WorldWideScience

Sample records for beautification

  1. Facial Beautification Method Based on Age Evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yan; DING Shou-hong; HU Gan-le; MA Li-zhuang

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes a new facial beautification method using facial rejuvenation based on the age evolution. Traditional facial beautification methods only focus on the color of skin and deformation and do the transformation based on an experimental standard of beauty. Our method achieves the beauty effect by making facial image looks younger, which is different from traditional methods and is more reasonable than them. Firstly, we decompose the image into different layers and get a detail layer. Secondly, we get an age-related parameter:the standard deviation of the Gaussian distribution that the detail layer follows, and the support vector machine (SVM) regression is used to fit a function about the age and the standard deviation. Thirdly, we use this function to estimate the age of input image and generate a new detail layer with a new standard deviation which is calculated by decreasing the age. Lastly, we combine the original layers and the new detail layer to get a new face image. Experimental results show that this algo-rithm can make facial image become more beautiful by facial rejuvenation. The proposed method opens up a new way about facial beautification, and there are great potentials for applications.

  2. CONSUMER EVALUATIONS OF BEAUTIFICATION PRODUCTS: EFFECTS OF EXTRINSIC CUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the influence of extrinsic cues, i.e. brand image, perceived price, perceived quality, and perceived country of origin on consumers' evaluative judgments for beautification products. Multi-item measures were used for data collection. Resultsrevealed that three extrinsic cues: brand image, perceived quality, and perceived country of origin have positive and significant influence on consumers' brand evaluation of beautification brands. Only perceived price has shown no such influence on consumers' brand evaluation. Finally, unanswered questions and future researchdirections are presented.

  3. Brief Discussion about Liver and Traditional Chinese Medicine Beautification%论肝与中医美容

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌天和

    2012-01-01

    The main physiological functions of the liver are to maintain free of qi, store blood, control tendons, reflect essence in claw and open into the eyes, which have an important position on traditional Chinese medicine beautification and can affect one's beauty of spirit, limbs and trunk, head, hair, skin and so on. If the functions of the liver are abnormal, lots of diseases of impeding looks would take place. It is concluded that either in the daily beauty care or clinical treatment, we should pay attention to the method of soothing the liver and enriching the blood.%肝主疏泄、藏血,在体合筋,其华在爪,开窍于目的生理功能在中医美容中占重要地位,影响人的神态美、肢体美、头发美、皮肤美等.若肝功能失常则会导致许多碍容性疾病,因此提出在日常美容保健,抑或临床治疗时,都应注意运用疏肝补血的方法.

  4. Development and initial psychometric examination of the Home Safety and Beautification Assessment in mothers referred to treatment by child welfare agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, Brad; Pitts, Michelle; Chow, Graig M; Benning, Stephen D; Soto-Nevarez, Arturo; Plant, Christopher P; Allen, Daniel N

    2016-05-01

    Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death among children, with approximately 45% of injuries occurring in and around the home. Rates of home injury are particularly high in the homes of caregivers who are referred for intervention services by child welfare agents. However, there are few validated methods of home safety assessment available. The Home Safety and Beautification Assessment (HSBA) was developed to assist intervention planning specific to home safety and appearance in a sample of 77 mothers who were referred to treatment by Child Welfare Services. Exploratory factor analysis of HSBA items indicated that safety and appearance factors emerged across rooms in the home, and internal consistencies were good. For each room, the sums of assessors' safety and appearance intervention priority item scores were correlated with the assessors' global safety and appearance ratings of the entire home, respectively. The participants' overall room attractiveness scores were correlated with the assessors' overall room appearance intervention priority scores, whereas the participants' ratings of overall room safety were not correlated with the assessors' overall room safety intervention priority scores. Participants' scores on the Abuse subscale of the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, personal income, and education level were not associated with the assessors' home safety and appearance intervention priority ratings, suggesting the HSBA is assessing constructs that are distinct from child abuse potential and socioeconomic status. The results support the HSBA in a sample referred to treatment by child welfare agents. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26322799

  5. Matting method Commonly Used in Photoshop and Picture Character Beautification%Photoshop中常用的抠图方法及照片人物的美化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马书文

    2014-01-01

    Adobe公司推出的Photoshop图像处理软件,是目前世界上最优秀的图像编辑和处理软件之一,它不仅被广泛应用于艺术设计领域,还被广泛应用于摄影图像的处理领域。目前,越来越多的人热衷于用Photoshop来修饰照片,使照片中的人物更加完美。该文主要介绍了Photoshop中抠图的几种方法及其适用范围和对人物照片的美化两方面内容。%Photoshop image processing software developed by Adobe company, is one of the image editing and processing soft-ware is the best in the world at present, it is not only widely used in the field of art and design, processing is widely used in photo-graphic images. At present, more and more people are interested in using Photoshop to modify the picture, the figures in the pic-ture perfect. This paper introduces several methods in Photoshop matting and its applicable range and photo beautification two as-pects.

  6. 基于Android人脸美化App的研究与实现%Research and Implementation of Face Beautification App Based on Android

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳杰臣; 黄曜; 高珏; 许华虎

    2016-01-01

    随着智能手机的普及,数码照片的获取变得越来越容易。而社交媒体的盛行,使得大家对分享照片越发热衷。于是更美丽的自拍照就成了大众需求。文中先比较不同人脸检测方法的优缺点,利用肤色模型进行人脸检测,再利用多级中值滤波算法对皮肤进行光滑处理,在不破坏面部细节的情况下能有效减少皱纹和斑点。而利用之前人脸检测对脸部区域的分区,能够很好地对不同区域进行亮度的提升和减少,已达到在视觉上让五官更立体的效果。 OpenCV对Android平台的支持使得一个好用的图像美化App的实现变得更加容易。文中通过以上人脸美化的方法,编写了一个易用的Android App,可以简单获得一张自动美化过的自拍照。%By the spread of smart phones,digital photos can be gotten more and more easily. People is more and more eager to share pho-tos with the advent of social networking. Then the level-up selfie has become the public’ s demands. In this paper,the difference between different face detection methods is compared in advantages and disadvantages. The skin color model is used for human face detection,and then the multilevel median filtering algorithm is applied which can effectively reduce wrinkles and spots to smooth the skin in the situation which doesn’ t destroy the detail of face,use of the partition divided in the former face detection to enhance and reduce the brightness of different regions which want to achieve a goal that makes facial features more three-dimensional in the visual sense. The supporting of OpenCV for the Android platform makes a good face beautification App implementation easier. Through a method above,which beautifies person’ s face,can develop a convenient Android App which can make users obtain an beautiful selfie simply.

  7. 身体与身体美学--兼论身体写作与身体美化现象%Body and Somaestheties---On the Body Writing and Body Beautification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小娟

    2016-01-01

    The paper aims to discuss three issues:discipline athribution of body,the relationship between body and mind,and subjectivity of body.By the methods of literature review and interdisciplinary research,body is catogorized into the discipline of aesthetic in theory.The paper explains the relationship between body and mind and explores the possibility of establishing the body’s subjectivity.The investigatoin of body writing and body beautification reveals the embarrassing situation in which body is gradually losing its subjectinty in the consumption context.Consequently,reshaping body’s subjectivity,and body and mind’s being the sujectivity of each other can push the harmonious development of both.%为探讨身体的学科归属、身体与思维的关系以及身体的主体性问题,文中采用文献研究法与学科交叉的研究方法从理论层面将身体归入美学学科,阐述了身体与思维的关系,探索了身体的主体性建立的可能性。通过对实践层面的身体如身体写作、身体美化等现象的考察,揭示出身体在消费语境中主体性不断丧失尴尬处境,提出只有重塑身体的主体性,并与意识互为主体,才能推动二者的和谐发展。

  8. 基于CDIO模式在《企业网站制作与美化》中的研究与应用%Research and Application of CDIO Mode in Enterprise Website Production and Beautification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宇虹儒

    2014-01-01

    《企业网站制作与美化》课程是一门交叉性和综合性很强的学科,主要培养网站平面设计、网站管理、网站制作等方面人才。为了培养符合岗位要求的应用型人才,本文基于CDIO工程教育理念,重新设计教学模型,并在教学内容、实践环节等方面进行改革。使教学以学生为主体进行,充分体现“实践依托社会”的教学模式,从而改变学生的学习方式,提高教学质量,培养学生职业能力。%Enterprise Website Production and Beautification is a course of strong intersectionality and comprehensiveness, which cultivates talents in graphic design, website management, website design and other fields. Based on the CDIO project education, this paper redesigns the teaching model and reforms on the teaching content and practice in order to cultivate applied talents who meet the job requirements. Students are made as the main body in teaching, which fully embodies the "practice relying on society" teaching model, thus changing the students' way of learning, improving the quality of teaching, cultivating students' professional abilities.

  9. Skin beautification with oral non-hydrolized versions of carnosine and carcinine: Effective therapeutic management and cosmetic skincare solutions against oxidative glycation and free-radical production as a causal mechanism of diabetic complications and skin aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babizhayev, Mark A; Deyev, Anatoliy I; Savel'yeva, Ekaterina L; Lankin, Vadim Z; Yegorov, Yegor E

    2012-10-01

    the generation of the cross-linked radical cation and the radical counteranion of methylglyoxal. Under aerobic conditions, molecular oxygen can then accept an electron from the methylglyoxal anion to generate the superoxide radical anion causing the propagation of oxidative stress chain reactions in the presence of transition metal ions. Carnosine stabilized from enzymatic hydrolysis, carcinine and leucyl-histidylhydrazide in patented formulations thereof, demonstrate the Schiff bases' transglycating activities concomitant with glycation site specific antioxidant activities and protection of proprietary antioxidant enzymes in the skin during aging and with diabetes lesions. During oral supplementation with stabilized from enzymatic hydrolysis carnosine (Can-C Plus® formulation), the skin parameters investigated showed a continuous and significant improvement in the active group during the 3 months of supplementation as compared to placebo. Visual investigation showed improvement of the overall skin appearance and a reduction of fine lines. No treatment-related side effects were reported. The finding that already-formed AGE cross-links can be pharmacologically severed and attendant pathology thereby reversed by non-hydrolized carnosine or carcinine in patented oral formulations thereof has broad implications for the skin beautification and therapeutics of the complications of diabetes and skin diseases associated with aging. PMID:21756141

  10. Engaging Urban Students in a Schoolyard Beautification and Gardening Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramey, Linda

    2012-01-01

    Community gardening provides many benefits for students like outdoor physical activity, an understanding of plant life cycles, food production and healthy eating (Blair, 2009; Whiren, 1995). Gardening also provides hands-on learning opportunities to draw parallels between what is needed for plants to grow and what students need to be healthy. When…

  11. Development of community forest and re-beautification of land territory%发展乡镇林业再造秀美山川

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马正彪; 赵恒莲; 魏占森

    2000-01-01

    @@ 实施西部大开发是党中央面向新世纪作出的一项重大决策,在经济、政治和社会发展等各方面都具有十分重大的战略意义.动员西北地区各族人民,组织乡镇群体造林种草,治理生态环境,是打好西部开发第一仗,加快再造秀美山川建设的重要内容,现就强化乡镇林业建设谈点认识.

