigou-se a importância de antecedentes da intenção de usar pr...

  8. Discursos, práticas organizativas e pichação em Belo Horizonte

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    Glauce Cristine Ferreira Santos Viegas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A cidade tem sido encarada tradicionalmente na Administração sob a ótica funcionalista, ao ser entendida como campo de atuação profissional ou objeto da administração pública e gestão urbana. Todavia, estudos que versam sobre a urbes em uma perspectiva não-funcionalista tem se tornado cada vez mais recorrente, principalmente, a partir de uma visão que focaliza a complexidade urbana e evoca a vida social organizada de indivíduos e grupos oprimidos em diversos âmbitos sociais. Neste artigo buscamos analisar os discursos que orientam práticas organizativas relacionadas à pichação em Belo Horizonte, o que foi feito mediante um estudo qualitativo baseado em análise do discurso. Além de pesquisa em documentos oficiais sobre as ações governamentais no combate à pichação, foram efetuadas entrevistas individuais em profundidade com nove sujeitos, entre gestores públicos municipais responsáveis pelo combate à pichação, indivíduos da sociedade civil participantes das ações do projeto municipal, e representantes da pichação belo horizontina. O tratamento dos dados foi efetuado por meio da análise do discurso francesa, pela qual se buscou a identificação e análise de aspectos e elementos discursivos segundo roteiro constituído por: i seleções lexicais; ii percursos semânticos; iii interdiscursividades; iv discursos principais; v reflexão e refração linguísticas; vi aspectos ideológicos combatidos e defendidos; e vii posicionamentos discursivos em relação aos discursos hegemônicos na sociedade. Os principais resultados sugerem que o governo da cidade tanto orienta as representações de combate à pichação como é pressionado para enfrentar o fenômeno segundo os vários modos de fazer, pelos quais imperam os instrumentos de controle sobre as práticas de organização da cidade e se instituem agentes sociourbanos de legitimação estratégica. Conclui-se que a gestão pública é ressignificada pelos

  9. Descentralização, clientelismo e capital social na governança urbana: comparando Belo Horizonte e Salvador

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    Boschi Renato Raul

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available In this comparison of Belo Horizonte?s and Salvador?s experiences within three arenas of local government, the article focuses on the viability of institutional arrangements based on decentralization and citizen participation. It concludes that the relative success achieved when inaugurating city master plans, participatory budgeting (where civil society has direct input in budget definitions, and sectoral councils (councils for decentralized policy issue areas is linked to three factors: prior decentralization processes; articulation between different decision-making units; and, above all, the neutralization of clientelistic control mechanisms through the introduction of horizontal loyalty networks and spaces of representation that in the final analysis will foster greater social capital and accountability.

  10. Dinâmica da institucionalização de idosos em Belo Horizonte, Brasil

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    Chaimowicz Flávio

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O processo de envelhecimento populacional brasileiro tem sido acompanhado por transformações epidemiológicas e sociais que, em outros países, aumentaram a demanda por instituições de longa permanência. Nesse sentido, desenvolveu-se estudo sobre dinâmica da institucionalização de idosos através da análise da oferta de leitos e características demográficas dos residentes em asilos. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado levantamento dos asilos de idosos do Município de Belo Horizonte, MG. Foram registradas datas de nascimento e admissão de 1.128 residentes de 33 dos 40 asilos em funcionamento no município. A lotação foi calculada através da capacidade informada e da taxa de institucionalização, segundo dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD. RESULTADOS: As taxas de institucionalização de idosos (65+ do município foram 0,9% (mulheres e 0,3% (homens. A lotação mediana dos asilos era de 92%. Dentre os 1.128 residentes arrolados (92,5% do total, as mulheres (81% apresentavam maiores médias de idade (76,4 x 70,4 anos; p=0,00 e estada (5,6 x 4,5 anos; p=0,01. DISCUSSÃO/CONCLUSÕES: Elevada lotação, listas de espera nos asilos filantrópicos (85% do total e rígidos critérios para admissão (metade recusava idosos demenciados ou dependentes sugerem que a baixa taxa de institucionalização se deve à escassez de vagas. A predominância de idosas reflete a prevalência de viúvas ou separadas na comunidade (66% contra 76% de homens casados. A proporção de homens adultos (31% < 65 anos sugere dificuldade de se auto-sustentarem após a viuvez. Elevada taxa de mortalidade (24% durante 20 meses de acompanhamento de amostra aleatória de 263 residentes, incompatível com o rigor dos critérios de admissão, determina a baixa mediana de estada (3 anos. Os dados refletem o anacronismo de um sistema não direcionado à manutenção dos idosos em seus próprios domicílios.

  11. Impacto do Programa Fica Vivo na redução dos homicídios em comunidade de Belo Horizonte Impacto del Programa Permanezca Vivo en la reducción de los homicidios en comunidad de Belo Horizonte, Sureste de Brasil Impact of the Staying Alive Program on the reduction of homicides in a community in Belo Horizonte

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    Andréa Maria Silveira

    2010-06-01

    urbanizaciones de la ciudad, en cada una de las fases del Programa. Para evaluar la hipótesis de que la reducción de los homicidios resultó de las acciones implementadas por el Programa, fue elaborado un modelo estadístico basado en modelos lineales generalizados. RESULTADOS: En los primeros seis meses se obtuvo 69% de reducción en el número promedio de homicidios. En los períodos de retroceso y retomada parcial del Programa, el efecto de reducción de los homicidios disminuyó, pero la diferencia entre coeficientes con el obtenido en el período inicial no fue estadísticamente significativo. Aún con la retomada integral del Programa, el efecto continuó similar a los dos períodos anteriores, probablemente porque el programa fue implantado en otros barrios violentos de la ciudad. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados señalan que el modelo del Programa Fica Vivo puede constituir una importante alternativa para prevención de homicidios contra jóvenes en comunidades que presenten características semejantes a las de la experiencia piloto en el Morro das Pedras.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a homicide prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was performed using time series analysis of homicide incidence in the Morro das Pedras area in the city of Belo Horizonte, Southeastern Brazil, from 2002 to 2006. The number of homicides occurring in this location was compared to other violent and non-violent favelas and to other neighborhoods of the city, during each of the Program phases. To test the hypothesis that homicide reduction was caused by the actions implemented by the program, a statistical model was developed based on generalized linear models. RESULTS: In the first six months a 69% reduction in the number of homicides was obtained. During the other Program periods, the effect on the reduction of homicides lessened, but the difference among coefficients compared to the initial period was not statistically significant. Even with full Program implementation

  12. Efeitos de um programa de educação infantil em famílias de catadores de papel de Belo Horizonte Efectos de un programa de educación infantil en familias de cartoneros de Belo Horizonte Effect of one program of infantile education in families of catadores of paper of Belo Horizonte

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    Beatriz Graveli de Sousa Barbosa; Marisa Ribeiro Teixeira Duarte; Adriana Cancela Duarte

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta os percursos teórico-metodológicos e os resultados de um estudo sobre a avaliação de impacto do Programa Primeira Escola da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Belo Horizonte sobre as famílias das crianças que se encontravam matriculadas na Unidade Municipal de Educação Infantil - UMEI - Carlos Prates - Danielle Mitterrand, no ano de 2004. A pesquisa buscou dados sobre a situação das crianças e suas famílias no ano de 2004, quando a UMEI foi inaugurada, e em 2008, quando foi rea...

  13. Implementação da estratégia Atenção Integrada às Doenças Prevalentes na Infância no Nordeste, Brasil Investigación sobre uso de medicamentos por ancianos jubilados, Belo Horizonte,MG Implementation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses strategy in Northeastern Brazil

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    João Joaquim Freitas do Amaral

    2008-08-01

    ás, residentes en Belo Horizonte (sudeste de Brasil, en 2003. Los ancianos fueron entrevistados por farmacéuticos, utilizando cuestionario padronizado. Fueron estimadas la prevalencia de uso y la media de medicamentos usados en los últimos 15 días anteriores a la entrevista, las cuales fueron estratificadas de acuerdo con el género según variables sociodemográficas y de salud. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de uso de medicamentos fue de 90,1%, significativamente más alto entre las mujeres (93,4% de que entre los hombres (84,3%. Mujeres utilizaron en media 4,6±3,2 productos y hombres 3,3±2,6 (pOBJECTIVE: The majority of child deaths are avoidable. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses strategy, developed by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, aims to reduce child mortality by means of actions to improve performance of health professionals, the health system organization, and family and community practices. The article aimed to describe factors associated with the implementation of this strategy in three states of Northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Ecological study conducted in 443 municipalities in the states of Northeastern Brazil Ceará, Paraíba and Pernambuco, in 2006. The distribution of economic, geographic, environmental, nutritional, health service organization, and child mortality independent variables were compared between municipalities with and without the strategy. These factors were assessed by means of a hierarchical model, where Poisson regression was used to calculate the prevalence ratios, after adjustment of confounding factors. RESULTS: A total of 54% of the municipalities studied had the strategy: in the state of Ceará, 65 had it and 43 did not have it; in the state of Paraíba, 27 had it and 21 did not have it; and in the state of Pernambuco, 147 had it and 140 did not have it. After controlling for confounding factors, the following variables were found to be significantly associated with the absence of the

  14. Padrão de mortalidade da comunidade judaica de Belo Horizonte no século XX Mortality pattern of jewish community of Belo Horizonte in the XXth century

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    Débora Balabram

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Fatores genéticos e ambientais são conhecidos por sua importância na gênese de grande parte das doenças. É possível estudá-los pela observação da prevalência de agravos nas populações, bem como das causas de mortalidade, buscando-se uma correlação com os hábitos sociais e origens étnicas e familiares dos indivíduos. Nestes estudos, destacam-se as comunidades nas quais podem-se verificar vínculos sociais e genéticos entre seus membros. A comunidade judaica de Belo Horizonte se encaixa nesses critérios. Ela se consolidou na década de 20 do século passado e, atualmente, a Federação Israelita de Minas Gerais (FISEMG tem cadastro de aproximadamente 600 famílias. Este estudo pretende definir o padrão de mortalidade nessa comunidade, e como ele se modificou a partir de sua formação. MÉTODOS: Foram recuperados dados a partir dos arquivos do Instituto Histórico Israelita Mineiro, da FISEMG e dos Cemitérios Israelita e do Bonfim, oriundos de registros históricos e guias de sepultamento, no período de 1926 a 2003. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 601 registros de óbitos, sendo 61,6% de homens e 38,4% de mulheres. As doenças infecto-parasitárias, dentre elas a tuberculose, ocorreram com maior freqüência nas décadas de 30 e 40 e decresceram nas décadas seguintes. As doenças do aparelho circulatório foram as causas de óbito mais prevalentes a partir da década de 40. CONCLUSÃO: Houve mudança nos padrões de mortalidade da população judaica de Belo Horizonte.OBJECTIVE: Genetic and environmental factors are known for their importance in the genesis of the majority of diseases. It is possible to study them through the observation of prevalence of diseases, and also the mortality causes, relating it to social habits and ethnical and familial origins of the individuals. In those studies, communities in which there are social and genetic links stand out. The jewish community of Belo Horizonte fits these criteria

  15. Pediculose capitis: prevalência em escolares da Rede Municipal Pública de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Pediculosis capitis: prevalence in students of the public school network of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brasil

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    Pedro Marcos Linardi

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available During 1985, 50,356 children and adolecents from 105 public schools of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State were questioned about or examined for head lice (Pediculus capitis. The mean prevalence of pediculosis, obtainde from the questionnaires and sometimes confirmed by head inspections, was 7.7% or else 10.2% when adjusted to 38,311 respondents. Current and past infestations combined - within a period of three months before survey - revealed a total prevalence of 57.4%. Significant differences were observed among socioeconomic levels, and grades of school age. The more prevalent categories among the factors studied were: sex - femal: 9.2% (P<0.001; ethnic group - white: 10.0% (P<0.001; hair length - long: 9.5% (P<0.05; year age-group - 1-5 years: 19.2% (P<0.001, with a peak in the 5th year (21.3%.

  16. Contornando o Estigma: uma análise dos estúdios de tatuagens em Belo Horizonte

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    Silva, Alexsandra Nascimento da

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Small businesses are vital to the economy, contributing to PIB and to job creation. Howerver, most part of these businesses have difficult to survive, what reveals problems in theirs managament processes. They reproduce, in a micor scale, models of capitalist industrial large corporations from developed countries. Strategy as social practice is a very adequate approach to understand dynamics of small business, because it considers business routines and admits other rationalities basides economic one influencing business processes. In this paper, we deal with comprehension of strategies of tattoo’s studios in Belo Horizonte, businesses with services considered social stigma. Through a multicase study, based mainly on interviews with tatooist and tatooed, data was interpreted acoording discourse analysis. Main results suggest that strategies in this business are associated to a ressignification of tatoo to, through modification of image, from marginal to work of art, be possible bypass social stigma in body corporal and keep business with economic viability.

  17. CÁLCULO DO PREÇO DA DIETA ESSENCIAL MÍNIMA NOS MERCADOS DE BELO HORIZONTE

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    Edméa Costa Silva de Melo

    1978-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMORealizou-se o levantamento do preço da Dieta Essencial Mínima nos mercados de Belo Horizonte.Foi verificado a diferença de 76% Salário Família en'tre o maior e menor preço.Como educadores para saúde, cabe a Enfermagem orientar os indivíduos onde adquirir a dieta pelo melhor preço, incentivar a utilização das frutas nacionais e legumes da época, corrigir os tabús alimentares, bem como fornecer outras informações que possam melhorar seu estado nutricional.

  18. Efeitos de um programa de educação infantil em famílias de catadores de papel de Belo Horizonte Efectos de un programa de educación infantil en familias de cartoneros de Belo Horizonte Effect of one program of infantile education in families of catadores of paper of Belo Horizonte

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    Beatriz Graveli de Sousa Barbosa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os percursos teórico-metodológicos e os resultados de um estudo sobre a avaliação de impacto do Programa Primeira Escola da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Belo Horizonte sobre as famílias das crianças que se encontravam matriculadas na Unidade Municipal de Educação Infantil - UMEI - Carlos Prates - Danielle Mitterrand, no ano de 2004. A pesquisa buscou dados sobre a situação das crianças e suas famílias no ano de 2004, quando a UMEI foi inaugurada, e em 2008, quando foi realizado o trabalho de campo. Os dados empíricos possibilitaram avaliar o impacto da UMEI na renda e no orçamento familiar, nos hábitos de higiene, na saúde e no desenvolvimento cognitivo das crianças.Este artículo presenta la trayectoria teórico-metodológica y los resultados del estudio respecto a la evaluación del impacto del Programa Primera Escuela de la Red Municipal de Enseñanza de Belo Horizonte hacia las familias de los niños que estabam matriculados en la Unidad Municipal de Educación Infantil - UMEI - Carlos prates - Danielle Miterrand, en el año 2004. La investigación buscó datos sobre la situación de los niños y sus famílias en el año 2004, cuando se puso en funcionamiento la UMEI y, también, 2008, cuando fue realizada la investigación de campo. Los datos empíricos posibilitaron que se evaluara el impacto de la UMEI en la renta y en el presupuesto familiar, en los hábitos de higiene, en la salud y en el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños.This paper presents the theoretical-methodological paths and results of the study on assessment of the impact of the First School Program of Belo Horizonte's Municipal Education Network over the families of children that were enrolled in the Unidade Municipal de Educação Infantil [Municipal Unit of Early Childhood Education] - UMEI - Carlos Prates - Danielle Mitterrand in 2004. The survey collected data on the situation of children and their families in 2004, when UMEI was

  19. A qualidade da prescrição de antimicrobianos em ambulatórios públicos da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Belo Horizonte, MG The quality of antibiotics prescription in public health services of Belo Horizonte, MG

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    Patrícia de Magalhães Abrantes

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investiga o uso de antimicrobianos e os padrões de prescrição e identifica os antimicrobianos mais freqüentemente prescritos nas unidades do serviço público de saúde de Belo Horizonte, MG. O estudo foi observacional, transversal de investigação da utilização da prescrição de antibacterianos em unidades públicas de saúde de Belo Horizonte, a partir da avaliação de amostra de prontuários e prescrições dispensadas no mês de março de 2002. A pediatria apresentou o maior índice de prescrição de antimicrobianos. A amoxicilina foi o antibacteriano mais prescrito. As hipóteses diagnósticas registradas com maior freqüência foram infecções das vias aéreas superiores, tonsilite e otite média. O percentual de inadequação entre hipótese diagnóstica registrada e antimicrobiano prescrito foi superior a 25%. Observou-se variabilidade nos tempos de tratamento instituídos e, em cerca de 10% das prescrições, o dado estava ausente. Verificou-se uma ausência sistem��tica de registro de informações gerais no prontuário. O estudo demonstrou a necessidade de intervenções que assegurarem o cumprimento dos protocolos como forma de garantir o uso adequado dos antimicrobianos.This study investigates the use of antibiotics and prescribing patterns and identifies the antibiotics most frequently prescribed in public health units of Belo Horizonte, MG. The methods used were observational, cross-sectional study aimed at analyzing the consistency between a sample of medical records and antibiotic prescriptions dispensed during March 2002 in eleven public health units in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Pediatrics showed the highest proportion of antibiotic prescribing among four specialties; amoxicillin was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic, followed by benzathine penicillin G, sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, and erythromycin. Upper respiratory tract infections, tonsillitis, acute otitis media and urinary

  20. Características demográficas e psicossociais associadas à depressão pós-parto em uma amostra de Belo Horizonte Demographic and psychosocial characteristics associated with postpartum depression in a sample from Belo Horizonte

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    Patricia Gomes Figueira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A depressão pós-parto (DPP tem sido alvo de inúmeras investigações científicas devido à sua alta prevalência e gravidade e também por suas repercussões negativas na puérpera e na criança. OBJETIVO:Comparar mulheres com e sem DPP em um grupo de puérperas selecionadas aleatoriamente a partir dos partos ocorridos em uma maternidade de Belo Horizonte (MG. MÉTODOS: Selecionamos 245 mulheres que tiveram parto em uma maternidade de Belo Horizonte. Aplicamos uma entrevista semiestruturada para a obtenção de dados psicossociais e demográficos e uma entrevista estruturada (Mini Neuropsychiatric Interview, MINI-Plus para o diagnóstico de depressão maior segundo critérios do Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV. RESULTADOS:26,9% das mulheres tinham diagnóstico de DPP. Não encontramos diferenças entre as características sociodemográficas das mulheres com (n = 66, 26,9% e sem diagnóstico de DPP (n = 179, 73,1%. Entretanto, diversas variáveis clínicas e psicossociais se mostraram significativamente diferentes entre os dois grupos, tais como história de depressão, vivência de estresse ou presença de sintomas depressivos ou ansiosos durante a gravidez, ocorrência de complicações maternas ou na criança no pós-parto e insuficiência de suporte nos cuidados pós-natais. CONCLUSÃO: A identificação de fatores associados à DPP é importante para a compreensão de sua etiopatogenia e para o estabelecimento de estratégias de prevenção e tratamento precoce dessa grave doença.INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression has been the object of extensive research both because of its high prevalence and its repercussions on the mother and the infant. OBJECTIVE:To compare women with and without depression in a sample of postpartum women randomly selected at a maternity in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: A total of 245 women who gave birth at a private maternity hospital in

  1. Políticas para a inclusão: estudo realizado em uma Escola Estadual de Belo Horizonte Policies for inclusion: study in a State School in Belo Horizonte

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    Maria Auxiliadora Monteiro Oliveira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho, centrado nas Políticas Públicas para a Educação Inclusiva, enfatiza a formação de professores para trabalharem com alunos que apresentam necessidades educacionais especiais. A pesquisa, realizada em 2007/2008, em uma Escola Estadual de Belo Horizonte, objetivou investigar a capacitação de docentes para essa modalidade de educação e avaliar o processo de inclusão dos mencionados alunos, em uma escola estadual de BH. Metodologicamente, optou-se pela denominada pesquisa "Quali-Quanti", na qual se aplicou um questionário que desenhou o perfil de 25 professoras da escola. Em termos qualitativos, foram entrevistadas 10 docentes, a diretora da escola e a gerente da Diretoria de Educação Especial (DEEP. Em síntese, foram estes os dados coletados: todas as professoras eram favoráveis à Educação Inclusiva; nenhuma delas tinha capacitação para trabalhar com essa educação e, apenas duas conheciam um pouco da legislação sobre a Educação Inclusiva; todas afirmaram tanto ter dificuldade de lidar com os referidos alunos quanto ser significativa a evasão escolar dos mesmos.This article, focusing on Public Policies for Inclusive Education, emphasizes the formation of teachers to work with students who have special educational needs. The survey, conducted in 2007/2008 in a State School in Belo Horizonte aimed to investigate the training of teachers for the education, evaluate the process of inclusion of students mentioned in a government school in BH. Methodologically, we focused on the questionnaire that drew the outline of 25 teachers from the school. Ten teachers were interviewed, the school director and the manager of the Directorate of Special Education (DEEP. In synthesis, these data were collected: all teachers were in favor of Inclusive Education, none of which had capacity to work with this education, only two knew a bit of legislation on inclusive education, all said both have difficulty dealing with those

  2. Conteúdo básico comum: ensino de arte em escolas públicas estaduais de Belo Horizonte/MG Common basic contents: teaching art in public schools in Belo Horizonte/MG

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    Pedro Pires Bessa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Procuramos captar como se dá, na prática, a implementação do Conteúdo Básico Comum, o CBC, de Arte - atual Proposta Curricular do Estado - no primeiro ano do Ensino Médio, em duas escolas públicas estaduais localizadas na cidade de Belo Horizonte/MG. Optou-se por pesquisar somente escolas (pólo de Ensino Médio, uma classificada como Escola Referência, a outra, não. Visamos a mostrar as conclusões relativas à proposta pedagógica em Arte das escolas pesquisadas; o planejamento do arteeducador, verificando as possibilidades de um diálogo entre este e o CBC/Arte; a colaboração dos agentes informadores; bem como a perspectiva do alunado quanto aos aspectos conceituais, procedimentais e atitudinais oferecidos nas aulas de Arte. Longe de se querer, a partir da análise de duas escolas, generalizar os resultados, pretende-se que, ao elucidar questões presentes nas escolas pesquisadas, possam elas servir de reflexão e signifiquem uma contribuição a outras escolas, a professores e pesquisadores.We try to capture, as it is happening, the practical implementation of "Common Basic Contents, CBC, of Art - the current Curricular Proposal of the State - in the 1st year of secondary school, in two state public schools, both located in the city of Belo Horizonte/MG. We chose to research only schools (two secondary schools, poles apart in performance levels one classified as a Reference School; the other, not. We aim to draw our conclusions with relation to the pedagogical Art proposal of the school being studied; the art educator's planning process providing the opportunity for exploring what possibilities exist for a dialogue between the school proposal and that of CBC/Art; the cooperation of all agents able to inform (shed light on the process; not least, the perspective of the student body, but equally the conceptual, procedural and attitudinal aspects presented in Art classes. Far from intending to generalize results, having only

  3. Evolução da mortalidade infantil por causas evitáveis, Belo Horizonte, 1984-1998

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    Antônio Prates Caldeira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a evolução da mortalidade infantil em região urbana com enfoque para o grupamento de causas evitáveis no período neonatal e pós-neonatal. MÉTODOS: O número de óbitos ocorridos na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, MG, foi obtido do Sistema de Informações em Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde (SIM-MS e o número de nascidos vivos foi estimado a partir das estatísticas do registro civil da Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE, com correção dos registros atrasados de nascimentos. Utilizou-se modelo de regressão linear simples para estimar a tendência temporal das taxas de mortalidade infantil e seus componentes. A significância estatística da inclinação das curvas de regressão foi considerada para o nível p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Foi observado decréscimo da taxa de mortalidade infantil de 48,5 para 22,1 por mil nascidos vivos em toda a região. Entretanto, a queda mais acentuada foi observada nos últimos quatro anos da série. O componente pós-neonatal foi o principal responsável pelo declínio tanto na capital como nos demais municípios que compõem a região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. CONCLUSÕES: Embora tenha sido observada para a região uma queda significativa da mortalidade infantil e particularmente da mortalidade pós-neonatal, esta última ainda se apresenta elevada em relação aos países desenvolvidos. As afecções perinatais e o grupamento diarréia-pneumonia-desnutrição representam importante potencial de redução. Discute-se o papel dos serviços de saúde na evitabilidade de tais óbitos.

  4. Atitudes e motivações em relação ao consumo de alimentos orgânicos em Belo Horizonte - MG Attitudes and motivations towards organic foods consumption in Belo Horizonte, MG

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    Luísa Mol Senna Andrade

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar o mercado consumidor de alimentos orgânicos em Belo Horizonte-MG, incluindo o perfil socioeconômico e o comportamento dos consumidores, sua percepção e seu conhecimento sobre alimentos orgânicos, além das principais motivações e limitações em relação ao consumo desses produtos. Uma pesquisa descritiva direta e estruturada (survey foi realizada com 400 consumidores de alimentos orgânicos, por meio da aplicação de questionários semiestruturados. A maioria dos consumidores era do gênero feminino (76,0%, com idade superior a 30 anos (90,3%, em união estável (81,3%, graduados (81,5% e com renda familiar elevada (acima de 12 S.M.⁄mês (78,7%. A maioria definiu alimento orgânico como um alimento isento de resíduos de agrotóxicos (69,7%. Alimentos orgânicos foram mencionados conter maiores níveis de nutrientes do que os convencionais (82,0%, além de serem isentos de organismos geneticamente modificados (75,0% e produtos químicos sintéticos (86,0%. A maioria mostrou preocupação em manter hábitos de vida saudáveis, sendo que 80,5% exercitavam-se regularmente e 49,2% já haviam feito alguma dieta ou recebido orientações nutricionais. Todos acreditavam nos benefícios à saúde advindos do consumo dos produtos orgânicos e quase a totalidade (98,8% já havia percebido melhorias na saúde em decorrência desse consumo. Somente 16,3% consumiam outros alimentos orgânicos além de frutas e hortaliças. A preocupação com a saúde, assim como o maior conteúdo de nutrientes e o sabor mais pronunciado do que os alimentos convencionais, foram as maiores motivações para o consumo de frutas e hortaliças orgânicas. Grande parte dos consumidores apresentou conhecimento superficial sobre a temática, o que evidenciou a necessidade de maiores esclarecimentos sobre o assunto. Uma demanda reprimida por tais produtos pôde ser observada, pois, apesar do grande interesse por alimentos org

  5. Violência de gênero, desigualdade social e sexualidade: as experiências de mulheres jovens em Belo Horizonte = Gender violence, social inequalities and sexuality: the experiences of young women in Belo Horizonte

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    Chacham, Alessandra Sampaio

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa como as desigualdades de classe e a violência de gênero se interseccionam nas experiências de mulheres jovens de diferentes classes sociais com a sexualidade. A partir de análise de dados quantitativos e qualitativos coletados entre jovens moradoras em bairros e aglomerados da região centro-sul de Belo Horizonte, objetivou-se investigar o impacto da violência de gênero na sexualidade dessas jovens. Nossos resultados mostraram como a presença de um comportamento violento e/ou controlador por parte de um parceiro reduz a autonomia da jovem nessa área, afetando sua capacidade de negociar o uso do preservativo, expondo-a a gravidezes não planejadas e ISTs, ainda que a magnitude do fenômeno seja diferenciada por classe social. Observou-se também a forte presença dos estereótipos de gênero que marcam o discurso das jovens de ambas as classes sociais contribuindo para naturalizar a violência de gênero, principalmente entre as jovens de classe social mais baixa

  6. A qualidade de vida no trabalho de desembargadores e juízes da comarca de Belo Horizonte: estudo de casos

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    Lúcio Flávio Renault de Moraes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Inicialmente investigou-se a qualidade de vida no trabalho dos desembargadores lotados no Tribunal de Justiça de Minas Gerais e dos juízes de primeira instância lotados no Fórum Lafayette em Belo Horizonte.

  7. Orçamento Participativo de Belo Horizonte: maior participação e menos clientelismo político? (parte I)

    OpenAIRE

    Murilo Fahel; Bruno Cabral

    2012-01-01

    Participatory Budgeting of Belo Horizonte (BH-OP) as a tool of public administration to the planning and execution of part of the municipal budget is configured as an innovation of contemporary democracy. Addressing the op from that perspective, this paper proposes a debate around the implementation of the OP-BH polymorphic ambience of a public deliberation on the induction of new Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and its impact on share gains policy of the local population. The ...

  8. INTERNET E PARTICIPAÇÃO: O CASO DO ORÇAMENTO PARTICIPATIVO DIGITAL DE BELO HORIZONTE

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    Maria Alexandra Viegas Cortez da Cunha

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at investigating the social representations in public participation decision-making using ICT (Information and Communication Technologies. The Belo Horizonte City Hall used ICT for the first time in 2006, in the Digital Participatory Budget (OP-Digital. It was a choice made by the population of the implementation of public works for the next two years. The OP-Digital was applied again in 2008 and 2011, but with a lower participation than its first edition. We performed this study to understand the use of Internet by citizens in public decision making and to explain the decline of popular participation. The methodological approach is based in social representations theory and in the critical discourse analysis of 101 texts - from the press and from public agencies or government representatives. Our results suggest that current political strategies were not fully exploiting the potential for interaction and collective construction offered by the Internet, trivializing it. This may be one of the reasons of lower participation.

  9. O Fisioterapeuta e o Estresse no Trabalho: Estudo em um Hospital Filantrópico de Belo Horizonte-MG

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    Carlos Alexandre Batista Metzker

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou investigar os aspectos relacionados ao estresse no trabalho de fisioterapeutas de um hospital filantrópico de Belo Horizonte-MG. Foi realizada pesquisa de campo, de natureza descritiva e explicativa, com abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa, fundamentada no modelo teórico de estresse ocupacional proposto por Zille (2005. Participaram do estudo 38 profissionais, sendo os dados coletados com aplicação de questionário e entrevistas semiestruturadas. Ao final do trabalho pôde-se concluir que 76,3% dos pesquisados apresentaram quadro de estresse ocupacional, sendo 60,5% com estresse leve/moderado e 15,8% com estresse intenso. As principais fontes de tensão excessiva vivenciadas no trabalho foram a necessidade constante de acerto nas atividades realizadas e o desempenho de diversas atividades simultaneamente. Quanto aos sintomas de estresse destacaram-se fadiga e dor nos músculos do pescoço/ombros. Em relação às principais estratégias utilizadas como mecanismos reguladores do estresse, evidenciaram-se a possibilidade de gozar férias regularmente e prática regular de exercícios físicos.

  10. Análise do Estresse Ocupacional em Motoristas de Coletivo Urbano na Cidade de Belo Horizonte

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    Marciana Gonçalves de Matos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available  O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o estresse ocupacional dos motoristas que atuam em empresas de transporte coletivo urbano de Belo Horizonte/MG. A abordagem foi de natureza quantitativa, descritiva por meio de survey realizado com 124 motoristas. Os resultados apontaram que 54,8% dos motoristas pesquisados apresentaram manifestações de estresse, sendo 2% na fase de alerta, 94% na fase de resistência e 4% na fase de quase exaustão. Em relação aos sintomas, estes manifestaram tanto no plano físico como psíquico. Os sintomas físicos prevalentes foram tensão muscular, boca seca, sensação de desgaste físico e insônia. Já o sintoma psíquico mais vidente foi à irritabilidade. Em relação às causas do estresse apontadas com maior frequência, por ordem de importância, foi o trânsito lento, grande número de veículos em circulação nas vias públicas, o curto espaço de tempo para realização das viagens e, por fim, a relação conflituosa com os passageiros.   

  11. Métodos e técnicas aplicados na avaliação ambiental do aterro da BR-040 da Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte - MG

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    Helio Antonio de Sousa

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho representa a primeira parte da seqüência de três artigos a serem publicados pela Revista Escola de Minas - REM, sobre a avaliação do nível de contaminação por metais pesados e substâncias orgânicas na área do Aterro Sanitário da Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte-MG, Brasil, como resultado da Dissertação de Mestrado na área de Concentração Geoquímica Ambiental, defendida junto ao Departamento de Geologia da UFOP, em julho de 1998. Essa primeira publicação trata-se dos métodos e técnicas utilizados na realização dos trabalhos. A discussão dos resultados será feita nos próximos dois artigos. A área está situada às margens da BR-040, km 2, na divisa do município de Belo Horizonte com o município de Contagem. Amostras de solos coletadas em áreas sem lixo sobreposto e em áreas cobertas por lixo urbano com diferentes idades, além de amostras de água superficial, do nível freático e de chorume, foram analisadas por meios físicos e químicos. As análises físicas incluíram análises textural, mineralógica e micromorfológica. As análises químicas permitiram determinar a capacidade de troca catiônica dos diversos solos da área. As formas de retenção dos metais no solo foram investigadas por extrações químicas seqüenciais nas seguintes frações: total, trocável, matéria orgânica e óxidos de ferro e manganês, realizadas em amostras de 07 perfis de solos e de 02 trincheiras abertas no perfil de resíduos sólidos. Para o estudo das águas, foram coletadas e analisadas 09 amostras, incluindo as de chorume. As análises físicas e químicas dos solos permitiram o entendimento da mobilidade dos metais pesados e sua dispersão nos perfis.This work evaluated the level of heavy metals contamination of a sanitary landfill area in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. This landfill is situated at the edge of the BR-040 highway, and is close to the Belo Horizonte-Contagem borderline. Samples

  12. Learning curve of sentinel lymph nodes in early breast cancer at the Teaching Hospital 'Hospital das Clinicas' in Belo Horizonte, MG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research of the sentinel lymph node in early breast cancer, an already worldwide established method, was standardized at the teaching hospital 'Hospital das Clinicas' in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil). This standardization was carried out from December 2000 through December 2002, in which 39 patients were included in a learning curve and method validation. The applied methodology is based on the combination of a lymphoscintillography and the blue stain. A periareolar colloid 99mTc injection was given 24 hours before the surgery. The blue dye was injected in the peritumoral region during the surgery. The sentinel lymph node was identified by the blue color pattern of the lymph node and by the use of a portable gamma probe detector. Radioactive contamination was evaluated before, during and after the surgery. The measurement of the radioactivity of the breast area was taken by using a GM detector and an ionization chamber on a humid piece of gauze (passed on the breast area), from which the radioactivity was recorded as well as the gloves used during the surgery, and the gauzes with contaminated blood. The sentinel lymph node identification rate was found to be 95%, there was a false negative rate of 4,8% and a predictive negative value (PNV) of 94%. The identification figures, the predictive negative value and the false negative rate were similar to the figures found in technical literature. The technique of the biopsy of the sentinel lymph node (BSL) is the method chosen for staging patients with invasive breast cancer and with clinically negative results for the armpit. The combined method using radio-colloid and the stain is the most indicated. There is a minimum radio isotopic contamination and there is scarcely any danger for the patient or the medical staff involved in the procedure. (author)

  13. Discursos e sentidos da participação popular em um centro de saúde de Belo Horizonte [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.2014016

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    Paula Fernandes Furbino Bretas

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste artigo é identificar quais e como os sentidos sobre a participação popular são construídos por diferentes atores sociais relacionados a um centro de saúde de Belo Horizonte. Desde 1988, a temática da participação popular vem ganhando espaço de debate nas políticas públicas. Contudo, alguns autores questionam se essa participação ocorre como forma de discussão e deliberação, ou se apenas é utilizada como fachada para apresentação de propostas já concebidas pelos administradores dos órgãos públicos. Os instrumentos de coleta utilizados foram entrevistas semi-estruturadas e grupo focal, tendo sido os dados analisados à luz da análise crítica de discurso. As conclusões sugerem que os diferentes sentidos atribuídos à participação popular dirigem aos gestores desafios relacionados a lidar com distintas expectativas no cotidiano do centro de saúde. Palavras-chave Discursos. Sentidos. Participação popular. Centros de saúde. Belo Horizonte.     DISCOURSES AND SENSES OF POPULAR PARTICIPATION IN A HEALTH CENTER FROM BELO HORIZONTE   Abstract Our goal in this paper is to identify what and how senses of popular participation are built by different social actor related to a health center of Belo Horizonte. Since 1988, popular participation theme has been developed and gaining space in public policy debate. However, some authors argue if this participation occurs as a way of discussion and deliberation or if is just used as a fachade to presentation of proposals already conceived by public managers. Collect data tools used were semi structured interviews and focus group. Data were analyzed through critical discourse analysis. Conclusions suggest that different senses related to popular participation challenge public managers to deal, daily, with different expectations at health center. Keywords Discourses. Senses. Popular participation. Health centers. Belo Horizonte.

  14. Quedas intra-hospitalares na Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte MG são adequadamente relatadas? Are In-hospital Falls at Santa Casa of Belo Horizonte- MG adequately reported?

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    Joana Ude Viana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O envelhecimento populacional é uma realidade que chega imbuída de complicações as quais muitas vezes tornam-se problema de saúde pública, como é o caso das quedas hospitalares. Estas acarretam uma série de conseqüências negativas ao paciente e sua família, bem como ao sistema de saúde. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar e quantificar, por meio de entrevistas com os profissionais responsáveis pelos cuidados dos pacientes da Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, a ocorrência de quedas durante a hospitalização. Foram entrevistados 37 profissionais (médicos, residentes, enfermeiros e prestadores de serviços através de questionário semi-estruturado com 11 questões referentes ao histórico de quedas no setor, englobando informações sobre número de episódios, local, horário, idade do paciente, atividade que realizava no momento, conseqüências, bem como questões referentes à adaptação ambiental. A análise dos dados feita por meio de estatísticas descritivas. Os resultados mostraram que 65% dos funcionários relataram a ocorrência de quedas. A maioria dos caidores (73% eram homens, com média de idade de 78,62 anos (DP +- 7,63 e caíram mais nos períodos da manhã (31% e noite (31%, principalmente no quarto (48% e no banheiro (42% sendo que 50% dos episódios não foram injuriosos. Conclui-se que os episódios de quedas ocorrem no ambiente hospitalar, mas não são reportados de maneira adequada, tornando necessário adoção de medidas educativas aos profissionais que lidam com esta população.The Population ageing is a reality that comes gripped by complications related to aging, being in-hospital falls one of the most important, considering that they bring on a lot of negative consequences to the patient and his family as well as to the health system. The objective of this study was to assess and quantify, through the analyses of interviews with professionals responsible for the care of the patients at Santa Casa of Belo

  15. Teores de chumbo e cádmio em chás comercializados na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Lead and cadmium levels in tea traded in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte

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    Irma Regina Carrara Vulcano

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou avaliar os níveis de chumbo e cádmio, em amostras de chás, industrializados e não-industrializados, comercializados na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Foram selecionados para cada caso, dois tipos de plantas, camomila e erva-mate analisadas na forma de chá-infusão e de planta-digerida. Os níveis de Pb e Cd foram determinados por espectrometria de absorção atômica com forno de grafite e corretor de background Zeeman. Os níveis médios de Pb e Cd encontrados nas amostras de chá-infusão de camomila e erva-mate estavam abaixo dos valores estabelecidos pela legislação brasileira para os metais em refrescos e refrigerantes (0,2 mg/L e as concentrações dos metais nas amostras das plantas-digeridas de camomila (valores médios de 0,15 µg/g para Cd e de 0,42µg/g de Pb e de erva-mate (valor médio de Pb igual a 0,53µg/g mantiveram-se dentro das faixas consideradas como "de normalidade" pela literatura. Os níveis médios de Cd em amostras de planta-digerida de erva-mate encontrados (2,59 µg/g, no entanto, estavam acima dessa faixa. Não foi encontrada diferença significativa entre os níveis de Cd e Pb quantificados em amostras de chá-infusão industrializado e não-industrializado, tanto de camomila como de erva-mate. As concentrações dos metais nas plantas-digeridas industrializadas, tanto de camomila quanto de erva-mate, apresentam-se superiores àquelas encontradas nas plantas não industrializadas.This research aims at evaluating the levels of lead and cadmium in industrialized and non-industrialized samples of tea traded in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, due to the constant use of different kinds of tea by the Brazilians. Camomile and maté have been selected and analyzed as tea-infusion and digested-plant. The levels of Pb and Cd were determined by spectrometry of atomic absorption with graphite furnace and Zeeman background corrector. The average levels of Pb and Cd in samples of

  16. Ocorrência e biologia do Rhodnius neglectus Lent, 1954 em macaubeiras da periferia de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Occurence and biology of Rhodnius neglectus Lent, 1954 in palm tress of suburban areas of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

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    Liléia Diotaiuti

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available Oitenta e uma macaubeiras (A. sclerocarpa foram derrubadas e dissecadas na periferia de Belo Horizonte, no período de abril/ 1979 a julho/1980. Foram capturados 463 exemplares de Rhodnius neglectus, com uma taxa de infestação das palmeiras de 60,5% e uma média de 9,45% triatomineos/palmeira positiva. O R. neglectus nesta região parece apresentar uma unica geração anual, com possibilidade de duas, sendo que o periodo de oviposição se relaciona com os meses quentes do ano, coincidindo com a predominância de formas jovens sobre os adultos. A observação sugere que a densidade populacional do R. neglectus no seu ecotopo natural possa estar relacionada com a disponibilidade de alimento e com a presença de predadores como o Telenomus sp., formigas, aranhas, hemipteros, escorpiões e pseudo-escorpiões. O indice global de infecção pelo Trypanosoma cruzi foi de 15,9%, indicando o R. neglectus como um importante vetor silvestre deste tripanosomatídeo cuja principal fonte e constituída por marsupiais. O R. neglectus na regiao encontra-se estreitamente associado a palmeira de macaúba, e as aves que as frequentam constituem sua principal fonte alimentar. As observações não sugerem o R.neglectus como uma espécie transmissora do T. cruzi ao homem nesta região.Eighty-one "macaubeiras" palm-trees (Acrocomia sclerocarpa from the periophery of Belo Horizonte city were cut down and dissected between April 1979 and July 1980. 60,5% of the trees were positive for R. neglectus and 463 specimens of this insect were collected, providing a mean rate of 9,45 individuals for positive palm-trees. R neglectus seems to present a single annual generation in this region, but evidence was obtained that two generations may occur. Its spawn period is related to the hot months of the year, when younger insects prevail over the adults. This observation suggests that higher population desities are related to better feeding conditions and to minor desities of

  17. O enfermeiro na equipe de saúde mental: o caso dos CERSAMS de Belo Horizonte El enfermero en los equipos de salud mental: el caso de los Centros de Referencia en Salud Mental Nurses in the mental health team: the case of the Mental Health Centers in Belo Horizonte

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    Marília Rezende da Silveira

    2003-10-01

    Centers represent an important initiative in the conduction of Psychiatric Reform. They have a strategic role against the hospital centered model and inaugurate a space of interaction with the mental disorders, reinventing the clinical space. This study aimed at describing nurses' activities in the teams of the Mental Health Centers, maintained by the Municipal Health Department in the city of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, focusing on the care and follow-up of patients with mental disorders. This is a qualitative study and data were collected through semi structured interviews, analyzed by discourse analysis. Eight nurses were the subjects of this research. Results showed an inclusion of the interdisciplinary work in this centers, assuming the clinical conduction of the treatment to patients with mental disorders as well as helping them in the trajectory and construction of links with the treatment.

  18. Application of nuclear techniques for the assessment of air pollution in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte City, MG; Aplicacao de tecnicas nucleares nos estudos de avaliacao da poluicao do ar da regiao metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, MG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boucas, Janaina Goncalves

    2009-07-01

    Toxic metals, such as Ni, V, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mn and metalloids as As and Se and their compounds are mainly associated with the smaller diameter particulates present in the atmospheric aerosols. This fact is important, principally, when it concerns public health, because this is considered the breathable fraction of particles that can penetrate deeply into the lungs and cause damage to the alveoli. Once in the atmosphere the concentrations of trace metals, in general, show very low levels, thus the determination of the elementary composition of those particles requires the use of appropriate analytical techniques such as Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE), Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and X-Rays Fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), among others. The main objective of this study was the identification of the generating sources of gross (PM{sub 10}) and fine (PM{sub 2.5}) particles present in the atmospheric aerosols of the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte. Neutron Activation Analyses by k{sub 0}-method (k0NAA) combined with energy dispersed by X-ray fluorescence was used to measurement of the concentration of trace elements present in each sample. High levels of particulate concentrations, especially PM{sub 2.5}, were measured during the sampling period. In general, the air quality varied from Reasonable to Inadequate. The receptor model used to assist in the identification of the main emission sources was the Principal Components Analysis. The results showed that the main elements presents in particulate inhalable matter (PM{sub 2.5} and PM{sub 10}) were Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Br, Ca, Cl, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Na, S, Sb, Sc, Si, Ti, W and Zn. The results for multi-variable analyses shown clearly four pollutant sources, these being: vehicular emissions; resuspended soil/asphalt powder; secondary aerosols associated with emission of SO{sub 2} and industrial emissions associated with fossil oil burning. (author)

  19. Application of nuclear techniques for the assessment of air pollution in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte City, MG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toxic metals, such as Ni, V, Zn, Cu, Cr, Mn and metalloids as As and Se and their compounds are mainly associated with the smaller diameter particulates present in the atmospheric aerosols. This fact is important, principally, when it concerns public health, because this is considered the breathable fraction of particles that can penetrate deeply into the lungs and cause damage to the alveoli. Once in the atmosphere the concentrations of trace metals, in general, show very low levels, thus the determination of the elementary composition of those particles requires the use of appropriate analytical techniques such as Particle Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE), Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and X-Rays Fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), among others. The main objective of this study was the identification of the generating sources of gross (PM10) and fine (PM2.5) particles present in the atmospheric aerosols of the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte. Neutron Activation Analyses by k0-method (k0NAA) combined with energy dispersed by X-ray fluorescence was used to measurement of the concentration of trace elements present in each sample. High levels of particulate concentrations, especially PM2.5, were measured during the sampling period. In general, the air quality varied from Reasonable to Inadequate. The receptor model used to assist in the identification of the main emission sources was the Principal Components Analysis. The results showed that the main elements presents in particulate inhalable matter (PM2.5 and PM10) were Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Br, Ca, Cl, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Na, S, Sb, Sc, Si, Ti, W and Zn. The results for multi-variable analyses shown clearly four pollutant sources, these being: vehicular emissions; resuspended soil/asphalt powder; secondary aerosols associated with emission of SO2 and industrial emissions associated with fossil oil burning. (author)

  20. Desenvolvimento de liderança e equipes para representantes de turma de uma IES de Belo Horizonte

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    David Ferreira Bomfin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Preparar representantes de turma para exercerem suas atividades utilizando habilidades de liderança e trabalho em equipe é o foco desta pesquisa. A primeira etapa, aqui relatada, analisou a percepção que representantes de turma têm do significado de liderança e equipes para seu desempenho atual e para sua atividade profissional futura. A segunda etapa, a ser desenvolvida, consistirá na adoção de estratégias de ensino capazes de prepará-los para exercerem liderança e participarem produtivamente de equipes. Trata-se de um estudo de caso desenvolvido numa instituição de ensino superior - IES privada, em Belo Horizonte, com 91 sujeitos: 78 representantes de turma de diversos cursos da instituição e 13 suplentes. Foi aplicado um questionário eletrônico, que foi submetido a uma análise quantitativa e qualitativa. Os resultados indicam que os pesquisados consideram relevante o preparo para a liderança e o trabalho com equipes tanto para o representante de turma quanto para sua vida profissional futura. As competências que os pesquisados consideram importantes para serem desenvolvidas pelo representante de turma foram: postura ética e comprometida com os colegas; capacidade de comunicação efetiva e diálogo; estimular a participação dos colegas nos assuntos de interesse comum da turma; promover a integração e a reflexão crítica do curso; intervir em conflitos, ouvir os pares, identificar suas necessidades e encaminhar o consenso. A pesquisa deverá ter continuidade numa etapa através da qual se espera desenvolver as competências identificadas mediante minicursos devidamente articulados com as atividades extracurriculares e coerentes com o projeto pedagógico.

