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Sample records for begets high-frequency magnetism

  1. High-frequency magnetic components

    CERN Document Server

    Kazimierczuk, Marian K

    2013-01-01

    A unique text on the theory and design fundaments of inductors and transformers, updated with more coverage on the optimization of magnetic devices and many new design examples The first edition is popular among a very broad audience of readers in different areas of engineering and science. This book covers the theory and design techniques of the major types of high-frequency power inductors and transformers for a variety of applications, including switching-mode power supplies (SMPS) and resonant dc-to-ac power inverters and dc-to-dc power converters. It describes eddy-current phenomena (su

  2. Ultra-high frequency magnetic resonance imaging

    OpenAIRE

    Magill, Arthur W.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis addresses the problem of radiofrequency probe design for Ultra High Frequency Magnetic Resonance Imaging (7T). The signal-to-noise ratio available in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is determined by the static magnetic field strength, causing a continued drive toward higher fields to enable faster image acquisition at finer spatial resolution. The resonant frequency increases linearly with static field strength. At 7T the proton resonant frequency is 300MHz, with a wavelength...

  3. High frequency processes in magnetic materials

    CERN Document Server

    Srinivasan, G

    1995-01-01

    This review volume deals with recent advances in topics of importance to scientists and engineers involved in research and device development utilizing magnetic oxides and multilayers. The subject matter covered includes linear and nonlinear high frequency magnetic excitations and interaction between magnons and photons. In particular, this book contains detailed discussion on the detection of magnons by Brillouin light scattering and photothermal spectroscopy, interaction between spin waves and optical guided modes, microwave solitons, and spin wave instabilities. Recent advances in tradition

  4. High-frequency behavior of magnetic composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper reviews recent progress in the field of microwave magnetic properties of composites. The problem under discussion is developing composites with high microwave permeability that are needed in many applications. The theory of magnetic composites is briefly sketched with the attention paid to the laws governing the magnetic frequency dispersion in magnetic materials and basic mixing rules for composites. Recent experimental reports on the microwave performance of magnetic composites, as well as data on the agreement of the mixing rules with the measured permeability of composites that are available from the literature are discussed. From the data, a conclusion is made that the validity of a mixing rule is determined by the permeability contrast in the composite, i.e., the difference between permeability of inclusions and that of the host matrix. When the contrast is low, the Maxwell Garnet mixing rule is frequently valid. When the contrast is high, which is of the most interest for obtaining high microwave permeability of a composite, no conventionally accepted theory is capable of accurately predicting the permeability of the composites. Therefore, the mixing rules do not allow the microwave properties of magnetic composites to be predicted when the permeability of inclusions is high, that is the case of the most interest. Because of that, general limitations to the microwave performance of composites are of importance. In particular, an important relation constraining the microwave permeability of composites follows from Kittel's theory of ferromagnetic resonance and analytical properties of frequency dependence of permeability. Another constraint concerning the bandwidth of electromagnetic wave absorbers follows from the Kramers-Kronig relations for the reflection coefficient. The constraints are of importance in design and analysis of electromagnetic wave absorbers and other devices that employ the microwave magnetic properties of composites, such as

  5. High-frequency response of nanostructured magnetic materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports a brief overview on recent developments regarding the high-frequency response in the GHz range of nanostructured magnetic materials. Emphasis is placed on the linear regime in the frequency domain characterized by the dynamic susceptibility spectrum. Some modeling tools and experimental probes allowing determination of the dynamic susceptibility spectrum are first rapidly reviewed and their respective advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Next, some illustrative examples of the high-frequency response of nanopatterned materials based on recent works are presented. The role played by the shape of the element on the characteristics of excitation spectrum is underlined. Lastly, some prospects are proposed and promising trends are highlighted.

  6. High Frequency Amplitude Detector for GMI Magnetic Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aktham Asfour

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A new concept of a high-frequency amplitude detector and demodulator for Giant-Magneto-Impedance (GMI sensors is presented. This concept combines a half wave rectifier, with outstanding capabilities and high speed, and a feedback approach that ensures the amplitude detection with easily adjustable gain. The developed detector is capable of measuring high-frequency and very low amplitude signals without the use of diode-based active rectifiers or analog multipliers. The performances of this detector are addressed throughout the paper. The full circuitry of the design is given, together with a comprehensive theoretical study of the concept and experimental validation. The detector has been used for the amplitude measurement of both single frequency and pulsed signals and for the demodulation of amplitude-modulated signals. It has also been successfully integrated in a GMI sensor prototype. Magnetic field and electrical current measurements in open- and closed-loop of this sensor have also been conducted.

  7. High-frequency modes of a magnetic antivortex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asmat-Uceda, Martin; Riley, Grant; Haldar, Arabinda; Buchanan, Kristen

    2015-03-01

    Magnetic vortices have attracted considerable attention in recent years not only because of their interesting physical properties but also due to their potential for applications. The magnetic antivortex (AV), the topological counterpart of the magnetic vortex, possesses similarly rich dynamics and its spin configuration may prove advantageous for spin-wave-based devices, however, it has not been studied as intensely. Recent experiments show that AV's will form naturally at the intersections of patterned pound-key-like nanostructures that are magnetically soft. Here we present micromagnetic simulations of the dynamics of AV's in these structures. The simulations show that pound-key-like structures made of 30-nm thick Permalloy exhibit a complex dynamic profile that includes a number of discrete high-frequency modes (>1 GHz). Spatial maps of the dynamic modes that were constructed using Fourier analysis of the simulation results show modes that are in similar in character to the radial and azimuthal modes observed for magnetic vortices but the spin dynamics also differ from those of a vortex due to the presence of the elongated nanowires in the pound-key-like structure. The frequencies of the observed modes tend to decrease with increasing sample size, however, the general features of the modes remains relatively unaffected by the structure size. The simulations will be compared to Brillouin Light Scattering (BLS) experimental results. This work was supported by the US DOE-BES Award #ER 46854.

  8. Peculiarities of extra high frequency magnetoimpedance in magnetic nanostructures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The work presents a review of the comprehensive researches of dynamic properties of electron system in low dimensional magnetic nanostructures. Namely we discuss here the results of study of multilayered and granular low dimension magnets, demonstrating the Giant Magnetic Resistance (GMR) and Giant Magnetic Impedance (GMI) phenomena. We applied the Electron Spin Resonance (Ferromagnetic Resonance) technique and the method of non-resonance absorption of wavelength of millimeter waveband. Results obtained by these two methods are compared with study of GMR effect (which is conversed into Tunnel Magnetic Resistance (TMR) effect for granular systems). Special experimental cells have been designed for various specimens and for operation at 20-100 GHz with the aim to carry out static and dynamic experiments in the same experimental cycle. These quasi optical resonators provide the load quality factor between 3 000 and 25 000. The technique and installation designed allowed define the magnetization for various types of Co- and Fe- nanogranular structures [1]. The certain correlation between magneto impedance (magnetoresistance) and the magnetic structure of the specimen has been detected and the physical model was suggested. The shape of magnetic particles, forming the granular nanostructure was defined on the base of the joint FMR/GMI researches. It was shown that majority of the particles have ellipsoidal shape with some definite relation between axes. The main axis of each of these ellipsoids is stretched in the surface of the specimen and demonstrate one-to-one mapping with the magnetic anisotropy field. The numerical statistical simulation of FMR- absorption in multicomponent nanomagnetic structures has been performed. The modified Monte-Carlo technique [2] was applied for description of Fe-Co multilayered system. The magnitude of the packing density for magnetic atoms was estimated. [1] S.Tarapov, T.Bagmut, A.Granovsky, V.Derkach, S.Nedukh, A.Plevako, S

  9. Motion behavior of non-metallic particles under high frequency magnetic field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhong-tao; GUO Qing-tao; YU Feng-yun; LI Jie; ZHANG Jian; LI Ting-ju

    2009-01-01

    Non-metallic particles, especially alumina, are the main inclusions in aluminum and its alloys. Numerical simulation and the corresponding experiments were carried out to study the motion behavior of alumina particles in commercial pure aluminum under high frequency magnetic field. At the meantime, multi-pipe experiment was also done to discuss the prospect of continuous elimination of non-metallic particles under high frequency magnetic field. It is shown that: 1) results of numerical simulation are in good agreement with the experimental results, which certificates the rationality of the simulation model; 2) when the intensity of high frequency magnetic field is 0.06 T, the 30 μm alumina particles in melt inner could migrate to the edge and be removed within 2 s; 3) multi-pipe elimination of alumina particles under high frequency magnetic field is also effective and has a good prospect in industrial application.

  10. PWM high frequency oscillator in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article we propose a new architecture for pulsed oscillator, in the area of radio frequency (RF), which operates with pulses of few microseconds in spectrometers of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Pulsed. This new topology substitutes the classic amplifying systems with valves by field effect semiconductors of the type MOS-FET channel N, allowing a larger compacting and efficiency. This oscillator possibly reaching potencies of the order of 103 Watts at a low cost. (author)

  11. High frequency electromagnetic interference shielding magnetic polymer nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Qingliang

    Electromagnetic interference is one of the most concerned pollution and problem right now since more and more electronic devices have been extensively utilized in our daily lives. Besides the interference, long time exposure to electromagnetic radiation may also result in severe damage to human body. In order to mitigate the undesirable part of the electromagnetic wave energy and maintain the long term sustainable development of our modern civilized society, new technology development based researches have been made to solve this problem. However, one of the major challenges facing to the electromagnetic interference shielding is the relatively low shielding efficiency and the high cost as well as the complicated shielding material manufacture. From the materials science point of view, the key solutions to these challenges are strongly depended on the breakthrough of the current limit of shielding material design and manufacture (such as hierarchical material design with controllable and predictable arrangement in nanoscale particle configuration via an easy in-situ manner). From the chemical engineering point of view, the upgrading of advanced material shielding performance and the enlarged production scale for shielding materials (for example, configure the effective components in the shielding material in order to lower their usage, eliminate the "rate-limiting" step to enlarge the production scale) are of great importance. In this dissertation, the design and preparation of morphology controlled magnetic nanoparticles and their reinforced polypropylene polymer nanocomposites will be covered first. Then, the functionalities of these polymer nanocomposites will be demonstrated. Based on the innovative materials design and synergistic effect on the performance advancement, the magnetic polypropylene polymer nanocomposites with desired multifunctionalities are designed and produced targeting to the electromagnetic interference shielding application. In addition

  12. Soft Magnetic Materials in High-Frequency, High-Power Conversion Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leary, AM; Ohodnicki, PR; McHenry, ME

    2012-07-04

    Advanced soft magnetic materials are needed to match high-power density and switching frequencies made possible by advances in wide band-gap semiconductors. Magnetics capable of operating at higher operating frequencies have the potential to greatly reduce the size of megawatt level power electronics. In this article, we examine the role of soft magnetic materials in high-frequency power applications and we discuss current material's limitations and highlight emerging trends in soft magnetic material design for high-frequency and power applications using the materials paradigm of synthesis -> structure -> property -> performance relationships.

  13. Soft Magnetic Materials in High-Frequency, High-Power Conversion Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Alex M.; Ohodnicki, Paul R.; McHenry, Michael E.

    2012-07-01

    Advanced soft magnetic materials are needed to match high-power density and switching frequencies made possible by advances in wide band-gap semiconductors. Magnetics capable of operating at higher operating frequencies have the potential to greatly reduce the size of megawatt level power electronics. In this article, we examine the role of soft magnetic materials in high-frequency power applications and we discuss current material's limitations and highlight emerging trends in soft magnetic material design for high-frequency and power applications using the materials paradigm of synthesis → structure → property → performance relationships.

  14. Determination of the High Frequency Inductance Profile of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Kaiyuan; Rasmussen, Peter Omand; Ritchie, Ewen

    2008-01-01

    ) synchronous motors. This paper presents an AC+DC measurement method for determination of the d-axis and q-axis high frequency inductance profiles of SMPM synchronous motors. This method uses DC currents to set a desired magnetic working point on the motor laminations, and then superimpose balanced small AC......Accurate knowledge of the high frequency inductance profile plays an important role in many designs of sensorless controllers for Surface inductance. A special algorithm is used to decouple the cross-coupling effects between the d-axis and the q-axis, which allows Mounted Permanent Magnet (SMPM...

  15. Influence on cell death of high frequency motion of magnetic nanoparticles during magnetic hyperthermia experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallali, N.; Clerc, P.; Fourmy, D.; Gigoux, V.; Carrey, J.

    2016-07-01

    Studies with transplanted tumors in animals and clinical trials have provided the proof-of-concept of magnetic hyperthermia (MH) therapy of cancers using iron oxide nanoparticles. Interestingly, in several studies, the application of an alternating magnetic field (AMF) to tumor cells having internalized and accumulated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) into their lysosomes can induce cell death without detectable temperature increase. To explain these results, among other hypotheses, it was proposed that cell death could be due to the high-frequency translational motion of MNPs under the influence of the AMF gradient generated involuntarily by most inductors. Such mechanical actions of MNPs might cause cellular damages and participate in the induction of cell death under MH conditions. To test this hypothesis, we developed a setup maximizing this effect. It is composed of an anti-Helmholtz coil and two permanent magnets, which produce an AMF gradient and a superimposed static MF. We have measured the MNP heating power and treated tumor cells by a standard AMF and by an AMF gradient, on which was added or not a static magnetic field. We showed that the presence of a static magnetic field prevents MNP heating and cell death in standard MH conditions. The heating power of MNPs in an AMF gradient is weak, position-dependent, and related to the presence of a non-zero AMF. Under an AMF gradient and a static field, no MNP heating and cell death were measured. Consequently, the hypothesis that translational motions could be involved in cell death during MH experiments is ruled out by our experiments.

  16. Design and calibration of high-frequency magnetic probes for the SUNIST spherical tokamak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yangqing; Tan, Yi; Pan, Ou; Ke, Rui; Wang, Wenhao; Gao, Zhe

    2014-11-01

    A new high-frequency magnetic diagnostic system is designed, installed, and calibrated in the Sino-United Spherical Tokamak (SUNIST) to investigate Alfvén waves (AWs). The system consists of a fixed toroidal array and a movable radial array of high-frequency magnetic probes (HFMPs) with 21 and 60 probes, respectively. Based on the method of vacuum enameled wire wound on ceramic bobbins, the fixed toroidal array is located as near as possible to the plasma and carefully shielded to reduce the attenuation of high-frequency magnetic field. Meanwhile, by using the technology of commercial chip inductors mounted on printed circuit boards, the movable radial array is inserted into a thin quartz tube that allows positioning along radial direction. A Helmholtz coil is utilized to calibrate the effective areas as well as the frequency response of each HFMP. The calibration results are consistent with the calculated results of an equivalent probe-and-cable circuit model. High-frequency magnetic signals related to AW are detected with these HFMPs. These HFMPs are expected to play a key role in analyzing Alfvén eigenmodes excited by AW antenna in the SUNIST. PMID:25430367

  17. High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the cerebellum and implicit processing of happy facial expressions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schutter, D.J.L.G.; Enter, D.; Hoppenbrouwers, S.S.

    2009-01-01

    Background Previous research has demonstrated that the cerebellum is involved in emotive and cognitive processes. Furthermore, recent findings suggest high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the cerebellum has mood-improving properties. We sought to further explore the

  18. Enhanced current quantization in high-frequency electron pumps in a perpendicular magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present experimental results of high-frequency quantized charge pumping through a quantum dot formed by the electric field arising from applied voltages in a GaAs/AlGaAs system in the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field B. Clear changes are observed in the quantized current plateaus as a function of applied magnetic field. We report on the robustness in the length of the quantized plateaus and improvements in the quantization as a result of the applied B field

  19. High frequency magnetic properties of FeCoSiB thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadimani, Ravi; Han, Mangui; Jiles, David; Magnetics Research Group Team; Han Team, Prof.

    2014-03-01

    Currently, high frequency properties of magnetic materials are critical for the performances of many mobile electronic devices. Larger permeability can be obtained in ferromagnetic thin films that are suitable for high frequency applications. We report the high frequency properties of FeCoSiB thin films with different treatments and with different structures (single layer or FeCoBSi/SiO2 multilayer). For instance, we have studied the annealing effects on the microwave permeability values. It is found that the as-prepared films and films annealed at 300 °C for 1 hour are found in amorphous states and to be anisotropic in static magnetic properties. Nanocrystalline grains have been found in the films annealed at 400 °C for 1 hour, which are isotropic in magnetic properties. With increasing the annealing temperature, the coercivity and saturation magnetic fields are found decreasing. The resonance frequency shows the same varying trend as the saturation magnetic fields. Very large microwave magnetic losses have been found in all the films, which indicate that FeCoSiB films have potential applications in microwave noise attenuation. This work was supported by the Research Fund for International Young Scientists of NSFC (No. 61250110544), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61271039), and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Universities (NCET-11-0060).

  20. Investigation of Plasma Interaction with a High-Frequency Magnetic Field Increasing Toward the Periphery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental investigation of the method of stabilizing a straight plasma column with a current by a high-frequency magnetic multipole field has demonstrated that a stabilized pinch may be observed only with a sufficiently high rate of increase in the current through the plasma. The rapid increase in current leads to the fact that the stable pinch exists for only a short time (up to 10 microsec ). Further investigations have basically been aimed at discovering the conditions of formation of the pinch in a high-frequency field and the cause for its decay. The observed stabilization effect was studied both in systems with a self excited oscillator and in systems with an impulse excited oscillator. In both cases experience indicates essential dependence of the observed effect on the highfrequency discharge stage with which the discharge forming the plasma column begins. Obviously, the processes which take place in the high-frequency discharge excited by the currents in the stabilizing rods also have a noticeable effect on constriction of the plasma and on confining the plasma column. The research which has been performed has been partially devoted to probe type measurements of the magnetic field and spectral measurements of the density of the high-frequency discharge plasma. It has been demonstrated that in the absence of a discharge current in sufficiently powerful high-frequency discharge the plasma is concentrated near the axis. A longitudinal quasistationary magnetic field also appears in the high-frequency discharge. In the previous research the results of the observations were quantitatively compared with the theory of the dynamic stabilization technique under the assumption that the most dangerous deformation of the plasma column is the deformation with the wavelength, which is the maximum possible in the device; that is, it is twice the electrode spacing ℓe. The investigations have demonstrated that the observed stabilization effect does not depend on

  1. Can magnetic noise from Kondo traps explain high frequency flux noise in superconducting qubits?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias da Silva, Luis; de Sousa, Rogerio

    2015-03-01

    In solid state devices, charge and magnetic noise have common microscopic origin. Both occur due to the presence of Kondo traps nearby metallic wires. We use numerical renormalization group calculations to show that, despite their common origin, charge and magnetic noise have opposing behavior controlled by completely different energy scales. While magnetic noise follows an universal scaling with the Kondo temperature, charge noise remains well described by non-interacting theory even when the trap is deep into the Kondo regime. We show how these results may explain the high frequency (f= 1-10 GHz) Ohmic flux noise observed in SQUIDs and superconducting qubits. LGDS acknowledges support from Brazilian agencies FAPESP (2013/50220-7), CNPq (307107/2013-2) and PRP-USP NAP-QNano. RdS acknowledges support from the Canadian program NSERC-Discovery and a FAPESP-UVic exchange award.

  2. Magnetic properties and high frequency characteristics of FeCoAlON alloy films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Kuohai; Yang, Shengsheng [Science and Technology on Vacuum & Cryogenics Technology and Physics Laboratory, Lanzhou Institute of Physics, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zheng, Fu; Luo, Feilong; Bai, Jianmin; Cao, Jiangwei [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Research Institute of Magnetic Materials, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Wei, Fulin, E-mail: weifl@lzu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Research Institute of Magnetic Materials, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2015-06-15

    In this work, we report the magnetic properties, domain structures and high frequency properties of FeCoAlON alloy films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering. With increasing N addition content, the films transfer from in-plane anisotropic properties to isotropic behavior. The obvious stripe domain structure is observed in the films with high N content, and the domain parameters depend on the thickness of the films. The XRD analysis indicates that the stripe domain may origin from the stress-induced perpendicular anisotropy by Al, O and N addition. Meanwhile, a double-peak resonance behavior is observed in the permeability spectra of the films with stripe domain structure.

  3. Magnetic properties and high frequency characteristics of FeCoAlON alloy films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we report the magnetic properties, domain structures and high frequency properties of FeCoAlON alloy films prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering. With increasing N addition content, the films transfer from in-plane anisotropic properties to isotropic behavior. The obvious stripe domain structure is observed in the films with high N content, and the domain parameters depend on the thickness of the films. The XRD analysis indicates that the stripe domain may origin from the stress-induced perpendicular anisotropy by Al, O and N addition. Meanwhile, a double-peak resonance behavior is observed in the permeability spectra of the films with stripe domain structure

  4. Determination of High-Frequency d- and q-axis Inductances for Surface-Mounted Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Kaiyuan; Vetuschi, M.; Rasmussen, Peter Omand;

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a reliable method for the experimental determination of high-frequency d- and q -axis inductances for surface-mounted permanent-magnet synchronous machines (SMPMSMs). Knowledge of the high-frequency d- and q-axis inductances plays an important role in the efficient design of...

  5. In vitro cytotoxicity of Fe–Cr–Nb–B magnetic nanoparticles under high frequency electromagnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiriac, Horia, E-mail: hchiriac@phys-iasi.ro [National Institute of Research and Development for Technical Physics, Iasi (Romania); Petreus, Tudor; Carasevici, Eugen [“Gr.T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi (Romania); Labusca, Luminita; Herea, Dumitru-Daniel; Danceanu, Camelia; Lupu, Nicoleta [National Institute of Research and Development for Technical Physics, Iasi (Romania)

    2015-04-15

    The heating potential, cytotoxicity, and efficiency of Fe{sub 68.2}Cr{sub 11.5}Nb{sub 0.3}B{sub 20} magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), as such or coated with a chitosan layer, to decrease the cell viability in a cancer cell culture model by using high frequency alternating magnetic fields (AMF) have been studied. The specific absorption rate varied from 215 W/g for chitosan-free MNPs to about 190 W/g for chitosan-coated ones, and an equilibrium temperature of 46 °C was reached when chitosan-coated MNPs were subjected to AMF. The chitosan-free Fe{sub 68.2}Cr{sub 11.5}Nb{sub 0.3}B{sub 20} MNPs proved a good biocompatibility and low cytotoxicity in all testing conditions, while the chitosan-coated ones induced strong tumoricidal effects when a cell–particle simultaneous co-incubation approach was used. In high frequency AMF, the particle-mediated heat treatment has proved to be a critical cause for decreasing in vitro the viability of a cancer cell line.

  6. Complex high-frequency magnetization dynamics and magnetoimpedance in thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, R.B. da [Departamento de Fisica, CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil)]. E-mail: rbarreto1975@gmail.com; Viegas, A.D.C. [Departamento de Fisica, CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Correa, M.A. [Departamento de Fisica, CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Andrade, A.M.H. de [Departamento de Fisica, CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900 Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Sommer, R.L. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas-CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2006-10-01

    High-frequency differential magnetic permeability and magnetoimpedance measurements were performed in Fe{sub 73.5}Cu{sub 1}Nb{sub 3}Si{sub 13.5}B{sub 9} as-made and annealed thin films at frequencies up to 1.8 GHz. The results show complex dynamical properties characterized by multiple ferromagnetic resonance modes at relatively low frequencies for the amorphous as-made sample. After the thermal treatments, the resonance frequencies increase drastically exceeding the upper limit of 1.8 GHz for our equipment. This increase can possibly associated to higher local magnetic fields that are, in turn, associated to the formation of nanocrystalline grains randomly oriented.

  7. Magnetic properties and high frequency characteristics of FeCoN thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Tae-Jong; Lee, Joonsik; Kim, Ki Hyeon; Kim, Dong Ho

    2016-05-01

    (Fe65Co35)N soft magnetic thin films were prepared by reactive RF magnetron sputtering with the sputtering power of 100 W on thermally oxidized Si substrate in various nitrogen partial pressures (PN2). A strong uniaxial in-plane magnetic anisotropy with the easy-axis coercive field as low as 1˜2 Oe was observed in films grown at PN2 in the range from 3.3% to 5.5%. The saturation magnetizations for those films were about 20 KG. Outside this range, almost isotropic magnetization curves were observed. Vector network analyzer and grounded coplanar waveguide were used to measure the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) signals up to 25 GHz. The FMR signals were detected only in anisotropic films and their FMR frequencies were well fit to the Kittel formula. The obtained g-values and damping parameters at magnetic fields >20 kOe for films grown at PN2 of 3.3%, 4.8% and 5.5% were 1.96, 1.86, 1.92 and 0.0055, 0.0047, 0.0046, respectively. This low damping factor qualifies FeCoN thin films for high-frequency applications.

  8. Transformation of magnetic structure in amorphous microwires inducedby temperature and high frequency magnetic field

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chizhik, A.; Stupakiewicz, A.; Zablotskyy, Vitaliy A.; Tekielak, M.; Stupakevich, V.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 632, May (2015), 520-527. ISSN 0925-8388 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-18993S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : amorphous magnetic wire * magnetization * hysteresis * magneto -optical Kerr effect Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.999, year: 2014

  9. Effect of Additives on Magnetic Properties of High Frequency MnZn Power Ferrite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Zhong; LAN Zhongwen; WANG Jingmei; ZHANG Yidong; WANG Haocai

    2004-01-01

    The effect of additives,such as CaO and V2O5 on the magnetic properties of high frequency MnZn power ferrite is studied by the conventional ceramic process.As a result,the grain boundary resistivity increases and the power loss declines with the addition of CaO enriched at the grain boundary.By adding an optimum amount of V2O5 which acts indirectly via liquid phase formation and influences the microstructural development during sintering,the crystalline grain of ferrite was refined,the porosity decreases,the amount of grain boundary and the grain boundary resistivity increased,so the power loss is suppressed.

  10. Effect of sintering process on microstructure and magnetic properties of high frequency power ferrite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ke; LAN Zhongwen; CHEN Shengming; SUN Yueming; YU Zhong

    2006-01-01

    An oxide ceramic process was adopted to prepare high frequency manganese-zinc (MnZn) power ferrite. In combination with the microstructure analysis of material, the influences of sintering process on initial permeability (μi) and high frequency loss in unit volume (Pcv) of MnZn power ferrite were investigated. The results show that in order to obtain fine microstructure and high frequency properties, the preferable sintering temperature and atmosphere are 1230 ℃ and oxygen partial pressure ( PO2) of 4%, respectively.

  11. High frequency magnetic field technique: mathematical modelling and development of a full scale water fraction meter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cimpan, Emil

    2004-09-15

    This work is concerned with the development of a new on-line measuring technique to be used in measurements of the water concentration in a two component oil/water or three component (i.e. multiphase) oil/water/gas flow. The technique is based on using non-intrusive coil detectors and experiments were performed both statically (medium at rest) and dynamically (medium flowing through a flow rig). The various coil detectors were constructed with either one or two coils and specially designed electronics were used. The medium was composed by air, machine oil, and water having different conductivity values, i.e. seawater and salt water with various conductivities (salt concentrations) such as 1 S/m, 4.9 S/m and 9.3 S/m. The experimental measurements done with the different mixtures were further used to mathematically model the physical principle used in the technique. This new technique is based on measuring the coil impedance and signal frequency at the self-resonance frequency of the coil to determine the water concentration in the mix. By using numerous coils it was found, experimentally, that generally both the coil impedance and the self-resonance frequency of the coil decreased as the medium conductivity increased. Both the impedance and the self-resonance frequency of the coil depended on the medium loss due to the induced eddy currents within the conductive media in the mixture, i.e. water. In order to detect relatively low values of the medium loss, the self-resonance frequency of the coil and also of the magnetic field penetrating the media should be relatively high (within the MHz range and higher). Therefore, the technique was called and referred to throughout the entire work as the high frequency magnetic field technique (HFMFT). To practically use the HFMFT, it was necessary to circumscribe an analytical frame to this technique. This was done by working out a mathematical model that relates the impedance and the self-resonance frequency of the coil to the

  12. On the influence of a high-frequency electric field on the exchange interaction in magnetic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladkov, S. O.

    1992-03-01

    It is shown that the presence of a high-frequency electric field E( t) strongly influences the exchange interaction magnitude Jex. It is noted that due to this circumstance the liquid crystallization temperature or the phase transition temperature in magnetic substances can be changed, by varying the frequency ω and the amplitude of the external electric field E0. The dependence Jex(ω, E0) is determined.

  13. High frequency characteristics of FeCoAlO thin films combined the effects of stress and magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The soft magnetic FeCoAlO thin films with different response at high frequency were prepared by using RF magnetron sputtering. Two different configurations of the sputtering targets were used: the Al2O3 chips were placed on Fe70Co30 disk either uniformly dispersed on the sputtering area (Target-A) or dispersed on the half side of the sputtering area (Target-B). It was found that, although, the films deposited from both of Target A and B possessed good soft magnetic properties and in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy, they showed different behaviors at high frequency. The films deposited by using Target-A have mean permeability of 500 and a cut-off frequency (fr) of around 780 MHz, while the films deposited by using Target-B have mean permeability of 200 and a fr of 3.4 GHz. The higher fr of the later corresponds to the higher uniaxial anisotropic field in the films deposited by using the Target-B, which due to an extra anisotropy induced by the stress resulted from gradient of the Al-O composition. By adjusting the configuration of Target-B, the permeability and fr can be tuned to satisfy the different requirements for certain industrial applications.

  14. Electron gas high-frequency conductivity on the surface of a nanotube with superlattice in magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermolaev, A.M., E-mail: alexander.m.ermolaev@univer.kharkov.ua; Rashba, G.I., E-mail: georgiy.i.rashba@univer.kharkov.ua

    2014-10-15

    Kubo formula was obtained for conductivity tensor of electron gas on the surface of nanotube with superlattice in magnetic field. The high-frequency conductivity tensor components were calculated for quantum and quasiclassical cases. Electromagnetic wave Landau damping areas in the tube were determined. The conductivity tensor components show Aharonov–Bohm type oscillations and de Haas–van Alphen ones. When Fermi energy exceeds the miniband width, beatings are observed in the plot of conductivity vs. the tube parameters. Otherwise, the beatings are absent.

  15. Continuous Separation of Inclusions from Aluminum Melt Flowing in a Circular Pipe using a High Frequency Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The continuous separation of inclusions from aluminum melt flowing in a circular pipe using a high frequency magneticfield was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. The separation efficiency was calculated based on thetrajectory method and compared with experimental results. lt is found that the separation efficiency is a function ofnondimensional parameters ti @ d2B2/μfμea2 and a /δ The effective way to improve the separation efficiency is to increasethe effective magnetic flux density and decrease the pipe radius, and the value of a/δ should be kept about 2 in orderto obtain the optimum separation efficiency.

  16. Experimental and numerical results of a high frequency rotating active magnetic refrigerator

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano, Jaime; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Bahl, Christian; Nielsen, Kaspar Kirstein; Barbosa Jr., J.R.; Prata, A. T.; Pryds, Nini

    2012-01-01

    Experimental results for a recently developed prototype magnetic refrigeration device at The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) were obtained and compared with numerical simulation results. A continuously rotating active magnetic regenerator (AMR) using 2.8 kg packed sphere regenerators of commercial grade gadolinium (Gd) was employed. With operating frequencies up to 10 Hz and volumetric flow rates up to 600 L/h, the prototype has shown high performance and the results are consistent with...

  17. Experimental and numerical results of a high frequency rotating active magnetic refrigerator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lozano, Jaime; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Bahl, Christian;

    2012-01-01

    Experimental results for a recently developed prototype magnetic refrigeration device at The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) were obtained and compared with numerical simulation results. A continuously rotating active magnetic regenerator (AMR) using 2.8 kg packed sphere regenerators of...... function of cycle frequency was determined. It was found that thermal losses increase as the frequency increases. Therefore, a detailed study of these parasitic losses was carried out experimentally and numerically....

  18. High frequency magnetic fluctuations correlated with the inter-ELM pedestal evolution in ASDEX Upgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laggner, F. M.; Wolfrum, E.; Cavedon, M.; Mink, F.; Viezzer, E.; Dunne, M. G.; Manz, P.; Doerk, H.; Birkenmeier, G.; Fischer, R.; Fietz, S.; Maraschek, M.; Willensdorfer, M.; Aumayr, F.; the EUROfusion MST1 Team; the ASDEX Upgrade Team

    2016-06-01

    In order to understand the mechanisms that determine the structure of the high confinement mode (H-mode) pedestal, the evolution of the plasma edge electron density and temperature profiles between edge localised modes (ELMs) is investigated. The onset of radial magnetic fluctuations with frequencies above 200 kHz is found to correlate with the stagnation of the electron temperature pedestal gradient. During the presence of these magnetic fluctuations the gradients of the edge electron density and temperature are clamped and stable against the ELM onset. The detected magnetic fluctuation frequency is analysed for a variety of plasma discharges with different electron pressure pedestals. It is shown that the magnetic fluctuation frequency scales with the neoclassically estimated \\text{E} × \\text{B} velocity at the plasma edge. This points to a location of the underlying instability in the gradient region. Furthermore, the magnetic signature of these fluctuations indicates a global mode structure with toroidal mode numbers of approximately 10. The fluctuations are also observed on the high field side with significant amplitude, indicating a mode structure that is symmetric on the low field side and high field side. The associated fluctuations in the current on the high field side might be attributed to either a strong peeling part or the presence of non-adiabatic electron response.

  19. Measurement, comparison, and transformation of dynamic magnetization in pulse field and high-frequency alternating field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodama, K.

    2015-12-01

    Dynamic magnetizations of selected natural samples (sediments and volcanic rocks) were measured in time domain as well as in frequency domain. The time domain measurements were performed in pulse fields with variable lengths (10 μs to 10 ms) and amplitudes (0.5 mT to 0.7 T). To measure hysteresis parameters for small loops, one cycle of positive and negative pulses with different rate of field variation were generated. In the frequency domain, low-field magnetic susceptibility was measured over the frequency rage (1 kHz to 500 kHz) corresponding to the pulse lengths in the time domain measurements. Results in the time domain were characterized by the transient magnetization-field curves that were broadly comparable to the corresponding portions of the hysteresis loops measured by a quasi-static method using a VSM. The dynamic coercivity that is defined as the intersect with the abscissa in the negative regime increased as the pulse length reduced and the pulse peak increased. In strong pulse fields (> 0.5 T), irrespective of the kinds of samples, the magnetization remained at the end of a pulse and decayed exponentially within a few ms, suggesting rapid magnetic relaxations. In weak pulse fields, no such relaxation was observed except for the sediments rich in superparamagnetic (SP) particles. These field dependencies suggest that the relaxations in the strong fields could be due to the dynamics of the domain walls in the MD particles, while those of the sediments in weak fields may be ascribed to the relaxation of the SP particles. Results in the frequency domain were obtained in terms of the frequency spectrum of the real and imaginary components of complex susceptibility. Comparisons and interpretations of the data in these different domains were made in terms of the distribution of relaxation times. Discussions on the numerical conversion and transformation of these data as well as their rock magnetic applications will be provided.

  20. Polymer Magnetic Composite Core Based Microcoils and Microtransformers for Very High Frequency Power Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saravana Guru Mariappan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a rapid prototyping and a cost effective fabrication process on batch fabricated wafer-level micro inductive components with polymer magnetic composite (PMC cores. The new PMC cores provide a possibility to bridge the gap between the non-magnetic and magnetic core inductive devices in terms of both the operating frequency and electrical performance. An optimized fabrication process of molding, casting, and demolding which uses teflon for the molding tool is presented. High permeability NiFeZn powder was mixed with Araldite epoxy to form high resistive PMC cores. Cylindrical PMC cores having a footprint of 0.79 mm 2 were fabricated with varying percentage of the magnetic powder on FR4 substrates. The core influence on the electrical performance of the inductive elements is discussed. Inductor chips having a solenoidal coil as well as transformer chips with primary and secondary coils wound around each other have been fabricated and evaluated. A core with 65% powder equipped with a solenoid made out of 25 µm thick insulated Au wire having 30 turns, yielded a constant inductance value of 2 µH up to the frequency of 50 MHz and a peak quality factor of 13. A 1:1 transformer with similar PMC core and solenoidal coils having 10 turns yielded a maximum efficiency of 84% and a coupling factor of 96%. In order to protect the solenoids and to increase the mechanical robustness and handling of the chips, a novel process was developed to encapsulate the components with an epoxy based magnetic composite. The effect on the electrical performance through the magnetic composite encapsulation is reported as well.

  1. Experimental and numerical results of a high frequency rotating active magnetic refrigerator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lozano, Jaime; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Bahl, Christian R.H.;

    2014-01-01

    Experimental results for a recently developed prototype magnetic refrigeration device at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) were obtained and compared with numerical simulation results. A continuously rotating active magnetic regenerator (AMR) using 2.8 kg packed sphere regenerators of...... implemented in a one-dimensional numerical AMR model that includes also the parasitic losses from the prototype. The temperature span for a thermal load of 200 W as a function of frequency was measured and modelled. Moreover, the temperature span dependence on the cooling capacity as a function of cycle...

  2. High frequency AC response, DC resistivity and magnetic studies of holmium substituted Ni-ferrite: A novel electromagnetic material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanoparticles of holmium substituted nickel ferrites (NiHoxFe2−xO4) with x ranging from 0.0 to 0.15 have been prepared by the sol–gel auto-combustion method. Structural and morphology studies have been performed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). XRD patterns revealed the formation of pure spinel phase ferrites without any impurity phase. Lattice parameter increases along with a decrease in crystallite size with increasing the concentration of Ho3+ in the parent nickel ferrite due to large ionic radius of Ho3+ (0.901 Å) as compared to Fe3+ (0.67 Å). SEM shows the spherical, uniformly distributed homogenous nanoparticles grown by controlled reaction parameters of the sol–gel method. Complex permittivity (ε*) and complex electric modulus (M*) have been studied for the present nanoferrites in the frequency ranges of 1 MHz–1 GHz. Frequency dependent dielectric parameters (relative permittivity (ε′), dielectric loss (ε″), dielectric loss tangent (tan δ)) decreases due to holmium substitution in nickel ferrites, showing the electrical conduction is decreasing in the nickel holmium ferrites with increase in the concentration of holmium. Complex modulus plots shows the poorly resolved semi circles and relaxation of nanoferrite is studied in the high frequency region. Also the relaxation time increases due to increase in x (0.0–0.15). DC electrical resistivity increases (107 Ω-cm–1010 Ω-cm) due to holmium ions substitution in nickel ferrites. Magnetic behavior was also characterized using a Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) under an applied magnetic field of 10 kOe and shows that magnetization decreases with increase in composition of holmium in nickel ferrites. High frequency behavior, low losses and very high DC electrical resistivity made the material a novel one for electromagnetic devices. - Highlights: • High purity

  3. Static and high frequency magnetic properties of FeGa thin films deposited on convex flexible substrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Ying [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices and Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, Hunan 411105 (China); Zhan, Qingfeng, E-mail: zhanqf@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn; Dai, Guohong; Zuo, Zhenghu; Zhang, Xiaoshan; Liu, Yiwei; Yang, Huali; Zhang, Yao; Wang, Baomin; Li, Run-Wei, E-mail: zhanqf@nimte.ac.cn, E-mail: runweili@nimte.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices and Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Application Technology, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China); Wei, Jinwu; Wang, Jianbo [Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Xie, Shuhong [Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, Hunan 411105 (China)

    2015-04-20

    Magnetostrictive FeGa thin films were deposited on the bowed flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates, which were fixed on the convex mold. A compressive stress was induced in FeGa films when the PET substrates were shaped from convex to flat. Due to the effect of magnetostriction, FeGa films exhibit an obvious in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy which could be enhanced by increasing the applied pre-strains on the substrates during growth. Consequently, the ferromagnetic resonance frequency of the films was significantly increased, but the corresponding initial permeability was decreased. Moreover, the films with pre-strains less than 0.78% exhibit a working bandwidth of microwave absorption about 2 GHz. Our investigations demonstrated a convenient method via the pre-strained substrates to tune the high frequency properties of magnetic thin films which could be applied in flexible microwave devices.

  4. Verification of the reciprocal theorem on polar high-frequency radio paths during magnetic disturbances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blagoveshchensky, D. V.

    2016-01-01

    Two high-latitude high-frequency (HF) paths of oblique-incidence ionospheric sounding were selected: Gor'kovskaya (GRK)-Dixon Island (DIK) and GRK-Lovozero (LOZ).The following propagation parameters were studied: F2MOF and F2MUF for the main signal, F2MOFl for lateral signals, EsMOF for a signal reflected from the sporadic ionospheric layer, and MOFm for the propagation modes of the M (or N) type. Here MOF and MUF are the maximum observed and usable frequencies, respectively. It was found that the reciprocal theorem is satisfied on two radio paths depending on the studied propagation parameter: the path length and location, time of day, and degree of magnetospheric disturbance. It was found that the reciprocal theorem is satisfied in 78, 50, and 30% of cases on the first path for the F2MUF values in the daytime under moderately disturbed conditions, in the morning, and at night, respectively. For the MOFm and moderately disturbed conditions on this path, the reciprocal theorem is satisfied in 40, 35, and 20% of cases in the daytime, morning, and at night, respectively. For the F2MUF values on the second path, reciprocity is satisfied in 73% of cases in the daytime and under moderately disturbed conditions and in 30% of cases at night during a quiet period. On this path, reciprocity is satisfied in 33% of all cases at night under strongly disturbed conditions. An unusual fact was also detected when ionograms of oblique-incidence ionospheric sounding were analyzed: the F2MUF values in the LOZ-GRK direction are almost always slightly (by 1-4%) larger than in the GRK-LOZ direction. A similar difference in the F2MUF values in the forward and backward directions can apparently be explained by the steep horizontal gradient in the electron density distribution from north to south in the reflection region of this path. Such a situation is not observed on the DIK-GRK line.

  5. Soft Magnetic Thin Films FeCoHfO for High-Frequency Noise Suppression Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Guang-Duo; ZHANG Huai-Wu; TANG Xiao-Li

    2010-01-01

    @@ A series of FeCoHfO films were fabricated by dc magnetron reactive sputtering at varying partial pressure of oxygen(Po2)from 0 to 11.7%,and the electrical and magnetic properties of films have been studied.It is shown that optimal Fe43.29 Co19.51 Hf7.49O29.71 films with desired properties can be obtained when the films were prepared under Po2 = 5.1%.

  6. High-frequency EMI noise suppression by polymer-based composite magnetic materials

    OpenAIRE

    Rastislav Dosoudil; Jaroslav Franek; Marianna Usakova; jozef Olah; Jozef Slama

    2008-01-01

    The complex permeability and EM-wave absorption properties of hybrid polymer-based composite magnetic materials (with MnZn and LiZn ferrite fillers and PVC matrix) prepared with constant total filler content (65 vol%) and particle size (0-250 mm) have been investigated in the 1-1000 MHz frequency range. Within this filler concentration the permeability of composites changed continuously with the change of ferrite filler content ratio between two types of ferrite fillers. The obser...

  7. Improved high-frequency soft magnetic properties of FeCo films on organic ferroelectric PVDF substrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Dong; Wang, Zhen; Han, Xuemeng; Li, Yue; Guo, Xiaobin; Zuo, Yalu; Xi, Li, E-mail: xili@lzu.edu.cn

    2015-02-01

    FeCo films with various thicknesses were fabricated by direct-current magnetron sputtering on corning glass and organic ferroelectric PVDF substrates at the same time with 5 nm Ru seed layer and 5 nm Ta protective layer. The in-plane uniaxial anisotropy field of FeCo on glass substrate increases from 24 to 36 Oe with the increase of FeCo film thickness from 5 to 100 nm. However, a large in-plane anisotropy field of FeCo on PVDF substrate increases with FeCo thickness from 5 to 20 nm and gradually decreases with the FeCo thickness further increasing. Atomic force microscope images of FeCo on glass show quite smooth surface with root-mean-square roughness around 0.5 nm and have none visible granules on the surface for all samples. While, AFM images of FeCo on PVDF show quite rough surface with RMS roughness around 25 nm and have visible granules with the smallest granules appearing at the FeCo thickness of 20 nm. The permeability spectra show the typical ferromagnetic resonance phenomenon and can be well fitted by the LLG equation with the obtained experimental parameters. The ferromagnetic resonance frequency can reach 7.0 GHz for the 20 nm FeCo film on PVDF. Moreover, the quality factor of this sample can respectively reach 26, 12 and 7 at 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 GHz, indicating the potential real 3G application for high-frequency devices. - Highlights: 1.Magnetic and morphological properties of FeCo films on PVDF substrates are studied. 2.The large anisotropy field of FeCo films on PVDF is obtained. 3.Improved high frequency properties of FeCo films on flexible substrates are obtained. 4.The origin of improved high frequency properties of FeCo films on PVDF is studied.

  8. Improved high-frequency soft magnetic properties of FeCo films on organic ferroelectric PVDF substrate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FeCo films with various thicknesses were fabricated by direct-current magnetron sputtering on corning glass and organic ferroelectric PVDF substrates at the same time with 5 nm Ru seed layer and 5 nm Ta protective layer. The in-plane uniaxial anisotropy field of FeCo on glass substrate increases from 24 to 36 Oe with the increase of FeCo film thickness from 5 to 100 nm. However, a large in-plane anisotropy field of FeCo on PVDF substrate increases with FeCo thickness from 5 to 20 nm and gradually decreases with the FeCo thickness further increasing. Atomic force microscope images of FeCo on glass show quite smooth surface with root-mean-square roughness around 0.5 nm and have none visible granules on the surface for all samples. While, AFM images of FeCo on PVDF show quite rough surface with RMS roughness around 25 nm and have visible granules with the smallest granules appearing at the FeCo thickness of 20 nm. The permeability spectra show the typical ferromagnetic resonance phenomenon and can be well fitted by the LLG equation with the obtained experimental parameters. The ferromagnetic resonance frequency can reach 7.0 GHz for the 20 nm FeCo film on PVDF. Moreover, the quality factor of this sample can respectively reach 26, 12 and 7 at 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 GHz, indicating the potential real 3G application for high-frequency devices. - Highlights: 1.Magnetic and morphological properties of FeCo films on PVDF substrates are studied. 2.The large anisotropy field of FeCo films on PVDF is obtained. 3.Improved high frequency properties of FeCo films on flexible substrates are obtained. 4.The origin of improved high frequency properties of FeCo films on PVDF is studied

  9. High frequency magnetic properties of Bi and Si oxides-doped NiCuZn ferrite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We developed Bi2O3 and SiO2-doped NiCuZn ferrite for noise-suppression parts or near-field wireless communication parts. Bi and Si reacted selectively by means of sintering at approximately 900 deg. C, which created the Bi4(SiO4)3 phase. It consisted of two-phase structure of NiCuZn ferrite and Bi4(SiO4)3, which was sintered densely while suppressing the grain growth of NiCuZn ferrite. As a result, this ferrite had a high saturation magnetization and showed excellent frequency response. This paper shows, furthermore, that the experimental spin resonance frequency was in good agreement with the theoretical ones, whereby the density of NiCuZn ferrite approached the theoretical bulk density.

  10. Tunable in-plane uniaxial anisotropy and the magnetization reversal mechanism of patterned high-frequency soft magnetic FeTa strips

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FeTa films with thickness of 110 nm are fabricated on glass substrates by magnetron sputtering, and then a series of strips is designed on the FeTa films by conventional optical lithography and the ion beam etching method. Patterned FeTa strips show a tunable in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy property in contrast with the magnetic isotropic property of as-deposited FeTa thin films. The magnetization reversal mechanism of the patterned FeTa strips is investigated via the in-plane angular dependences of magnetization and coercivity. The angular dependence of coercivity (ADC) is explained well in terms of the two-phase model, giving good quantitative agreement with the experimentally measured M-shaped ADC curve. The domain structure and spatial resolution magneto-optical Kerr effect measurement indicate that the smaller the strip width, the stronger will be the anisotropy field. Regarding the dynamic magnetic properties, a transformation from Debye dispersion spectrum for strips with weak anisotropy to natural resonance spectrum for strips with strong anisotropy is finally obtained. The tunable in-plane anisotropy fields of the FeTa strips result in tunable high-frequency soft magnetic properties by altering the strip width, indicating that patterned FeTa strips have great potential in high-frequency soft magnetic application fields. (paper)

  11. Soft magnetic properties of (Ni50Fe50)SiO2 granular thin films for high frequency application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiaolin; GE Shihui; RUAN Chengli

    2006-01-01

    series of (Ni50Fe50)x(SiO2)(1-x) films with different volume fraction x was fabricated by magnetron co-sputtering technique. The microstructure, magnetic and electrical properties were investigated systematically by using X-ray diffraction, transmission electronic microscope, vibrating sample magnetometer and the traditional four point measurement method of resistivity. The results show that the samples consist of nano-scaled Ni50Fe50metallic particles with fcc structure uniformly embedded in amorphous insulating SiO2 matrix, and the particle size decreases with the decrease of x . The rapid change of coercivity with x is observed, and a minimum value 160 A·m-1 of Hc was obtained for the sample of x =0.83 with film thickness of 180 nm, which can be contributed to the exchange coupling between nano-scaled Ni50Fe50 particles. At the frequency lower than 1 GHz, the real part μ' of complex permeability keeps about 110 and the image part μ" is less than 15. Besides, this film exhibits high resistivity ρ=263 μΩ·cm, high saturation magnetization 4π Ms=1.25 T, high in-plane magnetic anisotropy field Hk=6.37 kA·m-1 , and the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) frequency is estimated to be 2.8 GHz. Therefore, this film can be used in high frequency devices operating over 2 GHz.

  12. Influence of total film thickness on high-frequency magnetic properties of the [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer thin films with different number of layers were fabricated by alternating magnetron sputtering at room temperature with no external magnetic field applied on substrates. A well-defined laminated structure consisting of 7 nm FeCoSiN magnetic layer and 2 nm SiNx insulating layer was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The static magnetic hysteresis loops of the [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer thin films measured by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) presented an obvious in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. The dynamic magnetic performance of the [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer films was studied by vector network analyzer and LLG equation. The results indicated that the total film thickness has slightly impact on the high-frequency magnetic performance of the multilayer thin films. When the total thickness of the [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer thin films increased to micron level, they could still maintain encouraging high-frequency magnetic properties and electrical property: the ferromagnetic resonance frequency fr=3.74 GHz, real permeability µ′=93.73, and electrical resistivity ρ=196 µΩ cm. - Highlights: • The [FeCoSiN/SiNx]n multilayer thin films were prepared by magnetron sputtering. • The influence of total film thickness on high-frequency properties was studied. • The multilayer thin films exhibited excellent high-frequency properties

  13. Head and Neck Veins of the Mouse. A Magnetic Resonance, Micro Computed Tomography and High Frequency Color Doppler Ultrasound Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Mancini

    Full Text Available To characterize the anatomy of the venous outflow of the mouse brain using different imaging techniques. Ten C57/black male mice (age range: 7-8 weeks were imaged with high-frequency Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Angiography and ex-vivo Microcomputed tomography of the head and neck. Under general anesthesia, Ultrasound of neck veins was performed with a 20 MHz transducer; head and neck Magnetic Resonance Angiography data were collected on 9.4 T or 7 T scanners, and ex-vivo Microcomputed tomography angiography was obtained by filling the vessels with a radiopaque inert silicone rubber compound. All procedures were approved by the local ethical committee. The dorsal intracranial venous system is quite similar in mice and humans. Instead, the mouse Internal Jugular Veins are tiny vessels receiving the sigmoid sinuses and tributaries from cerebellum, occipital lobe and midbrain, while the majority of the cerebral blood, i.e. from the olfactory bulbs and fronto-parietal lobes, is apparently drained through skull base connections into the External Jugular Vein. Three main intra-extracranial anastomoses, absent in humans, are: 1 the petrosquamous sinus, draining into the posterior facial vein, 2 the veins of the olfactory bulb, draining into the superficial temporal vein through a foramen of the frontal bone 3 the cavernous sinus, draining in the External Jugular Vein through a foramen of the sphenoid bone. The anatomical structure of the mouse cranial venous outflow as depicted by Ultrasound, Microcomputed tomography and Magnetic Resonance Angiography is different from humans, with multiple connections between intra- and extra-cranial veins.

  14. Head and Neck Veins of the Mouse. A Magnetic Resonance, Micro Computed Tomography and High Frequency Color Doppler Ultrasound Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Marcello; Greco, Adelaide; Tedeschi, Enrico; Palma, Giuseppe; Ragucci, Monica; Bruzzone, Maria Grazia; Coda, Anna Rita Daniela; Torino, Enza; Scotti, Alessandro; Zucca, Ileana; Salvatore, Marco

    2015-01-01

    To characterize the anatomy of the venous outflow of the mouse brain using different imaging techniques. Ten C57/black male mice (age range: 7-8 weeks) were imaged with high-frequency Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Angiography and ex-vivo Microcomputed tomography of the head and neck. Under general anesthesia, Ultrasound of neck veins was performed with a 20 MHz transducer; head and neck Magnetic Resonance Angiography data were collected on 9.4 T or 7 T scanners, and ex-vivo Microcomputed tomography angiography was obtained by filling the vessels with a radiopaque inert silicone rubber compound. All procedures were approved by the local ethical committee. The dorsal intracranial venous system is quite similar in mice and humans. Instead, the mouse Internal Jugular Veins are tiny vessels receiving the sigmoid sinuses and tributaries from cerebellum, occipital lobe and midbrain, while the majority of the cerebral blood, i.e. from the olfactory bulbs and fronto-parietal lobes, is apparently drained through skull base connections into the External Jugular Vein. Three main intra-extracranial anastomoses, absent in humans, are: 1) the petrosquamous sinus, draining into the posterior facial vein, 2) the veins of the olfactory bulb, draining into the superficial temporal vein through a foramen of the frontal bone 3) the cavernous sinus, draining in the External Jugular Vein through a foramen of the sphenoid bone. The anatomical structure of the mouse cranial venous outflow as depicted by Ultrasound, Microcomputed tomography and Magnetic Resonance Angiography is different from humans, with multiple connections between intra- and extra-cranial veins. PMID:26067061

  15. Increasing the high-frequency magnetic permeability of MnZn ferrite in polyaniline composites by incorporating silver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babayan, V.; Kazantseva, N. E.; Sapurina, I.; Moučka, R.; Stejskal, J.; Sáha, P.

