WorldWideScience

Sample records for behavioral research

  1. Consumer behavior research

    OpenAIRE

    Hašková, Lucie

    2010-01-01

    The major part of this work is a consumer behavior research in process of buying christmas presents. The goal of this work is to describe a consumer behavior of Prague's customers in process of buying christmas presents, also describe a a consumer behavior of different age and social groups, as well as the difference between men and women.

  2. HIV Behavioral Research Online

    OpenAIRE

    Chiasson, Mary Ann; Parsons, Jeffrey T.; Tesoriero, James M.; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Hirshfield, Sabina; Remien, Robert H.

    2006-01-01

    Internet access has caused a global revolution in the way people of all ages and genders interact. Many have turned to the Internet to seek love, companionship, and sex, prompting researchers to move behavioral studies online. The sexual behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) has been more closely studied than that of any other group online given the abundance of gay-oriented websites and concerns about increasing transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Not only do...

  3. Brain and Behavior Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... View All > Donate DONATE TODAY! > The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation is committed to alleviating the suffering caused by ... in scientific research. Copyright © 2016 the brain & behavior research foundation Privacy Policy Legal Notices and Disclaimers

  4. Research on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Trust and Customer Citizenship Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Gongxing Guo; Xing Zhou

    2013-01-01

    The concept of Customer Citizenship Behavior is evolved from Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and therelationship between them has been researched by few scholars. To examine the effect of OrganizationalCitizenship Behavior on Customer Citizenship Behavior, this research adopted questionnaire investigationmethod to survey 208 consumers. As predicted, the results showed that, organizational citizenship behaviorinfluenced customer citizenship behavior positively; trust acted as a mediator b...

  5. Behavioral Research Data Analysis with R

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Yuelin

    2012-01-01

    This book is written for behavioral scientists who want to consider adding R to their existing set of statistical tools, or want to switch to R as their main computation tool. The authors aim primarily to help practitioners of behavioral research make the transition to R. The focus is to provide practical advice on some of the widely-used statistical methods in behavioral research, using a set of notes and annotated examples. This book will also help beginners learn more about statistics and behavioral research. These are statistical techniques used by psychologists who do research on human su

  6. Research on Container Behaviors Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    With the development of middleware technology, there are some new features to be adopted on demand in middleware platform based on container component. Aiming at the adaptation of middleware platform, from the nature of component container, this paper begins with behaviors features of EJB (Enterprise Java Bean) container, extracts general behaviors protocol of container, and defines its formal behaviors specification. In the end, the interactive relationship of components is described by WRIGHT language, and the configuration of whole system is shown. The method proposed in this paper mines the hidden features of framework of component container, and applies to refactor middleware platform in reflection and aspect-oriented programming technology.

  7. Chinese Road Safety and Driver Behavior Research

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Junhua

    2015-01-01

    The seminar will begin with a brief overview of the Chinese road safety situation, including current safety problems, and then move on to discuss safety research including driver behavior, freeway operational safety, and infrastructure development.

  8. Research: Television Violence and Aggressive Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurtzel, Alan

    1977-01-01

    Summarizes the major research findings on the relationship between television violence and aggressive behavior; concludes that, while there is no definitive proof that such a relationship exists, the evidence points strongly in that direction. (GT)

  9. Behavioral Methods in Consciousness Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    research literature has expanded greatly, particularly in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science. Interestingly, this scientific work has made use of a wide variety of different methods without much consensus on how one might in fact measure subjective consciousness. This situation makes it......Why are we conscious? How can it be that information processed in the brains of living creatures is accompanied by subjective experience? While such questions have been topics of philosophical debates for centuries, the past decades have seen a surge of scientific interest with the result that the...... potentially impossible to compare and contrast experimental findings, and difficult to show that consciousness research is a discipline going in a particular direction or has a particular focus. This book provides an overview of methods and approaches for studying consciousness. It aims to make progress...

  10. Research on Vocational Behavior: The Singapore Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Esther

    1998-01-01

    This review of vocational psychology research in Singapore, 1985 to 1997, addresses career development, interests, sex stereotypes, work values, job satisfaction, and home/family influence. The review shows an increase in research on school-aged populations and a need to study the vocational behavior of the work force. (SK)

  11. Behavioral Decision Research Intervention Reduces Risky Sexual Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Julie S; Bruine de Bruin, Wändi; Fischhoff, Baruch; Murray, Pamela J

    2015-01-01

    Although adolescents are at disproportionate risk for sexually transmitted infections, most sex education programs have shown little effect on sexual behavior. An interactive video intervention developed by our team has been identified as one of a few programs that have been documented to reduce sexually transmitted infections in this population. Building on behavioral decision research, we used a mental models approach to interview young women about their sexual decisions, finding, among other things, the strong role of perceived social norms. We based our intervention on these results, aiming to help young women identify and implement personally and socially acceptable decision strategies. A randomized controlled trial found that the video reduced risky sexual behavior and the acquisition of chlamydia infection. We recently revised the video to suit more diverse audiences, and upgraded it to modern standards of cinematography and interactivity. It is now in field trial. PMID:26149165

  12. Fuel behavior comparison for a research reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negut, Gh.; Mladin, M.; Prisecaru, I.; Danila, N.

    2006-06-01

    The paper presents the behavior and properties analysis of the low enriched uranium fuel, which will be loaded in the Romanian TRIGA 14 MW steady state research reactor compared with the original high enriched uranium fuel. The high and low enriched uranium fuels have similar thermal properties, but different nuclear properties. The research reactor core was modeled with both fuel materials and the reactor behavior was studied during a reactivity insertion accident. The thermal hydraulic analysis results are compared with that obtained from the safety analysis report for high enriched uranium fuel core. The low enriched uranium fuel shows a good behavior during reactivity insertion accident and a revised safety analysis report will be made for the low enriched uranium fuel core.

  13. Fuel behavior comparison for a research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negut, Gh. [Institute for Nuclear Research (ICN), 1, Campului Street, P.O. Box 78, 0300 Mioveni, Pitesti (Romania)]. E-mail: joenegut@yahoo.com; Mladin, M. [Institute for Nuclear Research (ICN), 1, Campului Street, P.O. Box 78, 0300 Mioveni, Pitesti (Romania); Prisecaru, I. [University Politehnica Bucharest (Romania); Danila, N. [University Politehnica Bucharest (Romania)

    2006-06-30

    The paper presents the behavior and properties analysis of the low enriched uranium fuel, which will be loaded in the Romanian TRIGA 14 MW steady state research reactor compared with the original high enriched uranium fuel. The high and low enriched uranium fuels have similar thermal properties, but different nuclear properties. The research reactor core was modeled with both fuel materials and the reactor behavior was studied during a reactivity insertion accident. The thermal hydraulic analysis results are compared with that obtained from the safety analysis report for high enriched uranium fuel core. The low enriched uranium fuel shows a good behavior during reactivity insertion accident and a revised safety analysis report will be made for the low enriched uranium fuel core.

  14. Research opportunities in human behavior and performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, J. M. (Editor); Talbot, J. M. (Editor)

    1985-01-01

    Extant information on the subject of psychological aspects of manned space flight are reviewed; NASA's psychology research program is examined; significant gaps in knowledge are identified; and suggestions are offered for future research program planning. Issues of human behavior and performance related to the United States space station, to the space shuttle program, and to both near and long term problems of a generic nature in applicable disciplines of psychology are considered. Topics covered include: (1) human performance requirements for a 90 day mission; (2) human perceptual, cognitive, and motor capabilities and limitations in space; (3) crew composition, individual competencies, crew competencies, selection criteria, and special training; (4) environmental factors influencing behavior; (5) psychosocial aspects of multiperson space crews in long term missions; (6) career determinants in NASA; (7) investigational methodology and equipment; and (8) psychological support.

  15. Integrating psychology research and behavioral management

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Elman

    2010-01-01

    Igor ElmanDepartment of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA, USAI am grateful that about two years ago Dove Medical Press offered me the opportunity to edit the Journal of Psychology Research and Behavior Management. I find my work on the Journal to be a very gratifying experience and I particularly enjoy its eclectic multidisciplinary qualities that, by attracting contributions from a variety of perspectives and geographic locations, help to ease the artificial b...

  16. Research opportunities in human behavior and performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, J. M.; Talbot, J. M.

    1985-01-01

    The NASA research program in the biological and medical aspects of space flight includes investigations of human behavior and performance. The research focuses on psychological and psychophysiological responses to operational and environmental stresses and demands of spaceflight, and encompasses problems in perception, cognition, motivation, psychological stability, small group dynamics, and performance. The primary objective is to acquire the knowledge and methodology to aid in achieving high productivity and essential psychological support of space and ground crews in the Space Shuttle and space station programs. The Life Sciences Research Office (LSRO) of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology reviewed its program in psychology and identified its research for future program planning to be in line with NASA's goals.

  17. Research progress in avian dispersal behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang LIU; Zhengwang ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    Dispersal, defined as a linear spreading move-ment of individuals away from others of the population is a fundamental characteristic of organisms in nature. Dispersal is a central concept in ecological, behavioral and evolutionary studies, driven by different forces such as avoidance of inbreeding depression, density-dependent competition and the need to change breeding locations. By effective dispersal, organisms can enlarge their geo-graphic range and adjust the dynamic, sex ratio and gen-etic compositions of a population. Birds are one of the groups that are studied intensively by human beings. Due to their diurnal habits, diverse life history strategies and complex movement, birds are also ideal models for the study of dispersal behaviors. Certain topics of avian dispersal including sex-biased, asymmetric dispersal caused by differences in body conditions, dispersal pro-cesses, habitat selection and long distance dispersal are discussed here. Bird-ringing or marking, radio-telemetry and genetic markers are useful tools widely applied in dispersal studies. There are three major challenges regard-ing theoretical study and methodology research of dis-persal: (1) improvement in research methodology is needed, (2) more in-depth theoretical research is neces-sary, and (3) application of theoretical research into the conservation efforts for threatened birds and the manage-ment of their habitats should be carried out immediately.

  18. 301 research topics from Skinner's book verbal behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Sundberg, Mark L.

    1991-01-01

    Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior addresses some of the most important issues in human behavior. However, relatively few of the analyses presented by Skinner in Verbal Behavior have been subjected to an experimental analysis. The current list of topics was assembled in an effort to stimulate empirical research on verbal behavior. The list contains thirty research areas with ten topics suggested for each area. A final topic, education, is presented as a challenge to behavior analysts.

  19. Research in Behavior Modification; New Developments and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasner, Leonard, Ed.; Ullmann, Leonard P., Ed.

    Fifteen articles by different authors discuss behavior modification in terms of research, training, and social application. Topics considered include the classification of behavioral pathology, the extension of learning principles to human behavior, studies of normal and deviant child behavior, operant conditioning of two speech-deficient boys,…

  20. Behavioral Intervention Technologies: Evidence review and recommendations for future research

    OpenAIRE

    Mohr, David C.; Burns, Michelle Nicole; Schueller, Stephen M; Clarke, Gregory; Klinkman, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on the findings of a technical expert panel convened by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Institute of Mental Health, charged with reviewing the state of research on behavioral intervention technologies (BITs) in mental health and identifying the top research priorities. BITs is the comprehensive term used to refer to behavioral and psychological interventions that use information and communication technology features to address behavioral and ...

  1. The Research of College Students’English Classroom Behavior Investigations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张单

    2014-01-01

    By employing quantitative research methods, the paper investigates college students ’preferences to English classroom behaviors and the relations between behaviors and achievements. The results indicate that there are significant differences among the subjects’behavior, cognitive and emotional elements, and their classroom behaviors are mainly visual, individual, imitative and exterior-motivated;there are significant differences in behavior element and emotional element between high-result group and low-result group;confident and oral classroom behaviors have prominent relations with CET-4 achievements, and different teaching methods may make learning behaviors produce good or bad effects to achievements.

  2. Organizational Behavior Research in Transition Time of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Kan

    2004-01-01

    The article is to introduce author's research results in recent years in the field of leadership behavior. The main researches conducted in this field include competency model of senior executives in communication industry and family firms; transformational leadership and its relationship with leadership effectiveness, the impact of supervisor's feedback on employees' behavior and the cross-culture study of supervisor's feedback. Theoretical and practical contributions of these researches are explained. Directions for future research are discussed.

  3. Positivist Philosophy and Research on Human Spatial Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982

    Positivist methodology, with an emphasis on quantification and measurement, is the most effective approach to behavioral research in geography and is the only means to obtain valid knowledge. Although initial behavioral research in geography was centered on positivist tradition, many of the classic tenets have been replaced. Tendencies toward…

  4. Field Research Studying Whales in an Undergraduate Animal Behavior Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLaren, R. David; Schulte, Dianna; Kennedy, Jen

    2012-01-01

    This work describes a new field research laboratory in an undergraduate animal behavior course involving the study of whale behavior, ecology and conservation in partnership with a non-profit research organization--the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation (BOS). The project involves two weeks of training and five weekend trips on whale watch…

  5. Animal Research in the "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Timothy L.; Poling, Alan

    2011-01-01

    This review summarizes the 6 studies with nonhuman animal subjects that have appeared in the "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis" and offers suggestions for future research in this area. Two of the reviewed articles described translational research in which pigeons were used to illustrate and examine behavioral phenomena of applied significance…

  6. Quantified trends in the history of verbal behavior research

    OpenAIRE

    Eshleman, John W.

    1991-01-01

    The history of scientific research about verbal behavior research, especially that based on Verbal Behavior (Skinner, 1957), can be assessed on the basis of a frequency and celeration analysis of the published and presented literature. In order to discover these quantified trends, a comprehensive bibliographical database was developed. Based on several literature searches, the bibliographic database included papers pertaining to verbal behavior that were published in the Journal of the Experi...

  7. ANIMAL RESEARCH IN THE JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Timothy L.; Poling, Alan

    2011-01-01

    This review summarizes the 6 studies with nonhuman animal subjects that have appeared in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and offers suggestions for future research in this area. Two of the reviewed articles described translational research in which pigeons were used to illustrate and examine behavioral phenomena of applied significance (say–do correspondence and fluency), 3 described interventions that changed animals' behavior (self-injury by a baboon, feces throwing and spitting by...

  8. Research Paradigms, Television, and Social Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asamen, Joy Keiko, Ed.; Berry, Gordon L., Ed.

    Straightforward and engaging in style, this book presents 10 essays that provide concrete, step-by-step examples of how to conduct studies of the impact of television on behavior from quantitative perspectives, qualitative perspectives, and an integrated approach, making the volume useful for both undergraduate and graduate students. Its…

  9. Bullying Behavior: Current Issues, Research, and Interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geffner, Robert A., Ed.; Loring, Marti, Ed.; Young, Corinna, Ed.

    Although there has been great concern about the incidence of bullying in American schools, there has only recently been research conducted in American schools on this problem. This volume considers the difficulties involved in various definitions of bullying, theoretical perspectives on bullying, current clinical research findings on the dynamics…

  10. Research and Simulation on Drivers Route Choice Behavior Cognition Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Lin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper studied the behavior-cognitive model of drivers during their travel based on the current research on driver behavior. Firstly, a route choice behavior-cognitive model was proposed for describing the decision-making mechanism of drivers during his travel; then, simulation experiments were carried out on the co-simulation VBc-vissim platform. From the experimental results, dynamic behavior features of drivers during their travel can be properly explained by the behavior-cognitive model, thus optimal path can be obtained from this model.

  11. Research progress of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-hua GU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available There is no epidemiological data of frontotemporal dementia (FTD in China. The application of updated diagnostic criteria, publishing of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD consensus in China, development of multimodal imaging and biomarkers promote the clinical understanding on behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD. There is still no drugs treating FTD approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA. Multidisciplinary intervention may delay the progression of bvFTD. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.07.006

  12. Recent reinforcement-schedule research and applied behavior analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lattal, Kennon A.; Neef, Nancy A.

    1996-01-01

    Reinforcement schedules are considered in relation to applied behavior analysis by examining several recent laboratory experiments with humans and other animals. The experiments are drawn from three areas of contemporary schedule research: behavioral history effects on schedule performance, the role of instructions in schedule performance of humans, and dynamic schedules of reinforcement. All of the experiments are discussed in relation to the role of behavioral history in current schedule pe...

  13. NRC hydrogen behavior and mitigation research program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To address hydrogen-related issues, the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (Divisions of Accident Evaluation and Engineering Technology) has initiated a comprehensive research program whose objective is to quantify the threat posed by hydrogen released during severe reactor accidents, and to generate information, procedures and concepts which will prevent or mitigate that threat. The products of this research program will include: 1) assessment of the threat for several classes of reactors and containment designs; 2) assessment of the adequacy of existing safety systems and mitigation strategies; 3) identification and concept demonstration of improved mitigation and detection systems; 4) publication of manuals and reports on: evaluation of the state-of-the-art; phenomena important to threat assessment; operator strategies and training; and reactor safety issues; 5) development and applications of computer codes for addressing the generation, transport, combustion and mitigation of hydrogen during hypothetical reactor accidents

  14. ANOVA for the behavioral sciences researcher

    CERN Document Server

    Cardinal, Rudolf N

    2013-01-01

    This new book provides a theoretical and practical guide to analysis of variance (ANOVA) for those who have not had a formal course in this technique, but need to use this analysis as part of their research.From their experience in teaching this material and applying it to research problems, the authors have created a summary of the statistical theory underlying ANOVA, together with important issues, guidance, practical methods, references, and hints about using statistical software. These have been organized so that the student can learn the logic of the analytical techniques but also use the

  15. Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academies Press, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Comprehensive research and a highly-trained workforce are essential for the improvement of health and health care both nationally and internationally. During the past 40 years the National Research Services Award (NRSA) Program has played a large role in training the workforce responsible for dramatic advances in the understanding of various…

  16. Incorporating Transformative Consumer Research into the Consumer Behavior Course Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkus, Ed, Jr.

    2010-01-01

    In contrast to understanding consumer behavior for the benefit of business organizations, transformative consumer research (TCR) seeks to understand consumer behavior for the benefit of consumers themselves. Following Mari's (2008) call for the incorporation of TCR in doctoral programs in marketing, this article outlines the relevance of TCR to…

  17. Serious Leisure and Information Behavior Research

    OpenAIRE

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2005-01-01

    Along with the development of technology, social evolution, and global economics, leisure becomes an important aspect in modern societies, so do leisure industries. The author argues that studies of leisure information and leisure activities are increasingly significant with theoretical and practical impacts, and suggest library and information science scholars and practice communities pay attention to leisure research in general, and the concept of serious leisure in particular, which highly...

  18. Animal behavioral assessments in current research of Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asakawa, Tetsuya; Fang, Huan; Sugiyama, Kenji; Nozaki, Takao; Hong, Zhen; Yang, Yilin; Hua, Fei; Ding, Guanghong; Chao, Dongman; Fenoy, Albert J; Villarreal, Sebastian J; Onoe, Hirotaka; Suzuki, Katsuaki; Mori, Norio; Namba, Hiroki; Xia, Ying

    2016-06-01

    Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder, is traditionally classified as a movement disorder. Patients typically suffer from many motor dysfunctions. Presently, clinicians and scientists recognize that many non-motor symptoms are associated with PD. There is an increasing interest in both motor and non-motor symptoms in clinical studies on PD patients and laboratory research on animal models that imitate the pathophysiologic features and symptoms of PD patients. Therefore, appropriate behavioral assessments are extremely crucial for correctly understanding the mechanisms of PD and accurately evaluating the efficacy and safety of novel therapies. This article systematically reviews the behavioral assessments, for both motor and non-motor symptoms, in various animal models involved in current PD research. We addressed the strengths and weaknesses of these behavioral tests and their appropriate applications. Moreover, we discussed potential mechanisms behind these behavioral tests and cautioned readers against potential experimental bias. Since most of the behavioral assessments currently used for non-motor symptoms are not particularly designed for animals with PD, it is of the utmost importance to greatly improve experimental design and evaluation in PD research with animal models. Indeed, it is essential to develop specific assessments for non-motor symptoms in PD animals based on their characteristics. We concluded with a prospective view for behavioral assessments with real-time assessment with mobile internet and wearable device in future PD research. PMID:27026638

  19. Prioritizing Research to Reduce Youth Suicide and Suicidal Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Bridge, Jeffrey A.; Horowitz, Lisa M.; Fontanella, Cynthia A.; Grupp-Phelan, Jackie; Campo, John V.

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Action Alliance) is to reduce suicide and suicide attempts in the U.S. by 40% in the next decade. In this paper, a public health approach is applied to suicide prevention to illustrate how reductions in youth suicide and suicidal behavior might be achieved by prioritizing research in two areas: (1) increasing access to primary care–based behavioral health interventions for depressed youth; and (2) improving continuity of care fo...

  20. EXPLORATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS (EFA IN CONSUMER BEHAVIOR AND MARKETING RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Pascual Soler

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA is one of the most widely used statistical procedures in social research. The main objective of this work is to describe the most common practices used by researchers in the consumer behavior and marketing area. Through a literature review methodology the practices of AFE in five consumer behavior and marketing journals(2000-2010 were analyzed. Then, the choices made by the researchers concerning factor model, retention criteria, rotation, factors interpretation and other relevant issues to factor analysis were analized. The results suggest that researchers routinely conduct analyses using such questionable methods. Suggestions for improving the use of factor analysis and the reporting of results are presented and a checklist (Exploratory Factor Analysis Checklist, EFAC is provided to help editors, reviewers, and authors improve reporting exploratory factor analysis.

  1. STRESS AND BEHAVIOR RESEARCH IN ORGANIZATIONS FROM ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    ROMANESCU MARCEL LAURENTIU

    2014-01-01

    Interest in the status of individuals at the place of work and his relationship with his performances have triggered a series of research of industrial psychology. Stress causes specific organizational managers are generated by conflicts of role which they are seeking to harmonize during their work. Stress and problematic behavior in organizations has aroused interest of several discussions and research, representing a theme increasingly invoked by managers, employees and consultants, from di...

  2. Improving Breastfeeding Behaviors: Evidence from Two Decades of Intervention Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Cynthia P.

    This report summarizes research on interventions intended to improve four key breastfeeding behaviors: early initiation of breastfeeding, feeding of colostrum to newborns, exclusive breastfeeding for the first 0-6 months, and continued breastfeeding through the second year and beyond. It clarifies what is known about improving these practices in…

  3. Television Violence and Behavior: A Research Summary. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Marilyn E.

    This digest describes the overall pattern of the results of research on television violence and behavior. Several variables in the relationship between television violence and aggression related to characteristics of the viewers and to the portrayal of violence are identified. Viewer characteristics included: age, amount of television watched,…

  4. Efficacy, effectiveness, and behavior change trials in exercise research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Courneya Kerry S

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The widespread incorporation of behavioral support interventions into exercise trials has sometimes caused confusion concerning the primary purpose of a trial. The purpose of the present paper is to offer some conceptual and methodological distinctions among three types of exercise trials with a view towards improving their design, conduct, reporting, and interpretation. Discussion Exercise trials can be divided into "health outcome trials" or "behavior change trials" based on their primary outcome. Health outcome trials can be further divided into efficacy and effectiveness trials based on their potential for dissemination into practice. Exercise efficacy trials may achieve high levels of exercise adherence by supervising the exercise over a short intervention period ("traditional" exercise efficacy trials or by the adoption of an extensive behavioral support intervention designed to accommodate unsupervised exercise and/or an extended intervention period ("contemporary" exercise efficacy trials. Exercise effectiveness trials may emanate from the desire to test exercise interventions with proven efficacy ("traditional" exercise effectiveness trials or the desire to test behavioral support interventions with proven feasibility ("contemporary" exercise effectiveness trials. Efficacy, effectiveness, and behavior change trials often differ in terms of their primary and secondary outcomes, theoretical models adopted, selection of participants, nature of the exercise and comparison interventions, nature of the behavioral support intervention, sample size calculation, and interpretation of trial results. Summary Exercise researchers are encouraged to clarify the primary purpose of their trial to facilitate its design, conduct, and interpretation.

  5. New Methods to Measure Urban Environments for Consumer Behavior Research:

    OpenAIRE

    Appleyard, Bruce S.

    2010-01-01

    Until recently, data, technology, and practice have limited travel behavior research in its ability to uniquely capture individual-level details of urban environments. While previous studies have relied primarily on aggregate, zonal averages homogeneously attributed to unique individuals, this dissertation presents methods to more closely align measures of the urban environment with the individual as the unit of analysis. In short, disaggregated data for disaggregated analyses.Furthermore, pr...

  6. Rethinking the Research Paradigms for Analyzing Tax Compliance Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    James Alm; Erich Kirchler; Stephan Muehlbacher; Katharina Gangl; Eva Hofmann; Christoph Kogler; Maria Pollai

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we give our perspective on the different paradigms that have shaped – and seem likely to shape in the future – research in the field of tax compliance behavior. These research paradigms include viewing tax evasion as a decision under risk made by a single taxpayer, as a social dilemma in which there is a tension between individual interests (e.g., cheating on one's taxes) and collective goals (e.g., providing public goods), as a series of decisions made by many different typ...

  7. Behavior of Serbian Tourists During Economic Crisis: Two Empirical Researches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Najdić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourist’s behavior research is focused on understanding and explaining the factors that affect tourist’s preferences and holiday destination choice. In this paper is analyzed the impact of the global economic crisis on the preferences toward leisure travels of the residents from Serbia. The paper is based on researches conducted in 2006-2009, through travel agencies and in 2011 on the general population major of age with support of TNS Medium Gallupa. Better understanding of the perception process and how tourists react to certain factor can give more accurate information on the dynamics of tourism demand and its dependence on tourist’s perception.

  8. Challenges of Using the Internet for Behavioral Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loescher, Lois J.; Hibler, Elizabeth; Hiscox, Heather; Hla, Htay; Harris, Robin B.

    2016-01-01

    Using the Internet in behavioral research remains a challenge. We developed a video intervention and conducted a pilot study that was designed to deliver and test the intervention via the Internet. One aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using the Internet to both deliver the intervention and collect data from participants. This article summarizes procedures for delivering the intervention and survey via the Internet, obstacles encountered during delivery of the intervention and data collection, and lessons learned that can be applied to future research involving the Internet. PMID:21084974

  9. BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS AND THE NEED OF PSYCHOLOGY IN ECONOMIC RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea GRADINARU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The turning point in economic science has now come, marked especially by triggering the biggest crisis since the Great Depression of '29-'33, has called into question the need to reconsider the status of economic science and finding ways in which it can increase its practical foundations. In the elaboration of this study I’ve took into account the fact that beyond any abstract, formal and mathematical model, economics is a science, having the man in its center. Furthermore, every economic process is based on the human being. But the way individuals behave does not follow precisely the pattern predicted by classical and neoclassical models, but most of the time they are making decisions under the influence of psychological factors. Starting from these assumptions I considered important to highlight a real need for psychology in economic research. Therefore, the aim of this work is exclusively theoretical meant to show that the study of psychological factors is necessary in economic research, because it allows a better explanation of the economic problems and lead to obtaining results closer to reality than those who only take into consideration economic factors. In this way I appealed to behavioral economics. This represents a new trend of economic thinking that reunites psychology with economy. The thing that I observed after finishing the study is that behavioral economics can increase the explanatory power of economics by providing more realistic psychological bases, because human behavior is not only the subject matter of economics but psychology too.

  10. An empirical research of university students’ handset reading behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yihong; MAO

    2011-01-01

    The author carried out an investigative survey by way of random sampling college students’ handset reading behavior at 10 universities in Nanjing. It was hoped that through such an undertaking and accompanied it with a scientific analysis of the collected data, we may gain a better understanding about the present handset reading situation of Chinese college students in general and the characteristics of the students’ handset reading behavior such as their needs of handset reading, their access techniques to handset reading,and their level of sophistication of handset reading utilization, etc. in particular. Based on his research findings, the author concludes his paper with a calling to those handset reading service providers, such as university library administrators and library and information professionals to strive for further professional advancement for their handset based information service delivery operation.

  11. Reconceptualizing emetophobia: a cognitive-behavioral formulation and research agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boschen, Mark J

    2007-01-01

    Fear of vomiting (emetophobia) is a poorly understood anxiety disorder, with little research published into its conceptualization or treatment. The current article uses established cognitive and behavioral models of other anxiety disorders as a basis from which to propose a detailed model of emetophobia. The model proposes that emetophobia results from a constellation of factors including a general anxiety-vulnerability factor, a tendency to somatize anxiety as gastrointestinal distress, a tendency to catastrophically misappraise nausea and other gastrointestinal symptoms, hypervigilance to gastrointestinal cues, beliefs about the unacceptability of vomiting, negatively reinforced avoidance behavior, and selective confirmation biases. A formulation-based treatment package for emetophobia is outlined, including arousal management skills, distraction/attention training, exposure and cognitive restructuring. PMID:16890398

  12. The Research Comment on Organic Food Consumer Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin; WANG; Pengcheng; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Since the development of organic food,to a great extent,depends on the needs of consumers,the studies on the consumer behavior of organic food would have far-reaching significance to the development of the whole organic food industry. The recent studies in this field mainly include the following four aspects: the consumers’ recognition of organic food; the consumers’ attitude towards organic food; the consumers’ purchase of organic food; the consumers’ willingness to pay. The paper would review the recent domestic and foreign studies on the four aspects mentioned above,aiming to provide references to the researches in this field.

  13. Nurses’ Research Behavior and Barriers to Research Utilization Into Clinical Nursing Practice: a Closer Look

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efstratios Athanasakis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: It is widely accepted that utilization of the best-known research evidence in nursing practice entails improvement of nursing care received by patients and strengthening of nursing profession.Aim: The aim of this paper was the review of nurses’ research behavior and the barriers that nurses meet in order to utilize research evidence into clinical nursing practice.Methodology: There has been conducted a literature search in Pubmed and Science Direct libraries, using specific search terms. An important inclusion criterion for the studies was the use of barriers to research utilization scale (BRUS, along or combined with another instrument.Results: A total of 37 original papers included in the present article. A table of the top five barriers to research utilization scale has been conducted. Data from the table indicate that the existence of barriers to incorporation of evidence into practice comes mainly from clinical settings characteristics. In addition, issues about nursing education, nurses’ research and reading habits, facilitators of research utilization and their relevance for nursing staff and clinical practice are also discussed.Conclusions: Since the barriers to research utilization are well identified in the nursing literature and there is a wealth of information on this subject, the next step is to find ways to overcome them and value the impact of the relevant interventions towards research utilization behavior.

  14. Health Benefits of Animal Research: Medical and Behavioral Benefits from Primate Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Frederick A.; Yarbrough, Cathy J.

    1985-01-01

    Presents a sampling of the contributions of primate research to human health and welfare through discussions of: atherosclerosis; aging; endocrine and seasonality influences on reproductive behavior; emotional expression; communication; infectious diseases (viruses, polio, acquired immune deficiency syndrome-AIDS; and others); cancer; the brain;…

  15. Researches upon cavitation erosion behavior of some duplex steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordeasu, I.; Popoviciu, M. O.; Mitelea, I.; Micu, L. M.; Bordeasu, C.; Ghera, C.; Iosif, A.

    2016-02-01

    This paper presents the cavitation erosion behavior of two stainless steels having a duplex structure formed by austenite and ferrite. The conclusions were obtained by using both the cavitation erosion characteristic curves and the pictures of the eroded surfaces obtained with performing optic microscopes. The researches were focused upon the optimal correlation between the cavitation erosion resistance and the rate of the two structural constituents. The tests were done with T2 facility, with ceramic crystals, which integrally respects the ASTM G32-2010 Standard. The obtained results present the cumulative effect upon cavitation erosion of the chemical composition, mechanical properties and the structural constituents. The results of the researches are of importance for the specialists which establishes the composition of the stainless steels used for manufacturing hydraulic machineries or other devices subjected to cavitation erosion.

  16. Research on irradiation behavior of superhigh burnup fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the special team for LWR future technology development project was organized in Tokai Research Establishment from October, 1991 to the end of fiscal year 1993. Due to the delay of the introduction of fast reactors, LWRs are expected to be used for considerably long period also in 21st century, therefore, it aimed at the further advancement of LWRs, and as one of its embodiments, the concept of superhigh burnup fuel was investigated. The superhigh burnup fuel aims at the attainment of 100 GWd/t burnup, and it succeeded the achievement of the conceptual design study on 'superlong life LWRs'. It is generally recognized that the development of the new material that substitutes for zircaloy is indispensable for superhigh burnup fuel. The concept of superhigh burnup core and the specification of fuel, the research and development of superhigh burnup fuel, the research on the irradiation behavior and irradiation damage of fuel and the damage by ion irradiation, and the method and the results of the irradiation experiment using a tandem accelerator are reported. (K.I.)

  17. Research on irradiation behavior of superhigh burnup fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayashi, Kimio [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1995-03-01

    In Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the special team for LWR future technology development project was organized in Tokai Research Establishment from October, 1991 to the end of fiscal year 1993. Due to the delay of the introduction of fast reactors, LWRs are expected to be used for considerably long period also in 21st century, therefore, it aimed at the further advancement of LWRs, and as one of its embodiments, the concept of superhigh burnup fuel was investigated. The superhigh burnup fuel aims at the attainment of 100 GWd/t burnup, and it succeeded the achievement of the conceptual design study on `superlong life LWRs`. It is generally recognized that the development of the new material that substitutes for zircaloy is indispensable for superhigh burnup fuel. The concept of superhigh burnup core and the specification of fuel, the research and development of superhigh burnup fuel, the research on the irradiation behavior and irradiation damage of fuel and the damage by ion irradiation, and the method and the results of the irradiation experiment using a tandem accelerator are reported. (K.I.).

  18. 2010 Thin Film & Small Scale Mechanical Behavior Gordon Research Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. Thomas Balk

    2010-07-30

    Over the past decades, it has been well established that the mechanical behavior of materials changes when they are confined geometrically at least in one dimension to small scale. It is the aim of the 2010 Gordon Conference on 'Thin Film and Small Scale Mechanical Behavior' to discuss cutting-edge research on elastic, plastic and time-dependent deformation as well as degradation mechanisms like fracture, fatigue and wear at small scales. As in the past, the conference will benefit from contributions from fundamental studies of physical mechanisms linked to material science and engineering reaching towards application in modern applications ranging from optical and microelectronic devices and nano- or micro-electrical mechanical systems to devices for energy production and storage. The conference will feature entirely new testing methodologies and in situ measurements as well as recent progress in atomistic and micromechanical modeling. Particularly, emerging topics in the area of energy conversion and storage, such as material for batteries will be highlighted. The study of small-scale mechanical phenomena in systems related to energy production, conversion or storage offer an enticing opportunity to materials scientists, who can provide new insight and investigate these phenomena with methods that have not previously been exploited.

  19. Cognitive behavioral therapy: current status and future research directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMain, Shelley; Newman, Michelle G; Segal, Zindel V; DeRubeis, Robert J

    2015-01-01

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an umbrella term that includes a diverse group of treatments, is defined by a strong commitment to empiricism. While CBT has a robust empirical base, areas for improvement remain. This article reviews the status of the current empirical base and its limitations, and presents future directions for advancement of the field. Ultimately, studies are needed that will identify the predictors, mediators, and moderators of treatment response in order to increase knowledge on how to personalize interventions for each client and to strengthen the impact of CBT. Efforts to advance the dissemination and implementation of CBT, innovative approaches such as practice-oriented research, and the advantages of incorporating new and existing technologies, are discussed as well. PMID:25689506

  20. Human behavior research and the design of sustainable transport systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schauer, James J.

    2011-09-01

    reduced carbon emissions are central to the design and optimization of future low carbon transport systems. Gaker et al (2011) suggest a framework, and provide insight into the willingness of transport consumers to pay for emission reductions of carbon dioxide from their personal transport choices within the context of other attributes of transport variables. The results of this study, although limited to a small demographic segment of the US population, demonstrate that people can integrate information on greenhouse gas emissions with other transport attributes including cost and time. Likewise, the research shows that the study group was willing to pay for reduction in greenhouse gas emissions associated with their transport choices. The study examined auto purchase choice, transport mode choice and transport route choice, which represent key decisions associated with transport that impact greenhouse gas emissions. Interestingly, they found that the study group was willing to pay for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at a relatively consistent price across these transport choices. Clearly, the study results may not broadly apply to all demographics of users of transport, even in the study domain, due to the small demographic segment that was examined and the fact that the study was conducted in the laboratory. However, the methods used by Gaker et al (2011) are cause for optimism that future studies can obtain much needed mapping of transport preferences and willingness to pay for greenhouse gas emission reductions associated with personal transport choices. Although the Gaker et al (2011) study is directed at understanding the promotion of low carbon transport in the context of existing infrastructures, the ability of these studies to elucidate human behavior and preferences within the trade-offs of transport are critical to the design of future transport systems that seek to meet transport demand with constrained greenhouse gas emissions. Additional studies of

  1. Behavior-Analytic Research on Dementia in Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trahan, Maranda A.; Kahng, SungWoo; Fisher, Alyssa B.; Hausman, Nicole L.

    2011-01-01

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 adults aged 65 years and older have been diagnosed with dementia, which is associated with numerous behavioral excesses and deficits. Despite the publication of a special section of the "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis" ("JABA") on behavioral gerontology (Iwata, 1986), there continues to be a paucity of…

  2. Customer engagement behavior : Theoretical foundations and research directions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Doorn, J.; Lemon, K.N.; Mittal, V.; Nass, S.; Pick, D.; Pirner, P.; Verhoef, P.C.

    2010-01-01

    This article develops and discusses the concept of customer engagement behaviors (CEB), which we define as the customers' behavioral manifestation toward a brand or firm, beyond purchase, resulting from motivational drivers. CEBs include a vast array of behaviors including word-of-mouth (WOM) activi

  3. Review of The Principles and Applications of Decision Analysis and Behavioral Research

    OpenAIRE

    Breese, Jack

    1988-01-01

    This review examines two important works in decision analysis: Howard and Matheson's The Principles and Applications of Decision Analysis, and Winterfeldt and Edwards's "Decision Analysis and Behavioral Research.

  4. An Objective Comparison of Applied Behavior Analysis and Organizational Behavior Management Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culig, Kathryn M.; Dickinson, Alyce M.; McGee, Heather M.; Austin, John

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an objective review, analysis, and comparison of empirical studies targeting the behavior of adults published in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (JABA) and Journal of Organizational Behavior Management (JOBM) between 1997 and 2001. The purpose of the comparisons was to identify similarities and differences with respect to…

  5. How Do Researchers Define Self-Injurious Behavior?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matson, Johnny L.; Turygin, Nicole C.

    2012-01-01

    Self-injurious behavior is commonly observed among persons with intellectual disabilities. However, a second parallel use of this term is used in the general mental health field for self-mutilation. The authors describe these two disorders and how they differ. Characteristics of what we refer to as repetitive self-injurious behavior among persons…

  6. Behavioral Criteria in Research and the Study of Racism: Performing the Jackal Function (Part I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilliard, Asa G.; And Others

    This document presents a synthesis of research and theories used as background for a study designed to identify racist behaviors and to observe change in racist behaviors resulting from an intervention. The first chapter defines racism and discusses problems in creating a paradigm for the study of behavioral change. The second chapter contains a…

  7. Evolution of Research on Interventions for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Implications for Behavior Analysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tristram

    2012-01-01

    The extraordinary success of behavior-analytic interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has fueled the rapid growth of behavior analysis as a profession. One reason for this success is that for many years behavior analysts were virtually alone in conducting programmatic ASD intervention research. However, that era has…

  8. Behavioral science in video games for children's diet and physical activity change: Key research needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Innovative intervention programs are needed to overcome the limitations in previous programs that promoted change in diabetes risk behaviors in children. Serious video games show promise of changing dietary and physical activity behaviors, but research is needed on the optimal design of behavior-cha...

  9. Research topics in explosives - a look at explosives behaviors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The behaviors of explosives under many conditions - e.g., sensitivity to inadvertent reactions, explosion, detonation - are controlled by the chemical and physical properties of the explosive materials. Several properties are considered for a range of improvised and conventional explosives. Here I compare these properties across a wide range of explosives to develop an understanding of explosive behaviors. For improvised explosives, which are generally heterogeneous mixtures of ingredients, a range of studies is identified as needed to more fully understand their behavior and properties. For conventional explosives, which are generally comprised of crystalline explosive molecules held together with a binder, I identify key material properties that determine overall sensitivity, including the extremely safe behavior of Insensitive High Explosives, and discuss an approach to predicting the sensitivity or insensitivity of an explosive.

  10. NASA Human Research Program: Behavioral Health and Performance Program Element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leveton, Lauren B.

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the performance errors associated with sleep loss, fatigue and psychomotor factors during manned space flight. Short and long term behavioral health factors are also addressed

  11. Efficacy, effectiveness, and behavior change trials in exercise research

    OpenAIRE

    Courneya Kerry S

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The widespread incorporation of behavioral support interventions into exercise trials has sometimes caused confusion concerning the primary purpose of a trial. The purpose of the present paper is to offer some conceptual and methodological distinctions among three types of exercise trials with a view towards improving their design, conduct, reporting, and interpretation. Discussion Exercise trials can be divided into "health outcome trials" or "behavior change trials" base...

  12. Relevancy and Measurement of Religiosity in Consumer Behavior Research

    OpenAIRE

    Safiek Mokhlis

    2009-01-01

    Although culture and subcultural norms have been subjected to increased scrutiny in recent years as explanatory constructs for various dimensions of consumer behavior, religion as an element of culture has received only slight attention in the marketing literature. This study seeks to examine the influence of religiosity on one aspect of consumer behavior - shopping orientation. The findings revealed that three shopping orientation factors, namely quality consciousness, impulsive shopping and...

  13. Research on Driver Behavior in Yellow Interval at Signalized Intersections

    OpenAIRE

    Zhaosheng Yang; Xiujuan Tian; Wei Wang; Xiyang Zhou; Hongmei Liang

    2014-01-01

    Vehicles are often caught in dilemma zone when they approach signalized intersections in yellow interval. The existence of dilemma zone which is significantly influenced by driver behavior seriously affects the efficiency and safety of intersections. This paper proposes the driver behavior models in yellow interval by logistic regression and fuzzy decision tree modeling, respectively, based on camera image data. Vehicle’s speed and distance to stop line are considered in logistic regression m...

  14. Biomedical and Behavioral Research Scientists: Their Training and Supply. Volume 1: Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.

    This is the first of three volumes which presents the Committee on Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel's examination of the educational process that leads to doctoral degrees in biomedical and behavioral science (and to postdoctoral study in some cases) and the role of the National Research Service Awards (NRSA) training programs in it.…

  15. Using Single-Participant Research To Assess Counseling Approaches on Children's Off-Task Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarbrough, Jamie L.; Thompson, Charles L.

    2002-01-01

    Researches the efficacy of reality therapy and solution- focused brief counseling with elementary school students engaging in off-task behavior and demonstrates the utility of a single- participant design in conducting counseling research. Significant positive changes in the on-task behaviors of the students resulted from both approaches.…

  16. A Research on The Effect of Organizational Safety Climate Upon The Safe Behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between the organizational safety climate and the safety behaviors of the employees. It is been accepted by many researchers that unsafe employee behavior at work place is one of the primary determinants of occupational accidents. More recently researchers suggest that safe/unsafe behaviors of the employees are affected by certain organizational factors. Recent studies accept organizational safety climate as one these factors that affects safe/u...

  17. Building new computational models to support health behavior change and maintenance: new opportunities in behavioral research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Hekler, Eric; Saranummi, Niilo; Intille, Stephen; Korhonen, Ilkka; Nilsen, Wendy; Rivera, Daniel E; Spring, Bonnie; Michie, Susan; Asch, David A; Sanna, Alberto; Salcedo, Vicente Traver; Kukakfa, Rita; Pavel, Misha

    2015-09-01

    Adverse and suboptimal health behaviors and habits are responsible for approximately 40 % of preventable deaths, in addition to their unfavorable effects on quality of life and economics. Our current understanding of human behavior is largely based on static "snapshots" of human behavior, rather than ongoing, dynamic feedback loops of behavior in response to ever-changing biological, social, personal, and environmental states. This paper first discusses how new technologies (i.e., mobile sensors, smartphones, ubiquitous computing, and cloud-enabled processing/computing) and emerging systems modeling techniques enable the development of new, dynamic, and empirical models of human behavior that could facilitate just-in-time adaptive, scalable interventions. The paper then describes concrete steps to the creation of robust dynamic mathematical models of behavior including: (1) establishing "gold standard" measures, (2) the creation of a behavioral ontology for shared language and understanding tools that both enable dynamic theorizing across disciplines, (3) the development of data sharing resources, and (4) facilitating improved sharing of mathematical models and tools to support rapid aggregation of the models. We conclude with the discussion of what might be incorporated into a "knowledge commons," which could help to bring together these disparate activities into a unified system and structure for organizing knowledge about behavior. PMID:26327939

  18. An Empirical Research on the Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Counterproductive Work Behavior of Knowledge Employee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Zhi; YE Jin-fu; HU Qi-bo

    2015-01-01

    Based on the view of transformational leadership theory,the relationship between transformational leadership and the counterproductive work behavior of knowledge employee was researched.221 valid questionnaires were obtained through the survey.Hierarchical regression analysis results showed that the virtue was significantly negative related to all the six dimensions of knowledge employee counterproductive work behavior,the vision incentive was significantly negative related to five dimensions of the knowledge employee counterproductive behavior except conservative intellectual behavior,the charisma was significantly negative related to five dimensions of the knowledge employee counterproductive work behavior except passive obedience behavior,personalized care was significantly negative related to five dimensions of the knowledge employee counterproductive behavior except immoral behavior.In short,transformational leadership was negatively related to the knowledge employee counterproductive work behavior.

  19. Research on Driver Behavior in Yellow Interval at Signalized Intersections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaosheng Yang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vehicles are often caught in dilemma zone when they approach signalized intersections in yellow interval. The existence of dilemma zone which is significantly influenced by driver behavior seriously affects the efficiency and safety of intersections. This paper proposes the driver behavior models in yellow interval by logistic regression and fuzzy decision tree modeling, respectively, based on camera image data. Vehicle’s speed and distance to stop line are considered in logistic regression model, which also brings in a dummy variable to describe installation of countdown timer display. Fuzzy decision tree model is generated by FID3 algorithm whose heuristic information is fuzzy information entropy based on membership functions. This paper concludes that fuzzy decision tree is more accurate to describe driver behavior at signalized intersection than logistic regression model.

  20. The Behavioral Economics of Education: New Directions for Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbar, Huriya

    2011-01-01

    Over the past several decades, researchers have used economics to understand a number of issues in education policy. This article argues that some education researchers have defined economics too narrowly, neglecting several areas of economics research that cut across disciplinary boundaries. One subdiscipline of economics that might be of use in…

  1. Publication Trends Over 55 Years of Behavioral Genetic Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayorech, Ziada; Selzam, Saskia; Smith-Woolley, Emily; Knopik, Valerie S; Neiderhiser, Jenae M; DeFries, John C; Plomin, Robert

    2016-09-01

    We document the growth in published papers on behavioral genetics for 5-year intervals from 1960 through 2014. We used 1861 papers published in Behavior Genetics to train our search strategy which, when applied to Ovid PsychINFO, selected more than 45,000 publications. Five trends stand out: (1) the number of behavioral genetic publications has grown enormously; nearly 20,000 papers were published in 2010-2014. (2) The number of human quantitative genetic (QG) publications (e.g., twin and adoption studies) has steadily increased with more than 3000 papers published in 2010-2014. (3) The number of human molecular genetic (MG) publications increased substantially from about 2000 in 2000-2004 to 5000 in 2005-2009 to 9000 in 2010-2014. (4) Nonhuman publications yielded similar trends. (5) Although there has been exponential growth in MG publications, both human and nonhuman QG publications continue to grow. A searchable resource of this corpus of behavioral genetic papers is freely available online at http://www.teds.ac.uk/public_datasets.html and will be updated annually. PMID:26992731

  2. Some Methodological Considerations in Theory-Based Health Behavior Research

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Linda M.; MacKinnon, David P.; Reeve, Bryce B.

    2013-01-01

    As this special issue shows, much research in social and personality psychology is directly relevant to health psychology. In this brief commentary, we discuss three topics in research methodology that may be of interest to investigators involved in health-related psychological research. The first topic is statistical analysis of mediated and moderated effects. The second is measurement of latent constructs. The third is the Multiphase Optimization Strategy, a framework for translation of inn...

  3. Organizational Behavior in the Knowledge Based Society, a Practical Research in the Romanian Business Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Armenia ANDRONICEANU

    2011-01-01

    The paper contains the results of a special research developed by the author on the organizational behavior in some multinational companies with branches in Romania. This research is confirming the fact that the organizational behavior is very much influenced by the core organizational values and is answering to the questions about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations and why. The research demonstrated how the core values of an organization are influencing the organization...

  4. Temporal discounting: basic research and the analysis of socially important behavior.

    OpenAIRE

    Critchfield, T S; Kollins, S H

    2001-01-01

    Recent basic research on human temporal discounting is reviewed to illustrate procedures, summarize key findings, and draw parallels with both nonhuman animal research and conceptual writings on self-control. Lessons derived from this research are then applied to the challenge of analyzing socially important behaviors such as drug abuse, eating and exercise, and impulsiveness associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Attending to the broader temporal context in which behavior ...