  1. Dor musculoesquelética e vulnerabilidade ocupacional em trabalhadores do setor público municipal em Belo Horizonte, Brasil

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    Adriana Judith Esteves Fantini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo buscou descrever o perfil dos trabalhadores no setor público municipal em relação à ocorrência autorreferida de dor musculoesquelética (DME. Em 2009, foi realizado um estudo seccional em Belo Horizonte que avaliou características sociodemográficas, funcionais, condição de saúde, hábitos e qualidade de vida, por meio de questionário autoaplicado. Utilizou-se o método Grade of Membership (GoM para definir os perfis e os graus de pertencimento a cada perfil particular. Três perfis de referência foram identificados: trabalhador com dor; trabalhador sem dor; não respondentes. Diante dos perfis de referência, a tipologia de associação entre trabalho e ocorrência autorreferida de DME classificou 89,9% da amostra. A tipologia foi organizada em cinco perfis: misto (4,1%; trabalhador doente (12,0%; trabalhador mais vulnerável à DME (16,9%; trabalhador menos vulnerável à DME (22,6%; e trabalhador saudável (34,3%. A análise dos perfis permitiu esclarecer as conexões entre DME e os fatores físicos e psicossociais do trabalho no serviço público municipal, indicando vias para a reflexão sobre as iniquidades em saúde musculoesquelética e a vulnerabilidade ocupacional.

  2. Um estudo sobre a satisfação do consumidor esportivo que frequenta estádios de futebol em Belo Horizonte [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.2013004

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    André Francisco Alcântara Fagundes

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O esporte tem-se posicionado como importante indústria da economia mundial. Acredita-se que a promoção de relevantes eventos esportivos que estão agendados para acontecer no Brasil, como a Copa do Mundo de Futebol de 2014, possibilitarão um desenvolvimento mais significativo dessa indústria. Considerando essa realidade, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo entender os motivos que levam os consumidores a frequentarem estádios de futebol, elencando fatores que possam contribuir para sua maior satisfação. Para a coleta de dados foram realizados três grupos focais na cidade de Belo Horizonte-MG. Como resultado, constatou-se que os principais motivos que influenciam os torcedores a frequentarem os estádios são: time de preferência; importância da partida; encontros sociais; acessibilidade ao ingresso; e garantia de segurança. Ademais, foi possível identificar fatores que contribuem com a satisfação: resultado da partida ser favorável ao time de preferência; eventos de entretenimento; serviços de melhor qualidade; transporte rápido e seguro; e conforto do estádio.   Palavras-chave: Consumidor esportivo; Estádios de futebol; Marketing esportivo; Comportamento do consumidor; Futebol.     A STUDY ABOUT THE SATISFACTION OF SPORTS CONSUMER THAT FREQUENTS FOOTBALL STADIUMS IN BELO HORIZONTE   ABSTRACT The sport has been positioned as an important industry in the world economy. It is believed that the promotion of relevant sporting events that are scheduled to happen in Brazil, like the FIFA World Cup 2014, will provide a most significant development of this sector. Considering this fact, this research aims to understand the reasons that lead consumers to attend football stadiums, listing factors that may contribute to their greater satisfaction. For data collection three focus groups were held in Belo Horizonte-MG. As a result, it was found that the main reasons that lead the fans to attend the stadiums are: team preference; the

  3. O mercado imobiliário como revelador das preferências pelos atributos espaciais: uma análise do impacto da criminalidade urbana no preço de apartamentos em Belo Horizonte The real estate market as a betrayer of spatial attributes preferences: an analysis of criminality impact on apartment prices in Belo Horizonte

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    Eduardo Pontes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz uma abordagem alternativa utilizando como estudo a economia urbana heterodoxa a qual busca explicar de que modo surge a regularidade da configuração residencial urbana a partir da ação dos indivíduos no mercado. Utiliza-se o modelo de preços hedônicos para estimar o custo da violência - homicídios e roubos a transeuntes - implícito no preço dos imóveis residenciais, a partir de uma amostra com imóveis transacionados em Belo Horizonte. Duas regressões foram rodadas para que pudessem captar a disposição a pagar dos indivíduos para residirem em regiões de maior segurança. Os resultados demonstram que há relação entre redução nas taxas de criminalidade e valorização dos imóveis em algumas regiões de Belo Horizonte.This article provides an alternative approach, using the heterodox urban economy as a study object. Such economy seeks to explain how there is the regularity of the urban residential setting from the action of individuals in the market. The hedonic price model is used to esteem the implicit violence costs (e.g. homicides and robberies to pedestrians in housing prices, from a sample of properties transacted in Belo Horizonte. Two regressions that could capture the willingness of individuals to pay for living in regions with greater security were shot. The results show that there is a relationship between the reduction in crime rates and valuation of properties in some Belo Horizonte regions.

  4. Gang de jeunes et groupes armés dans la Région Métropolitaine de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brésil

    OpenAIRE

    Zilli, Luis Felipe; Beato, Cláudio

    2015-01-01

    Cet article prend pour objet les recherches sociologiques traitant de l’implication de jeunes dans des dynamiques de violence et de criminalité des quartiers pauvres et des banlieues de grands centres urbains. Il présente les principaux résultats d’une recherche empirique sur les gangs de jeunes et les groupes armés qui opèrent dans les favelas de la région de Belo Horizonte (RMBH), capitale de l’État de Minas Gerais, au Brésil. Du point de vue théorique, nous adoptons ici le postulat qu’au B...

  5. Caracterização dos beneficiários do Programa De volta para casa de Belo Horizonte/MG/Brasil quanto à autonomia e comportamento social

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Kênia Silva

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO: INTRODUÇÃO E OBJETIVOS: Trata-se de estudo transversal descritivo, em etapa única, cujo objetivo foi traçar o perfil dos beneficiários do Programa De volta para casa (PVC), munícipes de Belo Horizonte / Minas Gerais / Brasil, quanto ás habilidades de vida independente (autonomia) e comportamento social. MÉTODO: O universo inicial de beneficiários era de 210, em julho de 2013, data de aprovação do protocolo. Por questões operacionais, o público-alvo considerado e estudado foi de 121...

  6. Intenção de uso de preservativo masculino entre jovens estudantes de Belo Horizonte: um alerta aos ginecologistas Condom use intention among young students in Belo Horizonte: an alert to gynecologists

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    Eliane Bragança de Matos

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: pesquisar fatores que motivam a prática de sexo seguro, investigando os antecedentes da intenção de uso do preservativo masculino na população de jovens estudantes da cidade de Belo Horizonte. MÉTODOS: um levantamento, baseado na Teoria do Comportamento Planejado (TCP, foi realizado em amostra de 732 estudantes, com idade entre 18 e 19 anos. Utilizando-se regressão múltipla em dados obtidos com questionário anônimo, investigou-se a importância de antecedentes da intenção de usar preservativo masculino, a saber: atitude, norma subjetiva, norma moral, resistência à tentação e controle percebido. Procurou-se ainda evidenciar diferenças comportamentais e de atitudes entre as classes sociais alta e baixa e entre homens e mulheres, por meio de teste t, para comparação de médias de amostras independentes. RESULTADOS: na amostra global não foi verificada associação significativa entre atitude e intenção comportamental. No teste da TCP, quando a intenção de uso do condom foi operacionalizada como decisão de uma única pessoa relativa ao uso de preservativo (intenção-eu, explicou-se maior percentual da variância da intenção do que quando se interpretou a intenção como decisão conjunta do casal (intenção-nós. Não houve diferenças significativas entre grupos de classe social alta e baixa, mas encontraram-se algumas entre homens e mulheres. Homens mostraram menor resistência à tentação de não usar preservativo. Na avaliação da pressão social (norma subjetiva, médicos e mães destacam-se como as influências mais expressivas em relação à intenção de uso do condom, especialmente entre as mulheres. A inclusão do antecedente 'norma moral' aumentou a variância explicada da intenção de uso de condom de 22 para 31%. CONCLUSÕES: diferenças atitudinais entre homens, que são menos resistentes à tentação de não usar preservativo, e mulheres, que destacam a importância da influência de

  7. Acute diarrhea associated with Salmonella enterica in Belo Horizonte-MG: prevalence and characterization of isolates Diarreia aguda associada a Salmonella enterica em Belo Horizonte-MG: prevalência e caracterização das amostras isoladas

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    Mireille Ângela Bernardes Sousa

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Acute infectious diarrhea is still regarded as a public health problem associated with a wide range of etiologic agents, from which Salmonella enterica is particularly worth mentioning inasmuch as it is a major cause of inflammatory diarrhea in both developed and developing countries. Objective: To assess the distribution of S. enterica among children with acute diarrhea in Belo Horizonte and to characterize bacterium isolates. Material and methods: The study group comprised a total of 157 children from low socioeconomic background. Stool samples were collected for leukocyte analysis and Salmonella bacterial culture. The isolates were serotyped and evaluated as to antimicrobial susceptibility profile, extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL production, and presence of virulence markers (invA, iroB, and spvC. RESULTS: A total of 5/3.2% children were infected by S. enterica, 3/60% by S. enterica Typhimurium, 1/20% by S. enterica Enteritidis and 1/20% S. enterica subsp. enterica serotype 8.20:z4,z23:-. Fecal leucocytes were detected in two out of five fecal specimens positive for S. enterica. Isolates from three children were resistant to nalidixic acid, nalidixic acid + chloramphenicol, and nalidixic acid + chloramphenicol + ampicillin. ESBL production was not detected. All samples presented invA and iroB genes. spvC marker was observed in isolates from two children infected by S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that S. enterica infection is uncommon among children from our region. Furthermore, they indicate the need for periodic monitoring of bacterial antimicrobial susceptibility profile in order to establish suitable antimicrobial therapy when required.INTRODUÇÃO: A diarreia infecciosa aguda é considerada um problema de saúde pública associado a uma ampla gama de agentes etiológicos, entre os quais destaca-se Salmonella enterica, causa importante de diarreia inflamatória em pa

  8. Autonomia, gênero e gravidez na adolescência: uma análise comparativa da experiência de adolescentes e mulheres jovens provenientes de camadas médias e populares em Belo Horizonte Autonomía, género y embarazo en la adolescencia: un análisis comparativo de la experiencia de adolescentes y mujeres jóvenes provenientes de capas medias y populares en Belo Horizonte Self-sufficiency, gender and pregnancy during adolescence: a comparative analysis of the experience of adolescents and young women from middle class and popular strata of the city of Belo Horizonte

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    Alessandra Sampaio Chacham

    2012-12-01

    óvenes del sexo femenino entre los 15 y los 24 años de edad, 292 de ellas residentes en barrios de clase media y 356 en favelas situados en la región centro-sur de la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. En los resultados se encontró una prevalencia bruta de 27,3% de embarazo hasta los 19 años entre las jóvenes residentes en favelas y de 1,7% entre las que residían en barrios de la región centro-sur de Belo Horizonte. Los datos señalan una relación directa entre el embarazo en la adolescencia y el control y la violencia de parte del compañero. Entre las jóvenes residentes en favelas, un 48% de las que declararon haber sufrido violencia física de parte de un compañero y un 58% de las que declararon haber sufrido violencia sexual habían quedado embarazadas por lo menos una vez antes de los 19 años. La asociación de la violencia de género con el embarazo en la adolescencia se mantuvo presente incluso cuando controlada por clase social, aunque su peso sea mucho más pronunciado entre las jóvenes de las clases más desposeídas. Estos resultados refuerzan la importancia de profundizar la comprensión acerca del impacto de las desigualdades de clase y género en el comportamiento sexual y reproductivo de adolescentes y mujeres jóvenes.The present study investigates how class and gender inequalities work toward reducing the level of self-sufficiency of adolescents (15 to 19 years and young women (20 to 24 years, influencing their sexual and reproductive behavior, specifically with the experience of a teenage pregnancy. In the analysis, the authors used data from two surveys, with a total sample of 648 young females between 15 and 24 years of age: 292 residents in middle class neighborhoods, and 356 from favelas (slums in the center-south region of the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Results showed an overall prevalence of 27.3% of pregnancy up to 19 years among teenagers living in favelas, and of 1.7% among dwellers of the center-south region neighborhoods of Belo

  9. Floristic and phytosociology in dense "terra firme" rainforest in the Belo Monte Hydroelectric Plant influence area, Pará, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemos, D A N; Ferreira, B G A; Siqueira, J D P; Oliveira, M M; Ferreira, A M

    2015-08-01

    The objective of the present study was to characterise the floristic and phytosociological composition on a stretch of dense "Terra Firme" rainforest located in the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant area of influence, located in the state of Pará, Brazil. All trees with DAP >10 cm situated in 75 permanent plots of 1 ha were inventoried. 27,126 individuals trees (361 ind.ha-1), distributed in 59 botanical families, comprising 481 species were observed. The families with the largest number of species were Fabaceae (94), Araceae (65) and Arecaceae (43), comprising 43.7% of total species. The species Alexa grandiflora (4.41), Cenostigma tocantinum (2.50) and Bertholletia excelsa (2.28) showed the highest importance values (IV). The ten species with greater IV are concentrated (22%). The forest community has high species richness and can be classified as diverse age trees, heterogeneous and of medium conservation condition. PMID:26691099

  10. A saúde no cotidiano de jovens residentes em um bairro popular de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

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    Natália de Cássia Horta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objeto a saúde no cotidiano dos jovens considerando que esses não têm suas vivências cotidianas contempladas nas ações de saúde. O objetivo é analisar os modos de vida juvenis apreendendo os significados e sentidos da saúde em seu cotidiano. Trata-se de uma investigação qualitativa, fundamentada na dialética, com base na sociologia da vida cotidiana. Desenvolvida num bairro popular do município de Belo Horizonte, foi estruturada em fase exploratória e interpretativa, tendo como sujeitos dezenove jovens. Por meio da análise hermenêutica e dialética, a tese foi confirmada. As ações de cuidado presentes no cotidiano dos jovens levam em conta os recursos e os aspectos constitutivos da condição juvenil, ainda pouco contemplada nas proposições da área da saúde. No cotidiano dos jovens, tem-se a expressividade dos modos de vida e da condição juvenil na qual a saúde se revela pelo bem-estar e pelas condições básicas para o trilhar da vida. A concepção de saúde prevalente centra-se nos comportamentos e na corporeidade. Para a promoção da saúde juvenil é necessário partir dos modos de vida juvenis e interagir com eles no cotidiano. As ações de cuidado com a saúde têm um espaço de (invisibilidade na vida dos jovens e interagem com suas prioridades na vivência da condição juvenil. Revelou-se a importância da proposição de ações cuidadoras nos microespaços e no território em que se expressa essa condição.

  11. Absenteísmo-doença segundo autorrelato de servidores públicos municipais em Belo Horizonte

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    Celeste de Souza Rodrigues

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo é analisar o perfil de um conjunto de servidores públicos municipais que relataram, por ocasião de um inquérito, absenteísmo-doença nos últimos 12 meses. Em 2009 obteve-se uma amostra de 5.646 (14% do universo de 38.304 servidores municipais de Belo Horizonte. Um questionário foi disponibilizado em sítio da Internet, cuja entrada dependia do consentimento do respondente. Regressão de Poisson foi utilizada para determinar os fatores associados. A prevalência do absenteísmo-doença foi maior entre os servidores do sexo feminino (RP 1,12 e diminuiu com o aumento das faixas etárias: 30-39 anos (RP 0,79; 40-49 anos (RP 0,72; e 50 anos ou mais (RP 0,68. Absenteísmo-doença mostrou-se associado às atividades ligadas aos grupos de fiscalização e vigilância (RP 1,46, serviços gerais (RP 1,22, informação, educação e cultura (RP 1,50 e saúde (RP 1,50. As comorbidades mais presentes foram LER/Dort (RP 1,19, lombalgia (RP 1,16, depressão/ ansiedade (RP 1,20 e percepção de cansaço mental (RP 1,12. O relato de uso de medicação para depressão/ansiedade se mostrou fator protetor (RP 0,82. Maior probabilidade de transtorno mental (RP 1,23 segundo o SRQ20, insatisfação com a capacidade de trabalho (RP 1,08, condições razoáveis (RP 1,21 e condições precárias de trabalho (RP 1,19 foram associadas ao desfecho. Programas de promoção da saúde no trabalho visando a prevenção de comorbidades musculoesqueléticas e queixas psicossociais atenuariam as situações que provavelmente estão na origem do absenteísmo-doença.

  12. Lesões buco-dentais em mulheres em situação de violência: um estudo piloto de casos periciados no IML de Belo Horizonte, MG Mouth-dental injuries in women violence victims: a pilot study of registered cases in the Legal Medical Institute of Belo Horizonte, MG

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    Edson José Carpintero Rezende

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A violência tem mostrado tendência ascendente, nos últimos anos, no Brasil. Nesse cenário, a violência sofrida pela mulher vem-se tornando mais visível à sociedade a partir das denúncias de agressões sofridas. Este estudo se propõe a descrever dados referentes às lesões corporais na região peribucal em mulheres que sofreram agressão. Foram analisados os registros e laudos encaminhados ao setor de Odontologia do IML de Belo Horizonte, referentes ao período de janeiro de 2001 a junho de 2002. Neste período, foram atendidas 108 mulheres. A faixa etária predominante foi a de 20 a 39 anos (70,4%. A maioria dessas mulheres declarou: ser solteira (63,0% e ser natural do interior do Estado (48,1%. Quanto à ocupação encontrou-se: 24% que realizam trabalhos domésticos, 21% que são donas-de-casa e 14% que trabalham no comércio. A proporção de mulheres procedentes das Delegacias Seccionais foi maior do que aquelas encaminhadas pelas Delegacias de Mulheres. A lesão de tecido mole mais freqüente foi a laceração; a de tecidos duros e da polpa foram as fraturas de esmalte e dentina sem complicações; a de tecidos periodontais foi a concussão; e foram observadas duas lesões em tecidos ósseos. O estudo permitiu constatar a necessidade de uma coleta de dados mais cuidadosa nos exames periciais, de modo a disponibilizar informação mais detalhada da violência contra as mulheres; além disso, revelou que as lesões buco-dentais são freqüentes e representam uma grande demanda para os serviços odontológicos de saúde pública que prestam esse atendimento.Violence has been a growing problem in the past years in Brazil. Violence against women has become clearer to society after victims started filing accusations of aggression. This study aims to describe data on lesions in women, victims of aggression in the region of the mouth, sent to the Dental Sector of the Legal Medical Institute in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The

  13. Avaliação oftalmológica de crianças de escolas públicas de Belo Horizonte/MG: um panorama acerca da baixa acuidade visual

    OpenAIRE

    Geraldo de Barros Ribeiro; Amanda Lopes Dias Coelho; Pedro Henrique Pinheiro Chaves; Rafhael de Lima Macedo; Thiago Augustus Blasco e Silva

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever e analisar a prevalência de baixa acuidade visual e suas causas em estudantes do ensino público de Belo Horizonte/MG. Métodos: Estudo transversal de 1452 escolares de 5 a 19 anos, do ensino público de Belo Horizonte/MG, triados e atendidos entre 2011 e 2014. Resultados: Da amostra total, 150 pacientes (10,33%) apresentaram baixa acuidade visual à triagem, recebendo encaminhamento para atendimento oftalmológico. Quarenta (26,66%) foram encaminhados e compareceram ...

  14. Avaliação das ações de atenção às mulheres sob violência no espaço familiar, atendidas no Centro de Apoio à Mulher (Belo Horizonte, entre 1996 e 1998 Estimate of activity women's attention that are constrained in the family environment, Attentive in Centro de Apoio à Mulher (Center of Women's Support, in Belo Horizonte, between 1996-1998

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    Andréa Matias Alves

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisou a política de assistência a mulheres vítimas de violência no contexto familiar e assistidas no Programa Cidadania da Mulher, através de seus dois projetos: Centro de Apoio à Mulher - "Benvinda" e Casa Abrigo - "Sempre Viva", em Belo Horizonte, entre 1996-1998. Os dados foram adquiridos através de questionários semi-abertos e pré-testados, obtendo-se a representação mental das equipes técnica e de apoio (N=14, e de 10% de usuárias do Centro de Apoio no período de 1997-1998 (N=70; além de dados biológicos, psicossociais e das condições econômicas das usuárias entre 1996 e 1998 (N=1529; causas e tipos de violência. Os dados revelam que: a a violência tem aspectos culturais, sociais e econômicas; b estes indicadores descritos sugerem realizar estudos de casos analíticos dentro e fora do espaço familiar, de forma a aprofundar as questões aqui apresentadas; c o programa é importante como política social de emergência por ser um serviço de referência para a população de Belo Horizonte e sua região metropolitana, além de cidades do interior do Estado, buscando maior integração entre as famílias destas com as instituições, na preservação dos direitos humanos e na construção da cidadania.These study analyzed the politic of women assistance's victims by violence in environment familiar and assisted by the program Cidadania da Mulher (Women's Citizenship in two projects "Benvinda" (Welcome and "Casa Abrigo" (Sheltering home in Belo Horizonte (MG, Brazil from 1996 to 1998. The data were obtained with half-open and pretested questionnaires, obtaining the mental representation of the support employees, users 10% (N=70 and technical team, besides biological and social data, life conditions of the original families of the users, causes and types of violence (N= 1529 users between 96 and 98. In conclusion, the data showed: a the violence occur in by culture social and economic, aspects without

  15. Estudo de fatores associados à adesão ao tratamento não farmacológico em portadores de diabetes mellitus assistidos pelo Programa Saúde da Família, Ventosa, Belo Horizonte A study of factors associated to non-pharmacological treatment delivered by the Family Health Program in Ventosa, Belo Horizonte, to carriers of diabetes mellitus

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    Thaís Silva Assunção

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O diabetes mellitus vem se tornando um dos principais problemas de saúde pública no Brasil. Há vários fatores que podem contribuir para a baixa adesão ao tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a associação entre fatores educacionais, demográficos, socioeconômicos, de saúde, percepção da doença, suporte social e adesão ao tratamento não farmacológico em portadores de diabetes mellitus assistidos pelo Programa Saúde da Família do Centro de Saúde Ventosa, em Belo Horizonte. As informações foram obtidas através de entrevistas com 164 diabéticos que estavam aguardando o acolhimento do Centro de Saúde. Na análise univariada, verificou-se associação significante entre a adesão ao tratamento não farmacológico e baixa renda, local de residência, conhecimento sobre complicações, motivação com o tratamento, fazer parte de grupo de diabéticos e orientações recebidas pelo enfermeiro e fisioterapeuta. Após análise multivariada, as variáveis "motivação com o tratamento" e "faz parte de algum grupo de diabético" foram estatisticamente significativas para a adesão total (pDiabetes Mellitus is turning into one of the main public health problems in Brazil. Many factors may contribute to the low adherence to treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between educational and social-economic factors and factors related to the health, the perception of disease, social support and adherence to non-pharmacological treatment of carriers of diabetes mellitus assisted in the family health program of the Health Center in Ventosa, Belo Horizonte. Data were collected in interviews with 164 diabetics who were waiting for assistance in the health center. Univariate analysis showed significant association between adhesion to the non-pharmacological treatment and low income; place of residence; knowledge about consequences; motivation with regard to the treatment; making part of a diabetics

  16. Demografia do consumo urbano: um estudo sobre a geração de resíduos sólidos domiciliares no município de Belo Horizonte Demografía del consumo urbano: un estudio sobre la generación de residuos sólidos domiciliarios en el municipio de Belo Horizonte Demography of urban consumption: a study on the generation of solid waste in the city of Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Harley Silva; Alisson Flávio Barbieri; Monte-Mór, Roberto L.

    2012-01-01

    Este trabalho explora relações entre fatores socioeconômicos e demográficos e a produção de resíduos sólidos domiciliares - o lixo doméstico -, para o município de Belo Horizonte em 2002. A proposta foi investigar se diferenciais socioeconômicos (especificamente renda e educação) e demográficos (especificamente estrutura etária e domiciliar) são importantes na definição do volume de resíduos gerado em sub-regiões do município. O consumo, nesse sentido, é visto como o elo entre as dimensões "p...

  17. Nascer de novo na cidade-jardim da República: Belo Horizonte como lugar de cultivo de corpos (1891-1930 Being born in the "Garden City" of the Republic: Belo Horizonte as a place where bodies are cultivated (1891-1930

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    Andrea Moreno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O advento da República envolveu Minas Gerais em uma experiência inédita em seus domínios, na última década dos Oitocentos. Em apenas seis anos, protagonistas diversos participaram de eventos marcantes, em torno da construção de uma nova capital, que redefiniram lugares de sociabilidade e modos de viver. Nascia Belo Horizonte, planejada e construída para ser a capital das Minas Gerais, vitrine da República, com suas praças, ruas e avenidas projetadas a régua e compasso. A pretensão era obrigar seus habitantes, antigos e novos, a "nascer de novo" com ela, como a poesia de Drummond de Andrade sintetiza. É em meio a tantas e tais vicissitudes que procuramos examinar, em diferentes espaços de sociabilidade urbana da nova capital, dispositivos de natureza diversa que encontravam no corpo o seu destino, como lugar de uma educação, de um cultivo, de uma civilização.The advent of the Republic in the last decade of 1800 was to Minas Gerais state a significant experience. In only six years, several protagonists were involved in remarkable events related to the building of the new capital city, which redefined the places for socialization and different lifestyles. The city of Belo Horizonte was born, planned and built to become the capital of Minas Gerais, a model for the Republic, with its squares, streets and avenues accurately projected with 'rulers and compass'. The main purpose was to make its old and new dwellers 'be born again' with Belo Horizonte, as later summed up in Drummond de Andrade's poem. Based on these aspects, our study focused on examining in different places of urban socialization provided by the new capital city different devices that found in people's bodies their destination, as a place for education, cultivation and civilization.

  18. Perfil de utilização de fitoterápicos em farmácias comunitárias de Belo Horizonte sob a influência da legislação nacional Profile of the utilization of phytotherapie medicines in communitary pharmacies of Belo Horizonte, under the influence of the national legislation

    OpenAIRE

    A. Q. Ribeiro; J.P.V. Leite; A.M. Dantas-Barros

    2005-01-01

    Um panorama do consumo de fitoterápicos em farmácias comunitárias de Belo Horizonte (MG) é utilizado neste artigo como instrumento para analisar a influência da legislação nacional sobre este mercado. Para tal, foram entrevistados indivíduos que adquiriram fitoterápicos nos estabelecimentos farmacêuticos visitados. Observa-se que, na mesma nação detentora da maior biodiversidade do planeta e privilegiada por uma cultura popular conhecedora das propriedades terapêuticas das plantas, existe uma...

  19. Aspectos epidemiológicos de pacientes traqueostomizados em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto de um hospital de referência ao Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte Epidemiological profile of patients with tracheotomy in a referral public hospital intensive care unit in Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudio Dornas de Oliveira; Leonardo da Cruz Peixoto; Gláucio Oliveira Nangino; Paulo César Correia; Camila Armond Isoni

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: A traqueostomia é frequentemente realizada com a finalidade de favorecer o desmame da ventilação mecânica. No entanto, não se conhece o real impacto da traqueostomia nos diversos grupos de pacientes em nosso meio. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar características epidemiológicas dos pacientes submetidos à traqueostomia na unidade de terapia intensiva da Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte e traçar paralelos com outros estudos semelhantes. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, atr...

  20. Marketing de serviços de lazer: estudo de caso do museu de artes e ofícios de Belo Horizonte

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    Leonardo Lincoln Leite de Lacerda

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was based on an adaptation of SERVAQUAL model, associated with questions about accessibility and with the mission and objects of the studied place. A case study was carried out at Artes e Ofícios Museum in Belo Horizonte, where managers, professionals dealing face-to-face with visitors and people who visited the museum were interviewed. Content analysis was used to organize, analyze and categorize the data collected according to elements used to measure the quality of services. It was observed that the quality of services was superior to 90%, however some questions need to be addressed by the museum as contact between museum professionals and visitors, mainly inside the museum, surroundings infrastructure and divulgation of the place (aspect that also relates to cultural barriers.

  1. Estudos sobre a fauna de Sarcophagidae (Diptera de Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais. I- Levantamento taxonômico e Sinantrópico

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    Edelberto Santos Dias

    1984-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de se conhecer a fauna de Sarcophagidae da região de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, e se obter dados sobre seu comportamento, foram realizadas capturas sistemáticas em três áreas ecologicamente distintas, pelo período de um ano (maio de 1980 a abril de 1981. Para as capturas, foram utilizadas dois tipos de armadilhas apropriadas e cinco tipos de iscas; peixe cru, carcaça de camundongo, v´sceras de galinha, banana amassada com rapadura e fezes humanas. Foi capturado um total de 10.097 espécimens, dos quais foram estudados 9.582 exemplares, representados por 25 espécies. O índice de sinantropia foi determinado segundo a metodologia de Nuorteva (1963. Foram obtidos índices variáveis de sinantropia para as 25 espécies analisadas, sendo as mais sinantrópicas Parasarcophaga ruficornis (IS = + 94,7 e Bercaea haemorrhoidalis (IS = + 84,3, e as mais assinantrópicas Euboettcheria florencioi (IS = - 98,8 e Oxysarcodexia augusta (IS = - 96,9.Over a period of one year (May, 1980 to April, 1981, systematic collections of Sarcophagidae were made in three ecologically distinct areas of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Two types of traps and five types of bait were used: raw fish, carcasses of mice, viscera of chickens, banana mashed with sugar, and human faeces. Of the total of 10,097 specimens captured, the 9,582 studied included 25 species. Indices of synanthropy (I.S. for the 25 species varied considerably. The most synanthropic were Parasarcophaga ruficornis (I.S. = + 94.7 and Bercaea haemorrhoidalis (I.S. = + 84.3, and the least were Euboettcheria florencioi (I.S. = - 98.8 and Oxysarcodexia augusta (I.S. = - 96.9.

  2. Orçamento Participativo de Belo Horizonte: maior participação e menos clientelismo político? (parte I

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    Murilo Fahel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Participatory Budgeting of Belo Horizonte (BH-OP as a tool of public administration to the planning and execution of part of the municipal budget is configured as an innovation of contemporary democracy. Addressing the op from that perspective, this paper proposes a debate around the implementation of the OP-BH polymorphic ambience of a public deliberation on the induction of new Information and Communication Technology (ICT and its impact on share gains policy of the local population. The focus of this analysis rests on an innovative new tool available to the OP-BH: the operationalization of the Digital Participatory Budget (OP-Digital. E-democracy is therefore the strategy "right" for the current time of OP-BH, reducing political patronage? What is the synergy between the exercise of democratic practice, the use of electronic media and participatory process to strengthen the quality of democracy in that it increases the interaction between the citizen and the executive branch? With use of secondary data and interviews with municipal managers and the population of the city of Belo Horizonte, anchored by a literature review. The prospect is that this work will contribute to better defining the concept of political participation and the relationship between the executive and local civil society. The findings indicate a qualitative and quantitative expansion of popular participation in decision-making budget and an important contribution to the model of political communication, along the lines of a "digital democracy", in which the process of voicing the concerns of civil society and the mechanisms social control are expanded significantly. Still indicates the importance of the bureaucratic apparatus to establish feedback to the people, effecting the interactive process maximized by these digital tools

  3. Confederação Católica do Trabalho: práticas discursivas e orientação católica para o trabalho em Belo Horizonte (1919-1930

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    Deivison Gonçalves Amaral

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo será de analisar a atuação da Confederação Católica do Trabalho junto aos trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte, entre 1919 e 1930. Para tanto, são consideradas a prática discursiva católica, a luta por direitos e por melhores condições de vida e a mediação dos conflitos entre capital e trabalho. A entidade, orientada pela encíclica Rerum Novarum, foi a difusora do catolicismo junto aos trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte. A metodologia da análise do discurso é utilizada com o objetivo de perceber o papel das práticas discursivas católicas e a inserção do catolicismo entre os trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte. As fontes nucleares da pesquisa são O Operário e os Annaes do Conselho Deliberativo de Bello Horizonte. Críticas comumente feitas que atribuem a esse tipo de ação reformista a responsabilidade por um movimento operário pouco autônomo ou "amarelo" são contrariadas. Tentamos demonstrar que a estratégia sindical reformista católica buscou atender às demandas urgentes dos trabalhadores: jornada de oito horas, descanso dominical e habitações.  Palavras-chave: Reformismo; Discurso católico; Catolicismo e trabalho. Abstract This article analyzes the performance of the Catholic Labor Confederation with workers in Belo Horizonte between 1919 and 1930. For such, it focuses on the Catholic discourse practice, the struggle for rights and better conditions of life, and the mediation of conflicts between capital and labor, with basis on Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum, which diffused Catholicism among Belo Horizonte workers. The discourse analysis methodology aims at grasping the role of Catholic discourse practice and the penetration of Catholicism among those workers. The research sources are O Operário ("The worker" and the Annaes do Conselho Deliberativo de Bello Horizonte ("Annals of the Belo Horizonte Deliberative Council". Criticism attributing to that kind of reformist action the

  4. Ocorrência do vírus da imunodeficiência felina e do vírus da leucemia felina em gatos domésticos mantidos em abrigos no município de Belo Horizonte Occurrence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus in Sheltered domestic cats of Belo Horizonte

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    B.M. Teixeira

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Investigou-se a ocorrência da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV e pelo vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV em gatos domésticos, provenientes de dois abrigos, no município de Belo Horizonte. Amostras de sangue de 145 animais foram coletadas e testadas para detecção do FIV pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR. Destas amostras, 40 foram testadas para o antígeno p26 de FeLV por meio de ELISA. Observaram-se duas fêmeas (1,4% e quatro machos (2,8% positivos para FIV e nove fêmeas (22,5% e quatro machos (10,0% positivos para FeLV.The occurrence of the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV and feline leukemia virus (FeLV was investigated in domestic cats from two shelters of Belo Horizonte. Samples from 145 cats were collected and tested for FIV by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Forty out of 145 samples were tested for FeLV p27 antigen by a commercial ELISA kit. Two females (1.4% and four males (2.8% were positive for FIV. For FeLV tests, 13 cats (32.5% were positive, being nine females (22.5% and four males (10.0%.

  5. Segregação social como externalização de conflitos ambientais: a elitização do meio ambiente na APA-Sul, Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Social segregation like externalizing environmental problems: the elitization of the environment in the APA-Sul, Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte

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    Klemens Laschefski

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho trata das relações de poder no conselho consultivo da APA-Sul, uma unidade de conservação localizada na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Observa-se uma sub-representação dos setores populares, e os representantes de renda média-alta temem a favelização da região. Conseqüentemente, o conflito ambiental surge em torno da perda da qualidade ambiental nas referidas áreas, em parte associada às alternativas de habitação popular, abrindo oportunidade para discursos que justifiquem a segregação social no espaço e a elitização da paisagem em questão.This paper talks about the power relations within the consultative council of the APA-Sul, a conservation area situated in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. There the lower-class sectors are apparently underrepresented and higher middle class representatives are concerned about the slumisation of the region. Consequently an environmental conflict arises about the loss of "environmental quality" of the area, partly associated with lower class housing, providing opportunities of discourses to justify social segregation in space and the elitization of the landscape at stake.

  6. Detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in dead captive psittacines in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    AM Gomes; LL Costa; DAR Vilela; MVR Marques; AG Carvalhaes; SY Marin; MP Costa; RS Horta; JS Resende; NRS Martins

    2010-01-01

    Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg) infection of wild native Brazilian psittacines (Psittaciformes) which died of any cause during sorting, rehabilitation, or conservation, was investigated by PCR. Two previously described PCR methodologies using Mg specific primers were employed for the analyses of 140 swab samples (cloaca, trachea, or palatine cleft). Average positive Mg detection in cloacal swabs was 51.9%, with 80.0% (n=5) of Blue-and-yellow Macaws (Ara ararauna), 60.0% (n=3) Dusky Parrots (Pio...

  7. Detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum in dead captive psittacines in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    AM Gomes

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg infection of wild native Brazilian psittacines (Psittaciformes which died of any cause during sorting, rehabilitation, or conservation, was investigated by PCR. Two previously described PCR methodologies using Mg specific primers were employed for the analyses of 140 swab samples (cloaca, trachea, or palatine cleft. Average positive Mg detection in cloacal swabs was 51.9%, with 80.0% (n=5 of Blue-and-yellow Macaws (Ara ararauna, 60.0% (n=3 Dusky Parrots (Pionus fuscus, 52.5% (n=59 Amazon Parrots (Amazona aestiva, 50.0% (n=2 Orange-winged Parrots (Amazona amazonica, 50.0% (n=2 Jandaya Parakeetsor Jandaya Conures (Aratinga jandaya, 0% (n=2 Golden Conures or Golden Parakeets (Guarouba guarouba, and 0% (n=2 Hyacinth Macaws (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus. Palatine cleft swab sampling was more sensitive to detect Mg, with 85.4% (n=17 detection rate, as compared to 67.4% (n=46 obtained with tracheal samples, and 53.5% (n=77 with cloacal swabs. The surprisingly high Mg incidence in psittacines kept in conservation or triage environments is possibly due to the proximity or cohabitation with several bird species during confinement and housing psittacines of different origins together. The implementation of biosecurity measures and species-specific facilities is recommended.

  8. Participação e deliberação na internet: um estudo de caso do Orçamento Participativo Digital de Belo Horizonte

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    Rafael Cardoso Sampaio

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo busca avaliar trocas discursivas realizadas no fórum online do orçamento participativo digital (OPD de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Para tanto, é formulado um modelo de análise das discussões entre os cidadãos participantes do programa baseado nas teorias de democracia deliberativa. São analisadas as mensagens dos usuários (n=375 postadas na ferramenta de comentários do site do OPD. Os resultados apontam que os aspectos discursivos concernentes à reciprocidade e à reflexividade se mostraram relativamente escassos; entretanto, o respeito pelos outros interlocutores, bem como a construção da justificativa dos pontos de vista expressos no fórum, alcançaram índices elevados, mesmo não havendo empowerment da ferramenta ou incentivo por parte da Prefeitura. Conclui-se que a internet pode, efetivamente, oferecer ambientes voltados para o estabelecimento de trocas discursivas qualificadas e que, mesmo nos casos onde há baixos índices de deliberatividade, há progressos importantes do ponto de vista do aprendizado a que são expostos os usuários.This paper aims to examine how political conversations take place on the online forum offered as part of the Digital Participatory Budget (OPD in a Brazilian city, Belo Horizonte. The authors propose an analytical model based on deliberative theories in order to investigate the discussions over this participatory program. The main sample consists of the messages posted by the users (n=357 on the commentaries section. The results show that reciprocity and reflexivity among interlocutors are rare; however, the respect among the interlocutors and the justification levels in several arguments were high during the discussion. The authors conclude that, even in a situation in which there is no empowerment offered by of the digital tools, the internet can effectively provide environments to enhance a qualified discursive exchange. In spite of low levels of deliberativeness, the case study

  9. Implantação da linha de cuidado do infarto agudo do miocárdio no município de Belo Horizonte

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    Milena Soriano Marcolino

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A criação de sistemas ou linhas de cuidado ao infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM tem o objetivo de otimizar o atendimento ao paciente, desde o diagnóstico precoce até o tratamento adequado e em tempo hábil. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a implantação da linha de cuidado do IAM, em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, e seu impacto na mortalidade hospitalar por IAM. MÉTODOS: A linha de cuidado do IAM foi implantada em Belo Horizonte entre 2010 e 2011 com intuito de ampliar o acesso dos pacientes do sistema público de saúde ao tratamento preconizado pelas diretrizes vigentes. As equipes das unidades de pronto atendimento foram treinadas e foi implantado sistema de tele-eletrocardiografia nessas unidades. Os desfechos primários deste estudo observacional retrospectivo foram o número de internações e a mortalidade hospitalar por IAM, de 2009 a 2011. RESULTADOS: No período avaliado, 294 profissionais foram treinados e 563 ECGs foram transmitidos das unidades de pronto atendimento para as unidades coronarianas. Houve redução importante da taxa de mortalidade hospitalar (12,3% em 2009 versus 7,1% em 2011, p < 0,001, enquanto o número de internações por IAM permaneceu estável. Ocorreu aumento do custo médio de internação (média R$ 2.480,00 versus R$ 3.501,00, p < 0,001, aumento da proporção de internações contemplando diárias de terapia intensiva (32,4% em 2009 versus 66,1% em 2011, p < 0,001 e de pacientes internados em hospitais de alta complexidade (47,0% versus 69,6%, p < 0,001. CONCLUSÃO: A implantação da linha de cuidado do IAM permitiu maior acesso da população ao tratamento adequado e, consequentemente, redução na mortalidade hospitalar por IAM.

  10. Os espaços livres e edificados e a forma urbana no vetor norte da região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte

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    Marieta Cardoso Maciel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available As formas urbanas são decorrentes das alterações ambientais do lugar, ou seja, das suas condições físicas, biológicas e antrópicas, sendo a última a principal indutora de transformações. As cidades e suas paisagens alteram-se quando mudam as condições socioeconômicas e culturais, como ocorre em Belo Horizonte, capital de Minas Gerais, que se expande além de seus limites físicos e políticos, conurbando-se com os demais municípios da Região Metropolitana. As ocupações ocorrem desordenadamente, ocasionando problemas de gestão pública, saneamento, mobilidade, além de problemas de ordem ambiental. O presente trabalho aborda a área conurbada da Região Norte da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte (RMBH, chamada de “Vetor Norte”, e sua relação com os espaços livres públicos existentes, através de análises qualitativas e quantitativas. Ainda que os espaços livres públicos sejam considerados como permanências no tecido urbano, os espaços edificados ampliam-se, respeitando ou não as legislações vigentes. A ocorrência maior deste conflito está localizada, principalmente, na área abordada, impulsionada pela construção da Linha Verde e de outros equipamentos, razão da sua escolha para o estudo. Através do conhecimento destes espaços, com base nas variáveis históricas e contemporâneas, será possível construir um referencial metodológico das relações entre os espaços livres públicos, os espaços edificados e a forma urbana. Os espaços livres podem ser considerados elementos estruturantes da forma da cidade, e de legítima importância para a qualidade de vida urbana.

  11. Estudo dos dados obtidos de uma população de Biomphalaria glabrata de Belo Horizonte infectada por schistosoma mansoni da mesma cidade, e de uma população de B. tenagophila de Campinas. infectada por S. mansoni de São José dos Campos

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    Luiz A. Magalhães

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available O autor estuda os dados obtidos pela infecção de moluscos de Campinas e de Belo Horizonte por miracídios de S. mansoni. Chega à conclusão de que a população de Belo Horizonte mostrou-se mais susceptível à infecção pelo helminto do que a população de moluscos Campinas.

  12. Ocorrência do vírus da imunodeficiência felina e do vírus da leucemia felina em gatos domésticos mantidos em abrigos no município de Belo Horizonte Occurrence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus in Sheltered domestic cats of Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    B.M. Teixeira; D.S. Rajão; J.P.A. Haddad; Leite, R.C.; J.K.P. Reis

    2007-01-01

    Investigou-se a ocorrência da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência felina (FIV) e pelo vírus da leucemia felina (FeLV) em gatos domésticos, provenientes de dois abrigos, no município de Belo Horizonte. Amostras de sangue de 145 animais foram coletadas e testadas para detecção do FIV pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Destas amostras, 40 foram testadas para o antígeno p26 de FeLV por meio de ELISA. Observaram-se duas fêmeas (1,4%) e quatro machos (2,8%) positivos para FIV e nove fêm...

  13. Afecções mais freqüentes do aparelho locomotor dos eqüídeos de tração no município de Belo Horizonte Most frequent pathologies of the locomotor system in equids used for wagon traction in Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    R.P.A. Maranhão; M.S. Palhares; U.P. Melo; H.H.C. Rezende; C.E. Braga; J.M. Silva Filho; M.N.F Vasconcelos

    2006-01-01

    Determinaram-se as enfermidades mais comuns do sistema músculo-esquelético dos animais de tração na cidade de Belo Horizonte. Foram utilizados 58 animais (42 eqüinos e 16 muares), sendo 31 machos e 27 fêmeas. O diagnóstico baseou-se no histórico e nos exames físico e radiológico. A freqüência observada para tenossinovite nos membros torácicos e pélvicos foi 55,2%, para tendinite nos membros torácicos, 81,0%, para tendinite nos membros pélvicos, 58,6%, e para desmite do ligamento suspensório n...

  14. Inclusão da pessoa com deficiência no mercado de trabalho em Belo Horizonte, Brasil: cenário e perspectiva

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    Priscila Neves-Silva

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ResumoMesmo após a publicação da Lei 8213, em 1991, que institui cotas para contratação de pessoas com deficiência, a inclusão delas no trabalho ainda é um desafio para a sociedade brasileira. Para tentar entender as principais barreiras que impedem este processo foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa no município de Belo Horizonte. Este estudo contou com entrevistas com atores importantes no processo de inclusão; e grupos focais com pessoas com deficiência e seus familiares. As principais barreiras encontradas foram: preconceito e discriminação; a relação familiar; o Benefício da Prestação Continuada; a baixa qualificação das pessoas com deficiência; a falta de acessibilidade; e o despreparo das empresas. Conclui-se que a elaboração de leis não é suficiente para a inclusão no mercado de trabalho e que os governos devem implementar políticas públicas que auxiliem este processo.

  15. Evaluation of the waste profile from (medical) health services of Belo Horizonte concerned to the presence of radioactive wastes in the disposal system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The medical procedures of diagnosis and treatment that use radiopharmaceuticals generate radioactive wastes that can, after reaching the release limit, follow the conventional ways of collection and disposal of the urban solid wastes. This research aims to detect radiometrically the presence of radioactive wastes in the health-care wastes at the final disposal. It is pointed out that the legal limit for the release of solid wastes established by Brazilian National Commission of Nuclear Energy (CNEN) is 7,5x104 Bq/kg (2 μCi/kg). Measurements in the material of the garbage trucks that make the special collect from Health Service installations are performed, at Belo Horizonte sanitary landfill, using a NaI scintillation counter. Values above the established limit were found in 60% of the cases. The spectral analysis of 6 samples showed the presence of 99mTc in 5 of them and 131I in one. These radionuclides are the most common radionuclides used in Nuclear Medicine. In conclusion there are radioactive wastes released together with the health service wastes, due to the disregard of the decay time until the legal limit is achieved. (author)

  16. Equidad en la salud: evaluación de políticas públicas en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, 1993-1997

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    Virginia Junqueira

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available El artículo evalúa el resultado de las acciones del gobierno en la reducción de las desigualdades en el ámbito sanitario en Belo Horizonte de 1993 a 1997. La hipótesis es que un gobierno municipal comprometido con la equidad puede reducir desigualdades, apoyándose en el Sistema Único de Salud. Trabajamos con el Índice de Calidad de Vida Urbana (IQVU, usado en el municipio para reconocer las desigualdades en las condiciones de vida y el diferencial de los coeficientes de mortalidad infantil (CMI, neonatal e pos-neonatal en los nueve distritos sanitarios. Otras acciones fueron medidas por la ejecución de obras municipales, por medio del Presupuesto Participativo y la Programación Abierta. El IQVU se mostró apropiado para orientar la acción del gestor municipal. El CMI se mostró un buen indicador para medir la desigualdad en salud. Hubo reducción del CMI y de las brechas de mortalidad en los distritos estudiados. Verificamos mayor inversión de recursos físicos y financieros en los distritos de IQVU más bajo, pudiéndose afirmar que en el estudiado, el gobierno municipal redujo desigualdades.