    2013-05-01

    A hybrid composite containing 73 vol% of MnZn ferrite, 21 vol% of polyaniline, and 6 vol% of silver is obtained by oxidative polymerization of aniline with silver nitrate in the presence of ferrite powder. The hybrid composite contains ferrite particles with a size of 40-80 μm coated by an inhomogeneous layer of polyaniline in the conducting emeraldine form. Silver in the form of nano- and submicrometre -size particles is localized both on the surface of ferrite particles and in the bulk of polyaniline coating. The electrical and magnetic properties of the hybrid composite are investigated and compared with the properties of a composite with 71 vol% of MnZn ferrite coated by a conducting polyaniline layer (29 vol%). The hybrid composite containing silver exhibits an increase in the real and imaginary parts of the complex permeability in the radio-frequency band by more than one and a half times compared with those of the MnZn ferrite-polyaniline composite. The high-frequency permittivity of both composites is determined by the properties of core-shell structure: electric properties of shell as well as its composition and uniformity.

  16. Low- vs high- frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation as an add-on treatment for refractory depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    julien eeche

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS seems to be effective as an antidepressant treatment, however, some confusion remain about the best parameters to apply and the efficacy of its association with pharmacological antidepressant treatments.Method: In a single blind randomized study14 patients with unipolar resistant depression to one antidepressant treatment were enrolled to received, in combination with venlafaxine (150 mg, either 20 sessions of 10Hz rTMS (2 000 pulses per session applied over le left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC or 20 sessions of 1 Hz rTMS (120 stimulations per sessions applied over the right DLPFC. Results: A similar antidepressant effect was observed in both groups with a comparable antidepressant delay of action (2 weeks and a comparable number of patients in remission after 4 weeks of daily rTMS sessions (66 vs 50 %.Conclusion: Low- and high- frequency rTMS seem to be effective as an add-on treatment to venlafaxine in pharmacological refractory major depression. Due to its short duration and its safety, low frequency rTMS may be a useful alternative treatment for patients with refractory depression.

  17. Structural, dielectric and magnetic properties of Cr–Zn doped strontium hexa-ferrites for high frequency applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    M-type strontium hexa-ferrite nano particles with composition SrFe12−2xCrxZnxO19 (X = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) were prepared by co-precipitation method and are reported for the first time. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the successful substitution of Cr and Zn ions in the strontium hexa-ferrite lattice. Structural morphology studied by scanning electron micrographs revealed that Cr–Zn doping inhabits the grain growth. Dielectric measurements were taken as a function of frequency in the range (10 kHz to 3 MHz). Both dielectric constants and dielectric losses were found to be decreasing with the increase in Cr–Zn concentration. As Cr–Zn doping favored the decrease in dielectric losses to a large extent (0.32–0.02) so the strontium hexa-ferrite with these dopants is very useful for high frequency applications. The frequency dependent ac conductivity increases sharply at higher frequencies due to increase in hopping frequency of electrons and decrease with the increase in doping concentration and this is due to decrease in Fe2+ ions. Temperature dependent dc electrical resistivity measurements showed a decreasing trend with the increase in Cr–Zn concentration. The M–H loop indicated that both coercivity and saturation magnetization were decreased with the increase in doping concentration. The former was decreased due to increase in grain size and later was decreased due to weak and non-magnetic cations distribution on interstitial sites.

  18. Ferrimagnetism and magnetic phase separation in Nd1−xYxMnO3 studied by magnetization and high frequency electron paramagnetic resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrimagnetism and metamagnetic features tunable by composition are observed in the magnetic response of Nd1−xYxMnO3, for x=0.1–0.5. For all values of x in the series, the compound crystallizes in orthorhombic Pbnm space group similar to NdMnO3. Magnetization studies reveal a phase transition of the Mn-sublattice below TNMn≈80K for all compositions, which, decreases up on diluting the Nd-site with Yttrium. For x=0.35, ferrimagnetism is observed. At 5 K, metamagnetic transition is observed for all compositions x<0.4. The evolution of magnetic ground states and appearance of ferrimagnetism in Nd1−xYxMnO3 can be accounted for by invoking the scenario of magnetic phase separation. The high frequency electron paramagnetic resonance measurements on x=0.4 sample, which is close to the critical composition for phase separation, revealed complex temperature dependent lineshapes clearly supporting the assumption of magnetic phase separation

  19. Efficacy of Adjunctive High Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of Right Prefrontal Cortex in Adolescent Mania: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Study

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak, Vijay; Sinha, Vinod Kumar; Praharaj, Samir Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine the efficacy of adjunctive right prefrontal high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment in adolescent mania patients as compared to sham stimulation. Methods Twenty six right handed patients aged 12–17 years diagnosed with bipolar mania were randomized to receive daily sessions of active or sham rTMS (20 Hz, 110% of motor threshold, 20 trains, 10 s intertrain interval) over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex for 10 days. Mania was ra...

  20. Soft magnetic properties and high frequency characteristics of FeM (M = B, Hf, Zr) and pure Fe films fabricated by oblique deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Chengcheng; Zhang, Chao; Wang, Fenglong; Zhao, Zhong; Jiang, Changjun; Xue, Desheng [Lanzhou University, Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou (China); Lanzhou University, Key Laboratory of Special Function Materials and Structure Design of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou (China)

    2015-09-15

    To improve the high-frequency properties of Fe-based thin films, doped and pure Fe thin films were obliquely deposited on Si (100) substrate by RF-magnetron sputtering. Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements show obvious in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in both doped and pure Fe thin films, and enhancement effects of doping on Soft magnetic properties were also observed. Microwave permeability measurements indicate that the resonance frequency and permeability of pure Fe films are much larger than those of doped Fe thin films. Damping factors of Fe thin films deposited at different oblique angles were further investigated. (orig.)

  1. Effect of bending stresses on the high-frequency magnetic properties and their time stability in a cobalt-based amorphous alloy with an extremely low magnetostriction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kekalo, I. B.; Mogil'nikov, P. S.

    2015-12-01

    An unusual effect of the stresses of bending (toroidal sample diameter D) on the hysteretic magnetic properties ( H c , μ5) of an amorphous Co69Fe3.7Cr3.8Si12B11 alloy with an extremely low magnetostriction (|λ s | ≤ 10-7) is revealed. These properties are measured in a dynamic regime at a magnetic-field frequency f = 0.1-20 kHz. The coercive force of the alloy H c weakly depends on D at low frequencies ( f fact that magnetization reversal via the displacement of rigid domain walls is predominant at low frequencies and during static measurements and magnetization reversal via the displacement of flexible domain walls is predominant at high frequencies.

  2. Micromagnetic model analysis of integrated single-pole-type head with tilted spin-torque oscillator for high-frequency microwave-assisted magnetic recording

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spin-torque oscillator (STO) is the most important component in microwave-assisted magnetic recording. Some requirements for the STO are: large amplitude and stable oscillation, small injected current, and oscillation at a frequency that excites resonance in a recording medium. It is also necessary for the STO oscillation to closely follow the head coil current. In this paper, STOs were integrated into write heads and micromagnetic analyses carried out to obtain a write head structure with stable STO oscillation that could follow a high-frequency head coil current

  3. Micromagnetic model analysis of integrated single-pole-type head with tilted spin-torque oscillator for high-frequency microwave-assisted magnetic recording

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katayama, Takuto; Kanai, Yasushi, E-mail: kanai@iee.niit.ac.jp [Department of Information and Electronics Engineering, Niigata Institute of Technology, Kashiwazaki, Niigata 945-1195 (Japan); Yoshida, Kazuetsu [Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Kogakuin University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-8622 (Japan); Greaves, Simon; Muraoka, Hiroaki [Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577 (Japan)

    2015-05-07

    The spin-torque oscillator (STO) is the most important component in microwave-assisted magnetic recording. Some requirements for the STO are: large amplitude and stable oscillation, small injected current, and oscillation at a frequency that excites resonance in a recording medium. It is also necessary for the STO oscillation to closely follow the head coil current. In this paper, STOs were integrated into write heads and micromagnetic analyses carried out to obtain a write head structure with stable STO oscillation that could follow a high-frequency head coil current.

  4. High frequency variations of the main magnetic field: convergence of observations and theory (Petrus Peregrinus Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jault, Dominique

    2013-04-01

    Understanding the main magnetic field variations has been hindered by the discrepancy between the periods (from months to years) of the simplest linear wave phenomena and the relatively long time intervals (10 to 100 years) over which magnetic field changes can be confidently monitored. A theoretical description of short-period waves within the Earth's fluid core is at hand. Quasi-geostrophic inertial waves (akin to Rossby waves in the atmosphere) are slightly modified in the presence of magnetic fields and torsional oscillations consist of differential motion between coaxial rigid cylindrical annuli. Torsional oscillations are sensitive to the whole magnetic field that they shear in the course of their propagation. From their modelling, we have thus gained an estimate for the magnetic field strength in the core interior. There is now ongoing work to extend the theoretical framework to longer times. Furthermore, data collected from the Swarm constellation of three satellites to be launched this year by ESA will permit to better separate the internal and external magnetic signals. We may thus dream to detect quasi-geostrophic inertial waves. As the spectral ranges of theoretical models and observations begin to overlap, we can now go beyond the understanding of the magnetic field variations as the juxtaposition of partial models, arranged as a set of nested Matryoshka dolls. This talk will give illustrations for this statement, among which the question of induction in the lower mantle.

  5. Effects of eddy current and dispersion of magnetic anisotropy on the high-frequency permeability of Fe-based nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, M., E-mail: mangui@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films & Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China); Rozanov, K.N.; Zezyulina, P.A. [Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Wu, Yan-Hui [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films & Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu (China)

    2015-06-01

    Fe–Cu–Nb–Si–B microflakes have been prepared by ball milling. The structural, magnetostatic and microwave permeability of the flakes and flake-filled composites have been studied. Two ferromagnetic phases, nanograins and amorphous matrix, are found in the flakes. The Mössbauer study shows that the nanograins are α-Fe{sub 3}(Si) with D0{sub 3} superlattice structure. High resolution transmission electron microscopy shows that the nanograins are well dispersed in the matrix. The microwave permeability of composites containing the flakes has been measured. The comparison of the intrinsic permeability of the flakes obtained from the permeability measurements and from the anisotropy field distribution reveals a disagreement in the magnetic loss peak location. It is concluded that the low-frequency loss in the composites is not due to the effect of eddy currents. The low-frequency loss may be attributed to other sources, such as domain wall motion or peculiarities of the magnetic structure of the flakes in the composite. - Highlights: • Hyperfine interactions have been studied for the Fe-based nanocomposites. Please see Fig. 3. • The distribution of magnetic anisotropy has been derived from the initial magnetization curve of the composite. Please see Fig. 6. • The magnetic loss peak has been reconstructed from the measured permeability of composites and from the anisotropy field distribution. Please see Fig. 9.

  6. High-frequency dielectric and magnetic anomaly at the phase transition in NaV2O5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smirnov, A.I.; Popova, M.N.; Sushkov, A.B.; Golubchik, S.A.; Khomskii, D.I.; Mostovoy, M.V.; Vasil’ev, A.N.; Isobe, M.; Ueda, Y.

    1999-01-01

    We found anomalies in the temperature dependence of the dielectric and magnetic susceptibility of NaV2O5 in the microwave and far-infrared frequency ranges. The anomalies occur at the phase transition temperature Tc, at which the spin gap opens. The real parts of the dielectric constants εa and εc d

  7. Time-of-flight measurements in atomic beam devices using adiabatic high frequency transitions and sextupole magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atomic beam devices are frequently equipped with sextupole magnets to focus the beam or to act as spin filters in combination with RF-transitions for manipulating the hyperfine population within the atomic beam. A useful tool for the analysis of sextupole systems, the application of time-of-flight (TOF) measurements is presented. TOF measurements are enabled without mechanical beam chopper by utilizing adiabatic radio frequency transitions to select atoms within a certain time interval. This method is especially interesting for the use in atomic beam devices that are already equipped with RF-transitions and sextupole magnets and where space limitations or the required quality of the vacuum do not allow the installation of a mechanical chopper. The measurements presented here were performed with the atomic beam polarimeter of the HERMES polarized deuterium target and the results have been used to optimize the sextupole system of the polarimeter

  8. Oriented nanometric aggregates of partially inverted zinc ferrite: One-step processing and tunable high-frequency magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sai, Ranajit, E-mail: ranajit@ecei.tohoku.ac.jp [Department of Electrical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Centre for Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (India); Endo, Yasushi; Shimada, Yutaka; Yamaguchi, Masahiro [Department of Electrical Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Shivashankar, S. A. [Centre for Nano Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (India)

    2015-05-07

    In this work, it is demonstrated that the in situ growth of oriented nanometric aggregates of partially inverted zinc ferrite can potentially pave a way to alter and tune magnetocrystalline anisotropy that, in turn, dictates ferromagnetic resonance frequency (f{sub FMR}) by inducing strain due to aggregation. Furthermore, the influence of interparticle interaction on magnetic properties of the aggregates is investigated. Mono-dispersed zinc ferrite nanoparticles (<5 nm) with various degrees of aggregation were prepared through decomposition of metal-organic compounds of zinc (II) and iron (III) in an alcoholic solution under controlled microwave irradiation, below 200 °C. The nanocrystallites were found to possess high degree of inversion (>0.5). With increasing order of aggregation in the samples, saturation magnetization (at 5 K) is found to decrease from 38 emu/g to 24 emu/g, while coercivity is found to increase gradually by up to 100% (525 Oe to 1040 Oe). Anisotropy-mediated shift of f{sub FMR} has also been measured and discussed. In essence, the result exhibits an easy way to control the magnetic characteristics of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite, boosted with significant degree of inversion, at GHz frequencies.

  9. Oriented nanometric aggregates of partially inverted zinc ferrite: One-step processing and tunable high-frequency magnetic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, it is demonstrated that the in situ growth of oriented nanometric aggregates of partially inverted zinc ferrite can potentially pave a way to alter and tune magnetocrystalline anisotropy that, in turn, dictates ferromagnetic resonance frequency (fFMR) by inducing strain due to aggregation. Furthermore, the influence of interparticle interaction on magnetic properties of the aggregates is investigated. Mono-dispersed zinc ferrite nanoparticles (<5 nm) with various degrees of aggregation were prepared through decomposition of metal-organic compounds of zinc (II) and iron (III) in an alcoholic solution under controlled microwave irradiation, below 200 °C. The nanocrystallites were found to possess high degree of inversion (>0.5). With increasing order of aggregation in the samples, saturation magnetization (at 5 K) is found to decrease from 38 emu/g to 24 emu/g, while coercivity is found to increase gradually by up to 100% (525 Oe to 1040 Oe). Anisotropy-mediated shift of fFMR has also been measured and discussed. In essence, the result exhibits an easy way to control the magnetic characteristics of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite, boosted with significant degree of inversion, at GHz frequencies

  10. Spectroscopic measurement of high-frequency electric fields in the interaction of explosive debris plasma with magnetized background plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The collision-less transfer of momentum and energy from explosive debris plasma to magnetized background plasma is a salient feature of various astrophysical and space environments. While much theoretical and computational work has investigated collision-less coupling mechanisms and relevant parameters, an experimental validation of the results demands the measurement of the complex, collective electric fields associated with debris-background plasma interaction. Emission spectroscopy offers a non-interfering diagnostic of electric fields via the Stark effect. A unique experiment at the University of California, Los Angeles, that combines the Large Plasma Device (LAPD) and the Phoenix laser facility has investigated the marginally super-Alfvénic, quasi-perpendicular expansion of a laser-produced carbon (C) debris plasma through a preformed, magnetized helium (He) background plasma via emission spectroscopy. Spectral profiles of the He II 468.6 nm line measured at the maximum extent of the diamagnetic cavity are observed to intensify, broaden, and develop equally spaced modulations in response to the explosive C debris, indicative of an energetic electron population and strong oscillatory electric fields. The profiles are analyzed via time-dependent Stark effect models corresponding to single-mode and multi-mode monochromatic (single frequency) electric fields, yielding temporally resolved magnitudes and frequencies. The proximity of the measured frequencies to the expected electron plasma frequency suggests the development of the electron beam-plasma instability, and a simple saturation model demonstrates that the measured magnitudes are feasible provided that a sufficiently fast electron population is generated during C debris–He background interaction. Potential sources of the fast electrons, which likely correspond to collision-less coupling mechanisms, are briefly considered

  11. Microwave Radiometer - high frequency

    Data.gov (United States)

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory — The Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from two channels centered at 90 and 150 GHz. These two...

  12. High frequency beam protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the design and construction of a high-frequency beam protecting device. This apparatus controls a number of functions in a modulator. Furthermore it drives the phase shifter and the attenuator. (author). 6 figs

  13. High resistive nanocrystalline Fe-M-O (M=Hf, Zr, rare-earth metals) soft magnetic films for high-frequency applications (invited)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microstructure, soft magnetic properties, and applications of high resistive Fe-M-O (M=Hf, Zr, rare-earth metals) were studied. The Fe-M-O films are composed of bcc nanograins and amorphous phases with larger amounts of M and O elements which chemically combine each other. Consequently, the amorphous phases have high electrical resistivity. The compositional dependence of magnetic properties, electrical resistivity, and structure have been almost clarified. For example, the high magnetization of 1.3 T, high permeability of 1400 at 100 MHz and the high electrical resistivity of 4.1 μΩm are simultaneously obtained for as-deposited Fe62Hf11O27 nanostructured film fabricated by rf reactive sputtering in a static magnetic field. Furthermore, Co addition to Fe-M-O films improves the frequency characteristics mainly by the increase in the crystalline anisotropy of the nanograins. The Co44.3Fe19.1Hf14.5O22.1 film exhibits the quality factor (Q=μ'/μ'') of 61 and the μ' of 170 at 100 MHz as well as the high Is of 1.1 T. This frequency characteristics is considered to be superior to the other films already reported. The films also exhibit high corrosion resistance in an isotonic sodium chloride solution. Therefore, these films enable us to realize the high-frequency magnetic devices, such as thin-film inductors and transformers for microswitching converters and ultrahigh-density recording heads. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics

  14. High frequency electromagnetic dosimetry

    CERN Document Server

    Sánchez-Hernández, David A

    2009-01-01

    Along with the growth of RF and microwave technology applications, there is a mounting concern about the possible adverse effects over human health from electromagnetic radiation. Addressing this issue and putting it into perspective, this groundbreaking resource provides critical details on the latest advances in high frequency electromagnetic dosimetry.

  15. 高频脉冲弱磁场检测技术的研究%Study on the Measurement of High-Frequency Pulsed Magnetic Field Strength

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怡美; 刘志朋; 殷涛

    2012-01-01

    生物医学领域中通常涉及高频瞬态弱磁场的应用,目前通用的磁感应强度探头无法满足MHz脉冲磁场的测量需求,为了准确测量MHz脉冲弱磁场,研究设计了对0.1~1 MHz脉冲磁场进行测量及标定的技术.设计一套由非铁磁性材料制成的脉冲磁场测量与标定装置,通过装置将磁场发生线圈与磁场检测线圈的相对位置精确固定.选用正弦脉冲施加于磁场发生线圈,采集检测线圈产生的感应电动势,根据法拉第电磁感应定律在Matlab平台编写算法,仿真计算得到MHz脉冲磁场强度并标定.实现了频率分别为0.5、1.0、1.5 MHz强度为μT量级磁场的准确测量,测量结果通过标定,与真实值的相对误差约为2.5%,保持较好的稳定性和一致性.%High-frequency transient weak magnetic field is always involved in researches about biomedical engineering field while common magnetic-field sensors cannot work properly at frequencies as high as MHz. To measure the value of MHz-level weak pulsed magnetic-field strength accurately,a measurement and calibration method for pulsed magnetic-field was designed in this paper. A device made of nonferromagnetic material was independently designed and applied to pulsed magnetic field measurement. It held an accurately relative position between the magnetic field generating coil and the detecting coil. By applying a sinusoidal pulse to the generator,collecting the induced electromotive force of the detector,the final magnetic field strength was worked out through algorithms written in Matlab according to Faraday's Law. Experiments were carried out for measurement and calibration. Experiments showed that,under good stability and consistency,accurate measurement of magnetic-field strength of a sinepulse magnetic-field can be achieved,with frequency at 0. S MHz,1 MHz,1. S MHz and strength level at micro-Tesla. Calibration results carried out a measuring relative error about 2. 5%.

  16. High-frequency ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, M R

    1986-08-01

    Over the last six years high-frequency ventilation has been extensively evaluated both in the clinical and laboratory settings. It is now no longer the great mystery it once was, and it is now no longer believed (as many had hoped), that it will solve all the problems associated with mechanical pulmonary ventilation. Although the technique is safe and appears to cause no harm even in the long term, it has not yet been shown to offer any major advantages over conventional mechanical ventilation. PMID:3530042

  17. High frequency energy measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-frequency (> 100 MHz) energy measurements present special problems to the experimenter. Environment or available electronics often limit the applicability of a given detector type. The physical properties of many detectors are frequency dependent and in some cases, the physical effect employed can be frequency dependent. State-of-the-art measurements generally involve a detection scheme in association with high-speed electronics and a method of data recording. Events can be single or repetitive shot requiring real time, sampling, or digitizing data recording. Potential modification of the pulse by the detector and the associated electronics should not be overlooked. This presentation will review typical applications, methods of choosing a detector, and high-speed detectors. Special considerations and limitations of some applications and devices will be described

  18. Ferrimagnetism and magnetic phase separation in Nd{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}MnO{sub 3} studied by magnetization and high frequency electron paramagnetic resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nair, Harikrishnan S., E-mail: krishnair1@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Yadav, Ruchika [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Adiga, Shilpa [Jülich Center for Neutron Sciences 2/Peter Grünberg Institute 4, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, 52425 Jülich (Germany); Rao, S.S. [Materials Science Division, Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 (United States); Department of Material Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States); Tol, Johan van [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Centre for Interdisciplinary Magnetic Resonance, Florida State University,1800 E. Paul Dirac Drive, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Elizabeth, Suja [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

    2015-01-01

    Ferrimagnetism and metamagnetic features tunable by composition are observed in the magnetic response of Nd{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}MnO{sub 3}, for x=0.1–0.5. For all values of x in the series, the compound crystallizes in orthorhombic Pbnm space group similar to NdMnO{sub 3}. Magnetization studies reveal a phase transition of the Mn-sublattice below T{sub N}{sup Mn}≈80K for all compositions, which, decreases up on diluting the Nd-site with Yttrium. For x=0.35, ferrimagnetism is observed. At 5 K, metamagnetic transition is observed for all compositions x<0.4. The evolution of magnetic ground states and appearance of ferrimagnetism in Nd{sub 1−x}Y{sub x}MnO{sub 3} can be accounted for by invoking the scenario of magnetic phase separation. The high frequency electron paramagnetic resonance measurements on x=0.4 sample, which is close to the critical composition for phase separation, revealed complex temperature dependent lineshapes clearly supporting the assumption of magnetic phase separation.

  19. High-frequency ECG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tragardh, Elin; Schlegel, Todd T.

    2006-01-01

    The standard ECG is by convention limited to 0.05-150 Hz, but higher frequencies are also present in the ECG signal. With high-resolution technology, it is possible to record and analyze these higher frequencies. The highest amplitudes of the high-frequency components are found within the QRS complex. In past years, the term "high frequency", "high fidelity", and "wideband electrocardiography" have been used by several investigators to refer to the process of recording ECGs with an extended bandwidth of up to 1000 Hz. Several investigators have tried to analyze HF-QRS with the hope that additional features seen in the QRS complex would provide information enhancing the diagnostic value of the ECG. The development of computerized ECG-recording devices that made it possible to record ECG signals with high resolution in both time and amplitude, as well as better possibilities to store and process the signals digitally, offered new methods for analysis. Different techniques to extract the HF-QRS have been described. Several bandwidths and filter types have been applied for the extraction as well as different signal-averaging techniques for noise reduction. There is no standard method for acquiring and quantifying HF-QRS. The physiological mechanisms underlying HF-QRS are still not fully understood. One theory is that HF-QRS are related to the conduction velocity and the fragmentation of the depolarization wave in the myocardium. In a three-dimensional model of the ventricles with a fractal conduction system it was shown that high numbers of splitting branches are associated with HF-QRS. In this experiment, it was also shown that the changes seen in HF-QRS in patients with myocardial ischemia might be due to the slowing of the conduction velocity in the region of ischemia. This mechanism has been tested by Watanabe et al by infusing sodium channel blockers into the left anterior descending artery in dogs. In their study, 60 unipolar ECGs were recorded from the entire

  20. Adjunctive treatment with high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of patients with Alzheimer's disease: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study

    OpenAIRE

    WU, Yue; Xu, Wenwei; Liu, Xiaowei; Xu, Qing; Tang, Li; Wu, Shuyan

    2015-01-01

    Background Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) occur in 70-90% of patients at different stages of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), but the available methods for managing these problems are of limited effectiveness. Aim Assess the effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), on BPSD and cognitive function in persons with AD. Methods Fifty-four patients with AD and accompanying BPSD wer...

  1. High Frequency Trade Direction Prediction

    OpenAIRE

    Stav, Augustine Dexter

    2015-01-01

    High Frequency Trade Direction PredictionbyAugustine StavAbstract High frequency trading involves large volumes and rapid price changes. The Volume Synchronized Probability of Informed Trading (VPIN) metric characterizes order flow toxicity. This toxicity is the unbalance of order flow between informed traders who possess knowledge of future price directions and market makers who do not have this information. VPIN requires trades to be classified as buys or sells and works with volume as a pr...

  2. Analytical core loss calculations for magnetic materials used in high frequency high power converter applications. Ph.D. Thesis - Toledo Univ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triner, J. E.

    1979-01-01

    The basic magnetic properties under various operating conditions encountered in the state-of-the-art DC-AC/DC converters are examined. Using a novel core excitation circuit, the basic B-H and loss characteristics of various core materials may be observed as a function of circuit configuration, frequency of operation, input voltage, and pulse-width modulation conditions. From this empirical data, a mathematical loss characteristics equation is developed to analytically predict the specific core loss of several magnetic materials under various waveform excitation conditions.

  3. Geographies of High Frequency Trading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grindsted, Thomas Skou

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the geographies of high frequency trading. Today shares shift hands within micro seconds, giving rise to a form of financial geographies termed algorithmic capitalism. This notion refers to the different spatio-temporalities produced by high frequency trading, under the...... micro seconds or constitutes them. It argues that automated trading will not only contribute to accelerate crises, but also deepen them by the ways in which it differentiates the dynamics between financial, fixed and productive capital....... valuation of time. As high frequency trading accelerates financial markets, the paper examines the spatio-temporalities of automated trading by the ways in which the speed of knowledge exploitation in financial markets is not only of interest, but also the expansion between different temporalities. The...

  4. High-frequency complex pitch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santurette, Sébastien; Dau, Torsten

    2012-01-01

    Harmonics in a complex tone are typically considered unresolved when they interact with neighboring harmonics in the cochlea and cannot be heard out separately. Recent studies have suggested that the low pitch evoked by unresolved high-frequency harmonics may be coded via temporal fine-structure ......Harmonics in a complex tone are typically considered unresolved when they interact with neighboring harmonics in the cochlea and cannot be heard out separately. Recent studies have suggested that the low pitch evoked by unresolved high-frequency harmonics may be coded via temporal fine...

  5. High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Jackson, Darrell R

    2007-01-01

    High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics is the first book in a new series sponsored by the Office of Naval Research on the latest research in underwater acoustics. This exciting new title provides ready access to experimental data, theory, and models relevant to high-frequency seafloor acoustics and will be of interest to sonar engineers and researchers working in underwater acoustics. The physical characteristics of the seafloor affecting acoustic propagation and scattering are covered, including physical and geoacoustic properties and surface roughness. Current theories for acoustic propagation in sediments are presented along with corresponding models for reflection, scattering, and seafloor penetration. The main text is backed up by an extensive bibliography and technical appendices.

  6. Dynamic High Frequency Trading Models

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Espen Teie

    2009-01-01

    This thesis considers constructing high-frequency quantitative trading models. The work is a continuation of my project thesis (spring 2009) and Birgitte Ringstad Vartdal's master thesis (2000). We build our trading model through what we call the Layer Approach. This includes letting different layers take control of the different risk and decision mechanisms of our system. The underlying regression model is the Rydberg-Shephard model, the regression models are fitted to a moving data set to ...

  7. Fuel cells multi-stack power architectures and experimental validation of 1 kW parallel twin stack PEFC generator based on high frequency magnetic coupling dedicated to on board power unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a study of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) multi-stack generator and its power electronic interface dedicated to an on board vehicle power unit. A parallel electric architecture has been designed and tested. First, a dynamic model of the PEFC stack, valid for high frequencies and compatible with power converter interactions, has been developed. This model is used for simulations of the global fuel cell and power converter behaviors. Second, an inventory of generic multi-stack fuel cells architectures is presented in order to couple electrically the fuel cell stacks to an on board DC bus (in series, parallel, through magnetic coupling..). This state of the art is completed by an overview of several candidate power converter topologies for fuel cells. Then, among all the possible technical solutions, an original power converter architecture using a high frequency planar transformer is proposed, which allows parallel and series magnetic couplings of two fuel cell stacks. Then, the study focuses on a first step, which is the association of two PEFC stacks. Such a structure, having good efficiency, is well adapted for testing and operation of fuel cells in normal and degraded working modes, which correspond to real constraints on board a vehicle. Finally, experimental validations on a 2 x 500 W twin stack PEFC with power converter interface demonstrate the technological feasibility for the embarked multi-stack fuel cells generator. The 1 kW power level chosen for the experimentation is close to that of a small on board PEFC auxiliary power unit (APU)

  8. High frequency dielectric response and magnetic studies of Zn{sub 1−x}Tb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} nanocrystalline ferrites synthesized via micro-emulsion technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azhar Khan, Muhammad, E-mail: azhar_manais@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Sabir, Muhammad [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Mahmood, Azhar [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Asghar, M.; Mahmood, K.; Afzal Khan, M. [Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan); Ahmad, Iqbal [Department of Chemistry,University of Gujrat, Gujrat 50700 (Pakistan); Sher, Muhammad [Department of Chemistry, The University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan); Farooq Warsi, Muhammad, E-mail: farooq.warsi@iub.edu.pk [Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100 (Pakistan)

    2014-06-01

    Tb{sup 3+}-doped nanocrystalline zinc ferrites with a nominal composition of Zn{sub 1−x}Tb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x=0, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09, 0.12 and 0.15) were prepared by micro-emulsion method and were annealed at 600 °C for 8.5 h. The synthesized samples were characterized by thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and dielectric measurement techniques. The powder XRD patterns confirm the single phase cubic spinel structure, indicated that doping nanoferrites with small concentrations of terbium ions allowed their entrance to the spinel lattice and the crystallite size is found in the range of 16–24 nm. The dielectric constant (ε) and dielectric loss (tanδ) of all the samples were measured in the frequency range 100 MHz–3 GHz at room temperature. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss of the samples are found to decrease with increase in frequency and Tb{sup 3+} content. The reduction in the dielectric parameters is attributed to the obstruction incorporated in electron exchange mechanism caused by the lockup among iron and terbium cations. The magnetic properties revealed that these terbium doped nanocrystalline zinc ferrites exhibit ferrimagnetic behavior. The high saturation magnetization and coercivity along with smaller dielectric parameters having Tb-contents suggests that the materials are suitable for applications in memory devices and high frequency applications. -Graphical Abstract: Nanocrystalline spinel ferrites (Zn{sub 1−x}Tb{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) prepared by micro-emulsion technique exhibited the reduced dielectric parameters and decreased crystallite size from 24 nm to 16 nm upon the doping of terbium. These ferrites revealed ferrimagnetic behavior. Larger magnetic and smaller dielectric parameters suggest the potential use of these nanomaterials in memory and high frequency devices

  9. High-frequency electrodeless discharges in helium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denisova, N [Institut of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk, Russia (Russian Federation); Skudra, A [Institut of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd.19, Riga, Latvia (Latvia)

    2004-11-01

    Modelling of high-frequency electrodeless discharges (HFEDs) in helium is presented. The model combines calculations of electromagnetic field profiles and plasma parameters including kinetics of the excited atomic states. A method of the self-consistent numerical solution for the plasma-field system is proposed. The method takes into account a temporal hierarchy of the kinetic processes in the HFED plasma. A stationary collision-radiative model for helium plasma is developed considering the following equations: (i) the transport equations for the electrons, (ii) the electron energy balance equation, (iii) the population rate equations for balance in the excited states and (iv) the electromagnetic field equations. Discharge properties are investigated in a numerical simulation. The electron density, electron temperature and absorbed power versus gas pressure and external magnetic field amplitude are obtained. The electromagnetic field profiles demonstrate a significant role of the skin effect. The intensities of the lines 587.6 and 728.1 nm are calculated, and are found to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The developed model is used to obtain optimal operation conditions of high-frequency electrodeless helium lamps.

  10. Econometrics of financial high-frequency data

    CERN Document Server

    Hautsch, Nikolaus

    2011-01-01

    This book covers major approaches in high-frequency econometrics. It discusses implementation details, provides insights into properties of high-frequency data as well as institutional settings and presents applications.

  11. Oscillations of the Boundary Layer and High-frequency QPOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blinova A. A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We observed persistent high-frequency oscillations of the boundary layer near an accreting, weakly-magnetized star in global 3D MHD simulations. The tilted dipole magnetic field is not strong enough to open a gap between the star and the disk. Instead, it forms a highly-wrapped azimuthal field near the surface of the star which slows down rotation of the disk matter, while a small tilt of the field excites oscillations of the boundary layer with a frequency below the Keplerian frequency. This mechanism may be responsible for the high-frequency oscillations in accreting neutron stars, white dwarfs and classical T Tauri stars.

  12. High frequency carbon nanotube devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goffman, M. F.; Chimot, N.; Mile, E.; Monteverde, M. C.; Bourgoin, J.-P.; Derycke, V.

    2008-08-01

    We investigate high frequency electrical and mechanical performances of carbon nanotube based devices. Using configurations with multiple single-wall nanotubes in parallel, we show that HF nanotube transistors with intrinsic cut-off frequencies as high as 30 GHz can be obtained on rigid substrates. Adapting our process to plastic substrates, we also obtained highly flexible HF transistors showing constant transconductances up to at least 6 GHz, as-measured cut-off frequencies as high as 1 GHz (5-8 GHz after de-embedding) and stable DC performances upon bending. We probed electromechanical properties of individual suspended carbon multiwall nanotubes by using a modified AFM. DC deflection measurements on different devices are in agreement with a continuum model prediction and consistent with a Young's modulus of 0.4 TPa. Preliminary HF measurements on a doubly clamped device showed a resonant frequency of 200MHz consistent with a Young's modulus of 0.43 TPa. This implies that built-in mechanical stress in the case of MWNTs is negligeable.

  13. Effect of high-frequency electric field on the electron magnetotransport in graphene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effective spectrum of electron states in graphene in quantizing magnetic and high-frequency electric fields is calculated. The presence of the high-frequency field is shown to lead to the Landau levels splitting in graphene. The magnitude of this splitting is calculated. The influence of the high-frequency electric field on the magnetic oscillations of graphene conductivity is investigated. The possibility of controlling of conductivity oscillations by change of electric field amplitude is shown.

  14. High-frequency magnetic prop erties of planar anisotropy carb onyl-iron particles%取向易面各向异性羰基铁粉体的高频磁性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍天旭; 乔亮; 王涛; 李发伸

    2014-01-01

    研究了取向度对羰基铁粉体复合材料微波磁性的影响。理论上构造了取向片状磁性颗粒磁矩的高斯分布,并通过Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert方程得到了有取向度的软磁材料复数磁导率的求解方法,模拟计算了羰基铁样品高频复数磁导率随频率的变化。研究发现:随着样品取向角⟨θ⟩的变大,高斯分布标准偏差σ减小,取向度f增大;随着片状样品取向度的提高,材料初始有效磁导率的实部值增大。为了对照,利用穆斯堡尔谱得到磁体的取向度,并通过网络分析仪测量了磁体的高频磁导率,所获得的实验结果与理论预期值相符。%The effect of orientation degree on high-frequency magnetic properties of planar anisotropy carbonyl-iron particles is studied. We build the samples for planar carbonyl-iron particles, whose magnetic moments obey Gaussian distribution. Meanwhile, we obtain a new method about complex permeability by utilizing Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. Then the frequency-dependent complex permeability of sample is calculated using our method. The result shows that with the increase of orientation angle⟨θ⟩, the standard deviation of Gaussian distributionσ decreases and the orientation degree f increases. Furthermore, the real part of initial permeability of the planar carbonyl-iron sample becomes higher with the increase of orientation degree f . For comparison, we measured the orientation degree and complex permeability of the sample by Mössbauer spectroscopy and vector network analyzer respectively. It is found that our experimental data accord well with the simulation results.

  15. High Frequency Traders: Angels or Devils?

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey MacIntosh

    2013-01-01

    High frequency trading (HFT) is taking world capital markets by storm, notably in the United States and the United Kingdom, where it accounted for about 50 percent of equities trading in 2012, and to a growing extent in other parts of Europe and in Canada. Are high frequency traders angels or devils in terms of the impact on capital markets? Critics claim the latter and charge that they put retail and institutional investors at a disadvantage. Critics also blame high frequency trading for the...

  16. Development of High Frequency Miniature Ultrasound Transducers

    OpenAIRE

    Manh, Tung

    2013-01-01

    Small, high frequency (≥ 10MHz) broadband ultrasound transducers are required in modern medical imaging systems to provide short range, high resolution images for studying of microstructures in soft tissues, such as the composition of small tumors or a vessel wall. The manufacturing of these probes using conventional methods, i.e. lapping and dicing, becomes difficult and expensive for high frequency applications and there is a need to produce small ultrasound transducers with low cost and hi...

  17. Non-linear high-frequency waves in the magnetosphere

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Moolla; R Bharuthram; S V Singh; G S Lakhina

    2003-12-01

    Using fluid theory, a set of equations is derived for non-linear high-frequency waves propagating oblique to an external magnetic field in a three-component plasma consisting of hot electrons, cold electrons and cold ions. For parameters typical of the Earth’s magnetosphere, numerical solutions of the governing equations yield sinusoidal, sawtooth or bipolar wave-forms for the electric field.

  18. Generation of sheet currents by high frequency fast MHD waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Manuel

    2016-07-01

    The evolution of fast magnetosonic waves of high frequency propagating into an axisymmetric equilibrium plasma is studied. By using the methods of weakly nonlinear geometrical optics, it is shown that the perturbation travels in the equatorial plane while satisfying a transport equation which enables us to predict the time and location of formation of shock waves. For plasmas of large magnetic Prandtl number, this would result into the creation of sheet currents which may give rise to magnetic reconnection and destruction of the original equilibrium.

  19. Primordial high-frequency perturbations in cosmology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate, with the help of the multiple-scale method, approximate solutions of the Einstein equations which are approximately periodic and can be interpreted as containing high-frequency waves. These primordial high-frequency perturbations will have a significant influence on the background metric (back-reaction) and formation of trapped surfaces. Detection and Fourier analysis of primordial gravitational waves could in principle be used to infer the spectrum of inhomogeneities in the very early epoch of the universe. The high-frequency gravitational waves of all modes are investigated on an anisotropic Bianchi IX background. Their frequencies are related to the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian of the asymmetric rotor. In the context of the exact solitary wave solutions found on the inhomogeneous Einstein-Rosen metric, a numerical solution is presented of the complete set of equations obtained from the non-linear approximation. (Auth.)

  20. High frequency characterization of graphene nanoribbon interconnects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interconnects and nanoscale transmission lines are critical components in the design of nanoelectronic systems. In this letter, we study the high frequency characteristics of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene nanoribbon (GNR) interconnects and radio frequency propagation in GNRs embedded in a coplanar waveguide structure up to 20 GHz. An equivalent transmission line model is proposed to characterize the GNRs in high frequency regime. The strong agreement between fitting circuit parameters and measured data suggests that our model can be used in the design of nanoscale circuits in which GNRs are used to interconnect elements in the circuits. The fabricated GNRs show fairly constant characteristic impedance at high frequencies which could be useful for radio frequency interconnect applications. Our study provides an insight into microwave behavior of GNRs for developing high speed graphene devices. (paper)

  1. High frequency group pulse electrochemical machining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Gaoyang; ZHANG Zhijing; ZHANG Weimin; TANG Xinglun

    2007-01-01

    In the process of machining ultrathin metal structure parts,the signal composition of high frequency group pulse,the influence of frequency to reverse current,and the design of the cathode in high frequency group pulse electrochemical machining (HGPECM) are discussed.The experiments on process were carried out.Results indicate that HGPECM can greatly improve the characteristics of the inter-electrode gap flow field,reduce electrode passivation,and obtain high machining quality.The machining quality is obviously improved by increasing the main pulse frequency.The dimensional accuracy reaches 30-40 pro and the roughness attained is at 0.30-0.35 μm.High frequency group pulse electrochemical machining can be successfully used in machining micro-parts.

  2. High frequency and pulse scattering physical acoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Pierce, Allan D

    1992-01-01

    High Frequency and Pulse Scattering investigates high frequency and pulse scattering, with emphasis on the phenomenon of echoes from objects. Geometrical and catastrophe optics methods in scattering are discussed, along with the scattering of sound pulses and the ringing of target resonances. Caustics and associated diffraction catastrophes are also examined.Comprised of two chapters, this volume begins with a detailed account of geometrically based approximation methods in scattering theory, focusing on waves transmitted through fluid and elastic scatterers and glory scattering; surface ray r

  3. Propagation of High Frequency Waves in the Quiet Solar Atmosphere

    CERN Document Server

    Andić, Aleksandra

    2008-01-01

    High-frequency waves (5 mHz to 20mHz) have previously been suggested as a source of energy accounting partial heating of the quiet solar atmosphere. The dynamics of previously detected high-frequency waves is analysed here. Image sequences are taken using the German Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT), Observatorio del Teide, Izana, Tenerife, with a Fabry-Perot spectrometer. The data were speckle reduced and analyzed with wavelets. Wavelet phase-difference analysis is performed to determine whether the waves propagate. We observe the propagation of waves in the frequency range 10mHz to 13mHz. We also observe propagation of low-frequency waves in the ranges where they are thought to be evanescent in regions where magnetic structures are present.

  4. Propagation of High Frequency Waves in the Quiet Solar Atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andić, A.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available High-frequency waves (5 mHz to 20 mHz have previously been suggested as a source of energy accounting for partial heating of the quiet solar atmosphere. The dynamics of previously detected high-frequency waves is analysed here. Image sequences were taken by using the German Vacuum Tower Telescope (VTT, Observatorio del Teide, Izana, Tenerife, with a Fabry-Perot spectrometer. The data were speckle reduced and analysed with wavelets. Wavelet phase-difference analysis was performed to determine whether the waves propagate. We observed the propagation of waves in the frequency range 10 mHz to 13 mHz. We also observed propagation of low-frequency waves in the ranges where they are thought to be evanescent in the regions where magnetic structures are present.

  5. Launcher of high frequency heating device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present invention concerns a launcher of a high frequency heating device which emits high frequency electromagnetic waves to heat plasmas generated upon nuclear fusion by way of a bundle of waveguides. The rupture of the bundle of the waveguides due to electromagnetic force is prevented by preventing an induced large electric current in the bundle of the waveguides from flowing even if plasma disruption should occur. Namely, the launcher of the high frequency heating device transmits the high frequency electromagnetic waves by way of the bundle of the waveguides which distribute them in plurality and heat plasmas. In this case, a plurality of partitioning plates are disposed in parallel with each other each at an appropriate distance. The bundle of the waveguides is constituted by joining insulation spacers formed or coated with an electrical insulator between the opposing surfaces of the upper and the lower portions of each of the partitioning plate. With such a constitution, even if plasma disruption should occur, no large inducted current is caused in the bundle of the waveguide. In addition, the partitionings can be directly cooled to improve a cooling efficiency. (N.H.)

  6. High Frequency Trading, Information, and Takeovers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Humphery-Jenner, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper (1) proposes new variables to detect informed high-frequency trading (HFT), (2) shows that HFT can help to predict takeover targets, and (3) shows that HFT in uences target announcement announcement returns. Prior literature suggests that informed trade may occur before takeovers, but has

  7. High Frequency Trading in Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Shuo Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Financial markets have undergone tremendous changes in the last decades. Next to the automation of the trading process and the improvement in market quality, High Frequency Trading (HFT) plays a major role in financial markets. This thesis provides a background on the evolution of financial markets and the role of HFT in price discovery and the nature of its interaction with human traders.

  8. High frequency sources of gravitational waves

    OpenAIRE

    Kokkotas, Kostas D.

    2003-01-01

    Sources of high frequency gravitational waves are reviewed. Gravitational collapse, rotational instabilities and oscillations of the remnant compact objects are potentially important sources of gravitational waves. Significant and unique information for the various stages of the collapse, the evolution of protoneutron stars and the details of the equations of state of such objects can be drawn from careful study of the gravitational wave signal.

  9. Ultra-high-frequency ECG Measurement

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jurák, Pavel; Halámek, Josef; Leinveber, P.; Vondra, Vlastimil; Soukup, L.; Veselý, P.; Šumbera, J.; Zeman, K.; Martináková, L.; Juráková, Tereza; Novák, M.

    Zaragoza: Computing in Cardiology , 2013, s. 783-786. ISSN 2325-8861. [The 40th conference on Computing in Cardiology . Zaragoza (ES), 22.09.2013-25.09.2013] R&D Projects: GA MŠk EE2.4.31.0016 Institutional support: RVO:68081731 Keywords : high frequency ECG * QRS complex * heart muscle pathology Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering

  10. An ultra high frequency wideband filter

    OpenAIRE

    Pan, V.M.; Tarasov, V. F.; Futimsky, S. I.

    2008-01-01

    An ultra high frequency wideband filter was developed and fabricated. High-temperature superconductive film, sputtered in a sapphire substrate, was used as a resonator material. Loss in the filter pass band is 0.7 dB, the filter pass band is 165 MHz, its central frequency is 1877 MHz. The filter topology and amplitude-frequency responses are given.

  11. The high-frequency viscosity of dispersions

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Kruif, C. G.; Woutersen, A. T. J. M.; Mellema, J.

    1992-09-01

    Several theories for the high-frequency viscosity of hard sphere dispersions are discussed and compared with experimental results. The theories based on a virial expansion are known to be valid for low volume fractions only. We show that the most satisfactory description is given by Beenakker's multipole expansion theory.

  12. High frequency dynamics in centrifugal compressors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Twerda, A.; Meulendijks, D.; Smeulers, J.P.M.; Handel, R. van den; Lier, L.J. van

    2008-01-01

    Problems with centrifugal compressors relating to high frequency, i.e. Blade passing frequency (BPF) are increasing. Pulsations and vibrations generated in centrifugal compressors can lead to nuisance, due to strong tonal noise, and even breakdown. In several cases the root cause of a failure or a n

  13. High frequency pressure oscillator for microcryocoolers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanapalli, S; ter Brake, H J M; Jansen, H V; Zhao, Y; Holland, H J; Burger, J F; Elwenspoek, M C

    2008-04-01

    Microminiature pulse tube cryocoolers should operate at a frequency of an order higher than the conventional macro ones because the pulse tube cryocooler operating frequency scales inversely with the square of the pulse tube diameter. In this paper, the design and experiments of a high frequency pressure oscillator is presented with the aim to power a micropulse tube cryocooler operating between 300 and 80 K, delivering a cooling power of 10 mW. Piezoelectric actuators operate efficiently at high frequencies and have high power density making them good candidates as drivers for high frequency pressure oscillator. The pressure oscillator described in this work consists of a membrane driven by a piezoelectric actuator. A pressure ratio of about 1.11 was achieved with a filling pressure of 2.5 MPa and compression volume of about 22.6 mm(3) when operating the actuator with a peak-to-peak sinusoidal voltage of 100 V at a frequency of 1 kHz. The electrical power input was 2.73 W. The high pressure ratio and low electrical input power at high frequencies would herald development of microminiature cryocoolers. PMID:18447548

  14. High frequency conductivity in carbon nanotubes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Abukari

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We report on theoretical analysis of high frequency conductivity in carbon nanotubes. Using the kinetic equation with constant relaxation time, an analytical expression for the complex conductivity is obtained. The real part of the complex conductivity is initially negative at zero frequency and become more negative with increasing frequency, until it reaches a resonance minimum at ω ∼ ωB for metallic zigzag CNs and ω < ωB for armchair CNs. This resonance enhancement is indicative for terahertz gain without the formation of current instabilities induced by negative dc conductivity. We noted that due to the high density of states of conduction electrons in metallic zigzag carbon nanotubes and the specific dispersion law inherent in hexagonal crystalline structure result in a uniquely high frequency conductivity than the corresponding values for metallic armchair carbon nanotubes. We suggest that this phenomenon can be used to suppress current instabilities that are normally associated with a negative dc differential conductivity.

  15. High Frequency Trading, Information, and Takeovers

    OpenAIRE

    Humphery-Jenner, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper (1) proposes new variables to detect informed high-frequency trading (HFT), (2) shows that HFT can help to predict takeover targets, and (3) shows that HFT in uences target announcement announcement returns. Prior literature suggests that informed trade may occur before takeovers, but has not examined the role of HFT and has relied on monthly measures of informed trade (such as PIN or the spread components). I propose microstructure-based variables to detect HFT that are derived fr...

  16. Interactions among high-frequency traders

    OpenAIRE

    Benos, Evangelos; Brugler, James; Hjalmarsson, Erik; Zikes, Filip

    2015-01-01

    Using unique transactions data for individual high-frequency trading (HFT) firms in the UK equity market, we examine if the trading activity of individual HFT firms is contemporaneously and dynamically correlated with each other, and what impact this has on price efficiency. We find that HFT order flow exhibits significantly higher commonality than the order flow of a control group of investment banks, both within and across stocks. However, intraday HFT order flow commonality is associated w...

  17. High frequency impedances in European XFEL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dohlus, Martin; Zagorodnov, Igor; Zagorodnova, Olga

    2010-06-15

    The method of the optical approximation is used to estimate the high frequency impedances of different vacuum chamber transitions of the European XFEL beam line. The approximations of the longitudinal impedances are obtained in terms of simple one-dimensional integrals. The transverse impedances are written in analytical closed form. The analytical results are compared with the results obtained by numerical solution of Maxwell's equations. (orig.)

  18. High frequency pressure oscillator for microcryocoolers

    OpenAIRE

    Vanapalli, S.; Brake, ter, O.; Jansen, H.V.; Zhao, Y.; Holland, H.J.; Burger, J.F.; Elwenspoek, M.C.

    2008-01-01

    Microminiature pulse tube cryocoolers should operate at a frequency of an order higher than the conventional macro ones because the pulse tube cryocooler operating frequency scales inversely with the square of the pulse tube diameter. In this paper, the design and experiments of a high frequency pressure oscillator is presented with the aim to power a micropulse tube cryocooler operating between 300 and 80 K, delivering a cooling power of 10 mW. Piezoelectric actuators operate efficiently at ...

  19. Interannual modulation of extratropical high frequency variability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Caballero

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available A simple explanation is presented for the observed interannual changes in the dominant space and time scales of Northem Hemisphere winter extratropical high frequency variability. It is found that such changes can suc- cessfully be predicted by linearizing a 2-level quasi-geostrophic mode] in spherical geometry around the ob- served zona] mean states. The mechanisms responsible for the selection of the most unstable normal mode are investigated.

  20. High frequency drift instabilities in a dusty plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, M.; Krall, N. A.

    1994-01-01

    High frequency drift instabilities with omega(sub ce) much greater than omega which is greater than omega(sub ci) are investigated in a dusty magnetized plasma in which locally there is an electron density gradient which is opposite in sign to a dust density gradient. Two different equilibria are considered, characterized by rho(sub d) greater than L(sub d) and less than L(sub d), where rho(sub d) is the dust gyroradius and L(sub nd) is the dust density scale length. Possible application to Saturn's F-ring is discussed.

  1. Very High Frequency Switch-Mode Power Supplies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mickey Pierre

    of technologies for very high frequency switch mode power supplies. At these highly elevated frequencies normal bulky magnetics with heavy cores consisting of rare earth materials, can be replaced by air core inductors embedded in the printed circuit board. This is investigated thoroughly and both spirals......, solenoids and toroids are considered, both for use as inductors and transformers. Two control methods are also investigated, namely burst mode control and outphasing. It is shown that a very flat efficiency curve can be achieved with burst mode. A 89.5% efficient converter is implemented and the efficiency...

  2. Ionospheric modifications in high frequency heating experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Featured observations in high-frequency (HF) heating experiments conducted at Arecibo, EISCAT, and high frequency active auroral research program are discussed. These phenomena appearing in the F region of the ionosphere include high-frequency heater enhanced plasma lines, airglow enhancement, energetic electron flux, artificial ionization layers, artificial spread-F, ionization enhancement, artificial cusp, wideband absorption, short-scale (meters) density irregularities, and stimulated electromagnetic emissions, which were observed when the O-mode HF heater waves with frequencies below foF2 were applied. The implication and associated physical mechanism of each observation are discussed and explained. It is shown that these phenomena caused by the HF heating are all ascribed directly or indirectly to the excitation of parametric instabilities which instigate anomalous heating. Formulation and analysis of parametric instabilities are presented. The results show that oscillating two stream instability and parametric decay instability can be excited by the O-mode HF heater waves, transmitted from all three heating facilities, in the regions near the HF reflection height and near the upper hybrid resonance layer. The excited Langmuir waves, upper hybrid waves, ion acoustic waves, lower hybrid waves, and field-aligned density irregularities set off subsequent wave-wave and wave-electron interactions, giving rise to the observed phenomena

  3. Extremely high frequency RF effects on electronics.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loubriel, Guillermo Manuel; Vigliano, David; Coleman, Phillip Dale; Williams, Jeffery Thomas; Wouters, Gregg A.; Bacon, Larry Donald; Mar, Alan

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this work was to understand the fundamental physics of extremely high frequency RF effects on electronics. To accomplish this objective, we produced models, conducted simulations, and performed measurements to identify the mechanisms of effects as frequency increases into the millimeter-wave regime. Our purpose was to answer the questions, 'What are the tradeoffs between coupling, transmission losses, and device responses as frequency increases?', and, 'How high in frequency do effects on electronic systems continue to occur?' Using full wave electromagnetics codes and a transmission-line/circuit code, we investigated how extremely high-frequency RF propagates on wires and printed circuit board traces. We investigated both field-to-wire coupling and direct illumination of printed circuit boards to determine the significant mechanisms for inducing currents at device terminals. We measured coupling to wires and attenuation along wires for comparison to the simulations, looking at plane-wave coupling as it launches modes onto single and multiconductor structures. We simulated the response of discrete and integrated circuit semiconductor devices to those high-frequency currents and voltages, using SGFramework, the open-source General-purpose Semiconductor Simulator (gss), and Sandia's Charon semiconductor device physics codes. This report documents our findings.

