WorldWideScience

Sample records for basketball

  1. Basketball Bowling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Chris; Cooper, Michael; Petrie, Heather

    2006-01-01

    Basketball bowling was developed after students in the authors' physical education class participated in a bowling unit sponsored through Bowl America. Basketball bowling is a lead-up activity for elementary-age students that incorporates basic skills from basketball and bowling. The general object of this activity is to be the first team to roll…

  2. Safety Tips: Basketball (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Safety Tips: Basketball KidsHealth > For Parents > Safety Tips: Basketball Print A ... possible, make sure they follow these tips. Why Basketball Safety Is Important Fortunately, very few basketball injuries ...

  3. Physics of basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brancazio, Peter J.

    1981-04-01

    Does a knowledge of physics help to improve one's basketball skills? Several applications of physical principles to the game of basketball are examined. The kinematics of a basketball shot is studied, and criteria are established for determining the best shooting angle at any given distance from the basket. It is found that there is an optimum shooting angle which requires the smallest launching force and provides the greatest margin for error. Some simple classroom illustrations of Newtonian mechanics based on basketball are also suggested.

  4. Special Basketball Player

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Li Qing, the Beijing Mentally Challcngcd Basketball Tcam guard, plays under the same number as NBA star Kobe - eight. Li and his team enjoy their lives to the full, particularly playing basketball. Their favorite topics of conversation are computer games and NBA stars. Studying and playing basketball are the epicenter of Li Qing’s life. At the training ground, a two hour drive from his home, demands on Li and the rest of the team are as strict as for any sports team. The

  5. Kettlebell training for basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Kuivalainen, Tero

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this project is to help basketball players to become better players by improving their athletic appearance, and to provide players and coaches with the teaching video that will include the technique points and lifts that are useful for basketball players. The video consists of three main chapters: written part, introduction, and exercises. Each chapter is divided in subcategories. Written part includes information about safety procedures, learning and teaching the lifts, a...

  6. Optimal Strategy in Basketball

    CERN Document Server

    Skinner, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This book chapter reviews some of the major principles associated with optimal strategy in basketball. In particular, we consider the principles of allocative efficiency (optimal allocation of shots between offensive options), dynamic efficiency (optimal shot selection in the face of pressure from the shot clock), and the risk/reward tradeoff (strategic manipulation of outcome variance). For each principle, we provide a simple example of a strategic problem and show how it can be described analytically. We then review general analytical results and provide an overview of existing statistical studies. A number of open challenges in basketball analysis are highlighted.

  7. The basketball problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröer, H.

    In basketball there is the problem of hitting a basket at a determined distance and a determined height. The quantities that can be changed during the inclined throw are the initial velocity and the angle of throw. At first we neglect the air resistance. Then we treat the same problem in a medium (liquid, gas) with constant density. We obtain two differential equations. Then we view special cases of the retarding force. There is an english and a german edition.

  8. Teaching Physics with Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanpichai, N.; Wattanakasiwich, P.

    2010-07-01

    Recently, technologies and computer takes important roles in learning and teaching, including physics. Advance in technologies can help us better relating physics taught in the classroom to the real world. In this study, we developed a module on teaching a projectile motion through shooting a basketball. Students learned about physics of projectile motion, and then they took videos of their classmates shooting a basketball by using the high speed camera. Then they analyzed videos by using Tracker, a video analysis and modeling tool. While working with Tracker, students learned about the relationships between three kinematics graphs. Moreover, they learned about a real projectile motion (with an air resistance) through modeling tools. Students' abilities to interpret kinematics graphs were investigated before and after the instruction by using the Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics (TUG-K). The maximum normalized gain or is 0.77, which indicated students' improvement in determining displacement from the velocity-time graph. The minimum is 0.20, which indicated that most students still have difficulties interpreting the change in velocity from the acceleration-time graph. Results from evaluation questionnaires revealed that students also satisfied with the instructions that related physics contents to shooting basketball.

  9. Basketball shot types and shot success in different levels of competitive basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Frane Erčulj; Erik Štrumbelj

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of our research was to investigate the relative frequencies of different types of basketball shots (above head, hook shot, layup, dunk, tip-in), some details about their technical execution (one-legged, two-legged, drive, cut, …), and shot success in different levels of basketball competitions. We analysed video footage and categorized 5024 basketball shots from 40 basketball games and 5 different levels of competitive basketball (National Basketball Association (NBA), Euroleague,...

  10. Basketball injuries in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaca, Ana Maria [Duke University Health Systems, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States); McGovern-Davison Children' s Health Center, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States)

    2009-12-15

    Basketball is a popular, worldwide sport played outdoors and indoors year-round. Patterns of injury are related to abrupt changes in the athlete's direction, jumping, contact between athletes, the hard playing surface and paucity of protective equipment. Intensity of play and training in the quest of scholarships and professional careers is believed to contribute to an increasing occurrence of injury. Radiologists' appreciation of the breadth of injury and its relation to imaging and clinical findings should enhance the care of these children. Some of the patterns of injury are well known to radiologists but vary due to age- and size-related changes; the growing skeleton is affected by differing susceptibilities from biomechanical stresses at different sizes. Beyond screening radiographs, the accuracy of MRI and CT has improved diagnosis and treatment plans in this realm. Investigations to detect symptoms and signs in an attempt to prevent the tragedy of sudden cardiac death in basketball players may lead to MRI and CTA studies that compel radiologists to evaluate cardiac function along with myocardial and coronary artery anatomy. Worthy of mention also is the female athlete triad of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis that is observed in some young women participating in this and other sports. (orig.)

  11. Basketball injuries in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basketball is a popular, worldwide sport played outdoors and indoors year-round. Patterns of injury are related to abrupt changes in the athlete's direction, jumping, contact between athletes, the hard playing surface and paucity of protective equipment. Intensity of play and training in the quest of scholarships and professional careers is believed to contribute to an increasing occurrence of injury. Radiologists' appreciation of the breadth of injury and its relation to imaging and clinical findings should enhance the care of these children. Some of the patterns of injury are well known to radiologists but vary due to age- and size-related changes; the growing skeleton is affected by differing susceptibilities from biomechanical stresses at different sizes. Beyond screening radiographs, the accuracy of MRI and CT has improved diagnosis and treatment plans in this realm. Investigations to detect symptoms and signs in an attempt to prevent the tragedy of sudden cardiac death in basketball players may lead to MRI and CTA studies that compel radiologists to evaluate cardiac function along with myocardial and coronary artery anatomy. Worthy of mention also is the female athlete triad of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis that is observed in some young women participating in this and other sports. (orig.)

  12. Ankle injuries in basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leanderson, J; Nemeth, G; Eriksson, E

    1993-01-01

    We carried out a retrospective study of the frequency of ankle sprains in basketball players. A questionnaire about previous ankle injuries, time off after such injuries, current ankle problems, personal data, number of practice hours and the use of prophylactic measures was sent out to 102 basketball players in a second division league in Sweden. Ninety-six players answered. 92% of them had suffered an ankle sprain while playing basketball, and of these 83% reported repeated sprains of one ankle. In the last two seasons, 78% of the players had injured at least one ankle. The injury frequency in the investigation was 5.5 ankle injuries per 1000 activity hours. 22% of the players used some kind of prophylactic support of their ankle joints. Because of the great number of ankle sprains and the disability in terms of time away from sports that they cause, prevention of these injuries is essential. PMID:8536029

  13. Injuries in Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKOLAOS KOSTOPOULOS & DIMITRIOS PHILLIPOU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ninety players of 8 teams in 2 male team basketball senior divisions were observed prospectively for 1 season to study the injury incidence in relation to exposure in games and practices. Forty-six injuries were recorded. Injury incidence was evaluated at 2.5 injuries per 1000 player-hours, with a significantly higher incidence in game injuries (14.3 injuries per 1000 game-hours compared with practice injuries(0.6 injuries per 1000 practice-hours.Practice injury incidence was higher in the lower performance level group, and game injury incidence was higher in the high-level group. The upper extremity was involved in 37% of the injuries, and the lower extremity in 54%.The knee was the most commonly injured joint, followed by the finger, ankle, and shoulder. Knee injuries were the most severe injuries, and they were more frequent in high-level players. There was an increase in the severity of injury with respect to performance level. The injury mechanism revealed a high number of offensive injuries, one-third of them occurring during a counterattack. The injury pattern showed certain variations with respect to player position and performance level.

  14. Basketballs as spherical acoustic cavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Daniel A.

    2010-06-01

    The sound field resulting from striking a basketball is found to be rich in frequency content, with over 50 partials in the frequency range of 0-12 kHz. The frequencies are found to closely match theoretical expectations for standing wave patterns inside a spherical cavity. Because of the degenerate nature of the mode shapes, explicit identification of the modes is not possible without internal investigation with a microphone probe. A basketball proves to be an interesting application of a boundary value problem involving spherical coordinates.

  15. Children's Basketball Performance with Regulation and Junior-Sized Basketballs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood, Kathleen M.

    The smaller size and lower strength level of children may indicate that adaptations of sport-type games, such as basketball, are necessary to maximize skill performance. Children between the ages of 9.0 and 12.7 years were given two subtests of the Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Skills Test, the Speed Pass and Front Shot.…

  16. Globalisation and Women's Professional Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Berber

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Women’s basketball is a global game with professional leagues in Europe, Africa, Australia, Asia, and the Americas. The Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA in the US is the premier league for the sport. During the off-season, over 100 players from WNBA clubs compete professionally abroad to supplement their incomes. Traveling teams and their visiting friends, relatives, and fans place demands on tourism businesses. This study examines the global migration in women’s professional basketball, including players living and traveling abroad and their tourism impacts. In-depth interviews with the foreign players participating in the Turkish Women’s Basketball League 2011 All-Star Game in Eskişehir were conducted. The foreign all-stars spent on average $US 1200 per month in Turkey for living expenses during the season; most had been visited by family and/or friends since becoming a player in the Turkish league. The implications of professional sport team travel on league sponsorship and marketing strategies, tourism businesses, and host cities are discussed.

  17. Portable basketball rim testing device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, W. Bruce; Davis, Karl C.

    1993-01-01

    A portable basketball rim rebound testing device 10 is illustrated in two preferred embodiments for testing the rebound or energy absorption characteristics of a basketball rim 12 and its accompanying support to determine likely rebound or energy absorption charcteristics of the system. The apparatus 10 includes a depending frame 28 having a C-clamp 36 for releasably rigidly connecting the frame to the basketball rim 12. A glide weight 60 is mounted on a guide rod 52 permitting the weight 60 to be dropped against a calibrated spring 56 held on an abutment surface on the rod to generate for deflecting the basketball rim and then rebounding the weight upwardly. A photosensor 66 is mounted on the depending frame 28 to sense passage of reflective surfaces 75 on the weight to thereby obtain sufficient data to enable a processing means 26 to calculate the rebound velocity and relate it to an energy absorption percentage rate of the rim system 12. A readout is provided to display the energy absorption percentage.

  18. An Optimal Basketball Free Throw

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppala-Holtzman, David

    2012-01-01

    A basketball player attempting a free throw has two parameters under his or her control: the angle of elevation and the force with which the ball is thrown. We compute upper and lower bounds for the initial velocity for suitable values of the angle of elevation, generating a subset of the configuration space of all successful free throws. A…

  19. Women Basketball Pioneers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    In 1931, a Chinese women’s basketball team played amatch abroad for the first time. In that tournament against theJapanese, they achieved a stellar record of nine wins and onetie. The following story is based on the recollections of WangLan, who played guard for the team 67 years ago.

  20. Vectors on the Basketball Court

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    An Idea Bank published in the April/May 2009 issue of "The Science Teacher" describes an experiential physics lesson on vectors and vector addition (Brown 2009). Like its football predecessor, the basketball-based investigation presented in this Idea Bank addresses National Science Education Standards Content B, Physical Science, 9-12 (NRC 1996)…

  1. The Effect of Introducing a Smaller and Lighter Basketball on Female Basketball Players’ Shot Accuracy

    OpenAIRE

    Podmenik, Nadja; Leskošek, Bojan; Erčulj, Frane

    2012-01-01

    Our study examined whether the introduction of a smaller and lighter basketball (no. 6) affected the accuracy of female basketball players’ shots at the basket. The International Basketball Federation (FIBA) introduced a size 6 ball in the 2004/2005 season to improve the efficiency and accuracy of technical elements, primarily shots at the basket. The sample for this study included 573 European female basketball players who were members of national teams that had qualified for the senior wome...

  2. Requiring Competencies of Basketball Coaches in Greece

    OpenAIRE

    NIKOLAOS KOSTOPOULOS

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to identify the competencies of Basketball coaches in Greece. The current study is based on previous work done by Rodrigues et al, (11), and Tripolitsioti et al, (14,17), who measured competencies both in Portuguese basketball coaches and directors of indoor sport facilities in Greece. Two hundred and forty five basketball coaches of three Greek Divisions (first, second and third) participated in the study and completed the scale. Exploratory factor analy...

  3. Spectators’ Participation Decisions in the Basketball Matches

    OpenAIRE

    YILDIZ, Alper; KOÇAK, Settar; Altunsöz, Irmak Hürmeriç; Devrilmez, Erhan

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the motives of spectators to participate in a basketball match is important for increasing the number of spectators. Main purpose of this study was to analyze the selected variables that affect on spectators’ participation in basketball matches. Supporters of two Turkish professional basketball teams formed the sample of the study (n = 259). Spectators’ Participation Decision Scale was used to assess the factors that make participants decide to attend a match. Descriptive and Fa...

  4. The Massive Thermal Basketball Diagram

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, J O; Strickland, Michael T; Andersen, Jens O.; Braaten, Eric; Strickland, Michael

    2000-01-01

    The "basketball diagram" is a three-loop vacuum diagram for a scalar fieldtheory that cannot be expressed in terms of one-loop diagrams. We calculatethis diagram for a massive scalar field at nonzero temperature, reducing it toexpressions involving three-dimensional integrals that can be easily evaluatednumerically. We use this result to calculate the free energy for a massivescalar field with a phi^4 interaction to three-loop order.

  5. On Situation and Prevention of College Basketball Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baichao Xu

    2015-01-01

    Basketball is one of the favorite sports of the masses, in order to allow a more efficient conduct of basketball for the college student sports activities, it can play a positive role in promoting to enable students to love, enjoy basketball. This paper is to study the current situation and prevent the basketball damage.

  6. Training Visual Control in Wheelchair Basketball Shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Heubers, Sjoerd; Ruitenbeek, Jean-Rene J. A. C.; Janssen, Thomas W. J.

    2012-01-01

    We examined the effects of visual control training on expert wheelchair basketball shooting, a skill more difficult than in regular basketball, as players shoot from a seated position to the same rim height. The training consisted of shooting with a visual constraint that forced participants to use target information as late as possible.…

  7. Research on Development Mode of Foreign Competitive Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xianjiang, Zhou; Bin, Zong; Xianwu, Wu

    Adopting literature material method, survey and comparative method, the paper studies foreign competitive basketball, foreign competitive basketball on behalf of the State management system model, competitive basketball reserve personnel training and development mode system. Rely on different powers of the foreign competitive basketball from amateur to professional development; different modes of foreign competitive basketball management system; foreign competitive basketball back-up personnel training mode, the model on school training in America and other countries, mainly the club training mode in European countries; foreign model of development of competitive basketball, different from social guidance, in the combination operation mode of market regulation and government administrative intervention.

  8. Basketball shot types and shot success in different levels of competitive basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erčulj, Frane; Štrumbelj, Erik

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of our research was to investigate the relative frequencies of different types of basketball shots (above head, hook shot, layup, dunk, tip-in), some details about their technical execution (one-legged, two-legged, drive, cut, …), and shot success in different levels of basketball competitions. We analysed video footage and categorized 5024 basketball shots from 40 basketball games and 5 different levels of competitive basketball (National Basketball Association (NBA), Euroleague, Slovenian 1st Division, and two Youth basketball competitions). Statistical analysis with hierarchical multinomial logistic regression models reveals that there are substantial differences between competitions. However, most differences decrease or disappear entirely after we adjust for differences in situations that arise in different competitions (shot location, player type, and attacks in transition). Differences after adjustment are mostly between the Senior and Youth competitions: more shots executed jumping or standing on one leg, more uncategorised shot types, and more dribbling or cutting to the basket in the Youth competitions, which can all be attributed to lesser technical and physical ability of developing basketball players. The two discernible differences within the Senior competitions are that, in the NBA, dunks are more frequent and hook shots are less frequent compared to European basketball, which can be attributed to better athleticism of NBA players. The effect situational variables have on shot types and shot success are found to be very similar for all competitions. PMID:26038836

  9. METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAINING STUDENT basketball teams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Considered the leading position of the preparation of basketball teams in high schools. The system includes the following: reliance on top-quality players in the structure of preparedness, widespread use of visual aids, teaching movies and cartoons with a record of technology implementation of various methods by professional basketball players, the application of the methods of autogenic and ideomotor training according to our methodology. The study involved 63 students 1.5 courses from various universities of Kharkov 1.2 digits: 32 experimental group and 31 - control. The developed system of training students, basketball players used within 1 year. The efficiency of the developed system in the training process of students, basketball players.

  10. Basketball teams as strategic networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer H Fewell

    Full Text Available We asked how team dynamics can be captured in relation to function by considering games in the first round of the NBA 2010 play-offs as networks. Defining players as nodes and ball movements as links, we analyzed the network properties of degree centrality, clustering, entropy and flow centrality across teams and positions, to characterize the game from a network perspective and to determine whether we can assess differences in team offensive strategy by their network properties. The compiled network structure across teams reflected a fundamental attribute of basketball strategy. They primarily showed a centralized ball distribution pattern with the point guard in a leadership role. However, individual play-off teams showed variation in their relative involvement of other players/positions in ball distribution, reflected quantitatively by differences in clustering and degree centrality. We also characterized two potential alternate offensive strategies by associated variation in network structure: (1 whether teams consistently moved the ball towards their shooting specialists, measured as "uphill/downhill" flux, and (2 whether they distributed the ball in a way that reduced predictability, measured as team entropy. These network metrics quantified different aspects of team strategy, with no single metric wholly predictive of success. However, in the context of the 2010 play-offs, the values of clustering (connectedness across players and network entropy (unpredictability of ball movement had the most consistent association with team advancement. Our analyses demonstrate the utility of network approaches in quantifying team strategy and show that testable hypotheses can be evaluated using this approach. These analyses also highlight the richness of basketball networks as a dataset for exploring the relationships between network structure and dynamics with team organization and effectiveness.

  11. Virginia Tech Recreational Sports to host basketball officiating certification

    OpenAIRE

    Gehrt, Katie

    2009-01-01

    Love basketball? Want to become more involved with the game? Virginia Tech Recreational Sports is hosting High School Basketball Officiating Certification classes held in the McComas Hall conference room this fall semester.

  12. Hardiness and Situation Efficacy at Elite Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    Sindik, Josko; Adzija, Maja

    2013-01-01

    The main aims of the study were: to explore the latent structure of the construct of hardiness at Croatian top basketball players and to gain an understanding of the relationship between obtained hardiness dimensions and situation-related efficacy in basketball. Situation efficacy of individual basketball players in top teams is linked to the constellation of a number of relevant anthropological and specific psychological features that influence the behavior of basketball players in stressful...

  13. Development and Validation of the Basketball Offensive Game Performance Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Zhu, Weimo

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Basketball Offensive Game Performance Instrument (BOGPI) that assesses an individual player's offensive game performance competency in basketball. Twelve physical education teacher education (PETE) students playing two 10-minute, 3 vs. 3 basketball games were videotaped at end of a…

  14. Random Walk Picture of Basketball Scoring

    CERN Document Server

    Gabel, Alan

    2011-01-01

    We present evidence, based on play-by-play data from all 6087 games from the 2006/07--2009/10 seasons of the National Basketball Association (NBA), that basketball scoring is well described by a weakly-biased continuous-time random walk. The time between successive scoring events follows an exponential distribution, with little memory between different scoring intervals. Using this random-walk picture that is augmented by features idiosyncratic to basketball, we account for a wide variety of statistical properties of scoring, such as the distribution of the score difference between opponents and the fraction of game time that one team is in the lead. By further including the heterogeneity of team strengths, we build a computational model that accounts for essentially all statistical features of game scoring data and season win/loss records of each team.

  15. The price of anarchy in basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Brian

    2010-03-01

    Optimizing the performance of a basketball offense may be viewed as a network problem, wherein each play represents a ``pathway'' through which the ball and players may move from origin (the in-bounds pass) to goal (the basket). Effective field goal percentages from the resulting shot attempts can be used to characterize the efficiency of each pathway. Inspired by recent discussions of the ``price of anarchy'' in traffic networks, this paper makes a formal analogy between a basketball offense and a simplified traffic network. The analysis suggests that there may be a significant difference between taking the highest-percentage shot each time down the court and playing the most efficient possible game. There may also be an analogue of Braess's Paradox in basketball, such that removing a key player from a team can result in the improvement of the team's offensive efficiency.

  16. Power-strength curve in basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Romero; Helena Vila; Carmen Ferragut; Alcaraz, Pedro E

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the power-strength curve in a half squat exercise in trained basketball players of the EBA league. For that, a cross sectional, descriptive study was carried out to 8 high-level male basketball players. After controlling the participants 1RM, a progressive test, consisted on moving loads of 30, 45, 60, 70 and 80% of 1RM as fast as possible in the concentric phase, was performed. The participants showed the highest peak power output with loads of 45%...

  17. Who needs a referee? How incorrect basketball actions are automatically detected by basketball players' brain

    OpenAIRE

    Alice Mado Proverbio; Nicola Crotti; Mirella Manfredi; Roberta Adorni; Alberto Zani

    2012-01-01

    While the existence of a mirror neuron system (MNS) representing and mirroring simple purposeful actions (such as reaching) is known, neural mechanisms underlying the representation of complex actions (such as ballet, fencing, etc.) that are learned by imitation and exercise are not well understood. In this study, correct and incorrect basketball actions were visually presented to professional basketball players and naïve viewers while their EEG was recorded. The participants had to respond t...

  18. Requiring Competencies of Basketball Coaches in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKOLAOS KOSTOPOULOS

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this investigation was to identify the competencies of Basketball coaches in Greece. The current study is based on previous work done by Rodrigues et al, (11, and Tripolitsioti et al, (14,17, who measured competencies both in Portuguese basketball coaches and directors of indoor sport facilities in Greece. Two hundred and forty five basketball coaches of three Greek Divisions (first, second and third participated in the study and completed the scale. Exploratory factor analysis revealed 5 factors consisting of 21 competency statements: Sport science/practice (6 items, communication/leadership (5 items, first aid/risk management (2 items, computer skills (4 items, and programming 4 items. Moreover, the results demonstrated that first aid and training skills were the top rated competencies, following by management and computer skills, while facility & event management were the low rated competencies. These results validate that the successful basketball coaches didn’t only have training competencies, but management, computer skills, first aid, communication, facility management and event management.

  19. Kinematics of the free throw in basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, A.; Miller, G.

    1981-06-01

    The kinematics of the two basic styles of free throw in basketball are discussed. It is shown that from a purely kinematic and trajectory point of view, the overhand push shot is preferable to the underhand loop shot. The advantages of the underhand shot lie in the actual execution of the shot.

  20. Problem Solvers: Solutions--Playing Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    In this article, fourth grade Upper Allen Elementary School (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania) teacher Jeffrey Smith describes his exploration of the Playing Basketball activity. Herein he describes how he found the problem to be an effective way to review concepts associated with the measurement of elapsed time with his students. Additionally, it…

  1. The development of basketball attitude scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erman Öncü

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scaling tool to scale attitudes of university students’ towards basketball. Initiating this study, the basic starting point is necessity of examining of the scientific processes which are effective in the formation of attitudes towards basketball is one of today's the most popular sports. Therefore, in consideration with the fact that it is particularly necessary to determine the factors affecting attitudes, a study was carried out to develop and make available ‘Basketball Attitude Scale’. In 2005-2006 spring term, 76 female and 45 male, totally 121 university students from different universities in Ankara participated into the study. In the exploratory factor analysis conducted concerning 35 items in the scale in order to check validity of scale; it was determined that the scale is a 2-factor scale and the number of items was reduced to 21. Item load values are between 0,631 and 0,864. In order to test reliability of the scale, Cronbach Alfa reliability and two-halves test correlation (Spearman Brown coefficients were checked and the said values were found as 0,95 and 0,93 respectively. As a conclusion; it was determined in the outcome of the study of validity and reliability that the scale prepared for scaling attitudes of university students’ towards basketball is a practicable scaling tool.

  2. Application of Monte Carlo Simulations to Improve Basketball Shooting Strategy

    CERN Document Server

    Min, Byeong June

    2016-01-01

    The underlying physics of basketball shooting seems to be a straightforward example of the Newtonian mechanics that can easily be traced by numerical methods. However, a human basketball player does not make use of all the possible basketball trajectories. Instead, a basketball player will build up a database of successful shots and select the trajectory that has the greatest tolerance to small variations of the real world. We simulate the basketball player's shooting training as a Monte Carlo sequence to build optimal shooting strategies, such as the launch speed and angle of the basketball, and whether to take a direct shot or a bank shot, as a function of the player's court positions and height. The phase space volume that belongs to the successful launch velocities generated by Monte Carlo simulations are then used as the criterion to optimize a shooting strategy that incorporates not only mechanical, but human factors as well.

  3. Sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    Ito E; Iwamoto J; Azuma K; Matsumoto H

    2014-01-01

    Eri Ito, Jun Iwamoto, Koichiro Azuma, Hideo MatsumotoInstitute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players. According to our database, during the 20-year period between October 1991 and June 2011, 1,219 basketball players (640 males and 579 females) consulted our sports medicine clinic; in total, 1,414 injuries in basketball player...

  4. Gender Differences in Competitive Balance in Intercollegiate Basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Jaret Treber; Rachel Levy; Victor Matheson

    2011-01-01

    This paper adds to the literature on competitive balance in college sports by comparing men's and women's NCAA basketball. Using data from the Division I National Championships, we find evidence consistent with the idea that women’s college basketball is less competitively balanced than men’s college basketball. We argue that this difference may be explained by a theory of player ability borrowed from evolutionary biology first promulgated by paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould and subsequently ...

  5. COMPETITIVE STATE ANXIETY AMONG ADOLESCENT BASKETBALL PLAYERS DURING A TOURNAMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Gururaj Puranik; Basavaraj Dammalli

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the variation in competitive state anxiety among adolescent male basketball players during a tournament. In all 113 male basketball adolescent players, who represented ten schools of Dharwad district participated in basketball tournament constituted sample for the study. Tool ‘Sports Competitive State Anxiety Inventory – II’ was administered to the participants for 20 minutes prior to their match. The inventory provided scores on state cognitive anx...

  6. Facebook and Fan Communities : Basketball Clubs’ Social Media Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Danyarov, Elvin; Smart, Oscar

    2015-01-01

    The research examines and explores the differences and similarities between how the social media platform of Facebook is used in the context of the basketball industry. The research centers on the respective Finnish and Swedish basketball leagues. More precisely, the study scrutinizes nine basketball teams social media representatives – four Finnish and five Swedish – perceptions on how their respective sport clubs act on the medium of Facebook, through the use of relevant marketing theories....

  7. Basketball Surfaces and Coefficient of Restitution

    OpenAIRE

    Kristyn Peacock; Faith Pearson

    2015-01-01

    A basketball was released from varying drop heights to simulate the impact speeds of a typical soft, medium, and hard dribble. This was repeated across four different surfaces that students typically play on–exposed aggregate concrete, maple wood flooring, EPI Outdoor Sport flooring, and playground rubber mesh. From the measured drop and bounce heights, the coefficient of restitution(COR)was calculated. It was concluded that only playground rubber mesh had COR’s below the regula...

  8. A Random Walk Picture of Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Alan; Redner, Sidney

    2012-02-01

    We analyze NBA basketball play-by-play data and found that scoring is well described by a weakly-biased, anti-persistent, continuous-time random walk. The time between successive scoring events follows an exponential distribution, with little memory between events. We account for a wide variety of statistical properties of scoring, such as the distribution of the score difference between opponents and the fraction of game time that one team is in the lead.

  9. Peculiarities of psychical stability among basketball players of different performance level

    OpenAIRE

    Malinauskas R.; Brusokas A.

    2010-01-01

    This article deals with questions of psychical stability among basketball players of different performance level. The research was carried out in two Lithuanian basketball leagues: Lithuanian Basketball League (elite division) and the Lithuanian student's basketball league. It was established statistically significant (p

  10. Labor Market Structure and Salary Determination among Professional Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Michael

    1988-01-01

    The author investigates the labor market structure and determinants of salaries for professional basketball players. An expanded version of the resource perspective is used. A three-tiered model of labor market segmentation is revealed for professional basketball players, but other variables also are important in salary determination. (Author/CH)

  11. Behavioral Momentum in Sports: A Partial Replication with Women's Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roane, Henry S.; Kelley, Michael E.; Trosclair, Nicole M.; Hauer, Lindsay S.

    2004-01-01

    Previous research has applied the behavioral momentum metaphor to men's college basketball. In the current investigation, the relative rate of reinforcement prior to and following adversities (e.g., turnovers, fouls) and periods of time-out were examined in a subset of women's college basketball games.

  12. Development of repeated sprint ability in talented youth basketball players.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wierike, S.C. te; Jong, M.C. de; Tromp, E.J.; Vuijk, P.J.; Lemmink, K.A.; Malina, R.M.; Elferink-Gemser, M.T.; Visscher, C.

    2013-01-01

    Factors affecting repeated sprint ability (RSA) were evaluated in a mixed-longitudinal sample of 48 elite basketball players 14 to 19 years of age (16.1±1.7 years). Players were observed on six occasions during the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons. Three basketball-specific field tests were administe

  13. Behavioral momentum in sports: a partial replication with women's basketball.

    OpenAIRE

    Roane, Henry S; Kelley, Michael E; Trosclair, Nicole M; Hauer, Lindsay S

    2004-01-01

    Previous research has applied the behavioral momentum metaphor to men's college basketball. In the current investigation, the relative rate of reinforcement prior to and following adversities (e.g., turnovers, fouls) and periods of time-out were examined in a subset of women's college basketball games.

  14. What Is the Half-Life of Basketball Teams?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrepic, Zdeslav

    2013-01-01

    What do basketball teams have in common with radioactive nuclei? It turns out, there is more here than first meets the eye. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournaments feeds fans' craving when NBA competitions are not in swing, and the college tournament time has been referred to as "March Madness" or…

  15. Court Reconstruction for Camera Calibration in Broadcast Basketball Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Pei-Chih; Cheng, Wei-Chih; Wang, Yu-Shuen; Chu, Hung-Kuo; Tang, Nick C; Liao, Hong-Yuan Mark

    2016-05-01

    We introduce a technique of calibrating camera motions in basketball videos. Our method particularly transforms player positions to standard basketball court coordinates and enables applications such as tactical analysis and semantic basketball video retrieval. To achieve a robust calibration, we reconstruct the panoramic basketball court from a video, followed by warping the panoramic court to a standard one. As opposed to previous approaches, which individually detect the court lines and corners of each video frame, our technique considers all video frames simultaneously to achieve calibration; hence, it is robust to illumination changes and player occlusions. To demonstrate the feasibility of our technique, we present a stroke-based system that allows users to retrieve basketball videos. Our system tracks player trajectories from broadcast basketball videos. It then rectifies the trajectories to a standard basketball court by using our camera calibration method. Consequently, users can apply stroke queries to indicate how the players move in gameplay during retrieval. The main advantage of this interface is an explicit query of basketball videos so that unwanted outcomes can be prevented. We show the results in Figs. 1, 7, 9, 10 and our accompanying video to exhibit the feasibility of our technique. PMID:27504515

  16. Precocity and labor market outcomes: Evidence from professional basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan M. Rodenberg; Jun Woo Kim

    2011-01-01

    We show that precocity, as measured by the age of entry into the elite-level professional basketball labor pool, often leads to better career outcomes. Our findings cast doubt on the on-court efficacy of the National Basketball Association's contentious age eligibility rule.

  17. Anthropometric Characteristics of Spanish Professional Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaquera Alejandro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The study of elite basketball players’ anthropometric characteristics alongside those of body composition contributes significantly to their profiling as professional athletes and plays an important role in the selection process, as these characteristics can have a significant impact on performance. In the current study, 110 professional basketball players from a series of Spanish professional Leagues (ACB, LEB and EBA and youth level National Teams (U20 and U18 had their anthropometric profiles measured and compared to determine differences between them. Furthermore, all 110 players were divided into three different categories according to their playing position: guards, forwards and centres. The results obtained show no significant differences between players in different competitions in weight, height and the sum of skinfolds. Nonetheless, there were several differences related to body fat content (13.03% in ACB players and 10.52% in the lower categories and National Teams. There were also several differences found between the different playing positions amongst all playing levels in body mass (79.56 ± 2.41, 91.04 ± 1.51 and 104.56 ± 1.73 kg, height (182.28 ± 0.96, 195.65 ± 1.00 and 204.08 ± 0.67 cm, skinfold distribution and perimeters. However, there were no significant differences in body fat content between the different playing positions. The conclusions obtained from this study provide a better understanding to basketball specialists regarding the selection process of players at the elite level, especially on the transition from youth elite programs to men’s elite leagues.

  18. Optimal End-Game Strategy in Basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Annis, David H.

    2006-01-01

    When faced with protecting a three-point lead in the waning seconds of a basketball game, which is a preferable strategy: playing defense or fouling the offense before they can attempt a game-tying shot? Gonzaga University head coach, Mark Few, was faced with such a decision against Michigan State in the semi-finals of the Maui Invitational (November 22, 2005) and elected to play defense. The strategy backfired, as Michigan State’s Maurice Ager made a three-point basket at the ...

  19. Making profiles in boys and girls playing basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Sánchez, Ana Concepción; Ortega, Gema; Giménez, Francisco Javier; Castejón, Francisco Javier

    2015-01-01

    Decision-making in players of sports such as basketball is essential to the sport activity itself. For this reason, decision-making is being researched in sports from a range of approaches and angles. The focus of this study is on understanding the decision-making profiles of basketball playing boys and girls (n=63), aged between 10 and 12. They belong to a basketball school with a distinct educational philosophy and an internal competition style that favour educational values required in spo...

  20. Investigation into the Effects of Eight Weeks of Step Aerobic Dance Practice on Static Balance, Flexibility and Selected Basketball Skills in Young Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavli, Özhan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks of step aerobic exercises on static balance, flexibility and selected basketball skills in young basketball players. A total of 20 basketball players (average age 16.1 ± 0.7 years and average sporting age 4.1 ± 0.7 years) voluntarily joined the study. Participants were randomly…

  1. Automated analysis and annotation of basketball video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saur, Drew D.; Tan, Yap-Peng; Kulkarni, Sanjeev R.; Ramadge, Peter J.

    1997-01-01

    Automated analysis and annotation of video sequences are important for digital video libraries, content-based video browsing and data mining projects. A successful video annotation system should provide users with useful video content summary in a reasonable processing time. Given the wide variety of video genres available today, automatically extracting meaningful video content for annotation still remains hard by using current available techniques. However, a wide range video has inherent structure such that some prior knowledge about the video content can be exploited to improve our understanding of the high-level video semantic content. In this paper, we develop tools and techniques for analyzing structured video by using the low-level information available directly from MPEG compressed video. Being able to work directly in the video compressed domain can greatly reduce the processing time and enhance storage efficiency. As a testbed, we have developed a basketball annotation system which combines the low-level information extracted from MPEG stream with the prior knowledge of basketball video structure to provide high level content analysis, annotation and browsing for events such as wide- angle and close-up views, fast breaks, steals, potential shots, number of possessions and possession times. We expect our approach can also be extended to structured video in other domains.

  2. The problem of shot selection in basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Skinner

    Full Text Available In basketball, every time the offense produces a shot opportunity the player with the ball must decide whether the shot is worth taking. In this article, I explore the question of when a team should shoot and when they should pass up the shot by considering a simple theoretical model of the shot selection process, in which the quality of shot opportunities generated by the offense is assumed to fall randomly within a uniform distribution. Within this model I derive an answer to the question "how likely must the shot be to go in before the player should take it?" and I show that this lower cutoff for shot quality f depends crucially on the number n of shot opportunities remaining (say, before the shot clock expires, with larger n demanding that only higher-quality shots should be taken. The function f(n is also derived in the presence of a finite turnover rate and used to predict the shooting rate of an optimal-shooting team as a function of time. The theoretical prediction for the optimal shooting rate is compared to data from the National Basketball Association (NBA. The comparison highlights some limitations of the theoretical model, while also suggesting that NBA teams may be overly reluctant to shoot the ball early in the shot clock.

  3. TAU INFLUENCE ON DECISION MAKING IN BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanda Correia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision making in sport emerges from the players' interaction with the game context (Araújo, Davids, & Hristovski, 2006. Results from studies on the one-on-one in basketball identified interpersonal distance and relative velocity as relevant variables (i.e., control parameters. These results are reinterpreted in the perspective of the General Tau Theory (Lee, 1998, in which movement is regarded as guided by controlling tau motion-gaps (time to fulfil a gap and taucouplings. Further empirical evidence for this argument, came from a recent study in a team ball sport, where the tau variable was considered and verified as significantly related to decisional behaviour. Following this, it is assumed that the focus in candidate control parameters that detach the spatial component from the temporal one, presented in previous studies, may not be sufficient to explain the decisional behaviour in basketball. In this way, the variable tau is proposed as more informative given that enfolds inextricably spatial-temporal information.

  4. Characteristics of competitive activity of qualified basketball with hearing impairment compare to qualified healthy basketball player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobko I. N.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose - the comparison of competitive activity skilled basketball players with normal hearing and impaired hearing aid. The study involved female athletes Ukrainian National Team with hearing (n = 12 and healthy female athletes (n = 12. Technical protocols processed 20 games World Cup, Europe, Ukraine among deaf athletes. Processed records 20 games of the Ukrainian Championship. Found that healthy athletes for the game significantly longer perform and get into the basket fine and three point shots, fewer mistakes, but they are inferior in rebounds. Installed insignificant differences between the number of throws, entering the basket from the middle distance, interceptions in athletes with hearing impairment and healthy athletes. Recommended to increase the coherence of group and team interactions basketball with hearing during the game to use the special visual aids.

  5. Comparison of nutritional knowledge and habits of basketball players in young men’s basketball group matches in Turkey and young sedentaries in the same age group

    OpenAIRE

    Emin Süel; İbrahim Şahin; Cihat Korkmaz; Neslihan Süel; Onder Dağlıoğlu

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study performed is to determine nutritional information and habits of sedentary young people in the same age group with basketball players in young men's basketball group matches in Turkey and to detect whether there is a difference between two groups. A total of 189 subjects consisting of 84 basketball players playing in young men's basketball group matches in Turkey and 105 sedentary young men in the same age group with them were enrolled in the study. Of the basketball playe...

  6. Identifying Basketball Performance Indicators in Regular Season and Playoff Games

    OpenAIRE

    García, Javier; Ibáñez, Sergio J.; De Santos, Raúl Martinez; Leite, Nuno; Sampaio, Jaime

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to identify basketball game performance indicators which best discriminate winners and losers in regular season and playoffs. The sample used was composed by 323 games of ACB Spanish Basketball League from the regular season (n=306) and from the playoffs (n=17). A previous cluster analysis allowed splitting the sample in balanced (equal or below 12 points), unbalanced (between 13 and 28 points) and very unbalanced games (above 28 points). A discriminant analys...

  7. Effect Of Plyometric Training On Explosive Power Of Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    P. Buvanendiran ( Jaffna); R. Barathiraj

    2013-01-01

    Abstract:The study was designed to investigate the effect of Plyometric training on explosive power of Basketball players. For this purpose of the study (N=30) thirty male Basketball players were selected from mannar district their age group of 18 to 23 as subjects and divided into two groups of fifteen subjects each as experimental group and control group following random procedure. The experimental group underwent Plyometric training over a period of nine weeks where as control group did no...

  8. Vitamin D Deficiency Among Professional Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishman, Matthew P.; Lombardo, Stephen J.; Kharrazi, F. Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Background: Vitamin D plays an important role in several systems of the human body. Various studies have linked vitamin D deficiency to stress and insufficiency fractures, muscle recovery and function, and athletic performance. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the elite athletic population has not been extensively studied, and very few reports exist among professional athletes. Hypothesis: There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency among players attending the National Basketball Association (NBA) Combine. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: This is a retrospective review of data previously collected as part of the routine medical evaluation of players in the NBA Combines from 2009 through 2013. Player parameters evaluated were height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and vitamin D level. Statistical analysis using t tests and analysis of variance was used to detect any correlation between the player parameters and vitamin D level. Vitamin D levels were categorized as deficient (32 ng/mL). Results: After institutional review board approval was submitted to the NBA, the NBA released deidentified data on 279 players who participated in the combines from 2009 through 2013. There were 90 players (32.3%) who were deficient, 131 players (47.0%) who were insufficient, and 58 players (20.8%) who were sufficient. A total of 221 players (79.3%) were either vitamin D deficient or insufficient. Among all players included, the average vitamin D level was 25.6 ± 10.2 ng/mL. Among the players who were deficient, insufficient, and sufficient, the average vitamin D levels were 16.1 ± 2.1 ng/mL, 25.0 ± 3.4 ng/mL, and 41.6 ± 8.6 ng/mL, respectively. Player height and weight were significantly increased in vitamin D–sufficient players compared with players who were not sufficient (P = .0008 and .009, respectively). Player age and BMI did not significantly differ depending on vitamin D status (P = .15 and .77

  9. COACHING A MINI-BASKETBALL TEAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar\\u00EDa Ca\\u00F1adas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study arises from the importance of analyzing the coaching process and knowing how to coach in the first stages of sports initiation. The purpose of this study was to analyze how a basketball coach establishes teaching the game phases in youth categories, through the relationship between the pedagogical variables that define each of the coaching tasks. A total of 452 tasks, organized in 80 training sessions that were planned by a coach of mini-basketball (10-11 yearolds from the 2004-2005 season were analyzed. After a descriptive analysis of the game phase variable, a non-parametric inferential analysis (chi-square and contingency coefficient was carried out to study the relationships between the variables of the study (game phase, game situation, type of content, and content.The results make clear that for the coach that was analyzed, there is a disproportionate amount of work done on phases of offense to the detriment of defensive work. The aspects of the attack that are developed most are those without opposition, 1-on-0 (RAS=9.7 and to a lesser degree 1-on-1 (RAS=-10.7, although the opposite happens in the case of defensive fundamentals, 1-on-0 (RAS=-5.4 and 1-on-1 (RAS=12.3. A higher proportion of tasks without opposition, 1- on-0, were planned to work on individual offense technique (RAS=15.7, such as shooting. The analysis of the coaching process provides much information when generating sport teaching principles. The results have an important practical application, and they facilitate the process of continuing education and reflection on coaches' actions.

  10. EFFECT OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONAL RESPONSE TO COMPETITIVE STRESSORS ON SPORTS ACHIEVEMENTS OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Santosh Bajpai; Avinash Yadav

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare sports competitive anxiety between national, state and district level male basketball players. For present study, 100 national level male basketball players (Ave. age 25.12 yrs.), 100 state level male basketball players (Ave. age 22.34 yrs.) and 100 district level male basketball players (Ave. age 21.92 yrs.) were selected as sample. The sample was collected through convenience sampling method. Sports Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT) constructed and s...

  11. Effects of Sport Participation on the Basketball Skills and Physical Self of Adolescents with Conduct Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiano, Christophe; Ninot, Gregory; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Bilard, Jean

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of sport participation on the basketball skills and physical self-concept of adolescents with conduct disorders (CD). Participants were 24 adolescent males with CD, divided equally into three groups: (a) interestablishment basketball (IEBB), (b) integrated scholastic basketball (ISBB),…

  12. Relationship between Functional Classification Levels and Anaerobic Performance of Wheelchair Basketball Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molik, Bartosz; Laskin, James J.; Kosmol, Andrzej; Skucas, Kestas; Bida, Urszula

    2010-01-01

    Wheelchair basketball athletes are classified using the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) functional classification system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between upper extremity anaerobic performance (AnP) and all functional classification levels in wheelchair basketball. Ninety-seven male athletes…

  13. AUDITORY REACTION TIME IN BASKETBALL PLAYERS AND HEALTHY CONTROLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghuntla Tejas P.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Reaction is purposeful voluntary response to different stimuli as visual or auditory stimuli. Auditory reaction time is time required to response to auditory stimuli. Quickness of response is very important in games like basketball. This study was conducted to compare auditory reaction time of basketball players and healthy controls. The auditory reaction time was measured by the reaction time instrument in healthy controls and basketball players. Simple reaction time and choice reaction time measured. During the reaction time testing, auditory stimuli were given for three times and minimum reaction time was taken as the final reaction time for that sensory modality of that subject. The results were statistically analyzed and were recorded as mean + standard deviation and student’s unpaired t-test was applied to check the level of significance. The study shows that basketball players have shorter reaction time than healthy controls. As reaction time gives the information how fast a person gives a response to sensory stimuli, it is a good indicator of performance in reactive sports like basketball. Sportsman should be trained to improve their reaction time to improve their performance.

  14. Shooting for Lithuania: Migration, national identity and men's basketball in the East of England

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evans, Adam Brian; Piggott, David

    2016-01-01

    figurational framework to investigate the lived experiences of basketball amongst male Lithuanian migrants in the rural east of England. Semi-structured interviews highlighted participants’ motivations to migrate, their acculturation experiences and the role that basketball played during their sojourn....... Participants considered basketball a significant means for the expression of national identity and as a focus for their resistance to local racializing processes. Conversely, conflict with established local basketball communities and perceptions of marginalization amongst migrants were common, creating...... divisions in local basketball competitions....

  15. Sports injuries in adolescents' ball games: soccer, handball and basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yde, J; Nielsen, A B

    1990-03-01

    In a prospective study of 302 adolescent players in three ball games (soccer, handball and basketball), 119 incurred injuries. The injury incidence (number of injuries per 1000 playing hours) was 5.6 in soccer, 4.1 in handball and 3.0 in basketball. Ankle sprains accounted for 25 per cent of the injuries, finger sprains 32 per cent, strains in the thigh and leg 10 per cent, and tendinitis/apophysitis 12 per cent. The most serious injuries were four fractures, one anterior cruciate ligament rupture, and two meniscus lesions. The most serious injuries, with the longest rehabilitation period, occurred in soccer. In soccer, many injuries occurred during tackling and contact with an opposing player, while the injuries in handball and basketball were often caused by ball contact and running. PMID:2350669

  16. Some Aspects of the Physics of Shooting a Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, John J.

    2006-12-01

    The flight of a basketball is considered.1 Video analysis of the path and spin for several shots was carried out. It is shown that four forces are required to reproduce the trajectory: gravity, buoyancy, the drag force and the Magnus force. The relative contribution of each force is determined. The model is used to evaluate what it is that good shooters do. For a foul shot, the approach speed (speed when the basketball is just above the rim), launch speed, and launch angle were calculated. It is found that the minimum in the approach speed occurs at a launch angle closer to the experimental values for good shooters than does the minimum in the launch speed. This suggests the hoopothesis that a good shooter strives for the “softest” shot. 1. J. J. Fontanella, The Physics of Basketball, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2006.

  17. Sports injuries in adolescents' ball games: soccer, handball and basketball.

    OpenAIRE

    Yde, J; Nielsen, A. B.

    1990-01-01

    In a prospective study of 302 adolescent players in three ball games (soccer, handball and basketball), 119 incurred injuries. The injury incidence (number of injuries per 1000 playing hours) was 5.6 in soccer, 4.1 in handball and 3.0 in basketball. Ankle sprains accounted for 25 per cent of the injuries, finger sprains 32 per cent, strains in the thigh and leg 10 per cent, and tendinitis/apophysitis 12 per cent. The most serious injuries were four fractures, one anterior cruciate ligament ru...

  18. The production process in basketball: Empirical evidence from Spanish league

    OpenAIRE

    José M. Sánchez Santos; Pablo Castellanos García; Jesus A. Dopico Castro

    2006-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to provide an empirical assessment of the production process in a basketball team. We estimate a logit model in which the output produced by a team is the game outcome (win or loss) and the inputs are those play characteristics that impact on that outcome. From the results obtained it is clear that, on average, there is a substantial difference between the impact of each play characteristic on a basketball team’s winning probability and that probability var...

  19. Increased Distance of Shooting on Basketball Jump Shot

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki; André Luiz Félix Rodacki

    2012-01-01

    The present study analyzed the effect of increased distance on basketball jump shot outcome and performance. Ten male expert basketball players were filmed and a number of kinematic variables analyzed during jump shot that were performed from three conditions to represent close, intermediate and far distances (2.8, 4.6, and 6.4m, respectively). Shot accuracy decreased from 59% (close) to 37% (far), in function of the task constraints (p < 0.05). Ball release height decreased (p < 0.05) from 2...

  20. The Role of Metaphor in the Interpretation of Basketball Jargons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯伟

    2012-01-01

      Based upon Lakoff and Johnson’s theory of conventional metaphor, this paper takes some basketball jargons as a case for analysis from the cognitive perspective. The analysis verifies the indispensable role that metaphor as an important cogni⁃tive instrument plays in people’s interpreting and understanding the target domain by carrying over concepts from the source domain.

  1. Development of Repeated Sprint Ability in Talented Youth Basketball Players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne C. M.; de Jong, Mark C.; Tromp, Eveline J. Y.; Vuijk, Pieter J.; Lemmink, Koen A. P. M.; Malina, Robert M.; Elferink-Gemser, Marije T.; Visscher, Chris

    2014-01-01

    te Wierike, SCM, de Jong, MC, Tromp, EJY, Vuijk, PJ, Lemmink, KAPM, Malina, RM, Elferink-Gemser, MT, and Visscher, C. Development of repeated sprint ability in talented youth basketball players. J Strength Cond Res 28(4): 928-934, 2014-Factors affecting repeated sprint ability (RSA) were evaluated i

  2. Multidimensional Self-Efficacy and Affect in Wheelchair Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    In the current study, variables grounded in social cognitive theory with athletes with disabilities were examined. Performance, training, resiliency, and thought control self-efficacy, and positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect were examined with wheelchair basketball athletes (N = 79). Consistent with social cognitive theory, weak to strong…

  3. When English Language Arts, Basketball, and Poetry Collide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, W. Douglas

    2007-01-01

    A former high school teacher's reflections on the connections between basketball and poetry suggest the significance of extracurricular activities for teachers and students. W. Douglas Baker recounts how he guided students to make connections among "the collision of activities in their lives" by delving into the practices and discourses of three…

  4. A Research into Evaluation of Basketball Athletes' Risk Perception Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatas, Ozgur

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the risk perception levels of Basketball athletes in Turkish League teams according to some variables. In this research the "general screening model," which is one of the descriptive screening methods, was used. While the population of the study consists of athletes actively engaged in the Turkish…

  5. Male Basketball Players Continue To Lag in Graduation Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ethier, Marc

    1997-01-01

    In 1996, college athletes in "revenue-producing" sports (basketball and football) graduated at lower rates than other students, while athletes in general graduated at a higher rate than that of other undergraduates. Much of the recent improvement in athlete graduation rates is attributed to women. Data on graduation rates are tabulated by ethnic…

  6. Volleyball and Basketball Enhanced Bone Mass in Prepubescent Boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zouch, Mohamed; Chaari, Hamada; Zribi, Anis; Bouajina, Elyès; Vico, Laurence; Alexandre, Christian; Zaouali, Monia; Ben Nasr, Hela; Masmoudi, Liwa; Tabka, Zouhair

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of volleyball and basketball practice on bone acquisition and to determine which of these 2 high-impact sports is more osteogenic in prepubertal period. We investigated 170 boys (aged 10-12 yr, Tanner stage I): 50 volleyball players (VB), 50 basketball players (BB), and 70 controls. Bone mineral content (BMC, g) and bone area (BA, cm(2)) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at different sites. We found that, both VB and BB have a higher BMC at whole body and most weight-bearing and nonweight-bearing sites than controls, except the BMC in head which was lower in VB and BB than controls. Moreover, only VB exhibited greater BMC in right and left ultra-distal radius than controls. No significant differences were observed between the 3 groups in lumbar spine, femoral neck, and left third D radius BMC. Athletes also exhibited a higher BA in whole body, limbs, lumbar spine, and femoral region than controls. In addition, they have a similar BA in head and left third D radius with controls. The VB exhibited a greater BA in most radius region than controls and a greater femoral neck BA than BB. A significant positive correlation was reported between total lean mass and both BMC and BA in whole body, lumbar spine, total hip, and right whole radius among VB and BB. In summary, we suggest that volleyball and basketball have an osteogenic effect BMC and BA in loaded sites in prepubescent boys. The increased bone mass induced by both volleyball and basketball training in the stressed sites was associated to a decreased skull BMC. Moreover, volleyball practice produces a more sensitive mechanical stress in loaded bones than basketball. This effect seems translated by femoral neck expansion. PMID:26235943

  7. Sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ito E

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Eri Ito, Jun Iwamoto, Koichiro Azuma, Hideo MatsumotoInstitute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players. According to our database, during the 20-year period between October 1991 and June 2011, 1,219 basketball players (640 males and 579 females consulted our sports medicine clinic; in total, 1,414 injuries in basketball players (729 injuries in males and 685 injuries in females were recorded. The mean age of patients was 19.6 years. The most common injury site was the knee, followed by the foot and ankle, lower back, and upper extremities. There was a higher proportion of female players presenting with a knee injury, compared with male players (50.4% vs 41.7%, and a lower proportion of female players presenting with an upper extremity injury (5.1% vs 9.7%. The proportion of anterior cruciate ligament injury in the 10–19-year-old age group was higher among female players than among male players (45.9% vs 22.1%, while the proportions of Osgood–Schlatter disease in the 10–19-year-old age group and jumper's knee (patellar and femoral tendinopathy in the 20–29-year-old age group were higher among male players than among female players (12.5% vs 1.8% and 14.6% vs 3.7%, respectively. However, the proportions of other injuries did not differ significantly between male and female players. The present observational study, which was performed using a retrospective case-series design, showed the existence of sex-specific differences in knee injuries sustained while participating in basketball.Keywords: sports injury, sex, anterior cruciate ligament injury, Osgood–Schlatter disease, basketball

  8. ‘The’ pathway towards the elite level in Dutch basketball : A multidimensional and longitudinal study on the development of talented youth basketball players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria

    2016-01-01

    Veel jonge talentvolle basketballers hebben één doel voor ogen; de top halen in hun sport. Hoe de ontwikkeling van jonge speler tot aan volwassen basketballer verloopt, is onderzocht in het promotieonderzoek van Sanne te Wierike. Dit onderzoek is uitgevoerd bij Bewegingswetenschappen (UMCG, Rijksuni

  9. Research on the Improving Effect of the Compound Beverage on the Sports Capacity of Basketball Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on the characteristics of supplying energy from the body of the basketball players during the movement, combined with the characteristics of the compound sports beverage, analyzed the components of the compound sports beverage with the characteristics of basketball and made corresponding analysis on the measures for improving and recovering the physical stamina of the high level basketball players, so as to enlighten the basketball workers to maintain the healthy states and improve the exercise capacities of the athletes. For physical stamina is the basis for basketball players to use the tactics and techniques, reasonably using nutrition as the supplement is the effective means to eliminate exercise fatigue for the basketball athletes during the high load of training.

  10. Effects of Reasoning Ability on Field Goal Shooting Skills of Female Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virendra Kumar Singh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, field goal shooting skills of female basketball players were assessed in the background to their reasoning ability. The sample consists of 100 female intercollegiate basketball players (age = 21.05±1.67 yrs.. Shooting skills reasoning ability were assessed by Johnson’s “Basketball Field Goal Speed Shooting Test” and Mixed Type Group Test of Intelligence prepared by Mehrotra (1984, respectively. Results reveal that field goal shooting ability of female basketball players exhibiting superior reasoning ability was found to be significantly better as compared to field goal shooting ability of female basketball players with low and average reasoning ability. It was concluded that shooting skills of female basketball players is influenced by their cognitive ability i.e. ability to rationalize problems in proper sequence.

  11. “Liting it up”: Popular Culture, Indo-Pak Basketball, and South Asian American Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Stanley Ilango Thangaraj

    2010-01-01

    South Asian American participants of a co-ethnic basketball league, known as Indo-Pak Basketball, utilized urban basketball vernacular through the phrase “liting it up” to identify individuals scoring points in great numbers. The person “liting it up” becomes visible and receives recognition. Accordingly, I want to “lite up” the scholarship on South Asian America whereby situating South Asian American religious sites and cultural centers as key arenas for “Americanization” through US popula...

