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Sample records for beijing shandong guangxi

  1. Nursery and nursery products in Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong and Shanghai

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, J.H.; Zhang XiaoYong, Xiaoyong

    2003-01-01

    The production and demand of nursery products is growing rapidly in China, particularly in big cities as Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong and Shanghai. The report describes the development and the prospects of production and demand of nursery products and the structure of the nursery sector in these regio

  2. Choice Food, Choice Restaurant——Guangxi Building Nalan Restaurant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The best place in Beijing to enjoy authentic Guangxi cuisine is the Guangxi Building Nalan Restaurant in the Guangxi government Beijing office. Here, amid an authentic southern ambience, you can try the succulent dishes created in this exotic region prepared with local Guangxi ingredients by a Guangxi chef.

  3. An analysis of hospital preparedness capacity for public health emergency in four regions of China: Beijing, Shandong, Guangxi, and Hainan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Jianshi

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hospital preparedness is critical for the early detection and management of public health emergency (PHE. Understanding the current status of PHE preparedness is the first step in planning to enhance hospitals' capacities for emergency response. The objective of this study is to understand the current status of hospital PHE preparedness in China. Methods Four hundred hospitals in four city and provinces of China were surveyed using a standardized questionnaire. Data related to hospital demographic data; PHE preparation; response to PHE in community; stockpiles of drugs and materials; detection and identification of PHE; procedures for medical treatment; laboratory diagnosis and management; staff training; and risk communication were collected and analyzed. Results Valid responses were received from 318 (79.5% of the 400 hospitals surveyed. Of the valid responses, 264 (85.2% hospitals had emergency plans; 93.3% had command centres and personnel for PHE; 22.9% included community organisations during the training for PHE; 97.4% could transport needed medical staff to a PHE; 53.1% had evaluated stockpiles of drugs; 61.5% had evaluated their supply systems; 55.5% had developed surveillance systems; and 74.6% could monitor the abnormity(See in appendix. Physicians in 80.2% of the analyzed hospitals reported up-to-date knowledge of their institution's PHE protocol. Of the 318 respondents, 97.4% followed strict laboratory regulations, however, only about 33.5% had protocols for suspected samples. Furthermore, only 59.0% could isolate and identify salmonella and staphylococcus and less than 5% could isolate and identify human H5N1 avian flu and SARS. Staff training or drill programs were reported in 94.5% of the institutions; 50.3% periodically assessed the efficacy of staff training; 45% had experts to provide psychological counselling; 12.1% had provided training for their medical staff to assess PHE-related stress. All of the above capacities related to the demographic characteristics of hospitals and will be discussed in-depth in this paper. Conclusion Our survey suggested that, at the time of the survey, hospital preparedness for PHE in China was at an early stage of development. Comprehensive measures should be taken to enhance hospital capacity in the prevention and management of PHE.

  4. Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2004-01-01

    As the nation's capital, Beijing hasunderstandably been positioned as China's political and cultural centel As the second largest economy among China's cities according to figures for 2003, Beijing also earns the title of an economic center. In the past two years Beijing has started to realize the indispensable value of finance for its overall economic development and set out to build a financial area in the city.

  5. 山东地方鸭与北京鸭的产肉性能及肉质特性研究%STUDIES ON MEAT PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF SHANDONG NATIVE DUCK BREEDS AND BEIJING DUCK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李同树; 井文倩; 唐辉; 刘华琳; 张守兰; 孙晓燕

    2001-01-01

    将山东地方品种微山麻鸭(Ⅰ组)、文登黑鸭(Ⅱ组)以及北京鸭(Ⅲ组)分别饲养120d屠宰,测定各组胴体的产肉率和肉品品质。结果表明:鸭种是影响产肉力的主要因素,而胸肉、腿肉的物理特性、化学成分和肌纤维结构决定鸭肉的食用价值;Ⅰ、Ⅱ组与Ⅲ组肉鸭相比,胴体重较轻,胸腿肉比例低,肉嫩度较差,但胴体脂肪较少,肉色略深,系水力高,蛋白质和肌间脂肪丰富;胸肉与腿肉相比,胸肉较重,且二者在pH值、嫩度、组织结构等方面存在明显差异。研究结果分析表明:山东地方鸭种与肉用型北京鸭相比,其产肉性能较低,但肉质却较好,因此,地方鸭种用北京鸭进行杂交改良,将会优势互补,有助于肉用性能的综合利用。%This trial selected two Shandong native duck breeds-Weishan Partridge duck (Group Ⅰ) and Wendeng Black duck (Group Ⅱ) and the famous meat breed-Beijing duck (Group Ⅲ),which were slaughtered at 120 days,to study meat productivity and quality.Results indicated that the factor of breed type had obviously effect on meat productivity.Physicochemical properties,chemical compositions and fiber structure of the chest muscle (CM) and thigh muscle (TM) were the major contributions to meat quality of its carcass.In comparison with Group Ⅲ,Group Ⅰ and Ⅱ were worse in carcass weight,ratio of CM to TM and meat tenderness,but less in cavity fat content and better in meat color,water holding capacity,dry matter content,protein content and intramuscular fat content.By comparison,CM was heavier than TM, and there was significant difference in pH value,tenderness,histological structure between CM and TM,Results analysed showed that Shandong native duck breeds,compared with Beijing duck,were worse in meat productivity,but better in meat quality.Therefore we could concluded that Shandong native duck breeds should be improved by crossing with meat duck

  6. An Investigation and Analysis of the Usage of "you + VP" Structure among Beijing, Shandong and NingXia College Students%京鲁宁高校学生“有+VP”句使用情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽华

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the acceptance and usage of newly appeared language variation "you + VP" structure in North dialect area by selecting indigenous local college students from Beijing, Shandong and Ningxia via questionnaires and telephone interviews. The investigation indicates that there exists a strong tendency of domain and group of people, characterized with arbitrariness, young - age and femininity.%为了解“有+VP”句这一新兴结构形式在北方方言区的接受度与使用情况,文章选取北京、山东和宁夏三地高校中“土生土长”的当地大学生,采用调查问卷与电话访谈相结合的方式,对“有+VP”句进行了相关语言调查。调查结果表明:“有+VP”句接受度与使用频率较多地受到被试自身方言的影响,其使用场合与使用人群具有明显的倾向性,表现出随意性、低龄化和女性化的特点。

  7. Views from Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Zhang Shaojun: Three approaches to bail SMEs out Shocked by the international financial crisis, it becomes in-creasingly hard for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to get loans from banks. "The government must take effective measures to help SMEs get through difficult times." Zhang Shao-jun, NPC deputy, also the governor of Linyi City in Shandong province, said when interviewed during the two sessions.

  8. Beijing Alley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiXiaoke

    2004-01-01

    There are many distinguished artists with work in residence at Beijing's Creation Gallery, but there is one worthy of particular mention - gallery founder Li Xiaoke. Through his work, Li successfully unites elements of western art with traditional Chinese ideas and art theories. His favorite places of inspiration are old Beijing, Tibet, and southern China.

  9. Beijing Paralympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Paralympics is an important milestone for Beijing as it continues to steadily progress toward fulfilling its promise of delivering Paralympic Games equally as important and splendid as the Olympic Games.Scheduled for September 6--17,the Beijing Paralympics will see 20 sports con- tested——more than any Games in Paralympic history.

  10. BEIJING BARS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Cappuccino Bar Cappuccino Bar, at the intersection of Dongzhimenwai Dajie and Sanlitun Beijie, Beijing's most vibrant nightlife area, is a hot new destination for European food lovers. With its perfect combination of both energy and tranquility, and surrounded by diplomatic compounds, it is conveniently located near other Beijing destinations including Lady Street

  11. BEIJING RESTAURANT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Maxim’s de Paris, Beijing In the late 19th century, Maxim Garcia opened a restaurant, Maxim’s, in Paris. On September 26, 1983, a new Maxim’s de Paris was opened in Beijing, becoming the first Sino-foreign cooperative Western-style restaurant. The interior decorations of Maxim’s de Paris imitate those of Maxim’s in Paris. Entering the restaurant, you will feel you have entered the French royal palace in the 19th century. Maxim’s de Paris Beijing has a dining hall, a coffee house and several bars, being able to accommodate 200 persons for dinner or 300 persons for a cocktail party and buffet. Here, you can enjoy different kinds of delicious food from European countries. Maxim’s cakes are loved by people because of their unique taste and style. At present, the restaurant is promoting a type of sugarless cake for those who dislike or cannot eat sugar. For more than 20 years, Maxim’s de Paris Beijing has consistently provided top-notch service and food. Welcome to Maxim’s de Paris Beijing to enjoy your life! Address: No.2 Chongwenmen Xidajie, Beijing Tel: 86-10-6512-1992

  12. Remembering Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ian Corbett

    2012-01-01

    Every General Assembly is remembered for something - in the past few years, Sydney for starting the International Year of Astronomy, Prague for Pluto, and Rio de Janeiro for the Strategic Plan. 1 thought that Beijing would be remembered for restructuring the Divisions and for the impressive progress we have made in implementing the Strategic Plan. But I was wrong! Above all, Beijing will be remembered for the unobtrusive but impeccable organization, the overwhelming generosity of our hosts, the smiling teams of volunteers, and the impressive CNCC.

  13. Shandong Organized Big Rare Earth Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    On August 28 the reporter today learned from the Provincial Economic and Information Commission that integration of Shandong rare earth industry has made concrete progress.On August 26,Shandong Iron&Steel; Research Institute Chinalco Rare Earth Group held setup agreement-signing ceremony in Weishan

  14. Neon Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    One evening this spring, my friends and I were sitting in a small square near the finacial street, singing and dancing while awaiting the switching on of the neon lights. I recorded this exciting scene with my camera,simply'because it revealed the prosperity of Beijing and the energy of Chinese youth.

  15. BEIJING BOUND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Capital to one fifth of mankind and the fastest developing nation in history, Beijing is attracting a growing number of foreign residents drawn by interest and opportunity.The city is in thrall to incredibly rapid development that is altering its appearance and character.So what can the new arrivals expect?

  16. Farewell beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Yuan

    2016-01-01

    For the lOth year in a row, Jiang Shaoxia made the 700 km journey back to Beijing from her hometown in central China'sHenan Province on February 13, right after the annual Spring Festival. But 2016 could mark the last year she makes the trek.

  17. Continua Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    From January 1 to March 30, 2008,Continua Beijing will host a solo exhibition of Italian contem- porary art master Michelangelo Pistoletto for the first time. Born in 1933,Michelangelo Pistoletto hehl his first solo exhi- hition in Dulin,Italy,and created a series of artworks named after painted objects.These artworks

  18. Qingdao - Pearl onthe Shandong coast

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BRUCE CONNOLLY

    2004-01-01

    <正> Qingdao, its name is synonymous with beer. Tsingtao Beer, one of the country’s finest, has put the city firmly onto the international scene. However, there is so much more to this pearl on the coast of Shandong Province. As China goes forward to the 2008 Olympics the city will become even better known for it has been chosen as the venue for the ocean sailing events.Qingdao occupies a peninsula jutting into the Yellow Sea. It is hilly, with a coastline of rocky headlands connected by fine curving sandy beaches. Its natural

  19. Shandong Agricultural Products Exports: Growth, Problems and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    Bing Li

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyses the reasons of the export growth for the Shandong agricultural products which can be attributed to the Shandong agricultural export enterprises’ efforts and Shandong provincial government’s strong supports. Though Shandong agricultural products exports achieved a big success all over the China, there are still some internal problems and external constraints that hinder its further and sustainable developments. Existing main problems for the exports of Shandong agricultural...

  20. Guangxi Aluminum Giant Made Investment in Changfeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>A aluminum processing and supporting project (450,000 tons) of Hefei Guangyin Aluminum Company kicked off in Xiatang Town of Changfeng County recently. It is a project jointly invested by Guangxi Investment Group and Guangxi Baise Guangyin Aluminum in Xiatang Town of Changfeng County.

  1. Findings of the fertility survey in Beijing municipality and other five provinces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    The findings of the 2nd Chinese Fertility Survey, conducted in Beijing Municipality and the provinces of Liaoning, Shandong, Guangdong, Guizhou, and Gansu, indicate progress in the postponement of age at 1st marriage as well as increasing marital stability. The divorce rate ranged from 0.2-0.6% in the areas studied. Median age at 1st marriage is 3 years higher among women 25-29 years of age than among women 45-49 years of age. Among these younger women, median age at 1st marriage now stands at 23 years in Beijing Municipality and Liaoning, Shandong, and Guangdong Provinces and at 21-22 years in Guizhou and Gansu Provinces. The average. At present, the average number of children born is 1.63 in Beijing Municipality, 1.97 in Liaoning Province, 2.19 in Shandong, 2.67 in Guangdong, 2.79 in Gansu, and 3.47 in Guizhou Province. All the women surveyed were able to cite 4-7 birth control methods and have themselves used 1-2 methods (a low of 1 method in Guizhou and Gansu Provinces to a high of 1.7 in Beijing). Overall, 70% of the women of childbearing age surveyed were using contraceptive method at present. The highest contraceptive prevalence rate (84%) exists in Beijing Municipality.

  2. Emplacement mechanism of Linglong granitoid complex, Shandong Peninsula, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN; Tianfeng

    2001-01-01

    , Wang Bincheng, Xu Jinfang et al., Geochemical background research of lead isotopic for regional rock in Eastern Shandong, Collection of Geology and Seeking Mineral Deposits (in Chinese with English abstract), 1994, 9(1): 65-77.[11]Berger, A. R., Pitcher, W. S., The structure in granitoid rocks: A review on the granitic structure, Proceedings of the Geologist Association, 1972, 81(part 3): 421-461.[12]Shaw, H. R., Fracture mechanism of magma transport from the mantle to the surface, in Physics of Magmatic Process (ed. Hargraves. R. B.), Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980, 201-264.[13]Ramsay, J. G., Emplacement mechanics of the Chindamora Batholith, Zimbabwe, J. Structural Geology, 1981, 3: 93-105.[14]Castrol, A., On granitoid emplacement and related structure: A review, Geol. Rundsch., 1987, 76: 101-124.[15]Apperson, K. D., Stress fields of the overriding plate at convergent margins and beneath active volcanic areas, Science, 1991, 254: 670-678.[16]Tikoff, B., Teyssier, C., Crustal-scale, an echelon-shear tensional bridge: A possible solution to the batholithic room problem, Geology, 1992, 20: 927-930.[17]Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Shandong Province, Regional Geology of Shandong Province (in Chinese with English abstract), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1991, 595.[18]Miao Laicheng, Luo Zhenkuan, Guan Kan et al., The implication of the SHRIMP U-Pb age in zircon to the petrogenesis of the Linglong granite, East Shandong Province, Acta Petrologica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 1998, 14(2): 198-206.[19]Bathal, R. S., Magnetic anisotropy of rocks, Earth Science Review, 1971, 7: 227-253.[20]Hrouda, F., Magnetic anisotropy of rocks and its application in geology and geophysics, Geophysical Survey, 1982, 5: 37-82.[21]Rochette, P., Jackson, M., Aubourg, C., Rock magnetism and the interpretation of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, Reviews of Geophysics, 1992, 30(3): 209-226.[22

  3. UNJAMMING BEIJING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Building a livable city may start with the development of a comfortable and efficient public transport system Commuters on Beijing’s city rail transport system received a gift from the Beijing Municipal Government on October 7,the last day of the seven-day National Day holiday. From the first working day on October 8,the price of a single unlimited length journey dropped from five yuan to two.The drop

  4. BEIJING RESTAURANTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Mare in Beijing Mare draws its name from the Latin for "ocean," representing both the Southern European and Mediterranean influences on the cuisine of the restaurant as well as the beautiful and peaceful ambience the restaurant affords. Mare offers high-quality, specialized Spanish cuisine, served with care by the Spanish chef. "Tapas are particular dishes of Spain, and Mare promotes 30 kinds of tapas for customers to appreci-

  5. 不同农业生产模式中农户对绿色农药的认知及采纳行为研究——基于北京海淀、山东寿光、黑龙江庆安三地的调查%On Farmers" Cognition and Adoption of Green Pesticide in Different Agricultural Production Mode-- Based on Investigations In Haidian Beijing, Shouguang Shandong and Qingan Heilongjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志刚; 黄圣男; 和志鹏

    2012-01-01

    As building a " conservation--minded society" and " environment--friendly society" and the related concepts were put forward in China, the cognition and adoption of green pesticide gradually become the focus of scholars. While many domestic and foreign scholars have studied the using situation, adoption behavior and influence factors of pesticides, there are few studies on the cognition and adoption of green pesticide in different agricultural production modes. This study, based on the investigations in Haidian Beijing, Shouguang Shandong, Qingan Heilongjiang, found that the best way to improve the cognition and using of green pesticide is the government as the first driving force promote the market behavior, and help the market form a complete and mature industry chain. Qingan Heilongjiang was particularly of refer- ence among the three modes.%随着我国提出建设“资源节约型社会”和“环境友好型社会”等相关概念,绿色农药的认知和采纳逐渐成为了学者们关注的焦点。然而,尽管国内外学者已经对农药的使用状况、农民采用农药的行为及对其产生影响的因素等进行了研究,但目前国内仍然缺乏针对不同农业生产模式中绿色农药的认知与采纳状况的研究。基于北京海淀、山东寿光、黑龙江庆安三地的调查进行研究,发现:政府作为第一推动力推动市场行为,并协助某一地域范围内的市场形成完整成熟的产业链——这种发展模式是提高绿色农药认知与使用的最佳方法。黑龙江庆安地区的农业生产模式在三种模式中尤为值得借鉴。

  6. Sinopec to Launch LNG Project in Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Sinopec has beaten out its domestic rivals-CNOOC and CNPC to win the rights to build a liquefied national (LNG) gas terminal in East China's Shandong Province. Sinopec's move breaks CNOOC's monopoly in building LNG projects along China's coastline.

  7. Economic Periodicity Analysis of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhaode; Yao Lili; Sun Jinfang; Yu Wei

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the periodical characteristics of the economic development of Shandong Province by using the mini-mum variation analysis model. The analysis shows that the eco-nomic development process of Shandong Province has short, medium and long cycles respectively for 6, 12, 19 years, and the fluctuation of the economic development becomes gentler with time passing by. The fluctuation of macro-control policy, invest-ment and consumption are the main reasons of the economic fluc-tuation.

  8. Investigation on Mycobacterium tuberculosis diversity in China and the origin of the Beijing clade.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanglin Wan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Investigation of the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in China has shown that Beijing genotype strains play a dominant role in the tuberculosis (TB epidemic. In order to examine the strain diversity in the whole country, and to study the evolutionary development of Beijing strains, we sought to genotype a large collection of isolates using different methods. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We applied a 15-loci VNTR typing analysis on 1,586 isolates from the Beijing municipality and 12 Chinese provinces or autonomous regions. The data was compared to that of 900 isolates from various other worldwide geographic regions outside of China. A total of 1,162/1,586 (73.2% of the isolates, distributed into 472 VNTR types, were found to belong to the Beijing genotype family and this represented 56 to 94% of the isolates in each of the localizations. VNTR typing revealed that the majority of the non-Beijing isolates fall into two genotype families, which represented 17% of the total number of isolates, and seem largely restricted to China. A small number of East African Indian genotype strains was also observed in this collection. Ancient Beijing strains with an intact region of difference (RD 181, as well as strains presumably resembling ancestors of the whole Beijing genotype family, were mainly found in the Guangxi autonomous region. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the largest M. tuberculosis VNTR-based genotyping study performed in China to date. The high percentage of Beijing isolates in the whole country and the presence in the South of strains representing early branching points may be an indication that the Beijing lineage originated from China, probably in the Guangxi region. Two modern lineages are shown here to represent the majority of non-Beijing Chinese isolates. The observed geographic distribution of the different lineages within China suggests that natural frontiers are major factors in their diffusion.

  9. Investigation on Mycobacterium tuberculosis Diversity in China and the Origin of the Beijing Clade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Kanglin; Liu, Jinghua; Hauck, Yolande; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Liu, Jie; Zhao, Xiuqin; Liu, Zhiguang; Lu, Bing; Dong, Haiyan; Jiang, Yi; Kremer, Kristin; Vergnaud, Gilles; van Soolingen, Dick; Pourcel, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Background Investigation of the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in China has shown that Beijing genotype strains play a dominant role in the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic. In order to examine the strain diversity in the whole country, and to study the evolutionary development of Beijing strains, we sought to genotype a large collection of isolates using different methods. Methodology/Principal Findings We applied a 15-loci VNTR typing analysis on 1,586 isolates from the Beijing municipality and 12 Chinese provinces or autonomous regions. The data was compared to that of 900 isolates from various other worldwide geographic regions outside of China. A total of 1,162/1,586 (73.2%) of the isolates, distributed into 472 VNTR types, were found to belong to the Beijing genotype family and this represented 56 to 94% of the isolates in each of the localizations. VNTR typing revealed that the majority of the non-Beijing isolates fall into two genotype families, which represented 17% of the total number of isolates, and seem largely restricted to China. A small number of East African Indian genotype strains was also observed in this collection. Ancient Beijing strains with an intact region of difference (RD) 181, as well as strains presumably resembling ancestors of the whole Beijing genotype family, were mainly found in the Guangxi autonomous region. Conclusions/Significance This is the largest M. tuberculosis VNTR-based genotyping study performed in China to date. The high percentage of Beijing isolates in the whole country and the presence in the South of strains representing early branching points may be an indication that the Beijing lineage originated from China, probably in the Guangxi region. Two modern lineages are shown here to represent the majority of non-Beijing Chinese isolates. The observed geographic distribution of the different lineages within China suggests that natural frontiers are major factors in their diffusion. PMID:22220207

  10. Shandong Direct Power Purchase Pilot Work has Expanded,Shandong Aluminum Factories Will Receive Benefit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    According to news report published on January20,it has been learned from the"Notice on Publishing Name List of Electricity Direct Trading Pilot Users in 2015"published by the Shandong Province Commission of Economy and Information Technology,the number of direct power purchase pilot enterprises in Shandong Province will double in 2015,the number of pilot enterprises will be expanded

  11. Countermeasures of Implementing Sustainable Development Strategy in Shandong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui Jianhai

    2004-01-01

    This paper set forth the goals of implementing sustainable development strategy in Shandong Province guided by the view of scientific development of being people oriented, comprehensive,coordinated and sustainable. Based on the target of sustainable development strategy in Shandong province this paper discusses the main tasks in the sustainable development strategy Countermeasures for sustainable development strategy in Shandong province are put forward.

  12. 2006 Government Forum on Traditional Medicine is Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WFAS Secretariat

    2006-01-01

    @@ 2006 Government Forum on Traditional Medicine is held in Beijing on October 26th and 27th in Guangxi Hotel.It is sponsored by WHO and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of PRC, and organized by World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS). The purpose of this Governmental Forum:promote the implementation of four strategic objectives under WHA56/31 Resolution, develop traditional medicine, and enhance the position, application and management level of traditional medicine; Discuss the communication and cooperation mechanism and projects on the development and management of traditional medicine under the frame of WHA56/31 among the governmental Health administrations.

  13. Ecological footprint of Shandong,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Yu-jing; Luc Hens; ZHU Yong-guan; ZHAO Jing-zhu

    2004-01-01

    Ecological footprint has been given much attention and widely praised as an effective heuristic and pedagogic device for presenting current total human resource use in a way that communicates easily to almost everyone since 1996 when Wackernagel and Rees proposed it as a sustainable development indicator. Ecological footprint has been improving on its calculation and still can be a benchmark to measure sustainable development although there are still ongoing debates about specific methods for calculating the ecological footprint.This paper calculates the ecological footprint of Shandong Province, China with the methodology developed by Wackemagel and analyzes the current situation of sustainable development in Shandong.

  14. Winter Flawers in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    IN the midst of a winter storm flowers still bloom in Beijing. In the greenhouses of Beijing Scriven Flower Co. Ltd., roses and lilies comtrast sharply with the bare fields and trees of early spring. Located 20 Km away in Xiaobailou Village, Daxing County, in suburban Beijing, the greenhouses were built in 1992 and have been expanded

  15. Study on Sustainable Development Capability of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Ziping; Luo Qishan; Wang Yanchun; Deng Hongbing; Zhao Jingzhu

    2005-01-01

    Based on the indicator system of Sustainable Development ( SD ), Shandong Province was selected as an example for assessment with AHP method and the standard year was 1978. The conclusion was that Shandong Province' s ability of SD was being strengthened step by step, and there were also some restrictive factors, and according to the basic conditions of Shandong Province, countermeasures and strategy of SD were put forward.

  16. Shandong Will Intensify Support for Key Aluminum Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Recently,Shandong Province People’s Government published online the"Shandong Nonferrous Metal Industry Transition&Upgrading; Execution Plan"(The Plan)compiled by the Provincial Metallurgical Industry Corporation and the Provincial Metal Society.This"Plan"made overall introduction and analysis on the general development status,future development trend and strategies of Shandong Province’s nonferrous metal industry.In recent years,

  17. Evaluation of the Rural Human Settlement in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hong; Shen Meiyu; Chen Xiangxiang

    2012-01-01

    Taking Shandong Province as the research object, this paper uses the principal component analysis method to evaluate the status of the rural human settlement in Shandong Province. It establishes the evaluation index system of the rural residential environment in Shandong Province, including living environment, economy, infrastructure, public service facilities, and ecological environment, in total five comprehensive index, and 20 second~ ary indexes. Through measurement and sorting of rural human environment development level of Shandong Province in 2010, the 17 cities are divided into-excellent, good, ordinary, poor-four development areas and are analyzed based on the restriction factor in the development of the region.

  18. 1999 Beijing Music Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE Beijing Music Festival has been a labour of love for conductor Yu Long since he began the event in 1998. For Beijing, the ancient capital of China, to have its own music festival on the international level, has been the long cherished wish of Yu Long, chief organizer of the Beijing Music Festival. In recent years he settled in Hong Kong and worked as the conductor of many excellent philharmonic orchestras from

  19. INTERCONTINENTAL FINANCIAL STREET BEIJING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGCHUNYUE; FENGJIAYUN

    2005-01-01

    InterContinental Financial Street Beijing opened its doors on May 1st, 2005, just days before the world's business leaders flooded into town for the Fortune Global Forum.The first international luxury hotel in the Chinese capital's new and rapidly growing Financial Street business center, the InterContinental Financial Street Beijing is the flagship property of FnterContinental Hotels and Resorts on the Chinese mainland, and as such a pioneer in Beijing's future,

  20. Shandong: Cotton Boom in 2006,Drooping in 2007?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ According to National Bureau of Statistics, the output of yam in Shandong province reached 4.77 million tons in 2006, ascending by 25.65% comparing with that of 2005, and making Shandong achieve the first place among other districts(See Sheet 1).

  1. ANALYSIS OF TYPHOON MATSA (NO.0509) AFFECTING SHANDONG PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Xing-chi; WANG Wen-yi; WANG Ye-hong; GAO Hui-jun; Chen Jin-min

    2007-01-01

    The characteristics of the moving course of Typhoon Matsa (No.0509), associated heavy rain and physical quantities fields have been analyzed, with the focus on the reason of the typhoon's abrupt northeastward turn in Anhui Province and heavy rain concentrating in the northeast of typhoon center instead of near it. Meaningful conclusions are as follows. The reasons for typhoon abrupt turning are that the subtropical high pressure was moving southward and divergence fields of 200 hPa were to the right of the typhoon center; there was no obvious cold air invading Shandong after the typhoon entered the westerly belt; the southeasterly jet of typhoon and shear brought heavy rainfall to the Shandong peninsula before the typhoon entered Shandong. But after the typhoon's movement into Shandong, the typhoon's inverted trough brought the rainfall to the northern and central Shandong.

  2. Guangxi and Qinghai Delegated Mining Right Transfer Approval Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>To ensure timely adjustment of mining right transfer approval authority according to the requirements of the Ministry of Land and Resources, recently, Guangxi and Qinghai Land and Resources Department decided: The mining right previously approved by city and county level land and resources bureaus, and the transfer approval authority previously exercised by Guangxi Land and Resources Department,

  3. Guangxi Huaying Bauxite Mine Put Into Production Upon Completion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>On July 26,Guangxi Huaying bauxite mine was put into production upon its completion. With supportive function,the mine facilitates the 1.6-million-ton/year alumina project of Guangxi Huaying with annual capacity of 4 million tons of ores.The open-pit diaspore

  4. Tasting Beijing ,Approaching Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Sponsored by Beijing Tour Administration, co-organized by Singapore Conference and Exhibition Administration Service Co., Ltd. and Beijing Relation Exhibition Co., Ltd., "2007 Beijing International Tour Expo" was held in Beijing in June. Commissioner Du Jiang gave a presentation with the opening ceremmony, and pointed out that with the theme of "Tasting Beijing, Approaching Olympic Games", the expo was a platform of promoting the communication and cooperation between the Chinese and foreign tourism industries.

  5. Diagnosis Analysis of One Cold Airflow Snowfall in Shandong Peninsula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]One cold airflow snowfall in Shandong Peninsula was analyzed.[Method] Using conventional weather observation data,the NCEP /NCAR 1°×1° grid point by 6 h in data analysis,the synoptic weather dynamics principle and diagnosis analysis method,the cold airflow snowfall in Shandong Peninsula on December 4,2008 to 6 th was analyzed and summarized.[Result]The results showed that the cold deep groove of large scale circulation form caused the cold airflow snowfall in Shandong Peninsula.While the 850 hPa ...

  6. Beijing International Sculpture Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Inauguration of the 2002 Beijing International Urban Sculptural Art Exhibition also saw the opening of the Beijing International Sculpture Park on Yuquan Road, Beijing. The park houses 140 statues.This exhibition is aimed at promoting exchanges and cooperation among sculptors across the world, integrating urban sculpture into everyday life, and encouraging innovation in this sector. It is expected to bring inspiration to Beijing as regards new concepts in urban construction, through exchanges with other nations. This exhibition constitutes interaction between the public and art, and dialogue between China and the world.The works on display are Beijing’s latest attraction, and add a touch of modernity to this ancient city. Some are to be placed in sports stadiums during the 2008 Olympics.

  7. Developing the Beijing CVD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU JINGXIAN

    2006-01-01

    @@ Slowly but surely, the high-end villa property in Beijing is gaining new momentum. Limited amounts of new properties, rising prices and increasing demand will be the trend in the villa market in 2006, real estate experts predict. Among them, the exclusive Central Villa District(CVD), a top-tier villa area along the Wenyu River in northeast Beijing, has emerged as a hot spot of the market.

  8. Alumina Producers in Shandong Province Allied to Win Negotiation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Faced with the soaring bauxite price,five alu- mina producers in Shandong Province jointly established Shangdong Bauxite Import Compa- nies Club to gain a better position in price ne- gotiation with foreign counterparts by getting

  9. Characteristics and Advantages of Regional Grain Production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the latest Land Use Planning of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi is divided into five regions, which are eastern Guangxi, western Guangxi, southern Guangxi, northern Guangxi, and central Guangxi. Regional variation characteristics of grain production are introduced from two aspects of the decline of grain sowing area and the increase of grain output. According to the data in Guangxi Statistical Yearbook, comparative advantages of regional grain production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region are analyzed by the method of Comprehensive Comparative Dominance Index. Result shows that eastern Guangxi and northern Guangxi have the maximum comprehensive dominance indices with the minimum increasing amount of dominance indices. Their advantages in grain production are gradually diminished; and the grain production center is moving to central Guangxi and southern Guangxi. In order to solve the problems in grain production, Guangxi should make full use of the comparative advantage in agricultural production, carry out structural adjustment of agricultural production, and try to realize the rational distribution and specialization of agricultural production.

  10. Influencing domain of peripheral sources in the urban heavy pollution process of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Xiangde; ZHOU; Li; ZHOU; Xiuji; YAN; Peng; WENG; Yonghu

    2005-01-01

    The effect of city's peripheral pollution sources is one of the key issues urgent to be solved in the decision-making of Beijing's environmental pollution control. This paper comprehensively analyses the surface observations, and the satellite remote sensing data of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) during the Beijing City Atmospheric Pollution Experiment (BECAPEX) from January to March, 2001, presents an "upstream" wind field resultant vector method for tracing peripheral pollution sources, and finds that the features of the urban heavy pollution processes of Beijing are significantly correlated with the impact of the emission sources of southern peripheral cities, and the pollutants transferred northwards from distant upstream sources are retarded by the U-shaped "valley" topography in Beijing's periphery. The two factors are responsible for the formation of the S-N zonal influencing domain of pollutants from the southern peripheral areas to Beijing. The paper also comprehensively analyses the features of flow field in the heavy pollution process in the Beijing region, and compares the heavy pollution process with samples of good air-quality days from January to March, 2001. The experiment of Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model (HYSPLIT-4) further reveals the diffusion trajectory of pollutants of the cities in Hebei and Shandong provinces and Tianjin city in the heavy pollution process of Beijing, and the simulations of the Regional Atmosphere Model System (RAMS) confirm the possible contribution of peripheral sources to the exceptionally heavy pollution process of the urban area of Beijing, thus revealing that the input of pollutants from southern peripheral cities is one of the important factors responsible for aggravating urban heavy pollution processes.

  11. Prevalence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, G; Zheng, D; Cai, Q; Yuan, Z

    2010-01-01

    Melioidosis, an infectious disease caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is now recognized as an important public health problem in Southeast Asia and tropical northern Australia. Although B. pseudomallei has been detected in various water and soil samples in southeast China, the enviromental distribution of B. pseudomallei in China is unclear. In the winter months of 2007, 154 and 130 soil and water samples, respectively, were collected from several locations in Guangxi, China. The samples were screened for B. pseudomallei by bacterial culture and identification and confirmed by PCR for species-specific 16S rDNA and flagellin genes. B. pseudomallei was detected in 8.4% of the soil samples but in none of the water samples. All positive samples were confined to a single low-lying region from rice paddy fields. Counts of B. pseudomallei ranged from 23 to 521 c.f.u./g soil. This is the first geographical distribution survey of B. pseudomallei in soil in Guangxi, China, and the data are of importance for further evaluating the impact of this pathogen on melioidosis in this region. PMID:19538822

  12. Development Zones Flourish in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Based on the Beijing Municipal Government's plans for developing the city and neighboring suburbs,and after more than 10 years in development,the Beijing Development Zones have taken shape,each with their own characteristics.

  13. Park Plaza Beijing Science Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Christmas Eve Dinner Buffet at Park Plaza Beijing Science Park Celebrate Christmas with family and friends on December 24 at Park Plaza Beijing Science Park. Enjoy a beautifully presented dinner buffet

  14. Travelling to china for the beijing 2008 olympic and paralympic games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Marc T M; Leggat, Peter A; Borwein, Sarah

    2007-11-01

    The 29th modern Olympic Summer Games, conducted once every 4 years since 1896, will be held in Beijing, China, from 8 to 24 August 2008. There will be approximately 28 major and 302 minor events in 37 venues in the prominent cities of Beijing, Hong Kong and Shanghai, and also in Qingdao (a coastal town in Shandong Province), Qinhuangdao (northeast of Beijing), Shanghai, Shenyang (an industrial city in Liaoning Province) and in Tianjin (on the coast near Beijing). Following the Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games will be conducted from 6 to 17 September 2008 in Beijing and 20 Paralympic Sports will be represented. This paper focuses on health and safety issues for travellers to China in general, although it makes specific references to advice for visiting Olympic and Paralympic athletes and team staff, who will be travelling to the games. It must be remembered that travel health advice can change, and that travellers should be advised to seek up-to-date travel health advice for China closer to their departure. PMID:17983975

  15. Beijing Museum of Traditional Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    THE 100th museum to open in Beijing, the Beijing Museum of Traditional Opera is located inside the Beijing Huguang Guildhall Chamber of Cultural Prosperity and Ancestral Hall of the Local Worthy.The museum’s various exhibits have distinctively artistic

  16. Evaluation and Analysis on the Competitiveness of Guangxi Distinctive Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of the developmental status of Guangxi distinctive agriculture,the key selection of developing Guangxi distinctive agriculture is analyzed.Its distinctive agriculture contains distinctive plantation,distinctive forestry and distinctive breeding.Based on the analysis,two display indices,domestic comparative advantages index and domestic competitiveness,are selected to analyze the competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture.The results show that at present the overall competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture is strong,but its competitiveness is reflected on resource advantages and most of the resources are primary agro-products.Accordingly,in the future,Guangxi distinctive agriculture should adopt non-equilibrium developmental strategy;take the great-leap-forward developmental path;apply modern production elements to increase the competitiveness of Guangxi distinctive agriculture.It should lay stress on "three innovation",which includes organization innovation,developing distinctive agricultural firms ;technology innovation,enlarging the scope and scale of agricultural listed companies;financial fund-raising innovation,transforming traditional distinctive agriculture by using high and new technology.

  17. Beijing-Entertainment City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With 3,000 years of history and over 18 million people,Beijing is a city that has moved with the times.Behind the brand new malls,futuristic buildings and vibrant nightlife,one can still feel the pulse of China’s ancient culture.Here are a few options to discover Beijing’s rich and vibrant entertainment scene. Traditional Beijing Peking Opera is the most famous of all Chinese opera and certainly the quintessential traditional Chinese culture.It combines music,vocal per-

  18. Lawmakers Gather in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Deputies to the National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature, applaud while listening to a government work report delivered by Premier Wen Jiabao at the opening of their annual session in Beijing on March 5. The session, which is scheduled to conclude on March 13, outlines China’s development program for 2009 and approves the state budget to support the country’s counter-crisis measures. The National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the top advisory body, also opened its annual session in Beijing on March 3.

  19. China Aluminum Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Mining Company Limited was Founded

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The China Aluminum Guangxi Non-ferrous Rare Earth Mining Company Limited co-built by Aluminium Corporation of China,Guangxi Non-ferrous Metal Group Company Limited,and Grirem Advanced Materials Co.,Ltd.was

  20. New Project in Huacheng Paper of Guangxi State Farms Sugar Group Laid the Foundation Stone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The foundation-stone laying ceremony of 200,000 t/y culture paper project in Huacheng Paper, a member of Guangxi State Farms Sugar Group, was held in Laibin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, on October 18, 2009.

  1. Life in Beijing Prison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU XIAOLIN; ZHAO JINGJING

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Prison, located in the suburbs about one hour's drive from downtown, has opened to the public. People over 18 years old can now apply for a one-day visit to get a peep into the inmates' living cells, parlors and psychological counseling centers of the nearly 1,600 male convicts sentenced to more than 15 years behind bars.

  2. Beijing Time Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ROBERT; T.TUOHEY

    2010-01-01

    Daily travel within Beijing need not be anymore troublesome than going about any major metropolis.Simply,certain basic facts need to be kept in mind,and ordinary precautions taken.Essentially,it’s the same situation as midtown Manhattan or downtown Tokyo,except everyone’s speaking Chinese.

  3. Beijing Time Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ROBERT T.TUOHEY

    2010-01-01

    @@ Dally travel within Beijing need not be anymore troublesome than going about any major metropolis.Simply,certain basic facts need to be kept in mind,and ordinary precautions taken.Essentially,it's the same situation as midtown Manhattan or downtown Tokyo,except everyone's speaking Chinese.

  4. Catch Hilton Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Ready to spice up Beijing's nightlife? Come on to Zeta Bars, Hilton! If sneak previews are anything to go by, it's clear that The Third Ring will consistently perform to sellout crowds keen to catch a glimpse of the stunningly redesigned restaurants and bars that line the tri-level

  5. Exploring the New Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Eating Ghost Street This street is home to more than 150 storefronts,over 100 of which offer a variety of different foods.In all of Beijing this may be the only street that has such a large number of restaurants.

  6. Beijing in Pictures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    With a history of more than 3,000 years, Beijing is famousfor its architectural styles, and is regarded as the city with themost diversified construction in China. Its ancient charm can beseen in its unique imperial palaces, courtyards and hutongs. The

  7. Beijing Shengji Art School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    IN 1996 Beijing Shengji ArtSchool came into being, anart cradle morket that lies inBeijing’s West Mountains withbeautiful scenery and peaksrising one higher than theother. The specializedboarding middle schooloccupies 30.000 squaremeters, the buildings 12,000square meters. The complexhouses Chinese national andfolk dance, drama (film andtelevision) performance andother specialties, and now hasover 300 students in theschool.

  8. Beijing Development Zones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Beijing Badaling Development Area The Development Area is planned to cover an area of 6.56 km2.Currently,more than 300 enterprises have located in the area.Their investments add up to about RMB 1 billion.Major business trades include machine building,mineral ore processing,medicine,electronic parts,foodstuff processing,and warehousing transportation.

  9. 2008 Beijing Auto Show

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Automakers wage war over Chinese market Athletes from around the world will contend for gold this August during the Beijing Olympic Games, but before the sports gala begins, automakers are already locked in an intense competition of their own to see which will catch the most Chinese buyers.

  10. The coal provinces Shandong and Henan; Die Kohlenprovinzen Shandong und Henan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartlieb, P. von [Technologie- und Marketing-Beratungsgesellschaft Herne mbH (Germany); Strassner, S. [SIGTEC Hua-De Technology Co-operation Co. Ltd., Beijing (China)

    1996-12-12

    The Sino-German joint venture for mining technology Hua-De Technology Co-operation Co. Ltd. (SIGTEC) traversed the coal provinces Shandong and Henan together with TMB Technologie- und Marketing-Beratungsgesellschaft Herne mbH and five North Rhine-Westphalian mining suppliers. The discussions conducted with users and operators during the trip revealed a number of serious difficulties and mistaken assessments. For example, it is probably pointless in most cases for German espaliers to hope to do business with China as long as they are not also seriously prepared to discuss cooperation, transfer of technology and local production. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das seit Ende letzten Jahres betriebsfaehige deutsch-chinesische Joint-venture fuer Bergbautechnik Hua-De Technology Co-operation Co. Ltd. - kurz SIGTEC durchquerte gemeinsam mit der TMB Technologie- und Marketing-Beratungsgesellschaft Herne mbH und fuenf nordrhein-westfaelischen Bergbauzulieferern vom 19. bis 31. Oktober 1996 die Kohlenprovinzen Shandong und Henan. Unter dem Oberthema `Klima-, Steuerungs und Ausbautechnik` beteiligten sich die Firmen Gesellschaft fuer Waermetechnik mbH, Kolk Maschinenbau GmbH, Coal Control Gesellschaft fuer Automation mbh, Kroll und Ziller KG sowie SIEMAG Transplan GmbH. Die Firmen Oschatz GmbH Energie und Umwelt und Rudolf Flender GmbH und Co KG liessen sich durch die TMB vertreten. Der Beitrag berichtet ueber die auf dieser Reise gewonnenen Eindruecke und Moeglichkeiten fuer deutsche Zulieferer. Weitere Reisen dieser Art werden folgen. (orig.)

  11. Beijing International Fashion Brand Promotion Week Opened

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Under the support of China National Garment Association,Beijing Municipal Bureau of Industrial Development, France Advanced Fashion Institute, Fashion Beijing Expo Organizing Committee and Beijing Fashion Textile Industry Association organized 2006 Autumn & Winter Beijing International Fashion Brand Promotion Week in Beijing Asia Hotel from September 20 to 23.

  12. Beijing Tsinghua Solar Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Beijing Tsinghua Solar Ltd. is backed by Tsinghua University, one of the most prestigious universities in China. Tsinghua Solar invented "graded Al-N/Al selective coating," which is the key technology of all-glass evacuated solar collector tubes. The company owns the independent intellectual property rights over the key technology of all-glass vacuum solar water heaters. The registered capital of the company is 153.5 mil-

  13. From Nairobi to Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    TEN years have separated the 1985 UN Third World Conference on Women held in Nairobi, from the UN Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW), held in Beijing, last September. During the past ten years, the world has undergone profound changes in politics, economy and society, which have undoubtedly exerted a great influence on women. Reviewing these ten years it is clear that each government, non-governmental organization, and women themselves have made many achievements in implementing the

  14. Giovanni Arrighi in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Ganesh Trichur; Steven Sherman

    2015-01-01

    Giovanni Arrighi's Adam Smith in Beijing (ASB) subverts the temporality and conceptual vocabulary employed by most writers working in a Marxist tradition. In this view, capitalism is a mode of production which eventually encompasses the entire world. Perhaps it began in England and expanded from there. Perhaps its expansion through colonial empires should be seen as part of its constitution, rather than an after effect (i.e. the perspective of Wallerstein). In any case, it eventually dominate...

  15. Living in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    AS she stuffed her family’s belongings into the back of the car waiting for them at the Beijing International Airport, Yoshie Saito was not sure what was waiting for her and her family in the next three years. She looked at her two children, Hiroki, 11, and Akane, 6, and worried. Will the children be able to cope with the life in a foreign country?

  16. MSA in Beijing aerosol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Hui; WANG Ying; ZHUANG Guoshun

    2004-01-01

    Methane sulphonate (MSA) and sulfate (SO42-), the main oxidation products of dimethyl sulfide (DMS), are the target of atmospheric chemistry study, as sulfate aerosol would have important impact on the global climate change. It is widely believed that DMS is mainly emitted from phytoplankton production in marine boundary layer (MBL), and MSA is usually used as the tracer of non-sea-salt sulfate (nss- SO42-) in marine and coastal areas (MSA/SO42- = 1/18). Many observations of MSA were in marine and coastal aerosols. To our surprise, MSA was frequently (>60%) detected in Beijing TSP, PM10, and PM2.5 aerosols, even in the samples collected during the dust storm period. The concentrations of MSA were higher than those measured in marine aerosols. Factor analysis, correlation analysis and meteorology analysis indicated that there was no obvious marine influence on Beijing aerosols. DMS from terrestrial emissions and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) from industrial wastes could be the two possible precursors of MSA. Warm and low-pressure air masses and long time radiation were beneficial to the formation of MSA. Anthropogenic pollution from regional and local sources might be the dominant contributor to MSA in Beijing aerosol. This was the first report of MSA in aerosols collected in an inland site in China. This new finding would lead to the further study on the balance of sulfur in inland cities and its global biogeochemical cycle.