  12. Biological Activity of Coconut Oil:Weight Reducing and Beautification%椰子油的生理活性(Ⅳ):减肥与美容

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓煜; 邓福明; 赵松林; 陈卫军

    2013-01-01

    Coconut oil, known as the green beauty weight loss good products, is rich of medium-chain fatty acids: lauric acid, and more and more hot researches focus on it. It is not only good for healthy weight and loss and hair care, but also can moisturize the skin by internal or external use. This paper reviewed the research progresses about the coconut oil in terms of weight loss and beauty at home and abroad in recent years, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the application of coconut oil. Finally, we also made a further prospect for it.%椰子油由于富含中链脂肪酸月桂酸,内服外用皆可。可健康减重,护理头发,滋润皮肤,被誉为绿色的美容减肥圣品,相关研究愈加炙手可热。本文综述近年来国内外椰子油减肥与美容方面的研究进展,为椰子油在减肥与美容方面的应用提供理论依据,并对其进一步研究提出展望。

  13. An Analysis of the Effect of Yoga Breathing on Personal Beautification and Body Shape%试析瑜伽呼吸对美体美容的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敬英; 丁月兰

    2009-01-01

    本文重点阐述瑜伽呼吸对美体美容及强身减肥的影响.使瑜伽教练和渴望美容美体的人们,在教学和养生保健中,进一步认识瑜伽呼吸的重要性,以此形成教学和修炼的切入点,使更多人对瑜伽呼吸的良性效应有深刻的认识与理解,引起人们在教学与修炼中对瑜伽呼吸的高度重视,以此提高瑜伽教学和修炼的最佳效果.

  14. 基于直线平行垂直关系美化三维线框模型%Beautification of Wireframe Model of Three-Dimensional Objects Based on Parallel and Vertical Linear Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何波; 高满屯; 王淑侠

    2014-01-01

    针对计算机线图解释中直线间几何关系可能存在不准确,从而出现视觉表达问题的不足,研究了基于直线平行垂直关系美化三维线框模型方法。首先,计算正视投影空间中三维线框模型中棱线方向矢量并选择基准棱线;然后,采用直线间平行垂直约束对线框模型中出现几何错误的直线进行校正,重新选择已校正棱线为基准棱线重复上述操作;最后根据新的棱线参数确定三维线框模型顶点新坐标。通过算例结果表明,该方法能够有效地解决线框模型中出现的平行垂直几何问题,达到线框模型视觉上的美化。%In order to solve the problem that errors may exist in the geometrical interpretation of the relationship between the lines and thus result in the inadequacy in visual expression, a method is developed on parallel and vertical linear relationship for beautifying the wireframe model of three-dimensional objects. Firstly, the ridge direction vector of the three-dimensional wireframe models in the face projection space is calculated and a benchmark ridge is chosen;then geometric errors appearing in wireframe model are corrected by the parallel and vertical constraint of the linear relationship, the corrected ridge is reselected as the new benchmark and a repeatition of the operation is conducted. Finally, the new coordinates of the vertices of the three-dimensional wireframe models are calculated according to the new ridge parameter. The numerical example shows that the proposed methods can effectively solve the parallel and vertical geometric problems in the wireframe model to beautify the wireframe model.

  15. 羽衣甘蓝苗期低温控制反季节栽培技术%Technique of Low Temperature Treatment During Seedling Stage of Flower Kale for Turning Green Beautification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾兰虹; 张华艳; 李长海

    2005-01-01

    羽衣甘蓝具有较强的耐寒性,0℃~-3℃的自然低温是提早育苗变色的重要因素,利用自然低温控制处理既可表现出反季节观赏性,又可顺利通过夏季的高温而不抽苔,使原来的生长观赏期由5个月延长至11个月,从而使这一优良新种类在寒冷地区得到更有效应用.

  16. Ecological processes, remediation and regulation of contaminated soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Qixing; WANG Wenxiong

    2005-01-01

    @@ Land is used for agricultural production, industrial development, urban construction, and environmental beautification, thus soil environment is an important component of living ecosystems for human survival.

  17. Ecological processes, remediation and regulation of contaminated soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU; Qixing; WANG; Wenxiong

    2005-01-01

    Land is used for agricultural production, industrial development, urban construction, and environmental beautification, thus soil environment is an important component of living ecosystems for human survival.……

  18. Wastewater use: a new opportunity for the green economy. General overview

    OpenAIRE

    FONTANA K.A.; C. Fontana

    2016-01-01

    In the present article the use of recycled water is analyzed for use in irrigation to match increased pressure on natural water resources for agricultural production and city beautification. Scarcity of water is becoming a relevant issue in many areas of the world and need to be faced with new technologies and practices.

  19. Evaluation of Green Roof Plants and Materials for Semi-Arid Climates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract While green roof systems have proven to be highly effective in the evaporative cooling of buildings, reduction of roof top temperatures, protection of roof membranes from solar radiation degradation, reducing stormwater runoff, as well as beautification of the urban roo...

  20. 23 CFR 750.105 - Signs that may be permitted in protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION National Standards for Regulation by States of Outdoor Advertising Adjacent... phenomena, historic sites, areas of natural scenic beauty or naturally suited for outdoor recreation and... interest of the traveling public. For the purposes of the standards in this part, a trade name is deemed...

  1. Community Gardening, Neighborhood Meetings, and Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaimo, Katherine; Reischl, Thomas M.; Allen, Julie Ober

    2010-01-01

    This study examined associations between participation in community gardening/beautification projects and neighborhood meetings with perceptions of social capital at both the individual and neighborhood levels. Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional stratified random telephone survey conducted in Flint, Michigan (N=1916). Hierarchical linear…

  2. JPP: A Java Pre-Processor

    OpenAIRE

    Kiniry, Joseph R.; Cheong, Elaine

    1998-01-01

    The Java Pre-Processor, or JPP for short, is a parsing pre-processor for the Java programming language. Unlike its namesake (the C/C++ Pre-Processor, cpp), JPP provides functionality above and beyond simple textual substitution. JPP's capabilities include code beautification, code standard conformance checking, class and interface specification and testing, and documentation generation.

  3. Nail cosmetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina A Madnani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The nail as an anatomic structure protects the terminal phalanx of the digit from injury. Historically, it has served as a tool for protection and for survival. As civilizations developed, it attained the additional function of adornment. Nail beautification is a big industry today, with various nail cosmetics available, ranging from nail hardeners, polishes, extensions, artificial/sculpted nails, and nail decorations. Adverse events may occur either during the nail-grooming procedure or as a reaction to the individual components of the nail cosmetics. This holds true for both the client and the nail technician. Typically, any of the procedures involves several steps and a series of products. Separate "nail-bars" have been set up dedicated to serve women and men interested in nail beautification. This article attempts to comprehensively inform and educate the dermatologist on the services offered, the products used, and the possible/potential adverse effects related to nail-grooming and nail cosmetics.

  4. DEMAND DRIVERS FOR FRESH-CUT FLOWERS AND THEIR SUBSTITUTES: AN APPLICATION OF HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE ALLOCATION MODELS

    OpenAIRE

    Girapunthong, Napaporn; Ward, Ronald W

    2003-01-01

    Flowers are purchased for a variety of reasons ranging from expressions of love or sympathy to satisfying environmental and beautification goals. Unlike many foods where some of the attributes can be quantitatively measured such as grams of fat in meats and milligrams of cholesterol in fluid milk, these aesthetically pleasing products present an array of attributes that are closely tied to the buyers reasons for making the purchase. Clearly the attributes are fundamentally different since the...

  5. Embellir et dissuader : les politiques d'espaces publics à Paris

    OpenAIRE

    Fleury, Antoine; Froment-Meurice, Muriel

    2014-01-01

    International audience For two decades the ways of developing and regulating public spaces have been deeply renewed. But do they benefit all the city dwellers? Observing Paris' case, this paper displays how, in contradiction with the official goals of sharing space and mixing uses, public authorities valorize particular uses and privilege beautification, therefore defining who are the legitimate users. We also highlight how they establish at the same time specific rules to limit the approp...

  6. Effect of perceived Price, Brand Image, perceived Quality and Trust on Consumer’s buying Preferences

    OpenAIRE

    B. Afsar

    2014-01-01

    The study investigates the effect of factors such as perceived price, brand image, perceived quality and trust on consumers' evaluative judgments for beautification products. Results showed that brand image has positive and significant impact on consumer trust. Increase in perceived quality and trust depicted increase in a particular brand preference. Decrease in perceived price showed significant and positive impact on brand preference. This study measured the effect of brand image, price, q...

  7. Feasibility of an Experiential Community Garden and Nutrition Program for Youth Living in Public Housing:Exploring Outcomes from Youth, Parents and Site Leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Grier, Karissa Niphore

    2014-01-01

    Background: Community gardens have existed in America since the late 1800s and have served multiple purposes from food subsidies to neighborhood beautification. The use of community gardens has grown in popularity and has been recommended as a way to encourage healthy eating habits in youth. Though the health benefits of having a diet high in fruits and vegetables is well known, youth in the United States do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. Under-consumption of fruits ...

  8. 短文精选(之五) 绿色奥运、科技奥运、人文奥运

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Green Olympics- to achieve this goal, first priority will be given to environmental protection (EP) in the planning, designing and construction of Olympic venues and facilities and strict ecological environment standards and systematic supporting systems will be established. EP technologies and means will be extensively used in promoting, on a large scale and in various aspects, environmental treatment afforestation and beautification of urban and rural areas. We will raise the environmental awareness o...

  9. Book review: media and the rhetoric of body perfection: cosmetic surgery, weight loss and beauty in popular culture by Deborah Harris-Moore

    OpenAIRE

    Monson, Olivia

    2014-01-01

    Against the background of the so-called ‘obesity epidemic’, Media and the Rhetoric of Body Perfection critically examines the discourses of physical perfection that pervade Western societies, aiming to shed new light on the rhetorical forces behind body anxieties and extreme methods of weight loss and beautification. Drawing on interview material with cosmetic surgery patients and offering fresh analyses of various texts from popular culture, this book examines the ways in which the media cap...

  10. SKIN CARE IN AYURVEDA: A LITERARY REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar Sarvesh; Palbag Satadru; Maurya Santosh Kumar; Kumar Dileep

    2013-01-01

    Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals dates back to the Indus valley civilization and is being used in human society from ancient time. It is now gaining importance in the beautification and to cure the skin ailments. In last 3-4 decades the use of cosmetics has increased exponentially not only among female but also in male population and play an important role in the FMCG sector. In the ancient classical texts of Ayurveda there are several references of numerous medicinal plants and mode of applications ...

  11. VFT insulation coordination study of a 400 kV GIS

    OpenAIRE

    Olason, Daniel; Ebdrup, Thomas; Bak, Claus Leth; Silva, Filipe Faria Da

    2014-01-01

    In November 2008 the Danish government decided that all overhead lines below 400 kV should be replaced by underground cables. This is due to a demand of reducing the overall visibility of the transmission system, sometimes referred to as the beautification of the transmission system. The agreement furthermore included to reinforce some of the existing 400 kV transmission lines. This is due to both increasing wind penetration and power flow between Scandinavia, Germany and possible future conn...

  12. Green infrastructure: a natural systems approach to stormwater in the city

    OpenAIRE

    Nathaniel S. Cormier; Paulo Renato Mesquita Pellegrino

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents diverse typologies of urban open space designed as green infrastructure in the american cities of Seattle and Portland. In these cities of the Pacific Northwest, landscape design is viewed as much more than mere beautification of the urban environment, but as pieces of a high-performance infrastructure that protects and even improves urban hydrology, climate, and ecology. Green infrastructure is a landscape approach that creates a distinctive local landscape identity and a...

  13. Dealing with waste, thinking about individuals: A conceptual design to supporting China’s municipalities to reach their target on waste separation and recycling with a focus on the social aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Yin, Jiayi

    2011-01-01

    With the rapid economic growth, domestic living standard improvement and urban population increase in China, a tremendous amount of municipal solid waste is being generated everyday and is becoming one of the foremost issues of urban management. The planning and management of domestic waste is important to both the municipalities and the local community for a variety of reasons including environmental impact, financial cost, health and hygiene, city beautification, natural resource consumptio...

  14. POTENTIAL OF HERBS AS COSMACEUTICALS

    OpenAIRE

    Jain Amit; Dubey Subodh; Gupta Alka; Kannojia Pushpendra; Tomar Vivek

    2010-01-01

    Cosmetology, the science of alteration of appearance, has been practiced since primordial times. In India, the concept of using herbs for beautification finds its origin in traditional medicine literature like Ayurveda.The association between Ayurveda, anti-aging and cosmeceuticals is gaining importance in the beauty, health and wellness sector. Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals date back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Modern research trends mainly revolve around principles of anti-aging activity d...