  12. Assessing and working to overcome perceived barriers to women’s participation in basketball in Lincolnshire

    OpenAIRE

    Elson, Jade; Evans, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Basketball is sport where the prevalence of patriarchal power relations gives men more opportunities to participate and to monopolise positions of power(Hargreaves, 1992: Sporting Females: Critical Issues in the History and Sociology of Women’s Sports. London: Routledge.). In the UK, women’s participation in basketball in 2008 was only one third of the rate seen among men (Sport England: Active People Survey, 2008). This suggests a gender divide in accessibility to basketball. Moreover, there...

  13. Effect of playing basketball on the posture of cervical spine in healthy collegiate students

    OpenAIRE

    Singla, Deepika; Veqar, Zubia

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess and compare the cervical posture of collegiate students and collegiate basketball players.Procedure: Craniovertebral angle and Sagittal head tilt were measured using photogrammetric method in 15 collegiate students and 15 collegiate basketball players.Results: Significant differences were not found between two groups for any of the two angles at p<0.05.Conclusions: Playing basketball does not place any significant impact on the posture of cervical spine of collegiate s...

  14. Comparison Of Anxiety, Achievement Motivation And Personality Traits Of Basketball Players And Non-sportsmen

    OpenAIRE

    Madan Singh Rathore

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to assess the personality traits, anxiety and achievement motivation level of basketball players and non-sportsmen. The study conducted on 360 samples, consisting of 120 inter-college level basketball players, 120 inter-varsity level basketball players and 120 non-sportsmen of different colleges and universities. Personality traits were obtained by administrating Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPi), Anxiety were obtained by competitive state Anxiety invent...

  15. EFFECT OF PLIOMETRIC TRAINING ON ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    İsa SAĞIROĞLU; Nurettin KONAR; Mert Eray ÖNEN; Osman ATEŞ; Zafer ALKURT

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of plyometric training in two different training frequencies between the competition seasons on vertical jump performance, anaerobic capability. Male basketball players aged 15-17 participated in this study. A total of 18 basketball players were divided into three groups as unbiased and in equal number (n=6); two experimental and one control group. One of these groups applied the drop jump plyometric exercise following the basketball trai...

  16. Multimodal Semantic Analysis and Annotation for Basketball Video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Song; Xu, Min; Yi, Haoran; Chia, Liang-Tien; Rajan, Deepu

    2006-12-01

    This paper presents a new multiple-modality method for extracting semantic information from basketball video. The visual, motion, and audio information are extracted from video to first generate some low-level video segmentation and classification. Domain knowledge is further exploited for detecting interesting events in the basketball video. For video, both visual and motion prediction information are utilized for shot and scene boundary detection algorithm; this will be followed by scene classification. For audio, audio keysounds are sets of specific audio sounds related to semantic events and a classification method based on hidden Markov model (HMM) is used for audio keysound identification. Subsequently, by analyzing the multimodal information, the positions of potential semantic events, such as "foul" and "shot at the basket," are located with additional domain knowledge. Finally, a video annotation is generated according to MPEG-7 multimedia description schemes (MDSs). Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  17. Assessment succession of student's goes in for basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Temchenko V.A.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The questions of working out of the criteria for assessment the results of students by subject "Physical education" (basketball section are considered. The article focuses on variants of assessing the results physical training employment of the students under the credit and module system. It is set that at the choice of type of sport (or directions motive activity about 40% students of basic separation are given by a preference the playing types of sport. From this number 12% choose basket-ball. Norms in special physical training are given. It's emphasized that there is no common system of assessment the results of students; the model of sectional form of physical training is worked out not enough.

  18. The influence of in-game emotions on basketball performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uphill, Mark; Groom, Ryan; Jones, Marc

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the influence of emotions on performance in basketball. Six female basketball players were videotaped in six games. Frequency of performance behaviours was recorded minute-by-minute and indices of successful (SGI) and unsuccessful (UGI) game involvement derived for each player. Post-game, players reported the intensity of experienced emotions (anger, anxiety, embarrassment, excitement and happiness), and the time of the eliciting incident. The only emotion revealed as a significant predictor of SGI was happiness; both anger and embarrassment were significant predictors of increased UGI. Consideration of individual player analyses suggests that there is variation in the magnitude of the influence of emotions on performance and the extent to which this influence was helpful or harmful to performance. The study provides evidence that emotions are associated with changes in game behaviours in competition. Implications for further research examining the emotion-performance relationship are discussed. PMID:24533498

  19. Effect Of Plyometric Training On Explosive Power Of Basketball Players

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    P. Buvanendiran ( Jaffna

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:The study was designed to investigate the effect of Plyometric training on explosive power of Basketball players. For this purpose of the study (N=30 thirty male Basketball players were selected from mannar district their age group of 18 to 23 as subjects and divided into two groups of fifteen subjects each as experimental group and control group following random procedure. The experimental group underwent Plyometric training over a period of nine weeks where as control group did not participate in any of the training except their regular activities as per the curriculum. Explosive power was assessed before and after the experimental period for both the groups by using Sergeant jump. Independent 't' test was used to analyze the collected data. The results of this study showed that there was a significant improvement of explosive power on plyometric training group comparing than control group.

  20. Is Self-Sufficiency for Womens Collegiate Athletics a Hoop Dream?: Willingness to Pay for Mens and Womens Basketball Tickets

    OpenAIRE

    Rosas, Juan; Orazem, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Universities spend almost $2 billion subsidizing their collegiate sports programs. Even the most popular women's sport, basketball, fails to break even. An application of Becker's theory of customer discrimination is used to calculate the relative preference for men's basketball for both men and women. Median willingness to pay for men's basketball relative to women's basketball is 180% greater for men and 37% greater for women. Pricing each sport at its revenue maximizing price, revenues fro...

  1. Competitive warm-up in basketball: literature review and proposal

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Warm-up is used, accepted and performed by every participant before practising any sport. Warm-up is also considered by most sportmen as fundamental to achieve optimal performance. However, there is little scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. This lack of evidence, together with the diversity of sports, requires the standardisation of common warm-up patterns for each sport activity. As elite basketball is concerned, a large scientific gap has been found, which the presen...

  2. Acute hormonal, immunological and enzymatic responses to a basketball game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Foschini

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to analyze the acute hormonal, immunological and enzymatic responses of professional basketball players to a basketball game. The sample was composed of eight basketball athletes, with a minimum of 4 years’ experience in basketball. A real game was simulated with a total duration of 40 minutes, divided into two halves of 20 minutes each and an interval of 10 minutes between halves. Blood samples were collected before andimmediately after the game (20 ml, vacuum tube system. The variables analyzed were: testosterone and cortisol hormones, total leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes and the enzymes creatine kinase (CK and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH. Statistical analysis was with descriptive statistics and the Student’s t test for paired samples to p≤0.05. The pre (13.34 nmol/L and 301.97 nmol/L and post game (17.34 nmol/L and 395.91 nmol/L levels of testosterone and cortisol were statistically different, with higher levels after the game for both hormones. The immune cell counts exhibited significant differences for total leukocytes (6393.75 nmol/L and 9158.75 nmol/L and neutrophils (3532.5 nmol/L and 6392.62 nmol/L, with levels being higher after the game. No statistical differences were observed for the enzymatic variables. Therefore, based on the markers analyzed, testosterone and cortisol exhibited pronounced increases after the game and the samebehavior was observed for total leukocytes and neutrophils.

  3. A stakeholder assessment of basketball player evaluation metrics

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez García, José Antonio; Martínez Caro, Laura

    2011-01-01

    In this research we examined the opinions of basketball stakeholders regarding several questions of special interests to valuate players. Players, coaches, agents, journalists, editors, bloggers, researchers, analysts, fans and chairs participated in this macro-research. After analysing their opinions using the content analysis methodology, we found that current player evaluation systems are insufficient to fulfill the expectations of stakeholders regarding the definition of value, because th...

  4. Massive basketball diagram for a thermal scalar field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Jens O.; Braaten, Eric; Strickland, Michael

    2000-08-01

    The ``basketball diagram'' is a three-loop vacuum diagram for a scalar field theory that cannot be expressed in terms of one-loop diagrams. We calculate this diagram for a massive scalar field at nonzero temperature, reducing it to expressions involving three-dimensional integrals that can be easily evaluated numerically. We use this result to calculate the free energy for a massive scalar field with a φ4 interaction to three-loop order.

  5. Gaze Behavior in Basketball Shooting: Further Evidence for Online Visual Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Rita F.; Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Beek, Peter J.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to help resolve conflicting findings and interpretations regarding the visual control of basketball shooting by examining the looking behavior of 6 expert basketball players (3 with a low shooting style and 3 with a high shooting style) executing both free throws and jump shots. Based on previous findings, they…

  6. Do field position and playing standard influence athlete performance in wheelchair basketball?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Witte, Annemarie M H; Hoozemans, Marco J M; Berger, Monique A M; van der Woude, Lucas H V; Veeger, Dirkjan H E J

    2015-01-01

    Improved understanding of mobility performance in wheelchair basketball is required to increase game performance. The aim of this study was to quantify the wheelchair-athlete activities of players in different field positions and of different playing standard during wheelchair basketball matches. Fr

  7. Acute intracranial epidural haematoma in a basketball player: a case report.

    OpenAIRE

    Datti, R; Gentile, S L; Pisani, R.

    1995-01-01

    A 35-year-old basketball player suffered a serious double head injury during a match. An acute left temporal epidural haematoma, which necessitated surgical drainage, developed. The exceptional circumstances of the trauma are discussed and the literature concerning basketball-related injuries is reviewed.

  8. The Effects of Basketball Basic Skills Training on Gross Motor Skills Development of Female Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayazit, Betul

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of basketball basic skills training on gross motor skills development of female children in Turkey. For that purpose, 40 female children took part in the study voluntarily. Basketball basic skills test was used to improve the gross motor skills of the female children in the study. Also,…

  9. Mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball - Video analysis of 39 cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krosshaug, Tron; Nakamae, Atsuo; Boden, Barry P.; Engebretsen, Lars; Smith, Gerald; Slauterbeck, James R.; Hewett, Timothy E.; Bahr, Roald

    2007-01-01

    Background: The mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball are not well defined. Purpose: To describe the mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball based on videos of injury situations. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Six international

  10. Demographic Profile and Athletic Identity of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injured Wheelchair Basketball Athletes in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasiliadis, Angelo; Evaggelinou, Christina; Avourdiadou, Sevastia; Grekinis, Petros

    2010-01-01

    An epidemiological study conducted across the country of Greece was conducted in order to determine the profile and the athletic identity of spinal cord injured (SCI) wheelchair basketball athletes who participated to the 13th Greek Wheelchair Basketball Championship and Cup. The Disability Sport Participation questionnaire was used for data…

  11. Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Groot, Sonja; Balvers, Inge J. M.; Kouwenhoven, Sanne M.; Janssen, Thomas W. J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of wheelchair basketball field tests. Nineteen wheelchair basketball players performed 10 test items twice to determine the reliability. The validity of the tests was assessed by relating the scores to the players' classificat

  12. Aux origines du basket-ball en Yougoslavie (1923-1940)

    OpenAIRE

    Jelić, Pero

    2009-01-01

    Cet article retrace la vie des acteurs et des structures qui ont introduit le basket-ball en Yougoslavie durant l’entre-deux-guerres. This article highlights the actors, who took part in the introduction of basketball in Yugoslavia during the interwar era. It also describes the structures through which this experience flourished.

  13. Ekonomika sportovního klubu ČEZ Basketball Nymburk

    OpenAIRE

    Kotas, Lukáš

    2010-01-01

    The analysis of the situation and the economics of the basketball club ČEZ Basketball Nymburk, the recognition of the marketing mix, strengths and weaknesses, evaluation of financial statements. In the work there is valuated the current situation of the club and possible future steps to maintain or even improve the dominant position of the club within the Czech Republic.

  14. Analysis of inside play in basketball Analysis of inside play in basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Pintor

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    In this research a descriptive analysis about some of the parameters implied in the inside play in basketball has been studied. Data of the 16 teams of the A.C.B. league were collected: each team was studied in an official game chosen randomly. Items of observation related with the frequency of apparition of the inside play in the game, with the time expended to offence as well as the way used to finish the play, were established. Data obtained show that in the 41,61% of global possessions appears inside play while in the 37,45% of these take place a pass toward the positions near the basket. The average time expended since starting the possession of the ball until the moment in which a pass is made is 8,41 seconds. The analysis shows the considerable capacity of resolution of players who receives an inside ball, which is represented by the percentage of times in which these players finish the offence (82,78%. A bigger number of direct actions than indirect actions to finish the offence play and a very low degree of opposition to the shot have been detected, overcoat taking in account that these shots were made in areas with a big amount of players.
    KEY WORDS: Basketball, inside play, inside pass.

     

    En el presente estudio se ha realizado una análisis descriptivo de algunos parámetros que definen el juego interior en baloncesto. Se tomaron datos de cada uno de los 16 equipos que participan en la liga A.C.B.: cada equipo fue estudiado en un encuentro oficial de competición, elegido de forma aleatoria. Se establecieron conductas de observación relacionadas con la frecuencia de aparición del juego interior en los partidos, con el tiempo empleado en el ataque, así como con la forma de resolución de la jugada. Los datos obtenidos reflejan que en el 4l,61% del total de posesiones se produce juego interior, mientras que en el 37

  15. Anaerobic and Aerobic Performances in Elite Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomes de Araujo Gustavo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to propose a specific lactate minimum test for elite basketball players considering the: Running Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST as a hyperlactatemia inductor, short distances (specific distance, 20 m during progressive intensity and mathematical analysis to interpret aerobic and anaerobic variables. The basketball players were assigned to four groups: All positions (n=26, Guard (n= 7, Forward (n=11 and Center (n=8. The hyperlactatemia elevation (RAST method consisted of 6 maximum sprints over 35 m separated by 10 s of recovery. The progressive phase of the lactate minimum test consisted of 5 stages controlled by an electronic metronome (8.0, 9.0, 10.0, 11.0 and 12.0 km/h over a 20 m distance. The RAST variables and the lactate values were analyzed using visual and mathematical models. The intensity of the lactate minimum test, determined by a visual method, reduced in relation to polynomial fits (2nd degree for the Small Forward positions and General groups. The Power and Fatigue Index values, determined by both methods, visual and 3rd degree polynomial, were not significantly different between the groups. In conclusion, the RAST is an excellent hyperlactatemia inductor and the progressive intensity of lactate minimum test using short distances (20 m can be specifically used to evaluate the aerobic capacity of basketball players. In addition, no differences were observed between the visual and polynomial methods for RAST variables, but lactate minimum intensity was influenced by the method of analysis

  16. Lower Limb Neuromuscular Asymmetry in Volleyball and Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe Azahara

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the agreement between the dominant leg (DL (determined subjectively and the stronger leg (SL (determined via a functional test in a group of basketball and volleyball players. The secondary objective was to calculate lower limb neuromuscular asymmetry when comparing the DL vs the non-dominant leg (NDL and the SL vs the weaker (WL leg in the whole group and when differentiating by sex. Seventy-nine male and female volleyball and basketball players (age: 23.7 ± 4.5 years performed three single-leg vertical countermovement jumps (SLVCJ on a contact mat. Vertical jump height and an inter-limb asymmetry index (ASI were determined. Only 32 (40% of the subjects had a concordance between the perception of their dominant leg and the limb reaching the highest jump height. Using the DL as the discriminating variable, significant (p<0.05 inter-limb differences were found in the total group of players. When comparing between sexes, significant differences (p<0.05 arose in the female group only. With regard to the WL vs. the SL, significant (p<0.05 differences were noted in the whole group and when stratified into males and females. The mean ASI ranged from 9.31% (males to 12.84% (females and from 10.49% (males to 14.26% (females, when comparing the DL vs. the NDL and the SL vs. the WL, respectively. Subjective expression of leg dominance cannot be used as a predictor of limb jump performance. Vertical jump asymmetry of 10-15% exists and this can be considered as a reference value for male and female basketball and volleyball players.

  17. Ankle sprain and postural sway in basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leanderson, J; Wykman, A; Eriksson, E

    1993-01-01

    The present study compares postural ankle stability between previously injured basketball players, uninjured players and a control/group. Postural sway was recorded and analysed by stabilometry using a specially designed computer-assisted forceplate. Recordings were obtained for 60 s on each foot. The stabilometric results in the players with no previous injuries did not differ from those in the controls. Players with a previously injured ankle differed significantly from the control group. These players had a larger mean postural sway and used a larger sway area. PMID:8536030

  18. Physical rehabilitation athletes for prevention of fatigue in women's basketball

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    Osipov Vitalij Nikolaevich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The results of research on the impact of physical rehabilitation for adaptive systems of the body athletes, especially the functioning of which were determined by the parameters of central hemodynamics and physical performance for the step-test PWC170. The study attended by 17 basketball Premier League at the age of 18-25 years. In developed and offered by us Rehabilitation Complex includes the following remedial means: special breathing exercises, yoga elements of gymnastics, Motivational, different types of sports massage and hidroprotsedury, which contributed to more effective recovery of athletes and improve their physical performance.

  19. Basketball in physical education of non sport universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaschuk S.G.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A health of students of unathletic institutes of higher level is studied. It is rotined that over modernization of the system of physical education brought to considerable reduction of audience employments on a physical culture. Connection is considered between the low level of health of student young people and reduction of audience employments on physical education. Insufficient motivation is marked to independent employments by physical exercises, decline of motive activity of students. Efficiency of application of basket-ball is grounded in the process of physical education of students.

  20. Can Timeouts Change the Outcome of Basketball Games?

    CERN Document Server

    Saavedra, Serguei; Bagrow, James P

    2012-01-01

    In basketball, timeouts are believed to reverse the momentum of a game. However, here we show timeouts have no significant effect on the final outcomes of games. Moreover, we find that the timeout factor only appears to reinforce the game of dominant teams, meaning that only the most successful teams can find any positive benefit. We find no association with team payrolls, suggesting that richer teams are not particularly better at capitalizing on timeouts. Our findings support that strategic breaks have little impact on workplace performance and productivity.

  1. Accuracy of Skill Performance in the Basketball Free Throw Shooting

    OpenAIRE

    Igawa Shoji; Sato Takeshi; Watanabe Takayuki

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study were to investigates how timing of shot of skilled player and assess performance accuracy of free throw shooting. Ten college students participated in this study (5 skilled players, and 5 naïve participants) aged 18-23 years. They performed free throw shooting at 10 times. Shooting seen was recorded three cameras and analyzed shooting successful rate, off-target distance (the distance between the basketball through point and the center of the goal) and shot timing. S...

  2. The relationship between physical fitness and shooting accuracy of professional basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris Pojskić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among physical fitness of professional Bosnian basketball players (n = 38 and shooting accuracy during one basketball season. A related, secondary aim was to examine relationships between basketball shooting assessments and competitive shooting accuracy during game play. Physical fitness components included: muscular endurance and aerobic endurance, lower and upper-body power, speed, agility, anaerobic capacity and anaerobic power. The specific basketball shooting accuracy was assessed by stationary and dynamic shooting assessments. Competitive shooting accuracy was represented by data collected during one basketball season for each player (free throw, field goal, and three-point %. Results of the regression analyses showed that there were significant positive relationships among shooting assessments and competitive shooting accuracy during game play. The relationship was stronger when the dynamic shooting tests were applied compared to the stationary tests. However, few or weak relationships existed among physical fitness components and competitive shooting accuracy. Only the power tests showed to be good predictors for shooting over longer distances. The findings support the inclusion of the dynamic basketball shooting accuracy tests in regular basketball assessment procedures as a valuable testing instrument.

  3. Mental health and social participation skills of wheelchair basketball players: a controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiorilli, Giovanni; Iuliano, Enzo; Aquino, Giovanna; Battaglia, Claudia; Giombini, Arrigo; Calcagno, Giuseppe; di Cagno, Alessandra

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to assess differences in psychological well-being, symptomatic psychological disorders and social participation, between competitive wheelchair basketball participants and those non-participants. Forty-six wheelchair participants, 24 Basketball players (aged 35.60 ± 7.56) and 22 non-players (aged 36.20 ± 6.23), completed three validated self-report questionnaires: Participation Scale (PS), Psychological Well-Being Scale [PWBS] and Symptom Checklist 90 R [SCL-90-R]. ANOVA showed significant overall differences between the two groups. The social restriction score, evaluated by PS, was significantly higher in the non-basketball participants (p=0.00001) than the basketball participants. The PWB Scale showed significant differences in all 6 dimensions: positive relations with others, environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life and self-acceptance (p<0.01), and autonomy (p<0.05), with better scores in the basketball participants. The SCL-90-R scores were significantly lower for the basketball group in the following 6 symptomatic dimensions: depression, phobic anxiety, and sleep disorder (p<0.01), somatization, interpersonal sensitivity and psychoticism (with p<0.05). It was concluded that competitive wheelchair basketball participants showed better psychological well-being and social skills than those non-participants. PMID:24012595

  4. The Effects of Plyometric Type Neuromuscular Training on Postural Control Performance of Male Team Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadi, Abbas; Saez de Villarreal, Eduardo; Arazi, Hamid

    2015-07-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are common in basketball athletes; common preventive programs for decreasing these injures may be enhancing postural control (PC) or balance with plyometric training. This study investigated the efficiency of plyometric training program within basketball practice to improve PC performance in young basketball players. Sixteen players were recruited and assigned either to a plyometric + basketball training group (PT) or basketball training group (BT). All players trained twice per week, but the PT + BT followed a 6-week plyometric program implemented within basketball practice, whereas the BT followed regular practice. The star excursion balance test (SEBT) at 8 directions (anterior, A; anteromedial, AM; anterolateral, AL; medial, M; lateral, L; posterior, P; posteromedial, PM; and posterolateral, PL) was measured before and after the 6-week period. The PT group induced significant improvement (p ≤ 0.05) and small to moderate effect size in the SEBT (A = 0.95, AM = 0.62, AL = 0.61, M = 0.36, L = 0.47, P = 0.27, PM = 0.25, PL = 0.24). No significant improvements were found in the BT group. Also, there were significant differences between groups in all directions except PM and PL. An integrated plyometric program within the regular basketball practice can lead to significant improvements in SEBT and consequently PC. It can be recommended that strength and conditioning professionals use PT to enhance the athletes' joint awareness and PC to reduce possible future injuries in the lower extremity. PMID:25563677

  5. "White men can't jump." But can they throw? Social perception in European basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furley, P; Dicks, M

    2014-10-01

    In the present article, we investigate the influence of sociocultural stereotypes on the impression formation of basketball players and coaches. In Experiment 1 (n = 32), participants were shown a picture of a black or white basketball player prior to observation of a point-light video of a player executing a basketball free throw. The participant was informed that the player depicted in the picture was executing the free throw. Results indicated that ethnicity of the target player significantly influenced participant evaluations, demonstrating specific stereotypes about black and white basketball players when evaluating performance. In Experiment 2 (n = 30), results derived from the Implicit Association Test indicated that black players are implicitly associated with athletic player attributes. The results are in line with social schema theory and demonstrate that - similar to findings that have been reported in the United States - a subpopulation of German basketball players and coaches hold specific stereotypes about the abilities of black and white basketball athletes. These stereotypes bias impression formation when coaches and players make assessments of basketball performance. PMID:23714161

  6. The level of spatial orientation of basketball players aged 14 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pomeschikova I. P.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the performance level of the spatial orientation of the basketball teams' pre-basic training, which was determined by standard methods. The study involved 12 athletes for 14 years with four years basketball. Teacher testing conducted to determine the allowed level of basketball and to determine the spatial relationship between the rates of the various manifestations of this ability. The level of spatial orientation of sportsmen evaluated according to the 8 test, methodology suggested V.A. Romanenko, L.P. Sergienko, V.I. Lyakh.

  7. Implicit measures of beliefs about sport ability in swimming and basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascret, Nicolas; Falconetti, Jean-Louis; Cury, François

    2016-04-01

    Sport ability may be seen as relatively stable, genetically determined and not easily modified by practice, or as increasable with training, work and effort. Using the Implicit Association Test (IAT), the purpose of the present study is to examine whether the practice of a particular sport (swimming or basketball) can influence automatic beliefs about sport ability in these two sports. The IAT scores evidence that swimmers and basketball players automatically and implicitly associate their own sport with training rather than genetics, whereas non-sportspersons have no significant automatic association. This result is strengthened when perceived competence and intrinsic motivation in swimming or basketball are high. PMID:26360924

  8. Relationship between the anxiety and performance of a basketball team during competition

    OpenAIRE

    Luc\\u00EDa Abenza; Francisco Alarc\\u00F3n; Mar\\u00EDa Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar; Nuria Ure\\u00F1a

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess trait and state anxiety in a sample of basketball players and their performance in competition, in addition to comparing players' anxiety when playing against rivals of different levels. The sample was composed of 10 players from a basketball team of the Spanish Amateur Basketball League. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S (STAI-S) was utilized for the evaluation of state and trait anxiety. Performance of the players was measured during two games ut...

  9. Relation between the anxiety and performance of an team of basketball during the competition

    OpenAIRE

    Abenza Cano, Lucía; Alarcón López, Francisco; Ureña Ortín, Nuria; Piñar López, Maria Isabel

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess trait and state anxiety in a sample of basketball players and their performance in competition, in addition to comparing players' anxiety when playing against rivals of different levels. The sample was composed of 10 players from a basketball team of the Spanish Amateur Basketball League. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S (STAI-S) was utilized for the evaluation of state and trait anxiety. Performance of the players was measured during two games ut...

  10. An examination of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale using collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermillion, Mark; Dodder, Richard A

    2007-04-01

    The purpose was to examine the construct validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). The construct validity of the scale was examined by applying it to collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes at an NCAA sanctioned wheelchair basketball tournament at a mid-sized university in the south central United States (N=68). In accordance with previous research on the scale, Cronbach alpha was .86; confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor structure. The scale is useful for measuring global self-esteem in collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes. PMID:17566431

  11. Projectile motion in real-life situation: Kinematics of basketball shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changjan, A.; Mueanploy, W.

    2015-06-01

    Basketball shooting is a basic practice for players. The path of the ball from the players to the hoop is projectile motion. For undergraduate introductory physics courses student must be taught about projectile motion. Basketball shooting can be used as a case study for learning projectile motion from real-life situation. In this research, we discuss the relationship between optimal angle, minimum initial velocity and the height of the ball before the player shoots the ball for basketball shooting problem analytically. We found that the value of optimal angle and minimum initial velocity decreases with increasing the height of the ball before the player shoots the ball.

  12. Identifying basketball performance indicators in regular season and playoff games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Javier; Ibáñez, Sergio J; De Santos, Raúl Martinez; Leite, Nuno; Sampaio, Jaime

    2013-03-01

    The aim of the present study was to identify basketball game performance indicators which best discriminate winners and losers in regular season and playoffs. The sample used was composed by 323 games of ACB Spanish Basketball League from the regular season (n=306) and from the playoffs (n=17). A previous cluster analysis allowed splitting the sample in balanced (equal or below 12 points), unbalanced (between 13 and 28 points) and very unbalanced games (above 28 points). A discriminant analysis was used to identify the performance indicators either in regular season and playoff games. In regular season games, the winning teams dominated in assists, defensive rebounds, successful 2 and 3-point field-goals. However, in playoff games the winning teams' superiority was only in defensive rebounding. In practical applications, these results may help the coaches to accurately design training programs to reflect the importance of having different offensive set plays and also have specific conditioning programs to prepare for defensive rebounding. PMID:23717365

  13. INCREASED DISTANCE OF SHOOTING ON BASKETBALL JUMP SHOT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzed the effect of increased distance on basketball jump shot outcome and performance. Ten male expert basketball players were filmed and a number of kinematic variables analyzed during jump shot that were performed from three conditions to represent close, intermediate and far distances (2.8, 4.6, and 6.4m, respectively. Shot accuracy decreased from 59% (close to 37% (far, in function of the task constraints (p < 0.05. Ball release height decreased (p < 0.05 from 2.46 m (close to 2.38m (intermediate and to 2.33m (long. Release angle also decreased (p < 0.05 when shot was performed from close (78.92° in comparison to intermediate distances (65.60°. While, ball release velocity increased (p < 0.05 from 4.39 m/s (close to 5.75 m·s-1 (intermediate to 6.89 m·s-1 (far. These changes in ball release height, angle and velocity, related to movement performance adaptations were suggested as the main factors that influence jump shot accuracy when distance is augmented

  14. Increased distance of shooting on basketball jump shot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, Victor Hugo Alves; Rodacki, André Luiz Félix

    2012-01-01

    The present study analyzed the effect of increased distance on basketball jump shot outcome and performance. Ten male expert basketball players were filmed and a number of kinematic variables analyzed during jump shot that were performed from three conditions to represent close, intermediate and far distances (2.8, 4.6, and 6.4m, respectively). Shot accuracy decreased from 59% (close) to 37% (far), in function of the task constraints (p distances (65.60°). While, ball release velocity increased (p distance is augmented. Key pointsThe increased distance leads to greater spatial con-straint over shot movement that demands an adapta-tion of the movement for the regulation of the accu-racy and the impulse generation to release the ball.The reduction in balls release height and release angle, in addition to the increase in balls release ve-locity, were suggested as the main factors that de-creased shot accuracy with the distance increased.Players should look for release angles of shooting that provide an optimal balls release velocity to im-prove accuracy. PMID:24149195

  15. Graded shuttle run performance by playing positions in elite female basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Štrumbelj, Boro; Vučković, Goran; Jakovljević, Saša; Milanović, Zoran; James, Nic; Erčulj, Frane

    2015-03-01

    A graded shuttle run test was used to assess differences in physiological parameters between playing positions in elite female basketball players. Twenty-four female basketball players (8 guards, 8 forwards, and 8 centers) who played for the senior national teams of Slovenia and Serbia were tested with the 30-15 intermittent fitness test. During the shuttle run, the following physiological parameters were measured: oxygen consumption ((Equation is included in full-text article.)), carbon dioxide production ((Equation is included in full-text article.)), pulmonary ventilation (VE) breath by breath, respiratory quotient, oxygen pulse as the (Equation is included in full-text article.)vs. HR ratio and [LA]. No significant differences were found for any of the measures between the 3 playing positions. Although this finding was surprising, future studies should try to determine whether the tactics used in female basketball determine that the interpositional differences seen in male basketball are not evident. PMID:25226324

  16. ACTN3 R577X Polymorphism and Explosive Leg Muscle Power in Elite Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    Garatachea, Nuria; Verde Rello, Zoraida; Santos-Lozano, Alejandro; Yvert, Thomas; Rodríguez Romo, Gabriel; Sarasa, Francisco J.; Hernández-Sánchez, Sonsoles; Santiago Dorrego, Catalina; Lucía Mulas, Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the association of the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism with leg muscle explosive power in Spanish (Caucasian) elite basketball players and controls. METHODS: 100 (60 men) elite basketball players (cases) and 283 non-athletic controls participated in the study. We assessed power performance by means of the vertical squat and counter-movement jump tests.

  17. Educational strategies for the acquisition of professional knowledge by youth basketball coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Feu; Javier Garc\\u00EDa; Isabel Parejo; Mar\\u00EDa Ca\\u00F1adas; Javier S\\u00E1ez

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the educational means that coaches of school-aged children utilize to acquire their professional knowledge. Youth basketball coaches (n=118) with a heterogeneous education coming from different educational means participated in the study. Of them, 81.7% were previously basketball players. As a measurement instrument, a modified version of the scale by Feu (2006) was utilized to determine the coach's professional knowledge. The new scale had 21 items d...

  18. The Influence of Basketball on the Asymmetry in the Use of Limbs

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandar Čvorović

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how basketball affects the uneven use of the limbs in relation to non-basketball population. Participants were compared by multiple motoric and situational tests, and for each participant tested the relationship between all limbs, both upper and lower. Before the motoric and situational tests participants completed a questionnaire on preference in limb use in everyday life and during sports activities. Participants belong to two groups, one group of ...

  19. ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF ADOLESCENT ATHLETES' MOTIVATION: BASKETBALL PLAYERS VS. FOOTBALL PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Bartolom\\u00E9 J. Almagro; Cristina Conde; Moreno, Juan A; Pedro S\\u00E1enz-L\\u00F3pez

    2009-01-01

    The motivation of an athlete is determinant for the athletic engagement of the adolescent. The present study attempts to analyze the motivation of adolescent basketball and football players from the perspectives of Achievement Goal Theory (Nicholls, 1989) and Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). The study's sample was composed of 248 athletes from 12 to 17 years of age. Half were from basketball and half were from football. The instruments that were utilized were: the Spanish versio...

  20. ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS: SOMATOTYPE AND BODY COMPOSITION VALUES

    OpenAIRE

    Yener BEKTAŞ; Başak Koca Özer; Timur Gültekin; Mehmet Sağır; Galip Akın

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to analyse the somatotype and body composition characteristics of female basketball players and to demonstrate the changes between different category levels. For this purpose 37 female basketball players were subjected from Et-Balik Sports Club representing 4 different categories. 11 anthropometric measurements; body weight, height, humerus and femur bicondylar breadth, biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac and thigh skinfold thickness, biceps and thigh circumference data ...

  1. Spillovers from the Gridiron: Evidence from Women’s Collegiate Basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Craig A. Depken, II; Courtney Williams

    2009-01-01

    This paper empirically investigates whether schools with an intercollegiate football team experience greater attendance at women’s basketball games. The empirical question is important because if football increases attendance and hence revenue to other sports then these benefits should be included when considering the net benefits of football. Using a cross-section of 329 Division IA women’s basketball programs from 2005-2006, we find that having a football program corresponds with an increas...

  2. Characterization of college football athletes and basketball: Anthropometry and Body Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Gil Gómez; Pablo Juan Verdoy

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction and Objectives. Anthropometric study of university population, comprising men and women college athletes participating in the Championships of Spain's 2008 College basketball and football. The aim of this study is to describe the body composition of male and female college athletes in football and basketball specialtiesMethods. This is a cross-sectional study with direct anthropometric measurements. These have been obtained by following the rules and techniques recommend...

  3. Acute effect of cycling intervention on carotid arterial hemodynamics: basketball athletes versus sedentary controls

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Hai-Bin; Yuan, Wen-Xue; Qin, Kai-Rong; Hou, Jie

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the acute effects of a cycling intervention on carotid arterial hemodynamics between basketball athletes and sedentary controls. Methods Ten young long-term trained male basketball athletes (BA) and nine age-matched male sedentary controls (SC) successively underwent four bouts of exercise on a bicycle ergometer at the same workload. Hemodynamic variables at right common carotid artery were determined at rest and immediately following each bout of exercise. An ANCOVA was ...

  4. Superpowers on the olympic basketball court: The United States versus China through four nationalistic lenses

    OpenAIRE

    Billings, Andrew C.; MacArthur, Paul J.; Wu, Dan; Ličen, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Media renderings of the Olympics continue to offer opportunities for hypernationalism. This study analyzes the same basketball game (U.S. vs. Chinain men's basketball at the 2008 Summer Olympics) through the lens of 4 different telecasts in the United States, China, Slovenia, and Canada. Results illuminate us/them and collectivist/individualist dichotomies, differing themes of redemption and expectation, and stark contrasts in network style and content in game coverage. Ramifications for theo...

  5. Effect of plyometric training on vertical jump height in high school basketball players: randomised control trial

    OpenAIRE

    Chhaya Verma, Lakshmi Subramanium, Vijaya Krishnan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Plyometric involve high intensity eccentric contraction immediately after a powerful concentric contraction. A vertical leap in basketball also involves rapid & repeated muscle contraction & stretching. Various methods have been used to improve the vertical leap in players, but only few studies mention about plyometrics. Aim: To determine the effect of Plyometric training on vertical jump height in high school basketball players & compare them with their untrained counterparts. Me...

  6. Differences in Conative Characteristics and Perceived Group Cohesion of the Basketball Players Playing in Different Positions in the Team

    OpenAIRE

    Sindik, Joško; Nazor, Damir

    2011-01-01

    Identification of differences in individual conative characteristics and in perceived group cohesion of the basketball players playing in different positions in the team could provide guidelines for a better selection of basketball players and better coaching work. The aim of our study was to determine the differences in relation to the positions of guards and forwards/ centres, and the four major positions in the team. The final sample of subjects (74 basketball players) is selected...

  7. “White men can't jump.” but can they throw?:social perception in European basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Furley, Philip; Dicks, Matt

    2014-01-01

    In the present article, we investigate the influence of sociocultural stereotypes on the impression formation of basketball players and coaches. In Experiment 1 (n = 32), participants were shown a picture of a black or white basketball player prior to observation of a point-light video of a player executing a basketball free throw. The participant was informed that the player depicted in the picture was executing the free throw. Results indicated that ethnicity of the target player significan...

  8. Basketball players' experience of dental injury and awareness about mouthguard in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Wenli

    2008-08-01

    The objective of the present study was to describe the occurrence of orofacial, particularly dental injuries in basketball, and to survey the athletes' awareness concerning the use of mouthguards during basketball training and competition. A pilot questionnaire was designed and tested with basketball players. Two hundred and thirty-six male athletes were surveyed. Seventy-seven players were professional players. Exactly 80.6% professionals and 37.7% semi-professional athletes had an experience of oral soft tissue laceration and dental injuries in basketball practice. The difference between the two groups is significant. The incidence of dental and oral injuries was related to the length of training time. About 59% of the athletes ranked the risk of orofacial and dental injury in basketball as medium. Although the awareness of mouthguards among the basketball players was very high (80.1%), only one of them had used the custom-made mouthguard. Most of the athletes gained the knowledge about mouthguards from foreign players (33.5%), media (24.8%) and teammates/classmates (24.3%). The influence of dentists was very weak. Athletes should be informed about the high risk of oral injuries when participating in contact sports. Dentists should play a more significant role in the program of promoting mouthguard use to prevent the occurrence of oral injury in sport participation. PMID:18721342

  9. Biological ripening - as factor for influences of special capacity and functional possibilities of young basketball-players (girls)

    OpenAIRE

    Maslova O.V.

    2010-01-01

    Questions are considered on the problems of the modern system of preparation of young basketball-players. In an inspection girls took part in age of 13-15 years old, specialization basket-ball, in an amount 99 persons. For passing of further complex inspection 24 girls were selected (part on 2 groups). Directions of account of level of the biological ripening are rotined in the command of basketball-players of one passport age. Influence of the biological ripening of young basketball-players ...

  10. The political economy of women’s professional basketball in the United States: A structure-conduct-performance approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel ANTHONY

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the political economy of women’s professional basketball in the United States, including both the American Basketball League (ABL and the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA. To do so, we employ the structure-conductperformance paradigm (hereafter SCP from industrial organization. In addition to the importance of television revenues and corporate sponsorships to the success of the leagues, we find evidence of economies of scope, bilateral monopoly issues, and reverse causality in the SCP paradigm as applied to women’s professional basketball in the United States.

  11. Accuracy of Skill Performance in the Basketball Free Throw Shooting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igawa Shoji

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study were to investigates how timing of shot of skilled player and assess performance accuracy of free throw shooting. Ten college students participated in this study (5 skilled players, and 5 naïve participants aged 18-23 years. They performed free throw shooting at 10 times. Shooting seen was recorded three cameras and analyzed shooting successful rate, off-target distance (the distance between the basketball through point and the center of the goal and shot timing. Shot timing was not significant difference. Shooting successful rate of skilled players was higher than unskilled players. Offtarget distance of skilled players was significant smaller than naive player. Consequently, skilled player is possible to aim at the center of the goal and shooting near the center of goal.

  12. Peroneal muscle weakness in female basketballers following chronic ankle sprain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rottigni, S A; Hopper, D

    1991-01-01

    Female A-grade basketballers were examined for invertor and evertor muscle strength. Two test groups participated. The injured group were players who had persisting disability following ankle sprains. The control group were players who had never sustained an ankle sprain. Test apparatus was the Orthotron isokinetic dynamometer at contraction speed of 180° per second. Trends towards higher invertor and evertor strength in uninjured group when compared with the injured group found in the present study have been supported by one other report. Invertors were found to be significantly stronger than evertors in both injured and uninjured groups, with the exception of the dominant leg of the uninjured group. A significant weakness in non-dominant evertors of the uninjured group was detected. Dominance did not significantly alter strength differences in the invertor or evertor muscle groups within the uninjured population. The clinical importance of strengthening the peroneal muscles in ankle sprain rehabilitation is discussed, and further research considerations provided. PMID:25025187

  13. Media value of the Basketball World Cup 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The number of businesses whose activities are based on immaterial assets is growing very rapidly, which demands new ways of evaluating the economic relevance of intangible assets. The aim of this study is precisely to examine the Basketball World Cup 2006 -a particular experience within the industry of spectacle - through applying a novel methodology. The analysis of this sport event is an interesting exercise in itself, since it allows achieving important lessons and conclusions. Yet, the scope of this paper is broader, including another major goal. Effectively, the present study illustrates the potential capacity that ESIrg methodology has for evaluating intangible assets of different types and character (that must not necessary be linked to the sport industry.

  14. Ground of complex informing indexes and determination of their priority meaningfulness for the selection of skilled basketball-players in a command

    OpenAIRE

    Bezmylov N.N.

    2010-01-01

    The questions of sporting selection and orientation of skilled basketball-players are considered. The complex of informing indexes of technical tactical actions is presented. The psychophysiological and morphological features of basketball-players are presented. The criteria of evaluation of basketball-players are resulted in the process of selection and orientation. Priority meaningfulness of these indexes is certain for the basketball-players of different playing line of business. The neces...

  15. STUDY ON THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING IN JUNIOR I BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savu Cristian Florian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available STUDY ON THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING IN JUNIOR I BASKETBALL PLAYERS24 october 2015 back Current archive Domain:Sport de performanta Tags:sport training physical training physiological indicators Savu Cristian Florian Abstract Sports training must benefit from scientific progress of fundamental research, which he conducted on it considerably influence through concrete answers in getting sports performance. Sports training must be subjected to rational application of principles and objectives to ensure a successful and analysing progress in training. Research objectives: To assess the level of general and specific physical training of junior basketball players I in dependent on the objectives of the team and the game. Determine the program for general and specific physical training and operational resources necessary in the framework of the annual training and incorporation of periods of junior basketball players I. Experimental verification of the rationale and effectiveness of sports training methodology based on global and differentiated treatment of General and specific physical training of junior basketball players I. Studies and research will demonstrate that the level of physical preparation has baschetbalistilor is characterized by a rather large difference in age, the dependence of the athletes and team performance goals to which they belong. Contributing research: Investigation will show that the physical training of basketball is characterized by a pretty big difference, depending on the age of the athletes playing position and team performance objectives they belong. Today, basketball is trying to universalise game stations, where each athlete can perform tasks, skills and abilities of every post game in different situations. Our research is based on the scientific-methodical argument preparation and differentiated global players primarily in terms of physical preparation. Hypothesis paper: General and specific physical

  16. Incidence and pattern of injuries among adolescent basketball players in Nigeria

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    Owoeye Oluwatoyosi Babatunde

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Basketball is the second most popular sport in Nigeria after football and is commonly played by adolescents. Prospective studies on adolescent basketball players in Nigeria are lacking. Such studies will help to develop injury counter-measures. Hence, this study aimed at determining the incidence and pattern of injuries among adolescent basketball players in Nigeria. Methods A prospective observational study involving 141 adolescent basketball players (75 boys and 66 girls; with age range 15 – 18 years who participated in the 2010 National Finals of the Nigeria Nestlé Milo Basketball Competition. Basketball-related injury data were collected by an assessor during the competition using a standardized basketball injury report form. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results A total of 32 injuries were recorded with an incidence of 22.7 injuries per 100 participants same for boys and girls. This is equivalent to 1.1 injury per match for boys and 0.9 injuries per match for girls. Jumping/landing was the most common cause of injury (28.1%, N = 9. Most of the injuries were at the lower extremities (75%, N = 24; with majority at the knee joint (40.6%, N = 13. Ligament sprain was the most common types of injury. The pattern of injuries among boys did not significantly differ from that of girls (P > 0.05. Most injuries (N = 13, 41% occurred in the offensive half of the court and cryotherapy was the most frequently used treatment modality. Conclusion The overall incidence of match injury among adolescent amateur basketball players during a national competition in Nigeria was 22.7 injuries per 100 participants; equivalence of 1.0 injury per match. The pattern of injuries was similar in both genders and consistent with what has been previously reported in literature for adolescent basketball players. Exercise-based injury prevention programmes aimed at improving core strength and

  17. Psychosocial Factors Involved in Transitions from College to Postcollege Careers for Male NCAA Division-1 Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Paul; O'Boyle, Ian

    2015-01-01

    This article investigated the key psychosocial factors that impact upon National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division-1 male basketball players, as they transition from college to postcollege athletic or nonathletic careers. Participants (N = 9) were current/former NCAA Division-1 basketball players. Four participants were selected…

  18. Growth, maturation, functional capacities and sport-specific skills in 12-13 year-old- basketball players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coelho e Silva, M. J.; Moreira Carvalho, H.; Goncalves, C. E.; Figueiredo, A. J.; Elferink-Gemser, M. T.; Philippaerts, R. M.; Malina, R. M.

    2010-01-01

    Aim. The influence of maturity status on body size, functional capacities and basketball-specific skills was evaluated and multivariate relationships between domains of variables were examined in 80 male basketball players 12.0-13.9 years. Methods. Height, body mass and two skinfolds were measured.

  19. Self-Talk in Wheelchair Basketball: The Effects of an Intervention Program on Dribbling and Passing Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbalis, Thomas; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis; Theodorakis, Yannis

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a self-talk intervention program on performance of wheelchair basketball drills. Twenty-two (N = 22) wheelchair basketball athletes from two different clubs of the same league participated in the study. The duration of the intervention was 12 weeks and its aim was the improvement of two…

  20. Comparison of Static and Dynamic Balance in Female Collegiate Soccer, Basketball, and Gymnastics Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bressel, Eadric; Yonker, Joshua C; Kras, John; Heath, Edward M

    2007-01-01

    Context: How athletes from different sports perform on balance tests is not well understood. When prescribing balance exercises to athletes in different sports, it may be important to recognize performance variations. Objective: To compare static and dynamic balance among collegiate athletes competing or training in soccer, basketball, and gymnastics. Design: A quasi-experimental, between-groups design. Independent variables included limb (dominant and nondominant) and sport played. Setting: A university athletic training facility. Patients or Other Participants: Thirty-four female volunteers who competed in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I soccer (n = 11), basketball (n = 11), or gymnastics (n = 12). Intervention(s): To assess static balance, participants performed 3 stance variations (double leg, single leg, and tandem leg) on 2 surfaces (stiff and compliant). For assessment of dynamic balance, participants performed multidirectional maximal single-leg reaches from a unilateral base of support. Main Outcome Measure(s): Errors from the Balance Error Scoring System and normalized leg reach distances from the Star Excursion Balance Test were used to assess static and dynamic balance, respectively. Results: Balance Error Scoring System error scores for the gymnastics group were 55% lower than for the basketball group (P = .01), and Star Excursion Balance Test scores were 7% higher in the soccer group than the basketball group (P = .04). Conclusions: Gymnasts and soccer players did not differ in terms of static and dynamic balance. In contrast, basketball players displayed inferior static balance compared with gymnasts and inferior dynamic balance compared with soccer players. PMID:17597942

  1. Ground of complex informing indexes and determination of their priority meaningfulness for the selection of skilled basketball-players in a command

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bezmylov N.N.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The questions of sporting selection and orientation of skilled basketball-players are considered. The complex of informing indexes of technical tactical actions is presented. The psychophysiological and morphological features of basketball-players are presented. The criteria of evaluation of basketball-players are resulted in the process of selection and orientation. Priority meaningfulness of these indexes is certain for the basketball-players of different playing line of business. The necessity of the complex going is grounded near the evaluation of possibilities of basketball-players at a selection in a command, determination of their playing functions on a ground.

  2. PARTICIPATION OF MINI-BASKETBALL PLAYERS DURING SMALL-SIDED COMPETITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M\\u00AA Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the differences of competition between mini-basketball with the traditional rules (5-a-side and minibasket with rule modifications (3-a-side such as: reduced number of players on court, compulsory participation in 2 of the match's 4 periods, reduced court size, placing the free throw line at 3m from the basket, and including a three-point line. The sample that was selected included 47 mini-basketball players, and the study was carried out using a quasi-experimental design without a control group. The aim was to determine the effect of rule modifications on the participation of the player with the ball. It was demonstrated that the degree of individual participation is greater in mini-basketball with modified rules.

  3. Is coaching experience associated with effective use of timeouts in basketball?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Serguei; Mukherjee, Satyam; Bagrow, James P.

    2012-09-01

    Experience is an important asset in almost any professional activity. In basketball, there is believed to be a positive association between coaching experience and effective use of team timeouts. Here, we analyze both the extent to which a team's change in scoring margin per possession after timeouts deviate from the team's average scoring margin per possession--what we called timeout factor, and the extent to which this performance measure is associated with coaching experience across all teams in the National Basketball Association over the 2009-2012 seasons. We find that timeout factor plays a minor role in the scoring dynamics of basketball. Surprisingly, we find that timeout factor is negatively associated with coaching experience. Our findings support empirical studies showing that, under certain conditions, mentors early in their careers can have a stronger positive impact on their teams than later in their careers.

  4. Spatial generalization in operant learning: lessons from professional basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiman, Tal; Loewenstein, Yonatan

    2014-05-01

    In operant learning, behaviors are reinforced or inhibited in response to the consequences of similar actions taken in the past. However, because in natural environments the "same" situation never recurs, it is essential for the learner to decide what "similar" is so that he can generalize from experience in one state of the world to future actions in different states of the world. The computational principles underlying this generalization are poorly understood, in particular because natural environments are typically too complex to study quantitatively. In this paper we study the principles underlying generalization in operant learning of professional basketball players. In particular, we utilize detailed information about the spatial organization of shot locations to study how players adapt their attacking strategy in real time according to recent events in the game. To quantify this learning, we study how a make\\miss from one location in the court affects the probabilities of shooting from different locations. We show that generalization is not a spatially-local process, nor is governed by the difficulty of the shot. Rather, to a first approximation, players use a simplified binary representation of the court into 2 pt and 3 pt zones. This result indicates that rather than using low-level features, generalization is determined by high-level cognitive processes that incorporate the abstract rules of the game. PMID:24853373

  5. Incidence of injury in Texas girls' high school basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, E; DeLee, J C; Farney, W C

    1996-01-01

    We studied the incidence of injury in girl's varsity basketball to characterize injury demographics in high school athletics. We defined a reportable injury as one that occurred during organized practice or competition, resulted in either missed practice or game time, required physician consultation, or involved the head or face. We prospectively evaluated the athletes on team rosters during the 1993 to 1994 season from 100 randomly selected Class 4A and 5A Texas public high schools that employed full-time certified athletic trainers. The 890 student athletes from 80 schools ranged in age from 14 to 18 years. Four hundred thirty-six injuries were reported for a rate of 0.49 per athlete per season. Injury risk, calculated on the basis of exposure time, was 0.4% per hour per athlete. Although game time accounted for only 12.5% of exposure time, it represented one half of the total injuries. Sprains and strains (56%) were the most common injuries, followed by contusions (15%) and dental injuries (14%). Injuries to the ankle (31%) and knee (19%) were by far the most common. There were 34 severe injuries defined as requiring surgery or hospitalization, for a rate of 0.038 per athlete per season. Knee injuries were by far the most likely to require surgeries, and ACL injuries accounted for 69% of the severe knee injuries. PMID:8883693

  6. The problem of shot selection in basketball: "The shooter's sequence"

    CERN Document Server

    Skinner, Brian

    2011-01-01

    In basketball, every time the offense produces a shot opportunity the player with the ball must decide whether the shot is worth taking or whether the team should hold the ball and wait for a better opportunity. In this paper, I explore the question of when a team should shoot and when they should pass up the shot by considering a simple theoretical model of the shot selection process, in which the quality of shot opportunities generated by the offense are assumed to fall randomly within a uniform distribution. I derive an answer to the question "how likely must the shot be to go in before the player should take it?", and show that this "lower cutoff" for shot quality $f$ depends crucially on the number $n$ of shot opportunities remaining (say, before the shot clock expires), with larger $n$ demanding that only higher-quality shots should be taken. The function $f(n)$, which here is dubbed "the shooter's sequence", has a surprisingly intricate mathematical form, constituting a recursive, quadratic map with no...

  7. NIR tracking assists sports medicine in junior basketball training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paeglis, Roberts; Bluss, Kristaps; Rudzitis, Andris; Spunde, Andris; Brice, Tamara; Nitiss, Edgars

    2011-07-01

    We recorded eye movements of eight elite junior basketball players. We hypothesized that a more stable gaze is correlated to a better shot rate. Upon preliminary testing we invited male juniors whose eyes could be reliably tracked in a game situation. To these ends, we used a head-mounted video-based eye tracker. The participants had no record of ocular or other health issues. No significant differences were found between shots made with and without the tracker cap, Paired samples t-test yielded p= .130 for the far and p=..900 > .050 for the middle range shots. The players made 40 shots from common far and middle range locations, 5 and 4 meters respectively for aged 14 years As expected, a statistical correlation was found between gaze fixation (in milliseconds) for the far and middle range shot rates, r=.782, p=.03. Notably, juniors who fixated longer before a shot had a more stable fixation or a lower gaze dispersion (in tracker's screen pixels), r=-.786, p=.02. This finding was augmented by the observation that the gaze dispersion while aiming at the basket was less (i.e., gaze more stable) in those who were more likely to score. We derived a regression equation linking fixation duration to shot success. We advocate infra-red eye tracking as a means to monitor player selection and training success.

  8. The relationship between basketball shooting kinematics, distance and playing position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, S; Bartlett, R

    1996-06-01

    Three-dimensional cinematography (100 Hz) was used to establish the relationship between distance and the kinematics of shooting with respect to playing position in basketball. Fifteen subjects, divided into guards, forwards and centres (all n = 5), performed jump shots from each of three distances: 2.74, 4.57 and 6.40 m from the basket. Increases in mean release speed were found as shooting distance increased for all groups. This was due to increased angular velocities of both shoulder flexion and elbow extension and an increased speed of the centre of mass in the direction of the basket. Release angles for the two shorter distances (52-55 degrees) tended to provide the advantage of a steep angle of entry into the basket, whereas those at the longest distance (48-50 degrees) were closer to those requiring the minimum possible release speed. All groups exhibited an earlier timing of release as shooting distance increased, which gave rise to an earlier rotation of the shoulder axis. The more consistent changes in kinematic patterns with changes in shooting distance exhibited by guards as compared to centres would suggest that such adjustments are easier to make for those players who regularly shoot from long range. PMID:8809716

  9. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PHYSICAL FITNESS AND PERFORMANCE OF MALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS IN DIFFERENT DIVISIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cihat KORKMAZ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available There is a lack of information about the influence of different practice levels on physical fitness and performance variables of male basketball players competing in different divisions. Hence, the purpose of this study is to compare selected physical fitness and performance variables of male players in Turkey National Basketball League’s Division I (D1, II (D2 and III (D3=Regional and to evaluate whether players with different divisional characteristics have different physical fitness and performance variables. From the Turkey basketball league, ninety male basketball players who are competing in the division I (n=30, division II (n=30 and division III (n=30 voluntarily participated in the study. Physical fitness (body height, mass and fat percentage and performance (vertical jump height (VJH, vertical jump power (VJP, VO2max and 20 m sprint measurements were taken in three separate consecutive days following the completion of the first session. D1 and D3 players overall weighed more and D1 players had more body fat (BF and lean body mass (LBM than D2. There were significant differences in VJP between divisions (D1>D2>D3= p≤0.05, but, the differences in sprint ability and body height were not significant. Although there was no difference between D1 and D2 in VO2max and VJH, their values were significantly higher than D3 (p≤0.05. These results showed that in spite of relatively little differences in the average physical characteristics, there were very large statistical differences between divisions in physical performance variables of male basketball players, especially VJP and LBM which is an important criterion of performance at basketball.

  10. Factors associated with deep tissue injury in male wheelchair basketball players of a Japanese national team

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    Hirotaka Mutsuzaki

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance of the sporting activity of elite athletes in adapted sports can be difficult if a secondary disorder, such as a pressure ulcer, occurs. Pressure ulcers result from deep tissue injuries by external pressure. The purpose of this study was to use ultrasonography to investigate deep tissue injuries in male wheelchair basketball players of a Japanese national team, and to determine factors associated with the injuries (e.g., body mass index, class of wheelchair basketball, underlying disease, length of athletic career, and whether use of wheelchair is primarily for playing basketball. Twenty male Japanese wheelchair basketball players on the national team for the 2012 London Paralympic Games (12 representative players and eight candidate representative players participated in this study. The sacral region and bilateral ischial regions in each athlete were examined by ultrasonography to detect low-echoic lesions indicative of deep tissue injuries. Nine (45% players had low-echoic lesions, which were detected in 10 of 60 areas. Eight lesions were detected in the sacral region and two lesions were detected in the ischial region. More players with spinal cord injury had low-echoic lesions [9 (69.2% of 13 players], compared to players with skeletal system disease [0 (0% of 7 players, p = 0.002]. Players who used a wheelchair in daily life were more likely to have low-echoic lesions [8 (66.74% of 12 players], compared to players who primarily used a wheelchair for playing basketball [1 (12.5% of 8 players, p = 0.010]. Deep tissue injuries were detected in 45% of male Japanese wheelchair basketball players on the national team. Players with spinal cord injury and players who used a wheelchair in daily life were more likely to have deep tissue injuries, particularly in the sacral region. The lesions were small, but a periodic medical check should be performed to maintain athletes' sporting life.