  17. Aspectos Influentes na Decisão de Compra de Bens de Luxo: Estudo do Comportamento do Consumidor de Alta Renda de Belo Horizonte

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    Tiago da Costa Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A palavra luxo causa interesse, despertando o desejo e incentivo ao consumo por parte dos indivíduos. Objetivou-se com o estudo, analisar as percepções dos consumidores de bens de luxo da região Centro-Sul de Belo Horizonte. Por meio de uma pesquisa qualitativa e exploratória, com a realização de um Grupo Focal, procurou-se conhecer os principais aspectos que influenciam suas decisões de compra. Concluiu-se que os aspectos decisivos para a aquisição de um bem de luxo são: o desejo de se possuir determinado bem, a importância da imagem da marca, a busca pelo prazer no ato de adquirir o produto e o contexto social, no qual esses consumidores estão inseridos. Esses resultados poderão servir de base qualitativa para futuras ações de marketing e gestão de empresas belohorizontinas do segmento de luxo, com o intuito de que possam planejar estratégias para melhor atingirem e atenderem a esse seleto e exigente público.

  18. Qualidade de cápsulas de sibutramina manipuladas em três farmácias de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

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    Grazielle Heloiza SANGUINETE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A sibutramina é um anorexígeno indicada como fármaco de primeira escolha para o tratamento da obesidade. Devido a inexistência de monografia farmacopeica para análise e controle de qualidade deste fármaco e que a sibutramina apresenta classificação biofarmacêutica I, os autores desse trabalho propuseram ensaios físico-químicos de qualidade e avaliação da influência dos excipientes na dissolução de cápsulas de sibutramina 10 mg manipuladas em três farmácias de Belo Horizonte – MG. Foram aplicados os métodos gerais descritos na Farmacopeia Brasileira 5 ed e foi feita validação parcial de método espectrofotométrico UV. Os resultados indicam que das três amostras somente uma cumpriu com todas as especificações de qualidade.

  19. Dinâmica imobiliária e regulação ambiental: uma discussão a partir do eixo-sul da Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Dinámica inmobiliaria y regulación ambiental: una discusión a partir del eje-sur de la región metropolitana de Belo Horizonte Real-estate dynamics and environmental regulation: a discussion on the southern side of the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region

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    Heloisa Soares de Moura Costa

    2007-12-01

    evidenciar los conflictos en torno a las formas de apropiación y uso del suelo urbano, así como los expedientes adoptados por el capital inmobiliario para agregar valor al producto, reforzando mecanismos conocidos de elitización y exclusión. Se discute, incluso, si hay posibilidades de reversión de tal cuadro a partir de la participación y negociación de los conflictos entre los agentes sociales involucrados.This article begins with a brief theoretical discussion of the production of urban space and the emergence of environmental regulamentation, especially in terms of urban expansion. Next, instruments of environmental regulation are discussed, especially the licensing of activities. Such instruments have created diverse social practices that articulate economic interests, the State, and social groups involved in environmental protection. The contradictory features of State intervention are also discussed, as well as the limits and possibilities of action by organized social movements involved in urban expansion. The text refers to a case study of metropolitan growth in the southern side of the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. In this context, conflicts involving land use and appropriation are discussed, as well as real-estate interests as they add value to their products, thus reinforcing well known forms of gentrification and exclusion. The article also brings up the question as to whether change is possible on the basis of participation and conflict negotiation among the social agents involved.

  20. Água para governar, água para se eleger: políticas de saneamento e de desenvolvimento urbano em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil (1955-1965

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    Yuri Mello Mesquita

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as políticas públicas de saneamento básico em Belo Horizonte entre 1955 e 1965. Nesse período as obras de saneamento tiveram grande importância no cenário político da cidade ganhando mais espaço nos discursos oficiais e servindo ainda como um instrumento para obtenção de votos. Apesar disso, nesse período foi constatado aumento do déficit na distribuição de água em Belo Horizonte, provocado pelo rápido crescimento da população da cidade e pela precária infraestrutura de saneamento no município. Dessa forma, solução definitiva da falta d’água na capital de Minas Gerais tornou-se então uma obsessão dos políticos e dos cidadãos belo-horizontinos.

  1. A mortalidade infantil em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, por área de abrangência dos Centros de Saúde (1994-1996

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    Malta Deborah Carvalho

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho pretende identificar os diferenciais intra-urbanos em Belo Horizonte, Brasil, estudando os coeficientes de mortalidade infantil (CMI nas áreas do município e avaliando sua evolução no período 1994/1996. A análise das condições de saúde referenciadas territorialmente constitui importante campo de estudo para evidenciar desigualdades regionais e intra-urbanas. Para os anos de 1994 e 1996, foram utilizados os dados do SINASC e SIM, além de mapas temáticos com o recorte geográfico da "área de abrangência" dos Centros de Saúde. Aplicou-se o método Bayesiano empírico para o cálculo dos CMI dessas áreas, visando corrigir possíveis flutuações aleatórias decorrentes de números pequenos e instáveis. Em todo o período, houve redução do CMI global do município em 24,4%, assim como do CMI nas áreas de abrangência. Em 1994, oito áreas apresentaram CMI acima de 50/1.000 e, em 1996, nenhuma área foi observada com esse coeficiente; em 1994, vinte e nove áreas mostraram CMI entre 35 a 50/1.000, caindo para quatro áreas em 1996; neste ano, registrou-se, em relação a 1994, maior número de áreas com CMI abaixo de 35/1.000. Em 1996 existiu maior homogeneidade na distribuição dos CMI, reduzindo-se as desigualdades intra-urbanas.

  2. Condições de saúde e tabagismo entre idosos residentes em duas comunidades brasileiras (Projetos Bambuí e Belo Horizonte

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    Peixoto Sérgio Viana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência do tabagismo e verificar os fatores associados a este hábito entre idosos (> 60 anos. O estudo foi conduzido na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte e na Cidade de Bambuí, ambas localizadas em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram selecionados 1.774 idosos na Região Metropolitana e 1.742 em Bambuí. Na Região Metropolitana, a prevalência de tabagismo atual e passado foi de 19,6% e 39,2% entre os homens, e 8,1% e 14,1% entre as mulheres, respectivamente. Em Bambuí, os dados correspondentes foram 31,4% e 40,2% entre os homens, e 10,3% e 11,2% entre as mulheres, respectivamente. Na Região Metropolitana, os indicadores de pior condição de saúde e pior capacidade funcional apresentaram associações significantes com o tabagismo passado, mas estas associações não foram observadas em Bambuí. Entre os fumantes atuais, as associações pesquisadas não foram consistentes. Estes resultados mostram a grande heterogeneidade dos fatores associados ao tabagismo, como observado em países desenvolvidos. As estratégias para a redução do tabagismo nessa população devem considerar esta ausência de associação entre sinais e sintomas e o hábito de fumar.

  3. Remuneração do trabalho médico: um estudo sobre seus sistemas e formas em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte

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    Cherchiglia Mariangela L.

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de realizar uma análise descritiva dos sistemas e formas de remuneração do trabalho médico em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte e apreender a percepção de gerentes hospitalares, médicos e representantes das associações corporativas médicas e empresariais sobre os mesmos, foi feita uma amostra intencional de hospitais, conforme critérios previamente estabelecidos, e realizadas entrevistas com os profissionais ligados aos mesmos. Foram entrevistados, também, os representantes das corporações médica e empresarial. Na análise de dados, utilizando-se conceitos adaptados da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT, encontrou-se o Sistema de Remuneração por Resultado, exclusivo dos hospitais privados, e o Sistema de Remuneração por Tempo, prevalente nos hospitais públicos. Foi constatado um elevado número de profissionais médicos que apresentam mais de uma forma de remuneração em todas as situações de trabalho. Os três atores envolvidos acreditam que a melhor forma de remuneração é aquela que considere alguma medida de resultado, visando maiores qualidade e resultado. A forma de remuneração por produção foi escolhido pelos médicos como a mais justa e satisfatória. O interesse pelo tema, demonstrado pelos profissionais, aliado à relevância do mesmo como um dos instrumentos de aperfeiçoamento gerencial, justifica mais estudos na área.

  4. Remuneração do trabalho médico: um estudo sobre seus sistemas e formas em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte

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    Mariangela L. Cherchiglia

    1994-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o propósito de realizar uma análise descritiva dos sistemas e formas de remuneração do trabalho médico em hospitais gerais de Belo Horizonte e apreender a percepção de gerentes hospitalares, médicos e representantes das associações corporativas médicas e empresariais sobre os mesmos, foi feita uma amostra intencional de hospitais, conforme critérios previamente estabelecidos, e realizadas entrevistas com os profissionais ligados aos mesmos. Foram entrevistados, também, os representantes das corporações médica e empresarial. Na análise de dados, utilizando-se conceitos adaptados da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT, encontrou-se o Sistema de Remuneração por Resultado, exclusivo dos hospitais privados, e o Sistema de Remuneração por Tempo, prevalente nos hospitais públicos. Foi constatado um elevado número de profissionais médicos que apresentam mais de uma forma de remuneração em todas as situações de trabalho. Os três atores envolvidos acreditam que a melhor forma de remuneração é aquela que considere alguma medida de resultado, visando maiores qualidade e resultado. A forma de remuneração por produção foi escolhido pelos médicos como a mais justa e satisfatória. O interesse pelo tema, demonstrado pelos profissionais, aliado à relevância do mesmo como um dos instrumentos de aperfeiçoamento gerencial, justifica mais estudos na área.

  5. Séries no ensino privado, ciclos no público: um estudo em Belo Horizonte Grades in private schools, learning cycles in public schools: a study carried out in Belo Horizonte

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    Paulo Roberto Vidal de Negreiros

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é entender o fenômeno que tem ocorrido nas esferas de ensino público e privado no Brasil no que diz respeito à aplicação do art. 23 da Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional - LDB -, Lei n. 9.394/96, que trata da organização dos tempos escolares. Ao flexibilizar e delegar a autonomia aos estabelecimentos de ensino na escolha da organização dos tempos escolares esta lei acabou provocando uma situação diversificada. Os dados revelam que a rede pública movimenta-se mais rapidamente para uma organização em ciclos enquanto que a rede privada de ensino mostra-se mais propensa à continuidade da organização seriada. Dados estatísticos recentes, fornecidos pelo Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisas Educacionais Anísio Teixeira - Inep - comprovam isso. As razões pelas quais os estabelecimentos de ensino público adotam o sistema de ciclos têm sido objeto de muitas publicações. No entanto, quando a escola particular é o foco dessa questão, não se sabe ao certo quais as razões da não adesão à proposta dos ciclos e nem os motivos da continuidade do sistema seriado.The objective of this study is to understand what has been occurring in the spheres of public and private education in Brazil, concerning the application of art. 23 of the Guidelines and Bases Act of Education - LDB -, Law n. 9.394/96, which deals with the organization of school times. This law has caused a diversified situation by allowing flexibility and delegating autonomy to teaching institutions to decide on school time's organization. The data indicate that the public schools are moving more quickly towards an organization based on cycles, whereas the private ones are more inclined to keep grades. Recent statistic data, supplied by the National Institute of Pedagogical Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira - Inep -, prove it. The reasons why public teaching institutions adopt the learning cycle have been discussed in many

  6. Educação Integral, territórios educativos e cidadania: aprendendo com as experiências de ampliação da jornada escolar em Belo Horizonte e Santarém Integral Education, education territories and citizenship: learning from the experiences of expansion of the day in school in Belo Horizonte and Santarém

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    Lúcia Helena Alvarez Leite

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta o resultado de uma pesquisa sobre a ampliação da jornada escolar desenvolvida em alguns municípios brasileiros, tendo como eixo a Educação Integral/Integrada em suas relações com os territórios educativos. Para isso, será apresentada a experiência de duas cidades brasileiras: Belo Horizonte e Santarém. Apesar de realidades distintas, essas experiências têm algo em comum: os projetos vão para além dos muros da escola, ocupando praças, parques e até rios, entendidos como espaços sociais, construindo, assim, um sentimento de pertencimento à cidade. A experiência de ampliação da jornada escolar nessas cidades revela uma determinada perspectiva de educação que procura transformar a cidade em território educativo, entendendo que a instituição escolar faz parte de uma rede social para garantir a crianças, jovens e adolescentes o direito a uma Educação Integral.This article shows the results of a research regarding the expansion of the school hours, developed in some Brazilian municipalities with integral/integrated education in their relations with the educative territories. For this, the experience in two Brazilian cities: Belo Horizonte and Santarém will be presented. Despite the distinct contexts, these experiences have something in common: the projects go beyond the school walls, reaching squares, parks and even rivers, considered as social areas, thus building a feeling of belonging to the city. The experience of expanding the school hours in those cities reveals a specific perspective of education that intends to transform the city into an educative territory, understanding that schools are part of a social network to ensure to children, youths and adolescents, the right to the integral education.

  7. Demografia do consumo urbano: um estudo sobre a geração de resíduos sólidos domiciliares no município de Belo Horizonte Demografía del consumo urbano: un estudio sobre la generación de residuos sólidos domiciliarios en el municipio de Belo Horizonte Demography of urban consumption: a study on the generation of solid waste in the city of Belo Horizonte

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    Harley Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho explora relações entre fatores socioeconômicos e demográficos e a produção de resíduos sólidos domiciliares - o lixo doméstico -, para o município de Belo Horizonte em 2002. A proposta foi investigar se diferenciais socioeconômicos (especificamente renda e educação e demográficos (especificamente estrutura etária e domiciliar são importantes na definição do volume de resíduos gerado em sub-regiões do município. O consumo, nesse sentido, é visto como o elo entre as dimensões "população" e "geração de resíduos". A fonte de dados sobre a geração de resíduos sólidos é a Superintendência de Limpeza Urbana (SLU, responsável pela coleta e sistematização das informações em uma malha cartográfica digital. Tal representação espacial das informações permitiu concatená-las com os dados da malha digital das Áreas de Ponderação do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE, referentes ao Censo Demográfico 2000. Métodos estatísticos multivariados foram empregados para investigar as associações entre variáveis populacionais e a produção de resíduos. O trabalho se destaca no cenário dos estudos de população no Brasil pelo uso inédito de informações produzidas sobre resíduos sólidos urbanos e a interação de sua produção com aspectos socioeconômicos e demográficos. Os resultados indicam que a concentração de domicílios unipessoais, população e chefes com 60 anos e mais, e idade média elevada, algo como um "perfil demográfico urbano-contemporâneo", surge recorrentemente como aspecto demográfico central na diferenciação de áreas de maior geração per capita. Estes fatores são associados constantemente à renda e escolaridade elevadas.Este trabajo explora las relaciones entre factores socioeconómicos y demográficos y la producción de residuos sólidos domiciliarios -la basura doméstica-, en el municipio de Belo Horizonte durante 2002. La propuesta fue

  8. A conservação do patrimônio histórico, arquitetônico e urbano do conjunto da Igreja de São José de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

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    Altino Barbosa Caldeira

    2012-01-01

    O conjunto arquitetônico e paisagístico da Igreja de São José foi tombado pelo Conselho Deliberativo do município de Belo Horizonte em 10 de novembro de 1994 por sua importância como marco simbólico para a cidade.  As diversas edificações existentes na quadra e os jardins que circundam a igreja fazem parte, por sua vez, do Conjunto Urbano da Avenida Afonso Pena, que se configura como o eixo estruturador desta cidade, que é a capital do Estado de Minas Gerais.  Situações de desconformidade em ...

  9. A URBANIZAÇÃO DE BELO HORIZONTE E A RE-PRODUÇÃO SOCIAL DAS SUAS PERIFERIAS METROPOLITANAS: DA IRRUPÇÃO À ALIENAÇÃO DAS NECESSIDADES?

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    Luiz Antônio Evangelista de Andrade

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available There is a theoretical need to contribute to the recognition of the statute of the urbanization of Belo Horizonte, thinking about it from its metropolitan outskirts. These outskirts, whose contradictions have materialized in the struggles for the achievements of urbanization, have proliferated in the wake of urbanization which was transformed into a business field. The lack of resolution of these contradictions makes others explicit: the update of the institutionalized forms of what has been called well-being and fulfillment of life has meant a growing dissatisfaction with everyday life. The obfuscation of the lens, which allow us to question this everyday life, grows due to an unprecedented material abundance.

  10. Som e complexidade urbana: apontamentos a partir de uma visão sistêmica das sonoridades do comércio popular no Hipercentro de Belo Horizonte.

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    Juliana O. Rocha Franco

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir da compreensão das cidades e ambientes urbanos como um sistema complexo, a proposta do presente texto é analisar a sonoridade da cidade de Belo Horizonte, buscando compreender como os habitantes da cidade atuam e se apropriam do ambiente urbano e como organizam suas experiências tendo em vista a sua relação com este ambiente. O estudo de caso descrito neste trabalho é baseado em dados levantados pelo projeto “Cartografias Urbanas”, vinculado ao Centro de Convergência de Novas Mídias da UFMG.

  11. Investigando as intenções de turnover: o caso dos vendedores e gerentes de duas redes de lojas da cidade de Belo Horizonte

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    Lúcio Flávio Renault de Moraes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Abordando o turnover – tema inserido no campo de estudos denominado Comportamento Organizacional -, este trabalho tem como objetivo investigar as intenções de turnover entre os vendedores e gerentes de duas redes de lojas da cidade de Belo Horizonte. Pretende-se, também, fornecer subsídios para o início de uma reflexão profunda sobre o tema e um embasamento para futuras pesquisas, focando o turnover na área do comércio varejista. Utilizou-se a pesquisa-diagnóstico, exploratória, de cunho estritamente qualitativo. O interesse pela pesquisa do tema no Brasil ocorre em função da constatação que, não obstante a sua relevância para a competitividade das organizações, o assunto não vem recebendo aqui, ao contrário da Europa e Estados Unidos, a mínima atenção. Este estudo é o início de uma linha de pesquisa que objetiva entender como se desenvolve o fenômeno do turnover no Brasil, quais os seus antecedentes, correlatos e conseqüentes. Contudo, a principal conclusão deste estudo é que os determinantes das intenções de turnover são de natureza subjetiva, mais especificamente as percepções das oportunidades do mercado de trabalho e se as percepções ligadas ao cargo têm um importante papel nas explicações desse fenômeno

  12. Perfil epidemiológico e ocupacional dos anestesiologistas inseridos no mercado de trabalho de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, em 2010

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    Bárbara Silva Neves

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Exposto aos diversos fatores de riscos ocupacionais, o anestesiologista deve saber como vivenciar as situações relacionadas ao trabalho e à vida cotidiana para que o adoecimento não faça parte da sua realidade. O conhecimento do trabalho através do trabalhador é uma forma de buscar a fundo o universo que cerca o profissional para que soluções eficientes aumentem a satisfação e minimizem os danos. O objetivo desta investigação é traçar um perfil epidemiológico e ocupacional do anestesiologista de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. MÉTODOS: Estudo quantitativo, transversal, aleatório entre os membros da Sociedade de Anestesiologia de Minas Gerais. Dados coletados através de questionário específico, incluindo o CAGE, para avaliação do alcoolismo, e o Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20, para avaliação da prevalência dos transtornos mentais comuns (TMC. RESULTADOS: Houve um predomínio de homens (62,4% trabalhando em esquema de plantão (91,1%, tanto diurno quanto noturno. A média de plantões noturnos foi de 5,4% nos últimos 30 dias. A maior parte deles (88,3% em serviços de urgência. A maioria dos profissionais considerase muito cansada e sobrecarregada ou muito sobrecarregada, porém se diz realizada com o trabalho. Houve associação estatística entre CAGE positivo e sobrecarga de trabalho e entre esse e o SRQ-20. CONCLUSÕES: O universo estudado mostra o médico anestesiologista como um profissional bastante sobrecarregado, o que vai de encontro às tendências da profissão médica. Atenção importante deve ser dada a esse profissional, que vive cercado de danosos riscos ocupacionais.

  13. Avaliação oftalmológica de crianças de escolas públicas de Belo Horizonte/MG: um panorama acerca da baixa acuidade visual

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    Geraldo de Barros Ribeiro

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever e analisar a prevalência de baixa acuidade visual e suas causas em estudantes do ensino público de Belo Horizonte/MG. Métodos: Estudo transversal de 1452 escolares de 5 a 19 anos, do ensino público de Belo Horizonte/MG, triados e atendidos entre 2011 e 2014. Resultados: Da amostra total, 150 pacientes (10,33% apresentaram baixa acuidade visual à triagem, recebendo encaminhamento para atendimento oftalmológico. Quarenta (26,66% foram encaminhados e compareceram à consulta, onde 29 (72,5% apresentaram indicação de correção visual. O astigmatismo miópico simples e composto foram os diagnósticos mais relacionados à prescrição de óculos. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou que a prevalência de baixa acuidade visual na população estudada foi compatível com demais programas semelhantes. Em contrapartida, a taxa de abstenção foi maior do que o esperado, evidenciando a importância da criação de medidas preventivas e informativas quanto à importância do cuidado com a saúde ocular.

  14. Distribuição temporal e espacial da leishmaniose visceral em humanos e cães em Belo Horizonte-MG, 1993 a 2007 Temporal and spatial distribution of leishmaniasis in humans and dogs from Belo Horizonte-MG, 1993-2007

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    E.G.P. Lopes

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi descrever as análises da série cronológica e determinar a tendência da leishmaniose visceral em humanos e cães para o município de Belo Horizonte, de 1993 a 2007. De 1994, quando surgiram os primeiros casos da doença, até 2007, foram registrados 994 casos humanos autóctones com 116 óbitos. De 1993 a 2007, foram analisadas 1.492.401 amostras de sangue canino com percentual de positividade de 5,9%, utilizando-se os testes de enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA como triagem e de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI como confirmatório. As análises indicaram que a leishmaniose visceral apresentou tendência crescente dos coeficientes de incidência em humanos e de prevalência em cães, e observaram-se arquétipos distintos dessa tendência, retratando o momento histórico de transição endêmica. A leishmaniose visceral em cães não apresentou características de distribuição sazonal, e não foi possível concluir a existência ou não de ciclicidade do fenômeno. A leishmaniose visceral em humanos e cães tem ampla distribuição espacial nas nove regionais administrativas com risco diferenciado de acometimento da doença, apesar da presença das fontes de infecção e dos susceptíveis em todo o município.The chronological series analysis and the tendencies of both human and canine visceral leishmaniasis were determined in Belo Horizonte city, from 1993 to 2007. From 1994, when the first cases of the disease were reported, until 2007, 994 human cases were recorded, which led to 116 deaths. From 1993 to 2007, 1,492,401 samples of canine blood were analyzed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA as screening test and by the Indirect Immunofluorescence (IFI as confirmatory test. The rate of positive results was 5.9%. The analyses indicated that the visceral leishmaniasis presents a tendency of increasing the coefficient of incidence in humans and prevalence in dogs and different archetypes of

  15. Afecções mais freqüentes do aparelho locomotor dos eqüídeos de tração no município de Belo Horizonte Most frequent pathologies of the locomotor system in equids used for wagon traction in Belo Horizonte

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    R.P.A. Maranhão

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Determinaram-se as enfermidades mais comuns do sistema músculo-esquelético dos animais de tração na cidade de Belo Horizonte. Foram utilizados 58 animais (42 eqüinos e 16 muares, sendo 31 machos e 27 fêmeas. O diagnóstico baseou-se no histórico e nos exames físico e radiológico. A freqüência observada para tenossinovite nos membros torácicos e pélvicos foi 55,2%, para tendinite nos membros torácicos, 81,0%, para tendinite nos membros pélvicos, 58,6%, e para desmite do ligamento suspensório nos membros torácicos, 77,6%. Para as lesões osteoarticulares, os resultados foram 13,8%, 12,1%, 27,6% e 12,1% de lesões osteoartríticas para a articulação interfalangeana distal dos membros torácicos e pélvicos e articulação interfalangeana proximal dos membros torácicos e pélvicos, respectivamente. Na articulação metacarpo-falangeana, a incidência foi 41,4% e, nos membros pélvicos, 39,7%. A incidência na articulação cárpica foi 62,1% e, na articulação társica, 96,6%. Os achados dos tecidos moles indicaram sobrecarga nos aparatos flexor e suspensório nesse tipo de atividade. Em ambos os casos, a atividade desenvolvida pelos animais parece ser a principal causa envolvida.The most common conditions of the musculoskeletal system of draft equidae in the city of Belo Horizonte were determined. Fifty-eight animals (42 horses and 16 mules were randomly examined, being 31 males and 27 females. Diagnosis was based on history, clinical and radiological examinations. The frequency observed for tenosynovitis in the fore and hindlimbs was 55.2%, 81.0%, for tendinitis in the forelimbs, 58.6% for tendinitis in the himblimbs, and 77.6% for suspensory ligament desmitis in the forelimbs. The results showed 13.8%, 12.1%, 27.6% and 12.1% of osteoarthritic lesions for distal interphalangeal joint of fore and hindlimbs and proximal interphalangeal joint of fore and hindlimbs, respectively. In the fetlock joints of the forelimbs, the

  16. Fatores adicionais de risco cardiovascular associados ao excesso de peso em crianças e adolescentes: o estudo do coração de Belo Horizonte Additional cardiovascular risk factors associated with excess weigth in children and adolescents: the Belo Horizonte heart study

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    Robespierre Q. C. Ribeiro

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Examinar a associação de sobrepeso e obesidade com perfis de atividade física, pressão arterial (PA e lípides séricos. MÉTODOS: Inquérito epidemiológico com 1.450 estudantes - seis a dezoito anos, em Belo Horizonte-MG. Dados: peso, altura, PA, espessura de pregas cutâneas, circunferência das cinturas, atividade física, colesterol total (CT, LDL-c, HDL-c, e hábitos alimentares. RESULTADOS:Prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram 8,4% e 3,1%. Em relação aos estudantes situados no quartil inferior (Q1 da distribuição da prega subescapular, os estudantes do quartil superior (Q4 apresentaram um risco (odds ratio 3,7 vezes maior de ter um CT aumentado. Os estudantes com sobrepeso e obesos tiveram 3,6 vezes mais risco de apresentar PA sistólica aumentada, e 2,7 vezes para PA diastólica aumentada, em relação aos estudantes com peso normal. Os estudantes menos ativos, no Q1 da distribuição de MET, apresentaram 3,8 vezes mais riscos de terem CT aumentado comparados com os mais ativos (Q4. CONCLUSÃO: Estudantes com sobrepeso ou obesos ou nos quartis superiores para outras variáveis de adiposidade, assim como os estudantes com baixos níveis de atividade física ou sedentários apresentaram níveis mais elevados de PA e perfil lipídico de risco aumentado para o desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of overweight and obesity with physical activity, blood pressure (BP and serum lipid profiles. METHODS: Epidemiologic investigation of 1,450 students, between the ages of 6 and 18, in the city of Belo Horizonte, MG. Data: weight, height, BP, skinfold thickness, waist circumference, physical activity, total cholesterol (TC, LDL-c, HDL-c, and dietary habits. RESULTS: The prevalence rates for overweight and obesity were 8.4% and 3.1%, respectively. In relation to the students in the lower quartile (Q1 of the distribution of subscapular skinfold, the students in the upper quartile (Q4 presented

  17. Avaliação da efetividade da rede municipal pública de apoio diagnóstico em patologia clínica: o caso de Belo Horizonte (MG Effectiveness assessment of public clinical laboratories: the case of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State

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    Leyla Gomes Sancho

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Importantes mudanças na organização de redes de laboratórios públicos de patologia clínica vêm ocorrendo sem, no entanto, uma decorrente avaliação de sua efetividade organizacional. O estudo pretendeu determinar um parâmetro da efetividade da rede pública de apoio diagnóstico em patologia clínica do município de Belo Horizonte e determinar os seus pontos de corte para as seções desses laboratórios. Para tanto, se consolidou por seção e pelo conjunto dos laboratórios da rede a produção total realizada e o número de horas trabalhadas durante um período de sete meses no ano de 2008. Foi observada nas seções do conjunto dos laboratórios da rede, decorrente da inscrição dos trabalhadores no modo de produção do setor, uma variabilidade em relação ao desempenho do conjunto dos trabalhadores. O parâmetro de efetividade da rede foi estabelecido em 29,90 exames por hora e o ponto de corte assumido para as seções, como consequência da primeira análise, ficou assim estabelecido: 15,50 para hematologia, 67,29 para bioquímica, 6,45 para parasitologia, 11,35 para urinálise, 4,94 para microbiologia e 19,03 para sorologia. Concluiu-se que o processo de trabalho nos laboratórios pode gerar uma diminuição na sua efetividade, assim como, por decorrência, suscitou a necessidade da implementação da avaliação como um instrumento de gestão no setor.The organization of public clinical laboratories is experiencing changes without, however, an organizational assessment of its effectiveness. The study aimed to determine a parameter of effectiveness for public clinical laboratories of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, and set cut-off points for the sections of these laboratories. In order to do so, the total production and number of hours worked during a period of 7 months in the year 2008 were consolidated. Due to the entrance of the workers in the mode of production in the laboratories network, it could be observed a

  18. Results of Patch-Tests from Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte Dermatology Clinic, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2003 to 2010 Resultados de Testes de Contato da Clínica Dermatológica da Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, Brasil, de 2003 a 2010

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    Dulcilea Ferraz Rodrigues

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This Dermatology Clinic tests referred patients who have suspected allergic contact dermatitis. The patch-test results (1406 patients from July 1st, 2003 to June 30th, 2010 will be reported and compared to the data from the Brazilian Contact Dermatitis Study Group (GBEDC. A standardized patch test (30 allergens was used in all of these patients. Depending on the complaint and suspected allergen another battery was also used (cosmetic battery.The most frequent allergens of Brazilian Standard Patch Test Series and Cosmetic Brazilian Standard Patch Test Series were nickel and tosylamide formaldehyde resin, respectively. Allergic contact dermatitis was the final diagnosis in 58.2%. Studies about allergen frequency may enable the performance of prevention programmes.Esta Clínica Dermatológica realiza testes de contato em pacientes encaminhados com suspeita de dermatite alérgica de contato. Os resultados de testes de contato (1406 pacientes, realizados no período de 1/07/2003 a 30/06/2010, serão descritos e comparados aos dados do Grupo Brasileiro de Estudo em Dermatite de Contato. Uma bateria de teste de contato padronizada (30 alérgenos foi usada em todos esses pacientes. Dependendo da queixa e do alérgeno suspeito, outra bateria(cosméticos foi testada. Os alérgenos mais frequentes das Baterias Padrão e Cosméticos foram níquel e resina-tonsilamida formaldeído, respectivamente. Dermatite alérgica de contato foi o diagnóstico final em 58.2%. Estudos sobre frequência de alérgenos podem viabilizar programas preventivos.

  19. Autonomia, gênero e gravidez na adolescência: uma análise comparativa da experiência de adolescentes e mulheres jovens provenientes de camadas médias e populares em Belo Horizonte

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    Alessandra Sampaio Chacham

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, investiga-se como desigualdades de classe e de gênero atuam no sentido de reduzir o grau de autonomia de adolescentes (15 a 19 anos e mulheres jovens (20 a 24 anos, influenciando seu comportamento sexual e reprodutivo, especificamente na experiência da gravidez na adolescência. Na análise foram utilizados dados provenientes de dois inquéritos, cuja amostra total foi de 648 jovens do sexo feminino entre 15 e 24 anos de idade, 292 residentes em bairros de classe média e 356 em favelas situados na região centro-sul da cidade de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Nos resultados, encontrou-se uma prevalência bruta de 27,3% de gravidez até os 19 anos entre as jovens residentes em favelas e de 1,7% entre as moradoras em bairros da região centro-sul de Belo Horizonte. Os dados apontam para uma relação direta entre a gravidez na adolescência com o controle e a violência por parte do parceiro. Entre aquelas residentes em favelas, 48% das que declararam ter sofrido violência física por parte de um parceiro e 58% das que declararam ter sofrido violência sexual haviam engravidado ao menos uma vez antes dos 19 anos. A associação da violência de gênero com a gravidez na adolescência se manteve presente mesmo quando controlada por classe social, ainda que seu peso fosse muito mais pronunciado entre as jovens de baixa renda. Esses resultados reforçam a importância de se aprofundar a compreensão acerca do impacto das desigualdades de classe e gênero no comportamento sexual e reprodutivo de adolescentes e mulheres jovens.

  20. Aspectos epidemiológicos de pacientes traqueostomizados em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto de um hospital de referência ao Sistema Único de Saúde em Belo Horizonte Epidemiological profile of patients with tracheotomy in a referral public hospital intensive care unit in Belo Horizonte

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    Cláudio Dornas de Oliveira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: A traqueostomia é frequentemente realizada com a finalidade de favorecer o desmame da ventilação mecânica. No entanto, não se conhece o real impacto da traqueostomia nos diversos grupos de pacientes em nosso meio. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar características epidemiológicas dos pacientes submetidos à traqueostomia na unidade de terapia intensiva da Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte e traçar paralelos com outros estudos semelhantes. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, através de revisão de prontuários e banco de dados do sistema "QuaTI" (Qualidade em Terapia Intensiva de 87 pacientes traqueostomizados no ano de 2007. RESULTADOS: A análise dos 87 pacientes estudados mostrou média de idade de 58 ± 17 anos, média do APACHE II de 18 ± 6, tempo médio de intubação orotraqueal de 11,17 ± 4,78 dias, mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva de 40,2% e mortalidade hospitalar geral de 62,1%. A média de idade dos pacientes que faleceram na unidade de terapia intensiva (65 ± 17 anos foi maior que a daqueles que receberam alta (53 ± 16 anosp = 0,003. A média de idade dos indivíduos que faleceram no hospital (62 ± 17anos foi maior que a dos sobreviventes (52 ± 16 anos p = 0,008. A senilidade (idade maior ou igual a 65 anos constituiu fator relacionado a mortalidade na unidade de terapia intensiva (OR 2,874, IC 1,165 a 7,088 p = 0,020 e à mortalidade hospitalar geral (OR 3,202, IC 1,188 a 8,628 p = 0,019. Não foram observadas outras variáveis associados a mortalidade. CONCLUSÕES: O perfil epidemiológico de pacientes traqueostomizados na unidade de terapia intensiva deste estudo revelou elevada taxa de mortalidade ao se comparar com estudos internacionais. A senilidade esteve relacionada a pior desfecho nestes pacientes. Não foram identificados outros aspectos relacionados a mortalidade no grupo estudado.OBJECTIVES: Tracheostomy is a common procedure in intensive care unit to promote mechanical

  1. Carcinoma ductal in situ da mama: critérios para diagnóstico e abordagem em hospitais públicos de Belo Horizonte Approach of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast in three public hospitals in Belo Horizonte

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    Marcio de Almeida Salles

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar os aspectos clínicos, radiológicos, anátomo-patológicos e terapêuticos de uma série de casos de carcinoma ductal in situ (CDIS da mama de pacientes atendidos em três hospitais públicos de Belo Horizonte (MG. MÉTODOS: foram selecionados dos arquivos médicos todos os casos de câncer de mama diagnosticados entre os anos de 1985 e 2000, encontrando-se 179 casos com diagnóstico de CDIS. Fez-se revisão anátomo-patológica das lâminas e obtiveram-se dados clínicos completos, mamografias e informações sobre tratamento em 85 casos. RESULTADOS: a maioria dos casos eram assintomáticos e os diagnósticos foram feitos pela mamografia (68,2%, sendo as microcalcificações a alteração radiológica mais freqüente. Houve aumento progressivo no diagnóstico de CDIS ao longo dos anos simultâneo à introdução do exame periódico mamográfico. Houve concordância entre o diagnóstico inicial e após a revisão histopatológica em 72,9% dos casos. Em três casos, o diagnóstico original de CDIS não foi confirmado pela revisão, tratando-se de hiperplasias com atipias. O achado de microcalcificações radiológicas foi confirmado no estudo histopatológico em 95,6%. A metade dos pacientes foi submetida à mastectomia. Nos casos submetidos à linfadenectomia axilar, todos os linfonodos dissecados foram negativos para metástases. CONCLUSÕES: os dados encontrados estão de acordo com a literatura, que mostra um aumento do diagnóstico do CDIS a partir de 1990. Houve importante variação interobservador entre os diagnósticos anátomo-patológicos iniciais e os da revisão, sendo que os diagnósticos iniciais tendiam para malignidade. Houve grande número de tratamentos mais radicais como a mastectomia e esvaziamentos axilares, que provavelmente, com os conhecimentos atuais, seriam substituídos por tratamentos conservadores e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela.PURPOSE: to evaluate the clinical, radiological therapeutic and

  2. Prevalência e fatores associados ao uso de antiinflamatórios não-esteróides por pacientes submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 2000 Prevalence of and factors associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use by patients submitted to upper endoscopy, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 2000

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    Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de AINE por pacientes submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta no Hospital das Clínicas da UFMG. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de uma amostra de 533 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 17 anos, com endoscopia previamente marcada na Seção de Endoscopia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas. Foram considerados quatro grupos de variáveis exploratórias: sociodemográficas, relacionadas aos hábitos de vida, relacionadas à história de morbidades e relacionadas ao uso de medicamentos. Os dados foram submetidos às análises estatísticas bivariada e multivariada. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Entre os entrevistados, 34,1% relataram algum uso de AINE no período de 1 mês anterior à realização da endoscopia. Os AINE mais utilizados foram o ácido acetilsalicílico e o diclofenaco. Os fatores associados ao uso de AINE foram: sexo feminino (OR = 2,07; IC 95% = 1,28-3,34, renda igual ou superior a 3 salários mínimos (OR = 3,20; IC 95% = 1,74-5,90, uso de álcool (OR = 2,43; IC 95% = 1,39-4,24, presença de sintomas gastrintestinais (OR = 1,82; IC 95% = 1,18-2,80, uso regular de 4 ou mais medicamentos (OR = 4,33; IC 95% = 2,49-7,54 e história prévia de úlcera e/ou hemorragia digestiva (OR = 0,40; IC 95% = 0,22-0,75. Estes resultados mostram semelhanças aos observados em países desenvolvidos. Além disso, alertam para a necessidade de maior atenção por profissionais de saúde para com os subgrupos de uso evidenciados.INTRODUCTION: The objective was to determine the prevalence and the factors associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID used by patients submitted to upper endoscopy at Hospital das Clínicas/UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a 533 patients, aged 17 or older, whose endoscopies had been previously scheduled at the Endoscopy Section of Hospital

  3. Aspectos demográficos e espaciais dos acidentes escorpiônicos no Distrito Sanitário Noroeste, Município de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 1993 a 1996

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    Nunes Celina Schmidel

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas 352 fichas de registro de acidentes por escorpião ocorridos no Distrito Sanitário Noroeste no Município de Belo Horizonte, no período de 1993 a 1996. Este distrito congrega, tradicionalmente, uma das maiores incidências de casos, tendo-se encontrado 10,37 acidentes por 10.000 hab., no período estudado. A avaliação segundo o sexo não revelou risco diferenciado e a faixa etária com maior incidência foi a de 50 anos ou mais. Não se verificou sazonalidade na distribuição temporal dos acidentes. A distribuição espacial dos acidentes revelou áreas com maior concentração de casos, tendo o aparecimento de escorpiões seguido, aproximadamente, padrão de distribuição semelhante. Esta primeira avaliação descritiva é importante para nortear as atividades e áreas a serem priorizadas no planejamento das ações de combate ao escorpionismo de acordo com os diferentes perfis epidemiológicos das populações atendidas pelos serviços de saúde pública, mormente o do Distrito Sanitário Noroeste.

  4. Significado atribuído por trabalhadores da saúde de Belo Horizonte-MG ao princípio da resolutividade nas ações cotidianas

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    Lilian Machado Torres

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de estudo qualitativo, fundamentado na sociologia compreensiva, cujo objetivo foi o de compreender o significado atribuído pelos profissionais da rede hierarquizada de saúde de Belo Horizonte-MG, Brasil, ao princípio da resolutividade nas ações cotidianas de saúde. Trinta e dois trabalhadores foram os informantes desta pesquisa. Foi utilizada a entrevista semiestruturada e a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Profissionais descrevem o que é resolutividade e fatores que dificultam sua concretização. Percebem, também, que os pacientes nem sempre saem das Unidades com a resposta que desejam; e que o serviço é resolutivo no que corresponde ao seu nível de atenção, embora para a população e alguns gerentes seja o inverso. Conclui-se que se torna premente a reorganização de aspectos relacionados a este princípio doutrinário do SUS.

  5. Captação de Recurso, Mobilização e Legalidade: O “Fazer Estratégico” de Organizações do Terceiro Setor em Belo Horizonte

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    Glauce Viegas

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the development of strategies in nonprofit organizations located in the city of Belo Horizonte. Given that nonprofit organizations have in their daily lives the need to promote management actions consistent with a given rationality, which is not necessarily the same for public and private institutions, an appropriate management to their specificities – substantive and non-instrumental – became a major challenge. The study consisted of a descriptive and qualitative research in which were used documents and semi-structured interviews with representatives of 22 organizations, analyzed in accordance with the assumptions of content analysis were used. The axis of the main methodological data analysis was content analysis. The survey results showed that the perspective of the strategy in nonprofit organizations is becoming more complex, without losing the procedural characteristics of fundraising, mobilization and legality. This characteristic reinforces the need to invest in nondeterministic studies such as strategy as a social practice, especially in this field, where the construction of prescriptive models seems inconsistent with the presented reality, since it was clear that the strategy making in these organizations takes place through social and political constructions.

  6. A prática do trabalho infantil entre os beneficiários do Programa Bolsa-Escola Belo Horizonte: um estudo sobre os determinantes sociodemográficos

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    Michelle dos Santos Diniz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho infantil atinge mais de cinco milhões de crianças e adolescentes no Brasil e é atribuído principalmente à pobreza. Este artigo tem por objetivo estudar as características das famílias com e sem registro de trabalho infantil inscritas no Programa Bolsa-Escola de Belo Horizonte e comparar os dois grupos para se detectar fatores possivelmente associados ao trabalho infantil. Foi realizado estudo transversal com 9.252 famílias participantes do programa, de 2003 a 2006, com enfoque nas características do domicílio, da mãe e da família. Entre as 9.252 famílias estudadas, 1.293 (13,9% apresentaram registro de trabalho infantil. Observou-se relação positiva entre a ocorrência de trabalho infantil e o maior número de pessoas na casa, ausência do cônjuge no domicílio, baixa escolaridade da mãe e inserção trabalhista da mãe. Apesar da consolidação do programa, o trabalho infantil continua presente entre os bolsistas. Além da pobreza, outros fatores podem contribuir para o trabalho infantil.

  7. Printed educational materials about sexual and reproductive health used in basic care in Belo Horizonte, MG: characterization and some considerations - DOI: 10.3395/reciis.v3i4.149en

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    Virginia Torres Schall

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available An initial analysis of printed educational materials used by the Municipal Health Office (MHO of Belo Horizonte (BH on themes linked to sexual and reproductive health was carried out. Premises were that health education is a practice developed at the social relations level and that mass media and daily interaction can be a link between the population and the health services. Printed material was collected from a Basic Health Unit (BHU of the MHO/BH and its content was classified, described and analyzed. To study the meanings that teenagers attributed to the body’s sexual and reproductive dimensions, using one of the materials, a focal group was formed. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with health professionals.It should be emphasized that the materials are produced in a vertical manner, treating the target audience as an airtight and homogenous block, with the STD/AIDS thematic prevailing. Some of the materials focusing on aids display good quality, presenting an objective and clear language and pertinent illustrations. However, in the majority, the prevailing approach is that of the biomedical body in detriment to a broader approach to sexuality. Assessments and reception studies are needed so that the production of educational material can be linked to the target audience’s existential context and that quality criteria for these materials are included in health professionals’ training.

  8. Quantificação da hidroxiprolina como índice de qualidade de salsicha comercializada em Belo Horizonte-MG Quantification of hydroxyproline as an index of quality for frankfurter sold in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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    R.A.A. Reis

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar o teor de colágeno em salsichas mediante a quantificação da hidroxiprolina. Amostras de salsichas produzidas por indústrias de pequeno, médio e grande porte, classificadas em função do mercado atendido, foram analisadas quanto ao seu conteúdo em hidroxiprolina, por técnica colorimétrica. O teor de colágeno foi significativamente diferente, baseado na quantidade de hidroxiprolina presente nas amostras de salsicha. As amostras que apresentaram o menor teor de colágeno foram as da indústria de médio porte (0,45%, seguida daquelas da indústria de grande porte (0,64%. As salsichas da indústria de pequeno porte apresentaram o maior teor de colágeno (0,89%. Esses resultados mostram que esse teste pode ser utilizado para classificação qualitativa de salsichas, em função dos teores de colágeno.The purpose of this work was to estimate the collagen content of frankfurters by hydroxyproline quantification. Frankfurters were produced at small, medium and large plants, according to the target market (local, regional and national. Determination of hydroxyproline was made by colorimetric method. The results showed that the frankfurters had different standards in the manufacturing, since the collagen content was statistically different. Samples from the medium size industry presented the lowest collagen content (0.45%, followed by samples from the large size plant (0.64%. Frankfurters from the small size industry had the highest collagen content (0.89%. These data showed that this analytical procedure can be used for quality classification of frankfurter based on collagen content.

  9. Perfil dos idosos freqüentadores de grupos de convivência em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil A profile of elderly members of community groups in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Paula Lutiene de Castro e Borges

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho caracterizou os idosos freqüentadores de grupos de convivência sob os aspectos físico, social, psicológico e econômico. Realizou-se estudo descritivo transversal com 197 idosos, utilizando o Brazilian Old Age Schedule modificado, com perguntas sobre saúde física, serviços médicos, atividades da vida diária, recursos sociais, econômicos e saúde mental. A maioria dos participantes era mulher, viúva, com escolaridade primária, média de idade de 71,66 ± 6,8 anos; 51,27% consideraram sua saúde boa, 85,28% referiram pelo menos uma doença; 63,96% não relataram quedas no último ano e 56,85% relataram incontinência urinária. A maioria freqüentava os grupos de convivência de idosos há mais de cinco anos; 65,99% apresentaram renda de até um salário mínimo e 24,37% apresentaram sintomas depressivos. Houve associação da autopercepção de saúde com quedas e incontinência urinária; de quedas com problemas neurológicos, músculo-esqueléticos, digestivos e sintomas depressivos; de incontinência urinária com sintomas depressivos e atividades da vida diária e de satisfação com a família e estado civil. As alterações de saúde encontradas reforçam o perfil epidemiológico dos idosos e podem contribuir para o direcionamento de ações para a saúde coletiva dos mesmos.This study focused on elderly members of community groups, specifically their physical, social, psychological, and economic conditions. A descriptive cross-sectional study included 197 individuals, using the modified Brazilian Old Age Schedule, with questions on physical health, medical services, activities of daily living, social and economic resources, and mental health. The majority of participants were women, widows, and had primary schooling; mean age was 71.66 ± 6.8 years; 51.27% considered their health good; 85.28% reported at least one illness; 63.96% reported no falls in the previous year; 56.85% reported urinary incontinence (UI. The majority had attended community groups for the elderly for more than five years; 65.99% had a monthly income of up to one minimum wage; and 24.37% displayed depressive symptoms. There was an association between self-perceived health and falls and UI; between falls and neurological, musculoskeletal, and digestive problems and depressive symptoms; between UI and depressive symptoms and activities of daily living; and between family satisfaction and marital status. The health alterations reinforce the epidemiological profile of the elderly and can contribute to orienting collective health measures for this age group.

