BCL11A expression in acute phase chronic myeloid leukemia.
Yin, Jiawei; Zhang, Fan; Tao, Huiquan; Ma, Xiao; Su, Guangsong; Xie, Xiaoli; Xu, Zhongjuan; Zheng, Yanwen; Liu, Hong; He, Chao; Mao, Zhengwei Jenny; Wang, Zhiwei; Chang, Weirong; Gale, Robert Peter; Wu, Depei; Yin, Bin
2016-08-01
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has chronic and acute phases. In chronic phase myeloid differentiation is preserved whereas in acute phase myeloid differentiation is blocked. Acute phase CML resembles acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Chronic phase CML is caused by BCR-ABL1. What additional mutation(s) cause transition to acute phase is unknown and may differ in different persons with CML. BCL11A encodes a transcription factor and is aberrantly-expressed in several haematological and solid neoplasms. We analyzed BCL11A mRNA levels in subjects with chronic and acute phase CML. BCL11A transcript levels were increased in subjects with CML in acute phase compared with those in normals and in subjects in chronic phase including some subjects studied in both phases. BCL11A mRNA levels were correlated with percent bone marrow blasts and significantly higher in lymphoid versus myeloid blast crisis. Differentiation of K562 with butyric acid, a CML cell line, decreased BCL11A mRNA levels. Cytology and flow cytometry analyses showed that ectopic expression of BCL11A in K562 cells blocked differentiation. These data suggest BCL11A may operate in transformation of CML from chronic to acute phase in some persons. PMID:27285855
BCL11A Haploinsufficiency Causes an Intellectual Disability Syndrome and Dysregulates Transcription.
Dias, Cristina; Estruch, Sara B; Graham, Sarah A; McRae, Jeremy; Sawiak, Stephen J; Hurst, Jane A; Joss, Shelagh K; Holder, Susan E; Morton, Jenny E V; Turner, Claire; Thevenon, Julien; Mellul, Kelly; Sánchez-Andrade, Gabriela; Ibarra-Soria, Ximena; Deriziotis, Pelagia; Santos, Rui F; Lee, Song-Choon; Faivre, Laurence; Kleefstra, Tjitske; Liu, Pentao; Hurles, Mathew E; Fisher, Simon E; Logan, Darren W
2016-08-01
Intellectual disability (ID) is a common condition with considerable genetic heterogeneity. Next-generation sequencing of large cohorts has identified an increasing number of genes implicated in ID, but their roles in neurodevelopment remain largely unexplored. Here we report an ID syndrome caused by de novo heterozygous missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations in BCL11A, encoding a transcription factor that is a putative member of the BAF swi/snf chromatin-remodeling complex. Using a comprehensive integrated approach to ID disease modeling, involving human cellular analyses coupled to mouse behavioral, neuroanatomical, and molecular phenotyping, we provide multiple lines of functional evidence for phenotypic effects. The etiological missense variants cluster in the amino-terminal region of human BCL11A, and we demonstrate that they all disrupt its localization, dimerization, and transcriptional regulatory activity, consistent with a loss of function. We show that Bcl11a haploinsufficiency in mice causes impaired cognition, abnormal social behavior, and microcephaly in accordance with the human phenotype. Furthermore, we identify shared aberrant transcriptional profiles in the cortex and hippocampus of these mouse models. Thus, our work implicates BCL11A haploinsufficiency in neurodevelopmental disorders and defines additional targets regulated by this gene, with broad relevance for our understanding of ID and related syndromes. PMID:27453576
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sara B Estruch
Full Text Available Nuclear orphan receptor TLX (NR2E1 functions primarily as a transcriptional repressor and its pivotal role in brain development, glioblastoma, mental retardation and retinopathologies make it an attractive drug target. TLX is expressed in the neural stem cells (NSCs of the subventricular zone and the hippocampus subgranular zone, regions with persistent neurogenesis in the adult brain, and functions as an essential regulator of NSCs maintenance and self-renewal. Little is known about the TLX social network of interactors and only few TLX coregulators are described. To identify and characterize novel TLX-binders and possible coregulators, we performed yeast-two-hybrid (Y2H screens of a human adult brain cDNA library using different TLX constructs as baits. Our screens identified multiple clones of Atrophin-1 (ATN1, a previously described TLX interactor. In addition, we identified an interaction with the oncoprotein and zinc finger transcription factor BCL11A (CTIP1/Evi9, a key player in the hematopoietic system and in major blood-related malignancies. This interaction was validated by expression and coimmunoprecipitation in human cells. BCL11A potentiated the transrepressive function of TLX in an in vitro reporter gene assay. Our work suggests that BCL11A is a novel TLX coregulator that might be involved in TLX-dependent gene regulation in the brain.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
At CERN, Council set up in 1985 a Long Range Planning Committee, chaired by Carlo Rubbia, to explore various options for the long term future of the Laboratory. This Committee issued an interim report last year, and is scheduled to produce final recommendations later this year
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We consider a theory in which fermionic matter interacts via long-range scalar, vector and tensor fields. In order not to be in conflict with experiment, the scalar and vector couplings for a given fermion must be equal, as is natural in a dimensionally reduced model. Assuming that the Sun is not approximately neutral with respect to these new scalar-vector charges, and if the couplings saturate the experimental bounds, then their strength can be comparable to that of gravity. Scalar-vector fields of this strength can compensate for a solar quadrupole moment contribution to Mercury's anomalous perihelion precession. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Macrae, K.I.; Riegert, R.J. (Maryland Univ., College Park (USA). Center for Theoretical Physics)
1984-10-01
We consider a theory in which fermionic matter interacts via long-range scalar, vector and tensor fields. In order not to be in conflict with experiment, the scalar and vector couplings for a given fermion must be equal, as is natural in a dimensionally reduced model. Assuming that the Sun is not approximately neutral with respect to these new scalar-vector charges, and if the couplings saturate the experimental bounds, then their strength can be comparable to that of gravity. Scalar-vector fields of this strength can compensate for a solar quadrupole moment contribution to Mercury's anomalous perihelion precession.
Grieco, Amanda J; Billett, Henny H; Green, Nancy S; Driscoll, M Catherine; Bouhassira, Eric E
2015-01-01
The molecular mechanisms governing γ-globin expression in a subset of fetal hemoglobin (α2γ2: HbF) expressing red blood cells (F-cells) and the mechanisms underlying the variability of response to hydroxyurea induced γ-globin expression in the treatment of sickle cell disease are not completely understood. Here we analyzed intra-person clonal populations of basophilic erythroblasts (baso-Es) derived from bone marrow common myeloid progenitors in serum free cultures and report the level of fetal hemoglobin production in F-cells negatively correlates with expression of BCL11A, KLF1 and TAL1. We then examined the effects of hydroxyurea on these three transcription factors and conclude that a successful induction of γ-globin includes a reduction in BCL11A, KLF1 and TAL1 expression. These data suggests that expression changes in this transcription factor network modulate γ-globin expression in F-cells during steady state erythropoiesis and after induction with hydroxyurea. PMID:26053062
Heteronuclear Long-Range Correlation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sørensen, Ole W.
The lecture will cover heteronuclear long-range correlation techniques like HMBC, H2BC, and HAT HMBC with the emphasis on determining the number of covalent bonds between two spins being correlated. H2BC and HMBC spectra are quite complementary as a peak can be strong in one of the two spectra and...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ambroise Wonkam
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Genetic variation at loci influencing adult levels of HbF have been shown to modify the clinical course of sickle cell disease (SCD. Data on this important aspect of SCD have not yet been reported from West Africa. We investigated the relationship between HbF levels and the relevant genetic loci in 610 patients with SCD (98% HbSS homozygotes from Cameroon, and compared the results to a well-characterized African-American cohort. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Socio-demographic and clinical features were collected and medical records reviewed. Only patients >5 years old, who had not received a blood transfusion or treatment with hydroxyurea were included. Hemoglobin electrophoresis and a full blood count were conducted upon arrival at the hospital. RFLP-PCR was used to describe the HBB gene haplotypes. SNaPshot PCR, Capillary electrophoresis and cycle sequencing were used for the genotyping of 10 selected SNPs. Genetic analysis was performed with PLINK software and statistical models in the statistical package R. Allele frequencies of relevant variants at BCL11A were similar to those detected in African Americans; although the relationships with Hb F were significant (p <.001, they explained substantially less of the variance in HbF than was observed among African Americans (∼ 2% vs 10%. SNPs in HBS1L-MYB region (HMIP likewise had a significant impact on HbF, however, we did not find an association between HbF and the variations in HBB cluster and OR51B5/6 locus on chromosome 11p, due in part to the virtual absence of the Senegal and Indian Arab haplotypes. We also found evidence that selected SNPs in HBS1L-MYB region (HMIP and BCL11A affect both other hematological indices and rates of hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: This study has confirmed the associations of SNPs in BCL11A and HBS1L-MYB and fetal haemoglobin in Cameroonian SCA patients; hematological indices and hospitalization rates were also associated with specific allelic variants.
Long Range Aircraft Trajectory Prediction
Magister, Tone
2009-01-01
The subject of the paper is the improvement of the aircraft future trajectory prediction accuracy for long-range airborne separation assurance. The strategic planning of safe aircraft flights and effective conflict avoidance tactics demand timely and accurate conflict detection based upon future four–dimensional airborne traffic situation prediction which is as accurate as each aircraft flight trajectory prediction. The improved kinematics model of aircraft relative flight considering flight ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Historically, alpha-particle and alpha-contamination detectors have been limited by the very short range of alpha particles in air and by relatively poor sensitivity even if the particles are intercepted. Alpha detectors have had to be operated in a vacuum or in close proximity to the source if reasonable efficiency is desired. Alpha particles interact with the ambient air, producing ionization in the air at the rate of ∼30,000 ion pairs per mega-electron-volt of alpha energy. These charges can be transported over significant distances (several meters) in a moving current of air generated by a small fan. An ion chamber located in front of the fan measures the current carried by the moving ions. The long-range alpha detector (LRAD) offers several advantages over more traditional alpha detectors. First and foremost, it can operate efficiently even if the contamination is not easily accessible. Second, ions generated by contamination in crevices and other unmonitorable locations can be detected if the airflow penetrates those areas. Third, all of the contamination on a large surface will generate ions that can be detected in a single detector; hence, the detector's sensitivity to distributed sources is not limited by the size of the probe. Finally, a simple ion chamber can detect very small electric currents, making this technique potentially quite sensitive
Buccheri, Maria A; Spina, Sonia; Ruberto, Concetta; Lombardo, Turi; Labie, Dominique; Ragusa, And Angela
2013-01-01
Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) is the principal ameliorating factor of β-thalassemia (β-thal) and sickle cell disease. Persistent production in adult life is a quantitative trait regulated by loci inside or outside the β-globin gene cluster. From genome-wide association studies, principal quantitative trait loci (QTL) (accounting for 50.0% of Hb F variability in different populations) have been identified in the BCL11A gene, HBS1L-MYB intergenic polymorphism and the β-globin gene cluster itself. In this study, we analyzed quantitative trait haplotypes in two Sicilian families with extremely mild β-thal and unusually high Hb F expression, in order to examine possible genetic background variations in a similar β-thalassemic phenotype. This study redefines the linkage disequilibrium blocks at these loci, but also shows slight differences between probands in haplotype combinations which could reflect different mechanisms of high Hb F production in patients with β-thal. We proposed a haplotype-based approach as a useful tool for the understanding of β-thal phenotype variation in patients with similar β-thalassemic backgrounds in an attempt to answer the recurring question of why patients with the same β-thalassemic genotype show different phenotypes. PMID:23777413
A Model for Long Range Planning for Seminole Community College.
Miner, Norris
A model for long-range planning designed to maximize involvement of college personnel, to improve communication among various areas of the college, to provide a process for evaluation of long-range plans and the planning process, to adjust to changing conditions, to utilize data developed at a level useful for actual operations, and to have…
STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF LONG-RANGE CONTACTS IN GLOBULAR PROTEINS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiang-hong Wang; Jian-hong Ke; Mang-xiao Hu
2004-01-01
The analysis of residue-residue contacts in protein structures can shed some light on our understanding of the folding and stability of proteins. In this paper, we study the statistical properties of long-range and short-range residueresidue contacts of 91 globular proteins using CSU software and analyze the importance of long-range contacts in globular protein structure. There are many short-range and long-range contacts in globular proteins, and it is found that the average number of long-range contacts per residue is 5.63 and the percentage of residue-residue contacts which are involved in longrange ones is 59.4%. In more detail, the distribution of long-range contacts in different residue intervals is investigated and it is found that the residues occurring in the interval range of 4-10 residues apart in the sequence contribute more long-range contacts to the stability of globular protein. The number of long-range contacts per residue, which is a measure of ability to form residue-residue contacts, is also calculated for 20 different amino acid residues. It is shown that hydrophobic residues (including Leu, Val, Ile, Met, Phc, Tyr, Cys and Trp) having a large number of long-range contacts easily form long-range contacts, while the hydrophilic amino acids (including Ala, Gly, Thr, His, Glu, Gin, Asp, Asn, Lys, Ser, Arg, and Pro) form long-range contacts with more difficulty. The relationship between the Fauchere-Pliska hydrophobicity scale (FPH) and the number of short-range and long-range contacts per residue for 20 amino acid residues is also studied. An approximately linear relationship between the Fauchere-Pliska hydrophobicity scale (FPH) and the number of long-range contacts per residue CL is found and can be expressed as CiL= a + b x FPHwhere a = 5.04 and b = 1.23. These results can help us to understand the role of residue-residue contacts in globular protein structure.
Long-Range Nondestructive Testing System Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal is for the development of a long range, multi-point non-destructive system for the detection of subsurface flaws in metallic and composite materials...
Keyhani, Elaheh; Jafari Vesiehsari, Mahjoobeh; Talebi Kakroodi, Setareh; Darabi, Elham; Zamani, Fahimeh; Karimlou, Masoud; Kamali, Koorosh; Neishabury, Maryam
2016-06-01
The impact of Hb F on severity of sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia (β-thal) is well documented. The XmnI-HBG2, BCL11A and HBS1L-MYB single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been introduced as the most important factors causing variation in fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) levels in different population studies. However, the extent of their effect could be population-specific. In this study, multivariate linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of Hb F with age, sex, and eight SNPs, including XmnI-HBG2, four BCL11A, two HBS1L-MYB SNPs and the polymorphic palindromic 5' hypersensitive 4-locus control region (5'HS4-LCR). One hundred and twenty-two hematologically normal individuals, from a previous study cohort, constituted our study population. In multivariate regression analyses, no association of Hb F was observed with age or sex of the individuals and SNPs in this study. We conducted a univariate regression analysis to further investigate the results, which among all the factors only detected XmnI-HBG2 and 5'HS4 SNPs as significant modifiers of Hb F. The significance of these two factors disappeared in a bivariate analysis. These results suggest that either XmnI-HBG2 or 5'HS4-LCR have a stronger contribution in Hb F variations of the Iranian population than BCL11A and HBS1L-MYB SNPs. Furthermore, the effect of low population size and technical limitations on obtained results could not be ruled out. PMID:27117569
Resources and Long-Range Forecasts
Smith, Waldo E.
1973-01-01
The author argues that forecasts of quick depletion of resources in the environment as a result of overpopulation and increased usage may not be free from error. Ignorance still exists in understanding the recovery mechanisms of nature. Long-range forecasts are likely to be wrong in such situations. (PS)
Quantum long range interactions in general relativity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
One-loop effects in general relativity that result in quantum long-range corrections to the Newton law, as well as to the gravitational spin-dependent and velocity-dependent interactions are considered. Some contributions to these effects can be interpreted as quantum corrections to the Schwarzschild and Kerr metric
Gauge hierarchy and long range forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
With the aid of simple examples, we show how a long range attractive force can arise in a gauge theory with a hierarchy. The force is due to the exchange of a Higgs boson whose mass and matter couplings are both naturally suppressed by the hierarchical mass ratio. Such bosons appear if there is an accidental global symmetry in the low-energy renormalizable Lagrangian after the high energy symmetry breaking. 6 refs
Long range effects of cosmic string structure
Allen, B; Ottewill, A C; Allen, Bruce; Kay, Bernard S; Ottewill, Adrian C
1996-01-01
We combine and further develop ideas and techniques of Allen \\& Ottewill, Phys. Rev.D, {\\bf 42}, 2669 (1990) and Kay \\& Studer Commun. Math. Phys., {\\bf 139}, 103 (1991) for calculating the long range effects of cosmic string cores on classical and quantum field quantities far from an (infinitely long, straight) cosmic string. We find analytical approximations for (a) the gravity-induced ground state renormalized expectation values of \\hat\\varphi^2 and \\hat T_\\mu{}^\
Long-range correlation of thermal radiation
Beenakker, C. W. J.; Patra, M.
1999-01-01
A general theory is presented for the spatial correlations in the intensity of the radiation emitted by a random medium in thermal equilibrium. We find that a non-zero correlation persists over distances large compared to the transverse coherence length of the thermal radiation. This long-range correlation vanishes in the limit of an ideal black body. We analyze two types of systems (a disordered waveguide and an optical cavity with chaotic scattering) where it should be observable.
Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow
F. F. van Ogtrop; R. W. Vervoort; Heller, G. Z.; D. M. Stasinopoulos; Rigby, R. A.
2011-01-01
Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow in semi-arid Australia poses a number of major challenges. One of the challenges relates to modelling zero, skewed, non-stationary, and non-linear data. To address this, a statistical model to forecast streamflow up to 12 months ahead is applied to five semi-arid catchments in South Western Queensland. The model uses logistic regression through Generalised Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) to determine the probability of f...
Long-range charge transfer in biopolymers
Astakhova, T. Yu; Likhachev, V. N.; Vinogradov, G. A.
2012-11-01
The results of theoretical and experimental studies on the charge transfer in biopolymers, namely, DNA and peptides, are presented. Conditions that ensure the efficient long-range charge transport (by several tens of nanometres) are considered. The known theoretical models of charge transfer mechanisms are discussed and the scopes of their application are analyzed. Attention is focused on the charge transport by the polaron mechanism. The bibliography includes 262 references.
Long-Range Connections in Transportation Networks
Viana, Matheus P
2010-01-01
Since its recent introduction, the small-world effect has been identified in several important real-world systems. Frequently, it is a consequence of the existence of a few long-range connections, which dominate the original regular structure of the systems and implies each node to become accessible from other nodes after a small number of steps, typically of order $\\ell \\propto \\log N$. However, this effect has been observed in pure-topological networks, where the nodes have no spatial coordinates. In this paper, we present an alalogue of small-world effect observed in real-world transportation networks, where the nodes are embeded in a hree-dimensional space. Using the multidimensional scaling method, we demonstrate how the addition of a few long-range connections can suubstantially reduce the travel time in transportation systems. Also, we investigated the importance of long-range connections when the systems are under an attack process. Our findings are illustrated for two real-world systems, namely the L...
Emergent long-range couplings in arrays of fluid cells
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abraham, Douglas Bruce [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2014-08-07
We present a system exhibiting extraordinarily long-range cooperative effects, on a length scale far exceeding the bulk correlation length. We give a theoretical explanation of these phenomena based on the mesoscopic picture of phase coexistence in finite systems, which is confirmedly Monte Carlo (MC) simulation studies. Our work demonstrates that such action-at-a-distance can occur in classical systems involving simple or complex fluids, such as colloid-polymer mixtures, or ferromagnets.
Long range correlations in DNA sequences
Mohanty, A K
2002-01-01
The so called long range correlation properties of DNA sequences are studied using the variance analyses of the density distribution of a single or a group of nucleotides in a model independent way. This new method which was suggested earlier has been applied to extract slope parameters that characterize the correlation properties for several intron containing and intron less DNA sequences. An important aspect of all the DNA sequences is the properties of complimentarity by virtue of which any two complimentary distributions (like GA is complimentary to TC or G is complimentary to ATC) have identical fluctuations at all scales although their distribution functions need not be identical. Due to this complimentarity, the famous DNA walk representation whose statistical interpretation is still unresolved is shown to be a special case of the present formalism with a density distribution corresponding to a purine or a pyrimidine group. Another interesting aspect of most of the DNA sequences is that the factorial m...
Long range inductive power transfer system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We report upon a recently developed long range inductive power transfer system (IPT) designed to power remote sensors with mW level power consumption at distances up to 7 m. In this paper an inductive link is established between a large planar (1 × 1 m) transmit coil (Tx) and a small planer (170 × 170 mm) receiver coil (Rx), demonstrating the viability of highly asymmetrical coil configurations that real-world applications such as sensor networks impose. High Q factor Tx and Rx coils required for viable power transfer efficiencies over such distances are measured using a resonant method. The applicability of the Class-E amplifier in very low magnetic coupling scenarios and at the high frequencies of operation required for high Q operation is demonstrated by its usage as the Tx coil driver
Long-range interaction of anisotropic systems
Zhang, J. Y.
2015-02-01
The first-order electrostatic interaction energy between two far-apart anisotropic atoms depends not only on the distance between them but also on their relative orientation, according to Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory. Using the first-order interaction energy and the continuum model, we study the long-range interaction between a pair of parallel pristine graphene sheets at zero temperature. The asymptotic form of the obtained potential density, &epsi:(D) &prop: ?D ?3 ?O(D?4), is consistent with the random phase approximation and Lifshitz theory. Accordingly, neglectance of the anisotropy, especially the nonzero first-order interaction energy, is the reason why the widely used Lennard-Jones potential approach and dispersion corrections in density functional theory give a wrong asymptotic form ε(D) &prop: ?D?4. © EPLA, 2015.
Anisotropic Long-Range Spin Systems
Defenu, Nicolò; Ruffo, Stefano
2016-01-01
We consider anisotropic long-range interacting spin systems in $d$ dimensions. The interaction between the spins decays with the distance as a power law with different exponents in different directions: we consider an exponent $d_{1}+\\sigma_1$ in $d_1$ directions and another exponent $d_{2}+\\sigma_2$ in the remaining $d_2\\equiv d-d_1$ ones. We introduce a low energy effective action with non analytic power of the momenta. As a function of the two exponents $\\sigma_1$ and $\\sigma_2$ we show the system to have three different regimes, two where it is actually anisotropic and one where the isotropy is finally restored. We determine the phase diagram and provide estimates of the critical exponents as a function of the parameters of the system, in particular considering the case of one of the two $\\sigma$'s fixed and the other varying. A discussion of the physical relevance of our results is also presented.
Long range position and Orientation Tracking System
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The long range Position and Orientation Tracking System is an active triangulation-based system that is being developed to track a target to a resolution of 6.35 mm (0.25 in.) and 0.009 degrees(32.4 arcseconds) over a range of 13.72 m (45 ft.). The system update rate is currently set at 20 Hz but can be increased to 100 Hz or more. The tracking is accomplished by sweeping two pairs of orthogonal line lasers over infrared (IR) sensors spaced with known geometry with respect to one another on the target (the target being a rigid body attached to either a remote vehicle or a remote manipulator arm). The synchronization and data acquisition electronics correlates the time that an IR sensor has been hit by one of the four lasers and the angle of the respective mirror at the time of the hit. This information is combined with the known geometry of the IR sensors on the target to determine position and orientation of the target. This method has the advantage of allowing the target to be momentarily lost due to occlusions and then reacquired without having to return the target to a known reference point. The system also contains a camera with operator controlled lighting in each pod that allows the target to be continuously viewed from either pod, assuming their are no occlusions
Long range position and orientation tracking system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The long range position and orientation tracking system (LRPOTS) will consist of two measurement pods, a VME-based computer system, and a detector array. The system is used to measure the position and orientation of a target that may be attached to a robotic arm, teleoperated manipulator, or autonomous vehicle. The pods have been designed to be mounted in the man-ways of the domes of the Fernald K-65 waste silos. Each pod has two laser scanner subsystems as well as lights and camera systems. One of the laser scanners will be oriented to scan in the pan direction, the other in the tilt direction. As the lasers scan across the detector array, the angles of incidence with each detector are recorded. Combining measurements from each of the four lasers yields sufficient data for a closed-form solution of the transform describing the location and orientation of the Content Mobilization System (CMS). Redundant detectors will be placed on the CMS to accommodate occlusions, to provide improved measurement accuracy, and to determine the CMS orientation
Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F. F. van Ogtrop
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow in semi-arid Australia poses a number of major challenges. One of the challenges relates to modelling zero, skewed, non-stationary, and non-linear data. To address this, a probabilistic statistical model to forecast streamflow 12 months ahead is applied to five semi-arid catchments in South Western Queensland. The model uses logistic regression through Generalised Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS to determine the probability of flow occurring in any of the systems. We then use the same regression framework in combination with a right-skewed distribution, the Box-Cox t distribution, to model the intensity (depth of the non-zero streamflows. Time, seasonality and climate indices, describing the Pacific and Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures, are tested as covariates in the GAMLSS model to make probabilistic 12-month forecasts of the occurrence and intensity of streamflow. The output reveals that in the study region the occurrence and variability of flow is driven by sea surface temperatures and therefore forecasts can be made with some skill.
Long-range Rocky Flats utilization study
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this Study was to provide information concerning the Rocky Flats Plant and its operations that will be useful to the Nation's decision-makers in determining the long-range future of the Plant. This Study was conducted under the premise that national defense policy must be supported and, accordingly, the capabilities at Rocky Flats must be maintained there or at some other location(s). The Study, therefore, makes no attempt to speculate on how possible future changes in national defense policy might affect decisions regarding the utilization of Rocky Flats. Factors pertinent to decisions regarding Rocky Flats, which are included in the Study, are: physical condition of the Plant and its vulnerabilities to natural phenomena; risks associated with plutonium to Plant workers and the public posed by postulated natural phenomena and operational accidents; identification of alternative actions regarding the future use of the Rocky Flats Plant with associated costs and time scales; local socioeconomic impacts if Rocky Flats operations were relocated; and potential for other uses if Rocky Flats facilities were vacated. The results of the tasks performed in support of this Study are summarized in the context of these five factors
Long range position and orientation tracking system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Armstrong, G.A.; Jansen, J.F.; Burks, B.L.; Bernacki, B.E.; Nypaver, D.J.
1995-12-31
The long range position and orientation tracking system (LRPOTS) will consist of two measurement pods, a VME-based computer system, and a detector array. The system is used to measure the position and orientation of a target that may be attached to a robotic arm, teleoperated manipulator, or autonomous vehicle. The pods have been designed to be mounted in the man-ways of the domes of the Fernald K-65 waste silos. Each pod has two laser scanner subsystems as well as lights and camera systems. One of the laser scanners will be oriented to scan in the pan direction, the other in the tilt direction. As the lasers scan across the detector array, the angles of incidence with each detector are recorded. Combining measurements from each of the four lasers yields sufficient data for a closed-form solution of the transform describing the location and orientation of the Content Mobilization System (CMS). Redundant detectors will be placed on the CMS to accommodate occlusions, to provide improved measurement accuracy, and to determine the CMS orientation.
Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
F. F. van Ogtrop
2011-11-01
Full Text Available Long-range forecasting of intermittent streamflow in semi-arid Australia poses a number of major challenges. One of the challenges relates to modelling zero, skewed, non-stationary, and non-linear data. To address this, a statistical model to forecast streamflow up to 12 months ahead is applied to five semi-arid catchments in South Western Queensland. The model uses logistic regression through Generalised Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS to determine the probability of flow occurring in any of the systems. We then use the same regression framework in combination with a right-skewed distribution, the Box-Cox t distribution, to model the intensity (depth of the non-zero streamflows. Time, seasonality and climate indices, describing the Pacific and Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures, are tested as covariates in the GAMLSS model to make probabilistic 6 and 12-month forecasts of the occurrence and intensity of streamflow. The output reveals that in the study region the occurrence and variability of flow is driven by sea surface temperatures and therefore forecasts can be made with some skill.
Long range node-strut analysis of trabecular bone microarchitecture
Schmah, T; Thomsen, J S; Saparin, P
2015-01-01
Purpose: We present a new morphometric measure of trabecular bone microarchitecture, called mean node strength (NdStr), which is part of a newly developed approach called long range node-strut analysis. Our general aim is to describe and quantify the apparent "latticelike" microarchitecture of the trabecular bone network. Methods: Similar in some ways to the topological node-strut analysis introduced by Garrahan et al. [J. Microsc. 142, 341-349 (1986)], our method is distinguished by an emphasis on long-range trabecular connectivity. Thus, while the topological classification of a pixel (after skeletonization) as a node, strut, or terminus, can be determined from the 3x3 neighborhood of that pixel, our method, which does not involve skeletonization, takes into account a much larger neighborhood. In addition, rather than giving a discrete classification of each pixel as a node, strut, or terminus, our method produces a continuous variable, node strength. The node strength is averaged over a region of interest ...
Long-Range Dependence and On-chip Processor traffic
Scherrer, Antoine; Fraboulet, Antoine; Risset, Tanguy
2009-01-01
Long-range dependence is a property of stochastic processes that has an important impact on network performance, especially on the buffer usage in routers. We analyze the presence of long-range dependence in on-chip processor traffic and we study the impact of long-range dependence on networks-on-chip. long-range dependence in communication traces of processor ips at the cycle-accurate level. We also study the impact of long-range dependence on a real network-on-chip using the SocLib simulati...
Multivariate wavelet Whittle estimation in long-range dependence
Achard, Sophie; Gannaz, Irène
2016-01-01
This paper deals with the semiparametric estimation of multivariate long-range dependent processes. The parameters of interest in the model are the vector of the long-range dependence parameters and the long-run covariance matrix. The proposed multivariate wavelet-based Whittle estimation is shown to be consistent for the estimation of both the long-range dependence and the covariance matrix. A simulation study confirms the satisfying behaviour of the estimation, which improves the univariate...
A relation between long-range correlation and dielectric anomaly
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张磊; 钟维烈; 王春雷; 彭毅萍
1999-01-01
A double-well potential model is established to explain the dielectric anomaly of ferroelectrics. The dielectric constant consists of two parts. One part is independent of the long-range correlation, following 1/T law. The other part originates from the long-range correlation, and can be described by the correlation length well. The deviation from Curie-Weiss law in a small size sample originates from the decrease of the long-range correlation.
Report of the Long-Range Planning Committee
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This is the final report of the Long-Range Planning Committee of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. It describes the make-up, purpose, working assumptions, and activities of the Committee and discusses the work done by the Committee on defense matters, energy, a number of additional topics, and future long-range planning activities
Diffusion-limited aggregation with long range force
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Diffusion-Limited aggregation model with long range force is investigated. Single particles are moved under the control of Brownian motion and drift motion produced by regular centrical long range force. The computer simulations under this condition have been studied in detail in two-dimension and the results are compared with properly electrolytic deposition experiments. (author)
Degeneracy and long-range correlation: A simulation study
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marmelat Vivien
2011-12-01
Full Text Available We present in this paper a simulation study that aimed at evidencing a causal relationship between degeneracy and long-range correlations. Long-range correlations represent a very specific form of fluctuations that have been evidenced in the outcomes time series produced by a number of natural systems. Long-range correlations are supposed to sign the complexity, adaptability and flexibility of the system. Degeneracy is defined as the ability of elements that are structurally different to perform the same function, and is presented as a key feature for explaining the robustness of complex systems. We propose a model able to generate long-range correlated series, and including a parameter that account for degeneracy. Results show that a decrease in degeneracy tends to reduce the strength of long-range correlation in the series produced by the model.
Quench dynamics in long-range interacting quantum systems
Gong, Zhexuan
2016-05-01
A distinctive feature of atomic, molecular, and optical systems is that interactions between particles are often long-ranged. Control techniques from quantum optics often allow one to tune the pattern of these long-range interactions, creating an entirely new degree of freedom, absent in typical condensed matter systems. These tunable long-range interactions can result in very different far-from-equilibrium dynamics compared to systems with only short-range interactions. In the first half of the talk, I will describe how very general types of long-range interactions can qualitatively change the entanglement and correlation growth shortly after a quantum quench. In the second half of the talk I will show that, at longer times, long-range interactions can lead to exotic quasi-stationary states and dynamical phase transitions. These theoretical ideas have been explored in recent trapped-ion experiments, and connections to these experiments will be emphasized in both parts of the talk.
Hyperfine-structure-induced purely long-range molecules.
Enomoto, Katsunari; Kitagawa, Masaaki; Tojo, Satoshi; Takahashi, Yoshiro
2008-03-28
We have experimentally observed and theoretically identified a novel class of purely long-range molecules. This novel purely long-range state is formed due to a very weak hyperfine interaction that is usually treated only as a small perturbation in molecular spectra. Photoassociation spectroscopy of ultracold ytterbium (171Yb) atoms with the 1S0-3P1 intercombination transition presents clear identification of molecular states and the shallowest molecular potential depth of about 750 MHz among the purely long-range molecules ever observed. PMID:18517858
Long-range magnetic coupling across a polar insulating layer
Lü, W. M.; Saha, Surajit; Wang, X. Renshaw; Liu, Z. Q.; Gopinadhan, K.; Annadi, A.; Zeng, S. W.; Huang, Z.; Bao, B. C.; Cong, C. X.; Venkatesan, M.; Yu, T.; Coey, J. M. D.; Ariando; Venkatesan, T.
2016-01-01
Magnetic interactions in solids are normally mediated by short-range exchange or weak dipole fields. Here we report a magnetic interaction that can propagate over long distances (∼10 nm) across a polar insulating oxide spacer. Evidence includes oscillations of magnetization, coercivity and field-cooled loop shift with the thickness of LaAlO3 in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3/LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures. Similar modifications of the hysteresis loop appear when two coupled films of La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 are separated by LaAlO3, or another polar insulator, but they are absent when the oxide spacer layer is nonpolar. The loop shift is attributed to strong spin–orbit coupling and Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction at the interfaces. There is evidence from inelastic light scattering that the polar spacer mediates long-range transmission of orbital magnetization. This coupling mechanism is expected to apply for any conducting ferromagnetic oxide with mixed valence; in view of electron hopping frequency involved, it raises the prospect of terahertz tunability of magnetic coupling. PMID:26980456
Relaxation dynamics of stochastic long-range interacting systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range interacting systems, while relaxing towards equilibrium, may get trapped in nonequilibrium quasistationary states (QSS) for a time which diverges algebraically with the system size. These intriguing non-Boltzmann states have been observed under deterministic Hamiltonian evolution of a paradigmatic system, the Hamiltonian mean-field (HMF) model. We study here the robustness of QSS with respect to stochastic processes beyond deterministic dynamics within a microcanonical ensemble. To this end, we generalize the HMF model by allowing for stochastic three-particle collision dynamics in addition to the deterministic ones. By analyzing the resulting Boltzmann equation for the phase space density, we demonstrate that, in the presence of stochasticity, QSS occur only as a crossover phenomenon over a finite time determined by the strength of the stochastic process. In particular, we argue that the relaxation time to equilibrium does not scale algebraically with the system size. We propose a scaling form for the relaxation time which is in very good agreement with results of extensive numerical simulations. The broader validity of these results is tested on a different stochastic HMF model involving microcanonical Monte Carlo dynamical moves
Boundary layer parameterizations and long-range transport
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A joint work group between the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and the EPA is perusing the construction of an air quality model that incorporates boundary layer parameterizations of dispersion and transport. This model could replace the currently accepted model, the Industrial Source Complex (ISC) model. The ISC model is a Gaussian-plume multiple point-source model that provides for consideration of fugitive emissions, aerodynamic wake effects, gravitational settling and dry deposition. A work group of several Federal and State agencies is perusing the construction of an air quality modeling system for use in assessing and tracking visibility impairment resulting from long-range transport of pollutants. The modeling system is designed to use the hourly vertical profiles of wind, temperature and moisture resulting from a mesoscale meteorological processor that employs four dimensional data assimilation (FDDA). FDDA involves adding forcing functions to the governing model equations to gradually ''nudge'' the model state toward the observations (12-hourly upper air observations of wind, temperature and moisture, and 3-hourly surface observations of wind and moisture). In this way it is possible to generate data sets whose accuracy, in terms of transport, precipitation, and dynamic consistency is superior to both direct interpolation of synoptic-scale analyses of observations and purely predictive mode model result. (AB) ( 19 refs.)
Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge : Long Range Water Management Plan
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Long-Range Water Management Plan for Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge begins with a history of precipitation, water levels, wildlife use, disease, water...
Long-range eye tracking: A feasibility study
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jayaweera, S.K.; Lu, Shin-yee
1994-08-24
The design considerations for a long-range Purkinje effects based video tracking system using current technology is presented. Past work, current experiments, and future directions are thoroughly discussed, with an emphasis on digital signal processing techniques and obstacles. It has been determined that while a robust, efficient, long-range, and non-invasive eye tracking system will be difficult to develop, such as a project is indeed feasible.
Density Functional Study of Tetraphenylporphyrin Long-Range Exciton Coupling
Moore, Barry; Autschbach, Jochen
2012-01-01
The performance of time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) for calculations of long-range exciton circular dichroism (CD) is investigated. Tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) is used as a representative of a class of strongly absorbing chromophores for which exciton CD with chromophore separations of 50 Å and even beyond has been observed experimentally. A dimer model for TPP is set up to reproduce long-range exciton CD previously observed for a brevetoxin derivative. The calculated CD intens...
Liquid-vapour transition of the long range Yukawa fluid.
Weis, Jean-Jacques; Federica, Lo Verso; Jean-Michel, Caillol; Elisabeth, Schoell-Paschinger
2007-01-01
Abstract Two liquid state theories, the self-consistent Ornstein-Zernike equation (SCOZA) and the hierarchical reference theory (HRT) are shown, by comparison with Monte Carlo simulations, to perform extremely well in predicting the liquid-vapour coexistence of the hard core Yukawa (HCY) fluid when the interaction is long range. The long range of the potential is treated in the simulations using both an Ewald sum and hyperspherical boundary conditions. In additi...
Memory and long-range correlations in chess games
Schaigorodsky, Ana L.; Perotti, Juan I.; Billoni, Orlando V.
2014-01-01
In this paper we report the existence of long-range memory in the opening moves of a chronologically ordered set of chess games using an extensive chess database. We used two mapping rules to build discrete time series and analyzed them using two methods for detecting long-range correlations; rescaled range analysis and detrended fluctuation analysis. We found that long-range memory is related to the level of the players. When the database is filtered according to player levels we found differences in the persistence of the different subsets. For high level players, correlations are stronger at long time scales; whereas in intermediate and low level players they reach the maximum value at shorter time scales. This can be interpreted as a signature of the different strategies used by players with different levels of expertise. These results are robust against the assignation rules and the method employed in the analysis of the time series.
Memory and long range correlations in chess games
Schaigorodsky, Ana L; Billoni, Orlando V
2013-01-01
In this paper we report the existence of long-range memory in the opening moves of a chronologically ordered set of chess games using an extensive chess database. We used two mapping rules to build discrete time series and analyzed them using two methods for detecting long-range correlations; rescaled range analysis and detrented fluctuation analysis. We found that long-range memory is related to the level of the players. When the database is filtered according to player levels we found differences in the persistence of the different subsets. For high level players, correlations are stronger at long time scales; whereas in intermediate and low level players they reach its maximum value at shorter time scales. This can be interpreted as a signature of the different strategies used by players with different levels of expertise. These results are robust against the assignation rules and the method employed in the analysis of the time series.
Ordered droplets in quantum magnets with long-range interactions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vojta, Thomas [Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States)], E-mail: vojtat@umr.edu; Hoyos, Jose A. [Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States)
2008-04-01
A defect coupling to the square of the order parameter in a nearly quantum-critical magnet can nucleate an ordered droplet while the bulk system is in the paramagnetic phase. We study the influence of long-range spatial interactions of the form r{sup -(d+{sigma})} on the droplet formation. To this end, we solve a Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson free energy in saddle-point approximation. The long-range interaction causes the droplet to develop an energetically unfavorable power-law tail. However, for {sigma}>0, the free energy contribution of this tail is subleading in the limit of large droplets; and the droplet formation is controlled by the defect bulk. Thus, for large defects, long-range interactions do not hinder the formation of droplets.
Understanding Long-Range Correlations in DNA sequences
Li, W; Kaneko, K; Wentian Li; Thomas G Marr; Kunihiko Kaneko
1994-01-01
Abstract: In this paper, we review the literature on statistical long-range correlation in DNA sequences. We examine the current evidence for these correlations, and conclude that a mixture of many length scales (including some relatively long ones) in DNA sequences is responsible for the observed 1/f-like spectral component. We note the complexity of the correlation structure in DNA sequences. The observed complexity often makes it hard, or impossible, to decompose the sequence into a few statistically stationary regions. We suggest that, based on the complexity of DNA sequences, a fruitful approach to understand long-range correlation is to model duplication, and other rearrangement processes, in DNA sequences. One model, called ``expansion-modification system", contains only point duplication and point mutation. Though simplistic, this model is able to generate sequences with 1/f spectra. We emphasize the importance of DNA duplication in its contribution to the observed long-range correlation in DNA sequen...
Long-range interactions in lattice field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lattice quantum field theories containing fermions can be formulated in a chirally invariant way provided long-range interactions are introduced. It is established that in weak-coupling perturbation theory such a lattice theory is renormalizable when the corresponding continuum theory is, and that the continuum theory is indeed recovered in the perturbative continuum limit. In the strong-coupling limit of these theories one is led to study an effective Hamiltonian describing a Heisenberg antiferromagnet with long-range interactions. Block-spin renormalization group methods are used to find a critical rate of falloff of the interactions, approximately as inverse distance squared, which separates a nearest-neighbor-antiferromagnetic phase from a phase displaying identifiable long-range effects. A duality-type symmetry is present in some block-spin calculations
Long-range interactions in lattice field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rabin, J.M.
1981-06-01
Lattice quantum field theories containing fermions can be formulated in a chirally invariant way provided long-range interactions are introduced. It is established that in weak-coupling perturbation theory such a lattice theory is renormalizable when the corresponding continuum theory is, and that the continuum theory is indeed recovered in the perturbative continuum limit. In the strong-coupling limit of these theories one is led to study an effective Hamiltonian describing a Heisenberg antiferromagnet with long-range interactions. Block-spin renormalization group methods are used to find a critical rate of falloff of the interactions, approximately as inverse distance squared, which separates a nearest-neighbor-antiferromagnetic phase from a phase displaying identifiable long-range effects. A duality-type symmetry is present in some block-spin calculations.
Ordered droplets in quantum magnets with long-range interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A defect coupling to the square of the order parameter in a nearly quantum-critical magnet can nucleate an ordered droplet while the bulk system is in the paramagnetic phase. We study the influence of long-range spatial interactions of the form r-(d+σ) on the droplet formation. To this end, we solve a Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson free energy in saddle-point approximation. The long-range interaction causes the droplet to develop an energetically unfavorable power-law tail. However, for σ>0, the free energy contribution of this tail is subleading in the limit of large droplets; and the droplet formation is controlled by the defect bulk. Thus, for large defects, long-range interactions do not hinder the formation of droplets
Imaging using long range dipolar field effects Nuclear magnetic resonance
Gutteridge, S
2002-01-01
The work in this thesis has been undertaken by the except where indicated in reference, within the Magnetic Resonance Centre, at the University of Nottingham during the period from October 1998 to March 2001. This thesis details the different characteristics of the long range dipolar field and its application to magnetic resonance imaging. The long range dipolar field is usually neglected in nuclear magnetic resonance experiments, as molecular tumbling decouples its effect at short distances. However, in highly polarised samples residual long range components have a significant effect on the evolution of the magnetisation, giving rise to multiple spin echoes and unexpected quantum coherences. Three applications utilising these dipolar field effects are documented in this thesis. The first demonstrates the spatial sensitivity of the signal generated via dipolar field effects in structured liquid state samples. The second utilises the signal produced by the dipolar field to create proton spin density maps. Thes...
Long-range dependence in interest rates and monetary policy
Cajueiro, Daniel O.; Tabak, Benjamin M.
2008-01-01
This Letter studies the dynamics of Brazilian interest rates for short-term maturities. The Letter employs developed techniques in the econophysics literature and tests for long-range dependence in the term structure of these interest rates for the last decade. Empirical results suggest that the degree of long-range dependence has changed over time due to changes in monetary policy, specially in the short-end of the term structure of interest rates. Therefore, we show that it is possible to identify monetary arrangements using these techniques from econophysics.
Long-range dependence in Interest Rates and Monetary Policy
Cajueiro, D O; Cajueiro, Daniel O.; Tabak, Benjamin M.
2006-01-01
This paper studies the dynamics of Brazilian interest rates for short-term maturities. The paper employs developed techniques in the econophysics literature and tests for long-range dependence in the term structure of these interest rates for the last decade. Empirical results suggest that the degree of long-range dependence has changed over time due to changes in monetary policy, specially in the short-end of the term structure of interest rates. Therefore, we show that it is possible to identify monetary arrangements using these techniques from econophysics.
Helioseismology with long-range dark matter-baryon interactions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lopes, I.; Panci, Paolo; Silk, J.
2014-01-01
Assuming the existence of a primordial asymmetry in the dark sector, we study how long-range dark matter (DM)-baryon interactions, induced by the kinetic mixing of a new U(1) gauge boson and a photon, affect the evolution of the Sun and, in turn, the sound speed the profile obtained from...... agreement between the best solar model and the helioseismic data without being excluded by direct detection experiments. In particular, the LUX detector will soon be able to either constrain or confirm our best-fit solar model in the presence of a dark sector with long-range interactions that reconcile...
Critical temperature of a chain of long range interacting ferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pino, L A del [Facultad de Montana, Universidad de Pinar del Rio (Cuba); Troncoso, P; Curilef, S [Departaniento de Fisica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Antofagasta (Chile)], E-mail: scurilef@ucn.cl
2008-11-01
The thermodynamic behavior of systems with long range interactions is anomalous, because there are some problems about defining the thermodynamic limit. A way to solve the problem is to use scaled thermodynamic quantities. In this work, we use a nonextensive scaling into Hamiltonian and characterize transitions between two different magnetic ordering phases. The critical temperature is estimated by Binder method. Ferromagnetic long range interactions are included in a special Hamiltonian through a power law that decays at large interparticle distance r as r{sup -{alpha}} for {alpha} {>=} 0. In addition, we improve the known nonextensive scaling and obtain the critical temperature for several values of {alpha}.
Enzymatic cellulose oxidation is linked to lignin by long-range electron transfer
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Westereng, Bjorge; Cannella, David; Wittrup Agger, Jane;
2015-01-01
in biological systems are only partly understood. We show here that insoluble high molecular weight lignin functions as a reservoir of electrons facilitating LPMO activity. The electrons are donated to the enzyme by long-range electron transfer involving soluble low molecular weight lignins present...... in plant cell walls. Electron transfer was confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy showing that LPMO activity on cellulose changes the level of unpaired electrons in the lignin. The discovery of a long-range electron transfer mechanism links the biodegradation of cellulose and...... lignin and sheds new light on how oxidative enzymes present in plant degraders may act in concert....
Directional couplers using long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Boltasseva, Alexandra; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.
2006-01-01
We present an experimental study of guiding and routing of electromagnetic radiation along the nanometer-thin and micrometer-wide gold stripes embedded in a polymer via excitation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LR-SPPs) in a very broad wavelength range from 1000 to 1650 mn. For straigh...
Photonic bandgap structures for long-range surface plasmon polaritons
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; Boltasseva, Alexandra; Søndergaard, Thomas;
2005-01-01
Propagation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LR-SPPs) along periodically thickness-modulated metal stripes embedded in dielectric is studied both theoretically and experimentally for light wavelengths in the telecom range. We demonstrate that symmetric (with respect to the film surface) ...
Strategic Long Range Planning for Universities. AIR Forum 1980 Paper.
Baker, Michael E.
The use of strategic long-range planning at Carnegie-Mellon University (CMU) is discussed. A structure for strategic planning analysis that integrates existing techniques is presented, and examples of planning activities at CMU are included. The key concept in strategic planning is competitive advantage: if a university has a competitive…
On a new type of long-range forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown that systems with non fixed (precessing) spin can generate long-range forces, though particle components constituting the system do not possess this property. The equations of motion describing the connection of a new field with its sources are derived. 9 refs. (author)
Long-range interactions in dilute granular systems
Müller, Micha-Klaus
2008-01-01
In this thesis, on purpose, we focussed on the most challenging, longest ranging potentials. We analyzed granular media of low densities obeying 1/r long-range interaction potentials between the granules. Such systems are termed granular gases and differ in their behavior from ordinary gases by diss
Glass Formation in a Periodic Long-Range Josephson Array
Chandra, P.; Feigelman, M. V.; Ioffe, L. B.
1995-01-01
We present an analytic study of a dynamical instability in a periodic long-range Josephson array frustrated by a weak transverse field. This glass transition is characterized by a diverging relaxation time and a jump in the Edwards-Anderson order parameter; it is {\\sl not} accompanied by a coinciding static transition.
The long-range electromobility; Die Langstrecken-Elektromobilitaet
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burkert, Andreas
2013-05-01
The recent advances in the fuel cell technology prompted the automotive developers to bring to design hybrid electric vehicles with a fuel cell and a lithium-ion battery. Thus, the long-range electric mobility is possible at a short refueling time simultaneously. In addition, the lithium battery is suitable for preconditioning of the hydrogen fuel cell.
Effects of long-range coupling on aggregation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Numerical simulations of a 2D biharmonic equation ∇4u = 0 show that a transition from dense to multibranched growth is a consequence of long-range coupling between displacements on the patter formation of fractal aggregates. (author). 7 refs, 2 figs
Integrated Optical Components Utilizing Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Boltasseva, Alexandra; Nikolajsen, Thomas; Leosson, Kristjan; Kjær, Kasper; Larsen, Morten S.; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.
2005-01-01
New optical waveguide technology for integrated optics, based on propagation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LR-SPPs) along metal stripes embedded in dielectric, is presented. Guiding and routing of electromagnetic radiation along nanometer-thin and micrometer-wide gold stripes embedded...