  17. Itochu to Acquire 30% Share in Apparel Firm Shandong Ruyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In its bid to expand in China's clothing sector, Itochu Corp, a Japanese trading firm which owns textile plants across Asia including China, Japan and Hong Kong, is set to acquire a 30 percent stake in Chinese apparel company Shandong Ruyi Group.

  18. Investigation of trace elements in Guangxi ancient pottery by INAA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region is an original place for manufacture of ancient pottery in China since Zenpiyan site, dated 9240-10370 years ago, was excavated. Contents of trace elements La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb, Lu, U, Th, Sc, Ta, Ba, Cs, Rb, Sr and Zr in 44 pottery shards from Guangxi sites, dated from 1450 B.C. to 200 A.D., were determined by INAA and XRF. The provenances of the 44 samples are postulated by the analyses of geochemical parameters

  19. Investigation of trace elements in Guangxi ancient pottery by INAA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PengZi-Cheng; Yun-Lan; 等

    1997-01-01

    Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region is an original place for manufacture of ancient pottery in China since Zenpiyan site.dated 9240-10370 years ago,was excavated.Contents of trace elements La,Ce,Nd,Sm,Eu,Tb,Yb,Lu,U,Th,Sc,Ta,Ba,Cs,Rb,Sr and Zr in 44 porttery shards from Guangxi sites,dated from 1450B.C. to 200A.D.,were dtermined by INAA and XRF.The proveniences of the 44 samples are postulated by the analyses of geochemical parameters.

  20. Aerosol Properties under Air Quality Control Measures of APEC 2014 in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X.; Xu, H.; Lv, Y.; Xie, Y.; Li, K.; Li, Z.; Li, D.; Ma, Y.; Mei, X.

    2015-12-01

    Because the economic and society were developing fast in the middle of last century, Los Angeles and London both were polluted by photochemical smog, which massacred thousands of people. Now, many regions are often covered by heavy haze in those large developing countries, especially in China and India. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was held in Beijing during 5-11 November 2014. Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, Shandong, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia reduced air pollution emissions for the APEC 2014 meeting held in Beijing. Only in Hebei province, there were 1028 factories stopped or restricted and 881 construction sites stopped. Half of the cars were prohibited driving even in the Zibo city which is 400 km far from Beijing. For scientific aims, these control measures were indeed a huge and uncommon atmospheric experiment led by the government. During the experiment, what did the "APEC Blue" mean? We analyzed aerosol properties with the data of an AERONET site in Beijing which is located 500m far from the main reception hall of APEC 2014. The Cimel solar photometers can give a series parameters of aerosol and water vapor. In this paper, we used CE318 solar photometer which is the main instrument of NASA AERONET. The CE318 of RADI belongs to the Chinese SONET (Sun-sky radiometer Observation NETwork) too. We analyzed the total, coarse and fine Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD), Fine-Mode Fraction (FMF) and Ångström exponent, Size Distribution and Real Refractive Index. In conclusion, the aerosol properties were analysed with the measurements of a sun photometer. During the APEC 2014, AOD decreased obviously with a 0.27 mean value compared with the annual mean 0.7. Around Beijing, the southern is polluted emission area including the cross part of Shandong, Shanxi, Hebei, Henan four provinces, and the northern is clean for less fine mode particles emission in the large Inner Mongolia province. In fact, during the APEC 2014, the weather condition was not good for the

  1. An Analysis of the Impact of Guangxi Agricultural Finance, Loan and Insurance on the Trade between Guangxi and CAFTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukun Wang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Financial support, agriculture loan and insurance are the main funding modes for the development of agriculture. This study firstly uses software eviews6.0 to make an analysis of the current state of the Trade between Guangxi and CAFTA, and then makes a study of the data of the funds and the trading volume of Guangxi-ASEAN, and comes to the conclusion that the funds involved has an effect on the trade volume. Generally, government fiscal support curbs the trade while the agricultural loan and the agricultural insurance promote it; however, the case in Guangxi seems the opposite. The trade volume is promoted by government financial support while curbed by loan and insurance.

  2. Influencing Factors on Farming System Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The developmental situation of the farming system in Shandong Province is introduced.At present,Shandong Province is at the semi-intensive,semi-commercial and semi-sufficiency level of farming system.Eastern coast and central Shandong agricultural zones are moving in the direction of modern farming system,having formed a preliminary new pattern of the coordinated development of grain,feedstuff,economic and other crops.Influencing factors on the development of farming system in Shandong Province is analyzed,which are agricultural production condition and input level,population and food,policy measures,development of natural resources and regions,agricultural industrialization and urbanization level,and scientific and technological level.Total population will be within 100 million at the year 2020;per capita annual share of grain will be 475 kilograms;and there is great pressure on grain production.Therefore,we must change the pattern of agricultural development and accelerate the establishment of modern farming system.Agricultural machinery,water conservancy projects,and chemical fertilizer application have greatly affected the development of farming system.Improvement of production conditions has promoted the adjustment of agricultural structure,increased the planting ratio of winter wheat-summer maize,and improved multiple-cropping index.Development of agricultural industrialization has promoted the transfer of rural labor force and the establishment of modern farming system;while the unbalanced development of cities has restricted the establishment of modern farming system.Therefore,the appropriate policy,scientific and rational regional distribution,and advanced science and technology can help to set up the modern farming system in Shandong Province.

  3. Beijing: Next International Financial Hub?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2008-01-01

    @@ Beijing's new financial dream On May 5,the Beijing Municipal Government released a notice regarding its plans to spur the financial industry,vowing to put forth a strong effort to become the national financial decision-making center,financial management center and financial information and services center,and formally announcing its ambitious aspiration to become a financial hub with international influence.

  4. Income Gap Widens in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The income gap between the highest-and lowestincome groups in Beijing, China's capital city, grew to 4:1 in 2004, up from 3:1 in 2003, according to a sampling survey of 2,000 urban households conducted by the Beijing Municipal Statistics Bureau.Among the most important factors affecting income levels were education and profession, the survey indicated.

  5. Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A shining star on the eastern part of Beijing Kempinski Hotel Beijing Lufthansa Center is located at the heart of the city, a fully integrated business complex with serviced apartments, top-class offices and showrooms. The hotel offers unrivaled conference, business and leisure facilities ideal for business travelers and leisure guests alike. Its impressive blend of grand Chinese cul-

  6. Standardization in Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2012-01-01

    Beijing Opera is the treasure of Chinese traditional dramatic arts.More than 200 years of artistic practice is the process that makes it mature and standardized.Although it is not described by standardized academic terminologies,all the performances of 'Chang (Singing)','Nian(Speaking)','Zuo (Acting)' and 'Da (Fighting)' have been following standardization requirement which is called "Chengshi (pattem)" in professional language or "Fan'er" in jargou,literally meaning a standard pattern.The pattern is the an technology format which is refined and summarized in accordance with the beautify principles from natural forms of things in life and then standardized to be the commonly adhered.

  7. Beijing Lack of "Carrier"Exhibition Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    An Interview towards Mr. Chu Xiangyin, Vice Chairman of Beijing Subcouncil, CCPIT Reporter: Would you please tell us development of exhibition industry in Beijing? Chu Xiangyin: Beijing Statistical Bureau and us have been designing and analyzing statistical system for exhibition industry from 2003. As the largest exhibition center in Beijing,

  8. "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" to Be Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      The General Administration of Press & Publication and State Council Informa tion Office will host "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" prior to the Beijing International Book Fair this year (Aug.30-Sept.1, 2004) in Beijing Friendship Hotel,aiming to look into how to use international practices as reference in the current reform of publishing industry, to provide a dialogue and exchange platform for publishers and overseas leading publishing institutions, to learn advanced overseas publishing management philosophy and to further clear up our country's thinking of publishing industry reform and development.……

  9. "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" to Be Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The General Administration of Press & Publication and State Council Informa tion Office will host "2004 Beijing International Publishing Forum" prior to the Beijing International Book Fair this year (Aug.30-Sept.1, 2004) in Beijing Friendship Hotel,aiming to look into how to use international practices as reference in the current reform of publishing industry, to provide a dialogue and exchange platform for publishers and overseas leading publishing institutions, to learn advanced overseas publishing management philosophy and to further clear up our country's thinking of publishing industry reform and development.

  10. Analysis on the Climate Variation Characteristics of Frost in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the climate variation characteristics of frost in Shandong Province. [Method] The daily minimum surface temperature ≤ 0 ℃ in autumn or spring was as the frost index. Based on the daily minimum surface temperature data in 67 meteorological observatories of Shandong Province during 1961-2008, the variation characteristics of first, last frost dates and frost-free period in Shandong Province were analyzed by using the climate diagnosis analysis method. [Result] The clima...

  11. Shandong Donates 1.8 Million RMB To Japan’s Quake Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>A donation ceremony for earthquake-hit East Japan was held in Jinan,capital of Shandong Province,on May 18.Present were Xie Yutang,President of Shandong Charity Federation (SDCF),Zhang Weiling,President of the Shandong Provincial People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries (SPPAFFC),representatives of donor organizations and a delegation of the Japan-China Economic Exchanges Association visiting China specially for the occasion.

  12. Neolithic rice paddy from the Zhaojiazhuang site, Shandong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    To identify and study the Neolithic rice paddy in Shandong, eastern China, is not only an important issue in the development of Chinese rice agriculture, but also a key part of the study on rice spread in East Asia. Due to the limitation of archaeological materials and the research methods, there have been no discoveries about the Neolithic rice paddy in Shandong Province for a long time. Based on the identification of possible rice paddy by archaeological excavation, phytolith analysis of soil samples from this "paddy" has been systematically carried out and the results have shown a 4600-4300 years old rice paddy preserved at the Zhaojiazhuang site. This is the first examination and study of the rice paddy in North China by systematic phytolith analysis, which is very important for the Neolithic archaeological research and the study of the eastward spread of rice agricultural techniques in East Asia.

  13. Ultramafic xenoliths in Mesozoic diorite in west Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Lihui; ZHOU Xinhua

    2004-01-01

    Ultramafic xenoliths are common in Tietonggou intrusion, Laiwu, Shandong Province. Peridotite xenoliths develop two-stage metasomatism popularly: (i) The early metasomatism is characterized by intergranular clinopyroxene and phlogopite; (ii) The later metasomatism is characterized by orthopyroxene veins with a few plagioclases and amphiboles. These ultramafic xenoliths are thought to be mostly from the crust-mantle transitional zone on the basis of their combination, mineral chemistry, equilibrium temperature, and metasomatic characteristics. Major elements, rare earth elements, and Sr-Nd isotopic composition of the ultramafic xenoliths indicate that there is a petrogenetic relationship between the silica-enriched xenoliths and their host diorites. We propose that such silica enrichment might be an indicator of melt-rock interactions in the Mesozoic lithosphere beneath western Shandong.

  14. Estimation on the Total Quantity of Biomass Energy and Its Environmental Benefit Analysis in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to estimate the total quantity of biomass energy and analyze its environmental benefit in Shandong Province.[Method] Based on the data from the statistics yearbook of Shandong Province in 2010,the total quantity of biomass resources and biomass energy in Shandong Province in 2009 was estimated,and its environmental benefit was analyzed.[Result] Biomass resources in Shandong Province mainly refer to crop residues,forest residues,grassland changed from degraded land.If degraded land be...

  15. Relation among Summer Rainfall in South Shandong and High Pressure in South Asia and Atmospheric Circulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the relation among summer rainfall in south Shandong and high pressure in South Asia and atmospheric circulation.[Method] Taking the precipitation in south Shandong along the Yellow River and Huaihe River,using the NCEP/NCAR data and summer rainfall data in south Shandong in summer from 1961 to 2005,the characteristics of high pressure in South Asia and atmospheric circulation in drought year and flood year in summer in south Shandong Province were expounded.The mechanism of...

  16. Chinalco Guangxi Rare Earth Signed Strategic Cooperation Agreement with Yulin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>On June 18,Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous&Rare Earth Development Co.,Ltd("Chinalco Guangxi Rare Earth")signed"Strategic Cooperation Agreement"with Yulin People’s Government,signifying that Guangxi rare earth resource and industry integration development led by Chinalco had made a key step forward.Sun zhaoxue,General Manager of Chinalco,Ding Haiyan,Assistant to General Manager of Chinalco and President of China Rare Metals

  17. Fourth Beijing Human Rights Forum Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2012-01-01

    The Fourth Beijing Forum on Human Rights was held in Beijing from September 21-23,2011.Jointly sponsored by the China Society for Human Rights Studies and the China Human Rights Development Foundation,the forum was centered on the theme of "Cultural Tradition,Concept of Values and Human Rights." Attending were nearly 100senior human rights officials,specialists and scholars from 26 countries and regions as well as the United Nations and other international organizations.

  18. Beijing restaurant network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Chun-Hua; Zhnag, Pei-Fang; Wang, Yong-Li; Shi, Jian-Jun; Feng, Ai-Xia; He, Da-Ren

    2008-03-01

    We have empirically studied the restaurants in Beijing and suggested a network description on the system. We define the restaurants as nodes and connect a link between two nodes if the two restaurants sell a common dish. The edge represents the sale competition relationship. In order to describe the competition, we define a node weight, which is the mark given by consumers on an evaluation network (http://www.dianping.com), to the restaurant in cooking the dish. 3338 nodes and 688 dishes have been investigated. We find that both the total node weight, which is defined as the sum of the node weight in all the dishes, and the so-called dish weight, which is defined as the sum of the node weight in one dish, show a rather nice power law distribution.

  19. Beijing seen from above

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bruce Connolly

    2005-01-01

    <正>Nothing can compare to looking down this old city from above. Beijing’s physical growth during the last 30 years makes it difficult to appreciate the layout of the city and the relationship of each district to the city as a whole. It would be great to actually see it from the air, but the city’s airport is to the east of the built-up area and only on very clear days can the whole city stretching to the Western Hills be seen during descent. Maps of Beijing, updated with the layout of the city every year, can give a two-dimensional view of the city’s shape and particularly the development of the urban highway network. However, nothing can compare to looking down from above.

  20. Why Overseas Moguls Choose Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIJINGXIA

    2003-01-01

    TODAY,China is an area of strategic significance to tofreign businesses.World IT giants like Bill Gates,Scott McNealy,and Michael Dell all formulated their individual development strategies after visiting China.Gates is soon to invest substantially in establishing a Chinese base,McNealy is jockeying for a bigger piece of the Chinese market,and Michael Dell has expressed his intention to make China a crucial link within his global strategy.These facts confirm China's position within transnational corporate global strategy.To date,a total 20 transnational corporations have chosen Beijing as their regional headquarters,and among the top 500 transnational corporations,160 have invested in Beijing.What is it about Beijing that so draws international investors?And what impression do they have of Beijing?

  1. New Luxury in Regal Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Beijing is a city where informationpours in from all over the world,where international brands are set amongst beautiful traditions. Here prosperity is promised, and a successful new generation is creating its own trends, cultures and values. For these pioneers of style and individuality, the LG Beijing Tower is poised to provide a place to work, shop and interact in an environment that embodies new trends and sophistication.

  2. Haze over Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Thick haze collected over the Beijing region in late March 2007. Earlier that month, the BBC News reported that an international team of scientists had documented how increasing pollution in China led to decreasing rainfall over the region. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying onboard the Aqua satellite captured these images of the Beijing region on March 22, 2007. The top image is a 'true-color' picture, similar to a digital photo. The bottom, 'false-color,' image uses a combination of visible and infrared light to more clearly show vegetation, water, and clouds. Even sparse vegetation appears bright green, while water appears deep blue (bright blue when tinged with sediment). Clouds dominated by water droplets appear white, while clouds made of ice crystals appear light blue. The false-color image highlights water bodies, perhaps aqua-culture ponds, that are all but invisible in the true-color image, especially along the shores of the Bo Hai. While vegetation and water show up more clearly in the false-color image, haze is much more transparent. Although dingy gray haze dominates the true-color picture, it is all but invisible in the false-color view. The haze 'disappears' in the infrared-enhanced image because tiny haze particles do not reflect longer-wavelength infrared light very well, making this type of image useful for distinguishing haze from clouds. The bank of clouds in the upper right corner shows up clearly in both pictures. As China industrializes, factories, power plants, and automobiles all contribute to pollution in the region. In examining pollutants and rainfall, the team of scientists examined records covering more than 50 years, concluding that pollution decreased precipitation at Mount Hua near Xi'an in central China. They concluded that when conditions are so hazy that visibility is reduced to less than 8 kilometers (5 miles), hilly precipitation can drop by 30 to 50 percent. When moist air passes over mountains

  3. Giovanni Arrighi in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganesh Trichur

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Giovanni Arrighi's Adam Smith in Beijing (ASB subverts the temporality and conceptual vocabulary employed by most writers working in a Marxist tradition. In this view, capitalism is a mode of production which eventually encompasses the entire world. Perhaps it began in England and expanded from there. Perhaps its expansion through colonial empires should be seen as part of its constitution, rather than an after effect (i.e. the perspective of Wallerstein. In any case, it eventually dominates the world and every place that is a part of it through such phenomena as, multinational corporations, wage labor, and international capital flows. The particular class relations, political systems, and international relations that held before the spread of capitalism are only of interest to the extent that they leave a residue which may be reclaimed by actors seeking to reinforce or undermine the rule of capital in particular places. For Arrighi, Chinese development neither is, nor ever was, simply “capitalist.” Rather, it was, and continues to be “Smithian,” devoted to the maintenance and expansion of a market society (the obvious irony here is that China is seen as more “Smithian” than those places which most heartily celebrate the Scottish political economist.

  4. Huaxi Group Planning to Integrate Guangxi Non-Ferrous Industry Through Fund Raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Huaxi Group is planning to integrate the Guangxi non-ferrous metal industry after the completion of restructuring.Experts from the industry expressed the concern that Huaxi is likely to prepare for holistic listing for its main business upon the completion of restructuring so as to raise fund for the integration of non- ferrous resources in the Guangxi Autonomous

  5. Guangxi Speeds up the Development of 300,000 tonnes Recycled Aluminum Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The reporter learned from Guangxi Wuzhou Municipal government that at present, the construction of Guangxi Nonferrous Metals Group’s 300,000 tonnes recycled aluminum processing project is in full swing at the Wuzhou Import Renewable Resources Processing Park.

  6. How to alleviate the electricity scarcity in Guangxi : an analysis of electricity pricing

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    With the rapid economic growth and the increase of the population, Guangxi, a province with abundant hydropower resource, is facing a severe electricity shortage problem. This situation forces Guangxi¡¯s decision makers, the local government, to seek methods to alleviate the problem of electricity scarcity, and among the measures the way of re-pricing electricity seems a proper one.

  7. Chinalco Signed Agreement with Guangxi Autonomous Region to Drive Forward Cooperation in Investment Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>Recently,the Aluminum Corporation of China Limited and the People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region held signing ceremony for investment cooperation agreement in Nanning City.Luo Jianchuan,member of the CPC Party Leadership Group of Chinalco and President of Chinalco,and Chen Gang,Vice Chairman of the People’s Government of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous

  8. CHALCO and Guangxi Government Joined Forces to Drive Forward Optimization and Upgrading of Rare Earth Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>In early June, Ding Haiyan, Assistant to General Manager of CHALCO and President of China Rare Metals And Rare Earth Corporation, met with Yang Daoxi, Vice Chairman of the People’s Congress of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in Nanning, and exchanged views on further development of Guangxi rare

  9. Trachoma rapid assessment in Shandong province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qu Yi; Bi Hongsheng; Wen Ying; Li Chaofeng; Wu Hui

    2014-01-01

    Background This research aims at identifying relative interventions on trachoma and testing the effectiveness of control measures adopted by assessing its prevalence and related risk factors in Shandong province of China.Methods Trachoma rapid assessment (TRA) was conducted in 6 sub-districts selected from Shandong province based on primary high risk assessment.Active trachoma in children aged 1-9 years and environmental risk factors of trachoma (unclean faces,absence of running water,and absence of flush toilets) were assessed (TRA 1).Control measures were taken in endemic areas.A second TRA (TRA 2) was conducted after 12 months in the same 6 districts and findings of the two TRAs were compared.Results In TRA 1,we found trachoma in 3 sub-districts and the detection rate was 4% (95% Cl:0.39%-11.12%),6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%),and 6% (95% Cl:1.18%-14.17%) respectively.We could not find trachoma cases in TRA 2.Research data supports that children living with environmental risk factors face an increased risk to active trachoma.However,we could not find statistical evidence for this association,which may be caused by the limited data on prevalence.Conclusions This research indicates that the TRA methodology is easy to assess trachoma and its related risk factors.Based on the results of this study,we have already achieved the goal of "elimination of trachoma" in Shandong province,as the detection rate of trachomatous inflamation follicular/trachomatous inflammation intense in 1-9-year-old children was less than 5%.

  10. Private Museums Gain Popularity in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Staff; Wangfeng

    2003-01-01

    "Have you ever been to a private museum?" The question pops upregularly in conversations here,indicating that smaller, specialized museums have become a valued partof Beijing cultural life. The trendstarted with the Beijing Guan Fu Classical Art Museum,

  11. Hydrobios and Control of Eutrophication in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The Hydrobios in Dongping Lake, Shandong Province, mainly includes phytoplankton, zooplankton, benthic animals, fishes and hydrophytic vascular plants. Nitrogen and phosphorus are the restrictive factors for the growth and propagation of hydrophyta, therefore the key to the prevention and control of eutrophication in lakes lies in the control of the contents of the two elements in the water. Artificial fishing of algae can reduce the concentrations of trophic substances such as nitrogen and phosphorus in the water bodies, and biological measures may decrease the contents of these trophic substances in the bottom sediments and the water bodies, thereby playing an active role in modifying the eutrophication of the lake.

  12. Poliomyelitis surveillance in Shandong Province, China, 1990-92.

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Y; Xu, A.; Li, L.; T. Lei; Takezaki, T; Hagiwara, A.; Yoneyama, T; T Fujiwara; Hara, M.; Yamamoto, T.

    1994-01-01

    In Shandong Province, China, programmes were initiated in 1991 for mass immunization against poliomyelitis and for the immediate reporting of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). The incidence of non-poliomyelitis AFP was found to be 0.46-0.61 cases per 100,000 children per annum. It appeared that illness resembling the Guillain-Barré syndrome was underreported. The incidence of such illness peaked among children aged 2-3 years. Although laboratory investigations have improved, in 1992 they were st...

  13. Beijing Kowloon Railway, A Shortcut from Beijing to Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    At 2,397 kilometers, the Beijing-Kowloon Railway is the shortest line from China’s capital to Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR. On September 1, 1996, the No. 105 train made its debut at the Beijing West Railway Station and started to click along to the other terminal in Shenzhen. At present, five pairs of trains are running on the railway. Technically, the new line was built to alleviate the bottleneck situation of the rail transportation. In addition, it is hoped that the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone can help spur the economies of the

  14. Group Wedding For Migrant Workers in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Aspecial group wedding was held recently in Beijing for five newly-weds all of whom came to Beijing in search of better prospects. The event was cosponsored by Beijing Purple House Clothing Decoration for Marriage Company and the Home for Working Women. Zhang Shuguo, general manager of the Marriage Company, said the purpose of the ceremony was to express the value of

  15. Beijing in Favor of Transnational Investment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A ccording to the Beijing Municipal Foreign Economic Relations and Trade Commission, the number of certified regional headquarters of transnational companies in Beijing had reached 20 by August, and in the first seven months of this year utilized foreign investment in the city amounted to US $3.3 billion. This year Yamaha, Sony-Ericsson and British Petroleum entered Beijing,

  16. 15th Beijing International Book Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The 15th Beijing Intemational Book Fair(BIBF)is to be held in Tianjin on September 1-4.It is the first time that the fair is held outside of Beijing. The change of venue is because the book fair coincides with the closing of the Beijing Olympic Games and the open-

  17. Genetic polymorphism of 23 Y-STR loci in the Zhuang minority population in Guangxi of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Haibo; Song, Feng; Zhang, Lushun; Hou, Yiping

    2015-07-01

    In the present study, 23 Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, YGATAH4, and DYS385ab) were investigated in 266 unrelated, healthy autochthonous individuals from the Zhuang minority population residing in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. One hundred and eighty-nine alleles and 245 haplotypes were found in the Zhuang group. Two hundred and twenty-four haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 21 haplotypes were found in two individuals. Discrimination capacity was 0.9211. Haplotype diversity was 0.9993 and gene diversity ranged from 0.4173 (DYS437) to 0.9678 (DYS385ab). Populations' differentia was calculated and compared with Tibetan, Bai, Dai, Minnan Han, Beijing Han, Chengdu Han, Xuanwei Han, and Southern Han ethnic groups in China, the Singapore Han population, and the Kinh group from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, in the same 23 Y-STR loci. Our results showed that these 23 Y-STRs are highly genetically polymorphic in the Zhuang group and can also enrich Chinese ethnic genetic information. PMID:25877764

  18. The Days Hotel & Suites Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A Cultural Concept Located within striking distance of Beijing's booming Central Business District, the Days Hotel & Suites Beijing also offers easy access to the art of the imperial city. Adjacent to the Panjiayuan Flea Market, where curios and folk artworks of the ancient capital are bought and traded, it is a multi-function concept of fine dining and entertainment that taps into the cultural essence of China's storied past. In the entrance to the sizeable lobby of Regal Palace Chinese Cuisine House, a...

  19. Trace Element Geochemistry of Cenozoic Volcanic Rocks in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈道公; 李彬贤; 等

    1989-01-01

    The Cenozoic volcanic rock of Shandong Province are mainly alkalic and strongly alkalic basaltic rocks.The Contents of major and trace elements including transitional,incompatible and rare-earth elements were determined.The chemical characterisitics of major and trace elements indicate that these basaltic rocks were derived from a mantle source and probably represent a primary magma,I,e.,unmodifiecd partical melts of mantle peridotite in terms of Mg values,correlatione between P2O5 and Ce,Sr,Ni and Rb concentrations,mantle xenoliths,etc.The abundances of trace elements vary systematically from west to east.The compatible transition elements such as Co,Ni,and Cr show a remarkable depletion,whereas the incompatible and rare-earth elements are abundant as viewed from the chondrite-nor-malized patterns.The chemical composition and correlation are consistent with the tectonic setting.According to the batch and fractional partial melting theory,the trace element contents of Shandong volcanic rocks can be calculated from the two-component mixing model.

  20. Estimation of Citywide Air Pollution in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Jin-Feng Wang; Mao-Gui Hu; Cheng-Dong Xu; George Christakos; Yu Zhao

    2013-01-01

    There has been discrepancies between the daily air quality reports of the Beijing municipal government, observations recorded at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, and Beijing residents' perceptions of air quality. This study estimates Beijing's daily area PM(2.5) mass concentration by means of a novel technique SPA (Single Point Areal Estimation) that uses data from the single PM(2.5) observation station of the U.S Embassy and the 18 PM(10) observation stations of the Beijing Municipal Environment...

  1. Beijing: Beyond the Olympic city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Mega-event strategies have become part of a deliberate urban policy for cities around the world. There is a particular concern on how to combine the preparation of a mega-event with urban development processes that meet long-term demands. This paper examines how Beijing tried to use the Summer Olymp

  2. Bars in Beijing Old Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUANYUNZHANG

    2003-01-01

    It's seven pm on a summer's evening by Shichahao Lake,central Beijing.A welcome breeze whispers across the lake,and the ruddy vestiges of sunset linger on roofs and treetops.A low hum emanates from bars on the lakeshore packed with young people chatting,drinking and generally

  3. Olympic Effect on Beijing Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Liqin

    2008-01-01

    @@ Olympic logistics network as preparationIn 2003, the Beijing municipal government proposed the blueprint for three key logistics projects for the 2008 Olympics. It planned to build three logistics bases (at Yancun in Fangshan District, Majuqiao in Tongzhou, and Shahe in Changping District) along with four logistics centers (at Tianzhu in Chaoyang, Shibajiadian in Chaoyang, Dazhuang in Daxing, and Mentougou).

  4. Beijing Star Lake Ecology Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Beijing Star Lake Ecology Park is a Five-star hotel which has developed multi-functions of restaurant, lodge, bath, landscape seeing, leisure,body exercise, recreation, Ecology agriculture,etc. Occupying an area of 500 mu, the park is an environmental friendly five-star hotel.

  5. TWOWS Assembly Convenes in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Jianlan

    2010-01-01

    @@ "Women are still under-represented in the fields of science and technology,"remarked HE Naledi Pandor,minister of science and technology of South Africa,at her invited speech heralding the opening of the Fourth General Assembly and International Conference of the Third World Organization for Women in Science(TWOWS)on the morning of June 27 in Beijing.

  6. Beijing +5 Review Outcome Document

    OpenAIRE

    United Nations, UN

    2000-01-01

    The Beijing +5 Outcome Document strengthened commitments to eradicate harmful traditional practices, including so called 'honour killings', forced marriages and female genital mutilation. Among other things, it also called upon governments to eliminate gender discriminatory legislation by 2005 and create greater access to affordable treatment and care for women and girls living with HIV and AIDS.

  7. Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Partners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ At Olympic times, many business giants try to expand their influence by sponsoring the Games. The Games is an opportunity for them to turn from a national to an international brand. Here are brief introductions to some of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games partners.

  8. Sound Security,Safe Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ With the approach of the long a waited event,Chinese authorities have geared up to intensify security preparations.In line with the"people-oriented"and"athletes-centered"ideas,Beijing will spare no efforts to provide quality services and to build a safe and cornfort able environment that will satisfy all the Games' participants.

  9. Dinoflagellate cysts in recent marine sediment from Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haifeng Gu; Qi Fang; Jun Sun; Dongzhao Lan; Feng Cai; Zhiyong Gao

    2003-01-01

    Total of 33 species of dinoflagellate cysts were discovered from surface sediment in the searegion of Guangxi, among them 12 cyst types (Diplopsalopsis sp. 1, D. sp.2, D. sp.3, Cochlodiniumsp., Protoperidinium sp. 1, P. sp. 2, P.compressum, Scrippsiella sp. 1, S. sp. 2, Alexandriumsp. 1, A. sp. 2, A. sp. 3) were first reported from the South China Sea. And one cyst type(Cochlodinium sp. ) was first reported in the world. Scrippsiella trochoidea is the dominant species inthis area, accounting for 45 % of all the cysts. There are 2 cysts of toxic dinoflagellate (Alexandriumtamarensis and Gymnodinium catenatum ). But there is no relationship between cyst number and grainsize distribution.

  10. Baise City of Guangxi Province Plans to Build a Key Asian Aluminium Production Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Baise City of Guangxi Province is launching a project to build the aluminium industry into a pillar industry worth 100 billion yuan,and make Baise a key aluminium production base in China and Asia at large,said Ma Biao, Chairman of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in a conference that concludes the per- formance of the government in the first half of the year.Guangxi,abundant in bauxite,is one of the four bauxite bases in China.Its potential reserve of bauxite tops 1 billion tons,mainly in

  11. Transport pathway and depocenter of anthropogenic heavy metals off the Shandong Peninsula, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Gang; Liu, Jian; Pei, Shaofeng; Gao, Maosheng; Kong, Xianghuai

    2016-10-01

    Surface sediment grain size as well as the spatial distribution, sources and geochemical baseline levels of heavy metals in the south Shandong Peninsula clinoform were analyzed to determine the transport pathway and main depocenter of anthropogenic heavy metals off the peninsula. Results showed that the surface sediments were primarily silt-sized components, and the fine grain matter mainly originated from the Yellow River and rivers around Laizhou Bay. Heavy metals Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr, and Cd were predominantly from natural sources and their spatial distributions were controlled by grain size; conversely, anthropogenic As (concentration above geochemical baseline level 10.9 mg/kg) was principally derived from human activities, and its transportation from the Yellow River and Laizhou Bay was controlled by the Shandong Coastal Current off the Shandong Peninsula. Furthermore, the anthropogenic As was deposited in three main areas, that is, the Yellow River estuary, Laizhou Bay, and south Shandong Peninsula clinoform.

  12. Nucleotide sequence characterization and phylogenetic analysis of hantaviruses isolated in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jian; ZHAO Zhong-tang; WANG Zhi-qiang; LIU Yun-xi; HU Mao-hong

    2007-01-01

    Background China is the most severe endemic area of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in the world with 30 000-50 000 cases reported annually, which accounts for more than 90% of total number of cases worldwide. The incidence rate of the syndrome in Shandong Province is one of the highest in China, which has ever reached 50 per 100 000 persons per year. However, the molecular characteristics of hantaviruses (HV) epidemic in Shandong Province remain unclear. Therefore it is useful to clarify nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic characteristics of HV isolated in Shandong Province in order to provide better advices to control and prevent HFRS.Methods RNAs were extracted from sera of clinically diagnosed patients and positive rodent lungs that were detected by indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA). Partial M segments of HV were amplified from the RNAs with reverse transcription nested polymerase chain reactions (nested PCR) using hantavirus genotype specific primers. The nested PCR products were sequenced and compared with those from previously epidemic isolates in Shandong and with other representative HV sequences from GenBank. Phylogenetic tree analyses were performed based on the sequences of the M genes.Results Thirty-four HV isolates in Shandong showed 67.1%-100% nucleotide identities. The nucleotide homologies among 6 Hantaan viruses (HTNV) isolates in Shandong were 78.1%-98.7%, while the homologies among 28 Seoul virus (SEOV) isolates in Shandong were 93.7%-100%. There were at least 3 subtypes HTNV (H2, H5, H9) and 2 subtypes SEOV (S2, S3) in Shandong Province.Conclusions In Shandong Province, the homologies of HTNV were lower and there were no predominant subtypes,while the homologies of SEOV were higher and S3 was the predominant subtype. The homologies of SEOV from rodents were higher than those from patients. The distribution of subtypes in Shandong was similar to that of the adjoining provinces. Phylogenetic analyses of the sequences showed

  13. Shandong University Key Lab of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, Ministry of Education of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In 1995, the Key Lab of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Metals was set up by the approval of Shandong province, but the research work on the liquid structure and heredity of materials started in the last three decades. In 2000, combining the lab of engineering ceramic and the institute of joining technology in Shandong University, the lab was established as Key Lab of Liquid Structure and Heredity of Materials, by the approval of the Ministry of Education.

  14. Molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁玉起

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics and antibiotic resistance profiles of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Shandong province.Methods A total of 13 strains of V.cholerae O139(9 clinical strains and 4 environmental strains)isolated from cholera epidemics in Shandong province since 1997 were recovered and confirmed with serum agglutination and biochemical reaction.Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(PFGE)was carried out for molecular subtyping.Virulence genes and

  15. Shandong Heavy Industry Co.,Ltd.Aims to the Top Leader in the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Ye

    2009-01-01

    @@ The financial crisis plunged a lot of enterprises into straitened circumstances.Some globally famous enterprises even went into bankruptcy.However,the newly reorganized Shandong Heavy Industry expected its revenue of over 60 billion RMB and the increasing profit as 40% this year.Mr.Tan Xuguang,the president of Shandong Heavy Industry,deemed that his company would enter into global heavy industry club of hundreds billion RMB within three or five years.

  16. Coal Consumption Reduction in Shandong Province: A Dynamic Vector Autoregression Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun Deng

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Coal consumption and carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion in China are attracting increasing attention worldwide. Between 1990 and 2013, the coal consumption in Shandong Province increased by approximately 5.29 times. Meanwhile, the proportion of coal consumption of Shandong Province to China rose from 7.6% to 10.8%, and to the world, it rose from 1.8% to 5.5%. Identifying the drivers of coal consumption in Shandong Province is vital for developing effective environmental policies. This paper uses the Vector Autoregression model to analyze the influencing factors of coal consumption in Shandong Province. The results show that industrialization plays a dominant role in increasing coal consumption. Conversely, coal efficiency is the key factor to curtailing coal consumption. Although there is a rebound effect of coal efficiency in the short term, from a long-term perspective, coal efficiency will reduce coal consumption gradually. Both economic growth and urbanization have a significant effect on coal consumption in Shandong Province. In addition, the substitution effect of oil to coal has not yet met expectations. These findings are important for relevant authorities in Shandong in developing appropriate policies to halt the growth of coal consumption.

  17. Spatio-temporal Evolution on Geographic Boundaries of HFRS Endemic Areas in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yan Xun; WANG Zhi Qiang; GUO Jing; TANG Fang; SUN Xiu Bin; XUE Fu Zhong; KANG Dian Min

    2013-01-01

    Objective To take effective strategies and measures for the prevention and control of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) endemic areas by investigating its dynamic geographical boundaries in Shandong Province, China. Methods The incidence of HFRS from 1982 to 2008 in Shandong Prvince, China, was detected with inverse distance weighting (IDW) interpolation based on geographical information system (GIS). Dynamic geographical boundaries of HFRS endemic areas in Shandong Province, China, were analyzed by geographical boundary analysis. Results The HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Linyi City in phase 1 (1982-1986), the SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS were located in Jining City in phase 2 (1987-2003), and the endemic areas of HFRS in Jining City gradually disappeared and the endemic areas of HFRS with mixed-types of reservoir rodents were located in Linyi City in phase 3 (2004-2008). Meanwhile, new endemic areas emerged in the northwestern Shandong province, China. Conclusion The SEO-type endemic areas of HFRS are located in western Shandong Province, China, and the HTN-type endemic areas of HFRS are located eastern Shandong Province, Chin, indicating that the endemic areas of HFRS should be vaccinated and rodents should be controlled.

  18. Singing Carmina Burana in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHONG

    2005-01-01

    IN 1803 a collection of 13th century stories, poems and songs, known as the Carmina Burana, was discovered in a Bavarian monastery. The celebrated German composer Carl Orff selected various pieces from it,and transformed them into his greatestwork. On March 4 this year, Hamburg's well-known Christianeum High School Choir enthralled young Beijing musicians with their performance of this classical music.

  19. New Chongwen:Old Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    From early March work will begin in Chongwen District,one of the four downtown districts of Beijing,to renovate 27 old hutongs,repairing the walls and doors,as well as making the sur- rounding area green.The project is supposed to be finished at the end of May. The famous Qianmen Avenue,located near Tiananmen Square,is already undergoing simi- lar restoration work that should be completed by the end of May.

  20. Wintertime Haze Formation in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy Zamora, M. E.

    2015-12-01

    Recent severe haze events in China have attracted significant public attention due to the severely reduced visibility and unprecedentedly high pollutant concentrations. Particular attention has been given to the high concentrations of particulate matter with a diameter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5), which can exceed several hundred micrograms per cubic meter over several days. During January and February of 2015, a suite of aerosol instruments was deployed in Beijing to directly measure a comprehensive set of aerosol properties, including the particle size distribution, effective density, and chemical composition. In this presentation, we will discuss the particulate matter formation mechanisms, the evolution of aerosol properties throughout the event, and how the winter formation mechanisms compare with the warmer seasons. We show that the periodic cycles of severe haze episodes in Beijing are largely driven by meteorological conditions. During haze events, stagnation typically develops as a result of a low planetary boundary layer and weak southerly wind from polluted industrial source regions. Stronger northerly winds were frequently observed during the clean period, which carry unpolluted air masses from the less populated northern mountainous areas. Nucleation consistently occurs on clean days, producing a high number concentration of nano particles. The particle mass concentration exceeding several hundred micrograms per cubic meter is attributed to the continuous size growth from the nucleation-mode particles (diameter less than 10 nm) over multiple days to produce a high concentration of larger particles (diameter greater than 100 nm). The particle chemical composition in Beijing is similar to those commonly measured in other urban centers, which is indicative of chemical constituents dominated by secondary aerosol formation. Our results reveal that the severe haze formation in Beijing during the wintertime is similar to the mechanism of haze formation

  1. Copyright agencies in Beijing, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI; Yonggang; WANG; Jingui

    2009-01-01

    Based on a study of copyright agencies in Beijing area,this paper reviews the historical development of the work of copyright agencies and their agents.It analyzes their business related problems that these copyright agencies and agents are facing today.This paper also proposes a few remedial measures that may usher this copyright industry into a more sustainable development and also with a more promising outlook.

  2. Beijing: Beyond the Olympic city

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Y

    2012-01-01

    Mega-event strategies have become part of a deliberate urban policy for cities around the world. There is a particular concern on how to combine the preparation of a mega-event with urban development processes that meet long-term demands. This paper examines how Beijing tried to use the Summer Olympic Games 2008 to fight its spatial and environmental problems, and create a new image for the city.

  3. Beijing Promises Event to Remember

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The host city is confident of staging a green, dope-free and stunning Olympic Games The world will remember the Beijing Olympic Games for its touching open- ing ceremony and Olympic Village with Chinese cultural elements,prom- ised key figures in the event’s preparation work at a press conference on March 12. During the annual session of the National Committee of the 11th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC),

  4. Northern Economic Hub:Beijing or Tianjin?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The government says Tianjin, today's market suggests Beijing and some academics say the "or" is all wrong Beijing and Tianjin, the two largest cities in north China, are going through catharsis. According to the re-planning of the State Council, Beijing should shed its role as north China's economic center, and Tianjin should grow into being just that. Tianjin has long been viewed as an important economic center, but not the cen

  5. Extra large bauxite mines with 120 million tons discovered in Guangxi Congzuo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>According to Guangxi General Institute of Geological Prospecting,after 3 years of hard work,prospecting team has discovered extra large bauxite mines with resources of 120 mil- lion tons in Youjiang area in Guangxi. It is said that the newly-found extra large baux- ite mines are situated in the city of Congzuo. The ore belt lays generally northeast with 50

  6. Estimation of Production Amount of Livestock and Poultry Manure and Environmental Impact Assessment in Guangxi

    OpenAIRE

    Liao, Qing; Huang, Dongliang; Jiang, Zepu; Wei, Guangpo; Liang, Panxia; Wang, Yuning; LI, Yangrui

    2013-01-01

    This study was intended to estimate production of major livestock and poultry manure and contaminant content, and find out current situation of manure pollution, so as to provide reference for pollution control of livestock and poultry breeding industry in Guangxi. Based on the related statistic data in 2010 and the excretion coefficient of different livestock and poultry, the manure and its contaminant production amount of main livestock and poultry in Guangxi were estimated. Then the annual...

  7. Complete Genome Sequences of an Avian Orthoreovirus Isolated from Guangxi, China

    OpenAIRE

    Teng, Liqiong; Xie, Zhixun; Xie, Liji; Liu, Jiabo; Pang, Yaoshan; Deng, Xianwen; Xie, Zhiqin; Fan, Qing; Luo, Sisi

    2013-01-01

    We report the complete genomic sequences of an avian orthoreovirus, strain GuangxiR1, isolated from a chicken flock in Guangxi Province, southern China, in 2000. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the strain is closely related to the S1133 strain, which is associated with tenosynovitis, but is far different from strain AVS-B, which is associated with runting-stunting syndrome in broilers.

  8. Chinalco and China National Administration of Coal Geology Jointly Built Guangxi Rare Earth Industrial Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>On June 3,Chinalco and China National Administration of Coal Geology signed cooperation agreement for strategic cooperation&cooperation agreement between Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Development Company and Xuzhou Jin Shi Pengyuan Rare Earth Material Factory.According to the agreement,both sides would jointly support Chinalco Guangxi Nonferrous Rare Earth Development Company and Xuzhou Jin Shi Pengyuan Rare Earth Material Factory to carry out comprehensive cooperation covering rare

  9. Diagnosing Beijing 2020: Mapping the Ungovernable City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Visser

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Beijing Municipality, characterised by the ‘off-ground’ architecture distinguishing neo-liberal privatisation, is attempting to mitigate the damaging effects of rampant development on the social fabric, cultural heritage, and the environment by adopting sustainable urban planning. I argue that the sustainability rhetoric in the Beijing Municipality 2020 Plans functions in part as strategic metaphors masking unnamed, imminent threats to governance. In this article I diagnose four Beijing plans (Beijing 2006-2015 ‘Rail Transit Plan’ for Compact City, Beijing 2005-2020 ‘Underground Space Plan’ for Alternative Space, Beijing 2006-2020 ‘Undeveloped Area Plan’ for Ecological Responsibility, and Beijing 2006-2010 ‘Low-income Housing Plan’ for Affordability and Liveability. A diagrammatics of the plans illuminates not so much a mapping of Beijing’s future as the forms of spontaneity preoccupying the nation at this historical juncture. The Beijing 2020 plan, as city mapping more generally, discloses the imminence of ungovernable city. The fact that citizens are demanding greater authority over Beijing governance suggests that radical alterations to its urban fabric and quality of life have incited the imminent sociability that is the city.

  10. Variation Characteristics of Low Temperature and Rainy Weather in Guangxi during Spring Sowing Period of Recent 50 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the variation characteristics of low temperature and rainy weather in Guangxi during spring sowing period of recent 50 years.[Method] Based on the daily average temperature data from 1961 to 2010 at 88 meteorological stations in Guangxi,yearly days and end date of low temperature and rainy weather during spring sowing period were carried out statistics.The variation characteristics of low temperature and rainy weather in Guangxi during spring sowing period of recent 5...

  11. Modeling analysis of the seasonal characteristics of haze formation in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, X.; Zhang, M.; Gao, J.; Wang, S.; Chai, F.