  10. Estrutura e organização do trabalho infantil em situação de rua em Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil Structure and organization of children's work on the streets in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

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    Maria Núbia Alves Cruz

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a estrutura e as práticas de trabalho infantil em situação de rua, focalizando as estratégias e o papel das famílias. O método utilizado combina técnicas de observação da atividade, entrevistas simultâneas e entrevistas fora do local da atividade. As categorias de interesse para responder à hipótese do estudo foram organizadas, classificadas e analisadas por meio de cartas temáticas. Os resultados mostram a influência das famílias e da comunidade na execução das atividades e a mobilização de estratégias, visando alcançar os objetivos de trabalho. Esse comportamento expressa a aceitação e a participação familiar e da sociedade na estruturação do trabalho infantil. Porém a exposição à violência não é minimizada pela participação dos genitores, tampouco pela constituição de uma suposta rede de solidariedade. Não se vislumbram possibilidades educativas, dadas as condições de trabalho, incompatíveis com a idade dos sujeitos.This article analyses the organization and work practices of subjects enrolled in public programs of income transfer, focusing on the strategies developed and on the role of families in placing children and adolescents in street jobs. The qualitative method that was used applied activity observation techniques combined with simultaneous and outside work interviews. Narrative analysis was used based on categories of interest defined to answer the study hypothesis. The results show that there is a direct influence of families and the community on the performance of the activities and that the groups mobilize strategies to achieve their aims. This behavior expresses that the family and society accept and participate in the organization of children's work on the street. However, exposure to violence is not diminished by parents' participation nor by the constitution of a supposed solidarity network. Educational possibilities are not anticipated due to the work conditions, which are incompatible with the subjects' age.

  11. Air quality forecasting system for Southeastern Brazil

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    Andrade, Maria de Fatima; Ynoue, Rita Y.; Freitas, Edmilson Dias; Todesco, Enzo; Vara Vela, Angel; Ibarra, Sergio; Martins, Leila Droprinchinski; Martins, Jorge Alberto; Carvalho, Vanessa Silveira Barreto

    2015-01-01

    Southeastern Brazil, the most populous and developed region of the country, faces various environmental problems associated with the growth of its population in urban areas. It is the most industrialized area in the country, comprising the metropolitan areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and other major cities. Air quality is a major concern, because the reported concentrations of certain regulated pollutants, typically ozone and fine particulate, have exceeded national standa...

  12. Risk factors associated with HIV infection among male homosexuals and bisexuals followed in an open cohort study: Project Horizonte, Brazil (1994-2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Silva

    Full Text Available There has recently been an increase in HIV infection rates among men who have sex with men (MSM. This study aimed at investigating risk factors associated with incident HIV infection in a MSM cohort-Project Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.This is a nested case-control study in an ongoing open cohort of homosexual and bisexual men, carried out in 1994-2010, during which 1,085 volunteers were enrolled. Each HIV seroconverted volunteer (case was compared with three randomly selected HIV negative controls, matched by admission date and age (±3 years. During follow-up, 93 volunteers seroconverted and were compared with 279 controls.The risk factors associated with HIV seroconversion were: contact with partner's blood during sexual relations (OR 3.7; 95% CI 1.2-11.6, attendance at gay saunas in search for sexual partners (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.3-5.4, occasional intake of alcohol when flirting and engaging in sexual activity (OR 2.5; 95% CI 1.3-5.1, inconsistent use of condoms in receptive anal sex (OR 2.4; 95% CI 1.1-5.4, little interest to look up information about AIDS (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.0-6.7 particularly in newspapers (OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.4-8.1.This study shows that MSM are still engaging in risk behavior, such as unprotected anal intercourse, despite taking part in a cohort study on various preventive measures. New preventive strategies in touch with the epidemic's development and the specificities of this particular population are needed.

  13. Perfil de 300 trabalhadores expostos à sílica atendidos ambulatorialmente em Belo Horizonte Profile of 300 workers exposed to silica seen in an university outpatient clinic

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    ANA PAULA SCALIA CARNEIRO

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A silicose é a pneumoconiose de maior prevalência no Brasil, sendo a maioria dos casos proveniente do Estado de Minas Gerais. Apesar de ser uma doença evitável, continuam ocorrendo epidemias localizadas. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos trabalhadores atendidos no Ambulatório de Doenças Profissionais do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Material e métodos: Foram estudados 300 prontuários de trabalhadores expostos à sílica em diversas atividades profissionais, atendidos no período de 1989 a 2000, sendo analisados dados clínico-ocupacionais, espirométricos e radiológicos. Realizaram-se análises univariadas, utilizando o teste do qui-quadrado e teste t. Resultados e conclusão: A média de idade dos pacientes expostos foi de 51 anos, com tempo médio de exposição de 15,6 anos. Diagnosticaram-se radiologicamente 126 (42% casos de silicose, constatando-se que, quanto mais avançada a categoria radiológica da doença, piores foram os resultados à espirometria e mais freqüentes as associações com tuberculose e com limitação crônica ao fluxo aéreo. O mercado de trabalho formal representou o principal vínculo empregatício, sendo a mineração a principal atividade exercida, responsável pela exposição de 197 indivíduos (66%. Os trabalhadores do mercado informal foram aqueles que apresentaram achados radiológicos indicativos de formas mais avançadas da doença, sugerindo piores condições de exposição à sílica, neste grupo de trabalhadores.Introduction: Silicosis is the most prevalent pneumoconiosis in Brazil, with most of the registered cases occurring in the State of Minas Gerais. Although it is a preventable disease, silicosis is still epidemic in some areas. Objective: To describe the profile of workers seen at the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Patients and methods: 300 medical records of silica-exposed workers in different occupations, seen

  14. Alimentação saudável e dificuldades para torná-la uma realidade: percepções de pais/responsáveis por pré-escolares de uma creche em Belo Horizonte/MG, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Isabel Cristina Bento; Juliana Maria de Melo Esteves; Thaís Elias França

    2015-01-01

    ResumoTrata-se de um estudo transversal de abordagem qualitativa para conhecer as percepções de 77 responsáveis por pré-escolares matriculados em uma Creche em Belo Horizonte/MG, acerca do que entendem por alimentação saudável e suas dificuldades para se alimentarem de maneira adequada. O instrumento utilizado foi um questionário semiestruturado, previamente testado, contendo perguntas norteadoras obtidas por meio de entrevista face a face. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica do D...

  15. Metacercarial Infection of Wild Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) from Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Fingerlings of Oreochromis niloticus collected in an artificial urban lake from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, were evaluated for natural infection with trematodes. Morphological taxonomic identification of four fluke species was performed in O. niloticus examined, and the total prevalence of metacercariae was 60.7% (37/61). Centrocestus formosanus, a heterophyid found in the gills, was the species with the highest prevalence and mean intensity of infection (31.1% and 3.42 (1–42), resp...

  16. Campo Belo Metamorphic Complex: tectonic evolution of an Archean sialic crust of the southern São Francisco Craton in Minas Gerais (Brazil

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    ARILDO H. OLIVEIRA

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Systematic geological studies performed in the study area allowed the characterization of six lithodemic units: three gneissic, one amphibolitic, one supracrustal and one fissure mafic. The mineral assemblage and the structural record of these lithodemic units indicate that the study area was affected by five tectonothermal events. The structural pattern of the first and oldest event occurred under granulite facies conditions and reveals essentially a sinistral kinematic pattern. The second event, showing dominant extensional characteristics, is related to the generation of an ensialic basin filled by the volcano-sedimentary sequence of the supracrustal lithodemic unit. The third event, which is the most expressive in the study region, is characterized by a vigorous regional migmatization process and by the generation of the Claudio Shear Zone, presenting dextral kinematic movement. The fourth event is represented by a fissure mafic magmatism (probably two different mafic dike swarms and finally, the fifth event is a regional metamorphic re-equilibration that reached the greenschist facies, closing the main processes of the tectonic evolution of the Campo Belo Metamorphic Complex.Estudos geológicos sistemáticos permitiram a caracterização de seis unidades litodêmicas na área estudada: três gnáissicas, uma anfibolítica, uma supracrustal e uma máfica fissural. A assembléia mineral e os registros estruturais dessas unidades litodêmicas mostraram que a área estudada foi afetada por cinco eventos tectonotermais. O padrão estrutural do primeiro e último evento ocorreu em condições de fácies granulito e revelaram uma cinemática essencialmente sinistral. O segundo evento mostrou uma tectônica extensional relacionado à abertura da bacia ensiálica onde se alojou a seqüência vulcanosedimentar da unidade supracrustal. O terceiro evento, que é o mais expressivo na região estudada, é o responsável por um intenso processo de

  17. Comparison of simple, small, full-scale sewage treatment systems in Brazil: UASB-maturation ponds-coarse filter; UASB-horizontal subsurface-flow wetland; vertical-flow wetland (first stage of French system).

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Sperling, M

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a comparison between three simple sewage treatment lines involving natural processes: (a) upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor-three maturation ponds in series-coarse rock filter; (b) UASB reactor-horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland; and (c) vertical-flow constructed wetlands treating raw sewage (first stage of the French system). The evaluation was based on several years of practical experience with three small full-scale plants receiving the same influent wastewater (population equivalents of 220, 60 and 100 inhabitants) in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The comparison included interpretation of concentrations and removal efficiencies based on monitoring data (organic matter, solids, nitrogen, phosphorus, coliforms and helminth eggs), together with an evaluation of practical aspects, such as land and volume requirements, sludge production and handling, plant management, clogging and others. Based on an integrated evaluation of all aspects involved, it is worth emphasizing that each system has its own specificities, and no generalization can be made on the best option. The overall conclusion is that the three lines are suitable for sewage treatment in small communities in warm-climate regions. PMID:25714630

  18. An analysis on the costs of Belo Monte hydroelectric power plant; Uma analise sobre os custos da hidreletrica Belo Monte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Marcos Vinicius Miranda da [Universidade de Sao Paulo (PIPGE/USP), SP (Brazil). Programa Interunidades de Pos-Graduacao em Energia], e-mail: energiapara@yahoo.com.br

    2008-07-01

    The Belo Monte hydropower plant's low generation cost is among the arguments used by Centrais Eletricas do Norte do Brazil (ELETRONORTE), a Brazilian state electric utility, to make possible its construction. This paper shows that the generation cost presented by ELETROBRAS is very low in relation to the world pattern of cost and probably unrealistic. It also shows that the generation cost cannot be used separately to determine the Belo Monte dam's economic feasibility. There is the need to include other costs, such as: socio environmental degradation and control, financial compensation for using the hydraulic resources, transmission and thermal backup stations, beyond, evidently, generation cost for assuring the credibility of the Belo Monte hydropower plant's economic analysis. (author)

  19. Population structure and allometry of Podocnemis unifilis (Testudines, Podocnemididae) in a protected area upstream Belo Monte dam in Xingu River, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miorando, Priscila S; Giarrizzo, Tommaso; Pezzuti, Juarez C B

    2015-01-01

    Amazon river turtles are increasingly threatened by habitat loss and alteration due to the Brazilian energy policy based on construction of hydroelectric dams, meanwhile, populational studies remain scarce. We described the population structure, and established body allometric relationships of Podocnemis unifilis in the Terra do Meio Ecological Station in the Iriri River, tributary of the Xingu River upstream the Belo Monte dam under construction Turtles were captured by hand net and diving in 2012 and 2013 dry seasons, and 2013 rainy season. A total of 728 males, 296 females and four juveniles were captured. Adult sex ratio was male-biased by 9.15 ♂:1 ♀. Females were significantly larger than males. Mean straight carapace length was 268.9 ± 46.7 mm (165 - 403) for females; and 232.7 ± 24.8 mm (167 - 303) for males. The sexes were morphologically distinct in function of a proportionally larger plastron, and higher carapace, on females. Allometric relationships between straight carapace length and other morphometric traits were strong for males (R2 range = 0.87 - 0.96 and females (R2 range =0.79 - 0.98. Exploitation of P. unifilis in biomass extirpated from the Middle Xingu River may be estimated from body parts found post-consumption by the presented regressions. PMID:26628030

  20. A relação entre a satisfação dos funcionários e a satisfação dos clientes: estudo nas empresas de software do município de Belo Horizonte

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    Marcos Alverni Nannetti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A indústria de software tem apresentado crescimento vigoroso nos últimos anos, não só em termos mundiais, como também no Brasil. O segmento é composto basicamente por empresas de pequeno porte, com utilização intensiva de mão de obra especializada. No entanto, estudos indicam que o setor pouco se preocupa com a qualificação de funcionários, talvez porque, normalmente, a demanda supere a oferta, o que relega a um plano secundário as preocupações com a gestão de pessoas, ficando as atenções voltadas para o desenvolvimento e a formatação do serviço propriamente dito. Segundo os modelos teóricos, a participação dos funcionários é de vital importância para o fornecimento de um serviço de qualidade, podendo acarretar a satisfação dos clientes, sua lealdade e, consequentemente, incrementar a rentabilidade da organização. A satisfação dos funcionários pode ser alcançada pela introdução de práticas adequadas de gerenciamento de recursos humanos, incluindo boa comunicação, treinamento e desenvolvimento, trabalho em equipe, incentivo à participação e poder de decisão. Diversos modelos foram propostos para avaliar a satisfação dos clientes, a qual é fruto da qualidade percebida do serviço, de suas expectativas e do valor percebido, de acordo com um dos modelos em questão. Alguns estudos relatam a existência de relação positiva e significativa entre satisfação de clientes e de funcionários. Nesse contexto, procurou-se avaliar qual o impacto da satisfação dos funcionários diretamente sobre a satisfação dos clientes, com base em um modelo teórico que integrasse práticas de Recursos Humanos e antecedentes da satisfação dos clientes. Por meio de pesquisa quantitativa, foram entrevistados clientes e funcionários de 50 empresas da indústria de software de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brasil, totalizando uma amostra válida de 147 respondentes para cada grupo. Os dados foram avaliados com o recurso

  1. Horizontal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG; Chunping

    2005-01-01

    [1]Wu, H., Bochner technique in differential geometry, Advance in Math. (in Chinese), 1981, 10(1): 57-76.[2]Morrow, J., Kodaira, K., Complex Manifolds, New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1971.[3]Abate, M., Aikou, T., Patrizio, G., Preface for Complex Finsler Geometry, Cont. Math., Vol. 196, Providence,RI: Amer. Math. Soc., 1996, 97-100.[4]Abate, M., Patrizio, G., Finsler Metrics-A global approach with applications to geometric function theory,Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 1591, Bedin: Springer-Verlag, 1994.[5]Antonelli, P. L., Lackey, B.(eds.), The Theory of Finslerian Laplacians and Applications, MAIA 459, Dordrecht:Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.[6]Bao, D., Lackey, B., A Hodge decomposition theorem for Finsler spaces, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 323, Serie 1,1996, 51-56.[7]Munteanu, O., Weitzenbock formulas for horizontal and vertical Laplacians, Houston Journal of Mathematics,2003, 29(4): 889-900.[8]Faran, J. J., The equivalence problem for complex Finsler Hamiltonians, Cont. Math.,Vol. 196, Providence, RI:Amer. Math. Soc., 1996, 133-144.[9]Kobayashi, S., Complex Finsler vector bundles, Cont. Math., Vol. 196, Providence, RI: Amer. Math. Soc.,1996,145-153.[10]Aikou, T., On complex Finsler manifolds, Rep. Fac. Sci. Kagoshima Univ. (Math. Phys. & Chem.), 1991, 24:9-25.

  2. Association between Childhood Dental Experiences and Dental Fear among Dental, Psychology and Mathematics Undergraduates in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Serra-Negra, Júnia M.; Vale, Miriam P.; Paiva, Saul M.; Maurício A. Oliveira; Ferreira, Meire C.; Bendo, Cristiane B.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between childhood dental experiences and dental fear in adulthood among dentistry, psychology and mathematics undergraduate students. A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and the questionnaire were self-administered. Associatio...

  3. Self-reported adverse reactions among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Cristiane A. Menezes de Pádua; Cibele C. César; Palmira F. Bonolo; Francisco A. Acurcio; Mark Drew C. Guimarães

    2007-01-01

    A cross-sectional analysis was carried out to describe adverse reactions to antiretroviral therapy (ART) reported by HIV-infected patients initiating treatment at two public health AIDS referral centers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2001-2003 and to verify their association with selected variables. Adverse reactions were obtained through interview at the first follow-up visit (first month) after the antiretroviral prescription. Socio-demographic and behavioral variables related to ART were obtai...

  4. Geoprocessamento aplicado na identificação e localização potencial de conflitos de uso em áreas de preservação permanente na microbacia do córrego Monte Belo, Botucatu (SP, Brasil Geo-processing in identifying and locating potential conflicts of land use in areas of permanent preservation of the Monte Belo watershed, Botucatu (SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Campos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o geoprocessamento aplicado na identificação e localização potencial de conflitos de uso de 1592 ha em áreas de preservação permanentes (APPs da microbacia do Córrego Monte Belo - Botucatu (SP, Brasil (22° 45’ a 22° 48’ de latitude S e de 48° 15’ a 48° 21’ de longitude WGr. através do uso de Sistema de Informações Geográficas e de imagem de satélite digital, bandas 3, 4 e 5 do Sensor TM, do Landsat 5, da órbita 220, ponto 76, quadrante A, passagem de 23.10.2006. Os resultados permitiram constatar que 62.78% da área é ocupada com reflorestamento e 37.22% é mata, e que somente 2.65% da área vem sendo usado inadequadamente com reflorestamento.This work aimed to evaluate the potential of geo-processing in the identification and localization of potential conflicts of use over 1592ha in permanent preservation areas (APPs of the Monte Belo watershed - Botucatu (SP, Brazil (22° 45’ to 22° 48’ S and 48o 15’ to 48° 21’ W, through the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS and digital satellite images, bands 3, 4 and 5 of Sensor TM of LANDSAT 5, of the orbit 220, point 76, quadrant A, passage of 23/10/2006. The results allowed verification that 62.78% of the area is occupied with reforestation and 37.22% is forest, and that only 2.65% of the area has been used inadequately with reforestation.

  5. HIV-1/2 indeterminate Western blot results: follow-up of asymptomatic blood donors in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARNEIRO-PROIETTI A.B.F.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The clinical and public health importance of indeterminate results in HIV-1/2 testing is still difficult to evaluate in volunteer blood donors. At Fundação Hemominas, HIV-1/2 ELISA is used as the screening test and, if reactive, is followed by Western blot (WB. We have evaluated 84 blood donors who had repeatedly reactive ELISA tests for HIV-1/2, but indeterminate WB results. Sixteen of the 84 donors (19.0% had history of sexually transmitted diseases; 18/84 (21.4% informed receiving or paying for sex; 3/84 (3.6% had homosexual contact; 2/26 women (7.6% had past history of multiple illegal abortions and 3/84 (3.6% had been previously transfused. Four out of 62 donors (6.5% had positive anti-nuclear factor (Hep2, with titles up to 1:640. Parasitological examination of the stool revealed eggs of S. mansoni in 4/62 (6.4% donors and other parasites in 8/62 (12.9%. Five (5.9% of the subjects presented overt seroconversion for HIV-1/2, 43/84 (51.2% had negative results on the last visit, while 36/84 (42.9% remained WB indeterminate. Although some conditions could be found associated with the HIV-1/2 indeterminate WB results and many donors had past of risky behavior, the significance of the majority of the results remains to be determined.

  6. Assessing the Psychometric and Ecometric Properties of Neighborhood Scales in Developing Countries: Saúde em Beagá Study, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2008–2009

    OpenAIRE

    Friche, Amélia Augusta de Lima; Diez-Roux, Ana V.; César, Cibele Comini; Xavier, César Coelho; Proietti, Fernando Augusto; Caiaffa, Waleska Teixeira

    2012-01-01

    Although specific measurement instruments are necessary to better understand the relationship between features of neighborhoods and health, very few studies have developed instruments to measure neighborhood features in developing countries. The objective of the study was to develop valid and reliable measures of neighborhood context useful in a Latin American urban context, assess their psychometric and ecometric properties, and examine individual and neighborhood-level predictors of these m...

  7. Horizontal arrangements: strategy for reducing the asymmetry information for dairy farmers in Paraná, Brazil

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    Marcel Moreira de Brito

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available An empirical investigation was conducted to study whether dairy farmers involved in horizontal arrangements (HA have lower information asymmetry than those who do not participate in HA. Our assumption is that greater access to information results in fewer risky decisions in production systems. One hundred and twenty semi-structured questionnaires were applied to dairy farmers located in four different geographical regions in Paraná State, Brazil. Exploratory factor analysis was used to define factors related to information asymmetry in dairy agribusiness system (DAS and four factors were defined. In a second step, the 120 dairy farmers were split into two groups: the first one involved in HA and the second one not involved in HA. Mean test (t-student were performed to compare these groups between factors. Significant differences (P<0.05 were observed for factors related to transaction information and for general market information, and dairy farmers participating in HA achieved the greatest values. Finally, it can be concluded that dairy farmers who participate in HA have higher access to information, which can create an environment with lower information asymmetry and, consequently, be subject to lower risks than dairy farmers who do not participate in HA

  8. Diffusion and prediction of Leishmaniasis in a large metropolitan area in Brazil with a Bayesian space-time model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assunção, R M; Reis, I A; Oliveira, C D

    2001-08-15

    We present results from an analysis of human visceral Leishmaniasis cases based on public health records of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 1994 to 1997. The main emphasis in this study is on the development of a spatial statistical model to map and project the rates of visceral Leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte. The model allows for space-time interaction and it is based on a hierarchical Bayesian approach. We assume that the underlying rates evolve in time according to a polynomial trend specific to each small area in the region. The parameters of these polynomials receive a spatial distribution in the form of an autonormal distribution. While the raw rates are extremely noisy and inadequate to support decisions, the resulting smoothed rates estimates are considerably less affected by small area issues and provide very clear directions to implement public health actions. PMID:11468766

  9. O orçamento participativo digital e a democracia participativa: um estudo de caso a partir da experiência de Belo Horizonte http://dx.doi.org/10.15601/1983-7631/rt.v3n5p159-163

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joelma Fátima Alvarenga

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Em um contexto social complexo e globalizado e sob um regime constitucional democrático, o Poder Público tem buscado novas formas de participação dos cidadãos nos negócios públicos. A participação direta, mediante o acesso da sociedade ao processo de decisão sobre políticas públicas, tem constituído importante instrumento para a concretização, no Brasil, de uma democracia que alia instrumentos representativos e diretos. Entre as principais experiências verificadas no país encontra-se a adoção, pela Administração Pública, do Orçamento Participativo, estratégia que permite ao cidadão definir, em certa medida, a alocação de recursos públicos em um dado período. Este trabalho parte dessas premissas e avalia a implementação e execução do Orçamento Participativo Digital – OPD - no Município de Belo Horizonte no ano de 2006. No estudo realizado verificou-se que o OPD representa um aprofundamento, em qualidade e quantidade, do Orçamento Participativo, pois tanto expande a participação quanto resguarda mais a autonomia da vontade do eleitor. Apesar dos problemas apresentados, constatou-se que o OPD constitui um passo importante para a ampliação da democracia participativa.Palavras-chave: orçamento participativo; administração pública

  10. Estratégia Saúde da Família em comparação a outras fontes de atenção: indicadores de uso e qualidade dos serviços de saúde em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Foram comparados indicadores de uso e qualidade dos serviços de saúde em uma amostra probabilística de adultos (N = 7.534 cobertos por plano privado, Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF e unidade básica de saúde (UBS "tradicional" no Município de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Após ajustamentos por fatores demográficos, condições de saúde e situação socioeconômica, os indicadores de uso (longitudinalidade, procura por atenção e consultas médicas apresentaram melhor performance entre usuários regulares da ESF e afiliados a plano privado em comparação aos cobertos pela UBS. As hospitalizações, os exames de rastreamento e a vacinação contra a gripe variaram pouco entre esses grupos. Os indicadores de qualidade (dificuldades para obter consultas, existência de filas, queixa para obtenção de medicamentos e obtenção de consultas em 24 horas foram melhores entre afiliados a plano privado. A recomendação para outra pessoa dos serviços de saúde utilizados foi mais frequente entre usuários regulares da ESF (61,9% e afiliados a plano privado (55,6%, em comparação à UBS (45,4%.

  11. Empreededorismo social: caso da 'cidade dos meninos' Belo Horizonte - Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Marinho de Oliveira

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A Cidade dos Meninos de São Vicente de Paulo, é uma das mais ousadas e completas abordagens no enfrentamento do problema dos menores de rua no Brasil. Este artigo, descreve a experiência da “Cidade dos Meninos” e de seu idealizador, apoiando-se em teorias recentes sobre empreendedorismo social. Atenção especial é dada à definição de empreendedor social catalítico (WADDOCK; POST, 1991, relacionando a atuação da liderança da Cidade dos Meninos a esse perfil. Uma das possíveis conclusões é que, em países em desenvolvimento como o Brasil, o empreendedor social catalítico não pode exercer apenas a função de criador e implementador de políticas, face a dimensão da carência e do problema com o qual ele se confronta, envolvendo-se então na ação direta

  12. A morfometria e o estado trófico de um reservatório urbano: lagoa do Nado, Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais Morphometry and trophic state of an urban reservoir: Nado Lagoon, Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Motta Pinto-Coelho

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available São descritas as características morfométricas de um pequeno reservatório, a lagoa do Nado. Trata-se de lago artificial raso, com 2,7 m e 7,6 m de profundidades média e máxima, respectivamente. A localização, no fundo de um pequeno vale, rodeado por vegetação de grande porte, elevada profundidade relativa (5,5% e bacia de acumulação de formato cônico (Dv = 1,07, indica uma alta estabilidade física da coluna de água. O tempo de retenção da água no reservatório, no período seco, foi de 78 dias e, no período chuvoso, de 2,1 dias. O presente estudo ainda apresenta a primeira carta batimétrica do reservatório. Finalmente, o estado trófico foi avaliado mensalmente, de setembro/99 a setembro/00, utilizando-se o índice de estado trófico (IET de Carlson. O reservatório foi considerado como meso-eutrófico ao longo do período de amostragem.This study presents the morphometric characteristics of a small urban reservoir: Nado Lagoon. It is an artificial, shallow lake with 2.7 m. mean depth and 7.6 m. maximum depth. It is located at the bottom of a relatively large valley, surrounded by tall trees, with high relative depth (5.5% and conical accumulation basin (Dv = 1.07, with a high water column physical stability. The reservoir mean retention time was 78 days during the dry season and 2.1 days during the rainy season. This study also presents the first bathymetric map of the reservoir. The reservoir trophic state was monthly evaluated from September 1999 to September 2000, through Carlson trophic state index (TSI. The results classify the reservoir as meso-eutrophic throughout the sampling period.

  13. Controle de Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806 (Acari: Ixodidae no canil da Escola de Veterinária da UFMG, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Control of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806 (Acari: Ixodidae in the kennel of the UFMG Veterinary School, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo F. Paz

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como proposta controlar uma infestação natural de Rhipicephalus sanguineus em um canil pertencente à Escola de Veterinária da UFMG, com uma área de 72 m² e 25 cães de diversas raças. Um teste de sensibilidade a produtos acaricidas foi aplicado em uma amostra de carrapatos capturados no canil. Dos produtos testados: Amitraz 12,5% (Produto 1; uma associação de Alfametrina 2% e Dichlorvós 60% (produto 2; Deltametrina 5% (produto 3 e uma associação de Trichlorfon 77,6%, Coumaphós 1% e Cyfluthrin 1% (produto 4; somente os produtos 1 e 4 apresentaram 100% de eficácia. O Amitraz 12,5% foi utilizado no controle dos estádios de R. sanguineus presentes no ambiente do canil, com um esquema de 4 aplicações a cada 7 dias de intervalo. Para os estádios parasitários, um único tratamento com Flumetrina 1.0% pour-on foi empregado em todos os animais. A inspeção e o monitoramento do ambiente e dos animais foram realizados durante um período de um ano. Estas medidas de controle reduziram significativamente a população de carrapatos dentro do canil. O canil não apresentou infestação pelo carrapato nos seis meses seguintes aos tratamentos. Uma infestação leve foi observada no 7º mês pós-tratamento, quando foi realizada uma nova aplicação de Amitraz 12,5% no ambiente do canil e um novo tratamento com Flumetrina 1.0% pour-on nos animais, com resultados satisfatórios.The present work was aimed at proposing a control measure for Rhipicephalus sanguineus in a naturally infected kennel of 72 m² of the UFMG Veterinary School with 25 dogs of different breeds. A sensitivity test to acaricide products was applied in a sample of R. sanguineus. Out of the acaricide products tested: 12.5% Amitraz (product 1; 2% Alfamethrin and 60% Dichlorvos association (product 2; 5% Deltamethrin (product 3 and the association between 77.6% Trichlorfon, 1.0% Coumaphos and 1.0% Cyfluthrin (product 4; only 1 and 4 products showed 100% efficacy. Amitraz (12.5% was used for controlling R. sanguineus in the surrounding of the kennel, on which four treatments every seven days were carried out in the facilities. For parasitic R. sanguineus, a single topical treatment was used: Flumetrin 1.0% pour - on on all the 25 dogs. This control measure significantly reduced the population of R. sanguineus within the kennel. A slight infestation was observed in the seventh month after treatment. A new application of 12.5% Amitraz was done in the kennel as well as a new topical treatment with Flumetrin 1.0% pour - on on the dogs. The control procedure proposed in the present study was an emergency measure and its effectiveness was checked through environmental surveys throughout a one-year period.

  14. Vertical and horizontal distribution of pollination systems in cerrado fragments of central Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Quintas Martins

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available In fragments of the cerrado, we determined the frequency of pollination systems and analyzed their spatial distribution. We placed 38 transects, sampling 2,280 individuals and 121 species. As expected in Neotropical regions, bee-pollination was the most frequent pollination system. We found a decrease in the frequency of plants pollinated by beetles towards the fragment interior. Similarly, we found significant variation in relation to height just for the bats; there was an increase in the frequency of plants pollinated by bats towards the higher heights. In general, we found no horizontal and vertical variation in the pollination systems, probably as consequence of the more open physiognomy of the cerrado vegetation.As principais pressões seletivas nas estratégias de polinização originam principalmente do ambiente em que plantas ocorrem, como subdossel, dossel, borda ou interior de um fragmento. Diferentes condições ambientais aumentam as diferenças entre os nichos ecológicos e podem implicar diferenças nas proporções dos sistemas de polinização. Em fragmentos de cerrado, determinamos a freqüência dos sistemas de polinização e analisamos sua distribuição espacial. Lançamos 38 transecções aleatoriamente, amostrando 2.280 indivíduos e 121 espécies. Como esperado para regiões neotropicais, a polinização por abelhas foi o sistema de polinização mais freqüente. Encontramos uma diminuição na freqüência de plantas polinizadas por besouros em direção ao interior do fragmento. De modo similar, encontramos uma variação significativa em relação à altura somente para os morcegos, havendo um aumento na freqüência de plantas em direção a alturas mais altas. Em geral, não encontramos variações horizontais e verticais nos sistemas de polinização, provavelmente, como conseqüência da fisionomia mais aberta de cerrado.

  15. Uncertainties in Amazon Hydropower Development: Risk Scenarios and Environmental Issues around the Belo Monte Dam

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    Wilson Cabral de Sousa Júnior

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The Amazon region is the final frontier and central focus of Brazilian hydro development, which raises a range of environmental concerns. The largest project in the Amazon is the planned Belo Monte Complex on the Xingu river. If constructed it will be the second biggest hydroelectric plant in Brazil, third largest on earth. In this study, we analyse the private and social costs, and benefits of the Belo Monte project. Furthermore, we present risk scenarios, considering fluctuations in the project’s feasibility that would result from variations in total costs and power. For our analysis, we create three scenarios. In the first scenario Belo Monte appears feasible, with a net present value (NPV in the range of US$670 million and a rate of return in excess of the 12% discount rate used in this analysis. The second scenario, where we varied some of the project costs and assumptions based on other economic estimates, shows the project to be infeasible, with a negative NPV of about US$3 billion and external costs around US$330 million. We also conducted a risk analysis, allowing variation in several of the parameters most important to the project’s feasibility. The simulations brought together the risks of cost overruns, construction delays, lower-than-expected generation and rising social costs. The probability of a positive NPV in these circumstances was calculated to be just 28%, or there is a 72% chance that the costs of the Belo Monte dam will be greater than the benefits. Several WCD recommendations are not considered in the project, especially those related to transparency, social participation in the discussion, economic analysis and risk assessment, and licensing of the project. This study underscores the importance of forming a participatory consensus, based on clear, objective information, on whether or not to build the Belo Monte dam.

  16. Local fish extinction in a small tropical lake in Brazil

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    Paulo dos Santos Pompeu

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Lagoa Santa is a shallow permanent lake, located in Belo Horizonte metropolitan region, Brazil. In this study, the loss in fish diversity of the lake over the past 150 years is evaluated. Local extinction of almost 70% of the original fish fauna is described. Probably, the main causes of this richness loss were: obstruction of natural communication with rio das Velhas, non-native species introduction, change in the water level, organic pollution, and elimination of littoral and submerged vegetation.Lagoa Santa é uma lagoa rasa e permanente, localizada na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Neste estudo, é avaliada a diminuição da diversidade de peixes na lagoa. Avaliações recentes indicam que cerca de 70% da ictiofauna nativa foi extinta na lagoa, durante os últimos 150 anos. As causas prováveis desta perda de espécies foram: obstrução da comunicação com o rio das Velhas, introdução de espécies exóticas, mudanças no nível da água, poluição orgânica e eliminação da vegetação marginal e submersa.

  17. Belo Monte hydropower project: actual studies; AHE Belo Monte: os estudos atuais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueira Netto, Carlos Alberto de Moya [CNEC Engenharia S.A., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Rezende, Paulo Fernando Vieira Souto [Centrais Eletricas Brasileiras S.A. (ELETROBRAS), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    This article presents the evolution of the studies of Belo Monte Hydro Power Project (HPP) since the initial inventory studies of the Xingu River in 1979 until the current studies for conclusion of the Technical, Economic and Environmental Feasibility Studies the Belo Monte Hydro Power Project, as authorized by Brazilian National Congress. The current studies characterize the Belo Monte HPP with an installed capacity of 11,181.3 MW (20 units of 550 MW in the main power house and 7 units of 25.9 MW in the additional power house), connected to the Brazilian Interconnected Power Grid, allowing to generate 4,796 mean MW of firm energy, without depending on any flow rate regularization of the upstream Xingu river flooding only 441 k m2, of which approximately 200 k m2, correspond to the normal annual wet season flooding of the Xingu River. (author)

  18. Nuclear research reactors in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cota, Anna Paula Leite; Mesquita, Amir Zacarias, E-mail: aplc@cdtn.b, E-mail: amir@cdtn.b [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The rising concerns about global warming and energy security have spurred a revival of interest in nuclear energy, giving birth to a 'nuclear power renaissance' in several countries in the world. Particularly in Brazil, in the recent years, the nuclear power renaissance can be seen in the actions that comprise its nuclear program, summarily the increase of the investments in nuclear research institutes and the government target to design and build the Brazilian Multipurpose research Reactor (BMR). In the last 50 years, Brazilian research reactors have been used for training, for producing radioisotopes to meet demands in industry and nuclear medicine, for miscellaneous irradiation services and for academic research. Moreover, the research reactors are used as laboratories to develop technologies in power reactors, which are evaluated today at around 450 worldwide. In this application, those reactors become more viable in relation to power reactors by the lowest cost, by the operation at low temperatures and, furthermore, by lower demand for nuclear fuel. In Brazil, four research reactors were installed: the IEA-R1 and the MB-01 reactors, both at the Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas Nucleares (IPEN, Sao Paulo); the Argonauta, at the Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear (IEN, Rio de Janeiro) and the IPR-R1 TRIGA reactor, at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN, Belo Horizonte). The present paper intends to enumerate the characteristics of these reactors, their utilization and current academic research. Therefore, through this paper, we intend to collaborate on the BMR project. (author)

  19. Noise in large cities in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerges, Samir N. Y.

    2001-05-01

    Large cities' noise is considered by the World Health Organization to be the third most hazardous pollution, preceded by air and water pollution. In urban centers, in general, and especially in developing countries such as Brazil, large populations are affected by excessive noise due mainly to traffic flow. The Brazilian Federal Government specifies noise limits, but each state can enforce its own set of noise limits, providing they are lower. The rapid economic growth, together with large migration of northern Brazilians to the developing southern urban areas in search of more lucrative jobs in construction and industrial sectors, resulted in a fast increase in activities such as vehicle and bus traffic, home construction, and development of all necessary infrastructures to support this growth. Urban noise in Brazil has been receiving the attention of national authorities only since 1990, when the Federal Government approved the first ``Program of Community Silence,'' based on ISO R 1996-1971. This paper highlights the noise situation in the five largest and most populated cities in Brazil: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre and Curitiba [Zannin et al., Appl. Acoust. 63, 351-358 (2002)].

  20. First record of Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål in Brazil (Araneae, Araneidae

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    Éder Sandro Soares Álvares

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Cyrtophora Simon, 1864 comprises 36 species that occur in the Old World and Australia. Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål, 1775 is widespread and has been introduced in the Neotropical region, in Colombia and Hispaniola. Here is presented the first record of this species in Brazil, in the municipalities of Belo Horizonte and Prudente de Morais, State of Minas Gerais. The specimens studied show variations in coloration and in the abdomen's format, but the genital structure is the same as observed in specimens of C. citricola.Cyrtophora Simon, 1864 compreende 36 espécies que ocorrem no Velho Mundo e Austrália. Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål, 1775 é uma espécie de ampla distribuição e que foi introduzida na região Neotropical, na Colombia e em Hispaniola. Aqui é apresentada a primeira ocorrência desta espécie no Brasil, nas cidades de Belo Horizonte e Prudente de Morais, Minas Gerais. Os espécimes estudados apresentam variações na coloração e no formato do abdome, mas a estrutura genital é a mesma observada em espécimes de C. citricola.

  1. The expansion of the petroleum industry in 2030 Brazil horizon; A expansao do setor petrolifero no Brasil no horizonte 2030

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavares, Marina Elisabete Espinho [Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE), Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Soares, Jeferson Borghetti; Queiroz, Renato Pinto de; Oliveira, Ricardo Gorini de

    2008-07-01

    This paper presents an expansion proposal for oil sector in Brazil considering the expansion for energy sector proposed in National Energy Plan 2030. Planning process is important for oil sector because this is an important and strategic primary source which needs great investments in production and refining capacity expansion. The proposal presented considers hypothesis related to oil reserves and production growing, refining capacity expansion, limits in oil and its products imports and these hypothesis should be revised periodically for better results in planning. (author)

  2. Atividade ocupacional e prevalência de dor osteomuscular em cirurgiões-dentistas de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil: contribuição ao debate sobre os distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho Occupational activity and prevalence of upper-limb and back pain among dentists in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: a contribution to the debate on work-related musculoskeletal disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serafim Barbosa Santos Filho

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de prevalência de dor osteomuscular e fatores associados ao sintoma em cirurgiões-dentistas (n = 358, utilizando-se de questionário auto-aplicável, com dados sócio-demográficos, ocupacionais, psicossociais, hábitos de vida, localização e características de dor. 92% dos dentistas selecionados participaram do estudo. A prevalência de dor no segmento superior foi de 58%: 22% de dor no braço, 21% na coluna, 20% no pescoço e 17% no ombro; 26% relataram dor diária e 40% dor moderada/forte. Na análise multivariada (regressão logística múltipla, os fatores associados à dor foram: Pescoço: ansiedade/depressão (RC = 2,3; IC95%: 1,2-4,5, ruído-compressor (RC = 2,1; IC95%: 1,2-3,7, satisfação no trabalho (RC = 0,3; IC95%: 0,1-0,9 e uso de visão indireta (RC = 0,5; IC95%: 0,3-0,9; ombro: renda > 20 salários (RC = 2,9; IC95%: 1,2-6,7, maior produtividade (RC = 3,3; IC95%: 1,3-8,4, altura > ou = 160cm (RC = 0,3; IC95%: 0,2-0,7 e idade 30-49 anos (RC = 0,3; IC95%: 0,1-0,8; coluna: ansiedade/depressão (RC = 2,3; IC95%: 1,2-4,5, atividade manual (RC = 0,4; IC95%: 0,2-0,9 e ser casado (RC = 0,5; IC95%: 0,3-0,9; braços: atividade manual (RC = 1,8; IC95%: 1,0-3,2.The objective was to determine the prevalence of upper-limb and back pain among dentists (n = 358 and factors associated with these symptoms. Dentists were interviewed using a self-administered questionnaire containing data on sociodemographic, occupational, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors and presence, site, and characteristics of pain. Participation rate was 92.3%. 58% reported upper limb pain, with 22, 21, 20, and 17% for the arm, back, neck, and shoulder, respectively. 26% reported daily frequency and 40% classified pain as moderate or severe. In the multivariate analysis (multiple logistic regression, the factors associated with pain were: neck: anxiety/depression (OR = 2.3; CI95%: 1.2-4.5, compressor in the office (OR = 2.1; CI95%: 1.2-3.7, job satisfaction (OR = 0.3; CI95%: 0.1-0.9, and use of indirect vision (OR = 0.5; CI95%: 0.3-0.9; shoulder: income > 20 minimum wage (OR = 2.9; CI95%: 1.2-6.7, greater productivity (OR = 3.3; CI95%: 1.3-8.4, height > or = 160cm (OR = 0.3; CI95%: 0.2-0.7, and age 30-49 years (OR = 0.3; CI95%: 0.1-0.8; back: anxiety/depression (OR = 2.3; CI95%: 1.2-4.5, manual activity (OR = 0.4; CI95%: 0.2-0.9, and being married (OR = 0.5; CI95%: 0.3-0.9; arms: manual activity (OR = 1.8; CI95%: 1.0-3.2.

  3. Hydraulic fracturing as a possible mechanism of dyke-sill transitions and horizontal discordant intrusions in trachytic tabular bodies of Arraial do Cabo, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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    S.E. Sichel

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents some field descriptions and genetic considerations about dyke-sill transitions and horizontal-discordant intrusions of the early Tertiary felsic alkaline dyke swarm at Arraial do Cabo, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Two examples show the entire process of dyke-sill transition. Near sea level they are vertical-discordant; at middle height, oblique-concordant; at the top of the cliff, horizontal-discordant. The latter process cannot be explained by a traditional model of magma intrusion along weaknesses in the host body. It can be accounted for by hydraulic fracturing: magma pressure creates a new fracture normal to σ3, regardless of whether old fracture systems exist. The dyke-sill transition takes place at a depth such that σ3 changes direction from horizontal to vertical. In the specific case described here, the stress change could be caused by intrusion and volume expansion of the Cabo Frio Island syenitic body.

  4. Evaluation of Leishmania (Leishmania chagasi strains isolated from dogs originating from two visceral leishmaniasis-endemic areas in Brazil using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis

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    Carlos Eduardo Ribeiro Coutinho

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Domestic dogs are the most important reservoir in the peridomestic transmission cycle of Leishmania (Leishmania chagasi. The genetic variability of subpopulations of this parasite circulating in dogs has not been thoroughly analyzed in Brazil, even though this knowledge has important implications in the clinical-epidemiological context. METHODS: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the phenotypic variability of 153 L. chagasi strains isolated from dogs originating from the municipalities of Rio de Janeiro (n = 57 and Belo Horizonte (n = 96, where the disease is endemic. Strains isolated only from intact skin were selected and analyzed by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis using nine enzyme systems (6PG, GPI, NH1 and NH2, G6P, PGM, MDH, ME, and IDHNADP. RESULTS: The electrophoretic profile was identical for all isolates analyzed and was the same as that of the L. chagasi reference strain (MHOM/BR/74/PP75. Phenetic analysis showed a similarity index of one for all strains, with the isolates sharing 100% of the characteristics analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that the L. chagasi populations circulating in dogs from Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte belong to a single zymodeme.

  5. Polentaço® de Monte Belo do Sul, RS – Pequena História de um Evento Gastronômico

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    Krisciê Pertile

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Os eventos, em especial os incluídos no calendário turístico municipal e regional, têm forte influência para o turismo cultural em Monte Belo do Sul, por sua associação às tradições ligadas à produção da uva e do vinho, herdada dos itálicos. Entre essas festas está o Polentaço®, com suas edições bianuais, em paralelo à Festa do Agricultor, tematizada a partir da Polenta. Assim, este trabalho tem por intuito registrar a memória do evento gastronômico Polentaço®, realizado no município de Monte Belo do Sul, no Rio Grande do Sul, e disponibilizar documentos a ele associados.Polentaço® Monte Belo do Sul, RS - Short History of a Gastronomic Event -  The Events, in particular those included in the municipal and regional tourism calendar, have a strong influence for a cultural tourism in Monte Belo do Sul, in association with the traditions connected to the grapes and wine production, feature inherited from the Italians. Among these parties is the Polentaço®, with its biannual editions, happening in parallel to the Festa do Agricultor (Farmer's Feast, having the Polenta as the main theme. Thus, this paper seeks rescuing the memory of gastronomic event Polentaço®, held in Monte Belo do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

  6. Status of Research Reactor Utilization in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brazil has four research reactors in operation: the IEA-R1, a pool type research reactor of 5 MW; the IPR-R1, a TRIGA Mark I type research reactor of 100 kW; the ARGONAUTA, an Argonaut type research reactor of 500 W; and the IPEN/MB-01 a critical facility of 100 W. Research reactor utilization has more than fifty years in Brazil. The first three reactors, constructed in the late 50's and early 60's at university campus in Sao Paulo, Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro, had their utilization for training, teaching and nuclear research. The IPEN/MB-01, designed and constructed in IPEN in the late 80's, is utilized for the development and qualification of reactor physics calculation for PWR core application. The IEA-R1 has had its application and utilization increased through the years and it is presently used for radioisotope production, neutron beam application, neutrongraphy, neutron activation analysis, and limited fuel and material irradiation tests, besides the regular use for training and teaching. The low power of the reactor and the lack of hot cells for post irradiation analysis limits its technical application for the nuclear fuel industry. Brazil has two nuclear power plants in operation, one unit starting construction and four more units planned for the next two decades. Brazil has significant quantities of uranium ore and has expertise in all the fuel cycle steps, including uranium enrichment, and produces the fuel assemblies for the nuclear power plants. These industrial activities demand the need of material and fuel irradiation tests. IPEN produces radiopharmaceutical kits for the treatment of more than three million patients each year. The majority of the radiopharmaceutical kits is produced from imported radioisotopes. The increasing price and shortage of world supply of 99mTc leads also to the need of increasing the radioisotope production in Brazil. Due to these new demands, the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission is analyzing the costs and benefits

  7. Workplace and occupational health: The first metal evaluation using nuclear and analytical techniques in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belo Horizonte, the capital of the State of Minas Gerais and its neighbourhood are the second industrial center of Brazil, concentrating many industries in several areas mainly metal refining and transformation. There are no registers about the level of metal concentration in the environmental air in the industry, nor even of the level of workers' contamination. The overall objective of this Project is to make a survey of the exposures to metals related to occupational diseases in galvanizing industry, which is responsible for the majority of occurrences of occupational diseases. The survey will be accomplished using as bio-indicators hair, nails, blood, urine, and individual air filters. These matrixes will indicate the incorporation of metals and the exposure level. The analytical techniques that will be applied are the neutron activation joined to related non nuclear analytical techniques, such as atomic absorption. (author)

  8. Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technological advances by newly industrialized countries (NICs) have become a central concern of the recent literature on the political economy of development. Striking a fatal blow to dependency thinking, in so far as it had diagnosed a structural barrier to technological development, these countries have absorbed foreign technology and have developed a very impressive domestic technological capacity. Moreover, their exports have evolved from a traditional reliance on raw materials and unprocessed goods to include increasingly sophisticated manufactured goods and technology itself. The capabilities, motivations, and structures behind nuclear exports must be examined in light of these secular trends. This paper reports on this exploratory analysis of the country's emergence as a nuclear supplier which focuses on six major areas: the balance of motivations and constraints underlying Brazil's nuclear export potential; areas of extant capabilities that would allow the country to play a significant role as a nuclear supplier; formal and informal structures beneath nuclear export policy; patterns of nuclear trade as reflected in past transactions; prospects for continuity and change; generalizability of findings to other emerging suppliers

  9. Influência de poluentes atmosféricos em Belo Jardim (PE utilizando Cladonia verticillaris (líquen como biomonitor Influence of atmospheric pollutants in Belo Jardim (PE using Cladonia verticillaris (lichen as biomonitor

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    Fernando de Oliveira Mota Filho

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Cladonia verticillaris used in this study was collected in the cerrado vegetation of Saloá (PE, Brazil and transplanted in plastic containers on soil from the collection place to Belo Jardim (PE that possesses lead smelters and battery industries. The experiments were disposed at eleven different places for evaluating the dispersion of pollutants and their effects on the biomonitor. The exposed lichens were collected over eight months and submitted to thin layer and high performance liquid chromatographies, and scanning electron microscopy. C. verticillaris placed in the vicinity of the emission sources demonstrated alteration in its metabolism, decreasing the production of its major compound, fumarprotocetraric acid, and deterioration of its external and internal surfaces.

