WorldWideScience

Sample records for basketball

  1. Basketball Bowling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Chris; Cooper, Michael; Petrie, Heather

    2006-01-01

    Basketball bowling was developed after students in the authors' physical education class participated in a bowling unit sponsored through Bowl America. Basketball bowling is a lead-up activity for elementary-age students that incorporates basic skills from basketball and bowling. The general object of this activity is to be the first team to roll…

  2. Basketball and Poetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coy, John

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of the use of movement in writing classes focuses on a poetry class for eight- to twelve-year-olds that incorporated basketball. Describes listening to the sounds of basketball, recalling memories of basketball, breathing and movement, reading aloud to others, revisions, and public reading for families and friends. (LRW)

  3. Injuries in women's basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trojian, Thomas H; Ragle, Rosemary B

    2008-03-01

    Women's basketball has changed over time. It is a faster paced game than it was 30 years ago. Greatplayers, like Anne Meyers,who was the first, and only, woman to be signed to an NBA contract, would agree today's game is different. The game is played mostly "below the rim" but with players like Candice Parker, Sylvia Fowles and Maya Moore able to dunk the ball, the game is still changing. The one thing that remains constant in basketball, especially women's basketball, is injury. The majority of injuries in women's basketball are similar to those in men's basketball. Studies at the high school and college level show similar injury rates between women and men. ACL injuries are one exception, with female athletes having atwo to four times higher rate ofACL injuries. In this article, we review the common injuries in women's basketball. We discuss treatment issues and possible preventive measures.

  4. Rehabilitation of basketball injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malanga, Gerard A; Chimes, Gary P

    2006-08-01

    Basketball is one of the most popular sports in the United States and throughout the world, and therefore represents one of the most common sources of sports-related injuries. Basketball injuries should be managed by the same general rehabilitation principles as other sports injuries. Additionally, the clinician should be aware not only of general sports injuries but of those injuries most commonly seen in basketball players. By maintaining knowledge of the most common basketball injuries as well as their diagnosis and treatment, the clinician can help to optimize the athlete's return to play and enjoyment of the sport.

  5. Physics of basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brancazio, Peter J.

    1981-04-01

    Does a knowledge of physics help to improve one's basketball skills? Several applications of physical principles to the game of basketball are examined. The kinematics of a basketball shot is studied, and criteria are established for determining the best shooting angle at any given distance from the basket. It is found that there is an optimum shooting angle which requires the smallest launching force and provides the greatest margin for error. Some simple classroom illustrations of Newtonian mechanics based on basketball are also suggested.

  6. Special Basketball Player

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Li Qing, the Beijing Mentally Challcngcd Basketball Tcam guard, plays under the same number as NBA star Kobe - eight. Li and his team enjoy their lives to the full, particularly playing basketball. Their favorite topics of conversation are computer games and NBA stars. Studying and playing basketball are the epicenter of Li Qing’s life. At the training ground, a two hour drive from his home, demands on Li and the rest of the team are as strict as for any sports team. The

  7. Safety Tips: Basketball (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the court, they should always be wearing: Basketball sneakers. The right shoe can go a long way ... some players choose to play in high-top sneakers, but low-rise shoes will suffice. All basketball ...

  8. Optimal Strategy in Basketball

    CERN Document Server

    Skinner, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This book chapter reviews some of the major principles associated with optimal strategy in basketball. In particular, we consider the principles of allocative efficiency (optimal allocation of shots between offensive options), dynamic efficiency (optimal shot selection in the face of pressure from the shot clock), and the risk/reward tradeoff (strategic manipulation of outcome variance). For each principle, we provide a simple example of a strategic problem and show how it can be described analytically. We then review general analytical results and provide an overview of existing statistical studies. A number of open challenges in basketball analysis are highlighted.

  9. The basketball problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröer, H.

    In basketball there is the problem of hitting a basket at a determined distance and a determined height. The quantities that can be changed during the inclined throw are the initial velocity and the angle of throw. At first we neglect the air resistance. Then we treat the same problem in a medium (liquid, gas) with constant density. We obtain two differential equations. Then we view special cases of the retarding force. There is an english and a german edition.

  10. Teaching Physics with Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanpichai, N.; Wattanakasiwich, P.

    2010-07-01

    Recently, technologies and computer takes important roles in learning and teaching, including physics. Advance in technologies can help us better relating physics taught in the classroom to the real world. In this study, we developed a module on teaching a projectile motion through shooting a basketball. Students learned about physics of projectile motion, and then they took videos of their classmates shooting a basketball by using the high speed camera. Then they analyzed videos by using Tracker, a video analysis and modeling tool. While working with Tracker, students learned about the relationships between three kinematics graphs. Moreover, they learned about a real projectile motion (with an air resistance) through modeling tools. Students' abilities to interpret kinematics graphs were investigated before and after the instruction by using the Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics (TUG-K). The maximum normalized gain or is 0.77, which indicated students' improvement in determining displacement from the velocity-time graph. The minimum is 0.20, which indicated that most students still have difficulties interpreting the change in velocity from the acceleration-time graph. Results from evaluation questionnaires revealed that students also satisfied with the instructions that related physics contents to shooting basketball.

  11. Basketball Game as Psychology Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyson, James A.; Blick, Kenneth A.

    1985-01-01

    To help undergraduate psychology students learn basic concepts in the experimental method, a basketball game is construed as a psychology experiment. Although no formal evaluation of the effectiveness of the basketball analogy as a learning device was conducted, students responded favorably. (RM)

  12. Basketball injuries in children

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    Gaca, Ana Maria [Duke University Health Systems, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States); McGovern-Davison Children' s Health Center, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC (United States)

    2009-12-15

    Basketball is a popular, worldwide sport played outdoors and indoors year-round. Patterns of injury are related to abrupt changes in the athlete's direction, jumping, contact between athletes, the hard playing surface and paucity of protective equipment. Intensity of play and training in the quest of scholarships and professional careers is believed to contribute to an increasing occurrence of injury. Radiologists' appreciation of the breadth of injury and its relation to imaging and clinical findings should enhance the care of these children. Some of the patterns of injury are well known to radiologists but vary due to age- and size-related changes; the growing skeleton is affected by differing susceptibilities from biomechanical stresses at different sizes. Beyond screening radiographs, the accuracy of MRI and CT has improved diagnosis and treatment plans in this realm. Investigations to detect symptoms and signs in an attempt to prevent the tragedy of sudden cardiac death in basketball players may lead to MRI and CTA studies that compel radiologists to evaluate cardiac function along with myocardial and coronary artery anatomy. Worthy of mention also is the female athlete triad of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis that is observed in some young women participating in this and other sports. (orig.)

  13. Basketballs as spherical acoustic cavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Daniel A.

    2010-06-01

    The sound field resulting from striking a basketball is found to be rich in frequency content, with over 50 partials in the frequency range of 0-12 kHz. The frequencies are found to closely match theoretical expectations for standing wave patterns inside a spherical cavity. Because of the degenerate nature of the mode shapes, explicit identification of the modes is not possible without internal investigation with a microphone probe. A basketball proves to be an interesting application of a boundary value problem involving spherical coordinates.

  14. Globalisation and Women's Professional Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Berber

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Women’s basketball is a global game with professional leagues in Europe, Africa, Australia, Asia, and the Americas. The Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA in the US is the premier league for the sport. During the off-season, over 100 players from WNBA clubs compete professionally abroad to supplement their incomes. Traveling teams and their visiting friends, relatives, and fans place demands on tourism businesses. This study examines the global migration in women’s professional basketball, including players living and traveling abroad and their tourism impacts. In-depth interviews with the foreign players participating in the Turkish Women’s Basketball League 2011 All-Star Game in Eskişehir were conducted. The foreign all-stars spent on average $US 1200 per month in Turkey for living expenses during the season; most had been visited by family and/or friends since becoming a player in the Turkish league. The implications of professional sport team travel on league sponsorship and marketing strategies, tourism businesses, and host cities are discussed.

  15. Vectors on the Basketball Court

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    An Idea Bank published in the April/May 2009 issue of "The Science Teacher" describes an experiential physics lesson on vectors and vector addition (Brown 2009). Like its football predecessor, the basketball-based investigation presented in this Idea Bank addresses National Science Education Standards Content B, Physical Science, 9-12 (NRC 1996)…

  16. Women Basketball Pioneers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    In 1931, a Chinese women’s basketball team played amatch abroad for the first time. In that tournament against theJapanese, they achieved a stellar record of nine wins and onetie. The following story is based on the recollections of WangLan, who played guard for the team 67 years ago.

  17. An Optimal Basketball Free Throw

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppala-Holtzman, David

    2012-01-01

    A basketball player attempting a free throw has two parameters under his or her control: the angle of elevation and the force with which the ball is thrown. We compute upper and lower bounds for the initial velocity for suitable values of the angle of elevation, generating a subset of the configuration space of all successful free throws. A…

  18. Portable basketball rim testing device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, W. Bruce; Davis, Karl C.

    1993-01-01

    A portable basketball rim rebound testing device 10 is illustrated in two preferred embodiments for testing the rebound or energy absorption characteristics of a basketball rim 12 and its accompanying support to determine likely rebound or energy absorption charcteristics of the system. The apparatus 10 includes a depending frame 28 having a C-clamp 36 for releasably rigidly connecting the frame to the basketball rim 12. A glide weight 60 is mounted on a guide rod 52 permitting the weight 60 to be dropped against a calibrated spring 56 held on an abutment surface on the rod to generate for deflecting the basketball rim and then rebounding the weight upwardly. A photosensor 66 is mounted on the depending frame 28 to sense passage of reflective surfaces 75 on the weight to thereby obtain sufficient data to enable a processing means 26 to calculate the rebound velocity and relate it to an energy absorption percentage rate of the rim system 12. A readout is provided to display the energy absorption percentage.

  19. Hand preference patterns in expert basketball players: interrelations between basketball-specific and everyday life behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stöckel, Tino; Vater, Christian

    2014-12-01

    In the present study we examined the interrelation of everyday life handedness and hand preference in basketball, as an area of expertise that requires individuals being proficient with both their non-dominant and dominant hand. A secondary aim was to elucidate the link between basketball-specific practice, hand preference in basketball and everyday life handedness. Therefore, 176 expert basketball players self-reported their hand preference for activities of daily living and for basketball-specific behavior as well as details about their basketball-specific history via questionnaire. We found that compared to the general population the one-hand bias was significantly reduced for both everyday life and basketball-specific hand preference (i.e., a higher prevalence of mixed-handed individuals), and that both concepts were significantly related. Moreover, only preference scores for lay-up and dribbling skills were significantly related to measures of basketball-specific practice. Consequently, training-induced modulations of lateral preference seem to be very specific to only a few basketball-specific skills, and do not generalize to other skills within the domain of basketball nor do they extend into everyday life handedness. The results are discussed in terms of their relevance regarding theories of handedness and their practical implications for the sport of basketball.

  20. Bifurcation Adds Flavor to Basketball

    CERN Document Server

    Min, Byeong June

    2016-01-01

    We report an emergence of bifurcation in basketball, a single-particle system governed by Newtonian mechanics. When shooting the basketball, the obvious control parameters are the launch speed and the launch angle. We propose to use the three-dimensional velocity phase-space volume associated with the given launch parameters to quantify the difficulty of the shooting. The optimal launch angle that maximizes the associated phase-space volume undergoes a bifurcation as the launch speed is increased, if the shooter is farther than a critical distance away from the hoop. Thus, the bifurcation makes it very important to control the launch speed accurately. If the air resistance is removed, the bifurcation disappears and the phase-space volume distribution becomes dispersionless and shrinks in magnitude.

  1. The Massive Thermal Basketball Diagram

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, J O; Strickland, Michael T; Andersen, Jens O.; Braaten, Eric; Strickland, Michael

    2000-01-01

    The "basketball diagram" is a three-loop vacuum diagram for a scalar fieldtheory that cannot be expressed in terms of one-loop diagrams. We calculatethis diagram for a massive scalar field at nonzero temperature, reducing it toexpressions involving three-dimensional integrals that can be easily evaluatednumerically. We use this result to calculate the free energy for a massivescalar field with a phi^4 interaction to three-loop order.

  2. On Situation and Prevention of College Basketball Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baichao Xu

    2015-01-01

    Basketball is one of the favorite sports of the masses, in order to allow a more efficient conduct of basketball for the college student sports activities, it can play a positive role in promoting to enable students to love, enjoy basketball. This paper is to study the current situation and prevent the basketball damage.

  3. Research on Development Mode of Foreign Competitive Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xianjiang, Zhou; Bin, Zong; Xianwu, Wu

    Adopting literature material method, survey and comparative method, the paper studies foreign competitive basketball, foreign competitive basketball on behalf of the State management system model, competitive basketball reserve personnel training and development mode system. Rely on different powers of the foreign competitive basketball from amateur to professional development; different modes of foreign competitive basketball management system; foreign competitive basketball back-up personnel training mode, the model on school training in America and other countries, mainly the club training mode in European countries; foreign model of development of competitive basketball, different from social guidance, in the combination operation mode of market regulation and government administrative intervention.

  4. Training Visual Control in Wheelchair Basketball Shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Heubers, Sjoerd; Ruitenbeek, Jean-Rene J. A. C.; Janssen, Thomas W. J.

    2012-01-01

    We examined the effects of visual control training on expert wheelchair basketball shooting, a skill more difficult than in regular basketball, as players shoot from a seated position to the same rim height. The training consisted of shooting with a visual constraint that forced participants to use target information as late as possible.…

  5. Basketball shot types and shot success in different levels of competitive basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frane Erčulj

    Full Text Available The purpose of our research was to investigate the relative frequencies of different types of basketball shots (above head, hook shot, layup, dunk, tip-in, some details about their technical execution (one-legged, two-legged, drive, cut, …, and shot success in different levels of basketball competitions. We analysed video footage and categorized 5024 basketball shots from 40 basketball games and 5 different levels of competitive basketball (National Basketball Association (NBA, Euroleague, Slovenian 1st Division, and two Youth basketball competitions. Statistical analysis with hierarchical multinomial logistic regression models reveals that there are substantial differences between competitions. However, most differences decrease or disappear entirely after we adjust for differences in situations that arise in different competitions (shot location, player type, and attacks in transition. Differences after adjustment are mostly between the Senior and Youth competitions: more shots executed jumping or standing on one leg, more uncategorised shot types, and more dribbling or cutting to the basket in the Youth competitions, which can all be attributed to lesser technical and physical ability of developing basketball players. The two discernible differences within the Senior competitions are that, in the NBA, dunks are more frequent and hook shots are less frequent compared to European basketball, which can be attributed to better athleticism of NBA players. The effect situational variables have on shot types and shot success are found to be very similar for all competitions.

  6. Basketball shot types and shot success in different levels of competitive basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erčulj, Frane; Štrumbelj, Erik

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of our research was to investigate the relative frequencies of different types of basketball shots (above head, hook shot, layup, dunk, tip-in), some details about their technical execution (one-legged, two-legged, drive, cut, …), and shot success in different levels of basketball competitions. We analysed video footage and categorized 5024 basketball shots from 40 basketball games and 5 different levels of competitive basketball (National Basketball Association (NBA), Euroleague, Slovenian 1st Division, and two Youth basketball competitions). Statistical analysis with hierarchical multinomial logistic regression models reveals that there are substantial differences between competitions. However, most differences decrease or disappear entirely after we adjust for differences in situations that arise in different competitions (shot location, player type, and attacks in transition). Differences after adjustment are mostly between the Senior and Youth competitions: more shots executed jumping or standing on one leg, more uncategorised shot types, and more dribbling or cutting to the basket in the Youth competitions, which can all be attributed to lesser technical and physical ability of developing basketball players. The two discernible differences within the Senior competitions are that, in the NBA, dunks are more frequent and hook shots are less frequent compared to European basketball, which can be attributed to better athleticism of NBA players. The effect situational variables have on shot types and shot success are found to be very similar for all competitions.

  7. METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAINING STUDENT basketball teams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Considered the leading position of the preparation of basketball teams in high schools. The system includes the following: reliance on top-quality players in the structure of preparedness, widespread use of visual aids, teaching movies and cartoons with a record of technology implementation of various methods by professional basketball players, the application of the methods of autogenic and ideomotor training according to our methodology. The study involved 63 students 1.5 courses from various universities of Kharkov 1.2 digits: 32 experimental group and 31 - control. The developed system of training students, basketball players used within 1 year. The efficiency of the developed system in the training process of students, basketball players.

  8. Prevention of Lower Extremity Injuries in Basketball

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Context: Lower extremity injuries are common in basketball, yet it is unclear how prophylactic interventions affect lower extremity injury incidence rates. Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of current lower extremity injury prevention programs in basketball athletes, focusing on injury rates of (1) general lower extremity injuries, (2) ankle sprains, and (3) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. Data Sources: PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Register of Controlle...

  9. Development and Validation of the Basketball Offensive Game Performance Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun; Hendricks, Kristin; Zhu, Weimo

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to design and validate the Basketball Offensive Game Performance Instrument (BOGPI) that assesses an individual player's offensive game performance competency in basketball. Twelve physical education teacher education (PETE) students playing two 10-minute, 3 vs. 3 basketball games were videotaped at end of a…

  10. Random Walk Picture of Basketball Scoring

    CERN Document Server

    Gabel, Alan

    2011-01-01

    We present evidence, based on play-by-play data from all 6087 games from the 2006/07--2009/10 seasons of the National Basketball Association (NBA), that basketball scoring is well described by a weakly-biased continuous-time random walk. The time between successive scoring events follows an exponential distribution, with little memory between different scoring intervals. Using this random-walk picture that is augmented by features idiosyncratic to basketball, we account for a wide variety of statistical properties of scoring, such as the distribution of the score difference between opponents and the fraction of game time that one team is in the lead. By further including the heterogeneity of team strengths, we build a computational model that accounts for essentially all statistical features of game scoring data and season win/loss records of each team.

  11. The price of anarchy in basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Brian

    2010-03-01

    Optimizing the performance of a basketball offense may be viewed as a network problem, wherein each play represents a ``pathway'' through which the ball and players may move from origin (the in-bounds pass) to goal (the basket). Effective field goal percentages from the resulting shot attempts can be used to characterize the efficiency of each pathway. Inspired by recent discussions of the ``price of anarchy'' in traffic networks, this paper makes a formal analogy between a basketball offense and a simplified traffic network. The analysis suggests that there may be a significant difference between taking the highest-percentage shot each time down the court and playing the most efficient possible game. There may also be an analogue of Braess's Paradox in basketball, such that removing a key player from a team can result in the improvement of the team's offensive efficiency.

  12. A review on the basketball jump shot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, Victor H A; Rodacki, André L F; Satern, Miriam N

    2015-06-01

    The ability to shoot an effective jump shot in the sport of basketball is critical to a player's success. In an attempt to better understand the aspects related to expert performance, researchers have investigated successful free throws and jump shots of various basketball players and identified movement variables that contribute to their success. The purpose of this study was to complete a systematic review of the scientific literature on the basketball free throw and jump shot for the purpose of revealing the critical components of shooting that coaches, teachers, and players should focus on when teaching, learning, practising, and performing a jump shot. The results of this review are presented in three sections: (a) variables that affect ball trajectory, (b) phases of the jump shot, and

  13. Biomimetics of throwing at basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merticaru, E.; Budescu, E.; Iacob, R. M.

    2016-08-01

    The paper deals with the inverse dynamics of a kinematic chain of the human upper limb when throwing the ball at the basketball, aiming to calculate the torques required to put in action the technical system. The kinematic chain respects the anthropometric features regarding the length and mass of body segments. The kinematic parameters of the motion were determined by measuring the angles of body segments during a succession of filmed pictures of a throw, and the interpolation of these values and determination of the interpolating polynomials for each independent geometric coordinate. Using the Lagrange equations, there were determined the variations with time of the required torques to put in motion the kinematic chain of the type of triple physical pendulum. The obtained values show, naturally, the fact that the biggest torque is that for mimetic articulation of the shoulder, being comparable with those obtained by the brachial biceps muscle of the analyzed human subject. Using the obtained data, there can be conceived the mimetic technical system, of robotic type, with application in sports, so that to perform the motion of ball throwing, from steady position, at the basket.

  14. Requiring Competencies of Basketball Coaches in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIKOLAOS KOSTOPOULOS

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this investigation was to identify the competencies of Basketball coaches in Greece. The current study is based on previous work done by Rodrigues et al, (11, and Tripolitsioti et al, (14,17, who measured competencies both in Portuguese basketball coaches and directors of indoor sport facilities in Greece. Two hundred and forty five basketball coaches of three Greek Divisions (first, second and third participated in the study and completed the scale. Exploratory factor analysis revealed 5 factors consisting of 21 competency statements: Sport science/practice (6 items, communication/leadership (5 items, first aid/risk management (2 items, computer skills (4 items, and programming 4 items. Moreover, the results demonstrated that first aid and training skills were the top rated competencies, following by management and computer skills, while facility & event management were the low rated competencies. These results validate that the successful basketball coaches didn’t only have training competencies, but management, computer skills, first aid, communication, facility management and event management.

  15. Problem Solvers: Solutions--Playing Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    In this article, fourth grade Upper Allen Elementary School (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania) teacher Jeffrey Smith describes his exploration of the Playing Basketball activity. Herein he describes how he found the problem to be an effective way to review concepts associated with the measurement of elapsed time with his students. Additionally, it…

  16. Kinematics of the free throw in basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, A.; Miller, G.

    1981-06-01

    The kinematics of the two basic styles of free throw in basketball are discussed. It is shown that from a purely kinematic and trajectory point of view, the overhand push shot is preferable to the underhand loop shot. The advantages of the underhand shot lie in the actual execution of the shot.

  17. Metabolic optimisation of the basketball free throw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padulo, Johnny; Attene, Giuseppe; Migliaccio, Gian Mario; Cuzzolin, Francesco; Vando, Stefano; Ardigò, Luca Paolo

    2015-01-01

    The free throw (FT) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a match. Most of actual play occurs at about 85% of maximum heart rate (HR). Metabolic intensity, through fatigue, may influence a technically skilled move as the FT is. Twenty-eight under 17 basketball players were studied while shooting FTs on a regular indoor basketball court. We investigated FT accuracy in young male basketball players shooting at three different HRs: at rest, at 50% and at 80% of maximum experimentally obtained HR value. We found no significant FT percentage difference between rest and 50% of the maximum HR (FT percentage about 80%; P > 0.05). Differently, at 80% of the maximum HR the FT percentage decreased significantly by more than 20% (P < 0.001) down to about 60%. No preliminary warm-up is needed before entering game for the FT accuracy. Furthermore, we speculate that time-consuming, cooling-off routines usually performed by shooters before each FT may be functional to improve its accuracy.

  18. Application of Monte Carlo Simulations to Improve Basketball Shooting Strategy

    CERN Document Server

    Min, Byeong June

    2016-01-01

    The underlying physics of basketball shooting seems to be a straightforward example of the Newtonian mechanics that can easily be traced by numerical methods. However, a human basketball player does not make use of all the possible basketball trajectories. Instead, a basketball player will build up a database of successful shots and select the trajectory that has the greatest tolerance to small variations of the real world. We simulate the basketball player's shooting training as a Monte Carlo sequence to build optimal shooting strategies, such as the launch speed and angle of the basketball, and whether to take a direct shot or a bank shot, as a function of the player's court positions and height. The phase space volume that belongs to the successful launch velocities generated by Monte Carlo simulations are then used as the criterion to optimize a shooting strategy that incorporates not only mechanical, but human factors as well.

  19. Transfer of motor and perceptual skills from basketball to darts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rienhoff, Rebecca; Hopwood, Melissa J; Fischer, Lennart; Strauss, Bernd; Baker, Joseph; Schorer, Jörg

    2013-01-01

    The quiet eye is a perceptual skill associated with expertise and superior performance; however, little is known about the transfer of quiet eye across domains. We attempted to replicate previous skill-based differences in quiet eye and investigated whether transfer of motor and perceptual skills occurs between similar tasks. Throwing accuracy and quiet eye duration for skilled and less-skilled basketball players were examined in basketball free throw shooting and the transfer task of dart throwing. Skilled basketball players showed significantly higher throwing accuracy and longer quiet eye duration in the basketball free throw task compared to their less-skilled counterparts. Further, skilled basketball players showed positive transfer from basketball to dart throwing in accuracy but not in quiet eye duration. Our results raise interesting questions regarding the measurement of transfer between skills.

  20. Individual recovery profiles in basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Jordi; Ramos-Castro, Juan; Rodas, Gil; Tarragó, Joan R; Capdevila, Lluís

    2015-01-01

    In the sport context, recovery has been characterized as a multifactor process (physiological, psychological, behavioral, social, etc.). This study takes a multidisciplinary approach to find psychophysiological markers of the stress-recovery process. It aims to determine how athletes' specific recovery actions relate to their perceptions of recovery, and Heart Rate Variability (HRV). A total of 196 assessments were analyzed from 6 players on a men's professional basketball team within the Liga LEB Oro basketball federation (2012/2013 season). Perceptions of recovery, recovery strategies, and HRV were recorded. The results show a pattern of individual differences in behavior related to athletes' recovery actions and HRV profiles throughout the season (p < .05). Moreover, we observed that each player had different recovery needs. In light of these results, we suggest an individualistic approach to evaluating and monitoring recovery to attend more accurately to each player's recovery needs.

  1. Basketball Surfaces and Coefficient of Restitution

    OpenAIRE

    Kristyn Peacock; Faith Pearson

    2015-01-01

    A basketball was released from varying drop heights to simulate the impact speeds of a typical soft, medium, and hard dribble. This was repeated across four different surfaces that students typically play on–exposed aggregate concrete, maple wood flooring, EPI Outdoor Sport flooring, and playground rubber mesh. From the measured drop and bounce heights, the coefficient of restitution(COR)was calculated. It was concluded that only playground rubber mesh had COR’s below the regula...

  2. A Random Walk Picture of Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Alan; Redner, Sidney

    2012-02-01

    We analyze NBA basketball play-by-play data and found that scoring is well described by a weakly-biased, anti-persistent, continuous-time random walk. The time between successive scoring events follows an exponential distribution, with little memory between events. We account for a wide variety of statistical properties of scoring, such as the distribution of the score difference between opponents and the fraction of game time that one team is in the lead.

  3. Peculiarities of psychical stability among basketball players of different performance level

    OpenAIRE

    Malinauskas R.; Brusokas A.

    2010-01-01

    This article deals with questions of psychical stability among basketball players of different performance level. The research was carried out in two Lithuanian basketball leagues: Lithuanian Basketball League (elite division) and the Lithuanian student's basketball league. It was established statistically significant (p

  4. Training Patterns of Wheelchair Basketball Players in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatar, Yasar

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze technical drills, warm-up and cool-down exercises used by wheelchair basketball players of the Turkish league in relation to training sessions. 33 male wheelchair basketball players participated in the study (mean age 26.6[plus or minus]5,95 years). All players reported that they used warm-up exercises before…

  5. Labor Market Structure and Salary Determination among Professional Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Michael

    1988-01-01

    The author investigates the labor market structure and determinants of salaries for professional basketball players. An expanded version of the resource perspective is used. A three-tiered model of labor market segmentation is revealed for professional basketball players, but other variables also are important in salary determination. (Author/CH)

  6. Development of repeated sprint ability in talented youth basketball players.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wierike, S.C. te; Jong, M.C. de; Tromp, E.J.; Vuijk, P.J.; Lemmink, K.A.; Malina, R.M.; Elferink-Gemser, M.T.; Visscher, C.

    2013-01-01

    Factors affecting repeated sprint ability (RSA) were evaluated in a mixed-longitudinal sample of 48 elite basketball players 14 to 19 years of age (16.1±1.7 years). Players were observed on six occasions during the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons. Three basketball-specific field tests were administe

  7. What Is the Half-Life of Basketball Teams?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrepic, Zdeslav

    2013-01-01

    What do basketball teams have in common with radioactive nuclei? It turns out, there is more here than first meets the eye. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball tournaments feeds fans' craving when NBA competitions are not in swing, and the college tournament time has been referred to as "March Madness" or…

  8. Court Reconstruction for Camera Calibration in Broadcast Basketball Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Pei-Chih; Cheng, Wei-Chih; Wang, Yu-Shuen; Chu, Hung-Kuo; Tang, Nick C; Liao, Hong-Yuan Mark

    2016-05-01

    We introduce a technique of calibrating camera motions in basketball videos. Our method particularly transforms player positions to standard basketball court coordinates and enables applications such as tactical analysis and semantic basketball video retrieval. To achieve a robust calibration, we reconstruct the panoramic basketball court from a video, followed by warping the panoramic court to a standard one. As opposed to previous approaches, which individually detect the court lines and corners of each video frame, our technique considers all video frames simultaneously to achieve calibration; hence, it is robust to illumination changes and player occlusions. To demonstrate the feasibility of our technique, we present a stroke-based system that allows users to retrieve basketball videos. Our system tracks player trajectories from broadcast basketball videos. It then rectifies the trajectories to a standard basketball court by using our camera calibration method. Consequently, users can apply stroke queries to indicate how the players move in gameplay during retrieval. The main advantage of this interface is an explicit query of basketball videos so that unwanted outcomes can be prevented. We show the results in Figs. 1, 7, 9, 10 and our accompanying video to exhibit the feasibility of our technique.

  9. Behavioral Momentum in Sports: A Partial Replication with Women's Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roane, Henry S.; Kelley, Michael E.; Trosclair, Nicole M.; Hauer, Lindsay S.

    2004-01-01

    Previous research has applied the behavioral momentum metaphor to men's college basketball. In the current investigation, the relative rate of reinforcement prior to and following adversities (e.g., turnovers, fouls) and periods of time-out were examined in a subset of women's college basketball games.

  10. Recognition accuracy by experienced men and women players of basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millslagle, Duane G

    2002-08-01

    This study examined 30 experienced basketball players' recognition accuracy by sex, playing position (guard, forward, and center), and situations in the game of basketball. The study used a perceptual cognitive paradigm in which subjects viewed slides of structured and unstructured game situations and accurately recognized the presence or absence of the basketball. A significant difference in recognition accuracy by sex, players' position, and structure of the game situation was found. Male players' recognition accuracy was better than the female players'. The recognition accuracy of subjects who played guard was better than that of subjects who played forward or center. The players' recognition accuracy was more accurate when observing structured plays versus unstructured plays. The conclusion of this study suggested that experienced basketball players differ in their cognitive and visual searching processes by sex and player position within the sport of basketball.

  11. Basketball Surfaces and Coefficient of Restitution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristyn Peacock

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A basketball was released from varying drop heights to simulate the impact speeds of a typical soft, medium, and hard dribble. This was repeated across four different surfaces that students typically play on–exposed aggregate concrete, maple wood flooring, EPI Outdoor Sport flooring, and playground rubber mesh. From the measured drop and bounce heights, the coefficient of restitution(CORwas calculated. It was concluded that only playground rubber mesh had COR’s below the regulation range, with the other three surfaces having COR’s within regulation.

  12. Investigation into the Effects of Eight Weeks of Step Aerobic Dance Practice on Static Balance, Flexibility and Selected Basketball Skills in Young Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavli, Özhan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks of step aerobic exercises on static balance, flexibility and selected basketball skills in young basketball players. A total of 20 basketball players (average age 16.1 ± 0.7 years and average sporting age 4.1 ± 0.7 years) voluntarily joined the study. Participants were randomly…

  13. Personality of young basketball and feasibility of improving the sport.

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    Artemenko T.G.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The study of personal psychological features of young basketball players that influence the formation of sports skills and gain value for selection in basketball at the stage of initial training. At this stage of preparation identified personal characteristics (type of thinking, level of intellectual development, trait anxiety, volitional qualities, properties, attention, aggression, which show significant correlation between the parameters of readiness at certain time intervals during the initial training and, accordingly, at the age of young basketball players from 10 to 12 years.

  14. CAREER TRANSITION FROM JUNIOR TO SENIOR IN BASKETBALL PLAYERS

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    Alberto Lorenzo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to investigate what factors affect basketball players in the transition from junior and amateur to senior and professional sport respectively. The study was a qualitative research which uses a semi-structured interview to get the data. There were interviewed five Spanish basketball players who were starting playing in a team of Basketball Club Association (C.B.A.. The results showed that the participants face several changes both in the sport and in the life outside sport. At the same time, the results indicated the existence of several coping strategies that help the player in his career transition.

  15. Kinanthropometric characteristics in teenager basketball players

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    Maria Abella del Campo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Basketball is a sport with a high heterogeneity anthropometric as playing position. Point guard is usually the lowest player but also the fastest. Guard is similar to point guard, faster and more agile than the others. Small forward has an intermediate height between the inside and outside players and it combines height with velocity. And center (pivot has a physical role, it has the highest and more muscle mass. The aim of this study is to describe the kinanthropometric profile of male cadet “Valencia Basket Club”. Material and Methods: A total of 20 male cadet basketball players were evaluated (15.35±0.59 years old. An anthropometrist level 1 took anthropometric measures according to the methodology of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK. Body composition was calculated according to the kinanthropometry consensus of the Kinanthropometry Spanish Group (GREC, somatotype with Heath-Carter’s method and adiposemuscular and cardiovascular risk index. Results: Differences in values of weight, height, skinfold and body composition from variables of sample and position were observed. Lower values were from point guard position and higher values were from center position. An increasing trend of these parameters was established in the following order: point guard, guard, small forward and center. Conclusions: The Valencia Basket Club cadet player overall somatotype is balance ectomorph. To know kinanthropometric profile may be beneficial to develop specific training and nutrition plans as well as to see evolution and characteristics for optimal performance

  16. The problem of shot selection in basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Skinner

    Full Text Available In basketball, every time the offense produces a shot opportunity the player with the ball must decide whether the shot is worth taking. In this article, I explore the question of when a team should shoot and when they should pass up the shot by considering a simple theoretical model of the shot selection process, in which the quality of shot opportunities generated by the offense is assumed to fall randomly within a uniform distribution. Within this model I derive an answer to the question "how likely must the shot be to go in before the player should take it?" and I show that this lower cutoff for shot quality f depends crucially on the number n of shot opportunities remaining (say, before the shot clock expires, with larger n demanding that only higher-quality shots should be taken. The function f(n is also derived in the presence of a finite turnover rate and used to predict the shooting rate of an optimal-shooting team as a function of time. The theoretical prediction for the optimal shooting rate is compared to data from the National Basketball Association (NBA. The comparison highlights some limitations of the theoretical model, while also suggesting that NBA teams may be overly reluctant to shoot the ball early in the shot clock.

  17. Obstacles Facing the Iranian Basketball Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamta Hadian

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study, which is a strategic study with a mixed research approach aimed to identify obstacles facing the academies of Iranian Basketball Federation. The population comprises board of directors and committees responsible for Education and Talent Spotting Association, academy administrators, physical education instructors, qualified experts, professors, coaches, referees and heads of delegations who were asked via interviews and questionnaire (exploratory manner to state internal and external obstacles facing basketball academies in following 8 components in order of importance utilizing the Delphi method: management and planning, training, human resources, financial resources, talent spotting, scientific and research and information technology, venues and infrastructures. Items were identified in 34 external and 49 internal factors. For weighting and prioritizing of items, the questionnaire was completed by 27 subjects employing AHP method based on pairwise comparisons. SPSS software version18 was utilized for descriptive statistics while AHP method in Expert Choice software was utilized for inferential statistics. At the end, a total of 11 executive strategies were proposed for removing the obstacles.

  18. Automated analysis and annotation of basketball video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saur, Drew D.; Tan, Yap-Peng; Kulkarni, Sanjeev R.; Ramadge, Peter J.

    1997-01-01

    Automated analysis and annotation of video sequences are important for digital video libraries, content-based video browsing and data mining projects. A successful video annotation system should provide users with useful video content summary in a reasonable processing time. Given the wide variety of video genres available today, automatically extracting meaningful video content for annotation still remains hard by using current available techniques. However, a wide range video has inherent structure such that some prior knowledge about the video content can be exploited to improve our understanding of the high-level video semantic content. In this paper, we develop tools and techniques for analyzing structured video by using the low-level information available directly from MPEG compressed video. Being able to work directly in the video compressed domain can greatly reduce the processing time and enhance storage efficiency. As a testbed, we have developed a basketball annotation system which combines the low-level information extracted from MPEG stream with the prior knowledge of basketball video structure to provide high level content analysis, annotation and browsing for events such as wide- angle and close-up views, fast breaks, steals, potential shots, number of possessions and possession times. We expect our approach can also be extended to structured video in other domains.

  19. Anthropometry and Performance in Wheelchair Basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados, Cristina; Yanci, Javier; Badiola, Aduna; Iturricastillo, Aitor; Otero, Montse; Olasagasti, Jurgi; Bidaurrazaga-Letona, Iraia; Gil, Susana M

    2015-07-01

    This study investigated whether anthropometric characteristics, generic and specific sprinting, agility, strength, and endurance capacity could differentiate between First-Division and Third-Division wheelchair basketball (WB) players. A First-Division WB team (n = 8; age = 36.05 ± 8.25 years, sitting body height = 91.38 ± 4.24 cm, body mass = 79.80 ± 12.63 kg) and a Third-Division WB team (n = 11; age = 31.10 ± 6.37 years, sitting body height = 85.56 ± 6.48 cm, body mass = 71.18 ± 17.63 kg) participated in the study. Wheelchair sprint, agility, strength, and endurance tests were performed. The First-Division team was faster (8.7%) in 20 m without the ball, more agile (13-22%), stronger (18-33%), covered more distance (20%) in the endurance test, and presented higher values of rate of perceived exertion for the exercise load (48%) than the Third-Division team. Moreover, the individual 20-m sprint time values correlated inversely with the individual strength/power values (from r = -0.54 to -0.77, p ≤ 0.05, n = 19). Wheelchair basketball coaches should structure strength and conditioning training to improve sprint and agility and evaluate players accordingly, so that they can receive appropriate training stimuli to match the physiological demands of their competitive level.

  20. How to run a successful and educational basketball camp

    OpenAIRE

    Brooke LeMar; Joe Deutsch

    2015-01-01

    Camps are a great introduction to the sport of basketball for children. Universities and colleges usually offer different types of camps, typically during the summer months. Depending on the skill and maturity level of the player, basketball camps can serve a variety of purposes. Some popular types of camps include offensive skills, shooting, team, and youth camps. Regardless of the camp that is chosen, children need to have goals set for themselves before, during, and after to enhance the be...

  1. DISTANCE LEARNING AND ATTITUDES OF GREEK BASKETBALL COACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Tsamourtzis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the present research was the determination of the attitudes of Greek Basketball coaches towards their distance learning with the use of ICT in comparison with the classical learning and the examination of the perspective of their distance learning with the use of ICT. Therefore a closed questionnaire was used which included 3 different parts. 60 basketball coaches from Northern Greece comprised the sample (N=60. An interactive software was created which included the teaching of an offensive basketball system. The methodology of distance learning was used for the creation of the offensive system. The software was copied to a CD-Rom and accompanied with the questionnaires it was given to 20 Basketball coaches of Northern Greece as a pilot program. After the corrections of the primary questionnaires, the distribution of the final questionnaire accompanied with the CD-Rom followed. Multiple reciprocations were used for the data analysis. According to the results the more relaxing, easier and faster distance learning was considered in relation to the conventional one, a the fewer difficulties would the Basketball coaches face by using the distance learning method and b the friendlier and more relaxing would the distance learning method be. Also according to data research: a the more attractive the reading of software was, b the fewer the difficulties during the reading of software and c the more relaxing, easier and faster distance learning was considered in relation to the conventional one, the stronger was the perspective of Basketball coaches to believe in distance learning. In conclusion the more relaxing, easier and faster distance learning was considered in relation to the conventional one, the more positive were the attitudes of Basketball coaches towards their distance learning, while a positive perspective of Basketball coaches towards their distance learning is being formed.

  2. COACHING A MINI-BASKETBALL TEAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar\\u00EDa Ca\\u00F1adas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study arises from the importance of analyzing the coaching process and knowing how to coach in the first stages of sports initiation. The purpose of this study was to analyze how a basketball coach establishes teaching the game phases in youth categories, through the relationship between the pedagogical variables that define each of the coaching tasks. A total of 452 tasks, organized in 80 training sessions that were planned by a coach of mini-basketball (10-11 yearolds from the 2004-2005 season were analyzed. After a descriptive analysis of the game phase variable, a non-parametric inferential analysis (chi-square and contingency coefficient was carried out to study the relationships between the variables of the study (game phase, game situation, type of content, and content.The results make clear that for the coach that was analyzed, there is a disproportionate amount of work done on phases of offense to the detriment of defensive work. The aspects of the attack that are developed most are those without opposition, 1-on-0 (RAS=9.7 and to a lesser degree 1-on-1 (RAS=-10.7, although the opposite happens in the case of defensive fundamentals, 1-on-0 (RAS=-5.4 and 1-on-1 (RAS=12.3. A higher proportion of tasks without opposition, 1- on-0, were planned to work on individual offense technique (RAS=15.7, such as shooting. The analysis of the coaching process provides much information when generating sport teaching principles. The results have an important practical application, and they facilitate the process of continuing education and reflection on coaches' actions.

  3. Relationship between Functional Classification Levels and Anaerobic Performance of Wheelchair Basketball Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molik, Bartosz; Laskin, James J.; Kosmol, Andrzej; Skucas, Kestas; Bida, Urszula

    2010-01-01

    Wheelchair basketball athletes are classified using the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) functional classification system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between upper extremity anaerobic performance (AnP) and all functional classification levels in wheelchair basketball. Ninety-seven male athletes…

  4. Effects of Sport Participation on the Basketball Skills and Physical Self of Adolescents with Conduct Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiano, Christophe; Ninot, Gregory; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Bilard, Jean

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the long-term effects of sport participation on the basketball skills and physical self-concept of adolescents with conduct disorders (CD). Participants were 24 adolescent males with CD, divided equally into three groups: (a) interestablishment basketball (IEBB), (b) integrated scholastic basketball (ISBB),…

  5. ANTHROPOMETRIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS ON INDIAN INTERUNIVERSITY BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyamal Koley

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was two-fold, firstly, to evaluate the anthropometric profile of Indian interuniversity basketball players and, secondly, to search the correlation of body mass index, % body fat, hand grip strength (right dominant and Vo2max,with other anthropometric characteristics studied. Eleven anthropometriccharacteristics, four body composition parameters, two physical and two physiological variables were measured on randomly selected 60 inter-university Indian basketball players (35 males and 25 females aged 18–25 years from Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India with adequate controls (n = 102, 52 males and 50 females. The results indicated that male basketball players were taller (6.63% and heavier (7.31% and female basketball players were slightly taller (0.31% and lighter (3.74% than their control counterparts. One way analysis of variance showed significant (p ≤ .004 - .000 between group differences in all the variables (excepthip circumference between basketball players and controls. In basketball players, significantly positive correlations were found with BMI and other 12 variables, with percent body fat and 7 variables, with right hand grip strength and 12 variables and with Vo2max and other 9 variables, and significantly negative correlationswere found with BMI and other 1 variable (% lean body mass, with percent body fat and other 6 variables, with right hand grip strength and other 2 variables and with Vo2max with other 3 variables. The findings of the present study might be useful in future investigation on player selection, talent identification in the game of basketball and its training program development.

  6. Evidence-based post-exercise recovery strategies in basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calleja-González, Julio; Terrados, Nicolás; Mielgo-Ayuso, Juan; Delextrat, Anne; Jukic, Igor; Vaquera, Alejandro; Torres, Lorena; Schelling, Xavier; Stojanovic, Marko; Ostojic, Sergej M

    2016-01-01

    Basketball can be described as a moderate-to-long duration exercise including repeated bouts of high-intensity activity interspersed with periods of low to moderate active recovery or passive rest. A match is characterized by repeated explosive activities, such as sprints, jumps, shuffles and rapid changes in direction. In top-level modern basketball, players are frequently required to play consecutive matches with limited time to recover. To ensure adequate recovery after any basketball activity (i.e., match or training), it is necessary to know the type of fatigue induced and, if possible, its underlying mechanisms. Despite limited scientific evidence to support their effectiveness in facilitating optimal recovery, certain recovery strategies are commonly utilized in basketball. It is particularly important to optimize recovery because players spend a much greater proportion of their time recovering than they do in training. Therefore, the main aim of this report is to facilitate useful information that may lead to practical application, based on the scientific evidence and applied knowledge specifically in basketball.