Quantum long-range interactions in general relativity
Khriplovich, I. B.; Kirilin, G. G.
2004-01-01
We consider one-loop effects in general relativity which result in quantum long-range corrections to the Newton law, as well as to the gravitational spin-dependent and velocity-dependent interactions. Some contributions to these effects can be interpreted as quantum corrections to the Schwarzschild and Kerr metric.
Phase model analysis of the long-range excitation in the hippocampal CA1 model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The synchronization of rhythms in various frequency ranges over participating cortical areas is one of the important issues in neuroscience. Experimental and modeling studies suggest that rhythms of the beta frequency range have a dynamical structure distinct from that of the gamma rhythms. To elucidate the mechanism of synchronization, the role of the long-range excitatory connection which is incorporated with finite conduction delay time needs to be analyzed. This work attempts such analysis, utilizing the reduced phase oscillator model. It is shown that the long-range gamma rhythm remains unstable, regardless of the presence of the excitatory connection. However, the beta rhythm is stable over a broad range of conduction time delay, which cannot apparently be tolerated by the long-range gamma rhythm. These synchronization features are consistent with experimental observations which imply that gamma rhythms are used for local computations, whereas beta rhythms are used for higher level interactions involving more distant structures.
The long-range interaction landscape of gene promoters.
Sanyal, Amartya; Lajoie, Bryan R; Jain, Gaurav; Dekker, Job
2012-09-01
The vast non-coding portion of the human genome is full of functional elements and disease-causing regulatory variants. The principles defining the relationships between these elements and distal target genes remain unknown. Promoters and distal elements can engage in looping interactions that have been implicated in gene regulation. Here we have applied chromosome conformation capture carbon copy (5C) to interrogate comprehensively interactions between transcription start sites (TSSs) and distal elements in 1% of the human genome representing the ENCODE pilot project regions. 5C maps were generated for GM12878, K562 and HeLa-S3 cells and results were integrated with data from the ENCODE consortium. In each cell line we discovered >1,000 long-range interactions between promoters and distal sites that include elements resembling enhancers, promoters and CTCF-bound sites. We observed significant correlations between gene expression, promoter-enhancer interactions and the presence of enhancer RNAs. Long-range interactions show marked asymmetry with a bias for interactions with elements located ∼120 kilobases upstream of the TSS. Long-range interactions are often not blocked by sites bound by CTCF and cohesin, indicating that many of these sites do not demarcate physically insulated gene domains. Furthermore, only ∼7% of looping interactions are with the nearest gene, indicating that genomic proximity is not a simple predictor for long-range interactions. Finally, promoters and distal elements are engaged in multiple long-range interactions to form complex networks. Our results start to place genes and regulatory elements in three-dimensional context, revealing their functional relationships. PMID:22955621
Long-Range Correlations in Physical and Biological Systems.
Peng, Chung-Kang
1993-01-01
In this thesis, I explore a wide variety of physical and biological systems without any temporal (or spatial) characteristic scale. These systems are usually associated with the terms "fractal," "scale free," "1/f noise" and "long-range correlations." In the first part of the thesis, I discuss some general concepts of scale-free systems and introduce several useful analytic and numerical tools to describe and analyze them. In the second part, I study simple physical models that exhibit long-range correlations in their spatial or temporal sequences. Two concrete examples are the one -dimensional diffusion of hard-core particles and the diffusion of particles in a random velocity field. Although, both examples exhibit power-law behavior in their velocity auto -correlation function, higher order correlations are completely different. Furthermore, I apply a novel numerical algorithm for generating correlated stochastic variables to study numerically the behavior of a dynamical system in the presence of long-range correlated noise. In the last part, I present two biological systems with long-range correlations: The DNA sequences and the human heartbeat time series. Two observations are made: (1) By constructing a 1:1 map of the nucleotide sequence onto a walk--called a "DNA walk," one can show that long -range correlations exist in non-coding nucleotide sequences but not in cDNA (protein coding) sequences. (2) Under healthy conditions, cardiac interbeat interval dynamics exhibit long-term correlations; with severe pathology this correlation behavior breaks down. For both systems, I discuss possible origins of these correlations and their biological implications.
Reaching for the Horizon: The 2015 NSAC Long Range Plan
Geesaman, Donald
2015-10-01
In April 2014, the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee was charged to conduct a new study of the opportunities and priorities for United States nuclear physics research and to recommend a long range plan for the coordinated advancement of the Nation's nuclear science program over the next decade. The entire community actively contributed to developing this plan. Ideas and goals, new and old, were examined and community priorities were established. The Long Range Plan Working Group gathered at Kitty Hawk, NC to converge on the recommendations. In this talk I will discuss the vision for the future that has emerged from this process. The new plan, ``Reaching for the Horizon,'' offers the promise of great leaps forward in our understanding of nuclear science and new opportunities for nuclear science to serve society. This work was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Observation of Prethermalization in Long-Range Interacting Spin Chains
Neyenhuis, B; Lee, A C; Zhang, J; Richerme, P; Hess, P W; Gong, Z -X; Gorshkov, A V; Monroe, C
2016-01-01
Statistical mechanics can predict thermal equilibrium states for most classical systems, but for an isolated quantum system there is no general understanding on how equilibrium states dynamically emerge from the microscopic Hamiltonian. For instance, quantum systems that are near-integrable usually fail to thermalize in an experimentally realistic time scale and, instead, relax to quasi-stationary prethermal states that can be described by statistical mechanics when approximately conserved quantities are appropriately included in a generalized Gibbs ensemble (GGE). Here we experimentally study the relaxation dynamics of a chain of up to 22 spins evolving under a long-range transverse field Ising Hamiltonian following a sudden quench. For sufficiently long-ranged interactions the system relaxes to a new type of prethermal state that retains a strong memory of the initial conditions. In this case, the prethermal state cannot be described by a GGE, but rather arises from an emergent double-well potential felt by...
Periodic discrete energy for long-range potentials
Hardin, D. P.; Saff, E. B.; Simanek, B.
2014-12-01
We consider periodic energy problems in Euclidean space with a special emphasis on long-range potentials that cannot be defined through the usual infinite sum. One of our main results builds on more recent developments of Ewald summation to define the periodic energy corresponding to a large class of long-range potentials. Two particularly interesting examples are the logarithmic potential and the Riesz potential when the Riesz parameter is smaller than the dimension of the space. For these examples, we use analytic continuation methods to provide concise formulas for the periodic kernel in terms of the Epstein Hurwitz Zeta function. We apply our energy definition to deduce several properties of the minimal energy including the asymptotic order of growth and the distribution of points in energy minimizing configurations as the number of points becomes large. We conclude with some detailed calculations in the case of one dimension, which shows the utility of this approach.
Long-range Coulomb interaction in nodal-ring semimetals
Huh, Yejin; Moon, Eun-Gook; Kim, Yong Baek
2016-01-01
Recently there have been several proposals of materials predicted to be nodal-ring semimetals, where zero energy excitations are characterized by a nodal ring in the momentum space. This class of materials falls between the Dirac-like semimetals and the more conventional Fermi-surface systems. As a step towards understanding this unconventional system, we explore the effects of the long-range Coulomb interaction. Due to the vanishing density of states at the Fermi level, Coulomb interaction is only partially screened and remains long-ranged. Through renormalization group and large-Nf computations, we have identified a nontrivial interacting fixed point. The screened Coulomb interaction at the interacting fixed point is an irrelevant perturbation, allowing controlled perturbative evaluations of physical properties of quasiparticles. We discuss unique experimental consequences of such quasiparticles: acoustic wave propagation, anisotropic dc conductivity, and renormalized phonon dispersion as well as energy dependence of quasiparticle lifetime.
The long-range interaction of relativistic hydrogen atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A treatment is given of long-range interatomic forces that exhibits the following features: (a) the result is valid both at small separations and in the retarded (long range) regime, (b) all atomic multipole moments are taken into account and (c) the treatment includes relativistic effects up to any desired order. The third requirement can be met for hydrogen atoms of which electrons are described by the relativistic Dirac theory. The interaction energy of two such atoms is broken up in a retarded dispersion energy and a nonretarded induction energy using a multipole expansion in the spherical-tensor formalism which contain orbital and spin contributions. Fourth order perturbation theory is used, and special attention is paid to the asymptotic behavior of the dispersion energy at very large interatomic separations. Finally, semi and nonrelativistic approximations are discussed
Sirius: a long-range infrared search and track system
Knepper, R.
1997-08-01
Sirius is a long range infra red search and track system (LR- IRST) and intended to be used in an anti air warfare (AAW) multisensor suite on board of modern frigates. This Dutch/Canadian development program started 1/1/95 and includes also the evaluation of the system in warm and cold water scenarios. The operational requirements were drafted by both the national navies. The primary task is automatic detection, tracking and reporting of seaskimming missiles at long range. The design is based on recent experiences with IRSTs and the latest technological achievements in the areas of processing capabilities and IR-detectors. In this presentation design drivers and main technical choices are discussed.
Conformal Invariance in the Long-Range Ising Model
Paulos, Miguel F; van Rees, Balt C; Zan, Bernardo
2016-01-01
We consider the question of conformal invariance of the long-range Ising model at the critical point. The continuum description is given in terms of a nonlocal field theory, and the absence of a stress tensor invalidates all of the standard arguments for the enhancement of scale invariance to conformal invariance. We however show that several correlation functions, computed to second order in the epsilon expansion, are nontrivially consistent with conformal invariance. We proceed to give a proof of conformal invariance to all orders in the epsilon expansion, based on the description of the long-range Ising model as a defect theory in an auxiliary higher-dimensional space. A detailed review of conformal invariance in the d-dimensional short-range Ising model is also included and may be of independent interest.
Long-range correlation analysis of urban traffic data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper investigates urban traffic data by analysing the long-range correlation with detrended fluctuation analysis. Through a large number of real data collected by the travel time detection system in Beijing, the variation of flow in different time periods and intersections is studied. According to the long-range correlation in different time scales, it mainly discusses the effect of intersection location in road net, people activity customs and special traffic controls on urban traffic flow. As demonstrated by the obtained results, the urban traffic flow represents three-phase characters similar to highway traffic. Moreover, compared by the two groups of data obtained before and after the special traffic restrictions (vehicles with special numbered plates only run in a special workday) enforcement, it indicates that the rules not only reduce the flow but also avoid irregular fluctuation. (general)
Long-Range Research Plan, FY 1985-FY 1989
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Long-Range Research Plan (LRRP) was prepared by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) to assist the NRC in coordinating its long-range research planning with the short-range budget cycles. The LRRP lays out programmatic approaches for research to help resolve regulatory issues. The plan will be updated annually. This document is divided into the following sections: operating reactor inspection, maintenance, and repair; equipment qualification; seismic research; reactor operations and risk; thermal-hydraulic transients; severe accidents; advanced concepts; radiation protection and health effects; and waste management. The following are also listed as appendices: unresolved safety issues and TMI action plan items, priorities for research program, research program outline, and research utilization report. A glossary of acronyms is included
Entropy and Long range correlations in literary English
Ebeling, W; Ebeling, Werner; Pöschel, Thorsten
1993-01-01
Recently long range correlations were detected in nucleotide sequences and in human writings by several authors. We undertake here a systematic investigation of two books, Moby Dick by H.~Melville and Grimm's tales, with respect to the existence of long range correlations. The analysis is based on the calculation of entropy like quantities as the mutual information for pairs of letters and the entropy, the mean uncertainty, per letter. We further estimate the number of different subwords of a given length $n$. Filtering out the contributions due to the effects of the finite length of the texts, we find correlations ranging to a few hundred letters. Scaling laws for the mutual information (decay with a power law), for the entropy per letter (decay with the inverse square root of $n$) and for the word numbers (stretched exponential growth with $n$ and with a power law of the text length) were found.
When Do Superfluidity and Long Range Order Imply Entanglement?
Vedral, V
2007-01-01
We investigate tacitly assumed relationships between the concepts of super-fluidity (-conductivity), long range order and entanglement. We prove that the three are by no means equivalent, but that notwithstanding, some rigorous implication can be established between them. This leads to three different, albeit frequently related, notions of "criticality", all of which are exemplified within the Hubbard model in the low density regime. We use Peierls' method of twisted Hamiltonians to link the existence of entanglement to superfluidity and (quasi)-long range order. As an application of our formalism, we show that recent experiments with cold atoms already prove the existence of the field theoretic, spatial entanglement in two dimensions. More interestingly, the appearance of entanglement in these experiments seems to be intimately related to the phase transition of the Kosterlitz Thouless type.
Conformal invariance in the long-range Ising model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Miguel F. Paulos
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We consider the question of conformal invariance of the long-range Ising model at the critical point. The continuum description is given in terms of a nonlocal field theory, and the absence of a stress tensor invalidates all of the standard arguments for the enhancement of scale invariance to conformal invariance. We however show that several correlation functions, computed to second order in the epsilon expansion, are nontrivially consistent with conformal invariance. We proceed to give a proof of conformal invariance to all orders in the epsilon expansion, based on the description of the long-range Ising model as a defect theory in an auxiliary higher-dimensional space. A detailed review of conformal invariance in the d-dimensional short-range Ising model is also included and may be of independent interest.
Effects of long-range magnetic interactions on DLA aggregation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Xu Xiaojun [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Cai Pinggen [Department of Applied Physics, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310032 (China); Ye Quanlin [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Xia Agen [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Ye Gaoxiang [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)]. E-mail: gxye@mail.hz.zj.cn
2005-04-18
An extra degree of freedom is introduced in the well-known diffusion-limited aggregation model, i.e., the growth entities are 'spin' taking. The model with long-range magnetic interactions that decay as {beta}C/r{sup {alpha}} on two-dimensional square lattices is studied for different values of {alpha}. This model leads to a wide variety of kinetic processes and morphology distribution with both the coupling energy {beta}C and the range of the interactions, i.e., the exponent {alpha}. The simulated result of the model shows that the 'quenching' of the degree of freedom on the cluster by the long-range magnetic interactions leads to branching or compactness, but, moreover, to combined geometric and physical 'transitions' of the aggregations with the growth parameters.
Entropy and long-range correlations in random symbolic sequences
Melnik, S S
2014-01-01
The goal of this paper is to develop an estimate for the entropy of random long-range correlated symbolic sequences with elements belonging to a finite alphabet. As a plausible model, we use the high-order additive stationary ergodic Markov chain. Supposing that the correlations between random elements of the chain are weak we express the differential entropy of the sequence by means of the symbolic pair correlation function. We also examine an algorithm for estimating the differential entropy of finite symbolic sequences. We show that the entropy contains two contributions, the correlation and fluctuation ones. The obtained analytical results are used for numerical evaluation of the entropy of written English texts and DNA nucleotide sequences. The developed theory opens the way for constructing a more consistent and sophisticated approach to describe the systems with strong short- and weak long-range correlations.
Long-range memory model of trading activity and volatility
Gontis, V
2006-01-01
Earlier we proposed the stochastic point process model, which reproduces a variety of self-affine time series exhibiting power spectral density S(f) scaling as power of the frequency f and derived a stochastic differential equation with the same long range memory properties. Here we present a stochastic differential equation as a dynamical model of the observed memory in the financial time series. The continuous stochastic process reproduces the statistical properties of the trading activity and serves as a background model for the modeling waiting time, return and volatility. Empirically observed statistical properties: exponents of the power-law probability distributions and power spectral density of the long-range memory financial variables are reproduced with the same values of few model parameters.
Long Range Proximity Effect in Hybrid Ferromagnetic/Superconducting Nanostructures
Petrashov, V. T.; Sosnin, I. A.; Troadec, C.
2000-01-01
We find that the dependence on temperature and magnetic field of the electrical resistance of diffusive ferromagnetic nano-wires measured with superconducting electrodes changes drastically with the distance, $L$, between the ferromagnet/superconductor contacts, however is remarkably similar for the wires with the same $L$ ranging from 300 nm to 1000 nm, prepared under identical conditions. The result gives an evidence for the long-range superconductor-induced changes in transport properties ...
Long-range radionuclide transfer in air and water systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range radionuclide air transfer of radionuclide after the first nuclear explosions and after accidents at nuclear installations is observed. Data on transport of radionuclides by the Yenisej river, Pripyat' river, Sozh river, Iput' river, Besed' river are given. The time of radionuclide transfer from Irish sea to Baltic and Barents sea has been defined using change of a relationship of isotopes Cs 134/Cs 137. (authors)
Asymptotic optimal designs under long-range dependence error structure
Dette, Holger; Pepelyshev, Andrey; Zhigljavsky, Anatoly; 10.3150/09-BEJ185
2010-01-01
We discuss the optimal design problem in regression models with long-range dependence error structure. Asymptotic optimal designs are derived and it is demonstrated that these designs depend only indirectly on the correlation function. Several examples are investigated to illustrate the theory. Finally, the optimal designs are compared with asymptotic optimal designs which were derived by Bickel and Herzberg [Ann. Statist. 7 (1979) 77--95] for regression models with short-range dependent error.
Cooperative long range protein-protein dynamics in Purple Membrane
Rheinstadter, Maikel; Schmalzl, Karin; Wood, Kathleen; Strauch, Dieter
2008-01-01
We present experimental evidence for a long-range protein-protein interaction in purple membrane (PM). The interprotein dynamics were quantified by measuring the spectrum of the acoustic phonons in the 2D bacteriorhodopsin (BR) protein lattice using inelastic neutron scattering. Phonon energies of about 1 meV were determined. The data are compared to an analytical model, and the effective spring constant for the interaction between neighboring protein trimers are determined to be k=53 N/m. Ad...
Pairwise long-range compensation for strongly ionic systems
Kale, Seyit; Herzfeld, Judith
2011-01-01
We propose a pairwise compensation method for long-range electrostatics, as an alternative to traditional infinite lattice sums. The approach represents the third generation in a series beginning with the shifted potential corresponding to counterions surrounding a cutoff sphere. That simple charge compensation scheme resulted in pairwise potentials that are continuous at the cutoff, but forces that are not. A second-generation approach modified both the potential and the force such that both...
Long range coherent magnetic bound states in superconductors
Ménard, Gerbold C.; Guissart, Sébastien; Brun, Christophe; Pons, Stéphane; Stolyarov, Vasily S.; Debontridder, François; Leclerc, Matthieu V.; Janod, Etienne; Cario, Laurent; Roditchev, Dimitri; Simon, Pascal; Cren, Tristan
2015-01-01
The quantum coherent coupling of completely different degrees of freedom is a challenging path towards creating new functionalities for quantum electronics. Usually the antagonistic coupling between spins of magnetic impurities and superconductivity leads to the destruction of the superconducting order. Here we show that a localized classical spin of an iron atom immersed in a superconducting condensate can give rise to new kind of long range coherent magnetic quantum state. In addition to th...
Ridge and Transverse Correlation without Long-Range Longitudinal Correlation
Chiu, Charles B.; Hwa, Rudolph C.
2013-01-01
A simple phenomenological relationship between the ridge distribution in Δη and the single-particle distribution in η can be established from the PHOBOS data on both distributions. The implication points to the possibility that it is not necessary to have long-range longitudinal correlation to explain the data. An interpretation of the relationship is then developed, based on the recognition that longitudinal uncertainty of the initial configuration allows for non-Hubble-like expansion at ear...
On a universal mechanism for long ranged volatility correlations
Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe; Giardina, Irene; Mezard, Marc
2000-01-01
We propose a general interpretation for long-range correlation effects in the activity and volatility of financial markets. This interpretation is based on the fact that the choice between `active' and `inactive' strategies is subordinated to random-walk like processes. We numerically demonstrate our scenario in the framework of simplified market models, such as the Minority Game model with an inactive strategy. We show that real market data can be surprisingly well accounted for by these sim...
Possible Glassiness in a Periodic Long-Range Josephson Array
Chandra, P.; Ioffe, L. B.; Sherrington, D.
1995-01-01
We present an analytic study of a periodic Josephson array with long-range interactions in a transverse magnetic field. We find that this system exhibits a first-order transition into a phase characterized by an extensive number of states separated by barriers that scale with the system size; the associated discontinuity is small in the limit of weak applied field, thus permitting an explicit analysis in this regime.
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nokura, Kazuo [Shonan Institute of Technology, Fujisawa 251-8511 (Japan)
2003-11-28
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states.
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states
Learning Long-range Terrain Perception for Autonomous Mobile Robots
Mingjun Wang; Jun Zhou; Jun Tu; Chengliang Liu
2010-01-01
Long-range terrain perception has a high value in performing efficient autonomous navigation and risky intervention tasks for field robots, such as earlier recognition of hazards, better path planning, and higher speeds. However, Stereo-based navigation systems can only perceive near-field terrain due to the nearsightedness of stereo vision. Many near-to-far learning methods, based on regions' appearance features, are proposed to predict the far-field terrain. We p...
Ultralong atmospheric waves and a long-range forecasting
KURBATKIN, G. P.
2011-01-01
A hydrodynamic model of a long-range forecasting of planetary waves is described. In developing this model a priori meteorological information together with the theory of atmospheric instability was used. To solve the filtered multi-level model the spectral method of spherical harmonics was applied. The most large-scale harmonics of “climatic sources” were computed from the acquired data on the state of the atmosphere during a long period of time. Heating and dissipation were estimated with t...
The long range distributed fiber raman photon temperature sensor
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
A 31 km long range distributed optical fiber Raman photon temperature sensor (DOFRPTS) system have been developed based on temperature effect of the amplified spontaneous Raman scattering in fiber, and using fiber laser as a pumped source. The results show that temperature measuring uncertainty is ±2 ℃, temperature resolution is 0.1 ℃, measurement time is 432 s, spatial resolution is less than 4 m.
Segmentation of time series with long-range fractal correlations
Bernaola-Galván, P.; Oliver, J.L.; Hackenberg, M.; Coronado, A.V.; Ivanov, P.Ch.; Carpena, P.
2012-01-01
Segmentation is a standard method of data analysis to identify change-points dividing a nonstationary time series into homogeneous segments. However, for long-range fractal correlated series, most of the segmentation techniques detect spurious change-points which are simply due to the heterogeneities induced by the correlations and not to real nonstationarities. To avoid this oversegmentation, we present a segmentation algorithm which takes as a reference for homogeneity, instead of a random i.i.d. series, a correlated series modeled by a fractional noise with the same degree of correlations as the series to be segmented. We apply our algorithm to artificial series with long-range correlations and show that it systematically detects only the change-points produced by real nonstationarities and not those created by the correlations of the signal. Further, we apply the method to the sequence of the long arm of human chromosome 21, which is known to have long-range fractal correlations. We obtain only three segments that clearly correspond to the three regions of different G + C composition revealed by means of a multi-scale wavelet plot. Similar results have been obtained when segmenting all human chromosome sequences, showing the existence of previously unknown huge compositional superstructures in the human genome. PMID:23645997
ENSEMBLE methods to reconcile disparate national long range dispersion forecasting
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mikkelsen, T.; Galmarini, S.; Bianconi, R.; French, S. (eds.)
2003-11-01
ENSEMBLE is a web-based decision support system for real-time exchange and evaluation of national long-range dispersion forecasts of nuclear releases with cross-boundary consequences. The system is developed with the purpose to reconcile among disparate national forecasts for long-range dispersion. ENSEMBLE addresses the problem of achieving a common coherent strategy across European national emergency management when national long-range dispersion forecasts differ from one another during an accidental atmospheric release of radioactive material. A series of new decision-making 'ENSEMBLE' procedures and Web-based software evaluation and exchange tools have been created for real-time reconciliation and harmonisation of real-time dispersion forecasts from meteorological and emergency centres across Europe during an accident. The new ENSEMBLE software tools is available to participating national emergency and meteorological forecasting centres, which may choose to integrate them directly into operational emergency information systems, or possibly use them as a basis for future system development. (au)
Statistical mechanics of systems with long range interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Many physical systems are governed by long range interactions, the main example being self-gravitating stars. Long range interaction implies a lack of additivity for the energy. As a consequence, the usual thermodynamic limit is not appropriate. However, by contrast with many claims, the statistical mechanics of such systems is a well understood subject. In this proceeding, we explain briefly the classical way to equilibrium and non equilibrium statistical mechanics, starting from first principles and emphasizing some new results. At equilibrium, we explain how the Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy can be proved to be the appropriate one, using large deviations tools. We explain the thermodynamics consequences of the lack of additivity, like the generic occurrence of statistical ensemble inequivalence and negative specific heat. This well known behavior is not the only way inequivalence may occur, as emphasized by a recent new classification of phase transitions and ensemble inequivalence in systems with long range interaction. We note a number of generic situations that have not yet been observed in any physical systems. Out of equilibrium, we show that algebraic temporal correlations or anomalous diffusion may occur in these systems, and can be explained using usual statistical mechanics and kinetic theory
ENSEMBLE methods to reconcile disparate national long range dispersion forecasting
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
ENSEMBLE is a web-based decision support system for real-time exchange and evaluation of national long-range dispersion forecasts of nuclear releases with cross-boundary consequences. The system is developed with the purpose to reconcile among disparate national forecasts for long-range dispersion. ENSEMBLE addresses the problem of achieving a common coherent strategy across European national emergency management when national long-range dispersion forecasts differ from one another during an accidental atmospheric release of radioactive material. A series of new decision-making 'ENSEMBLE' procedures and Web-based software evaluation and exchange tools have been created for real-time reconciliation and harmonisation of real-time dispersion forecasts from meteorological and emergency centres across Europe during an accident. The new ENSEMBLE software tools is available to participating national emergency and meteorological forecasting centres, which may choose to integrate them directly into operational emergency information systems, or possibly use them as a basis for future system development. (au)
Chen, Lung-Chi
2010-01-01
We consider random walk and self-avoiding walk whose 1-step distribution is given by D, and oriented percolation whose bond-occupation probability is proportional to D. Suppose that D(x) decays as |x|^{-d-a} with a>0. For random walk in any dimension and for self-avoiding walk and critical/subcritical oriented percolation above the common upper-critical dimension 2min{a,2}, we prove large-t asymptotics of the gyration radius, which is the average end-to-end distance of random walk/self-avoiding walk of length t or the average spatial size of an oriented-percolation cluster at time t. This proves the conjecture for long-range self-avoiding walk by Heydenreich and for long-range oriented percolation in Chen and Sakai (2009).
Report on long range alpha detector (LRAD) performance tests
Kobayashi, H; Ishikawa, H; Unno, M; Yoshida, T
2002-01-01
At present, alpha contamination measurement on objects is conducted with ZnS scintillation survey meter (direct method) and smear test (indirect method). But it is difficult to measure large and complicated objects by direct method. Long Range Alpha Detector (LRAD) was produced as a solution for this problem. We carried out performance tests of this LRAD. As a result of the performance tests, we confirmed the linear relation between the measurement values of LRAD and alpha-radioactivity on the surface of objects.
Effective Long-Range Interactions in Confined Curved Dimensions
Schmelcher, Peter
2011-01-01
We explore the effective long-range interaction of charged particles confined to a curved low-dimensional manifold using the example of a helical geometry. Opposite to the Coulomb interaction in free space the confined particles experience a force which is oscillating with the distance between the particles. This leads to stable equilibrium configurations and correspondingly induced bound states whose number is tunable with the parameters of the helix. We demonstrate the existence of a plethora of equilibria of few-body chains with different symmetry character that are allowed to freely move. An outline concerning the implications on many-body helical chains is provided.
ENSEMBLE methods to reconcile disparate national long range dispersion forecasts
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mikkelsen, Torben; Galmarini, S.; Bianconi, R.;
2003-01-01
and Web-based software evaluation and exchange tools have been created for real-time reconciliation and harmonisation of real-time dispersion forecastsfrom meteorological and emergency centres across Europe during an accident. The new ENSEMBLE software tools is available to participating national....... ENSEMBLE addresses the problem of achieving a common coherent strategy across European national emergency management when national long-range dispersion forecasts differ from one another during an accidentalatmospheric release of radioactive material. A series of new decision-making “ENSEMBLE” procedures...
DIII-D tokamak long range plan. Revision 3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The DIII-D Tokamak Long Range Plan for controlled thermonuclear magnetic fusion research will be carried out with broad national and international participation. The plan covers: (1) operation of the DIII-D tokamak to conduct research experiments to address needs of the US Magnetic Fusion Program; (2) facility modifications to allow these new experiments to be conducted; and (3) collaborations with other laboratories to integrate DIII-D research into the national and international fusion programs. The period covered by this plan is 1 November 19983 through 31 October 1998
INEL D ampersand D long-range plan
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This Long-Range Plan presents the Decontamination and Dismantlement (D ampersand D) Program planning status for facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The plan provides a general description of the D ampersand D Program objectives, management criteria, and policy; discusses current activities; and documents the INEL D ampersand D Program cost and schedule estimate projections for the next 15 years. Appendices are included that provide INEL D ampersand D project historical information, a comprehensive descriptive summary of each current D ampersand D surplus facility, and a summary database of all INEL contaminated facilities awaiting or undergoing the facility transition process
Sensitivity in the trajectory of long-range -particle
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
P V Kunhikrishnan; A Rajan Nambiar; K P Santhosh
2012-09-01
The factors influencing the trajectory of long-range -particle in the cold ternary fission of 252Cf are discussed. The trajectory of the -particle is studied by considering the influence of the force on the -particle due to Coulomb and proximity potentials and is found to have sensitive dependence on the initial position and initial energy of the -particle. The sensitivity to initial conditions signifies the presence of deterministic chaos which is characterized by Lyapunov exponent (LE). The LE is calculated using Wolf’s algorithm and found positive which implies that the objectives of trajectory calculations are restricted.
The parabolic Anderson model and long-range percolation
Erhard, Dirk
2014-01-01
This thesis has two parts. The first part deals with the parabolic Anderson model, which is a stochastic differential equation. It models the evolution of a field of particles performing independent simple random walks with binary branching. The focus of this work is on the exponential growth rate of the solution, where several basic properties are derived. The second part deals with two long-range percolation models. The occupied set of the first model is obtained by taking the union of a co...
INEL D ampersand D Long-Range Plan
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This Long-Range Plan presents the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) Program planning status for facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The plan provides a general description of the D ampersand D Program objectives, management criteria, and philosophy; discusses current activities; and documents the INEL D ampersand D Program cost and schedule estimate projections for the next 15 years. appendices are included that provide INEL D ampersand D project historical information and a comprehensive descriptive summary of each current surplus facility
Rotational structures of long-range diatomic molecules
Gao, Bo
2004-01-01
We present a systematic understanding of the rotational structure of a long-range (vibrationally highly-excited) diatomic molecule. For example, we show that depending on a quantum defect, the least-bound vibrational state of a diatomic molecule with $-C_n/r^n$ ($n>2$) asymptotic interaction can have only 1, 2, and up to a maximum of $n-2$ rotational states. A classification scheme of diatomic molecules is proposed, in which each class has a distinctive rotational structure and corresponds to...
Finite temperature CPN-1 model and long range Neel order
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study in d space-dimensions the finite temperature behavior of long range Neel order (LRNO) in CPN-1 model as a low energy effective field theory of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. For d≤1, or d≤2 at any nonzero temperature, LRNO disappears, in agreement with Mermin-Wagner-Coleman's theorem. For d=3 in the weak coupling region, LRNO exists below the critical temperature TN (Neel temperature). TN decreases as the interlayer coupling becomes relatively weak compared with that within Cu-O layers. (author)
Political Mechanisms for Long-Range Survival and Development
Marshall, W.
As the first species aware of extinction and capable of proactively ensuring our long-term survival and development, it is striking that we do not do so with the rigor, formality, and foresight it requires. Only from a reactive posture have we responded to the challenges of global warfare, human rights, environmental concerns, and sustainable development. Despite our awareness of the possibility for extinction and apocalyptic set-backs to our evolution, and despite the existence of long-range studies-which must still be dramatically increased-proactive global policy implementation regarding our long-term survival and development is arguably non-existent. This lack of long-term policy making can be attributed in part to the lack of formal political mechanisms to facilitate longer-range policy making that extends 30 years or more into the future. Political mechanisms for infusing long-range thinking, research, and strategic planning into the policy-making process can help correct this shortcoming and provide the motivation needed to adequately address long-term challenges with the political rigor required to effectively establish and implement long-term policies. There are some efforts that attempt to address longer-range issues, but those efforts often do not connect to the political process, do not extend 30 or more years into the future, are not well-funded, and are not sufficiently systemic. Political mechanisms for long-range survival and prosperity could correct these inadequacies by raising awareness, providing funding, and most importantly, leveraging political rigor to establish and enforce long-range strategic planning and policies. The feasibility of such mechanisms should first be rigorously studied and assessed in a feasibility study, which could then inform implementation. This paper will present the case for such a study and suggest some possible political mechanisms that should be investigated further in the proposed study. This work is being further
Intermittency induced long-range cross-correlations
Diakonos, Fotis K; Schmelcher, Peter
2013-01-01
Cross-correlations are usually considered to emerge through interaction between particles. Here we present a mechanism capable to generate power-law cross-correlations between non-interacting particles exposed to an external potential. This phenomenon can occur as an ensemble property when the external potential induces intermittent dynamics, providing laminar and stochastic phases of motion. We have strong indications that the divergence of the mean residence time in the laminar phase of the single particle motion - sporadic dynamics - is a sufficient condition for the emergence of long-range cross-correlations. We argue that this mechanism may be relevant for the occurrence of collective behaviour in critical systems.
Long-range correlations in high multiplicity and collisions
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Gunther Roland
2015-05-01
This review summarizes recent discoveries in high-energy proton+proton and proton+nucleus collisions, with particular attention on the observation of long-range azimuthal correlations in high multiplicity collisions. These correlations, which resemble those seen in ultrarelativistic nucleus–nucleus collisions, provide a unique window into the physics of the very early collision stage in high energy nuclear interactions. Here we present a compilation of the most important experimental results and briefly discuss successes and challenges for a selection of theoretical approaches.
Simulations of aerosol aggregation including long-range interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Current understanding of solid aerosol particle aggregation is limited to simulation models based on diffusive and ballistic motion of the colliding particles. The role of the long-range van der Waals forces in aggregation phenomena, although important, has never been examined. In an effort to address this issue, a simulation model, based on molecular dynamics techniques, is developed. Using this model to simulate thermal collisions of single spheres with small aggregates of similar spheres, we examine the effects of retardation of the long-range van der Waals forces, particle transport, ambient temperature, and pressure on the collision rates and mass and structure distributions of the aggregated particles. The model calculations were performed at simulated temperatures of 293 and 1500 K and at simulated pressures of 760 and 3040 torr for glassy carbon primary particles in the free molecular regime with diameters of 6 nm, and in the transition regime with diameters of 30 nm. Inclusion of the long-range van der Waals forces resulted in aggregates with relatively open structures and few branches and collision rate constants that were larger than the corresponding hard sphere rate constants, whereas exclusion of the forces resulted in compact structures with more branches and smaller enhancements in the rate constants. The above effects were found to be more pronounced in the free molecular regime than in the transition regime, which is consistent with the observation that the initial conditions and the interparticle forces play a more significant role in particle transport in the free molecular regime than in the transition regime. The effect of retardation of the forces is an increase in the percentage of open aggregates and the collision rate constants over that of the corresponding nonretarded case. An increase in temperature resulted in a collapse of aggregate structure and a decrease in collision rate constants corresponding to the reduced geometrical cross
Microbuckling in fibrin networks enables long-range cell mechanosensing
Notbohm, Jacob; Rosakis, Phoebus; Tirrell, David A; Ravichandran, Guruswami
2014-01-01
We show that cells in a fibrous matrix induce deformation fields that propagate over a longer range than predicted by linear elasticity. Synthetic, linear elastic hydrogels used in many mechanotrans- duction studies fail to capture this effect. We develop a nonlinear microstructural finite element model for a fiber network to simulate localized deformations induced by cells. The model captures measured cell-induced matrix displacements from experiments and identifies an important mech- anism for long range cell mechanosensing: loss of compression stiffness due to microbuckling of individual fibers. We show evidence that cells sense each other through the formation of localized intercellular bands of tensile deformations caused by this mechanism.
Long-range dependence and sea level forecasting
Ercan, Ali; Abbasov, Rovshan K
2013-01-01
This study shows that the Caspian Sea level time series possess long range dependence even after removing linear trends, based on analyses of the Hurst statistic, the sample autocorrelation functions, and the periodogram of the series. Forecasting performance of ARMA, ARIMA, ARFIMA and Trend Line-ARFIMA (TL-ARFIMA) combination models are investigated. The forecast confidence bands and the forecast updating methodology, provided for ARIMA models in the literature, are modified for the ARFIMA models. Sample autocorrelation functions are utilized to estimate the differencing lengths of the ARFIMA
Helioseismology with long-range dark matter-baryon interactions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lopes, Ilídio [Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofísica, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Panci, Paolo [CP3-Origins and DIAS, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense (Denmark); Silk, Joseph, E-mail: ilidio.lopes@tecnico.ulisboa.pt, E-mail: panci@iap.fr, E-mail: silk@astro.ox.ac.uk [Institut d' Astrophysique, UMR 7095 CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 98bis Blvd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)
2014-11-10
Assuming the existence of a primordial asymmetry in the dark sector, we study how long-range dark matter (DM)-baryon interactions, induced by the kinetic mixing of a new U(1) gauge boson and a photon, affect the evolution of the Sun and, in turn, the sound speed the profile obtained from helioseismology. Thanks to the explicit dependence on the exchanged momenta in the differential cross section (Rutherford-like scattering), we find that DM particles with a mass of ∼10 GeV, kinetic mixing parameter of the order of 10{sup –9}, and a mediator with a mass smaller than a few MeV improve the agreement between the best solar model and the helioseismic data without being excluded by direct detection experiments. In particular, the LUX detector will soon be able to either constrain or confirm our best-fit solar model in the presence of a dark sector with long-range interactions that reconcile helioseismology with thermal neutrino results.
Long-range response in ac electricity grids.
Jung, Daniel; Kettemann, Stefan
2016-07-01
Local changes in the topology of electricity grids can cause overloads far away from the disturbance [D. Witthaut and M. Timme, Eur. Phys. J. B 86, 377 (2013)EPJBFY1434-602810.1140/epjb/e2013-40469-4], making the prediction of the robustness against changes in the topology-for example, caused by power outages or grid extensions-a challenging task. The impact of single-line additions on the long-range response of dc electricity grids has recently been studied [D. Labavić, R. Suciu, H. Meyer-Ortmanns, and S. Kettemann, Eur. Phys. J.: Spec. Top. 223, 2517 (2014)1951-635510.1140/epjst/e2014-02273-0]. By solving the real part of the static ac load flow equations, we conduct a similar investigation for ac grids. In a regular two-dimensional grid graph with cyclic boundary conditions, we find a power law decay for the change of power flow as a function of distance to the disturbance over a wide range of distances. The power exponent increases and saturates for large system sizes. By applying the same analysis to the German transmission grid topology, we show that also in real-world topologies a long-ranged response can be found. PMID:27575148
Surface tension and long range corrections of cylindrical interfaces
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bourasseau, E. [CEA/DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon Cedex (France); Malfreyt, P. [Université Clermont Auvergne, Université Blaise Pascal, Institut de Chimie de Clermont-Ferrand, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand (France); Ghoufi, A., E-mail: aziz.ghoufi@univ-rennes1.fr [Institut de Physique de Rennes, UMR 6251 CNRS, Université de Rennes 1, 263 avenue Général Leclerc, 35042 Rennes (France)
2015-12-21
The calculation of the surface tension of curved interfaces has been deeply investigated from molecular simulation during this last past decade. Recently, the thermodynamic Test-Area (TA) approach has been extended to the calculation of surface tension of curved interfaces. In the case of the cylindrical vapour-liquid interfaces of water and Lennard-Jones fluids, it was shown that the surface tension was independent of the curvature of the interface. In addition, the surface tension of the cylindrical interface is higher than that of the planar interface. Molecular simulations of cylindrical interfaces have been so far performed (i) by using a shifted potential, (ii) by means of large cutoff without periodic boundary conditions, or (iii) by ignoring the long range corrections to the surface tension due to the difficulty to estimate them. Indeed, unlike the planar interfaces there are no available operational expressions to consider the tail corrections to the surface tension of cylindrical interfaces. We propose here to develop the long range corrections of the surface tension for cylindrical interfaces by using the non-exponential TA (TA2) method. We also extend the formulation of the Mecke-Winkelmann corrections initially developed for planar surfaces to cylindrical interfaces. We complete this study by the calculation of the surface tension of cylindrical surfaces of liquid tin and copper using the embedded atom model potentials.
Surface tension and long range corrections of cylindrical interfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The calculation of the surface tension of curved interfaces has been deeply investigated from molecular simulation during this last past decade. Recently, the thermodynamic Test-Area (TA) approach has been extended to the calculation of surface tension of curved interfaces. In the case of the cylindrical vapour-liquid interfaces of water and Lennard-Jones fluids, it was shown that the surface tension was independent of the curvature of the interface. In addition, the surface tension of the cylindrical interface is higher than that of the planar interface. Molecular simulations of cylindrical interfaces have been so far performed (i) by using a shifted potential, (ii) by means of large cutoff without periodic boundary conditions, or (iii) by ignoring the long range corrections to the surface tension due to the difficulty to estimate them. Indeed, unlike the planar interfaces there are no available operational expressions to consider the tail corrections to the surface tension of cylindrical interfaces. We propose here to develop the long range corrections of the surface tension for cylindrical interfaces by using the non-exponential TA (TA2) method. We also extend the formulation of the Mecke-Winkelmann corrections initially developed for planar surfaces to cylindrical interfaces. We complete this study by the calculation of the surface tension of cylindrical surfaces of liquid tin and copper using the embedded atom model potentials
Long-range dispersion interactions. I. Formalism for two heteronuclear atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A general procedure for systematically evaluating the long-range dispersion interaction between two heteronuclear atoms in arbitrary states is outlined. The C6 dispersion parameter can always be written in terms of sum rules involving oscillator strengths only and formulas for a number of symmetry cases are given. The dispersion coefficients for excited alkali-metal atoms interacting with the ground-state H and He are tabulated
Ion-Specific Long-Range Correlations on Interfacial Water Driven by Hydrogen Bond Fluctuations
Enami, Shinichi; Colussi, Agustín J.
2014-01-01
Some of the most important processes in nature involve interfacial water. It has long been conjectured that specific ion effects therein are associated with the unique properties of interfacial water. Here we reveal the mechanism of such association by showing that the strength of ion-specific long-range correlations tracks the amplification of fluctuations on the surface of water-alcohol mixtures at the percolation thresholds of their hydrogen-bonded water networks. We used in situ online el...
Long-range GABAergic connections distributed throughout the neocortex and their possible function
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nobuaki Tamamaki
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Features and functions of long range GABAergic projection neurons in the developing cerebral cortex have been reported previously, although until now their significance in the adult cerebral cortex has remained uncertain. The septo-hippocampal circuit is one exception – in this system, long range mature GABAergic projection neurons have been well analyzed and their contribution to the generation of theta-oscillatory behavior in the hippocampus has been documented. To have a clue to the function of the GABAergic projection neurons in the neocortex, we view the long range GABAergic projections those participating in the cortico-cortical, cortico-fugal, and afferent projections in the cerebral cortex. Then, we consider the possibility that the GABAergic projection neurons are involved in the generation, modification, and/or synchronization of oscillations in mature neocortical neuron activity. When markers that identify the GABAergic projection neurons are examined in anatomical and developmental studies, it is clear that neuronal NO synthetase (nNOS-immunoreactivity can readily identify GABAergic projection fibers (i.e. those longer than 1.5 mm. To elucidate the role of the GABAergic projection neurons in the neocortex, it will be necessary to clarify the network constructed by nNOS-positive GABAergic projection neurons and their postsynaptic targets. Thus, our long-range goals will be to label and manipulate (including deleting the GABAergic projection neurons using genetic tools driven by a nNOS promoter. We recognize that this may be a complex endeavor, as most excitatory neurons in the murine neocortex express nNOS transiently. Nevertheless, additional studies characterizing long range GABAergic projection neurons will have great value to the overall understanding of mature cortical function.
Ratchetaxis: Long-Range Directed Cell Migration by Local Cues.
Caballero, David; Comelles, Jordi; Piel, Matthieu; Voituriez, Raphaël; Riveline, Daniel
2015-12-01
Directed cell migration is usually thought to depend on the presence of long-range gradients of either chemoattractants or physical properties such as stiffness or adhesion. However, in vivo, chemical or mechanical gradients have not systematically been observed. Here we review recent in vitro experiments, which show that other types of spatial guidance cues can bias cell motility. Introducing local geometrical or mechanical anisotropy in the cell environment, such as adhesive/topographical microratchets or tilted micropillars, show that local and periodic external cues can direct cell motion. Together with modeling, these experiments suggest that cell motility can be viewed as a stochastic phenomenon, which can be biased by various types of local cues, leading to directional migration. PMID:26615123
Long-range properties of 1 S bottomonium states
Brambilla, Nora; Krein, Gastão; Tarrús Castellà, Jaume; Vairo, Antonio
2016-03-01
In the framework of weakly coupled potential nonrelativistic QCD, we derive, first, an analytical expression for the chromopolarizability of 1 S bottomonium states in agreement with previous determinations. Then we use the QCD trace anomaly to obtain the two-pion production amplitude for the chromopolarizability operator and match the result to a chiral effective field theory with 1 S bottomonium states and pions as degrees of freedom. In this chiral effective field theory we compute some long-range properties of the 1 S bottomonium generated by the pion coupling such as the leading chiral logarithm to the 1 S bottomonium mass and the van der Waals potential between two 1 S bottomonium states. Both results improve on previously known expressions.
Long range prediction of Indian summer monsoon rainfall
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
A A Munot; K Krishna Kumar
2007-02-01
The search for new parameters for predicting the all India summer monsoon rainfall (AISMR) has been an important aspect of long range prediction of AISMR. In recent years NCEP/NCAR reanalysis has improved the geographical coverage and availability of the data and this can be easily updated. In this study using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data on temperature, zonal and meridional wind at different pressure levels, few predictors are identified and a prediction scheme is developed for predicting AISMR. The regression coeffcients are computed by stepwise multiple regression procedure. The final equation explained 87% of the variance with multiple correlation coeffcient (MCC), 0.934. The estimated rainfall in the El-Nino year of 1997 was -1.7% as against actual of 4.4%. The estimated rainfall deficiency in both the recent deficient years of 2002 and 2004 were -19.5% and -8.5% as against observed -20.4% and -11.5% respectively.
Ultracold Long-Range Rydberg Molecules with Complex Multichannel Spectra
Eiles, Matthew; Greene, Chris
2016-05-01
A generalized class of exotic long-range Rydberg molecules consisting of a multichannel Rydberg atom bound to a distant ground state atom by the Rydberg electron is predicted. These molecules are characterized by the rich physics provided by the strongly perturbed multichannel Rydberg spectra of divalent atoms, in contrast to the regular Rydberg series of the alkali atoms used to form Rydberg molecules to date. These multichannel Rydberg molecules exhibit favorable properties for laser excitation, because states exist where the quantum defect varies strongly with the principal quantum number n. In particular, the nd Rydberg state of calcium becomes nearly degenerate with states of high orbital angular momentum over the range 17 channel interactions between Rydberg series leading to the spin-orbit split ionization thresholds. These interactions manifest themselves in potential curves exhibiting two distinct length scales, providing novel opportunities for quantum manipulation. Supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. PHY-1306905.
Protein lethality investigated in terms of long range dynamical interactions.
Rodrigues, Francisco A; Costa, Luciano da Fontoura
2009-04-01
The relationship between network structure/dynamics and biological function constitutes a fundamental issue in systems biology. However, despite many related investigations, the correspondence between structure and biological functions is not yet fully understood. A related subject that has deserved particular attention recently concerns how essentiality is related to the structure and dynamics of protein interactions. In the current work, protein essentiality is investigated in terms of long range influences in protein-protein interaction networks by considering simulated dynamical aspects. This analysis is performed with respect to outward activations, an approach which models the propagation of interactions between proteins by considering self-avoiding random walks. The obtained results are compared to protein local connectivity. Both the connectivity and the outward activations were found to be strongly related to protein essentiality. PMID:19396375
A long-range polarization-controlled optical tractor beam
Shvedov, Vladlen; Davoyan, Arthur R.; Hnatovsky, Cyril; Engheta, Nader; Krolikowski, Wieslaw
2014-11-01
The laser beam has become an indispensable tool for the controllable manipulation and transport of microscopic objects in biology, physical chemistry and condensed matter physics. In particular, ‘tractor’ laser beams can draw matter towards a laser source and perform, for instance, all-optical remote sampling. Recent advances in lightwave technology have already led to small-scale experimental demonstrations of tractor beams. However, the realization of long-range tractor beams has not gone beyond the realm of theoretical investigations. Here, we demonstrate the stable transfer of gold-coated hollow glass spheres against the power flow of a single inhomogeneously polarized laser beam over tens of centimetres. Additionally, by varying the polarization state of the beam we can stop the spheres or reverse the direction of their motion at will.
Long range properties of $1S$-bottomonium states
Brambilla, Nora; Castellà, Jaume Tarrús; Vairo, Antonio
2015-01-01
We derive an analytical expression for the chromo-polarizability of $1S$-bottomonium states using weakly-coupled pNRQCD. In this setting the intermediate octet states have Coulombic continuum wavefunctions. We use the QCD trace anomaly to obtain the two-pion production amplitude for the chromo-polarizability operator and match the result to a Chiral Effective Field Theory (EFT) with $1S$-bottomonium states and pions as degrees-of-freedom. In this chiral EFT we compute long range properties of the $1S$-bottomonium generated by the pion coupling such as the leading chiral log to the $1S$-bottomonium mass and the van der Waals potential between two $1S$-bottomonium states.