  10. Perspectives of coal power generation at Brazil in the horizon 2010-2030; Perspectivas da geracao termeletrica a carvao no Brasil no horizonte 2010-2030

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Edmar Antunes de

    2009-06-15

    Coal is the fossil fuel with the largest world reserves spread over 70 countries. It is also the main source of power generation in the world accounting for 40% of electric power generation. In Brazil, however, this fuel has an inexpressive share in power generation. In spite of that, national energy security issues, relative low fuel prices and price stability can make this option economically attractive. On the other hand, present environment issues require a search for social and environment responsible solutions, following the sustainable development. Thus, this dissertation's main objective is to present the perspectives of coal power generation in Brazil showing the technologies that seek a reduction of its impacts over the environment as well as an economic evaluation of these options. As it will be shown, coal does not have yet an important paper at the power generation in Brazil in the analyzed horizon due to its characteristics, which can change in a later time. (author)

  11. Speech and language disorders in children from public schools in Belo Horizonte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Terra Vasconcelos Rabelo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To investigate the prevalence of oral language, orofacial motor skill and auditory processing disorders in children aged 4-10 years and verify their association with age and gender. Methods: Cross-sectional study with stratified, random sample consisting of 539 students. The evaluation consisted of three protocols: orofacial motor skill protocol, adapted from the Myofunctional Evaluation Guidelines; the Child Language Test ABFW - Phonology; and a simplified auditory processing evaluation. Descriptive and associative statistical analyses were performed using Epi Info software, release 6.04. Chi-square test was applied to compare proportion of events and analysis of variance was used to compare mean values. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Results: Of the studied subjects, 50.1% had at least one of the assessed disorders; of those, 33.6% had oral language disorder, 17.1% had orofacial motor skill impairment, and 27.3% had auditory processing disorder. There were significant associations between auditory processing skills’ impairment, oral language impairment and age, suggesting a decrease in the number of disorders with increasing age. Similarly, the variable "one or more speech, language and hearing disorders" was also associated with age. Conclusions: The prevalence of speech, language and hearing disorders in children was high, indicating the need for research and public health efforts to cope with this problem.

  12. Speech and language disorders in children from public schools in Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Terra Vasconcelos Rabelo; Fernanda Rodrigues Campos; Clarice Passos Friche; Bárbara Suelen Vasconcelos da Silva; Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche; Claudia Regina Lindgren Alves; Lúcia Maria Horta Figueiredo Goulart

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of oral language, orofacial motor skill and auditory processing disorders in children aged 4-10 years and verify their association with age and gender. Methods: Cross-sectional study with stratified, random sample consisting of 539 students. The evaluation consisted of three protocols: orofacial motor skill protocol, adapted from the Myofunctional Evaluation Guidelines; the Child Language Test ABFW - Phonology; and a simplified auditory processing eva...

  13. Uses of a small research reactor in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three research reactors have been in operation in Brazil. A TRIGA Mark I reactor, the IPR-R1, is located at the Nuclear Technology Development Center (CDTN) of the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), in Belo Horizonte. This reactor has been safely operating since 1960, totaling around 19,300 hours, at rated power levels up tp 100 kW, delivering nearly 1,460 MWh and allowing irradiation of about 390,000 samples. Over the years, the reactor has been used to set up staff expertise on reactor operation in order to provide and improve suitable means to exploit its capabilities. Also, the reactor has been effectively used for applied physics and chemistry research, radioisotope production, chemical analysis and training of personnel. This paper briefly outlines the main historical facts and dates related to the IPR-R1 research reactor facilities, operating status, improvements on original reactor systems, uses in various scientific areas and some feasible prospects for future work. (author)

  14. Rural tourism: a risk factor for schistosomiasis transmission in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enk, Martin Johannes; Amaral, Graciela Larissa; Costa e Silva, Matheus Fernandes; Silveira-Lemos, Denise; Teixeira-Carvalho, Andréa; Martins-Filho, Olindo Assis; Correa-Oliveira, Rodrigo; Gazinnelli, Giovanni; Coelho, Paulo Marcos Zech; Massara, Cristiano Lara

    2010-07-01

    This paper reports an outbreak of acute schistosomiasis among 38 tourists who rented a country house in the district of Igarapé, the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during a holiday period in 2006. A total number of 32 individuals were positive for Schistosoma mansoni. Results of stool examinations revealed individual S. mansoni egg counts per gram of faeces (epg) ranging from 4-768 epg with a geometric mean egg count of 45. The most frequent clinical symptoms were abdominal pain (78.1%), headache (75%), fever (65.6%), dry cough (65.2%) and both diarrhoea and asthenia (59.4%). A malacological survey of the area, where 22 specimens of Biomphalaria glabrata were collected, revealed three (13.6%) specimens eliminating Schistosoma cercariae. This investigation re-confirms a recently described pattern of schistosomiasis infection, resulting in the acute form of the disease and connected to rural tourism, which contributes to the spread of the disease among the middle-class and into non-endemic areas. The lack of specific knowledge about acute schistosomiasis among health services causes an increased number of unnecessary diagnostic procedures and delays in accurate diagnosis and treatment, resulting in considerable discomfort for the patients. PMID:20721505

  15. Rural tourism: a risk factor for schistosomiasis transmission in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Johannes Enk

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports an outbreak of acute schistosomiasis among 38 tourists who rented a country house in the district of Igarapé, the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during a holiday period in 2006. A total number of 32 individuals were positive for Schistosoma mansoni. Results of stool examinations revealed individual S. mansoni egg counts per gram of faeces (epg ranging from 4-768 epg with a geometric mean egg count of 45. The most frequent clinical symptoms were abdominal pain (78.1%, headache (75%, fever (65.6%, dry cough (65.2% and both diarrhoea and asthenia (59.4%. A malacological survey of the area, where 22 specimens of Biomphalaria glabrata were collected, revealed three (13.6% specimens eliminating Schistosoma cercariae. This investigation re-confirms a recently described pattern of schistosomiasis infection, resulting in the acute form of the disease and connected to rural tourism, which contributes to the spread of the disease among the middle-class and into non-endemic areas. The lack of specific knowledge about acute schistosomiasis among health services causes an increased number of unnecessary diagnostic procedures and delays in accurate diagnosis and treatment, resulting in considerable discomfort for the patients.

  16. Self-reported adverse reactions among patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane A. Menezes de Pádua

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional analysis was carried out to describe adverse reactions to antiretroviral therapy (ART reported by HIV-infected patients initiating treatment at two public health AIDS referral centers in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 2001-2003 and to verify their association with selected variables. Adverse reactions were obtained through interview at the first follow-up visit (first month after the antiretroviral prescription. Socio-demographic and behavioral variables related to ART were obtained from baseline and follow-up interviews and clinical variables from medical charts. Patients with four or more reactions were compared to those with less than four. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were estimated using logistic regression model for both univariate and multivariate analyses. At least one adverse reaction was reported by 92.2% of the participants while 56.2% reported four or more different reactions. Antiretroviral regimens including indinavir/ritonavir, irregular use of antiretrovirals and switch in regimens were independently associated with four or more adverse reactions (OR=7.92, 5.73 and 2.03, respectively. The initial period of ARV treatment is crucial and patients´ perception of adverse reactions should be carefully taken into account. Strategies for monitoring and management of adverse reactions including the choice of regimens and the prevention of irregular ART should be developed in AIDS/HIV referral centers in Brazil to promote better adherence to antiretroviral therapy.

  17. Thorium and rare earth elements in crystal and brown sugar consumed in Brazil and Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salles, Paula M.B. de; Campos, Tarcisio P. R. de, E-mail: pauladesalles@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (DEN/UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear; Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C., E-mail: menezes@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Human exposure to contaminants in foods is a matter of general health concern. There is a growing interest in determine and quantify contaminants in food chain including natural radionuclides and rare earth elements (REE). Irradiation effects of radioactive nuclides and REE may cause lesions from their interaction with the human body. This study aimed to identify the presence of thorium and rare earth elements in crystal and brown sugar samples available for consumption in Brazil and Argentina. To determine the chemical elements, the 5g-sample methodology established at CDTN/CNEN, in Belo Horizonte, using the neutron activation technique, k{sub 0}-method, was applied. The element Sm was determined in crystal sugar samples analyzed that were available to consumption in both countries. Similarly to the brown sugar samples which presented La, Sc and Sm. The elements Ce and Th were found in brown sugar sample available to consumption in Brazil. Thus, the detection of these elements in sugar samples is important insofar as the increasing consumption of sugar around the world. The presence of impurities and its concentration may contribute to health issues to consumers. (author)

  18. Thorium and rare earth elements in crystal and brown sugar consumed in Brazil and Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human exposure to contaminants in foods is a matter of general health concern. There is a growing interest in determine and quantify contaminants in food chain including natural radionuclides and rare earth elements (REE). Irradiation effects of radioactive nuclides and REE may cause lesions from their interaction with the human body. This study aimed to identify the presence of thorium and rare earth elements in crystal and brown sugar samples available for consumption in Brazil and Argentina. To determine the chemical elements, the 5g-sample methodology established at CDTN/CNEN, in Belo Horizonte, using the neutron activation technique, k0-method, was applied. The element Sm was determined in crystal sugar samples analyzed that were available to consumption in both countries. Similarly to the brown sugar samples which presented La, Sc and Sm. The elements Ce and Th were found in brown sugar sample available to consumption in Brazil. Thus, the detection of these elements in sugar samples is important insofar as the increasing consumption of sugar around the world. The presence of impurities and its concentration may contribute to health issues to consumers. (author)

  19. Information and education in schistosomiasis control: an analysis of the situation in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schall Virgínia

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main ideas discussed in the round-table "Social and Educacional Aspects of Schistosomiasis Control", during the VII International Symposium of Schistosomiais. Considering the perspectives of schistosomiasis control in Brazil, it is described the example of the State of Minas Gerais , where the disease has been registered for more than seven decades. The importance of an extensive evaluation is now more important, considering the recent change in the Brazilian health system, since the Federal responsibility for the tropical diseases control programs have been replaced by the municipalities coordination. In this way, it is urgent to develop effective alternatives to assist the municipal staffs in the control task. In the specific case of health education, one observes a wide gap between the planned objectives and what is in fact carried out. Instant objectives and the utilization of traditional techniques prevail, which do not take into account the active participation of the population involved. Based on the authors' experience in the scientific and health education, the paper analyzes: (1 some data from a case study in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, which presents the social representation and perception of schistosomiasis by the population; (2 an analysis of 35 different informative and educative materials used in Brazil since the sixties, and (3 some recommendations resulted from the studies that were carried out.

  20. Radiological emergencies attendances in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Radiological Emergency Attendance Group (SAER) of the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN) was reorganized to offer the technical expertise on radiological protection to the community of Minas Gerais State. Response to many calls during 2000-2001 was provided. This paper describes the adopted procedure to look for the two 137 Cs brachytherapy sources which were lost by a hospital in Belo Horizonte. (author)

  1. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis- INAA: environmental studies in Das Velhas Basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis - INAA was applied to determine concentrations of several elements in unpolluted areas and in the mining and farming region of the Das Velhas Basin, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. INAA was applied using the TRIGA Mark I IPR - R1 reactor at the Nuclear Technology Development Center of the National Committee of Nuclear Energy (CDTN/CNEN), in Belo Horizonte city, Minas Gerais State. At 100 kW of potency the flux of neutrons is 6.6 1011 n.cm-2.s-1. The samples analyzed were: water; sediment; gravel of gold mine and forage. The obtained results for the Das Velhas Basin in water and sediment samples - mining companies region - show a high level (μg/g) of contamination with the analyzed elements, mainly in the sediment samples. During the period of floods, in farming region hundreds of kilometers away, contamination is found in fish and forage, reaching and harming both people and animals that live in the marginal region. (Author)

  2. Case study of the atmospheric dispersion of emissions from UPPR/CDTN, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents a study of the atmospheric dispersion of emissions released during activities of production and research of radiopharmaceuticals in the Center of Nuclear Technology Development (CDTN), localized in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais - Brazil. The installation, 'Unidade de Producao e Pesquisa de Radiofarmacos' (UPPR), was considered operating full time during a year. The general goal was to evaluate the radiological environmental impact due to these atmospheric emissions. The pollutants studied were the radionuclides F-18, C-11 and N-13. The meteorological view evaluated was a period of 365 days, simulated from the dates of a typical meteorological year. It was applied the dispersion model ARTM (Atmospheric Radionuclide Transport Model). The atmospheric emissions from UPPR were estimated for the simulation based in an extremely conservative operation condition. Others important data raised and analyzed were: topography, obstacles (buildings) and the land occupation around the CDTN. Among the main results, it is important to emphasize the estimate of the radionuclide concentration and the dose value calculated from these concentration. These results were compared with the dose restriction limit set by the standard CNEN 3.01. Areas of higher concentration were identified and are being used as reference for the positioning of the concentration's monitor of the pollutant by the Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program (PMA). (author)

  3. Case study of the atmospheric dispersion of emissions from UPPR/CDTN, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barreto, Alberto A.; Cesar, Raisa H.S.; Maleta, Paulo G.M.; Grossi, Pablo A., E-mail: aab@cdtn.br, E-mail: raisa.hsc@gmail.com, E-mail: pgmm@cdtn.br, E-mail: pablo@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    This work presents a study of the atmospheric dispersion of emissions released during activities of production and research of radiopharmaceuticals in the Center of Nuclear Technology Development (CDTN), localized in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais - Brazil. The installation, 'Unidade de Producao e Pesquisa de Radiofarmacos' (UPPR), was considered operating full time during a year. The general goal was to evaluate the radiological environmental impact due to these atmospheric emissions. The pollutants studied were the radionuclides F-18, C-11 and N-13. The meteorological view evaluated was a period of 365 days, simulated from the dates of a typical meteorological year. It was applied the dispersion model ARTM (Atmospheric Radionuclide Transport Model). The atmospheric emissions from UPPR were estimated for the simulation based in an extremely conservative operation condition. Others important data raised and analyzed were: topography, obstacles (buildings) and the land occupation around the CDTN. Among the main results, it is important to emphasize the estimate of the radionuclide concentration and the dose value calculated from these concentration. These results were compared with the dose restriction limit set by the standard CNEN 3.01. Areas of higher concentration were identified and are being used as reference for the positioning of the concentration's monitor of the pollutant by the Radiological Environmental Monitoring Program (PMA). (author)

  4. Association between Childhood Dental Experiences and Dental Fear among Dental, Psychology and Mathematics Undergraduates in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júnia M. Serra-Negra

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between childhood dental experiences and dental fear in adulthood among dentistry, psychology and mathematics undergraduate students. A cross-sectional study of 1,256 students from the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, was performed. Students responded to the Brazilian version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS and a questionnaire regarding previous dental experiences. Both the DFS and the questionnaire were self-administered. Association was tested using descriptive, bivariate and multivariate linear regression analysis, with a 5% significance level. Dentistry undergraduates reported lower scores than psychology (p < 0.001 and mathematics undergraduates (p < 0.05 for all three dimensions of the DFS. Negative dental experiences in childhood was associated with dimensions of Avoidance (B = 2.70, p < 0.001, Physiological arousal (B = 1.42, p < 0.001 and Fears of specific stimuli/situations (B = 3.44, p < 0.001. The reason for first visit to dentist was associated with dimensions of Physiological arousal (B = 0.76, p < 0.01 and Fears of specific stimuli/situations (B = 1.29, p < 0.01. Dentists should be encouraged to evaluate the dental fear of their patients before treatment. The DFS has been found to be an effective instrument for this purpose.

  5. The Pampulha reservoir remains a potential urban focus of schistosomiasis mansoni in Brazil: changes in the occurrence patterns of Biomphalaria species and a new record of the parasite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudson Alves Pinto

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The Pampulha reservoir has long been a focus of schistosomiasis transmission in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The last malacological study conducted in this urban reservoir was more than two decades ago, and thus, an update on the distribution of the species of Biomphalaria as well as new data on the presence of Schistosoma mansoni in this water body are required. Methods The current distribution of Biomphalaria spp. in the Pampulha reservoir and their infection with S. mansoni was evaluated during 55 malacological surveys conducted between 2009 and 2012. Results Biomphalaria straminea displayed a high population density and distribution, and 13.7% (2,233/16,235 of the specimens collected were infected with larval trematodes other than Schistosoma mansoni. Biomphalaria tenagophila and Biomphalaria glabrata, species currently presenting a restricted distribution and small populations, displayed trematode infection rates of 15.2% (98/644 and 13% (83/640, respectively. Thirteen (2% specimens of B. glabrata were found to be infected with S. mansoni. In addition, a historical review based on previous and new data on the occurrence patterns of Biomphalaria species in this reservoir is presented. Conclusions The results indicate that the Pampulha reservoir remains a potential focus of urban schistosomiasis in Brazil, and significant changes in the occurrence patterns of Biomphalaria species were verified.

  6. Initial Application of the MM5-MEGAN-SMOKE-CMAQ System for Simulating Air Quality in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Souza, L. S.; Adelman, Z.; Moraes, N. O.; Da Silva, R. M.; Landau, L.; Pimentel, L. G.

    2011-12-01

    Most of the recent air quality modeling studies in Brazil have been focused on the main Metropolitan Areas (MAs) located in the south-central region of the country. Studies over Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are the most frequent and are usually focused on ozone and its precursors. Other MAs that have been the subject of air quality studies include Porto Alegre and Curitiba in the south and Belo Horizonte and Vitoria in the southeast. According to the last official figures from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE - www.ibge.gov.br), Brazil has 36 metropolitan areas with more than 250,000 inhabitants and less than 30% of them have publically-accessible air quality management programs. In this study we examine ozone and its precursors on a national level using a modeling system composed of MM5-MEGAN-SMOKE-CMAQ. The goal of this study is to identify areas with emissions and ozone concentrations that may require air quality management programs. MM5 provided hourly meteorological estimates. SMOKE was used to process global emission data from EDGAR version 3.2 for anthropogenic sources and GFED for biomass burning sources. MEGAN was used to estimate biogenic emissions. The modeling system was run on a 37x37 km grid with 32 vertical levels for august 2005 for a domain that covers all of Brazil. The model period was selected to identify air pollution over the Amazonian area during one of the most intense dry seasons of the past 40 years. Analysis was conducted on the air quality predictions over Amazonia and in the northeast of Brazil to study the influence of different inventory sectors in MAs in these regions. The global emission inventories were assimilated to provide a national emission profile that was able to reproduce important air quality trends, such as peak concentrations in Sao Paulo for almost all pollutants and high ozone for Rio de Janeiro. In northern Brazil, both emissions and ozone peaks were simulated in the region known as the "arch

  7. Belo Monte's dubious claim to fame; Wasserkraftwerk am Tropf. Mehr Tadel als Lob fuer Brasiliens Belo Monte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winter, Lorenz

    2010-11-29

    The mammoth dam construction on the Rio Xingu interferes brutally with the natural environment, but does not add up in financial terms. Without it's massive public subsidies, president Luiz Inacio da Silva's pet project to expand Brazil's energy supply would not stand a chance. (orig.)

  8. Updating the Seismic Hazard Determination in southeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franca, G. S.; Algarte, K. T.

    2012-12-01

    This job presents an update of research by Berrocal in 1996 in the determination of seismic hazard for the Southeast of Brazil, based on the earthquake catalog compiled at the Instituto de Astronomia e Geofisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo and bulletin of Seismological Observatory, Universidade de Brasilia, during the period between 1767 until May 2012. The southeastern Brazil has a level of seismic activity is considered low, typical of intraplate regions. Our database has a total of 3726 events, however 1242 events do not have the magnitude estimated, 1638 events are between magnitudes 0.1 to 1.9 and from 2.0 to 3.9 are 819 events. The largest earthquake in the region occurred on February 28, 1955 with magnitude 6.1 mb (Assumpção, 2000), with its epicenter about 400 km from the coast, this was felt in small cities, especially in Espirito Santo State. The intensity VIII-IX MM was estimated by Berrocal et al. (1984). The database also has four events with magnitude above 5.0 mb in the region that occurred during the past 215 years and a little more than a twenty earthquakes with magnitude between 4.0 and 5.0 mb. Instrumental data are available since the 1970s when the station network was installed in Brasilia. Several other short-period vertical stations have been installed in the region. We used data from the same area defined in the previous survey, located between parallels 15S-32S degree and longitudes 35W-52W degree. It contains the most developed area of Brazil, and the major cities and industrial centers of the country (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte). Major engineering works, hydroelectric and nuclear power plant (Angra dos Reis) are also in this area. Therefore, the results can be applied to the planning and construction of large engineering within that region. With GIS and seismology tools was calculated relative frequency/magnitude for earthquakes mb > 3.0, the value of b with the maximum likelihood method, and so curves of recurrence was

  9. Genetic profile characterization of 10 X-STRs in four populations of the southeastern region of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Joyce A; Costa, Jeane C; Paneto, Greiciane G; Figueiredo, Raquel F; Gusmão, Leonor; Sánchez-Diz, Paula; Carracedo, Angel; Cicarelli, Regina M B

    2010-09-01

    Ten X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (DXS8378, DXS9902, DXS7132, DXS9898, DXS6809, DXS6789, DXS7133, GATA172D05, GATA31E08 and DXS7423) were analyzed in four populations of the southeastern region of Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Vitória and Belo Horizonte). No deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed for any of the analyzed loci in the four populations. The average diversity per locus varied between 68% for DXS8378, DXS7133, and DXS7423 and 83%, for DXS6809, with Rio de Janeiro being the most diverse population. Overall power of discrimination values in females varied between 0.99999999990 and 0.99999999997 and between 0.9999991 and 0.9999995 in males. These high values show the potential of this system for forensic application and relationships' testing in the studied groups. Genetic comparisons (exact tests of population differentiation and pairwise genetic distances) revealed significant differences between Brazilian and other populations from Europe, Latin America and Africa, as well as among different Brazilian populations. PMID:20552215

  10. Botulismo tipo C em ganso ocorrido em Minas Gerais, Brasil Type C botulism in a goose at Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Botulismo é uma intoxicação causada pela ingestão das toxinas produzidas pelo Clostridium botulinum, que acomete mamíferos e aves, caracterizando-se por um quadro de paralisia flácida. Neste trabalho, é descrito um caso de botulismo em ganso, ocorrido no município de Santa Luzia, região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, no Estado de Minas Gerais. Ao exame clínico, o animal apresentava-se com um quadro de paralisia flácida dos músculos do pescoço, das pernas e asas, além de apresentar ainda desprendimento de penas. A necropsia não revelou lesões significativas. Foi colhido o soro do animal e submetido ao teste de soroneutralização em camundongo, que identificou a toxina de C. botulinum tipo C.Botulism is an intoxication caused by the ingestion of toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum, that affects mammals and birds, characterized by a flaceid paralysis. This report describes a case of botulism in a goose in Santa Luzia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Clinical examinations showed dropping feathers and flaccid paralysis involving the muscles of the wings, legs and neck. post-mortem examination showed no significant gross or macroscopic lesions C. botulinum type C toxin was demonstrated in the serum of the affected animal through serum neutralization test in mice.

  11. Aspects of the Maintenance of the Life Cycle of Fasciola hepatica in Lymnaea columella in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza Cecília Pereira de

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fascioliasis is a parasitic disease of domestic ruminants that occurs worldwide. The lymnaeid intermediate hosts of Fasciola hepatica include Lymnaea columella, which is widely distributed in Brazil. A colony of L. columella from Belo Horizonte, MG, was reared in our laboratory to be used in studies of the F. hepatica life cycle, the intermediate host-parasite relationship and development of an anti-helminthic vaccine. In the first experiment 1,180 snails were exposed to miracidia of F. hepatica eggs removed from the biliary tracts of cattle from the State of Rio Grande do Sul. In the second and third experiments the snails were exposed to miracidia that had emerged from F. hepatica eggs from Uruguay, maintained in rabbits. The rates of infection in the first, second and third experiments were 0, 42.1 and 0% respectively. Over 15,806 metacercariae were obtained and stored at 4ºC. Four rabbits weighing 1.5 kg each were infected with 32-44 metacercariae and two with 200. Three rabbits begin to eliminate eggs of the parasite in the feces from 84 days after infection onwards. The biological cycle of F. hepatica in L. columella and the rabbit was completed within 124 days.

  12. Perceptions of primary healthcare professionals towards their role in type 2 diabetes mellitus patient education in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bodstein Regina CA

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the current study was to analyze the perceptions, knowledge, and practices of primary healthcare professionals in providing patient education to people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods A total of 23 health professionals working in primary healthcare units in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, participated in a focus group in order to discuss their patient education practices and the challenges for effective patient education in diabetes self-management. Results The results were categorized as follows: 1 lack of preparation and technical knowledge among the health professionals on some aspects of diabetes mellitus and the health professionals' patient education practices; 2 work conditions and organization; 3 issues related or attributed to the clientele themselves; and 4 diabetes care model. Conclusions This study highlights the importance of reorienting the patient education practices, health professionals' skills and work goals, and evaluation of the educational interventions, in order to establish strategies for health promotion and prevention and control of the disease. Descriptors Health Education; Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus; Primary Healthcare

  13. Melanoides tuberculata (Mollusca: Thiaridae as an intermediate host of Centrocestus formosanus (Trematoda: Heterophyidae in Brazil Melanoides tuberculata (Mollusca: Thiaridae como hospedeiro intermediário de Centrocestus formosanus (Trematoda: Heterophyidae no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hudson Alves Pinto

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Pleurolophocercous cercariae emerged from naturally infected Melanoides tuberculata from Minas Gerais State, Brazil, were used to perform experimental infection of laboratory-reared Poecilia reticulata. Mature metacercariae were obtained from the gills of fishes and force-fed to Mus musculus. The adult parasites which recovered from small intestines of mice were identified as Centrocestus formosanus. This is the first report of M. tuberculata as intermediate host of this heterophyid in Brazil.Cercárias do tipo pleurolofocerca emergidas de Melanoides tuberculata naturalmente infectados coletados na represa da Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, foram utilizadas para a infecção experimental de Poecilia reticulata criados em laboratório. Metacercárias maduras foram obtidas nas brânquias dos peixes e administradas por via oral a Mus musculus. Parasitos adultos recuperados no intestino delgado dos camundongos foram identificados como Centrocestus formosanus. Este é o primeiro relato de M. tuberculata como hospedeiro intermediário deste parasito no Brasil.

  14. An analysis on the development tendency of flying movement and connection on the horizontal bar in Brazil Olympic cycle by new rules-guided--take horizontal bar final in the 44th World Gym Championship for instance%新规则导向下巴西奥运周期单杠飞行动作及其连接发展趋势--以第44届世界体操锦标赛单杠决赛为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张禄; 吴秀云; 刘金

    2014-01-01

    By using the methods of documents,statistics and video observation,this article analyzes the players ’ flying movement and its’connection’s type, difficulty,connection points and achieving quality in 44th World Gym Championship horizontal bar final, and discuss the change of the flying movement and connection on the horizontal bar in Brazil Olympic cycle by new rules-guided in order to provide some references and gist for our athletics gymnastics athletes to achieve excellent results in the new Olympic cycle.%采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法,以第44届世界体操锦标赛单杠决赛中运动员的飞行动作及其连接的类型、难度、连接加分、完成质量为主要研究内容,探讨在新规则导向下巴西奥运周期单杠飞行动作及其连接的变化,以期为我国竞技体操运动员在新一轮奥运周期比赛中取得优异成绩提供参考。

  15. Qualidade de vida e fontes de pressão no trabalho do consultor organizacional em Belo Horizonte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Flávio Renault de Moraes

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O achatamento das estruturas organizacionais, os chamados "downsizing", as reengenharias, a terceirização de atividades não vinculadas ao negócio principal da empresa, levaram ao desemprego milhares de pessoas no Brasil, bem como abriram novas oportunidades de negócios, entre eles o trabalho de consultorias. As consultorias e os consultores é que vão contribuir para que as empresas descubram novas alternativas de trabalho, explorem novas oportunidades, desenvolvam novos talentos ou mesmo vão facilitar a transição destas de um estado atual para outro estado desejado e mais propício às suas necessidades, interesses e objetivos. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de retratar a realidade da qualidade de vida no trabalho destes profissionais que atuam como consultores de empresas e conhecer as fontes de pressão no trabalho, presentes em seu dia-a-dia. Buscou levantar as condições que estão interferindo em seu trabalho e influenciando seu comportamento dentro e fora dele.

  16. Competências Profissionais: Um Estudo com Gestores do Varejo de Moda do “Barro Preto” - Belo Horizonte (MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolai, Érika Fortes Perdigão

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to describe and analyze how the managerial competences are configured and managed in the retail sector of Barro Preto’s fashion district in managers and other sales team members’ perception. In order to accomplish this, we took into account Paiva’s competence model (Paiva, 2007. The field research was characterized as a descriptive case study, with a qualitative approach. The data were collected through documentation survey and analysis and by interviews. The subjects were chosen using accessibility and convenience criteria. The data collected were organized, processed and analyzed by the technique of content analysis. Subsequently, the demographic and functional data of respondents were presented. For most of the inverviewees, the notion of competence is linked to action; they are aware that managers occupy a middle ground in the organizational hierarchy and that they work in an environment known by ambiguity, contradictions and demands. So, to be competent managers, interviewees attested the need for academic training, while considering the importance of experience. This study suggests the importance of informal learning in the managers’ competences training and development, especially through the figure of the "model manager"; in other words, the one that is considered the mirror to the other members of the sales team. Finally, limitations of this study and suggestions for further research were pointed out.

  17. GESTÃO DE RECURSOS HUMANOS NO TERCEIRO SETOR: UM ESTUDO DESCRITIVO DAS ORGANIZAÇÕES DE BELO HORIZONTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Bambirra de Assis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article due to a dissertation, describing the policies and practices of human resources in nonprofit organizations. From the importance this sector has taken on the national scene, some challenges are emerging for these institutions, including greater competition for funds, which assumes an increasingly efficientmanagement and effective. Having the background of the crisis of the Social Welfare, the charitable interest of private sector organizations and understand the management practices that lead to the necessity of an appropriate HR management means that the rationality inherent in organizations, allows seek a theoretical construct that reinforces this mutual bond between nonprofit organizations and human resource management. The study consisted of a descriptive-qualitative and documents that were used semi-structured interviews in 22 organizations that formed the sample. Conclusively, the analysis of human resource management, on one side showed a lack of relevance that this activity is, despite the strong appreciation of the individual's speech, another had a capacity of insertion and agile enough, not necessarily depend on the formalization of activities that sought to identify.

  18. Detección de infecciones urinarias en la Prefectura de Belo Horizonte mediante el Sistema DIRAMIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Travieso Ruiz

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el segundo reporte de los resultados de los antibiogramas obtenidos en la Red Cubana de Laboratorios con el Sistema DIRAMIC pertenecientes a la región oriental, el cual cubre un total de 2 516 ensayos. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando el sistema de programas "Mapas Microbianos", el cual permite confeccionar el esquema estadístico de circulación de los diferentesmicroorganismos y su resistencia y sensibilidad ante los antibióticos utilizados, así como determinar los patrones de susceptibilidad a los antibióticos. Se reporta además, la frecuencia global de aparición de los microorganismos aislados y la distribución de los aislamientos por tipos de muestras. Los microorganismos aislados con mayor frecuencia fueron: Escherichia coli, Proteus sp., Klebsiella sp., Shigella sp., Enterobacter sp., Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa, Staphylococcus aureus y Pseudomonas sp. Los tipos de muestras más analizados fueron: hemocultivo, urocultivo, exudado faríngeo, coprocultivo, exudado nasal y líquido céfalo raquídeo. Se comprobó que la utilidad de los antibióticos ensayados mantiene vigencia, aún para los más antiguos. En el caso del cloranfenicol, la amikacina, la gentamicina, la kanamicina y la ciprofloxazina se apreciaron bajos niveles de resistencia. Sin embargo, el grupo de antibióticos donde se encuentran penicilina, ampicilina, cefazolina, sulfametoxazol + trimetropim y ceftriaxona presentaron niveles de resistencia elevados, por encima del 50 %, por lo que deben ser vigilados a corto plazo. Este tipo de trabajo brinda una valiosa información para definir la política de uso de los antibióticos sobre la base del conocimiento de los niveles de su resistencia. Esto permite seleccionar el agente antimicrobiano a utilizar en terapias empíricas, así como recomendar que un determinado antibiótico sea sometido a períodos de reposocuando presenta bajos niveles de susceptibilidad.

  19. COMPORTAMENTO DO CONSUMIDOR: ACEITAÇÃO DO USO DE GÁS NATURAL NO SEGMENTO RESIDENCIAL DE BELO HORIZONTE

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    SANTOS, André Fernandes Coelho Rezende dos

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A major evolution in the behavior of consumption of energy sources (coal, firewood, electricity and fuel gas in Brazilian’s houses was observed in the twentieth century. These sources were generally used for lighting, heating water and the environment and food preparation. New developments are being observed today in the residential segment in the state of Minas Gerais due to insertion of natural gas in this sector. Searching for an understanding of consumer behavior across the acceptance of this new fuel, a qualitative exploratory research was conducted. As a starting point we adopted the technology acceptance model (TAM. Based on the interviews, it was possible to analyze the variables of acceptance of natural gas. It was found mainly the influence such as safety, cost reduction, reliability of supply, reduction of effort in cleaning the stove and cookware, convenience, past experiences and opinions of others. With this information it was possible to build a model for acceptance of natural gas for future research, in which are inserted the constructs: Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease, Perceived Cost and Past Experiences. O século XX representou uma grande evolução no comportamento de consumo de fontes de energia (carvão, lenha, energia elétrica e gases combustíveis nas residências brasileiras. Essas fontes eram geralmente utilizadas para iluminação, aquecimento de água e ambiente e preparo de alimentos. Nova evolução está sendo observada hoje no segmento residencial no estado de Minas Gerais em função da inserção do gás natural nesse setor. Com a intenção de entender o comportamento dos consumidores frente à aceitação desse novo combustível, foi realizada uma pesquisa exploratória qualitativa. Como ponto de partida adotou-se o modelo de aceitação da tecnologia (TAM. Foram entrevistados 11 consumidores de gás natural em uma capital brasileira. Baseado nas entrevistas realizadas, foi possível analisar as variáveis de aceitação do gás natural. Verificou-se, principalmente, a influência de variáveis tais como segurança, redução de custo, confiabilidade de fornecimento, redução de esforço na limpeza do fogão e panelas, comodidade, experiências passadas e opinião de terceiros. De posse dessas informações, foi possível elaborar um modelo de aceitação do gás natural para pesquisa futuras, no qual estão inseridos os constructos: Utilidade Percebida, Facilidade Percebida, Custo Percebido e Experiências Passadas.

  20. Importance of rotary systems in dental care by undergraduate students in patients of a public health service of Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Bruno, Fernanda Alcaraz Orta; Nunes, Eduardo; Martinho Campolina Rebello HORTA; Fonseca, Ana-Maria-Abras da; Silveira, Frank-Ferreira

    2016-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture rates of ProTaper rotary files used in the endodontics extension clinic of the Undergraduate Dentistry Course of the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais during the prior eight years. Material and Methods Control record data regarding file usage by students were collected and analyzed by semester. For each period, the total number of patient consultations, the frequency of file use, the occurrence of fractures and the fil...

  1. The meanings of Belo Monte in the discourse of social media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jouberte Maria Leandro Santos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the discursive construction of BeloMonte Plant from the perspective of users and followers of social media on theinternet. We seek to understand what image is being constructed by the societyabout motion and arguments through which individuals seek to legitimize theiropinions. The approach of this work is developed from the perspective of DiscourseTheory proposed by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe and the receptionstudies in the media of Stuart Hall.

  2. EYES THAT SAW: VISUALITY AND LANSCAPE IN RUY BELO POETRY AND ÁLVARO DE CAMPOS

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Grimm da Silva

    2009-01-01

    This study aims at the comparative analysis between the poems of Ruy Belo and Álvaro de Campos, one of Fernando Pessoa heteronymous. Such research, based on the relationship between lyric and visuality in the modern-contemporaneous Portuguese literature, aims at observing in which way the landscape is a construction from the subject's look, in which geographical, historical, literary and cultural references are registered.  Our corpus approach includes the recognition of the influence of phot...

  3. Metafísica do belo segundo Schopenhauer = Metaphysics of beauty according to Schopenhauer

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    Vanessa Furtado Fontana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como tema a metafísica do belo do filósofo Arthur Schopenhauer. O artigo propõe uma análise da tese desse filósofo acerca do belo e do sublime e as suas manifestações no mundo real. Para tanto, falaremos da idéia de sujeito, de gênio e da hierarquia das artes, na qual se inclui a música. Como podemos entender, a arte e a beleza da natureza são pontos discutidos no texto de Schopenhauer. A idéia do belo enquanto metafísica, que se traduz em um modo de entender a realidade, marca a importância dessa discussão para a História da filosofia.The present paper is about Arthur Schopenhauer's metaphysics of the beauty. The discussion is an analysis of the philosopher's thesis on the beautiful, the sublime and its manifestations. The ideas of the subject, of genius and hierarchy of art, which includes music, are dealt with. Schopenhauer´s text tries to understand nature's beauty and art. The idea of beauty as metaphysics is a means to understand reality, an extremally important fact in the history of Philosophy.

  4. The Youth Daily Life Before Fulfilling Socio-educational Measures of Deprivation of Liberty in Brazil: Ordinary Experiences That Are Tangent to the Inclusion in Drug Trafficking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Luciana Assis; Rocha, Daniete Fernandes; Vieira, Gabriela; Reis, Adriene

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this paper is to demonstrate some understanding of the daily lives of young people facing socio-educational measures of incarceration, especially regarding the predisposing factors that may explain their involvement in criminal occupations and activities (Although the socio-educational measures applicable to adolescents configures as a response to committing of an offence, it has a mostly educational and not punitive character.). This is an exploratory study with a qualitative approach. The data collection instrument used was semi-structured interviews with 22 young men aged between 12 and 17 years, on condition of deprivation of freedom in four youth centres in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The results showed that these adolescents had a way of life associated with a scarcity of resources owned by households (including little control over them, despite the efforts of their mothers); low adherence to school; limited institutional access to activities in their free time; exposure to predisposing factors to crime, such as early contact with crime through neighbourhood and family relationships; and profiting from crime. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27279041

  5. Study of the distribution characteristics of rare earth elements in Solanum lycocarpum from different tropical environments in Brazil by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, the concentration of eight rare earth elements (REE), La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb and Lu, was determined by neutron activation analysis (INAA), in plant leaves of Solanum lycocarpum. This species is a typical Brazilian 'cerrado' plant, widely distributed in Brazil. The analysis of the plant reference materials CRM Pine Needles (NIST 1575) and Spruce Needles (BCR 101) proved that the methodology applied was sufficiently accurate and precise for the determination of REE in plants. In order to better evaluate the uptake of the REE from the soil to the plant, the host soil was also analyzed by ESiAA. The studied areas were Salitre, MG, Serra do Cipo, MG, Lagoa da Pampulha and Mangabeiras, in Belo Horizonte, MG, and Cerrado de Emas, in Pirassununga, SP. The results were analyzed through the calculation of transfer factors soil-plant and by using diagrams normalized to chondrites. The data obtained showed different transfer factors from soil to plant as the subtract changes. Similar distribution patterns for the soil and the plant were obtained in all the studied sites, presenting an enrichment of the light REE (La to Sm), in contrast to the heavy REE (Eu to Lu), less absorbed. These results indicate that the light REE remain available to the plant in the more superficial soil layers. The similarity between the distribution patterns indicates a typical REE absorption by this species, in spite of the significant differences in the substratum . (author)

  6. Use of the MCNPX to calculate the neutron spectra around the GE-PETtrace 8 cyclotron of the CDTN/CNEN, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Monte Carlo code MCNPX was used to calculate the neutron spectra in 4 points around the targets of the CDTN/CNEN cyclotron, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during the production of the 18FDG. Simulated data were compared with experimental data obtained with a Bonner multisphere spectrometry system (BSS) using TLD-600 and TLD-700 and the unfolding codes BUNKIUT, BUMS and NSDUAZ. In general, simulated spectra disagreed with those obtained by experimental means by a factor as high as 14. Measurements performed with a doserate meter in other 3 more shielded points, showed also an overestimation of the ambient dose equivalent rate by a factor as high as 20 in comparison with simulated results. Results are not conclusive and a more refined study is necessary. However, neutron emission rate of the source-term of radiation must be investigated and an special caution must be taken in the experimental measurements, by discriminating of the target selected for the irradiations and utilizing a matrix response suitable for the passive detectors (e.g. TLD) utilized in the experiments, instead of a matrix response (e.g. UTA4) developed for scintillation detectors

  7. Horizontal Equity, Once More

    OpenAIRE

    Richard A. Musgrave

    1990-01-01

    Reconsiders the proposition that vertical equity is the primary norm for tax design, with horizontal equity a mere derivative therefrom. In the case of limited policy options, vertical and horizontal equity goals may conflict so that a trade-off will be needed. Independent values must then be assigned to each, confirming the standing of a horizontal as well as vertical equity as a primary norm.

  8. EYES THAT SAW: VISUALITY AND LANSCAPE IN RUY BELO POETRY AND ÁLVARO DE CAMPOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Grimm da Silva

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at the comparative analysis between the poems of Ruy Belo and Álvaro de Campos, one of Fernando Pessoa heteronymous. Such research, based on the relationship between lyric and visuality in the modern-contemporaneous Portuguese literature, aims at observing in which way the landscape is a construction from the subject's look, in which geographical, historical, literary and cultural references are registered.  Our corpus approach includes the recognition of the influence of photography on the poetic text and the importance of the maritime scenario for both Portuguese poets.

  9. Rural tourism as risk factor for the transmission of schistosomiasis in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin J Enk

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the booming rural tourism in endemic areas of the state of Minas Gerais was identified as a contributing factor in the dissemination of the infection with Schistosoma mansoni. This article presents data from six holiday resorts in a rural district approximately 100 km distant from Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, where a possibly new and until now unperceived way of transmission was observed. The infection takes place in swimming pools and little ponds, which are offered to tourists and the local population for fishing and leisure activities. The health authorities of the district reported cases of schistosomiasis among the local population after visiting these sites. As individuals of the non-immune middle class parts of the society of big urban centers also frequent these resorts, infection of these persons cannot be excluded. A malacological survey revealed the presence of molluscs of the species Biomphalaria glabrata and Biomphalaria straminea at the resorts. The snails (B. glabrata of one resort tested positive for S. mansoni. In order to resolve this complex problem a multidisciplinary approach including health education, sanitation measures, assistance to the local health services, and evolvement of the local political authorities, the local community, the tourism association, and the owners of the leisure resorts is necessary. This evidence emphasizes the urgent need for a participative strategic plan to develop the local tourism in an organized and well-administered way. Only so this important source of income for the region can be ensured on the long term without disseminating the disease and putting the health of the visitors at risk.

  10. A Pedagogical approach of schistosomiasis an experience in health education in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Lara Massara

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The experience described here is part of an extensive program that aims to stimulate schools to develop health integrated projects from theme generators, i.e., themes that have a meaning for the community. It was developed in Jaboticatubas, a town in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and the focus was schistosomiasis. The selection was based on the expressive and historical prevalence of this disease in the county, which has been known as the "capital of schistosomiasis", in a national press release since the 1960's. Schistosomiasis is also a theme pointed out by teachers as requiring more information and methodologies to work with their students, most of them living in areas of high risk of transmission. In addition, during the last years, this disease has been transmitted silently through an increasing rural tourism in that region, requiring integrated and effective control actions. The developed strategy included four schools, whose teachers, students, and families took part in the process. It emphasizes in a critical pedagogy approach, which focuses on health issues as themes that may mobilize the school community and awake the population to a work which integrates environment, health, and citizenship. The results demonstrate that teachers and students not only acquired new knowledge and methodological skills, but also gained confidence in their ability to improve their health conditions. Thus, the project promotes a critical education that can result a more permanent effect on the control of schistosomiasis as well as other benefits for the schools and for the population.