  15. Genital male piercings

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea Tampa; Maria Isabela Sarbu; Alexandra Limbau; Monica Costescu; Vasile Benea; Simona Roxana Georgescu

    2015-01-01

    Body piercing has been practiced for thousands of years all over the world for beautification, religion, initiation rites or status reasons. Genital piercings also have a significant background and have been practiced for enhancing sexual pleasure, chastity, shocking or as a protest against a conservative society. As the popularity of genital piercings increased in the last years, the number of complications is also on the rise. It is therefore important for the medical professionals to have ...

  16. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  17. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  18. Formulation and evaluation of medicated lipstick of allantoin

    OpenAIRE

    Shaikh Saba; Bhise Kiran

    2008-01-01

    Cosmetics are incredible in demand since historical time till day. Lipstick formulations are most widely used to enhance the beauty of lips and to add glamor′s touch to the makeup. It is difficult to apply lipsticks to the dried, chafed, chapped, cracked lips with sores and lesions. In such cases, one can use medicated lipsticks for the purpose of curing topical infections and beautification of lips. With this aim and objectives, an attempt was made to formulate medicated lipstick by u...

  19. Gummy Smile Correction with Diode Laser: Two Case Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, Mahesh; Laju, S; Erali, Susil M; Erali, Sunil M; Fathima, Al Zainab; Gopinath, P V

    2015-01-01

    Beautification of smiles is becoming an everyday requirement in dental practice. Apart from teeth, gingiva also plays an important role in smile esthetics. Excessive visualization of gingiva is a common complaint among patients seeking esthetic treatment. A wide variety of procedures are available for correction of excessive gum display based on the cause of the condition. Soft tissue diode laser contouring of gingiva is a common procedure that can be undertaken in a routine dental setting with excellent patient satisfaction and minimal post-operative sequale. Two cases of esthetic crown lengthening with diode laser 810 nm are presented here. PMID:26668491

  20. Rhinoplasty and its effects on the perception of beauty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinski, Hernan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Experts on nasal cosmetics and nasal surgery agree that aesthetic rhinoplasty leads to overall facial beautification and the perception of youth in patients. This "assumed truth" has never been proven in the international literature. Aim: To examine increases in facial attractiveness ratings after rhinoplasty surgery. Methods: We conducted a study series by choosing 30 female patients on whom we had operated and 25 evaluators in a single blind trial. The evaluators graded the patients' attractiveness before and after surgery. Results: Beauty indices were significantly improved after the operation. Conclusion: According to the third-party evaluation, the patients appeared prettier after undergoing aesthetic rhinoplasty.

  1. Green infrastructure: a natural systems approach to stormwater in the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathaniel S. Cormier

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents diverse typologies of urban open space designed as green infrastructure in the american cities of Seattle and Portland. In these cities of the Pacific Northwest, landscape design is viewed as much more than mere beautification of the urban environment, but as pieces of a high-performance infrastructure that protects and even improves urban hydrology, climate, and ecology. Green infrastructure is a landscape approach that creates a distinctive local landscape identity and a more sustainable urban environment.

  2. Effect of perceived Price, Brand Image, perceived Quality and Trust on Consumer’s buying Preferences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Afsar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study investigates the effect of factors such as perceived price, brand image, perceived quality and trust on consumers' evaluative judgments for beautification products. Results showed that brand image has positive and significant impact on consumer trust. Increase in perceived quality and trust depicted increase in a particular brand preference. Decrease in perceived price showed significant and positive impact on brand preference. This study measured the effect of brand image, price, quality and consumer trust information on how individuals subjectively evaluate a brand.

  3. Genital male piercings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Tampa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Body piercing has been practiced for thousands of years all over the world for beautification, religion, initiation rites or status reasons. Genital piercings also have a significant background and have been practiced for enhancing sexual pleasure, chastity, shocking or as a protest against a conservative society. As the popularity of genital piercings increased in the last years, the number of complications is also on the rise. It is therefore important for the medical professionals to have at least basic knowledge regarding this practice, as it might be required in the management of unpredictable complications.

  4. Practice and Use of Tree Species in Urban Forestry in Thailand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHUDCHAWANSutthisrisilapa

    2005-01-01

    Urban forestry is now increasingly practiced in Thailand. This has gained impetus because of gradual deterioration of visual amenity and environmental quality in many of the rapidly developing urban centers. Various urban beautification programs are being implemented to rehabilitate blighted landscape,polluted atmosphere and deteriorating weather conditions, as well as to maintain a clean, healthy and pleasant environment so as to ensure a better quality of life. Planting of suitable trees for shade, climatic amelioration and aesthetic values form the principal activity under these beautification programs. It is regarded as not only an important component of socio-economic development but also contributive to the restoration of the urban ecosystem. The responsibility of the implementation of most of these programs falls to the Bangkok Metropolitan, Administration, Provincial and District Municipalities. The Royal Forest Department plays the supporting role of supplying seedlings of the species required for planting and providing technical advice on the growing of these trees. In this paper tree species commonly planted in urban and populated areas in Thailand are identified. It is envisaged that with the vast amount of flora available in Thailand and through the integrated efforts of all agencies involved, this program will achieve the target of beautifying the cities and towns of Thailand.

  5. Generation of a plan for the implementation of INTE/ISO IEC 17025 in a paint industry and modification of a quality manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A diagnosis to the integrated management system and quality control laboratories is done in a paint industry. The administrative aspects related with the documentation are evaluated: procedures, instructions, records, processes of sampling, testing, for possible accreditation of some methods of analysis under the norm ISO/IEC 17025 representing an opportunity for growth and improvement in labs. The laboratories of the paint industry have analyzed a number of materials such as products for the various stages of construction and beautification of homes, buildings and other, as well as evaluation of the requirements established by international standards to demonstrate competence regarding these. The feasibility of implementing the standard is visualized, solving the disagreements that have been found during the evaluation period. The impact of the perception of quality is determined by the direction, the need for investment in resources, training and equipment. (author)

  6. Greenspace planning and management in Klang Valley, Peninsular Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdul Aziz, Nor Akmar Binti; Konijnendijk, Cecil Cornelis; Sreetheran, M.;

    2011-01-01

    , document analysis, and expert interviews with municipal officers in the selected cities. Results show the greenspace discourse in Malaysia has shifted its focus from one dominated by beautification to one concentrated on regarding greenspace as an essential part of the urban infrastructure. In spite......In rapidly developing countries such as Malaysia, the importance of urban greenspaces is recognized, but due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, maintaining and developing greenspace is a major challenge. This paper analyzes the status of urban greenspace policy, planning, and management...... in Malaysia. For this purpose, information was collected about urban greenspaces and their governance, planning, and management, both at the national level and in six representative case cities in the most urbanized part of Malaysia, the Klang Valley. Data was compiled by means of a literature review...

  7. Research of Endemic Species in Xinxiang University%新乡学院特有树种探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段艳红; 李顺杰; 朱万祥

    2015-01-01

    After several years of planting and landscape design, Xinxiang University had some endemic tree species, which were great importance in the botanical garden afforestation and beautification effect. The characteristics and functions of endemic species in Xinxiang University were studied, which could provide some references for other colleges and universities of landscape design.%经过几年的园林种植和设计,新乡学院已经拥有了一些特有树种,它们在园林绿化和美化中有着极重要的作用。对新乡学院特有树种的特性及作用进行了探究,为其他高校的园林设计提供了借鉴。

  8. SKIN CARE IN AYURVEDA: A LITERARY REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Sarvesh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals dates back to the Indus valley civilization and is being used in human society from ancient time. It is now gaining importance in the beautification and to cure the skin ailments. In last 3-4 decades the use of cosmetics has increased exponentially not only among female but also in male population and play an important role in the FMCG sector. In the ancient classical texts of Ayurveda there are several references of numerous medicinal plants and mode of applications of their processed formulation for enhancing complexion, treating acne, treating dark patches, curing boils and carbuncles, etc. Consideration in this field can be helpful in making the herbs more acceptable, precious, life saving and economy promoter for the mankind. This review made a humble effort to make a monograph of ayurvedic plants that were mentioned by ayurvedic luminaries in the field of skincare.

  9. URBAN GREEN SPACES – BASIC ELEMENTS IN SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. CASE STUDY: THE CITY OF CLUJ NAPOCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FLORINA COZEA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Urban green spaces- basic elements in sustainable tourism and urban development. Due to their multiple functions within the cities: landscape function, aesthetical, sanitary, utilitary, economic, protection, educational, scientific and social function, green spaces need to be extended, arranged and valorized in the most efficient ways. An average value of the green space surface per invididual has been established. Sustainable urban development involves the execution of works on lands, premises and buildings, as well as the adoption of social measures for the psychical and psychological confort of the population and for a rational development and arrangement of urban areas. The tourism potential of urban green space derives from the valorization of its biological and aesthetical function, the harmonisation and beautification of urban architectural complexes as well as from its specific urbanism elements.

  10. 中国人的味觉忧思——人类学视野下的《舌尖上的中国》%The Blue Taste of Chinese: A Bite of China viewed from the perspective of Anthropology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斯

    2012-01-01

    《舌尖上的中国》是近期国内热播的一部关于中华饮食文化的纪录片。其意义不仅在于表现美食带给人们的感官体验,借以讲述的食物背后的人情故事更耐人寻味。在制作理念和语言表述上,其与国外优秀的食物影像志尚有距离,“过分美化、求真不足”是它引来争议的原因之一。这些争议恰恰鞭策国人反思不健康的饮食方式,主要原因在于国民饮食教育的缺失。%A Bite of China, a recent hit in China, is a series documentary on Chinese food culture. It is not only intended to show the pleasant experience behind the food. In terms of production and brought by delicacies, but also to highlight the impressive stories language delivery, there is still a gap between the documentary and the food video recordings overseas. This triggers some controversy where cient truth are blamed. However, this controversy can push Chinese people to of diet caused mainly by the absence of food education. over-beautification and insuffi- reconsider their unhealthy way

  11. 我国采掘业环境会计信息披露问题探析%A Study on Environmental Accounting Information Disclosure about Listed Companies of Extractive Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟娟

    2012-01-01

    采掘业是国家重度污染行业之一,环境会计信息披露与采掘业企业的效益和可持续发展是息息相关的,所以企业应更积极的进行环境信息披露,从而有利于美化企业形象并使信息使用者做出正确的决策.文章以我国采掘业上市公司为例,通过分析上市公司环境会计信息披露的现状,揭示信息披露中存在的问题并提出了促进其发展的对策建议.%Extractive industry is one of heavy-polluting industries in China, environmental accounting information disclosure is closely related to the benefits of extractive industries and sustainable development of enterprises, therefore, enterprises should be more proactive disclosure of environmental information, that contribute to the beautification of corporate image and make the information user to make the right decisions.In this paper, Citing examples of listed companies of the extractive industries in China, we reveal to problems which exist in information the disclosure of corporate environmental accounting and put forward their views by analyzing the status of environmental accounting information disclosure of listed companies.

  12. POTENTIAL OF HERBS AS COSMACEUTICALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Amit

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cosmetology, the science of alteration of appearance, has been practiced since primordial times. In India, the concept of using herbs for beautification finds its origin in traditional medicine literature like Ayurveda.The association between Ayurveda, anti-aging and cosmeceuticals is gaining importance in the beauty, health and wellness sector. Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals date back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Modern research trends mainly revolve around principles of anti-aging activity described in Ayurveda.Most herbal supplements are based on, or include, several botanical ingredients with long histories of traditional or folk medicine usage. Among the numerous botanical ingredients available on the market today, several are believed to confer dermatologic benefits. This article will focus on a select group of botanical compounds, many of which have long traditions in Asian medicine, with potential or exhibited dermatologic applications, including curcumin, Ginkgo biloba, ginseng, silymarin, soy, and tea tree oil. Other botanical agents, such as arnica, bromelain, chamomile, pomegranate, caffeine, green tea, licorice, and resveratrol, are also briefly considered.