  11. Mental hoop diaries: Emotional memories of a college basketball game in rival fans

    OpenAIRE

    Botzung, Anne; Rubin, David C.; Miles, Amanda; Cabeza, Roberto; LaBar, Kevin S.

    2010-01-01

    The rivalry between the men’s basketball teams of Duke University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC) is one of the most storied traditions in college sports. A subculture of students at each university form social bonds with fellow fans, develop expertise in college basketball rules, team statistics, and individual players, and self-identify as a member of a fan group. The present study capitalized on the high personal investment of these fans and the strong affective teno...

  12. Results of the complex testing of basketball-players of student commands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaschuk S.G.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Outcomes of testing of special physical and technical readiness of basketball players of student's teams are exhibited. They characterize a level of readiness of sportsmen as below average. Among basketball players of one team essential individual discrepancies on anthropometric parameters and parameters of special physical and technical readiness are revealed. Discrepancies are supervised and on parameters of functionalities, vegetative balance. All this is necessary for taking into account at scheduling loadings, construction of training process, development of individual programs of preparation of sportsmen.

  13. DIFFERENCES IN PHYSIOLOGICAL LOAD OF THE REFEREES WITH COCIDERATION TO THE PERIOD OF THE BASKETBALL GAME

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    Siniša Popek

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The main object of this research was to determine the existance of statistically significant differences in physiological load of the referees concidering the period of the basketball game. The sample of subjects consisted of 31 referees, avarage age of 33.35 ± 5.17, from the A referee list of the 1st Croatian Basketball League in the contest season 2008/2009. The sample of variables consisted of the following: FSM - avarage heart rate; Fsmax – maximum heart rate; E – energy consumption (kcal/min. Measuring was done during official games of the 1st Croatian Basketball League in the contest season of 2008/2009. During the game, heart rate was measured with a cardiotachometer (an electronic device for heart rate measurement, produced by POLAR, model RS400 (Finland. Data processing was done using a programme package STATISTICA for Windows, ver 8. Based on the obtained results of univariate variance analysis it was concluded that there are no statistically significant differences in the physiological load between the first and second half – time, as well as between particular quarters of basketball games.

  14. “Liting it up”: Popular Culture, Indo-Pak Basketball, and South Asian American Institutions

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    Stanley Ilango Thangaraj

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available South Asian American participants of a co-ethnic basketball league, known as Indo-Pak Basketball, utilized urban basketball vernacular through the phrase “liting it up” to identify individuals scoring points in great numbers. The person “liting it up” becomes visible and receives recognition. Accordingly, I want to “lite up” the scholarship on South Asian America whereby situating South Asian American religious sites and cultural centers as key arenas for “Americanization” through US popular culture. I situate sport as a key element of popular culture through which South Asian American communities work out, struggle through, and contest notions of self. Informed by an Anthropology of Sport, ethnography of South Asian American communities in Atlanta takes place alongside an examination of the North American Indo-Pak Basketball circuit. Accordingly, my findings indicate that such community formation has also taken shape at the intersections of institutions, gender, and sexuality whereby excluding queers, women, and other communities of color.

  15. The Evaluation of Strength Training and Body Plyometric Effects on the Male Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayram, Metin

    2016-01-01

    This research evaluated the effects of resistance training with upper body plyometric effects on the performance of male basketball players. Sixteen males in the physical education and sport science faculty of Ataturk University were randomly determined into two groups. The experimental group performed a combined strength and plyometric training…

  16. Comparison Of Anxiety, Achievement Motivation And Personality Traits Of Basketball Players And Non-sportsmen

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    Madan Singh Rathore

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to assess the personality traits, anxiety and achievement motivation level of basketball players and non-sportsmen. The study conducted on 360 samples, consisting of 120 inter-college level basketball players, 120 inter-varsity level basketball players and 120 non-sportsmen of different colleges and universities. Personality traits were obtained by administrating Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPi, Anxiety were obtained by competitive state Anxiety inventory (CSAI-2, and Achievement motivation were obtained by using Sports Achievement Motivation Test. The date collected through aforesaid tests, were analyzed with respect to two dimensions of personality i.e. extroversion and neurotic; three dimensions of anxiety i.e. cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self confidence and achievement motivation. Schaffe's multi comparison test was applied to compute the significance of differences among three groups. The significance of data was judged at 0.01 and 0.05 levels, respectively. The result of the study indicates that higher level performance group was more extrovert than low performance group and non sportsmen, whereas non sportsmen were more neurotic than those of high and low performance group. Cognitive anxiety and somatic anxiety of non-sportsmen were higher than inter-varsity level Basketball players, whereas third factor i.e. self confidence, of higher performance groups, was more than non sportsmen. Achievement motivation level of high performance groups was also better than non sportsmen.

  17. Using Progressive Video Prompting to Teach Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability to Shoot a Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Ya-yu; Burk, Bradley; Burk, Bradley; Anderson, Adrienne L.

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined the effects of a modified video prompting procedure, namely progressive video prompting, to increase technique accuracy of shooting a basketball in the school gymnasium of three 11th-grade students with moderate intellectual disability. The intervention involved participants viewing video clips of an adult model who…

  18. Adamkus encouraged to grant citizenship to U.S. basketball player

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kuigi uus Leedu kodakondsusseaduse muudatus lubab anda Leedu koondises mängivatele välismaa tippsportlastele Leedu kodakondsuse, lükkas president Valdas Adamkus USA korvpalluri Kathryn Douglas'e kodakondsustaotluse tagasi. Sama ka: Adamkus denies U.S. basketball star citizenship//The Baltic Times 2006, 24-30 aug., lk 4

  19. Accelerometer Load Profiles for Basketball-Specific Drills in Elite Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavi Schelling, Lorena Torres

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to quantify the workload during basketball-specific drills measured through microtechnology. Twelve professional male basketball players from the Spanish 1st Division were monitored over a 4-week period. Data were collected from 16 sessions, for a total of 95 ± 33 drills per player. Workload data (Acceleration load; AL were obtained from a tri-axial accelerometer at 100Hz sampling frequency, and were expressed over time (AL.min-1. Comparisons among training drills (i.e., 2v2, 3v3, 4v4, and 5v5 were assessed via standardized mean differences. Full-court 3v3 and 5v5 showed the highest physical demand (AL.min-1: 18.7 ± 4.1 and 17.9 ± 4.6, respectively compared with other traditional balanced basketball drills such as 2v2 and 4v4 (14.6 ± 2.8 and 13.8±2.5, respectively. The AL.min-1 on half-court showed trivial-to-moderate differences with a likely increase of ~10-20% in 2v2 drill compared with any other formats. This study provides insight into the specific requirements of a range of exercises typically performed in basketball sessions. The use of accelerometer data is presented as a useful tool in assessing the workload.

  20. Jumping through Hoops: College Choice Experiences of African American Male Community College Club Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Kimberly Carlotta

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to learn what factors influenced the college choice decision-making process of African American male club basketball players in the community college. To understand how the participants determined their educational path, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 21 African American male students who were enrolled in at least six…

  1. Assessment of Challenges and Opportunity of Basketball Developments in Some Selected Regions in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tufa, Gemechu Beker

    2015-01-01

    The intent of this study is to assess the challenges and Opportunity of Basketball development of in Some Selected Regions Ethiopia. The research made Addis Ababa, Oromia, Gambella and South Nation Nationality and People Regional States as the sites of this study. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches particularly a descriptive survey were…

  2. Experts Appear to Use Angle of Elevation Information in Basketball Shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Rita Ferraz; Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Beek, Peter J.

    2009-01-01

    For successful basketball shooting, players must use information about the location of the basket relative to themselves. In this study, the authors examined to what extent shooting performance depends on the absolute distance to the basket ("m") and the angle of elevation (alpha). In Experiment 1, expert players took jump shots under different…

  3. Generality of the Matching Law as a Descriptor of Shot Selection in Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alferink, Larry A.; Critchfield, Thomas S.; Hitt, Jennifer L.; Higgins, William J.

    2009-01-01

    Based on a small sample of highly successful teams, past studies suggested that shot selection (two- vs. three-point field goals) in basketball corresponds to predictions of the generalized matching law. We examined the generality of this finding by evaluating shot selection of college (Study 1) and professional (Study 3) players. The matching law…

  4. Ticket Office Sexism: The Gender Gap in Pricing for NCAA Division I Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappano, Laura; Tracy, Allison J.

    2009-01-01

    Tickets to college sports--and men's and women's Division I college basketball in particular--may appear on the surface no different than tickets members of the public may buy to attend professional sporting events. But unlike professional franchises, colleges are non-profit organizations and, in many cases, public institutions. Decisions around…

  5. Generations: Academic and Athletic Integration of a Southern PWI Basketball Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Langston; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Bimper, Albert Y.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: (a) analyze the insights and experiences of the 1st African American student-athlete (in basketball) at a prominent predominantly White institution in the Deep South as well as the later insights and experiences of his sons at the same university; and (b) to present a counterstory to the dominant…

  6. The Conversational Framework and the ISE "Basketball Shot" Video Analysis Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Vincent; Crotty, Yvonne; Farren, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    Inspiring Science Education (ISE) (http://www.inspiringscience.eu/) is an EU funded initiative that seeks to further the use of inquiry-based science learning (IBSL) through the medium of ICT in the classroom. The Basketball Shot is a scenario (lesson plan) that involves the use of video capture to help the student investigate the concepts of…

  7. What Skills and Tactics Are Needed to Play Adult Pick-Up Basketball Games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianyu; Liu, Wenhao; Moffit, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine skill levels and performance patterns of regular players of pick-up basketball games. By a survey, 65 participants were identified as regular players and participated in the study. An observational instrument used to analyze game performance of the participants was developed and both content and construct…

  8. The influence of basketball dribbling on repeated high-intensity intermittent runs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaowei Kong

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: The results suggest that the Yo-Yo IE2 test could reflect the repeatability of high-intensity intermittent basketball dribbling performance, while dribbling skills may have different influences on high-intensity intermittent exercise capacity in adolescent players at different ages.

  9. Division I Men's Basketball Scholarship: The Challenges of Being a Black Male Athlete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Lonnie

    2015-01-01

    The Qualitative research will explore issues that interface particularly with Black student- athletes on Division 1 basketball scholarships regarding academic readiness, academic support, family support and how the experience of a Division 1 scholarship impacted their lives. The population of Black student-athletes that the focus of the research…

  10. Does Big-Time Success in Football or Basketball Affect SAT Scores?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Irvin B., III; Amato, Louis

    1993-01-01

    Examines the effects of academics and athletics (including football and basketball variables) on first-year college students' Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores at U.S. universities engaged in big-time intercollegiate sports. Academic variables rather than athletic success variables determine the level of average first-year students' SAT…

  11. Methods of technical and tactical training basketball players with hearing impairments using innovative technologies

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    Kozina Zh.L

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to develop information technology for technical and tactical training of skilled basketball players with hearing impairments. Material : the study involved 24 women's national team athletes Ukrainian Basketball hearing impaired (age - 25-30 years. Technical protocols were processed 12 games from the World Cup and Europe, XXII Summer Deaflympics. Fixed number of shots and hit free throws, steals, rebounds and on its offensive rebounds, fouls and errors. Results : the developed system of tactical training basketball players with hearing impairments. Accentuation was made of the prevalence of method visibility while developing tactical interactions. The main result was the development of the author's method of video tutorials with animated illustrations. Also, use the lamp LS Line-3-65-12-C to control the training process athletes. Conclusions : there was a significant improvement in competitive activity athletes. Athletes performed significantly more hits from the foul line and successful shots from long range compared to main rivals. Also increased the number of interceptions in games. Application of information technology had an impact on the competitive result: basketball team of Ukraine took the second place in the Deaflympics in Sofia in 2013.

  12. Graduation Rates Hit Lowest Level in 7 Years for Athletes in Football and Basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suggs, Welch

    1999-01-01

    Graduation rates of football players and men's and women's basketball players at National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I colleges have reached their lowest level in seven years, with fewer black athletes graduating than at any time since the mid-1980s. Eight universities graduated at least 90% of athletes enrolling between 1989 and…

  13. Characterization of college football athletes and basketball: Anthropometry and Body Composition

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    Jesús Gil Gómez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction and Objectives. Anthropometric study of university population, comprising men and women college athletes participating in the Championships of Spain's 2008 College basketball and football. The aim of this study is to describe the body composition of male and female college athletes in football and basketball specialtiesMethods. This is a cross-sectional study with direct anthropometric measurements. These have been obtained by following the rules and techniques recommended by the International Group of Cineantropometry.Results. The college athletes generally have a higher percentage of muscle weight and fat mass and bone weight lower percentage of male college athletes. The male basketball players have a higher percentage of fat mass and bone weight and lower percentage of muscle weight in football players.  mong women, we found that basketball players have a higher percentage of bone weight and lower percentage of fat mass and muscle mass than soccer players.Conclusions. The competitive level of body composition changes substantially, primarily among females. It is important to have data on body composition at the college level.Keywords: Body Composition, Fat Mass, Muscle Mass, Weight Bone, Anthropometry.

  14. ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF ADOLESCENT ATHLETES' MOTIVATION: BASKETBALL PLAYERS VS. FOOTBALL PLAYERS

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    Bartolom\\u00E9 J. Almagro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The motivation of an athlete is determinant for the athletic engagement of the adolescent. The present study attempts to analyze the motivation of adolescent basketball and football players from the perspectives of Achievement Goal Theory (Nicholls, 1989 and Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985. The study's sample was composed of 248 athletes from 12 to 17 years of age. Half were from basketball and half were from football. The instruments that were utilized were: the Spanish version of the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS (Núñez, Martín-Albo, Navarro, & González, 2006, the Spanish version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMSCQ-2 (Balaguer, Mayo, Atienza, & Duda, 1997, and the adapted Spanish translation (Moreno, Moreno, & Cervelló, 2007 of the Intention to be Physically Active Scale (IPAS by Hein, Müür, and Koka (2004. The comparison of the means of the variables between football and basketball players was done utilizing the student t-test for independent samples. Significant differences were found for variables such as: intrinsic motivation (IM toward accomplishment, external regulation, amotivation, task, ego, and Self-Determination Index (SDI. Basketball players obtained higher values in the SDI, in task, and in IM toward accomplishment than football players. The search for premature performance in football and coaches' educations can help to explain these differences. The importance of these differences reside in the relationship between these motivational variables and the adherence to athletic practice. In conclusion, basketball demonstrated better values in motivational variables, which demonstrates that training sessions are more oriented toward task than ego, that players have more intrinsic and self-determined motivation, and therefore, the adherence of the young athletes will be greater in this sport.

  15. Physique and Performance of Young Wheelchair Basketball Players in Relation with Classification.

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    Valentina Cavedon

    Full Text Available The relationships among physical characteristics, performance, and functional ability classification of younger wheelchair basketball players have been barely investigated to date. The purpose of this work was to assess anthropometry, body composition, and performance in sport-specific field tests in a national sample of Italian younger wheelchair basketball players as well as to evaluate the association of these variables with the players' functional ability classification and game-related statistics. Several anthropometric measurements were obtained for 52 out of 91 eligible players nationwide. Performance was assessed in seven sport-specific field tests (5m sprint, 20m sprint with ball, suicide, maximal pass, pass for accuracy, spot shot and lay-ups and game-related statistics (free-throw points scored per match, two- and three-point field-goals scored per match, and their sum. Association between variables, and predictivity was assessed by correlation and regression analysis, respectively. Players were grouped into four Classes of increasing functional ability (A-D. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction for multiple comparisons was used to assess differences between Classes. Sitting height and functional ability Class especially correlated with performance outcomes, but wheelchair basketball experience and skinfolds did not. Game-related statistics and sport-specific field-test scores all showed significant correlation with each other. Upper arm circumference and/or maximal pass and lay-ups test scores were able to explain 42 to 59% of variance in game-related statistics (P<0.001. A clear difference in performance was only found for functional ability Class A and D.In younger wheelchair basketball players, sitting height positively contributes to performance. The maximal pass and lay-ups test should be carefully considered in younger wheelchair basketball training plans. Functional ability Class reflects to a limited extent the actual

  16. Sports and colors: the color effect of team shirts on basketball games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwase, Masanori

    2002-06-01

    The research for basketball has been focused upon the color effect on the team shirts by means of sports and colors. University basketball club members and university students (who did not belong to the university basketball club members) participated in this study. Colors of team shirts were analyzed by A.H. Munsell's method (Hue, Value, Chroma). To each of four games were given four different color conditions: The first is on condition that players of both teams wore different five-colored team shirts (white, red, blue, green, orange).The second is on condition that all players of both teams wore white team shirts. The third is on condition that all players of the one team wore red team shirts and the others wore orange. The fourth is on condition that all players of the one team wore blue team shirts and the others wore green. The questionnaire, the number of shots, and passes were analyzed of statistics (x2 :1 X m contingency table) on the above mentioned conditions. The results were as follows: (1) The number of successful shots that university basketball club members made were higher than university students. (2) The number of unsuccessful passes that university students made were higher than university basketball club members. (3) Analyzed by statistics (x2:1 X contingency table), the apparent distinction of the color effect was not found. These results could be due to players requirements of momentary judgement such as their recognition of the other players face or voice. This seems to depend upon different factors of the subject himself on a physical strength level as well as on a technical level.

  17. Dietary supplement for basketball players%篮球运动员的膳食营养补充

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永进

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, by studying the basketball program as well as the characteristics of energy metabolism, analyses the requirements and significance of basketball athletes dietary, summed up the athlete through dietary nutrition to promote, improve the effect of training and competitive ability of basketball. In order to provide reference for the basketball athlete scientific and reasonable dietary nutrition intake.%本文通过研究篮球运动项目的专项以及能量代谢的特点,分析了篮球运动员膳食营养的要求、意义,归纳出运动员通过膳食营养促进、提高篮球训练的效果和竞技能力。旨在为篮球运动员摄取科学合理的膳食营养提供参考。

  18. Assessment of noise exposure for basketball sports referees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masullo, Massimiliano; Lenzuni, Paolo; Maffei, Luigi; Nataletti, Pietro; Ciaburro, Giuseppe; Annesi, Diego; Moschetto, Antonio

    2016-06-01

    Dosimetric measurements carried out on basketball referees have shown that whistles not only generate very high peak sound pressure levels, but also play a relevant role in determining the overall exposure to noise of the exposed subjects. Because of the peculiar geometry determined by the mutual positions of the whistle, the microphone, and the ear, experimental data cannot be directly compared with existing occupational noise exposure and/or action limits. In this article, an original methodology, which allows experimental results to be reliably compared with the aforementioned limits, is presented. The methodology is based on the use of two correction factors to compensate the effects of the position of the dosimeter microphone (fR) and of the sound source (fS). Correction factors were calculated by means of laboratory measurements for two models of whistles (Fox 40 Classic and Fox 40 Sonik) and for two head orientations (frontal and oblique).Results sho w that for peak sound pressure levels the values of fR and fS, are in the range -8.3 to -4.6 dB and -6.0 to -1.7 dB, respectively. If one considers the Sound Exposure Levels (SEL) of whistle events, the same correction factors are in the range of -8.9 to -5.3 dB and -5.4 to -1.5 dB, respectively. The application of these correction factors shows that the corrected weekly noise exposure level for referees is 80.6 dB(A), which is slightly in excess of the lower action limit of the 2003/10/EC directive, and a few dB below the Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The corrected largest peak sound pressure level is 134.7 dB(C) which is comparable to the lower action limit of the 2003/10/EC directive, but again substantially lower than the ceiling limit of 140 dB(A) set by NIOSH. PMID:26853828

  19. The Influence of the ‘Trier Social Stress Test’ on Free Throw Performance in Basketball: An Interdisciplinary Study

    OpenAIRE

    Mascret, Nicolas; Ibáñez-Gijón, Jorge; Bréjard, Vincent; Buekers, Mart; Casanova, Rémy; Marqueste, Tanguy; Montagne, Gilles; Rao, Guillaume; Roux, Yannick; CURY, François

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between stress and sport performance in a controlled setting. The experimental protocol used to induce stress in a basketball free throw was the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and its control condition (Pla- cebo-TSST). Participants (n = 19), novice basketball players but trained sportspersons, were exposed to two counterbalanced conditions in a crossover design. They were equipped with sensors to measure movement execution, whi...

  20. EFFECT OF WOBBLE BOARD BALANCE TRAINING PROGRAM ON STATIC BALANCE, DYNAMIC BALANCE & TRIPLE HOP DISTANCE IN MALE COLLEGIATE BASKETBALL ATHLETE

    OpenAIRE

    Neeraj Panwar, MPT (Sports); Gaurav Kadyan, MPT (Sports); Aseem Gupta, MPT (Sports); Ravinder Narwal, MPT (Ortho,Cardiopulmonary)

    2014-01-01

    Aim & Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of wobble board balance training program on static & dynamic balance & on triple hop distance in male collegiate basketball athletes. Methodology: Fifty healthy basketball players within a age group of 18-22 yrs. were randomly selected with a baseline BESS score between 6 to 14 & modified SEBT score equal to or greater than 94 (till 100) and they randomly divided into control (n-25) & training group (n-25).The training grou...

  1. The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Lehnert; Karel Hůlka; Tomáš Malý; Jaroslav Fohler; František Zahálka

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Explosive strength of the lower extremities and agility are important parts of game performance in basketball. Although numerous studies have focused on the assessment of the training effect of plyometric training, studies focusing on elite players are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out what changes in explosive strength of the lower extremities take place after a 6 week plyometric training applied in training units during the pre-season in elite basketball p...

  2. The Effect of a Simulated Basketball Game on Players’ Sprint and Jump Performance, Temperature and Muscle Damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pliauga Vytautas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite extensive data regarding the demands of playing basketball, the relative importance of factors that cause fatigue and muscle potentiation has been explored only tentatively and remains unclear. The aim of this experimental field study was to assess changes in leg muscle power and relate these changes to body temperature modifications and indices of exercise-induced muscle damage in response to a simulated basketball game. College-level male basketball players (n=10 were divided into two teams to play a simulated basketball game. Ten-meter sprint and vertical counter-movement jump tests, core body temperature and creatine-kinase activity were measured within 48 h after the game. The participants’ body temperatures increased after a warm-up (1.9%, p200%, p30%, p<0.05 after the game, indicating damage to the players’ muscles. The basketball players’ sprint and jump performance appear to be at least in part associated with body temperature changes, which might contribute to counteract fatigue during the larger part of a basketball game.

  3. ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS: SOMATOTYPE AND BODY COMPOSITION VALUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yener BEKTAŞ

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyse the somatotype and body composition characteristics of female basketball players and to demonstrate the changes between different category levels. For this purpose 37 female basketball players were subjected from Et-Balik Sports Club representing 4 different categories. 11 anthropometric measurements; body weight, height, humerus and femur bicondylar breadth, biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac and thigh skinfold thickness, biceps and thigh circumference data were collected according to the International Biological Programme (IBP and International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK. The mean age of the subjects were 13.84 + 4.34 (year where weight 55.4 + 15.7 (kg and height 162.2 + 11.6 (cm. Study results showed gradual increase tendency in body fat pattern through categories. Subsequently body somatotypes were differed between categories as well. As a general tendency the somatotype characteristics of the subjects were found to be endomorphic mesomorph.

  4. Improving athletic performance of basketball student team with the classical yoga exercises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brynzak S.S.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The results of the study of the effect of yoga exercises on the preparedness of the student basketball team. The study involved 25 athletes aged 17-20 years. The experimental group consisted of 13 players dealt in accordance with the proposed set of yoga exercises, which were used in the introductory, preparatory and final part. In the main part of the problem solved basketball directions. Classes in both groups were conducted 4 times a week for 2 hours for 9 months. Found that the use of exercises yoga pose direct impact on the physical indicators of preparedness players. Found an increase in the level of indicators: vertical jump, speed endurance, speed, retention of equilibrium (balance, free throw, with the movement, three-point shots, free throws, tactical execution.

  5. The Role Of Contested And Uncontested Passes In Evaluating Defensive Basketball Efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James T. Bartholomew

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The global economic impact of basketball is measured in tens of billions of dollars and requires the efficient use of resources to maximize success on and off the court. Today, coaches, players, investors, and owners need to take full advantage of modern analytical methods and digital video software capabilities to make the most efficient use of a team’s resources. This research is the first in a series that makes full use of modern analytic methods and begins to define new defensive and offensive criteria to supplement the decades old game box score performance information. Data envelopment analysis and statistical methods are used to evaluate two new defensive performance metrics on defensive efficiency. The two new defensive metrics are contested and uncontested passes that are fully defined in the article’s appendix. Future research will expand the sample size and allow for more comprehensive models of basketball team defensive efficiency.

  6. Bilateral synchronous stress fracture of the tibia in a young female basketball player

    OpenAIRE

    Posadzy, Magdalena; Vanhoenacker, Filip

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a bilateral synchronous stress fracture of the tibia in a young female basketball player. The patient was initially referred for ultrasound and radiographs of the knees to exclude Osgood-Schlatter disease. Radiographs and subsequent MRI revealed bilateral stress fractures of the proximal tibia. A synchronous and symmetrical occurrence of stress fractures in the lower limbs is unusual. As clinical presentation is often nonspecific, appropriate imaging (plain films and MRI)...

  7. Bilateral Synchronous Stress Fracture of the Tibia in a Young Female Basketball Player

    OpenAIRE

    Posadzy, Magdalena; Vanhoenacker, Filip

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a bilateral synchronous stress fracture of the tibia in a young female basketball player. The patient was initially referred for ultrasound and radiographs of the knees to exclude Osgood-Schlatter disease. Radiographs and subsequent MRI revealed bilateral stress fractures of the proximal tibia. A synchronous and symmetrical occurrence of stress fractures in the lower limbs is unusual. As clinical presentation is often nonspecific, appropriate imaging (plain films and MRI)...

  8. The Interface of Nutritional Practices of Selected Basketball Players of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, On Performance

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The nutritional practices of athletes are critical to sports performance, since good result is the goal or expectations of all sports stake-holders, coaches, sports administrators/managers and spectators alike, therefore the issue of good nutrition regarding these “human machines” (athletes), calls for serious attention. This research, therefore tried to examine the nutritional practices of some selected Basketball players of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (UNIZIK) Awka, in Anambra State of Nigeri...

  9. Market Research for a Basketball Tournament in Hanoi – Run and Shoot

    OpenAIRE

    DANG, Vu

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to conduct researches on Hanoi market and target customer opinions to-wards the idea of expanding the basketball tournament Run and Shoot to Hanoi, Vietnam. The objectives of the thesis were to study the market characteristics considering its macro- and micro environment and to analyze the targeted customers’ opinions in order to propose initial recommendations to support the tournament expansion progress and further operation. The theoretical background concen...

  10. Programmatic-methodical providing of preparation of student commands on basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troyan V.M.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Basic directions of perfection of sporting preparation of student team are considered on basketball. The terms of effective education of personality of student are selected. The positive and subzero aspects of forms of physical preparation of sportsmen are rotined. The ways of rational development and use of natural capabilities of sportsman are certain in his professional and public activity. It is presented programmatic-methodical providing of training process of student commands in the institutes of higher of Russia.

  11. STUDY REGARDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEED THROUGH SPECIFIC BASKETBALL MEANS AND METHODS IN SIXTH GRADE STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Ciocan Catalin

    2014-01-01

    The modernization of the training process needs an active and creative participation of the teachers in educating the pupils. Without knowing the new aspects of basketball theory and practice, without a deep understanding of the general methods of teaching the game to children and adolescents, we cannot actively and effectively participate in the development of education.The motivation to choose this subject was given by the importance the fundamental components have in the game, the national...

  12. STUDY REGARDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEED THROUGH SPECIFIC BASKETBALL MEANS AND METHODS IN SIXTH GRADE STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciocan Catalin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The modernization of the training process needs an active and creative participation of the teachers in educating the pupils. Without knowing the new aspects of basketball theory and practice, without a deep understanding of the general methods of teaching the game to children and adolescents, we cannot actively and effectively participate in the development of education.The motivation to choose this subject was given by the importance the fundamental components have in the game, the national decrease of the game’s value, the lack of data that will assure the directing of the individual and collective training during the middle school physical education lesson. The aim of the research was to study a methodical concept suited for developing speed through specific basketball means and methods in the sixth grade physical education lessons, having as a basis the new curricular elements requested by the teaching reform in this stage.The study was conducted at the "Mihai Drăgan" School, in Bacău, over the course of approximately one year, 2012-2013.In this sense, the hypothesis for this paper states that the gradual introduction of specific means and methods for developing speed in the physical education lesson was considered to ensure an increase in the multilateral instruction, which improves the basic content of physical education in school.The strategy we suggested is based on introducing in middle-school physical education lessons, and especially in the 6th grade, preparing games for a quicker and more effective basketball learning.The development of the experiment and the interpretation of the results have lead to the following conclusions:The study emphasized the development of speed in pupils, and their ability to learn basketball faster through the use of preparing games.

  13. Marketing: Market Research For A Start-Up Business – A Basketball Style Coffeehouse

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Van Hoang

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to conduct researches on Vietn am, especially Hanoi market environment, and targeted customers behaviours and opinions towards a business idea of initiating a basketball-themed coffeehouse in Hanoi, Vietnam. The objectives of the thesis were to study the current market characteristics considering its macro- and micro-environment, as well as analysing the targeted customers’ expectations; and propose initial recommendations to support the business establi...

  14. Age of menarche in Indian female basketball and volleyball players at different competitive levels.

    OpenAIRE

    Mokha, R; Sidhu, L S

    1989-01-01

    Data for the age of menarche have been collected on 98 female volleyball players and 75 basketball players. The players belonged to four different levels of competition: international, national, intervarsity and district. Menarche is significantly delayed in players as compared with the controls. There is a continuous trend of increase in the age of menarche with the increasing levels of competition; menarche is more delayed in players playing at a higher level than those at the lower levels ...

  15. Effects of Dynamic Neuromuscular Analysis Training on Static and Dynamic Balance in Indian Female Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    Archna Sharma; Megha Arora; Shyamal Koley

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of dynamic neuromuscular analysis on static and dynamic balance of Indian state level female athletes. It was hypothesized that the training protocol would improve both static and dynamic components of the balance, improving dynamic balance more than static. A total of 43 randomly selected state level female basketball players aged 16 -18 years participated in the study. The subjects were further divided into two groups, viz. Dynamic Neurom...

  16. Mixing the princes and the paupers: Pay and performance in the National Basketball Association

    OpenAIRE

    Simmons, R; D J Berri

    2010-01-01

    We investigate how team and individual performances of players in the National Basketball Association respond to variations in intra-team pay inequality. By breaking down team dispersion into conditional and expected components, we find that expected pay dispersion has a positive effect on team and individual performance. We find that team and individual performances are essentially orthogonal to conditional pay inequality, counter to the hypotheses of fairness and cohesion proposed in the li...

  17. Exploring Game Performance in the National Basketball Association Using Player Tracking Data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Sampaio

    Full Text Available Recent player tracking technology provides new information about basketball game performance. The aim of this study was to (i compare the game performances of all-star and non all-star basketball players from the National Basketball Association (NBA, and (ii describe the different basketball game performance profiles based on the different game roles. Archival data were obtained from all 2013-2014 regular season games (n = 1230. The variables analyzed included the points per game, minutes played and the game actions recorded by the player tracking system. To accomplish the first aim, the performance per minute of play was analyzed using a descriptive discriminant analysis to identify which variables best predict the all-star and non all-star playing categories. The all-star players showed slower velocities in defense and performed better in elbow touches, defensive rebounds, close touches, close points and pull-up points, possibly due to optimized attention processes that are key for perceiving the required appropriate environmental information. The second aim was addressed using a k-means cluster analysis, with the aim of creating maximal different performance profile groupings. Afterwards, a descriptive discriminant analysis identified which variables best predict the different playing clusters. The results identified different playing profile of performers, particularly related to the game roles of scoring, passing, defensive and all-round game behavior. Coaching staffs may apply this information to different players, while accounting for individual differences and functional variability, to optimize practice planning and, consequently, the game performances of individuals and teams.

  18. Characteristics of the dimensions and sub-dimensions of young basketball players' personalities

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present work is to assess the personality traits of young basketball players aged 16-18 years (n=186) through the description of the dimensions and sub-dimension from the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ) regarding personality. This was a non-experimental study in which a descriptive transversal design was used. The results that were obtained indicate the players in the selected sample are characterized as people who are: a) moderately dynamic, extraverted and dominant; b) ...

  19. A COMPARATIVE STUDY RELATING PASS BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Antonios THEOHAROPOULOS; Konstantinos LAPARIDIS K; Christos GALAZOULAS; George TSITSKARIS

    2010-01-01

    The main goal of this research is to examine the importance of different kind of passes through their frequency of appearance and success that male and female basketball players execute in Greek championships.The sample consisted of male and female teams of Thessaloniki - Greece. The 1st group consisted of male teams (18 from different divisions) while the 2nd group consisted of female teams (10). Data collection was based on personal observation by a research team, who registries the kind of...

  20. The positioning of federate sports in Portugal: handball, basketball, roller hockey and volleyball

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Celina; Correia, Abel

    2005-01-01

    Sport is constituted by a multiplicity of activities with different purposes, concepts and cultural representations. Before the increase of supply, Sports Federations need to understand the practitioners in relation to the several possibilities of practice and to position their sports according to their competitors. In this context, the purpose of this study is the positioning of team federate sports (handball, basketball, roller hockey and volleyball). According to Lindon et al.,...

  1. Effect of fatigue on productivity of throws in competitive activity of basketball players on carriages

    OpenAIRE

    Mishin M.V.

    2009-01-01

    Constantly increasing competition on world sports arena puts forward more and more complex problems before sports pedagogics. Major of them is a problem of increase of level and reliability of sports result. Improvement of productivity of game actions in Wheelchair Basketball is closely connected with increase of accuracy of throws of a ball in a ring. Quality of this technique is a determinative in victory achievement. Increase of accuracy of throws of a ball and stability preservation can s...

  2. Effects of Acutely Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Running Economy and Physical Performance in Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilding, Andrew E; Dobson, Bryan P; Ikeda, Erika

    2016-07-01

    Kilding, AE, Dobson, BP, and Ikeda, E. Effects of acutely intermittent hypoxic exposure on running economy and physical performance in basketball players. J Strength Cond Res 30(7): 2033-2042, 2016-The aim of this study was to determine the effect of short duration intermittent hypoxic exposure (IHE) on physical performance in basketball players. Using a single-blind placebo-controlled group design, 14 trained basketball players were subjected to 15 days of passive short duration IHE (n = 7), or normoxic control (CON, n = 7), using a biofeedback nitrogen dilution device. A range of physiological, performance, and hematological variables were measured at baseline, and 10 days after IHE. After intervention, the IHE group, relative to the CON group, exhibited improvements in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 (+4.8 ± 1.6%; effect size [ES]: 1.0 ± 0.4) and repeated high-intensity exercise test performance (-3.5 ± 1.6%; ES: -0.4 ± 0.2). Changes in hematological parameters were minimal, although soluble transferrin receptor increased after IHE (+9.2 ± 10.1%; ES: 0.3 ± 0.3). Running economy at 11 km·h (-9.0 ± 9.7%; ES: -0.7 ± 0.7) and 13 km·h was improved (-8.2 ± 6.9%; ES: -0.7 ± 0.5), but changes to V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak, HRpeak, and lactate were unclear. In summary, acutely IHE resulted in worthwhile changes in physical performance tests among competitive basketball players. However, physiological measures explaining the performance enhancement were in most part unclear. PMID:26677826

  3. Creating Product Interest For The Danish Men’s Basketball National Team

    OpenAIRE

    Dossing, Jens

    2015-01-01

    This paper explored how to create interest for the Danish men’s basketball national team (DMBNT). The objective was to create strategic marketing mix recommendations grounded in sports marketing and sponsorship theories. An interview with the DMBNT manager Rasmus Winkel, provided data that was analyzed with the contingency framework for strategic sports marketing. The framework studies external and internal contingencies, and a SWOT analysis for the DMBNT was conducted based on the findings. ...

  4. Use of applying aerobics classes at the recreational focus on basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boyko A.L.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Raised the problem of optimizing the teaching process in physical education. 60 students took part in research. Proposed use of the author's method applied to the aerobics classes in basketball. This technique promotes the development of coordination abilities, flexibility, endurance, speed qualities. It used a combination of aerobics with the means of application and technical training for players, which include elements of the stands, bends, various movements. Also presented the structure of classes and their contents.

  5. Use of applying aerobics classes at the recreational focus on basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Boyko A. L.; Anikeenko L.V.; Efremenko V.N.; Mischuk D.N.

    2010-01-01

    Raised the problem of optimizing the teaching process in physical education. 60 students took part in research. Proposed use of the author's method applied to the aerobics classes in basketball. This technique promotes the development of coordination abilities, flexibility, endurance, speed qualities. It used a combination of aerobics with the means of application and technical training for players, which include elements of the stands, bends, various movements. Also presented the structure o...

  6. Basketball training influences shot selection assessment : a multi-attribute decision-making approach1

    OpenAIRE

    Llorca-Miralles, Javier; Sánchez-Delgado, Guillermo; Piñar López, Maria Isabel; Cárdenas Vélez, David; Perales, José Cesar

    2013-01-01

    In spite of the fact that shoot selection is a crucial ingredient of performance in basketball, the judgment and decision making processes involved in it have been largely neglected. In the present work, we explore individuals’ strategies to assess the adequateness of shooting (in a simulation laboratory task) in situations varying in the degree of physical defensive pressure, rebound, defensive balance and shooting distance. Our results showed that the four target dimensions have an impact o...

  7. Hydration profile and sweat loss perception of male and female division II basketball players during practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thigpen, Lauren K; Green, James M; OʼNeal, Eric K

    2014-12-01

    Hydration affects multiple aspects of basketball performance, but few investigations have examined the hydration profiles of collegiate basketball players. We examined multiday prepractice hydration status of 11 male and 11 female NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) Division II basketball players' sweat losses, fluid intake, and how accurately players estimated their sweat losses. Urine-specific gravity (USG) was spontaneously assessed before 2 practices. Sweat losses and fluid intakes were measured during a conditioning practice (CP) and sport-specific practice (SP). After practices, players filled 1,030 ml practice bottles to estimate their sweat losses. Urine-specific gravity between practices exhibited a moderate correlation (r = 0.54; p = 0.012) and were consistently high (17% of samples = USG >1.030) with no difference in mean USG between men (1.026 ± 0.004) and women (1.022 ± 0.008). Athletes' estimations of their sweat loss volumes between CP and the longer SP were strongly correlated (r = 0.88; p athletes and be used to educate on between-practice fluid needs. PMID:24875428

  8. DECISION-MAKING OF SPANISH FEMALE BASKETBALL TEAM PLAYERS WHILE THEY ARE COMPETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Concepci\\u00F3n Jim\\u00E9nez S\\u00E1nchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making play a very important role in basketball. While the game is taking place, players are constantly choosing what to do. In order to carry out this research work, two questions have been formulated: 1 how do high level female basketball players make a decision while they are competing? 2 which key components do they use to make the best decisions? The twelve players who make up the Spanish female basketball team have taken part in this project. They all participated in the 2008 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament, which took place in Madrid. This tournament allowed them to qualify and take part in the 2008 Olympic Games, where they finished in fifth place. A questionnaire and an interview have been used to make this research possible. The matches of the 2008 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament have also been analyzed. Those aspects in terms of the team's performance in 1x1 and 2x2 attack situations, and more specifically in pick actions, have been recorded and analyzed. In order to include these data, a system of specific categories and variables has been established. The results show that players are expert on making decisions during the competition. In order to come to this conclusion, their opinions, style of decision-making, as well as the way they move in 1x1 and 2x2 situations, were very useful. This research has also confirmed that decisions made by playmakers, forwards and centers are different.

  9. Basketball shoe height and the maximal muscular resistance to applied ankle inversion and eversion moments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottaviani, R A; Ashton-Miller, J A; Kothari, S U; Wojtys, E M

    1995-01-01

    To determine if the height of a basketball shoe alters the maximal inversion and eversion moment that can be actively resisted by the ankle in the frontal plane, we tested 20 healthy, young adult men with no recent ankle injuries. Subjects underwent unipedal functional ankle strength testing under weightbearing conditions at 0 degrees, 16 degrees, and 32 degrees of ankle plantar flexion using a specially designed testing apparatus. Testing was performed with the subject wearing either a low- or a three quarter-top basketball shoe. Shoe height did not significantly affect an individual's ability to actively resist an eversion moment at any angle of ankle plantar flexion. However, tests at 0 degrees of ankle plantar flexion demonstrated that the three quarter-top basketball shoe we tested significantly increased the maximal resistance to an inversion moment by 29.4%. At 16 degrees of ankle plantar flexion, inversion resistance was also significantly improved by 20.4%. These results show that athletic shoe height can significantly increase the active resistance to an inversion moment in moderate ankle plantar flexion. The findings apply to a neutral foot position in the frontal plane, an orientation equivalent to the early phase of a potential ankle sprain. PMID:7573650

  10. Drawing disability in Japanese manga: visual politics, embodied masculinity, and wheelchair basketball in Inoue Takehiko's REAL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Andrea

    2013-12-01

    This work explores disability in the cultural context of contemporary Japanese comics. In contrast to Western comics, Japanese manga have permeated the social fabric of Japan to the extent that vast numbers of people read manga on a daily basis. It has, in fact, become such a popular medium for visual communication that the Japanese government and education systems utilize manga as a social acculturation and teaching tool. This multibillion dollar industry is incredibly diverse, and one particularly popular genre is sports manga. However, Inoue Takehiko's award-winning manga series REAL departs from more conventional sports manga, which typically focus on able-bodied characters with sometimes exaggerated superhuman physical abilities, by adopting a more realistic approach to the world of wheelchair basketball and the people who play it. At the same time REAL explores cultural attitudes toward disability in Japanese culture-where disability is at times rendered "invisible" either through accessibility problems or lingering associations of disability and shame. It is therefore extremely significant that manga, a visual medium, is rendering disability visible-the ultimate movement from margin to center. REAL devotes considerable attention to realistically illustrating the lived experiences of its characters both on and off the court. Consequently, the series not only educates readers about wheelchair basketball but also provides compelling insight into Japanese cultural notions about masculinity, family, responsibility, and identity. The basketball players-at first marginalized by their disability-join together in the unity of a sport typically characterized by its "abledness." PMID:24213739

  11. Strategies for defending a dribbler: categorisation of three defensive patterns in 1-on-1 basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Keisuke; Yamashita, Daichi; Yoshioka, Shinsuke; Isaka, Tadao; Kouzaki, Motoki

    2014-09-01

    To clarify the defending-dribbler mechanism, the interaction between the dribbler and defender should be investigated. The purposes of this study were to identify variables that explain the outcome (i.e. 'penetrating' and 'guarding') and to understand how defenders stop dribblers by categorising defensive patterns. Ten basketball players participated as 24 dribbler-defender pairs, who played a real-time, 1-on-1 sub-phase of the basketball. The trials were categorised into penetrating trials, where a dribbler invaded the defended area behind the defender, and guarding trials, where the defender stopped the dribbler's advance. Our results demonstrated that defenders in guarding trials initiated their movements earlier and moved quicker than the defenders in penetrating trials. Moreover, linear discriminant analysis revealed that the differences in initiation time and medio-lateral peak velocity between the defenders and dribblers were critical parameters for explaining the difference between penetrating and guarding trials. Lastly, guarding trials were further categorised into three process patterns during 1-on-1 basketball (i.e. 'early initiation' trials, 'quick movement' trials, and 'dribbler's stop' trials). The results suggest that there are three defending strategies and that one strategy would be insufficient to explain the defending-dribbler mechanism, because both players' anticipation and reactive movement must be considered. PMID:25203390

  12. EFFECT OF PLIOMETRIC TRAINING ON ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsa SAĞIROĞLU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of plyometric training in two different training frequencies between the competition seasons on vertical jump performance, anaerobic capability. Male basketball players aged 15-17 participated in this study. A total of 18 basketball players were divided into three groups as unbiased and in equal number (n=6; two experimental and one control group. One of these groups applied the drop jump plyometric exercise following the basketball training routine once a week while the other two groups did it three times a week, and, then, the training was completed with a stretching exercise. The study of the control group was completed with a stretching exercise after the routine. The training took eight weeks. Some measurements were taken before and after the eight weeks of the training session. Anaerobic power and capacity was recorded by the Wingate anaerobic test. Statistical comparisons among the three groups in this study were calculated by taking mean values of dependent variables, and Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for significance effects of dependent variables. Significance level was determined as p =5 . At the end of the training, it was observed that the values of the anaerobic power and capacity values of plyometric exercise groups showed statistically significant improvements. A statistically significant increase in the values of anaerobic power and capacity was provided for the experimental group doing the plyometric exercise once a week compared with the control group.

  13. L-alanyl-L-glutamine ingestion maintains performance during a competitive basketball game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoffman Jay R

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of L-alanyl-L-glutamine (AG ingestion on basketball performance, including jump power, reaction time, shooting accuracy and fatigue. Methods Ten women (21.2 ± 1.6 years; height: 177.8 ± 8.7 cm; body mass: 73.5 ± 8.0 kg, all scholarship NCAA Division I basketball players, volunteered for this study. Subjects participated in four trials, each consisting of a 40-min basketball game with controlled time-outs for rehydration. During the first trial (DHY subjects were not allowed to rehydrate, and the total weight lost during the contest was used to determine fluid replenishment during the subsequent three trials. During one trial subjects consumed only water (W, while during the other two trials subjects consumed the AG supplement mixed in water using either a low dose (1 g per 500 ml (AG1 or high dose (2 g per 500 ml (AG2 concentration. All data assessed prior to and following each game were converted into a Δ score (Post results - Pre results. All performance data were then analyzed using a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance. Results During DHY subjects lost 1.72 ± 0.42 kg (2.3% of their body mass. No differences in fluid intake (1.55 ± 0.43 L were seen between rehydration trials. A 12.5% (p = 0.016 difference in basketball shooting performance was noted between DHY and AG1 and an 11.1% (p = 0.029 difference was seen between AG1 and W. Visual reaction time was significantly greater following AG1 (p = 0.014 compared to DHY. Differences (p = 0.045 in fatigue, as determined by player loads, were seen only between AG2 and DHY. No differences were seen in peak or mean vertical jump power during any trial. Conclusion Rehydration with AG appears to maintain basketball skill performance and visual reaction time to a greater extent than water only.

  14. Effectiveness of elite female basketball players’ technical-tactic actions and ways for their improvement at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushko R.A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: study effectiveness of elite female basketball players’ technical-tactic actions and determine the ways for their improvement at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials. Material: the authors analyzed competition functioning’s indicators of female basketball players of national combined team of Ukraine and their age characteristics. Results: effectiveness of technical-tactic actions in structure of national female basketball players’ combined team of Ukraine competition functioning at European championship. The authors present: indicators of team composition; roles in team; won and lost games; quantity of scored and skipped points; technical-tactic actions; age of sportswomen. Age indicators of elite female basketball players at stage of maximal realization have been given. Conclusions: we have composed a list of the most important technical-tactic actions in competition functioning. We also outlined ways for their perfection at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials of elite female basketball players of different game roles.

  15. World Basketball Championships the 16th China Men's Basketball Team's offensive and defensive Power%第16届男篮世锦赛中国男子篮球队的攻防实力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王太付; 李海婷; 杜少武

    2015-01-01

    Traditionally the Chinese men's basketball team ( hereinafter referred to as the Chinese men's basketball team) to usurp the role of Asia hegemony, but the best result in the world-class game (world) is 8, and on the world basketball championships in 2010 the Turkish group - five, team did not qualify, result to the bottom and packaged. In order to find out the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese men's basketball team, and provide theoretical basis for the Chinese men's basketball team return to the world's eight. Using the RSR comprehensive evaluation as the main research methods to the 16th world championships men 's basketball team level of attack and defense of 24 teams for quantitative evaluation.%历来中国男子篮球队(以下简称中国男篮)以亚洲霸主自居,但在世界级比赛(世锦赛)中最好成绩却是8强,而2010年土耳其男篮世锦赛小组赛中一胜五负,小组未出线,以排名垫底而收官。为了找出中国男篮的优势和不足,为中国男篮重返世界8强提供理论依据。运用RSR综合评价为主的研究方法对第16届男篮世锦赛24支球队的攻防水平进行量化评价。

  16. Efficiency analysis of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruslana Sushko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify the factors of efficiency of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential. Material and Methods: in order to identify the factors that have supported the performance of Ukraine's male national team in the European Championship, data analysis and generalization of scientific and technical literature and online data, analysis of official protocols of competitive activities, analysis and generalization of best pedagogical practices, pedagogical supervision, methods of mathematical statistics were used. Results: the efficiency of competitive activity of basketball players was analyzed using such indicators as team roles, won and lost matches, scored and missed points, technical, tactical and age indicators. Conclusions: the factors of efficiency of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential were identified with regard to age indicators

  17. The effect of aquatic and land plyometric training on strength, sprint, and balance in young basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    HAMID ARAZI; ABBAS ASADI

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of eight weeks of aquatic and land plyometric training on leg muscle strength, 36.5 and 60 meters sprint times, and dynamic balance test in young male basketball players. Eighteen young male basketball players (age=18.81±1.46 years, height=179.34±6.11 cm, body mass=67.80±9.52 kg, sport experience=4.8±2.47 years) volunteered in this study and divided to three groups; aquatic plyometric training (APT), land plyometric training (LPT) and contro...

  18. Mental hoop diaries: emotional memories of a college basketball game in rival fans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botzung, Anne; Rubin, David C; Miles, Amanda; Cabeza, Roberto; Labar, Kevin S

    2010-02-10

    The rivalry between the men's basketball teams of Duke University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC) is one of the most storied traditions in college sports. A subculture of students at each university form social bonds with fellow fans, develop expertise in college basketball rules, team statistics, and individual players, and self-identify as a member of a fan group. The present study capitalized on the high personal investment of these fans and the strong affective tenor of a Duke-UNC basketball game to examine the neural correlates of emotional memory retrieval for a complex sporting event. Male fans watched a competitive, archived game in a social setting. During a subsequent functional magnetic resonance imaging session, participants viewed video clips depicting individual plays of the game that ended with the ball being released toward the basket. For each play, participants recalled whether or not the shot went into the basket. Hemodynamic signal changes time locked to correct memory decisions were analyzed as a function of emotional intensity and valence, according to the fan's perspective. Results showed intensity-modulated retrieval activity in midline cortical structures, sensorimotor cortex, the striatum, and the medial temporal lobe, including the amygdala. Positively valent memories specifically recruited processing in dorsal frontoparietal regions, and additional activity in the insula and medial temporal lobe for positively valent shots recalled with high confidence. This novel paradigm reveals how brain regions implicated in emotion, memory retrieval, visuomotor imagery, and social cognition contribute to the recollection of specific plays in the mind of a sports fan. PMID:20147540

  19. Structure of Coordination Motor Abilities in Male Basketball Players at Different Levels of Competition

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    Jerzy Sadowski

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the structure of coordination motor abilities (CMA in male basketball players at different levels of competition. Material and methods. The study included 183 male basketball players from 10 Polish sports clubs. The examined groups consisted of seniors (n=42 aged 24.5 (± 3.3, juniors (n=37 aged 16.8 (± 0.6, cadets (n=54 aged 14.5 (± 0.1 and children (n=50 aged 13.4 (± 0.2. A battery of motor tests was administered to assess the following CMA: kinesthetic differentiation of movements, spatio-temporal orientation, reaction time, movement coupling, sense of balance, sense of rhythm and adjustment of movements. The structure of CMA under investigation was determined based on the results of Hotelling's principal component analysis in Tucker's modification, completed with Kaiser's Varimax rotation [1, 2]. Results. The CMA structure of basketball players was composed of three or four factors. Most often these included rhythm, movement differentiation, movement coupling and adjustment of movements. Less frequently the structure consisted of spatio-temporal orientation, balance and reaction time. An in-depth analysis of the CMA structure revealed that factors ranged from heterogeneous (children and cadets to homogeneous ones (juniors and seniors. The distribution of identified factors in the common variance was the smallest in children and cadets (58.9% and 62.9%, respectively and the biggest in juniors and seniors (69.3% and 68.48%, respectively.

  20. INTERVENTION AND EVALUATION OF THE MOTIVATIONAL CLIMATE TRANSMITTED BY A BASKETBALL COACH

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    Cristina Conde

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Coaches are reference models for youth athletes and have a high degree of influence over them, and thus a suitable education is important. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess how a basketball coach progresses in the transmission of a task climate during his basketball training sessions, after participating in a reflective educational program focused on the coach's actions. In this study, a basketball coach and the two teams that he coached participated. All the players were between 14 and 15 years of age. The behavior of the coach was analyzed through an adaptation of the Coaching Behavior Assessment System (CBAS (Smith, Smoll, & Hunt, 1977. The observational analysis was carried out by the research team, who was previously trained. Six sessions of observation were carried out, and inter- and intraobserver reliabilities of 97.6% were obtained. During three months, the coach participated in an educational program consisting of six supervised cycles in which the premises established by Ames (1992 with the abbreviation TARGET were followed, in order to transmit a task climate during his coaching sessions. The results demonstrate a progression in the climate that was transmitted by the coach. In the first training session, the proportion of the climate that he transmitted as task was 65.67% and the ego climate was 34.43%, while in the penultimate training session it was 85.11% for task versus 14.89% for ego, and this was the session with the greatest proportion of transmitted task climate. These data demonstrate that as the educational program was applied, the coach progressively increased the task climate during the training sessions (Sousa, Cruz, Torregrosa, Vilches, & Viladrich, 2006. It can be concluded that with the application of an educational program focused on the coach's own actions, the climate oriented to task improved in training sessions.

  1. Prospective epidemiological study of basketball injuries during one competitive season: ankle sprains and overuse knee injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumps, Elke; Verhagen, Evert; Meeusen, Romain

    2007-01-01

    This prospective cohort study aims to assess the overall incidence of acute and overuse basketball injuries and identifies risk factors associated with ankle sprains and knee overuse injuries. In total, 164 senior players (23.7 years ± 7.0) of all levels of play, and including both men and women, participated voluntarily during one season. A total of 139 acute and 87 overuse injuries were reported, resulting in an overall injury incidence of 9.8 (8.5 to 11.1) per 1,000 hours. The incidence of acute injuries was 6.0/1,000 hours. Ankle sprains (n = 34) accounted for most acute injuries, and 52.9% of all players with ankle sprains reported a previous ankle sprain. Relative Risks (RR) and Odds Ratio (OR) with their 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were calculated to determine significant differences. Landing on an opponent's foot was the major inciting event, significantly more so than non contact mechanisms (RR=2.1 [95% CI: 1.0-4.2]). Acute knee injuries resulted in the highest playing absence (7 weeks 2 days ± 9 weeks 1 day). Overuse injury incidence was 3.8/1,000 hours. The knee (1.5/1,000 hours) was the most common site. Forward players sustained less knee overuse injuries than players of all other playing positions, and significantly less than center players (OR=0.5 [95% CI: 0.2-0.9]). This study showed that ankle sprains and overuse knee injuries are the most common injuries in basketball, both accounting for 14.8%. Injury prevention programmes however should not concentrate on those injuries only, but might one to consider that acute knee injuries, in spite of the fact that they occur less frequently, also merit further research. Key pointsAnkle sprains are the most common acute injuries in basketball with the inciting event being landing on an opponent's foot or changing direction.Anterior knee pain is the most common overuse injury. Etiologic factors are well described in literature, but prevention strategies are lacking.Acute knee injuries account for the

  2. The Role Of Contested And Uncontested Passes In Evaluating Defensive Basketball Efficiency

    OpenAIRE

    James T. Bartholomew; Collier, David A

    2011-01-01

    The global economic impact of basketball is measured in tens of billions of dollars and requires the efficient use of resources to maximize success on and off the court. Today, coaches, players, investors, and owners need to take full advantage of modern analytical methods and digital video software capabilities to make the most efficient use of a team’s resources. This research is the first in a series that makes full use of modern analytic methods and begins to define new defensive and off...