Radiation protection criteria in the long-range view
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The report presents by way of introduction radiation protection criteria applied to radiological activities and to disposal of low-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste. In these cases it is primarily short-range views that are relevant, up to a few thousand years as a maximum. In the case of high-level wastes where the views may extend to more than hundreds of thousands years, there are not for the present any equally well stablished criteria. Based upon preliminary results from a Nordic team for criteria for high-level radioactive wastes, dose estimates in the long-range view and alternative assessment criteria are discussed. Proposals are also presented for 12 criteria that may be applicable. As the work is not yet finshed, the criteria are however merely preliminary
Position-insensitive long range inductive power transfer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper presents results of an improved inductive wireless power transfer system for reliable long range powering of sensors with milliwatt-level consumption. An ultra-low power flyback impedance emulator operating in open loop is used to present the optimal load to the receiver's resonant tank. Transmitter power modulation is implemented in order to maintain constant receiver power and to prevent damage to the receiver electronics caused by excessive received voltage. Received power is steady up to 3 m at around 30 mW. The receiver electronics and feedback system consumes 3.1 mW and so with a transmitter input power of 163.3 W the receiver becomes power neutral at 4.75 m. Such an IPT system can provide a reliable alternative to energy harvesters for supplying power concurrently to multiple remote sensors
On the origin of long-range correlations in texts
Altmann, Eduardo G; Esposti, Mirko Degli
2012-01-01
The complexity of human interactions with social and natural phenomena is mirrored in the way we describe our experiences through natural language. In order to retain and convey such a high dimensional information, the statistical properties of our linguistic output has to be highly correlated in time. An example are the robust observations, still largely not understood, of correlations on arbitrary long scales in literary texts. In this paper we explain how long-range correlations flow from highly structured linguistic levels down to the building blocks of a text (words, letters, etc..). By combining calculations and data analysis we show that correlations take form of a bursty sequence of events once we approach the semantically relevant topics of the text. The mechanisms we identify are fairly general and can be equally applied to other hierarchical settings.
On the origin of long-range correlations in texts.
Altmann, Eduardo G; Cristadoro, Giampaolo; Esposti, Mirko Degli
2012-07-17
The complexity of human interactions with social and natural phenomena is mirrored in the way we describe our experiences through natural language. In order to retain and convey such a high dimensional information, the statistical properties of our linguistic output has to be highly correlated in time. An example are the robust observations, still largely not understood, of correlations on arbitrary long scales in literary texts. In this paper we explain how long-range correlations flow from highly structured linguistic levels down to the building blocks of a text (words, letters, etc..). By combining calculations and data analysis we show that correlations take form of a bursty sequence of events once we approach the semantically relevant topics of the text. The mechanisms we identify are fairly general and can be equally applied to other hierarchical settings. PMID:22753514
Long-range intramolecular electron transfer in azurins
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Farver, O; Pecht, I
1989-01-01
The Cu(II) sites of azurins, the blue single copper proteins, isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Alcaligenes spp. (Iwasaki) are reduced by CO2- radicals, produced by pulse radiolysis, in two distinct reaction steps: (i) a fast bimolecular phase, at the rates (5.0 +/- 0.8) x 10(8) M-1.s-1 (P...... to -26 in these proteins is reduced to the RSSR- radical ion as evidenced by its characteristic absorption band centered at 410 nm. This radical ion decays in a unimolecular process with a rate identical to that of the slow Cu(II) reduction phase in the respective protein, thus clearly suggesting...... the reactive sites, their redox potential, and the nature of the separating medium. Thus, azurins with distinct structural and reactivity characteristics isolated from different bacteria or modified by site-directed mutagenesis can be used in comparing long-range electron transfer process between...
ATCOM: accelerated image processing for terrestrial long-range imaging through atmospheric effects
Curt, Petersen F.; Paolini, Aaron
2013-05-01
Long-range video surveillance performance is often severely diminished due to atmospheric turbulence. The larger apertures typically used for video-rate operation at long-range are particularly susceptible to scintillation and blurring effects that limit the overall diffraction efficiency and resolution. In this paper, we present research progress made toward a digital signal processing technique which aims to mitigate the effects of turbulence in real-time. Our previous work in this area focused on an embedded implementation for portable applications. Our more recent research has focused on functional enhancements to the same algorithm using general-purpose hardware. We present some techniques that were successfully employed to accelerate processing of high-definition color video streams and study performance under nonideal conditions involving moving objects and panning cameras. Finally, we compare the real-time performance of two implementations using a CPU and a GPU.
Effective quantum theories with short- and long-range forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
At low energies, nonrelativistic quantum systems are essentially governed by their wave functions at large distances. For this reason, it is possible to describe a wide range of phenomena with short- or even finite-range interactions. In this thesis, we discuss several topics in connection with such an effective description and consider, in particular, modifications introduced by the presence of additional long-range potentials. In the first part we derive general results for the mass (binding energy) shift of bound states with angular momentum L ≥ 1 in a periodic cubic box in two and three spatial dimensions. Our results have applications to lattice simulations of hadronic molecules, halo nuclei, and Feshbach molecules. The sign of the mass shift can be related to the symmetry properties of the state under consideration. We verify our analytical results with explicit numerical calculations. Moreover, we discuss the case of twisted boundary conditions that arise when one considers moving bound states in finite boxes. The corresponding finite-volume shifts in the binding energies play an important role in the study of composite-particle scattering on the lattice, where they give rise to topological correction factors. While the above results are derived under the assumption of a pure finite-range interaction - and are still true up to exponentially small correction in the short-range case - in the second part we consider primarily systems of charged particles, where the Coulomb force determines the long-range part of the potential. In quantum systems with short-range interactions, causality imposes nontrivial constraints on low-energy scattering parameters. We investigate these causality constraints for systems where a long-range Coulomb potential is present in addition to a short-range interaction. The main result is an upper bound for the Coulomb-modified effective range parameter. We discuss the implications of this bound to the effective feld theory (EFT) for
Controlling the long-range corrections in atomistic Monte Carlo simulations of two-phase systems.
Goujon, Florent; Ghoufi, Aziz; Malfreyt, Patrice; Tildesley, Dominic J
2015-10-13
The long-range correction to the surface tension can amount to up to 55% of the calculated value of the surface tension for cutoffs in the range of 2.1-6.4 σ. The calculation of the long-range corrections to the surface tension and to the configurational energy in two-phase systems remains an active area of research. In this work, we compare the long-range corrections methods proposed by Guo and Lu ( J. Chem. Phys. 1997 , 106 , 3688 - 3695 ) and Janeček ( J. Phys. Chem. B 2006 , 110 , 6264 - 6269 ) for the calculation of the surface tension and of the coexisting densities in Monte Carlo simulations of the truncated Lennard-Jones potential and the truncated and shifted Lennard-Jones potential models. These methods require an estimate of the long-range correction at each step in the Monte Carlo simulation. We apply the full version of the Guo and Lu method, which involves the calculation of a double integral that contains a series of density differences, and we compare these results with the simplified version of the method which is routinely used in two-phase simulations. We conclude that the cutoff dependencies of the surface tension and coexisting densities are identical for the full versions of Guo and Lu and Janeček methods. We show that it is possible to avoid applying the long-range correction at every step by using the truncated Lennard-Jones potential with a cutoff rc ≥ 5 σ. The long-range correction can then be applied at the end of the simulation. The limiting factor in the accurate calculation of this final correction is an accurate estimate of the coexisting densities. Link-cell simulations performed using a cutoff rc = 5.5 σ require twice as much computing time as those with a more typical cutoff of rc = 3.0 σ. The application of the Janeček correction increases the running time of the simulation by less than 10%, and it can be profitably applied with the shorter cutoff. PMID:26574249
ORNL long-range environmental and waste management plan
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This report, the ORNL Long-Range Environmental and Waste Management Plan, is the annual update in a series begun in fiscal year 1985. Its primary purpose is to provide a thorough and systematic planning document to reflect the continuing process of site assessment, strategy development, and planning for the current and long-term control of environmental issues, waste management practices, and remedial action requirements. The document also provides an estimate of the resources required to implement the current plan. This document is not intended to be a budget document; it is, however, intended to provide guidance to both Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and the US Department of Energy (DOE) management as to the near order of magnitude of the resources (primarily funding requirements) and the time frame required to execute the strategy in the present revision of the plan. As with any document of this nature, the near-term (one to three years) part of the plan is a pragmatic assessment of the current program and ongoing capital projects and reflects the efforts perceived to be necessary to comply with all current state and federal regulations and DOE orders. It also should be in general agreement with current budget (funding) requests and obligations for these immediate years. 55 figs., 72 tabs
ORNL long-range environmental and waste management plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baldwin, J.S.; Bates, L.D.; Brown, C.H.; Easterday, C.A.; Hill, L.G.; Kendrick, C.M.; McNeese, L.E.; Myrick, T.E.; Payne, T.L.; Pepper, C.E.; Robinson, S.M.; Rohwer, P.S.; Scanlan, T.F.; Smith, M.A.; Stratton, L.E.; Trabalka, J.R.
1989-09-01
This report, the ORNL Long-Range Environmental and Waste Management Plan, is the annual update in a series begun in fiscal year 1985. Its primary purpose is to provide a thorough and systematic planning document to reflect the continuing process of site assessment, strategy development, and planning for the current and long-term control of environmental issues, waste management practices, and remedial action requirements. The document also provides an estimate of the resources required to implement the current plan. This document is not intended to be a budget document; it is, however, intended to provide guidance to both Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., and the US Department of Energy (DOE) management as to the near order of magnitude of the resources (primarily funding requirements) and the time frame required to execute the strategy in the present revision of the plan. As with any document of this nature, the near-term (one to three years) part of the plan is a pragmatic assessment of the current program and ongoing capital projects and reflects the efforts perceived to be necessary to comply with all current state and federal regulations and DOE orders. It also should be in general agreement with current budget (funding) requests and obligations for these immediate years. 55 figs., 72 tabs.
Metrological capabilities of Scanning Long Range Doppler Lidars
Loaec, Sophie; Boquet, Matthieu; Cariou, Jean-Pierre
2013-04-01
Many application areas are interested in getting wind measurements within the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) height, and with a relatively high accuracy. These applications include meteorology like PBL studies, air traffic safety like aircraft induced wake vortices and wind shears detection or wind farming like wind resources assessment. In order to answer these demands there are recent developments and deployments of long-range vertical profiler or fully hemispherical scanning wind lidars. To validate the measurements provided by such a system, it is possible to make inter-comparisons with a met mast at short distance and with wind profilers radar or sodar at longer distance. But, there are difficulties that may arise from the implementation of this kind of methodology because of the uncertainty related to the campaign set-up and the instruments used as reference. In that perspective Leosphere is developing a method to assess the accuracy of the Leosphere's lidars. In this presentation, we will give a detail description of the method and its results.
Long Range Chiral Imprinting of Cu(110) by Tartaric Acid
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lawton, T J; Pushkarev, V; Wei, D; Lucci, F R; Sholl, D S; Gellman, A J; Sykes, E C. H.
2013-10-31
Restructuring of metals by chiral molecules represents an important route to inducing and controlling enantioselective surface chemistry. Tartaric acid adsorption on Cu(110) has served as a useful system for understanding many aspects of chiral molecule adsorption and ordering on a metal surface, and a number of chiral and achiral unit cells have been reported. Herein, we show that given the appropriate annealing treatment, singly deprotonated tartaric acid monolayers can restructure the Cu metal itself, and that the resulting structure is both highly ordered and chiral. Molecular resolution scanning tunneling microscopy reveals that singly deprotonated tartaric acid extracts Cu atoms from the Cu(110) surface layer and incorporates them into highly ordered, chiral adatom arrays capped by a continuous molecular layer. Further evidence for surface restructuring comes from images of atom-deep trenches formed in the Cu(110) surface during the process. These trenches also run in low symmetry directions and are themselves chiral. Simulated scanning tunneling microscopy images are consistent with the appearance of the added atom rows and etched trenches. The chiral imprinting results in a long-range, highly ordered unit cell covering the whole surface as confirmed by low energy electron diffraction. Details of the restructuring mechanism were further investigated via time-lapse imaging at elevated temperature. This work reveals the stages of nanoscale surface restructuring and offers an interesting method for chiral modification of an achiral metal surface.
Long-range position and orientation tracking system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Armstrong, G.A.; Jansen, J.F.; Burks, B.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
1995-12-31
The long-range position and orientation tracking system will consist of two measurement pods, a VME-based computer system, and a detector array. The system is used to measure the position and orientation of a target that may be attached to a robotic arm, teleoperated manipulator, or autonomous vehicle. The pods have been designed to be mounted in the manways of the domes of the Fernald K-65 waste silos. Each pod has two laser scanner subsystems as well as lights and camera systems. One of the laser scanners will be oriented to scan in the pan direction, the other in the tilt direction. As the lasers scan across the detector array, the angles of incidence with each detector are recorded. Combining measurements from each of the four lasers yields sufficient data for a closed-form solution of the transform describing the location and orientation of the content mobilization system (CMS). Redundant detectors will be placed on the CMS to accommodate occlusions, to provide improved measurement accuracy, and to determine the CMS orientation.
Long-range position and orientation tracking system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The long-range position and orientation tracking system will consist of two measurement pods, a VME-based computer system, and a detector array. The system is used to measure the position and orientation of a target that may be attached to a robotic arm, teleoperated manipulator, or autonomous vehicle. The pods have been designed to be mounted in the manways of the domes of the Fernald K-65 waste silos. Each pod has two laser scanner subsystems as well as lights and camera systems. One of the laser scanners will be oriented to scan in the pan direction, the other in the tilt direction. As the lasers scan across the detector array, the angles of incidence with each detector are recorded. Combining measurements from each of the four lasers yields sufficient data for a closed-form solution of the transform describing the location and orientation of the content mobilization system (CMS). Redundant detectors will be placed on the CMS to accommodate occlusions, to provide improved measurement accuracy, and to determine the CMS orientation
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory long-range alarm system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) Long-Range Alarm System is described. The last few years have brought significant changes in the Department of Energy regulations for protection of classified documents and special nuclear material. These changes in regulations have forced a complete redesign of the LASL security alarm system. LASL covers many square miles of varying terrain and consists of separate technical areas connected by public roads and communications. A design study over a period of 2 years produced functional specifications for a distributed intelligence, expandable alarm system that will handle 30,000 alarm points from hundreds of data concentrators spread over a 250-km2 area. Emphasis in the design was on nonstop operation, data security, data communication, and upward expandability to incorporate fire alarms and the computer-aided dispatching of security and fire vehicles. All aspects of the alarm system were to be fault tolerant from the central computer system down to but not including the individual data concentrators. Redundant communications lines travel over public domain from the alarmed area to the central alarm station
Examples and applications in long-range ocean acoustics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Acoustic energy propagates effectively to long ranges in the ocean interior because of the physical properties of the marine environment. Sound propagation in the ocean is relevant to a variety of studies in communication, climatology and marine biology. Examples drawn from ocean acoustics, therefore, are compelling to students with a variety of interests. The dependence of sound speed on depth results in a waveguide that permits the detection of acoustic energy at ranges, in some experiments, of thousands of kilometres. This effect serves as an illustration of Snell's law with a continuously variable index of refraction. Acoustic tomography also offers a means for imaging the ocean's thermal structure, because of the dependence of sound speed on temperature. The ability to perform acoustic thermometry for large transects of the ocean provides an effective means of studying climate change. This application in an area of substantial popular attention allows for an effective introduction to concepts in ray propagation. Aspects of computational ocean acoustics can be productive classroom examples in courses ranging from introductory physics to upper-division mathematical methods courses
The Effect of Nanoscale Roughness on Long Range Interaction Forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A model was developed to calculate the long range van der Waals and electrostatic energies between a rough colloidal particle and a smooth solid plate in aqueous solutions. The particle roughness was modeled as hemispherical asperities distributed uniformly over the surface. Because of the assumption of additive potentials used in calculating the electrostatic force, the model is most accurate when the particle/plate separation is larger than several Debye screening lengths, such as near the location of the secondary minimum. The model predicts that such roughness reduces the depth of the secondary minimum and pushes it to larger separation distances. The model also predicts that the height of the primary energy barrier, which controls the dispersion stability, is substantially lowered by the asperities.Experimental validation of the model was achieved by measuring the potential energy profile between individual, 15 μm diameter polystyrene latex spheres and a smooth glass plate around the location of the secondary energy minimum using the optical technique of total internal reflection microscopy (TIRM). When compared to predictions made assuming perfectly smooth surfaces, the measured well depths are consistently found to be lower than expected. Excellent agreement can be achieved, however, by adding asperities with a height of order 25 nm to the particle surface. These measurements are some of the first direct measurements of the effect of roughness on interaction energies
Long-range correlations and the momentum distribution in nuclei
Amir-Azimi-Nili, K; Skouras, L D; Polls, A
1996-01-01
The influence of correlations on the momentum distribution of nucleons in nuclei is evaluated starting from a realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction. The calculations are performed directly for the finite nucleus \\,^{16}O making use of the Green's function approach. The emphasis is focused on the correlations induced by the excitation modes at low energies described within a model-space of shell-model configurations including states up to the sdg shell. Our analysis demonstrates that these long-range correlations do not produce any significant enhancement of the momentum distribution at high missing momenta and low missing energies. This is in agreement with high resolution (e,e'p) experiments for this nucleus. We also try to simulate the corresponding effects in large nuclei by quenching the energy-spacing between single-particle orbits. This yields a sizable enhancement of the spectral function at large momenta and small energy. Such behavior could explain the deviation of the momentum distribution from the ...
Scanning tunneling microscope with long range lateral motion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present our work on a recently built scanning tunneling microscope (STM), with coarse motion in two-dimensions. The tip of this STM can be translated a few millimeters in directions both parallel and perpendicular to the tip. This feature allows sampling of a larger area for experiments such as the study of how the electrical properties of charge density waves evolve between contacts, the proximity effect near a normal metal–superconducting interface, charge transport near the contact of a semiconductor interface, and for finding microscopically small samples like graphene. This STM is based on one of our previous one-dimensional designs. It utilizes orchestrated motion of six piezoelectric tubes in a slip–stick configuration in order to produce long range motion for the walker. This device is a single unit with a compact design making it very stable. It is stable enough to obtain atomic resolution on HOPG. It can operate in either a horizontal or vertical configuration and at cryogenic temperatures. It was designed entirely from non-magnetic materials for potential work in a magnetic field.
Long-range outage planning - A strategy for success
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The nuclear power industry, already beset by reduced demand, environmental concerns, regulatory-initiated modifications, increased operations costs, and other cost-affecting factors, is now entering a new era. Electric utilities in general and the nuclear utilities in particular are facing the specter of competition, until now a facet of the business world they have seldom had to confront in their geographically defined, independent service areas. The force of competition stems not only from other utilities but also from alternative fuels, and from utility customers. In light of this climate of competition, the utilities must seek to control operating costs, to maintain or improve plant availability and reliability, and to assess and schedule the requirements imposed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and by needed maintenance activities. In particular, the need to control the many regulatory proposed plant modifications and inspections on a plant-specific basis has prompted the development of the living schedule concept. This paper presents the subject of long-range outage planning as a means of dealing with the futurity of present operating decisions and a method of achieving quality outages
Functional Sites Induce Long-Range Evolutionary Constraints in Enzymes
Jack, Benjamin R.; Meyer, Austin G.; Echave, Julian; Wilke, Claus O.
2016-01-01
Functional residues in proteins tend to be highly conserved over evolutionary time. However, to what extent functional sites impose evolutionary constraints on nearby or even more distant residues is not known. Here, we report pervasive conservation gradients toward catalytic residues in a dataset of 524 distinct enzymes: evolutionary conservation decreases approximately linearly with increasing distance to the nearest catalytic residue in the protein structure. This trend encompasses, on average, 80% of the residues in any enzyme, and it is independent of known structural constraints on protein evolution such as residue packing or solvent accessibility. Further, the trend exists in both monomeric and multimeric enzymes and irrespective of enzyme size and/or location of the active site in the enzyme structure. By contrast, sites in protein–protein interfaces, unlike catalytic residues, are only weakly conserved and induce only minor rate gradients. In aggregate, these observations show that functional sites, and in particular catalytic residues, induce long-range evolutionary constraints in enzymes. PMID:27138088
A new smoothing function to introduce long-range electrostatic effects in QM/MM calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A new method to account for long range electrostatic contributions is proposed and implemented for quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics long range electrostatic correction (QM/MM-LREC) calculations. This method involves the use of the minimum image convention under periodic boundary conditions and a new smoothing function for energies and forces at the cutoff boundary for the Coulomb interactions. Compared to conventional QM/MM calculations without long-range electrostatic corrections, the new method effectively includes effects on the MM environment in the primary image from its replicas in the neighborhood. QM/MM-LREC offers three useful features including the avoidance of calculations in reciprocal space (k-space), with the concomitant avoidance of having to reproduce (analytically or approximately) the QM charge density in k-space, and the straightforward availability of analytical Hessians. The new method is tested and compared with results from smooth particle mesh Ewald (PME) for three systems including a box of neat water, a double proton transfer reaction, and the geometry optimization of the critical point structures for the rate limiting step of the DNA dealkylase AlkB. As with other smoothing or shifting functions, relatively large cutoffs are necessary to achieve comparable accuracy with PME. For the double-proton transfer reaction, the use of a 22 Å cutoff shows a close reaction energy profile and geometries of stationary structures with QM/MM-LREC compared to conventional QM/MM with no truncation. Geometry optimization of stationary structures for the hydrogen abstraction step by AlkB shows some differences between QM/MM-LREC and the conventional QM/MM. These differences underscore the necessity of the inclusion of the long-range electrostatic contribution
Epidemic spreading in networks with nonrandom long-range interactions
Estrada, Ernesto; Kalala-Mutombo, Franck; Valverde-Colmeiro, Alba
2011-09-01
An “infection,” understood here in a very broad sense, can be propagated through the network of social contacts among individuals. These social contacts include both “close” contacts and “casual” encounters among individuals in transport, leisure, shopping, etc. Knowing the first through the study of the social networks is not a difficult task, but having a clear picture of the network of casual contacts is a very hard problem in a society of increasing mobility. Here we assume, on the basis of several pieces of empirical evidence, that the casual contacts between two individuals are a function of their social distance in the network of close contacts. Then, we assume that we know the network of close contacts and infer the casual encounters by means of nonrandom long-range (LR) interactions determined by the social proximity of the two individuals. This approach is then implemented in a susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model accounting for the spread of infections in complex networks. A parameter called “conductance” controls the feasibility of those casual encounters. In a zero conductance network only contagion through close contacts is allowed. As the conductance increases the probability of having casual encounters also increases. We show here that as the conductance parameter increases, the rate of propagation increases dramatically and the infection is less likely to die out. This increment is particularly marked in networks with scale-free degree distributions, where infections easily become epidemics. Our model provides a general framework for studying epidemic spreading in networks with arbitrary topology with and without casual contacts accounted for by means of LR interactions.
Multifractal Geophysical Extremes: Nonstationarity and Long Range Correlations
Tchiguirinskaia, I.; Schertzer, D.; Lovejoy, S.
2012-04-01
Throughout the world, extremes in environmental sciences are of prime importance. They are key variables not only for risk assessments and engineering designs (e.g. of dams and bridges), but also for resource management (e.g. water and energy) and for land use. A better understanding of them is more and more indispensable in settling the debate on their possible climatological evolution. Whereas it took decades before a uniform technique for estimating flow frequencies within a stationary framework, it is often claimed that « stationarity is dead ! ». The fact that geophysical and environmental fields are variable over a wider range of scales than previously thought require to go beyond the limits of the (classical) Extreme Value Theory (EVT). Indeed, long-range correlations are beyond the scope of the classical EVT theory. We show that multifractal concepts and techniques are particularly appealing because they can effectively deal with a cascade of interactions concentrating for instance energy, liquid water, etc. into smaller and smaller space-time domains. Furthermore, a general outcome of these cascade processes -which surprisingly was realized only rather recently- is that rather independently of their details they yield probability distributions with power-law fall-offs, often called (asymptotic) Pareto or Zipf laws. We discuss the corresponding probability distributions of their maxima and its relationship with the Frechet law. We use these multifractal techniques to investigate the possibility of using very short or incomplete data records for reliable statistical predictions of the extremes. In particular we assess the multifractal parameter uncertainty with the help of long synthetic multifractal series and their sub-samples, in particular to obtain an approximation of confidence intervals that would be particularly important for the predictions of multifractal extremes. We finally illustrate the efficiency of this approach with its application to
The Emission of Long-Range Alpha Particles in Fission
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fraenkel and Thompson (1964) have shown that the most probable direction of emission of the long-range alpha particles in the spontaneous fission of californium-252 varies with the ratio of the masses of the residual fission fragments. The angle of emission relative to the direction of motion of the lighter fragment increases significantly as the mass of the lighter fragment decreases. Assuming that the alpha particle is emitted at the scission point, these authors conclude that the scission point, in ternary fission, occurs progressively nearer to the lighter fragment as the fragment mass ratio is greater. They point out that this is one of the assumptions underlying the ''geometrical'' model of mass division of Whetstone (1959) and Vladimirski (1957), and is the feature of that model in terms of which the variation of the average number of neutrons with fragment mass in binary fission is successfully explained. They suggest that these various considerations together indicate that the configuration of the scissioning nucleus at (and before) scission in ternary fission closely resembles the corresponding configuration in binary fission. Adopting this last hypothesis in relation to the thermal-neutron-induced fission of uranium-235, the writer (1964) has shown that if the liberation cf the alpha particle occurs at or just after the moment of scission, so that it may be regarded as emitted from a newly formed, but still deformed, fragment then the probability of emission can be deduced from the experiments of Schmitt et al. (1962), if certain further assumptions are made. On the assumption that the alpha particle is derived from the heavy fragment exclusively, it appears that the prob-ability of release from that fragment correlates directly with the average number of secondary neutrons emitted in in binary fission, and also with the energy available for alpha-particle emission from the undeformed (ground state) fragment. There would be no correlation with the energy
Long-range transport of air pollution into the Arctic
Stohl, A.; Berg, T.; Breivik, K.; Burkhart, J. F.; Eckhardt, S.; Fjæraa, A.; Forster, C.; Herber, A.; Lunder, C.; McMillan, W. W.; None, N.; Manø, S.; Oltmans, S.; Shiobara, M.; Stebel, K.; Hirdman, D.; Stroem, J.; Tørseth, K.; Treffeisen, R.; Virkkunen, K.; Yttri, K. E.; Andrews, E.; Kowal, D.; Mefford, T.; Ogren, J. A.; Sharma, S.; Spichtinger, N.; Stone, R.; Hoch, S.; Wehrli, C.
2007-12-01
This paper presents an overview of air pollution transport into the Arctic. The major transport processes will be highlighted, as well as their seasonal, interannual, and spatial variability. The source regions of Arctic air pollution will be discussed, with a focus on black carbon (BC) sources, as BC can produce significant radiative forcing in the Arctic. It is found that Europe is the main source region for BC in winter, whereas boreal forest fires are the strongest source in summer, especially in years of strong burning. Two case studies of recent extreme Arctic air pollution events will be presented. In summer 2004, boreal forest fires in Alaska and Canada caused pan-Arctic enhancements of black carbon. The BC concentrations measured at Barrow (Alaska), Alert (Canada), Summit (Greenland) and Zeppelin (Spitsbergen) were all episodically elevated, as a result of the long-range transport of the biomass burning emissions. Aerosol optical depth was also episodically elevated at these stations, with an almost continuous elevation over more than a month at Summit. During the second episode in spring 2006, new records were set for all measured air pollutant species at the Zeppelin station (Spitsbergen) as well as for ozone in Iceland. At Zeppelin, BC, AOD, aerosol mass, ozone, carbon monoxide and other compounds all reached new record levels, compared to the long-term monitoring record. The episode was caused by transport of polluted air masses from Eastern Europe deep into the Arctic, a consequence of the unusual warmth in the European Arctic during the episode. While fossil fuel combustion sources certainly contributed to this episode, smoke from agricultural fires in Eastern Europe was the dominant pollution component. We also suggest a new revolatilization mechanism for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) stored in soils and vegetation by fires, as POPs were strongly elevated during both episodes. All this suggests a considerable influence of biomass burning on
2006 Long Range Development Plan Final Environmental ImpactReport
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Philliber, Jeff
2007-01-22
This environmental impact report (EIR) has been prepared pursuant to the applicable provisions of the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and its implementing guidelines (CEQA Guidelines), and the Amended University of California Procedures for Implementation of the California Environmental Quality Act (UC CEQA Procedures). The University of California (UC or the University) is the lead agency for this EIR, which examines the overall effects of implementation of the proposed 2006 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP; also referred to herein as the 'project' for purposes of CEQA) for Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL; also referred to as 'Berkeley Lab,' 'the Laboratory,' or 'the Lab' in this document). An LRDP is a land use plan that guides overall development of a site. The Lab serves as a special research campus operated by the University employees, but it is owned and financed by the federal government and as such it is distinct from the UC-owned Berkeley Campus. As a campus operated by the University of California, the Laboratory is required to prepare an EIR for an LRDP when one is prepared or updated pursuant to Public Resources Code Section 21080.09. The adoption of an LRDP does not constitute a commitment to, or final decision to implement, any specific project, construction schedule, or funding priority. Rather, the proposed 2006 LRDP describes an entire development program of approximately 980,000 gross square feet of new research and support space construction and 320,000 gross square feet of demolition of existing facilities, for a total of approximately 660,000 gross square feet of net new occupiable space for the site through 2025. Specific projects will undergo CEQA review at the time proposed to determine what, if any, additional review is necessary prior to approval. As described in Section 1.4.2, below, and in Chapter 3 of this EIR (the Project Description), the size of the project has been
Problem of long-range forces in the computer simulation of condensed media
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Simulation (both Monte Carlo and molecular dynamical) has become a powerful tool in the study of classical systems of particles interacting with short-range pair potentials. For systems involving long-range forces (e.g., Coulombic, dipolar, hydrodynamic) it is a different story. Relating infinite-system properties to the results of computer simulation involving relatively small numbers of particles, periodically replicated, raises difficult and challenging problems. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together a group of scientists, all of whom share a strong direct interest in clearly formulating and resolving these problems. There were 46 participants, most of whom have been actively engaged in simulations of Hamiltonian models of condensed media. A few participants were scientists who are not primarily concerned, themselves, with simulation, but who are deeply involved in the theory of such models
RETADDII: modeling long-range atmospheric transport of radionuclides
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A versatile model is described which estimates atmospheric dispersion based on plume trajectories calculated for the mixed layer. This model allows the treatment of the dispersal from a source at an arbitrary height while taking account of plume depletion by dry and wet deposition together with the decay of material to successor species. The plume depletion, decay and growth equations are solved in an efficient manner which can accommodate up to eight pollutants (i.e. a parent and seven serial decay products). The code is particularly suitable for applications involving radioactive chain decay or for cases involving chemical species with successor decay products. Arbitrary emission rates can be specified for the members of the chain or, as is commonly the case, a sole emission rate can be specified for the first member. The code, in its current configuration, uses readily available upper-air wind data for the North American continent
Lifetimes of ultra-long-range strontium Rydberg molecules
Camargo, F.; Whalen, J. D.; Ding, R.; Sadeghpour, H. R.; Yoshida, S.; Burgdorfer, J.; Dunning, F. B.; Killian, T. C.
2016-05-01
The lifetimes of the lower-lying vibrational states of ultralong-range strontium Rydberg molecules comprising one ground-state 5s2 1S0 atom and one Rydberg atom in the 5s 38s3S1 state are reported. The molecules are created in an ultracold gas held in an optical dipole trap and their numbers determined using field ionization, the product electrons being detected by a microchannel plate. The measurements show that, in marked contrast to earlier measurements involving rubidium Rydberg molecules, the lifetimes of the low-lying molecular vibrational states are very similar to those of the parent Rydberg atoms. This results because the strong p-wave resonance in low-energy electron-rubidium scattering, which strongly influences the rubidium molecular lifetimes, is not present for strontium. The absence of this resonance offers advantages for experiments involving strontium Rydberg atoms as impurities in quantum gases and for testing theories of molecular formation and decay. This research was supported by the AFOSR, NSF, the Robert A. Welch Foundation, the FWF (Austria), FWF-SFB049 NextLite. H.R.S. was supported by a Grant to ITAMP from the NSF.
Lifetimes of ultra-long-range strontium Rydberg molecules
Camargo, F; Ding, R; Sadeghpour, H R; Yoshida, S; Burgdörfer, J; Dunning, F B; Killian, T C
2015-01-01
The lifetimes of the lower-lying vibrational states of ultralong-range strontium Rydberg molecules comprising one ground-state 5s2 1S0 atom and one Rydberg atom in the 5s38s 3S1 state are reported. The molecules are created in an ultracold gas held in an optical dipole trap and their numbers determined using ?eld ionization, the product electrons being detected by a microchannel plate. The measurements show that, in marked contrast to earlier measurements involving rubidium Rydberg molecules, the lifetimes of the low-lying molecular vibrational states are very similar to those of the parent Rydberg atoms. This results because the strong p-wave resonance in low-energy electronrubidium scattering, which plays an important role in determining the molecular lifetimes, is not present for strontium. The absence of this resonance o?ers advantages for experiments involving strontium Rydberg atoms as impurities in quantum gases and for testing theories of molecular formation and decay.
Towards Long Range Spin-Spin Interactions via Mechanical Resonators
Kabcenell, Aaron; Gieseler, Jan; Safira, Arthur; Kolkowitz, Shimon; Zibrov, Alexander; Harris, Jack; Lukin, Mikhail
2016-05-01
Nitrogen vacancy centers (NVs) are promising candidates for quantum computation, with room temperature optical spin read-out and initialization, microwave manipulability, and weak coupling to the environment resulting in long spin coherence times. The major outstanding challenge involves engineering coherent interactions between the spin states of spatially separated NV centers. To address this challenge, we are working towards the experimental realization of mechanical spin transducers. We have successfully fabricated magnetized high quality factor (Q> 105) , doubly-clamped silicon nitride mechanical resonators integrated close to a diamond surface, and report on experimental progress towards achieving the coherent coupling of the motion of these resonators with the electronic spin states of individual NV centers under cryogenic conditions. Such a system is expected to provide a scalable platform for mediating effective interactions between isolated spin qubits.
Towards Evidences of Long-Range Correlations in Seismic Activity
Ferreira, Douglas S R; Menezes, Ronaldo
2014-01-01
In this work, we introduce a new methodology to construct a network of epicenters that avoids problems found in well-established methodologies when they are applied to global catalogs of seisms. The new methodology involves essentially the introduction of a time window which works as a temporal filter. Our approach is more generic but for small regions the results coincide with previous findings. The network constructed with that model has small-world properties and the distribution of node connectivity follows a non-traditional function q-Gaussian, where scale-free properties are present. The vertices with larger connectivity correspond to the areas with the greatest earthquakes. These new results strengthen the hypothesis of long spatial and temporal correlations between earthquakes.
Long-range Self-interacting Dark Matter in the Sun
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, Jing [University of Chinese Academy of Science,19A Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190 (China); Liang, Zheng-Liang [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,19B Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049 (China); Wu, Yue-Liang; Zhou, Yu-Feng [State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China,Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science,Zhong Guan Cun East Street 55#, Beijing, 100190 (China)
2015-12-10
We investigate the implications of the long-rang self-interaction on both the self-capture and the annihilation of the self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) trapped in the Sun. Our discussion is based on a specific SIDM model in which DM particles self-interact via a light scalar mediator, or Yukawa potential, in the context of quantum mechanics. Within this framework, we calculate the self-capture rate across a broad region of parameter space. While the self-capture rate can be obtained separately in the Born regime with perturbative method, and in the classical limits with the Rutherford formula, our calculation covers the gap between in a non-perturbative fashion. Besides, the phenomenology of both the Sommerfeld-enhanced s- and p-wave annihilation of the solar SIDM is also involved in our discussion. Moreover, by combining the analysis of the Super-Kamiokande (SK) data and the observed DM relic density, we constrain the nuclear capture rate of the DM particles in the presence of the dark Yukawa potential. The consequence of the long-range dark force on probing the solar SIDM turns out to be significant if the force-carrier is much lighter than the DM particle, and a quantitative analysis is provided.
Long-range strategy for remote sensing: an integrated supersystem
Glackin, David L.; Dodd, Joseph K.
1995-12-01
Present large space-based remote sensing systems, and those planned for the next two decades, remain dichotomous and custom-built. An integrated architecture might reduce total cost without limiting system performance. An example of such an architecture, developed at The Aerospace Corporation, explores the feasibility of reducing overall space systems costs by forming a 'super-system' which will provide environmental, earth resources and theater surveillance information to a variety of users. The concept involves integration of programs, sharing of common spacecraft bus designs and launch vehicles, use of modular components and subsystems, integration of command and control and data capture functions, and establishment of an integrated program office. Smart functional modules that are easily tested and replaced are used wherever possible in the space segment. Data is disseminated to systems such as NASA's EOSDIS, and data processing is performed at established centers of expertise. This concept is advanced for potential application as a follow-on to currently budgeted and planned space-based remote sensing systems. We hope that this work will serve to engender discussion that may be of assistance in leading to multinational remote sensing systems with greater cost effectiveness at no loss of utility to the end user.
Long-range interactions of excited He atoms with ground-state noble-gas atoms
Zhang, J.-Y.
2013-10-09
The dispersion coefficients C6, C8, and C10 for long-range interactions of He(n1,3S) and He(n1,3P), 2≤n≤10, with the ground-state noble-gas atoms Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe are calculated by summing over the reduced matrix elements of multipole transition operators. The large-n expansions for the sums over the He oscillator strength divided by the corresponding transition energy are presented for these series. Using the expansions, the C6 coefficients for the systems involving He(131,3S) and He(131,3P) are calculated and found to be in good agreement with directly calculated values.
Integration of long-range planning for management of defense transuranic waste
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
As described in The Defense Waste Management Plan, the defense TRU program goal is to achieve permanent disposal and to end interim storage. TRU waste is currently stored at six Department of Energy (DOE) sites, and new waste is generated at several more sites. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) project is well defined, and it has been necessary to integrate the activities of other parts of the TRU program in support of DOE Headquarters policy and the WIPP schedules and technical requirements. The strategy is described in the Defense Transuranic Waste Program Strategy Document. More detailed, quantitative plans have been developed through the use of several system models, with a Long-Range Master Plan for Defense Transuranic Waste Management as the focal point for coordination of proposed plans with all the parties involved
On the truncation of long-range electrostatic interactions in DNA.
Norberg, J.; Nilsson, L
2000-01-01
Long-range interactions are known to play an important role in highly polar biomolecules like DNA. In molecular dynamics simulations of nucleic acids and proteins, an accurate treatment of the long-range interactions are crucial for achieving stable nanosecond trajectories. In this report, we evaluate the structural and dynamic effects on a highly charged oligonucleotide in aqueous solution from different long-range truncation methods. Two group-based truncation methods, one with a switching ...
True and quasi long-range order in the generalized $q$-state clock model
Baek, Seung Ki; Minnhagen, Petter; Kim, Beom Jun
2009-01-01
From consideration of the order-parameter distribution, we propose an observable which makes a clear distinction between true and quasi long-range orders in the two-dimensional generalized $q$-state clock model. Measuring this quantity by Monte Carlo simulations for $q=8$, we construct a phase diagram and identify critical properties across the phase-separation lines among the true long-range order, quasi long-range order, and disorder. Our result supports the theoretical prediction that ther...
Processor for Real-Time Atmospheric Compensation in Long-Range Imaging Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Long-range imaging is a critical component to many NASA applications including range surveillance, launch tracking, and astronomical observation. However,...
Denjean, Cyrielle; Caquineau, Sandrine; Desboeufs, Karine; Laurent, Benoit; Quiñones Rosado, Mariana; Vallejo, Pamela; Mayol-Bracero, Olga; Formenti, Paola
2015-04-01
Influence of mineral dust on radiation balance is largely dependent on their ability to interact with water. While fresh mineral dusts are highly hydrophobic, various transformation processes (coagulation, heterogeneous chemical reaction) can modify the dust physical and chemical properties during long-range transport, which, in turn, can change the dust hygroscopic properties. The model predictions of the radiative effect by mineral dust still suffer of the lack of certainty of dust hygroscopic properties, and their temporal evolution during long-range transport. We present the first direct surface measurements of the hygroscopicity of Saharan dust after long-range transport over the Atlantic Ocean, their relationship with chemical composition, their influence on particle size and shape and implications for optical properties. Particles were collected during the DUST Aging and TransporT from Africa to the Caribbean (Dust-AttaCk) campaign at the Cape San Juan Puerto Rico station in June-July 2012. Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) was used to analyze the size, shape, chemical composition and hygroscopic properties of individual particles. At different levels of concentrations in summertime, the coarse mode of atmospheric aerosols in Puerto Rico is dominated by Saharan mineral dust. Most of aged dust particles survived atmospheric transport intact with no observed internal mixture with other species and did not show hygroscopic growth up to 94% relative humidity. This is certainly due to the fact that in summertime dust is mostly transported above the marine boundary layer. A minor portion of mineral dust (approximately 19-28% by number) were involved in atmospheric heterogeneous reactions with acidic gases (likely SO2 and HCl) and sea salt aggregation. While sulfate- and chloride-coated dust remained extremely hydrophobic, dust particles in internal mixing with NaCl underwent profound changes in their hygroscopicity, therefore in size and shape. We
Barttfeld, Pablo; Amoruso, Lucía; Ais, Joaquín; Cukier, Sebastián; Bavassi, Luz; Tomio, Ailin; Manes, Facundo; Ibanez, Agustín; Sigman, Mariano
2013-01-01
BACKGROUND: The dimensional approach to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) considers ASD as the extreme of a dimension traversing through the entire population. We explored the potential utility of electroencephalography (EEG) functional connectivity as a biomarker. We hypothesized that individual differences in autistic traits of typical subjects would involve a long-range connectivity diminution within the delta band. METHODS: Resting-state EEG functional connectivity was measured for 74 neurot...
48 CFR 1305.404 - Release of long-range acquisition estimates.
2010-10-01
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Release of long-range acquisition estimates. 1305.404 Section 1305.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... long-range acquisition estimates....
48 CFR 1405.404 - Release of long-range acquisition estimates.
2010-10-01
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Release of long-range acquisition estimates. 1405.404 Section 1405.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE... Release of long-range acquisition estimates....
Emergence of long-range correlations in a cold atomic gas
Dudin, Y O; Kuzmich, A
2012-01-01
A Rydberg spin wave is optically excited in a quasi-one-dimensional atomic sample of Rb atoms. Emergence of long-range correlations of collective atomic excitations due to long-range Rydberg interactions is observed by spatially selective conversion of the spin wave into a light field and photoelectric correlation measurements of the light.
Mongin, Emmanuel; Dewar, Ken; Blanchette, Mathieu
In chordates, long-range cis-regulatory regions are involved in the control of transcription initiation (either as repressors or enhancers). They can be located as far as 1 Mb from the transcription start site of the target gene and can regulate more than one gene. Therefore, proper characterization of functional interactions between long-range cis-regulatory regions and their target genes remains problematic. We present a novel method to predict such interactions based on the analysis of rearrangements between the human and 16 other vertebrate genomes. Our method is based on the assumption that genome rearrangements that would disrupt the functional interaction between a cis-regulatory region and its target gene are likely to be deleterious. Therefore, conservation of synteny through evolution would be an indication of a functional interaction. We use our algorithm to classify a set of 1,406,084 putative associations from the human genome. This genome-wide map of interactions has many potential applications, including the selection of candidate regions prior to in vivo experimental characterization, a better characterization of regulatory regions involved in position effect diseases, and an improved understanding of the mechanisms and importance of long-range regulation.
Respective Roles of Short-and Long-Range Interactions in Protein Folding
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Long-hui; HU Min; ZHOU Huai-bei; LIU Juan
2004-01-01
A new method was presented to discuss the respective roles of short- and long-range interactions in protein folding. It's based on an off-lattice model, which is also being called as toy model. Simulated annealing algorithm was used to search its native conformation. When it is applied to analysis proteins 1agt and 1aho, we find that helical segment cannot fold into native conformation without the influence of long-range interactions. That's to say that long-range interactions are the main determinants in protein folding.
Long Range Correlation of Hydrophilicity and Flexibility Along the Hemoglobin Chain
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Within this study, we reveal the long range correlation concerning hydrophilicity and flexibility along sequences of hemoglobins belonging to different organisms and we compare them with the long range correlations properties obtained for other protein families. For all hemoglobins considered, we investigate two discrete spatial series: the hydrophilicity and flexibility respectively. We apply the nonlinear analysis methods to analyze the two spatial series by calculating the spectral coefficient β, the scaling exponent α and Hurst exponent H. The obtained values for the mentioned coefficients suggest long range correlation within the analyzed sequences of hemoglobins in good agreement with those obtained for the calcium binding proteins and hydrolases.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈群蓉; 孙顺昌; 彭运生; 王清; 莫宝妹
2012-01-01
本研究通过分析β-珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者的血红蛋白F(HbF)表达及BCL11A基因rs11886868位点的单核苷酸多态性,探讨二者之间的关系.选取89例已知基因突变类型的轻型β-珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者,通过毛细管电泳分析患者的红细胞HbF含量；提取患者基因组DNA,通过聚合酶链反应扩增含rs11886868位点的BCL11A基因片段,用DNA测序法确定rs11886868位点的单核苷酸多态性.结果显示,在89例深圳地区β-珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者的BCL11A基因rs11886868位点中发现C和T两种单核苷酸多态性；携带C/C单倍型患者的红细胞HbF含量为(4.47±3.42)％,高于携带C/T单倍型患者的(2.79±2.21)％.结论:β-珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者BCL11A基因rs11886868位点存在C和T两种单核苷酸多态性,其中C多态性可能与红细胞内HbF高表达存在相关性.%This study was aimed to analyze hemoglobin F (HbF) level and single nucleotide polymorphisms at rsl 1886868 locus of BCUIA gene in p-thalassemia patients, and to explore correlation between them. 89 mild β-thalassemia patients with known mutations were registered, and HbF levels were determined by capillary elcctrophoresis. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes, fragment including rsll886868 locus in BCL11A gene was amplified by PCR, and polymorphism was determined by DNA sequencing. The results showed that 2 polymorphisms including C and T were found at rsl 1886868 locus in BCUIA gene among 89 mild β-thalassemia patients. HbF levels in red blood cells were (4. 47 ± 3. 42)% and (2. 79 ± 2. 21)% for β-thalassemia patients carrying C/C and C/T haplotypes, respectively. There was difference between 2 haplotype groups. It is concluded that the C and T polymorphisms are found at rsl 1886868 locus in the BCUIA gene for β-thalassemia patients. C polymorphism may be related to high HbF expression in red blood cells.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vexiau, R.; Lepers, M., E-mail: maxence.lepers@u-psud.fr; Aymar, M.; Bouloufa-Maafa, N.; Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aimé Cotton, CNRS/Université Paris-Sud/ENS-Cachan, Bât. 505, Campus d’Orsay, 91405 Orsay (France)
2015-06-07
We have calculated the isotropic C{sub 6} coefficients characterizing the long-range van der Waals interaction between two identical heteronuclear alkali-metal diatomic molecules in the same arbitrary vibrational level of their ground electronic state X{sup 1}Σ{sup +}. We consider the ten species made up of {sup 7}Li, {sup 23}Na, {sup 39}K, {sup 87}Rb, and {sup 133}Cs. Following our previous work [Lepers et al., Phys. Rev. A 88, 032709 (2013)], we use the sum-over-state formula inherent to the second-order perturbation theory, composed of the contributions from the transitions within the ground state levels, from the transition between ground-state and excited state levels, and from a crossed term. These calculations involve a combination of experimental and quantum-chemical data for potential energy curves and transition dipole moments. We also investigate the case where the two molecules are in different vibrational levels and we show that the Moelwyn-Hughes approximation is valid provided that it is applied for each of the three contributions to the sum-over-state formula. Our results are particularly relevant in the context of inelastic and reactive collisions between ultracold bialkali molecules in deeply bound or in Feshbach levels.
Scattering of neutral metal clusters: Long-range interactions and response properties
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The absolute integral cross sections for low-energy collisions of neutral sodium clusters Nan (n=2--40) with atoms and molecules (Ar, N2, O2, and halogens) have been measured. The cross sections are found to be exceptionally large (up to thousands of square angstroms), showing the dominant role of long-range intermolecular interactions. Elastic scattering proceeding under the influence of the van der Waals force, and a reaction channel involving electron transfer can successfully describe the measurements. The strength of the van der Waals potential is defined by such cluster response properties as the electric polarizability and the frequency of the giant dipole resonance. The reactive electron-jump channel, in turn, is described by the ''harpooning'' mechanism which is sensitive to the cluster ionization potential. Employing parameters taken from spectroscopic studies of alkali clusters, we obtain good agreement with the observed cross sections. This provides a direct connection between beam scattering experiments and studies of cluster electromagnetic response properties
A short and long range study of mullite-zirconia-zircon composites
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rendtorff, Nicolas M.; Conconi, Maria S.; Aglietti, Esteban F. [Centro de Tecnologia de Recursos Minerales y Ceramica (CETMIC: CONICET-CIC) (Argentina); Chain, Cecilia Y.; Pasquevich, Alberto F. [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Departamento de Fisica, IFLP, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas (Argentina); Rivas, Patricia C. [CONICET (Argentina); Martinez, Jorge A., E-mail: toto@fisica.unlp.edu.ar; Caracoche, Maria C. [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Departamento de Fisica, IFLP, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas (Argentina)
2010-06-15
In the field of refractory materials, ceramics containing mullite-zirconia are the basis of those most used in the industry of glass and steel. It is known that the addition of zircon improves the behavior of the refractory used in service. Knowing that some mullite-zirconia composites properties as fracture strength and the elastic modulus E are associated with the material microstructure integrity, the eventual thermal decomposition of zircon into zirconia and silica could seriously alter the material elastic properties. In this paper the phase content of a series of mullite-zirconia-zircon (3Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.2SiO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2}-ZrSiO{sub 4}) composites is determined at atomic level via perturbed angular correlations (PAC) and compared with that derived from the long range X-ray diffraction technique. PAC results on the as-prepared materials indicate that all nominal zircon is present and that it involves two types of nanoconfigurations, one of them describing aperiodic regions. The thermomechanical properties already reported for these materials could be related to the crystalline to aperiodic zircon concentrations ratio they exhibit.