  13. An Overview on the Functions of Excel 2007%Excel 2007的实用功能概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2015-01-01

    Microsoft office Excel 2007是微软公司在2006年底推出的,是办公自动化系列套装软件Microsoft office 2007下的一个独立产品。本文将对其常用的一些基本功能进行概括与介绍,如表格美化、数据处理、数据的管理与分析、常用的公式与函数等,以及针对Excel 2007的新增功能进行简要介绍,希望能对软件初学者和对此感兴趣的相关人员起到概念性的帮助作用。%Microsoft Office Excel 2007 is an independent product of office automation software package Microsoft Office 2007 launched by Microsoft Company at the end of 2006. This article summarized and introduced its common functions, such as form beautification, data processing, data management and analysis, common formula and function, and some new features of Excel 2007, so as to help the beginners and related personnels.

  14. Socio-Psychological Impact of Outdoor Sculptures in Nigeria Urban Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Francis Ebunola Oladugbagbe

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available One major element that finds expression at road intersections, parks, gardens, square and open spaces in the urban landscape are outdoor sculptures. Of great significance is the historical information they disseminate, the visual impressions they convey and the aesthetic value they add to the quality of the city. From 1960s and after the civil war, the uses of sculptures for embellishments in public places have increased tremendously in Nigeria. However, outdoor sculpture for the purpose of recreation and relaxation in our built environment has not been adequately addressed scholastically in Nigeria. This paper, therefore, focuses on the social values derivable from the use of sculpture in urban design and the losses that could accrue to the social system if not adequately managed. The values of these sculptures to the socio-psychological development of Nigerians and the beautification of the urban environment are equally emphasized. The study shows that incorporating sculptures into public places without doubt will heighten public appreciation and aesthetic perception and make Nigerian cities unique and vibrant.

  15. Formulation and evaluation of medicated lipstick of allantoin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaikh Saba

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmetics are incredible in demand since historical time till day. Lipstick formulations are most widely used to enhance the beauty of lips and to add glamor′s touch to the makeup. It is difficult to apply lipsticks to the dried, chafed, chapped, cracked lips with sores and lesions. In such cases, one can use medicated lipsticks for the purpose of curing topical infections and beautification of lips. With this aim and objectives, an attempt was made to formulate medicated lipstick by using cow ghee and honey as natural excipients that substituted synthetic ingredients like isopropyl myristate, lanolin, cetyl alcohol, and castor oil. Allantoin was selected a model drug for the local action on lips. In vitro evaluation was done on bovine lip membrane, and the data suggested that the drug remained on the membrane only and did not diffuse through the membrane in diffusion studies for 8 h. After 8 h, 0.16% drug release was observed till 12 h. Thus, allantoin can remain topically on lips for 8 h without showing any systemic effects. The lipsticks were evaluated for their organoleptic properties such as spreading, covering property, hardness, shine, and gloss and found to be satisfactory product to give attractive beauty with therapeutic effect on the diseased lips. Thus, the medicated lipsticks with the natural ingredients like cow ghee and honey can serve as economical and effective cosmoseutical product.

  16. Application Analysis on Flower Border in Residential District Project --Nanjing city as an example%花境规划在南京市居住区的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱多

    2011-01-01

    分析了目前我国花境规划的特点与现状,从规划原则、景观塑造、意境挖掘等方面探讨了南京市居住区的花境规划,进而对目前花境规划进行了研究。%Flower border is an important form in the plant landscape design. Generally flower border is with the background of the grove,green hedge, short wall or building etc, to produce a different curve or straight lines flower belt according to the different characteristics. Residential flower border landscaping is an im portant part of greenbelt planning. It excavates the essence of history culture and the colored cultural connotation through the afforestation,the sweetening,the coloring,and the beautification. It can make the resident satisfied. The article means to study flower border at present based on analysis of flower bourdary plan in Nanjing.

  17. Beauty and healing: examining sociocultural expectations of the embodied goddess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Jin-Tsann; Lin, Chyong-Ling

    2013-03-01

    Studies indicate mental health improvement can occur via religious communities offering social support and other resources. Many people from many cultures regard medicine as a supernatural or magical treatment that can somehow lead to a better state of living. In medical advertising, female role portrayal involves the blending of beauty, ritual and attractiveness in combination with the best product image. A Chinese saying suggests that, "A girl will doll herself up for him who loves her." Female role attraction is a very important ethical subject in gender issues. Moving forward in time, female role visualization and consumption in medical advertising reveal depictions that encouraged women to do some self-searching and find, or develop, inner strength. This study is designed to examine female role portrayals in a restricted patriarchal society. The results indicate that the ideology of motherhood is an accepted social orientation that the public readily identifies with. Results further indicate that beautification through medical products incorporates an emotional element of religious healing and that the objectification of beauty in the media reveals a possible neglect of women's internal beauty. PMID:21360223

  18. The characteristics of aesthetic education%浅析美育的特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘照阁

    2015-01-01

    美育是从审美角度,通过运用艺术美、自然美和社会美来培养学生的审美观,美育也是素质教育不可或缺的重要内容。美育教育的出发点是丰富、陶冶及美化学生的内心世界,促使其自觉提高自控能力及学习能力。所以,本文就美育的特点进行简单阐述。%Aesthetic education from the aesthetic Angle, through the use of artistic beauty, natural beauty and social beauty to cultivate the students' aesthetic, aesthetic education is the indispensable important content of quality education. The starting point of aesthetics education is rich, mellow and the beautification of the students' inner world, prompting them to consciously improve self-control ability and learning ability. So, in this paper, the characteristics of aesthetic education are discussed.

  19. 云杉在保定市区内生长适应性调查研究%Investigation of spruce growth adaptability to Baoding urban district surroundings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯云华; 卢艳; 崔叶红

    2012-01-01

    In order to enrich the Baoding City landscape construction and provide theoretical basis for its landscape design, a long-term investigation on the spruce growth adaptability to the plantation in Baoding urban district park, roads, and courtyard has been conducted. The results show that spruce is growing well in the surroundings in hills, flat land, fertile soil with well aeration and drainage of Baoding City, with beautiful shape and good leafiness, which can be well used for city beautification by urban landscape construction and garden greening.%为了丰富保定市区园林绿化建设、给保定市园林绿化设计提供依据,对市区内公园、道路、庭院等地方栽植的云杉进行了生长适应性调查研究.结果表明,云杉在高坡、平地、土壤肥沃、通透、排水好等的环境条件下,长势好,树形美观,枝叶茂盛,有着较好的园林造景、绿化和美化功能.

  20. Optimal tree design for daylighting in residential buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hongbing, Wang [College of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, 35, East Qinghua Rd., Beijing (China); Shanghai Botanical Garden, 1111, Longwu Rd., Shanghai (China); Jun, Qin; Yonghong, Hu [Shanghai Botanical Garden, 1111, Longwu Rd., Shanghai (China); Li, Dong [College of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, 35, East Qinghua Rd., Beijing (China)

    2010-12-15

    Urban reforestation is advocated as an efficient countermeasure to the intensification of urban heat islands. The greening and beautification of residential quarters is one of the main concerns of residents, while lighting and ventilation are two main energy-consuming building services. Hence, the tree layout in green space between buildings is important, and it is necessary to determine the relationships between trees and buildings. This study takes Shanghai as a case study to optimize tree design between residential buildings and meet good daylighting requirements. Models were made using software such as AutoCAD and SketchUp. The relationships between maximum tree height and building separation were determined. For the same building layout, there were different tree height limits according to crown shape; the order of decreasing height limits was cylindrical, conical, spherical, and inverted conical crowns. Three cases having different green space between building layouts were studied. Their maximum tree heights differed. Overall, our model helps us realize good daylighting of a building environment. The formula allows us to determine which trees to plant between buildings in that we can predict the effects of future tree growth on building daylighting. (author)

  1. Community Lenses Revealing the Role of Sociocultural Environment on Physical Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belon, Ana Paula; Nieuwendyk, Laura M.; Vallianatos, Helen; Nykiforuk, Candace I. J.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To identify perceptions of how sociocultural environment enabled and hindered physical activity (PA) participation. Design Community-based participatory research. Setting Two semirural and two urban communities located in Alberta, Canada. Participants Thirty-five people (74.3% females, 71.4% aged 25–64 years) across the four communities. Method PhotoVoice activities occurred over 3 months during the spring of 2009. Participants were asked to document perceived environmental attributes that might foster or inhibit PA in their community. Photographs and narratives were shared in one-on-one interviews. Line-by-line coding of the transcripts was independently conducted by two researchers using an inductive approach. Codes were arranged into themes and subthemes, which were then organized into the Analysis Grid for Environments Linked to Obesity (ANGELO) framework. Results Six main themes (accompanied by subthemes) emerged: sociocultural aesthetics, safety, social involvement, PA motivation, cultural ideas of recreation, and car culture. Representative quotes and photographs illustrate enablers and obstacles identified by participants. Conclusion This PhotoVoice study revealed how aspects of participants’ sociocultural environments shaped their decisions to be physically active. Providing more PA resources is only one step in the promotion of supportive environments. Strategies should also account for the beautification and maintenance of communities, increasing feelings of safety, enhancement of social support among community members, popularization of PA, and mitigating car culture, among others. PMID:25973966

  2. The designing of afforestation model on the road segment from Yiershi to Aershan of the S203 line%省道203线伊尔施至阿尔山段营造林模式设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶桂云; 石慧; 赵田义

    2012-01-01

    针对内蒙古自治区省道203线伊尔施至阿尔山段道路自然环境、交通旅游环境及立地条件进行了调查研究和分析,形成该路段绿色走廊营造林模式设计指导思想与原则,总结出代表大兴安岭寒温带地区的道路绿化美化营造林模式,为绿色通道工程等生态环境建设提供可靠技术支撑。%The natural environment, transportation and tour environment and ground terms of the road segment from Yiershi to Aershan of the S203 Line in Inner Mongolia have been researched and analyzed. It was formed that the guide thought and principle of afforestation model in the green hallway ,and the afforostation and beautification models that can represent the cold temperate zone in the Great Xingean Mountains were summarized, provided the dependable theo- ries and technique support for ecological environment construction such as the green passage engineering etc.

  3. Social responsibility of the architect under the vision of professional ethics%职业伦理视野下建筑师的社会责任

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴秋思

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,taking the analysis of two popular cultural events in the field of architecture current as an entry point,the author gives a deep thought on the social responsibility of the local architects.Through the rational analysis based on the architect of professional ethics,the thesis gives a interpretation about the social responsibility of the architect from four aspects: become creators for city beautification movement,the person promoting sustainable development of environmental awareness,disseminators for architectural and cultural knowledge and social workers for the national economy and people's livelihood.%以当前建筑界两个热门的文化事件为切入点,对本土建筑师的社会责任进行了深刻反思。通过对建筑师职业伦理的理性分析,从成为城市美化运动的创造者、可持续人居环境意识的推动者、建筑文化知识的传播者、国计民生的社会工作者4个方面对建筑师的社会责任做了诠释。

  4. 汾河太原城区治理南延伸段渗流特性试验研究%Experiments of Infiltration Characteristics of the Southern Extension of Fenhe in Taiyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高恩恩

    2011-01-01

    汾河太原城区段治理美化二期南延伸段,由南内环桥向南延伸3.7 km。试验时为原始河道,土质为细沙土,部分为回填土。试验应用双套环法测试土层的饱和导水率,确定土层的入渗特性。并建立入渗特性与颗粒级配之间的对应关系,为工程设计提供可靠的试验数据,同时对工程的施工与管理运行具有重要的指导意义。%The second phase of beautification of the section of Fenhe in Taiyuan extends from Nanneihuan Bridge for 3.7 kilometers.In the experimental part,the river is original,with fine sands and some backfills.Double-ring testing is used to test the saturated hydraulic conductivity of the soil,determine the infiltration characteristics and construct a relation between infiltration and grading particles,which may provide reliable experimental data for construction design and may be of guiding importance for the construction and management.