  3. Prevention of emotional states among students from collegiate basketball and soccer teams

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    Malinauskas R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the questions of the prevention of emotional states among students from collegiate basketball and football teams. The experiment involved 42 athletes aged 19-25. Two methods were used in the inquiry: Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale and Stress-coping Scale (Kiseliov's Thermometer. Results have shown that higher levels of sense of coherence and stress-coping were found in student-athletes after psycho-prophylactic program against these indicators before the psycho-prophylactic program.

  4. Prospective Epidemiological Study of Basketball Injuries During One Competitive Season: Ankle Sprains and Overuse Knee Injuries

    OpenAIRE

    Elke Cumps; Evert Verhagen; Romain Meeusen

    2007-01-01

    This prospective cohort study aims to assess the overall incidence of acute and overuse basketball injuries and identifies risk factors associated with ankle sprains and knee overuse injuries. In total, 164 senior players (23.7 years ± 7.0) of all levels of play, and including both men and women, participated voluntarily during one season. A total of 139 acute and 87 overuse injuries were reported, resulting in an overall injury incidence of 9.8 (8.5 to 11.1) per 1,000 hours. The incidence of...

  5. The type, amount, frequency and timing of dietary supplement use by elite players in the First Spanish Basketball League.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, H; Navarro, E; Mora, J; Seco, J; Torregrosa, J M; Tramullas, A

    2002-04-01

    The aims of this study were to determine the type, frequency and amount of dietary supplement consumption among a group of professional basketball players. The type, amount and specific timing of supplement use were recorded by 55 professional basketball players from seven different teams of the First Spanish Basketball League. Most participants (58%) consumed dietary supplements. Multivitamins and vitamins were the most frequently used supplements among the athletes (50.9%), followed by sport drinks (21.8%), miscellaneous supplements (21.8%), amino acids (14.5%), proteins (12.7%) and carbohydrates (12.7%). The average daily dietary supplement was one capsule of multivitamins, one capsule of antioxidant vitamins, 0.2-1.0 g vitamin C, 10.3 g protein, 1.9 g amino acids, 16.2 g carbohydrates and 377 ml of a commercial sport drink. Although the proportion of participants who consumed dietary supplements before, during and immediately after exercise was 25.4%, 16.3% and 7.3% respectively, only a few consumed a potentially ergogenic supplement at these times. It would appear unlikely that the type or amount of dietary supplements consumed had a beneficial effect on the physical performance of these professional basketball players, with the possible exception of antioxidant vitamins and the commercial sport drinks. PMID:12003281

  6. Activity profile and physiological requirements of junior elite basketball players in relation to aerobic-anaerobic fitness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Abdelkrim, Nidhal; Castagna, Carlo; Jabri, Imed; Battikh, Tahar; El Fazaa, Saloua; El Ati, Jalila

    2010-09-01

    The aim of this research was to examine the demands of competitive basketball games and to study the relationship between athletes' physical capability and game performance. Physical and physiological game demands and the association of relevant field test with game performance were examined in 18 male junior basketball players. Computerized time-motion analysis, heart rate (HR), and blood-lactate concentration [BL] measurements were performed during 6 basketball games. Players were also measured for explosive power, speed, agility, and maximal-strength and endurance performance. During the games, players covered 7,558 +/- 575 m, of which 1,743 +/- 317; 1,619 +/- 280; and 2,477 +/- 339 m were performed at high, moderate, and low intensities, respectively. The 19.3 +/- 3.5 and 56.0 +/- 6.3% of the playing time was spent above 95% and at 85-95% of maximal HR, respectively. Average and mean peak [BL] were 5.75 +/- 1.25 and 6.22 +/- 1.34 mmolxL, respectively. Distances covered at maximal- and high-speed running significantly (p Game maximal- and high-speed running were significantly correlated with endurance performance (r = 0.52, p game time progresses and suggests the potential benefit of aerobic and agility conditioning in junior basketball. PMID:20802281

  7. Effect of Ball Mass on Dribble, Pass, and Pass Reception in 9-11-Year-Old Boys' Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Jose L.; Argudo, Francisco M.; Alonso, Jose I.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the study was to analyze the effect of ball mass on dribble, pass, and pass reception in real game situations in 9-11-year-old boys' basketball. Participants were 54 boys identified from six federated teams. The independent variable was ball mass, and dependent variables were number of dribbles, passes, and pass receptions. Three…

  8. A BALANCED TEAM WINS CHAMPIONSHIPS: 66 YEARS OF DATA FROM THE NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION AND THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otten, Mark P; Miller, Travis J

    2015-12-01

    Explicitly monitoring one's own actions has been noted as detrimental to the performance of fine motor skills under duress. Offensive skills rather than defensive skills are typically studied in this context. Defensive techniques typically require skills such as footwork and continuous movement, as opposed to more precise, hand-eye coordinated action. Explicit monitoring theory may be less relevant for defensive skills than offensive skills when playing under pressure. Archival data (66 years) for teams and for individual players was compiled from the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the National Football League (NFL). For basketball (n=778) and football (n=515) teams, regular season offensive and defensive statistics similarly predicted success in the postseason, which was assumed to create more pressure. For individual basketball players (n=5,132), nine indices of offensive (FG, free throw and three-point shooting, offensive win shares, points, and assists) and defensive (defensive win shares, steals, and blocks) production were compared; among these, three-point shooting percentage was least correlated from season to postseason, suggesting it is especially variable under pressure. A balanced basketball or football team that focuses on both offense and defense may be most successful. PMID:26595202

  9. Acquisition of a Complex Basketball-Dribbling Task in School Children as a Function of Bilateral Practice Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockel, Tino; Weigelt, Matthias; Krug, Jurgen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate order-of-practice effects for the acquisition of a complex basketball skill in a bilateral transfer paradigm. The task required participants to dribble as fast as possible in slalom-like movements across six javelins and return to the initial position. Fifty-two right-handed school children (M age =…

  10. The Influence of Whole-Body Vibration on Creatine Kinase Activity and Jumping Performance in Young Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fachina, Rafael; da Silva, Antônio; Falcão, William; Montagner, Paulo; Borin, João; Minozzo, Fábio; Falcão, Diego; Vancini, Rodrigo; Poston, Brach; de Lira, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To quantify creatine kinase (CK) activity changes across time following an acute bout of whole-body vibration (WBV) and determine the association between changes in CK activity and jumping performance. Method: Twenty-six elite young basketball players were assigned to 3 groups: 36-Hz and 46-Hz vibration groups (G36 and G46, respectively)…

  11. AVIS DES ARBITRES DE BASKET-BALL DE SEPT PAYS EUROPÉENS SUR LEUR ÉVALUATION PHYSIQUE

    OpenAIRE

    Van Hoye, Martin; Cloes, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Le test Léger est-il adapté aux efforts fournis par les arbitres de basket-ball au cours d'une rencontre ? Quels sont les avis des arbitres à ce niveau ? Quels tests plus adaptés pourraient être réalisés ?

  12. From the Court to the Classroom: Opportunities for Engagement, Learning, and Identity in Basketball and Classroom Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, Na'ilah Suad; Hand, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This study explored support for engagement in 2 settings: a high school basketball team and high school mathematics classrooms. Specifically, the study examined 3 aspects of these practices: (a) access to the domain, (b) opportunities to take on integral roles, and (c) opportunities for self-expression in the practice. Drawing on videotape and…

  13. Basketball Affects Bone Mineral Density Accrual in Boys More Than Swimming and Other Impact Sports: 9-mo Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agostinete, Ricardo R; Lynch, Kyle R; Gobbo, Luís A; Lima, Manoel Carlos Spiguel; Ito, Igor H; Luiz-de-Marco, Rafael; Rodrigues-Junior, Mario A; Fernandes, Romulo A

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of different sports on bone mineral density (BMD) accrual among male adolescents during a 9-mo follow-up. The sample was composed of 82 boys (control [n = 13], basketball [n = 14], karate [n = 9], soccer [n = 18], judo [n = 12], and swimming [n = 16]) who were followed up for 9 mo (from October 2013 to August 2014). BMD (gram per square centimeter) was assessed at baseline and follow-up using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner, whereas somatic maturation was estimated through the use of the peak height velocity. Vitamin D consumption was assessed by questionnaire. After 9 mo of follow-up, all groups (including the control group) presented significant BMD accrual (overall sample: 4.5% in the whole body). On the other hand, the basketball group presented higher BMD accrual in the upper limbs (17.6%) than the control group (7.2%). A similar difference was observed in whole-body BMD (control group: 4.1% vs basketball group: 7.1%). The basketball group had significantly higher BMD gains than the control group and other sports groups. PMID:27174316

  14. Role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth basketball

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria; Elferink-Gemser, Marije Titia; Tromp, Eveline Jenny Yvonne; Vaeyens, Roel; Visscher, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth male basketball. Forty-three talented Dutch players (14.66 +/- 1.09years) participated in this study. Maturity timing (age at peak height velocity), anthropometric, phy

  15. Judgement bias in predicting the success of one's own basketball free throws but not those of others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañal-Bruland, Rouwen; Balch, Lars; Niesert, Loet

    2015-07-01

    Skilled basketball players are supposed to hit more often from the free throw distance than would be predicted by their shooting performances at adjacent distances. This is dubbed an especial skill. In the current study, we examined whether especial skills in free throw performance in basketball map onto especial skills in visually judging the success of basketball free throws. In addition, we tested whether this effect would be present in those who predict their own shots but absent in those who judge shots performed by another person. Eight skilled basketball players were coupled with eight equally skilled players, and performed 150 set shots from five different distances (including the free throw distance) while the yoked partner observed the shots. At the moment of ball release, the performers' and the observers' vision were synchronously occluded using liquid-crystal occlusion goggles, and both independently judged whether the shot was successful or not. Results did not replicate an especial skill effect in shooting performance. Based on signal detection theory (SDT) measures (d' and criterion c), results also revealed no especial skill for visually discriminating successful from unsuccessful shots at the foul line when compared to other distances. However, players showed an especial skill judgement bias towards judging balls 'in' at the foul line, but not at other distances. Importantly, this bias was only present in those who judged the success of their own shots, but not in those who judged the shots performed by someone else. PMID:24965214

  16. Amateur basketball injuries. A prospective study among male and female athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    APOSTOLOS STERGIOULAS

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to record injuries in amateur males and females basketaball players. These players participated in a domestic championship in Athens, during the 2000-2001 basketball season. An injury is considered the problem in musculoskeletal system that did not allow the player to continue the game or the training and might be outof the field for at least one day. Every injury was recordedby the coach of the team. From the start of the period until the end of the year 110 injuries in males and 86 in females were recorded. The rate was 0.72 injuries per male athlete per year, while for females the corresponding rate was 0.56. Males had more overuse injuries than females (p. 0.02, while females had more injuries in the lumbar spine(p. 0.001. Males had more knee sprains in the medial collateral ligament of (p. 0.05, while females had more sprains in the anterior cruciate ligament (p. 0.005. Both sexes sustained injuries during the games and in the second part. It is concluded that injuries in Greek amateur basketball players did not differ considerably from published studies. Further studies are needed in order that such injuries should be prevented.

  17. Effects of Dynamic Neuromuscular Analysis Training on Static and Dynamic Balance in Indian Female Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archna Sharma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of dynamic neuromuscular analysis on static and dynamic balance of Indian state level female athletes. It was hypothesized that the training protocol would improve both static and dynamic components of the balance, improving dynamic balance more than static. A total of 43 randomly selected state level female basketball players aged 16 -18 years participated in the study. The subjects were further divided into two groups, viz. Dynamic Neuromuscular Analysis (DNA group (n=23 and control group (n = 20. Pre and post static balance was tested to all the subjects by Stork Balance Test (SBT and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS, and dynamic balance was measured by Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT. DNA intervention of 90 minutes was given for 6 weeks while the control group followed traditional training. Results showed a significant improvement both in static and dynamic balance (p<0.001. It might be concluded that 6 week DNA training designed for the prevention of ACL injuries could also improve both static and dynamic balance in Indian female basketball players.

  18. Superior reaction to changing directions for skilled basketball defenders but not linked with specialised anticipation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Keisuke; Shinya, Masahiro; Yamashita, Daichi; Oda, Shingo; Kouzaki, Motoki

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the timing for the detection of relevant information in the final running direction of attackers' cutting manoeuvres. Skilled basketball players and novices performed sidestep and reach tasks in response to a ready-go choice stimuli using light-emitting diode (LED) task and video stimuli (video task) wherein skilled ball players executed cutting manoeuvres. The time at which the defenders first obtained relevant visual information was estimated by subtracting the visuo-motor processing time, acquired from the reaction time in the LED task, from the reaction time in the video task. Skilled basketball players reacted to and reached towards the target faster than novices, whereas the estimated video cue timings for the skilled players were not different from those for the novices. The results suggest that the anticipation of attacker's direction in this task would be a general visuo-motor skill, even without previous specialised perceptual training. Combined with the results from the reaction performance in the video task, we conclude that novices are afforded shorter times and more uncertain information before their stepping when they are in a one-on-one ballgame defensive scenario because their sidestepping takes a relatively long time. PMID:23534908

  19. Post-concussive syndrome in a female basketball player: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Str

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Sarah L StrandDepartment of Health and Human Sciences, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: The objective of this case study was to identify the signs and symptoms of concussion and post-concussive syndrome in a collegiate, female basketball player, as well as her progress to becoming symptom free. The patient, a previously healthy, 21-year-old with no previous head injuries, experienced a concussion and continued to participate in her sport. Even though the athlete knew the risks of playing while symptomatic, she did not report her symptoms, and continued playing until the season ended. This case highlights that even when patients know the risks, they may be willing to overlook them to continue playing and it emphasizes the importance of further education. In addition, it shows that even when following recommended guidelines, and with normal neurocognitive testing, symptoms may come back upon return to play.Keywords: concussion, basketball, mild traumatic brain injury, female athletes

  20. The Influence of Unsportsmanlike Fouls on Basketball Teams' Performance According to Context-Related Variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, Miguel-Ángel; Toro, Enrique Ortega; Furley, Philip

    2016-07-01

    The aim of the current study was to analyze the temporal effects that unsportsmanlike fouls may have on basketball teams' scoring performance under consideration of context-related variables. The authors analyzed 130 unsportsmanlike fouls from 362 elite basketball games (men's and women's Olympic Games, European and World Championships). The context-related variables studied were score-line, quality of opposition, timeout situation, minutes remaining, and player status. The data were analyzed with linear-regression models. The results showed that both teams (the team that made the foul and the opponent) had similar positive scoring performances during 1 and 3 ball possessions after the unsportsmanlike foul (short-term effect). However, 5 ball possessions after the foul (midterm effect), the team that made the foul had a scoring disadvantage (-0.96) and the opponent team an advantage (0.78). The context-related variable quality of opposition was significant only during 1 ball possession, with negative effects for the team that made the foul and positive effects for the opponent. The final outcome showed a positive effect for score-line when the unsportsmanlike foul was made (0.96) and for quality of opposition (0.64). PMID:27464010

  1. LEISURE SATISFACTION IN FOOTBALL AND BASKETBALL FANS: A SAMPLE OF AFYONKARAHISAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin GÜMÜŞ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The p urpose of this study was to examin e the leisure satisfaction level of fo o tball and basketball fa ns ac c ording to some demographic variables. In total, 330 ( age: 26.90 ± 8.9 people were included in this study of which 171 ( age: 25.68 ± 8.29 were basketball fans and 159 ( age: 28.22 ± 9.63 were football fans. The leisure satisfaction scale formed by Beard and Ragheb (1980 and the Turkish validity and reability study conducted by Karli et. al. Was used as a data collection instrument in this study. The l e isure Satisfaction Scale is a 5 - point Likert - Scale (1: Almost never true for me, 2: Seldom true for me, 3 : Sometimes true for me, 4 : Often true for me, 5 : Almost always true for me, an d is used to evaluate the satisfaction levels of people who participate in leisure activites . As a result, though the analysis did not show any significant relation between leisure satisfaction and educational status or where they grew up , it showed a statistically significan t difference in marital status, economic levels and participation in a sport branch .

  2. Space occupation near the basket shapes collective behaviours in youth basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteves, Pedro T; Silva, Pedro; Vilar, Luís; Travassos, Bruno; Duarte, Ricardo; Arede, Jorge; Sampaio, Jaime

    2016-08-01

    This study aimed to analyse how youth basketball players explored numerical overloads during shot attempts by measuring their space occupation across specific court areas. Four process-tracing variables measured how the number of attackers (NA), number of defenders (ND), interpersonal distance between attacker and the closest defender (ID) and distance between attacker and the basket (DBkt) impacted on the performance outcome (converted shot; missed shot; ball possession lost). Ten competitive games involving 13 U14 teams were video recorded and players' displacements were digitised. The associations between performance outcomes and the process-tracing measures were assessed using standardised mean differences and a cross-correlation function. A multinomial logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for each of the three possible outcomes. Results revealed that when shot attempts occurred at larger ID and at smaller DBkt, the possibilities to obtain a converted shot increased. The numerical overload of defenders near the scoring target was predominantly associated with offensive success. Also, the possibility of attackers to lead the spatial relation of movements with the defenders, near the scoring target, appeared as a prominent strategy to succeed. In sum, basketball teams that exhibit potential to adapt their collective behaviours to local changes in the environment might be closer to achieving successful outcomes. PMID:26667896

  3. Prediction of shot success for basketball free throws: visual search strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchida, Yusuke; Mizuguchi, Nobuaki; Honda, Masaaki; Kanosue, Kazuyuki

    2014-01-01

    In ball games, players have to pay close attention to visual information in order to predict the movements of both the opponents and the ball. Previous studies have indicated that players primarily utilise cues concerning the ball and opponents' body motion. The information acquired must be effective for observing players to select the subsequent action. The present study evaluated the effects of changes in the video replay speed on the spatial visual search strategy and ability to predict free throw success. We compared eye movements made while observing a basketball free throw by novices and experienced basketball players. Correct response rates were close to chance (50%) at all video speeds for the novices. The correct response rate of experienced players was significantly above chance (and significantly above that of the novices) at the normal speed, but was not different from chance at both slow and fast speeds. Experienced players gazed more on the lower part of the player's body when viewing a normal speed video than the novices. The players likely detected critical visual information to predict shot success by properly moving their gaze according to the shooter's movements. This pattern did not change when the video speed was decreased, but changed when it was increased. These findings suggest that temporal information is important for predicting action outcomes and that such outcomes are sensitive to video speed. PMID:24319995

  4. Effect of plyometric training on vertical jump height in high school basketball players: randomised control trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chhaya Verma, Lakshmi Subramanium, Vijaya Krishnan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Plyometric involve high intensity eccentric contraction immediately after a powerful concentric contraction. A vertical leap in basketball also involves rapid & repeated muscle contraction & stretching. Various methods have been used to improve the vertical leap in players, but only few studies mention about plyometrics. Aim: To determine the effect of Plyometric training on vertical jump height in high school basketball players & compare them with their untrained counterparts. Methods and Materials: 144 students were randomly selected & distributed in Group I (Pre-pubertal & Group II (Pubertal which was further divided into Group A (trained players & Group B (untrained students. A gender wise distribution followed this. Plyometric training of 6 weeks was conducted & the vertical jump height pre & post training were recorded & compared. Results: Vertical jump height improved significantly post Plyometric in Group Bcompared to Group A. Boys showed improvement in Group B, however girls were better in Group A. Correlation of BMI with vertical jump height was negative & significant in Group B. Conclusion: Plyometric training brought significant change in untrained students. Boys gained more jump height while girls showed significant increase in jump height during pubertal growth spurt. Also, increased BMI reduced jump height.

  5. The use of mechanotherapy means in basketball players recovery after the injuries of the lower extremities

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    Zheleznyj O.D.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim is to develop methods of physical rehabilitation of basketball players with injuries of the lower extremities. Summarizes the experience of use of mechanical therapy for the recovery of athletes with injuries to the lower extremities. Analyzed the nature of lower extremity injuries and their consequences. The methods of application of mechanical therapy using a simulator developed universal and local fatty clay as a means of physical therapy. It is proved that the method developed by the authors provided a mechanotherapy achieve the required level of mobility in the joints and improve range of body functions. Found that in the process of applying the developed program of rehabilitation basketball players with injuries of the lower extremities most effective in complex physical rehabilitation was value: therapeutic physical training with mechanotherapy + physical therapy with curative mud + therapeutic massage. Technique introduced to the work of medical and health-improving establishments and educational institutions of Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine.

  6. 探析篮球运动中的防守技术%On defensive skill in basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩志强

    2014-01-01

    With the continuous reform and development of China's sports, the basketball movement development has important practical guiding significance for promoting national fitness and promote the sports market. The development of basketball from abroad NBA to the domestic CBA, can see the athletics level increased year by year, the basketball technology, especially defense technology has a major breakthrough. In order to better promote the basketball defense technology development, the importance of basketball defense and characteristics of defensive tactics were introduced, and the influence on the quality of defense common problems are analyzed, and puts forward the solving measures.%随着我国体育事业不断的改革与发展,篮球运动的开展对促进国家全民健身的推动及竞技运动市场化有着重要的现实指导意义。篮球运动的发展从国外的NBA到国内的CBA,可以看出竞技水平逐年提升,所运用的篮球技术,尤其防守技术的有着重大的突破。为更好的推动篮球防守技术的发展,本论文就篮球防守的重要性及防守战术特点进行阐述介绍,对影响防守质量及当前常见问题进行分析,并提出了解决措施。

  7. The Determination of Female 14-16 Years Old Basketball Players Biomotor and Physiological Features by Eurofit Test Battery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Pense

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to research the physical and biomotor features of female students who are in puberty and playbasketball. Also, it’s been aimed to test whether the Eurofit battery which is use to determine physiological and biomotorfeatures can be used in the elimination of talented basketball players. Anthropometric measurement (height, weight,percentage of body fat and physiological - biomotoric measurements (flamingo balance test, test of disk touching, sit andreach flexibility test, long jump while standing still, 30 sec sit-up test, bent arm pull-up test and 10x5m push up run wereperformed by Eurofit test battery. The research was applied in the province of Konya with 51 female students. 30 of themwere playing basketball (age: 14.93±0.86 and 21(age: 15.00±0.83 of them had no physiological activity at all. These appliedEurofit tests on basketball players allows them to get longer body length, stay more in balance, to have greater distance offlexibility, be further distance of standing long jump, to have a higher claw force, having more numbers on doing crunchesand it’s been mentioned that 10x5 the running test doing crunches are faster than usual and these differences are foundStatistical significant (p0,05. As a conclusion, it is determined that the physiological and biometricvalues of female basketball playing students are higher than the same aged students with no activity. On the other hand, it’sbeen also determined that because of the appropriate content of the test, Eurofit test battery can help to choose the talentsof the basketball.

  8. LONG TERM EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TRAINING MODALITIES ON POWER, SPEED, SKILL AND ANAEROBIC CAPACITY IN YOUNG MALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mindaugas Balciunas

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of 4 months of different training modalities on power, speed, skill and anaerobic capacity in 15-16 year old male basketball players. Thirty five Lithuanian basketball players were randomly assigned into three groups: power endurance group (intermittent exercise, PE, n = 12, general endurance group (continuous exercise, GE, n = 11 and control group (regular basketball training, CG, n = 12. The power endurance model was based in basketball game external structure whereas the general endurance model was based in continuous actions that frequently occur during the basketball game. The training models were used for 16 weeks in sessions conducted 3 times a week during 90 minutes each in the competition period. The following tests were performed: 20 m speed run, Squat jump, Countermovement jump, Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST, 2 min. shooting test and the Shuttle ball-dribbling test. A 3×2 repeated measures ANOVA revealed no statistically significant differences in the 20 m speed run, Squat jump and Countermovement jump (p > 0.05. On the other hand, RAST showed significant increases in PE, with greater increases during the 5th and 6th runs. The PE training model also produced a significant improvement in the shuttle ball-dribbling test (48.7 ± 1.5 in the pretest, 45.5 ± 1.3 in the posttest, p < 0.05. Globally, our results suggest that both training modalities were able to maintain initial values of speed and power, however, the anaerobic capacity and skill increased only in the players from the power endurance group. Therefore, the power endurance training (intermittent high intensity exercise may be more beneficial to prepare junior players according to the game cardiovascular and metabolic specific determinants

  9. Functional state of the cardiovascular system at female basketball players of a team of the first league in the course of carrying out medical and pedagogical observation

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Pomeschikova; Larysa Ruban; Liudmyla Naumenko

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: to define types of vascular reactions and tolerance to physical activity at female basketball players of the I-League. Material and Methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; medical and pedagogical supervision; methods of mathematical statistics. Results: the data about types of vascular reactions and tolerance to physical activity received by means of carrying out the PWC170 test in the course of medical and pedagogical supervision at female basketball players of th...

  10. 提高女子竞技篮球队员攻击意识的研究%Increase Attack Awareness of Women's Competitive Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈栋梁; 宋瑞峰

    2012-01-01

    攻击性是当代篮球发展的主要特征,在当代高水平竞技篮球的比赛场上,无论是进攻还是防守都表现出极强的攻击性,俨然攻击性已经成为当代高水平竞技篮球的主要特征,也已经成为了当代高水平竞技篮球制胜因素之一。然而就16届女篮世锦赛上我国女篮的表现来看,比赛过程中的攻击性还远远不够,这也成为阻碍我国女篮向更高水平迈进的因素之一。本文拟从心理学的角度来分析如何培养女篮队员的攻击性意识。%Attack are the main features of contemporary basketball development in the field of contemporary high-level competitive basketball game,both offensively and defensively showed a strong offensive,as if to attack has become the main features of contemporary high-level competitive basketball,but alsohas become a factor in winning one of the contemporary high-level competitive basketball.However,the performance of China's women's basketball on the 16th Basketball Championship,the attack during the race is far from enough,which also become an obstacle to one of the factors of women's basketball forward to a higher level.This paper from a psychological point of view to analyze how to cultivate the aggressive awareness of women's basketball players.

  11. Athletic Performance at the National Basketball Association Combine After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehran, Nima; Williams, Phillip N.; Keller, Robert A.; Khalil, Lafi S.; Lombardo, Stephen J.; Kharrazi, F. Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are significant injuries in elite-level basketball players. In-game statistical performance after ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated; however, few studies have reviewed functional performance in National Basketball Association (NBA)–caliber athletes after ACL reconstruction. Purpose: To compare NBA Combine performance of athletes after ACL reconstruction with an age-, size-, and position-matched control group of players with no previous reported knee injury requiring surgery. We hypothesized that there is no difference between the 2 groups in functional performance. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 1092 NBA-caliber players who participated in the NBA Combine between 2000 and 2015 were reviewed. Twenty-one athletes were identified as having primary ACL reconstruction prior to participation in the combine. This study group was compared with an age-, size-, and position-matched control group in objective functional performance testing, including the shuttle run test, lane agility test, three-quarter court sprint, vertical jump (no step), and maximum vertical jump (running start). Results: With regard to quickness and agility, both ACL-reconstructed athletes and controls scored an average of 11.5 seconds in the lane agility test and 3.1 seconds in the shuttle run test (P = .745 and .346, respectively). Speed and acceleration was measured by the three-quarter court sprint, in which both the study group and the control group averaged 3.3 seconds (P = .516). In the maximum vertical jump, which demonstrates an athlete’s jumping ability with a running start, the ACL reconstruction group had an average height of 33.6 inches while the controls averaged 33.9 inches (P = .548). In the standing vertical jump, the ACL reconstruction group averaged 28.2 inches while the control group averaged 29.2 inches (P = .067). Conclusion: In athletes who are able to return to sport

  12. Fluctuations in Activity Demands Across Game Quarters in Professional and Semiprofessional Male Basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron T; Tucker, Patrick S; Dascombe, Ben J; Berkelmans, Daniel M; Hiskens, Matthew I; Dalbo, Vincent J

    2015-11-01

    Examination of activity demands and stoppage durations across game periods provides useful insight concerning fatigue, tactical strategies, and playing pace in team sports such as basketball. Therefore, the aims of this study were to quantify and compare game activity fluctuations across quarters in professional and semiprofessional basketball players. Video-based time-motion analyses were conducted across multiple games. Frequencies, total durations (in seconds), total distances (in meters), and mean velocities (in meters per second) were calculated for low-intensity movement (≤3 m·s), high-intensity movement (>3 m·s), shuffling, and dribbling activity. Frequencies were determined for jumping and upper-body activity; stoppage durations were also calculated. Separate repeated-measures analysis of variance and Cohen's d were used to identify significant differences and quantify the effect sizes between game quarters for all outcome measures, respectively. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to determine the relationship between stoppage duration and all activity measures. The results showed significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced dribbling (3.09 ± 0.03 m·s vs. 2.81 ± 0.01 m·s) and total (2.22 ± 0.04 m·s vs. 2.09 ± 0.03 m·s) activity velocities during the third compared with the first quarter in professional players. Furthermore, effect size analyses showed greater decreases in high-intensity (professional: d = 1.7-5.4; semiprofessional: d = 0.3-1.7), shuffling (professional: d = 2.3-3.2; semiprofessional: d = 1.4-2.1), and total (professional: d = 1.0-4.9; semiprofessional: d = 0.3-0.8) activity and increases in dribbling (professional: d = 1.4-4.7; semiprofessional: d = 2.5-2.8) with game progression in professional players. In semiprofessional players, stoppage duration was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) related to various low-intensity (R = 0.64-0.72), high-intensity (R = 0.65-0.72), and total (R = 0.63-0.73) activity measures. Although not directly

  13. Role of force training in physical training of student basketball team players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brynzak S.S.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Presented results of the implementation of the program of strength training in the preparation of the annual cycle of student basketball team. The study involved 15 athletes. The testing program included the evaluation of home and remote speed (running 6 and 20 m with a high launch, speed and overall endurance (2x40 shuttle run test with and Cooper, speed-strength (high jump, strength (gets dynamometry. Strength training program was included in classes 3 times a week for two months before the start of the competition period. Found that the proposed program of strength training improves physical fitness of the players. Marked increase in the level of development of motor qualities of the players during the macrocycle. There was a significant increase in physical fitness of players on the team at the end of the competition period. Marked improvement in starting, telecommuting, speed and speed endurance. Increased overall endurance and strength, but the level of development is low.

  14. Sternal Osteomyelitis and Abscess Caused by Elbowing during a Basketball Game

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    Hideo Ichimura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for further investigation and treatment of sternal osteomyelitis due to blunt chest trauma, more specifically elbowing during a basketball game 19 days earlier. On an initial presentation, his chest was markedly swollen and chest computed tomography demonstrated a sternal fracture and massive fluid collection in the chest wall. Since his general condition remained fairly good, we initially selected minimal drainage concomitant with antibiotics; if it was unsuccessful, we planned to switch to a more radical debridement procedure. The patient recovered without further invasive intervention and was discharged on postoperative day 26. There is no sign of recurrence six months after operation. This case report indicates that minimal drainage would be a good option for treatment in a phased strategy.

  15. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIMENSIONS AND SUB-DIMENSIONS OF YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS' PERSONALITIES

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    M\\u00AA Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present work is to assess the personality traits of young basketball players aged 16-18 years (n=186 through the description of the dimensions and sub-dimension from the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ regarding personality. This was a non-experimental study in which a descriptive transversal design was used. The results that were obtained indicate the players in the selected sample are characterized as people who are: a moderately dynamic, extraverted and dominant; b moderately altruistic, understanding and tolerant; c moderately responsible, orderly, and diligent; d moderately balanced, calm, patient, and able to manage their emotions moderately well; and e rather uncreative, unimaginative, and not well informed.

  16. Training physical education students to self-regulate during basketball free throw practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Timothy J; Zimmerman, Barry J; Keating, Tedd

    2006-06-01

    The additive effects of self-regulation training in forethought, performance, and self-reflection phase processes on acquiring a novel motoric skill (i.e., basketball free throws) and self-reflective beliefs were studied with 50 college students. The results showed a positive linear trend between the number of self-regulatory phases, in which the participants were trained, and their free throw shooting performance and shooting adaptation. The two- and three-phase training groups displayed significantly more accurate free throws and were able to self-correct their shooting form more frequently following missed shots than all other groups. Participants who received three-phase training displayed the most adaptive motivational profile, characterized by making strategic attributions and adaptive inferences and by using self/process criteria during self-evaluations. PMID:16898280

  17. THE COACH-ATHLETE RELATIONSHIP IN BASKETBALL. ANALYSIS OF THE ANTECEDENTS, COMPONENTS AND OUTCOMES

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    Jos\\u00E9 M. S\\u00E1nchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to examine the coach-athlete relationship by analyzing the determinants of the quality of that relationship, the components emerged from previous constraints and the outcomes of the relationship. We accomplished a qualitative study using semistructured in-depth interviews with a total of 4 dyads (2 coaches and 4 players selected deliberately. The data obtained suggested that the coach-athlete relationship in basketball is organized into three layers: a relationship antecedent variables (coach's and athlete's behaviour and values wanted, b components (behaviours, feelings, cognitions, improvement and maintenance strategies, and management of differences and c the consequences or outcomes (the coach and the player. In conclusion, we found that the different antecedents determine the components of the relationship, generating, in the case of positive relationships, satisfaction, wellbeing and performance, representing a personal and professional growth in both members of the dyad.

  18. L'action de tir à mi-distance en basket-ball : une approche technologique

    OpenAIRE

    Muguet,, Jean-Pierre

    2009-01-01

    Cette étude d'une action particulière du basket-ball a été conduite afin d'approfondir les conditions d'élaboration et de fonctionnement d'une démarche technique. Le sujet qui sert de support à cette exploration, le tir à mi-distance, a été choisi à la fois à cause de l'impossibilité de poursuivre un tel objectif en une seule étude pour l'ensemble du jeu, et parce qu'il en est une des actions typiques et néanmoins problématique dans le monde de l'intervention. La nécessité de différer l'opéra...

  19. Effect of body mass and midsole hardness on kinetic and perceptual variables during basketball landing manoeuvres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nin, Darren Z; Lam, Wing K; Kong, Pui W

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of body mass and shoe midsole hardness on kinetic and perceptual variables during the performance of three basketball movements: (1) the first and landing steps of layup, (2) shot-blocking landing and (3) drop landing. Thirty male basketball players, assigned into "heavy" (n = 15, mass 82.7 ± 4.3 kg) or "light" (n = 15, mass 63.1 ± 2.8 kg) groups, performed five trials of each movement in three identical shoes of varying midsole hardness (soft, medium, hard). Vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) during landing was sampled using multiple wooden-top force plates. Perceptual responses on five variables (forefoot cushioning, rearfoot cushioning, forefoot stability, rearfoot stability and overall comfort) were rated after each movement condition using a 150-mm Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). A mixed factorial analysis of variance (ANOVA) (Body Mass × Shoe) was applied to all kinetic and perceptual variables. During the first step of the layup, the loading rate associated with rearfoot contact was 40.7% higher in the "heavy" than "light" groups (P = .014) and 12.4% higher in hard compared with soft shoes (P = .011). Forefoot peak VGRF in a soft shoe was higher (P = .011) than in a hard shoe during shot-block landing. Both "heavy" and "light" groups preferred softer to harder shoes. Overall, body mass had little effect on kinetic or perceptual variables. PMID:26211423

  20. EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR THE ACQUISITION OF PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE BY YOUTH BASKETBALL COACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Feu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify the educational means that coaches of school-aged children utilize to acquire their professional knowledge. Youth basketball coaches (n=118 with a heterogeneous education coming from different educational means participated in the study. Of them, 81.7% were previously basketball players. As a measurement instrument, a modified version of the scale by Feu (2006 was utilized to determine the coach's professional knowledge. The new scale had 21 items distributed in seven dimensions that corresponded to three theoretical factors. The items were answered with a 5-point Likert scale. The statistical analysis consisted of an exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation and self-values >1 in order to determine the latent structure of the relationships between the scale's items. Previously, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index and Bartlett's sphere test were analyzed. The reliability of the scale and the sub-scales was studied through the Cronbach's Alpha coefficient. The means, standard deviations, and correlations between item and scale as well as item and ub-scale were analyzed. The exploratory factor analysis, after the elimination of five items, and the Cronbach's Alpha coefficients demonstrated that the scale and sub-scales had some adequate psychometric properties (a>.70. All the items obtained item and sub-scale correlations greater than .40. Formal education was the factor that had the greatest acceptance among the coaches (M=21.71+,-4.63 followed by acquired experiences as a player (M=16.70+,-5.64, and then the acquired experiences and innovations as a coach (M=13.45+,-2.97. The scale that was utilized has adequate validity and reliability to determine how the coach constructs his/her professional knowledge.

  1. PROSPECTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF BASKETBALL INJURIES DURING ONE COMPETITIVE SEASON: ANKLE SPRAINS AND OVERUSE KNEE INJURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Cumps

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This prospective cohort study aims to assess the overall incidence of acute and overuse basketball injuries and identifies risk factors associated with ankle sprains and knee overuse injuries. In total, 164 senior players (23.7 years ± 7.0 of all levels of play, and including both men and women, participated voluntarily during one season. A total of 139 acute and 87 overuse injuries were reported, resulting in an overall injury incidence of 9.8 (8.5 to 11.1 per 1,000 hours. The incidence of acute injuries was 6.0/1,000 hours. Ankle sprains (n = 34 accounted for most acute injuries, and 52.9% of all players with ankle sprains reported a previous ankle sprain. Relative Risks (RR and Odds Ratio (OR with their 95% Confidence Intervals (CI were calculated to determine significant differences. Landing on an opponent's foot was the major inciting event, significantly more so than non contact mechanisms (RR=2.1 [95% CI: 1.0-4.2]. Acute knee injuries resulted in the highest playing absence (7 weeks 2 days ± 9 weeks 1 day. Overuse injury incidence was 3.8/1,000 hours. The knee (1.5/1,000 hours was the most common site. Forward players sustained less knee overuse injuries than players of all other playing positions, and significantly less than center players (OR=0.5 [95% CI: 0.2-0.9]. This study showed that ankle sprains and overuse knee injuries are the most common injuries in basketball, both accounting for 14.8%. Injury prevention programmes however should not concentrate on those injuries only, but might one to consider that acute knee injuries, in spite of the fact that they occur less frequently, also merit further research.

  2. The effect of heart rate variability biofeedback on performance psychology of basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Maman; Garg, Kanupriya

    2012-06-01

    Coping with pressure and anxiety is an ineluctable demand of sports performance. Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback (BFB) shall be used as a tool for self regulating physiological responses resulting in improved psycho physiological interactions. For further analysis, the present study has been designed to examine the relationship between anxiety and performance and also effectiveness of biofeedback protocol to create stress-eliciting situation in basketball players. Thirty basketball players of university level and above (both male and female) aged 18-28 years, who scored a minimum of 20 in state trait anxiety inventory, were randomly divided into three equal groups- Experimental (Biofeedback) group, Placebo group and Control (No Treatment) group. The BFB group received HRV BFB training for 10 consecutive days for 20 min that included breathing at individual's resonant frequency through a pacing stimulus; Placebo group was shown motivational video clips for 10 consecutive days for 10 min, whereas No Treatment Control group was not given any intervention. Two way repeated measure ANOVA was applied to analyze the differences within and between the groups. Anxiety, coping self-efficacy, heart rate variability, respiration rate, and performance (dribbling, passing and shooting) at session 1, 10 and 1 month follow up were statistically significant in each group along with interaction of group and time (p anxiety. The Placebo group showed improvement in self efficacy and performance post training. The Control group showed no change in any variable except performance. The results of the study support the idea that HRV BFB lowers the anxiety and thus there seems to be a potential association between HRV BFB and performance optimization. PMID:22402913

  3. A caffeinated energy drink improves jump performance in adolescent basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abian-Vicen, Javier; Puente, Carlos; Salinero, Juan José; González-Millán, Cristina; Areces, Francisco; Muñoz, Gloria; Muñoz-Guerra, Jesús; Del Coso, Juan

    2014-05-01

    This study aimed at investigating the effects of a commercially available energy drink on shooting precision, jump performance and endurance capacity in young basketball players. Sixteen young basketball players (first division of a junior national league; 14.9 ± 0.8 years; 73.4 ± 12.4 kg; 182.3 ± 6.5 cm) volunteered to participate in the research. They ingested either (a) an energy drink that contained 3 mg of caffeine per kg of body weight or (b) a placebo energy drink with the same appearance and taste. After 60 min for caffeine absorption, they performed free throw shooting and three-point shooting tests. After that, participants performed a maximal countermovement jump (CMJ), a repeated maximal jumps test for 15 s (RJ-15), and the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1). Urine samples were obtained before and 30 min after testing. In comparison to the placebo, the ingestion of the caffeinated energy drink did not affect precision during the free throws (Caffeine = 70.7 ± 11.8 % vs placebo = 70.3 ± 11.0 %; P = 0.45), the three-point shooting test (39.9 ± 11.8 vs 38.1 ± 12.8 %; P = 0.33) or the distance covered in the Yo-Yo IR1 (2,000 ± 706 vs 1,925 ± 702 m; P = 0.19). However, the energy drink significantly increased jump height during the CMJ (38.3 ± 4.4 vs 37.5 ± 4.4 cm; P shooting precision. PMID:24599611

  4. 2011年亚锦赛中国女篮竞技水平研究%Research on the Competitive Level of Chinese Women's Basketball in 2011 Asian Basketball Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯其明

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料法和数理统计法,对2011年亚洲女篮锦标赛的中国女篮基本信息和比赛的数据进行处理分析,探究中国女篮竞技水平状况,为中国女篮在2012年伦敦奥运会取得理想成绩提供一定的借鉴和参考.%By adopting the methods of literature review and mathematical statistics, the basic information and match statistics concerning the Chinese women's basketball team in Asian basketball championship 2011 were processed and analyzed in an attempt to get acquainted with the current competitive level of women's basketball so as to provide some references for the preparation of the 2012 London Olympics games in the hope of achieving the desired results.

  5. Assessment of anthropological, physical and functional indices in sportsmen (basketball players) against the background of high physical loading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakhunashvili, G; Jobava, N; Guchashvili, M; Chakhunashvili, K; Gogilashvili, T; Shvangiradze, M; Pagava, K

    2011-01-01

    The goal of the investigation was the estimation of functional condition of anthropometrical, physical and cardiovascular system of sportsmen-basketball players against the background of high physical loading. 100 basketball players at the age from 12 till 18 years underlay the study. Randomized and open controllable research was carried out during 6 months. The following characteristics have been studied: how many days the sportsman is training in a week, how many hours the sportsman is training per day, his mood after training, over fatigue and overtension, frequency of heartbeat, time of breath holding, the general condition, the height in sitting and standing position; circumference of lumbus, chest, arm and limbs, the pulse, pulse, systolic and diastolic arterial pressure before and after physical loading. According to these factors the following sport indices are calculated: Index of Rufe (physical work capacity), the coefficient of endurance (Kvas formula), Shtange test (breath holding at sighing), Genchi test (breath holding at exhalation), average arterial pressure, systolic and cardiac output of blood circulation (the formula of Lilienstrad and Tsander), the coefficient of blood circulation effectiveness, Ketle index (the ratio of height and weight), Minuvre index (the ratio of body and feet length), Pinie index (power of body-build). Statistically authentic increase of breath and pulse in frequency was observed in sportsmen-basketball players after physical loading. The study of amplitude parameters of cardiac cycle among sportsmen-basketball players before and after physical loading has revealed the ability of rather low adaptation of cardiovascular system to physical loading. PMID:21873748

  6. Wheelchair Propulsion Biomechanics in Junior Basketball Players: A Method for the Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Specific Training Program

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Bergamini; Francesca Morelli; Flavia Marchetti; Giuseppe Vannozzi; Lorenzo Polidori; Francesco Paradisi; Marco Traballesi; Aurelio Cappozzo; Anna Sofia Delussu

    2015-01-01

    As participation in wheelchair sports increases, the need of quantitative assessment of biomechanical performance indicators and of sports- and population-specific training protocols has become central. The present study focuses on junior wheelchair basketball and aims at (i) proposing a method to identify biomechanical performance indicators of wheelchair propulsion using an instrumented in-field test and (ii) developing a training program specific for the considered population and assessing...

  7. THE EFFECTS OF MASSAGE AFTER ONE SESSION OF INTENSE EXERCISE PARTICULARLY IN WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL ON IMMUNOGLOBULIN A IN ELITE MENS

    OpenAIRE

    Behnam Ghasemi; Saman Yousefi Saghezi; Mohammad Faramarzi

    2011-01-01

    This study determines the effect of massage on immunoglobulin A with wheelchair basketballdisabled one in the exercise session was particularly intense. Subjects included 16 people werephysically disabled. The disability rating; making them homogeneous and equal to 8 playercontrol groups and 8 Experimental group patients groups. Exercise special intensive session wasdo with wheelchair basketball for 40 minutes and the maximum intensity. After 20 minutes ofactivity in experimental group massag...

  8. Further Analysis of the Matching Law to Describe Two- and Three-point Shot Allocation by Professional Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowich, Paul; Bourret, Jason; Vollmer, Timothy R

    2007-01-01

    The matching law was used to analyze whether the proportion of shots taken from two- or three-point range would match the proportional reinforcement rates produced by those shots when the reinforcement rate of three-point shooting was changed. Rule changes in 1994 and 1997 altered the distance of the three-point line in the National Basketball Association, which created a quasiexperimental reversal design, thereby naturally changing three-point reinforcement rates. The present data partially ...

  9. Comparative Analysis of Plyometric Training Program and Dynamic Stretching on Vertical Jump and Agility in Male Collegiate Basketball Player

    OpenAIRE

    John Shaji; Saluja Isha

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare, analyze the individual and combined effect of plyometric training program and dynamic stretching on vertical jump and agility. The subjects included 45, healthy male collegiate basketball players between the ages of 18-25. All subjects were tested in the vertical jump and agility using the Sergeant Jump test and T-test respectively prior to starting the dynamic stretching and plyometric training program. The subjects then completed a four week plyomet...

  10. High- versus low-top shoes for the prevention of ankle sprains in basketball players. A prospective randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, J R; Tanji, J L; Drake, C; Fuller, D; Kawasaki, R I; Fenton, R M

    1993-01-01

    Using a prospective, randomized experimental design, 622 college intramural basketball players were stratified by a previous history of ankle sprains to wear a new pair of either high-top, high-top with inflatable air chambers, or low-top basketball shoes during all games for a complete season. Subjects were asked to complete a history questionnaire and were given a complete ankle examination. They were allowed to wear these shoes only during basketball competition. Followed over the course of a 2-month intramural season, 15 ankle injuries occurred during 39,302 minutes of player-time: 7 in high-top shoes, 4 in low-top shoes, and 4 in high-top shoes with inflatable air chambers. The injury rates (injuries per player-minute) were 4.80 x 10(-4) in high-top shoes, 4.06 x 10(-4) in low-top shoes, and 2.69 x 10(-4) in high-top shoes with inflatable air chambers. There was no significant difference among these 3 groups, leading to the conclusion that there is no strong relationship between shoe type and ankle sprains. PMID:8368420

  11. EFFECT OF WOBBLE BOARD BALANCE TRAINING PROGRAM ON STATIC BALANCE, DYNAMIC BALANCE & TRIPLE HOP DISTANCE IN MALE COLLEGIATE BASKETBALL ATHLETE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Panwar, MPT (Sports

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Aim & Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of wobble board balance training program on static & dynamic balance & on triple hop distance in male collegiate basketball athletes. Methodology: Fifty healthy basketball players within a age group of 18-22 yrs. were randomly selected with a baseline BESS score between 6 to 14 & modified SEBT score equal to or greater than 94 (till 100 and they randomly divided into control (n-25 & training group (n-25.The training group were given eight weeks of training ( for first two weeks on floor & next six weeks on wobble board & training was given five times a week for first four weeks & three times a week for next four weeks while the control group performed their regular training under the supervision of a physiotherapist . Pre (0 week & post ( 8 weeks measurements of static & dynamic balance & triple hop distance were noted for both groups. Results: The pre and post test readings of BESS score shows significant improvement. Similarly, there is a significant improvement in m-SEBT score in all three positions. Pre and post test readings for the triple hop distance shows equal improvement for both control & training group. Discussion & Conclusion: This study concluded that wobble board balance training program is an effective mean for improvement of static & dynamic balance in male collegiate basketball athletes.

  12. Workability’s recreation methodic with application of cupping massage and autogenic training of women student teams’ basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to experimentally subsituate effectiveness of non traditional complex methodic of recreation in female basketball players’ training process. Material: 22 basketball players of women student’s team participated in the research. Pedagogic testing was conducted by 12 tests in special physical and technical fitness. Psycho-physiological testing was conducted by program PSYCHO-DIAGNOSTIC. Groups were trained by identical programs during 9 weeks. Results: we authors observed increased physical and technical fitness of basketball players. Besides, quantity of mistakes in response to visual irritator reduced. It indirectly witnesses about strengthening of nervous processes. There was registered influence of mind on quality of organism’s recreation after physical loads. Conclusions: the authors recommend methodic of cupping massage, combined with autogenic training. Autogenic training implies repeated pronouncing by instructor (or independently by sportswomen of text, describing coming turn by turn natural images. Peculiarities of massage were influence of massage passes on muscles and ligaments. Cupping massage was used after warming up classic massage techniques.

  13. Relative age effect and performance in the U16, U18 and U20 European Basketball Championships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrieta, Haritz; Torres-Unda, Jon; Gil, Susana María; Irazusta, Jon

    2016-08-01

    This study sought to determine the association of relative age and performance of young elite basketball players. The distribution of the birth dates, heights, positions, classification and performance of the male and female participants (n = 2395) of the U16, U18 and U20 European Basketball Championships were analysed. We found an over-representation of players born during the initial months of the year in all groups, with the relative age effect being more evident in players of the U16 and U18 groups, than of the U20 teams, particularly in male squads. Nevertheless, in the U20 championships, those teams that had the oldest players performed the best. In all championships, the oldest participants played more minutes. In addition, relatively older male players scored better in total points and in performance index rating when results were normalised to played time. This effect was not found for female players. Regarding playing position, different distributions of birth dates were observed due to each position's physical requirements. Thus, basketball coaches and managers should keep these results in mind when they select players because if not, they might subject players who are born towards the end of the year to a negative selection bias. PMID:26666180

  14. Methodological basement of individual regulation of a size of physical loading at pupil of middle class during basketball lessons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina J.L.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Addressed, theoretically and experimentally proved highly effective, and informative method of subjective control of physical exertion in basketball students. The study involved students 12-13 years old, pupils from different schools of Kharkov (girls. The experiment was conducted on the basis of Camp «Zirka» Krasnograd area during the summer. We simulated the physical education class with basketball, which were carried out 2 times a week, lasted 45 minutes. The total duration of the experiment - 6 weeks. The control group consisted of 12 students, the pilot - 12. The perceived value of the load was determined by the Borg scale, which is a series of numbers from 6 to 20, which correspond to qualitative (verbally the characteristics of the value carried the load. Heart rate was recorded at the end of each exercise palpation method. Adequacy of the subjective method of regulation of physical activity for the problems of the learning process associated with the development of special endurance in basketball.

  15. Acute Effects of Two Different Resistance Circuit Training Protocols on Performance and Perceived Exertion in Semiprofessional Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Tomás T; Calleja-González, Julio; Alarcón, Francisco; Alcaraz, Pedro E

    2016-02-01

    This study aimed to investigate the acute effects of two different resistance circuit training protocols on basketball players' physical and technical performance and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). In a repeated-measures, crossover experimental design, 9 semiprofessional basketball players performed a Power Circuit Training (PCT; 45% 1RM) and a High-Resistance Circuit Training (HRC; 6RM), on consecutive weeks. Vertical and horizontal jump performance, 3-points shooting accuracy, repeated-sprint ability (RSA), agility, and upper body power output were measured before and after training. The RPE was assessed 20 minutes after resistance training. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance showed performance decrements in vertical jump height and peak power, horizontal jump distance, 3-points percentage, bench-press power output, RSA total and ideal time, and agility T-Test at total time following HRC, but not PCT (p ≤ 0.05). The RPE was higher in HRC compared with PCT. The results of this study indicated that HRC was perceived as being harder and produced higher fatigue levels, which in turn lowered acute performance. However, low-to-moderate intensity loads did not negatively affect performance. Thus, completing a PCT session may be the most appropriate option before a practice or game as it avoids acute-resistance-training-induced performance decrements. However, if the objective of the basketball session is to develop or perfect technical skills during fatiguing conditions, HRC may be the more suitable option. PMID:26813631

  16. The research and application of "consciousness training method" in college basketball teaching and training%试析高校篮球教学与训练中"意识训练法"的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟轩

    2015-01-01

    篮球比赛的胜利,60%靠思维,40%靠体力.这种思维就主要体现为篮球意识.现代高校篮球教学与训练中,都非常注重于学生篮球意识的锻炼与培养,通过篮球意识训练法,使学生的篮球意识与身体机能、技战术水平得到同步的提高与发展.本文结合实际教学经验,从篮球意识训练法的内涵出发,并着重就意识训练法在高校篮球教学与训练中的具体应用进行了研究与探索.%The basketball game victory, 60% by thinking, 40% by manual. This thought is mainly embodied in basketball consciousness. Modern college basketball teaching and training, are very pay attention to exercise and training of the student basketball consciousness, through the basketball consciousness training method, make the students' basketball consciousness and body function, synchronization technology and tactics level of growth and development. In this paper, combined with the practical teaching experience, starting from the connotation of basketball consciousness training method, consciousness training method is studied in college basketball teaching and training of the specific application.

  17. Application of basketball simulation technology based on virtual reality%基于虚拟现实的篮球技术仿真应用探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟

    2014-01-01

    A basketball technology to construct the simulation system Abstract] the use of computer information,virtual reality technology,the simulation system includes basketball simulation model, basketball players and basketball motion capture virtual model technology of 3D simulation and the corresponding 3D simulation database part.This provides a good learning environment,the training of basketball simulation system based on virtual reality for athlete's training.%本课题利用计算机信息、虚拟现实等技术构建了一种篮球技术仿真系统,该仿真系统包括篮球运动员的虚拟仿真模型、篮球运动捕捉虚拟仿真模型以及蓝球运动技术三维仿真和相应的三维仿真数据库几部分。这种基于虚拟现实的篮球技术仿真系统为运动员的训练提供了良好的学习、训练环境。

  18. Impact of fatigue on the position of the release arm and shoulder girdle over a longer shooting distance for an elite basketball player.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erculj, Frane; Supej, Matej

    2009-05-01

    The purpose of this case study is to establish how a gradual increase in fatigue affects the position of the arms and shoulders during a long shot in a basketball game. For this purpose, Primoz Brezec, an elite National Basketball Association player, performed a total of 7 series of 20 shots from a distance of 7.24 m. The subject performed a special basketball motor task between individual series' of shots. The fatigue gradually increased with each motor task, and in the meantime, the subject's heart rate (HR) and blood lactate concentration (LA) were measured. The height of each jump during the shot at the basket was measured, and all shots were recorded using a system of 3 digital cameras operating at a frequency of 50 Hz. Thereafter, a kinematic analysis was applied to calculate the height of the shoulder and wrist of the release arm, as well as the elbow and upper arm angles, with regard to the vertical line. The study results reveal statistically significant differences (p shooting technique as a consequence of moderate and, in particular, heavy fatigue. The findings also suggest the need for basketball coaches and basketball conditioning coaches to include moderate- and high-intensity exercise in their shooting practice sessions. PMID:19387370

  19. Inter-limb coordination, strength, jump, and sprint performances following a youth men's basketball game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortis, Cristina; Tessitore, Antonio; Lupo, Corrado; Pesce, Caterina; Fossile, Eugenio; Figura, Francesco; Capranica, Laura

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to verify whether basketball players are able to maintain strength (handgrip), jump (countermovement jump [CMJ]), sprint (10 m and 10 m bouncing the ball [10 mBB]), and interlimb coordination (i.e., synchronized hand and foot flexions and extensions at 80, 120, and 180 bpm) performances at the end of their game. Ten young (age 15.7 ± 0.2 years) male basketball players volunteered for this study. During the friendly game, heart rate (HR), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of muscle pain (RMP) were assessed to evaluate the exercise intensity. Overall, players spent 80% of the time playing at intensities higher than 85% HRmax. Main effects (p < 0.05) for game periods emerged for HR and the number of players involved in a single action, with lower occurrence of maximal efforts and higher involvement of teammates after the first 2 periods. At the end of the game, players reported high (p < 0.05) RPE (15.7 ± 2.4) and RMP (5.2 ± 2.3) values; decreased (p < 0.05) sprint capabilities (10 m: pre = 1.79 ± 0.09 seconds, post = 1.84 ± 0.08 seconds; 10 mBB: pre = 1.81 ± 0.11 seconds, post = 1.96 ± 0.08 seconds); increased (p < 0.05) interlimb coordination at 180 bpm (pre = 33.3 ± 20.2 seconds, post = 43.9 ± 19.8 seconds); and maintained jump (pre = 35.2 ± 5.2 cm, post = 35.7 ± 5.2 cm), handgrip (pre = 437 ± 73 N, post = 427 ± 55 N), and coordinative performances at lower frequencies of executions (80 bpm: pre = 59.7 ± 1.3 seconds, post = 60.0 ± 0.0 seconds; 120 bpm: pre = 54.7 ± 12.3 seconds, post = 57.3 ± 6.7 seconds). These findings indicate that the heavy load of the game exerts beneficial effects on the efficiency of executive and attentive control functions involved in complex motor behaviors. Coaches should structure training sessions that couple intense physical exercises with complex coordination tasks to improve the attentional capabilities of the players. PMID:20885333

  20. Why do they engage in such hard programs? The search for excellence in youth basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Carlos E; Coelho e Silva, Manuel J; Carvalho, Humberto M; Gonçalves, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Excellent performance in sport has a strong positive relationship with the accumulated hours of practice. The specialization years are seen as a decisive moment to lift the skill level, athletic readiness and commitment but the selection and orientation of talent has been strongly dependent of biological and motor variables. The purpose of this study is to describe the achievement and motivation variables that can explain the belonging to an elite competitive level of young basketball players. Eighty-two basketball players under 16 years fulfilled the WOFO Questionnaire (Spence and Helmreich, 1983), and an adapted version of the DPMQ (De Bruin, Rikers and Schmidt, 2007). Forty players (mean age 15. 8 ± 0.96) were engaged in high performance centres and forty-two (mean age 15.6 ± 1.01) played in national level clubs. A decision tree and a random forest analysis between elite and national level players were performed. The most discriminant variable was Will to Excel, with 85,2% true positives in elite or national level. Mastery and competitiveness did not enter the final model. The will to reach excellence in performance can be considered as a condition to engage in more specialized and demanding practice. The assessment of the path to expertise only through motor variables or through the accumulated hours of deliberate practice is limited and can lead to mistaken identification or orientation of young sport talents. The use of a more comprehensive model is needed. Key pointsExcellent performance in sport has a strong positive relationship with the accumulated hours of practice.It seems reasonable that if the young athletes are better selected, have better training conditions and practice and compete more time with better teammates and opponents, the chance of becoming competent adult athletes is greater.A self orientation to excellence may play a crucial role in persistence in practice, in order to achieve higher standards in competition.The specific motivation

  1. Control and analysis of dynamics of technical and tactical actions in defence during the game in basketball players of superleague team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Mitova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the dynamics of technical and tactical actions in defense during the match in basketball major league team. Material and Methods: the methods were applied to analyze and summarize the literature, analysis of statistical reports, teacher observation of competitive activity, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: by monitoring and analyzed dynamics of technical and tactical actions in the defense during a game of basketball at the major league team. Conclusions: basketball players show the highest indicators in the third quarter and at the end of the match – in the fourth quarter there is a gradual decrease in indicators such as: the rebounds, block shots, fouls and steels, and the increase – missing the shots, ball loss.