  11. A Pedagogical approach of schistosomiasis -- an experience in health education in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massara, Cristiano Lara; Schall, Virgínia Torres

    2004-01-01

    The experience described here is part of an extensive program that aims to stimulate schools to develop health integrated projects from theme generators, i.e., themes that have a meaning for the community. It was developed in Jaboticatubas, a town in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and the focus was schistosomiasis. The selection was based on the expressive and historical prevalence of this disease in the county, which has been known as the "capital of schistosomiasis", in a national press release since the 1960's. Schistosomiasis is also a theme pointed out by teachers as requiring more information and methodologies to work with their students, most of them living in areas of high risk of transmission. In addition, during the last years, this disease has been transmitted silently through an increasing rural tourism in that region, requiring integrated and effective control actions. The developed strategy included four schools, whose teachers, students, and families took part in the process. It emphasizes in a critical pedagogy approach, which focuses on health issues as themes that may mobilize the school community and awake the population to a work which integrates environment, health, and citizenship. The results demonstrate that teachers and students not only acquired new knowledge and methodological skills, but also gained confidence in their ability to improve their health conditions. Thus, the project promotes a critical education that can result a more permanent effect on the control of schistosomiasis as well as other benefits for the schools and for the population. PMID:15486647

  12. Rural tourism as risk factor for the transmission of schistosomiasis in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enk, Martin J; Caldeira, Roberta L; Carvalho, Omar S; Schall, Virginia T

    2004-01-01

    Recently, the booming rural tourism in endemic areas of the state of Minas Gerais was identified as a contributing factor in the dissemination of the infection with Schistosoma mansoni. This article presents data from six holiday resorts in a rural district approximately 100 km distant from Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, where a possibly new and until now unperceived way of transmission was observed. The infection takes place in swimming pools and little ponds, which are offered to tourists and the local population for fishing and leisure activities. The health authorities of the district reported cases of schistosomiasis among the local population after visiting these sites. As individuals of the non-immune middle class parts of the society of big urban centers also frequent these resorts, infection of these persons cannot be excluded. A malacological survey revealed the presence of molluscs of the species Biomphalaria glabrata and Biomphalaria straminea at the resorts. The snails (B. glabrata) of one resort tested positive for S. mansoni. In order to resolve this complex problem a multidisciplinary approach including health education, sanitation measures, assistance to the local health services, and evolvement of the local political authorities, the local community, the tourism association, and the owners of the leisure resorts is necessary. This evidence emphasizes the urgent need for a participative strategic plan to develop the local tourism in an organized and well-administered way. Only so this important source of income for the region can be ensured on the long term without disseminating the disease and putting the health of the visitors at risk. PMID:15486645

  13. Distribuição espacial e temporal de Kellicottia bostoniensis (Rousselet, 1908 (Rotifera em um grande reservatório tropical (reservatório de Furnas, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Spatial and temporal distribution of Kellicottia bostoniensis (Rousselet, 1908 (Rotifera in a big tropical reservoir (Furnas Reservoir, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Motta Pinto-Coelho

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available O rotífero Kellicottia bostoniensis é uma espécie planctônica comum na América do Norte, e em anos recentes, ela foi introduzida no Brasil. No sudeste do Brasil ela foi encontrada num pequeno reservatório eutrófico em Belo Horizonte e na bacia do rio Grande, no Reservatório de Furnas (20º 40’S - 46º 19’W. O objetivo do trabalho foi analisar a distribuição espacial e temporal desse rotífero ao longo de um gradiente trófico, em 12 pontos (3 no eixo central do reservatório e (9 em um dos seus principais tributários, o eixo do rio Sapucaí. As amostragens foram feitas em agosto e outubro/99 e março e julho/2000, através de arrastos verticais, com rede cilíndro-cônica de 68µm. Os organismos foram contados em câmara de Sedgwick-Rafter. Esse rotífero apareceu em toda a área amostrada, e os maiores valores de densidade foram observados em outubro e março, estação chuvosa, nos pontos meso e eutróficos. A ocorrência de K. bostoniensis nesse reservatório reflete sua alta adaptabilidade em ambientes tropicais.The rotifer Kellicottia bostoniensis is a common planktonic species in North America. This species has been introduced in Brazil recently. It is found in southeastern Brazil in a small eutrophic reservoir in Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais state capital and in the Rio Grande Basin, Furnas reservoir (20º 40’ S- 46º 19’W. The aims of this study is to analyze this rotifer spatial and temporal distribution along a trophic gradient in 12 locations (3 in the reservoir central axis and (9 in one of its main tributaries, the Sapucaí River axis. The samplings were taken in August and October, 1999, and in March and July, 2000, through vertical tow, with a 68 µm cylindrical-conical net. The organisms were counted in a Sedgwick-Rafter cell. This rotifer was in the whole sampled area, and the higher densities were observed in October and March, rainy season, in the meso and eutrophic areas. The K. bostoniensis occurrence in

  14. Workplace and occupational health: The first metal evaluation using nuclear and analytical techniques in the state of Minas Gerais - Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belo Horizonte and surrounding areas is an important industrial centre and the galvanising industry is responsible for the majority of patients who look for medical assistance because of metal contamination. Hair samples and other biological matrixes will be used as bioindicators as well as airborne particulate matter. This work is related to an IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project whose goal is to make a survey of the exposures to metals related to occupational diseases which has been conducted by CDTN and Departments of Health. The hair samples were donated by galvanising factory workers in Belo Horizonte. The Al, Co, Cu, Cr, Mn and V concentrations determined in the workers' samples suggest endogenous contamination. (author)

  15. Cardiovascular dysfunction in obesity and new diagnostic imaging techniques: the role of noninvasive image methods

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa J.; Rodrigues A.; Mota C; Barbosa M.; Simoes e Silva AC

    2011-01-01

    José Augusto A Barbosa¹, Alexandre B Rodrigues¹, Cleonice Carvalho C Mota¹, Márcia M Barbosa², Ana C Simões e Silva¹¹Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil; ²Ecocenter, Socor Hospital, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, BrazilAbstract: Obesity is a major public health problem affecting adults and children in both dev...

  16. A dor forasteira e o belo passageiro: perspectivas nietzschiana e freudiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel de Andrade Fortes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo desenvolve a ideia de que a experiência do Belo inclui necessariamente a dimensão da dor, a partir das obras de Freud e de Nietzsche. No primeiro autor, investigam-se a dor da antecipação do luto em face da transitoriedade da beleza, a importância do conceito de sublimação e a análise sobre a experiência perturbadora de Freud diante da estátua de Moisés, de Michelangelo. No segundo, apresentam-se as principais ideias do livro O Nascimento da tragédia para demonstrar como a arte possui o poder de transformar o vazio em vitalidade, pois o sublime desloca a náusea e o horror da existência em representações com as quais é possível viver. Por isso, defende--se que o trágico supõe uma estética próxima do feio e do dissonante, fazendo do Belo uma experiência que inclui as dimensões da dor e do horror.

  17. Long-term avifaunal survey in an urban ecosystem from southeastern Brazil, with comments on range extensions, new and disappearing species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban avifaunal surveys in Brazil have been increasing in recent years, despite none of them consisting of long-term studies indicating events of regional colonization and/or missing species. Here, we present an avifaunal survey of an urbanized ecosystem in southeastern Brazil, carried out along 30 years, on the campus of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, municipality of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais state. Inside the campus there is a forest reserve adjacent to a small lake. The inventory was mainly based on opportunistic records from the years 1982-2013. We recorded 134 bird species along the past 30 years. However, the present avifauna is composed of 123 species. A total of 97 species was recorded in the reserve, including the forest fragment and the adjacent lake, of which 44 were exclusive to this area. Nevertheless, the majority of the current species found in the study area is forest independent (N = 51 or semi-dependent (N = 46. There is a predominance of insectivorous (N = 43 and omnivorous (N = 29 species. The current avifauna is represented by 15 migratory species, which can be found both in the urbanized area and in the forest remnant. However, the majority of the species (N = 75 is resident in the area, including three invasive species, whereas few others (N = 28 are occasional visitors. The remaining species were probably introduced in the area. There were 11 cases of disappearing species, which include typical forest birds, and also species typical of wetlands and rural environments. We also comment on recent colonization and on the possible effects of isolation on birds. Probably, the majority of forest-dependents are on the brink of extinction in the forest fragment. Thus, the species' list provided here can be useful as a database for monitoring long-term effects of urbanization on this bird community.

  18. The neutron and gamma-ray dose characterization using the Monte Carlo method to study the feasibility of the Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis technique at IPR-R1 TRIGA reactor in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, Bruno T.; Soares, Alexandre L.; Grynberg, Suely E.; Menezes, Maria Angela B.C., E-mail: brunoteixeiraguerra@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: menezes@cdtn.br, E-mail: asleal@cdtn.br, E-mail: seg@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The IPR-R1 is a reactor type TRIGA, Mark-I model, manufactured by the General Atomic Company and installed at Nuclear Technology Development Centre (CDTN) of Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. It is a light water moderated and cooled, graphite-reflected, open-pool type research reactor. IPR-R1 works at 100 kW but it will be briefly licensed to operate at 250 kW. It presents low power, low pressure, for application in research, training and radioisotopes production. The fuel is an alloy of zirconium hydride and uranium enriched at 20% in {sup 235}U. The Implementation of the PGNAA (Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis) Technical at the TRIGA IPR-R1 research reactor of the CDTN will significantly increase in the types of matrices analyzable. A project is underway in order to implement this technique in CDTN. In order of verified the feasibility of the PGNAA at the TRIGA reactor, the MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle) method is used to theoretical calculations. This paper presents the results of a preliminary study of the neutron and gamma-ray dose in the room where the reactor is located, in case of implementation of this technique in the IPR-R1. (author)

  19. A flórula invasora da cultura do café (Coffea arabica L. no Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Weeds in coffee (Coffea arabica L. plantations in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Losada Gavilanes

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas áreas de cultura de café (Coffea arábica L., no Estado de Minas Gerais, foram coletadas e identificadas 388 espécies de plantas invasoras (= plantas daninhas, pertencentes a 51 famílias botânicas, representando 182 gêneros, sendo que as famílias Compositae, Gramineae, Leguminosae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Convolvulaceae e Verbenaceae, são as mais importantes em relação à cultura. As plantas coletadas, devidamente etiquetadas e identificadas, foram anexadas, parte delas no PAMG (Herbário da EPAMIG, Belo Horizonte, MG e, a outra parte, no Herbarium ESAL (Herbário do Departamento de Biologia da Escola Superior de Agricultura de Lavras - ESAL, Lavras - MG.A survey in the cultivation area of coffee in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, has resulted in the determination of 388 weed species, of 182 genera belonging to 51 families; the families presenting a greater number of espécies are: Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Amaranthaceae and Verbenaceae with 65, 48, 42, 30, 19, 17, 16, 14, 12, 10 species, respectively.

  20. The neutron and gamma-ray dose characterization using the Monte Carlo method to study the feasibility of the Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis technique at IPR-R1 TRIGA reactor in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IPR-R1 is a reactor type TRIGA, Mark-I model, manufactured by the General Atomic Company and installed at Nuclear Technology Development Centre (CDTN) of Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. It is a light water moderated and cooled, graphite-reflected, open-pool type research reactor. IPR-R1 works at 100 kW but it will be briefly licensed to operate at 250 kW. It presents low power, low pressure, for application in research, training and radioisotopes production. The fuel is an alloy of zirconium hydride and uranium enriched at 20% in 235U. The Implementation of the PGNAA (Prompt Gamma Neutron Activation Analysis) Technical at the TRIGA IPR-R1 research reactor of the CDTN will significantly increase in the types of matrices analyzable. A project is underway in order to implement this technique in CDTN. In order of verified the feasibility of the PGNAA at the TRIGA reactor, the MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle) method is used to theoretical calculations. This paper presents the results of a preliminary study of the neutron and gamma-ray dose in the room where the reactor is located, in case of implementation of this technique in the IPR-R1. (author)

  1. Geografia social da AIDS no Brasil The social geography of AIDS in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Inácio Bastos

    1995-02-01

    augmentation of heterosexual transmission and IDUs as transmission groups, are described and analised. The geographical distribution of the AIDS cases registered between 1987-1993 in Brazil throughout the Brazilian States is evaluated by means of worksheets, maps, and non-parametric statistics. Results show that Gravimetric Centers (obtained by the use of the calculus spatial means of AIDS in Brazil are situated within a triangle the sides of which are formed lines joining the three main metropolitan areas of the wealthiest region of Brazil - the southeast, i.e. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. These especially S. Paulo, function as points of attraction for these Gravimetric Centers (GCs towards the south as compared with the GCs of the general population calculated ia accordance with data from the 1980 and 1991 censuses. It is possible to observe a displacement of the GCs toward the northwest over this period in accordance with the migration patterns of the Brazilian population in general, though with a dynamic of its own. These changes in the geographical, socio-demographic and transmission group patterns show the complex nature of the epidemic in Brazil and pose additional difficulties for the development of prevention strategies.

  2. Estudio del horizonte local

    OpenAIRE

    Ros Ferré, Rosa Maria

    2009-01-01

    El estudio del horizonte es fundamental para poder facilitar las primeras observaciones de los alumnos en un centro educativo. Un simple modelo, que debe realizarse para cada centro, nos permite facilitar el estudio y la comprensión de los primeros rudimentos astronómicos. El modelo construido se presenta a su vez como un sencillo modelo de reloj ecuatorial y a partir de él se pueden construir otros modelos (horizontal y vertical).

  3. Horizontal Integration of Knowledge

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klimešová, Dana; Vostrovský, V.

    Palma de Mallorca: IASTED, 2008, s. 191-196. ISBN 978-0-88986-755-0. [ Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing (ASC 2008). Palma de Mallorca (ES), 01.09.2008-03.09.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Intelligent systems * horizontal knowledge integration * multi-criteria evaluation * decision support Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2008/ZOI/klimesova-horizontal integration of knowledge.pdf

  4. Yeasts and hygienic-sanitary microbial indicators in water buffalo mozzarella produced and commercialized in Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Facchin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the yeast populations and the main hygienic-sanitary microbial indicators in water buffalo mozzarella produced and commercialized in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Forty-two water buffalo mozzarella samples were purchased from retail outlets in Belo Horizonte. In addition, five samples of consecutive starter cultures, curd before acidification, acidified curd and mozzarella were collected at an industry in the city of Oliveira. Only three of the five water samples analyzed were suitable for consumption according to Brazilian sanitary standards. Four milk samples were highly contaminated with fecal coliforms, and did not meet the minimal hygienic-sanitary standards according to Brazilian regulations. Only one sample of buffalo muzzarela purchased from retail outlets exceeded the limit for coagulase-positive Staphylococcus. Eleven samples showed counts of thermotolerant coliforms higher than5x 10³ CFU.g-1, but still lower than the maximum permitted by the Brazilian laws. Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes were not isolated. Debaryomyces hansenii, Candida lusitaniae and C. parapsilosis were the prevalent yeast species isolated from cheese. Among samples from the production stages, the acidified curd presented the highest numbers of yeasts, with C. catenulata being the most frequent species isolated. Some opportunistic yeast species such as C. guilliermondii, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, C. lusitaniae, C. catenulata, C. rugosa and C. krusei occurred in the mozzarella cheese samples analyzed. The mozzarella cheese presented a low microbial load as compared to other cheese already studied, and the yeast biota included species typical of cheese and also opportunistic pathogens.

  5. Trends in drug use among students in Brazil: analysis of four surveys in 1987, 1989, 1993 and 1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galduróz J.C.F.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The consumption of psychotropic drugs among Brazilian secondary school students was examined by comparing data from four surveys using a questionnaire adapted from the WHO's Program on Research and Reporting on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Students filled out the form in their classrooms without the presence of teachers. The target population consisted of 10-18-year-old students (on average, 15,000 students responded to each survey in Brazil's ten largest state capitals: Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo. Among the legal drugs, lifetime use (use at least once during life of tobacco was increased in seven cities (the exceptions were Brasília, Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro. There was also a significant increase in frequent use of alcohol (six times or more per month in 6 of the cities, from an average of 9.2% in 1987 to 15.0% in 1997. With respect to illegal drugs, there was a significant increase in lifetime use of marijuana (a 3-fold increase from 2.8% in 1987 to 7.6% in 1997. Cocaine use increased 4-fold over the survey period (0.5% in 1987 to 2.0% in 1997. Lifetime use of cocaine significantly increased in eight capitals (except Recife and Rio de Janeiro. However, frequent cocaine use increased in only three capitals (Belém, Fortaleza and Porto Alegre, from an average of 1.0% in 1987 to 3.6% in 1997. Lifetime use of medications such as anxiolytics and amphetamines increased 2-fold on average over the survey period. Comparing the four studies, the main conclusion is that there were significant increases in the frequencies for lifetime use, frequent use and heavy use of many drugs.

  6. [Accidents and acts of violence in Brazil: I--Analysis of mortality data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorge, M H; Gawryszewski, V P; Latorre, M do R

    1997-08-01

    External causes are an important cause of death in almost all countries. They are always the second or third in the mortality ranking, but their distribution according to type varies from country to country. Mortality due to external causes by type, gender and age, for Brazil as a whole and for state capitals specifically, is analysed. Mortality rates and the proportional mortality from 1977 to 1994 were calculated. The results showed that the number of deaths due to external causes has almost doubled from 1977 to 1994 and nowadays this is the second cause of death in Brazil. The mortality rate, in 1991, was 69.8 per 100,000 inhabitants and the highest increase was in the male rates. The male rates are almost 4.5 times greater than the female ones. The first cause of death among people from 5 to 39 years old is external causes, and the majority occur between 15 and 19 years of age (65% of the deaths by external causes). Besides the growth in itself it also seems that a shift of deaths to hower ages is occurring. Both mortality by traffic accidents and that by homicide have increased over the period from 1977 to 1994. Suicides have been stable and "other external causes" have increased slowly, especially due to falls and drowning. The mortality rates for external causes in state capitals are higher than the average for Brazil as a whole, except for some northeastern capitals. The rates for the capitals in the northern region are the highest in Brazil. In the northeastern region, only Recife, Maceió and Salvador have high rates. In the southeast, Vitória, Rio de Janeiro and S. Paulo have the highest rates in the country but Belo Horizonte's rates are declining. In the southern region all the capitals showed a growth in the rates as also in the capitals of the West-central region. The growth of mortality due to external causes type of external cause is different in these capitals. Suicide is not a public health problem in Brazil nor the state capitals. Traffic

  7. Horizontal carbon nanotube alignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Matthew T; Cientanni, Vito; Milne, William I

    2016-09-21

    The production of horizontally aligned carbon nanotubes offers a rapid means of realizing a myriad of self-assembled near-atom-scale technologies - from novel photonic crystals to nanoscale transistors. The ability to reproducibly align anisotropic nanostructures has huge technological value. Here we review the present state-of-the-art in horizontal carbon nanotube alignment. For both in and ex situ approaches, we quantitatively assess the reported linear packing densities alongside the degree of alignment possible for each of these core methodologies. PMID:27546174

  8. Factors associated with the use of hypoglycemic and antihypertensive drugs among the elderly, living in a south-eastern capital city of Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Gontijo, Mônica F.; Andréia Q. Ribeiro; Carlos H. Klein; Rozenfeld, Suely; Francisco A. Acurcio

    2012-01-01

    Age-related transformations make the elderly more susceptible to medicine adverse events, and knowledge of factors associated with drug use are essential to develop national strategies of prescription. To estimate the prevalence of use of antihypertensive and hypoglycemic agents and investigate the factors associated with their consumption. Household survey among 667 elderly living in Belo Horizonte/MG, interviewed regarding socio-demographic indicator of health conditions and medication use....

  9. Study of the distribution characteristics of rare earth elements in Solanum lycocarpum from different tropical environments in Brazil by neutron activation analysis; Estudo das caracteristicas de distribuicao de elementos terras raras em Solanum lycocarpum em diferentes ambientes tropicais do Brasil por ativacao neutronica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maria, Sheila Piorino

    2001-07-01

    In this work, the concentration of eight rare earth elements (REE), La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb and Lu, was determined by neutron activation analysis (INAA), in plant leaves of Solanum lycocarpum. This species is a typical Brazilian 'cerrado' plant, widely distributed in Brazil. The analysis of the plant reference materials CRM Pine Needles (NIST 1575) and Spruce Needles (BCR 101) proved that the methodology applied was sufficiently accurate and precise for the determination of REE in plants. In order to better evaluate the uptake of the REE from the soil to the plant, the host soil was also analyzed by ESiAA. The studied areas were Salitre, MG, Serra do Cipo, MG, Lagoa da Pampulha and Mangabeiras, in Belo Horizonte, MG, and Cerrado de Emas, in Pirassununga, SP. The results were analyzed through the calculation of transfer factors soil-plant and by using diagrams normalized to chondrites. The data obtained showed different transfer factors from soil to plant as the subtract changes. Similar distribution patterns for the soil and the plant were obtained in all the studied sites, presenting an enrichment of the light REE (La to Sm), in contrast to the heavy REE (Eu to Lu), less absorbed. These results indicate that the light REE remain available to the plant in the more superficial soil layers. The similarity between the distribution patterns indicates a typical REE absorption by this species, in spite of the significant differences in the substratum . (author)

  10. Atributos químicos, mineralógicos e micromorfológicos de horizontes coesos de latossolos e argissolos dos tabuleiros costeiros do estado de Alagoas Mineralogy and micromorphology of cohesive horizons in oxisols and ultisols of the coastal tablelands of Alagoas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José de Almeida Lima Neto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O caráter coeso é um atributo característico de horizontes subsuperficiais que, quando secos, apresentam consistência muito dura e extremamente dura, passando a friável ou firme quando úmidos. A formação desses horizontes, entretanto, ainda é um assunto polêmico, não estando completamente esclarecida. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar uma caracterização química, mineralógica e micromorfológica de solos coesos, visando entender a sua gênese e definir características que possam complementar a definição do caráter coeso no Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos. Quatro perfis de solos foram coletados na região dos tabuleiros costeiros de Alagoas, envolvendo um Argissolo Amarelo, um Argissolo Acinzentado e dois Latossolos Amarelos. Os solos foram descritos morfologicamente, e as amostras dos horizontes coesos e não coesos foram coletadas para execução de análises químicas de Fe, Al e Si por extração com DCB, oxalato, CaCl2 e água quente, análises mineralógicas por DRX e caracterização micromorfológica. Os solos apresentaram baixos teores de Fe, com domínio das formas de baixa cristalinidade e predominância de caulinitas com moderado a alto grau de desordem estrutural em todos os horizontes. Não foi observada, nos horizontes coesos, tendência de aumento dos teores de Al e Si extraídos com DCB e oxalato, indicando que a sua gênese não se deve à presença de agentes cimentantes. Os resultados das análises mineralógicas e micromorfológicas sugerem que a gênese do caráter coeso apresenta duas fases distintas, sendo formado inicialmente pelo entupimento dos poros decorrente da iluviação de argila fina, havendo posteriormente uma perda de Fe na parte superior, que colapsa a estrutura e provoca um ajuste face a face da caulinita.The cohesive character is a property of subsurface soil horizons with hard to extremely hard consistency when dry, and friable or firm when wet. Despite the agricultural

  11. Da metafísica do belo à arte como mercadoria: Schopenhauer e a indústria cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Leo Afonso Staudt

    2012-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2012v11nesp1p199 Apresentamos neste texto breves notas dos nossos estudos da Metafísica do Belo de Schopenhauer e da Dialética do Esclarecimento de Adorno e Horkheimer. Apontamos, sobretudo, a presença de alguns conceitos de Schopenhauer na crítica da Indústria Cultural.

  12. Da metafísica do belo à arte como mercadoria: Schopenhauer e a indústria cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo Afonso Staudt

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2012v11nesp1p199 Apresentamos neste texto breves notas dos nossos estudos da Metafísica do Belo de Schopenhauer e da Dialética do Esclarecimento de Adorno e Horkheimer. Apontamos, sobretudo, a presença de alguns conceitos de Schopenhauer na crítica da Indústria Cultural.

  13. Christianne L. Gomes y Rodrigo Elizalde, Horizontes latino-americanos do lazer / Horizontes latinoamericanos del ocio, Editorial Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brasil, 2012, 343 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes Moreira, Marcina Amália

    2013-01-01

    La co-autora del libro es Post-doctora en Ciencias Sociales por la Universidad Nacional de Cuyo/Argentina, Doctora en Educación, Magister en Ciencias del Deporte y Especialista en Lazer (Ocio) por la Universidad Federal de Minas Gerais de Brasil (UFMG). El co-autor es Post-doctorando en Geografía Humana en la UFMG, Doctor y Magister en Educación con mención en Aprendizaje Transformacional por la Universidad Bolivariana de Chile (UB), Especialista en Educación Ambiental, Globalización y Desarr...

  14. Conceptualising horizontal politics

    OpenAIRE

    Harding, Eloise Mary

    2012-01-01

    This project investigates the likelihood of a distinctive ideology emerging from what are known as ‘horizontal’ political movements – those which, in brief, aim to operate non-hierarchically guided by principles such as affinity – and furthermore to identify the potential components of such an ideology. The methodology is broadly based on that developed by Freeden, namely an analysis of the conceptual morphology of the ideas put out by horizontal movements. The sources used derive largely fro...

  15. Spondylus and Glycymeris bracelets: trade reflections at Neolithic Vinča-Belo Brdo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Dimitrijević

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In the provision, production and exchange of prestigious items and materials in prehistoric Europe, marine shell ornaments play important role. The marine shell collection at the Vinča-Belo Brdo site is the largest in the central and northern Balkans. More than 300 ornament items manufactured from marine shells have been collected since the first excavations in 1908 up until the most recent campaign. The majority of ornaments were made using recent shells that were obtained through trade with contemporaneous Neolithic communities; few ornaments were made of fossil bivalve shells. Bracelets were the most common type. Two bivalve genera, Spondylus and Glycymeris, were used in their production. These are easily recognizable when complete valves are compared, but difficult to distinguish in highly modified items where shell morphology is obscured. The defining characteristics for shell identification are presented, particularly to differentiate ornaments manufactured from the Spondylus and Glycymeris genera, as well as those made of recent and fossil shells. The possible exchange routes for these are discussed, as well as their diachronic distribution at the Vinča site.

  16. Associação entre fatores sócio-econômicos e mortalidade infantil por diarréia, pneumonia e desnutrição em região metropolitana do Sudeste do Brasil: um estudo caso-controle Association between socioeconomic factors and infant deaths due to diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition in a metropolitan area of Southeast Brazil: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth França

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Para investigar fatores determinantes da mortalidade infantil pós-neonatal por diarréia, pneumonia e desnutrição, abordadas como um mesmo grupamento de causas, realizou-se um estudo caso-controle de base populacional na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. No período de maio de 1991 a abril de 1992, foram estudados 396 óbitos após investigação hospitalar da causa de óbito, os quais foram comparados a crianças residentes na mesma vizinhança, emparelhadas por idade. A pesquisa foi realizada em uma população de baixa renda, sendo que a maioria das famílias entrevistadas residiam em favelas. Neste artigo se discute a metodologia utilizada e resultados relevantes relativos aos fatores sócio-econômicos associados às mortes infantis. Verificou-se que a existência de eletrodomésticos no domicílio, o nível de escolaridade materna e paterna, a situação conjugal da mãe e o fato desta trabalhar fora permaneceram estatisticamente associados ao risco de óbito infantil, após ajuste pelas variáveis sócio-econômicas consideradas, utilizando-se modelo de regressão logística condicional. Estes resultados evidenciam a importância do nível sócio-econômico na determinação dos óbitos infantis por causas evitáveis.A population-based case-control study was carried out to identify determinant factors for post-neonatal infant deaths due to diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition in Greater Metropolitan Belo Horizonte, Southeast Brazil. From May 1, 1991, to April 30, 1992, 511 post-neonatal deaths due to diarrhea, pneumonia, and malnutrition were selected after investigation of medical records to validate cause of death. Of this total, 396 deaths were compared to a neighborhood control group, matched for age. The study was carried out in a low-income area with a high proportion of families living in shantytowns. The article discusses the methodology and selected socioeconomic factors. Logistic regression analysis indicated that

  17. Characteristics of fine and coarse particles of natural and urban aerosols of Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fine and coarse particles have been sampled from 1982 to 1985 in one natural forest seacoast site (Jureia) and five urban-industrial cities (Vitoria, Salvador, Porto Alegre, Sao Paulo, and Belo Horizonte). The time variations of concentrations in air and the relative elemental compositions of fine and coarse particle fractions, sampled by Nuclepore stacked filter units (SFU), have been determined gravimetrically and by PIXE analysis, respectively. Enrichment factors and correlation coefficients of the trace elements measured lead to unambiguous characterization of soil dust and sea salt, both major aerosol sources that emit coarse particles, and soil dust is also a significant source of fine particles. (Author)

  18. Well Spacing for Horizontal Wells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.D.S. Keuengoua

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the developing phase of a hydrocarbon reservoir and planning for drilling the production wells, it is necessary to drill the wells in an appropriate spacing to achieve maximum economic revenues during the reservoir life span. Well spacing which is the real location and interrelationship between producing oil or gas wells in an oil field is an important parameter. It is determined for the maximum ultimate production of a given reservoir and should be taken in consideration during well planning to avoid drilling of unnecessary wells. This study presents the concept of drainage area on horizontal well and horizontal productivity indices with different equations and their applications. A user friendly Excel Spreadsheet program was developed to calculate the productivity values of horizontal wells using three major available productivity equations. Also, the developed spreadsheet program was used to evaluate the effect of well spacing on the productivities of horizontal wells using productivity index approach and drainage area concept. It also helps to review the comparison between vertical and horizontal wells spacing based on drainage area concept. This program was validated, and then was used to study the effect of horizontal well length on the ratio of horizontal well productivity to vertical well productivity. The results show that higher ratio of horizontal well productivity to vertical well productivity values are obtained with increase length of the horizontal well. It is a very useful tool for making decision about the application of well spacing for horizontal wells.

  19. Horizontally shaken impact pendulums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, T. J.; Xu, Y.; Sidhu, H.

    2016-03-01

    We consider two pendulum masses attached to the same pivot point and which interact with each other through Hertzian impacts. We show that this splitting of the mass leads to an instability in the conservative case, in which initially synchronized large amplitude motion may evolve into out-of-phase (impacting) motion. We then study in detail the response of the impacting masses in the presence of damping and driving through horizontal shaking of the pivot point. We find that synchronized modes are usually accompanied by small amplitude quasi-periodic, or even chaotic, impacts and a number of multi-period solutions may appear in the bifurcation diagram. We reveal the existence and stability of a number of impact modes and scan the frequency response of the system to a series of initial conditions to identify which modes may be more easily generated in experiment.

  20. 'PARÁ BELO', um clone do tomateiro adaptado à Amazônia Oriental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengk Simon S.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, os tomates são produzidos nas regiões mais frias e secas, tais como Sudeste, Sul e Centro-Oeste, onde encontram condições adequadas para crescimento e produção. Na Amazônia Oriental, bem como em outras regiões do trópico úmido, as condições de clima permanentemente quente e úmido e, em muitos locais de solos infestados pela bactéria Ralstonia solanacearum, a produtividade do tomateiro é baixa, o que desestimula a produção local. Mais de 99% dos tomates consumidos são importados de outras regiões, chegando ao valor aproximando de R$12 milhões em 1997. Este trabalho faz parte de um programa de melhoramento genético de tomateiro na Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, em Belém (PA. O clone denominado 'Pará Belo' possui as características de alta tolerância à murchadeira causada por R. solanacearum; produtividade por planta superior a 7,0 kg, ou 19 kg/m² de canteiro; frutos com peso de 200 a 400 g, tipo caqui, dependendo da intensidade de desbaste; fruto tipo longa vida com durabilidade pós-colheita de 30 dias sob condições ambientais locais; bom sabor de polpa, com até 5,2(0 Brix nos frutos vermelhos; frutos resistentes à rachadura sob chuvas pesadas; alto vigor da planta com folhagem resistente às doenças comuns e alta capacidade de emitir hastes laterais; facilidade de enraizamento para formação de mudas na propagação vegetativa.

  1. Biosorption of technetium-99 and some actinides by bottoms borrowed from Beloe lake of Kosino of Moscow region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sorption of technetium, plutonium and curium by sterile and natural silts taken from the Beloe lake in Kosino, Moscow region, has been studied. It is shown that in 4.5 months technetium sorption by natural silts has reached 98%. The mechanism of technetium sorption involves sulfide formation, which transfers the original soluble pertechnetate-ion into insoluble technetium (7) and (4) sulfides. Sorption of the actinides by natural silts amounts to 98%, the one by sterile silts-46%. The solid/liquid phase ratio is 2.3·10-2 g/ml. 14 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  2. PRODUCTIVITY OF FRACTURED HORIZONTAL WELLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stjepan Antolović

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The interest and performance of horizontal drilling and completions has increased during the last two decades. Horizontal wells are advantageous compared to vertical wells in thin reservoirs, reservoirs with favorable vertical permeability and reservoirs with water and gas coning problems. In many reservoirs, the ratio of horizontal permeability to the vertical permeability is substantially larger than one and often is close to 10. Thus, these reservoirs are very good candidates for hydraulic fracturing. By hydraulic fracturing one or more fractures are created, which can be longitudinal or orthogonal. By that, flow is altered and it mostly conducts horizontally through reservoir toward horizontal wellbore. With this altered flow, fluid is produced faster, with less pressure loss by fluid unit of produced fluid. Some of the existing mathematical models to determine the productivity of multifractured horizontal wells are presented in this work (the paper is published in Croatian.

  3. DRILL BITS FOR HORIZONTAL WELLS

    OpenAIRE

    Paolo Macini

    1996-01-01

    This paper underlines the importance of the correct drill bit application in horizontal wells. Afler the analysis of the peculiarities of horizontal wells and drainholes drilling techniques, advantages and disadvantages of the application of both roller cone and fixed cutters drill bits have been discussed. Also, a review of the potential specific featuries useful for a correct drill bit selection in horizontal small diameter holes has been highlighted. Drill bits for these special applicatio...

  4. PRODUCTIVITY OF FRACTURED HORIZONTAL WELLS

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The interest and performance of horizontal drilling and completions has increased during the last two decades. Horizontal wells are advantageous compared to vertical wells in thin reservoirs, reservoirs with favorable vertical permeability and reservoirs with water and gas coning problems. In many reservoirs, the ratio of horizontal permeability to the vertical permeability is substantially larger than one and often is close to 10. Thus, these reservoirs are very good candidates for hydraulic...

  5. Horizontal drilling in shallow reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, W.F. Jr.; Schrider, L.A.; McCallister, J.V.; Mazza, R.L.

    1993-12-31

    Belden & Blake and the US DOE will cofund a horizontal well to be drilled in the Clinton Sandstone as part of the DOE`s multi well program titled ``Horizontal Drilling in Shallow Geologic Complex Reservoirs.`` This well will be located in Mahoning County, Ohio in an area which has demonstrated above average Clinton gas production. To the best of our knowledge, this will be the first horizontal well drilled to the Clinton Sand formation in Ohio. Since many of the remaining Clinton Sand drilling sites are of poorer reservoir quality, they may not be developed unless technology such as horizontal drilling can be successfully demonstrated.

  6. Inferring horizontal gene transfer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matt Ravenhall

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Horizontal or Lateral Gene Transfer (HGT or LGT is the transmission of portions of genomic DNA between organisms through a process decoupled from vertical inheritance. In the presence of HGT events, different fragments of the genome are the result of different evolutionary histories. This can therefore complicate the investigations of evolutionary relatedness of lineages and species. Also, as HGT can bring into genomes radically different genotypes from distant lineages, or even new genes bearing new functions, it is a major source of phenotypic innovation and a mechanism of niche adaptation. For example, of particular relevance to human health is the lateral transfer of antibiotic resistance and pathogenicity determinants, leading to the emergence of pathogenic lineages. Computational identification of HGT events relies upon the investigation of sequence composition or evolutionary history of genes. Sequence composition-based ("parametric" methods search for deviations from the genomic average, whereas evolutionary history-based ("phylogenetic" approaches identify genes whose evolutionary history significantly differs from that of the host species. The evaluation and benchmarking of HGT inference methods typically rely upon simulated genomes, for which the true history is known. On real data, different methods tend to infer different HGT events, and as a result it can be difficult to ascertain all but simple and clear-cut HGT events.

  7. Almost horizontal turbulence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper is published without modifications. Kolmogorov's manuscript was apparently prepared during his participation in one of expeditions of the ship 'D. Mendeleev' to the Atlantic Ocean (1969) or in a circumnavigation of the world (1971) organized by the Institute for Oceanology led at the time by A.S. Monin. As Kolmogorov himself wrote, the choice of the topic was stimulated by observations concerning '...meanders with horizontal sizes of hundreds of kilometers on a flow involving a layer of hundreds of meters, with subsequent disintegration of these meanders into vortices gradually decreasing in size to several kilometers'. In modern terminology, the paper is devoted to the problem of intensive mixing in pycnoclines, that is, thin layers of stratified fluid, caused by internal waves whose frequencies are less than the Brent-Vaeisaelae frequency. Here I would like to note two circumstances. The first is the scientific insight characteristic for Kolmogorov; this very approach was later reflected in numerous publications (see, for instance, the monograph by V.S. Modevich, V.I. Nikulin, and A.G. Stetsenko 'Dynamics of internal mixing in a stratified medium', Institute for Hydromechanics, Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova Dumka, Kiev 1988). The second, the more significant in my opinion, is the genuine intellectual curiosity and breadth of thought of this great thinker, who studied not only the most abstract mathematical constructions but also got his head out of the clouds with great interest to solve concrete applied problems

  8. Chapitre XI. Pour une biographie culturelle des villes en mutation : les cas de Belo Horizonte et São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Angotti-Salgueiro, Heliana

    2014-01-01

    But we may postpone more general conclusions until we have examined, at closer view,the existing facts. Let us go down into the streets...The Metropolis of Tomorrow, Hugh Ferriss, 1929. Afin d’éviter les propos globalisants sur l’histoire des villes, nous privilégierons l’expérience des hommes devant des situations précises et autour de deux thèmes classiques : la formation et la croissance urbaines. Depuis une vingtaine d’années, plusieurs changements méthodologiques sont apparus pour constr...

  9. PARTICULARIDADES DO TRABALHO DO ENFERMEIRO NO SERVIÇO DE ATENDIMENTO MÓVEL DE URGÊNCIA DE BELO HORIZONTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Alves

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fue realizado un Estudio de Caso descriptivo y cualitativo que objetivó conocer la percepción de enfermeros sobre su trabajo en el Servicio de Atención Móvil de Urgencias. Los sujetos fueron 12 enfermeros y los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas y sometidos al análisis de contenido. Los resultados muestran como aspectos positivos del trabajo: el dinamismo y la capacidad de resolución del servicio, su visibilidad en la red de salud, ejecución de las actividades de asistencia y la satisfacción en el trabajo. Los negativos implican: el poco conocimiento de la población acerca de la organización y el funcionamiento del Servicio, la exposición a los factores de riesgos ambientales y físicos, violencia en los barrios bajos en el momento del servicio y problemas de recepción de los pacientes en unidad de salud fija. Se puede observar que los aspectos positivos están relacionados con el contenido del trabajo y su propósito y los negativos con las condiciones del trabajo.

  10. Estudo investigativo sobre o conhecimento da dislexia em educadores da rede pública e privada dos municípios de Belo Horizonte e de Nova Lima

    OpenAIRE

    Letícia Viana Pereira; Marina Gabriela Simões; Cláudia Machado Siqueira; Luciana Mendonça Alves

    2011-01-01

    ResumoObjetivo: investigar o conhecimento prático-teórico sobre a dislexia do desenvolvimento em educadores das redes pública e privada. Métodos: foi aplicado um questionário a 103 professores de 14 instituições públicas e privadas. Resultados/discussão: 97% dos entrevistados eram do sexo feminino, 39% lecionavam para séries iniciais, 64% responderam que cursaram disciplina relacionada com o tema, 59% relataram procurarem i...

  11. Avaliação de efetividade da atenção domiciliar de uma cooperativa médica de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Martín Biscione; Daniele Araújo Campos Szuster; Eliane de Freitas Drumond; Graziele Umbelina Alves Ferreira; Maria Aparecida Turci; Jorge Faria Lima Júnior; Sérgio Adriano Loureiro Bersan

    2013-01-01

    Foi realizado estudo de coorte retrospectiva com o objetivo de avaliar o impacto do plano de cuidados do Programa de Atenção Domiciliar da Unimed-BH, modalidade Gerenciamento de Casos (PrGC/AD), sobre o tempo livre de hospitalização entre os pacientes com 60 anos ou mais assistidos pelo programa. Utilizou-se o modelo de Cox para avaliar o efeito do intervalo entre as visitas domiciliares dos profissionais do programa sobre o tempo livre de hospitalização de 2.943 idosos, ajustado por idade, m...

  12. Descentralización de la salud pública y sistemas de información en Brasil: Caso del municipio de Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Alaneir de Fátima dos Santos; Rosa Maria Quadros; Janete Maria Ferreira

    2004-01-01

    El presente documento tiene como fin ilustrar sobre los cambios en el manejo de la información entre los diversos actores de la gestión de la salud en el Brasil, con el objetivo de que la información llegue a ser un instrumento relevante para la toma de decisiones, los procesos gerenciales y la formación de políticas. Además revela las tensiones surgidas entre los diversos gestores de un sistema descentralizado de salud en cuanto a las demandas y usos de la información como instrumento de la ...

  13. Prevalence and factors associated with Leishmania infantum infection of dogs from an urban area of Brazil as identified by molecular methods.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendel Coura-Vital

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Various factors contribute to the urbanization of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL, including the difficulties of implementing control measures relating to the domestic reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis in an urban endemic area in Brazil and the factors associated with Leishmania infantum infection among seronegative and PCR-positive dogs. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 1,443 dogs. Serology was carried out by using two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (Biomanguinhos/FIOCRUZ/RJ and "in house", and molecular methods were developed, including PCR-RFLP. To identify the factors associated with early stages of infection, only seronegative (n = 1,213 animals were evaluated. These animals were divided into two groups: PCR-positive (n = 296 and PCR-negative (n = 917 for L. infantum DNA. A comparison of these two groups of dogs taking into consideration the characteristics of the animals and their owners was performed. A mixed logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with L. infantum infection. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Of the 1,443 dogs examined, 230 (15.9% were seropositive in at least one ELISA, whereas PCR-RFLP revealed that 356 animals (24.7% were positive for L. infantum DNA. Results indicated that the associated factors with infection were family income

  14. The electric power generation and renewable energy market in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power demands are mostly met through hydroelectric generation in Brazil, and consumers are dependent on this resource, as was made plain during the drought of 2001. This drought resulted in power rationing of 20 per cent across the country over a period of nine months, as dams suffered from low water levels. The rationing was terminated in March 2002. The completion of a number of projects should bring Brazil's power generation capacity to 92 gigawatts (GW) in 2004, and to 115.3 GW by 2010, as compared with 67.7 GW in 2000. These projects include the construction of the third-largest hydroelectric power plant in the world and Brazil's second-largest hydropower installation, called Belo Monte. Numerous other hydroelectric projects are at various stages of development, in addition to thermoelectric, solar, wind, and biomass power generation initiatives. It is estimated that investments in the order of 12.3 to 14.6 billion dollars per year through 2006 will be required to ensure the success of these projects. By 2011, the total required investment is estimated at 77.1 billion dollars. Valued at 3.4 billion dollars in 2000, the market for electric power equipment in Brazil is expected to reach 4.5 billion dollars by 2005, and reach more than 5.4 billion dollars by 2010. The demand for photovoltaic power generation equipment will affect the growth of the telecommunications market. Wind turbine technology and solar power are being strongly promoted by the government of Brazil. The electric power equipment import market reached in excess of 8.3 billion dollars in 2001, and the exports of Canada during that year were 68.5 million dollars. Gas turbines represented the most significant sector export in 2001 for Canada. 38 refs., 7 tabs

  15. Concerns regarding hepatitis B vaccination and post-vaccination test among Brazilian dentists

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira Rosângela; Paiva Saul M; Abreu Mauro; Resende Vera; Pordeus Isabela A

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Hepatitis B infection is the major cause of acute and chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide and has long been recognized as an occupational hazard among dentists. The aim of the present study was to examine factors associated to the self-reporting of hepatitis B vaccination and immunization status among dentists working in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 1302 dentists in Belo Horizo...

  16. Diphyllobothriasis, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Jorge Luiz Mello; Piana de Andrade, Victor; Lucas, Maria da Conceição; Fung, Liang; Gagliardi, Sandra Maria B.; Santos, Sandra Rosalem P.; Mendes, Caio Marcio Figueiredo; Eduardo, Maria Bernadete de Paula; Dick, Terry

    2005-01-01

    Cases of human diphyllobothriasis have been reported worldwide. Only 1 case in Brazil was diagnosed by our institution from January 1998 to December 2003. By comparison, 18 cases were diagnosed from March 2004 to January 2005. All patients who became infected ate raw fish in sushi or sashimi.

  17. Risk factors for seroconversion by Leishmania infantum in a cohort of dogs from an endemic area of Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendel Coura-Vital

    Full Text Available Visceral leishmaniasis (VL has recently emerged in various urban and peri-urban areas of Brazil and other countries. Understanding the urbanization of VL requires identification of risk factors associated with human and canine infection. To determine the predictors of risk for canine VL, a survey was conducted of 1,443 dogs, from which a cohort was selected (n = 455 and evaluated for approximately 26 months. Serology was conducted with two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA: one conducted in the Laboratory of Zoonosis of the Belo Horizonte Health Department (LZOON and the other in the Laboratory of Immunopathology of the Federal University of Ouro Preto (LIMP. A molecular diagnostic method (PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism and a structured questionnaire were also used. To identify the factors associated with seroconversion, two time-dependent Cox regression models were performed with different sensitivities (model 1, seroconversion by ELISA/LZOON; model 2, seroconversion by ELISA/LIMP. The overall incidences of seroconversion were 6.5/1000 dogs-months and 11.2/1000 dogs-months for ELISA/LZOON and ELISA/LIMP, respectively. Increased risk of seroconversion was associated with short fur (model 1: hazard ratio [HR] 1.9, the presence of dry leaves (model 1: HR 2.8 or manure (model 1: HR 3.5 in the backyard, dogs sleeping predominantly in the backyard (model 2: HR 2.1, the presence of symptoms (model 2: HR 2.0, and positive molecular results during follow-up (model 2: HR 1.5. Decreased risk was associated with insecticide spraying in the house (model 2: HR 0.5. These results indicate that more-vulnerable domiciles, certain dog behaviors, lack of vector control measures, and positive molecular results were associated with the occurrence of canine VL. Furthermore, it is important to emphasize that PCR-positive dogs should be monitored, owing to the possibility of seroconversion. Identifying risk factors for seroconversion in dogs is

  18. Organic carbon determination in histosols and soil horizons with high organic matter content from Brazil Determinação do carbono orgânico em organossolos e solos com horizontes com elevado conteúdo de matéria orgânica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Gervasio Pereira

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Soil taxonomy systems distinguish mineral soils from organic soils based on the amount of soil organic carbon. Procedures adopted in soil surveys for organic carbon measurement are therefore of major importance to classify the soils, and to correlate their properties with data from other studies. To evaluate different methods for measuring organic carbon and organic matter content in Histosols and soils with histic horizons, from different regions of Brazil, 53 soil samples were comparatively analyzed by the methods of Walkley & Black (modified, Embrapa, Yeomans & Bremner, modified Yeomans & Bremner, muffle furnace, and CHN. The modified Walkley & Black (C-W & B md and the combustion of organic matter in the muffle furnace (OM-Muffle were the most suitable for the samples with high organic carbon content. Based on regression analysis data, the OM-muffle may be estimated from C-W & B md by applying a factor that ranges from 2.00 to 2.19 with 95% of probability. The factor 2.10, the average value, is suggested to convert results obtained by these methods.Sistemas taxonômicos distinguem horizontes e/ou camadas minerais das orgânicas baseando-se na quantidade de carbono orgânico. Assim, o procedimento adotado em pesquisas para a quantificação do conteúdo de carbono orgânico é de grande importância para a classificação das terras e correlacionar as suas propriedades com dados de outros estudos. Com o objetivo de avaliar os diferentes métodos para medir o conteúdo de carbono orgânico e de matéria orgânica em Organossolo e solos com elevados teores de matéria orgânica, de diferentes regiões do Brasil, cinqüenta e três amostras de terra foram comparativamente analisadas pelos métodos de Walkley & Black (modificado, Embrapa, Yeomans & Bremner, Yeomans & Bremner modificado, forno mufla, e CHN. O método Walkley & Black modificado (C-W & B md e a combustão de matéria orgânica no forno mufla (MO-Mufla revelaram-se mais satisfat

  19. Length-weight relationships and condition factor of the eaglebeak pacu Ossubtus xinguense Jégu, 1992 (Characiformes, Serrasalmidae), an endangered species from Rio Xingu rapids, northern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, M C; Jesus, A J S; Giarrizzo, T

    2015-08-01

    This study reports on the length-weight relationships and condition factor for the endangered rheophilic fish Ossubtus xinguense Jégu from Rio Xingu rapids. This species is threatened by construction of the third largest hydroelectric in the world, the Belo Monte dam close to the city of Altamira, northern Brazil. Specimens were collected in the dry season between July 2012 and September 2012. Male specimens have body length larger than females, atypical in serrasalmid fishes, and different length-weight relationships were found between adult and juvenile specimens. This study presents the first biological characteristics for O. xinguense. PMID:26691082

  20. A evolução da Igreja Católica no Brasil à luz de pesquisas recentes (The evolution of the Catholic Church in Brazil at the light of recent research - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1208

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Konings

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aqui apresentado propõe uma leitura teológico-pastoral dos resultados do último Censo do IBGE 2010– Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – sobre religião no Brasil, publicados em julho de 2012, recorrendo também ao estudo da Fundação Getúlio Vargas – O novo mapa das religiões – publicado em 2011, e à pesquisa encomendada pela Arquidiocese de Belo Horizonte sobre Valores e religião na região metropolitana, cuja realização se deu em 2012. A leitura proposta pelo artigo toma em conta sobretudo o que os dados dessas pesquisas dizem da igreja católica. Após um breve comentário de alguns elementos apresentados por tais pesquisas, o texto propõe algumas chaves de interpretação. Começa com uma leitura de tipo sociorreligioso, mostrando que a queda acentuada da pertença ao catolicismo é o resultado da saída de uma religião de tipo ‘ambiental’ e herdado para uma religião de ‘convicção’, de caráter ‘confessante’. Num segundo momento apresenta algumas raízes dessa maneira de compreender a fé no Novo Testamento e na leitura sobre a natureza e a missão da igreja feita pelo Concílio Vaticano II. Conclui, enfim, com algumas considerações de tipo pastoral, apontando não tanto para as soluções levantadas pela queda da pertença ao catolicismo, mas para as atitudes que uma igreja ‘confessante’ deve assumir na hora atual. Palavras-chave: Censo IBGE 2010. Censo das Religiões. Igreja Católica no Brasil. Leitura teológica   Abstract The article proposes a theological-pastoral reading of the results of the most recent Census by the IBGE 2010 – Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – regarding religion in Brazil, published in July 2012, while also drawing on a study by the Fundação Getúlio Vargas – O novo mapa das religiões (The new map of religions – published in 2011, and on the research project sponsored by the Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte regarding Valores

  1. Confiabilidade da declaração de causa básica de mortes infantis em região metropolitana do sudeste do Brasil Reliability of the medical certificates of underlying cause of infant deaths in a metropolitan region of southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth F. Mendonça

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de dados coletados para um estudo sobre a mortalidade infantil na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil, foi selecionada uma amostra aleatória de óbitos infantis ocorridos em 1989, para avaliar a concordância da causa básica de morte registrada na declaração de óbito e a obtida após revisão detalhada do prontuário hospitalar da criança. Verificou-se que 11,7% dos óbitos neonatais não tiveram a causa básica registrada no atestado, confirmada pela investigação nos prontuários médicos (kappa = 0,61, o mesmo ocorrendo em 44,0% dos pós-neonatais (kappa = 0,47. Esta maior discordância no grupo pós-neonatal provavelmente se deveu a maior dificuldade de definição das causas contribuintes e da causa básica dos óbitos por diarréias, pneumonias e desnutrição, principais causas de mortalidade nesse grupo. Em relação aos óbitos por desnutrição e diarréia, observou-se associação entre ambas em 76,9% das vezes em que a diarréia foi selecionada como causa básica, mostrando que essas patologias podem ser destacadas como um mesmo grupamento em saúde pública. As discordâcias encontradas demonstram que os médicos ainda dão pouca importância ao seu papel como agentes geradores de informação de saúde. Os dados da declaração de óbito fornecem indicação razoável das principais causas de mortes infantis, principalmente quando se considera o grupamento diarréia-pneumonia-desnutrição, composto de patologias evitáveis e ainda de grande relevância como causa de mortalidade infantil na região.The quality of official information on underlying causes of infant deaths was studied on the basis of data collected for a popullation-based study of the surveillance of infant mortality in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Brazil in 1989. The survey included the analysis of a sample of infant deaths carried out by comparing the underlying causes of death as coded on death certificates to those

  2. DRILL BITS FOR HORIZONTAL WELLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Macini

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper underlines the importance of the correct drill bit application in horizontal wells. Afler the analysis of the peculiarities of horizontal wells and drainholes drilling techniques, advantages and disadvantages of the application of both roller cone and fixed cutters drill bits have been discussed. Also, a review of the potential specific featuries useful for a correct drill bit selection in horizontal small diameter holes has been highlighted. Drill bits for these special applications, whose importance is quickly increasing nowadays, should be characterised by a design capable to deliver a good penetration rate low WOB, and, at the same time, be able to withstand high RPM without premature cutting structure failure and undergauge. Formation properties will also determine the cutting structure type and the eventual specific features for additional gauge and shoulder protection.