  5. An Empirical Research on Consumers’ Purchasing Behavior of Virtual Products in SNS

    OpenAIRE

    Jie Gao

    2014-01-01

    Based on the research of Social Networking Sites (for short SNS), the study involves the trading of virtual product development status, collates and summarizes the research results in China and abroad on consumers buying behavior of virtual products. The researchers attempt to explore factors influencing consumers to buy SNS virtual products by using questionnaires to collect personal information of SNS customers. In addition, the Theory of Planned Behavior (for short TPB) has been selected a...

  6. Immersive Virtual Environment Technology: A Promising Tool for Future Social and Behavioral Genomics Research and Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Persky, Susan; McBride, Colleen M.

    2009-01-01

    Social and behavioral research needs to get started now if we are to direct genomic discoveries to address pressing public health problems. Advancing social and behavioral science will require innovative and rigorous communication methodologies that move us beyond reliance on traditional tools and their inherent limitations. One such emerging research tool is immersive virtual environment technology (aka: virtual reality), a methodology that gives researchers the ability to maintain high expe...

  7. NASA Human Research Program Behavioral Health and Performance Element (BHP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmire, Sandra; Faulk, Jeremy; Leveton, Lauren

    2010-01-01

    The goal of NASA BHP is to identify, characterize, and prevent or reduce behavioral health and performance risks associated with space travel, exploration, and return to terrestrial life. The NASA Behavioral Health and Performance Operations Group (BHP Ops) supports astronauts and their families before, during, and after a long-duration mission (LDM) on the ISS. BHP Ops provides ISS crews with services such as preflight training (e.g., psychological factors of LDM, psychological support, cross-cultural); preflight, in-flight, and postflight support services, including counseling for astronauts and their families; and psychological support such as regular care packages and a voice-over IP phone system between crew members and their families to facilitate real-time one-on-one communication.

  8. Methods to Measure Physical Activity Behaviors in Health Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzhugh, Eugene C.

    2015-01-01

    Regular physical activity (PA) is an important concept to measure in health education research. The health education researcher might need to measure physical activity because it is the primary measure of interest, or PA might be a confounding measure that needs to be controlled for in statistical analysis. The purpose of this commentary is to…

  9. A Critical Review of Online Consumer Behavior: Empirical Research

    OpenAIRE

    Christy M.K. Cheung; Gloria W.W. Chan; Moez Limayem

    2005-01-01

    Empirical research on online consumer theory has been examined under diverse contexts over the years. Although researchers from a variety of business disciplines have made significant progress over the past few years, the scope of these studies is rather broad, the studies appear relatively fragmented and no unifying theoretical framework is found in this area. In view of this, this study attempts to provide an exhaustive review of prior theoretical literature and to provide an integrative mo...

  10. Reflections on Two Decades of Research on Teen Sexual Behavior and Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Douglas

    1999-01-01

    Examines progress in the research on adolescent sexual behavior and pregnancy over the past 20 years, discussing advances in research methodology in five areas, advances in understanding teen pregnancy and finding solutions to problems in five areas, and two new research-based pillars for pregnancy prevention (sex- and HIV-education programs and…

  11. Research on the fracture behavior of PBX under static tension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Guo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The fracture behavior of polymer-bonded explosive (PBX seriously affects the safety and reliability of weapon system. The effects of interface debonding and initial meso-damage on the fracture behavior of PBX under quasi-static tension are studied using numerical method. A two-dimensional representative volume element (RVE is established based on Voronoi model in which the component contents could be regulated and the particles are randomly distributed. A nonlinear damage model of polymer matrix relative to matrix depth between particles is constructed. The results show that the simulated strain-stress relation is coincident with experiment data. It is found that interface debonding leads to the nucleation and propagation of meso-cracks, and a main crack approximately perpendicular to the loading direction is generated finally. The interface debonding tends to occur in the interface perpendicular to the loading direction. There seems to be a phenomenon that strain softening and hardening alternatively appear around peak stress of stress and strain curve. It is shown that the initial damages of intragranular and interfacial cracks both decrease the modulus and failure stress, and the main crack tends to propagate toward the initial meso-cracks.

  12. Cyberbullying Victimization and Behaviors Among Girls: Applying Research Findings in the Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia A. Snell

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Prior research on cyberbullying has been conducted; however specific research on gender differences has yet to be examined. The current study focuses on gender trends, specifically females, in cyberbullying victimization and behaviors. Approach: A survey was given to undergraduate students at Bridgewater State College in an effort to see what gender trends exist in cyberbullying behaviors. A pilot program focused on girls and cyberbullying is also examined in this article. Results: Preliminary results from both the survey and the pilot study have shown gender differences in regards to cyberbullying victimization and behaviors. Results suggest that females are more often involved in cyberbullying activities both as victims and perpetrators. Conclusion: The current study has found evidence of gender trends in regards to females and cyberbullying behaviors. Future research needs to be conducted to further examine the gender trends emerging in cyberbullying related behaviors."

  13. The Relationship between Spiritual Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Research on School Principals' Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the relationship between Spiritual Leadership and the dimensions of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB) of school principals from the perspectives of primary school teachers. A quantitative survey was performed on a sample of teachers (N = 383) from primary schools to study the influence of spiritual leadership…

  14. L -Tryptophan: Basic Metabolic Functions, Behavioral Research and Therapeutic Indications

    OpenAIRE

    Richard, Dawn M.; Dawes, Michael A.; Mathias, Charles W.; Ashley Acheson; Nathalie Hill-Kapturczak; Dougherty, Donald M.

    2009-01-01

    An essential component of the human diet, L-tryptophan is critical in a number of metabolic functions and has been widely used in numerous research and clinical trials. This review provides a brief overview of the role of L-tryptophan in protein synthesis and a number of other metabolic functions. With emphasis on L-tryptophan’s role in synthesis of brain serotonin, details are provided on the research uses of L-tryptophan, particularly L-tryptophan depletion, and on clinical trials that have...

  15. Academic Engagement of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Existing Research, Issues, and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hendawi, Maha

    2012-01-01

    Academic engagement is a multidimensional construct that is gaining increasing attention in education as a means of promoting positive academic and social behavior outcomes for diverse learners across all levels of education. However, this review revealed that research on academic engagement of students with emotional and behavioral disorders…

  16. Design of Digital Learning Material on Social-Psychological Theories for Nutrition Behavior Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busstra, Maria C.; De Graaf, Cees; Hartog, Rob

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of digital learning material on the social--psychological Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and its use in nutrition behavior research. The design is based on guidelines derived from theories on instructional design. The major component of the design challenge is to implement three…

  17. Design of digital learning material on social-psychological theories for nutrition behavior research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Busstra, M.C.; Graaf, de C.; Hartog, R.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of digital learning material on the social--psychological Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and its use in nutrition behavior research. The design is based on guidelines derived from theories on instructional design. The major component

  18. The Application of SEM to Behavioral Research in Oncology: Past Accomplishments and Future Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnoll, Robert A.; Fang, Carolyn Y.; Manne, Sharon L.

    2004-01-01

    The past decade has seen a tremendous growth in the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) to address research questions in 2 subfields of behavioral science: cancer prevention and control (e.g., determinants of cancer screening adherence) and behavioral oncology (e.g., determinants of psychosocial adjustment among cancer patients or…

  19. Research Review: A Critical Review of Studies on the Developmental Trajectories of Antisocial Behavior in Females

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Nathalie; Carbonneau, Rene; Vitaro, Frank; Barker, Edward D.; Tremblay, Richard E.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Knowledge on the onset and the development of antisocial behavior in females is limited, because most of the research in this domain is based on males. Methods: We critically reviewed 46 empirical studies that examined developmental trajectories of antisocial behavior in females, notably to help determine whether or not an…

  20. Research on Personalized Behaviors Recommendation System Based on Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Dai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Data scale becomes a bottleneck in user behaviors analysis, many data mining algorithms become Inefficient slow in this circumstances. This paper explores an effective approach to mine latent knowledge in large scale data, which combines the basal principles of association rules, MapReduce model and Hbase database. First, general principles and algorithm of association rules are given. Second, the work mechanism and traits of MapReduce model and HBase are introduced. Finally, it gives detailed design methods that how to combine the basal principles of association rules, MapReduce model and Hbase database. Sufficient experiments prove that the processing velocity of parallel approach nearly decuple unparallel approach’s. Therefore, the approach combined association-rule and cloud computing is a successful and valuable exploration.

  1. Shared Learning: Feminist Student Research on Household Reuse Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medley, Kimberly E.; Zhou, Ying; Condon, Darcy

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes collaborative student research on waste management that first compiled home interviews with women professors in Oxford, Ohio, USA, and Beijing, China, on household reuse for a graduate thesis and then communicated the findings in a handbook for undergraduate students. The women participants described diverse household reuse…

  2. An Affective Events Model of Charismatic Leadership Behavior : A Review, Theoretical Integration, and Research Agenda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walter, Frank; Bruch, Heike

    2009-01-01

    Although research has long focused on the consequences of leaders' charismatic behavior, the antecedents of such leadership are increasingly gaining scholarly attention. Nevertheless, the antecedent-oriented literature on charismatic leadership has been fragmented to date and lacks theoretical integ

  3. Center for Behavioral Neuroscience: a prototype multi-institutional collaborative research center

    OpenAIRE

    Powell, Kelly R; Albers, H. Elliott

    2006-01-01

    The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience was launched in the fall of 1999 with support from the National Science Foundation, the Georgia Research Alliance, and our eight participating institutions (Georgia State University, Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Clark-Atlanta University, Spelman College, Morehouse College, Morris Brown College). The CBN provides the resources to foster innovative research in behavioral neuroscience, with a specific focu...

  4. Current research on the influence of establishing operations on behavior in applied settings.

    OpenAIRE

    Iwata, B A; Smith, R G; Michael, J

    2000-01-01

    This article provides commentary on research published in the special section of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis devoted to establishing operations (EOs). Three major themes are highlighted: (a) identification of the influence of EOs on behavior in applied settings, (b) the use of EO manipulation as an assessment tool, and (c) the development of interventions based on the alteration of EO influences. Methodological issues pertaining to research on EOs are addressed, and suggestions f...

  5. Addiction treatment outcomes, process, and change: Texas Institute of Behavioral Research at TCU

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson, D Dwayne; Joe, George W.; Dansereau, Donald F.; Flynn, Patrick M.

    2010-01-01

    For over 40 years the Texas Institute of Behavioral Research (IBR) has given special attention to assessment and evaluation of drug user populations, addiction treatment services, and various cognitive and behavioral interventions. Emphasis has been on studies in real-world settings and the use of multivariate methodologies to address evaluation issues within the context of longitudinal natural designs. Historically, its program of addiction treatment research may be divided into three sequen...

  6. The use of mixed methods research in the behavioral sciences field

    OpenAIRE

    López-Fernández, Olatz; Molina Azorín, José Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Mixed methods research involves the combined use of quantitative and qualitative methods in the same research study, and it is becoming increasingly important in several scientific areas. The aim of this paper is to review and compare through a mixed methods multiple-case study the application of this methodology in three reputable behavioural science journals: the Journal of Organizational Behavior, Addictive Behaviors and Psicothema. A quantitative analysis was carried out to review all the...

  7. Cyberbullying Victimization and Behaviors Among Girls: Applying Research Findings in the Field

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia A. Snell; Elizabeth K. Englander

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: Prior research on cyberbullying has been conducted; however specific research on gender differences has yet to be examined. The current study focuses on gender trends, specifically females, in cyberbullying victimization and behaviors. Approach: A survey was given to undergraduate students at Bridgewater State College in an effort to see what gender trends exist in cyberbullying behaviors. A pilot program focused on girls and cyberbullying is also examined in this article. ...

  8. Historical Origins of Information Behavior Research by Reference Publication Year Spectroscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Faramarz Soheili; Ali Akbar Khasseh

    2015-01-01

    Background: Using a quantitative method named reference publication year spectroscopy (RPYS), this research tried to determine the historical roots of information behavior research. RPYS pave the way for determining the significant years and works in information behavior. Methodology: Using scientometric method, the initial data of this study, have been extracted from the Web of Science. Using RPYS software, the revised data were analyzed and visualized in Excel. Finding: The distribution of ...

  9. Wastes behavior and environmental impacts, researches and methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The wastes management policy takes into account more and more often the environmental impacts mastership. This evolution is particularly appreciable when the wastes directly interact with the environment: storage, utilization for roads construction and so on. In this context the ADEME organized the 8 june 2000 a colloquium to present the new evaluation methods and tools, to describe the regulations and to identify the research programs needed for this environmental policy. Eleven papers are presented. (A.L.B.)

  10. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR BY OPTICAL RED WINE MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Roxana STOIAN

    2014-01-01

    Study exhaustive wine area is a frequently researched topic since the beginning of 2000 when it comes to legislative bases for wine and wine products. Among the considerations that led to its choice of study include: Romania considerable resources in terms of agricultural area, and especially the wine (mention here the existence of eight wine regions, vineyards and a hundred thirty seven) support and attention given to the legislative branch of Romanian wine (by law 244/2002-Legea vineyard an...

  11. German Market Analysis: Tourist Behavior Research: case Rock and Lake

    OpenAIRE

    Koppalova, Nadezhda

    2014-01-01

    The research problem of this thesis was to identify a potential tourist market segment in Germany for the Finnish company Rock and Lake which provides accommodation and activities. The main objectives of this work were to identify the current trends of a German travel market in selecting vacation destinations, study the attitude of German tourists towards different types of vacations and holiday parameters, analyze German tourist market segmentation and analyze “Rock and Lake’...

  12. The physical model for research of behavior of grouting mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajovsky, Radovan; Pies, Martin; Lossmann, Jaroslav

    2016-06-01

    The paper deals with description of physical model designed for verification of behavior of grouting mixtures when applied below underground water level. Described physical model has been set up to determine propagation of grouting mixture in a given environment. Extension of grouting in this environment is based on measurement of humidity and temperature with the use of combined sensors located within preinstalled special measurement probes around grouting needle. Humidity was measured by combined capacity sensor DTH-1010, temperature was gathered by a NTC thermistor. Humidity sensors measured time when grouting mixture reached sensor location point. NTC thermistors measured temperature changes in time starting from initial of injection. This helped to develop 3D map showing the distribution of grouting mixture through the environment. Accomplishment of this particular measurement was carried out by a designed primary measurement module capable of connecting 4 humidity and temperature sensors. This module also takes care of converting these physical signals into unified analogue signals consequently brought to the input terminals of analogue input of programmable automation controller (PAC) WinPAC-8441. This controller ensures the measurement itself, archiving and visualization of all data. Detail description of a complex measurement system and evaluation in form of 3D animations and graphs is supposed to be in a full paper.

  13. The dimension of adaptive behavior in mental retardation research: an analysis of recent practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J D; Polloway, E A

    1979-09-01

    The dimension of adaptive behavior has been accepted by many professionals as an important component of identification in mental retardation since the definitions of Heber (1961) and Grossman (1973). In order to investigate the impact of this more comprehensive concept of mental retardation on research practices, we analyzed the use of adaptive behavior in the selection and description of subjects. This investigation was based in research articles published in the Americal Journal of Mental Deficiency from 1974 through 1978. In a significant percentage of the articles reviewed, the researchers had not attended to adaptive behavior and used only measures of intellectual functioning for descriptive purposes. These results were discussed in light of the validity of research on mental retardation. Recommendations were included for future research practices. PMID:495669

  14. Research of electrochemistry behavior of slower for nuclear steam generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Corrosion of construction material in high temperature water is one of the important problems of nuclear reactor. Lately research shows that TiO2 inhabiting species can alleviate local corrosion, such as stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and intergranular attack (IGA) of steam generator tubes, and thus prolong the life of SG tube. This paper has studied the corrosion potentials and polarization carve of steel stainless in caustic solution with TiO2 inhabiting species, and it shows that TiO2 have positive effect. (authors)

  15. Challenge in Sharing Tacit Knowledge: Academicians’ Behavior towards Developing A Web Portal for Sharing Research Ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiza Adenan

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Academicians’ collective memories soft information, such as research ideas, expertise, experiences, academic skills, know-what, know-how and know-why which inevitability it is considered should made accessible. The Higher Education Institution needs to identify, collect, classify, verbalize and diffuse the academicians’ soft information specifically research ideas present in the university for knowledge enrichment. This can be implemented by the academicians actively sharing their research ideas with others. Actively sharing research ideas by academicians will have great impact on the enrichment of their intellectual capability as most of the valuable knowledge resides in one’s brain. However, as there is no specific medium to bring their research ideas into the surface and be visible to others, the precious research ideas still remain in the academicians’ brains. Therefore, the objective of the study is to explore academicians’ behavior toward the development of a sharing research ideas web portal at private university colleges in Malaysia. This study used the qualitative method that is a multiple cases study. The study refers to four private university colleges in Malaysia. In-depth interview, focus group discussion and document analysis were formed the data collection for this study. The theory of Planned Behavior by Ajzen (1991 was used to determine academicians’ behavior. This study showed that the academicians’ attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control towards developing a web portal for sharing research ideas all affect their intention to share their research ideas with others.

  16. A Bibliometric Analysis of Research on the Behavior Therapy in China and Its Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵山明; 能昌华; 吴汉荣

    2003-01-01

    To get formed of the status of research and application of the domestic behavior therapy and its development trend, the time distribution and the subject distribution were bibliometricallly analyzed of the literature on behavior therapy from 1981 to 2000 in the CBMdisc. Our results showed that the number of literature of behavior therapy has been increasing in exponential manner over the past 20 years; the behavior modification, the biofeedback and the cognitive therapy are extensively used in China. In clinical practice, the behavior modification and the biofeedback have been applied in all departments of medical institutions, especially for treating the cardiovascular and the neurological conditions. The cognitive therapy has been employed mainly for the treatment of mental disorders (or dysphrenia), the aversive therapy mainly for material withdrawal, and the systematic desensitization for phobia. There was no report found on the clinical use of meditation. It is concluded that the study and application in behavior therapy in China is currently developing very fast.

  17. Recruiting young adult cancer survivors for behavioral research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabin, Carolyn; Horowitz, Santina; Marcus, Bess

    2013-03-01

    Young adults have been dramatically underrepresented in cancer survivorship research. One contributing factor is the difficulty recruiting this population. To identify effective recruitment strategies, the current study assessed the yield of strategies used to recruit young survivors for an exercise intervention including: clinic-based recruitment, recruitment at cancer-related events, mailings, telephone-based recruitment, advertising on the internet, radio, television and social networking media, distributing brochures and word-of-mouth referrals. When taking into account the strategies for which we could track the number of survivors approached, recruitment at an oncology clinic was the most productive: 38 % of those approached were screened and 8 % enrolled. When evaluating which strategy yielded the greatest percentage of the sample, however, mailings were the most productive. Given widespread use of the internet and social networking by young adults, investigators should also consider these low-cost recruitment strategies. PMID:22810954

  18. QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR BY OPTICAL RED WINE MARKETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana STOIAN

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Study exhaustive wine area is a frequently researched topic since the beginning of 2000 when it comes to legislative bases for wine and wine products. Among the considerations that led to its choice of study include: Romania considerable resources in terms of agricultural area, and especially the wine (mention here the existence of eight wine regions, vineyards and a hundred thirty seven support and attention given to the legislative branch of Romanian wine (by law 244/2002-Legea vineyard and wine, and the European and not least history as a wine producing country with Spain, Italy and France. The paper aims to determine whether or not a situation determinant of marketing in red wine consumption by analyzing questionnaire responses developed.

  19. Counseling and the Bystander-Equity Model of Supervisory Helping Behavior: Directions for EAP Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstein, Lawrence H.; Bayer, Gregory A.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses contribution of Bystander-Equity Model of Supervisory Helping Behavior to pursuit of employee assistance program (EAP) research based on traditions of field of counseling. Offers structure for pursuing empirical and applied activities in EAP settings. Encourages counseling researchers and practitioners to respond to challenge of working…

  20. Are LGBT populations at a higher risk for suicidal behaviors in Australia? Research findings and implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skerrett, Delaney M; Kõlves, Kairi; De Leo, Diego

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to review the Australian literature about suicidality in minority sexual identity and/or behavior groups in order to determine the evidence base for their reported higher vulnerability to suicidal behaviors than heterosexual and non-transgendered individuals in the Australian context, as well as to identify the factors that are predictive of suicidal behaviors in these groups in Australia. A literature search for all available years (until the end of 2012) was conducted using the databases Scopus, Medline, and Proquest for articles published in English in peer-reviewed academic journals. All peer-reviewed publications that provided empirical evidence for prevalence and predictive factors of suicidal behaviors among LGBT individuals (or a subset thereof) in Australia were included. Reference lists were also scrutinized to identify "gray" literature for inclusion. The results revealed that there is only limited research from Australia. Nevertheless, although no population-based studies have been published, research indicates that sexual minorities are indeed at a higher risk for suicidal behaviors. In order to further the understanding of suicidal behaviors and potential prevention among LGBT groups in the Australia, further research is needed, particularly on fatal suicidal behaviors. PMID:25569508

  1. An Empirical Research on Consumers’ Purchasing Behavior of Virtual Products in SNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Gao

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Based on the research of Social Networking Sites (for short SNS, the study involves the trading of virtual product development status, collates and summarizes the research results in China and abroad on consumers buying behavior of virtual products. The researchers attempt to explore factors influencing consumers to buy SNS virtual products by using questionnaires to collect personal information of SNS customers. In addition, the Theory of Planned Behavior (for short TPB has been selected as theoretical model and the empirical analysis uses structural equation modeling method to analyze the factors affecting several different groups of users of SNS who will be the consumers or potential consumers of virtual products. The findings are as follows: (1 the passionate export-oriented consumer attitudes towards virtual product of SNS will clearly and directly affect the type of the Behavioral Intention (for short BI of buyers of virtual products; the perceived behavioral control can even directly affect the final actual purchase behavior. (2 The Subjective Norm (for short SN of traditional inward-oriented consumers has a significant impact on virtual product purchase behavior and will also directly affect the final purchase behavior. (3 The SNS under self-supporting consumers on virtual product attitudes and purchasing attitudes of virtual products mainly affected their BI.

  2. Quantifying Equid Behavior - A Research Ethogram for Free-Roaming Feral Horses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ransom, Jason I.; Cade, Brian S.

    2009-01-01

    Feral horses (Equus caballus) are globally distributed in free-roaming populations on all continents except Antarctica and occupy a wide range of habitats including forest, grassland, desert, and montane environments. The largest populations occur in Australia and North America and have been the subject of scientific study for decades, yet guidelines and ethograms for feral horse behavioral research are largely absent in the scientific literature. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Fort Collins Science Center conducted research on the influences of the immunocontraceptive porcine zona pellucida (PZP) on feral horse behavior from 2003-2006 in three discrete populations in the American west. These populations were the Little Book Cliffs Wild Horse Range in Colorado, McCullough Peaks Herd Management Area in Wyoming, and Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range in Montana; the research effort included over 1,800 hours of behavioral observations of 317 adult free-roaming feral horses. An ethogram was developed during the course of this study to facilitate accurate scientific data collection on feral horse behavior, which is often challenging to quantify. By developing this set of discrete behavioral definitions and a set of strict research protocols, scientists were better able to address both applied questions, such as behavioral changes related to fertility control, and theoretical questions, such as understanding networks and dominance hierarchies within social groups of equids.

  3. Immersive Virtual Environment Technology to Supplement Environmental Perception, Preference and Behavior Research: A Review with Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Jordan W. Smith

    2015-01-01

    Immersive virtual environment (IVE) technology offers a wide range of potential benefits to research focused on understanding how individuals perceive and respond to built and natural environments. In an effort to broaden awareness and use of IVE technology in perception, preference and behavior research, this review paper describes how IVE technology can be used to complement more traditional methods commonly applied in public health research. The paper also describes a relatively simple wor...

  4. Making the case for change: What researchers need to consider when designing behavior change interventions aimed at improving medication dispensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadogan, Cathal A; Ryan, Cristín; Hughes, Carmel

    2016-01-01

    There is a growing emphasis on behavior change in intervention development programmes aimed at improving public health and healthcare professionals' practice. A number of frameworks and methodological tools have been established to assist researchers in developing interventions seeking to change healthcare professionals' behaviors. The key features of behavior change intervention design involve specifying the target group (i.e. healthcare professional or patient cohort), the target behavior and identifying mediators (i.e. barriers and facilitators) of behavior change. Once the target behavior is clearly specified and understood, specific behavior change techniques can then be used as the basis of the intervention to target identified mediators of behavior change. This commentary outlines the challenges for pharmacy practice-based researchers in targeting dispensing as a behavior when developing behavior change interventions aimed at pharmacists and proposes a definition of dispensing to consider in future research. PMID:25936272

  5. Advanced separation and transmutation, long dated behavior of vitrified wastes: 15 years of scientific researches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the results after 15 years of researches at the Cea, concerning the separation and transmutation of radioactive wastes and the conditioning and the long time storage of wastes at the surface. These researches were asked in the framework of the Bataille law. The first part devoted to the transmutation and separation of ling life radioactive elements presents the challenges, the advanced separation, the transmutation and the evaluation of the researches. The second part devoted to the long dated storage discusses the high activity wastes vitrification, the behavior of the vitrified wastes packages after thousand years, the international researches and the evaluation of the researches. (A.L.B.)

  6. The Antecedents of Extra - Role Organizational Behaviors: A Qualitative Research on Soldier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Murat Alparslan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to reveal the antecedents of extra-role behaviors carried out by the soldiers, who serve in the army without having any financial expectation and have to stay in the barracks due to their compulsory military service. For this purpose, an exploratory research was conducted, in which the detailed interview method was applied on 14 soldiers, who had a certificate of appreciation from their commanders and said to exhibit extra-role behaviors by their commanders. The findings have indicated that exhibited extra-role behaviors were highly related with friendship. Other behaviors are tasks in company, training other soldiers, learning new things, and using the knowledge and skills from civil life in army. When the reasons of these behaviors are examined in detail, it can be seen that the most important factor is friendship, followed by personality, being liked and esteemed by commanders, reciprocity, institute’s success and patriotism

  7. The ENDORSE study: Research into environmental determinants of obesity related behaviors in Rotterdam schoolchildren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Looij-Jansen Petra

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Children and adolescents are important target groups for prevention of overweight and obesity as overweight is often developed early in life and tracks into adulthood. Research into behaviors related to overweight (energy balance-related behaviors and the personal and environmental determinants of these behaviors is fundamental to inform prevention interventions. In the Netherlands and in other countries systematic research into environmental determinants of energy balance related behaviors in younger adolescents is largely lacking. This protocol paper describes the design, the components and the methods of the ENDORSE study (Environmental Determinants of Obesity in Rotterdam SchoolchildrEn, that aims to identify important individual and environmental determinants of behaviors related to overweight and obesity and the interactions between these determinants among adolescents. Methods The ENDORSE study is a longitudinal study with a two-year follow-up of a cohort of adolescents aged 12–15 years. Data will be collected at baseline (2005/2006 and at two years follow-up (2007/2008. Outcome measures are body mass index (BMI, waist circumference, time spent in physical activity and sedentary behaviors, and soft drink, snack and breakfast consumption. The ENDORSE study consists of two phases, first employing qualitative research methods to inform the development of a theoretical framework to examine important energy balance related behaviors and their determinants, and to inform questionnaire development. Subsequently, the hypothetical relationships between behavioral determinants, energy balance related behaviors and BMI will be tested in a quantitative study combining school-based surveys and measurements of anthropometrical characteristics at baseline and two-year follow-up. Discussion The ENDORSE project is a comprehensive longitudinal study that enables investigation of specific environmental and individual determinants of

  8. Ethical Issues Associated with the Use of Animal Experimentation in Behavioral Neuroscience Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ohl, Frauke; Meijboom, Franck

    2015-01-01

    This chapter briefly explores whether there are distinct characteristics in the field of Behavioral Neuroscience that demand specific ethical reflection. We argue that although the ethical issues in animal-based Behavioral Neuroscience are not necessarily distinct from those in other research disciplines using animal experimentation, this field of endeavor makes a number of specific, ethically relevant, questions more explicit and, as a result, may expose to discussion a series of ethical iss...

  9. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-based Chinese Resident Best Fitness Behavior Method Research

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Lan

    2015-01-01

    With explosive development in Chinese economy and science and technology, people’s pursuit of health becomes more and more intense, therefore Chinese resident sports fitness activities have been rapidly developed. However, different fitness events popularity degrees and effects on body energy consumption are different, so bases on this, the paper researches on fitness behaviors and gets Chinese residents sports fitness behaviors exercise guide, which provides guidance for propelling to nation...

  10. On the Importance of Comparative Research for the Understanding of Human Behavior and Development: A Reply to Gottlieb & Lickliter (2004)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maestripieri, Dario

    2005-01-01

    Comparative behavioral research is important for a number of reasons and can contribute to the understanding of human behavior and development in many different ways. Research with animal models of human behavior and development can be a source not only of general principles and testable hypotheses but also of empirical information that may be…

  11. Ethical issues associated with the use of animal experimentation in behavioral neuroscience research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohl, Frauke; Meijboom, Franck

    2015-01-01

    This chapter briefly explores whether there are distinct characteristics in the field of Behavioral Neuroscience that demand specific ethical reflection. We argue that although the ethical issues in animal-based Behavioral Neuroscience are not necessarily distinct from those in other research disciplines using animal experimentation, this field of endeavor makes a number of specific, ethically relevant, questions more explicit and, as a result, may expose to discussion a series of ethical issues that have relevance beyond this field of science. We suggest that innovative research, by its very definition, demands out-of-the-box thinking. At the same time, standardization of animal models and test procedures for the sake of comparability across experiments inhibits the potential and willingness to leave well-established tracks of thinking, and leaves us wondering how open minded research is and whether it is the researcher's established perspective that drives the research rather than the research that drives the researcher's perspective. The chapter finishes by introducing subsequent chapters of this book volume on Ethical Issues in Behavioral Neuroscience. PMID:25023419

  12. An initial study of information seeking behavior of researchers as faculty/student team members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dehua; HU; Juan; ZHANG; Dan; CHE; Aijing; LUO

    2014-01-01

    Purpose:This study was carried out to uncover the characteristics of information seeking behavior of researchers as faculty/student team members.Design/methodology/approach:An inventory encompassing 6 dimensions of information seeking behavior was developed:Information awareness,information acquisition,information evaluation,information organization and management,information utilization and information ethics.Data was collected on 306 respondents from 52 faculty/student teams in Central South University in China and analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software.Findings:Significant differences were found among researchers with different genders in information awareness and in different academic disciplines in information acquisition and information utilization.The survey shows the characteristics of information seeking behavior of different gender groups and different teams:1) male participants got higher scores in all of the 6 dimensions of information seeking behavior;2) small teams performed best,followed by middle-sized teams and large teams;3) faculty/doctoral student teams possessed better information seeking skills than faculty/master’s student teams or faculty/doctoral and master’s student teams:4) medical teams achieved the highest level in all of the 6 dimensions of information seeking behavior,whereas natural science teams the lowest level.Medical and engineering teams were rated higher than other teams in information acquisition and information utilization.Research limitations:The small population size and doctoral students accounting for only a small portion of the respondents in the sample limit the generalization of our findings.Practical implications:The findings of this study have some implications for research and practice,especially for educational institutions,library science and information literacy training.Originality/value:This paper is the first to describe and analyze the characteristics of information seeking behavior of researchers as faculty

  13. A tracking system for laboratory mice to support medical researchers in behavioral analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macrì, S; Mainetti, L; Patrono, L; Pieretti, S; Secco, A; Sergi, I

    2015-08-01

    The behavioral analysis of laboratory mice plays a key role in several medical and scientific research areas, such as biology, toxicology, pharmacology, and so on. Important information on mice behavior and their reaction to a particular stimulus is deduced from a careful analysis of their movements. Moreover, behavioral analysis of genetically modified mice allows obtaining important information about particular genes, phenotypes or drug effects. The techniques commonly adopted to support such analysis have many limitations, which make the related systems particularly ineffective. Currently, the engineering community is working to explore innovative identification and sensing technologies to develop new tracking systems able to guarantee benefits to animals' behavior analysis. This work presents a tracking solution based on passive Radio Frequency Identification Technology (RFID) in Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band. Much emphasis is given to the software component of the system, based on a Web-oriented solution, able to process the raw tracking data coming from a hardware system, and offer 2D and 3D tracking information as well as reports and dashboards about mice behavior. The system has been widely tested using laboratory mice and compared with an automated video-tracking software (i.e., EthoVision). The obtained results have demonstrated the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed solution, which is able to correctly detect the events occurring in the animals' cage, and to offer a complete and user-friendly tool to support researchers in behavioral analysis of laboratory mice. PMID:26737401

  14. Prevention Tools and Clinical Research in the Field of Dependent Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Bartsalkina V.V.; Florova N.B.

    2015-01-01

    The review discusses the relevance of analyses of some global and in-depth theoretical and practical innovations for research of addictive/dependent behavior. It gives ground for the necessity of elaboration of independent analytical research and expansion of information retrieval alongside with differentiation of publications on scientific and practical activities and provision of education as spheres of influence. The article presents the latest trends in search of tools for preventive and ...

  15. Avian brood parasitism——a growing research area in behavioral ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eivin; RSKAFT; Wei; LIANG; Brd; G.STOKKE

    2012-01-01

    正We are pleased to be responsible guest editors for the two special issues of Chinese Birds(Vol.3,No.4,2012 and Vol.4,No.1,2013),entitled "Avian Brood Parasitism — a Growing Research Area in Behavioral Ecology".The goal of the two special issues is to publish accumulated knowledge and some of the recent developments in the fascinating research occurring in avian

  16. Mapping recent information behavior research: an analysis of co-authorship and cocitation networks

    OpenAIRE

    González Teruel, Aurora; González Alcaide, Gregorio; Barrios, Maite; Abad García, María Francisca

    2015-01-01

    There has been an increase in research published on information behavior in recent years, and this has been accompanied by an increase in its diversity and interaction with other fields, particularly information retrieval (HR). The aims of this study are to determine which researchers have contributed to producing the current body of knowledge on this subject, and to describe its intellectual basis. A bibliometric and network analysis was applied to authorship and co-authorship as well as cit...

  17. Risk-taking attitudes and behaviors among military personnel in dangerous contexts. A categorized research bibliography

    OpenAIRE

    Sookermany, Anders McD; Sand, Trond Svela; Breivik, Gunnar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this edition of Moving Soldiers is to present a categorized overview of research related to risk-taking attitudes and behaviors in military contexts. The bibliography is grounded in a larger project – “Learning under Risk” – which has been launched to increase the knowledge about risk and its meaning for military performance. In order to gain an overview of previous research in this field, it is necessary to uncover the current knowledge status. Thus, what is re...

  18. Structured evaluation of rodent behavioral tests used in drug discovery research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders eHånell

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A large variety of rodent behavioral tests are currently being used to evaluate traits such as sensory-motor function, social interactions, anxiety-like and depressive-like behavior, substance dependence and various forms of cognitive function. Most behavioral tests have an inherent complexity, and their use requires consideration of several aspects such as the source of motivation in the test, the interaction between experimenter and animal, sources of variability, the sensory modality required by the animal to solve the task as well as costs and required work effort. Of particular importance is a test’s validity because of its influence on the chance of successful translation of preclinical results to clinical settings. High validity may, however, have to be balanced against practical constraints and there are no behavioral tests with optimal characteristics. The design and development of new behavioral tests is therefore an ongoing effort and there are now well over one hundred tests described in the contemporary literature. Some of them are well established following extensive use, while others are novel and still unproven. The task of choosing a behavioral test for a particular project may therefore be daunting and the aim of the present review is to provide a structured way to evaluate rodent behavioral tests aimed at drug discovery research.

  19. Prevention Tools and Clinical Research in the Field of Dependent Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartsalkina V.V.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The review discusses the relevance of analyses of some global and in-depth theoretical and practical innovations for research of addictive/dependent behavior. It gives ground for the necessity of elaboration of independent analytical research and expansion of information retrieval alongside with differentiation of publications on scientific and practical activities and provision of education as spheres of influence. The article presents the latest trends in search of tools for preventive and clinical work in the field of addictive/dependent behavior, namely: attention to related phenomena and effects in clinical practice; expanding the methods of psychological and pedagogical training to acquire professional skills in the field of addictive behaviors; in-depth analysis of scientific and practical resources and identification of new cause-effect relationships and the effects of relevance for anti-addictive practice. All the factors under the discussion are tied to educational environments.

  20. The Research on the Impact of Management Level's Charismatic Leadership Style on Miners' Unsafe Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongxia; Di, Hongxi; Tian, Shuicheng; Li, Jian

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is research the impact of management level's charismatic leadership style on miners' unsafe behavior by using the questionnaires on charismatic leadership style, safety attitude and the miners' unsafe behavior measurement to investigate 200 employees in Shen Dong Company. The research results suggest that management level's charismatic leadership style have very important influence on miners' unsafe behavior and the influence is affected by the safety attitude which is the intermediary function. In the end, this study propose advice on how to improve the coal mine enterprise managers charismatic leadership style in the coal mine enterprise's safety management work, including attach great importance to a variety of incentive methods, set up safety moral models, practice of inductive leadership concept, create a good atmosphere of safety, etc for reference for coal mining enterprises. PMID:26628936

  1. Summary of NRC LWR safety research programs on fuel behavior, metallurgy/materials and operational safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NRC light-water reactor safety-research program is part of the NRC regulatory program for ensuring the safety of nuclear power plants. This paper summarizes the results of NRC-sponsored research into fuel behavior, metallurgy and materials, and operational safety. The fuel behavior research program provides a detailed understanding of the response of nuclear fuel assemblies to postulated off-normal or accident conditions. Fuel behavior research includes studies of basic fuel rod properties, in-reactor tests, computer code development, fission product release and fuel meltdown. The metallurgy and materials research program provides independent confirmation of the safe design of reactor vessels and piping. This program includes studies on fracture mechanics, irradiation embrittlement, stress corrosion, crack growth, and nondestructive examination. The operational safety research provides direct assistance to NRC officials concerned with the operational and operational-safety aspects of nuclear power plants. The topics currently being addressed include qualification testing evaluation, fire protection, human factors, and noise diagnostics

  2. Type-A Behavior, Gender, and Job Satisfaction: A Research on Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazici, Hikmet; Altun, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    There has been some research which investigates the relationship between gender, different personality traits, and job satisfaction in the field of behavioral sciences. The aim of this study is to examine the difference between male and female instructors' job satisfaction and to investigate the predict level of job satisfaction by Type-A…

  3. Behavioral Criteria in Research and the Study of Racism: Performing the Jackal Function (Final Report).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilliard, Asa G.; And Others

    This report describes the methodology and results of a study of racist attitudes and behaviors. The introduction provides the background and states difficulties due to funding and time constraints. Research and data collection procedures are delineated in the second section. In section 3, results are presented in tabular form, and intercoder…

  4. New Developments in Developmental Research on Social Information Processing and Antisocial Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Reid Griffith

    2010-01-01

    The Special Section on developmental research on social information processing (SIP) and antisocial behavior is here introduced. Following a brief history of SIP theory, comments on several themes--measurement and assessment, attributional and interpretational style, response evaluation and decision, and the relation between emotion and SIP--that…

  5. Changing Preschool Children's Attitudes into Behavior towards Selected Environmental Issues: An Action Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ertürk Kara, Gözde; Aydos, E. Hande; Aydin, Özge

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide the transform of attitudes into behavior of 60-72 month of age children continued early childhood education toward environmental issues. Collaborative action research method of qualitative design was used. The whole participants of the study were 60-72 months of age children who were attending in an early…

  6. Human behavior and environmental sustainability : Problems, driving forces, and research topics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlek, Charles; Steg, Linda

    2007-01-01

    Social and behavioral research is crucial for securing environmental sustainability and improving human living environments. To put the following articles into broader perspective, we first give an overview of worldwide developments in environmental quality and trends in resource use. Second, five g

  7. The Translation of Basic Behavioral Research to School Psychology: A Citation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Derek D.

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, school psychology has become increasingly grounded in data-based decision making and intervention design, based upon behavior analytic principles. This paradigm shift has occurred in part by recent federal legislation, as well as through advances in experimental research replicating laboratory based studies. Translating basic…

  8. The Role of Speech in the Regulation of Behavior. Research Report No. 63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rondal, Jean A.

    Partial replication of the Luria and Tikhomirov experiments in the verbal regulation of behavior has led to results and conclusions contradictory to those of the Russian researchers. Subjects for these experiments included mentally handicapped children and adults. The results of four sets of experiments are presented. In general, the basic…

  9. The early research of John B. Watson: Before the behavioral revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, J T; Morris, E K

    1986-01-01

    John B. Watson is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in modern psychology. Despite this stature, however, presentations of his contributions and career are usually limited to material on his establishment of classical behaviorism in 1913, and then on subsequent elaborations of his position and on his study of conditioned emotional reactions. Watson's career and research prior to 1913 are rarely mentioned or cited; moreover, when this work is mentioned, the presentations often contain errors of fact. To correct these shortcomings, we present an overview of his pre-1913 research that focuses on (1) his doctoral thesis and first book, Animal Education; (2) his studies with Harvey Carr on the role of the various sense modalities in rats' maze learning; (3) his collaboration with Robert Yerkes on the design and construction of psychophysical equipment for the quantitative study of vision, and on experiments on the visual capabilities of monkeys, rabbits, rats, and birds; and (4) his extensive naturalistic studies in Florida on the behavior of noddy and sooty terns, parts of which anticipated better-known subsequent research on imprinting and instinctual drift. Watson's commitment to the development of an objective, natural science of behavior is clearly evident throughout his early research. In addition, his research shows that his range of interests and scientific sophistication are greater than typical descriptions of his work indicate. PMID:22478649

  10. A cloud computing based platform for sleep behavior and chronic diseases collaborative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Mu-Hsing; Borycki, Elizabeth; Kushniruk, Andre; Huang, Yueh-Min; Hung, Shu-Hui

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to propose a Cloud Computing based platform for sleep behavior and chronic disease collaborative research. The platform consists of two main components: (1) a sensing bed sheet with textile sensors to automatically record patient's sleep behaviors and vital signs, and (2) a service-oriented cloud computing architecture (SOCCA) that provides a data repository and allows for sharing and analysis of collected data. Also, we describe our systematic approach to implementing the SOCCA. We believe that the new cloud-based platform can provide nurse and other health professional researchers located in differing geographic locations with a cost effective, flexible, secure and privacy-preserved research environment. PMID:24943526

  11. Researches of mechanical behavior of bone tissues for development and selection of individual ceramic implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolmakova, T. V.; Buyakova, S. P.; Kulkov, S. N.

    2016-04-01

    The researches of mechanical behavior were conducted and the effective mechanical properties of model compact bone micro volumes under uniaxial compression were obtained taking into account the structural characteristics and the mineral content; experimental analysis of the mechanical behavior and the effective mechanical parameters of obtained porous zirconia ceramics were conducted. The comparison of obtained in paper calculated and experimental mechanical properties of bone and ceramics was carry out and the recommendations on the use the ceramics with certain porosity to replace the compact bone fragment with a certain structure and mineral content were suggested.

  12. Is Sexual Behavior Healthy for Adolescents? A Conceptual Framework for Research on Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Physical, Mental, and Social Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilenko, Sara A.; Lefkowitz, Eva S.; Welsh, Deborah P.

    2014-01-01

    Although research has increasingly emphasized how adolescent sexual behavior may be associated with aspects of health beyond unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, no current theoretical or conceptual model fully explains associations between sexual behavior and multiple facets of health. We provide a conceptual model that…

  13. Behavior of iodine in the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels. Research and survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radioiodine generated in the dissolution of spent nuclear fuels is potentially liable to leak into the environment. Since it is hazardous, its release should be strictly controlled at reprocessing plants. Behavior of iodine in the reprocessing was discussed, on the basis of the results of fundamental works including those performed at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute. In the dissolution of spent fuels, iodine distributes itself to fuel solution, off-gas, and insoluble residue. The main iodine species in the fuel solution is colloid of silver and palladium iodides. Behavior of iodine in the dissolution was described in terms of chemical reactions and a new process of expelling iodine from fuel solution has been proposed. Iodine species in off-gas and their reactions with silver-impregnated adsorbents were discussed with reference to the literature. The results of the fundamental works were applied to examine the reported behavior of iodine in reprocessing plants. (author)

  14. In situ tests for investigating thermal and mechanical rock behaviors at an underground research tunnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The understanding of the thermal and mechanical behaviors expected to be happened around an underground high-level radioactive waste (HLW) repository is important for a successful site selection, construction, operation, and closure of the repository. In this study, the thermal and mechanical behaviors of rock and rock mass were investigated from in situ borehole heater test and the studies for characterizing an excavation damaged zone (EDZ), which had been carried out at an underground research tunnel, KURT, constructed in granite for the validation of a HLW disposal concept. Thermal, mechanical, and hydraulic properties in EDZ could be predicted from various in situ and laboratory tests as well as numerical simulations. The complex thermo-mechanical coupling behavior of rock could be modeled using the rock properties. (author)

  15. Co-Operative Advances in Behavioral Health and Performance Research and Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanderArk, Stephen T.; Leveton, Lauren B.

    2011-01-01

    In organizations that engage in both operations and applied research, with operational needs guiding research questions and research informing improved operations, the ideal goal is a synergy of ideas and information. In reality, this ideal synergy is often lacking. Real-time operational needs driving day-to-day decisions, lack of communication, lag time in getting research advances plugged into operations can cause both areas to suffer from this gap between operations and research. At Johnson Space Center, the Behavior Health and Performance group (BHP) strives to bridge this gap by following a Human Research Program framework: Expectations of future operational needs identify the knowledge gaps; the gaps in turn guide research leading to a product that is transitioned into operations. Thus, the direction those of us in research take is in direct response to current and future needs of operations. Likewise, those of us in operations actively seek knowledge that is supported by evidence-based research. We make an ongoing effort to communicate across the research and operations gap by working closely with each other and making a conscious effort to keep each other informed. The objective of the proposed panel discussion is to demonstrate through the following presentations the results of a successful collaboration between research and operations and to provide ASMA members with more practical knowledge and strategies for building these bridges to serve our field of practice well. The panel will consist of six presenters from BHP operations, internal BHP research, and external research instigated by BHP who together represent the entire BHP Research Transition to Operations Framework

  16. The Research on the Impact of Management Level’s Charismatic Leadership Style on Miners' Unsafe Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Hongxia; Di, Hongxi; Tian, Shuicheng; Li, Jian

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is research the impact of management level’s charismatic leadership style on miners' unsafe behavior by using the questionnaires on charismatic leadership style, safety attitude and the miners' unsafe behavior measurement to investigate 200 employees in Shen Dong Company. The research results suggest that management level’s charismatic leadership style have very important influence on miners' unsafe behavior and the influence is affected by the safety attitude which is t...

  17. Social and behavioral research on risk: uses in risk management decision-making

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall objective of this paper is to describe the principal uses of social and behavioral research in risk management decision-making. Five such uses are identified and discussed, including uses in (1) identifying the nature and extent of public concern; (2) structuring public debate and resolving conflicts; (3) anticipating public responses to new technologies; (4) conducting and informing the public; and (5) designing and implementing risk management policies and systems. (author)

  18. A comparison of methods for the analysis of binomial proportion data in behavioral research

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrari, Alberto; Comelli, Mario

    2016-01-01

    In behavioral and psychiatric research, data consisting of a per-subject proportion of "successes" and "failures" over a finite number of trials often arise. This kind of clustered binary data are usually non-normally distributed, which can cause issues with parameter estimation and predictions if the usual general linear model is applied and sample size is small. Here we studied the performances of some of the available analytic methods applicable to the analysis of proportion data; namely l...

  19. Means – End Chain Theory and Laddering Technique: Applications in Consumer Behavior Research

    OpenAIRE

    Ayca Kangal

    2013-01-01

    Means – end chain (MEC) theory and laddering technique uncovers the decision making process of consumers related to marketing offerings such as goods, services and experiences in a cognitive approach from a consumer perspective view which are popularly used approaches in marketing context. The purpose of the study is to discusss and present the laddering techique to Turkish literature, which is a frequently used qualitative research method in consumer behavior, both with related theoretical s...

  20. Cognitive Behavioral Interventions with Older Adults: Integrating Clinical and Gerontological Research

    OpenAIRE

    Satre, Derek; Knight, Bob G.; David, Steven

    2006-01-01

    Psychotherapeutic interventions utilizing cognitive–behavioral strategies have been used widely with older adults. To appropriately adapt these techniques, characteristics unique to older adults must be taken into account. These factors include aspects of the social environment, cohort effects, cognitive changes with aging, personality, and emotional development, which have been described in an emerging body of research literature from the field of gerontology. In addition, clinical studies h...

  1. Research on Behavior Intentions of Tourists Based on the Rural Image Perception

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Jiajing; Tao, Changjiang

    2013-01-01

    During the construction of new socialist countryside, rural tourism has presented its irreplaceable strategic significance in balancing urban and rural development, and in building a socialist harmonious society. It, therefore, has drawn sustained attention both from the government and the academics. By empirical research, a conceptual relationship model has been established of rural image and behavior intentions of tourists. The general rural image in rural tourism is comprised of rural scen...