  7. Some Aspects of the Physics of Shooting a Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, John J.

    2006-12-01

    The flight of a basketball is considered.1 Video analysis of the path and spin for several shots was carried out. It is shown that four forces are required to reproduce the trajectory: gravity, buoyancy, the drag force and the Magnus force. The relative contribution of each force is determined. The model is used to evaluate what it is that good shooters do. For a foul shot, the approach speed (speed when the basketball is just above the rim), launch speed, and launch angle were calculated. It is found that the minimum in the approach speed occurs at a launch angle closer to the experimental values for good shooters than does the minimum in the launch speed. This suggests the hoopothesis that a good shooter strives for the “softest” shot. 1. J. J. Fontanella, The Physics of Basketball, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2006.

  8. How to run a successful and educational basketball camp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brooke LeMar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Camps are a great introduction to the sport of basketball for children. Universities and colleges usually offer different types of camps, typically during the summer months. Depending on the skill and maturity level of the player, basketball camps can serve a variety of purposes. Some popular types of camps include offensive skills, shooting, team, and youth camps. Regardless of the camp that is chosen, children need to have goals set for themselves before, during, and after to enhance the benefits. Each camper should have the opportunity to grow and develop as a basketball player as well as an individual. Running a successful camp is not only rewarding for the coaches, but for the players and campers too, which ultimately leads to the campers choosing to come back every year.

  9. Sports injuries in adolescents' ball games: soccer, handball and basketball.

    OpenAIRE

    Yde, J; Nielsen, A.B.

    1990-01-01

    In a prospective study of 302 adolescent players in three ball games (soccer, handball and basketball), 119 incurred injuries. The injury incidence (number of injuries per 1000 playing hours) was 5.6 in soccer, 4.1 in handball and 3.0 in basketball. Ankle sprains accounted for 25 per cent of the injuries, finger sprains 32 per cent, strains in the thigh and leg 10 per cent, and tendinitis/apophysitis 12 per cent. The most serious injuries were four fractures, one anterior cruciate ligament ru...

  10. Management and marketing of private basketball clubs for children and juniors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Basketball is in the top of favourite sports. The appearance of private sport clubs on the sports market is caused by the increasingly precarious conditions in state institutions and, at the same time, by the influence of the European Community. We aim at identifying a pattern of activity meant to attract and educated children in the field of basketball through private basketball clubs by making parents aware of the beneficial effects of basketball and of being a member of a sports team. The survey was carried out in 12 private basketball clubs that carry out activities in a consequent manner (in number and in value. Private basketball club managers responded to the questions in our questionnaire showing willingness to cooperate; results show that all private basketball clubs are non-profit organisations and are involved in the competitions organised by the Romanian Federation of Basketball. Private basketball clubs represent half of the affiliated basketball clubs and dominate the competitions reserved to the different age categories, which denotes the efficiency of their activities.

  11. Multidimensional Self-Efficacy and Affect in Wheelchair Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jeffrey J.

    2008-01-01

    In the current study, variables grounded in social cognitive theory with athletes with disabilities were examined. Performance, training, resiliency, and thought control self-efficacy, and positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect were examined with wheelchair basketball athletes (N = 79). Consistent with social cognitive theory, weak to strong…

  12. The Role of Metaphor in the Interpretation of Basketball Jargons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯伟

    2012-01-01

      Based upon Lakoff and Johnson’s theory of conventional metaphor, this paper takes some basketball jargons as a case for analysis from the cognitive perspective. The analysis verifies the indispensable role that metaphor as an important cogni⁃tive instrument plays in people’s interpreting and understanding the target domain by carrying over concepts from the source domain.

  13. Development of Repeated Sprint Ability in Talented Youth Basketball Players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne C. M.; de Jong, Mark C.; Tromp, Eveline J. Y.; Vuijk, Pieter J.; Lemmink, Koen A. P. M.; Malina, Robert M.; Elferink-Gemser, Marije T.; Visscher, Chris

    2014-01-01

    te Wierike, SCM, de Jong, MC, Tromp, EJY, Vuijk, PJ, Lemmink, KAPM, Malina, RM, Elferink-Gemser, MT, and Visscher, C. Development of repeated sprint ability in talented youth basketball players. J Strength Cond Res 28(4): 928-934, 2014-Factors affecting repeated sprint ability (RSA) were evaluated i

  14. A Research into Evaluation of Basketball Athletes' Risk Perception Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatas, Ozgur

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the risk perception levels of Basketball athletes in Turkish League teams according to some variables. In this research the "general screening model," which is one of the descriptive screening methods, was used. While the population of the study consists of athletes actively engaged in the Turkish…

  15. When English Language Arts, Basketball, and Poetry Collide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, W. Douglas

    2007-01-01

    A former high school teacher's reflections on the connections between basketball and poetry suggest the significance of extracurricular activities for teachers and students. W. Douglas Baker recounts how he guided students to make connections among "the collision of activities in their lives" by delving into the practices and discourses of three…

  16. Comparing the Age Related Mood Profile of Veteran Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robabeh Rostami

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Basketball, as an exciting team sport, is very popular among athletes with disabilities. Among psychological skills, mood states as an important variable have been of special interest to researchers. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare profile of mood states (BRUMS of disabled former soldiers who play basketball in different age groups. Methodology: After getting permit to conduct the research, 28 disabled basketball players completed the demographic survey and the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS questionnaire. BRUMS consisted of 24 items in subscales of stress, anger, depression, fatigue, confusion and vigor. The one-way analysis of variance test was used for the data analysis. The significance level was set at P≤0.05. SPSS Statistics 22.0 was used for the analysis of data. Results: The results showed that mood states become less negative with age. However, scores showed a rising trend in the 35-39 age groups (mood of anger with P=0/02 fatigue with P=0/03 and confusion with P=0/04. Conclusion: It seems that examining the psychological variables in relation to age can help develop more effective strategies in physical and mental training programs for disabled players. Keywords: Mood States, Basketball Players, veteran with disabilities, Age

  17. ‘The’ pathway towards the elite level in Dutch basketball : A multidimensional and longitudinal study on the development of talented youth basketball players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria

    2016-01-01

    Veel jonge talentvolle basketballers hebben één doel voor ogen; de top halen in hun sport. Hoe de ontwikkeling van jonge speler tot aan volwassen basketballer verloopt, is onderzocht in het promotieonderzoek van Sanne te Wierike. Dit onderzoek is uitgevoerd bij Bewegingswetenschappen (UMCG, Rijksuni

  18. Sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ito E

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Eri Ito, Jun Iwamoto, Koichiro Azuma, Hideo MatsumotoInstitute for Integrated Sports Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: The purpose of the present study was to investigate sex-specific differences in injury types among basketball players. According to our database, during the 20-year period between October 1991 and June 2011, 1,219 basketball players (640 males and 579 females consulted our sports medicine clinic; in total, 1,414 injuries in basketball players (729 injuries in males and 685 injuries in females were recorded. The mean age of patients was 19.6 years. The most common injury site was the knee, followed by the foot and ankle, lower back, and upper extremities. There was a higher proportion of female players presenting with a knee injury, compared with male players (50.4% vs 41.7%, and a lower proportion of female players presenting with an upper extremity injury (5.1% vs 9.7%. The proportion of anterior cruciate ligament injury in the 10–19-year-old age group was higher among female players than among male players (45.9% vs 22.1%, while the proportions of Osgood–Schlatter disease in the 10–19-year-old age group and jumper's knee (patellar and femoral tendinopathy in the 20–29-year-old age group were higher among male players than among female players (12.5% vs 1.8% and 14.6% vs 3.7%, respectively. However, the proportions of other injuries did not differ significantly between male and female players. The present observational study, which was performed using a retrospective case-series design, showed the existence of sex-specific differences in knee injuries sustained while participating in basketball.Keywords: sports injury, sex, anterior cruciate ligament injury, Osgood–Schlatter disease, basketball

  19. Effects of Reasoning Ability on Field Goal Shooting Skills of Female Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virendra Kumar Singh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, field goal shooting skills of female basketball players were assessed in the background to their reasoning ability. The sample consists of 100 female intercollegiate basketball players (age = 21.05±1.67 yrs.. Shooting skills reasoning ability were assessed by Johnson’s “Basketball Field Goal Speed Shooting Test” and Mixed Type Group Test of Intelligence prepared by Mehrotra (1984, respectively. Results reveal that field goal shooting ability of female basketball players exhibiting superior reasoning ability was found to be significantly better as compared to field goal shooting ability of female basketball players with low and average reasoning ability. It was concluded that shooting skills of female basketball players is influenced by their cognitive ability i.e. ability to rationalize problems in proper sequence.

  20. Effect of playing basketball on the posture of cervical spine in healthy collegiate students

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess and compare the cervical posture of collegiate students and collegiate basketball players.Procedure: Craniovertebral angle and Sagittal head tilt were measured using photogrammetric method in 15 collegiate students and 15 collegiate basketball players.Results: Significant differences were not found between two groups for any of the two angles at p<0.05.Conclusions: Playing basketball does not place any significant impact on the posture of cervical spine of collegiate s...

  1. The system of tactical training basketball teams of students using interactive technologies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A program for improving the effectiveness of tactical training of basketball teams of students with techniques to enhance the perception of figurative elements of technique and tactics of basketball on the basis of modern information technology. The study involved 23 female basketball players of 18-23 years of student teams, 11 of which were experimental group and 12 - control. Established that the developed system improves the quality of performance technique techniques of basketball, the effectiveness of actions in the game, raising the number of implemented in-game tactical interactions.

  2. Effect of carbohydrate or sodium bicarbonate ingestion on performance during a validated basketball simulation test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afman, Gregg; Garside, Richard M; Dinan, Neal; Gant, Nicholas; Betts, James A; Williams, Clyde

    2014-12-01

    Current recommendations for nutritional interventions in basketball are largely extrapolated from laboratory-based studies that are not sport-specific. We therefore adapted and validated a basketball simulation test relative to competitive basketball games using well-trained basketball players (n = 10), then employed this test to evaluate the effects of two common preexercise nutritional interventions on basketball-specific physical and skilled performance. Specifically, in a randomized and counterbalanced order, participants ingested solutions providing either 75 g carbohydrate (sucrose) 45 min before exercise (Study A; n = 10) or 2 × 0.2 g · kg(-1) sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) 90 and 20 min before exercise (Study B; n = 7), each relative to appropriate placebos (H2O and 2 × 0.14 g · kg(-1) NaCl, respectively). Heart rate, sweat rate, pedometer count, and perceived exertion did not systematically differ between the 60-min basketball simulation test and competitive basketball, with a strong positive correlation in heart rate response (r = .9, p basketball simulation test provides a valid reflection of physiological demands in competitive basketball and is sufficiently sensitive to detect meaningful changes in physical and skilled performance. While there are benefits of preexercise carbohydrate or sodium bicarbonate ingestion, these should be balanced against potential negative side effects.

  3. Assessment succession of student's goes in for basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Temchenko V.A.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The questions of working out of the criteria for assessment the results of students by subject "Physical education" (basketball section are considered. The article focuses on variants of assessing the results physical training employment of the students under the credit and module system. It is set that at the choice of type of sport (or directions motive activity about 40% students of basic separation are given by a preference the playing types of sport. From this number 12% choose basket-ball. Norms in special physical training are given. It's emphasized that there is no common system of assessment the results of students; the model of sectional form of physical training is worked out not enough.

  4. INCIDENCE OF FREE THROWS IN PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL GAMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente García Tormo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to describe the incident of the free throw on the final results of the basketball match, and see how other factors may influence the final average of successful free throws, comparing national leagues with European competition. A total of 59,364 free throws have been analyzed, corresponding to 1722 matches from two seasons of the Spanish professional basketball league (ACB and LFB and European league (Euroleague Euroleague and women. Has been made descriptive analysis, an analysis of synchrony and an analysis of the residuals corrected. The results demonstrate the importance of free throws for the final score, especially in male and when is a close match. Likewise, the home court advantage is related to higher efficiency in free throws and win the match.Key words:

  5. Multimodal Semantic Analysis and Annotation for Basketball Video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Song; Xu, Min; Yi, Haoran; Chia, Liang-Tien; Rajan, Deepu

    2006-12-01

    This paper presents a new multiple-modality method for extracting semantic information from basketball video. The visual, motion, and audio information are extracted from video to first generate some low-level video segmentation and classification. Domain knowledge is further exploited for detecting interesting events in the basketball video. For video, both visual and motion prediction information are utilized for shot and scene boundary detection algorithm; this will be followed by scene classification. For audio, audio keysounds are sets of specific audio sounds related to semantic events and a classification method based on hidden Markov model (HMM) is used for audio keysound identification. Subsequently, by analyzing the multimodal information, the positions of potential semantic events, such as "foul" and "shot at the basket," are located with additional domain knowledge. Finally, a video annotation is generated according to MPEG-7 multimedia description schemes (MDSs). Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  6. Effectiveness during ball screens in elite basketball games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, Miguel-Ángel; Battaglia, Otavio; Lorenzo, Alberto; Lorenzo, Jorge; Jiménez, Sergio; Sampaio, Jaime

    2015-01-01

    Ball screens are one of the most frequently used tactical behaviour in elite basketball games. The aim of the present study was to identify their predictors of success related to time, space, players, and tasks performed. The sample was composed of 818 ball screens corresponding to 20 close games (mean differences in score of 3.1 ± 0.8 points) randomly selected from the playoff games of the Spanish Basketball League (2008-2011). Classification tree analysis (CHAID) was used to analyse which variable or combination of variables, better predicts effectiveness during ball screens. The main results allowed identifying interactions with dribbler actions after the screen and the orientation of the screen on the ball. The results showed no interaction with game quarter and quarter minute temporal-related variables in both analyses. The present findings allow improving coaches' strategic plans that involve selecting the most appropriate offensive approach when performing ball screens.

  7. Development of repeated sprint ability in talented youth basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    te Wierike, Sanne C M; de Jong, Mark C; Tromp, Eveline J Y; Vuijk, Pieter J; Lemmink, Koen A P M; Malina, Robert M; Elferink-Gemser, Marije T; Visscher, Chris

    2014-04-01

    Factors affecting repeated sprint ability (RSA) were evaluated in a mixed-longitudinal sample of 48 elite basketball players 14-19 years of age (16.1 ± 1.7 years). Players were observed on 6 occasions during the 2008-09 and 2009-10 seasons. Three following basketball-specific field tests were administered on each occasion: the shuttle sprint test for RSA, the vertical jump for lower body explosive strength (power), and the interval shuttle run test for interval endurance capacity. Height and weight were measured; body composition was estimated (percent fat, lean body mass). Multilevel modeling of RSA development curve was used with 32 players (16.0 ± 1.7 years) who had 2 or more observations. The 16 players (16.1 ± 1.8 years) measured on only 1 occasion were used as a control group to evaluate the appropriateness of the model. Age, lower body explosive strength, and interval endurance capacity significantly contributed to RSA (p ≤ 0.05). Repeated sprint ability improved with age from 14 to 17 years (p ≤ 0.05) and reached a plateau at 17-19 years. Predicted RSA did not significantly differ from measured RSA in the control group (p ≥ 0.05). The results suggest a potentially important role for the training of lower body explosive strength and interval endurance capacity in the development of RSA among youth basketball players. Age-specific reference values for RSA of youth players may assist basketball coaches in setting appropriate goals for individual players.

  8. Massive basketball diagram for a thermal scalar field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Jens O.; Braaten, Eric; Strickland, Michael

    2000-08-01

    The ``basketball diagram'' is a three-loop vacuum diagram for a scalar field theory that cannot be expressed in terms of one-loop diagrams. We calculate this diagram for a massive scalar field at nonzero temperature, reducing it to expressions involving three-dimensional integrals that can be easily evaluated numerically. We use this result to calculate the free energy for a massive scalar field with a φ4 interaction to three-loop order.

  9. Performance analysis of elite men's and women's wheelchair basketball teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, Miguel Ángel; Pérez, Javier; Molik, Bartosz; Szyman, Robert J; Sampaio, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to identify which game-related statistics discriminate winning and losing teams in men's and women's elite wheelchair basketball. The sample comprised all the games played during the Beijing Paralympics 2008 and the World Wheelchair Basketball Championship 2010. The game-related statistics from the official box scores were gathered and data were analysed in 2 groups: balanced games (final score differences ≤ 12 points) and unbalanced games (final score differences >13 points). Discriminant analysis allowed identifying the successful 2-point field-goals and free-throws, the unsuccessful 3-point field-goals and free-throws, the assists and fouls received as discriminant statistics between winning and losing teams in men's balanced games. In women's games, the teams were discriminated only by the successful 2-point field-goals. Linear regression analysis showed that the quality of opposition had great effects in final point differential. The field-goals percentage and free-throws rate were the most important factors in men's games, and field-goals percentage and offensive rebounding percentage in women's games. The identified trends allow improving game understanding and helping wheelchair basketball coaches to plan accurate practice sessions and, ultimately, deciding better in competition.

  10. Biomechanical Analysis of the Jump Shot in Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Struzik Artur

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Basketball players usually score points during the game using the jump shot. For this reason, the jump shot is considered to be the most important element of technique in basketball and requires a high level of performance. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics of the lower limbs during a jump shot without the ball and a countermovement jump without an arm swing. The differences between variables provide information about the potential that an athlete can utilise during a game when performing a jump shot. The study was conducted among 20 second-league basketball players by means of a Kistler force plate and the BTS SMART system for motion analysis. The variables measured included the take-off time, mean power, peak power, relative mean power, jump height, maximum landing force and calculated impact ratio. Surprisingly, more advantageous variables were found for the jump shot. This finding suggests a very high performance level in the jump shot in the studied group and a maximum utilisation of their motor abilities. Both types of jumps were characterised by high mean and peak power values and average heights. The high forces at landing, which result in considerable impact ratios, may have prompted the studied group to land softly. Use of the countermovement jump without an arm swing is recommended to assess and predict the progression of player’s jumping ability

  11. Competitive warm-up in basketball: literature review and proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Warm-up is used, accepted and performed by every participant before practising any sport. Warm-up is also considered by most sportmen as fundamental to achieve optimal performance. However, there is little scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. This lack of evidence, together with the diversity of sports, requires the standardisation of common warm-up patterns for each sport activity. As elite basketball is concerned, a large scientific gap has been found, which the present article will attempt to fill in. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are: first, conducting a literature review on all aspects of warm-up, i.e. warm-up definition, warm up types, warm-up benefits, warm-up structure (intensity, duration, recovery and specificity, influential factors, as well as what kind of stretching must be included in the warm-up; and secondly, from the conclusions obtained,  describing and proposing a methodology which is adapted to competitive warm-up for high-level basketball, so this methodology serves as a justified reference guide when going through the pre-game phase.Key Words: static stretching, dynamic stretching, generic warm-up, specific warm-up, basketball.

  12. Retention of quiet eye in older skilled basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Lennart; Rienhoff, Rebecca; Tirp, Judith; Baker, Joseph; Strauss, Bernd; Schorer, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    There is mounting research to suggest that cognitive and motor expertise is more resistant to age-related decline than more general capacities. The authors investigated the retention of skills in medium-aged skilled (n = 14) and older-aged skilled (n = 7) athletes by comparing them with medium-aged less skilled (n = 15) and older-aged less skilled (n = 15) participants. Participants performed basketball free throws and dart throws as a transfer task under standardized conditions. Motor performance (accuracy) and perceptual performance (quiet eye) were examined across the four groups. There were significant differences between skill groups and age groups in throwing accuracy on both throwing tasks. Skilled players outperformed less skilled and medium-aged players outperformed older-aged players in basketball and dart throws. There were no significant differences in quiet eye duration across the skill or age groups in either task. These results indicate expertise in a perceptual motor task such as the basketball free throw can be retained in older athletes and that present models of skill maintenance should be re-evaluated to consider the issue of transfer.

  13. Factors Affecting Ankle Support Device Usage in Young Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael D. Cusimano

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study explores factors affecting the decision of basketball players to wear ankle support devices (ASDs. A questionnaire regarding attitudes towards ASD usage was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM. The questionnaire assessed HBM perceptions (susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers and modifying factors (demographic, personal history of ankle injury, influence of coach to preventive action that may affect an athlete’s decision to wear ASDs. One hundred forty basketball players competing at the recreational, high school, or university levels completed the questionnaire, with the questionnaires being completed at the basketball gymnasium or at home. It was found that athletes whose coaches enforced ASD use were significantly more likely to wear them (OR: 35.71; 95% CI: 10.01, 127.36, as were athletes who perceived ankle injuries to be severe (OR: 2.77; 95% CI: 1.04, 7.37. Previous injury did not significantly increase the odds of using an ASD. The combined influence of coach enforcement and previous injury had the greatest effect on increasing ASD use. The largest barrier to ASD use was a lack of aesthetic appeal. Strategies aimed at increasing players’ willingness to wear ankle protection should be emphasized among coaches and parents as this may increase use of ASDs.

  14. Validity and reliability of tests determining performance-related components of wheelchair basketball

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Groot, Sonja; Balvers, Inge J. M.; Kouwenhoven, Sanne M.; Janssen, Thomas W. J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of wheelchair basketball field tests. Nineteen wheelchair basketball players performed 10 test items twice to determine the reliability. The validity of the tests was assessed by relating the scores to the players' classificat

  15. Demographic Profile and Athletic Identity of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injured Wheelchair Basketball Athletes in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasiliadis, Angelo; Evaggelinou, Christina; Avourdiadou, Sevastia; Grekinis, Petros

    2010-01-01

    An epidemiological study conducted across the country of Greece was conducted in order to determine the profile and the athletic identity of spinal cord injured (SCI) wheelchair basketball athletes who participated to the 13th Greek Wheelchair Basketball Championship and Cup. The Disability Sport Participation questionnaire was used for data…

  16. Mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball - Video analysis of 39 cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krosshaug, Tron; Nakamae, Atsuo; Boden, Barry P.; Engebretsen, Lars; Smith, Gerald; Slauterbeck, James R.; Hewett, Timothy E.; Bahr, Roald

    2007-01-01

    Background: The mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball are not well defined. Purpose: To describe the mechanisms of anterior cruciate ligament injury in basketball based on videos of injury situations. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Six international

  17. The Effects of Basketball Basic Skills Training on Gross Motor Skills Development of Female Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayazit, Betul

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of basketball basic skills training on gross motor skills development of female children in Turkey. For that purpose, 40 female children took part in the study voluntarily. Basketball basic skills test was used to improve the gross motor skills of the female children in the study. Also,…

  18. Shooting for Lithuania: Migration, national identity and men's basketball in the East of England

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evans, Adam Brian; Piggott, David

    2016-01-01

    a figurational framework to investigate the lived experiences of basketball amongst male Lithuanian migrants in the rural east of England. Semi-structured interviews highlighted participants’ motivations to migrate, their acculturation experiences and the role that basketball played during their sojourn...

  19. Gaze Behavior in Basketball Shooting: Further Evidence for Online Visual Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Rita F.; Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Beek, Peter J.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to help resolve conflicting findings and interpretations regarding the visual control of basketball shooting by examining the looking behavior of 6 expert basketball players (3 with a low shooting style and 3 with a high shooting style) executing both free throws and jump shots. Based on previous findings, they…

  20. Do field position and playing standard influence athlete performance in wheelchair basketball?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Witte, Annemarie M. H.; Hoozemans, Marco J. M.; Berger, Monique A. M.; van der Woude, Lucas H. V.; Veeger, Dirkjan (H. E. J)

    2016-01-01

    Improved understanding of mobility performance in wheelchair basketball is required to increase game performance. The aim of this study was to quantify the wheelchair-athlete activities of players in different field positions and of different playing standard during wheelchair basketball matches. Fr

  1. Do field position and playing standard influence athlete performance in wheelchair basketball?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Witte, Annemarie M H; Hoozemans, Marco J M; Berger, Monique A M; van der Woude, Lucas H V; Veeger, Dirkjan H E J

    2015-01-01

    Improved understanding of mobility performance in wheelchair basketball is required to increase game performance. The aim of this study was to quantify the wheelchair-athlete activities of players in different field positions and of different playing standard during wheelchair basketball matches. Fr

  2. We Killed Them: Trials and Tribulations of a Special Olympic Basketball Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Ron

    1980-01-01

    The coach of a basketball team recounts the experiences encountered by his team in the California Special Olympics Basketball Tournament. Three days in the team's life are traced from the time the team boards the plane to Los Angeles, through initial defeat, to victory in the fourth game and winning third place medals. (SB)

  3. Explosive strength training improves speed and agility in wheelchair basketball athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarik Ozmen

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Wheelchair basketball is a paralympic sport characterized by intermittent high-intensity activities that require explosive strength and speed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of explosive strength training on speed and agility performance in wheelchair basketball players. METHODS: Ten male wheelchair basketball players (Mage=31±4 yrs were divided into two groups [i.e. explosive strength training (ES; control (CN] based on International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF classification scores. The ES group underwent 6-weeks of training, twice weekly, at 50% 1RM, 10-12 repetitions and 3-4 sets in addition to routine training. Effects of training were measured by the 20 m sprint test and Illinois agility test. RESULTS: The ES group, showed significantly higher increases in speed and agility performance (p ≤ .05. CONCLUSION: A short-duration (i.e. 6-week explosive strength training programme in wheelchair basketball athletes results in significant improvements in sprint and agility performance.

  4. The preparation for the year main competition teams in basketball with hearing impairments with innovative technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sobko I.N.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : develop and prove experimentally comprehensive training program on the Ukrainian national team basketball with hearing impairment in the annual cycle for the major competitions. Material : The study involved 12 basketball hearing impaired 20-25 years old - female players team of Ukraine on basketball. Also analyzed the test results and competitive activity 12 basketball players with hearing impairments - Lithuanian team players. Results : We showed the need for a qualitative change in the training process through the development and application of innovative technologies. This allows a greater level of communication between the coach and athletes to intensify training process. Developed and experimentally substantiated comprehensive training program for the Ukrainian national team. In technical training device used light. This increased mobility, agility, activity and intensity workouts. In tactical training improved situational and planned change tactical drawing game using copyright protection of video tutorials with animated illustrations. Conclusions : A positive impact of the developed system for basketball training result in major competitions.

  5. Analysis of inside play in basketball Analysis of inside play in basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Pintor

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    In this research a descriptive analysis about some of the parameters implied in the inside play in basketball has been studied. Data of the 16 teams of the A.C.B. league were collected: each team was studied in an official game chosen randomly. Items of observation related with the frequency of apparition of the inside play in the game, with the time expended to offence as well as the way used to finish the play, were established. Data obtained show that in the 41,61% of global possessions appears inside play while in the 37,45% of these take place a pass toward the positions near the basket. The average time expended since starting the possession of the ball until the moment in which a pass is made is 8,41 seconds. The analysis shows the considerable capacity of resolution of players who receives an inside ball, which is represented by the percentage of times in which these players finish the offence (82,78%. A bigger number of direct actions than indirect actions to finish the offence play and a very low degree of opposition to the shot have been detected, overcoat taking in account that these shots were made in areas with a big amount of players.
    KEY WORDS: Basketball, inside play, inside pass.

     

    En el presente estudio se ha realizado una análisis descriptivo de algunos parámetros que definen el juego interior en baloncesto. Se tomaron datos de cada uno de los 16 equipos que participan en la liga A.C.B.: cada equipo fue estudiado en un encuentro oficial de competición, elegido de forma aleatoria. Se establecieron conductas de observación relacionadas con la frecuencia de aparición del juego interior en los partidos, con el tiempo empleado en el ataque, así como con la forma de resolución de la jugada. Los datos obtenidos reflejan que en el 4l,61% del total de posesiones se produce juego interior, mientras que en el 37

  6. ‘The’ pathway towards the elite level in Dutch basketball: A multidimensional and longitudinal study on the development of talented youth basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria

    2016-01-01

    Veel jonge talentvolle basketballers hebben één doel voor ogen; de top halen in hun sport. Hoe de ontwikkeling van jonge speler tot aan volwassen basketballer verloopt, is onderzocht in het promotieonderzoek van Sanne te Wierike. Dit onderzoek is uitgevoerd bij Bewegingswetenschappen (UMCG, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen). In samenwerking met het Regionaal Trainingscentrum Noord zijn 99 spelers (13 - 19 jaar) van deze jeugdopleiding vijf seizoenen lang gevolgd waarbij verschillende kenmerken zij...

  7. Offensive tactical thinking level of wheelchair basketball players in Arab countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hindawi, Omar S; Orabi, Samira; Al Arjan, Jafar; Judge, Lawrence W; Cottingham, Michael; Bellar, David Michael

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the appropriateness of offensive tactical decision-making of Arab basketball players, and to determine if there are differences in the appropriateness of offensive tactical decision-making within the various disability classifications of Arab basketball players. A twenty-question survey was formulated to assess decision-making in offensive tactical situations in wheelchair basketball players. Participants in the present study were 108 athletes from 10 Arab national teams participating in wheelchair basketball. The mean offensive tactical thinking level of wheelchair basketball players in the 20 different situations in the Arab countries ranged between 1.38-2.84, and the standard deviations for these 20 means ranged from 0.41 to 0.90. The total mean of all tactical situations was 2.33, which is moderate thinking level. The influence of the disability classification on the offensive tactical thinking of wheelchair basketball players was addressed by examining the data via a one-way ANOVA. The ANOVA revealed no significant differences among disability classifications/categories in tactical thinking (F(3, 104)=1.12, p=0.34). This study represents the first attempt to identify why Arab nations have not consistently qualified for the Paralympics or World Championships. These findings indicate that the moderate offensive tactical thinking level of wheelchair basketball players on Arab national teams may be part of the reason that performances of these teams have not been as strong as they would like.

  8. The relationship between physical fitness and shooting accuracy of professional basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris Pojskić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among physical fitness of professional Bosnian basketball players (n = 38 and shooting accuracy during one basketball season. A related, secondary aim was to examine relationships between basketball shooting assessments and competitive shooting accuracy during game play. Physical fitness components included: muscular endurance and aerobic endurance, lower and upper-body power, speed, agility, anaerobic capacity and anaerobic power. The specific basketball shooting accuracy was assessed by stationary and dynamic shooting assessments. Competitive shooting accuracy was represented by data collected during one basketball season for each player (free throw, field goal, and three-point %. Results of the regression analyses showed that there were significant positive relationships among shooting assessments and competitive shooting accuracy during game play. The relationship was stronger when the dynamic shooting tests were applied compared to the stationary tests. However, few or weak relationships existed among physical fitness components and competitive shooting accuracy. Only the power tests showed to be good predictors for shooting over longer distances. The findings support the inclusion of the dynamic basketball shooting accuracy tests in regular basketball assessment procedures as a valuable testing instrument.

  9. A comparison of the injuries sustained by female basketball and netball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, G D; Payne, W R; Goldie, P A; Oakes, B W; Stanley, J J

    1996-03-01

    A prospective and reliable method of injury surveillance was implemented to document a comprehensive injury profile in female basketball and netball. The study further aimed to compare the injury profiles of the two sports. Trained observers viewed basketball and netball games, noting the occurrence of injuries. Injuries were confirmed by questioning all players on site after the game. Injured players completed a questionnaire and the progress of their injury was monitored by telephone interview. A total of 16,162 player participations were observed; 6,972 for basketball and 9,190 for netball. Comparable injury rates were observed for female basketball and netball players; 18.22 and 17.30 injuries per 1,000 participations, respectively. The ankle, hand and knee were the body parts injured most frequently in both sports, whilst head and neck injuries were prevalent in basketball only. Netball players sustained severe injuries at a rate 3.3 times that of female basketball players. The major and severe injuries occurred at an average of one injury in 625 games in female basketball and one in 250 games in netball. The ankle, knee and calf/shin were the body parts most frequently involved in the more serious injuries.

  10. EFFECT OF INFORMATION PROCESSING AND DEPTH PERCEPTION UPON THROWING ACCURACY OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Virendra Kumar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to analyze throwing accuracy of basketball players in relation to their reasoning ability and depth perception. Materials and Methods : For present study, 200 intercollegiate basketball players (Ave. age = 21.34±1.87 years were selected as sample. Johnson Basketball Throw for Accuracy (Passing Test was the instrument which was used to assess shooting skills of selected subjects whereas reasoning ability of the selected subjects was assessed by MGTI prepared by Mehrotra (1984. To conduct the study, a 2x2 factorial design was used. Superior and inferior reasoning and perceptual abilities were ascertained by statistical method Q1 and Q3. 2x2 ANOVA results showed that the main effect of reasoning ability was not found to be statistically significant upon throwing accuracy of basketball players although it is close to .05 level of significance. Results : The main effect of depth perception upon throwing accuracy of basketball players turned out to be statistically significant. The two factor interaction effect of reasoning ability and depth perception upon throwing accuracy of basketball players was found to be statistically insignificant. Conclusion : It was concluded that reasoning ability and to some extent depth perception, are the two major variables which generate variance upon throwing accuracy of basketball players.

  11. Visual tracking speed is related to basketball-specific measures of performance in NBA players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangine, Gerald T; Hoffman, Jay R; Wells, Adam J; Gonzalez, Adam M; Rogowski, Joseph P; Townsend, Jeremy R; Jajtner, Adam R; Beyer, Kyle S; Bohner, Jonathan D; Pruna, Gabriel J; Fragala, Maren S; Stout, Jeffrey R

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between visual tracking speed (VTS) and reaction time (RT) on basketball-specific measures of performance. Twelve professional basketball players were tested before the 2012-13 season. Visual tracking speed was obtained from 1 core session (20 trials) of the multiple object tracking test, whereas RT was measured by fixed- and variable-region choice reaction tests, using a light-based testing device. Performance in VTS and RT was compared with basketball-specific measures of performance (assists [AST]; turnovers [TO]; assist-to-turnover ratio [AST/TO]; steals [STL]) during the regular basketball season. All performance measures were reported per 100 minutes played. Performance differences between backcourt (guards; n = 5) and frontcourt (forward/centers; n = 7) positions were also examined. Relationships were most likely present between VTS and AST (r = 0.78; p basketball-specific performance measures. Backcourt players were most likely to outperform frontcourt players in AST and very likely to do so for VTS, TO, and AST/TO. In conclusion, VTS seems to be related to a basketball player's ability to see and respond to various stimuli on the basketball court that results in more positive plays as reflected by greater number of AST and STL and lower turnovers.

  12. The Effects of Plyometric Type Neuromuscular Training on Postural Control Performance of Male Team Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadi, Abbas; Saez de Villarreal, Eduardo; Arazi, Hamid

    2015-07-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are common in basketball athletes; common preventive programs for decreasing these injures may be enhancing postural control (PC) or balance with plyometric training. This study investigated the efficiency of plyometric training program within basketball practice to improve PC performance in young basketball players. Sixteen players were recruited and assigned either to a plyometric + basketball training group (PT) or basketball training group (BT). All players trained twice per week, but the PT + BT followed a 6-week plyometric program implemented within basketball practice, whereas the BT followed regular practice. The star excursion balance test (SEBT) at 8 directions (anterior, A; anteromedial, AM; anterolateral, AL; medial, M; lateral, L; posterior, P; posteromedial, PM; and posterolateral, PL) was measured before and after the 6-week period. The PT group induced significant improvement (p ≤ 0.05) and small to moderate effect size in the SEBT (A = 0.95, AM = 0.62, AL = 0.61, M = 0.36, L = 0.47, P = 0.27, PM = 0.25, PL = 0.24). No significant improvements were found in the BT group. Also, there were significant differences between groups in all directions except PM and PL. An integrated plyometric program within the regular basketball practice can lead to significant improvements in SEBT and consequently PC. It can be recommended that strength and conditioning professionals use PT to enhance the athletes' joint awareness and PC to reduce possible future injuries in the lower extremity.

  13. "White men can't jump." But can they throw? Social perception in European basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furley, P; Dicks, M

    2014-10-01

    In the present article, we investigate the influence of sociocultural stereotypes on the impression formation of basketball players and coaches. In Experiment 1 (n = 32), participants were shown a picture of a black or white basketball player prior to observation of a point-light video of a player executing a basketball free throw. The participant was informed that the player depicted in the picture was executing the free throw. Results indicated that ethnicity of the target player significantly influenced participant evaluations, demonstrating specific stereotypes about black and white basketball players when evaluating performance. In Experiment 2 (n = 30), results derived from the Implicit Association Test indicated that black players are implicitly associated with athletic player attributes. The results are in line with social schema theory and demonstrate that - similar to findings that have been reported in the United States - a subpopulation of German basketball players and coaches hold specific stereotypes about the abilities of black and white basketball athletes. These stereotypes bias impression formation when coaches and players make assessments of basketball performance.

  14. Relationship between general and specific coordination in 8- to 17-year-old male basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamandulis, Sigitas; Venckūnas, Tomas; Masiulis, Nerijus; Matulaitis, Kestutis; Balciūnas, Mindaugas; Peters, Derek; Skurvydas, Albertas

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between general coordination, sport-specific coordination, and sport-specific fitness of 8- to 17-year-old male basketball players. 312 males with training experience ranging from one year in the 8-year-old cohort up to 10 years for the 17-year-olds performed basketball-specific fitness (20 m sprint, Illinois, countermovement jump), general coordination (20 m run with three obstacles), semi-basketball-specific coordination (20 m sprint dribbling two balls, countermovement jump with arm swing) and basketball-specific coordination (Illinois ball dribbling) tests. There were moderate to large correlations between the results of both general and basketball-specific coordination with the results of most basketball-specific coordination tests in all age groups. Correlations between general and basketball-specific coordination were large in four age groups (11-14 yr., r = .52 to r = .76), moderate in five groups (8-10, 15 & 16 yr., r = .37 to r = .46), while not significant in the 17-year-olds. These results suggest that the importance of general coordination for sport-specific skills improvements during a sports-specific skill acquisition phase, remains high at the skill refinement phase, and decreases when sport-specific skills have been mastered to near-perfection.

  15. Physical rehabilitation athletes for prevention of fatigue in women's basketball

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    Osipov Vitalij Nikolaevich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The results of research on the impact of physical rehabilitation for adaptive systems of the body athletes, especially the functioning of which were determined by the parameters of central hemodynamics and physical performance for the step-test PWC170. The study attended by 17 basketball Premier League at the age of 18-25 years. In developed and offered by us Rehabilitation Complex includes the following remedial means: special breathing exercises, yoga elements of gymnastics, Motivational, different types of sports massage and hidroprotsedury, which contributed to more effective recovery of athletes and improve their physical performance.

  16. Can Timeouts Change the Outcome of Basketball Games?

    CERN Document Server

    Saavedra, Serguei; Bagrow, James P

    2012-01-01

    In basketball, timeouts are believed to reverse the momentum of a game. However, here we show timeouts have no significant effect on the final outcomes of games. Moreover, we find that the timeout factor only appears to reinforce the game of dominant teams, meaning that only the most successful teams can find any positive benefit. We find no association with team payrolls, suggesting that richer teams are not particularly better at capitalizing on timeouts. Our findings support that strategic breaks have little impact on workplace performance and productivity.

  17. Basketball in physical education of non sport universities

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    Zaschuk S.G.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available A health of students of unathletic institutes of higher level is studied. It is rotined that over modernization of the system of physical education brought to considerable reduction of audience employments on a physical culture. Connection is considered between the low level of health of student young people and reduction of audience employments on physical education. Insufficient motivation is marked to independent employments by physical exercises, decline of motive activity of students. Efficiency of application of basket-ball is grounded in the process of physical education of students.

  18. Projectile motion in real-life situation: Kinematics of basketball shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changjan, A.; Mueanploy, W.

    2015-06-01

    Basketball shooting is a basic practice for players. The path of the ball from the players to the hoop is projectile motion. For undergraduate introductory physics courses student must be taught about projectile motion. Basketball shooting can be used as a case study for learning projectile motion from real-life situation. In this research, we discuss the relationship between optimal angle, minimum initial velocity and the height of the ball before the player shoots the ball for basketball shooting problem analytically. We found that the value of optimal angle and minimum initial velocity decreases with increasing the height of the ball before the player shoots the ball.

  19. The effect of perceived streakiness on the shot-taking behaviour of basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapo, Peter; Avugos, Simcha; Raab, Markus; Bar-Eli, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We examine behavioural changes of basketball players arising from the hot-hand belief and use data of 1216 National Basketball Association games to measure the effect of cold and hot streaks on three proxies of shot difficulty. We find that the more consecutive shots players make (miss), the more difficult (easier) shots become along the three dimensions. Furthermore, most players' performance seems to improve during hot streaks because they attempt more difficult shots while no significant decrease in shooting accuracy takes place. This might explain why most previous studies could not find empirical evidence for the hot-hand belief in basketball when considering in-game field goal shooting.

  20. Reciprocity on the hardwood: passing patterns among professional basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willer, Robb; Sharkey, Amanda; Frey, Seth

    2012-01-01

    Past theory and research view reciprocal resource sharing as a fundamental building block of human societies. Most studies of reciprocity dynamics have focused on trading among individuals in laboratory settings. But if motivations to engage in these patterns of resource sharing are powerful, then we should observe forms of reciprocity even in highly structured group environments in which reciprocity does not clearly serve individual or group interests. To this end, we investigated whether patterns of reciprocity might emerge among teammates in professional basketball games. Using data from logs of National Basketball Association (NBA) games of the 2008-9 season, we estimated a series of conditional logistic regression models to test the impact of different factors on the probability that a given player would assist another player in scoring a basket. Our analysis found evidence for a direct reciprocity effect in which players who had "received" assists in the past tended to subsequently reciprocate their benefactors. Further, this tendency was time-dependent, with the probability of repayment highest soon after receiving an assist and declining as game time passed. We found no evidence for generalized reciprocity - a tendency to "pay forward" assists - and only very limited evidence for indirect reciprocity - a tendency to reward players who had sent others many assists. These findings highlight the power of reciprocity to shape human behavior, even in a setting characterized by extensive planning, division of labor, quick decision-making, and a focus on inter-group competition.

  1. Reciprocity on the hardwood: passing patterns among professional basketball players.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robb Willer

    Full Text Available Past theory and research view reciprocal resource sharing as a fundamental building block of human societies. Most studies of reciprocity dynamics have focused on trading among individuals in laboratory settings. But if motivations to engage in these patterns of resource sharing are powerful, then we should observe forms of reciprocity even in highly structured group environments in which reciprocity does not clearly serve individual or group interests. To this end, we investigated whether patterns of reciprocity might emerge among teammates in professional basketball games. Using data from logs of National Basketball Association (NBA games of the 2008-9 season, we estimated a series of conditional logistic regression models to test the impact of different factors on the probability that a given player would assist another player in scoring a basket. Our analysis found evidence for a direct reciprocity effect in which players who had "received" assists in the past tended to subsequently reciprocate their benefactors. Further, this tendency was time-dependent, with the probability of repayment highest soon after receiving an assist and declining as game time passed. We found no evidence for generalized reciprocity - a tendency to "pay forward" assists - and only very limited evidence for indirect reciprocity - a tendency to reward players who had sent others many assists. These findings highlight the power of reciprocity to shape human behavior, even in a setting characterized by extensive planning, division of labor, quick decision-making, and a focus on inter-group competition.

  2. Somatotype and size of elite female basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, J E L; Ackland, T R; Kerr, D A; Stapff, A B

    2005-10-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the somatotype and size of elite female basketball players in terms of playing position and team performance. Anthropometry and somatotype data were collected on 168 players from 14 countries before the Women's World Basketball Championship, Australia, 1994. There were 64 guards (mean +/- s: age 25.4 +/- 3.3 years, height 1.72 +/- 0.06 m, mass 66.1 +/- 6.2 kg, somatotype = 2.9-3.9-2.6), 57 forwards (age 25.2 +/- 3.8 years, height 1.81 +/- 0.06 m, mass 73.3 +/- 5.9 kg, somatotype = 2.8-3.5-3.2) and 47 centres (age 24.1 +/- 3.1 years, height 1.90 +/- 0.06 m, mass 82.6 +/- 8.2 kg, somatotype = 3.2-3.1-3.4). Mean somatotypes by position were significantly different (F = 7.73, P somatotypes by position and team placing, but the combination of height, mass and ectomorphy provide the best differentiation by position.

  3. Graded shuttle run performance by playing positions in elite female basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Štrumbelj, Boro; Vučković, Goran; Jakovljević, Saša; Milanović, Zoran; James, Nic; Erčulj, Frane

    2015-03-01

    A graded shuttle run test was used to assess differences in physiological parameters between playing positions in elite female basketball players. Twenty-four female basketball players (8 guards, 8 forwards, and 8 centers) who played for the senior national teams of Slovenia and Serbia were tested with the 30-15 intermittent fitness test. During the shuttle run, the following physiological parameters were measured: oxygen consumption ((Equation is included in full-text article.)), carbon dioxide production ((Equation is included in full-text article.)), pulmonary ventilation (VE) breath by breath, respiratory quotient, oxygen pulse as the (Equation is included in full-text article.)vs. HR ratio and [LA]. No significant differences were found for any of the measures between the 3 playing positions. Although this finding was surprising, future studies should try to determine whether the tactics used in female basketball determine that the interpositional differences seen in male basketball are not evident.