Eulerian Simulation of Acoustic Waves Over Long Range in Realistic Environments
Chitta, Subhashini; Steinhoff, John
2015-11-01
In this paper, we describe a new method for computation of long-range acoustics. The approach is a hybrid of near and far-field methods, and is unique in its Eulerian treatment of the far-field propagation. The near-field generated by any existing method to project an acoustic solution onto a spherical surface that surrounds a source. The acoustic field on this source surface is then extended to an arbitrarily large distance in an inhomogeneous far-field. This would normally require an Eulerian solution of the wave equation. However, conventional Eulerian methods have prohibitive grid requirements. This problem is overcome by using a new method, ``Wave Confinement'' (WC) that propagates wave-identifying phase fronts as nonlinear solitary waves that live on grid indefinitely. This involves modification of wave equation by the addition of a nonlinear term without changing the basic conservation properties of the equation. These solitary waves can then be used to ``carry'' the essential integrals of the acoustic wave. For example, arrival time, centroid position and other properties that are invariant as the wave passes a grid point. Because of this property the grid can be made as coarse as necessary, consistent with overall accuracy to resolve atmospheric/ground variations. This work is being funded by the U.S. Army under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program (contract number: # W911W6-12-C-0036). The authors would like to thank Dr. Frank Caradonna and Dr. Ben W. Sim for this support.
A short and long range study of mullite–zirconia–zircon composites
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the field of refractory materials, ceramics containing mullite–zirconia are the basis of those most used in the industry of glass and steel. It is known that the addition of zircon improves the behavior of the refractory used in service. Knowing that some mullite–zirconia composites properties as fracture strength and the elastic modulus E are associated with the material microstructure integrity, the eventual thermal decomposition of zircon into zirconia and silica could seriously alter the material elastic properties. In this paper the phase content of a series of mullite–zirconia–zircon (3Al2O3.2SiO2–ZrO2–ZrSiO4) composites is determined at atomic level via perturbed angular correlations (PAC) and compared with that derived from the long range X-ray diffraction technique. PAC results on the as-prepared materials indicate that all nominal zircon is present and that it involves two types of nanoconfigurations, one of them describing aperiodic regions. The thermomechanical properties already reported for these materials could be related to the crystalline to aperiodic zircon concentrations ratio they exhibit.
Low dimensional long range topological charge structure in the QCD vacuum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
While sign-coherent 4-dimensional structures cannot dominate topological charge fluctuations in the QCD vacuum at all scales due to reflection positivity, it is possible that enhanced coherence exists over extended space-time regions of lower dimension. Using the overlap Dirac operator to calculate topological charge density, we present evidence for such structure in pure-glue SU(3) lattice gauge theory. It is found that a typical equilibrium configuration is dominated by two oppositely-charged sign-coherent connected structures ('sheets') covering about 80% of space-time. Each sheet is built from elementary 3-d cubes connected through 2-d faces, and approximates a low-dimensional curved manifold (or possibly a fractal structure) embedded in the 4-d space. At the heart of the sheet is a 'skeleton' formed by about 18% of the most intense space-time points organized into a global long-range structure, involving connected parts spreading over maximal possible distances. We find that the skeleton is locally 1-dimensional and propose that its geometrical properties might be relevant for understanding the possible role of topological charge fluctuations in the physics of chiral symmetry breaking
Strategies for leukemic biomarker detection using long-range surface plasmon-polaritons
Krupin, O.; Wang, C.; Berini, P.
2014-09-01
The suitability and use of long-range surface plasmon-polaritons for leukemic biomarker detection is discussed. A novel optical biosensor comprised of gold straight waveguides embedded in CYTOP with an etched microfluidic channel was tested for detecting leukemia in patient serum. Gold surface functionalization involved the interaction of protein G (PG) with antibodies by first adsorbing PG on bare gold and then antibodies (Immunoglobulin G, IgG). Differentiation between healthy and leukemia patients was based on the difference in ratios of Ig kappa (Igκ) and Ig lambda (Igλ) light chains in both serums. The ratio for a normal patient is ~1.4 - 2, whereas for a leukemia patient this ratio is altered. As a receptor (primary antibodies), goat anti-human anti-IgGκ and anti-IgGλ were used to functionalize the surface. Diluted normal and leukemia patient serums were tested over the aforementioned surfaces. The ratios of mass surface densities of IgGκ:IgGλ for normal serum (NS) and patient serum (PS) were found to be 1.55 and 1.92 respectively.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Cape Romanzof Long Range Radar Site (Cape Romanzof) contains many petroleum-related spills and hazardous substances. Therefore, in 1987 and 1988 a field study...
High-Counting Rate Photon Detectors for Long-Range Space Optical Communications Project
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Long range, RF space communications do not meet anymore the bandwidth requirements or power constraints of future NASA missions. Optical communications offer the...
Testing for long-range dependence in the Brazilian term structure of interest rates
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper presents empirical evidence of fractional dynamics in interest rates for different maturities for Brazil. A variation of a newly developed test for long-range dependence, the V/S statistic, with a post-blackening bootstrap is employed. Results suggest that Brazilian interest rates possess strong long-range dependence in volatility, even when considering the structural break in 1999. These findings imply that the development of policy models that give rise to long-range dependence in interest rates' volatility could be very useful. The long-short-term interest rates spread has strong long-range dependence, which suggests that traditional tests of expectation hypothesis of the term structure of interest rates may be misspecified.
Performance Study on Priority Stratgegies for WDM Packet Switches under Long-Range Dependent Traffic
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chia-Wei Yu; Chao-Chih Chang; Shou-Kuo Shao; Jingshown Wu
2003-01-01
The impact of long-range dependent (LRD) traffic on the buffer management schemes for WDM packet switches is studied by simulation. The different priority strategies are compared. The principles of efficient strategy design are also presented.
Performance Study on Priority Strategies for WDM Packet Switches under Long-Range Dependent Traffic
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chia-Wei; Yu; Chao-Chih; Chang; Shou-Kuo; Shao; Jingshown; Wu
2003-01-01
The impact of long-range dependent (LRD) traffic on the buffer management schemes for WDM packet switches is studied by simulation. The different priority strategies are compared. The principles of efficient strategy design are also presented.
System Estimation of Panel Data Models under Long-Range Dependence
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ergemen, Yunus Emre
A general dynamic panel data model is considered that incorporates individual and interactive fixed effects allowing for contemporaneous correlation in model innovations. The model accommodates general stationary or nonstationary long-range dependence through interactive fixed effects and...
Long range correction for multi-site Lennard-Jones models and planar interfaces
Werth, Stephan; Horsch, Martin; Vrabec, Jadran; Hasse, Hans
2015-01-01
A slab based long range correction approach for multi-site Lennard-Jones models is presented for systems with a planar film geometry that is based on the work by Janecek, J. Phys. Chem. B 110: 6264 (2006). It is efficient because it relies on a center-of-mass cutoff scheme and scales in terms of numerics almost perfectly with the molecule number. For validation, a series of simulations with the two-center Lennard-Jones model fluid, carbon dioxide and cyclohexane is carried out. The results of the present approach, a site-based long range correction and simulations without any long range correction are compared with respect to the saturated liquid density and the surface tension. The present simulation results exhibit only a weak dependence on the cutoff radius, indicating a high accuracy of the implemented long range correction.
Long-range interactions and wave patterns in a DNA model.
Tabi, C B; Mohamadou, A; Kofané, T C
2010-07-01
We propose a spin-like model of DNA nonlinear dynamics with long-range interactions between adjacent base pairs. We show that the model equation is a modified sine-Gordon equation. We perform the linear stability analysis of a plane wave, which predicts high-amplitude and extended oscillating waves for high values of the long-range parameter. This is confirmed numerically and biological implications of the obtained patterns are suggested. PMID:20676723
Hierarchical organization of long-range circuits in the olfactory cortices
Yang, Weiguo; Sun, Qian-Quan
2015-01-01
How sensory information is processed within olfactory cortices is unclear. Here, we examined long-range circuit wiring between different olfactory cortical regions of acute mouse brain slices using a channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2)-based neuronal targeting approach. Our results provide detailed information regarding the synaptic properties of the reciprocal long-range monosynaptic glutamatergic projections (LRMGP) between and within anterior piriform cortex (aPC), posterior piriform cortex (pPC), a...
Long-Range Interactions and Wave Patterns in a DNA Model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We propose a spin-like model of DNA nonlinear dynamics with long-range interactions between adjacent base pairs. We show that the model equation is a modified sine-Gordon equation. We perform the linear stability analysis of a plane wave, which predicts high amplitude and extended oscillating waves for high values of the long-range parameter. This is confirmed numerically and biological implications of the obtained patterns are suggested. (author)
Motion planning in unstructured road for intelligent vehicle with long-range perception
Shi, Chaoxia; Wang, Yanqing; Yang, Jingyu; Liu, Hanxiang
2011-10-01
We present a novel motion planning method for intelligent vehicle with long-range perception under the uncertain constraints of unstructured road boundary on the basis of obstacle roadside fusion strategy and beam curvature method . Not only does this method inherit the advantages of reliability, smoothness and speediness from LCM, but also it can produce more reasonable path than traditional LCM does by virtue of the global information acquired by long-range sensors.
Neutron diffraction study of the magnetic long-range order in Tb
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dietrich, O.W.; Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage
1967-01-01
implies no change in the long-range order. In the close vicinity of the Neacuteel temperature TN = 226deg K the spiral magnetic long-range order varies as (TN-T)0.25plusmn 0.01, whereas the total order within a wider temperature range roughly follows (TN-T)1/3. The turn angle per layer varies from 16.5deg...
The Origin of Long-Range Attraction between Hydrophobes in Water
Despa, Florin; Berry, R. Stephen
2006-01-01
When water-coated hydrophobic surfaces meet, direct contacts form between the surfaces, driving water out. However, long-range attractive forces first bring those surfaces close. This analysis reveals the source and strength of the long-range attraction between water-coated hydrophobic surfaces. The origin is in the polarization field produced by the strong correlation and coupling of the dipoles of the water molecules at the surfaces. We show that this polarization field gives rise to dipole...
On the form of long-range potential observed at fast neutron scattering by heavy nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is shown that the discrepancy between the results obtained for different neutron energy ranges, when neutron polarizability is derived from the neutron scattering data, can be removed if one assumes that at the fast neutron scattering a strong interaction long-range potential of Van der Waals (∼ r-6) or Casimir-Polder (∼ r-7) is observed. This strong interaction long-range potential possibly has some experimental confirmation in the elastic p-p scattering
Entanglement in One-Dimensional Anderson Model with Long-Range Correlated Disorder
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
GUO Zi-Zheng
2008-01-01
@@ By using the measure of concurrence,the entanglement of the ground state in the one-dimensional Anderson model is studied with consideration of the long-range correlations. Three kinds of correlations are discussed.We compare the effects of the long-rang Gaussian and power-law correlations between the site energies on the concurrence,and demonstrate the existence of the band structure of the concurrence in the power-law case.
E. Lipkin; Straus, K.; Stein, R. Tal; A. Bagnato; Schiavini, F; L. Fontanesi; Russo, V.; Medugorac, I.; Foerster, M; J. Sölkner; Dolezal, M; Medrano, J. F.; Friedmann, A; Soller, M
2009-01-01
Great interest was aroused by reports, based on microsatellite markers, of high levels of statistically significant long-range and nonsyntenic linkage disequilibrium (LD) in livestock. Simulation studies showed that this could result from population family structure. In contrast, recent SNP-based studies of livestock populations report much lower levels of LD. In this study we show, on the basis of microsatellite data from four cattle populations, that high levels of long-range LD are indeed ...
Statistical mechanics in biology: how ubiquitous are long-range correlations?
Stanley, H. E.; Buldyrev, S. V.; Goldberger, A. L.; Goldberger, Z. D.; Havlin, S.; Mantegna, R. N.; Ossadnik, S. M.; Peng, C. K.; Simons, M.
1994-01-01
The purpose of this opening talk is to describe examples of recent progress in applying statistical mechanics to biological systems. We first briefly review several biological systems, and then focus on the fractal features characterized by the long-range correlations found recently in DNA sequences containing non-coding material. We discuss the evidence supporting the finding that for sequences containing only coding regions, there are no long-range correlations. We also discuss the recent finding that the exponent alpha characterizing the long-range correlations increases with evolution, and we discuss two related models, the insertion model and the insertion-deletion model, that may account for the presence of long-range correlations. Finally, we summarize the analysis of long-term data on human heartbeats (up to 10(4) heart beats) that supports the possibility that the successive increments in the cardiac beat-to-beat intervals of healthy subjects display scale-invariant, long-range "anti-correlations" (a tendency to beat faster is balanced by a tendency to beat slower later on). In contrast, for a group of subjects with severe heart disease, long-range correlations vanish. This finding suggests that the classical theory of homeostasis, according to which stable physiological processes seek to maintain "constancy," should be extended to account for this type of dynamical, far from equilibrium, behavior.
A simplified method for identification of the vibrational series of long-range states in Na{sub 2}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vivanco, F.J.; Paiva, R.R. de; Pedrozo-Peñafiel, E.; Farias, K.M.; Bagnato, V.S., E-mail: franklinze@gmail.com [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica
2015-06-15
We performed two-color photoassociative ionization experiments in cold sodium atoms in a dark MOT. We produce a sample where most of the atoms were in the ground hyperfine state F=1. Applying a laser with variable frequency, in the region of 0 to - 32 GHz, we obtained a photoassociative spectra containing sequences of different long-range potentials. Using the scaling law for intermediate states, we identified the vibrational series of involved states, separating the sequences. In this way, we have identified the vibrational series for the 1{sub g}, 0{sup +}{sub u}, and 0{sup -}{sub g} states contributions. (author)
The topological long range order in QCD. Applications to heavy ion collisions and cosmology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhitnitsky Ariel R.
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We argue that the local violation of P invariance in heavy ion collisions is a consequence of the long range topological order which is inherent feature of strongly coupled QCD. A similar phenomenon is known to occur in some topologically ordered condensed matter systems with a gap. We also discuss possible cosmological applications of this long range order in strongly coupled gauge theories. In particular, we argue that the de Sitter behaviour might be dynamically generated as a result of the long range order. In this framework the inflaton is an auxiliary field which effectively describes the dynamics of topological sectors in a gauge theory in the expanding universe, rather than a new dynamical degree of freedom.
Surrogate testing of volatility series from long-range correlated noise
Nagarajan, R
2006-01-01
Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) [1] of the volatility series has been found to be useful in dentifying possible nonlinear/multifractal dynamics in the empirical sample [2-4]. Long-range volatile correlation can be an outcome of static as well as dynamical nonlinearity. In order to argue in favor of dynamical nonlinearity, surrogate testing is used in conjunction with volatility analysis [2-4]. In this brief communication, surrogate testing of volatility series from long-range correlated noise and their static, invertible nonlinear transforms is investigated. Long-range correlated monofractal noise is generated using FARIMA (0, d, 0) with Gaussian and non-Gaussian innovations. We show significant deviation in the scaling behavior between the empirical sample and the surrogate counterpart at large time-scales in the case of FARIMA (0, d, 0) with non-Gaussian innovations whereas no such discrepancy was observed in the case of Gaussian innovations. The results encourage cautious interpretation of surrogate t...
Luo, Albert C J
2011-01-01
In memory of Dr. George Zaslavsky, "Long-range Interactions, Stochasticity and Fractional Dynamics" covers the recent developments of long-range interaction, fractional dynamics, brain dynamics and stochastic theory of turbulence, each chapter was written by established scientists in the field. The book is dedicated to Dr. George Zaslavsky, who was one of three founders of the theory of Hamiltonian chaos. The book discusses self-similarity and stochasticity and fractionality for discrete and continuous dynamical systems, as well as long-range interactions and diluted networks. A comprehensive theory for brain dynamics is also presented. In addition, the complexity and stochasticity for soliton chains and turbulence are addressed. The book is intended for researchers in the field of nonlinear dynamics in mathematics, physics and engineering. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, USA. Dr. Valentin Afraimovich is a Professor at San Luis Potosi University, Mexico.
Testing Long-Range Beam-Beam Compensation for the LHC Luminosity Upgrade
Rijoff, T L
2012-01-01
The performance of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its minimum crossing angle are limited by the effect of long-range beam-beam collisions. A wire compensators can mitigate part of the long-range effects and may allow for smaller crossing angles, or higher beam intensity. A prototype long-range wire compensator could be installed in the LHC by 2014/15. Since the originally reserved position for such a wire compensator is not available for this first step, we explore other possible options. Our investigations consider various longitudinal and transverse locations, different wire shapes, different optics configurations and several crossing angles between the two colliding beams. Simulations are carried out with the weak-strong code BBtrack. New postprocessing tools are introduced to analyse tune footprints and particle stability. In particular, a new method for the Lyapunov coefficient calculation is implemented. Submitted as "Tesi di laurea" at the University of Milano, 2012.
Long-range magnetic response of the XY spin chain under far-from-equilibrium conditions
Gorczyca–Goraj, Anna; Mierzejewski, Marcin; Prosen, Tomaž
2010-05-01
Within the formalism of the Keldysh Green’s functions we investigate long-range response of an anisotropic XY chain to the local magnetic field. This field couples to a single spin on a selected lattice site. The system is driven out of equilibrium by a coupling to two semi-infinite XX spin chains. We demonstrate that the long-range response becomes enhanced by a few orders of magnitude upon application of nonequilibrium conditions. This enhancement does not occur in the isotropic XX chain. Our results agree with the recently predicted nonequilibrium-driven long-range magnetic correlations [T. Prosen and I. Pižorn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 105701 (2008)]. We argue that this effect may be observed in quasi-one-dimensional triplet superconductors.
Effective Hamiltonian for fluid membranes in the presence of long-ranged forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
If the constituent particles of fluid phases interact via long-ranged van der Waals forces, the effective Hamiltonian for interfaces between such fluid phases contains - in lateral Fourier space - non-analytic terms ∼ q4 in q. Similar non-analytic terms characterize the effective Hamiltonian for two interacting interfaces which can emerge between the three possible coexisting fluid phases in binary liquid mixtures. This is in contrast with the structure of the phenomenological Helfrich Hamiltonian for membranes which does not contain such non-analytic terms. We show that under favorable conditions for the bulk densities characterizing a binary liquid mixture and for the long-ranged interparticle interactions the corresponding effective Hamiltonian for a model fluid membrane does not exhibit such non-analytic contributions. We discuss the properties of the resulting effective Hamiltonian, with a particular emphasis on the influence of the long range of the interactions on the coefficient of the bending rigidity. (authors)
UTag: Long-range Ultra-wideband Passive Radio Frequency Tags
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dowla, F
2007-03-14
Long-range, ultra-wideband (UWB), passive radio frequency (RF) tags are key components in Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) system that will revolutionize inventory control and tracking applications. Unlike conventional, battery-operated (active) RFID tags, LLNL's small UWB tags, called 'UTag', operate at long range (up to 20 meters) in harsh, cluttered environments. Because they are battery-less (that is, passive), they have practically infinite lifetimes without human intervention, and they are lower in cost to manufacture and maintain than active RFID tags. These robust, energy-efficient passive tags are remotely powered by UWB radio signals, which are much more difficult to detect, intercept, and jam than conventional narrowband frequencies. The features of long range, battery-less, and low cost give UTag significant advantage over other existing RFID tags.
Robustness of Estimators of Long-Range Dependence and Self-Similarity under non-Gaussianity
Franzke, Christian L E; Watkins, Nicholas W; Gramacy, Robert B; Hughes, Cecilia
2011-01-01
Long-range dependence and non-Gaussianity are ubiquitous in many natural systems like ecosystems, biological systems and climate. However, it is not always appreciated that both phenomena usually occur together in natural systems and that the superposition of both phenomena constitute the self-similarity of a system. These features, which are common in complex systems, impact the attribution of trends and the occurrence and clustering of extremes. The risk assessment of systems with these properties will lead to different outcomes (e.g. return periods) than the more common assumption of independence of extremes. Two paradigmatic models are discussed which can simultaneously account for long-range dependence and non-Gaussianity: Autoregressive Fractional Integrated Moving Average (ARFIMA) and Linear Fractional Stable Motion (LFSM). Statistical properties of estimators for long-range dependence and self-similarity are critically assessed. It is found that the most popular estimators are not robust. In particula...
The influence of long-range links on spiral waves and their application for control
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qian Yu
2012-01-01
The influence of long-range links on spiral waves in an excitable medium has been investigated.Spatiotemporal dynamics in an excitable small-world network transform remarkably when we increase the long-range connection probability P.Spiral waves with few perturbations,broken spiral waves,pseudo spiral turbulence,synchronous oscillations,and homogeneous rest state are discovered under different network structures.Tip number is selected to detect non-equilibrium phase transition between different spatiotemporal patterns.The Kuramoto order parameter is used to identify these patterns and explain the emergence of the rest state.Finally,we use long-range links to successfully control spiral waves and spiral turbulence.
Density of states and magnetotransport in Weyl semimetals with long-range disorder
Pesin, D. A.; Mishchenko, E. G.; Levchenko, A.
2015-11-01
We study the density of states and magnetotransport properties of disordered Weyl semimetals, focusing on the case of a strong long-range disorder. To calculate the disorder-averaged density of states close to nodal points, we treat exactly the long-range random potential fluctuations produced by charged impurities, while the short-range component of disorder potential is included systematically and controllably with the help of a diagram technique. We find that, for energies close to the degeneracy point, long-range potential fluctuations lead to a finite density of states. In the context of transport, we discuss that a self-consistent theory of screening in magnetic field may conceivably lead to nonmonotonic low-field magnetoresistance.
Fractality Evidence and Long-Range Dependence on Capital Markets: a Hurst Exponent Evaluation
Oprean, Camelia; Tănăsescu, Cristina
2014-07-01
Since the existence of market memory could implicate the rejection of the efficient market hypothesis, the aim of this paper is to find any evidence that selected emergent capital markets (eight European and BRIC markets, namely Hungary, Romania, Estonia, Czech Republic, Brazil, Russia, India and China) evince long-range dependence or the random walk hypothesis. In this paper, the Hurst exponent as calculated by R/S fractal analysis and Detrended Fluctuation Analysis is our measure of long-range dependence in the series. The results reinforce our previous findings and suggest that if stock returns present long-range dependence, the random walk hypothesis is not valid anymore and neither is the market efficiency hypothesis.
Trap with ultracold neutrons as a detector of dark matter with long-range forces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The possibility of using a trap with ultracold neutrons (UCNs) as a detector of dark matter particles with long-range forces is considered. The main advantage of this method is the possibility of detecting recoil energies ∼10−7 eV. The limitations on the parameters of the interaction potential in the form Ψ=ae-r/b/r between dark matter particles and neutrons at different values of the dark matter density on the Earth are represented. It is shown that the suggestion about the long-range character of the interaction between dark matter particles leads to a significant increase in the elastic scattering cross section at low energies. As a consequence, dark matter can be captured and accumulated by the terrestrial gravitational field. The first experimental limitations on the existence of long-range dark matter on the Earth are presented.
Manifestation of long-range ordered state in layered VX2 (X = Cl, Br, I) systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We report the first-principles based density functional investigation of correlated magnetic behavior for the layered VX2 (X = Cl, Br, I) system both in bulk and monolayer forms. The bulk system stabilizes in the Néel 120° spin structure with the onset of long-range order at a very low temperature. However, a monolayer of the same system results in a two-dimensional long-range ordered spin-gel configuration in the a–b plane. The occurrence of this two-dimensional non-collinear long-range order for such hexagonal systems with honeycomb topology may provide an additional feature for controlling the use of such materials in magnetic memory devices. (paper)
Mobile network architecture of the long-range WindScanner system
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Vasiljevic, Nikola; Lea, Guillaume; Hansen, Per;
In this report we have presented the network architecture of the long-range WindScanner system that allows utilization of mobile network connections without the use of static public IP addresses. The architecture mitigates the issues of additional fees and contractual obligations that are linked...... to the acquisition of the mobile network connections with static public IP addresses. The architecture consists of a hardware VPN solution based on the network appliances Z1 and MX60 from Cisco Meraki with additional 3G or 4G dongles. With the presented network architecture and appropriate configuration, we fulfill...... the requirements of running the long-range WindScanner system using a mobile network such as 3G. This architecture allows us to have the WindScanners and the master computer in different geographical locations, and in general facilitates deployments of the long-range WindScanner system....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sliggers, J. [Verzuring en Grootschalige Luchtverontreiniging, Ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieu VROM, Den Haag (Netherlands)
2006-07-01
In the last few decades the title Convention developed to an important player in the field of air pollution abatement. In a series of articles attention will be paid to the organization and the activities of the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. In this part the focus will be on the Executive Body. [Dutch] In Nederland zijn, war luchtverontreiniging betreft, de activiteiten onder de EU meer bekend dan die onder de Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). Toch zijn het EU Clean Air For Europe (CAFE) programma, de Thematische Strategie Luchtverontreiniging en de Nationale Emissieplafonds (NEC) richtlin ondenkbaar zonder de Convention on LRTAP. De werkwijze van de Conventie bestaat uit het maken van reductieafspraken op basis van wetenschappelijke kennis. De kennis die onder de Conventie wordt vergaard, vindt zijn weg in tal van fora. Om de Conventie en wat zij doet, meer voor her voetlicht te brengen wordt een serie artikelen gestart over her werk onder en van de Conventie. Dit artikel leidt de serie in door in grote lijnen te schetsen hoe de Conventie in elkaar zit en zal aandacht besteden aan het ontstaan van en werkwijze binnen de Conventie en aan het hoogste orgaan van de Convention on LRTAP, de Executive Body.
The impact of long-range transport on secondary aerosol in Northeast Asia
Kim, Y.; Carmichael, G. R.; Woo, J.; Zhang, Q.
2013-12-01
Long-range transport air pollution is an important issue in Northeast Asia. Large amounts of anthropogenic emissions of SO2 and NOx aggravate air pollution in the region. Most of the emissions come from the industrialized regions along the East China coast. China and Korea are changing their air quality standards for particle pollutant from PM10 to PM2.5 in 2012 and 2015, respectively. According to many previous studies, the long-rang transport of particle matter contributes to Korean air pollution problems, but there are many uncertainties regarding the impact of long range transport. Secondary inorganic aerosols (sulfate, nitrate and ammonium) are dominant ionic contributors to PM2.5. Especially high relative contributions of secondary aerosol appear under westerly wind cases at Korea. The secondary aerosols are produced by converting from SO2 and NOx during the long-range transport, but the contribution varies dramatically depending on season and wind pattern. So far, sulfate is the primary contributor to PM2.5, but nitrate levels are increasing because that NOx emissions in China are increasing dramatically since 2000 due to the growth in power, industry, and transport, while SO2 emissions are trending downward since 2005. We will present chemical characteristics of PM2.5 by westerly long-range transport focused on secondary aerosol, tracking their transport pattern, and production pathway in order to better understand regional air quality modeling of the long-range transport. This study will be performed based on the international study, MICS-Asia phase III, initiated with many researchers. Results using CMAQ with the modeling domain covering Northeast and Southeast China, Korea, and Japan with 15km resolution will be discussed.
Long-range dependence in returns and volatility of Central European Stock Indices
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Krištoufek, Ladislav
2010-01-01
Roč. 17, č. 27 (2010), s. 50-67. ISSN 1212-074X R&D Projects: GA ČR GD402/09/H045; GA ČR GA402/09/0965 Grant ostatní: GA UK(CZ) 5183/2010 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : long-range dependence * bootstrapping * rescaled range analysis * rescaled variance analysis Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2010/E/kristoufek-long-range dependence in returns and volatility of central european stock indices bces.pdf
Long-range research plan. FY 1987-FY 1991. Volume 3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Long-Range Research Plan (LRRP) was prepared by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) to assist the NRC in coordinating its long-range research planning with the short-range budget cycles. The LRRP lays out programmatic approaches for research to help resolve regulatory issues. The plan will be updated annually. It covers: operating reactor inspection, maintenance, and repair; equipment qualification; seismic research; reactor operations and risk; thermal-hydraulic transients; severe accidents; radiation protection and health effects; and waste management
Exploring Flavor-Dependent Long-Range Forces in Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments
Chatterjee, Sabya Sachi; Agarwalla, Sanjib Kumar
2015-01-01
The Standard Model gauge group can be extended with minimal matter content by introducing anomaly free U(1) symmetry, such as $L_e-L_{\\mu}$ or $L_e-L_{\\tau}$. If the neutral gauge boson corresponding to this global symmetry is ultra-light, then it will give rise to flavor-dependent long-range leptonic force, which can have significant impact on neutrino oscillations. For an instance, the electrons inside the Sun can generate a flavor-dependent long-range potential at the Earth surface, which can suppress the $\
Long-range corrected density functional theory with linearly-scaled HF exchange
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Song, Jong-Won; Hirao, Kimihiko [Computational Chemistry Unit, RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science, 7-1-26, Minatojima-minami-machi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0047 (Japan)
2015-12-31
Long-range corrected density functional theory (LC-DFT) attracts many chemists’ attentions as a quantum chemical method to be applied to large molecular system and its property calculations. However, the expensive time cost to evaluate the long-range HF exchange is a big obstacle to be overcome to be applied to the large molecular systems and the solid state materials. Upon this problem, we propose a linear-scaling method of the HF exchange integration, in particular, for the LC-DFT hybrid functional.
Photoassociation of a cold atom-molecule pair: long-range quadrupole-quadrupole interactions
Lepers, M; Kokoouline, V
2010-01-01
The general formalism of the multipolar expansion of electrostatic interactions is applied to the calculation the potential energy between an excited atom and a ground state diatomic molecule at large separations. Both partners exhibit a permanent quadrupole moment, so that their mutual quadrupole-quadrupole long-range interaction is attractive enough to bind trimers. Numerical results are given for an excited Cs(6P) atom and a ground state Cs2 molecule. The prospects for achieving photoassociation of a cold atom/dimer pair is thus discussed and found promising. The formalism can be easily generalized to the long-range interaction between molecules to investigate the formation of cold tetramers.
Long-range corrected density functional theory with linearly-scaled HF exchange
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range corrected density functional theory (LC-DFT) attracts many chemists’ attentions as a quantum chemical method to be applied to large molecular system and its property calculations. However, the expensive time cost to evaluate the long-range HF exchange is a big obstacle to be overcome to be applied to the large molecular systems and the solid state materials. Upon this problem, we propose a linear-scaling method of the HF exchange integration, in particular, for the LC-DFT hybrid functional
Shear-induced quench of long-range correlations in a liquid mixture.
Wada, Hirofumi
2004-03-01
A static correlation function of concentration fluctuations in a (dilute) binary liquid mixture subjected to both a concentration gradient and uniform shear flow is investigated within the framework of fluctuating hydrodynamics. It is shown that a well-known |c|(2)/k(4) long-range correlation at large wave numbers k crosses over to a weaker divergent one at wave numbers satisfying kviscosity of the mixture, respectively. The result will provide the possibility to observe the shear-induced suppression of a long-range correlation experimentally by using, for example, a low-angle light scattering technique. PMID:15089275
Long-range anticorrelations and non-Gaussian behavior of the heartbeat
Peng, C.-K.; Mietus, J.; Hausdorff, J. M.; Havlin, S.; Stanley, H. E.; Goldberger, A. L.
1993-01-01
We find that the successive increments in the cardiac beat-to-beat intervals of healthy subjects display scale-invariant, long-range anticorrelations (up to 10 exp 4 heart beats). Furthermore, we find that the histogram for the heartbeat intervals increments is well described by a Levy (1991) stable distribution. For a group of subjects with severe heart disease, we find that the distribution is unchanged, but the long-range correlations vanish. Therefore, the different scaling behavior in health and disease must relate to the underlying dynamics of the heartbeat.
Monitoring aerosol elemental composition in particle size fractions of long-range transport
Metternich, P.; Georgii, H.-W.; Groeneveld, K. O.
1983-04-01
Collection of atmospheric samples was performed at Malta, a semi-remote environment in the Mediterranean, in case of long-range transport studies of pollutants and natural substances. Using PIXE as a non-destructive trace-element analytical tool, the elemental composition of these samples was determined. Atmospheric concentrations obtained in this study were of one magnitude higher than those observed over the open North Alantic in purely marine air. For most of the anomalously enriched elements in the Mediterranean aerosol, the high concentrations can be explained by long-range transport.
Long-Range Research Plan, FY 1986-FY 1990. Volume 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Long-Range Research Plan (LRRP) was prepared by the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (RES) to assist the NRC in coordinating its long-range research planning with the short-range budget cycles. The LRRP lays out programmatic approaches for research to help resolve regulatory issues. The plan will be updated annually. It covers: operating reactor inspection, maintenance, and repair; equipment qualification; seismic research; reactor operations and risk; thermal-hydraulic transients; severe accidents; radiation protection and health effects; and waste management
Long-range protein electron transfer observed at the single-molecule level
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chi, Qijin; Farver, Ole; Ulstrup, Jens
2005-01-01
A biomimetic long-range electron transfer (ET) system consisting of the blue copper protein azurin, a tunneling barrier bridge, and a gold single-crystal electrode was designed on the basis of molecular wiring self-assembly principles. This system is sufficiently stable and sensitive in a quasi...
Long-range dispersion interactions. III: Method for two homonuclear atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A procedure for systematically evaluating the long-range dispersion interaction between two homonuclear atoms in arbitrary LS coupled states is outlined. The method is then used to generate dispersion coefficients for a number of the low-lying states of the Na and Mg dimers
Short versus long range interactions and the size of two-body weakly bound objects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Very weakly bound systems may manifest intriguing 'universal' properties, independent of the specific interaction which keeps the system bound. An interesting example is given by relations between the size of the system and the separation energy, or scaling laws. So far, scaling laws have been investigated for short-range and long-range (repulsive) potentials. We report here on scaling laws for weakly bound two-body systems valid for a larger class of potentials, i.e. short-range potentials having a repulsive core and long-range attractive potentials. We emphasize analogies and differences between the short- and the long-range case. In particular, we show that the emergence of halos is a threshold phenomenon which can arise when the system is bound not only by short-range interactions but also by long-range ones, and this for any value of the orbital angular momentum l. These results enlarge the image of halo systems we are accustomed to. (authors)
Long-ranged forces and energy non-conservation in (1+1)-dimensions
Rubakov, V. A.
1997-01-01
We consider whether local and causal non-conservation of energy may occur in generally covariant theories with long-ranged fields (analogs of Newton's gravity) whose source is energy--momentum. We find that such a possibility exists in (1+1) dimensions.
Infinitely-long-range nonlocal potentials and the Bose-Einstein supersolid phase
Alexanian, Moorad
2011-01-01
It is shown, with the aid of the Bogoliubov inequality, that a Bose-Einstein condensate has the Bloch form and represents a self-organized supersolid provided the interaction between the condensate atoms is nonlocal and of infinitely long-range.
Switching between bistable states in a discrete nonlinear model with long-range dispersion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansson, Magnus; Gaididei, Yuri B.; Christiansen, Peter Leth;
1998-01-01
In the framework of a discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation with long-range dispersion, we propose a general mechanism for obtaining a controlled switching between bistable localized excitations. We show that the application of a spatially symmetric kick leads to the excitation of an internal b...
Application of powered-lift concepts for improved cruise efficiency of long-range aircraft
Coe, P. L., Jr.; Fournier, P. G.
1976-01-01
Results of studies conducted to explore the use of powered lift concepts for improved low speed performance of long range subsonic and supersonic cruise vehicles are summarized. It is indicated that powered lift can provide significant improvements in low speed performance, as well as substantial increases in cruise efficiency and range for both subsonic and supersonic cruise configurations.
Long-range carbon-proton spin-spin coupling constants in conformational analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The author has collected a reliable set of data on long range 13C-1H coupling constants in aliphatic compounds and developed the use of long range 13C-1H coupling constants as a tool in the conformational analysis of aliphatic compounds. An empirical determination of the torsion angle dependence of the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constant for model compounds is described and the dependence of long range 13C-1H coupling constants on the electronegativity of substituents attached to the coupling pathway reported for the monohalogen substituted ethanes and propanes. The electronegativity dependence of the vicinal 13C-1H coupling was studied in monosubstituted propanes whose substituents are elements from the first row of the periodic table and it is shown that the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constant in aliphatic systems is a constitutive property. The geminal 13C-1H coupling constants in ethyl, isopropyl and tert-butyl compounds, which have been substituted by an element of the first row of the periodic table or a haline atom, are reported and the influence of electronegative substituents on the vicinal 13C-1H coupling constants in the individual rotamers of 13CH3-C(X)H-C(Y)H-1H fragments discussed. The application of long range 13C-1H coupling constants to the conformational analysis of CMP-N-Acetylneuraminic acid and 2,6-dichloro-1,4-oxathiane is described. (Auth.)
Measurement of Cross-Magnetic-Field Heat Transport Due to Long Range Collisions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
E.M. Hollmann; F. Anderegg; C.F. Driscoll
1999-12-31
Cross-magnetic-field heat transport in a quiescent pure ion plasma is found to be diffusive and to be dominated by long-range ''guiding center'' collisions. In these long-range collisions, which occur in plasmas with {lambda}{sub D} > r{sub c}, particles with impact parameters r{sub c} < {rho} {le} {lambda}{sub D} exchange parallel kinetic energy only. The resulting thermal diffusivity {chi}L is independent of plasma density n and magnetic field B. We measure a thermal diffusivity {chi} which agrees within a factor of 2 with the long-range prediction {chi}L = 0.49 n{bar v}b{sup 2}{lambda}{sub D}{sup 2} over a range of 10{sup 3} in temperature, 50 in density, and 4 in magnetic field. This thermal diffusivity is observed to be up to 100 times larger than the classical diffusivity. These long-range collisions are typically dominant in unneutralized plasmas, and may also contribute to electron heat transport in neutral plasmas.
Kaleidoscope of quantum phases in a long-range interacting spin-1 chain
Gong, Z.-X.; Maghrebi, M. Â. F.; Hu, A.; Foss-Feig, M.; Richerme, P.; Monroe, C.; Gorshkov, A. Â. V.
2016-05-01
Motivated directly by recent trapped-ion quantum simulation experiments, we carry out a comprehensive study of the phase diagram of a spin-1 chain with XXZ-type interactions that decay as 1 /rα , using a combination of finite and infinite-size DMRG calculations, spin-wave analysis, and field theory. In the absence of long-range interactions, varying the spin-coupling anisotropy leads to four distinct and well-studied phases: a ferromagnetic Ising phase, a disordered XY phase, a topological Haldane phase, and an antiferromagnetic Ising phase. If long-range interactions are antiferromagnetic and thus frustrated, we find primarily a quantitative change of the phase boundaries. On the other hand, ferromagnetic (nonfrustrated) long-range interactions qualitatively impact the entire phase diagram. Importantly, for α ≲3 , long-range interactions destroy the Haldane phase, break the conformal symmetry of the XY phase, give rise to a new phase that spontaneously breaks a U (1 ) continuous symmetry, and introduce a possibly exotic tricritical point with no direct parallel in short-range interacting spin chains. Importantly, we show that the main signatures of all five phases found could be observed experimentally in the near future.
Hashmi, Arqum; Farooq, M Umar; Hong, Jisang
2016-02-18
We explored the possibility of long-range magnetic ordering in two-dimensional porous phosphorene (PP) layer by means of ab-initio calculations. The self-passivated pore geometry showed a nonmagnetic state while the pore geometry with dangling bond at two zigzag edges with a distance of 7.7 Å preferred an antiferromagnetic ordering (AFM). Pore to pore magnetic interaction with a distance of 13.5 Å between two pores was found to be remarkably long ranged, and this emerges from the interactions between the magnetic tails of the edge states in the armchair direction. The AFM state was persisted by the oxidation of the edge. Interestingly, the long-range AFM ordering changed to long-range ferromagnetic (FM) ordering by external electric field. The results are noteworthy in the interplay between electric field and electronic spin degree of freedom in phosphorene studies and may also open a promising way to explore phosphorene-based spintronics devices. PMID:26815204
48 CFR 5.404 - Release of long-range acquisition estimates.
2010-10-01
... acquisition estimates. 5.404 Section 5.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION...-range acquisition estimates. To assist industry planning and to locate additional sources of supply, it may be desirable to publicize estimates of unclassified long-range acquisition requirements....
75 FR 998 - Terminate Long Range Aids to Navigation (Loran-C) Signal
2010-01-07
... necessary, the Department of Homeland Security will complete an analysis of potential backups to GPS. The... FR 4047), the U.S. Coast Guard began a public review process for its Draft Programmatic Environmental... SECURITY Coast Guard Terminate Long Range Aids to Navigation (Loran-C) Signal AGENCY: U.S. Coast Guard,...
Emergence of Long-range Correlations and Rigidity at the Dynamic Glass Transition
Szamel, Grzegorz; Flenner, Elijah
2011-01-01
At the microscopic level, equilibrium liquid's translational symmetry is spontaneously broken at the so-called dynamic glass transition predicted by the mean-field replica approach. We show that this fact implies the emergence of Goldstone modes and long-range density correlations. We derive and evaluate a new statistical mechanical expression for the glass shear modulus.
Analysing the origin of long-range interactions in proteins using lattice models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Unger Ron
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Long-range communication is very common in proteins but the physical basis of this phenomenon remains unclear. In order to gain insight into this problem, we decided to explore whether long-range interactions exist in lattice models of proteins. Lattice models of proteins have proven to capture some of the basic properties of real proteins and, thus, can be used for elucidating general principles of protein stability and folding. Results Using a computational version of double-mutant cycle analysis, we show that long-range interactions emerge in lattice models even though they are not an input feature of them. The coupling energy of both short- and long-range pairwise interactions is found to become more positive (destabilizing in a linear fashion with increasing 'contact-frequency', an entropic term that corresponds to the fraction of states in the conformational ensemble of the sequence in which the pair of residues is in contact. A mathematical derivation of the linear dependence of the coupling energy on 'contact-frequency' is provided. Conclusion Our work shows how 'contact-frequency' should be taken into account in attempts to stabilize proteins by introducing (or stabilizing contacts in the native state and/or through 'negative design' of non-native contacts.
Quantum transport with long-range steps on Watts-Strogatz networks
Wang, Yan; Xu, Xin-Jian
2016-07-01
We study transport dynamics of quantum systems with long-range steps on the Watts-Strogatz network (WSN) which is generated by rewiring links of the regular ring. First, we probe physical systems modeled by the discrete nonlinear schrödinger (DNLS) equation. Using the localized initial condition, we compute the time-averaged occupation probability of the initial site, which is related to the nonlinearity, the long-range steps and rewiring links. Self-trapping transitions occur at large (small) nonlinear parameters for coupling ɛ=-1 (1), as long-range interactions are intensified. The structure disorder induced by random rewiring, however, has dual effects for ɛ=-1 and inhibits the self-trapping behavior for ɛ=1. Second, we investigate continuous-time quantum walks (CTQW) on the regular ring ruled by the discrete linear schrödinger (DLS) equation. It is found that only the presence of the long-range steps does not affect the efficiency of the coherent exciton transport, while only the allowance of random rewiring enhances the partial localization. If both factors are considered simultaneously, localization is greatly strengthened, and the transport becomes worse.
Long range correlations generated by phase separation. Exact results from field theory
Delfino, Gesualdo; Squarcini, Alessio
2016-01-01
We consider near-critical planar systems with boundary conditions inducing phase separation. While order parameter correlations decay exponentially in pure phases, we show by direct field theoretical derivation how phase separation generates long range correlations in the direction parallel to the interface, and determine their exact analytic form. The latter leads to specific contributions to the structure factor of the interface.
Data transmission in long-range dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kharitonov, S.; Kiselev, R.; Kumar, Ashwani;
2014-01-01
We demonstrate the data transmission of 10 Gbit/s on-off keying modulated 1550 nm signal through a long-range dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguide structure with negligible signal degradation. In the experiment the bit error rate penalties do not exceed 0.6 dB over the 15 nm...
Short versus long range interactions and the size of two-body weakly bound objects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Very weakly bound systems may manifest intriguing ''universal'' properties, independent of the specific interaction which keeps the system bound. An interesting example is given by relations between the size of the system and the separation energy, or scaling laws. So far, scaling laws have been investigated for short-range and long-range (repulsive) potentials. We report here on scaling laws for weakly bound two-body systems valid for a larger class of potentials, i.e. short-range potentials having a repulsive core and long-range attractive potentials. We emphasize analogies and differences between the short- and the long-range case. In particular, we show that the emergence of halos is a threshold phenomenon which can arise when the system is bound not only by short-range interactions but also by long-range ones, and this for any value of the orbital angular momentum l. These results enlarge the image of halo systems we are accustomed to. (orig.)
Dielectric constant and its role in the long range coherence in biological systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Paul, R. (Calgary Univ., Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry); Chatterjee, R. (Calgary Univ., Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Physics)
1984-07-01
An expression for the dielectric constant has been derived for the Froehlich model of long-range coherence in biological cells. These theoretical expressions are employed to interpret the observed rouleaux formation of red blood cells (erythrocytes). It is concluded that this unusual behaviour of the erythrocytes can be interpreted satisfactorilly by the extended Froehlich model developed by us.
The dielectric constant and its role in the long range coherence in biological systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An expression for the dielectric constant has been derived, for the Froehlich model of long-range coherence in biological cells. These theoretical expressions are employed to interpret the observed rouleaux formation of red blood cells (erythrocytes). It is concluded that this unusual behaviour of the erythrocytes can be interpreted satisfactorilly by the extended Froehlich model developed by us. (Author)
Evaluation of the long-rang dispersion of radionuclides from the Chernobyl accident
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The atmospheric dispersion models have been developed to predict and minimize the radiological damage for the surrounding environment since the Chernobyl accident. There are many nuclear power plants in the region of Northeast Asia. It is necessary to develop a long-range atmospheric dispersion model for the radiological emergency preparedness against a nuclear accident. From this viewpoint, a Lagrangian particle model named L.A.D.A.S.(Long-range Accident Dose Assessment System) was initially developed for the evaluation the long-range dispersion in Korea since 2001. The model designed to estimate air concentrations and dry deposition as well as wet deposition at distances up to some thousands of kilometers from the source point in a horizontal direction. The validation study of the model was firstly performed by comparing the measured values of E.T.E.X. exercise. The developed model was also applied to simulate the movements of the radioactive materials at the Chernobyl accident. An intercomparison and validation study among the long-range models was performed through the A.T.M.E.S.(Atmospheric Transport Model Evaluation Study) project under auspices of the IAEA/W.M.O. (world meteorological organization) in 1992. As a consequence of A.T.M.E.S., it was observed that in a real emergency case, under conditions of urgency and stress, many of the models would have had different results. So, one of the main recommendations was the launch of a long-range atmospheric tracer experiment in conditions as close as possible to those which could be found in a real emergency case, with the advantage of a complete knowledge of the source term. In this study, numerical simulations were carried out to estimate the concentration distributions of 137Cs. The calculated results agreed well with them by Chernobyl accident. In conclusion, a three dimensional Lagrangian particle model named L.A.D.A.S. was developed to evaluate the characteristics of a long-range atmospheric dispersion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This tenth volume of the series of Air Pollution Studies, published under the auspices of the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, contains the documents reviewed and approved for publication at the eleventh session of the Executive Body held at Geneva from 1 to 3 December 1993. Part One is the Annual Review of Strategies and Policies for Air Pollution Abatement. National emission data and forecasts for sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ammonia (NH3) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from 1980 to 2005 are presented. Conclusions are drawn concerning the status of implementation of the sulphur and nitrogen oxides protocols on the basis of these data. Part Two is an executive summary of the 1992 Report on the Forest Condition in Europe. The main objective of this report is to give a condensed description of the condition of forests in Europe, as it has been assessed by the transnational and national annual surveys, carried out jointly by the ECE under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and by the European Community (EC). Part Three is a summary report that focuses on the reduction of air pollution from heat and electric energy production. It is based on discussion papers submitted to the fifth ECE Seminar on Emission Control Technology for Stationary Sources, held in Nuremberg (Germany) from 10 to 14 June 1991. This chapter presents the main control techniques to reduce emissions from fuel combustion, which is a major contribution in most ECE countries to air pollution by sulphur and nitrogen compounds, carbon oxides, organic compounds, as well as heavy metals. Three principal abatement options are reviewed: fuel cleaning and fuel conversion, low-emission combustion processes, and flue gas cleaning processes. Both technical and economic aspects of the different measures are discussed
Intrinsic vs. spurious long-range memory in high-frequency records of environmental radioactivity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The presence or absence of long-range correlations in the environmental radioactivity fluctuations has recently attracted considerable interest. Among a multiplicity of practically relevant applications, identifying and disentangling the environmental factors controlling the variable concentrations of the radioactive noble gas radon is important for estimating its effect on human health and the efficiency of possible measures for reducing the corresponding exposition. In this work, we present a critical re-assessment of a multiplicity of complementary methods that have been previously applied for evaluating the presence of long-range correlations and fractal scaling in environmental radon variations with a particular focus on the specific properties of the underlying time series. As an illustrative case study, we subsequently re-analyze two high-frequency records of indoor radon concentrations from Coimbra, Portugal, each of which spans several weeks of continuous measurements at a high temporal resolution of five minutes. Our results reveal that at the study site, radon concentrations exhibit complex multi-scale dynamics with qualitatively different properties at different time-scales: (i) essentially white noise in the high-frequency part (up to time-scales of about one hour), (ii) spurious indications of a non-stationary, apparently long-range correlated process (at time scales between some hours and one day) arising from marked periodic components, and (iii) low-frequency variability indicating a true long-range dependent process. In the presence of such multi-scale variability, common estimators of long-range memory in time series are prone to fail if applied to the raw data without previous separation of time-scales with qualitatively different dynamics. (authors)
The Characteristics of Long-range Transboundary Inorganic Secondary Aerosols in Northeast Asia
Kim, Y. J.; Carmichael, G. R.; Woo, J. H.; Qiang, Z.