  3. Pressure analysis for horizontal wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spivak, D.

    1988-01-01

    This study deals with the solution for pressure response of horizontal wells in three different anisotropic media: the infinite reservoir, the limited reservoir and the reservoir with constant pressure at the outer boundaries. Pressure analyses for vertical wells in various reservoirs are abundant, but there has been no comprehensive study of pressure analysis for horizontal wells in these three media. The objectives of this work are to examine and to determine the likely effects of horizontal wells on productivity and on the integration of pressure tests. The method of images, the concept of instantaneous sources and the Newman product method have been used. Integration of the summed source functions is achieved numerically using Simpson's rule. All three solutions are semi-analytical and have been verified and validated. For the infinite reservoir the solution has been compared to a directional well of high angle, and long horizontal well responses have been compared to the solution for the uniform-flux vertical fracture. The solutions to the other two cases (for long horizontal wells) have been compared to published solutions for uniform-flux vertical fractures. New equations, new pseudo-skin factors, new type curves, and new shape factors have been generated in the course of this work. The log-log type curves can be used to determine reservoir characteristics. The influences of different well and reservoir parameters on the well productivity have been investigated and are presented to show the merits of horizontal wells. A major features of this study is that some portions are presented here for the first time.

  4. Die erhöhte horizontal Ebene / Plano horizontal plano

    OpenAIRE

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Artículo sobre el plano horizontal en arquitectura. Esta investigación se inscribe en la línea "Luz y gravedad". Se relacionan conceptos y obras de la historia de la arquitectura con los conceptos desarrollados en los proyectos de Alberto Campo Baeza. La revista Bauwelt está indexada en AVERY y RIBA.

  5. Trabalho e emprego na educação infantil no Brasil: segmentações e desigualdades Labor and employment in early childhood education in Brazil: cleavages and inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Fraga Vieira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se trazer resultados de pesquisa empírica sobre situações de trabalho e emprego nas instituições de educação infantil no Brasil, evidenciando o caso de Belo Horizonte, capital de Minas Gerais, que apresenta oferta em creches e pré-escolas, representativa da realidade dos grandes centros urbanos brasileiros. Efetuou-se o levantamento de fontes documentais, legislação, estatísticas, entrevistas e observações, no intuito de evidenciar as relações entre as tipologias das instituições de educação infantil e as formas de contratação, carreira, salário e condições de trabalho. As situações investigadas se referiram aos estabelecimentos de ensino público (estadual e municipal e estabelecimentos de ensino privados, segundo as categorias particular, comunitária, filantrópica e confessional. Os estabelecimentos estudados foram escolhidos, segundo amostra intencional, por localização e público preferencial atendido. Informações também foram buscadas junto aos empregadores - públicos e privados e junto às representações sindicais/associativas dos profissionais, nos setores públicos e privados. Evidenciou-se existência de profissionais com status e formação/qualificação diferenciados, bem como variadas modalidades de relações de emprego e trabalho, que revelam processo de precarização no exercício profissional na educação infantil. Segmentações no interior do setor público, e entre setor público e privado, reiteram desigualdades históricas no campo. Por outro lado, uma demanda crescente por profissionalização é observada.The present work aims at presenting results of empirical research about the situations of labor and employment in institutions of child education in Brazil, highlighting the case of Belo Horizonte, Capital city of Minas Gerais State, which offers nurseries and preschools and it is representative of Brazilian urban centers. An analysis including documental sources

  6. OS IMPACTOS DA USINA HIDRELÉTRICA DE BELO MONTE NOS ATRATIVOS TURÍSTICOS DA REGIÃO DO XINGU (AMAZÔNIA – PARÁ - BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando Roscoche

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A região do Xingu, na Amazônia brasileira, está passando por transformações ambientais e sociais drásticas. Grande parte dessas mudanças se deve as politicas públicas, com destaque para Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte, uma das maiores hidrelétricas do mundo, em construção a montante do Rio Xingu no município de Vitória do Xingu. O objetivo desse trabalho é analisar como os impactos da construção da Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte podem afetar os atrativos turísticos da Região do Xingu, na Amazônia Brasileira. A presente pesquisa pauta-se no método comparativo, visando demonstrar as contradições inerentes ao processo da construção da Usina Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte. Para demonstrar a contradição desse processo busca-se realizar uma contextualização da evolução histórica do empreendimento até os dias atuais. Analisa-se ainda, os documentos oficiais para realizar um diagnóstico dos impactos que afetariam os recursos turísticos locais. A construção da Usina Hidrelétrica de Belo Monte, resultará na perda permanente de parte dos atrativos turísticos das cidades do entorno do lago da Usina, que terão suas praias, balneários, sítios arqueológicos e até mesmo parte do centro urbano perdidos definitivamente em razão do lago da barragem.

  7. Perfil da automedicação no Brasil Aspects of self-medication in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Sérgio D. Arrais

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os dados apresentados fazem parte de um estudo multicêntrico sobre automedicação na América Latina realizado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS. Objetivou-se traçar um perfil da automedicação através da análise da procura de medicamentos em farmácias sem prescrição médica ou aconselhamento do farmacêutico/balconista. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: As especialidades farmacêuticas foram classificadas pelo código "Anatomical Therapeutical Classification" e analisadas sob quatro aspectos qualitativos: valor intrínseco, essencialidade (lista da OMS e Relação Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais (RENAME, combinação em dose fixa e necessidade de prescrição médica. RESULTADOS: Foram solicitadas 5.332 especialidades farmacêuticas (785 diferentes princípios ativos, sendo 49,5% combinações em dose fixas, 53,0% de valor intrínseco não elevado, 44,1% sujeitos a prescrição médica, 71,0% não essenciais e 40,0% baseados em prescrições médicas anteriores. Os medicamentos mais solicitados foram analgésicos (17,3%, descongestionantes nasais (7,0%, antiinflamatório/antireumático e antiinfecciosos de uso sistêmico, ambos com 5,6%. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados sugerem que a automedicação no Brasil reflete as carências e hábitos da população, é consideravelmente influenciada pela prescrição médica e tem a sua qualidade prejudicada pela baixa seletividade do mercado farmacêutico.INTRODUCTION: The data presented are part of a World Health Organization (WHO multicenter study of self-medication in Latin America. Brazilian sites included: Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, the city of S. Paulo and outlying locations. The objective was to characterize self-medication practices by analyzing drugs sought by consumers in pharmacies without a physician's prescription. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Drugs were classified according to the Anatomic Therapeutic Classification codes, and analyzed with respect to 1 intrinsic value; 2 recognition as

  8. Prevalência e fatores associados ao uso de antiinflamatórios não-esteróides por pacientes submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 2000 Prevalence of and factors associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use by patients submitted to upper endoscopy, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro; Gil Sevalho; Cibele Comini César

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de AINE por pacientes submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta no Hospital das Clínicas da UFMG. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de uma amostra de 533 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 17 anos, com endoscopia previamente marcada na Seção de Endoscopia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas. Foram considerados quatro grupos de variáveis exploratórias: so...

  9. Conhecimento dos profissionais da enfermagem que assistem pacientes com alterações da deglutição em um Hospital Universitário de Belo Horizonte Knowledge of nursing professionals that assist patients with swallowing disorders at a University Hospital in Belo Horizonte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Ulhôa Guedes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a atuação dos profissionais da área de enfermagem frente à alteração da deglutição. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal e comparativo de amostragem estratificada no qual foram entrevistados 130 profissionais da área de enfermagem de um Hospital Universitário por meio de um questionário.A média de idade dos grupos foi de 29,16 com 11,81 de desvio padrão, sendo 64% do sexo feminino e 23% do sexo masculino. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística por meio do teste Exato de Fischer, sendo considerada significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: 92,33% dos profissionais pesquisados relataram que o fonoaudiólogo é o profissional responsável pela reabilitação dos pacientes com alteração da deglutição. Na amostra estudada, 87% demonstraram ter conhecimento adequado sobre as doenças que podem levar à alteração da deglutição e 94,66% afirmaram saber identificar os casos em que os pacientes apresentam algum sinal ou sintoma da alteração da deglutição. Essa pesquisa permitiu demonstrar que, em alguns itens relacionados à alteração da deglutição, os enfermeiros estão mais preparados que os técnicos e estes mais preparados que os auxiliares de enfermagem. CONCLUSÕES: De forma geral, os profissionais têm uma intervenção adequada diante das alterações da deglutição em pacientes internados.PURPOSE: To describe the performance of nursing professionals with patients with swallowing disorders. METHODS: Cross-sectional, comparative study of stratified sampling, where 130 nursing professionals of a university hospital were interviewed. The mean age of the groups was 29.16 years, with a standard deviation of 11.81. From the professionals interviewed, 64% were female, and 23% were male. Data were statistically analyzed using the Exact Fischer's test, with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: From the interviewed professionals, 92.33% reported that the speech therapist is the professional responsible for the rehabilitation of patients with swallowing disorders; 87% showed appropriate knowledge about the diseases that might cause swallowing disorders, and 94.66% declared to know how to identify patients with signs or symptoms of swallowing disorders. The present study allowed demonstrating that nurses are more prepared than technicians, who are more prepared than nursing assistants, in some related items regarding swallowing disorders. CONCLUSIONS: In general, the nursing professionals interviewed have an adequate intervention before swallowing disorders in hospitalized patients.

  10. Orphan penumbrae: Submerging horizontal fields

    CERN Document Server

    Jurcak, J; Sobotka, M

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the properties of orphan penumbrae, which are photospheric filamentary structures observed in active regions near polarity inversion lines that resemble the penumbra of regular sunspots but are not connected to any umbra. We use Hinode data from the Solar Optical Telescope to determine the properties of orphan penumbrae. Spectropolarimetric data are employed to obtain the vector magnetic field and line-of-sight velocities in the photosphere. Magnetograms are used to study the overall evolution of these structures, and G-band and Ca II H filtergrams are to investigate their brightness and apparent horizontal motions. Orphan penumbrae form between regions of opposite polarity in places with horizontal magnetic fields. Their magnetic configuration is that of $\\Omega$-shaped flux ropes. In the two cases studied here, the opposite-polarity regions approach each other with time and the whole structure submerges as the penumbral filaments disappear. Orphan penumbrae are very similar to regular penumbr...

  11. Horizontal gene transfer in plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Caihua; Ren, Xiaodong; Mason, Annaliese S; Liu, Honglei; Xiao, Meili; Li, Jiana; Fu, Donghui

    2014-03-01

    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) describes the transmission of genetic material across species boundaries. HGT often occurs in microbic and eukaryotic genomes. However, the pathways by which HGTs occur in multicellular eukaryotes, especially in plants, are not well understood. We systematically summarized more than ten possible pathways for HGT. The intimate contact which frequently occurs in parasitism, symbiosis, pathogen, epiphyte, entophyte, and grafting interactions could promote HGTs between two species. Besides these direct transfer methods, genes can be exchanged with a vector as a bridge: possible vectors include pollen, fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, plasmids, transposons, and insects. HGT, especially when involving horizontal transfer of transposable elements, is recognized as a significant force propelling genomic variation and biological innovation, playing an important functional and evolutionary role in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes. We proposed possible mechanisms by which HGTs can occur, which is useful in understanding the genetic information exchange among distant species or distant cellular components. PMID:24132513

  12. Horizontal gene transfer in fungi

    OpenAIRE

    Fitzpatrick, David A.

    2011-01-01

    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is frequently observed in prokaryotes and until recently was assumed to be of limited importance to eukaryotes. However, there is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that HGT is an important mechanism in eukaryotic genome evolution, particularly in unicellular organisms. The transfer of individual genes, gene clusters or entire chromosomes can have significant impacts on niche specification, disease emergence or shift in metabolic capabil...

  13. Horizontal mergers and product quality

    OpenAIRE

    Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune

    2014-01-01

    Using a spatial competition framework with three ex ante identical firms, we study the effects of a horizontal merger on quality, price and welfare. The merging firms always reduce quality. They also increase prices if demand responsiveness to quality is sufficiently low. The non-merging firm, on the other hand, always responds by increasing both quality and prices. Overall, a merger leads to higher average prices and quality in the market. The welfare implications of a merger are not clea...

  14. Horizontally oriented plates in clouds

    CERN Document Server

    Bréon, François-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Horizontally oriented plates in clouds generate a sharp specular reflectance signal in the glint direction, often referred to as "subsun". This signal (amplitude and width) may be used to analyze the relative area fraction of oriented plates in the cloud top layer and their characteristic tilt angle to the horizontal. We make use of spaceborne measurements from the POLDER instrument to provide a statistical analysis of these parameters. More than half of the clouds show a detectable maximum reflectance in the glint direction, although this maximum may be rather faint. The typical effective fraction (area weighted) of oriented plates in clouds lies between 10-3 and 10-2. For those oriented plates, the characteristic tilt angle is less than 1 degree in most cases. These low fractions imply that the impact of oriented plates on the cloud albedo is insignificant. The largest proportion of clouds with horizontally oriented plates is found in the range 500-700 hPa, in agreement with typical in situ observation of p...

  15. Brazil; Selected Issues Paper

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2015-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper examines infrastructure investment in Brazil. Brazil has inferior overall infrastructure quality relative to almost all its export competitors. Brazil’s infrastructure endowment ranks low by international standards, and its low quality affects productivity, market efficiency, and competitiveness. Areas in which Brazil’s competitiveness has lagged include, but are not limited to, education, innovation, governance, and justice. Brazil’s infrastructure gap has be...

  16. Explicit horizontal open books on some plumbings

    OpenAIRE

    Etgü, Tolga; Ozbagci, Burak

    2005-01-01

    We describe explicit open books on arbitrary plumbings of oriented circle bundles over closed oriented surfaces. We show that, for a non-positive plumbing, the open book we construct is horizontal and the corresponding compatible contact structure is also horizontal and Stein fillable. In particular, we describe horizontal open books on some Seifert fibered 3--manifolds. As another application we describe horizontal open books isomorphic to Milnor open books for some complex surface singulari...

  17. Horizontal well length optimization considering wellbore hydraulics

    OpenAIRE

    Syed, Adnan

    2014-01-01

    Horizontal wells covering entire length of the reservoirs are not economically suitable. Frictional pressure drops increases with the increase in well length and flow rates. Optimal Horizontal length is estimated through economic analysis i.e. Net present Value of the project (NPV). Well construction costs including incremental costs of drilling horizontal section, friction losses in horizontal section, Hydrocarbon prices and Drainage area affect NPV. This thesis work estimates NPV and Produc...

  18. Bubble shape in horizontal and near horizontal intermittent flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The bubble shapes in intermittent flows are presented experimentally. • The nose-tail inversion phenomenon appears at a low Froude number in downward pipe. • Transition from plug to slug flow occurs when the bubble tail changes from staircase pattern to hydraulic jump. - Abstract: This paper presents an experimental study of the shape of isolated bubbles in horizontal and near horizontal intermittent flows. It is found that the shapes of the nose and body of bubble depend on the Froude number defined by gas/liquid mixture velocity in a pipe, whereas the shape of the back of bubble region depends on both the Froude number and bubble length. The photographic studies show that the transition from plug to slug flow occurs when the back of the bubble changes from staircase pattern to hydraulic jump with the increase of the Froude number and bubble length. The effect of pipe inclination on characteristics of bubble is significant: The bubble is inversely located in a downwardly inclined pipe when the Froude number is low, and the transition from plug flow to slug flow in an upward inclined pipe is more ready to occur compared with that in a downwardly inclined pipe

  19. Environmental restoration using horizontal wells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that under sponsorship from the U.S. Department of Energy, technical personnel from the Savannah River Laboratory and other DOE laboratories, universities and private industry have completed a full scale demonstration of environmental remediation using horizontal wells. The test successfully removed approximately 7250 kg of contaminants. A large amount of characterization and monitoring data was collected to aid in interpretation of the test and to provide the information needed for future environmental restorations that employ directionally drilled wells as extraction or delivery systems

  20. Datafile: Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is as yet little to show for the enormous investment made by Brazil over the past 20 years in nuclear power and the fuel cycle. The only nuclear power plant (657MWe PWR) in operation has had a poor performance record and the two reactors (1309MWe PWRs) under construction are more than ten years behind the original schedule. Aspirations of building commercial fuel cycle facilities have proved extremely optimistic. In the latest reorganization of the industry, the construction and operation of nuclear power stations is entrusted to the national utility and the various civilian/military R and D efforts in the fuel cycle are being integrated under civilian supervision. This should lead to greater accountability and efficiency in the future. (author)

  1. A Comparison of Two Brazilian Populations of Culex quinquefasciatus (Say, 1823) from Endemic and Non-endemic Areas to Infection with Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877)

    OpenAIRE

    Brito Ana C; Williams Paul; Fontes Gilberto; Rocha Eliana MM

    1997-01-01

    Culex quinquefasciatus is known to be an efficient insect host of Wuchereria bancrofti. In Brazil Cx. quinquefasciatus is widely distributed throughout the country and is often abundant in and around human habitations. In contrast, Bancroftian filariasis is limited to three foci in Brazil. Experiments were undertaken to compare the vector capacities of Cx. quinquefasciatus originating from Maceió (Alagoas), one of the endemic areas of W. bancrofti infection in Brazil, and Belo Horizonte (Mina...

  2. Horizontal gene transfer in chromalveolates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhattacharya Debashish

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Horizontal gene transfer (HGT, the non-genealogical transfer of genetic material between different organisms, is considered a potentially important mechanism of genome evolution in eukaryotes. Using phylogenomic analyses of expressed sequence tag (EST data generated from a clonal cell line of a free living dinoflagellate alga Karenia brevis, we investigated the impact of HGT on genome evolution in unicellular chromalveolate protists. Results We identified 16 proteins that have originated in chromalveolates through ancient HGTs before the divergence of the genera Karenia and Karlodinium and one protein that was derived through a more recent HGT. Detailed analysis of the phylogeny and distribution of identified proteins demonstrates that eight have resulted from independent HGTs in several eukaryotic lineages. Conclusion Recurring intra- and interdomain gene exchange provides an important source of genetic novelty not only in parasitic taxa as previously demonstrated but as we show here, also in free-living protists. Investigating the tempo and mode of evolution of horizontally transferred genes in protists will therefore advance our understanding of mechanisms of adaptation in eukaryotes.

  3. Horizontal versus vertical plate motions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Cuffaro

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available We review both present and past motions at major plate boundaries, which have the horizontal component in average 10 to 100 times faster (10–100 mm/yr than the vertical component (0.01–1 mm/yr in all geodynamic settings. The steady faster horizontal velocity of the lithosphere with respect to the upward or downward velocities at plate boundaries supports dominating tangential forces acting on plates. This suggests a passive role of plate boundaries with respect to far field forces determining the velocity of plates. The forces acting on the lithosphere can be subdivided in coupled and uncoupled, as a function of the shear at the lithosphere base. Higher the asthenosphere viscosity, more significant should be the coupled forces, i.e., the mantle drag and the trench suction. Lower the asthenosphere viscosity, more the effects of uncoupled forces might result determinant, i.e., the ridge push, the slab pull and the tidal drag. Although a combination of all forces acting on the lithosphere is likely, the decoupling between lithosphere and mantle suggests that a torque acts on the lithosphere independently of the mantle drag. Slab pull and ridge push are candidates for generating this torque, but, unlike these boundary forces, the advantage of the tidal drag is to be a volume force, acting simultaneously on the whole plates, and being the decoupling at the lithosphere base controlled by lateral variations in viscosity of the low-velocity layer.

  4. Orphan penumbrae: Submerging horizontal fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurčák, J.; Bellot Rubio, L. R.; Sobotka, M.

    2014-04-01

    Aims: We investigate the properties of orphan penumbrae, which are photospheric filamentary structures observed in active regions near polarity inversion lines that resemble the penumbra of regular sunspots but are not connected to any umbra. Methods: We use Hinode data from the Solar Optical Telescope to determine the properties of orphan penumbrae. Spectropolarimetric data are employed to obtain the vector magnetic field and line-of-sight velocities in the photosphere. Magnetograms are used to study the overall evolution of these structures, and G-band and Ca ii H filtergrams are to investigate their brightness and apparent horizontal motions. Results: Orphan penumbrae form between regions of opposite polarity in places with horizontal magnetic fields. Their magnetic configuration is that of Ω-shaped flux ropes. In the two cases studied here, the opposite-polarity regions approach each other with time and the whole structure submerges as the penumbral filaments disappear. Orphan penumbrae are very similar to regular penumbrae, including the existence of strong gas flows. Therefore, they could have a similar origin. The main difference between them is the absence of a "background" magnetic field in orphan penumbrae. This could explain most of the observed differences. Conclusions: The fast flows we detect in orphan penumbrae may be caused by the siphon flow mechanism. Based on the similarities between orphan and regular penumbrae, we propose that the Evershed flow is also a manifestation of siphon flows. A movie attached to Fig. 11 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

  5. CHARCOAL PRICE ANALYSIS IN FOUR REGIONS OF MINAS GERAIS STATE-BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Pereira de Rezende

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The State of Minas Gerais is the largest producer and consumer of charcoal, that is used as term-reducer of iron ore,for producing pig iron. This study analyzed the time series of charcoal prices in four regions of Minas Gerais State. For the analysisof the price series, the SARIMA model was used, for finding a model that better forecasts prices for the four studied areas. The mostappropriate models were chosen using graphical analyses of the standardized residues, autocorrelation functions and partialautocorrelations, stochastic tests and criteria of evaluation of the order of the model. It concluded that: the differences of charcoalprices occur, basically, due to the geographical location; the analyses of domain of the time and domain of the frequency showed thatthere is difference in the price series of the four studied areas; the areas of Sete Lagoas and Belo Horizonte, giving that they are closelylocated, possess similar prices and they generated similar model; the studied areas presented differentiated models and supplied goodadjustments for the observed series. The best models were SARIMA (2,1,1x(1,0,012, for Belo Horizonte; SARIMA (2,0,0x(2,1,212,for Divinópolis; SARIMA (2,1,1x(1,0,012, for Sete Lagoas and SARIMA (1,1,1x(1,1,112, for Vertentes. Such models presented in aparsimonious way, containing a small number of parameters. All models SARIMA (p,d,q (P,D,Qs, for the four studied areas,presented white noise and supplied adequate price forecast.

  6. Campo Belo Metamorphic Complex: tectonic evolution of an Archean sialic crust of the southern São Francisco Craton in Minas Gerais (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Systematic geological studies performed in the study area allowed the characterization of six lithodemic units: three gneissic, one amphibolitic, one supracrustal and one fissure mafic. The mineral assemblage and the structural record of these lithodemic units indicate that the study area was affected by five tectonothermal events. The structural pattern of the first and oldest event occurred under granulite facies conditions and reveals essentially a sinistral kinematic pattern. The second e...

  7. A journey through the pre-Budapest-2013 k0 Users Workshops

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A short survey is given of the five meetings preceding the 6th International k0 Users Workshop that was held from 22 to 27 September in Budapest/Hungary. These predecessors were the Workshops in: Gent/Belgium (1992), Ljubljana/Slovenia (1996), Bruges/Belgium (2001), Funchal-Madeira/Portugal (2005) and Belo Horizonte/Brazil (2009). (author)

  8. Principals' Role and Public Primary Schools' Effectiveness in Four Latin American Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Joan B.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the effectiveness of observable and quantifiable traits in and approaches of school principals in enhancing student achievement. Data were gathered on 2,048 fourth-grade students in 96 public primary schools in Leon, Mexico; Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Santiago, Chile. The UNESCO/ORELAC (United…

  9. Highlights from the 1st ISCB Latin American Student Council Symposium 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Parra, R. Gonzalo; Simonetti, Franco L.; Hasenahuer, Marcia A; Olguin-Orellana, Gabriel J; Shanmugam, Avinash K

    2015-01-01

    This report summarizes the scientific content and activities of the first edition of the Latin American Symposium organized by the Student Council of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB), held in conjunction with the Third Latin American conference from the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB-LA 2014) in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on October 27, 2014.

  10. Contrasting Stories of Inclusion/Exclusion in the Chemistry Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Maria de Fatima Cardoso; Mortimer, Eduardo F.; Kelly, Gregory J.

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on the construction process of inclusion/exclusion for high school chemistry students in two schools in Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. We examined the interactional accomplishment of inclusion/exclusion of four students, two from a private school and two from a public school. The aim of this article…

  11. Biochemical Education in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vella, F.

    1988-01-01

    Described are discussions held concerning the problems of biochemical education in Brazil at a meeting of the Sociedade Brazileira de Bioquimica in April 1988. Also discussed are other visits that were made to universities in Brazil. Three major recommendations to improve the state of biochemistry education in Brazil are presented. (CW)

  12. Convergence substitution for paralysed horizontal gaze.

    OpenAIRE

    Beigi, B.; O'Keeffe, M; Logan, P; Eustace, P.

    1995-01-01

    Three patients with paralysed horizontal gaze are presented. Involuntary use of convergence to assist horizontal gaze was noted as a late feature. All patients showed (1) unilateral or bilateral horizontal gaze palsy (two patients had one and a half syndrome, the other had bilateral nuclear sixth nerve palsies), (2) adduction of both eyes on attempted gaze into the paralysed field, (3) miosis which coincided with adduction. Convergence substitution should be considered in the differential dia...

  13. Spray controller for horizontal boom movements compensation

    OpenAIRE

    El Bahir, Loussain; Lebeau, Frédéric; Destain, Marie-France; Kinnaert; Hanus, Raymond

    2002-01-01

    Longitudinal spray distribution is mainly affected by the horizontal speed variations of the nozzles. Manufacturers classically try to reduce unwanted nozzles movements using horizontal boom suspension but these methods show performance and price limitations. The purpose of this paper is to propose a spray controller aiming to compensate the effect of the horizontal boom movements on the spray distribution besides the effect of tractor speed variations. The controller is based on ...

  14. System for Estimating Horizontal Velocity During Descent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Andrew; Cheng, Yang; Wilson, Reg; Goguen, Jay; Martin, Alejandro San; Leger, Chris; Matthies, Larry

    2007-01-01

    The descent image motion estimation system (DIMES) is a system of hardware and software, designed for original use in estimating the horizontal velocity of a spacecraft descending toward a landing on Mars. The estimated horizontal velocity is used in generating rocket-firing commands to reduce the horizontal velocity as part of an overall control scheme to minimize the landing impact. DIMES can also be used for estimating the horizontal velocity of a remotely controlled or autonomous aircraft for purposes of navigation and control.

  15. Self-Reported Dental Fear among Dental Students and Their Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Freire-Maia; Isabela Pordeus; Efigenia Ferreira; Mauricio de Oliveira; Paiva, Saul M; Junia Serra-Negra

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to compare self-reported dental fear among dental students and patients at a School of Dentistry in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Eighty students ranging in age from 20 to 29 years and 80 patients ranging in age from 18 to 65 years participated in the study. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire consisting of 13 items was used for data acquisition. The city of Belo Horizonte Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) was employed for socioeconomic classification. The c...

  16. Endoscopic assisted microneurosurgery for gasserian portion of trigeminal neuroma: two cases Microneurocirurgia assistida por endoscópio para abordagem da porção gasseriana do neurinoma do trigêmeo: relato de dois casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Mendes Faleiro

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available We report two cases of trigeminal neuroma that were operated on by the neurosurgery team at Felício Rocho Hospital, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Endoscopic assisted microsurgery was the technique used to approach the gasserian region tumor with good results.Descrevemos dois casos de neurinoma do trigêmeo operados no Serviço de Neurocirurgia do Hospital Felício Rocho, Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Utilizamos com sucesso a microcirurgia assistida por endoscopia para abordagem de tumores da porção gasseriana.

  17. Estudo da relação pedomorfogeológica na distribuição de solos com horizontes B textural e B nítico na paisagem de Lavras (MG Study of the relationship pedo-geomorphological in the soil distribution with argillic horizons in the landscape of Lavras (MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilusa Pinto Coelho Lacerda

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O entendimento das relações entre geologia, geomorfologia e pedologia auxilia nas atividades de classificação dos solos e na avaliação da distribuição pedológica de uma área. Este trabalho foi motivado pela escassez de estudos dessa natureza na região de Lavras (MG, onde ocorrem várias classes de solos, relacionados com a grande variedade petrológica do material de origem e com a ocorrência de domínios geomorfológicos distintos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar as relações entre material de origem (relação pedogeológica, classes de relevo (relação pedogeomorfológica e solos com horizontes B textural e B nítico, visando propor um modelo da distribuição desses solos na paisagem de Lavras. Os solos com horizontes B textural e B nítico de ocorrência regional foram selecionados de acordo com o estádio de evolução, que permite preservar características das rochas parentais. Esses solos são desenvolvidos nessa região em relevos ondulados a forte ondulados, originando diferentes classes de solos com horizontes B textural e B nítico relacionados ao material de origem. Para desenvolvimento deste estudo, foram realizadas a interpretação petrológica do substrato rochoso e a individualização do relevo, por meio de classes de declividade. Mediante campanhas de campo, foram selecionados e caracterizados perfis representativos das principais classes dos solos em estudo e foram avaliadas as relações pedogeológicas associadas às relações pedogeomorfológicas, permitindo a proposição de um modelo preditivo de distribuição de solos com horizontes B textural e B nítico na paisagem de Lavras (MG.The understanding of the relationships between geology, geomorphology and pedology underlies activities of soil classification and the evaluation of the pedological distribution of an area. This study was motivated by the lack of reports of this nature for the region of Lavras (MG, where several soil classes occur

  18. Horizontal drilling assessment in Western Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first horizontal well was drilled in Saskatchewan in 1987. Since then, the number of horizontal wells drilled has escalated rapidly, averaging approximately 500 per year since 1993. When combined with horizontal wells drilled in Alberta, the major Canadian oil-producing province, the total number drilled in 1995 was 978. This total exceeds the National Energy Board (NEB) projected maximum of 816 wells per year. The NEB projections were based on a break-even point for the drilling of horizontal wells of a return of CDN $285,000 using a discount rate of 15%. This corresponded to a cumulative production from each individual well of some 11,000 m3. The introduction of a royalty-free production volume of 12,000 m3 per horizontal well in Saskatchewan was instrumental in stimulating the rapid expansion in the use of horizontal wells and helping Canada to exceed the forecasted drilling level. Within Saskatchewan, daily production from 1964 active horizontal wells is in excess of 20,000 m3. Comparative analysis indicates that the average daily production per well has increased from approximately by 40% with the advent of horizontal wells. In total production terms, provincial production has increased from 11.7 million cubic metres in 1989 to 20.9 million m3 in 1996. This represents an increase of almost 79% based primarily on the extensive use of horizontal wells. In 1996, horizontal wells produced 36% of the province's oil from 12% of the active wells. In the southeastern producing areas of Saskatchewan, the Williston Basin, declining oil-production has jumped 100%, with horizontal wells accounting for approximately 50% of total regional production. Pay zones in this areas, as in most of the province, tend to be relatively thin, with net pay frequently less that 5 m. The modest investment of some CDN $5 million in government research funding 10 years ago to stimulate the development of horizontal wells, combined with a favourable royalty structure, has been at least

  19. Intra-firm Horizontal Knowledge Transfer Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yaowu; WANG Yanhang

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge transfer is widely emphasized as a strategic issue for firm competition. A model for intra-firm horizontal knowledge transfer is proposed to model horizontal knowledge transfer to solve some demerits in current knowledge transfer researches. The concept model of intra-firm horizontal knowledge transfer was described and a framework was provided to define the main components of thetransfer process. Horizontal knowledge transfer is that knowledge is transferred from the source to the same hierarchical level recipients as the target. Horizontal knowledge transfer constitutes a strategic area of knowledge management research. However, little is known about the circumstances under which one particular mechanism is the most appropriate. To address these issues, some significant conclusions are drawn concerning knowledge transfer mechanisms in a real-world setting.

  20. Impacts of urban solid waste disposal on the quality of surface water in three cities of Minas Gerais - Brazil Impactos da disposição de resíduos sólidos urbanos na qualidade da água superficial em três municípios de Minas Gerais - Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Rosângela Francisca de Paula Vitor Marques; Antônio Marciano da Silva; Luciano dos Santos Rodrigues; Gilberto Coelho

    2012-01-01

    The environmental impact of three different urban solid waste facilities (USWF) on the quality of the surface water. The studied areas were the Campo Belo sanitary landfill (Varões River), the controlled landfill of Santo Antônio do Amparo (Fabiano River), and the closed dump of Elói Mendes (Mutuca River), which are cities located in southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil were evaluated. At each sampling point water samples were collected at five occasions in the raining season (October - March)...

  1. Family Ties and Labor Markets in the United States and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    David Lam; Schoeni, Robert F.

    1994-01-01

    We use comparable surveys from Brazil and the United States to examine "vertical" and "horizontal" connections between families. Motivated by a model of assortative mating and intergenerational transmission of schooling and earnings, we include the schooling of relatives in male wage equations. We find that the effect of father-in-law's schooling is larger than the effect of father's schooling in Brazil, while the opposite is observed in the United States. We interpret these effects as indica...

  2. Tendência da mortalidade por doenças do aparelho circulatório no Brasil: 1950 a 2000 Tendencia de la mortalidad por enfermedades del aparato circulatorio en Brasil: 1950 a 2000 Mortality trends due to circulatory system diseases in Brazil: 1950 to 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse

    2009-11-01

    , Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo presented elevated Standardized Mortality Ratios, however with a decreasing trend (p<0.05 and p<0.10, since the start of the analyzed period. CONCLUSION: The behavior of the risk of death due to CAD suggests that this group of diseases is the first to be established, following the increase in industrialization observed from the thirties onward and after the Second World War in Brazil, as it occurred in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, cities that historically experienced a process of development and urbanization earlier and at a higher extent, when compared to the other capital cities.

  3. Autonomia, gênero e gravidez na adolescência: uma análise comparativa da experiência de adolescentes e mulheres jovens provenientes de camadas médias e populares em Belo Horizonte Autonomía, género y embarazo en la adolescencia: un análisis comparativo de la experiencia de adolescentes y mujeres jóvenes provenientes de capas medias y populares en Belo Horizonte Self-sufficiency, gender and pregnancy during adolescence: a comparative analysis of the experience of adolescents and young women from middle class and popular strata of the city of Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Sampaio Chacham; Mônica Bara Maia; Malco Braga Camargo

    2012-01-01

    Neste trabalho, investiga-se como desigualdades de classe e de gênero atuam no sentido de reduzir o grau de autonomia de adolescentes (15 a 19 anos) e mulheres jovens (20 a 24 anos), influenciando seu comportamento sexual e reprodutivo, especificamente na experiência da gravidez na adolescência. Na análise foram utilizados dados provenientes de dois inquéritos, cuja amostra total foi de 648 jovens do sexo feminino entre 15 e 24 anos de idade, 292 residentes em bairros de classe média e 356 em...

  4. Optimizing of Culture Conditionin Horizontal Rotating Bioreactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    1 IntroductionBioreactor is the most important equipment in tissue engineering. It can mimic the micro-environment of cell growth in vitro. At present, horizontal rotating bioreactor is the most advanced equipment for cell culture in the world. 2 Rotating bioreactors2.1 Working principleThere are two kinds of horizontal rotating bioreactor: HARV(high aspect ratio vessel) and RCCS (rotary cell culture system). It is drived by step motor with horizontal rotation, the culture medium and cell is filled between ...

  5. Horizontal gene transfer and bacterial diversity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chitra Dutta; Archana Pan

    2002-02-01

    Bacterial genomes are extremely dynamic and mosaic in nature. A substantial amount of genetic information is inserted into or deleted from such genomes through the process of horizontal transfer. Through the introduction of novel physiological traits from distantly related organisms, horizontal gene transfer often causes drastic changes in the ecological and pathogenic character of bacterial species and thereby promotes microbial diversification and speciation. This review discusses how the recent influx of complete chromosomal sequences of various microorganisms has allowed for a quantitative assessment of the scope, rate and impact of horizontally transmitted information on microbial evolution.

  6. Radiopharmacy education in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ralph Santos-Oliveira; Marta De Souza Albernaz

    2014-01-01

    The number of schools of pharmacy has been increasing each year in Brazil. From 2002 to 2013 over 300 new schools were opened in Brazil with a final number of 415 schools of pharmacy in operation around the country. Of these schools, only 28 schools offer a course in radiopharmacy (7.77%). However, the demand for such trained professionals has grown exponentially in Brazil, especially following amendment 49 (February 2006) that broke the monopoly on the production, distribution, and marketing...

  7. Estimating the cost savings and avoided CO2 emissions in Brazil by implementing energy efficient policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investing more in renewable energy sources and using this in a rational and efficient way is vital for the sustainable growth of world. Energy efficiency (EE) will play an increasingly important role in future generations. The aim of this work is to estimate how much the PNEf (National Plan for Energy Efficiency) launched by the Brazilian government in 2011 will save over the next 5 years by avoiding the construction of additional power plants, as well as the amount of the CO2 emission. The marginal operating cost is computed for medium term planning of the dispatching of power plants in the hydro-thermal system using Stochastic Dynamic Dual Programming, after incorporating stochastic energy efficiencies into the demand for electricity. We demonstrate that even for a modest improvement in energy efficiency (<1% per year), the savings over the next 5 years range from R$ 237 million in the conservative scenario to R$ 268 million in the optimistic scenario. By comparison the new Belo Monte hydro-electric plant will cost R$ 26 billion to be repaid over a 30 year period (i.e. R$ 867 million in 5 years). So in Brazil EE policies are preferable to building a new power plant. - Highlights: • It is preferable to invest in energy efficiency than to construct a big power plant. • An increase of energy efficiency policies would reduce the operating cost in Brazil. • We have a great reduction of CO2eq emissions by means of energy efficiency policies

  8. High hydraulic performance in horizontal waterwheels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pujol, T.; Montoro, L. [Area de Mecnica de Fluids, Escola Politcnica Superior, Universitat de Girona, 17071 Girona, Catalonia (Spain)

    2010-11-15

    Slow rotating waterwheels have been recently proposed as affordable sources of renewable energy in rural areas. In terms of hydraulic efficiency, classical horizontal waterwheels reach values on the order of 50%, being well below those obtained from overshot (71%), waterfall (66%) and, even, undershot (65%) vertical ones. Based on the study of an horizontal waterwheel built prior to 1940s that includes features from both elementary turbines and antique waterwheels, we conclude that horizontal waterwheels may actually reach hydraulic efficiencies as high as 81%. These quantitative results are obtained by analytical approximations and, more important, by numerical integrations through accurate computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. In addition, we show that such a high hydraulic efficiency does not substantially vary when changing the net available head. We suggest that this relevant progress made on improving the efficiency of classical horizontal waterwheels may have implications in future designs of nano/micro hydropower devices. (author)

  9. Horizontal Evaluation: Stimulating social learning among peers

    OpenAIRE

    Thiele, Graham; Devaux, Andre; Velasco, Claudio; Manrique, Kurt

    2006-01-01

    Horizontal evaluation is a flexible evaluation method that combines self-assessment and external review by peers. We have developed and applied this method for use within an Andean regional network that develops new methodologies for research and development (R&D). The involvement of peers neutralizes the lopsided power relations that prevail in traditional external evaluations, creating a more favourable atmosphere for learning and improvement. The central element of a horizontal evaluation ...

  10. HORIZONTAL WELL DRILL-IN FLUIDS

    OpenAIRE

    Nediljka Gaurina-Međimurec

    1998-01-01

    Main objective of horizontal driling is to place a drain-hole for a long distance within the pay zone to enhance productivity or injectivity. In drilling horizontal wells, more serious problems appear than in drilling vertical wells. These problems are: poor hole cleaning, excessive torque and drag, hole filling, pipe stucking, wellbore instability, loss of circulation, formation damage, poor cement job, and difficulties at logging jobs. From that reason, successful drilling and production of...

  11. In Situ Remediation using Horizontal Wells

    OpenAIRE

    ECT Team, Purdue

    2007-01-01

    Horizontal well technology has been widely used in petroleum and underground utility installation. Since late 1980's, the technology has been adapted for environmental remediation applications. Two general methods in drilling horizontal wells have been used in remediation, trenched and directionally-drilled. The first method involves the excavation of a relatively large diameter borehole, with simultaneous installation of well materials and backfill. The second method, directional drilling, p...

  12. CORRECTED CALCULATION OF HORIZONTAL GATING SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Zayatz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the course of fulfillment of work the specified calculations of horizontal gating systems for various parts produced in dispensable molds were carried out. The results of work showed that the weight removal value in gating systems fluctuates in big intervals and the specified calculation of horizontal gating systems enables to calculate precisely their weight that allows to calculate quantity of metal in metal charge.

  13. Horizontal Brand Extension and Customer perception

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Khalid; Janthimapornkij, Rattanawilai

    2011-01-01

    Company use different method for extended their business to different market and to different segment. They use different method; brand extension is one of popular strategy for extension of business. Brand extension does not become successful for every brand, it is very risky. The purpose of this thesis is to study horizontal brand extension and customer perception. We will discuss horizontal brand extension and its two main types franchise brand extension and line extension. Brand extension ...

  14. Emotion recognition (sometimes) depends on horizontal orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Huynh, Carol M; Balas, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Face recognition depends critically on horizontal orientations (Goffaux & Dakin, 2010). Face images that lack horizontal features are harder to recognize than those that have that information preserved. Presently, we asked if facial emotional recognition also exhibits this dependency by asking observers to categorize orientation-filtered happy and sad expressions. Furthermore, we aimed to dissociate image-based orientation energy from object-based orientation by rotating images 90-degrees in ...

  15. Emotion recognition (sometimes) depends on horizontal orientations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huynh, Carol M; Balas, Benjamin

    2014-07-01

    Face recognition depends critically on horizontal orientations (Goffaux & Dakin, Frontiers in Psychology, 1(143), 1-14, 2010): Face images that lack horizontal features are harder to recognize than those that have this information preserved. We asked whether facial emotional recognition also exhibits this dependency by asking observers to categorize orientation-filtered happy and sad expressions. Furthermore, we aimed to dissociate image-based orientation energy from object-based orientation by rotating images 90 deg in the picture plane. In our first experiment, we showed that the perception of emotional expression does depend on horizontal orientations, and that object-based orientation constrained performance more than image-based orientation did. In Experiment 2, we showed that mouth openness (i.e., open vs. closed mouths) also influenced the emotion-dependent reliance on horizontal information. Finally, we describe a simple computational analysis that demonstrates that the impact of mouth openness was not predicted by variation in the distribution of orientation energy across horizontal and vertical orientation bands. Overall, our results suggest that emotion recognition largely does depend on horizontal information defined relative to the face, but that this bias is modulated by multiple factors that introduce variation in appearance across and within distinct emotions. PMID:24664854

  16. Prevalence of self-reported smoking experimentation in adolescents with asthma or allergic rhinitis

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia de Sousa Campos Fernandes; Cláudia Ribeiro de Andrade; Alessandra Pinheiro Caminhas; Paulo Augusto Moreira Camargos; Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of smoking experimentation among adolescents with asthma or allergic rhinitis. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving adolescent students (13-14 years of age) in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The participants completed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaires, both of which have been validated for use in Brazil. We calculated the prevalence of smoking ...

  17. Instrument processing: knowledge and practice among manicurists/pedicurists Processamento de instrumentos: conhecimento e prática entre manicures/pedicures

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Ladeira Garbaccio; Adriana Cristina Oliveira; Amanda Laís Gonçalves Gama

    2016-01-01

    Objective: to evaluate the knowledge and practices of instrument processing by manicurists/pedicurists in beauty salons in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Method: This was a survey-type cross-sectional research with manicurists/pedicurists, between June 2012 and March 2013 in 235 beauty salons in Brazil. The answers were categorized using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, by means of descriptive statistics, Pearson’s Chi-Squared or Fisher’s exact tests, and multivariate bin...