  4. Ionospheric modifications in high frequency heating experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuo, Spencer P. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Polytechnic School of Engineering, New York University, 5 MetroTech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States)

    2015-01-15

    Featured observations in high-frequency (HF) heating experiments conducted at Arecibo, EISCAT, and high frequency active auroral research program are discussed. These phenomena appearing in the F region of the ionosphere include high-frequency heater enhanced plasma lines, airglow enhancement, energetic electron flux, artificial ionization layers, artificial spread-F, ionization enhancement, artificial cusp, wideband absorption, short-scale (meters) density irregularities, and stimulated electromagnetic emissions, which were observed when the O-mode HF heater waves with frequencies below foF2 were applied. The implication and associated physical mechanism of each observation are discussed and explained. It is shown that these phenomena caused by the HF heating are all ascribed directly or indirectly to the excitation of parametric instabilities which instigate anomalous heating. Formulation and analysis of parametric instabilities are presented. The results show that oscillating two stream instability and parametric decay instability can be excited by the O-mode HF heater waves, transmitted from all three heating facilities, in the regions near the HF reflection height and near the upper hybrid resonance layer. The excited Langmuir waves, upper hybrid waves, ion acoustic waves, lower hybrid waves, and field-aligned density irregularities set off subsequent wave-wave and wave-electron interactions, giving rise to the observed phenomena.

  5. High Frequency Acoustic Waves in the Sun's Atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleck, B.; Jefferies, S. M.; McIntosh, S. W.; Severino, G.; Straus, T.; Tarbell, T. D.

    2008-09-01

    This year marks the 60th anniversary of two pioneering papers by Schwarzschild (1948) and Biermann (1948), who independently proposed that acoustic waves generated in the turbulent convection zone play an important role in the heating of the chromosphere and corona. High frequency acoustic waves have remained one of the leading contenders for solving the heating problem of the non-magnetic chromospheres of the Sun and late-type stars ever since. Earlier attempts to determine the acoustic energy flux from ground were compromised by atmospheric seeing, which has its biggest effect on the high frequency parts of the observed signal. Recently, based on a comparison of TRACE observations and 1-D simulations, Fossum & Carlsson (2005, 2006) concluded that high-frequency acoustic waves are not sufficient to heat the solar chromosphere. The same conclusion was reached by Carlsson et al. (2007) from an analysis of Hinode SOT/BFI Ca II H and blue continuum observations. Other authors (e.g. Cuntz et al. 2007; Wedemeyer-Boehm et al. 2007, Kalkofen 2007), however, questioned these results for a number of reasons. Because of its limited spatial resolution and limited sensitivity there are inherent difficulties when comparing TRACE observations with numerical simulations. Further, intensity oscillations are difficult to interpret, as they result from a phase-sensitive mix of temperature and pressure fluctuations, and non-local radiation transfer effects may complicate the picture even more. Here we revisit the role of high frequency acoustic waves in the dynamics and energetics of the Sun's atmosphere using high cadence, high resolution Doppler velocity measurements obtained with SOT/SP and SOT/NFI on Hinode.

  6. High-Frequency Rayleigh-Wave Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianghai Xia; Richard D Millerg; Xu Yixian; Luo Yinhe; Chen Chao; Liu Jiangping; Julian Ivanov; Chong Zeng

    2009-01-01

    High-frequency (≥2 Hz) Rayleigh-wave data acquired with a multichannei recording sys-tem have been utilized to determine shear (S)-wave velocities in near-surface geophysics since the early 1980s. This overview article discusses the main research results of high-frequency surface-wave tech-niques achieved by research groups at the Kansas Geological Survey and China University of Geosciences in the last 15 years. The multichannel analysis of surface wave (MASW) method is a nou-iuvasive acoustic approach to estimate near-surface S-wave velocity. The differences between MASW results and direct borehole measurements are approximately 15% or less and random. Studies show that simultaneous inversion with higher modes and the fundamental mode can increase model resolution and an investigation depth. The other important seismic property, quality factor (Q), can also be estimated with the MASW method by inverting attenuation coefficients of Rayleigh waves. An inverted model (S-wave velocity or Q) obtained using a damped least-squares method can be assessed by an optimal damping vector in a vicinity of the inverted model determined by an objective function, which is the trace of a weighted sum of model-resolution and model-covariance matrices. Current developments include modeling high-frequency Rayleigh-waves in near-surface media, which builds a foundation for shallow seismic or Rayleigh-wave inversion in the time-offset domain; imaging dispersive energy with high resolution in the frequency-velocity domain and possibly with data in an arbitrary acquisition geometry, which opens a door for 3D surface-wave techniques; and successfully separating surface-wave modes, which provides a valuable tool to perform S-wave velocity profiling with high-horizontal resolution.

  7. Design of high frequency integrated analogue filters

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Yichuang

    2002-01-01

    This book brings together leading researchers to highlight recent advances and identify promising directions for future development. Motivated by the market for mobile and wireless communications, fully integrated analog filters for high-frequency applications are now receiving great interest world-wide. Chapters are dedicated to MOSFET-C and Gm-C filters, current-mode continuous-time filters, log-domain filters, switched-current filters, adaptive filters and on-chip automatic tuning. The topical nature of the book and caliber of the authors ensures that this book will be of wide interest to t

  8. High frequency ultrasonic mitigation of microbial corrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almahamedh, Hussain H.; Meegan, G. Douglas; Mishra, Brajendra; Olson, David L.; Spear, John R.

    2012-05-01

    Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) is a major problem in oil industry facilities, and considerable effort has been spent to mitigate this costly issue. More environmentally benign methods are under consideration as alternatives to biocides, among which are ultrasonic techniques. In this study, a high frequency ultrasonic technique (HFUT) was used as a mitigation method for MIC. The killing percentages of the HFUT were higher than 99.8 percent and their corrosivity on steel was reduced by more than 50 percent. The practice and result will be discussed.

  9. Ion sources for high-frequency accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ion sources are being applied increasingly in many areas of physica snd technology, from basic research in nuclear and atomic physics to energy research, isotope separation, implantation technology, surface processing and analysis all the way to biomedicine. It is impossible within the framework of this discussion to provide a comprehensive survey of the variety of available source types. The function and problems of the types important for high-frequency accelerators are to be explained using a few individual examples in order to stimulate a basic understanding for this technically sophisticated and little-known equipment. The sources discussed here supply single or multiple positively charged ions. 54 refs., 18 figs

  10. The LASI high-frequency ellipticity system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sternberg, B.K.; Poulton, M.M. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)

    1995-10-01

    A high-frequency, high-resolution, electromagnetic (EM) imaging system has been developed for environmental geophysics surveys. Some key features of this system include: (1) rapid surveying to allow dense spatial sampling over a large area, (2) high-accuracy measurements which are used to produce a high-resolution image of the subsurface, (3) measurements which have excellent signal-to-noise ratio over a wide bandwidth (31 kHz to 32 MHz), (4) large-scale physical modeling to produce accurate theoretical responses over targets of interest in environmental geophysics surveys, (5) rapid neural network interpretation at the field site, and (6) visualization of complex structures during the survey.

  11. Physics of collisional plasmas. Application to high frequency discharges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book is an introduction to collisional plasmas, these plasmas are more and more often used in industrial applications such as thermonuclear fusion, surface treatments, plasma screens or ions sources. The authors aim at an audience of third year physics students. This book is made up of 4 chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the definition of a plasma and to the description of its main features. The second chapter details the motion of a charged particle in different configurations of electric and magnetic fields, underlining the energy transfer between the electric field and the particle and the cyclotron gyration due to the magnetic field. In the third chapter the authors show how to infer the hydrodynamics equations from the Boltzmann's kinetic equation. The last chapter is dedicated to the physics processes that occur in high frequency discharges for both low and high pressure plasmas. (A.C.)

  12. Prediction of high frequency core loss for electrical steel using the data provided by manufacturer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Rakesh; Dalal, Ankit; Kumar, Praveen

    2016-07-01

    This paper describes a technique to determine the core loss data, at high frequencies, using the loss data provided by the lamination manufacturer. Steinmetz equation is used in this proposed method to determine core loss at high frequency. This Steinmetz equation consists of static hysteresis and eddy current loss. The presented technique considers the coefficients of Steinmetz equation as variable with frequency and peak magnetic flux density. The high frequency core loss data, predicted using this model is compared with the catalogue data given by manufacturer and very good accuracy has been obtained for a wide range of frequency.

  13. Noise temperature in graphene at high frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rengel, Raúl; Iglesias, José M.; Pascual, Elena; Martín, María J.

    2016-07-01

    A numerical method for obtaining the frequency-dependent noise temperature in monolayer graphene is presented. From the mobility and diffusion coefficient values provided by Monte Carlo simulation, the noise temperature in graphene is studied up to the THz range, considering also the influence of different substrate types. The influence of the applied electric field is investigated: the noise temperature is found to increase with the applied field, dropping down at high frequencies (in the sub-THz range). The results show that the low-frequency value of the noise temperature in graphene on a substrate tends to be reduced as compared to the case of suspended graphene due to the important effect of remote polar phonon interactions, thus indicating a reduced emitted noise power; however, at very high frequencies the influence of the substrate tends to be significantly reduced, and the differences between the suspended and on-substrate cases tend to be minimized. The values obtained are comparable to those observed in GaAs and semiconductor nitrides.

  14. Dynamic temperature field in the ferromagnetic plate induced by moving high frequency inductor

    OpenAIRE

    Milošević-Mitić Vesna; Maneski Taško; Anđelić Nina; Milović Ljubica; Petrović Ana; Gaćeša Branka

    2014-01-01

    The subject of the paper is the temperature distribution in the thin metallic ferromagnetic plate influenced by moving linear high frequency induction heater. As a result of high frequency electromagnetic field, conducting currents appear in the part of the plate. Distribution of the eddy-current power across the plate thickness is obtained by use of complex analysis. The influences of the heater frequency, magnetic field intensity and plate thickness on th...

  15. Complex utilization of snf processing wastes in air plasma of high-frequency torch discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karengin, A. G.; Karengin, A. A.; Podgornaya, O. D.; Shlotgauer, E. E.

    2014-10-01

    We present results of complex spent nuclear fuel wastes utilization process in air plasma of high-frequency torch discharge in form of dispersed water-organic compositions. We demonstrate the possibility to apply magnetic separation for effective extraction of obtained dispersed solid products including magnetic iron oxide from water suspension.

  16. Plasma effects in high frequency radiative transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is intended as a survey of collective plasma processes which can affect the transfer of high frequency radiation in a hot dense plasma. We are rapidly approaching an era when this subject will become important in the laboratory. For pedagogical reasons we have chosen to examine plasma processes by relating them to a particular reference plasma which will consist of fully ionized carbon at a temperature kT=1 KeV (1070K) and an electron density N = 3 x 1023cm-3, (which corresponds to a mass density rho = 1 gm/cm3 and an ion density N/sub i/ = 5 x 1022 cm-3). We will consider the transport in such a plasma of photons ranging from 1 eV to 1 KeV in energy. Such photons will probably be frequently used as diagnostic probes of hot dense laboratory plasmas

  17. High-frequency charged particle accelerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The device is refered to technical physics and may be used as a source of accelerated particles for irradiation of different objects in industry and agriculture. The device is aimed at increase of the power and enhancement of stability of the accelerator operation and decrease of its dimensions. High-frequency accelerator is composed of an accelerating cavity resonator a charged particle source and HF power supply. The aim is attained by the fact, that HF power source anode is made as one of coupling capasitor plates, the second plate of which is the nearest to anode HF power supply grid. The coupling capacitor plalte functional union with the HF power supply electrodes (anode and grid) reduces to spirious inductances of HF power supply circuit to minimum. Besides, the accelerator structure is simplified, as additional cooling system for the charged particle source is not necessary

  18. High frequency homogenisation for elastic lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Colquitt, D J; Makwana, M

    2014-01-01

    A complete methodology, based on a two-scale asymptotic approach, that enables the homogenisation of elastic lattices at non-zero frequencies is developed. Elastic lattices are distinguished from scalar lattices in that two or more types of coupled waves exist, even at low frequencies. Such a theory enables the determination of effective material properties at both low and high frequencies. The theoretical framework is developed for the propagation of waves through lattices of arbitrary geometry and dimension. The asymptotic approach provides a method through which the dispersive properties of lattices at frequencies near standing waves can be described; the theory accurately describes both the dispersion curves and the response of the lattice near the edges of the Brillouin zone. The leading order solution is expressed as a product between the standing wave solution and long-scale envelope functions that are eigensolutions of the homogenised partial differential equation. The general theory is supplemented b...

  19. Analysis of Binarized High Frequency Financial Data

    CERN Document Server

    Sazuka, N

    2006-01-01

    A non-trivial probability structure is evident in the binary data extracted from the up/down price movements of very high frequency data such as tick-by-tick data for USD/JPY. In this paper, we analyze the Sony bank USD/JPY rates, ignoring the small deviations from the market price. We then show there is a similar non-trivial probability structure in the Sony bank rate, in spite of the Sony bank rate's having less frequent and larger deviations than tick-by-tick data. However, this probability structure is not found in the data which has been sampled from tick-by-tick data at the same rate as the Sony bank rate. Therefore, the method of generating the Sony bank rate from the market rate has the potential for practical use since the method retains the probability structure as the sampling frequency decreases.

  20. Inline high frequency ultrasonic particle sizer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefebvre, F.; Petit, J.; Nassar, G.; Debreyne, P.; Delaplace, G.; Nongaillard, B.

    2013-07-01

    This paper reports the development of a new method of particle sizing in a liquid. This method uses high frequency focused ultrasounds to detect particles crossing the focal zone of an ultrasonic sensor and to determine their size distribution by processing the reflected echoes. The major advantage of this technique compared to optical sizing methods is its ability to measure the size of particles suspended in an opaque liquid without any dedicated sample preparation. Validations of ultrasonic measurements were achieved on suspensions of polymethyl methacrylate beads in a size range extending from a few micrometer to several hundred micrometer with a temporal resolution of 1 s. The inline detection of aggregate formation was also demonstrated.

  1. Dry friction damping couple at high frequencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Půst L.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The contribution deals with the application of dry friction couples for noise and vibration damping at high frequency of several kHz what brings new problems connected with the small amplitudes of relative slipping motion of contact surfaces. The most important information from the experimental results is knowledge that the value of evaluated friction coefficient can have different physical sense according to the magnitude of excitation force and to the frequency of applied vibrations. If amplitudes of motion are very small, then the external harmonic force produces only elastic micro-deformations of contacting bodies, where no slip occurs and then the traction contact force is proportional only to elastic deformation of the sample.

  2. Comparison of the High-Frequency Magnetic Fluctuations in Insulating and Superconducting La2-xSrxCuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hayden, S.M.; Aeppli, G.; Mook, H.A.; Perring, T.G.; Mason, T.E.; Cheong, S.W.; Fisk, Z.

    1996-01-01

    Inelastic neutron scattering performed at a spallation source is used to make absolute measurements of the dynamic susceptibility of insulating La2CuO4 and superconducting La1.86Sr0.14CuO4 over the energy range 15 less than or equal to (h) over bar omega less than or equal to 350 meV. The effect of...... Sr doping on the magnetic excitations is to cause a large broadening in the wave vector and a substantial change in the spectrum of the local spin fluctuations. Comparison of the two compositions reveals a new energy scale (h) over bar Gamma = 22 +/- 5 meV in La1.86Sr0.14CuO4....

  3. 10 K high frequency pulse tube cryocooler with precooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Sixue; Chen, Liubiao; Wu, Xianlin; Zhou, Yuan; Wang, Junjie

    2016-07-01

    A high frequency pulse tube cryocooler with precooling (HPTCP) has been developed and tested to meet the requirement of weak magnetic signals measurement, and the performance characteristics are presented in this article. The HPTCP is a two-stage pulse tube cryocooler with the precooling-stage replaced by liquid nitrogen. Two regenerators completely filled with stainless steel (SS) meshes are used in the cooler. Together with cold inertance tubes and cold gas reservoir, a cold double-inlet configuration is used to control the phase relationship of the HPTCP. The experimental result shows that the cold double-inlet configuration has improved the performance of the cooler obviously. The effects of operation parameters on the performance of the cooler are also studied. With a precooling temperature of 78.5 K, the maximum refrigeration capacity is 0.26 W at 15 K and 0.92 W at 20 K when the input electric power are 174 W and 248 W respectively, and the minimum no-load temperature obtained is 10.3 K, which is a new record on refrigeration temperature for high frequency pulse tube cryocooler reported with SS completely used as regenerative matrix.

  4. High-frequency waves in a plasma waveguide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis of the azimuthally symmetrical, high-frequency eigenmodes of a cylindrical metallic waveguide partially filled with a magnetized plasma is presented. Equations that permit calculation of the dispersion curves for four families of electromagnetic and electrostatic modes are derived. Numerical solutions are presented to facilitate the development of devices for generation of high-power electromagnetic radiation, charged particle acceleration, and other applications of plasma waveguides. The dependence of the cutoff frequencies, and dispersion curves of various modes on the ratio of the plasma radius a to the waveguide radius R is studied in detail. Space-charge modes are found to be strongly dependent on the radius ratio a/R. The coupling of the dispersion curves of different modes and the variation of the cutoff frequencies of HE waveguide and cyclotron modes with cyclotron frequency are illustrated for the partially filled waveguide

  5. Efficiency studies of high frequency current drive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulsed high power free-electron-lasers (FELs) offer new possibilities for the current drive in tokamaks. High intensity FELs apply to the excitation of nonlinear wave-wave processes, such as beat-waves (BW) and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS), in which large phase velocity (vph>>ve) electrostatic modes are generated. These can accelerate resonant electrons to high parallel velocities v||∼vph, which produces a slowly decaying current. Furthermore, the fast electrons with v||>>v are not toroidally trapped into banana orbits. The operation at high frequencies provides for the FEL beam an easy access into the plasma centre. This makes possible to suppress sawtooth activity by profile control and to expand the operational limits in parameter space. Raman and beat-wave methods apply particularly well to bootstrap current seeding, which may considerably enhance the overall current drive efficiency. Both Raman forward (SRS-F) and backward (SRS-B) scattering can be applied to current drive. At high, reactor relevant temperatures SRS-F is the dominant process, because SRS-B is suppressed due to heavy damping of the plasma wave. At temperatures of a few keV, SRS-B dominates because of its short gain length. In this report we shall estimate the current drive efficiency at temperatures relevant for MTX and for a tokamak reactor. We shall also consider the dependence of the efficiency on the peak intensity of FEL in these two cases. (author) 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  6. Plant Responses to High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vian, Alain; Davies, Eric; Gendraud, Michel; Bonnet, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    High frequency nonionizing electromagnetic fields (HF-EMF) that are increasingly present in the environment constitute a genuine environmental stimulus able to evoke specific responses in plants that share many similarities with those observed after a stressful treatment. Plants constitute an outstanding model to study such interactions since their architecture (high surface area to volume ratio) optimizes their interaction with the environment. In the present review, after identifying the main exposure devices (transverse and gigahertz electromagnetic cells, wave guide, and mode stirred reverberating chamber) and general physics laws that govern EMF interactions with plants, we illustrate some of the observed responses after exposure to HF-EMF at the cellular, molecular, and whole plant scale. Indeed, numerous metabolic activities (reactive oxygen species metabolism, α- and β-amylase, Krebs cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, chlorophyll content, terpene emission, etc.) are modified, gene expression altered (calmodulin, calcium-dependent protein kinase, and proteinase inhibitor), and growth reduced (stem elongation and dry weight) after low power (i.e., nonthermal) HF-EMF exposure. These changes occur not only in the tissues directly exposed but also systemically in distant tissues. While the long-term impact of these metabolic changes remains largely unknown, we propose to consider nonionizing HF-EMF radiation as a noninjurious, genuine environmental factor that readily evokes changes in plant metabolism. PMID:26981524

  7. Performance of annular high frequency thermoacoustic engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Ivan A.

    This thesis presents studies of the behavior of miniature annular thermoacoustic prime movers and the imaging of the complex sound fields using PIV inside the small acoustic wave guides when driven by a temperature gradient. Thermoacoustic engines operating in the standing wave mode are limited in their acoustic efficiency by a high degree of irreversibility that is inherent in how they work. Better performance can be achieved by using traveling waves in the thermoacoustic devices. This has led to the development of an annular high frequency thermoacoustic prime mover consisting of a regenerator, which is a random stack in-between a hot and cold heat exchanger, inside an annular waveguide. Miniature devices were developed and studied with operating frequencies in the range of 2-4 kHz. This corresponds to an average ring circumference of 11 cm for the 3 kHz device, the resonator bore being 6 mm. A similar device of 11 mm bore, length of 18 cm was also investigated; its resonant frequency was 2 kHz. Sound intensities as high as 166.8 dB were generated with limited heat input. Sound power was extracted from the annular structure by an impedance-matching side arm. The nature of the acoustic wave generated by heat was investigated using a high speed PIV instrument. Although the acoustic device appears symmetric, its performance is characterized by a broken symmetry and by perturbations that exist in its structure. Effects of these are observed in the PIV imaging; images show axial and radial components. Moreover, PIV studies show effects of streaming and instabilities which affect the devices' acoustic efficiency. The acoustic efficiency is high, being of 40% of Carnot. This type of device shows much promise as a high efficiency energy converter; it can be reduced in size for microcircuit applications.

  8. High-field (high-frequency) EPR spectroscopy and structural characterization of a novel manganese(III) corrole

    OpenAIRE

    Bendix, Jesper; Gray, Harry B.; Golubkov, Galina; Gross, Zeev

    2000-01-01

    The X-ray structure, magnetic susceptibility, and high-field (high-frequency) EPR spectrum of manganese 5,10,15-tris(pentafluorophenyl) corrole unambiguously establish that the complex contains an isolated, slightly rhombic, manganese(III) center.

  9. High Frequency QRS ECG Accurately Detects Cardiomyopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegel, Todd T.; Arenare, Brian; Poulin, Gregory; Moser, Daniel R.; Delgado, Reynolds

    2005-01-01

    High frequency (HF, 150-250 Hz) analysis over the entire QRS interval of the ECG is more sensitive than conventional ECG for detecting myocardial ischemia. However, the accuracy of HF QRS ECG for detecting cardiomyopathy is unknown. We obtained simultaneous resting conventional and HF QRS 12-lead ECGs in 66 patients with cardiomyopathy (EF = 23.2 plus or minus 6.l%, mean plus or minus SD) and in 66 age- and gender-matched healthy controls using PC-based ECG software recently developed at NASA. The single most accurate ECG parameter for detecting cardiomyopathy was an HF QRS morphological score that takes into consideration the total number and severity of reduced amplitude zones (RAZs) present plus the clustering of RAZs together in contiguous leads. This RAZ score had an area under the receiver operator curve (ROC) of 0.91, and was 88% sensitive, 82% specific and 85% accurate for identifying cardiomyopathy at optimum score cut-off of 140 points. Although conventional ECG parameters such as the QRS and QTc intervals were also significantly longer in patients than controls (P less than 0.001, BBBs excluded), these conventional parameters were less accurate (area under the ROC = 0.77 and 0.77, respectively) than HF QRS morphological parameters for identifying underlying cardiomyopathy. The total amplitude of the HF QRS complexes, as measured by summed root mean square voltages (RMSVs), also differed between patients and controls (33.8 plus or minus 11.5 vs. 41.5 plus or minus 13.6 mV, respectively, P less than 0.003), but this parameter was even less accurate in distinguishing the two groups (area under ROC = 0.67) than the HF QRS morphologic and conventional ECG parameters. Diagnostic accuracy was optimal (86%) when the RAZ score from the HF QRS ECG and the QTc interval from the conventional ECG were used simultaneously with cut-offs of greater than or equal to 40 points and greater than or equal to 445 ms, respectively. In conclusion 12-lead HF QRS ECG employing

  10. Nanocrystalline iron based powder cores for high frequency applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Gramatyka

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper was to develop a various nanocrystalline powder cores with different polymersas a binder and investigate their magnetic properties (especially permeability and power losses at highfrequency range.Design/methodology/approach: Numerous experimental techniques were used to characterize startingpowders: laser particles analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, transmission electron microscopy(TEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD and Mössbauer spectrometry (MS. The dynamic magnetic properties at thefrequency range from 50 Hz up to 100 kHz of nanocrystalline iron based powder cores were measured usingcomputerized hysteresis loop tracer Remacomp C-100 and Ferrometr device.Findings: It was found from the experimental studies, that nanocrystalline powder cores proved to be suitablefor high frequency applications. Their frequency dependences are comparable to that of permalloy or carbonyliron powder cores but shows smaller power losses.Research limitations/implications: Further studies should be undertaken in order to produce high densitycomposites with good soft magnetic properties and to find a good compromise between mechanical andmagnetic properties for power electronics applications.Practical implications: Developed nanocrystalline powder cores with permeability’s below 100 are potentialcandidates for a variety of industrial applications, such as electromagnetic interference filters, radio frequencycoupling devices, filter inductors and radio frequency tuning cores.Originality/value: Soft magnetic materials have recently regained interest as inductive component whichis a result of better raw materials, more developed technologies and a need for the materials from electricalmicromotors and low power motors for automation, robotics and other equipments. The present studycomplements and extends earlier investigations of polymer bonded powders.

  11. Cobalt Nanoparticle Inks for Printed High Frequency Applications on Polycarbonate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelo, Mikko; Myllymäki, Sami; Juuti, Jari; Uusimäki, Antti; Jantunen, Heli

    2015-12-01

    In this work the high frequency properties of low curing temperature cobalt nanoparticle inks printed on polycarbonate substrates were investigated. The inks consisted of 30-70 vol.% metallic cobalt nanoparticles and poly (methylene methacrylate) polymer, having excellent adhesion on polycarbonate and a curing temperature of 110°C. The influence of binder material content on the electromagnetic properties of the ink was investigated using the shorted microstrip transmission-line perturbation method. Changes in mechanical properties were evaluated with adhesion tests using the pull-out strength test and the ASTM D 3359-B cross-hatch tape peel test. The microstructure of the printed patterns was investigated with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The inks remained mechanically durable with metal contents up to 60 vol.%, achieving pull-off strength of up to 5.2 MPa and the highest marks in adhesion of the tape peel test. The inks obtained a relative permeability of 1.5-3 in the 45 MHz-10 GHz band with a magnetic loss tangent of 0.01-0.06. The developed inks can be utilized in various printed electronics applications such as antenna miniaturization, antenna substrates and magnetic sensors or sensing.

  12. Design and Measurement of Planar Toroidal Transformers for Very High Frequency Power Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knott, Arnold; Pejtersen, Jens

    been measured using a vector network analyzer. The inductances, magnetic coupling factor and effective turns ratio of the transformers have been extracted from the the measured Z-parameters. The measurements of the proposed transformer configuration shows promising properties for the use in resonant...... power converters for very high frequencies. The magnetic coupling factor of both transformers is approx. 60 % and the mutual coupling inductance is dominant up to a frequency of 50 MHz....

  13. Effects of interelectrode gap on high frequency and very high frequency capacitively coupled plasmas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Capacitively coupled plasma (CCP) discharges using high frequency (HF) and very high frequency (VHF) sources are widely used for dielectric etching in the semiconductor industry. A two-dimensional fluid plasma model is used to investigate the effects of interelectrode gap on plasma spatial characteristics of both HF and VHF CCPs. The plasma model includes the full set of Maxwell's equations in their potential formulation. The peak in plasma density is close to the electrode edge at 13.5 MHz for a small interelectrode gap. This is due to electric field enhancement at the electrode edge. As the gap is increased, the plasma produced at the electrode edge diffuses to the chamber center and the plasma becomes more uniform. At 180 MHz, where electromagnetic standing wave effects are strong, the plasma density peaks at the chamber center at large interelectrode gap. As the interelectrode gap is decreased, the electron density increases near the electrode edge due to inductive heating and electrostatic electron heating, which makes the plasma more uniform in the interelectrode region.

  14. Reversible tobramycin-induced bilateral high-frequency vestibular toxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, R M; Bath, A P; Bance, M L

    2000-01-01

    We report an unusual case of tobramycin-induced bilateral high-frequency vestibular toxicity with subsequent clinical and objective evidence of functional recovery. In those patients with a clinical presentation suggestive of aminoglycoside-induced bilateral vestibular toxicity (ataxia and oscillopsia) and normal low-frequency (ENG-caloric) responses, high-frequency rotation chair testing should be performed to exclude a high-frequency vestibular deficit. PMID:10810261

  15. Anomalous waiting times in high-frequency financial data

    CERN Document Server

    Scalas, E; Luckock, H; Mainardi, F; Mantelli, M; Raberto, M; Scalas, Enrico; Gorenflo, Rudolf; Luckock, Hugh; Mainardi, Francesco; Mantelli, Maurizio; Raberto, Marco

    2004-01-01

    In high-frequency financial data not only returns, but also waiting times between consecutive trades are random variables. Therefore, it is possible to apply continuous-time random walks (CTRWs) as phenomenological models of the high-frequency price dynamics. An empirical analysis performed on the 30 DJIA stocks shows that the waiting-time survival probability for high-frequency data is non-exponential. This fact imposes constraints on agent-based models of financial markets.

  16. High frequency modeling of power transformers. Stresses and diagnostics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjerkan, Eilert

    2005-05-15

    In this thesis a reliable, versatile and rigorous method for high frequency power transformer modeling is searched and established. The purpose is to apply this model to sensitivity analysis of FRA (Frequency Response Analysis) which is a quite new diagnostic method for assessing the mechanical integrity of power transformer windings on-site. The method should be versatile in terms of being able to estimate internal and external over voltages and resonances. Another important aspect is that the method chosen is suitable for real transformer geometries. In order to verify the suitability of the model for real transformers, a specific test-object is used. This is a 20MVA transformer, and details are given in chapter 1.4. The high frequency power transformer model is established from geometrical and constructional information from the manufacturer, together with available material characteristics. All circuit parameters in the lumped circuit representation are calculated based on these data. No empirical modifications need to be performed. Comparison shows capability of reasonable accuracy in the range from 10 khz to 1 MHz utilizing a disc-to-disc representation. A compromise between accuracy of model due to discretization and complexity of the model in a turn-to-turn representation is inevitable. The importance of the iron core is emphasized through a comparison of representations with/without the core included. Frequency-dependent phenomena are accurately represented using an isotropic equivalent for windings and core, even with a coarse mesh for the FEM-model. This is achieved through a frequency-dependent complex permeability representation of the materials. This permeability is deduced from an analytical solution of the frequency-dependent magnetic field inside the conductors and the core. The importance of dielectric losses in a transformer model is also assessed. Since published data on the high frequency properties of press board are limited, some initial

  17. High-frequency homogenization of zero frequency stop band photonic and phononic crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Antonakakis, Tryfon; Guenneau, Sebastien

    2013-01-01

    We present an accurate methodology for representing the physics of waves, for periodic structures, through effective properties for a replacement bulk medium: This is valid even for media with zero frequency stop-bands and where high frequency phenomena dominate. Since the work of Lord Rayleigh in 1892, low frequency (or quasi-static) behaviour has been neatly encapsulated in effective anisotropic media. However such classical homogenization theories break down in the high-frequency or stop band regime. Higher frequency phenomena are of significant importance in photonics (transverse magnetic waves propagating in infinite conducting parallel fibers), phononics (anti-plane shear waves propagating in isotropic elastic materials with inclusions), and platonics (flexural waves propagating in thin-elastic plates with holes). Fortunately, the recently proposed high-frequency homogenization (HFH) theory is only constrained by the knowledge of standing waves in order to asymptotically reconstruct dispersion curves an...

  18. Effects of high frequency current in welding aluminum alloy 6061

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish, R. E.

    1968-01-01

    Uncontrolled high frequency current causes cracking in the heat-affected zone of aluminum alloy 6061 weldments during tungsten inert gas ac welding. Cracking developed when an improperly adjusted superimposed high frequency current was agitating the semimolten metal in the areas of grain boundary.

  19. Calculation of Leakage Inductance for High Frequency Transformers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ouyang, Ziwei; Jun, Zhang; Hurley, William Gerard

    2015-01-01

    Frequency dependent leakage inductance is often observed. High frequency eddy current effects cause a reduction in leakage inductance. The proximity effect between adjacent layers is responsible for the reduction of leakage inductance. This paper gives a detailed analysis of high frequency leakag...

  20. High frequency modeling of power transformers. Stresses and diagnostics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bjerkan, Eilert

    2005-05-15

    In this thesis a reliable, versatile and rigorous method for high frequency power transformer modeling is searched and established. The purpose is to apply this model to sensitivity analysis of FRA (Frequency Response Analysis) which is a quite new diagnostic method for assessing the mechanical integrity of power transformer windings on-site. The method should be versatile in terms of being able to estimate internal and external over voltages and resonances. Another important aspect is that the method chosen is suitable for real transformer geometries. In order to verify the suitability of the model for real transformers, a specific test-object is used. This is a 20MVA transformer, and details are given in chapter 1.4. The high frequency power transformer model is established from geometrical and constructional information from the manufacturer, together with available material characteristics. All circuit parameters in the lumped circuit representation are calculated based on these data. No empirical modifications need to be performed. Comparison shows capability of reasonable accuracy in the range from 10 khz to 1 MHz utilizing a disc-to-disc representation. A compromise between accuracy of model due to discretization and complexity of the model in a turn-to-turn representation is inevitable. The importance of the iron core is emphasized through a comparison of representations with/without the core included. Frequency-dependent phenomena are accurately represented using an isotropic equivalent for windings and core, even with a coarse mesh for the FEM-model. This is achieved through a frequency-dependent complex permeability representation of the materials. This permeability is deduced from an analytical solution of the frequency-dependent magnetic field inside the conductors and the core. The importance of dielectric losses in a transformer model is also assessed. Since published data on the high frequency properties of press board are limited, some initial

  1. Sheath impedance effects in very high frequency plasma experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The frequency dependence (13.56 MHz to 70 MHz) of the ion energy distribution at the ground electrode was measured by mass spectrometry in a symmetrical capacitive argon discharge. Reduced sheath impedance at Very High Frequency allows high levels of plasma power and substrate ion flux whilst maintaining low levels of ion energy and electrode voltage. The lower limit of ion bombardment energy is fixed by the sheath floating potential at high frequency, in contrast to low frequencies where only the rf voltage amplitude is determinant. The capacitive sheaths are thinner at high frequencies which accentuates the high frequency reduction in sheath impedance. It is argued that the frequency dependence of sheath impedance is responsible for the principal characteristics of Very High Frequency plasmas. The measurements are summarised by simple physical descriptions and compared with a Particle-In-Cell simulation. (author) figs., tabs., refs

  2. High frequency behaviours and Mössbauer study of field annealed FeCuNbSiB alloy ribbons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper investigates the high frequency behaviours and magnetic anisotropy of rapidly solidified FINEMET (Fe73.5Si13.5B9Nb3Cu1) alloy ribbons annealed in an applied magnetic field. It finds that the ribbons annealed with the applied magnetic field show much higher resonance frequencies and have even higher permeability at higher frequencies than the samples annealed without the magnetic field and the non-annealed ribbons. Mössbauer spectroscopy had been employed to study the spatial distribution of the magnetic moments of five selected FINEMET alloy ribbons in different heat-treated conditions. The results show that an easy plane has been established after annealling in the magnetic field, while for the other ribbons this effect is not significant. Hence, the relationship between magnetic field annealing and high frequency property has been bridged by the bianisotropic theory. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)

  3. SINGLE PHASE HIGH FREQUENCY AC CONVERTER FOR INDUCTION HEATING APPLICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A INAYATHULLAAH,

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The proposed topology reduces the total harmonic distortion (THD of a high frequency AC/AC Converter well below the acceptable limit. This paper deals with a novel single phase AC/DC/AC soft switching utility frequency AC to high frequency AC converter. In this paper a single phase full bridge inverter with Vienna rectifier as front end is used instead of conventional diode bridge rectifier to provide continuous sinusoidal input current with nearly unity power factor at the source side with extremely low distortion.. This power converter is more suitable and acceptable for cost effective high frequency (HF consumer induction heating applications.

  4. Study of high frequency instabilities on a cold cathode reflex discharge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The cold cathode reflex discharge develops a cathode sheath of several hundreds of volts, which accelerates electrons released from the cathode to high velocities along the lines of the axial magnetic field. On the studied pressure range (4.10-4 torr -2 torr) the plasma density is about 1011 cm-3. Under certain conditions high frequency (1 5000 MHz) instabilities appear. These instabilities are found to profoundly modify the mean characteristics of the discharge. In particular, particle flow across the lines of magnetic field is found to be considerably greater than that predicted by classical diffusion theory. Theoretical considerations are presented with complementary experimental results. They show that the high frequency instabilities are a result of the fast electronic assembly accelerated through the cathode sheath. (author)

  5. High Temperature, High Frequency Fuel Metering Valve Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Active Signal Technologies and its subcontractor Moog propose to develop a high-frequency actuator driven valve intended to achieve TRL 6 by the end of Phase II....

  6. High frequency jet ventilation in fat embolism syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, A; Simpson, D

    1986-11-01

    The use of high frequency jet ventilation in the management of a patient with fat embolism syndrome is described. Its principal advantage over conventional intermittent positive pressure ventilation is a reduction in the amount of sedation necessary. PMID:3789371

  7. An inkjet vision measurement technique for high-frequency jetting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inkjet technology has been used as manufacturing a tool for printed electronics. To increase the productivity, the jetting frequency needs to be increased. When using high-frequency jetting, the printed pattern quality could be non-uniform since the jetting performance characteristics including the jetting speed and droplet volume could vary significantly with increases in jet frequency. Therefore, high-frequency jetting behavior must be evaluated properly for improvement. However, it is difficult to measure high-frequency jetting behavior using previous vision analysis methods, because subsequent droplets are close or even merged. In this paper, we present vision measurement techniques to evaluate the drop formation of high-frequency jetting. The proposed method is based on tracking target droplets such that subsequent droplets can be excluded in the image analysis by focusing on the target droplet. Finally, a frequency sweeping method for jetting speed and droplet volume is presented to understand the overall jetting frequency effects on jetting performance

  8. High Frequency Trading in the Korean Index Futures Market

    OpenAIRE

    Eun Jung Lee

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the trading behavior of high frequency trading (HFT), the impact of HFT on market quality, its role in the price discovery process, and its profitability, using a very detailed data set of the KOSPI 200 index futures market. We find that high frequency traders (HFTs) do not provide liquidity in the futures market, nor does HFT have any role in enhancing market quality. Indeed, HFT is detrimental to the price discovery process. This finding is contrary to those in the existing ...

  9. Definition, Benefits and Risks of High-Frequency Trading

    OpenAIRE

    Jakub Kučera

    2013-01-01

    The paper deals with high-frequency algorithmic trading (HFT), which has recently come to dominate some financial markets, e.g. the US equity markets. The author first attempts to establish a clear definition of high-frequency trading. With the most important characteristics having been analysed, it is concluded that such a definition would not bring more clarity into the debate over HFT. Strategies pursued by traders should be given consideration instead. On this account, the text proceeds w...

  10. High frequency components in bottlenose dolphin echolocation signals

    OpenAIRE

    Toland, Ronald W., Jr.

    1998-01-01

    The research described in this thesis is a continuation of work started by the Applied Research Laboratories of the University of Texas at Austin into the analysis of biosonar signals. Experiments conducted in 1997 on two species of small toothed whales found these species to emit significant high frequency signal components, extending to as high as 400 to 500 kHz. To assess the importance of these high frequencies in dolphin echolocation and target identification, experiments were performed ...

  11. SINGLE PHASE HIGH FREQUENCY AC CONVERTER FOR INDUCTION HEATING APPLICATION

    OpenAIRE

    M.A INAYATHULLAAH,; Dr. R. Anita

    2010-01-01

    The proposed topology reduces the total harmonic distortion (THD) of a high frequency AC/AC Converter well below the acceptable limit. This paper deals with a novel single phase AC/DC/AC soft switching utility frequency AC to high frequency AC converter. In this paper a single phase full bridge inverter with Vienna rectifier as front end is used instead of conventional diode bridge rectifier to provide continuous sinusoidal input current with nearly unity power factor at the source side with ...

  12. High frequency single mode traveling wave structure for particle acceleration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanyan, M. I.; Danielyan, V. A.; Grigoryan, B. A.; Grigoryan, A. H.; Tsakanian, A. V.; Tsakanov, V. M.; Vardanyan, A. S.; Zakaryan, S. V.

    2016-09-01

    The development of the new high frequency slow traveling wave structures is one of the promising directions in accomplishment of charged particles high acceleration gradient. The disc and dielectric loaded structures are the most known structures with slowly propagating modes. In this paper a large aperture high frequency metallic two-layer accelerating structure is studied. The electrodynamical properties of the slowly propagating TM01 mode in a metallic tube with internally coated low conductive thin layer are examined.

  13. High frequency ultrasound imaging in pupillary block glaucoma.

    OpenAIRE

    Aslanides, I M; Libre, P E; Silverman, R H; Reinstein, D Z; Lazzaro, D R; Rondeau, M J; Harmon, G K; Coleman, D J

    1995-01-01

    BACKGROUND--The diagnosis of pupillary block glaucoma requires sufficient clarity of the ocular media. This is particularly important for assessment of both the presence and patency of an iridotomy, and the determination of central anterior chamber depth. METHODS--High frequency ultrasonography was used in three patients with suspected pupillary block to determine iris configuration, posterior chamber volume, and ciliary body conformation. RESULTS--All patients demonstrated high frequency ult...

  14. Soft Switching SEPP High Frequency Inverter for Induction Heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogiwara, Hiroyuki; Nakaoka, Mutsuo

    This paper presents a novel circuit topology to attain soft switching operation of a high frequency inverter. Its output power is regulated over a wide range using a PWM control technique by connecting an auxiliary resonant circuit to the conventional single ended push pull (SEPP) high frequency inverter for induction heating. All switching devices in the proposed inverter are operated soft switching mode. This paper describes its circuit constitution and obtained experimental results from a practical point of view.

  15. SEPP-ZVS High Frequency Inverter Incorporating Auxiliary Switch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogiwara, Hiroyuki; Itoi, Misao; Nakaoka, Mutsuo

    This paper presents a novel circuit topology to attain ZVS operation of a high frequency inverter over a wide range output power regulation using a PWM control technique by connecting an auxiliary switch to the conventional single ended push-pull (SEPP) ZVS high frequency inverter. A switching current is injected into the main switches via the auxiliary switch only during the short period between its turn-on and off times to supply a current required for its ZVS operation.

  16. High frequency characteristics of medium voltage XLPE power cables

    OpenAIRE

    Mugala, Gavita

    2005-01-01

    The response of a cable can be used to analyze the variation of the material characteristics along its length. For diagnosis of possible ageing, it is necessary to know how cable design, material properties and cable insulation ageing affects the wave propagation. A cable model has therefore been worked out based upon the high frequency properties of the cable insulation and conductor systems. The high frequency characteristics of the semi-conducting screens, new and water-tree aged cross-lin...

  17. 适用于临床及动物试验的高频重复经颅磁刺激系统设计及其应用%Design and Application of High Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation System for Clinical and Animal Tests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于阳; 李玥; 张广浩; 白金柱; 吴昌哲; 霍小林

    2013-01-01

    为开展电磁刺激技术在神经调控及神经修复中的应用研究,研制了一种适用于临床及动物试验研究的高频重复经颅磁刺激(rTMS)系统,并利用该系统研究了rTMS对神经递质的影响及对脊髓损伤修复的作用.高频rTMS系统的参数由相关理论分析和仿真计算确定.系统完成后,使用慢性rTMS对SD大鼠进行15 d刺激,考察其对大鼠谷氨酸和r-氨基丁酸能系统的作用.最后,将rTMS系统与踏车训练机同步,研究rTMS对临床脊髓损伤患者康复治疗的作用.测试结果表明:研制的rTMS系统频率为0~15 Hz可调,八字(figure-eight)线圈最高磁感应强度为2.5T.动物试验结果表明:慢性rTMS能选择性地调节不同脑区谷氨酸和γ-氨基丁酸含量.临床试验结果表明,rTMS同步踏车训练治疗6周后,训练组患者的运动评分(ASIA)和脊髓损伤步行指数Ⅱ(WISCIⅡ)相比对照组高,两者具有显著性差异.由上述试验结果可知:1)研制的rTMS系统的刺激频率和磁感应强度满足设计要求;2)慢性低频经颅磁刺激可以在某些神经精神疾病类疾病治疗中发挥作用;3)不完全性胸腰段脊髓损伤患者通过经颅磁刺激同步踏车训练后,运动功能恢复可得到一定程度的促进.%For studying applications of the electromagnetic stimulation technology in neuroregeneration and neural modulation, we designed a high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) system which was fit for clinical trial and animal experiments to study the influence of rTMS on neurotransmitter and recoveries of spinal cord injury. Based on theoretical calculations and simulations, parameters of the high frequency rTMS system was determined. After the system was manufactured, chronic rTMS was used to stimulate Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats for 15 d so as to investigate the possible effect of rTMS on amino acid neurotransmitter of the rats. Furthermore, rTMS synchronizing treadmill training

  18. High frequency detectors based on superconducting tunnel junctions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review discusses high frequency detectors, in particular two examples: the quasiparticle mixer and the inductively shunted Josephson parametric amplifier. The quasiparticle mixer is now routinely operated at several radio astronomy observatories. At high frequency, in the quantum limit, photon assisted tunneling sets in and the mixer gives conversion gain. Its noise temperature is close to the ultimate quantum limit. The use of the mixer is steadily pushed upwards in frequency into the mm (and sub-mm) band. The authors discuss several high frequency obstacles: Josephson noise, Josephson interference, pair breaking, a finite number of photon assisted tunneling steps within the gap region, matching, and non-equilibrium superconductivity. A scale type experiment and modeling indicate that good conversion and low noise are possible at least up to the superconducting gap frequency. Arrays of tunnel junctions enable a higher signal saturation level of the mixer, easier-impedance match, tuning and fabrication, and a better electrical shock resistance

  19. Design of matching layers for high-frequency ultrasonic transducers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fei, Chunlong; Ma, Jianguo; Chiu, Chi Tat; Williams, Jay A.; Fong, Wayne; Chen, Zeyu; Zhu, BenPeng; Xiong, Rui; Shi, Jing; Hsiai, Tzung K.; Shung, K. Kirk; Zhou, Qifa

    2015-09-01

    Matching the acoustic impedance of high-frequency (≥100 MHz) ultrasound transducers to an aqueous loading medium remains a challenge for fabricating high-frequency transducers. The traditional matching layer design has been problematic to establish high matching performance given requirements on both specific acoustic impedance and precise thickness. Based on both mass-spring scheme and microwave matching network analysis, we interfaced metal-polymer layers for the matching effects. Both methods hold promises for guiding the metal-polymer matching layer design. A 100 MHz LiNbO3 transducer was fabricated to validate the performance of the both matching layer designs. In the pulse-echo experiment, the transducer echo amplitude increased by 84.4% and its -6dB bandwidth increased from 30.2% to 58.3% comparing to the non-matched condition, demonstrating that the matching layer design method is effective for developing high-frequency ultrasonic transducers.

  20. Switch over to the high frequency rf systems near transition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this note is to point out that since bunch narrowing naturally occurs in the acceleration process in the vicinity of transition, it should be possible to switch over to the high frequency system close to transition when the bunch has narrowed enough to fit directly into the high frequency bucket. The advantage of this approach is the simplicity, no extra components or gymnastics are required of the low frequency system. The disadvantage, of course, is for protons which do not go through transition. But on the other hand, there is no shortage of intensity for protons and so it should be possible to keep the phase space area low for protons, and then matching to the high frequency bucket should be easily accomplished by adiabatic compression. 3 refs., 7 figs

  1. High-frequency technology of grain protection from storehouse pests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of experimental investigation of physical methods are presented for suppressing of biological activity of grain and grain product pests: harmful insects at each developmental stage except eggs (Insecta), mites (Arachrida, Acariformes) and microscopic fungi and bacteria. The technologies under development for disinfestation and disinfection of grain are based on irradiation of grain by high-frequency (HF) electromagnetic fields. Is shown, that at implementation of high-frequency technology in the chamber of irradiation there are premises for destruction harmful pests. It results in increase of efficiency of destruction grain pests, with complete environmental safety

  2. Extracting cardiac myofiber orientations from high frequency ultrasound images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Xulei; Cong, Zhibin; Jiang, Rong; Shen, Ming; Wagner, Mary B.; Kirshbom, Paul; Fei, Baowei

    2013-03-01

    Cardiac myofiber plays an important role in stress mechanism during heart beating periods. The orientation of myofibers decides the effects of the stress distribution and the whole heart deformation. It is important to image and quantitatively extract these orientations for understanding the cardiac physiological and pathological mechanism and for diagnosis of chronic diseases. Ultrasound has been wildly used in cardiac diagnosis because of its ability of performing dynamic and noninvasive imaging and because of its low cost. An extraction method is proposed to automatically detect the cardiac myofiber orientations from high frequency ultrasound images. First, heart walls containing myofibers are imaged by B-mode high frequency (hearts.

  3. Free-field calibration of measurement microphones at high frequencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barrera Figueroa, Salvador; Rasmussen, Knud; Torras Rosell, Antoni;

    2011-01-01

    Measurement microphones are typically calibrated in a free field at frequencies up to 50 kHz. This is a sufficiently high frequency for the most of sound measurement applications related with noise assessment. However, other applications such as assessment of the noise emitted by ultrasound...... cleaning machines, and fail detection in aeronautic structures require that the sensitivity of the microphone is known at frequencies up to 150 kHz. Such a high frequency can only be reached using small measurement microphones with very low sensitivity. Thus, in order to extend the frequency range of free...

  4. High frequency microbubble-switched oscillations modulated by microfluidic transistors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fanghao; Dai, Xianming; Li, Chen

    2012-08-01

    Creating high frequency two-phase oscillations (HF-TPOs) remains an important goal in advancing microscale fluidic logic devices, micro-mixers, micro-actuators, and flow controls. However, thermally driven TPO frequency has been hindered by confinements of compressible vapor bubbles and low thermal diffusivity in microfluidic systems. In this study, a mechanism creating high frequency microbubbles growth/collapse cycle has been developed to achieve HF-TPOs. A "microfluidic transistor" was conceptualized and fabricated to passively sustain and modulate HF-TPOs. Three orders of magnitude higher TPO frequency has been achieved compared to TPOs reported in literatures under similar working conditions.

  5. High-frequency incremental methods for electromagnetic complex source points

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canta, Stefano Mihai

    This dissertation advances knowledge in field-based High-Frequency (HF) incremental methods for electromagnetic Complex Source Points (CSP), and its most immediate impact is a significantly faster analysis and design of reflector antennas. HF incremental methods overcome many difficulties encountered in other ray-tracing techniques, mostly when crossing shadow boundaries in the electromagnetic (EM) field predictions. The combination of HF methods with CSPs allows to speed up EM computations. CSPs are obtained by locating real electric or magnetic dipole sources in complex space. EM field patterns are derived through analytical continuation of the geometrical quantities associated with the source position; the continuation provides an exact Maxwellian description of a Gaussian Beam. When CSPs are used as basis functions, they can represent any radiated field pattern. Then, by truncating negligible beams in the direction of observation, computations are sped up compared to a plane- or spherical-wave based expansion. Because of these facts, CSPs can be used with Physical Optics (PO) based HF methods for the efficient analysis of electrically large reflectors. However, PO does not always provide accurate field predictions, especially in regions of greatest shadowing or at grazing incidence. Therefore, I developed a HF Incremental Fringe Formulation (IFF) for CSPs to provide a correction term for PO that, when added to the total PO field, recovers an accurate estimate of the scattered field at the first asymptotic order. In addition, since PO does not have caustic problems, the new fringe asymptotic recovery is free of caustics for any geometrical configuration, too. Moreover, I also introduced a double diffraction formulation for CSPs, using the Incremental Theory of Diffraction, yielding simulation results very close to those obtained with a Method of Moments (MoM) approach. Unlike ray-based methods, no tracing in complex space is necessary, and no caustics are

  6. Electrogravitational Resonance of a Gaussian Beam to a High-Frequency Relic Gravitational Wave

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芳昱; 唐孟希

    2001-01-01

    We consider the resonant response of a Gaussian beam passing through a static magnetic field to a high-frequency relic gravitational wave (GW). It is found that under the synchroresonance condition, the first-order perturbative electromagnetic energy fluxes will contain a "left circular wave" and a "right circular wave" around the symmetrical axis of the Gaussian beam, but the perturbative effects produced by the + and × polarization of the GW have a different physical behaviour. For the high-frequency relic GW with vg = 1010 Hz, h = l0-30, recently expected by the quintessential inflationary models, the corresponding perturbative photon flux passing through the region 10-2 m2 would be expected to be 104 s-1. This is the largest perturbative photon flux we have recently analysed and estimated using the typical laboratory parameters.