  5. Plant Configuration of Small Garden in Urban Community%城市居住区小游园植物配置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧书; 刘玉伟

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of economy,people's living standard and the quality of life have also improved and in-creased,environmental beautification and construction is the concentrated reflection to meet the needs of people for the spiritual life.Small garden provides entertainment and leisure place for residents.Plant configuration of small garden considers plant eco-logical habits and other factors in detail, which contributes to landscape and beautify the residential appearance.%随着人们物质水平的提高,精神生活的要求也越来越高,而环境的美化与建设也就是满足人们对精神生活的需求的集中体现.小游园方便了人们生活、为居民提供了娱乐休闲的场所.游园植物配置详尽考虑植物生态习性等因素,在利于植物茁壮生长的基础上组织成景观,美化居住区的面貌.

  6. Study on the reason and emotion of color purity based on bedroom wall decorative material%基于卧室墙面装饰材料探究色彩纯度的理与情

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董景波; 谭向东

    2016-01-01

    The paper starts from the people on the bedroom wall decorative material selection,production,design point of view with the material color purity as the breakthrough point,and by exploring on natural color purity,painting color purity and digital color purity expatiates the source and way expressing from the reason and emotion on the color purity of bedroom wall decorative material. It emphasizes that in the social work of home beautification object-human and human-human are reason and emotion from an indivisible whole.%从人们对卧室墙面装饰材料选择、生产、设计的角度出发,以材料色彩纯度层面研究为切入点,通过对自然色彩纯度、绘画色彩纯度、数字色彩纯度的探究,提出卧室墙面装饰材料色彩纯度理对情表达的根源与途径,并强调在家居美化的社会劳动中,物与人以及人与人是理与情的整体不可分割的关系。

  7. Digital prototyping technique applied for redesigning plastic products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop, A.; Andrei, A.

    2015-11-01

    After products are on the market for some time, they often need to be redesigned to meet new market requirements. New products are generally derived from similar but outdated products. Redesigning a product is an important part of the production and development process. The purpose of this paper is to show that using modern technology, like Digital Prototyping in industry is an effective way to produce new products. This paper tries to demonstrate and highlight the effectiveness of the concept of Digital Prototyping, both to reduce the design time of a new product, but also the costs required for implementing this step. The results of this paper show that using Digital Prototyping techniques in designing a new product from an existing one available on the market mould offers a significantly manufacturing time and cost reduction. The ability to simulate and test a new product with modern CAD-CAM programs in all aspects of production (designing of the 3D model, simulation of the structural resistance, analysis of the injection process and beautification) offers a helpful tool for engineers. The whole process can be realised by one skilled engineer very fast and effective.

  8. Interaction between public enterprises and foreign institutions in the improvement of territories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergienko Vitaly, Yu.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Beautification problems of urban areas are crucial and urgent issues of modern urban planning and image of the region as they provide vision and social objectives of creating a favorable living environment to ensure the most favorable conditions for activities of the population. The level of Buildings - one of the indicators of the living environment quality of the population and purposeful activity on formation of supportive and comfortable living environment of the population is the essence of the state of urban policy. This paper discusses the interaction of public enterprises with foreign institutions in the process of improvement of the region as a factor of improvement and modernization of its infrastructure with the aim of finding effective and constructive balance of interests. The mechanism of interaction of public enterprises with the business community, external institutions, and not commercial organizations in the creation of image region is considered. To optimize the social and economic processes in the field of improvement of urban areas and improve the effectiveness of local governments a systematic approach is required for the territory development as much as possible taking into account the specialization of its unique resource and market potential, as well as the joint efforts of various communities, which are the essential importance of social strata of the population.

  9. Pb Accumulative Characteristics of Several Lead Accumulation of Ornamental Asteraceae%几种菊科花卉植物对铅的富集特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔爽; 刘艺芸; 单新宇; 王佳华

    2014-01-01

    To study the environmental Pb toxicity , decontamination and beautification , a pot-experiment was conducted with three ornamental flowering plants to determine their Pb-absorption properties .The results showed that Helianthus annuus L .had a greater capability of accumulating Pb in shoots and roots than either Zinniaelegans Jacq or Gozania splendens .H .annuus L .andZ .elegans Jacq exhibited strong endurance to high concentration of Pb ,and were considered to be potentially applicable for soil decontamination and proper maintenance .%为寻找铅污染土壤净化和景观化材料,采用盆栽方法,研究3种菊科观赏花卉在铅污染条件下对铅的富集特征。结果表明3种花卉中观赏向日葵地上部和根部吸收富集铅的含量最大,积累铅能力最强,其次为百日草,勋章菊吸收积累铅能力最弱。在Pb浓度为1000 mg · kg -1时,观赏向日葵和百日草耐性较强,可用作铅污染土壤的稳定修复植物。

  10. Detection of highly toxic elements (lead and chromium) in commercially available eyeliner (kohl) using laser induced break down spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondal, M. A.; Dastageer, M. A.; Al-Adel, F. F.; Naqvi, A. A.; Habibullah, Y. B.

    2015-12-01

    A sensitive laser induced breakdown spectroscopic system was developed and optimized for using it as a sensor for the detection of trace levels of lead and chromium present in the cosmetic eyeliner (kohl) of different price ranges (brands) available in the local market. Kohl is widely used in developing countries for babies as well adults for beautification as well eyes protection. The atomic transition lines at 405.7 nm and 425.4 nm were used as the marker lines for the detection of lead and chromium respectively. The detection system was optimized by finding the appropriate gate delay between the laser excitation and the data acquisition system and also by achieving optically thin plasma near the target by establishing the local thermodynamic equilibrium condition. The detection system was calibrated for these two hazardous elements and the kohl samples under investigation showed 8-15 ppm by mass of lead and 4-9 ppm by mass of Chromium, which are higher than the safe permissible levels of these elements. The limits of detection of the LIBS system for lead and chromium were found to be 1 and 2 ppm respectively.

  11. 2016 textile listed companies operation of the first quarter of industry development has improved, the growth rate continued to rise%行业发展有所好转业绩增速持续回升--2016年一季度纺织上市公司运行分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    小马哥

    2016-01-01

    The textile industry is a traditional pillar industry in China, and an important livelihood industry and create new advantages of the internationalization of the industry,which is also the integration of technology and fashion industry. The textile industry in the beautification of people's life and the development of related industries, stimulating domestic demands, the construction of ecological civilization, and enhance cultural self-confidence, plays an important role in promoting social harmony. The current the textile industry is facing two major challenges directly, on the one hand from the change of market environment and market demand is weakening, on the other hand, from the cost increase,there are “eight high”,such as transaction costs, taxes, labor, land, capital, energy, material flow and exchange rate of enterprise production cost. The deeper chalenge is: after years of rapid development on Chinese textile industry ,it is difficult to continue with the comparative advantage and the advantage of "investment" and "export oriented" development mode, the textile industry must enter the market orientation, structural adjustment, innovation driven and green development of the new stage, they need to find new energy industry development.

  12. 现代英语广告中委婉语的语用功能及应用%On the Pragmatic Function and Application of English Euphemism in Modern Advertisement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵东平

    2011-01-01

    委婉语是广告中常采用的一种文体。广告心理学研究表明,委婉语在广告行为中因其避讳、礼貌、美化和幽默的语用功能,可使广告获得简洁、得体和诙谐的语用效果,让受众容易记住并影响其购买行为,以达到广告的商业目的。%Euphemism is a common style in advertising.The advertising psychology indicates that with the euphemism's taboo,polite,beautification and humorous pragmatic functions in advertising,an advertisement may obtain concise,decent and witty pragmatic effect so that it can be easily remembered by the audience and make a good effect on their consumption.Thus,the commercial purpose can be achieved by using Euphemism in advertising.

  13. City’s lost jewel. History of Cracow’a All Saints church till the end of XVI century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Walczak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the oldest churches in Krakow, dedicated to All Saints, was situated between Grodzka and Franciszkańska Street. It was build in the XIII century, could had been replacement church for first Cracow’s parish, which was transferred from Saint Trinity church. The name of All Saints church was mentioned for the first time in Vita S. Stanislai. The second time in 1278 his rector Arnold was noted. Most interesting fact is that in the Tables of Pence from 1325–1327 you can find two rectors, who had separate salary and were called rectors of wooden and brick churches. In 1490 church got a collegiate title. Than double rectory was liquidated and positions of provost and dean were established. Church was a place where Brotherhood of the Poor created by Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki used to work. Our knowledge of churches looks comes from iconography which was made when the building was already a ruin. According to those sources church had two naves, was oriented and had simply completed presbytery. The building had adhered tower, sacristy, treasure and chapel, called capella antiqua. Description of the interior of the church comes from 1599, when Jerzy Radziwiłł, Bishop of Cracow had visited it. According to the decision of the City Beautification Committee, the church was demolished in 1835, and church’s equipment was sold on auction. The tower survived till 1840, when it shared the fate of the rest of the building.

  14. Analyzing of urban green spaces development process with emphasis on sustainable principles (Case study: Mashhad metropolitan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Ebrahimpour

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban green spaces are an important element in structure of cities. From these spaces can be named as the urban breathing lungs that they have various functions such as: City beautification, environmental modulators and leisure. Public land uses in many cities especially urban green spaces aren’t successful due to some factors such as: high population density, imbalance in land use location, neglect to redial access for providing services and etc. Today, it isn’t enough that we increase service centers also effort to achieve the standard and urban per capita because it is possible that all citizen haven’t appropriate access to land use (parks & urban green space due to imbalance of their location. Due to urbanism phenomenon grow sharply, so analyzing of appropriate location and its geographical distribution is very useful in development and future of cities. In this research has been studied urban green space development process. This study is applied and the research method is" descriptive – analytical". Also data collected is documents. The findings show, the process of green space growth is well but don’t adapt with global standards. So, should be attempted in this issue

  15. 如何做好花卉种子销售%Measures to Sell Flower Seeds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红

    2013-01-01

    With the economic development and social progress, people's demand for environmental beautification is rising, the flower industry has become a new industry, which led to the sharp increase in the amount of flower seeds. The competition in flower seed market is increasingly fierce. only by upholding the integrity of management, strengthening the quality of management, improving service levels, establishing brand awareness, can seed sales enterprises win the market and customers, to ensure the long -term development of the enterprises.%  随着经济发展和社会进步,人们对环境美化绿化的需求不断提升,花卉业已经成为一个新兴产业,从而带动花卉种子用量剧增。花卉种子市场从弱到强,从小到大,市场竞争日渐激烈。种子销售企业只有坚持诚信经营,不断强化质量管理,提高服务水平,树立品牌意识,才能赢得市场,赢得客户,确保企业长发展。

  16. 糖尿病胰岛素泵治疗患者对护理美学需求的质性研究%Quality study of the demand of diabetes patients receiving insulin pump treatment for nursing esthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁文华; 高国贞; 陈莉; 王玉珊

    2012-01-01

    Objective To discuss the specific demand of diabetic patients receiviug insulin pump treatment for nursing esthetics,in order to provide reference information for further enhancing the compliance of diabetic patients receiving insulin pump treatment.Methods Quality study as well as non-structural depth interview and observation were used to gather materials from 13 diabetic patients,and the data was analyzed with content analytic method.Results The demand of diabetes patients receiving insulin pump treatment for nursing esthetics included the basic nursing esthetics service and the nursing esthetics service specialized in diabetic insulin pump treatment,all of which could be realized through such efforts as the language therapy and the psychological support therapy,using esthetics exaggeration effect to create a happy atmosphere in a hospital ward environment,and through the beautification of environment or nursing operational esthetics.Conclusions In view of such demand,it is necessary to further the beautification of the items and content of nursing service,so as to enhance the compliance of the diabetic patients receiving iusulin pump treatment.%目的 探讨糖尿病胰岛素治疗患者对护理美学的具体需求,为进一步提高糖尿病患者胰岛素泵治疗依从性提供参考信息.方法 采用质性研究方法,以非结构式深度访谈法和观察法对13例糖尿病患者进行个体化的深入访谈,使用内容分析法分析资料.结果 糖尿病胰岛素治疗患者对护理美学的需求包括基本护理美学服务和具有糖尿病胰岛素泵专科的护理美学服务,这些需求可以通过语言疗法与心理支持疗法,运用美学的渲染力创造美好的病房环境氛围,通过美化环境来促进舒适及通过护理操作美等途径来实现.结论 针对糖尿病胰岛索泵治疗患者护理美学的需求,应不断美化护理服务项目和内容,从而进一步提高糖尿病患者胰岛素泵治疗依从性.