  2. 普通高校篮球教学质量综合评价%Study on Comprehensive Evaluation for College Basketball Teaching Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周敏

    2012-01-01

    By using the methods of expert interview and hierarchy analysis, this paper constructed basketball teaching quality evaluation system of college. The results show that college basketball teaching quality evaluation system includes 4 first level indexes, 20 level two indexes; classroom teaching and the teaching effect are the im-portant content of evaluating teaching quality of basketball course in colleges and universities.%运用专家访谈法和层次分析等方法,对高校篮球课教学质量评价体系进行构建,结果表明:高校篮球教学质量评价体系包括4个一级指标,20个二级指标;课堂教学以及教学效果是评价高校篮球课教学质量的重要内容。

  3. Ankle trauma significantly impairs posture control--a study in basketball players and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrin, P P; Béné, M C; Perrin, C A; Durupt, D

    1997-07-01

    Both ankle and hip movements are used to maintain balance in strategies defined as bottom up and top down models. This suggests that pathological impairment of either of these articulations could modify the parameters of balance control. In order to appreciate the bearing of ankle damage on the proper control of equilibrium, posturographic recordings were compared, in a static and two dynamic tests, between 15 professional national basketball players, with histories of 10 to 15 ankle sprains, and 50 controls. In statokinesigrams obtained with eyes open or closed, center of foot pressure displacements were of similar length (way) between controls and players, while the area covered was increased for the latter and related to the history of ankle trauma. In a toes-up dynamic test (4 degrees, 50 degrees/s) coupled with electromyographic recordings, the short latency response (myotatic reflex in the triceps surae muscle) normalized to one meter body height, was shorter in players without relationship to histories of ankle damage. In a prolonged sinusoidal dynamic test, players with the largest number of ankle trauma showed greater difficulties in maintaining posture control. These data pinpoint the role of ankles in the control of both static and dynamic balance and demonstrate that the role of the hip joints becomes more important (top down strategy) in the case of damaged ankles. PMID:9298781

  4. Influence of wheel configuration on wheelchair basketball performance: wheel stiffness, tyre type and tyre orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, B S; Lemstra, M; van der Woude, L H V; Vegter, R; Goosey-Tolfrey, V L

    2015-04-01

    The aim of the current investigation was to explore the lateral stiffness of different sports wheelchair wheels available to athletes in 'new' and 'used' conditions and to determine the effect of (a) stiffness, (b) tyre type (clincher vs. tubular) and (c) tyre orientation on the physiological and biomechanical responses to submaximal and maximal effort propulsion specific to wheelchair basketball. Eight able-bodied individuals participated in the laboratory-based testing, which took place on a wheelchair ergometer at two fixed speeds (1.1 and 2.2 m s(-1)). Outcome measures were power output and physiological demand (oxygen uptake and heart rate). Three participants with experience of over-ground sports wheelchair propulsion also performed 2 × 20 m sprints in each wheel configuration. Results revealed that wheels differed significantly in lateral stiffness with the 'new' Spinergy wheel shown to be the stiffest (678.2 ± 102.1 N mm(-1)). However the effects of stiffness on physiological demand were minimal compared to tyre type whereby tubular tyres significantly reduced the rolling resistance and power output in relation to clincher tyres. Therefore tyre type (and subsequently inflation pressure) remains the most important aspect of wheel specification for athletes to consider and monitor when configuring a sports wheelchair. PMID:25726151

  5. An Analysis of Physical Fitness Differences in Soccer,Handball,and Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUHong; ZHONGPu

    2002-01-01

    This study focuses on the evaluation of the differences of physical fitness among soccer players,handball players,and basktball players,and the investigation of the physical fitness structures of those players,The participants consisted of 160 elite players selected from university teams,Fourteen tests related to health and motor fitness were conducted.The results were subjected to a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to test the mean vector differences among the three groups of different sport.Nine out of the fourteen tests were of of significantly discriminating results regarding to different group,which include side step,abdominal strength,shuttle running,100m running,pull-up,1,500m running,trunk frunk flexion,grip strength and broad jump,as determined by a stepwise regression approach,MANOVA showed that there was a significant difference(P<0.001) of the mean vectors of the 9 tests among the three events,Discriminant function analysis showed that three discriminant functions were significant,whose correctness was testified by the classification analysis to be over 80.2%,it is demonstrated that elite handball players are good at agility,elite soccer players are speedy,and successful basketball players apparently possess preeeminent muscular strength and endurance.

  6. EFFECT OF A TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS' DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Alarc\\u00F3n

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse whether a tactical training program based on a constructivist model can improve decision making related to keeping control of the ball for a men's senior basketball team composed of ten players. The dependent variables were: player distribution around the ball, and achieving support on both sides of the ball at an effective passing distance. Data collection was made through observational analysis utilizing a previously validated tool. A pretest-posttest design without a control group was used. Results demonstrated an improvement in decision making after the posttest for both the number of support players near the player with the ball, as it increased from 85% in the pretest to 100% in the posttest, and the number of collective or team actions around the player with the ball (from 5% to 76.5% with highly significant differences. The primary conclusion is that a training program for teaching team tactics based on a constructivist model has a positive influence on players' capability to facilitate the pass to their teammates.

  7. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SELF-EFFICACY, PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, AND PARTICIPATION IN YOUTH BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Ortega

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzed the relationship between the level of self-efficacy of the player with the ball in basketball, various performance indicators, and individual participation of the youth player in competition, with the goal of being able to establish initial values that help to define game styles and systems that are adapted to the characteristics of the youth player. In order to evaluate the levels of self-efficacy, a questionnaire was administered to 187 players from the under-16 age category. From a total of 22 games, the following variables related to the individual performance of the player were analyzed: a points scored; b shot attempts and shots made of 1, 2, and 3 points; c efficacy percentage of 1, 2, and 3-point shots; d rebounds made; and e personal fouls received. With regard to participation, the following variables were analyzed: f minutes played; g total time of ball possession; h number of ball possessions; i number of passes received; and j number of offensive phases in which the player participates. The results indicate that the performance and participation variables correctly classify 74.2% when differentiating between players with high and low levels of selfefficacy. The players with high levels of self-efficacy presented higher values in the different performance and participation variables than the players with low levels of self-efficacy.

  8. A model for competitiveness level analysis in sports competitions: Application to basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Saá Guerra, Y.; Martín González, J. M.; Sarmiento Montesdeoca, S.; Rodríguez Ruiz, D.; García-Rodríguez, A.; García-Manso, J. M.

    2012-05-01

    The degree of overall competitiveness of a sport league is a complex phenomenon. It is difficult to assess and quantify all elements that yield the final standing. In this paper, we analyze the general behavior of the result matrices of each season and we use the corresponding results as a probably density. Thus, the results of previous seasons are a way to investigate the probability that each team has to reach a certain number of victories. We developed a model based on Shannon entropy using two extreme competitive structures (a hierarchical structure and a random structure), and applied this model to investigate the competitiveness of two of the best professional basketball leagues: the NBA (USA) and the ACB (Spain). Both leagues’ entropy levels are high (NBA mean 0.983; ACB mean 0.980), indicating high competitiveness, although the entropy of the ACB (from 0.986 to 0.972) demonstrated more seasonal variability than that of the NBA (from 0.985 to 0.990), a possible result of greater sporting gradients in the ACB. The use of this methodology has proven useful for investigating the competitiveness of sports leagues as well as their underlying variability across time.

  9. Motivational Regulations and Goal Orientation in Division III Basketball Players: Gender and Playing Status Differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teri J. Hepler

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in motivational regulations and goal orientation based on gender and playing status.  Method:  Two hundred and fourteen Division III basketball players (92 males, 112 females completed the Sport Motivation Scale-28 and the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport.  Based on average playing time per game, participants were classified as starters (over 20 minutes, n = 80, substitutes (6-20 minutes, n = 65, and benchwarmers (5 minutes or less, n = 63.  Results: Results indicated that males scored higher than females on external regulation, substitutes scored higher than starters on all 3 dimensions of extrinsic motivation, and benchwarmers expressed the most amotivation.  Task orientation was positively related to all types of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Conclusion: While coaches should strive to enhance the intrinsic motivation in all of their athletes, special emphasis should be placed on promoting intrinsic motivation of male athletes and substitutes.  Keywords:  motives, playing time, sex differences

  10. Differences in strength and conditioning coach self-perception of leadership style behaviors at the National Basketball Association, Division I-A, and Division II levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnusen, Marshall J

    2010-06-01

    Leader behaviors have been found to vary by competitive level (6,9,11,26). Similar differences based on the competitive environment have been reported with strength coaches and their training emphases (15,28) but not their leadership style behaviors. This latter area is important to explore because strength coach leader behaviors may result in enhanced cooperation, improved communication, and improved athlete psychological and emotional well-being (14,23,25,27). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the differences in self-perceived leadership styles of National Basketball Association, Division I-A (DI-A) men's basketball, and Division II (DII) men's basketball strength and conditioning coaches. The self-perceived leadership styles of 145 men's basketball strength coaches (National Basketball Association [NBA]=22, DI-A=92, and DII=31) were obtained using the Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (26,41). Frequency data about demographics and training methods were also collected. No significant differences were reported for positive feedback. Otherwise, NBA strength coaches reported more democratic leadership style behaviors than DI-A strength coaches. Division I-A strength coaches were found to be more autocratic than NBA or DII strength coaches. Both NBA and DI-A strength coaches indicated a higher level of training and instruction than did DII strength coaches. National Basketball Association strength coaches also reported engaging in more situational and socially supportive leader behaviors than DI-A and DII strength coaches. Leader behaviors can positively and negatively impact an athlete (23); thus, strength coaches need to evaluate their competitive environment and reflect on the impact of their behaviors and how their approach to leading athletes may need to vary based on the situation. PMID:20453682

  11. Discussion on problems of Chinese Female Basketball from Development Trend of World Basketball Movement%从世界篮球运动发展趋势谈中国男篮亟需解决的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖荣亮; 郑尚武

    2016-01-01

    通过对欧美篮球运动发展趋势的分析,揭示中国男子篮球在近些年国际赛事中竞赛成绩不理想的深层原因;提出中国男篮应坚持走自己“快、灵、准、全、逼防”的技战术风格,在最基础的选材、育人时就要注重球员必须具备“优质”体能,在技术和战术素养的培养中更要立足于谋求全队各位置的“平衡”发展,以形成全队“内外结合、多点进攻”的团队优势。%Through the analysis of the development trend of Europe and the United States basketball , it reveals deep reasons about the Chinese men's basketball competition results in international competitions in recent years. It puts forward that Chinese men's basketball team should adhere to the “quick, spirit, accurate, complete, and forced” tactical style; focus on players must have “high quality” physical ability on basic materials, educational. In the cultivation of the technique and tactics, must base on seeking the “balance”the development of the location , in order to form a team of “combination of inside and outside , the more offensive”team advantage.

  12. 论校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设的积极影响%On a Positive Impact on The Construction of Campus Culture of College Basketball Basketball Team Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云峰

    2015-01-01

    篮球文化在体育文化中占据着重要的角色,承载着体育文化和精神文明,对高校体育的发展的具有重要意义。校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设具有重要价值,是支撑篮球运动队建设的重要精神支撑。因此,对于高校而言,应注重对校园篮球文化的建设工作,明确了解篮球文化建设的地位和作用,本文就校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设的积极影响进行了分析与探究。%Basketball culture in sports culture occupys an important role,carrying the sports culture and spiritual civilization, has an important significance to the development of college sports.Construction of campus culture has an important value of col-lege basketball basketball team building,team building is to support the basketball important spiritual support.Therefore,for the purposes of colleges and universities,should focus on the construction of the campus basketball culture,a clear understand-ing of the status and role of the basketball culture construction,paper,construction of campus culture positive impact on college basketball basketball team building to analyze and explore.

  13. In the grade university the determinatıon of female and male basketball players nutrition knowledge and habits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Süel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study done was to determine the nutritional knowledge and habits of male and famale basketball players, and also find out if there is difference between knowledge of nutrition and habits among male and famale basketball players. 50 famale basketball players and 62 male basketball players in total 112 subjects playing in university basketball teams were partıcıpated in this study. İt’s determined that the average age of the subjects in famales is 21 and in males it is 21.7. ıt’s also determined that the avarage height’s in famales is 168.38, in males 186.55 the average weight in famales is 57.408, in males is 79.03. The questionnalce including 40 questions were applied to subjects in university group contests. The results of the questianneire were evaluated by using the distribution of pencentages. When their knowledge of nutrition is compared, İt’s found out that famales have 25.9 % percentage, males have 36.6 % knowledge. Whether the subjest’s cares for their nutrition or not famales of 16.1 percentage (% answers that they care and 24.1 percentage (% answers this question “sometimes” on the other hand in males 27.7 percentage (% cares and 25 % answers this question with “sometimes” The result of male’s caring more careful when compared with famales about nutrition is found out. When the subjects number of meals are fixied it is found out that % 34.8 of famales eat 3 (times medis in a day in males this percentage is 44.6 (% 44.6 of males eat 3 times in a day İt’s emerged that generally both famale and male basketballers eat 3 times (meals in a day, and observed there isnt a noticable difference between. Whether the subject’s have breakfast or not it is fond out that in famales %13.4’s answer is yes % 22.3’s is “sometimes” on the other and for males these values change as % 18.8 subject’s answer is “yes” and % 28.6’s is “sometimes” It’s concluded that the male players g

  14. 篮球训练仿真系统的实现%Realization of Basketball Training Simulation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张典华; 陈一民

    2015-01-01

    针对当前篮球训练中缺少量化计算的问题,开发了篮球训练仿真系统。首先利用篮球运动轨迹方程求导,得到起落点不在同一水平线上的无空气阻力情况下最佳出手角和出手速度的精确解。实验表明最佳出手角随出手速度的增加而增加,随出手高度的增加而减小。当投篮距离增大时,最小出手速度需要增加,最佳出手角则减小。然后制作了可视化的仿真环境,并对运动员动画、有物理材质的篮球、声音模块、关卡设计、最佳出手角计算模块及网络计分系统等进行了研究。运动员可以利用该可视化环境测算适合自己的最佳出手角和出手速度,辅助训练。%In view of the lack of quantitative calculation problems in the current basketball training, the basketball training simulation system was developed. The exact solution of the best shot angle and velocity of shots without air resistance is solved using the trajectory equation of basketball movement whose start and end point are not in the same level. The result shows that the best shot angle will increase with the increasement of the shot speed, decrease with the increasement of the shot height. With the increasement of the shot distance, the minimum shot speed need to be increased, and the best shot angle is decreased. At the same time, a visual simulation environment is created which includes the animation of athletes, the basketballs with physical material, sound, level design, the best shot angle calculation module and network scoring module. Players can use the visual environment to measure the best shot angle and shot speed for auxiliary training.

  15. The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Lehnert

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Explosive strength of the lower extremities and agility are important parts of game performance in basketball. Although numerous studies have focused on the assessment of the training effect of plyometric training, studies focusing on elite players are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out what changes in explosive strength of the lower extremities take place after a 6 week plyometric training applied in training units during the pre-season in elite basketball players. METHODS: Elite basketball players (N = 12, age 24.36 ± 3.9 years, height 196.2 ± 9.6 cm, weight 92.9 ± 13.9 kg performed a 6 week plyometric training (PT programme predominantly focused on explosive strength of the lower body and upper body and was conducted in sixteen training units during pre-season. The changes in explosive strength were measured by the Counter Movement Jump Free Arms test and Two Step Run Up Jump test; agility was measured using the “T” Drill test and Hexagonal Obstacle test. The players participated in three measurements. The 1st (pretesting was performed on the first day of pre-season, the 2nd (post-testing was done two days after completing the PT programme and the 3rd (post-testing six weeks after completing the PT programme. Friedman’s ANOVA for repeated measurements was used to determine the significance of differences between the measurement sessions (p < .05. RESULTS: A significant effect of the training programme was observed only for the Hexagonal Obstacle test (p = .01. A post hoc analysis revealed a significant increase in test performance between the 1st and 3rd measurement (p < .01 and between the 2nd and 3rd measurement (p < .01. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study of elite basketball players did not positively support the assumption that plyometric exercises can be an effective tool for the improvement of explosive strength and agility. However, in some players the

  16. EXAMİNATİON OF PRİMARY SCHOOL LEVEL CHİLDEREN AND YOUTH SETUP OF BASKETBALL MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Şinasi; Hikmet; Olcay

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of this work is to examine the motor development of primary school level children and the youth setup of basketball teams. 71 male students and 68 female students whose age average is 8.8(Ss±1.49) have participated in this research. 40 of those who participated in research are calculated to be doing sports and their length is 4.32(Ss±5.61). In this work Bruininks-Oseretsky Motor Sufficiency Test is used as a tool to gain information. In this test 8 small and 14 skill tests exist for b...

  17. The impact of fatigue on jump shot height and accuracy over a longer shooting distance in basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Erčulj, Frane; Supej, Matej

    2006-01-01

    This study basically aimed to establish how a gradual increase in effort (fatigue) affects the jump height and accuracy of shots at the basket. For this purpose, an elite basketball player, Primož Brezec, performed seven series of 20 shots from a distance of 7.24 metres. All shots were executed in four-second intervals and the height of each jump shot was measured. The accuracy of shots was established on the basis of the number of goals and distance from the centre of the ball to the cent...

  18. Distances and shooting zones as a function of mass of basketball among 9- to 11- year-old male players

    OpenAIRE

    Arias, José L.; Argudo Iturriaga, Francisco Manuel; Alonso, José I.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this study was to analyse with which ball the participants attempted a greater number of shots and achieved more successful shots from distances greater than four meters and from positions outside the free throw lane. The 54 participants included 9 to 11-year-old children from six basketball teams. Three situations were established in which the participants played four games with each of the following balls: a regulation ball (485g, 69-71cm); a ball of smaller mass (440g, 69-71cm)...

  19. The 2008 Olympic Games Basketball Match The Chinese Women's Basketball Team Rebounds Situation Analyses%2008年奥运会篮球比赛中国女篮篮板球情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鹭芸

    2011-01-01

    通过对2008年中国奥运会篮球中国女篮与美国和澳大利亚的比赛中前场子篮板球相关的技术指标进行统计,采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法等研究方法对中、外篮板球急夺方式和运用进行了对比研究,找出篮板球对抗技术运用与提高上所出现问题的症结所在,认为应根据由于运动员的个体差异有针对性的提高运动员的体能、技术、预判意识。%Through to the 2008 China's Olympic basketball the Chinese women's basketball team and the United States and Australia game midfield and the son of technical indexes related rebounding statistics, the literature material law, video observation and statistics methods of a rebound in the way, and use a comparative study of rebounding, and find out the use and improve against technology in the crux of the problem, that shotdd be based on the individual differences because athletes corresponding improve the athlete's physical fitness, technology, anticipation consciousness.

  20. Performance profile of NCAA Division I men's basketball games and training sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conte, D; Tessitore, A; Smiley, K; Thomas, C; Favero, T G

    2016-06-01

    This study aimed to analyse live and stoppage time phases, their ratio, and action played on half and full court in college basketball games. Differences were assessed for the entire games and between halves. Moreover, differences of the live/stoppage time ratio were analysed between games and game-based conditioning drills. Ten games as well as fifteen defensive, fourteen offensive and six scrimmage-type drills of the same division I men's college team (13 players) were analysed using time-motion analysis technique. Live and stoppage time were classified in five classes of duration: 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80, >80 seconds. Half court actions started and finished in the same half court. Full court actions were classified as transfer (TR) phases when at least 3 teammates crossed the mid-court line. TR phases were then classified in 5 classes of frequency: 1TR, 2TR, 3TR, 4TR, and >4TR. The results revealed no statistically significant differences between games or between halves for the considered parameters. The only significant difference was observed for live/stoppage time ratio between halves (p<0.001). Furthermore, a significant difference of the live/stoppage ratio was found between games and game-based drills (p<0.01). Post-hoc analysis demonstrated significant differences of scrimmage-type drills in comparison to games, and defensive and offensive drills (p<0.05), whereas no differences emerged for the other pairwise comparisons. The absence of differences between games in the analysed parameters might be important to characterize the model of performance in division I men's college games. Furthermore, these results encourage coaches to use game-based conditioning drills to replicate the LT/ST ratio documented during games. PMID:27274114

  1. The effects of increased shooting distance in the basketball jump shot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, S; Bartlett, R M

    1993-08-01

    Three-dimensional video techniques (50 Hz) were used to obtain images of basketball jump shots from one of three distances--short range (group 1, n = 5); medium range (group 2, n = 5); long range (group 3, n = 5)--from the basket, as performed by members of the men's quarter-finalist teams at the games of the XVI Universiade in Sheffield in 1991. Fifteen sequences were digitized, beginning 20 frames prior to take-off to 10 frames after release. To facilitate analysis, the sequences were rotated about the ball position in the final frame so that the shot direction was parallel to one of the pre-defined orthogonal axes. Mean (+/- 1 S.D.) ball release speed was found to increase with distance from the basket (group 1 = 3.04 +/- 0.65 m s-1, group 2 = 4.71 +/- 0.74 m s-1, group 3 = 6.24 +/- 0.80 m s-1), while mean release angles were similar for all groups (group 1 = 48.8 +/- 10.1 degrees, group 2 = 47.8 +/- 5.8 degrees, group 3 = 51.9 +/- 5.5 degrees). The increased impulse necessary for the ball to reach the basket at increased shooting distances was derived from both an increase in angular velocity of the elbow joint of the shooting arm and an increased velocity of the centre of mass in the direction of the basket at release. Centre of mass speed at take-off was found to be influenced to a greater extent by the angular velocity of the ankle joint than that of the knee or hip joints.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8230388

  2. The Direct Impact of Team Cohesiveness and Athletes' Perception of Coaching Leadership Functions on Team Success in NCAA Division I Women's Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the direct impact of team cohesiveness and student-athletes' perceptions of coaching behavior/leadership functions on the success of NCAA Division I Women's basketball, based on the teams' win/loss records. The research collection was quantitative in nature. Statistical design and analysis provided justification for the use…

  3. Discussion on Evolution of China's Basketball Fast Attack Tradition Style%刍议中国篮球传统快攻风格的嬗变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴仲学; 于量

    2012-01-01

    通过查阅文献资料、录像观察、数理统计等方法,对中国男子篮球队传统风格嬗变原因进行探讨分析,研究认为:传统快攻风格是中国篮球运动实践中的宝贵财富;中国本土篮球理念同欧美篮球理念之间存在较大的差别,中国篮球运动实践的全盘西化致使传统风格面临濒危的境地;中国篮球快攻技战术应该在尊重传统的基础上,继承和发扬传统快攻风格。%Through using the methods of literature review, video analysis and mathematical statistics, this paper makes an analysis on the evolution of China's basketball traditional fast attack style, reveals that traditional fast attack is China' s valuable treasure of basketball practice; the bigger difference between China' s basketball idea and western idea leads traditional fast attack to the decay situation in the westernization; China's basketball should respect tradition, and then inherit and carry forward the tradition fast attack style.

  4. PREFERENCES AND LEVELS OF SATISFACTION IN TECHNICAL AND TACTICAL ACTIONS AND IN TYPE OF OFFENSE AND DEFENSE UTILIZED IN COMPETITION BY YOUTH BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Ortega

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of the present study are: a to assess which technical and tactical actions of the game youth basketball players like to do in competition at different learning stages, b to find out how much they like to play offense and defense, c to assess the type of offense and defense that they prefer to execute, and d to record the basic tactical team resources (BTTR that are most requested by the youth player at different learning stages. The sample was composed of 989 youth basketball players who participate in the Spanish Basketball Federation leagues (60.1% from mini-basketball and 39.9% from the under-14 category. The results indicate that in competition: a the action that players most like to execute is the shot, b players prefer to be on offense than defense, c the defensive game system that players most enjoy is man-on-man defense, d players prefer pre-established offensive systems as opposed to open systems, and e basic tactical team resources players most enjoy are give-and-go, clear-outs, and penetrate and dish. These data may serve as a reference when doing short-, medium-, and long-term planning. In any case, it is necessary for coaches to combine the preferences of the players with the actual needs of each learning stage.

  5. A Qualitative Study of the Development of Self-Advocacy and Independence through Symbolic Interaction: A Focus on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotewa, Brenda K.

    2013-01-01

    Students with physical disabilities attend college at significantly lower rates, and have a lower college graduation rates, than students without disabilities. Research addressing graduation rates of students with physical disabilities indicates that wheelchair basketball athletes graduate at significantly higher rates than students with physical…

  6. Athletic Recruitment in Wisconsin Public and Non-Public High Schools: The Effect of Inter-District Open Enrollment and outside the Geographic Area on Varsity Basketball Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refsland, Randall G.

    2009-01-01

    The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association is the governing body for high school athletics in the State of Wisconsin. For some time they have been concerned with the growing perception that there is recruitment occurring in varsity basketball within its member schools. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to determine what, if any,…

  7. Does small-sided-games’ court area influence metabolic, perceptual, and physical performance parameters of young elite basketball players?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcelino, PR; Aoki, MS; Arruda, AFS; Freitas, CG; Mendez-Villanueva, A

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of court size on physiological responses and physical performance of young elite basketball players. Twelve male basketball players (18.6 ± 0.5 years; 88.8 ± 14.5 kg; 192.6 ± 6.5 cm) from an under-19 team performed two small-sided games (matches) with different court areas (28x15 m and 28x9 m; 28x15 and 28x9 protocols). The number of players (3x3) was kept the same in each protocol. The players performed a repeated-sprint ability (RSA) test before and after each match. Blood lactate concentration was collected before (pre) and after (post) the matches, and the session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) was determined 30 minutes after the match. Best and mean time in the RSA test were not different between the 28x15 and the 28x9 match protocols (p > 0.05). A significant difference was observed for lactate concentration from pre- to post-match (p 0.05, ES=0.41). In summary, the results of the current study suggest that the different court areas induced similar responses. Although there was no significant difference in effort perception, players tended to perceive a greater effort in the larger court size. PMID:26985132

  8. Analysis of Experts’ Quantitative Assessment of Adolescent Basketball Players and the Role of Anthropometric and Physiological Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štrumbelj Erik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigated two questions: (1 can measurements of anthropometric and physiological attributes substitute for expert assessment of adolescent basketball players, and (2 how much does the quantitative assessment of a player vary among experts? The first question is relevant to the potential simplification of the player selection process. The second question pertains directly to the validity of expert quantitative assessment. Our research was based on data from 148 U14 female and male basketball players. For each player, an array of anthropometric and physiological attributes was recorded, including body height, body mass, BMI, and several motor skill tests. Furthermore, each player's current ability and potential ability were quantitatively evaluated by two different experts from a group of seven experts. Analysis of the recorded data showed that the anthropometric and physiological attributes explained between 15% and 40% of the variance in experts’ scores. The primary predictive attributes were speed and agility (for predicting current ability and body height and growth potential (for predicting potential ability. We concluded that these attributes were not sufficiently informative to act as a substitute for expert assessment of the players’ current or potential ability. There is substantial variability in different experts' scores of the same player’s ability. However, the differences between experts are mostly in scale, and the relationships between experts’ scores are monotonic. That is, different experts rank players on ability very similarly, but their scores are not well calibrated.

  9. Mastering the technique of taking a rebound on opponent’s shield by basketball players of initial level of specialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bukova L.M.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to prove the effectiveness of the use of training program aimed at improving the skill execution of tackling the ball at the opponent's shield attack in basketball specialized base preparation phase. Material: 30 sportsmen of 13-14 years old took part in the test. They were mostly from CYSS (Children and Youth Sports School. Results: low level of efficiency in the fight for the ball bounces in the attack was appeared to take place both in competitive activity in basketball and in performing the control exercises aimed to master the technique of tackling the ball. It was shown that the most important about the mastering of the technique of a rebound taking in the attack is motion. It was found that the use of simple technical actions as for the selection of the ball led to significant success in three control exercises approximately on 52.7% by improving the quality (accuracy, speed of performing the technique mentioned in the training program. Moreover the factor of effectiveness of the fight for a ball increased on 28.9% (P <0, 05 in competitive activity. Conclusions: to recommend the use of exercises which include four possibilities of moving after being blocked by the opponent: direct output, fainted moving with further escape, turn, one step back. This is needed in order to improve the technique of taking a rebound on the shield of the opponent and also to accelerate the formation of skills formation in competitive activity.

  10. 关于对“整体篮球”的解读及思考%Analysis and Discussion of Overall Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向前

    2015-01-01

    Using the method of literature review, this article analyzed the connotation of the“overall basketball” con-cept so as to promote the learning and communication of different basketball techniques and styles, and to pro-vide a theoretical basis and reference for the development of our national basketball. The main conclusion: a-nalysis on collaboration between players in overall basketball games, individual' s use of techniques in the team tactics and stress of players' focus on the game shows that“overall basketball” is a holistic concept of competi-tive basketball, which embraces technical and tactical characteristics, individual performance and team collabo-ration, basketball style in a country' s or region' s basketball training and competition. The application of “o-verall basketball” needs to be based on the actual conditions of basketball development. Still, if it is to main-tain its vitality, it needs to absorb experiences and make innovations. Therefore, we need to look at the“overall basketball” concept rationally.%文章采用文献资料法,通过对整体篮球运动中队员个体间的协作、个人技术发挥以全队战术为前提、强调队员整体对比赛的专注和投入等方面的解读,得出:“整体篮球”是一个国家或地区的篮球训练和竞赛在技战术特点、个体发挥与团队协作、篮球作风和风格等方面表现出的具有整体性特点的竞技篮球理念。但篮球运动的发展都是在相生相克的矛盾中进行的,“整体篮球”理念的运用也需要联系篮球发展的实际,博采众长、推陈出新才能保持其生命力。因此,需要我们对“整体篮球”进行理性思考并用发展的眼光来看待。

  11. 全面-现代篮球运动的努力方向%Comprehensive-direction of modern basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓亮

    2014-01-01

    The 21st Century world basketball began to enter the full time, Not only players with all -round qualities, the level of basketball skills and tactics, especially pay attention to the rationality of height of the team line-up, and balance the offensive and defensive selection and comprehensive.In emphasizing the star team leadership role at the same time, indispensable and pay more attention to the special reserve.With the world basketball deeply and extensive exchanges and fusion, athletes and coaches ( Group ) comprehensive ( overall ) quality is also showing a trend of do many things at once, especially with the coaching staff have been completely broke the region limit, showing the Eurasian, Europe and America, Asia and so different combinations, opened up a mutual learning, mutual exchanges, learn from each other and for all regions of the world different style of basketball, the world basketball development has entered a new period of a unified, various techniques and tactics in different regions is in constant mutual penetration, fusion, absorbing others long, short, and then promote the competitive level of the team continuous improvement, make the team more fully in all aspects.%21世纪世界篮球开始进入全面的时代,不仅要求队员拥有全面的身心素质,篮球技、战术水平,尤其注重球队阵容身高的合理性,以及攻守选择的平衡性与全面性。在强调球星队员领导作用的同时,更注重各具特色的替补队员的不可或缺性。随着世界篮球运动不断地深入和广泛地交流与融合,运动员和教练员(组)的综合(全面)素质也呈现出齐头并进的态势,尤其是教练组成员的搭配已经完全打破了区域的限制,呈现出欧亚、欧美、美亚等不同的组合,为全球各地区风格迥异的篮球开辟了一片相互学习、相互交流、相互借鉴的天地,使世界篮球的发展进入了一个大一统的崭新时期,不同区域

  12. Multiple Feedback Method of "Teaching Reform of the Influence of Basketball%“多元反馈教学法”对篮球教学改革的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭; 韩玮

    2012-01-01

    Multiple feedback teaching theory is an important theory in the basketball teaching reform.In this paper,the method of literature,logic analysis,with multiple feedback teaching theory in the basketball teaching reform the important influence as a starting point,the paper analysis the this theory in the basketball teaching,the application for basketball teaching reform to provide the theory basis.%多元反馈教学理论是篮球教学改革的重要理论。本文运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法,以多元反馈教学理论在篮球教学改革中的重要影响为出发点,分析论证了该理论在篮球教学中的应用,为篮球教学改革提供理论依据。

  13. Quality of life perception of basketball master athletes: association with physical activity level and sports injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Natália Boneti; Mazzardo, Oldemar; Vagetti, Gislaine Cristina; De Oliveira, Valdomiro; De Campos, Wagner

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to verify the prevalence and characteristics of sports injuries (SI) and determine the association between the physical activity level (PA) and SI with perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Brazilian basketball master athletes. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 410 male master athletes, between 35 and 85 years of age (mean 52.26, SD ±11.83). The HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study - Short Form-36. The PA was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Information regarding SI was collected using the Reported Morbidity Survey. Poisson regression, as estimated by the prevalence ratio (PR), was used as a measure of the association of PA and SI with HRQoL. The majority of athletes showed a high SI prevalence (58.3%) and reported one injury (67.8%) that occurred during training (61.1%) and primarily affected a lower limb (74.6%). The adjusted regression models showed a positive association of PA with the Functional Capacity (PR = 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-1.90) and Physical Component (PR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.03-1.70) of HRQoL. Furthermore, the SI were negatively associated with HRQoL in Functional Capacity (PR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.51-2.27), Physical Aspects (PR = 3.99, 95% CI = 3.08-5.18), Pain (PR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.26-2.16), Social Functioning (PR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.41-2.27), Emotional Aspects (PR = 4.40, 95% CI = 3.35-5.78), Mental Health domains (PR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.06-1.68), Physical Component (PR = 2.35, 95% CI = 1.90-2.90) and Mental Component (PR = 2.65, 95% CI = 2.14-3.29). These results highlighted that master athletes showed a high SI prevalence, primarily in the lower limbs. PA positively correlates with the physical HRQoL domain, whereas SI may decrease the HRQoL levels of both physical and mental domains. PMID:26323316

  14. Characterization of college football athletes and basketball: Anthropometry and Body Composition CARACTERIZACIÓN DE DEPORTISTAS UNIVERSITARIOS DE FÚTBOL Y BALONCESTO: ANTROPOMETRÍA Y COMPOSICIÓN CORPORAL

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Juan Verdoy; Jesús Gil Gómez

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction and Objectives. Anthropometric study of university population, comprising men and women college athletes participating in the Championships of Spain's 2008 College basketball and football. The aim of this study is to describe the body composition of male and female college athletes in football and basketball specialtiesMethods. This is a cross-sectional study with direct anthropometric measurements. These have been obtained by following the rules and techniques recommend...

  15. The effects of combined technics training on some physical strength and technical features that is applied to basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Kılınç

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Aim, it is the research about the effects of  combined technics traınıng on some physical, strength and technical features  that is applied to basketball players who are in basic  technich  development . Method, twenty-five (n:25 male volunteers  attended to this research who are the students of primary school.Two group was formed. The  first group went into combined technics training (KTA n.13, age 9.7+/-0.4 year, height 142.7+/-5.8cm, body weight 34+/-5.2 kg, the second group went into normal technics training (NTA n.12, age 10.5+/-0.5 year, height 147.7+/-0.5 cm, body weight 38.1+/-0.7 kg it is organised like this. Measurement of the physical environment, vertical jump test, right-left hand gripping strength, back strength, the basic technich tests (dribbling,changing hands from behind, reverse,  right–left  tourniquet were done. Training was programmed to be in eight weeks, five days in a week and 1.5 hour. Two  tests were applied to the children before and after the training. Descriptive statistics and t-test  were performed from the data that was obtained through the research. Findings, among the test measurment results after training  important  differences were found between combined technical training group (KTA and normal technical training group (NTA in arm, double-leg vertical jump, left-right one foot vertical jump as well as  the technical tests such as (dribbling, changing hands behind, reverse, right-left tourniquet (p<0.05. Results, in terms of  technical development in basketball, combined technical group (KTA had a very important degree of development. Basketball players have also developed the technical testing of computer-aided analysis program can be a practical field conditions can be reported.

  16. Proprioceptive Training and Injury Prevention in a Professional Men's Basketball Team: A Six-Year Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Dario; Bianchi, Roberto; Rocca, Flavio; Mamo, Carlo

    2016-02-01

    Riva, D, Bianchi, R, Rocca, F, and Mamo, C. Proprioceptive training and injury prevention in a professional men's basketball team: A six-year prospective study. J Strength Cond Res 30(2): 461-475, 2016-Single limb stance instability is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries. Therefore, the development of proprioception may play an important role in injury prevention. This investigation considered a professional basketball team for 6 years, integrating systematic proprioceptive activity in the training routine. The purpose was to assess the effectiveness of proprioceptive training programs based on quantifiable instability, to reduce ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain through developing refined and long-lasting proprioceptive control. Fifty-five subjects were studied. In the first biennium (2004-2006), the preventive program consisted of classic proprioceptive exercises. In the second biennium (2006-2008), the proprioceptive training became quantifiable and interactive by means of electronic proprioceptive stations. In the third biennium (2008-2010), the intensity and the training volume increased while the session duration became shorter. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the differences in proprioceptive control between groups, years, and bienniums. Injury rates and rate ratios of injury during practices and games were estimated. The results showed a statistically significant reduction in the occurrence of ankle sprains by 81% from the first to the third biennium (p < 0.001). Low back pain showed similar results with a reduction of 77.8% (p < 0.005). The reduction in knee sprains was 64.5% (not significant). Comparing the third biennium with the level of all new entry players, proprioceptive control improved significantly by 72.2% (p < 0.001). These findings indicate that improvements in proprioceptive control in single stance may be a key factor for an effective reduction in ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain. PMID:26203850

  17. EFFECTS OF CONSECUTIVE BASKETBALL GAMES ON THE GAME-RELATED STATISTICS THAT DISCRIMINATE WINNER AND LOSING TEAMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio J. Ibáñez

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to identify the game-related statistics that discriminated basketball winning and losing teams in each of the three consecutive games played in a condensed tournament format. The data were obtained from the Spanish Basketball Federation and included game-related statistics from the Under-20 league (2005-2006 and 2006-2007 seasons. A total of 223 games were analyzed with the following game-related statistics: two and three-point field goal (made and missed, free-throws (made and missed, offensive and defensive rebounds, assists, steals, turnovers, blocks (made and received, fouls committed, ball possessions and offensive rating. Results showed that winning teams in this competition had better values in all game-related statistics, with the exception of three point field goals made, free-throws missed and turnovers (p > 0.05. The main effect of game number was only identified in turnovers, with a statistical significant decrease between the second and third game. No interaction was found in the analysed variables. A discriminant analysis allowed identifying the two-point field goals made, the defensive rebounds and the assists as discriminators between winning and losing teams in all three games. Additionally to these, only the three-point field goals made contributed to discriminate teams in game three, suggesting a moderate effect of fatigue. Coaches may benefit from being aware of this variation in game determinant related statistics and, also, from using offensive and defensive strategies in the third game, allowing to explore or hide the three point field-goals performance

  18. Importance of clinical examination in diagnostics of Osgood-Schlatter Disease in boys playing soccer or basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amela Halilbasic

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osgood–Schlatter disease is an irritation of the patellar tendon at the tibial tubercle. Sports with jumps, running, and repeated contractions of knee extension apparatus are considered to be importantexternal risk-factors which could cause Osgood–Schlatter disease.Objectives of the study are to draw attention to the importance of clinical examination in diagnostics of Osgood–Schlatter disease in boys playing soccer or basketball.Methods: The research included data obtained from 120 boys, average age of 14 years. Examinees were split into two groups, one with young athletes which regularly have soccer or basketball trainings and thesecond one with boys who do not participating in sports. We performed anthropological measurements and clinical examinations of both knees and hips for both groups. For the statistical analysis we used pointbiserialcorrelation coefficient.Results: Based on clinical examination, Osgood–Schlatter disease was diagnosed in 51 examinees (42.5%. In “athletic group” Osgood–Schlatter disease had 31 boys or 52%, comparing with “non-athletic group” wherewe found 20 adolescents with disease (33%. Number of boys with Osgood–Schlatter disease was higher for 19% in “athletic group” comparing with “non-athletic group”. Comparing incidence rate for boys in both groups with diagnosed II and III level of Osgood–Schlatter disease we found that rate is higher in “athletic group” 2.25 times comparing with “non-athletic group”.Conclusions: Clinical examination is critical method in the process of diagnosing Osgood–Schlatter disease especially for identifying II and III level of this disease.

  19. Proprioceptive Training and Injury Prevention in a Professional Men's Basketball Team: A Six-Year Prospective Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Roberto; Rocca, Flavio; Mamo, Carlo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Riva, D, Bianchi, R, Rocca, F, and Mamo, C. Proprioceptive training and injury prevention in a professional men's basketball team: A six-year prospective study. J Strength Cond Res 30(2): 461–475, 2016—Single limb stance instability is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries. Therefore, the development of proprioception may play an important role in injury prevention. This investigation considered a professional basketball team for 6 years, integrating systematic proprioceptive activity in the training routine. The purpose was to assess the effectiveness of proprioceptive training programs based on quantifiable instability, to reduce ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain through developing refined and long-lasting proprioceptive control. Fifty-five subjects were studied. In the first biennium (2004–2006), the preventive program consisted of classic proprioceptive exercises. In the second biennium (2006–2008), the proprioceptive training became quantifiable and interactive by means of electronic proprioceptive stations. In the third biennium (2008–2010), the intensity and the training volume increased while the session duration became shorter. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the differences in proprioceptive control between groups, years, and bienniums. Injury rates and rate ratios of injury during practices and games were estimated. The results showed a statistically significant reduction in the occurrence of ankle sprains by 81% from the first to the third biennium (p sprains was 64.5% (not significant). Comparing the third biennium with the level of all new entry players, proprioceptive control improved significantly by 72.2% (p ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain. PMID:26203850

  20. INCIDENCIA DE LOS TIROS LIBRES EN PARTIDOS DE BALONCESTO PROFESIONAL [Incidence of free throws in professional basketball games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente García Tormo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es describir la incidencia que tiene el tiro libre sobre el resultado final del encuentro, además de ver que otros factores pueden influir en el porcentaje final de aciertos de tiros libres, comparando para ello las ligas profesionales nacionales con la competición europea. Para ello se han analizado un total de 59364 tiros libres efectuados en 1722 partidos correspondientes a dos temporadas de las ligas profesionales de baloncesto españolas (ACB y LFB y europeas (Euroleague y Euroleague Women. Se ha realizado un análisis descriptivo, un análisis de sincronía y un análisis de los residuos tipificados corregidos. Los resultados evidencian la importancia de los tiros libres en el resultado final, en especial en las ligas masculinas y cuando el marcador final es ajustado. Así mismo, el factor cancha como local tiene relación con una mayor eficacia en los tiros libres y en lograr la victoria.AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe the incident of the free throw on the final results of the basketball match, and see how other factors may influence the final average of successful free throws, comparing national leagues with European competition. A total of 59,364 free throws have been analyzed, corresponding to 1722 matches from two seasons of the Spanish professional basketball league (ACB and LFB and European league (Euroleague Euroleague and women. Has been made descriptive analysis, an analysis of synchrony and an analysis of the residuals corrected. The results demonstrate the importance of free throws for the final score, especially in male and when is a close match. Likewise, the home court advantage is related to higher efficiency in free throws and win the match.

  1. Academic and Workplace-related Visual Stresses Induce Detectable Deterioration Of Performance, Measured By Basketball Trajectories and Astigmatism Impacting Athletes Or Students In Military Pilot Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mc Leod, Roger D.

    2004-03-01

    Separate military establishments across the globe can confirm that a high percentage of their prospective pilots-in-training are no longer visually fit to continue the flight training portion of their programs once their academic coursework is completed. I maintain that the visual stress induced by those intensive protocols can damage the visual feedback mechanism of any healthy and dynamic system beyond its usual and ordinary ability to self-correct minor visual loss of acuity. This deficiency seems to be detectable among collegiate and university athletes by direct observation of the height of the trajectory arc of a basketball's flight. As a particular athlete becomes increasingly stressed by academic constraints requiring long periods of concentrated reading under highly static angular convergence of the eyes, along with unfavorable illumination and viewing conditions, eyesight does deteriorate. I maintain that induced astigmatism is a primary culprit because of the evidence of that basketball's trajectory! See the next papers!

  2. Functional state of the cardiovascular system at female basketball players of a team of the first league in the course of carrying out medical and pedagogical observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Pomeschikova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to define types of vascular reactions and tolerance to physical activity at female basketball players of the I-League. Material and Methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature; medical and pedagogical supervision; methods of mathematical statistics. Results: the data about types of vascular reactions and tolerance to physical activity received by means of carrying out the PWC170 test in the course of medical and pedagogical supervision at female basketball players of the I-League are considered. Conclusions: it is revealed that violations of adaptation of the cardiovascular system and the decrease in the level of fitness of an organism to a loading are observed at sportswomen. It is established that the incorrectness of educational and training process is associated with the decrease in tolerance and mainly atypical types of vascular reactions to a loading.

  3. Research of level of formed knowledge, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of faculty of physical education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalenko J.A.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of a zero control of students of faculty of physical education are presented. The estimation of theoretical knowledge's is conducted, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of a 1 course of directions of preparation «Physical education», «Health of man» and «Sport». It is set that the level of their formed at most students of different directions of preparation is insufficient. It is certain that by reason of such position, foremost, there is insufficient preparation and playing practice of students during teaching at general school. A diary is developed on basket-ball for student general schools.

  4. P05.07. Chronic Fatigue, Depression, and Sleep Disturbances in a 20-year-old Male Collegiate Basketball Player: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Arick, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Focus Areas: Integrative Approaches to Care, Mental Health Chronic fatigue and depression are 2 symptoms that are increasing in frequency in the offices of physicians. Many of these individuals need obvious dietary and lifestyle changes as primary management. In contrast, this case report illustrates a 20-year-old male collegiate basketball player suffering from chronic fatigue, depression, and abnormal sleep patterns. This patient was being treated by a specialty physician group with the dia...

  5. Competitive warm-up in basketball: literature review and proposal CALENTAMIENTO COMPETITIVO EN BALONCESTO: REVISIÓN BIBLIOGRÁFICA Y PROPUESTA

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Warm-up is used, accepted and performed by every participant before practising any sport. Warm-up is also considered by most sportmen as fundamental to achieve optimal performance. However, there is little scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. This lack of evidence, together with the diversity of sports, requires the standardisation of common warm-up patterns for each sport activity. As elite basketball is concerned, a large scientific gap has been found, which the presen...

  6. EFFECT OF FREE-THROW TRAINING PROGRAM ON IMPROVING SHOOT HIT RATE IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS (14-15 YEARS OF AGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atilla PULUR

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The effect of 10 weeks free-throw training program on shoot techniques and the rate of successful shoot of young basketball players were investigated in this study. In addition to this, four thousand free-throw during the 10 week training period was analysed to find the improvement in successful shoot rate and to determine the number of shoots to improve the correct shooting technique including the time taken for this. Participants, Whose average age was 14,82±0,32 years, sport age was 5,29±1,57 years, height was 183,43±6,13 cm, weight was 68,05±7 kg, participated 30 young man basketball players as voluntary. Sportsman were divided 2 groups as experiment and control. Experiment group was made free-throw training before and after general training. At the beginning of the study, While there was a higher success rate and statistical significance (p≤0.05 among the control group compared to the shooting only training group in the pre-test results, at the end of the training period shooting only training group showed a higher statistically significant (p≤0.05 success rate. As a result, general basketball training does not show a significant effect on successful free-throw rate but free-throw training programs have positive results on successful shooting rate among young basketball players and four thousand free-throw training for the period of eight weeks is enough in increasing the successful shooting rate

  7. Non-disabled secondary school children’s lived experiences of a wheelchair basketball programme delivered in the East of England

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Adam B.; Brown, Lindsay J.; Bright, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Frequently an unquestioned belief is held in UK schools in the value of ‘normalised’ ability in physical education. Consequently inclusion of disabled students can be problematical. Negative perceptions of disability are rarely challenged. This study investigated the embodied experiences of 50 non-disabled secondary school pupils during a programme designed to introduce disability sport to non-disabled schoolchildren entitled ‘The Wheelchair Sports Project.’ Wheelchair Basketball sessions wer...

  8. Pragmatic Validity of the Combined Model of Expert System for Assessment and Analysis of the Actual Quality Overall Structure of Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    Trninić, S.; Dizdar, D.; Dežman, B.

    2002-01-01

    The authors presumed that it was possible to replace certain criteria of the expert system aimed at evaluating actual quality of basketball players, proposed by Trnini} et al.1, with the corresponding indicators of situation-related efficiency (official statistics of the game). Hence, the aim of this study is to verify the potential of establishing such a combined model of expert system that would consist of both the evaluation criteria and certain number of objectively measura...

  9. Influence of training mini-basketball in the first year of training at the level of the physical health of children 6–7 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Mitova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the contemporary state of early specialization in sport, to find out its positive and negative influence on children`s organism on the basis of scientific and methodological literature, and also to carry out the control of the level of the health of the children aged 6–7 years old before training and after the first year of playing mini-basketball. Material and Methods: the study involved 60 children aged 6–7 years old, 22 – girls and 38 – boys, who were engaged in a section of mini-basketball in Sports Children and Youth Olympic school №5 in Dnipropetrovsk during 2013/2014 used the following research methods: theoretical analysis and compilation of scientific and methodical literature and the Internet, the method of analysis of documentary materials, pedagogical supervision, monitoring physical health of rapid assessment Apanasenko (1992, the method of mathematical statistics. Results: there was defined the level of physical health (according to rapid assessment by Apanasenko (1992 of the children aged 6–7 years old before and after the first year of mini-basketball training. Conclusion: the results of our study confirm the experts opinion that nonsufficient level of the physical health of children aged 6–7 years old before going in for sport and insignificant increase in performance after the first year of playing mini-basketball is related not only to the deterioration of environmental and socio-economic conditions of modern society but also to significant deficiencies in the sports training of children of different ages, which no longer meets the requirements of the present time and needs to be improved

  10. The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors, goal orientation, team cohesion, perceived motivational climate ve collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Toros

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the perceived coaching behaviors, the goal orientation, the team cohesion, the perceived motivational climate and the relationship of the collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament. In this research, the young male basketball players who played in the young male basketball teams in 2005-2006 league season and moreover, the ones who took parts in the teams participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. The only 12 teams(144 players of the total 16 teams who participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. In collecting the data, Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire-TEOSQ, Group Environment Questionnaire-GEQ, Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire- PMCSQ and Collective Efficacy Scale-CES were used. The data were calculated with The Analysis of the Descriptive Statistical Techiques, Partial, Part and Pearson Correlation Analysis. Results revealed significant relationship with task orientation and autocratic (r=.195;p<.05 social support (r=.664;p<.05 before the Turkish National Championship. revealed significant relationship with mastery climate and training and instruction (r=.174; p<.05 after the Turkish National Championship. In conclusion; There is a relation between over the course of a season, the pre-tournament and after the tournament.

  11. 青少年篮球运动员踝关节防治措施%The Biological Characteristics Analysis of Young Basketball Athletes Ankle Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许永娟

    2012-01-01

      本文将青少年篮球运动员在运动训练的过程中,容易发生的扭伤情况,尤其是踝关节损伤情况进行分析,并针对篮球技术的动作特点以及踝关节自身的结构特点,提出了一些预防性的措施,希望青少年篮球运动员树立起一种科学的篮球训练和预防方法,以健康的体魄来提高篮球运动的成绩。%  As a set of athletic and entertainment in one of the sports, basketball has the history of a century, and with the continuous improvement of its charm, it gradually becomes a worldwide sport, and has more and more participants. This article presents a youth basketbal athletes in the sports training process, prone to sprain, especial y the ankle injury characteristics of biology, and summed up the mechanism and causes of ankle injury for basketbal skil s action, based on the characteristics and ankle structural characteristics, present some preventive measures to ensure that young basketbal players to establish a scientific basketball training and methods, so as to improve the results of the basketball with a good health.