  2. Parenting Styles and Practices in Children's Obesogenic Behaviors: Scientific Gaps and Future Research Directions

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick, Heather; Hennessy, Erin; McSpadden, Kate; Oh, April

    2013-01-01

    Given the emerging global childhood obesity epidemic and the specter of a generation of children who will have a shorter life expectancy than that of their parents, recent research has focused on factors that influence children's weight status and obesogenic behaviors (i.e., eating, physical activity, and screen media use). Parents act as primary socializing agents for children, and thus growing evidence supports the role of parenting styles and practices in children's obesity-related behavio...

  3. THE INFLUENCE OF LEADER BEHAVIORS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY ON ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING FROM FAILURES: AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thi Thi Nga

    2014-01-01

    It is well acknowledged that failure contains within it valuable information and organizational learning from failure is crucial for an organization’s innovation, performance and adaptability. Process of learning often relies on interactions between people to decide what need to be improved and how to do it. The current research addresses the question of how leader behaviors and psychological safety facilitates organizational learning from failures. Qualitative data collected from nineteen pa...

  4. ANOVA IN MARKETING RESEARCH OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOR OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES IN GEORGIAN MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    NUGZAR TODUA; Teona DOTCHVIRI

    2015-01-01

    Consumer behavior research was conducted on bank services and (non-alcohol) soft drinks. Based on four different currencies and ten services there are analyses made on bank clients’ distribution by bank services and currencies, percentage distribution by bank services, percentage distribution of bank services by currencies. Similar results are also received in case of ten soft drinks with their five characteristics: consumers quantities split by types of soft drinks and attributes; Attributes...

  5. Building on progress. Expanding the research infrastructure for the social, economic, and behavioral sciences. Vol. 2

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This compendium is published in two volumes divided into three main parts. The first part presents the German Data Forum’s recommendations on the further development of the research infrastructure for the social, economic, and behavioral sciences. The second part of this publication, also contained in the first volume, provides “executive summaries” of all of the advisory reports, including detailed recommendations on how to meet current and future data needs. The summaries serve to provide t...

  6. Quantitative marketing research on behavior of the small and medium companies on financial advisory services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duguleana, L.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of quantitative marketing research conducted among small and medium enterprises in Braşov County. The research identified organizational elements of the consumer behavior in the use of the financial advisory services. The objective is to determine whether there is association between firm size and the number of financial advice services outsourced. Results of the study will be based construction of the price policy for financial advisory firms, tailored to the financial constraints faced by small and medium enterprises in Romania.

  7. Healthy Variability in Organizational Behavior: Empirical Evidence and New Steps for Future Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, José; Rueff-Lopes, Rita

    2015-10-01

    The healthy variability thesis suggests that healthy systems function in a complex manner over time. This thesis is well-established in fields like physiology. In the field of organizational behavior, however, this relation is only starting to be explored. The objective of this article is threefold: First, we aim to provide a comprehensive review of the healthy variability thesis including some of the most important findings across different fields, with a focus on evidences from organizational research in work motivation and performance. Second, we discuss an opposite pattern, unhealthy stability, i.e., the relationship between unhealthy behaviors and lower variability. Again, we provide evidence from diverse areas, from affective processes to disruptive organizational comportments like mobbing. Third, we provide a critical evaluation of current methodological trends and highlight what we believe to be the main factors that are stopping organizational research from advancing in the field. Theoretical, methodological and epistemological implications are discussed. To conclude, we draw a compilation of the lessons learned, which hopefully provide insights for prolific research avenues. Our main purpose is to raise awareness of the healthy variability thesis and to enthuse organizational researchers to consider it in order to advance existing knowledge, revisit old theories and create new ones. PMID:26375939

  8. Engaging Nurses in Research for a Randomized Clinical Trial of a Behavioral Health Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lona Roll

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nurse involvement in research is essential to the expansion of nursing science and improved care for patients. The research participation challenges encountered by nurses providing direct care (direct care nurses include balancing patient care demands with research, adjusting to fluctuating staff and patient volumes, working with interdisciplinary personnel, and feeling comfortable with their knowledge of the research process. The purpose of this paper is to describe efforts to engage nurses in research for the Stories and Music for Adolescent/Young Adult Resilience during Transplant (SMART study. SMART was an NIH-funded, multisite, randomized, behavioral clinical trial of a music therapy intervention for adolescents/young adults (AYA undergoing stem cell transplant for an oncology condition. The study was conducted at 8 sites by a large multidisciplinary team that included direct care nurses, advanced practice nurses, and nurse researchers, as well as board-certified music therapists, clinical research coordinators, and physicians. Efforts to include direct care nurses in the conduct of this study fostered mutual respect across disciplines in both academic and clinical settings.

  9. Engaging nurses in research for a randomized clinical trial of a behavioral health intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roll, Lona; Stegenga, Kristin; Hendricks-Ferguson, Verna; Barnes, Yvonne J; Cherven, Brooke; Docherty, Sharron L; Robb, Sheri L; Haase, Joan E

    2013-01-01

    Nurse involvement in research is essential to the expansion of nursing science and improved care for patients. The research participation challenges encountered by nurses providing direct care (direct care nurses) include balancing patient care demands with research, adjusting to fluctuating staff and patient volumes, working with interdisciplinary personnel, and feeling comfortable with their knowledge of the research process. The purpose of this paper is to describe efforts to engage nurses in research for the Stories and Music for Adolescent/Young Adult Resilience during Transplant (SMART) study. SMART was an NIH-funded, multisite, randomized, behavioral clinical trial of a music therapy intervention for adolescents/young adults (AYA) undergoing stem cell transplant for an oncology condition. The study was conducted at 8 sites by a large multidisciplinary team that included direct care nurses, advanced practice nurses, and nurse researchers, as well as board-certified music therapists, clinical research coordinators, and physicians. Efforts to include direct care nurses in the conduct of this study fostered mutual respect across disciplines in both academic and clinical settings. PMID:24102024

  10. Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process-based Chinese Resident Best Fitness Behavior Method Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dapeng; Zhang, Lan

    2015-01-01

    With explosive development in Chinese economy and science and technology, people's pursuit of health becomes more and more intense, therefore Chinese resident sports fitness activities have been rapidly developed. However, different fitness events popularity degrees and effects on body energy consumption are different, so bases on this, the paper researches on fitness behaviors and gets Chinese residents sports fitness behaviors exercise guide, which provides guidance for propelling to national fitness plan's implementation and improving Chinese resident fitness scientization. The paper starts from the perspective of energy consumption, it mainly adopts experience method, determines Chinese resident favorite sports fitness event energy consumption through observing all kinds of fitness behaviors energy consumption, and applies fuzzy analytic hierarchy process to make evaluation on bicycle riding, shadowboxing practicing, swimming, rope skipping, jogging, running, aerobics these seven fitness events. By calculating fuzzy rate model's membership and comparing their sizes, it gets fitness behaviors that are more helpful for resident health, more effective and popular. Finally, it gets conclusions that swimming is a best exercise mode and its membership is the highest. Besides, the memberships of running, rope skipping and shadowboxing practicing are also relative higher. It should go in for bodybuilding by synthesizing above several kinds of fitness events according to different physical conditions; different living conditions so that can better achieve the purpose of fitness exercises. PMID:26981163

  11. Research of the Behavior of Consumers in the Insurance Market in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marešová Petra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to familiarize with research aim, goal of which is to map out consumer behavior in the choice of insurance against death was carried out. This insured risk was chosen because for most insurers in the product offering as one of the key and it occurs within the highly competitive bid. At consumer behavior specification is also taken into account their classifying that can influence potential irrational behavior elements and help to clarify studied dilemma more (e.g. income brackets, age or other demographic information. Results will contribute to decision-making theory enrichment in given specific segment. From view of practice, they will be used in co-operative institution with the aim of a better client comprehension, product optimization and thereby contracts decline prevention and permanent clientele expansion.The results of the research project showed that most consumers under the influence of certain factors act irrationally. These factors include media coverage of the causes of claims discount, offer extension of insurance coverage.

  12. Linking appraisal to behavioral flexibility in animals: implications for stress research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui F Oliveira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In fluctuating environments, organisms require mechanisms enabling the rapid expression of context-dependent behaviors. Here, we approach behavioral flexibility from a perspective rooted in appraisal theory, aiming to provide a better understanding on how animals adjust their internal state to environmental context. Appraisal has been defined as a multi-component and interactive process between the individual and the environment, in which the individual must evaluate the significance of a stimulus to generate an adaptive response. Within this framework, we review and reframe the existing evidence for the appraisal components in animal literature, in an attempt to reveal the common ground of appraisal mechanisms between species. Furthermore, cognitive biases may occur in the appraisal of ambiguous stimuli. These biases may be interpreted either as states open to environmental modulation or as long-lasting phenotypic traits. Finally, we discuss the implications of cognitive bias for stress research.

  13. Summary of Research Issues in Behavior and Performance in Isolated and Confined Extreme (ICE) Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palinkas, Lawrence A.

    2000-01-01

    The papers presented in this section describe changes in behavior and performance in various isolated and confined extreme (ICE) environments, including Antarctic expeditions and research stations, space simulators and isolation chambers, and submarines. Each of these environments possesses characteristics that are in some way analogous to those found on long-duration space missions. Despite differences in length of mission, characteristics of mission personnel or crew, and characteristics in the physical environment, the various ICE environments described in this collection of papers appear to produce similar changes in behavior and performance. These changes include increased disturbances of mood, increased rates of psychiatric disorder, increased interpersonal tension, and a disruption of circadian rhythms. However, these environments do not inherently produce decrements in performance. Palinkas and colleagues suggest that prolonged exposure to the isolation and confinement in the Antarctic can actually have positive or "salutogenic" effects as well, evidenced by a decrease in mood disturbances and increase in performance measures.

  14. Means – End Chain Theory and Laddering Technique: Applications in Consumer Behavior Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayca Kangal

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Means – end chain (MEC theory and laddering technique uncovers the decision making process of consumers related to marketing offerings such as goods, services and experiences in a cognitive approach from a consumer perspective view which are popularly used approaches in marketing context. The purpose of the study is to discusss and present the laddering techique to Turkish literature, which is a frequently used qualitative research method in consumer behavior, both with related theoretical structure and practice. With this purpose, the overview of the literature within the frame of means – end chain theory, practices in consumer behavior, laddering technique, data collection, data analyze and interperation steps, limits of the laddering technique and alternatives of soft laddering (hard laddering is discussed. Laddering technique among with alternative data collection tools are anticipated Turkish researchers’ interest.

  15. Research on Behavior Intentions of Tourists Based on the Rural Image Perception

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiajing; HU; Changjiang; TAO

    2013-01-01

    During the construction of new socialist countryside, rural tourism has presented its irreplaceable strategic significance in balancing urban and rural development, and in building a socialist harmonious society. It, therefore, has drawn sustained attention both from the government and the academics. By empirical research, a conceptual relationship model has been established of rural image and behavior intentions of tourists. The general rural image in rural tourism is comprised of rural scenery, rural architecture and rural culture image. Furthermore, the overall rural image has a positive effect on tourists’ willingness to pay a premium price, to recommend and to repeat purchase. At the end of this paper, reasonable suggestions have been proposed for rural image enhancement aimed to promote the attractiveness of rural tourism, and to enhance the tourists’ positive behavior intentions.

  16. Egyptian and American Internet-Based Cross-Cultural Information Seeking Behavior. Part I: Research Instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul L. Hover

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is the first of three in an exploratory study of the cross-cultural, cross-language information-seeking (IS behavior of a group of eighty-four academic and public reference librarians from Egypt and the USA. The present article describes the design of the cross-cultural research instrument used to record the behavior of participants when presented with a choice of information resources in several languages unfamiliar to them. A review of literature demonstrates the need in cross-cultural investigations for a multi-tiered approach that allows analysis from different perspectives. A detailed description of the design rationale for the interview model is given, which includes a cultural background questionnaire providing data designed to enable comparative analysis of the search performance of sub-groups. Instructions on how to manage cross-language searches complete the interview. A discussion of the usefulness of the methodology in discerning cultural universals, differences, and the IS needs of cross-cultural researchers is followed by conclusions and suggestions for further research.

  17. Stimulating Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB Research For Theory Development: Exploration Of Leadership Paradigms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdu Ja’afaru Bambale

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper synthesizes major leadership paradigms for the purpose of identifying possible ways of influencing Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs to improve the functioning of organizations. The leadership paradigms were extended to old and modern categories toprovide for systematic understanding of their antecedents and potential influence patterns. The leadership approaches reported to have positive relationships with organizational citizenshipbehaviors include transformational leadership, charismatic leadership, and ethical leadership paradigms. We have found many modern leadership paradigms not to have been empiricallyinvestigated for possible relationships with OCB. This paper therefore discusses the dynamics and potentials for researches within the realms of the leadership paradigms and the OCB field.

  18. Multi-scale analysis of deformation behavior at SCC crack tip (3) (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, incidents of the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) were frequently reported that occurred to the various components of domestic boiling water reactors (BWR), and the cause investigation and measure become the present important issue. By the Japan nuclear energy safety organization (JNES), a research project on the intergranular SCC (IGSCC) in nuclear grade stainless steels (henceforth, IGSCC project) is under enforcement from a point of view to secure safety and reliability of BWR, and SCC growth data of low carbon stainless steels are being accumulated for the weld part or the work-hardened region adjacent to the weld metal. In the project, it has been an important subject to guarantee the validity of accumulated SCC data. At a crack tip of SCC in compact tension (CT) type specimen used for the SCC propagation test, a macroscopic plastic region is formed where heterogeneity of microstructure developed by microscopic sliding and dislocations is observed. However, there is little quantitative information on the plastic region, and therefore, to assess the data of macroscopic SCC growth rate and the validity of propagation test method, it is essentially required to investigate the plastic region at the crack tip in detail from a microscopic viewpoint. This report describes a result of the research conducted by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency and the National Institute for Materials Science under contract with JNES that was concerned with a multi-scale analysis of plastic deformation behavior at the crack tip of SCC. The research was carried out to evaluate the validity of the SCC growth data acquired in the IGSCC project based on a mechanistic understanding of SCC. For the purpose, in this research, analyses of the plastic deformation behavior and microstructure around the crack tip were performed in a nano-order scale. The hardness measured in nano, meso and macro scales was employed as a common index of the strength, and the essential data necessary

  19. A Theory of Planned Behavior Research Model for Predicting the Sleep Intentions and Behaviors of Undergraduate College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowlden, Adam P.; Sharma, Manoj; Bernard, Amy L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to operationalize the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to predict the sleep intentions and behaviors of undergraduate college students attending a Midwestern University. Data collection spanned three phases. The first phase included a semi-structured qualitative interview (n = 11), readability by…

  20. Progress and challenges in psychosocial and behavioral research in cancer in the twentieth century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, J C

    1991-02-01

    Research in the psychosocial and behavioral aspects of cancer has shown steady growth since the 1950s, and its course of development has paralleled the history of medical techniques in treating cancer. Table 1 outlines this parallel evolution from the 1850s to the 1960s. The roles of the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in spearheading and nurturing research in this area are documented. Interest in psychooncologic questions can be traced back for centuries to the search for etiologic factors and psychologic variables that would explain individual vulnerability to cancer. The first psychologic studies of cancer patients were reported in 1951 and 1952 from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, respectively. The 1970s saw new interest in psychosocial and behavioral research with many issues being addressed for the first time: better care of the terminally ill through more humanistic approaches including better means of pain control; ethical concerns related to patient rights and their status as subjects in experimental protocols; trying to measure quality of life for cancer patients on protocols; seeing the need for multidisciplinary collaborative groups to make up for the absence of formal training in this area; and the need to design valid, accurate measuring scales specific to the symptomology of patients with cancer. Table 4 outlines how the 1980s gave increasing recognition and support to the psychosocial dimensions of cancer. This period produced a series of key conferences that examined a broad research and education perspective and produced recommendations that remain a benchmark in regard to instrumentation, conceptual models, pitfalls of psychosocial research, training, and education, and the organization of research efforts. New precision has been added to the field in the past 6 years: studies measuring concurrent psychologic, endocrine, and immune function; use of statistical modeling

  1. A Group-Oriented Contingency Management Program: A Review of Research on the Good Behavior Game and Implications for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tankersley, Melody

    1995-01-01

    Research on a team game designed to reinforce positive target behaviors is reviewed. Classroom organization, reinforcement criteria, when and how long to play the game, and reinforcement for winning teams are discussed, as are two variants on the original game. The game is found to be highly effective in reducing talking and out-of-seat behavior.…

  2. Anomia treatment platform as behavioral engine for use in research on physiological adjuvants to neurorehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane Kendall, PhD

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to create a "behavioral treatment engine" for future use in research on physiological adjuvants in aphasia rehabilitation. We chose the behavioral target anomia, which is a feature displayed by many persons who have aphasia. Further, we wished to saturate the treatment approach with many strategies and cues that have been empirically reported to have a positive influence on aphasia outcome, with the goal being to optimize the potential for positive response in most participants. A single-subject multiple baseline design with replication across eight participants was employed. Four men and four women, with an average age of 62 yr and an average of 63.13 mo poststroke onset, served as participants. Word-retrieval treatment was administered 3 d/wk, 1 h/d for a total of 20 treatment hours (6–7 wk. Positive acquisition effects were evident in all eight participants (d effect size [ES] = 5.40. Treatment effects were maintained 3 mo after treatment termination for five participants (d ES = 2.94. Within and across semantic category, generalization was minimal (d ES = 0.43 within and 1.09 across. This study demonstrates that this behavioral treatment engine provides a solid platform on which to base future studies whereby various treatment conditions are manipulated and pharmacologic support is added.

  3. Can behavioral research advance mandatory law, information duties, standard terms and withdrawal rights?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Maria Tscherner

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: Current European consumer law mainly acts on the assumption that people behave in line with the ‘rational man’ (homo oeconomicus, who has stable preferences and can absorb all available information and process as well as integrate it into her consumer decisions. This assumption has been challenged by findings of behavioral sciences such as behavioral economics, psychology and neurosciences. This article examines if and how findings from behavioral research are in a position to advance European consumer contract law (mandatory law in general as well as information duties, standard terms and rights to withdraw in specific. DEUTSCH: Das Europäische Verbraucherschutzrecht stützt sich in weiten Teilen auf das ökonomische Menschenbild des homo oeconomicus. Dieser verfügt über stabile Präferenzen und kann unbegrenzt Informationen aufnehmen sowie diese in seinen Entscheidungsprozess integrieren. Dieses Menschenbild wurde durch Forschungsergebnisse in Verhaltensökonomik, Psychologie und Gehirnforschung in Frage gestellt. De r Aufsatz geht der Frage nach, inwieweit das Verbrauchervertragsrecht (in Form von zwingendem Recht, vor - vertraglichen Informationspflichten, Fairnesskontrolle Allgemeiner Geschäftsbedingungen und Widerrufsrechten von Erkenntnissen dieser sog Verhaltensforschung profitieren kann.

  4. State of the art/science: Visual methods and information behavior research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartel, Jenna; Sonnenwald, Diane H.; Lundh, Anna;

    2012-01-01

    This panel reports on methodological innovation now underway as information behavior scholars begin to experiment with visual methods. The session launches with a succinct introduction to visual methods by Jenna Hartel and then showcases three exemplar visual research designs. First, Dianne......, Nancy Fried Foster (Foster & Gibbons, 2007) reports how students, staff and faculty members produce maps, drawings, and photographs as a means of contributing their specialist knowledge to the design of library technologies and spaces at the University of Rochester. Altogether, the panel will present a...... collage of innovative visual research designs and engage the associated epistemological, theoretical, methodological, and empirical issues. All speakers will have 15 minutes and be timed to allow a minimum of 30 minutes for audience questions, comments, and discussion. Upon the conclusion attendees will...

  5. Research regarding to behavior on advanced plastic from rolling mills equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardelean, M.; Ardelean, E.; Popa, E.; Josan, A.; Socalici, A.

    2016-02-01

    New advanced plastic can be used in construction of different equipment's from some industries; due to mechanical properties closer to nonferrous materials. In steel industries uses of this materials are limited because working temperature is too low, related to nonferrous or ferrous material. In this paper is presented some researches related to replacement of bronze material with advanced plastic in construction of antifriction bearings. For replaces of this material with engineering plastic product, it was calculated analytical and using simulation, forces in node of braking mechanism. Using these loads, it was make simulation regarding behavior of static loads with finite element software. Based on these researches, this bearing can be made from engineering plastic product, in same qualitative and technical condition, and this is a way to reduce maintenance and exploitation cost.

  6. Multi-scale analysis of deformation behavior at SCC crack tip (Contract research)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, incidents of the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) were frequently reported that occurred to the various components of domestic boiling water reactors (BWR), and the cause investigation and measure become the present important issue. By the Japan nuclear energy safety organization (JNES), a research project on the intergranular SCC (IGSCC) in nuclear grade stainless steels (henceforth, IGSCC project) is under enforcement from a point of view to secure safety and reliability of BWR, and SCC growth data of low carbon stainless steels are being accumulated for the weld part or the work-hardened region adjacent to the weld metal. In the project, it has been an important subject to guarantee the validity of accumulated SCC data. At a crack tip of SCC in compact tension (CT) type specimen used for the SCC propagation test, a macroscopic plastic region is formed where heterogeneity of microstructure developed by microscopic sliding and dislocations is observed. However, there is little quantitative information on the plastic region, and therefore, to assess the data of macroscopic SCC growth rate and the validity of propagation test method, it is essentially required to investigate the plastic region at crack tip in detail from a microscopic viewpoint. This report describes a result of the research conducted by the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute and the National Institute for Materials Science under contract with JNES that was concerned with a multi-scale analysis of plastic deformation behavior at the crack tip of SCC. The research was carried out to evaluate the validity of the SCC growth data acquired in the IGSCC project based on a mechanistic understanding of SCC. For the purpose, in this research, analyses of the plastic deformation behavior and microstructure around the crack tip were performed in a nano-order scale. The hardness measured in nano, meso and macro scales was employed as a common index of the strength, and the essential data

  7. Ethical and Social Concerns: Opinions of Japanese Life-Science Researchers on Developments in the Science of Mind and Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Higashijima, Jin; Takahashi, Kitetsu; Kato, Kazuto

    2011-01-01

    Because of its importance to society, the science of mind and behavior is an academic field in which ethical and social considerations are vital. When examining these issues, the opinions of life-science researchers must be considered. In this article, the authors elicit and describe the opinions of sixty-one Japanese life-science researchers on the ethical and social issues surrounding the science of mind and behavior. The results reveal significant diversity of opinions, especially when the...

  8. The gains and losses of collusion: An empirical research on the market behaviors of China’s power enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Ruize Gao; Zhenji Zhang; Ang Li; Chang Ran

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Collusion is a common behavior of oligarch enterprises aiming to get an advantage in market competition. The purpose of the thesis is to use the empirical research methods to explore positive or negative effects that the electricity generation manufacturers’ collusion has caused at the macro level of Market Economy and the micro level of enterprises’ behaviors. Design/methodology/approach: The designed research model in the thesis is an extension of Porter’s model (Porter, 1984). I...

  9. Current Methods in Health Behavior Research Among U.S. Community College Students: A Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Pokhrel, Pallav; Melissa A. Little; Herzog, Thaddeus A

    2013-01-01

    The majority of health behavior research involving college students in the United States has focused on 4-year college students. Two-year or community college students have been less studied, although a significant proportion of U.S. undergraduates, primarily those from disadvantaged socioeconomic and/or racial/ethnic background, are enrolled in community colleges. Thus, there is a need to enhance health behavior and health promotion research among community college students. This study syste...

  10. Research on Human Behavior Recognition%人体行为识别的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁国平; 吴朝润

    2011-01-01

    People often use body actions, facial expressions, etc. to respond to external stimulation and transmit certain informa- tion, which is called behavior capacity. In recent years, artificial intelligence research has made some progress, machine vision is an important branch of it, and human behavior recognition is one of the respects in these researches. Machine vision, through the image capture device (eg. camera), converts the target into image signals, then makes related operations with the image signal, takes its feature, and makes relevant processing according to the estimated results.%人们通常用形体动作,表情等对外界的刺激作出反应,传送某种信息,这些称为行为能力。近年来人工智能的研究取得了一定的进展,机器视觉是人工智能的一个重要分支,而人体行为识别就是其中的一个研究方面。机器视觉是通过图像摄取装置(比如摄像头)将摄取的目标转换成图像信号,然后对图像信号进行相关运算,抽取目标特征,根据判别的结果进行相应的操作过程。

  11. How are academic age, productivity and collaboration related to citing behavior of researchers?

    CERN Document Server

    Milojević, Staša

    2012-01-01

    References are an essential component of research articles and therefore of scientific communication. In this study we investigate referencing (citing) behavior in five diverse fields (astronomy, mathematics, robotics, ecology and economics) based on 213,756 core journal articles. At the macro level we find: (a) a steady increase in the number of references per article over the period studied (50 years), which in some fields is due to a higher rate of usage, while in others reflects longer articles and (b) an increase in all fields in the fraction of older, foundational references since the 1980s, with no obvious change in citing patterns associated with the introduction of the Internet. At the meso level we explore current (2006-2010) referencing behavior of different categories of authors (21,562 total) within each field, based on their academic age, productivity and collaborative practices. Contrary to some previous findings and expectations we find that senior researchers use references at the same rate a...

  12. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Behavior of fine droplet flow. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-7. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kataoka, Isao; Yoshida, Kenji [Osaka Univ., Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka (Japan); Matsuura, Keizo [Nuclear Fuel Industry, Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2002-03-01

    Analytical and experimental researches were carried out on the behavior of fine droplet flow in relation to the fundamental phenomena of thermohydraulics in severe accident. Simulation program of fine droplet behavior in turbulent gas flow was developed based on the eddy interaction model with improvement of Graham's stochastic model on eddy lifetime and eddy size. Furthermore, the developed program are capable of simulating the droplet behavior in annular dispersed flow based on the models of droplet entrainment from liquid film and turbulence modification of gas phase by liquid film. This program was confirmed by the various experimental data on droplet diffusion, deposition. Furthermore, this program was applied to the three dimensional droplet flow with the satisfactory agreement of experimental data. This means the developed program can be used as a simulation program for analysis of severe accident. Experimental research was carried out on the effect of liquid film on the turbulence field of gas flow in annular and annular dispersed flow. Averaged and turbulent velocity of gas phase were measured under various gas and liquid film flow rates. Turbulent velocity of gas phase in annular flow increased compared with single phase gas flow. This is due to turbulence generation by waves in liquid film. Corresponding to the turbulence modification by liquid film, distribution of averaged velocity of gas phase became flattened compared with single phase gas flow. (author)

  13. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Behavior of fine droplet flow. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-7. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Analytical and experimental researches were carried out on the behavior of fine droplet flow in relation to the fundamental phenomena of thermohydraulics in severe accident. Simulation program of fine droplet behavior in turbulent gas flow was developed based on the eddy interaction model with improvement of Graham's stochastic model on eddy lifetime and eddy size. Furthermore, the developed program are capable of simulating the droplet behavior in annular dispersed flow based on the models of droplet entrainment from liquid film and turbulence modification of gas phase by liquid film. This program was confirmed by the various experimental data on droplet diffusion, deposition. Furthermore, this program was applied to the three dimensional droplet flow with the satisfactory agreement of experimental data. This means the developed program can be used as a simulation program for analysis of severe accident. Experimental research was carried out on the effect of liquid film on the turbulence field of gas flow in annular and annular dispersed flow. Averaged and turbulent velocity of gas phase were measured under various gas and liquid film flow rates. Turbulent velocity of gas phase in annular flow increased compared with single phase gas flow. This is due to turbulence generation by waves in liquid film. Corresponding to the turbulence modification by liquid film, distribution of averaged velocity of gas phase became flattened compared with single phase gas flow. (author)

  14. An Emerging Role for Numerical Modelling in Wildfire Behavior Research: Explorations, Explanations, and Hypothesis Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linn, R.; Winterkamp, J.; Canfield, J.; Sauer, J.; Dupuy, J. L.; Finney, M.; Hoffman, C.; Parsons, R.; Pimont, F.; Sieg, C.; Forthofer, J.

    2014-12-01

    Advancements in computing power have created new opportunities for the use of numerical models in wildfire research. Models like the Wildland Fire Dynamics Simulator (WFDS) and FIRETEC attempt to represent interactions between the dominant processes that determine wildfire behavior such as convective and radiative heat transfer, aerodynamic drag and buoyant response of the atmosphere to heat released by the fire. Such models are not practical for operational faster-than-real-time fire prediction due to their computational and data requirements. However, their process-based model-development approach creates an opportunity to provide additional perspectives concerning aspects of fire behavior that have been observed in the field and in the laboratory, allow for sensitivity analysis that is impractical through observations and pose new hypotheses that can be tested experimentally. Specific examples of the use of FIRETEC in this fashion include: 1) investigation of the 3D fire/atmosphere interaction that dictates multiscale fireline dynamics; 2) the influence of vegetation heterogeneity and variability in wind fields on predictability of fire spread; 3) the interaction between ecosystem disturbances such as insect attacks and potential fire behavior; and 4) the effects of nonlocal topography. Numerical studies support new conceptual models for the dominant roles of multi-scale fluid dynamics in determining the nature and viability of fire spread. Results from these studies highlight the critical roles of upwind buoyancy-induced vorticity and crosswind fireline-intensity variations on heat transfer to unburned fuels, the influence of canopy structure on convective heating and cooling of canopy fuels and the impact of heterogeneous vegetation distribution/aggregation on wind penetration into canopies and crown fire behavior. There needs to be continued efforts to meet the challenges of validating the results from these numerical investigations with lab experiments and

  15. Based on Wide Area Environment Abnormal Behavior Analysis and Anomaly Detection Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Group anomaly identification and location is an important issue in the field of artificial intelligence. Capture of the accident source and rapid prediction of mass incidents in public places are difficult problems in intelligent video identification and processing, but the traditional group anomaly detection research has many limitations when it comes to accident source detection and intelligent recognition. We are to research on the algorithms of accident source location and abnormal group identification based on behavior analysis in the condition of dramatically changing group geometry appearance, including: 1 to propose a logic model of image density based on the social force model, and to build the crowd density trend prediction model integrating “fast and fuzzy matching at front-end” and “accurate and classified training at back-end”; 2 to design a fast abnormal source flagging algorithm based on support vector machine, and to realize intelligent and automatic marking of abnormal source point; 3 to construct a multi-view human body skeleton invariant moment model and a motion trajectory model based on linear parametric equations. The expected results of the research will help prevent abnormal events effectively, capture the first scene of incidents and the abnormal source point quickly, and play a decision support role in the proactive national security strategy.

  16. Innovative Graduate Research Education for Advancement of Implementation Science in Adolescent Behavioral Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Donna L; Levin, Bruce Lubotsky; Massey, Tom; Baldwin, Julie; Williamson, Heather

    2016-04-01

    An innovative approach to research education that integrates the theory and principles of implementation science, participatory research, and service learning in the area of adolescent behavioral health is presented. Qualitative interviews and surveys of program participants have been conducted to assess the program's curricula, service-learning partnerships, student (scholar) satisfaction, and views of community partnerships and academic mentors. The Institute has experienced the successful completion of its first and second cohorts and enrollment of a third cohort of scholars. Community partners are utilizing results of service-learning projects to influence agency operations. Institute scholars have identified research and service learning experiences as key factors in the decision to apply to the Institute graduate certificate program. The availability of tuition support is identified as valuable but not ranked as the most important reason for scholar interest in the program. Academic mentors report positive relationships with community agencies. Future iterations of the program will expand options for distance learning and alternatives to traditional graduate education for community-based scholars. Community partner agency capacity for participation is expected to change over time. Methods are being identified to both sustain existing partnerships and develop new community partnership relationships. PMID:26746638

  17. Implications of attachment theory and research for developmental-behavioral pediatrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Elizabeth A; Sampson, Megan C; Sroufe, L Alan

    2003-10-01

    This article presents a basic overview of attachment theory, concepts, and research. The review includes a discussion of the nature of the attachment relationship, its origins in human evolutionary history, and common misconceptions about attachment. We describe phases in the development of attachment relationships and review research on factors that influence attachment variations. We discuss the implications of variations in early attachment relationships for later development (adaptation and maladaptation). And finally, we review briefly the implications of attachment theory and research for pediatric practice. Some key points are that (1) virtually all infants become attached to caregivers regardless of quality of care; (2) attachment relationships evolve in phases over time; (3) children with disabilities form attachment relationships in ways comparable to nondisabled children but manifest attachment somewhat differently; (4) the consequences for attachment of out-of-home care, separations, and significant disruptions (e.g., adoption) depend on timing and circumstances; (5) many infant regulatory difficulties, as well as child behavior problems, originate in the caregiving relationship; and finally, (6) change in parent-child relationship disturbances is complex and requires time and effort. PMID:14578698

  18. NUMERICAL SIMULATION FOR MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF U10MO MONOLITHIC MINIPLATES FOR RESEARCH AND TEST REACTORS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hakan Ozaltun & Herman Shen

    2011-11-01

    This article presents assessment of the mechanical behavior of U-10wt% Mo (U10Mo) alloy based monolithic fuel plates subject to irradiation. Monolithic, plate-type fuel is a new fuel form being developed for research and test reactors to achieve higher uranium densities within the reactor core to allow the use of low-enriched uranium fuel in high-performance reactors. Identification of the stress/strain characteristics is important for understanding the in-reactor performance of these plate-type fuels. For this work, three distinct cases were considered: (1) fabrication induced residual stresses (2) thermal cycling of fabricated plates; and finally (3) transient mechanical behavior under actual operating conditions. Because the temperatures approach the melting temperature of the cladding during the fabrication and thermal cycling, high temperature material properties were incorporated to improve the accuracy. Once residual stress fields due to fabrication process were identified, solution was used as initial state for the subsequent simulations. For thermal cycling simulation, elasto-plastic material model with thermal creep was constructed and residual stresses caused by the fabrication process were included. For in-service simulation, coupled fluid-thermal-structural interaction was considered. First, temperature field on the plates was calculated and this field was used to compute the thermal stresses. For time dependent mechanical behavior, thermal creep of cladding, volumetric swelling and fission induced creep of the fuel foil were considered. The analysis showed that the stresses evolve very rapidly in the reactor. While swelling of the foil increases the stress of the foil, irradiation induced creep causes stress relaxation.

  19. An Action Research Project to Determine the Utility of Bully Prevention in Positive Behavior Support for Elementary School Bullying Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman-Scott, Emily; Doyle, Beth; Brott, Pamelia

    2014-01-01

    A trio of researchers presents a case study from a practical, participatory action research project to demonstrate how one school district implemented a school-wide bullying prevention initiative for all elementary schools based on Bully Prevention in Positive Behavior Support (BP-PBS). The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss the process of…

  20. Exploring Graduate Students’ Attitudes towards Team Research and Their Scholarly Productivity: A Survey Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianlan Wei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the attitudinal and motivational factors underlying graduate students’ attitudes towards team research. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we hypothesize that attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control are three major determinants of graduate students’ intentions to conduct team research. An instrument was developed to measure the influences of these factors on students’ intentions and relevant scholarly productivity. A total of 281 graduate students from a large, comprehensive university in the southwest United States participated in the survey. Descriptive statistics reveal that around two-thirds of graduate students have no co-authored manuscripts submitted for publication since they started graduate school. Factor analyses validated the factor structure of the instrument, and the results of Structural Equation Modeling show that (a graduate students’ attitudes towards team research have a positive correlation with their attitudes towards individual research; (b attitude towards team research, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, along with students’ discipline/major areas and classification, account for 58% of the variance in the intention to conduct team research; and (c subjective norm appears to be the most influential factor in the model, followed by attitude; while perceived behavioral control is not of much importance. These findings provide implications for academic departments and programs to promote graduate students’ team research. Specifically, creating a climate for collaborative research in academic programs/disciplines/universities may work jointly with enhancing students’ appraisals of such collaborations.

  1. An Examination of Social Validity within Single-Case Research with Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spear, Caitlin F.; Strickland-Cohen, M. Kathleen; Romer, Natalie; Albin, Richard W.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we reviewed social validity in single-case research studies that focused on interventions for students who have either been identified as having, or as at-risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. This review focused on studies from four peer-reviewed journals known to publish single-case research with this population: the…

  2. Research program for the evaluation of fission product release and transport behavior focusing on FP chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new research program on severe accidents has been launched for the evaluation of FP release and transport behavior in the BWR system. The purpose of the program is to improve the FP release and transport model using the experimental database of FP chemistry focusing on Cs and I chemistry. In this program, the effects of B including control rod materials, B4C for the Cs and I chemistry are considered. Postulated behaviors in the BWR system for Cs, I, B release and transport are classified into 4 processes based on typical BWR severe accident scenarios. The experimental database used for improvement will consist of results obtained with a newly-prepared test device under an atmosphere with broad-ranging oxygen and/or steam partial pressure simulated in the BWR. The state of preparation for these experimental studies and analyses is introduced. In addition, preliminary testing was initiated to show B chemical effect on Cs and I transport under one of the processes; namely deposited Cs compounds, B vapor and aerosol interaction. In this experiment, 'B stripping effect' to deposited CsI was observed. (author)

  3. A metatheory integrating social, biological and technological factors in information behavior research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon James

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A metatheory is presented and diagrammed as an integrated conceptual framework for information seeking and use. It represents the symbiotic relationship between users and the technological environment. Receiving and adapting to information is achieved through each user’s biological satisficing procedures defined by group information practices, namely, noticing information, appraising it and evaluating it. Information use is achieved through optimizing procedures, namely, activating goal-setting intentions, constructing a plan and executing it through acting upon the technological environment to attain one’s goals. Evidence is given by listing a variety of information seeking behaviors that others have identified in their review of the literature, then showing how each element fits within the model, as well as by analyzing the interpretive discourse of college students while engaged in carrying out assigned information tasks. Each discourse segment in the samples was categorized as either an affective, cognitive or sensorimotor procedure carried out by the user, and transcribed as a string or sequence. This code sequence was then compared with the sequence produced when the model’s mapping is followed. Every discourse sample inspected contained the six categories specified by the model. The metatheory is suitable for providing a common framework for discussing various areas of information behavior research.

  4. RESEARCHES ON GROOMING BEHAVIOR OF THE DAMCALF COUPLE DURING THE FIRST WEEK AFTER CALVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. TRIPON

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is dealing with the maternal behavior during the first week after calving. Researches were carried out during the winter season on Romanian Black and White breed dam-calf couples. The behavior of calves and their mothers was nonstop video recorded during the first, second and seventh day after calving. For a better interpretation the recorded material was divided in three periods for every 24 hours of surveillance: 07:00 to 15:00, 15:00 to 23:00, and 23:00 to 07:00. Calves received attention from their mothers in 18 to 33 grooming periods during the first day after calving. The number of grooming periods decreased to 6 – 15 periods per day in the seventh day after calving. The total length of grooming periods also decreased from the first day to the seventh day after calving from 26.5 minutes to 7.4 minutes on each 8-hour time frame. There were also contacts between mother cows and their calves that were not followed by grooming (sniffing. The number of contacts without grooming was higher during the first two days after calving and decreased on the seventh day after calving. During the first week of life calves received, 55.6 minutes per day of care from their mothers, and there were, on average, 8.1 contacts without grooming between mothers and calves.

  5. Thermal behavior of the nuclear graphite waste generated from the decommissioning of the nuclear research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Hee Chul; Eun, Hee Chul; Lee, Dong Gyu; Cho, Yong Jun; Kang, Young Ae; Lee, Keun Woo; Oh, Won Jin [KAERI, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    This study investigated the thermal behavior of the nuclear graphite waste generated from the decommissioning of the Korean nuclear research reactor. The first part study investigated the decomposition rate of the nuclear graphite waste up to 1000 .deg. C under various oxygen partial pressures using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA). Tested graphite waste sample not easily destroyed in the oxygen-deficient condition. However, the gas-solid oxidation reaction was found to be very effective in the presence of oxygen. No significant amount of the products of incomplete combustion was formed even in the limited oxygen concentration of 4 % O{sub 2}. The influence of temperature and oxygen partial pressure was evaluated by the theoretical model analysis of the thermo-gravimetric data. The activation energy and the reaction order of graphite oxidation were evaluated as 128 kJ/mole and 1.1, respectively. The second part of this study investigated the behavior of radioactive elements under graphite oxidation atmosphere using thermodynamic equilibrium model. {sup 22}Na, {sup 134}Cs and {sup 137}Cs were found be the semi-volatile elements. Since volatile uranium species can be formulated at high temperatures above 1050 .deg. C, the temperature of incinerator furnace should be minimized. Other corrosion/activation products, fission products and uranium were found to be the non-volatile species.

  6. Thermal behavior of the nuclear graphite waste generated from the decommissioning of the nuclear research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study investigated the thermal behavior of the nuclear graphite waste generated from the decommissioning of the Korean nuclear research reactor. The first part study investigated the decomposition rate of the nuclear graphite waste up to 1000 .deg. C under various oxygen partial pressures using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA). Tested graphite waste sample not easily destroyed in the oxygen-deficient condition. However, the gas-solid oxidation reaction was found to be very effective in the presence of oxygen. No significant amount of the products of incomplete combustion was formed even in the limited oxygen concentration of 4 % O2. The influence of temperature and oxygen partial pressure was evaluated by the theoretical model analysis of the thermo-gravimetric data. The activation energy and the reaction order of graphite oxidation were evaluated as 128 kJ/mole and 1.1, respectively. The second part of this study investigated the behavior of radioactive elements under graphite oxidation atmosphere using thermodynamic equilibrium model. 22Na, 134Cs and 137Cs were found be the semi-volatile elements. Since volatile uranium species can be formulated at high temperatures above 1050 .deg. C, the temperature of incinerator furnace should be minimized. Other corrosion/activation products, fission products and uranium were found to be the non-volatile species

  7. Iconicity in the lab: a review of behavioral, developmental, and neuroimaging research into sound-symbolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockwood, Gwilym; Dingemanse, Mark

    2015-01-01

    This review covers experimental approaches to sound-symbolism-from infants to adults, and from Sapir's foundational studies to twenty-first century product naming. It synthesizes recent behavioral, developmental, and neuroimaging work into a systematic overview of the cross-modal correspondences that underpin iconic links between form and meaning. It also identifies open questions and opportunities, showing how the future course of experimental iconicity research can benefit from an integrated interdisciplinary perspective. Combining insights from psychology and neuroscience with evidence from natural languages provides us with opportunities for the experimental investigation of the role of sound-symbolism in language learning, language processing, and communication. The review finishes by describing how hypothesis-testing and model-building will help contribute to a cumulative science of sound-symbolism in human language. PMID:26379581

  8. A RESEARCH ON HEALTHY LIVING BEHAVIORS OF ARCHERY COACHES AND BOXING COACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziya Bahadır

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research was to assess healthy living behaviors of archery coaches and boxing coaches in terms of sportive branch, sportive experience and gender. The study was conducted with boxing coaches (n=119 and archery coaches (n=131. As the data collection tool; “ The Health - Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP - II which was developed by Walker et al . and validity and reliability tests of which were performed by Bahar et al . (2008 was employed. In the study; it was found out that mean score of boxing coaches on P hysical activity subscale was higher than archery coaches . Besides; no statistically significant difference s existed between archery coaches and boxing coaches in terms of gender and sportive experience.

  9. Knowledge and Perception about Clinical Research Shapes Behavior: Face to Face Survey in Korean General Public

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Considering general public as potential patients, identifying factors that hinder public participation poses great importance, especially in a research environment where demands for clinical trial participants outpace the supply. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge and perception about clinical research in general public. A total of 400 Seoul residents with no previous experience of clinical trial participation were selected, as representative of population in Seoul in terms of age and sex. To minimize selection bias, every fifth passer-by was invited to interview, and if in a cluster, person on the very right side was asked. To ensure the uniform use of survey, written instructions have been added to the questionnaire. Followed by pilot test in 40 subjects, the survey was administered face-to-face in December 2014. To investigate how perception shapes behavior, we compared perception scores in those who expressed willingness to participate and those who did not. Remarkably higher percentage of responders stated that they have heard of clinical research, and knew someone who participated (both, P < 0.001) compared to India. Yet, the percentage of responders expressed willingness to participate was 39.3%, a significantly lower rate than the result of the India (58.9% vs. 39.3%, P < 0.001). Treatment benefit was the single most influential reason for participation, followed by financial gain. Concern about safety was the main reason for refusal, succeeded by fear and lack of trust. Public awareness and educational programs addressing these negative perceptions and lack of knowledge will be effective in enhancing public engaged in clinical research.

  10. What’s outside the black box?: The status of behavioral outcomes in neuroscience research

    OpenAIRE

    Berkman, Elliot T.; Lieberman, Matthew D.

    2011-01-01

    Kievit et al.’s target paper exemplifies a trend in recent years in psychology and neuroscience to focus on internal mental and neural processes without integrating actual behavior. We discuss the theoretical status of behavior in the context of their model, and present an extension of the model that explicitly includes behavior. Several theoretical and methodological issues relevant to integrating behavior into the model are considered, particularly the distinction between behavior as measur...

  11. The construct of food involvement in behavioral research: scale development and validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Rick; Marshall, David W

    2003-06-01

    The construct of involvement has been found to influence brand loyalty, product information search processing, responses to advertising communications, diffusion of innovations, and ultimately, product choice decisions. Traditionally, involvement has been defined as being a characteristic of either a product or of an individual. In the present research, we make an assumption that an individual's 'food involvement' is a somewhat stable characteristic and we hypothesized that involvement with foods would vary between individuals, that individuals who are more highly involved with food would be better able to discriminate between a set of food samples than would less food involved individuals, and that this discrimination would operate both in affective and perceptive relative judgments. Using standard scale construction techniques, we developed a measure of the characteristic of food involvement, based on activities relating to food acquisition, preparation, cooking, eating and disposal. After several iterations, a final 12-item measure was found to have good test-retest reliability and internal consistency within two subscales. A behavioral validation study demonstrated that measures of food involvement were associated with discrimination and hedonic ratings for a range of foods in a laboratory setting. These findings suggest that food involvement, as measured by the Food Involvement Scale, may be an important mediator to consider when undertaking research with food and food habits. PMID:12798781

  12. Using Market Research to Characterize College Students and Identify Potential Targets for Influencing Health Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Carla J; Ling, Pamela M; Guo, Hongfei; Windle, Michael; Thomas, Janet L; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S; An, Lawrence C

    2010-12-01

    Marketing campaigns, such as those developed by the tobacco industry, are based on market research, which defines segments of a population by assessing psychographic characteristics (i.e., attitudes, interests). This study uses a similar approach to define market segments of college smokers, to examine differences in their health behaviors (smoking, drinking, binge drinking, exercise, diet), and to determine the validity of these segments. A total of 2,265 undergraduate students aged 18-25 years completed a 108-item online survey in fall 2008 assessing demographic, psychographic (i.e., attitudes, interests), and health-related variables. Among the 753 students reporting past 30-day smoking, cluster analysis was conducted using 21 psychographic questions and identified three market segments - Stoic Individualists, Responsible Traditionalists, and Thrill-Seeking Socializers. We found that segment membership was related to frequency of alcohol use, binge drinking, and limiting dietary fat. We then developed three messages targeting each segment and conducted message testing to validate the segments on a subset of 73 smokers representing each segment in spring 2009. As hypothesized, each segment indicated greater relevance and salience for their respective message. These findings indicate that identifying qualitatively different subgroups of young adults through market research may inform the development of engaging interventions and health campaigns targeting college students. PMID:25264429

  13. A review of research programs related to the behavior of plutonium in the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plutonium-fueled radioisotopic heat sources find application in a spectrum of space, terrestrial, and underseas applications to generate electrical power by thermoelectric or dynamic-cycle conversion. Such systems under postulated accident conditions could release radioactivity into the environment resulting in risks to the general population. The released radioactivity could be dispersed into various environmental media, such as air, soil, and water and interact with people through various exposure pathways leading to inhalation, ingestion, and external radiological doses and associated health effects. The authors developed short-term exposure (RISK II) and long-term exposure (RISK III) models for use in safety risk assessments of space missions utilizing plutonium-fueled electric power systems. To effectively use these models in risk assessments, representative input values must be selected for a spectrum of environmental transfer parameters that characterize the behavior of plutonium in the environment. The selection of appropriate transfer parameters to be used in a given analysis will depend on the accident scenarios to be modeled and the terrestrial and aquatic environments to be encountered. The authors reviewed the availability of plutonium in the environment. This report summarizes the research programs presently being conducted at six Department of Energy Laboratories and makes recommendations on areas where further research is needed to fill gaps in the data necessary for risk assessments

  14. Using Market Research to Characterize College Students and Identify Potential Targets for Influencing Health Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Carla J.; Ling, Pamela M.; Guo, Hongfei; Windle, Michael; Thomas, Janet L.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.; An, Lawrence C.