  4. The System Design of Wireless Basketball Timer Based on MCU and NRF24L01

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    Xie Ying

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Currently, Basketball players must know the progress well in time in the game, the presence of electronic timer with LED display influences the basketball games. The wired operation influences the control distance, control reliability, control efficiency and so on. So how to make it longer, anti-interference, easy operation and high efficiency is a difficult problem. A kind of wireless basketball timer is designed based on micro-computer unit (MCU and wireless nRF24L01 module to compensate for the existing disadvantages, which has LED digital tube of large size for the section number display and middle size for game display and 24s display. The user is easy to carry and control the timer wirelessly at any place in the basketball court using the sending control device. The test results show that the system, easy to control and stable to operate, is reliable to transmit the wireless data.

  5. Relationship between Core Stability Muscle Endurance and Static and Dynamic Balance in Basketball Players

    OpenAIRE

    farzaneh saki; masumeh Baghban

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Balancing is the most basic function of the neuromuscular system in performing all simple and complex activities that contribute to health-related physical fitness. Core stability may be a contributing factor to static and dynamic balance. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between core stability muscle endurance and static and dynamic balance in basketball players. Methods: 100 basketball players (50 female and 50 male players) were selected randomly bas...

  6. Feature of the reaction to physical exertion of the students, engaged in basketball and judo

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    Evdokimov E.I.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the results of multifactor method of express-diagnostics S. Dushanin and evaluation vegetovascular regulation to predict the reaction of students involved in basketball and judo to physical activity. It is shown that the reaction of basketball has the same type that suits the sport. In judo identified two opposing tendencies of functional changes. Study shows promise to control the training process, the ratio of different types of metabolism.

  7. Risk factors for patellar tendinopathy in basketball and volleyball players: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Worp, H; van Ark, M; Zwerver, J; van den Akker-Scheek, I

    2012-12-01

    Patellar tendinopathy (PT) has a multifactorial etiology, and many possible risk factors have been described in the literature. The findings are conflicting, though, and most research has been conducted on elite athletes. The aim of the current study is to determine the risk factors for PT in a large representative sample of basketball and volleyball players. Separate risk factors for men and women, basketball and volleyball players, and athletes with unilateral and bilateral PT were identified. All basketball and volleyball players between ages 18 and 35 from the Dutch Basketball Association and the Dutch Volleyball Association were invited to complete an online questionnaire on knee complaints and risk factors for PT. The logistic regression analyses included 2224 subjects. The risk factors for PT were age, playing at the national level, being male and playing volleyball (compared with playing basketball). The risk factors for men and women were comparable. Among volleyball players, outside hitters and middle blockers/hitters had an increased risk compared with setters. For basketball players, no risk factors could be identified. No differences in the risk factors were found between athletes with unilateral and bilateral PT. These findings should be taken into account for prevention and rehabilitation purposes.

  8. The influence of visual contextual information on the emergence of the especial skill in basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stöckel, Tino; Breslin, Gavin

    2013-10-01

    We examined whether basketball throwing performance in general and motor skill specificity from the free throw distance in particular are influenced by visual contextual information. Experienced basketball players (N = 36) performed basketball set shots at five distances from the basket. Of particular interest was the performance from the free throw distance (4.23 m), at which experienced basketball players are expected to show superior performance compared with nearby locations as a result of massive amounts of practice. Whereas a control group performed the shots on a regular basketball court, the distance between the rim and the free throw line was either increased or decreased by 30 cm in two experimental groups. Findings showed that only the control group had a superior performance from the free throw distance, and the experimental groups did not. Moreover, all groups performed more accurately from the perceived free throw line (independent of its location) compared with nearby locations. The findings suggest that visual context information influences the presence of specificity effects in experienced performers. The findings have theoretical implications for explaining the memory representation underlying the especial skill effect in basketball.

  9. The political economy of women’s professional basketball in the United States: A structure-conduct-performance approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel ANTHONY

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the political economy of women’s professional basketball in the United States, including both the American Basketball League (ABL and the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA. To do so, we employ the structure-conductperformance paradigm (hereafter SCP from industrial organization. In addition to the importance of television revenues and corporate sponsorships to the success of the leagues, we find evidence of economies of scope, bilateral monopoly issues, and reverse causality in the SCP paradigm as applied to women’s professional basketball in the United States.

  10. Traumatic manubriosternal joint subluxations in two basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, C C

    1988-10-01

    Two cases of traumatic manubriosternal joint subluxation without rib fractures in basketball players are illustrated. The incidence of this sport injury is rare. Accidental or intentional violent blows of the elbow to the body of the sternum is the mechanism of this injury. Radiographic analysis of the manubriosternal joint is discussed. Radiographically, the body of the sternum in each case has subluxated posteriorly. The athletes present pain directly at the manubriosternal joint; this may be aggravated by active thoracic hyperflexion or hyperextension. Ordinary or deep breathing does not cause discomfort. Palpation may reveal local tenderness that will be accentuated by ballottement against the manubrium. Conservative treatment consists of manipulative hyperflexion reduction supplemented with antiinflammatory or analgesic cream, cryotherapy, taping or with pad, strapping and rest.

  11. Media value of the Basketball World Cup 2006

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    Pedro Garcia-del-Barrio

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The number of businesses whose activities are based on immaterial assets is growing very rapidly, which demands new ways of evaluating the economic relevance of intangible assets. The aim of this study is precisely to examine the Basketball World Cup 2006 -a particular experience within the industry of spectacle - through applying a novel methodology. The analysis of this sport event is an interesting exercise in itself, since it allows achieving important lessons and conclusions. Yet, the scope of this paper is broader, including another major goal. Effectively, the present study illustrates the potential capacity that ESIrg methodology has for evaluating intangible assets of different types and character (that must not necessary be linked to the sport industry.

  12. Accuracy of Skill Performance in the Basketball Free Throw Shooting

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    Igawa Shoji

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study were to investigates how timing of shot of skilled player and assess performance accuracy of free throw shooting. Ten college students participated in this study (5 skilled players, and 5 naïve participants aged 18-23 years. They performed free throw shooting at 10 times. Shooting seen was recorded three cameras and analyzed shooting successful rate, off-target distance (the distance between the basketball through point and the center of the goal and shot timing. Shot timing was not significant difference. Shooting successful rate of skilled players was higher than unskilled players. Offtarget distance of skilled players was significant smaller than naive player. Consequently, skilled player is possible to aim at the center of the goal and shooting near the center of goal.

  13. HORMONAL ANALYSIS IN ELITE BASKETBALL DURING A SEASON

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    Xavi Schelling

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In elite basketball, the high demands of competition and training require a detailed follow-up of the effects on the player's performance and health. Controlling these effects could improve the knowledge about the players' recovery process and allow a better design of their individual workloads. Aim: To describe the behavior of the total testosterone serum levels (T, cortisol (C and T/C ratio. Methodology: 8 blood samples were collected during the whole season of an elite basketball team (n=8 of the First Spanish Division (ACB. The samples were taken every 4-6 weeks, at 8:00 AM, after 24-36 hours of post-game recovery. Results: T increases after 4 after 3.5 days of rest (6th vs. 1st, p=0.039; 6th vs. 5th, p=0.041 and decreases significantly at the end of the season (8th vs. 7th, p=0.003. C does not show significant variation along the season. T/C ratio shows a significant decrease at the end of the season (8th vs. 1st , p=0.021; 8th vs. 7th, p=0.017 and in VarT/C (8th vs. 1st, p=0.005; 8th vs. 7th, p=0.036. Conclusions: Concentration values as well as percentages of variation are useful indicators to describe the studied parameters. T/C ratio and/or T could be used as recovery state indicators and could even induce, in conjunction with other indicators, necessary actions to optimize individual workloads. Future investigations should compare these variations to objective workload parameters and/or other hormonal modulators.

  14. STUDY ON THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING IN JUNIOR I BASKETBALL PLAYERS

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    Savu Cristian Florian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available STUDY ON THE CONTENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING IN JUNIOR I BASKETBALL PLAYERS24 october 2015 back Current archive Domain:Sport de performanta Tags:sport training physical training physiological indicators Savu Cristian Florian Abstract Sports training must benefit from scientific progress of fundamental research, which he conducted on it considerably influence through concrete answers in getting sports performance. Sports training must be subjected to rational application of principles and objectives to ensure a successful and analysing progress in training. Research objectives: To assess the level of general and specific physical training of junior basketball players I in dependent on the objectives of the team and the game. Determine the program for general and specific physical training and operational resources necessary in the framework of the annual training and incorporation of periods of junior basketball players I. Experimental verification of the rationale and effectiveness of sports training methodology based on global and differentiated treatment of General and specific physical training of junior basketball players I. Studies and research will demonstrate that the level of physical preparation has baschetbalistilor is characterized by a rather large difference in age, the dependence of the athletes and team performance goals to which they belong. Contributing research: Investigation will show that the physical training of basketball is characterized by a pretty big difference, depending on the age of the athletes playing position and team performance objectives they belong. Today, basketball is trying to universalise game stations, where each athlete can perform tasks, skills and abilities of every post game in different situations. Our research is based on the scientific-methodical argument preparation and differentiated global players primarily in terms of physical preparation. Hypothesis paper: General and specific physical

  15. Self-Talk in Wheelchair Basketball: The Effects of an Intervention Program on Dribbling and Passing Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbalis, Thomas; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis; Theodorakis, Yannis

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a self-talk intervention program on performance of wheelchair basketball drills. Twenty-two (N = 22) wheelchair basketball athletes from two different clubs of the same league participated in the study. The duration of the intervention was 12 weeks and its aim was the improvement of two…

  16. Growth, maturation, functional capacities and sport-specific skills in 12-13 year-old- basketball players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coelho e Silva, M. J.; Moreira Carvalho, H.; Goncalves, C. E.; Figueiredo, A. J.; Elferink-Gemser, M. T.; Philippaerts, R. M.; Malina, R. M.

    2010-01-01

    Aim. The influence of maturity status on body size, functional capacities and basketball-specific skills was evaluated and multivariate relationships between domains of variables were examined in 80 male basketball players 12.0-13.9 years. Methods. Height, body mass and two skinfolds were measured.

  17. Psychosocial Factors Involved in Transitions from College to Postcollege Careers for Male NCAA Division-1 Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Paul; O'Boyle, Ian

    2015-01-01

    This article investigated the key psychosocial factors that impact upon National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division-1 male basketball players, as they transition from college to postcollege athletic or nonathletic careers. Participants (N = 9) were current/former NCAA Division-1 basketball players. Four participants were selected…

  18. Incidence and pattern of injuries among adolescent basketball players in Nigeria

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    Owoeye Oluwatoyosi Babatunde

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Basketball is the second most popular sport in Nigeria after football and is commonly played by adolescents. Prospective studies on adolescent basketball players in Nigeria are lacking. Such studies will help to develop injury counter-measures. Hence, this study aimed at determining the incidence and pattern of injuries among adolescent basketball players in Nigeria. Methods A prospective observational study involving 141 adolescent basketball players (75 boys and 66 girls; with age range 15 – 18 years who participated in the 2010 National Finals of the Nigeria Nestlé Milo Basketball Competition. Basketball-related injury data were collected by an assessor during the competition using a standardized basketball injury report form. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results A total of 32 injuries were recorded with an incidence of 22.7 injuries per 100 participants same for boys and girls. This is equivalent to 1.1 injury per match for boys and 0.9 injuries per match for girls. Jumping/landing was the most common cause of injury (28.1%, N = 9. Most of the injuries were at the lower extremities (75%, N = 24; with majority at the knee joint (40.6%, N = 13. Ligament sprain was the most common types of injury. The pattern of injuries among boys did not significantly differ from that of girls (P > 0.05. Most injuries (N = 13, 41% occurred in the offensive half of the court and cryotherapy was the most frequently used treatment modality. Conclusion The overall incidence of match injury among adolescent amateur basketball players during a national competition in Nigeria was 22.7 injuries per 100 participants; equivalence of 1.0 injury per match. The pattern of injuries was similar in both genders and consistent with what has been previously reported in literature for adolescent basketball players. Exercise-based injury prevention programmes aimed at improving core strength and

  19. Emotional Intelligence and Will to Win: The Invincible and Invisible Phenomenon in Basketball Sports

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    Davinder SINGH

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the emotional intelligence and will to win level among female basketball players. A group of fifty (N=50 female inter-college level basketball players of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab were selected for this study. The purposive sampling technique was used to attain the objectives of the study. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study. Summarizing the findings we can say that significant differences were found among female basketball players on the sub-variables of Emotional Intelligence i.e., Self-awareness, Empathy, Self-development, Value orientation and Altruistic behaviour. However no-significant no significant differences were found among female basketball players on the sub-variables of Emotional Intelligence i.e., Self-motivation, Emotional stability, Managing relations, Integrity and Commitment. Conculdingly from the above findings that insignificant differences were present among female basketball players on the sub-variables of will to win.

  20. Mental health and social participation skills of wheelchair basketball players: a controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiorilli, Giovanni; Iuliano, Enzo; Aquino, Giovanna; Battaglia, Claudia; Giombini, Arrigo; Calcagno, Giuseppe; di Cagno, Alessandra

    2013-11-01

    The aim of this study was to assess differences in psychological well-being, symptomatic psychological disorders and social participation, between competitive wheelchair basketball participants and those non-participants. Forty-six wheelchair participants, 24 Basketball players (aged 35.60 ± 7.56) and 22 non-players (aged 36.20 ± 6.23), completed three validated self-report questionnaires: Participation Scale (PS), Psychological Well-Being Scale [PWBS] and Symptom Checklist 90 R [SCL-90-R]. ANOVA showed significant overall differences between the two groups. The social restriction score, evaluated by PS, was significantly higher in the non-basketball participants (p=0.00001) than the basketball participants. The PWB Scale showed significant differences in all 6 dimensions: positive relations with others, environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life and self-acceptance (pbasketball participants. The SCL-90-R scores were significantly lower for the basketball group in the following 6 symptomatic dimensions: depression, phobic anxiety, and sleep disorder (pbasketball participants showed better psychological well-being and social skills than those non-participants.

  1. Is coaching experience associated with effective use of timeouts in basketball?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Serguei; Mukherjee, Satyam; Bagrow, James P.

    2012-09-01

    Experience is an important asset in almost any professional activity. In basketball, there is believed to be a positive association between coaching experience and effective use of team timeouts. Here, we analyze both the extent to which a team's change in scoring margin per possession after timeouts deviate from the team's average scoring margin per possession--what we called timeout factor, and the extent to which this performance measure is associated with coaching experience across all teams in the National Basketball Association over the 2009-2012 seasons. We find that timeout factor plays a minor role in the scoring dynamics of basketball. Surprisingly, we find that timeout factor is negatively associated with coaching experience. Our findings support empirical studies showing that, under certain conditions, mentors early in their careers can have a stronger positive impact on their teams than later in their careers.

  2. [Energy requirements in adolescents playing basketball in Russian Olympic reserve team].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinchik, A N; Baturin, A K; Petukhov, A B; Baeva, V S; Zemlianskaia, T A; Sokolov, A I; Peskova, E V; Tysiachnaia, E M

    2003-01-01

    The energy expenditure and requirements and dietary intake were studied in basketball players aged 14-16 years during 3 week-training period. The subjects of study were 14 boys and 18 girls as of the members of reserve of Russian Olympic basketball team. The dietary intake was estimated by dietary record of all food consumed within 24 hours last 7 days of training period. The energy expenditure was estimated by registration of time on different physical activity of team and multiplication on physical activity coefficient. The decrease of body mass and body mass index were observed in boys with height 195 cm and more to the end of training period. These tall boys did not consume enough food to satisfy the estimated energy requirement. It is estimated that energy need of tall basketball players is no less then 5000 kcal for boys and 3100 kcal for girls.

  3. PARTICIPATION OF MINI-BASKETBALL PLAYERS DURING SMALL-SIDED COMPETITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M\\u00AA Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the differences of competition between mini-basketball with the traditional rules (5-a-side and minibasket with rule modifications (3-a-side such as: reduced number of players on court, compulsory participation in 2 of the match's 4 periods, reduced court size, placing the free throw line at 3m from the basket, and including a three-point line. The sample that was selected included 47 mini-basketball players, and the study was carried out using a quasi-experimental design without a control group. The aim was to determine the effect of rule modifications on the participation of the player with the ball. It was demonstrated that the degree of individual participation is greater in mini-basketball with modified rules.

  4. Factors associated with deep tissue injury in male wheelchair basketball players of a Japanese national team

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    Hirotaka Mutsuzaki

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance of the sporting activity of elite athletes in adapted sports can be difficult if a secondary disorder, such as a pressure ulcer, occurs. Pressure ulcers result from deep tissue injuries by external pressure. The purpose of this study was to use ultrasonography to investigate deep tissue injuries in male wheelchair basketball players of a Japanese national team, and to determine factors associated with the injuries (e.g., body mass index, class of wheelchair basketball, underlying disease, length of athletic career, and whether use of wheelchair is primarily for playing basketball. Twenty male Japanese wheelchair basketball players on the national team for the 2012 London Paralympic Games (12 representative players and eight candidate representative players participated in this study. The sacral region and bilateral ischial regions in each athlete were examined by ultrasonography to detect low-echoic lesions indicative of deep tissue injuries. Nine (45% players had low-echoic lesions, which were detected in 10 of 60 areas. Eight lesions were detected in the sacral region and two lesions were detected in the ischial region. More players with spinal cord injury had low-echoic lesions [9 (69.2% of 13 players], compared to players with skeletal system disease [0 (0% of 7 players, p = 0.002]. Players who used a wheelchair in daily life were more likely to have low-echoic lesions [8 (66.74% of 12 players], compared to players who primarily used a wheelchair for playing basketball [1 (12.5% of 8 players, p = 0.010]. Deep tissue injuries were detected in 45% of male Japanese wheelchair basketball players on the national team. Players with spinal cord injury and players who used a wheelchair in daily life were more likely to have deep tissue injuries, particularly in the sacral region. The lesions were small, but a periodic medical check should be performed to maintain athletes' sporting life.

  5. The Functional Classification and Field Test Performance in Wheelchair Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Susana María

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Wheelchair basketball players are classified in four classes based on the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF system of competition. Thus, the aim of the study was to ascertain if the IWBF classification, the type of injury and the wheelchair experience were related to different performance field-based tests. Thirteen basketball players undertook anthropometric measurements and performance tests (hand dynamometry, 5 m and 20 m sprints, 5 m and 20 m sprints with a ball, a T-test, a Pick-up test, a modified 10 m Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test, a maximal pass and a medicine ball throw. The IWBF class was correlated (p<0.05 to the hand dynamometry (r= 0.84, the maximal pass (r=0.67 and the medicine ball throw (r= 0.67. Whereas the years of dependence on the wheelchair were correlated to the velocity (p<0.01: 5 m (r= −0.80 and 20 m (r= −0.77 and agility tests (r= −0.77, p<0.01. Also, the 20 m sprint with a ball (r= 0.68 and the T-test (r= −0.57 correlated (p<0.05 with the experience in playing wheelchair basketball. Therefore, in this team the correlations of the performance variables differed when they were related to the disability class, the years of dependence on the wheelchair and the experience in playing wheelchair basketball. These results should be taken into account by the technical staff and coaches of the teams when assessing performance of wheelchair basketball players.

  6. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PHYSICAL FITNESS AND PERFORMANCE OF MALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS IN DIFFERENT DIVISIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cihat KORKMAZ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available There is a lack of information about the influence of different practice levels on physical fitness and performance variables of male basketball players competing in different divisions. Hence, the purpose of this study is to compare selected physical fitness and performance variables of male players in Turkey National Basketball League’s Division I (D1, II (D2 and III (D3=Regional and to evaluate whether players with different divisional characteristics have different physical fitness and performance variables. From the Turkey basketball league, ninety male basketball players who are competing in the division I (n=30, division II (n=30 and division III (n=30 voluntarily participated in the study. Physical fitness (body height, mass and fat percentage and performance (vertical jump height (VJH, vertical jump power (VJP, VO2max and 20 m sprint measurements were taken in three separate consecutive days following the completion of the first session. D1 and D3 players overall weighed more and D1 players had more body fat (BF and lean body mass (LBM than D2. There were significant differences in VJP between divisions (D1>D2>D3= p≤0.05, but, the differences in sprint ability and body height were not significant. Although there was no difference between D1 and D2 in VO2max and VJH, their values were significantly higher than D3 (p≤0.05. These results showed that in spite of relatively little differences in the average physical characteristics, there were very large statistical differences between divisions in physical performance variables of male basketball players, especially VJP and LBM which is an important criterion of performance at basketball.

  7. NIR tracking assists sports medicine in junior basketball training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paeglis, Roberts; Bluss, Kristaps; Rudzitis, Andris; Spunde, Andris; Brice, Tamara; Nitiss, Edgars

    2011-07-01

    We recorded eye movements of eight elite junior basketball players. We hypothesized that a more stable gaze is correlated to a better shot rate. Upon preliminary testing we invited male juniors whose eyes could be reliably tracked in a game situation. To these ends, we used a head-mounted video-based eye tracker. The participants had no record of ocular or other health issues. No significant differences were found between shots made with and without the tracker cap, Paired samples t-test yielded p= .130 for the far and p=..900 > .050 for the middle range shots. The players made 40 shots from common far and middle range locations, 5 and 4 meters respectively for aged 14 years As expected, a statistical correlation was found between gaze fixation (in milliseconds) for the far and middle range shot rates, r=.782, p=.03. Notably, juniors who fixated longer before a shot had a more stable fixation or a lower gaze dispersion (in tracker's screen pixels), r=-.786, p=.02. This finding was augmented by the observation that the gaze dispersion while aiming at the basket was less (i.e., gaze more stable) in those who were more likely to score. We derived a regression equation linking fixation duration to shot success. We advocate infra-red eye tracking as a means to monitor player selection and training success.

  8. The problem of shot selection in basketball: "The shooter's sequence"

    CERN Document Server

    Skinner, Brian

    2011-01-01

    In basketball, every time the offense produces a shot opportunity the player with the ball must decide whether the shot is worth taking or whether the team should hold the ball and wait for a better opportunity. In this paper, I explore the question of when a team should shoot and when they should pass up the shot by considering a simple theoretical model of the shot selection process, in which the quality of shot opportunities generated by the offense are assumed to fall randomly within a uniform distribution. I derive an answer to the question "how likely must the shot be to go in before the player should take it?", and show that this "lower cutoff" for shot quality $f$ depends crucially on the number $n$ of shot opportunities remaining (say, before the shot clock expires), with larger $n$ demanding that only higher-quality shots should be taken. The function $f(n)$, which here is dubbed "the shooter's sequence", has a surprisingly intricate mathematical form, constituting a recursive, quadratic map with no...

  9. BILATERAL OS ACROMIALE IN A DIVISION I BASKETBALL PLAYER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina D. Davlin

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available An unfused acromial epiphysis, called os acromiale, can become unstable and mobile when the deltoid contracts. This may cause pain and lead to impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tearing. After sustaining a direct blow to the right shoulder, a male division I basketball player was diagnosed with impingement syndrome and an os acromiale. Following failed conservative treatment, the athlete underwent arthroscopic subacromial decompression & debridement of the loose os acromiale in the right shoulder. One year later, following a fall on the left shoulder, the athlete was diagnosed with os acromiale, impingement syndrome and a superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP lesion. Arthroscopic repair of the unstable type II SLAP lesion, together, with arthroscopic subacromial decompression, and resection of the os acromiale was performed on the left shoulder. Both surgeries were successful and the athlete was able to return to competition subsequent to completing a progressive shoulder rehabilitation program. Symptomatic os acromiale is rarely seen in young athletes. However, proper diagnosis and management is necessary for a successful recovery. Os acromiale should be considered as a part of the differential diagnosis in any athlete with rotator cuff impingement symptoms

  10. Using balance training to improve the performance of youth basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    Boccolini, G.; A. Brazzit; Bonfanti, L; Alberti, G.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 12 weeks of balance training to improve the balance and vertical jump abilities of young basketball players. Twenty-three players from two teams in the Under Fifteen Basketball Excellence category participated in the study. Participants were divided into two training groups: balance training (BAL, n = 11) and isotonic training (ISO, n = 12). Both groups were tested for balance and vertical jumps at the beginning of the competitive sea...

  11. 中美篮球文化符号构成差异与中国篮球文化的发展%Constituent differences between Chinese and American basketball cultural symbols and the development of Chinese basketball culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国立

    2014-01-01

    By carrying out a comparative analysis on Chinese and American basketball cultural symbols, the author drew the following conclusion:differences between Chinese and American basketball cultural symbols rest with that China is lacking in a basketball culture symbol carrier at the current stage, showing no independent basketball spiri-tual cultural symbols nowadays, needed to make improvements in terms of perceived objective basketball culture symbol expression form as compared with America. The development of Chinese basketball culture should be based on the height of global development of sports culture;in terms of foreign communication, China should expand the scope of basketball culture; in terms of localized construction, China should increase the magnitude of basketball professionalization development;under the background of social advancement with the times, China should inno-vate the dimensions of basketball culture development.%通过对中美篮球文化符号的对比得出如下结论:中美篮球文化符号差异在于中国现阶段缺少篮球文化符号载体,以及目前还未呈现独立的篮球精神文化符号,在被感知的客观篮球文化符号表现形式上与美国相比还有待完善。中国篮球文化的发展要立足于体育文化全球化发展的高度,在对外交流上要拓宽篮球文化的领域,在本土化建设上要提高篮球职业化发展的力度,在全社会与时俱进的背景下创新篮球文化发展的模式。

  12. STUDY OF THE DEFENSIVE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS IN PEAK PERFORMANCE BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro \\u00C1lvarez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to analyze the different defensive performance indicators in basketball, analyzing the difference in relation to success (efficacious or non-efficacious defenses and the game result (win or loss. All halfcourt offenses (n=1045 from the quarterfinal, semifinal, consolation game, and final of the 2008 Olympics Games were analyzed. In each defense phase, the following variables were analyzed with regard to the team on defense: (1 Type of defense used, (2 Pressure in offense transition, (3 Defensive switches, (4 Helping on defense, (5 Inside passes, (6 Degree of opposition when shooting, (7 Points allowed, (8 Final result of the game, and (9 Defensive efficacy. The most significant results show that: : a the type of defense that was most used was quarter-court an-on-man (man-on-man at 6.25m, but the one that was most efficacious was the half-court zone defense; b transition pressure was used in 23.83% of the game phases; c defensive switches were done in 7.85% of the game phases; d helping on defense was used in 60% of the game phases; e inside passes were taken in 30.9% of the game phases; f 38.9% of the shots were done with high opposition; and g points were scored in 42.28% of the game phases, such that winning teams allowed the opponent to score in 38.81% of the game phases, and losing teams in 45.77%.

  13. Adamkus encouraged to grant citizenship to U.S. basketball player

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kuigi uus Leedu kodakondsusseaduse muudatus lubab anda Leedu koondises mängivatele välismaa tippsportlastele Leedu kodakondsuse, lükkas president Valdas Adamkus USA korvpalluri Kathryn Douglas'e kodakondsustaotluse tagasi. Sama ka: Adamkus denies U.S. basketball star citizenship//The Baltic Times 2006, 24-30 aug., lk 4

  14. Does Testosterone Modulate Mood States and Physical Performance in Young Basketball Players?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miloski, Bernardo; Aoki, Marcelo S; de Freitas, Camila G; Schultz de Arruda, Ademir F; de Moraes, Helena S; Drago, Gustavo; Borges, Thiago O; Moreira, Alexandre

    2015-09-01

    This study aimed to examine and compare mood states profile and physical performance during different training phases between 2 groups of adolescent basketball players that were differentiated according to baseline testosterone concentration (T). The basketball players were submitted to an intensified training period (OVL) followed by a tapering period (TP). Twenty-three young male basketball players initiated the study. Experimental criteria data were used to stratify 16 players into high-testosterone (HTC) or low-testosterone (LTC) concentration groups. All the 16 athletes undertook 5 weeks of OVL followed by a 3-week TP. Saliva sampling, Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 (Yo-Yo IRL1) test and the T-test were conducted at the beginning (T1), after OVL (T2), and after TP (T3). A similar increase in internal training load was observed during OVL when compared with TP in both groups (p 0.05); however, LTC displayed a higher score for fatigue (p 0.05). In conclusion, these results suggest that LTC athletes may be more susceptible to changes in mood states during intensified training periods. In addition, data indicate that a periodized training program successfully improved the physical performance (endurance and agility) of young basketball players; however, this improvement was not affected by testosterone level.

  15. Accelerometer Load Profiles for Basketball-Specific Drills in Elite Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavi Schelling, Lorena Torres

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to quantify the workload during basketball-specific drills measured through microtechnology. Twelve professional male basketball players from the Spanish 1st Division were monitored over a 4-week period. Data were collected from 16 sessions, for a total of 95 ± 33 drills per player. Workload data (Acceleration load; AL were obtained from a tri-axial accelerometer at 100Hz sampling frequency, and were expressed over time (AL.min-1. Comparisons among training drills (i.e., 2v2, 3v3, 4v4, and 5v5 were assessed via standardized mean differences. Full-court 3v3 and 5v5 showed the highest physical demand (AL.min-1: 18.7 ± 4.1 and 17.9 ± 4.6, respectively compared with other traditional balanced basketball drills such as 2v2 and 4v4 (14.6 ± 2.8 and 13.8±2.5, respectively. The AL.min-1 on half-court showed trivial-to-moderate differences with a likely increase of ~10-20% in 2v2 drill compared with any other formats. This study provides insight into the specific requirements of a range of exercises typically performed in basketball sessions. The use of accelerometer data is presented as a useful tool in assessing the workload.

  16. Methods of technical and tactical training basketball players with hearing impairments using innovative technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to develop information technology for technical and tactical training of skilled basketball players with hearing impairments. Material : the study involved 24 women's national team athletes Ukrainian Basketball hearing impaired (age - 25-30 years. Technical protocols were processed 12 games from the World Cup and Europe, XXII Summer Deaflympics. Fixed number of shots and hit free throws, steals, rebounds and on its offensive rebounds, fouls and errors. Results : the developed system of tactical training basketball players with hearing impairments. Accentuation was made of the prevalence of method visibility while developing tactical interactions. The main result was the development of the author's method of video tutorials with animated illustrations. Also, use the lamp LS Line-3-65-12-C to control the training process athletes. Conclusions : there was a significant improvement in competitive activity athletes. Athletes performed significantly more hits from the foul line and successful shots from long range compared to main rivals. Also increased the number of interceptions in games. Application of information technology had an impact on the competitive result: basketball team of Ukraine took the second place in the Deaflympics in Sofia in 2013.

  17. Ticket Office Sexism: The Gender Gap in Pricing for NCAA Division I Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappano, Laura; Tracy, Allison J.

    2009-01-01

    Tickets to college sports--and men's and women's Division I college basketball in particular--may appear on the surface no different than tickets members of the public may buy to attend professional sporting events. But unlike professional franchises, colleges are non-profit organizations and, in many cases, public institutions. Decisions around…

  18. Division I Men's Basketball Scholarship: The Challenges of Being a Black Male Athlete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Lonnie

    2015-01-01

    The Qualitative research will explore issues that interface particularly with Black student- athletes on Division 1 basketball scholarships regarding academic readiness, academic support, family support and how the experience of a Division 1 scholarship impacted their lives. The population of Black student-athletes that the focus of the research…

  19. The Evaluation of Strength Training and Body Plyometric Effects on the Male Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayram, Metin

    2016-01-01

    This research evaluated the effects of resistance training with upper body plyometric effects on the performance of male basketball players. Sixteen males in the physical education and sport science faculty of Ataturk University were randomly determined into two groups. The experimental group performed a combined strength and plyometric training…

  20. Effects of slackline training on postural control, jump performance, and myoelectrical activity in female basketball players

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santos, Luis; Fernández-Río, Javier; Fernández-García, Benjamín

    2016-01-01

    The main goal of the study was to assess the effects of slackline training on the postural control system and jump performance of athletes. Twenty-five female basketball players were randomized into 2 groups: control (N 12) and experimental (N 13). The latter experienced a 6-week supervised...

  1. Training for Women's Basketball: A Biomechanical Emphasis for Preventing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettitt, Robert W.; Bryson, Erin R.

    2002-01-01

    Summarizes proposed variables linked with higher incidences of anterior cruciate ligament tears in females and the biomechanical aspects of the lower extremity during the performance of common basketball skills, focusing on gender differences in knee joint stability and neuromuscular control, biomechanical aspects of lower extremity skills in…

  2. THE EFFICIENCY OF THE THROWS-IN UNDER THE BOARD IN BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onose I.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Basketball is a rich game in techniques, with a variety of tactical actions, presenting tendencies of universalism by requiring players with advanced technical training to meet the demands of the game. The issue of training and development of the tactical thinking is a factor to which special attention must be given in training athletes and in the game, but also in training the future teachers and coaches in basketball. Tactics is an active contribution in the game of reason, seeking to capitalize on the preparation of the players and of the team, taking into account the opponent's weaknesses. So, using the moments when the attacking team, in the game of basketball, is around the adverse basket, there is a great probability to obtain favorable situations for marking points which may contribute to the final victory. For this reason in the 30 lessons allocated on the fixed moments of the game we are using a large number of repetitions, modern tools and complex, simplify situations during matches. Were also selected six tactical combinations of throwing the ball under adverse panel that have demonstrated effectiveness in the two games check. It was found that the optimal approach to reinstatement under adverse panel leads to effective fixed moments of the game achieving the objectives in the offensive basketball: marking as many points.

  3. Trait compensation and sex-specific aging of performance in male and female professional basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lailvaux, Simon P; Wilson, Robbie; Kasumovic, Michael M

    2014-05-01

    Phenotypic traits are often influenced by dynamic resource allocation trade-offs which, when occurring over the course of individual lifespan, may manifest as trait aging. Although aging is studied for a variety of traits that are closely tied to reproduction or reproductive effort, the aging of multiple traits related to fitness in other ways are less well understood. We took advantage of almost 30 years of data on human whole-organism performance in the National Basketball Association (USA) to examine trends of aging in performance traits associated with scoring. Given that patterns of aging differ between sexes in other animal species, we also analyzed a smaller dataset on players in the Women's National Basketball Association to test for potential sex differences in the aging of comparable traits. We tested the hypothesis that age-related changes in a specific aspect of overall performance can be compensated for by elevated expression of another, related aspect. Our analyses suggest that the aging of performance traits used in basketball is generally characterized by senescence in males, whereas age-related changes in basketball performance are less evident in females. Our data also indicate a different rate of senescence of different performance traits associated with scoring over a male's lifetime.

  4. The influence of physical and cognitive factors on reactive agility performance in men basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron; Humphries, Brendan; Tucker, Patrick S; Dalbo, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the influence of physical and cognitive measures on reactive agility performance in basketball players. Twelve men basketball players performed multiple sprint, Change of Direction Speed Test, and Reactive Agility Test trials. Pearson's correlation analyses were used to determine relationships between the predictor variables (stature, mass, body composition, 5-m, 10-m and 20-m sprint times, peak speed, closed-skill agility time, response time and decision-making time) and reactive agility time (response variable). Simple and stepwise regression analyses determined the individual influence of each predictor variable and the best predictor model for reactive agility time. Morphological (r = -0.45 to 0.19), sprint (r = -0.40 to 0.41) and change-of-direction speed measures (r = 0.43) had small to moderate correlations with reactive agility time. Response time (r = 0.76, P = 0.004) and decision-making time (r = 0.58, P = 0.049) had large to very large relationships with reactive agility time. Response time was identified as the sole predictor variable for reactive agility time in the stepwise model (R(2) = 0.58, P = 0.004). In conclusion, cognitive measures had the greatest influence on reactive agility performance in men basketball players. These findings suggest reaction and decision-making drills should be incorporated in basketball training programmes.

  5. Generality of the Matching Law as a Descriptor of Shot Selection in Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alferink, Larry A.; Critchfield, Thomas S.; Hitt, Jennifer L.; Higgins, William J.

    2009-01-01

    Based on a small sample of highly successful teams, past studies suggested that shot selection (two- vs. three-point field goals) in basketball corresponds to predictions of the generalized matching law. We examined the generality of this finding by evaluating shot selection of college (Study 1) and professional (Study 3) players. The matching law…

  6. Repeated sprint ability in young basketball players: one vs. two changes of direction (Part 1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padulo, Johnny; Laffaye, Guillaume; Haddad, Monoem; Chaouachi, Anis; Attene, Giuseppe; Migliaccio, Gian Mario; Chamari, Karim; Pizzolato, Fabio

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to compare the changes of direction on repeated sprint ability (RSA) vs. intensive repeated sprint ability (IRSA) protocols in basketball. Eighteen young male basketball players performed on RSA [10 × 30-m (15 + 15-m, one change of direction)] and IRSA [10 × 30-m (10 + 10 + 10-m, two changes of direction)]. A correlation matrix between RSA, IRSA, "squat jump (SJ)-countermovement jump (CMJ)", footstep analysis and total distance in Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 was performed. The best time, worst time, total time and the number of footsteps were significantly smaller in the RSA test compared to IRSA test (P  0.80, P  0.478, P  0.515, P  0.489, P basketball game's actions (~2 s). Besides, IRSA could be an appropriate choice for assessing both RSA and changes of direction capacities in basketball players.

  7. Influence of basketball shoe mass, outsole traction, and forefoot bending stiffness on three athletic movements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worobets, Jay; Wannop, John William

    2015-09-01

    Prior research has shown that footwear can enhance athletic performance. However, public information is not available on what basketball shoe properties should be selected to maximise movement performance. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of basketball shoe mass, outsole traction, and forefoot bending stiffness on sprinting, jumping, and cutting performance. Each of these three basketball shoe properties was systematically varied by ± 20% to produce three shoe conditions of varying mass, three conditions of varying traction, and three conditions of varying bending stiffness. Each shoe was tested by 20 recreational basketball players completing maximal effort sprints, vertical jumps, and a cutting drill. Outsole traction had the largest influence on performance, as the participants performed significantly worse in all tests when traction was decreased by 20% (p < 0.001), and performed significantly better in the cutting drill when traction was increased by 20% (p = 0.005). Forefoot bending stiffness had a moderate effect on sprint and cutting performance (p = 0.013 and p = 0.016 respectively) and shoe mass was found to have no effect on performance. Therefore, choosing a shoe with relatively high outsole traction and forefoot bending stiffness should be prioritised, and less concern should be focused on selecting the lightest shoe.

  8. Generations: Academic and Athletic Integration of a Southern PWI Basketball Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Langston; Harrison, Louis, Jr.; Bimper, Albert Y.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: (a) analyze the insights and experiences of the 1st African American student-athlete (in basketball) at a prominent predominantly White institution in the Deep South as well as the later insights and experiences of his sons at the same university; and (b) to present a counterstory to the dominant…

  9. Assessment of Challenges and Opportunity of Basketball Developments in Some Selected Regions in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tufa, Gemechu Beker

    2015-01-01

    The intent of this study is to assess the challenges and Opportunity of Basketball development of in Some Selected Regions Ethiopia. The research made Addis Ababa, Oromia, Gambella and South Nation Nationality and People Regional States as the sites of this study. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches particularly a descriptive survey were…

  10. The influence of basketball dribbling on repeated high-intensity intermittent runs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaowei Kong

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: The results suggest that the Yo-Yo IE2 test could reflect the repeatability of high-intensity intermittent basketball dribbling performance, while dribbling skills may have different influences on high-intensity intermittent exercise capacity in adolescent players at different ages.

  11. Jumping through Hoops: College Choice Experiences of African American Male Community College Club Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Kimberly Carlotta

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to learn what factors influenced the college choice decision-making process of African American male club basketball players in the community college. To understand how the participants determined their educational path, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 21 African American male students who were enrolled in at least six…

  12. Using Progressive Video Prompting to Teach Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability to Shoot a Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Ya-yu; Burk, Bradley; Burk, Bradley; Anderson, Adrienne L.

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined the effects of a modified video prompting procedure, namely progressive video prompting, to increase technique accuracy of shooting a basketball in the school gymnasium of three 11th-grade students with moderate intellectual disability. The intervention involved participants viewing video clips of an adult model who…

  13. What Skills and Tactics Are Needed to Play Adult Pick-Up Basketball Games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianyu; Liu, Wenhao; Moffit, Jeffrey

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine skill levels and performance patterns of regular players of pick-up basketball games. By a survey, 65 participants were identified as regular players and participated in the study. An observational instrument used to analyze game performance of the participants was developed and both content and construct…

  14. Experts Appear to Use Angle of Elevation Information in Basketball Shooting

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Rita Ferraz; Oudejans, Raoul R. D.; Beek, Peter J.

    2009-01-01

    For successful basketball shooting, players must use information about the location of the basket relative to themselves. In this study, the authors examined to what extent shooting performance depends on the absolute distance to the basket ("m") and the angle of elevation (alpha). In Experiment 1, expert players took jump shots under different…

  15. The Conversational Framework and the ISE "Basketball Shot" Video Analysis Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Vincent; Crotty, Yvonne; Farren, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    Inspiring Science Education (ISE) (http://www.inspiringscience.eu/) is an EU funded initiative that seeks to further the use of inquiry-based science learning (IBSL) through the medium of ICT in the classroom. The Basketball Shot is a scenario (lesson plan) that involves the use of video capture to help the student investigate the concepts of…

  16. The relationships between internal and external training load models during basketball training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron T; Wen, Neal; Tucker, Patrick S; Dalbo, Vincent J

    2014-09-01

    The present investigation described and compared the internal and external training loads during basketball training. Eight semiprofessional male basketball players (mean ± SD, age: 26.3 ± 6.7 years; stature: 188.1 ± 6.2 cm; body mass: 92.0 ± 13.8 kg) were monitored across a 7-week period during the preparatory phase of the annual training plan. A total of 44 total sessions were monitored. Player session ratings of perceived exertion (sRPE), heart rate, and accelerometer data were collected across each training session. Internal training load was determined using the sRPE, training impulse (TRIMP), and summated-heart-rate-zones (SHRZ) training load models. External training load was calculated using an established accelerometer algorithm. Pearson product-moment correlations with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to determine the relationships between internal and external training load models. Significant moderate relationships were observed between external training load and the sRPE (r42 = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.23-0.69, p basketball settings. Basketball coaching and conditioning professionals should not assume a linear dose-response between accelerometer and internal training load models during training and are recommended to combine internal and external approaches when monitoring training load in players.

  17. COMPARISON OF AEROBİC, ANAEROBİC POWER FEATURES BASKETBALL AND HANDBALL TEAM PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GÜRHAN SUNA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare whether there were differences or not in aerobic and anaerobic power features of Süleyman Demirel University men’s basketball and handball team players. 24 athletes joined to the study who are players of Süleyman Demirel University basketball (n=12 and handball (n=12 team. All measurements of ahtletes who joined to the research were applied at Süleyman Demirel University Atatürk Sport Hall and Performance Testing Laboratory. Measurements of 20 m Shuttle Run and Wingate Anaerobic Power tests were taken from ahtletes. Handled datas were compared by using “Independent Samples t-Test” at SPSS 18.0 Statistic Programme. As a result of comparing lenght, weight, 20 m shuttle run test, wingate anaerobic power test absolute and relative values of basketball and handball players, differences were found to be statistically significiant (p<0.05. To conclude, differences were defined between the two branches as evaluating in terms of the results of basketball and handball players of aerobic and anaerobic power parameters. As a result of this, we are thinking that this is due to differences in playing time, different training methods and the physical differences that the branch needs

  18. Physical and Physiological Demands of Experienced Male Basketball Players During a Competitive Game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puente, Carlos; Abián-Vicén, Javier; Areces, Francisco; López, Roberto; Del Coso, Juan

    2017-04-01

    Puente, C, Abián-Vicén, J, Areces, F, López, R, and Del Coso, J. Physical and physiological demands of experienced male basketball players during a competitive game. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 956-962, 2017-The aim of this investigation was to analyze the physical and physiological demands of experienced basketball players during a real and competitive game. Twenty-five well-trained basketball players (8 guards, 8 forwards, and 9 centers) played a competitive game on an outdoor court. Instantaneous running speeds, the number of body impacts above 5 g, and the number of accelerations and decelerations were assessed by means of a 15-Hz global Positioning System accelerometer unit. Individual heart rate was also recorded using heart rate monitors. As a group mean, the basketball players covered 82.6 ± 7.8 m·min during the game with a mean heart rate of 89.8 ± 4.4% of maximal heart rate. Players covered 3 ± 3% of the total distance running at above 18 km·h and performed 0.17 ± 0.13 sprints per minute. The number of body impacts was 8.2 ± 1.8 per minute of play. The running pace of forwards was higher than that of centers (86.8 ± 6.2 vs. 76.6 ± 6.0 m·min; p ≤ 0.05). The maximal speed obtained during the game was significantly higher for guards than that for centers (24.0 ± 1.6 km·h vs. 21.3 ± 1.6 km·h; p ≤ 0.05). Centers performed a lower number of accelerations/decelerations than guards and forwards (p ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, the extraordinary rates of specific movements performed by these experienced basketball players indicate the high physiological demands necessary to be able to compete in this sport. The centers were the basketball players who showed lower physiological demands during a game, whereas there were no differences between guards and forwards. These results can be used by coaches to adapt basketball training programs to the specific demands of each playing position.