  17. The Study of Discursive Sign-Semantics’ Pattern of Gheisar Aminpour Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    a Hasanzadeh Mirali

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Discursive sign-semantics is the fruit of structural semiotics and narrative system of semantic studies. This view links the flow of meaning production and sensory conditions and considers a kind of ontology for linguistic productions. Discursive sign-semantics signifies an event variant of the presence of sign-meanings and investigates the function, production, and reception of meaning in discursive systems. Sign-semantics of discourse is sketched in the form of processes and different emotional, cognitive, sensory-perceptual, esthetics, etc dimensions. All of these variants share the flexibility and fluidity of sign-meaning and are revealed under the supervision and control of discourse process. In this process, signs, along with meanings, are turned into fluid, dynamic, plural, multi-dimensional and full of tension variants. Sign-semantics pattern can act as an efficient method for analyzing literary texts and predisposing them to new readings. Gheisar Aminpour is one of the great contemporary poets. The investigation of his poetry from the sign-semantics view reveals that he makes the process of meaning beautification by a novel approach to phenomena and with a sensory-perceptual relationship with them. This process is a dynamic and fluid one which is turned into an exalted sign passing worn-out and dusty concepts. This view joins the structuralist semiotics to fluid and ontological sign-semantics. This article tries to analyze the poetry of Gheisar Aminpour by studying two important principles of sensory-perceptual and esthetic dimensions of discursive sign-semantics system, and shows the formation of esthetic process in his poetry by a novel and fluid view.

  18. 关于深圳地区废弃石场地质环境综合治理的探讨%Discussion on the Geological Environment Comprehensive Management of Abandoned Quarries in Shenzhen Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    After 30 years of rapid development, Shenzhen fo-rmatted more than 70 of the granite quarry pit. About 30 of t-hem at the quarry pit has been planning for construction land or park, but there are stil about 40 into the waste pit. These ab-andoned pits not only affect the Shenzhen city environment, but also has the hidden danger of serious geological disaster. For the beautification of Shenzhen geological environment, el-iminating the potential geological disaster, relieving Shenzhen city land resources, therefore, it is necessary and significance to explore the geological environment comprehensive manage-ment of abandoned quarries in Shenzhen area.%  深圳市经过30年的高速发展,形成逾70余处的花岗岩石场坑口。其中约30处石场坑口已陆续规划为建设用地或公园,但仍有约40处成了废弃的坑口。这些废弃坑口不仅影响深圳的城市环境,还存在严重的地质灾害隐患。为美化深圳地质环境,消除地质灾害隐患,缓解深圳市的土地资源,因此,对深圳废弃石场进行地质环境综合治理的探讨很有必要和意义。

  19. Application of a 2D shallow water model to analyze the flow and the use of groins to protect an area of the Amazon river estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel José dos Santos Sena

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The waterfront of Belém, the capital of Pará State, Brazil, has undergone a beautification process whereby a hydraulic embankment is being executed at a section located at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. A two-way avenue and a leisure and tourist complex will be built on this filled area. Protection of the construction site may be required in order to minimize loss of material during the build up operation and it could serve to maintain the tourist complex as well. Other important point is the impact analysis of the construction on the global flow at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. Thus, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic finite elements model is used to simulate the velocities in the region for three configurations, namely: the first with the natural configuration of the area; the second where the work area is being protected by one groin; and the third one with two groins. The flow simulation for flood tide or ebb tide showed that for flood tide the velocities are higher than those in ebb tide. The simulated velocities with the presence of groins are slower than those simulated with the natural configuration model. Thus, it shows the efficacy of the groins to slow down the currents` velocities. In addition, the groins could protect the section of the revitalized Belém shore. In a general way, the construction does not change the global flow in the region.

  20. Application of a 2D shallow water model to analyze the flow and the use of groins to Project an area of the Amazon river estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Secretan

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The waterfront of Belém, the capital of Pará State, Brazil, has undergone a beautification process whereby a hydraulic embankment is being executed at a section located at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. A two-way avenue and a leisure and tourist complex will be built on this filled area. Protection of the construction site may be required in order to minimize loss of material during the build up operation and it could serve to maintain the tourist complex as well. Other important point is the impact analysis of the construction on the global flow at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. Thus, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic finite elements model is used to simulate the velocities in the region for three configurations, namely: the first with the natural configuration of the area; the second where the work area is being protected by one groin; and the third one with two groins. The flow simulation for flood tide or ebb tide showed that for flood tide the velocities are higher than those in ebb tide. The simulated velocities with the presence of groins are slower than those simulated with the natural configuration model. Thus, it shows the efficacy of the groins to slow down the currents` velocities. In addition, the groins could protect the section of the revitalized Belém shore. In a general way, the construction does not change the global flow in the region.

  1. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korać, Radava R; Khambholja, Kapil M

    2011-07-01

    Herbs have been used in medicines and cosmetics from centuries. Their potential to treat different skin diseases, to adorn and improve the skin appearance is well-known. As ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause sunburns, wrinkles, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, and cancer, there is permanent need for protection from UV radiation and prevention from their side effects. Herbs and herbal preparations have a high potential due to their antioxidant activity, primarily. Antioxidants such as vitamins (vitamin C, vitamin E), flavonoids, and phenolic acids play the main role in fighting against free radical species that are the main cause of numerous negative skin changes. Although isolated plant compounds have a high potential in protection of the skin, whole herbs extracts showed better potential due to their complex composition. Many studies showed that green and black tea (polyphenols) ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure. The gel from aloe is believed to stimulate skin and assist in new cell growth. Spectrophotometer testing indicates that as a concentrated extract of Krameria triandra it absorbs 25 to 30% of the amount of UV radiation typically absorbed by octyl methoxycinnamate. Sesame oil resists 30% of UV rays, while coconut, peanut, olive, and cottonseed oils block out about 20%. A "sclerojuglonic" compound which is forming from naphthoquinone and keratin is the reaction product that provides UV protection. Traditional use of plant in medication or beautification is the basis for researches and making new trends in cosmetics. This review covers all essential aspects of potential of herbs as radioprotective agents and its future prospects.

  2. Discussion on the Geological Environment Comprehensive Management of Abandoned Quarries in Shenzhen Area%关于深圳地区废弃石场地质环境综合治理的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      深圳市经过30年的高速发展,形成逾70余处的花岗岩石场坑口。其中约30处石场坑口已陆续规划为建设用地或公园,但仍有约40处成了废弃的坑口。这些废弃坑口不仅影响深圳的城市环境,还存在严重的地质灾害隐患。为美化深圳地质环境,消除地质灾害隐患,缓解深圳市的土地资源,因此,对深圳废弃石场进行地质环境综合治理的探讨很有必要和意义。%After 30 years of rapid development, Shenzhen fo-rmatted more than 70 of the granite quarry pit. About 30 of t-hem at the quarry pit has been planning for construction land or park, but there are stil about 40 into the waste pit. These ab-andoned pits not only affect the Shenzhen city environment, but also has the hidden danger of serious geological disaster. For the beautification of Shenzhen geological environment, el-iminating the potential geological disaster, relieving Shenzhen city land resources, therefore, it is necessary and significance to explore the geological environment comprehensive manage-ment of abandoned quarries in Shenzhen area.

  3. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korać, Radava R; Khambholja, Kapil M

    2011-07-01

    Herbs have been used in medicines and cosmetics from centuries. Their potential to treat different skin diseases, to adorn and improve the skin appearance is well-known. As ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause sunburns, wrinkles, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, and cancer, there is permanent need for protection from UV radiation and prevention from their side effects. Herbs and herbal preparations have a high potential due to their antioxidant activity, primarily. Antioxidants such as vitamins (vitamin C, vitamin E), flavonoids, and phenolic acids play the main role in fighting against free radical species that are the main cause of numerous negative skin changes. Although isolated plant compounds have a high potential in protection of the skin, whole herbs extracts showed better potential due to their complex composition. Many studies showed that green and black tea (polyphenols) ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure. The gel from aloe is believed to stimulate skin and assist in new cell growth. Spectrophotometer testing indicates that as a concentrated extract of Krameria triandra it absorbs 25 to 30% of the amount of UV radiation typically absorbed by octyl methoxycinnamate. Sesame oil resists 30% of UV rays, while coconut, peanut, olive, and cottonseed oils block out about 20%. A "sclerojuglonic" compound which is forming from naphthoquinone and keratin is the reaction product that provides UV protection. Traditional use of plant in medication or beautification is the basis for researches and making new trends in cosmetics. This review covers all essential aspects of potential of herbs as radioprotective agents and its future prospects. PMID:22279374

  4. The Potential of GIS as a Management Tool for Avenue Trees Population in Small Communities; a Case Study of Idi-Shin Community, Ibadan, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olokeogun, O. S.; Akintola, O. O.; Abodunrin, E. K.

    2016-06-01

    This study demonstrates the potentials of Geographic Information System (GIS) as a management tool for avenue trees (Street trees) populations in small communities (using Idi-Ishin community, Ibadan, Nigeria as a case study). GIS is a decision support system which integrate data or set of data from different sources, bringing them under the same referencing system in a computer system. An Ikonos Imagery (1m Spatial Resolution) of the study area was digitized to produce a digital map using ArcGIS 10.1 version. The avenue trees species ≥ 5cm diameter at breast height (DBH) was selected for enumeration. These trees were then measured and tagged. The Height, Girth and Geographic location (X &Y coordinate) of the trees were measured with Haga altimeter, Girthing tape and Hand held Global Positioning System (GPS) respectively. The species and families of the trees enumerated were also identified. Data were analysed for basal area (BA) and volume (V). A total number of 43 avenue trees were assessed in Idi-Ishin Community. Roystonea regia accounted for the majority of the avenue trees (25.58%), followed by Polyanthia longiflora (23.26%), Gliricida seprium (20.93%), Eucalyptus toreliana (13.95%), Delunix regea (6.98%). However Terminalia catapa, Terminalia radii, Azadrachita indica and Newbodia levis had the same abundance of 2.33%. It was also observed that the benefits derived from these avenue trees includes; Carbon sequestration, Beautification, Wind break and shade. A spatial relational database was created for the assessed avenue trees using ArcCatalog of ArcGIS 10.1 version. Based on the findings from the study (which serves as baseline information for the management of the avenue trees in the study area), it was therefore recommended that subsequent assessment should be carried out at 3-5 year interval in other to ensure proper and continuous monitoring and updating of the data.