    2013-01-01

    Marketing campaigns, such as those developed by the tobacco industry, are based on market research, which defines segments of a population by assessing psychographic characteristics (i.e., attitudes, interests). This study uses a similar approach to define market segments of college smokers, to examine differences in their health behaviors (smoking, drinking, binge drinking, exercise, diet), and to determine the validity of these segments. A total of 2,265 undergraduate students aged 18–25 years completed a 108-item online survey in fall 2008 assessing demographic, psychographic (i.e., attitudes, interests), and health-related variables. Among the 753 students reporting past 30-day smoking, cluster analysis was conducted using 21 psychographic questions and identified three market segments – Stoic Individualists, Responsible Traditionalists, and Thrill-Seeking Socializers. We found that segment membership was related to frequency of alcohol use, binge drinking, and limiting dietary fat. We then developed three messages targeting each segment and conducted message testing to validate the segments on a subset of 73 smokers representing each segment in spring 2009. As hypothesized, each segment indicated greater relevance and salience for their respective message. These findings indicate that identifying qualitatively different subgroups of young adults through market research may inform the development of engaging interventions and health campaigns targeting college students. PMID:25264429

  15. A review of research programs related to the behavior of plutonium in the environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartram, Bart W.; Wilkinson, Martha J.

    1983-06-15

    Plutonium-fueled radioisotopic heat sources find application in a spectrum of space, terrestrial, and underseas applications to generate electrical power by thermoelectric or dynamic-cycle conversion. Such systems under postulated accident conditions could release radioactivity into the environment resulting in risks to the general population. The released radioactivity could be dispersed into various environmental media, such as air, soil, and water and interact with people through various exposure pathways leading to inhalation, ingestion, and external radiological doses and associated health effects. The authors developed short-term exposure (RISK II) and long-term exposure (RISK III) models for use in safety risk assessments of space missions utilizing plutonium-fueled electric power systems. To effectively use these models in risk assessments, representative input values must be selected for a spectrum of environmental transfer parameters that characterize the behavior of plutonium in the environment. The selection of appropriate transfer parameters to be used in a given analysis will depend on the accident scenarios to be modeled and the terrestrial and aquatic environments to be encountered. The authors reviewed the availability of plutonium in the environment. This report summarizes the research programs presently being conducted at six Department of Energy Laboratories and makes recommendations on areas where further research is needed to fill gaps in the data necessary for risk assessments

  16. Developmental and environmental influences on physiology and behavior--2014 Alan N. Epstein Research Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamashiro, Kellie L K

    2015-12-01

    Environmental factors acting during development of an individual may influence future health and disease susceptibility. Stressors, including altered diet, psychosocial stress, and immune challenge, during gestation can have negative consequences on the intrauterine environment and increase disease susceptibility of the developing fetus. The long-term effects on offspring have been observed in humans and include greater susceptibility to psychiatric disease, such as depression and anxiety disorders, and adverse metabolic conditions including obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Studies in my laboratory use rodent models and incorporate a multilevel approach to determine the behavioral, physiological, and neurobiological correlates of disease development as a consequence of early life stressors. The road I took in developing this research program was a rather circuitous one and navigating that path would not have been possible without the many mentors, colleagues, fellows and students who provided critical support. Although my name appears on the plaque of the Alan N. Epstein Research Award, I share this with all those I had the privilege of working with along that road, as briefly summarized in this article. PMID:26291266

  17. Research on Browsing Behavior in the Libraries: An Empirical Analysis of Consequences, Success and Influences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Browsing as an important part of human information behavior has been observed and investigated in the context of information seeking in the library in general and has assumed greater importance in human-machine interaction in particular. However, the nature and consequences of browsing are not well understood, and little is known of the success rate of such behavior.In this research, exploratory empirical case studies from three types of libraries were conducted, using questionnaires, observation logs, interviews, and computer search logs, to derive the empirical evidence to understand, from the user point of view, what are the consequences of browsing, what constitutes successful browsing, and what factors influence the extent of browsing. Content analysis and statistical analysis were conducted to analyze and synthesize the data. The research results show: (1 There are nine categories of the consequence of browsing, including accidental findings, modification of information need, found the desirable information, learning, feeling relaxation/recreational, information gathering, keeping updated, satisfying curiosity, and not finding what is needed. (2 Four factors that produce successful browsing: intention, the amount or quality of information, the utility of what is found, and help for solving problem or making judgment. (3 Three types of reasons for unsuccessful experience in browsing: not finding what one wanted, inadequate volume or quality of information, and not finding some things useful or interesting. (4 Three types of reasons for partial success: found the intended object but not happy with the quality or amount of information in it, not finding what one wanted but discovering new or potential useful information, not accomplish one purpose but achieve another one given multiple purposes. (5 The influential factors that affect the extent one engages in browsing include browser’s time, scheme of information organization, proximity to

  18. The information behaviors of life and health scientists and health care providers: characteristics of the research literature.

    OpenAIRE

    Detlefsen, E G

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In a literature-based discussion of research on the information behaviors of life and health scientists and health care practitioners, the problem of characterizing this complex literature is discussed. The issue of terminology for this interdisciplinary area is raised. The paucity of models for information seeking behavior that have been tested in a health care population is discussed, as are the frequently used methods of investigation and data collection methods. METHODS: By an...

  19. Factors associated with biosafety level-2 research workers' laboratory exit handwashing behaviors and glove removal compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, James D; Merrill, Ray M; Zimmerman, Grant C; Collingwood, Scott C; Reading, James C

    2016-04-01

    Biosafety level-2 laboratories are designated for work with human-derived samples or moderate-risk microorganisms that transmit primarily by direct contact exposures. Many laboratory procedures generate unseen droplets that contaminate workers' hands, equipment, and work surfaces. Workers' strict adherence to glove removal and handwashing is required prior to laboratory exit to prevent inadvertent transmission of pathogens to self or others. However, little is known about biosafety level-2 workers' compliance with these behaviors. In this article, glove removal and handwashing compliance upon laboratory exit were measured by direct observation of 93 biosafety level-2 research workers from 21 university laboratories. Participants completed a 41-item survey measuring social cognitive theory-based variables related to handwashing, self-reported compliance, and demographic factors. Survey items, observed exit frequency, and laboratory characteristics were evaluated for associations with handwashing compliance. Overall, observed glove removal and handwashing compliance upon laboratory exit were 43.0% (Standard Error [SE] = 2.3%), and 8.2% (SE = 1.2%), respectively, while workers' self-reported glove removal and handwashing compliance were 73.7% (SE = 3.6%) and 35.5% (SE = 4.1%), respectively. The average number of observed laboratory exits per hour was 2.8 for workers with any handwashing compliance vs. 5.4 for workers with no handwashing compliance (p = 0.0013). Among the cognitive variables, behavioral modeling by supervisors and coworkers had the strongest association with workers' compliance (slope = 3.5, SE = 1.3, p = 0.0113). Workers in laboratories with a written handwashing policy had higher compliance (Mean = 14.1%, SE = 5.9%) than workers in laboratories with no written policy (Mean = 1.1%, SE = 1.0%; p = 0.0488). Multi-faceted interventions that encourage modeling of the behavior by supervisors and coworkers, implementation of written handwashing policies

  20. Computational analysis of thermo-hydraulic behavior of TRIGA research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Key thermal hydraulic parameters of the 3 MW TRIGA Mark-II research reactor were investigated under steady-state conditions. ► The thermal hydraulic codes NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2 were employed for investigation. ► The NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2 model calculations were benchmarked through the TRIGA experimental and operational data. ► The result obtained in this investigation can be used for upgrading the current core configuration of the TRIGA reactor. -- Abstract: Key thermal hydraulic parameters of the 3 MW TRIGA Mark-II research reactor operating under steady-state conditions were investigated using the thermal hydraulic codes NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2. Results of the neutronic analysis performed by 3-D Monte Carlo code MCNP4C were used in NCTRIGA and coupled output of neutronic analysis carried out by using 3-D diffusion code CITATION and 3-D Monte Carlo code MCNP4B2 were used in the PARET to study the steady-state thermal hydraulic behavior of the reactor. To benchmark the NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2 models, data were obtained from different measurements executed by thermocouples in the instrumented fuel elements (C1 and D2) and the hottest fuel element (C4) during the steady-state operation both under forced and natural convection mode and compared with the calculation found to be quite consistent. The mass flow rates needed for input to PARET and COOLOD-N2 were taken from final safety analysis report (FSAR) for a downward forced coolant flow equivalent to 3500 gpm. For natural convection cooling of reactor, mass flow rate was generated using NCTRIGA code. The testing of the NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2 model calculations through benchmarking the available TRIGA experimental and operational data showed that NCTRIGA, PARET and COOLOD-N2 codes can successfully be used to analyze the thermal hydraulic behavior of the reactor for the steady-state operation under both natural and forced convection mode of coolant flow to predict

  1. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Vapor film collapse behavior on high temperature particle surface. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-3. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, Yutaka [Tsukuba Univ., Institute of Engineering Mechanics and Systems, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2002-03-01

    The experimental researches were conducted to study vapor film collapse behavior on high temperature melted core material coarsely mixed in the coolant under the film boiling condition. The film collapse is very important incipient incident of the trigger process for the vapor explosion in sever accident of nuclear reactor. In the experiment, pressure pulse was applied to the vapor film on a high temperature particle surface simulating melted core material to observed microscopic vapor film collapse behavior with a high-speed video camera of 40,500 fps. The particle surface temperature and pressure around the particle were simultaneously measured. The transition of the vapor film thickness and two-dimensional vapor-liquid interface movement and the velocity were estimated with visual data analysis technique, PIV and digital data analysis technique. Furthermore, heat conduction analysis was performed to estimate the vapor-liquid interfacial temperature with the measured temperature and estimated vapor film thickness. As the results, it was clarified that the vapor-liquid interface changed white from transparent view for all the experimental conditions. It is also clarified that the vapor-liquid interfacial temperature decreased under the saturation temperature when the pressure pulse arrive at the particle. The experimental facts indicates the possibility that the vapor film collapse occurs due to the liquid phase homogeneous moving toward the particle drove by the pressure reduction caused by the phase change inside the vapor film. (author)

  2. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Vapor film collapse behavior on high temperature particle surface. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-3. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental researches were conducted to study vapor film collapse behavior on high temperature melted core material coarsely mixed in the coolant under the film boiling condition. The film collapse is very important incipient incident of the trigger process for the vapor explosion in sever accident of nuclear reactor. In the experiment, pressure pulse was applied to the vapor film on a high temperature particle surface simulating melted core material to observed microscopic vapor film collapse behavior with a high-speed video camera of 40,500 fps. The particle surface temperature and pressure around the particle were simultaneously measured. The transition of the vapor film thickness and two-dimensional vapor-liquid interface movement and the velocity were estimated with visual data analysis technique, PIV and digital data analysis technique. Furthermore, heat conduction analysis was performed to estimate the vapor-liquid interfacial temperature with the measured temperature and estimated vapor film thickness. As the results, it was clarified that the vapor-liquid interface changed white from transparent view for all the experimental conditions. It is also clarified that the vapor-liquid interfacial temperature decreased under the saturation temperature when the pressure pulse arrive at the particle. The experimental facts indicates the possibility that the vapor film collapse occurs due to the liquid phase homogeneous moving toward the particle drove by the pressure reduction caused by the phase change inside the vapor film. (author)

  3. From classic ethology to modern neuroethology: overcoming the three biases in social behavior research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilkha, Noga; Sofer, Yizhak; Beny, Yamit; Kimchi, Tali

    2016-06-01

    A typical current study investigating the neurobiology of animal behavior is likely restricted to male subjects, of standard inbred mouse strains, tested in simple behavioral assays under laboratory conditions. This approach enables the use of advanced molecular tools, alongside standardization and reproducibility, and has led to tremendous discoveries. However, the cost is a loss of genetic and phenotypic diversity and a divergence from ethologically-relevant behaviors. Here we review the pros and cons in behavioral neuroscience studies of the new era, focusing on reproductive behaviors in rodents. Recent advances in molecular technology and behavioral phenotyping in semi-natural conditions, together with an awareness of the critical need to study both sexes, may provide new insights into the neural mechanisms underlying social behaviors. PMID:27179302

  4. Predictive Value of Baseline Electronic Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale (eC–SSRS) Assessments for Identifying Risk of Prospective Reports of Suicidal Behavior During Research Participation

    OpenAIRE

    Greist, John H.; Mundt, James C.; Gwaltney, Chad J.; Jefferson, James W; Posner, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Examine the ability of baseline electronic Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale lifetime suicidal ideation and behavior categories to predict prospective reports of suicidal behavior in psychiatric and non-psychiatric research participants.

  5. Putting in Work: Qualitative Research on Substance Use and Other Risk Behaviors Among Gang Youth in Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson-Bloom, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    Gang youth are notoriously difficult to access for research purposes. Despite this difficulty, qualitative research about substance use among gang youth is important because research indicates that such youth use more substances than their nongang peers. This manuscript discusses how a small sample of gang youth (n = 60) in Los Angeles was accessed and interviewed during a National Institute of Drug Abuse-funded pilot study on substance use and other risk behaviors. Topics discussed include the rationale and operationalization of the research methodology, working with community-based organizations, and the recruitment of different gang youth with varying levels of substance use. PMID:20222782

  6. Considering the role of social dynamics and positional behavior in gestural communication research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lindsey W; Delgado, Roberto A

    2013-09-01

    While the hominin fossil record cannot inform us on either the presence or extent of social and cognitive abilities that may have paved the way for the emergence of language, studying non-vocal communication among our closest living relatives, the African apes, may provide valuable information about how language originated. Although much has been learned from gestural signaling in non-human primates, we have not yet established how and why gestural repertoires vary across species, what factors influence this variation, and how knowledge of these differences can contribute to an understanding of gestural signaling's contribution to language evolution. In this paper, we review arguments surrounding the theory that language evolved from gestural signaling and suggest some important factors to consider when conducting comparative studies of gestural communication among African apes. Specifically, we propose that social dynamics and positional behavior are critical components that shape the frequency and nature of gestural signaling across species and we argue that an understanding of these factors could shed light on how gestural communication may have been the basis of human language. We outline predictions for the influence of these factors on the frequencies and types of gestures used across the African apes and highlight the importance of including these factors in future gestural communication research with primates. PMID:23564649

  7. Parenting practices and child disruptive behavior problems in early elementary school. Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stormshak, E A; Bierman, K L; McMahon, R J; Lengua, L J

    2000-03-01

    Examined the hypothesis that distinct parenting practices may be associated with type and profile of a child's disruptive behavior problems (e.g., oppositional, aggressive, hyperactive). Parents of 631 behaviorally disruptive children described the extent to which they experienced warm and involved interactions with their children and the extent to which their discipline strategies were inconsistent and punitive and involved spanking and physical aggression. As expected from a developmental perspective, parenting practices that included punitive interactions were associated with elevated rates of all child disruptive behavior problems. Low levels of warm involvement were particularly characteristic of parents of children who showed elevated levels of oppositional behaviors. Physically aggressive parenting was linked more specifically with child aggression. In general, parenting practices contributed more to the prediction of oppositional and aggressive behavior problems than to hyperactive behavior problems, and parenting influences were fairly consistent across ethnic groups and sex. PMID:10693029

  8. Making a stronger case for comparative research to investigate the behavioral and neurological bases of three-dimensional navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardi, Daniele; Bingman, Verner P

    2013-10-01

    The rich diversity of avian natural history provides exciting possibilities for comparative research aimed at understanding three-dimensional navigation. We propose some hypotheses relating differences in natural history to potential behavioral and neurological adaptations possessed by contrasting bird species. This comparative approach may offer unique insights into some of the important questions raised by Jeffery et al. PMID:24103612

  9. Advancing Intervention Research in School Psychology: Finding the Balance between Process and Outcome for Social and Behavioral Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappella, Elise; Reinke, Wendy M.; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.

    2011-01-01

    School psychology research focused on child outcomes is critical for understanding which social and behavioral interventions affect children in schools. Yet effective interventions fulfill their promise when they fit their implementation contexts, are implemented well with existing resources, and can be sustained or scaled up to new populations.…

  10. Prevalence and types of mobbing behavior: A research on banking employees

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Gök

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a case study of the most frequently observed types of mobbing behavior, the level of exposure to mobbing behavior according to the characteristics of participants and the prevalence of bullying among a group of banking employees in Istanbul, Turkey. 384 participants were assessed by a questionnaire including 18 item mobbing behaviors. The results has shown that exposure to mobbing in this study group is widespread. 32% of the participants were determined to be victims of...

  11. Research advances of un-symmetric constitutive theory of anisotropic viscoelastic liquids and its hydrodynamic behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩式方

    2008-01-01

    Research advances of un-symmetric constitutive equation of anisotropic fluid,influence of un-symmetric stress tensor on material functions,vibrational shear flow of the fluid with small amplitudes and rheology of anisotropic suspension were reported.A new concept of simple anisotropic fluid was introduced.On the basis of anisotropic principle,the simple fluid stress behaviour was described by velocity gradient tensor F and spin tensor W instead of velocity gradient tensor D in the classic Leslie-Ericksen continuum theory.Two relaxation times analyzing rheological nature of the fluid and using tensor analysis a general form of the constitutive equation of co-rotational type was introduced.More general model LCP-H for the fluid was developed.The unsymmetry of the shear stress was predicted by the present continuum theory for anisotropic viscoelastic fluid-LC polymer liquids.The influence of the relaxation times on material functions was specially studied.It is important to study the unsteady vibrational rotating flow with small amplitudes,as it is a best way to obtain knowledge of elasticity of the LC polymer,i.e.dynamic viscoelasticity.For the shear-unsymmetric stresses,two shear stresses were obtained thus two complex viscosities and two complex shear modulus(i.e.first and second one) were introduced by the constitutive equation which was defined by rotating shear rate introduced by author.For the two stability problems of fluid,such as stability of hydrodynamic flow and orientational motion,were discussed.The results show that the polymer suspension systems exhibit anisotropic character.The PNC systems can exhibit significant shear-thinning effects.For more concentrated polymer nano-suspensions,the first normal stress difference change from positive to negative,which is similar to LC polymer behavior.

  12. A Systematic Review of Oral Health Behavior Research in American Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderon, Susana J.; Mallory, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Despite improvements in prevention, oral diseases are a problem among adolescents, linked to poor health outcomes and poor school performance. Little is known about adolescent oral health behavior. This systematic review describes factors that influence oral health behavior in adolescents. Inclusion criteria for the literature search were American…

  13. An Analysis of Verbal Stimulus Control in Intraverbal Behavior: Implications for Practice and Applied Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eikeseth, Svein; Smith, Dean P.

    2013-01-01

    A common characteristic of the language deficits experienced by children with autism (and other developmental disorders) is their failure to acquire a complex intraverbal repertoire. The difficulties with learning intraverbal behaviors may, in part, be related to the fact that the stimulus control for such behaviors usually involves highly complex…

  14. Researching Travel Behavior and Adaptability: Using a Virtual Reality Role-Playing Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watcharasukarn, Montira; Krumdieck, Susan; Green, Richard; Dantas, Andre

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a virtual reality role-playing game that was developed as a survey tool to collect travel behavior data and explore and monitor travel behavior adaptation. The Advanced Energy and Material Systems Laboratory has designed, developed a prototype, and tested such a game platform survey tool, called Travel Activity Constraint…

  15. About Skinner and Time: Behavior-Analytic Contributions to Research on Animal Timing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lejeune, Helga; Richelle, Marc; Wearden, J. H.

    2006-01-01

    The article discusses two important influences of B. F. Skinner, and later workers in the behavior-analytic tradition, on the study of animal timing. The first influence is methodological, and is traced from the invention of schedules imposing temporal constraints or periodicities on animals in "The Behavior of Organisms," through the rate…

  16. Information-Seeking Behavior in the Digital Age: A Multidisciplinary Study of Academic Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Xuemei

    2010-01-01

    This article focuses on how electronic information resources influence the information-seeking process in the social sciences and humanities. It examines the information-seeking behavior of scholars in these fields, and extends the David Ellis model of information-seeking behavior for social scientists, which includes six characteristics:…

  17. Introduction to the Special Series: What Can Personality Science Offer Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadel, William G.

    2004-01-01

    Personality, as a construct, has been largely ignored or misapplied in the clinical and/or cognitive-behavioral literature. This article discusses the history of the concept of personality in clinical psychology and in cognitive-behavioral approaches and provides the main rationale for this special series. The articles that comprise the series…

  18. Translating Basic Behavioral and Social Science Research to Clinical Application: The EVOLVE Mixed Methods Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Janey C.; Czajkowski, Susan; Charlson, Mary E.; Link, Alissa R.; Wells, Martin T.; Isen, Alice M.; Mancuso, Carol A.; Allegrante, John P.; Boutin-Foster, Carla; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Jobe, Jared B.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe a mixed-methods approach to develop and test a basic behavioral science-informed intervention to motivate behavior change in 3 high-risk clinical populations. Our theoretically derived intervention comprised a combination of positive affect and self-affirmation (PA/SA), which we applied to 3 clinical chronic disease…

  19. Health Behavior Theories and Research: Implications for Suicidal Individuals' Treatment Linkage and Adherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gipson, Polly; King, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    Treatment linkage and adherence to psychotherapeutic interventions can be challenging with suicidal individuals. Health behavior theories, specifically the Health Belief Model, Stages of Change, and Theory of Planned Behavior, focus on individuals' beliefs, their readiness to change, their perceptions of illness severity and "threat," their…

  20. Stimulating Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Research For Theory Development: Exploration Of Leadership Paradigms

    OpenAIRE

    Abdu Ja’afaru Bambale; Faridahwatimohd Shamsudin; Chandrakantan A/L Subramaniam

    2011-01-01

    This paper synthesizes major leadership paradigms for the purpose of identifying possible ways of influencing Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs) to improve the functioning of organizations. The leadership paradigms were extended to old and modern categories to provide for systematic understanding of their antecedents and potential influence patterns. The leadership approaches reported to have positive relationships with organizational citizenship behaviors include transformational le...

  1. Remitted depression moderates self-injurious behavior in personality-disordered research volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    McCloskey, Michael S.; Gollan, Jackie K.; Berman, Mitchell E.

    2007-01-01

    The moderating effects of depression on self-injurious behavior among personality-disordered individuals (N = 40) was examined. Self-injurious behavior (SIB) was assessed using a well-validated laboratory measure. Remitted depression was associated with greater sensitivity to self-aggressive cues, indicating that remitted depression may be a risk factor for SIB.

  2. The Dimensions of Influence on Research Administrator Behavior: Toward a Theoretical Model of Research Administration as a Public Service Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Timothy N.; Gilleland, Diane S.; Barrett, T. Gregory

    2007-01-01

    As the Society of Research Administrators International enters its 40th anniversary, it will become necessary to critically evaluate the state of the research administration profession to chart new directions and new ideas, and to solidify our educational, professional and scholarly agendas for the future. What follows is a critical synthesis and…

  3. A Research on Class Teachers Related to Determining the Effects of Consumers’ Personal Values on Sustainable Consumption Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rıdvan Karalar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The world’s sources about to running out have been realised as a result of that population increase and economic development to be lived in the twentieth century have caused the transformation from the notion of unlimited economic development to sustainable development notion. Sustainable development is a model that predicts existing generation satisfies their needs without that next generation’s satisfy their need. Projection of sustainable development on marketing area have been actualized by means of coming up with sustainable marketing approach. Sustainable marketing approach predict to create sustainable solutions by adding conformity with eco-system in addition to achieving organizational goals and satisfy consumers’ needs which traditional marketing’s goals. The target of sustainable development notion in regard of consumption is to be accepted sustainable consumption behavior. It requires inquiring factors affecting behavior in question because sustainable consumption pattern to be accepted and spread to the world. In the study examined that individual values affecting sustainable consumption behavior of class teacher who work at elementary schools in Kutahya, Merkez. The findings indicate the significant effect of universalism and security values type in sustainable consumption behavior. Also, it is found that frequency of sustainable consumption behavior is mid-level. The results of this research have significant implications for stakeholders of sustainable consumption and future research.

  4. Current status of research on FBR fuel behavior under accident conditions and the relevant NSRR program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the situation that the development of demonstration FBR is being materialized, a substantial research on safety of core fuels under accident conditions is required as the part of the research and development program. The experimental study of fuel integrity against over power accidents etc. and failure behavior is important to establish a criteria for safety evaluation of FBR's. In this report, the scope of the program which is planned in NSRR is shown after reviewing other related experiments and examining the research region left undone. Major in-core experiments on fuel failure are surveyed wide in the view point of experimental region and the inquired results are summarized. Subsequently, the items and methods due to the NSRR experiment program is discussed. The experimental facility plan and the results of preliminary analysis on the fuel energy deposition and temperature behavior are also introduced. (author)

  5. The Role of Serotonin (5-HT) in Behavioral Control: Findings from Animal Research and Clinical Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, CL; Biskup, CS; Herpertz, S.; Gaber, TJ; Kuhn, CM; Hood, SH; Zepf, FD

    2015-01-01

    The neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine both have a critical role in the underlying neurobiology of different behaviors. With focus on the interplay between dopamine and serotonin, it has been proposed that dopamine biases behavior towards habitual responding, and with serotonin offsetting this phenomenon and directing the balance toward more flexible, goal-directed responding. The present focus paper stands in close relationship to the publication by Worbe et al. (2015), which deals wit...

  6. Conceptualizing Context and Its Relationship to the Information Behavior in Disseertation Research Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L.Chang、Yu-Ya Lee

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:4-18

    Context has been addressed as an influential factor of human information behavior. However, there is no consensus on what constitutes a context, or what the relationship between context and information behavior is. In this paper we explore the notions of context and describe the relationship between context and information behavior based on empirical findings, and reviews of current· literature. Our finding suggests that context is stratified and dynamic.

    A context is consisted of several situations, and each situation is defined by a set of related contextual factors. In this way, we propose a new approach to represent the context and situation. At different levels of context, multiple relationships between context and information behavior are identified, including the association relationship, the interaction relationship, and the one-directional relationship. These findings substantiate the concept of situation in Dervin's Sense-making approach, the concept of information horizon proposed by Sonnenwald, and Ingwersen's cognitive model of IR interaction. The multiple relationships between context and information behavior imply that information behavior is related to, but not equal to the process of problem solving. In contrast, information behavior can be viewed as a response of certain situation in the context.

  7. Using Multiple Interviewers in Qualitative Research Studies: The Influence of Ethic of Care Behaviors in Research Interview Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteson, Shirley M.; Lincoln, Yvonna S.

    2009-01-01

    This study considered the methodological implications of a qualitative study that involved two research practitioners as interviewers, one male and one female, who conducted semistructured cognitive interviews with middle school students. During the reading and analysis of interview transcriptions, differences were noted between the interviewers'…

  8. Clinical information behavior of rehabilitation therapists: a review of the research on occupational therapists, physical therapists, and speech-language pathologists*

    OpenAIRE

    Kloda, Lorie Andrea; Bartlett, Joan C.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: The review sought to synthesize existing research relevant to rehabilitation therapists' clinical information behavior and to identify gaps in evidence, particularly in comparison to what is already known about the information behavior of other health professionals, such as physicians. Methods: A literature review was conducted of both quantitative and qualitative research studies that included information on the clinical information behavior of occupational therapists, p...

  9. Academic Generations and Academic Work: Patterns of Attitudes, Behaviors and Research Productivity of Polish Academics after 1989

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiek, Marek

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on a generational change taking place in the Polish academic profession: a change in behaviors and attitudes between two groups of academics. One was socialized to academia under the communist regime (1945-1989) and the other entered the profession in the post-1989 transition period. Academics of all age groups are beginning to learn how tough the competition for research funding is, but young academics (“academics under 40”), being the target of recent policy initiat...

  10. From Bench to Bedside: Understanding Stress-Obesity Research Within the Context of Translation to Improve Pediatric Behavioral Weight Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Amy F; Fahrenkamp, Amy J

    2016-06-01

    A growing body of literature suggests that stress, including chronic stress and acute physiologic stress reactivity, is one contributor to the development and maintenance of obesity in youth. Little has been done to apply the literature on stress and obesity risk to inform the development of pediatric behavioral weight control (BWC) interventions. The aims of this review are to (1) discuss research linking stress and pediatric obesity, (2) provide examples of the implications of the stress-obesity research for pediatric BWC development, and (3) propose that a mindfulness-based approach may be useful in targeting stress reduction within pediatric BWC. PMID:27261542

  11. Science teacher characteristics by teacher behavior and by student outcome: A meta-analysis of research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Druva, Cynthia Ann; Anderson, Ronald D.

    A meta-analysis was conducted of studies which addressed characteristics (gender, course-work, IQ, etc.) as the independent factor, and: (1) their teaching behavior in the classroom (questioning behavior, teaching orientation, etc.); and (2) student outcome characteristics (achievement, attitude toward science, etc.) as the two dependent factors. The population under study was science classes, ranging from kindergarten through twelfth grade, located in the United States, and the teachers of these classes. The studies integrated were reported in dissertations, journal articles, and other forms. Relationship data obtained from the studies were converted to Pearson product moment correlations. In general, quite low relationships were found between teacher background characteristics and (1) their touching behavior in the classroom and (2) student outcome characteristics. Summary tables showing the relationships are presented along with discussion of the strongest relationships.

  12. Prevalence and types of mobbing behavior: A research on banking employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Gök

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a case study of the most frequently observed types of mobbing behavior, the level of exposure to mobbing behavior according to the characteristics of participants and the prevalence of bullying among a group of banking employees in Istanbul, Turkey. 384 participants were assessed by a questionnaire including 18 item mobbing behaviors. The results has shown that exposure to mobbing in this study group is widespread. 32% of the participants were determined to be victims of mobbing (during the entire working life. 16% of participants reported that they had been bullied at their workplaces within the last year. Significant difference was found between the tenure of the participants and their exposure to mobbing. Also, the supervisor was reported as a perpetrator by 69.9% of mobbing victims in the sample.

  13. Gender, Culture, and Suicidal Behavior: A Feminist Critique of Theories and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Range, Lillian M.; Leach, Mark M.

    1998-01-01

    Philosophical roots of suicide research are examined, and alternative feminist research approaches are described. By challenging scientific tradition, focusing on women, considering power, recognizing gender constructs, maintaining awareness of the power of language, and promoting active, practical applications, researchers can combine traditional…

  14. Animal Research on Effects of Experience on Brain and Behavior: Implications for Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenzweig, Mark R.

    2002-01-01

    This article first considers how plasticity of the brain in response to differential experience was discovered in research with laboratory rats around 1960. Animal research soon followed on effects of enriched experience as therapy for brain dysfunction. Relations between animal research and some human therapies are considered. (Contains…

  15. Understanding Research Gaps and Priorities for Improving Behavioral Counseling Interventions: Lessons Learned From the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurth, Ann E; Miller, Therese L; Woo, Meghan; Davidson, Karina W

    2015-09-01

    Behavioral counseling interventions can address significant causes of preventable morbidity and mortality. However, despite a growing evidence base for behavioral counseling interventions, there remain significant research gaps that limit translating the evidence into clinical practice. Using U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) examples, we address how researchers and funders can move the research portfolio forward to achieve better application of behavioral counseling interventions to address substantial health burdens in the U.S. This paper describes the types of gaps that the USPSTF encounters across its behavioral counseling intervention topics and provides suggestions for opportunities to address these gaps to enhance the evidence base for primary care-based behavioral counseling recommendations. To accomplish this, we draw from both the USPSTF experience and issues identified by researchers and clinicians during the USPSTF-sponsored Behavioral Counseling Intervention Forum. We also discuss the dilemma posed by having "insufficient" evidence with which to make a behavioral counseling intervention-related recommendation, and describe two case examples (screening for alcohol misuse in adolescence and screening for child maltreatment), detailing the research gaps that remain. Recommendations are outlined for researchers, funders, and practice implementers to improve behavioral counseling intervention research and application. PMID:26296550

  16. Behavioral health referrals and treatment initiation rates in integrated primary care: a Collaborative Care Research Network study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auxier, Andrea; Runyan, Christine; Mullin, Daniel; Mendenhall, Tai; Young, Jessica; Kessler, Rodger

    2012-09-01

    Although the benefits of integrating behavioral health (BH) services into primary care are well established (World Health Organization and World Organization of Family Doctors, 2012; Chiles et al. in Clin Psychol-Sci Pr 6:204-220, 1999; Cummings 1997; O'Donohue et al. 2003; Olfson et al. in Health Aff 18:79-93, 1999; Katon et al. in Ann Intern Med 124:917-925, 2001; Simon et al. in Arch Gen Psychiatry 52:850-856, 1995; Anderson et al. in Diabetes Care 24:1069-1078, 2001; Ciechanowski et al. in Arch Intern Med 160:3278-3285, 2000; Egede et al. in Diabetes Care 25:464-470, 2002), research has focused primarily on describing the types of interventions behavioral health providers (BHPs) employ rather than on reasons for referral, treatment initiation rates, or the patient characteristics that may impact them. This study presents the results of a multisite card study organized by The Collaborative Care Research Network, a subnetwork of the American Academy of Family Physicians' National Research Network devoted to conducting practice-based research focused on the provision of BH and health behavior services within primary care practices. The goals of the study included: (1) identifying the characteristics of patients referred for BH services; (2) codifying reasons for referral and whether patients were treated for the referral; (3) exploring any differences between patients who initiated BH contact and those who did not; and (4) assessing the types and frequency of BH services provided to patients who attended at least one appointment. Of the 200 patients referred to a BHP, 81 % had an initial contact, 71 % of which occurred on the same day. Men and women were equally likely to engage with a BHP although the time between appointments varied by gender. Depression and anxiety were the primary reasons for referral. Practice-based research is a viable strategy for advancing the knowledge about integrated primary care. PMID:24073133

  17. Beyond Knowledge: Service Learning and Local Climate Change Research Engagement Activities that Foster Action and Behavior Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Low, R.; Mandryk, C.; Gosselin, D. C.; Haney, C.

    2013-12-01

    Climate change engagement requires individuals to understand an abstract and complex topic and realize the profound implications of climate change for their families and local community. In recent years federal agencies have spent millions of dollars on climate change education to prepare a nation for a warming future. The majority of these education efforts are based on a knowledge deficit model. In this view 'educate' means 'provide information'. However cognitive and behavioral research and current action demonstrate that information alone is not enough; knowledge does not necessarily lead to action. Educators are speaking to deaf ears if we rely on passive and abstract information transfer and neglect more persuasive and affective approaches to communication. When climate change is presented abstractly as something that happens in the future to people, environments, animals somewhere else it is easy to discount. People employ two separate systems for information processing: analytical-rational and intuitive-experiential Authentic local research experiences that engage both analytical and experiential information processing systems not only help individuals understand the abstraction of climate change in a concrete and personally experienced manner, but are more likely to influence behavior. Two on-line, graduate-level courses offered within University of Nebraska's Masters of Applied Science program provide opportunities for participants to engage in authentic inquiry based studies climate change's local impacts, and work with K-12 learners in promoting the scientific awareness and behavioral changes that mitigate against the negative impacts of a changing climate. The courses are specifically designed to improve middle and high school (grades 6-12) teachers' content knowledge of climate processes and climate change science in the context of their own community. Both courses provide data-rich, investigative science experiences in a distributed digital

  18. Contribution to research on the elastic and elastoplastic behavior of porous materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This three-part study concerns the mechanical behavior of porous materials. Part one, a bibliographical survey on the mechanical properties of porous materials, deals in turn with the following subjects: elastic properties, elasto-plastic boundary, plastic flow laws, fracture behavior and characterization methods. Part two is devoted to elastic behavior, giving the results of an experimental study on the elastic properties of a sintered nickel within a wide porosity range (5% to 55%) and establishing a theoretical law for the prediction of such characteristics; apart from the total porosity fraction and the elastic properties of the matrix this law can integrate parameters which represent the morphology of the material and may be determined empirically or by a modelisation, also proposed, of the structure of the material. Part three describes elastoplastic, behavior and includes experimental results obtained on sintered nickel in cases of simple mechanical stress, the demonstration - based on energy considerations of a theoretical plasticity criterion accounting for the substance, a theoretical definition of the plastic Poisson's ratio and the establishment of flow laws associated with this criterion

  19. Behavioral Criteria in Research and the Study of Racism: Performing the Jackal Function (Part II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilliard, Asa G.; Jenkins, Yolanda L.

    This document describes the methodology and results of a pilot study and outlines the hypotheses and procedures of a final study to identify and measure racist behaviors and attitudes in adults. The impact of a slide presentation on racial attitudes was also examined. The context of the pilot study was a workshop on race relations designed to…

  20. Can Decision Making Research Provide a Better Understanding of Chemical and Behavioral Addictions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Anzhelika; Cáceda, Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    We reviewed the cognitive and neurobiological commonalities between chemical and behavioral addictions. Poor impulse control, limited executive function and abnormalities in reward processing are seen in both group of entities. Brain imaging shows consistent abnormalities in frontoparietal regions and the limbic system. In drug addiction, exaggerated risk taking behavior and temporal discounting may reflect an imbalance between a hyperactive mesolimbic and hypoactive executive systems. Several cognitive distortions are found in pathological gambling that seems to harness the brain reward system that has evolved to face situations related to skill, not random chance. Abnormalities in risk assessment and impulsivity are found in variety of eating disorders, in particularly related to eating behavior. Corresponding findings in eating disorder patients include abnormalities in the limbic system, i.e. orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), striatum and insula. Similarly, internet addiction disorder is associated with risky decision making and increased choice impulsivity with corresponding discrepant activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, OFC, anterior cingulate cortex, caudate and insula. Sexual addictions are in turn associated with exaggerated impulsive choice and suggestive evidence of abnormalities in reward processing. In sum, exploration of executive function and decision making abnormalities in chemical and behavioral addictions may increase understanding in their psychopathology and yield valuable targets for therapeutic interventions. PMID:26373849

  1. EVALUATING ENTERPRISE AGILITY – AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR INDICATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOIER Rodica

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Starting from a model of the factors which are directly involved in the consumer’s buying behavior – brand image, the perception of purchase risk, the attitude towards the product category and, in this context, the attitude towards the brand, the buying i

  2. Oral Cancer Risk Behaviors among Indiana College Students: A Formative Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raychowdhury, Swati; Lohrmann, David K.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: In fall 2004, the authors used a survey to assess the knowledge, attitudes, motivations, and behaviors of college students relative to oral cancer prevention to inform development of targeted prevention programming. Participants: A convenience sample of 1,003 undergraduate students at one public university in Indiana participated.…

  3. A Systematic Review of Factors Utilized in Preconception Health Behavior Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delissaint, Dieula; McKyer, E. Lisako J.

    2011-01-01

    This systematic review critically synthesizes the literature focusing on factors related to preconception health behaviors (PCHBs) among childbearing age women in the United States, developed countries, and developing countries. Ovid Medline and CINAHL databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles published between 1998 and 2008 relating to…

  4. EVALUATING ENTERPRISE AGILITY – AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR INDICATORS

    OpenAIRE

    BOIER Rodica

    2009-01-01

    Starting from a model of the factors which are directly involved in the consumer’s buying behavior – brand image, the perception of purchase risk, the attitude towards the product category and, in this context, the attitude towards the brand, the buying i

  5. Exploring the Neurochemical Basis of Alcohol Addiction-Related Behaviors: Translational Research

    OpenAIRE

    Budygin, EA; Weiner, JL

    2015-01-01

    This Editorial presents the position that translational research continues to play a vital role in the field of alcohol addiction research. Using diverse animal models that mimic fundamental features of the disease, tremendous progress has been made in our understanding of alcohol actions in the brain and in identifying key neurobiological adaptations that may contribute to the pathophysiology of alcohol addiction. Current translational research in this field is now focusing on identifying th...

  6. A Research Agenda to Examine the Efficacy and Relevance of the Transtheoretical Model for Physical Activity Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Karly S.; Motl, Rob W.; Horwath, Caroline C.; Wertin, Kristin K.; Dishman, Rodney K.

    2010-01-01

    Regular physical activity (PA) decreases the risk of several chronic diseases including some cancers, type II diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease; however, the majority of US adults are not meeting the recommended levels to experience these benefits. To address this public health concern, the underlying mechanisms for behavior change need to be understood, translated and disseminated into appropriately tailored interventions. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) provides a framework for both the conceptualization and measurement of behavior change, as well as facilitating promotion strategies that are individualized and easily adapted. The purpose of this manuscript is to present the constructs of the TTM as they relate to PA behavior change. We begin with a brief synopsis of recent examinations of the TTM constructs and their application. Subsequent to its introduction, we specifically present the TTM within the PA context and discuss its application and usefulness to researchers and practitioners. Criticisms of the TTM are also noted and presented as opportunities for future research to enhance the valid application of the TTM. We offer general study design recommendations to appropriately test the hypothesized relationships within the model. With further examinations using appropriate study design and statistical analyses, we believe the TTM has the potential to advance the public health impact of future PA promotion interventions. PMID:21113323

  7. Experimental research on seismic behavior of recycled concrete frame under varying cyclic loading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuedong SUN; Jianzhuang; XIAO Research

    2008-01-01

    A study is conducted on the seismic behavior of one natural concrete frame and two recycled concrete frames with 100% recycled coarse aggregate whose scales are 1:2 entirely, and a comparative study is conducted under low-reversed cyclic lateral loading and different ver-tical loading. This work aims to estimate the failure mech-anism, hysteresis loops, displacement ductility, deterioration of strength and stiffness and energy dissipa-tion of recycled concrete frames under low-reversed cyclic loading as well as the influence of different vertical load-ing. Analysis on the basis of the experiment proves that it is entirely feasible to apply recycled concrete to practical engineering for the sake of its good seismic behaviors. Theoretical base is provided for further study and prac-tical application of recycled concrete structure.

  8. Study of aerosol diffusion behaviors in dismantling nuclear facilities. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate aerosol diffusion behaviors under dismantling of nuclear facilities, plasma arc cuttings were conducted in the enclosure. The flow of air and high temperature gas in the enclosure were visualized, and the temperature distributions in the enclosure and the number density and size distribution of aerosol and the temperature in air of outlet flow were measured in the experiments. As a result, it was confirmed that ascending high temperature gas flow produced by the plasma arc is corresponded with aerosol diffusion behavior during cutting. It was also confirmed that after completing the cuttings the aerosol tends to fall due to decreasing of flow velocity of high temperature gas and the aerosol which reaches near the floor is resuspended by relatively high velocity exhaust flow. (author)

  9. Integrated primary care and behavioral health services for Latinos: a blueprint and research agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manoleas, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Disparities in Latino utilization of mental health services have been documented for some years. Factors such as stigma, low rates of health insurance, paucity of culturally competent providers, and linguistic inaccessibility have contributed to this underutilization. The documented tendency of many Latinos to experience the mind and body as a unified whole, often referred to as "non-dualism"; provides a unique opportunity to address these disparities in utilization. This article advocates a specific model of engagement of Latinos into a continuum of needed behavioral health services via the primary care clinic, and suggests a variety of clinical and administrative outcome measures for evaluating the effectiveness of the model. The model centers on the inclusion of a behavioral health specialist who is "nested" within the primary care team. The preparation and perspectives of clinically trained social workers make them ideal for this role. PMID:19042495

  10. Research on the Semi-Solid Compressive Deformation Behavior of Ti-7Cu Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yongnan; Luo, Chuang; Wang, Jiao; Zhao, Yongqing; Chen, Hong

    2016-01-01

    The semi-solid deformation behavior of Ti-7Cu titanium alloy in the temperature range of 1,223 K to 1,473 K and strain rate range of 0.005 to 5 s-1 have been investigated by hot compressive testing. The results show that the maximum and stability stresses decrease with decreasing strain rate and increasing temperature. A yielding occurred to the alloy at a higher strain rate under all experimental temperatures. The flow behaviors were described by a constitutive equation based on the Arrhenius equations and the deformation activate energies is also calculated. By comparing with microstructure of the solid deformation, the liquid in semi-solid deformation can overcome the restriction of the movement of solid particle, which reduced the dislocation pile-up during deformation and caused low deformation resistant stress.

  11. Research on the Influence of Internet Publicity of Movie on College Students’ Movie-watching Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun MAO

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study uses a questionnaire survey to explore the influence of movie publicity in new media era on college students’ movie-watching behavior. The study shows that: 1. The frequency of contacting movie publicity and movie-watching of college students are both quite high. More than 99% of college students surveyed have at least one contact with movie publicity information every month; all the students surveyed watch at least one movie every month. 2. College students’ recognition of public reviews on the Internet is relatively low and they are skeptical to the authenticity of most of these reviews. 3. Reviews from acquaintances have a great influence on college students’ movie-watching behavior and the recognition is also relatively high. 4. Move trailers are the most acceptable movie publicity ways for college students, but the forms and characteristics of movie trailers need to be enhanced.

  12. Precincts and Prospects in the Use of Focus Groups in Social and Behavioral Science Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagoe, Dominic

    2012-01-01

    Over the past few years, the focus group method has assumed a very important role as a method for collecting qualitative data in social and behavioural science research. This article elucidates theoretical and practical problems and prospects associated with the use of focus groups as a qualitative research method in social and behavioural science…

  13. Conducting Scientific Research on Learning and Health Behavior Change with Computer-Based Health Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Richard E.; Lieberman, Debra A.

    2011-01-01

    This article is a guide for researchers interested in assessing the effectiveness of serious computer-based games (or video games, digital games, or electronic games) intended to improve health and health care. It presents a definition of health games, a rationale for their use, an overview of the current state of research, and recommendations for…

  14. The Electronic Academic Library: Undergraduate Research Behavior in a Library Without Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Scoyoc, Anna M.; Cason, Caroline

    2006-01-01

    This study examines undergraduate students' research habits in a strictly electronic library environment at a large public university. Unlike most information commons, the campus' electronic library is not housed within a traditional library space and provides access to electronic research materials exclusively. This study finds that undergraduate…

  15. Ethical Considerations for Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists in Psychotherapy Research Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haman, Kirsten L.; Hollon, Steven D.

    2009-01-01

    Psychotherapy research studies, which balance the pursuit of knowledge with the provision of treatment, can place unique demands on clinicians, patients, and research staff. However, the literature on ethical considerations in psychotherapy trials is minimal. The current paper depicts CBT community standards of practice in the context of two…

  16. Transformational Leadership Behaviors of School Principals: A Qualitative Research Based on Teachers’ Perceptions

    OpenAIRE

    Aydın Balyer

    2012-01-01

    Transformational leadership helps school principals’ to frame their attitudes to move their schools forward. It has four major characteristics. Of these, idealized influence is defined as leader’s behavior and the follower’s attributions about the leader. Inspirational motivation refers to the ways by which transformational leaders motivate and inspire those around them. Individualized consideration represents the leader’s continuing effort to treat each individual as a special person and act...

  17. Social Work Research on African Americans and Suicidal Behavior: A Systematic 25-year Review

    OpenAIRE

    Joe, Sean; Niedermeier, Danielle M.

    2008-01-01

    Suicide among African Americans is a neglected topic. Social workers practice in both clinical and nonclinical settings, and as the largest occupational group of mental health professionals, they have a unique opportunity to reach this underserved group. However, little is known about social work’s empirical knowledge base for recognition and treatment of suicidal behavior among African Americans. The authors performed a systematic critical review of published articles by social workers on Af...

  18. Research of opportunistic behavior in the market of non-standard products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Sergeyevna Grigoryeva

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the characteristic features of opportunistic behavior in the markets of complex products not subject to standardization by the example of rendering services during constructionandassembling operations. Methods analysis synthesis collection and description of empirical data. Results a significant amount of theoretical material has been analyzed budgets of constructionandassembling operations have been analyzed normative documents have been studied. A poll of quantity surveyors supervisors of constructionandassembling operations consumers of services and works have been carried out. The differences were revealed in the kinds of opportunistic behavior in the nonstandard products markets compared to the standard products markets the results of those surveys were presented in the earlier works by the author. Scientific novelty it has been shown that in case of individual elaboration of each project due to the uniqueness of the result of economic activity as a single complex the opportunistic behavior has such prerequisites as high costs for measurements and control of the quantity and quality of the rendered services and used materials lack of professional competencies of the consumers in the sphere of activity of the producer. Practical value the key provisions and conclusions of the article can be used in the scientific and educational activity when viewing the issues of opportunistic revelations between economic subjects. nbsp

  19. Research of quasi-solid fracture behavior of casting AI-4.5Cu alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shengquan DONG

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The influencing mechanisms of elements Ti and Ce and their interactions on fracture behaviors of casting alloys AI-4.5Cu-0.6Mn were studied by observing tensile fracture behavior in quasi-solid zone under SEM and EDX instruments.The results indicate that the resistance stress against hot cracking can be improved obviously by addition of Ti, because of its grain refining function. It is also found that, when Ce is added into the alloys, besides its effect in refining crystalline, the mechanical behavior of lower melting point eutectic phase in quasi-solid zone can be improved efficiently by some compounds with Ce formed and deposited between dendrites. Therefore, a colligating effect of Ti and Ce on improving resistance stress against hot cracking is more efficient than that only single alloy element is applied. When hot cracking occurs, grains yield at first, and then crack spreads. Both inter-grain and trans-grain fractures are observed, but the major fracture manner is brittleness.

  20. Research on seismic behavior and filling effect of a new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Shima, Hiroshi

    2010-03-01

    Concrete filled-steel tube (CFT) structure is popularly used in practical structures nowadays. Self-compacting concrete (SCC) was employed to construct a new CFT column-CFT beam frame structure (hereinafter cited as new CFT frame structure) in this research. Three specimens, two CFT column-CFT beam joints and one hollow steel column-I beam joint were tested to investigate seismic behavior of the new CFT frame structure. The experimental results showed that SCC can be successfully compacted into the new CFT frame structure joints in the lab, and the joints provided adequate seismic behavior. In order to further assess filling effect of SCC in the long steel tube, scale column-beam subassembly made of acrylics plate was employed and concrete visual model experiment was done. The results showed that the concrete was able to be successfully cast into the subassembly which indicated that the new CFT frame structure is possible to be constructed in the real building.