    2014-09-01

    The air quality modeling system RAMS-CMAQ (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System-Community Multiscale Air Quality), coupled with an aerosol optical property scheme, was applied to simulate the meteorological field, major aerosol components (sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, black carbon, organic carbon, dust, and sea salt), and surface visibility over the North China Plain (NCP) in 2011. The modeled results in February and July 2011 were selected and analyzed to obtain an in-depth understanding of the haze formation mechanism in Beijing for different seasons. The simulation results showed that the visibility was below 10 km for most regions of the NCP, and dropped to less than 5 km over the megacities of Beijing and Tianjin, the whole of Hebei Province, and the northwest part of Shandong Province during pollution episodes in February and July. The heavy mass concentration of PM2.5 ranged from 120 to 300 μg m-3 and was concentrated in the areas with low visibility. The haze formation mechanism in Beijing in winter was different from that in summer. The mass concentration of PM2.5 was higher, and the components more complicated, in winter. While the mass concentration of PM2.5 in summer was lower than that in winter, the mass concentrations of hygroscopic inorganic salts were comparable with those in winter, and the relative humidity was, as expected, higher. Therefore, the water uptake of hygroscopic aerosols played a key role in summer. Moreover, the analysis showed that the influence of the PM2.5 mass burden on visibility was very weak when its value was larger than 100 μg m-3. Only when the mass burden of PM2.5 decreased to a certain threshold interval did the visibility increase rapidly. This indicates that, when emission reduction measures are taken to control haze occurrence, the mass burden of PM2.5 must be cut to below this threshold interval. The relationship between the threshold of haze occurrence and the relative humidity in Beijing was fitted by an

  12. Analysis of Karst Tufa from Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stanislav FRANCISKOVIC-BILINSKI; Halka BILINSKI; Delko BARISIC; Nada HORVATINCIC; YUAN Daoxian

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents an analysis of characteristic karst tufa from Guangxi, China, which hasnot been studied before. A comparison with tufa from Dinaric Karst of Croatia is discussed in view of theC-type climate. The major mineral is calcite. Minor minerals are quartz and dolomite, depending onlocation. The content of calcium carbonate varies from 65% to 92%, and that of magnesium carbonatefrom 0.03% to 1.77%. Among other elements, the most abundant are Fe, from 0.02% to 1.50%, and Ti,from 0.15% to 0.27%. Many other trace elements (V, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Br, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Hgand Pb) are also present. Specific activity of radionuclides 40K, 232Th, 137Cs, 226Ra and 238U varies fromsample to sample. Concentration of U in tufa is close to that reported for sedimentary carbonate. Lowconcentration of 137Cs indicates that this part of the world was not exposed to nuclear explosions. Theconcentration of 226Ra is the highest in Mashan County. The ratio 238U/226Ra (0.21-0.71) in tufa fromMashan County is significantly lower than the theoretical value of 1. In 5 of the 11 studied samples,stable isotopes δ13C and δ18O were analyzed. They were dated by means of the 14C method. One tufasample originated in the Pleistocene and the others in the Holocene. Because all of the tufa samplescontain traces of Na and K, and K < Na, the tufa from Guangxi belong to the CO2-outgassing "N" typeaccording to the classification of Liu and He (1994).

  13. French-Style Luxury Comes to Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    LANDMARK LUXURY: Francois Vanvi,Director of Sales & Marketing of Sofitel Wanda Beijing, points to the hotel as a landmark in the hospitality industry of Beijing"Our customer- minded services are the embodiment of French luxury, and focus on offering enjoyment and feelings of ease."—Francis Vanvi

  14. Structuring a Sustainable Transportation System in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正> Since the implementation of the Master Plan of Beijing in 1993, Beijing has acquired economic development continually, and the construction of urban transportation has gained obvious achievements. But with the continually high-speed development of Beijing’s economy, the quickened tenor of urbanization and traffic motorization, the increasing need for transportation and amount of motor

  15. Beijing Olympic Tickets Go on Sale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    More than 7 million very affordable tickets are now on sale for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG) announced April 15. About 75 percent of the tickets will be sold domestically a

  16. Beijing, the SAS Gateway to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Scandinavian Airlines has launched the direct route from Stockholm to Beijing.China's Foreign Trade had an interview with Mr. Lars Lindgren,CEO of Scandinavian Airlines International (SAS).He pointed out that they expect to see that all across Scandinavia will be opened to China,and before long Beijing will become Scandinavian Airlines' gateway to China. The follows are the interview.

  17. Private Museums Gain Popularity in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangFeng

    2003-01-01

    """"Have you ever been to a private museum?"""" The question pops up regularly in conversations here, indicating that smaller, specialized museums have become a valued part of Beijing cultural life, The trend started with the Beijing Guan Fu Classical Art Museum, followed by private museums set up in the city of Jinmen and Zibo,

  18. Parent-School Councils in Beijing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Wayne D.; Bjork, Lars G.; Zhao, Yuru; Chi, Bin

    2011-01-01

    This exploratory study examines how schools in Beijing have responded to a Chinese national policy mandate to establish and maintain parent councils. We surveyed principals and parent council members across schools in the Beijing municipality about the establishment and functions of their schools' parent councils. Survey results provide insights…

  19. The Analysis on the Influence of Water Conservancy Investment on Agricultural Economic Growth: An Empirical Study Based on the Boom Period of Shandong Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinping; CAO; Zhe; FENG; Jilian; HU

    2014-01-01

    This paper uses econometric methods to carry out a Granger causality test on the construction of water conservancy infrastructure construction and agricultural economic growth in the boom period(1981- 2002) of Shandong agriculture. Empirical results indicate that there exists two-way Granger causality between Shandong water conservancy infrastructure construction and Shandong agricultural economic growth.Therefore,water conservancy infrastructure construction has a significant influence on agricultural economic growth in Shandong.

  20. Lingjing Street Beijing's Widest Hutong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yuwan

    2011-01-01

    OUTSIDE Lingjing Hutong station on Beijing's Subway Line 4,the 664-meter-long Lingjing Hutong between Fuyoujie Street and Xidan North Street spreads out 32.18meters at its widest point.It's the widest hutong in the capital.Before an expansion in the 1980s,Lingjing was just 3 meters wide.Its history can be traced back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644),when a Taoist temple known as Lingji Palace was built there in 1471.It's said that the palace was constructed on the orders of Emperor Yongle,a man whose legend precedes him.

  1. IFAN Workshop Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ IFAN, International Federation of Standards Users, was pleased to held its workshop on "Application of Standards in China and Beyond" connected with its annual members' assembly meeting on 25~26 October, 2006 in Beijing. The objective of the workshop is to use the opportunity of being in China to achieve a deeper level of understanding of Chinese and non-Chinese standards; to exchange views and information on the application of standards (Benefits and Challenges); and to study more profoundly the standardization and technical regulation system in China.

  2. [Genetic characterization of echovirus 6 isolated from meningitis and encephalitis cases in Shandong Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Xiao-Juan; Tao, Ze-Xin; Liu, Gui-Fang; Wang, Min; Song, Li-Zhi; Wang, Su-Ting; Ji, Feng; Wang, Hai-Yan; Xu, Ai-Qiang

    2014-03-01

    To analyze the genetic characteristics of echovirus 6 (E6) isolated from meningitis and encephalitis cases in Shandong Province, China, we collected cerebrospinal fluid samples from meningitis and encephalitis cases in Shandong Province from 2007 to 2012 for virus isolation. Viral RNAs were extracted from positive isolates, and complete VP1 coding regions were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. Homology comparison and phylogenetic analysis were performed. Six isolates were identified as E6 by microneutralization assay and molecular typing. The homology analysis showed that the six isolates had 78. 6%-99. 8% nucleotide and 95. 5%-100. 0% amino acid identities with each other, as well as 76. 9%-78. 4% nucleotide and 92. 3%-95. 1% amino acid identities with the prototype strain (D' Amori). The phylogenetic analysis based on the integrated VP1 sequences indicated that all Shandong E6 isolates could be separated into four clusters, designated as A, B, C, and D. The six E6 isolates belonged to clusters A, B, and D. Our study reveals high genetic differences between Shandong E6 isolates and suggests different transmission lineages of E6 co-circulated in Shandong Province.

  3. On arable land changes in Shandong Province and their driving forces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The decrease of total cultivated area and the lower per capitaavailable arable land resource are now serious problems in Shandong Province, a major agricultural province in China. These problems will become more serious along with the further development of economy. In this paper,based on the statistical information at provincial and county levels, the changes of arable land in Shandong Province and their driving forces during the last 50 years are analyzed. The general changing trends of arable land and per capita available arable land are reducing, and the trends of decrease will continue when the economy is developing. The result of GIS spatial analysis shows that the change of the arable land use in Shandong Province has a regional difference. Eight variables having influences on cultivated land change are analyzed by principal component analysis. The results show that the dynamic development of economy, pressure of social system and progress of scientific techniques in agriculture are the main causes for cultivated land reduction. The principal factors which can be considered as driving forces for arable land change include per capita net living space, total population and per ha grain yield. By using regressive equation, along with analysis on population growth and economic development, cultivated areas in Shandong Province in 2005 and 2010 are predicted respectively. The predicted cultivated areas in Shandong will be 6435.47 thousand hain 2005 and 6336.23 thousand ha in 2010 respectively.

  4. The 5th Beijing International Finance Expo Opened

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ During November 5 to 8 of 2009,the 5th Beijing International Finance Expo was successfully held in Beijing Exhibition Center.At the opening ceremony,Guo Jinlong,governor of Beijing,made a welcome speech.He pointed out that it was of tremendous importance for Beijing to host the expo under the current brightening economic situation.

  5. Beijing's Best-Kept Secrets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ GREAT WALL BREAKFAST If you're planning to visit the Great Wall.avoid Badaling-the most developed section of the wall closest to Beijing--and head for Mutianyu instead.Sure.it's also highly restored and developed,SO brace yourself for an army of hawkers,but it offers steep descents and spectacular views of the wall and the rugged mountains.Best of all,however,a trip to Mutianyu can be combined with breakfast at one of Beijing's most unusual restaurants-the Schoolhouse.Housed in a fonTler elementary school in Mutianyu village.the Schoolhouse Canteen serves up delicious,fresh European fare using locally grown ingredients.It is fully booked by corporate dients for lunch and dinher during the Olympics,but is open for breakfast,serving up classic American and English breakfasts and fresh fruit juices,or for afternoon tea.The perfect accompaniment to your Great Well experience.

  6. K-Ar Geochronology of Mesozoic Mafic Dikes in Shandong Province, Eastern China:Implications for Crustal Extension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shen; HU Ruizhong; ZHAO Junhong; FENG Caixia

    2004-01-01

    Based on K-Ar isotope analyses, Mesozoic mafic (and alkali ultramafic) dikes from western and eastern Shandong Province, China, are dated at 88.2±1.70 Ma to 169.5±3.7 Ma with the majority of ages ranging from 90 Ma to 140 Ma. The emplacement of the dikes suggests a major Yanshanian (Cretaceous) crustal extension in Shandong province.Together with other available age data, this study suggests four periods of crustal extension at about 80 Ma, 100 Ma, 120 Ma and 140 Ma, respectively. Besides the effect of collapse of the Yanshanian orogenic belt on the emplacement of the mafic dikes in Shandong in the Cretaceous, the mantle plume and the extensive left-lateral advection and extension of the Tanlu fault also have controlled the crustal extension and the emplacement of the mafic dikes in eastern Shandong and western Shandong, respectively.

  7. Comparison and Selection of Organization Modes in Edible Fungus Industry of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanxiang; GE; Jilian; HU; Zhijian; GUO

    2013-01-01

    China is the largest producer and exporter of edible fungus in the world,and Shandong is the largest producer of edible fungus in China.This study is intended to select suitable organization mode for edible fungus industry of Shandong Province.On the basis of types and characteristics of existing edible fungus production modes in China,it is concluded that Shandong Province should take following measures:(1)giving priority to development of integrated organization mode;(2)steadily promoting park and factory mode in economically developed regions;(3)developing circular agriculture in regions with solid foundation of agriculture and animal husbandry.Finally,it puts forward following recommendations:(1)speeding up construction of standardization and information platform for edible fungus industry;(2)improving quality of personnel engaged in edible fungus industry;(3)bringing into play driving effect of leading enterprises;(4)developing and introducing deep processing enterprises.

  8. Genome Sequencing and Phylogenetic Analysis of Three Avian Influenza H9N2 Subtypes in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-xun XIE; Jian-bao DONG; Xiao-fei TANG; Jia-bo LIU; Yao-shan PANG; Xian-wen DENG; Zhi-qin XIE; Li-ji XIE; Mazhar I Khan

    2009-01-01

    Three isolates of H9N2 Avian Influenza viruses (AIV) were isolated from chickens in Guangxi province. Eight pairs of specific primers were designed and synthesized according to the sequences of H9N2 at GenBank. phylogenetic analysis showed a high degree of homology between the Guangxi isolates and isolates from Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces, suggesting that the Guangxi isolates originated from the same source. However, the eight genes of the three isolates from Guangxi were not in the same sublineages in their respective phylogenetic trees, which suggests that they were products of natural reassortment between H9N2 avian influenza viruses from different sublineages. The 9 nucleotides ACAGAGATA which encode amino acids T, G, I were absent between nucleotide 205 and 214 in the open reading frame of the NA gene in the Guangxi isolates. AIV strains that infect human have, in their HA proteins, leucine at position 226. The analysis of deduced amino acid sequence of HA proteins showed that position 226 of these isolates contained glycine instead of leucine, suggesting that these three isolates differ from H9N2 AIV strains isolated from human infections.

  9. The development and practices of Strategic Environmental Assessment in Shandong Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), a newly-developed decision-making support tool, has been used in many developed and developing countries for predicting and evaluating potential environmental impact of policies, plans, and programs (PPPs), as well as for providing alternatives to avoid, mitigate, or compensate for these impacts. Unfortunately, due to the complexity and flexibility of SEA, to date there has been no consensus on a system which could be suitable for the contexts of different regions or countries. Different requirements and practices are observed in the different typical stages of SEA. Controversial areas include the appropriate indicators to apply in the early baseline setting stage, suitable methodologies for the impact assessment, and appropriate procedures for the SEA process. Given this, it is important to review and refine the SEA system specific to the context but informed by internationally agreed norms. As an illustration, this study reviews and proposes steps to refine the SEA system in Shandong Province, an economically powerful province of China, aiming to achieve sustainable development. Supported by the Environmental Impact Assessment Law of the People's Republic of China, Shandong Province employed SEA to reform the traditionally economy-oriented decision-making and incorporate consideration of environmental consequences into government deliberation on proposed PPPs. This paper illustrates the developmental process, procedures, and legal support for SEA in Shandong Province. By analyzing five SEA cases carried out by Shandong Province Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Shandong University, problems in the SEA system were identified, and recommendations were made for improving the SEA system not only in Shandong Province but also other similar regions or countries.

  10. Research on New Energy Industry Development in Shandong Province with Financial Support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yu-han

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Shangdong Province is a major energy exporter as well as a green city of economic development. However, amid the rapid development of economy, Shandong province has witnessed the development of some non-economic and green industries, therefore, to fulfill the government’s obligation and to make the industry planning better and to create green environmental industry, it is necessary to study the development function of new energy industry in Shandong under the support of government finance. Energy plays an important role in developing economy and sustaining human life, without which human cannot survive. Nowadays, due to the mass consumptions of energy on earth by humankind, it is urgent for humankind to seek new alternative energy sources and develop environmental protection industry. As one of the key industries supported by the state in recent years, new energy industry, including industries supported by hydropower, wind power, tidal energy and luminous energy, is under rapid development and has become the main driving force to change the enterprise structure and promote the development in Shandong Province. Based on the data of energy developmental level within 20 years from 1993 to 2012 in Shandong Province, this thesis is to build a financial support model suitable for new energy development in Shandong Province by using the basic principle of factor analysis. After unit root test, co-integration test and causality test on the data and analysis, a conclusion that the measurement index between financial efficiency, scale and results are indeed co-integrate and moreover, it gives a major push to the development of new energy industry. Therefore, the major drivers of the development of new energy in China with the financial support can be summarized. This research can provide theoretical basis for the structure of new energy industry in Shandong Province.

  11. Dynamics of the Coordination of Economy-Society and Resource-Environment in Shandong Peninsula, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Rongqing; Zhao Minghua

    2012-01-01

    Shandong Peninsula, as a more developed region in Shandong Province even the east coast of China, is facing challenges from resources and environment pressures. This paper tried to track and assess the coordination status and the dynamic between resource-environment and economy-society systems in Shandong Peninsula during 2001-2008 in order to provide deci- sion support for regional sustainability. An appraisal index system was built including five aspects of harmony degree (A), sustain- ability degree (B), opening degree (C), stability degree (D) and controllability degree (E). The results showed that: 1) The coor- dination level of resource-environment and economy-society in Shandong Peninsula has continuously grown, and it has undergone three stages: no coordinated degree (2001-2002), weak coordi- nated degree (2003-2006) and basically coordinated degree (2007- 2008). 2) Five indexes of criterion hierarchy also increased overall, but each index showed different trends. Harmony degree, sustain- ability degree and opening degree rose all the time, while stability degree and controllability degree alternately rose and fell. The improvement of controllability degree was the slowest. 3) The ag- gravating trend of environmental pollution was slowing down. The economic growth was driven by industrial growth and urbanization typically and investment was still the main force to pull the regional economic growth. At the same time, technology and education were becoming more and more important for economic growth. The level of foreign capital utility declined and the geographical advantage of Shandong Peninsula was exerted. Meanwhile some characteristics of knowledge economy were presenting. Water re- sources become the main constraint factor of fast development in Shandong Peninsula. It is necessary to further strengthen the coordination ability of government on regional sustainable development.

  12. Shandong Gold Plans to Purchase 10 billion Yuan Worth of Assets through Private Placement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The mysterious"veil"of Shandong Gold’s major asset restructuring maneuver has finally been lifted:The Company plans to issue about 296 million shares at the price of 33.72 yuan/share,to purchase assets of Shandong Gold Group and other companies totaling 9.984 billion yuan,through which it will increase 401 tonnes of gold reserve.Meanwhile,it also plans to raise supporting funds of no more than 3 billion yuan through private placement.After the

  13. Clay Mineralogical Composition of Tea Garden Soils in Shandong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Jing-Long; Yang, Qi-Xia; Ming ZHAO; Liu, Ying-Xia; Egashira, Kazuhiko

    2008-01-01

    For assistance of the appropriate plant-nutrient management practice to keep the sustainable tea production in Shandong Province, particle-size and clay mineral analyses were carried out to the surface layer of soils collected in tea gardens of Laoshan region of Qingdao City and Dahainanchun region of Jimo City, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. Variation of the particle-size distribution with sites was small in each region. The clay content ranged from 17.6 to 22.7% for soils ...

  14. Regional Study on Economical Supporting Capacity of Land Resources in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yujiang; Chen Pei'an

    2007-01-01

    Taking the land resources of 17 cities in Shandong Province as the basic data, the article studied on the economical supporting capacity of land resources in terms of the effect of land on economy. The author classified 17 cities of Shandong Province into four types according to the economical supporting capacity of land resources by quantitatively estimating the evaluation indices of the total amount of land resources, the potential of urban and other nonagricultural land, and the integrated economical supporting capacity of land resources, etc. The author proposes the questions requiring further study at the end of this article.

  15. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; The second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing; Second, leading enterprises develop to large-scale and standard. The changes in profit distribution stage of contract farming are as follows: First, the profit relationship between enterprises and peasant households turns from opposition to mutual benefit. Second, the means of default issues turn from emotional self-discipline to rational self-discipline. Performance of contract farming is analyzed: First is putting forward the transformation of agricultural operational form; Second is reducing the uncertainty; Third is truly realizing the risk sharing and participation of interest. The defect of institutional transition of contract farming is discussed: First is no longer the operational form that benefits many farmers; Second is still the typically incomplete contract; Third is expansion of capability gap of business game between leading enterprises and farmers; Fourth is the still existence of information asymmetry; Fifth is informal institution falling behind formal institutional arrangement. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward: First is developing professional cooperation; Second is completing land circulation system; Third is constructing honest information system; Fourth is building social

  16. ISPO BEIJING 2012- Growth Trend Continues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2012-01-01

    In the year of 2008, the Olympic Games were held in the city of Beijing for the first time in the country's history, marking the emergence of a new relationship between China and the sports industry, and resulting in a subsequent three years of fast developmenttowards an exciting sports business future. ISPO BEIJING 2012, which is scheduled to be held from February 22nd to 25th, 2012 at the China National Convention Center in Beijing, would once again offer the sports industrial fields a platform to seek their opportunities.

  17. Analysis of the 2014 “APEC Blue” in Beijing Using More than One Decade of Satellite Observations: Lessons Learned from Radical Emission Control Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ran Meng

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available During the 2014 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC Economic Leaders’ Meetings in Beijing, the Chinese government made significant efforts to clear Beijing’s sky. The emission control measures were very effective and the improved air quality during the APEC Meetings was called the “APEC Blue”. To monitor and estimate how these emission control measures affected air quality in Beijing and its five neighboring large cities (Tianjin, Shijiazhuang, Tangshan, Jinan, and Qingdao, we compared and analyzed the satellite-retrieved Aerosol Optical Thickness (AOT products of the pre-APEC (18–31 October, APEC (1–11 November, and post-APEC periods (11–31 November in 2002–2014 and daily PM2.5 measurements of the three periods in 2014 on the ground. Compared with the pre- and post-APEC periods, both ground and satellite observations indicated significantly reduced aerosol loading during the 2014 APEC period in Beijing and its surroundings, but with apparent spatial heterogeneity. For example, the peak value of PM2.5 in Beijing were around 100 µg∙m−3 during the APEC period, however, during the pre- and post-APEC periods, the peak values were up to 290 µg∙m−3. The following temporal correlation analysis of mean AOT values between Beijing and other five cities for the past thirteen years (2002–2014 indicated that the potential emission source regions strongly impacting air quality of Beijing were confined within central and southern Hebei as well as northern and southwestern Shandong, in correspondence with the spatial pattern of Digital Earth Model (DEM of the study region. In addition to stringent emission control measures, back trajectory analysis indicated that the relatively favorable regional transport pattern might also have contributed to the “APEC Blue” in Beijing. These results suggest that the “APEC Blue” is a temporarily regional phenomenon; a long-term improvement of air quality in Beijing is still challenging

  18. The importance of hepatitis C as a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuo Lin Deng; Yun Ma; Ling Yuan; Pin Kie Teng

    2000-01-01

    AIM To examine hepatitis C in hepatocellular carcinoma in most endemic area, Guangxi, China.METHODS Immunochemistry was performed on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue sections. A total202 specimens were analysed from the high, intermediate and low HCC prevalent regions of Guangxi.RESULTS The distribution of positive hepatitis C cases from high, intermediate and low regions wasrespectively 24/63 (38%), 23/62 (37%) and 30/77 (39%), with a total of 77/202 (38.12%).CONCLUSION Hepatitis C virus is an important risk factor in the development of hepatocellularcarcinoma, but the regional difference in prevalence of this cancer is more likely influenced by hepatitis Bviral infection and aflatoxin B1 exposure. In Guangxi, infection of hepatitis B and C virus in thedevelopment of hepatocellular carcinoma may be greatly enhanced by exposure to aflatoxin.

  19. ESDA-GIS Analysis of Spatial-temporal Disparity in Rural Economic Development of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of spatial-temporal perspective,by using the data of farmers’ net income per capita from 1996 to 2007 in counties of Guangxi coupled with the global and local spatial auto-correlation analysis of ESDA and GIS technology,we conduct the empirical research on the rural economic developmental disparity of counties in Guangxi and the evolving characteristics of local spatial heterogeneity.The results show that the rural economic developmental disparity of counties in Guangxi from 1996 to 2007 varies infinitesimally on the whole,and the regions with similar rural economic developmental level have spatial concentrated distribution.Based on these,the local MORAN’S I scatter diagram and LISA concentration diagram are drawn.In comparison with the traditional analytical method,the spatial analytical method of ESDA-GIS can explain the problem of spatial heterogeneity of rural economic development clearly,and have direct visual effect.

  20. Research on the Application of Cultural Element of Guangxi Minorities in Modern Landscape Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long Dujiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available There are 11 Minorities in Guangxi, and the cultural ethnics among each minority are varied to a certain extent. Despite the difference, each minority has made contributions to the Chinese civilization. Guangxi is a region teeming with minorities. The difference of minorities comprises the type of local cultural element. In the process of modern landscape design, the incorporation design or cultural elements for relevant staff are required. And it is the infiltration of these cultural elements that press ahead the landscape design. For people to discover the cultural source, and for the soul to find the spiritual sense of belongings, this article has made a research on the features of Guangxi minorities cultural elements and the application in landscape design, expecting to provide a theoretical reference for incorporation of cultural element and productive construction.

  1. Headquarters Of APSCO Opens In Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Yansong

    2009-01-01

    @@ The headquarters of Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) has been inaugurated in Beijing.APSCO is the biggest space organization in Asia. Established in 2008, the organization has 9 members in the Asia-Pacific region.

  2. Asian Employment Forum Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From August 13 through 15,2007,the Asian Employment Forum sponsored by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and hosted by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security of China was held in Beijing.

  3. Intertextile Beijing Apparel Fabrics Sparks in March

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This season, Intertextile Beijing Apparel Fabrics confirms full occupancy with more than 1,200 international and domestic Chinese apparel fabrics and accessories suppliers, covering a total 50,000 sqm exhibition space.

  4. Welcome to Czech Art Festival in Beijing!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ A glimpse of exoticism from Czechia in golden Beijing! Czech Embassy will give a panorama of natural environment,history and relics,cultural fruits and industrial development of the Czech Republic to everyone.

  5. Job Fair for Foreigners,Beijing,2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Job Fair for Foreigners, to be held in Beijing on April 21, is in its planning stage. Last year’s job fair was held in the Swissotel Beijing and plans are underway to reserve the hotel again for this year’s fair.Chinajob.com, as the host of the previous four job fairs, will continue to sponsor the fifth event especially for foreign teachers

  6. Analysis of Developing Public Health Service Sector with Private Finance Initiative in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2006-01-01

    In Guangxi Public Health Service Sector (GPHSS), because lack of budget, it has caused a number of problems, such as weakened public health service in rural areas, poor professional quality of medical personnel in public health units at village and township levels, current urban public health service could not meet the health demand for urban residents. This paper is a secondary research. Through analysis of the financial problem and both of the advantages and disadvantages of using the Private Finance Initiative (PFI), it intend to demonstrate that using the PFI could be considered as a good way for the Guangxi government.

  7. Taxonomic study of the leafhopper genus Thagria Melichar (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Coelidiinae) from Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Zhi-Hua; Li, Zi-Zhong; Dai, Ren-Huai

    2015-01-01

    The paper deals with 21 valid species of the genus Thagria from Guangxi Autonomous Region, China. Eight new species are described and illustrated: T. biprocessa Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. decussata Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. irregularis Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. multispinosa Fan & Dai, sp. nov., T. paramultipars Fan & Li, sp. nov., T. triangula Fan & Li, sp. nov., T. trifasciata Fan & Li, sp. nov. and T. webbi Fan & Li, sp. nov.. A key is given to distinguish all species of this genus from Guangxi, China and maps showing the geographic distribution of new species are also provided. The name Thagria xuae nom. emend. is given for T. xui Nielson.

  8. Thinking of Improving Disease Control and Prevention with GIS in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yu

    2006-01-01

    DCP (Disease Control and Prevention) is one of the key works of Guangxi Public Health Bureau (GPHB). Its responsibilities are collecting relevant information concerning disease control and prevention (DCP) from all the communities in Guangxi province of China, then classifying and analysing the information, making an action plan. This paper aims to analyse the current situations and the existing problems of using information in DCPD, and then attempts to introduce a specific IT--GIS approach from the IdeA web site to improve DCP (Disease Control and Prevention) in GPHB.

  9. Complete Genome Sequence Analysis of a Duck Circovirus from Guangxi Pockmark Ducks

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Liji; Xie, Zhixun; Zhao, Guangyuan; Liu, Jiabo; Pang, Yaoshan; Deng, Xianwen; Xie, Zhiqin; Fan, Qing

    2012-01-01

    We report here the complete genomic sequence of a novel duck circovirus (DuCV) strain, GX1104, isolated from Guangxi pockmark ducks in Guangxi, China. The whole nucleotide sequence had the highest homology (97.2%) with the sequence of strain TC/2002 (GenBank accession number AY394721.1) and had a low homology (76.8% to 78.6%) with the sequences of other strains isolated from China, Germany, and the United States. This report will help to understand the epidemiology and molecular characteristi...

  10. Floristic analysis and distribution pattern of alien plants in Shandong Province,eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Alien plants,along with their ecological invasion and negative impacts on indigenous species diversity and ecosystems,are one of the major topics of current ecological research.The background investigation and floristic analysis of alien plants are very important and form an essential database for invasive species research,control and management.In our study these alien plants,mainly collected from the Flora of Shandong Province,combined with a field survey,were studied and analyzed.We also established a floristic database.Our findings are as follows:1) there are a total of 827 alien species,belonging to 122 families and 416 genera of which 348 species were imported from other countries;2) a high proportion,39.0% of the flora in Shandong Province,is accounted for by alien species,of which 21 dominant families largely belong to the Rosaceae,Leguminosae,Asteraceae and Gramineae;3) the diverse geographical distribution of the genera is characterized by species dominant in the temperate zone which accounts for 52.5% of the alien plants and 44.1% of the plants from the tropics;4) the origins of alien species and their centralized distribution in Shandong together show the anthropogenic effect and unnatural impacts on the environment and 5) in Shandong Province,alien plants originate more from temperate zones than from any other areas of the world.

  11. Shandong Province Decides to Give Full Support to 3 Large Aluminum Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>According to the news from Shandong,Shan- dong will further quicken the structural adjust- ment of its aluminum industry.The information from its Economic and Trade Committee shows that the province will give full support to three

  12. Multiple Effects of Energy Issues and Countermeasures: A Case of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chengxin; Wang Gefang; Yao Shimou

    2008-01-01

    Energy is now becoming the bottleneck of urban and regional development. The paper takes Shandong Province, one of the most energy consuming provinces in China, as an example, uses quantity methods such as SPSS (Stastics Package for Social Science) cluster sampling and regression analysis, and applies quantity analysis, to analyze the situation of energy is-sues in Shandong province. The conflicts between the quick industrialization and increasing extensive economic development, between urban population and energy consuming per head, between the infinite energy consuming desire and the low level of managing system, and between the unstable world energy supply and the limited energy storage in China are the main factors of energy crisis in Shandong, which not only results in energy shortage, but also becomes the barrier of economic and social development. In order to ensure sufficient energy supply for Shandong province in the 21st century, we should take countermeasures, such as changing the economic development model, pursuing a multiple and high quality energy strategy, improving the intensive urbanization strategy, and building a scientific energy system.

  13. Rural public acceptance of renewable energy deployment: The case of Shandong in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu Wenling, Wenling; Wang Can,; Mol, A.P.J.

    2013-01-01

    China has set ambitious goals to increase the use of renewable energy. Developing renewables in rural areas is also one of the most important energy strategies. This paper examines rural social acceptance of renewable energy deployment taking Shandong as a case study via a field questionnaire survey

  14. Transport and distribution of nutrients in anchovy spawning ground to the southern waters of Shandong Peninsula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shengquan; Lin Yi'an; Jin Mingming; Liu Xiaoya

    2003-01-01

    The distribution of nutrients and the effect of side transport of nutrients on anchovy spawning ground to the southern waters of Shandong Peninsula are discussed based on the data collected in June 2000, May and June 2001. The coastal current and upwelling are the main physical processes of nutrient transport to the southern waters of Shandong Peninsula. The concentrations of nutrients, Chla, the density of anchovy eggs, larva and juvenile fish increase obviously where they are greatly affected by these processes, while the contents of nutrients and Chl-a, the density of anchovy eggs, larva and juvenile fish decrease significantly where these processes diminish or disappear. The investigation suggest that the side transport of nutrients by Lubei (North Shandong) coastal current in the northern area causes the Chl-a content to be high and dense anchovy eggs, larva and juvenile fish to be dense in the coastal area of the Chengshan Cape. In the southern area, the riverine input from Subei irrigation ditch with high content of nutrients inshore and upwelling in the western edge of the Huanghai Sea Cold Water offshore should be responsible for high Chl-a concentration and dense anchovy eggs, larva and juvenile fish.It is possible that these processes of nutrient transport have controlled the anchovy spawning ground to the southem waters of Shandong Peninsula.

  15. Study on Potential Problems of Shandong Economic Forest Construction and Standardization Construction Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Runze; CAO

    2013-01-01

    Shandong is a culturally powerful province with excellent natural geographical condition and the warm temperate monsoon climate creates abundant benefits to the agricultural development there.In 2009,Shandong administration bureau of Yellow River economic development held the forum on related issues of national new countryside industry office planning to build economic forest base around the Yellow River in Shandong.The primary intention was settled and the construction of Shandong Economic Forest was formally started.Although impressive progress has been achieved in recent years,there also exists potential problems in the construction of economic forest,among which heavy metal pollution and soil acidification are the worst,causing huge damage to the physiological health of the consumers of economic forest.The writer proposes the countermeasures against standardization construction of economic forest.Scientific management is to be adopted to improve the professional skills of the employees in economic forest and brand innovation should be emphasized to quicken the quality certification of the products of economic forest.Besides,standard production demonstration is to be created and promoted in order to boost scale development.Furthermore,mechanism innovation is also to be stressed and forestry specialized cooperation organizations should be largely supported.

  16. 山东野生植物新记录%New records of wild plants in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛晓伟; 程丹丹; 高德民

    2014-01-01

    Four species and one variety are firstly reported as new wild plant records in Shandong Province, viz. Murdannia vaginata ( Linn.) Bruckn., Boehmeria macrophylla var. scabrella ( Roxb.) Long, Polygonum viscosum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don, Elatine triandra Schkuhr and Limnophila sessiliflora ( Vahl ) Blume. In which, there is a new record family Elatinaceae and a new record genus Limnophila R. Br. Moreover, some exotic plants are found in Shandong Province. Their voucher specimens are deposited in Herbaria of School of Pharmacy, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( SDCM) .

  17. Genomic diversity among Beijing and non-Beijing Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Myanmar.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Stavrum

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Beijing family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is dominant in countries in East Asia. Genomic polymorphisms are a source of diversity within the M. tuberculosis genome and may account for the variation of virulence among M. tuberculosis isolates. Till date there are no studies that have examined the genomic composition of M. tuberculosis isolates from the high TB-burden country, Myanmar. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Twenty-two M. tuberculosis isolates from Myanmar were screened on whole-genome arrays containing genes from M. tuberculosis H37Rv, M. tuberculosis CDC1551 and M. bovis AF22197. Screening identified 198 deletions or extra regions in the clinical isolates compared to H37Rv. Twenty-two regions differentiated between Beijing and non-Beijing isolates and were verified by PCR on an additional 40 isolates. Six regions (Rv0071-0074 [RD105], Rv1572-1576c [RD149], Rv1585c-1587c [RD149], MT1798-Rv1755c [RD152], Rv1761c [RD152] and Rv0279c were deleted in Beijing isolates, of which 4 (Rv1572-1576c, Rv1585c-1587c, MT1798-Rv1755c and Rv1761c were variably deleted among ST42 isolates, indicating a closer relationship between the Beijing and ST42 lineages. The TbD1 region, Mb1582-Mb1583 was deleted in Beijing and ST42 isolates. One M. bovis gene of unknown function, Mb3184c was present in all isolates, except 11 of 13 ST42 isolates. The CDC1551 gene, MT1360 coding for a putative adenylate cyclase, was present in all Beijing and ST42 isolates (except 1. The pks15/1 gene, coding for a putative virulence factor, was intact in all Beijing and non-Beijing isolates, except in ST42 and ST53 isolates. CONCLUSION: This study describes previously unreported deletions/extra regions in Beijing and non-Beijing M. tuberculosis isolates. The modern and highly frequent ST42 lineage showed a closer relationship to the hypervirulent Beijing lineage than to the ancient non-Beijing lineages. The pks15/1 gene was disrupted only in modern non-Beijing

  18. Study on territorial risk assessment in Beibu Gulf of Guangxi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y.; Hou, L. S.; Zhang, M. S.

    2016-08-01

    This study is based on the theories of terrestrial exploration risk in the Beibu Gulf Economic Zone in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Using ArcGIS and modelling methods, the spatial distributions of resources and environmental carrying capacity, terrestrial exploration dynamics, and terrestrial exploration potential are studied and evaluated in an integrated way. The results of the study are as follows: Mashan county, Longan county, Luchuan county, et al. have some low-risk land that can be explored, and infrastructure investment should be increased in these locations. Whereas, low-risk terrestrial development is possible in Qinzhou city, Heng county, Longan county, et al. and should be carried out in a planned and gradual fashion. The medium risk regions are distributed all over the region, but are concentrated in the city area of Nanning. However, the middle and north parts of Yulin city, the south part of Chongzuo city, Qinnan district, et al. are also in the same category and priority can be given to improve the quality and efficiency of these regions. The high risk regions, mainly distribute in the Liangqin district, Yining district, Binyang county, et al. This region should focus on the development principles of priority protection, appropriate development, and point-like development. Whereas, the extremely-high-risk areas, of which more than 60% are in Tiandeng county, Daxin county, Shanglin county, et al., are unsuitable for further development. The three-dimensional risk matrix method can make up for the deficiencies of other methods and has broad prospects in regional terrestrial development risk assessment.

  19. Guangxi Shanglin Aluminum Plant cross-regional technical upgrade project(phase 1)put into operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>The project(Phase 1)of cross-regional techni- cal upgrade of the aluminum plant of Guangxi Shanglin Nannan Industrial Co.was completed and put into operation on June 8,2007.The plant is a cross-regional technical upgrade pro- ject of Nanning Aluminum Plant,featuring the integration of coal,electricity and aluminum.

  20. Guangxi Baise Extends Industrial Chain to Combat Loss in Aluminum Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>"For each tonne of aluminum being produced,the upstream enterprise on the aluminum industrial chain will suffer loss about 2000yuan."Said Liang Xiao,Deputy Director of Pingguo Industrial Park Management Committee under the Guangxi Baise City,one of the four major aluminum industry bases in China,on August 11.Extending aluminum

  1. Guangxi Canceling Preferential Power Price for High Energy Consumption Including Aluminum Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Guangxi has carried out the policy of differen- tiated power price earnestly.At the end of 2007,the price bureau of the autonomous re- gion has unveiled the policy of the cancellation of preferential electricity price for high energy consumption enterprises.

  2. Guangxi Pingguo Aluminum Alumina 3rd Phase Project to Put Into Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>In April,the handover ceremony was held for the first completed sub-project of the 3rd phase of 900,000-ton alumina project of China Alu- minum Guangxi Company (Pingguo Aluminum in short),standing for the commencement of

  3. Present-day Crustal Movement and Strain Rate in Guangxi Area from GPS Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIAO Chaoming

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The 3D crustal movement velocities filed and strain parameters of Guangxi area are acquired in the coordinate frame of ITRF2005 with the multi-period GPS data from 1998 to 2010 analyzed by using GAMIT/GLOBK software, and the area deformation field and present-day construction mechanism are also discussed in this paper. From the GPS monitoring results, the crustal movement of Guangxi area coincides with south China movement in the South-East-East anticlockwise direction, the average vertical velocity value is 33.49 mm/a in ITRF2005 frame, the preponderant direction is N 109.3° E, the average horizon velocity value is +1.30 mm/a, and the trend becomes increasing from East to West of Guangxi province. The present-day strain status is extrusion in N 127.3°±4.8° E direction, the main maximum extrusion strain is -2.7±0.5×10-9/a with a tension effect in the N 37.3°±4.8° E direction, and the main maximum tension strain is 1.8±0.2×10-9/a. A more precise 3D present-day crustal velocity filed of Guangxi area is presented in this paper with the full analyzing of GPS data.

  4. Association of TSHR gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with Graves’ disease in Han population from coastal areas in Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association of thyroid stimulating hormone receptor(TSHR)gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with Graves’disease(GD)in Han population from coastal areas in Shandong province

  5. Bubble of Real Estate Does Not Appear in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The report newly issued by Citigroup enables the people in Beijing to feel consoling that Beijing does not appear bubble in real estate. But the bubble of real estate has appeared only in Shanghai, Tianjin,Shenyang and Ningbo.

  6. Shanghai Dishes at the Beijing Asia Jinjiang Hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    THE Beijing Asia Jinjiang Hotel in east Beijing is neither magnificent nor luxuriant, but the Shanghai cuisine served there makes it popular. The unforgettable dishes are the weapon that this hotel uses to compete with bigger hotels in the neighborhood.

  7. CNPC Becomes a Partner of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2008 Olympic Games (BOCOG) signed an agreement with China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) at Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in the afternoon of May 30,making CNPC an official partner of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.

  8. STONETECH 2007 BEIJING Held At International Exhibition Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On March 4-7, the 14th China International Stone Processing Machinery,Equipment and Products Exhibition (STONETECH 2007 BEIJING) was held in all exhibition halls of Beijing International Exhibition Center.

  9. Beijing to Boost Gas Consumption for Green Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Jian

    2002-01-01

    @@ To implement the "Green Olympic"strategy proposed in "Plan for Beijing Olympic Games,"Beijing Gas Group Company will boost its annual gas supply to 4 billion cubic meters by 2005 and 6 billion cubic meters by 2010.

  10. Ecological evaluation of Beijing economy based on emergy indices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, M. M.; Zhou, J. B.; Chen, B.; Yang, Z. F.; Ji, X.; Zhang, L. X.; Chen, G. Q.

    2009-05-01

    An integrated ecological evaluation of the Beijing economy was presented in the paper based on the emergy accounting with the data in 2004. Through calculating environmental and economic inputs within and outside the Beijing economy, this paper discusses the Beijing's resource structure, economic situation and trade status based on a series of emergy indicators. Through the comparison of the systematic indicators of Beijing with those of the selected Chinese cities, the general status of the Beijing economy in China is identified. The results also show that most indicators of Beijing are located at middle levels among the selected Chinese cities. Particularly, the environmental impacts, expressed by the ratio of waste to the renewable emergy, and the ratio of waste to the total emergy use, are 84.2 and 0.26, respectively in Beijing in 2004, which indicate that the Beijing economy is greatly reliant on the imported intensive fuels, goods and services with high empower density and environmental loading.

  11. Beijing Global Trade Center—A Business Hub

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Located along the Beisanhuanlu, the Beijing Global Trade Center (GTC) boasts the largest office buildings in north Beijing. The GTC covers an area of nearly 500,000 square meters, integrating 5 A-grade intelligent office

  12. The Analysis and Application of Energy Consumption per Myriad GDP in Shandong Province Based on Entropy Method

    OpenAIRE

    Jianliang Liu; Junhai Ma

    2013-01-01

    With the development of social economy, energy intensity in Shandong has decreased obviously. To solve the issue by taking proper measures, this paper analyze the energy consumption per myriad GDP of 17 cities in Shandong Province based on Entropy Method and rank them according to general energy consumption. It tells the difference of energy consumption in different cities and helps to make measures to solve current energy crisis. This study has certain theory significance and practical appli...

  13. Comparison among the Consumption Structures of Different Income Groups of Urban Residents in Guangxi Based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the household consumption data of urban residents in Guangxi Statistical Yearbook in the year 2009, the ELES (Extended Linear Expenditure System) is used to analyze the consumption structure, the propensity to consume, and the consumer flexibility of urban residents in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China in the year 2008. Result shows that urban residents in Guangxi has relatively low propensity to consume. And their consumption, especially the middle and low-income families, is mostly concentrated in food, cloth, lodging and other basic necessities of life, which account for more than a half of their income. Based on this, corresponding suggestions are put forward to enlarge the consumption demand of urban residents in Guangxi, such as increasing the regulation of income redistribution, minimizing the gap between the rich and the poor, enhancing the overall consumption level, cultivating the consumption hot spots for the urban residents, and actively guiding the enjoyable consumption.

  14. Beijing-Outstanding Advantages to Develop ABP Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Geographical advantage. Beijing is the capital city of China,the center of politics, culture, science and technology, information and international communication. The national macro-decision making and regulatory sectors are located in Beijing. At the same time, the transportation volume of aviation and railway has been listed No. 1 in China.No other city can compare to Beijing.

  15. Succession, Development and Innovation of the Master Plan of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正> The Master Plan of Beijing (2004 - 2020),approved in January 2005 by the State Council, is an important strategic, holistic and comprehensive plan for Beijing to face the new century, to realize the stra-tegic proposition of"New Beijing, Great Olympics", and to fully push forward the harmonious and sustainable development of economy, society, population, resources and environment.

  16. Beijing Jun.Men’s Suits Retail Sales Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Top 22 Department Stores Retail Worth CNY13.03 million Beijing Jun.-Sales value of men’s suits in Beijing 22 mid-to-high range department stores was unsatisfying in recent months,according to Beijing Commercial Information Consultation Center.Sales value of men’s suits in Jun.was

  17. Gravitational scaling in Beijing Subway Network

    CERN Document Server

    Leng, Biao; Wang, Jianyuan; Xiong, Zhang; Havlin, Shlomo; Li, Daqing

    2016-01-01

    Recently, with the availability of various traffic datasets, human mobility has been studied in different contexts. Researchers attempt to understand the collective behaviors of human movement with respect to the spatio-temporal distribution in traffic dynamics, from which a gravitational scaling law characterizing the relation between the traffic flow, population and distance has been found. However, most studies focus on the integrated properties of gravitational scaling, neglecting its dynamical evolution during different hours of a day. Investigating the hourly traffic flow data of Beijing subway network, based on the hop-count distance of passengers, we find that the scaling exponent of the gravitational law is smaller in Beijing subway system compared to that reported in Seoul subway system. This means that traffic demand in Beijing is much stronger and less sensitive to the travel distance. Furthermore, we analyzed the temporal evolution of the scaling exponents in weekdays and weekends. Our findings m...