  12. Design and implementation of basketball game recording system based on .NET%基于.NET的篮球比赛记录系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史文生

    2014-01-01

    The basketball game recording system built with .NET platform can provide the valuable basketball technical and tactical information for user to process data by means of the SQL query language. With the modular design,the system can ensure the consistency and data integrity in the aspect of information query. Basketball game technical and tactical statistics and analysis system based on .NET platform can segment and filter the video frames of non-basketball game by utilizing the H histo-gram clustering,as well as provide a strong basis for basketball tactical analysis provide.%采用.NET平台建立的篮球比赛记录系统,通过SQL查询语言对数据进行处理,向用户输出有价值的篮球技战术信息。利用模块化的设计,使系统在信息查询方面确保了数据的一致性和完整性。.NET平台下的篮球比赛技战术统计与分析系统,可以利用H直方图聚类分割过滤篮球视频中的非比赛帧,对篮球战术分析提供有力依据。

  13. Marginal Micronutrient Intake in High-Performance Male Wheelchair Basketball Players: A Dietary Evaluation and the Effects of Nutritional Advice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grams, Lena; Garrido, Guadalupe; Villacieros, Jorge; Ferro, Amelia

    2016-01-01

    Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years. Current Dietary Reference Intake levels were used to determine the adequacy of intake of seventeen micronutrients of particular interest for athletes. After categorizing the consumed foods into fourteen food groups according to the National Nutrient Database for Standard References (USDA) these groups were used to identify the best predictors of the adequacy of intake for each micronutrient. Total energy intake correlated positively with the adequacy of all micronutrient intake levels, except for vitamins A and E. Five B vitamins and phosphorus, selenium, and iron showed 100% adequacy. All other micronutrient intake levels were found to be inadequate, e.g., vitamin E (51% adequacy) and calcium (73%). The fruit, fish and cereal food groups were found to be predictors of adequate intake of most micronutrients. Together with energy intake (p = .009, η2 = 0.49), the intake of the fruit (p = .032, η2 = 0.39) and egg (p = .036, Kendall's W = 0.42) food groups increased significantly over time, along with improved iodine (p = .008, W = 0.61) and magnesium (p = .030, W = 0.44) adequacy levels. Because the adequacy of micronutrient intake correlates positively with energy intake (R = 0.64, p energy intake. Supplements may be a possible solution if adequate micronutrient intake cannot be achieved through regular dietary intake alone. However, dietary analyses

  14. Marginal Micronutrient Intake in High-Performance Male Wheelchair Basketball Players: A Dietary Evaluation and the Effects of Nutritional Advice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Grams

    Full Text Available Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years. Current Dietary Reference Intake levels were used to determine the adequacy of intake of seventeen micronutrients of particular interest for athletes. After categorizing the consumed foods into fourteen food groups according to the National Nutrient Database for Standard References (USDA these groups were used to identify the best predictors of the adequacy of intake for each micronutrient. Total energy intake correlated positively with the adequacy of all micronutrient intake levels, except for vitamins A and E. Five B vitamins and phosphorus, selenium, and iron showed 100% adequacy. All other micronutrient intake levels were found to be inadequate, e.g., vitamin E (51% adequacy and calcium (73%. The fruit, fish and cereal food groups were found to be predictors of adequate intake of most micronutrients. Together with energy intake (p = .009, η2 = 0.49, the intake of the fruit (p = .032, η2 = 0.39 and egg (p = .036, Kendall's W = 0.42 food groups increased significantly over time, along with improved iodine (p = .008, W = 0.61 and magnesium (p = .030, W = 0.44 adequacy levels. Because the adequacy of micronutrient intake correlates positively with energy intake (R = 0.64, p < .001, a varied diet that includes cereals, fish and fruits is especially important for players with low levels of energy intake. Supplements may be a possible

  15. Marginal Micronutrient Intake in High-Performance Male Wheelchair Basketball Players: A Dietary Evaluation and the Effects of Nutritional Advice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grams, Lena; Garrido, Guadalupe; Villacieros, Jorge; Ferro, Amelia

    2016-01-01

    Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years. Current Dietary Reference Intake levels were used to determine the adequacy of intake of seventeen micronutrients of particular interest for athletes. After categorizing the consumed foods into fourteen food groups according to the National Nutrient Database for Standard References (USDA) these groups were used to identify the best predictors of the adequacy of intake for each micronutrient. Total energy intake correlated positively with the adequacy of all micronutrient intake levels, except for vitamins A and E. Five B vitamins and phosphorus, selenium, and iron showed 100% adequacy. All other micronutrient intake levels were found to be inadequate, e.g., vitamin E (51% adequacy) and calcium (73%). The fruit, fish and cereal food groups were found to be predictors of adequate intake of most micronutrients. Together with energy intake (p = .009, η2 = 0.49), the intake of the fruit (p = .032, η2 = 0.39) and egg (p = .036, Kendall’s W = 0.42) food groups increased significantly over time, along with improved iodine (p = .008, W = 0.61) and magnesium (p = .030, W = 0.44) adequacy levels. Because the adequacy of micronutrient intake correlates positively with energy intake (R = 0.64, p < .001), a varied diet that includes cereals, fish and fruits is especially important for players with low levels of energy intake. Supplements may be a possible solution

  16. 第28届男篮亚锦赛前12名球队攻防能力分析--兼论中国男篮发展方向%Analysis of Offensive and Defensive Ability of 12 Teams in the Twenty-Eighth Men's Basketball Team---And On the Development Direction of Chinese Men's Basketball Team

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何鹏

    2016-01-01

    Using the method of literature data, rank sum ratio ( RSR) and so on, to participate in the Asian men's Basketball Championships in 2015 before the attack and defense ability of the top 12 teams.Research results show that: In the offensive end, Chinese team, Philippines, Iran, Lebanon, South Korea, the RSR value of the offensive between 0.79~0.60, Belong to the B level, which belongs to the relatively strong attack strength of the team; In the defensive end, the Iran performance is excellent, the defensive RSR value is 0.83, belongs to the A level.Compared with the Asian powerhouse , highlighting the body China basketball against the poor, the rebound consciousness is not strong, unfamiliar with tactics and other issues.Suggest the Chinese men's basketball team maintain the current fitness level and at the same time, should further develop basketball special physical stamina and tactics, the correlation of the confrontation and accurate raise content of science and technology of basketball special physical training, broaden the connotation of basketball special physical ability.%运用文献资料法、秩和比综合分析法( RSR法)等,对参加2015年亚洲男子篮球锦标赛的前12名球队的攻防能力进行量化分析。研究结果表明:在进攻端,中国队、菲律宾队、伊朗队、黎巴嫩队、韩国队、约旦队进攻RSR值在0.79~0.60之间,隶属B级水平,属于进攻实力相对强的球队;在防守端,伊朗表现出色,防守RSR值为0.83,隶属A级水平。与亚洲劲旅的对比中,凸显中国男篮身体对抗差、篮板球意识不强、战术配合生疏等问题。建议中国男篮保持当前体能水平的同时,应进一步挖掘篮球专项体能与技战术、对抗和准确之间的关联,提高篮球专项体能训练的科技含量,拓宽篮球专项体能的内涵。

  17. 篮球传切配合的定义与分类方法探议%A Second Exploration of the Connotation and Extension of BasketballGiving and Going

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨继滔

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料法、逻辑学方法,对篮球传切配合的定义与分类进行进一步的探讨,提出了传切配合的最简明的定义和按不同标准划分的方法分类体系。为完善篮球理论和篮球教学、训练提供参考。%By using the method of literature review and logical analysis , this paper makes further analysis on the connotation(definition) and extension (classification) of the concept of giving -and-going in basketball games , and propose a unitary definition of giving -and-going and a classification system from different aspects , which is to enrich basketball theory and provide reference for basketball teaching and practice .

  18. Oligosaccharide and Creatine Supplementation on Glucose and Urea Nitrogen in Blood and Serum Creatine Kinase in Basketball Athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The effects of oligosaccharide and creatine (Cr) supplementation on glucose, lactic acid and urea nitrogen levels in blood and activity of serum creatine kinase (CK) were explored. Twenty CUBA male athletes were divided into 4 groups: group A (supplementation of Cr alone), group B (supplementation of oligosaccharide), group C (supplementation of oligosaccharide and Cr) and group D (placebo control group). By using orthogonal L4 table (23), the experiment was performed. There were factors including oligosaccharide (carbohydrate, CHO), Cr and their correlation. Each factor had two levels: supplementation and no-supplementation. The results showed that the supplementation of CHO or Cr alone, combined supplementation of CHO and Cr could significantly reduce the glucose, urea nitrogen levels in blood and serum CK activity after competition in the athletes. Moreover, the effects of combined supplementation of CHO and Cr were more satisfactory. It was concluded that supplementation of CHO and Cr could promote the recovery of physical performance and athletic abilities after athletics in basketball athletes.

  19. A Method for Using Player Tracking Data in Basketball to Learn Player Skills and Predict Team Performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Skinner

    Full Text Available Player tracking data represents a revolutionary new data source for basketball analysis, in which essentially every aspect of a player's performance is tracked and can be analyzed numerically. We suggest a way by which this data set, when coupled with a network-style model of the offense that relates players' skills to the team's success at running different plays, can be used to automatically learn players' skills and predict the performance of untested 5-man lineups in a way that accounts for the interaction between players' respective skill sets. After developing a general analysis procedure, we present as an example a specific implementation of our method using a simplified network model. While player tracking data is not yet available in the public domain, we evaluate our model using simulated data and show that player skills can be accurately inferred by a simple statistical inference scheme. Finally, we use the model to analyze games from the 2011 playoff series between the Memphis Grizzlies and the Oklahoma City Thunder and we show that, even with a very limited data set, the model can consistently describe a player's interactions with a given lineup based only on his performance with a different lineup.

  20. Wheelchair Propulsion Biomechanics in Junior Basketball Players: A Method for the Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Specific Training Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Bergamini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As participation in wheelchair sports increases, the need of quantitative assessment of biomechanical performance indicators and of sports- and population-specific training protocols has become central. The present study focuses on junior wheelchair basketball and aims at (i proposing a method to identify biomechanical performance indicators of wheelchair propulsion using an instrumented in-field test and (ii developing a training program specific for the considered population and assessing its efficacy using the proposed method. Twelve athletes (10 M, 2 F, age = 17.1 ± 2.7 years, years of practice = 4.5 ± 1.8 equipped with wheelchair- and wrist-mounted inertial sensors performed a 20-metre sprint test. Biomechanical parameters related to propulsion timing, progression force, and coordination were estimated from the measured accelerations and used in a regression model where the time to complete the test was set as dependent variable. Force- and coordination-related parameters accounted for 80% of the dependent variable variance. Based on these results, a training program was designed and administered for three months to six of the athletes (the others acting as control group. The biomechanical indicators proved to be effective in providing additional information about the wheelchair propulsion technique with respect to the final test outcome and demonstrated the efficacy of the developed program.

  1. The Commercialising of British Men’s Basketball: Psychological Contracts Between Coaches and Players in the Post-Bosman Game.

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    Valerie Owen-Pugh

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the psychological contracts of male players and coaches in British commercial basketball, and the ways in which these might be shaped by the constraining and enabling pressures of athletic talent migration. It draws on qualitative interview data to argue that commercialising changes in the game’s recent history have led to the emergence of divergent forms of psychological contract between coaches and players. These have promoted the interests of the game’s migrant Americans at the expense of its indigenous athletes. In particular, while the Americans reap the benefits of a high social reputation, material rewards and career development, many indigenous athletes working in the top-flight clubs struggle to gain remuneration and court-time and must fall back on their own resources to build self-confidence and self-respect. It is argued that this marginalising process was intensified following the Bosman ruling of 1995, which led to the exodus of many skilled indigenous players from the UK and prompted the commercial league to make more extensive use of Americans. Interpretation of the study’s findings is informed by Elias’ theory of established-outsider relations.

  2. Risk factors for patellar tendinopathy in volleyball and basketball players: A survey-based prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vries, A J; van der Worp, H; Diercks, R L; van den Akker-Scheek, I; Zwerver, J

    2015-10-01

    Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common overuse injury of the patellar tendon in jumping athletes. In a recent large cross-sectional study from 2008 several factors were identified that may be associated with the etiology of PT. However, because of the study design no conclusions could be drawn about causal relations. The primary aim of the current study is to investigate whether the factors identified in the previous 2008 study can also be prospectively recognized as predictors of symptomatic PT in 2011. Nine hundred twenty-six Dutch elite and non-elite basketball and volleyball players from the previous study were invited again to complete an online survey about knee complaints and risk factors for PT in 2011. The logistic regression included 385 athletes of which 51 (13%) developed PT since 2008. Male gender [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-3.5] was found to be a risk factor for developing PT. No sports-related variables could be identified to increase the risk of developing PT, but some evidence was found for performing heavy physically demanding work, like being a nurse or a physical education teacher (OR 2.3, 95% CI 0.9-6.3). These findings indicate that, when considering preventive measures, it is important to take into account the total tendon load. PMID:25091500

  3. The Relationship of Practice Exposure and Injury Rate on Game Performance and Season Success in Professional Male Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Caparrós, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Gregory D. Myer, Lluís Capdevila, Kristian Samuelsson, Bruce Hamilton, Gil Rodas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship among game performance, injury rate, and practice exposure in a professional male basketball team. A retroospective analysis of prospective collected data was conducted over seven consecutive seasons (2007/2008 to 2013/2014. Data collection included sports performance during competition (statistical evaluation, injury rate, and total exposure (games and practices. Over the surveillance period, 162 injuries (91 practice; 71 matches occurred over 32,668 hours of exposure (556 games and 2005 practices. There was a strong positive correlation between: 1 exposure (total number of practices and hours of exposure and the total number of injuries (r = 0.77; p = 0.04; 2 exposure (total hours of exposure and total hours of practice exposure and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.77 and p = 0.04, and r = 0.8 and p = 0.03, respectively; and 3 total number of injuries and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.84; p = 0.02. While increasing practice and competition time is related to greater team performance, it also increases the number of injuries. However, higher injury rates were not associated with worse overall team performance. Efforts to reduce high-risk activity during practice, optimally replaced with injury prevention training, might help to reduce injury risk.

  4. Self-efficacy, physical competence and self-esteem in basketball participants with and without physical disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothetical hierarchical relationship between self-efficacy, physical self and global self-esteem, in groups with and without physical disability as well as gender and condition between groups. A second purpose was to assess the influence of independent variables, such as time and frequency of sport involvement, on self-efficacy, physical competence and global self-esteem for each of the groups studied. Participants were 193 basketball players, 59 male athletes with disability (mean age 32.80 ± 11.64, 80 male athletes without disability (mean age 21.48 ± 4.69, and 54 female athletes without disability (mean age 22.91 ± 3.11, all participating in Portuguese national competitions. Results showed evidence of a hierarchical organization among self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions and global self-esteem. Physical self-worth was also confirmed as a mediator between self-perceptions at the base of the model and feelings in the apex, i.e., between physical self-perceptions and global self-esteem. However, this relationship was found to be a negative one. Strong perceptions of self-efficacy and physical competence seem to generate weaker global feelings of self-confidence and personal satisfaction in everyday life contexts.

  5. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players: Multi-direction vs. One-Change of Direction (Part 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padulo, Johnny; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T.; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Attene, Giuseppe; Pizzolato, Fabio; Dal Pupo, Juliano; Zagatto, Alessandro M.; Oggianu, Marcello; Migliaccio, Gian M.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability of a novel multi-direction repeated sprint ability (RSA) test [RSM; 10 × (6 × 5-m)] compared with a RSA with one change of direction [10 × (2 × 15-m)], and the relationship of the RSM and RSA with Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) and jump performances [squat jump (SJ) and counter-movement-jump (CMJ)]. Thirty-six (male, n = 14, female n = 22) young basketball players (age 16.0 ± 0.9 yrs) performed the RSM, RSA, Yo-Yo IR1, SJ, and CMJ, and were re-tested only for RSM and RSA after 1 week. The absolute error of reliability (standard error of the measurement) was lower than 0.212 and 0.617-s for the time variables of the RSA and RSM test, respectively. Performance in the RSA and RSM test significantly correlated with CMJ and SJ. The best time, worst time, and total time of the RSA and RSM test were negatively correlated with Yo-Yo IR1 distance. Based on these findings, consistent with previously published studies, it was concluded that the novel RSM test was valid and reliable. PMID:27148072

  6. 从第二十六届男篮亚锦赛解析中国男篮的现状及对策研究%Analysis of Current Condition and Countermeasures of Chinese Men's Basketball Team from the 26th Asian Basketball Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利坤; 朱文平

    2012-01-01

    采用文献资料法、数理统计法、录相观察法、分析比较法解析第26届亚洲男篮锦标赛中国男篮现状,分析其优势与不足之处,并为中国男篮备战伦敦奥运会提出一些对策。%Using the methods of literature study,mathematical statistic,video study and comparative analysis,the paper analyzes the Chinese team's current condition in The 26th Asian Basketball Championships.The results show that there are several advantages and shortcomings.Finally this paper provides some countermeasures to prepare the London Olympic Games of Chinese Men's Basketball Team.

  7. Study on Problems of the Present Situations and the Regulations of Basketball Market in China%我国篮球市场现状及监管中存在的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒同

    2012-01-01

    The article analyses the strengthening of our professional basketball market regulation to form a good market order and eliminate of the market behavior nonstandard,and establish a good morals and mechanisms,reduce market information asymmetry which are need to improve our professional basketball market regulation's contents and ways of the suggestions and countermeasures.It has been shown that the professional basketball markets and the implementation effects are not good.In the first place,we should improve the thinking and understanding of the professional basketball market regulation;secondly,enforce the basketball market construction by law with the relevant departments;thirdly,draft many comprehensive and detailed regulatory policies and systems in Chinese professional basketball market.%文章分析了加强我国职业篮球市场监管对形成良好的市场秩序、剔除不规范的市场行为、建立优良的道德和信誉机制、减少市场交易中信息非对称现象的必要性,提出了完善我国职业篮球市场监管内容和途径的建议和对策。研究结果表明:目前我国职业篮球市场监管架构和实施效果不高,对此一要提高职业篮球市场监管必要性的思想认识;二要协调相关部门对篮球市场建设的从严执法;三要制定全面、详细的我国职业篮球市场监管政策、法规体系。

  8. L'image du basket-ball dans la presse sportive française (1898-1940). L'exemple de "L'auto" : d'un jeu méconnu à un sport d'envergure

    OpenAIRE

    Monier, Brice

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on a corpus of several thousand articles of basketball which are excerpted from the newspaper L'Auto, dominating the market for the sports press on the whole study périod. The first time point is the early appearance in the game the leaves of a french newspaper. The year 1898 marks the birth of basketball in the press when several titles, including La Vie au grand air, coarsely describe some of its caracteristics.The purpose of the study is the analysis of the definitio...

  9. La inclusión de la línea de tres puntos en minibasket. (Three-point line’s inclusion in mini-basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Alonso Roque

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El reglamento de Minibasket no ha sufrido modificaciones significativas desde sus inicios. Para la temporada 2005/2006 la Federación Española de Baloncesto propuso unas modificaciones al reglamento, de las cuales destaca una línea de tres puntos con forma rectangular. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la bibliografía con respecto a las modificaciones reglamentarias y a la línea de tres puntos en Minibasket, desde un enfoque formativo para el jugador. Las reglas de los deportes de iniciación y en concreto de Minibasket deben responder a las demandas de los sujetos, sus necesidades y motivaciones con el fin de lograr un aprendizaje óptimo. En este sentido, tras revisar la bibliografía, no se encuentran estudios científicos que se centren en analizar la inclusión de la línea de tres puntos, ni que analicen la posición y distancia a la que se debe situar dicha línea para mejorar el juego en Minibasket. Sin embargo, la inclusión de la línea de tres puntos, en las competiciones de las cuales se ha encontrado referencias, fue todo un éxito. Por lo que son necesarias investigaciones que ayuden a esclarecer las limitaciones que existen a la hora de proponer una línea de tres puntos, adaptada a las necesidades formativas y a las características de los jugadores de Minibasket, para favorecer el lanzamiento y obtener éxito desde posiciones alejadas. Abstract Mini-basketball rules do not have been changed in a significant way regarding the original idea. For the season 2005-2006, the Spanish Federation of Basketball proposed some changes in its rules, from which a rectangular three-point line stands out. The aim of this study was to examine the bibliography with respect to the rule modifications and to the three-point line in Mini-basketball from a formative point of view. In sport initiation and in Mini-basketball, rules must improve the skill efficiency, performance, enjoyment and satisfaction to the learners. After review

  10. EFFECTS OF A BASKETBALL ACTIVITY ON LUNG CAPILLARY BLOOD VOLUME AND MEMBRANE DIFFUSING CAPACITY, MEASURED BY NO/CO TRANSFER IN CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rim Dridi

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In both children and adults, acute exercise increases lung capillary blood volume (Vc and membrane factor (DmCO. We sought to determine whether basketball training affected this adaptation to exercise in children. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two years sport activity on the components of pulmonary gas transfer in children. Over a 2-yr period, we retested 60 nine year old boys who were initially separated in two groups: 30 basketball players (P (9.0 ± 1.0 yrs; 35.0 ± 5.2 kg; 1.43 ± 0.05 m, and matched non players controls (C (8.9 ± 1.0 yrs; 35.0 ± 6.0 kg; 1.44 ± 0.06 m who did not perform any extracurricular activity, Vc and DmCO were measured by the NO/CO transfer method at rest and during sub-maximal exercise. Maximal aerobic power and peak power output was 12% higher in the trained group compared to matched controls (p < 0.05. Nitric oxide lung transfer (TLNO per unit lung volume and thus, DmCO per unit of lung volume (VA were higher at rest and during exercise in the group which had undergone regular basketball activity compared to matched controls (p < 0.05. Neither lung capillary blood volume nor total lung transfer for carbon monoxide (TLCO were significantly different between groups. These results suggest that active sport can alter the properties of the lung alveolo-capillary membrane by improving alveolar membrane conductance in children

  11. Offense direction changes made by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in recent three world basketball games%近三次篮球世界大赛我国男篮进攻方式的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利超

    2015-01-01

    为总结中国男篮近几次国际大赛进攻方式的变化,找出成绩逐年下滑原因,采用最新奥特喜马拉雅非线性编辑软件将中国男篮29、30届奥运会及16届世锦赛所有比赛录像进行片段分割,对中国队每一次进攻进行分析并按进攻方式统计数据,再进行数据整理、解析.得出结论,3次大赛中国队内外线进攻方式存在较大变化,自2008年奥运会后内线缺乏有力支撑点及牵制力.虽然易建联在16届世锦赛和30届奥运会都有不错的表现,但内线抢位身体对抗能力有限及打法单一,很难起到牵制对手作用.教练邓华德有意加强外线队员突破进攻,但效果有限.内外线队员单打过多,在对手凶悍防守面前命中率较低并缺乏整体配合意识,中国队内外线缺少稳定得分点.%In order to summarize offense direction changes made by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in recent three international games, so as to find out the reasons for its continuous performance decline year by year, the au-thor, by using the latest OTT Himalaya nonlinear editing software, carried out segment division on the videos of all the games played by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in the 29th and 30th Olympic Games and the 16th World Championships, analyzed each offense executed by team China and gathered the data according to the way of of-fense, then collated and analyzed the data, and drew the following conclusions: team China had big changes in the way of inside and outside offense in these three games, had lacked powerful inside support and containment since the Olympic Games 2008; although YI Jian-liang had good performance in the 16th World Championships and the 30th Olympic Games, but his body contesting ability for inside position competition was limited and his moves were undiversified, so it was very difficult for him to play a role in containing the opponent; coach Donewald had in-tended to strengthen outside players' breakthrough

  12. 中专篮球教学中如何培养学生的情商%How to Cultivate the Students' EQ Basketball Teaching in Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文亮

    2013-01-01

    篮球是中专学生最喜爱的一项体育运动,作为一名体育老师,要以社会对人的需要为培养方向。篮球运动是一种综合性运动项目,可以从中对学生进行情商的培养,进而提升他们的竞争力与综合素质。本文通过分析和研究,首先分析了目前学生情商的教育现状,然后从在篮球教学中培养学生情商的原则出发,重点对培养学生的竞争和合作精神、自发自动能力、人际交流能力以及心理情绪的管理等几个方面进行探讨。通过在篮球教学中培养学生的情商,促进中专学生的身心健康发展。%A sport of basketball as a secondary school students favorite,as a physical education teacher,but also to the society's need for people to the direction of training,basketball is a comprehensive sports project,can cultivate EQ of students from,and enhance their competitive ability and comprehensive quality,in this paper,through the analysis and study,the first analysis of the current situation of the students' EQ education,and then starting from the cultivation of students' emotional intelligence in basketball teaching principle,focus on cultivating students' competition and cooperation spirit,some spontaneous automatic ability,interpersonal communication ability and the psychological and emotional management and other aspects. Students through the cultivation of EQ in basketball teaching,promote the development of physical and mental health of College students.

  13. 从第16届男篮世锦赛看现代男子篮球运动发展的新趋势%A new trend of development of modern men’s basketball viewed from the perspective of the 16th FIBA World Men’s Basketball Championships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫艺; 徐卫东

    2012-01-01

      对第16届世界男子篮球锦标赛的比赛过程和结果进行研究,认为:目前世界男子篮球竞争格局已经形成欧美传统强队衰落,美国和欧洲新势力崛起的局面;欧洲篮球占有主导性地位,美国篮球与欧洲篮球相互融合;攻击性防守盛行,身体对抗成为比赛的主旋律;速度更快、攻守日趋平衡,身高优势不再成为各队的绝对优势;双控卫战术成为各队执行战术的新变化;传统中锋稀缺,影子中锋(大前锋)发挥越来越重要的作用%  The authors studied the competition processes and results of the 16th World Men’s Basketball Champion-ships, and put forward the following opinions: the situation of competition in world men’s basketball has developed into such a situation as that traditional European and American top teams are declining while new forces from the United States and Europe are rising; European basketball has a dominating position, while US basketball and Euro-pean basketball are mutually blending; offensive defense is prevailing, while body contest becomes the theme of competitions; speed becomes faster, offense and defense become ever increasingly balanced, height advantage no longer becomes an absolute advantage of various teams; double point guard tactic becomes a new change in tactic execution by various teams; traditional centers are rare, shadow centers (power forwards) play a more and more important role.

  14. Comparative Analysis of Plyometric Training Program and Dynamic Stretching on Vertical Jump and Agility in Male Collegiate Basketball Player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Shaji

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to compare, analyze the individual and combined effect of plyometric training program and dynamic stretching on vertical jump and agility. The subjects included 45, healthy male collegiate basketball players between the ages of 18-25. All subjects were tested in the vertical jump and agility using the Sergeant Jump test and T-test respectively prior to starting the dynamic stretching and plyometric training program. The subjects then completed a four week plyometric training program and were retested. Univariate ANOVA was conducted to analyze the change scores (post – pre in the independent variables by group (plyometric, dynamic stretching and combined with pre scores as covariates. The Univariate ANOVA revealed a significant group effect for Sergeant Jump test F = 12.95, P = 0.000 for Dynamic stretching group, F = 12.55, P = 0.000 for Plyometric training group and F = 15.11, P = 0.000 for combined group. The combined group reveled, maximum increase in the height when compared with the pretest scores. For the T-Test agility scores a significant group effect was found F = 2.00, P = 0.043 for Plyometric training group, F = 9.14, P = 0.000 for combined group while dynamic stretching group F = 2.11, P = 0.088 reveled non significant results. The findings suggested that two days of plyometric training a week in combination with dynamic stretching for four weeks is sufficient enough to show improvements in vertical jump height and agility. The results also suggest that two days of plyometric training and dynamic stretching are equally effective in improving vertical jump height. In contrast dynamic stretching two days a week for four weeks was not sufficient enough to show improvements in agility while plyometric training was sufficient.

  15. 篮球裁判初学者心理压力的成因与对策研究%Causes and countermeasures of psychological pressure on basketball referee beginners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周曦

    2011-01-01

    The rapid development of modern basketball has brought changes and modifications to the basic technical and tactical proficiency and use of the basketball rules.The basketball competition is getting intense with each passing day and the requirements are also getting higher and higher.This paper explores the psychological stress,the mental and behavioral influence on the basketball referee beginners,and then puts forward the countermeasures for the beginners to conduct the normal level of executing the rules.%现代篮球运动的快速发展,各项基本技术和战术的熟练掌握与运用,篮球规则的变化与修改,使篮球比赛日趋激烈,对裁判员的要求也越来越高.文章对篮球裁判初学者心理压力的产生和心理行为的影响进行探讨、研究,提出对策,为裁判员初学者能够正常发挥执裁水平提供依据.

  16. Analysis on Development Path of Chinese Professional Basketball League Based on the Field Theory%基于“场域理论”视角下的CBA联赛的发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of ‘Field -Habitus’,this paper analyzes the Chinese professional basketball league believe that CBA is a big field,and from the economic field,the power field,competition and others to an-alyze the CBA field;Then,the Chinese professional basketball field main include three kind of habitus:talented person,team and the class habitus three aspects.Finally,the author puts forward five development paths for the Chinese professional basketball league.The main purpose is to provide reference for the development of Chinese Professional Basketball League.%借助“场域”理论对我国CBA联赛的现状进行分析认为,我国CBA联赛是一个大的场域;从经济场域、权力场域和竞争三个方面对CBA场域进行了分析;并对我国CBA场域的三大惯习:人才惯习、团队惯习和阶级惯习进行了分析。最后提出了有针对性的建议,旨在为我国职业篮球的发展提供借鉴和参考。

  17. 第17届仁川亚运会中国男篮实力之分析%Strength Analysis of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in the 17th Incheon Asian Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张威; 邵俭; 刘大年; 刘宁宁

    2015-01-01

    本文采用文献资料、录像解析与统计、数据库构建等综合性研究方法,对中国男篮在第17届仁川亚运会以及参赛队伍在比赛中获得的客观指标进行数据处理与比较,分析中国男篮在比赛中的表现,论证中国男篮与亚洲强队之间的差距,为中国男篮提供一定的数据基础。%With comprehensive research methods of literature,video analysis and statistics and database building, the paper conducts data processing and comparison of the objective index of Chinese Men’s Basketball team and other participating teams in the 17th Incheon Asian Games in competitions.By analyzing the performance of Chinese Men’s Basketball,the paper demonstrates the gap between Chinese Men's Basketball team and Asian powerful teams to provide certain data base for Chinese Men's Basketball team.

  18. A Study on the Causes of Basketball Harm on Ankle Joint and Its Prevention%篮球运动对人体踝关节损伤的原因及预防的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓峰

    2012-01-01

      篮球运动作为高校体育教育专业的主干课程之一,在体育教育专业课程体系中占有重要地位。通过对我院篮球普修课上人体易伤部位的踝关节进行了调查分析的探究,试找出损伤原因。最大限度地减少和避免篮球普修课上篮球运动中损伤的发生,为今后的教学、训练和体育锻炼提供科学的理论依据。%  Basketball as one of the main course of physical education plays an important role in the physical education curriculum system. Through the easy parts of the ankle injury hospital basketball general course on human investigation and analysis to explore, to try to find out the cause of the injury. Minimize and avoid the occurrence of general basketball course of injury in basketball, and provide scientific and theoretical basis of teaching, training and sports training.

  19. Exploration and Practice for Reform in Theory Course of Basketball%篮球专项理论课改革的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张继池; 夏春; 傅企明; 张宏杰; 陈广兴; 赵成

    2001-01-01

    By experiments and investigation through questionnaire, the authors experimentally explore the theory course of basketball, and through the comparative analysis on examination performance and teaching results, they find that the theory course of basketball may be taught in separate sections, such as techniques, tactics, rules and officiating, competition organizations, and other knowledge. This kind of teaching arrangement is better than the traditional teaching method.%采用实验法、问卷调查法等研究方法,对篮球专项理论课进行实验性探索。结果表明,从考试成绩及教学效果的对比分析看,篮球专项理论课按技术、战术、规则裁判法与竞赛组织、其它知识等不同“板块”授课,优于传统教学法。

  20. Ways of How to Develop Teamwork on the Basketball Training Class in College%高校篮球教学中团队精神的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪震

    2012-01-01

    篮球是高校普及最广的一项体育运动项目,本文通过对篮球团队精神的概念、意义以及作用阐释和分析,提出在篮球教学中,应加强渗透团队精神与合作能力培养,并针对当前教学状况提出培养团队精神的有效途径。通过篮球教学训练改革,让大学生形成一种寓竞争与协作于一体,凝聚力、战斗力不断提高、素质全面优良的团结协作的团队精神,为社会培养具有团队精神和合作能力的人才。%Basketball is one of the most popular sport in college, this paper will explain and analyze both the conception and the meaning of teamwork in basketball, advise the teacher pay attention to developing student's teamwork, and suggest some methods of how to cultivate teamwork By means of reformation on basketball training, college students will be fashioned into the person with ability roundly.

  1. The Influence of Self Regulated and Traditional Learning Model on the Development of Students’ Cognitive Process and Sport Enjoyment in Basketball Learning Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Budiana

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the critical issues in physical education is creating a fun physical education which can develop students’ cognition without ignoring the mastery of basic technique through the implementation of a learning model. To overcome the critical issue, an experiment using self regulation and traditional learning models have been applied to 60 junior high school students using randomized pretest-posttest control group design. The instruments used are questionnaire of cognition process development and sport enjoyment of which the validity and reliability have been tested. Based on the data analysis, results showed that there is an influence between the learning model and the development of cognition and sport enjoyment in basketball game learning; however, self regulation learning model gives more significant influence compared to that of traditional learning model. This model is recommended to be used by physical education teachers in junior high school. This model can be an alternative of innovation to the learning process of physical education because it is proven to significantly influence students’ cognitive development and sport enjoyment in basketball learning process.

  2. 我国优秀男篮运动员人才梯次特征分析%Features of Chinese Elite Basketball Players and its Echelon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成胜; 王守恒

    2014-01-01

    With adoption of literature study,mathematical statistics,comparative analysis,video analysis and logic study, this paper expatiated on the data gained from basketball matches at the 12th National Games in order to analyze features of the Chinese elite basketball players and its echelon.%采用文献资料法、数理统计法、对比分析法、录像解析法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,对我国男篮队员在第十二届全运会男篮比赛中获得的客观数据进行了比较处理,论证了我国男篮队员在全运会中的实力与表现,对我国男篮现状和优秀男篮运动员人才梯次特征进行了分析,提出了相关建议。

  3. Rehabilitation and Return to Sport Following Surgical Repair of the Rectus Abdominis and Adductor Longus in a Professional Basketball Player: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Steven M; Anloague, Philip A; Strack, Donald S

    2016-08-01

    Study Design Case report. Background Acute traumatic avulsion of the rectus abdominis and adductor longus is rare. Chronic groin injuries, often falling under the athletic pubalgia spectrum, have been reported to be more common. There is limited evidence detailing the comprehensive rehabilitation and return to sport of an athlete following surgical or conservative treatment of avulsion injuries of the pubis or other sports-related groin pathologies. Case Description A 29-year-old National Basketball Association player sustained a contact injury during a professional basketball game. This case report describes a unique clinical situation specific to professional sport, in which a surgical repair of an avulsed rectus abdominis and adductor longus was combined with a multimodal impairment- and outcomes-based rehabilitation program. Outcomes The patient returned to in-season competition at 5 weeks postoperation. Objective measures were tracked throughout rehabilitation and compared to baseline assessments. Measures such as the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score and numeric pain-rating scale revealed progress beyond the minimal important difference. Discussion This case report details the clinical reasoning and evidence-informed interventions involved in the return to elite sport. Detailed programming and objective assessment may assist in achieving desired outcomes ahead of previously established timelines. Level of Evidence Therapy, level 4. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(8):697-706. Epub 3 Jul 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6352. PMID:27374014

  4. NBA 篮球比赛中战术心理的运用研究%Research on the Use of Psychological Tactics in NBA Basketball Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄隽; 刘讯

    2014-01-01

    研究以NBA篮球比赛录像为主要研究对象,运用文献资料法、录像分析法、访谈法等手段辅助研究,对NBA篮球比赛中教练员、核心球员和非核心球员运用战术心理的状况进行分析。发现在比赛中,不管是教练员、核心球员还是非核心球员,有效地运用战术心理手段对取得比赛胜利、完成比赛任务具有非常重要的作用。%With NBA basketball video as the main study object ,the paper analyses the using state of psychological tactics of the coaches ,the core players ,and non-core players in NBA basketball games by research means of literature ,video analysis ,inter-views ,etc .It is found that in the game ,regardless of the coach ,the core players or non-core players ,effective use of tactical psychological means plays an important role in the game .

  5. Strengthen the Capacity of Young Basketball Backplayers%加强青少年篮球运动员的后卫能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宇民

    2011-01-01

    后卫是篮球运动中贯彻执行战略方案,鼓舞斗志,团结全队去夺取胜利必不可少的组织者和指挥者,是一个球队的核心,是教练的助手,对整个队伍具有举足轻重的作用,培养一支有能力称职的核心后卫是一支球队建设的重要组成部分。认为核心后卫的培养应从以下方面着手:做好篮球组织后卫饿选材工作;技术训练培养;战术能力培养;体能训练;心理训练等。%The guard is basketball implement strategic programs,encouraged by the morale,team unity is essential to the victory of the organizers and directors,is the core of a team,the coach's assistant,the entire team has a pivotal role to develop a capable defender is a competent core of an important part of team building.That core training should be back the following aspects: good basketball point guard hungry selection work;technical training culture;tactical capacity-building;physical training;psychological training.

  6. 沈阳市部分高校课内外篮球活动调查研究%The investigation of basketball activities inside and outside courses in some universities in shenyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左琦

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等方法,以沈阳市5所普通高校的2 000名非体育教育专业的大学生和50位体育教师作为调查对象,对沈阳市高校篮球课与课外篮球活动开展情况做了重点调查与研究.得出以下结论:(1)目前沈阳市大部分篮球教师的篮球课教学目标、教学思想基本符合大学生的实际要求;(2)沈阳市高校大学生与教师对篮球课教学内容的选择与安排还存在一定不足,需进一步完善;(3)沈阳市高校教师对篮球课的考核存在着不足,教师太重视学生技术,而忽略了学生的个体差异,不能对学生做出正确的评价;(4)根据调查,各高校对篮球课和课外篮球活动的投入还不能满足需要,其中最主要的问题是场地器材不足,制约了课内外篮球活动更广泛地在大学校园内的开展;(5)沈阳市高校课外篮球活动以学生自发形式进行,无兴趣和没有同伴是影响课外篮球活动的主要因素.%By means of materials collection, questionnaire, interviews and mathematical--statistics, this paper makes a research and analysis on the basketball lessons and extracurricular basketball activities of the college students. The paper is based on 2000 non--physical education major students and 50 physical education teachers in 5 common colleges of Shenyang. The following conclusions are reached: (1) the majority of basketball teachers' teaching thinking is in line with the actual requirements of the college students of Shenyang at present; (2) the teaching content of the college basketball selection and arrangement in Shenyang is not sufficient, and needs further improvement; (3) the teachers' assessment of basketball teaching in Shenyang colleges and universities is not enough. Teachers pay much attention to the student technology, while ignore the students' individual differences, so they can not make the right evaluation of

  7. Psychology Analysis of Affect the Free- throw Line in the Basketball Match%影响篮球比赛罚球命中率的心理因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锋

    2012-01-01

    现代篮球比赛竞争日趋激烈,以罚球来决定胜负的比赛越来越多。高水平的比赛中,心理素质往往起着比技术更重要的决定性作用,如何提高罚球命中率是运动员和教练员面临的一个重要课题。本文通过对2011—2012赛季中国职业篮球联赛、山东师范大学篮球联赛和齐鲁师范学院篮球联赛的调查研究,从情绪、注意、压力等方面对篮球罚球命中率的影响进行了论述。%There is increasingly fierce competition in modem basketball match, and the foul line which decide the outcome of the game is more and more. In a critical moment, psychological quality often play a more important role than technology. How to improve the free - throw line in athletes and coaches is an important problem in front of. This article through to the 2011 -2012season Chinese occupation basketball league, Shandong Normal University Basketball League and Qilu Normal University Basketball League investigation and stud- y, from emotion, attention, stress and so on basketball free-throw percentage discusses the influence.

  8. Comparison Between 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test and Multistage Field Test on Physiological Responses in Wheelchair Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissland, Thierry; Faupin, Arnaud; Borel, Benoit; Leprêtre, Pierre-Marie

    2015-01-01

    The intermittent nature of wheelchair court sports suggests using a similar protocol to assess repeated shuttles and recovery abilities. This study aimed to compare performances, physiological responses and perceived rating exertion obtained from the continuous multistage field test (MFT) and the 30-15 intermittent field test (30-15IFT). Eighteen trained wheelchair basketball players (WBP) (WBP: 32.0 ± 5.7 y, IWBF classification: 2.9 ± 1.1 points) performed both incremental field tests in randomized order. Time to exhaustion, maximal rolling velocity (MRV), VO2peak and the peak values of minute ventilation (VEpeak), respiratory frequency (RF) and heart rate (HRpeak) were measured throughout both tests; peak and net blood lactate (Δ[Lact−] = peak–rest values) and perceived rating exertion (RPE) values at the end of each exercise. No significant difference in VO2peak, VEpeak, and RF was found between both tests. 30-15IFT was shorter (12.4 ± 2.4 vs. 14.9 ± 5.1 min, P < 0.05) but induced higher values of MRV and Δ[Lact−] compared to MFT (14.2 ± 1.8 vs. 11.1 ± 1.9 km·h−1 and 8.3 ± 4.2 vs. 6.9 ± 3.3 mmol·L−1, P < 0.05). However, HRpeak and RPE values were higher during MFT than 30-15IFT(172.8 ± 14.0 vs. 166.8 ± 13.8 bpm and 15.3 ± 3.8 vs.13.8 ± 3.5, respectively, P < 0.05). The intermittent shuttles intercepted with rest period occurred during the 30-15IFT could explain a greater anaerobic solicitation. The higher HR and overall RPE values measured at the end of MFT could be explained by its longer duration and a continuous load stress compared to 30-15IFT. In conclusion, 30-15IFT has some advantages over MFT for assess in addition physical fitness and technical performance in WBP. PMID:26733875

  9. The effect of mobbing behaviors on burnout of women’s basketball playersMobbing davranışlarının kadın basketbolcuların tükenmişliği üzerine etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Türkan Karık; Süleyman Murat Yıldız

    2015-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to examine the effect of mobbing behaviors on the occupational burnout of women’s basketball players. The research mainly looked into the effects of different dimensions of mobbing, namely as person-related mobbing, work-related mobbing and physically intimidating mobbing, on the emergence of emotional/physical exhaustion and devaluation as well as reduced sense of accomplishment among women’s basketball players.  The study used the NAQ-F (Negative Act...

  10. The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors, goal orientation, team cohesion, perceived motivational climate ve collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Toros

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This paper aims to examine the perceived coaching behaviors, the goal orientation, the team cohesion, the perceived motivational climate and the relationship of the collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament. In this research, the young male basketball players who played in the young male basketball teams in 2005-2006 league season and moreover, the ones who took parts in the teams participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. The only 12 teams(144 players of the total 16 teams who participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. In collecting the data, Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire-TEOSQ, Group Environment Questionnaire-GEQ, Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire- PMCSQ and Collective Efficacy Scale-CES were used. The data were calculated with The Analysis of the Descriptive Statistical Techiques, Partial, Part and Pearson Correlation Analysis. Results revealed significant relationship with task orientation and autocratic (r=.195;p<.05 social support (r=.664;p<.05 before the Turkish National Championship. revealed significant relationship with mastery climate and training

  11. Study on Influencing Mechanism of University Basketball Team Cohesion%大学生篮球队凝聚力影响机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范影影; 陈开梅; 孙培全

    2015-01-01

    目的:团队凝聚力的影响因素是多样的、复杂的,为了探讨团队凝聚力的后件变量的贡献度。方法:采用相关分析和多元线性回归分析对参加2014年空军勤务学院的篮球选修课的100名在校大学生进行分析。结果:(1)大学生篮球队凝聚力的认同度为:群体任务吸引、群体任务一致性、群体社交吸引和群体社交一致性;大学生篮球队凝聚力的影响因素的认同度为:教练员的素质、运动员个性特征、人际关系、运动队内部特征和外界激励。(2)教练员素质因素解释量为42.8%、运动员个性特征20.2%、人际关系10.3%、运动队内部特征8.4%、外界激励6.2%。结论:大学生篮球队凝聚力的养成和培养不仅受到主观因素的制约,还要受到客观因素的制约。%As factors influencing team cohesion are various and complex,the paper is intended to explore to what degree does the variants contribute to team cohesion.The study is carried out by adopting correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression analysis to analyze 100 college students in basketball selective course in 2014 of Air Force Logistics College.The results are identification of the university basketball team cohesion includes group task attraction,group task consistency,group social communication attraction and group social communication consistency;influencing factors of identification of university basketball team cohesion are:coaches’quality, athletes’personal character,interpersonal relationship,internal characteristics and external stimulus of sports team;explained quantity of the four are 42.8%,20.2%,10.3%,8.4% and 6.2% respectively.The paper concludes that the forming and cultivation of university basketball team cohesion are restricted not only by subjective factors,but also by objective factors.

  12. 我国篮球后备人才培养发展对策研究%Research on Strategies for the Cultivation of Chinese Basketball Reserve Talents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘守旺

    2015-01-01

    研究认为,2014年中国男篮亚运赛场的表现,在技术运用、身体对抗、心理抗压、自我调节以及阅读掌控比赛等能力上,与优秀篮球运动员存在明显差距,反映出我国篮球后备人才培养存在的问题。分析了问题产生的根源,提出了篮球后备人才培养发展的如下对策:推进体教结合,提升基层教练员的知识和能力结构;严格青训制度的管理、指导与监督,实现青少年各级联赛常态化;完善后备人才流动机制,为后备人才成长提供更多历练平台。%According to the performance of the Chinese Men’s Team in the Asian Games,this paper reveals the deficiencies of the Chinese basketball players in terms of application of strategies,physical confrontation,stress endurance,self -adjustment and overall control of the game compared with outstanding ones in other Asian coun-tries.The paper analyses the causes of the problems mentioned above and demonstrates such countermeasures for the cultivation of basketball reserve talents as combining physical training with knowledge teaching,improving the knowledge and skills of coaches,strengthening regulation,guidance and supervision of teenager trainings,regulari-zing league matches for teenager players at all levels,perfecting the mechanism of reserve talents mobility and pro-viding more platforms for them.

  13. Development of Expertise in Spanish Elite Basketball Coaches.(El desarrollo de la pericia en los entrenadores españoles expertos en baloncesto.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Jiménez Sáiz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe present study was designed to address two issues: first, to identify the different development stages that eight expert Spanish basketball coaches go through; and second, to determine the possible factors that have contributed to the formative or training, process of the expert coach. Qualitative data were gathered in semi-structured interviews. The coaches worked with the men’s first Spanish Basketball League (“ACB” league or the Spanish national selection. Our findings reveal four stages in the coach development process. These stages were the consequence mainly of a gradual progression in thinking and reflective practice that enabled the coach to optimize the necessary skills for high performance. In addition, all the coaches interviewed reflected an intense dedication and commitment over many years to their work, as well as an ongoing quest for improvement.ResumenEl presente estudio fue diseñado para hacer frente a dos cuestiones: en primer lugar, identificar las diferentes etapas formativas de ocho entrenadores expertos en baloncesto, y en segundo lugar, determinar los posibles factores que han contribuido a la formación del entrenador experto. La metodología utilizada es la cualitativa y la técnica de recogida de datos fue la entrevista semiestructurada. Los entrenadores entrevistados pertenecían a la liga ACB o a la selección nacional española. Nuestros resultados ponen de manifiesto cuatro etapas en el desarrollo de su pericia. Estas etapas son consecuencia principalmente de un desarrollo de su conocimiento, así como de una profunda reflexión práctica que permitió al entrenador optimizar las habilidades necesarias para trabajar en el alto rendimiento. Además, todos los entrenadores reflejan una intensa dedicación y compromiso durante muchos años hacia su trabajo, así como una búsqueda constante por mejorar.

  14. 橄榄球竞赛规则在大学篮球教学中的运用%Rugby Style Competition Method in College Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋启飞

    2015-01-01

    结合大学篮球教学实际,将橄榄球运动的一些技术动作和竞赛规则运用在篮球教学中,设计了“橄榄球式”大学篮球竞赛教学法。从“以人为本,全面发展”的大学体育教育理念角度,制定了竞赛规则与要求,分析了教学设计的思想,阐述了教学实施的过程。旨在为促进大学体育教育改革、提高大学体育课堂教学质量、发挥大学体育教育的应然功能提供借鉴。%By means of literature study and training practice , to meet requirement of college physical educa-tion, and combined with realistic situation of college physical education , this paper proposes a rugby style competi-tion training method for college basketball , an integration of the characteristics of basketball and rugby .The rules and requirements of rugby style competition are stipulated in line with the physical education principle of “human o-rientation and comprehensive development”.The fundamentals of pedagogical design the procedures of teaching practice are also discussed .The objective is to provide reference for facilitating the reform of college physical edu-cation, improving the teaching effectiveness and realizing the expected functions of college physical education .

  15. 论篮球运动中团队意志品质的培养%On the Cultivation of Teamwork Spirit in Basketball Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鹏

    2016-01-01

    After entering the new century, basketball has become a sport paying more attention to teamwork spirit, as one player's ability is limited and only through cooperation can the whole team win a game. With mutual trust, understanding, encouragement and learning based on close cooperation, a positive and powerful basketball team will form and make progress continuously. Therefore, not only is the cultivation of each team member's quality important, but the cultivation of teamwork spirit should also be attached to much importance.%进入到21世纪的篮球运动是一项更为注重团队性的运动。然而,一个人的力量是有限的,而篮球是一个团队运动项目,必须通过配合才能达到目的。一根筷子易折断,十根筷子不易断就说明了这样一个道理。团队的队员之间只有相互信任、相互配合、相互理解、相互鼓励、相互知道、相互学习,才能建设一支具有凝聚力、向上力、战斗力和实力的球队,只有这样,团队才会不断进步、不断发展、不断壮大。因此对于篮球意志品质的培养不单是要培养运动员自身的素质,更是要注重篮球队的团队性的培养。

  16. Discussion on Training of Jump Shot Technique in Basketball%浅析篮球运动中跳投技术的训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈泉平

    2011-01-01

    在当今篮球技战术迅猛发展的时代,篮球运动比赛中跳投技术越来越受人们的关注,跳投不仅是比赛得分的主要手段之一,而且跳投技术是影响投篮命中率的重要因素之一。要想赢得比赛最终胜利,想在竞赛中获得更多的分数,跳投技术的掌握与发挥起着很大的作用。因此,要加大力度对跳投技术的训练。本文通过系统化教学训练、学生容易出现的错误动作、注意问题进行阐述,希望能给同行们在平时的教学训练中有一点启发。%During the rapid development of modern basketball technique and tactics,jump shot gets more and more attention in basketball competition.Jump shot is not only the main method to get score,but also one of the main factors influencing the field goal percentage.In order to win the game,and gets more score,jump shot plays an important role.Therefore,we should strengthen the training of jump shot.This paper,through systematic teaching and training,explains the some noticeable problems.The main purpose is to provide some reference for daily training and teaching.

  17. Effect of Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA and Vitamin E on the Blood Levels of Inflammatory Markers, Antioxidant Enzymes, and Lipid Peroxidation in Iranian Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Ghiasvand

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Exercise can change the release of numerous cytokines and modulate their receptor systems. Dietary ω-3 lipids may decrease the levels of inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins (PGs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of exercise and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA supplementation, with or without vitamin E, on the blood levels of IL-2, TNF-α, catalase, glutathione reductase, and MDA in male basketball players."nMethods Thirty-four well-trained male basketball players were enrolled into the study. Venous blood samples were obtained from all subjects between 5:00 and 6:00 p.m., after intensive endurance exercising for 2 hours, at the baseline and after intervention. Subjects received 2g EPA and/or 400 IU vitamin E or placebo depends on their groups for 6 weeks."nResults There were significant fall (paired t-test in TNF-α in group1(P< 0.05, and in MDA in group 3 (P<0.05, whereas there were significant increase in  glutathione reductase in groups1 and 3 (P< 0.05, and in MDA in group2 (P< 0.05.There were significant differences (Tukey in glutathione reductase between groups 2 and 3 (P< 0.05, and in IL-2 between groups 1 and other groups (P< 0.01, but there were no significant differences in MDA, CAT, and TNF-α, among groups after 6 week of intervention."nConclusion: Six weeks of EPA+vitamin E supplementation enhances the plasma levels of IL-2 and erythrocytes glutathione reductase, whereas it reduces TNF-α, and 6 weeks of EPA supplementation alone enhances only the serum level of MDA.

  18. Research on the Cultivation of Group Cohesion in Bas-ketball Teams of Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校篮球训练队团体凝聚力培养对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗军

    2013-01-01

      本文从高职院校篮球训练队及运动员的特点出发,在深入分析影响团体凝聚力的因素的基础上,探讨如何增强群体凝聚力的途径与方法。提出培养团体凝聚力的途径,从而增强学校篮球训练队的整体实力。%In this paper, from the characteristics of higher voca-tional colleges and training of basketball players, based on analy-sis of influencing factors on group cohesion, and discusses how to enhance the ways and methods of group cohesion. The way to de-velop community cohesion, thereby enhancing the overall strength of the school basketball team.

  19. Basketball referees in on the spot hold in cutting using body language research%篮球裁判员在临场执裁中运用身体语言的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱红武

    2012-01-01

    According to the theory of body language, it is one of the important basketball game communication way, but also points out that basketball referee, using body language regulation game, is to the game, the lan- guage, the whistle gestures necessary complement, is make the race to smooth, smooth effective means.%根据身体语言的理论,它是篮球比赛申的一种重要交流方式,同时指出篮球裁判员运用身体语言调控比赛,是对比赛中哨声、语言、手势的必要补充,是使比赛得以流畅、顺利进行的有效手段。

  20. 中国男篮奥运会比赛情况的分析研究%An Analysis of the Man Basketball Game of China in Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏杨

    2001-01-01

    对中国男子篮球队在奥运会比赛中进攻投篮和防守对手投篮的情况进行了统计分析和研究,揭示了中国男子篮球队在比赛中存在的一些问题,并提出一些解决问题的方法。%The essay discloses the question of the man basketball game ofChina in Olympics games through statistic analysis and study of it's shoot and defending shoot and provides some methods for the questions in order to provide a certain reference and help for the latter basketball training.

  1. Reasons and Countermeasures to Deal With Court Violence in the Basketball Games%职业篮球比赛中球场暴力成因及预防对策探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩; 沈时明

    2012-01-01

    通过对职业篮球运动员球场暴力根本原因进行分析,能够准确、全面地使我们认识和理解球场暴力这一社会现象,并为国内以及国际顶级赛场的球场暴力现象提供解决方法和对策。%An analysis of the reasons of court violence appeared for the professional basketball player was made in this thesis,which makes us understand more about the phenomenon and get us to figure out more effective solutions and countermeasures to deal with the court violence in domestic and international basketball competition.

  2. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attene, Giuseppe; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T.; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Pizzolato, Fabio; Zagatto, Alessandro M.; Dal Pupo, Juliano; Oggianu, Marcello; Migliaccio, Gian M.; Mannucci Pacini, Elena; Padulo, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 5-week training program, consisting of repeated 30-m sprints, on two repeated sprint ability (RSA) test formats: one with one change of direction (RSA) and the other with multiple changes of direction (RSM). Thirty-six young male and female basketball players (age 16.1 ± 0.9 years), divided into two experimental groups, were tested for RSA, RSM, squat jump, counter-movement jump, and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery-Level-1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test, before and after a 4-week training program and 1 week of tapering. One group performed 30-m sprints with one change of direction (RSA group, RSAG), whereas the other group performed multidirectional 30-m sprints (RSM group, RSMG). Both groups improved in all scores in the post-intervention measurements (P basketball players, but have a different psycho-physiological impact. PMID:27445852

  3. Research on Ankle-joint Injury of Basketball Fans in Baoji University of Arts and Sciences%宝鸡文理学院篮球运动爱好者踝关节损伤的浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏俊民

    2011-01-01

    本文通过问卷调查的方式,对宝鸡文理学院91名学生篮球爱好者在篮球运动中踝关节损伤的原因及性质进行调查分析,提出合理的预防措施,以便减少篮球爱好者在篮球运动中踝关节的损伤的概率.%Through the questionnaire survey, the paper investigates and analyzes ankle-joint injury reason and nature to 91 fans of Baoji University of Arts and Sciences in basketball, advances reasonablely preventive measures, to ruduce ankle-joint injury probability in basketball.

  4. 基于APAS影像分析的篮球中距离跳投技术分析研究%Technique Analysis of Basketball Mid Distance Jump Shot Based on APAS Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊六东; 丁洪福

    2011-01-01

    跳投是现代篮球用的最多的投篮方式,本研究用摄影机以6 0 HZ抓取中国矿业大学男子篮球队参加过2005-2009年CUBA比赛中司职前锋及后卫的10名队员为研究对象,实验利用队员在罚球线位置做中距离跳投影像为基础,通过ArielPerformance Analysis System(APAS)进行2 D动作分析,并对收集的各分期占动作时间比例、球离手时机、球离手角度与命中率等运动学参数以叙述统计、单因子变异数分析、皮尔逊积差相关进行了统计分析,研究结论为篮球中距离跳投技术的训练与研究打下了一定基础。%Jumper shot is the most widely shooting used by basketball players.Two-dimensional video techniques(6 0 HZ)were used to obtain images of basketball jump shots from free throw line(n=10),as performed by 10 players of China University of Mining men's basketball team participated in the 2005-2009 competition of the functional CUBA striker and defender.The collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and person product-moment correlation.A mid-range jump shot basketball skills training and research laid has come to conclusion.

  5. 沈阳市6所大学篮球运动员运动损伤调查与分析%Investigation and analysis on sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左琦

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查、文献资料、访谈、数理统计等研究方法,对沈阳市6所大学篮球运动员运动损伤产生原因进行调查分析。并针对沈阳市篮球运动员易损伤部位,提出预防运动损伤的可行性建议。%By using the methods of documents, questionnaire, investigation interview and statistics, this paper investigation and analysis on the causes of sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang. The research shows that the main causes of sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang are uneven and slippery ground, the low air temperature in winter, unreasonable technical movement. According to the easy injury location of basketball players in Shenyang, this research provides feasible suggestions which are the preventions of Sports Injury.