  1. NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 31: The information-seeking behavior of engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Bishop, Ann P.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

    1993-01-01

    Engineers are an extraordinarily diverse group of professionals, but an attribute common to all engineers is their use of information. Engineering can be conceptualized as an information processing system that must deal with work-related uncertainty through patterns of technical communications. Throughout the process, data, information, and tacit knowledge are being acquired, produced, transferred, and utilized. While acknowledging that other models exist, we have chosen to view the information-seeking behavior of engineers within a conceptual framework of the engineer as an information processor. This article uses the chosen framework to discuss information-seeking behavior of engineers, reviewing selected literature and empirical studies from library and information science, management, communications, and sociology. The article concludes by proposing a research agenda designed to extend our current, limited knowledge of the way engineers process information.

  2. Lewis' enhanced laboratory for research into the fatigue and constitutive behavior of high temperature materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcgaw, Michael A.

    1985-01-01

    Lewis Research Center's high temperature fatigue laboratory has undergone significant changes resulting in the addition of several new experimental capabilities. New materials testing systems have been installed enabling research to be conducted in multiaxial fatigue and deformation at high temperature, as well as cumulative creep-fatigue damage wherein the relative failure-life levels are widely separated. A key component of the new high-temperature fatigue and structures laboratory is a local, distributed computer system whose hardware and software architecture emphasizes a high degree of configurability, which in turn, enables the researcher to tailor a solution to the problem at hand.

  3. Canada Geese of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Centers Family Relationships, Behavior and Productivity

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Geese described in this report are nonmigratory, freeflying Todds Canada geese. The genealogy of 261 of these geese was traced by archival research and three years...

  4. Swarm Behavior of the Electromagnetics Community as regards Using Swarm Intelligence in their Research Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Asim Egemen Yilmaz

    2010-01-01

    Recently, swarm intelligence and its applications have gained much popularityamong researchers of various disciplines. The main aim of this study is to investigate thesituation for the electromagnetic theory and microwave technology practitioners and try topoint to an interesting analogy.

  5. ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPISTS IN PSYCHOTHERAPY RESEARCH TRIALS

    OpenAIRE

    Haman, Kirsten L.; Hollon, Steven D

    2009-01-01

    Psychotherapy research studies can place particular demands on clinicians, patients, and research staff due to the need to balance the pursuit of knowledge with the offer of treatment. However, the literature with regard to ethical considerations in psychotherapy trials is minimal. The current paper aims to depict CBT community standards of practice in the context of two NIMH-funded treatment trials of major depression, both involving CBT and medication. We describe issues that arose; discuss...

  6. Sealing behavior simulation technology research for CPR1000 reactor pressure vessel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Pressurized water Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) sealing capability is one of the key factors to ensure the safety operation of nuclear power plants. Purpose: In order to explore the numerical simulation technology of the RPV sealing behaviors. Methods: In this paper, the 3-D thermal elastoplastic finite model is established, which based on the CPR1000 project. Results: The load and its combination of equipment during operation are considered, then the separation of RPV upper and lower flanges, radial slip and bolt loads etc. are also obtained. Conclusions: The results show the 3-D thermal elastoplastic finite model can simulate the sealing performance of the structure. (authors)

  7. Does Having More Women on the Board Impact Firms’ Acquisition Behavior? : Research Brief

    OpenAIRE

    Bozionelos, Nikos; Affanassieva, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    International audience The article focuses on whether the gender composition of the board of directors influences the decisions made by the board when they acquire firms. Acquisition decisions have long-term consequences and provide therefore a very good frame to investigate decision behavior of the board of directors. The idea is that the greater the proportion of women in a board the less likely will be for the board to bid to acquire other firms, and the less the premium (amount of mone...

  8. RESEARCH ON BEHAVIORS OF ELECTRORHEOLOGICAL FLUID-BASED SEMIACTIVE ROBOT FINGERTIPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    A new design of robot gripper with electrorheological fluid (ERF) semiactive tips is described. There are two remarkable properties using this fingertip. One is the higher lifting capability at little grasp force, which can realize stable grasp. Another is the damping controllable which can be used for controlling contact forces. A viscoelastic-plastic model for normal direction of the fingertip is proposed to explore the contact behavior. The electric field strength is induced into the dynamic model of contact transition for simulations. The simulation results and conclusions are given.

  9. MBC analysis for rock mass behavior in excavating research shafts and galleries in consideration of Excavation Damaged Zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JNC Tono Geoscience Center planed a comprehensive geoscientific research program for the construction of an underground research laboratory in order to conduct the research and evaluation of geological environment. So far, based on mechanical data from 1,000-m borehole tests, several numerical analysis models, which consider the behavior of joints in a rock mass, have been applied to this site, and the discontinuous rock behavior around the shafts and galleries has been predicted. However, none of these analyses considered the 'Excavation Damaged Zone'. In this study, in order to grasp the extent of the Excavation Disturbed Zone, MBC analysis considering the Excavation Damaged Zone was carried out and the following results were obtained. 1. Using several parameters relevant to the rock and joints, a parametric study was performed to verify the effect on and sensitivity of the behavior of the Excavation Disturbed Zone. The results showed that joint frequency and Young's modulus of the rock were much effective parameters. 2. Based on the parametric study, several analyses for shaft and gallery were conducted. As the joint density increased and the area of the Excavation Damaged Zone expanded, the joint opening area increased and the equivalent shear stiffness decreased. 3. Two contrasting cases were also analyzed: one was assumed that pre-existing joints progress in the Excavation Damaged Zone, and the other assumed that joints tangential to the excavation wall are generated in the Excavation damaged Zone. It was found that Excavation Damaged Zone tends to be larger in the former case than the latter case. 4. From these results, prediction analysis for Excavation Disturbed Zone considering the Excavation Damaged Zone was found to be practical. Through the in-situ monitoring data for shafts and galleries, the validity of these analyses will be verified. (author)

  10. The research in the interaction of the mass media social image and the peculiarities of personal media behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Zhizhina M. V.

    2012-01-01

    The results of the study of the correlation of an individual’s personal ideas about mass media with the organization of social behavior in media environment are represented in this article. The types of an individual’s relation to mass media as well as the types of media consumers in accordance with their dominating motivational orientation: emotionally-centered, communication-centered, information-centered, sense-centered – are revealed in the study. The research of mass media as an object o...

  11. Research on fatigue behavior and residual stress of large-scale cruciform welding joint with groove

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The fatigue behavior of the large-scale cruciform welding joint with groove was studied. • The longitudinal residual stress of the large-scale cruciform welding joint was tested by contour method. • The fatigue fracture mechanism of the large-scale cruciform welding joint with groove was analyzed. - Abstract: Fatigue fracture behavior of the 30 mm thick Q460C-Z steel cruciform welded joint with groove was investigated. The fatigue test results indicated that fatigue strength of 30 mm thick Q460C-Z steel cruciform welded joint with groove can reach fatigue level of 80 MPa (FAT80). Fatigue crack source of the failure specimen initiated from weld toe. Meanwhile, the microcrack was also found in the fusion zones of the fatigue failure specimen, which was caused by weld quality and weld metal integrity resulting from the multi-pass welds. Two-dimensional map of the longitudinal residual stress of 30 mm thick Q460C-Z steel cruciform welded joint with groove was obtained by using the contour method. The stress nephogram of Two-dimensional map indicated that longitudinal residual stress in the welding center is the largest

  12. Extremely frequent behavior in consumer research: theory and empirical evidence for chronic casino gambling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perfetto, Ralph; Woodside, Arch G

    2009-09-01

    The present study informs understanding of customer segmentation strategies by extending Twedt's heavy-half propositions to include a segment of users that represent less than 2% of all households-consumers demonstrating extremely frequent behavior (EFB). Extremely frequent behavior (EFB) theory provides testable propositions relating to the observation that few (2%) consumers in many product and service categories constitute more than 25% of the frequency of product or service use. Using casino gambling as an example for testing EFB theory, an analysis of national survey data shows that extremely frequent casino gamblers do exist and that less than 2% of all casino gamblers are responsible for nearly 25% of all casino gambling usage. Approximately 14% of extremely frequent casino users have very low-household income, suggesting somewhat paradoxical consumption patterns (where do very low-income users find the money to gamble so frequently?). Understanding the differences light, heavy, and extreme users and non-users can help marketers and policymakers identify and exploit "blue ocean" opportunities (Kim and Mauborgne, Blue ocean strategy, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, 2005), for example, creating effective strategies to convert extreme users into non-users or non-users into new users. PMID:19597974

  13. Methods for game user research: studying player behavior to enhance game design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desurvire, Heather; El-Nasr, Magy Seif

    2013-01-01

    The emerging field of game user research (GUR) investigates interaction between players and games and the surrounding context of play. Game user researchers have explored methods from, for example, human-computer interaction, psychology, interaction design, media studies, and the social sciences. They've extended and modified these methods for different types of digital games, such as social games, casual games, and serious games. This article describes several current GUR methods. A case study illustrates two specific methods: think-aloud and heuristics. PMID:24808062

  14. L-Tryptophan: Basic Metabolic Functions, Behavioral Research and Therapeutic Indications

    OpenAIRE

    Richard, Dawn M.; Dawes, Michael A.; Mathias, Charles W.; Acheson, Ashley; Hill-Kapturczak, Nathalie; Dougherty, Donald M.

    2009-01-01

    An essential component of the human diet, L-tryptophan is critical in a number of metabolic functions and has been widely used in numerous research and clinical trials. This review provides a brief overview of the role of L-tryptophan in protein synthesis and a number of other metabolic functions. With emphasis on L-tryptophan’s role in synthesis of brain serotonin, details are provided on the research uses of L-tryptophan, particularly L-tryptophan depletion, and on clinical trials that have...

  15. Advancing Research on Developmental Plasticity: Integrating the Behavioral Science and Neuroscience of Mental Health. Proceedings (Chantilly, Virginia, May 12-15, 1996).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hann, Della M., Ed.; Huffman, Lynne C., Ed.; Lederhendler, Israel I., Ed.; Meinecke, Douglas, Ed.

    This book represents the proceedings of the Conference on Advancing Research on Developmental Plasticity: Integrating Behavioral Science and the Neuroscience of Mental Health. The conference featured scientific presentations from many leading scientists in behavioral sciences, neuroscience and psychiatry, as well as a poster session for newer…

  16. Morbidity among bystanders of bullying behavior at school: concepts, concerns, and clinical/research issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Ian

    2012-01-01

    The role of the bystander is not one that is easily understood in the anti-bullying literature. Roles within the unofficial hierarchy of the school-yard and playground overlap considerably, and each role has its own social dynamic that brings with it a shifting behavioral landscape that affects every student. In this article, the mental health correlates of three categories of bystander are explored: the co-victim, the isolate, and the confederate. Each category of bystander has its own characterizations and mental health correlates. Reports of post-traumatic stress, internalized hostility, substance use, and suicide ideation are discussed with reference to studies involving witnesses of family abuse, community and school violence as well as bullying. It is argued that bystanders are the key to challenging bullying in schools, and their mental health and well-being is pivotal to the effectiveness of anti-bullying interventions. PMID:22909907

  17. Flight management research utilizing an oculometer. [pilot scanning behavior during simulated approach and landing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, A. A., Jr.; Kurbjun, M. C.

    1978-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of the flight management work being conducted using NASA Langley's oculometer system. Tests have been conducted in a Boeing 737 simulator to investigate pilot scan behavior during approach and landing for simulated IFR, VFR, motion versus no motion, standard versus advanced displays, and as a function of various runway patterns and symbology. Results of each of these studies are discussed. For example, results indicate that for the IFR approaches a difference in pilot scan strategy was noted for the manual versus coupled (autopilot) conditions. Also, during the final part of the approach when the pilot looks out-of-the-window he fixates on his aim or impact point on the runway and holds this point until flare initiation.

  18. Research on aluminum alloy sheet thermoplastic deformation behavior based upon warm bulging test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Gaoshen; Zhou, Xiaojun; Lang, Lihui; Alexandrov, Sergei

    2016-02-01

    The rate of fluid pressure variation is a crucial factor to indicate the forming speed and the pressure rate is applied to be one factor that can influence the deformation of material in warm sheet hydroforming. In this study, warm bulging test was conducted to obtain bulging pressure-height curves with different temperatures and pressure rates. Fitting the bulging pressure-equivalent strain curves obtained using bulging test with surface fitting method, the fitted equation of bulging pressure on equivalent strain and pressure rate was achieved, and the fitting result shows a good accordance with experimental and calculated values. Then, the relation between pressure rate and strain rate was obtained. The results of warm bulging test indicated that the deformation behavior of metal material is sensitive to pressure rate, which is of great significance for warm sheet hydroforming.

  19. Creep testing and viscous behavior research on carbon constructional quality steel under high temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余敏; 罗迎社; 彭相华

    2008-01-01

    Creep tests under at a certain temperature and different stress levels were performed on two carbon constructional quality steels at a certain stress level and different temperatures,and their creep curves at high temperature were obtained based on analyzing the testing data.Taking 45 steel at a certain temperature and stress as the example,the integral creep constitutive equation and the differential stress-strain constitutive relationship were established based on the relevant rheological model,and the integral core function was also obtained.Simultaneously,the viscous coefficients denoting the viscous behavior in visco-plastic constitutive equation were determined by taking use of the creep testing data.Then the viscous coefficients of three carbon steels(20 steel,35 steel and 45 steel) were compared and analyzed.The results show that the viscosity is different due to different materials at the same temperature and stress.

  20. Environmental Behavior and Gender: An Emerging Area of Concern for Environmental Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakellari, Maria; Skanavis, Constantina

    2013-01-01

    Ecofeminism suggests that women are more active than men regarding environmental issues for a variety of social, cultural, and biological reasons. In support to these arguments, women predominate within the overall grassroots of the Environmental Justice movement. However, claims have been made that environmental education theory and research are…

  1. Identity: A Complex Structure for Researching Students' Academic Behavior in Science and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydeniz, Mehmet; Hodge, Lynn Liao

    2011-01-01

    This article is a response to Pike and Dunne's research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an…

  2. Leadership, Motivation, and Teamwork Behaviors of Principal Investigator's in Interdisciplinary Teams: A Synthesis of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Brittany L.; Cain, Holly Reed; Giraud, Vivana; Stedman, Nicole L. P.

    2012-01-01

    Increased demand, limited resources, knowledge gaps, and seemingly less time to produce results are the challenges facing researchers and others in higher education today. Working together across disciplines is almost a requirement to stay afloat in the competitive arena most principal investigators are finding themselves in. This study sought to…

  3. Engaging Youth to Examine Lifestyle Behaviors through Authentic Research with University Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardwell, Genevieve; Mujuru, Priscah; Fitch, Cindy; Seidel, George; Hu, Wen; Sogodogo, Kalifa; Chester, Ann

    2007-01-01

    University researchers partnered with secondary students in West Virginia and Mali on an international science investigation to strengthen science education and public health practices. WV and Mali students made comparisons of diet, physical activity, BMI, and blood pressure gathered from study participants. Full IRB approval was provided by West…

  4. Service Learning Experience and Undergraduate Leadership Behaviors: An Action Research Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenary, Judy

    2010-01-01

    Service-learning has been shown to be an effective practice that positively affects students' academic achievement, self-esteem, and problem-solving skills (Billig, 2002; Eyler & Giles, 1999; Wilczenski & Coomey, 2007). This mixed-method action research case study was conducted to explore the possible link between service-learning experience and…

  5. Mapping Publication Trends and Identifying Hot Spots of Research on Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior: A Quantitative and Co-Word Biclustering Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Fan; Min LI; Guan, Peng; Ma, Shuang; Cui, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Background The Internet has become an established source of health information for people seeking health information. In recent years, research on the health information seeking behavior of Internet users has become an increasingly important scholarly focus. However, there have been no long-term bibliometric studies to date on Internet health information seeking behavior. Objective The purpose of this study was to map publication trends and explore research hot spots of Internet health inform...

  6. Fractional Order Modeling of Human Operator Behavior with Second Order Controlled Plant and Experiment Research

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Jiacai; Chen, YangQuan; Li, Haibin; Shi, Xinxin

    2016-01-01

    Modeling human operator's dynamic plays a very important role in the manual closed-loop control system, and it is an active research area for several decades. Based on the characteristics of human brain and behaviour, a new kind of fractional order mathematical model for human operator in SISO systems is proposed. Compared with the traditional models based on the commonly used quasi-linear transfer function method or the optimal control theory method, the proposed fractional order model has s...

  7. Speech perception under adverse conditions: insights from behavioral, computational, and neuroscience research

    OpenAIRE

    Guediche, Sara; Blumstein, Sheila E.; Fiez, Julie A.; Holt, Lori L.

    2014-01-01

    Adult speech perception reflects the long-term regularities of the native language, but it is also flexible such that it accommodates and adapts to adverse listening conditions and short-term deviations from native-language norms. The purpose of this article is to examine how the broader neuroscience literature can inform and advance research efforts in understanding the neural basis of flexibility and adaptive plasticity in speech perception. Specifically, we highlight the potential role of ...

  8. Research on Conflict Behavior of Top Management Team in Family Enterprises: A Complex Network Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Mengyun Wu; Huimin Wu; Tao Xie; Jie Lu

    2015-01-01

    At present time, methods of research about top management team’s conflict become more and more prosperous with the help of complex system theory and evolutionary game. Taking family enterprise as an example, this paper makes an attempt on exploring complex network modeling to study data processing method and abstraction method of complex network of TMT conflict. And the paper will consider the attribute and relational mapping of top management team as nodes and edges in complex network to dis...

  9. Drug Prices and Research and Development Investment Behavior in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Giaccotto, Carmelo; Rexford E. Santerre; John A. Vernon

    2005-01-01

    This paper argues theoretically and shows empirically that pharmaceutical R&D spending increases with real drug prices, after holding constant other determinants of research and development (R&D). Specifically, an estimated elasticity suggests that a 10 percent increase in the growth of real drug prices is associated with nearly a 6 percent increase in the growth of R&D intensity. Simulations that are based on our multiple-regression model indicate that the capitalized value of pharmaceutical...

  10. Translational Research in Behavior Analysis: Historical Traditions and Imperative for the Future

    OpenAIRE

    Mace, F. Charles; Critchfield, Thomas S

    2010-01-01

    “Pure basic” science can become detached from the natural world that it is supposed to explain. “Pure applied” work can become detached from fundamental processes that shape the world it is supposed to improve. Neither demands the intellectual support of a broad scholarly community or the material support of society. Translational research can do better by seeking innovation in theory or practice through the synthesis of basic and applied questions, literatures, and methods. Although translat...

  11. The behavior of plutonium in the environment of the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work described in this report aimed at the application of a sensitive Pu analysis to different environmental samples. In addition, the report represents first results about research on the radioecology of Pu in the environment of the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Center. Pu-releases with the exhaust air from the Karlsruhe reprocessing plant were measured over more than two years. The contamination of the environmental air caused by fallout Pu and the mentioned Pu-releases were determined. Dispersion factors were calculated from these Pu-concentrations. The contamination of plants by Pu was measured. The velocity of Pu-aerosol deposition on grass was determined. Lichen and moss were found to be effective bioindicators for Pu in terrestrial ecosystems. The vertical distribution of Pu in different soils was measured. The contamination of organs of wild animals by Pu was determined. The Pu-contamination of the sediments of the Altrhein which serves as the main canal for liquid effluents from the Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Center was measured. The meat and shells of river mussels were analyzed for Pu and shells of the river mussels were identified as effective bionidicators for Pu in aquatic systems. (orig.)

  12. Paradoxical sleep deprivation: neurochemical, hormonal and behavioral alterations. Evidence from 30 years of research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Tufik

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Sleep comprises approximately one-third of a person's lifetime, but its impact on health and medical conditions remains partially unrecognized. The prevalence of sleep disorders is increasing in modern societies, with significant repercussions on people's well-being. This article reviews past and current literature on the paradoxical sleep deprivation method as well as data on its consequences to animals, ranging from behavioral changes to alterations in the gene expression. More specifically, we highlight relevant experimental studies and our group's contribution over the last three decades.O sono ocupa cerca de um terço de nossas vidas, entretanto seu impacto na saúde e sua influência nas condições patológicas ainda não foi completamente elucidado. A prevalência dos distúrbios de sono é cada vez maior, sobretudo nas regiões mais industrializadas, repercutindo diretamente no bem-estar da população. Este artigo tem como objetivo sintetizar e atualizar a literatura a respeito do método de privação de sono paradoxal e seu panorama de conseqüências desde comportamentais até genéticas em animais. Ainda, destacamos a contribuição e relevância dos estudos experimentais realizados por nosso grupo nas ultimas três décadas.

  13. Stress corrosion cracking behavior of Ni28Mo-alloys: Recent research data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nickel-molybdenum alloys of the type Ni28Mo/alloy B-2 may fail in service due to stress corrosion cracking in components, where a high heat input during manufacturing or repair such as repeated welding operations may have occurred. Therefore, various tests in solution annealed and aged condition on different alloy compositions have been done with respect to stress corrosion resistance, uniform and intergranular corrosion and time-temperature-sensitization behavior. Stress corrosion sensitivity of the Ni28Mo materials in the aged condition is dependent on the alloys degree of ordering which is delayed by increasing alloying additions of iron and chromium. Therefore, in order to improve the stress corrosion resistance these alloying additions have to be increased beyond the limits being set for the current alloy B-2 grade. Consequently, a new Ni28Mo alloy type, alloy B-4 is proposed being alloyed with 2--5 wt % Fe and 0.5--1.5 wt % Cr. This new Ni28Mo alloy exhibits a considerably improved resistance to stress corrosion cracking which is achieved without impairing the resistance to overall uniform and to intergranular corrosion. Resistance to sensitization is also improved

  14. Research on Sliding Wear Behavior of TiO2 Filled Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Srinivasa Moorthy

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Titanium Oxide (TiO2 particulate filled e-glass fiber reinforced composites in the unsaturated polyester resin matrix were prepared and its dry sliding wear behavior was optimized. Composites of varying fiber lengths of 1, 2 and 3 cm, respectively with different fiber content of 30, 40 and 50 wt. %, respectively were made. The particulate was varied with 2, 5 and 9 wt. %, respectively. The hybrid reinforced composites were prepared by hand layup method and the wear was measured adopting pin-on-disk system. Taguchi’s experimental design approach was used to make a parametric analysis of the variable fiber length, fiber content and filler material content. The influencing parameter on the wear rate was determined using the Signal-to-Noise (S/N ratio and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA. The fiber content emerged as the most significant factor affecting the wear rate of the composites. The regression analysis was carried out to determine the nonlinear analysis for the prediction of the optimized model.

  15. Research on torsional friction behavior and fluid load support of PVA/HA composite hydrogel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Kai; Zhang, Dekun; Yang, Xuehui; Cui, Xiaotong; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Qingliang

    2016-09-01

    Hydrogels have been extensively studied for use as synthetic articular cartilage. This study aimed to investigate (1) the torsional friction contact state and the transformation mechanism of PVA/HA composite hydrogel against CoCrMo femoral head and (2) effects of load and torsional angle on torsional friction behavior. The finite element method was used to study fluid load support of PVA/HA composite hydrogel. Results show fluid loss increases gradually of PVA/HA composite hydrogel with torsional friction time, leading to fluid load support decreases. The contact state changes from full slip state to stick-slip mixed state. As the load increases, friction coefficient and adhesion zone increase gradually. As the torsional angle increases, friction coefficient and slip trend of the contact interface increase, resulting in the increase of the slip zone and the reduction of the adhesion zone. Fluid loss increases of PVA/HA composite hydrogel as the load and the torsional angle increase, which causes the decrease of fluid load support and the increase of friction coefficient. PMID:27209115

  16. A Research Method to Investigate Information Seeking using the Concept of Information Horizons: An Example from a Study of Lower Socio-economic Students’ Information Seeking Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Sonnenwald, D. H.; Wildemuth, B. S.; Harmon, G. L.

    2001-01-01

    As research questions and topics in information studies evolve, there is a continual need to seek out innovative research methods to help us investigate and address these questions. This paper presents an emerging research method, the creation and analysis of information horizon maps, and discusses the use of such maps in an ongoing research study. Sonnenwald's (1999) framework for human information behavior provides a theoretical foundation for this method. This theoretical framework suggest...

  17. MTR research reactor core behavior under a loss of shutdown heat removal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows: Introduction: Heat removal during operation of medium power research reactors is assumed to be safely performed by forced convection and the adequate removal of residual decay heat after reactor shutdown need to continue forced convection removal for a certain period of time when the operating power before shut-down is above a certain power level. This is among the requirement for the overall safety of research reactor operation. Objective: The purpose of the present work is: - to estimate the maximum temperature in the core and to investigate the minimum power operating level before shutdown that needs a continuation forced convection after shutdown; - to evaluate occurrence of cladding damage following a shutdown reactor without forced convection Problem: The simulation process is undertaken using the RELAP5/Mod 3.2 code system. The IAEA 10 MW benchmark core which is a representative of medium pool type MTR research reactors was chosen here in order to investigate the cladding maximum fuel temperature without forced heat removal after shutdown of the reactor that was operating at different powers up to 10 MW. Nodalization: The benchmark core consists of 25 fuels elements placed in a 5 x 5 gird placed within pool filled by 9 m of light water. The primary loop is represented by pumps, pipes and heat exchangers. Each of the 25 fuel elements is represented individually. Results: The simulation process has shown that the cladding maximum temperature did not reach the melting point for aluminum (660 deg. C) but void is expected to be produced in the hot channels. Hence, the loss of forced heat removal after reactor scram did not induce any melting of the cladding by much deeper investigation may be undertaken because presence of void in channels could enhance corrosion phenomena and may induce some fission products release in the pools following localized fuel rupture due to corrosion. (authors)

  18. Conflicting research on the demography, ecology, and social behavior of Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoogland, John L.; Cully, Jack F., Jr.; Rayor, Linda S.; Fitzgerald, James P.

    2012-01-01

    Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) are rare, diurnal, colonial, burrowing, ground-dwelling squirrels. Studies of marked individuals living under natural conditions in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s showed that males are heavier than females throughout the year; that adult females living in the same territory are consistently close kin; and that females usually mate with the sexually mature male(s) living in the home territory. Research from 2007 through 2010 challenges all 3 of these findings. Here we discuss how different methods might have led to the discrepancies.

  19. Research on thermal hydraulic behavior of small-break LOCAs in AP1000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A RELAP5 model for RCS and passive safety systems in AP1000 was developed. • A spectrum of cold leg small break LOCAs was analyzed. • The PCTs are far below the limit value of 1478 K and meet the safety criterion. • This article is useful for design and operation of AP1000 and other plants. -- Abstract: As a Generation III+ reactor that received Final Design Approval by U.S. NRC, AP1000 employs a series of nature forces, such as gravity, natural circulation and compressed gas, to enhance plant safety. Although plenty of work has been done around AP600 and its updated version AP1000 both experimentally and theoretically in the past few decades, thermal hydraulic behavior of small break LOCAs in AP1000 has not been fully understood and further studies are still required. In the present study, the response of AP1000 to a spectrum of cold leg small break LOCAs is simulated and analyzed using RELAP5/MOD3.4, including 2-in. break, 4-in. break, 8-in. break as well as 10-in. break which approaches the upper limit size for small break LOCAs in AP1000. Based on the calculation results, it indicates that the passive safety systems employed by AP1000, including CMTs, ACCs, IRWST, PRHRS and ADS, combine to provide continuous passive safety injection and residual heat removal. During cold leg small break LOCAs, the core uncovery and fuel heat up do not occur. The peak cladding temperatures (PCTs) during the accident process are far below the Appendix K limit value of 1478 K/2200 °F and meet the safety criterion. Results show that the accidental consequence can be mitigated effectively and thus the safety of AP1000 during cold leg small break LOCAs is proven

  20. Research on the geochemical analysis of paleoseawater and its behavior in coastal aquifer systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The geological disposal system in coastal aquifer has been proposed for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. It is necessary to evaluate the properties of salinized groundwater and the interface behavior between freshwater and saltwater in the geological environment from the view point of groundwater hydrology and geochemistry. In this report, the evolving processes of groundwater quality were clarified based on the geochemical interaction between the salinized groundwater and the geological matrix in the aquifer. The soil column experiments on the chemical evolving processes of the saltwater and the freshwater in the redox condition were carried out, after which the model development coupled with the cation exchange reaction and the microbially mediated redox reactions was performed. Furthermore, in order to simultaneously evaluate both the groundwater hydrology and the solute transport in coastal areas, the various numerical simulations were performed. The results and information which were obtained in this report can be summarized as follows: 1) The geochemical properties of the actual salinized groundwater and the fresh groundwater. 2) The evolving processes in water quality of the saltwater and the freshwater in the redox condition. 3) Dissolution mechanisms of Mn- and Fe-hydrolysis-oxides under reduction atmosphere. 4) The numerical model combined with the cation exchange and the process of the microbially mediated reduction. 5) Estimation of the groundwater age and the geological age in a coastal area using both the method of carbon-14 and the traveling time of fluid element on the stream line by numerical calculation. 6) Validity on the accuracy of numerical model predictions for the convective-dispersive equation. 7) Validity on the quasi-three dimensional analysis model of freshwater and saltwater based on the assumption of non-mixing between the freshwater and the saltwater. (author)

  1. Examining the effects of motivational and organizational determinants on knowledge-sharing behavior (Case study in an industrial research and development center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peyman Akhavan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge sharing is a fundamental ability in industrial research and development centers through which employees can contribute to knowledge application, innovation, and ultimately the competitive advantage of the organization. Effective knowledge sharing among employees may considerably impact duration, cost and quality of research and development activities in such organizations. Therefore, this paper is aimed at examining the effects of motivational and organizational determinants in forming knowledge-sharing behavior in an industrial research and development center through synthesizing theory of planned behavior and social exchange theory. A descriptive-survey methodology was conducted and a questionnaire developed for data gathering. Partial Least Squares (PLS method also used to test research hypotheses. Result of analyzing 85 questionnaires indicated that individuals’ attitudes toward knowledge sharing are positively affected by perceived enjoyment in helping others and perceived reputation enhancement, while negatively affected by perceived loss of knowledge power. It is also revealed that attitude toward knowledge sharing and subjective norms significantly determine intention to share knowledge, which then determines knowledge sharing behavior. In addition, research findings supported the positive effects of organizational climate and information and communication facilities as organizational determinants on subjective norms and perceived behavioral control, respectively. At last, based on research findings, some practical implications for knowledge management practitioners to foster knowledge sharing in industrial research and development centers suggested and research opportunities for future researchers to fill this research’s gaps proposed.

  2. Research on the behavior of polonium produced in lead-bismuth eutectic irradiated with neutrons. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-026. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) is proposed by several research institutes as a coolant of liquid metal cooled fast reactors, instead of sodium, and a target of accelerator driven subcritical nuclear reactor systems (ADS). LBE has some advantages that it is chemically inert compared to sodium and that its melting point is low like sodium. A problem might be that bismuth produces polonium, which is an alpha emitter, by irradiation of neutrons. The purpose of the study is to get information for quantitative estimations of the release of polonium on LBE cooled fast reactors and on ADSs by making it clear about production rate of polonium (information about cross section) by neutron irradiation of LBE, release rate of the produced polonium from LBE, and adsorption rate of the polonium on various materials. To get the information about production rate of polonium, neutron cross sections of bismuth were measured in keV energy region, which was important in fast reactors, by using the Pelletron accelerator in Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology. The obtained neutron capture cross sections were from 1/2 to 1/3 of the evaluated values in JENDL and the obtained polonium production cross sections were almost 1/3 of it. At the same time, an experimental device was designed for heating and adsorption experiments and the performance was tested. The performance of alpha spectrometer was tested also. By those the method was established for the measurement of polonium released from melted LBE after neutron irradiation. (author)

  3. Identity: a complex structure for researching students' academic behavior in science and mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydeniz, Mehmet; Hodge, Lynn Liao

    2011-06-01

    This article is a response to Pike and Dunne's research. The focus of their analysis is on reflections of studying science post-16. Pike and Dunne draw attention to under enrollments in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, in particular, in the field of physics, chemistry and biology in the United Kingdom. We provide an analysis of how the authors conceptualize the problem of scientific career choices, the theoretical framework through which they study the problem, and the methodology they use to collect and analyze data. In addition, we examine the perspective they provide in light of new developments in the field of students' attitudes towards science and mathematics. More precisely, we draw attention to and explicate the authors' use of identity from the perspective of emerging theories that explore the relationships between the learner and culture in the context of science and mathematics.

  4. Research on Conflict Behavior of Top Management Team in Family Enterprises: A Complex Network Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mengyun Wu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available At present time, methods of research about top management team’s conflict become more and more prosperous with the help of complex system theory and evolutionary game. Taking family enterprise as an example, this paper makes an attempt on exploring complex network modeling to study data processing method and abstraction method of complex network of TMT conflict. And the paper will consider the attribute and relational mapping of top management team as nodes and edges in complex network to discuss the direct correspondence between complex network structure and management team characteristics. Besides that, according to the multiple attribute decision making, the method to dig into core members of the top management team will be created on the basis of the degree, closeness, cluster coefficient, and betweenness. And then the article will devote to studying the impact of attributes to the inner mechanism of TMT conflict and team cohesion through the network characteristic analysis.

  5. The gains and losses of collusion: An empirical research on the market behaviors of China’s power enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruize Gao

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Collusion is a common behavior of oligarch enterprises aiming to get an advantage in market competition. The purpose of the thesis is to use the empirical research methods to explore positive or negative effects that the electricity generation manufacturers’ collusion has caused at the macro level of Market Economy and the micro level of enterprises’ behaviors. Design/methodology/approach: The designed research model in the thesis is an extension of Porter’s model (Porter, 1984. It applies a more advanced measurement method, FIML. In the example of price bidding project that started by electricity generation enterprises of China’s power industry, the thesis analyzes the relevant price data of subordinate power plants of China’s five power generation groups in pilots of price bidding Policy. Findings: It is found in the thesis that power generation enterprises are facing collusion issues in the market. To be exact, it is such a situation in which non-cooperative competition and collusion alternate. Under the competition, market is relatively steady, thus forming a lower network price. It is helpful to the development of the whole industry. However, once Cartel is formed, the price will rise and clash with power enterprises and transmission-distribution companies concerning the interests conflicts. At the same time, a higher power price will form in the market, making consumers suffer losses. All of these are bad for industry development. Not only the collusion of power enterprises affects power price but also the market power that caused by long-time Cartel will reduce the market entrant in electricity generation. Market resources are centralized in the hands of Cartel, causing a low effective competition in the market, which has passive effects on users. Implications: The empirical research also indicates that collusion undoubtedly benefits the power enterprises that involved. As a cooperation pattern, collusion can lead to

  6. Modeling menopause: The utility of rodents in translational behavioral endocrinology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koebele, Stephanie V; Bimonte-Nelson, Heather A

    2016-05-01

    The human menopause transition and aging are each associated with an increase in a variety of health risk factors including, but not limited to, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, stroke, sexual dysfunction, affective disorders, sleep disturbances, and cognitive decline. It is challenging to systematically evaluate the biological underpinnings associated with the menopause transition in the human population. For this reason, rodent models have been invaluable tools for studying the impact of gonadal hormone fluctuations and eventual decline on a variety of body systems. While it is essential to keep in mind that some of the mechanisms associated with aging and the transition into a reproductively senescent state can differ when translating from one species to another, animal models provide researchers with opportunities to gain a fundamental understanding of the key elements underlying reproduction and aging processes, paving the way to explore novel pathways for intervention associated with known health risks. Here, we discuss the utility of several rodent models used in the laboratory for translational menopause research, examining the benefits and drawbacks in helping us to better understand aging and the menopause transition in women. The rodent models discussed are ovary-intact, ovariectomy, and 4-vinylcylohexene diepoxide for the menopause transition. We then describe how these models may be implemented in the laboratory, particularly in the context of cognition. Ultimately, we aim to use these animal models to elucidate novel perspectives and interventions for maintaining a high quality of life in women, and to potentially prevent or postpone the onset of negative health consequences associated with these significant life changes during aging. PMID:27013283

  7. Can computerized clinical decision support systems improve practitioners' diagnostic test ordering behavior? A decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weise-Kelly Lorraine

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Underuse and overuse of diagnostic tests have important implications for health outcomes and costs. Decision support technology purports to optimize the use of diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The objective of this review was to assess whether computerized clinical decision support systems (CCDSSs are effective at improving ordering of tests for diagnosis, monitoring of disease, or monitoring of treatment. The outcome of interest was effect on the diagnostic test-ordering behavior of practitioners. Methods We conducted a decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Ovid's EBM Reviews database, Inspec, and reference lists for eligible articles published up to January 2010. We included randomized controlled trials comparing the use of CCDSSs to usual practice or non-CCDSS controls in clinical care settings. Trials were eligible if at least one component of the CCDSS gave suggestions for ordering or performing a diagnostic procedure. We considered studies 'positive' if they showed a statistically significant improvement in at least 50% of test ordering outcomes. Results Thirty-five studies were identified, with significantly higher methodological quality in those published after the year 2000 (p = 0.002. Thirty-three trials reported evaluable data on diagnostic test ordering, and 55% (18/33 of CCDSSs improved testing behavior overall, including 83% (5/6 for diagnosis, 63% (5/8 for treatment monitoring, 35% (6/17 for disease monitoring, and 100% (3/3 for other purposes. Four of the systems explicitly attempted to reduce test ordering rates and all succeeded. Factors of particular interest to decision makers include costs, user satisfaction, and impact on workflow but were rarely investigated or reported. Conclusions Some CCDSSs can modify practitioner test-ordering behavior. To better inform development and implementation efforts, studies should describe in more detail potentially

  8. The Relationship between Perceived Organizational Su pport, Organizational Identification, and Manager’s Ethical Behaviors: Perception of Research Assistants in Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Alptekin Sökmen; Emre Burak Ekmekçioğlu; Kamil Çelik

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research is to study the relationships between perceived organizational support, organizational identification and manager’s ethical behaviors. In this context, study was performed on 300 research assistants who work in different public universities which are institutionalized and demonstrate high academic performance in Turkey. According to the findings, there is a positive and significant relationship between perc...

  9. Taking peer victimization research to the next level: complex interactions among genes, teacher attitudes/behaviors, peer ecologies, & classroom characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espelage, Dorothy L

    2015-01-01

    This commentary reviews research findings of the five papers in the special entitled "School-related Factors in the Development of Bullying Perpetration and Victimization", which represent critical areas that are often overlooked in the literature. First, one paper points to the complex interaction between a genetic disposition for aggression and classroom norms toward aggression. Second, an intervention paper unpacks the underlying mechanisms of an efficacious school-wide bully prevention program by opening the "black box" and testing for mediators. Third, the remaining studies employ a wide range of rigorous designs to identify how teachers' attitudes, behaviors, and classroom practices play a critical role in the prevalence of victimization and bullying in the classroom. Further, teachers' attitudes and behaviors are shown to be predictive of youth's willingness to intervene to assist a peer who is being victimized. Results are situated in what is known about bullying prevention, and how the findings from these studies could maximize the sensitivity of future prevention efforts. PMID:25345834

  10. Learning Behavior in Using Portal System for Architecture’s Students in the Research Methodology Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I. Che-Ani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available E-learning is one approached in the learning style of the courses for UKM Bachelor of Architecture program, namely Research Methodology. The e-learning is not a new paradigm in today’s teaching and learning process, thus, using the platform of UKM portal system, SPIN we start to adapt this approach and make it as practical to the students. This study is highlighting 4 learning approaches that might be preferred by the students in encouraging them to use SPIN, namely class contact hours of every 2 weeks time, 1 h lecture, white board style and let the student talk and do. The findings from the study reveals, in principal the students agree to use the SPIN, with the lecturer observing the usage of the system in SPIN via progress monitoring report and correlate the total time, numbers of visit and page hits of the students. High total time does not guarantee the student is an active SPIN user. Nevertheless the study also found that there is a cheater in this system.

  11. Verification and characterization of continuum behavior of fractured rock at AECL Underground Research Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purposes of this study are to determine when a fracture system behaves as a porous medium and what the corresponding permeability tensor is. A two-dimensional fracture system model is developed with density, size, orientation, and location of fractures in an impermeable matrix as random variables. Simulated flow tests through the models measure directional permeability, K/sub g/. Polar coordinate plots of 1/√K/sub g/, which are ellipses for equivalent anistropic homogeneous porous media, are graphed and best fit ellipses are calculated. Fracture length and areal density were varied such that fracture frequency was held constant. The examples showed the permeability increased with fracture length. The modeling techniques were applied to data from the Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd.'s Underground Research Laboratory facility in Manitoba, Canada by assuming the fracture pattern at the surface persists at depth. Well test data were used to estimate the aperture distribution by both correlating and not correlating the aperture with fracture length. The permeability of models with uncorrelated length and aperture were smaller than those for correlated models. A Monte Carlo type study showed that analysis of steady state packer tests consistently underestimate the mean aperture. Finally, a three-dimensional model in which fractures are discs randomly located in space, interactions between the fractures are line segments, and the solution of the steady state flow equations is based on image theory was discussed

  12. Research on Three-Dimensional Measurement System of Bubble Behavior in Two-Phase Gas-Liquid Flow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duan, F J; Yan, L; Zhang, H T; Lv, X M [State Key Laboratory of Measurement Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University. Tianjin, 300072 (China)

    2006-10-15

    Bubble behavior is the basic research problem in gas-liquid flow field for it can reflect main properties of the liquid in the flow. This paper designed a kind of monocular stereoscopic sensor with only one CCD camera and two groups of symmetric reflecting mirrors. Imaging fundamentals have been analyzed in detail and map math model has been established. It demonstrated that the geometric structure parameters determined the scope of the valid field of view and measurement accuracy is related with both structure parameters and position of the target in the field of view. A flow of image pre-process algorithms were designed according to the feature of images. Parameters such as centroid of bubble, capacity and velocity in twodimensional plane have been calculated. Experiments indicated that the monocular stereoscopic sensor designed in this paper could be applied in several short range measuring situations with great ratio of performance and price.

  13. Student Off-Task Behavior in Computer-Based Learning in the Philippines: Comparison to Prior Research in the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo, Ma. Mercedes T.; Baker, Ryan S. J. D.; Rossi, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Background: Off-task behavior can be defined as any behavior that does not involve the learning task or material, or where learning from the material is not the primary goal. One suggested path for understanding how to address off-task behavior is to study classrooms where off-task behavior is less common, particularly in Asia, in order to…

  14. Canada geese of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center: family relationships, behavior and productivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rummel, L.H.

    1979-01-01

    Geese described are non-migratory, free-flying Todd's Canada geese (Branta canadensis interior). The genealogy of 261 of these geese was traced by archival research and three years of field observations. Nest locations and densities, preferences for various types of artificial nest structures, clutch sizes, hatching success, brood survival to flight stage, and food habits were recorded. Resul ts indicate geese may:,pair as yearlings, but these bonds may be broken and re-formed before breeding. Pair bonding generally resulted in geese of similar ages remaining together until the death of one partner, although re-pairing, polygamy, and pairing between broodmates also occurred. The dominance hierarchy of related birds strongly influenced the position of 'outsiders' pairing with indigenous females. Dominant status passed not only from male to male, but, upon the death of the dominant male, in at least one instance, the surviving female retained dominant status. Gang broods were composed of progeny of the rearing pair, plus goslings relinquished by female offspring or siblings of the rearing pair. Among indentifiable geese, gang broods were reared by the dominant pair on each impoundment. Geese retained their family integrity both in flight and during the post-molt dispersion. Female and males paired with local females, nested in their natal areas. No significant relationship (P family. Collars, legbands, and telemetry were initially used to distinguish conspecifics. It was subsequently discovered that individual geese could be recognized by cheek-patch patterns, unusual plumage, or mannerisms. It is suggested that cheek-patch similarities in related Canada geese might be used to trace gene flow within flocks, and may be used for individual recognition by other Canada geese.

  15. New Li-ion Battery Evaluation Research Based on Thermal Property and Heat Generation Behavior of Battery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhe Lv; Xun Guo; Xin-ping Qiu

    2012-01-01

    We do a new Li-ion battery evaluation research on the effects of cell resistance and polarization on the energy loss in batteries based on thermal property and heat generation behavior of battery.Series of 18650 cells with different capacities and electrode materials are evalu ated by measuring input and output energy which change with charge-discharge time and current.Based on the results of these tests,we build a model of energy loss in cells' chargedischarge process,which include Joule heat and polarization heat impact factors.It was reported that Joule heat was caused by cell resistance,which included DC-resistance and reaction resistance,and reaction resistance could not be easily obtained through routine test method.Using this new method,we can get the total resistance R and the polarization parameter η.The relationship between R,η,and temperature is also investigated in order to build a general model for series of different Li-ion batteries,and the research can be used in the performance evaluation,state of charge prediction and the measuring of consistency of the batteries.

  16. Empirical Research on Factors that Influence the Behavior Decision of Repeated Seed Purchase for Farmers – Field investigation based on 519 vegetable farmers in Wuhan City

    OpenAIRE

    Kang Guoguang; Cai Fang; Zhang Shengyong

    2015-01-01

    This article makes an analysis on the factors and impact on decision of repeated seed purchase behavior for farmers by using the field investigation data from 519 vegetable farmers around Wuhan City and the binary Logit model and ordered Logit model. It is found from the research that: repeated seed purchase is a common phenomenon as 84% of sample farmers have this behavior: the factors, such as education degree, risk attitude, Perceived Value, seed quality, seed purchase convenience, relatio...

  17. Panic disorder with agoraphobia from a behavioral neuroscience perspective: Applying the research principles formulated by the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Alfons O; Richter, Jan; Pané-Farré, Christiane; Westphal, Dorte; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Vossbeck-Elsebusch, Anna N; Gerlach, Alexander L; Gloster, Andrew T; Ströhle, Andreas; Lang, Thomas; Kircher, Tilo; Gerdes, Antje B M; Alpers, Georg W; Reif, Andreas; Deckert, Jürgen

    2016-03-01

    In the current review, we reconceptualize a categorical diagnosis-panic disorder and agoraphobia-in terms of two constructs within the domain "negative valence systems" suggested by the Research Domain Criteria initiative. Panic attacks are considered as abrupt and intense fear responses to acute threat arising from inside the body, while anxious apprehension refers to anxiety responses to potential harm and more distant or uncertain threat. Taking a dimensional view, panic disorder with agoraphobia is defined with the threat-imminence model stating that defensive responses are dynamically organized along the dimension of the proximity of the threat. We tested this model within a large group of patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (N = 369 and N = 124 in a replication sample) and found evidence that panic attacks are indeed instances of circa strike defense. This component of the defensive reactivity was related to genetic modulators within the serotonergic system. In contrast, anxious apprehension-characterized by attentive freezing during postencounter defense-was related to general distress and depressive mood, as well as to genetic modulations within the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Patients with a strong behavioral tendency for active and passive avoidance responded better to exposure treatment if the therapist guides the patient through the exposure exercises. PMID:26877119

  18. Using Formative Research to Design a Behavior Change Strategy to Increase the Use of Improved Cookstoves in Peri-Urban Kampala, Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie L. Martin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Household air pollution from cooking with biomass fuels negatively impacts maternal and child health and the environment, and contributes to the global burden of disease. In Uganda, nearly 20,000 young children die of household air pollution-related pneumonia every year. Qualitative research was used to identify behavioral determinants related to the acquisition and use of improved cookstoves in peri-urban Uganda. Results were used to design a behavior change strategy for the introduction of a locally-fabricated top-lit updraft gasifier (TLUD stove in Wakiso district. A theoretical framework—opportunity, ability, and motivation—was used to guide the research and behavior change strategy development. Participants consistently cited financial considerations as the most influential factor related to improved cookstove acquisition and use. In contrast, participants did not prioritize the potential health benefits of improved cookstoves. The theoretical framework, research methodology, and behavior change strategy design process can be useful for program planners and researchers interested in identifying behavioral determinants and designing and evaluating improved cookstove interventions.

  19. Using Formative Research to Design a Behavior Change Strategy to Increase the Use of Improved Cookstoves in Peri-Urban Kampala, Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Stephanie L.; Arney, Jennifer K.; Mueller, Lisa M.; Kumakech, Edward; Walugembe, Fiona; Mugisha, Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    Household air pollution from cooking with biomass fuels negatively impacts maternal and child health and the environment, and contributes to the global burden of disease. In Uganda, nearly 20,000 young children die of household air pollution-related pneumonia every year. Qualitative research was used to identify behavioral determinants related to the acquisition and use of improved cookstoves in peri-urban Uganda. Results were used to design a behavior change strategy for the introduction of a locally-fabricated top-lit updraft gasifier (TLUD) stove in Wakiso district. A theoretical framework—opportunity, ability, and motivation—was used to guide the research and behavior change strategy development. Participants consistently cited financial considerations as the most influential factor related to improved cookstove acquisition and use. In contrast, participants did not prioritize the potential health benefits of improved cookstoves. The theoretical framework, research methodology, and behavior change strategy design process can be useful for program planners and researchers interested in identifying behavioral determinants and designing and evaluating improved cookstove interventions. PMID:24336020

  20. D-Cycloserine Augmentation of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Directions for Pilot Research in Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storch, Eric A.; McKay, Dean; Reid, Jeannette M.; Geller, Daniel A.; Goodman, Wayne K.; Lewin, Adam B.; Murphy, Tanya K.