  18. INNOVATIONS ON BEIJING-TIANJIN INTERCITY RAILWAY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Huawu; Ren Hua

    2009-01-01

    High-speed railway is a complicated and huge system.Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway is the first high-speed line has started commercial operation in china.Significant innovations had been made on key technologies,and four challenging issues had been addressed,including system design and system integration,high requirements on track regularity and stability,strict requirements on safety and riding comfort,reliable operation control and high requirement on efficiency.China Railways spent three years to complete Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway.The operational performances of Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway showed that the overall technologies lead the world in the high-speed railway rankings.The technologies are convinced as the showcase and will be applied to build high-speed railway network in the future of China Railways.

  19. Beijing Bicycle - Stories from a Transformative Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger-Petersen, Mai Corlin

    2012-01-01

    ’s Beijing Bicycle can be understood as the result of stories-so-far, as the cinematic representation of the globalized ”space” within the setting of the national. Beijing Bicycle is a production of space as well as a space of production, since it tells a new story in the trajectory of stories......Ideas, words, images and stories travel from west to east – and from east to west. Stories are chosen and retold in different settings and images are reproduced and appropriated into new contexts – and in new times. Cinema, in this case the mainland Chinese, becomes both a space of production...... and a production of space that reveals how transnational and translocal mechanisms affect the cinematic language, transforming the images and stories chosen for the cinematic representation. Wang Xiaoshuai’s Beijing Bicycle (Shiqi Sui de Danche) (2001) is a result of transnational currents weaving the carpet...

  20. A Research on Competitiveness of Guangxi City——Based on System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    A total of 10 indices of regional economic development in Guangxi are selected.According to the relevant economic data,regional economic development in Guangxi is analyzed by using System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method.Result shows that System Clustering Method and Principal Component Analysis Method have revealed similar results analysis of economic development level.Overall economic strength of Guangxi is weak and Nanning has relatively high scores of factors due to its advantage of the political,economic and cultural center.Comprehensive scores of other regions are all lower than 1,which has big gap with the development of Nanning.Overall development strategy points out that Guangxi should accelerate the construction of the Ring Northern Bay Economic Zone,create a strong logistics system having strategic significance to national development,use the unique location advantage and rely on the modern transportation system to establish a logistics center and business center connecting the hinterland and the Asean Market.Based on the problems of unbalanced regional economic development in Guangxi,we should speed up the development of service industry in Nanning,construct the circular economy system of industrial city,and accelerate the industrialization process of tourism city in order to realize balanced development of regional economy in Guangxi,China.

  1. Status and Suggestions of the Pesticide Use in the Protected Vegetable Fields in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bo; ZHANG; Yan; LI; Xinhao; GAO; Changsong; LI; Junshan; QI; Yueli; ZHANG; Wei; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    This paper briefly introduced the issues of food safety and environmental pollution caused by pesticide residues in protected vegetables, discussed the status and problems of pesticide use in the protected vegetables in Shandong Province, and analyzed the main factors leading to the pesticide residues, including the low education of most farmers, lack of correct identification of diseases and insect pests, use of pesticides based on personal experience, pesticide preparation by bare hands, large dose of pesticide, frequent application, pesticide spraying without protection, uneven spraying, leakage of pesticide from the sprayers, etc.. Finally, based on the vegetable planting features and advantages in Shandong Province, some suggestions were proposed for references, such as, to enhance the monitoring of pesticide residue, to improve the educational level of farmers and to scentifically use the pesticide.

  2. Carbon Emissions Decomposition and Environmental Mitigation Policy Recommendations for Sustainable Development in Shandong Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changjian Wang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Provincial carbon emissions research is necessary for China to realize emissions reduction targets. Two-level decomposition model based on the Kaya identity was applied to uncover the main driving forces for the energy related carbon emissions in Shandong province from 1995 to 2011, an important energy base in China. Coal consumption is still the biggest contributor to the increased carbon emissions in Shandong. Decomposition results show that the affluence effect is the most important contributors to the carbon emissions increments. The energy intensity effect is the dominant factor in curbing carbon emissions. The emission coefficient effect plays an important negative but relatively minor effect on carbon emissions. Based on the local realities, a series of environment-friendly mitigation policies are raised by fully considering all of these influencing factors. Sustainable mitigation policies will pay more attention to the low-carbon economic development along with the significant energy intensity reduction in Shangdong province.

  3. A General Provincial Situation Visualization System Based on iPhone Operating System of Shandong Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Z.; Xiang, H.

    2014-04-01

    The paper discusses the basic principles and the problem solutions during the design and implementation of the mobile GIS system, and base on the research result, we developed the General Provincial Situation Visualization System Based on iOS of Shandong Province. The system is developed in the Objective-C programming language, and use the ArcGIS Runtime SDK for IOS as the development tool to call the "World-map Shandong" services to implement the development of the General Provincial Situation Visualization System Based on iOS devices. The system is currently available for download in the Appstore and is chosen as the typical application case of ESRI China ArcGIS API for iOS.

  4. A cultural explanation of heroic theme novels of Shandong during the Seventeen Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xiang

    2009-01-01

    The Seventeen Years literature was an important developing stage in the 20th century of Chinese literature, which contained abundant cultural secret codes and cultural genes. My paper try to seek the cultural source and the cultural connotation of the phenomenon of heroic narrative, taking the Qi Lu culture affecting Shandong writers as an example. And finally supply some enlightenment for the Chinese modern and contemporary literature.

  5. Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Meteorological Drought in Shandong Province, China, from 1961 to 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoli Wang; Xiyong Hou; Zhi Li; Yuandong Wang

    2014-01-01

    Shandong province is located in the northern part of China and tends to be a drought-prone region. This study is dedicated to making a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of the spatial patterns of drought frequency and its climate trend coefficient, drought grades, and temporal characteristics of drought coverage area, drought duration, and drought intensity from 1961 to 2008 by using the meteorological drought composite index (CI). The results indicated that the occurrence frequency of ...

  6. The People-First Service of Grand Hotel Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Grand Hotel Beijing is located north of Chang’an Avenue and east of the landmark Forbidden City in Beijing.This five-star luxury hotel has received numerous government delegations and state leaders from around the world since it opened in 1990.Wang Fuhe has been General Manager of Grand Hotel Beijing for more than 10 years.Through the effortsofWangandhisteam,thehotelflagshipsteers steady and fast,taking a leading position among the countless luxury hotels in Beijing.Wang attributes the success of Grand Hotel Beijing to its distinctive

  7. Case Fatality Rate of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Objective To describe the case fatality rate of SARS in Beijing. Methods Data of SARS cases notified from Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention (BCDC) and supplemented by other channels were collected. The data were analyzed by rate calculation. Results The case fatality rate of SARS in Beijing was 7.66%, and had an ascending trend while the age of cases was getting older, and a descending trend while the epidemic development. The case fatality rate in Beijing was lower than that in other main epidemic countries or regions. Conclusions The risk of death increases with the increment of age of SARS patients. Beijing is successful in controlling and treating SARS.

  8. Territorial Inequality of Net Income per Peasant in Shandong Province and Its Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Hu; LIU Yansui; XU Keshuai

    2011-01-01

    Income inequality among farmers living in different regions was an important form of territorial inequalities. Studying the territorial inequality of the net income per peasant was an emphasis of this paper, and Shandong Province was pointed as the case study region. By the help of logistic regression, it could be found that the special distribution of the net income per peasant in Shandong Province was affected by three factors: distance to No.308 National Highway, distance to the coastline in the east of Shandong Province, and urbanization rates. Based on the decomposition of Gini index, the net income per peasant was divided into four parts, and it was found that the income from family business and salary were the two major sources of income. As to the mechanism for income inequality, it was proved that urbanization was still the key factor. In order to reduce income inequality, the local governments should promote urbanization through improving road networks, such as building highways, which could connect rural areas with the major nodes such as big cities and the port cities in the east.

  9. Quaternary Volcanic Activities in Shandong Peninsula and Northern Parts of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洪汉; 高维明; 等

    1990-01-01

    Quaternary volcanic rocks often coexist with loess,as observed in the same geologic sections in the Shandong Peninsula and northern parts of Jiangsu and Anhui provinces.The development age of Shandong loess in close to that in the middle reaches of the Yellow River.Loess strata are of synchronous implication in the loess belt of North China.So the ages of volcanic activities can be es-timated approximately from the stratigraphic relations between loess layers and volcanic rocks.The re-sults of dating of the Quaternary volcanic rocks,baked layers and the TL dates of loess samples sug-gest that the Quaternary volcanic activity can be divided into 4 stages in the region studied,with the ages being 1.15-1.03,0.86-0.72,0.55-0.33 and 0.02 Ma B.P.respectively .The occurrence of tephra in the Shandong loess sections is possible due to multiple episodes of volcanism during the Quaternary time.

  10. Sustainable and integrated water resources management for the coastal areas of Shandong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutzner, R; Zhang, B; Kaden, S; Geiger, W F

    2006-01-01

    Water scarcity and water pollution are severe problems in the Northern part of China, strongly affecting socio-economic development and standards of living and environment. The Shandong province is specifically plagued by water scarcity. In the coastal catchments of the Shandong province the water scarcity is even increased due to saltwater intrusion, reducing the usability of water resources available. The pressing water problems in the costal catchments in the Shandong province and resulting socio-economic troubles forced the Chinese authorities to implement a variety of measures to relieve water scarcity and abate saltwater intrusion. But not much has been achieved so far as the measures are not coordinated in their effects and cost-benefit relations have not been considered sufficiently. Such a situation calls for good, which means integrated, sustainable water management. The assessment of this situation in the project "Flood Control and Groundwater Recharge in Coastal Catchments" financed by the German Ministry of Research and Education is presented. Further objectives and first ideas for an IWRM-concept are explained. These ideas are based on concepts developed in Germany in the context of the fulfilment of the European Water Framework Directive.

  11. Re-emergence of rabies in the Guangxi province of Southern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Bo Tang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Human rabies cases in the Guangxi province of China decreased from 839 in 1982 to 24 in 1995, but subsequently underwent a sharp increase, and has since maintained a high level.3,040 brain samples from normal dogs and cats were collected from 14 districts of Guangxi and assessed by RT-PCR. The brain samples showed an average rabies virus (RV positivity rate of 3.26%, but reached 4.71% for the period Apr 2002 to Dec 2003. A total of 30 isolates were obtained from normal dogs and 28 isolates from rabid animals by the mouse inoculation test (MIT. Six representative group I and II RV isolates showed an LD50 of 10-5.35/ml to 10-6.19/ml. The reactivity of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs to group I and II RV isolates from the Guangxi major epidemic showed that eight anti-G MAbs showed strong reactivity with isolates of group I and II with titers of ≥10,000; however, the MAbs 9-6, 13-3 and 12-14 showed lower reactivity. Phylogenetic analysis based on the G gene demonstrated that the Guangxi RV isolates have similar topologies with strong bootstrap values and are closely bonded. Alignment of deduced amino acids revealed that the mature G protein has four substitutions A96S, L132F, N436S, and A447I specific to group I, and 13 substitutions T90M, Y168C, S204G, T249I, P253S, S289T, V332I, Q382H, V427I, L474P, R463K Q486H, and T487N specific to group II, coinciding with the phylogenetic analysis of the isolates.Re-emergence of human rabies has mainly occurred in rural areas of Guangxi since 1996. The human rabies incidence rate increased is related with RV positive rate of normal dogs. The Guangxi isolates tested showed a similar pathogenicity and antigenicity. The results of phylogenetic analysis coincide with that of alignment of deduced amino acids.

  12. A microsecond pulse radiolysis system in Beijing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first setup of pulse radiolysis system in China with the time resolution of 2 microseconds has been built up recently in Beijing Radiation Center. The experimental apparatus is described briefly. The observation of transient absorption of Br2- and I2- radicals in aqueous solution using this system is introduced. (author)

  13. A microsecond pulse radiolysis system in Beijing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andong Liu; Zhongwei Zhao; Zhongliang Tong; Yingxin Sun; Hongchun Gu; Wanhua Shun; Huadan Hu; Zhonghe Hao; Ruiying Zhou (Beijing Normal Univ., BJ (China). Inst. of Low Energy Nuclear Physics)

    1989-01-01

    The first setup of pulse radiolysis system in China with the time resolution of 2 microseconds has been built up recently in Beijing Radiation Center. The experimental apparatus is described briefly. The observation of transient absorption of Br{sub 2}{sup -} and I{sub 2}{sup -} radicals in aqueous solution using this system is introduced. (author).

  14. Space Law Conference 2004 Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    pace Law Conference 2004 Iointly organized by International Institute of Space Law (IISL) and China Institute of Space Law (CISL) was held in Beijing, China on 26427 April 2004. The purpose of this conference is to increase knowledge and expertise relating to space law in China and the

  15. Beijing Opera Facial Masks As Wall Hangings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    In Beijing opera. and many other traditional operas, the jing roles. or warriors, usually have their faces painted in colorful designs to represent various elements of their character. Each color has its own meaning. Red stands for loyalty and bravery: black for courage and honesty. and white is the color of deceitfulness.

  16. Air pollution and sports performance in Beijing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippi, G; Guidi, G C; Maffulli, N

    2008-08-01

    The Beijing Olympics will begin in August 2008 and athletes will face an unpredictable challenge. Based on present data, Beijing is one of the most polluted megacities in the world; the air concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO), ozone, nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and particulate matter approach or exceed the current limits established by U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Although the athletes who will be competing in Beijing are physiologically very different to the participants in most published studies, and it is therefore difficult to predict individual responses, there is little doubt that the presence of these air pollutants might be detrimental to athletic performance due to the marked increase (up to 20-fold) in ventilatory rate and concomitant nasal and oral breathing. Moreover, mouth breathing often bypasses the noise during strenuous exercise, increasing the deleterious effects of pollutants on health and athletic performance. Although limited, each decrement in athletic performance would have a potentially deleterious impact on top-class athletes competing in the next Olympics in China. Several Olympic records are regularly broken during the Olympics. Will this be the case for Beijing? PMID:18512178

  17. Korean Children’s Delegation In Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Invited by the CPAFFC, a 26-member youth delega-tion from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea visited Beijing from December 9 to 13, 2003.In 2002, British friend Eric Hotung set up the China-Korea (DPRK) Friendly Exchange Fund under the China Friendship Foundation for Peace and Development, which is earmarked for the

  18. International Congress of Mathematicians Opens in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ The 24 International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM2002) was held from August 20 to 28 in Beijing. About 4,200 mathematicians from more than 100 countries participated in the quadrennial meeting orga nized by the Chinese Mathematics Society (CMS) under the auspices of the International Mathematical Union (IMU). The Chinese Academy of Sciences was among the eight sponsors of the Congress.

  19. The Business World Focuses on Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUOYUANJUN

    2005-01-01

    ON May 16, the Ninth Fortune Global Forum rolled into town, and 700 leaders of global businesses, including 77 of the world's top 500 companies, came with it. Beijing 2005 was the third time Fortune had chosen China for its business leaders' bash.

  20. Space Science Assembly Convenes in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The opening ceremony for the 36th Scientific Assembly of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) was held on the evening of July 17 in Beijing. Chinese President HU Jintao sent his congratulations to the assembly. Chinese Vice Premier ZENG Peiyan spoke at the opening ceremony.

  1. Municipal solid waste management in Beijing City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Beijing City. Beijing, the capital of China, has a land area of approximately 1368.32 km2 with an urban population of about 13.33 million in 2006. Over the past three decades, MSW generation in Beijing City has increased tremendously from 1.04 million tons in 1978 to 4.134 million tons in 2006. The average generation rate of MSW in 2006 was 0.85 kg/capita/day. Food waste comprised 63.39%, followed by paper (11.07%), plastics (12.7%) and dust (5.78%). While all other wastes including tiles, textiles, glass, metals and wood accounted for less than 3%. Currently, 90% of MSW generated in Beijing is landfilled, 8% is incinerated and 2% is composted. Source separation collection, as a waste reduction method, has been carried out in a total of 2255 demonstration residential and commercial areas (covering about 4.7 million people) up to the end of 2007. Demonstration districts should be promoted over a wider range instead of demonstration communities. The capacity of transfer stations and treatment plants is an urgent problem as these sites are seriously overloaded. These problems should first be solved by constructing more sites and converting to new treatment technologies. Improvements in legislation, public education and the management of waste pickers are problematic issues which need to be addressed.

  2. Olympics Heat Up Beijing Hotel Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JUMBO; ZHANG

    2007-01-01

    With the Olympics fast approaching,Beijing has become the hot spot for all types of hotels The Sun Dong An Plaza, located at the center of Beijing’s 'Golden Street'-Wangfujing, is undergoing an overall renovation with a budget of 200 million yuan ($26 mi

  3. Preseving Old Beijing-in Miniature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WuWei

    2003-01-01

    The other day I went to an artgallery near Yongdingmen for a painting exhibition. To my pleasant surprise, an exhibition of models of old Beijing architecture was also on display. The exquisite diminutive pavilions,towers, palace halls and folk dwellings were amazing. ] was so eager to know who made the delicate

  4. The challenge of improving visibility in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. Zhang

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The "Blue Sky Project" was proposed in 1998 to investigate by how much emissions should be reduced to increase blue sky frequency in Beijing, which hosted the Summer Olympics in 2008. This paper focuses on the temporal variation of visibility and its dependence on meteorological conditions and suspended particles at Beijing using the hourly observed visibility data in Beijing Capital International Airport (BCIA from 1999 to 2007. It has been found that about 47.8% (24.2% of the hours in Beijing are "bad" ("good" hours with visibility below 10 km (equal or higher than 20 km between 1999 and 2007. Due to the high Relative Humidity (RH, summer is the season with the lowest mean visibility in a year. Although PM10 index was reported in a decreasing trend, the increase of RH has resulted in a decreasing trend of visibility over BCIA in the summer from 1999 to 2007. To ensure blue sky ("good" visibility for Olympics 2008, daily mean PM10 index should be reduced to 44 from 86.5. This requires that not only vehicle emissions, but also other emissions should be limited. Observations during Olympics 2008 verify that blue-sky-hour rate has been increased significantly after mean PM10 index was reduced to 56, however, the visibility during the same period of 2009 has returned to the mean standard before 2008.

  5. Facial recognition technology safeguards Beijing Olympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ To ensure the safety of spectators and athletes at the biggest-ever Olympic Games, automation experts from CAS have developed China's first system to identify individuals by their facial features, and successfully applied it to the opening night security check on 8 August in Beijing.

  6. The 11th Beijing International Book Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Adhering to the principle of "ush ering world books into China,introducing Chinese books to the world", the size of Beijing International Book Fair has seen constant expansion, international position undergoing continuous upgrading and its influence becoming increasingly profound since the first Fair was held in 1986.

  7. The 11th Beijing International Book Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      Adhering to the principle of "ush ering world books into China,introducing Chinese books to the world", the size of Beijing International Book Fair has seen constant expansion, international position undergoing continuous upgrading and its influence becoming increasingly profound since the first Fair was held in 1986.……

  8. Beijing Getaways to Soak Up the Summer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ With summer well and truly on its way,many people will be thinking about coming out of labernaticn,casting then DVD boosets and take away pizza boxes aside and taking a weekend break,International Talent Monthly brings you some of the best getaway bcations around Beijing.

  9. TKEA Makes an Tinpact in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    LOOK at the newly openedIKEA and you can’t say that theconsumer market of Beijing is notbooming. Every Saturday and Sunday bothsides of the street in front of IKEAare packed to the hilt withcustomers’ cars. Latecomers searchfor spaces, people carrying large and

  10. A Dai-Style Restaurant in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    XISHUANGBANNA, in southern China’s Yunnan Province, is a region where several minority ethnicities—the Dai in particular—live in compact communities. In fact, when people hear the name Xishuangbanna, they usually associate it with the Dai ethnicity. The Xishuangbanna Restaurant, located near the Forbidden City in Beijing, is now one of the best of the more

  11. Competitiveness of Characteristic Agriculture in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Based on Explanatory Indicators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The five explanatory indicators of the competitiveness of characteristic agriculture are the agricultural science and technology,the cultural quality of agricultural labor force,the agricultural infrastructure,the resource endowment,and the agricultural management scale.According to these explanatory indicators,competitiveness of characteristic agriculture is relatively strong in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China,which is mainly reflected in the resource advantage,irrigation degree,and road construction level.However,the agricultural technology level,the cultural quality of agricultural labor force,the agricultural mechanization,and the agricultural management scale have relatively poor competitiveness.Therefore,more attention should be paid in these aspects,in order to improve the competitiveness of characteristic agriculture in Guangxi.

  12. Discovery and significance of microspherules at Lower-Middle Devonian boundary of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白志强

    2000-01-01

    Microspherules are found in different fades at the Lower-Middle Devonian boundary, Guangxi, South China. There are more than 20 grains per kilogram rock sample. Composition and form of the microspherules are very similar to those of the microtektites from modern deposits of South Pacific Ocean and F-F boundary (Devonian). This may indicate that the microspherules from Guangxi are most likely the products of an extraterrestrial impact event that occurred at the end of Early Devonian Epoch. The event may be responsible for the biomass reduction and extinction of benthic organisms at the end of Early Devonian. The impact products (ejecta) can be used as a potential tool for stratigraphic correlation.

  13. Discovery and significance of microspherules at Lower-Middle Devonian boundary of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Microspherules are found in different facies at the Lower-Middle Devonian boundary, Guangxi, South China. There are more than 20 grains per kilogram rock sample. Composition and form of the microspherules are very similar to those of the microtektites from modern deposits of South Pacific Ocean and F-F boundary (Devonian). This may indicate that the microspherules from Guangxi are most likely the products of an extraterrestrial impact event that occurred at the end of Early Devonian Epoch. The event may be responsible for the biomass reduction and extinction of benthic organisms at the end of Early Devonian. The impact products (ejecta) can be used as a potential tool for stratigraphic correlation.

  14. Dynamic Drought Monitoring in Guangxi Using Revised Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Yuan; TAG Heping; WU Hua

    2007-01-01

    Moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data are very suitable for vast extent, long term and dynamic drought monitoring for its high temporal resolution, high spectral resolution and moderate spatial resolution. The composite Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and composite land surface temperature (Ts) obtained from MODIS data MOD11A2 and MOD13A2 were used to construct the EVI-rs space. And Temperature Vegetation Dryness Index (TVDI) was calculated to evaluate the agriculture drought in Guangxi province, China in October of 2006. The results showed that the drought area in Guangxi was evidently increasing and continuously deteriorating from the middle of September to the middle of November. The TVDI, coming from the EVI-rs space, could effectively indicate the spatial distribution and temporal evolution of drought, so that it could provide a strong technical support for the forecasting agricultural drought in south China.

  15. Prevalence of Balantidium coli Infection in Bred Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in Guangxi, southern China

    OpenAIRE

    Hai Long Li; Qian Li; Ling Dong; Juan Li; Feng Cai Zou; Li Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Background Balantidium coli infects humans, primates and pigs, causing serious diarrhea and dysentery. Little information on the prevalence of B. coli in primates is available in China. This investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence of B. coli infection in bred rhesus monkeys in Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region (GZNAR), southern China. Methods A total of 120 fecal samples were collected from rhesus monkeys bred in cages in GZNAR and B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites ...

  16. Evaluation on Heavy Metal Pollution of Soil in Pollution-free Agricultural Product Bases in Guangxi

    OpenAIRE

    DENG, Minjun; Luo, Yan

    2014-01-01

    Using data of 6 pollution-free agricultural product bases in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, this paper analyzed content of heavy metals, including arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr) in soil. After Pb, Cd, Cr, Hg and As content in soil is determined, it evaluated the pollution of soil using single factor pollution index method and Nemerow synthetic pollution index method in combination with evaluation standard of heavy metals in soil and grading standard ...

  17. Situation and Prospect of Oil and Gas Exploration in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Zeheng; Gu Pingquan

    1996-01-01

    @@ Petroleum Geology Background The Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi region (hereinafter "YGG" region) is located in southwest China, with a total area of 800 000 km2, of which 580 000 km2 is covered by sedimentary rocks. In the course of long geologic evolution, a series of medium, small and micro basins of marine and terrestrial facies of different periods are developed in the region (Table 1).

  18. Estimation of Production Amount of Livestock and Poultry Manure and Environmental Impact Assessment in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing; LIAO; Dongliang; HUANG; Zepu; JIANG; Guangpo; WEI; Panxia; LIANG; Yuning; WANG; Yangrui; LI

    2013-01-01

    This study was intended to estimate production of major livestock and poultry manure and contaminant content,and find out current situation of manure pollution,so as to provide reference for pollution control of livestock and poultry breeding industry in Guangxi.Based on the related statistic data in 2010 and the excretion coefficient of different livestock and poultry,the manure and its contaminant production amount of main livestock and poultry in Guangxi were estimated.Then the annual livestock and poultry manure load of farmland and the loss of contaminant were also calculated to analyze the ecological pressure resulted from livestock and poultry breeding in Guangxi.Following results were obtained:in 2010,the production amount of the livestock and poultry manure in Guangxi was 9141.30×104tons,including nutrient TN42.07×104tons and TP 13.62×104tons;the annual livestock and poultry manure and N,P pure nutrient load of farmland was 21t/hm2,98kg/hm2,and 32 kg/hm2respectively;the production amount of manure contaminants was BOD5383.43×104tons,COD Cr435.42×104tons,and NH3-N 42.08×104tons;according to 30%loss rate,the loss amount of COD Cr and NH3-N was higher than the sum of industrial and life waste water.It was concluded that the livestock and poultry breeding industry had little impact on soil environment,but posed a grave threat to water environment.

  19. Types and Genesis of Manganese Oxide Ores in Guangxi,Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘腾飞

    1999-01-01

    Systematic studies are diven to the genesis and spatial distribution of manganese oxide deposits in Guangxi,Southwest China.The deposits are classified as 3 types and 7 subtypes among which the karst depression type is regionally characteristic an of reat potential.A genetic model is presented for the mineralization on the basis of proto-rock,tectonic background,topographic features and climatic and hydrogeological conditions.

  20. Analysis of Meteorological Elements and Distribution Characters of Surface Solar Radiation in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Ai-zhen; HUANG; Ren-li

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the relation between solar radiation distribution and meteorological elements in Guangxi. [Method] Based on the observed data of solar radiation in Guangxi from 1995 to 2009, the total radiation, solar distribution and interannual changes in Guangxi were analyzed. By dint of observed data in Nanning station, the annual, seasonal and monthly changes of net radiation in Nanning and the linear relation between total radiation, solar distribution characteristics and interannual changes were discussed. [Result] The global radiation of surface solar radiation in the low latitude was higher tan the high latitude, as Beihai>Nanning>Guilin. The solar radiation changes and the seasonal changes in different places varied, as summer>autumn>spring>winter. The total radiation and solar radiation hours were consistent. The total solar radiation and the low cloud was in negative relation, but was in positive relation with sunny weather. The total solar radiation was in positive relation with ground temperature, except in winter. [Conclusion] The study provided effective theoretical basis and data reference to the study of climate and development of solar energy.

  1. Analysis of Meteorological Elements and Distribution Characters of Surface Solar Radiation in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG; Ai-zhen; HUANG; Ren-li

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the relation between solar radiation distribution and meteorological elements in Guangxi. [Method] Based on the observed data of solar radiation in Guangxi from 1995 to 2009, the total radiation, solar distribution and interannual changes in Guangxi were analyzed. By dint of observed data in Nanning station, the annual, seasonal and monthly changes of net radiation in Nanning and the linear relation between total radiation, solar distribution characteristics and interannual changes were discussed. [Result] The global radiation of surface solar radiation in the low latitude was higher tan the high latitude, as BeihaiNanningGuilin. The solar radiation changes and the seasonal changes in different places varied, as summerautumnspringwinter. The total radiation and solar radiation hours were consistent. The total solar radiation and the low cloud was in negative relation, but was in positive relation with sunny weather. The total solar radiation was in positive relation with ground temperature, except in winter. [Conclusion] The study provided effective theoretical basis and data reference to the study of climate and development of solar energy.

  2. Survey and Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Paddy Soil in West Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuyi; HUANG; Guifen; CHEN; Liumei; XIONG; Yuning; WANG; Kaifu; YE; Lan; ZHANG; Qizhan; TANG; Jin; WANG

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to understand the current situation of heavy metal pollution in paddy soil in West Guangxi,to provide a reference for heavy metal pollution control. The content of Cd,Pb and As of 50 soil samples of cultivation layer( 0- 20 cm),taken from main rice producing areas in West Guangxi,is determined. The environment quality of soil is assessed with the single factor index and the potential ecological risk of paddy soil is evaluated with the potential ecological risk index of Hakanson. The results show that the mean content of Cd,Pb,and As in paddy soil samples is 0. 941,26. 46 and 10. 16 mg / kg,respectively. The Cd content of 54. 0% soil samples and the As content of 2. 0% soil samples are higher than the standard II National Soil Environment Quality,and Cd in paddy soil has high potential ecological risk. Heavy metal pollution in paddy soil in West Guangxi is mainly Cd pollution.

  3. Thinking on Promoting International Trade Competitive Advantage of Agricultural Products in Guangxi Based on CAFTA Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the status quo and the existing problems of international trade development of agricultural products in Guangxi based on CAFTA framework as follows: the international trade of agricultural products in Guangxi shows a trend of rapid growth, but the structure of export products is simple; the distribution of export market is irrational; the export goods are mainly the resources-intensive goods and labor-intensive goods, with low added value of goods; the brand of agricultural products lacks strong overall international competitiveness. In the context of CAFTA framework, in order to foster the international trade competitive advantage of agricultural products in Guangxi, corresponding suggestions are put forward as follows: the structure of export market should change from the current simple status to diversified trend; the structure of export goods should gradually change from the current factor endowment to the orientation of international market demand; the agricultural production should change from the traditional agricultural products to advantageous complementary characteristic agricultural products; the trade structure should change from the land-intensive agricultural products to labor-intensive and technology-intensive agricultural products; the structure of merchandise trade should change from low-price vicious competition to high added-value competition; the governmental function should change from traditional one-way-direction-oriented function to modern integrated-service-and-supervision-oriented function that meets the requirements of export.

  4. Numerical Simulation of Nutrient and Phytoplankton Dynamics in Guangxi Coastal Bays, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Xudong; WANG Baodong; SUN Xia; LIANG Shengkang

    2014-01-01

    The increasing riverine pollutants have resulted in nutrient enrichment and deterioration of water quality in the coastal water of Guangxi Province, China. However, the quantitative relationship between nutrient loads and water quality responses, which is crucial for developing eutrophication control strategies, is not well studied. In this study, the riverine fluxes of nutrients were quan-tified and integrated with nutrient cycling and phytoplankton dynamics by using box models for Guangxi coastal bays. The model concepts and biogeochemical equations were the same; while most model parameters were specific for each bay. The parameters were calibrated with seasonal observations during 2006-2007, and validated with yearly averaged measurements in 2009. The gen-eral features of nutrient and phytoplankton dynamics were reproduced, and the models were proved feasible under a wide range of bay conditions. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen was depleted during the spring algal bloom in Zhenzhu Bay and Fangcheng Bay with relatively less nutrient inputs. Phosphorus concentration was high in spring, which decreased then due to continuous phytoplankton consumption. Chlorophyll-a concentration reached its annual maximum in summer, but was the minimum in winter. Eutrophication was characterized by both an increase in nutrient concentrations and phytoplankton biomass in Lianzhou Bay. Either about 80%re-duction of nitrogen or 70%reduction of phosphorus was required to control the algal bloom in Lianzhou Bay. Defects of the models were discussed and suggestions to the environmental protection of Guangxi coastal bays were proposed.

  5. Biomass burning contribution to Beijing aerosol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Cheng

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Biomass burning, the largest global source of elemental carbon (EC and primary organic carbon (OC, is strongly associated with many subjects of great scientific concern, such as secondary organic aerosol and brown carbon which exert important effects on the environment and on climate in particular. This study investigated the relationships between levoglucosan and other biomass burning tracers (i.e., water soluble potassium and mannosan based on both ambient samples collected in Beijing and source samples. Compared with North America and Europe, Beijing was characterized by high ambient levoglucosan concentrations and low winter to summer ratios of levoglucosan, indicating significant impact of biomass burning activities throughout the year in Beijing. Comparison of levoglucosan and water soluble potassium (K+ levels suggested that it was acceptable to use K+ as a biomass burning tracer during summer in Beijing, while the contribution of fireworks to K+ could be significant during winter. Moreover, the levoglucosan to K+ ratio was found to be lower during the typical summer period (0.21 ± 0.16 compared with the typical winter period (0.51 ± 0.15. Levoglucosan correlated strongly with mannosan (R2 = 0.97 throughout the winter and the levoglucosan to mannosan ratio averaged 9.49 ± 1.63, whereas levoglucosan and mannosan exhibited relatively weak correlation (R2 = 0.73 during the typical summer period when the levoglucosan to mannosan ratio averaged 12.65 ± 3.38. Results from positive matrix factorization (PMF model analysis showed that about 50% of the OC and EC in Beijing were associated with biomass burning processes. In addition, a new source identification method was developed based on the comparison of the levoglucosan to K+ ratio and the levoglucosan to mannosan ratio among different types of biomass. Using this method, the major source of biomass burning aerosol in Beijing was suggested to be the combustion of crop residuals, while the

  6. Research on Xinhai Revolution and Social Change of Shandong Province: for the 100th Anniversary of Xinhai Revolution%Research on Xinhai Revolution and Social Change of Shandong Province: for the 100th Anniversary of Xinhai Revolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Xinhai Revolution, breaking out in the year of 1911, overthrew the tyranny of Qing Dynasty, set up Republic of China and meanwhile it enhanced the consciousness of democracy and the concept of republic and democratic. Since then China has transit preliminarily from traditional society to modern one, which was led to a modern-society-developing orbit and was proved to be a great era-significant national democratic revolution. Xinhai Revolution strengthened the social change of China and greatly influenced politics, economy, culture, education, media, regional cities, civil life and social space in Shandong to pave for modernization. Although met with many difficulties, the society in Shandong was filled with many turning points and headed for the way of developing Shandong during the period of Republic of China.

  7. Integrated Development of Chinese Herbal Medicine Planting and Tourist Commodities: A Case Study of Green Handmade Soap Development in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiu; LI; Mengxuan; CHEN; Xiaoli; SONG

    2015-01-01

    Combining current situations of Chinese herbal medicine planting industry in Shandong,in line with existing problems of Chinese herbal medicine planting industry,this paper analyzed development prospect of tourist commodity industry in Shandong Province,and came up with actual selection and recommendations for integrated development of Chinese herbal medicine planting and tourist commodities.

  8. Beijing Olympics as an aerosol field experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cermak, J.; Knutti, R.

    2009-05-01

    During the 2008 Olympic Summer Games, emission reductions were enforced in Beijing to improve air quality. Here we explore their effect on the regional aerosol load. We compare satellite-retrieved aerosol optical thickness (AOT) of that period with previous years, both in absolute terms and in a neural network approach taking into account the meteorological conditions. A statistically significant reduction of aerosol load is found in Beijing that decreases in magnitude and significance with increasing region size. Locally, the aerosol load (log(AOT)) was about 0.4 to 0.75 standard deviations below the levels expected for the prevailing meteorological situation. The small size of this effect relative to meteorological variability highlights the importance of regional aerosol transport.

  9. Analysis of Energy Consumption in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhou; Tong Lizhi; Sun Juan

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1. Present characteristics of Beijing's energy consumption 1.1 The slowing of the growth in total energy consumption In 2008, Beijing's total energy consumption reached 63.437 million tons of standard coal, an increase of 586.6 thousand tons compared with the previous year. The increasing range was 1%, dropping 5.45% compared with the previous year, as shown in Figure 1. Since 2005, the annual growth rate of the total energy consumption showed a decreasing trend each year. The city's GDP over the same period reached RMB 1.048803 trillion, increasing 9%. The energy consumption rate fell clearly. In 2008, the energy consumption rate was 0.61 tons of standard coal per 10 thousand yuan GDP, a decline of 7.4%. It continued the favorable condition of 2007's energy saving.

  10. Beijing Xing Boter Technology Co.,Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Passenger ship LOA:36m crew:16 persons passengers:298 persons Address:B512 Minghu Building,24 Huangsi Dajie, Xicheng District,Beijing Tel:86-10-62362715 Fax:86-10-62362715 Email:xboter@xboter.com.cn We firmly believe that top product quality and integrity are important guarantees of enterprise development.We make very effort to meet customers’ personalized needs with flex-

  11. Beijing- the Forming of a Polycentric Megacity

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Zhi; Kong, Chen

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Last century witnessed the increase of metropolitan regions and much attention has been paid on them. The concept of megacity appeared during the development process of metropolitan regions. Due to the rapid urbanisation and the population explosion in China, there are three main megacities which have great influence on the national economy. In this thesis, we choose one of the main megacities - Beijing megacity, as our case and the research question is how to strengthen the polycent...

  12. National Standardization Meeting Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ On March 23, 2006, the Standardization Administration of China (SAC) held the national standardization meeting in Beijing. Li Changjiang, Minister of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.China (AQSIQ), Liu Pingjun, Director of SAC and other related officials from the relevant departments of the State Council, professional associations, and the officials and representatives from enterprises of various sectors of China attended the meeting.

  13. Status quo of Beijing Printing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    In 2013,printers in Beijing were totaled at 1669,decreasing by22 from the last year,with prime operating revenues of RMB30.05 billion,increasing by 5% from 2012;total profits of RMB2.88 billion,decreasing by 1%from 2012;total assets of RMB44.03 billion,increasing by 9% from 2012;and workforce in the filed by the end of year of 68236,

  14. DISCOVERING BEIJING From Commerce to Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    An old industrial part of Beijing,known for its geomantic omens,will soon become a recreational area housing cultura and sporting facilities Shijingshan District,regarded as a geographically auspicious district,will soon become the site of the Capital Recreation District. The history of Shijingshan District,named after Shijingshan Hill,dates back at least 2,200 years.It occupies 86 square km,and the distance between the central area of the dis-

  15. Chinese Satellites Serve Beijing Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren Shufang

    2008-01-01

    @@ METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES PROVIDING WEATHER SERVICES As the opening and closing ceremonies and many competition events such as athletics, football, cycling and sailing etc., were held in open air stadiums, field or on water, it was of great importance to provide exact weather forecasts and on-time climate information to prepare for disastrous weather so as to ensure the Olympic Games proceeded smoothly. For this purpose, China launched the meteorological satellite service project in 2002 to safeguard the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

  16. One-Year Countdown to Beijing Olympics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei; Bai Yifeng

    2007-01-01

    @@ August 8, 2007, a special day for Chinese people, marks the beginning of one-year countdown to the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. A grand ceremony opened in China's Olympic City at 8:08pm on August 8, 2008.On this significant day, many celebrations referring to Olympic Games were held all around China. All together, there were 63 events taking place across the country.

  17. The challenge of improving visibility in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Q. H. Zhang

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The "Blue Sky Project" was proposed in 1998 to investigate by how much emissions should be reduced to increase blue sky frequency in Beijing, which hosted the Summer Olympics in 2008. This paper focuses on the temporal variation of visibility and its dependence on meteorological conditions and suspended particles at Beijing using the hourly observed visibility data at Beijing Capital International Airport (BCIA from 1999 to 2007. It has been found that about 47.8% (24.2% of the hours in Beijing are "bad" ("good" hours with visibility below 10 km (equal or higher than 20 km between 1999 and 2007. Due to the high Relative Humidity (RH, summer is the season with the lowest mean visibility in a year. Although PM10 index was reported in a decreasing trend (Chan and Yao, 2008, the increase of RH has resulted in a decreasing trend of visibility over BCIA in the summer from 1999 to 2007. To ensure blue sky ("good" visibility for Olympics 2008, daily mean PM10 index should have been reduced from 81 to 44. This requires that not only vehicle emissions, but also other emissions should be limited. Observations verify that blue-sky-hour rate increased significantly after mean PM10 index was reduced to 53 during Olympics 2008, however, the visibility of 2009 returned to the mean level from 1999 to 2007 during the period 8−24 August. RH (aerosol contribute 24% (76% of the improvement of visibility during August 2008.

  18. Sinopec Gas Company Established in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On June 6th, Sinopec Gas Company was founded formally in Beijing, indicating that Sinopec has entered into a new stage in positively implementing the natural gas development strategy and expanding and strengthening the natural gas businesses. Mr. Chen Tonghai, Chairman of Sinopec Corp and Mr. Wang Tianpu, President of Sinopec Corp, presented and unveiled for Sinopec Gas Company. Mr. Wang Zhigang, Senior Vice President of Sinopec Corp, made a speech in the unveiling ceremony.

  19. American Las Vegas Sands Corp. Visiting Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yinghong; Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ On August 29, Wan Jifei, Chairman of CCPIT, meets the visiting delegation led by Sheldon G. Adelson,Chairman of the Board and principal owner of Las Vegas Sands Corp. in CCPIT. Zhao Zhenge, Vice Director of International Connection Department of CCPIT, Luo Guoxiong from Beijing China Exhibition Investment Company, Xu Jingyi, Assistant Director of American and Oceanian Affairs Division of CCPIT, also attended the meeting.

  20. New terminal of Beijing Capial International Airport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE extension of the terminal at the Beijing Capital International Airport, one of the key construction projects of the Ninth National Five Year Plan, was completed successfully in September 1999. The Hshaped new terminal building covers a total area of 336 thousand square meters -- four times that of the old one. It stands three floors above ground (part of it four floors) and one floor underground. Its opening upgrades peak time passenger

  1. Beijing Locomotive Speed(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MUYU

    2003-01-01

    DIVERSIFICATION has been the key to the Beijing Railway Administration's sustained success in recent years. Between 1998 and 2002,earnings from its tertiary industry businesses tripled from 5.638 billion to 16.317 billion yuan, realizing a total profit of 3.95 billion yuan. The Administration's 1,710 diversified operation business corporations, each with its own legal representative, employs one fifth of its workforce.

  2. Euro Ⅲ Standard Oil Products Entering into Beijing Market Completely

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Hong

    2005-01-01

    @@ The gasoline and diesel accorded with Euro Ⅲ standard, which has been continuously concerned by various fields, has entered into Beijing petrol stations on schedule. Since zero hour on the first of July, all of petrol stations in Beijing have changed to supply gasoline and diesel accorded with Euro Ⅲ standard, and the vehicleused oil products, which does not conform to the quality standard of environmental protection, will exit from Beijing market.

  3. Environmental impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    Huijuan, Cao; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

    2013-01-01

    Beijing organized the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, and the main goal of the Chinese government regarding this event was to hold a Green Olympics. A difference-in-differences approach was used to estimate the environmental impact the Olympic Games on air quality improvement in Beijing, compared to improvements in other areas in China. The results indicate that compared to other regions, air quality in Beijing improved for a short period of time. These improvements were largely due to the impleme...

  4. Beijing + 5, still much to be done.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    This paper presents the proceedings of the Twenty-third Special Session of the UN General Assembly entitled "Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the 21st century". Attended by representatives from 179 countries, UN agencies and 1200 nongovernmental organizations, the governments which came together reaffirmed their commitment to the goals and objectives contained in the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action adopted at the 4th World Conference on Women in 1995. Participants reviewed and appraised progress and identified obstacles and current challenges in the implementation of the Platform for Action. In addition, they recognized that the goals and commitments made in the Platform for Action have not been fully implemented and achieved. In view of this, a consensus was achieved which noted that further actions and initiatives at local, national, regional, and international levels to accelerate its implementation and to ensure that commitments for gender equality, development and peace are fully realized. An outcome of this meeting is the document entitled "Further actions and initiatives to implement the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action". The document presents the progress made since the 4th women's Conference in Beijing in 1995. PMID:12349728

  5. The ecology of medical care in Beijing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang Shao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We presented the pattern of health care consumption, and the utilization of available resources by describing the ecology of medical care in Beijing on a monthly basis and by describing the socio-demographic characteristics associated with receipt care in different settings. METHODS: A cohort of 6,592 adults, 15 years of age and older were sampled to estimate the number of urban-resident adults per 1,000 who visited a medical facility at least once in a month, by the method of three-stage stratified and cluster random sampling. Separate logistic regression analyses assessed the association between those receiving care in different types of setting and their socio-demographic characteristics. RESULTS: On average per 1,000 adults, 295 had at least one symptom, 217 considered seeking medical care, 173 consulted a physician, 129 visited western medical practitioners, 127 visited a hospital-based outpatient clinic, 78 visited traditional Chinese medical practitioners, 43 visited a primary care physician, 35 received care in an emergency department, 15 were hospitalized. Health care seeking behaviors varied with socio-demographic characteristics, such as gender, age, ethnicity, resident census register, marital status, education, income, and health insurance status. In term of primary care, the gate-keeping and referral roles of Community Health Centers have not yet been fully established in Beijing. CONCLUSIONS: This study represents a first attempt to map the medical care ecology of Beijing urban population and provides timely baseline information for health care reform in China.

  6. Variability in UVB radiation in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bo, Hu; Xinghua, Zhang; Yuesi, Wang

    2013-01-01

    The variation characteristics of Ultraviolet-B (UVB; 280-315 nm) radiation over Beijing were explored using measured data that were collected in Beijing from November 2010 to October 2011. Seasonal variations in UVB radiation and influence of ozone and clearness index on the ratio of UVB to broadband solar radiation (G) were investigated. The annual value of UVB radiation in Beijing is 6.37 MJ m(-2), and monthly average value ranges from 4.96 to 28.37 kJ m(-2) d(-1). The maximum daily total UVB radiation ranges from 6.55 kJ m(-2) d(-1) in November to 54.22 kJ m(-2) d(-1) in July. The monthly minimum of daily total UVB radiation varies from 0.5 kJ m(-2) d(-1) in February to 11.52 kJ m(-2) d(-1) in July. The monthly average of the ratio of UVB radiation to G ranges from 0.007 to 0.017%, with an annual average value of 0.012%. The variation in slant ozone column causes annual cycle of the ratio UVB radiation to G, with maximum value in summer. In addition, clouds have a greater effect on G than UVB radiation. Thus, the ratio increases by more than 17% when the atmospheric conditions change from clear to cloudy.