  19. Physique and Performance of Young Wheelchair Basketball Players in Relation with Classification.

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    Valentina Cavedon

    Full Text Available The relationships among physical characteristics, performance, and functional ability classification of younger wheelchair basketball players have been barely investigated to date. The purpose of this work was to assess anthropometry, body composition, and performance in sport-specific field tests in a national sample of Italian younger wheelchair basketball players as well as to evaluate the association of these variables with the players' functional ability classification and game-related statistics. Several anthropometric measurements were obtained for 52 out of 91 eligible players nationwide. Performance was assessed in seven sport-specific field tests (5m sprint, 20m sprint with ball, suicide, maximal pass, pass for accuracy, spot shot and lay-ups and game-related statistics (free-throw points scored per match, two- and three-point field-goals scored per match, and their sum. Association between variables, and predictivity was assessed by correlation and regression analysis, respectively. Players were grouped into four Classes of increasing functional ability (A-D. One-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction for multiple comparisons was used to assess differences between Classes. Sitting height and functional ability Class especially correlated with performance outcomes, but wheelchair basketball experience and skinfolds did not. Game-related statistics and sport-specific field-test scores all showed significant correlation with each other. Upper arm circumference and/or maximal pass and lay-ups test scores were able to explain 42 to 59% of variance in game-related statistics (P<0.001. A clear difference in performance was only found for functional ability Class A and D.In younger wheelchair basketball players, sitting height positively contributes to performance. The maximal pass and lay-ups test should be carefully considered in younger wheelchair basketball training plans. Functional ability Class reflects to a limited extent the actual

  20. EFFECT OF DYNAMIC BALANCE TRAINING ON AGILITY IN MALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS

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    Avi Saraswat

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Athletes focus their training on two major goals, i.e., avoidance of the injury and increasing the performance. Balance training has been widely used in competitive sports to improve the balance and thus reduce the risk of injury, for example, ligamentous sprains, which are very common in Basketball. On the other hand, various drills are being used to improve the performance parameters such as agility. Our effort is to find out an exercise program which focuses on balance training and see whether it has any effect on agility. Methods: The study design was a Pretest-Posttest Control-Group Design. 30 healthy school level Male Basketball Players were selected from V-One Basketball Academy, Don Bosco Basketball Academy, Modern School Basketball Academy, New Delhi. They were randomly divided into two groups. Group A performed dynamic balance training 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks. Group B performed conventional exercises throughout the duration of the study. Outcome measure, i.e., T- test was measured pre and post 4 week period. Results: Data analysis was done by Independent t test and Paired t test for between group analysis and within group analysis respectively. There was a significant reduction in T-test times in the experimental group as compared to the control group (‘p’ value <0.05 while there was no significant improvement in the control group. Conclusion: Four weeks of dynamic balance training significantly improved agility as detected by T-test. Thus it can be concluded that the used protocol can be incorporated in the training regimes to reduce the risk of injury as well as improve the performance.

  1. Sports and colors: the color effect of team shirts on basketball games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwase, Masanori

    2002-06-01

    The research for basketball has been focused upon the color effect on the team shirts by means of sports and colors. University basketball club members and university students (who did not belong to the university basketball club members) participated in this study. Colors of team shirts were analyzed by A.H. Munsell's method (Hue, Value, Chroma). To each of four games were given four different color conditions: The first is on condition that players of both teams wore different five-colored team shirts (white, red, blue, green, orange).The second is on condition that all players of both teams wore white team shirts. The third is on condition that all players of the one team wore red team shirts and the others wore orange. The fourth is on condition that all players of the one team wore blue team shirts and the others wore green. The questionnaire, the number of shots, and passes were analyzed of statistics (x2 :1 X m contingency table) on the above mentioned conditions. The results were as follows: (1) The number of successful shots that university basketball club members made were higher than university students. (2) The number of unsuccessful passes that university students made were higher than university basketball club members. (3) Analyzed by statistics (x2:1 X contingency table), the apparent distinction of the color effect was not found. These results could be due to players requirements of momentary judgement such as their recognition of the other players face or voice. This seems to depend upon different factors of the subject himself on a physical strength level as well as on a technical level.

  2. Influence of intellectual impairment (II on basketball players´ capacity to solve a game situation: towards evidence-based classification systems in II-basketball

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    Javier PINILLA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Basketball for athletes with intellectual impairment (II requires the development of evidence-based eligibility systems to guarantee that only athletes with significant limitations performing basketball participate in these competitions. In addition, this is needed to re-include IIbasketball in the Paralympic program. To do this, it is required to investigate how II impacts on fundamental basketball activities. To address this need, the aim of this study was to compare ablebodied (AB and II-players´ capacity to solve a game situation. A field test was designed ad hoc in which 38 elite II-players from France, Portugal, Australia and Japan who participated in the Global Games (2015 and 38 AB-basketball players competing in Spanish competitions, had to solve 8 standardized game situations. Results indicated that II-players spent significantly (p≤0.05 more time to decide (0.92±0.2s than AB-players (0.63±0.1s and to execute the solution (II: 3.01±0.4s; AB: 2.56±0.3s. Also, II-players made more rule infractions (II: 7.11±1.4; AB: 7.71±0.7, more feints (II:1.37±1.4; AB: 0.3±0.6, more dribbles (II: 15.08±3.9; AB: 12.29±2.3 and they performed less successful solutions (II: 4.42±1.5; AB: 5.39±1.3. However, no differences were found in number of correct decisions made. Decision time, number of dribbles and situations in which they succeeded were the variables that best discriminated between II and AB-players. These results confirmed the negative influence of II on players´ capacity to solve a basketball game situation. The calculated discriminant function let us establish the minimum scores from this test that indicates significant limitations on the capacity to solve a game situation. These scores are applicable to determine eligibility criteria in IIbasketball worldwide.

  3. Feasibility Analysis of Introducing Basketball Expanding Training into College Basketball Elective Course%高校篮球选修课引入篮球拓展训练的可行性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海平

    2016-01-01

    Basketball expanding training is in a variety of forms, its content is rich and varied, changing the traditional bas-ketball class of rigid, boring, for college basketball elective course has a positive meaning. Analysis basketball training exist to expand the advantage, citing the current college basketball teaching among the problems, analyze the expanding training into college basketball teaching possibilities, and propose recommendations to solve the problem.%篮球拓展训练的形式多种多样,内容丰富多变,改变了传统篮球课的僵化、沉闷,对高校篮球选修课有积极意义。分析篮球拓展训练存在的优点,列举当前高校篮球教学之中存在的问题,分析将拓展训练融入到高校篮球教学的各种可能性,并提出解决问题的建议。

  4. The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Lehnert; Karel Hůlka; Tomáš Malý; Jaroslav Fohler; František Zahálka

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Explosive strength of the lower extremities and agility are important parts of game performance in basketball. Although numerous studies have focused on the assessment of the training effect of plyometric training, studies focusing on elite players are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out what changes in explosive strength of the lower extremities take place after a 6 week plyometric training applied in training units during the pre-season in elite basketball p...

  5. Assessment of noise exposure for basketball sports referees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masullo, Massimiliano; Lenzuni, Paolo; Maffei, Luigi; Nataletti, Pietro; Ciaburro, Giuseppe; Annesi, Diego; Moschetto, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Dosimetric measurements carried out on basketball referees have shown that whistles not only generate very high peak sound pressure levels, but also play a relevant role in determining the overall exposure to noise of the exposed subjects. Because of the peculiar geometry determined by the mutual positions of the whistle, the microphone, and the ear, experimental data cannot be directly compared with existing occupational noise exposure and/or action limits. In this article, an original methodology, which allows experimental results to be reliably compared with the aforementioned limits, is presented. The methodology is based on the use of two correction factors to compensate the effects of the position of the dosimeter microphone (fR) and of the sound source (fS). Correction factors were calculated by means of laboratory measurements for two models of whistles (Fox 40 Classic and Fox 40 Sonik) and for two head orientations (frontal and oblique).Results sho w that for peak sound pressure levels the values of fR and fS, are in the range -8.3 to -4.6 dB and -6.0 to -1.7 dB, respectively. If one considers the Sound Exposure Levels (SEL) of whistle events, the same correction factors are in the range of -8.9 to -5.3 dB and -5.4 to -1.5 dB, respectively. The application of these correction factors shows that the corrected weekly noise exposure level for referees is 80.6 dB(A), which is slightly in excess of the lower action limit of the 2003/10/EC directive, and a few dB below the Recommended Exposure Limit (REL) proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The corrected largest peak sound pressure level is 134.7 dB(C) which is comparable to the lower action limit of the 2003/10/EC directive, but again substantially lower than the ceiling limit of 140 dB(A) set by NIOSH.

  6. The Effect of a Simulated Basketball Game on Players’ Sprint and Jump Performance, Temperature and Muscle Damage

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    Pliauga Vytautas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite extensive data regarding the demands of playing basketball, the relative importance of factors that cause fatigue and muscle potentiation has been explored only tentatively and remains unclear. The aim of this experimental field study was to assess changes in leg muscle power and relate these changes to body temperature modifications and indices of exercise-induced muscle damage in response to a simulated basketball game. College-level male basketball players (n=10 were divided into two teams to play a simulated basketball game. Ten-meter sprint and vertical counter-movement jump tests, core body temperature and creatine-kinase activity were measured within 48 h after the game. The participants’ body temperatures increased after a warm-up (1.9%, p200%, p30%, p<0.05 after the game, indicating damage to the players’ muscles. The basketball players’ sprint and jump performance appear to be at least in part associated with body temperature changes, which might contribute to counteract fatigue during the larger part of a basketball game.

  7. The Role Of Contested And Uncontested Passes In Evaluating Defensive Basketball Efficiency

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    James T. Bartholomew

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The global economic impact of basketball is measured in tens of billions of dollars and requires the efficient use of resources to maximize success on and off the court. Today, coaches, players, investors, and owners need to take full advantage of modern analytical methods and digital video software capabilities to make the most efficient use of a team’s resources. This research is the first in a series that makes full use of modern analytic methods and begins to define new defensive and offensive criteria to supplement the decades old game box score performance information. Data envelopment analysis and statistical methods are used to evaluate two new defensive performance metrics on defensive efficiency. The two new defensive metrics are contested and uncontested passes that are fully defined in the article’s appendix. Future research will expand the sample size and allow for more comprehensive models of basketball team defensive efficiency.

  8. ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS: SOMATOTYPE AND BODY COMPOSITION VALUES

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    Yener BEKTAŞ

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyse the somatotype and body composition characteristics of female basketball players and to demonstrate the changes between different category levels. For this purpose 37 female basketball players were subjected from Et-Balik Sports Club representing 4 different categories. 11 anthropometric measurements; body weight, height, humerus and femur bicondylar breadth, biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac and thigh skinfold thickness, biceps and thigh circumference data were collected according to the International Biological Programme (IBP and International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK. The mean age of the subjects were 13.84 + 4.34 (year where weight 55.4 + 15.7 (kg and height 162.2 + 11.6 (cm. Study results showed gradual increase tendency in body fat pattern through categories. Subsequently body somatotypes were differed between categories as well. As a general tendency the somatotype characteristics of the subjects were found to be endomorphic mesomorph.

  9. Profile of weekly training load in elite male professional basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzi, Vincenzo; D'Ottavio, Stefano; Impellizzeri, Franco M; Chaouachi, Anis; Chamari, Karim; Castagna, Carlo

    2010-05-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the training load (TL) profile of professional elite level basketball players during the crucial parts of the competitive season (pre-play-off finals). Subjects were 8 full-time professional basketball players (age 28 +/- 3.6 years, height 199 +/-7.2 cm, body mass 102 +/- 11.5 kg, and body fat 10.4 +/- 1.5%) whose heart rate (HR) was recorded during each training session and their individual response to TL monitored using the session-rate of perceived exertion (RPE) method (200 training sessions). The association between the session-RPE method and training HR was used to assess the population validity of the session-RPE method. Significant relationships were observed between individual session-RPE and all individual HR-based TL (r values from 0.69 to 0.85; p tapering phase during the competitive weeks irrespective of the number of games played during it (i.e., 1 or 2 games). The individual weekly players' TL resulted in being not significantly different from each other (p > 0.05). Elite male professional basketball imposes great physiological and psychological stress on players through training sessions and official competitions (1-2 per week). Consequently, the importance of a practical and valid method to assess individual TL is warranted. In this research, we demonstrated that session-RPE may be considered as a viable method to asses TL without the use of more sophisticated tools (i.e., HR monitors). The session-RPE method enabled the detection of periodization patterns in weekly planning in elite professional basketball during the crucial part of the competitive season (1 vs. 2 weekly fixtures model).

  10. Exploring Game Performance in the National Basketball Association Using Player Tracking Data.

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    Jaime Sampaio

    Full Text Available Recent player tracking technology provides new information about basketball game performance. The aim of this study was to (i compare the game performances of all-star and non all-star basketball players from the National Basketball Association (NBA, and (ii describe the different basketball game performance profiles based on the different game roles. Archival data were obtained from all 2013-2014 regular season games (n = 1230. The variables analyzed included the points per game, minutes played and the game actions recorded by the player tracking system. To accomplish the first aim, the performance per minute of play was analyzed using a descriptive discriminant analysis to identify which variables best predict the all-star and non all-star playing categories. The all-star players showed slower velocities in defense and performed better in elbow touches, defensive rebounds, close touches, close points and pull-up points, possibly due to optimized attention processes that are key for perceiving the required appropriate environmental information. The second aim was addressed using a k-means cluster analysis, with the aim of creating maximal different performance profile groupings. Afterwards, a descriptive discriminant analysis identified which variables best predict the different playing clusters. The results identified different playing profile of performers, particularly related to the game roles of scoring, passing, defensive and all-round game behavior. Coaching staffs may apply this information to different players, while accounting for individual differences and functional variability, to optimize practice planning and, consequently, the game performances of individuals and teams.

  11. Exploring Game Performance in the National Basketball Association Using Player Tracking Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calleja-González, Julio; Jiménez Sáiz, Sergio; Schelling i del Alcázar, Xavi; Balciunas, Mindaugas

    2015-01-01

    Recent player tracking technology provides new information about basketball game performance. The aim of this study was to (i) compare the game performances of all-star and non all-star basketball players from the National Basketball Association (NBA), and (ii) describe the different basketball game performance profiles based on the different game roles. Archival data were obtained from all 2013-2014 regular season games (n = 1230). The variables analyzed included the points per game, minutes played and the game actions recorded by the player tracking system. To accomplish the first aim, the performance per minute of play was analyzed using a descriptive discriminant analysis to identify which variables best predict the all-star and non all-star playing categories. The all-star players showed slower velocities in defense and performed better in elbow touches, defensive rebounds, close touches, close points and pull-up points, possibly due to optimized attention processes that are key for perceiving the required appropriate environmental information. The second aim was addressed using a k-means cluster analysis, with the aim of creating maximal different performance profile groupings. Afterwards, a descriptive discriminant analysis identified which variables best predict the different playing clusters. The results identified different playing profile of performers, particularly related to the game roles of scoring, passing, defensive and all-round game behavior. Coaching staffs may apply this information to different players, while accounting for individual differences and functional variability, to optimize practice planning and, consequently, the game performances of individuals and teams. PMID:26171606

  12. STUDY REGARDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEED THROUGH SPECIFIC BASKETBALL MEANS AND METHODS IN SIXTH GRADE STUDENTS

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    Ciocan Catalin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The modernization of the training process needs an active and creative participation of the teachers in educating the pupils. Without knowing the new aspects of basketball theory and practice, without a deep understanding of the general methods of teaching the game to children and adolescents, we cannot actively and effectively participate in the development of education.The motivation to choose this subject was given by the importance the fundamental components have in the game, the national decrease of the game’s value, the lack of data that will assure the directing of the individual and collective training during the middle school physical education lesson. The aim of the research was to study a methodical concept suited for developing speed through specific basketball means and methods in the sixth grade physical education lessons, having as a basis the new curricular elements requested by the teaching reform in this stage.The study was conducted at the "Mihai Drăgan" School, in Bacău, over the course of approximately one year, 2012-2013.In this sense, the hypothesis for this paper states that the gradual introduction of specific means and methods for developing speed in the physical education lesson was considered to ensure an increase in the multilateral instruction, which improves the basic content of physical education in school.The strategy we suggested is based on introducing in middle-school physical education lessons, and especially in the 6th grade, preparing games for a quicker and more effective basketball learning.The development of the experiment and the interpretation of the results have lead to the following conclusions:The study emphasized the development of speed in pupils, and their ability to learn basketball faster through the use of preparing games.

  13. Lower Body Stiffness and Muscle Activity Differences Between Female Dancers and Basketball Players During Drop Jumps

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often occur during landing, with female athletes at higher injury risk than male athletes. Interestingly, female dancers have lower ACL injury rates than do female athletes in general. Hypothesis: Female dancers will have earlier and greater lower extremity muscle activity and higher sagittal knee joint and leg stiffness than will female basketball players. Study Design: Cross-sectional group comparison. Methods: Fifty-five healthy female ...

  14. Exploring Game Performance in the National Basketball Association Using Player Tracking Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampaio, Jaime; McGarry, Tim; Calleja-González, Julio; Jiménez Sáiz, Sergio; Schelling I Del Alcázar, Xavi; Balciunas, Mindaugas

    2015-01-01

    Recent player tracking technology provides new information about basketball game performance. The aim of this study was to (i) compare the game performances of all-star and non all-star basketball players from the National Basketball Association (NBA), and (ii) describe the different basketball game performance profiles based on the different game roles. Archival data were obtained from all 2013-2014 regular season games (n = 1230). The variables analyzed included the points per game, minutes played and the game actions recorded by the player tracking system. To accomplish the first aim, the performance per minute of play was analyzed using a descriptive discriminant analysis to identify which variables best predict the all-star and non all-star playing categories. The all-star players showed slower velocities in defense and performed better in elbow touches, defensive rebounds, close touches, close points and pull-up points, possibly due to optimized attention processes that are key for perceiving the required appropriate environmental information. The second aim was addressed using a k-means cluster analysis, with the aim of creating maximal different performance profile groupings. Afterwards, a descriptive discriminant analysis identified which variables best predict the different playing clusters. The results identified different playing profile of performers, particularly related to the game roles of scoring, passing, defensive and all-round game behavior. Coaching staffs may apply this information to different players, while accounting for individual differences and functional variability, to optimize practice planning and, consequently, the game performances of individuals and teams.

  15. Programmatic-methodical providing of preparation of student commands on basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troyan V.M.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Basic directions of perfection of sporting preparation of student team are considered on basketball. The terms of effective education of personality of student are selected. The positive and subzero aspects of forms of physical preparation of sportsmen are rotined. The ways of rational development and use of natural capabilities of sportsman are certain in his professional and public activity. It is presented programmatic-methodical providing of training process of student commands in the institutes of higher of Russia.

  16. Wirksamkeit von impliziten und expliziten Lernprozessen : Aneignung taktischer Kompetenzen und motorischer Fertigkeiten im Basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Calábria Lopes, Mariana

    2011-01-01

    Das Hauptziel der vorliegenden Studie war die Untersuchung der Frage, welche Effekte implizite und explizite Lernprozesse und eine Kombination aus beiden auf technische Fertigkeiten und taktische Kompetenzen von Anfängern im Basketball haben. Zur Überprüfung dieser Fragestellung wurden 86 Probanden zwischen 9 und 12 Jahre in drei Interventionsgruppen (explizite, implizite und implizit-explizite Gruppe) und eine Kontrollgruppe aufgeteilt, die in einem Messwiederholungsdesign getestet wurden. D...

  17. Post-concussive syndrome in a female basketball player: a case study

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Sarah L StrandDepartment of Health and Human Sciences, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: The objective of this case study was to identify the signs and symptoms of concussion and post-concussive syndrome in a collegiate, female basketball player, as well as her progress to becoming symptom free. The patient, a previously healthy, 21-year-old with no previous head injuries, experienced a concussion and continued to participate in her sport. Even though the athlete knew...

  18. Spontaneous Bilateral Vertebral Artery Dissection During a Basketball Game: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mas Rodriguez, Manuel F; Berrios, Rafael Arias; Ramos, Edwardo

    2016-01-01

    Spontaneous vertebral artery dissection accounts for 2% of all ischemic strokes and can occur as a consequence of sports events. We present an unusual case of spontaneous bilateral vertebral artery dissection in a 30-year-old male patient during a basketball game. He developed severe dysphagia, right hemiparesis, and balance dysfunction. We also present a review of the pathology, diagnosis, symptomatology, treatment, prognosis, and occurrence of this entity in sports.

  19. Characteristics of the dimensions and sub-dimensions of young basketball players' personalities

    OpenAIRE

    M\\u00AA Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar; David C\\u00E1rdenas; Francisco Alarc\\u00F3n; Raquel Escobar; Fernando Est\\u00E9vez; Elisa Torre

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present work is to assess the personality traits of young basketball players aged 16-18 years (n=186) through the description of the dimensions and sub-dimension from the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ) regarding personality. This was a non-experimental study in which a descriptive transversal design was used. The results that were obtained indicate the players in the selected sample are characterized as people who are: a) moderately dynamic, extraverted and dominant; b) moderatel...

  20. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FLOW STATE IN BASKETBALL PERFORMANCE: A PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBE

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    Nishan Singh Deol

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The present study was conducted to examine the flow state in basketball performance. Materials : The investigator had selected Forty Five (N=45 female basketball players of 19 to 25 years of age to act as subjects. They were divided into three groups; (i.e., N1=15; District, N2=15; State and N3=15 National. The purposive sampling technique was used to select the subjects. All the subjects, after having been informed about the objective and protocol of the study, gave their consent and volunteered to participate in this study. Statistical Analyses : To measure the level of dispositional flow state of the subjects, the flow state battery constructed by Jackson & Eklund (2004 was administered. One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA was employed to find out the intra-group differences. Where F values were found significant, LSD (Least Significant Difference Post-hoc test was applied to find out the direction and degree of difference. For testing the hypotheses, the level of significance was set at 0.05. Results & Conclusion : The results revealed no significant differences were found among female basketball players on the sub-variables of Dispositional Flow Scale-2 i.e., Challenge Skill Balance, Action-Awareness Merging, Clear Goals, Unambiguous Feedback, Concentration on the Task at Hand, Sense of Control, Loss of Self-Consciousness, Time transformation and Autotelic experience.

  1. EFFECT OF PLIOMETRIC TRAINING ON ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE IN YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS

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    İsa SAĞIROĞLU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of plyometric training in two different training frequencies between the competition seasons on vertical jump performance, anaerobic capability. Male basketball players aged 15-17 participated in this study. A total of 18 basketball players were divided into three groups as unbiased and in equal number (n=6; two experimental and one control group. One of these groups applied the drop jump plyometric exercise following the basketball training routine once a week while the other two groups did it three times a week, and, then, the training was completed with a stretching exercise. The study of the control group was completed with a stretching exercise after the routine. The training took eight weeks. Some measurements were taken before and after the eight weeks of the training session. Anaerobic power and capacity was recorded by the Wingate anaerobic test. Statistical comparisons among the three groups in this study were calculated by taking mean values of dependent variables, and Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for significance effects of dependent variables. Significance level was determined as p =5 . At the end of the training, it was observed that the values of the anaerobic power and capacity values of plyometric exercise groups showed statistically significant improvements. A statistically significant increase in the values of anaerobic power and capacity was provided for the experimental group doing the plyometric exercise once a week compared with the control group.

  2. DECISION-MAKING OF SPANISH FEMALE BASKETBALL TEAM PLAYERS WHILE THEY ARE COMPETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Concepci\\u00F3n Jim\\u00E9nez S\\u00E1nchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making play a very important role in basketball. While the game is taking place, players are constantly choosing what to do. In order to carry out this research work, two questions have been formulated: 1 how do high level female basketball players make a decision while they are competing? 2 which key components do they use to make the best decisions? The twelve players who make up the Spanish female basketball team have taken part in this project. They all participated in the 2008 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament, which took place in Madrid. This tournament allowed them to qualify and take part in the 2008 Olympic Games, where they finished in fifth place. A questionnaire and an interview have been used to make this research possible. The matches of the 2008 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament have also been analyzed. Those aspects in terms of the team's performance in 1x1 and 2x2 attack situations, and more specifically in pick actions, have been recorded and analyzed. In order to include these data, a system of specific categories and variables has been established. The results show that players are expert on making decisions during the competition. In order to come to this conclusion, their opinions, style of decision-making, as well as the way they move in 1x1 and 2x2 situations, were very useful. This research has also confirmed that decisions made by playmakers, forwards and centers are different.

  3. Do previous sports experiences influence the effect of an enrichment programme in basketball skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Sara; Mateus, Nuno; Sampaio, Jaime; Leite, Nuno

    2016-09-29

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an enrichment programme in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills, when accounting for the age of youth sport specialisation. Seventy-six college students (age: M = 20.4, SD = 1.9) were allocated according to three different paths: (i) non-structured (n = 14), (ii) early specialisation (n = 34), and (iii) late specialisation (n = 28), according to information previously provided by the participants about the quantity and type of sporting activities performed throughout their sporting careers. Then, the participants of each path were randomly distributed across control and experimental groups. Variables under study included agility, technical skills circuit, as well as tactical actions performed in a 4-on-4 full-court basketball game. The results indicated improvements in the early and late specialisation paths namely in the experimental training groups. However, the late specialisation path revealed larger benefits, in contrast with the non-structured path, which showed less sensitivity to the enrichment programme, mostly sustained in physical literacy and differential learning. Higher improvements were observed in agility, and also in reducing the number of unsuccessful actions performed during the game. Overall, this study provided evidence of how early sports experiences affect basketball skill acquisition and contribute to adapt to new contexts with motor and technical-tactical challenges. In addition, a path supported by late specialisation might present several advantages in sport performance achievement.

  4. Strategies for defending a dribbler: categorisation of three defensive patterns in 1-on-1 basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Keisuke; Yamashita, Daichi; Yoshioka, Shinsuke; Isaka, Tadao; Kouzaki, Motoki

    2014-09-01

    To clarify the defending-dribbler mechanism, the interaction between the dribbler and defender should be investigated. The purposes of this study were to identify variables that explain the outcome (i.e. 'penetrating' and 'guarding') and to understand how defenders stop dribblers by categorising defensive patterns. Ten basketball players participated as 24 dribbler-defender pairs, who played a real-time, 1-on-1 sub-phase of the basketball. The trials were categorised into penetrating trials, where a dribbler invaded the defended area behind the defender, and guarding trials, where the defender stopped the dribbler's advance. Our results demonstrated that defenders in guarding trials initiated their movements earlier and moved quicker than the defenders in penetrating trials. Moreover, linear discriminant analysis revealed that the differences in initiation time and medio-lateral peak velocity between the defenders and dribblers were critical parameters for explaining the difference between penetrating and guarding trials. Lastly, guarding trials were further categorised into three process patterns during 1-on-1 basketball (i.e. 'early initiation' trials, 'quick movement' trials, and 'dribbler's stop' trials). The results suggest that there are three defending strategies and that one strategy would be insufficient to explain the defending-dribbler mechanism, because both players' anticipation and reactive movement must be considered.

  5. Performance Indicators of the Top Basketball Players: Relations with Several Variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sindik, Josko

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the differences in performance indicators for top senior male basketball players, with respect to several independent variables: position in the team, total situation-related efficiency, age, playing experience and the time spent on the court within the game and during championship season. The final sample of participants was selected from all teams in A-1 Croatian men's basketball league. Significant differences have been found according to the players': position in the team, total situation-related efficiency, and in interactions of the position in the team / total situation-related efficiency and minutes spent on the court in a game / playing experience. The differences in the situation-related efficiency between players have not been found according to the players' age and the number of games played. Further research can be directed towards deeper analysis of the influence of more complex differentiated variables playing experience and time spent on the court in a game on situation-related efficiency in basketball.

  6. Drawing disability in Japanese manga: visual politics, embodied masculinity, and wheelchair basketball in Inoue Takehiko's REAL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Andrea

    2013-12-01

    This work explores disability in the cultural context of contemporary Japanese comics. In contrast to Western comics, Japanese manga have permeated the social fabric of Japan to the extent that vast numbers of people read manga on a daily basis. It has, in fact, become such a popular medium for visual communication that the Japanese government and education systems utilize manga as a social acculturation and teaching tool. This multibillion dollar industry is incredibly diverse, and one particularly popular genre is sports manga. However, Inoue Takehiko's award-winning manga series REAL departs from more conventional sports manga, which typically focus on able-bodied characters with sometimes exaggerated superhuman physical abilities, by adopting a more realistic approach to the world of wheelchair basketball and the people who play it. At the same time REAL explores cultural attitudes toward disability in Japanese culture-where disability is at times rendered "invisible" either through accessibility problems or lingering associations of disability and shame. It is therefore extremely significant that manga, a visual medium, is rendering disability visible-the ultimate movement from margin to center. REAL devotes considerable attention to realistically illustrating the lived experiences of its characters both on and off the court. Consequently, the series not only educates readers about wheelchair basketball but also provides compelling insight into Japanese cultural notions about masculinity, family, responsibility, and identity. The basketball players-at first marginalized by their disability-join together in the unity of a sport typically characterized by its "abledness."

  7. The cultivation of basketball players’ basketball consciousness%浅析篮球运动员篮球意识的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅耀尹

    2015-01-01

    Basketball is a collective project, not only requires the athletes have good physical quality and technical level, and has good basketball consciousness, only in this way, can the incentive game, reasonable dominate their own strength, and formed the tacit understanding between associates, better play to the role of the collective, to make the good physical quality and tactics to get sufficient play.%篮球运动是一项集体项目,不但要求运动员具备良好的身体素质和技术水平,而且具有良好的篮球意识,只有这样,才能在激励的比赛中,合理的支配自己的体力,与同伴间形成默契,更好地发挥集体的作用,才能使良好的身体素质与技战术得到充分的发挥。

  8. How should "hot" players in basketball be defended? The use of fast-and-frugal heuristics by basketball coaches and players in response to streakiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csapo, Peter; Avugos, Simcha; Raab, Markus; Bar-Eli, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Previous research has shown that changes in shot difficulty may have rendered the hot-hand effect in basketball unobservable and are potentially a result of defensive adjustments. However, it has not been directly analysed whether strategic changes indeed take place in response to streakiness and whether they are effective with respect to winning games. The current work consists of an experimental study with 18 professional coaches and 20 players based on video sequences from National Basketball Association games, where the shown player displayed a streaky performance in half of the sequences. While coaches were asked to devise a defensive strategy after each viewed sequence, players had to assume the role of the shown player and decide whether to shoot or pass the ball. We find that coaches tended to increase the defensive pressure significantly more often on presumably hot players and thus make use of the hot-hand heuristic. Meanwhile, players chose to shoot more frequently in low-pressure and streaky situations but selected "pass" regardless of the previous performance when they faced increased defensive pressure. Assuming that a streaky player's performance is indeed elevated during hot phases, hot-hand behaviour can be considered adaptive in certain situations as it led hot players to pass instead of shoot.

  9. L-alanyl-L-glutamine ingestion maintains performance during a competitive basketball game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoffman Jay R

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of L-alanyl-L-glutamine (AG ingestion on basketball performance, including jump power, reaction time, shooting accuracy and fatigue. Methods Ten women (21.2 ± 1.6 years; height: 177.8 ± 8.7 cm; body mass: 73.5 ± 8.0 kg, all scholarship NCAA Division I basketball players, volunteered for this study. Subjects participated in four trials, each consisting of a 40-min basketball game with controlled time-outs for rehydration. During the first trial (DHY subjects were not allowed to rehydrate, and the total weight lost during the contest was used to determine fluid replenishment during the subsequent three trials. During one trial subjects consumed only water (W, while during the other two trials subjects consumed the AG supplement mixed in water using either a low dose (1 g per 500 ml (AG1 or high dose (2 g per 500 ml (AG2 concentration. All data assessed prior to and following each game were converted into a Δ score (Post results - Pre results. All performance data were then analyzed using a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance. Results During DHY subjects lost 1.72 ± 0.42 kg (2.3% of their body mass. No differences in fluid intake (1.55 ± 0.43 L were seen between rehydration trials. A 12.5% (p = 0.016 difference in basketball shooting performance was noted between DHY and AG1 and an 11.1% (p = 0.029 difference was seen between AG1 and W. Visual reaction time was significantly greater following AG1 (p = 0.014 compared to DHY. Differences (p = 0.045 in fatigue, as determined by player loads, were seen only between AG2 and DHY. No differences were seen in peak or mean vertical jump power during any trial. Conclusion Rehydration with AG appears to maintain basketball skill performance and visual reaction time to a greater extent than water only.

  10. Non-Linear Approach in Kinesiology Should Be Preferred to the Linear--A Case of Basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trninić, Marko; Jeličić, Mario; Papić, Vladan

    2015-07-01

    In kinesiology, medicine, biology and psychology, in which research focus is on dynamical self-organized systems, complex connections exist between variables. Non-linear nature of complex systems has been discussed and explained by the example of non-linear anthropometric predictors of performance in basketball. Previous studies interpreted relations between anthropometric features and measures of effectiveness in basketball by (a) using linear correlation models, and by (b) including all basketball athletes in the same sample of participants regardless of their playing position. In this paper the significance and character of linear and non-linear relations between simple anthropometric predictors (AP) and performance criteria consisting of situation-related measures of effectiveness (SE) in basketball were determined and evaluated. The sample of participants consisted of top-level junior basketball players divided in three groups according to their playing time (8 minutes and more per game) and playing position: guards (N = 42), forwards (N = 26) and centers (N = 40). Linear (general model) and non-linear (general model) regression models were calculated simultaneously and separately for each group. The conclusion is viable: non-linear regressions are frequently superior to linear correlations when interpreting actual association logic among research variables.

  11. A Brief Analysis of Senior High School Basketball Training%浅析高中篮球训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋萍

    2012-01-01

    Basketball is tavored by the majority of teenagers and a part in senior high school sports classroom teaching. Senior high school sports teachers or coaches must have clear cognition of how to implement basketball training and how to improve students' basketball skills. This paper introduces how to implement basketball training from nine aspects, so as to promote the improvement of students' basketball competence.%篮球运动是深受广大青少年喜爱的一项运动,也是高中体育课堂教学的一部分。作为高中体育教师或教练员,要对如何进行篮球训练,如何提高学生的篮球技能有一个明确认识。本文从九个方面介绍了如何进行高中篮球训练,以促进学生篮球水平的提高。

  12. Effectiveness of elite female basketball players’ technical-tactic actions and ways for their improvement at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushko R.A.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: study effectiveness of elite female basketball players’ technical-tactic actions and determine the ways for their improvement at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials. Material: the authors analyzed competition functioning’s indicators of female basketball players of national combined team of Ukraine and their age characteristics. Results: effectiveness of technical-tactic actions in structure of national female basketball players’ combined team of Ukraine competition functioning at European championship. The authors present: indicators of team composition; roles in team; won and lost games; quantity of scored and skipped points; technical-tactic actions; age of sportswomen. Age indicators of elite female basketball players at stage of maximal realization have been given. Conclusions: we have composed a list of the most important technical-tactic actions in competition functioning. We also outlined ways for their perfection at stage of maximal realization of individual potentials of elite female basketball players of different game roles.

  13. Effects of short-term two weeks low intensity plyometrics combined with dynamic stretching training in improving vertical jump height and agility on trained basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Selvam; Pradhan, Binita

    2014-01-01

    Sport specific training in basketball players should focus on vertical jump height and agility in consistent with demands of the sport. Since plyometrics training improves vertical jump height and agility, it can be useful training strategy to improve the performance of basketball players. A convenience sample of thirty professional basketball players were recruited. Following pre-intervention assessment, interventions using plyometrics training and dynamic stretching protocol was administered on the basketball players. The outcome measures were assessed before the intervention and at the end of first and second week. Statistically significant improvements in vertical jump height (31.68 ± 11.64 to 37.57 ± 16.74; P basketball players.

  14. World Basketball Championships the 16th China Men's Basketball Team's offensive and defensive Power%第16届男篮世锦赛中国男子篮球队的攻防实力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王太付; 李海婷; 杜少武

    2015-01-01

    历来中国男子篮球队(以下简称中国男篮)以亚洲霸主自居,但在世界级比赛(世锦赛)中最好成绩却是8强,而2010年土耳其男篮世锦赛小组赛中一胜五负,小组未出线,以排名垫底而收官。为了找出中国男篮的优势和不足,为中国男篮重返世界8强提供理论依据。运用RSR综合评价为主的研究方法对第16届男篮世锦赛24支球队的攻防水平进行量化评价。%Traditionally the Chinese men's basketball team ( hereinafter referred to as the Chinese men's basketball team) to usurp the role of Asia hegemony, but the best result in the world-class game (world) is 8, and on the world basketball championships in 2010 the Turkish group - five, team did not qualify, result to the bottom and packaged. In order to find out the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese men's basketball team, and provide theoretical basis for the Chinese men's basketball team return to the world's eight. Using the RSR comprehensive evaluation as the main research methods to the 16th world championships men 's basketball team level of attack and defense of 24 teams for quantitative evaluation.

  15. Efficiency analysis of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruslana Sushko

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify the factors of efficiency of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential. Material and Methods: in order to identify the factors that have supported the performance of Ukraine's male national team in the European Championship, data analysis and generalization of scientific and technical literature and online data, analysis of official protocols of competitive activities, analysis and generalization of best pedagogical practices, pedagogical supervision, methods of mathematical statistics were used. Results: the efficiency of competitive activity of basketball players was analyzed using such indicators as team roles, won and lost matches, scored and missed points, technical, tactical and age indicators. Conclusions: the factors of efficiency of competitive activity of highly skilled basketball players at the stage of maximum realization of individual potential were identified with regard to age indicators

  16. Effects of high-intensity training and resumed training on macroelement and microelement of elite basketball athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lijuan; Zhang, Jun; Wang, Jiahong; He, Wangxiao; Huang, Hongen

    2012-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of high-intensity training and resumed training in hot and humid environment on plasma macro- and microelements levels of elite Han Chinese basketball players. Ten well-trained elite basketball athletes' plasma macroelements (chlorin, sodium, potassium, and calcium), creatine kinase (CK), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) were measured before and after a 2-h high-intensity training, and microelements (zinc, copper, iron, and selenium) were determined before and after a 1-week high-intensity training and after a 1-week resumed training. The blood CK and CK-MB levels of the elite basketball athletes were significantly increased (P 0.05) were found in zinc and copper levels; nevertheless, the levels of plasma selenium and plasma iron were significantly lower (P iron.

  17. 女子篮球体能训练现状研究%Women's Basketball Training Physical Research Status

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏莉; 钟丹

    2014-01-01

    The physical training is an important basis for almost all sports, especially for women's basketball, the sports training is much more important. Despite actively explore various sports institutions at all levels of effective models of physical training women's basketball, women's basketball fitness training but still lags behind the development of technology and the times, physical training in women's basketball, there are still many shortcomings to be, it should be taken seriously and continue to improve. In this paper, the status of the physical training of the sort of women's basketball and analysis, the optimal path on how to better carry out the women's basketball workout.%体能训练是几乎所有运动项目的重要基础,特别是对于女子篮球而言,体育训练则显得更为重要。尽管我国各级各类体育院校积极探索女子篮球体能训练的有效模式,但女子篮球体能训练仍然滞后于科技和时代的发展,在女子篮球体能训练方面还存在着许多不足之处,应当认真对待并不断完善。本文对我国女子篮球体能训练现状进行了梳理和分析,就如何更好的开展女子篮球体能训练提出优化路径。

  18. Variations in oxidative stress markers in elite basketball players at the beginning and end of a season

    OpenAIRE

    SPANIDIS, YPATIOS; GOUTZOURELAS, NIKOLAOS; Stagos, Dimitrios; MPESIOS, ANASTASIOS; PRIFTIS, ALEXANDROS; Bar-Or, David; SPANDIDOS, DEMETRIOS A.; TSATSAKIS, ARISTIDES M.; LEON, GEORGE; Kouretas, Demetrios

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine the changes occuring in the redox status in male basketball players at the beginning and end of a highly competitive season. For this purpose, the redox status of 14 professional athletes of a European basketball club was examined at 2 different time points, at the beginning (phase 1) and at the end of the season (phase 2). The redox status was assessed in blood using conventional oxidative stress markers, such as thiobarbituric acid reactive substa...

  19. Return to Play After Forearm and Hand Injuries in the National Basketball Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morse, Kyle W.; Hearns, Krystle A.; Carlson, Michelle Gerwin

    2017-01-01

    Background: Hand injuries can result in significant time away from competition for professional basketball players. Time to return to play after hand injuries in elite athletes has not been well described. Purpose: To report the return to play from metacarpal fractures, phalangeal fractures, and thumb ligament tears in National Basketball Association (NBA) players over a 5-year period. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: The NBA transaction report was analyzed from January 2009 to May 2014. Players were identified if they were added to the inactive list (IL), missed games due to their injury, or underwent surgery as a result of hand injury. Number of games missed due to injury, days spent on the IL, and age at injury were calculated by injury type and location. Results: One hundred thirty-seven injuries were identified: 39 injuries to the hand and 98 injuries to the finger. Three major injury patterns were identified and analyzed: metacarpal fractures (n = 26), phalangeal fractures (n = 33), and thumb ligament tears (n = 9). The type of injury sustained affected return to play (P < .05). All thumb ligament tears required surgery and had the longest return to play of 67.5 ± 17.7 days (P < .05). The return to play for surgically treated metacarpal fractures (56.7 ± 26.3 days) was significantly greater than nonsurgically treated metacarpal fractures (26.3 ± 12.1 days; P < .01). Return to play for surgically repaired phalangeal fractures (46.2 ± 10.8 days) trended greater but was not significantly different than phalangeal fractures treated nonsurgically (33.3 ± 28.5 days; P = .21). Conclusion: Hand injuries in professional basketball players can lead to prolonged periods of time away from competition, especially after surgery. This study provides guidelines on expected return to play in the NBA after these common hand injuries. PMID:28251168

  20. EFFICACY OF A SPORTS SPECIFIC BALANCE TRAINING PROGRAMME ON THE INCIDENCE OF ANKLE SPRAINS IN BASKETBALL

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    Elke Cumps

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy of a 22- week prescribed sports specific balance training programme on the incidence of lateral ankle sprains in basketball players. A controlled clinical trial was set up. In total 54 subjects of six teams participated and were assigned to either an intervention (IG or a control group (CG. The IG performed a prescribed balance training programme on top of their normal training routine, using balance semi-globes. The programme consisted of 4 basketball skills each session and its difficulty was progressively thought-out. The intervention lasted 22 weeks and was performed 3 times a week for 5 to 10 minutes. Efficacy of the intervention on the incidence of lateral ankle sprains was determined by calculating Relative Risks (RR, including their 95% Confidence Intervals or CI and incidence rates expressed per 1000h. RR (95% CI showed a significantly lower incidence of lateral ankle sprains in the IG compared to the CG for the total sample (RR= 0.30 [95% CI: 0.11-0.84] and in men (RR= 0.29 [95% CI: 0.09-0.93]. The difference in RR was not confirmed when examining the incidence rates and their 95%CI's, which overlapped. The risk for new or recurrent ankle sprains was slightly lower in the IG (new: RR= 0.76 [95% CI: 0.17-3.40]; re-injury: RR= 0.21 [95% CI: 0.03-1.44]. Based on these pilot results, the use of balance training is recommended as a routine during basketball activities for the prevention of ankle sprains

  1. Speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakovljevic, Sasa T; Karalejic, Milivoje S; Pajic, Zoran B; Macura, Marija M; Erculj, Frane F

    2012-09-01

    The aims of this study were (a) to identify and compare the speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players and (b) to investigate relations between speed and agility for both age groups of basketball players, to help coaches to improve their work. Sixty-four players aged 12 (M = 11.98 years, SD = 0.311) and 54 players aged 14 (M = 14.092 years, SD = 0.275) were tested. Three agility tests: agility t-test, zigzag agility drill, and agility run 4 × 15 m and 3 speed tests: 20-m run, 30-m run, and 50-m run were applied. Fourteen-year-old players achieved significantly better results in all speed and agility tests compared with 12-year-old players. The correlation coefficient (r = 0.81, p = 0.001) showed that 12-year-old players have the same ability in the 30- and 50-m runs. The other correlation coefficient (r = 0.59, p = 0.001) indicated that 20- and 30-m runs had inherently different qualities. The correlation coefficients between agility tests were year-old players, the correlation coefficients between the speed test results were 0.71, which means that all the 3 tests represent the same quality. During the speed training of 12-year-old players, it is advisable to focus on shorter running distances, up to 30 m. During the agility training of the same players, it is useful to apply exercises with various complexities. In speed training of the 14-year-old players, the 30- and 50-m runs should be applied, and agility training should include more specific basketball movements and activities.