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses a recent translational success in combining behavioral psychotherapy with a novel medication, d-cycloserine (DCS), to augment cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders. The literature on behavioral theory of exposure-based therapies is provided, followed by a discussion of the role of DCS in enhancing extinction…

  1. Materials Behavior Research Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The purpose is to evaluate mechanical properties of materials including metals, intermetallics, metal-matrix composites, and ceramic-matrix composites under typical...

  2. Preparing for smart grid technologies: A behavioral decision research approach to understanding consumer expectations about smart meters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the enactment of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, U.S. President Obama made a public commitment to a new approach to energy production and transmission in the United States. It features installing smart meters and related technologies in residential homes, as part of transforming the current electrical grid into a “smart grid.” Realizing this transformation requires consumers to accept these new technologies and take advantage of the opportunities that they create. We use methods from behavioral decision research to understand consumer beliefs about smart meters, including in-depth mental models interviews and a follow-up survey with a sample of potential smart meter customers of a major U.S. mid-Atlantic electricity utility. In both the surveys and the interviews, most respondents reported wanting smart meters. However, these preferences were often based on erroneous beliefs regarding their purpose and function. Respondents confused smart meters with in-home displays and other enabling technologies, while expecting to realize immediate savings. They also perceived risks, including less control over their electricity usage, violations of their privacy, and increased costs. We discuss the policy implications of our results. - Highlights: ► We outline normative risks and benefits of smart meters from scientific literature. ► We examine consumer perceptions of smart meters via interviews and surveys. ► Smart meter desire stems from consumer misconceptions about purpose and function. ► Appropriate communications may prevent consumer protests against the smart grid.

  3. Investigation of self-organized criticality behavior of edge plasma transport in Torus experiment of technology oriented research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The self-organized criticality (SOC) behavior of the edge plasma transport has been studied using fluctuation data measured in the plasma edge and the scrape-off layer of Torus experiment of technology oriented research tokamak [H. Soltwisch et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 26, 23 (1984)] before and during the edge biasing experiments. In the 'nonshear' discharge phase before biasing, the fluctuation data clearly show some of the characteristics associated with SOC, including similar frequency spectra to those obtained in 'sandpile' transport and other SOC systems, slowly decaying long tails in the autocorrelation function, values of Hurst parameters larger than 0.5 at all the detected radial locations, and a radial propagation of avalanchelike events in the edge plasma area. During the edge biasing phase, with the generation of an edge radial electric field Er and thus of ErxB flow shear, contrary to theoretical expectation, the Hurst parameters are substantially enhanced in the negative flow shear region and in the scrape-off layer as well. Concomitantly, it is found that the local turbulence is well decorrelated by the ErxB velocity shear, consistent with theoretical predictions

  4. CRIEPI's research results (2006-2011) and clarified future issues on alteration behavior of bentonite barrier by alkaline solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In radioactive waste disposal facilities, bentonite barrier would be altered by alkaline solutions which arise by leaching of cementitious materials. Consequently suitable properties of the bentonite barrier would be degraded for a long time period. In CRIEPI, the investigation on the alteration of the bentonite under alkaline conditions was started in 2006, and several CRIEPI reports have been published. Specifically, we have investigated the kinetics of montmorillonite dissolution, the mineralogical alteration of compacted bentonite (with high- and low-dry density) and the change of permeability of the compacted bentonite (with high- and low-dry density) during alteration under the alkaline conditions. Furthermore, stability of saponite, which has similar physical properties to the bentonite, under the alkaline conditions was also examined. In this report, we show the outline of those research results, and lay out the clarified future issues extracted from our results. Ten clarified future issues were divided three categories as follows: 1) the estimation of the alteration behavior of the bentonite by alkaline solutions, 2) the elucidation of the mechanism of physical properties (e.g., permeability, swelling properties and mechanistic properties) change of the compacted bentonites during alteration, and 3) the development of the model building and simulation technology concerning the change in physical properties during alteration under alkaline conditions. (author)

  5. Existing Research and Future Directions for Self-Regulated Strategy Development with Students with and at Risk for Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennis, Robin Parks; Jolivette, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) have academic deficits that affect their success in school. However, there are few research studies investigating what strategies work best for this population, especially in the area of writing. One promising intervention to support the writing skills of students with and at risk for E/BD is…

  6. Comparing Child, Parent, and Family Characteristics in Usual Care and Empirically Supported Treatment Research Samples for Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker-Ericzen, Mary J.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren; Jenkins, Melissa M.; Hough, Richard L.

    2010-01-01

    This study compared data from 34 research trials of five empirically supported treatments (ESTs) with one large usual care (UC) sample on child, parent, and family characteristics for children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Large variations were found within and across ESTs on sample characteristics during the past two decades. Most parent…

  7. Behavior modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelham, W E; Fabiano, G A

    2000-07-01

    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic and substantially impairing disorder. This means that treatment must also be chronic and substantial. Behavior Modification, and in many cases, the combination of behavior modification and stimulant medication, is a valid, useful treatment for reducing the pervasive impairment experienced by children with ADHD. Based on the research evidence reviewed, behavior modification should be the first line of treatment for children with ADHD. PMID:10944662

  8. KNOWLEDGE AND BEHAVIOR REGARDING SWINE FLU AMONG INTERNS AT INDEX MEDICAL COLLEGE, HOSPITAL & RESEARCH CENTER, INDORE (M.P.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shireen

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Swine flu is an acute respiratory disease, caused by a strain of influenza type A virus known as H1N1. On 11 June 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO raised its pandemic alert level to the highest one, from phase 5 which represent a strong signal that a pandemic is imminent to phase 6, which shows full global pandemic. OBJECTIVES: To determine student knowledge, awareness, attitude and behavior regarding swine flu and its vaccination at the Index Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Indore (M.P. MATERIAL & METHODS: This was a cross sectional study, carried out during March- April 2013 among, 209 Interns posted in various department, at Index Medical College. SPSS version 20 was used for statistical analysis. Study population was interviewed through pre-tested and pre-designed questionnaire. RESULT: 98.3% of the study population had previously heard of Swine flu. Newspaper was major source of information regarding swine flu in 38.3% followed by TV. Running Nose as a most common symptom was known to 21.8% only. 60.1% believed that pork eating can spread this disease. Only 2.1% believed in Hand washing as a mode of prevention. CONCLUSION: The results reflected the importance of health education as a cornerstone element in improving KAP towards influenza A/H1N1 infection. The study thrones light on the need of continuous health education of students to improve their awareness, attitude and practice regarding prevention of A/H1N1 virus.

  9. Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors among Teen and Young Adult Men: A Descriptive Portrait. Research Brief. Publication #2008-34

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manlove, Jennifer; Terry-Humen, Elizabeth; Ikramullah, Erum; Holcombe, Emily

    2008-01-01

    When it comes to the reproductive health behaviors of teens and young adults, far more public attention has focused on women than on men. That's not surprising. After all, men don't actually have the babies. Yet the importance of understanding men's reproductive health behaviors should not be overlooked, given their potential implications for men…

  10. Effects of Treatment on Disruptive Behaviors: A Quantitative Synthesis of Single-Subject Researches Using the PEM Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chiu-Wen; Ma, Hsen-Hsing

    2007-01-01

    The present study uses the PEM approach to synthesize the effectiveness of treatment on disruptive behaviors and simultaneously tests whether the higher validity of the PEM approach than that of the PND approach is repeatable. A hand search of the "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis" was conducted, and reference lists from reviewed articles were…

  11. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Staats, Arthur W.

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in cha...

  12. 中国行为地理学研究近期进展%Recent progress of behavioral geographic research in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴彦威; 塔娜

    2011-01-01

    在中国人文地理学人本主义转向的背景下,中国的行为地理学研究进入新一轮学习与借鉴西方行为地理学理论与方法的高潮,并力求构建具有中国特色的行为地理学研究框架,实施全方位的实证研究与规划应用.本文简要评述了西方行为地理学的最新进展,指出中国行为地理学发展需要借鉴多学科视角和先进技术手段,提升研究的学术价值与应用价值.2003年后中国行为地理学进入了重要的研究转向与繁荣发展阶段.本文介绍了中国行为地理学近期的发展动态,指出空间行为与规划研究会等对促进中国行为地理学发展以及扩大行为论方法的影响等方面起到了重要推动作用.中国的行为地理学研究从理论、方法、实证、应用等方面全面展开,研究主题和研究内容日益丰富,本文从迁居与通勤行为、消费者行为、认知地图和城市意象、空间行为与行为空间等方面评述了最新研究进展.中国行为地理学研究的发展方向将更加转向"空间中的行为"和日常行为,认知地图、行为决策过程、时空行为空间及行为规划将是未来关注的焦点.%In the context of human -oriented turning of China's human geography, behavioral geography in China has come to a new developping period. There has been a new round of studying and introcducing the theories and methods of Western behavioral geography. Meanwhile, schalors have begun to establish behavioral geographic resreach frameworks with Chinese characteristics, and implement comprehensive empirical researches and planning application. This paper briefly reviews the latest progress of western behavioral geography, and pointed out that China 's behavioral geography needs to draw on multi -disciplinary perspectives and leading- edge technologies to enhance the academic value and application. Since 2003, behavioral geography in China has come into an important phase characterized

  13. A Review of Research on Children's Bullying Behavior%幼儿欺负行为研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙巧锋; 郑福明

    2012-01-01

    欺负行为一直受到发展心理学家的关注,它对幼儿发展的影响不容忽视。本文通过梳理国内外有关欺负行为研究的文献后发现,研究者对欺负行为的概念界定不一,对幼儿欺负行为的研究较少。尤其是有关干预研究更为稀少。%Children's bullying behavior, whose influence upon children development is undeniable, has attracted the attention of developmental psychologists. This paper, with a review of research in this field at home and abroad, discovers that there were disagreements in the definitions of children' s bullying behavior, and relevant research on preschoolers is few and the intervention research is even scarcer.

  14. A review of the quality of behaviorally-based intervention research to improve social interaction skills of children with ASD in inclusive settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, Síglia Pimentel Höher; Rispoli, Mandy; Ganz, Jennifer; Hong, Ee Rea; Davis, Heather; Mason, Rose

    2014-09-01

    Students with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) often have difficulties in social interaction skills, which may prevent their successful inclusion in general education placements. Behaviorally-based social skills interventions have been shown to be effective in attenuating such difficulties in these environments. In light of the increasing number of children with ASD being educated in inclusive settings and requirements for the use of research-based interventions in schools, this paper (1) analyzes the quality of single-case research using behaviorally-based interventions to improve social interaction skills of children with ASD in inclusive settings and (2) evaluates whether such interventions can be considered an evidence-based practice. Characteristics and components of the interventions are summarized, and their implications for practice and future research are discussed. PMID:24781498

  15. Predictors of Self-Care Behaviors among Diabetic Patients Referred to Yazd Diabetes Research Centre Based on Extended Health Belief Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MH Baghianimoghadam

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Diabetes is the most common disease related to metabolism disorders with long term complications. It needs lifelong specific self-care, as it causes a promotion in quality of life and decreases disease costs. The Health Belief Model (HBM is a psychological model that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors. This is done by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individuals. The model has been used for studying diabetes self care behaviors. The aim of this study was determination of predictors of self-care behaviors among diabetes patients referred to Yazd diabetes research centre based on extended health belief model. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out on 120 diabetic patients referred to Yazd diabetes research centre who were entered in the study by convenience sampling. A questionnaire was used for data collection with a private interview which included questions regarding extended health belief model constructs including perceived benefits, barriers, severity, sensitivity, threat, self-efficacy, social support, metabolic control and locus of control and some demographic variables. Results: There was a positive significant correlation between model variable of perceived benefits, severity, sensitivity, threat, self-efficacy, social support, metabolic control and internal locus of control with self-care behaviors, and also a negative significant correlation between perceived barriers (P=0.001,chance locus of control (P=0.037 and self-care behaviors. The above variables explained 45.3 % of variance in diabetes self-care behaviors, with self-efficacy as the strongest predictor. Conclusion: The results of this study approved the effectiveness of extended health belief model in predicting self-care behaviors among diabetic patients, which can therefore be used as a framework for designing and implementing educational intervention programs for control of diabetes.

  16. 家具消费者购买行为及模式研究综述%Furniture of Consumer Buying Behavior and Model Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵思淼; 张怀; 李英

    2015-01-01

    Furniture purchase behavior of consumer researching for innovative development plays an important role to stimulate consumption and industry, consumer buying patterns of research to guide enterprise innovation business model to meet consumer demand. The paper review and summarize the furniture consumers purchasing behavior and patterns, the study respectively from purchase behavior and buying patterns carding analysis. Then the paper briefly summarized the problems and progress of furniture consumers purchasing behavior and patterns. Fthe future research direction is put forward. Finally, the paper put forward the factors of coping with the impact of consumers buy furniture.%家具消费者的购买行为研究对于刺激消费和家具行业创新性发展有着重要作用,消费者购买模式的研究引导企业创新商业模式以满足消费者需求.对家具消费者购买行为和模式进行回顾和总结,从购买行为和购买模式分别进行梳理探析,对家具消费者购买行为及模式的问题和进展简要总结,提出未来应对影响家具消费者购买的因素.

  17. The New Progresses in Research on Aggression Behavior%关于攻击行为研究的新进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓燕; 祝阳君; 方圣杰; 张林

    2012-01-01

    Based on the latest advance of researches on aggressive behavior,this article elaborates the developments of theories from GAM to GLM;and investigates the predictive factors about aggression behaviors from two perspectives,which are situational factors and person factors.Meanwhile,this paper illustrates the researches on aggression intervention that how we can reduce people's aggression and pointes out that current research about aggressive behavior remains some shortcomings and the research directions in future.%基于国内外学者对攻击行为的研究进展,阐释由一般攻击模型到一般学习模型的理论发展;从情境因素和个体因素两个方面探讨攻击行为的影响因素,梳理关于如何降低攻击行为的干预研究,有助于认识攻击行为研究中存在的不足与未来研究的方向。

  18. Research of Female Consumer Behavior in Cosmetics Market Case Study of Female Consumers in Hsinchu Area Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Chang-Tzu Chiang; Wan-Chen Yu

    2010-01-01

    The rapidly changing social situation in the latter part of the 20th century, such as revolutionary movement for women’s equal rights, significantly affects the women consumer behaviors as well as improves their social status. The awakening of female consumer’s consciousness during the recent years leads to alteration of consumer behavior, and influences the women’s usual conception for pursuing fashion and cosmetics application, in fact, the makeup practice has already been regarded as a soc...

  19. Exploring the relationship between faculty, students, and the Social and Behavioral Ethics Review Committee through action research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griebling, Susan; Zayas, Vilma Reyes; Borders, Christy; Moore, Elizabeth; Sokol, Ashley; Brydon-Miller, Mary; Gerlach, Julie; Norman, Claudia

    2009-06-01

    STUDENT RESEARCHERS USED ACTION research both to study the relationship between university researchers and the ethics committee, and also to explore the ethics committee's approach to protocols involving action research and other qualitative methods. We review the existing literature on relationships between university faculty and their ethics committees and briefly discuss the basic tenets of action research. We then describe our research process and the specific recommendations that resulted from this work. Finally, we consider the ways in which action research can be used to better understand and address institutional problems through effective collaboration and dialogue. PMID:19480589

  20. A review of research on direct-care staff data collection regarding the severity and function of challenging behavior in individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Emily K; Peck, Janelle A; Valdovinos, Maria G

    2016-09-01

    In working with individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs), it is direct care staff who are often required to collect data on individuals' behavior which is used as the basis for implementation of empirically based approaches for intervention and treatment. Due to limited resources, indirect and descriptive measures of challenging behaviors are employed to analyze the function of individuals' behaviors in place of the preferred method of multimodal assessment, which includes experimental functional analysis. To ensure the most effective services and support to individuals with IDDs, accurate and consistent data collection is critical. In this article, we highlight the importance of accurate data collection practices, conduct a comparison of data collection methods, and discuss limitations .… and barriers for staff. The article concludes with recommendations for best practices and future research. PMID:26502891

  1. 農業科學教師資訊搜尋行為之研究(上 Information Seeking Behavior of Agricultural Researchers(cont.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-min Liao

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available 無The purpose of this research was trying to understand the information seeking behavior derived from the studying and teaching informationo needs of those agricultural researchers. Concluded from the phenomena of their information seeking behavior and the factors behind, it might offer the libraries and other agricultural information service center as a reference to improve their service.   The subjects involved in this research were the agricultural teachers at National Chiayi Institute of Agriculture. In this research, there were five questions raised. By way of clarify these five questions as followed, it is possible to reach the purpose of this research.   1.What is the current studying and teaching conditions of the teachers? 2.What kind of studying and teaching situations will make the teachers have information needs? 3.What are the critical ways for the teachers to get needed literature? 4.How do the teachers use formal information channels? 5.How do the teachers use informal information channels? The data supporting this research were gathered through the methods of interview and questionnaire survey. The findings were: on teaching, the major situation having information needs for the teachers occurred when they were compiling texbook or handouts; on studying, it also happened when they wanted to complete the studies subsidized by the National Science Council, Council of Agriculture or Department of Agriculture: Taiwan Provincial Government. The commonest way for the teachers to obtain information resources

  2. “环境行为学”课程实践环节教学研究%Teaching Research in Environmental Behavior Course Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许芗斌; 夏义民; 杜春兰

    2012-01-01

    As one of the important theoretical support of Landscape Architecture and City Planning discipline education, Environmental Behavior mainly takes the interaction of external conditions and human behaviors as the research object. The main task of Environmental Behavior includes grasping the basic theory and principle relating to Environmental Behavior, learning and applying the survey method of Environmental Behavior, mastering human behavior regulation, aiming to guide landscape planning and outdoor space design. And it suggests taking progressive spatial scales as the core of the practice training in education design, mainly including space behavior research and analysis with micrographic, medium and microcosmic levels, emphasizing practice application of course knowledge, establishing a direct correlation between Environmental Behavior research production and city image and space design practice at the same time.%"环境行为学"作为风景园林、城市规划学科教育中的重要理论支撑之一,以外部环境与人类行为的相互作用作为主要研究对象。"环境行为学"课程任务包括把握该学科基本理论、原则,学习环境行为调查研究方法,强调学科知识的实践综合应用,同时建立其与规划设计的联系。本文提出并介绍了以渐进式空间尺度为核心的实践环节教学研究,主要包括宏观、中观、微观这三个层次的空间行为分析。该研究建构了学科研究成果与城市形象认知、空间规划设计实践的直接关联。

  3. The application of identified instructional strategies to science teaching in order to enhance appropriate student behavior: A collaborative action research case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamartina, Mary Fay

    For the past 2 school years, Charm City Elementary School has implemented Success For All (SFA), a whole school reform effort as a part of the literacy block. SFA follows a highly structured format for students' skill development. Over those 2 years, school administrators and teachers have noticed a tremendous reduction in the reported incidences of off task and disruptive behavior during the reading block. These observations were supported by a review of office data. During the same period, disruptive and off-task behaviors were reported with great frequency schoolwide after the literacy block. Teachers wondered why this was so. A group of grade teachers decided to investigate factors that may possibly be contributing to this obvious reduction in student misbehaviors for the purpose of reducing afternoon off task and disruptive behavior through a transfer of certain positive factors. Possible causal factors identified included the nature of the highly structured reading block, the time of day, or the materials or instructional techniques being used during SFA instruction. This was an action research case study whose purpose was to investigate and determine factors which teachers schoolwide say cause the reduction of incidents of reported misbehavior during the reading block, and to replicate the use of these positive factors during the science instructional period in order to reduce off-task actions which may lead to disruptive behavior. The findings of this study show that teachers can identify factors, which they say relate to a reduction in off task and disruptive behavior. They can identify factors which they say promote on-task and positive behaviors. Teachers can then redesign and implement these identified instructional strategies into a science curriculum that will reduce off-task and disruptive behavior. The findings discussed in this study document the value of action research in improving teacher practice. A review of the literature supports the

  4. The Effect of Manager s’ Ethical Behavior on Boundary Spanning Role Employees’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction: A Research in Adana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alptekin Sökmen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Like manufacturing companies, hotels implement several strategies in order to satisfy consumers’ needs and wants. These strategies play critical roles in the context of unique characteristics of hotel services and interaction between boundary spanning role employee and consumer, when they are examined from the service firms’ perspectives. Having outlined this basic information, managerial ethical behaviors are assumed to depict relationships with frontline employees’ motivation and job satisfaction. In light of the aforementioned information, this study aims to make boundary spanning role employees assess the managerial ethical behaviors. Therefore, Managerial Ethical Behavior and Job Satisfaction Survey was conducted with 836 frontline employees in four and five star hotels in Adana. The reliability and validity dimensions of the scale were taken into consideration so as to be capable of obtaining reasonable results and making contribution to the related literature. Frequency tests and means were employed, and regression analysis was used to investigate the effect of managerial ethical behavior on employees’ motivation and job satisfaction. Managerial ethical behavior has positive effects on both employees' motivation and their job satisfaction. And as expected, employees motivation has positive and moderate effect on their job satisfaction in the subject 4 and 5 Star hotel companies

  5. 网络拖延行为与心理研究%The Internet Procrastination Behavior and Psychological Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周金运; 黄丽芬

    2015-01-01

    网络化时代,网络拖延无处不在。过度沉迷网络可能会改变大脑生物功能与神经偏好,因此造成的网络拖延正在降低人们的创新力与执行力,并深刻影响个体的心理与行为。克服网络拖延,新的认知与新的行为习性是一个良好的开端,同时,亦要在情绪、意志与行为三者之间形成良性互动,构建去拖延化的长效机制。%In the period of networking,Internet procrastination is a universal phenomenon. Overusing the internet will change the biological function of brain and the nerve predilection. As a result,the internet procrastination behavior will lower the innovation and implementation,moreover,it will influence the individual psychology and behavior profoundly. It is a good beginning through overcoming internet procrastination behavior,establishing new acknowledge and behavior propensity,furthermore,it needs optimum interactive among the sentiment,will and behavior,so as to construct a permanent mechanism to remove the procrastination.

  6. Voices of Hispanic College Students: A Content Analysis of Qualitative Research within the "Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storlie, Cassandra A.; Moreno, Luis S.; Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe

    2014-01-01

    As Hispanic students continue to be an underrepresented cultural group in higher education, researchers are called to uncover the challenging and complex experience of this diverse group of students. Using the constant comparative method, these researchers conducted a content analysis of the qualitative research on the experiences of Hispanic…

  7. The ABCs of incentive-based treatment in health care: a behavior analytic framework to inform research and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Meredith SE; Jarvis BP; Raiff BR; Rojewski AM; Kurti A; Cassidy RN; Erb P; Sy JR; Dallery J

    2014-01-01

    Steven E Meredith,1 Brantley P Jarvis,2 Bethany R Raiff,3 Alana M Rojewski,2 Allison Kurti,2 Rachel N Cassidy,2 Philip Erb,2 Jolene R Sy,4 Jesse Dallery2 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 3Department of Psychology, Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA; 4Saint Louis University School of Social Work, St Louis, MO, USA Abstract: Behavior p...

  8. Behavioral responses of one western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic, to tourists, researchers and trackers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klailova, Michelle; Hodgkinson, Chloe; Lee, Phyllis C

    2010-09-01

    Gorilla tourism, widely perceived as a lucrative industry, is propelled by strong market demand with programs in five countries and for three of four gorilla subspecies. Human presence may negatively affect wild gorillas, potentially lowering immunity and increasing the likelihood of acquiring human-borne disease. Yet, behavioral impacts of humans on wild gorilla behavior remain largely unexplored, particularly for western lowland gorillas. We evaluate the impact of tourist presence, human observer numbers (tourists, trackers, and researchers), and human observer distance on the behavior of one habituated gorilla group at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. Behavioral data were collected for more than 12 months from January 2007. Of silverback aggressive events, 39% (N=229) were human directed, but 65% were low-level soft barks. Adult females, and one in particular, were responsible for the highest number of aggressive events toward humans. Humans maintained closer proximity to the silverback when tourists were present, although tourist numbers had no significant impact on overall group activity budgets or rates of human-directed aggression. However, as research team size increased, group feeding rates decreased. Close observer-silverback distance correlated with a decrease in his feeding rates and an increase in human monitoring. He directed less aggression toward observers at distances >10 m, although observers spent 48.5% of time between 6 and 10 m of the silverback. We discuss gorilla personality as a factor in human-directed aggression. We explore whether the current 7 m distance limit governing gorilla tourism, based on disease transmission risks, is sufficient considering the potential behavioral stressor of close human presence. We recommend increasing minimum observation distance to >10 m where possible, decreasing observer group sizes, particularly after a visit consisting of maximum numbers and restricting tourist access to 1 visit/day. PMID:20806337

  9. On taming horses and strengthening riders: recent developments in research on interventions to improve self-control in health behaviors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Friese; W. Hofmann; R.W. Wiers

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews recent developments in the design of interventions to improve health behavior. Based on dual-system models we classify intervention strategies according to whether they aim at: (i) changing impulsive structures; (ii) improving the ability to self-control; or (iii) changing refle

  10. Gene by Environment Research to Prevent Externalizing Problem Behavior : Ethical Questions Raised from a Public Healthcare Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chhangur, Rabia R.; Weeland, Joyce; Matthys, Walter; Overbeek, Geertjan

    2015-01-01

    The main public health advantages of examining gene by environment interactions (i.e., G x E) in externalizing behavior lie in the realm of personalized interventions. Nevertheless, the incorporation of genetic data in randomized controlled trials is fraught with difficulties and raises ethical ques

  11. An Analysis of Organizational Behavior Management Research in Terms of the Three-Contingency Model of Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherly, Nicholas L.; Malott, Richard W.

    2008-01-01

    The three-contingency model of performance management (Malott, 1992, 1993, 1999) was used to analyze interventions in the "Journal of Organizational Behavior Management (JOBM)" from the years 1990 through 2005 (Volume 11[1]-Volume 25[4]). The current article extends previous reviews (Malott, Shimamune, & Malott, 1992; Otto & Malott, 2004) by…

  12. The Effect of Manager s’ Ethical Behavior on Boundary Spanning Role Employees’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction: A Research in Adana

    OpenAIRE

    Alptekin Sökmen; Emre Burak Ekmekçioğlu

    2013-01-01

    Like manufacturing companies, hotels implement several strategies in order to satisfy consumers’ needs and wants. These strategies play critical roles in the context of unique characteristics of hotel services and interaction between boundary spanning role employee and consumer, when they are examined from the service firms’ perspectives. Having outlined this basic information, managerial ethical behaviors are assumed to depict relationships with frontline employees’ mot...

  13. Alcohol Use and High-Risk Sexual Behavior among Collegiate Women: A Review of Research on Alcohol Myopia Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Jessica A.; Umstattd, M. Renee; Usdan, Stuart L.

    2010-01-01

    A review of current English literature in the areas of high-risk alcohol use and sexual behavior was conducted from September 2007 to December 2008. Objective: The purpose was to specifically review studies that used alcohol myopia theory (AMT) as the theoretical perspective from which they were evaluated and analyzed. Participants: Collegiate…

  14. HFM-143 NATO research specialists meeting on human behavior representation in constructive modeling: Report of the recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Lotens, W.; Allender, L.; Castor, M; Belyavin, A.; Gluck, K.; Cain, B.; Armstrong, J

    2008-01-01

    As the penultimate effort of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) study group, HFM-128, a Specialists Meeting was held in May 2007. This poster presents the summary recommendations of the more than 30 experts and practitioners in human behavior representation (HBR) who assembled to discuss seven challenge topics.

  15. A New Tool to Assess Treatment Fidelity and Evaluation of Treatment Fidelity across 10 Years of Health Behavior Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrelli, Belinda; Sepinwall, Deborah; Ernst, Denise; Bellg, Albert J.; Czajkowski, Susan; Breger, Rosemary; DeFrancesco, Carol; Levesque, Chantal; Sharp, Daryl L.; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Resnick, Barbara; Orwig, Denise

    2005-01-01

    A. Bellg, B. Borrelli, et al. (2004) previously developed a framework that consisted of strategies to enhance treatment fidelity of health behavior interventions. The present study used this framework to (a) develop a measure of treatment fidelity and (b) use the measure to evaluate treatment fidelity in articles published in 5 journals over 10…

  16. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory Related to Academic Achievement and School Behavior. Interim Research Report # 23.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Rosalyn; And Others

    Scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were related to scores on achievement and intelligence tests, and to socioeconomic level and to teachers' ratings of student behavior, in order to test the hypothesis that student self esteem would have a positive effect on academic achievement. There was a small but statistically significant…

  17. Solving Sleep Behavior Disorders in Infants and Toddlers: The Munich Research and Intervention Program for Fussy Babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papousek, Mechthild

    2009-01-01

    Sleep behavior disorders do not only affect infants' well-being, they also challenge the parents' physical and emotional resources, promote risks for the growing parent-infant relationships, and burden the parents' co-parenting relationship. Sleep-onset and night waking problems are widely spread among otherwise healthy infants, and they tend to…

  18. HFM-143 NATO research specialists meeting on human behavior representation in constructive modeling: Report of the recommendations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lotens, W.; Allender, L.; Castor, M.; Belyavin, A.; Gluck, K.; Cain, B.; Armstrong, J.

    2008-01-01

    As the penultimate effort of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Human Factors and Medicine Panel (HFM) study group, HFM-128, a Specialists Meeting was held in May 2007. This poster presents the summary recommendations of the more than 30 experts and practitioners in human behavior represe

  19. [Research and application: scale of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of lifestyle intervention in a diabetes high-risk population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W J

    2016-07-01

    There is a large population at high risk for diabetes in China, and there has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of diabetes in the country over the past 30 years. Interventions targeting the individual risk factors of diabetes can effectively prevent diabetes; these include factors such as an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, overweight, and obesity, among others. Evaluation of related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors before and after intervention using appropriate scales can measure population demands and the effectiveness of interventions. Scientificity and practicability are basic requirements of scale development. The theoretical basis and measuring items of a scale should be consistent with the theory of behavior change and should measure the content of interventions in a standardized and detailed manner to produce good validity, reliability, and acceptability. The scale of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of lifestyle intervention in a diabetes high-risk population is a tool for demand evaluation and effect evaluation of lifestyle intervention that has good validity and reliability. Established by the National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, its use can help to decrease the Chinese population at high risk for diabetes through targeted and scientifically sound lifestyle interventions. Future development of intervention evaluation scales for useing in high-risk populations should consider new factors and characteristics of the different populations, to develop new scales and modify or simplify existing ones, as well as to extend the measurement dimensions to barriers and supporting environment for behaviors change. PMID:27412829

  20. Research of Novice Drivers′ Behavior Based on Factor Analysis%基于因子分析法的初驾者驾驶行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪益纯; 陈川

    2012-01-01

    According to the accident cases, this article summarizes the bad driving behaviors leading to accidents based on the research of driving behavior at home and abroad. These bad behaviors are classified. At the same time, the questionnaire is designed and performed investigation. Then the common factor of driving behavior classification are concluded used factor analysis which avoids the shortcoming that the classification of driving behavior can't be survey directly. The association of common factor and social and economic characteristics is analyzed. Life attitude and daily driving situation of drivers is also considered. And also the differences among the different kinds of novice driver would be get using One-Way ANOV. Those could promote the study of driving behavior to more quantitative, detailed-oriented and specific direction, and assist traffic safety education to more targeted, specific direction.%在国内外驾驶行为的研究基础上,根据事故案例总结导致事故发生的不良驾驶行为,进行归纳与分类后开展问卷调查.利用因子分析法对无法直接进行调查的驾驶行为分类进行公共因子提取.分析公共因子与初驾者性别、年龄、职业、文化程度等社会经济特征的关联性.考虑到日常驾驶情况、生活态度对驾驶行为的影响,文中引入了生活态度指标以及日常驾驶情况指标,利用单因素方差分析法得到不同类型初驾者在驾驶行为分类上的差异.

  1. The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales (A 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'The Behavior of Hydrogen Under Extreme Conditions on Ultrafast Timescales ' was submitted by the Center for Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. EFree is directed by Ho-kwang Mao at the Carnegie Institute of Washington and is a partnership of scientists from thirteen institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments is 'to accelerate the discovery and creation of energy-relevant materials using extreme pressures and temperatures.' Research topics are: catalysis (CO2, water), photocatalysis, solid state lighting, optics, thermelectric, phonons, thermal conductivity, solar electrodes, fuel cells, superconductivity, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, spin dynamics, CO2 (capture, convert, store), greenhouse gas, hydrogen (fuel, storage), ultrafast physics, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

  2. The impact of threat appeals on fear arousal and driver behavior: a meta-analysis of experimental research 1990-2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel N Carey

    Full Text Available The existing empirical research exploring the impact of threat appeals on driver behavior has reported inconsistent findings. In an effort to provide an up-to-date synthesis of the experimental findings, meta-analytic techniques were employed to examine the impact of threat-based messages on fear arousal and on lab-based indices of driving behavior. Experimental studies (k = 13, N = 3044, conducted between 1990 and 2011, were included in the analyses. The aims of the current analysis were (a to examine whether or not the experimental manipulations had a significant impact on evoked fear, (b to examine the impact of threat appeals on three distinct indices of driving, and (c to identify moderators and mediators of the relationship between fear and driving outcomes. Large effects emerged for the level of fear evoked, with experimental groups reporting increased fear arousal in comparison to control groups (r = .64, n = 619, p<.01. The effect of threat appeals on driving outcomes, however, was not significant (r = .03, p = .17. This analysis of the experimental literature indicates that threat appeals can lead to increased fear arousal, but do not appear to have the desired impact on driving behavior. We discuss these findings in the context of threat-based road safety campaigns and future directions for experimental research in this area.

  3. 项目教学情境中学习行为研究综述%The Research Summary of Learning Behavior of Project Teaching Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘磊

    2012-01-01

    学生的学习行为是教学效果和学习效果最真实的表征,普通教育中的研究成果颇丰,如何借鉴普通教育中的研究成果来研究项目教学情境中学习行为,是当前要解决的首要问题。从情境学习的特征,学习行为的内涵,问题与对策,影响因素和心理机制等五个方面进行探究,并提出预期突破,。%The students'behavior is the most authentic representation of effectiveness of teaching and learning.There are fruitful results in general education,how to learn from general education research project to study the learning behavior in the teaching situation,is currently the most important issue to be solved.These research was studied from the feature of situatied learning,content,problems and solutions,factors and psychological mechanisms in learning behavior,and made the expected breakthrough.

  4. Research on action mechanism of organizational safety behavior on individual unsafe behavior in coal mine%煤矿组织安全行为对个体不安全行为的作用机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟瑞鹏; 陈策

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the action mechanism of organizational safety behavior on individual unsafe behavior in coal mine, the related research findings at home and abroad were summarized, and it was put forward that the indi-vidual unsafe behavior includes 3 influence factors:psychological factor, physiological factor and technical factor, and it covers 10 aspects including memory, thinking, emotion, will, personality, temperament, ability, attitude, knowledge and professional skills.The structural equation model( SEM) for organizational safety behavior on indi-vidual unsafe behavior was constructed, and it was verified by using the statistical analysis method ( AMOS17.0) . The result showed that attitude, emotion, will, ability and professional skills are easily influenced by organizational safety behavior, while the influence of organizational safety behavior on personality and temperament is relatively small because they are the mental characteristics being relatively stable for individuals.It is advantageous for coal mine to pertinently make behavior intervention program and control individual unsafe behavior proceeding from or-ganizational safety behavior.%为了探究煤矿组织安全行为对个体不安全行为的作用机理,总结国内外相关研究成果,提出个体不安全行为包含心理、生理、技能3个影响因素,涵盖记忆、思维、情绪、意志、性格、气质、能力、态度、知识、专业操作技能10个方面。在此基础上,构建了组织安全行为对个体不安全行为的结构方程模型(SEM),运用统计分析方法(AMOS17.0)进行了验证分析。结果显示态度、情绪、意志、能力、专业操作技能容易受组织安全行为的影响,而性格、气质等因素由于是个体相对稳定的心理特征,受组织安全行为影响相对较小。深入研究煤矿组织安全行为对个体不安全行为的作用机理,有利于煤矿从组织安全行为入手有针

  5. The Impact on University Libraries of Changes in Information Behavior among Academic Researchers: A Multiple Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haglund, Lotta; Olsson, Per

    2008-01-01

    To better understand the information needs of young university researchers, an observational study was performed at three universities in Stockholm, Sweden. The observations revealed that most of the researchers used Google for everything, that they were confident that they could manage on their own, and that they relied heavily on immediate…

  6. Electrochemical research on corrosion behavior of A3 steel in compound sodium molybadate and organic inhibitor solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, C. X.; Chen, Y. M.; Xu, H. W.; Zhang, M.; Chen, M.; Xue, M.; Wu, J. Y.; Huang, C. S.

    2015-07-01

    The electrochemical corrosion behavior of A3 in compound sodium molybdate and organic inhibitor solution was tested by the electrochemical workstation method. The concentration of the compound inhibitor set to range 250 mg/L to 3000 mg/L. The polarization curve results of A3 in different concentration inhibitor solutions show that the inhibitor markedly represses the anodic processes. The EIS has two time constant. The extreme concentration is 1500 mg/L.

  7. A Research Agenda to Examine the Efficacy and Relevance of the Transtheoretical Model for Physical Activity Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Nigg, Claudio R; Geller, Karly S.; Motl, Rob W.; Horwath, Caroline C.; Wertin, Kristin K.; Dishman, Rodney K.

    2011-01-01

    Regular physical activity (PA) decreases the risk of several chronic diseases including some cancers, type II diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease; however, the majority of US adults are not meeting the recommended levels to experience these benefits. To address this public health concern, the underlying mechanisms for behavior change need to be understood, translated and disseminated into appropriately tailored interventions. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) provides a framework for...

  8. THE EFFECT OF PERSONALITY TRAITS ON LEADERSHIP BEHAVIORS: A RESEARCH ON THE STUDENTS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Agah Sinan Ünsar; Serol Karalar

    2014-01-01

    In leadership definitions, it is generally approved that superior personality traits are one of the factors which form successful leadership. Furthermore, individuals follow leaders consistently and choose leaders as their role models. In this context; the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of personality traits on leadership behaviors. Thus; a questionnaire has been implemented on the students of Trakya University Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences (FEAS...

  9. Children's emotional and behavioral problems research%幼儿情绪与行为问题调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文瑾

    2015-01-01

    Children's emotion and behavior is an important symbol of children mature, their psychological behavior development orientation and procedural, emotional cause young children's behavior. Therefore, conform to perceive movement to the development of the emotion, from the children's emotional motivation to the development of various ability, from the intuitive thinking action to the development of the thinking in images, to evaluate children's emotional and behavioral development, can provide specific Suggestions on the development of early childhood; Through parenting skills at the same time, the church adult and children's communication and the way of the game, to help cultivate their good mood emotion, social adaptability and learning skills, etc., to promote health, harmony and all-round development.%幼儿情绪与行为是幼儿成熟的重要标志,其心理行为发展具有定向性和程序性,情绪诱发幼儿的行为。因此,遵从感知运动到情绪的发展,从幼儿情绪动机到各种能力的发展,从直觉行动思维到形象思维的发展,通过对儿童的情绪和行为发育进行评估,能够提供儿童早期发展的针对性建议;同时通过提高育儿技能,教会成人与幼儿交流和游戏方式,帮助培养孩子良好的情绪情感、社会适应能力和学习技能等,促进幼儿健康、和谐、全面发展。

  10. Assessing Individual Intellectual Output in Scientific Research: Mexico's National System for Evaluating Scholars Performance in the Humanities and the Behavioral Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frixione, Eugenio; Ruiz-Zamarripa, Lourdes; Hernández, Gerardo

    2016-01-01

    Assessing the research of individual scholars is currently a matter of serious concern and worldwide debate. In order to gauge the long-term efficacy and efficiency of this practice, we carried out a limited survey of the operation and outcome of Mexico's 30-year old National System of Investigators or SNI, the country's main instrument for stimulating competitive research in science and technology. A statistical random sample of researchers listed in the area of Humanities and Behavioral Sciences-one of SNI's first and better consolidated academic divisions comprising a wide range of research disciplines, from philosophy to pedagogy to archaeology to experimental brain research-was screened comparing individual ranks or "Levels of distinction" to actual compliance with the SNI's own evaluation criteria, as reflected in major public databases of scholarly production. The same analysis was applied to members of a recent Review Committee, integrated by top-level researchers belonging to that general area of knowledge, who have been in charge of assessing and ranking their colleagues. Our results for both sets of scholars show wide disparity of individual productivity within the same SNI Level, according to all key indicators officially required (books issued by prestigious publishers, research articles appeared in indexed journals, and formation of new scientists), as well as in impact estimated by numbers of citations. Statistical calculation from the data indicates that 36% of members in the Review Committee and 53% of researchers in the random sample do not satisfy the official criteria requested for their appointed SNI Levels. The findings are discussed in terms of possible methodological errors in our study, of relevance for the SNI at large in relation to independent appraisals, of the cost-benefit balance of the organization as a research policy tool, and of possible alternatives for its thorough restructuring. As it currently stands SNI is not a model for

  11. Assessing Individual Intellectual Output in Scientific Research: Mexico's National System for Evaluating Scholars Performance in the Humanities and the Behavioral Sciences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenio Frixione

    Full Text Available Assessing the research of individual scholars is currently a matter of serious concern and worldwide debate. In order to gauge the long-term efficacy and efficiency of this practice, we carried out a limited survey of the operation and outcome of Mexico's 30-year old National System of Investigators or SNI, the country's main instrument for stimulating competitive research in science and technology. A statistical random sample of researchers listed in the area of Humanities and Behavioral Sciences-one of SNI's first and better consolidated academic divisions comprising a wide range of research disciplines, from philosophy to pedagogy to archaeology to experimental brain research-was screened comparing individual ranks or "Levels of distinction" to actual compliance with the SNI's own evaluation criteria, as reflected in major public databases of scholarly production. The same analysis was applied to members of a recent Review Committee, integrated by top-level researchers belonging to that general area of knowledge, who have been in charge of assessing and ranking their colleagues. Our results for both sets of scholars show wide disparity of individual productivity within the same SNI Level, according to all key indicators officially required (books issued by prestigious publishers, research articles appeared in indexed journals, and formation of new scientists, as well as in impact estimated by numbers of citations. Statistical calculation from the data indicates that 36% of members in the Review Committee and 53% of researchers in the random sample do not satisfy the official criteria requested for their appointed SNI Levels. The findings are discussed in terms of possible methodological errors in our study, of relevance for the SNI at large in relation to independent appraisals, of the cost-benefit balance of the organization as a research policy tool, and of possible alternatives for its thorough restructuring. As it currently stands SNI is

  12. Twenty-second water reactor safety information meeting. Volume 2: Severe accident research, thermal hydraulic research for advanced passive LWRs, high-burnup fuel behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This three-volume report contains papers presented at the Twenty-Second Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, during the week of October 24-26, 1994. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included papers presented by researchers from Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, and United Kingdom. The titles of the papers and the names of the authors have been updated and may differ from those that appeared in the final program of the meeting

  13. Twenty-second water reactor safety information meeting. Volume 2: Severe accident research, thermal hydraulic research for advanced passive LWRs, high-burnup fuel behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteleone, S. [comp.

    1995-04-01

    This three-volume report contains papers presented at the Twenty-Second Water Reactor Safety Information Meeting held at the Bethesda Marriott Hotel, Bethesda, Maryland, during the week of October 24-26, 1994. The papers are printed in the order of their presentation in each session and describe progress and results of programs in nuclear safety research conducted in this country and abroad. Foreign participation in the meeting included papers presented by researchers from Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, and United Kingdom. The titles of the papers and the names of the authors have been updated and may differ from those that appeared in the final program of the meeting.

  14. The Research on Knowledge Inheritance Behavior of Old TCM Experts Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior%基于计划行为理论的名老中医知识传承的行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤少梁; 倪杰

    2012-01-01

    通过计划行为理论,探讨名老中医知识传承行为的影响机理.认为名老中医的知识垄断的心理、医院归属感以及自身传授能力等因素,会影响其传承意愿,从而间接影响其知识传承行为.提出应从建立激励机制、医院文化和政府扶持3个方面激励名老中医进行知识传承.%The paper explores the influences of old TCM Experts inherited behavior by the theory of planned behavior. It considers the factors including knowledge monopolization psychology, the sense of belonging in hospital, the ability to teach can indirectly influence the inherited behavior of old TCM Experts by inheritance intention. At last the research considers to promote the old TCM Expert's knowledge inheritance by establishing an incentive mechanism, the hospital culture and government support.

  15. A Novel Research on Behavior of Zinc Ferrite Nanoparticles in Different Concentration of Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone (PVP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halimah Mohamed Kamari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Zinc ferrite nanocrystals were prepared from an aqueous solution containing metal nitrates and various of concentrations of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone (PVP, i.e., 0, 15, 40, and 55 g/L, as a capping agent. To stabilize the particles, they were thermally treated at 873 K, as an optimum calcination temperature. The behaviors of the polymeric precursor were analyzed by use of simultaneous thermo-gravimetry (TG and derivative thermo-gravimetry analyses (DTG. The presence of the crystalline phase in each sample was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD analysis. The average particle size and the morphology of the nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM, and these parameters were found to differ at various concentrations of PVP. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR confirmed the presence of metal oxide bands for all the PVP concentrations and confirmed the absence of organic bands for PVP concentrations less than 55 g/L. Measurements of the magnetization value of the zinc ferrite nanoparticles were obtained at room temperature by using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM, which showed that, in the absence of PVP, the sample exhibited a paramagnetic behavior while, in the presence of PVP, samples have a super-paramagnetic behavior.

  16. Attribution research on irrational consumption behaviors of contemporary college students%当代大学生非理性消费行为归因研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艺; 杨月

    2014-01-01

    Irrational consumption is an important source of profit of retail enterprises, which receives widely attention in academic field. College life is the key period of fostering personal brand loyalty, therefore college students become improtant target customers of retail enterprises. College students are taken as research objects, and categorized according to their life styles, and the purchasing motivation behind irrational consumption behaviors of them is tried to reveal from perspectives of the type and consumption demand of them. The research finds that irrational consumption behaviors can be devided into two dimensions, namely, blind consumption behaviors and impulsive consumption behaviors. Irrational consumption demands can be divided into seven aspects of achievement demand, difference-seeking demand, curiosity-seeking demand, cheap-seeking demand, sociality demand, brand demand and pressure-releasing demand. Difference-seeking demand and brand demand lead to blind consumption behaviors, while achievement demand, curiosity-seeking demand, cheap-seeking demand, sociality demand and pressure-releasing demand are important factors which lead to blind consumption behaviors and impulsive consumption behaviors. This research enriches theories of irrational consumption behaviors, offers theoretical support for enterprises to better understand the consumption behaviors of college students, provides differentiated marketing advices for the merchants whose target customer is college students, and makes personalized marketing plan according to different types of college students.%非理性消费是零售企业利润的重要来源,受到学术界的广泛关注。大学阶段是个人品牌忠诚培养的关键期,因此大学生成为零售企业重要的目标顾客。以大学生为研究对象,根据生活方式对大学生群体进行分类,并试图从大学生类型和消费需要的角度揭示大学生非理性消费行为背后的购买动因。研究

  17. Inductive inference or inductive behavior: Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches to statistical testing in psychological research (1940-1960).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpin, Peter F; Stam, Henderikus J

    2006-01-01

    The application of statistical testing in psychological research over the period of 1940-1960 is examined in order to address psychologists' reconciliation of the extant controversy between the Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches. Textbooks of psychological statistics and the psychological journal literature are reviewed to examine the presence of what Gigerenzer (1993) called a hybrid model of statistical testing. Such a model is present in the textbooks, although the mathematically incomplete character of this model precludes the appearance of a similarly hybridized approach to statistical testing in the research literature. The implications of this hybrid model for psychological research and the statistical testing controversy are discussed. PMID:17286092

  18. Assessing Individual Intellectual Output in Scientific Research: Mexico’s National System for Evaluating Scholars Performance in the Humanities and the Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frixione, Eugenio; Ruiz-Zamarripa, Lourdes; Hernández, Gerardo

    2016-01-01

    Assessing the research of individual scholars is currently a matter of serious concern and worldwide debate. In order to gauge the long-term efficacy and efficiency of this practice, we carried out a limited survey of the operation and outcome of Mexico’s 30-year old National System of Investigators or SNI, the country’s main instrument for stimulating competitive research in science and technology. A statistical random sample of researchers listed in the area of Humanities and Behavioral Sciences—one of SNI’s first and better consolidated academic divisions comprising a wide range of research disciplines, from philosophy to pedagogy to archaeology to experimental brain research—was screened comparing individual ranks or "Levels of distinction" to actual compliance with the SNI’s own evaluation criteria, as reflected in major public databases of scholarly production. The same analysis was applied to members of a recent Review Committee, integrated by top-level researchers belonging to that general area of knowledge, who have been in charge of assessing and ranking their colleagues. Our results for both sets of scholars show wide disparity of individual productivity within the same SNI Level, according to all key indicators officially required (books issued by prestigious publishers, research articles appeared in indexed journals, and formation of new scientists), as well as in impact estimated by numbers of citations. Statistical calculation from the data indicates that 36% of members in the Review Committee and 53% of researchers in the random sample do not satisfy the official criteria requested for their appointed SNI Levels. The findings are discussed in terms of possible methodological errors in our study, of relevance for the SNI at large in relation to independent appraisals, of the cost-benefit balance of the organization as a research policy tool, and of possible alternatives for its thorough restructuring. As it currently stands SNI is not a

  19. A Research for the Unemployment People’ s Job-seeking Behavior%失业人员求职行为的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣; 吴江

    2015-01-01

    文章基于计划行为理论的视角对失业人员求职行为及其影响因素进行研究。通过实证研究的方法对构建的理论模型进行验证,得到的模型适配度很好。并验证主观规范、行为态度和求职自我效能对求职意向具有积极的显著正向作用,且求职意向在各变量对求职行为的影响过程中起显著的中介作用。求职自我效能对求职强度影响作用显著,且在求职自我效能与求职行为作用的过程中起显著中介作用,但该变量在求职意向对求职行为作用的过程中的中介作用不显著。%Based on the theory of planned behavior, this paper closely surrounds the research project that the job⁃seeking behavior of unemployment people. And test the theory model by the empirical analysis. Subjective norm, behavioral attitude and job search self⁃efficacy have significant positive effect on job⁃seeking intention of unemployment people, and job⁃seeking intention as an intermediary variable between variables of job⁃seeking behavior and others, the effect is significant. Job self⁃efficacy has significant positive effect on job search which as an intermediary variable between job self⁃efficacy and others, the effect is significant. Job intensity as an intermediary variable between job⁃seeking intention an job⁃seeking behavior, however, the effect isn ’ t significant.