2014-12-01
Recurrent particle matter episodes greatly influence air quality in Northeast Asia. According to many studies, a major reason is long-range transport of air pollutant. Large amount of emission of chemical compounds aggravate air pollution in the region. Emitted air pollutants mainly come from industrialized regions along the East China coast. It can be transported over downwind region by the prevailing westerlies. The long-rang transported fine particle certainly attributes to air quality in downwind region, but there are many unknowns on the quantity, transport pattern, and secondary aerosol production mechanism despite the fact with many studies have been performed. Major contributors of PM2.5 are inorganic secondary aerosols, sulfate, nitrate and ammonium, in Korea. Especially high relative contributions of inorganic secondary aerosols appear for westerly wind cases. The main pathway of production of inorganic secondary aerosols is produced by converting from SO2 and NOx during the long-range transport but the contribution varies dramatically depending on season and wind pattern. Sulfate is consistently the primary contributor of PM2.5 still now but we should more concern nitrate because that NOx emissions of China is increasing steeply since 2000 by leading powerplant, industry, and transport, despite downward trend of SO2. In order to better understand regional air quality modeling of the long-range transport, international study, MICS-Asia phase III, has been initiated with many researchers. We will present chemical characteristics of PM2.5 long-range transport during westerly wind cases focused on secondary aerosol, tracking their transport pattern, and production pathway. Results using CMAQ with the modeling domain covering Northeast and Southeast China, Korea, and Japan with 15km resolution will be discussed.
Teller, E.; Leith, C.; Canavan, G.; Wood, L.
2001-11-13
involve continuing costs of the order of 1% of GDP, a large fraction of which could be retrieved if high-fidelity predictions of two weeks forward applicability were available. These{approx}$10{sup 2} B annual savings dwarf thecosts of operating a rational, long-range weather prediction system of the type proposed.
Long-range spin coupling: a tetraphosphine-bridged palladium dimer.
Arumugam, Kuppuswamy; Shaw, Mohammed C; Mague, Joel T; Bill, Eckhard; Sproules, Stephen; Donahue, James P
2011-04-01
The dipalladium compound [{(adt)Pd}(2)(μ-tpbz)] (1) (adt = bis(p-anisyl)-1,2-ethylenedithiolate, tpbz = 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(diphenylphosphino)benzene) has been synthesized from [{Cl(2)Pd}(2)(μ-tpbz)] by transmetalation employing (adt)SnMe(2). The cyclic voltammogram (CV) of 1 reveals reversible oxidation waves at 0.00 V and +0.50 V (vs [Fc](+)/Fc) with current amplitude twice that for identical processes in the monopalladium compound [(adt)Pd(dppb)] (2) (dppb = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene), an observation indicating each wave involves simultaneous one-electron oxidations at each metallodithiolene fragment. This assignment is affirmed by density functional theory (DFT) calculations that show the redox-active molecular orbital (MO) is principally composed of the dithiolene S(2)C(2) π-system, and by spectroelectrochemical UV-vis of [1](2+), which displays hallmark low energy charge transfer (CT) bands. Dication [1](2+) is a diradical with a near degenerate singlet-triplet ground state; fluid solution electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra validate the DFT-derived isotropic exchange coupling, J' = -6.3 cm(-1). The frozen solution X-band EPR spectrum of [1](2+) is consistent with a spin-triplet bearing a very faint half-field ("ΔM(S) = 2") signal. It is successfully simulated with an amazingly small zero field splitting, D = -15 × 10(-4) cm(-1) and negligible rhombicity (E/D = 0.008). These zero-field splitting parameters, which stem from the long-range dipolar spin coupling, are very accurately reproduced using a multipoint dipole model with an optimized interspin distance of 12.434 Å. With the framework reported herein for understanding how the weak interaction of two spins is mediated by tpbz, this bridging ligand can now be incorporated into extended systems with tailored chemical and physical properties for use in a variety of molecular-based electronic and magnetic devices. PMID:21381668
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Teller, E; Leith, C; Canavan, G; Wood, L
2001-11-13
impacts of weather involve continuing costs of the order of 1% of GDP, a large fraction of which could be retrieved if high-fidelity predictions of two weeks forward applicability were available. These {approx}$10{sup 2} B annual savings dwarf the <$1 B costs of operating a rational, long-range weather prediction system of the type proposed.
Meng, Hao; Wu, Xiuqiang; Ren, Yajie
2015-01-01
We study the supercurrent in clean superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor heterostructure containing a noncollinear magnetic domain in the ferromagnetic region. It is demonstrated that the magnetic domain can lead to a spin-flip scattering process, which reverses the spin orientations of the singlet Cooper pair and simultaneously changes the sign of the corresponding electronic momentum. If the ferromagnetic layers on both sides of magnetic domain have the same features, the long-range proximity effect will take place. That is because the singlet Cooper pair will create an exact phase-cancellation effect and gets an additional π phase shift as it passes through the entire ferromagnetic region. Then, the equal spin triplet pair only exists in the magnetic domain region and can not diffuse into the other two ferromagnetic layers. So, the supercurrent mostly arises from the singlet Cooper pairs, and the equal spin triplet pairs are not involved. This result can provide a approach for generating the long-range supercurrent.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Meng, Hao, E-mail: menghao1982@shu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723001 (China); National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wu, Xiuqiang [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ren, Yajie [School of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering, Shaanxi University of Technology, Hanzhong 723001 (China)
2015-01-14
We study the supercurrent in clean superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor heterostructure containing a noncollinear magnetic domain in the ferromagnetic region. It is demonstrated that the magnetic domain can lead to a spin-flip scattering process, which reverses the spin orientations of the singlet Cooper pair and simultaneously changes the sign of the corresponding electronic momentum. If the ferromagnetic layers on both sides of magnetic domain have the same features, the long-range proximity effect will take place. That is because the singlet Cooper pair will create an exact phase-cancellation effect and gets an additional π phase shift as it passes through the entire ferromagnetic region. Then, the equal spin triplet pair only exists in the magnetic domain region and can not diffuse into the other two ferromagnetic layers. So, the supercurrent mostly arises from the singlet Cooper pairs, and the equal spin triplet pairs are not involved. This result can provide a approach for generating the long-range supercurrent.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For the electroencephalogram (EEG), topographic differences in the long-range temporal correlations would imply that these signals might be affected by specific mechanisms related to the generation of a given neuronal process. So the properties of the generators of various EEG oscillations might be investigated by their spatial differences of the long-range temporal correlations. In the present study, these correlations were characterized with respect to their topography during different vigilance states by detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). The results indicated that (1) most of the scaling exponents acquired from different EEG derivations for various oscillations were significantly different in each vigilance state; these differences might be resulted from the different quantities and different locations of sleep stage-dependent generators of various neuronal processes; (2) there might be multiple generators of delta and theta over the brain and many of them were sleep stage-dependent; (3) the best site of the frontal electrode in a fronto-parietal bipolar electrode for sleep staging might be above the anterior midline cortex. We suggest that DFA analysis can be used to explore the properties of the generators of a given neuronal oscillation, and the localizations of these generators if more electrodes are involved
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the supercurrent in clean superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor heterostructure containing a noncollinear magnetic domain in the ferromagnetic region. It is demonstrated that the magnetic domain can lead to a spin-flip scattering process, which reverses the spin orientations of the singlet Cooper pair and simultaneously changes the sign of the corresponding electronic momentum. If the ferromagnetic layers on both sides of magnetic domain have the same features, the long-range proximity effect will take place. That is because the singlet Cooper pair will create an exact phase-cancellation effect and gets an additional π phase shift as it passes through the entire ferromagnetic region. Then, the equal spin triplet pair only exists in the magnetic domain region and can not diffuse into the other two ferromagnetic layers. So, the supercurrent mostly arises from the singlet Cooper pairs, and the equal spin triplet pairs are not involved. This result can provide a approach for generating the long-range supercurrent
Long range antiferromagnetic order and its coexistence with superconductivity in URu2Si2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Neutron scattering from a high quality single crystal of the heavy fermion superconductor URu2Si2 shows an abrupt onset of antiferromagnetic order at TN = 17 K, unlike the gradual onset previously seen in lower quality samples. The magnetic peak intensity increases linearly down to 5 K, indicating mean-field behaviour and long range RKKY interactions. The intensity remains constant to within 7% between 3 and 0.2 K with no change at the superconducting transition temperature of 1.3 K. The resolution limited Bragg peak shows the order is long-range. The coexistence of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity seen in a lower quality crystal is confirmed and thus is intrinsic. (orig.)
Long-range forces between two excited mercury atoms and associative ionization
Cohen, James S
2007-01-01
The long-range quadrupole-quadrupole ($\\sim R^{-5}$) and leading dispersion ($\\sim R^{-6}$) interactions between all pairs of excited Hg($6s6p$) $^3P_0$, $^3P_1$, $^3P_2$, and $^1P_1$ atoms are determined. The quadrupole moments are calculated using the {\\it ab initio} relativistic configuration-interaction method coupled with many-body perturbation theory. The van der Waals coefficients are approximated using previously calculated static polarizabilities and expressions for the dispersion energy that are validated with similar systems. The long-range interactions are critical for associative ionization in thermal and cold collisions, and are found to be quite different for different pairs of interacting states. Based on this knowledge and the short-range parts of previously calculated potential curves, improved estimates of the chemi-ionization cross sections are obtained.
Long-range interactions and phase defects in chains of fluid-coupled oscillators
Brumley, Douglas R; Kotar, Jurij; Goldstein, Raymond E; Cicuta, Pietro; Polin, Marco
2016-01-01
Eukaryotic cilia and flagella are chemo-mechanical oscillators capable of generating long-range coordinated motions known as metachronal waves. Pair synchronization is a fundamental requirement for these collective dynamics, but it is generally not sufficient for collective phase-locking, chiefly due to the effect of long-range interactions. Here we explore experimentally and numerically a minimal model for a ciliated surface; hydrodynamically coupled oscillators rotating above a no-slip plane. Increasing their distance from the wall profoundly effects the global dynamics, due to variations in hydrodynamic interaction range. The array undergoes a transition from a traveling wave to either a steady chevron pattern or one punctuated by periodic phase defects. Within the transition between these regimes the system displays behavior reminiscent of chimera states.
Long Range Force Transmission in Fibrous Matrices Enabled by Tension-Driven Alignment of Fibers
Wang, Hailong; Chen, Christopher S; Wells, Rebecca G; Shenoy, Vivek B
2014-01-01
Cells can sense and respond to mechanical signals over relatively long distances across fibrous extracellular matrices. Here, we explore all of the key factors that influence long range force transmission in cell-populated collagen matrices: alignment of collagen fibers, responses to applied force, strain stiffening properties of the aligned fibers, aspect ratios of the cells, and the polarization of cellular contraction. A constitutive law accounting for mechanically-driven collagen fiber reorientation is proposed. We systematically investigate the range of collagen fiber alignment using both finite element simulations and analytical calculations. Our results show that tension-driven collagen fiber alignment plays a crucial role in force transmission. Small critical stretch for fiber alignment, large fiber stiffness and fiber strain hardening behavior enable long-range interaction. Furthermore, the range of collagen fiber alignment for elliptical cells with polarized contraction is much larger than that for ...
Do Dark Matter Axions Form a Condensate with Long-Range Correlation?
Guth, Alan H; Prescod-Weinstein, C
2014-01-01
Recently there has been significant interest in the claim that dark matter axions gravitationally thermalize and form a Bose-Einstein condensate with cosmologically long-range correlation. This has potential consequences for galactic scale observations. Here we critically examine this claim. We point out that there is an essential difference between the thermalization and formation of a condensate due to repulsive interactions, which can indeed drive long-range order, and that due to attractive interactions, which can lead to localized Bose clumps (stars or solitons) that only exhibit short range correlation. While the difference between repulsion and attraction is not present in the standard collisional Boltzmann equation, we argue that it is essential to the field theory dynamics, and we explain why the latter analysis is appropriate for a condensate. Since the axion is primarily governed by attractive interactions -- gravitation and scalar-scalar contact interactions -- we conclude that the claim of long-r...
Dasbiswas, K.; Alster, E.; Safran, S. A.
2016-01-01
Mechanobiological studies of cell assemblies have generally focused on cells that are, in principle, identical. Here we predict theoretically the effect on cells in culture of locally introduced biochemical signals that diffuse and locally induce cytoskeletal contractility which is initially small. In steady-state, both the concentration profile of the signaling molecule as well as the contractility profile of the cell assembly are inhomogeneous, with a characteristic length that can be of the order of the system size. The long-range nature of this state originates in the elastic interactions of contractile cells (similar to long-range “macroscopic modes” in non-living elastic inclusions) and the non-linear diffusion of the signaling molecules, here termed mechanogens. We suggest model experiments on cell assemblies on substrates that can test the theory as a prelude to its applicability in embryo development where spatial gradients of morphogens initiate cellular development. PMID:27283037
Anomalous Diffusion and Long-range Correlations in the Score Evolution of the Game of Cricket
Ribeiro, H V; Zeng, Xiao Han T
2012-01-01
We investigate the time evolution of the scores of the second most popular sport in world: the game of cricket. By analyzing the scores event-by-event of more than two thousand matches, we point out that the score dynamics is an anomalous diffusive process. Our analysis reveals that the variance of the process is described by a power-law dependence with a super-diffusive exponent, that the scores are statistically self-similar following a universal Gaussian distribution, and that there are long-range correlations in the score evolution. We employ a generalized Langevin equation with a power-law correlated noise that describe all the empirical findings very well. These observations suggest that competition among agents may be a mechanism leading to anomalous diffusion and long-range correlation.
Resistance of (Fe, Ni)3V long-range-ordered alloys to neutron and ion irradiation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A series of (Fe, Ni)3V long-range-ordered alloys were irradiated with neutrons in the Oak Ridge Research Reactor (ORR) and with 4 MeV Ni ions at temperatures above 2500C. The displacement damage levels for the two irradiations were 3.8 and 70 dpa, and the helium levels were 29 and 560 at. ppM, respectively. Irradiation in ORR generally increased the yield strength and lowered the ductility of an LRO alloy, but produced relatively little swelling. The LRO alloys retained their long-range order after ion irradiation below the critical ordering temperature, T/sub c/, and exhibited low swelling. Above T/sub c/ the alloys were disordered and showed greater swelling. Adjustment of alloy composition to prevent sigma phase formation reduced swelling
Entropy and long-range memory in random symbolic additive Markov chains
Melnik, S. S.; Usatenko, O. V.
2016-06-01
The goal of this paper is to develop an estimate for the entropy of random symbolic sequences with elements belonging to a finite alphabet. As a plausible model, we use the high-order additive stationary ergodic Markov chain with long-range memory. Supposing that the correlations between random elements of the chain are weak, we express the conditional entropy of the sequence by means of the symbolic pair correlation function. We also examine an algorithm for estimating the conditional entropy of finite symbolic sequences. We show that the entropy contains two contributions, i.e., the correlation and the fluctuation. The obtained analytical results are used for numerical evaluation of the entropy of written English texts and DNA nucleotide sequences. The developed theory opens the way for constructing a more consistent and sophisticated approach to describe the systems with strong short-range and weak long-range memory.
Against the long-range spectral leakage of the cosine window family
Chen, Kui Fu; Jiang, Jing Tao; Crowsen, Stephen
2009-06-01
Suppressing spectral leakage in the fast Fourier transform (FFT) has been investigated for over 30 years. Regarding the frequently used cosine window family, it is observed that the long-range leakage sampled by FFT spectral lines follow a flat trajectory. Consequently, the long-range leakage is approximated by polynomials in this paper. In light of this parametric model, the interpolating formula is presented with up to nine-point for a cosine window with maximum side lobe decaying. Its expression is general in the window order and number of interpolating points. Some well-known formulas of the modulus-based interpolated FFT are parallel to special cases of the new formula, but the former are susceptible to significant bias at coherent sampling conditions. The new formula was tested with real-valued signals containing a single tone and then duel tones. It is demonstrated the new formula is easy to implement and is free of the significant bias aforementioned.
Entanglement and quantum-classical crossover in the extended XX model with long-range interactions
Campelo, M. W. V.; de Lima, J. P.; Gonçalves, L. L.
2013-02-01
In this work we considered the one-dimensional extended isotropic XY model (s=1/2) in a transverse field with uniform long-range interactions among the z components of the spins. We studied the classical critical behaviour of the model through the behaviour of the magnetization, isothermal susceptibility, internal energy and specific heat. We have obtained exact expressions for these functions and evaluated the critical exponents. The phase diagrams for the classical critical behaviour were built for three cases of the multiplicity p of the multiple spin interaction, namely p=2, p=3 and p→∞. We have also shown that the quantum phase transitions can also be characterized through two quantifiers of entanglement, namely, the concurrence and the von Neumann entropy. We have also verified through the von Neumann entropy how the central charge of the model is affected by the multiplicity p, the coupling exchange J2 and the uniform long-range interaction I.
Dasbiswas, K; Alster, E; Safran, S A
2016-01-01
Mechanobiological studies of cell assemblies have generally focused on cells that are, in principle, identical. Here we predict theoretically the effect on cells in culture of locally introduced biochemical signals that diffuse and locally induce cytoskeletal contractility which is initially small. In steady-state, both the concentration profile of the signaling molecule as well as the contractility profile of the cell assembly are inhomogeneous, with a characteristic length that can be of the order of the system size. The long-range nature of this state originates in the elastic interactions of contractile cells (similar to long-range "macroscopic modes" in non-living elastic inclusions) and the non-linear diffusion of the signaling molecules, here termed mechanogens. We suggest model experiments on cell assemblies on substrates that can test the theory as a prelude to its applicability in embryo development where spatial gradients of morphogens initiate cellular development. PMID:27283037
Pairing in high-density neutron matter including short- and long-range correlations
Ding, Dong; Rios, Arnau; Dussan, Helber; Dickhoff, Willem; Witte, Sam; Polls, Artur
2016-03-01
To address open questions in neutron star phenomenology, pairing gaps of 1S0 and 3P2 -3F2 channels in a wide range of densities has been calculated using three different interactions (AV18 CDbonn N3LO). Traditionally, the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer(BCS) approach has been used to compute gaps from bare nucleon-nucleon interactions. Here, we incorporate the influence of short- and long-range correlations in the pairing gaps. Short-range correlations (SRC) are treated including the appropriate fragmentation of single-particle states, and they suppress the gaps substantially. Long-range correlations(LRC) dress the pairing interaction via density and spin modes, and provide a relatively small correction. Results are relevant and parametrized in a user friendly way for neutron-star cooling scenarios, in particular in view of the recent observational data on Cassiopeia A.
Samanta, Anirban; Zhou, Yadong; Zou, Shengli; Yan, Hao; Liu, Yan
2014-09-10
The dependence of quantum dot (QD) fluorescence emission on the proximity of 30 nm gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was studied with controlled interparticle distances ranging from 15 to 70 nm. This was achieved by coassembling DNA-conjugated QDs and AuNPs in a 1:1 ratio at precise positions on a triangular-shaped DNA origami platform. A profound, long-range quenching of the photoluminescence intensity of the QDs was observed. A combination of static and time-resolved fluorescence measurements suggests that the quenching is due to an increase in the nonradiative decay rate of QD emission. Unlike FRET, the energy transfer is inversely proportional to the 2.7th power of the distance between nanoparticles with half quenching at ∼28 nm. This long-range quenching phenomena may be useful for developing extended spectroscopic rulers in the future. PMID:25084363
Dasbiswas, K.; Alster, E.; Safran, S. A.
2016-06-01
Mechanobiological studies of cell assemblies have generally focused on cells that are, in principle, identical. Here we predict theoretically the effect on cells in culture of locally introduced biochemical signals that diffuse and locally induce cytoskeletal contractility which is initially small. In steady-state, both the concentration profile of the signaling molecule as well as the contractility profile of the cell assembly are inhomogeneous, with a characteristic length that can be of the order of the system size. The long-range nature of this state originates in the elastic interactions of contractile cells (similar to long-range “macroscopic modes” in non-living elastic inclusions) and the non-linear diffusion of the signaling molecules, here termed mechanogens. We suggest model experiments on cell assemblies on substrates that can test the theory as a prelude to its applicability in embryo development where spatial gradients of morphogens initiate cellular development.
Long-range and frustrated spin-spin interactions in crystals of cold polar molecules
Zhou, Y L; Rabl, P
2011-01-01
We describe a simple scheme for the implementation and control of effective spin-spin interactions in self-assembled crystals of cold polar molecules. In our scheme spin states are encoded in two long-lived rotational states of the molecules and coupled via state dependent dipole-dipole forces to the lattice vibrations. We show that by choosing an appropriate time dependent modulation of the induced dipole moments the resulting phonon-mediated interactions compete with the direct dipole-dipole coupling and lead to long-range and tunable spin-spin interaction patterns. We illustrate how this technique can be used for the generation of multi-particle entangled spin states and the implementation of spin models with longe-range and frustrated interactions which exhibit non-trivial phases of magnetic ordering.
Quantization of the periodic orbits and long-range correlations in quantum spectra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using the classical quantization way in a two-dimensional integrable system and quantized energies-periodic orbits correspondence relationship, the long-range correlation among the quantum levels has been discussed in detail. Making use of Berry-Tabor trace formula, the quantization conditions of the action of the periodic orbits in two dimensional integrable systems have been obtained. Furthermore, considering the periodicity conditions for the periodic orbits on reasonable torus, the correspondence relations between quantum levels and classical periodic orbits in the two dimensional uncoupled oscillators have been established. It is also shown that there exist the long-range correlations among these quantum levels which correspond to the group of the classical periodic orbits with same topology M(M1, M2). To concert state the new points, an example has been given
Chemical ordering beyond the superstructure in long-range ordered systems
Stana, Markus; Kozubski, Rafal; Leitner, Michael
2016-01-01
To describe chemical ordering in solid solutions systems Warren-Cowley short-range parameters are ordinarily used. However, they are not directly suited for application to long-range ordered systems, as they do not converge to zero for large separations. It is the aim of this paper to generalize the theory to long-range ordered systems and quantitatively discuss chemical short-range order beyond the superstructure arrangements. This is demonstrated on the example of a non-stoichiometric B2-ordered intermetallic alloy. Parameters of interatomic potentials are taken from an embedded atom method (EAM) calculations and the degree of order is simulated by the Monte Carlo method. Both on-lattice and off-lattice methods, where the latter allows individual atoms to deviate from their regular lattice sites, were used, and the resulting effects are discussed.
Information resources management long-range plan, FY1994--1998
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This document describes IRM activities and the information technology resources and capabilities of the Department, the future requirements, and the strategies and plans to satisfy the identified requirements. The long-range planning process provides the systematic means to meet this objective and assists the Department in assuring that information technology (IT) support is provided in an efficient, effective, and timely manner so that its programmatic missions can be accomplished. Another important objective of the Plan is to promote better understanding, both within and external to the Department, of its IT environment, requirements, issues, and recommended solutions. This DOE IRM Plan takes into consideration the IRM requirements of approximately 50 different sites. The annual long-range planning cycle for supporting this Plan was initiated by a Call in August 1991 for site plans to be submitted in February 1992 by those Departmental components and contractors with major IRM requirements
Search for Long-Range Correlations in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at SPS Energies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range correlations are searched for by analysing the experimental data on 16O-AgBr and 32S-AgBr collisions at 200 A GeV/c and the results are compared with the predictions of a multi phase transport (AMPT) model. The findings reveal that the observed forward-backward (F-B) multiplicity correlations are mainly of short range in nature. The range of F-B correlations are observed to extend with increasing projectile mass. The observed extended range of F-B correlations might be due to overall multiplicity fluctuations arising because of nuclear geometry. The findings are not sufficient for making any definite conclusions regarding the presence of long-range correlations
Wave operators for long-range spheroidal potentials and the variable phase method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The subject of this paper is wave operators for long-range spheroidal potentials which decrease an infinity as some reverse powers and even slower. The validity of the Birman-Kato invariance principle for such potentials is proved. Shown is the exsistence of an asymptotic compensating operator by means of which one can express the adjoint operators Ωsub(+-) in dense in Ran Ωsub(+-) sets. A modified Lippmann-Schwinger equation for the long-range spheroidal potentials under consideration has been used to develop a variable phase method and to obtain a phase equation with short range effective potentials, the basis functions of which satisfy the free radial Schroedinger equation with a spheroidal potential
Long range beam-beam interaction and the effect on the beam and luminosity lifetimes
Crouch, Matthew; Barranco Garcia, Javier; Banfi, Danilo; Buffat, Xavier; Tambasco, Claudia; Alexahin, Yuri; Bruce, Roderik; Giachino, Rossano; Pojer, Mirko; Salvachua Ferrando, Belen Maria; Solfaroli Camillocci, Matteo; Trad, Georges; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department
2016-01-01
Identifying the minimum crossing angle achievable in the LHC is a key parameter to identify the collider luminosity reach. In this note, we summarise the observations collected during a dedicated experiment performed in 2015, where the strength of the long range beam-beam interaction is varied by reducing the crossing angle at IP1 and IP5. The crossing angle and the impact of the long range beam-beam interaction is analysed with respect to the beam and luminosity lifetimes. The effect of reducing Landau octupoles initially operating at 476 [A] and high chromaticity values (15 units) are also shown. The minimum crossing angle achievable with collisions is identified, together with the impact on beam and luminosity lifetimes
Long-range surface magnetoplasmon on thin plasmon films in the Voigt configuration.
Lan, Yung-Chiang; Chen, Chih-Min
2010-06-01
This study elucidates the characteristics of a long-range surface magnetoplasmon (LRSMP) that propagates on a plasmon film with the Voigt configuration. Particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations and theoretical analyses are performed. Simulation results indicate that LRSMP has non-symmetrical fields. The proposed scheme also verifies the non-reciprocal properties of LRSMP as the direction of an applied external magnetic field is reversed. When surface waves propagate on a plasmon film across an interface on one side of which long-range surface plasmon (LRSP) is allowed while on the other side of which LRSMP is allowed, the interface behaves similar to a defect and transforms the surface waves into radiation modes owing to the mismatch between the field patterns of LRSP and LRSMP. Furthermore, PIC simulation results confirm the presence of a new high-frequency LRSMP whose frequency exceeds the plasma frequency and lacks a LRSP counterpart. PMID:20588373
Information resources management long-range plan, FY1994--1998
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1993-04-01
This document describes IRM activities and the information technology resources and capabilities of the Department, the future requirements, and the strategies and plans to satisfy the identified requirements. The long-range planning process provides the systematic means to meet this objective and assists the Department in assuring that information technology (IT) support is provided in an efficient, effective, and timely manner so that its programmatic missions can be accomplished. Another important objective of the Plan is to promote better understanding, both within and external to the Department, of its IT environment, requirements, issues, and recommended solutions. This DOE IRM Plan takes into consideration the IRM requirements of approximately 50 different sites. The annual long-range planning cycle for supporting this Plan was initiated by a Call in August 1991 for site plans to be submitted in February 1992 by those Departmental components and contractors with major IRM requirements.
FY 1991--FY 1995 Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1989-12-01
The Department of Energy has consolidated its plans for Information Systems, Computing Resources, and Telecommunications into a single document, the Information Technology Resources Long-Range Plan. The consolidation was done as a joint effort by the Office of ADP Management and the Office of Computer Services and Telecommunications Management under the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Administration, Information, and Facilities Management. This Plan is the product of a long-range planning process used to project both future information technology requirements and the resources necessary to meet those requirements. It encompasses the plans of the various organizational components within the Department and its management and operating contractors over the next 5 fiscal years, 1991 through 1995.
Dark matter, long-range forces, and large-scale structure
Gradwohl, Ben-Ami; Frieman, Joshua A.
1992-01-01
If the dark matter in galaxies and clusters is nonbaryonic, it can interact with additional long-range fields that are invisible to experimental tests of the equivalence principle. We discuss the astrophysical and cosmological implications of a long-range force coupled only to the dark matter and find rather tight constraints on its strength. If the force is repulsive (attractive), the masses of galaxy groups and clusters (and the mean density of the universe inferred from them) have been systematically underestimated (overestimated). We explore the consequent effects on the two-point correlation function, large-scale velocity flows, and microwave background anisotropies, for models with initial scale-invariant adiabatic perturbations and cold dark matter.
Vitanov, N K; Vitanov, Nikolay K.; Yankulova, Elka D.
2006-01-01
Time series of heartbeat activity of humans can exhibit long-range correlations. In this paper we show that such kind of correlations can exist for the heartbeat activity of much simpler species like Drosophila melanogaster. By means of the method of multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA) we calculate fractal spectra $f(\\alpha)$ and $h(q)$ and investigate the correlation properties of heartbeat activity of Drosophila with genetic hearth defects for three consequent generations of species. We observe that opposite to the case of humans the time series of the heartbeat activity of healtly Drosophila do not have scaling properties. Time series from flies with genetic defects can be long-range correllated and can have multifractal properties. The fractal heartbeat dynamics of Drosophila is transferred from generation to generation.
Fractal mechanisms and heart rate dynamics. Long-range correlations and their breakdown with disease
Peng, C. K.; Havlin, S.; Hausdorff, J. M.; Mietus, J. E.; Stanley, H. E.; Goldberger, A. L.
1995-01-01
Under healthy conditions, the normal cardiac (sinus) interbeat interval fluctuates in a complex manner. Quantitative analysis using techniques adapted from statistical physics reveals the presence of long-range power-law correlations extending over thousands of heartbeats. This scale-invariant (fractal) behavior suggests that the regulatory system generating these fluctuations is operating far from equilibrium. In contrast, it is found that for subjects at high risk of sudden death (e.g., congestive heart failure patients), these long-range correlations break down. Application of fractal scaling analysis and related techniques provides new approaches to assessing cardiac risk and forecasting sudden cardiac death, as well as motivating development of novel physiologic models of systems that appear to be heterodynamic rather than homeostatic.
Fractional quantum mechanics on networks: Long-range dynamics and quantum transport.
Riascos, A P; Mateos, José L
2015-11-01
In this paper we study the quantum transport on networks with a temporal evolution governed by the fractional Schrödinger equation. We generalize the dynamics based on continuous-time quantum walks, with transitions to nearest neighbors on the network, to the fractional case that allows long-range displacements. By using the fractional Laplacian matrix of a network, we establish a formalism that combines a long-range dynamics with the quantum superposition of states; this general approach applies to any type of connected undirected networks, including regular, random, and complex networks, and can be implemented from the spectral properties of the Laplacian matrix. We study the fractional dynamics and its capacity to explore the network by means of the transition probability, the average probability of return, and global quantities that characterize the efficiency of this quantum process. As a particular case, we explore analytically these quantities for circulant networks such as rings, interacting cycles, and complete graphs. PMID:26651751
Quantum spin models with long-range interactions and tunnelings: a quantum Monte Carlo study
Maik, Michał; Hauke, Philipp; Dutta, Omjyoti; Zakrzewski, Jakub; Lewenstein, Maciej
2012-11-01
We use a quantum Monte Carlo method to investigate various classes of two-dimensional spin models with long-range interactions at low temperatures. In particular, we study a dipolar XXZ model with U(1) symmetry that appears as a hard-core boson limit of an extended Hubbard model describing polarized dipolar atoms or molecules in an optical lattice. Tunneling, in such a model, is short-range, whereas density-density couplings decay with distance following a cubic power law. We also investigate an XXZ model with long-range couplings of all three spin components—such a model describes a system of ultracold ions in a lattice of microtraps. We describe an approximate phase diagram for such systems at zero and at finite temperature, and compare their properties. In particular, we compare the extent of crystalline, superfluid and supersolid phases. Our predictions apply directly to current experiments with mesoscopic numbers of polar molecules and trapped ions.
Long-range orientation correlation in dipolar liquids probed by hyper-Rayleigh scattering.
Shelton, David P
2015-10-01
Hyper-Rayleigh scattering (HRS) is sensitive to long-range molecular orientation correlation in isotropic liquids composed of dipolar molecules. The correlation functions that appear in the calculation of HRS mediated by the vector part of the first hyperpolarizability β are the same as the correlation functions for the homogeneous isotropic random vector fields that appear in the description of fluid turbulence. Recent experiments measuring the angle and polarization dependence of HRS from water find a dominant transverse mode contribution with amplitude independent of the scattering wavevector, and this observation of transverse mode HRS strongly constrains the form of the orientation correlation function. Analysis of these HRS results for water determines that the long-range molecular orientation correlation function varies as r(-3±ε) with |ε| < 0.03 on spatial scales up to 2000 nm. PMID:26450319
Rolling estimations of long range dependence volatility for high frequency S&P500 index
Cheong, Chin Wen; Pei, Tan Pei
2015-10-01
This study evaluates the time-varying long range dependence behaviors of the S&P500 volatility index using the modified rescaled adjusted range (R/S) statistic. For better computational result, a high frequency rolling bipower variation realized volatility estimates are used to avoid possible abrupt jump. The empirical analysis findings allow us to understand better the informationally market efficiency before and after the subprime mortgage crisis.
Shot noise in Graphene with long range Coulomb interaction and the local Fermi distribution
Golub, Anatoly; Horovitz, Baruch
2009-01-01
We calculate the shot noise power in ballistic graphene using the kinetic equation approach based on the Keldysh technique. We find that the local energy distribution function obeys Poisson's equation, indicating a mapping into a diffusive metal system. We derive the conductance and noise including the long range Coulomb interaction to first order. We find that the shot noise increases due to interaction, leading to a frequency dependence. Furthermore, we find that the Fano factor at degenera...
Long-range forces between two excited mercury atoms and associative ionization
Cohen, James S.; Derevianko, Andrei
2007-01-01
The long-range quadrupole-quadrupole ($\\sim R^{-5}$) and leading dispersion ($\\sim R^{-6}$) interactions between all pairs of excited Hg($6s6p$) $^3P_0$, $^3P_1$, $^3P_2$, and $^1P_1$ atoms are determined. The quadrupole moments are calculated using the {\\it ab initio} relativistic configuration-interaction method coupled with many-body perturbation theory. The van der Waals coefficients are approximated using previously calculated static polarizabilities and expressions for the dispersion en...
Simulation of wire-compensation of long range beam beam interaction in high energy accelerators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Full text: We present weak-strong simulation results for the effect of long-range beam-beam (LRBB) interaction in LHC as well as for proposed wire compensation schemes or wire experiments, respectively. In particular, we discuss details of the simulation model, instability indicators, the effectiveness of compensation, the difference between nominal and PACMAN bunches for the LHC, beam experiments, and wire tolerances. The simulations are performed with the new code BBTrack. (author)
Kinetic growth of polyelectrolytes: Long-range true self-avoiding walks
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A long-range interacting 1/Vertical BarrVertical Bar/sup ω/ true self-avoiding walk is introduced. A Flory argument gives the scaling exponent ν = 2/(ω+2) for the end-to-end distance. For a Coulomb interaction this yields ν = 2/d, which implies that four is the upper critical dimension for growing polyelectrolytes. A Monte Carlo simulation is consistent with this conclusion
A model for long range atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides released over a short period
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This report is the fourth in a series which gives practical guidance on the estimation of the dispersion of radioactive material released to the atmosphere. It represents the conclusions of a Working Group established to review recent developments in atmospheric dispersion modelling and to propose models for use within the UK. This report describes a model considered suitable for calculating dispersion at long range from releases of short duration. (author)
About one long-range contribution to K+ -> pi+ l+ l- decays
Lichard, Peter
1999-01-01
We investigate the mechanism of K+ -> pi+ l+ l- (l= e, mu) decays in which a virtual photon is emitted either from the incoming K+ or the outgoing pi+. We point out some inconsistencies with and between two previous calculations, discuss the possible experimental inputs, and estimate the branching fractions. This mechanism alone fails to explain the existing experimental data by more than one order-of-magnitude. But it may show itself by its interference with the leading long-range mechanism ...
Long-range Transport Modeling System and its Application over the Northeast Asia
Il-Soo Park; Sang-Kyun Kim; Tae-Yong Lee; Won-Joon Choi; Cheol-Hee Kim
2006-01-01
A Comprehensive Acid Deposition Modeling (CADM) was developed at the National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) and Yonsei University in South Korea in order to simulate the long-range transboundary air pollutants and regional acid deposition processes over the Northeast Asia. The modeling system CADM is composed of a real-time numerical weather forecasting model (RAMS) and an Eulerian air pollution transport/dispersion/deposition model including gas- and aqueous-phase atmospheric ch...
Coating the carbon nanotubes: Geometry of incommensurate long-range ordered physisorbed monolayers
Siber, Antonio
2003-01-01
The structures of long-range ordered physisorbed monolayer on a carbon nanotube are examined. Geometrical and energetical constraints determining the order of such monolayers are discussed. A number of symmetrically different, strongly bound adsorbate structures is found for Xe adsorbates, some of which differ very little in energy. The presented results suggest that the atomically uniform coating of carbon nanotubes is possible and offer a clear visualization of such coatings.
Test of unparticle long range forces from perihelion precession of Mercury
Das, Suratna; Rao, Kumar
2007-01-01
Unparticle exchange gives rise to long range forces which deviate from the inverse square law due to non-canonical dimension of unparticles. It is well known that a potential of the form $r^{-n}$ where $n$ is not equal to one gives rise to a precession in the perihelion of planetary orbits. We calculate the constraints on unparticle couplings with baryons and leptons from the observations of perihelion advance of Mercury orbit.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Experience has shown that industrial accidents causing a release of harmful material to the atmosphere can have consequences extending to hundreds and even thousands of kilometres. A variety of long-range atmospheric transport models have been established in different countries for application in emergency management, but their quality can only be assessed with difficulty. The Chernobyl accident data have been used retrospectively for model validation, but the source term associated with it is uncertain and this limits the values for model evaluation purposes. For these reasons a follow-up study called European Tracer Experiment (ETEX), jointly organised by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (EC JRC), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the World Meteorology Organization (WMO), started in 1992. The objectives of ETEX were to conduct a long-range atmospheric tracer experiment; to test the capability of institutes responsible for emergency response to produce forecasts in real-time; to evaluate the validity of their forecasts and to assemble a database which allows the evaluation of long-range atmospheric dispersion models in general. The ETEX Symposium on Long-range Atmospheric Transport, Model Verification and Emergency Response was held in Vienna, 13 - 16 May 1997. World-wide interest in the topics was demonstrated by 90 participants coming from 24 European countries including Australia, Canada, Japan, Russia and the United States. The audience was made up of ETEX participants, International Agencies, Meteorological Services and the modelling community. The 56 presentations gave a summary of the state of the art of forecasting pollutant dispersion in case of a major accidental release to the atmosphere. The Proceedings of the Symposium summarises the results of this successful project and gives conclusions and recommendations. Detailed descriptions of the project, the experimental and modelling results will be published in separate
Quantum Glass Transition in a Periodic Long-Range Josephson Array
Kagan, D. M.; Ioffe, L. B.; Feigel'Man, M.V.
1999-01-01
We show that the ground state of the periodic long range Josephson array frustrated by magnetic field is a glass for a sufficiently large Josephson energies despite the absence of a quenched disorder. Like superconductors, this glass state has non-zero phase stiffness and Meissner response; for smaller Josephson energies the glass "melts" and the ground state loses the phase stiffness and becomes insulating. We find the critical scaling behavior near this quantum phase transition: the excitat...
Photoassociation of a cold atom-molecule pair: long-range quadrupole-quadrupole interactions
Lepers, M.; Dulieu, O.; Kokoouline, V.
2010-01-01
The general formalism of the multipolar expansion of electrostatic interactions is applied to the calculation the potential energy between an excited atom (without fine structure) and a ground state diatomic molecule at large separations. Both partners exhibit a permanent quadrupole moment, so that their mutual quadrupole-quadrupole long-range interaction is attractive enough to bind trimers. Numerical results are given for an excited Cs(6P) atom and a ground state Cs2 molecule. The prospects...
Random Long-Range Interaction Induced Synchronization in Coupled Networks of Inertial Ratchets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WEI Du-Qu; LUO Xiao-Shu; CHEN Hong-Bin; ZHANG Bo
2011-01-01
We investigate how the random long-range interactions affect the synchronization features in networks of inertial ratchets, where each ratchet is driven by a periodic time-dependent external force, under the influence of an asymmetric periodic potential. It is found that for a given coupling strength C, the synchronization of the coupled ratchets is induced as the fraction of random long-range interactions p increases and the ratchet networks reach full synchronization for a larger p. It is also found that the system reaches synchronization more effectively for a stronger coupling strength.%We investigate how the random long-range interactions affect the synchronization features in networks of inertial ratchets,where each ratchet is driven by a periodic time-dependent external force,under the influence of an asymmetric periodic potential.It is found that for a given coupling strength C,the synchronization of the coupled ratchets is induced as the fraction of random long-range interactions p increases and the ratchet networks reachfull synchronization for a larger p.It is also found that the system reaches synchronization more effectively for a stronger coupling strength.Transport phenomena play a crucial role in a large variety of processes in nature,from biological through physical to social systems.[1-6] In the past two decades,there have been attempts to model the transport properties of classical deterministic inertial ratchets.[7-9] For example,Mateos[10,11] found the origin of the current reversal as a bifurcation from a chaotic to a periodic regime;Vale et al.[12] and Endow et al.[13] found that the kinesin direction of motion along microtubules could be reversed by adjusting the architecture of a small domain of the protein.More interestingly,recent investigations have found that mutual connection plays a vital role in cooperative transport properties of groups of interacting elements.[14
Long-range Scanning Tunneling Microscope for the study of nanostructures on insulating substrates
Molina-Mendoza, Aday; Rodrigo, José Gabriel; Island, Joshua; Burzuri, Enrique; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino; van der Zant, Herre S J; Agraït, Nicolás
2013-01-01
The Scanning Tunneling Microscope is a powerful tool for studying the electronic properties at the atomic level, however it's relatively small scanning range and the fact that it can only operate on conducting samples prevents its application to study heterogeneous samples consisting on conducting and insulating regions. Here we present a long-range scanning tunneling microscope capable of detecting conducting micro and nanostructures on insulating substrates using a technique based on the ca...
Konishi, Eiji
2016-01-01
We propose a mechanism for time reparametrization symmetry breaking in canonical gravity. We consider a model of spinor gravity, based on Sen's reformulation of canonical gravity as a spin system, with one additional long-range self-interacting massive spinor particle that is coupled to spinor gravity. The symmetry breaking is identified with the origin of the quantum mechanical non-unitary evolution. A part of our approach to deriving non-unitary time-dependent processes of wave functions fo...
Long-range spatial correlations in the turbulent edge plasma of the L-2M stellarator
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range spatial correlations in the turbulent plasma of the L-2M stellarator were revealed experimentally, and their relation to the geometry of magnetic surfaces was analyzed (Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 50, 045001 (2008)). The operation modes of the facility in which fast transport transitions in plasma are possible were studied. Upon these transitions, the turbulence level is found to decrease substantially. It is shown that long-range spatial correlations are typical of relatively narrow frequency ranges. In particular, before a transport transition, such frequency ranges are f ∼ 30–40 kHz and f ∼ 1–3 kHz. After the transition, long-range spatial correlations in the frequency range of f ∼ 30–40 kHz disappear due to a significant decrease in the turbulence level in this frequency range. At the same time, correlations in the low frequency range are retained and new correlations at frequencies of f ∼ 6-12 kHz occur. It is found that global electromagnetic oscillations in the frequency range of f ∼ 1–3 kHz are related to the m/n = 0/0 perturbation and its toroidal satellites (here, m and n are the poloidal and toroidal mode numbers, respectively). It is also shown that, after the transport transition, a three-dimensional localized electromagnetic mode at the frequency of the geodesic acoustic mode governed by the average magnetic field curvature is excited. At higher frequencies typical of a geodesic acoustic mode related to the three-dimensional curvature of the magnetic field, no long-range spatial correlations were observed both before and after the transport transition
Effective Hamiltonian for fluid membranes in the presence of long-ranged forces
Dutka, F.; Napiorkowski, M.; S. Dietrich
2008-01-01
If the constituent particles of fluid phases interact via long-ranged van der Waals forces, the effective Hamiltonian for \\emph{interfaces} between such fluid phases contains - in lateral Fourier space - non-analytic terms $ \\sim q^4 \\ln q$. Similar non-analytic terms characterize the effective Hamiltonian for two interacting interfaces which can emerge between the three possible coexisting fluid phases in binary liquid mixtures. This is in contrast with the structure of the phenomenological ...
Detection of long-range concerted motions in protein by a distance covariance
Roy, Amitava; Post, Carol Beth
2012-01-01
We asses the ability of a distance correlation coefficient (DiCC), calculated from distance covariance, for detecting long-range concerted motion in proteins. We establish a set of criteria for ideal correlation coefficient values based on the coefficient of determination in multi-dimension, R2. We compare in detail DiCC and conventional coefficients against these criteria. We demonstrate that in contrast to conventional correlation coefficients, which capture long-distance correlation adequa...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A model for estimating radiation doses resulting from long range atmospheric transport of released radionuclides in accidents is precented. The model (TRADOS) is able to treat changing diffusion conditions. For example the plume can be exposed to temporary rain, changes in turbulence and mixing depth. This can result in considerable changes in individual doses. The method is applied to an example trajectory and the doses caused by a serious reactor accident are calculated
Long-range field-effect from gate tuning of non-local conductivity
Wang, Lin; Gutiérrez-Lezama, Ignacio; Barreteau, Céline; Ki, Dong-Keun; Giannini, Enrico; Morpurgo, Alberto F.
2016-01-01
We report the observation of an unexpected, long-range field-effect in WTe$_2$ devices, leading to large gate-induced changes of the transport properties of crystals much thicker than the electrostatic screening length. The phenomenon --which manifests itself very differently from the conventional field-effect-- originates from the non-local nature of transport in the devices that are thinner than the carrier mean free path, because of the dominant role of surface scattering. We reproduce the...
Chromosome-scale shotgun assembly using an in vitro method for long-range linkage
Putnam, NH; O'Connell, BL; Stites, JC; Rice, BJ; Blanchette, M; Calef, R; Troll, CJ; FIELDS, A.; Hartley, PD; Sugnet, CW; Haussler, D; Rokhsar, Ds; Green, RE
2016-01-01
Long-range and highly accurate de novo assembly from short-read data is one of the most pressing challenges in genomics. Recently, it has been shown that read pairs generated by proximity ligation of DNA in chromatin of living tissue can address this problem, dramatically increasing the scaffold contiguity of assemblies. Here, we describe a simpler approach ("Chicago") based on in vitro reconstituted chromatin. We generated two Chicago data sets with human DNA and developed a statistical mode...
Chromosome-scale shotgun assembly using an in vitro method for long-range linkage
Putnam, Nicholas H.; O'Connell, Brendan; Stites, Jonathan C.; Rice, Brandon J.; Fields, Andrew; Hartley, Paul D.; Sugnet, Charles W.; Haussler, David; Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Green, Richard E.
2015-01-01
Long-range and highly accurate de novo assembly from short-read data is one of the most pressing challenges in genomics. Recently, it has been shown that read pairs generated by proximity ligation of DNA in chromatin of living tissue can address this problem. These data dramatically increase the scaffold contiguity of assemblies and provide haplotype phasing information. Here, we describe a simpler approach ("Chicago") based on in vitro reconstituted chromatin. We generated two Chicago datase...
Long-Range and Deep Convective Transport of Boreal Forest Fire Emissions
Damoah, Richard
2006-01-01
Boreal forest fire emissions have strong impact on the concentrations of atmospheric trace gases and aerosols on local, regional and even continental scales. This dissertation investigates the impact of long-range transport of forest fire emissions on the atmosphere. It uses Satellite and lidar measurements with Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART to understand the transport processes. The satellite data provided a unique opportunity for validating the model simulations of troposphe...
Two-loop Feynman integrals for $\\phi^4$ theory with long-range correlated disorder
Dudka, M.
2014-01-01
Two-loop massive Feynman integrals for $\\phi^4$ field-theoretical model with long-range correlated disorder are considered. Massive integrals for the vertex function $\\Gamma^{(4)}$ including two or three massless propagators for generic space dimension and for any value of the correlation parameter are evaluated analytically applying Mellin-Barnes method as well as familiar representation for one-loop integrals. Obtained expressions are presented in the form of hypergeometric functions.
Long-Range Surface Plasmon Polaritons Guided by a Thin Metal Stripe
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
RAO Yi; LIU Fang; HUANG Yi-Dong; DAI Ohnishi; ZHANG Wei; PENG Jiang-De
2007-01-01
A long-range surface plasmon polariton (LRSPP) waveguide consisting of a 15 nm thick gold stripe embedded in a homogeneous polymer BCB is reported. LRSPPs are excited by TM-mode input light successfully using an end-fire method. By scanning the output coupling fibre, the near field of the LRSPP is measured. The propagation loss of as low as 2.34 dB/mm is demonstrated.