  6. The Influence of the Labor Relations on the Construction of Basketball Referee Team%劳动关系对篮球裁判员队伍建设的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈树东

    2015-01-01

    劳动关系是用人单位招用劳动者为其成员,劳动者在用人单位的管理下提供有报酬的劳动而产生的权利义务关系。篮球裁判员作为压力非常大的一种高危职业,劳动关系的确立对其队伍建设起着至关重要的作用。在篮球裁判员的队伍建设中应该根据马斯洛的需要层次理论,满足篮球裁判员的生理、安全、归属与爱、自尊和自我实现的需要,达到篮球裁判员高质量人才出现的目的。%Basketball referee is a high-risk occupation as the very large pressure, the establishment of the labor relationship plays a very important role in the construction of the team.The construction of the basketball referees team should be based on Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needs, meet the physiology, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self actualization needs of basketball referees, achieve the goal of create high quality talent in basketball referees.

  7. Study of Attack and Defense Ability of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in the London Olympic Games%伦敦奥运会中国男篮攻防能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳绍军

    2013-01-01

    Based on the literature data, video statistics, analysis of comparative law, the paper focused on offensive and defensive capabilities of the Chinese men's basketball team's at the Beijing Olympics and the London Olympics. The result indicated that, along with Yao Ming's retirement, Chinese men's basketball team's attack and defense ability weakens rapidly. Not only attack ability has been weakened, defensive ability, resistance ability also all have been weakened. Actually, the paper proposed to increase the offensive and defensive ability of Chinese men's basketball.%运用文献资料法、录像统计法、分析比较法等研究方法,重点对中国男篮在北京奥运会与伦敦奥运会上攻防能力进行比较研究.结果表明,随着姚明的退役,中国男篮攻防能力迅速减弱,不但进攻能力减弱,防守能力、对抗能力也都有所减弱.最后提出了提高中国男篮攻防能力的一些有效途径.

  8. Comparative study on 3-point shot rate of Chinese male basketball team in Beijing Olympic Games%北京奥运会中国男篮3分球命中率比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光鼎

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature reviews,video observation,data statistics and comparative analysis,the article systematically summarizes the 3-point shot scores of Chinese male basketball team in the Man Basketball Match of the 29th Olympic Games,such as the scores of the whole team,the guards,the forwards,and the centers.The scores are compared and analyzed with those of the opponents.The aim of article is to find out the problems that lie in the development of the Chinese male basketball team.%采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、比较分析法等对第29届奥运会男子篮球赛中国男篮的6场比赛中,中国男篮全队整体3分球得分;后卫3分球得分;前锋3分球得分;中锋3分球得分等进行全面系统地总结,并与对手的情况进行对比与分析,希望从中找出制约我国男子篮球队发展的问题.

  9. The Influence of Basketball on the Social Adaptation Ability and Mental Health of College Students%篮球运动对大学生社会适应能力和心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道君

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes the influence of basketball on the social adaptation ability and the mental health of college students, it is found that basketball can cultivate the students' movement participation through a variety of sensory perception of memory, and can help them form highly automated movement skills for a long time, which will help students make accurate judgement under the rapid and complex situa⁃tions. In addition, through the basketball game, the individual character, self-confidence, emotional control, willpower and self-discipline of the students will be developed well.%分析篮球运动对大学生社会适应能力和心理健康的影响,发现篮球运动可以通过多种感官知觉的参与培养学生的运动记忆,可以帮助他们在较长的时间内形成高度自动化的运动技能。这将有助于学生在快速、复杂的情况下准确的做出判断。另外,通过篮球比赛,学生的个性、自信心、情绪控制、意志力、主动性、自我约束能力等方面都会有很好的发展。

  10. 高校体育专业学生篮球运动中踝关节损伤的调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Ankle Injuries in Basketball Sport of Professional Sports Students in University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李泽清

    2014-01-01

    踝关节损伤是篮球运动中常见的一种损伤。本文通过问卷调查对普通高校体育专业学生在篮球运动中踝关节损伤的类型、程度、原因等进行了调查,根据踝关节生理结构和篮球运动特点对损伤原因进行了研究,并对踝关节损伤的预防提出了合理的建议。%Ankle injury is one of the common phenomena in basketball sport .This paper investigates injury types, degree and causes of ankle in basketball sport of professional sports students of ordinary college through questionnaire .The injury reasons were studied according to the physiological structure of ankle and characteristics of basketball sport .And reasonable suggestions to prevent the ankle injuries are raised .

  11. Development Situation and Countermeasure of Chinese Male Competitive Basketball%中国男子竞技篮球运动发展现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代勇

    2015-01-01

    采用文献资料、专家访谈、录像观察、比较分析等研究方法对中中国男子竞技篮球运动的发展历程做了整理与分析,结合08年北京奥运会、12年伦敦奥运会和第16届土耳其世锦赛中中国男篮与其对阵球队的各方面球员技术指标,了解当前中国男子竞技篮球的优势和不足之处,找出适用于目前中国男子篮球运动的发展规律,为训练和比赛提供理论依据。%This research mainly adopts the literature method, survey method, observation method, and mathematical statistics to analyze the development of the Chinese men's basketball. Combining with the skill indicators in the Olympic Games in 2008, 2012 and the World Championship in Turkey, the research attempts to explore the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese men's basketball, and to figure out the appropriate development rule for the Chinese men's basketball, so as to provide proper theoretical basis for the races and training.

  12. 对普通高校篮球运动员身体体能训练的特性探讨%Discussion on Physical Fitness Training Feature of College Basketball Player

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎明

    2012-01-01

    By watching the game video of CUBA which representative of China basketball's highest level of the National Collegiate Basketball League and CUBA statistical techniques over the years, this paper found that our college basketball team's fitness level is not optimistic. Two teams in the game under the basket against the smaller, slower offensive tempo, the lower the score the whole game, especially in the final stage, due to a serious decline in physical fitness, and players making some technical deformation of the action began, shooting began to fall, the team and individual errors began to increase, significantly reduced the game to watch. So, to say the lack of physical fitness level has become a high level of college basketball to the development of a stumbling block. Preliminary explore of China's college basketball team for physical training, in the hope to provide a theoretical basis for China's college basketball team for the future of physical training.%通过观看代表我国高校篮球最高水平的全国大学生篮球联赛(CUBA)的多场比赛录像以及查看CUBA历年的技术统计,发现我国高校篮球队的体能水平是不容乐观的。在比赛中两支球队在篮下的对抗场面较少,进攻节奏较慢,整场比赛的比分较低,尤其是在比赛的最后阶段,由于球员们体能的严重下降,而使得有些球员技术动作开始变形,投篮命中率开始下降,全队及个人的失误开始增多,大大降低了比赛的观赏性。因此说体能水平的不足已经成为我国高校篮球运动向高水平发展的一块绊脚石。初步探索了适合我国高校篮球队体能训练的方法,希望能够为今后我国高校篮球队的体能训练提供理论上的依据。

  13. CALENTAMIENTO COMPETITIVO EN BALONCESTO: REVISIÓN BIBLIOGRÁFICA Y PROPUESTA Competitive warm-up in basketball: literature review and proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    El calentamiento es utilizado, aceptado y practicado previamente a la realización de una práctica deportiva por la totalidad de sus participantes. Además, es considerado imprescindible para alcanzar un rendimiento óptimo por la mayoría de deportistas. Sin embargo, existe poca evidencia científica que apoye su efectividad. Todo esto, junto con la diversidad de los deportes, hace necesario la estandarización de unas pautas comunes de calentamiento para cada deporte o disciplina deportiva. En cuanto al baloncesto de élite se refiere, hemos encontrado un gran vacío científico que nos gustaría cubrir. Por lo tanto, los objetivos de este artículo son, primero, la realización de una revisión bibliográfica sobre todos los aspectos relacionados con el calentamiento como pueden ser: definición de calentamiento, tipos de calentamientos, beneficios del mismo, estructura que debe seguir (intensidad, duración, recuperación y especificidad, factores que influyen sobre él, estiramientos si o estiramientos no y de qué tipo en el calentamiento. Y segundo, con las conclusiones obtenidas, describir y proponer una metodología de calentamiento competitivo adaptado al baloncesto de alto nivel, para que ésta se convierta en una guía de referencia justificada a la hora de realizar esta fase pre-partido.

     

    Palabras Clave: estiramientos estáticos, estiramientos dinámicos, calentamiento general, calentamiento específico, baloncesto

    Abstract

    Warm-up is used, accepted and performed by every participant before practising any sport. Warm-up is also considered by most sportmen as fundamental to achieve optimal performance. However, there is little scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. This lack of evidence, together with the diversity of sports, requires the standardisation of common warm-up patterns for each sport activity. As elite basketball is concerned

  14. Incidência de lesões musculoesqueléticas em atletas de elite do basquetebol feminino Incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in elite female basketball athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Sabbag da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O basquetebol é esporte competitivo, com alta incidência de lesões de contato e movimentação. OBJETIVO: determinar a incidência de lesões musculoesqueléticas em atletas de elite do basquetebol feminino. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: foram analisadas prospectivamente 66 atletas adultas, 18 a 37 anos (média: 23, de 5 equipes durante o Campeonato Paulista da Divisão A1 (setembro de 99 a janeiro de 2000. Os dados referentes a atleta e as lesões que ocorreram no período, foram registradas por fisioterapeuta. RESULTADOS: foram computadas 78 lesões, em 47 das atletas (71,2%. A incidência de lesão foi de 2,6 lesões/ atleta/ 1000 jogos/treinos, com maior incidência nos jogos. A entorse, com 33%, foi o diagnóstico mais comum especialmente na região do tornozelo, seguida da contusão (24%. O joelho com 21% das lesões, mão/dedos, com 17%, perna/coxa e tornozelo com 14% cada, foram as regiões mais lesadas. O contato com outro atleta foi o principal mecanismo de lesão. Não encontramos relação entre diagnóstico, idade, posição e região anatômica lesada, mas atletas mais novas foram menos afetadas. A maioria das lesões foram leves (88,5% e a região do joelho foi a de maior morbidade. As sobrecargas deste esporte foram mais visíveis na região lombar e joelho, exigindo programas intensivos de prevenção e acompanhamento de atletas de elite no basquetebol feminino.Basketball is a competitive sport, presenting a high incidence of contact and movement injuries. OBJECTIVE: to determine the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in elite female basketball athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 66 adult athletes, with ages ranging from 18 to 37 years (average: 23, from 5 teams playing A1-class São Paulo State Championship were prospectively assessed in the period of September 1999 - January 2000. Data concerning each individual athlete and the injuries occurred within that period were recorded by a physical therapist. RESULTS: 78 injuries were

  15. Iron status in spanish junior soccer and basketball players. Status en hierro de jugadores de fútbol y baloncesto de la categoría junior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valtueña , Jara

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAim: To assess the dietary iron intake and the iron status of Spanish junior athletes and its importance on performance, and to discuss abount the consequences of an iron deficiency. Material and methods: Forty six soccer and eleven basketball players aged 17-21 years (mean age 18.2 +1.1 who played in the Spanish national junior soccer and basketball league, respectively, who had neither drugs, medicines intake nor illness during the study which altered the appetite or some studies parameters, took part in the study. Dietary intake was assessed by means of a 7-day weighed food intake record. Iron status was evaluated by means of a complete hemogram, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin and TIBC.Results: Mean iron intake was 19.24±4.58 mg/day. Mean analytical data were all between reference ranges. Basketball players had higher intake levels compared with soccer ones (22.1+6.4 and 19.2+3.9 mg/day, respectively; pConclusions: During adolescence, iron requirements are very high which could place adolescent athletes in a high risk group for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. In the current research, the population studied shows an acceptable iron status although there are 3% of iron deficiency anaemia cases.ResumenObjetivos: valorar la ingesta diaria y el estatus de hierro de los atletas junior españoles y su importancia sobre el rendimiento, así como lo que respecta a las consecuencias que tiene una deficiencia de hierro. Material y métodos: cuarenta y seis jugadores de fútbol y once de baloncesto con edades comprendidas entre los 17 y 21 años (la media de edad 18.2 + 1.1 que jugaban en la liga junior nacional de fútbol y baloncesto, respectivamente, y que no tomaban drogas, medicinas ni presentaban ninguna enfermedad durante el desarrollo del estudio que pudiera alterar el apetito o algunos de los parámetros objeto de estudio, tomaron parte en este estudio. La ingesta dietética se cuantificó mediante la técnica de

  16. Personality characteristics of Serbian male wheelchair and professional basketball players [Charakteristika osobnosti srbských basketbalistů-vozíčkářů a profesionálních basketbalistů

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    Fadilj Eminović

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sport, as social phenomena, may achieve a very positive influence on health and the social state of people with disability who practice it. In sport activities of athletes with disability, team sports may take a very important place. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: a to investigate personality characteristics of male professional basketball players and wheelchair basketball players, b to compare these characteristics of two kinds of athletes. METHODS: For the purposes of this study, professional basketball players (N = 29 and wheelchair basketball players (N = 25 had completed a Cattell 16PF questionnaire which estimated personality characteristics. Differences between two groups of participants were calculated by t-test for small samples. RESULTS: Results demonstrated the existence of differences in the expression of certain forms of behaviour within certain dimensions of personality between these two groups. Wheelchair basketball players had higher scores at factor M – Abstractedness (t = -1.889; p = 0.046, which means that they are more preoccupied by themselves and their inner mental life. Wheelchair basketball players had lower scores, on factors: C – Emotional Stability (t = 2.097; p = 0.041, E – Dominance (t = 3.530; p = 0.001, F – Liveliness (t = 2.658; p = 0.010 and N – Privateness (t = 2.527; p = 0.015. CONCLUSIONS: Wheelchair basketball players are, compared with professional basketball players, more emotive; they have a lack of self-esteem, less ready for teamwork and collaboration; they are naive and unpretentious. Considering these results, coaches who are involved in work with wheelchair basketball players have to adjust their methods of trainings, especially those coaches who were working with basketball players without disability. Also, coaches' influence can stimulate eventual changes in some above mentioned characteristics of wheelchair basketball players in more desirable course

  17. Ampliando horizontes sobre medición del rendimiento y regularidad en el baloncesto profesional. [Expanding horizons on performance measurement and regularity in professional basketball].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Román Salmerón-Gómez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Conseguir información relevante sobre el rendimiento de equipos y jugadores para la toma de decisiones provoca un continuo análisis de factores que afectan al resultado individual y del conjunto en el ámbito del deporte. La necesidad de obtener resultados positivos hace necesaria el uso de herramientas de gestión que ayuden a la estimación fiable del rendimiento deportivo de los jugadores profesionales y así mejorar la toma de decisiones por los directivos deportivos, por ejemplo, en el momento de diseñar una plantilla. El presente trabajo trata de mejorar el análisis existente presentando un nuevo indicador para medir el rendimiento y la regularidad de los jugadores de baloncesto mostrando por qué es preferible a otros usados anteriormente en la bibliografía existente. El análisis empírico se centra en calcular la regularidad de todos los jugadores que hayan disputado al menos 10 partidos en la liga de la Asociación de Clubes de Baloncesto, conocida como Liga ACB, con una media de minutos jugados superior o igual a 10 durante la temporada 2014/2015. Los resultados obtenidos presentan perspectivas interesantes para aspectos de la gestión deportiva como el reclutamiento y diseño de equipos deportivos. Abstract Get relevant information about players and team performance to take decisions causes a continuous analysis of factors affecting individual and group performance in sport context. The need for positive results takes to use management tools that estimate athletic performance of professional players reliable in regards to the decision by the sport managers, for example, when they are designing the player roster. This study aims to improve the existing analysis by providing, on the one hand, new indexes to measure performance and regularity of professional basketball players, and showing how traditional statistics tools can detect relevant information. We use data from every player in terms of performance according to Spanish

  18. Rural Sports Development Dilemma that Displays by the Rise and Fall of Local Basketball League%新时期农村体育发展困境审视--基于“乡土篮球联赛”兴衰历程分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彦军

    2013-01-01

    This article studys used prosperity Local Basketball League of Lingbao in Yuxi area by using documents and materials method, field survey method, interviews method, and so on.The article analysises the development distory of rural basketball in Yuxi area and the discoure of the rise and the fall of Local Basketball League.At last, the development delimma that rural sports is facing is be pointed.%通过文献资料法、实地调查法、访谈法等方法对盛极一时的豫西“乡土篮球联赛”进行研究。分析豫西地区农村篮球运动开展历史和“乡土篮球联赛”发展兴衰历程,指出当前农村体育发展过程中所面临的窘境。

  19. A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States’ National Basketball Association’s Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ooms, Gorik; Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin

    2015-01-01

    If global trade were fair, it is argued, then international aid would be unnecessary and inequalities inherent to the economic system would be justifiable. Here, we argue that while global trade is unfair, in part because richer countries set the rules, we believe that additional interventions must go beyond trade regulation and short-term aid to redress inequalities among countries that will persist and possibly worsen in spite of such measures. Drawing on an example of measures taken to redress the characteristics of a system that inherently increases inequality, the ability of dominant teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA) to recruit the most talented players, we argue that market-based competition even in the context of fair rules will create and amplify economic inequalities. We argue that, just as the NBA created a draft to reduce the emergence of severe inequalities among teams, systems of social support within richer countries should be paralleled by a global system to counterbalance persisting inequalities among countries that are produced by market forces. We explain how such a mechanism might operate among integrated market economies, and identify the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) as an example of such an emerging form of global social support. PMID:26673331

  20. A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States' National Basketball Association's Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ooms, Gorik; Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin

    2015-01-01

    If global trade were fair, it is argued, then international aid would be unnecessary and inequalities inherent to the economic system would be justifiable. Here, we argue that while global trade is unfair, in part because richer countries set the rules, we believe that additional interventions must go beyond trade regulation and short-term aid to redress inequalities among countries that will persist and possibly worsen in spite of such measures. Drawing on an example of measures taken to redress the characteristics of a system that inherently increases inequality, the ability of dominant teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA) to recruit the most talented players, we argue that market-based competition even in the context of fair rules will create and amplify economic inequalities. We argue that, just as the NBA created a draft to reduce the emergence of severe inequalities among teams, systems of social support within richer countries should be paralleled by a global system to counterbalance persisting inequalities among countries that are produced by market forces. We explain how such a mechanism might operate among integrated market economies, and identify the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) as an example of such an emerging form of global social support. PMID:26673331

  1. Sistema de Información Para Evento Deportivo: Caso de Aplicación Básquetbol Sports Information System: An Application case in Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnulfo Castro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe el desarrollo de una aplicación Web dinámica con una Base de Datos y la capacidad de administrar datos registrados en un torneo de Básquetbol. Algunas de las facilidades que proporciona la aplicación incluyen la capacidad de registrar acciones que suceden en un encuentro tales como: faltas, robos de balón, cambios, y cantidad de encestes por jugador. Así mismo se tiene capacidad de registrar los datos de cada persona que participa en el equipo, tales como entrenador, asistente, y jugadores entre otros: Además se puede registrar información general del torneo tales como: arbitros, encuentros, y características de las instalaciones entre lo más destacable.This work presents the development of a dynamic Web application and a datábase, both suited to manage data of a basketball tournament. Some features available in this system include the registering of actions occurring during a match, such as fouls, steals, substitutions, and scoring by player, etc. Also, it is possible to register data about people participating in the teams, such as coaches, assistants, and players among others. Additionally, the system can register general information of the tournament such as schedule of matches, courts, and facilities, among others.

  2. 篮球运动员心理训练的研究综述%Research on the Psychological Training of Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫立达

    2012-01-01

    With the advancement of technology and social development,improving athletic ability has reached its limit,to get excellent results in the sports area,good psychological quality is essential.Therefore,the mental training has been more attention.Based on the literature review of mental training,mental training basketball players to explore research directions and methods.%随着科技的进步和社会的发展,体育竞技能力的提高已经达到极限,在运动场上要取得优异的成绩,良好的心理素质必不可少。因此,心理训练越来越得到的重视。本文通过对心理训练的文献综述,探讨篮球运动员心理训练研究的方向和方法。

  3. A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States’ National Basketball Association’s Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorik Ooms

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available If global trade were fair, it is argued, then international aid would be unnecessary and inequalities inherent to the economic system would be justifiable. Here, we argue that while global trade is unfair, in part because richer countries set the rules, we believe that additional interventions must go beyond trade regulation and short-term aid to redress inequalities among countries that will persist and possibly worsen in spite of such measures. Drawing on an example of measures taken to redress the characteristics of a system that inherently increases inequality, the ability of dominant teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA to recruit the most talented players, we argue that market-based competition even in the context of fair rules will create and amplify economic inequalities. We argue that, just as the NBA created a draft to reduce the emergence of severe inequalities among teams, systems of social support within richer countries should be paralleled by a global system to counterbalance persisting inequalities among countries that are produced by market forces. We explain how such a mechanism might operate among integrated market economies, and identify the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund as an example of such an emerging form of global social support.

  4. You Made El Team-O! The Transnational Browning of the National Basketball Association through the “Noche Latina” Marketing Campaigns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge E. Moraga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay pushes beyond the black-white binary in an effort to expand understandings into the relationship between sport, Latinidad, and global capitalism in the 21st century. Through a discursive analysis into the National Basketball Association (NBA outreach policies, I ask: do recent shifts in the NBA’s marketing strategies, while alluding towards social inclusion and multicultural diversity, also contribute to the containment, exclusion, and marginalization to the fastest growing minority group in the United States: the Latina/o. By conducting a textual analysis into the NBA’s Noche Latina campaign, this essay makes the case that while the NBA may be another example of browning the sporting gaze the gaze remains fixed upon Western capitalist notions of identity and representation. An aim of this study seeks to highlight the contradictions within U.S. based-sport marketing in hopes that sport fans, pundits and academics alike might grapple with and strive towards understanding how phenomena like “Noche Latina” repackages racialized, sexist and cultural tropes for global television audiences and social media users alike.

  5. 伦敦奥运会中国男篮快攻战术运用状况研究%Research on Adoption of Fast Break Tactics of China Men's Basketball in London Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘霖; 王庆然

    2015-01-01

    With methods of video analysis and mathematical statistics,this paper carries out a comparative study of the adoption of fast break tactics by China Men's Basketball in group match with Spain,Brazil,Great Britain, Russia and Australia in 2012 London Olympic Games.Results show weak adoption,lack of consciousness and loose structure of fast break tactics by Chinese Men's Basketball.The paper suggests that Chinese Men's Basketball should change traditional idea of attack and set up the tactical thought of more participation and following points to improve the training of fast speed techniques to enrich tactics of fast break to win scores.%本研究主要运用录像分析和数理统计等方法,对中国男篮与西班牙、巴西、英国、俄罗斯、澳大利亚队在2012年伦敦奥运会小组比赛中所运用快攻战术进行对比研究,结果表明:我国男篮快攻战术相对薄弱,在整体上缺乏快攻意识,快攻战术结构不够严密;建议:我国男篮应转变传统进攻理念,树立多人参与、多点跟进的快攻战术思想,加强“快速”技术水平的训练,丰富快攻战术的得分手段。

  6. 浅议高职院校篮球教学现状及其改革%Discussion about the teaching situation and reform in higher vocational college basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹中旺

    2014-01-01

    篮球是我国高职院校体育教学中最重要的项目之一,它在提高学生身体素质、培养学生竞争意识和团队协作意识方面起着重要的作用。综览当前我国高职院校篮球教学,还存在着教学思想陈旧、教学方法单一、课程设置不合理、考核制度不全面、基础设施不完善等弊端。随着新的教育改革的深入发展,高职院校篮球教学改革势在必行,要转变传统教学中不合时宜的观念,以学生为中心,提高学生学习兴趣,帮助学生树立“终身体育”的理念。%Basketball is one of China Vocational College Physical Education is the most important project,it plays an important role in improving the physical fitness of students, students sense of competition and teamwork awareness.Overview of current vocational colleges teaching basketball.There is still the old idea of teaching, teaching methods are simple, unreasonable curriculum, assessment system is not comprehensive, inadequate infrastructure and other defects.With the development of new educational reform, basketball vocational colleges teaching reform is imperative to change the traditional teaching of outdated concepts, student-centered, increase student interest in learning to help students establish a"lifetime sports"concept”.

  7. Our Country's Human Resources Situation Analysis of Deaf Basketball Players%我国女子聋人篮球运动员人力资源现状解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔金龙; 马丽; 闫育东

    2012-01-01

    Using the method of literature,questionnaire and statistics,the Chinese female deaf basketball players is analyzed and the research of human resources.For the women of deaf basketball players in age,height,weight,education,training period,training motivation,training time,training venues and technique,tactics,psychology,physical training and other aspects of the existing problems,put forward to develop its own characteristics,to improve their awareness,implement the financial budget,start to do from the foundation and improve the degree of social concern and related suggestions,aims to promote and facilitate the Chinese female deaf basketball continued to campaign,health,harmonious development.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法和数据统计法,对我国女子聋人篮球运动员人力资源进行了解析和研究。针对女子聋人篮球运动员在年龄、身高、体重、学历、训练年限、训练动机、训练时间、训练场地以及技术、战术、心理、身体训练等方面存在的问题,提出发展自己特色、提高自身认识、落实财务经费、从基础做起和提高社会关注度等相关建议,旨在推动和促进我国女子聋人篮球运动持续、健康、协调发展。

  8. 基于行为分析的篮球领域规律挖掘的应用研究%Basketball Domain Rule Mining Application Research Based on Behaviour Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马萌; 于重重; 陈钧; 郭雪

    2014-01-01

    关联规则挖掘过程重视算法研究,忽视商业需求,使挖掘结果很难满足商业目标,提出基于行为分析的篮球领域规律挖掘模型。模型使用行为分析概念建立待挖掘数据库,并且在整个挖掘过程中以领域知识为基准,使用技术兴趣度和商业兴趣度相结合的方法来发现满足规则评价标准的深度规则。以中国男子篮球职业联赛( China Basketball Association, CBA)2012赛季比赛数据为例,进行实验和分析。实验结果表明了基于行为分析的篮球领域规律挖掘模型的有效性和实用性。%To deal with the problems of attaching importance to algorithm research and ignoring the business needs in association rule mining and leading to the mining results that it is difficult to meet business objectives, a mining model based on the analysis of behavior of the basketball domain rule was proposed. We used the concept of behavior analysis to set up mining database. The whole mining process was based on domain knowledge, using the method which combines the degrees of technical interest and commercial interest in order to find the deep rules that meet the evaluation criteria. According to the game stats of season 2012 in CBA, some experiments and analysis were carried out. The results demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the mining model based on the analysis of the behav-ior of basketball domain rules.

  9. Analysis on Offensive and Defensive Skills of Chinese Team in 2013 Women's Basketball Championships%2013年女篮亚锦赛中国队进攻技术运用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿建华; 高杰

    2015-01-01

    Using the methods of literature,video observation,mathematical statistics and other methods,this paper analyzes 2013 Women's Basketball Championships Chinese team five games with opponents offensive and defensive technical indicators for statistical process, the specific offensive and defensive players at each position using technology , aimed to Chinese women's basketball in the face of the status quo, to identify their strengths and weaknesses. Chinese women's basketball problems: strong confrontation,fast-paced game,not strong aggressive attack, attack timing, not quite proper mode selection, lack of means of attack, weak defensive awareness, not forming an effective defensive system. Specifically in the technology players cannot maintain a stable offensive play, scoring less, not more breakthrough point ball using, and cannot pull the defense the opportunity to create a full shot companion.%运用录像观察、数据统计等方法,对2013年女篮亚锦赛中国队与对手的5场比赛中进攻时各位置队员在不同投篮区域命中率、各位置队员投篮方式、进攻时传球方式3个指标进行统计并分析,旨在正视中国女篮的现状,找出其进攻中的优势和不足。中国女篮暴露的问题:在强对抗、快节奏比赛中,不能保持进攻技术的稳定发挥,得分点少,突破分球运用不多,不能拉动防守为同伴创造充分的投篮时机。

  10. ANALYSIS OF THE PERIMETER SHOOTING ABILITY OF CHINESE MENS BASKETBALL TEAM%剖析我国男篮中距离投篮技术的运用能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨萍

    2012-01-01

    The perimeter shooting is a major scoring method in the basketball game, therefore it plays a key role in winning a game. In this paper, we take an analysis of the issues that exist in Chinese Men's Basketball Team on the perimeter shooting, point out the strong points and weaknesses of our team in the perimeter shooting by comparative studies between Chinese and foreign teams through video observation and mathematical statistic methods, and propose some specific recommendations in the end. The research provides a theoretical basis and reference example for enhancing the overall ability of getting scores and further improving the overall level of Chinese men's basketball.%中距离投篮是篮球比赛中的主要得分方式,因此,中距离投篮得分对比赛胜负起着关键作用。本文通过录像观察法、数理统计法,采用中外男篮对比研究的方法,分析了中国男篮中距离投篮的相关问题,指出了我国男篮在中距离投篮技术上的优势与不足,并提出了具体建议。此项研究为提高中国男篮整体的得分能力以及我国男子篮球运动的整体水平提供了理论依据和实例借鉴。

  11. Author development of training device for micro-basketball the «Clever ring» as mean of integral psychomotor development of children of 2-5 years old.

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhno E.G.; Kozina Zh.L.; Jagiello Marina

    2012-01-01

    A technical device is developed for micro-basketball for integral development of children 1-5 years. In research took part 52 children of age-dependent group of 1-2 years, 56 children of 3-4 years, 56 children, 4-5 years. It is suggested to execute throws in a basket from different distance and under a different corner. Also to give up the balls of different color and size in accordance with a color and size of basket from the set initial position. It is marked that exercises with a ball deve...

  12. 我校大学生参与篮球活动运动风险的调查与分析%Risk Investigation and Analysis of WNU Students Participating in Basketball Exercise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋和平

    2012-01-01

    Based on basketball sports injury questionnaire in Weinan Normal University, the paper found that ankle and knee injuries are common, the paper analyzes the mechanism and causes and then puts forward the corresponding prevention measures.%通过对我校经常参加篮球运动的学生进行运动损伤的问卷调查,发现踝、膝关节受损伤者较普遍,文章对损伤各部位的机理和发生原因进行了分析,并提出了相应的预防措施.

  13. El mentoring como medio formativo en la educación del entrenador de baloncesto.(Mentoring in basketball coach education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Jiménez Saiz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl mentoring es un medio formativo muy valorado en los entrenadores deportivos. Sin embargo, las investigaciones señalan que éste se produce de una manera informal y desestructurada. Por ello, el propósito de la investigación es descubrir si ha existido un proceso de mentoring en entrenadores de élite en baloncesto, y si es así, como se ha desarrollado dicho proceso. Para el desarrollo de la investigación se ha utilizado la metodología cualitativa y la técnica de la entrevista semiestructurada. Los entrevistados han sido dieciséis entrenadores expertos en baloncesto según la literatura específica, entre los que se encuentran Campeones del Mundo, de Europa y de la liga ACB entre otros. Los resultados nos indican como el mentoring es un medio fundamental en la formación de los entrenadores, aunque, como señalan las investigaciones, se produce de una manera informal y desestructurada lo que provoca que muchos entrenadores no puedan optar a este medio de formación y que además se produzca de forma aleatoria y meramente imitativa. También se observa como este mentoring informal es mucho más que una mera transmisión de conocimientos. Por todo ello, es importante destacar que en las primeras etapas del entrenador debe existir la figura de un mentor que familiarice al entrenador novel en la cultura del entrenamiento y del club. Además, los clubes, instituciones y federaciones deberían financiar y programar estos procesos de tutela para optimizar la formación de los futuros entrenadores.Abstract Mentoring is a highly valued means of training among sports coaches, however, the research shows that it takes place on an informal basis and is often unstructured. Therefore, the purpose of the research is to discover whether or not there has been a process of mentoring in elite coaches in basketball, and if so, how this process has developed. The research carried out drew from qualitative methodology and the technique of the semi

  14. Avaliação da seleção brasileira feminina de basquete Evaluation of Brazilian female basketball team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A.S. Gentil

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas 13 jogadoras de basquete convocadas para disputa dos Jogos Olímpicos em Sidney - 2000. As atletas foram submetidas à mensuração do peso e altura, a um teste ergoespirométrico em esteira e a um teste de impulsão vertical. Todos os testes foram realizados no Cemafe (Centro de Medicina da Atividade Física e do Esporte da Unifesp/EPM, em junho de 2000. Os resultados encontrados estão descritos a seguir: idade média de 24,4 ± 4,6 anos, peso corporal 70,8 ± 8,6kg, estatura 182 ± 7,6cm, e índice de massa corpórea (IMC 21,4 ± 1,8. A avaliação ergoespirométrica revelou valores para o consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2 máx de 49,9 ± 5,4ml/kg/min; o consumo de oxigênio no limiar anaeróbio (VO2 LA de 38,7 ± 4,3ml/kg/min; freqüência cardíaca máxima (FC máx 194,4 ± 9,6bpm; freqüência cardíaca no limiar anaeróbio (FC LA 179,7 ± 5,7bpm; velocidade no limiar anaeróbio (VEL LA 11,9 ± 1,4km/h; gasto calórico no limiar anaeróbio (GASTO CAL 815,6 ± 71,8kcal/h. No teste de impulsão vertical as atletas foram orientadas a saltar com a maior potência e o maior número de vezes possível em 30 segundos, detectando-se os índices por equipamento sonar (Vertisonic®. Foram encontrados para a potência máxima ou pico de potência 9,9 ± 2,2W e um trabalho muscular total durante os 30 segundos de 602,1 ± 104,8J. A avaliação médica e fisiológica é fundamental para atletas de alto nível alcançarem sucesso em competições de nível internacional, sendo estes parâmetros essenciais ao planejamento e periodização do treinamento.Thirteen (13 elite female basketball players were submitted to medical and physiological evaluation in Cemafe (Federal University of São Paulo in June, 2000. Age was 24.4 ± 4.6 y, height 182 ± 7.6 cm, and body mass 70.8 ± 8.6 kg. The Brazilian team was submitted to an ergospirometry evaluation by a computerized analysis of expired gases with cardiovascular responses recorded by ECG. A

  15. LA PLANIFICACIÓN DE LOS CONTENIDOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DE BALONCESTO EN EQUIPOS DE INICIACIÓN [Planning the contents of training in early age basketball teams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio José Ibáñez Godoy

    2010-04-01

    basketball process training was in initation stage. Specifically how to plan the contents of this sport over a season. For that, training activities planned by a coach who performed their work in a initation team were analyzed. 846 training activities for two seasons were studied. All training sessions were introduced in the PYC-Basket program to quantify the training. The study variables were the contents of training and media training. An initial descriptive analysis of the data to understand how the planning process was carried out. Subsequently, an inferential analysis was performed to study the relationship between two variables and examine the way it presents the development of each content. The planning and recording of the elements that define the coaching situation allowed the control of the programming content of training. The results show a predominance of technical contents, particularly of the individual gestures of attack. Contents also evolve in their treatment during the analyzed seasons. The individual technical and tactical gestures increase over the season. The individual technical and tactical behaviors were reduced with increasing tactical behaviors and collective group techniques. In the planned tasks, the use of means such as exercises and training games for each type of content were combined. Exercises were used to develop the technique and tactics games. Keywords: pedagogical variables, coaching, sport initiation, planning, contents, basketball.

  16. Effects of jump and balance training on knee kinematics and electromyography of female basketball athletes during a single limb drop landing: pre-post intervention study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagano Yasuharu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Some research studies have investigated the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL injury prevention programs on knee kinematics during landing tasks; however the results were different among the studies. Even though tibial rotation is usually observed at the time of ACL injury, the effects of training programs for knee kinematics in the horizontal plane have not yet been analyzed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a jump and balance training program on knee kinematics including tibial rotation as well as on electromyography of the quadriceps and hamstrings in female athletes. Methods Eight female basketball athletes participated in the experiment. All subjects performed a single limb landing at three different times: the initial test, five weeks later, and one week after completing training. The jump and balance training program lasted for five weeks. Knee kinematics and simultaneous electromyography of the rectus femoris and Hamstrings before training were compared with those measured after completing the training program. Results After training, regarding the position of the knee at foot contact, the knee flexion angle for the Post-training trial (mean (SE: 24.4 (2.1 deg was significantly larger than that for the Pre-training trial (19.3 (2.5 deg (p Conclusions The jump and balance training program successfully increased knee flexion and hamstring activity of female athletes during landing, and has the possibility of producing partial effects to avoid the characteristic knee position observed in ACL injury, thereby preventing injury. However, the expected changes in frontal and transverse kinematics of the knee were not observed.

  17. Eight weeks of pre- and postexercise whey protein supplementation increases lean body mass and improves performance in Division III collegiate female basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Lemuel W; Wilborn, Colin; Roberts, Michael D; White, Andrew; Dugan, Kristen

    2016-03-01

    We examined if 8 weeks of whey protein (WP) supplementation improved body composition and performance measures in NCAA Division III female basketball players. Subjects were assigned to consume 24 g WP (n = 8; age, 20 ± 2 years; height, 170 ± 6 cm; weight, 66.0 ± 3.1 kg) or 24 g of maltodextrin (MD) (n = 6; age, 21 ± 3 years; height, 169 ± 6 cm; weight, 68.2 ± 7.6 kg) immediately prior to and following training (4 days/week anaerobic and resistance training) for 8 weeks. Prior to (T1) and 8 weeks following supplementation (T2), subjects underwent dual X-ray absorptiometry body composition assessment as well as performance tests. The WP group gained lean mass from T1 to T2 (+1.4 kg, p = 0.003) whereas the MD group trended to gain lean mass (+0.4 kg, p = 0.095). The WP group also lost fat mass from T1 to T2 (-1.0 kg, p = 0.003) whereas the MD group did not (-0.5 kg, p = 0.41). The WP group presented greater gains in 1-repetition maximum (1RM) bench press (+4.9 kg) compared with the MD group (+2.3 kg) (p < 0.05). Moreover, the WP group improved agility from T1 to T2 (p = 0.001) whereas the MD group did not (p = 0.38). Both groups equally increased leg press 1RM, vertical jump, and broad jump performances. This study demonstrates that 8 weeks of WP supplementation improves body composition and select performance variables in previously trained female athletes. PMID:26842665

  18. An Experimental Study on Employing Self-study Guidance-style Teaching in Basketball Ski ll Teaching%篮球技术教学中运用自学指导式教学的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯守东; 冯守军

    2001-01-01

    This paper summarizes our thorough experimental study on how to synthetically incre ase the overall qualities of P.E.majors in higher institutions,how to take stude nts as the main body to stimulate their interest and motive in studies and bring every possible factor into play,how to master as quickly as possible basketball theoretical knowledge and basic skills and how to develop and increase their co mprehensive abilities.We are sure this study will also play a positive part in i ncreasing the teaching quality in basketball teaching for non-majors and in bre eding comprehensive talents in this field.%为综合提高高校体育专业学生的整体素质,以学生为主体,激发学生学习兴趣和动机,调动学生学习积极性,尽快掌握篮球理论知识与基本技术,培养和提高学生的综合能力,我们进行了较为深入的教学实验研究,对提高篮球普修课教学质量和培养综合型人才有一定的积极作用.

  19. Influence of Basketball Sports on Prevention and Treatment of College Students' Obsessive Compulsive Disorder%浅谈篮球运动对防治大学生强迫症的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯

    2012-01-01

    Obsessive compulsive disorder is a major manifestation of abnormal psychology, and accounted for a high proportion in college students' psychological abnormalities. It is one of the main factors influencing college students completing their studies. In the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder, in addition to drug treatment and psychological treatment, in recent year, exercise therapy has got attention by a lot of obsessive compulsive disorder patients. This paper, from the feature of basketball sports, taking the student's popularity and fitness values as breakthrough, points out that the basketball sports has positive effect on treating the obsessive compulsive disorder.%强迫症是心理异常一个主要表现,在大学生心理异常方面占很高的比例,是影响大学生正常完成学业的一个主要因素。在强迫症的治疗上,除了药物治疗和心理治疗以外,近年来,运动疗法也受到了很多强迫症患者的关注。本文从篮球运动的特点、在大学生的普及程度和健身价值入手理,分析了篮球运动在治疗和预防强迫症方面具有一定的积极效果。

  20. Survey on Basketball Players' Cognitive Differences in the Leadership Behaviour of Their Coaches%篮球运动员对教练员领导行为的认知差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂芝

    2011-01-01

    文章采用LSS(修订本)量表对高校篮球运动员进行问卷调查,了解目前我国高校男子篮球队教练员的领导行为的现状,分析运动员所喜爱的教练员领导行为和教练员实际的领导行为之间存在的差距,探讨不同特征运动员对教练员领导行为的认知差异。%Adopting LSS(revised) scale,conduct a questionnaire survey among college basketball players to understand the current status of coaches' leadership behaviour of college men 's basketball team in our country,and analyse the existing distance between athletes' favourite leadership behaviour of their coaches and the coaches' actual leadership behaviour.What's more,explore the different characteristics of athletes' cognitive differences in the leadership behaviour of the coaches.

  1. 大学生篮球运动员膝关节损伤分析%Analysis on the Knee Joint Injury of College Student Bas-ketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文以大学生篮球运动员膝关节损伤为研究对象,通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法及实地观察法对大学生篮球运动员膝关节损伤进行分析。结果表明其损伤类型主要有半月板损伤、髌骨劳损、内侧副韧带损伤等,损伤原因主要由膝关节解剖结构与生理特点及训练三方面构成,并为预防损伤提出建议。%In this paper, the knee joint injury of basketball players in colleges is researched by literature, logical analysis and field observations. The results show that the type of injury include meniscus injury, patella strain, medial collateral ligament injury, and so on, and the reasons contain the knee joint anatomical structures, physiological characteristics and the way of basketball training. At last, some proposals are raised.

  2. 第29届奥运会中外男篮进攻能力指标的对比分析%29th Olympic Games Men's Basketball Foreign Comparative Analysis of Indicatiors of Offensive Capability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林华

    2011-01-01

    Participating in the 29th game of the Chinese Olympic men's basketball team in six games with the opponent's offensive statistics and performance techniques, the use of literature, video observation, mathematical statistics, logic, analysis and other methods, as well as individual players on the overall attack Technical indicators for comparative study. Study found that Chinese men's basketball offensive tactics of appropriateness , effectiveness is not strong, attacked the concept itself must combine the characteristics of the players physical confrontation poor, weak fighting sense.%本文对参加第29届奥运会男篮比赛的中国队与对手6场比赛的进攻技术统计数据和表现,运用文献资料、录像观察、数理统计、逻辑分析等方法,对整体以及个别队员的进攻技术指标进行对比研究。研究发现中国男篮进攻战术运用的针对性、实效性不强,攻击理念还须结合本身特点,球员身体对抗能力差。拼搏意识较弱。

  3. 第30届奥运会中国女篮进攻能力分析%Analysis on the Offensive Capability of Chinese Women’s Basketball Team at the 30th Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    By literature consultation, video observation, mathematical statistics and logical analysis, this article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of Chinese women’s basketball team in 2-point and 3-point shot, fast-break, inside and outside attack ability, front court rebounds, assists, offensive mistakes, the second chance points. Through research and analysis, problems about the offensive capability of the Chinese women’s basketball are summed up, and the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions are proposed.%  运用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法,讨论了中国女篮二分球、三分球、快攻、内外线进攻、前场篮板球、助攻、进攻、二次机会得分的优势和劣势,通过研究分析,归纳出中国女篮存在的进攻能力问题,提出了相应的对策与建议。

  4. 影响高校篮球运动员罚球的心理因素分析%Psychological Factors Analysis to Impact College Basketball Players' Free Throws

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蒙

    2014-01-01

    现代篮球从风生水起的NBA到奥运会赛场,再到其他各个级别的国内联赛,罚球导致的胜负有所增多。心理素质的水平就比技术水平以及身体素质更加重要。方法采用问卷调查法,文献资料和数理统计法,结果从心理学的角度对影响篮球罚球命中率的心理了进行分析与研究。%Modern Basketball from NBA to the Olympic stadium, and then to various other levels of the domestic league, winning free throws lead to somewhat increased. Level of psychological quality is even more important than the technical level as well as physical fitness. Methods A questionnaire survey, literature and mathematical statistics, results from a psy-chological point of view of the impact of basketball free throw percentage of psychological analysis and research.

  5. Study on High School Students' After-class Basketball Activity in Hongtong County%洪洞县高中学生课余篮球活动现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文忠

    2011-01-01

    With the methods of documents consultation, qustionnaires, logical analysis and data statastics,the study investigated and analyzed the awareness to value of after-class basketball activity, its countents and organi- zing styles, attending frequency, attending motivations, sex ratio and its acting factors of high school students, who were from Hongtong county, Shanxi provience. Some proposals were also put forward in order to offer some theoretical foundation for high school students from Hongtong county to conduct after-class basketball activity.%采用文献资料、问卷调查、逻辑分析、数理统计等研究方法,对洪洞县高中学生从课余篮球活动的价值认知、开展内容与组织形式、参加时间与频率、参与动机、男女比例及影响因素等进行调查与分析,并提出建议,旨在为洪洞县高级中学高中学生课余篮球活动的开展提供参考。

  6. Investigation and Analysis on Current Situation of Ankle Injuries in Basketball%篮球运动中踝关节损伤现状调查及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田江涛; 马春伟; 傅江; 邓清哲

    2012-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review, interview and mathematical statistics, this paper analy- zes the rehabilitation after ankle injuries in basketball, the emergency treatment of trauma, adjuvant therapy and system maintenance. The result shows that basketball ankle injury occurs with higher frequency. Based on existing problems, recovery physical therapy is put forward. The main purpose is to provide theoretical basis for rehabilitation after injury.%本文采用问卷调查法、访谈法及数据统计法,对篮球运动中踝关节损伤后的康复情况、伤后伤者对应急治疗、辅助治疗及系统的养护缺乏科学合理的认行分析,发现篮球运动中踝关节的损伤发生频率较高,但损伤后伤者积极参加治疗及康复练习情况不佳。本文针对以上问题提出了相应的恢复性体育疗法,旨在为踝关节损伤人群采用的伤后恢复手段提供一定的理论参考依据。

  7. 公共体育课业余篮球裁判员教学优化研究%The Optimizing Research On The Teaching Of The Amateur Basketball Referee in Public Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李加鹏

    2012-01-01

    通过对公共体育课业余篮球裁判员的有关裁判员的执法形象、心理素质、教学手段、执法实践、考核评价制度等方面的研究,旨在进一步提高大学生业余篮球裁判员比赛执法水平,丰富大学生业余体育生活,推动校园篮球文化建设,减少球场争议与球场暴力事件的发生,共同促进和谐校园体育文化建设。%This paper studies on some accepts of amateur basketball referee,such as executive image,psychological quality,means of instruction,executive practice,institution of examination and evaluation.With a view to improving the executive standard and enriching the physical activities of amateur basketball referee in university.Prompting the cultural development in university,as well as reducing the occurrence of violence and controversy in filed.Joining together to prompt the development of sports culture in university.

  8. Present Situation and Influence Factors of Basketball Training Market in Sichuan Province%四川省篮球培训市场的现状及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田虹; 周阳

    2014-01-01

    篮球培训市场对推动群众体育具有十分重要的作用,特别是对促进青少年体育的发展和对学校体育的补充具有积极意义。采用问卷调查和统计分析的方法对四川省篮球培训的供需双方、价格机制、供需机制、市场媒介等方面的现状进行了研究,发现:四川的篮球培训市场供给主体以私营培训机构为主;需求主体以青少年居多,需求表现出多样化的特点;培训水平和场地成本决定了价格因素;成都市供需均衡对价格影响较大,其他城市供需均衡因素对价格的影响较小;市场媒介较单一,局限于传统模式。此外,还分析了篮球培训市场发展的其他影响因素,以期对相关主管部门的政策制定及体育培训相关机构的发展有所裨益。%Basketball Training Market is essential to promete mass sports, it has postive meaning to the develop-ment and optinize of sports, especially for teevogert and schools. This paper adopts the methods of questionnaire investi-gation and statistical analysis to research the supply and demand of basketball training, the price mechanism, supply and demand mechanism, the present situation of the market medium and so on in Sichuan Province, finding that Sichuan basketball training market supply is mainly dominated by private training institutions. The main demand comes from teenagers with diversified characteristics. The price factors are determined by both training level and venue costs. In Chengdu, the balance of supply and demand decides the prices, while it is not so obvious in other cities. The market media seem to be limited with only traditional patterns.

  9. 近10年中国男篮技战术风格变化研究%Tactic style changes of Chinese Men’s Basketball in the last decade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董顺波

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料、观察、分析等研究方法,对2004年到2013年中国男篮技战术风格的变化进行了研究,研究认为:以2008年北京奥运会为节点,中国男篮的技战术打法经历了以姚明为核心、“以内为主、内外结合”,到无姚明时的多人打球、多点进攻的转变,主要影响因素是尤纳斯和邓华德执教理念的不同及姚明的退役;队员比赛作风大起大落,在奥运会和亚锦赛的表现判若两队,个别队员敬业精神不强。建议重视本土教练员培养、科学选拔运动员和加强队伍作风建设,尽快形成自己的技战术风格。%Through the methods of documentation,observation survery and correlation analysis, this thesis makes a study of the style changes in techniques and tactics of Chinese Men ’s Basketball from 2004 to 2013. The study suggests that the tactics of Chinese Men’s Basketball goes through a transition from the inside-out scheme with the priority of inside and Yao Ming as the core,to multi-player involved in multi-point attack without Yao with the node of the 2008 Olympic Games. The principal influence factors that caused such a transition are the different teaching concepts of Jonas Kazlauskas and Bob Donewald and Yao Ming’s retirement. There appears the situation of big rise and fall in the players’style. It seems that they are two different teams according to their different performances in the Olympic Games and Asian Championships. And a few players are weak in professional dedication spirit. Therefore,a proposal is given that Chinese Men ’s Basketball team should value the training of native coaches,make a scientific selection of players and reinforce the style construction of the team in order to develop their own specific style of tactics.

  10. The Analysis on the Factors of Chinese Male Basketball Team's Becoming World Strong Team%影响中国男篮成为世界强队的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晗

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature review,video observation,statistics,comparison and other research methods,we do analysis on the disparity between Chinese basketball team and the World Champion from the following four areas: line-up structure,offensive ability,defensive ability,physical fitness and quality.The results show that the main reasons of the disparity lies in the overall unbalanced strength of the Chinese Basketball team,the lack of core competence.Recommendation: Chinese Male Basketball Team should reinforce the back line,promote the balanced development of the three locations,emphasize on speed,strength and other outbreaks of quality training to improve the use of technology under the strong confrontation.Moreover it should strengthen the defense pre-sentence,select defensive position properly,use of peer to defend and increase defensive intensity.%采用文献资料、录像观察、数理统计、比较等研究方法,从阵容结构、进攻能力、防守能力、体能与素质四个方面,对中国男篮与世界强队的差距进行分析。研究结果表明:中国男篮整体实力不均衡;进攻上投篮次数不足,命中率偏低,快攻得分与二次进攻得分较少;防守上抢断球能力偏弱,全场紧逼运用较少,防守强度不对等,是影响中国男篮成为世界强队的主要原因。建议:中国男篮应优先补强后卫线,促进中、前、后三位置的均衡发展;加强防守预判,积极利用同伴协防;重视速度、力量等爆发素质训练,提高强对抗下运用技术的能力。

  11. From the Language Violence to the Spirit Reconstruction:the Media Discourse Reading of the"8 · 9" Incident about the Chinese Men's Basketball Team%从语言暴力到精神重构--中国男篮“8·9”事件的媒体话语解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路云亭

    2014-01-01

    In August 9 ,2013 the Chinese men’s basketball team was defeated in Manila and constituted a media events . The media have playd the important role except for Chinese men's basketball team .The media have appeared healing of con-sciousness by its intropunitive language style in the Chinese men’s basketball events .The comments of the media on the men’s basketball team events mostly with a curse ,curse condemn and color style .The metaphorical vocabulary by the media reflects the witchcraft ritual thinking traces and the symbolic function of negation .Pain thinking determines the media articles’style of the men’s basketball events and the pain thoughts come from the pain memory which belongs to a traumatic memory in history .Blog as a new media is introduced to the analysis of the men's basketball team events and the basketball comments appeared folk ,teasing ,entertainment tendency .Basketball event is not the isolated cases in Chinese sports and the people can see the similar social phenomenon of s Chinese men's basketball events by the factors of ritual cul-ture .%2013年8月9日中国男子篮球队兵败马尼拉事件构成了一种媒介事件。媒体在此风潮中扮演着除却男篮当事人群体之外的第二主体性角色。媒体的自责型语体的出现展示出男篮事件中媒体的自疗伤意识。媒体对男篮在亚锦赛中失利的评论语汇大多带有诅咒、声讨乃至谩骂的色彩,其中以贬低性、诋毁性和问责性格调为主。媒体文章中隐喻语汇体现出巫术仪式思维的痕迹,其对当事人具有象征性否定的功能。痛感思维决定了男篮事件媒体文章的宣泄内质,而痛感思维源于痛感记忆,其在本质上属于一种创伤记忆。博客作为新兴媒介力量,将传统调侃的方式引入到分析男篮事件的行列里,使得篮球评论出现了民间化、戏谑化、娱乐化倾向。男篮事件并非中国体育界的孤例,透过游戏、

  12. Comparative Study of Offensive and Defensive Ability of Chinese Men's Basketball Team——A example of Olympic Games and World Championship%中国男篮攻防能力对比研究——以奥运会和世锦赛为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖

    2012-01-01

    采用文献资料法、数理统计法和比较分析法等方法,对第28、29届奥运会及第14、15届世锦赛中国男篮的攻防能力进行横向和纵向比较分析。研究结果表明:在进攻上,中国男篮和对手存在明显差距的主要原因是2分球的出手次数少,助攻低和失误多;在防守能力上,近两届世锦赛和奥运会,中国男篮的防守技术指标呈现出良好的趋势,同对手的差距在缩小。针对中国男篮的不足提出了一些建议,以期促进篮球运动的可持续发展。%Through document material,data statistics and comparative analysis,I have made a vertical analysis and horizontal analysis for the offensive and defensive ability of chinese men's basketball team in the 28th,29th olympic games and the 14th,15th world championship.the results of the study showing,In term of offence,there are obvious differences in two point shot attemps,assist,turnover.but in the recent two olympic games and world championship,the defensive ability of chinese men's basketball team' s technical specification presents a good trend.The gap between chinese men's basketball team and its opponent is narrowed gradually.As for the present situation of chinese men's basketball Team.I put forward some suggestions about the mechanism reform and institution reform to strengthen chinese men's basketball team's competitive ability.I just put forward some referring ideas for the sustainable development of our country's basketball business.

  13. The Reasons and Prevention of Sports Injury in Basketball Training in Colleges%高校篮球教学训练中运动损伤的成因与预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽娟

    2011-01-01

    本文分析了高校篮球教学训练中运动损伤出现的成因,并对运动损伤的预防提出几点建议,以期到实际教学中,最大限度地降低运动损伤出现几率,保障学生身心健康。%This paper analyzes the teaching and training of college basketball sports injuries occur in the causes and prevention of sports injuries to make a few suggestions,applied to the actual teaching,the maximum reduction in the odds of sports injuries,to protect the health of students.

  14. 风险矩阵法在重庆交通大学篮球赛风险管理的应用%The Applications of Risk Matrix in the Risk Management of Basketball Game at Chongqing Jiaotong Univeristy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李保东; 池洁; 李映龙

    2013-01-01

      内部控制和风险管理是企业成功的基础,风险管理的控制关系到事业的成败。文章提出了一种风险管理的量化模型——风险矩阵法,通过重庆交通大学篮球赛这一活动项目,分析研究此模型在实践中的应用。%Internal control and risk management are the foundation of the success of enterprise, while the control relations of risk management relates to the success or failure of an enterprise. The paper puts forward Risk Matrix, a quantitative model of risk management, and analyzes its applications, based on a basketball game at Chongqing Jiaotong University.

  15. Impact of core strength on exercise performance of Shandong young female basketball players%核心力量训练对山东青年女篮运动员运动表现的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵可伟; 高静宜; 赵辉; 纪晓; 李姗

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate and analyze the role of the core strength training on the team training among young female basketball players of Shandong province. Methods:To take 15 young women basketball players of Shandong province as objects,and the period of team training is two years and a half(30 months). The contents of team training are the core strength training,traditional strength training and special physical training of basketball. A number of indicators after training are compared to those of before training, including Functional Movement Screening( FMS),core strength and intensity jumper rate. Results:1) The capacity of functional exercise has been significantly improved,mainly in the aspects of squats,push - ups and torso rotation stability;2)The four indicators of core strength,such as belly bridge,side bridge,static prone to come forward and 60° V - type balance,have also been significantly improved;3)The jumper shots after strength training have been significantly improved(P = 0. 000). Conclusion:More than two years of core strength training improves core strength and core stability of young female basketball players of Shandong province and also offers a great help to athletes in athletic performance.%目的:探讨与分析核心力量训练在山东省青年女子篮球运动员运动训练过程中的作用。方法:以山东省15名青年女子篮球运动员作为研究对象,系统训练周期为两年半(30个月),训练内容是腰腹核心力量训练与传统力量训练及篮球专项体能训练相结合,训练前、后分别测试功能性运动筛查(FMS)、核心力量评估和强度跳投命中率等多项指标。结果:1)训练前、后 FMS 研究结果比较,被测者的功能性运动能力得到了明显的改善,主要表现在深蹲、躯干俯卧撑和旋转稳定等多个方面;2)腹桥、侧桥、静态俯卧挺身及60°V 型平衡等四项指标,训练前后比较都有显著性提高;3)

  16. Author development of training device for micro-basketball the «Clever ring» as mean of integral psychomotor development of children of 2-5 years old.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakhno E.G.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A technical device is developed for micro-basketball for integral development of children 1-5 years. In research took part 52 children of age-dependent group of 1-2 years, 56 children of 3-4 years, 56 children, 4-5 years. It is suggested to execute throws in a basket from different distance and under a different corner. Also to give up the balls of different color and size in accordance with a color and size of basket from the set initial position. It is marked that exercises with a ball develop an orientation in space, regulate force and exactness of throw, develop measurement with naked an eye, adroitness, speed of reaction; normalize a volitional sphere emotionally. It is set that application of methods with the use of technical device is instrumental in the increase of indexes of physical preparedness and psychophysiological possibilities of children.