  7. Design, development and analysis of high voltage, high frequency transformer for dc accelerator application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper covers the design, development and analysis of High Voltage, High Frequency Transformer for DC Accelerator application. Distributed capacitance, leakage inductance, skin effect and HV Insulation are major design challenges for this type of Transformer. A prototype of 30 kV - 0 - 30 kV, 10 kHz, 500 W output power, Ferrite Core Transformer have been designed, fabricated and tested. Spice simulations have been done for estimating transformer parameters. Effect of high frequency and requirement of HV Insulation have been studied and analyzed. The effects of Magnetic Core behaviour and its losses have been studied. Based on study and test result, distributed capacitance, leakage inductance, and Transformer scheme has been optimized for 30 kV - 0 - 30 kV, 10 kHz, 10 kW output power. (author)

  8. Piping system subjected to seismic hard rock high frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A study of the influence of support gaps in the analysis of a piping system. • Piping system located within a nuclear power plant reactor containment building. • Piping system subjected to a seismic hard rock high-frequency load. • Comparison of low- and high-frequency seismic loads. • The influence on the stress response of piping and acceleration response of valves. - Abstract: This paper addresses the influence of support gaps in the analyses of a piping system when subjected to a seismic hard rock high-frequency load. The system is located within the reactor containment building of a nuclear power plant and is assessed to be susceptible to high-frequency loads. The stress response of the pipe and the acceleration response of the valves are evaluated for different support gap sizes. It is shown that the inclusion of the support gaps in the analyses reduces the stress response for almost all pipe elements. On the other hand, the acceleration response of the valves is not necessarily reduced by the consideration of the gaps

  9. High frequency microphone measurements for transition detection on airfoils

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Mads

    Time series of pressure fluctuations has been obtained using high frequency microphones distributed over the surface of airfoils undergoing wind tunnel tests in the LM Windtunnel, owned by ’LM Glasfiber’, Denmark. The present report describes the dataanalysis, with special attention given to...

  10. Alveolar pressure during high-frequency jet ventilation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. van Vught (Adrianus); A. Versprille (Adrian); J.R.C. Jansen (Jos)

    1990-01-01

    textabstractWe studied the influence of ventilatory frequency (1-5 Hz), tidal volume, lung volume and body position on the end-expiratory alveolar-to-tracheal pressure difference during high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in Yorkshire piglets. The animals were anesthetized and paralysed. Alveolar

  11. Collocations of High Frequency Noun Keywords in Prescribed Science Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Sujatha; Mukundan, Jayakaran

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the discourse of science through the study of collocational patterns of high frequency noun keywords in science textbooks used by upper secondary students in Malaysia. Research has shown that one of the areas of difficulty in science discourse concerns lexis, especially that of collocations. This paper describes a corpus-based…

  12. Planck early results. VI. The High Frequency Instrument data processing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bucher, M.; Castex, G.; Colley, J.-M.; Cressiot, C.; Delabrouille, J.; Giraud-Héraud, Y.; Kaplan, J.; Le Jeune, M.; Patanchon, G.; Piat, M.; Remazeilles, M.; Rosset, C.; Roudier, G.; Stompor, R.; Hills, R.; Hobson, M.; Stolyarov, V.; Bond, J.R.; Helou, G.; Matsumura, T.; Shellard, P.; Melin, J.-B.; Yvon, D.; Nørgaard-Nielsen, Hans Ulrik; Marleau, F.; Netterfield, C.B.; Chiang, C.; Jones, W.C.; Knox, L.; Dunkley, J.; De Bernardis, P.; Masi, S.; Nati, F.; Piacentini, F.; Kneissl, R.; Tauber, J.A.; Zacchei, A.; Mandolesi, N.; Bersanelli, M.; Guyot, G.; Désert, F.-X.; Chamballu, A.; Clements, D.L.; Jaffe, A.H.; Mortlock, D.; Novikov, D.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Chary, R.-R.; Chen, X.; Ganga, K.; Lange, A.E.; McGehee, P.; Pearson, T.J.; Rusholme, B.; Benoît, A.; Aghanim, N.; Aumont, J.; Boulanger, F.; Dole, H.; Douspis, M.; Gispert, R.; Kunz, M.; Lagache, G.; Mercier, C.; Miville-Deschênes, M.-A.; Noviello, F.; Pajot, F.; Ponthieu, N.; Puget, J.-L.; Torre, J.-P.; Vibert, L.; Benabed, K.; Bouchet, F.R.; Colombi, S.; Delouis, J.-M.; Hivon, E.; Lesgourgues, J.; Moneti, A.; Prunet, S.; Riazuelo, A.; Sygnet, J.-F.; Wandelt, B.D.; Fosalba, P.; Wiesemeyer, H.; Thum, C.; Efstathiou, G.; Van Leeuwen, F.; Bartlett, J.G.; Bock, J.J.; Doré, O.; Holmes, W.A.; Lawrence, C.R.; Mitra, S.; Prézeau, G.; Rocha, G.; Saha, R.; Wade, L.A.; Maffei, B.; Ashdown, M.; Challinor, A.; Gratton, S.; Harrison, D.; Lasenby, A.; MacTavish, C.J.; Sutton, D.; Catalano, A.; Coulais, A.; Lamarre, J.-M.; Arnaud, M.; Starck, J.-L.; Cardoso, J.-F.; Vibert, D.; Girard, D.; Hildebrandt, S.R.; MacÍas-Pérez, J.F.; Perotto, L.; Renault, C.; Santos, D.; Ansari, R.; Couchot, F.; Filliard, C.; Haissinski, J.; Henrot-Versillé, S.; Lavabre, A.; Perdereau, O.; Plaszczynski, S.; Touze, F.; Tristram, M.; Dolag, K.; Hernández-Monteagudo, C.; White, S.D.M.; McAuley, I.; Murphy, A.; Peacocke, T.; Yurchenko, V.; Crill, B.P.; Savini, G.; Bradshaw, T.; Crook, M.; Mann, R.; Ade, P.A.R.; Griffin, M.; North, C.; Spencer, L.; Sudiwala, R.; Woodcraft, A.; Sunyaev, R.; Borrill, J.; Church, S.; Osborne, S.; Bartelmann, M.; Schaefer, B.M.; Banday, A.J.; Bernard, J.-P.; Forni, O.; Giard, M.; Leroy, C.; Marshall, D.J.; Montier, L.; Pointecouteau, E.; Ristorcelli, I.; Reach, W.T.; Battaner, E.; Huffenberger, K.M.; Górski, K.M.

    2011-01-01

    We describe the processing of the 336 billion raw data samples from the High Frequency Instrument (HFI) which we performed to produce six temperature maps from the first 295 days of Planck-HFI survey data. These maps provide an accurate rendition of the sky emission at 100, 143, 217, 353, 545 and...

  13. High frequency ground temperature fluctuation in a Convective Boundary Layer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garai, A.; Kleissl, J.; Lothon, M.; Lohou, F.; Pardyjak, E.; Saïd, F.; Cuxart, J.; Steeneveld, G.J.; Yaguë, C.; Derrien, S.; Alexander, D.; Villagrasa, D.M.

    2012-01-01

    To study influence of the turbulent structures in the convective boundary layer (CBL) on the ground temperature, during the Boundary Layer Late Afternoon and Sunset Turbulence (BLLAST) observational campaign, high frequency ground temperature was recorded through infra-red imagery from 13 June - 8 J

  14. Strange effects of strong high-frequency excitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jon Juel

    2003-01-01

    Three general effects of mechanical high-frequency excitation (HFE) are described: Stiffening - an apparent change in the stiffness associated with an equilibrium; Biasing - a tendency for a system to move towards a particular state which does not exist or is unstable without HFE; and Smoothening...

  15. Automatic detection of high-frequency oscillations in invasive recordings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Havel, T.; Janča, R.; Ježdík, P.; Čmejla, R.; Kršek, P.; Jefferys, J. G. R.; Marusič, P.; Jiruška, Přemysl

    Ottawa : IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Society IEEE Ottawa Section, 2013, s. 228-232. ISBN 978-1-4673-5195-9. [IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications /8./. Gatineau (CA), 04.05.2013-05.05.2013] Institutional support: RVO:67985823 Keywords : detector * high-frequency oscillations * intracranial * electroencephalography * microelectrodes * macroelectrodes Subject RIV: FH - Neurology

  16. Enhanced High-Frequency Magnetoresistance Responses of Melt-Extracted Co-Rich Soft Ferromagnetic Microwires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, D. S.; Devkota, J.; Huong, N. T.; Srikanth, H.; Phan, M. H.

    2016-05-01

    We present the relationships between the structure, magnetic properties and high-frequency magnetoresistance (MR) effect in melt-extracted Co68.2Fe4.3B15Si12.5 microwires subject to thermal annealing. In order to release residual stresses to improve the magnetic softness while retaining the good mechanical property of an amorphous material, microwire samples were annealed at different temperatures of 100°C, 200°C, 350°C, 400°C, and 450°C for 15 min. We have shown that relative to an as-cast amorphous microwire, annealing microwires at T a = 100°C, 200°C, and 350°C improved both the magnetic softness and the MR effect, while an opposite trend was observed for the microwires annealed at T a = 400°C and 450°C. We have observed a distinct difference in the frequency dependence of MR response ( ξ) for dc applied magnetic fields below and above the effective anisotropy field of the microwires. While the microwire annealed at 200°C shows the largest MR ratio (~580%) at 100 MHz, the highest value of ξ (~34%/Oe) has been achieved at 400 MHz for the microwire annealed at 350°C. These results indicate that the optimally annealed Co68.2Fe4.3B15Si12.5 microwires are attractive candidates for high-frequency sensor applications.

  17. Effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields emitted from card readers of access control systems on electronic pocket dosimeters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deji, Shizuhiko [Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Nishizawa, Kunihide [Radioisotope Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chlkusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)]. E-mail: j45616a@nucc.cc.nagoya-u.ac.jp

    2005-06-01

    High-frequency electromagnetic fields in the 120 kHz band emitted from card readers for access control systems caused abnormally high doses on electronic pocket dosimeters (EPDs). All EPDs recovered their normal performance by resetting after the exposure ceased. The electric and magnetic immunity levels of the EPDs were estimated by using the distances needed to prevent electromagnetic interference.

  18. In-situ fabrication of particulate reinforced aluminum matrix composites under high-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Pulsed magnetic field is generated when imposing pulse signal on high-frequency magnetic field. Distribution of the inner magnetic intensity in induction coils tends to be uniform. Furthermore oscillation and disturbance phenomena appear in the melt. Insitu Al2O3 and Al3Zr particulate reinforced aluminum matrix composites have been synthesized by direct melt reaction using Al-Zr(CO3)2 components under a foreign field. The size of reinforced particulates is 2-3 μm. They are well distributed in the matrix.Thermodynamic and kinetic analysis show that high-frequency pulsed magnetic field accelerates heat and mass transfer processes and improves the kinetic condition of in-situ fabrication.

  19. Parametric Study of High Frequency Pulse Detonation Tubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutler, Anderw D.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes development of high frequency pulse detonation tubes similar to a small pulse detonation engine (PDE). A high-speed valve injects a charge of a mixture of fuel and air at rates of up to 1000 Hz into a constant area tube closed at one end. The reactants detonate in the tube and the products exit as a pulsed jet. High frequency pressure transducers are used to monitor the pressure fluctuations in the device and thrust is measured with a balance. The effects of injection frequency, fuel and air flow rates, tube length, and injection location are considered. Both H2 and C2H4 fuels are considered. Optimum (maximum specific thrust) fuel-air compositions and resonant frequencies are identified. Results are compared to PDE calculations. Design rules are postulated and applications to aerodynamic flow control and propulsion are discussed.

  20. Extended High Frequency Audiometry in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuneyt Kucur

    2013-01-01

    and BMI of PCOS and control groups were comparable. Each subject was tested with low (250–2000 Hz, high (4000–8000 Hz, and extended high frequency audiometry (8000–20000. Hormonal and biochemical values including LH, LH/FSH, testosterone, fasting glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-I, and CRP were calculated. Results. PCOS patients showed high levels of LH, LH/FSH, testosterone, fasting insulin, glucose, HOMA-I, and CRP levels. The hearing thresholds of the groups were similar at frequencies of 250, 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz; statistically significant difference was observed in 8000–14000 Hz in PCOS group compared to control group. Conclusion. PCOS patients have hearing impairment especially in extended high frequencies. Further studies are needed to help elucidate the mechanism behind hearing impairment in association with PCOS.

  1. Gravitational Wave Detection with High Frequency Phonon Trapping Acoustic Cavities

    CERN Document Server

    Goryachev, Maxim

    2014-01-01

    There are a number of theoretical predictions for astrophysical and cosmological objects, which emit high frequency ($10^6-10^9$~Hz) Gravitation Waves (GW) or contribute somehow to the stochastic high frequency GW background. Here we propose a new sensitive detector in this frequency band, which is based on existing cryogenic ultra-high quality factor quartz Bulk Acoustic Wave cavity technology, coupled to near-quantum-limited SQUID amplifiers at $20$~mK. We show that spectral strain sensitivities reaching $10^{-22}$ per $\\sqrt{\\text{Hz}}$ per mode is possible, which in principle can cover the frequency range with multiple ($>100$) modes with quality factors varying between $10^6-10^{10}$ allowing wide bandwidth detection. Due to its compactness and well established manufacturing process, the system is easily scalable into arrays and distributed networks that can also impact the overall sensitivity and introduce coincidence analysis to ensure no false detections.

  2. Three dimensional analysis of high frequency induction welding phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High frequency induction welding is widely employed for longitudinal seam welding of small scale tubes and pipes because of its relatively high processing speed and efficiency. This research is aimed at understanding the variables that affect the quality of the high frequency induction welding. The welding variables include the welding frequency, weld speed, V-angle and tube thickness. Temperature distribution of the tube is calculated through three dimensional coupled electromagnetic and thermal FE analysis. The skin and proximity effects are considered in the electromagnetic analysis. The influence of the impeder is also analyzed. The effects of the operating welding variables on the temperature distribution are investigated quantitatively by exhibiting the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ). The results explain the mechanism of significant enhancement of welding efficiency when the impeder is used. The proper welding conditions without the overheated edge are obtained through FE analysis

  3. Extraction of ULSI Interconnect Resistance at High Frequencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO Xia; JIAN Duanduan; YAO Suying; ZHANG Shengcai; RUAN Gang

    2005-01-01

    Correct extraction of the ultra-large-scale integrated (ULSI) interconnect components at hight frequencies is very important for evaluating electrical performances of high-speed ULSI circuits.In this paper, the extraction of the interconnect resistance at high frequencies is derived from the Ohm′s law and verified by the software FastHenry.The results are also compared with those of another resistance formula originated from the effective area of the current flowing. The applicability of these two formulae is discussed.The influence of the interconnect geometry on the resistance at high frequencies is studied.The computation indicates that the effect of frequency on the resistance is weak when the skin depth is larger than half of the short side of the rectangular interconnect cross section.With further increase of frequency, the resistance increases obviously. Results imply that conductor with a square cross section exhibits the largest resistance for rectangular conductors of constant cross section area.

  4. Inference from high-frequency data: A subsampling approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kim; Podolskij, Mark; Thamrongrat, Nopporn;

    copies of the original statistic based on local stretches of high-frequency data, and then it studies the sampling variation of these. We show that our estimator is consistent both in frictionless markets and models with additive microstructure noise. We derive a rate of convergence for it and are also...... able to determine an optimal rate for its tuning parameters (e.g., the number of subsamples). Subsampling does not require an extra set of estimators to do inference, which renders it trivial to implement. As a variance-covariance matrix estimator, it has the attractive feature that it is positive semi-definite...... facilitates assessment of the sampling errors inherent in high-frequency estimation of volatility. We highlight the finite sample properties of the subsampler in a Monte Carlo study, while some initial empirical work demonstrates its use to draw feasible inference about volatility in financial markets....

  5. High frequency analyses of coastal meteorological phenomena affecting refractivity

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Anthony A.

    1991-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited An eastern Pacific Ocean survey was conducted 7-10 May 1991 along the California coast to determine temporal and spatial variability in refractive conditions. Refractive profiles obtained from high frequency radiosonde measurements at shore sites and a ship plus continuous shipboard surface measurements found a high degree of refractive variability to be present associated with frontal passage. Local and synoptic scale conditions wer...

  6. Machines vs. Machines: High Frequency Trading and Hard Information

    OpenAIRE

    Huh, Yesol

    2014-01-01

    In today's markets where high frequency traders (HFTs) act as both liquidity providers and takers, I argue that information asymmetry induced by liquidity-taking HFTs' use of machine-readable information is important. This particular type of information asymmetry arises because some machines may access the information before other machines or because of randomness in relative speed. Applying a novel statistical approach to measure HFT activity through limit order book data and using a natural...

  7. ELECTRONIC TRANSACTIONS AS HIGH-FREQUENCY INDICATORS OF ECONOMICS ACTIVITY

    OpenAIRE

    John Galbraith; Greg Tkacz

    2008-01-01

    Since the advent of standard national accounts data over 60 years ago, economists have relied on monthly or quarterly data supplied by central statistical agencies for macroeconomics modelling and forecasting. However, technological advances of the past several years have resulted in new high-frequency data sources that could potentially provide more accurate and timely information on the current level of economic activity. In this paper we explore the usefulness of electronic transactions as...

  8. Electronic transactions as high-frequency indicators of economic activity

    OpenAIRE

    Galbraith, John W.; Tkacz, Greg

    2007-01-01

    Since the advent of standard national accounts data over 60 years ago, economists have traditionally relied on monthly or quarterly data supplied by central statistical agencies for macroeconomic modelling and forecasting. However, technological advances of the past several years have resulted in new high-frequency data sources that could potentially provide more accurate and timely information on the current level of economic activity. In this paper we explore the usefulness of electronic tr...

  9. Neuropathy in female dental personnel exposed to high frequency vibrations.

    OpenAIRE

    Akesson, I; Lundborg, G.; Horstmann, V; Skerfving, S

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To evaluate early neuropathy in dental personnel exposed to high frequency vibrations. METHODS--30 dentists and 30 dental hygienists who used low and high speed hand pieces and ultrasonic scalers were studied, and 30 dental assistants and 30 medical nurses not exposed to vibration (all women). Vibrotactile sensibility, strength, motor performance, sensorineural symptoms and signs, and vascular symptoms in the hands, as well as mercury concentrations in biological samples and cervic...

  10. Disentangling high-frequency traders' role in ETF mispricing

    OpenAIRE

    Isola, J

    2014-01-01

    Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) should trade at a price equal to their fundamental Net Asset Value (NAV). However, ETFs’ can occasionally pose economically significant premiums/discounts to their NAV prices, i.e. arbitrage opportunities. The theoretical part focuses on ETF arbitrage and explains why this arbitrage trading is attractive to high-frequency traders (HFTs). In the empirical part, we introduce HFT activity proxies to a factor model explaining the observed SPDR trust (SPY) premiums dur...

  11. The Self-Financing Equation in High Frequency Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Rene Carmona; Kevin Webster

    2013-01-01

    High Frequency Trading (HFT) represents an ever growing proportion of all financial transactions as most markets have now switched to electronic order book systems. The main goal of the paper is to propose continuous time equations which generalize the self-financing relationships of frictionless markets to electronic markets with limit order books. We use NASDAQ ITCH data to identify significant empirical features such as price impact and recovery, rough paths of inventories and vanishing bi...

  12. Optimal high frequency strategy in an omniscient order book

    OpenAIRE

    Anane, Marouane; Abergel, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to quantify the low latency advantage of High Frequency Trading (HFT) and to compute, empirically, an optimal holding period of a HF trader. Critics claim that low latency leads to information asymmetry victimizing retail investors. However, objective studies measuring the gain due to this asymmetry are rare. In order to perform the study, new methods are introduced in this paper, in particular, the optimal strategy problem is formulated and ideas are given to compute...

  13. Alveolar pressure during high-frequency jet ventilation

    OpenAIRE

    Vught, Adrianus; Versprille, Adrian; Jansen, Jos

    1990-01-01

    textabstractWe studied the influence of ventilatory frequency (1-5 Hz), tidal volume, lung volume and body position on the end-expiratory alveolar-to-tracheal pressure difference during high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in Yorkshire piglets. The animals were anesthetized and paralysed. Alveolar pressure was estimated with the clamp off method, which was performed by a computer controlled ventilator and which had been extensively tested on its feasibility. The alveolar-to-tracheal pressure...

  14. High Frequency VLBI Studies of Sagittarius A* and NRAO 530

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Ru-Sen

    2010-01-01

    Compact radio sources (Kellermann & Pauliny-Toth 1981) are widely accepted to be associated with supermassive black holes at the centers of active galaxies. Very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations at short millimeter wavelengths offer the unique advantage to look ``deeper" into the central core regions. In this thesis we study two com pact radio sources (Sagittarius A* and NRAO 530) with high frequency VLBI techniques. As a starting point, we give in Chapter 1 a general introduc...

  15. High frequency homogenization for travelling waves in periodic media

    OpenAIRE

    Harutyunyan, Davit; Craster, Richard V.; Milton, Graeme W.

    2016-01-01

    We consider high frequency homogenization in periodic media for travelling waves of several different equations: the wave equation for scalar-valued waves such as acoustics; the wave equation for vector-valued waves such as electromagnetism and elasticity; and a system that encompasses the Schr{\\"o}dinger equation. This homogenization applies when the wavelength is of the order of the size of the medium periodicity cell. The travelling wave is assumed to be the sum of two waves: a modulated B...

  16. Ultra high frequency induction welding of powder metal compacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cavdar, U.; Gulsahin, I.

    2014-10-01

    The application of the iron based Powder Metal (PM) compacts in Ultra High Frequency Induction Welding (UHFIW) were reviewed. These PM compacts are used to produce cogs. This study investigates the methods of joining PM materials enforceability with UHFIW in the industry application. Maximum stress and maximum strain of welded PM compacts were determined by three point bending and strength tests. Microhardness and microstructure of induction welded compacts were determined. (Author)

  17. High frequency financial time series prediction: machine learning approach

    OpenAIRE

    Zankova, Ekaterina

    2016-01-01

    Machine learning is a rapidly evolving subfield of computer science. It has enormous amount of applications. One of the application domains is financial data analysis. Machine learning was usually applied for analysis and forecasting of daily financial time series. Availability of high frequency financial data became another challenge with its own specifics and difficulties. Regressors, being a significant part of machine learning field, have been selected as study subjects for this project. ...

  18. Acoustic characterisation of ultrasound contrast agents at high frequency

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Chao

    2013-01-01

    This thesis aims to investigate the acoustic properties of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) at high ultrasound frequencies. In recent years, there has been increasing development in the use of high frequency ultrasound in the fields of preclinical, intravascular, ophthalmology and superficial tissue imaging. Although research studying the acoustic response of UCAs at low diagnostic ultrasonic frequencies has been well documented, quantitative information on the acoustical prop...

  19. A comparison of high-frequency cross-correlation measures

    OpenAIRE

    Precup, O. V.; Iori, G.

    2004-01-01

    On a high-frequency scale the time series are not homogeneous, therefore standard correlation measures can not be directly applied to the raw data. There are two ways to deal with this problem. The time series can be homogenised through an interpolation method [1] (linear or previous tick) and then the Pearson correlation statistic computed. Recently, methods that can handle raw non-synchronous time series have been developed [2,4]. This paper compares two traditional methods that use interpo...

  20. Should High-Frequency Ventilation in the Adult Be Abandoned?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Albert P; Schmidt, Ulrich H; MacIntyre, Neil R

    2016-06-01

    High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) can improve ventilation-perfusion matching without excessive alveolar tidal stretching or collapse-reopening phenomenon. This is an attractive feature in the ventilation of patients with ARDS. However, two recent large multi-center trials of HFOV failed to show benefits in this patient population. The following review addresses whether, in view of these trails, HFOV should be abandoned in the adult population? PMID:27235314

  1. Alternative electronic packaging concepts for high frequency electronics

    OpenAIRE

    Siebert, Wolfgang Peter

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the research work presented here, is to contribute to the adaptation of electronic packaging towards the needs of high frequency applications. As the field of electronic packaging stretches over several very different professional areas, it takes an interdisciplinary approach to optimize the technology of electronic packaging. Besides this, an extensive knowledge of industrial engineering should be an essential part of this undertaking to improve electronic packaging. Customary adv...

  2. High-frequency, Algorithmic Spillovers Between NASDAQ and Forex

    OpenAIRE

    Takatoshi Ito; Masahiro Yamada

    2015-01-01

    We empirically examine the order flows spillovers between Nasdaq and the Forex markets in 2008 and 2009. With emphasis on a role of high-frequency traders (HFTs) who aggregate information between the two markets as well as within each market, our results show that HFTs in Nasdaq trade intensively on the market-wide information more rapidly than other market participants, and that their order flows contain more information about the Forex rates than those of the Forex themselves. As a result, ...

  3. Factor High-Frequency Based Volatility (HEAVY) Models

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin Sheppard

    2014-01-01

    We propose a new class of multivariate volatility models utilizing realized measures of asset volatility and covolatility extracted from high-frequency data. Dimension reduction for estimation of large covariance matrices is achieved by imposing a factor structure with time-varying conditional factor loadings. Statistical properties of the model, including conditions that ensure covariance stationary or returns, are established. The model is applied to modeling the conditional covariance data...

  4. High-frequency oscillations and the neurobiology of schizophrenia

    OpenAIRE

    Uhlhaas, Peter J; Singer, Wolf

    2013-01-01

    Neural oscillations at low- and high-frequency ranges are a fundamental feature of large-scale networks. Recent evidence has indicated that schizophrenia is associated with abnormal amplitude and synchrony of oscillatory activity, in particular, at high (beta/gamma) frequencies. These abnormalities are observed during task-related and spontaneous neuronal activity which may be important for understanding the pathophysiology of the syndrome. In this paper, we shall review the current evidence ...

  5. High-Frequency and Model-Free Volatility Estimators

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Ślepaczuk; Grzegorz Zakrzewski

    2009-01-01

    This paper focuses on volatility of financial markets, which is one of the most important issues in finance, especially with regard to modeling high-frequency data. Risk management, asset pricing and option valuation techniques are the areas where the concept of volatility estimators (consistent, unbiased and the most efficient) is of crucial concern. Our intention was to find the best estimator of true volatility taking into account the latest investigations in finance literature. Basing on ...

  6. Resonance of Gaussian Electromagnetic Field to the High Frequency Gravitational Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jin; Zhang, Lu; Lin, Kai; Wen, Hao

    2016-08-01

    We consider a Gaussian Beam (GB) resonant system for high frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs) detection. At present, we find the optimal signal strength in theory through setting the magnetic component of GB in a standard gaussian form. Under the synchro-resonance condition, we study the signal strength (i.e., transverse perturbative photon fluxes) from the relic HFGWs (predicted by ordinary inflationary model) and the braneworld HFGWs (from braneworld scenarios). Both of them would generate potentially detectable transverse perturbative photon fluxes (PPFs). Furthermore we find optimal system parameters and the relationship between frequency and effective width of energy fluxes accumulation.

  7. High-Frequency Link Inverter for Fuel Cells Based on Multiple-Carrier PWM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    HIGH-FREQUENCY (I-IF) ac link inverter topologies, with or without soft switching, have important practical advantages compared to more conventional dc link inverters in terms of isolation, size of magnetics, and other properties. It is possible to obtain these basic advantages directly in a conventional PWM inverter with trans former-coupled output, but only if the transformer can handle the low modulating frequency. HF link topologies have not been common for medium power (1 to 20kW), largely because of the number of power stages and control complexity.

  8. Spin Relaxation Caused by Thermal Excitations of High Frequency Modes of Cantilever Vibrations

    CERN Document Server

    Berman, G P; Rugar, D; Tsifrinovich, V I

    2003-01-01

    We consider the process of spin relaxation in the oscillating cantilever-driven adiabatic reversals technique in magnetic resonance force microscopy. We simulated the spin relaxation caused by thermal excitations of the high frequency cantilever modes in the region of the Rabi frequency of the spin sub-system. The minimum relaxation time obtained in our simulations is greater but of the same order of magnitude as one measured in recent experiments. We demonstrated that using a cantilever with nonuniform cross-sectional area may significantly increase spin relaxation time.

  9. On high frequency Cherenkov-type radiation in pulsar magnetospheric electron-positron plasma

    CERN Document Server

    Machabeli, George

    2014-01-01

    Emission process of a charged particle propagating in a medium with a curved magnetic field is considered. This mechanism combines features of conventional Cherenkov and curvature emission. Thus, presence of a medium with the index of refraction larger than the unity is essential for the emission. In the present paper the generation of high frequency radiation by the mentioned mechanism is considered. The generated waves are vacuum-like electromagnetic waves and may leave the medium directly. Consequently, this emission mechanism may be important for the problem of pulsar X-ray and gamma-ray emission generation.

  10. Resonance of Gaussian Electromagnetic Field to the High Frequency Gravitational Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jin; Zhang, Lu; Lin, Kai; Wen, Hao

    2016-04-01

    We consider a Gaussian Beam (GB) resonant system for high frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs) detection. At present, we find the optimal signal strength in theory through setting the magnetic component of GB in a standard gaussian form. Under the synchro-resonance condition, we study the signal strength (i.e., transverse perturbative photon fluxes) from the relic HFGWs (predicted by ordinary inflationary model) and the braneworld HFGWs (from braneworld scenarios). Both of them would generate potentially detectable transverse perturbative photon fluxes (PPFs). Furthermore we find optimal system parameters and the relationship between frequency and effective width of energy fluxes accumulation.

  11. Characteristics of high frequency radio wave propagated in heated ionospheric regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang HE; Zhengyu ZHAO

    2009-01-01

    A two-dimensional Ohm heating theoretic model in the magnetizing ionosphere and a ray-tracing model in a discrete ionosphere background are used to analyze quantitatively the characteristics (mainly the Doppler shift and the phase shift) of the over-the-horizon radar (OTHR) wave, which propagates through the ionospheric region heated by high frequency radio wave.The simulation results about the Doppler and the phase shift are obtained within two minutes after the heater is on.Preliminary conclusions are given by comparing the numerical results with experimental data.

  12. The Origin of High-Frequency Hearing in Whales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Churchill, Morgan; Martinez-Caceres, Manuel; de Muizon, Christian; Mnieckowski, Jessica; Geisler, Jonathan H

    2016-08-22

    Odontocetes (toothed whales) rely upon echoes of their own vocalizations to navigate and find prey underwater [1]. This sensory adaptation, known as echolocation, operates most effectively when using high frequencies, and odontocetes are rivaled only by bats in their ability to perceive ultrasonic sound greater than 100 kHz [2]. Although features indicative of ultrasonic hearing are present in the oldest known odontocetes [3], the significance of this finding is limited by the methods employed and taxa sampled. In this report, we describe a new xenorophid whale (Echovenator sandersi, gen. et sp. nov.) from the Oligocene of South Carolina that, as a member of the most basal clade of odontocetes, sheds considerable light on the evolution of ultrasonic hearing. By placing high-resolution CT data from Echovenator sandersi, 2 hippos, and 23 fossil and extant whales in a phylogenetic context, we conclude that ultrasonic hearing, albeit in a less specialized form, evolved at the base of the odontocete radiation. Contrary to the hypothesis that odontocetes evolved from low-frequency specialists [4], we find evidence that stem cetaceans, the archaeocetes, were more sensitive to high-frequency sound than their terrestrial ancestors. This indicates that selection for high-frequency hearing predates the emergence of Odontoceti and the evolution of echolocation. PMID:27498568

  13. High frequency resolution terahertz time-domain spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangala, Bagvanth Reddy

    2013-12-01

    A new method for the high frequency resolution terahertz time-domain spectroscopy is developed based on the characteristic matrix method. This method is useful for studying planar samples or stack of planar samples. The terahertz radiation was generated by optical rectification in a ZnTe crystal and detected by another ZnTe crystal via electro-optic sampling method. In this new characteristic matrix based method, the spectra of the sample and reference waveforms will be modeled by using characteristic matrices. We applied this new method to measure the optical constants of air. The terahertz transmission through the layered systems air-Teflon-air-Quartz-air and Nitrogen gas-Teflon-Nitrogen gas-Quartz-Nitrogen gas was modeled by the characteristic matrix method. A transmission coefficient is derived from these models which was optimized to fit the experimental transmission coefficient to extract the optical constants of air. The optimization of an error function involving the experimental complex transmission coefficient and the theoretical transmission coefficient was performed using patternsearch algorithm of MATLAB. Since this method takes account of the echo waveforms due to reflections in the layered samples, this method allows analysis of longer time-domain waveforms giving rise to very high frequency resolution in the frequency-domain. We have presented the high frequency resolution terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of air and compared the results with the literature values. We have also fitted the complex susceptibility of air to the Lorentzian and Gaussian functions to extract the linewidths.

  14. High voltage beam power source for high frequency heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, the importance of the plasma heating by high frequency electric power has increased in the research and development of nuclear fusion. There are three methods in the plasma heating by high frequency electric power, that is, electron cyclotron heating, lower hybrid resonance frequency heating and ion cyclotron range of frequency heating. In all cases, the vacuum tubes requiring high voltage beam power sources are used as the high frequency electric power generator, and the typical vacuum tubes are a gyrotron in ECH, a Klystron in LHRF and a quadrupole tube in ICRF. The gyrotron is a special millimeter wave vibrating tube, while the other two are amplifying tubes, accordingly, severe specification is imposed on the stability of beam voltage and the protection function against load short circuit of the gyrotron. The typical specifications of beam power sources are shown. The vibrating characteristics of a gyrotron are dependent largely on beam voltage and anode voltage. The beam power source for a gyrotron is the type using commercial power or the output of a flywheel generator on-line, or the type making the constant voltage control of the energy accumulated in a condenser bank and supplying it to a gyrotron. The control of beam voltage and anode voltage in the beam power source for a gyrotron and the protection of a gyrotron are discussed. (Kako, I.)

  15. Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites for high-frequency multilayer inductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sintering behavior, microstructure and permeability of Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites BaCoxTixFe12−2xO19 (1.0≤x≤1.4) was studied for applications as multilayer inductors in the high-frequency range up to 2 GHz. Single-phase M-type ferrites were obtained after calcination at 1000 °C. The saturation magnetization and coercivity decrease with x and hysteresis measurements illustrate a gradual transition of the anisotropy from uniaxial to planar. Addition of 5 wt% of a BBSZ glass allows densification at 900 °C through liquid-phase sintering. The permeability of samples sintered at 900 °C increases with the Co/Ti substitution and reaches its maximum of µ′=16 at 1 MHz at x=1.3 with a resonance frequency fr≥1 GHz. Monolithic ferrite multilayer inductors were fabricated with printed Ag coil patterns by co-firing at 900 °C. It is shown that Co/Ti-substituted hexagonal M-type ferrite is an excellent material for the high-frequency multilayer inductors. - Highlights: • Saturation magnetization and coercivity of Co–Ti substituted M-type hexaferrites BaFe12−2xCoxTixO19 decrease with x. • Ferrites were sintered at low-temperature of T=900 °C using a BBSZ glass additive. • Large initial permeability of µ′=17 was obtained at x=1.3 for low-temperature sintered Co/Ti-substituted ferrites. • Monolithic ferrite multilayer inductor with Co/Ti substituted M-type ferrite layers and Ag metallization was cofired at 900 °C. • Demonstrates, that monolithic ferrite multilayer based on Co/Ti substituted hexagonal ferrites can be operated up to high frequency of 1 GHz

  16. Engineering Graphene Conductivity for Flexible and High-Frequency Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Alexander J; Carey, J David

    2015-10-14

    Advances in lightweight, flexible, and conformal electronic devices depend on materials that exhibit high electrical conductivity coupled with high mechanical strength. Defect-free graphene is one such material that satisfies both these requirements and which offers a range of attractive and tunable electrical, optoelectronic, and plasmonic characteristics for devices that operate at microwave, terahertz, infrared, or optical frequencies. Essential to the future success of such devices is therefore the ability to control the frequency-dependent conductivity of graphene. Looking to accelerate the development of high-frequency applications of graphene, here we demonstrate how readily accessible and processable organic and organometallic molecules can efficiently dope graphene to carrier densities in excess of 10(13) cm(-2) with conductivities at gigahertz frequencies in excess of 60 mS. In using the molecule 3,6-difluoro-2,5,7,7,8,8-hexacyanoquinodimethane (F2-HCNQ), a high charge transfer (CT) of 0.5 electrons per adsorbed molecule is calculated, resulting in p-type doping of graphene. n-Type doping is achieved using cobaltocene and the sulfur-containing molecule tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) with a CT of 0.41 and 0.24 electrons donated per adsorbed molecule, respectively. Efficient CT is associated with the interaction between the π electrons present in the molecule and in graphene. Calculation of the high-frequency conductivity shows dispersion-less behavior of the real component of the conductivity over a wide range of gigahertz frequencies. Potential high-frequency applications in graphene antennas and communications that can exploit these properties and the broader impacts of using molecular doping to modify functional materials that possess a low-energy Dirac cone are also discussed. PMID:26387636

  17. Design of 1 MHz solid state high frequency power supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A High Voltage High Frequency (HVHF) Power supply is used for various applications, like AM Transmitters, metallurgical applications, Wireless Power Transfer, RF Ion Sources, etc. The Ion Source for a Neutral beam Injector at ITER-India uses inductively coupled power source at High Frequency (∼ 1 MHz). Switching converter based topology used to generate 1 MHz sinusoidal output is expected to have advantages on efficiency and reliability as compared to traditional RF Tetrode tubes based oscillators. In terms of Power Electronics, thermal and power coupling issues are major challenges at such a high frequency. A conceptual design for a 200 kW, 1 MHz power supply and a prototype design for a 600W source been done. The prototype design is attempted with Class-E amplifier topology where a MOSFET is switched resonantly. The prototype uses two low power modules and a ferrite combiner to add the voltage and power at the output. Subsequently solution with class-D H-Bridge configuration have been evaluated through simulation where module design is stable as switching device do not participate in resonance, further switching device voltage rating is substantially reduced. The rating of the modules is essentially driven by the maximum power handling capacity of the MOSFETs and ferrites in the combiner circuit. The output passive network including resonance tuned network and impedance matching network caters for soft switching and matches the load impedance to 50 ohm respectively. This paper describes the conceptual design of a 200 kW power supply and experimental results of the prototype 600 W, 1 MHz source. (author)

  18. High-Frequency Shear Viscosity of Low-Viscosity Liquids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaatze, U.; Behrends, R.

    2014-11-01

    A thickness shear quartz resonator technique is described to measure the shear viscosity of low-viscosity liquids in the frequency range from 6 MHz to 130 MHz. Examples of shear-viscosity spectra in that frequency range are presented to show that various molecular processes are accompanied by shear-viscosity relaxation. Among these processes are conformational variations of alkyl chains, with relaxation times of about 0.3 ns for -pentadecane and -hexadecane at 25 C. These variations can be well represented in terms of a torsional oscillator model. Also featured briefly are shear-viscosity relaxations associated with fluctuations of hydrogen-bonded clusters in alcohols, for which values between 0.3 ns (-hexanol) and 1.5 ns (-dodecanol) have been found at 25 C. In addition, the special suitability of high-frequency shear-viscosity spectroscopy to the study of critically demixing mixtures is demonstrated by some illustrative examples. Due to slowing, critical fluctuations do not contribute to the shear viscosity at sufficiently high frequencies of measurements so that the non-critical background viscosity of critical systems can be directly determined from high-frequency shear-viscosity spectroscopy. Relaxations in appear also in the shear-viscosity spectra with, for example, 2 ns for the critical triethylamine-water binary mixture at temperatures between 10 C and 18 C. Such relaxations noticeably influence the relaxation rate of order parameter fluctuations. They may be also the reason for the need of a special mesoscopic viscosity when mutual diffusion coefficients of critical polymer solutions are discussed in terms of mode-coupling theory.

  19. First experience of high-frequency magnetometric probe on light Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epov, Michail; Firsov, Andrei; Zligostev, Igor; Dyadkov, Petr; Savluk, Andrei; Weisman, Petr

    2015-04-01

    In 2014 IPGG SB RAS created the first example of aero geophysical device with magnetometric channel for light UAV. Sensitivity of the magnetometric sensor is 70 pTl, the sensitivity of the whole complex is about 1 nTl. Frequency of the created magnetometric channel is 1500 Hz. All experimental work using of high-frequency magnetometric probe (HFMP) based on light UAV were conducted parallel to standard ground magnetometric measurements using proton or quantum magnetometers. Studies on the archaeological mound in Vengerovsky District of Novosibirsk Region has shown that using UAVs it is possible confidently find the artifacts having anomalous field ~ 5nTl more. All anomalies found using HFMP on UAV were confirmed by standard quantum magnetometry. In Khakassia (East Siberia) numerous objects were investigated in detail during geological and geophysical landfills of Novosibirsk State University, Tomsk Polytechnical University and Siberian Federal University. Due to the high frequency of receiving signal and processing of measurements the data on the magnetic field obtained by UAV HFMP generally coincide with the ground measurements obtained using proton or quantum magnetometry. Comparison of the matching profiles at different sites showed that the magnetic field data obtained by UAV HFMP reveal significantly more complex structure more higher amplitude anomalies. It is possible to create more detail geological model of the structure of studied objects. Practical application of UAV HFMP showed it significantly better performance and efficiency compared to conventional methods of magnetometric explorations.

  20. Enhanced high-frequency absorption of anisotropic Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Yichao; Zeng, Min; Liu, Jue; Tang, Wukui; Dong, Hangrong; Xia, Ruozhou; Yu, Ronghai

    2016-05-01

    Anisotropic Fe3O4 nanoparticle and a series of its graphene composites have been successfully prepared as high-frequency absorbers. The crystal structure, morphology and magnetic property of the samples were detailed characterized through X-ray diffractometer (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The high-frequency absorbing performance of the composites is evaluated within 2.0–18.0 GHz. Combining reduced graphene oxide (RGO) to Fe3O4 helps to adjust the permittivity and permeability of the composite, balance the dielectric loss and magnetic loss, consequently improve the absorbing performance in view of the impedance matching characteristic. The optimal reflection loss of the pure Fe3O4 sample reaches ‑38.1 dB with a thickness of 1.7 mm, and it increases to ‑65.1 dB for the sample grafted with 3 wt.% RGO. The addition of proper content of RGO both improves the reflection loss and expands the absorbing bandwidth. This work not only opens a new method and an idea for tuning the electromagnetic properties and enhancing the capacity of high-efficient absorbers, but also broadens the application of such kinds of lightweight absorbing materials frameworks.

  1. High Frequency Cut-off and Changing of Radio Emission Mechanism in Pulsars

    CERN Document Server

    Kontorovich, V M

    2012-01-01

    Pulsars are the fast rotating neutron stars with strong magnetic field emitting over a wide frequency range. In spite of the efforts during 40 years after the discovery of pulsars, the mechanism of their radio emission remains to be unknown so far. We propose a new approach to solving this problem. The object of our study is a sample of pulsars with a high-frequency break of the spectrum from Pushchino catalogue. A theoretical explanation of the observed dependence of the high-frequency break from the pulsar period is given. The dependence of the break position from the magnetic field is predicted. This explanation is based on a new mechanism for electron emission in the inner polar gap. Radiation occurs when electrons are accelerated in the electric field rising from zero at the star surface. Acceleration passes through a maximum and tends to zero when the electron velocity approaches the velocity of light. The all radiated power is allocated to the radio band. The averaging over the polar cap, with some nat...

  2. Enhanced high-frequency absorption of anisotropic Fe3O4/graphene nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Yichao; Zeng, Min; Liu, Jue; Tang, Wukui; Dong, Hangrong; Xia, Ruozhou; Yu, Ronghai

    2016-01-01

    Anisotropic Fe3O4 nanoparticle and a series of its graphene composites have been successfully prepared as high-frequency absorbers. The crystal structure, morphology and magnetic property of the samples were detailed characterized through X-ray diffractometer (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The high-frequency absorbing performance of the composites is evaluated within 2.0–18.0 GHz. Combining reduced graphene oxide (RGO) to Fe3O4 helps to adjust the permittivity and permeability of the composite, balance the dielectric loss and magnetic loss, consequently improve the absorbing performance in view of the impedance matching characteristic. The optimal reflection loss of the pure Fe3O4 sample reaches −38.1 dB with a thickness of 1.7 mm, and it increases to −65.1 dB for the sample grafted with 3 wt.% RGO. The addition of proper content of RGO both improves the reflection loss and expands the absorbing bandwidth. This work not only opens a new method and an idea for tuning the electromagnetic properties and enhancing the capacity of high-efficient absorbers, but also broadens the application of such kinds of lightweight absorbing materials frameworks. PMID:27142260

  3. Articulated pipes conveying fluid pulsating with high frequency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jakob Søndergaard

    1999-01-01

    Stability and nonlinear dynamics of two articulated pipes conveying fluid with a high-frequency pulsating component is investigated. The non-autonomous model equations are converted into autonomous equations by approximating the fast excitation terms with slowly varying terms. The downward hanging...... pipe position will lose stability if the mean flow speed exceeds a certain critical value. Adding a pulsating component to the fluid flow is shown to stabilize the hanging position for high values of the ratio between fluid and pipe-mass, and to marginally destabilize this position for low ratios. An...

  4. A dynamical structure of high frequency currency exchange market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sazuka, Naoya; Ohira, Toru; Marumo, Kouhei; Shimizu, Tokiko; Takayasu, Misako; Takayasu, Hideki

    2003-06-01

    We analyze tick-by-tick data, the most high frequency data available, of yen-dollar currency exchange rates. We show that a dynamical structure can be observed in binarized data indicating the direction of up and down movement of prices, which is not apparently seen from the price change itself. This result is consistent with our previous study that there exists a conditional probabilistic structure in binarized data. The dynamical and probabilistic structure which we found could indicate that dealers’ decision making is based on a binary strategy, even if they are unconscious of this fact.

  5. High frequency trading and end-of-day price dislocation

    OpenAIRE

    Aitken, Michael; Cumming, Douglas; Zhan, Feng

    2013-01-01

    We show that the presence of high frequency trading (HFT) has significantly mitigated the frequency and severity of end-of-day price dislocation, counter to recent concerns expressed in the media. The effect of HFT is more pronounced on days when end of day price dislocation is more likely to be the result of market manipulation on days of option expiry dates and end of month. Moreover, the effect of HFT is more pronounced than the role of trading rules, surveillance, enforcement and legal co...

  6. High-Frequency Trading Synchronizes Prices in Financial Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Austin Gerig

    2012-01-01

    High-speed computerized trading, often called "high-frequency trading" (HFT), has increased dramatically in financial markets over the last decade. In the US and Europe, it now accounts for nearly one-half of all trades. Although evidence suggests that HFT contributes to the efficiency of markets, there are concerns it also adds to market instability, especially during times of stress. Currently, it is unclear how or why HFT produces these outcomes. In this paper, I use data from NASDAQ to sh...

  7. High Frequency Trading and the New-Market Makers

    OpenAIRE

    Albert J. Menkveld

    2011-01-01

    This discussion paper led to an article in the Journal of Financial Markets (2013). Volume 16, pages 571-603. This paper links the recent fragmentation in equity trading to high frequency traders (HFTs). It shows how the success of a new market, Chi-X, critically depended on the participation of a large HFT who acts as a modern market-maker. The HFT, in turn, benefits from low fees in the entrant market, but also uses the incumbent market Euronext to offload nonzero positions. It trades, on ...

  8. High-Frequency Trading : en ønsket utvikling?

    OpenAIRE

    Thon, Martin I.; Torsvik, Kjetil K.

    2010-01-01

    Denne masterutredningen omhandler handelsmetoden High-frequency trading (HFT) og ulike strategier som benyttes i forbindelse med metoden. Utredningen ser på hvordan likviditet og effisiens blir påvirket av HFT. Vi har sett på ulike strategier som kan anvendes ved bruk av HFT og som påvirker markedet på ulike måter. Det ble gjennomført en spørreundersøkelse hvor formålet var å avdekke holdninger til HFT og bevisstheten rundt HFT på Oslo Børs. Respondentene i undersøkelsen var alle aktører i...

  9. The regulation of high-frequency trading: A pragmatic view

    OpenAIRE

    Imad Moosa

    2015-01-01

    High-frequency trading (HFT) has become a household term and a favourite topic for the financial media since the flash crash of May 2010. In this article, it is argued that the criticism directed at HFT is misplaced and based on a misconception of what HFT is all about. Specifically it is argued that HFT did not cause or exacerbate the flash crash, that it is not as profitable as it is typically portrayed to be, and that it is confused with other operations. Counterarguments are presented aga...

  10. HFT events - Shallow moonquakes. [High-Frequency Teleseismic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Y.

    1977-01-01

    A few large distant seismic events of distinctly high signal frequency, designated HFT (high-frequency teleseismic) events, are observed yearly by the Apollo lunar seismic network. Their sources are located on or near the surface of the moon, leaving a large gap in seismic activity between the zones of HFT sources and deep moonquakes. No strong regularities are found in either their spatial or temporal distributions. Several working hypotheses for the identity of these sources have advanced, but many characteristics of the events seem to favor a hypothesis that they are shallow moonquakes. Simultaneous observations of other lunar phenomena may eventually enable the determination of their true identity.

  11. A Comparison of High-Frequency Cross-Correlation Measures

    OpenAIRE

    Precup, Ovidiu; Iori, Giulia

    2004-01-01

    On a high-frequency scale the time series are not homogeneous, therefore standard correlation measures can not be directly applied to the raw data. There are two ways to deal with this problem. The time series can be homogenised through an interpolation method \\cite{Dacorogna} (linear or previous tick) and then the Pearson correlation statistic computed. Recently, methods that can handle raw non-synchronous time series have been developed \\cite{Reno1,deJong}. This paper compares two tradition...

  12. Contactless technique for high-frequency plasma fields investigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method for investigation of localized HF-fields in plasma by means of a diagnostic electron beam is developed. Field measurement is based on the analysis of electron flux high-frequency modulation and by means of a phase analyzer. The method permits to measure electric HF-fields with characteristic dimension of field localization ≤ 1 cm and field strength ≥ 10 V/cm in the ± 20 MHz frequency range relatively to the reference signal. The measurements were conducted in the 10 cm range of wave length

  13. External high-frequency control of combustion instability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larionov, V. M.; Mitrofanov, G. A.; Kozar, A. N.

    2016-01-01

    The article presents the results of experimental studies of combustion instability in the pulse combustor. Propane-air mixture is burned in the chamber with the flame holder. It was experimentally found that feeding high-frequency sound vibrations into the combustion chamber causes the suppression of pulsating combustion. The oscillation frequency ranges in 870 to 1400 Hz. This corresponds to 9-12 resonance frequencies of oscillations in the combustor. The physical mechanism of the observed phenomenon consists in changing the conditions of formation and destruction of fuel jets in the vortex zone behind the flame holder.

  14. Automatic ion extraction from high-frequency ion source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description and results of tests of device for automatic extraction of ions from a high-frequency ion source are presented. The automatic regime is realized by introducing feedback with respect to the current of the source cathode and requires low sinusoidal modulation of the exctracting voltage. By varying the power of the discharge the beam current was controlled in the 90-1470μA range with automatic preservation of the optimal conditions in the extraction system. The device was used on a 210-kV neutron generator

  15. Applications of physical methods in high-frequency futures markets

    OpenAIRE

    Bartolozzi, M.; Mellen, C.; Chan, F; Oliver, David J.; Di Matteo, T.; Aste, Tomaso

    2007-01-01

    In the present work we demonstrate the application of different physical methods to high-frequency or tick-by-tick financial time series data. In particular, we calculate the Hurst exponent and inverse statistics for the price time series taken from a range of futures indices. Additionally, we show that in a limit order book the relaxation times of an imbalanced book state with more demand or supply can be described by stretched exponential laws analogous to those seen in many physical systems.

  16. High Frequency Modulation Method for Measuring of Birefringence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šulc M.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A method of optical birefringence measurement is presented. It uses an el ectro-optic modulator for the high frequency modulation of polarization of the laser beam. The developed optical apparatus exhibits high sensitivity. It is able to measure very small birefringence of samples down to 10-3 rad. The accuracy and sensitivity of the method was checked by measurement of calibrated Sol eil – Babi net compensator. Method can be also used for online and accurate measurement of an optical components birefringence. This application was developed with the aim to measure Cotton-Mouton effect in air and nitrogen.

  17. Phoneme categorization relying solely on high-frequency energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitela, A. Davi; Monson, Brian B.; Lotto, Andrew J.

    2015-01-01

    Speech perception studies generally focus on the acoustic information present in the frequency regions below 6 kHz. Recent evidence suggests that there is perceptually relevant information in the higher frequencies, including information affecting speech intelligibility. This experiment examined whether listeners are able to accurately identify a subset of vowels and consonants in CV-context when only high-frequency (above 5 kHz) acoustic information is available (through high-pass filtering and masking of lower frequency energy). The findings reveal that listeners are capable of extracting information from these higher frequency regions to accurately identify certain consonants and vowels. PMID:25618101

  18. Phoneme categorization relying solely on high-frequency energy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitela, A Davi; Monson, Brian B; Lotto, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    Speech perception studies generally focus on the acoustic information present in the frequency regions below 6 kHz. Recent evidence suggests that there is perceptually relevant information in the higher frequencies, including information affecting speech intelligibility. This experiment examined whether listeners are able to accurately identify a subset of vowels and consonants in CV-context when only high-frequency (above 5 kHz) acoustic information is available (through high-pass filtering and masking of lower frequency energy). The findings reveal that listeners are capable of extracting information from these higher frequency regions to accurately identify certain consonants and vowels. PMID:25618101

  19. Very High Frequency Half Bridge DC/DC Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mickey Pierre; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the first, off chip, class DE (resonant half bridge) converter working in the Very High Frequency (VHF) range. The benefits of using half bridge circuits both in the inverter and rectifier part of a VHF resonant dc/dc converter are analyzed and design equations for all...... components in the power stage are given. The circuit has been simulated to verify the accuracy of the presented equations and an efficiency of 89% has been shown. A prototype has been implemented with self-oscillating resonant gate drives driving the switches. The prototype has been used to drive an LED...