Reflex: intramolecular barcoding of long-range PCR products for sequencing multiple pooled DNAs
Casbon, James A; Slatter, Andrew F; Musgrave-Brown, Esther; Osborne, Robert J.; Lichtenstein, Conrad P.; Brenner, Sydney
2013-01-01
We present an intramolecular reaction, Reflex™, to derive shorter, sequencer-ready, daughter polymerase chain reaction products from a pooled population of barcoded long-range polymerase chain reaction products, whilst still preserving the cognate DNA barcodes. Our Reflex workflow needs only a small number of primer extension steps to rapidly enable uniform sequence coverage of long contiguous sequence targets in large numbers of samples at low cost on desktop next-generation sequencers.
Long-range hospital capital requirements planning: the state of the art, a proposal for change.
Hogan, A J
1984-01-01
A Hospital Capital Requirements Planning System is proposed to channel competition through the use of a regional planning model. This model would help to reduce the social deadweight loss arising from competition-induced uncertainty. The system would increase the internal long-range planning capacity of hospitals and improve the quality of the applications presented for Certificate of Need review. Both health systems planners and investment bankers should have better information with which to evaluate hospital capital investment proposals. PMID:10269910
Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets
Brown, Solange P.; Hestrin, Shaul
2009-01-01
Cortical columns generate separate streams of information that are distributed to numerous cortical and subcortical brain regions1. We asked whether local intracortical circuits reflect these different processing streams by testing if the intracortical connectivity among pyramids reflects their long-range axonal targets. We recorded simultaneously from up to four retrogradely labelled pyramids that projected to the superior colliculus, the contralateral striatum or the contralateral cortex to...
N(+)-N long-range interaction energies and resonance charge exchange
Stallcop, J. R.; Partridge, H.
1985-01-01
The aerothermodynamic studies of proposed space missions require atmospheric charge-transfer data. N2(+) eigenstate energies are calculated with use of the complete-active-space self-consistent-field method with an extended Gaussian basis set. The N(+)-N charge-exchange cross section, determined from these energies, agrees with merged-beam measurements. This contradicts the previous theoretical conclusion. A simple physical description of the long-range interaction is presented and should expedite future charge-transfer studies.
Interannual variability of long-range transport as seen at the Mt. Bachelor observatory
Reidmiller, D. R.; Jaffe, D.A.; D. Chand; S. Strode; Swartzendruber, P.; Wolfe, G. M.; Thornton, J. A.
2009-01-01
Interannual variations in background tropospheric trace gases (such as carbon monoxide, CO) are largely driven by variations in emissions (especially wildfires) and transport pathways. Understanding this variability is essential to quantify the intercontinental contribution to US air quality. We investigate the interannual variability of long-range transport of Asian pollutants to the Northeast Pacific via measurements from the Mt. Bachelor Observatory (MBO: 43.98° N, 121.69° ...
Modeling long-range memory trading activity by stochastic differential equations
Gontis, V.; Kaulakys, B.
2006-01-01
We propose a model of fractal point process driven by the nonlinear stochastic differential equation. The model is adjusted to the empirical data of trading activity in financial markets. This reproduces the probability distribution function and power spectral density of trading activity observed in the stock markets. We present a simple stochastic relation between the trading activity and return, which enables us to reproduce long-range memory statistical properties of volatility by numerica...
Mobile network architecture of the long-range WindScanner system
Vasiljevic, Nikola; Lea, Guillaume; Hansen, Per; Jensen, Henrik M.
2016-01-01
In this report we have presented the network architecture of the long-range WindScanner system that allows utilization of mobile network connections without the use of static public IP addresses. The architecture mitigates the issues of additional fees and contractual obligations that are linked to the acquisition of the mobile network connections with static public IP addresses. The architecture consists of a hardware VPN solution based on the network appliances Z1 and MX60 from Cisco Meraki...
Long-range gravitational-like interaction in a neutral atomic cold gas
Chalony, Maryvonne; Marcos, B; Olivetti, A; Wilkowski, David
2012-01-01
A quasi resonant laser induces a long-range attractive force within a cloud of cold atoms. We take advantage of this force to build in the lab quasi 1D systems of particles with a gravitational-like interaction, at a fluid level of modeling. We give experimental evidences of such an interaction in a Strontium cold gas, studying the density profile of the cloud, its size as a function of the number of atoms and its breathing oscillations.
Flow fluctuations and long-range correlations: elliptic flow and beyond
Luzum, Matthew
2011-01-01
These proceedings consist of a brief overview of the current understanding of collective behavior in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. In particular, recent progress in understanding the implications of event-by-event fluctuations have solved important puzzles in existing data -- the "ridge" and "shoulder" phenomena of long-range two-particle correlations -- and have created an exciting opportunity to tightly constrain theoretical models with many new observables.
Robust Detection and Tracking of Long-range Target in a Compound Framework
Kang Sun; Xinwei Li
2013-01-01
In this paper, we propose a compound framework that combines detection and tracking for long-range target tracking. Heavily modified Ferns with FAST-9 is firstly designed for target detection and initialization for tracker. During tracking phase, detector hands over tracking task to a new learning-based tracker called Tracking with Multi-resolution Prior (TMRP) that we present. The main advantage of our TMRP algorithm is the employment of offline training stage to remove most computational co...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Full text: Since 1995 sector of Neutron Activation Analysis and Applied Research of JINR contributes to the UNECE International Cooperative Program - Atmospheric Heavy Metal Deposition in Europe : estimations based on moss analysis. The data from these surveys allow both spatial and temporal trends in trace metal deposition to be examined and the areas where deposition of heavy metals from long-range trans-boundary air pollution is high to be identified
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This eighth volume of the series of Air Pollution Studies, published under the auspices of the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, contains the documents reviewed and approved for publication at the ninth session of the Executive Body held at Geneva from 18 to 22 November 1991. Part one is the Annual Review of Strategies and Policies for Air Pollution Abatement. Part two describes the critical load concept and the role of the best available technology and other approaches in air pollution abatement strategies. The report analyses the aim, elements and examples of the use of the receptor-oriented or effect-based critical load approach. It also evaluates the role of the source-oriented or technology-based approach as a supplement, rather than an alternative, to the critical load approach. The report contains a table with examples of national target loads for acidity or sulphur as well as preliminary European maps of critical loads of actual acidity, sulphur, present load computation of sulphur and the exceedance of the critical load of sulphur. Part three is an executive summary of the 1990 Forest Damage Survey in Europe, carried out under the International Co-operative Programme for Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests. Part four is an executive summary of the interim report on cause/effect relationships in forest decline. Part five reviews recent research results on effects of acid deposition on atmospheric corrosion of materials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
There are several incidents from the leakage of the pipes which are in the category of a safety class as well as a non-safety class in nuclear power plants. However, in many cases, because of their geometrical complexity and inaccessibility, it is difficult to inspect them by the conventional ultrasonic method. A long-range guided ultrasonic inspection, thus, is an option to inspect them during an outage period. The magnetostrictive transducer technique has several advantages for practical applications, for such as a 100-percent volumetric coverage of a long segment of a structure, the inspection time and its cost effective, with a relatively simple and easy transducer structure. This study investigated the applicability of a long-rang guided ultrasonic method for the detection of artificial notches even in the presence of various foreign objects. Both the torsional (T(0,1) mode) and the longitudinal (L(0,1) mode) guided ultrasonic waves were effective for the long-range inspection of the tubes. It showed that it had a good detectability for the notch in the tubes, even though several obstacles are attached in front of the notch.
Seasonal Movement Patterns and Long-Range Dispersal of Asian Citrus Psyllid in Florida Citrus.
Lewis-Rosenblum, Hannah; Martini, Xavier; Tiwari, Siddharth; Stelinski, Lukasz L
2015-02-01
The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, is the vector of the bacterial pathogen, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, which is the causal agent of huanglongbing (HLB) in the United States. Both short-range and long-range dispersal of D. citri adults affect the spread of HLB; however, little is known about the long-range dispersal capabilities of D. citri in the field or the seasonality of flight behavior. In the present study, an in situ protein marking technique was used to determine the dispersal of D. citri by trapping marked adults under natural field conditions. D. citri movement from abandoned citrus groves to adjacent managed citrus groves was greatest during the spring and summer months and decreased significantly during the colder months (September-March). D. citri were able to traverse potential geographic barriers such as roads and fallow fields. In an experiment conducted to determine long-range dispersal capacity in the absence of severe weather events, D. citri were able to disperse at least 2 km within 12 d. Wind direction was not correlated with the number of marked psyllids captured, indicating substantial flight capability by D. citri. Finally, the number of marked psyllids captured increased with the density of emerging young leaves on surrounding trees. The results confirm that abandoned citrus groves in Florida serve as reservoirs for D. citri, which can disperse across long distances despite geographical barriers. PMID:26470097
Long-range spin-triplet proximity effect in Josephson junctions with multilayered ferromagnets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study theoretically the Josephson effect and pairing correlations in planar SF1F2S junctions that consist of conventional superconductors (S) connected through two metallic monodomain ferromagnets (F1 and F2) with transparent interfaces. We solve self-consistently the Eilenberger equations for arbitrary orientation of in-plane magnetizations in the clean limit and for moderate disorder in ferromagnets. Both singlet and triplet pair amplitudes and the Josephson current-phase relations are calculated numerically. It is shown that for equally thick ferromagnetic layers (symmetric junctions) the long-range spin-triplet correlations are not dominant: For thin ferromagnetic layers all amplitudes are equally large, while for thick layers the long range triplet amplitude is very small. It is shown that for noncollinear magnetizations the long-range proximity effect can be dominant in highly non-symmetric SF1F2S junctions with particularly thin F1 and thick F2 ferromagnetic layers. We find that dominant triplet correlations in Josephson junctions with ferromagnetic bilayer always give dominant second harmonics in current-phase relations at low temperatures.
Long-range Rydberg molecules, Rydberg macrodimers and Rydberg aggregates in an ultracold Cs gas
Saßmannshausen, Heiner; Merkt, Frédéric
2016-01-01
We present an overview of our recent investigations of long-range interactions in an ultracold Cs Rydberg gas. These interactions are studied by high-resolution photoassociation spectroscopy, using excitation close to one-photon transitions into $n$p$_{3/2}$ Rydberg states with pulsed and continuous-wave ultraviolet laser radiation, and lead to the formation of long-range Cs$_2$ molecules. We observe two types of molecular resonances. The first type originates from the correlated excitation of two atoms into Rydberg-atom-pair states interacting at long range via multipole-multipole interactions. The second type results from the interaction of one atom excited to a Rydberg state with one atom in the electronic ground state. Which type of resonances is observed in the experiments depends on the laser intensity and frequency and on the pulse sequences used to prepare the Rydberg states. We obtain insights into both types of molecular resonances by modelling the interaction potentials, using a multipole expansion...
Effect of simple solutes on the long range dipolar correlations in liquid water.
Baul, Upayan; Kanth, J Maruthi Pradeep; Anishetty, Ramesh; Vemparala, Satyavani
2016-03-14
Intermolecular correlations in liquid water at ambient conditions have generally been characterized through short range density fluctuations described through the atomic pair distribution functions. Recent numerical and experimental results have suggested that such a description of order or structure in liquid water is incomplete and there exist considerably longer ranged orientational correlations in water that can be studied through dipolar correlations. In this study, using large scale classical, atomistic molecular dynamics simulations using TIP4P-Ew and TIP3P models of water, we show that salts such as sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), caesium chloride (CsCl), and magnesium chloride (MgCl2) have a long range effect on the dipolar correlations, which cannot be explained by the notion of structure making and breaking by dissolved ions. Observed effects are explained through orientational stratification of water molecules around ions and their long range coupling to the global hydrogen bond network by virtue of the sum rule for water. The observations for single hydrophilic solutes are contrasted with the same for a single methane (CH4) molecule. We observe that even a single small hydrophobe can result in enhancement of long range orientational correlations in liquid water, contrary to the case of dissolved ions, which have been observed to have a reducing effect. The observations from this study are discussed in the context of hydrophobic effect. PMID:26979692
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nonclassical stochastic continuum models incorporating long-range spatial dependence are evaluated as models for fractured crystalline rock. Open fractures and fracture zones are not modeled explicitly in this approach. The fracture zones and intact rock are modeled as a single stochastic continuum. The large contrasts between the fracture zones and unfractured rock are accounted for by making use of random field models specifically designed for highly variable systems. Hydraulic conductivity data derived from packer tests in the vicinity of the Aespoe Hard Rock Laboratory form the basis for the evaluation. The Aespoe log K data were found to be consistent with a fractal scaling model based on bounded fractional Levy motion (bfLm), a model that has been used previously to model highly variable sedimentary formations. However, the data are not sufficient to choose between this model, a fractional Brownian motion model for the normal-score transform of log K, and a conventional geostatistical model. Stochastic simulations conditioned by the Aespoe data coupled with flow and tracer transport calculations demonstrate that the models with long-range dependence predict earlier arrival times for contaminants. This demonstrates the need to evaluate this class of models when assessing the performance of proposed waste repositories. The relationship between intermediate-scale and large-scale transport properties in media with long-range dependence is also addressed. A new Monte Carlo method for stochastic upscaling of intermediate-scale field data is proposed
Long-range energy transport in single supramolecular nanofibres at room temperature
Haedler, Andreas T.; Kreger, Klaus; Issac, Abey; Wittmann, Bernd; Kivala, Milan; Hammer, Natalie; Köhler, Jürgen; Schmidt, Hans-Werner; Hildner, Richard
2015-07-01
Efficient transport of excitation energy over long distances is a key process in light-harvesting systems, as well as in molecular electronics. However, in synthetic disordered organic materials, the exciton diffusion length is typically only around 10 nanometres (refs 4, 5), or about 50 nanometres in exceptional cases, a distance that is largely determined by the probability laws of incoherent exciton hopping. Only for highly ordered organic systems has the transport of excitation energy over macroscopic distances been reported--for example, for triplet excitons in anthracene single crystals at room temperature, as well as along single polydiacetylene chains embedded in their monomer crystalline matrix at cryogenic temperatures (at 10 kelvin, or -263 degrees Celsius). For supramolecular nanostructures, uniaxial long-range transport has not been demonstrated at room temperature. Here we show that individual self-assembled nanofibres with molecular-scale diameter efficiently transport singlet excitons at ambient conditions over more than four micrometres, a distance that is limited only by the fibre length. Our data suggest that this remarkable long-range transport is predominantly coherent. Such coherent long-range transport is achieved by one-dimensional self-assembly of supramolecular building blocks, based on carbonyl-bridged triarylamines, into well defined H-type aggregates (in which individual monomers are aligned cofacially) with substantial electronic interactions. These findings may facilitate the development of organic nanophotonic devices and quantum information technology.
de Torres, Juan; Ferrand, Patrick; Colas des Francs, Gérard; Wenger, Jérôme
2016-04-26
The development of quantum plasmonic circuitry requires efficient coupling between quantum emitters and plasmonic waveguides. A major experimental challenge is to simultaneously maximize the surface plasmon propagation length, the coupling efficiency into the plasmonic mode, and the Purcell factor. Addressing this challenge is also the key to enabling long-range energy transfer between quantum nanoemitters. Here, we use a dual-beam scanning confocal microscope to carefully investigate the interactions between fluorescent nanoparticles and surface plasmons on single-crystalline silver nanowires. By exciting the fluorescent nanoparticles via nanowire surface plasmons, we maximize the light-matter interactions and reach coupling efficiencies up to 44% together with 24× lifetime reduction and 4.1 μm propagation lengths. This improved optical performance enables the demonstration of long-range plasmon-mediated fluorescence energy transfer between two nanoparticles separated by micrometer distance. Our results provide guidelines toward practical realizations of efficient long-range fluorescence energy transfer for integrated plasmonics and quantum nano-optics. PMID:27019008
Long-range interacting many-body systems with alkaline-earth-metal atoms
Olmos, B; Singh, Y; Schreck, F; Bongs, K; Lesanovsky, I
2012-01-01
Alkaline-earth-metal atoms exhibit long-range dipolar interactions, which are generated via the coherent exchange of photons on the 3P_0-3D_1-transition of the triplet manifold. In case of bosonic strontium, which we discuss here, this transition has a wavelength of 2.7 \\mu m and a dipole moment of 2.46 Debye, and there exists a magic wavelength permitting the creation of optical lattices that are identical for the states 3P_0 and 3D_1. This interaction enables the realization and study of mixtures of hard-core lattice bosons featuring long-range hopping, with tuneable disorder and anisotropy. We derive the many-body Master equation, investigate the dynamics of excitation transport and analyze spectroscopic signatures stemming from coherent long-range interactions and collective dissipation. Our results show that lattice gases of alkaline-earth-metal atoms permit the creation of long-lived collective atomic states and constitute a simple and versatile platform for the exploration of many-body systems with lon...
The one-dimensional XXZ model with long-range interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The one-dimensional XXZ model (s=((1)/(2)), N sites) with uniform long-range interactions among the transverse components of the spins is considered. The Hamiltonian of the model is explicitly given. The model is exactly solved by applying the Jordan-Wigner fermionization, followed by a Gaussian transformation. In the absence of the long-range interactions (I=0), the model, which reduces to the isotropic XY model, is known to exhibit a second-order quantum-phase transition driven by the field at zero temperature. It is shown that in the presence of the long-range interactions (I≠0) the nature of the transition is strongly affected. For I>0, which favours the ordering of the transverse components of the spins, the transition is changed from second to first order, due to the competition between transverse and xy couplings. On the other hand, for I>0, which induces complete frustration of the spins, a second-order transition is still present, although the system is driven out of its usual universality class, and its critical exponents assume typical mean-field values
Moore, Stan G; Crozier, Paul S
2014-06-21
Several extensions and improvements have been made to the multilevel summation method (MSM) of computing long-range electrostatic interactions. These include pressure calculation, an improved error estimator, faster direct part calculation, extension to non-orthogonal (triclinic) systems, and parallelization using the domain decomposition method. MSM also allows fully non-periodic long-range electrostatics calculations which are not possible using traditional Ewald-based methods. In spite of these significant improvements to the MSM algorithm, the particle-particle particle-mesh (PPPM) method was still found to be faster for the periodic systems we tested on a single processor. However, the fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) that PPPM relies on represent a major scaling bottleneck for the method when running on many cores (because the many-to-many communication pattern of the FFT becomes expensive) and MSM scales better than PPPM when using a large core count for two test problems on Sandia's Redsky machine. This FFT bottleneck can be reduced by running PPPM on only a subset of the total processors. MSM is most competitive for relatively low accuracy calculations. On Sandia's Chama machine, however, PPPM is found to scale better than MSM for all core counts that we tested. These results suggest that PPPM is usually more efficient than MSM for typical problems running on current high performance computers. However, further improvements to MSM algorithm could increase its competitiveness for calculation of long-range electrostatic interactions. PMID:24952528
Singular dynamics and emergence of nonlocality in long-range quantum models
Lepori, L; Vodola, D
2016-01-01
We discuss how nonlocality originates in long-range quantum systems and how it affects their dynamics at and out of the equilibrium. We focus in particular on the Kitaev chains with long-range pairings and on the quantum Ising chain with long-range antiferromagnetic coupling (both having a power-law decay with exponent \\alpha). By studying the dynamic correlation functions, we find that for every finite \\alpha two different behaviours can be identified, one typical of short-range systems and the other connected with locality violation. The latter behaviour is shown related also with the known power-law decay tails previously observed in the static correlation functions, and originated by modes, having in general energies far from the minima of the spectrum, where particular singularities develop as a consequence of the long-rangedness of the system. We refer to these modes as to "singular" modes, and as to "singular dynamics" to their dynamics. For the Kitaev model they are manifest, at finite \\alpha, in deri...
Thermodynamics with long-range interactions: from Ising models to black holes.
Oppenheim, Jonathan
2003-07-01
Methods are presented which enables one to analyze the thermodynamics of systems with long-range interactions. Generically, such systems have entropies which are nonextensive (do not scale with the size of the system). We show how to calculate the degree of nonextensivity for such a system. We find that a system interacting with a heat reservoir is in a probability distribution of canonical ensembles. The system still possesses a parameter akin to a global temperature, which is constant throughout the substance. There is also a useful quantity which acts like a local temperatures and it varies throughout the substance. These quantities are closely related to counterparts found in general relativity. A lattice model with long-range spin-spin coupling is studied. This is compared with systems such as those encountered in general relativity and gravitating systems with Newtonian-type interactions. A long-range lattice model is presented which can be seen as a black hole analog. One finds that the analog's temperature and entropy have many properties which are found in black holes. Finally, the entropy scaling behavior of a gravitating perfect fluid of constant density is calculated. For weak interactions, the entropy scales like the volume of the system. As the interactions become stronger, the entropy becomes higher near the surface of the system, and becomes more area scaling. PMID:12935201
Critical adsorption of polymers in a medium with long-range correlated quenched disorder
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The process of adsorption on a planar wall of long flexible polymer chains in a medium with quenched long-range correlated disorder is investigated. We focus on the case of correlations between defects or impurities that decay according to the power law x-a for large distances x, where x=(r,z). A field theoretical approach in d=4-ε and directly in d=3 dimensions up to one-loop order for the semi-infinite |φ|4 m-vector model (in the limit m→0) with a planar boundary is used. The whole set of surface critical exponents at the adsorption threshold T=Ta, which separates the nonadsorbed region from the adsorbed one, is obtained. Moreover, we calculate the crossover critical exponent Φ and the set of exponents associated with it. We perform calculations in a double ε=4-d and δ=4-a expansion and also for a fixed dimension d=3, up to one-loop order for different values of the correlation parameter 2< a≤3. The obtained results indicate that for systems with long-range correlated quenched disorder a different set of surface critical exponents arises. All the surface critical exponents depend on a. Hence, the presence of long-range correlated disorder influences the process of adsorption of long flexible polymer chains on a wall in a significant way
Long-range cross-correlation between urban impervious surfaces and land surface temperatures
Nie, Qin; Xu, Jianhua; Man, Wang
2016-03-01
The thermal effect of urban impervious surfaces (UIS) is a complex problem. It is thus necessary to study the relationship between UIS and land surface temperatures (LST) using complexity science theory and methods. This paper investigates the long-range cross-correlation between UIS and LST with detrended cross-correlation analysis and multifractal detrended cross-correlation analysis, utilizing data from downtown Shanghai, China. UIS estimates were obtained from linear spectral mixture analysis, and LST was retrieved through application of the mono-window algorithm, using Landsat Thematic Mapper and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus data for 1997-2010. These results highlight a positive long-range cross-correlation between UIS and LST across People's Square in Shanghai. LST has a long memory for a certain spatial range of UIS values, such that a large increment in UIS is likely to be followed by a large increment in LST. While the multifractal long-range cross-correlation between UIS and LST was observed over a longer time period in the W-E direction (2002-2010) than in the N-S (2007-2010), these observed correlations show a weakening during the study period as urbanization increased.
Long-range spin-triplet proximity effect in Josephson junctions with multilayered ferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Trifunovic, Luka [Department of Physics, University of Belgrade (RS); Department of Physics, University of Basel (Switzerland); Radovic, Zoran [Department of Physics, University of Belgrade (RS)
2011-07-01
We study theoretically the Josephson effect and pairing correlations in planar SF{sub 1}F{sub 2}S junctions that consist of conventional superconductors (S) connected through two metallic monodomain ferromagnets (F{sub 1} and F{sub 2}) with transparent interfaces. We solve self-consistently the Eilenberger equations for arbitrary orientation of in-plane magnetizations in the clean limit and for moderate disorder in ferromagnets. Both singlet and triplet pair amplitudes and the Josephson current-phase relations are calculated numerically. It is shown that for equally thick ferromagnetic layers (symmetric junctions) the long-range spin-triplet correlations are not dominant: For thin ferromagnetic layers all amplitudes are equally large, while for thick layers the long range triplet amplitude is very small. It is shown that for noncollinear magnetizations the long-range proximity effect can be dominant in highly non-symmetric SF{sub 1}F{sub 2}S junctions with particularly thin F{sub 1} and thick F{sub 2} ferromagnetic layers. We find that dominant triplet correlations in Josephson junctions with ferromagnetic bilayer always give dominant second harmonics in current-phase relations at low temperatures.
Long-range correlations in rectal temperature fluctuations of healthy infants during maturation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Georgette Stern
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Control of breathing, heart rate, and body temperature are interdependent in infants, where instabilities in thermoregulation can contribute to apneas or even life-threatening events. Identifying abnormalities in thermoregulation is particularly important in the first 6 months of life, where autonomic regulation undergoes critical development. Fluctuations in body temperature have been shown to be sensitive to maturational stage as well as system failure in critically ill patients. We thus aimed to investigate the existence of fractal-like long-range correlations, indicative of temperature control, in night time rectal temperature (T(rec patterns in maturing infants. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We measured T(rec fluctuations in infants every 4 weeks from 4 to 20 weeks of age and before and after immunization. Long-range correlations in the temperature series were quantified by the correlation exponent, alpha using detrended fluctuation analysis. The effects of maturation, room temperature, and immunization on the strength of correlation were investigated. We found that T(rec fluctuations exhibit fractal long-range correlations with a mean (SD alpha of 1.51 (0.11, indicating that T(rec is regulated in a highly correlated and hence deterministic manner. A significant increase in alpha with age from 1.42 (0.07 at 4 weeks to 1.58 (0.04 at 20 weeks reflects a change in long-range correlation behavior with maturation towards a smoother and more deterministic temperature regulation, potentially due to the decrease in surface area to body weight ratio in the maturing infant. alpha was not associated with mean room temperature or influenced by immunization CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the quantification of long-range correlations using alpha derived from detrended fluctuation analysis is an observer-independent tool which can distinguish developmental stages of night time T(rec pattern in young infants, reflective of maturation of
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This thirteenth volume of the series of Air Pollution Studies, published under the auspices of the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, contains the documents reviewed and approved for publication at the fourteenth session of the Executive Body held in Geneva from 25 to 28 November 1996. Part One is an executive summary of the 1995 Report on the Forest Condition in Europe. The report documents the forest condition in Europe based on the results of the transnational and national surveys, conducted annually within the International Cooperative Programme on the Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and by the European Community. Part Two is a progress report of the International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems. The report presents calibration results from three dynamic models (MAGIC, SAFE, SMART) with data from five selected sites. It also summarizes the main conclusions of the assessment of the effects of nitrogen deposition on sites, of the testing of the EDACS deposition model (Estimation of Deposition of Acidifying Components on a small scale in Europe) and of the evaluation of the effects of nitrogen and sulphur deposition on vegetation.Part Three is a report describing the use of the artificial neural network (ANN) approach for analysing vast data sets generated by the International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution and other Stresses on Crops and Non-wood Plants regarding the effects of ozone pollution on sensitive crop and non-wood species. Part Four is a summary report on the effects of surface water acidification on aquatic fauna, including dose/response relationships and long-term trends. Part Five presents the modelling results of European sulphur and nitrogen, emissions, depositions and export/import budgets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This eleventh volume of the series of Air Pollution Studies, published under the auspices of the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, contains the documents reviewed and approved for publication at the twelfth session of the Executive Body held at Geneva from 28 November to 1 December 1994. Part one focuses on the possible impact of acid deposition on the quality of groundwater in the ECE region. The objective of this report is to present an updated review of available knowledge on the possible impact of deposition of sulphur and nitrogen compounds on the status of groundwater, including a brief survey of recent research results in this field. It updates an earlier report on the effects of air pollutants on groundwater, prepared within the Convention (EB.AIR/WG.1/R.9). Part two is an executive summary of the 1993 Report on the Forest Condition in Europe (Forest Condition in Europe. Results of the 1993 Survey. 1994 Report, EC-UN/ECE, Brussels, Geneva, 1994). The report describes the results of both the national and the transnational surveys which are conducted annually within the International Cooperative Programme on the Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and under European Community Council Regulation (EEC) 3528/86 on the protection of the Community's Forests against Atmospheric Pollution. Part three is a summary report on the options for further reduction of nitrogen oxide emissions from road heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). This report is primarily focused on reduction options for road HDVs, but some of the technical measures reviewed can, however, also be applied to some non-road diesel engines, such as machinery in construction, agriculture or forestry
An evaluation of dry deposition from the long range atmospheric dispersion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The dry deposition of pollutants released into the atmosphere must be evaluated to estimate the radiological dose of terrestrial plants and foodstuffs in the ecosystem. Especially, the atmospheric dispersion and dry deposition models have been widely developed to predict and minimize the radiological damage for the surrounding environment after the TMI-2 and the Chernobyl accidents. A Lagrangian particle model for the evaluation the long-range dispersion has been firstly developed in Korea since 2001. The particle tracking method was used for the estimation of the concentration distribution of the radioactive materials released into the atmosphere. The model is designed to estimate air concentration and ground deposition at distances up to some thousands of kilometers from the source point in the horizontal direction. The turbulent motion is considered to separate the treatment of particles within the mixing layer and above the mixing layer. Also, the dispersion model is designed to receive the results of the MM5 model being operated by KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration). The test run of the long-range dispersion model has been performed in the area which covered extends from 102.47deg E to 173.34deg E and from 12.27deg N to 53.72deg N in Northeast Asia. The release point of Cs-137 assumed in the east part of the China. The long range dispersion model has been firstly developed to estimate the radiological consequences against a nuclear accident. The model will be supplemented by the comparative study using the data of the ETEX experiments. (author)
Pilot system on extreme climate monitoring and early warning for long range forecast in Korea
Cho, K.; Park, B. K.; E-hyung, P.; Gong, Y.; Kim, H. K.; Park, S.; Min, S. K.; Yoo, H. D.
2015-12-01
Recently, extreme weather/climate events such as heat waves, flooding/droughts etc. have been increasing in frequency and intensity under climate change over the world. Also, they can have substantial impacts on ecosystem and human society (agriculture, health, and economy) of the affected regions. According to future projections of climate, extreme weather and climate events in Korea are expected to occure more frequently with stronger intensity over the 21st century. For the better long range forecast, it is also fundamentally ruquired to develop a supporting system in terms of extreme weather and climate events including forequency and trend. In this context, the KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration) has recently initiated a development of the extreme climate monintoring and early warning system for long range forecast, which consists of three sub-system components; (1) Real-time climate monitoring system, (2) Ensemble prediction system, and (3) Mechanism analysis and display system for climate extremes. As a first step, a pilot system has been designed focusing on temperature extremes such heat waves and cold snaps using daily, monthly and seasonal observations and model prediction output on the global, regional and national levels. In parallel, the skills of the KMA long range prediction system are being evaluated comprehensively for weather and climate extremes, for which varous case studies are conducted to better understand the observed variations of extrem climates and responsible mechanisms and also to assess predictability of the ensemble prediction system for extremes. Details in the KMA extreme climate monitoring and early warning system will be intorduced and some preliminary results will be discussed for heat/cold waves in Korea.
Long-range synchrony in the gamma band: role in music perception.
Bhattacharya, J; Petsche, H; Pereda, E
2001-08-15
Synchronization seems to be a central mechanism for neuronal information processing within and between multiple brain areas. Furthermore, synchronization in the gamma band has been shown to play an important role in higher cognitive functions, especially by binding the necessary spatial and temporal information in different cortical areas to build a coherent perception. Specific task-induced (evoked) gamma oscillations have often been taken as an indication of synchrony, but the presence of long-range synchrony cannot be inferred from spectral power in the gamma range. We studied the usefulness of a relatively new measure, called similarity index to detect asymmetric interdependency between two brain regions. Spontaneous EEG from two groups-musicians and non-musicians-were recorded during several states: listening to music, listening to text, and at rest (eyes closed and eyes open). While listening to music, degrees of the gamma band synchrony over distributed cortical areas were found to be significantly higher in musicians than non-musicians. Yet no differences between these two groups were found at resting conditions and while listening to a neutral text. In contrast to the degree of long-range synchrony, spectral power in the gamma band was higher in non-musicians. The degree of spatial synchrony, a measure of signal complexity based on eigen-decomposition method, was also significantly increased in musicians while listening to music. As compared with non-musicians, the finding of increased long-range synchrony in musicians independent of spectral power is interpreted as a manifestation of a more advanced musical memory of musicians in binding together several features of the intrinsic complexity of music in a dynamical way. PMID:11487656
Long-range correlation properties of coding and noncoding DNA sequences: GenBank analysis
Buldyrev, S. V.; Goldberger, A. L.; Havlin, S.; Mantegna, R. N.; Matsa, M. E.; Peng, C. K.; Simons, M.; Stanley, H. E.
1995-01-01
An open question in computational molecular biology is whether long-range correlations are present in both coding and noncoding DNA or only in the latter. To answer this question, we consider all 33301 coding and all 29453 noncoding eukaryotic sequences--each of length larger than 512 base pairs (bp)--in the present release of the GenBank to dtermine whether there is any statistically significant distinction in their long-range correlation properties. Standard fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis indicates that coding sequences have practically no correlations in the range from 10 bp to 100 bp (spectral exponent beta=0.00 +/- 0.04, where the uncertainty is two standard deviations). In contrast, for noncoding sequences, the average value of the spectral exponent beta is positive (0.16 +/- 0.05) which unambiguously shows the presence of long-range correlations. We also separately analyze the 874 coding and the 1157 noncoding sequences that have more than 4096 bp and find a larger region of power-law behavior. We calculate the probability that these two data sets (coding and noncoding) were drawn from the same distribution and we find that it is less than 10(-10). We obtain independent confirmation of these findings using the method of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), which is designed to treat sequences with statistical heterogeneity, such as DNA's known mosaic structure ("patchiness") arising from the nonstationarity of nucleotide concentration. The near-perfect agreement between the two independent analysis methods, FFT and DFA, increases the confidence in the reliability of our conclusion.
High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Long-Range Molecular States of 85Rb_2
Carollo, Ryan; Eyler, Edward E.; Bruneau, Yoann; Gould, Phillip; Stwalley, W. C.
2015-06-01
We present analysis of low-n long-range molecular Rydberg states in 85Rb_2, based on high-resolution spectra. The weakly bound states are accessed by bound-bound transitions from high-v levels of the a ^3 σ _u^+ state, which are prepared by photoassociation of laser-cooled atoms. Single-photon transitions to target states near the 5s + 7p asymptote are excited by a frequency-doubled pulse-amplified CW laser with a narrow linewidth, under 200 MHz. The long-range portion of the bonding potential is dominated by the elastic scattering interaction of the Rydberg electron of a perturbed 7p atom and a nearby ground-state atom, in much the same manner as trilobite states. We use time of flight to selectively measure molecular ions, which are formed via autoionization. This technique gives a two orders-of-magnitude improvement in linewidth over our previous work, reported in Ref. [1]. We also present calculations of a proposed scheme for STIRAP transfer from the current v''=35 level of the a ^3 σ _u^+ state to the v''=39 level. The long-range states accessible to us are defined in large part by the Franck-Condon factors, which are dominated by the outer lobe of the wavefunction. Thus, choosing a v'' sets R, and determines the Franck-Condon window. The proposed v'' = 39 level has a classical outer turning point at ˜ 72 a_0, and will provide access to higher-n states with longer-range wells. This work is supported by the NSF and AFOSR. [1] M. A. Bellos et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 053001 (2013)
Long-Range Electron Effects upon Irradiation of Molecular Solids and Polymers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Long-range electron effects are responsible for specific localization and selectivity of the radiation-induced chemical transformations occurring in molecular solids and polymers, when the classic diffusion mobility is essentially restricted. In particullar, understanding of the effects of this kind may be of key significance for establishing new ways to control the radiation sensitivity of macromolecules and organized polymeric systems, nanomaterials and biopolymers. This talk will present an overview of model studies of the long-range electron effects with the characteristic scale from several angstroms to ten nanometers. The following aspects of the problem will be analyzed: (1) Positive hole delocalization in ionized molecules. This phenomenon has been demonstrated experimentally and confirmed by quantum chemical calculations for a number of various-type molecules (alkanes, conjugated polyenes, bifunctional compounds). The effective delocalization length was found to be up to 2 nm (or even larger). The role of this effect in site-selective radiation chemistry will be discussed in the frame of concepts of distributed reactivity and 'switching' between delocalized and localized states. (2) Trap-to-trap positive hole and electron migration between isolated molecules or functional groups. The characteristic distance for this process was estimated to be 2 to 4 nm. Special impact will be made on the possible role of this process in selection of specific isomers or conformers upon irradiation of complex systems and macromolecules. (3) The effects of long-range scavenging of low-energy secondary electrons in polymers and organized polymeric systems. As revealed by model experiments, the radius of electron capture in solid polymers may be in the range of 1 to 10 nm. Possible implications of scavenging effects for controlling the radiation chemistry of polymers and organized polymeric systems will be considered
Kristiansen, K.; Stock, P.; Baimpos, T.; Raman, S.; Harada, JK; Israelachvili, JN; Valtiner, M.
2014-01-01
© 2014 American Chemical Society. Strong and particularly long ranged (>100 nm) interaction forces between apposing hydrophobic lipid monolayers are now well understood in terms of a partial turnover of mobile lipid patches, giving rise to a correlated long-range electrostatic attraction. Here we describe similarly strong long-ranged attractive forces between self-assembled monolayers of carboranethiols, with dipole moments aligned either parallel or perpendicular to the surface, and hydropho...
Weak-Field Hall Effect in Graphene with Long-Range Scatterers
Noro, Masaki; Ando, Tsuneya
2016-01-01
The weak-field Hall conductivity is calculated in graphene containing scatterers with long-range potential within a self-consistent Born approximation. In the clean limit, the diagonal conductivity and the Hall conductivity are shown to agree with the Boltzmann results. Explicit numerical calculations are performed for scatterers with a Gaussian potential with the range d, showing that the Hall conductivity as well as the density of states and the diagonal conductivity becomes universal when the energy is scaled by 1/d. For more realistic charged impurities, the singularity appearing in the Hall coefficient near the charge neutrality point is shown to be sensitive to environmental dielectric material.
Long-range nematic order and anomalous fluctuations in suspensions of swimming filamentous bacteria
Nishiguchi, Daiki; Chaté, Hugues; Sano, Masaki
2016-01-01
We study the collective dynamics of long, filamentous, non-tumbling bacteria swimming in a very thin fluid layer. The strong confinement induces nematic alignment upon collision, which, for large enough density of cells, gives rise to global nematic order. We show that this homogeneous but fluctuating phase, observed on the largest experimentally-accessible scale of millimeters, exhibits the same properties as the Vicsek-style model of polar particles with nematic alignment: true long-range nematic order and non-trivial giant number fluctuations
Activity-based life-cycle costing in long-range planning
Edilberto J. Rodríguez Rivero; Jan Emblemsvåg
2007-01-01
Purpose – The aim of the paper is to present and illustrate a new approach for long-range planning. Design/methodology/approach – Building on well-tested frameworks such as activity-based costing (ABC), life-cycle costing (LCC) and Monte Carlo methods as well as earlier case studies, an approach is developed further and tested using a real-life case. Findings – The effectiveness of the approach is confirmed using a process-oriented framework (ABC) and introducing an LCC perspective. Monte Car...
Droplet Minimizers of an Isoperimetric Problem with long-range interactions
Cicalese, Marco
2011-01-01
We give a detailed description of the geometry of single droplet patterns in a nonlocal isoperimetric problem. In particular we focus on the sharp interface limit of the Ohta-Kawasaki free energy for diblock copolymers, regarded as a paradigm for those energies modeling physical systems characterized by a competition between short and a long-range interactions. Exploiting fine properties of the regularity theory for minimal surfaces, we extend previous partial results in different directions and give robust tools for the geometric analysis of more complex patterns.
Discovery of a Long-Range Perlin Effect in a Conformationally Constrained Oxocane.
Berry, Ellen; Gomes, Gabriel Dos Passos; MacLean, Alex; Martin, Justin R; Wiget, Paul A
2016-07-01
Herein, we present the crystal structure, NMR J analysis, and conformational and natural bond order analyses of tricyclic oxocane (1), resulting in the discovery of a long-range Perlin effect at C4 and C5. The normal Perlin effect (NPE) of Δ(1)JC-H = 18.38 Hz at C5 is the largest to date for a nonanomeric methylene due to an unprecedented through-space n → σ* stabilizing interaction. The NPE at C4 where Δ(1)JC-H = 6.91 Hz is nearly double those found in cyclohexanone. PMID:27309414
Long range order and hydrogen bonding in liquid methanol: A Monte Carlo simulation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A Monte Carlo simulation of liquid methanol was performed in NVT ensemble at 298 K using a cubic simulation box containing 500 molecules. Long-range correlations in the liquid are discussed on the basis of site-site radial distribution functions. Hydrogen bonding and topological structure of the methanol aggregates were evaluated in detail, namely the number of linked molecules, formation of branches and cyclic structures. The necessity of larger simulation boxes for a full structural description and thermodynamic characterization of hydrogen-bonded liquids is clearly established by the results. (Copyright (c) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)
Using geometry to manipulate long-range correlation of light inside disordered media
Sarma, Raktim; Neupane, Pauf; Cao, Hui
2015-01-01
We demonstrate experimentally that long-range intensity correlation for light propagating inside random photonic waveguides can be modified by changing the shape of the waveguide. The functional form of spatial correlation is no longer universal in the regime of diffusive transport and becomes shape-dependent due to the non-local nature of wave propagation. The spatial dependence of the correlation may be asymmetric for light incident from opposite ends of the waveguide. This work opens the door to control non-local effects in mesoscopic transport of waves by manipulating the geometry of random systems.
Heteronuclear long-range correlation, what’s new and how far can it take us?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sørensen, Ole W.
: A novel experiment for small-molecule and biomolecular NMR at natural isotopic abundance. Sebastian Meier, Andrew J. Benie, Jens Ø. Duus and Ole W. Sørensen, Journal of Magnetic Resonance, in press, doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2009.06.017 Recent progress in heteronuclear long-range NMR of complex...... carbohydrates: 3D H2BC and clean HMBC. Sebastian Meier, Bent O. Petersen, Jens Ø. Duus, Ole W. Sørensen. Carbohydrate Research, in press, doi:10.1016/j.carres.2009.08.013...
Indirect detection of nuclear magnetic resonance via geometrically induced long-range dipolar fields
Meriles, C. A.; Dong, Wei
2006-08-01
We report the indirect detection of the magnetization of one spin species via the NMR signal of a second species. Our method relies on the control of long-range dipolar fields between two separate objects, in this case, a water droplet (sensor) immersed in a tube containing mineral oil (sample). Unlike prior experiments, no gradient pulses are used; rather, the setup geometry is exploited to select the part of the sample to be probed and modulate the spin alignment in the sensor. Our results are discussed in the context of Dipolar Field Microscopy, a proposed strategy in which the detector is a hyperpolarized tip.
Long range anticorrelations and non-gaussian behavior of a leaky faucet
Penna, T J P; Sartorelli, J C; Gonçalves, W M; Pinto, R D
1995-01-01
We find that intervals between successive drops from a leaky faucet display scale-invariant, long-range anticorrelations characterized by the same exponents of heart beat-to-beat intervals of healthy subjects. This behavior is also confirmed by numerical simulations on lattice and it is faucet-width- and flow-rate-independent. The histogram for the drop intervals is also well described by a L\\'evy distribution with the same index for both histograms of healthy and diseased subjects. This additional result corroborates the evidence for similarities between leaky faucets and healthy hearts underlying dynamics.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ndukaife, Justus C.; Kildishev, Alexander V.; Nnanna, Agbai George Agwu; Shalaev, Vladimir M.; Wereley, Steven T.; Boltasseva, Alexandra
2016-01-01
Plasmon-enhanced optical trapping is being actively studied to provide efficient manipulation of nanometre-sized objects. However, a long-standing issue with previously proposed solutions is how to controllably load the trap on-demand without relying on Brownian diffusion. Here, we show that the...... enables on-demand long-range and rapid delivery of single nano-objects to specific plasmonic nanoantennas, where they can be trapped and even locked in place. We also present a physical model that elucidates the role of both heat-induced fluidic motion and plasmonic field enhancement in the plasmon...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
ATMES was organized in 1989 by CEC, WMO and IAEA with the main purpose of reviewing and calibrating long range atmospheric dispersion models, to identify the more successful approaches. This document provides some findings of the study which employed 21 models from various institutions of 14 countries. They had to produce the model results without knowing in advance the measurements to which their results had to be compared. Many out of the participating models were able to predict the arrival times at the two selected sites using the analysed windfields within a few hours
Short-range interaction vs long-range correlation in bird flocks
Cavagna, Andrea; Dey, Supravat; Giardina, Irene; Melillo, Stefania; Parisi, Leonardo; Viale, Massimiliano
2014-01-01
We use the maximum entropy method to study how the strength of effective alignment between birds depends on distance. We find in all analyzed flocks that the interaction decays exponentially. Such short-range form is noteworthy, considering that the velocity correlation that is input of the calculation is long-ranged. We use our method to study the directional anisotropy in the alignment interaction and find that the interaction strength along the direction of motion is weaker than in the transverse direction, which may account for the anisotropic spatial distribution of birds observed in natural flocks.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heo, Won Nyoung; Lim, Hyung Taik; Kim, Tae Gyung [Department of Physics, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Myoung Seon [ANSCO, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
2012-10-15
Like the phase array based ultrasonic system, complicated electronics has been used for real time signal processing in the magnetostrictive long-range ultrasonic testing(LRUT) system. This study shows that the software approach including the phase compensation, noise filtering and waveform transformation takes advantage rather than the previous hardware approach. Furthermore, it is possible for the software approach to be able more flexible and efficient realtime signal processing. These results will contribute to a cost-effective LRUT system and analysis of the inspection data.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a powerful tool for studying the electronic properties at the atomic level, however, it is of relatively small scanning range and the fact that it can only operate on conducting samples prevents its application to study heterogeneous samples consisting of conducting and insulating regions. Here we present a long-range scanning tunneling microscope capable of detecting conducting micro and nanostructures on insulating substrates using a technique based on the capacitance between the tip and the sample and performing STM studies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Molina-Mendoza, Aday J., E-mail: aday.molina@uam.es [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Rodrigo, José G.; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC) and Instituto Universitario de Ciencia de Materiales “Nicolás Cabrera,” Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Island, Joshua; Burzuri, Enrique; Zant, Herre S. J. van der [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, P.O. Box 5046, 2600 GA Delft (Netherlands); Agraït, Nicolás [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC) and Instituto Universitario de Ciencia de Materiales “Nicolás Cabrera,” Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)
2014-02-15
The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is a powerful tool for studying the electronic properties at the atomic level, however, it is of relatively small scanning range and the fact that it can only operate on conducting samples prevents its application to study heterogeneous samples consisting of conducting and insulating regions. Here we present a long-range scanning tunneling microscope capable of detecting conducting micro and nanostructures on insulating substrates using a technique based on the capacitance between the tip and the sample and performing STM studies.
Compact Z-add-drop wavelength filters for long-range surface plasmon polaritons
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Boltasseva, Alexandra; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; Søndergaard, Thomas;
2005-01-01
stripes embedded in polymer. We investigate influence of the grating length and crossing angle on the filter characteristics and demonstrate a 10o-ZAD filter based on 80-mm-long gratings that exhibit a 15-dB dip (centered at ~1.55 mm) in transmission of the direct arm along with the corresponding ~13-nm......We design, fabricate and investigate compact Z-add-drop (ZAD) filters for long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LR-SPPs) at telecom wavelengths. The ZAD filter for LR-SPPs consists of two ridge gratings formed by periodic gold thickness modulation at the intersections of three zigzag-crossed gold...
Long range triplet Josephson current and 0-π transitions in tunable domain walls
Baker, Thomas E.; Richie-Halford, Adam; Bill, Andreas
2014-09-01
The order parameter of superconducting pairs penetrating an inhomogeneous magnetic material can acquire a long range triplet component (LRTC) with non-zero spin projection. This state has been predicted and generated in proximity systems and Josephson junctions. We show, using a realistic domain wall of an exchange spring bilayer, how the LRTC emerges and can be tuned with the twisting of the magnetization. We also introduce a new kind of Josephson current reversal, the singlet-LRTC 0-π transition, that can be observed in one and the same system either by tuning the domain wall or by varying temperature.
Eigenvectors and scalar products for long range interacting spin chains II: the finite size effects
Serban, D
2013-01-01
In this note, we study the eigenvectors and the scalar products the integrable long-range deformation of a XXX spin chain which is solved exactly by algebraic Bethe ansatz, and it coincides in the bulk with the Inozemtsev spin chain. At the closing point it contains a defect which effectively removes the wrapping interactions. Here we concentrate on determining the defect term for the first non-trivial order in perturbation in the deformation parameter and how it affects the Bethe ansatz equations. Our study is motivated by the relation with the dilatation operator of the N = 4 gauge theory in the su(2) sector.
Long-Range Plasmon Assisted Energy Transfer Between Two Fluorescent Emitters
Bouchet, D; Carminati, R; De Wilde, Y; Krachmalnicoff, V
2016-01-01
We demonstrate plasmon assisted energy transfer between two fluorophores located at distances up to $7\\; \\mu$m on the top of a thin silver film. Thanks to the strong confinement and large propagation length of surface plasmon polaritons, the range of the energy transfer is almost two orders of magnitude larger than the values reported in the literature so far. The parameters driving the energy transfer range are thoroughly characterized and are in very good agreement with theoretically expected values. This work shows the potential of plasmonic structures for efficient long-range energy transfer and opens rich perspectives for the study of collective emission phenomena.
Long-Range Ruthenium-Amine Electronic Communication through the para-Oligophenylene Wire
Jun-Jian Shen; Yu-Wu Zhong
2015-01-01
The studies of long-range electronic communication are hampered by solubility and potential-splitting issues. A “hybridized redox-asymmetry” method using a combination of organic and inorganic redox species is proposed and exemplified to overcome these two issues. Complexes 1(PF6)–6(PF6) (from short to long in length) with the organic redox-active amine and inorganic cyclometalated ruthenium termini bridged by the para-oligophenylene wire have been prepared. Complex 6 has the longest Ru-amine...