  2. Immediate And Retention Effects Of Teaching Games For Understanding Approach On Basketball Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olosová Gabriela

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU links tactics and skills by emphasizing the appropriate timing and application within the tactical context of the game. It has been linked to the development of enhanced tactical knowledge. The purpose of the study was to determine immediate and delayed effects of TGfU on procedural and declarative knowledge of basketball and to compare it with a technical approach. Experimental group (EG (11 fifth graders + 18 sixth graders was taught by TGfU and a control group (CG (16 fifth graders + 24 sixth graders was taught by a technical approach for 8 weeks in Physical Education (PE classes, both. A written test was constructed to evaluate pupils’ declarative and procedural knowledge of basketball. The test was applied after the intervention to determine immediate effects and 8 months after the intervention to determine retention effects of the experimental programme. Shapiro-Wilk test, Wilcoxon T-test, Man-Whitney U-test were used for statistical analysis of obtained data. Cohen’s d was used to calculate effect size. Generally basketball knowledge was better in EG than in CG after the intervention (p<0.05 what confirms moderate effect size. When declarative and procedural knowledge were analysed separately there was no significant difference between EG and CG. Nevertheless, moderate effect sizes indicate that the data are particularly meaningful in terms of school practice. Retention effects of both approaches were similar. Total knowledge and declarative knowledge were worse after 8 months than immediately after the intervention in both groups (p<0.01. In both groups, there was no significant difference in procedural knowledge between the test written immediately after the intervention and 8 months later. Differences of changes were not significant between the groups.

  3. Structure of Coordination Motor Abilities in Male Basketball Players at Different Levels of Competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Sadowski

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the structure of coordination motor abilities (CMA in male basketball players at different levels of competition. Material and methods. The study included 183 male basketball players from 10 Polish sports clubs. The examined groups consisted of seniors (n=42 aged 24.5 (± 3.3, juniors (n=37 aged 16.8 (± 0.6, cadets (n=54 aged 14.5 (± 0.1 and children (n=50 aged 13.4 (± 0.2. A battery of motor tests was administered to assess the following CMA: kinesthetic differentiation of movements, spatio-temporal orientation, reaction time, movement coupling, sense of balance, sense of rhythm and adjustment of movements. The structure of CMA under investigation was determined based on the results of Hotelling's principal component analysis in Tucker's modification, completed with Kaiser's Varimax rotation [1, 2]. Results. The CMA structure of basketball players was composed of three or four factors. Most often these included rhythm, movement differentiation, movement coupling and adjustment of movements. Less frequently the structure consisted of spatio-temporal orientation, balance and reaction time. An in-depth analysis of the CMA structure revealed that factors ranged from heterogeneous (children and cadets to homogeneous ones (juniors and seniors. The distribution of identified factors in the common variance was the smallest in children and cadets (58.9% and 62.9%, respectively and the biggest in juniors and seniors (69.3% and 68.48%, respectively.

  4. Mental hoop diaries: Emotional memories of a college basketball game in rival fans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botzung, Anne; Rubin, David C.; Miles, Amanda; Cabeza, Roberto; LaBar, Kevin S.

    2012-01-01

    The rivalry between the men’s basketball teams of Duke University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC) is one of the most storied traditions in college sports. A subculture of students at each university form social bonds with fellow fans, develop expertise in college basketball rules, team statistics, and individual players, and self-identify as a member of a fan group. The present study capitalized on the high personal investment of these fans and the strong affective tenor of a Duke-UNC basketball game to examine the neural correlates of emotional memory retrieval for a complex sporting event. Male fans watched a competitive, archived game in a social setting. During a subsequent functional magnetic resonance imaging session, participants viewed video clips depicting individual plays of the game that ended with the ball being released towards the basket. For each play, participants recalled whether or not the shot went into the basket. Hemodynamic signal changes time-locked to correct memory decisions were analyzed as a function of emotional intensity and valence, according to the fan’s perspective. Results showed intensity-modulated retrieval activity in midline cortical structures, sensorimotor cortex, the striatum, and the medial temporal lobe, including the amygdala. Positively-valent memories specifically recruited processing in dorsal frontoparietal regions, and additional activity in the insula and medial temporal lobe for positively-valent shots recalled with high confidence. This novel paradigm reveals how brain regions implicated in emotion, memory retrieval, visuomotor imagery, and social cognition contribute to the recollection of specific plays in the mind of a sports fan. PMID:20147540

  5. Structure of Physical Fitness Among Young Female Basketball Players (Trends of Changes in 2006-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpowicz, Krzysztof; Karpowicz, Małgorzata; Strzelczyk, Ryszard

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this study was to identify trends of changes in the structure and levels of motor effects among young women basketball players in 2006-2013. These changes were examined in the context of comprehensive development of functional, fitness-related, and technical fundamentals with respect to requirements of specific training adopted as typical for targeted sports training stage. The research material was collected in 2006-2013 among young basketball players from the Greater Poland region. The study evaluated 169 girls (mean ± SD: age = 15.5 ± 0.5 years; height = 173.5 ± 5.8 cm; weight = 60.2 ± 7.9 kg). The measurements focused on the structure of motor effects in the athletes studied. For this purpose, the study used the International Physical Fitness Test. The study found that overall physical fitness of young women basketball players has been declining year by year. On the one hand, this might have been caused by the tendency for regression in motor modifications across generations that have been observed among populations. On the other hand, changes in weight-height ratio toward increasing obesity have also been observed. The results may serve as a kind of expertise about the structure of motor development of successive age groups of sports talented young women in light of training objectives at the targeted sports training stage as compared with trends typical for the general population. By describing the results of long-term research, this article offers a way of detecting possible positive or negative tendencies at a relatively early stage.

  6. Physiological and Technical Demands of No Dribble Game Drill in Young Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conte, Daniele; Favero, Terence G; Niederhausen, Meike; Capranica, Laura; Tessitore, Antonio

    2015-12-01

    This study assessed the physiological and technical demands of no dribble game drill (NDGD) in comparison with a regular drill (RD). Twenty-three young basketball players performed RDs and NDGDs in a random order. All basketball rules were followed for RDs, whereas dribbling was not permitted for NDGDs. The independent variable was the drill condition, and the dependent variables were percentage of maximal heart rate (%HRmax), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), Edwards training load (TL), and the following technical actions (TAs): pass (total, correct, wrong, and percent of correct passes), shot (total, scored, missed, and percent of made shots), interception, steal, turnover, and rebound. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were applied to assess differences between NDGD and RD conditions for each dependent variable, and the level of statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. Results showed higher values for %HRmax (p = 0.007), Edwards TL (p = 0.006), and RPE (p = 0.027) in NDGD compared with RD condition. Technical action analysis revealed higher values in NDGD than RD for total (p = 0.000), correct (p = 0.000), and wrong pass (p = 0.005), and interception (p = 0.001), whereas no significant differences were found for the other TAs. The main finding of this study was that NDGD condition elicited a greater physiological demand and a higher number of passes and interceptions than the RD one. Basketball coaches should consider the NDGD as a viable method to increase the physiological load of their training sessions and to teach passing skills in a game-based situation.

  7. Hydration profile and sweat loss perception of male and female division II basketball players during practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thigpen, Lauren K; Green, James M; OʼNeal, Eric K

    2014-12-01

    Hydration affects multiple aspects of basketball performance, but few investigations have examined the hydration profiles of collegiate basketball players. We examined multiday prepractice hydration status of 11 male and 11 female NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) Division II basketball players' sweat losses, fluid intake, and how accurately players estimated their sweat losses. Urine-specific gravity (USG) was spontaneously assessed before 2 practices. Sweat losses and fluid intakes were measured during a conditioning practice (CP) and sport-specific practice (SP). After practices, players filled 1,030 ml practice bottles to estimate their sweat losses. Urine-specific gravity between practices exhibited a moderate correlation (r = 0.54; p = 0.012) and were consistently high (17% of samples = USG >1.030) with no difference in mean USG between men (1.026 ± 0.004) and women (1.022 ± 0.008). Athletes' estimations of their sweat loss volumes between CP and the longer SP were strongly correlated (r = 0.88; p < 0.001). Estimation error was high (absolute error for both practices = 71 ± 52%) and error direction varied greatly within men. Women consistently underestimated sweat losses by 63 ± 28% and 65 ± 20% during CP and SP. Sweat losses during SP equaled 2,471 ± 495 ml and 1,910 ± 441 ml for men and women, respectively, but high practice fluid intake limited body mass losses to 1.1 ± 0.6% by the end of practice. It is plausible that hypohydration is related to poor conceptualization of sweat losses. Simulating the methodology of this study could help identify chronically hypohydrated athletes and be used to educate on between-practice fluid needs.

  8. Validity of the V-cut Test for Young Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalo-Skok, O; Tous-Fajardo, J; Suarez-Arrones, L; Arjol-Serrano, J L; Casajús, J A; Mendez-Villanueva, A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the reliability, usefulness, validity, age-related differences and responsiveness of a 25- m side-step cutting maneuver test (V-cut test). Fifty young male basketball players performed the V-cut test on 2 occasions separated by 5-7 days to assess test-retest reliability and determine a priori usefulness. Twenty subjects also completed both the L-Run and 505 test to analyze the possible relationships among these 3 tests. Furthermore, 33 players performed the V-cut test 4 times throughout the season to analyze responsiveness. Finally, 53 players (U-14 to U-20) were assessed in the V-cut test to examine the age-related differences. Reliability scores showed high intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC=0.90) and low coefficient of variation (CV=1.4%). The responsiveness of the V-cut test was good, as the typical short- (1.5-1.7%), mid- (1.6-3.1%) and long-term (3.3%) changes in V-cut performance were higher than the CV. Low (r=0.64; CL90%: 0.34; 0.82) to moderate (r=0.76; CL90%: 0.53; 0.88) relationships were found between the V-cut test with the 505 and L-Run test, respectively. Age-related differences analysis showed better V-cut test performance as age increased in adolescent basketball players. The V-cut test is reliable to assess change of direction ability (CODA) and it could be used to monitor CODA in adolescent basketball players.

  9. Prevention of emotional states among students from collegiate basketball and soccer teams

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    Malinauskas R.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the questions of the prevention of emotional states among students from collegiate basketball and football teams. The experiment involved 42 athletes aged 19-25. Two methods were used in the inquiry: Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale and Stress-coping Scale (Kiseliov's Thermometer. Results have shown that higher levels of sense of coherence and stress-coping were found in student-athletes after psycho-prophylactic program against these indicators before the psycho-prophylactic program.

  10. Training simulator for teaching a technique to the long transmission of ball in basket-ball by a method by an arcuated hand from above with threaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charikova K.M.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Technical devices which used in basket-ball are considered. The features of constructing of trainers and method of their application are selected in a training process. A trainer is offered for teaching a technique to the long transmission of ball in basket-ball. A trainer is a moving on a rope imitator of basket-ball ball. This construction allows to design initial position, замах for implementation of transmission and line of acceleration of ball in the final phase of motion. The method of the use of trainer is developed in an educational process.

  11. Effects of 6 Weeks Psychological Skill Training on Team Cohesion, Self-Confidence & Anxiety: A Case of Youth Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miçoogullari, Bülent Okan; Kirazci, Sadettin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a six-week psychological skill training (PST) program that is based on a cognitive-behavioral conceptual framework on team cohesion, confidence, and anxiety of an intact team. Thirty-six male basketball players, 19 athletes for the experimental group and 17 athletes for the control group, aged…

  12. The Influence of Whole-Body Vibration on Creatine Kinase Activity and Jumping Performance in Young Basketball Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fachina, Rafael; da Silva, Antônio; Falcão, William; Montagner, Paulo; Borin, João; Minozzo, Fábio; Falcão, Diego; Vancini, Rodrigo; Poston, Brach; de Lira, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: To quantify creatine kinase (CK) activity changes across time following an acute bout of whole-body vibration (WBV) and determine the association between changes in CK activity and jumping performance. Method: Twenty-six elite young basketball players were assigned to 3 groups: 36-Hz and 46-Hz vibration groups (G36 and G46, respectively)…

  13. Acquisition of a Complex Basketball-Dribbling Task in School Children as a Function of Bilateral Practice Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockel, Tino; Weigelt, Matthias; Krug, Jurgen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate order-of-practice effects for the acquisition of a complex basketball skill in a bilateral transfer paradigm. The task required participants to dribble as fast as possible in slalom-like movements across six javelins and return to the initial position. Fifty-two right-handed school children (M age =…

  14. A BALANCED TEAM WINS CHAMPIONSHIPS: 66 YEARS OF DATA FROM THE NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION AND THE NATIONAL FOOTBALL LEAGUE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otten, Mark P; Miller, Travis J

    2015-12-01

    Explicitly monitoring one's own actions has been noted as detrimental to the performance of fine motor skills under duress. Offensive skills rather than defensive skills are typically studied in this context. Defensive techniques typically require skills such as footwork and continuous movement, as opposed to more precise, hand-eye coordinated action. Explicit monitoring theory may be less relevant for defensive skills than offensive skills when playing under pressure. Archival data (66 years) for teams and for individual players was compiled from the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the National Football League (NFL). For basketball (n=778) and football (n=515) teams, regular season offensive and defensive statistics similarly predicted success in the postseason, which was assumed to create more pressure. For individual basketball players (n=5,132), nine indices of offensive (FG, free throw and three-point shooting, offensive win shares, points, and assists) and defensive (defensive win shares, steals, and blocks) production were compared; among these, three-point shooting percentage was least correlated from season to postseason, suggesting it is especially variable under pressure. A balanced basketball or football team that focuses on both offense and defense may be most successful.

  15. Effect of Ball Mass on Dribble, Pass, and Pass Reception in 9-11-Year-Old Boys' Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Jose L.; Argudo, Francisco M.; Alonso, Jose I.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the study was to analyze the effect of ball mass on dribble, pass, and pass reception in real game situations in 9-11-year-old boys' basketball. Participants were 54 boys identified from six federated teams. The independent variable was ball mass, and dependent variables were number of dribbles, passes, and pass receptions. Three…

  16. Role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth basketball

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria; Elferink-Gemser, Marije Titia; Tromp, Eveline Jenny Yvonne; Vaeyens, Roel; Visscher, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth male basketball. Forty-three talented Dutch players (14.66 +/- 1.09years) participated in this study. Maturity timing (age at peak height velocity), anthropometric, phy

  17. From the Court to the Classroom: Opportunities for Engagement, Learning, and Identity in Basketball and Classroom Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, Na'ilah Suad; Hand, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This study explored support for engagement in 2 settings: a high school basketball team and high school mathematics classrooms. Specifically, the study examined 3 aspects of these practices: (a) access to the domain, (b) opportunities to take on integral roles, and (c) opportunities for self-expression in the practice. Drawing on videotape and…

  18. Judgement bias in predicting the success of one's own basketball free throws but not those of others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañal-Bruland, Rouwen; Balch, Lars; Niesert, Loet

    2015-07-01

    Skilled basketball players are supposed to hit more often from the free throw distance than would be predicted by their shooting performances at adjacent distances. This is dubbed an especial skill. In the current study, we examined whether especial skills in free throw performance in basketball map onto especial skills in visually judging the success of basketball free throws. In addition, we tested whether this effect would be present in those who predict their own shots but absent in those who judge shots performed by another person. Eight skilled basketball players were coupled with eight equally skilled players, and performed 150 set shots from five different distances (including the free throw distance) while the yoked partner observed the shots. At the moment of ball release, the performers' and the observers' vision were synchronously occluded using liquid-crystal occlusion goggles, and both independently judged whether the shot was successful or not. Results did not replicate an especial skill effect in shooting performance. Based on signal detection theory (SDT) measures (d' and criterion c), results also revealed no especial skill for visually discriminating successful from unsuccessful shots at the foul line when compared to other distances. However, players showed an especial skill judgement bias towards judging balls 'in' at the foul line, but not at other distances. Importantly, this bias was only present in those who judged the success of their own shots, but not in those who judged the shots performed by someone else.

  19. WHY DO THEY ENGAGE IN SUCH HARD PROGRAMS? THE SEARCH FOR EXCELLENCE IN YOUTH BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E. Gonçalves

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Excellent performance in sport has a strong positive relationship with the accumulated hours of practice. The specialization years are seen as a decisive moment to lift the skill level, athletic readiness and commitment but the selection and orientation of talent has been strongly dependent of biological and motor variables. The purpose of this study is to describe the achievement and motivation variables that can explain the belonging to an elite competitive level of young basketball players. Eighty-two basketball players under 16 years fulfilled the WOFO Questionnaire (Spence and Helmreich, 1983, and an adapted version of the DPMQ (De Bruin, Rikers and Schmidt, 2007. Forty players (mean age 15. 8 ± 0.96 were engaged in high performance centres and forty-two (mean age 15.6 ± 1.01 played in national level clubs. A decision tree and a random forest analysis between elite and national level players were performed. The most discriminant variable was Will to Excel, with 85,2% true positives in elite or national level. Mastery and competitiveness did not enter the final model. The will to reach excellence in performance can be considered as a condition to engage in more specialized and demanding practice. The assessment of the path to expertise only through motor variables or through the accumulated hours of deliberate practice is limited and can lead to mistaken identification or orientation of young sport talents. The use of a more comprehensive model is needed

  20. The effect of heart rate variability biofeedback on performance psychology of basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Maman; Garg, Kanupriya

    2012-06-01

    Coping with pressure and anxiety is an ineluctable demand of sports performance. Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback (BFB) shall be used as a tool for self regulating physiological responses resulting in improved psycho physiological interactions. For further analysis, the present study has been designed to examine the relationship between anxiety and performance and also effectiveness of biofeedback protocol to create stress-eliciting situation in basketball players. Thirty basketball players of university level and above (both male and female) aged 18-28 years, who scored a minimum of 20 in state trait anxiety inventory, were randomly divided into three equal groups- Experimental (Biofeedback) group, Placebo group and Control (No Treatment) group. The BFB group received HRV BFB training for 10 consecutive days for 20 min that included breathing at individual's resonant frequency through a pacing stimulus; Placebo group was shown motivational video clips for 10 consecutive days for 10 min, whereas No Treatment Control group was not given any intervention. Two way repeated measure ANOVA was applied to analyze the differences within and between the groups. Anxiety, coping self-efficacy, heart rate variability, respiration rate, and performance (dribbling, passing and shooting) at session 1, 10 and 1 month follow up were statistically significant in each group along with interaction of group and time (p variable except performance. The results of the study support the idea that HRV BFB lowers the anxiety and thus there seems to be a potential association between HRV BFB and performance optimization.

  1. The Poisson model limits in NBA basketball: Complexity in team sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-González, Juan Manuel; de Saá Guerra, Yves; García-Manso, Juan Manuel; Arriaza, Enrique; Valverde-Estévez, Teresa

    2016-12-01

    Team sports are frequently studied by researchers. There is presumption that scoring in basketball is a random process and that can be described using the Poisson Model. Basketball is a collaboration-opposition sport, where the non-linear local interactions among players are reflected in the evolution of the score that ultimately determines the winner. In the NBA, the outcomes of close games are often decided in the last minute, where fouls play a main role. We examined 6130 NBA games in order to analyze the time intervals between baskets and scoring dynamics. Most numbers of baskets (n) over a time interval (ΔT) follow a Poisson distribution, but some (e.g., ΔT = 10 s, n > 3) behave as a Power Law. The Poisson distribution includes most baskets in any game, in most game situations, but in close games in the last minute, the numbers of events are distributed following a Power Law. The number of events can be adjusted by a mixture of two distributions. In close games, both teams try to maintain their advantage solely in order to reach the last minute: a completely different game. For this reason, we propose to use the Poisson model as a reference. The complex dynamics will emerge from the limits of this model.

  2. The Influence of Unsportsmanlike Fouls on Basketball Teams' Performance According to Context-Related Variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, Miguel-Ángel; Toro, Enrique Ortega; Furley, Philip

    2016-07-01

    The aim of the current study was to analyze the temporal effects that unsportsmanlike fouls may have on basketball teams' scoring performance under consideration of context-related variables. The authors analyzed 130 unsportsmanlike fouls from 362 elite basketball games (men's and women's Olympic Games, European and World Championships). The context-related variables studied were score-line, quality of opposition, timeout situation, minutes remaining, and player status. The data were analyzed with linear-regression models. The results showed that both teams (the team that made the foul and the opponent) had similar positive scoring performances during 1 and 3 ball possessions after the unsportsmanlike foul (short-term effect). However, 5 ball possessions after the foul (midterm effect), the team that made the foul had a scoring disadvantage (-0.96) and the opponent team an advantage (0.78). The context-related variable quality of opposition was significant only during 1 ball possession, with negative effects for the team that made the foul and positive effects for the opponent. The final outcome showed a positive effect for score-line when the unsportsmanlike foul was made (0.96) and for quality of opposition (0.64).

  3. Differences Between Perceived and Registered Behavior of Basketball Coaches After Shot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Longarela Pérez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research examines the behavior of youth club basketball coaches after a shot in real-competition situations. Six licensed coaches of the Spanish Basketball Federation took part in this study; all the teams competed in the Galician league (Spain in the 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 seasons. There were five men’s teams and one women’s team, with players between 11 and 17 years old. To record the behavior, a new instrument was used based mainly on the Coach Behaviour Assessment System (CBAS, which also incorporates some of the adjustments made in the SOCE (Sistema Observación Conductas Entrenador developed by Montero. The instrument was designed to analyze the behavior of coaches after their players have taken shots. In total, 38 official matches were analyzed. Registered behaviors were compared with auto-perceived data in the same situation. From the results obtained, significant differences between the registered behavior and the auto-perception of the coaches are evident.

  4. Post-concussive syndrome in a female basketball player: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Str

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Sarah L StrandDepartment of Health and Human Sciences, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: The objective of this case study was to identify the signs and symptoms of concussion and post-concussive syndrome in a collegiate, female basketball player, as well as her progress to becoming symptom free. The patient, a previously healthy, 21-year-old with no previous head injuries, experienced a concussion and continued to participate in her sport. Even though the athlete knew the risks of playing while symptomatic, she did not report her symptoms, and continued playing until the season ended. This case highlights that even when patients know the risks, they may be willing to overlook them to continue playing and it emphasizes the importance of further education. In addition, it shows that even when following recommended guidelines, and with normal neurocognitive testing, symptoms may come back upon return to play.Keywords: concussion, basketball, mild traumatic brain injury, female athletes

  5. Positional Role Differences in the Aerobic and Anaerobic Power of Elite Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pojskić Haris

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to compare the aerobic and anaerobic power and capacity of elite male basketball players who played multiple positions. Fifty-five healthy players were divided into the following three different subsamples according to their positional role: guards (n = 22, forwards (n = 19 and centers (n = 14. The following three tests were applied to estimate their aerobic and anaerobic power and capacities: the countermovement jump (CMJ, a multistage shuttle run test and the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST. The obtained data were used to calculate the players’ aerobic and anaerobic power and capacities. To determine the possible differences between the subjects considering their different positions on the court, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA with the Bonferroni post-hoc test for multiple comparisons was used. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the different groups of players in eleven out of sixteen measured variables. Guards and forwards exhibited greater aerobic and relative values of anaerobic power, allowing shorter recovery times and the ability to repeat high intensity, basketball-specific activities. Centers presented greater values of absolute anaerobic power and capacities, permitting greater force production during discrete tasks. Coaches can use these data to create more individualized strength and conditioning programs for different positional roles.

  6. Fluid balance in amateur female basketball players: follow-up of 10 games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Batalla-Gavalda

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of the present study was to understand the development of hydration needs during a playoff stint, in a match situation, for an amateur women’s basketball team. In addition, the existence of possible differences in the level of dehydration according to playing position was analyzed. Material and Methods: Pilot study with single group measurements before competition and after competition was done. Both amateur basketball players (n=10 and their personal water containers were weighted before and after every match. Weight variations were evaluated considering the ingested liquid and replenishment liquid discharged through urine. Results: Results showed that there are significant differences between body mass before and after each match (z=8.551; p<.0005. However, magnitude of dehydration was very different in each player and match, with average values between 0.63kg (0.9% body weight and 0.95kg (1.37% body weight. In addition, there were not significant differences in the level of dehydration according to the playing position (F=1.59; p=0.1929. Conclusions: These evaluations confirm high intra and interpersonal variations as per body mass loss during the 10 referred playoff stint matches. Recommendation of creation of individualized hydration protocols is suggested.

  7. LEISURE SATISFACTION IN FOOTBALL AND BASKETBALL FANS: A SAMPLE OF AFYONKARAHISAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin GÜMÜŞ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The p urpose of this study was to examin e the leisure satisfaction level of fo o tball and basketball fa ns ac c ording to some demographic variables. In total, 330 ( age: 26.90 ± 8.9 people were included in this study of which 171 ( age: 25.68 ± 8.29 were basketball fans and 159 ( age: 28.22 ± 9.63 were football fans. The leisure satisfaction scale formed by Beard and Ragheb (1980 and the Turkish validity and reability study conducted by Karli et. al. Was used as a data collection instrument in this study. The l e isure Satisfaction Scale is a 5 - point Likert - Scale (1: Almost never true for me, 2: Seldom true for me, 3 : Sometimes true for me, 4 : Often true for me, 5 : Almost always true for me, an d is used to evaluate the satisfaction levels of people who participate in leisure activites . As a result, though the analysis did not show any significant relation between leisure satisfaction and educational status or where they grew up , it showed a statistically significan t difference in marital status, economic levels and participation in a sport branch .

  8. Effects of Dynamic Neuromuscular Analysis Training on Static and Dynamic Balance in Indian Female Basketball Players

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    Archna Sharma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of dynamic neuromuscular analysis on static and dynamic balance of Indian state level female athletes. It was hypothesized that the training protocol would improve both static and dynamic components of the balance, improving dynamic balance more than static. A total of 43 randomly selected state level female basketball players aged 16 -18 years participated in the study. The subjects were further divided into two groups, viz. Dynamic Neuromuscular Analysis (DNA group (n=23 and control group (n = 20. Pre and post static balance was tested to all the subjects by Stork Balance Test (SBT and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS, and dynamic balance was measured by Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT. DNA intervention of 90 minutes was given for 6 weeks while the control group followed traditional training. Results showed a significant improvement both in static and dynamic balance (p<0.001. It might be concluded that 6 week DNA training designed for the prevention of ACL injuries could also improve both static and dynamic balance in Indian female basketball players.

  9. LONG TERM EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TRAINING MODALITIES ON POWER, SPEED, SKILL AND ANAEROBIC CAPACITY IN YOUNG MALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mindaugas Balciunas

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of 4 months of different training modalities on power, speed, skill and anaerobic capacity in 15-16 year old male basketball players. Thirty five Lithuanian basketball players were randomly assigned into three groups: power endurance group (intermittent exercise, PE, n = 12, general endurance group (continuous exercise, GE, n = 11 and control group (regular basketball training, CG, n = 12. The power endurance model was based in basketball game external structure whereas the general endurance model was based in continuous actions that frequently occur during the basketball game. The training models were used for 16 weeks in sessions conducted 3 times a week during 90 minutes each in the competition period. The following tests were performed: 20 m speed run, Squat jump, Countermovement jump, Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST, 2 min. shooting test and the Shuttle ball-dribbling test. A 3×2 repeated measures ANOVA revealed no statistically significant differences in the 20 m speed run, Squat jump and Countermovement jump (p > 0.05. On the other hand, RAST showed significant increases in PE, with greater increases during the 5th and 6th runs. The PE training model also produced a significant improvement in the shuttle ball-dribbling test (48.7 ± 1.5 in the pretest, 45.5 ± 1.3 in the posttest, p < 0.05. Globally, our results suggest that both training modalities were able to maintain initial values of speed and power, however, the anaerobic capacity and skill increased only in the players from the power endurance group. Therefore, the power endurance training (intermittent high intensity exercise may be more beneficial to prepare junior players according to the game cardiovascular and metabolic specific determinants

  10. Research of Strength Training Method of Basketball Athletes%篮球运动员力量训练方法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘航

    2014-01-01

    根据篮球运动的特点,提出对各个部位的力量训练方法,为提高篮球运动员力量提供一些方法与建议。%This paper puts forward strength training method of each body part according to characteristics of basketball. It provides some methods and suggests for strength improvement of basketball athletes.

  11. NBA扣篮展示的篮球文化对篮球训练起到的导向作用%NBA's Dunking Show Basketball Culture and its Guiding Role to the Improvement of China's Basketball Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向前

    2011-01-01

    NBA篮球技术层文化是以篮球核心技术——投篮为载体的,而扣篮这一独特、富有激情与想象的技术,所展现的是美国篮球的个性文化、球星文化、审美文化。NBA扣篮展示文化符合了现阶段篮球运动发展的特征、规律,引领着美国篮球乃至世界篮球的发展方向,对我国篮球训练水平的提高起着重要的导向作用。%Basketball is an upward movement.All the movements of basketball is finally for upward.NBA’s technology culture is based on basketball’s core technology — shooting,which can reflect American basketball culture such as: personality culture,star culture,aesthetic culture.NBA’s "dunking" culture accords with characteristics and laws of present basketball development,and leads the directions of American basketball development and even world basketball development.Therefore it plays an important guiding role to the improvement of China’s basketball.

  12. Position-Dependent Cardiovascular Response and Time-Motion Analysis During Training Drills and Friendly Matches in Elite Male Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Ronda, Lorena; Ric, Angel; Llabres-Torres, Ivan; de Las Heras, Bernat; Schelling I Del Alcazar, Xavi

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure differences in the cardiovascular workload (heart rate [HR]) and time-motion demands between positional groups, during numerous basketball training drills, and compare the results with in-game competition demands. A convenience sample of 14 top-level professional basketball players from the same club (Spanish First Division, ACB) participated in the study. A total of 146 basketball exercises per player (performed over an 8-week period in 32 team training sessions throughout the competitive season) and 7 friendly matches (FM) played during the preparatory phase were analyzed. The results reveal that HRavg and HRpeak were the highest in FM (158 ± 10; 198 ± 9 b · min(-1), respectively). Time-motion analysis showed 1v1 to be the most demanding drill (53 ± 8 and 46 ± 12 movements per minute for full and half court, respectively). During FM, players performed 33 ± 7 movements per minute. Positional differences exist for both HR and time-motion demands, ranging from moderate to very large for all basketball drills compared with FM. Constraints such as number of players, court size, work-to-rest ratios, and coach intervention are key factors influencing cardiovascular responses and time-motion demands during basketball training sessions. These results demonstrate that systematic monitoring of the physical demands and physiological responses during training and competition can inform and potentially improve coaching strategy, basketball-specific training drills, and ultimately, match performance.

  13. Fluctuations in Activity Demands Across Game Quarters in Professional and Semiprofessional Male Basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron T; Tucker, Patrick S; Dascombe, Ben J; Berkelmans, Daniel M; Hiskens, Matthew I; Dalbo, Vincent J

    2015-11-01

    Examination of activity demands and stoppage durations across game periods provides useful insight concerning fatigue, tactical strategies, and playing pace in team sports such as basketball. Therefore, the aims of this study were to quantify and compare game activity fluctuations across quarters in professional and semiprofessional basketball players. Video-based time-motion analyses were conducted across multiple games. Frequencies, total durations (in seconds), total distances (in meters), and mean velocities (in meters per second) were calculated for low-intensity movement (≤3 m·s), high-intensity movement (>3 m·s), shuffling, and dribbling activity. Frequencies were determined for jumping and upper-body activity; stoppage durations were also calculated. Separate repeated-measures analysis of variance and Cohen's d were used to identify significant differences and quantify the effect sizes between game quarters for all outcome measures, respectively. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to determine the relationship between stoppage duration and all activity measures. The results showed significantly (p ≤ 0.05) reduced dribbling (3.09 ± 0.03 m·s vs. 2.81 ± 0.01 m·s) and total (2.22 ± 0.04 m·s vs. 2.09 ± 0.03 m·s) activity velocities during the third compared with the first quarter in professional players. Furthermore, effect size analyses showed greater decreases in high-intensity (professional: d = 1.7-5.4; semiprofessional: d = 0.3-1.7), shuffling (professional: d = 2.3-3.2; semiprofessional: d = 1.4-2.1), and total (professional: d = 1.0-4.9; semiprofessional: d = 0.3-0.8) activity and increases in dribbling (professional: d = 1.4-4.7; semiprofessional: d = 2.5-2.8) with game progression in professional players. In semiprofessional players, stoppage duration was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) related to various low-intensity (R = 0.64-0.72), high-intensity (R = 0.65-0.72), and total (R = 0.63-0.73) activity measures. Although not directly

  14. Role of force training in physical training of student basketball team players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brynzak S.S.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Presented results of the implementation of the program of strength training in the preparation of the annual cycle of student basketball team. The study involved 15 athletes. The testing program included the evaluation of home and remote speed (running 6 and 20 m with a high launch, speed and overall endurance (2x40 shuttle run test with and Cooper, speed-strength (high jump, strength (gets dynamometry. Strength training program was included in classes 3 times a week for two months before the start of the competition period. Found that the proposed program of strength training improves physical fitness of the players. Marked increase in the level of development of motor qualities of the players during the macrocycle. There was a significant increase in physical fitness of players on the team at the end of the competition period. Marked improvement in starting, telecommuting, speed and speed endurance. Increased overall endurance and strength, but the level of development is low.

  15. The Reasearch on the Anti-Fatigue Effect of Whey Protein Powder in Basketball Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronghui, Sun

    2015-01-01

    In order to observe the effects of whey protein powder on hematological indexes of players majoring in physical education in the basketball training, the authors divided the players randomly into a control group and a nutrition group. Athletes complete the 30 minutes quantitative exercise using cycle ergometer respectively before the trial and after one month trial. Then we exsanguinated immediately after exercise, extracted heparin and measured hemoglobin, red blood cell count, hematocrit and mean corpuscular volume and other hematological indices. The results showed that after taking whey protein powder, the HB, RBC, HCT of nutrition group was significantly higher that the control group. This suggests that in high-intensity training, taking whey protein powder can cause changes of HB, RBC and HCT in human body, meanwhile MCV essentially the same. So whey protein powder can improve exercise capacity, and has anti-fatigue effect.

  16. Sternal Osteomyelitis and Abscess Caused by Elbowing during a Basketball Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideo Ichimura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for further investigation and treatment of sternal osteomyelitis due to blunt chest trauma, more specifically elbowing during a basketball game 19 days earlier. On an initial presentation, his chest was markedly swollen and chest computed tomography demonstrated a sternal fracture and massive fluid collection in the chest wall. Since his general condition remained fairly good, we initially selected minimal drainage concomitant with antibiotics; if it was unsuccessful, we planned to switch to a more radical debridement procedure. The patient recovered without further invasive intervention and was discharged on postoperative day 26. There is no sign of recurrence six months after operation. This case report indicates that minimal drainage would be a good option for treatment in a phased strategy.

  17. THE COACH-ATHLETE RELATIONSHIP IN BASKETBALL. ANALYSIS OF THE ANTECEDENTS, COMPONENTS AND OUTCOMES

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    Jos\\u00E9 M. S\\u00E1nchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to examine the coach-athlete relationship by analyzing the determinants of the quality of that relationship, the components emerged from previous constraints and the outcomes of the relationship. We accomplished a qualitative study using semistructured in-depth interviews with a total of 4 dyads (2 coaches and 4 players selected deliberately. The data obtained suggested that the coach-athlete relationship in basketball is organized into three layers: a relationship antecedent variables (coach's and athlete's behaviour and values wanted, b components (behaviours, feelings, cognitions, improvement and maintenance strategies, and management of differences and c the consequences or outcomes (the coach and the player. In conclusion, we found that the different antecedents determine the components of the relationship, generating, in the case of positive relationships, satisfaction, wellbeing and performance, representing a personal and professional growth in both members of the dyad.

  18. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIMENSIONS AND SUB-DIMENSIONS OF YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS' PERSONALITIES

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    M\\u00AA Isabel Pi\\u00F1ar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present work is to assess the personality traits of young basketball players aged 16-18 years (n=186 through the description of the dimensions and sub-dimension from the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ regarding personality. This was a non-experimental study in which a descriptive transversal design was used. The results that were obtained indicate the players in the selected sample are characterized as people who are: a moderately dynamic, extraverted and dominant; b moderately altruistic, understanding and tolerant; c moderately responsible, orderly, and diligent; d moderately balanced, calm, patient, and able to manage their emotions moderately well; and e rather uncreative, unimaginative, and not well informed.

  19. Scaling lower-limb isokinetic strength for biological maturation and body size in adolescent basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Humberto Moreira; Coelho-e-Silva, Manuel; Valente-dos-Santos, João; Gonçalves, Rui Soles; Philippaerts, Renaat; Malina, Robert

    2012-08-01

    The relationships between knee joint isokinetic strength, biological maturity status and body size were examined in 14-16-year-old basketball players, considering proportional allometric modeling. Biological maturity status was assessed with maturity offset protocol. Stature, body mass, sitting height, and estimated thigh volume were measured by anthropometry. Maximal moments of force of concentric and eccentric muscular actions for the knee extensors and flexors were assessed by isokinetic dynamometry at 60° s(-1). Regression analysis revealed a linear relation between maximal moments of force of the knee extensors in both muscular actions and knee flexors in concentric actions were moderately high (0.55 ≤ r ≤ 0.64). As for knee flexors in eccentric actions, a squared term of maturity indicator was significant indicating that the relationship with maturity offset tended to plateau approximately 2 years after PHV. Incorporating maturity indicator term with body size term (body mass or thigh volume) in the allometric models revealed that the size exponents for both body mass and thigh volume were reduced compared with simple allometric modeling. The results indicate a significant inter-individual variation in lower-limb isokinetic strength performance at 60° s(-1) in concentric and eccentric muscular actions in late adolescent basketball players. The variability in performance is related to inter-individual variation in estimated time before or after peak height velocity, as well as differences in body size. Proportional allometric models indicate that the influence of estimated time from age at peak height velocity on isokinetic strength performance is mostly mediated by corresponding changes in overall body mass.

  20. Relationship between 1RM back squat test results and explosive movements in professional basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Jakovljević

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were related to the research of the relations between the abilities of professional basketball players in the performance of one repetition maximum (1RM back squat and explosive movements, such as 5, 10 and 20-metre running, and vertical jump; as well as the detection and comparison of these abilities between players who play on the outside and inside positions. The study involved 35 professional basketball players (22 outside and 13 inside who were selected as candidates for the national team of Bulgaria. Independent variables of muscular strength were obtained by applying the 1RM back squat test (142.06 ± 29.31 kg, and were normalized with respect to the body mass (1RM Squat/kg (1.51 ± 0.25 and by applying suitable allometric exponent (1RM SquatAl (6.86 ± 1.16. Dependent variables were obtained using two tests: 20-metre run (times registered at 5 and 10 metres and vertical jump (used to calculate the variable peak anaerobic power (PAPW. The results indicated that none of the variables of strength were significantly related to the speed performance, while moderate correlations occurred between the normalized strength variables (1RM Squat/kg and 1RM SquatAl and vertical jump (r = 0.310 and r = 0.308 / p < 0.05. The results obtained show greater correlation (r = 0.660 / p < 0.01 in the ability to deliver power when performing squat and mechanical work performed in vertical jumps. Outside and inside players were significantly different in three variables only: peak anaerobic power, body height and body weight.

  1. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIORHYTHM (PHYSICAL CYCLE AND SPORTS PERFORMANCE IN WOMEN'S BASKETBALL

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    Shafiee Shahram

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : Despite many researches that have been done in the field of biorhythm and due to lack of single view among scholars, as well as importance of forecasting of athletes’ performance to improve their results, the purpose of this study is to determine relationship between biorhythm (physical cycle and sports performance of Iranian Super League women basketball players. Material : This is a descriptive-correlational study. Statistical population was women basketball players in 1394-95 women's Super League and the statistical sample included all of the players of the teams, qualified as semi-finalists (44 players. The tool, used in this research, was athletes’ performance questionnaire (Charbonneau, 2001 containing five questions by a Likert scale from 1 (poor to 5 (excellent points. Biorhythm software and descriptive tests and also inferential statistical test including Chi-Square, independent T-test and one way ANOVA at significance level of (a<0.05 in SPSS software were used for analyzing the collected data. Results: results showed that there was no significant relationship between physical energy and performance of athletes (p = 0.85. Also the results of one way ANOVA test showed that there was no significant difference between performance of athletes at three levels (positive, negative and critical and physical cycle (p = 0.96. The value of Chi-Square was equal to 2.63 that showed there was no significant relationship between different levels of physical cycle and the results (win or lose of match (p = 0.026. Conclusion : The results of this study revealed that physical performance did not depend on 23-day cycle, stated in the Biorhythm theory, and there was no evidence proving existence of these cycles. It can be concluded that there is no justifying reason to use the Biorhythm software in hard exercises.

  2. Relationship between Core Stability Muscle Endurance and Static and Dynamic Balance in Basketball Players

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    farzaneh saki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Balancing is the most basic function of the neuromuscular system in performing all simple and complex activities that contribute to health-related physical fitness. Core stability may be a contributing factor to static and dynamic balance. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between core stability muscle endurance and static and dynamic balance in basketball players. Methods: 100 basketball players (50 female and 50 male players were selected randomly based on the including criteria.To evaluate core stability muscle strength, a set of tests from core stability exercises was used. Static and dynamic balance were evaluated by Bass Stick and Y balance test respectively. Normality of the data was evaluated using the Kolmogorov Smirnoff test. Data analysis was performed by Spearman product moment coefficient test and independent samples t test. Significant level of p&le0/05 was used in all statistical analyses. Results: Results of t-test showed no significant difference between static balance in boys and girls, while significant differences were observed between dynamic balance and core stability in males and females. In other words, core stability and dynamic balance in boys were more than girls. Also, the results of correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between core stability and dynamic balance (p=0.00 However, no significant relationship was observed between core stability and static balance (p=0.451. Conclusion: Due to the correlation between muscle endurance and dynamic balance in the present study, it can be implied that core stability exercises can improve balance.

  3. Effect of Number of Players and Maturity on Ball-Drills Training Load in Youth Basketball

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    Daniele Conte

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the basketball ball-drills workload analyzing: (1 the effect of varying the number of players involved on physiological and technical demands; (2 the temporal changes in players’ responses across bouts; and (3 the relationship of players’ workload with their maturation status and training age. Twelve young male basketball players (mean ± SD; age 13.9 ± 0.7 years; height 1.76 ± 0.06 m; body mass 65.7 ± 12.5 kg; HRmax 202 ± 8 beat·min−1 completed three bouts of 4 min interspersed by 2 min of passive recovery of two vs. two and four vs. four ball-drills. The mean percentage of HRmax (%HRmax and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE were collected. Technical actions (TAs (dribbles, passes, shots, interceptions, steals, rebounds, and turnovers were calculated through notational analysis. Players’ genitalia development (GD and pubic hair (PH growth were assessed using Tanner scale. Results showed a higher %HRmax (p = 0.018, RPE (p = 0.042, dribbles (p = 0.007, shots (p = 0.003, and rebounds (p = 0.006 in two vs. two compared to four vs. four condition. Furthermore, a statistical difference was found for %HRmax (p = 0.005 and number of passes (p = 0.020 between bouts. In addition, no correlation between GD, PH, and training age with %HRmax, RPE, and TAs was found. These findings suggest that variations of the number of players involved affect ball-drills workload and that ball-drills training intensity varies across bouts. Finally, ball-drills elicit an adequate training stimulus, regardless of players’ maturation status and training age.