  20. 高频彩色多普勒超声与MRI在早期类风湿关节炎诊断中的价值%Value of high frequency ultrasonography and nucler magnetic resonance imaging in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明玉; 王宪斌; 孙雪辉; 刘奉立; 黄生传

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨高频彩色多普勒超声(HFUS)及MRI在早期类风湿关节炎(RA)患者关节病变检测中的应用价值.方法 回顾性分析2010年1-12月在山东烟台毓璜顶医院确诊的39例RA患者的临床资料,男20例,女19例,平均年龄(51.8±2.2)岁.所有患者双手、双腕均行HFUS、MR检查,重点观察有无骨侵蚀、骨髓水肿、滑膜增殖、滑膜血流、关节积液、肌腱炎等影像表现,并对两种检查方法的结果采用x2检验进行对比分析.结果 共检查关节1 248个,HFUS和MRI在观察骨侵蚀[5.1% (44/858) vs 4.1% (35/858),x2=1.075,P>0.05]、肌腱炎[4.6% (18/390) vs 1.5%(14/390),x2=0.521,P>0.05]、腱鞘水肿[9.5% (37/390) vs 7.7% (30/390),x2=0.800,P>0.05]方面的检出率差异无统计学意义;HFUS在观察关节滑膜增殖[15.4% (132/858) vs 7.7%(66/858),x2=24.870,P<0.01]、关节积液[10.4%(89/858) vs 6.1%(52/858),x2=10.578,P<0.05]方面明显的检出率优于MRI; MRI在观察骨髓水肿方面[0% (0/858)vs 5.5% (47/858),x2=48.324,P<0.05]优于HFUS.结论 HFUS在检测早期RA患者病变关节的骨侵蚀、肌腱炎、腱鞘水肿、滑膜增殖、关节积液等方面,与MRI具有等同、甚至更优异的诊断价值.%Objective To investigate the value of high frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) and nucler magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis(RA).Methods The data of 39 consecutive patients with RA admitted in Yantai Yuhuangding hospital from January 2010 to December 2010 were retrospectively studied.In 39 cases of patients,males were 20 cases,female were 19 cases,the average age was (51.8 ±2.2) years.Bilateral bilateral wrist and hands jionts were examined by HFUS and MRI.Bone erosion,bone marrow edema,synovial proliferation,synovial blood flow,jiont effusion and tendinitis were received and the differences between the two examination results were compared.Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis

  1. Design of a Quantum Source of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) and Test Methodology

    CERN Document Server

    Fontana, G

    2004-01-01

    The generation of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves (HFGW) has been identified as the required breakthrough that will lead to new forms of space propulsion. Many techniques have been devised to generate HFGW, but most of them exhibit marginal efficiency, therefore the power emitted in form of gravitational waves (GW) is orders of magnitude lower than the input power. The gravitational wave counterpart of the LASER, termed Gravitational-wave LASER or "GASER" is the quantum approach to the efficient generation of gravitational waves. Electrons, protons, muons, etc, all have charge and mass, if accelerated they usually lose energy through the very fast electric and magnetic channels, this causes a negligible emission through the gravitational channel. Quantum systems can be engineered to forbid electric and magnetic transitions, therefore the gravitational spin-2 transitions can take place. A class of active materials, suitable for making a GASER based on electronic transitions in the solid state, is identified...

  2. Low- and high-frequency fatigue of bulk metallic glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → Recovery stages are stipulated by migration of configurations of point defects. → Fatigue-endurance limit and the fracture mode depend on the frequency. → Ultrasonic vibrations induce irreversible changes of the BMG structure. - Abstract: The 2.5 MeV electron-irradiation and resistance-recovery experiments were performed. It was found that the majority of atoms of a (Zr0.55Al0.10Ni0.05Cu0.30)99Y1 bulk metallic glass (BMG) possess a locally preferred order, and vacancies are stable point defects. Low- and high-frequency compression-compression fatigue experiments show that the fatigue-endurance limit and mode of the fatigue fracture of this BMG essentially depend on the cycling frequency. At the low-frequency cycling (10 Hz), the catastrophic crack is initiated mainly due to the shear-of-steps formation, and the fatigue-endurance limit is ∼0.44 σFS (σFS is the fracture stress). At the high-frequency cycling (20 kHz), the catastrophic crack forms due to the propagation and mergence of nano-cracks initiated from slip layers at intercluster boundaries. The fatigue-endurance limit in this case is a random quantity with a mean value of ∼0.04 σFS.

  3. Features of the high frequency power transformer calculation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A. Zabarilo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The windings of power transformers have low resistance value and a most inductance, which reduces the rate of rise of current in the windings. Therefore, when the estimated amount of current is set one should make sure of the possibility of achieving it. As inductance is characterized by a short-circuit voltage, it is necessary to develop a technique for determining the maximum magnitude of the current in the windings of the transformer according to the short-circuit voltage and operating frequency. Methodology. The classical method of calculation of transient processes to determine the value of the transient current of the transformer windings to achieve purpose is used. Findings. The nature of the transient current in the windings of high-frequency transformer, which is powered by a voltage inverter is investigated and analyzed. Originality. The method for determining the maximum amount of current depending on the short-circuit voltage and frequency of the applied voltage with other set-up parameters was proposed. Practical value. The proposed method allows determining the maximum value of the current in the windings of the high-frequency transformer including its RL-parameters. This will let compare the value of a given current with possible depending on short-circuit voltage and frequency of the applied voltage. Research material may be applied for power transformers design.

  4. About the origin of high-frequency ultrasonic backscattering signals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultrasonic backscattering measurements allow to make a quick and nondestructive assessment of materials structures. As a qualitative assessment the homogeneity of structural states is determined, but also quantitative measurements are possible, like e.g. the determination of grain sizes in steels. But plottable measuring curves corresponding to the physically described interrelations will only be obtained as a result of a sufficiently large number (approx.= 1024) of averaging operations applied to equidirectional backscattering signals. The individual high-frequency signal is very strongly amplitude modulated. The signals required for averaging are obtained from different acoustic irradiation positions (position averaging), or by means of different center frequencies (frequency averaging). The present paper shows by means of numerical model calculations how the high-frequency backscattering signal is built up by superposition of the backscattering signals from all scattering objects lying in the acoustic beam. The improved understanding of the superposition of individual scattering processes opens up further opportunities of making a local structural analysis by means of ultrasonics. (orig.)

  5. High-Frequency Normal Mode Propagation in Aluminum Cylinders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Myung W.; Waite, William F.

    2009-01-01

    Acoustic measurements made using compressional-wave (P-wave) and shear-wave (S-wave) transducers in aluminum cylinders reveal waveform features with high amplitudes and with velocities that depend on the feature's dominant frequency. In a given waveform, high-frequency features generally arrive earlier than low-frequency features, typical for normal mode propagation. To analyze these waveforms, the elastic equation is solved in a cylindrical coordinate system for the high-frequency case in which the acoustic wavelength is small compared to the cylinder geometry, and the surrounding medium is air. Dispersive P- and S-wave normal mode propagations are predicted to exist, but owing to complex interference patterns inside a cylinder, the phase and group velocities are not smooth functions of frequency. To assess the normal mode group velocities and relative amplitudes, approximate dispersion relations are derived using Bessel functions. The utility of the normal mode theory and approximations from a theoretical and experimental standpoint are demonstrated by showing how the sequence of P- and S-wave normal mode arrivals can vary between samples of different size, and how fundamental normal modes can be mistaken for the faster, but significantly smaller amplitude, P- and S-body waves from which P- and S-wave speeds are calculated.

  6. High-frequency vibrations of sandwich plates and delamination detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Alf E.; Irgens, Fridtjov

    1998-06-01

    In multi-hull marine vehicles assembled by FRP sandwich composite materials problems with delamination and skin/core debonding are reported. High frequency vibrations in foam core sandwich materials are investigated to see if it was possible to apply them, together with bending vibrations, in an early damage warning system for delamination detection in marine vessels. This manuscript presents a theory for high frequency vibration in sandwich plates and beams. The core is modeled as a two parameter foundation with shearing interaction effects as well as normal stress effects in the core included. The skins are modeled as ordinary plates or beams on a foundation. Expressions for both anti-symmetric and symmetric modes are given. In addition to the theoretical development, experiments with a simply supported sandwich beam, using a TV-Holography technic, were performed and good accordance between theory and experiments were achieved. The results indicates that disappearance of symmetric modes may be used a parameter for delamination detection. The anti-symmetric modes may be interchangeable with higher bending modes by an early damage warning system. To avoid this, the theory presented may be applied to determine the anti-symmetric frequency values in forehand.

  7. Carbon nanotube transistor based high-frequency electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroter, Michael

    At the nanoscale carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have higher carrier mobility and carrier velocity than most incumbent semiconductors. Thus CNT based field-effect transistors (FETs) are being considered as strong candidates for replacing existing MOSFETs in digital applications. In addition, the predicted high intrinsic transit frequency and the more recent finding of ways to achieve highly linear transfer characteristics have inspired investigations on analog high-frequency (HF) applications. High linearity is extremely valuable for an energy efficient usage of the frequency spectrum, particularly in mobile communications. Compared to digital applications, the much more relaxed constraints for CNT placement and lithography combined with already achieved operating frequencies of at least 10 GHz for fabricated devices make an early entry in the low GHz HF market more feasible than in large-scale digital circuits. Such a market entry would be extremely beneficial for funding the development of production CNTFET based process technology. This talk will provide an overview on the present status and feasibility of HF CNTFET technology will be given from an engineering point of view, including device modeling, experimental results, and existing roadblocks. Carbon nanotube transistor based high-frequency electronics.

  8. Planck 2013 results. VI. High Frequency Instrument data processing

    CERN Document Server

    Ade, P.A.R.; Armitage-Caplan, C.; Arnaud, M.; Ashdown, M.; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Aumont, J.; Baccigalupi, C.; Banday, A.J.; Barreiro, R.B.; Battaner, E.; Benabed, K.; Benoît, A.; Benoit-Lévy, A.; Bernard, J. -P.; Bersanelli, M.; Bielewicz, P.; Bobin, J.; Bock, J.J.; Bond, J.R.; Borrill, J.; Bouchet, F.R.; Boulanger, F.; Bowyer, J.W.; Bridges, M.; Bucher, M.; Burigana, C.; Cardoso, J. -F.; Catalano, A.; Chamballu, A.; Chary, R. -R.; Chen, X.; Chiang, L. -Y; Chiang, H.C.; Christensen, P.R.; Church, S.; Clements, D.L.; Colombi, S.; Colombo, L.P.L.; Combet, C.; Couchot, F.; Coulais, A.; Crill, B.P.; Curto, A.; Cuttaia, F.; Danese, L.; Davies, R.D.; Davis, R.J.; de Bernardis, P.; de Rosa, A.; de Zotti, G.; Delabrouille, J.; Delouis, J. -M.; Désert, F. -X.; Dickinson, C.; Diego, J.M.; Dole, H.; Donzelli, S.; Doré, O.; Douspis, M.; Dunkley, J.; Dupac, X.; Efstathiou, G.; Enßlin, T.A.; Eriksen, H.K.; Finelli, F.; Forni, O.; Frailis, M.; Fraisse, A.A.; Franceschi, E.; Galeotta, S.; Ganga, K.; Giard, M.; Giardino, G.; Girard, D.; Giraud-Héraud, Y.; González-Nuevo, J.; Górski, K.M.; Gratton, S.; Gregorio, A.; Gruppuso, A.; Gudmundsson, J.E.; Hansen, F.K.; Hanson, D.; Harrison, D.; Helou, G.; Henrot-Versillé, S.; Herent, O.; Hernández-Monteagudo, C.; Herranz, D.; Hildebrandt, S.R.; Hivon, E.; Hobson, M.; Holmes, W.A.; Hornstrup, A.; Hou, Z.; Hovest, W.; Huffenberger, K.M.; Hurier, G.; Jaffe, T.R.; Jaffe, A.H.; Jones, W.C.; Juvela, M.; Keihänen, E.; Keskitalo, R.; Kisner, T.S.; Kneissl, R.; Knoche, J.; Knox, L.; Kunz, M.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Lagache, G.; Lamarre, J. -M.; Lasenby, A.; Laureijs, R.J.; Lawrence, C.R.; Jeune, M. Le; Leonardi, R.; Leroy, C.; Lesgourgues, J.; Liguori, M.; Lilje, P.B.; Linden-Vørnle, M.; López-Caniego, M.; Lubin, P.M.; Macías-Pérez, J.F.; MacTavish, C.J.; Maffei, B.; Mandolesi, N.; Maris, M.; Marshall, D.J.; Martin, P.G.; Martínez-González, E.; Masi, S.; Matarrese, S.; Matthai, F.; Mazzotta, P.; McGehee, P.; Meinhold, P.R.; Melchiorri, A.; Mendes, L.; Mennella, A.; Migliaccio, M.; Mitra, S.; Miville-Deschênes, M. -A.; Moneti, A.; Montier, L.; Morgante, G.; Mortlock, D.; Mottet, S.; Munshi, D.; Naselsky, P.; Nati, F.; Natoli, P.; Netterfield, C.B.; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H.U.; North, C.; Noviello, F.; Novikov, D.; Novikov, I.; Orieux, F.; Osborne, S.; Oxborrow, C.A.; Paci, F.; Pagano, L.; Pajot, F.; Paladini, R.; Paoletti, D.; Pasian, F.; Patanchon, G.; Perdereau, O.; Perotto, L.; Perrotta, F.; Piacentini, F.; Piat, M.; Pierpaoli, E.; Pietrobon, D.; Plaszczynski, S.; Pointecouteau, E.; Polenta, G.; Ponthieu, N.; Popa, L.; Poutanen, T.; Pratt, G.W.; Prézeau, G.; Prunet, S.; Puget, J. -L.; Rachen, J.P.; Racine, B.; Reach, W.T.; Rebolo, R.; Reinecke, M.; Remazeilles, M.; Renault, C.; Ricciardi, S.; Riller, T.; Ristorcelli, I.; Rocha, G.; Rosset, C.; Roudier, G.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Rusholme, B.; Sanselme, L.; Santos, D.; Sauvé, A.; Savini, G.; Shellard, E.P.S.; Spencer, L.D.; Starck, J. -L.; Stolyarov, V.; Stompor, R.; Sudiwala, R.; Sureau, F.; Sutton, D.; Suur-Uski, A. -S.; Sygnet, J. -F.; Tauber, J.A.; Tavagnacco, D.; Techene, S.; Terenzi, L.; Tomasi, M.; Tristram, M.; Tucci, M.; Umana, G.; Valenziano, L.; Valiviita, J.; Van Tent, B.; Vibert, L.; Vielva, P.; Villa, F.; Vittorio, N.; Wade, L.A.; Wandelt, B.D.; White, S.D.M.; Yvon, D.; Zacchei, A.; Zonca, A.

    2014-01-01

    We describe the processing of the 531 billion raw data samples from the High Frequency Instrument (hereafter HFI), which we performed to produce six temperature maps from the first 473 days of Planck-HFI survey data. These maps provide an accurate rendition of the sky emission at 100, 143, 217, 353, 545, and 857 GHz with an angular resolution ranging from 9.7 to 4.6 arcmin. The detector noise per (effective) beam solid angle is respectively, 10, 6, 12 and 39 microKelvin in HFI four lowest frequency channel (100--353 GHz) and 13 and 14 kJy/sr for the 545 and 857 GHz channels. Using the 143 GHz channel as a reference, these two high frequency channels are intercalibrated within 5% and the 353 GHz relative calibration is at the percent level. The 100 and 217 GHz channels, which together with the 143 GHz channel determine the high-multipole part of the CMB power spectrum (50 < l <2500), are intercalibrated at better than 0.2 %.

  9. A perspective on high-frequency ultrasound for medical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamou, Jonathan; Aristizába, Orlando; Silverman, Ronald H.; Ketterling, Jeffrey A.

    2010-01-01

    High-frequency ultrasound (HFU, >15 MHz) is a rapidly developing field. HFU is currently used and investigated for ophthalmologic, dermatologic, intravascular, and small-animal imaging. HFU offers a non-invasive means to investigate tissue at the microscopic level with resolutions often better than 100 μm. However, fine resolution is only obtained over the limited depth-of-field (˜1 mm) of single-element spherically-focused transducers typically used for HFU applications. Another limitation is penetration depth because most biological tissues have large attenuation at high frequencies. In this study, two 5-element annular arrays with center frequencies of 17 and 34 MHz were fabricated and methods were developed to obtain images with increased penetration depth and depth-of-field. These methods were used in ophthalmologic and small-animal imaging studies. Improved blood sensitivity was obtained when a phantom mimicking a vitreous hemorrhage was imaged. Central-nervous systems of 12.5-day-old mouse embryos were imaged in utero and in three dimensions for the first time.

  10. Funding begets biodiversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrends, Antje; Burgess, Neil David; Gereau, Roy E.;

    2011-01-01

    Aim Effective conservation of biodiversity relies on an unbiased knowledge of its distribution. Conservation priority assessments are typically based on the levels of species richness, endemism and threat. Areas identified as important receive the majority of conservation investments, often....... Location Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Methods We analysed time series data (1980–2007) of funding (n = 134 projects) and plant species records (n = 75,631) from a newly compiled database. Perceived plant diversity, over three decades, is regressed against funding and environmental factors, and...

  11. Development of high frequency and wide bandwidth Johnson noise thermometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We develop a high frequency, wide bandwidth radiometer operating at room temperature, which augments the traditional technique of Johnson noise thermometry for nanoscale thermal transport studies. Employing low noise amplifiers and an analog multiplier operating at 2 GHz, auto- and cross-correlated Johnson noise measurements are performed in the temperature range of 3 to 300 K, achieving a sensitivity of 5.5 mK (110 ppm) in 1 s of integration time. This setup allows us to measure the thermal conductance of a boron nitride encapsulated monolayer graphene device over a wide temperature range. Our data show a high power law (T ∼ 4) deviation from the Wiedemann-Franz law above T ∼ 100 K

  12. Slow high-frequency effects in mechanics: problems, solutions, potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jon Juel

    2005-01-01

    them are introduced first in terms of simple physical examples, and then in generalized form for mathematical models covering broad classes of discrete and continuous mechanical systems. Several application examples are summarized. Three mathematical tools for analyzing HFE effects are described and......Strong high-frequency excitation (HFE) may change the ‘slow’ (i.e. effective or average) properties of mechanical systems, e.g. their stiffness, natural frequencies, equilibriums, equilibrium stability, and bifurcation paths. This tutorial describes three general HFE effects: Stiffening – an...... apparent change in the stiffness associated with an equilibrium; Biasing – a tendency for a system to move towards a particular state which does not exist or is unstable without HFE; and Smoothening – a tendency for discontinuities to be apparently smeared out by HFE. The effects and a method for analyzing...

  13. High frequency techniques an introduction to RF and microwave engineering

    CERN Document Server

    White, Joseph F

    2004-01-01

    A practical guide for today's wireless engineerHigh Frequency Techniques: An Introduction to RF and Microwave Engineering is a clearly written classical circuit and field theory text illustrated with modern computer simulation software. The book's ten chapters cover: *The origins and current uses of wireless transmission *A review of AC analysis, Kirchhoff's laws, RLC elements, skin effect, and introduction to the use of computer simulation software*Resonators, Q definitions, and Q-based impedance matching *Transmission lines, waves, VSWR, reflection phenomena, Fano's reflection bandwidth limits, telegrapher, and impedance transformation equations*Development and in-depth use of the Smith Chart *Matrix algebra with Z, Y, ABCD, S, and T matrix applications*An unusually thorough introduction to electromagnetic field theory, step-by-step development of vector calculus, Maxwell's equations, waveguides, propagation, and antennas*Backward wave, branch line, rat race and Wilkinson couplers, impedance measurements, a...

  14. Active Control of High-Frequency Combustor Instability Demonstrated

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLaat, John C.; Chang, Clarence T.

    2003-01-01

    To reduce the environmental impact of aerospace propulsion systems, extensive research is being done in the development of lean-burning (low fuel-to-air ratio) combustors that can reduce emissions throughout the mission cycle. However, these lean-burning combustors have an increased susceptibility to thermoacoustic instabilities-high-pressure oscillations much like sound waves that can cause severe high-frequency vibrations in the combustor. These pressure waves can fatigue the combustor components and even the downstream turbine blades. This can significantly decrease the combustor and turbine safe operating life. Thus, suppression of the thermoacoustic combustor instabilities is an enabling technology for lean, low-emissions combustors. Under the Propulsion and Power Program, the NASA Glenn Research Center in partnership with Pratt & Whitney, United Technologies Research Center, and Georgia Institute of Technology is developing technologies for the active control of combustion instabilities.

  15. Specimen Design for Fatigue Testing at Very High Frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    MATIKAS, T. E.

    2001-11-01

    Components in rotational machinery such as turbine blades used in military aircraft engines are subjected to low-amplitude, high-frequency loads in the kHz range. Under high cycle fatigue (HCF), the initiation state of a crack consumes most of the life of the component. Vibratory stresses may therefore result in unexpected failures of the material. Hence, there is a need for HCF studies to address HCF-related failures of turbine engines and to develop a life prediction methodology. Ultrasonic fatigue provides accelerated HCF testing enabling the simulation of realistic loading conditions for testing materials used in structural components subjected to vibratory stresses. Specimen design is critical for optimum ultrasonic fatigue testing. The objective of this study is therefore to develop analytical modelling necessary for the design of test coupons to be fatigue tested at ultrasonic frequencies.

  16. HIGH FREQUENCY INDUCTION WELDING OF HIGH SILICON STEEL TUBES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Miranda Alé

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available High-Si steel is a low cost alternative for the fabrication of tubular structures resistant to atmospheric corrosion. However, the literature has often pointed out that steels presenting a higher Si content and/or a lower Mn/Si ratio have higher susceptibility to defects at the weld bond line during HFIW (High Frequency Induction Welding process, which has been widely used for manufacturing small diameter tubes. In this study the effect of the HFIW conditions on the quality of steel tubes with high-Si content and low Mn/Si ratio is investigated. The quality of welded tubes was determined by flare test and the defects in the bond line were identified by SEM. It has been found that higher welding speeds, V-convergence angles and power input should be applied in welding of high-Si steel, when compared to similar strength C-Mn steel.

  17. Towards high-frequency operation of spin-lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria Junior, Paulo E.; Xu, Gaofeng; Lee, Jeongsu; Gerhardt, Nils C.; Sipahi, Guilherme M.; Zutic, Igor

    2015-03-01

    Injecting spin-polarized carriers in lasers enables room-temperature spintronic applications,not limited to magnetoresistance. While steady-state operation of such spin-lasers has already revealed an improved operation as compared to their conventional (spin-unpolarized) counterparts, the main opportunities lie in their-high frequency operation. We systematically show how our accurate electronic structure and microscopic gain calculations could guide the improved dynamical operation of spin-lasers at modulation frequencies beyond what is possible in conventional lasers. FAPESP (2011/19333-4, 2012/05618-0 and 2013/23393-8), CNPq (246549/2012-2), DFG (GE 1231/2-1), NSF-ECCS, DOE-BES and US ONR

  18. High-Frequency Wave Propagation by the Segment Projection Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engquist, Björn; Runborg, Olof; Tornberg, Anna-Karin

    2002-05-01

    Geometrical optics is a standard technique used for the approximation of high-frequency wave propagation. Computational methods based on partial differential equations instead of the traditional ray tracing have recently been applied to geometrical optics. These new methods have a number of advantages but typically exhibit difficulties with linear superposition of waves. In this paper we introduce a new partial differential technique based on the segment projection method in phase space. The superposition problem is perfectly resolved and so is the problem of computing amplitudes in the neighborhood of caustics. The computational complexity is of the same order as that of ray tracing. The new algorithm is described and a number of computational examples are given, including a simulation of waveguides.

  19. Evolution of narrow band - high frequency hearing in odontocetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Lee A.; Galatius, Anders; Olsen, Morten Tange;

    2015-01-01

    known species in four families have peak frequencies between 120 kHz and 140 kHz? We propose and argue that at these frequencies an ambient noise minimum exists and has so over the past 10 million years or more. The spectral properties of the signals produced by smaller odontocetes, like the harbor......Whale biologists generally agree that predation by killer whales provided selection pressure for driving up the biosonar frequencies of some odontocetes. This made the signals of these species, like the harbor porpoise, less audible to their predator. But why should the acoustic signals of 13 to 15...... porpoise, have thus been shaped by predation pressure from larger odontocetes, driving the frequency up, and limited by increasing ambient noise above about 140 kHz. The result is a high frequency, narrow band acoustic signal. To support the above conclusions we use palæontological, palæoclimatic...

  20. High-Frequency Acoustic Sediment Classification in Shallow Water

    CERN Document Server

    Bentrem, F W; Kalcic, M T; Duncan, M E; Bentrem, Frank W.; Sample, John; Kalcic, Maria T.; Duncan, Michael E.

    2002-01-01

    A geoacoustic inversion technique for high-frequency (12 kHz) multibeam sonar data is presented as a means to classify the seafloor sediment in shallow water (40-300 m). The inversion makes use of backscattered data at a variety of grazing angles to estimate mean grain size. The need for sediment type and the large amounts of multibeam data being collected with the Naval Oceanographic Office's Simrad EM 121A systems, have fostered the development of algorithms to process the EM 121A acoustic backscatter into maps of sediment type. The APL-UW (Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington) backscattering model is used with simulated annealing to invert for six geoacoustic parameters. For the inversion, three of the parameters are constrained according to empirical correlations with mean grain size, which is introduced as an unconstrained parameter. The four unconstrained (free) parameters are mean grain size, sediment volume interaction, and two seafloor roughness parameters. Acoustic sediment cla...

  1. Efficient estimation for ergodic diffusions sampled at high frequency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Michael

    estimators of parameters in the drift coefficient, and for efficiency. The conditions turn out to be equal to those implying small Δ-optimality in the sense of Jacobsen and thus gives an interpretation of this concept in terms of classical sta- tistical concepts. Optimal martingale estimating functions in......A general theory of efficient estimation for ergodic diffusions sampled at high fre- quency is presented. High frequency sampling is now possible in many applications, in particular in finance. The theory is formulated in term of approximate martingale estimating functions and covers a large class...... the sense of Godambe and Heyde are shown to be give rate optimal and efficient estimators under weak conditions....

  2. The wave buoy analogy - estimating high-frequency wave excitations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulrik Dam

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with the wave buoy analogy where a ship is considered as a wave buoy, so that measured ship responses are used as a basis to estimate wave spectra and associated sea state parameters. The study presented follows up on a previous paper, Nielsen [Nielsen UD. Response-based estimation...... of sea state parameters — influence of filtering. Ocean Engineering 2007;34:1797–810.], where time series of ship responses were generated from a known wave spectrum for the purpose of the inverse process — the estimation of the underlying wave excitations. Similar response generations and vice versa...... estimated reasonably well, even considering high-frequency wave components of a wind sea wave spectrum....

  3. High frequency ultrasonic characterization of sintered SiC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baaklini, G.Y.; Generazio, E.R.; Kiser, J.D.

    1987-01-01

    High frequency (60 to 160 MHz) ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation was used to characterize variations in density and microstructural constituents of sintered SiC bars. Ultrasonic characterization methods included longitudinal velocity, reflection coefficient, and precise attenuation measurements. The SiC bars were tailored to provide bulk densities ranging from 90 to 98 percent of theoretical, average grain sizes ranging from 3.0 to 12.0 microns, and average pore sizes ranging from 1.5 to 4.0 microns. Velocity correlated with specimen bulk density irrespective of specimen average grain size, average pore size, and average pore orientation. Attenuation coefficient was found to be sensitive to both density and average pore size variations, but was not affected by large differences in average grain size.

  4. Gravitational-wave astronomy: the high-frequency window

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson, N; Andersson, Nils; Kokkotas, Kostas D

    2004-01-01

    This contribution is divided in two parts. The first part provides a text-book level introduction to gravitational radiation. The key concepts required for a discussion of gravitational-wave physics are introduced. In particular, the quadrupole formula is applied to the anticipated ``bread-and-butter'' source for detectors like LIGO, GEO600, EGO and TAMA300: inspiralling compact binaries. The second part provides a brief review of high frequency gravitational waves. In the frequency range above (say) 100Hz, gravitational collapse, rotational instabilities and oscillations of the remnant compact objects are potentially important sources of gravitational waves. Significant and unique information concerning the various stages of collapse, the evolution of protoneutron stars and the details of the supranuclear equation of state of such objects can be drawn from careful study of the gravitational-wave signal. As the amount of exciting physics one may be able to study via the detections of gravitational waves from ...

  5. High frequency acoustic microscopy with Fresnel zoom lens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The acoustic field distributions and the convergent beams generated by the planar-structure Fresnel zone transducers on solid surface are investigated. Because only 0 and 180 degree phase transducers are used, an imaging system with the Fresnel zoom lens could work at very high frequency, which overcomes the frequency limit of the traditional phased array acoustic imaging system. Simulation results are given to illustrate the acoustic field distributions along the focal axis and the whole plane as well. Based on the principle of scanning of the focus with the change of frequency for the excited signal, an experimental imaging system is also built. Acoustic Fresnel zone transducers are fabricated at center frequency of 400 MHz. Measurements and detections of the known hole flaws at different depths of the fused quartz sample are presented to show that the imaging system with Fresnel zoom lens could move its focus by only changing the frequency of the excited signal.

  6. High frequency nano-optomechanical disk resonators in liquids

    CERN Document Server

    Gil-Santos, E; Nguyen, D T; Hease, W; Lemaître, A; Ducci, S; Leo, G; Favero, I

    2015-01-01

    Vibrating nano- and micromechanical resonators have been the subject of research aiming at ultrasensitive mass sensors for mass spectrometry, chemical analysis and biomedical diagnosis. Unfortunately, their merits diminish dramatically in liquids due to dissipative mechanisms like viscosity and acoustic losses. A push towards faster and lighter miniaturized nanodevices would enable improved performances, provided dissipation was controlled and novel techniques were available to efficiently drive and read-out their minute displacement. Here we report on a nano-optomechanical approach to this problem using miniature semiconductor disks. These devices combine mechanical motion at high frequency above the GHz, ultra-low mass of a few picograms, and moderate dissipation in liquids. We show that high-sensitivity optical measurements allow to direct resolve their thermally driven Brownian vibrations, even in the most dissipative liquids. Thanks to this novel technique, we experimentally, numerically and analytically...

  7. High frequency conductivity of hot electrons in carbon nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amekpewu, M.; Mensah, S. Y.; Musah, R.; Mensah, N. G.; Abukari, S. S.; Dompreh, K. A.

    2016-05-01

    High frequency conductivity of hot electrons in undoped single walled achiral Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) under the influence of ac-dc driven fields was considered. We investigated semi-classically Boltzmann's transport equation with and without the presence of the hot electrons' source by deriving the current densities in CNTs. Plots of the normalized current density versus frequency of ac-field revealed an increase in both the minimum and maximum peaks of normalized current density at lower frequencies as a result of a strong injection of hot electrons. The applied ac-field plays a twofold role of suppressing the space-charge instability in CNTs and simultaneously pumping an energy for lower frequency generation and amplification of THz radiations. These have enormous promising applications in very different areas of science and technology.

  8. High-frequency thermal processes in harmonic crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Kuzkin, Vitaly A

    2016-01-01

    We consider two high-frequency thermal processes in uniformly heated harmonic crystals relaxing towards equilibrium: (i) equilibration of kinetic and potential energies and (ii) redistribution of energy among spatial directions. Equation describing these processes with deterministic initial conditions is derived. Solution of the equation shows that characteristic time of these processes is of the order of ten periods of atomic vibrations. After that time the system practically reaches the stationary state. It is shown analytically that in harmonic crystals temperature tensor is not isotropic even in the stationary state. As an example, harmonic triangular lattice is considered. Simple formula relating the stationary value of the temperature tensor and initial conditions is derived. The function describing equilibration of kinetic and potential energies is obtained. It is shown that the difference between the energies (Lagrangian) oscillates around zero. Amplitude of these oscillations decays inversely proport...

  9. Dynamical Structures of High-Frequency Financial Data

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, K; Kim, S Y; Kim, Y; Yoon, S M; Chang, Ki-Ho; Kim, Kyungsik; Kim, Soo Yong; Kim, Yup; Yoon, Seong-Min

    2005-01-01

    We study the dynamical behavior of high-frequency data from the Korean Stock Price Index (KOSPI) using the movement of returns in Korean financial markets. The dynamical behavior for a binarized series of our models is not completely random. The conditional probability is numerically estimated from a return series of KOSPI tick data. Non-trivial probability structures can be constituted from binary time series of autoregressive (AR), logit, and probit models, for which the Akaike Information Criterion shows a minimum value at the 15th order. From our results, we find that the value of the correct match ratio for the AR model is slightly larger than the findings of other models.

  10. Electrostatic Instabilities at High Frequency in a Plasma Shock Front

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LV Jian-Hong; HE Yong; HU Xi-Wei

    2007-01-01

    New electrostatic instabilities in the plasma shock front are reported.These instabilities are driven by the electrostatic field which is caused by charge separation and the parameter gradients in a plasma shock front.The linear analysis to the high frequency branch of electrostatic instabilities has been carried out and the dispersion relations are obtained numerically.There are unstable disturbing waves in both the parallel and perpendicular directions of shock propagation.The real frequencies of both unstable waves are similar to the electron electrostatic wave,and the unstable growth rate in the parallel direction is much greater than the one in the perpendicular direction.The dependence of growth rates on the electric field and parameter gradients is also presented.

  11. The Influence of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves Upon Muscles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this paper is to present a theory for the possible influence of high-frequency gravitational waves or HFGWs and pulsed micro-current electromagnetic waves or EMs on biological matter specifically on muscle cells and myofibroblasts. The theory involves consideration of the natural frequency of contractions and relaxations of muscles, especially underlying facial skin, and the possible influence of HFGWs on that process. GWs pass without attenuation through all material thus conventional wisdom would dictate that GWs would have no influence on biological matter. On the other hand, GWs can temporarily modify a gravitational field in some locality if they are of high frequency and such a modification might have an influence in changing the skin muscles' natural frequency. Prior to the actual laboratory generation of HFGWs their influence can be emulated by micro-current EM pulses to the skin and some evidence presented here on that effect may predict the influence of HFGWs. We believe that the HFGW pulsations lead to increased muscle activity and may serve to reverse the aging process. A novel theoretical framework concerning these relaxation phenomena is one result of the paper. Another result is the analysis of the possible delivery system of the FBAR-generated HFGWs, the actual power of the generated HFGWs, and the system's application to nanostructural modification of the skin or muscle cells. It is concluded that a series of non-evasive experiments, which are identified, will have the potential to test theory by detecting and analyzing the possible HFGWs change in polarization, refraction, etc. after their interaction with the muscle cells

  12. Development of a Multi-Channel, High Frequency QRS Electrocardiograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePalma, Jude L.

    2003-01-01

    With the advent of the ISS era and the potential requirement for increased cardiovascular monitoring of crewmembers during extended EVAs, NASA flight surgeons would stand to benefit from an evolving technology that allows for a more rapid diagnosis of myocardial ischemia compared to standard electrocardiography. Similarly, during the astronaut selection process, NASA flight surgeons and other physicians would also stand to benefit from a completely noninvasive technology that, either at rest or during maximal exercise tests, is more sensitive than standard ECG in identifying the presence of ischemia. Perhaps most importantly, practicing cardiologists and emergency medicine physicians could greatly benefit from such a device as it could augment (or even replace) standard electrocardiography in settings where the rapid diagnosis of myocardial ischemia (or the lack thereof) is required for proper clinical decision-making. A multi-channel, high-frequency QRS electrocardiograph is currently under development in the Life Sciences Research Laboratories at JSC. Specifically the project consisted of writing software code, some of which contained specially-designed digital filters, which will be incorporated into an existing commercial software program that is already designed to collect, plot and analyze conventional 12-lead ECG signals on a desktop, portable or palm PC. The software will derive the high-frequency QRS signals, which will be analyzed (in numerous ways) and plotted alongside of the conventional ECG signals, giving the PC-viewing clinician advanced diagnostic information that has never been available previously in all 12 ECG leads simultaneously. After the hardware and software for the advanced digital ECG monitor have been fully integrated, plans are to use the monitor to begin clinical studies both on healthy subjects and on patients with known coronary artery disease in both the outpatient and hospital settings. The ultimate goal is to get the technology

  13. Material control and surveillance for high frequency access vaults project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'Material Control and Surveillance for High Frequency Access Vaults' project sponsored by United States Department of Energy's Office of Security Policy, Policy Integration and Technical Support Program (SO-20.3) focuses on enhancing nuclear materials control and surveillance in vaults that are frequently accessed. The focus of this effort is to improve materials control and accountability (MC and A) while decreasing the operational impact of these activities. Los Alamos and Y-12 have developed a testbed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for evaluating and demonstrating integrated technologies for use in enhancing materials control and accountability in active nuclear material storage vaults. An update will be provided on the new systems demonstrated in the test-bed including a 'confirmatory cart' for expediting the performance of inventory and radio-frequency actuated video that demonstrates the concept of automated data entry for materials moving between MBA's. The United States Department of Energy's Office of Security Policy, Policy Integration and Technical Support Program (SO-20.3) has sponsored a project where nuclear material inventory, control and surveillance systems are evaluated, developed, and demonstrated in an effort to provide technologies that reduce risk, increase material assurance, and provide cost-efficient alternatives to manpower-intensive physical inventory and surveillance approaches for working (high-frequency-access) vaults. This Fiscal Year has been largely focused on evaluating and developing components of two sub-systems that could be used either separately in nuclear material vaults or as part of a larger integrated system for nuclear materials accountability, control and surveillance.

  14. The Influence of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves Upon Muscles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moy, Lawrence S.; Baker, Robert M. L.

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to present a theory for the possible influence of high-frequency gravitational waves or HFGWs and pulsed micro-current electromagnetic waves or EMs on biological matter specifically on muscle cells and myofibroblasts. The theory involves consideration of the natural frequency of contractions and relaxations of muscles, especially underlying facial skin, and the possible influence of HFGWs on that process. GWs pass without attenuation through all material thus conventional wisdom would dictate that GWs would have no influence on biological matter. On the other hand, GWs can temporarily modify a gravitational field in some locality if they are of high frequency and such a modification might have an influence in changing the skin muscles' natural frequency. Prior to the actual laboratory generation of HFGWs their influence can be emulated by micro-current EM pulses to the skin and some evidence presented here on that effect may predict the influence of HFGWs. We believe that the HFGW pulsations lead to increased muscle activity and may serve to reverse the aging process. A novel theoretical framework concerning these relaxation phenomena is one result of the paper. Another result is the analysis of the possible delivery system of the FBAR-generated HFGWs, the actual power of the generated HFGWs, and the system's application to nanostructural modification of the skin or muscle cells. It is concluded that a series of non-evasive experiments, which are identified, will have the potential to test theory by detecting and analyzing the possible HFGWs change in polarization, refraction, etc. after their interaction with the muscle cells.

  15. Dynamic temperature field in the ferromagnetic plate induced by moving high frequency inductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milošević-Mitić Vesna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the paper is the temperature distribution in the thin metallic ferromagnetic plate influenced by moving linear high frequency induction heater. As a result of high frequency electromagnetic field, conducting currents appear in the part of the plate. Distribution of the eddy-current power across the plate thickness is obtained by use of complex analysis. The influences of the heater frequency, magnetic field intensity and plate thickness on the heat power density were discussed. By treating this power as a moving heat source, differential equations governing distribution of the temperature field are formulated. Temperature across the plate thickness is assumed to be in linear form. Differential equations are analytically solved by using integral-transform technique, Fourier finite-sine and finite-cosine transform and Laplace transform. The influence of the heater velocity to the plate temperature is presented on numerical examples based on theoretically obtained results. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 35040 i br. TR 35011

  16. High-frequency gravitational waves having large spectral densities and their electromagnetic response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various cosmology models, brane oscillation scenarios, interaction of interstellar plasma with intense electromagnetic radiation, and even high-energy physics experiments (e.g., Large Hadron Collider (LHC)) all predict high frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs, i.e., high-energy gravitons) in the microwave band and higher frequency region, and some of them have large energy densities. Electromagnetic (EM) detection to such HFGWs would be suitable due to very high frequencies and large energy densities of the HFGWs. We review several typical EM detection schemes, i.e., inverse Gertsenshtein effect (G-effect), coupling of the inverse G effect with a coherent EM wave, coupling of planar superconducting open cavity with a static magnetic field, cylindrical superconducting closed cavity, and the EM sychro-resonance system, and discuss related minimal detectable amplitudes and sensitivities. Furthermore, we give some new ideas and improvement ways enhancing the possibility of measuring the HFGWs. It is shown that there is still a large room for improvement for those schemes to approach and even reach up the requirement of detection of HFGWs expected by the cosmological models and high-energy astrophysical process. (general)

  17. High-frequency gravitational waves from magnetars and gamma-ray bursts

    CERN Document Server

    Wen, Hao; Li, Jin; Fang, Zhenyun

    2016-01-01

    Extremely powerful astrophysical electromagnetic (EM) system could lead to significant energy-momentum tensor as possible source of high-frequency gravitational waves (HFGWs). Here based on properties of magnetars and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), we address 'Gamma-HFGWs' caused by ultra-strong EM radiations (in the radiation-dominated phase of GRBs fireball) interacting with super-high magnetar surface magnetic fields (10^{11}Tesla). By certain parameters of distance and power, the Gamma-HFGWs would have amplitude of 10^{-41} at 10^{20}Hz, and such very high frequency effectively compensate their weak amplitude and thus would cause perturbed EM waves of 10^{-20}Watt/m^2 in proposed HFGW detection system based on EM response to GWs. Particularly, predicted Gamma-HFGWs can possess distinctive pulse-like envelopes with characteristic shapes, which could be exclusive features helpful to distinguish them from background noise. Results obtained suggest that magnetars could involve in possible astrophysical EM sources o...

  18. Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites for high-frequency multilayer inductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierlich, S.; Reimann, T.; Bartsch, H.; Töpfer, J.

    2015-06-01

    The sintering behavior, microstructure and permeability of Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites BaCoxTixFe12-2xO19 (1.0≤x≤1.4) was studied for applications as multilayer inductors in the high-frequency range up to 2 GHz. Single-phase M-type ferrites were obtained after calcination at 1000 °C. The saturation magnetization and coercivity decrease with x and hysteresis measurements illustrate a gradual transition of the anisotropy from uniaxial to planar. Addition of 5 wt% of a BBSZ glass allows densification at 900 °C through liquid-phase sintering. The permeability of samples sintered at 900 °C increases with the Co/Ti substitution and reaches its maximum of μ‧=16 at 1 MHz at x=1.3 with a resonance frequency fr≥1 GHz. Monolithic ferrite multilayer inductors were fabricated with printed Ag coil patterns by co-firing at 900 °C. It is shown that Co/Ti-substituted hexagonal M-type ferrite is an excellent material for the high-frequency multilayer inductors.

  19. Magnetism Materials and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Trémolet de Lacheisserie, Étienne; Schlenker, Michel

    2005-01-01

    This book treats permanent magnet (hard) materials, magnetically soft materials for low-frequency applications and for high-frequency electronics, magnetostrictive materials, superconductors, magnetic-thin films and multilayers, and ferrofluids. Chapters are dedicated to magnetic recording, the role of magnetism in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and instrumentation for magnetic measurements.   

  20. Black phosphorus nanoelectromechanical resonators vibrating at very high frequencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zenghui; Jia, Hao; Zheng, Xuqian; Yang, Rui; Wang, Zefang; Ye, G. J.; Chen, X. H.; Shan, Jie; Feng, Philip X.-L.

    2014-12-01

    We report on the experimental demonstration of a new type of nanoelectromechanical resonator based on black phosphorus crystals. Facilitated by a highly efficient dry transfer technique, crystalline black phosphorus flakes are harnessed to enable drumhead resonators vibrating at high and very high frequencies (HF and VHF bands, up to ~100 MHz). We investigate the resonant vibrational responses from the black phosphorus crystals by devising both electrical and optical excitation schemes, in addition to measuring the undriven thermomechanical motions in these suspended nanostructures. Flakes with thicknesses from ~200 nm down to ~20 nm clearly exhibit elastic characteristics transitioning from the plate to the membrane regime. Both frequency- and time-domain measurements of the nanomechanical resonances show that very thin black phosphorus crystals hold interesting potential for moveable and vibratory devices and for semiconductor transducers where high-speed mechanical motions could be coupled to the attractive electronic and optoelectronic properties of black phosphorus.We report on the experimental demonstration of a new type of nanoelectromechanical resonator based on black phosphorus crystals. Facilitated by a highly efficient dry transfer technique, crystalline black phosphorus flakes are harnessed to enable drumhead resonators vibrating at high and very high frequencies (HF and VHF bands, up to ~100 MHz). We investigate the resonant vibrational responses from the black phosphorus crystals by devising both electrical and optical excitation schemes, in addition to measuring the undriven thermomechanical motions in these suspended nanostructures. Flakes with thicknesses from ~200 nm down to ~20 nm clearly exhibit elastic characteristics transitioning from the plate to the membrane regime. Both frequency- and time-domain measurements of the nanomechanical resonances show that very thin black phosphorus crystals hold interesting potential for moveable and vibratory

  1. Novel high frequency devices with graphene and GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Pei

    This work focuses on exploring new materials and new device structures to develop novel devices that can operate at very high speed. In chapter 2, the high frequency performance limitations of graphene transistor with channel length less than 100 nm are explored. The simulated results predict that intrinsic cutoff frequency fT of graphene transistor can be close to 2 THz at 15 nm channel length. In chapter 3, we explored the possibility of developing a 2D materials based vertical tunneling device. An analytical model to calculate the channel potentials and current-voltage characteristics in a Symmetric tunneling Field-Effect-Transistor (SymFET) is presented. The symmetric resonant peak in SymFET is a good candidate for high-speed analog applications. Rest of the work focuses on Gallium Nitride (GaN), several novel device concepts based on GaN heterostructure have been proposed for high frequency and high power applications. In chapter 4, we compared the performance of GaN Schottky diodes on bulk GaN substrates and GaN-on-sapphire substrates. In addition, we also discussed the lateral GaN Schottky diode between metal/2DEGs. The advantage of lateral GaN Schottky diodes is the intrinsic cutoff frequency is in the THz range. In chapter 5, a GaN Heterostructure barrier diode (HBD) is designed using the polarization charge and band offset at the AlGaN/GaN heterojunction. The polarization charge at AlGaN/GaN interface behaves as a delta-doping which induces a barrier without any chemical doping. The IV characteristics can be explained by the barrier controlled thermionic emission current. GaN HBDs can be directly integrated with GaN HEMTs, and serve as frequency multipliers or mixers for RF applications. In chapter 6, a GaN based negative effective mass oscillator (NEMO) is proposed. The current in NEMO is estimated under the ballistic limits. Negative differential resistances (NDRs) can be observed with more than 50% of the injected electrons occupied the negative

  2. Electromagnetic Response of High-Frequency Gravitational Waves by Coupling Open Resonant Cavity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Fang-Yu; CHEN Ying; WANG Ping

    2007-01-01

    We present a new detecting scheme of high-frequency gravitational waves(HFGWs) in the GHz band,the scheme consists of a high-quality-factor open microwave cavity,a static magnetic field passing through the cavity and an electromagnetic (EM)normal mode stored in the cavity.It is found that under the resonant condition firstand second-order perturbation EM effects have almost the same detecting sensitivity to the HFGWs in the GHz band (h~10-26,v~5GHz),but the former contains more information from the HFGWs.We akso provide a very brief review for possible improving way of the sensitivity.This scheme would be Highly complementary to other schemes of detecting the HFGWs.

  3. Utilization of Electromagnetic Detector for Selection and Detection of High-Frequency Relic Gravitational Waves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Fang-Yu; CHEN Zhen-Ya; YI Ying

    2005-01-01

    @@ It is shown that the coupling system between fractal membranes and a Gaussian beam passing through a static magnetic field has strong selection capability for the stochastic relic gravitational wave (GW) background. The relic G W components propagating along the positive direction of the symmetrical axis of the Gaussian beam might generate an optimal electromagnetic perturbation, while the perturbation produced by the relic GW components propagating along the negative and perpendicular directions to the symmetrical axis will be much less than the former, and the influence of the random fluctuation of the relic GWs to such effect can be neglected. The high-frequency relic GWs satisfying the parameters requirement (h ~ 10-31 or larger), frequency resonance and "direction coupling", in principle, would be selectable and measurable in seconds.

  4. Design of High Frequency Power Oscillator Board Based on Rotary Encoder Control

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang Shifen; Liang Jiyi

    2013-01-01

    Accurate and stable high frequency pulse power supply is studied to improve high-speed wedm machine tool's efficiency. Regarding to the shortcomings of traditional digital circuit high frequency oscillator board, we design a high frequency power oscillator board based on rotary encoder control, control accuracy and high-frequency waveform by programming, adjusting the frequency and display. It has six brakes of processing function, it also includes feedback function of emulsification oil. The...

  5. High-frequency electrodeless lamps in argon-mercury mixtures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denisova, N [Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Revalde, G [Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd. 19, Riga (Latvia); Skudra, A [Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd. 19, Riga (Latvia); Zissis, G [CPAT, University Toulouse 3, 118 rte de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse (France); Zorina, N [Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd. 19, Riga (Latvia)

    2005-09-07

    In this paper, numerical and experimental investigations of high-frequency (HF) electrodeless lamps in argon-mercury mixtures are performed. The intensities of the mercury spectral lines having wavelengths {lambda} = 404.66, 435.83, 546.07 nm (7{sup 3}S{sub 1}-6{sup 3}P{sub 0,1,2}) and the resonance line {lambda} = 253.7 nm (6{sup 3} P{sub 1}-6{sup 1}S{sub 0}) are measured at a wide range of mercury pressures, varying the HF generator current and argon filling pressure. A stationary self-consistent model of HF electrodeless discharge lamp is developed including kinetics of the excited mercury and argon atomic states. Based on the developed model, the radiation characteristics of the discharge plasma are calculated. Numerical simulation of the line intensities behaviour in dependence on the mercury pressure, HF generator current and argon filling pressure is performed. The model results are in qualitative agreement with the experimental data. The calculations of the relative intensities of the visible triplet lines 7{sup 3}S{sub 1}-6{sup 3}P{sub 0,1,2} are presented for the first time in this paper.

  6. HIGH FREQUENCY POWER TRANSMISSION LINE FOR CYCLOTRONS AND THE LIKE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, W.J.

    1954-04-20

    High-frequency power transmission systems, particularly a stacked capacitance alternating power current transmission line wherein maximum utilization of the effective conductios skin of the line conductors is achieved while enabling a low impedance to be obtained are reported. The transmission line consists of a number of flat metal strips with interleaved dielectric strips. The metal dielectric strips are coiled spirally with the axis of the spiral extending along the length of the strips, and the alternating metal strips at the output end have outwardly extending aligned lugs which are directly strapped together and connected to the respective terminals on the load. At the input end of the transmission line, similarly, the alternate metal strips are directly strapped together and connected to an altereating current source. With the arrangement described each metal strip conducts on both sides, so that the metal strips are designed to have a thickness corresponding to twice the depth of the "skin effect" conducting lamina of each conductor at the source frequency.

  7. Scattering of high-frequency surface waves in Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacBeth, Colin; Snieder, Roel

    1989-02-01

    High-frequency (≤5 Hz) coda waves for velocities of arrival less than 3 km/s, recorded on vertical component instruments and generated from a local earthquake in Scotland, are analyzed to ascertain their cause. The adaption of existing velocity models and scattering from near-surface irregularities in Scotland such as mountains and lochs are considered as possible causes of the observed behavior. The former mechanism is not feasible, as it implies a significant alteration of the velocities in the upper 2 km crust, contradicting previous seismic surveys in the area. An analysis of the effects of scattering is performed using a formalism derived from the Born approximation. The scattered wave field is computed for interactions between first six Rayleigh and Love modes. The general character of the synthetic seismograms for these scattered waves agrees with the observations on a qualitative basis. The apparent absence of the fundamental mode energy from the records is also explained by the synthetic seismograms. The calculations imply that scatterers with a scale length of less than 300 m are applicable to these data from the northernmost stations but around 2 km for the more southern areas. It is thought that the scale length relates to the size of a region on the slopes of the mountains or lochs where there is a sharp gradient. This study emphasises the effectiveness of linear scattering theory in accounting, on a qualitative basis for many of the observed features of the apparently complex coda waves.

  8. High frequency flow-structural interaction in dense subsonic fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Baw-Lin; Ofarrell, J. M.

    1995-01-01

    Prediction of the detailed dynamic behavior in rocket propellant feed systems and engines and other such high-energy fluid systems requires precise analysis to assure structural performance. Designs sometimes require placement of bluff bodies in a flow passage. Additionally, there are flexibilities in ducts, liners, and piping systems. A design handbook and interactive data base have been developed for assessing flow/structural interactions to be used as a tool in design and development, to evaluate applicable geometries before problems develop, or to eliminate or minimize problems with existing hardware. This is a compilation of analytical/empirical data and techniques to evaluate detailed dynamic characteristics of both the fluid and structures. These techniques have direct applicability to rocket engine internal flow passages, hot gas drive systems, and vehicle propellant feed systems. Organization of the handbook is by basic geometries for estimating Strouhal numbers, added mass effects, mode shapes for various end constraints, critical onset flow conditions, and possible structural response amplitudes. Emphasis is on dense fluids and high structural loading potential for fatigue at low subsonic flow speeds where high-frequency excitations are possible. Avoidance and corrective measure illustrations are presented together with analytical curve fits for predictions compiled from a comprehensive data base.