  20. Chaotic behavior in a system simulating the pressure balanced injection system. Analysis of passive safety reactor behavior. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H12-012 (Contract research)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madarame, Haruki; Okamoto, Koji; Tanaka, Gentaro; Morimoto, Yuichiro [Tokyo Univ., School of Engineering, Tokyo (Japan); Sato, Akira [Yamagata Univ., Faculty of Engineering, Yonezawa, Yamagata (Japan); Kondou, Masaya [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2003-03-01

    The pressure Balanced Injection System (PBIS) was proposed in a passive safety reactor. Pressurizing Line (PL) connects the Reactor Vessel (RV) and the gas area in the Contain Vessel (CV), and Injected Line (IL) connects two vessels at relatively lower position. In an accident, the two lines are passively opened. The vapor generated by the residual heat pressed downward the water level in the RV. When the level is lower than the inlet of the PL, vapor is ejected into the CV through the PL attaining the pressure balance between the vessels. Then boron water in the CV is injected into the RV through the IL by the static head. This process is repeated by the succeeding vapor generation. In an experiment, the oscillating system was replaced by water column in a U-shaped duct. The vapor generation was simulated by cover gas supply to one end of the duct, while the other end was open to the atmosphere. When the water level reached a certain level, electromagnetic valves opened and the cover gas was ejected. The gas pressure decreased rapidly, resulting in a surface rise. When the water level reached another level, the valves closed. The cover gas pressure increased again, thus, gas ejection occurred intermittently. The interval of the gas ejection was not constant but fluctuated widely. Mere stochastic noise could hardly explain the large amplitude. Then was expressed the system using a set of linear equations. Various types of piecewise linear model were developed to examine the cause of the fluctuation. There appeared tangential bifurcation, period-doubling bifurcation, period-adding bifurcation and so on. The calculated interval exhibited chaotic features. Thus the cause of the fluctuation can be attributed to chaotic features of the system having switching. Since the piecewise linear model was highly simplified the behavior, a quantitative comparison between the calculation and the experiment was difficult. Therefore, numerical simulation code considering nonlinear

  1. Research on the Friction and Wear Behavior at Elevated Temperature of Plasma-Sprayed Nanostructured WC-Co Coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hui; Gou, Guoqing; Tu, Mingjing; Liu, Yan

    2010-02-01

    Nanostructured and ultra-fine WC-Co coatings were prepared by plasma spray. The friction and wear behavior at elevated temperature and failure mechanism were investigated. The results indicated that the sliding wear resistance of nanostructured coating is better than that of ultra-fine coating at high temperature. The wear mechanism is different between ultra-fine coating and nanostructured coating. Brittle fracture and adhesive wear dominate in ultra-fine coating followed with abrasive wear. Toughness fracture and abrasive wear dominate in nanostructured coating followed with adhesive wear.

  2. Diversity Research on Income Difference and Consumption Behavior of Rural Residents in China - Empirical Analysis Based on AIDS Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JinFan

    2004-01-01

    By building up an AIDS model of Chinese rural residents, classified into fivegroups by income, concluding six commodities (services), analyses the diversity of consumption behavior out of income difference. We draw the following conclusions: Firstly, there exists some difference between different income groups in commodities (services) consumption.Secondly, increase of farmers' income will be favorable to the enhancement of consumption level and upgrading of consumption structure. Thirdly, the medium income group, as one special mass, features a transitional main body of consumption structure. Finally, the policymakers should support the farmers with lower income in compulsory education, such as more and necessary transfer payments.

  3. Review of Research on Consumer Behavior Based on Identity%基于认同的消费者行为研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈韵清; 朱虹; 夏少昂

    2014-01-01

    通过购买具有符号象征功能的商品,来表达自我认同或者获得社会认同,已经成为解释消费者购买动机的重要路径,也是消费者行为学研究的前沿主题。文章系统回顾了认同对消费行为影响的西方相关文献,首先介绍了认同与符号消费的含义、消费认同理论的研究路径,然后从认同凸显、认同关联、认同威胁和认同冲突四个方面探讨了认同对消费行为的影响,最后探讨了未来研究方向。%It becomes an important way to explain consumer purchase motives by buying goods with the symbolic function to express self-identity or gain social identity,which is also the latest research topic of consumer behavior. The paper system⁃atically reviews the relevant western literature on the impact of identity on consumer behavior. First,it introduces the defini⁃tions of identity and symbol consumption, and the research path of consumer identity theory. Second, it discusses the im⁃pact of identity on consumer behavior from four aspects: identity salience, identity association, identity threat and identity conflict. Finally,it puts forward future research directions.

  4. 我国火灾中人的行为研究动态%Developments of human behavior research in fires of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫文华; 孔祥昆; 郝爱玲; 邱培芳

    2012-01-01

    简要回顾我国火灾中人的行为研究历程,综合评述了人的行为研究中涉及到的研究内容如基础资料研究和模型研究,总结了主要研究方法如调查研究法、模拟研究法、实验研究法,指出了现有研究内容和研究方法存在的问题,针对我国今后的火灾中人的行为研究工作,建议加强对行为特征基础数据资料的搜集;在疏散模型的理论研究方面,注重个体特性和个体间的相互作用以及人员集群流动规律;尽量采取多种研究手段进行结合研究、比照研究.%The research history of human behavior in fires of China was reviewed briefly. Related research contents such as basic data and model were overviewed. Research methods such as investigation, simulation and experiments were summarized. The most popular problems of the existing research were pointed out. Suggestions on further study on this field in the future were carried out, including collecting basic data of behavior characteristics, focusing on the individual feature and interaction between individuals, and the laws of trunked in model and theoretical study, and comparing multiple research methods.

  5. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Paper 12: The diffusion of federally funded aerospace research and development (R/D) and the information seeking behavior of US aerospace engineers and scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Kennedy, John M.; Barclay, Rebecca O.

    1991-01-01

    In this paper, the diffusion of federally funded aerospace R&D is explored from the perspective of the information-seeking behavior of U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists. The following three assumptions frame this exploration: (1) knowledge production, transfer, and utilization are equally important components of the aerospace R&D process; (2) the diffusion of knowledge resulting from federally funded aerospace R&D is indispensable for the U.S. to remain a world leader in aerospace; and (3) U.S. government technical reports, produced by NASA and DOD, play an important, but as yet undefined, role in the diffusion of federally funded aerospace R&D. A conceptual model for federally funded aerospace knowledge diffusion, one that emphasizes U.S. goverment technical reports, is presented. Data regarding three research questions concerning the information-seeking behavior of U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists are also presented.

  6. Analytical study on creep behavior of a tube of coolant piping system in nuclear power plant. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During severe accident of a light water reactor (LWR), reactor coolant piping would be damaged when the piping is subjected to high internal pressure and very high temperature due to heat transfer from high-temperature gas and decay heat from wall-deposited fission product (FP), both from degraded core. In such a case, high-temperature fast creep deformation could be the main cause for the pipe failure. For the evaluation of piping integrity during severe accidents, a method to predict such high-temperature fast creep deformation should be developed, using a creep constitutive equation considering tertiary creep behavior which has not been considered well in the pipe failure analyses. In this study, a creep constitutive equation was developed first based on the Kachanov-Ravotnov isotropic damage rule that considers the tertiary creep behavior. JAERI creep tensile test data for both nuclear-grade cold-drawn SUS316N and hot-extruded SUS316 materials were used to determine coefficients of the developed constitutive equation. Using the developed constitutive equation, finite element analyses were performed for local creep deformation of coolant piping under two temperature conditions: uniform temperature and temperature gradient. The analytical results indicated the damage variable being integrated following the evolution of creep damage can indicate pipe wall internal damage condition quantitatively. The damage variable was confirmed further to be able to reproduce the observation in JAERI piping failure tests, that is, pipe failure from the wall outside. (author)

  7. [Research on structure and UV curing behaviors of novel cardanol-based unsaturated resins using FTIR spectrum analysis method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shou-Hai; Yang, Xue-Juan; Li, Mei; Huang, Kun; Xia, Jian-Ling

    2013-10-01

    Two dissimilar cardanol-based unsaturated resin monomers were prepared via simple ring-opening and etherification reaction by utilizing the reactivity between phenolic hydroxyl and epoxy group with the aid of cardanol as raw material. The transformations of different groups were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) during the synthesis process, the resin monomers' structure was further analyzed using the 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and the UV curing behaviors of resin monomers were studied by means of FTIR method. In addition, the thermal stability of UV cured resin monomers were also tested by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The molecular structure analysis demonstrated that these two target products were successfully synthesized. UV curing behaviors analysis showed that the prepared cardanol-based unsaturated resin monomers could reach ultimate curing level within 30 s. TGA results showed that the molecular structure and the content of double bond had critical influence on their thermal stability. The main initial thermal decomposition temperature of these two cured resin monomers was all above 350 degrees C. PMID:24409711

  8. Aerosol behavior modeling. Task 3: support services for research and evaluation of severe accident phenomena and mitigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this task was to assess the importance of a number of phenomena that can play a role in the behavior of aerosols in containment. These phenomena are either currently not being considered by the NRC aerosol containment codes (CONTAIN, MAEROS) or are, because of the constraints on such large systems codes, not treated in a fully mechanistic and synergistic fashion. Much of this assessment was pursued by development and modification of the QUICKM aerosol behavior code as a reference code for the much larger systems codes. Such code development is necessary because the complex nature of aerosol dynamics precludes a purely analytical assessment. Because QUICKM addresses but a small subset of the phenomena considered by the systems codes and because only a few characteristic containment scenarios need be addressed, long computer running times are acceptable. QUICKM therefore allows a more complete assessment of the phenomena in question than is possible or desirable with a full systems code. 19 refs., 14 figs

  9. US/French joint research program regarding the behavior of polymer base materials subjected to beta radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the final account of a multiyear joint NRC/CEA cooperative research program to investigate the relative effectiveness of beta and gamma irradiations to produce in polymer base electrical insulation and jacket materials. During the program jointly executed by research laboratories in the US (Sandia National Laboratories) and France (Compagnie ORIS Industrie), a number of material and radiation parameters were investigated. Results obtained were reasonably independent of the radiation parameters and most material parameters investigated and would suggest that material damage resulting from electron beam and gamma ray irradiations can be correlated, within limits, on the basis of absorbed radiation dose. 7 refs., 26 figs., 13 tabs

  10. Empirical Research on Factors that Influence the Behavior Decision of Repeated Seed Purchase for Farmers – Field investigation based on 519 vegetable farmers in Wuhan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang Guoguang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article makes an analysis on the factors and impact on decision of repeated seed purchase behavior for farmers by using the field investigation data from 519 vegetable farmers around Wuhan City and the binary Logit model and ordered Logit model. It is found from the research that: repeated seed purchase is a common phenomenon as 84% of sample farmers have this behavior: the factors, such as education degree, risk attitude, Perceived Value, seed quality, seed purchase convenience, relationship trust and obstacle transfer, will influence the behavior or willingness of farmers to repeatedly purchase the seeds. The farmers with higher education degree or risk preference are more willing to try out new varieties; Improving farmer’s Perceived Value for the purchased seeds and the trust in distributors, as well as the relatively high seed quality, will increase farmer’s willingness for repeated seed purchase; While the higher costs for information seeking, costs for technical study and other transfer obstacle factors have a significant prohibitive effect on the farmers to prevent them from purchasing new varieties of seeds, and they tend to make decision of repeated seed purchase.

  11. Radical behaviorism and interdisciplinary research: would a new synthesis be possible in psychology? / O behaviorismo radical e a interdisciplinaridade: possibilidade de uma nova síntese?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evenice Santos Chaves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Psychology as science is historically engaged in theoretical disputes resulting from divergent viewpoints concerning the nature of knowledge generated by different epistemological, theoretical and methodological approaches, and by the particular divisions in the subject matter made by the researchers themselves. At the present time, epistemology of the complexity calls attention to the incompleteness, characteristic of scientific knowledge, that in turn affects the conduct of researchers, creating conditions for new dialogues between differing perspectives within and between disciplines. This article proposes a renewal of the dialogue between radical behaviorism and formal critical constructivism that, by emphasizing complementary relationships and opposing polarized thinking which has permeated these disciplines, may result in a new synthesis or new general theory of meaning. A new synthesis between the two approaches would reformulate the understanding of meaning development and the role of the reinforcement in the construction and enhancement of meaning.

  12. THE EFFECT OF PERSONALITY TRAITS ON LEADERSHIP BEHAVIORS: A RESEARCH ON THE STUDENTS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agah Sinan Ünsar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In leadership definitions, it is generally approved that superior personality traits are one of the factors which form successful leadership. Furthermore, individuals follow leaders consistently and choose leaders as their role models. In this context; the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of personality traits on leadership behaviors. Thus; a questionnaire has been implemented on the students of Trakya University Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences (FEAS and Vocational School of Social Sciences, Departments of Business Administration (Edirne-Turkey. Subsequently the findings have been commented by means of analyses and tables. Gender, grow-up places, educational level of students’ parents and types of high schools which students graduated from were found to affect the adopted leadership styles. Besides that, there are differences between the FEAS and the Vocational School students on extravert, responsible, open to experience personality traits and laissez-faire leadership style.

  13. Present status of Kr fixation research with zeolites and evaluation method of Kr sealing and leach behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the management of 85Kr from fuel reprocessing, the combination of the liquefaction-evaporation process for its recovery and the high-pressure cylinder method for its containment is presently practical. The disposal of 85Kr by means of the cylinder alone presents a problem in the case of sea dumping due to the possible leakage. In this connection, there is the need to suppress krypton diffusion by sealing it in zeolite to improve the safety of the means. As for the 85Kr sealing in zeolite, the utilization of sodalite by Benedict et al. of Exxon and of molecular sieve 5A by Penzhorn et al. of Karlsruhe are comparatively reviewed. On the evaluation method of the Kr sealing in zeolite and leach behavior, the aspects of equilibrium adsorption quantity and the diffusion mechanism in crystals are first discussed. The results are then compared with the experimental results using molecular sieve 3A. (J.P.N.)

  14. Mechanical behavior and fracture characteristics of off-axis fiber composites. 1: Experimental investigation. [at the Lewis Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, J. H.; Chamis, C. C.

    1977-01-01

    The mechanical behavior, fracture surfaces, and fracture modes of unidirectional high-modulus graphite-fiber/epoxy composites subjected to off-axis tensile loads were investigated experimentally. The investigation included the generation of stress-strain-to-fracture data and scanning electron microscope studies of the fractured surfaces. The results led to the identification of fracture modes and distinct fracture surface characteristics for off-axis tensile loading. The results also led to the formulation of critical for identifying and characterizing these fracture modes and their associated fracture surfaces. The results presented and discussed herein were used in the theoretical investigation and comparisons described in Part 2. These results should also provide a good foundation for identifying, characterizing, and quantifying fracture modes in both off-axis and angle-plied laminates.

  15. The Research of Private Consumption Behavior of China%我国居民消费行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    国家统计局综合司课题组

    2003-01-01

    Form the viewpoint of the conjunction of theory and experimental research, the paper analyses the preference of consumers of different income level, together with the consuming activites of constraint hypothesis, and thereby establishes the consumption model suitable for the private consumption situation of China. The paper further provides the relevant suggestions on stimulating consumption growth.

  16. Research Review: The Importance of Callous-Unemotional Traits for Developmental Models of Aggressive and Antisocial Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Paul J.; White, Stuart F.

    2008-01-01

    The current paper reviews research suggesting that the presence of a callous and unemotional interpersonal style designates an important subgroup of antisocial and aggressive youth. Specifically, callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of guilt, absence of empathy, callous use of others) seem to be relatively stable across childhood and…

  17. Science Supports Education: The Behavioral Research Base for Psychology's Top 20 Principles for Enhancing Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucariello, Joan M.; Nastasi, Bonnie K.; Anderman, Eric M.; Dwyer, Carol; Ormiston, Heather; Skiba, Russell

    2016-01-01

    Psychological science has much to contribute to preK-12 education because substantial psychological research exists on the processes of learning, teaching, motivation, classroom management, social interaction, communication, and assessment. This article details the psychological science that led to the identification, by the American Psychological…

  18. Risky Assessments: Participant Suicidality and Distress Associated with Research Assessments in a Treatment Study of Suicidal Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sarah K.; Lindenboim, Noam; Comtois, Katherine Anne; Murray, Angela; Linehan, Marsha M.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of self-reported suicidality and distress during research assessments in a sample of 63 women meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder and current and chronic suicidality. The risk management protocol we used during the two-year study period (University of Washington Risk Assessment…

  19. 国外环境行为影响因素研究述评%A Review of Foreign Environmental Behavior Influencing Factors Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭远春

    2013-01-01

    This paper hackles the study on factors of foreign environmental behavior research,which based on psychological factors and the combination of internal and external factors.Then we found that most studies believe that environmental behavior is a choice of selfdiscipline and self-control to fit their own reality,which can improve the environmental condition and enhance the environmental quality.In order to reveal the implementation of environmental behavior of the internal process and psychological mechanism,most studies treat environmental attitude or environmental concern as a key variable.And most research use questionnaire to collect data of a certain,utilizing structural equation model and other advanced statistical methods to explore self-reported environmental behavior.These studies ignored external structural factors,such as socio-economic development,cultural change,class differentiation,regional differences,information segmentation,which may shape the environmental psychology and dynamic impact on environmental behavior.In order to break through the limitations of existing research,we should accurately understand the connotation of environmental behavior,use the questionnaire survey,experimental method,field observation and depth interviews to collect longitudinal data,and combine the psychological factors with structural factors to explore different types of environmental behavior.%基于心理性因素与内外因素相结合的视角对国外环境行为影响因素研究加以梳理,发现大多数研究认为环境行为是在自我约束和自我控制下做出的契合自身实际的选择,其对改善环境状况与提升环境质量有着积极正向作用,并将环境态度/环境关心视为关键变量,以揭示实施环境行为复杂的内在过程与心理机制;大多数研究采取问卷调查的方式收集某一时点的数据,借助结构方程模型等高级统计方法着重探究自我报告的一般意义或某类具体环境行

  20. 非婚同居行为法律规制研究%Research on legal regulation of unmarried cohabitation behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧萍; 张姝

    2014-01-01

    Along with the development of society and the mutual infiltration of internal and external cultures, unmarried cohabitation emerges quietly as a new kind of sexual combination. Although unmarried cohabitation behavior has irrationality based on moral estimating standard, this behavior has legitimacy and realistic existence from legal perspective. Through theoretical research and definition of legal nature of unmarried cohabitation behavior, the legislative situation and legal regulation abroad are referenced, the legal status quo and social reality in China are combined with, and the related legislative security and policy regulation are clarified, in order to provide references for perfecting the legal system in China, regulating unmarried cohabitation behavior by legal means, and preventing further damages.%随着社会的发展和国内外文化的相互渗透,非婚同居作为一种新的两性结合方式悄然兴起。虽然基于道德评判标准非婚同居行为具有不合理性,但从法律视角来看该行为具有合法性与存在的现实性。通过对非婚同居行为的理论研究和法律性质界定,参考国外的立法情况与法律规制,结合我国法律现状和社会实际,明确我国相关立法保障与政策规定,以期为完善我国法律体系、以法律手段规制非婚同居行为、防止损害进一步扩大提供借鉴。

  1. 顾客抱怨行为影响因素研究述评%Research Review on Influence Factor of Customer Complaint Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊文彦

    2013-01-01

    顾客抱怨是消费者行为研究中一项重要的研究主题,了解抱怨原因、行为方式等有助于企业进行服务补救,降低流失率,提高企业竞争力。本文回顾国内外学者关于顾客抱怨的研究成果,对相关文献进行了总结与述评,主要包括顾客抱怨的内涵、顾客抱怨的分类,以及顾客抱怨的影响因素。%Customer complaint is an important topic in consumer behavior research. To understand the rea-sons for complaining and behavior contribute to remedial services, reduce turnovers and improve the competitive-ness of enterprises. This paper reviews research papers home and abroad on customer complaints, including the connotation, classification and effects.

  2. Reviews of Counterfeit Luxury Purchase Behavior Research%仿冒奢侈品购买行为的研究综述与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旖旎

    2012-01-01

    介绍了世界范围内仿冒奢侈品消费的现状、仿冒行为可能造成的危害以及正牌奢侈品制造商在应对仿冒行为时所遇到的难题,明确了从需求端研究仿冒奢侈品消费的重要性.在前人已有研究成果的基础上,从计划行为、认知失调等理论的视角分析了仿冒奢侈品购买行为,进而总结了消费者个人特征、产品特征、社会文化背景、情境与情绪四个方面影响仿冒奢侈品购买行为的因素.最后分析了相关领域现有研究的不足,并提出了一些值得注意的未来研究方向.%The worldwide situation of counterfeit luxury goods consumption, the threats that might be caused by counterfeiting and the troubles the genuine luxury manufacturers had when coping with counterfeiting are introduced.The importance of studying the issues of counterfeit luxury goods consumption from the demand end is emphasized.Based on previous researches, the behavior of counterfeit luxury consumption is analyzed in a view of theories such as planned behavior and cognitive dissonance.The influencing factors on counterfeit luxury purchase behavior are summarized in four aspects: consumer characteristics, product characteristics, social context and situational and emotional factors.At last,the limitations of previous studies are pointed out,with some advice for future researches.

  3. 人工生命行为选择情绪机制研究进展%Research Progress on Emotional Behavior Selection Mechanism of Artificial Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国锋; 李祖枢

    2012-01-01

    基于智能的行为选择机制(BSM)存在两个缺陷:不确定性环境下,不能实现自主行为选择,在相同环境条件下,缺乏行为反应的多样性.受情绪机制应用于情感计算与强化学习研究的启发,将其应用于行为选择机制研究,以解决上述问题,从而,提出三类情绪行为选择机制:情绪影响机制、情绪驱动机制、情绪涌现机制.但这些机制存在:未能将其所需涉及的基本因素进行涵盖,有系统性缺陷;各种选择机制体系结构和情绪计算模型彼此各异,没有继承性;基于设计思想,缺乏相关学科关于情绪行为理论的支撑.另外,研究方法上,也存在各行为机制之间、智能机制和情绪机制之间缺乏系统性分析和比较的问题.提出,要揭示情绪行为选择机制,应从认真挖掘动物行为学、心理学、经济学等领域有关情绪研究结果之间的内在一致性入手.同时,比较方法的使用,将是加速这一过程的有效手段.%There are two defects on intelligence-based Behavior selection mechanism (BSM): under uncertainty conditions, behavior selection can't be achieved autonomously; under same conditions, behavioral response is absence of diversity. Being inspirited by research achievements in emotion mechanism application for emotion calculation and reinforcement learning, emotion mechanism is applied to research on BSM to settle the above problems. Therefore, the three kinds of emotional BSM( EBSM) are suggested :emotion-affected mechanism, emotion-driven mechanism,emotion-emerged mechanism. However, these mechanisms have three problems: a systematic drawback exists that the necessary elements, which BSM should have had, have not involved in; The EBSM architectures and their emotion models are different from each other, there is no inheritane; They are design-based, there are not the corresponding academic supports for them on emotion behavior mechanism. In addition, there exists a problem on the

  4. Possibilities and challenges for physical and social environment research in Brazil: a systematic literature review on health behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Belon

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This systematic review analyzed articles focused on the relationship between environment (physical, built, perceived, and social and smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, diet, and obesity in Brazil. Studies published between 19952011 were retrieved from seven databases and hand searches. Based on the 42 articles reviewed, gaps were identified and recommendations were made for future research. Despite a growing number of studies, the Brazilian literature is still limited. The increase of articles in 2010-2011 coincided with the diversification of lifestyles studied, although physical activity domain remains predominant. Most studies analyzed neighborhood settings and used subjective measures for lifestyle and for environment. The presence of recreational facilities was the main physical environment aspect studied, while safety from crime was the prominent social environment factor. More research is needed to yield a rich body of evidence that leads to theoretical and methodological advances, and that supports interventions aimed at creating healthy environments.

  5. Chess as a Behavioral Model for Cognitive Skill Research: Review of Blindfold Chess by Eliot Hearst and John Knott

    OpenAIRE

    Mechner, Francis

    2010-01-01

    This multifaceted work on chess played without sight of the pieces is a sophisticated psychologist's examination of this topic and of chess skill in general, including a detailed and comprehensive historical account. This review builds on Hearst and Knott's assertion that chess can provide a uniquely useful model for research on several issues in the area of cognitive skill and imagery. A key issue is the relationship between viewing a stimulus and mental imagery in the light of blindfold che...

  6. Wastes behavior and environmental impacts, researches and methods; Comportement des dechets et impacts environnementaux, recherches et methodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Labeyrie, J.; Chateau, L. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, (ADEME), 49 - Angers (France); Gin, St. [CEA/VALRHO - site de Marcoule, Dept. de Recherche en Retraitement et en Vitrification DRRV, 30 - Marcoule (France)] [and others

    2001-07-01

    The wastes management policy takes into account more and more often the environmental impacts mastership. This evolution is particularly appreciable when the wastes directly interact with the environment: storage, utilization for roads construction and so on. In this context the ADEME organized the 8 june 2000 a colloquium to present the new evaluation methods and tools, to describe the regulations and to identify the research programs needed for this environmental policy. Eleven papers are presented. (A.L.B.)

  7. Jump-starting urban rat research: Conspecific pheromones recruit wild rats into a behavioral and pathogen-monitoring assay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael H Parsons

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Wild rats, Rattus spp, have adapted so well to urbanization that humans may be obligatory to their survival. Consequently, rats foul human food sources, predate threatened fauna and serve as reservoirs for disease, costing the US economy $19 billion in losses year -1. Urban rat ecology however, remains vastly unexplored because these animals are cryptic, crepuscular, difficult to identify, and hazardous to handle. Additionally, the high-rise buildings that block satellite link-ups, underground sewers and subway tunnels, and rebar enforced concrete covered landscape make it difficult—if not impossible— to track urban animals using traditional radio telemetry. Consequently, there are few ecological studies with free-ranging urban rats. Therefore, we set out to monitor the behaviors and health of free-ranging rats in metropolitan New York. Recognizing that wild rats are attracted to live laboratory-reared conspecifics and that they are sensitive to pheromones, we used soiled rat bedding to repeatedly attract animals to a Remote Frequency Identification (RFID- based antenna with camera-trap and load cell (scale for collecting weights. We captured and micro-chipped 13 rats within 50, 30 and 10 m from our antenna and followed their movements. Seven of the 8 animals released within 10 m of the antenna, visited the RFID antenna lure 398 times over 41 standardized days. Males (2.7 visits day-1 visited the antenna at the same frequency as females (2.7 visits day-1; P>0.5, and both sexes spent similar time dwelling at the pheromones (M, 2.9±0.9 sec; F, 2.4.±0.4 sec; P>0.05. The passive integrated transponder (PIT-tag worked free on the lone individual that did not participate. Within our population, female activity peaked between 6am and 7pm, while males visited throughout the day. Our results demonstrate the potential to safely overcome the primary barriers that have impeded urban rat ecological studies. We used pheromone-based lures to attract

  8. Research on Growth Behavior of Embryos for Bovine and Murine on Primary Murine Embryos Fibroblast Cell Feeder Layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AN Li-long; XIAO Mei; FENG Xiu-Liang; DOU Zhong-ying; QIU Huai; YANG Qi; LEI An-min; YANG Chun-rong; GAO Zhi-min

    2002-01-01

    The difference in growth behavior between bovine embryos and murine embryos was studied on PMEF(primary murine embryos fibroblast)feeder layer. The results showed as follows: With embryos having attached, bovine embryonic trophoblast formed a transparent membranous structure covering on inner cell mass (ICM), however, murine embryonic trophoblast formed disc structure. Bovine embryos formed four kinds of ICM colonies with different morphology including the mass-like, the net-like, the stream-like and the mixture-like colonies. Compared with Murine ICM, the bovine ICM grew more fast. So, the bovine ICM was passaged at first after a culture of approximately 5 - 6 days in vitro, but murine ICM was passaged at first after an attachment of 3 - 4 days on PMEF feeder layer. The mixture colonies of bovine ICM differentiated very early, while the others differentiated very late. Most ICM-like mass of Bovine grew in a defined spot, but bovine ICMs like stream and ICMs like net proliferated fast and dispersed quickly. We found that the single blastomeres derived from late bovine morula and late murine morula formed sub-blastophere; moreover, the bovine ICM cell would differentiate rapidly if the trophoblast was removed.

  9. Book Review: Ingrid G. Farreras, Caroline Hannaway and Victoria A. Harden (eds). Mind, Brain, Body, and Behavior. Foundations of Neuroscience and Behavioral Research at the National Institutes of Health. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004. Pp. xxvi + 366. $92.00. ISBN 1-58603-471-5

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Book Review: Ingrid G. Farreras, Caroline Hannaway and Victoria A. Harden (eds). Mind, Brain, Body, and Behavior. Foundations of Neuroscience and Behavioral Research at the National Institutes of Health. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004. Pp. xxvi + 366. $92.00. ISBN 1-58603-471-5 Harvard University - (Guenther, Katja)

  10. 北方硕螽行为模式的研究%Research on behavior patterns in Deracantha onos Pallas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 赵敏; 安建梅; 芦荣胜

    2013-01-01

    本文采取饲养观察与相机捕捉相结合的方法对北方硕螽Deracantha onos Pallas的行为模式,如若虫行为、常见行为、鸣声行为和交配行为模式进行了观察描记.并应用分析软件对数据进行了处理.结果表明:若虫不鸣叫,午间取食;其蜕皮与温度和食性有关.成虫在各种环境条件下均出现清理触角、触角摆动、行进及取食等行为;但在营养不良空间狭小情况下,还会出现同类相食.对性成熟雄性个体的鸣声分别在独雄、双雄和一雌一雄3种情况下,以24 h为周期进行观察.独雄鸣叫时间最长,一昼夜鸣叫时间为(492.84±82.52) min,双雄时鸣叫时间最短,为(239.85±40.55) min,夜间鸣叫时间相对减少.食性和温度也对鸣叫时间有影响.鸣声是螽斯种内重要的通讯方式,在交配也会起到作用.交配时雌虫爬到雄虫的背部,雄虫尾部翘,雌虫尾部下弯,两性生殖孔相接,至雌虫生殖孔外挂精包为止.%The basic behavior patterns of laboratory raised Deracantha onos Pallas were recorded using digital media and analyzed with computer software.The results show that nymphs cannot call and that daily activity peaks at noon.Nymphal molt is related to temperature and diet.In various environmental conditions,adults perform moving,feeding and other behaviors but cannibalism can occur at high density and when there is insufficient food.Calling of different combinations of adults,single males,two males and male and female pairs,was recorded for 24 hours.Single males called the longest ;(492.84 + 82.52)min in circadian time.Two males called for the shortest time,(239.85 + 40.55)min,and the times of calling song had gone short at night.Feeding and temperature also affected calling time.Sound plays an important role in species to communication and mating patterns.When mating,females crawl onto the male's back,the male's tail is recurved upwards and the female' s tail bends down so that their

  11. Using Action Research and Peer Perspectives to Develop Technology That Facilitates Behavioral Change and Self-Management in COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine McCabe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Behavioural change and self-management in patients with chronic illness may help to control symptoms, avoid rehospitalization, enhance quality of life, and decrease mortality and morbidity. Objective. Guided by action research principles and using mixed methods, the aim of this project was to develop peer based educational, motivational, and health-promoting peer based videos, using behavioural change principles, to support self-management in patients with COPD. Methods. Individuals (n=32 living with COPD at home and involved in two community based COPD support groups were invited to participate in this project. Focus group/individual interviews and a demographic questionnaire were used to collect data. Results. Analysis revealed 6 categories relevant to behavioural change which included self-management, support, symptoms, knowledge, rehabilitation, and technology. Participants commented that content needed to be specific, and videos needed to be shorter, to be tailored to severity of condition, to demonstrate “normal” activities, to be positive, and to ensure that content is culturally relevant. Conclusions. This study demonstrated that detailed analysis of patient perspectives and needs for self-management is essential and should underpin the development of any framework, materials, and technology. The action research design principles provided an effective framework for eliciting the data and applying it to technology and testing its relevance to the user.

  12. 中学生暴力行为调查研究%Research on Violent Behavior in Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱婷婷; 刘丽; 赵冰洁

    2012-01-01

    Using self-designed investigation questionnaires about life experience of middle school students to investigate campus violence, especially physical violence and psychological violence among students, this article aimed at investigating the general condition and characters of middle school students' violent behavior. This article concluded that there was obvious difference among their psychological violence performance on whether they were class managers or not ; among their general violence performance on whether class managers or not and their fathers' professions; among violence performance of victims on gender, whether class managers or not and their mothers' degree of education; among violence performance of witnesses on gender, whether class managers or not, fathers' professions and degree of education as well as mothers' degree of education.%采用自编的中学生生活经历调查研究问卷,对校园暴力特别是生生之间的躯体暴力和心理暴力进行调查研究,以调查中学生暴力行为一般状况和特点。研究发现,心理暴力得分在是否班干部上有显著差异;总暴力得分在是否班干部和在父亲职业上有显著差异。暴力实施者的得分在是否班干部上有显著差异;暴力受害者的得分在性别、是否班干部、母亲文化程度上有显著差异;暴力目击者的得分在性别、是否班干部、父亲职业、父亲文化程度、母亲职业上有显著性差异。

  13. 基于计划行为理论的大学生网络行为调查%Research on College Students' Internet Behavior Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚俊杰; 李宏利; 董安美

    2014-01-01

    大学生是互联网的重要用户,网络使用能力是大学生发展的一个基本素质。计划行为理论认为,影响行为的可能性因素,如个人认知、态度反应以及社会规范等,需要经由行为意向才会影响行为表现。行为意向是个体执行特定行为的倾向性,是行为的前因变量。针对北京高校1110名大学生的调查显示,网络自我效能感、网络使用主观规范可以通过网络使用意向影响网络功能使用,而网络使用态度则不能;且男生可能比女生有更高的网络使用意向,有异性朋友个体比没有异性朋友个体具有更低的网络使用意向。这表明增加大学生的网络使用意向,可以通过增加他们的网络效能感与网络功用性来实现。同时,教育者在引导大学生网络使用意向改变过程中,应该看到网络自我效能感的重要作用以及性别、人际关系的影响。%College students make up an important part of Internet users, and the ability of using internet is becoming a basic required quality for college students' development. The theory of planned behavior suggests the effect of individual cognition, attitude and social norms on behavior was mediated by behavior intention. Behavior intention as the antecedent variable of behavior refers to an indication of an individual's readiness to perform a given behavior. The present research sampled 1110 students in two colleges of Beijing area by a questionnaire survey. Path analysis showed that: (1) both Internet self-efficacy and Internet use subjective norms affect the function used of Internet through the Internet use intention;(2) Internet use attitude cannot affect network function through the network use intention;(3) male students has higher level of Internet use intention than female students;(4) students with a friend of opposite sex has lower level of Internet use intention than students without. These results indicated that we can

  14. Environmental and Behavioral Risk Factors that Influencing Malaria Morbidity Cases in South Sumatra Province (Advanced Analysis of Basic Health Research 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Saikhu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is a major public health problem in Indonesia, causing mortality not only for infant and pregnant women but also decreasing productivity among workers. To provide important and up to date of health related information, National Institute of Health Research and Development – MOH Republic of Indonesia had held National Baseline Health Re-search (Riskesdas on 2007. The extended analysis of NHBR particularly on malaria has been conducted to evaluate dis-tribution of malaria cases and its influencing risk factors especially the behavioral and environmental factor. This study found that there were associations between malaria cases with age (p<0.000, occupation (p<0.005, time consumed to seek health services (Posyandu, health services utilization (p<0.05, type of water sludge irrigation (p<0.001 and usage of insecticide-treated net (p < 0.000. This study recommended the improvement environment condition and health education to improve knowledge, attitude, and practice; provide more and better insecticide-treated mosquito bed net can be applied to solve the problems that were issued from the findings of the study. Extended malaria research should be conducted to provide better understanding of malaria control.

  15. 组织中上下级值得信任的行为研究%Research on Trustworthy Behavior in Chinese Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严进; 付琛; 郑玫

    2011-01-01

    组织中的信任关系已经成为研究的热点问题.在文献基础上,本研究采用半结构化访谈的研究方法,对42名管理人员进行访谈.通过编码和统计分析,结果发现,上下级值得信任的行为可以分为能力任务、支持相容、道德诚信、尽责敬业四个方面,但是行为内容和强调重点均有所区别.能力因素是组织中的信任强调的首要方面;对上级的信任更强调支持关怀和诚信道德,对下属的信任更强调尽责投入和坦诚忠实.%In recent years, trust research has attracted enormous interest in the social science. It has been stated that the interpersonal trust between supervisors and subordinates is a personal specific construct affected by the organization context. In this study, an analysis frame is developed to explore the unique trustworthy behaviors of managers in Chinese organizations. 42 top and middle managers participated in the semi-structured interview. The results show that trustworthy behaviors of managers can be interpreted by four dimensions: competency for task, interpersonal skills, integrity and loyalty, and dedication to work. However, the importance and content of these dimensions are different from supervisors' and subordinates' perspective. Competency for task is crucial for both supervisors and subordinates. The difference is that the supervisors consider more about dedication to work when assessing subordinates' behaviors while subordinates emphasize on supervisors' interpersonal skills.

  16. Perceived Organizational Support, Psychological Empowerment, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Job Performance and Job Embeddedness: A Research on the Fast Food Industry in Istanbul, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulsah Karavardar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to provide empirical evidence on the relationships among psychologicalempowerment, perceived organizational support, organizational citizenship behavior, job embeddedness and jobperformance. Fast food restaurants have existed in Turkey for more than 20 years over which time they haveregistered an average of 10 percent growth per year, and have attracted foreign fast food chains to invest inTurkey. Istanbul has the most fast food restaurants throughout Turkey with 45 percent. Thus, the fast foodrestaurants which are located in Istanbul is focused in this study. Questionnaires were distributed toapproximately 700 employees and data were collected from June to July 2013. The response rate was 61.2%.Structural equation modelling was used to test the relationships between variables. The results that obtainedthrough the tests support the hypothesized model. This research represented a strong relationship betweenpsychological empowerment, perceived organizational support, organizational citizenship behavior, jobembeddedness (as a moderator and job performance of the employees in fast food industry in Istanbul, Turkey.This result is noteworthy for employers and managers to retain their talented employees. In addition to that,since there is not any study that conducted in fast food industry in this study’s context in the literature, this studymakes a valuable contribution to the literature.

  17. Release behavior of smoke and clogging characteristics of the ventilation filter under the fire accident. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takada, Junichi; Watanabe, Koji; Tsukamoto, Michio; Tashiro, Shinsuke [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Hayashi, Shiro [Nippon Muki Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Takita, Koji [Sanzo Environment Engineering Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Abe, Hitoshi [Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry, Tokyo (Japan); Uchiyama, Gunzo [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2003-01-01

    In a part of building ventilating installation of reprocessing plant, the pre-filter is equipped in front of a HEPA filter. The pre-filter plays a role in protection and repression of clogging of HEPA filter. However, in a fire accident, it is considered that large smoke generation cause the pre-filter clogging due to smoke loading, increase of differential pressure and breakdown. In Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the demonstration tests to confirm the performance of ventilation filters by a fire accident were carried out. In the tests, smoke was generated from burning of the mock solid wastes (gloves made of rubber and/or cloth) or the mock recovered solvent (n-dodecane or tributyl phosphate / n-dodecane). The test data was acquired on generation of smoke, decrease evolution of smoke by transportation through the compositions of ventilation system (cell, duct, damper, filters) and clogging characteristics of the ventilation filters due to smoke loading. From the results, it was found that the performance of the whole of ventilation system was kept even if the pre-filter was breakdown. To adopt the analysis of the increase of differential pressure across the pre-filter using the safety analysis code, CELVA-1D, increase of differential pressure across the pre-filter was expressed by quadratic empirical equation with function of smoke loading per unit filtration area and it coefficients, ({alpha}, {beta}), were estimated. (author)

  18. Promoting fruit and vegetable consumption in different lifestyle groups: Recommendations for program development based on behavioral research and consumer media data

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeJoy, David M.; Lance, Charles E.

    2014-01-01

    Fruit and vegetable consumption impacts the etiology of cardiovascular disease as well as many different types of cancers. Still, Americans' consumption of fruit and vegetables is low. This article builds on initial research that assessed the validity of using a consumer-based psychographic audience segmentation in tandem with the theory of planned behavior to explain differences among individuals' consumption of fruit and vegetables. In this article, we integrate the findings from our initial analyses with media and purchase data from each audience segment. We then propose distinct, tailored program suggestions for reinventing social marketing programs focused on increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in each segment. Finally, we discuss the implications of utilizing a consumer-based psychographic audience segmentation versus more traditional readiness-to-change social marketing segmentation. Differences between these two segmentation strategies, such as the ability to access media usage and purchase data, are highlighted and discussed. PMID:18935880

  19. Promoting fruit and vegetable consumption in different lifestyle groups: recommendations for program development based on behavioral research and consumer media data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della, Lindsay J; DeJoy, David M; Lance, Charles E

    2008-01-01

    Fruit and vegetable consumption affects the etiology of cardiovascular disease as well as many different types of cancers. Still, Americans' consumption of fruit and vegetables is low. This article builds on initial research that assessed the validity of using a consumer-based psychographic audience segmentation in tandem with the theory of planned behavior to explain differences among individuals' consumption of fruit and vegetables. In this article, we integrate the findings from our initial analyses with media and purchase data from each audience segment. We then propose distinct, tailored program suggestions for reinventing social marketing programs focused on increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in each segment. Finally, we discuss the implications of utilizing a consumer-based psychographic audience segmentation versus a more traditional readiness-to-change social marketing segmentation. Differences between these two segmentation strategies, such as the ability to access media usage and purchase data, are highlighted and discussed. PMID:18935880

  20. Invitation to Consumer Behavior Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foxall, Gordon R.

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an introduction to consumer behavior analysis by describing the Behavioral Perspective Model of consumer choice and showing how research has, first, confirmed this framework and, second, opened up behavior analysis and behavioral economics to the study of consumer behavior in natural settings. It concludes with a discussion…

  1. Comparative effectiveness research as choice architecture: the behavioral law and economics solution to the health care cost crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korobkin, Russell

    2014-02-01

    With the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("ACA") set to dramatically increase access to medical care, the problem of rising costs will move center stage in health law and policy discussions. "Consumer directed health care" proposals, which provide patients with financial incentives to equate marginal costs and benefits of care at the point of treatment, demand more decisionmaking ability from consumers than is plausible due to bounded rationality. Proposals that seek to change the incentives of health care providers threaten to create conflicts of interest between doctors and patients. New approaches are desperately needed. This Article proposes a government-facilitated but market-based approach to improving efficiency in the private market for medical care that I call "relative value health insurance." This approach focuses on the "choice architecture" necessary to enable even boundedly rational patients to contract for an efficient level of health care services through their health insurance purchase decisions. It uses comparative effectiveness research, which the ACA funds at a significant level for the first time, to rate medical treatments on a scale of one to ten based on their relative value, taking into account expected costs and benefits. These relative value ratings would enable consumers to contract with insurers for different levels of medical care at different prices, reflecting different cost-quality trade-offs. The Article describes both the benefits of relative value health insurance and the impediments to its implementation. It concludes with a brief discussion of how relative value ratings could also help to rationalize expenditures on public health insurance programs. PMID:24446572

  2. The Simulation Research of Multi-agent Corporate Environmental Behavior%多主体参与的企业环境行为仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵龙; 杜建国; 陈莉

    2015-01-01

    传统的研究方法多集中于单一影响因素对企业环境行为的影响,而忽略了影响因素的复杂性。为研究在多重压力影响下的企业环境行为,建立多主体参与的企业环境行为计算实验模型,模型中考虑了政府、企业、公众等主体并建立了企业主体的学习机制。通过分析模型中不同决策参数对仿真结果的影响,得出企业的环保意识与其收益之间的关系;并发现在一定的情况下政府的环境规制对企业环境行为的影响并不明确,反而会造成企业收益的损失。%Traditional research methods are more concentrated in single factor affecting corporate environmental behavior, while ignores the complexity of factors.To study the corporate environmental behavior under multiple pressures,this paper builds the computational experimental model of the multi -agent corporate environmental behavior.The model has taken government,corporate,public and other subjects into consideration,and this paper establishes the learning system of the enterprise subjects.By analyzing the impact of simulation results from different decision parameters in the model,this study draws the relationship between the corporate environmental awareness and its income.And the paper has found that,under certain circumstances,the impact of government regulations on corporate environmental behavior is not clear,but may re-sult in the loss of revenue.

  3. Promoting Healthy Dietary Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Cheryl L.; Story, Mary; Lytle, Leslie A.

    This chapter reviews the research on promoting healthy dietary behaviors in all youth, not just those who exhibit problems such as obesity or eating disorders. The first section of this chapter presents a rationale for addressing healthy dietary behavior with children and adolescents, on the basis of the impact of these behaviors on short- and…

  4. Behavioral Economics and Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia A.; Sunstein, Cass R.

    2015-01-01

    Behavioral economics explores why people sometimes fail to make rational decisions, and how their behavior departs from the predictions of standard economic models. Insights gained from studies in behavioral economics are used in consumer research and consumer policy to understand and improve...

  5. Predicting Sustainable Work Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, Kim Sundtoft

    2013-01-01

    Sustainable work behavior is an important issue for operations managers – it has implications for most outcomes of OM. This research explores the antecedents of sustainable work behavior. It revisits and extends the sociotechnical model developed by Brown et al. (2000) on predicting safe behavior....... Employee characteristics and general attitudes towards safety and work condition are included in the extended model. A survey was handed out to 654 employees in Chinese factories. This research contributes by demonstrating how employee- characteristics and general attitudes towards safety and work...... condition influence their sustainable work behavior. A new definition of sustainable work behavior is proposed....

  6. Advanced separation and transmutation, long dated behavior of vitrified wastes: 15 years of scientific researches; Separation poussee et transmutation, comportement a long terme des dechets vitrifies: 15 ans d'avancees scientifiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-02-15

    This report presents the results after 15 years of researches at the Cea, concerning the separation and transmutation of radioactive wastes and the conditioning and the long time storage of wastes at the surface. These researches were asked in the framework of the Bataille law. The first part devoted to the transmutation and separation of ling life radioactive elements presents the challenges, the advanced separation, the transmutation and the evaluation of the researches. The second part devoted to the long dated storage discusses the high activity wastes vitrification, the behavior of the vitrified wastes packages after thousand years, the international researches and the evaluation of the researches. (A.L.B.)

  7. Researching research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2012-01-01

    We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object of...... research by deploying Foucault’s notion of bio-politics - mainly to address the object “learning” - and Žižek’s ideology critique - to address the object “mathematics”. These theories, which have already been used in the field to research teaching and learning, have a great potential to contribute to a...... reflexivity of research on its discourses and effects. Furthermore, they enable us to present a clear distinction between what has been called the sociopolitical turn in mathematics education research and what we call a positioning of mathematics education (research) practices in the Political....