  7. Modeling aerosol impacts on atmospheric visibility in Beijing with RAMS-CMAQ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Xiao; Zhang, Meigen; Tao, Jinhua; Wang, Lili; Gao, Jian; Wang, Shulan; Chai, Fahe

    2013-06-01

    A typical heavy air pollution episode occurred over the North China Plain (NCP) in December 2010. The air quality in Beijing and its surrounding regions worsened during the period December 17 to 22, and local visibility became significantly affected by the high pollution levels. The air quality modeling system RAMS-CMAQ coupled with an aerosol optical property scheme was applied to simulate the trace gases and major aerosol components in the NCP to obtain an in-depth understanding of the relationship between regional low visibility and aerosol particles. The model performance was evaluated using various observation data, such as meteorological factors (temperature, relative humidity, and wind field), gaseous pollutants (SO2, NO2, and O3), PM2.5, PM10, and visibility at several measurement stations. The modeled meteorological field and visibility were in good agreement with observations from December 2010. The modeled mass concentrations of gaseous pollutants and aerosol particles also suitably captured the magnitude and variation features of the observation data, especially during the air pollution episode. The simulated results showed that during this pollution episode, low visibility (lower than 10 km) occurred mainly in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, and Shandong. The analysis and sensitivity test indicated that the aerosol particles larger than PM2.5 and the water uptake effect of aerosol optical properties could not significantly influence visibility. Thus, the low visibility was primarily caused by the high mass burden of PM2.5as a result of the local pollutant accumulation and long-range transport. Statistics showed that the visibility variation was closely inversely related to the variation in PM2.5 in most regions in the NCP. Visibility decreased lower than 10 km when the mass concentration of PM2.5 exceeded 75 μg m-3 to 85 μg m-3 in the NCP. Sulfate and nitrate were the two major inorganic aerosol components of PM2.5 that evidently decreased visibility by

  8. Beijing Language and Cultural Center for Diplomatic Missions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As an educational institution with nearly 50 years of history, Beijing Language and Cultural Center for Diplomatic Missions (LCC) specializes in teaching Mandarin and offering Chinese cultural lessons.

  9. Statistical Analysis for the Driving Cycle of Beijing's Bus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王震坡; 孙逢春; 王军; 孙立清

    2004-01-01

    According to the test data of the driving model for Beijing's bus routes, 9 parameters and the actual values of Beijing bus are confirmed to evaluate the driving cycle, 2 ways of establishing driving cycle model are analyzed, the formula of calculating driving cycle is acquired, and the calculating driving cycle model and the statistical driving cycle model for the buses in Beijing urban areas are set up. This study provides scientific basis for selecting the bus type and confirming the design parameters and the running method in Beijing.

  10. Overall-effective Measures for Sustainable Water Resources Management in the Coastal Areas of Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Baoxiang; W. F. Geiger; S. Kaden; R. Kutzner; WANG Zengliang

    2006-01-01

    In the coastal catchments of Shandong Province the water scarcity is aggravated due to saltwater intrusion, reducing the usability of water resources available. Such a situation calls for sustainable integrated water resources management (Ⅰ-WRM). The idea for the objectives and implementation of the IWRM are explained in this paper. The general objective of the planned project disscussed in the present study is to bring together German traditional expertise in water resources management and newer developments in the context of the European Water Framework Directive; the research efforts aim to relieve the desperate water scarcity situation in the costal area of Shandong Province.

  11. Case Analysis on Physical Characteristics of Autumn Cumulus-stratus Mixed Cloud in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to analyze physical structures of mixed cloud in autumn in Shandong.[Method] By dint of Doppler radar data,the raindrop spectrum data observed by laser spectrometer,second sounding data of L-band,satellite retrieval data,and other general information,the physical structures of mixed cloud in autumn on August 29,2009 were discussed.[Result] This was a typical precipitation process of mixed cloud,and the main precipitation process lasted for 10 hours.Rainfall intensity was ups and down...

  12. Research on Development Models of Ocean Recreational Fishery in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiwen; DONG; Fengning; WU

    2013-01-01

    Developing recreational fishery is the main way to promote the fisherman transferring their jobs,to enhance their incomes,and to promote the development of the fishing village. The development models of ocean recreational fishery of Shandong province were given. According to the development of recreational fishery and management models,the development modes of recreational fisheries can be divided as: individual operation mode,fishermen association mode,the company and fishermen joint venture mode,the government leading mode and enterprises synergetic mode. The new direction of recreational fishery was pointed out at last.

  13. Detecting spatial-temporal clusters of HFMD from 2007 to 2011 in Shandong Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunxia Liu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD has caused major public health concerns worldwide, and has become one of the leading causes of children death. China is the most serious epidemic area with a total of 3,419,149 reported cases just from 2008 to 2010, and its different geographic areas might have different spatial epidemiology characteristics at different spatial-temporal scale levels. We conducted spatial and spatial-temporal epidemiology analysis to HFMD at county level in Shandong Province, China. METHODS: Based on the China National Disease Surveillance Reporting and Management System, the spatial-temporal database of HFMD from 2007 to 2011 was built. The global autocorrelation statistic (Moran's I was first used to detect the spatial autocorrelation of HFMD cases in each year. Purely Spatial scan statistics combined with Space-time scan statistic were used to detect epidemic clusters. RESULTS: The annual average incidence rate was 93.70 per 100,000 in Shandong Province. Most HFMD cases (93.94% were aged within 0-5 years old with an average male-to-female sex ratio 1.71, and the incidence seasonal peak was between April and July. The dominant pathogen was EV71 (47.35%, and CoxA16 (26.59%. HFMD had positive spatial autocorrelation at medium spatial scale level (county level with higher Moran's I from 0.31 to 0.62 (P<0.001. Seven spatial-temporal clusters were detected from 2007 to 2011 in the landscape of the whole Shandong, with EV71 or CoxA16 as the dominant pathogen for most hotspots areas. CONCLUSIONS: The spatial-temporal clusters of HFMD wandered around the whole Shandong Province during 2007 to 2011, with EV71 or CoxA16 as the dominant pathogen. These findings suggested that a real-time spatial-temporal surveillance system should be established for identifying high incidence region and conducting prevention to HFMD timely.

  14. Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, Lynn [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zhou, Nan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Lu, Hongyou [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Sambeek, Emiel van [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yowargana, Ping [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Shuang, Liu [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Kejun, Jiang [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-07-12

    This research intends to explore possible design options for a sectoral approach in the cement sector in Shandong Province and to consider its respective advantages and disadvantages for future application. An effort has been made in this research to gather and analyze data that will provide a transparent and robust basis for development of a Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario, maximum technology potential scenario, and ultimately a sector crediting baseline. Surveys among cement companies and discussions with stakeholders were also conducted in order to better understand the industry and local needs related to the sectoral approach.

  15. Bulletin of the State Statistical Bureau of the People's Republic of China on major figures of 1990 Population Census (No. 10), July 3, 1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-10-01

    Migration statistics from the 10% sampling tabulation of the 1990 Population Census for China reflect intra and inter regional migration patterns between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 1990. Tabulations for 29 provinces provide data on inmigrants, outmigrants, interprovincial net migration, and intraprovincial migration. The provinces with inmigration 1% are Beijing (6.13%), Shanghai, Tianjin, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Hainan, Guangdong, Ningxia, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Inner Mongolia, and Jilin in descending order. The remaining provinces wer 1% with Guangxi the lowest at .37%. Provinces with 1% of out migrants were Qinghai (2.22%), Xinjiang, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Sichuan, Ningxia, Gansu, Beijing, Shanghai, Hebei, and Shaanxi. The lowest of the remaining provinces with migration 1% was Guangdong (.40%). Inmingration outmigration was revealed in the following provinces: Beijing (5%), Shanghai (1%), Tianjin (1%), Guangdong (1%), Liaoning, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Jiangsu, Hainan, Fujian, Shanxi, Qinghai, Hubei, and Shandong. Outmigrants were inmigrants in Guangxi (.92%), Sichuan (.5%), Heilongjiang .5%), Zhejiang (.5%), Gansu, Hunan, Jilin, Anhui, Guizhou, Heibi, Inner Mongolia, Jiangxi, Henan, Yunnan and Shaanxi. Only 2 provinces had intra regional migration between cities and counties 3%: Guangdong (3.99%) and Qinghai. Other intra regional migration which was between 2-3% were Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Sichuan, Jilin, Shaanxi, Liaoning, Yunnanm, Zhejiang, Hubei, and Hunan. Tianjin with the lowest at .29% and the remaining provinces had intramigration 2%.

  16. On Creative Strategies for Translating Guangxi Tourism Texts into Eng-lish under the Perspective of ASEAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jian-di

    2016-01-01

    Guangxi tourism texts are a kind of tool to show China’s image. However, there are still lots of problems despite cer-tain achievements in recent years in Chinese-to-English(C-E) translation of tourism texts. So, how to improve the quality of tour-ism materials is of great significance practically. The aim is to adopt the“Creation”Thought of Guo Moruo that emphasizes cre-ation, charming translation, having empathy with the source language and experience, aiming at discovering proper and feasible translation standards and strategies and making it better serve for the tourism development between Guangxi and ASEAN coun-tries.

  17. Influence of the Convection over the South China Sea on the Summer Precipitation of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Suping; LIU Qinyu; GONG Dianli; LIU Shijun

    2004-01-01

    The pentad average minimum outgoing Iongwave radiation (OLR) data over the northern South China Sea (SCS)are selected as indexes to analyze the intensity of the convection connected with the SCS monsoon onset. Statistic analysis demonstrates that the index can account for the intensity of the SCS monsoon about, at least, 75 %. A significant negative correlation (confident level over 90% ) between Shandong's summer rainfall and the index is found only in the period of 24-26 pentads and limited to the area above the deeper water basin of the SCS (10°-20°N, 110°-117.5°E). Thus the minimum OLR over the deeper water basin during 24-26 pentads can be used as a valuable predictor for the long-lead forecast of the precipitation. The 500 hPa geopotential height data in the Northern Hemisphere for the period from 1951 to 2000 are used in order to characterize the physical mechanisms involved. The composite anomalies of the 500 hPa level allow for the identification and detection of the teleconnection of the East Asia-North America (EAP) pattern that is responsible to some extent for the interannual variability of the precipitation of Shandong Province. Besides, the interannual differences of the intraseasonal variations (ISV) of OLR and their northward transmission probably make a contribution to the position of the subtropical high which is vital for the summer rainfall in the province.

  18. Structure design and establishment of database application system for alien species in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Wei-hua; LIU Heng; DU Ning; ZHANG Xin-shi; WANG Ren-qing

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a case study on structure design and establishment of database application system for alien species in Shandong Province, integrating with Geographic Information System, computer network, and database technology to the research of alien species. The modules of alien species database, including classified data input, statistics and analysis, species pictures and distribution maps,and out date input, were approached by Visual Studio.net 2003 and Microsoft SQL server 2000. The alien species information contains the information of classification, species distinction characteristics, biological characteristics, original area, distribution area, the entering fashion and route, invasion time, invasion reason, interaction with the endemic species, growth state, danger state and spatial information, i.e.distribution map. Based on the above bases, several models including application, checking, modifying, printing, adding and returning models were developed. Furthermore, through the establishment of index tables and index maps, we can also spatially query the data like picture,text and GIS map data. This research established the technological platform of sharing information about scientific resource of alien species in Shandong Province, offering the basis for the dynamic inquiry of alien species, the warning technology of prevention and the fast reaction system. The database application system possessed the principles of good practicability, friendly user interface and convenient usage. It can supply full and accurate information inquiry services of alien species for the users and provide functions of dynamically managing the database for the administrator.

  19. Investigation and evaluation of radon concentrations in coal mines in Shandong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigation and measurement were carded out of the radon concentrations, γ radiation dose rate and naturally occurring radionuclides in coal in the selected 22 different types of coal mines in Shandong Province, together with estimating the radiation dose to the underground miners. The measured data shows that the radon concentration, γ radiation dose rate and annual effective dose to the underground miners were (48.53 ± 45.87)Bq/m3, (0.199 ± 0.017) μGy/h and 0.571 mSv in the state-owned large and medium-sized coal mines, 63.97 ± 89.18) Bq/m3, (0.144 ± 0.026) μGy/h and 0.601 mSv in local small and medium-sized coal mines. These results show that the level of radon concentration and γ radiation dose in coal mines in Shandong Province are low. (authors)

  20. Effect of smoking on semen quality of infertile men in Shandong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-PingZHANG; Qing-YuMENG; QiangWANG; Lei-JiaZHANG; Yi-LongMAO; Zhuo-XiangSUN

    2000-01-01

    Aim: To study the effect of smoking on the semen quality in infertile men in Shandong Province, China. Methods: Adult non-drinker males attending the infertility clinic, including 110 non-smokers and 191 smokers, were recruited for the study. Sixty-one fertile, non-smoker and non-drinker males, who had one or more children, served as the controls. The smokers were divided into subgroups according to the amount and duration of smoking. Semen parameters (semen volume and sperm density, viability, motility, and morphology) were examined and seminal plasma contents of Zn , Cu and superoxide dismutase (SOD) determined. Results: The semen volume and acidity, and the sperm density, viability and forward progression, as well as the seminal plasma contents of Zn, Cu and SOD were much lower in the medium, heavy and long-term smokers than in the non-smokers (P < 0.01). The sperm density, viability and forward progression, and the seminal plasma Zn, Cu and SOD levels were negatively correlated with the amount and duration of cigarette smoking (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Medium, heavy and long-term smoking adversely affected the semen quality in a population of men visiting the infertility clinic in Shandong, China.

  1. Testate amoebae communities from some freshwater and soil habitats in China (Hubei and Shandong Provinces)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatoly BOBROV; Yuri MAZEI; Viktor CHERNYSHOV; Yingchun GONG; Weisong FENG

    2012-01-01

    Seventy-eight species and forms of testate amoebae were identified from 29 freshwater and soil habitats in three territories of China (Shandong and Hubei Provinces).Most abundant species from the genera Plagiopyxis,Centropyxis and Trinema represent the globally-distributed and eurybiont group of testate amoebae.The species richness was observed to be the lowest (7-12 species per biotope) in sandy sediments of the Yangtze River,but considerably higher (20-30 taxa) in soil environment.In the range of terrestrial habitats,the most remote communities from Laoshan Mountain in Shandong Province,China manifested the highest difference from others.On the other hand,communities originated in the most distant from industrial center places (Guifeng Mountain in Hubei Province,China) possess the most peculiar species composition including specific Gondwanian taxa (e.g.Nebela bigibbosa).In sum,the results obtained provide the evidence that the community complexity and specificity reduce in the places located within areas that are highly populated and intensively visited by humans.

  2. Charnockite Formation and Early Precambrian Crust Evolution in Yishui Area, Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Charnockite and granulite in Yishui area, Shandong Province are located in the middle part of the Tancheng-Lujiang fault zone, eastern China. Field studies have shown that the charnockites, derived from the adjacent granulites, are classified as three types: enderbite, garnet-enderbite and hypersthene-trondhjemite. In addition, two generations of minerals are present in the charnockites: the relic minerals such as garnet, hypersthene and clinopyroxene, and the neocrystallized minerals such as plagioclase and K-feldspar. The relic minerals occurring in the granulite facies stage were affected by the later partial melting. The relic minerals, irregular and usually ragged in shape, occupy the interstitial positions in the neocrystalline minerals. The neocrystalline minerals are usually euhedral-subhedral crystals. The study of petrology, mineralogy and geochemistry of charnokites concludes that the enderbite was formed by the anatexis of the two-pyroxene plagioclase granulite, that the garnet-enderbite was formed by the anatexis of sillimanite garnet gneiss, and that the hypersthene-trondhjemite was formed by the anatexis of the leucocratic two-pyroxene plagioclase granulite. The U-Pb dating of the zircon indicates that the formation of the charnockite and granulite was related to the Archean-Proterozoic upwelling of a mantle plume (hot spot)around 2 500 Ma, in Yishui area, Shandong Province.

  3. CONVECTIVE ANOMALIES IN TROPICAL OCEAN AREAS AND LONGLEAD FORECAST OF SUMMER RAINFALL IN SHANDONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This study focuses on deep convection anomalies in tropical regions in winter-spring period and their possible influence on the following summer rainfall in shandong province,On the basis of monthly precipitation wet and dry summers in shandong are defined according to a precipitation index.Then monthly OLR data,observed by NOAA satellites,are used to diagnose the features of deep convection for both wet and dry summers.It is found that negative anomalies seem dominant prior to wet summers.while large areas of positive anomalies appear prior to dry summers in tropical oceans.The differences are remarkable especially in the western.middle and eastern tropical Pacific as well as in the tropical Indian Ocean.Correlative analysis confirms the relations between OLR and precipitation.Subtropical High.which plays an essential role in summer rainfall.is also connected with the deep conviction.Altogether eight EOF-CCA forecast models are established on the basis of the above study.The assessment of the models relies on the gauge observing precipitiation in 1997 and 1998.The rsults show that models suing spring OLR data appear to be more practicable than those using winter OLR data,and the models established with OLR in western Pacific and the Indian Ocean perform better than the others,.

  4. CONVECTIVE ANOMALIES IN TROPICAL OCEAN AREAS AND LONG-LEAD FORECAST OF SUMMER RAINFALL IN SHANDONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张苏平; 胡桂芳

    2002-01-01

    This study focuses on deep convection anomalies in tropical regions in winter-spring period and their possible influence on the following summer rainfall in Shandong province.On the basis of monthly precipitation wet and dry summers in Shandong are defined according to a precipitation index.Then monthly OLR data,observed by NOAA satellites,are used to diagnose the features of deep convection for both wet and dry summers.It is found that negative anomalies seem dominant prior to wet summers,while large areas of positive anomalies appear prior to dry summers in tropical oceans.The differences are remarkable especially in the western,middle and eastern tropical Pacific as well as in the tropical Indian Ocean.Correlative analysis confirms the relations between OLR and precipitation.Subtropical High,which plays an essential role in summer rainfall,is also connected with the deep conviction.Altogether eight EOF-CCA forecast models are established on the basis of the above study.The assessment of the models relies on the gauge observing precipitation in 1997 and 1998.The results show that models using spring OLR data appear to be more practicable than those using winter OLR data,and the models established with OLR in western Pacific and the Indian Ocean perform better than the others.

  5. A geomorphological response of beaches to Typhoon Meari in the eastern Shandong Peninsula in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Dong; YANG Jichao; LI Guangxue; DADA Olusegun A; GONG Lixin; WANG Nan; WANG Xiangdong; ZHANG Bin

    2015-01-01

    Eight representative beach profiles on the eastern coast of the Shandong Peninsula are observed and measured in 2011 and 2012 to determine the coastal processes under the lower tropical wind speed condition and the beach response to and recovery from the tropical storm Meari in a rare typhoon region. The results show that it is the enhancement and directional change of cross-shore and longshore sediment transports caused by Meari that leads to the beach morphological changes, and most of the sediment transports occur during the pre-Meari landing phase. The erosional scarp formation and the berm or beach face erosion are the main geomorphological responses of the beaches to the storm. The storm characteristics are more important than the beach shapes in the storm response process of the beaches on Shandong Peninsula. The typhoon is a fortuitous strong dynamic event, and the effect on the dissipative beach is more obvious than it is on the reflective beach in the study region. Furthermore, the beach trend is the main factor that controlls the storm effect intensity, and it is also closely related to the recovery of the beach profiles.

  6. Mycotoxins in wheat flour and intake assessment in Shandong province of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fenghua; Jiang, Dafeng; Zhou, Jingyang; Chen, Jindong; Li, Wei; Zheng, Fengjia

    2016-09-01

    In the present study, the occurrence and contamination levels of eight mycotoxins were investigated in wheat flour samples (n = 359) from Shandong Province of China. Samples were determined using a multi-mycotoxin method based on isotope dilution ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The results indicated that the most frequently found mycotoxins were deoxynivalenol (DON) (97.2%), nivalenol (40.4%) and deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside (33.4%), and mean contamination levels in positive samples were 86.7, 3.55 and 3.34 µg kg(-1), respectively. The obtained data were further used to estimate the daily intake of the local population, and indicated that wheat flour consumption contributes little to DON exposure. However, with the aim to keep the contamination levels under control and to establish a more precise evaluation of the mycotoxin burden in Shandong Province, more sample data from different harvest years and seasons are needed in the future. PMID:26892316

  7. Epidemiological surveillance of low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV from poultry in Guangxi Province, Southern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Peng

    Full Text Available Low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV usually causes mild disease or asymptomatic infection in poultry. However, some LPAIV strains can be transmitted to humans and cause severe infection. Genetic rearrangement and recombination of even low pathogenic influenza may generate a novel virus with increased virulence, posing a substantial risk to public health. Southern China is regarded as the world "influenza epicenter", due to a rash of outbreaks of influenza in recent years. In this study, we conducted an epidemiological survey of LPAIV at different live bird markets (LBMs in Guangxi province, Southern China. From January 2009 to December 2011, we collected 3,121 cotton swab samples of larynx, trachea and cloaca from the poultry at LBMs in Guangxi. Virus isolation, hemagglutination inhibition (HI assay, and RT-PCR were used to detect and subtype LPAIV in the collected samples. Of the 3,121 samples, 336 samples (10.8% were LPAIV positive, including 54 (1.7% in chicken and 282 (9.1% in duck. The identified LPAIV were H3N1, H3N2, H6N1, H6N2, H6N5, H6N6, H6N8, and H9N2, which are combinations of seven HA subtypes (H1, H3, H4, H6, H9, H10 and H11 and five NA subtypes (N1, N2, N5, N6 and N8. The H3 and H9 subtypes are predominant in the identified LPAIVs. Among the 336 cases, 29 types of mixed infection of different HA subtypes were identified in 87 of the cases (25.9%. The mixed infections may provide opportunities for genetic recombination. Our results suggest that the LPAIV epidemiology in poultry in the Guangxi province in southern China is complicated and highlights the need for further epidemiological and genetic studies of LPAIV in this area.

  8. RITZ-CARLTON Ladies & Gentlemen Arriving to Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    "We plan to make a very positive impact in our community" --Vincent Mercurio As Beijing celebrates its two-year countdown to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, L.L.C., which operates 61 luxury hotels all over the world, is intensively preparing for the debut of its first hotel in the city, scheduled to

  9. The 11th Beijing International Printing Information Conference was held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    INFOPRINT 2008,The 11th Beijing International Printing Information Conference was held on November 28, 2008 in Beijing Friendship Hotel,which is sponsored by PEIAC,Printing and Printing Equipment Industries Association of China.Xu Jinfeng,vice chairman & secretary general of PEIAC and Tan Junqiao,advisor of PEIAC

  10. CPAFFC Holds Activities to Greet Beijing Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The Olympic Games are com-ing and really coming! We have been looking forward to this day for 100 years. At last, the Beijing Olympic Games will begin tomorrow with the attention of the whole world. To celebrate the one-day countdown to the Beijing Olympic Games, on the morning

  11. 到北京旅游%Travel to Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Last summer my family traveled to Beijing by bus.On the way,we kept watching the beautiful scenery out of the window.There are many interesting places in Beijing,such as the Palace Museum,the Summer Palace,the G reat Hall of the People,the Great Wall and so on.

  12. An Examination of the Preparation and Practice of Grades 7-12 Mathematics Teachers from the Shandong Province in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Su; Glaz, Sarah; DeFranco, Thomas; Vinsonhaler, Charles; Grenier, Robin; Cardetti, Fabiana

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a study that examined the preparation and teaching practice of ten teachers of grades 7-12 from the Shandong province in China. This study revealed that a multi-dimensional training system has been developed to help the teachers gradually build up their knowledge base for teaching. The findings of this study…

  13. Shandong Plans to Cultivate Two Aluminum Industry Groups with Sales Income Topping 100 billion yuan Within Three Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Recently,Shandong Province unveiled"Nonferrous Industry Transition and Upgrading Plan",which proposed that by 2017 it would cultivate 2 ultra large aluminum industry groups with sales income topping 100 billion yuan,aluminum capacity will be reduced to 9million tonnes;before 2020 it will no longer add new capacity.

  14. Shandong XinfaPlans to Invest 70 billion Yuan to Develop CoalPower-Aluminum Project in Zunyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>DOn April 18, Shandong Xinfa Group and Zunyi People’s Government formally signed a framework cooperation agreement for coalpower-aluminum integrated project, planning to invest 70 billion yuan to concentrate on building North Guizhou coal-power-aluminum integrated resource downstream processing base.

  15. Shandong Hengyuan 200,000 tonnes of High-Precision Copper Product Project is Making Smooth Progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Shandong Hengyuan Copper Co., Ltd is an emerging copper product processing enterprise in China, the company plans to invest 1 billion yuan to construct 200,000 t/a high precision copper product, which includes: 20,000 tones of precision copper tube and copper alloy tube, 10,000 tonnes of railway electrification copper

  16. The link between interannual variation of the South China Sea summer monsoon onset and summer precipitation in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Relationship between the onset date of South China Sea (SCS) summer monsoon and the summer rainfall in Shandong Province was examined by comprehensive analysis to establish a conceptual model of the link. If the summer monsoon occurs earlier, the 500 hPa level would induce the teleconnection of Eurasian pattern in the summer (June-August), which indicates that the western Pacific subtropical high is displaced northward further than usual, the Siberian high is intensified and the Okhotsk low is deepened. Under such circumstance, Shandong, located in the west side of the subtropical high and in front of the mid-Siberia high, would be expected to have a wet summer because it is quite possible for cold and warm air to meet and interact with each other in Shandong. Statistical analysis revealed that the 500 hPa anomalies over Korea and Japan were sensitive to the SCS monsoon onset date and very important to precipitation in Shandong, and that the convective activities over the deep water basin in the SCS in 24-26 pentads significantly influenced the position of the ridge lineof the western Pacific subtropical high. These findings yielded better understanding of the causative mechanisms involved in the precipitation generation, so that the knowledge gained can possibly be applied for long-lead forecast.

  17. Cost-benefit Analysis of Scale Pig Breeding in Shandong Province Based on Modified Entropy Weight-TOPSIS Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuanyuan; ZHANG; Shimin; SUN

    2014-01-01

    According to the relevant statistical data in National Agricultural cost-benefit Data Compilation(2001- 2013),we use the modified entropy weight- TOPSIS model to research the cost-benefit status of scale pig breeding in Shandong Province from the perspective of comparing it with that of the entire country and 9 other main pig producing areas. The results show that compared with the national average,the cost-benefit ratio of small scale pig breeding in Shandong Province is lower,while the cost-benefit ratio of medium scale and large scale pig breeding is significantly improved; the cost-benefit ratio of small scale pig breeding in Shandong Province is basically the same as that in 9 other main pig producing areas,while the cost-benefit ratio of medium scale and large scale pig breeding is higher; the output value of main products and the purchase price of piglet are two major bottlenecks restricting the cost-benefit improvement of scale pig breeding in Shandong Province.

  18. CAS, Guangxi to join forces for eco-environmental restoration in Karst areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ CAS has recently signed a protocol with the Government of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to jointly rehabilitate the depleted ecosystem in the local Karst areas. Early and effective partnership has been formed between the two sides to eliminate the local poverty with S&T means and improve the ecological setting in the Karst areas of the Region. Since the conclusion of a cooperative pact between the two sides to exploit the stony mountains of the region in 1993, for example, a batch of key research results and effects of applicable demonstration has been achieved.

  19. Late Changhsingian radiolarian biostratigraphy from Guangxi, South China and its correlation to conodonts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Jun; FENG QingLai

    2008-01-01

    A well-preserved,abundant radiolarian fauna was obtained from three sections: the Dongpan,Liuqiao,and Paibi sections,in southern Guangxi,South China.Sixteen species belonging to Albaillella and Neoalbaillella,including seven undetermined species,are recognized.On the basis of stratigraphic distribution of these species,two radiolarian zones,the Albaillella triangularis Zone and the Albaillella yaoi Zone,are established.The correlation between radiolarian zones and conodont zones is suggested based on the discovery of coexisting conodonts.Albaillella triangularis and Albaillella yaoi zones correspond to Neogondolella postwangi and Neogondolella yini zones respectively.

  20. Late Changhsingian radiolarian biostratigraphy from Guangxi,South China and its correlation to conodonts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A well-preserved, abundant radiolarian fauna was obtained from three sections: the Dongpan, Liuqiao, and Paibi sections, in southern Guangxi, South China. Sixteen species belonging to Albaillella and Neoalbaillella, including seven undetermined species, are recognized. On the basis of stratigraphic distribution of these species, two radiolarian zones, the Albaillella triangularis Zone and the Albaillella yaoi Zone, are established. The correlation between radiolarian zones and conodont zones is suggested based on the discovery of coexisting conodonts. Albaillella triangularis and Albaillella yaoi zones correspond to Neogondolella postwangi and Neogondolella yini zones respectively.

  1. Exploring the severe winter haze in Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. J. Zheng

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Extreme haze episodes repeatedly shrouded Beijing during the winter of 2012–2013, causing major environmental and health problems. To better understand these extreme events, we analyzed the hourly observation data of PM2.5 and its major chemical composition, with support of model simulations. Severe winter haze was shown to result from stable synoptic meteorological conditions over a large part of northeastern China, rather than from an abrupt increase in emissions. Build-up of secondary species, including organics, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium, was the major driving force behind these polluted periods. The contribution of organic matter decreased with increasing pollution level while sulfate and nitrate contributions increased. Correspondingly, the ratio of secondary organic carbon to elemental carbon decreased and had a stable diurnal pattern during heavily polluted periods, indicating weakened photochemical activity due to the dimming effect of high loading of aerosol particles. Under such conditions, the strong increase in sulfate and nitrate contributions to PM2.5 was attributed to an elevated conversion ratio, reflecting more active heterogeneous reactions with gradually increasing relative humidity. Moreover, we found that high aerosol concentration was a regional phenomenon. The accumulation process of aerosol particles occurred successively from southeast cities to Beijing. The "apparent" sharp increase in PM2.5 concentration of up to several hundred μg m−3 per hour recorded in Beijing represented rapid "recovery" from an "interruption" to the continuous pollution accumulation over the region, rather than purely local chemical production. This suggests that regional transport of pollutants played an important role during these severe pollution events.

  2. Spatial patterns of urban land use growth in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    By using digitized land use maps of Beijing in 1982, 1992 and 1997 and employing GIS spatial analysis techniques, this paper conducts an empirical study on the spatial differentiation and spatial patterns of urban land use growth in Beijing in the period of 1982-1997. It is observed that urban land use growth in Beijing went beyond the control of urban planning, in terms of the extraordinary high growth rate and undesired spatial pattern. The rate of urban expansion after 1982, which was predominated by growth of industrial land, was extraordinary high compared to its historical period. While its growth centers have been actively shifting toward the northern part, rather than toward the southern and eastern parts as designated by the latest General Plan (1991-2010) of Beijing, its spatial pattern of urban land use growth in general was in distinct concentric sprawl, which seriously violated the General Plan of Beijing.

  3. Analysis of Beijing Oral English Certificate Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵巍巍

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, assessing speaking has received a great degree of attention not only because it is difficult to develop and ad-minister, but also it plays a significant role in eliciting the purpose of foreign language learning. Studies on assessing speaking ex-plored different proposals influencing the test of speaking, such as the nature of speaking, basic types of speaking, mode of test and rating scales. This study compares different proposals for assessing speaking in foreign language learning. Deep analyses according to Beijing Oral English Certificate (BOEC) testing will be presented with the improvement suggestions.

  4. National Standardization Working Conference Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ National Standardization Working Conference was held in Beijing on March 30th, 2004. Li Changjiang, director of Greneral Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of P.R.China was present and addressed at the conference.Li Changjiang said that the broad ranks of standardization workers should have a complete understanding of their historic responsibilities for standardization, further enhance their sense of urgency for accelerating reformation of standardization, change their concepts, carry out a bold reformation, stick to market orientation, and exert themselves to realize leap-forward development of standardization undertakings.

  5. Beijing Xing Boter Technology Co.Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Beijing Xing Boter Technology Co.Ltd specializes in the manufacturing of golf gloves and other products. Rolled out from a tightly controlled production line,many of our products are exported to Europe,Japan and America.Years of experience have endowed us with reliable ability to develop good-quality products and undertake processing supplied materials and samples.Besides this,we boast a team of experienced professionals in the man- agement and technology of glove manufacturing.Our gloves are made of top-grade materials and through unique

  6. Fashion the Future at ISPO BEIJING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China's consumer market is recognized as one of the fastest evolving in the world today. A market that is young and hungry for authentic labels. That is inspired by international product trends and fashion media influences. So it is that retailers need access to and information on the leading influences in this market sector. ISPO BEIJING is the outstanding sports business platform in the Asian Pacific Rim that has been developed to bring together the world's leading brands to spotlight that creativity for them.

  7. Finding the Perfect Office in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    My name is Sally Kwong.I am CEO of a well-known U.S.financial company. Last week I needed to urgently find an office in Beijing,which meant flying out to China at short notice with my Chinese assistant.On arrival we approached a professional office agent to help us get located. Their senior manager Mr.Huang was on hand to help.After telling him our re- quirements:a solid business environment, convenient transportation,modem appear- ance,a landmark building,spacious and equipped with all modern facilities,Mr.

  8. Suggestions about Taxi Service in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖

    2006-01-01

    @@ No matter what kinds1 of work we are engaged in, we usually play the role of the customers2 in life. Maybe we offer service to our clients, but at the same time, we get service from other people. So, to the society3, it is very important of the level of the service occupations4. In this essay, I want to talk about the service of the taxi in Beijing5. Because there are some problems in this service occupation, I will give three suggestions to these problems6.

  9. Three Concepts Embodied in Beijing Olympic Venues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The designs of the Beijing Olympic venues have attracted more attention from around the world than those in any preceding Olympic Games. For the 2008 Olympics, Beiiing has prepared 31 venues, including 12 that are newly-built, 11 that have been improved or expanded and 8 which are temporary. Unique world-class venues like the "Bird's Nest" and the "Water Cube" have shocked the world,fully reflecting the three concepts of holding a "Green Olympics,High-tech Olympics and People's Olympics".

  10. Aerosol observation in Fengtai area, Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zengdong Liu; Jianguo Liu; Bei Wang; Fan Lu; Shuhua Huang; Dexia Wu; Daowen Han

    2008-01-01

    Measurements of aerosol number concentration and particulate matter with diameter less than 10μm (PM10) mass concentrations of urban background aerosols were performed in Fengtai area, Beijing in 2006. Black carbon (BC) was collected simultaneously from the ground and analyzed to determine the particulate matter components. To satisfy the interest in continuous monitoring of temporal and spatial distribution of aerosols, the relationship between extinction coefficient (visibility) measured by lidar remote sensing and the aerosol number concentration measured from the ground was derived by using statistical method. Vertical particle number concentration profile within the planetary boundary layer could be inversed through the lidar data as well as the statistical relation.

  11. 基于省域的广西西瓜生产比较优势空间特征分析%Provincial Comparative Advantages of Watermelon Production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆宇明; 张棵; 柳唐镜; 覃武; 洪日新; 覃斯华; 杨景峰

    2014-01-01

    [Objective]This study aimed to clarify the spatial patterns of comparative advantage of watermelon production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, to pro-vide theoretical basis for the development of watermelon industry in China. [Method] Based on the agricultural statistics data of Guangxi and al over China, yield com-parative advantage (YCA) index, efficiency comparative advantage (ECA) index, scale comparative advantage (SCA) index, concentration ratio comparative advantage (CRCA) index, comprehensive comparative advantage (CCA) index, ratio of yield per unit area (RYPA) index and sowing area ratio (SAR) index were established and calculated to determine the watermelon production comparative advantages in 31 provinces (cities) in China. Spacial patterns of the comparative advantages were produced by using GIS software. [Result] Nine provinces Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Hunan, Zhejiang and Guangxi were the dominant regions in watermelon production al over the country. The Central and Eastern China showed the integrated comparative advantage in watermelon production, while the Southern, Northeastern, Northern and Northwestern China can be considered as the potential places for watermelon production in future. Southwest China gave more priority to watermelon production, so the comparative advantages kept increasing here. [Con-clusion] Based on this study, watermelon production should be a prior consideration among the agricultural products in Guangxi. Related measures should be developed to optimize the regional distribution of watermelon in Guangxi and China to promote healthy competition in watermelon production.%[目的]阐明西瓜生产比较优势区域的空间特征,为广西及中国西瓜产业战略决策提供重要的参考依据。[方法]利用广西及中国的农业统计资料,以产量比较优势指数、效率比较优势指数、规模比较优势指数、集中度比较优势指数、综合比较优势、单位面积

  12. Pyrosequencing identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis W-Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drancourt Michel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The worldwide expanding Mycobacterium tuberculosis W-Beijing family is associated with treatment failure and relapse. Its identification currently relies on spoligotyping and conventional sequencing. We developed pyrosequencing as an alternative method for its identification. Findings Pyrosequencing found a G/A substitution in the Rv0927c-pstS3 intergenic spacer and a RD105 deletion, identifying 8/104 M. tuberculosis isolates as W-Beijing isolates. In addition, pyrosequencing found a previously unreported TGC deletion in the Rv0927c gene of W-Beijing isolates. Total concordance was found between the pyrosequencing data and conventional sequencing, as well as reference molecular identification. Multispacer Sequence Typing assigned the W-Beijing isolates to the Asian lineage and the 96 non-W-Beijing isolates to the Euro-American lineage (P -5. The W-Beijing isolates were all susceptible to streptomycin, rifampin, isoniazid, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide; no resistance-associated mutations were detected in these eight W-Beijing isolates. There were no statistically significant differences in the antibiotic susceptibility of W-Beijing and non-W-Beijing isolates (p = 0.2, X2 test. Pyrosequencing correctly identified M. tuberculosis organisms in 26/26 sputum specimens exhibiting acid-fast bacilli. Pyrosequencing results were obtained within four hours, incurring an estimated cost of 1.86 €/test. Conclusion Pyrosequencing of the Rv0927c gene and adjacent intergenic spacer is an efficient, low-cost technique for the rapid identification of W-Beijing isolates.

  13. Beijing Bubble, Beijing Bust: Inequality, Trade, and Capital Inflow into China Beijing Blase, Beijing Krise: Ungleichheit, Handel und Kapitalzufluss nach China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James K. Galbraith

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the relationships between inequality, trade, and capital flows into China since the early 1990s and particularly in the first years of the present decade. We show that the rise in economic inequality in China has more to do directly with the activities associated with China’s financial and building boom, notably in Beijing, than with the massive growth in manufacturing employment and in Chinese exports since China joined the WTO in 2001. Nevertheless, it is likely that a flow of profits from the export boom did feed the speculative fires in the capital and elsewhere, and therefore it should be no surprise that the fall of one should be linked to the fall of the other, in a particularly painful reduction of economic inequality. In diesem Artikel werden die Beziehungen zwischen Ungleichheit, Handel und Kapitalzufluss nach China seit den frühen 1990er Jahren untersucht. Es wird aufgezeigt, dass die steigende wirtschaftliche Ungleichheit in China weit mehr mit Chinas Finanz- und Bauboom insbesondere in Beijing zu tun hat als mit dem großen Anstieg der Beschäftigung in der Produktion und in Chinas Exporten seit dem WTO-Beitritt im Jahr 2001.

  14. SOCIAL POLARIZATION AND SEGREGATION IN BEIJING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The biggest change in Beijing during the last decade has been in its social structure. This transition is changing the existing situation of social "equality", and leads to polarization both in individual communities and in society as a whole. As a result, social variations and conflicting interest are growing, and some new social groups are emerging. In this paper we seek to explore a new urban phenomenon in post-1984 Beijing: social polarization and segregation. At first, we will discuss some elements explaining social polarization. The elements and the processes can be traced back to two main aspects of the economic reforms, namely the internal reforms unleashing a huge rural exodus and the open door policy. Special attention will be paid to the new lower end of the social ladder, which is made up largely by rural migrantsthat make up the so-called floating population.Finally we will explore how these social changes translate into urban segregation, with some consideration for future develop-ments.

  15. 马来西亚广西籍华人社团研究%Research on Guangxi Overseas Chinese Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丙先; 赵松月

    2015-01-01

    As the China's third largest overseas Chinese hometown, Guangxi has more than 700 overseas Chinese abroad. Over the years, Guangxi Overseas Chinese have made great contribution in promoting the Sino-Malaysia relations, maintaining the Chinese culture, and promoting the reunification of the motherland. In it, the Guangxi Overseas Chinese Community plays a crucial role. This paper will make a preliminary research on these Guangxi Overseas Chinese Communities.%广西作为中国的第三大侨乡,在海外拥有华侨华人达700多万。多年来,广西籍华侨华人在联络乡谊,推进中马关系发展,维护和发扬中华文化,促进祖国统一大业的完成等方面做出了巨大贡献,马来西亚的广西籍华侨华人也是如此,特别是其社团功不可没。本文拟对马来西亚广西籍华侨华人社团作一个初步探讨。

  16. Complete Genome Sequence of Feline Calicivirus Strain GX01-2013 Isolated from Household Cats in Guangxi, Southern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ping; Zhou, Huabo; Zhao, Weifeng; He, Jianqiao; Li, Ruikai; Ding, Yangbao; Chen, Quanjiang; Liu, Lin; Wei, Zuzhang; Huang, Weijian

    2016-01-01

    Here, we report the complete genome of a feline calicivirus (FCV) originating from household cats in Guangxi, southern China, in September 2013. To understand its genetic characteristics, we isolated FCV strain GX01-2013 from MDCK cells and determined its complete genome sequence. PMID:27660782

  17. Guangxi Nanguo Copper’s150,000 t/a Copper Smelting Project was Approval by the MEP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>In the middle of August,the environmental impact report for 150,000 t/a copper smelting project of Guangxi Nanguo Copper Industry Co.,Ltd received formal approval from the Ministry of Environmental Protection,signaling that this project’s environmental impact

  18. Complete Genome Sequence of Feline Calicivirus Strain GX01-2013 Isolated from Household Cats in Guangxi, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ping; Zhou, Huabo; Zhao, Weifeng; He, Jianqiao; Li, Ruikai; Ding, Yangbao; Chen, Quanjiang; Liu, Lin; Wei, Zuzhang; Huang, Weijian; Chen, Ying

    2016-01-01

    Here, we report the complete genome of a feline calicivirus (FCV) originating from household cats in Guangxi, southern China, in September 2013. To understand its genetic characteristics, we isolated FCV strain GX01-2013 from MDCK cells and determined its complete genome sequence. PMID:27660782

  19. Current Situations and Problems of Logistics for Guangxi Fresh Agricultural Products in the New Period and Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shixiong; ZHU

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,Guangxi realized consecutive bumper harvests in fresh agricultural products,leading increase of logistics demand;logistics infrastructure begins to take shape,and logistics of fresh agricultural products takes on diversified development form with wholesale market as main form. However,traditional fresh agricultural products are not selling well and it lacks construction of supply chain; the construction of logistics information system for fresh agricultural products lags behind; organizational level of production and operation of fresh agricultural products is low. Through analyzing current situations and existing problems of logistics of Guangxi fresh agricultural products in the new period( 21 st century),this paper came up with recommendations for developing logistics of fresh agricultural products of Guangxi. Government should increase policy and financial support,build and manage supply chain of fresh agricultural products,accelerate construction of logistics information system for agricultural products,and improve organizational level of logistics of fresh agricultural products,to ensure healthy development of logistics of fresh agricultural products in Guangxi.

  20. A Survey Report on Sugarcane Production in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiang; LI; Yangrui; LI; Yuchi; DENG; Lunwang; WANG; Liu; YANG; Weihua; HUANG; Qiang; LIANG; Ronghua; ZHANG; Guoying; LU; Shijian; HAN; Pingwu; LIU; Changning; LI; Cuifang; YANG

    2014-01-01

    In order to fully understand sugarcane production in Guangxi in 2013,the sample survey combined with data collection and field survey was carried out in sugarcane production areas in Nanning,Hechi,Liuzhou,Chongzuo,Baise and Laibin from May 28 to June 36 in2013. It was found that the sugarcane growing area in Guangxi in 2013 declined compared with that in 2012; the rate of emergence remained the same as previous year,and as for the plant number of plant crop and ratoon crop per hectare,there was a decline of 4000 and 2000 seedlings respectively compared with the figure in 2012; borer damage rate declined on the whole while the incidence of sugarcane smut increased.Due to the growth in the cost of planting,the growers were less enthusiastic for management. According to the findings,the fertilization and sugarcane field management should be accelerated; borer prevention work was also required,so as to reduce borer damage and dieback rate;the planting structure of varieties had to be adjusted and the cultivated area of " Guitang" as a fine sugarcane variety should also be enlarged;meanwhile other active measures needed to be taken to prevent and control the outburst of pest attack in local areas.

  1. Socio-economic factors of bacillary dysentery based on spatial correlation analysis in Guangxi Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengjing Nie

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In the past decade, bacillary dysentery was still a big public health problem in China, especially in Guangxi Province, where thousands of severe diarrhea cases occur every year. METHODS: Reported bacillary dysentery cases in Guangxi Province were obtained from local Centers for Diseases Prevention and Control. The 14 socio-economic indexes were selected as potential explanatory variables for the study. The spatial correlation analysis was used to explore the associations between the selected factors and bacillary dysentery incidence at county level, which was based on the software of ArcGIS10.2 and GeoDA 0.9.5i. RESULTS: The proportion of primary industry, the proportion of younger than 5-year-old children in total population, the number of hospitals per thousand persons and the rates of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant positive correlation. But the proportion of secondary industry, per capital GDP, per capital government revenue, rural population proportion, popularization rate of tap water in rural area, access rate to the sanitation toilets in rural, number of beds in hospitals per thousand persons, medical and technical personnel per thousand persons and the rate of bacillary dysentery incidence show statistically significant negative correlation. The socio-economic factors can be divided into four aspects, including economic development, health development, medical development and human own condition. The four aspects were not isolated from each other, but interacted with each other.