  9. Theory of High Frequency Rectification by Silicon Crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bethe, H. A.

    1942-10-29

    The excellent performance of British "red dot" crystals is explained as due to the knife edge contact against a polished surface. High frequency rectification depends critically on the capacity of the rectifying boundary layer of the crystal, C. For high conversion efficiency, the product of this capacity and of the "forward" (bulk) resistance R {sub b} of the crystal must be small. For a knife edge, this product depends primarily on the breadth of the knife edge and very little upon its length. The contact can therefore have a rather large area which prevents burn-out. For a wavelength of 10 cm. the computations show that the breadth of the knife edge should be less than about 10 {sup -3} cm. For a point contact the radius must be less than 1.5 x 10 {sup -3} cm. and the resulting small area is conducive to burn-out. The effect of "tapping" is probably to reduce the area of contact. (auth)

  10. Ionospheric heating with oblique high-frequency waves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents calculations of ionospheric electron temperature and density perturbations and ground-level signal changes produced by intense oblique high-frequency (HF) radio waves. The analysis takes into account focusing at caustics, the consequent Joule heating of the surrounding plasma, heat conduction, diffusion, and recombination processes, these being the effects of a powerful oblique modifying wave. It neglects whatever plasma instabilities might occur. The authors then seek effects on a secondary test wave that is propagated along the same path as the first. The calculations predict ground-level field strength reductions of several decibels in the test wave for modifying waves having effective radiated power (ERP) in the 85- to 90-dBW range. These field strength changes are similar in sign, magnitude, and location to ones measured in Soviet experiments. The location of the signal change is sensitive to the frequency and the model ionosphere assumed; so future experiments should employ the widest possible range of frequencies and propagation conditions. An ERP of 90 dBW seems to be a sort of threshold that, if exceeded, might result in substantial rather than small signal changes. The conclusions are based solely on Joule heating and subsequent refraction of waves passing through caustic regions

  11. Identifying High Frequency Peakers using the Korean VLBI Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Y.; Sohn, B. W.; Chung, A.; Park, S.; Park, P.

    2016-02-01

    High Frequency Peakers (HFPs) are known to be promising targets to study the AGN properties at their very early evolutionary stage. To date, HFP classification has been usually relied on the spectral shape with the relatively sparse or short time range monitoring. However, HFP samples are often contaminated by blazars which are compact and highly variable, and hence may behave in similar ways to HFPs. In this work, we challenge to identify genuine young AGNs by long-term monitoring of HFP candidates at high radio frequencies. We performed single-dish monitoring of 19 candidates in 18 epochs over 2.5 years at 22 and 43 GHz simultaneously, using the Korean VLBI Network (KVN). Also, using the KVN and VERA array (KaVA), we carried out 22 and 43 GHz VLBI observations of seven candidates from our sample, and investigated their parsec-scale (milli-arcsecond scale) morphology. We discuss the results of the source classification from our long-term single dish monitoring observation and the preliminary results of follow-up VLBI observation.

  12. Why high-frequency pulse tubes can be tipped

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swift, Gregory W092710 [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The typical low-frequency pulse-tube refrigerator loses significant cooling power when it is tipped with the pulse tube's cold end above its hot end, because natural convection in the pulse tube loads the cold heat exchanger. Yet most high-frequency pulse-tube refrigerators work well in any orientation with respect to gravity. In such a refrigerator, natural convection is suppressed by sufficiently fast velocity oscil1ations, via a nonlinear hydrodynamic effect that tends to align the density gradients in the pulse tube parallel to the oscillation direction. Since gravity's tendency to cause convection is only linear in the pulse tube's end-to-end temperature difference while the oscillation's tendency to align density gradients with oscillating velocity is nonlinear, it is easiest to suppress convection when the end-to-end temperature difference is largest. Simple experiments demonstrate this temperature dependence, the strong dependence on the oscillating velocity, and little dependence on the magnitude or phase of the oscillating pressure. In some circumstances in this apparatus, the suppression of convection is a hysteretic function of oscillating velocity. In some other circumstances, a time-dependent convective state seems more difficult to suppress.

  13. High frequency strain measurements with fiber Bragg grating sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, J.; Angelmahr, M.; Schade, W.

    2015-05-01

    In recent years fiber Bragg grating sensors gained interest in structural health monitoring and concepts for smart structures. They are small, lightweight, and immune to electromagnetic interference. Using multiplexing techniques, several sensors can be addressed by a single fiber. Therefore, well-established structures and materials in industrial applications can be easily equipped with fiber optical sensors with marginal influence on their mechanical properties. In return, critical components can be monitored in real-time, leading to reduced maintenance intervals and a great reduction of costs. Beside of generally condition monitoring, the localization of failures in a structure is a desired feature of the condition monitoring system. Detecting the acoustic emission of a sudden event, its place of origin can be determined by analyzing the delay time of distributed sensor signals. To achieve high localization accuracies for the detection of cracks, breaks, and impacts high sampling rates combined with the simultaneous interrogation of several fiber Bragg grating sensors are required. In this article a fiber Bragg grating interrogator for high frequency measurements up to the megahertz range is presented. The interrogator is based on a passive wavelength to intensity conversion applying arrayed waveguide gratings. Light power fluctuations are suppressed by a differential data evaluation, leading to a reduced signal-to-noise ratio and a low strain detection limit. The measurement system is used to detect, inter alia, wire breaks in steel wire ropes for dockside cranes.

  14. High-Frequency Chest Compression: A Summary of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cara F Dosman

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present literature summary is to describe high-frequency chest compression (HFCC, summarize its history and outline study results on its effect on mucolysis, mucus transport, pulmonary function and quality of life. HFCC is a mechanical method of self-administered chest physiotherapy, which induces rapid air movement in and out of the lungs. This mean oscillated volume is an effective method of mucolysis and mucus clearance. HFCC can increase independence. Some studies have shown that HFCC leads to more mucus clearance and better lung function compared with conventional chest physiotherapy. However, HFCC also decreases end-expiratory lung volume, which can lead to increased airway resistance and a decreased oscillated volume. Adding positive end-expiratory pressure to HFCC has been shown to prevent this decrease in end-expiratory lung volume and to increase the oscillated volume. It is possible that the HFCC-induced decrease in end-expiratory lung volume may result in more mucus clearance in airways that remain open by reducing airway size. Adjunctive methods, such as positive end-expiratory pressure, may not always be needed to make HFCC more effective.

  15. Challenges in graphene integration for high-frequency electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannazzo, F.; Fisichella, G.; Greco, G.; Roccaforte, F.

    2016-06-01

    This paper provides an overview of the state-of-the-art research on graphene (Gr) for high-frequency (RF) devices. After discussing current limitations of lateral Gr RF transistors, novel vertical devices concepts such as the Gr Base Hot Electron Transistor (GBHET) will be introduced and the main challenges in Gr integration within these architectures will be discussed. In particular, a GBHET device based on Gr/AlGaN/GaN heterostructure will be considered. An approach to the fabrication of this heterostructure by transfer of CVD grown Gr on copper to the AlGaN surface will be presented. The morphological and electrical properties of this system have been investigated at nanoscale by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and conductive atomic force microscopy (CAFM). In particular, local current-voltage measurements by the CAFM probe revealed the formation of a Schottky contact with low barrier height (˜0.41 eV) and excellent lateral uniformity between Gr and AlGaN. Basing on the electrical parameters extracted from this characterization, the theoretical performances of a GBHET formed by a metal/Al2O3/Gr/AlGaN/GaN stack have been evaluated.

  16. High-frequency synthetic ultrasound array incorporating an actuator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Timothy A.; Shrout, Thomas R.; Shung, K. Kirk

    2001-05-01

    Ultrasound imaging at frequencies above 20 MHz relies almost exclusively on single-element transducers. IN order to apply array technology at these frequencies, several practical problems must be solved, including spatial scale and fabrication limitations, low device capacitance, and lack of a hardware beamformer. One method of circumventing these problems is to combine an array, an actuator, and a synthetic aperture software beamformer. The array can use relatively wide elements spaced on a coarse pitch. The actuator is used to move the array in short steps (less than the element pitch), and pulse-echo data is acquired at intermediate sample positions. The synthetic aperture beamformer reconstructs the image from the pulse-echo data. A 50 MHz example is analyzed in detail. Estimates of signal-to-noise reveal performance comparable to a standard phased array; furthermore, the actuated array requires half the number of elements, the elements are 8x wider, and only one channel is required. Simulated three-dimensional point spread functions demonstrate side lobe levels approaching - 40dB and main beam widths of 50 to 100 microns. A 50 MHz piezo-composite array design has been tested which displays experimental bandwidth of 70% while maintaining high sensitivity. Individual composite sub-elements are 18 microns wide. Once this array is integrated with a suitable actuator, it is anticipated that a tractable method of imaging with high frequency arrays will result.

  17. High-frequency Ultrasound Imaging of Mouse Cervical Lymph Nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walk, Elyse L; McLaughlin, Sarah L; Weed, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    High-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) is widely employed as a non-invasive method for imaging internal anatomic structures in experimental small animal systems. HFUS has the ability to detect structures as small as 30 µm, a property that has been utilized for visualizing superficial lymph nodes in rodents in brightness (B)-mode. Combining power Doppler with B-mode imaging allows for measuring circulatory blood flow within lymph nodes and other organs. While HFUS has been utilized for lymph node imaging in a number of mouse  model systems, a detailed protocol describing HFUS imaging and characterization of the cervical lymph nodes in mice has not been reported. Here, we show that HFUS can be adapted to detect and characterize cervical lymph nodes in mice. Combined B-mode and power Doppler imaging can be used to detect increases in blood flow in immunologically-enlarged cervical nodes. We also describe the use of B-mode imaging to conduct fine needle biopsies of cervical lymph nodes to retrieve lymph tissue for histological  analysis. Finally, software-aided steps are described to calculate changes in lymph node volume and to visualize changes in lymph node morphology following image reconstruction. The ability to visually monitor changes in cervical lymph node biology over time provides a simple and powerful technique for the non-invasive monitoring of cervical lymph node alterations in preclinical mouse models of oral cavity disease. PMID:26274059

  18. Three-Dimensional Electromagnetic High Frequency Axisymmetric Cavity Scars.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warne, Larry Kevin; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt

    2014-10-01

    This report examines the localization of high frequency electromagnetic fi elds in three-dimensional axisymmetric cavities along periodic paths between opposing sides of the cavity. The cases where these orbits lead to unstable localized modes are known as scars. This report treats both the case where the opposing sides, or mirrors, are convex, where there are no interior foci, and the case where they are concave, leading to interior foci. The scalar problem is treated fi rst but the approximations required to treat the vector fi eld components are also examined. Particular att ention is focused on the normalization through the electromagnetic energy theorem. Both projections of the fi eld along the scarred orbit as well as point statistics are examined. Statistical comparisons are m ade with a numerical calculation of the scars run with an axisymmetric simulation. This axisymmetric cas eformstheoppositeextreme(wherethetwomirror radii at each end of the ray orbit are equal) from the two -dimensional solution examined previously (where one mirror radius is vastly di ff erent from the other). The enhancement of the fi eldontheorbitaxiscanbe larger here than in the two-dimensional case. Intentionally Left Blank

  19. The nature of high frequency sister chromatid exchange cells (HFCs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzanelli, I; Landi, S; Bernacchi, F; Barale, R

    1997-09-01

    We employed the three-way differential staining technique (TWD), which allows SCEs to be distinguished on a per generation basis by scoring third metaphases (M3), in order to study the spontaneous levels of SCEs in normal and high frequency cells (HFCs) that occurred in the first (S1), second (S2) and third (S3) S phases. Fifty one of 900 lymphocytes from 37 healthy donors were defined as HFCs by calculating the 95th percentile of the distribution of SCEs in S1 + S2. 'Normal' cells presented almost the same number of SCEs after the first, second and third cell cycles (SCE averages of 2.43, 2.04 and 3.53 respectively). In contrast, HFCs showed a higher SCE count in S1, which decreased rapidly through the cycles and reached baseline level at S3 (SCE averages of 7.18, 4.29 and 3.45 respectively). This would suggest that the lesions responsible for the higher SCE frequency in HFCs were effectively removed after two cell cycles and strongly support the hypothesis that HFCs are lymphocytes which accumulate higher levels of DNA lesions through time. PMID:9379910

  20. High Frequency GPS sources in the AT20G Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Hancock, P J

    2009-01-01

    The Australia Telescope 20GHz (AT20G) survey was used to select a complete sample of 656 Gigahertz Peaked Spectrum (GPS) sources with spectral turnovers above 5GHz. The AT20G has near simultaneous observations at 4.8, 8.6 and 20GHz, which makes it possible to exclude flat spectrum variability as a cause of a source's peaked spectrum. Optical identification of the sample results in 361 QSOs and 104 galaxies and 191 blank fields. Redshifts are known for 104 of the GPS sources. The GPS sources from the AT20G are discussed and compared to previously known samples. The new sample of high frequency peaking GPS sources is found at a lower redshift than previous samples and to also have a lower 5GHz radio power. Evidence is found to support the idea that the origin of the GPS spectral shape are intrinsically different for galaxies and QSOs. This paper is an elaboration and extension of the talk given at the $4^{th}$ CSS/GPS conference in Riccione in May 2008.

  1. Photodetachment of H- from intense, short, high-frequency pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Hua-Chieh; Robicheaux, F.

    2016-05-01

    We study the photodetachment of an electron from the hydrogen anion due to short, high-frequency laser pulses by numerically solving the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. Simulations are performed to investigate the dependence of the photoelectron spectra on the duration, chirp, and intensity of the pulses. Specifically, we concentrate on the low-energy distributions in the spectra that result from the Raman transitions of the broadband pulses. Contrary to one-photon ionization, the low-energy distribution maintains an almost constant width as the laser bandwidth is expanded by chirping the pulses. In addition, we study the transitions of the ionization dynamics from the perturbative to the strong-field regime. At high intensities, the positions of the net one- and two-photon absorption peaks in the spectrum shift and the peaks split to multiple subpeaks due to multiphoton effects. Moreover, although the one- and two-photon peaks and low-energy distribution exhibit saturation of the ionization yields, the low-energy distribution shows relatively mild saturation.

  2. Tecnologia radio cognitiva en la banda ultra high frequency (UHF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Paz Penagos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mobile cellular communication companies in Colombia require more spectrum resources to expand their portfolio of services. However, additional frequency bands for that particular purpose are scarce, yet it is well known that there are many underutilized licensed bands. Therefore new radio technologies are being studied in order to solve this problem, e.g. Software Defined Radio SDR Cognitive Radio CR and Dynamic Spectrum Access DSA. These strategies recommend mobility across the radio spectrum to meet various needs and achieve greater efficiency when managing such a scarce resource. In this context, a case study is presented in an attempt to examine the require¬ments that must be met for the implementation of cognitive radio networks in Bogota. The case study includes evaluation for the possibility of migration from cellular communications to cognitive radio since the bands assigned to UltraHigh Frequency UHF television offer possible free-of-interference coexistence between the two services (i.e. Cellular and TV. The study shows feasibility to migration; however, the implementations of cognitive radio need availability of hardware, software and flexible radio platforms.

  3. Improving NASICON Sinterability through Crystallization under High Frequency Electrical Fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya eLisenker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The effect of high frequency (HF electric fields on the crystallization and sintering rates of a lithium aluminum germanium phosphate (LAGP ion conducting ceramic was investigated. LAGP with the nominal composition Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO43 was crystallized and sintered, both conventionally and under effect of electrical field. Electrical field application, of 300V/cm at 1MHz, produced up to a 40% improvement in sintering rate of LAGP that was crystallized and sintered under the HF field. Heat sink effect of the electrodes appears to arrest thermal runaway and subsequent flash behavior. Sintered pellets were characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM and EIS to compare conventionally and field sintered processes. The as-sintered structure appears largely unaffected by the field as the sintering curves tend to converge beyond initial stages of sintering. Differences in densities and microstructure after 1 hour of sintering were minor with measured sintering strains of 31% vs. 26% with and without field, respectively . Ionic conductivity of the sintered pellets was evaluated and no deterioration due to the use of HF field was noted, though capacitance of grain boundaries due to secondary phases was significantly increased.

  4. High Frequency Mechanical Pyroshock Simulations for Payload Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BATEMAN,VESTA I.; BROWN,FREDERICK A.; CAP,JEROME S.; NUSSER,MICHAEL A.

    1999-12-15

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) designs mechanical systems with components that must survive high frequency shock environments including pyrotechnic shock. These environments have not been simulated very well in the past at the payload system level because of weight limitations of traditional pyroshock mechanical simulations using resonant beams and plates. A new concept utilizing tuned resonators attached to the payload system and driven with the impact of an airgun projectile allow these simulations to be performed in the laboratory with high precision and repeatability without the use of explosives. A tuned resonator has been designed and constructed for a particular payload system. Comparison of laboratory responses with measurements made at the component locations during actual pyrotechnic events show excellent agreement for a bandwidth of DC to 4 kHz. The bases of comparison are shock spectra. This simple concept applies the mechanical pyroshock simulation simultaneously to all components with the correct boundary conditions in the payload system and is a considerable improvement over previous experimental techniques and simulations.

  5. Status of the JET high frequency pellet injector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► JET pellet injection system operational for plasma fuelling and ELM pacing. ► Good reliability of the system for Low Field Side injection of fuelling size pellets. ► ELM triggered by small pellets at up to 4.5 times the intrinsic ELM frequency. ► Pellet parameters range leading to a high probability to trigger ELM identified. -- Abstract: A new high frequency pellet injector, part of the JET programme in support of ITER, has been installed on JET at the end of 2007. Its main objective is the mitigation of the Edge Localized Modes (ELMs), responsible for unacceptable thermal loads on the wall when their amplitude is too high. The injector was also required to have the capability to inject pellets for plasma fuelling. To reach this double goal, the injector has to be capable to produce and accelerate either small pellets to trigger ELMs (pace making), allowing to control their frequency and thus their amplitude, or large pellets to fuel the plasma. Operational since the beginning of the 2009 JET experimental campaign, the injector, based on the screw extruder technology, suffered from a general degradation of its performance linked to extrusion instability. After modifications of the nozzle assembly, re-commissioning on plasma has been undertaken during the first half of 2012 and successful pellet ELM pacing was achieved, rising the intrinsic ELM frequency up to 4.5 times

  6. Planck pre-launch status: High Frequency Instrument polarization calibration

    CERN Document Server

    Rosset, C; Ponthieu, N; Ade, P; Catalano, A; Conversi, L; Couchot, F; Crill, B P; Désert, F -X; Ganga, K; Giard, M; Giraud-Héraud, Y; Haïssinski, J; Henrot-Versillé, S; Holmes, W; Jones, W C; Lamarre, J -M; Lange, A; Leroy, C; Macías-Pérez, J; Maffei, B; de Marcillac, P; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Montier, L; Noviello, F; Pajot, F; Perdereau, O; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Puget, J -L; Ristorcelli, I; Savini, G; Sudiwala, R; Veneziani, M; Yvon, D

    2010-01-01

    The High Frequency Instrument of Planck will map the entire sky in the millimeter and sub-millimeter domain from 100 to 857 GHz with unprecedented sensitivity to polarization ($\\Delta P/T_{\\tiny cmb} \\sim 4\\cdot 10^{-6}$) at 100, 143, 217 and 353 GHz. It will lead to major improvements in our understanding of the Cosmic Microwave Background anisotropies and polarized foreground signals. Planck will make high resolution measurements of the $E$-mode spectrum (up to $\\ell \\sim 1500$) and will also play a prominent role in the search for the faint imprint of primordial gravitational waves on the CMB polarization. This paper addresses the effects of calibration of both temperature (gain) and polarization (polarization efficiency and detector orientation) on polarization measurements. The specific requirements on the polarization parameters of the instrument are set and we report on their pre-flight measurement on HFI bolometers. We present a semi-analytical method that exactly accounts for the scanning strategy of...

  7. Transport of pulmonary secretions by asymmetric high frequency oscillation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asymmetric high frequency oscillation (AHFO) was investigated as a mechanism for augmenting the clearance of excess pulmonary secretions from the airways of the lungs. In vitro and in vivo models were developed to test its ability to predictably transport pulmonary secretions. The augmentation of mucus transport by 10 Hz AHFO was investigated in the canine trachea. Ventilation of eight dogs (2 studies each) was performed with three AHFO power settings in random order and conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) before or after the AHFO trials. Prior to each trial, 35-45 μl of canine muscus mixed with a radiotagged colloid (99Tc/sup m/) was instilled in the distal trachea. As the radiotagged mixture traveled up the trachea, tracheal muscus velocities (TMV) were recorded on six channels with a multidetector probe. CMV mean TMVs before and after AHFO were not significantly different. The mean TMV of 6.3 +/- 2.6 mm/min at 30% power AHFO was faster than the CMV mean TVM of 4.1 +/- 2.1 mm/min (p <0.05)

  8. Resting high frequency heart rate variability selectively predicts cooperative behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beffara, Brice; Bret, Amélie G; Vermeulen, Nicolas; Mermillod, Martial

    2016-10-01

    This study explores whether the vagal connection between the heart and the brain is involved in prosocial behaviors. The Polyvagal Theory postulates that vagal activity underlies prosocial tendencies. Even if several results suggest that vagal activity is associated with prosocial behaviors, none of them used behavioral measures of prosociality to establish this relationship. We recorded the resting state vagal activity (reflected by High Frequency Heart Rate Variability, HF-HRV) of 48 (42 suitale for analysis) healthy human adults and measured their level of cooperation during a hawk-dove game. We also manipulated the consequence of mutual defection in the hawk-dove game (severe vs. moderate). Results show that HF-HRV is positively and linearly related to cooperation level, but only when the consequence of mutual defection is severe (compared to moderate). This supports that i) prosocial behaviors are likely to be underpinned by vagal functioning ii) physiological disposition to cooperate interacts with environmental context. We discuss these results within the theoretical framework of the Polyvagal Theory. PMID:27343804

  9. High frequency alternating current chip nano calorimeter with laser heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heat capacity spectroscopy at frequencies up to 100 kHz is commonly performed by thermal effusivity measurements applying the 3ω-technique. Here we show that AC-calorimetry using a thin film chip sensor allows for the measurement of frequency dependent heat capacity in the thin film limit up to about 1 MHz. Using films thinner than the thermal length of the thermal wave (∼1 μm) at such frequencies is advantageous because it provides heat capacity alone and not in combination with other quantities like thermal conductivity, at least on a qualitative basis. The used calorimetric sensor and the sample are each less than 1 μm thick. For high frequency AC-calorimetry, high cooling rates at very small temperature differences are required. This is realized by minimizing the heated spot to the size of the on chip thermocouple (3 × 6 μm2). A modulated laser beam shaped and positioned by a glass fiber is used as the heat source. The device was used to measure the complex heat capacity in the vicinity of the dynamic glass transition (structural relaxation) of poly(methyl methacrylate). Combining different calorimeters finally provides data between 10−3 Hz and 106 Hz. In this frequency range the dynamic glass transition shifts about 120 K

  10. High frequency alternating current chip nano calorimeter with laser heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoifet, E.; Chua, Y. Z.; Huth, H.; Schick, C.

    2013-07-01

    Heat capacity spectroscopy at frequencies up to 100 kHz is commonly performed by thermal effusivity measurements applying the 3ω-technique. Here we show that AC-calorimetry using a thin film chip sensor allows for the measurement of frequency dependent heat capacity in the thin film limit up to about 1 MHz. Using films thinner than the thermal length of the thermal wave (˜1 μm) at such frequencies is advantageous because it provides heat capacity alone and not in combination with other quantities like thermal conductivity, at least on a qualitative basis. The used calorimetric sensor and the sample are each less than 1 μm thick. For high frequency AC-calorimetry, high cooling rates at very small temperature differences are required. This is realized by minimizing the heated spot to the size of the on chip thermocouple (3 × 6 μm2). A modulated laser beam shaped and positioned by a glass fiber is used as the heat source. The device was used to measure the complex heat capacity in the vicinity of the dynamic glass transition (structural relaxation) of poly(methyl methacrylate). Combining different calorimeters finally provides data between 10-3 Hz and 106 Hz. In this frequency range the dynamic glass transition shifts about 120 K.

  11. Extremely high-frequency micro-Doppler measurements of humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedden, Abigail S.; Silvious, Jerry L.; Dietlein, Charles R.; Green, Jeremy A.; Wikner, David A.

    2014-05-01

    The development of sensors that are capable of penetrating smoke, dust, fog, clouds, and rain is critical for maintaining situational awareness in degraded visual environments and for providing support to the Warfighter. Atmospheric penetration properties, the ability to form high-resolution imagery with modest apertures, and available source power make the extremely high-frequency (EHF) portion of the spectrum promising for the development of radio frequency (RF) sensors capable of penetrating visual obscurants. Comprehensive phenomenology studies including polarization and backscatter properties of relevant targets are lacking at these frequencies. The Army Research Laboratory (ARL) is developing a fully-polarimetric frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) instrumentation radar to explore polarization and backscatter properties of in-situ rain, scattering from natural and man-made surfaces, and the radar cross section and micro-Doppler signatures of humans at EHF frequencies, specifically, around the 220 GHz atmospheric window. This work presents an overview of the design and construction of the radar system, hardware performance, data acquisition software, and initial results including an analysis of human micro-Doppler signatures.

  12. Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites for high-frequency multilayer inductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bierlich, S.; Reimann, T. [University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of SciTec, Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 2, 07745 Jena (Germany); Bartsch, H. [Technical University Ilmenau, IMN MacroNano, G.-Kirchhoff-Str. 7, 98693 Ilmenau (Germany); Töpfer, J., E-mail: joerg.toepfer@fh-jena.de [University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of SciTec, Carl-Zeiss-Promenade 2, 07745 Jena (Germany)

    2015-06-15

    The sintering behavior, microstructure and permeability of Co/Ti-substituted M-type hexagonal ferrites BaCo{sub x}Ti{sub x}Fe{sub 12−2x}O{sub 19} (1.0≤x≤1.4) was studied for applications as multilayer inductors in the high-frequency range up to 2 GHz. Single-phase M-type ferrites were obtained after calcination at 1000 °C. The saturation magnetization and coercivity decrease with x and hysteresis measurements illustrate a gradual transition of the anisotropy from uniaxial to planar. Addition of 5 wt% of a BBSZ glass allows densification at 900 °C through liquid-phase sintering. The permeability of samples sintered at 900 °C increases with the Co/Ti substitution and reaches its maximum of µ′=16 at 1 MHz at x=1.3 with a resonance frequency f{sub r}≥1 GHz. Monolithic ferrite multilayer inductors were fabricated with printed Ag coil patterns by co-firing at 900 °C. It is shown that Co/Ti-substituted hexagonal M-type ferrite is an excellent material for the high-frequency multilayer inductors. - Highlights: • Saturation magnetization and coercivity of Co–Ti substituted M-type hexaferrites BaFe{sub 12−2x}Co{sub x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 19} decrease with x. • Ferrites were sintered at low-temperature of T=900 °C using a BBSZ glass additive. • Large initial permeability of µ′=17 was obtained at x=1.3 for low-temperature sintered Co/Ti-substituted ferrites. • Monolithic ferrite multilayer inductor with Co/Ti substituted M-type ferrite layers and Ag metallization was cofired at 900 °C. • Demonstrates, that monolithic ferrite multilayer based on Co/Ti substituted hexagonal ferrites can be operated up to high frequency of 1 GHz.

  13. High Frequency Monitoring of the Aigion Fault Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornet, Francois; Bourouis, Seid

    2013-04-01

    In 2007, a high frequency monitoring system was deployed in the 1000 m deep AIG10 well that intersects the Aigion fault at a depth of 760 m. This active 15 km long fault is located on the south shore of the Corinth rift, some 40 km east from Patras, in western central Greece. The borehole intersects quaternary sediments down to 495 m, then cretaceous and tertiary heavily tectonized deposits from the Pindos nappe. Below the fault encountered at 760 m, the borehole remains within karstic limestone of the Gavrovo Tripolitza nappe. The monitoring system involved two geophones located some 15 m above the fault, and two hydrophones located respectively at depths equal to 500 m and 250 m. The frequency domain for the data acquisition system ranged from a few Hz to 2500 Hz. The seismic velocity structure close to the borehole was determined through both sonic logs and vertical seismic profiles. This monitoring system has been active during slightly over six months and has recorded signals from microseismic events that occurred in the rift, the location of which was determined thanks to the local 11 stations, three components, short period (2 Hz), monitoring system. In addition, the borehole monitoring system has recorded more than 1000 events not identified with the regional network. Events were precisely correlated with pressure variations associated with two human interventions. These extremely low magnitude events occurred at distances that reached at least up to 1500 m from the well. They were associated, some ten days later, with some local rift activity. A tentative model is proposed that associates local short slip instabilities in the upper part of the fault close to the well, with a longer duration pore pressure diffusion process. Results demonstrate that the Aigion fault is continuously creeping down to a depth at least equal to 5 km but probably deeper.

  14. High frequency noise studies at the Hartousov mofette area (CZE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Andreas; Flores-Estrella, Hortencia; Pommerencke, Julia; Umlauft, Josefine

    2014-05-01

    Ambient noise analysis has been used as a reliable tool to investigate sub-surface structures at seismological quiet regions with none or less specific seismic events. Here, we consider the acoustic signals from a single mofette at the Hartoušov area (CZE) as a noise-like high frequency source caused by multiple near surface degassing processes in a restricted location. From this assumption we have used different array geometries for recording at least one hour of continuous noise. We installed triangular arrays with 3 component geophones: the first deployment consisted on two co-centric triangles with side length of 30 and 50 m with the mofette in the center; the second deployment consisted on two triangular arrays, both with side length of 30 m, co-directional to the mofette. Furthermore, we also installed profiles with 24 channels and vertical geophones locating them in different positions with respect to the mofette. In this work, we present preliminary results from the data analysis dependent on the geometry, to show the characteristics of the noise wave-field referring to frequency content and propagation features, such as directionality and surface wave velocity. The spectral analysis shows that the energy is concentrated in a frequency band among 10 and 40 Hz. However, in this interval there is no evidence of any exclusive fundamental frequencies. From this, man-induced influences can be identified as intermittent signal peaks in narrow frequency bands and can be separated to receive the revised mofette wave-field record. The inversion of dispersive surface waves, that were detected by interferometric methods, provides a velocity model down to 12 m with an S-wave velocity between 160 and 180 m/s on the uppermost layer. Furthermore, the interferometric signal properties indicate that it is not possible to characterize the mofette as a punctual source, but rather as a conglomerate of multiple sources with time and location variations.

  15. Grid Cell Relaxation Effects on the High Frequency Vibration Characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The plate structure of the grid of fuel assembly is always exposed to serious vortex induced vibration. Also, High Frequency flow induced Vibration (HFV) is primarily generated by vortex-shedding effect. When it comes to grid design as a fuel assembly component, HFV should be considered in advance since it is one of the critical factors. Excessive HFV has a possibility of making degradation of the fuel reliability that is directly related to the fuel robustness and operating performance. KEPCO NF (KNF) has performed HFV tests with various grid designs. While studying the HFV characteristics through the HFV tests, it has been observed that HFV amplitudes show different levels according to grid cell relaxation. It means that the testing could give different interpretations due to the condition of grid cell. Since the amount of relaxation is different under operating conditions and environments in a reactor, test specimens should be modified as much as possible to the real state of the fuel. Therefore, in order to consider the grid cell relaxation effects on the HFV tests, it is important to use cell sized or non-cell sized grids. The main focus of this study is to find out how the HFV characteristics such as amplitude and frequency are affected by grid cell relaxation. Three cases of the grid cell sized specimen which is nickel alloy were prepared and tested. Through the comparison of the test results, it could be concluded that HFV amplitudes show decreasing trend according to the grid cell relaxation in the case of nickel alloy grid. It is also possible to expect the tendency of grid cell relaxation of a zirconium alloy grid based on test results

  16. Piezoelectric Shaker Development for High Frequency Calibration of Accelerometers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calibration of vibration transducers requires sinusoidal motion over a wide frequency range with low distortion and low cross-axial motion. Piezoelectric shakers are well suited to generate such motion and are suitable for use with laser interferometric methods at frequencies of 3 kHz and above. An advantage of piezoelectric shakers is the higher achievable accelerations and displacement amplitudes as compared to electro-dynamic (ED) shakers. Typical commercial ED calibration shakers produce maximum accelerations from 100 m/s2 to 500 m/s2. Very large ED shakers may produce somewhat higher accelerations but require large amplifiers and expensive cooling systems to dissipate heat. Due to the limitations in maximum accelerations by ED shakers at frequencies above 5 kHz, the amplitudes of the generated sinusoidal displacement are frequently below the resolution of laser interferometers used in primary calibration methods. This limits the usefulness of ED shakers in interferometric based calibrations at higher frequencies.Small piezoelectric shakers provide much higher acceleration and displacement amplitudes for frequencies above 5 kHz, making these shakers very useful for accelerometer calibrations employing laser interferometric measurements, as will be shown in this paper. These piezoelectric shakers have been developed and used at NIST for many years for high frequency calibration of accelerometers. This paper documents the construction and performance of a new version of these shakers developed at NIST for the calibration of accelerometers over the range of 3 kHz to 30 kHz and possibly higher. Examples of typical calibration results are also given.

  17. Tsunami Arrival Detection with High Frequency (HF Radar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald Barrick

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Quantitative real-time observations of a tsunami have been limited to deep-water, pressure-sensor observations of changes in the sea surface elevation and observations of sea level fluctuations at the coast, which are essentially point measurements. Constrained by these data, models have been used for predictions and warning of the arrival of a tsunami, but to date no system exists for local detection of an actual incoming wave with a significant warning capability. Networks of coastal high frequency (HF-radars are now routinely observing surface currents in many countries. We report here on an empirical method for the detection of the initial arrival of a tsunami, and demonstrate its use with results from data measured by fourteen HF radar sites in Japan and USA following the magnitude 9.0 earthquake off Sendai, Japan, on 11 March 2011. The distance offshore at which the tsunami can be detected, and hence the warning time provided, depends on the bathymetry: the wider the shallow continental shelf, the greater this time. We compare arrival times at the radars with those measured by neighboring tide gauges. Arrival times measured by the radars preceded those at neighboring tide gauges by an average of 19 min (Japan and 15 min (USA The initial water-height increase due to the tsunami as measured by the tide gauges was moderate, ranging from 0.3 to 2 m. Thus it appears possible to detect even moderate tsunamis using this method. Larger tsunamis could obviously be detected further from the coast. We find that tsunami arrival within the radar coverage area can be announced 8 min (i.e., twice the radar spectral time resolution after its first appearance. This can provide advance warning of the tsunami approach to the coastline locations.

  18. High-frequency dielectric properties of nanocomposite and ceramic titanates

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rinkevich, A.B.; Kuznetsov, E. A.; Perov, D.V.; Bovtun, Viktor; Kempa, Martin; Nuzhnyy, Dmitry; Savinov, Maxim; Samoilovich, M.I.; Klescheva, S.M.; Ryabkov, Y.I.; Tsvetkova, E.V.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 3 (2015), s. 585-592. ISSN 1536-125X R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP204/12/0232 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : electromagnetic waveguide * opal matrix * transmission and reflection coefficients * microwave conductivity * dielectric spectra Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.825, year: 2014

  19. Ferrite Nanoparticles, Films, Single Crystals, and Metamaterials: High Frequency Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrite materials have long played an important role in power conditioning, conversion, and generation across a wide spectrum of frequencies (up to ten decades). They remain the preferred magnetic materials, having suitably low losses, for most applications above 1 MHz, and are the only viable materials for nonreciprocal magnetic microwave and millimeter-wave devices (including tunable filters, isolators, phase shifters, and circulators). Recently, novel processing techniques have led to a resurgence of research interest in the design and processing of ferrite materials as nanoparticles, films, single crystals, and metamaterials. These latest developments have set the stage for their use in emerging technologies that include cancer remediation therapies such as magnetohyperthermia, magnetic targeted drug delivery, and magneto-rheological fluids, as well as enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. With reduced dimensionality of nanoparticles and films, and the inherent nonequilibrium nature of many processing schemes, changes in local chemistry and structure have profound effects on the functional properties and performance of ferrites. In this lecture, we will explore these effects upon the fundamental magnetic and electronic properties of ferrites. Density functional theory will be applied to predict the properties of these ferrites, with synchrotron radiation techniques used to elucidate the chemical and structural short-range order. This approach will be extended to study the atomic design of ferrites by alternating target laser-ablation deposition. Recently, this approach has been shown to produce ferrites that offer attractive properties not found in conventionally grown ferrites. We will explore the latest research developments involving ferrites as related to microwave and millimeter-wave applications and the attempt to integrate these materials with semiconductor materials platforms

  20. High Frequency VLBI Studies of Sagittarius A* and NRAO 530

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ru-Sen

    2010-10-01

    Compact radio sources (Kellermann & Pauliny-Toth 1981) are widely accepted to be associated with supermassive black holes at the centers of active galaxies. Very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations at short millimeter wavelengths offer the unique advantage to look "deeper" into the central core regions. In this thesis we study two com pact radio sources (Sagittarius A* and NRAO 530) with high frequency VLBI techniques. As a starting point, we give in Chapter 1 a general introduction to observational properties of Active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and a theoretical basis. In Chapter 2, the compact radio source at the center of the Milky Way, Sagittarius A*, is reviewed. In Chapter 3, the technical basis of VLBI is outlined and then the difficulties of VLBI (and therefore the ways to improve) at short millimeter wavelengths are discussed. Due to its proximity, Sagittarius A* has the largest apparent event horizon of any black hole candidate and therefore it provides a unique opportunity for testing the SMBH paradigm. However, direct imaging of the nucleus is only accessible at short millimeter wavelengths due to the scatter broadening. In Chapter 4, we present results of an inter-day VLBI monitoring of Sagittarius A* at wavelengths of 13, 7, and 3 mm during a global observing campaign in 2007. We measure the flux density and source structure and study their variability on daily time scales. In addition to the VLBI monitoring of the Galactic Center, we present in Chapter 5 results of multi-epoch multi-frequency VLBI observations of the blazar nrao 530. NRAO 530 is an optically violent variable (OVV) source and was observed as a VLBI calibrator in our observations of Sagittarius A*. We investigate the spectral properties of jet components, their frequency-dependent position shifts, and variability of flux density and structure on daily time scales. Analysis of archival data over the last ten years allows us to study the detailed jet kinematics. Finally, a

  1. High-frequency toroidal sensor of superconducting quantum magnetometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The toroidal sensor consists of a superconducting induction loop electrically closed with a superconducting weak junction. The sensor features a cylindrical body. The body is integral and is made of superconducting material. It is provided with tow O-shape cavities in which cylindrical signal and exciting coils are installed. The precise cavity geometry and coil fitting is described on an example and shown in figures. The advantages of the configuration include suppression of spurious signals and improvement of the internal sensor shielding against external electromagnetic fields. The device is used for measuring low intensity magnetic fields, e.g., in the measurement of nuclear magnetic resonance, in particle detection, thermometry, geology, medicine, etc. (E.J.). 5 figs

  2. High-frequency heating of an inhomogeneous plasma. II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The heating of a plasma of large volume by electromagnetic waves with frequencies ω less than or approximately ω/sub Bi/ is studied. There is considered the heating of a plasma by fast magnetosonic waves with frequencies ω approximately ω/sub Bi/ and ω approximately 2ω/sub Bi/, by ion cyclotron waves by magnetohydrodynamic waves (ω much greater than ω/sub Bi/), and by magnetic pumping

  3. Injector for a high frequency wave generating tube of the central injection Gyrotron type

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This theoretical and at the same time experimental study was carried out at the 'Service Ionique Generale' in Grenoble. High frequency wave generators are already in use there, making it possible to approach the fusion conditions of light elements such as deuterium. The plasma confined by the toroidal magnetic field uses to heat itself the electromagnetic energy provided by sources from which a good performance is required. Klystron and Magnetron are devices in which the interaction between the electric and magnetic fields of a resonating cavity and the continuous energy of a beam produces a positive result. In the Klystron, the velocity modulation is axial whereas in the Magnetron it is azimuthal. Therefore packets of electrons are formed. If this modulation of the velocities occurs radially, the beam will swell and compress periodically. The name of 'Central Injection Gyrotron' has been associated recently in the literature to this type of interaction exhibiting a good performance. Placing on trajectory the electrons forming the beam is one of the difficulties of the good working of this ultra high frenquency tube. Since no device gives safisfaction at the present time, the devising of a new type of injector specially adapted to the forming of the beam is therefore justified. The originality is that it uses on the electrostatic gun side a cathode immersed in a magnetic field of which the axial component is in the opposite direction to that which maintains the formed beam injected in the cavity. The magnetic correction of the trajectories is the most practical with respect to the experiment, providing that the electrostatic gun does not disperse them individually. This leads to seeking an improvement in the geometry of the gun. However, it will be necessary to consider the problems of power limitation due to the space charge

  4. High frequency electromagnetic reflection loss performance of substituted Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles/SWCNTs/epoxy nanocomposite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, the electromagnetic properties of a novel nanocomposite material made of substituted Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles and different percentage of single walled carbon nanotube have been studied. The structural, magnetic and electromagnetic properties of samples were studied as a function of volume percentage of SWCNTs by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer and vector network analysis. Well suitable crystallinity of hexaferrite nanoparticles was confirmed by XRD patterns. TEM and FESEM micrographs were shown the good homogenity and high level of dispersivity of SWCNTs and Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles in nanocomposite samples. The VSM results shown that with increasing in amount of CNTs (0–6 vol%), the saturation of magnetization decreased up to 11 emu/g for nanocomposite sample contains of 6 vol% of SWCNTs. The vector network analysis results show that the maximum value of reflection loss was −36.4 dB at the frequency of 11 GHz with an absorption bandwidth of more than 4 GHz (<−20 dB). The results indicate that, this nanocomposite material with appropriate amount of SWCNTs hold great promise for microwave device applications. - Highlights: • We investigate the high frequency properties of Sr-hexaferrite/SWCNTs composite. • Saturation magnetization of nanocomposites is decreased with presence of SWCNTs. • The ferrite/CNTs nanocomposite sample covers whole X-band frequencies (8–12 GHz). • The ferrite/CNTs nanocomposite can be used as a potential magnetic loss material. • Nanocomposite contain 4 vol% of CNTs have shown greater than 99% of reflection loss

  5. High frequency electromagnetic reflection loss performance of substituted Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles/SWCNTs/epoxy nanocomposite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gordani, Gholam Reza, E-mail: gordani@gmail.com [Materials Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Shahin Shahr (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghasemi, Ali [Materials Engineering Department, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Shahin Shahr (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saidi, Ali [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-10-01

    In this study, the electromagnetic properties of a novel nanocomposite material made of substituted Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles and different percentage of single walled carbon nanotube have been studied. The structural, magnetic and electromagnetic properties of samples were studied as a function of volume percentage of SWCNTs by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer and vector network analysis. Well suitable crystallinity of hexaferrite nanoparticles was confirmed by XRD patterns. TEM and FESEM micrographs were shown the good homogenity and high level of dispersivity of SWCNTs and Sr-hexaferrite nanoparticles in nanocomposite samples. The VSM results shown that with increasing in amount of CNTs (0–6 vol%), the saturation of magnetization decreased up to 11 emu/g for nanocomposite sample contains of 6 vol% of SWCNTs. The vector network analysis results show that the maximum value of reflection loss was −36.4 dB at the frequency of 11 GHz with an absorption bandwidth of more than 4 GHz (<−20 dB). The results indicate that, this nanocomposite material with appropriate amount of SWCNTs hold great promise for microwave device applications. - Highlights: • We investigate the high frequency properties of Sr-hexaferrite/SWCNTs composite. • Saturation magnetization of nanocomposites is decreased with presence of SWCNTs. • The ferrite/CNTs nanocomposite sample covers whole X-band frequencies (8–12 GHz). • The ferrite/CNTs nanocomposite can be used as a potential magnetic loss material. • Nanocomposite contain 4 vol% of CNTs have shown greater than 99% of reflection loss.

  6. Artificial ionospheric layers driven by high-frequency radiowaves: An assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishin, Evgeny; Watkins, Brenton; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Eliasson, Bengt; Pedersen, Todd; Grach, Savely

    2016-04-01

    High-power ordinary mode radio waves produce artificial ionization in the F region ionosphere at the European Incoherent Scatter (Tromsø, Norway) and High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (Gakona, Alaska, USA) facilities. We have summarized the features of the excited plasma turbulence and descending layers of freshly ionized ("artificial") plasma. The concept of an ionizing wavefront created by accelerated suprathermal electrons appears to be in accordance with the data. The strong Langmuir turbulence (SLT) regime is revealed by the specific spectral features of incoherent radar backscatter and stimulated electromagnetic emissions. Theory predicts that the SLT acceleration is facilitated in the presence of photoelectrons. This agrees with the intensified artificial plasma production and the greater speeds of descent but weaker incoherent radar backscatter in the sunlit ionosphere. Numerical investigation of propagation of O-mode waves and the development of SLT and descending layers have been performed. The greater extent of the SLT region at the magnetic zenith than that at vertical appears to make magnetic zenith injections more efficient for electron acceleration and descending layers. At high powers, anomalous absorption is suppressed, leading to the Langmuir and upper hybrid processes during the whole heater on period. The data suggest that parametric upper hybrid interactions mitigate anomalous absorption at heating frequencies far from electron gyroharmonics and also generate SLT in the upper hybrid layer. The persistence of artificial plasma at the terminal altitude depends on how close the heating frequency is to the local gyroharmonic.

  7. Excitation and Ionisation dynamics in high-frequency plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, D.

    2008-07-01

    excitation and sustainment of the discharge. As the pressure decreases the discharge operates in so-called 'alpha-mode' where the sheath expansion is responsible for discharge sustainment. Decreasing the pressure towards the limit of operation (below 1 Pa) the discharge operates in a regime where kinetic effects dominate plasma sustainment. Wave particle interactions resulting from the flux of highly energetic electrons interacting with thermal bulk electrons give rise to a series of oscillations in the electron excitation phase space at the sheath edge. This instability is responsible for a significant energy deposit in the plasma when so-called 'ohmic heating' is no longer efficient. In addition to this an interesting electron acceleration mechanism occurs during the sheath collapse. The large sheath width, due to low plasma densities at the lower pressure, and electron inertia allows the build up of a local electric field accelerating electrons towards the electrode. Multi-frequency plasmas, provide additional process control for technological applications, and through investigating the excitation dynamics in such discharges the limitations of functional separation is observed. Non-linear frequency coupling is observed in plasma boundary sheaths governed by two frequencies simultaneously. In an alpha-operated discharge the sheath edge velocity governs the excitation and ionisation within the plasma, and it will be shown that this is determined by the time varying sheath width. The nature of the coupling effects strongly depends on the ratio of the applied voltages. Under technologically relevant conditions (low frequency voltage >> high frequency voltage) interesting phenomena depending on the phase relation of the voltages are also observed and will be discussed.

  8. Study of dissipation in superconductors at high frequency regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is devoted to the study of the Joule effect dissipation occurring in superconducting accelerating cavities. Two mechanisms of dissipation are presented: the first concerns the magnetic flux present around the cryostat and trapped by the (Niobium) superconducting cavity during a temperature descent; a theoretical and experimental study allow the evaluation of the percentage of flux which rests trapped and its contribution to the dissipation. Improving the magnetic shielding leads to a remnant field of the order of several milli-Gauss and the surface resistance drops from 25 nΩ to 4.2 nΩ (with a few other modifications). The second mechanism is related to the polycrystalline structure of the superconductor. A theoretical study evaluates this contribution to about 3 nΩ. A complex process of recrystallization is needed in order to overcome this effect. Using an electron beam at low energy might help in reaching this goal and thus observing surface resistance values smaller than ever obtained. (author)

  9. Design of High Frequency Power Oscillator Board Based on Rotary Encoder Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Shifen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and stable high frequency pulse power supply is studied to improve high-speed wedm machine tool's efficiency. Regarding to the shortcomings of traditional digital circuit high frequency oscillator board, we design a high frequency power oscillator board based on rotary encoder control, control accuracy and high-frequency waveform by programming, adjusting the frequency and display. It has six brakes of processing function, it also includes feedback function of emulsification oil. The high frequency will be shutdown and the emulsification oil will be changed if there is too much metal dust in emulsification. It has been proved by practice that high-frequency circuit board is simple and reliable and can greatly increase efficiency of wire cutting.

  10. High Frequency FMR spectroscopy of Thin MnAs Epilayers grown on (111) and (100) GaAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cubukcu, M.; von Bardeleben, H. J.; Cantin, J. L.; Wilson, M. J.; Rench, D.; Schiffer, P.; Samarth, N.

    2010-03-01

    The magnetic anisotropies of thin ferromagnetic epilayers can be conveniently studied by ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy [1] with 9 or 35 GHz spectrometers. The case of α-MnAs -- a metallic ferromagnet of interest for hybrid semiconductor spintronics -- presents technical challenges because the large structure-related anisotropy field limits such measurements to close to easy axis orientation. We have overcome this difficulty by applying high frequency FMR at 115 GHz with magnetic fields up to 11 T. This allows us to map out complete angular variation patterns and to thus deduce the corresponding anisotropy constants. We report on a systematic investigation of the influence of epilayer thickness and temperature on the magnetic anisotropy.[4pt] [1] Kh.Khazen et al, Phys.Rev.B bf 77, 165204 (2008).

  11. 3D High Frequency Modelling of Motor Converter and Cables in Propulsion Systems

    OpenAIRE

    STEPHANE YANNICK, NJIOMOUO

    2014-01-01

    The use of the power converters in railway traction systems introduces high frequency electromagnetic interference (EMI) in the propulsion system, which causes electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) problems. These high frequency phenomena come from fast variations of current and voltage during the switching operations in the power converter. The high frequency currents generate Electromagnetic (EM) disturbances that could distort the smooth functionality of the electrical drive system. In fact,...

  12. Conduction Block of Peripheral Nerve Using High Frequency Alternating Currents Delivered through an Intrafascicular Electrode

    OpenAIRE

    Ackermann, D. Michael; Foldes, Emily L.; Bhadra, Niloy; Kilgore, Kevin L.

    2010-01-01

    Many diseases are characterized by undesired or pathological neural activity. The local delivery of high frequency currents has been shown to be an effective method for blocking neural conduction in peripheral nerves and may provide a therapy for these conditions. To date, all studies of high frequency conduction block have utilized extraneural (cuff) electrodes to achieve conduction block. In this study we show that high frequency conduction block is feasible using intrafascicular electrodes.

  13. Analysis of Energy Overshoot of High Frequency Waves with Wavelet Transform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Fan

    2000-01-01

    A study is made on the overshoot phenomena in wind-generated waves. The surface displace ments of time-growing waves are measured at four fetches in a wind wave channel. The evolution of high frequency waves is displayed with wavelet transform. The results are compared with Sutherland's. It is found that high frequency wave components experience much stronger energy overshoot in the evolution.The energy of high frequency waves decreases greatly after overshoot

  14. Effect of High-frequency Laser Radiation on the Graphene Current-voltage Characteristic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Kryuchkov

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The effective spectrum of electron states of graphene taking into account the action of high-frequency laser radiation with elliptical polarization was calculated. Band gap was shown to arise in the graphene spectrum in conditions of high-frequency electromagnetic wave. The current-voltage characteristic of the graphene exposed to such radiation was studied. Effect of high-frequency electric field on the electron magnetotransport in graphene was discussed.

  15. High-frequency loading positively impacts titanium implant osseointegration in impaired bone

    OpenAIRE

    Chatterjee, Marissa; Hatori, Kohki; Duyck, Joke; Sasaki, Keichi; Naert, Ignace; Vandamme, Katleen

    2015-01-01

    Summary High-frequency loading via whole body vibration promotes bone formation and increases bone strength. Whether this translates to positive titanium implant osseointegration in osteoporotic bone was explored in this animal study. An anabolic effect of not only bisphosphonate treatment but also high-frequency loading on implant osseointegration in osteoporotic bone was observed. Introduction The present study investigated the impact of high-frequency (HF) loading, applied via who...

  16. Study and realisation of a high frequency analyzer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This device is designed for the amplitude and frequency analysis of electric or electromagnetic signals in the frequency range of 0 to 55 MHz. The frequency spectrum of a preset bandwidth is displayed on the screen of an oscilloscope. Conceived to analyse the electromagnetic oscillations that can be generated in a plasma, its main characteristics are the following: extended bandwidth of analysed frequencies, on both sides of the ion cyclotron frequency in a magnetic field up to 20 kGs; linear amplitude and frequency response; possibility of analysing a narrow band; high sensitivity; analysis repetition rate of 25 per second. The different parts of the analyzer are described after a discussion of the choice of the techniques used in their design. In addition to its present use, the device can be applied to perform all the functions of a commercial spectral analyzer. (author)

  17. Temporal evolution of pump beam self-focusing at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program

    OpenAIRE

    Kosch, Mike J.; Pedersen, T.; Mishin, E.; Starks, M; Gerken-Kendall, E.; D. Sentman; Oyama, S.; Watkins, B.

    2007-01-01

    On 4 February 2005 the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility was operated at 2.85 MHz to produce artificial optical emissions in the ionosphere while passing through the second electron gyroharmonic. All-sky optical recordings were performed with 15 s integration, alternating between 557.7 and 630 nm. We report the first optical observations showing the temporal evolution of large-scale pump wave self-focusing in the magnetic zenith, observed in the 557.7 nm images. ...