  18. Horizontal alveolar bone loss: A periodontal orphan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayakumar A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Attempts to successfully regenerate lost alveolar bone have always been a clinician′s dream. Angular defects, at least, have a fairer chance, but the same cannot be said about horizontal bone loss. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of horizontal alveolar bone loss and vertical bone defects in periodontal patients; and later, to correlate it with the treatment modalities available in the literature for horizontal and vertical bone defects. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in two parts. Part I was the radiographic evaluation of 150 orthopantomographs (OPGs (of patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and seeking periodontal care, which were digitized and read using the AutoCAD 2006 software. All the periodontitis-affected teeth were categorized as teeth with vertical defects (if the defect angle was ≤45° and defect depth was ≥3 mm or as having horizontal bone loss. Part II of the study comprised search of the literature on treatment modalities for horizontal and vertical bone loss in four selected periodontal journals. Results: Out of the 150 OPGs studied, 54 (36% OPGs showed one or more vertical defects. Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2% teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8% of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001. Search of the selected journals revealed 477 papers have addressed the treatment modalities for vertical and horizontal types of bone loss specifically. Out of the 477 papers, 461 (96.3% have addressed vertical bone loss, and 18 (3.7% have addressed treatment options for horizontal bone loss. Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories. Conclusion: Horizontal bone loss is more prevalent than vertical bone loss but has been sidelined by researchers as very few papers have been published on the subject of regenerative treatment

  19. HORIZONTAL WELL DRILL-IN FLUIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nediljka Gaurina-Međimurec

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Main objective of horizontal driling is to place a drain-hole for a long distance within the pay zone to enhance productivity or injectivity. In drilling horizontal wells, more serious problems appear than in drilling vertical wells. These problems are: poor hole cleaning, excessive torque and drag, hole filling, pipe stucking, wellbore instability, loss of circulation, formation damage, poor cement job, and difficulties at logging jobs. From that reason, successful drilling and production of horizontal well depends largely on the fluid used during drilling and completion phases. Several new fluids, that fulfill some or all of required properties (hole cleaning, cutting suspension, good lubrication, and relative low formation damage, are presented in this paper.

  20. Horizontal stirring in the global ocean

    CERN Document Server

    Hernández-Carrasco, I; Hernández-García, E; Turiel, A

    2011-01-01

    Horizontal mixing and the distribution of coherent structures in the global ocean are analyzed using Finite-Size Lyapunov Exponents (FSLE), computed for the surface velocity field derived from the Ocean general circulation model For the Earth Simulator (OFES). FSLEs measure horizontal stirring and dispersion; additionally, the transport barriers which organize the oceanic flow can roughly be identified with the ridges of the FSLE field. We have performed a detailed statistical study, particularizing for the behaviour of the two hemispheres and different ocean basins. The computed Probability Distributions Functions (PDFs) of FSLE are broad and asymmetric. Horizontal mixing is generally more active in the northern hemisphere than in the southern one. Nevertheless the Southern Ocean is the most active ocean, and the Pacific the less active one. A striking result is that the main currents can be classified in two 'activity classes': Western Boundary Currents, which have broad PDFs with large FSLE values, and Eas...

  1. Diffuser Augmented Horizontal Axis Tidal Current Turbines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasir Mehmood

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The renewal energy technologies are increasingly popular to ensure future energy sustenance and address environmental issues. The tides are enormous and consistent untapped resource of renewable energy. The growing interest in exploring tidal energy has compelling reasons such as security and diversity of supply, intermittent but predictable and limited social and environmental impacts. The tidal energy industry is undergoing an increasing shift towards diffuser augmented turbines. The reason is the higher power output of diffuser augmented turbines compared to conventional open turbines. The purpose of this study is to present a comprehensive review of diffuser augmented horizontal axis tidal current turbines. The components, relative advantages, limitations and design parameters of diffuser augmented horizontal axis tidal current turbines are presented in detail. CFD simulation of NACA 0016 airfoil is carried out to explore its potential for designing a diffuser. The core issues associated with diffuser augmented horizontal axis tidal current turbines are also discussed.

  2. Holographic Charge Excitations on Horizontal Boundary

    CERN Document Server

    Hotta, M

    2002-01-01

    We argue that states with nontrivial horizontal charges of BTZ black hole can be excited by ordinary falling matter including Hawking radiation. The matter effect does not break the integrability condition of the charges on the horizon. Thus we are able to trace the proccesses in which the matter imprints the information on the horizon by use of the charged states. It is naturally expected that in the thermal equilibrium with the Hawking radiation the black hole wanders ergodically through different horizontal states due to thermal fluctuation of incoming matter. This fact strengthens plausibility of the basic part of Carlip's idea. We also discuss some aspects of the quantum horizontal symmetry and conjecture how the precise black hole entropy will be given from our point of view.

  3. Brazil : Eradicating Child Labor in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2001-01-01

    The report reviews evidence of child labor in Brazil, and the Government's efforts to eradicate its worst forms, by examining background assessments of ongoing programs for its prevention. It seeks to identify promising strategies, addressing the needs of highly vulnerable children in urban areas, engaged in activities such as drug commerce, prostitution, or other dangerous activities. One...

  4. Focus on Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-11-01

    Brazil, the largest country in South America with a population of almost 140 million, has been plagued since the early 1980s by high foreign debt (approximately US$121 billion at present) and hyperinflation (nearly 600 percent over the past 12 months). These factors, in combination with the slower than anticipated growth in electricity demand, have been instrumental in curtailing nuclear power development in the country. Following recommendations advanced in a commissioned study for improving Brazil`s nuclear program, Brazilian President Jose Sarney announced on August 31st the restructuring of the country`s nuclear industry.

  5. Fourth international seminar on horizontal steam generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tuomisto, H. [ed.] [IVO Group, Vantaa (Finland); Purhonen, H. [ed.] [VTT, Espoo (Finland); Kouhia, V. [ed.] [Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology (Finland)

    1997-12-31

    The general objective of the International Seminars of Horizontal Steam Generator Modelling has been the improvement in understanding of realistic thermal hydraulic behaviour of the generators when performing safety analyses for VVER reactors. The main topics presented in the fourth seminar were: thermal hydraulic experiments and analyses, primary collector integrity, feedwater distributor replacement, management of primary-to-secondary leakage accidents and new developments in the VVER safety technology. The number of participants, representing designers and manufacturers of the horizontal steam generators, plant operators, engineering companies, research organizations, universities and regulatory authorities, was 70 from 10 countries.

  6. Causes and characteristics of horizontal positional nystagmus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechner, Corinna; Taylor, Rachael L; Todd, Chris; Macdougall, Hamish; Yavor, Robbie; Halmagyi, G Michael; Welgampola, Miriam S

    2014-05-01

    Direction changing horizontal positional nystagmus can be observed in a variety of central and peripheral vestibular disorders. We tested sixty subjects with horizontal positional nystagmus and vertigo on the Epley Omniax(®) rotator. Monocular video recordings were performed with the right or left ear down, in the supine and prone positions. Nystagmus slow-phase velocity (SPV) was plotted as a function of time. Thirty-one subjects diagnosed with horizontal canalolithiasis had paroxysmal horizontal geotropic nystagmus with the affected ear down (onset 0.8 ± 1 s, range 0-4.9 s, duration 11.7-47.9 s, peak SPV 79 ± 67°/s). The SPV peaked at 5-20 s and declined to 0 by 60 s; at 40 s from onset, the average SPV was 1.8 % of the peak. Nine subjects diagnosed with cupulolithiasis had persistent apogeotropic horizontal nystagmus (onset 0.7 ± 1.4 s, range 0-4.3 s). Peak SPV was 54.2 ± 31.8°/s and 26.6 ± 12.2°/s with unaffected and affected ears down, respectively. At 40 s, the average SPV had decayed to only 81 % (unaffected ear down) and 65 % (affected ear down) of the peak. Twenty subjects were diagnosed with disorders other than benign positional vertigo (BPV) [vestibular migraine (VM), Ménière's Disease, vestibular schwannoma, unilateral or bilateral peripheral vestibular loss]. Subjects with VM (n = 13) had persistent geotropic or apogeotropic horizontal nystagmus. On average, at 40 s from nystagmus onset, the SPV was 61 % of the peak. Two patients with Ménière's Disease had persistent apogeotropic horizontal nystagmus; the peak SPV at 40 s ranged between 28.6 and 49.5 % of the peak. Symptomatic horizontal positional nystagmus can be observed in canalolithiasis, cupulolithiasis and diverse central and peripheral vestibulopathies; its temporal and intensity profile could be helpful in the separation of these entities. PMID:24676938

  7. Fourth international seminar on horizontal steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general objective of the International Seminars of Horizontal Steam Generator Modelling has been the improvement in understanding of realistic thermal hydraulic behaviour of the generators when performing safety analyses for VVER reactors. The main topics presented in the fourth seminar were: thermal hydraulic experiments and analyses, primary collector integrity, feedwater distributor replacement, management of primary-to-secondary leakage accidents and new developments in the VVER safety technology. The number of participants, representing designers and manufacturers of the horizontal steam generators, plant operators, engineering companies, research organizations, universities and regulatory authorities, was 70 from 10 countries

  8. 'Culture and memory of the Sto. Antonio do Morro Grande/MG Quilombola community' program - case study: environmental licensing progress for the Rio de Janeiro-Belo Horizonte Gas Pipeline (GASBEL II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismerio, Marcia [Pallos Environmental Consulting, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (United States); Bartolini, Marcia [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The 'Culture and Memory of the Sto. Antonio do Morro Grande Quilombola Community' Program was included in the environmental licensing process of the Rio de Janeiro-Minas Gerais gas pipeline ('GASBEL II'), as requested by the Palmares Cultural Foundation (Fundacao Cultural Palmares), which stipulates the elaboration and implementation of this program as a condition for obtaining the installation license. To develop the program and submit it to this institution, we used methodological procedures in the form of an anthropological social research, such as: interviews with the community's older or most active residents, and a preliminary recognition of the territory and the local culture; all in order to learn more about the community's history and current needs and to identify the remaining 'quilombolas' still living in the community. Analyzing the information raised the need for guided actions designed to rescue the community's cultural memory as an ethnic group and to contribute to its process of affirmation as a Traditional Rural 'Quilombola' Community. This led to the creation of the proposed 'Culture and Memory of the Sto. Antonio do Morro Grande Quilombola Community' Program, currently being developed for the Quilombola Community located in Ressaquinha, in the State of Minas Gerais. (author)

  9. Iniciativas startups: as contribuições do Programa Startups and Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Development (SEED), do governo do Estado de Minas Gerais, para o ecossitema local da cidade de Belo Horizonte: um estudo de caso

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Vanessa Aparecida

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Gestão O estudo do empreendedorismo e sua contribuição para o desenvolvimento econômico e social, tanto no Brasil quanto em outros países, tem sido constante ao longo dos últimos anos. A inovação tecnológica pode ser considerada a variável mais explorada no contexto investigativo na busca de soluções com diferenciais competitivos e é nesse cenário de grande competição que surgem novos empreendedores em busca de uma oportunidade. Nessa perspectiva, é de suma impor...

  10. Democracia e participação ao nível local: o poder político e o orçamento participativo, o caso de Belo Horizonte e Palmela

    OpenAIRE

    Granado, Cristina

    2010-01-01

    Doutoramento em Sociologia A dissertação parte do debate teórico em torno da democracia, privilegiando neste debate as formas de participação nos processos de produção de uma legitimidade pública do poder político. Discute-se as políticas de participação ao nível municipal analisando o poder local como instrumento para re-problematizar o pensamento político, ensaiar novas experiências de desenvolvimento e novas responsabilidades de democratização. Faz-se o enquadramento histórico, político...

  11. Cues for localization in the horizontal plane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Jakob; Møller, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    manipulated in HRTFs used for binaural synthesis of sound in the horizontal plane. The manipulation of cues resulted in HRTFs with cues ranging from correct combinations of spectral information and ITDs to combinations with severely conflicting cues. Both the ITD and the spectral information seem to be...

  12. Stabilities of Parallel Flow and Horizontal Convection

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Liang

    2009-01-01

    In the first part, the stability of two-dimensional parallel flow is discussed. A more restrictively general stability criterion for inviscid parallel flow is obtained analytically. In the second part, we report the numerical simulations of the partial-penetrating flow in horizontal convection within a squire cavity tank at high Rayleigh numbers $10^7

  13. Comparing cost and performance of horizontal wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pocovi, A.S.; Gustavino, L.L. (Gerencia de Mineria y Geologica de Exploracion, YPF (AR)); Pozzo, A.; Musmarra, J.A. (Gerencia General de Exploracion, YPF, Buenos Aires (AR))

    1991-02-01

    Argentina's state oil company, YPF, was forced through technical and economic constraints to undertake a four-well pilot horizontal drilling program in its Neuquen fields. This article discusses techniques used, the results and costs, and compares them to costs incurred by the area's original vertical wells.

  14. Terrain slugging in near horizontal oilwells

    OpenAIRE

    Fozard, J.

    2001-01-01

    In this thesis we consider the problem of terrain slugging in near horizontal producing wells. We formulate a simple model for stratified two-phase flow, and consider the linear stability of steady states. We then study the possibility of the formation of roll waves, and make a tentative attempt at a resolution of the problem.

  15. Horizontal Axis Levitron--A Physics Demonstration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelis, Max M.

    2014-01-01

    After a brief history of the Levitron, the first horizontal axis Levitron is reported. Because it is easy to operate, it lends itself to educational physics experiments and analogies. Precession and nutation are visualized by reflecting the beam from a laser pointer off the "spignet". Precession is fundamental to nuclear magnetic…

  16. Buoyancy Driven Natural Ventilation through Horizontal Openings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Per; Li, Zhigang

    2009-01-01

    An experimental study of the phenomenon of buoyancy driven natural ventilation through single-sided horizontal openings was performed in a full-scale laboratory test rig. The measurements were made for opening ratios L/D ranging from 0.027 to 4.455, where L and D are the length of the opening and...

  17. Third international seminar on horizontal steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Third International Seminar on Horizontal Steam Generators held on October 18-20, 1994 in Lappeenranta, consisted of six sessions dealing with the topics: thermal hydraulic experiments and analyses, primary collector integrity, management of primary-to-secondary leakage accidents, feedwater collector replacement and discussion of VVER-440 steam generator safety issues

  18. Evaluation of horizontal magnification on panoramic images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Raoof

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: This study evaluated the horizontal magnification of images taken from adults and pediatrics with PM 2002 CC Planmeca analogue machine. Materials and Methods: A series of 120 panoramic radiographs were obtained of 60 adults and 60 pediatrics. For all patients, negative impressions were used to make positive casts of the teeth. A caliper was used to measure the maximum mesiodistal length of the buccal surface of all teeth except canines on both casts and radiographs. The horizontal magnification factor was calculated for incisor, premolar, and molar regions by dividing the values obtained from the casts by the values obtained from the radiographs. Statistical Analysis: Independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA were used. Results: The results indicated that with regard to adults, maxillary and mandibular incisor regions, unlike the other two sessions, didn′t show significant difference of the mean magnification of horizontal dimension (P = 0.5. In pediatrics, the comparison between mean magnification factors of all subgroups showed significant difference (P < 0.0001. Despite the adults′ radiographs, the results of pediatrics′ radiographs showed significantly higher magnification than the index listed by the manufacturer of the radiographic machine used. Conclusion: The present study results point to the fact that PM 2002 CC Proline panoramic machine makes possible precise measurements on radiographs of adults′ jaws in the horizontal dimension.

  19. Third international seminar on horizontal steam generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The Third International Seminar on Horizontal Steam Generators held on October 18-20, 1994 in Lappeenranta, consisted of six sessions dealing with the topics: thermal hydraulic experiments and analyses, primary collector integrity, management of primary-to-secondary leakage accidents, feedwater collector replacement and discussion of VVER-440 steam generator safety issues.

  20. Parametric study for horizontal steam generator modelling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ovtcharova, I. [Energoproekt, Sofia (Bulgaria)

    1995-12-31

    In the presentation some of the calculated results of horizontal steam generator PGV - 440 modelling with RELAP5/Mod3 are described. Two nodalization schemes have been used with different components in the steam dome. A study of parameters variation on the steam generator work and calculated results is made in cases with separator and branch.

  1. Flow mapping for ESS horizontal target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takeda, Y.; Kikura, H.; Taishi, T. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1997-09-01

    Flow behaviour for ESS horizontal target is studied experimentally using two dimensional water model. A velocity field of stationary flow in reaction zone has been obtained. Three dimensional effect was also studied as a spanwise flow structure. (author) 3 figs., 3 refs.

  2. Horizontally separated 1-in-1 crossing insertions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Syphers, M.J. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)

    1985-10-01

    Previous to this workshop, realistic lattices have been developed for vertically separated l-in-l (e.g., D.E. Johnson, A.A. Garren) and 2-in-1 (e.g., S. Heifets) magnets as well as for horizontally separated 2-in-l magnets (e.g., SSC RDS). Bringing together the widely separated ({approximately}60-70 cm) beams in a reasonable length of tunnel and keeping the dispersion zero at the interaction point has been difficult in the vertical l-in-l case. Most designs have required spacial 2-in-1 quadrupoles near the interaction point where the beams are separated by 15 cm or less. It is not clear that such magnets, as dictated by some of these lattice designs, can easily be built. The purpose of this exercise is to provide a crossing insertion for a realistic lattice which involves horizontally separated l-in-l magnets. The following horizontal crossing insertions, which incorporate the dispersion suppressors and phase trombones into the major arcs, need no special 2-in-1 magnets near the interaction point. The dispersion at the IP created by the horizontal crossing can be cancelled by the dispersion suppressor and one set of triplets.

  3. Energy in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To prepare the Gross Domestic Product increase of 4 % in the next years, it is necessary to increase the capacity in Brazil. The government decided actions in favor of the installed capacity growth speeding up and planed investments. This document takes stock on the energy situation in Brazil, the human, political and geographical constraints and the decided measures in favor the energy development. (A.L.B.)

  4. Brazil Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroga, Jose; Brooks, Jonathan; Melyukhina, Olga

    2005-01-01

    In June 2005, OECD members met with senior government officials from Brazil to discuss Brazilian agricultural policies and future directions, as a part of a comprehensive agricultural policy review. Ongoing dialogue with Brazil on policy issues is important to fostering a better understanding of global challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. Results of the review will be published by the OECD in 2005. This policy note provides a preview of key findings.

  5. Allelopathic research in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Reigosa; Anabele Stefânia Gomes; Alfredo Gui Ferreira; Fabian Borghetti

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we review allelopathy studies conducted in Brazil or involving plant species that occur in the country. Conceptions and misconceptions associated with allelopathy, as well as some international criteria to be applied in allelopathic research, are presented and discussed. We observed a sharp increase in the number of papers on this subject conducted in Brazil between 1991 and 2010. However, most studies are conducted under laboratory conditions, lack a clear hypothesis or a so...

  6. Uranium deposits of Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brazil is a country of vast natural resources, including numerous uranium deposits. In support of the country's nuclear power program, Brazil has developed the most active uranium industry in South America. Brazil has one operating reactor (Angra 1, a 626-MWe PWR), and two under construction. The country's economic challenges have slowed the progress of its nuclear program. At present, the Pocos de Caldas district is the only active uranium production. In 1990, the Cercado open-pit mine produced approximately 45 metric tons (MT) U3O8 (100 thousand pounds). Brazil's state-owned uranium production and processing company, Uranio do Brasil, announced it has decided to begin shifting its production from the high-cost and nearly depleted deposits at Pocos de Caldas, to lower-cost reserves at Lagoa Real. Production at Lagoa Real is schedules to begin by 1993. In addition to these two districts, Brazil has many other known uranium deposits, and as a whole, it is estimated that Brazil has over 275,000 MT U3O8 (600 million pounds U3O8) in reserves

  7. Cirurgia colorretal videolaparoscópica: experiência inicial na abordagem de 90 pacientes, no Programa de Pós-graduação sensu lato (residência e especialização em Coloproctologia, pelo Grupo de Coloproctologia de Belo Horizonte Videolaparoscopic colorectal surgery: initial report of surgical approach of 90 patients in a Postgraduate Program (residency in Coloproctology by the Group of Coloproctology of Belo Horizonte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Barros Lima Junior

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi proceder a uma revisão criteriosa de uma casuística de 90 pacientes submetidos às ressecções colorretais por via videolaparoscópica no decurso de 12 meses (maio de 2009 a maio de 2010. A média etária foi de 62,1 anos, com extremos de 20 e 93 anos, sendo a maioria dos pacientes do sexo feminino (52; 57,8%. O diagnóstico mais comum foi câncer colorretal, com 60 casos (66,7%, seguido pelos pólipos colorretais, com 12 casos (13,4%, doença diverticular, com sete casos (7,8%, e outros diagnósticos, com 11 casos (12,1%. O preparo intestinal mais realizado foi com o Picolax (53 casos; 58,9%; 76 pacientes foram submetidos à colonoscopia e biópsia (84,4%. As cirurgias mais realizadas foram as retossigmoidectomias (54 casos; 60,0%, seguidas pelas hemicolectomias direitas (20 casos; 22,2%. O tempo de execução da maioria das cirurgias foi entre duas e três horas (34 casos; 37,8% e entre três e quatro horas (24 casos, 26,7%, com média de 203 minutos. Em 81 casos, houve anastomoses (90,0%, a maioria mecânica intra-abdominal (55,6% e manual extra-abdominal (25 casos; 27,8%, tendo sido o conjunto de grampeadores circulares e lineares articulados os recursos mais utilizados (50 casos; 55,6%. O eletrocautério foi usado em 68 pacientes (75,6%. A incisão abdominal mais usada foi a de Mallard (39 casos, 43,4% e a mediana (22 casos; 24,4%, sendo as extensões mais comuns entre 6 e 10 cm (55 casos; 78,6%. Houve 12 intercorrências peroperatórias (13,2%, que levaram a conversões para laparotomia. A média de dimensões das peças cirúrgicas foi 33,2 cm, a maioria entre 21 e 30 cm (51 casos, 56,8%. Houve 13 complicações pós-operatórias (14,4%, 11 delas cirúrgicas (12,2% e duas clínicas (2,2%, das quais decorreram três óbitos, sendo dois cirúrgicos e um clínico. O tempo médio de internamento foi de 5,3 dias, tendo sido 57 (63,3% a até cinco dias. Foram para o CTI 28 pacientes (31,1%, sobretudo por conta de comorbidades (22 casos; 24,4%. A liberação de dieta oral foi de um dia para 49 pacientes (54,5%. Os autores comparam os resultados com a bibliografia correlata.The objective was to undertake a careful review of a sample of 90 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resections through the course of 12 months (May 2009 to May 2010. The average age was 62.1 years, with extremes of 20 and 93 years, mostly female (52 patients; 57.8%. Bowel preparation was performed with Picolax in 53 patients (58.9%; 76 patients underwent colonoscopy and biopsy (84.4%. Colorectal cancer was the most common disease (60 cases; 66.7%, followed by polyps (12 cases; 13.4%, diverticular disease (7 cases; 7.8% and other diseases (11 cases; 12,1%. The surgeries performed were retosigmoidectomy (54 cases; 60.0%, followed by right hemicolectomy (20 cases; 22.2% and others. Most of the surgeries were carried out between 2 and 3 hours (34 cases; 37.8% and between 3 and 4 hours (24 cases; 26.7%, with an average of 203 minutes. In 81 cases, there were anastomosis (90.0%, most mechanical intra-abdominal (55.6% and manual extra-abdominal (25 cases, 27.8%, being the set of circular and linear articulated staplers the most commonly used features (50 cases, 55.6%. Electrocautery was used in 68 patients (75.6%. The most used abdominal incision was Mallard incision (39 cases; 43.4% and median incision (22 cases; 24.4%, being the most common extensions between 6.0 and 10.0 cm (55 cases; 78.6%. There were 12 postoperative complications (13.2%, leading to conversions to laparotomy. The average size of surgical specimens was 33.2 cm, mostly between 21 and 30 cm (51 cases; 56.8%. There were 13 postoperative complications (14.4%, being 11 surgical (12.2% and two clinics (2.2% of which took place three deaths, being two from surgery and one from comorbidities. The mean length of hospital stay was 5.3 days, and 57 patients (63.3% up to 5 days. 28 patients were admitted in the ICU (31.1%, mainly because of comorbidities (22 cases; 24.4%. The release of oral intake was a day for 49 patients (54.5%. The authors compare the results with related literature and confirm the similarities.

  8. Assessment of the discharge regime and water budget of Belo Vrelo (source of the Tolišnica River, central Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čokorilo-Ilić Marina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A sufficiently long spring discharge regime monitoring data set allows for a large number of analyses, to better understand the process of transformation of precipitation into a discharge hydrograph. It is also possible to determine dynamic groundwater volumes in a karst spring catchment area, the water budget equation parameters and the like. It should be noted that a sufficiently long data set is deemed to be a continuous spring discharge time series of more than 30 years. Such time series are rare in Serbia. They are generally much shorter (less than 15 years, and the respective catchment areas therefore fall into the “ungauged” category. In order to extend existing karst spring discharge time series, we developed a model whose outputs, apart from mean monthly spring discharges, include daily real evapotranspiration rates, catchment size and dynamic volume variation during the analytical period. So far the model has solely been used to assess the discharge regime and water budget of karst springs. The present paper aims to demonstrate that the model also yields good results in the case of springs that drain aquifers developed in marbles. Belo Vrelo (“White Spring”, source of the Tolišnica River, which drains marbles and marbleized limestones and dolomites of Čemerno Mountain, was selected for the present case study. [OI-176022

  9. Articulating Support for Horizontal Resistive Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundo, Daniel; Schaffner, Grant; Bentley, Jason; Loehr, James A.

    2005-01-01

    A versatile mechanical device provides support for a user engaged in any of a variety of resistive exercises in a substantially horizontal orientation. The unique features and versatility of the device promise to be useful in bedrest studies, rehabilitation, and specialized strength training. The device affords a capability for selectively loading and unloading of portions of the user s body through its support mechanisms, so that specific parts of the body can be trained with little or no effect on other parts that may be disabled or in the process of recovery from injury. Thus, the device is ideal for rehabilitation exercise programs prescribed by physicians and physical therapists. The capability for selective loading and support also offers potential benefits to strength and conditioning trainers and athletes who wish to selectively strengthen selected parts. The principal innovative aspect of the device is that it supports the subject s weight while enabling the subject, lying substantially horizontally, to perform an exercise that closely approximates a full standing squat. The device includes mechanisms that support the subject in such a way that the hips are free to translate both horizontally and vertically and are free to rotate about the line connecting the hips. At the same time, the shoulders are free to translate horizontally while the upper back is free to rotate about the line connecting the shoulders. Among the mechanisms for hip motion and support is a counterbalance that offsets the weight of the subject as the subject s pelvis translates horizontally and vertically and rotates the pelvis about the line connecting the hips. The counterbalance is connected to a pelvic support system that allows these pelvic movements. The subject is also supported at the shoulder by a mechanism that can tilt to provide continuous support of the upper back while allowing the rotation required for arching the back as the pelvis is displaced. The shoulder support

  10. HORIZONTAL DRILLING ACTIVITY IN HUNGARY AND SPECIAL QUESTIONS OF BLOWOUT PREVENTION IN HORIZONTAL WELLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozsef Szepesi

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Described is horizontal drilling in the world and data on such activity in Hungary. Results show that there is an increase of such activity in spite of complex problems in drilling and completion of horizontal wells. Since these wells are often drilled in partialy exhausted hydrocarbon fluid reservoirs with slightly over-balanced or even with under-balanced conditions, there is an increased danger of blowouts. Prevention methods and suggested procedures are elaborated.

  11. HORIZONTAL DRILLING ACTIVITY IN HUNGARY AND SPECIAL QUESTIONS OF BLOWOUT PREVENTION IN HORIZONTAL WELLS

    OpenAIRE

    Jozsef Szepesi

    1996-01-01

    Described is horizontal drilling in the world and data on such activity in Hungary. Results show that there is an increase of such activity in spite of complex problems in drilling and completion of horizontal wells. Since these wells are often drilled in partialy exhausted hydrocarbon fluid reservoirs with slightly over-balanced or even with under-balanced conditions, there is an increased danger of blowouts. Prevention methods and suggested procedures are elaborated.

  12. Horizontal gene transfer between bacteria and animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunning Hotopp, Julie C

    2011-04-01

    Horizontal gene transfer is increasingly described between bacteria and animals. Such transfers that are vertically inherited have the potential to influence the evolution of animals. One classic example is the transfer of DNA from mitochondria and chloroplasts to the nucleus after the acquisition of these organelles by eukaryotes. Even today, many of the described instances of bacteria-to-animal transfer occur as part of intimate relationships such as those of endosymbionts and their invertebrate hosts, particularly insects and nematodes, while numerous transfers are also found in asexual animals. Both of these observations are consistent with modern evolutionary theory, in particular the serial endosymbiotic theory and Muller's ratchet. Although it is tempting to suggest that these particular lifestyles promote horizontal gene transfer, it is difficult to ascertain given the nonrandom sampling of animal genome sequencing projects and the lack of a systematic analysis of animal genomes for such transfers. PMID:21334091

  13. Formation evaluation of a horizontal well

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Upper Zakum Field, the interest in horizontal drilling has continued. A second horizontal well was drilled during the second half of 1989. This necessitated running logging tools for well control and to evaluate the reservoir characteristics. The logging tool selected for this well is that of Sperry-Sun. Tools configuration and tolerance were found to fulfil SADCO's requirements and specifications. This paper reports on the services produced which included Measurement While Drilling (MWD) directional services and RLL (Recorded Lithology Logging). The RLL services cover Dual Gamma Ray (DGR), Electromagnetic Wave Resistivity (EWR) and Compensated Neutron Porosity (CN porosity). All the RLL tools were an integrated part of the Bottom Hole Drilling Assembly. Data acquired while surveying was recorded in a recording sub down-hole and retrieved when the tools were up at the surface. A PC assisted quick look interpretation was carried out using Archie's equation in shale free limestone to calculate: Effective porosity, Water Saturation and, Bulk water volume

  14. Ballistocardiography in sitting and horizontal positions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of posture in the sitting and supine positions on ballistocardiography (BCG) measurements by using EMFi (electromechanical film) sensors. The experiment, measuring the subject's electrocardiography (ECG), BCG and carotid pulse (CP) signal, was repeated in the sitting and different horizontal positions. Additionally, the duration and the amplitudes of the BCG and CP signal components were studied. Certain properties of BCG differed significantly in the sitting and horizontal positions. Amplitudes of measured signals were larger, and time intervals were greater in the sitting position compared to the supine position. Thus, posture significantly influences cardiac performance evaluated by BCG. Sitting and supine positions are clearly distinguishable in the BCG signal. This provides new methods for evaluation of the hemodynamic changes induced by the body position

  15. Detecting series periodicity with horizontal visibility graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Núñez, Angel M; Valero, Eusebio; Gómez, Jose Patricio; Luque, Bartolo

    2011-01-01

    The horizontal visibility algorithm has been recently introduced as a mapping between time series and networks. The challenge lies in characterizing the structure of time series (and the processes that generated those series) using the powerful tools of graph theory. Recent works have shown that the visibility graphs inherit several degrees of correlations from their associated series, and therefore such graph theoretical characterization is in principle possible. However, both the mathematical grounding of this promising theory and its applications are on its infancy. Following this line, here we address the question of detecting hidden periodicity in series polluted with a certain amount of noise. We first put forward some generic properties of horizontal visibility graphs which allow us to define a (graph theoretical) noise reduction filter. Accordingly, we evaluate its performance for the task of calculating the period of noisy periodic signals, and compare our results with standard time domain (autocorre...

  16. Throwing and jumping for maximum horizontal range

    CERN Document Server

    Linthorne, N P

    2006-01-01

    Optimum projection angles for achieving maximum horizontal range in throwing and jumping events are considerably less than 45 degrees. This unexpected result arise because an athlete can generate a greater projection velocity at low projection angles than at high angles. The range of a projectile is strongly dependent on projection speed and so the optimum projection angle is biased towards low projection angles. Here we examine the velocity-angle relation and the optimum projection angle in selected throwing and jumping events.

  17. Cues for localization in the horizontal plane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Jakob; Møller, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    Spatial localization of sound is often described as unconscious evaluation of cues given by the interaural time difference (ITD) and the spectral information of the sound that reaches the two ears. Our present knowledge suggests the hypothesis that the ITD roughly determines the cone of the perce...... independently in HRTFs used for binaural synthesis. The ITD seems to be dominant for localization in the horizontal plane even when the spectral information is severely degraded....

  18. Maximal liquid bridges between horizontal cylinders

    OpenAIRE

    Cooray, Himantha; Huppert, Herbert E.; Neufeld, Jerome A

    2016-01-01

    We investigate two-dimensional liquid bridges trapped between pairs of identical horizontal cylinders. The cylinders support forces due to surface tension and hydrostatic pressure which balance the weight of the liquid. The shape of the liquid bridge is determined by analytically solving the nonlinear Laplace-Young equation. Parameters that maximize the trapping capacity (defined as the cross-sectional area of the liquid bridge) are then determined. The results show that these parameters can ...

  19. Neutrino masses, magnetic moments, and horizontal symmetries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the general structure of the neutrino mass and magnetic matrices in the presence of an unbroken horizontal symmetry. In particular, we study the compatibility of masslessness induced by such a symmetry and a non-zero magnetic moment. We show that in this case at least two of the charged leptons must have equal masses. Furthermore, we give a general definition of Dirac neutrinos and demonstrate that they are not necessarily associated with a lepton number. (Author) 15 refs

  20. Horizontal mergers, entry, and efficiency defences

    OpenAIRE

    Spector, David

    2002-01-01

    This paper addresses the effect of horizontal mergers on prices. It is shown that if firms compete in quantities and marginal costs are nondecreasing, any profitable merger failing to generate technological synergies must harm consumers through higher prices, irrespective of entry conditions in the industry. However this result does not hold if products are differentiated and firms compete in prices. The implications for merger policy are discussed.

  1. Horizontal vibrations of piles in a centrifuge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the thesis is the study of soil dynamics for important structures like nuclear power plants, offshore platforms, dams etc. Experimental results of horizontal vibrations on a pile partially anchored in a soil scale model put into a centrifuge are presented. Mechanical similitude conditions from equilibrium equations or rheologic laws are described. After a description of testing equipment (centrifuge, electrodynamic excitator) experimental results are interpreted with a model. Non-linearities on frequency response curves are characterized

  2. Horizontal gene transfer between bacteria and animals

    OpenAIRE

    Dunning Hotopp, Julie C.

    2011-01-01

    Horizontal gene transfer is increasingly described between bacteria and animals. Such transfers that are vertically inherited have the potential to influence the evolution of animals. One classic example is the transfer of DNA from mitochondria and chloroplasts to the nucleus after the acquisition of these organelles by eukaryotes. Even today, many of the described instances of bacteria to animal transfer occur as part of intimate relationships like those of endosymbionts and their invertebra...

  3. Productivity and Injectivity of Horizontal Wells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work on modeling hydraulically fractured horizontal wells has moved forward. A literature review on the subject was done and some of the existing models have been coded and applied to example problems for evaluation purposes. Previous work on the elects of heterogeneities on the performance of horizontal wells was continued by conducting a sensitivity study on various parameters that were kept constant in the earlier study. For example, we have studied the elect of gas cap and aquifer size, well location, fluid viscosity, etc. The experimental work on using horizontal wells as injectors and producers in a gas injection gravity drainage process continued. New and repeat experiments were conducted. Work on streamline grids was advanced by considering example problems with highly distorted grids which cannot be directly used for flow simulation. Grid smoothing and domain mapping techniques were investigated to handle such situations. A technique was developed for the computation o f well index with consideration to wellbore pressure drop. A recently developed reservoir/wellbore coupling model was used for this purpose

  4. c horizontal convexity on Carnot groups

    CERN Document Server

    Calogero, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Given a real-valued function $c$ defined on the cartesian product of a generic Carnot group $\\G$ and the first layer $V_1$ of its Lie algebra, we introduce a notion of $c$ horizontal convex ($c$ H-convex) function on $\\G$ as the supremum of a suitable family of affine functions; this family is defined pointwisely, and depends strictly on the horizontal structure of the group. This abstract approach provides $c$ H-convex functions that, under appropriate assumptions on $c,$ are characterized by the nonemptiness of the $c$ H-subdifferential and, above all, are locally H-semiconvex, thereby admitting horizontal derivatives almost everywhere. It is noteworthy that such functions can be recovered via a Rockafellar technique, starting from a suitable notion of $c$ H-cyclic monotonicity for maps. In the particular case where $c(g,v)=,$ we obtain the well-known weakly H-convex functions introduced by Danielli, Garofalo and Nhieu. Finally, we suggest a possible application to optimal mass transportation.

  5. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    This report assesses Brazil's corporate governance policy framework. It highlights recent improvements in corporate governance regulation, makes policy recommendations, and provides investors with a benchmark against which to measure corporate governance in Brazil. It is an update of the 2005 corporate governance Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Brazil's experience o...

  6. Liver Transplantation in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittencourt, Paulo Lisboa; Farias, Alberto Queiroz; Couto, Claudia Alves

    2016-09-01

    Over 1700 liver transplantations (LTs) are performed annually in Brazil. In absolute terms, the country performs more LT surgeries than anywhere else in Latin America and is third worldwide. However, due to its increasing population and inadequate donor organ supply, the country averages 5-10 LTs per million population, far lower than required. There is a marked heterogeneity in organ donation and LT activity throughout the country. Access to LT in the underprivileged North, Midwest, and Northeast regions of Brazil is scarce. Major challenges for the future of LT in Brazil will be to increase organ donation and access to LT. The reduction of those geographical disparities in donation, organ procurement, and LT due to political and financial constraints is of utmost importance. Liver Transplantation 22 1254-1258 2016 AASLD. PMID:27228568

  7. Study of the Local Horizon. (Spanish Title: Estudio del Horizonte Local.) Estudo do Horizonte Local

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros, Rosa M.

    2009-12-01

    The study of the horizon is fundamental to easy the first observations of the students at any education center. A simple model, to be developed in each center, allows to easy the study and comprehension of the rudiments of astronomy. The constructed model is presented in turn as a simple equatorial clock, other models (horizontal and vertical) may be constructed starting from it. El estudio del horizonte es fundamental para poder facilitar las primeras observaciones de los alumnos en un centro educativo. Un simple modelo, que debe realizarse para cada centro, nos permite facilitar el estudio y la comprensión de los primeros rudimentos astronómicos. El modelo construido se presenta a su vez como un sencillo modelo de reloj ecuatorial y a partir de él se pueden construir otros modelos (horizontal y vertical). O estudo do horizonte é fundamental para facilitar as primeiras observações dos alunos num centro educativo. Um modelo simples, que deve ser feito para cada centro, permite facilitar o estudo e a compreensão dos primeiros rudimentos astronômicos. O modelo construído apresenta-se, por sua vez, como um modelo simples de relógio equatorial e a partir dele pode-se construir outros modelos (horizontal e vertical)

  8. Explicit horizontal open books on some Seifert fibered 3--manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Ozbagci, Burak

    2006-01-01

    We describe explicit horizontal open books on some Seifert fibered 3--manifolds. We show that the contact structures compatible with these horizontal open books are Stein fillable and horizontal as well. Moreover we draw surgery diagrams for some of these contact structures.

  9. Eand P opportunities in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castilho, Marcelo [National Petroleum Agency of Brasil (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Brazil is one of the world's largest economies and the country also has significant heavy oil reserves. This report from the National Petroleum Agency of Brazil aims at presenting the situation of the oil and gas sector in Brazil in terms of resources, production, regulatory framework and opportunities for the future. Brazil has numerous sedimentary basins at its disposal, most of them being prospected by both national and foreign companies from all over the world. Brazil has over 14 billion barrels of proven reserves, its production is 2,1 MMBbl/d and heavy oil represents almost 40% of that production. The National Petroleum Agency of Brazil is responsible for the implementation of oil sector policy with the aims of maintaining self-sufficiency, implementing good practices in terms of health and safety, and increasing local content. This paper pointed out that Brazil has an important opportunity to enhance its energy sector through the development of heavy oil.

  10. Boring and lining horizontal emplacement holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Systems for and techniques for constructing suitable emplacement holes are being considered for an underground nuclear waste repository. This study is an investigation of methods to bore and line horizontal boreholes of varying lengths. The development prototype boring machine already designed has been selected to bore the long holes (350 ft.), while the method selected to bore short holes, 42, 58, and 75 ft. involves two separate systems: one to bore the hole, the other to line the hole. The systems described in this report are not off-the-shelf, but represent a reasonable extension of current technology. 2 refs., 6 figs., 12 tabs

  11. Horizontal axis Levitron—a physics demonstration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelis, Max M.

    2014-01-01

    After a brief history of the Levitron, the first horizontal axis Levitron is reported. Because it is easy to operate, it lends itself to educational physics experiments and analogies. Precession and nutation are visualized by reflecting the beam from a laser pointer off the ‘spignet’. Precession is fundamental to nuclear magnetic resonance, magnetic resonance imaging, particle traps and the movement of bodies in space. Longitudinal and lateral bounce behaviour is explained via ‘the principle of gentle superposition’ of two traps: the micro-precessional and the macro-trap. Theory is initiated. Scaling experiments are mentioned. Industrial applications might follow. Patent pending.

  12. Impulse absorption by horizontal magnetic granular chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dingxin Leng

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The granular medium is known as a protecting material for shock mitigation. We study the impulse absorption of an alignment of magnetic spheres placed horizontally under a non-uniform magnetic field. The phenomenon of the wave dispersion is presented. This system can absorb 85% ∼ 95% (88% ∼ 98% of the incident peak force (energy under the applied magnetic field strength in 0.1 T ∼ 1.0 T. The shock attenuation capacities are enhanced by the increment of field strength. With an intelligent control system, it is conceivable that the magnetic granular chain may offer possibilities in developing adaptive shock protectors.

  13. Applying GPS to check horizontal control quality

    OpenAIRE

    Jakub Vincent; Weiss Gabriel; Sabová Jana

    2004-01-01

    GPS technologies can also be used for check quality in available horizontal point set with coordinates CJ of the frame S-JTSK. When survey and setting-out tasks should be performed in certain area, one can found in it allways some points of the fundamental and detail state controls. To use these points for some actual aims, it is necessary to investigate their compatibility (among the point mark positions and the point coordinate of control points). This can be done using GPS surveying that m...

  14. Gilberto Freyre e o horizonte do modernismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariza Veloso

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a inserção de Gilberto Freyre no horizonte do modernismo brasileiro e constrói seu argumento a partir dos ideais que o intelectual compartilha com sua geração. As principais linhas de interpretação responsáveis pela renovação do pensamento brasileiro podem ser sumarizadas pela substituição do conceito de Raça pelo de Cultura e pela alteração que provoca nos conceitos de História, Memória, Tempo e Tradição.

  15. Brazil and the EU in light of the emerging powers and the rise of Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Gratius

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Following the rise of China and Brazil’s inclusion in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, the EU is no longer Brazil’s main partner, and their power relations are now more horizontal. Even though they share the same values and beliefs, Brazil’s and the EU’s performance in global governance reveals as many similarities as it does differences. It is on this new base of relations that the EU-Brazil strategic association must be built.

  16. Brazil: anchoring the region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of Brazil's state-run petroleum company, Petrobras, in providing a national supply of oil and natural gas and their products to Brazil was discussed. Petrobras is the sole state-run enterprise which carries out research, exploration, production, refining, imports, exports and the transportation of oil and gas in Brazil. Petrobras has built a complete and modern infrastructure made up of refineries, distribution bases, terminals and oil and gas pipelines. Recently (1995) the Brazilian National Assembly approved legislation that while confirming the state monopoly, also provides private contractors and other state-owned companies ways to participate in the petroleum sector. There exists a great potential for oil and gas in many of Brazil's 29 sedimentary basins. The regulatory legislation also created two new organs to deal with the partial deregulation of the petroleum sector, the National Board for Energy Policy and the National Petroleum Agency. The first of these will deal with policy issues, measures and guidelines regarding regional energy supply and demand and specific programs such as those affecting natural gas, fuel alcohol, coal and nuclear energy. The National Petroleum Agency will manage the hydrocarbon sector on behalf of the government. Its functions will include regulation and monitoring of the sector, managing the bidding process for concessions for exploration and production, and other related activities. The new legislation opens up new horizons for the Brazilian oil sector, providing opportunities for private investment, both domestic and foreign, as well as for new technological capabilities associated with these investments. 1 tab., 6 figs

  17. Chikungunya risk for Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimunda do Socorro da Silva Azevedo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to show, based on the literature on the subject, the potential for dispersal and establishment of the chikungunya virus in Brazil. The chikungunya virus, a Togaviridae member of the genusAlphavirus, reached the Americas in 2013 and, the following year, more than a million cases were reported. In Brazil, indigenous transmission was registered in Amapa and Bahia States, even during the period of low rainfall, exposing the whole country to the risk of virus spreading. Brazil is historically infested by Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus, also dengue vectors. Chikungunya may spread, and it is important to take measures to prevent the virus from becoming endemic in the country. Adequate care for patients with chikungunya fever requires training general practitioners, rheumatologists, nurses, and experts in laboratory diagnosis. Up to November 2014, more than 1,000 cases of the virus were reported in Brazil. There is a need for experimental studies in animal models to understand the dynamics of infection and the pathogenesis as well as to identify pathophysiological mechanisms that may contribute to identifying effective drugs against the virus. Clinical trials are needed to identify the causal relationship between the virus and serious injuries observed in different organs and joints. In the absence of vaccines or effective drugs against the virus, currently the only way to prevent the disease is vector control, which will also reduce the number of cases of dengue fever.

  18. Outcomes of three different models for sex education and citizenship programs concerning knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of Brazilian adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos Márcia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Three different school-based sex education and citizenship programs in public schools in Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, and Salvador, Brazil, were evaluated in a cross-sectional study comparing knowledge, attitudes, and practices in sexuality, citizenship, and gender issues among adolescents participating in the programs' activities as compared to adolescents enrolled in schools without such programs (controls. Results showed that Salvador's program achieved good results, with significant changes in knowledge on sexuality and reproductive physiology, attitudes regarding citizenship, and current use of modern contraceptives; Rio de Janeiro's program succeeded in improving students' knowledge of reproductive physiology and attitudes towards sexuality; Belo Horizonte's participants showed greater knowledge of reproductive physiology and STI/HIV prevention but had less positive attitudes towards gender issues, while reporting greater sexual activity. The main difference between Salvador's program and the others was the focus on creative and cultural activities; Belo Horizonte's main difference was its lack of interaction with health services and professionals. However, after the evaluation Belo Horizonte reframed its educational strategies and launched a scaling-up process in a joint effort with the health and school systems.

  19. Uranium in Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results obtained by the uranium exploration programme which has been under way for the last few years are summarized. So far NUCLEBRAS has identified eight areas with uranium resources: (1) Pocos de Caldas (Minas Gerais): It has three main types of uranium mineralization identified as (a) primary, related to hydrothermal, deuteric activities, or both, (b) primary, related to volcanic breccia chimneys, and (c) secondary, related to weathering phenomena. The total resources in this area have been calculated at 26,800 t of U2O8. (2) Figueira (Parana): In this area 8000 t of U3O8 were found. The mineralization consists mainly of uraninite and uranocircite. (3) Quadrilatero Ferrifero (Minas Gerais): Both in the Gandarela area and in Serra das Gaivotas uranium occurs chiefly in the form of uraninite (and some pitchblende). The resources at the Quadrilatero Ferrifero are estimated at 15,000 t o