  2. Non-Obese Diabetes and Its Associated Factors in an Underdeveloped Area of South China, Guangxi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Zhenzhu; Fang, Zhifeng; Huang, Wei; Liu, Zhanhua; Chen, Yuzhu; Li, Zhongyou; Zhu, Ting; Wang, Qichun; Simpson, Steve; Taylor, Bruce V.; Lin, Rui

    2016-01-01

    Background: Little research has been conducted on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in underdeveloped areas in China, especially stratified into obesity and non-obese diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of non-obese diabetes in an underdeveloped area in South China, Guangxi. Methods: Data derived from the Chinese Health and Nutrition Survey 2010–2012 involved a sample of 3874 adults from Guangxi. Questionnaires and oral glucose-tolerance tests were conducted, and fasting and 2-h glucose levels and serum lipids were measured. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associated factors for non-obese diabetes. Results: 68.2% and 62.2% of instances of newly detected diabetes were those of non-obese diabetes based on BMI (NODB) and based on WC (NODW), respectively. The male sex, an age older than 50 years, lower education, hypertension, and hypertriglyceridemia were significantly associated with a higher risk of both NODB and NODW, while some associated factors for NODB were found different from those associated with NODW, and an interaction effect was found to increase the risk of NODW. Conclusions: Our study indicated that non-obese diabetes was highly prevalent in an underdeveloped area of South China. Non-obese diabetes should be considered for increased public attention in these areas. PMID:27706056

  3. Rocky Land Desertification and its Driving Forces in the Karst Areas of Rural Guangxi, Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    With a subtropical climate, Guangxi Zhuaug Autonomous Region has a typical karst landscape. Rocky desertification has become a serious environmental issue due to its high vulnerability caused by the joint effect of natural settings and human activities, because of which its eco- environment has been deteriorated in recent years, and farmland has been disappearing sharply at the same time. This, in turn, has exacerbated the poverty level in the rural areas of the region. In this study, we monitored the spatial distribution of rocky land desertification and its temporal evolution using Landsat TM/ETM images of 1985, 1995, 2000 and 2005. We also analyzed the driving forces of the desertification and its expansion. Through constructing regression models by using all the relevant variables and considering the lagged effects as well as fixed effects, we quantified the exact role of different factors causing rocky land desertification in the study area with some new findings. The newfindings in this study are greatly helpful for preserving, restoring and reconstructing the degraded mountain environment in Guangxi and other karst areas in Southwest China, and also for alleviating poverty in the rural areas in the future.

  4. Study on security and protection of original ecotourism resources in the mountain areas of western Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Lianglin; Zhou Yongzhang; Chen Zhishen; Ding Jian; Yan Xiaoping

    2008-01-01

    Original ecotourism resources mainly refer to natural and human original ecotourism resources,and it's of fragility,rarity and irreversibility.As a valuable historic heritage and important tourism resources,it plays a significunt role in developing tourism and economy in such areas as the underdeveloped areas,the mountain areas and minority areas.The tourism resources in the western mountain areas of Guangxi owe superiorities and characteristics to their original ecology.Yet,western Guangxi is an ethnic region with fragile karst eco-environment,so it is special to exploit the tourism resources.The paper defines original ecotourism and analyses the specialties and advantages of the original ecotourism resources as well as the frailty of the ecotourism re.sources of the region.The ways of thinking are put forward ]or safe preservation and sustainable development of the original ecotourism resources,i.e carrying out measures for the multi-grade protection of heritage resources,setting up a ethnic eco-museum/ethnicculture eco-park and a gene pool of ethnic cultures,etc.

  5. Variation Characteristics and Mutation Analysis of the Temperature in Fangchenggang of Guangxi in Recent 55 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Wen-long; HUANG; Chun-hua; GUO; Qing-yuan; HU; Jian-ming; CHEN; Shao-he

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]The research aimed to analyze change characteristics and mutation situation of the temperature in Fangchenggang of Guangxi from 1955 to 2009. [Method] Based on actual temperature observation data in Fangchenggang of Guangxi from 1955 to 2009, by using linear trend estimation, Mann-Kendall and cumulative anomaly, change characteristics and mutation situation of the temperature in the city in recent 55 years were analyzed. [Result] Annual average temperature had an obvious rising trend in Fangchenggang in recent 55 years, which was basically consistent with that in whole country. Summer, autumn and winter average temperatures all had obvious warming trends except that the trend in spring. Summer, winter and annual average temperature jumps occurred in the 1980s. Autumn average temperature jump occurred in the end of 1970s while spring average temperature had no jump. The situation in winter was that a transition from low stage to high stage happened in the middle period of 1980s, while transitions of the annual, spring, summer and autumn average temperatures from low stage to high stage happened in the middle and later periods of 1990s. [Conclusion] The research provided decision-making basis for going after advantages and avoiding disadvantages, guiding agricultural production and using climate resource in the zone sufficiently and reasonably.

  6. Phospholipase C in Beijing strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Faramarzi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Phospholipase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis plays an important role in pathogenesis through breaking up phospholipids and production of diacylglycerol. In this study, we examined the Beijing strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from Iranian patients for the genes encoding this enzyme."nMaterials and Methods: DNA extraction was performed using CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide from positive culture specimens in tuberculosis patients. PCR was then used to amplify the plcA, plcB, plcC genes of Beijing strain, and non-Beijing strains were identified by spoligotyping."nResults: Of 200 specimens, 19 (9.5% were Beijing strain and 181 (90.5% were non-Beijing strains. The results of PCR for Beijing strains were as follows: 16 strains (84.2% were positive for plcA, 17 (89.4% were positive for plcB and 17 (89.4% were positive for plcC genes. The standard strain (H37RV was used as control."nConclusion: The majority of Beijing strains have phospholipase C genes which can contribute to their pathogenesis but we need complementary studies to confirm the role of phospholipase C in pathogenecity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

  7. Estimation and prediction of black carbon emissions in Beijing City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Y.; Shao, M. [Peking University, Beijing (China)

    2007-05-15

    Black carbon is a by-product of incomplete combustion of carbon containing fuels. It can alter atmospheric radiation property and make adverse impacts on human health. The energy consumption in Beijing City depends largely on coal burning. Recently, Beijing City has been performing the municipal energy structure adjustment as a tool for air pollution abatement, aiming at the air quality goal for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Based on Beijing energy use data in 2000, combined with emission factors of major sources of black carbon, the emission of black carbon in Beijing City is estimated to be 7.77 Gg. Coke, raw coal and biomass as non-commercial energy are the main contributors to municipal black carbon emissions. Based on Beijing energy planning in the year 2008, the emission of black carbon in 2008 will be 2.97 Gg if the contribution from biomass is not taken into account. Assuming that the black carbon emission from rural biomass in 2008 is the same as that in 2004, the biomass burning will be the largest emitter of black carbon to Beijing City in 2008.

  8. Phospholipase C in Beijing strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirsamadi, ES; Farnia, P; Jahani Sherafat, S; Esfahani, M; Faramarzi, N

    2010-01-01

    Background and Objectives Phospholipase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis plays an important role in pathogenesis through breaking up phospholipids and production of diacylglycerol. In this study, we examined the Beijing strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from Iranian patients for the genes encoding this enzyme. Materials and Methods DNA extraction was performed using CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) from positive culture specimens in tuberculosis patients. PCR was then used to amplify the plcA, plcB, plcC genes of Beijing strain, and non-Beijing strains were identified by spoligotyping. Results Of 200 specimens, 19 (9.5%) were Beijing strain and 181 (90.5%) were non-Beijing strains. The results of PCR for Beijing strains were as follows: 16 strains (84.2%) were positive for plcA, 17 (89.4%) were positive for plcB and 17 (89.4%) were positive for plcC genes. The standard strain (H37RV) was used as control. Conclusion The majority of Beijing strains have phospholipase C genes which can contribute to their pathogenesis but we need complementary studies to confirm the role of phospholipase C in pathogenecity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. PMID:22347572

  9. Estimation and prediction of black carbon emissions in Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yuan; SHAO Min

    2007-01-01

    Black carbon is a by-product of incomplete combustion of carbon containing fuels. It can alter atmospheric radiation property and make adverse impacts on human health. The energy consumption in Beijing City depends largely on coal burning. Recently, Beijing City has been performing the municipal energy structure adjustment as a tool for air pollution abatement, aiming at the air quality goal for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Based on Beijing energy use data in 2000, combined with emission factors of major sources of black carbon, the emission of black carbon in Beijing City is estimated to be 7.77 Gg. Coke, raw coal and biomass as non-commercial energy are the main contributors to municipal black carbon emissions. Based on Beijing energy planning in the year 2008, the emission of black carbon in 2008 will be 2.97 Gg if the contribution from biomass is not taken into account. Assuming that the black carbon emission from rural biomass in 2008 is the same as that in 2004, the biomass burning will be the largest emitter of black carbon to Beijing City in 2008.

  10. 广西私人银行发展策略研究%Research on Private Banking Development Strategy in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵汝林

    2012-01-01

    近年来,发展私人银行已经成为银行战略转型的重要途径和新的利润增长点。随着广西经济的高速增长以及居民财富的快速积累,广西私人银行的发展也开始进入一个新的阶段,对实现广西银行业可持续发展具有重要意义。由此,本文通过构建SWOT分析模型,多角度分析广西发展私人银行的市场状况与优劣条件,并在借鉴国内外发展私人银行主要经验的基础上,进一步提出广西私人银行发展路径。%In recent years, the development of private banking has become an important way to bank strategic transformation and a new profit growth point. With the Guangxi' s rapid economic growth, and the rapid accumulation of household wealth, the development of private banking in Guangxi begins to enter a new stage, which is of great significance for the sustainable development of the Guangxi banking. Thus, by building a SWOT analysis model, this arti- cle analyzes the market conditions and the pros and cons of conditions of private banking in Guangxi from multiple perspectives, and proposes the development path for private banking in Guangxi on the basis of the main experience of the private banking development at home and abroad.

  11. Genetic variation in parthenogenetic Artemia from the Shandong Peninsula, P.R.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Charles E.; Zhao, Yuqi; Liu, Xin; Li, Mingren

    1988-06-01

    Results are presented of a survey of isozyme frequencies in parthenogenetic Artimia from six salterns in the Shandong Peninsula, P.R.C. Three of the eleven enzymes we scored using polyacryamide gel electrophoresis proved to be useful for analysis of electromorph frequency variation. These enzymes are tetrazolium oxidase (TO), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). Each of these systems showed extensive isozyme variation both within and between salterns. In addition, we have examined the possibility that electromorph frequencies may vary as the result of natural selection for adaptation to specific salinity, or salinity-associated environmental conditions. An indication of clinal variation was found in two series of ponds differing in salinity, however more extensive data are needed before it is possible to conclude that these patterns are the result of natural selection. Finally, the use of isozyme analyses such as ours, for unraveling taxonomic problems in Artemia is discussed.

  12. Study on Dynamic Mechanism of Urban Expansion:A Case Study of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiaoqing; Ren Jianlan

    2007-01-01

    This paper aims at studying the dynamic mechanism of urban expansion and its role.Based on the economic model of urban spatial structure and applying panel data in Shandong Province,the paper concludes.Economic growth and transition of economic structure have played the most powerful role in urban expansion.An increase in population helps the core to extend.Increasing agricultural productivity can provide a countervailing force.An increase in transportation costs will limit urban expansion.An increase in the marginal productivity of land in housing production will increase urban expansion.Fiscal and taxation policies also have encouraged the extensive shift of cultivated land into build-up area.This paper also suggests that if high rate increasing GDP is needed,the urban core will continue to expand.The government should take measures to improve the rapid growth of the city.

  13. Geoscience information integration and visualization research of Shandong Province, China based on ArcGIS engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Mingzhu; Gao, Zhiqiang; Ning, Jicai

    2014-10-01

    To improve the access efficiency of geoscience data, efficient data model and storage solutions should be used. Geoscience data is usually classified by format or coordinate system in existing storage solutions. When data is large, it is not conducive to search the geographic features. In this study, a geographical information integration system of Shandong province, China was developed based on the technology of ArcGIS Engine, .NET, and SQL Server. It uses Geodatabase spatial data model and ArcSDE to organize and store spatial and attribute data and establishes geoscience database of Shangdong. Seven function modules were designed: map browse, database and subject management, layer control, map query, spatial analysis and map symbolization. The system's characteristics of can be browsed and managed by geoscience subjects make the system convenient for geographic researchers and decision-making departments to use the data.

  14. Integrated Assessment of Mineral Resources and Environment in Mid-South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    On the bases of the field survey and a large number of testing data, we process the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the mine environment in the mid-south of Shandong Province using the following grade- I factors:the surface subsidence in mining area, the three wastes of mine industries, the pollution sources, the surface water pollution, the underground water pollution and the air pollution. By means of emitting factor judgment and water quality indexes, we locate pollution sources, main pollutants, pollution type and pollution grade in the study area. Using the MAPGIS, we draw a zonality map of the mine environment. This paper attempts to offer a concrete example, including valuable assessment method, data and conclusion, for the assessment of mine environment from the integrated assessment of mineral resources and mine environment.This research is oriented towards the sustainable development and the ecological environment optimization.

  15. Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing isolates from the Mediterranean area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samper S

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Beijing lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is causing concern due to its global distribution and its involvement in severe outbreaks. Studies focused on this lineage are mainly restricted to geographical settings where its prevalence is high, whereas those in other areas are scarce. In this study, we analyze Beijing isolates in the Mediterranean area, where this lineage is not prevalent and is mainly associated with immigrant cases. Results Only 1% (N = 26 of the isolates from two population-based studies in Spain corresponded to Beijing strains, most of which were pan-susceptible and from Peruvian and Ecuadorian patients. Restriction fragment length polymorphism typing with the insertion sequence IS6110 identified three small clusters (2-3 cases. Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat typing (MIRU-15 offered low discriminatory power, requiring the introduction of five additional loci. A selection of the Beijing isolates identified in the Spanish sample, together with a sample of Beijing strains from Italy, to broaden the analysis context in the Mediterranean area, were assayed in an infection model with THP-1 cells. A wide range of intracellular growth rates was observed with only two isolates showing an increased intracellular replication, in both cases associated with contained production of TNF-α. No correlation was observed between virulence and the Beijing phylogenetic group, clustered/orphan status, or resistance. The Beijing strain responsible for extensive spread on Gran Canaria Island was also identified in Madrid, but did not lead to secondary cases and did not show high infectivity in the infection model. Conclusions The Beijing lineage in our area is a non-homogeneous family, with only certain highly virulent representatives. The specific characterization of Beijing isolates in different settings could help us to accurately identify the virulent representatives before

  16. “新文化”漫卷齐鲁%"New Culture" Spreads Over Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马霖霖

    2012-01-01

    21世纪的今天,文化产业早已从一个泛泛的概念跃升为第三产业大军的主导经济体。齐鲁大地是孔孟之乡,素来拥有丰富的文化资源。面对如何把文化资源转化为物质财富、引导百姓过上幸福的文化生活,山东付出了巨大努力。近10年来,在文化业如火如荼的形势下,山东为文化产业的发展竭力搭建更为便捷广阔的平台、建立富有创意的文化产业园、扶持具有长远发展力的文艺团体……一批富有创意的“新文化”在山东飞速成长,引导“文化大省”向“文化强省”有力迈进。%At the performances of excerpts of operas launched by the excellent young Peking opera actorsending in June this year, the 28 actors sent by Shandong Peking Opera Troupe won 10 gold prizes, 10 silver prizes and eight bronze prizes. A group of quality operas have pushed the Peking operas of Shandong Province to a new height.

  17. Molecular epidemiology of human enterovirus associated with aseptic meningitis in Shandong Province, China, 2006-2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zexin Tao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Human enteroviruses (HEVs are common causes of acute meningitis. However, there is limited information about HEV associated with aseptic meningitis in mainland China because it has not been classified as a notifiable disease. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the HEVs associated with sporadic aseptic meningitis in China and to analyze their genetic features. STUDY DESIGN: Cerebrospinal fluid, throat swab and feces specimens were collected from patients with aseptic meningitis in 5 sentinel hospitals in Shandong Province, China between 2006 and 2012. Virological investigation (viral isolation and molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis were performed. RESULTS: A total of 437 hospitalized patients were reported, and enteroviruses were detected in the specimens from 84 patients (19.2% and were identified into 17 serotypes. The nine main serotypes were echovirus (E 30 (27.4%, EV71 (13.1%, coxsackievirus (CV B1 (9.5%, CVB3 (7.1%, CVB5 (7.1%, E6 (7.1%, E9 (7.1%, CVA9 (6.0%, and CVA10 (3.6%. Monthly distribution of isolated enteroviruses revealed a major peak in summer-fall season and a small second peak in winter constituted totally by EV71. Sequence analysis on VP1 coding region suggested Shandong strains had great genetic divergence with isolates from other countries. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple serotypes were responsible for enterovirus meningitis in mainland China. Aseptic meningitis caused by EV71 and coxsackie A viruses-the predominant pathogens for the hand, foot, and mouth disease-is currently an important concern in mainland China.

  18. Evolution, Migration, Controlling Factors and Forming Setting of Mesozoic Basins in Western Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhongyi; WU Ganguo; GUO Jinghui; ZHANG Da

    2005-01-01

    The distinctive topography in western Shandong province consists of several NW-WNW-trending mountain ranges and intervening basins.Basins,in which late-stage sediments to the south have progressively overlapped the earlier sediments and "basement" rocks of the hanging-wall block,are bounded by S-SW-dipping normal faults to the north.Basin analysis reveals the Jurassic-Cretaceous sedimentary rocks accumulated both within the area of crustal extension and during extensional deformation; they contain a record of a sequence of tectonic events during stretching and can be divided into four tectonic-sequence episodes.These basins were initially developed as early as ca.200 Ma in the northern part of the study area,extending dominantly N-S from the Early Jurassic until the Late Cretaceous.Although with a brief hiatus due to changes in stress field,to keep uniform N-S extensional polarity in such a long time as 130 Ma requires a relatively stable tectonic controlling factor responsible for the NW- and E-W-extensional basins.The formation of the extensional basins is partly concurrent with regional magmatism,but preceded magmatism by 40 Ma.This precludes a genetic link between local magmatism and extension during the Mesozoic.Based on integrated studies of basins and deformation,we consider that the gravitational collapse of the early overthickened continental crust may be the main tectonic driver for the Mesozoic extensional basins.From the Early Jurassic,dramatic reduction in north-south horizontal compressive stress made the western Shandong deformation belt switch from a state of failure under shortening to one dominated by extension and the belt gravitationally collapsed and horizontally spread to the south until equilibrium was established; synchronously,the normal faults and basins were developed based on the model of simple-shear extensional deformation.This may be relative to the gravitational collapse of the Mesozoic plateau in eastern China.

  19. Spatiotemporal Characterization of Ambient PM2.5 Concentrations in Shandong Province (China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yong; Christakos, George

    2015-11-17

    China experiences severe particulate matter (PM) pollution problems closely linked to its rapid economic growth. Advancing the understanding and characterization of spatiotemporal air pollution distribution is an area where improved quantitative methods are of great benefit to risk assessment and environmental policy. This work uses the Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) method to assess the space-time variability of PM2.5 concentrations and predict their distribution in the Shandong province, China. Daily PM2.5 concentrations obtained at air quality monitoring sites during 2014 were used. On the basis of the space-time PM2.5 distributions generated by BME, we performed three kinds of querying analysis to reveal the main distribution features. The results showed that the entire region of interest is seriously polluted (BME maps identified heavy pollution clusters during 2014). Quantitative characterization of pollution severity included both pollution level and duration. The number of days during which regional PM2.5 exceeded 75, 115, 150, and 250 μg m(-3) varied: 43-253, 13-128, 4-66, and 0-15 days, respectively. The PM2.5 pattern exhibited an increasing trend from east to west, with the western part of Shandong being a heavily polluted area (PM2.5 exceeded 150 μg m(-3) during long time periods). Pollution was much more serious during winter than during other seasons. Site indicators of PM2.5 pollution intensity and space-time variation were used to assess regional uncertainties and risks with their interpretation depending on the pollutant threshold. The observed PM2.5 concentrations exceeding a specified threshold increased almost linearly with increasing threshold value, whereas the relative probability of excess pollution decreased sharply with increasing threshold. PMID:26501430

  20. Where Is Your Expo, Beijing, Shanghai or Guangzhou?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CCPIT

    2010-01-01

    Aggregation analysis of exhibitions held in Beijing,Shanghai and Guangzhou Based on the statistics of exhibitions held in the major ven-ues of the three cities, a total of 837 exhibitions were staged in 2009 in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, with a decrease of 29 compared to that in 2008. As shown in the Figure, the most exhibitions have been organized in Shanghai, with a total of 369, accounting for 44% of all exhibitions; followed by Beijing,where 253 exhibitions have taken place, accounting for 30%;and the least is Guangzhou, where 215 exhibitions have been held, accounting for the remaining 26%.

  1. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons residues in sandstorm depositions in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, S; Li, K; Xia, X J; Xu, X B

    2009-02-01

    This study was conducted to determine the concentration of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sandstorm depositions in Beijing, China. The PAH concentrations in 13 samples collected in Beijing ranged from 0.18 to 3.52 microg g(-1). Analysis of the sources of contamination revealed that the PAHs were derived from a coal combustion source, although various effects of traffic emissions were also observed. Furthermore, the PAH levels in Beijing tended to be higher in the southeast. Finally, the nemerow composite index revealed that the degree of pollution in the sandstorm depositions varied widely among sampling sites. PMID:18773130

  2. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons residues in sandstorm depositions in Beijing, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu, S.; Li, K.; Xia, X.J.; Xu, X.B. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

    2009-02-15

    This study was conducted to determine the concentration of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sandstorm depositions in Beijing, China. The PAH concentrations in 13 samples collected in Beijing ranged from 0.18 to 3.52 {mu} g g{sup -1}. Analysis of the sources of contamination revealed that the PAHs were derived from a coal combustion source, although various effects of traffic emissions were also observed. Furthermore, the PAH levels in Beijing tended to be higher in the southeast. Finally, the Nemerow composite index revealed that the degree of pollution in the sandstorm depositions varied widely among sampling sites.

  3. 山东半岛的蓝色风潮%The Blue Economy Is Rising in Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, it can be asserted that those who hold the ocean will also hold the future. Accordingly the blue economy that originated from the ocean economy has brought about both opportunities and challenges for Shandong. The blue tides are now surging forward in the Shandong Peninsula. From Rizhao to Weifang, from Weifang to Binzhou and Dongying, then from Yantai to Weihai, and finally from Weihai to Qingdao, the blue economy is extending across the entire Shandong Peninsula. Since the blue economy originated from the blue ocean, the 3,000 kilometers of coastline of Shandong Province link the seven coastal cities of Shandong, which constitute the center of the blue economic center in the Shandong Peninsula.%21世纪是海洋的世纪,地球表面71%的广袤海洋是维护全球的生态系统,也是实现可持续发展的重要支撑,更是人类拓展生存空间,获取发展资源的重要领域,是链接全球贸易和国际交往的交通要道,可以说,今天谁拥有了海洋谁就拥有了未来。而由海洋经济发展而来的蓝色经济给山东带来了机遇和挑战,在整个山东半岛掀起了一股势不可挡的蓝色浪潮。从日照至潍坊。从潍坊至滨州、东营,然后从烟台到威海,再从威海到青岛。所经之城。所跨之地广而大。然而一路走来,最直观的感受就是“大”——这个“大”就是蓝色经济所跨区域之大。

  4. Putting some ’Zing’ into Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bill Symington

    2004-01-01

    <正>It’s one o’clock on a clear night, one of those rare occasions in Beijing when the weather is neither too hot nor too cold. I decide to get some exercise and walk home after a nice relaxing dinner with friends. As I’m strolling past the south gate of Ritan Park, I notice the lights are still on at a place I haven’t seen before. ’Zing’ it reads. I try the door, thinking that one more for the road won’t hurt. Cautiously making my way past a row of tables flanking a row of gargoyles to my right, I am greeted by a charming

  5. Three Industries and water consumption of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    Beijing has been experiencing a severe shortage ofwater. At present serious wastes of water resources result fromthe unreasonable structure of water uses in various industriessectors. The current conditions of the municipal water usestructure and its changes in the industrial sectors were analysedand discussed in terms of the indicators, such as direct water-usecoefficient, complete water-use coefficient, water-use multiplierand water-reuse rate, by taking a year of 1990s as the base year.Some response strategies for water conservation have been studiedand the corresponding recommendations were put forward. All ofthese have provided a basis for coordinating the relationshipbetween aquatic environment and economic growth in this city,establishing a system for rational utilization of water resources,and promoting the implementation of a strategy for sustainable development.

  6. Figure of Beijing ABP Showing up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Last year, there were many good news from Beijing Advanced Business Park(ABP): on October 29, 2005, Xu Weiping, Chairman of the Board of ABP, was chosen as the"2005 Ten Major Chinese Administrative Person in News";On November 8,2005,CCIM (American Certified Commercial Investment Member) invited 40 world famous real estate investors to visit ABS and they showed will to cooperate; On November 22, 2005, Johnson Controls, Inc., one of World Top 500, signed the contract with Zhongguan Village Fengtai Garden that the headquarter of JCI energy administration China Branch will move to ABP to improve the energy administration and radiate all the nation; on December 10,2005, "CEO Salon" co-organized by Phoenix Satellite Television and ABP, was held in the meeting room of ABP, over 120CEOs met here to discuss the trend of China economic development and the development opportunities brought by 11th Five-Year Plan for enterprises.

  7. Beijing:The Long Joruney to 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TOMFARNDON

    2002-01-01

    WE are a New Zealand family that has traveled across the Pacific Ocean to Hubei Province in the very heart of China. Our desire is to encourage and assist young students in Zhongxiang city. In doing our best to help China, we have also gained from it invaluable experience that we will always treasure. We now feel ourselves to be true friends of this wonderful nation. It is in this spirit that I offer the following suggestions.My students are keenly awaiting Beijing 2008, the Chinese dream. There are great expectations of China, from its own people and leaders as well as from the rest of the world, that it make the most of this opportunity.

  8. Uniting Cultures With the Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ghaffar; Pourazar

    2002-01-01

    A non-Chinese actor plays the Monkey King and dreams of bringing traditional productions together on stage.Ghaffar Pourazar is an Azary Iranian British national. At the age of 13, his parents sent him to Cambridge, England for his education. He graduated from college with a degree in computer systems, and then earned a master’s degree in computer animation. He started working in character animation in London, but his hobbies included dance, mime and theater. After years of training, Ghaffar is now a director and performer playing the Monkey King and other warrior roles with the Beijing Opera. He shares with us his journey in becoming the only foreigner to hold such positions with this traditional Chinese theater. Through his experiences, we learn how he created a unique bridge between his Western education and his desire to learn the ancient arts of the Chinese. His story begins when he lived in London.

  9. Identification of Chinese populations of Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) by analyzing ribosomal ITS1 sequence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Spreading of Bemisia tabaci B biotype has had a large impact on the production of vegetables, ornamental and fiber crops in many countries of the world since the 1990s. This study analyzes the ribosomal ITS1 sequence (~520 bp) to distinguish genetic difference of B. tabaci from representative different geographical populations in China. Phylogenetic analysis shows that populations of B.tabaci from Beijing and Shandong Province are of biotype B, and populations of B.tabaci from sweet potato in Fujian Province and pumpkin in Guangxi, China, belong to two different non-B biotypes and have a geographical origin of Asia.

  10. Pakistan-China Business Seminar Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On April 18, Pakistan-China Business Seminar was held in Beijing. Over 60 Chinese entrepreneurs attended the seminar, as well as Pakistani trade delegation members, who had earlier accompanied Pakistani Premier Shaukat Aziz in their visit to China.

  11. Int'l meeting on statistical climatology convenes in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Sponsored by the CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP), the 10th International Meeting on Statistical Climatology, (10IMSC) was held from 20 to 24 August in Beijing, bringing together nearly 120 participants from about 30 countries and regions.

  12. Beijing New Era Architectural Design Co.,Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Beijing New Era Architectural Design Co.,Ltd., an A-Class design enterprise approved by the Ministry of Construction, provides services of industrial and civil architectural design, interior decoration, consultation for real estate development,

  13. Scientists to tackle birth defects, disabilities in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Beijing will host the Second International Conference on Birth Defects and Disabilities in the Developing World from September 11 to 14, with estimated 1,200 participants from dozens of countries, an official with the organizing committee said here Thursday.

  14. CHANGXINDIAN OIL STORAGE TO BE LARGEST ONE IN BEIJING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On August 11, the revision and expansion engineering of Changxindian Oil Storage, run by Sinopec Beijing Oil Company, kicked off formally, marking that another Olympic infrastructure engineering started building.

  15. Tolerance and Harmony: Chinese Culture and 2008 Olympics Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiJianping

    2004-01-01

    "People's Olympics", one of the slogans of 2008 Olympics Beijing, represents the core of Chinese culture -tolerance and harmony. In fact, the Olympics spirit"sports means peace" accords to values of Chinese nation.

  16. Asia's First Bat Research Center Established in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In cooperation with a local government, the CAS Institute of Zoology (IOZ) has established Asia's first bat research and protection center in Fangshan, a southwest suburb of Beijing. Its opening ceremony was held on November 16, 2004.

  17. Sino-German winter school on innovation convenes in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Jointly organized by the CAS Institute of Policy and Management (IPM) and the Fraunhofer Institute for System and Innovation Research (ISI), a winter school on innovation policy and sustainable development was held from 15 to 19 December, 2008, in Beijing.

  18. Exploration of diffusion kernel density estimation in agricultural drought risk analysis: a case study in Shandong, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, W.; Shao, Z.; Tiong, L. K.

    2015-11-01

    Drought caused the most widespread damage in China, making up over 50 % of the total affected area nationwide in recent decades. In the paper, a Standardized Precipitation Index-based (SPI-based) drought risk study is conducted using historical rainfall data of 19 weather stations in Shandong province, China. Kernel density based method is adopted to carry out the risk analysis. Comparison between the bivariate Gaussian kernel density estimation (GKDE) and diffusion kernel density estimation (DKDE) are carried out to analyze the effect of drought intensity and drought duration. The results show that DKDE is relatively more accurate without boundary-leakage. Combined with the GIS technique, the drought risk is presented which reveals the spatial and temporal variation of agricultural droughts for corn in Shandong. The estimation provides a different way to study the occurrence frequency and severity of drought risk from multiple perspectives.

  19. Pedodiversity:A Case Study Based on 1:1 Million Scale SOTER of Shandong Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN MANZHI; ZHANG XUELEI; CHEN JIE; YAN WUJIU; YANG YUJIAN

    2003-01-01

    The diversity of soils derived from different parent materials and developed on different terrains inShandong Province, China, was analyzed with the theory of pedodiversity using a 1:1000000 scale soilsand terrain digital database (SOTER) of Shandong Province in a geographical information system (GIS)environment. Diversity index of soils derived from different parent materials followed the sequence of igneousrock > sedimentary rock > metamorphic rock > unconsolidated material. Diversity index of soils developedon different terrains followed the sequence of plain > medium-gradient mountain > medium-gradient hill> valley floor > medium-gradient escarpment zone > depression > high-gradient mountain. Abundancedistributions of these soil groups matched the logarithmic normal distributions.

  20. Exploration of diffusion kernel density estimation in agricultural drought risk analysis: a case study in Shandong, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Chen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Drought caused the most widespread damage in China, making up over 50 % of the total affected area nationwide in recent decades. In the paper, a Standardized Precipitation Index-based (SPI-based drought risk study is conducted using historical rainfall data of 19 weather stations in Shandong province, China. Kernel density based method is adopted to carry out the risk analysis. Comparison between the bivariate Gaussian kernel density estimation (GKDE and diffusion kernel density estimation (DKDE are carried out to analyze the effect of drought intensity and drought duration. The results show that DKDE is relatively more accurate without boundary-leakage. Combined with the GIS technique, the drought risk is presented which reveals the spatial and temporal variation of agricultural droughts for corn in Shandong. The estimation provides a different way to study the occurrence frequency and severity of drought risk from multiple perspectives.

  1. Analysis on Structure of Flower Market in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi; SUN; Yingying; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    with the socio-economic development and people’s living condition improvement,the requirement for environment is higher and higher and the mental demand is also more and more.For this,Beijing Municipal Bureau of Landscape and Forestry listed survey programs of consumption demands of flower market in Beijing in 2014,and provided several recommendations in line with current situations,problems and environment of the flower industry,for future reference of flower decision making of Beijing.In March 2014,the authors carried out survey in flower market of Beijing and participated in survey of management of flower industry.In May of the same year,combining this study,they visited ten districts(counties),including Dongcheng,Xicheng,Chaoyang,Fengtai,Shijingshan,and Daxing,together with relevant flower researchers,and carried out in-depth survey in several districts(counties)with better foundation of flower industry.Besides,with reference to China Flower&Gardening; News and China Flowers&Horticulture;,and relevant literature,it summarized and sorted out many years of various materials and statistical data of flower industry in Beijing.On the basis of surveying different flower markets and production areas and analyzing relevant data,the authors visited famous flower enterprises and large flower production and sales households in Beijing,elaborated current situations of Beijing flower industry in industrial foundation,development environment,industrial distribution,product type,and circulation field,and pointed out major problems in product type,market structure,production cost,service system,and logistics channels.Finally,it came up with practical and feasible solutions,hoping to provide certain reference for excellent development of flower industry in Beijing.

  2. Beijing Uses More Clean Energy for Less Pollution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Top natural gas consumer among Chinese cities Beijing ranks first among China's cities for urban gas consumption. The municipality's annual gas consumption was only 135 million cubic meters before natural gas was transmitted from Shaanxi Province to Beijing in 1996. By the time of 2001,the annual gas consumption jumped significantly to 1.4 billion cubic meters, 10 times as high as the figure five years ago.

  3. Effectiveness of Rapid Rail Transit System in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Hui-Min; Ning, Yi-Zi; Ma, Xiaoke; Zhang, Zhong-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    The effectiveness of rapid rail transit system is analyzed using tools of complex network for the first time. We evaluated the effectiveness of the system in Beijing quantitatively from different perspectives, including descriptive statistics analysis, bridging property, centrality property, ability of connecting different part of the system and ability of disease spreading. The results showed that the public transport of Beijing does benefit from the rapid rail transit lines, but there is st...

  4. Ten Highlights of the Fifth Beijing International Music Festival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Beijing International Music Festival has been successfully held for four times and gained considerable reputation at home and abroad. On October 11, this annual art event was launched again in Beijing, but with notable changes. It is no longer a gathering of master artists playing classic works. Instead, in light of international practice, the festival begins to highlight new productions and trends and put more emphasis on diversification and localization

  5. The Development of World Data Center for Seismology, Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Li; Zou Liye; Liu Ruifeng; Huang Zhibin

    2009-01-01

    World Data Center (WDC) for Seismology, Beijing has developed for 20 years in China until this year. The sustained and stable data sharing service system has already taken shape. This article gives an overview of the construction and development of WDC for Seismology, Beijing. It outlines the history, facilities and technical specifications of the center. It also illustrates the data service, the website, and gives a brief description of the perspective.

  6. Legal-Ease Beijing & Northeast China Investment Facts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHRIS; DEVONSHIRE-ELLIS

    2006-01-01

    Beijing and northeast China are fast becoming areas of growing interest to international investors. Here we highlight some aspects of major cities including the capital itself and other regional centers, and consider the options for setting up business in this area. While east and south China have developed primarily as export-based manufacturing centers, Beijing and northeast China represent two quite different aspects of China's macro economy. The capital is of course China's brain, with the greatest

  7. Happy Valley Beijing Invites You to Dynamic Carnival

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Happy Valley Beijing will hold its Third International Fashion Culture Festival from April4to June 1.Happy Valley Beijing is an amusement park east of the capital city.It is composed of six theme parks,including Firth Forest,Atlantis,Aegean Sea,Lost Maya,Shangri-La and Ant Kingdom.More than 50 scenic sights of culture and ecology are scattered in all

  8. Exploration of diffusion kernel density estimation in agricultural drought risk analysis: a case study in Shandong, China

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, W.; Shao, Z; L. K. Tiong

    2015-01-01

    Drought caused the most widespread damage in China, making up over 50 % of the total affected area nationwide in recent decades. In the paper, a Standardized Precipitation Index-based (SPI-based) drought risk study is conducted using historical rainfall data of 19 weather stations in Shandong province, China. Kernel density based method is adopted to carry out the risk analysis. Comparison between the bivariate Gaussian kernel density estimation (GKDE) and d...

  9. Tobacco smoking among doctors in mainland China: a study from Shandong province and review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Smith Derek R; Zhao Isabella; Wang Lina

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Tobacco control represents a key area in which doctors can make a significant positive impact on their patients’ lives. Despite this fact, however, doctors in certain regions of China are known to smoke tobacco at rates similar to or even exceeding those seen within the general population. Objective This study sought to investigate the smoking habits of doctors at a teaching hospital in Shandong province, as well as providing a brief review of smoking research that has bee...

  10. Impacts of Grain-for-Green and Grain-for-Blue Policies on Valued Ecosystem Services in Shandong Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Wei Song; Xiangzheng Deng; Bing Liu; Zhaohua Li; Gui Jin

    2015-01-01

    China launched a series of ecological restoration policies to mitigate its severe environmental challenges in the late 1990s. From the beginning, the effects and influences of the ecological restoration policies have been hotly debated. In the present study, we assessed the effects of two vital ecological restoration policies (Grain-for-Green and Grain-for-Blue) on valued ecosystem services in Shandong province. A new method based on the net primary productivity and soil erosion was developed...

  11. Biological control of aphids in wheat and vegetable crops : a multi-approach case study in Shandong province (China)

    OpenAIRE

    Chevalier Mendes Lopes, Thomas; Bosquée, Emilie; Chen, Julian; Yong, Liu; Bragard, Claude; Francis, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    This multi-approach study was conducted in the Shandong province (China) to assess the effectiveness of different biological control methods against aphids in wheat and vegetable crops. Three approaches were tested: (1) wheat/oilseed rape and wheat/pea associations, (2) potatoes/peas association, and (3) E-β-farnesene (aphid alarm pheromone) releasers in squashes under plastic tunnels. Aphids and aphidophagous beneficials were monitored by observations on plants. Wheat associations and E-β-fa...

  12. Current status and prediction of major atmospheric emissions from coal-fired power plants in Shandong Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Tianqi; Jiang, Wei; Gao, Weidong

    2016-01-01

    Shandong is considered to be the top provincial emitter of air pollutants in China due to its large consumption of coal in the power sector and its dense distribution of coal-fired plants. To explore the atmospheric emissions of the coal-fired power sector in Shandong, an updated emission inventory of coal-fired power plants for the year 2012 in Shandong was developed. The inventory is based on the following parameters: coal quality, unit capacity and unit starting year, plant location, boiler type and control technologies. The total SO2, NOx, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and mercury (Hg) emissions are estimated at 705.93 kt, 754.30 kt, 63.99 kt and 10.19 kt, respectively. Larger units have cleaner emissions than smaller ones. The coal-fired units (≥300 MW) are estimated to account for 35.87% of SO2, 43.24% of NOx, 47.74% of PM2.5 and 49.83% of Hg emissions, which is attributed primarily to the improved penetration of desulfurization, LNBs, denitration and dust-removing devices in larger units. The major regional contributors are southwestern cities, such as Jining, Liaocheng, Zibo and Linyi, and eastern cities, such as Yantai and Qindao. Under the high-efficiency control technology (HECT) scenario analysis, emission reductions of approximately 58.61% SO2, 80.63% NOx, 34.20% PM2.5 and 50.08% Hg could be achieved by 2030 compared with a 2012 baseline. This inventory demonstrates why it is important for policymakers and researchers to assess control measure effectiveness and to supply necessary input for regional policymaking and the management of the coal-fired power sector in Shandong.

  13. Tracking the Moisture Sources of an Extreme Precipitation Event in Shandong, China in July 2007:A Computational Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弛; 李琦

    2014-01-01

    This paper utilizes a modified Water Accounting Model (WAM) to track the moisture sources of an extreme precipitation event in Shandong during 18-20 July 2007. It is found that different methods in dealing with the residual of the water budget always produce different results in moisture recycling calculations. In addition, results from the backward tracking without the residual are in complete agreement with those from the forward tracking with the residual, and vice versa, implying a mathematical consistency. We thus analyze and derive the conditions under which the two tracking approaches equate with each other. We applied the backward tracking to the Shandong extreme rainfall case and obtained quantitative estimates of moisture contributions of three selected regions away from the rainfall area. The results indicate that the spatial pattern rather than numerical value of the recycling moisture is more reliable in tracking the moisture sources. The moisture of this Shandong rainfall event comes mostly from the nearby upwind area in Southwest China, which is of the terrestrial origin; while the moisture originating from the neighboring West Pacific contributes little to this event.

  14. Characteristics of mantle branch structure in western Shandong and its roles in minerogenesis and ore-controlling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Aiqun; HU Huabin; NIU Shuyin; MAO Jingwen; WANG Debao; LI Yingping; WANG Laiming

    2006-01-01

    This work deals with the characteristics of mantle branch structure in western Shandong Province, China, with respect to the distribution characteristics and ages of the regional strata, the development of ring-like and radial faults, the development of gently inclined detachment-slip structures in the axial part, mantle-source magmatic activities, regional petrology, petrochemistry and isotope geology. The study indicated that the N-W sharply plunged ductile shear zone in the region of western Shandong cuts through the mantle rocks detached from the deep-seated North China mantle sub-plume, hence leading to unloading in response to depressurization and thereafter the formation of anatexis magma. The intense and complete magmatic evolution series not only manifests a variation trend of alkalinity of magma from high to low and its intrusive depth from deep to shallow, but also reflects that the wall-rock alteration shows a general evolution trend from strong to weak. The evolution of mantle structure played an important role in controlling endo-mineralogenesis, accompanied with the rise of the country rocks. As a result, typical mantle branch structures were formed as observed in western Shandong. At the top of the mantle branch structure was developed an obvious detachment-tilt fault block, and some endogenic ores, at the same time, were uplifted onto the shallow levels.

  15. Income Gap Between Urban and Rural Residents in Guangxi on the Impact of Agricultural Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The gap between urban and rural incomes in Guangxi is increasing year by year in a rising tendency,which resulted in agricultural development impact cannot be ignored.Such impact on agricultural development was analyzed from three aspects:agricultural development fund,farmland and food problems and labor force flow.The following problems were found:capitals flew to non-agricultural industry,which resulted in deficiency of agricultural development fund;farmland reduced and the problem of food supply was highlighted;labor force in rural areas emigrated,the price of agricultural products rose up.Related policies were offered:to strengthen the financial support;to speed up utilization of abundant labor force;to motivate farmers’ enthusiasm in food production;to increase investment in farmers’ endowment insurance and retirement pension in rural areas.

  16. Prevalence of Balantidium coli Infection in Bred Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca mulatta in Guangxi, southern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Long Li

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Balantidium coli infects humans, primates and pigs, causing serious diarrhea and dysentery. Little information on the prevalence of B. coli in primates is available in China. This investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence of B. coli infection in bred rhesus monkeys in Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region (GZNAR, southern China.A total of 120 fecal samples were collected from rhesus monkeys bred in cages in GZNAR and B. coli cysts and/or trophozoites were examined microscopically after sedimentation with water in May 2013.(64.2% samples were tested positive. The prevalence was 65% (39/60 and 63.3% (38/60 in female and male monkeys, respectively. 80% (48/60 cages in this nonhuman primate center were positive for B. coli.The present survey revealed high circulation of B. coli in bred rhesus monkeys in GZNAR, which poses potential threats to animal and human health.

  17. Geochemistry of Upper Devonian Hydrothermal Mammilated Chert Guangxi,Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈先沛; 陈多福

    1990-01-01

    The mammilated chert(MC) studied in this paper is a kind of silica-rich concretion(SiO2 93%) occurring in the Upper Devonian argillaceous silicolites(SiO2≈88%)in Mugui,Guangxi.Impurity components in the MC are relatively low and show systematic variationhs as compared with the country rocks.Abundances of Mg,Si,Ti,Fe,Mn,U and Th are characteristically similar to those of recent and fossil hot-water sediments,Moreover,the MC is also characterized by low REE baundance,LREE>HREE,apparent negative Ce anomaly and moderate positive Eu anomaly,OXygen isotope data show that the formation temperature of the MC is about 20℃,higher than that of the host rock.The results of geochemical,geological and lithological studies suggest that the MC may have been formed through metasomatism,fillinn and crystallization beneath the sedimentary basin during the Devonian period.

  18. Evaluation on Heavy Metal Pollution of Soil in Pollution-free Agricultural Product Bases in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Minjun; DENG; Yan; LUO

    2014-01-01

    Using data of 6 pollution-free agricultural product bases in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,this paper analyzed content of heavy metals,including arsenic(As),mercury(Hg),lead(Pb),cadmium(Cd),and chromium(Cr) in soil.After Pb,Cd,Cr,Hg and As content in soil is determined,it evaluated the pollution of soil using single factor pollution index method and Nemerow synthetic pollution index method in combination with evaluation standard of heavy metals in soil and grading standard for soil pollution.Analysis results indicate that As,Hg,Pb,Cd,Cr content is different in pollution-free agricultural product bases,but all conform to related standards and there is no standard exceeding problem.It is concluded that the quality of soil in pollution-free agricultural product bases is excellent,not polluted and completely meet requirements of evaluation standards,and suitable for developing pollution-free agricultural products.