  4. The effect of an official match on repeated sprint ability in junior basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caprino, Davide; Clarke, Neil David; Delextrat, Anne

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an official basketball match on repeated sprint ability indices in male junior players. Ten (16 ± 1 years old; 183.6 ± 7.0 cm; 76.6 ± 8.0 kg) starting players for their teams performed three repeated sprint ability tests, before, at half-time and immediately after an official match. Each repeated sprint ability test consisted of 10 shuttle-run sprints of 30 m (15 + 15 m) separated by 30 seconds of passive recovery. The matches were video-taped to determine the frequency of eight types of movement patterns, and blood lactate concentration was measured before and immediately after each repeated sprint ability test. Differences in total time, ideal time and percentage decrement between tests was assessed by a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures, while a two-way ANOVA with repeated measures was used to identify differences in blood lactate concentration. The main results indicated a significant decrease in total movement frequency (-9.9%), high-intensity activity frequency (-13.3%), run frequency (-13.0%) and sprint frequency (-23.3%) in the second compared to the first half, and significantly worse total time and ideal time at the end of the match, compared to the start and half-time (differences ranging from -2.1% to -2.9%, P < 0.05). The practical implications of these findings suggest that regional basketball players should participate in conditioning sessions that focus on the improvement of repeated sprint ability.

  5. Defensive pressure affects basketball technical actions but not the time-motion variables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jaime Sampaio; Roland Leser; Arnold Baca; Julio Calleja-Gonzalez; Diogo Coutinho; Bruno Gonçalves; Nuno Leite

    2016-01-01

    Background: Novel player tracking technologies can change the understanding of performance determinants in team sports by allowing to accurately measuring the activity demands. The aim of this study was to identify how the defensive pressure affects the time-motion variables and the technical actions in basketball. Methods: Twenty international male players (age:16.05 ± 2.09 years, weight:73.13 ± 8.10 kg, height:183.10 ± 5.88 cm) played two 10 min basketball quarters, where they used a man-to-man 1/4-court defense until the 4th min (F1/4), changed to man-to-man full court (FULL) for 3 min and, from the 7th to the 10th min returned to 1/4-court defense (S1/4). A computerized notational analysis was performed using Simi Scout and positional data were captured with the Ubisense Real Time Location System (mean sampling rate 3.74 ± 0.45 Hz per transmitter/player). Results: The time-motion variables presented similar results between defensive conditions, showing a total distance covered around 90 m/min. However, results suggested possible vertical jump impairments in S1/4 periods. There was more distance covered while jogging in the offensive court (38.15 ± 12.17 m/min offensive court vs. 32.94 ± 10.84 m/min defensive court, p<0.05) and more distance covered while running in the defensive court (16.41 ± 10.27 m/min offensive court vs. 19.56 ± 10.29 m/min defensive court, p<0.05). Conclusion: These results suggest how to improve task representativeness during specific conditioning or game-based training situations and also to help coaches’ strategic decisions during the games.

  6. Characteristics of upper extremity’s muscle strength in Turkish national wheelchair basketball players team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akınoğlu, Bihter; Kocahan, Tuğba

    2017-01-01

    The objective of this study was to reveal characteristics of muscle strength of upper extremities of wheelchair (WC) basketball players and to ensure more-specific training program preparation. Isokinetic muscle strength of 12 WC basketball players were assessed by ISOMED 2000 device. The assessment protocol was evaluated at 60°/sec velocity with 5 times repeated force and at 240°/sec with 15 times repeated force. This protocol was carried out individually for shoulder flexion-extension and wrist flexion-extension movements at the right and left extremities. The flexion/extension ratio was determined to be outside of the ratios accepted as normal for primarily shoulder joint and for wrist joint. The extension movement was stronger than flexion movement in the shoulders at both velocities and the flexion movement was stronger than ex-tension movement in the wrist. The repeat times where the peak torque occurred were 2–3 repeats at 60°/sec velocity during flexion and extension movements for the wrist and shoulders, and the peak torque occurred at an average of 5–6 repeats in the shoulders at 240°/sec velocity and it occurred at 3–4 repeats in the wrist. The angles where the peak torque of the shoulder flexion and extension occurred varied between 80°–115° at both velocities, and it varied between 5°–30° angles for the wrist. As this study revealed, determination of muscle strength characteristics of WC athletes and especially using objective isokinetic devices will guide the planning of the appropriate training and exercise programs and preventing sports injuries in long term.

  7. A protocol of intermittent exercise (shuttle runs) to train young basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zadro, Ivan; Sepulcri, Luigino; Lazzer, Stefano; Fregolent, Rudy; Zamparo, Paola

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to set up a protocol of intermittent exercise to train young basketball players. Twenty-one players were asked to complete (a) an incremental test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), the speed at the ventilatory threshold (vthr) and the energy cost of "linear" running (Cr) and (b) an intermittent test composed of 10 shuttle runs of 10-second duration and 30-seconds of recovery (total duration: about 6 minutes). The exercise intensity (the running speed, vi) was set at 130% of vthr. During the intermittent tests, oxygen uptake (VO2) and blood lactate concentration (Lab) were measured. The average pretraining VO2 calculated for a single bout (131 ± 9 ml · min(-1) kg(-1)) was about 2.4 times greater than the subjects' measured VO2max (54.7 ± 4.6 ml · min(-1) · kg(-1)). The net energy cost of running (9.2 ± 0.9 J · m(-1) · kg(-1)) was about 2.4 times higher than that measured at constant "linear" speed (3.9 ± 0.3 J · m(-1) · kg(-1)). The intermittent test was repeated after 7 weeks of training: 9 subjects (control group [CG]) maintained their traditional training schedule, whereas for 12 subjects (experimental group [EG]) part of the training was replaced by intermittent exercise (the same shuttle test as described above). After training, the VO2 measured during the intermittent test was significantly reduced (p young basketball players.

  8. PROSPECTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF BASKETBALL INJURIES DURING ONE COMPETITIVE SEASON: ANKLE SPRAINS AND OVERUSE KNEE INJURIES

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    Elke Cumps

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This prospective cohort study aims to assess the overall incidence of acute and overuse basketball injuries and identifies risk factors associated with ankle sprains and knee overuse injuries. In total, 164 senior players (23.7 years ± 7.0 of all levels of play, and including both men and women, participated voluntarily during one season. A total of 139 acute and 87 overuse injuries were reported, resulting in an overall injury incidence of 9.8 (8.5 to 11.1 per 1,000 hours. The incidence of acute injuries was 6.0/1,000 hours. Ankle sprains (n = 34 accounted for most acute injuries, and 52.9% of all players with ankle sprains reported a previous ankle sprain. Relative Risks (RR and Odds Ratio (OR with their 95% Confidence Intervals (CI were calculated to determine significant differences. Landing on an opponent's foot was the major inciting event, significantly more so than non contact mechanisms (RR=2.1 [95% CI: 1.0-4.2]. Acute knee injuries resulted in the highest playing absence (7 weeks 2 days ± 9 weeks 1 day. Overuse injury incidence was 3.8/1,000 hours. The knee (1.5/1,000 hours was the most common site. Forward players sustained less knee overuse injuries than players of all other playing positions, and significantly less than center players (OR=0.5 [95% CI: 0.2-0.9]. This study showed that ankle sprains and overuse knee injuries are the most common injuries in basketball, both accounting for 14.8%. Injury prevention programmes however should not concentrate on those injuries only, but might one to consider that acute knee injuries, in spite of the fact that they occur less frequently, also merit further research.

  9. 高校篮球运动中损伤原因及预防%Causes and prevention of injury in university Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李诚浩

    2013-01-01

      篮球是具有广泛群众基础的体育项目,其极强的竞技性和娱乐性让很多人都乐于参与其中。不仅如此,随着篮球赛事的不断增多,这项球类运动也得到了越来越多人的关注。随着我国篮球事业的不断发展,我国也涌现出了很多的优秀篮球运动员,像姚明、易建联等,这些巨星也点燃了我国群众参与篮球运动的热情。然而,篮球运动是一项非常激烈的运动,这就使得很多人会在打篮球时出现身体上的损伤。本文首先对篮球运动中的损伤进行论述,其次,分析了篮球运动损伤的原因及损伤位置分析,最后分析了篮球运动损伤的预防措施。%  Basketball is a popular sport, its strong sports and entertainment characteristics to let a lot of people are willing to participate in. Not only that, along with the basketball games increasing, the ball games have been more and more people's attention. With the continuous development of China's basketball career, our country also emerges many outstanding basketball players, like Yao Ming, Yi Jian-lian and so on, these stars also ignite China's public passion to participate in basketball. However, basketball is a very intense exercise, it makes a lot of people injury while playing basketball. In this paper, the basketball sport injury is analyzed, and the injury location of basketball sports injury, finally analyzes the basketball sports injury prevention measures.

  10. 浅析中国男篮备战第28届男篮亚锦赛体能训练%The Chinese men's Basketball Team for the 28th Shallow men's Basketball Championships in Physical Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高鲁川

    2016-01-01

    Men's basketball team at the Asian championship regain Asian champion in China, the novel a more scientific physical training is of help to win victory is important one annulus. In this article, through the analysis of relevant data and documents, analyzed the physical preparation before the men's basketball team at the 28th FIBA Asia championship,and the typical physical advantages to win in the Asian championship game, through a more objective and detailed understanding of the,for our local and school sports basketball physical training is of great significance,to better basketball training work.%该届男篮亚锦赛我国重夺亚洲冠军,更加科学新颖的体能训练是有助赢得比赛胜利的重要一环。该文通过相关数据的分析和文献的整理,分析了我国男篮在第28届男篮亚锦赛前的体能准备,以及该届亚锦赛中典型的体能优势取胜的比赛,通过更加客观细致地了解,为我国各地方及学校体育的篮球体能训练具有重要的借鉴意义,为更好地开展篮球育才工作添砖加瓦。

  11. Comparison of the short-term oxidative stress response in National League basketball and soccer adolescent athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrea, Anastasia; Vlachos, Ioannis S; Korou, Laskarina-Maria; Doulamis, Ilias P; Exarhopoulou, Konstantina; Kypraios, George; Kalofoutis, Anastasios; Perrea, Despina N

    2014-08-01

    Physical exercise is considered protective against oxidative stress-related disorders. However, there is increasing evidence that strenuous activity may induce increased oxidative stress response. This study investigated the impact of vigorous physical activity on serum oxidative stress markers in 36 soccer and 12 basketball National League adolescent athletes 40 minutes before and 15 minutes after a National League game. Serum total peroxide, fibrinogen, polymorphonuclear (PMN) elastase, and myeloperoxidase levels were determined. No significant differences in any of the measured parameters were observed before the match. Soccer players exhibited significantly lower total peroxide (P basketball athletes after the game. A number of important differences between these 2 sports, such as duration or total aerobic and anaerobic demands, may affect oxidative status. These parameters need to be further examined in order to elucidate the different effects of these 2 sports on postexercise oxidative status.

  12. Examining choking in basketball: effects of game outcome and situational variables during last 5 minutes and overtimes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez, Miguel Ángel; Lorenzo, Alberto; Jiménez, Sergio; Navarro, Rafael M; Sampaio, Jaime

    2015-02-01

    This study examined choking in basketball by identifying the effects of game outcome and situational variables during the last 5 min. and overtimes of close games. The sample consisted of two 5 min. segments (last 5 min. of the game, n = 147, of which 97 did not go into overtime; 5 min. of overtime, n = 50) drawn from 147 games from the Spanish Professional Basketball League (2007 to 2011). The following game-related statistics were gathered: 3- and 2-point field goals and free-throws (both successful and unsuccessful), offensive and defensive rebounds, assists, recovered balls, turnovers, blocks (both made and received), and fouls committed and received. The results suggested the need to account for the temporal structure and multi-skilled nature of the task when devising appropriate interventions.

  13. Motor learning strategies in basketball players and its implications for ACL injury prevention: a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Adding external focus of attention (EF, focus on the movement effect) may optimize current anterior cruci- ate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programmes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of an EF, by a visual stimulus and an internal focus, by a verbal stimulus during unexpected sidestep cutting in female and male athletes and how these effects remained over time. Methods Ninety experienced basketball athletes per- formed sidestep cutting manoeuvres in...

  14. Acute effects of static stretching of upper arm and forearm on the accuracy of free throws in basketball

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Vučković; Aleksandar Gadžić

    2016-01-01

    Background: Free throws are a very important element in modern basketball. There are many studies focused on different aspects ranging from variability in the mechanics of throwing at various skill levels to the influence of free throws on the results of games. Objective: Since the authors of the present study noticed that some players during a game apply static stretching of shooting arm as a preparation to perform the free throw, we wanted to question the justification of such procedure pri...

  15. Avulsion fracture of the extensor carpi radialis longus carpal insertion due to a basketball injury: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, N; Zbili, D; Bellity, J; Doursounian, L; Mauprivez, R

    2014-12-01

    Articular fractures of the base of the 2nd metacarpal involving the extensor carpi radialis longus insertion are unusual and poorly understood. There is no consensus as to how these fractures should be treated. We report the case of a 2nd metacarpal base fracture in a professional basketball player that was treated surgically with open reduction and internal fixation using cannulated screws. The management of this case is compared to similar cases in the literature.

  16. 浅探篮球运动员力量训练%Strength Training for Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰雷

    2015-01-01

    This article uses the literature method, to do the study of attention points in basketball athlete strength training, the power natural growth characteristics of children and the young, the training methods of developing each strength, the strength training arrangement and the intermittent, the maintenance of system strength training and so on, carries on the deep researches, in order to promote basketball sport scientific training, promote basketball development.%文章运用文献资料研究方法,对篮球运动员力量训练的注意事项、儿童少年时期力量自然增长的特点、发展各种力量的训练方法、力量训练的安排与间歇、保持系统的力量训练等进行了深入研究,以推动篮球运动的科学化训练,促进篮球运动的发展。

  17. Acute Effects of Two Different Resistance Circuit Training Protocols on Performance and Perceived Exertion in Semiprofessional Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Tomás T; Calleja-González, Julio; Alarcón, Francisco; Alcaraz, Pedro E

    2016-02-01

    This study aimed to investigate the acute effects of two different resistance circuit training protocols on basketball players' physical and technical performance and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). In a repeated-measures, crossover experimental design, 9 semiprofessional basketball players performed a Power Circuit Training (PCT; 45% 1RM) and a High-Resistance Circuit Training (HRC; 6RM), on consecutive weeks. Vertical and horizontal jump performance, 3-points shooting accuracy, repeated-sprint ability (RSA), agility, and upper body power output were measured before and after training. The RPE was assessed 20 minutes after resistance training. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance showed performance decrements in vertical jump height and peak power, horizontal jump distance, 3-points percentage, bench-press power output, RSA total and ideal time, and agility T-Test at total time following HRC, but not PCT (p ≤ 0.05). The RPE was higher in HRC compared with PCT. The results of this study indicated that HRC was perceived as being harder and produced higher fatigue levels, which in turn lowered acute performance. However, low-to-moderate intensity loads did not negatively affect performance. Thus, completing a PCT session may be the most appropriate option before a practice or game as it avoids acute-resistance-training-induced performance decrements. However, if the objective of the basketball session is to develop or perfect technical skills during fatiguing conditions, HRC may be the more suitable option.

  18. Effects of sports massage and intermittent cold-water immersion on recovery from matches by basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delextrat, Anne; Calleja-González, Julio; Hippocrate, Audrey; Clarke, Neil David

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intermittent cold-water immersion and massage on perceptual and performance markers of recovery by basketball players after competitive matches. Eight men (age 23 ± 3 years; stature 190.5 ± 8.9 cm; body mass 90.3 ± 9.6 kg; body fat 12.8 ± 4.8%) and eight women (age 22 ± 2 years; stature 179.0 ± 8.5 cm; body mass 77.6 ± 9.2 kg; body fat 22.5 ± 6.6%) basketball players participated. Massage, cold-water immersion or control were applied immediately after competitive matches, followed by assessments of perceptual measures of recovery and physical performance, countermovement jump and repeated-sprint ability 24 h after intervention. There was lower perception of fatigue overall and in the legs immediately after the massage and cold-water immersion condition (P recovery interventions on repeated-sprint measures (P at best 0.067, η²(P) at best 0.68). The results suggest that both massage and cold-water immersion improve perceptual measures of recovery. Furthermore, cold-water immersion improves jump performance although neither such immersion nor massage had an effect on repeated-sprint ability. This suggests that, overall, cold-water immersion is more useful than massage in the recovery from basketball matches, especially in women.

  19. Workability’s recreation methodic with application of cupping massage and autogenic training of women student teams’ basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Zh.L.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to experimentally subsituate effectiveness of non traditional complex methodic of recreation in female basketball players’ training process. Material: 22 basketball players of women student’s team participated in the research. Pedagogic testing was conducted by 12 tests in special physical and technical fitness. Psycho-physiological testing was conducted by program PSYCHO-DIAGNOSTIC. Groups were trained by identical programs during 9 weeks. Results: we authors observed increased physical and technical fitness of basketball players. Besides, quantity of mistakes in response to visual irritator reduced. It indirectly witnesses about strengthening of nervous processes. There was registered influence of mind on quality of organism’s recreation after physical loads. Conclusions: the authors recommend methodic of cupping massage, combined with autogenic training. Autogenic training implies repeated pronouncing by instructor (or independently by sportswomen of text, describing coming turn by turn natural images. Peculiarities of massage were influence of massage passes on muscles and ligaments. Cupping massage was used after warming up classic massage techniques.

  20. A prospective study of injuries in basketball: a total profile and comparison by gender and standard of competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, G D; Goldie, P A; Payne, W R; Oakes, B W; Watson, L F

    2001-06-01

    The study aimed to determine prospectively a basketball injury profile, including severity of injury, and to compare the injury profile by gender and standard of competition. Trained observers viewed basketball games, noting the occurrence of injuries, and confirmed injuries by questioning all players on site after the game. Injured players completed a questionnaire and the progress of their injury was monitored by telephone interview. A total of 10,393 basketball participations were observed. An overall injury rate was documented of 18.3 per 1,000 participations (24.7 per 1,000 playing hours), and was comparable by gender and standard of competition. Serious injuries (missing one or more weeks of play) occurred at a rate of 2.89/1,000 participations; with the ankle joint the most common serious injury (1.25/1,000 participations), followed by the calf/anterior leg (0.48/1,000 participations) and knee joint (0.29/1,000 participations). The severity of the injury was significantly associated with the body region injured, with more serious injuries incurred to the lower limb than other body regions (p games played per week, amount of training undertaken, type of injury, or the mechanism of injury (p> .05).

  1. The preparatory state of ground reaction forces in defending against a dribbler in a basketball 1-on-1 dribble subphase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Keisuke; Yoshioka, Shinsuke; Isaka, Tadao; Kouzaki, Motoki

    2015-03-01

    We previously demonstrated the relationship between sidestepping performance and the preparatory state of ground reaction forces (GRFs). The present study investigated the effect of the preparatory state of GRFs on defensive performance in 1-on-1 subphase of basketball. Ten basketball players participated in 1-on-1 dribble game of basketball. The outcomes (penetrating and guarding) and the preparatory state of GRFs (non-weighted and weighted states, i.e. vertical GRFs below and above 120% of body weight, respectively) were assessed by separating the phases. In the non-weighted state and the weighted state to determine the outcome, the probability of successful guarding was 78.8% and 29.6%, respectively. The non-weighted state prevented delay of the defensive step in the determination phase. Both the non-weighted and weighted states, immediately before the determination phase, were likely to change to the weighted state in the determination phase; during this time, the defender's preparatory state would be destabilised, presumably by the dribbler's movement. These results revealed that the preparatory GRFs before the defensive step help to explain the outcome of the 1-on-1 subphase, and suggest a better way to prevent delaying initiation of the defensive step and thereby to guard more effectively against a dribbler.

  2. Role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    te Wierike, Sanne Cornelia Maria; Elferink-Gemser, Marije Titia; Tromp, Eveline Jenny Yvonne; Vaeyens, Roel; Visscher, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth male basketball. Forty-three talented Dutch players (14.66 ± 1.09 years) participated in this study. Maturity timing (age at peak height velocity), anthropometric, physiological, and technical characteristics were measured. Maturity timing and height of the basketball players were compared with a matched Dutch population. One-sample t-tests showed that basketball players were taller and experienced their peak height velocity at an earlier age compared to their peers, which indicates the relation between maturity timing and selection procedures. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed that guards experienced their peak height velocity at a later age compared to forwards and centres (P < .01). In addition, positional differences were found for height, sitting height, leg length, body mass, lean body mass, sprint, lower body explosive strength, and dribble (P < .05). Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) (age and age at peak height velocity as covariate) showed only a significant difference regarding the technical characteristic dribbling (P < .05). Coaches and trainers should be aware of the inter-individual differences between boys related to their maturity timing. Since technical characteristics appeared to be least influenced by maturity timing, it is recommended to focus more on technical characteristics rather than anthropometric and physiological characteristics.

  3. 论校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设的积极影响%On a Positive Impact on The Construction of Campus Culture of College Basketball Basketball Team Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云峰

    2015-01-01

    Basketball culture in sports culture occupys an important role,carrying the sports culture and spiritual civilization, has an important significance to the development of college sports.Construction of campus culture has an important value of col-lege basketball basketball team building,team building is to support the basketball important spiritual support.Therefore,for the purposes of colleges and universities,should focus on the construction of the campus basketball culture,a clear understand-ing of the status and role of the basketball culture construction,paper,construction of campus culture positive impact on college basketball basketball team building to analyze and explore.%篮球文化在体育文化中占据着重要的角色,承载着体育文化和精神文明,对高校体育的发展的具有重要意义。校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设具有重要价值,是支撑篮球运动队建设的重要精神支撑。因此,对于高校而言,应注重对校园篮球文化的建设工作,明确了解篮球文化建设的地位和作用,本文就校园篮球文化建设对高校篮球运动队建设的积极影响进行了分析与探究。

  4. Analysis on the Problems of the Chinese Women's Basketball Team Preparing for the Asian Basketball Championship of 2011 ——Review and Reflection on the Games of Chinese, Japanese and South Korean Women's Basketball Team in 2010%中国女篮备战2011年亚锦赛的问题研究——对2010年中、日、韩女篮赛事的回顾与反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周智星; 郑尚武; 周勇

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the data of the Chinese,Japanese and South Korean women's basketball games in the 16th Asian Basketball Championship and the 16th Asian Games,the tactical advantages of the Japanese and South Korean women's basketball teams along with their shortcomings are pointed out,and some related suggestions for the Chinese women's basketball team preparing for the Asian Women's Basketball Championship of 2011 are proposed.%通过对第16届女篮世锦赛和第16届亚运会中、日、韩女篮的相关比赛数据进行分析,找出日、韩女篮的技战术优势与存在的问题,为中国女篮备战2011年8月女篮亚锦赛的中国女篮提出一些具有针对性的建议.

  5. The research and application of "consciousness training method" in college basketball teaching and training%试析高校篮球教学与训练中"意识训练法"的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟轩

    2015-01-01

    篮球比赛的胜利,60%靠思维,40%靠体力.这种思维就主要体现为篮球意识.现代高校篮球教学与训练中,都非常注重于学生篮球意识的锻炼与培养,通过篮球意识训练法,使学生的篮球意识与身体机能、技战术水平得到同步的提高与发展.本文结合实际教学经验,从篮球意识训练法的内涵出发,并着重就意识训练法在高校篮球教学与训练中的具体应用进行了研究与探索.%The basketball game victory, 60% by thinking, 40% by manual. This thought is mainly embodied in basketball consciousness. Modern college basketball teaching and training, are very pay attention to exercise and training of the student basketball consciousness, through the basketball consciousness training method, make the students' basketball consciousness and body function, synchronization technology and tactics level of growth and development. In this paper, combined with the practical teaching experience, starting from the connotation of basketball consciousness training method, consciousness training method is studied in college basketball teaching and training of the specific application.

  6. Acute effects of static stretching of upper arm and forearm on the accuracy of free throws in basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Vučković

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Free throws are a very important element in modern basketball. There are many studies focused on different aspects ranging from variability in the mechanics of throwing at various skill levels to the influence of free throws on the results of games. Objective: Since the authors of the present study noticed that some players during a game apply static stretching of shooting arm as a preparation to perform the free throw, we wanted to question the justification of such procedure prior to the performance of free throws. The purpose of this study was to determine an effect of submaximal 15 seconds static stretching of the upper arm (m. triceps brachii and forearm (m. flexor carpi radialis on the accuracy of free throws in basketball. Methods: Participants of the present study were 100 basketball players; mean age was 18.2 ± 2.54 years. The sample was divided into two groups - players with higher (n = 70; 6.83 ± 1.83 hours/week and lower number (n = 30; 4.17 ± 0.48 hours/week of training sessions per week. Furthermore, we compared separately experienced (n = 47; 12.2 ± 0.55 years and less experienced basketball players (n = 53; 6.4 ± 0.45 years. The procedure purported that every player performs five free throws without prior stretching, five free throws immediately after 15 seconds of static stretching of upper arm muscle (m. triceps brachii, and five free throws after 15 seconds of static stretching of the forearm (m. flexor carpi radialis. Results: Fifteen seconds of static stretching of the upper arm and forearm muscles had a negative influence on the accuracy of free throw shooting in basketball. Players with a higher number of training sessions per week showed better tolerance to this negative influence. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that is not useful to apply static stretching of the triceps brachii and flexor carpi radialis muscles just before the execution of free

  7. Survey and Research on Primary School Basketball Player Selection%小学篮球运动员的选材现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏宇; 陈广; 任冰洁

    2012-01-01

    小学的篮球选材与培育旨在为我国的篮球后备军增添力量,少年儿童的年龄与身体特征,无法预测其运动发展。本文通过文献法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等,针对北京市五所小学进行实地调查,对小学篮球运动员的选材进行分析和总结,并针对所出现的问题进行了浅析和建议。旨在促进小学篮球运动员的选材科学系统化,促进小学竞技篮球项目的基础性发展。%The primary school basketball selection and cultivation aimed at China's basketball reserve army that add strength to the children's age and physical characteristics,can not predict the development of sports.Literature,questionnaire survey,mathematical statistical method for the five primary schools in Beijing to conduct field investigations,analyze and summarize the selection of the elementary school basketball players and the Analysis and recommendations for the problems.Designed to promote the selection of scientific systematization of elementary school basketball players to promote the development of the primary competitive basketball project.

  8. The effect of recovery strategies on physical performance and cumulative fatigue in competitive basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Paul G; Pyne, David B; Hopkins, Will G; Dorman, Jason C; Cook, Katherine; Minahan, Clare L

    2008-09-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of recovery strategies on physical performance during a 3-day tournament style basketball competition, 29 male players (mean age 19.1 years, s= 2.1; height 1.84 m, s= 0.34; body mass 88.5 kg, s= 14.7) were assigned to one of three treatment groups: carbohydrate+stretching (7.7 g kg(-1) day(-1), s= 1.7; 'n = 9), cold water immersion (11 degrees C, 5 x 1; n = 10) or full leg compression garments (18 mmHg, approximately 18 h; n = 10). Effects of the recovery strategies on pre-post tournament performance tests were expressed as the mean change (% +/- standard deviation of the change score). Changes and differences were standardized for accumulated game time, assessed against the smallest worthwhile change for each test, and reported qualitatively. Accumulated fatigue was evident over the tournament with small to moderate impairments in performance tests. Sprint and agility performance decreased by 0.7% (s = 1.3) and 2.0% (s = 1.9) respectively. Vertical jump decreased substantially after the first day for all treatments, and remained suppressed post-tournament. Cold water immersion was substantially better in maintaining 20-m acceleration with only a 0.5% (s = 1.4) reduction in 20-m time after 3 days compared with a 3.2% (s = 1.6) reduction for compression. Cold water immersion (-1.4%, s = 1.7) and compression (-1.5%, s = 1.7) showed similar substantial benefits in maintaining line-drill performance over the tournament, whereas carbohydrate+stretching elicited a 0.4% (s =1.8) reduction. Sit-and-reach flexibility decreased for all groups, although cold water immersion resulted in the smallest reduction in flexibility. Basketball tournament play elicited small to moderate impairments in physical test performance. In conclusion, cold water immersion appears to promote better restoration of physical performance measures than carbohydrate + stretching routines and compression garments.

  9. Control and analysis of dynamics of technical and tactical actions in defence during the game in basketball players of superleague team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Mitova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the dynamics of technical and tactical actions in defense during the match in basketball major league team. Material and Methods: the methods were applied to analyze and summarize the literature, analysis of statistical reports, teacher observation of competitive activity, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: by monitoring and analyzed dynamics of technical and tactical actions in the defense during a game of basketball at the major league team. Conclusions: basketball players show the highest indicators in the third quarter and at the end of the match – in the fourth quarter there is a gradual decrease in indicators such as: the rebounds, block shots, fouls and steels, and the increase – missing the shots, ball loss.

  10. 中国轮椅篮球运动发展状况的研究%Development situation of Chinese wheelchair basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时传霞

    2011-01-01

    本文采用文献资料、问卷调查、专家访谈和数理统计等方法,对我国轮椅篮球运动的发展状况进行了调查研究。结果表明,中国轮椅篮球运动隶属中国残疾人体育协会,轮椅篮球队伍比较稳定,运动员年龄跨度较大,以中度残疾者为主,训练年限普遍较短,教练员多属兼职且年龄较大,篮球执教经历丰富,但对轮椅篮球规律认识不深。目前我国轮椅篮球训练条件较差,参加比赛均采用赛前集训形式,且比赛机会较少。%This paper has investigated the development situation of Chinese wheelchair basketball with the methods of documentation, questionnaire survey, expert interviews and statistical analysis. The results show that the Chinese wheelchair basketball is a fairly stable team under the management of National Paralympic Committee of China. The players are mainly moderately disabled with shorter training period and their ages are significantly different. Most of the coaches are part -timers with much coaching experience on basketball but little cognition on the law of wheelchair basketball. At present, the training condition of Chinese wheelchair basketball is poor, and the mainly training method is pre - game assembled intensive training. Besides, there is less opportunity for wheelchair basketball games.

  11. Differences in strength and conditioning coach self-perception of leadership style behaviors at the National Basketball Association, Division I-A, and Division II levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnusen, Marshall J

    2010-06-01

    Leader behaviors have been found to vary by competitive level (6,9,11,26). Similar differences based on the competitive environment have been reported with strength coaches and their training emphases (15,28) but not their leadership style behaviors. This latter area is important to explore because strength coach leader behaviors may result in enhanced cooperation, improved communication, and improved athlete psychological and emotional well-being (14,23,25,27). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the differences in self-perceived leadership styles of National Basketball Association, Division I-A (DI-A) men's basketball, and Division II (DII) men's basketball strength and conditioning coaches. The self-perceived leadership styles of 145 men's basketball strength coaches (National Basketball Association [NBA]=22, DI-A=92, and DII=31) were obtained using the Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (26,41). Frequency data about demographics and training methods were also collected. No significant differences were reported for positive feedback. Otherwise, NBA strength coaches reported more democratic leadership style behaviors than DI-A strength coaches. Division I-A strength coaches were found to be more autocratic than NBA or DII strength coaches. Both NBA and DI-A strength coaches indicated a higher level of training and instruction than did DII strength coaches. National Basketball Association strength coaches also reported engaging in more situational and socially supportive leader behaviors than DI-A and DII strength coaches. Leader behaviors can positively and negatively impact an athlete (23); thus, strength coaches need to evaluate their competitive environment and reflect on the impact of their behaviors and how their approach to leading athletes may need to vary based on the situation.

  12. Effects of Modified Multistage Field Test on Performance and Physiological Responses in Wheelchair Basketball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Weissland

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A bioenergetical analysis of manoeuvrability and agility performance for wheelchair players is inexistent. It was aimed at comparing the physiological responses and performance obtained from the octagon multistage field test (MFT and the modified condition in “8 form” (MFT-8. Sixteen trained wheelchair basketball players performed both tests in randomized condition. The levels performed (end-test score, peak values of oxygen uptake (VO2peak, minute ventilation (VEpeak, heart rate (HRpeak, peak and relative blood lactate (Δ[Lact−] = peak – rest values, and the perceived rating exertion (RPE were measured. MFT-8 induced higher VO2peak and VEpeak values compared to MFT (VO2peak: 2.5 ± 0.6 versus 2.3 ± 0.6 L·min−1 and VEpeak: 96.3 ± 29.1 versus 86.6 ± 23.4 L·min−1; P<0.05 with no difference in other parameters. Significant relations between VEpeak and end-test score were correlated for both field tests (P<0.05. At exhaustion, MFT attained incompletely VO2peak and VEpeak. Among experienced wheelchair players, MFT-8 had no effect on test performance but generates higher physiological responses than MFT. It could be explained by demands of wheelchair skills occurring in 8 form during the modified condition.

  13. Motivational Regulations and Goal Orientation in Division III Basketball Players: Gender and Playing Status Differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teri J. Hepler

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in motivational regulations and goal orientation based on gender and playing status.  Method:  Two hundred and fourteen Division III basketball players (92 males, 112 females completed the Sport Motivation Scale-28 and the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport.  Based on average playing time per game, participants were classified as starters (over 20 minutes, n = 80, substitutes (6-20 minutes, n = 65, and benchwarmers (5 minutes or less, n = 63.  Results: Results indicated that males scored higher than females on external regulation, substitutes scored higher than starters on all 3 dimensions of extrinsic motivation, and benchwarmers expressed the most amotivation.  Task orientation was positively related to all types of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Conclusion: While coaches should strive to enhance the intrinsic motivation in all of their athletes, special emphasis should be placed on promoting intrinsic motivation of male athletes and substitutes.   Keywords:  motives, playing time, sex differences

  14. Analysis of self-determined motivation in basketball players through goal orientations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-López, Manuel; Granero-Gallegos, Antonio; Abraldes, J Arturo; Rodríguez-Suárez, Nuria

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was twofold. Firstly to examine the relations between the different constructs that defines Nicholls' Achievement Goal Theory and Deci and Ryan's self-determination theory. Secondly to analyse the differences that exist between them with respect to the socio-demographic variables gender and age. A sample of 292 federated basketball players from the Region of Murcia (Spain) with ages between 14 and 18 years old was used. In addition, Castilian versions of The Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ) and the Sports Motivational Scale (SMS) were administered. Three statistical analyses were employed, a descriptive analysis, a correlation analysis and a regression analysis. The results showed a positive relation between ego orientation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation. The motivational relations between both theories and the differences with respect to gender and age are discussed. We have found out that mainly gender and also age differences are strong predictors of ego orientation, extrinsic motivation of external regulation and amotivation. We can also confirm that extrinsic motivation of external regulation positively predicts ego orientation and a decrease of task orientation. The results ratify the use of the Spanish version of the SMS to measure different types of motivation within the sports context.

  15. Monitoring of immunological parameters in adolescent basketball athletes during and after a sports season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunelli, Diego Trevisan; Rodrigues, Ariel; Lopes, Wendell Arthur; Gáspari, Arthur Fernandes; Bonganha, Valéria; Montagner, Paulo César; Borin, João Paulo; Cavaglieri, Cláudia Regina

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to monitor the immunological and hormonal responses and the occurrence of upper respiratory symptoms in adolescent basketball athletes during the different stages of a sports season. Anthropometric measures, biochemical analyses (interleukin-6, interleukin-10, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, C-reactive protein, testosterone and cortisol), neuromuscular evaluations (standing vertical jumping ability, agility and estimated VO2max) and leukocyte counts were performed at four moments: 72 h before the season (-72 h); before the season (Pre-season); after six weeks, at the end of the preparatory period (Preparatory); and after 20 weeks, at the end of the competitive period (Competitive). Also, the occurrence of upper respiratory symptoms was collected weekly during all stages of the season. There were significant increases in monocytes, cortisol, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and C-reactive protein at the Competitive moment as compared to the Pre-season. In addition, interleukin-10 decreased at the Competitive moment as compared to the Pre-season. Occurrence of upper respiratory symptoms demonstrated increases (38%) during the competitive period as compared to the preparatory. These results suggest that periods of training and competition could increase the occurrence of upper respiratory symptoms in adolescent athletes and this may be due to the unwanted effects of an inflammatory process in response to the excessive stress of training and competition.

  16. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF SELF-EFFICACY, PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, AND PARTICIPATION IN YOUTH BASKETBALL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Ortega

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzed the relationship between the level of self-efficacy of the player with the ball in basketball, various performance indicators, and individual participation of the youth player in competition, with the goal of being able to establish initial values that help to define game styles and systems that are adapted to the characteristics of the youth player. In order to evaluate the levels of self-efficacy, a questionnaire was administered to 187 players from the under-16 age category. From a total of 22 games, the following variables related to the individual performance of the player were analyzed: a points scored; b shot attempts and shots made of 1, 2, and 3 points; c efficacy percentage of 1, 2, and 3-point shots; d rebounds made; and e personal fouls received. With regard to participation, the following variables were analyzed: f minutes played; g total time of ball possession; h number of ball possessions; i number of passes received; and j number of offensive phases in which the player participates. The results indicate that the performance and participation variables correctly classify 74.2% when differentiating between players with high and low levels of selfefficacy. The players with high levels of self-efficacy presented higher values in the different performance and participation variables than the players with low levels of self-efficacy.

  17. Effects of cyclic static stretch on fatigue recovery of triceps surae in female basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghasemi, M; Bagheri, H; Olyaei, G; Talebian, S; Shadmehr, A; Jalaei, S; Kalantari, K K

    2013-06-01

    Static stretch is a safe and feasible method which usually is used before exercise to avoid muscle injury and to improve muscle performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cyclic static stretch (CSS) on fatigue recovery of triceps surae (TS) in female basketball players. Nine athlete volunteers between 20 and 30 years participated in this study containing two sessions. After warm-up a pressure cuff was fastened above the knee joint and its pressure was increased to 140 mmHg. The subjects were asked to perform one maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) followed by a fatigue test including maximum isometric fatiguing contraction of TS. These steps were similar in both sessions. Then, a two-minute rest was included in the first session while 4 static stretches were performed to TS in the second session. After interventions, one MVC was done and the pressure cuff was released. During these steps, peak torque (PT) and electromyography (EMG) were recorded. The amount of lower leg pain was determined by the visual analogue scale (VAS). The value of PT increased significantly after CSS but its increase was not significant after rest. It seems that the effects of rest and CSS on the EMG parameters, PT and pain are similar.

  18. Pilot study of female high school basketball players' anterior cruciate ligament injury knowledge, attitudes, and practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iversen, M D; Friden, C

    2009-08-01

    An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention program was evaluated. One hundred and thirteen female high school varsity and junior varsity basketball players and 12 coaches participated in an 8-week educational and skills program. Demographic and injury history data were collected. At pre-intervention and at the end of season, knowledge, attitudes, and practices about ACL risk and injury prevention were assessed via questionnaires, and frequency of two-footed landings were videotaped during games. Univariate statistics described the sample. Paired t-tests evaluated the program's impact. Cronbach's alpha, correlations, and kappa statistics assessed the validity and reliability of questionnaires and video analysis. Of the 113 players, 74 completed the study. The players' mean age was 16.25 years (SD=1.07; range=14.2-18.8). Baseline knowledge score was 57.2%, practice 58.4%, and attitude 73.5%. The mean baseline knowledge score of the 12 coaches (mean age=40.8 years; SD=10.3; range=26.9-56.3) was 68.7%. Players' knowledge about ACL injury prevention improved (t=2.57; Pinjury prevention were found (t(diff)=1.88; PACL injury risk and improved player's landing skills.

  19. Knee joint laxity and neuromuscular characteristics of male and female soccer and basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozzi, S L; Lephart, S M; Gear, W S; Fu, F H

    1999-01-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament injuries are occurring at a higher rate in female athletes compared with their male counterparts. Research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament injury has increasingly focused on the role of joint proprioception and muscle activity in promoting knee joint stability. We measured knee joint laxity, joint kinesthesia, lower extremity balance, the amount of time required to generate peak torque of the knee flexor and extensor musculature, and electromyographically assessed muscle activity in 34 healthy, collegiate-level athletes (average age, 19.6 +/- 1.5 years) who played soccer or basketball or both. Independent t-tests were used to determine significant sex differences. Results revealed that women inherently possess significantly greater knee joint laxity values, demonstrate a significantly longer time to detect the knee joint motion moving into extension, possess significantly superior single-legged balance ability, and produce significantly greater electromyographic peak amplitude and area of the lateral hamstring muscle subsequent to landing a jump. The excessive joint laxity of women appears to contribute to diminished joint proprioception, rendering the knee less sensitive to potentially damaging forces and possibly at risk for injury. Unable to rely on ligamentous structures, healthy female athletes appear to have adopted compensatory mechanisms of increased hamstring activity to achieve functional joint stabilization.

  20. Performance profile of NCAA Division I men's basketball games and training sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conte, D; Tessitore, A; Smiley, K; Thomas, C; Favero, T G

    2016-06-01

    This study aimed to analyse live and stoppage time phases, their ratio, and action played on half and full court in college basketball games. Differences were assessed for the entire games and between halves. Moreover, differences of the live/stoppage time ratio were analysed between games and game-based conditioning drills. Ten games as well as fifteen defensive, fourteen offensive and six scrimmage-type drills of the same division I men's college team (13 players) were analysed using time-motion analysis technique. Live and stoppage time were classified in five classes of duration: 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80, >80 seconds. Half court actions started and finished in the same half court. Full court actions were classified as transfer (TR) phases when at least 3 teammates crossed the mid-court line. TR phases were then classified in 5 classes of frequency: 1TR, 2TR, 3TR, 4TR, and >4TR. The results revealed no statistically significant differences between games or between halves for the considered parameters. The only significant difference was observed for live/stoppage time ratio between halves (pgames and game-based drills (pgames, and defensive and offensive drills (pgames in the analysed parameters might be important to characterize the model of performance in division I men's college games. Furthermore, these results encourage coaches to use game-based conditioning drills to replicate the LT/ST ratio documented during games.

  1. EFFECT OF A TRAINING PROGRAM ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS' DECISION MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Alarc\\u00F3n

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyse whether a tactical training program based on a constructivist model can improve decision making related to keeping control of the ball for a men's senior basketball team composed of ten players. The dependent variables were: player distribution around the ball, and achieving support on both sides of the ball at an effective passing distance. Data collection was made through observational analysis utilizing a previously validated tool. A pretest-posttest design without a control group was used. Results demonstrated an improvement in decision making after the posttest for both the number of support players near the player with the ball, as it increased from 85% in the pretest to 100% in the posttest, and the number of collective or team actions around the player with the ball (from 5% to 76.5% with highly significant differences. The primary conclusion is that a training program for teaching team tactics based on a constructivist model has a positive influence on players' capability to facilitate the pass to their teammates.

  2. The effects of self-controlled video feedback on the learning of the basketball set shot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Adam Aiken

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Allowing learners to control some aspect of instructional support (e.g., augmented feedback appears to facilitate motor skill acquisition. No studies, however, have examined self-controlled (SC video feedback without the provision of additional attentional cueing. The purpose of this study was to extend previous SC research using video feedback about movement form for the basketball set shot without explicitly directing attention to specific aspects of the movement. The SC group requested video feedback of their performance following any trial during the acquisition phase. The yoked (YK group received feedback according to a schedule created by a SC counterpart. During acquisition participants were also allowed to view written instructional cues at any time. Results revealed that the SC group had significantly higher form scores during the transfer phase and utilized the instructional cues more frequently during acquisition. Post-training questionnaire responses indicated no preference for requesting or receiving feedback following good trials as reported by Chiviacowsky and Wulf (2002, 2005. The nature of the task was such that participants could have assigned both positive and negative evaluations to different aspects of the movement during the same trial. Thus, the lack of preferences along with the similarity in scores for feedback and no-feedback trials may simply have reflected this complexity. Importantly, however, the results indicated that SC video feedback conferred a learning benefit without the provision of explicit additional attentional cueing.

  3. A model for competitiveness level analysis in sports competitions: Application to basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Saá Guerra, Y.; Martín González, J. M.; Sarmiento Montesdeoca, S.; Rodríguez Ruiz, D.; García-Rodríguez, A.; García-Manso, J. M.