  18. 高频重复经颅磁刺激治疗精神分裂症难治性阴性症状的随机双盲对照试验%Effects of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on refractory negative symptom of schizophrenia: A double blind, randomized controlled trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳萍; 周东丰; 蔡焯基; 黄青; 卢芩; 陈琦

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨双背侧前额叶高频重复经颅磁刺激(repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation,rTMS)治疗精神分裂症难治性阴性症状的疗效和安全性,并观察不良反应.方法:本研究为双盲随机对照临床试验.研究对象来源于2002年11月1日至2003年12月31日期间就诊于北京大学第六医院和北京安定医院的门诊和住院患者,符合美国精神疾病诊断与统计手册第4版(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders,Fourth Edition,DSM.IV)中精神分裂症诊断标准.23例以难治性阴性症状为主的精神分裂症患者随机分为rTMS治疗组(n=12)和对照组(n=11),分别给予10次20Hz rTMS真刺激和伪刺激治疗,治疗期间维持原有抗精神病药种类及剂量不变.采用阳性和阴性症状量表(Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale,PANSS)评估临床症状,采用治疗中需处理的不良反应症状量表(Treatment Emergent Symptom scale,TESS)及其他检查评估不良反应.结果:23例患者均完成治疗.治疗组有效率高于对照组(34%vs.17%,P<0.05).未观察到明显不良反应.结论:抗精神病药合并20 Hz双背侧前额叶重复经颅磁刺激治疗精神分裂症难治性阴性症状有效、安全.%Objective: To examine the therapeutic effects of dual dorsolateral prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation ( rTMS ) on refractory negative symptom experienced by patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A double-blind, randomized controlled study was conducted. Totally 23 schizophrenic patients met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia were recruited. Subjects were grouped into active treatment subgroup and sham subgroup randomly. Clinical symptom was measured with the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) . Side effects were valuated with the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS). Results: Totally 23 subjects completed the trial. The treatment efficiency of

  19. High permeability-high frequency stable MnZn ferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalarus, J. [Ferroxcube Polska, 96-100 Skierniewice (Poland); Kogias, G., E-mail: kogias@cperi.certh.gr [Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas, Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Laboratory of Inorganic Materials, 57001 Thessaloniki (Greece); Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Materials Technology, 54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Holz, D. [Ferroxcube Polska, 96-100 Skierniewice (Poland); Zaspalis, V.T. [Centre for Research and Technology-Hellas, Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Laboratory of Inorganic Materials, 57001 Thessaloniki (Greece); Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Materials Technology, 54124 Thessaloniki (Greece)

    2012-09-15

    Modern MnZn ferrite applications require high magnetic initial permeability and exceptional frequency stability; the former implies large grains, while the latter high grain boundary resistivity. In this article the optimization of the final firing process is described for achieving both. The optimization is based on the homogeneous dissolution of dopants under oxidative conditions and their subsequent precipitation along grain boundaries. This was accomplished by integrating isothermal plateaus at the upper stadia of the cooling stage of the final firing process. MnZn ferrites of the basic composition [Mn{sub 0.47}Zn{sub 0.47}Fe{sub 0.06}{sup 2+}]Fe{sub 2}{sup 3+}O{sub 4} were synthesized with initial permeability (measured at f=10 kHz, B<0.1 mT, T=25 Degree-Sign C) 12,600 and losses, expressed as tan({delta})/{mu}{sub i}, of 3.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} at 10 kHz and 20.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} at 100 kHz (B<0.1 mT, T=25 Degree-Sign C), that reflect good frequency stability. These results could be reproduced in pilot production scale. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optimization of sintering is described for achieving high initial permeability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optimization of sintering is described for receiving frequency stability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For high permeability, high densities and large grain sizes are required. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The achieved initial permeability is higher than 12,500. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The losses, tan({delta})/{mu}{sub i}, are 3.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} at 10 kHz and 20.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -6} at 100 kHz.

  20. Analysis of high-frequency deflectors based on the traveling and standing waves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main definitions of the electrodynamic characteristics of high-frequency deflecting structures used to manipulate the position of particles of an accelerated beam in six-dimensional phase space have been presented. Techniques for the design and adjustment of high-frequency deflectors based on the standing (resonance) and traveling waves using modern three-dimensional numerical simulation codes have been described

  1. A New High Frequency Injection Method Based on Duty Cycle Shifting without Maximum Voltage Magnitude Loss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Dong; Lu, Kaiyuan; Rasmussen, Peter Omand

    injection method, in which high frequency signal is generated by shifting the duty cycle between two neighboring switching periods, is proposed. This method allows injecting a high frequency signal at half of the switching frequency without the necessity to sacrifice the machine fundamental voltage...

  2. High frequency electromagnetic processes in induction motors supplied from PWM inverters

    OpenAIRE

    Ioan Ţilea

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents the electromagnetic interference between induction motors and inverters when at high frequency electromagnetic process appears in induction motors having a parallel resonant effect because of parasitic capacitive coupling between windings and ground, using a numerical model in simulink and a high frequency induction motor equivalent circuit model this effect is shown.

  3. High frequency electromagnetic processes in induction motors supplied from PWM inverters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Ţilea

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the electromagnetic interference between induction motors and inverters when at high frequency electromagnetic process appears in induction motors having a parallel resonant effect because of parasitic capacitive coupling between windings and ground, using a numerical model in simulink and a high frequency induction motor equivalent circuit model this effect is shown.

  4. Financial correlations at ultra-high frequency: theoretical models and empirical estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Iacopo Mastromatteo; Matteo Marsili; Patrick Zoi

    2010-01-01

    A detailed analysis of correlation between stock returns at high frequency is compared with simple models of random walks. We focus in particular on the dependence of correlations on time scales - the so-called Epps effect. This provides a characterization of stochastic models of stock price returns which is appropriate at very high frequency.

  5. Does Phonology Play a Role When Skilled Readers Read High-Frequency Words? Evidence from ERPs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Randy Lynn; Jared, Debra; Haigh, Corinne A.

    2012-01-01

    We used event-related brain potentials to clarify the role of phonology in activating the meanings of high-frequency words during skilled silent reading. Target homophones ("meet") in sentences such as "The students arranged to meet in the library to study" were replaced on some trials by either a high-frequency homophone mate ("meat") or a…

  6. A Cold Adhesion for Self-fused Alloy Coat by High Frequency Induction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGZeng-zhi; AIBo

    2004-01-01

    In this study, a method to prepare self-fused alloy coat, which started with a cold adhesion precoating and then induction fusing plus, is presented. It also intended to analyze the mechanism, microstnlcture and anitwear ability of the coat. The workpiece was precoated with Ni60 powder through an adhesion agent. The oven-dried precoat was then heated by a high frequency induction generated by 100kw power with a frequency of 250kHz. The technological parameters of the method were determined through analysis of tbe thermal magnetism, thermal resislivity, and anti-induction mechanism. By comparing the microsLrUclures and properties of the coat produced by cold adhesion, thermal spraying and laser refusing, it is concluded that: (1) One side of the workpiece should be preheated to 200℃ before induction fusion, and the range of induction frequency should be 200-250kHz. (2) The microstructure of the coat by cold adhesion is superior to that by themal spraying, but the particle size range should be 0.047-0.044mm (200-320 meshes) (3) The corrosion resistance of Ni60 coat by cold adhesion is better than that by thermal spraying, and the cold adhesion is the best method to prepare the antiwear coat.

  7. A Cold Adhesion for Self-fused Alloy Coat by High Frequency Induction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zeng-zhi; AI Bo

    2004-01-01

    In this study, a method to prepare self-fused alloy coat, which started with a cold adhesion precoating and then induction fusing plus, is presented. It also intended to analyze the mechanism, microstructure and anitwear ability of the coat. The workpiece was precoated with Ni60 powder through an adhesion agent. The oven-dried precoat was then heated by a high frequency induction generated by 100kw power with a frequency of 250kHz. The technological parameters of the method were determined through analysis of the thermal magnetism, thermal resistivity and anti-induction mechanism. By comparing the microstrucrures and properties of the coat produced by cold adhesion, thermal spraying and laser refusing, it is concluded that: (1) One side of the workpiece should be preheated to 200℃ before induction fusion, and the range of induction frequency should be 200~250kHz. (2) The microstrucrure of the coat by cold adhesion is superior to that by thermal spraying, but the particle size range should be 0.047~0.044mm (200~320 meshes) (3) The corrosion resistance of Ni60 coat by cold adhesion is better than that by thermal spraying, and the cold adhesion is the best method to prepare the antiwear coat.

  8. Behavioral in-effectiveness of high frequency electromagnetic field in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salunke, Balwant P; Umathe, Sudhir N; Chavan, Jagatpalsingh G

    2015-03-01

    The present investigation was carried out with an objective to study the influence of high frequency electromagnetic field (HF-EMF) on anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression-like behavior. For exposure to HF-EMF, non-magnetic material was used to fabricate the housing. Mice were exposed to HF-EMF (2.45GHz), 60min/day for 7 or 30 or 60 or 90 or 120days. The exposure was carried out by switching-on inbuilt class-I BLUETOOTH device that operates on 2.45GHz frequency in file transfer mode at a peak density of 100mW. Mice were subjected to the assessment of anxiety, OCD and depression-like behavior for 7 or 30 or 60 or 90 or 120days of exposure. The anxiety-like behavior was assessed by elevated plus maze, open field test and social interaction test. OCD-like behavior was assessed by marble burying behavior, whereas depression-like behavior was assessed by forced swim test and tail suspension test. The present experiment demonstrates that up to 120days of exposure to HF-EMF does not produce anxiety, OCD and depression-like behavior in mice. PMID:25496977

  9. High-Frequency QPOs and Overstable Oscillations of Black-Hole Accretion Disks

    CERN Document Server

    Lai, Dong; Tsang, David; Horak, Jiri; Yu, Cong

    2012-01-01

    The physical origin of high-frequency QPOs (HFQPOs) in black-hole X-ray binaries remains an enigma despite many years of detailed observational studies. Although there exists a number of models for HFQPOs, many of these are simply "notions" or "concepts" without actual calculation derived from fluid or disk physics. Future progress requires a combination of numerical simulations and semi-analytic studies to extract physical insights. We review recent works on global oscillation modes in black-hole accretion disks, and explain how, with the help of general relativistic effects, the energy stored in the disk differential rotation can be pumped into global spiral density modes in the disk, making these modes grow to large amplitudes under certain conditions ("corotational instability"). These modes are robust in the presence of disk magnetic fields and turbulence. The computed oscillation mode frequencies are largely consistent with the observed values for HFQPOs in BH X-ray binaries. The approximate 2:3 frequen...

  10. Enhancement of motor coordination by applying high frequency repetitive TMS on the sensory cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Eun-Hi; Yoo, Woo-Kyoung; Ohn, Suk Hoon; Ahn, SeungHo; Kim, Han Jun; Jung, Kwang-Ik

    2016-06-01

    The sensory function plays an important role for successful motor performance. We investigated the modulating effects of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on sensory discrimination and motor coordination. Twenty healthy participants were assigned into two random groups; the real- and sham-rTMS group. Total of 900 rTMS pulses at a frequency of 10Hz (stimulus intensity of 90% RMT) were given over deltoid representational areas of the somatosensory cortex. Sensory discrimination ability was evaluated using two-point discrimination test. Motor coordination was measured by the latency difference between the synchronized contraction of deltoid and abductor pollicis brevis muscles before and after rTMS. The sensory discrimination was significantly increased only in the deltoid area and the difference in the latency of synchronized contraction of two muscles was significantly shortened after real-rTMS compared sham condition, which had tendency of negative correlation following real-rTMS condition. The results of this study demonstrated rTMS-induced enhancement of sensorimotor integration, which may contribute to develop effective therapeutic strategies for rehabilitation of various sensorimotor disorders in the clinical setting. PMID:26978587

  11. Experimental investigations of the formation of a plasma mirror for high-frequency microwave beam steering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has been studying the use of a magnetically confined plasma sheet as a reflector for high-frequency (X-band) microwaves for broadband radar applications [IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-19, 1228 (1991)]. A planar sheet plasma (50 cmx60 cmx1 cm) is produced using a 2--10 kV fast rise time square wave voltage source and a linear hollow cathode. Reproducible plasma distributions with density ≥1.2x1012 cm-3 have been formed in a low-pressure (100--500 mTorr of air) chamber located inside of a 100--300 G uniform magnetic field. One to ten pulse bursts of 20--1000 μs duration plasma sheets have been produced with pulse repetition frequencies of up to 10 kHz. Turn on and off times of the plasma are less than 10 μs each. The far-field antenna pattern of microwaves reflected off the plasma sheet is similar to that from a metal plate at the same location [IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci PS-20, 1036 (1992)]. Interferometer measurements show the critical surface to remain nearly stationary during the current pulse. Plasma density measurements and optical emissions indicate that the plasma is produced by a flux of energetic electrons formed near the hollow cathode. The sheet appears to be stable to driver voltage and current fluctuations (NRL Memorandum Report No. 7461, 28 March 1994, NTIS Document No. AD-A278758). copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics

  12. A high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometer for multi-dimensional, -frequency and -phase pulsed measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Cho, Franklin H; Takahashi, Susumu

    2014-01-01

    We describe instrumentation for a high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR) spectroscopy. The instrumentation is operated in the frequency range of 107$-$120 GHz and 215$-$240 GHz and in the magnetic field range of 0$-$12.1 Tesla. The spectrometer consisting of a high-frequency high-power solid-state source, a quasioptical system, a phase-sensitive detection system, a cryogenic-free superconducting magnet and a $^4$He cryostat enables multi-frequency continuous-wave EPR spectroscopy as well as pulsed EPR measurements with a few hundred nanosecond pulses. Here we discuss the details of the design and the pulsed EPR sensitivity of the instrumentation. We also present performance of the instrumentation in unique experiments including PELDOR spectroscopy to probe correlations in an insulating electronic spin system and application of dynamical decoupling techniques to extend spin coherence of electron spins in an insulating solid-state system.

  13. Development of Numerical Codes for Modeling Electromagnetic Behavior at High Frequencies Near Large Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, R. P.; Deshpande, M. D. (Technical Monitor)

    2003-01-01

    A study into the problem of determining electromagnetic solutions at high frequencies for problems involving complex geometries, large sizes and multiple sources (e.g. antennas) has been initiated. Typical applications include the behavior of antennas (and radiators) installed on complex conducting structures (e.g. ships, aircrafts, etc..) with strong interactions between antennas, the radiation patterns, and electromagnetic signals is of great interest for electromagnetic compatibility control. This includes the overall performance evaluation and control of all on-board radiating systems, electromagnetic interference, and personnel radiation hazards. Electromagnetic computational capability exists at NASA LaRC, and many of the codes developed are based on the Moment Method (MM). However, the MM is computationally intensive, and this places a limit on the size of objects and structures that can be modeled. Here, two approaches are proposed: (i) a current-based hybrid scheme that combines the MM with Physical optics, and (ii) an Alternating Direction Implicit-Finite Difference Time Domain (ADI-FDTD) method. The essence of a hybrid technique is to split the overall scattering surface(s) into two regions: (a) a MM zone (MMZ) which can be used over any part of the given geometry, but is most essential over irregular and "non-smooth" geometries, and (b) a PO sub-region (POSR). Currents induced on the scattering and reflecting surfaces can then be computed in two ways depending on whether the region belonged to the MMZ or was part of the POSR. For the MMZ, the current calculations proceed in terms of basis functions with undetermined coefficients (as in the usual MM method), and the answer obtained by solving a system of linear equations. Over the POSR, conduction is obtained as a superposition of two contributions: (i) currents due to the incident magnetic field, and (ii) currents produced by the mutual induction from conduction within the MMZ. This effectively leads to

  14. High-Frequency Resonant Matrix Converter using IGBT-Based Bidirectional Switches for Induction Heating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jami Rajesh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a novel type soft switching utility frequency AC- high frequency AC converter using asymmetrical PWM bidirectional active switches which can be defined as high frequency resonant matrix converter.This power frequency changer can directly convert utility frequency AC power to high frequency AC power ranging more than 20kHz up to 100kHz. Only one active edge resonant capacitor-assisted soft switching high frequency load resonant cyclo-converter is based on asymmetrical duty cycle PWM strategy. This high frequency cyclo-converter uses bidirectional IGBTs composed of anti-parallel one-chip reverse blocking IGBTs. This high frequency cycloconverter has some remarkable features as electrolytic capacitorless DC busline link, unity power factor correction and sinewave line current shaping, simple configuration with minimum circuit components and low cost, high efficiency and downsizing. This series load resonant cycloconverter incorporating bidirectional active power switches is developed and implemented for high efficiency consumer induction heated food cooking appliances. Its operating principle is described by using equivalent circuits. Its operating performances as soft switching operating ranges and high frequency effective power regulation characteristics are discussed on the basis of simulation and experimental results.

  15. Complete WKB asymptotics of high frequency vibrations in a stiff problem

    CERN Document Server

    Babych, N

    2008-01-01

    Asymptotic behaviour of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of a stiff problem is described in the case of the fourth-order ordinary differential operator. Considering the stiffness coefficient that depends on a small parameter epsilon and vanishes as epsilon tends to zero on a subinterval, we prove the existence of low and high frequency resonance vibrations. The low frequency vibrations admit the power series expansions on epsilon but this method is not applicable to the description of high frequency vibrations. However, the nonclassical asymptotics on epsilon of the high frequency vibrations were constructed using the WKB method.

  16. High Frequency Trading, the SEC, and the Legacy of the Flash Crash

    OpenAIRE

    Monson, Shea Thomas

    2013-01-01

    High-frequency trading (HFT) is a significant evolution in financial markets which, combined with the Flash Crash of May 6th 2010, has been the impetus for many calls for regulation in the United States. This paper addresses the question regulation in two ways. First, is a review of the literature on the effects of high-frequency trading on the equities markets. The conclusion drawn from this review is that high-frequency trading generally improves quality (HFT passivity) but carries the p...

  17. The Role of High Frequency Trading in Market Volatility and Flash Crashes

    OpenAIRE

    Ngosa, Abigail

    2015-01-01

    High Frequency Trading is a phenomenon that is yet to be completely understood. This research attempts to find the relationship if any between high frequency trading and volatility as well as the relationship between volatility and flash crashes. A lot of empirical evidence has been carried out on high frequency trading since the infamous Flash Crash of May 6th 2010 with an array of conflicting results. Despite this, the question as to how HFT affects volatility and flash crashes is yet to be...

  18. Econometric analysis of realized covariation: high frequency based covariance, regression, and correlation in financial economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Shephard, N.

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyses multivariate high frequency financial data using realized covariation. We provide a new asymptotic distribution theory for standard methods such as regression, correlation analysis, and covariance. It will be based on a fixed interval of time (e.g., a day or week), allowing the...... number of high frequency returns during this period to go to infinity. Our analysis allows us to study how high frequency correlations, regressions, and covariances change through time. In particular we provide confidence intervals for each of these quantities....

  19. Unprecedentedly Strong and Narrow Electromagnetic Emissions Stimulated by High-Frequency Radio Waves in the Ionosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA

  20. A novel variable polarity welding power based on high-frequency pulse modulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Ling; Yang Chunli; Fan Chenglei; Lin Sanbao; Wu Yun

    2006-01-01

    A new type of variable polarity welding power modulated with high-frequency pulse current is developed.Series of high-frequency pulse current is superimposed on direct-current-electrode-negative (DCEN), which can improve the crystallization process in the weld bead as a result of the electromagnetic force generated by pulse current.Digital signal processor (DSP) is used to realize the closed-loop control of the first inverter, variable polarity output of the second inverter and high-frequency pulse current superposition.

  1. Industrial mastering the use of tube fining by high-frequency welding for gasproof boilers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of introduction of 20 and 12Kh1MF steel tube fining by high-frequency welding are presented. Heat treatment effect on properties of joints is studied, mechanical tests, metallographical and electron-microscopic investigations are carried out. It is shown that weld method of fins to tubes with the help of high-frequency currents is characterized by universality that permits to produce fined tubes of practically any diameter with fins of any width, control of smooth tubes before the fins welding to them being provided. Studies of properties of fined tubes has shown high quality of welded joints carried out by high-frequency current heating

  2. Unprecedentedly strong and narrow electromagnetic emissions stimulated by high-frequency radio waves in the ionosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norin, L; Leyser, T B; Nordblad, E; Thidé, B; McCarrick, M

    2009-02-13

    Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA. PMID:19257596

  3. High-frequency brain activity and muscle artifacts in MEG/EEG: a review and recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Suresh Muthukumaraswamy

    2013-01-01

    In recent years high-frequency brain activity in the gamma-frequency band (30–80 Hz) and above has become the focus of a growing body of work in MEG/EEG research. Unfortunately, high-frequency neural activity overlaps entirely with the spectral bandwidth of muscle activity (~20–300 Hz). It is becoming appreciated that artifacts of muscle activity may contaminate a number of non-invasive reports of high-frequency activity. In this review, the spectral, spatial, and temporal characteristics of ...

  4. High-Frequency EMI Noise Suppression by Polymer-Based Composite Magnetic Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rastislav Dosoudil

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The complex permeability and EM-wave absorption properties of hybrid polymer-based composite magneticmaterials (with MnZn and LiZn ferrite fillers and PVC matrix prepared with constant total filler content (65 vol% andparticle size (0-250 mm have been investigated in the 1-1000 MHz frequency range. Within this filler concentrationthe permeability of composites changed continuously with the change of ferrite filler content ratio between two types offerrite fillers. The observed relaxation type of permeability dispersion was due to the domain wall and natural ferromagneticresonance phenomena and was also attributed to the high damping of spin motion. Measured values of permeability wereused to determine the EM-wave absorption properties (return loss RL, matching frequency fm, matching thickness dm andbandwidth Df for RL £ -20 dB. The calculation of these properties was based on a model of single-layered absorber backedby a perfect conductor using transmission-line and EM-field theory. The composite with the volume fraction ratio of hybridMnZn:LiZn ferrite filler set to 0.5:0.5 has shown a return loss of -57 dB (> 99 % power absorption at fm = 714 MHz with the-20 dB bandwidth of Df = 232 MHz for an absorber thickness of 7.79 mm.

  5. Low-Profile Magnetic Integration for High-Frequency Point-of-Load Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Qiang

    2011-01-01

    Today, every microprocessor is powered with a Voltage Regulator (VR), which is also known as a high current Point-of-Load converter (POL). These circuits are mostly constructed using discrete components, and populated on the motherboard. With this solution, the passive components such as inductors and capacitors are bulky. They occupy a considerable footprint on the motherboard. The problem is exacerbated with the current trend of reducing the size of all forms of portable computing equipment...

  6. Measurement of the high-frequency complex permittivity and conductivity of magnetic fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fannin, P. C.; Charles, S. W.; Vincent, D.; Giannitsis, A. T.

    2002-11-01

    Measurements of the permittivity, ɛ( ω)= ɛ'( ω)-i ɛ″( ω), and conductivity, σ( ω)= ωɛ0ɛ″( ω), of two ferrofluid samples of ferrite particles in a hydrocarbon carrier, isopar M, over the frequency range 0.1-6 GHz are presented. It is shown that the sample with the highest concentration of particles has the highest permittivity and by means of profile fitting it is demonstrated, for the first time, that σ( ω) has a Debye-type profile. The frequency limitation of the used measurement technique is highlighted and a possible alternative technique capable of measuring in the 20-30 GHz region is presented.

  7. Real-time, high frequency QRS electrocardiograph with reduced amplitude zone detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegel, Todd T. (Inventor); DePalma, Jude L. (Inventor); Moradi, Saeed (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    Real time cardiac electrical data are received from a patient, manipulated to determine various useful aspects of the ECG signal, and displayed in real time in a useful form on a computer screen or monitor. The monitor displays the high frequency data from the QRS complex in units of microvolts, juxtaposed with a display of conventional ECG data in units of millivolts or microvolts. The high frequency data are analyzed for their root mean square (RMS) voltage values and the discrete RMS values and related parameters are displayed in real time. The high frequency data from the QRS complex are analyzed with imbedded algorithms to determine the presence or absence of reduced amplitude zones, referred to herein as ''RAZs''. RAZs are displayed as ''go, no-go'' signals on the computer monitor. The RMS and related values of the high frequency components are displayed as time varying signals, and the presence or absence of RAZs may be similarly displayed over time.

  8. Stability Analysis of an Inverted Pendulum Subjected to Combined High Frequency Harmonics and Stochastic Excitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stability of vertical upright position of an inverted pendulum with its suspension point subjected to high frequency harmonics and stochastic excitations is investigated. Two classes of excitations, i.e., combined high frequency harmonic excitation and Gaussian white noise excitation, and high frequency bounded noise excitation, respectively, are considered. Firstly, the terms of high frequency harmonic excitations in the equation of motion of the system can be set equivalent to nonlinear stiffness terms by using the method of direct separation of motions. Then the stochastic averaging method of energy envelope is used to derive the averaged Itô stochastic differential equation for system energy. Finally, the stability with probability 1 of the system is studied by using the largest Lyapunov exponent obtained from the averaged Itô stochastic differential equation. The effects of system parameters on the stability of the system are discussed, and some examples are given to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed procedure. (general)

  9. Negative conductance of a plasma discharged with two kinds of superposed high frequency powers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    If the critical voltage Vc for the arc discharge lowers by the superposition of two high-frequency powers with different frequencies as compared with the case of the single power, this should be advantageous in obtaining a high-frequency discharge with high ionization. By superposing a 1 MHz on a 13.5 MHz high-frequency power, the critical voltage Vc could be lowered considerably at the gas pressures up to 0.1 torr. The arc discharge is considered to occur because conductance of the plasma for the high-frequency power becomes negative. The electron speed V sub (oa) for causing the negative conductance was thus derived theoretically and experimentally. Both are in the same trend qualitatively. The decrease in Vc by the superposition can be explained by the increase in V sub (os) by the superposition. (Mori, K.)

  10. High-frequency and low-frequency effects on vibrational resonance in a synthetic gene network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The high-frequency and low-frequency effects on vibrational resonance (VR) in a synthetic gene network are studied. Results show that the role of the high-frequency signal in VR acts as that of noise in stochastic resonance (SR), namely a high-frequency signal can change the effective value of the control parameter such that the random state–state transitions of the switch can happen. A low-frequency signal with lower frequency and higher amplitude tends to favor the response of the system. When VR occurs, the ratio of the optimal amplitude (Bopt) to the corresponding frequency (Ω) of the high-frequency signal is a definite constant. Furthermore, if noise is introduced into the system, noise plays a suppressive role for VR, and various resonance phenomena including the bell-shaped VR and VR without tuning are exhibited in the system

  11. VISUALIZATION OF LIP AND BASAL-CELL SKIN CANCER IN HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTRICAL FIELD

    OpenAIRE

    Zabunyan G. A.; Ovsiyenko P. G.

    2015-01-01

    In patients, there has been registered luminescence of skin sites affected by basal cell skin cancer at stage III in high-frequency electric field. The diagnosis was confirmed by histological analysis of excised cancer sites

  12. High Frequency Radar Locations in the United States as of February 2016.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset show the point locations of High Frequency (HF) radar systems across the US. HF radars measure the speed and direction of ocean surface currents in...

  13. High-frequency Oscillations and the Seizure Onset Zones in Neocortical Epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Ping Sun

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: High-frequency oscillations are linked to SOZ in neocortical epilepsy. Our study demonstrates the prevalent occurrence of HFOs in SOZ. More and more burst of HFOs, especially FRs, means the onset of seizures.

  14. Stability Analysis of an Inverted Pendulum Subjected to Combined High Frequency Harmonics and Stochastic Excitations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zhi-Long; JIN Xiao-Ling; ZHU Zi-Qi

    2008-01-01

    Stability of vertical upright position of an inverted pendulum with its suspension point subjected to high frequency harmonics and stochastic excitations is investigated. Two classes of excitations, i.e., combined high frequency harmonic excitation and Gaussian white noise excitation, and high frequency bounded noise excitation, respectively,are considered. Firstly, the terms of high frequency harmonic excitations in the equation of motion of the system can be set equivalent to nonlinear stiffness terms by using the method of direct separation of motions. Then the stochastic averaging method of energy envelope is used to derive the averaged It(o) stochastic differential equation for system energy. Finally, the stability with probability 1 of the system is studied by using the largest Lyapunov exponent obtained from the averaged It(o) stochastic differential equation. The effects of system parameters on the stability of the system are discussed, and some examples are given to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed procedure.

  15. Dumb Holes and the Effects of High Frequencies on Black Hole Evaporation

    OpenAIRE

    Unruh, W. G.

    1994-01-01

    The naive calculation of black hole evaporation makes the thermal emission depend on the arbitrary high frequency behaviour of the theory where the theory is certainly wrong. Using the sonic analog to black holes-- dumb holes-- I show numerically that a change in the dispersion relation at high frequencies does not seem to alter the evaporation process, lending weight to the reality of the black hole evaporation process. I also suggest a reason for the insensitivity of the process to high fre...

  16. High frequency graphene transistors: can a beauty become a cash cow?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumaier, Daniel; Zirath, Herbert

    2015-09-01

    This is a specially commissioned editorial from the Graphene Flagship Work Package on High Frequency Electronics. This editorial is part of the 2D Materials focus collection on ‘Progress on the science and applications of two-dimensional materials’, published in association with the Graphene Flagship. It provides an overview of key, recent advances from the ‘High Frequency Electronics’ work package and is not intended as a comprehensive review of this field.

  17. Information Asymmetry and Information Dissemination in High-Frequency Capital Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Pöppe, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation is concerned with information asymmetry and information dissemination in high-frequency capital markets. At the intersection of information dissemination and asymmetry with market microstructure, this dissertation pursues three major goals. We propose enhancements to market microstructure methodology to be able to empirically conduct research on information dissemination and asymmetry on recent, high-frequency trading data. Second, we empirically evaluate related microstruct...

  18. Allowing for spontaneous breathing during high-frequency oscillation: the key for final success?

    OpenAIRE

    Rimensberger, Peter

    2006-01-01

    In the present issue of Critical Care, van Heerde and colleagues describe a new technical development (a flow-demand system during high-frequency oscillation) that may have an important impact on the future use of high-frequency ventilation in children and adults. Flow compensation on patient demand seems to reduce the imposed work of breathing, may therefore increase patient comfort, and should theoretically allow for maintaining spontaneous breathing while heavy sedation and muscular paraly...

  19. High frequency oscillatory ventilation as the most appropriate treatment for life threatening thoracic trauma

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Acute respiratory failure is common in trauma patients and can be a threat to life in severe thoracic injury. We represent a case of severe respiratory failure after blunt thoracic injury with uncontrollable bleeding and massive air leak which was successfully managed with high frequency oscillatory ventilation. In our opinion high frequency oscillatory ventilation represent a safe and effective treatment of life threatening acute respiratory failure in trauma patients.

  20. Condition Monitoring of Subsea Connectors - Partial Discharge Detection Using a High Frequency Sensor

    OpenAIRE

    Myklatun, Jon Thore

    2014-01-01

    This thesis discusses possible causes of failure and potential condition indicators that may be used to monitor the condition of the insulation system of a subsea connector. The main focus is to describe how high frequency capacitive couplers can be used to detect the presence of partial discharges in subsea connectors. Fac- tors relevant to the sensitivity and implementation of high frequency capacitive couplers are discussed and an approximate model of the coupler is created....

  1. Implementation of Low Frequency Ac to High Frequency Ac with Single Stage Zvs-Pwm Inverter

    OpenAIRE

    S. Arumugam S. Ramareddy M. Sridhar

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a novel soft-switching pulse width modulation (PWM) utility frequency AC to high frequency (HF) AC power conversion circuit incorporating boost-active clamp single stage inverter topology. This power converter is more suitable and acceptable for cost effective HF consumer induction heating applications. Its operating principle is presented. The operating performances of this high frequency inverter using the latest insulated gate bipolar transistors are illustrated, which ...

  2. Deriving animal behaviour from high-frequency GPS: tracking cows in open and forested habitat

    OpenAIRE

    Weerd, van, M.; Langevelde, van, R Ronald; Oeveren, van, W.; Nolet, B.A.; Kölzsch, A.; Prins, H.H.T.; Boer, de, J.W.

    2015-01-01

    The increasing spatiotemporal accuracy of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) tracking systems opens the possibility to infer animal behaviour from tracking data. We studied the relationship between high-frequency GNSS data and behaviour, aimed at developing an easily interpretable classification method to infer behaviour from location data. Behavioural observations were carried out during tracking of cows (Bos Taurus) fitted with high-frequency GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver...

  3. Gender and vocal production mode discrimination using the high frequencies for speech and singing

    OpenAIRE

    Monson, Brian B.; Lotto, Andrew J.; Story, Brad H.

    2014-01-01

    Humans routinely produce acoustical energy at frequencies above 6 kHz during vocalization, but this frequency range is often not represented in communication devices and speech perception research. Recent advancements toward high-definition (HD) voice and extended bandwidth hearing aids have increased the interest in the high frequencies. The potential perceptual information provided by high-frequency energy (HFE) is not well characterized. We found that humans can accomplish tasks of gender ...

  4. Gender and vocal production mode discrimination using the high frequencies for speech and singing

    OpenAIRE

    Monson, Brian B.; Lotto, Andrew J.; Brad Hudson Story

    2014-01-01

    Humans routinely create acoustical energy at frequencies above 6 kHz during vocalization, but this frequency range is often not represented in communication devices and speech perception research. Recent advancements toward HD voice and extended bandwidth hearing aids have increased the interest in the high frequencies. The potential perceptual information provided by high-frequency energy (HFE) is not well characterized. We found that humans can accomplish tasks of gender discrimination and ...

  5. Bypass ZVS-PWM High-Frequency Inverter for Induction Heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoji, Hiroyuki; Uruno, Junpei; Isogai, Masayuki

    In this paper, we present a novel circuit topology for achieving thezero-voltage switching (ZVS) operation in a high-frequency inverter. The output power of the inverter is regulated over a wide range using a pulse widthmodulation (PWM) technique and by connecting a bypass circuit to a conventional single-ended push-pull (SEPP) high-frequency inverter for induction heating. All the switching devices of the proposed inverter are operated in the ZVS mode.

  6. Shadow boundary effects in hybrid numerical-asymptotic methods for high frequency scattering

    OpenAIRE

    Hewett, David P.

    2014-01-01

    The hybrid numerical-asymptotic (HNA) approach aims to reduce the computational cost of conventional numerical methods for high frequency wave scattering problems by enriching the numerical approximation space with oscillatory basis functions, chosen based on partial knowledge of the high frequency solution asymptotics. In this paper we propose a new methodology for the treatment of shadow boundary effects in HNA boundary element methods, using the classical geometrical theory of diffraction ...

  7. Regional respiratory time constants during lung recruitment in high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants

    OpenAIRE

    Miedema, M; Jongh, de, A.; Frerichs, I; Veenendaal, van, M.B.; Kaam, van, J.B.C.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To assess the regional respiratory time constants of lung volume changes during stepwise lung recruitment before and after surfactant treatment in high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants. Methods A stepwise oxygenation-guided recruitment procedure was performed before and after surfactant treatment in high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants. Electrical impedance tomography was used to continuously record changes in lung volume during the recruitment maneuve...

  8. Optimization of Power MOSFET for High-Frequency Synchronous Buck Converter

    OpenAIRE

    Bai, Yuming

    2003-01-01

    Evolutions in microprocessor technology require the use of a high-frequency synchronous buck converter (SBC) in order to achieve low cost, low profile, fast transient response and high power density. However, high frequency also causes more power loss on MOSFETs. Optimization of the MOSFETs plays an important role in the system performance. Circuit and device modeling is important in understanding the relationship between the device parameters and the power loss. The gate-to-drain charge ...

  9. Computational modeling of a single microdischarge and its interactions with high frequency electromagnetic waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    PanneerChelvam, Premkumar; Raja, Laxminarayan L.; Upadhyay, Rochan R.

    2016-09-01

    We discuss the computational modeling of a single microplasma and its interaction with high frequency electromagnetic waves in a microwave regime. The work is motivated by a strong recent interest in the area of reconfigurable plasma-based metamaterials (MM) and photonic crystals (PC) where the interaction of electromagnetic waves with plasma elements (e.g. microdischarges) forms the basis for the MM/PC operation. In this work the microplasma is assumed to be driven by a 1 GHz microwave source in a parallel plate electrode configuration. Its structure and properties are described using a fluid plasma model. The interaction of the microplasma with a 100 GHz transverse magnetic (TM) and transverse electric (TE) polarized microwave propagating in a rectangular waveguide is studied. Two operational regimes of the plasma discharge are considered. One in which the peak electron density is less than the critical density (under-dense) for the interacting wave and the other in which it is higher (over-dense). The under-dense plasma with positive less than unity dielectric constant has sufficient dielectric contrast from the surrounding medium that a slight perturbation of the incident wave and bending of wave path lines through the discharge is realized. The over-dense plasma interacts strongly with the TM polarized wave because of epsilon-zero resonance at the critical density locations and the wave path lines are observed to reverse their direction near the regions of critical plasma density. The transverse electric (TE) polarized wave does not exhibit epsilon-zero resonance and the interactions are weaker than the TM wave.

  10. High frequency electromagnetic impedance measurements for characterization, monitoring and verification efforts. 1998 annual progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Non-invasive, high-resolution imaging of the shallow subsurface is needed for delineation of buried waste, detection of unexploded ordinance, verification and monitoring of containment structures, and other environmental applications. Electromagnetic measurements at frequencies between 1 and 100 MHz are important for such applications, because the induction number of many targets is small due, and the ability to determine the dielectric permittivity in addition to electrical conductivity of the subsurface is possible. Earlier workers were successful in developing systems for detecting anomalous areas, but no quantifiable information was accurately determined. For high resolution imaging, accurate measurements are necessary so the field data can be mapped into the space of the subsurface parameters. The authors are developing a non-invasive method for accurately imaging the electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity of the shallow subsurface using the plane wave impedance approach, known as the magnetotelluric (MT) method at low frequencies. Electric and magnetic sensors are being tested in a known area against theoretical predictions, thereby insuring that the data collected with the high-frequency impedance (HFI) system will support high-resolution, multi-dimensional imaging techniques. The summary of the work to date is divided into three sections: equipment procurement, instrumentation, and theoretical developments. For most earth materials, the frequency range from 1 to 100 MHz encompasses a very difficult transition zone between the wave propagation of displacement currents and the diffusive behavior of conduction currents. Test equipment, such as signal generators and amplifiers, does not cover the entire range except at great expense. Hence the authors have divided the range of investigation into three sub-ranges: 1--10 MHz, 10--30 MHz, and 30--100 MHz. Results to date are in the lowest frequency range of 1--10 MHz. Even though conduction currents

  11. Occupational exposures to high frequency electromagnetic fields in the intermediate range ( >300 Hz-10 MHz).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Floderus, Birgitta; Stenlund, Carin; Carlgren, Frank

    2002-12-01

    The aim of this study was to identify work situations with electromagnetic fields of 300 Hz-10 MHz and to characterize the occupational exposure. Work place investigations included descriptions of the work environment and physical measurements. We estimated electric (E) and magnetic (H) fields by spot measurements in air, by logged exposure data, and when possible, we recorded induced currents in limbs. The instruments used were Wandel and Golterman EFA-3, NARDA 8718, Holaday HI-3702. The exposure sources comprised five induction furnaces, seven induction heaters, one surface treatment equipment, four units of electronic article surveillance (EAS), and medical devices for surgery and muscle stimulation. The induction furnaces operated at 480 Hz-7 kHz, and the maximum values of logged data varied between 512-2,093 V/m (E field) and 10.5-87.3 A/m (H field). The induction heaters (3.8 kHz-1.25 MHz) also showed high maximum exposure values of both E and H fields. Three EAS units, an electromagnetic plate at a library, a luggage control unit, and an antitheft gate, showed E fields reaching 658-1,069 V/m. The H fields were comparatively lower, except for the antitheft gate (5 and 7.5 kHz) showing a maximum value of 27.2 A/m (recorded during repair). Induced currents of 5-13 mA were measured for the medical devices. The study improves the basis for an exposure assessment for epidemiological studies of long term effects of exposures to high frequency electromagnetic fields. PMID:12395411

  12. High-Frequency Transcranial Random Noise Stimulation Enhances Perception of Facial Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanska, Aleksandra; Rezlescu, Constantin; Susilo, Tirta; Duchaine, Bradley; Banissy, Michael J

    2015-11-01

    Recently, a number of studies have demonstrated the utility of transcranial current stimulation as a tool to facilitate a variety of cognitive and perceptual abilities. Few studies, though, have examined the utility of this approach for the processing of social information. Here, we conducted 2 experiments to explore whether a single session of high-frequency transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) targeted at lateral occipitotemporal cortices would enhance facial identity perception. In Experiment 1, participants received 20 min of active high-frequency tRNS or sham stimulation prior to completing the tasks examining facial identity perception or trustworthiness perception. Active high-frequency tRNS facilitated facial identity perception, but not trustworthiness perception. Experiment 2 assessed the spatial specificity of this effect by delivering 20 min of active high-frequency tRNS to lateral occipitotemporal cortices or sensorimotor cortices prior to participants completing the same facial identity perception task used in Experiment 1. High-frequency tRNS targeted at lateral occipitotemporal cortices enhanced performance relative to motor cortex stimulation. These findings show that high-frequency tRNS to lateral occipitotemporal cortices produces task-specific and site-specific enhancements in face perception. PMID:25662714

  13. High-frequency vibration energy harvesting from impulsive excitation utilizing intentional dynamic instability caused by strong nonlinearity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remick, Kevin; Dane Quinn, D.; Michael McFarland, D.; Bergman, Lawrence; Vakakis, Alexander

    2016-05-01

    The authors investigate a vibration-based energy harvesting system utilizing essential (nonlinearizable) nonlinearities and electromagnetic coupling elements. The system consists of a grounded, weakly damped linear oscillator (primary system) subjected to a single impulsive load. This primary system is coupled to a lightweight, damped oscillating attachment (denoted as nonlinear energy sink, NES) via a neodymium magnet and an inductance coil, and a piano wire, which generates an essential geometric cubic stiffness nonlinearity. Under impulsive input, the transient damped dynamics of this system exhibit transient resonance captures (TRCs) causing intentional large-amplitude and high-frequency instabilities in the response of the NES. These TRCs result in strong energy transfer from the directly excited primary system to the light-weight attachment. The energy is harvested by the electromagnetic elements in the coupling and, in the present case, dissipated in a resistive element in the electrical circuit. The primary goal of this work is to numerically, analytically, and experimentally demonstrate the efficacy of employing this type of intentional high-frequency dynamic instability to achieve enhanced vibration energy harvesting under impulsive excitation.

  14. High frequency permeability and permittivity spectra of BiFeO3/(CoTi)-BaM ferrite composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Low magnetic loss ferrite composites consisting of Ba(CoTi)1.2Fe9.6O19 and BiFeO3 (BFO) ferrite were investigated for permeability, permittivity, and high frequency losses at 10 MHz–1 GHz. The phase fraction of BiFeO3 was quantitatively analyzed by X-ray diffraction measurements. An effective medium approach was employed to predict the effective permeability and permittivity for the ferrite composites, which was found to be in good agreement with experimental data. The experiment demonstrated low magnetic losses (<0.128), modified by BFO phase fraction, while retaining high permeability (∼10.86) at 300 MHz. More importantly, the BFO phase resulted in a reduction of magnetic loss by 32%, as BFO phase increased from 2.7 vol. % to 12.6 vol. %. The effect of BFO phase on magnetic and dielectric properties revealed great potential for use in the miniaturization of high efficiency antennas

  15. The high frequency fatigue behavior of continuous-fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chawla, Nikhilesh

    Many potential applications for continuous fiber ceramic matrix composites (CFCMCs), such as gas turbines and heat exchangers, will involve high frequency cyclic loading (75 Hz or higher). While most of the work in the area of fatigue of CFCMCs has concentrated on low frequency behavior, it has been shown that fatigue at high frequencies can exacerbate the accumulation of microstructural damage and significantly decrease fatigue life. "Soft" matrix composites with strong interface bonding provided superior resistance to high frequency fatigue damage. Nicalon/SiCON composites with strong interfacial bonding between the fibers and matrix exhibited very little internal heating during high frequency fatigue loading. This composite system exhibited excellent fatigue life, with fatigue runout at 10sp7 cycles occurring for stresses close to 80% of the ultimate strength (at a loading frequency of 100 Hz). Thick fiber coatings may be more effective in reducing the amount of fiber wear and damage which occur during high frequency fatigue. More effective lubrication at the fiber/matrix interface was achieved with thicker carbon coatings in Nicalon/C/SiC composites subjected to high frequency fatigue loading. Composites with thicker coatings exhibited substantially lower frictional heating and had much higher fatigue lives. The effect of laminate stacking sequence had a significant effect on the high frequency fatigue behavior of CFCMCs. In SCS-6/Sisb3Nsb4 composites, frictional heating in angle-ply laminates (±45) was substantially higher than that in cross-ply laminates (0/90). Since the angle-ply had a lower stiffness, matrix microcracking in this composite was more predominant. Finally, preliminary fatigue damage mechanism maps for CFCMCs were developed. These maps provided a means to identify which fatigue mechanisms were operating at a given stress level and number of cycles.

  16. Connection Between Screw-Instability in Black Hole Magnetosphere and Pairs of High-Frequency Quasi-Periodic Oscillations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO Guo-Zheng; WANG Ding-Xiong

    2004-01-01

    The correlation of screw-instability in black hole magnetosphere with pairs of high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPOs) is discussed in the coexistence of the Blandford-Znajek (BZ) and magnetic coupling (MC)processes. It turns out that screw-instability can result in HFQPOs. Such an HFQPO can be regarded as the transient process in an equivalent circuit with resistor and inductor in series (R-L circuit), and its period can be estimated by the relaxation time of this process. When the BZ process and the MC process coexist, the screwinstability can occur both in the BZ region and in the MC region, and the pairs of HFQPOs can be generated.Calculations show that such pairs of HFQPOs are likely to show frequencies in a 3:2 ratio. The frequencies of pairs of HFQPOs in our model scale inversely with the mass of central black hole, which is consistent with the observations.

  17. The high frequency characteristics of laser reflection and visible light during solid state disk laser welding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xiangdong; You, Deyong; Katayama, Seiji

    2015-07-01

    Optical properties are related to weld quality during laser welding. Visible light radiation generated from optical-induced plasma and laser reflection is considered a key element reflecting weld quality. An in-depth analysis of the high-frequency component of optical signals is conducted. A combination of a photoelectric sensor and an optical filter helped to obtain visible light reflection and laser reflection in the welding process. Two groups of optical signals were sampled at a high sampling rate (250 kHz) using an oscilloscope. Frequencies in the ranges 1-10 kHz and 10-125 kHz were investigated respectively. Experimental results showed that there was an obvious correlation between the high-frequency signal and the laser power, while the high-frequency signal was not sensitive to changes in welding speed. In particular, when the defocus position was changed, only a high frequency of the visible light signal was observed, while the high frequency of the laser reflection signal remained unchanged. The basic correlation between optical features and welding status during the laser welding process is specified, which helps to provide a new research focus for investigating the stability of welding status.

  18. Electrosmog. Effects of high-frequency electromagnetic waves on health. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1) The concept of Electrosmog concerns technically electromagnetic waves and fields of variable frequency and intensity. In our environment, high frequency fields come almost entirely from man-made sources. 2) High frequency electromagnetic fields can cause physical effects either directly or indirectly - eg through conductive materials. Thermal effects are the most prominent. The action of force mediated by the field can cause the loadig of there electric charges in the body. 3) The amount of energy absorbed by a fabric can be calculated from the intensity of the yield and the conductivity of the material. 4) In-vitro studies have suggested that high frequency fields affect the cell membranes and can cause changes in their permeability, enzyme activity and immune responses; although there are no proven results blaming high frequency fields for such mutations, and effects on cell proliferation have not been ascertained. 5) A basic limit of O-4 W/kg has been set internationally for work-related exposure, according to public health considerations, and the limit for the general public is 0.08 W/kg. 6) These basic limits are generally kept as a minimum requirement, and generally exposure is a hot lower. When high frequency equipment is in use nearby, measures must be taken to ensure that sefety limits are upheld and injury avoided, to the eyes in particular. (orig./MG)

  19. Research for the jamming mechanism of high-frequency laser to the laser seeker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xingyuan; Zhang, Haiyang; Wang, Yunping; Feng, Shuang; Zhao, Changming

    2013-08-01

    High-frequency laser will be able to enter the enemy laser signal processing systems without encoded identification and a copy. That makes it one of the research directions of new interference sources. In order to study the interference mechanism of high-frequency laser to laser guided weapons. According to the principle of high-frequency laser interference, a series of related theoretical models such as a semi-active laser seeker coded identification model, a time door model, multi-signal processing model and a interference signal modulation processing model are established. Then seeker interfere with effective 3σ criterion is proposed. Based on this, the study of the effect of multi-source interference and signal characteristics of the effect of high repetition frequency laser interference are key research. According to the simulation system testing, the results show that the multi-source interference and interference signal frequency modulation can effectively enhance the interference effect. While the interference effect of the interference signal amplitude modulation is not obvious. The research results will provide the evaluation of high-frequency laser interference effect and provide theoretical references for high-frequency laser interference system application.

  20. Influence of high frequency pulse on electrode wear in micro-EDM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-peng Li

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available An electromagnetic coupling mathematical model is established by finite element method and is verified by the contrastive experiments of copper matrix Ni–TiN cylindrical coating electrode, copper electrode and Cu50W electrode. The wear mechanism of Ni–TiN/Cu composite electrode in the case of high-frequency pulse current is studied, and the influence of the fluctuation frequency of discharge current on electrode wear in micro-EDM is found out. Compared with the electrode made from homogeneous material, the high frequency electromagnetic properties of Ni–TiN composite layer can be used effectively to inhibit the effect of high frequency pulse on the electrode and improve the distribution trend of current density.

  1. Theory and application study on attenuation behaviors in heterogeneous medium about high frequency impulses electromagnetic wave

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, H. [China Coal Research Institute, Beijing (China). Beijing Research Institute of Coal Mining

    2001-12-01

    From Maxwell's equations, the attenuation behaviours of high frequency impulse electromagnetic wave during its propagation in underground heterogeneous medium are studied and analysed. Fairly good results are obtained when it is applied to the engineering surveying of weak foundation. By introducing Cole-Cole formula to describe the attenuation behaviours of the complex dielectric constant and character factor in heterogeneous medium, the attenuation behaviours of the high frequency impulse electromagnetic wave in underground heterogeneous medium can be theoretically described. The engineering applications demonstrate the use of attenuation behaviours of GPR high frequency impulse electromagnetic wave to study fault belts, underground fissures, weak foundations above underground space etc. This makes further explanation and assessment of weak foundation feasible, and the evaluation is characterised by low investment, quick result, high precision and non-destructive detection. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  2. High frequency hearing thresholds and product distortion otoacoustic emissions in cystic fibrosis patients,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Bencke Geyer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: The treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis involves the use of ototoxic drugs, mainly aminoglycoside antibiotics. Due to the use of these drugs, fibrocystic patients are at risk of developing hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hearing of patients with cystic fibrosis by High Frequency Audiometry and Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. The study group consisted of 39 patients (7-20 years of age with cystic fibrosis and a control group of 36 individuals in the same age group without otologic complaints, with normal audiometric thresholds and type A tympanometric curves. High Frequency Audiometry and Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions tests were conducted. RESULTS: The study group had significantly higher thresholds at 250, 1000, 8000, 9000, 10,000, 12,500, and 16,000 Hz (p = 0.004 as well as higher prevalence of otoacoustic emission alterations at 1000 and 6000 Hz (p = 0.001, with significantly lower amplitudes at 1000, 1400, and 6000 Hz. There was a significant association between alterations in hearing thresholds in High Frequency Audiometry with the number of courses of aminoglycosides administered (p = 0.005. Eighty-three percent of patients who completed more than ten courses of aminoglycosides had hearing loss in High Frequency Audiometry. CONCLUSION: A significant number of patients with cystic fibrosis who received repeated courses of aminoglycosides showed alterations in High Frequency Audiometry and Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions. The implementation of ten or more aminoglycoside cycles was associated with alterations in High Frequency Audiometry.

  3. High-frequency sea level oscillations in the Mediterranean and their connection to synoptic patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šepić, Jadranka; Vilibić, Ivica; Lafon, Amaury; Macheboeuf, Loïc; Ivanović, Zvonko

    2015-09-01

    This paper contains a basin-wide assessment of high-frequency sea level oscillations in the Mediterranean Sea for the period from 2010 to 2014. Sea level series with temporal resolutions of 1 min were taken from 29 tide gauges that had been operational for at least 4 years with high-quality time series. The contribution of high-frequency sea level variance (2 min-6 h) to the total and residual sea level variance was estimated to vary between 0.4% and 9.5% and between 0.6% and 12.1%, respectively, but to become dominant at some stations during extreme high-frequency events. A total of 36 high-frequency sea level events were extracted from the series, with some occurring locally in one of the four selected regions of Spain, Sardinia, Sicily and the Greece-Ionian Sea (6 events), some occurring over two or three regions (19 events), and some occurring in all of the selected regions within a period of 1-3 days (11 events). The basin-wide events normally propagate from the western to the eastern parts of the basin, with an average velocity of approximately 30 km/h. Synoptic patterns associated with high-frequency events were analysed, and a high resemblance to patterns associated with meteotsunamis was observed: (i) a cyclone with a centre W-NW from the affected area, (ii) a strong thermal front in the lower troposphere, and (iii) a forefront of an unstable strong mid-tropospheric jet placed over the affected area. The strong coherence between high-frequency sea level events and synoptic patterns introduces the possibility of a timely forecast of these events.

  4. Radial properties of high-frequency electrodeless lamps in argon-mercury mixtures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denisova, N [Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Revalde, G [Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd. 19, Riga (Latvia); Skudra, A [Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Raina blvd. 19, Riga (Latvia)

    2005-09-07

    Radial emission properties of high-frequency electrodeless discharge lamps (HFEDLs) in argon-mercury mixtures are investigated both numerically and experimentally. The radial profile of the intensities of the mercury triplet lines 404.7, 435.8 and 546.1 nm are measured for two different values of the high frequency generator power. A model describing physical processes in an HFEDL, including the calculation of radial plasma parameters, is developed. Radial intensity dependences of the lines 404.7, 435.8 and 546.1 nm are calculated and are found to be in good agreement with the experimental measurements.

  5. Hydrogen negative ion in an intense high-frequency electromagnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effect of the intense electromagnetic field on quantum system is considered in high-frequency approximation. By means of averaging-out by field fast oscillations the problem is reduced to the solution of Schroedinger stationary equation with effective potential. Problem concerning shift of hydrogen negative ion level in high-frequency field is solved and effect of bound state disappearance in the intense field is considered in addition. Values of field parameters where this effect may occur are estimated. 12 refs.; 1 fig

  6. High Frequency Tympanometry in Neonates with Normal Otoacoustic Emissions: Measurements and Interpretations

    OpenAIRE

    Sood, Arvinder Singh; Bons, Charanjit Singh; Narang, Gursharan Singh

    2012-01-01

    Tympanometry is used in evaluating middle ear functional conditions. Before 6 months of age its results may be misleading. High-frequency studies aim to provide more valid procedures. In this study, 236 healthy newborns (127 male, 109 female; 73 % rural, 27 % urban) with age between 0 and 42 days (mean 27 days) no risk for hearing impairment; were analyzed for DPOAE. 209 babies who passed DPOAE were further analyzed for high-frequency tympanometry using Interacoustic AT235h tympanometer, whic...