  19. 2006 Beijing International Symposium of Diagnosis Theory and New Technical Development of Cerebral Palsy is Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WFAS secretariat

    2006-01-01

    @@ "2006 Beijing International Symposim of Diagnosis Theory and New Technical Development of Cerebral Palsy", sponsored by World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS), undertaken by Sino-JapanFriendship Hospital under Ministry of Health, assisted by Expert Committee of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Newsroom of China Neurosurgery magazine, and Xi'an Encephalopathy Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is held on Oct. 28,2006, in Beijing.

  20. Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis among asymptomatic HIV+ patients in Guangxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yao; ZHANG Fu-jie; YU Lan; TANG Zhi-rong; HUANG Shao-biao; ZHENG Yuan-jia; MENG Zhi-hao; SUN Kai; WANG Li-ming; Ray Y.CHEN

    2010-01-01

    Background Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among asymptomatic Chinese patients with HIV infection has not been investigated despite high tuberculosis burden in China. This study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of PTB among asymptomatic patients with HIV/AIDS in Guangxi to facilitate the development of diagnostic and treatment strategies.Methods All asymptomatic adult HIV-infected patients with CD4 <350 cells/μl who attended four HIV clinics in Guangxi between August 2006 and March 2008 were evaluated for active PTB with physical examination, chest X-ray (CXR),sputum smear and/or sputum liquid culture. Data were described using median (interquartile range, IQR) and frequencies.Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with PTB.Results Among 340 asymptomatic subjects, 15 (4%) were diagnosed with PTB, with 4 (27%) sputum smear positive and 8 (53%) sputum culture positive. CXR has higher diagnostic sensitivity (87%) than sputum smear (25%) and sputum culture (67%), but lower specificity (56%) compared with sputum smear (99%) and culture (100%). In univariate analysis,injection drug user, body mass index (BMI) <18 kg/m2, CD4 <50 cells/μl and presence of peripheral lymphadenopathy were associated with an increased risk of asymptomatic PTB, while in multivariate analysis only peripheral lymphadenopathy maintained statistical significance (OR=7.6, 95% CI 1.4-40). Patients with negative smear and minor or no abnormalities on CXR had longer interval between screening and TB treatment.Conclusions PTB was relatively common in this group of HIV+ asymptomatic Chinese patients. Diagnosis is challenging especially where sputum culture is unavailable. These findings suggest that an enhanced evaluation for PTB needs to be integrated with HIV care in China and transmission prevention in China to control at both households and health care facilities, especially for patients

  1. Genesis and Geological and Geochemical Characteristics of Qixia Gold Deposit,Shandong,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐红

    1998-01-01

    The Qixia gold deposit is one of the important quartz vein-type deposits hosted in metamorphic rocks in the east of Shandong,China.Compositionally the wolframite which is associated with gold mineralization in the deposit is rich in iron,but poor in manganese,showing that this mineral crystallized from hydrothermal soluton at low temperature,The temperatures at the main metallogenic stage of the Qixia gold deposit are within the range of 160-270℃.The gaseous phases in fluid inclusions are dominated by H2O and CO2,while Na+ Ca2+ and Cl- are the major species in the fluid phase with K+ and F- present in relatively small amounts.The salinities of fluids are 4.2wt%-8.0wt%,NaCl equiv.Meanwhile,the fluid is characterized by either Ca2+>Na+>K+(in five samples)or Na+>Ca2+>K+(in two samples),quite similar to the composition of ore-forming fluid derved from meteoric water Primary data on the hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions of the ore-forming fluid fall within a wide range:δDH2O=-56‰-95‰,and δ18OH2O=-36‰-4.5‰ relative to SMOW.These isotopic values fully reflect the distribution features of meteoric water which has exchanged with the metamorphic rocks of the Jiaodong Group at Different temperatures and W/R ratios ,and the metallogenic process is characterized by low W/R ratios .The Rb-Sr isochorn age of the Qixia gold deposit is 125.8±1.7Ma,with(87Sr/86Sr),being 0.7168,and the time interval between the gold deposit and its country rocks(granite or metamoprhic rocks) is very large.The formation of the Qiaxia gold deposit is directly related to the evolution of geological history in eastern Shandong,and a genetic model in which the deep convective circulating meteoric water reacts with the country rocks can be used to explain the metallogenic mechanism of the deposit.

  2. Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, Lynn; Hasanbeigi, Ali; Lu, Hongyou; Wang, Lan

    2009-10-01

    China's cement industry, which produced 1,388 million metric tons (Mt) of cement in 2008, accounts for almost half of the world's total cement production. Nearly 40% of China's cement production is from relatively obsolete vertical shaft kiln (VSK) cement plants, with the remainder from more modern rotary kiln cement plants, including plants equipped with new suspension pre-heater and pre-calciner (NSP) kilns. Shandong Province is the largest cement-producing Province in China, producing 10% of China's total cement output in 2008. This report documents an analysis of the potential to improve the energy efficiency of NSP kiln cement plants in Shandong Province. Sixteen NSP kiln cement plants were surveyed regarding their cement production, energy consumption, and current adoption of 34 energy-efficient technologies and measures. Plant energy use was compared to both domestic (Chinese) and international best practice using the Benchmarking and Energy Saving Tool for Cement (BEST-Cement). This benchmarking exercise indicated an average technical potential primary energy savings of 12% would be possible if the surveyed plants operated at domestic best practice levels in terms of energy use per ton of cement produced. Average technical potential primary energy savings of 23% would be realized if the plants operated at international best practice levels. Energy conservation supply curves for both fuel and electricity savings were then constructed for the 16 surveyed plants. Using the bottom-up electricity conservation supply curve model, the cost-effective electricity efficiency potential for the studied cement plants in 2008 is estimated to be 373 gigawatt hours (GWh), which accounts for 16% of total electricity use in the 16 surveyed cement plants in 2008. Total technical electricity-saving potential is 915 GWh, which accounts for 40% of total electricity use in the studied plants in 2008. The fuel conservation supply curve model shows the total

  3. Tobacco Agricultural Development in Information Asymmetry——A Case Study of Baise City of Guangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We adopt sampling method combined with questionnaire to research tobacco agricultural development in Baise City of Guangxi Province. Survey results show that there are problems of inadequate propaganda; guidance and training effort; unreasonable rotation system; backward tobacco baking technologies; low specialized service level; constant increase of costs for means of production and labor employment; low information management level; and frequent occurrence of production accidents. Therefore, it is required to strengthen propaganda and training; enhance technical support; scientifically develop tobacco farmers’cooperative organizations; improve service quality; save labor and reduce cost; improve information management level; reduce institutional operation cost; reinforce guidance of safe production, to promote healthy and orderly development of tobacco agriculture in Guangxi and even in the whole country in the environment of information asymmetry.

  4. Description of two new species of the leafhopper subgenus Pediopsoides (Pediopsoides (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Macropsinae from Guangxi Province, Southern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Li

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of the Macropsinae leafhopper subgenus Pediopsoides (Pediopsoides Matsumura, 1912, P. (P. damingshanensis Li, Dai & Li, sp. n. and P. (P. tishetshkini Li, Dai & Li sp. n., are described and illustrated from Guangxi Province of southern China. A key to males is provided to distinguish the species of the subgenus along with a map showing the distribution of the new species.

  5. [Observations and comparison analysis of air pollution in Beijing and nearly surrounding areas during Beijing 2008 Olympic Games].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Zhi-Qiang; Ji, Dong-Sheng; Song, Tao; Lin, Hong; Wang, Yue-Si; Jiang, Chang-Sheng

    2010-12-01

    In order to study regional air quality, evaluate the interaction of air quality among Beijing and four cities and assess the effects of regional collaborative emission abatement in Beijing and surrounding areas for the Olympic Games period on regional air quality, and seek an effective means of early warning of air pollution, a monitoring network on observation of atmospheric pollutants in Beijing and four nearby cities which were Zhuozhou, Langfang, Xianghe and Yanjiao, was established to measure concentrations of NO(x), O3 and particulate matter in June 2008. The results show that the primary pollutants in Beijing and nearly surrounding areas are particulates during the study periods. The average mass concentrations of PM10 were (114 +/- 66) microg/m3 and (128 +/- 59) microg/m3 in Beijing and nearby cities, respectively, while the average mass concentrations of PM2.5 were (77 +/- 47) microg/m3 and (81 +/- 51) microg/m3, respectively. The average maximum hourly mass concentrations of O3 were (164 +/- 52) microg/m3 and (165 +/- 55) microg/m3, as well as the average mass concentrations of NO(x) were (58 +/- 23) microg/m3 and (25 +/- 14) microg/m3 in Beijing and nearby cities, respectively. Compared to June, concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, O3, NO(x) decreased by 69%, 62%, 18% and 41% during the Olympic period (from August 8 to 24) and 56%, 49%, 17% and 16% during the Paralympic Games period (from September 6 to 17) in Beijing. The mass concentration of PM2.5 was affected by the surrounding areas of Beijing seriously. The relative high concentrations of NO(x) in Beijing implied NO(x) had the potential tendency to be transported to the surrounding areas. Ozone showed regional pollution characteristics in summer. It shows that the monitoring network on observation of atmospheric pollutants in Beijing and nearly surrounding areas is significant in early warning of air pollution, and could provide scientific support for interregional cooperation of air pollution control.

  6. Energy, Environment, Economic Life Cycle Assessment of Cassava-based Ethanol Used as Automotive Fuel in Guangxi Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhi-yuan; ZHANG Cheng; PU Geng-qiang; WANG Cheng-tao

    2005-01-01

    A life-cycle assessment (LCA) was carried out to compare the energy, environmental and economic impacts of converting cassava to fuel ethanol in Guangxi Province, China. The entire life cycle is a system that includes stages from cassava farming to ethanol fuel combustion. A computer-based model was developed to assess energy, environmental, and economic (EEE) life cycle implication of cassava-based ethanol fuel. The LCA results for fuel ethanol were compared to conventional gasoline (CG) as a base-line case. On the life-cycle bases, the use of cassava-based ethanol fuel in Guangxi may consume more energy but reduce greenhouse gas, VOC, and CO emissions. Life cycle cost results indicate that although fuel ethanol currently is not competitive compared to conventional gasoline, it has great potentials when there are subsidies and/or yields of cassava planting are improved. In terms of balancing the energy, environmental and economical, the introduction form of cassavabased ethanol fuel would be E10. The assessment results generated from this study provide an important reference for Guangxi policy makers to better understand the trade-offs among energy, environmental effects, and economics for the most effective using of regional energy resources.

  7. Incidence and Interrelated Factors in Patients With Congenital Hypothyroidism as Detected by Newborn Screening in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Fan MD

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. A newborn screening program (NSP for congenital hypothyroidism (CH was carried out in Guangxi in order to understand the incidence of CH and the factors interrelated to major types of CH in this region of China. Methods. During 2009 to 2013, data from 930 612 newborns attending NSP in Guangxi were collected. Patients were classified with either permanent CH (PCH or transient CH (TCH after 2 years of progressive study. Results. A total of 1210 patients were confirmed with CH with an incidence of 1/769, including 68 PCH and 126 TCH cases with incidences of 1/6673 and 1/3385, respectively. The frequency of thyroid stimulating hormone values greater than 5 mIU/L was 7.2%, which, based on WHO guidelines, suggests that the population was mildly iodine deficient. Conclusions. The incidence of CH was high in Guangxi. Approximately two thirds of CH patients were TCH, which may be due to a deficiency in iodine within the population.

  8. Water Quality Management of Beijing in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    At present, Beijing's water resources are insufficient and will become the limiting factor for sustainable development for the city in the near future. Although efforts have been made to control pollution, water quality degradation has occurred in some of the important surface water supplies, aggravating the water resource shortage. At present, approximately three quarters of the city's wastewater is discharged untreated into the urban river system, resulting in serious pollution and negatively influencing the urban landscape and quality of daily life. To counteract these measures, the city has implemented a comprehensive "Water Quality Management Plan" for the region, encompassing water pollution control, prevention of water body degradation, and improved water quality.The construction of municipal wastewater treatment plants is recognised as fundamental to controlling water pollution, and full secondary treatment is planned to be in place by the year 2015. Significant work is also required to expand the service area of the municipal sewage system and to upgrade and renovate the older sewer systems. The limitation on available water resources has also seen the emphasis shift to low water using industries and improved water conservation. Whilst industrial output has increased steadily over the past 10-15 years at around 10% per annum, industrial water usage has remained relatively constant. Part of the city's water quality management plan has been to introduce a strict discharge permit system, encouraging many industries to install on-site treatment facilities.

  9. Beijing moves to curb population growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pao, T K

    Education and incentives are being used to encourage a "one-child for one-family" campaign in Beijing. The goal is to reduce its population growth rate to 5%/1000 by 1985. Parents who have only child will receive a certificate entitling the only child to preferential treatment for nursery or kindergarten and medical care. 1-child families will receive an annual bonus of 60 yuan. Those who have more than 2 children will be taxed a minimum of 10% of salaries. Single, childless people will receive their full salaries as pensions on retirement. All urban families will receive the same housing space no matter what size the family. The same will be true for the size of small plots of land parcelled out for private use in the rural suburban area. Sterilization operations are available for those who wish them. Parents with 1 child who have such operations can have their tubes rejoined free of charge if their child is disabled or dies. The average growth rate for China projected for 1978-1000 is 1.2%.

  10. Study and analysis of the state of rare disease research in Shandong Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Heng; Cui, Yazhou; Zhou, Xiaoyan; Pang, Jingxiang; Zhang, Xiumei; Xu, Shuangqing; Han, Jinxiang

    2012-11-01

    As the world's most populous country, China has the world's largest number of rare disease groups in terms of prevalence. However, the country has no system of registering cases of most rare diseases, so there is very little documented information on the epidemiology of those diseases. The purpose of this study was to study the state of rare disease research and survey doctors in Shandong Province regarding their level of awareness of rare diseases. Types of rare diseases and numbers of cases were tallied and their geographical distribution over the decades was analyzed. Eight hundred and twenty-four doctors in tertiary hospitals and maternity and child care hospitals were surveyed by questionnaire. Data were descriptively analyzed and a map of disease distribution was created. Articles about rare diseases were retrieved from the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database to provide pertinent data. This study yielded 5,749 cases of 323 different types of rare diseases. The survey found that doctors lack awareness of research on rare diseases. An authoritative and information-rich platform for rare disease research is urgently needed. Key steps are to study epidemiological and statistical techniques and then obtain available data to provide a basis for the definition and regulation of rare diseases in China.

  11. Farmers’ State of Mind and the Policy Thinking for the Cotton Production in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruobing; HAN; Lin; ZHOU; Jilian; HU

    2013-01-01

    Affected by the meteorological disasters and market fluctuations,the growing area,yield and quality of cotton in Shandong Province have been reduced to varying degrees in recent years.The majority of farmers are regarded as the main body of agricultural production,whose enthusiasm for growing cotton and confidence in the cotton market play a significant role in stabilizing the growing area and improving the quality of cotton.We randomly select the cotton farmers for in-depth interview,to understand the situation of cotton cultivation and their state of mind for growing,aimed at deriving the factors influencing farmers’willingness to grow cotton.In the future,it is necessary to make the best use of the advantages and bypass the disadvantages,and in a timely manner curb the decline of cotton cultivation in the process of guiding and encouraging the cotton cultivation,in order to solve the problems of low farmers’willingness to grow cotton and sluggish cotton industry from the root.

  12. Dietary sodium intake: knowledge, attitudes and practices in Shandong Province, China, 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zhang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP for dietary sodium intake among adult residents of Shandong Province, China. METHODS: In 2011, we conducted a cross sectional survey among a representative sample of 15,350 adults aged 18 to 69 years using a standardized questionnaire to assess their KAP for sodium. Variation in the KAPs by gender, and residence location were compared using the Chi-square tests. Predictors for the 'intention to' and 'currently taking action to' reduce sodium intake were determined by multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for confounding factors. RESULTS: KAPs for dietary sodium intake among urban residents was generally more favorable than among rural residents. Women were likely to have more favorable KAPs than men. About four fifth of subjects reported that they favored a low sodium diets. However, 31% reported that consumption of less sodium results in less physical strength. Overall, 70% indicated their intention to reduce sodium intake, although only 39 % reported that they had taken action to reduce sodium. Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that favorable actions to dietary sodium reduction were more likely to occur among those who were aware of the link between sodium and hypertension, and less likely among those who had unfavorable attitudes towards dietary sodium reduction. CONCLUSION: Increasing knowledge levels about the benefits of sodium reduction will be a key success factor for effective sodium reduction initiatives and is linked to favorable behavioral change. Emphasis should be placed on the rural area.

  13. Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of the Early Permian Upper No. 3 Coal from Southwestern Shandong, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xibo Wang

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Upper No. 3 coal of the Early Permian age is a major workable seam in the southwestern Shandong coalfield, which is located in the eastern part of North China. From Early Jurassic to Neogene, the coalfield was subjected to intensive tectonic processes, leading to a significant rearrangement in depth of coal seams. In this paper, three Upper No. 3 coals occurring at −228, −670 and −938 m in the Luxi, Liangbaosi, and Tangkou mines, respectively, were collected to investigate their mineralogical and geochemical characteristics, with emphasis on modes of occurrence and origin of epigenetic minerals. The three coal seams are similar in vitrinite reflectance, volatile matter yield, and maceral components, suggesting insignificant influence from the tectonic activities on coal rank. Terrigenous minerals (e.g., kaolinite and quartz are comparable in both types and distribution patterns in the three coals. The presence of siderite and pyrite of syngenetic or penecontemporaneous origin indicate they were emplaced during peat accumulation. The distribution of epigenetic minerals (e.g., calcite, ankerite, and dolomite are associated with the underground water activities, which were Ca (Mg, Fe-bearing.

  14. 山东苔藓植物新记录%New records of Shandong bryophytes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林; 任昭杰; 黄正莉; 郭萌萌; 赵遵田

    2013-01-01

    We identify more than 3000 specimens of bryophytes from Shandong province. We discover 1 new family, 10 new genera and 70 new species of bryophytes. The newly reported family is Trachypodaceae. The newly reported genera are Asterella, Kiaeria, Chenia, Epipterygium, Plagiobryum, etc. The newly reported species are Riccardia latifrons, Scapania massalongoi, Calypogeia tosana, Campylopus japonicus, C. schimperi, etc.%通过整理、鉴定采自于山东各山区的3 000余份苔藓植物标本,发现山东新记录科1个,为扭叶藓科(rrachypodaceae);山东新记录属10个,分别为花萼苔属(Asterella),凯氏藓属(Kiaeria),陈氏藓属(Chenia),小叶藓属(Epipterygium),平蒴藓属(Plagiobryum)等;山东新记录种70个,分别为宽片叶苔(Riccardia latifrons),腐木合叶苔(Scapania massalongoi),双齿护蒴苔(Calypogeia tosana),日本曲柄藓(Campylopus japonicus),辛氏曲柄藓(Campylopus schimperi)等.

  15. Utilizing Landsat TM Imagery to Map Greenhouses in Qingzhou, Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Geng-Xing; LI Jing; LI Tao; YUE Yu-De; T. WARNER

    2004-01-01

    To build a rapid and accurate method for greenhouse vegetable land information extraction using an index model derived from TM digital data of Qingzhou City, Shandong Province, based on a systematic analysis of the spectral characteristics of different land use types in the study area, a subset of the image was first made to eliminate the mountainous region not associated with vegetable distribution, and then water body pixels were masked. With this the V1 index model for greenhouse vegetable land extraction was developed. The index model indicated greenhouse vegetable land for Qingzhou in April 2002 was concentrated in the southeast and around rural residential areas. Field data used for an accuracy evaluation showed that greenhouse hectares determined with remote sensing were 95.9% accurate, and accuracy for the spatial distribution of greenhouse vegetable land cross checked with a random sample was 96.3%. Therefore, this approach provided an effective method for greenhouse vegetable land information extraction and has potential significance for management of greenhouse vegetable production in the study area, as well as North China.

  16. Glass melt inclusion in clinopyroxene from Linqu Cenozoic basalt, Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hongfu; Eizo Nakamura; ZHANG Jin; Ishikawa Akira

    2006-01-01

    Cenozoic basalts from the Linqu County, Shandong Province, China entrain some clinopyroxene crystals, of which many contain abundant glass melt inclusions. These melt inclusions are extremely irregular in shape with most grain sizes in a range of 10-50 μm and coexist with low-Mg# olivines, labradorites and Ca-rich potassium feldspars. In-situ major and trace element analyses show that the glass melt inclusions are high in alkalis (Na2O+K2O > 10 wt%), SiO2 (>54 wt%), CaO and FeO (>4 wt%), but low in MgO (Mg# < 20), and have LREE enrichments ((Ce/Yb)cn = 11.6-16.4) and apparently positive Eu anomalies (Eu/Eu*>2), thus having phonolitic compositions. The compositional features of clinopyroxene crystals, glass melt inclusions and their coexistent minerals suggest that these melt inclusions were exotic melts in clinopyroxenes trapped prior to their entrainment in the host basalt. The discovery of these melt inclusions provides a new approach to further investigating the evolution of Meso- zoic lithospheric mantle beneath the southeastern North China Craton.

  17. Source identification of aluminum in surface sediments of the Yellow Sea off the Shandong Peninsula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Gang; LIU Jian; PEI Shaofeng; KONG Xianghuai; HU Gang; GAO Maosheng

    2015-01-01

    Surface sediment samples in the near shore area of the north Shandong Peninsula are collected for grain size and element analyses. The results indicate that the surface sediments in the study area are primarily composed of the silt-sized components similar to the Huanghe River. The total concentration of aluminum varies from 5.57% to 7.37% (average (6.33 ± 0.40)%), and its spatial distribution is mainly controlled by the grain size. Correlations between the ratio of aluminum to titanium concentration and aluminum concentration, titanium concentration and the mean grain size indicate that aluminum in the near shore surface sediments is affected majorly by the terrigenous source, and partially by the anthropogenic source. The ratios of aluminum to titanium concentrations are larger than the background value of loess matter at some stations due to the existence of excess aluminum associated with human activities. Thus, the sources of aluminum should be identified firstly when aluminum is used as an index of terrigenous matter even in the near shore area dominated by terrigenous deposits.

  18. [Concentration and speciation of arsenic in greenhouse vegetable soil in Shouguang County of Shandong Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Liu-Jie; Zeng, Xi-Bai; Bai, Ling-Yu; Li, Lian-Fang

    2011-01-01

    A sampling survey was conducted in the typical areas in Shouguang County of Shandong Province to study the characteristics of arsenic (As) concentration and speciation in greenhouse vegetable soil. The total As concentration in the surface (0-20 cm) and subsurface (20-40 cm) soil was averagely 8.27 and 7.93 mg x kg(-1), being 19% and 23% higher than that of the control (open field soil), and the soluble As (AE-As) concentration was 0.13 and 0.06 mg x kg(-1), 63% and 200% higher than that of the control, respectively. The ratio of residual As (O-As) to total arsenic reached more than 63.0%, and the concentrations of different As speciation decreased in the order of O-As > iron-bound As (Fe-As) > calcium bound As (Ca-As) > aluminum bound As (AlAs) > AE-As. With the increasing planting years, the AE-As concentration enhanced significantly, and the Al-As concentration also increased to some degree. After 15 years planting, the AE-As concentration in surface and subsurface soil increased by 75.0% and 150.0%, and Al-As concentration increased by 51.6% and 190.4%, respectively, while the concentrations of Fe-As and Ca-As all decreased to some degree.

  19. DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF A RAINSTORM IN SHANDONG PENINSULA INFLUENCED BY A DISTANT TROPICAL DEPRESSION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Shu-lian; ZHOU Shu-ling; LI Hong-jing

    2008-01-01

    Based on the observational data as well as data of satellite, NCEP reanalysis and moist potential vortex, the heavy rainfall event that occurred away from the outer cycle of tropical depression Kaemi (No.0605) on July 27, 2006 in Shandong Peninsula has been analyzed. The results show that there are three severe convective cloud clusters during the heavy rainfall. The uprightness of coupling pattern between upper-layer jet and low jet and a divergence area, which appeared in the right of upper-layer jet, provided favorable environmental conditions for convective cloud clusters. The strong convective weather happens over the prefrontal warm sector and the storm rainfall mainly distributes in the front of a high-energy area.Positive vorticity distribution and transportation of warm advection in low levels provide dynamic and thermal conditions for the rainstorm. The spatial-temporal evolvements of physical variable fields and MPV2 as the horizontal component of moist potential vorticity show that the rain intensity change is determined by upper and low level jets and the area of MPV2>0 occurs at the front of the low jet cores.

  20. SHRIMP Age of Exotic Zircons in the Mengyin Kimberlite, Shandong, and Their Formation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Due to various courses of formation of zircons from kimberlites, different kinds of zircons can provide useful information about the mantle and the crystallization of kimberlites. We chose 9 typical ones out of 33 zircons from the Shengli-1 kimberlite pipe in Mengyin County, Shandong Province to study their ages and formation by means of SHRIMP,CL, Raman spectroscopy, etc. The result shows that the 207pb/206Pb ages of many zircons vary from 2567±13 Ma to 2636±42 Ma, which are close to the age of Archaean granitoid (2457.3±47 Ma) in the study area. The contents of U and Th in the samples are higher than those of zircons crystallized in kimberlite and vary from 89 to 398 ppm as well as from 10 to 283 ppm. Color zones are obvious in these samples under the CL. The inclusions are composed of feldspar, quartz, apatite,etc. The above results show that the zircon samples came from the crust of the earth, which means that the kimberlite magmas are contaminated by crustal substances. The position where a great deal of volatile escapes and even explodes during rapid rise of magmas is located at the boundary of the ancient basement and the Precambrian stratum.

  1. Isolation and genetic characterization of a tembusu virus strain isolated from mosquitoes in Shandong, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Y; Diao, Y; Chen, H; Ou, Q; Liu, X; Gao, X; Yu, C; Wang, L

    2015-04-01

    Tembusu virus (TMUV) is a flavivirus, presumed to be a mosquito-borne flavivirus of the Ntaya virus subgroup. To date, however, there have been no reports indicating that mosquitoes are involved in the spread of TMUV. In this study, we report the first isolation of TMUV from Culex mosquitoes. We describe the isolation and characterization of a field strain of TMUV from mosquitoes collected in Shandong Province, China. The virus isolate, named TMUV-SDMS, grows well in mosquito cell line C6/36, in Vero and duck embryo fibroblast (DEF) cell lines, and causes significant cytopathic effects in these cell cultures. The TMUV-SDMS genome is a single-stranded RNA, 10 989 nt in length, consisting of a single open reading frame encoding a polyprotein of 3410 amino acids, with 5' and 3' untranslated regions of 142 and 617 nt, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the E and NS5 genes revealed that the TMUV-SDMS is closely related to the TMUV YY5 and BYD strains which cause severe egg-drop in ducks. The 3'NTR of TMUV-SDMS contains two pairs of tandem repeat CS and one non-duplicate CS, which have sequence similarities to the same repeats in the YY5 and BYD strains. Our findings indicate that mosquitoes carrying the TMUV may play an important role in the spread of this virus and in disease outbreak. PMID:23711093

  2. Reconstruction of cropland cover changes in the Shandong Province over the past 300 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Yu; Wei, Xueqiong; Li, Fan; Fang, Xiuqi

    2015-09-01

    To advance global change rssearch, it is essential to reconstruct changes in historical cropland coverage on a regional scale in China. This paper presents data collected from 244 local gazetteers, government statistical records and remote-sensing land cover data from the Shandong Province. The study reconstructed the spatial distribution of the rate of reclaimed land at the county level and compared this map with a map of the current spatial distribution of suitable cropland. The following conclusions were drawn: (i) The rate of cultivated land grew exponentially. The extent of reconstruction in cropland areas during the 17th century, 18th~19th centuries, the beginning of the 20th century, the 1980 s, and the beginning of the 20th century are 4.51 mha, 6.51 mha, 7.52 mha, 8.53 mha and 11.80-12.00 mha, respectively. (ii) Several agricultural centers formed during the late 17th century. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the reclamation rate increased rapidly near the four southern lakes, which are located in the Zaozhuang and Linyi regions. (iii) Most reclamation activities before the 19th century occurred in suitable agricultural areas, and the cultivated land was already reclaimed by the beginning of the 20th century.

  3. 山东省城镇居民消费结构分析%Analysis on Shandong Urban Residents' Consumption Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司凤娟

    2013-01-01

    近年来,山东省城镇居民整体消费水平逐渐提高,但消费结构仍存在不合理现象。选用9年山东省城镇居民消费结构数据,对山东省城镇居民消费结构进行主成分分析。从总体上掌握山东省消费结构变动的规律和特点,为山东省制定消费政策提供建议。%In recent years,urban residents of Shandong province have gradually enhanced their overall consumption levels, but the consumption structure still has unreasonable phenomenon. By choosing nine years of consumption structure data of Shandong province urban residents,the principal component analysis is carried out on the urban residents' consumption structure of Shandong province. The rules and characteristics of the consumption structure change of Shandong province are overall grasped;it can provide suggestions for the development of the consumption policies of Shandong province.

  4. Life Insurance Makes Great Contributions to the Country-- An exclusive interview with AIA Beijing General Manager

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2005-01-01

    @@ "It is my belief that life insurance industry makes great contributions to a country. I have come to Beijing to fight for this belief instead of making a lot of money" said Mr. Simpson Hsu, General Manager of AIA Beijing.

  5. LG Beijing Tower:International Elegance and Cutting-Edge Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAITLINTHOMPSON

    2004-01-01

    Jianguomenwai, Beijing's Fifth Avenue, is located in the heart of the modern business environment that is attracting international business in droves. Come next August, LG will add its distinctive touch to the Chaoyang Business District - the LG Beijing Tower.

  6. Polychlorinated biphenyl residues in sandstorm depositions in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Shan; Yang, Zhong-Zhi; Li, Ke; Xu, Xiao-Bai

    2008-10-01

    Sandstorms, which distribute many particles, are a special atmospheric occurrence and are frequent in northern China. We conducted this study to determine, for the first time, the concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in sandstorm depositions. We collected 13 samples from urban areas of Beijing, and we measured a total of 144 PCB congeners. Thirteen samples all contained PCB residues. The total PCB concentration ranged from 1.6 to 15.6ngg(-1) (median, 4.8ngg(-1), dry weight), with trichlorinated biphenyls as the predominant homologue (>50.4%). Furthermore, we observed increasing PCB contamination from northwest to east Beijing. We later explored possible factors affecting contamination of the sandstorm depositions, which revealed a significant correlation between SigmaPCBs and the minimum particle size of the sandstorm deposition samples. Principal-component analysis revealed that the major source of PCBs in Beijing may be potentially associated with the number-one commercial PCB through the long-range transmission. In previous results, PCBs were not a severe component of contamination in sandstorm depositions of Beijing. However, this study suggested that sandstorm deposition may be a potential source of exposure to PCBs for the residents of Beijing, China. PMID:18674798

  7. BUDEM: An urban growth simulation model using CA for Beijing metropolitan area

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Ying; Shen, Zhenjiang; Du, Liqun; Mao, Qizhi; Gao, Zhanping

    2008-01-01

    It is in great need of identifying the future urban form of Beijing, which faces challenges of rapid growth in urban development projects implemented in Beijing. We develop Beijing Urban Developing Model (BUDEM in short) to support urban planning and corresponding policies evaluation. BUDEM is the spatio-temporal dynamic model for simulating urban growth in Beijing metropolitan area, using cellular automata (CA) and Multi-agent system (MAS) approaches. In this phase, the computer simulation u...

  8. 《广西出版史料》--区域性出版史料经眼录(九)%Guangxi Province Publication Chronicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范军; 宋泉

    2016-01-01

    三十多年来,广西的出版史料搜集、整理、出版和研究取得了显著成就。以《广西出版史志资料》为代表的史料编辑成果,收集了从雕版印刷时期到20世纪90年代末广西的出版史料,时间跨度大、史料翔实,展现了广西出版的历史与成就,为综合性的大型区域出版史的编写与当今的出版实践提供了重要的资源。%Over the past thirty years, the colection, colation, publication and research of Guangxi publication archives has made remarkable achievements. As the iconic work of Guangxi publishing history materials, Guangxi Publication Archives colected the publishing historical data of Guangxi from the age of block printing til 1990s, with long time span and rich history materials. The Archives revealed the history and achievement of the publishing industry in Guangxi, and offered important resources for both the composing of comprehensive regional publishing history and the current publication practice.

  9. STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE DECADAL VARIATIONS OF ANNUALLY FIRST RAINY SEASON PRECIPITATION OF GUANGXI AND SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE OF INDIAN OCEAN IN SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KUANG Xue-yuan; HUANG Mei-li; LIN Zhen-min; HUANG Xue-song

    2008-01-01

    Decadal circulation differences between more and less rainfall periods in the annually first rainy season of Guangxi and their association with sea surface temperature (SST) of the austral Indian Ocean are investigated by using the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. The results are shown as follows. A pattern in which there is uniform change of the Guangxi precipitation shows a 20-year decadal oscillation and a 3oyear interannual change. In contrast, a pattern of reversed-phase change between the north and the south of Guangxi has a 6-year interannual periodicity and quasi-biennial oscillation. In the period of more precipitation, the surface temperature in Eurasia is positively anomalous so as to lead to stronger tow pressure systems on land and larger thermal contrast between land and ocean. Therefore, the air column is more unstable and ascending flows over Guangxi are intensified while the Hadley cell is weakened. Furthermore, the weaker western Pacific subtropical high and South Asia High, together with a stronger cross-equatorial flow, result in the transportation of more humidity and the appearance of more precipitation. The correlation analysis indicates that the Indian Ocean SST in Southern Hemisphere is closely associated with the variation of the seasonal precipitation of Guangxi on the decadal scale by influencing the Asian monsoon through the cross-equatorial flow.

  10. Effects of the Beijing Subway Accident on Engineering Monitoring and Auditing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Beijing Subway Line 10 Accident On March 28, 2007, six people were buried by a cave-in at Suzhoujie Station on Line 10 of the Beijing Subway. The fatalities were caused when the unit in charge of construction failed to implement a timely evacuation after a construction accident took place. (See Beijing Youth, April 1, 2007)

  11. Bank of China Becomes Banking Partner of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Beijing Olympic Committee announced recently that Bank of China become a partner of 2008 Olympic Games. Bank of China will provide abundant fund, banking financial products and related services for Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, and Paralympic Games, Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee and China Olympic Committee and China Sports team to participate in 2006 Winter Olympic Games and 2008 Olympic Games.

  12. The 9th Beijing Chitec,Platform for International High & New Technology Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The 9th China Beijing International High-tech Expo The 9th Chitec, Co-organized by The Ministry of Science and Technology, The Ministry of Commerce, The Ministry of Education, The Ministry of Information Industry, China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, State Intellectual Property office and Beijing Government, was held in Beijing from May 22 to May 27.

  13. Men’s Suits Retail Sales Worth CNY33.04 million of Beijing in Dec.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Beijing Dec. - Sales value of men’s suits in Beijing 22 mid-to-high range department stores was CNY33.0436 million,according to Beijing Commercial Information Consultation Center. e data was 7.46% lower than last month and higher 4.84% than the corresponding period last year.

  14. The assessment on impact of essential drugs policy on primary health care system in rural areas of Shandong Province policy and regulation division of the Health Department of Shandong Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhuge; Shu, Defeng; Xia, Mei; Gao, Dehai; Lu, Dan; Huang, Ning; Tian, Xiaoqing; An, Limei; Li, Shixue; Li, Sheng

    2015-01-01

    At present, China has achieved an initial establishment and gradual implementation of a framework for national essential drugs policy. With the further implementation of the national essential drugs policy, it is not clear how the policy works, whether it achieves the original intention of essential drugs policy, and what impact essential drugs policy exerts on the primary health care system. In view of it, we conducted a field research on sample areas of Shandong Province to understand the conditions of the implementation of the essential drugs policy in Shandong Province. From three perspectives of medical institutions, patients and medical staff, this thesis analyzes the impact of essential drugs policy on village-level and township-level health service system, summarizes the effectiveness of implementing essential drugs policy, discovers the problems of various aspects and conducts an in-depth analysis of the causes, and puts forward feasible suggestions to provide reference for improving the essential drugs policy. The assessment results show that the implementation of essential drugs policy in Shandong Province has played a positive role in promoting the sound development of the primary health care system, changed the situation of covering hospital expenses with medicine revenue in the past, contributed to the return of medical institutions to public welfare, and reduced the patient's economic burden of disease. But there emerge many problems as follows: impact on the doctor's diagnosis and treatment due to incompleteness of drug types, and distribution not in place, patient loss and operational difficulty of village clinic. Thus, this thesis makes recommendations of drugs catalog formulation, drug procurement, sales and use, and meanwhile points out that the supporting financial compensation policy and performance appraisal policy and other measures in place are a prerequisite for a positive role of essential drugs policy.

  15. Assessment on the Vulnerability of Mangrove Ecosystems in the Guangxi Coastal Zone under Sea Level Rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S.; Ge, Z.; Zhang, L.

    2013-12-01

    Sea level rise caused by global climate change will have significant impacts on coastal zone. The mangrove ecosystems occur at the intertidal zone in tropical and subtropical coasts and are particularly sensitive to sea level rise. To study the responses of mangrove ecosystems to sea level rise, assess the impacts of sea level rise on mangrove ecosystem and formulate the feasible and practical mitigation strategies are the important prerequisites for securing the coastal ecosystems. In this research, taking the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal zone of Guangxi province, China as a case study, the potential impacts of sea level rise on the mangrove ecosystems were analyzed by adopting the SPRC (Source-Pathway- Receptor- Consequence) model. An index system for vulnerability assessment on coastal mangrove ecosystems under sea level rise was worked out, in which rate of sea level rise, subsidence/uplift rate, habitat elevation, daily inundation duration, intertidal slope and sedimentation rate were selected as the key indicators according to the IPCC definition of vulnerability, i.e. the aspects of exposure, sensitivity and adaptation. A quantitatively spatial assessment method based on the GIS platform was established by quantifying each indicator, calculating the vulnerability index and grading the vulnerability. The vulnerability assessment based on the sea-level rise rates of the present trend and IPCC A1F1 scenario were performed for three sets of projections of short-term (2030s), mid-term (2050s) and long-term (2100s). The results showed at the present trend of sea level rise rate of 0.27 cm/a, the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal zone of Guangxi was within the EVI score of 0 in the projections of 2030s, 2050s and 2100s, respectively. As the sedimentation and land uplift could offset the rate of sea level rise and the impact of sea level rise on habitats/species of mangrove ecosystems was negligible. While at the A1F1 scenario with a sea level rise rate of 0

  16. After Beijing: emphasis on poverty eradication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    In March 1996, during its first meeting since the Fourth World Conference on Women, the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), called for a gender perspective to be integrated into policies and programs dealing with poverty, child and dependent care, and the media. Three expert panels examined each of these areas through a format which encouraged dialogue and led to the adoption of 17 resolutions, decisions, and agreed conclusions as well as a recommendation that the UN adopt a multi-year work program for the CSW to allow it to review progress in elimination of the 12 main obstacles to women's advancement identified at Beijing. Among the resolutions adopted by the CSW were calls to 1) take a broad and integrated approach to poverty eradication, 2) enhance women's empowerment and autonomy, 3) promote equity and equality in the public domain, 4) promote women's employment, 5) give women social and economic protection when they are unable to work, 6) counteract negative images of women and sex-stereotyping in the media, 7) reduce the representation of violence against women in the media, 8) strengthen the role of women in global communications, 9) encourage the participation of men in child and dependent care, and 10) recognize women's double burden of work. The CSW also agreed to pursue further discussions about drafting an optional protocol to the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Among its other actions, the CSW called for mechanisms to protect the rights of women migrant workers, to protect women and children during armed conflicts, to include gender-based human rights violations in UN activities, and to address the root factors which lead to social ills such as trafficking in women and girls. In addition, the CSW submitted a draft resolution demanding that Israel protect the rights of Palestinian women and their families. PMID:12291684

  17. Fracture patterns in synclinal folds, Miaofengshan, Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X. Z.; Liao, Z.; Reches, Z.

    2014-12-01

    The anticlinal bends are of interest for the oil/gas exploration and drilling designs as they are structural traps associated with high intensity of natural fractures due to bending curvature extension. However, some petroliferous areas with proven oil reserves were identified in synclinal structures, e.g. Songliao, Ordos and Bohai Bay Basins, northeast China, Bonaparte Basin, Australia, and Santa Maria Valley field, California. We analyze the fractures in synclines that are expected to carry curvature related fractures similarly to anticlines. The analysis is conducted on a 500m long and ~300 tall exposure of a folded sequence of dolomite and limestone layers at Miaofengshan, Beijing. Two general fracture groups are recognized: (1) layer crossing joints that are sub-parallel to the syncline axial surface; and (2) a distinct system of extension veins, which are joints filled with secondary calcite, that was found only in two layers of 0.8 and 2.2 m thick. These veins are layer-bound, they are up to 5 cm wide, and their width tapers toward the top and bottom of the host layers. Most of them are oriented normal to the bedding surfaces and radially with respect to the syncline shape. We recognized two phases of secondary mineralization that indicate layer-parallel extension of 5% or more. Apparently, these veins developed by bending extension of the most brittle layers whereas the more ductile layers above and below extended quasi-continuously. The analysis suggests that synclinal fracturing should be considered as possible mechanism for exploration of unconventional.

  18. In-use vehicle emissions in China: Beijing study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliver, Hongyan H.; Gallagher, Kelly Sims (Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, MA (US)); Li, Mengliang; Qin, Kongjian; Zhang, Jianwei (China Automotive Research and Technology Center (CN)); Liu, Huan; He, Kebin (Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, Tsinghua Univ. (CN))

    2009-05-01

    China's economic boom in the last three decades has spurred increasing demand for transportation services and personal mobility. Consequently, vehicle population has grown rapidly since the early 1990s, especially in megacities such as Beijing, Guangzhou, and Tianjin. As a result, mobile sources have become more conspicuous contributors to urban air pollution in Chinese cities. Tianjin was our first focus city, and the study there took us about two years to complete. Building upon the experience and partnership generated through the Tianjin study, the research team carried out the Beijing study from fall 2007–fall 2008. Beijing was chosen to be our second focus city for several reasons: it has the largest local fleet and the highest percentage of the population owning vehicles among all Chinese cities, and it has suffered from severe air pollution, partially due to the ever-growing population of on-road vehicles.

  19. Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Beijing Modern Urban Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyze development situations of Beijing modern urban agriculture from agricultural distribution,agricultural foundation and agricultural industrial system.Our research on challenges and opportunities of Beijing modern urban agriculture indicates that challenges include short of resources,deterioration of environment,and high production cost,and opportunities include large market space,advanced agricultural industrial experience and many other development opportunities.On the basis of these,we put forward development thought of Beijing modern urban agriculture in " the Twelfth Five Plan" period.We must improve foundation,integration and demonstration of agriculture;orient towards market and satisfy medium and high end market demands;actively cultivate and strengthen agricultural industrial level;create unique product brand;and raise added value of agricultural products.

  20. Transport of airborne particulate matters originating from Mentougou, Beijing, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In this study, a coupled regional air quality modeling system is applied to investigate the time spatial variations in airborne particulate matters (PM10), originating from Mentougou to Beijing municipal area in the period of April 1-7, 2004, and the influences of complex terrain and meteorological conditions upon boundary layer structure and PMio concentration distributions. An intercomparison of the performance with CALPUFF against the observed data is presented and an examination of scatter plots is provided. The statistics show that the correlation coefficient and STD between the modeled and observed data are 0.86 and 0.03, respectively. Analysis of model results illustrates that the pollutants emitted from Mentougou can be transported to Beijing municipal area along certain transport pathways, and PMio concentration distributions show heterogeneity characteristics. Contributions of the Mentougou sources to the PMio concentrations in Beijing municipal area are up to 0.1-15 μg/m3.

  1. Seasonal characteristics of biomass burning contribution to Beijing aerosol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG; Xiaoyan; LIU; Xiande; ZHAO; Fenghua; DUAN; Fengkui

    2005-01-01

    110 atmospheric aerosol samples collected from November 1997 to October 1998 at two monitoring sites (Ming Tomb and Temple Heaven) in Beijing were analyzed for the concentration of organic carbon (OC) and water-soluble potassium (K+). Four biomass burning episodes, namely spring farming, summer harvesting, autumn harvesting and leaf falling were identified using the tracer of K+. Biomass burning contribution to the urban aerosol OC concentration in Beijing was estimated by regression analysis of OC and K+ concentration data. The slopes of regression analysis are similar at the two monitoring sites, presenting regional characteristics. Severe air pollution event occurred during autumn harvesting period in 1998 with substantial secondary OC formed, in which biomass burning was one of the major emission sources. Biomass burning is a prominent source of aerosol OC in Beijing and is featured by its seasonality and periodicity. It may contribute as much as 30 to 60 percent of the total OC in typical cases.

  2. Planning, Investment, Construction and Operation of Rail Transit in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In Beijing, the rail transit firstly came into existence in the mid 1960s and was officially put into operation for civil use in the early 1980s. It has entered a period of rapid development since 2001, with thanks to the coming of the Olympic Games in 2008, and has been playing a more and more important role in the passenger transport of Beijing since then on, as a key part of the public transportation. Based on a resume on the evolution of rail transit development in Beijing, this paper analyzes the mechanism of policy-making, the mode of investment and financing, the procedure of construction, and the management of operation of rail transit, all of which ensure its rapid development and effective performance.