    2012-05-01

    The degree of overall competitiveness of a sport league is a complex phenomenon. It is difficult to assess and quantify all elements that yield the final standing. In this paper, we analyze the general behavior of the result matrices of each season and we use the corresponding results as a probably density. Thus, the results of previous seasons are a way to investigate the probability that each team has to reach a certain number of victories. We developed a model based on Shannon entropy using two extreme competitive structures (a hierarchical structure and a random structure), and applied this model to investigate the competitiveness of two of the best professional basketball leagues: the NBA (USA) and the ACB (Spain). Both leagues’ entropy levels are high (NBA mean 0.983; ACB mean 0.980), indicating high competitiveness, although the entropy of the ACB (from 0.986 to 0.972) demonstrated more seasonal variability than that of the NBA (from 0.985 to 0.990), a possible result of greater sporting gradients in the ACB. The use of this methodology has proven useful for investigating the competitiveness of sports leagues as well as their underlying variability across time.

  4. An Analysis of Physical Fitness Differences in Soccer,Handball,and Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUHong; ZHONGPu

    2002-01-01

    This study focuses on the evaluation of the differences of physical fitness among soccer players,handball players,and basktball players,and the investigation of the physical fitness structures of those players,The participants consisted of 160 elite players selected from university teams,Fourteen tests related to health and motor fitness were conducted.The results were subjected to a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to test the mean vector differences among the three groups of different sport.Nine out of the fourteen tests were of of significantly discriminating results regarding to different group,which include side step,abdominal strength,shuttle running,100m running,pull-up,1,500m running,trunk frunk flexion,grip strength and broad jump,as determined by a stepwise regression approach,MANOVA showed that there was a significant difference(P<0.001) of the mean vectors of the 9 tests among the three events,Discriminant function analysis showed that three discriminant functions were significant,whose correctness was testified by the classification analysis to be over 80.2%,it is demonstrated that elite handball players are good at agility,elite soccer players are speedy,and successful basketball players apparently possess preeeminent muscular strength and endurance.

  5. Cold-water immersion alters muscle recruitment and balance of basketball players during vertical jump landing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, Christiane de Souza Guerino; Vicente, Rafael Chagas; Cesário, Mauricio Donini; Guirro, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of cold-water immersion on the electromyographic (EMG) response of the lower limb and balance during unipodal jump landing. The evaluation comprised 40 individuals (20 basketball players and 20 non-athletes). The EMG response in the lateral gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, fibular longus, rectus femoris, hamstring and gluteus medius; amplitude and mean speed of the centre of pressure, flight time and ground reaction force (GRF) were analysed. All volunteers remained for 20 min with their ankle immersed in cold-water, and were re-evaluated immediately post and after 10, 20 and 30 min of reheating. The Shapiro-Wilk test, Friedman test and Dunn's post test (P < 0.05) were used. The EMG response values decreased for the lateral gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, fibular longus and rectus femoris of both athletes and non-athletes (P < 0.05). The comparison between the groups showed that the EMG response was lower for the athletes. Lower jump flight time and GRF, greater amplitude and mean speed of centre of pressure were predominant in the athletes. Cold-water immersion decreased the EMG activity of the lower limb, flight time and GRF and increased the amplitude and mean speed of centre of pressure.

  6. In the grade university the determinatıon of female and male basketball players nutrition knowledge and habits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Süel

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study done was to determine the nutritional knowledge and habits of male and famale basketball players, and also find out if there is difference between knowledge of nutrition and habits among male and famale basketball players. 50 famale basketball players and 62 male basketball players in total 112 subjects playing in university basketball teams were partıcıpated in this study. İt’s determined that the average age of the subjects in famales is 21 and in males it is 21.7. ıt’s also determined that the avarage height’s in famales is 168.38, in males 186.55 the average weight in famales is 57.408, in males is 79.03. The questionnalce including 40 questions were applied to subjects in university group contests. The results of the questianneire were evaluated by using the distribution of pencentages. When their knowledge of nutrition is compared, İt’s found out that famales have 25.9 % percentage, males have 36.6 % knowledge. Whether the subjest’s cares for their nutrition or not famales of 16.1 percentage (% answers that they care and 24.1 percentage (% answers this question “sometimes” on the other hand in males 27.7 percentage (% cares and 25 % answers this question with “sometimes” The result of male’s caring more careful when compared with famales about nutrition is found out. When the subjects number of meals are fixied it is found out that % 34.8 of famales eat 3 (times medis in a day in males this percentage is 44.6 (% 44.6 of males eat 3 times in a day İt’s emerged that generally both famale and male basketballers eat 3 times (meals in a day, and observed there isnt a noticable difference between. Whether the subject’s have breakfast or not it is fond out that in famales %13.4’s answer is yes % 22.3’s is “sometimes” on the other and for males these values change as % 18.8 subject’s answer is “yes” and % 28.6’s is “sometimes” It’s concluded that the male players g

  7. 浅谈中学生篮球意识及其培养的重要性%Talking about the importance of awareness and training of high school basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思维

    2014-01-01

    With China's education reform and the"new curriculum"further promote the comprehensive,basketball has become an important high school physical education curriculum,has been an important types of schools at all levels,but also high school students are like a sport,and awareness training for basketball teaching basketball to focus on.Through years of basketball teaching practice notes on the importance of high school students and high school basketball awareness problems in-depth analysis of basketball consciousness and awareness raising strategies proposed school basketball.%随着我国教育体制改革和“新课改”的全面深入推进,篮球已经成为中学体育教学的重要课程,得到了各级各类学校的重视,同时也是中学生所喜欢的一项运动,而篮球意识的培养对于篮球教学至关重要。本文就中学生篮球意识的重要性及中学生篮球意识存在的问题进行深入分析,并提出中学生篮球意识提升策略。

  8. The effects of a 6 week plyometric training programme on explosive strength and agility in professional basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Lehnert

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Explosive strength of the lower extremities and agility are important parts of game performance in basketball. Although numerous studies have focused on the assessment of the training effect of plyometric training, studies focusing on elite players are missing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to find out what changes in explosive strength of the lower extremities take place after a 6 week plyometric training applied in training units during the pre-season in elite basketball players. METHODS: Elite basketball players (N = 12, age 24.36 ± 3.9 years, height 196.2 ± 9.6 cm, weight 92.9 ± 13.9 kg performed a 6 week plyometric training (PT programme predominantly focused on explosive strength of the lower body and upper body and was conducted in sixteen training units during pre-season. The changes in explosive strength were measured by the Counter Movement Jump Free Arms test and Two Step Run Up Jump test; agility was measured using the “T” Drill test and Hexagonal Obstacle test. The players participated in three measurements. The 1st (pretesting was performed on the first day of pre-season, the 2nd (post-testing was done two days after completing the PT programme and the 3rd (post-testing six weeks after completing the PT programme. Friedman’s ANOVA for repeated measurements was used to determine the significance of differences between the measurement sessions (p < .05. RESULTS: A significant effect of the training programme was observed only for the Hexagonal Obstacle test (p = .01. A post hoc analysis revealed a significant increase in test performance between the 1st and 3rd measurement (p < .01 and between the 2nd and 3rd measurement (p < .01. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study of elite basketball players did not positively support the assumption that plyometric exercises can be an effective tool for the improvement of explosive strength and agility. However, in some players the

  9. The 2008 Olympic Games Basketball Match The Chinese Women's Basketball Team Rebounds Situation Analyses%2008年奥运会篮球比赛中国女篮篮板球情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鹭芸

    2011-01-01

    通过对2008年中国奥运会篮球中国女篮与美国和澳大利亚的比赛中前场子篮板球相关的技术指标进行统计,采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法等研究方法对中、外篮板球急夺方式和运用进行了对比研究,找出篮板球对抗技术运用与提高上所出现问题的症结所在,认为应根据由于运动员的个体差异有针对性的提高运动员的体能、技术、预判意识。%Through to the 2008 China's Olympic basketball the Chinese women's basketball team and the United States and Australia game midfield and the son of technical indexes related rebounding statistics, the literature material law, video observation and statistics methods of a rebound in the way, and use a comparative study of rebounding, and find out the use and improve against technology in the crux of the problem, that shotdd be based on the individual differences because athletes corresponding improve the athlete's physical fitness, technology, anticipation consciousness.

  10. Mechanical Determinants of Faster Change of Direction and Agility Performance in Female Basketball Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiteri, Tania; Newton, Robert U; Binetti, Molly; Hart, Nicolas H; Sheppard, Jeremy M; Nimphius, Sophia

    2015-08-01

    Change of direction (COD) and agility require the integration of multiple components to produce a faster performance. However, the mechanisms contributing to a faster performance without the confounding factor of athlete expertise or gender is currently unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess body composition, strength, and kinetic profile required for a faster COD and agility performance across multiple directional changes. Six faster and 6 slower (n = 12) elite female basketball athletes completed a maximal dynamic back squat; eccentric and concentric only back squat; isometric midthigh pull; whole-body scan to determine lean, fat, and total mass; 505 COD test; T-test; and a multidirectional agility test over in-ground force plates to obtain relevant kinetic measures. Group (faster and slower) by test (2 × 3) multivariate analyses of variance with follow-up analyses of variance were conducted to examine differences between faster and slower groups and each COD and agility test (p ≤ 0.05). Faster athletes during the 505 COD test produced significantly greater vertical force (p = 0.002) and eccentric and isometric strength capacity (p = 0.001). Faster agility and T-test athletes demonstrated significantly shorter contact times (p = 0.001), greater propulsive impulse (p = 0.02), isometric strength, and relative lean mass compared with slower athletes. Differences between faster athletes across each test seem to be attributed to the mechanical demands of the directional change, increasing force and impulse application as the degree of directional change increased. These findings indicate that different mechanical properties are required to produce a faster COD and agility performances, and the importance of a greater strength capacity to enable greater mechanical adjustment through force production and body control, during different directional changes.

  11. A Qualitative Study of the Development of Self-Advocacy and Independence through Symbolic Interaction: A Focus on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotewa, Brenda K.

    2013-01-01

    Students with physical disabilities attend college at significantly lower rates, and have a lower college graduation rates, than students without disabilities. Research addressing graduation rates of students with physical disabilities indicates that wheelchair basketball athletes graduate at significantly higher rates than students with physical…

  12. 浅谈篮球运动的发展史及变化带来的影响%Influence of history and change of basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦晓昊

    2014-01-01

    Basketball is a very popular sport, sports in many ways, such as:3V3, the first half of the game, 5V5 etc.. That basketball is a step by step how to development and evolution to so many forms today? In this paper, the origin and the main basketball development background, combined with the modern athletic sports big environment history of the development ofbasketball sports of basketball.%篮球是一项非常受大众喜爱的运动,运动的方式也多种多样,例如:半场3V3、一对一斗牛、全场5V5等等。那么篮球运动是怎样一步步的发展和衍变到今天的这么多形式呢?本文主要针对篮球运动的起源和主要发展历程为背景,结合现代竞技体育运动的大环境对篮球运动的影响浅谈篮球运动的发展史。

  13. The Direct Impact of Team Cohesiveness and Athletes' Perception of Coaching Leadership Functions on Team Success in NCAA Division I Women's Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the direct impact of team cohesiveness and student-athletes' perceptions of coaching behavior/leadership functions on the success of NCAA Division I Women's basketball, based on the teams' win/loss records. The research collection was quantitative in nature. Statistical design and analysis provided justification for the use…

  14. Evaluating the Relation between Dominant and Non-Dominant Hand Perimeters and Handgrip Strength of Basketball, Volleyball, Badminton and Handball Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Defne Öcal

    2016-01-01

    In this study, it's aimed to evaluate the relation between dominant and non-dominant hand perimeters and handgrip strength of basketball, volleyball, badminton and handball athletes. Totally 101 active athletes (49 females, 52 male), of the average age in female 20±1.42 years, in male 21±1.99 years, joined to this study. Height, body weight, BMI…

  15. Athletic Recruitment in Wisconsin Public and Non-Public High Schools: The Effect of Inter-District Open Enrollment and outside the Geographic Area on Varsity Basketball Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refsland, Randall G.

    2009-01-01

    The Wisconsin Interscholastic Athletic Association is the governing body for high school athletics in the State of Wisconsin. For some time they have been concerned with the growing perception that there is recruitment occurring in varsity basketball within its member schools. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to determine what, if any,…

  16. Analysis of Experts’ Quantitative Assessment of Adolescent Basketball Players and the Role of Anthropometric and Physiological Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Štrumbelj Erik

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigated two questions: (1 can measurements of anthropometric and physiological attributes substitute for expert assessment of adolescent basketball players, and (2 how much does the quantitative assessment of a player vary among experts? The first question is relevant to the potential simplification of the player selection process. The second question pertains directly to the validity of expert quantitative assessment. Our research was based on data from 148 U14 female and male basketball players. For each player, an array of anthropometric and physiological attributes was recorded, including body height, body mass, BMI, and several motor skill tests. Furthermore, each player's current ability and potential ability were quantitatively evaluated by two different experts from a group of seven experts. Analysis of the recorded data showed that the anthropometric and physiological attributes explained between 15% and 40% of the variance in experts’ scores. The primary predictive attributes were speed and agility (for predicting current ability and body height and growth potential (for predicting potential ability. We concluded that these attributes were not sufficiently informative to act as a substitute for expert assessment of the players’ current or potential ability. There is substantial variability in different experts' scores of the same player’s ability. However, the differences between experts are mostly in scale, and the relationships between experts’ scores are monotonic. That is, different experts rank players on ability very similarly, but their scores are not well calibrated.

  17. KNEE AND SHOULDER INJURY RISK ASSESSMENT IN SCHOOL LEVEL FEMALE BASKETBALL PLAYERS: A CROSS – SECTIONAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deebak Kumar Srinivasan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: One of the common reasons for talent not being converted in the big stage is career ending injuries. The best way out is preventing these injuries which is the easiest and most effective solution. Hence, this study was done to evaluate the injury risk among school level basketball players. Materials and Methods: Total of 107 school level female basketball players were assessed for 1. Functional Movement Screen (FMS – To assess risk of injury and functional ability. 2. VO2 max by questionnaire – to assess the maximum endurance level of the athlete. 3. Jump alignment on landing by HD slow motion video analysis - to assess risk of knee injury. 4. Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit (GIRD & Total Range Of Motion Deficit (TROMD by Goniometer to assess risk of shoulder injury. Results: In our study even though the FMS scores were good for majority of the players, the risk of shoulder injury was high TROMD (50.46% compared to GIRD (11.21%. Jump alignment results showed that majority of players landed in internal rotation (62.61%. VO2 max assessment revealed superior results for all athletes. Majority of athletes had a good (79.43% FMS score. Conclusion: To prevent performance declining or career ending injury to talented athletes, early intervention at school level is the essential. So we recommend structured stretching exercise programme including sleepers stretches for shoulders and hip abductors and external rotators strengthening along with proper landing drills for athletes from school level itself.

  18. The Influence of the 'Trier Social Stress Test' on Free Throw Performance in Basketball: An Interdisciplinary Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Mascret

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between stress and sport performance in a controlled setting. The experimental protocol used to induce stress in a basketball free throw was the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST and its control condition (Placebo-TSST. Participants (n = 19, novice basketball players but trained sportspersons, were exposed to two counterbalanced conditions in a crossover design. They were equipped with sensors to measure movement execution, while salivary cortisol and psychological state were also measured. The task consisted of two sequences of 40 free throws, one before either the TSST or Placebo-TSST and one after. Physiological and psychological measures evidenced that the TSST induced significant stress responses, whereas the Placebo-TSST did not. Shooting performance remained stable after the TSST but decreased after the Placebo-TSST. We found no effect of the TSST or Placebo-TSST on movement execution. A multivariate model of free throw performance demonstrated that timing, smoothness and explosiveness of the movements are more relevant to account for beginner's behavior than stress-related physiological and psychological states. We conclude that the TSST is a suitable protocol to induce stress responses in sport context, even though the effects on beginners' free throw performance and execution are small and complex.

  19. Serum zinc is associated with plasma leptin and Cu-Zn SOD in elite male basketball athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jiexiu; Fan, Bin; Wu, Zhaozhao; Xu, Minxiao; Luo, Yufeng

    2015-04-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between plasma trace element and plasma leptin, as well as percent fat mass, in 16 male basketball athletes. Blood samples were obtained before intensive training and 24h after intensive training to measure plasma zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), and leptin levels. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), triglyceride (TG), total and cholesterol (TC) levels were determined using commercially available kits for humans. Subjects presented similar values in terms of age (21.1±2.2 years old), body mass index (23.9±2.00kg/m(2)), percent body fat (14.40±1.52%), plasma hemoglobin (150.1±9.4g/L), plasma Zn (17.47±1.28μmol/l), plasma Cu (13.42±1.40μmol/L), plasma Ca (2.41±0.14mmol/L), and plasma Mg (0.96±0.02mmol/L). The correlation analysis between degree of plasma leptin and plasma element contents was performed using the SPSS 16.0 software. Plasma Zn correlated positively with plasma leptin (r=0.746, P0.05). In conclusion, plasma Zn may be involved in the regulation of plasma leptin and may serve as a lipid-mobilizing factor in Chinese men's basketball athletes.

  20. Detecting tactical patterns in basketball: comparison of merge self-organising maps and dynamic controlled neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempe, Matthias; Grunz, Andreas; Memmert, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The soaring amount of data, especially spatial-temporal data, recorded in recent years demands for advanced analysis methods. Neural networks derived from self-organizing maps established themselves as a useful tool to analyse static and temporal data. In this study, we applied the merge self-organising map (MSOM) to spatio-temporal data. To do so, we investigated the ability of MSOM's to analyse spatio-temporal data and compared its performance to the common dynamical controlled network (DyCoN) approach to analyse team sport position data. The position data of 10 players were recorded via the Ubisense tracking system during a basketball game. Furthermore, three different pre-selected plays were recorded for classification. Following data preparation, the different nets were trained with the data of the first half. The training success of both networks was evaluated by achieved entropy. The second half of the basketball game was presented to both nets for automatic classification. Both approaches were able to present the trained data extremely well and to detect the pre-selected plays correctly. In conclusion, MSOMs are a useful tool to analyse spatial-temporal data, especially in team sports. By their direct inclusion of different time length of tactical patterns, they open up new opportunities within team sports.

  1. Differences in Basic Non-Standard Situational Efficiency Indicators between Winning and Defeated European Senior Basketball Teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trninić, Marko; Perica, Ante; Jeličić, Mario

    2015-07-01

    The aim of the conducted research was to identify and explain the differences in basic non-standard situational efficiency indicators between winning and defeated European senior basketball teams. Discriminant analysis and Mann-Whitney U-test were used with the purpose of investigating the differences between winning and defeated teams in the domain of basic non-standard situational variables. The grouping variable distinguished 24 defeated teams from 24 winning teams participating in 2009/2010 season of Euroleague Top 16. The research clearly reveals the differences between the winning and defeated European senior basketball teams in the domain of non-standard situational variables of position and transition offense and defense. Eight situational efficiency indicators were used which include the overall number of successful and unsuccessful position and transition defenses and offenses. Based on the results obtained by parametric and non-parametric methods, it has been noticed that successful position defense is crucial for winning, and unsuccessful position offense is an indicator of defeat prediction. Therefore, practical aims in situational training must involve balanced development of relevant abilities and skills which determine successful simultaneous performance of multiple tasks in all the phases of game flow. Such process of sport preparation improves the overall actual quality of players and whole team performance. In conclusion, it is important to emphasize that the process of improving position and transition defense stimulates the development of position and transition offense, and vice versa.

  2. 浅析预防高校篮球课中运动损伤的对策%Analysis of the Countermeasures of Preventing the Sports Injuries in University Basketball Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳葳; 薛英杰

    2011-01-01

    Basketball class is enjoyed by lots of students as an important content of university physical educations,but the sports injuries in basketball classes occur frequently.To prevent the injuries,teachers have "six items" must to be done in basketball classes,which can improve classroom teaching effect and promote the development of basketball in universities.%篮球课作为高校体育教学的重要内容,深受广大学生喜爱,但学生在进行篮球运动时的运动损伤时有发生。要预防此现象的发生,教师在篮球课堂教学中要力求做到"六要",以促进课堂教学效率的提高和篮球运动在高校的顺利开展。

  3. Quality of life perception of basketball master athletes: association with physical activity level and sports injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Natália Boneti; Mazzardo, Oldemar; Vagetti, Gislaine Cristina; De Oliveira, Valdomiro; De Campos, Wagner

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to verify the prevalence and characteristics of sports injuries (SI) and determine the association between the physical activity level (PA) and SI with perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Brazilian basketball master athletes. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 410 male master athletes, between 35 and 85 years of age (mean 52.26, SD ±11.83). The HRQoL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study - Short Form-36. The PA was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Information regarding SI was collected using the Reported Morbidity Survey. Poisson regression, as estimated by the prevalence ratio (PR), was used as a measure of the association of PA and SI with HRQoL. The majority of athletes showed a high SI prevalence (58.3%) and reported one injury (67.8%) that occurred during training (61.1%) and primarily affected a lower limb (74.6%). The adjusted regression models showed a positive association of PA with the Functional Capacity (PR = 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-1.90) and Physical Component (PR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.03-1.70) of HRQoL. Furthermore, the SI were negatively associated with HRQoL in Functional Capacity (PR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.51-2.27), Physical Aspects (PR = 3.99, 95% CI = 3.08-5.18), Pain (PR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.26-2.16), Social Functioning (PR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.41-2.27), Emotional Aspects (PR = 4.40, 95% CI = 3.35-5.78), Mental Health domains (PR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.06-1.68), Physical Component (PR = 2.35, 95% CI = 1.90-2.90) and Mental Component (PR = 2.65, 95% CI = 2.14-3.29). These results highlighted that master athletes showed a high SI prevalence, primarily in the lower limbs. PA positively correlates with the physical HRQoL domain, whereas SI may decrease the HRQoL levels of both physical and mental domains.

  4. "后姚明时代"中国男篮发展对策研究——对第25届亚锦赛中国男篮攻防能力的分析%Development of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in “Post-Yao Ming Era”—— the analysis of the attacking and defending ability of Chinese Men's basketball team in the 25th Asian Man Basketball Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄迎乒

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、录像观察、数据统计、逻辑分析等方法,对第25届亚锦赛中国男篮的攻防能力进行了研究,研究结果认为:新一届中国男篮存在防守质量差、篮板球保护意识淡薄、身体对抗下投篮命中率低、后卫线队员能力不足等诸多问题.针对上述问题,提出了强化篮板球意识、提高队员身体对抗能力、重视优秀后卫队员和年轻队员的培养、加强中外高水平篮球交流以及迅速建立适合中国男篮的技战术风格体系等对策,为"后姚明时代"中国男篮的发展提供参考.%By adopting the methods of literature study, video observation, data statistics, logical analysis, this dissertation will analyze the offensive and defensive capabilities of Chinese basketball team in the 25th Asian Man Basketball Championship. Analysis show that there are many problems in the new Chinese Men’s basketball team, such as weak in defense, weak awareness of rebounds protection, weak capability in fullback line, and low field-goal percentage in body contact etc. Based upon the basis of the problems mentioned above , the dissertation has proposed some solutions to strengthen rebounds awareness,improve team member's body contact capability, pay attention to the training of excellent guards and young players, strengthen the exchange of high-class basketball games between China and abroad, and establish tactical system which is suitable for Chinese Men's basketball team, in order to provide reference for the development of Chinese Men's basketball team in “Post-Yao Ming era”.

  5. The effects of combined technics training on some physical strength and technical features that is applied to basketball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Kılınç

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Aim, it is the research about the effects of  combined technics traınıng on some physical, strength and technical features  that is applied to basketball players who are in basic  technich  development . Method, twenty-five (n:25 male volunteers  attended to this research who are the students of primary school.Two group was formed. The  first group went into combined technics training (KTA n.13, age 9.7+/-0.4 year, height 142.7+/-5.8cm, body weight 34+/-5.2 kg, the second group went into normal technics training (NTA n.12, age 10.5+/-0.5 year, height 147.7+/-0.5 cm, body weight 38.1+/-0.7 kg it is organised like this. Measurement of the physical environment, vertical jump test, right-left hand gripping strength, back strength, the basic technich tests (dribbling,changing hands from behind, reverse,  right–left  tourniquet were done. Training was programmed to be in eight weeks, five days in a week and 1.5 hour. Two  tests were applied to the children before and after the training. Descriptive statistics and t-test  were performed from the data that was obtained through the research. Findings, among the test measurment results after training  important  differences were found between combined technical training group (KTA and normal technical training group (NTA in arm, double-leg vertical jump, left-right one foot vertical jump as well as  the technical tests such as (dribbling, changing hands behind, reverse, right-left tourniquet (p<0.05. Results, in terms of  technical development in basketball, combined technical group (KTA had a very important degree of development. Basketball players have also developed the technical testing of computer-aided analysis program can be a practical field conditions can be reported.

  6. 篮球夏令营活动模式的理论研究%Theoretical Research on the Activity Mode of Basketball Summer Camp

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建哲

    2015-01-01

    本文通过实地走访与文献综述相结合的研究方法,对篮球夏令营活动模式进行归因分析,梳理出篮球夏令营的种类和特点,即按照经营性质,可分为营利性篮球夏令营和非营利性篮球夏令营;按照目的任务的不同,可分为:1)高水平后备人才篮球夏令营;2)选拔性篮球夏令营;3)普及提高和兴趣培养夏令营;4)文化交流训练营。按照活动时间组织形式的可分为:寄宿营(overnight camp)和走训营(day camp)。特点:优势资源集中配置,组织与运营的灵活性,形式与内容的多样性。%In this paper, through on-the-spot visiting research methods combined with literature review, an attribution analysis was carried out on the activity mode of basketball summer camp, and the types and characteristics of basketball summer camp were combed. According to the nature of management, basketball summer camp can be divided into for-profit and nonprofit bas-ketball camp. According to the difference of purposes and tasks, it can be divided into:1) basketball summer camp for high-level reserved talents; 2) basketball summer camp for recruitment; 3) summer camp for popularity, improvement and interest training;4) summer camp for cultural exchange. According to the time of activity and the form of organization, it can be divided into overnight camp and day camp. Features:centralized configuration of superior resources, flexibility in organization and operation, and diversity of form and content.

  7. Mouthguard BITES (behavior, impulsivity, theory evaluation study): what drives mouthguard use among high school basketball and baseball/softball athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Christy L; McKenzie, Lara B; Roberts, Kristin J; Fields, Sarah K; Comstock, R Dawn

    2015-10-01

    Although mouthguards are effective, inexpensive, easy to use, and readily available, this form of protective equipment has been underutilized. "Impulsive delay discounting" (an index of impulsive behavior) among high school athletes may help explain their decision making regarding use of protective equipment such as mouthguards. We investigated the relationship between high school baseball, softball, and basketball players' mouthguard use, impulsive delay discounting, and the precaution adoption process model (a behavior change theory). A convenience sample of boys' and girls' basketball and baseball/softball players at 21 high schools in the Greater Columbus, Ohio, metro area completed a self-administered survey that captured their demographic information, knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding mouthguard use, impulsive delay discounting, and precaution adoption process model stage. We surveyed a total of 1636 students (55.9 % male, 43.8 % female, 0.3 % unknown). Only 12.3 % reported using a mouthguard either every time or sometimes during practice or competition. The primary reasons reported for not wearing mouthguards were they were not required to (65.3 %) and that the athletes could not breathe or talk while wearing one (61.5 %). These reasons were consistent across sex and sport. Most athletes reported that their coaches (87.3 %) and parents (64.5 %) had never talked to them about wearing a mouthguard. Lower precaution adoption process model stage was significantly associated with higher impulsivity (p baseball/softball remains low despite the risk of dental injury in these sports. Effective, evidence-based, targeted, and tailored interventions to improve adolescent athletes' use of mouthguards to prevent sports-related dental injuries should be based on the specific behavioral and social factors influencing each athlete's decision making regarding use of mouthguards.

  8. Using testosterone and cortisol as biomarker for training individualization in elite basketball: a 4-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schelling, Xavi; Calleja-González, Julio; Torres-Ronda, Lorena; Terrados, Nicolás

    2015-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the responses of testosterone and cortisol, with special reference to playing positions, playing time (PT), and phase of the season. We performed a follow-up study during 4 consecutive seasons to investigate the effects of PT, positional role, and phase of the season on anabolic-catabolic biomarkers (plasma total testosterone -TT- and cortisol -C-) on 20 professional male basketball players (27.0 ± 4.2 years; 24.4 ± 1.2 kg·m). First blood samples were collected right after the off-season period and considered as baseline. Samples were taken periodically every 4-6 weeks, always after a 24- to 36-hour break after the last game played. Statistical procedures were nonparametric mainly. Hormonal status was playing position-dependent, power forward (PF) showed the lowest TT values (median ± interquartile range [IQR]; PF: 18.1 ± 4.9; nmol·L), and small forwards showed the highest ones of cortisol (0.55 ± 0.118 μmol·L). Players who played between 13 and 25 minutes per game showed the highest values of TT (22.8 ± 6.9 nmol·L) and TT/C (47.1 ± 21.2). March and April showed the most catabolic or stressed hormonal state (low TT/C values and high ones of cortisol) and that is necessary to take into account according to PT (>25-minute per game) and specific playing position. Monitoring plasma TT and cortisol is recommended to prevent excessive stress caused by professional basketball season requirements.

  9. INCIDENCIA DE LOS TIROS LIBRES EN PARTIDOS DE BALONCESTO PROFESIONAL [Incidence of free throws in professional basketball games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vicente García Tormo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es describir la incidencia que tiene el tiro libre sobre el resultado final del encuentro, además de ver que otros factores pueden influir en el porcentaje final de aciertos de tiros libres, comparando para ello las ligas profesionales nacionales con la competición europea. Para ello se han analizado un total de 59364 tiros libres efectuados en 1722 partidos correspondientes a dos temporadas de las ligas profesionales de baloncesto españolas (ACB y LFB y europeas (Euroleague y Euroleague Women. Se ha realizado un análisis descriptivo, un análisis de sincronía y un análisis de los residuos tipificados corregidos. Los resultados evidencian la importancia de los tiros libres en el resultado final, en especial en las ligas masculinas y cuando el marcador final es ajustado. Así mismo, el factor cancha como local tiene relación con una mayor eficacia en los tiros libres y en lograr la victoria.AbstractThe aim of this study is to describe the incident of the free throw on the final results of the basketball match, and see how other factors may influence the final average of successful free throws, comparing national leagues with European competition. A total of 59,364 free throws have been analyzed, corresponding to 1722 matches from two seasons of the Spanish professional basketball league (ACB and LFB and European league (Euroleague Euroleague and women. Has been made descriptive analysis, an analysis of synchrony and an analysis of the residuals corrected. The results demonstrate the importance of free throws for the final score, especially in male and when is a close match. Likewise, the home court advantage is related to higher efficiency in free throws and win the match.

  10. Importance of clinical examination in diagnostics of Osgood-Schlatter Disease in boys playing soccer or basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amela Halilbasic

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Osgood–Schlatter disease is an irritation of the patellar tendon at the tibial tubercle. Sports with jumps, running, and repeated contractions of knee extension apparatus are considered to be importantexternal risk-factors which could cause Osgood–Schlatter disease.Objectives of the study are to draw attention to the importance of clinical examination in diagnostics of Osgood–Schlatter disease in boys playing soccer or basketball.Methods: The research included data obtained from 120 boys, average age of 14 years. Examinees were split into two groups, one with young athletes which regularly have soccer or basketball trainings and thesecond one with boys who do not participating in sports. We performed anthropological measurements and clinical examinations of both knees and hips for both groups. For the statistical analysis we used pointbiserialcorrelation coefficient.Results: Based on clinical examination, Osgood–Schlatter disease was diagnosed in 51 examinees (42.5%. In “athletic group” Osgood–Schlatter disease had 31 boys or 52%, comparing with “non-athletic group” wherewe found 20 adolescents with disease (33%. Number of boys with Osgood–Schlatter disease was higher for 19% in “athletic group” comparing with “non-athletic group”. Comparing incidence rate for boys in both groups with diagnosed II and III level of Osgood–Schlatter disease we found that rate is higher in “athletic group” 2.25 times comparing with “non-athletic group”.Conclusions: Clinical examination is critical method in the process of diagnosing Osgood–Schlatter disease especially for identifying II and III level of this disease.

  11. 第28届亚洲男子篮球锦标赛中国男篮攻、防指标对比分析%Contrast Analysis on the Attacking and Preventing Index of Chinese Men’s Basketball Team in the 28th Asian Man Basketball Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王豪爽

    2016-01-01

    Through literature review,video observation,mathematical statistics and logic analysis and other methods,the Chinese men 's basketball team all of the 28th Asia championship nine games of attacking and preventing technical indexes are analyzed.This paper aims at analyzing the whole of China men's basketball team offensive and defensive ability,as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the Chinese men's basketball team in the game.For the Chinese men's basketball team's daily training as well as the progress,this paper makes a small contribution to the development in the future.%通过文献资料、录像观察、数理统计及逻辑分析等研究方法,对第28届亚洲男篮锦标赛中国男子篮球队全部九场比赛的攻、防技术指标进行对比分析,旨在综合分析中国男篮整体进攻及防守能力,以及中国男篮在比赛时的优势及不足,为中国男篮日常训练以及今后的进步与发展做出理论借鉴。

  12. Study on Modern Attack and Defense Techniques in Adolescent Woman Basketball:A Case Study of Suzhou Adolescent Woman Basketball Team%基于青少年女子篮球的现代攻防技术研究-以苏州市青少年女篮为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈寒羽

    2015-01-01

    With Suzhou Adolescent Woman Basketball Team as research subject,this paper sorts out and analyzes the statistics of 2014 National High School Woman Basketball Championship and the statistics of adolescent basketball match in the 18th National Sports Meeting held in Jiangsu Province in 2014. It elaborates on the characteristics of modern attack and defense techniques in adolescent woman basketball and puts forward suggestions to advance its development.%以苏州市青少年女篮为研究对象,基于2014年全国高中女子篮球锦标赛、2014年江苏省第十八届运动会青少年部篮球赛中的比赛数据,统计和归纳整理进行技术分析,阐述青少年女子篮球在现代攻防技术方面的特点,为推动青少年女子篮球发展提供参考建议。

  13. Academic and Workplace-related Visual Stresses Induce Detectable Deterioration Of Performance, Measured By Basketball Trajectories and Astigmatism Impacting Athletes Or Students In Military Pilot Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mc Leod, Roger D.

    2004-03-01

    Separate military establishments across the globe can confirm that a high percentage of their prospective pilots-in-training are no longer visually fit to continue the flight training portion of their programs once their academic coursework is completed. I maintain that the visual stress induced by those intensive protocols can damage the visual feedback mechanism of any healthy and dynamic system beyond its usual and ordinary ability to self-correct minor visual loss of acuity. This deficiency seems to be detectable among collegiate and university athletes by direct observation of the height of the trajectory arc of a basketball's flight. As a particular athlete becomes increasingly stressed by academic constraints requiring long periods of concentrated reading under highly static angular convergence of the eyes, along with unfavorable illumination and viewing conditions, eyesight does deteriorate. I maintain that induced astigmatism is a primary culprit because of the evidence of that basketball's trajectory! See the next papers!

  14. Research on Unfair Competition Behavior of Basketball Match%篮球竞赛中不正当竞争行为的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋

    2012-01-01

    Sports of the unfair competition behavior has affected the normal order of sports competition. Based on the theory of acts of unfair competition, this paper expounds the internal and external cause of basketball competition unfair behavior and promotes the healthy and orderly development of basketball match.%体育竞技中的不正当竞争行为,影响了正常的体育竞赛秩序。通过对不正当竞争行为的理论研究,阐述了篮球竞赛中不正当竞争行为的内因和外因。从而促进篮球赛事健康有序的发展。

  15. HUMBLE OPINIONS ON THE PRESENT JOBS OF BASKETBALL JUDGES%浅谈篮球裁判员的临场-工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明

    2000-01-01

    With the rapid development of basketball sports, the raise of judges' level can promote thedevelopment of basketball sports, besides the improvements of a player's skills and tactics. It is the clearobservation and exact judgement that make the judge's present job fair and exact.%篮球运动的快速发展,除运动员技、战术水平的提高外,裁判队伍水平的提高也同时促进了蓝球运动的发展.清楚观察与准确判断才能使篮球裁判临场工作做到公正、准确。

  16. 探讨脚步移动在篮球防守中的运用%Application on footwork in Basketball Defense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林浩; 江志英

    2015-01-01

    Footwork is an important element in defense in basketball competition and it is the basic link in defense. The basketball game on the defensive and the concept of moving are analyzed, based on which, the implication of the pace of mobile application in the game is discussed.%脚步移动是篮球比赛中防守的重要构成要素,是防守的基本环节。分析篮球比赛中防守及脚步移动的概念,在此基础上探析脚步移动在比赛中的具体运用。

  17. Research of level of formed knowledge, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of faculty of physical education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalenko J.A.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of a zero control of students of faculty of physical education are presented. The estimation of theoretical knowledge's is conducted, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of a 1 course of directions of preparation «Physical education», «Health of man» and «Sport». It is set that the level of their formed at most students of different directions of preparation is insufficient. It is certain that by reason of such position, foremost, there is insufficient preparation and playing practice of students during teaching at general school. A diary is developed on basket-ball for student general schools.

  18. Analysis on Basketball Athlete’s Core Strength Training Method%浅析篮球运动员核心力量训练方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宝刚

    2012-01-01

    在篮球项目中不同的训练位置有着不同的训练方法,通过训练可以掌控不同的身体姿势,来保持平衡,从而更有效地控制身体,最大限度地运用身体机能,达到更高的标准,完成现代化篮球的需求。%There are different training methods for different training positions in the basketball program.Through training,we can control the different body posture,keep balance,control the body more effectively,use the physical function at the most,achieve higher standards,and realize the need of modern basketball sport.

  19. Short-term lower-body plyometric training improves whole body BMC, bone metabolic markers, and physical fitness in early pubertal male basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zribi, Anis; Zouch, Mohamed; Chaari, Hamada; Bouajina, Elyes; Ben Nasr, Hela; Zaouali, Monia; Tabka, Zouhair

    2014-02-01

    The effects of a 9-week lower-body plyometric training program on bone mass, bone markers and physical fitness was examined in 51 early pubertal male basketball players divided randomly into a plyometric group (PG: 25 participants) and a control group (CG: 26 participants). Areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone mineral content (BMC), and bone area (BA) in the whole body, L2-L4 vertebrae, and in total hip, serum levels of osteocalcin (Oc) and C-terminal telopeptide fragment of Type I collagen (CTx), jump, sprint and power abilities were assessed at baseline and 9 weeks. Group comparisons were done by independent student's t-test between means and analyses of (ANOVA) and covariance (ANCOVA), adjusting for baseline values. PG experienced a significant increase in Oc (p basketball players.

  20. “合作学习”教学法对培养篮球专项学生篮球裁判能力效果的实验研究%"Cooperative learning"teaching method to cultivate students' basketball referee basketball special ability effect of experimental research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏斌; 吴琼

    2013-01-01

      本文通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、对比实验法等研究方法,对“合作学习”的理论基础与优点进行了研究,并根据合作学习理论与篮球专项学生篮球裁判能力培养的特点,将“合作学习”运用到学生篮球裁判能力培养的实践中,结果研究表明“合作学习”教学法在学生篮球裁判能力培养中的应用是可行的。同时,对于学生学习篮球裁判的主动性、积极性以及群体凝聚力、社交能力的改善有很大的促进作用。%This article through the literature data method, questionnaire survey method, contrast test method, the research method of "cooperative learning" theory foundation and advantages are studied, and according to the cooperative learning theory and basketball special students' basketball referee ability training, the characteristics of "cooperative learning"applied to students' basketball referee ability training practice, the results showed that the"cooperative learning"teaching method in students' basketball referee ability training application is feasible. At the same time, for the students' learning initiative and enthusiasm of the basketball referee, and group cohesion, social skills improvement is great to promote role.

  1. 青少年篮球运动员膳食营养补充%Dietary supplementation of adolescent basketball players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋天亮

    2014-01-01

    篮球运动员的竞技能力主要以科学的训练为保证,合理的营养膳食做后盾。竞赛中以队员良好的身体素质、合理运用技战术、优秀的心理品质赢取比赛。科学的训练主要强调负荷的适中,训练后的恢复和合理的膳食营养。本文通过研究篮球运动的专项特点与能量代谢,归纳营养物质:糖、蛋白质、脂肪、水、维生素和无机盐在篮球训练或比赛中的作用与补充。设计出适合于篮球运动员营养的合理膳食。%The competitive ability of basketball athletes mainly take scientific training to ensure the reasonable diet. The good physical quality of players, reasonable use of tactics, excellent psychological quality to win the game. Scientific training focuses on moderate load, training and rehabilitation and reasonable nutrition. In this paper, through the special characteristics and energy metabolism of basketball, inductive nutrients:sugar, protein, fat, and the role of water, vitamin and inorganic salt in the basketball training and games. Design a reasonable diet nutrition for basketball players.

  2. Non-disabled secondary school children’s lived experiences of a wheelchair basketball programme delivered in the East of England

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Adam B.; Brown, Lindsay J.; Bright, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Frequently an unquestioned belief is held in UK schools in the value of ‘normalised’ ability in physical education. Consequently inclusion of disabled students can be problematical. Negative perceptions of disability are rarely challenged. This study investigated the embodied experiences of 50 non-disabled secondary school pupils during a programme designed to introduce disability sport to non-disabled schoolchildren entitled ‘The Wheelchair Sports Project.’ Wheelchair Basketball sessions wer...

  3. The dynamics of somatic indicators of basketball players under the influence of the special exercises which are directed to the increase of stability of the vestibular analyzer

    OpenAIRE

    Yevhen Kharchenko

    2016-01-01

    Yevhen KharchenkoPurpose: to determine stability of the vestibular analyzer of basketball players of the team of KhSAPC by indicators of somatic displacements after the standard vestibular irritations on the Barany chair, after the introduction of the special exercises in the educational – training process, which are directed on the increase of stability of the vestibular sensor-based system. Material & Methods: the analysis of references, methods of definition of a functional condition o...

  4. Influence of training mini-basketball in the first year of training at the level of the physical health of children 6–7 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Mitova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the contemporary state of early specialization in sport, to find out its positive and negative influence on children`s organism on the basis of scientific and methodological literature, and also to carry out the control of the level of the health of the children aged 6–7 years old before training and after the first year of playing mini-basketball. Material and Methods: the study involved 60 children aged 6–7 years old, 22 – girls and 38 – boys, who were engaged in a section of mini-basketball in Sports Children and Youth Olympic school №5 in Dnipropetrovsk during 2013/2014 used the following research methods: theoretical analysis and compilation of scientific and methodical literature and the Internet, the method of analysis of documentary materials, pedagogical supervision, monitoring physical health of rapid assessment Apanasenko (1992, the method of mathematical statistics. Results: there was defined the level of physical health (according to rapid assessment by Apanasenko (1992 of the children aged 6–7 years old before and after the first year of mini-basketball training. Conclusion: the results of our study confirm the experts opinion that nonsufficient level of the physical health of children aged 6–7 years old before going in for sport and insignificant increase in performance after the first year of playing mini-basketball is related not only to the deterioration of environmental and socio-economic conditions of modern society but also to significant deficiencies in the sports training of children of different ages, which no longer meets the requirements of the present time and needs to be improved

  5. 广西体育教育专业本科生篮球学习投入与教学创新研究%Study on the Basketball Learning Engagement and Teaching Innovation of Guangxi Physical Education Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小明

    2016-01-01

    运用文献资料调研、专家访谈和问卷调查等方法,以广西体育教育专业本科生为研究对象,对其篮球学习投入现状进行调查分析。篮球学习投入包括:主动学习、师生交流、学习收获和物质投入等4个维度。基于篮球学习投入存在的不足,提出篮球教学创新要贯彻“多元性教学”和“生命化教学”理念,培养学生创新能力,塑造良好的心理品质;完善篮球教学内容,重视篮球理论教学,以提高体育教育专业学生的篮球学习投入水平。%Using the methods of literature research, expert interview and questionnaire survey, this study was con-ducted to investigate the status of basketball learning engagement in Guangxi physical education majors.Basketball learning engagement include:active learning, teacher and student exchanges, learning and material inputs, such as the 4 dimensions.Based on basketball learning problems of investment, put forward innovation of basketball teaching to implement the concept of"diversity teaching"and"life education", to develop the innovate ability of students , mold the good psychological quality;improve the content of basketball teaching, paying attention to the teaching of basketball theory, in order to improve sports education for students majoring in basketball learning en-gagement level.