  5. Potential of herbs in skin protection from ultraviolet radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radava R Korać

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Herbs have been used in medicines and cosmetics from centuries. Their potential to treat different skin diseases, to adorn and improve the skin appearance is well-known. As ultraviolet (UV radiation can cause sunburns, wrinkles, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, and cancer, there is permanent need for protection from UV radiation and prevention from their side effects. Herbs and herbal preparations have a high potential due to their antioxidant activity, primarily. Antioxidants such as vitamins (vitamin C, vitamin E, flavonoids, and phenolic acids play the main role in fighting against free radical species that are the main cause of numerous negative skin changes. Although isolated plant compounds have a high potential in protection of the skin, whole herbs extracts showed better potential due to their complex composition. Many studies showed that green and black tea (polyphenols ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure. The gel from aloe is believed to stimulate skin and assist in new cell growth. Spectrophotometer testing indicates that as a concentrated extract of Krameria triandra it absorbs 25 to 30% of the amount of UV radiation typically absorbed by octyl methoxycinnamate. Sesame oil resists 30% of UV rays, while coconut, peanut, olive, and cottonseed oils block out about 20%. A "sclerojuglonic" compound which is forming from naphthoquinone and keratin is the reaction product that provides UV protection. Traditional use of plant in medication or beautification is the basis for researches and making new trends in cosmetics. This review covers all essential aspects of potential of herbs as radioprotective agents and its future prospects.

  6. 高校德育人文关怀的内涵及意义初探%The Connotation and Signiifcance of Humanistic Care in University Moral Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑利鹏; 王丽丽

    2013-01-01

    As a new education concept and manner of the moral education in colleges and universities, the humanistic care of the university moral education is the positive care of the status of students’ lives, survival and development, is the active care of students’ subjectivity, initiatives and independent practice, and is the warm care for students’ abilities to adapt, develop and create. It’s important to strengthen the humanistic care of moral education in colleges and universities, which highlights the f ine tradition of the Party’s ideological and political work. It is the inevitable trend of moral education development in the period of social transformation, and is necessary for Chinese college students' all-round development in the context of beautif ul China.%作为高校德育全新的教育理念和方式,人文关怀是对大学生生命、生存、发展现状的积极关注,是对大学生主体性、能动性、自主性实践的主动关照,是对大学生适应、发展和创新能力的热切关怀。加强高校德育的人文关怀有着重要的现实意义,不仅是党的思想政治工作优良传统的人文彰显,是社会转型期高校德育发展的必然趋势,也是美丽中国视野下大学生全面发展的应有之义。

  7. 基于消费心理的包装设计性别差异化表现策略%Strategy of Gender Differences in Packaging Design Based on Consumer Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙慧

    2012-01-01

    From perspective of consumer psychology,it analyzed the differences between man and woman and discussed the gender distinctions in terms of individual physiology,mental process and consumer psychology and behavior.Then it emphasized the feasibility and necessity of highlighting the gender differences when package designing.On this basis,it formulated the strategy of gender-differential designing,namely,to apply different packing material,colors patterns,style and wordage to highlight the gender differences,and to pay attention to the gender-differential designing through different packaging identification,beautification,promotion,and symbol.%从消费心理学的视角分析了男女两性的差异,论述了消费者在个性心理与心理过程以及消费心理行为特征方面的性别差异,说明了包装设计性别差异化表现的可行性和必要性。在此基础上提出了商品包装的性别差异化设计策略,即对材料使用、色彩运用、图案造型以及文字说明等包装要素进行性别差异化设计;对商品包装的识别、美化、促销、象征等心理功能的展示予以性别差异化表现。

  8. Assessing The Current Status Of Solid Waste Management Of Gondar Town Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Gedefaw

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ethiopia is facing rapid urbanization leading to overcrowding and the development of slums and informal settlements with poor waste management practices. Urban dwellers generally consume more resources than rural dwellers and so generate huge quantities of solid wastes. This study is focused on the overall assessment of the existing MSWM service of Gondar town. The overall objective of this study was assessing the current solid waste management service of Gondar town. Both primary and secondary sources were used to achieve the objectives. The analysis of this study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The findings of this study revealed that the present system of MSWM in Gondar town entirely relied on the municipality which provided the full range of waste collection transportation and disposal service. But the provision of this service is not kept in pace with the town solid waste generation. Based on the findings of this study the town households dominantly produced biodegradable solid wastes with generation rate of 0.21kgpersonday. This made the daily total solid waste generation of households to be 8140Kg. Together with other four solid waste sources the total daily solid waste generation of the town is about 11660 kg. So that MSWM of the town is found in very low status and spatial coverage. This poor status of MSWM is also intensified by three critical factors i.e poor institutional structure and capacity of Sanitation and beautification limited participation and contribution of stakeholders and poor households solid waste management practices. This study concluded that there should be sustainable solid waste management systems reuse recycle composting and incineration through awareness creation and training improvement of SB institutional structure and capacity and implementation of integrated MSWM approach which recognizes and comprises all stakeholders in the town.

  9. 新型生态袋边坡治理技术在某矿区滑坡体的应用%Application of slope treatment technique with innovative eco bags in sliding mass in one mining area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟吉祥

    2015-01-01

    Through analysis of the cause of water and soil loss and sliding mass in one mining area ,the paper in-troduces the application of slope treatment technique with innovative eco bags in sliding mass , especially elaborating the operation steps .After many times of continuous heavy rainfalls ,the treated slope remains fast and stable with good vegetation in surface ,the eco landscape and the artificial eco functional areas standing out in the mine .The application is helpful in solving the conflict between mining and eco system ,protecting the sliding mass ,and is successful in pre-venting water and soil loss ,keeping green in the slopes and beautification ,worth promoting .%通过对某矿区水土流失及滑坡体形成原因分析,介绍了生态袋边坡治理技术在滑坡体中的应用,特别对生态袋护坡治理技术操作步骤进行了详细阐述;经过多次连续强降雨后,治理后边坡坚实稳固,坡体表面植被长势良好,使该矿区呈现出生态景观和人工生态功能区。生态袋边坡治理技术在某矿区滑坡体中的应用,有利于解决矿山开采与生态环境破坏的矛盾;对滑坡体进行防护,取得了防止水土流失、边坡绿化和美化的效果,具有推广实用价值。

  10. Urban Forestry as a Vehiclefor Healthy and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NILSSONKjell

    2005-01-01

    Urban forestry has been defined as the art, science and technology of managing trees and forest resources in and around urban community ecosystems for the physiological, sociological, economic and aesthetic benefits trees provide. The importance of urban forestry has received limited attention in many poor countries as it is often percieved as being associated with beautification projects, which are considered a luxury benefiting only the wealthier part of the population. However, urban forestry may have a number ofenvironmental, economic and socio-cultural values, which will also benefit poorer segments of city populations.Even in poorer countries, planning for urban trees and forests is a good investment, as these areas will be demanded when income levels increase. Once everything is allocated to other construction or infrastructure,it may be very difficult to create new green areas unless these are planned for.The Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning has been leading actor in the development of Urban Forestry during the last decade. EUFORIC (European Urban Forestry Research and Information Centre),COST Action E12 “Urban Forests and Trees” and E39 “Forests, Trees and Human Health and Wellbeing” are all examples of activities initiated and coordinated by the Danish centre. It has also developed urban forestry and urban greening as a concept for environment and development aid projects in Eastern Europe and developing countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa. Over the coming years, the main challange will be to ensure that the expansion of the green infrastructure in the world's urban areas is implemented within the framework of sustainability and human health and well-being, without the use of a technology inimical to man and nature and with as few chemical aids as possible.

  11. Landscape Design of Green Spaces in Residential Districts%居住小区外部绿地景观设计探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2012-01-01

    通过对不同居住小区外部环境的实地调查,认为居住小区外部绿地作为小区绿化的重要组成部分,能够在突出绿化和美化效果、满足人性化设计需求、体现个性化的景观特点方面发挥作用,对于整个小区景观环境质量有较大的影响.针对居住小区外部绿地景观在设计中存在的部分问题进行了分析,主要从植物配置方式、景观表现效果、景观差异性等方面展开讨论,并且就以上问题提出了相应的改进意见和建议,认为小区外部绿地应完善植物配置形式,提高景观的文化内涵,做到以人为本,合理组织空间.以期对小区外部环境的营造有一定的参考作用.%The investigation shows that external green space is an important part of the public landscaping for all residential districts, because it is able to highlight effects of landscaping and beautification, satisfy needs of human-centered designs and show individualized landscape characteristics, moreover, it shows great influence on the landscape quality of residential districts. In view of problems in landscape design of residential districts. This study focuses on plant furnishing patterns, landscape demonstration effects and landscape differences, and then gives suggestions correspondingly, for example, plant furnishing patterns and cultural connotations of landscapes should be improved, human needs put on the top priority, and spaces organized in a proper way. The study aims to provide useful reference for the construction of external environment in residential districts.

  12. 实验大鼠负重装置的研制%Development of weight-bearing device of lab rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘焕滨; 江文锦; 刘雪萍; 张文光

    2014-01-01

    目的:研制既符合大鼠躯干结构,又不影响大鼠心肺功能的试验大鼠负重装置;并且能方便负重负荷装载和质量的调整。方法选取柔软舒适的布料,根据SD大鼠躯干各部位的周径,设计出符合躯干结构的负重装置;采用化学定量分析法测量大鼠的呼吸速率,评定负重装置对大鼠心肺功能是否有影响。结果制作出相对简略未外观美化处理的负重装置;经分析有无配戴装置下的呼吸速率数据,表明在实验误差允许范围内不影响大鼠心肺功能。结论装置将为研究负重的质量不同与骨骼肌损伤程度的关系,及为确定最佳的负重质量等提供一个简便、实用的负重装置;也为骨骼肌损伤研究增加一个可探索研究的负重变量因素。%Objective To develop a weight-bearing device that conforms to the body structure of rats without affecting their cardio-pulmonary function and also is easy to be loaded and adjusted in weights. Methods A weight-bearing device was developed using comfortable and soft fabrics according to the diameters of various body parts in rats. The respiration rate of rats was measured using chemical quantitative analysis to assess the effect of weight-bearing devices on the rats’cardio-pulmonary function. Results A simple weight-bearing device without any beautification was developed. The respiration rates of rats were analyzed with and without the weight-bearing device, which showed that this device did not affect the cardio-pulmonary function of rats within the error range. Conclusion This device is very simple and practical and can be used in exploring the relationship between different weights and the muscle damage and identifying the optimal weight. Also, it provides another variable worthy of research in the study of muscle damage.

  13. Research on the Force Sense of the Ankle Joint on Female Aerobics Training%健美操训练对女大学生踝关节力觉影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞琴; 林辉; 张秋霞

    2014-01-01

    健美操是在音乐的伴奏下,以身体练习为基本手段、以有氧运动为基础,达到增进健康、塑造形体和娱乐目的的一项体育运动。健美操最重要的技术是弹动技术,主要是依靠踝、膝、髋关节的屈伸缓冲而产生,减少运动对关节的冲力,从而减少对人体造成的损伤。踝关节本体感觉能力的增加,可提高踝关节周围神经肌肉控制能力,使踝关节在弹动、跳跃落地时保持身体的协调稳定,控制整个身体姿态,达到美化动作,提高运动技术水平的能力。本研究以健美操训练对女大学生踝关节力觉影响的实验研究为研究对象,旨在探讨健美操运动对踝关节的力觉各指标的影响,为减少踝关节运动损伤的发生和健美操的教学训练、比赛提供一定的理论依据。%Gymnastics is in the accompaniment of music, to exercise as the basic method, based on aerobic exercise, to promote health, sport and entertainment purposes shape. Aerobics is the most important technology of bounding techniques, is mainly caused by the ankle, knee, hip flexion and extension buffer, reduce the impact motion of the joint, thereby reducing the human body caused by injury. Increase the ankle proprioception, can improve the ability of the ankle joint control of peripheral nerve muscle, make the ankle joint to maintain coordination and stable body in move, jump landing, control the whole body posture, achieve beautification action, improve the ability of the movement technical level. In this study, the experimental study of Aerobics on female college students' Ankle haptic effects of training as the research object, aims to explore the aerobics every index of ankle joint force, which provides a theoretical basis for the ankle joint sports injury and aerobics teaching and training, competition.