Mixing and decoherence in continuous-time quantum walks on long-range interacting cycles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Salimi, S; Radgohar, R [Faculty of Science, Department of Physics, University of Kurdistan, Pasdaran Ave., Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: shsalimi@uok.ac.ir, E-mail: r.radgohar@uok.ac.ir
2009-11-27
We study the effect of small decoherence in continuous-time quantum walks on long-range interacting cycles, which are constructed by connecting all the two nodes of distance m on the cycle graph. In our investigation, each node is continuously monitored by an individual point contact, which induces the decoherence process. We obtain the analytical probability distribution and the mixing time upper bound. Our results show that, for small rates of decoherence, the mixing time upper bound is independent of distance parameter m and is proportional to inverse of decoherence rate.
Anomalous effect of turning off long-range mobility interactions in Stokesian Dynamics
Wilson, Adam K Townsend Helen J
2016-01-01
In Stokesian Dynamics, particles are assumed to interact in two ways: through long-range mobility interactions and through short-range lubrication interactions. To speed up computations, in concentrated suspensions it is common to consider only lubrication. We show that, although this approximation provides acceptable results in monodisperse suspensions, in bidisperse suspensions it produces physically unreasonable results - "bunching" - whenever external forces are applied. We suggest that this problem could be mitigated by a careful choice of pairs of particles on which lubrication interactions should be included.
Worldwide status of long range atmospheric transportation models for use in emergency situations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This report contains the results of the work of a working group put together in order to summarize the status of long range atmospheric transportation models for use in an emergency situation in real-time mode. The most important characteristics of the various models are summarized. The models in use in the Nordic countries as well as a couple of non-Nordic models are presented in more detail. A discussion of the desired characteristics of real-time models (also referred to as Emergency Response Assisting Systems) is included
Information content of long-range NMR data for the characterization of conformational heterogeneity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrałojć, Witold [University of Florence, Center for Magnetic Resonance (CERM) (Italy); Berlin, Konstantin; Fushman, David, E-mail: fushman@umd.edu [University of Maryland, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Center for Biomolecular Structure and Organization (United States); Luchinat, Claudio, E-mail: luchinat@cerm.unifi.it; Parigi, Giacomo; Ravera, Enrico [University of Florence, Center for Magnetic Resonance (CERM) (Italy); Sgheri, Luca [CNR, Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo, Sezione di Firenze (Italy)
2015-07-15
Long-range NMR data, namely residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) from external alignment and paramagnetic data, are becoming increasingly popular for the characterization of conformational heterogeneity of multidomain biomacromolecules and protein complexes. The question addressed here is how much information is contained in these averaged data. We have analyzed and compared the information content of conformationally averaged RDCs caused by steric alignment and of both RDCs and pseudocontact shifts caused by paramagnetic alignment, and found that, despite the substantial differences, they contain a similar amount of information. Furthermore, using several synthetic tests we find that both sets of data are equally good towards recovering the major state(s) in conformational distributions.
Molecular dynamics for long-range interacting systems on Graphic Processing Units
Filho, Tarcísio M Rocha
2012-01-01
We present implementations of a fourth-order symplectic integrator on graphic processing units for three $N$-body models with long-range interactions of general interest: the Hamiltonian Mean Field, Ring and two-dimensional self-gravitating models. We discuss the algorithms, speedups and errors using one and two GPU units. Speedups can be as high as 140 compared to a serial code, and the overall relative error in the total energy is of the same order of magnitude as for the CPU code. The number of particles used in the tests range from 10,000 to 50,000,000 depending on the model.
One-dimensional long-range diffusion-limited aggregation III -- The limit aggregate
Amir, Gideon
2009-01-01
In this paper we study the structure of the limit aggregate (the union of all finite-time aggregates) of the one-dimensional long range diffusion limited aggregation process defined in [arXiv:0910.4416] . We show (under some regularity conditions) that for walks with finite third moment the limit aggregate has renewal structure and positive density, while for walks with finite variance the renewal structure no longer exists and the limit aggregate has 0 density. We define a tree structure on the aggregates and show some results on the degrees and number of ends of these random trees.
Babu, K. S.; Mohapatra, Rabindra N.
2016-01-01
We point out that if the baryon number violating neutron-antineutron oscillation is discovered, it would impose strong limits on the departure from Einstein's equivalence principle at a level of one part in $10^{19}$. If this departure owes its origin to the existence of long-range forces coupled to baryon number $B$ (or $B-L$), it would imply very stringent constraints on the strength of gauge bosons coupling to baryon number current. For instance, if the force mediating baryon number has st...
Measurement of Long-Range Interatomic Distances by Solid-State Tritium-NMR Spectroscopy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In summary, we have described a simple, sensitive, and accurate approach for the determination of short- to long-range interatomic distances using standard probe electronics and sample holders and have successfully applied it to model compounds. The measured distance of 14.4±2.2 Angstroms reported here is the highest ever obtained using NMR. To generalize this approach to samples with a larger 3H chemical shift distribution or shorter T1ρ values, modifications of the experimental conditions such as use of higher spinning frequency, sample volume reduction, or design of new pulse sequences would be beneficial. (authors)
ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boxberger, L.M.
1992-03-01
Argonne National Laboratory's ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory's previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory's Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.
ANL site response for the DOE FY1994 information resources management long-range plan
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boxberger, L.M.
1992-03-01
Argonne National Laboratory`s ANL Site Response for the DOE FY1994 Information Resources Management (IRM) Long-Range Plan (ANL/TM 500) is one of many contributions to the DOE information resources management long-range planning process and, as such, is an integral part of the DOE policy and program planning system. The Laboratory has constructed this response according to instructions in a Call issued in September 1991 by the DOE Office of IRM Policy, Plans and Oversight. As one of a continuing series, this Site Response is an update and extension of the Laboratory`s previous submissions. The response contains both narrative and tabular material. It covers an eight-year period consisting of the base year (FY1991), the current year (FY1992), the budget year (FY1993), the plan year (FY1994), and the out years (FY1995-FY1998). This Site Response was compiled by Argonne National Laboratory`s Computing and Telecommunications Division (CTD), which has the responsibility to provide leadership in optimizing computing and information services and disseminating computer-related technologies throughout the Laboratory. The Site Response consists of 5 parts: (1) a site overview, describes the ANL mission, overall organization structure, the strategic approach to meet information resource needs, the planning process, major issues and points of contact. (2) a software plan for DOE contractors, Part 2B, ``Software Plan FMS plan for DOE organizations, (3) computing resources telecommunications, (4) telecommunications, (5) printing and publishing.
Chromosome-scale shotgun assembly using an in vitro method for long-range linkage
Putnam, Nicholas H.; O'Connell, Brendan L.; Stites, Jonathan C.; Rice, Brandon J.; Blanchette, Marco; Calef, Robert; Troll, Christopher J.; Fields, Andrew; Hartley, Paul D.; Sugnet, Charles W.; Haussler, David; Rokhsar, Daniel S.; Green, Richard E.
2016-01-01
Long-range and highly accurate de novo assembly from short-read data is one of the most pressing challenges in genomics. Recently, it has been shown that read pairs generated by proximity ligation of DNA in chromatin of living tissue can address this problem, dramatically increasing the scaffold contiguity of assemblies. Here, we describe a simpler approach (“Chicago”) based on in vitro reconstituted chromatin. We generated two Chicago data sets with human DNA and developed a statistical model and a new software pipeline (“HiRise”) that can identify poor quality joins and produce accurate, long-range sequence scaffolds. We used these to construct a highly accurate de novo assembly and scaffolding of a human genome with scaffold N50 of 20 Mbp. We also demonstrated the utility of Chicago for improving existing assemblies by reassembling and scaffolding the genome of the American alligator. With a single library and one lane of Illumina HiSeq sequencing, we increased the scaffold N50 of the American alligator from 508 kbp to 10 Mbp. PMID:26848124
Long-range asymptotic expansion of the diagonal Born–Oppenheimer correction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Graphical abstract: We derived formulas for coefficients A6, A8, A10 determining long-range asymptotic behavior of the adiabatic correction to the potential energy. The formulas were used to compute the coefficients for hydrogen molecule and helium dimers. Abstract: Formulas for the coefficients A6, A8, and A10 determining the long-range asymptotic behavior Ead(R)∼-A6R-6-A8R-8-A10R-10 of the diagonal Born–Oppenheimer (adiabatic) correction Ead(R) to the potential energy of a diatomic molecule are derived using two standard definitions of Ead(R). The first one is based on the explicit separation of the center-of-mass and rotational coordinates from the total Hamiltonian of a system, while the second definition uses the Born–Handy expression in a laboratory system of coordinates. Expressions for the asymptotic coefficients resulting from both definitions are proved to be equivalent. The obtained formulas are used to compute the asymptotics of the adiabatic correction for the ground state of the hydrogen molecule and for the helium dimer in the lowest quintet and singlet states. In the latter case basis sets up to 8-tuple zeta quality were used to adequately account for the electron correlation effects.
Long-range correction for tight-binding TD-DFT
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Humeniuk, Alexander; Mitrić, Roland, E-mail: roland.mitric@uni-wuerzburg.de [Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Julius-Maximilians Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer-Straße 42, 97074 Würzburg (Germany)
2015-10-07
We present two improvements to the tight-binding approximation of time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFTB): First, we add an exact Hartree-Fock exchange term, which is switched on at large distances, to the ground state Hamiltonian and similarly to the coupling matrix that enters the linear response equations for the calculation of excited electronic states. We show that the excitation energies of charge transfer states are improved relative to the standard approach without the long-range correction by testing the method on a set of molecules from the database in Peach et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 128, 044118 (2008)] which are known to exhibit problematic charge transfer states. The degree of spatial overlap between occupied and virtual orbitals indicates where TD-DFTB and long-range corrected TD-DFTB (lc-TD-DFTB) can be expected to produce large errors. Second, we improve the calculation of oscillator strengths. The transition dipoles are obtained from Slater Koster files for the dipole matrix elements between valence orbitals. In particular, excitations localized on a single atom, which appear dark when using Mulliken transition charges, acquire a more realistic oscillator strength in this way. These extensions pave the way for using lc-TD-DFTB to describe the electronic structure of large chromophoric polymers, where uncorrected TD-DFTB fails to describe the high degree of conjugation and produces spurious low-lying charge transfer states.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jing eHu
2013-10-01
Full Text Available Understanding the causal relation between neural inputs and movements is very important for the success of brain machine interfaces (BMIs. In this study, we analyze 104 neurons’ firings using statistical, information theoretic, and fractal analysis. The latter include Fano factor analysis, multifractal adaptive fractal analysis (MF-AFA, and wavelet multifractal analysis. We find neuronal firings are highly nonstationary, and Fano factor analysis always indicates long-range correlations in neuronal firings, irrespective of whether those firings are correlated with movement trajectory or not, and thus does not reveal any actual correlations between neural inputs and movements. On the other hand, MF-AFA and wavelet multifractal analysis clearly indicate that when neuronal firings are not well correlated with movement trajectory, they do not have or only have weak temporal correlations. When neuronal firings are well correlated with movements, they are characterized by very strong temporal correlations, up to a time scale comparable to the average time between two successive reaching tasks. This suggests that neurons well correlated with hand trajectory experienced a re-setting effect at the start of each reaching task, in the sense that within the movement correlated neurons the spike trains’ long range dependences persisted about the length of time the monkey used to switch between task executions. A new task execution re-sets their activity, making them only weakly correlated with their prior activities on longer time scales. We further discuss the significance of the coalition of those important neurons in executing cortical control of prostheses.
Griffiths phase and long-range correlations in a biologically motivated visual cortex model
Girardi-Schappo, M.; Bortolotto, G. S.; Gonsalves, J. J.; Pinto, L. T.; Tragtenberg, M. H. R.
2016-07-01
Activity in the brain propagates as waves of firing neurons, namely avalanches. These waves’ size and duration distributions have been experimentally shown to display a stable power-law profile, long-range correlations and 1/f b power spectrum in vivo and in vitro. We study an avalanching biologically motivated model of mammals visual cortex and find an extended critical-like region – a Griffiths phase – characterized by divergent susceptibility and zero order parameter. This phase lies close to the expected experimental value of the excitatory postsynaptic potential in the cortex suggesting that critical be-havior may be found in the visual system. Avalanches are not perfectly power-law distributed, but it is possible to collapse the distributions and define a cutoff avalanche size that diverges as the network size is increased inside the critical region. The avalanches present long-range correlations and 1/f b power spectrum, matching experiments. The phase transition is analytically determined by a mean-field approximation.
Quasi-phase matching for efficient long-range plasmonic third-harmonic generation via graphene.
Nasari, Hadiseh; Abrishamian, Mohammad Sadegh
2015-12-01
We propose and numerically investigate an efficient method for long-range third-harmonic generation (THG) of propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) waves on graphene sheets for nonlinear plasmonic purposes in the terahertz (THZ) gap region of the electromagnetic spectrum via a developed nonlinear finite-difference time-domain technique. We reveal that although extended and unmodulated graphene sheets with low Fermi levels can offer high-conversion efficiency (CE) for SPP THG at short distances, suitable for miniaturized plasmonic circuits, they suffer from inherent absorption loss induced by graphene that noticeably reduces the CE of the THG at long ranges. We suggest a structure benefiting from low Fermi-level graphene regions of strong nonlinear response as oscillators and high Fermi-level ones of low loss as a propagating medium in a periodic manner, which satisfies the quasi-phase matching condition and shows considerable efficiency improvement at long propagation distances. We predict that such a configuration can find valuable potential applications in the realm of nonlinear THz plasmonics for generating new frequencies and also in spectroscopy, signal processing, and so on. PMID:26625038
Wang, Lirong; Ma, Jie; Ji, Weibang; Wang, Guiping; Xiao, Liantuan; Jia, Suotang
2008-02-01
In this paper, an ultra-high resolution photoassociation spectroscopy study on photoassociation of cesium atoms is reported. The cold cesium gas in the magneto-optical trap is illuminated by a photoassociation laser with red-tuning as large as 40 cm-1 below the 6 S 1/2 + 6 P 3/2 dissociation limit, and the photoassociation to the excited state ultracold molecule is detected. High signal-to-noise ratio is obtained by using the lock-in detection of the fluorescence from the modulated cold Cs atoms. The 0{g/-}, 1g and 0{u/+} long-range states which correspond to 6 S 1/2 + 6 P 3/2 dissociation limit are present in the photoassociation spectrum. The effective coefficients of leading long-range interactions and the corresponding vibrational quantum number are obtained using LeRoy-Bernstein Law. It is found that photoassociation process creates rotating molecules and the high J value is a hint that higher partial waves participate in the PA process in the presence of trapping laser.
Long Range Dependence Prognostics for Bearing Vibration Intensity Chaotic Time Series
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Qing Li
2016-01-01
Full Text Available According to the chaotic features and typical fractional order characteristics of the bearing vibration intensity time series, a forecasting approach based on long range dependence (LRD is proposed. In order to reveal the internal chaotic properties, vibration intensity time series are reconstructed based on chaos theory in phase-space, the delay time is computed with C-C method and the optimal embedding dimension and saturated correlation dimension are calculated via the Grassberger–Procaccia (G-P method, respectively, so that the chaotic characteristics of vibration intensity time series can be jointly determined by the largest Lyapunov exponent and phase plane trajectory of vibration intensity time series, meanwhile, the largest Lyapunov exponent is calculated by the Wolf method and phase plane trajectory is illustrated using Duffing-Holmes Oscillator (DHO. The Hurst exponent and long range dependence prediction method are proposed to verify the typical fractional order features and improve the prediction accuracy of bearing vibration intensity time series, respectively. Experience shows that the vibration intensity time series have chaotic properties and the LRD prediction method is better than the other prediction methods (largest Lyapunov, auto regressive moving average (ARMA and BP neural network (BPNN model in prediction accuracy and prediction performance, which provides a new approach for running tendency predictions for rotating machinery and provide some guidance value to the engineering practice.
An Alternative High Luminosity LHC with Flat Optics and Long-Range Beam-Beam Compensation
AUTHOR|(CDS)2070952; Valishev, Aleksander; Shatilov, Dmitry
2015-01-01
In the baseline scenario of the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), the geometric loss of luminosity in the two high luminosity experiments due to collisions with a large crossing angle is recovered by tilting the bunches in the interaction region with the use of crab cavities. A possible backup scenario would rely on a reduced crossing angle together with flat optics (with different horizontal and vertical β∗ values) for the preservation of luminosity performance. However, the reduction of crossing angle coupled with the flat optics significantly enhances the strength of long-range beam-beam interactions. This paper discusses the possibility to mitigate the long-range beam-beam effects by current bearing wire compensators (or e-lens). We develop a new HL-LHC parameter list and analyze it in terms of integrated luminosity performance as compared to the baseline. Further, we evaluate the operational scenarios using numerical simulations of single-particle dynamics with beam-beam effects.
Induction of early long-range epigenetic changes by α-irradiation in arabidopsis thaliana plants
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Along the way, the mutagenic mechanism of low-energy ions irradiation is a debatable issue. Recently, the existence of radiation induced long-range (mutagenic) effects in vivo in plants has been performed in a series of studies of our group, which account for the mutagenesis of low-energy ions irradiation in a new perspective. However, numerous distinct biology phenomena remain to be addressed, which bear obvious characteristics to epigenetic.In the present study, using the expression of methylation-related AtDML3 gene and methylation level of specific gene segments as end points, the methylation of cytosine, the most important feature of epigenetic,was investigated. It was shown that, in A. thaliana, root-localized α-irradiation could induce epigenetic changes in aerial parts which avoided the direct irradiation. The radiation induced long-range epigenetic changes were confirmed in this study, which supplied innovative ideas for the further investigation of the mutagenetic mechanism of low-energy ions irradiation. (authors)
Li, Jicheng; Neumann, H.; Ramalingam, R.
2015-06-01
It is essential to measure the shrinkage/expansion and positioning/aligning of magnets and to control valve displacement which plays a vital role in experiments like the Karlsruhe tritium neutrino experiment beam tube and Cryo pumps. Hence, a displacement sensor which, over a long working range, can be operated under extreme environmental conditions needs to be developed. Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) have been considered to be excellent sensor elements useful for a variety of applications. This paper will discuss a long range displacement sensors based on fiber Bragg gratings for cryogenic temperature applications. The cryo pump inlet valve control requirements have been taken as example specifications for sensor design. To achieve the development goal, a proper signal transducer and sensor package were designed. A study of the strain transmission of surface-bonded FBG was conducted. The influence of bonding thickness and bonding length was reported. The design, fabrication, and performance were tested at low temperature of around 77 K. The sensor performance was found to be satisfactory at both room temperature and 77 K and linearly for long-range displacement of 550 mm with 14 pm/mm sensitivity and 0.142 mm accuracy.
Long-range surface plasmon polaritons at THz frequencies in thin semiconductor layers
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Yichen Zhang; Audrey Berrier; Jaime Gómez Rivas
2011-01-01
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are electromagnetic waves coupled to the free charge carriers at the interface between a metal and a dielectric[1].These waves propagate along the interface,while decaying evanescently away from it.The propagation length of SPPs is mainly limited by Ohmic losses in the metal.A possible way to lower these losses is to reduce the penetration of the electromagnetic field inside the metal,which can be achieved by coupling the SPPs at the opposite sides of a thin metallic film.These coupled SPPs are known as long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPPs) and have been thoroughly investigated at optical frequencies in thin layers of noble metals[2].%We present a theoretical investigation of THz long-range surface plasmon polaritons propagating on thin layers of InSb. The metallic behavior of doped semiconductors at THz frequencies allows the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons with propagation and confinement lengths that can be actively controlled. This control is achieved by acting on the free carrier density, which can be realized by changing the temperature of InSb.
Structural organization of long-range GABAergic projection system of the hippocampus
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Shozo Jinno
2009-07-01
Full Text Available GABA is a key mediator of neural activity in the mammalian central nervous system, and a diverse set of GABAergic neurons utilize GABA as transmitter. It has been widely accepted that GABAergic neurons typically serve as interneurons while glutamatergic principal cells send excitatory signals to remote areas. In general, glutamatergic projection neurons monosynaptically innervate both principal cells and local GABAergic interneurons in each target area, and these GABAergic cells play a vital role in modulation of the activity of principal cells. The formation and recall of sensory, motor and cognitive representations require coordinated fast communication among multiple areas of the cerebral cortex, which are thought to be mostly mediated by glutamatergic neurons. However, there is an increasing body of evidence showing that specific subpopulations of cortical GABAergic neurons send long-range axonal projections to subcortical and other cortical areas. In particular, a variety of GABAergic neurons in the hippocampus project to neighboring and remote areas. Using anatomical, molecular and electrophysiological approaches, several types of GABAergic projection neurons have been shown to exist in the hippocampus. The target areas of these cells are the subiculum and other retrohippocampal areas, the medial septum and the contralateral dentate gyrus. The long-range GABAergic projection system of the hippocampus may serve to coordinate precisely the multiple activity patterns of widespread cortical cell assemblies in different brain states and among multiple functionally related areas.
Entanglement and quantum-classical crossover in the extended XX model with long-range interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work we considered the one-dimensional extended isotropic XY model (s=1/2) in a transverse field with uniform long-range interactions among the z components of the spins. We studied the classical critical behaviour of the model through the behaviour of the magnetization, isothermal susceptibility, internal energy and specific heat. We have obtained exact expressions for these functions and evaluated the critical exponents. The phase diagrams for the classical critical behaviour were built for three cases of the multiplicity p of the multiple spin interaction, namely p=2, p=3 and p→∞. We have also shown that the quantum phase transitions can also be characterized through two quantifiers of entanglement, namely, the concurrence and the von Neumann entropy. We have also verified through the von Neumann entropy how the central charge of the model is affected by the multiplicity p, the coupling exchange J2 and the uniform long-range interaction I. - Highlights: ► Classical phase diagrams are shown for various multiple spin interactions. ► Expressions are presented for the magnetization, susceptibility and specific heat. ► The critical exponents α, β and γ along the critical lines have been determined.► The crossover lines have been found for various multiple spin interactions. ► The QPT have been characterized through concurrence and block–block entanglement.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG LiRong; MA Jie; JI WeiBang; WANG GuiPing; XIAO LianTuan; JIA SuoTang
2008-01-01
In this paper, an ultra-high resolution photoassociation spectroscopy study on photoassociation of cesium atoms is reported. The cold cesium gas in the mag-neto-optical trap is illuminated by a photoassociation laser with red-tuning as large as 40 cm-1 below the 6S1/2 + 6P3/2 dissociation limit, and the photoassoclation to the excited state ultracold molecule is detected. High signal-to-noise ratio is obtained by using the lock-in detection of the fluorescence from the modulated cold Cs at-oms. The O-g, and O+u, long-range states which correspond to 6S1/2 + 6P3/2 diSsocia-tion limit are present in the photoassociation spectrum. The effective coefficients of leading long-range interactions and the corresponding vibrational quantum num-ber are obtained using LeRoy-Bernstein Law. It is found that photoassociation process creates rotating molecules and the high J value is a hint that higher partial waves participate in the PA process in the presence of trapping laser.
Designing a multicolor long range nanoscopic ruler for the imaging of heterogeneous tumor cells.
Chavva, Suhash Reddy; Viraka Nellore, Bhanu Priya; Pramanik, Avijit; Sinha, Sudarson Sekhar; Jones, Stacy; Ray, Paresh Chandra
2016-07-14
Tumor heterogeneity is one of the biggest challenges in cancer treatment and diagnosis. A multicolor optical ruler is essential to address the heterogeneous tumor cell complexity. Driven by this need, the current article reports the design of a multicolor long range nanoscopic ruler for screening tumor heterogeneity by accurately identifying epithelial cells and cancer stem cells (CSCs) simultaneously. A nanoscopic surface energy transfer (NSET) ruler has been developed using blue fluorescence polymer dots (PDs) and red fluorescence gold cluster dots (GCDs) as multicolor fluorescence donor and plasmonic gold nanoparticle (GNP) acts as an excellent acceptor. Reported experimental results demonstrated that the multicolor nanoscopic ruler's working window is above 35 nm distances, which is more than three times farther than that of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) distance limit. Theoretical modeling using Förster dipole-dipole coupling and dipole to nanoparticle surface energy transfer have been used to discuss the possible mechanism for multicolor nanoscopic ruler's long-range capability. Using RNA aptamers that are specific for the target cancer cells, experimental data demonstrate that the nanoscopic ruler can be used for screening epithelial and CSCs simultaneously from a whole blood sample with a detection capability of 10 cells per mL. Experimental data show that the nanoscopic ruler can distinguish targeted cells from non-targeted cells. PMID:27380815
Chromosome-scale shotgun assembly using an in vitro method for long-range linkage.
Putnam, Nicholas H; O'Connell, Brendan L; Stites, Jonathan C; Rice, Brandon J; Blanchette, Marco; Calef, Robert; Troll, Christopher J; Fields, Andrew; Hartley, Paul D; Sugnet, Charles W; Haussler, David; Rokhsar, Daniel S; Green, Richard E
2016-03-01
Long-range and highly accurate de novo assembly from short-read data is one of the most pressing challenges in genomics. Recently, it has been shown that read pairs generated by proximity ligation of DNA in chromatin of living tissue can address this problem, dramatically increasing the scaffold contiguity of assemblies. Here, we describe a simpler approach ("Chicago") based on in vitro reconstituted chromatin. We generated two Chicago data sets with human DNA and developed a statistical model and a new software pipeline ("HiRise") that can identify poor quality joins and produce accurate, long-range sequence scaffolds. We used these to construct a highly accurate de novo assembly and scaffolding of a human genome with scaffold N50 of 20 Mbp. We also demonstrated the utility of Chicago for improving existing assemblies by reassembling and scaffolding the genome of the American alligator. With a single library and one lane of Illumina HiSeq sequencing, we increased the scaffold N50 of the American alligator from 508 kbp to 10 Mbp. PMID:26848124
Transmission of long-range surface plasmon-polaritons across gap in Au waveguide
Liu, Tong; Ji, Lanting; He, Guobing; Sun, Xiaoqiang; Yi, Yunji; Wang, Xibin; Chen, Changming; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Daming
2016-01-01
Optical loss induced by the arbitrary structure discontinuity in the Au stripe that supports long-range surface plasmon-polaritons (LRSPPs) propagation is investigated in this paper. A broad range of arbitrary gap sizes, 4 to 20 μm, is reported for 25 nm thick Au stripe with different widths embedded in 5 μm thick optically symmetric polymer SU-8. The simulations and experimental data find a high tunneling efficiency of the long-range mode power transmission of larger than 50% over a 10 μm gap at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Accordingly, a thermally activated in-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer switch based on the guiding of LRSPPs along Au stripe with gaps is designed and fabricated. Switching characteristics are analyzed upon heating one arm of the interferometer through the passage of current therein. The fabricated switch exhibits an extinction ratio of 17 dB with a driving power of 13 mW. The results prove that LRSPPs are insensitive to technological imperfections and waveguide interruptions, which is of benefit to active plasmonic device applications.
Vision-Based Long-Range 3D Tracking, applied to Underground Surveying Tasks
Mossel, Annette; Gerstweiler, Georg; Vonach, Emanuel; Kaufmann, Hannes; Chmelina, Klaus
2014-04-01
To address the need of highly automated positioning systems in underground construction, we present a long-range 3D tracking system based on infrared optical markers. It provides continuous 3D position estimation of static or kinematic targets with low latency over a tracking volume of 12 m x 8 m x 70 m (width x height x depth). Over the entire volume, relative 3D point accuracy with a maximal deviation ≤ 22 mm is ensured with possible target rotations of yaw, pitch = 0 - 45° and roll = 0 - 360°. No preliminary sighting of target(s) is necessary since the system automatically locks onto a target without user intervention and autonomously starts tracking as soon as a target is within the view of the system. The proposed system needs a minimal hardware setup, consisting of two machine vision cameras and a standard workstation for data processing. This allows for quick installation with minimal disturbance of construction work. The data processing pipeline ensures camera calibration and tracking during on-going underground activities. Tests in real underground scenarios prove the system's capabilities to act as 3D position measurement platform for multiple underground tasks that require long range, low latency and high accuracy. Those tasks include simultaneously tracking of personnel, machines or robots.
Quantum phases from competing short- and long-range interactions in an optical lattice.
Landig, Renate; Hruby, Lorenz; Dogra, Nishant; Landini, Manuele; Mottl, Rafael; Donner, Tobias; Esslinger, Tilman
2016-04-28
Insights into complex phenomena in quantum matter can be gained from simulation experiments with ultracold atoms, especially in cases where theoretical characterization is challenging. However, these experiments are mostly limited to short-range collisional interactions; recently observed perturbative effects of long-range interactions were too weak to reach new quantum phases. Here we experimentally realize a bosonic lattice model with competing short- and long-range interactions, and observe the appearance of four distinct quantum phases--a superfluid, a supersolid, a Mott insulator and a charge density wave. Our system is based on an atomic quantum gas trapped in an optical lattice inside a high-finesse optical cavity. The strength of the short-range on-site interactions is controlled by means of the optical lattice depth. The long (infinite)-range interaction potential is mediated by a vacuum mode of the cavity and is independently controlled by tuning the cavity resonance. When probing the phase transition between the Mott insulator and the charge density wave in real time, we observed a behaviour characteristic of a first-order phase transition. Our measurements have accessed a regime for quantum simulation of many-body systems where the physics is determined by the intricate competition between two different types of interactions and the zero point motion of the particles. PMID:27064902
Zaman, Shamsu; Choudhury, Malay; Jiang, James C; Srivastava, Pankaj; Mohanty, Bidyut K; Danielson, Christopher; Humphrey, Sean J; Jazwinski, S Michal; Bastia, Deepak
2016-05-15
The NAD-dependent histone deacetylase Sir2 controls ribosomal DNA (rDNA) silencing by inhibiting recombination and RNA polymerase II-catalyzed transcription in the rDNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir2 is recruited to nontranscribed spacer 1 (NTS1) of the rDNA array by interaction between the RENT ( RE: gulation of N: ucleolar S: ilencing and T: elophase exit) complex and the replication terminator protein Fob1. The latter binds to its cognate sites, called replication termini (Ter) or replication fork barriers (RFB), that are located in each copy of NTS1. This work provides new mechanistic insights into the regulation of rDNA silencing and intrachromatid recombination by showing that Sir2 recruitment is stringently regulated by Fob1 phosphorylation at specific sites in its C-terminal domain (C-Fob1), which also regulates long-range Ter-Ter interactions. We show further that long-range Fob1-mediated Ter-Ter interactions in trans are downregulated by Sir2. These regulatory mechanisms control intrachromatid recombination and the replicative life span (RLS). PMID:26951198
Cubic-quintic long-range interactions with double well potentials
Tsilifis, Panagiotis A.; Kevrekidis, Panayotis G.; Rothos, Vassilis M.
2014-01-01
In the present work, we examine the combined effects of cubic and quintic terms of the long-range type in the dynamics of a double well potential. Employing a two-mode approximation, we systematically develop two cubic-quintic ordinary differential equations and assess the contributions of the long-range interactions in each of the relevant prefactors, gauging how to simplify the ensuing dynamical system. Finally, we obtain a reduced canonical description for the conjugate variables of relative population imbalance and relative phase between the two wells and proceed to a dynamical systems analysis of the resulting pair of ordinary differential equations. While in the case of cubic and quintic interactions of the same kind (e.g. both attractive or both repulsive), only a symmetry-breaking bifurcation can be identified, a remarkable effect that emerges e.g. in the setting of repulsive cubic but attractive quintic interactions is a ‘symmetry-restoring’ bifurcation. Namely, in addition to the supercritical pitchfork that leads to a spontaneous symmetry breaking of the antisymmetric state, there is a subcritical pitchfork that eventually reunites the asymmetric daughter branch with the antisymmetric parent one. The relevant bifurcations, the stability of the branches and their dynamical implications are examined both in the reduced (ODE) and in the full (PDE) setting. The model is argued to be of physical relevance, especially so in the context of optical thermal media.
Mechanism of Long-Range Penetration of Low-Energy Ions in Botanic Samples
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘峰; 王宇钢; 薛建明; 王思学; 杜广华; 颜莎; 赵渭江
2002-01-01
We present experimental evidence to reveal the mechanism of long-range penetration of low-energy ions in botanic samples. In the 100keV Ar+ ion transmission measurement, the result confirmed that low-energy ions could penetrate at least 60μm thick kidney bean slices with the probability of about 1.0 × 10-5. The energy spectrum of 1 MeV He+ ions penetrating botanic samples has shown that there is a peak of the count of ions with little energy loss. The probability of the low-energy ions penetrating the botanic sample is almost the same as that of the high-energy ions penetrating the same samples with little energy loss. The results indicate that there are some micro-regions with mass thickness less than the projectile range of low-energy ions in the botanic samples and they result in the long-range penetration of low-energy ions in botanic samples.
Neutrino-Pair Exchange Long-Range Force Between Aggregate Matter
Segarra, A
2016-01-01
We study the long-range force arising between two neutral---of electric charge---aggregates of matter due to a neutrino-pair exchange, in the limit of zero neutrino mass. The conceptual basis for the construction of the effective potential comes from the coherent scattering amplitude at low values of t. This amplitude is obtained using the methodology of an unsubtracted dispersion relation in t at threshold for s, where (s, t) are the Lorentz invariant scattering variables. The ultraviolet behavior is irrelevant for the long-range force. In turn, the absorptive part in the t-dependence is given by the corresponding unitarity relation. We show that the potential describing this force decreases as $r^{-5}$ at large separation distance r. This interaction is described in terms of its own charge, which we call the weak flavor charge of the interacting systems, that depends on the flavor of the neutrino as $Q_W^e = 2Z-N$, $Q_W^\\mu = Q_W^\\tau = -N$. The flavor dependence of the potential factorizes in the product o...
Metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible ultra-long-range surface plasmon modes
Durfee, C. G.; Furtak, T. E.; Collins, R. T.; Hollingsworth, R. E.
2008-06-01
Long-range surface plasmons traveling on thin metal films have demonstrated promising potential in subwavelength waveguide applications. In work toward device applications that can leverage existing silicon microelectronics technology, it is of interest to explore the propagation of surface plasmons in a metal-oxide-semiconductor geometry. In such a structure, there is a high refractive index contrast between the semiconductor (n ≈3.5 for silicon) and the insulating oxide (typically n ≈1.5-2.5). However, the introduction of dielectrics with disparate refractive indices is known to strongly affect the guiding properties of surface plasmons. In this paper, we analyze the implications of high index contrast in 1D layered surface plasmon structures. We show that it is possible to introduce a thin dielectric layer with a low refractive index positioned next to the metal without adversely affecting the guiding quality. In fact, such a configuration can dramatically increase the propagation length of the conventional long-range mode. While this study is directed at silicon-compatible waveguides working at telecommunications wavelengths, this configuration has general implications for surface plasmon structure design using other materials and operating at alternative wavelengths.
Amplitude equation and long-range interactions in underwater sand ripples in one dimension.
Schnipper, Teis; Mertens, Keith; Ellegaard, Clive; Bohr, Tomas
2008-10-01
We present an amplitude equation for sand ripples under oscillatory flow in a situation where the sand is moving in a narrow channel and the height profile is practically one dimensional. The equation has the form ht = - epsilon(h-h)+((hx)2-1)hxx-hxxxx+delta((hx)2)xx which, due to the first term, is neither completely local (it has long-range coupling through the average height h) nor has local sand conservation. We argue that this is reasonable and show that the equation compares well with experimental observations in narrow channels. We focus in particular on the so-called doubling transition, a secondary instability caused by the sudden decrease in the amplitude of the water motion, leading to the appearance of a new ripple in each trough. This transition is well reproduced for sufficiently large delta (asymmetry between trough and crest). We finally present surprising experimental results showing that long-range coupling is indeed seen in the initial details of the doubling transition, where in fact two small ripples are initially formed, followed by global symmetry breaking removing one of them. PMID:18999572
Short-range interactions versus long-range correlations in bird flocks
Cavagna, Andrea; Del Castello, Lorenzo; Dey, Supravat; Giardina, Irene; Melillo, Stefania; Parisi, Leonardo; Viale, Massimiliano
2015-07-01
Bird flocks are a paradigmatic example of collective motion. One of the prominent traits of flocking is the presence of long range velocity correlations between individuals, which allow them to influence each other over the large scales, keeping a high level of group coordination. A crucial question is to understand what is the mutual interaction between birds generating such nontrivial correlations. Here we use the maximum entropy (ME) approach to infer from experimental data of natural flocks the effective interactions between individuals. Compared to previous studies, we make a significant step forward as we retrieve the full functional dependence of the interaction on distance, and find that it decays exponentially over a range of a few individuals. The fact that ME gives a short-range interaction even though its experimental input is the long-range correlation function, shows that the method is able to discriminate the relevant information encoded in such correlations and single out a minimal number of effective parameters. Finally, we show how the method can be used to capture the degree of anisotropy of mutual interactions.
Long-range doublon transfer in a dimer chain induced by topology and ac fields
Bello, M.; Creffield, C. E.; Platero, G.
2016-03-01
The controlled transfer of particles from one site of a spatial lattice to another is essential for many tasks in quantum information processing and quantum communication. In this work we study how to induce long-range transfer between the two ends of a dimer chain, by coupling states that are localized just on the chain’s end-points. This has the appealing feature that the transfer occurs only between the end-points - the particle does not pass through the intermediate sites-making the transfer less susceptible to decoherence. We first show how a repulsively bound-pair of fermions, known as a doublon, can be transferred from one end of the chain to the other via topological edge states. We then show how non-topological surface states of the familiar Shockley or Tamm type can be used to produce a similar form of transfer under the action of a periodic driving potential. Finally we show that combining these effects can produce transfer by means of more exotic topological effects, in which the driving field can be used to switch the topological character of the edge states, as measured by the Zak phase. Our results demonstrate how to induce long range transfer of strongly correlated particles by tuning both topology and driving.
Short- and long-range corrected hybrid density functionals with the D3 dispersion corrections
Wang, Chih-Wei; Chai, Jeng-Da
2016-01-01
We propose a short- and long-range corrected (SLC) hybrid scheme employing 100% Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange at both zero and infinite interelectronic distances, wherein three SLC hybrid density functionals with the D3 dispersion corrections (SLC-LDA-D3, SLC-PBE-D3, and SLC-B97-D3) are developed. SLC-PBE-D3 and SLC-B97-D3 are shown to be accurate for a very diverse range of applications, such as core ionization and excitation energies, thermochemistry, kinetics, noncovalent interactions, dissociation of symmetric radical cations, vertical ionization potentials, vertical electron affinities, fundamental gaps, and valence, Rydberg, and long-range charge-transfer excitation energies. Relative to omegaB97X-D, SLC-B97-D3 provides significant improvement for core ionization and excitation energies and noticeable improvement for the self-interaction, asymptote, energy-gap, and charge-transfer problems, while performing similarly for thermochemistry, kinetics, and noncovalent interactions.
Sánchez-Higueras, Carlos; Hombría, James Castelli-Gair
2016-06-01
Many organs are specified far from the location they occupy when functional, having to migrate long distances through the heterogeneous and dynamic environment of the early embryo. We study the formation of the main Drosophila endocrine organ, the ring gland, as a new model to investigate in vivo the genetic regulation of collective cell migration. The ring gland results from the fusion of three independent gland primordia that migrate from the head towards the anterior aorta as the embryo is experiencing major morphogenetic movements. To complete their long-range migration, the glands extend filopodia moving sequentially towards a nearby intermediate target and from there to more distal ones. Thus, the apparent long-range migration is composed of several short-range migratory steps that facilitate reaching the final destination. We find that the target tissues react to the gland's proximity by sending filopodia towards it. Our finding of a succession of independent migration stages is consistent with the stepwise evolution of ring gland assembly and fits with the observed gland locations found in extant crustaceans, basal insects and flies. PMID:27063193
An Alternative High Luminosity LHC with Flat Optics and Long-Range Beam-Beam Compensation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fartoukh, Stephane [CERN; Valishev, Alexander [Fermilab; Shatilov, Dmitry [BINP, Novosibirsk
2015-06-01
In the baseline scenario of the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), the geometric loss of luminosity in the two high luminosity experiments due to collisions with a large crossing angle is recovered by tilting the bunches in the interaction region with the use of crab cavities. A possible backup scenario would rely on a reduced crossing angle together with flat optics (with different horizontal and vertical $\\beta^{\\ast}$values) for the preservation of luminosity performance. However, the reduction of crossing angle coupled with the flat optics significantly enhances the strength of long-range beam-beam interactions. This paper discusses the possibility to mitigate the long-range beam-beam effects by current bearing wire compensators (or e-lens). We develop a new HL-LHC parameter list and analyze it in terms of integrated luminosity performance as compared to the baseline. Further, we evaluate the operational scenarios using numerical simulations of single-particle dynamics with beam-beam effects.
Martin-Alvarez, A.; Hayati, S.; Volpe, R.; Petras, R.
1999-01-01
An advanced design and implementation of a Control Architecture for Long Range Autonomous Planetary Rovers is presented using a hierarchical top-down task decomposition, and the common structure of each design is presented based on feedback control theory. Graphical programming is presented as a common intuitive language for the design when a large design team is composed of managers, architecture designers, engineers, programmers, and maintenance personnel. The whole design of the control architecture consists in the classic control concepts of cyclic data processing and event-driven reaction to achieve all the reasoning and behaviors needed. For this purpose, a commercial graphical tool is presented that includes the mentioned control capabilities. Messages queues are used for inter-communication among control functions, allowing Artificial Intelligence (AI) reasoning techniques based on queue manipulation. Experimental results show a highly autonomous control system running in real time on top the JPL micro-rover Rocky 7 controlling simultaneously several robotic devices. This paper validates the sinergy between Artificial Intelligence and classic control concepts in having in advanced Control Architecture for Long Range Autonomous Planetary Rovers.
Experimental characterization of singlet scattering channels in long-range Rydberg molecules
Saßmannshausen, Heiner; Deiglmayr, Johannes
2014-01-01
We observe the formation of long-range Cs$_2$ Rydberg molecules consisting of a Rydberg and a ground-state atom by photoassociation spectroscopy in an ultracold Cs Rydberg gas near 6s$_{1/2}$($F$=3,4)$\\rightarrow$$n$p$_{3/2}$ resonances ($n$=26-34). The spectra reveal two types of molecular states recently predicted by D. A. Anderson, S. A. Miller, and G. Raithel [arXiv:1409.2543 (2014)]: Pure triplet ($^3\\Sigma$) states with binding energies ranging from 400 MHz at $n$=26 to 80 MHz at $n$=34, and states of mixed singlet and triplet ($^{1,3}\\Sigma$) character with smaller and $F$-dependent binding energies. The experimental observations are accounted for by an effective Hamiltonian including Fermi-contact $s$-wave scattering pseudopotentials, the hyperfine interaction of the ground-state atom, and the spin-orbit interaction of the Rydberg atom. The analysis enabled the characterization of the role of singlet scattering in the formation of long-range Rydberg molecules and the determination of an effective sing...
Griffiths phase and long-range correlations in a biologically motivated visual cortex model.
Girardi-Schappo, M; Bortolotto, G S; Gonsalves, J J; Pinto, L T; Tragtenberg, M H R
2016-01-01
Activity in the brain propagates as waves of firing neurons, namely avalanches. These waves' size and duration distributions have been experimentally shown to display a stable power-law profile, long-range correlations and 1/f (b) power spectrum in vivo and in vitro. We study an avalanching biologically motivated model of mammals visual cortex and find an extended critical-like region - a Griffiths phase - characterized by divergent susceptibility and zero order parameter. This phase lies close to the expected experimental value of the excitatory postsynaptic potential in the cortex suggesting that critical be-havior may be found in the visual system. Avalanches are not perfectly power-law distributed, but it is possible to collapse the distributions and define a cutoff avalanche size that diverges as the network size is increased inside the critical region. The avalanches present long-range correlations and 1/f (b) power spectrum, matching experiments. The phase transition is analytically determined by a mean-field approximation. PMID:27435679
Long-range charge-density-wave proximity effect at cuprate/manganate interfaces
Frano, A.; Blanco-Canosa, S.; Schierle, E.; Lu, Y.; Wu, M.; Bluschke, M.; Minola, M.; Christiani, G.; Habermeier, H. U.; Logvenov, G.; Wang, Y.; van Aken, P. A.; Benckiser, E.; Weschke, E.; Le Tacon, M.; Keimer, B.
2016-08-01
The interplay between charge density waves (CDWs) and high-temperature superconductivity is currently under intense investigation. Experimental research on this issue is difficult because CDW formation in bulk copper oxides is strongly influenced by random disorder, and a long-range-ordered CDW state in high magnetic fields is difficult to access with spectroscopic and diffraction probes. Here we use resonant X-ray scattering in zero magnetic field to show that interfaces with the metallic ferromagnet La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 greatly enhance CDW formation in the optimally doped high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6+δ (δ ~ 1), and that this effect persists over several tens of nanometres. The wavevector of the incommensurate CDW serves as an internal calibration standard of the charge carrier concentration, which allows us to rule out any significant influence of oxygen non-stoichiometry, and to attribute the observed phenomenon to a genuine electronic proximity effect. Long-range proximity effects induced by heterointerfaces thus offer a powerful method to stabilize the charge-density-wave state in the cuprates and, more generally, to manipulate the interplay between different collective phenomena in metal oxides.
Extreme value and record statistics in heavy-tailed processes with long-range memory
Schumann, Aicko Yves; Davidsen, Jörn
2011-01-01
Extreme events are an important theme in various areas of science because of their typically devastating effects on society and their scientific complexities. The latter is particularly true if the underlying dynamics does not lead to independent extreme events as often observed in natural systems. Here, we focus on this case and consider stationary stochastic processes that are characterized by long-range memory and heavy-tailed distributions, often called fractional L\\'evy noise. While the size distribution of extreme events is not affected by the long-range memory in the asymptotic limit and remains a Fr\\'echet distribution, there are strong finite-size effects if the memory leads to persistence in the underlying dynamics. Moreover, we show that this persistence is also present in the extreme events, which allows one to make a time-dependent hazard assessment of future extreme events based on events observed in the past. This has direct applications in the field of space weather as we discuss specifically ...
Trajectory Optimisation of Long Range and Air-to-Air Tactical Flight Vehicles
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Manickavasagam
2015-04-01
Full Text Available This paper presents formulation and solution of long range flight vehicle and tactical air-to-air flight vehicle trajectory optimisation. The first case study is of a long range flight vehicle. Here an optimum steering program during powered phase has been evolved as control input for achieving maximum range with available propulsions in the presence of path and terminal constraints. The second case study is of a tactical flight vehicle for air-to-air application. Here a minimum flight time trajectory has been generated for covering a specified range pertaining to a specified air-to-air engagement by evolving pitch lateral acceleration as control input. Here also, there are many path and terminal constraints consisting of launch aircraft, pursuer, and evader. The studies have been carried out as part of system design activity of both flight vehicles. Both are real-life optimisation problems under several constraints. Through it is very difficult to solve such practical problems in flight dynamics using classical optimal control theory, it has been solved successfully using direct transcription method based on nonlinear programming. Rapid convergence has been achieved in four passes with minimum grids in first pass, to start with, and increasing the grids in subsequent passes. Solving such a real-life problem with proper convergence subjected to many constraints is claimed as novelty of present research.Defence Science Journal, Vol. 65, No. 2, March 2015, pp.107-118, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.65.8238
Long-Range Motion Trajectories Extraction of Articulated Human Using Mesh Evolution
Wu, Yuanyuan; He, Xiaohai; Kang, Byeongkeun; Song, Haiying; Nguyen, Truong Q.
2016-04-01
This letter presents a novel approach to extract reliable dense and long-range motion trajectories of articulated human in a video sequence. Compared with existing approaches that emphasize temporal consistency of each tracked point, we also consider the spatial structure of tracked points on the articulated human. We treat points as a set of vertices, and build a triangle mesh to join them in image space. The problem of extracting long-range motion trajectories is changed to the issue of consistency of mesh evolution over time. First, self-occlusion is detected by a novel mesh-based method and an adaptive motion estimation method is proposed to initialize mesh between successive frames. Furthermore, we propose an iterative algorithm to efficiently adjust vertices of mesh for a physically plausible deformation, which can meet the local rigidity of mesh and silhouette constraints. Finally, we compare the proposed method with the state-of-the-art methods on a set of challenging sequences. Evaluations demonstrate that our method achieves favorable performance in terms of both accuracy and integrity of extracted trajectories.
Kinetic equations for systems with long-range interactions: a unified description
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We complete the existing literature on the kinetic theory of systems with long-range interactions. Starting from the BBGKY hierarchy, or using projection operator technics or a quasilinear theory, a general kinetic equation can be derived when collective effects are neglected. This equation (which is not well known) applies to possibly spatially inhomogeneous systems, which is specific to systems with long-range interactions. Interestingly, the structure of this kinetic equation bears a clear physical meaning in terms of generalized Kubo relations. Furthermore, this equation takes a very similar form for stellar systems and two-dimensional point vortices, providing therefore a unified description of the kinetic theory of these systems. If we assume that the system is spatially homogeneous (or axisymmetric for point vortices), this equation can be simplified and reduces to the Landau equation (or its counterpart for point vortices). Our formalism thus offers a simple derivation of Landau-type equations. We also use this general formalism to derive a kinetic equation, written in angle-action variables, describing spatially inhomogeneous systems with long-range interactions. This new derivation solves the shortcomings of our previous derivation (Chavanis 2007 Physica A 377 469). Finally, we consider a test particle approach and derive general expressions for the diffusion and friction (or drift) coefficients of a test particle evolving in a bath of field particles. We make contact with the expressions previously obtained in the literature. As an application of the kinetic theory, we argue that, for one-dimensional systems and two-dimensional point vortices, the relaxation time is shorter for inhomogeneous (or non-axisymmetric) distributions than for homogeneous (or axisymmetric) distributions because there are potentially more resonances. We compare this prediction with existing numerical results. For the HMF model, we argue that the relaxation time scales like N for
Biogeochemical Impact of Long-Range Transported Dust over Northern South China Sea
Tsay, Si-Chee; Wang, S. H.; Hsu, N. C.