  17. Analysis of the Causes of Failure of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in 2012 London Olympic Games%2012年伦敦奥运会中国男篮失利原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超群

    2015-01-01

    通过文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法等研究方法,对2012年伦敦奥运会男篮比赛状况及中国男篮5场比赛各项技术指标与对手进行分析比较,探讨中国男篮失利的主要原因,为中国男篮今后的训练和比赛提供理论参考.%Through the document research,video observation,mathematical statistics and other research methods,the compe-tition situation and technical index and competitors of 5 games of the Chinese men's basketball team at the 2012 London Olympic Games are analyzed and compared,the causes of failure are explored and theoretical reference for further training and competition are provided.

  18. The Research on the Market Operation of Third Wancun Basketball Match of Guangxi%广西万村篮球赛市场运作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席杉杉; 文军

    2011-01-01

    The emerging and development of the market of Guangxi Wancun Basketball Match not only suits the regulation of economic development,but also combines the actual situation of Guangxi's politics and culture.Studying the model of its market operation and ana%广西万村篮球赛市场的形成和发展,不但需要适应经济发展的规律,而且还要与自治区的政治、经济、文化等实际情况相结合。研究当今广西万村篮球赛市场的运作模式,分析其特点,对广西万村篮球赛市场的最佳发展具有重要意义。

  19. CARACTERIZACIÓN DE DEPORTISTAS UNIVERSITARIOS DE FÚTBOL Y BALONCESTO: ANTROPOMETRÍA Y COMPOSICIÓN CORPORAL Characterization of college football athletes and basketball: Anthropometry and Body Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Gil Gómez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    Introducción y Objetivos. Estudio antropométrico de población universitaria, compuesta por deportistas universitarios de ambos sexos participantes en los Campeonatos de España Universitarios 2008 de baloncesto y fútbol. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la composición corporal de los deportistas universitarios de ambos sexos en las especialidades de fútbol y baloncesto.

    Métodos. Se trata de un estudio observacional transversal con mediciones antropométricas directas. Estas se han obtenido siguiendo las normas y técnicas recomendadas por el Grupo Internacional de Cineantropometría.

    Resultados. Las deportistas universitarias en general, presentan mayor porcentaje de peso muscular y de masa grasa, así como menor porcentaje de peso óseo que los deportistas masculinos universitarios. Los baloncestistas masculinos presentan mayor porcentaje de masa grasa y de peso óseo y menor porcentaje de peso muscular que los jugadores de fútbol. Entre las mujeres encontramos que las jugadoras de baloncesto  presentan mayor porcentaje de peso óseo y menor porcentaje de masa grasa y de masa muscular que las jugadoras de fútbol.

    Conclusiones. El nivel competitivo modifica la composición corporal de forma sustancial, fundamentalmente entre el sexo femenino. Es importante disponer de datos de composición corporal a nivel universitario.

    Palabras clave: Composición Corporal, Masa Grasa, Masa Muscular, Peso Óseo, Antropometría.

    Abstract 

    Introduction and Objectives. Anthropometric study of university population, comprising men and women college athletes participating in the Championships of Spain's 2008 College basketball and football. The aim of this study is to describe the body composition of male and female college athletes in football and basketball specialties

    Methods. This is a cross-sectional study with direct anthropometric

  20. 多平台三维篮球运动仿真系统的设计与实现%Design and implementation of multi-platform 3D basketball motion simulation system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张典华; 陈一民

    2014-01-01

    To improve the basketball athlete’s shooting accuracy ,different shot speeds were obtained using Microsoft’s Kinect , and the nonlinear equations was solved ,and the exact solution on the penalty spot relating to the air resistance in different shot heights ,shooting speeds and angles of shots were got .At the same time ,the basketball simulation system was implemented using the 3D game engine Unity3D and transplanted to the Windows ,Web ,Mac ,Mac Dashboard and other platform .The system in-cluded the graphical user interface ,level design and animation module .The system was also optimized in terms of texture mapping , animation and collision detection .The system can be used for training athletes .%为提高篮球运动员的投篮精度,利用微软的Kinect获取不同的出手速度,求解非线性方程组,得到在罚球点处有空气阻力情况下不同出手高度、出手速度和出手角的精确解。使用三维引擎 U nity3D开发篮球运动仿真系统,并移植到Windows、Web、Mac、Mac Dashboard等多个平台。该系统从图形用户界面、关卡设计、动画模块等模块入手,对纹理贴图、动画、碰撞检测等问题进行了实现和优化,可辅助运动员进行训练。

  1. MUSCLE ACTIVITY RESPONSE TO EXTERNAL MOMENT DURING SINGLE-LEG DROP LANDING IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS: THE IMPORTANCE OF BICEPS FEMORIS IN REDUCING INTERNAL ROTATION OF KNEE DURING LANDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meguru Fujii

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Internal tibial rotation with the knee close to full extension combined with valgus collapse during drop landing generally results in non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between internal rotation of the knee and muscle activity from internal and external rotator muscles, and between the internal rotation of knee and externally applied loads on the knee during landing in collegiate basketball players. Our hypothesis was that the activity of biceps femoris muscle would be an important factor reducing internal knee rotation during landing. The subjects were 10 collegiate basketball students: 5 females and 5 males. The subjects performed a single-leg drop landing from a 25-cm height. Femoral and tibial kinematics were measured using a 3D optoelectronic tracking system during the drop landings, and then the knee angular motions were determined. Ground reaction forces and muscle activation patterns (lateral hamstring and medial hamstring were simultaneously measured and computed. Results indicated that lower peak internal tibial rotation angle at the time of landing was associated with greater lateral hamstring activity (r = -0.623, p < 0.001. When gender was considered, the statistically significant correlation remained only in females. There was no association between the peak internal tibial rotation angle and the knee internal rotation moment. Control of muscle activity in the lateral to medial hamstring would be an important factor in generating sufficient force to inhibit excessive internal rotation during landing. Strengthening the biceps femoris might mitigate the higher incidence of non-contact ACL injury in female athletes

  2. Design and implementation of multi-platform 3D basketball motion simulation system%多平台三维篮球运动仿真系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张典华; 陈一民

    2014-01-01

    为提高篮球运动员的投篮精度,利用微软的Kinect获取不同的出手速度,求解非线性方程组,得到在罚球点处有空气阻力情况下不同出手高度、出手速度和出手角的精确解。使用三维引擎 U nity3D开发篮球运动仿真系统,并移植到Windows、Web、Mac、Mac Dashboard等多个平台。该系统从图形用户界面、关卡设计、动画模块等模块入手,对纹理贴图、动画、碰撞检测等问题进行了实现和优化,可辅助运动员进行训练。%To improve the basketball athlete’s shooting accuracy ,different shot speeds were obtained using Microsoft’s Kinect , and the nonlinear equations was solved ,and the exact solution on the penalty spot relating to the air resistance in different shot heights ,shooting speeds and angles of shots were got .At the same time ,the basketball simulation system was implemented using the 3D game engine Unity3D and transplanted to the Windows ,Web ,Mac ,Mac Dashboard and other platform .The system in-cluded the graphical user interface ,level design and animation module .The system was also optimized in terms of texture mapping , animation and collision detection .The system can be used for training athletes .

  3. 第30届奥运会中国女篮比赛失利技术统计分析研究%Statistical Analysis of the 30 th Olympic Games Chinese Female Basketball Team’ s Technical Failures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩

    2015-01-01

    采用统计法、文献资料法、专家访谈法对第30届奥运会中国女篮比赛失利的技术指标进行统计分析,认为中国女篮在助攻数据上存在显著性差异,抢断数据存在非常显著性差异;运动员平均年龄较轻,身高上具有一定优势,但力量相对较差,对抗能力较弱;心理素质和对节奏的掌控、自我调节能力相对比较差,积极主动性不高;个人补、协防意识和技术较差,整体防守的积极主动性、攻击性不强。%On the basis of statistics , literature review and expert interview , this study statistically analyzes the 30th Olympic Games Chinese female basketball team ’ s tactic failures.The conclusions are: Chinese basketball team’s data of assists exhibit significant disparities;the data of steals exhibit highly significant disparities;the ath-letes’ average age is comparatively young;their heights are an advantage , but comparatively weak in physical and offensive strength;the athletes exhibit relatively weak mental strength , rhythm control , self-adjusting ability and aggressiveness;weaknesses are found in the aspects of individual fill-in and double-cover awareness and technique;the whole team exhibit lack of aggressiveness in defense and attack .

  4. 从第29届奥运会看世界男子篮球运动的发展趋势%The Development Trend of the World Man Basketball from the Perspective of the 29th Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何斌; 董满秀

    2009-01-01

    采用文献资料、录像观察和数理统计法,对第29届奥运会男篮比赛进行分析,研究结果表明:当代男子篮球运动的呈现出以下发展趋势,不同技术流派相互融合;球队身高趋于整体高大化;强调力量素质,身体对抗激烈;攻防转换快速,提倡在强对抗下的快速进攻;防守攻击性增强;球员技术全面,位置模糊化;投篮准确性提高,三分球作用加强;掩护配合使用频繁.%By using the method of document, video observing and mathematical statistics, this paper analyzes the man basketball matches of the 29th Olympic Games. The result shows that the world man basketball has the following development trends at present: different technology styles are blended with each other; the team height becomes high in its entirety; the strength quality is emphasized and body contact is fierce; the change between offense and defense is quick and it is advocated to quickly offense in intense antagonism; the aggressive defense is strengthened; the player skill is all-round and the player's location becomes unclear; the accuracy of shoot improves and the effect of three-mark ball is reinforced; the screen cooperation is used frequently.

  5. Personality and technical characteristics for women basketball players%高校女子篮球运动员人格与技术特点相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晋

    2012-01-01

    运用艾森克人格问卷简式量表(EPQ—RSC),对第十二届CUBA中国大学生篮球联赛女子八强队伍进行测查。结果表明:1)得分、三分球命中率、二分球命中率、失误与运动员艾森克N维度呈现显著性相关,罚球命中率、助攻与艾森克E维度呈现显著性相关,助攻、失误与艾森克P维度呈现显著性相关;2)粘液质、多血质球员在得分方面高于抑郁质与胆汁质,多血质与胆汁质球员三分球命中率、二分球命中率方面高于另外两种类型球员。结论:N维度低分运动员情绪较为稳定,是球队的核心人选,得分手以及二分球选手也都属于情绪稳定性;粘液质、多血质球员是球队的主要得分手,多血质与胆汁质球员是三分射手的优秀人选。%With Eysenck personality questionnaire skeleton symbol meter(EPQ-RSC),it made an analysis of the 12th Chinese university basketball league CUBA in the first eight women's team.The result indicated: 1) The score,the three-pointer hit probability,two point ball hit probability and the fault showed significant correlation with athletes' neuroticism.The penalty kick hit probability and the secondary attack were significantly related with athletes' introversion-extroversion.The secondary attack and the fault were related with psychoticism;2) The phlegmatic and the sanguine type player is higher than the melanoholic type and the choleric temperament in the score aspect,plethora and the choleric temperament player three-pointer hit probability,and two point ball hit probability aspect is higher than other two type player.Conclusion: The N dimension(neuroticism) low score athlete mood is stabler,is team's core candidate.Two point ball contestant also belongs to the mood stability.The phlegmatic,the plethora player is team's main scorer,the plethora and the choleric temperament player is three point shooter's outstanding candidate.

  6. Coaching of the young basketball players of Sabonis basketball center

    OpenAIRE

    Matulaitis, Kęstutis

    2013-01-01

    Relevance of the topic. Lithuania is not a large country and sports talents are not emerging very often. It does not depend on the social or economic situation of the country (Schnabel et al., 1994; Cedaro, 2000; Carling et al., 2009). When giving the opportunity for the talent to achieve positive results in sports, the talented personalities have to be selected, the purposeful training program has to be concluded as well as the monitoring of the practical implementation of the program has to...

  7. 高校体育专业篮球课学生运动损伤情况的调查与研究——以漳州师范学院为例%Professional Basketball Class College Sports Injuries of the Student Movement and Research Survey——For Example to Zhangzhou Normal University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱晓桦

    2011-01-01

    本文主要运用了文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法、数理统计法等研究方法,对漳州师院体育系篮球专项学生的运动损伤情况进行调查.通过调查发现:我系篮球专项学生的运动损伤情况较严重,发生损伤的部位多集中在踝部和膝部.发生损伤的原因主要有:旧伤病未痊愈、准备活动不充分等.结合我系篮球专项学生运动损伤的特点,提出相关的预防措施和建议,为减少运动损伤的发生,保证我院篮球运动的正常开展提供科学的依据.%This paper used the literature,questionnaire survey,interview,mathematical statistics and other research methods,Department of Zhangzhou Teachers College Sports basketball sports injuries specific students to investigate the situation.Through the survey found that: I was a special student basketball sports injury is more serious,the site of injury occurs more concentrated in the ankle and knee.Main causes of injury occurs: the old injury has not healed,insufficient preparation and so on.Department of basketball with my students in the special characteristics of sports injuries,preventive measures and make relevant recommendations to reduce the incidence of sports injuries,to ensure that our hospital provides the normal development of basketball Scientific basis for.

  8. Research on the Attack and Defense Technique of Chinese Team and the Four Strong Teams in Women Basketball Match in the 30th Olympic Game%第30届奥运会女子篮球比赛四强与中国队攻防技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟淑波

    2012-01-01

    对第30届奥运会篮球比赛四强与中国女篮攻防技术统计数据分析发现,与世界强队相比,中国队在篮板球和抢断球以及封盖等方面有待提高;面对对手压迫性的防守,进攻时投篮命中率较差;没有充分发挥外围的进攻优势。这些都是导致中国女篮未能实现历史性突破的重要原因,同时也指出了中国女篮今后的努力方向。%In this paper, the statistical data of attack and defense technique of Chinese team and the four strong teams in women basketball match in the 30th Olympic game is analyzed. It is discovered that compared with world strong teams, Chinese women basketball team still has some disadvantages, such as: the rebound, ball hawk and enclosing cover should be improved; the shooting average in attack was low when the players faced oppressing defense; the attack advantages of exterior-line wasn't play fully. The above advantages were the important reasons of bad competition results achieved by Chinese women basketball team in the 30th Olympic game. At last, the striving direction of Chinese women basketball team in future is pointed out.

  9. Analysis of the Techniques and Tactics of the “Defeat in Czech” of the Chinese Women's Basketball Team in the 16th World Championships%中国女篮“兵败捷克”的技战术因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周智星; 郑尚武; 周勇

    2012-01-01

    Through methods of data statisticis, impact analysis and so on, 3-field performances of the group stage of the Chinese women's basketball team in the 16th session of the women's Basketball World Championship were analyzed. The result shows: the principle "sacrificing more, Using less" of the head coach in the player employment, the weakness of players in assisting each other, the out-of-control of re- bounds and the lack of physical fitness are important technical and tactical factors leading to the failure of Chinese women's basketball team. Accordingly, a number of recommendations are made to the Chinese wom- en's basketball team: strengthening the building of reserve forces; strengthening the youth skills training, strengthening physical fitness exercise; building a system of offensive and defensive attack with internal and external balance according to the characteristics of the team.%通过数据统计、影像分析等方法,对参加第16届女篮世锦赛中国女篮的3场小组赛进行分析,结果发现:主教练“弃多、用少”的用人原则.球员助攻能力弱,篮板球失控和体能不足。是导致中国女篮失利的重要技战术因素.据此,对中国女篮提出了一些建议:加强后备力量的建设;强化青少年基本功训练;加强身体素质练习;根据球队特点构建内外平衡的攻防攻体系.

  10. Survey and Analysis of Vocational College Students Basketball Injury-Taking Fujian International Business and Economic College as an example%高职院校篮球运动损伤的现状调查与分析--以福建对外经济贸易职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄学娥; 蔡青松

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, literature, questionnaires, statistics and other research methods, Fujian Foreign Economic and Trade Vocational and Technical College basketball fans as the research object in motion injuries related to investigate the situation, and the reasons and from sports injuries prevention proceed to analyze, for the majority of basketball enthusiasts to provide some help to reduce and prevent sports injuries, promote the development of the school basketball.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等研究方法,以福建对外经济贸易职业技术学院的篮球爱好者为研究对象,对相关在运动中受伤情况进行调查,并从运动损伤的原因及预防着手进行分析,为广大篮球运动爱好者提供一些帮助,减少和避免运动损伤的发生,促进学校篮球运动的发展。

  11. 篮球技术学习中成败归因研究%The Relationship of Attributional style And Achievement Motivation in Basketball Skill Learning of Physical Faculties Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董圣学; 郭金贵; 徐海云

    2012-01-01

    It used the questionnaire method and mathematical statistics method to investigate the relationship of academic achievement motivation and attribution of physical faculties' students.The analysis shows:(1) The attribution style of basketball learning of physical students,in the successful scene,they tent attribute their success to the internal,uncontrollable,stable reason.In the failure scene they tent to attribute their failure to the internal,controllable,instable reason.In the successful scene,the students of sport training and physical education had significant differences in ability,effort and learning strategies.In the failure scene,they had significant differences in ability.interests,learning environment and learning strategies.(2) The pursuit of success motivation is greater than the motive to avoid failure in the basketball skills learning for physical faculties students.The achievement motivation had no significant differences between the students of sports training and physical education.(3) In the basketball skill learning of physical faculties' students,in the successful scene,pursuiting success significantly associated with ability,efforts,learning environment and avoiding failure significantly associated with interest and learning environment.In the failure scene,pursuiting success was significantly associated with efforts and avoiding failure significantly associated with interest,teaching factors,task difficulty and luck.%采用问卷法、数理统计法对体育系学生的学业成就动机及归因倾向进行了调查分析。分析表明:(1)体育院系篮球技术学习归因倾向:在成功情景下,倾向于内部的、不可控的、稳定的归因;在失败情景下,倾向于内部的、可控的、不稳定的归因。在成功情景下,运动训练和体育教育专业的学生在能力、努力、学习策略三项归因倾向上存在显著差异;在失败情景下,运动训练和体育教育专业的学

  12. Experimental Research on "Stratification Teaching"under the Guidance of the Theory of College Basketball Teaching%“分层教学”理论指导下高校篮球课教学实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何秋鸿

    2014-01-01

    This paper mainly studies the basketball sports teaching in Chongqing Jiaotong University by adopting literature research,questionnaire,Delphi method,mathematical statistics,and so on.Participants were 6 basketball classes from Chongqing Jiaotong University in grade 2012,3 classes as the experimental group by stratification teaching,and the other as the control group by traditional teaching.The result shows that the percentage of excellence and good level and the interest of students were greatly improved in the stratification teaching group. The survey statistics showed that the students in layer group showed the improvement on enthusiasm,self-confidence and the level of auto-learning,and so on.%本文运用了文献资料法、问卷调查法、实验法、数理统计法等科学研究方法,以重庆交通大学篮球选项课2012级男生为研究对象进行分层教学研究,在2012级篮球选项班中选取6个教学自然班,其中3个班作为实验组采用分层教学模式教学,另外3个班作为对照组采用其他方式教学。实验前后数据对比显示:实验班学生对篮球运动的学习兴趣,学习态度和学习篮球中所表现的积极性、自信心和自主学习能力明显提高;采用分层教学的学生达到优秀和良好等级的百分率较对照班更为显著。

  13. 多元智能理论在体育院校篮球专项教学中应用的策略%Application and Strategy of Multiple Intelligences Theory in Specific Teaching of Sports College Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾丽娟; 吴鲲

    2012-01-01

    With its rich connotation of education, the multiple intelligences theory provides new ideas for basket- ball elective curriculum teaching in physical education institutes. The strategy of the application of multiple intelli- gence theory in basketball special teaching in physical education institutes include the positive talent - oriented standpoint which advocates students being the main body. According to the different characteristics of the intelli- gences, curriculum and innovative teaching methods are designed as well as the multivariate multidimensional e- valuation standpoint is built.%多元智能理论以其丰富的教育内涵为体育院校篮球专选课程教学提供了新思路。多元智能理论在体育院校篮球专项教学中的应用策略包括倡导以学生为主体的积极人才观;根据智能的不同特点设计课程,创新教学观;建立多元多维的评价观。

  14. An Experimental Research on Basketball Feedback Approach in University%普通高校篮球选项课“反馈教学法”实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武笑玲; 高茂章

    2011-01-01

    The effects of feedback approach on students' sports skills,theoretical knowledge,comprehensive competence,etc,and feasibility and chief advantages of the approach are explored based on one-academic-year basketball event-selective course teaching experiment done by selecting two classes of grade 2009 randomly.The results indicate that,compared with traditional approaches,feedback approach is more beneficial in improving students' sports skills,theoretical knowledge,and their ability to analyze and solve problems.%本文通过随机抽取2009级两个教学班进行一学年的教学实验,来研究探讨反馈教学法应用在普通高校篮球选项课教学中对学生运动技能、理论知识、综合能力等方面的影响以及在教学中的可行性和主要优势。实验结果表明:反馈教学法比传统教学法更有利于提高学生的运动技能、理论知识水平和观察分析解决问题的能力。

  15. Analysis of Current Situation and Development Strategy of Chinese Men’s Basketball Team from London Olympic Games%从伦敦奥运会看中国男篮的现状与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟杰

    2013-01-01

    采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法及逻辑分析法,对比分析了第30届伦敦奥运会中国男篮与八强队伍的比赛情况,找出了中国男篮与世界强队的差距,并根据存在的队伍断层、技战术打法不合理、对抗性弱等问题,找出了相应的对策。%Using literature material method, video observation, mathematical statistics method and logic analysis method, the competition situation of Chinese men’s basketball team and the final eight in the 30th London Olympic Games is analyzed, and the disparity is found out. According to the problems of talent fault, irrational technique and tactics and weak antagonism, etc al, the corresponding solutions are proposed.

  16. 中国男篮与世界优秀男篮的差距及提升建议——基于第30届伦敦奥运会男篮技术统计数据的比较与分析%The Gap and the Advance on Between Chinese Men's Basketball Team and World's Elite Men's Basketball Teams in the 30th Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳; 杨辉

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料调研、数理统计与比较分析方法,对中国男篮在第30届伦敦奥运会的5场比赛技术数据和男篮四强的8场比赛技术数据进行了统计和比较分析,找出当前中国男篮与世界优秀男篮在进攻能力和防守能力上的差距和存在的问题,并针对性地提出了提升中国男篮竞技能力的几点建议.%Making use the method of literature,mathematical statistics and comparative analysis methods,the paper analyze on technical statistics data both Chinese men's basketbal team and the world's elite men's basketbal teams in the 30th Olympic Games,and find out the gap on the Chinese men's basketball team than the world's elite men's basketbal teams,and put forward several suggestions on how to improve the capability of the Chinese men's basketbal team competition.

  17. Hurting of the sports system in China--Comparative contemplation based on LI Yuan Wei’s Basketball World and Loyalty without Regrets:Me and Chinese Football%中国体育制度之伤--《李元伟篮坛风云路》和《忠诚无悔:我与中国足球》的对比思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜勇

    2013-01-01

    By doing a comparative analysis on autobiographies LI Yuan Wei’s Basketball World and Loyalty without Regrets:Me and Chinese Football written respectively by LI Yuan Wei (head of Chinese Basketball Association) and YAN Shi Duo (former head of Chinese Football Association) in such 4 aspects as taking and leaving office, dealing with the media, foreign coaches and coaching environments as well as crisis handling, the author drew the following conclu-sions:1) such an appointment mechanism as“folk rumors+private information disclosure+official appointment”is provided with too many subjective factors, not conducive to basketball and football development in the long run;2)“in-discrete management and execution”has hindered the progress of basketball and football professionalization reform to a certain extent;3) basketball and football management is still mainly based on“people management”, lacking of a“legal system”foundation. Different tracks of football and basketball development in China indicate that seeking development during reform and boosting reform during development is the inevitable way to sports system reform in China.%通过对中国篮坛和足坛前掌门人李元伟与阎世铎的传记(《李元伟篮坛风云路》和《忠诚无悔:我与中国足球》)从上任与卸任、与媒体打交道、外教及执教环境以及危机处理4个方面的对比分析,得出以下结论:1)“民间传言+私露口风+正式委任”的任命机制,存在太多主观因素,从长远看不利于篮球、足球发展;2)“管办不分”一定程度上阻碍了篮、足球职业化改革进程;3)篮、足球管理仍以“人治”为主,缺乏“法制”根基。我国足球、篮球运动发展的不同轨迹表明,在改革中谋求发展,在发展中推进改革,是中国体育体制改革必由之路。

  18. The effect of mobbing behaviors on burnout of women’s basketball playersMobbing davranışlarının kadın basketbolcuların tükenmişliği üzerine etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Türkan Karık

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to examine the effect of mobbing behaviors on the occupational burnout of women’s basketball players. The research mainly looked into the effects of different dimensions of mobbing, namely as person-related mobbing, work-related mobbing and physically intimidating mobbing, on the emergence of emotional/physical exhaustion and devaluation as well as reduced sense of accomplishment among women’s basketball players.  The study used the NAQ-F (Negative Acts Questionnaire—Football scale developed by Yildiz (2015a to measure mobbing and the ABQ (Athlete Burnout Questionnaire scale developed by Raedeke and Smith (2001 to measure burnout. Data was gathered from a sample of basketball players (n=97 in the Turkish Women’s Premier Basketball League. Exploratory factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis were utilized for the evaluation of data. The study indicated that person-related mobbing and work-related mobbing had a significant and positive effect on basketball players’ burnout. The emotional/physical exhaustion of basketball players and reduced sense of accomplishment were found to be affected by person-related mobbing while the development of devaluation was positively correlated only with work-related mobbing.   Özet Bu çalışma, mobbing davranışlarının kadın basketbolcuların mesleki tükenmişliği üzerine etkisinin incelenmesi amacıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu çalışmada temel olarak mobbing boyutlarından olan kişi ilişkili mobbing, iş ilişkili mobbing ve fiziksel korkutucu mobbingin kadın basketbolcuların duygusal tükenmesi, duyarsızlaşması ve başarıda düşüş hissine olan etkisi ele alınmıştır. Çalışmada veri toplama aracı olarak, mobbing için Yıldız (2015a tarafından geliştirilen NAQ-F ölçeği (Negative Acts Questionnaire—Football, tükenmişlik için Raedeke ve Smith (2001 tarafından geliştirilen ABQ ölçeği (Athlete

  19. 第29届奥运会中国男篮与对手组织后卫进攻能力的对比分析%THE 29TH OLYMPIC GAMES CHINA MEN’S BASKETBALL TEAM AND OPPONENTS POINT GUARD OFFENSIVE CAPABILITY ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘民; 刘超峰

    2016-01-01

    篮球组织后卫是全队的灵魂,在比赛中统一队员思想,场上战术组织和指挥起主导作用。通过第29届奥运会中国男篮与对手6场比赛技术统计为依据,对组织后卫得分能力、得分方式、突破能力、争抢进攻篮板球能力、助攻能力进行对比与研究。并运用文献资料法,比较分析法以及数理统计法进行了分析,找出中国男篮组织后卫与对手进攻能力之间的差异。%Basketball guards are the soul of the team,and play a leading role in the unifying thought and commanding the tactics. We study the scoring points,scoring methods,breakthrough capacity,the capacity of offensive rebound competition,and the assistant ability based on the statistics of 6 matches for the Chinese menˊs basketball team in 29th Olympic Games. The methods of literature,comparative analysis,and mathematical statistics are used to identify the difference in the ability between Chinese menˊs basketball guards and opponents.

  20. A Comparative Analysis of Offensive and Defensive Techniques of the Main Defenders from Chinese and Foreign Women's Basketball Teams--Taking the 30th Olympic Games in London for Example%中外女篮主力后卫队员攻防技术对比分析--以第30届伦敦奥运会为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊

    2013-01-01

    This article, through literature consultation, video observation, mathematical statistics and comparative analysis, makes a study of the offensive and defensive techniques of the main defenders from Chinese and foreign women’s basketball teams in the 30th Olympic Games in London. Results show that, compared with the powerful teams in the world, the main defenders of the Chinese women’s basketball team need to improve their techniques of shooting, rebounds, stealing the ball, block shots and organization. And when facing the opponents’ oppressive defense, the Chinese basketball players have poor shooting and can not give full play to the peripheral offensive advantage.%  运用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、对比分析法,对第30届奥运会中外女子篮球主力后卫攻防技术指标进行研究分析。结果表明:与世界强队相比,中国女篮的主力后卫队员在投篮技术运用、篮板球、抢断球、盖帽与组织技术等方面有待提高。而且当面对对手压迫性防守时,进攻投篮命中率较差,并没有充分发挥外围的进攻优势。

  1. 2012年篮球规则的变化对我国备战奥运会影响及对策研究%The Influence of Changing in 2012 Basketball Rule on Preparing Olympics for China and Its Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩政

    2012-01-01

    By studying the 2012 major changes in the rales of basketball, as well as the structure of the impact of applied technology research, it concluded that the new rule changes to the content to a certain extent, will help raise the level of basketball,so that the competition more intense, more viewing, and the new rules for the athletes technical and tactical training structure of the system had a major impact. In order to improve the level of our basketball, we should carefully study the new rules, timely adjust technical training methods, play to their strengths avoiding weaknesses. We have to lay a solid foundation for achieving outstanding achievements in The London Olympics of 2012%通过对2012年篮球规则的主要变化以及对运动员应用技术结构的影响进行研究,研究认为新规则内容的改动在一定程度上有利于篮球运动水平的提高,使比赛更加激烈,更具有观赏性,新规则对于运动员技、战术训练结构体系产生了重要影响,我国篮球应认真研究新规则内容,及时调整训练技术方法,扬长避短发挥自己的优势,为备战2012年伦敦奥运会,取得优异成绩奠定基础.

  2. From the Myth of Level Playing Fields to the Reality of a Finite Planet; Comment on “A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States’ National Basketball Association’s Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent”

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald Labonté

    2016-01-01

    Despite the mythology that the global economy with its trade rules creates a ‘level playing field,’ international trade has never involved ‘level players.’ The inequalities in outcomes generated by the more powerful winning more frequently has led to innovative ideas for ex post redistribution to make the matches between the players both fairer, and in the analogy to basketball used by the authors, more interesting and even more competitive. The proposal for a Global Social Protection Fund, f...

  3. 第17届仁川亚运会中国男篮主要技术指标分析%On the Key Technical Indices of the Chinese Men’s Basketball Team at the 17 th ASIAN GAMES INCHEON 20 1 4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗梦菲

    2015-01-01

    运用录像观察法、录像统计法等,对第17届亚运会中国男篮各场比赛进行技术统计分析。结果显示:这届亚运会中国男篮在2分球得分、篮板球能力、助攻能力上与对手相比处于优势;但在罚球能力、抢断能力上与对手相比处于劣势;在具体的比赛中,缺乏经验,缺乏磨合,对比赛的反应调整能力不足。为此认为中国男篮应加大罚球练习力度,减少犯规与失误,探索出适合中国男篮运动员身体素质和技术特点的篮板球技战术,中国篮协在男篮主教练选聘上谨慎行事,选择好主教练,促进中国的篮球运动更好的发展。%Video observational Method,video statistics method were adopted in conducting a technical analysis of the Chinese Men’s Basketball in the 17th Asian Games,Incheon 2014.The results showed that the Chinese Men’s basketball team excels in the 2 pointer,rebounds,assistances;while they are weak in free throw shot,steals;in the games,the Chinese play-ers were found to be rather inexperienced,weak in their teamwork and adj ustment capability.Therefore some suggestions are put forth:the strengthening of free throw practice;the reduction of fouls and turnovers;the exploration of strategies and tac-tics for improving the basketball rebounds which fit the Chinese players’physique and skill features;More prudence in the choice of coaches;so as to prompt the development of basketball.

  4. 第30届奥运会各篮球参赛队攻防实力的对比研究%The Comprehensive Strength of the Chinese Men’s Basketball Team in the 30 th Olympic Games Analy-sis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王太付; 杜少武

    2015-01-01

    为了找出中国男篮的优势和不足及提供中国男篮重返世界8强有针对性理论依据。本文运用“RSR综合评价”为主的研究方法对第30届奥运会12支男子篮球队的攻防水平进行量化评价。研究显示:进攻RSR、防守RSR、攻防RSR都能反映球队的各自实力,而各参赛队的进攻、防守、攻防实力所属洲际区域仍错综复杂;中国队在进攻指标方面与世界8强对手相比,中国男篮得分方式明显单一,进攻欲望较弱(前场篮板低),战术素养较低;中国队球员防守的区域责任分工不均衡,团体防守战术较差及自信心起伏较大;灰色关联分析可以揭示了中国队战绩的主导因子。%o find out the advantages and disadvantages of Chinese men’s basketball and men’s basketball team re-turn to the world to provide China targeted eight strong theoretical basis. In this paper,“RSR comprehensive as-sessment” based on offensive and defensive level research methods 30 th Olympic Games men’s basketball team’s 12 quantified evaluation. Study:Attack RSR,defensive RSR, RSR can reflect their offensive and defensive strength of the team, and each team’s offensive, defensive, offensive and defensive strength intercontinental region still belongs intricate;the Chinese team on the offensive indicators compared with the world’s top 8 competitors Chinese men’s basketball scoring obvious single desire to attack weak( low rebounds) ,the lower tactical ability;the region-al division of responsibilities between the Chinese team defensive player is not balanced,groups of poor defensive tactics and confidence undulating;gray correlation analy-sis can reveal the Chinese team record dominant factor.

  5. The analysis of the cause and prevention strategies for common sports injuries in students' basketball%大学生篮球运动中常见运动损伤原因分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆海勇

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the causes and prevention strategies for common sports injuries in students' basketball. METHODS A total of 800 students took survey questionnaire, and 766 cases of valid questionnaires were retrieved. The related factors of sports injuries were analyzed. RESULTS In the 766 respondents, 667 (87.08%) students had experienced with sports injuries, 245 of which were females. The risk of sports injury occurred in females was 80.07%, accounting for 36.73% in total case of the sports injury. 422 males reported sports injury and the prevalence of sports injury was 91.74%, accounting for 63.27% in the total case of sports injury. Lack of warm-up activities was the most common cause of injury, followed by the reasons of the site factors, the fatigue, and overloading. The most common sports injuries occurred in extra-curricular activities, while the damage happened in sports training was rare. The season of injury was winter, followed by autumn, summer and spring. The most common site of injury was the ankle. The sprain was the most common, followed by the relatively small strains and bruises, fractures and dislocation. CONCLUSION The school should prepare a secure hardware environment for students, and take ideological education. As the college students, they should fully be aware of the risk of their movement, attention, take appropriate preventive measures in the action in terms of ideology, and acquire the appropriate site first aid knowledge so as to minimize the basketball damage.%目的 探讨大学生篮球运动中常见运动损伤原因并提出相应对策.方法 采取随机抽样的方式对800名学生发放问卷调查,回收有效问卷766例,对其运动损伤相关因素进行分析.结果 766名被调查者中667名曾发生运动损伤,占87.08%.其中女生245名,发生运动损伤几率为80.07%,占发生运动损伤的36.73%;男生422名,发生运动损伤几率为91.74%,占发生运动损伤的63.27

  6. 不同节奏下奥运会男篮比赛技术统计差异分析%An analysis of technical statistic differences between Olympic basketball games played at different paces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学领

    2014-01-01

    通过对奥运会男篮比赛在不同节奏下获胜球队和失败球队的数据对比以及不同节奏下技术统计指标的差异分析,探索影响篮球比赛节奏的技术因素及影响比赛胜负的因素;通过中国队与对手的比较,寻找中国队在历届奥运会存在的问题,为今后的训练和比赛提供参考依据。研究结果显示:在较快节奏下胜队更能发挥出实力优势,表现出较高的绩效;在较慢的节奏中弱队能够减少与强队技术统计数据上的差距。2分投、抢断、2分中、失误决定着控球权次数,影响着比赛节奏的快慢。中国队在快节奏比赛中综合表现很差;一般节奏下2分球命中率较低,3分投篮出手机会较少,助攻较少,失误较多;在慢节奏下中国队才能正常发挥自己的水平,胜率较高。%By comparing the data of winning and losing teams in Olympic men’s basketball games played at different paces, and by analyzing technical statistic differences between the games played at different paces, the author probed into basketball game pace affecting technical factors and game outcome affecting factors; by comparing team China with its opponents, the author sought for problems which team China had in all previous Olympic Games, so as to provide a refer-ence criterion for training and competition henceforward. The author revealed the following findings: at a faster pace, the winning teams were more capable of exerting their strength advantage, showing higher performance; at a slower pace, the weak teams could reduce their differences form the strong teams in terms of technical statistic data; two-point shots, steals, two-point winners and turnovers determined the number of ball possessions, affected the pace of a game; in fast pace games, team China had very poor comprehensive performance; at an ordinary pace, team China had a low two-point win-ner rate, few three-point shooting opportunities, few assists

  7. Comparative analysis on the ability of offense and defense between Chinese Man's Basketball Team and its opponents in the 27th Asian Men's Basketball Championship%第27届男篮亚锦赛中国队与对手攻防能力对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦泽方

    2014-01-01

    采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、RSR 综合分析法等方法,对第27届亚洲男子篮球锦标赛的15支参赛球队的整体攻防实力进行 RSR 综合评价,对中国队与9支赛队及其中3强队(击败中国队的伊朗队、韩国队、中华台北队)的攻防能力进行比较分析。结果表明:伊朗队、韩国队、中国队攻防隶属 A 级水平球队;菲律宾队、中华台北队、卡塔尔队、约旦队属 B 级球队;哈萨克斯坦队、巴林队、日本队属于 C 级球队;印度队、沙特队、泰国队属 D级球队;中国香港队和马来西亚队攻防实力最弱,属 E 级球队;中国队攻防较为平衡,但攻略强于防。除罚球命中率外,中国队其它进攻指标均高于9支赛队,且两分球命中率与赛队存在显著性差异;中国队的投篮命中率低于3强队,且总投篮命中率、3分球命中率与3强队存在显著性差异;抢断、盖帽均低于对手,但犯规高于3强队。因此,中国队应提高高速度、强力量对抗中进攻的质量,注重外线队员远投训练,强化拼抢篮板球的意识和技术。%By means of literature materials,video observation,mathematical statistics and RSR analysis,comprehen-sive RSR evaluation is made in terms of the overall offensive and defensive capabilities of the 15 teams participating in the 27th Asian Men's Basketball Championship.Contrastive analysis is made between Chinese Team and competi-tors among which 3 are rather strong teams(beating Chinese Team including Iranian,Korean and Chinese Taipei Teams).The results show that:the offensive and defensive RSR values of Iranian,Korean and Chinese Teams be-long to Grade A,Philippine,Chinese Taipei,Qatar and Jordan Teams belong to Grade B;Kazakhstan,Bahrain and Japanese belong to Grade C;Indian,Kingdom of saud and Thai Teams belong to Grade D,with weakest offensive and defensive capabilities,Chinese Hong Kong and Malaysia

  8. Sports Injury of World Excellent Basketball Players Viewed from Epidemiology%世界优秀篮球运动员运动损伤的流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白银龙; 柳景

    2012-01-01

    运用数理统计等方法对NBA球员运动损伤进行分析,研究表明:NBA篮球运动员运动损伤率排名依次为后卫、前锋、中锋;各部位运动损伤次数依次为脚踝、膝盖、背部等,以拉伤、扭伤为主;各位置球员运动损伤部位差异显著;损伤与运动员年龄、比赛年限相关;高龄球员重复损伤高于年轻球员。建议:按球员位置制定运动损伤预防方案;加强易伤部位训练;合理安排老队员上场时间;积极开展运动员思想教育。%The paper analyses NBA players' sport injuries with statistics and finds out that the sports injury rate position of NBA players is ranked as guards,forwards and center.The frequency of sport injury parts is ranked as ancle,knee and back,mainly caused by strained and sprained.Basketball players in different positions have different sports injury parts..Injuries are related to the players' age and their competition age.Elder players have more repeated injuries young players.The paper advises to make sport injury precaution plans for different positions,to strengthen the practice of the parts which are easily to get injured,to arrange the time of elder players on the court reasonably and to promote ideological educations to the players regularly.

  9. From the Myth of Level Playing Fields to the Reality of a Finite Planet: Comment on "A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States' National Basketball Association's Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2016-02-01

    Despite the mythology that the global economy with its trade rules creates a 'level playing field,' international trade has never involved 'level players.' The inequalities in outcomes generated by the more powerful winning more frequently has led to innovative ideas for ex post redistribution to make the matches between the players both fairer, and in the analogy to basketball used by the authors, more interesting and even more competitive. The proposal for a Global Social Protection Fund, financed by a small tax on the winners to enhance social protection spending for the losers, presumably increasing the latter's capabilities to compete more effectively in the global market game, is one such idea. It has much to commend it. Several problems, however, stand in its way, apart from those inherent within nations themselves and to which the authors give some attention. First, much global trade is now intra-firm rather than international, making calculations of which nations win or lose exceedingly difficult. Second, tax havens persist without the transparency and global regulatory oversights that would allow a better rendering of where winnings are stashed. Third, pre-distribution inequalities (those arising from market activities before government tax and transfer measures apply) are still increasing as labour's power to wrestle global capital into some ameliorative social contract diminishes. Fourth, there are finite limits to a planet on the cusp of multiple environmental crises. These problems do not diminish the necessity of alternative policy playbooks such as the proposed Fund, but point to the need to embrace the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a single set, such that economic growth for the bottom half of humanity includes deep structural reforms to both pre-distribution and redistribution, if the targets for environmental survival are to be met. PMID:26927404

  10. 中国男篮潜在对手斯洛文尼亚队的得分能力研究%Score Capability' s Analysis of Siovenia, the Potential Adversaries about Chinese Men's Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛小犇

    2011-01-01

    作为中国男篮的潜在对手,对参加第35届欧洲男子篮球锦标赛的斯洛文尼亚队进行的全部9场比赛所涉及到得分的技术指标进行数据统计与分析,研究该球队的得分特点及规律.得出该队是以内线进攻为主,球队进入状态较快,首先选择中路进攻,其次是右区,最后是左区;投篮方式主要接球直接投篮和低位背向篮的进攻.%Attending the complete 9 competitions which 35th session of European man basketball championship tournament's Slovenian team,the research is to study the score technical specification on the data statistics and the analysis,and this team ' s score characteristic and the rule. This team is by the inside connection attack primarily. The team enters the condition to be quick, first chooses the middle of the mill attack, next is the right area, finally is the left area. Short distance shooting mainly concentrates under the basket 13 and 14 areas; long-distance range shooting mainly concentrates in 2 areas, 3 areas and 4 areas; The shooting way mainly catches a ball direct shooting and the low position dislikes basket's attack.

  11. An comparative analysis on the offensive capability between Chinese women’ s basketball team and world top3teams at the 30th Olympic Games%第30届奥运会中国女篮与前三名球队进攻能力对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊

    2013-01-01

    运用文献资料、录像观察、数理统计、逻辑分析等研究方法,探讨了中国女篮在第30届伦敦奥运会上2分球、3分球、快攻、内、外线进攻能力、前场篮板球、助攻、进攻失误、二次机会得分的优势和不足。通过研究分析,归纳出中国女篮的进攻能力问题,提出相应的对策与建议。%This article adopts literature consultation , video observation mathematical statistics and logical analysis of Chinese women's basketball, 2-point, 3-point shot,fast -break, inside and outside attack ability , before the market rebounds, assists, offensive mistakes, the score of second chance ,the strengths and weaknesses of the opportunity to score .Through research and analysis , summed up the offensive capability of the Chinese women's basketball , the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions .

  12. 第10届亚残运会中国女子轮椅篮球队比赛技术分析%An analysis on the competitive techniques of China woman wheelchair basketball team in the lOth Asian Para Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜明; 李江; 董浩

    2012-01-01

    By using the methods of documents,video observation and technic statistics,this paper comparatively analyses the technical statistics of China woman wheelchair basketball team and her opponents in the lOth Asian Para Games,and proposes some certain countermeasures,based on the results, in order to provide some references for China wheelchair basketball to develop fast.%采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法等,对第10届亚残运会女子轮椅篮球赛中国队与对手技术指标进行统计分析,结果表明:中国队在罚球命中率、投篮、助攻、前场篮板球和失误上与对手有一定的差距,并对此提出相应对策,旨在为中国轮椅篮球运动的发展提供帮助。

  13. Analysis of Fast Break and Rebounds of China Men,Women's Basketball Team and Opponents in 16th Asian Games%16届亚运会中国男、女篮与对手在后场篮板和快攻方面的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑义

    2011-01-01

    运用文献法,视频法和数理统计法对广州亚运会中国男女篮与对手在后场篮板和快攻方面进行分析得出:中国男篮在后场篮板与对手差距不大,在快攻得分方面发挥不稳定,中国女篮在后场篮板方面远远超过对手,但在快攻方面明显落后于对手。%This paper uses literature method,video method and mathematical statistics method and the Guangzhou Asian Games,Chinese men and women's basketball team rebounds after opponents drawn from the analysis and fast-break aspects: There is little difference between opponents of the Chinese team in rebounds,in fast-break points play unstable,Chinese women's basketball in the area far more than rivals in rebounds,but are obviously behind the opponent in fast break.

  14. The Rise of the Russian Men’ s Basketball Team and its Implications for China---Taking the 30th Olympic Summer Games as an Example%俄罗斯男篮的崛起及其启示--以第30届伦敦奥运会为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪成龙

    2013-01-01

    Using the method of document material , video observation , comparative analysis , it analyzes on Russia and Chinese men basketball team ’ s performance at the 30th Olympic Summer Games and finds the technical gap between them .Through the further exploration of system factors of the Russia rise , it concludes:the Chinese men basketball team should try to achieve the diversification of the talented athletic resource , strive to improve the col-lege students ’ sport level and perfect the CBA league .%采用文献资料、录像观察、比较分析等研究方法对中俄男篮在第30届伦敦奥运会上的表现进行了比较分析,得出中俄男篮在技术层面上的差距。并通过进一步探究保证俄罗斯男篮崛起的制度因素,得出对中国男篮发展的启示:努力实现后备人才培养模式的多元化,大力发展大学生体育运动,全面提高国内联赛水平。

  15. NOTAS PARA LA HISTORIA DEL CENTENARIO DEL BALONCESTO ESPAÑOL. UN DEPORTE ESCOLAR Y POPULAR PARA AMBOS SEXOS (1897-1938 [Notes for the history of the Spanish basketball centenary. A school and popular sport for both sexes (1897-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Torrebadella-Flix

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El baloncesto se introdujo en España como un contenido expreso para atender la educación física escolar. Las ventajas que pedagogos, profesores de educación física, higienistas y militares vieron en este deporte tenían como miras el ser una práctica de equipo con un alto valor cooperativo, poco violento, de ejercicio moderado y completo y, por tanto, higiénico y mejor dispuesto para ambos sexos. Ello hizo que como deporte se alejara de la emergencia aristocrática o burguesa de otros deportes de moda y, que también, se presentará como una alternativa al popular fútbol, en el momento en que adquiría su máxima plenitud como deporte de espectáculo y de masas. AbstractBasketball was introduced in Spanish curricula as a means to promote physical education. Among the benefits identified in this sport by pedagogues, physical education teachers, hygienists and the military highlight those related with the promotion of teamwork competences, high level of cooperation, non-violent, moderate exercise and therefore with strong values for hygiene and available to both genders. These basketball potential educative benefits presented this sport as a valuable alternative to football, at a time that football became a sport of the masses and available to everyone.

  16. The Comparative Analysis of Age, Height,and Skill Data About the Final Eight in the 25th Asian Men's Basketball Championship%第25届男篮亚锦赛前八强队员年龄、身高和技术指标比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗彦平; 梁建平; 周维臻; 宋义

    2011-01-01

    运用文献资料、录像观察、数理统计和对比分析等方法,对第25届男篮亚锦赛前八强运动员的年龄、身高和技术指标进行了比较分析.结果表明:与亚洲男篮前八强运动员相比,中国队在年龄上存在显著性差异(p<0.05),身高方面不存在显著性差异(p>0.05);在相同位置上,后卫的平均得分和抢断存在非常显著的差异(p<0.01),其他指标不存在显著性差异(p>0.05);中锋的平均得分、篮板和盖帽存在非常显著的差异(p<0.01),其他指标不存在显著性差异(p>0.05);前锋位置上平均得分和篮板存在非常显著的差异(p<0.01).在攻防两个方面,各球队在助攻和盖帽上存在非常显著的差异(p<0.01),其他技术指标不存在显著性差异(p>0.05).说明亚洲男篮前八强在位置上各有特色,整体实力均衡,竞争格局呈现多元化发展趋势,改变了过去东亚球队独霸一方的局面.%The thesis deals with the comparative and analysis of age, height, and skill data between Chinese team and the final eight in the 25th Asian men's basketball championship employing multi-methods, such as investigating relevant literature, observing videos, statistically counting, comparatively analyzing, etc. The results demonstrate that the top eight of Asian men's basketball teams have significant difference in age, little difference in height, in the same position, there are big differences in the average score and steal gained by guard, while there are hardly any obvious differences in other aspects;there are big differences in the average scores, backboard, and cap gained by the central forward, while there is not noted difference in other facets; and there are noticeable differences in average scores and backboard concerning forward. In offensive and defensive, there are great differences between each team in assists and cap, but there is little difference in other aspects. It proves that Asian men's basketball

  17. Análisis de la variabilidad entre diferentes situaciones en el lanzamiento de tres puntos en baloncesto. (Analysis of the variability of three-points throwing tasks in basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Moreno Hernández

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa gran cantidad de grados de libertad durante la ejecución de un movimiento deportivo permite describir diferentes niveles de variabilidad. En el estudio del lanzamiento de baloncesto ha existido gran interés por conocer las características de la ejecución óptima del lanzamiento, pero son menos los trabajos que se han interesado en investigar la influencia de la variabilidad en el rendimiento. El presente trabajo pretende conocer cómo afecta a la variabilidad de la ejecución la presencia de un oponente y la modificación de la acción previa al lanzamiento. Diez sujetos ejecutaron veinte lanzamientos de tres puntos, diez lanzamientos en situación denominada estándar, y diez en situación de variabilidad. Distintas variables de la técnica de tiro fueron analizadas mediante técnicas de fotogrametría. Las principales diferencias en la variabilidad del lanzamiento entre ambas situaciones se encontraron para el ángulo de salida del balón y la separación de los pies del lanzador. La comparación entre los sujetos de menor y mayor rendimiento determinó que la variabilidad en la altura del salto es mayor en el grupo de menos éxito. La principal conclusión es que las modificaciones del entorno influyen en la variabilidad del movimiento, por lo que dichas modificaciones deben ser consideradas en las tareas de entrenamiento. AbstractThe great amount of degrees of freedom during the execution of a sport movement allows describing different levels of variability in human movement. Several authors have studied biomechanic characteristics of basketball shoot, but few of them have studied influence of variability on shoot task. The present study tries to know the effects of opponent and previous action on shoot variability. Ten subjects executed twenty three points shoot: ten without constraints, and ten in variability situation. Variability of the shoot was measured by photogrammetry. The main differences between situations were

  18. Status Quo of the Employee Basketball Tournament of Suzhou Industrial Park%苏州工业园区企业职工篮球竞赛的现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙金贤; 陶玉流

    2011-01-01

    运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈调查法等研究方法,对苏州工业园区企业职工篮球竞赛进行了研究。研究认为:(1)目前,苏州工业园区企业职工篮球竞赛的组织比较单一;(2)篮球竞赛运作管理形式主要为政府主办和企业间自发组织两种;(3)篮球竞赛的方法越来越完善,篮球竞赛的规模和影响力也越来越大;(4)企业参与篮球竞赛的组队方式主要有单位组队、单位和自由组队方式相结合两种;(5)影响篮球竞赛进一步发展的因素主要有:领导对于群众体育不够重视、竞赛经费不足、赛前的宣传力度不够、竞赛招标不规范、运行管理形式不完善、一线职工参与篮球运动人数太少等。%By the methods of literature study,questionnaire and interview,the article studies the Employee Basketball Tournament of Suzhou Industrial Park.The result shows that the organization of the Tournament is quite simple.The Tournament is mainly hosted by the government or the enterprises themselves.The ways of competition have become more perfect.The size of the Tournament has become bigger and the influence has spread wider.The participating teams are usually made up by the enterprises or by both the enterprises and employees.The factors restricting the further development of the Tournament include less attention of the leaders toward mass sports,insufficient fund for competition,less promotion before the Tournament,non-standard Tournament tender,imperfect operation style,only a few employees participating in the Tournament,etc.

  19. 篮球队内部球员冲突与满意度:组织公民行为的中介作用%Basketball Team Conflict and Satisfaction: The Mediation of OBC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨尚剑; 孙有平

    2016-01-01

    目的:厘清篮球队内部球员冲突与球员组织公民行为及满意度三者之间的关系,重点检验组织公民行为在球员冲突与满意度关系之间的中介作用. 方法:以国家体育总局篮球高水平后备人才基地U15 年龄层次的336名男子运动员为样本来源,进行球队内部球员冲突量表、球员组织公民行为量表以及球员满意度量表的测试,在此基础上进行统计分析. 结果:球队内部球员冲突对组织公民行为的4个维度均有显著的解释力( R2 =0. 042、0. 166、0. 195和0. 287, P0. 05). 结论:球队内部球员冲突不利于球员做出组织公民行为以及提升球员的满意度,而球员做出的组织公民行为对于提高球员的满意度起着重要的推动作用,球员之间的冲突正是通过降低球员的组织公民行为而进一步对满意度形成负面影响的,即组织公民行为在球队内部球员冲突与满意度之间起到中介作用.%Objective:To discuss the relations between teammate conflict, organizational citizenship behavior ( OCB) and satisfaction. Methods:The study chose 336 U15 high-level male basketball athletes as samples and tested them using teammate conflict scale, athlete OBC scale and athlete satisfaction scale. Results:Team conflict has powerful explanation for OCB (R2 =0. 042, 0. 166, 0. 195, 0. 287,P0. 05). Conclusion:Team conflict was not conducive to the improvement of athlete's OBC and satisfaction, but OBC has a positive effect on satisfaction improvement, and played a me-diation role between team conflict and satisfaction.

  20. Normas de comunicación impresa de las marcas de textil y calzado deportivo en publicaciones de baloncesto. (Print advertising of footwear and apparel sports brands in basketball magazines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Martínez García

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación realiza una descripción de las diferentes formas de comunicación que han realizado las empresas de textil y calzado deportivo en las revistas de baloncesto españolas y publicaciones periódicas en los últimos 32 años (1980-2011. Para ello, se han analizado 3122 ejemplares de publicaciones, que representan más del 97,5% de los números lanzados en todos estos años, además de decenas de entrevistas personales a profesionales vinculados con las marcas y los medios de comunicación. La publicidad, las relaciones públicas y la promoción se entremezclan en un amalgama de opciones que las empresas tienen a su disposición y que, en muchos casos, suelen negociar con las publicaciones para obtener condiciones ventajosas y producir sinergias en la integración de sus decisiones de comunicación. Así, el abanico de posibilidades que esta investigación muestra para ambas partes, marcas y medios de comunicación, es sin duda, una de las principales contribuciones que este estudio aporta al mundo de la gestión y comunicación de marketing en el deporte.AbstractThis research shows in detail the different ways of communication footwear and apparel sports brands have used in basketball magazines and newspapers since 1980. To achieve this aim, 3122 issues of the available publications have been analyzed, which it is more than 97.5% of the total population. In addition several personal interviews have been carried out to executive and practitioners linked with sports brand and mass media. Therefore, this study depicts more than 50 different options brands may use to achieve communication actions, providing an unique resource regarding how brands have made advertising, publicity and promotion within these publications. These three forms of communications interact among them, providing companies multiple options to marketing managers. Within this context, deals between brands and magazines are commonly achieved in order to obtain