  3. Suitability evaluation of regional coastal ecotourism based on SOM neural network model:a case study of Qingdao,Yantai,Weihai and Rizhao of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Zhen-yu

    2010-01-01

    Development of coastal ecotourism has been a focus of Shandong government,and the suitability evaluation of regional coastal ecotourism is crucial for the reasonable plan and sustainable development of Shandong coctstal ecotourism.By using MATLAB language to establish a SOM neural network model,this paper evaluates the coastal ecotourism suitability of four regions.Qingdao,Yantai,Weihai and Rizhao of Shandong Province and divides 33 subordinate regions of those four cities into four categories,i.e.regions poorly suitable for ecotourism resources,regions highly suitable for coastal ecotourism,regions secondly suitable for coastal ecotourism,regions ordinarily suitable for coastal ecotourism.Related suggestions on development of regional coastal ecotourism have been given in the final conclusions.

  4. USING RAPD-PCR TO DISTINGUISH BIOTYPES OF BEMISIA TABACI ( HOMOPTERA: ALEYRODIDAE) IN CHINA%RAPD方法用于区分中国烟粉虱的生物型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴杏霞; 胡敦孝; 李正西; 沈佐锐

    2002-01-01

    应用RAPD-PCR技术研究了中国大陆10个烟粉虱种群的生物型情况.聚类分析表明:这10个种群中包含了3种生物型:烟粉虱B型、广西型(南宁南瓜寄主)和福建型(福州地瓜).值得注意的是,在福建并存着两种烟粉虱生物型,即甘蓝上的B型烟粉虱和甘薯上的福建福州型.研究表明烟粉虱B型已经传入中国,至少在北京、山东、新疆、福建、广东等地都有发生和分布.广西型和福建型是否中国的本土种群还需进一步研究.%Ten populations of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) collected from eight fieed and ornamentalcrops from seven provinces/cities in China were determined using RAPD-PCR. Results showed that the 10 populations ofB. tabaci could be classified into three distinct groups: a Biotype B group, a Guangxi group, and a Fujian group. Thewhiteflies in the Biotype B group were collected from sweetpotato and cotton in Beijing, tomato in Shandong, poinsettiain Shanghai and Guangdong, cabbage in Fujian, and hemp and eggplant in Xinjiang. The Guangxi group were collectedfrom pumpkin in Nanning, Guangxi, and the Fujian group, from sweetpotato in Fujian. It was notable that B. tabacispecimens collected on cabbage in Fujian belonged to the Biotype B group. It is clear that Biotype B does now occur inChina, in Beijing, Shandong, Xinjiang, Shanghai, Fujian and Guangdong. It is likely that the Guangxi and Fujiangroups are native to China.

  5. Compressed natural gas vehicles motoring towards a green Beijing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Ming; Kraft-Oliver, T. [International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC) - Asia, Bangkok (Thailand); Guo Xiao Yan [China North Vehicle Research Institute (CNVRI), Beijing (China)

    1996-12-31

    This paper first describes the state-of-the-art of compressed natural gas (CNG) technologies and evaluates the market prospects for CNG vehicles in Beijing. An analysis of the natural gas resource supply for fleet vehicles follows. The costs and benefits of establishing natural gas filling stations and promoting the development of vehicle technology are evaluated. The quantity of GHG reduction is calculated. The objective of the paper is to provide information of transfer niche of CNG vehicle and equipment production in Beijing. This paper argues that the development of CNG vehicles is a cost-effective strategy for mitigating both air pollution and GHG.

  6. Joint Exhibition of Women Painters from Beijing and Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Hong Kong’s return to China is another supreme symbol of peace and dignity. Celebrating this historical occasion, Beijing Women Painters’ Association and Hong Kong Contemporary Women Painters’ Association held a joint exhibition in Beijing, providing women painters from Hong Kong and the mainland an opportunity to learn from each other. Over more than a century time has brought great changes to the world. The Chinese women’s profound love and pursuit of a unified culture for the Chinese nation makes their arts all the more splendid.

  7. 2011年山东省近代文学研究回顾与反思%Review and Reflection of Shandong Province modern literiture reseach in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶

    2012-01-01

      山东省是国内近代文学研究最活跃的省份之一,2011年山东省近代文学研究取得了可喜的成果。研究论文的宏观性、前瞻性与学术研究领域的拓展和深入是本年度山东省近代文学研究成果的主要特点。召开于山东济南的中国近代小说国际学术研讨会和召开于山东烟台的“辛亥革命与中国近代文学”全国学术研讨会不仅进一步推动了本年度山东省近代文学的研究,而且提出了许多值得关注和反思的问题。%  Shandong is one of most active Provinces in modern literiture reseach of China .Shandong Province modern literiture reseach in 2011 has gained gratifying achievements .The macrography and per‐spectiveness of the reseach thesises and the wideth and development of reseach field are main characters of the achievements of Shandong Province modern literiture reseach this year .The international acdemic sem‐inar of Chinese modern novel holding in Jinan of Shandong and the national acdemic seminar of “the Revo‐lution of 1911 and Chinese Modern Literature” holding in Yantai of Shandong not only furtherly improve the reseach of Shandong Province modern literiture this year ,but also put forward a lots of problems wort‐hing focusing and reflectioning .

  8. 广西翼手目动物布氏球果蝠新记录%A New Record of Sphaerias blanfordi of Chiroptera in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程志营; 卢贞燕; 梁显堂

    2011-01-01

    One male specimen of Sphaerias blanfordi was collected in Guangxi Jinzhongshan National Natural Reserve in November 2010. It is a new record of Chiroptera in Guangxi,and the specimen was deposited in Museum of Guangxi Jinzhongshan National Natural Reserve.%2010年11月,在广西金钟山黑颈长尾雉国家级自然保护区采获1号雄性布氏球果蝠标本,为广西翼手目动物的新记录.标本保存于广西金钟山黑颈长尾雉国家级自然保护区管理局标本室.

  9. Analysis on construction of the Supply Chain and Brand of Guangxi Characteristic Economic Agricultural Products——A Case Study of Guilin,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Firstly,it is briefly introduced that Guangxi characteristic economic agricultural products are currently characterized by typical regional features and strong competitiveness.Then,Guilin is taken as an example,the problems existing in constructing the supply chain and brand of Guilin characteristic economic agricultural products are pointed out after the analysis of its current situations,the problems include weak agricultural production infrastructure,weak deep products processing capacity,low modernization level of storage and transportation as well as short of fixed marketing channels;meanwhile,brand construction faces the problems of little top brands and few differentiated products.Finally,some measures are proposed to solve these problems from the perspectives of establishing the management idea of agricultural products supply chain and enhancing the awareness to protect agricultural products brand,it is also suggested that these measures be extended to the whole Guangxi autonomous region in order to explore the way of the development of Guangxi characteristic agriculture.

  10. SWOT Analysis and Implications of the Development of Rural Tourism in Guangxi%广西乡村旅游发展的SWOT分析与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范恒君

    2012-01-01

    基于SWOT分析法,对广西旅游资源的发展进行系统的分析,指出其发展过程中存在的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并在此基础上尝试提出具体的发展路径和对策,以更好地促进广西乡村旅游的发展.%Based on SWOT analysis method, the development of rural tourism in Guangxi was analyzed systematically, and this paper firstly specified the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats Guangxi facing now, based on this, then, came up with some specific development routes and measures to boost the development of Guangxi rural tourism.

  11. Grey Relational Analysis on the Effects of Rainfall Factors on Runoff and Sediment in the Sloping Farmland with Different Plants in the Central South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the main rainfall factors influencing runoff and sediment in the sloping farmland with different plants in the central south of Shandong Province.[Method] Through grey relational analysis,the effects of different rainfall factors on runoff and sediment with different plants in the central south of Shandong were studied.[Result] In the sloping farmland with different plants,the effects of rainfall factors on runoff and sediment weren't consistent.Rainfall was the dominant inf...

  12. Treatment of port wine stains with pulsed dye laser: a retrospective study of 848 cases in Shandong Province, People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi W

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Wenhao Shi,1–3 Jinliang Wang,4,5 Yan Lin,4,5 Jianhui Geng,4,5 Haixia Wang,4,5 Yueqin Gong,4,5 Huaxu Liu,1,4,5 Furen Zhang1–4 1Shandong Provincial Institute of Dermatology and Venereology, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 2Shandong Provincial Key Lab for Dermatovenereology, 3School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 4Shandong Provincial Hospital for Skin Diseases, Shandong University, 5Shandong Provincial Medical Center for Dermatovenereology, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Background: Currently, 595 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL therapy is offered as one of the effective treatments of port wine stains (PWSs. However, the efficacy of PDL differs in different populations.Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the efficacy, and related factors, of 595 nm PDL in the treatment of PWSs in Chinese patients with skin type III to IV. Methods: A total of 848 cases that were treated with PDL were enrolled and analyzed in this study. An independent dermatologist evaluated these lesions according to the before and after photographs.Results: The response rate (RR of all the 848 PWS patients was 69.9%, within which the cure rate was 6.3%. The patients aged ≤1 year had the highest RR (93.9%, whereas those treated after age 50 reacted the worst (RR =25%. We analyzed the anatomical distribution of the lesion and found that the temporal region had the highest lesion clearance (RR =75.3%, while the extremities had the lowest clearance (RR =44.5%. Compared with the patients whose lesion size was larger than 80 cm2, the patients with small lesion size, of 0–20 cm2, had better clinical effect (RR =73.8% vs 53.2%. The reactions of the patients with hyperplastic lesion were worse than those with red patches (RR =36.4% vs 71.7%. As well, increasing treatment numbers could achieve higher clearance rates (P=0.005.Conclusion: The PDL had a relatively high RR but a low clearance

  13. Prevalence and Characteristics of Salmonella Isolated from Free-Range Chickens in Shandong Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaonan Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Compared with chickens raised in intensively managed breeding farms, free-range chickens in China are quite popular due to lower breeding density and less antibiotics usage. However, investigations about Salmonella enterica from free-range chickens are quite rare. The aim of the present study was to investigate prevalence and characteristics of Salmonella in free-range chickens in Shandong province, China. During the period of August and November 2015, 300 fresh fecal swabs from different broilers in three free-range chicken farms (100 samples per farm were collected to isolate Salmonella, and then these isolates were subjected to serotyping, antibiotic sensitivity testing, enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR, and multilocus sequence typing (ST. A total of 38 Salmonella isolates (38/300, 12.7% were recovered. The most common serotype was Enteritidis (81.6%, followed by Indiana (13.2% and Typhimurium (5.3%. Twenty-two out of 38 isolates (57.9% were resistant to ampicillin, the highest resistance rate, but resistance rates to cefazolin, cefotaxime, and ceftazidime were only 7.9%. The multidrug resistance (MDR rate was 26.3%. Additionally, the Salmonella isolates could be classified into 25 genotypes by ERIC-PCR and were divided into three ST types (ST11, ST17, and ST19, with ST11 the highest isolation rate (81.6%. In summary, as with other poultry, free-ranging chickens may also serve as potential reservoir for antibiotic resistant Salmonella, thereby posing a threat to public health.

  14. Contraceptive practice among postpartum urban womenin Zibo city of Shandong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the existing pattern of contraceptive use among postpartum women in urban areas of China.Method: A hospital based longitudinal study was carried out in Z ibo city, Shandong province of China from June 1996 to November 1997. Both quant itative and qualitative research approaches were used. This report mainly deals with the quantitative data. Qualitative data provided insights into the behavior of breastfeeding and contraceptive use, which helped to understand the percepti ons and behavior of people and community in this area. Information was obtained from 496 new parturient women who gave birth in the five district hospitals wher e they first were interviewed. They were then followed-up three timings for int erview at 42 days, four months and one year after delivery, respectively. Struct ured interview questionnaires filled out by trained interviewers. Total subjects of 492 women were for analysis in this paper.Results: The results showed that 74.4% of women were using contr aceptive methods when they resuming the first sexual activity after delivery. Du ring postpartum period, the majority of women interviewed used condom within 3 m onths, for instance, at 3 months after delivery, there were still 84.5% of women use condom. Afterwards, most of them switched to IUD. Life table analysis shows that the continuation rates of full breastfeeding, abstinence, amenorrhea and a cceptance of contraceptive methods at 4 months after delivery were 35.5%, 68.2%, 5.0%, and 86.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The policy implications of this study are that contr aceptive services and information for postpartum women in urban areas need to be improved further. The contraceptive methods providing for postpartum women shou ld have more methods to let women choose and instead of only one method for all of postpartum women.

  15. Genesis and Geological—Geochemical Characters of the ushan Gold Deposit,Shandong,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟建平; 胡凯; 等

    1996-01-01

    The Rushan gold deposit,explored in recent years in the Jiaodong area,Shandong Provinces,is a quartz vein-type gold deposit hosted in granite.The temperature of its major mineralization episode is between 220℃ and 280℃.The salinity o the ore-forming fluid is 5% to 9% NaCl equivalent,with H2O and CO2 as he dominant gas constituents.The fluid is rich in Na+,Ca2+ and Cl-,but relatively impoverished in K+ and F-,characterized by either Ca2+>Na+>K+(in three samples)or Na+>Ca+>K+(in six samples).Hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in the ore-forming fluid are highyly variable with δ18OH2o ranging between-7.70‰and 5.97‰andδDH2 o between-128‰and-71‰.The possiblity of lamprophyre serving as the source of gold can be excluded in view of its low gold content on the order of 2.5×10-9,Rb-S isochron ages of the deposit and the host Kunyushan granite are(104.8±1.5)Ma and 134.6Ma respectively with the respective initial Sr ratios of 0.71307 and 0.7096.It is considered that the emplacement of the labprophyre under a tensile environment had provided sufficient heat energy to facilitate deep circulation of meteoric water by which ore metals were extracted from the Kunyushan granite through long-term water-rock reaction.

  16. Human Influence on Heavy Metal Distribution in the Upper Lake Nansi Sediments, Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽原; 沈吉; 张祖陆; 金章东; 朱育新

    2004-01-01

    Core and surface sediment samples were collected from three sub-lakes (Lake Nanyang, Lake Dushan and Lake Zhaoyang) in the Lake Nansi Basin, Shandong Province. In order to reveal the characteristics of spatial and historical distribution of heavy metals in different sub-lakes of the Upper Lake Nansi, heavy metal (As, Cr, Cu, Hg, K, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, Al, Fe, Ti and V) concentrations of sediment samples were investigated. Based on the activity of 137 Cs in the sediments, the modern accumulation rate of Lake Nansi sediments is 3.5 mm/a. Our results show that the whole Upper Lake Nansi has been already polluted by heavy metals, among which Lake Nanyang has been polluted seriously by mercury, as well as by lead and arsenic, while Lake Dushan has been most seriously polluted by lead and arsenic. Historical variation of heavy metal (Cr, Cu, K, Ni, Zn, Al, Fe, Ti and V) concentrations shows an abrupt shift in 1962, resulting in a division of two periods: from 1957 to 1962 when metal enrichment increased with time, and from 1962 to 2000 when it decreased with time, while that of some anthropogenic elements such as Hg, Pb and Mn tend to increase toward the surface. However, the variation trend of As in the sediments is different from that of Hg, Pb and Mn, with its maximum value appearing in 1982. Since 1982 the concentrations of As have decreased due to the forbidden use of arsenite pesticides. This variation trend revealed changes in manner of human activity (coal combustion, waste discharges from both industries and urban sewage) within the catchment during different periods.

  17. Noble gases in corundum megacrysts from the basalts in Changle, Shandong Province, eastern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU WenXuan; SONG YuCai; CHEN XiaoMing; TAO MingXin; ZHANG LiuPing

    2007-01-01

    This study presents noble gaseous data of the corundum megacrysts from the Cenozoic basalts in Changle, Shandong Province, eastern China. It is known that no noble gaseous data of corundum megacryst have been documented before. The 3He/4He ratios (1.13-7.37 Ra) of the corundums from Changle vary from atmosphere to MORB values; the 20Ne/22Ne (9.67-10.75) and 21Ne/22Ne (0.0280-0.0372) data define two linear trends on Ne three-isotope diagram, respectively, along the MFL and the correlation line between atmosphere and MORB; the 38Ar/36Ar (0.177-0.194) ratios, the 40Ar/36Ar (280.9-404.2) ratios and the 128-136Xe/132Xe ration with obvious 129Xe excess are generally higher than atmospheric component, but the 40Ar/36Ar ratios are much closer to atomospheric ratio. The isotopic compositions of noble gases (particularly for He and Ar) of the corundums are similar to those of pyroxene, anorthoclase megacrysts, and mantle-derived xenoliths from this area, and those of mantle-derived xenoliths from several areas in eastern China. Therefore, the noble gases trapped in the corundums probably are from mantle source, representing a 'mixed fluid' produced by the interaction between the lithospheric mantle and fluids releasing from the convective plate. Both the noble gas isotopic compositions and the oxygen isotopic compositions of the solid corundums are not the characteristics of crustal source. These suggest that the corundums crystallized from mantle-derived magmas with minimal crustal contamination.

  18. Adsorption and Desorption of Mercury(II) in Three Forest Soils in Shandong Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Tong; WANG Ren-Qing; ZHANG Meng-Meng; DAI Jiu-Lan

    2013-01-01

    As one of the most toxic heavy metals with persistence,bioaccumulation,and toxicity in environment,mercury and its environmental problems have caused a global concern.To fully understand the behavior and fate of mercury (Hg)(II) in forest soils,a series of batch experiments were conducted to determine the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Hg(II) by three dark brown forest soils from Mount Taishan,Laoshan Mountain,and Fanggan Village in Shandong Province,China.The adsorption solution was prepared using 0.1 mol L-1 NaNO3 as background electrolyte,with Hg(II) at rising concentration gradients of 0.0,2.0,4.0,6.0,8.0,and 10.0 mg L-1.Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was adopted to characterize the soil samples and soil-Hg complexes.It was found that Hg(II) adsorption isotherms could be well fitted with both Langmuir and Freundlich equations.The soil from Mount Taishan had the largest potential Hg(II) adsorption capacity,though with less adsorptive intensity.The percentages of Hg(II) desorbed from all soil samples were less than 0.6%,which suggested that all the soils studied had a high binding strength for Hg(II).The soil from Mount Taishan had a higher Hg(II) desorption capacity than the other soils,which indicated that the Hg(II) deposited on the topsoil of Mount Taishan from atmosphere may easily discharge to surface water through runoff.Results of the FTIR spectroscopy showed that the three soils contained the same functional groups.The relative absorbencies of soil-Hg complexes changed significantly compared with those of the soil samples and the adsorption of Hg(II) mainly acted on the O-H,C-O,and C=O groups of the soils.

  19. The Value of Clean Air in China: Evidence from Beijing and Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Jijun Tan; Jinhua Zhao

    2014-01-01

    We estimate the willingness to pay (WTP) of Beijing and Shanghai residents for improving the air quality of the two cities from their levels prior to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games to the level achieved during the Olympics. The data are obtained from a contingent valuation study conducted through face-to-face interviews in June 2008 in Beijing and Shanghai prior to the Beijing Olympics, during which time there was intensive debate about Beijing¡¯s air quality. Residents in both cities are wil...

  20. Peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitations. The Beijing eye study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qi Sheng You

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To assess prevalence, size and location of peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitations (PICCs and their associations in a population-based sample. . METHODS: The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6 ± 9.8 years (range:50-93 years. A detailed ophthalmic examination included enhanced depth imaging of the choroid by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and fundus photography. PICCs were defined as triangular thickening of the choroid with the base at the optic disc border and a distance between Bruch's membrane and sclera of ≥ 200 μm. Parapapillary large choroidal vessels were excluded. RESULTS: Out of 94 subjects with high myopia (refractive error 26.5mm in right eyes, OCT images were available for 89 (94.7% participants. A PICC was detected in 15 out of these 89 highly myopic subjects (prevalence:16.9 ± 4.0% and in none of hyperopic, emmetropic or medium myopic subgroups each consisting of 100 randomly selected subjects. Mean PICC width was 4.2 ± 2.3 hours (30° of disc circumference and mean length was 1363 ± 384 μm. PICCs were located most frequently (40% at the inferior disc border. On fundus photos, a typical yellow-orange lesion was found in 8 (53% eyes with PICCs. In binary regression analysis, presence of PICCs was significantly associated with optic disc tilting (P=0.04 and presence of posterior staphylomata (P=0.046. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of PICCs in the adult Chinese population was 16.9 ± 4.0% in the highly myopic group, with no PICCs detected in non-highly myopic eyes. PICCs were located most frequently at the inferior optic disc border. Only half of the PICCs detected on OCT images showed a yellow-orange lesion on fundus photos. Presence of PICC was significantly associated only with an increased optic disc tilting and presence of posterior staphylomata, while it was not associated with axial length, refractive error or other ocular or systemic parameters.

  1. PIXE study on ancient glass samples of the Han dynasty unearthed from Hepu county, Guangxi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Combining the modified external-beam proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and other techniques, the chemical compositions, structures and other properties of some ancient glass samples of the Han Dynasty, which were unearthed from Hepu county, Guangxi, were determined. These glass samples can be classified to several glass systems, such as K2O-SiO2, PbO-BaO-SiO2, PbO-SiO2, Na2O-K2O-PbO-SiO2 and (Na2O)K2O-CaO-SiO2. But most of the samples belong to K2O-SiO2 system glass. Due to the surface corrosion, the flux K2O in the surface of the K2O-SiO2 glass was lost, but with the relative enrichment of the SiO2. Based on the characteristics of chemical composition and appearance of these samples, it is thought that, during the Han Dynasty, the making technique of the K2O-SiO2 glass in China was influenced by the technique related to the PbO-BaO-SiO2 glass from abroad. (authors)

  2. Paleoenvironmental changes recorded on UPPer Carboniferous reef in Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG EnPu; CHEN Xiaohong; ZHANG Yongli; GUAN Changqing; CHANG Honglun; HONG Guang

    2014-01-01

    Based on detailed measurement in the field and a comPrehensive analysis of carbonate microfacies, the Pennsylvanian reefal microfacies characteristic and sedimentary environment from Longjiangdong,Guangxi, China are analyzed. The twelve carbonate microfacies have been recognized including micritic/microsParitic limestone,Peloidal/aggregate-grain grainstone,bioclastic wackestone/Packstone,laminated mudstone,bounds-tone,bioclastic wackestone/Packstone with single shell,coral framestone/bafflestone,bioclastic Packstones/grainstones with abundant benthic foraminifera or crinoids,wackestone/mudstone with calcisPheres,bioclastic Packstone/grainstone,unname reef-building organism framestone and brachioPod grainstone. In addition,four facies have been identified including oPen Platform facies,restricted Platform facies,coral reefal facies and shoal facies. According to analysis of microfacies combination and facies evolution,three stages and three reef units during the reef formation Process have been noted. The evolution of each stage indicates a rePeating fluctu-ation of the sea-level,but the water energy is still relatively low overall,which rePresents frequent changes of Paleoclimate in the early Late Carboniferous.

  3. Study on Issues Concerning Regional Intergovernmental Cooperative Governance in Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Guangxi Beibu Gulf Economic Zone has taken the initiative to explore how to promote public administration of interregional local governments and achieved some success in recent years. However, there are still many problems as follows: the cooperation never goes deep;the cooperative governance is devoid of necessary system guarantee and information exchange and share platform. We analyse the status quo of cooperation in regional intergovernmental public administration as follows: it integrates the hierarchy power of government; it sponsors the forum for strengthening public administration and deepening cooperation in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone; it accelerates regional transportation system building; it sets up public administration institution; it quickens the pace of innovation of management and system in Beibu Gulf Economic Zone. Finally we put forward the path to construction of regional government cooperative governance so as to promote sustainable regional development as follows: construct the composite regional administrative cooperative governance model; construct the regional administrative network organization governance model; construct regional administrative special-project-based intergovernmental cooperative governance model; construct long-term flexible regional administrative cooperative mechanism.

  4. DOWNSCALING FORECAST OF MONTHLY PRECIPITATION OVER GUANGXI BASED ON BP NEURAL NETWORK MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Hui; JIN Long; QIN Zhi-nian; YUAN Li-jun

    2007-01-01

    Variables fields such as enstrophy, meridional-wind and zonal-wind variables are derived from monthly 500 hPa geopotential height anomalous fields. In this work, we select original predictors from monthly 500-hPa geopotential height anomalous fields and their variables in June of 1958 - 2001, and determine comprehensive predictors by conducting empirical orthogonal function (EOF) respectively with the original predictors. A downscaling forecast model based on the back propagation (BP) neural network is built by use of the comprehensive predictors to predict the monthly precipitation in June over Guangxi with the monthly dynamic extended range forecast products. For comparison, we also build another BP neural network model with the same predictands by using the former comprehensive predictors selected from 500-hPa geopotential height anomalous fields in May to December of 1957 - 2000 and January to April of 1958 - 2001. The two models are tested and results show that the precision of superposition of the downscaling model is better than that of the one based on former comprehensive predictors, but the prediction accuracy of the downscaling model depends on the output of monthly dynamic extended range forecast.

  5. Mineralogical characteristics of the superlarge Quaternary bauxite deposits in Jingxi and Debao counties, western Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuefei; Wang, Qingfei; Zhang, Qizuan; Feng, Yuewen; Cai, Shuhui

    2012-06-01

    In recent decades, more than 0.5 billion tons of ores scattered in the Quaternary laterite in western Guangxi, China have been explored. The ores were derived from a bauxite horizon in Permian via physical break-up and re-sediment process. Utilizing various test methods, i.e., XRD, DTA, TG/DTG, SEM/EDS and EPMA, the mineralogical characteristics of the Quaternary bauxite ores in Jingxi and Debao counties were investigated. XRD was used together with TG/DTG to obtain relatively accurate ore mineral abundance. Diaspore is the major phase, whereas hematite, kaolinite, anatase, chamosite, gibbsite, goethite, illite and rutile are minor. Diaspore is characterized by a small particle size, low degrees of crystallinity and complex chemical composition. Both gibbsite and goethite have a varied particle size, and goethite crystals contain high Al substitution and Si. It is clarified that diaspore, chamosite and anatase were formed in a mildly reduced and alkaline depositional environment in Permian, while gibbsite, hematite, goethite and part kaolinite were precipitated from Al3+-, Si4+- and Fe3+-enriched solutions within an Quaternary oxidized environment. The ions Al3+, Si4+ and Fe3+ are mostly released from chamosite in its dissolution process. The different physicochemical conditions between the Permian depositional and the Quaternary weathering periods resulted in a complex mineral assemblage in the Quaternary bauxite.

  6. New stylophorans (Echinodermata) from the Upper Cambrian of Guangxi, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN NaiRen; CHEN GuiYing

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes for the first time the cornute stylophorans (Echinodermata) in China. The new material came from the Guole Formation of the Furongian (Late Cambrian) in the Guole area of Jingxi,Guangxi Province, South China. These new cornute specimens are preserved in situ and found along with well-preserved trilobites and brachiopods. One new species, Phyllocystis jingxiensis sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these unusual materials. The new species is defined by the small,heart-shaped theca with the frame composed of ten narrow, smooth and thick marginal plates, three adoral plates and distinctive zygal and aulacophore. Both supracentrals and infracentrals are polygonal-outlined. The marginal plate M/ on the inferior face extends posteriorly to form zygal that possesses a broadened proximal end and the proximal portion joining with the conjunction between M4 and M5 on the inferior face. Aulacophore comprises ten segments at its proximal part and is conical at the middle part (named stylocone). Its distal portion is rather long and bears conspicuous ambulacrum grooves. Tectals are horizontally arranged on superior face and obliquely arranged on inferior face.Both cothurnopore and anal pyramid are vaguely seen on the right anterior corner and the extremity of theca's superior face.

  7. New stylophorans(Echinodermata) from the Upper Cambrian of Guangxi,South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes for the first time the cornute stylophorans (Echinodermata) in China. The new material came from the Guole Formation of the Furongian (Late Cambrian) in the Guole area of Jingxi, Guangxi Province, South China. These new cornute specimens are preserved in situ and found along with well-preserved trilobites and brachiopods. One new species, Phyllocystis jingxiensis sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these unusual materials. The new species is defined by the small, heart-shaped theca with the frame composed of ten narrow, smooth and thick marginal plates, three adoral plates and distinctive zygal and aulacophore. Both supracentrals and infracentrals are polygonal-outlined. The marginal plate M1’ on the inferior face extends posteriorly to form zygal that possesses a broadened proximal end and the proximal portion joining with the conjunction between M4 and M5 on the inferior face. Aulacophore comprises ten segments at its proximal part and is conical at the middle part (named stylocone). Its distal portion is rather long and bears conspicuous ambulacrum grooves. Tectals are horizontally arranged on superior face and obliquely arranged on inferior face. Both cothurnopore and anal pyramid are vaguely seen on the right anterior corner and the extremity of theca’s superior face.

  8. Organic geochemical characterization and depositional paleoenvironments of the Devonian strata in Guizhong region,Guangxi,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Devonian strata in the Guizhong region,Guangxi,China consist mainly of marine deposition carbonates(limestones and dolomites) as well as restricted clastic rocks. The strata thickness is measured as 2041m and classified into 14 formations. An integrated field geological,petrographic,sedimentological,palaeobiological,and geochemical study of these strata reveals that the depositional paleoenvironments were carbonate tidal flat,restricted platform,open platform,shelf,platform margin slop,and algal herm. The total organic carbon(TOC) of sedimentary organic matter ranges between 0.07% and 1.96% with average of 0.21%. The organic matter types are Type ? and Type II1. The vitrinite reflectance(R0) of kerogen ranges between 0.99% and 2.03%,indicating the maturated and highly maturated stages. The analytical results of the representative samples collected from shelf and subtidal facies show that the differences of organic matter type and biological diagnostic compounds are related to the types of source rocks deposited in different paleoenvironments.

  9. Relationship between species diversity and biomass of eucalyptus plantation in Guangxi, south China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuanguang WEN; Fang CHEN; Shirong LIU; Hongwen LIANG; Changan YUAN; Hongguang ZHU

    2009-01-01

    To reveal the relationship between species diversity and biomass in a eucalyptus (Eucalyptus urophylla × E. grandis) plantation located in the Dongmen State Forestry Farm of Guangxi, south China, 18 sample plots were established and the total biomass, arbor layer biomass and undergrowth biomass of communities were subsequently harvested. The results were as follows: 1) Species richness in eucalypt plantation had remarkable positive correlation with biomass of arbor layer, under growth and community (a = 0.001), its correlation coefficients were 0.6935, 0.7028 and 0.7106 respectively. 2) Leaf area index (LAI) had remarkable positive correlation with species richness and undergrowth biomass (a = 0.001). Its correlation coefficients were 0.7310 and 0.6856, respectively. 3) Arbor layer biomass had remarkable correlation with soil organic matter and hydrolysable N, its correlation coefficients was 0.6416 and 0.6203 respectively. Species richness had remarkable correlation with soil organic matter and correlation coefficient was 0.6359. Among them, the correlation was significant at the 0.1 level. Undergrowth biomass had little correlation with nine soil nutrients and correlation coefficients were under 0.4. To sum up, species diversity was advantageous to the promotion of the biomass of the eucalyptus plantation, and the variation of LAI and soil nutrient in small-scales could result in the difference of species diversity and biomass in different sample plots.

  10. Drinking Reasons and Alcohol Problems by Work Venue among Female Sex Workers in Guangxi, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yiyun; Li, Xiaoming; Shen, Zhiyong; Zhou, Yuejiao; Tang, Zhenzhu

    2016-01-01

    Objective Alcohol use is a key determinant of sexual risk behaviors but pathways to alcohol use in the context of commercial sex still remain unclear. The present study explores reasons for drinking and their roles on alcohol use problems among female sex workers (FSWs) in different types of commercial sex venues. Method In 2009, a sample of 1,022 FSWs from Guangxi, China completed a survey containing a 10-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and a 28-item measure of reasons for drinking. Factor analysis revealed five reasons for drinking: suppression, disinhibition, work requirement, sexual enhancement, and confidence booster. Results All identified reasons except for confidence booster appeared to be related to a higher tendency of developing alcohol use problems among FSWs. Types of commercial sex venues moderated the relationship between work requirement and alcohol use problems. Conclusions: Alcohol-risk reduction interventions among this population need to provide them with alternative approaches to regulate emotions and modify their misconceptions about alcohol’s sexual enhancing function. More attention is needed to FSWs’ vulnerability to the negative influence of occupational drinking. PMID:25594829

  11. [Recreational attraction of urban park wetlands in Beijing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fen; Sun, Ran-Hao; Chen, Li-Ding

    2012-08-01

    Taking the 20 urban park wetlands in Beijing as test objects, a 3-layer evaluation index system including urban park wetland landscape quality, location condition, and accessibility for the recreational attraction of urban bark wetlands was established, and, by using analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and an integrating index evaluation method, the recreational attraction of the urban park wetlands in Beijing was quantitatively assessed, and validated with questionnaire data. In Beijing, the urban park wetlands with high recreational attraction were in the order of the Summer Palace, Olympic Park, Qinglong Lake Park, Beihai Park, Yuanmingyuan Park, Yuyuantan Park, Shidu, Golden Sea Lake scenic area, Taoranting Park, and Yeyahu wetland. The Rice Fragrance Lake wetland and Zhenzhuhu scenic area had the lowest recreational attraction, and the others were fair. The evaluation results were supported by the questionnaire data, which indicated that the index system and evaluation model were useful. According to the recreational services, the 20 park wetlands in Beijing could be clustered into four categories, which could be managed in different ways. Appropriately assessing the recreational services of urban park wetlands could help the decision-making on the urban parks optimal planning and designing, improve human living environment, and optimize the spatial distribution of urban landscape. PMID:23189684

  12. Response to Jesus in Beijing by David Aikman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FayePearson

    2004-01-01

    After I read Jesus in Beijing by Mr. Aikman I am distressed. I encouraged church leadership to give Mr. Aikman an interview. I knew Mr. Aikman worked for Time Magazine and I had read some of his articles. I am disappointed that he did not give a more balanced view of the Christian situation in China.

  13. Tenth National Council Meeting of CPAFFC Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Meeting of the Tenth National Council of the CPAFFC was held in Beijing on May 15. More than 300 council members from the central and provincial (regional and municipal) organizations and all social circles attended the meeting. Xi Jinping,

  14. Feasibility Study Contract Signed for Underground Gas Storage in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On December 22, 2005, CNPC and Gazprom signed the feasibility study service contract on constructing the underground gas storage in Ren 11 reservoir of CNPC's Renqiu Oilfield. According to the contract terms, Gazprom will provide feasibility study services on the construction of the gas storage for CNPC. CNPC Vice President Zhou Jiping attended the signing ceremony held in Beijing.

  15. How Far Is Beijing from the World Fashion Capital?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    WHEN Beijing hosted the first international clothing fair in May 1993, the ancient capital of China abandoned itself to jubilee. The 1993 China International Clothing & Accessories Fair (CHIC) successfullyattracted 135 world-famous clothing enterprises from 11 countries and regions, as well as globally known fashion designers like Valentino, Gianfranco Ferre and Pierre Cardin. These world trend-setters joined their

  16. Beijing won the bid for hosting the FISM 2009 Convention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆定纲

    2006-01-01

    On August 4th, 2006, the fifth day of the 23rd FISM 2006 Convention in Stockholm. Beijing. after a fierce competition with the other two candidates-Granada and Vienna, finally won the bid for hosting FISM 2009 Convention, gaining 62 percent of the votes in the General Assembly.

  17. The Second Meeting for Lunar Orbiting Project Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SunQing

    2005-01-01

    The Second Meeting for Lunar Orbiting Project was held in Beijing at the beginning of 2005. Mr. Luan Enjie, Chief Commander for Chang'e Program, gave a report on Chang'e Program in 2004. Mr. Sun Laiyan, Administrator of CNSA, drew a conclusion on “Better understanding, enhancing management and making persistent efforts with solidarity for the next year's engineering development”.

  18. Symposium on HIV/AIDS Prevention Strategy Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    During December 20-21, 2004, the UNFPA/China reproductive health and family planning project held a workshop to discuss HIV/AIDS prevention strategy and planning in Beijing. The workshop was attended by more than 50 experts from home and abroad as well as project managers, including UNAIDS representative Joel Rehnstrom and NPFPC Vice Minister Zhao Baige.

  19. Scholars Convene to Discuss Ethics of Science in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Jointly organized by CAS and the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST),a conference on ethics of science and technology was held on Oct.31 in Beijing. It is one of the worldwide meeting series "Ethics around the World" sponsored by COMEST, an advisory body to the UNESCO Director-General on issues in the field.

  20. Beijing's Convention and Exhibition Industry Maintains Good Momentum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiong Jiuling

    2011-01-01

    @@ In recent years, Beijing's conven-tion and exhibition industry has maintained a good development momentum with expanding scale and improving facilities, becoming an inseparable part of the city's modern service sector.The development of the convention and exhibition industry has played an active role in perfecting the capital's functions, optimizing the industrial structure and enhancing the city's radiation capabilities.

  1. Nanotechnology Special Committee of CNAL Was Founded in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ On May 20,autorized by Certification and Accreditation Administration of P.R.China (CNAL),the Nanotechnology Special Committee of CNAL technical committee,which is nominated by the National Nanometer Scientific Center,held its inauguration meeting in Beijing.

  2. Kofi Annan Visited Beijing Liuminying Eco-village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BianYousheng

    2005-01-01

    United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and his party visited China's first large agricultural ecology project,Beijing Liuminying Eco-village, on October 12, 2004. During his visit, Kofi Annan was accompanied by Xie Zhenhua,Minister of the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), Wang Guangya, Permanent Representative to the United Nations,

  3. The 11th CAS General Assembly Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Haiyan; Zhao Baohua

    2002-01-01

    @@ As their first plenary meetings in the new century, the 11th General Assembly of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Sixth General Assembly of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) were convened in Beijing from May 28 to June 1. A total of 490 CAS members and three foreign members attended the CAS conference.

  4. Beijing Elderly People’ s Art Troupe Performs in Russia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The Beijing Elderly People’s Art Troupe sent by the CPAFFC, made a performance tour of Russia from September 22 to 30, 2007. The performance tour was part of the activities held in celebration of the 58th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Russia within the framework of the China Year in

  5. Life in "IT-Based" Showcase Residential Area in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG XIUHUA

    2007-01-01

    @@ "I am a migrant worker and Iam a resident here,"reads a message on the BBS (bulletin board system) of the Jingtie Jiayuan area in Beijing."I have learned that Jingtie Jiayuan Residents' Committee distributes free contraceptives.Am I able to have them (for free)? If I am,what shall I do to get free contraceptives?"

  6. SWOT Analysis and Countermeasures of Beijing Rural Infrastructure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the strength of the status quo of Beijing rural infrastructure, I probe into the SWOT analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of rural infrastructure in Beijing municipal. Among them, the strengths of rural infrastructure in Beijing municipal are analyzed from two aspects, namely, the strong financial support and great importance attached to by the government; the weaknesses are analyzed in terms of the serious shortage of funds invested and disparate investment in rural infrastructure; the opportunities faced by the rural infrastructure construction are analyzed in terms of support form the macrocontrol of the state and the threats are analyzed from the aspects of land preservation and environmental protection. Thus in order to further promote the Beijing rural infrastructure construction and increase the investment in rural infrastructure construction, the following countermeasures are put forward. In the first place, the government should adjust the fiscal policies and increase the investment in rural infrastructure construction. In the second place, the laws should be perfected to provide constitutional guarantee for infrastructure construction. In the third place, healthy supervision system of rural infrastructure should be managed well and use well. In the fourth place, the government should attach importance to disparate demands and shift from the unified standard to classified standard. In the fifth place, the government should enforce the supervision on capital and operation so as to improve the service efficiency of capital.

  7. Government support, innovation and productivity in the Haidian (Beijing) District

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, C.; Wu, Y.; Mohnen, P.; Zhao, Y.

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines whether the government support in favour of firms located in the Haidian district of Beijing, which includes the Zhongguancun Science Park, was effective in terms of innovation and economic performance. We use a dataset of 500 manufacturing firms that results from a merger of the

  8. Showcasing Colombia's Native Icons in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGJINGDE

    2004-01-01

    THE Object/Colombia Exhibition, the biggest ever held in China, went on display at the Beijing Jintai Art Museum in July of 2003. This exhibition structured as a journey across historic Colombia, featuring five uses of objects as icons: furniture, decorations, containers, clothes, and ritual and games relics, all grouped

  9. Strategies for controlling pollution from vehicular emissions in Beijing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the severe situation of vehicular emission in Beijing and discusses the following mitigation strategies: Improving fuel quality, controlling the exhaust from new vehicles, controlling the emissions from vehicles in use through e.g. Inspection Maintenance (I/M), renovating in-use vehicles and scrapping of old vehicles and road infrastructure and traffic policies. (Author)

  10. Beijing|Aarhus Mapping the Void I+II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Anne Elisabeth; Carbone, Claudia; He, Keren;

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION This exhibition consists of work by students from “Studio Constructing an Archive” at the Aarhus School of Architecture (AAA), and the “Studio of International Programme” at the School of Architecture, Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA), Beijing. The exhibition showcases a unique co...... He and Wang Wei....

  11. Spatial and temporal variations in residential housing prices in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan; Lv, Meng; Yin, Zhongdong

    2009-10-01

    During the past 10 years, the real estate industry in Beijing has been manifesting a strongly growing trend. Researching on the distribution of house prices and their tendencies is helpful to grasp and predict the development of the real estate industry and could be used as reference to city planning. 120 records of housing price data in 2005 to 2006 and open prices in 38 developing projects from the first quarter of 2002 to the second quarter of 2008 were used in this study to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of house price with geostatistical methods and nonlinear regression. Results show that there was a very strong autocorrelation among the house prices in Beijing within the range of about 11 km in 2005 to 2006, which can be well fitted with the spherical model. The isogram of the house prices formed a group of homocentric ellipses, with their long axis extending NW-SE, and the house prices decreased from the center to the periphery. The spatial pattern of house prices in Beijing changed obviously from 2003 to 2006. Although both the spatial patterns for the two periods were homocentric ellipses, the shapes of the ellipses and the directions of the axes changed greatly. And there were more imbalances in 2005 to 2006. The house prices in the Huilongguan-Qinghe residential zone, an example of the typical real estate industry in Beijing, kept growing from 2002 to 2008 and could be fitted with exponential growth model.

  12. Mineralogical characterization of airborne individual particulates in Beijing PM10

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Sen-lin; SHAO Long-yi; WU Ming-hong; JIAO Zheng

    2006-01-01

    This work mainly focuses on the mineralogical study of particulate matter(PM10) in Beijing. Samples were collected on polycarbonate filter from April, 2002 to March, 2003 in Beijing urban area. Scanning electronic microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray(SEM/EDX) was used to investigate individual mineral particles in Beijing PM10. 1454 individual mineral particulates from 48 samples were analysed by SEM/EDX. The results revealed that mineral particulates were complex and heterogeneous. 38kinds of minerals in PM10 were identified. The clay minerals, of annual average percentage of 30.1% , were the main composition among the identified minerals, and illite/smectite was the main composition in clay minerals, reaching up to 35%. Annual average percentage of quartz, calcite, compound particulates, carbonates were 13.5%, 10.9%, 11.95%, 10.31%, respectively. Annual average percentage less than 10% were gypsum, feldspar, dolomite, and so on. Fluorite, apatite, halite, barite and chloridize zinc (ZnCl2) were firstly identified in Beijing PM10. Sulfurization was found on surface of mineral particles, suggested extensive atmospheric reaction in air during summer.

  13. Art Casting of China and 2008 Beijing Olympic Sculptures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Chunliang

    2009-01-01

    @@ The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, a major international multi-sport event, took place in Beijing, the People's Republic of China. It has well shown the Chinese people's dream and passion about the Games. Hosting an Olympic Games has been a century-old dream for the Chinese nation.

  14. OL i Beijing - markedskræfternes sejr over moralen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jørn

    2009-01-01

    Despite the servere criticism against Beijing as host of the Olympic Games the number of influential state reprsentatives from various countries at the opening ceremony had never been larger. In view of the strong moral criticism of the problems with the human rights in China this is difficult...

  15. SCO Management System Certification Research Class Opens in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Management System Certification Research Class formally opened in Beijing on September 6, 2007. The research class was attended by government officials and experts in the fields of industry, commerce,environmental protection,statistics, standardization,metrology, detection and certification from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

  16. Students' Experiences with Popular Music: The Case of Beijing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Wai-Chung

    2016-01-01

    Since the 1980s, the establishment of a socialist market economy has quickened the pace of China's economic development; at the same time, increased modernization and globalization have influenced, to varying degrees, the development of music and music education. With reference to 12 secondary schools in Beijing, this empirical study examines…

  17. Explaining Late Life Urban vs. Rural Health Discrepancies in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, Zachary; Kaneda, Toshiko; Tang, Zhe; Fang, Xianghua

    2010-01-01

    Social characteristics that differ by place of residence are consequential for health. To study implications of this among older adults in rural vs. urban China, this study employs data from the Beijing municipality, a region that has witnessed growth and gaps in development. Life and active life expectancy is assessed using a multistate life…

  18. Expedition Paris-Beijing by Bicycle 2008 Launched

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>From March 15 to17, at the invitation of the Euro-Chinese Friendship Association (ECFA) of France, a CPAFFC representative attended the launching ceremony of the Expedition Paris-Beijing by Bicycle 2008 in Paris, during which he met with officials of the National Commission on Decentralized Cooperation (Commission Nationale de la Cooperation Decentralisee-CNCD) of France.

  19. The Summit Forum on Food of 2005 Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ On Feb. 2, the summit forum on food of 2005 was held in Beijing. Attending the forum were: persons in charge, experts and scholars from the relevant departments of the China national government, the professional association and the scientific research institute, and the leaders of domestic well-known food enterprises.

  20. Migrant Children Number 288,000 in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Beijing, capital city of China, is taking a series of steps to improve schooling for children of migrant workers, estimated to be in the millions. Traditionally,China's education system required school-age children to attend school where they were born.