  8. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Numerical simulation of fundamental process of vapor explosion using particle method. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-5. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A vapor explosion may happen when the hot liquid of the molten core contacts with the cold fluid of the coolant in severe accidents. Water jet impingement on a molten tin drop, which appears at collapse of a vapor film surrounding the hot drop, is analyzed in three dimensions using a particle method to investigate the fundamental processes is vapor explosions. As the result, the melt is extruded from the drop like filaments, which is the same behavior observed in the X-ray photographs obtained by Ciccarelli and Frost. Rapid boiling caused by spontaneous nucleation is necessary for strong fragmentation as shown in the X-ray photographs. In the case of the molten core, the interface temperature falls below the solidification temperature after direct contact with the water jets. Therefore, the rapid fragmentation is unlikely and a strong vapor explosion is unlikely as well. A one-dimensional code for propagation of pressure waves is developed. A spontaneous nucleation model is employed for thermal fragmentation. A one-dimensional test calculation of propagation of a pressure wave is carried out. The present result agrees with the past calculations in references. (author)

  9. Research on the fundamental process of thermal-hydraulic behaviors in severe accident. Heat transfer on the liquid-liquid interface between molten core pool and coolant. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-027-6. Contract research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heat transfer experiments under steady and transient conditions were performed using molten Wood's metal and distilled water to study heat transfer on the liquid-liquid interface between molten fuel pool and coolant under severe accident conditions. In the steady state experiment, boiling curve was measured over the range from natural convection region to film boiling region. The boiling behavior was observed using a high-speed video camera. In the transient experiment, distilled water was poured onto the hot molten metal surface, and the boiling curve was obtained in the cooling process. Comparing the measured boiling curve with existing correlations and experimental data for solid-liquid and liquid-liquid systems, the following conclusions were drawn: (a) When the interface surge is negligible and oxide layer is formed on the interface, the boiling curve at the liquid-liquid surface could be approximately reproduced by the heat transfer correlations for nucleate boiling and film boiling regions and the critical heat flux correlation for a liquid-solid system. (b) When no oxide layer is formed on the interface, the boiling curve at the liquid-liquid surface moved towards higher wall superheat than that at the liquid-solid surface, as Novakovic et al. observed in their experiment using mercury. (c) Transient heat transfer coefficient for film boiling at the liquid-liquid surface was about 100% higher than that predicted by the heat transfer correlation for a solid-liquid system. (author)

  10. Effects of Flow on the Migratory Behavior and Survival of Juvenile Fall and Summer Chinook Salmon in John Day Reservoir, 1981 Annual Report of Research.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sims, Carl W.; Miller, David R.

    1982-06-01

    Research was conducted by NMFS in 1981 to define the effects of instream flows on the passage time, survival, and migrational behavior of 0-age chinook salmon in John Day Reservoir. Fourteen groups (74,683 fish) of marked 0-age chinook salmon were wire-tagged, branded, and released into the tailrace at McNary Dam, fourteen groups (13,746 fish) were branded and released into the reservoir at River Kilometer 375, and 34 groups (14,273) were branded and released into the reservoir at various other sites. More than 55,000 0-age chinook salmon were sampled at the John Day Dam airlift facility. This sample included 623 mark recoveries. Four hundred and eight (408) additional marks were recovered from purse seine samples taken at various sites throughout the reservoir. The average passage time of marked 0-age chinook salmon released in the McNary trailrace was 22 days in 1981. There was no statistically significant evidence to indicate that instream flows affected either the rate of movement or residence time of 0-age chinook salmon in John Day Reservoir in 1981. 7 references, 1 figure, 12 tables.

  11. Research on the behavior of polonium produced in lead-bismuth eutectic irradiated with neutrons. JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H10-026. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekimoto, Hiroshi; Igashira, Masayuki; Yano, Toyohiko; Obara, Toru; Ohsaki, Toshiro [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo (Japan)

    2002-03-01

    Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) is proposed by several research institutes as a coolant of liquid metal cooled fast reactors, instead of sodium, and a target of accelerator driven subcritical nuclear reactor systems (ADS). LBE has some advantages that it is chemically inert compared to sodium and that its melting point is low like sodium. A problem might be that bismuth produces polonium, which is an alpha emitter, by irradiation of neutrons. The purpose of the study is to get information for quantitative estimations of the release of polonium on LBE cooled fast reactors and on ADSs by making it clear about production rate of polonium (information about cross section) by neutron irradiation of LBE, release rate of the produced polonium from LBE, and adsorption rate of the polonium on various materials. To get the information about production rate of polonium, neutron cross sections of bismuth were measured in keV energy region, which was important in fast reactors, by using the Pelletron accelerator in Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology. The obtained neutron capture cross sections were from 1/2 to 1/3 of the evaluated values in JENDL and the obtained polonium production cross sections were almost 1/3 of it. At the same time, an experimental device was designed for heating and adsorption experiments and the performance was tested. The performance of alpha spectrometer was tested also. By those the method was established for the measurement of polonium released from melted LBE after neutron irradiation. (author)

  12. Relationships Among Perceived Wellness Culture, Healthy Lifestyle Beliefs, and Healthy Behaviors in University Faculty and Staff: Implications for Practice and Future Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek; Amaya, Megan; Szalacha, Laura A; Hoying, Jacqueline

    2016-03-01

    Identifying key factors influencing healthy lifestyle behaviors in university faculty and staff is critical in designing interventions to improve health outcomes and reduce health care costs. A descriptive study was conducted with 3,959 faculty and staff at a Midwestern, U.S. University. Key measures included perceived worksite culture, healthy lifestyle beliefs, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Healthy lifestyle beliefs were strongly positively associated with healthy lifestyle behaviors. Regression analyses demonstrated positive healthy lifestyle behaviors based upon sex (female, Std. β = .068, p < .001) and role (faculty, Std. β = .059, p < .001) and a negative effect of race (African Americans, Std. β = -.059, p < .001). The positive effect of perceived wellness culture on healthy lifestyle behaviors was completely mediated by healthy lifestyle beliefs. Interventions to enhance perceived wellness culture and healthy lifestyle beliefs should result in healthier behaviors and improved health outcomes. PMID:26574561

  13. “留守儿童”问题行为与心理资本实证研究与启示%The Empirical Research of Problem Behaviors and Psychological Capital of “Left-behind Children”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐超凡

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To carry out the empirical research of problem behaviors and psychological capital of “left-behind children”. Methods:The research chose a middle school in Taipusi, Inner Mongolia Province as a pilot and distrib-uted 200 questionnaires. Through some methods like questionnaire survey, observation and interview etc. to achieve qualitative research and quantitative research combined . Results: Among the higher detection rate of problem be-haviors, academic pressure, aggressive behavior and neurotic behavior were the top three. Among the lower detec-tion rate of psychological capital, self reliant, optimistic and cheerful were the top two. Psychological capital can provide the corresponding forecast and explanation to different problem behaviors. Conclusion:The model using psy-chological capital to forecast and guidance the problem behaviors is feasible.%为探讨“留守儿童”问题行为与心理资本的特点及关系,本研究选取内蒙古太仆寺旗某初中作为试点发放调研问卷200份,通过问卷调研、观察与访谈相结合的方法收集资料。结果表明:样本中学生问题行为检出率较高的依次为学业压力、攻击行为与神经质行为;低心理资本检出率较高的依次为自立顽强、乐观开朗;心理资本能够对不同问题行为提供相应的预测和解释。这些结果表明,构建“留守儿童”心理资本对问题行为的预测与辅导模型可行。

  14. 基于计划行为理论的矿工故意违章行为意向研究%Research on Miners'Deliberate Violation Behavior Intentions Based on Theory of Planned Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乃文; 马跃; 牛莉霞

    2011-01-01

    In order to further explain and predict deliberate violation behavior intention of miners and to develop feasible intervention strategies, using TPB as the basic theoretical framework, a hypothesis model of deliberate violation behavior intention was constructed including past behaviors and descriptive norm. Stratified sampling and random sampling were adopted together, 412 miners completed eligible questionnaires. The hypothesis model was tested through structural equation modeling technique. Study shows that the attitude of violation, perceived behavioral control and descriptive norm have a significant and positive effect on deliberate violation behavior intentions; subject norm has no direct bearing on deliberate violation behavior intention; subject norm and past behavior both have an indirect and positive influence on deliberate violation behavior intention by affecting attitude. The violation attitude and descriptive norm highly impact deliberate violation behavior intentions, the overall impact factors are relatively high. The important way of reducing deliberate violation behavior intentions is to change violation attitude and play the role of group members'descriptive norm in compliance behavior.%为进一步解释和预测矿工故意违章行为意向,寻求可能的干预对策,以计划行为理论(TPB)为基本的理论构架,加入过去行为和示范性规范2个变量,构建了矿工故意违章行为意向假设模型.采取分层随机抽样方法,对412名矿工进行问卷调查,并借助结构方程建模技术对提出的假设模型进行了验证.研究表明:违章态度、知觉行为控制、示范性规范均对故意违章行为意向有显著的正向影响;主观规范对违章行为意向没有显著的直接影响;主观规范和过去行为通过违章态度间接正向影响违章行为意向.违章态度和示范性规范对故意违章行为意向的整体影响系数比较高,转变违章态度以及发挥群体其他成

  15. 青少年锻炼行为阶段发展与健康促进行为关系研究%Research On the Relationship between the stages of Exercise Behavior and Health Promoting Behavior Level of Adolescent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小东; 郑祥荣; 徐建晶

    2014-01-01

    采用《青少年健康促进量表( AHP)》与《青少年锻炼行为阶段量表》对福建省九所初高中学生进行调查,探讨青少年的锻炼行为阶段发展与健康促进行为之间的关系。结果表明:(1)有21.2%青少年锻炼行为处于保持阶段,女生参与锻炼行为人数比例有所提高,初中生锻炼行为参与程度高于高中生,并且具有显著性差异;(2)初中生的健康促进行为得分高于高中生,具有显著性差异;(3)锻炼行为阶段发展与青少年的健康促进行为水平存在显著性差异,但相关性较弱。%Explore the relationship between the stages of exercise behavior and health promoting behavior level of adolescent.Using "Adolescent Health Promotion Scale ( AHP)"and "Adolescent Stage of exercise behavior scale"for 617 middle school students were investigated , the results showed that: (1) 21.2%adolescent exercise behavior was in the holding phase , the number of girls participating in exercise behavior proportion had increased.(2) junior high school students scored higher than high school in health -promoting behaviors , with significant differences; (3) there is not a positive correlation between the stages of exercise behavior and health promoting behavior level of adolescent to some extent.

  16. 青少年锻炼行为阶段发展与健康促进行为关系研究%Research On the Relationship between the stages of Exercise Behavior and Health Promoting Behavior Level of Adolescent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小东; 郑祥荣; 徐建晶

    2014-01-01

    采用《青少年健康促进量表( AHP)》与《青少年锻炼行为阶段量表》对福建省九所初高中学生进行调查,探讨青少年的锻炼行为阶段发展与健康促进行为之间的关系。结果表明:(1)有21畅2%青少年锻炼行为处于保持阶段,女生参与锻炼行为人数比例有所提高,初中生锻炼行为参与程度高于高中生,并且具有显著性差异;(2)初中生的健康促进行为得分高于高中生,具有显著性差异;(3)锻炼行为阶段发展与青少年的健康促进行为水平存在显著性差异,但相关性较弱。%Explore the relationship between the stages of exercise behavior and health promoting behavior level of adolescent.Using "Adolescent Health Promotion Scale ( AHP)"and "Adolescent Stage of exercise behavior scale"for 617 middle school students were investigated , the results showed that: (1) 21.2%adolescent exercise behavior was in the holding phase , the number of girls participating in exercise behavior proportion had increased.(2) junior high school students scored higher than high school in health -promoting behaviors , with significant differences; (3) there is not a positive correlation between the stages of exercise behavior and health promoting behavior level of adolescent to some extent.

  17. 居民电子废物回收行为影响因素的实证研究%An empirical research on recycling behavior of waste electrical and electronic equipment and its influence factor.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余福茂; 段显明; 梁慧娟

    2011-01-01

    Based on the results of questionnaire investigation to 350 urban residents, an empirical research was done on the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), aiming to the recycling behavior, the behavior intention and the influence factors. The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the structure equal model based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) could be used to interpret the related hypotheses effectively, and some situational factors, such as environmental knowledge, public preach and trash separation of home wastes, played regulating roles on the recycling behavior. Perceived behavioral control played a vital role on promoting the conversion of behavior intention into behavior. While the convenience situation of recycling behavior was an important factor impacting perceived behavioral control.%基于对350名城市居民的问卷调查结果,运用验证性因子分析方法对居民的电子废物回收行为、行为意向及其影响因素进行了实证研究.结果表明,基于计划行为理论所建立的结构方程模型可以较为有效地诠释有关研究假设,环境知识、舆论宣传和垃圾分类等情境因素对电子废物回收行为具有调节作用.知觉行为控制对于行为意向转化为行为具有非常重要地促进作用,而便利状况则是影响知觉行为控制的重要因素.

  18. A Research on the Cognitive Features of Middle School Students' Aggressive Behavior%中学生攻击行为认知特征调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘灵; 严亮华

    2011-01-01

    本文采用问卷调查法对中学生攻击行为的认知特征进行调查,结果表明:①攻击型学生具有高攻击认知,他们在意图不明时倾向敌意性归因,在事件的不良后果上倾向让对方承担责任,行为策略偏向争斗性,对受害者的痛苦会忽略,一般会关注攻击所带来的正效应而忽视负效应;外部攻击型学生比关系攻击更倾向攻击性认知,尤其对敌意性线索有偏向注意。②男性攻击认知要显著高于女性,普通中学学生攻击认知要显著高于重点中学,初中和高中生在攻击认知水平没有显著差异。%This paper utilizes questionnaire method to research into the cognitive features of middle school students' aggressive behavior,and finally comes to the following conclusion: ①Aggressive students have high aggressive cognition and they tend to force ability to the other, and to ignore others' sufferings. ②Boy students' aggressive cognition is higher than girl students,common middle school students obviously higher than key middle school,while junior high school and senior high school students' have no obvious differences.

  19. O behaviorismo radical e a interdisciplinaridade: possibilidade de uma nova síntese? Radical behaviorism and interdisciplinary research: would a new synthesis be possible in psychology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evenice Santos Chaves

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A ciência psicológica é historicamente atravessada por conflitos inter teóricos, decorrentes de enfoques diferenciados com relação a conhecimentos produzidos pelos fundamentos epistemológicos, teóricos e metodológicos, pelas hegemonias e pelo próprio recorte sobre o objeto em estudo, realizado por pesquisadores. Contemporaneamente, a epistemologia da complexidade chama atenção para a incompletude de cada tipo de conhecimento científico produzido, o que tem gerado ressonâncias nos fazeres de pesquisadores e propiciado novos diálogos entre perspectivas diversificadas em cada enfoque, ou entre enfoques. O presente artigo propõe diálogos entre aspectos do behaviorismo radical e do construtivismo crítico formal, ressaltando relações de complementaridade, a partir da unidade de contrários, que podem implicar numa nova síntese: uma teoria geral do significado. Nessa direção enfocar-se-á a proposição de nova síntese, a qual configura uma compreensão teórica sobre o desenvolvimento do significado e reinterpreta o papel do reforçamento na construção e ampliação dos significados.Psychology as science is historically engaged in theoretical disputes resulting from divergent viewpoints concerning the nature of knowledge generated by different epistemological, theoretical and methodological approaches, and by the particular divisions in the subject matter made by the researchers themselves. At the present time, epistemology of the complexity calls attention to the incompleteness, characteristic of scientific knowledge, that in turn affects the conduct of researchers, creating conditions for new dialogues between differing perspectives within and between disciplines. This article proposes a renewal of the dialogue between radical behaviorism and formal critical constructivism that, by emphasizing complementary relationships and opposing polarized thinking which has permeated these disciplines, may result in a new synthesis or

  20. Effect of coupon orientation on corrosion behavior of aluminium alloy coupons in the spent fuel storage section of the IEA-R1 research reactor pool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    were also similar to that of fuel plates used in RR fuel assemblies. The test rack consists of a stand on which circular metallic coupons and ceramic disks are stacked. The metallic coupons are either individual coupons or coupled coupons. The ceramic disks (non-porous alumina) are used to separate the individual coupons and the coupled coupons, one from the other. The coupons are stacked in the following sequence, from top to bottom: Al 1050; Al 6061; Al 1050 (pre-oxidized and scratched); Al 1050 - Al 1050 (couple); Al 1050 - Al 6061(couple); Al 6061 - Al 6061( couple); Al 1050 - SS 304 (couple) and Al 6061 - SS 304 (couple). A number of conclusions were drawn from the first phase of the IAEA sponsored CRP 'Corrosion of research reactor Al-clad spent fuel in water' in which the coupons were oriented horizontally. One of main conclusions was the marked influence of sediments on the initiation and propagation of pitting corrosion. Since all MTR type fuel assemblies are stored vertically in spent fuel basins with the fuel plates oriented vertically, in this Regional Project, one of the parameters being evaluated is the influence of coupon orientation. Six racks were immersed in mid-2002 in the spent fuel section of the IAE-R1 reactor, of which, 3 had coupons oriented horizontally and 3 had coupons oriented vertically. The racks are expected to be withdrawn after 1, 2 and 3 years. Water parameters such as pH, temperature, conductivity and composition are being monitored periodically. Two racks, one with coupons vertically oriented and one with coupons oriented horizontally will be withdrawn in June 2003 and the extent of general, pitting, crevice and bimetallic corrosion evaluated with the aid of various optical macro- and microscopic techniques, including an optical image analysis system. Results correlating water parameters, coupon orientation, and aluminium alloy composition with corrosion behavior will be presented and discussed. (author)

  1. 幼儿攻击性行为的原因及对策研究%The reason and countermeasure research of children aggressive behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵楠; 宋彦喜

    2015-01-01

    攻击性行为是在幼儿中比较常见的一种不良行为,具有此种行为的儿童往往很难建立良好的同伴的关系,以致影响幼儿以后的身心健康。本文主要探讨幼儿攻击性行为形成的原因,并相应的提出一些有效的控制幼儿攻击性行为的对策。%Aggressive behavior is a bad behavior more common in young children, children with such behavior are often difficult to establish good partner relationship, so as to affect the children's physical and mental health. This paper mainly discusses the reasons of children aggressive behavior, and proposes corresponding and some effective countermeasures to control children aggressive behavior.

  2. 基于计划行为理论的研究生创新行为产生机理研究%The Research of Origin Mechanism of Postgraduate Students Innovation Behavior Based on Theory of Planned Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余韵; 曹伟; 张文元; 黄玲

    2014-01-01

    基于计划行为理论,构建了研究生创新行为研究的理论分析框架,设计了行为态度、主观规范、知觉控制、组织支持、创新意愿和创新行为的6个量表,通过调查问卷的设计,收集了302位研究生的调查数据,利用通径分析法验证了理论框架的合理性。结果表明:第一,研究生创新意愿对创新行为具有显著的直接影响,而行为态度、主观规范和知觉控制会通过影响创新意愿对研究生创新行为产生间接影响;第二,考虑组织支持的调节作用后,研究生创新意愿对创新行为的影响强度更大,表明组织支持对研究生实现从创新意愿到创新行为的促进与激励作用明显。%Based on the theory of planned behavior, this article constructed the theoretical framework of postgraduate students innova-tion behavior, designed 6 scales of behavior attitude, subjective norm, perceived control, organizational support, willingness to innovate and innovation behavior , then finished the data collection by questionnaire. Based on the survey data collected from 302 postgraduate stu-dents, verified the rationality of the theoretical framework by using the path analysis method, and the results shown that:first, innovation of postgraduate students had a direct effect on innovative behavior, the behavior attitude, subject norm and perceived control had indirect in-fluence on postgraduate students innovation behavior by influence innovation willingness. Second, considered the moderating role of orga-nizational support , willingness to innovate did much more influence on postgraduate students innovation behavior, it shown that organiza-tional support had a significant role in promoting postgraduate students from the innovation intention to innovation behavior.

  3. Research on Risk Behavior for the Strategic Decision-making of Entrepreneur Based on Bounded Rationality%基于有限理性的企业家战略决策风险行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任静; 刘升福

    2014-01-01

    企业家认知的有限性决定了企业家在有限理性的状态下进行战略决策。基于行为经济学和决策行为理论,研究有限理性下企业家战略决策风险行为及其影响因素。通过建立模型和实证研究来探讨企业家战略决策风险行为及其影响因素对战略决策风险行为的影响,从而为企业家战略决策风险行为管理提供依据。%The limitation of Entrepreneurs′cognition decides that entrepreneurs make strategic decisions under the limited rational state.The paper,based on the theory of behavioral economics and the decision-making behavior,studies the entrepreneur strategic decision deviation behavior based on bounded rationality and its influencing factors.Through the questionnaire,interviews and the empirical research,the paper explores the various influencing factors of entrepreneur strategic decision-making risk behavior influence on strategic decision-making risk behaviors,so as to provide the basis for entrepreneurs strategic decision-making risk behavior management.

  4. Contingency and behavior analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lattal, Kennon A.

    1995-01-01

    The concept of contingency is central to theoretical discussions of learned behavior and in the application of learning research to problems of social significance. This paper reviews three aspects of the contingency concept as it has been developed by behavior analysts. The first is the empirical analysis of contingency through experimental studies of both human and nonhuman behavior. The second is the synthesis of experimental studies in theoretical and conceptual frameworks to yield a more...

  5. Research Review and Prospect on Consumer Cross-Channel Buying Behavior%消费者跨渠道购买行为研究评述与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭燕; 周梅华

    2014-01-01

    消费者跨渠道购买行为是指多渠道零售环境下,消费者在购买决策过程的不同阶段运用不同渠道的行为。文章基于文献研究法,从定义、影响因素和企业管理策略三个方面对消费者跨渠道购买行为的国内外相关研究进行了梳理和评述,阐述了消费者跨渠道购买行为的定义,总结了消费者跨渠道购买行为的影响因素,归纳了企业对消费者跨渠道购买行为的管理策略并进行了评述,分析了未来研究方向,得出消费者跨渠道购买行为可以细分为消费者跨渠道搭便车行为和消费者跨渠道保留行为,研究结果为多渠道零售企业进行渠道设计和多渠道顾客管理提供了决策参考。%Consumer cross-channel buying behavior is the behavior that consumer uses different channels to buy during different buying decision period in multi-channel environment. Based on the method of literature review , the paper reviews the related research of consumer cross-channel buying behavior at home and abroad. The definition of consumer cross-channel buying behavior is illustrated. The influencing factors are summarized. The management strategies are concluded and commented. Future research directions are analyzed. The paper has got the conclusions that consumer cross-channel buying behavior can be divided into consumer cross-channel free-riding behavior and consumer cross-channel retention behavior, each type has two buying behavior paths, consumer cross-channel buying behavior is mainly influenced by consumers, products, channels or retailers, the key of enterprises' multi-channel customer management is how to design channels, so as to broaden the research prospective of scholars and provide decision references for multi-channel retail enterprises' channel design and multi-channel customer management.

  6. A Numerical Analysis Research on Earlier Behavior of Molten Droplet Covered with Vapor Film at the Stage of Triggering and Propagation in Steam Explosion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingjun Zhong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available When the molten fuel with high temperature falls into the cavity water, it will be dispersed into droplets which are covered with vapor films due to the rapid heat transfer with phase transition. This situation cannot be simply described by liquid-liquid or gas-liquid systems. And there are no sufficient experimental studies on the behavior of droplet covered with vapor film because of the rapid reaction and the difficulty in capture of the film configuration. In this paper, a multiphase code with the volume of fluid (VOF method is used to simulate the earlier behavior of droplet when vapor film exits. The earlier behavior is defined as behavior of the droplet before its disintegration. Thermal effect and pure hydrodynamic effect are, respectively, considered. The simulation results indicate that the film thickness and material density have significant effect on the earlier behavior of droplet. The situation assumed in Ciccarelli and Frost’s model (1994 is observed in current simulation of earlier thermal droplet behavior. The effect of triggering pressure pulse on earlier hydrodynamic behavior is also discussed and it indicates that vapor film has little effect on the hydrodynamic droplet deformation when the intensity of the pressure pulse is very high.

  7. Research of Social Behavior of Junior High School Students with Learning Disabilities%学习困难初中生社会行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢芳; 马林

    2012-01-01

    选取学困生73名,采用班级戏剧量表对学生的攻击行为、亲社会行为、敏感退缩行为进行测量。结果表明:(1)学困生与非学困生的社会行为存在显著差异,学困生的亲社会行为减少,攻击行为增多;(2)学困生中,男生的攻击行为显著高于女生;(3)随着年级的增加,学困生的亲社会行为与攻击行为有下降趋势,退缩行为略有增多,但差异均未达到显著水平。%elected 73 junior school students with learning disabilities.CPS-R was used to measure student's Pro-social behavior,aggressive behavior,sensitively-back behavior.The study reveals that:(1)students with learning disabilities showed fewer Pro-social behavior and more aggressive behavior;920among students with learning disabilities,aggressive behavior of boys was significant higher than girls.(3) As the grade increased,students with learning difficulties pro-social behavior and aggressive behavior on a downward trend,a slight increase in withdrawn behavior,but the difference did not reach significant levels.

  8. 代际划分视角下矿工不安全行为研究%Research on Miners'Unsafe Behaviors from the Perspective of Intergeneration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程恋军; 仲维清

    2016-01-01

    Based on the theory of planned behavior ( TPB) and the health action process approach ( HAPA) , this study constructs an integrated model of miners'unsafe behaviors to explore the new-generation miners'unsafe behavior from the per-spective of intergeneration.Findings from the survey of 468 miners's unsafe behaviors are as follows:first, there are significant differences between the new-generation miners'unsafe behaviors and those of other groups of miners;second, the unsafe behav-ior attitudes have a less significant effect on new-generation miners'behavioral intention, and the mediated effect of response plan is lower too;thirs, the risk perception of unsafe behaviors and subjective norms can directly affect the new-generation minors'unsafe behavior intention.%本文在计划行为理论(TPB)和健康行动过程取向理论(HAPA)的基础上构建矿工不安全行为整合理论模型, 从代际的视角探讨新生代矿工不安全行为产生的特点. 通过对468名矿工不安全行为的问卷调查发现, 与其他矿工群体相比, 新生代矿工在不安全行为产生路径上存在显著差异; 新生代矿工不安全行为态度对行为意向的影响较低, 应对计划的中介效应较低; 不安全行为的风险知觉和主观规范能直接影响新生代矿工不安全行为意向.

  9. Stress and eating behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Achim; Langemann, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    How stress, the stress response, and the adaptation of the stress response influence our eating behavior is a central question in brain research and medicine. In this report, we highlight recent advances showing the close links between eating behavior, the stress system, and neurometabolism.

  10. Network-behavior dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, René; Dijkstra, Jan; Steglich, Christian; Van Zalk, Maarten H. W.

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have become increasingly interested in disentangling selection and influence processes. This literature review provides context for the special issue on network-behavior dynamics. It brings together important conceptual, methodological, and empirical contributions focusing on longitudina

  11. Aggressive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Aggressive Behavior Page Content Article Body My child is sometimes ... type of behavior? The best way to prevent aggressive behavior is to give your child a stable, secure ...

  12. Overcoming Biological, Behavioral and Structural Vulnerabilities: New Directions in Research to Decrease HIV Transmission in Men who have Sex with Men

    OpenAIRE

    Mayer, Kenneth H.; Wheeler, Darrell P.; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Grinsztejn, Beatriz; Remien, Robert H.; Sandfort, Theodorus G. M.; Beyrer, Chris

    2013-01-01

    Men who have sex with men, including transgender women, comprise a heterogeneous group of individuals, whose sexual behaviors and gender identities may varying widely between cultures and among individuals. Their sources of increased vulnerability to HIV are diverse, including the increased efficiency of HIV transmission via unprotected anal intercourse, sexual role versatility, asymptomatic sexually transmitted infections, as well as behavioral factors that may be associated with condomless ...

  13. An Investigation of the Effects of Workrelated - Stress and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizen ship Behavior: A Research on Banking Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melisa Erdilek Karabay

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available With increasing competition conditions and the acceleration of lobalization, organizations’ new management approach now support mployees in the direction of attaining the objectives of the organization to have more effective behaviors. However, employees in the business world are under the constant influence of factors that will affect their current working conditions negatively. In this context, job stress continues to influence today's organizational structure significantly. In this context, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior in the literature emerges as the most coveted concept in the business world. The employees that have organizational commitment and organizational citizen ship behavior may lead to the creation of more efficient work environment . In this study, the relationship between organizational commitment , job stress, and organizational citizenship behavior is investigated in banking sector. As a result , it has been fo und that, bank employees' organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior affect courtesy, altruism, civic virtue , onscientiousness and sportsmenship, positively. On the other hand, bank employees’ organizational citizenship behavior with work stress has a negative effect on courtesy and consciousness.

  14. Research progress on corrosion behavior of dental alloys%牙科合金腐蚀行为的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵耀; 刘嘉俊

    2011-01-01

    Development and application of dental alloys is currently a focus in dentistry. Increasing knowledge about interaction of dental alloys with oral tissues has resulted in evolution of high performance dental materials to meet the various requirements of the ever-changing oral environment. The dental alloys are generally placed in the mouths of patients where they need to resist mechanical load and corrosive environment. Corrosion can lead to poor esthetics, compromise of physical properties, or deteriorated biocompatibility. Therefore, it is important to know the corrosion resistance. The main interest of the present article is to review the corrosion behavior of those dental alloys including alloys for prosthetic purposes, dental amalgam, and alloys for orthodontic applications, as reported by various research workers.%牙科合金正成为口腔科学研究和临床应用中的热点.随着对牙科合金与口腔组织相互作用的深入了解,对合金材料的物理性能和生物相容性等提出了更高的要求,目前正力求研发选择更加适应口腔多变环境的材料.牙科合金在严苛的口腔环境中会发生腐蚀,并引起美学性能、力学性能和生物相容性的下降.因此,了解牙科合金的腐蚀行为并据此进行材料的研究和选择尤为重要.本文探讨的范围包括牙科修复合金、牙科银汞合金和牙科正畸用合金,就近年来学者关于上述牙科合金腐蚀行为的研究现状作一综述.

  15. Research progress on the environmental behavior of artificial sweeteners%人工甜味剂环境行为研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯碧婷; 干志伟; 胡宏伟; 孙红文

    2013-01-01

    Artificial sweeteners are used worldwide as a class of synthetic or half-synthetic sugar substitutes in food and beverages. Most of them can hardly be metabolized in vivo, thus are excreted via urines and feces before entering the environmet. Some typical artificial sweeteners have been proved to occur ubiquitously in the aquatic environment with the highest concentration up to 190 μg·L-1 . Furthermore, some artificial sweeteners are also recalcitrant against the removal process in water treatment plants. Therefore, they have been recently recognized as emerging organic contaminants. In this paper, the behavior of artificial sweeteners in water treatment processes and their source and occurrence in the environment are reviewed, and the contamination characteristics of the artificial sweeteners are summarized. Some future research directions in this field are proposed accordingly.%人工甜味剂是一类人工合成或半合成的蔗糖取代物,由于人们对饮食健康的关注而被越来越广泛地应用于食品和饮料中。但是大多数人工甜味剂在人体内几乎不被代谢就随尿液和粪便直接排到生活污水中。近年,几种典型的甜味剂在水体中广泛被检出且浓度较高,同时研究发现部分甜味剂难以降解,因此人工甜味剂已被视为新型有机污染物而得到关注。本文就人工甜味剂在水处理设施中的行为及其在环境来源和分布的相关研究进行了综述,总结了水处理设施和水环境中甜味剂的污染特征规律,并对今后的研究进行了展望。

  16. 非人灵长类动物异常行为与5-HTTLPR关系研究进展%Advances research on relationship between abnormal behavior and 5-HTTLPR in non--human primates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璋琼; 孙晓梅; 叶尤松; 江勤芳; 代解杰

    2011-01-01

    非人灵长类动物饲养环境被改变或受到控制时将会干扰动物作出正常反应,常表现出许多异常行为(abnormal behavior),与人类相似,这些异常行为多是心理疾患的具体表现,人和非人灵长类动物的异常行为是遗传因素和环境因素相互作用的结果,其中遗传因素是指5-HTTLPR.现将近年来有关非人灵长类动物异常行为与5-HTTLPR多态性的关系进展作一概述.%When breeding environment changed or under constraint, the rhesus macaque reaction could be interfered,might result in some abnormal behaviors. Similar to human - beings, these behaviors are manifestation of psychological diseases , abnormal behaviors of human - beings and non - human primates were interaction results of genetic factors and environment factors. Genetic facror was 5 - HTTLPR. Now we summarize the advances research of relationship between ahnormal behaviors of non - human primates and 5 - HTTLPR polymorphism

  17. Towards accurate emergency response behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear reactor operator emergency response behavior has persisted as a training problem through lack of information. The industry needs an accurate definition of operator behavior in adverse stress conditions, and training methods which will produce the desired behavior. Newly assembled information from fifty years of research into human behavior in both high and low stress provides a more accurate definition of appropriate operator response, and supports training methods which will produce the needed control room behavior. The research indicates that operator response in emergencies is divided into two modes, conditioned behavior and knowledge based behavior. Methods which assure accurate conditioned behavior, and provide for the recovery of knowledge based behavior, are described in detail

  18. Overcoming biological, behavioral, and structural vulnerabilities: new directions in research to decrease HIV transmission in men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Kenneth H; Wheeler, Darrell P; Bekker, Linda-Gail; Grinsztejn, Beatriz; Remien, Robert H; Sandfort, Theodorus G M; Beyrer, Chris

    2013-07-01

    Men who have sex with men (MSM), including transgender women, comprise a heterogeneous group of individuals whose sexual behaviors and gender identities may vary widely between cultures and among individuals. Their sources of increased vulnerability to HIV are diverse, including the increased efficiency of HIV transmission via unprotected anal intercourse, sexual role versatility, asymptomatic sexually transmitted infections, and behavioral factors that may be associated with condomless sex with multiple partners. Societal stigmatization of homosexual behavior and gender nonconformity may result in internalized negative feelings that lead to depression, other affective disorders, and substance use, which in turn are associated with increased risk-taking behaviors. Social stigma and punitive civil environments may lead to delays in seeking HIV and sexually transmitted disease screening, and later initiation of antiretroviral therapy. The iPrEX study demonstrated that chemoprophylaxis can decrease HIV acquisition in MSM, and the HIV prevention trials network 052 study established the biological plausibility that earlier initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy can decrease HIV transmission to uninfected partners. Despite these advances, MSM remain among the most significantly HIV-affected population in resource-rich and limited settings. New studies will integrate enhanced understanding of the biology of enhanced rectal transmission of HIV and the focused use of antiretrovirals for prevention with culturally tailored approaches that address the potentiating social and behavioral factors associated with enhanced HIV spread among MSM. PMID:23764630

  19. Groundwater recovery experiment in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory. Numerical simulation of H-M coupled behavior of rock and backfill materials to evaluate the influence on the surrounding rock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, groundwater recovery experiment is being conducted to develop the method to understand the transition of geological environment due to groundwater recovery at the -500 m access and research gallery-north. As a part of this experiment, backfill test is planned using drilling pits filled with artificial materials (clay and concrete) to evaluate the influence on the surrounding rock mass due to the interaction of rock and artificial materials. In this study, numerical simulation of the backfill test has been carried out to predict the qualitative hydro-mechanical behavior. (author)

  20. External Costs of Risky Health Behaviors Associated with Leading Actual Causes of Death in the U.S.: A Review of the Evidence and Implications for Future Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armineh Zohrabian

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the evidence on external costs of risky behaviors in the U.S. and provides a framework for estimating them. External costs arise when a person does not bear all the costs of his or her behavior. They provide one of the strongest rationales for government interventions. Although the earlier estimates of external costs no longer have policy relevance, they demonstrated that the existence of external costs was an empirical question. We recommend that the estimates of external costs be updated as insurance structures, environments, and knowledge about these behaviors change. The general aspects of external costs may apply to countries other than the U.S. after taking into account differences in institutional, policy and epidemiological characteristics.

  1. 旅游者在线口碑分享行为的研究%Research on Tourist Sharing Behavior on eWOM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高家晨; 樊佳丽; 张维亚; 徐子琳

    2016-01-01

    The paper taking Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum as a case, analyzes online sharing behavior motivation and establishes online sharing behavior model. The paper analyzes the formation mechanism of digital footprint of tourists ’ consumption share behavior. The paper finds out tourists engaging in electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM), where the quality of tourism service (product quality, service quality, atmosphere, and price fairness) is the antecedent of eWOM communication.%文章基于旅游者在线分享行为动机分析和旅游者在线分享行为模型构建,以明孝陵为例,运用结构方程分析发现旅游者出于优质的产品、服务和环境的体验而产生在线分享行为。

  2. Behavioral economics

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, Nathan

    1984-01-01

    Economics, like behavioral psychology, is a science of behavior, albeit highly organized human behavior. The value of economic concepts for behavioral psychology rests on (1) their empirical validity when tested in the laboratory with individual subjects and (2) their uniqueness when compared to established behavioral concepts. Several fundamental concepts are introduced and illustrated by reference to experimental data: open and closed economies, elastic and inelastic demand, and substitutio...

  3. 计划行为理论指导下的微格教学%Research on Microteaching Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀阁; 蔡明建; 冯桂荣; 贾俊芳; 吴树新

    2014-01-01

    When the theory of planned behavior (TPB) is applied to the microteaching, it can raise the level of the microteaching skills by sorting out the students’ attitude toward train, improving the capacity of subjective norms and consciously control the microteaching training behavior.%将计划行为理论应用到微格教学中,通过端正师范生的训练态度、提升主观规范能力和自觉控制微格训练行为,达到提高微格教学技能水平的目的。

  4. A Research on The Relation between the Healthy Life Style Behaviors and Self-Care Levels of the Students in Health and Social Programs of Vocational Collages

    OpenAIRE

    Ünalan, Demet; Şenol, Vesile; Ahmet ÖZTÜRK; Erkorkmaz, Ünal

    2007-01-01

    This study has been planned to determine the self-care agency and the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students studying at both health and social vocational collages, to study the relations between these two, and to make the affecting factors clear. The mean point of the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students who study on medical subjects is 118.46±21.38, and the mean point for the students of the social programs is 125.34±23.95. It has been found that th...

  5. Direct Behavior Rating: Considerations for Rater Accuracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Sayward E.; Riley-Tillman, T. Chris; Chafouleas, Sandra M.

    2014-01-01

    Direct behavior rating (DBR) offers users a flexible, feasible method for the collection of behavioral data. Previous research has supported the validity of using DBR to rate three target behaviors: academic engagement, disruptive behavior, and compliance. However, the effect of the base rate of behavior on rater accuracy has not been established.…

  6. The Impact of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" on Organizational Behavior Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.

    2010-01-01

    In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…

  7. Positive Behavior Support and Applied Behavior Analysis: A Familial Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Glen; Carr, Edward G.; Horner, Robert H.; Zarcone, Jennifer R.; Schwartz, Ilene

    2008-01-01

    Positive behavior support (PBS) emerged in the mid-1980s as an approach for understanding and addressing problem behaviors. PBS was derived primarily from applied behavior analysis (ABA). Over time, however, PBS research and practice has incorporated evaluative methods, assessment and intervention procedures, and conceptual perspectives associated…

  8. Memetics clarification of abnormal behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIM: Biological medicine is hard to fully and scientifically explain the etiological factor and pathogenesis of abnormal behaviors; while, researches on philosophy and psychology (including memetics) are beneficial to better understand and explain etiological factor and pathogenesis of abnormal behaviors. At present, the theory of philosophy and psychology is to investigate the entity of abnormal behavior based on the views of memetics.METHODS: Abnormal behavior was researched in this study based on three aspects, including instinctive behavior disorder, poorly social-adapted behavior disorder and mental or body disease associated behavior disorder. Most main viewpoints of memetics were derived from "The Meme Machine", which was written by Susan Blackmore. When questions about abnormal behaviors induced by mental and psychological diseases and conduct disorder of teenagers were discussed, some researching achievements which were summarized by authors previously were added in this study, such as aggressive behaviors, pathologically aggressive behaviors, etc.RESULTS: The abnormal behaviors mainly referred to a part of people's substandard behaviors which were not according with the realistic social environment, culture background and the pathologic behaviors resulted from people's various psychological diseases. According to the theory of "meme", it demonstrated that the relevant behavioral obstacles of various psychological diseases, for example, the unusual behavior of schizophrenia, were caused, because the old meme was destroyed thoroughly but the new meme was unable to establish; psychoneurosis and personality disorder were resulted in hard establishment of meme; the behavioral obstacles which were ill-adapted to society, for example, various additional and homosexual behaviors, were because of the selfish replications and imitations of "additional meme" and "homosexual meme"; various instinct behavioral and congenital intelligent obstacles were not significance

  9. The basic importance of applied behavior analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Epling, W. Frank; Pierce, W. David

    1986-01-01

    We argue that applied behavior analysis is relevant to basic research. Modification studies, and a broad range of investigations that focus on the precipitating and maintaining conditions of socially significant human behavior, have basic importance. Applied behavior analysis may aid basic researchers in the design of externally valid experiments and thereby enhance the theoretical significance of basic research for understanding human behavior. Applied research with humans, directed at cultu...

  10. Research on Formation Mechanism and Influencing Factors of Scientific Literature Download Behavior%科技文献下载行为形成机理及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵杰; 何洁; 王曰芬

    2013-01-01

      以信息用户科技文献下载行为为研究对象,在文献研究的基础上,提出包含科技文献下载行为的构成、要素之间相互作用的下载行为决策概念模型,并运用PLS方法对概念模型进行实证验证,给出各影响量因素对科技文献下载行为的影响关系。结果表明:下载动机、认知和能力因素对行为主体科技文献下载决策有直接的正向影响;人格情绪、信息需求、外在因素和经验对行为主体科技文献下载决策存在间接的正向影响。%Taking scientific literature download behavior as the research object, on the basis of the literature at home and abroad, this pa-per builds a scientific literature download behavior conceptual model, makes a systematic research on the forming elements of the behavior and the elements interactions by PLS method, and gives the impact weights of each elements. Conclusions are given as: download mo-tives, cognition and ability have direct effect on scientific literature download behavior; while personality emotions, information needs, external factors and experience have indirect effect on scientific literature download behavior

  11. 辽宁省乡村旅游者消费行为分析%Research on the Consumer Behavior of Liaoning Rural Tourists

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英杰

    2011-01-01

    With Liaoning Province for example, a series of consumption behaviors of the rural tourist including their cognitive demand, material collection, purchase decision and post-purchase behaviors were analyzed and studied, the behavior pattern of rural tourists and the interrelationships between tourist behaviors and demographic characters were summed up, based on which some measures were proposed to promote the sustainable development rural tourism.%以辽宁省为例,对乡村旅游者的需求认知、资料搜集、购买决策和购买后行为等一系列消费决策行为进行分析研究,总结了旅游者的行为规律,指出了旅游者行为与人口统计学特征的内在互动关系,提出了促进乡村旅游持续发展的改进措施.

  12. 华东地区丝绸产品消费者行为研究%Research on Consumer Behavior of Silk Products in East China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王铭琦; 吴佳莲

    2012-01-01

    基于消费者行为学和品牌营销相关理论,对华东地区的丝绸产品消费者的行为进行了调研分析,根据其生活方式进行市场细分,建立了丝绸产品消费者的行为模型,使用因子分析和聚类分析方法将消费者细分为2类:“自我追求型”和“时尚社交型”,描述了其各自的行为特征,为丝绸产品的营销战略提供依据.%Based on the theories of consumer behavior and brand marketing, this paper analyzed the consumer behavior of silk products in east China, segment market according to their lifestyle, and established the consumer behavior model of silk consuming. Using factor analysis and cluster analysis methods, divided consumers into two categories; "elf-seeking" and "fashionable social " type, and described their respective behavioral characteristics, which could be the basis for the marketing strategy of silk products.

  13. Research on Consumer Behavior in Mobile Internet%移动互联网环境下消费者行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖卫红

    2013-01-01

    The paper compares with consumer behavior characteristics,influence factors,decision making process and behavior mode in traditional market environment and internet.According to precise interaction,personalized features on e commerce,the paper sums up,summarizes and constructs consumer behavior characteristics,influence factors,decision making process model and behavior model on mobile internet.%比较传统市场环境和传统互联网环境下消费者行为特征、影响因素、决策过程与行为模式,根据移动互联网环境下电子商务精准互动、个性化超强等特征,归纳、总结、构建出移动互联网环境下消费者行为特点、影响因素、消费决策过程模型与消费行为模型.

  14. Research on the Present Situation of Procrastination Behavior of Primary School Students%小学生拖延行为的现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2012-01-01

    采用自我修订的拖延调查量表对500名小学生进行测试,旨在了解小学生拖延行为的现状。研究结果表明:(1)小学生普遍存在拖延行为,但他们的拖延程度并不严重,只有极少数小学生存在严重的拖延行为;(2)小学生拖延行为在性别、班干非班干、学业成绩上存在显著差异,在年级和是否独生子女上并无差异。%The investigation was designed to find out the present situation of the procrastination behavior of the primary school students. A total of 500 primary school students were investigated by the reformulated procrastination scale .The results showed that: (1) Procrastination behavior was prevalent in the primary students, but not serious, only a very small number of primary students conducted serious procrastination behavior. (2) There were significant differences of procrastination behavior in the primary school students among gender, class cadres, academic performance, but no differences among grade, only child.

  15. Self-Management for Primary School Students Demonstrating Problem Behavior in Regular Classrooms: Evidence Review of Single-Case Design Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busacca, Margherita L.; Anderson, Angelika; Moore, Dennis W.

    2015-01-01

    This review evaluates self-management literature targeting problem behaviors of primary school students in general education settings. Thirty-one single-case design studies met inclusion criteria, of which 16 demonstrated adequate methodological rigor, according to What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) design standards. Visual analysis and WWC…

  16. Influences of a Socially Interactive Robot on the Affective Behavior of Young Children with Disabilities. Social Robots Research Reports, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunst, Carl J.; Prior, Jeremy; Hamby, Deborah W.; Trivette, Carol M.

    2013-01-01

    Findings from two studies of 11 young children with autism, Down syndrome, or attention deficit disorders investigating the effects of Popchilla, a socially interactive robot, on the children's affective behavior are reported. The children were observed under two conditions, child-toy interactions and child-robot interactions, and ratings of child…

  17. Annual Research Review: Embracing Not Erasing Contextual Variability in Children's Behavior--Theory and Utility in the Selection and Use of Methods and Informants in Developmental Psychopathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dirks, Melanie A.; De Los Reyes, Andres; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret; Cella, David; Wakschlag, Lauren S.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the selection and use of multiple methods and informants for the assessment of disruptive behavior syndromes and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, providing a critical discussion of (a) the bidirectional linkages between theoretical models of childhood psychopathology and current assessment techniques; and (b) current…

  18. Using Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, and Control Mastery Prototypes to Predict Change: A New Look at an Old Paradigm for Long-Term Single-Case Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pole, Nnamdi; Ablon, J. Stuart; O'Connor, Lynn E.

    2008-01-01

    This article illustrates a method of testing models of change in individual long-term psychotherapy cases. A depressed client was treated with 208 sessions of control mastery therapy (CMT), an unmanualized approach that integrates elements of psychodynamic therapy (PDT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Panels of experts developed prototypes…

  19. A Review of the Quality of Behaviorally-Based Intervention Research to Improve Social Interaction Skills of Children with ASD in Inclusive Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, Síglia Pimentel Höher; Rispoli, Mandy; Ganz, Jennifer; Hong, Ee Rea; Davis, Heather; Mason, Rose

    2014-01-01

    Students with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) often have difficulties in social interaction skills, which may prevent their successful inclusion in general education placements. Behaviorally-based social skills interventions have been shown to be effective in attenuating such difficulties in these environments. In light of the increasing number…

  20. Behavioral intervention on prevention of coronary heart disease in nursing research%行为干预对预防冠心病的护理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦淑燕; 罗敏婵; 梁连英

    2010-01-01

    Objective To examine the preventive effect on coronary heart disease through the intervention of bad behavior in patients with coronary heart disease. Methods A total of 120 eases were randomly selected, their bad behavior were intervene in the hospital and further consultation with a doctor within one year, to conduct a quarterly survey to observe the situation before and after intervention. Results The patients' bad behavior decreased after the behavioral interventions, including emotional control, irrational diet, smoking,patterns of life, physical activity ete, and the treatment compliance was increased. The patients'symptoms with high blood cholesterol, high blood sugar, high blood pressure and angina were decreased significantly, the recrudescence significantly was decreased, the recurrence interval time wasprolonged. Conclusions Patients with behavioral intervention can promote the establishment of a healthy behavior, in improve the non - compliance behaviors of coronary heart disease patients effectively and conducive to the prevention and delay the.development of coronary heart disease.%目的 通过对冠心病患者不良行为进行干预,探讨对冠心病的预防效果.方法 随机选取住院患者120例,住院时和出院后1年内每次复诊对患者的行为方式、遵医行为进行教育,每季度进行1次调查问卷,观察干预前后的情况.结果 行为干预后,患者情绪控制力、不合理饮食、吸烟、生活规律、体育锻炼的不良行为下降,遵医行为上升,患者高血脂、高血糖、高血压和心绞痛等症状明显下降,复发次数明显减少,间隔时间明显延长.结论 行为干预可促进患者建立健康的行为方式,有效地改善冠心病病人的不遵医行为,有利于冠心病的预防和延缓发展.