2011-01-01
Transpacific transport and impact of Asian dust aerosols have been well documented (e.g., results from ACE-Asia and regional follow-on campaigns), but little is known about dust invasion to the South China Sea (SCS). On 19-21 March 2010, a fierce Asian dust storm affected large areas from the Gobi deserts to the West Pacific, including Taiwan and Hong Kong. As a pilot study of the 7-SEAS (Seven South East Asian Studies) in the northern SCS, detailed characteristics of long-range transported dust aerosols were first observed by a comprehensive set of ground-based instruments deployed at the Dongsha islands (20deg42'52" N, 116deg43'51" E). Aerosol measurements such as particle mass concentrations, size distribution, optical properties, hygroscopicity, and vertical profiles help illustrate the evolution of this dust outbreak. Our results indicate that these dust particles were mixed with anthropogenic and marine aerosols, and transported near the surface. Satellite assessment of biogeochemical impact of dust deposition into open oceans is hindered by our current inability in retrieving areal dust properties and ocean colors over an extensive period of time, particularly under the influence of cloudy conditions. In this paper, we analyze the changes of retrieved Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration over the northern SCS, considered as oligotophic waters in the spring, from long-term SeaWiFS measurements since 1997. Over the past decade, six long-range transported dust events are identified based on spatiotemporal evolutions of PM10 measurements from regional monitoring stations, with the aid of trajectory analysis. Multi-year composites of Chl-a imagery for dust event and non-dust background during March-April are applied to overcome insufficient retrievals of Chl-a due to cloudy environment. Due to anthropogenic modification within a shallow boundary layer off the densely populated and industrial southeast coast of China, the iron ion activation of deliquescent dust
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauritzen, B.; Mikkelsen, T.
1999-01-01
Long-range atmospheric transport of radionuclides from the Chernobyl accident is modelled as an Eulerian diffusion process. From observations of the gross deposition pattern of particulate radiocaesium an effective long-range Eddy diffusivity K of the order of 10(6) m(2) s(-1) is inferred. A corr...... method is proposed for the long-range radiological consequences of nuclear accidents. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.......Long-range atmospheric transport of radionuclides from the Chernobyl accident is modelled as an Eulerian diffusion process. From observations of the gross deposition pattern of particulate radiocaesium an effective long-range Eddy diffusivity K of the order of 10(6) m(2) s(-1) is inferred. A...
Long-Range And Head-On Beam-Beam Compensation Studies in RHIC With Lessons for the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fischer, W.; Luo, Y.; Abreu, N.; Calaga, R.; Montag, C.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; /Brookhaven; Dorda, U.; Koutchouk, J.P.; Sterbini, G.; Zimmermann, F.; /CERN; Kim, H.J.; Sen, T.; Shiltsev, V.; Valishev, A.; /Fermilab; Qiang, J.; /LBL, Berkeley; Kabel, A.; /SLAC
2011-11-28
Long-range as well as head-on beam-beam effects are expected to limit the LHC performance with design parameters. They are are also important consideration for the LHC upgrades. To mitigate long-range effects, current carrying wires parallel to the beam were proposed. Two such wires are installed in RHIC where they allow studying the effect of strong long-range beam-beam effects, as well as the compensation of a single long-range interaction. The tests provide benchmark data for simulations and analytical treatments. Electron lenses were proposed for both RHIC and the LHC to reduce the head-on beam-beam effect. We present the experimental long-range beam-beam program at RHIC and report on head-on compensations studies based on simulations.
Nagaraj; Krokhin, A. A.
2010-02-01
We present a theoretical study of long-range surface plasmons propagating in a thin metallic film clad between two identical uniaxial anisotropic dielectric crystals. We show that the proper orientation of the optical axis of the crystal with respect to the metal surface enhances the propagation length of surface plasmons. Since the proper orientation depends on surface plasmon frequency, we give the results for the propagation length in a wide range of frequencies, including the telecommunication region. To increase the role of anisotropy, we consider artificial substrates from photonic crystals, which possess an order of magnitude stronger anisotropy than the natural optical crystals. We propose Kronig-Penney model for plasmonic crystal where the substrate is a periodic sequence of dielectric delta peaks. In this model the dispersion relation for surface plasmon has a band structure where the band width tends to zero when the frequency approaches the resonant frequency.
A long-range scanning probe microscope for automotive reflector optical quality inspection
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A long-range scanning probe microscope (SPM) designed for the measurement of micro- and nanoscale forms, roughness and surface defects was constructed. It is based on commercial crossed roller bearing stages combined with piezoceramic actuators used to compensate the imperfections of the bearing mechanism. Three interferometers are used for all three-axis translation monitoring and feedback. For stage rotation monitoring (axis normal to the sample surface), an autocollimator is used. For nonplanarity compensation and two more axis rotation compensations (axes parallel to sample surface), an optical quality reference plane and a set of tunneling current sensors are used. The developed system enables us to perform large-scale measurements of the surface form with no influence of positioning system non-planarities and piezoceramic component hysteresis. In contrast to specialized metrology systems, e.g. using a six-axis interferometer for stage motion monitoring and feedback, this approach enables a more compact and much cheaper metrology SPM construction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Darden, Safi-Kirstine Klem; Dabelsteen, Torben; Pedersen, Simon Boel
2003-01-01
in Canada and extirpated, endangered, or threatened in parts of the United States. The barking sequence is a long-range vocalization in the species' vocal repertoire. It consists of a series of barks and is most common during the mating season. We analyzed barking sequences recorded in a standardized...... context from 20 captive individuals (3 females and 17 males) housed in large, single-pair enclosures at a swift fox breeding facility. Using a discriminant function analysis with 7 temporal and spectral variables measured on barking sequences, we were able to correctly classify 99% of sequences to the...... correct individual. The most important discriminating variable was the mean spacing of barks in a barking sequence. Potential applications of such vocal individuality are discussed....
CGC/saturation approach for soft interactions at high energy: long range rapidity correlations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gotsman, E.; Maor, U. [Tel Aviv University, Department of Particle Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv (Israel); Levin, E. [Tel Aviv University, Department of Particle Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv (Israel); Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria and Centro Cientifico- Tecnologico de Valparaiso, Departemento de Fisica, Valparaiso (Chile)
2015-11-15
In this paper we continue our program to construct a model for high energy soft interactions that is based on the CGC/saturation approach. The main result of this paper is that we have discovered a mechanism that leads to large long range rapidity correlations and results in large values of the correlation function R(y{sub 1}, y{sub 2}) ≥ 1, which is independent of y{sub 1} and y{sub 2}. Such a behavior of the correlation function provides strong support for the idea that at high energies the system of partons that is produced is not only dense but also has strong attractive forces acting between the partons. (orig.)
Rainbow trapping based on long-range plasmonic Bragg gratings at telecom frequencies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The group velocity of long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPPs) in a wide frequency bandwidth at infrared frequencies is significantly reduced by dielectric gratings of graded thickness on both sides of a thin metal film. This structure can reduce the propagation loss of slow surface plasmons in “rainbow trapping” systems based on plasmonic Bragg gratings. Compared with dielectric gratings of graded thickness on a single side of a metal film, the proposed structure is able to guide slow light with a much longer propagation distance for the same group index factor. Finite-difference time-domain simulation results show that slow LRSPPs with the group velocity of c/14.5 and the propagation distance of 10.4 μm are achieved in dielectric gratings of uniform thickness on both sides of a thin metal film at 1.62 μm
Promotion of Cooperation in a Spatial Public Goods Game with Long Range Learning and Mobility
Xiao, Yao; Hua, Da-Yin
2012-11-01
We studied the effect of population density in a spatial public goods game. We found that the effect on the evolution of cooperation is very complex when the strategy learning and mobility of players in a long range are considered in a two-dimensional lattice. As the learning range is larger than the mobility range, the system is driven to enter into a cooperation state for a low population density, because a small local group is beneficial to sustain a high level of cooperation. As population density increases to a moderate range, the mobility of players from a domain invaded by defectors supports the evolution stability of cooperation. When the mobility range is larger than the learning range, a formation of compact domains of cooperators promotes cooperation as the population density becomes high.
Detection of long-range concerted motions in protein by a distance covariance.
Roy, Amitava; Post, Carol Beth
2012-09-11
We asses the ability of a distance correlation coefficient (DiCC), calculated from distance covariance, for detecting long-range concerted motion in proteins. We establish a set of criteria for ideal correlation coefficient values based on the coefficient of determination in multi-dimension, R (2). We compare in detail DiCC and conventional coefficients against these criteria. We demonstrate that in contrast to conventional correlation coefficients, which capture long-distance correlation adequately only with certain restrictions in multi-dimension, DiCC reflects appropriate correlation in both one- and multi-dimension. Finally we demonstrate the usefulness of DiCC for assessing long-distance correlated fluctuation in protein dynamics. PMID:23610564
Atmospheric emissions and long-range transport of persistent organic chemicals
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Scheringer M.
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Persistent organic chemicals include several groups of halogenated compounds, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs, polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs, and polyfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs. These chemicals remain for long times (years to decades in the environment and cycle between different media (air, water, sediment, soil, vegetation, etc.. The environmental distribution of this type of chemicals can conveniently be analyzed by multimedia models. Multimedia models consist of a set of coupled mass balance equations for the environmental media considered; they can be set up at various scales from local to global. Two applications of multimedia models to airborne chemicals are discussed in detail: the day-night cycle of PCBs measured in air near the surface, and the atmospheric long-range transport of volatile precursors of PFCAs, formation of PFCAs by oxidation of these precursors, and subsequent deposition of PFCAs to the surface in remote regions such as the Arctic.
Long-range plans for research with radioactive ion beams at JINR
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dubna Radioactive Ion Beams (DRIBs) is a general name for initiative to develop a complex of experimental facilities in the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, which should enable world-class research with Radioactive Ion Beams at JINR (Dubna, Russia). The first stage of this initiative (DRIBs-1) operates successfully. However, to meet the requests of the modern research, a new project DRIBs-3 is now being developed. It is based on the in-flight RIB production technique augmented with an ISOL-type second stage. The new fragment-separator ACCULINNA-2 comprising important part of the prospective facility is now under construction with an expected commissioning date in 2015. The long-range plans for experimental research at DRIBs-3 and the program for further development of this facility are discussed
Radioactive source localization inside pipes using a long-range alpha detector
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Xue-Mei; TUO Xian-Guo; LI Zhe; LIU Ming-Zhe; ZHANG Jin-Zhao; DONG Xiang-Long; LI Ping-Chuan
2013-01-01
Long-range alpha detectors (LRADs) are attracting much attention in the decommissioning of nuclear facilities because of some problems in obtaining source positions on an interior surface during pipe decommissioning.By utilizing the characteristic that LRAD detects alphas by collecting air-driving ions,this article applies a method to localize the radioactive source by ions' fluid property.By obtaining the ion travel time and the airspeed distribution in the pipe,the source position can be determined.Thus this method overcomes the ion's lack of periodic characteristics.Experimental results indicate that this method can approximately localize the source inside the pipe.The calculation results are in good agreement with the experimental results.
Long-range temporal correlations in the EEG bursts of human preterm babies.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Caroline Hartley
Full Text Available The electrical activity in the very early human preterm brain, as recorded by scalp EEG, is mostly discontinuous and has bursts of high-frequency oscillatory activity nested within slow-wave depolarisations of high amplitude. The temporal organisation of the occurrence of these EEG bursts has not been previously investigated. We analysed the distribution of the EEG bursts in 11 very preterm (23-30 weeks gestational age human babies through two estimates of the Hurst exponent. We found long-range temporal correlations (LRTCs in the occurrence of these EEG bursts demonstrating that even in the very immature human brain, when the cerebral cortical structure is far from fully developed, there is non-trivial temporal structuring of electrical activity.
Domain walls and long-range triplet correlations in SFS Josephson junctions
Buzdin, A. I.; Mel'Nikov, A. S.; Pugach, N. G.
2011-04-01
We study the contribution of domain walls to the Josephson current through a ferromagnetic metal both in clean and diffusive limits. Our consideration of these limits is based on the quasiclassical version of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and the Usadel theory, correspondingly. In the clean limit, the domain walls connecting superconducting leads are shown to be responsible for strong enhancement of the Josephson current, even for a domain structure with collinear magnetic moments. In the dirty limit, a noticeable increase in the critical current appears only for a system with noncollinear magnetic moments. We demonstrate that a thin domain wall in this case may serve as an efficient source of the long-range triplet proximity effect.
Designing the metallic superlens close to the cutoff of the long-range mode.
Tremblay, Guillaume; Sheng, Yunlong
2010-01-18
The metallic superlens typically shows two peaks in its transfer function related to the long- and the short-range surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes. These peaks are necessary to amplify the evanescent waves compensating the exponential decays, but enhance the spatial frequencies disproportionally, resulting in strong sidelobes in the image. We propose to design the metallic superlens with close to the cutoff condition of the long-range SPP mode to balance the SPP amplification and the flatness of the transfer function, and thus eliminating the sidelobes in the image. The design experiments for the Al superlens at 193 nm with both the transfer-matrix approach and the numerical finite difference in time domain method are shown. PMID:20173894
Long-range interactions between polar alkali-metal diatoms in external electric fields
Lepers, Maxence; Aymar, Mireille; Bouloufa-Maafa, Nadia; Dulieu, Olivier
2013-01-01
We computed the long-range interactions between two identical polar bialkali molecules in their rovibronic ground level, for all ten species, using accurate quantum chemistry results combined with available spectroscopic data. Huge van der Waals interaction is found for eight species in the free space. The competition of the van der Waals interaction with the dipole-dipole interaction induced by an electric field parallel or perpendicular to the intermolecular axis is described as functions of the electric field magnitude and intermolecular distance. Our calculations predict a regime with a mutual orientation of the two molecules but with no preferential direction in the lab frame. A mechanism for the one-photon assisted association of a pair of ultracold polar molecules into ultracold tetramers is proposed, which would open the way towards the optical manipulation of ultracold polyatomic molecules.
The one-dimensional XXZ model with long-range interactions
Goncalves, L. L.; Vieira, A. P.; Coutinho, L. P. S.
2000-01-01
The one-dimensional XXZ model (s=1/2, N sites) with uniform long-range interactions among the transverse components of the spins is considered. The Hamiltonian of the model is explicitly given by $H=J\\sum_{j=1}^{N}(s_{j}^{x}s_{j+1}^{x}+s_{j}^{y}s_{j+1}^{y}) -(I/N)\\sum_{j,k=1}^{N}s_{j}^{z}s_{k}^{z}-h\\sum_{j=1}^{N}s_{j}^{z},$ where the $s^{x,y,z}$ are half the Pauli spin matrices. The model is exactly solved by applying the Jordan-Wigner fermionization, followed by a Gaussian transformation. In...
Long-range Acoustic Interactions in Insect Swarms: An Adaptive Gravity Model
Gorbonos, Dan; Puckett, James G; Ni, Rui; Ouellette, Nicholas T; Gov, Nir S
2015-01-01
The collective motion of groups of animals emerges from the net effect of the interactions between individual members of the group. In many cases, such as birds, fish, or ungulates, these interactions are mediated by sensory stimuli that predominantly arise from nearby neighbors. But not all stimuli in animal groups are short range. Here, we consider mating swarms of midges, which interact primarily via long-range acoustic stimuli. We exploit the similarity in form between the decay of acoustic and gravitational sources to build a model for swarm behavior. By accounting for the adaptive nature of the midges' acoustic sensing, we show that our "adaptive gravity" model makes mean-field predictions that agree well with experimental observations of laboratory swarms. Our results highlight the role of sensory mechanisms and interaction range in collective animal behavior. The adaptive interactions that we present here open a new class of equations of motion, which may appear in other biological contexts.
Long-range autocorrelations of CpG islands in the human genome.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Benjamin Koester
Full Text Available In this paper, we use a statistical estimator developed in astrophysics to study the distribution and organization of features of the human genome. Using the human reference sequence we quantify the global distribution of CpG islands (CGI in each chromosome and demonstrate that the organization of the CGI across a chromosome is non-random, exhibits surprisingly long range correlations (10 Mb and varies significantly among chromosomes. These correlations of CGI summarize functional properties of the genome that are not captured when considering variation in any particular separate (and local feature. The demonstration of the proposed methods to quantify the organization of CGI in the human genome forms the basis of future studies. The most illuminating of these will assess the potential impact on phenotypic variation of inter-individual variation in the organization of the functional features of the genome within and among chromosomes, and among individuals for particular chromosomes.
Long-range displacement sensor based on SMS fiber structure and OTDR
Arifin, A.; Hatta, A. M.; Sekartedjo; Muntini, M. S.; Rubiyanto, A.
2015-06-01
This paper presents a long-range displacement measurement method by using a single-multi-single mode (SMS) fiber structure, attached to a flexible plate between two permanent poles and the optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR)-based interrogator. The SMS fiber structure sensors are prepared with two different configurations, i.e. straight and sinusoidal configurations. It is demonstrated that the displacement sensor can perform a displacement measurement with a range from 0 mm to 150 mm with a resolution of 0.159 mm. The sinusoidal configuration provides a better sensitivity than the straight configuration. The proposed sensor offers a low cost, and it can be implemented for quasi-distributed displacement measurement which is suitable for civil structure monitoring.
Long-Ranged Oppositely Charged Interactions for Designing New Types of Colloidal Clusters
Demirörs, Ahmet Faik; Stiefelhagen, Johan C. P.; Vissers, Teun; Smallenburg, Frank; Dijkstra, Marjolein; Imhof, Arnout; van Blaaderen, Alfons
2015-04-01
Getting control over the valency of colloids is not trivial and has been a long-desired goal for the colloidal domain. Typically, tuning the preferred number of neighbors for colloidal particles requires directional bonding, as in the case of patchy particles, which is difficult to realize experimentally. Here, we demonstrate a general method for creating the colloidal analogs of molecules and other new regular colloidal clusters without using patchiness or complex bonding schemes (e.g., DNA coating) by using a combination of long-ranged attractive and repulsive interactions between oppositely charged particles that also enable regular clusters of particles not all in close contact. We show that, due to the interplay between their attractions and repulsions, oppositely charged particles dispersed in an intermediate dielectric constant (4 Thomson problem. We also use the simulations to explore the dependence of such clusters on Debye screening length κ-1 and the ratio of charges on the particles, showing good agreement with experimental observations.
Pfenninger, Werner; Vemuru, Chandra S.
1988-01-01
The achievement of 70 percent laminar flow using modest boundary layer suction on the wings, empennage, nacelles, and struts of long-range LFC transports, combined with larger wing spans and lower span loadings, could make possible an unrefuelled range halfway around the world up to near sonic cruise speeds with large payloads. It is shown that supercritical LFC airfoils with undercut front and rear lower surfaces, an upper surface static pressure coefficient distribution with an extensive low supersonic flat rooftop, a far upstream supersonic pressure minimum, and a steep subsonic rear pressure rise with suction or a slotted cruise flap could alleviate sweep-induced crossflow and attachment-line boundary-layer instability. Wing-mounted superfans can reduce fuel consumption and engine tone noise.
Long-range dynamic effects under corpuscular irradiation. Radiation methods of materials treatment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The paper is dedicated to analysis of various aspects of ionizing radiation effects on materials and substantiates a special role of radiation-dynamic effects on metastable media. It is shown that energy release in the region of a cascade, which may reach 0.5 eV/atom and higher, is sufficient to initiate metastable media transition to states with much lower free energy. It was established that, even with a weak positive response of a medium (transformation balance), irradiation may initiate self-sustained phase transformations at the front of post-cascade shock waves. Such transformations explain the nature of long-range dynamic effects. 'Radiation annealing' of metals and alloys has been substantiated and implemented in practice as an alternative to furnace annealing: it takes place at lower temperatures and within a much shorter time. Methods improving electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties of materials have been developed. (authors)
Hadronization Scheme Dependence of Long-Range Azimuthal Harmonics in High Energy p+A Reactions
Esposito, Angelo
2015-01-01
We compare the distortion effects of three popular final state hadronization schemes that modify the initial-state gluon azimuthal harmonic correlations in high energy p+A collisions. The three models considered are (1) LPH: local parton-hadron duality, (2) CPR: collinear parton-hadron resonance independent fragmenation, and (3) LUND: color string hadronization. Strong initial-state multi-gluon azimuthal correlations are generated using the non-abelian beam jet bremsstrahlung GLVB model, assuming a saturation scale Qsat = 2 GeV. Long-range final hadron pair elliptic and triangular harmonics are compared based on the three hadronization schemes. Our analysis shows that the hadron level harmonics are strongly hadronization scheme dependent in the low pT < 3 GeV domain.
Oxygen vacancy defects in Ta2O5 showing long-range atomic re-arrangements
Guo, Yuzheng; Robertson, John
2014-03-01
The structure, formation energy, and energy levels of the various oxygen vacancies in Ta2O5 have been calculated using the λ phase model. The intra-layer vacancies give rise to unusual, long-range bonding rearrangements, which are different for each defect charge state. The 2-fold coordinated intra-layer vacancy is the lowest cost vacancy and forms a deep level 1.5 eV below the conduction band edge. The 3-fold intra-layer vacancy and the 2-fold inter-layer vacancy are higher cost defects, and form shallower levels. The unusual bonding rearrangements lead to low oxygen migration barriers, which are useful for resistive random access memory applications.
Control of long range turbulent transport with biasing in the tokamak scrape-off-layer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cross field transport in the SOL (scrape-off-layer) influences tokamak performance in particular regarding the divertor efficiency. Recent experiment evidence emphasizes non-exponential and/or flat SOL profiles that suggest a large perpendicular transport. A 2-dimensional fluid model based on the interchange instability to simulate the SOL turbulence was found to exhibits intermittent dynamics of the particle flux. We propose a control method that prevents long range transport events from reaching the far SOL: It consists in biasing the far SOL leading to a transport barrier which stops the propagation of these intermittent events. The best trade off is to localize the biased toroidal ring around the baffles. We show that such a control is achievable providing the strength of the barrier is strong enough. The investigation of the minimal biasing power required to achieve the control as well as its experimental estimate is performed. (authors)
Interference phenomena and long-range proximity effect in superconductor/ferromagnet systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the novel interference mechanism of the long-range proximity effect in superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor (SFS) structures in the ballistic regime. Even a small non-collinear magnetic domain near the center of a ferromagnetic weak link is shown to restore the singlet supercurrent inherent to the normal metal. The underlying physics of the effect is the magnetic scattering of the Cooper pair by the domain, which reverses total momentum of the pair in the ferromagnet and thus compensates the phase gain before and after the spin-flip scattering. The above phenomenon opens a way to easily control the properties of SFS junctions and, inversely, to manipulate the magnetic moment via the Josephson current
High-resolution polarization analysis study of long-range magnetic order in cuprates
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We demonstrate how x-ray nonresonant magnetic scattering can be successfully used to study long-range-ordered spin-(1/2) moments in cuprates. We studied the antiferromagnetic state characterized by qAF=(1/2,1/2,0), in high-quality single crystals of yttrium barium copper oxides, YBa2Cu3O6+x (x∼0.14 and ∼0.20). We found magnetic correlation lengths of at least ∼1000 A in all directions. The polarization analysis and momentum dependence of magnetic Bragg peaks are consistent with the magnetic scattering cross section. No detectable magnetic scattering corresponding to (1/2,1/2,1/2) was observed
Effective-medium approximation for lattice random walks with long-range jumps
Thiel, Felix; Sokolov, Igor M.
2016-07-01
We consider the random walk on a lattice with random transition rates and arbitrarily long-range jumps. We employ Bruggeman's effective-medium approximation (EMA) to find the disorder-averaged (coarse-grained) dynamics. The EMA procedure replaces the disordered system with a cleverly guessed reference system in a self-consistent manner. We give necessary conditions on the reference system and discuss possible physical mechanisms of anomalous diffusion. In the case of a power-law scaling between transition rates and distance, lattice variants of Lévy-flights emerge as the effective medium, and the problem is solved analytically, bearing the effective anomalous diffusivity. Finally, we discuss several example distributions and demonstrate very good agreement with numerical simulations.
Mechanism of giant Goos–Hänchen effect enhanced by long-range surface plasmon excitation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The giant Goos–Hänchen shift on a long-range surface plasmon (LRSP) configuration is examined theoretically. This lateral shift at the resonance of the LRSP can be two orders of magnitude greater than a wavelength. The analytical formulas of the radiative damping and the intrinsic damping of the LRSP are derived. It is found that the thicknesses of the second medium and the metal film determine the radiative damping and the intrinsic damping is illuminated by the imaginary part of the dielectric constant of the metal. Negative lateral beam shift occurs when the intrinsic damping is larger than the radiative damping. The theoretical results show good agreement with the predictions of the formulas
Stavreva, Diana A; Coulon, Antoine; Baek, Songjoon; Sung, Myong-Hee; John, Sam; Stixova, Lenka; Tesikova, Martina; Hakim, Ofir; Miranda, Tina; Hawkins, Mary; Stamatoyannopoulos, John A; Chow, Carson C; Hager, Gordon L
2015-06-01
Although physiological steroid levels are often pulsatile (ultradian), the genomic effects of this pulsatility are poorly understood. By utilizing glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling as a model system, we uncovered striking spatiotemporal relationships between receptor loading, lifetimes of the DNase I hypersensitivity sites (DHSs), long-range interactions, and gene regulation. We found that hormone-induced DHSs were enriched within ± 50 kb of GR-responsive genes and displayed a broad spectrum of lifetimes upon hormone withdrawal. These lifetimes dictate the strength of the DHS interactions with gene targets and contribute to gene regulation from a distance. Our results demonstrate that pulsatile and constant hormone stimulations induce unique, treatment-specific patterns of gene and regulatory element activation. These modes of activation have implications for corticosteroid function in vivo and for steroid therapies in various clinical settings. PMID:25677181
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Charusiri, W.; Eua-arporn, B.; Ubonwat, J. [Chulalongkorn Univ., Bangkok (Thailand). Energy Research Inst.
2008-07-01
In 2004, the total energy consumption in Thailand increased 8.8 per cent, from 47,806 to 60,260 ktoe. Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) is an accounting tool that simulates future energy scenarios. According to a Business As Usual (BAU) case, the overall energy demand in Thailand is estimated to increase from 61,262 to 254,200 ktoe between 2004 and 2030. Commercial energy consumption, which comprises petroleum products, natural gas, coal and its products, and electricity, increased by 9.0 per cent in Thailand in 2004, and new and renewable energy increased by 7.8 per cent. Nearly 60 per cent of the total commercial energy supply in Thailand was imported and increased for a fifth year in a row. The changes in energy consumption can be attributed to population growth and increase in economic activity and development. 10 refs., 5 tabs., 14 figs.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In 2004, the total energy consumption in Thailand increased 8.8 per cent, from 47,806 to 60,260 ktoe. Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) is an accounting tool that simulates future energy scenarios. According to a Business As Usual (BAU) case, the overall energy demand in Thailand is estimated to increase from 61,262 to 254,200 ktoe between 2004 and 2030. Commercial energy consumption, which comprises petroleum products, natural gas, coal and its products, and electricity, increased by 9.0 per cent in Thailand in 2004, and new and renewable energy increased by 7.8 per cent. Nearly 60 per cent of the total commercial energy supply in Thailand was imported and increased for a fifth year in a row. The changes in energy consumption can be attributed to population growth and increase in economic activity and development. 10 refs., 5 tabs., 14 figs
Brandenburg, J G; Ruzsinszky, A; Sun, J; Perdew, J P
2016-01-01
The strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) semilocal density functional [J. Sun, A. Ruzsinszky, J. P. Perdew \\textit{Phys. Rev. Lett.} {\\bf 115}, 036402 (2015)] obeys all 17 known exact constraints for meta-generalized-gradient approximations (meta-GGA) and includes some medium range correlation effects. Long-range London dispersion interactions are still missing, but can be accounted for via an appropriate correction scheme. In this study, we combine SCAN with an efficient London dispersion correction and show that lattice energies of simple organic crystals can be improved with the applied correction by 50\\%. The London-dispersion corrected SCAN meta-GGA outperforms all other tested London-dispersion corrected meta-GGAs for molecular geometries. Our new method delivers mean absolute deviations (MADs) for main group bond lengths that are consistently below 1\\,pm, rotational constants with MADs of 0.2\\%, and noncovalent distances with MADs below 1\\%. For a large database of general main group th...
Conductance fluctuations in graphene in the presence of long-range disorder
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The fluctuations in the conductance of graphene that arise from a long-range disorder potential induced by random impurities are investigated with an atomic tight-binding lattice. The screened impurities lead to a slow variation of the background potential and this varies the overall potential landscape as the Fermi energy or an applied magnetic field is varied. As a result, the phase interference varies randomly and leads to fluctuations in the conductance. Recently, experiments have shown that an applied magnetic field produces a remarkable reduction in the amplitude of these conductance fluctuations. We find qualitative agreement with these experiments, and it appears that the reduction in magnetic field of the fluctuations arises from a field induced smoothing of the conductance landscape. (paper)
Long range nanostructuring of silicon surfaces by photonic nanojets from microsphere Langmuir films
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Large arrays of sub-micrometre blind holes and with a filling ratio up to 60% on areas of millimetre square are realized on silicon. The structuration ensues from combining both Langmuir–Blodgett deposition technique and ultraviolet nanosecond laser-assisted photonic nanojet ablation through C18 functionalized silica microspheres. Different laser fluence ranges and numbers of laser shots are studied to understand the tradeoff between size, quality of the craters and surface morphology after laser irradiation. In particular, tuning the irradiation fluence yields selectivity of the characteristic lateral dimension of the imprinted craters on the substrate and laser operation in multishot mode allows obtaining high quality and regularity of the surface morphology of the resulting millimetre square arrays of holes. This simple, fast, long-range and low-cost near-field nanolithography technique is of interest for fabricating devices with new functionalities and finds applications in many fields in nanoscience and nanoengineering. (paper)
Large magnetoresistance from long-range interface coupling in armchair graphene nanoribbon junctions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Li, Suchun [Department of Physics, Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117551 (Singapore); Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis, Singapore 138632 (Singapore); NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 28 Medical Drive, Singapore 117456 (Singapore); Son, Young-Woo [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Quek, Su Ying, E-mail: phyqsy@nus.edu.sg [Department of Physics, Centre for Advanced 2D Materials and Graphene Research Centre, National University of Singapore, 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117551 (Singapore); Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis, Singapore 138632 (Singapore)
2014-12-15
In recent years, bottom-up synthesis procedures have achieved significant advancements in atomically controlled growth of several-nanometer-long graphene nanoribbons with armchair-shaped edges (AGNRs). This greatly encourages us to explore the potential of such well-defined AGNRs in electronics and spintronics. Here, we propose an AGNR based spin valve architecture that induces a large magnetoresistance up to 900%. We find that, when an AGNR is connected perpendicularly to zigzag-shaped edges, the AGNR allows for long-range extension of the otherwise localized edge state. The huge magnetoresistance is a direct consequence of the coupling of two such extended states from both ends of the AGNR, which forms a perfect transmission channel. By tuning the coupling between these two spin-polarized states with a magnetic field, the channel can be destroyed, leading to an abrupt drop in electron transmission.
Impact of previous one-step variation in positively long-range correlated processes
Fu, Zuntao; Xie, Fenghua; Yuan, Naiming; Piao, Lin
2016-04-01
In a positively long-range correlated process, variations among consecutive steps are interdependent, especially the influence of previous one-step variation on next steps. How to quantify this kind of impact is of great importance to predict the future variations. In this paper, we demonstrate that this kind of impact depends on the memory strength of underlying processes from two aspects based on the theoretical and observational calculations. More precisely, the conditional calculations and the marginal distribution of the next step variation with given distribution of the previous one-step variation. Both the theoretical and observational calculations demonstrate that the previous one-step variation affect greatly the variation for the next one-step, and the expectation of next step variation will shift to larger value as the increase of memory strength but with a much smaller uncertainty. This is beneficial for our one-step ahead prediction, and will be especially beneficial for multi-step ahead prediction.
Four-body long-range interactions between ultracold weakly-bound diatomic molecules
Lepers, Maxence; Luc-Koenig, Eliane; Dulieu, Olivier
2015-01-01
Using the multipolar expansion of electrostatic and magnetostatic potential energies, we characterize the long-range interactions between two weakly-bound diatomic molecules, taking as an example the paramagnetic Er$_2$ Feshbach molecules which were produced recently. Since inside each molecule, individual atoms conserve their identity, the intermolecular potential energy can be expanded as the sum of pairwise atomic potential energies. In the case of Er$_2$ Feshbach molecules, we show that the interaction between atomic magnetic dipoles gives rise to the usual $R^{-3}$ term of the multipolar expansion, with $R$ the intermolecular distance, but also to additional terms scaling as $R^{-5}$, $R^{-7}$, and so on. Those terms are due to the interaction between effective molecular multipole moments, and are strongly anisotropic with respect to the orientation of the molecules. Similarly the atomic pairwise van der Waals interaction results in $R^{-6}$, $R^{-8}$, ... terms in the intermolecular potential energy. By...
A Study of LoRa: Long Range & Low Power Networks for the Internet of Things.
Augustin, Aloÿs; Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Townsley, William Mark
2016-01-01
LoRa is a long-range, low-power, low-bitrate, wireless telecommunications system, promoted as an infrastructure solution for the Internet of Things: end-devices use LoRa across a single wireless hop to communicate to gateway(s), connected to the Internet and which act as transparent bridges and relay messages between these end-devices and a central network server. This paper provides an overview of LoRa and an in-depth analysis of its functional components. The physical and data link layer performance is evaluated by field tests and simulations. Based on the analysis and evaluations, some possible solutions for performance enhancements are proposed. PMID:27618064
Large magnetoresistance from long-range interface coupling in armchair graphene nanoribbon junctions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In recent years, bottom-up synthesis procedures have achieved significant advancements in atomically controlled growth of several-nanometer-long graphene nanoribbons with armchair-shaped edges (AGNRs). This greatly encourages us to explore the potential of such well-defined AGNRs in electronics and spintronics. Here, we propose an AGNR based spin valve architecture that induces a large magnetoresistance up to 900%. We find that, when an AGNR is connected perpendicularly to zigzag-shaped edges, the AGNR allows for long-range extension of the otherwise localized edge state. The huge magnetoresistance is a direct consequence of the coupling of two such extended states from both ends of the AGNR, which forms a perfect transmission channel. By tuning the coupling between these two spin-polarized states with a magnetic field, the channel can be destroyed, leading to an abrupt drop in electron transmission
Long-range interactions between the alkali-metal atoms and alkaline earth ions
Kaur, Jasmeet; Arora, Bindiya; Sahoo, B K
2014-01-01
Accurate knowledge of interaction potentials among the alkali atoms and alkaline earth ions is very useful in the studies of cold atom physics. Here we carry out theoretical studies of the long-range interactions among the Li, Na, K, and Rb alkali atoms with the Ca$^+$, Ba$^+$, Sr$^+$, and Ra$^+$ alkaline earth ions systematically which are largely motivated by their importance in a number of applications. These interactions are expressed as a power series in the inverse of the internuclear separation $R$. Both the dispersion and induction components of these interactions are determined accurately from the algebraic coefficients corresponding to each power combination in the series. Ultimately, these coefficients are expressed in terms of the electric multipole polarizabilities of the above mentioned systems which are calculated using the matrix elements obtained from a relativistic coupled-cluster method and core contributions to these quantities from the random phase approximation. We also compare our estim...
Long-range angular correlation in dissipative reaction of 27Al+27A1
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
Angular correlation of excitation functions in dissipative heavy ion collision 27Al+27A1 has been measured. The incident beam energies ranged from 114MeV to 127 MeV in steps of 200keV. The angular analysis region was continuous from 50° to 90° in the center of mass system. An angular coherent width, at least 40°, was obtained. This long-range angular correlation could not be interpreted in the framework of the standard statistical reaction theory with state of equilibrium or near equilibrium, maybe it reveals the formation of a new kind ofdissipative structure in the reaction of 27Al+27A1 with the state that is far from equilibrium.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiaoqiang Sun
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The fabrication and characterization of a thermal variable optical attenuator based on long-range surface plasmon polariton (LRSPP waveguide with multimode interference architecture were investigated. The surface morphology and waveguide configuration of Au stripe were studied by atomic force microscopy. The fluctuation of refractive index of poly(methyl-methacrylate-glycidyl-methacrylate polymer cladding was confirmed to be less than 3×10-4 within 8 h curing at 120°C. The end-fire excitation of LRSPP mode guiding at 1550 nm along Au stripe indicated that the extinction ratio of attenuator was about 12 dB at a driving power of 69 mW. The measured optical rise time and fall time are 0.57 and 0.87 ms, respectively. These favorable properties promise potentials of this plasmonic device in the application of optical interconnection.
Kondo spin liquid and magnetically long-range ordered states in the Kondo necklace model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A simplified version of the symmetric Kondo lattice model, the Kondo necklace model, is studied by using a representation of impurity and conduction electron spins in terms of local Kondo singlet and triplet operators. Within a mean field theory, a spin gap always appears in the spin triplet excitation spectrum in 1D, leading to a Kondo spin liquid state for any finite values of coupling strength t/J (with t as hopping and J as exchange); in 2D and 3D cubic lattices the spin gaps are found to vanish continuously around (t/J)c ∼ 0.70 and (t/J)c ∼ 0.38, respectively, where quantum phase transitions occur and the Kondo spin liquid state changes into an antiferromagnetically long-range ordered state. These results are in agreement with variational Monte Carlo, higher-order series expansion, and recent quantum Monte Carlo calculations for the symmetric Kondo lattice model. (author)
Long-range and many-body effects in coagulation processes
Winkler, Anton A.; Frey, Erwin
2013-02-01
We study the problem of diffusing particles which coalesce upon contact. With the aid of a nonperturbative renormalization group, we first analyze the dynamics emerging below the critical dimension two, where strong fluctuations imply anomalously slow decay. Above two dimensions, the long-time, low-density behavior is known to conform with the law of mass action. For this case, we establish an exact mapping between the physics at the microscopic scale (lattice structure, particle shape and size) and the macroscopic decay rate in the law of mass action. In addition, we identify a term violating this classical law. It originates in long-range and many-particle fluctuations and is a simple, universal function of the macroscopic decay rate.
Exact results for long-range bridge-mediated electron transfer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The rate constant of long-range electron transfer is proportional to /VDA/2, where VDA is the electronic coupling between the donor and the acceptor. Particles located between the donor and the acceptor may increase the coupling by forming a bridge for electron tunneling. Analysing this effect, we derive an accurate asymptotic expression for VDA in the case when the interaction of an electron with the donor, the acceptor and the bridge is represented as a sum of the Dirac delta-functions. Comparing the exact results with those obtained by using the conventional approach based on combination of atomic orbitals, we show that the latter approach may overestimate VDA by several orders of magnitude. (authors)
8th Annual report 1999. UN ECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kleemola, S.; Forsius, M. [eds.
1999-07-01
The Integrated Monitoring Programme (ICP IM) is part of the Effects Monitoring Strategy under the UN ECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. The main aim of ICP IM is to provide a framework to observe and understand the complex changes occurring in the external environment. This report summarizes the work carried out by the ICP IM Programme Centre and several collaborating institutes. The emphasis of the report is in the work done during the programme year 1998/99 including: - a short summary of previous data assessments - a short status report of the ICP IM activities, content of the IM database, and the present geographical coverage of the monitoring network - a documentation of the scientific strategies to carry out data assessment on two priority topics: - assessment of heavy metal pools and fluxes - assessment of cause-effect relationships for understorey vegetation - a description of the WATBAL-model for estimating monthly water balance components, including soil water fluxes. (orig.)
A review on the long-range strategy of nuclear power development
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nuclear power generation in Japan is proceeding steadily, such as the world's second in power generating capacity and the nation's own development of power reactors. Meanwhile, however, there are number of problems for future solution, like the establishment of nuclear fuel cycle, before nuclear energy is fully harnessed. Looking as far ahead as the 21st century, the long-range strategy of nuclear power development is reviewed: politics on uranium supply outlook, a compromise between uranium enrichment and nuclear nonproliferation, LWR technology with safety, FBR development scheme, uranium resources saving and heavy water reactor, HTGR development, a 2nd fuel reprocessing plant, high level wastes management, reactors decommissioning, research in nuclear energy development, and fostering of a nuclear power industry. (J.P.N.)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Health and Safety Long-Range Plan: Fiscal years 1989--1995
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The health and safety of its personnel is the first concern of ORNL and its management. The ORNL Health and Safety Program has the responsibility for ensuring the health and safety of all individuals assigned to ORNL activities. This document outlines the principal aspects of the ORNL Health and Safety Long-Range Plan and provides a framework for management use in the future development of the health and safety program. Each section of this document is dedicated to one of the health and safety functions (i.e., health physics, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, industrial safety, nuclear criticality safety, nuclear facility safety, transportation safety, fire protection, and emergency preparedness). Each section includes functional mission and objectives, program requirements and status, a summary of program needs, and program data and funding summary. Highlights of FY 1988 are included
Long-range correlations and charge transport properties of DNA sequences
Liu, Xiao-liang; Ren, Yi; Xie, Qiong-tao; Deng, Chao-sheng; Xu, Hui
2010-04-01
By using Hurst's analysis and transfer approach, the rescaled range functions and Hurst exponents of human chromosome 22 and enterobacteria phage lambda DNA sequences are investigated and the transmission coefficients, Landauer resistances and Lyapunov coefficients of finite segments based on above genomic DNA sequences are calculated. In a comparison with quasiperiodic and random artificial DNA sequences, we find that λ-DNA exhibits anticorrelation behavior characterized by a Hurst exponent 0.5
Long-range correlations and charge transport properties of DNA sequences
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Liu Xiaoliang, E-mail: xlliucsu@yahoo.com.c [College of Physical Science and Technology and College of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Ren, Yi [College of Physical Science and Technology and College of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Xie, Qiong-tao [Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education (Hunan Normal University), Changsha 410081 (China); Deng, Chao-sheng; Xu, Hui [College of Physical Science and Technology and College of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)
2010-04-26
By using Hurst's analysis and transfer approach, the rescaled range functions and Hurst exponents of human chromosome 22 and enterobacteria phage lambda DNA sequences are investigated and the transmission coefficients, Landauer resistances and Lyapunov coefficients of finite segments based on above genomic DNA sequences are calculated. In a comparison with quasiperiodic and random artificial DNA sequences, we find that lambda-DNA exhibits anticorrelation behavior characterized by a Hurst exponent 0.5
Long-range correlation energy calculated from coupled atomic response functions
Ambrosetti, Alberto; DiStasio, Robert A; Tkatchenko, Alexandre
2013-01-01
An accurate determination of the electron correlation energy is essential for describing the structure, stability, and function in a wide variety of systems, ranging from gas-phase molecular assemblies to condensed matter and organic/inorganic interfaces. Even small errors in the correlation energy can have a large impact on the description of chemical and physical properties in the systems of interest. In this context, the development of efficient approaches for the accurate calculation of the long-range correlation energy (and hence dispersion) is the main challenge. In the last years a number of methods have been developed to augment density functional approximations via dispersion energy corrections, but most of these approaches ignore the intrinsic many-body nature of correlation effects, leading to inconsistent and sometimes even qualitatively incorrect predictions. Here we build upon the recent many-body dispersion (MBD) framework, which is intimately linked to the random-phase approximation for the co...
Common long-range dependence in a panel of hourly Nord Pool electricity prices and loads
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ergemen, Yunus Emre; Haldrup, Niels; Rodríguez-Caballero, Carlos Vladimir
costs of the underlying production technology and because the demand is more volatile than the supply, equilibrium prices and loads are argued to identify the periodic power supply curve. The estimated supply elasticities are estimated from fractionally co-integrated relations and range between 0.5 and......Equilibrium electricity spot prices and loads are often determined simultaneously in a day-ahead auction market for each hour of the subsequent day. Hence daily observations of hourly prices take the form of a periodic panel rather than a time series of hourly observations. We consider novel panel...... data approaches to analyse the time series and the cross-sectional dependence of hourly Nord Pool electricity spot prices and loads for the period 2000-2013. Hourly electricity prices and loads data are characterized by strong serial long-range dependence in the time series dimension in addition to...
Khan, Asad; Krupin, Oleksiy; Lisicka-Skrzek, Ewa; Berini, Pierre
2011-08-01
Waveguides consisting of Au embedded in Cytop with micro-fluidic channels etched into the cladding are used for sensing via the propagation of long-range surface plasmons. Initially, a range of water/glycerol solutions with varying refractive indices were sequentially injected in a waveguide section in order to assess its bulk sensitivity and to find a solution supporting a strong high quality mode. Au waveguide surfaces were then functionalized with antibodies against Gram negative bacteria (Anti-Gneg) by first forming a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid (16-MHA) and subsequent conjugation with antibodies through carbodiimide chemistry. E.Coli XL-1 Blue was used as an analyte in static incubations. Wavelength sweeps of 16-MHA covered waveguides were compared against waveguides covered with E-coli. The results indicate that very few bacteria cells are required to obtain a measurable change in output signal.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Catechis, Christopher Spyros
2013-02-01
The property subject to this Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS) is located at the Oliktok Long Range Radar Station (LRRS). The Oliktok LRRS is located at 70%C2%B0 30' W latitude, 149%C2%B0 53' W longitude. It is situated at Oliktok Point on the shore of the Beaufort Sea, east of the Colville River. The purpose of this EBS is to document the nature, magnitude, and extent of any environmental contamination of the property; identify potential environmental contamination liabilities associated with the property; develop sufficient information to assess the health and safety risks; and ensure adequate protection for human health and the environment related to a specific property.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Health and Safety Long-Range Plan: Fiscal years 1989--1995
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1989-06-01
The health and safety of its personnel is the first concern of ORNL and its management. The ORNL Health and Safety Program has the responsibility for ensuring the health and safety of all individuals assigned to ORNL activities. This document outlines the principal aspects of the ORNL Health and Safety Long-Range Plan and provides a framework for management use in the future development of the health and safety program. Each section of this document is dedicated to one of the health and safety functions (i.e., health physics, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, industrial safety, nuclear criticality safety, nuclear facility safety, transportation safety, fire protection, and emergency preparedness). Each section includes functional mission and objectives, program requirements and status, a summary of program needs, and program data and funding summary. Highlights of FY 1988 are included.
Tailored long range forces on polarizable particles by collective scattering of broadband radiation
Holzmann, Daniela
2016-01-01
Collective coherent light scattering by polarizable particles creates surprisingly strong, long range inter-particle forces originating from interference of the light scattered by different particles. While for monochromatic laser beams this interaction decays with the inverse distance, we show here that in general the effective interaction range and geometry can be controlled by the illumination bandwidth and geometry. As generic example we study the modifications inter-particle forces within a 1D chain of atoms trapped in the field of a confined optical nanofiber mode. For two particles we find short range attraction as well as optical binding at multiple distances. The range of stable distances shrinks with increasing light bandwidth and for a very large bandwidth field as e.g. blackbody radiation we find a strongly attractive potential up to a critical distance beyond which the force gets repulsive. Including multiple scattering can even lead to the appearance of a stable configuration at a large distance...
Hadronization scheme dependence of long-range azimuthal harmonics in high energy p + A reactions
Esposito, Angelo; Gyulassy, Miklos
2015-07-01
We compare the distortion effects of three popular final-state hadronization schemes. We show how hadronization modifies the initial-state gluon correlations in high energy p + A collisions. The three models considered are (1) LPH: local parton-hadron duality, (2) CPR: collinear parton-hadron resonance independent fragmentation, and (3) LUND: color string hadronization. The strong initial-state azimuthal asymmetries are generated using the GLVB model for non-abelian gluon bremsstrahlung, assuming a saturation scale Qsat = 2 GeV. Long-range elliptic and triangular harmonics for the final hadron pairs are compared based on the three hadronization schemes. Our analysis shows that the process of hadronization causes major distortions of the partonic azimuthal harmonics for transverse momenta at least up to pT = 3 GeV. In particular, they appear to be greatly reduced for pT < 1 ÷ 2 GeV.
Discrete solitons in waveguide arrays with long-range linearly coupled effect
Mai, Zhijie; Wu, Jianxiong; Li, Yongyao
2014-01-01
We study the influences to the discrete soliton (DS) by introducing linearly long-range nonlocal interactions, which give rise to the off-diagonal elements of the linearly coupled matrix in the discrete nonlinear schrodinger equation to be filled by non-zero terms. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulations find that the DS under this circumstance can exhibit strong digital effects: the fundamental DS is a narrow one, which occupies nearly only one waveguide, the dipole and double-monopole solitons, which occupy two waveguides, can be found in self-focusing and -defocusing nonlinearities, respectively. Stable flat-top solitons and their stagger counterparts, which occupy a controllable number of waveguides, can also be obtained through this system. Such digital properties may give rise to additional data processing applications and have potential in fabricating digital optical devices in all-optical networks.
Universal threshold for the dynamical behavior of lattice systems with long-range interactions.
Bachelard, Romain; Kastner, Michael
2013-04-26
Dynamical properties of lattice systems with long-range pair interactions, decaying like 1/r(α) with the distance r, are investigated, in particular the time scales governing the relaxation to equilibrium. Upon varying the interaction range α, we find evidence for the existence of a threshold at α=d/2, dependent on the spatial dimension d, at which the relaxation behavior changes qualitatively and the corresponding scaling exponents switch to a different regime. Based on analytical as well as numerical observations in systems of vastly differing nature, ranging from quantum to classical, from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic, and including a variety of lattice structures, we conjecture this threshold and some of its characteristic properties to be universal. PMID:23679698