  14. Groundwater Modeling in Coastal Arid Regions Under the Influence of Marine Saltwater Intrusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walther, Marc; Kolditz, Olaf; Grundmann, Jens; Liedl, Rudolf

    2010-05-01

    the groundwater model, scenarios will be evaluated considering various target figures (i.e. agricultural water demand, drinking water supply, "beautification", tourism, industry etc.). Within these scenarios, marine saltwater encroachment should be minimized or saline groundwater should even be pushed back into the coastal direction, thus stabilizing the natural equilibrium between continental freshwater flux and seawater intrusion and ensuring a long-term, stable usage of the agricultural areas. Literature KOLDITZ O., DELFS J.-O., BÜRGER C.-M., BEINHORN M., PARK C.-H. (2008): Numerical analysis of coupled hydrosystems based on an object-oriented compartment approach. J. Hydroinformatics, 10(3): 227-244, DOI: 10.2166/hydro.2008.003.

  15. 观赏芳香植物在园林绿化中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天锋

    2014-01-01

    在园林绿化设计中,植物已经成为营造园林景观的重要形式。植物有着绿化和美化环境、净化空气的作用。除了美化、净化和绿化,芳香植物香化环境的作用比较突出。芳香植物不仅能兼具药用植物的特性,更能产生香料作用,能给观赏者以强烈的视觉感受,营造出视觉和嗅觉的双重美感。也就是说芳香植物是同时兼具药用植物和香料植物共有属性的植物类;观赏芳香植物是能用于绿化园林的芳香植物,是具有一定观赏价值的芳香植物,这类植物不仅具有观赏价值、药用价值,还含有香料成分,因而广泛用于香料、医药、化妆品、食品加工等行业。%the landscape design has become an important form to create a landscape of plants. Plant with green and beautify the environment, air purification effect. In addition to the beautification, purification and greening, aromatic plants the role of aromatization environment is more outstanding. Can not only both the characteristics of medicinal plants, aromatic plants can produce more spices, can give the viewer with strong visual feeling, build a dual aesthetic feeling of vision and the sense of smel . That is fragrant plant medicinal plants and herbs at the same time there are properties of plants; Ornamental aromatic plants is the fragrant plant can be used for greening landscape, is has certain ornamental value of aromatic plants, these plants not only has the ornamental value, medicinal value, also contain flavor ingredients, and therefore is widely used for spices, medicine, cosmetics, food processing industries.

  16. Transcutaneous Serdev Suture For Buttock’s Lift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Serdev

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the author's technique and experience in the treatment of the flaccid "unhappy buttock" form with his surgical procedure of buttock lift by suture, without incision scars. The author first presented this new operation technique on a national level at the 2nd Annual Meeting of the National Bulgarian Society for Aesthetic Surgery and Aesthetic Medicine in Sofia on March 18, 1994 [1] and internationally at many scientific meetings over the world [2, 3, 4…]. The result is a visual change in the buttock position to a higher one, which elongates the lower limbs and changes the proportions between lower and upper half of the body. The aim of this study is to describe a mini-invasive procedure of beautification of the buttock form without scars by creating a lifting effect on the buttock's subcutaneous tissue, using a suture that takes the inferiorly positioned deep fibrose tissue and fixes it upwards to the sacro-cutaneous fascia, discovered by the author. Aesthetic and technical considerations required properly sculpting the buttocks into a higher position, demonstrating nicely rounded form. Preoperative shape is discussed and patient evaluations, operative techniques, postoperative management and results after 4 years of experience are emphasized. 1032 female patients, and 26 male patients aged 18-62 years, with ptosis and cellulite on the buttocks were treated since 1993 on an outpatient basis by the "Serdev suture technique without visible scars". Important instrumentarium is a long, curved, elastic needle and Polycon semi-elastic Bulgarian antimicrobial polycaproamide long term (in 2 years absorbable surgical threads Polycon, produced in Bulgaria. This operation has been performed either alone or after ultrasonic assisted liposculpture (UAL that reduces the amount of fat and heaviness. All patients reported a high degree of satisfaction. A stable improvement in the buttock position and form was observed for the period

  17. Diagnóstico e intervención en escuelas desde la política de convivencia escolar y enfoque de derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Arancibia Muñoz

    2014-09-01

    , implemented in educational institutions in the district of Chiguayante, in the framework of the fund to support the Community Management Plan Municipal Public Security. This project was part of a research design action as intended to contribute to the transformation and educational praxis. The most important results of the diagnostic phase of the school project realize toxic climates in schools, in terms of communication, conflict management, empathy and living spaces. From these findings are several interventions in schools following the guidelines of the policy of school life and the human rights approach. On line training key educational actors, circuit training was implemented in theoretical and practical mode with the teaching staff. Training spaces and reflection on school life for the student population were also generated in the line of awareness and dissemination to parents and guardians, gave information and tools on prevention of violence. On improving physical living spaces were built seating, mural design, beautification group classrooms and the construction of a meeting room for students. The most important conclusion about interventions based on the need to discuss and highlight the policy of coexistence in schools and on the other hand, the human rights approach is applied transversely in schools, trying to educate for peace, tolerance and acceptance of cultural diversity.

  18. A follow-on study on the impact of urban redevelopment on local residents induced by the Asian Games: An investigation in three affected communities in Guangzhou%亚运会城市更新对社区居民影响的跟踪研究——基于广州市三个社区的实证调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何深静; 刘臻

    2013-01-01

    neighborhood relationships,and lower community satisfaction.The urban redevelopment projects promoted by the Asian Games were highly efficient and effective in terms of physical environment improvement and urban beautification.In the meantime,this breathtaking redevelopment movement had brought about profound impact on local residents' lives in regard to physical,social,and psychological perspectives.In respect of physical changes,affected residents did experience an improved built environment and local facilities.However,the negative impact imposed on affected residents at social and psychological levels has overwhelmed the positive effects at physical level.Obviously,the local communities and residents have borne the severe social costs of the “magnificent and successful” urban redevelopment movement ignited by the Asian Games.

  19. 新女性——《玲珑》中的明星文化及女性意识%New Women:The Star Culture and Feminine Consciousness in "Linglong" Magazine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳迪善

    2012-01-01

    First published in Shanghai in 1931,the magazine of "Linglong" derived its name from "Linglong Pictoral Magazine",which later renamed into "Linglong Women's Magazine".It published a total of 298 issues before coming to an end in 1937 because of the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War."Linglong" had fulfilled its historical missions in a special era(1931-1937) in the following respects: it started an enthusiastic women's reformation movement in China with the help of the Hollywood star culture;it urged the Chinese women,with the power of Hollywood stars,to reject their traditional image of a lady and to embrace some masculine characteristics,which undoubtedly reflected the silent call for women during the war time;and at the same time,it offered a chance,though slim,for the Chinese women under thousands of years of oppression to break the traditions.It expressed an unusual sympathy and affection for the misery that Chinese women had suffered to struggle for independence through its wild beautification of the impossible-to-change ideology of man superiority and woman inferiority and its exciting and optimistic softening of the rigid fact with the humor and proudness unique to women.%《玲珑》创刊于1931年的上海,原名《玲珑图画杂志》,后期易名为《玲珑妇女杂志》,简称《玲珑》,1937年因抗战爆发而停刊,共出版了298期。《玲珑》在一个特殊的年代(1931—1937)完成了自己的历史使命:它借助好莱坞明星文化发动了一场轰烈的中国女性的自我革新运动;它用好莱坞明星的力量激励中国传统女性尽快摆脱小家碧玉式的贤淑形象、一变而成为有几分男子气概的女豪杰,这无疑适应了战争年代对女子的无声号召;同时也为被束缚了千年的中国女子撕开了一个反叛传统的狭小豁口。它始终对中国女性艰难的独立生存保持着一种难得的同情和怜爱的感怀;它将无法撼动的男尊女

  20. Embellecimiento facial con el "sistema matriz de implante mandibular": abordaje endoscópico Facial beauty "mandibular matrix implant system": endoscopic access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. M. Ramírez

    2007-09-01

    del implante, una infección (tratada con irrigación antibiótica y succión, sin necesidad de cambiar el implante y un paciente que precisó remodelación del tamaño del implante. Aunque inicialmente este método se publicó en el año 2000 como técnica mediante abordaje abierto con incisiones intraorales, actualmente recomendamos el método endoscópico, con el cual hemos realizado más de 100 intervenciones, por ser más ventajoso en términos de riesgo de infección. El Sistema Matriz de Implante Mandibular es altamente exitoso por el nivel de satisfacción de los pacientes, la evolución postoperatoria favorable y las expectativas estéticas logradas.One of the most frequent aesthetic problems and of a difficult correction that affects the lower third of the face is the disharmony between the soft tissues and the underlying skeletal support. A loss of volume or a genetically small mandible affects the aesthetics and function of the mouth, chin, and neck. The limitations of the conventional techniques and the limited aesthetic results obtained with those motivated the author to develop a system of implants and a technique of three-dimensional remodeling of the mandible. This system is called Mandibular Matrix Implant System. The Mandibular Matrix Implant System consists of several units, an articulated wraparound geniomandibular implant and two wraparound gonial angle implants, one for each side. A prejowl implant can be integrated in the system as an additional implant as overlay or as a replacement for the chin implant. The implants are made of biocompatible high density porous polyethylene that allows his reshaping and adaptation to the aesthetic needs of every patient. In addition they assemble perfectly to the bony surface of the mandible. It is indicated primarily for the beautification of the facial framework. It can be performed as a separated procedure or in combination with a facial rejuvenation. It is also used in edentulous patients or in those with

  1. 北京市农业发展态势及土地整治策略研究%Agriculture Development Trends and Land Consolidation Strategies in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关小克; 张凤荣; 李乐; 王锐; 袁雅琴

    2011-01-01

    are sound tools to optimize measures of farmland conservation locally, which may provide reasonable ideas for rural development in metropolitan areas. Three reorganized spheres were implemented in the suburb of Beijing by taking into account environmental, social, and economic factors, integrating the comprehensive comparative advantage of agriculture, and applying the multi-functionality of agriculture to the provision of agricultural products and ecological, environmental, and landscape services as well. Subsequently, the models of land consolidation were designed, which encompass landscape beautification and ecological services. This study can also provide a theoretical foundation for regional land consolidation so as to promote the process of urban and rural integration under the guidelines of metropolitan agriculture and land consolidation strategies for each sphere.%探讨地区农业发展演变规律,是制定大都市区土地整治策略的前提条件.改革开放以来,北京市农业产业结构在市场化的导向下进行调整,其基本态势就是将生产、经济等资源转移到经济效益更好的产业或部门之中;一、二、三产业从业人员比例,由1978年的28.3:40.1:31.6,变为2008年的6.4:21.1:72.4;受城市化影响,农作物播种面积从69.1万hm2持续下降到32.2万hm2但种植结构方面,粮食作物和蔬菜的播种面积一直占据着主导地位;受耕地面积的持续减少和边际生产力递减的影响,第一产业收入对农民收入的影响越来越有限.本文根据比较优势理论,分析了各区县间农业生产的综合比较优势,这也是区域土地综合整治的依据.并以发展都市型农业为目的,将农业发展与城市环境建设相结合,提出不同圈层的农地整治策略,以推进区域城乡统筹发展.

  2. 福州国家森林公园的游客市场细分--基于游憩动机的因子-聚类分析%Segmentation by Visitor Motivation in Fuzhou National Forest Park:A Factor-Cluster Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建明; 余雅玲; 游丽兰

    2015-01-01

    than the other two groups. Visitor Group for Satisfying Interest and Hobbies is in the intermediate state,visitors with no fixed occupation are slightly more than the visitors with fixed occupation,and visitors with medium income are slightly more than the visitors with high income and low income. Visitors in this group have stronger motivation for Interests and Hobbies than the other two groups. According to the discovered 3 visitor groups and their difference in recreation motivations,some concrete measures were proposed such as development of diversified recreational projects,improvement of recreational facilities and introduction of new species, protection and beautification of the park environment.