  7. A SIMULATION OF AGENT-BASED MODELS FOR HIGH FREQUENCY TRADING ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Dezsi

    2013-01-01

    High frequency computer-based trading (HFT) represents a challenging topic nowadays, mainly due to the controversy it creates among investors on the financial market. The hereto paper uses two types of agent-based models, one with zero-intelligence traders and the other with intelligent traders in order to simulate the tick-by-tick high frequency trading market for ten US stocks. The results show that in almost all the cases the intelligent agent-based model performed better when compared to ...

  8. Investigation of the induced gate noise of nanoscale MOSFETs in the very high frequency region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Jongwook; Kim, Yoon; Kang, Myounggon

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we investigated the induced gate current noise of nanoscale N/PMOS devices. To analyze the induced gate noise, the induced gate current noise source model was analytically derived. By using the proposed model, the induced gate noise source was compared with other noise sources, and its impact on noise parameters was also analyzed in long-channel and nanoscale N/PMOS devices in the very high frequency region (>100 GHz). The results showed that the induced gate noise of sub-40 nm CMOS technology is negligible, even in the design of very high frequency circuits.

  9. Chinese Short-Text Classification Based on Topic Model with High-Frequency Feature Expansion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Y. Jun

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Short text differs from traditional documents in its shortness and sparseness. Feature extension can ease the problem of high sparseness in the vector space model, but it inevitably introduces noise. To resolve this problem, this paper proposes a high-frequency feature expansion method based on a latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA topic model. High-frequency features are extracted from each category as the feature space, using LDA to derive latent topics from the corpus, and topic words are extended to the short text. Extensive experiments are conducted on Chinese short messages and news titles. The proposed method for classifying Chinese short texts outperforms conventional classification methods.

  10. Free-molecular gas flow through the high-frequency oscillating membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalev, V. L.; Yakunchikov, A. N.; Kosiantchouk, V. V.

    2016-02-01

    The possibility of using a high frequency oscillating track membranes as diffusion membranes for gas separation was studied. High frequency forced oscillation of the membrane was considered because of assumption that the membrane conductivity for a given gas can be controlled by varying the frequency and amplitude of oscillation. The problem about free- molecular gas flow through a oscillating in its plane membrane was stated and the possibility of separation of gases using such a device was investigated. Also, optimal values of membrane oscillation parameters for most efficient gas separation have been found.

  11. Implementation of Low Frequency Ac to High Frequency Ac with Single Stage Zvs-Pwm Inverter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Arumugam S. Ramareddy M. Sridhar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel soft-switching pulse width modulation (PWM utility frequency AC to high frequency (HF AC power conversion circuit incorporating boost-active clamp single stage inverter topology. This power converter is more suitable and acceptable for cost effective HF consumer induction heating applications. Its operating principle is presented. The operating performances of this high frequency inverter using the latest insulated gate bipolar transistors are illustrated, which includes HFAC power regulation ranges and actual efficiency characteristics based on zero voltage soft switching operation ranges.. The simulation circuits are models are developed and they are simulated using ORCAD.

  12. Casimir force between $\\delta-\\delta^{\\prime}$ mirrors transparent at high frequencies

    CERN Document Server

    Braga, Alessandra N; Alves, Danilo T

    2016-01-01

    We investigate, in the context of a real massless scalar field in $1+1$ dimensions, models of partially reflecting mirrors simulated by Dirac $\\delta-\\delta^{\\prime}$ point interactions. In the literature, these models do not exhibit full transparency at high frequencies. In order to provide a more realistic feature for these models, we propose a modified $\\delta-\\delta^{\\prime}$ point interaction that enables to achieve full transparency in the limit of high frequencies. Taking this modified $\\delta-\\delta^{\\prime}$ model into account, we investigate the Casimir force, comparing our results with those found in the literature.

  13. Interference Dynamics of Hydrogen Atoms in High-Frequency Dichromatic Laser Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程太旺; 李晓峰; 傅盘铭; 陈式刚

    2002-01-01

    We investigate the ionization and high-order harmonic generation of a hydrogen atom in high-frequency (several atomic units) super strong (up to several tens of atomic units) dichromatic laser fields. An effective iterative method in the framework of high-frequency Floquet theory is used in the calculations. We have considered two kinds of dichromatic laser field, i.e. 1ω - 2ω and lω - 3ω. We find that, in both the cases, the ionization and high-order harmonic generation show evident dependence on the relative phase and strength of the additional harmonic field. The dynamical origin of these interference effects is also discussed.

  14. Fast control technique for high frequency (5MHz) DC/DC integrated converter

    OpenAIRE

    Viejo de Frutos, Miriam del; Alou Cervera, Pedro; Oliver Ramírez, Jesús Angel; García Suárez, Oscar; Cobos Márquez, José Antonio

    2010-01-01

    A switching frequency of 5 MHz allows the integration in a chip of a low power (10W) DC/DC converter. Although this switching frequency would make feasible a voltage mode control with 1MHz bandwidth, the parasitics and robustness don't allow such a high frequency bandwidth. This paper proposes a fast control technique that helps to optimize the dynamic response of high frequency DC/DC converter. The control proposed and analyzed in this paper is based on the peak current mode control of the o...

  15. Investigation of the induced gate noise of nanoscale MOSFETs in the very high frequency region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we investigated the induced gate current noise of nanoscale N/PMOS devices. To analyze the induced gate noise, the induced gate current noise source model was analytically derived. By using the proposed model, the induced gate noise source was compared with other noise sources, and its impact on noise parameters was also analyzed in long-channel and nanoscale N/PMOS devices in the very high frequency region (>100 GHz). The results showed that the induced gate noise of sub-40 nm CMOS technology is negligible, even in the design of very high frequency circuits. (paper)

  16. Outphasing control of gallium nitride based very high frequency resonant converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mickey Pierre; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.;

    2015-01-01

    In this paper an outphasing modulation control method suitable for line regulation of very high frequency resonant converters is described. The pros and cons of several control methods suitable for very high frequency resonant converters are described and compared to outphasing modulation. Then the...... modulation technique is described and the design equations given. Finally a design example is given for a converter consisting of two class E inverters with a lossless combiner and a common half bridge rectifier. It is shown how outphasing modulation can be used for line regulation while insuring equal and...

  17. Outphasing Control of Gallium Nitride based Very High Frequency Resonant Converter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mickey Pierre; Perreault, David J.; Knott, Arnold;

    2015-01-01

    — In this paper an outphasing modulation control method suitable for line regulation of very high frequency resonant converters is described. The pros and cons of several control methods suitable for very high frequency resonant converters are described and compared to outphasing modulation. Then...... the modulation technique is described and the design equations given. Finally a design example is given for a converter consisting of two class E inverters with a lossless combiner and a common half bridge rectifier. It is shown how outphasing modulation can be used for line regulation while insuring...

  18. Influence of zinc concentration on structure, complex permittivity and permeability of Ni-Zn ferrites at high frequency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Nan-Nan; Yang, Yang; Zhang, Yu-Xiang; Zhou, Jian-Ping; Liu, Peng; Deng, Chao-Yong

    2016-03-01

    Polycrystalline soft magnetic nickel-zinc ferrites with chemical composition Ni1-xZnxFe2O4, where x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.75, and 0.8, were prepared by solid state reaction method. We researched the effect of zinc concentration on the lattice parameter, crystal morphology and electromagnetic properties at high frequency. Results show that ε‧ and ε″ decline with increasing frequency until they reach almost constants over 3 MHz to 1 GHz. The dielectric constant achieves a maximum when the Zn concentration is 0.8. The value of ε‧ slightly declines with increasing frequency in the range of 2-18 GHz. The spectra of the permeability displays a relaxation resonance for the ferrites with x=0, 0.2, and 0.4 in 3 MHz to 1 GHz frequency range. The permeability is ruled by Snoek's law, which results in the values of μ‧ decreased fast below 2 GHz and smaller than 1 above 2 GHz. The value of μ‧ reaches maximum and μ″ shows minimum for the samples around x=0.75 in 2-18 GHz range. The magnetic permeability μ‧ decreases in an external magnetic field, and shows two resonance peaks corresponding to domain wall and spin rotation resonance. The resonance peaks shift to higher frequency with increasing the external magnetic field. But the permeability has no clear response for magnetic field when zinc concentration is much higher.

  19. How does poverty beget poverty?

    OpenAIRE

    Pagani, Linda S

    2007-01-01

    Although Canadian poverty rates are less than our neighbours to the south, the consequences of growing up poor affects the Canadian economy and its social fabric. As a relatively wealthy nation, Canada is challenged by high rates of single-parent families, the working poor and a budding population of newcomers with fewer resources. Family poverty primarily risks affecting childrens’ achievements and academic attainments. Not performing on a par with their middle-class peer group places these ...

  20. Cluster observations of high-frequency waves in the exterior cusp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Khotyaintsev

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available We study wave emissions, in the frequency range from above the lower hybrid frequency up to the plasma frequency, observed during one of the Cluster crossings of a high-beta exterior cusp region on 4 March 2003. Waves are localized near narrow current sheets with a thickness a few times the ion inertial length; currents are strong, of the order of 0.1-0.5μA/m2 (0.1-0.5mA/m2 when mapped to ionosphere. The high frequency part of the waves, frequencies above the electron-cyclotron frequency, is analyzed in more detail. These high frequency waves can be broad-band, can have spectral peaks at the plasma frequency or spectral peaks at frequencies below the plasma frequency. The strongest wave emissions usually have a spectral peak near the plasma frequency. The wave emission intensity and spectral character change on a very short time scale, of the order of 1s. The wave emissions with strong spectral peaks near the plasma frequency are usually seen on the edges of the narrow current sheets. The most probable generation mechanism of high frequency waves are electron beams via bump-on-tail or electron two-stream instability. Buneman and ion-acoustic instability can be excluded as a possible generation mechanism of waves. We suggest that high frequency waves are generated by electron beams propagating along the separatrices of the reconnection region.

  1. Finite-Element Modeling of Viscoelastic Cells During High-Frequency Cyclic Strain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David W. Holdsworth

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Mechanotransduction refers to the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to local loads and forces. The process of mechanotransduction plays an important role both in maintaining tissue viability and in remodeling to repair damage; moreover, it may be involved in the initiation and progression of diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. An understanding of the mechanisms by which cells respond to surrounding tissue matrices or artificial biomaterials is crucial in regenerative medicine and in influencing cellular differentiation. Recent studies have shown that some cells may be most sensitive to low-amplitude, high-frequency (i.e., 1–100 Hz mechanical stimulation. Advances in finite-element modeling have made it possible to simulate high-frequency mechanical loading of cells. We have developed a viscoelastic finite-element model of an osteoblastic cell (including cytoskeletal actin stress fibers, attached to an elastomeric membrane undergoing cyclic isotropic radial strain with a peak value of 1,000 µstrain. The results indicate that cells experience significant stress and strain amplification when undergoing high-frequency strain, with peak values of cytoplasmic strain five times higher at 45 Hz than at 1 Hz, and peak Von Mises stress in the nucleus increased by a factor of two. Focal stress and strain amplification in cells undergoing high-frequency mechanical stimulation may play an important role in mechanotransduction.

  2. New technique for fabrication of high frequency piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasound Transducers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, T; Thomsen, Erik Vilain; Zawada, T;

    2008-01-01

    A novel technique for fabrication of linear arrays of high frequency piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasound Transducers (pMUT) on silicon substrates is presented. Piezoelectric elements are formed by deposition of PZT ((PbZrxTi1-x)O3) into etched features of the silicon substrate...

  3. Feasibility of weaning and direct extubation from open lung high-frequency ventilation in preterm infants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. van Velzen; A. de Jaegere; J. van der Lee; A. van Kaam

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: High-frequency ventilation (HFV) is increasingly used in preterm infants, but data on weaning and extubation are limited. We aimed to establish if weaning the continuous distending pressure (CDP) below 8 cm H2O and the Fio2 below 0.30 is feasible in preterm infants on open lung HFV and if

  4. Ultra-High-Frequency ECG Parameter as a New Marker for Prediction of Biventricular Pacemaker Responders

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Reichlova, T.; Jurák, Pavel; Halámek, Josef; Plešinger, Filip; Lipoldová, J.; Novák, M.; Leinveber, P.

    Brno: Society for Medical Innovation and Technology, 2015. s. 63. [SMIT 2015. International Conference of the Society for Medical Innovation and Technology/27./. 10.09.2015-12.09.2015, Brno] Institutional support: RVO:68081731 Keywords : Ultra high frequency ECG * biventricular pacing * ventricular dyssynchrony * cardiac resynchronization therapy Subject RIV: FA - Cardiovascular Diseases incl. Cardiotharic Surgery

  5. Strong Orientation Effects in Ionization of H$_2^+$ by Short, Intense, High-Frequency Light Sources

    OpenAIRE

    Selsto, S.; Forre, M.; Hansen, J. P.; Madsen, L. B.

    2005-01-01

    We present three dimensional time-dependent calculations of ionization of arbitrarily spatially oriented H$_2^+$ by attosecond, intense, high-frequency laser fields. The ionization probability shows a strong dependence on both the internuclear distance and the relative orientation between the laser field and the internuclear axis.

  6. Some general effects of strong high-frequency excitation: stiffening, biasing, and smoothening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jon Juel

    that can be modeled by a finite number of second order ordinary differential equations, generally nonlinear, with periodically oscillating excitation terms of high frequency and small amplitude. The results should be useful for understanding the effects in question in a broader perspective than is...

  7. Investigation into high-frequency-vibration assisted micro-blanking of pure copper foils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Chunju

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The difficulties encountered during the manufacture of microparts are often associated with size effects relating to material, process and tooling. Utilizing acoustoplastic softening, achieved through a high-frequency vibration assisted micro-blanking process, was introduced to improve the surface finish in micro-blanking. A frequency of 1.0 kHz was chosen to activate the longitudinal vibration mode of the horn tip, using a piezoelectric actuator. A square hole with dimensions of 0.5 mm × 0.5 mm was made, successfully, from a commercial rolled T2 copper foil with 100 μm in thickness. It was found that the maximum blanking force could be reduced by 5% through utilizing the high-frequency vibration. Proportion of the smooth, burnished area in the cut cross-section increases with an increase of the plasticity to fracture, under the high-frequency vibration, which suggests that the vibration introduced is helpful for inhibiting evolution of the crack due to its acoustoplastic softening effect. During blanking, roughness of the burnished surface could be reduced by increasing the vibration amplitude of the punch, which played a role as surface polishing. The results obtained suggest that the high-frequency vibration can be adopted in micro-blanking in order to improve quality of the microparts.

  8. A Markov Chain Estimator of Multivariate Volatility from High Frequency Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peter Reinhard; Horel, Guillaume; Lunde, Asger; Archakov, Ilya

    We introduce a multivariate estimator of financial volatility that is based on the theory of Markov chains. The Markov chain framework takes advantage of the discreteness of high-frequency returns. We study the finite sample properties of the estimation in a simulation study and apply it to...

  9. Efficient Estimation for Diffusions Sampled at High Frequency Over a Fixed Time Interval

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Nina Munkholt; Sørensen, Michael

    estimating functions under which estimators are consistent, rate optimal, and efficient under high frequency (in-fill) asymptotics. The asymptotic distributions of the estimators are shown to be normal variance-mixtures, where the mixing distribution generally depends on the full sample path of the diffusion...... simulation study comparing an efficient and a non-efficient estimating function....

  10. Negative expectations facilitate mechanical hyperalgesia after high-frequency electrical stimulation of human skin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broeke, E.N. van den; Geene, N.; Rijn, C.M. van; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.; Oosterman, J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: High-frequency electrical stimulation (HFS) of human skin induces not only an increased pain sensitivity in the conditioning area but also an increased pain sensitivity to mechanical punctate stimuli in the non-conditioned surrounding skin area. The aim of the present study was to invest

  11. Neural correlates of heterotopic facilitation induced after high frequency electrical stimulation of nociceptive pathways

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broeke, E.N. van den; Heck, C.H. van; Rijn, C.M. van; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: High frequency electrical stimulation (HFS) of primary nociceptive afferents in humans induce a heightened sensitivity in the surrounding non-stimulated skin area. Several studies suggest that this heterotopic effect is the result of central (spinal) plasticity. The aim of this study is

  12. Neural correlates of heterotopic facilitation induced after high frequency electrical stimulation of nociceptive pathways

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broeke, E.N. van den; Heck, C.H. van; Rijn, C.M. van; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.

    2011-01-01

    Background High frequency electrical stimulation (HFS) of primary nociceptive afferents in humans induce a heightened sensitivity in the surrounding non-stimulated skin area. Several studies suggest that this heterotopic effect is the result of central (spinal) plasticity. The aim of this study is t

  13. Bursting high-frequency fluctuation observed in biased plasma in TU-Heliac

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the biased plasma in TU-Heliac, a steep density profile around the core plasma region suddenly collapsed, accompanied with a high-frequency bursting turbulent fluctuation (100 kHz −1. The density gradient and the fluctuation had a non-linear relation and indicated a hysteresis loop. (paper)

  14. Sensors for High Frequency monitoring of cyanoHABs and cyanotoxin production

    Science.gov (United States)

    The use of sensors in environmental monitoring is an area of constant evolution. As monitoring needs present themselves, technology development follows. Here, the use of high frequency data to monitor and predict HABs is presented illustrating the successful use of technology a...

  15. Respiratory Control in Stuttering Speakers: Evidence from Respiratory High-Frequency Oscillations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denny, Margaret; Smith, Anne

    2000-01-01

    This study examined whether stuttering speakers (N=10) differed from fluent speakers in relations between the neural control systems for speech and life support. It concluded that in some stuttering speakers the relations between respiratory controllers are atypical, but that high participation by the high frequency oscillation-producing circuitry…

  16. HIGH FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENTS FOR CHARACTERIZATION, MONITORING AND VERIFICATION EFFORTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    We propose to develop high-frequency impedance (HFI) methodology utilizing a window of the electromagnetic (em) spectrum from 1.0 MHz to 100 MHz. This window, between GPR and low-frequency induction techniques, has not been used to non-invasively investigate the upper few meters ...

  17. Surfactant nebulization versus instillation during high frequency ventilation in surfactant-deficient rabbits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, PH; Heikamp, A; Oetomo, SB

    1998-01-01

    Surfactant nebulization improves lung function at low alveolar doses of surfactant. However, efficiency of nebulization is low, and lung deposition seems to depend on lung aeration. High frequency ventilation (HFV) has been shown to improve lung aeration. We hypothesize that the combination of HFV a

  18. High Frequency Combustion Instabilities of LOx/CH4 Spray Flames in Rocket Engine Combustion Chambers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sliphorst, M.

    2011-01-01

    Ever since the early stages of space transportation in the 1940’s, and the related liquid propellant rocket engine development, combustion instability has been a major issue. High frequency combustion instability (HFCI) is the interaction between combustion and the acoustic field in the combustion c

  19. Modeling of metallic surface topography modification by high-frequency vibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Zhehe; Mei, Deqing; Chen, Zichen

    2016-02-01

    High-frequency vibration is capable of modifying metallic surface topography significantly, while the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, the acoustic softening effect is considered to explain and model the effects of high-frequency normal vibration on surface topography. The surface asperities can be softened by the high-frequency vibration due to acoustic softening, leading to the enhancement of surface topography modification. A theoretical model for metallic surface topography modification by high-frequency vibration is proposed based on the acoustic plasticity. Numerical predictions of surface roughness evolution were conducted under various working conditions based on the model developed. It was found that the reduction of surface roughness (RSR) after vibration-assisted forming was affected by static stress, vibration amplitude, material properties and initial specimen surface roughness. The predictions using the developed model were compared with experimental data. Results showed that the predicted RSR agreed well with the experimental results, indicating that the analytical model is able to accurately capture surface topography evolution during vibration-assisted metal forming. This study provides a basis for understanding the underlying mechanisms of surface topography modification in vibration-assisted manufacturing.

  20. The ventricular depolarization distribution measured by Ultra-High-Frequency Electrocardiograph

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jurák, Pavel; Leinveber, Pavel; Halámek, Josef; Plešinger, Filip; Reichlova, T.; Veselý, P.; Vondra, Vlastimil; Klimeš, Petr; Viščor, Ivo

    Brno : Society for Medical Innovation and Technology, 2015. s. 50. [SMIT 2015. International Conference of the Society for Medical Innovation and Technology/27./. 10.09.2015-12.09.2015, Brno] Institutional support: RVO:68081731 Keywords : Ultra high frequency electrocardiograph * QRS morphology * ventricular depolarisation Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers

  1. Effect of ischemia and cooling on the response to high frequency stimulation in rat tail nerves

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henning; Feldbæk Nielsen, Jørgen; Sørensen, Bodil;

    2000-01-01

    In normal rat tail nerves the effect of temperature and ischemia on the response to long-term high frequency stimulation (HFS) (143 Hz) was studied. The effect of temperature was studied in two consecutive tests at 14 degrees C and 35 degrees C. Prior to the HFS the peak-to-peak amplitude (PP-amp...

  2. High-frequency EPR and ENDOR spectroscopy on semiconductor quantum dots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baranov, P.G.; Orlinskii, S.B.; de Mello Donega, C.; Schmidt, J.

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy are excellent tools for the investigation of the electronic properties of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs). The great attractions of these techniques are that, in contrast

  3. Single phase AC-DC power factor corrected converter with high frequency isolation using buck converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ramesh,

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Single phase ac-dc converters having high frequency isolation are implemented in buck, boost, buck-boost configuration with improving the power quality in terms of reducing the harmonics of input current. The paperpropose the circuit configuration, control mechanism, and simulation result for the single phase ac-dc converter.

  4. Very High Frequency Resonant DC/DC Converters for LED Lighting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mickey Pierre; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a very high frequency DC/DC converter for LED lighting. Several resonant topologies are compared and their usability discussed. At the end the resonant SEPIC converter is chosen based on the achievable power density and total bill of material. Simulations of a 51 MHz converter...

  5. Ventilation strategies and outcome in randomised trials of high frequency ventilation

    OpenAIRE

    Thome, U; Carlo, W; Pohlandt, F

    2005-01-01

    Objective: Randomised controlled trials comparing elective use of high frequency ventilation (HFV) with conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in preterm infants have yielded conflicting results. We hypothesised that the variability of results may be explained by differences in study design, ventilation strategies, delay in initiation of HFV, and use of permissive hypercapnia.

  6. A Simplified Analytical Technique for High Frequency Characterization of Resonant Tunneling Diode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DESSOUKI, A. A. S.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available his paper proposes a simplified analytical technique for high frequency characterization of the resonant tunneling diode (RTD. An equivalent circuit of the RTD that consists of a parallel combination of conductance, G (V, f, and capacitance, C (V, f is formulated. The proposed approach uses the measured DC current versus voltage characteristic of the RTD to extract the equivalent circuit elements parameters in the entire bias range. Using the proposed analytical technique, the frequency response - including the high frequency range - of many characteristic aspects of the RTD is investigated. Also, the maximum oscillation frequency of the RTD is calculated. The results obtained have been compared with those concluded and reported in the literature. The reported results in literature were obtained through simulation of the RTD at high frequency using either a computationally complicated quantum simulator or through difficult RF measurements. A similar pattern of results and highly concordant conclusion are obtained. The proposed analytical technique is simple, correct, and appropriate to investigate the behavior of the RTD at high frequency. In addition, the proposed technique can be easily incorporated into SPICE program to simulate circuits containing RTD.

  7. High-frequency oscillations and seizure activity and in the human anterior nucleus of the thalamus

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rektor, I.; Doležalová, I.; Chrastina, J.; Jurák, Pavel; Halámek, Josef; Brázdil, M.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 56, S1 (2015), s. 29-30. ISSN 0013-9580. [International Epilepsy Congress /31./. 05.09.2015-09.09.2015, Istanbul] Institutional support: RVO:68081731 Keywords : high-frequency oscillations * anterior nucleus of the thalamus Subject RIV: FS - Medical Facilities ; Equipment

  8. High Frequency Synchrony in the Cerebellar Cortex during Goal Directed Movements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan David Groth

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The cerebellum is involved in sensory-motor integration and cognitive functions. The origin and function of the field potential oscillations in the cerebellum, especially in the high frequencies, have not been explored sufficiently. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the spatio-temporal characteristics of high frequency field potentials (150-350Hz in the cerebellar cortex in a behavioral context. To this end, we recorded from the paramedian lobule in rats using micro electro-corticogram (µ-ECoG electrode arrays while the animal performed a lever press task using the forelimb. The phase synchrony analysis shows that the high frequency oscillations recorded at multiple points across the paramedian cortex episodically synchronize immediately before and desynchronize during the lever press. The electrode contacts were grouped according to their temporal course of phase synchrony around the time of lever press. Contact groups presented patches with slightly stronger synchrony values in the medio-lateral direction, and did not appear to form parasagittal zones. The size and location of these patches on the cortical surface are in agreement with the sensory evoked granular layer patches originally reported by Welker’s lab (Shambes, 1978. Spatiotemporal synchrony of high frequency field potentials has not been reported at such large-scales previously in the cerebellar cortex.

  9. High Frequency Discharge Plasma Induced Grafting of Polystyrene onto Titanium Dioxide Powder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Shaofeng; OU Qiongrong; MENG Yuedong

    2007-01-01

    Grafting of polystyrene (PS) onto titanium dioxide powder was investigated. The graft polymerization reaction was induced by high frequency discharge produced N2 plasma treatment of the surfaces of titanium dioxide. IR , XPS and TGA results show that PS was grafted on the titanium dioxide powder. And the crystal structure of the titanium dioxide powder observed by XRD was unchanged after plasma treatment.

  10. Theories and experiments on the stiffening effect of high-frequency excitation for continuous elastic systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jon Juel

    2003-01-01

    for demonstrating and measuring the stiffening effect in a simple setting, in the form of a horizontal piano string subjected to longitudinal high-frequency excitation at the clamped base and free at the other end. A simplest possible theoretical model is set up and analyzed using a hierarchy of three...

  11. Clinical impact of a high-frequency seizure onset zone in a case of bitemporal epilepsy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jiruška, P.; Tomášek, M.; Netuka, D.; Otáhal, Jakub; Jefferys, J. G. R.; Li, X.; Marusič, P.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 3 (2008), s. 231-238. ISSN 1294-9361 Grant ostatní: GA MZd(CZ) NR8843 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50110509 Keywords : epilepsy * high frequency oscillations * ictogenesis Subject RIV: FH - Neurology Impact factor: 1.068, year: 2008

  12. High-frequency ultrasound for monitoring changes in liver tissue during preservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently the only method to assess liver preservation injury is based on liver appearance and donor medical history. Previous work has shown that high-frequency ultrasound could detect ischemic cell death due to changes in cell morphology. In this study, we use high-frequency ultrasound integrated backscatter to assess liver damage in experimental models of liver ischemia. Ultimately, our goal is to predict organ suitability for transplantation using high-frequency imaging and spectral analysis techniques. To examine the effects of liver ischemia at different temperatures, livers from Wistar rats were surgically excised, immersed in phosphate buffer saline and stored at 4 and 20 deg. C for 24 h. To mimic organ preservation, livers were excised, flushed with University of Wisconsin (UW) solution and stored at 4 deg. C for 24 h. Preservation injury was simulated by either not flushing livers with UW solution or, before scanning, allowing livers to reach room temperature. Ultrasound images and corresponding radiofrequency data were collected over the ischemic period. No significant increase in integrated backscatter (∼2.5 dBr) was measured for the livers prepared using standard preservation conditions. For all other ischemia models, the integrated backscatter increased by 4-9 dBr demonstrating kinetics dependent on storage conditions. The results provide a possible framework for using high-frequency imaging to non-invasively assess liver preservation injury

  13. High-frequency ultrasound for monitoring changes in liver tissue during preservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlad, Roxana M.; Czarnota, Gregory J.; Giles, Anoja; Sherar, Michael D.; Hunt, John W.; Kolios, Michael C.

    2005-01-01

    Currently the only method to assess liver preservation injury is based on liver appearance and donor medical history. Previous work has shown that high-frequency ultrasound could detect ischemic cell death due to changes in cell morphology. In this study, we use high-frequency ultrasound integrated backscatter to assess liver damage in experimental models of liver ischemia. Ultimately, our goal is to predict organ suitability for transplantation using high-frequency imaging and spectral analysis techniques. To examine the effects of liver ischemia at different temperatures, livers from Wistar rats were surgically excised, immersed in phosphate buffer saline and stored at 4 and 20 °C for 24 h. To mimic organ preservation, livers were excised, flushed with University of Wisconsin (UW) solution and stored at 4 °C for 24 h. Preservation injury was simulated by either not flushing livers with UW solution or, before scanning, allowing livers to reach room temperature. Ultrasound images and corresponding radiofrequency data were collected over the ischemic period. No significant increase in integrated backscatter (~2.5 dBr) was measured for the livers prepared using standard preservation conditions. For all other ischemia models, the integrated backscatter increased by 4-9 dBr demonstrating kinetics dependent on storage conditions. The results provide a possible framework for using high-frequency imaging to non-invasively assess liver preservation injury.

  14. Sonolytic and sonocatalytic degradation of azo dyes by low and high frequency ultrasound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study describes degradation of two azo dyes at low and high frequency ultrasound (US) to compare their reactivity and to assess the impacts of frequency, OH·, chemical structure and soluble/nonsoluble additives. Low frequency US alone was found totally ineffective for bleaching the dyes even after 2-h irradiation, while high frequency provided significant color decay in 30-min contact. The result was attributed to larger number of oscillations at high frequency that allowed a larger fraction of OH· ejection to the bulk liquid. The difference in the rates of dye degradation was due to different substituents around the azo bonds that dictated the reactivities of the dyes with OH· and other species. The performance of low frequency US was remarkably improved and exceeded that of high frequency in the presence of CCl4, nano-sized TiO2 and zero-valent copper. The effect was attributed to the advantage of low frequency for long bubble-life time, high collapse temperatures, turbulent flow conditions and high sonoluminescence intensity. The efficacies of the additives in terms of the reduction in dye concentration per unit mass of additive were: TiO2 > CCl4 > Cu, regardless of the dye structure and the operation frequency. Much better performance of TiO2 than Cu was attributed to its larger surface area with a slight positive charge on it and to the effect of stable sonoluminescence that may have induced photocatalytic properties on semiconductor surface.

  15. On the Importance of High Frequency Gravity Waves for Ice Nucleation in the Tropical Tropopause Layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Eric J.

    2016-01-01

    Recent investigations of the influence of atmospheric waves on ice nucleation in cirrus have identified a number of key processes and sensitivities: (1) ice concentrations produced by homogeneous freezing are strongly dependent on cooling rates, with gravity waves dominating upper tropospheric cooling rates; (2) rapid cooling driven by high-frequency waves are likely responsible for the rare occurrences of very high ice concentrations in cirrus; (3) sedimentation and entrainment tend to decrease ice concentrations as cirrus age; and (4) in some situations, changes in temperature tendency driven by high-frequency waves can quench ice nucleation events and limit ice concentrations. Here we use parcel-model simulations of ice nucleation driven by long-duration, constant-pressure balloon temperature time series, along with an extensive dataset of cold cirrus microphysical properties from the recent ATTREX high-altitude aircraft campaign, to statistically examine the importance of high-frequency waves as well as the consistency between our theoretical understanding of ice nucleation and observed ice concentrations. The parcel-model simulations indicate common occurrence of peak ice concentrations exceeding several hundred per liter. Sedimentation and entrainment would reduce ice concentrations as clouds age, but 1-D simulations using a wave parameterization (which underestimates rapid cooling events) still produce ice concentrations higher than indicated by observations. We find that quenching of nucleation events by high-frequency waves occurs infrequently and does not prevent occurrences of large ice concentrations in parcel simulations of homogeneous freezing. In fact, the high-frequency variability in the balloon temperature data is entirely responsible for production of these high ice concentrations in the simulations.

  16. Synthesis and properties of Pr-substituted MgZn ferrites for core materials and high frequency applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of single phase spinel ferrites having chemical formula Mg0.5Zn0.5PrxFe2−xO4 (x=0.00, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25) were prepared using the sol–gel technique after sintering at 700 °C. The thermal decomposition behavior of an as prepared powder was investigated by means of DTA/TGA analyses. The sintered powders were then characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscope, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope and vibrating sample magnetometer. X-ray diffraction patterns confirm the single phase spinel structure of prepared ferrites without the presence of any impurity phase. The value of lattice parameter (a) increases with the increase of Pr contents (x) into the spinel lattice. The grain size estimated from electron microscope images is in the range of 2.75–5.4 µm which confirms the spinel crystalline nature of the investigated samples. The saturation magnetization (Ms) decreases whereas coercivity (Hc) increases with the increase of Pr contents (x). The measured parameters suggest that these materials are favorable for high frequency applications and as core materials. - Highlights: • Pr-substituted spinel ferrites synthesized by autocombustion route have been investigated. • The average grain size was in the range of 2.75–5.4 µm estimated by SEM technique. • The (Ms) decreases whereas (Hc) increases with the increase of Pr contents (x). • These parameters are favorable for high frequency applications and as core materials

  17. Permeability and electric resistivity of spin-sprayed Zn ferrite films for high-frequency device applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By spin-spray ferrite plating, an aqueous process, we prepared ZnxFe3-xO4 (0≤x≤0.97) films at 90 deg. C on polyimide and glass substrates, on which complex permeability (μ=μ'-jμ'') was measured. As Zn content x increases from 0 to 0.70 static permeability, μs, increases from 14 to 119, but natural resonance frequency, fr, reduces from 1 GHz to 200 MHz. This is because magnetic anisotropy field decreases more rapidly than saturation magnetization. With increasing x DC electric resistivity, ρ, increases, exceeding 50 Ω cm (a measure of the lower limit for the high-frequency application) when x>0.15. Film with x=0.70 has relatively high μ'∼119 and μ''=0 up to 20 MHz, and is promising to be used as MHz core inductors. Film with x=0.36 has relatively high μ'=80 and μ''=0 up to 100 MHz, and it may be used as inductors at the ten MHz range and noise suppression sheets at the hundred MHz range

  18. Development of high-frequency induction melting system for radioactive solid waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Various low-level radioactive solid wastes are stored on sites of nuclear power plants and research laboratories. The volume of these wastes should be reduced before disposal. The high-frequency induction melting system is preferable when the amount of waste is not large and the operation ratio of the facility is not high. A new high-frequency induction melting system using a ceramic canister and a heat loss compensator (Active Insulator) was developed. The full-scale system was installed and the melting performance tests were conducted. Carbon steel and stainless steel were used as the simulated metallic wastes. Thermal insulators and HEPA filters were main simulants for inorganic wastes. The sleeve shape active insulator helped the volumetric heat of the metal layer transfer to the slag layer. (author)

  19. Investigations of high-frequency induction hardening process for piston rod of shock absorber

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xianhua Cheng; Qianqian Shangguan

    2005-01-01

    The microhardness of piston rods treated with different induction hardening processes was tested. The experimental results reveal that the depth of the hardened zone is proportional to the ratio of the moving speed of the piston rod to the output power of the induction generator. This result is proved correct through the Finite Element Method (FEM) simulation of the thermal field of induction heating. From tensile and impact tests, an optimized high frequency induction hardening process for piston rods has been obtained, where the output power was 82%×80 kW and the moving speed of workpiece was 5364 mm/min. The piston rods, treated by the optimized high frequency induction hardening process, show the best comprehensive mechanical performance.

  20. High-frequency operation of a mid-infrared interband cascade system at room temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfi, Hossein; Li, Lu; Lei, Lin; Ye, Hao; Shazzad Rassel, S. M.; Jiang, Yuchao; Yang, Rui Q.; Mishima, Tetsuya D.; Santos, Michael B.; Gupta, James A.; Johnson, Matthew B.

    2016-05-01

    The high-frequency operation of a mid-infrared interband cascade system that consists of a type-I interband cascade laser and an uncooled interband cascade infrared photodetector (ICIP) is demonstrated at room temperature. The 3-dB bandwidth of this system under direct frequency modulation was ˜850 MHz. A circuit model was developed to analyze the high-frequency characteristics. The extracted 3-dB bandwidth for an uncooled ICIP was ˜1.3 GHz, signifying the great potential of interband cascade structures for high-speed applications. The normalized Johnson-noise-limited detectivity of these ICIPs exceeded 109 cm Hz1/2/W at 300 K. These results validate the advantage of ICIPs to achieve both high speed and high sensitivity at high temperatures.

  1. Vast Volatility Matrix Estimation using High Frequency Data for Portfolio Selection

    CERN Document Server

    Fan, Jianqing; Yu, Ke

    2010-01-01

    Portfolio allocation with gross-exposure constraint is an effective method to increase the efficiency and stability of selected portfolios among a vast pool of assets, as demonstrated in Fan et al (2008). The required high-dimensional volatility matrix can be estimated by using high frequency financial data. This enables us to better adapt to the local volatilities and local correlations among vast number of assets and to increase significantly the sample size for estimating the volatility matrix. This paper studies the volatility matrix estimation using high-dimensional high-frequency data from the perspective of portfolio selection. Specifically, we propose the use of "pairwise-refresh time" and "all-refresh time" methods proposed by Barndorff-Nielsen et al (2008) for estimation of vast covariance matrix and compare their merits in the portfolio selection. We also establish the concentration inequalities of the estimates, which guarantee desirable properties of the estimated volatility matrix in vast asset ...

  2. Spectral Decay Characteristics in High Frequency Range of Observed Records from Crustal Large Earthquakes (Part 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsurugi, M.; Kagawa, T.; Irikura, K.

    2012-12-01

    Spectral decay characteristics in high frequency range of observed records from crustal large earthquakes occurred in Japan is examined. It is very important to make spectral decay characteristics clear in high frequency range for strong ground motion prediction in engineering purpose. The authors examined spectral decay characteristics in high frequency range of observed records among three events, the 2003 Miyagi-Ken Hokubu earthquake (Mw 6.1), the 2005 Fukuoka-Ken Seiho-oki earthquake (Mw 6.6), and the 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake (Mw 6.9) in previous study [Tsurugi et al.(2010)]. Target earthquakes in this study are two events shown below. *EQ No.1 Origin time: 2011/04/11 17:16, Location of hypocenter: East of Fukushima pref., Mj: 7.0, Mw: 6.6, Fault type: Normal fault *EQ No.2 Origin time: 2011/03/15 22:31, Location of hypocenter: East of Shizuoka pref., Mj: 6.4, Mw: 5.9, Fault type: Strike slip fault The borehole data of each event are used in the analysis. The Butterworth type high-cut filter with cut-off frequency, fmax and its power coefficient of high-frequency decay, s [Boore(1983)], are assumed to express the high-cut frequency characteristics of ground motions. The four parameters such as seismic moment, corner frequency, cut-off frequency and its power coefficient of high-frequency decay are estimated by comparing observed spectra at rock sites with theoretical spectra. The theoretical spectra are calculated based on the omega squared source characteristics convolved with propagation-path effects and high-cut filter shapes. In result, the fmax's of the records from the earthquakes are estimated 8.0Hz for EQ No.1 and 8.5Hz for EQ No.2. These values are almost same with those of other large crustal earthquakes occurred in Japan. The power coefficient, s, are estimated 0.78 for EQ No.1 and 1.65 for EQ No.2. The value for EQ No.2 is notably larger than those of other large crustal earthquakes. It is seems that the value of the power coefficient, s

  3. High frequency tympanometry in neonates with normal otoacoustic emissions: measurements and interpretations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, Arvinder Singh; Bons, Charanjit Singh; Narang, Gursharan Singh

    2013-07-01

    Tympanometry is used in evaluating middle ear functional conditions. Before 6 months of age its results may be misleading. High-frequency studies aim to provide more valid procedures. In this study, 236 healthy newborns (127 male, 109 female; 73 % rural, 27 % urban) with age between 0 and 42 days (mean 27 days) no risk for hearing impairment; were analyzed for DPOAE. 209 babies who passed DPOAE were further analyzed for high-frequency tympanometry using Interacoustic AT235h tympanometer, which was possible for 399 ears. The success rate for HFT was 95.3 %. Descriptive statistics for six parameters TPP, Y 200, Y peak, Y tail, YpC-200 and Ypc-tail were analyzed and compared with previous studies. All the parameters except the Ypc-tail were in the range of previous studies. PMID:24427574

  4. High-frequency electroacupuncture evidently reinforces hippocampal synaptic transmission in Alzheimer's disease rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Kong, Li-hong; Wang, Hui; Shen, Feng; Wang, Ya-wen; Zhou, Hua; Sun, Guo-jie

    2016-01-01

    The frequency range of electroacupuncture in treatment of Alzheimer's disease in rats is commonly 2–5 Hz (low frequency) and 50–100 Hz (high frequency). We established a rat model of Alzheimer's disease by injecting β-amyloid 1–42 (Aβ1–42) into the bilateral hippocampal dentate gyrus to verify which frequency may be better suited in treatment. Electroacupuncture at 2 Hz or 50 Hz was used to stimulate Baihui (DU20) and Shenshu (BL23) acupoints. The water maze test and electrophysiological studies demonstrated that spatial memory ability was apparently improved, and the ranges of long-term potentiation and long-term depression were increased in Alzheimer's disease rats after electroacupuncture treatment. Moreover, the effects of electroacupuncture at 50 Hz were better than that at 2 Hz. These findings suggest that high-frequency electroacupuncture may enhance hippocampal synaptic transmission and potentially improve memory disorders in Alzheimer's disease rats. PMID:27335565

  5. High-frequency gyrotrons and their application to tokamak plasma heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comprehensive analysis of high frequency (100 to 200 GHz) and high power (> 100 kW) gyrotrons has been conducted. It is shown that high frequencies will be required in order for electron cyclotron radiation to propagate to the center of a compact tokamak power reactor. High power levels will be needed in order to ignite the plasma with a reasonable number of gyrotron units. In the first part of this research, a set of analytic expressions, valid for all TE cavity modes and all harmonics, is derived for the starting current and frequency detuning using the Vlasov-Maxwell equations in the weakly relativistic limit. The use of an optical cavity is also investigated

  6. Energy conservation and high-frequency damping in numerical time integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krenk, Steen

    2008-01-01

    to introduce so-called α-damping, and an improved form leading only to high-frequency damping can be obtained by suitable averaging of the equilibrium equation at onsecutive time steps. Conservative time integration algorithms are obtained by use of an integral of the equation of motion and the......Momentum and energy conserving time integration procedures are receiving increased interest due to the central role of conservation properties in relation to the problems under investigation. However, most problems in structural dynamics are based on models that are first discretized in space, en...... this often leads to a fairly large number of high-frequency modes, that are not represented well – and occasionally directly erroneously – by the model. It is desirable to cure this problem by devising algorithms that include the possibility of introducing algorithmic energy dissipation of the high...

  7. High-frequency over-the-horizon radar and ionospheric backscatter studies in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Le-Wei

    1998-09-01

    China is one of the countries that employs high-frequency over-the-horizon radars for both military and civil applications. The first Chinese high-frequency over-the horizon backscatter radar was developed in the 1970s. This paper briefly introduces the first Chinese over-the-horizon backscatter radar system and reviews ionospheric backscatter and propagation studies in China. The paper discusses the motivation for establishing over-the-horizon radar systems in China, the experimental system, target recognition and detection,and estimation of over-the-horizon radar availability. Observations of aircraft, large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances, and the effects of a remote nuclear explosion are also presented. Finally, the real-time Chinese ionosonde network and frequency predictions using backscatter ionograms are discussed.

  8. The system of high frequency triangular waveform generator for mini-cyclotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This generator is designed for a super-sensitive mini-cyclotron mass spectroscope. The main difference in high frequency system design between this and ordinary cyclotron is that this system uses triangular waveform and ordinary cyclotron uses sine wave as Dee voltage. The generator's load is capacitor and it's LC resonance circuit. An electron tube works under switching signal and inductor La is considered as a constant current component in high frequency condition. It generates triangular waveform by alternatively charging and discharging a load capacitor CL with constant current. The output waveform quality depends on the constancy of the charge and discharge current and this current is affected by the shape of switching signal on grid of the electron tube

  9. The value of high-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing congenital muscular torticollis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Lei

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT is a relatively common neck deformity in infancy. The aim of our research was to determine the value of high-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing CMT. Methods Patients with a clinical suspicion of CMT underwent an ultrasound examination before diagnosis, and the sonographic characteristics were analyzed and compared with the clinical findings. Results The sensitivity and specificity of an ultrasound diagnosis for CMT was 95.83% and 83.33%, respectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on the stage of the disease: the early-stage group (age Conclusions Different stage of CMT patients had different sonographic characteristics. High-frequency and color Doppler ultrasonography can serve as adjunct confirmation tool for the diagnosis of CMT.

  10. Evaluation of the high-voltage high-frequency transformer insulating materials for satellites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environment resistance evaluation was made of the insulating materials of impregnated injection type for high-voltage high-frequency transformers mounted in satellites. (1) The stress occurring in the impregnated injection type resin is small in silicon resin and urethane resin and large in epoxy resin. (2) The dielectric characteristic at high frequency is good in silicone resin. In epoxy resin, when the transformer is operated at high temperature, its thermal runaway may take place. (3) The radiation deterioration at 1 Mrad - 10 Mrad is slight in urethane resin. (4) The degassing is not good in silicone resin. (5) The adhesive power is good in urethane resin. (6) From the above results, in silicone resin there is problem in degassing and adhesive power. In epoxy resin there is problem in stress and dielectric characteristic. (Mori, K.)

  11. High frequency PMN-PT single crystal focusing transducer fabricated by a mechanical dimpling technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y; Lam, K H; Zhou, D; Cheng, W F; Dai, J Y; Luo, H S; Chan, H L W

    2013-02-01

    High frequency (∼30MHz and ∼80MHz) focusing ultrasound transducers were fabricated using a PMN-0.28PT single crystal by a mechanical dimpling technique. The dimpled single crystal was used as an active element for the focusing transducer. Compared with a plane transducer, the focusing transducer fabricated with a dimpled active element exhibits much broader bandwidth and higher sensitivity. Besides, a high quality image can be obtained by the 30MHz focusing transducer, in which the -6dB axial and lateral resolution is 27μm and 139μm, respectively. These results prove that the dimpling technique is capable to fabricate the high frequency focusing transducers with excellent performance for imaging applications. PMID:22944074

  12. Automated calculation of surface energy fluxes with high-frequency lake buoy data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolway, R Iestyn; Jones, Ian D; Hamilton, David P.; Maberly, Stephen C; Muroaka, Kohji; Read, Jordan S.; Smyth, Robyn L; Winslow, Luke A.

    2015-01-01

    Lake Heat Flux Analyzer is a program used for calculating the surface energy fluxes in lakes according to established literature methodologies. The program was developed in MATLAB for the rapid analysis of high-frequency data from instrumented lake buoys in support of the emerging field of aquatic sensor network science. To calculate the surface energy fluxes, the program requires a number of input variables, such as air and water temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and short-wave radiation. Available outputs for Lake Heat Flux Analyzer include the surface fluxes of momentum, sensible heat and latent heat and their corresponding transfer coefficients, incoming and outgoing long-wave radiation. Lake Heat Flux Analyzer is open source and can be used to process data from multiple lakes rapidly. It provides a means of calculating the surface fluxes using a consistent method, thereby facilitating global comparisons of high-frequency data from lake buoys.

  13. High shock, high frequency characteristics of a mechanical isolator for a piezoresistive accelerometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bateman, V.I.; Brown, F.A.; Davie, N.T. [and others

    1995-07-01

    A mechanical isolator has been developed for a piezoresistive accelerometer. The purpose of the isolator is to mitigate high frequency shocks before they reach the accelerometer because the high frequency shocks may cause the accelerometer to resonate. Since the accelerometer is undamped, it often breaks when it resonates. The mechanical isolator was developed in response to impact test requirements for a variety of structures at Sandia National Laboratories. An Extended Technical Assistance Program with the accelerometer manufacturer has resulted in a commercial isolator that will be available to the general public. This mechanical isolator has ten times the bandwidth of any other commercial isolator and has acceptable frequency domain performance from DC to 10 kHz ({plus_minus} 10%) over a temperature range of -65{degrees}F to +185{degrees}F as demonstrated in this paper.

  14. Research on High Frequency Amplitude Attenuation of Electric Fast Transient Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huafu Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to solve the amplitude attenuation of electric fast transient (EFT generator operating in high frequency, the charging and discharging process of energy storage capacitor in EFT generator are analyzed, the main circuit voltage variation mathematical model is established, the parameters of main loop circuit and the parameters of switch driving waveform which affect burst amplitude are discussed. Through the simulation, this paper puts forward effective methods to overcome burst amplitude attenuation in high frequency. The simulation results show that when the frequency is low, the duty ratio of drive signal have little effect on energy storage capacitor voltage amplitude attenuation. when the charging resistance is less than 500 Ω, the duty ratio of drive signal is less than 0.125, the repetition frequency of burst reaches 1.2 MHz, the amplitude attenuation of energy storage capacitor voltage is less than 9%, the amplitude of burst satisfies IEC61000-4-4 standards.

  15. Low-Degree High-Frequency p and g Modes in the Solar Core

    CERN Document Server

    Mathur, S; Eff-Darwich, A

    2009-01-01

    Solar gravity (g) modes propagate within the radiative part of the solar interior and are highly sensitive to the physical conditions of the solar core. They would represent the best tool to infer the structure and dynamics of the radiative interior, in particular the core, if they were properly detected and characterized. Although individual rotational splittings for g modes have not yet been calculated, we have to understand the effect of these modes, and also low-degree high-frequency p modes, on the inversion of the solar rotation rate between 0.1 and 0.2 Rs. In this work, we follow the methodology developed in Mathur et al. (2008) and Garcia et al. (2008), adding g modes and low-degree high-frequency p modes to artificial inversion data sets, in order to study how they convey information on the solar core rotation.

  16. Monitoring general corrosion of rebar embedded in mortar using high-frequency guided mechanical waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ervin, Benjamin L.; Bernhard, Jennifer T.; Kuchma, Daniel A.; Reis, Henrique

    2007-04-01

    High-frequency guided mechanical waves were used to ultrasonically monitor reinforced mortar specimens undergoing accelerated general corrosion damage. Waves were invoked, using both single-cycle and high-cycle tonebursts, at frequencies where the attenuation is at a local minimum. Results show that the high-frequency waves were sensitive to irregularities in the reinforcing rebar profile caused by corrosion. The sensitivity is thought to be due to scattering, reflections, and mode conversion at the irregularities. Certain frequencies show promise for being insensitive to the surrounding mortar, ingress of water, presence of additional rebar, stirrups, and rust product accumulation. This lack of sensitivity allows for changes in guided wave behavior from bar profile deterioration to be isolated from the effects of other surrounding interfaces.

  17. High frequency A-type pulsators discovered using SuperWASP

    CERN Document Server

    Holdsworth, Daniel L; Gillon, M; Clubb, K I; Southworth, J; Maxted, P F L; Anderson, D R; Barros, S C C; Cameron, A Collier; Delrez, L; Faedi, F; Haswell, C A; Hellier, C; Horne, K; Jehin, E; Norton, A J; Pollacco, D; Skillen, I; Smith, A M S; West, R G; Wheatley, P J

    2014-01-01

    We present the results of a survey using the WASP archive to search for high frequency pulsations in F-, A- and B-type stars. Over 1.5 million targets have been searched for pulsations with amplitudes greater than 0.5 millimagnitude. We identify over 350 stars which pulsate with periods less than 30 min. Spectroscopic follow-up of selected targets has enabled us to confirm 10 new rapidly oscillating Ap stars, 13 pulsating Am stars and the fastest known $\\delta$ Scuti star. We also observe stars which show pulsations in both the high-frequency domain and in the low-frequency $\\delta$ Scuti range. This work shows the power of the WASP photometric survey to find variable stars with amplitudes well below the nominal photometric precision per observation.

  18. Energy conservation and high-frequency damping in numerical time integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krenk, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Momentum and energy conserving time integration procedures are receiving increased interest due to the central role of conservation properties in relation to the problems under investigation. However, most problems in structural dynamics are based on models that are first discretized in space, en...... this often leads to a fairly large number of high-frequency modes, that are not represented well – and occasionally directly erroneously – by the model. It is desirable to cure this problem by devising algorithms that include the possibility of introducing algorithmic energy dissipation of the high......-frequency modes. The problem is well known from classic collocation based algorithms – notably various forms of the Newmark algorithm – where the equation of motion is supplemented by approximate relations between displacement, velocity and acceleration. Here adjustment of the algorithmic parameters can be used...

  19. Electron energy distributions and excitation rates in high-frequency argon discharges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electron energy distribution functions and rate coefficients for excitation and ionisation in argon under the action of an uniform high-frequency electric field were calculated by numerically solving the homogeneous Boltzmann equation. Analytic calculations in the limiting cases ω>>νsub(c) and ω<<νsub(c), where ω is the wave angular frequency and νsub(c) is the electron-neutral collision frequency for momentum transfer, are also presented and shown to be in very good agreement with the numerical computations. The results reported here are relevant for the modelling of high-frequency discharges in argon and, in particular, for improving recent theoretical descriptions of a plasma column sustained by surface microwaves. The properties of surface wave produced plasmas make them interesting as possible substitutes for other more conventional plasma sources for such important applications as plasma chemistry laser excitation, plasma etching spectroscopic sources etc...

  20. An Analysis of the High Frequency Vibrations in Early Thematic Mapper Scenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogut, J.; Larduinat, E.

    1985-01-01

    The motion of the mirrors in the thematic mapper (TM) and multispectral scanner (MSS) instruments, and the motion of other devices, such as the TDRSS antenna drive, and solar array drives onboard LANDSAT-4 cause vibrations to propagate through the spacecraft. These vibrations as well as nonlinearities in the scanning motion of the TM mirror can cause the TM detectors to point away from their nominal positions. Two computer programs, JITTER and SCDFT, were developed as part of the LANDSAT-D Assessment System (LAS), Products and Procedures Analysis (PAPA) program to evaluate the potential effect of high frequency vibrations on the final TM image. The maximum overlap and underlap which were observed for early TM scenes are well within specifications for the ground processing system. The cross scan and scan high frequency vibrations are also within the specifications cited for the flight system.