  6. The dynamics of somatic indicators of basketball players under the influence of the special exercises which are directed to the increase of stability of the vestibular analyzer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevhen Kharchenko

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine stability of the vestibular analyzer of basketball players of the team of KhSAPC by indicators of somatic displacements after the standard vestibular irritations on the Barany chair, after the introduction of the special exercises in the educational – training process, which are directed on the increase of stability of the vestibular sensor-based system. Material & Methods: the analysis of references, methods of definition of a functional condition of the vestibular analyzer on indicators of somatic displacements before and after the irritation on the Barany chair, methods of mathematical statistics. 12 boys – basketball players of the men's national team of KhSAPC took part in the researches. Results: somatic indicators of a functional condition of the vestibular analyzer of students – basketball players of the team of KhSAPC, and, their changes under the influence of rotary loadings before the pedagogical experiment are given in the article. Conclusions: the analysis of the results which were received after the experiment showed the considerable improvement of indicators, according to the testing of the motive test (4x9 m (s, hand dynamometry of 100% of a maximum and 50% of a maximum of the right and left hands (р0,05.

  7. The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors, goal orientation, team cohesion, perceived motivational climate ve collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Toros

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the perceived coaching behaviors, the goal orientation, the team cohesion, the perceived motivational climate and the relationship of the collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament. In this research, the young male basketball players who played in the young male basketball teams in 2005-2006 league season and moreover, the ones who took parts in the teams participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. The only 12 teams(144 players of the total 16 teams who participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. In collecting the data, Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire-TEOSQ, Group Environment Questionnaire-GEQ, Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire- PMCSQ and Collective Efficacy Scale-CES were used. The data were calculated with The Analysis of the Descriptive Statistical Techiques, Partial, Part and Pearson Correlation Analysis. Results revealed significant relationship with task orientation and autocratic (r=.195;p<.05 social support (r=.664;p<.05 before the Turkish National Championship. revealed significant relationship with mastery climate and training and instruction (r=.174; p<.05 after the Turkish National Championship. In conclusion; There is a relation between over the course of a season, the pre-tournament and after the tournament.

  8. Study on the strength training of young basketball player%青少年篮球运动员力量训练的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃健军

    2013-01-01

    通过文献资料法、实验法等研究方法,对河南省体校25名青少年男子篮球运动员进行力量分期训练对比研究。结果表明:力量训练在篮球专修学生整个训练中占有重要的地位。发展力量训练要遵循全面发展、共同作用和系统训练原则。对篮球运动员一般力量、专门力量和专项力量有一定的作用。%By the methods of literature study, experimental method and so on, to study on the strength analysis of 25 young basketball athletes in sports school of Henan Province. The results show that:the strength training plays an important role in the training of the basketball specialized students. Strength training should follow the development of all-round development, cooperation and systematic training principle. It has a certain role on the general strength, specific strength and specific strength of basketball player.

  9. The Situation of Vocational Colleges' Basketball Teachers Analysis in GD%广东省高职院校篮球师资情况研究分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利超

    2011-01-01

    通过文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等对广东省部分高职院校篮球教师现状进行了深入调研。研究发现:教师进行篮球教学时的主导思想单一;师资队伍以本科学历为主,职称一般为讲师,副教授和教授级别的人群相当少;教师参与篮球学习、培训的机会少,科研积极性低。%This paper made an in-depth research in the status of basketball teachers in vocational college in Guangdong,by the method of literature and data analysis,interviews,questionnaire survey,statistics and so on.The study found that the following phenomena: First,the teaching ideology is single in basketball course;Second,The composition of teachers are mainly Bachelor,and the job title usually lecturer,associate professor and professor levels relatively small populations;Third,teachers have fewer opportunities to participate in basketball learning,and training,and less positive in study.

  10. The Prevalence of Spine Deformities and Flat Feet among 10-12 Year Old Children Who Train Basketball--Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puzovic, Vladimir; Rotim, Kresimir; Jurisic, Vladimir; Samardzic, Miroslav; Zivkovic, Bojana; Savic, Andrija; Rasulic, Lukas

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of spine and feet deformities among children who are regularly involved in basketball trainings, as well as finding differences in the prevalence of those deformities between children of different gender and age. The study included a total of 64 children, of which 43 were boys and 21 were girls, ages 10-12. All subjects have been regularly participating in basketball trainings for at least one year. Postural disorder is defined as an irregularity in posture of the spine and feet, and it is assessed by visual methods from the front, side and rear side of the body. The prevalence of spinal deformities in our group was 53.13%. The boys had a significantly higher prevalence than girls, 65.1% compared to 28.57% (p=0.006). There was no significant difference in prevalence of spine deformities between children of different ages. The prevalence of feet deformities was 64.06%. There was a statistically significant difference between the sexes, where boys had a significantly greater prevalence of the feet deformities than girls, 83.7% compared to 23.81% (p=0.001). Flat feet were the most common in 10 year old children (85.71%). In conclusion, it can be said that despite regular participation in basketball training, subjects in this study have high prevalence of deformities; especially boys who stand out with the high prevalence of flat feet.

  11. 青少年篮球运动员踝关节防治措施%The Biological Characteristics Analysis of Young Basketball Athletes Ankle Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许永娟

    2012-01-01

      本文将青少年篮球运动员在运动训练的过程中,容易发生的扭伤情况,尤其是踝关节损伤情况进行分析,并针对篮球技术的动作特点以及踝关节自身的结构特点,提出了一些预防性的措施,希望青少年篮球运动员树立起一种科学的篮球训练和预防方法,以健康的体魄来提高篮球运动的成绩。%  As a set of athletic and entertainment in one of the sports, basketball has the history of a century, and with the continuous improvement of its charm, it gradually becomes a worldwide sport, and has more and more participants. This article presents a youth basketbal athletes in the sports training process, prone to sprain, especial y the ankle injury characteristics of biology, and summed up the mechanism and causes of ankle injury for basketbal skil s action, based on the characteristics and ankle structural characteristics, present some preventive measures to ensure that young basketbal players to establish a scientific basketball training and methods, so as to improve the results of the basketball with a good health.

  12. Analysis on Match between Chinese and Japanese Women’s Basketball Teams in 26th Asian Championships%26届亚锦赛中日女篮比赛情况的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗兰

    2016-01-01

    26届女篮亚锦赛,日本女篮先后2次战胜中国女篮和韩国女篮,最后以全胜的成绩蝉联冠军,中国女篮获得了亚军。中日女篮小组赛,中国女篮发挥了自己真实水平,双方比赛技术指标各有优势,最后以1分差距输给对手;决赛中,中国女篮赛前准备不足,导致场上队员心态失衡,以至于得分、防守篮板、助攻、封盖、失误、抢断方面全面落后于对手,最后造成大比分再次输给对手。日本女篮已成为中国女篮冲出亚洲的拦路虎。%In 26th Asian Championships,Japanese women’s basketball team successively defeats Chinese women’ s basketball team and Korean women’s basketball team twice,and finally continues to be the winner with com-plete victory;Chinese women’s basketball team takes second place.In the group stage,Chinese women’s basket-ball team shows actual strength,and two teams have their own advantages on technical criteria,but Chinese women’s basketball team loses the game by one point;in the final,Chinese women’s basketball team lacks preparation,resulting in mentality unbalance and failure in scoring,defending,assist,capping,misplay and tackling,which loses the game by a large score.Japanese women’s basketball team has become the most formidable opponent to hinder Chinese women’s basketball team rushing out of Asia.

  13. 基于项目课程理论的高校篮球课程改革%College basketball curriculum reform based on project curriculum theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董伦红; 饶英

    2013-01-01

    Based on epistemology and learning psychology, the authors analyzed the current situation of college bas-ketball teaching in China. The reasons for the poor practical effect of basketball teaching in China are as follows:cur-riculum contents were organized under the disciplinary system mode;failure to understand the relationship between skill and ability;failure to profoundly grasp the profound connotations and spiritual essence of the curriculum. Based on project curriculum theory, the authors put forward the following measures for college basketball curriculum teaching reform:routinize basketball curriculum contents into such 4 projects as ground offense, shifting from offense to de-fense, ground defense, and shifting from defense to offense;establish semester curriculum contents according to the 4 projects respectively;develop semester basketball curriculum contents in the order of project-task-knowledge;im-plement teaching according to the classroom teaching and extracurricular activity integrated curriculum teaching mode.%以知识论和学习心理学为基础,分析我国高校篮球教学现状。我国篮球教学实践效果不佳的原因是篮球教学以学科体系模式组织课程内容,没有理解技能与能力的关系,没有深刻领会课程的深刻内涵和精神实质。基于项目课程理论提出高校篮球课程教学改革的措施:把篮球课程内容序化为阵地进攻、从攻转守、阵地防守和从守转攻等4个项目;按4个项目分别构建学期课程内容;按项目-任务-知识的顺序进行学期篮球课程内容开发;按课堂教学与课外活动一体化课程教学模式实施教学。

  14. A comparison of linear speed, closed-skill agility, and open-skill agility qualities between backcourt and frontcourt adult semiprofessional male basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron T; Tucker, Patrick S; Dalbo, Vincent J

    2014-05-01

    The measurement of fitness qualities relevant to playing position is necessary to inform basketball coaching and conditioning staff of role-related differences in playing groups. To date, sprinting and agility performance have not been compared between playing positions in adult male basketball players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe and compare linear speed, closed-skill agility, and open-skill agility qualities between backcourt (point guard and shooting guard positions) and frontcourt (small forward, power forward, and center positions) semiprofessional basketball players. Six backcourt (mean ± SD: age, 24.3 ± 7.9 years; stature, 183.4 ± 4.0 cm; body mass, 85.5 ± 12.3 kg; VO2max, 51.9 ± 4.8 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) and 6 frontcourt (mean ± SD: age, 27.5 ± 5.5 years; stature, 194.4 ± 7.1 cm; body mass, 109.4 ± 8.8 kg; VO2max, 47.1 ± 5.0 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) adult male basketball players completed 20-m sprint, closed-skill agility, and open-skill agility performance tests. Magnitude-based inferences revealed that backcourt players (5 m, 1.048 ± 0.027 seconds; 10 m, 1.778 ± 0.048 seconds; 20 m, 3.075 ± 0.121 seconds) possessed likely quicker linear sprint times than frontcourt players (5 m, 1.095 ± 0.085 seconds; 10 m, 1.872 ± 0.127 seconds; 20 m, 3.242 ± 0.221 seconds). Conversely, frontcourt players (1.665 ± 0.096 seconds) held possible superior closed-skill agility performance than backcourt players (1.613 ± 0.111 seconds). In addition, unclear positional differences were apparent for open-skill agility qualities. These findings indicate that linear speed and change of direction speed might be differently developed across playing positions. Furthermore, position-related functions might similarly depend on the aspects of open-skill agility performance across backcourt and frontcourt players. Basketball coaching and conditioning staff should consider the development of position-targeted training drills to improve speed, agility

  15. Design and implementation of basketball game recording system based on .NET%基于.NET的篮球比赛记录系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史文生

    2014-01-01

    The basketball game recording system built with .NET platform can provide the valuable basketball technical and tactical information for user to process data by means of the SQL query language. With the modular design,the system can ensure the consistency and data integrity in the aspect of information query. Basketball game technical and tactical statistics and analysis system based on .NET platform can segment and filter the video frames of non-basketball game by utilizing the H histo-gram clustering,as well as provide a strong basis for basketball tactical analysis provide.%采用.NET平台建立的篮球比赛记录系统,通过SQL查询语言对数据进行处理,向用户输出有价值的篮球技战术信息。利用模块化的设计,使系统在信息查询方面确保了数据的一致性和完整性。.NET平台下的篮球比赛技战术统计与分析系统,可以利用H直方图聚类分割过滤篮球视频中的非比赛帧,对篮球战术分析提供有力依据。

  16. Research on Ability of Elite Guards in the 29th Olympic Games Basketball Competition%第29届奥运会男篮比赛中外优秀后卫进攻能力比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹贻伟

    2011-01-01

    By the 29th Beijing Olympic Games men's basketball game in all the analysis data and field performance of the competition,summary and match the technical characteristics of guard members,combined with strong outside China Basketball weak in reality,to identify the Chinese Men's Basketball Guards and the gap between the world's best for the future training of our men's basketball reference offensive guard,and promote China Basketball Offensive Guard standards.%通过对第29届北京奥运会中国男篮参与的全部比赛的分析,根据比赛数据和现场表现,总结与赛队后卫队员的技术特征,结合中国男篮内强外弱的实际,找出中国男篮后卫与世界优秀后卫之间的差距,为今后我国男篮后卫的进攻训练提供参考,促进我国男篮后卫进攻水平的提高。

  17. Marginal Micronutrient Intake in High-Performance Male Wheelchair Basketball Players: A Dietary Evaluation and the Effects of Nutritional Advice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Grams

    Full Text Available Wheelchair basketball has evolved into a high-performance sport over several years, and small variations in player performance can determine the difference between winning and losing. Therefore, adequate micronutrient intake may influence this difference if performance-promoting macronutrient intake and physical fitness are equal between teams. Seventeen elite male wheelchair basketball players belonging to the Spanish National Team participated in this study. Macro- and micronutrient intake were determined using a food-weighing diary over three consecutive days during three training camps in two consecutive years. Current Dietary Reference Intake levels were used to determine the adequacy of intake of seventeen micronutrients of particular interest for athletes. After categorizing the consumed foods into fourteen food groups according to the National Nutrient Database for Standard References (USDA these groups were used to identify the best predictors of the adequacy of intake for each micronutrient. Total energy intake correlated positively with the adequacy of all micronutrient intake levels, except for vitamins A and E. Five B vitamins and phosphorus, selenium, and iron showed 100% adequacy. All other micronutrient intake levels were found to be inadequate, e.g., vitamin E (51% adequacy and calcium (73%. The fruit, fish and cereal food groups were found to be predictors of adequate intake of most micronutrients. Together with energy intake (p = .009, η2 = 0.49, the intake of the fruit (p = .032, η2 = 0.39 and egg (p = .036, Kendall's W = 0.42 food groups increased significantly over time, along with improved iodine (p = .008, W = 0.61 and magnesium (p = .030, W = 0.44 adequacy levels. Because the adequacy of micronutrient intake correlates positively with energy intake (R = 0.64, p < .001, a varied diet that includes cereals, fish and fruits is especially important for players with low levels of energy intake. Supplements may be a possible

  18. The Commercialising of British Men’s Basketball: Psychological Contracts Between Coaches and Players in the Post-Bosman Game.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Owen-Pugh

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the psychological contracts of male players and coaches in British commercial basketball, and the ways in which these might be shaped by the constraining and enabling pressures of athletic talent migration. It draws on qualitative interview data to argue that commercialising changes in the game’s recent history have led to the emergence of divergent forms of psychological contract between coaches and players. These have promoted the interests of the game’s migrant Americans at the expense of its indigenous athletes. In particular, while the Americans reap the benefits of a high social reputation, material rewards and career development, many indigenous athletes working in the top-flight clubs struggle to gain remuneration and court-time and must fall back on their own resources to build self-confidence and self-respect. It is argued that this marginalising process was intensified following the Bosman ruling of 1995, which led to the exodus of many skilled indigenous players from the UK and prompted the commercial league to make more extensive use of Americans. Interpretation of the study’s findings is informed by Elias’ theory of established-outsider relations.

  19. Oligosaccharide and creatine supplementation on glucose and urea nitrogen in blood and serum creatine kinase in basketball athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Daling

    2005-01-01

    The effects of oligosaccharide and creatine (Cr) supplementation on glucose, lactic acid and urea nitrogen levels in blood and activity of serum creatine kinase (CK) were explored. Twenty CUBA male athletes were divided into 4 groups: group A (supplementation of Cr alone), group B (supplementation of oligosaccharide), group C (supplementation of oligosaccharide and Cr) and group D (placebo control group). By using orthogonal L4 table (2(3)), the experiment was performed. There were factors including oligosaccharide (carbohydrate, CHO), Cr and their correlation. Each factor had two levels: supplementation and no-supplementation. The results showed that the supplementation of CHO or Cr alone, combined supplementation of CHO and Cr could significantly reduce the glucose, urea nitrogen levels in blood and serum CK activity after competition in the athletes. Moreover, the effects of combined supplementation of CHO and Cr were more satisfactory. It was concluded that supplementation of CHO and Cr could promote the recovery of physical performance and athletic abilities after athletics in basketball athletes.

  20. A Method for Using Player Tracking Data in Basketball to Learn Player Skills and Predict Team Performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Skinner

    Full Text Available Player tracking data represents a revolutionary new data source for basketball analysis, in which essentially every aspect of a player's performance is tracked and can be analyzed numerically. We suggest a way by which this data set, when coupled with a network-style model of the offense that relates players' skills to the team's success at running different plays, can be used to automatically learn players' skills and predict the performance of untested 5-man lineups in a way that accounts for the interaction between players' respective skill sets. After developing a general analysis procedure, we present as an example a specific implementation of our method using a simplified network model. While player tracking data is not yet available in the public domain, we evaluate our model using simulated data and show that player skills can be accurately inferred by a simple statistical inference scheme. Finally, we use the model to analyze games from the 2011 playoff series between the Memphis Grizzlies and the Oklahoma City Thunder and we show that, even with a very limited data set, the model can consistently describe a player's interactions with a given lineup based only on his performance with a different lineup.

  1. Repeated sprint ability in young basketball players: multi-direction vs. one-change of direction (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny ePadulo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability of a novel multi-direction repeated sprint ability test (RSM; 10×(6×5-m compared with a repeated sprint ability test (RSA with one change of direction (10×(2×15-m, and the relationship of the RSM and RSA with Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1 and jump performances [squat jump (SJ and counter-movement-jump (CMJ]. Thirty-six (male, n=14, female n=22 young basketball players (age 16.0±0.9 yrs performed the RSM, RSA, Yo-Yo IR1, SJ and CMJ, and were re-tested only for RSM and RSA after one week. The absolute error of reliability (standard error of the measurement was lower than 0.212-s and 0.617-s for the time variables of the RSA and RSM test, respectively. Performance in the RSA and RSM test significantly correlated with CMJ and SJ. The best time, worst time and total time of the RSA and RSM test were negatively correlated with Yo-Yo IR1 distance. Based on these findings, consistent with previously published studies, it was concluded that the novel RSM test was valid and reliable.

  2. The hidden cost of coaching: intentional training of shot adequacy discrimination in basketball hampers utilization of informative incidental cues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez Cadenas, Ernesto; Cárdenas, David; Sánchez Delgado, Guillermo; Perales, José C

    2015-02-01

    The goal was to identify the advantages and disadvantages of using intentional guidance to teach to discriminate between good and bad circumstances to shoot in basketball. A simulated shot-adequacy learning task was developed, in which participants were asked to decide, in each trial, whether the player in possession of the ball should shoot or not. After each decision, they received feedback on their response (determined by five cues: Opposition, Rebound, Balance, Alternative, and Distance). 65 naïve participants (M age = 18.6 yr., SD = 1.3) were divided into two groups. The Incidental group received no guiding instructions. The Intentional group was instructed to utilize four of the five cues. The Distance cue was kept incidental for both groups. Participants effectively incorporated the cues into their decisions. Guidance had a markedly different effect across cues. The Intentional group utilized Distance less efficiently than the Incidental group, i.e., intentional instructions on the other four cues nearly blocked the utilization of Distance.

  3. Oligosaccharide and Creatine Supplementation on Glucose and Urea Nitrogen in Blood and Serum Creatine Kinase in Basketball Athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The effects of oligosaccharide and creatine (Cr) supplementation on glucose, lactic acid and urea nitrogen levels in blood and activity of serum creatine kinase (CK) were explored. Twenty CUBA male athletes were divided into 4 groups: group A (supplementation of Cr alone), group B (supplementation of oligosaccharide), group C (supplementation of oligosaccharide and Cr) and group D (placebo control group). By using orthogonal L4 table (23), the experiment was performed. There were factors including oligosaccharide (carbohydrate, CHO), Cr and their correlation. Each factor had two levels: supplementation and no-supplementation. The results showed that the supplementation of CHO or Cr alone, combined supplementation of CHO and Cr could significantly reduce the glucose, urea nitrogen levels in blood and serum CK activity after competition in the athletes. Moreover, the effects of combined supplementation of CHO and Cr were more satisfactory. It was concluded that supplementation of CHO and Cr could promote the recovery of physical performance and athletic abilities after athletics in basketball athletes.

  4. Risk factors for patellar tendinopathy in volleyball and basketball players: A survey-based prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vries, A J; van der Worp, H; Diercks, R L; van den Akker-Scheek, I; Zwerver, J

    2015-10-01

    Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common overuse injury of the patellar tendon in jumping athletes. In a recent large cross-sectional study from 2008 several factors were identified that may be associated with the etiology of PT. However, because of the study design no conclusions could be drawn about causal relations. The primary aim of the current study is to investigate whether the factors identified in the previous 2008 study can also be prospectively recognized as predictors of symptomatic PT in 2011. Nine hundred twenty-six Dutch elite and non-elite basketball and volleyball players from the previous study were invited again to complete an online survey about knee complaints and risk factors for PT in 2011. The logistic regression included 385 athletes of which 51 (13%) developed PT since 2008. Male gender [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-3.5] was found to be a risk factor for developing PT. No sports-related variables could be identified to increase the risk of developing PT, but some evidence was found for performing heavy physically demanding work, like being a nurse or a physical education teacher (OR 2.3, 95% CI 0.9-6.3). These findings indicate that, when considering preventive measures, it is important to take into account the total tendon load.

  5. The Relationship of Practice Exposure and Injury Rate on Game Performance and Season Success in Professional Male Basketball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Caparrós, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Gregory D. Myer, Lluís Capdevila, Kristian Samuelsson, Bruce Hamilton, Gil Rodas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship among game performance, injury rate, and practice exposure in a professional male basketball team. A retroospective analysis of prospective collected data was conducted over seven consecutive seasons (2007/2008 to 2013/2014. Data collection included sports performance during competition (statistical evaluation, injury rate, and total exposure (games and practices. Over the surveillance period, 162 injuries (91 practice; 71 matches occurred over 32,668 hours of exposure (556 games and 2005 practices. There was a strong positive correlation between: 1 exposure (total number of practices and hours of exposure and the total number of injuries (r = 0.77; p = 0.04; 2 exposure (total hours of exposure and total hours of practice exposure and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.77 and p = 0.04, and r = 0.8 and p = 0.03, respectively; and 3 total number of injuries and performance (total team ranking (r = 0.84; p = 0.02. While increasing practice and competition time is related to greater team performance, it also increases the number of injuries. However, higher injury rates were not associated with worse overall team performance. Efforts to reduce high-risk activity during practice, optimally replaced with injury prevention training, might help to reduce injury risk.

  6. Self-efficacy, physical competence and self-esteem in basketball participants with and without physical disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Ferreira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothetical hierarchical relationship between self-efficacy, physical self and global self-esteem, in groups with and without physical disability as well as gender and condition between groups. A second purpose was to assess the influence of independent variables, such as time and frequency of sport involvement, on self-efficacy, physical competence and global self-esteem for each of the groups studied. Participants were 193 basketball players, 59 male athletes with disability (mean age 32.80 ± 11.64, 80 male athletes without disability (mean age 21.48 ± 4.69, and 54 female athletes without disability (mean age 22.91 ± 3.11, all participating in Portuguese national competitions. Results showed evidence of a hierarchical organization among self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions and global self-esteem. Physical self-worth was also confirmed as a mediator between self-perceptions at the base of the model and feelings in the apex, i.e., between physical self-perceptions and global self-esteem. However, this relationship was found to be a negative one. Strong perceptions of self-efficacy and physical competence seem to generate weaker global feelings of self-confidence and personal satisfaction in everyday life contexts.

  7. 我国青少年篮球队技术与体能训练的误区及其关系定位%Misunderstanding and Relations on Training of Basketball Skills and Physical Fitness of the Basketball teams on adolescents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉龙; 赵焕彬; 孙凤林; 宋旭峰

    2012-01-01

    Based on explain and analyze that misunderstanding on training of basketball skills and physical fitness of the basketball teams on adolescents,established the relations of training of basketball skills and physical fitness : Basketball skills and physical fitness training is Independent of each other,combine with each other,but also Influence each other,mutually dependent;It should be together and partakers,and combine in the partakers,partakers in the combine;Skills and physical training should be adhere to the development of integrated and balanced;skills and physical fitness training exists as a system;Connection and Conversion is the key on skills and physical fitness training.%对目前我国青少年篮球队在技术和体能训练过程中存在误区进行阐释和分析,在此基础上以发展和辩证的观点确立了篮球技术与体能训练之间的关系定位:篮球技术与体能训练是一种既相互独立,又彼此结合,还相互影响,互为依赖的关系;二者在训练过程中应有合也有分,而且分中有合,合中有分;技术和体能训练应坚持整体与均衡发展;技术与体能训练作为一个系统化的体系而存在;技术和体能训练之间的有机衔接与转化是训练问题的关键。

  8. 青少年篮球运动员力量训练的误区及对策研究%On the Misunderstanding and Countermeasure of Young Basketball Player's Strength Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张裕中

    2012-01-01

    This paper elaborated the current problems of our country juvenile basketball players' strength training,and analyzed the causes of these phenomena to improve and perfect the current juvenile basketball players' strength training with suggestions.%阐述了当前我国青少年篮球运动员力量训练中的若干误区,分析了导致这些现象的原因,对改进和完善当前青少年篮球运动员力量训练提出了建议。

  9. 第27届男篮亚锦赛中国队与前四强对手攻防能力分析%Analysis on the Offensive and Defensive Abilities of Chinese Men’s Basketball Team and the Semi-finals Opponents in the 27th Asian Men’s Basketball Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安迪

    2014-01-01

    采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法等,分析和研究了第27届亚洲男子篮球锦标赛中国队与前四强及前四强之间的45场比赛情况,找出了中国男子篮球队打出最差战绩的原因以及在进攻与防守方面的优势与差距,提出了相应的对策,期望为推动中国男子篮球队的进步和发展提供借鉴。%Employing the methods of documentation ,video observation and statistics ,the 45 games of Chinese and the semi-finals opponents are analyzed and researched in 27th Asian men's basketball championship .The reasons are found out for the worst record of Chinese men’s basketball team play in Asian championships ,as well as the advanta-ges and disadvantages in the aspects of offensive and defensive ,and relevant solutions are put forward to promote the progress and development of the Chinese men’s basketball team .

  10. La inclusión de la línea de tres puntos en minibasket. (Three-point line’s inclusion in mini-basketball.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Alonso Roque

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El reglamento de Minibasket no ha sufrido modificaciones significativas desde sus inicios. Para la temporada 2005/2006 la Federación Española de Baloncesto propuso unas modificaciones al reglamento, de las cuales destaca una línea de tres puntos con forma rectangular. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la bibliografía con respecto a las modificaciones reglamentarias y a la línea de tres puntos en Minibasket, desde un enfoque formativo para el jugador. Las reglas de los deportes de iniciación y en concreto de Minibasket deben responder a las demandas de los sujetos, sus necesidades y motivaciones con el fin de lograr un aprendizaje óptimo. En este sentido, tras revisar la bibliografía, no se encuentran estudios científicos que se centren en analizar la inclusión de la línea de tres puntos, ni que analicen la posición y distancia a la que se debe situar dicha línea para mejorar el juego en Minibasket. Sin embargo, la inclusión de la línea de tres puntos, en las competiciones de las cuales se ha encontrado referencias, fue todo un éxito. Por lo que son necesarias investigaciones que ayuden a esclarecer las limitaciones que existen a la hora de proponer una línea de tres puntos, adaptada a las necesidades formativas y a las características de los jugadores de Minibasket, para favorecer el lanzamiento y obtener éxito desde posiciones alejadas. Abstract Mini-basketball rules do not have been changed in a significant way regarding the original idea. For the season 2005-2006, the Spanish Federation of Basketball proposed some changes in its rules, from which a rectangular three-point line stands out. The aim of this study was to examine the bibliography with respect to the rule modifications and to the three-point line in Mini-basketball from a formative point of view. In sport initiation and in Mini-basketball, rules must improve the skill efficiency, performance, enjoyment and satisfaction to the learners. After review

  11. Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the TIVRE-Basket Test for the Determination of Aerobic Power in Elite Male Basketball Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaquera, Alejandro; Villa, Jose G; Morante, Juan C; Thomas, Gavin; Renfree, Andrew J; Peters, Derek M

    2016-02-01

    The aims of this study were to (a) determine the relationship between performance on the court-based TIVRE-Basket test and peak aerobic power determined from a criterion laboratory-based incremental treadmill test and (b) to examine the test-retest reliability of the TIVRE-Basket test in elite male basketball players. To address aim 1, 36 elite male basketball players (age: 25.2 ± 4.7 years, weight: 94.1 ± 11.4 kg, height: 195.83 ± 9.6 cm) completed a graded treadmill exercise test and the TIVRE-Basket within 72 hours. The mean distance recorded during the TIVRE-Basket test was 4001.8 ± 176.4 m, and mean VO2 peak was 54.7 ± 2.8 ml · kg(-1) · min(-1), and the correlation between the 2 parameters was r = 0.824 (p ≤ 0.001). Linear regression analysis identified TIVRE-Basket distance (in meters) as the only unique predictor of VO2 peak in a single variable plus constant model: VO2 peak = 2.595 + (0.13 × TIVRE-Basket distance [in meters]). Performance on the TIVRE-Basket test accounted for 67.8% of the variance in VO2 peak (t = 8.466, p ≤ 0.001, 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.016, SEE: 1.61). To address aim 2, 20 male basketball players (age: 26.7 ± 4.2 years, height: 1.94 ± 0.92 cm, weight: 94.0 ± 9.1 kg) performed the TIVRE-Basket test on 2 occasions. There was no significant difference in total distance covered between trial 1 (4138.8 ± 677.3 m) and trial 2 (4188.0 ± 648.8 m; t = 0.5798, p = 0.5688). Mean difference between trials was 49.2 ± 399.5 m, with an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.85 suggesting a moderate level of reliability. Standardized typical error of measurement was 0.88%, representing a moderate degree of trial-to-trial error, and the Coefficient of Variation (CV) was 6.3%. The TIVRE-Basket test therefore represents a valid and moderately reliable court-based sport-specific test of aerobic power for use with individuals and teams of elite-level male basketball players. Future research is required to ascertain its validity

  12. Study on Common Injuries for Basketball Amateurs in Tongren City%铜仁市篮球爱好者常见运动损伤的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵帅; 路旭光; 何健

    2016-01-01

    篮球运动是一项普及广泛和锻炼价值极高的一项运动,深受广大运动爱好者所喜爱,随着我国篮球运动的不断普及与提高,这项风靡全国的运动在铜仁市的无论校园,还是在街头巷尾,都得到了蓬勃发展。但是,由于篮球运动的不断普及和提高,加之篮球运动的综合性极强,它是集跑、跳、投于一身,在比赛过程中的速度之快、强度之大、对抗之激烈,导致该项目的运动损伤率不断提高。本文通过访谈法、文献资料法以及问卷调查法,对铜仁市篮球爱好者进行了问卷调查,分析了篮球运动中容易发生损伤的部位以及运动损伤的原因,并提出一定的预防措施及建议指导。通过调查研究得出篮球运动的损伤原因及如何预防和损伤的对策。研究结果对铜仁市篮球爱好者运动损伤的预防有着一定的指导意义,可以减少和避免篮球运动损伤的几率,以达到铜仁市篮球爱好者能快乐、健康、顺利的进行篮球运动的目的。%Basketball is a widespread and beneficial sport which is very popular among amateurs.With the popularization and promotion of basketball in China,it is developing prosperously in every corner in Tongren city. However,as an integrated sport combining running,jumping and shooting,and a sport with high speed,intensity and competitiveness,the injury rate in basketball is raising continuously.By using interviews,literature,and questionnaire survey methods,this paper surveys amateurs in Tongren by questionnaire,analyzes injury reasons and easy injuring body parts,provides prevention measures and guidelines.Based on the survey,this paper concludes causes and countermeasures for basketball injuries.The results offer guidelines for sport injuries among Tongren basketball amateurs to reduce and prevent injuries,aims at guarantee the happy,healthy and smooth basketball play for Tongren amateurs.

  13. EFFECTS OF A BASKETBALL ACTIVITY ON LUNG CAPILLARY BLOOD VOLUME AND MEMBRANE DIFFUSING CAPACITY, MEASURED BY NO/CO TRANSFER IN CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rim Dridi

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In both children and adults, acute exercise increases lung capillary blood volume (Vc and membrane factor (DmCO. We sought to determine whether basketball training affected this adaptation to exercise in children. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two years sport activity on the components of pulmonary gas transfer in children. Over a 2-yr period, we retested 60 nine year old boys who were initially separated in two groups: 30 basketball players (P (9.0 ± 1.0 yrs; 35.0 ± 5.2 kg; 1.43 ± 0.05 m, and matched non players controls (C (8.9 ± 1.0 yrs; 35.0 ± 6.0 kg; 1.44 ± 0.06 m who did not perform any extracurricular activity, Vc and DmCO were measured by the NO/CO transfer method at rest and during sub-maximal exercise. Maximal aerobic power and peak power output was 12% higher in the trained group compared to matched controls (p < 0.05. Nitric oxide lung transfer (TLNO per unit lung volume and thus, DmCO per unit of lung volume (VA were higher at rest and during exercise in the group which had undergone regular basketball activity compared to matched controls (p < 0.05. Neither lung capillary blood volume nor total lung transfer for carbon monoxide (TLCO were significantly different between groups. These results suggest that active sport can alter the properties of the lung alveolo-capillary membrane by improving alveolar membrane conductance in children

  14. On The Precautions against Injuries to Students throughout Basketball Instruction%论篮球教学中学生伤害事故的预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李大昭

    2012-01-01

    Basketball as the three ball is one of the important project in sports, but also the important means in the teaching of physical education. Carrying out very wide in the middle of the students. But basketball is a high altitude, high speed, high resistance characteristics of the project, together with some students is the initial contact with basketball.Did not know the on the existence of risk . In the teaching process of the game, based on the collective characteristics of project, students are always in a dynamic relatively narrow site will inevi- tably occur body contact. The slightest mistake is possible personal injury accident.At the risk of injury in the presence ,if we take some negative prevention method, such as reducing the teaching difficulty, reducing the load,restricting the student activities and some other means, although this can have some preventive effect, but it obviously affects the teaching effect. Not to make the student body function exercise. So we have to take a correct attitude towards the risk. Take positive and effective measures to prevent such personal injury accidents. Here is my experience to talk about a few view.%本文对篮球教学中学生伤害事故的预防路径进行了研究,指出只有切实树立起学生安全运动意识、针对篮球项目的特点,充分完成课前准备活动、科学安排篮球教学内容及合理组织、教师做到准确示范,及时指导等,就能有效预防篮球教学中学生伤害事故的发生。以期为篮球教学工作提供有益的帮助。

  15. Analytical Investigation of Attack and Defense Ability Between Asian Men's Basketball Team and the World Top Ranked Team%亚洲男篮与世界诸强攻防能力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽华

    2016-01-01

    The paper utilizes many methods,such as document literature,comparative analysis,videotape observation,mathe⁃matical statistics,etc. to analyze the index of attack and defense ability of Asian men�s basketball team in the 16th annual world basketball championship. The outcome shows that there is a big difference between Asian basketball team and world basketball team. 1) On the offensive,Asian basketball team shows few attempts of shoot and low rate of hits,especially 2 points ball which obviously fall behind his opponents;2)Asian basketball team has a poor ability to scramble for offensive rebound. 3) In a fierce competition Asian basketball team has weak secondary attack ability,and the error probability is rather high. 4) In defense the Steal ability of Asian basketball team is poor. 5) The Block Shot ability of Asian basketball team is inferior to his rival. 6) The robbing offensive rebound ability of Asian basketball team is weak. On account of the above questions,the officials propose that Asian basketball team should improve the players�confidence,intensify the practice of fast shooting,improve the consciousness of rushing for the offensive rebound,strengthen the practice of passing and catching ball ability,enhance the positivity,eager⁃ness and adaptability of defense,intensify the players�consciousness of grabbing the advantage spot first and then the ball when they grab the offensive rebound,reinforce the practice of the players� physical quality in order to improve the body�s withstan⁃ding ability.%运用文献资料、对比分析、录像观察、数据数理统计等方法,对第16届男篮世锦赛亚洲男篮攻防能力的指标进行研究,分析亚洲球队与世界强队之间存在着哪些差距。结果表明:亚洲球队在进攻方面表现为投篮的出手次数少、命中率低,尤其是2分球的出手次数和命中率与对手差距明显;抢进攻篮板球能力差;助攻能力弱,在强对抗中失误

  16. On Core Strength Training of Young Basketball Player%论青少年篮球运动员核心力量训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂飞; 杨勇

    2015-01-01

    近几年随着神经肌肉系统理论与本体感受性理论及运动链理论的发展与提出,越来越多的学者及基层教练发现核心力量在竞技体育运动项目中的重要地位。同时,将核心力量训练理论与方法运用在青少年篮球运动员体能训练中,对提高青少年篮球运动员的身体素质,乃至运动技术的提高有着非常重要的作用。但是,目前仍然有许多基层青少年篮球教练员对核心训练方法与理念还是停留在初步的概念与零散的手段上,还不能完全领会到青少年核心力量训练的实质和要点,因此,还不能为青少年篮球运动员专项力量的提高和专项技术水平的改善起到重要的作用。%In recent years, with the development of sport and the theory and the theory of chain and proprioceptive neurom-uscular system and suggested that a growing number of academics and grassroots core strength coach found an important role in competitive sports project. Meanwhile, core strength training theories and methods used in the physical training of young basketball player, youth basketball players to improve physical fitness, as well as to improve the movement of technology has a very important role. However, there are still many grassroots youth basketball coaches core training methods and ideas are still stuck on the initial concept and scattered means, it can not fully comprehend the essence and core strength training teenagers points, therefore, can not be for youth basketball athletes enhance and improve the technical level of the special play an important role.

  17. Research of level of formed knowledge, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of faculty of physical education.

    OpenAIRE

    Kovalenko J.A.

    2011-01-01

    The results of a zero control of students of faculty of physical education are presented. The estimation of theoretical knowledge's is conducted, abilities and skills on basket-ball for the students of a 1 course of directions of preparation «Physical education», «Health of man» and «Sport». It is set that the level of their formed at most students of different directions of preparation is insufficient. It is certain that by reason of such position, foremost, there is insufficient preparation...

  18. 中专篮球教学中如何培养学生的情商%How to Cultivate the Students' EQ Basketball Teaching in Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文亮

    2013-01-01

    篮球是中专学生最喜爱的一项体育运动,作为一名体育老师,要以社会对人的需要为培养方向。篮球运动是一种综合性运动项目,可以从中对学生进行情商的培养,进而提升他们的竞争力与综合素质。本文通过分析和研究,首先分析了目前学生情商的教育现状,然后从在篮球教学中培养学生情商的原则出发,重点对培养学生的竞争和合作精神、自发自动能力、人际交流能力以及心理情绪的管理等几个方面进行探讨。通过在篮球教学中培养学生的情商,促进中专学生的身心健康发展。%A sport of basketball as a secondary school students favorite,as a physical education teacher,but also to the society's need for people to the direction of training,basketball is a comprehensive sports project,can cultivate EQ of students from,and enhance their competitive ability and comprehensive quality,in this paper,through the analysis and study,the first analysis of the current situation of the students' EQ education,and then starting from the cultivation of students' emotional intelligence in basketball teaching principle,focus on cultivating students' competition and cooperation spirit,some spontaneous automatic ability,interpersonal communication ability and the psychological and emotional management and other aspects. Students through the cultivation of EQ in basketball teaching,promote the development of physical and mental health of College students.

  19. A Study on the Construction and Application of College Basketball Network Platform%高校篮球网络平台构建与应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛松和

    2012-01-01

      Through literature consultation,logistic induction and telephone interview,this paper analyzes the necessity of build college basketball network platform, and explores its constru-ction.%  通过文献资料、逻辑推理、电话咨询等方法,本文分析了高校建立篮球网络平台的必要性并对高校篮球网络平台构建与应用进行了探讨

  20. Analysis of College Student's Athletic Injuries in Playing Basketball%大学生篮球运动损伤解。

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万国华; 杨小勇; 王碧怡; 宋军; 吴国平

    2012-01-01

    随机分层整群抽样了广东省9所高校105个班级,以各班中篮球人口为研究对象,对其篮球运动损伤发生场合、损伤种类及成因进行了调查与分析。结果显示:从损伤发生场合来看,课外锻炼损伤发生比例最高,达到68.6%,比赛与体育课则分别为19.3%与13.8%。从损伤种类来看,主要为擦伤、拉伤、扭伤与挫伤4类,它们的发生率分别为71.1%、33.3%、25.2%与13.8%。为预防大学生篮球损伤应对学生加强篮球规则宣传教育,增强其自我保护意识,丰富其自我保护技巧,突出护具保护教育,提高其篮球专项身体素质,加强其自我监督的知识与技能教育。%Based on the method of stratified cluster random sampling of 105 classes of 9 universities in Guangdong Province, this paper investigates and analyzes the occasions, the types and the causes of athletic injury, taking basketball population in each class as Research Object .The results show that from the injury occasions perspective, the physical injury m extra-curricular exercise reaches the highest proportion of 68.6%, competitions covering 19.3% and PE covering 13.8%. In the point of view of injury types, there are four: abrasion, pull, strain and contusion, and each respectively covers occurring rate: 71.1%, 33.3%, 25.2%, andl3.$%. To prevent college students' athletic injury in playing basketball is proposed in the following way: to strengthen the basketball rules publicity, to enhance self-protection awareness, to enrich self-protection techniques, to emphasize using protector, to improve physical quality of basketball event, and to reinforce serf-monitoring knowledge and skill education.

  1. Offense direction changes made by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in recent three world basketball games%近三次篮球世界大赛我国男篮进攻方式的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利超

    2015-01-01

    为总结中国男篮近几次国际大赛进攻方式的变化,找出成绩逐年下滑原因,采用最新奥特喜马拉雅非线性编辑软件将中国男篮29、30届奥运会及16届世锦赛所有比赛录像进行片段分割,对中国队每一次进攻进行分析并按进攻方式统计数据,再进行数据整理、解析.得出结论,3次大赛中国队内外线进攻方式存在较大变化,自2008年奥运会后内线缺乏有力支撑点及牵制力.虽然易建联在16届世锦赛和30届奥运会都有不错的表现,但内线抢位身体对抗能力有限及打法单一,很难起到牵制对手作用.教练邓华德有意加强外线队员突破进攻,但效果有限.内外线队员单打过多,在对手凶悍防守面前命中率较低并缺乏整体配合意识,中国队内外线缺少稳定得分点.%In order to summarize offense direction changes made by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in recent three international games, so as to find out the reasons for its continuous performance decline year by year, the au-thor, by using the latest OTT Himalaya nonlinear editing software, carried out segment division on the videos of all the games played by the Chinese Men's Basketball Team in the 29th and 30th Olympic Games and the 16th World Championships, analyzed each offense executed by team China and gathered the data according to the way of of-fense, then collated and analyzed the data, and drew the following conclusions: team China had big changes in the way of inside and outside offense in these three games, had lacked powerful inside support and containment since the Olympic Games 2008; although YI Jian-liang had good performance in the 16th World Championships and the 30th Olympic Games, but his body contesting ability for inside position competition was limited and his moves were undiversified, so it was very difficult for him to play a role in containing the opponent; coach Donewald had in-tended to strengthen outside players' breakthrough

  2. 25届亚锦赛中、日、韩女篮得分区域的对比分析%Contrastive Analysis on China,Japan and South Korea in Women′s Basketball Scoring Area of the 25th Asian Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何艳强

    2016-01-01

    25届亚锦赛已落下帷幕,日本女篮在时隔很久的情况下,获得了亚锦赛冠军,韩国女篮和中国女篮分别获得亚军和季军。中韩日女篮仍然位居亚洲女篮的第一梯队,日韩和中国队三支球队得分形式各具特色。中日女篮进攻点都多在限制区,中距离分偏高,外线远投发挥欠佳;韩国女篮外线投篮发挥不稳定,但明显好于中日女篮;在罚球方面,中国女篮无论在罚球次数和得分方面,占有绝对的优势。%The 25 Asian Basketball Championship has ended,Japanese women's basketball after a long time,won the Asian Championship,South Korean and Chinese women's basketball team won the runner -up and second runner -up respectively.Women’s basketball of China,South Korea and Japan are still rank first in the Asian women's basketball team,and three teams scoring form their own characteristics.Chinese and Japanese women's basketball has more attack points in restricted zone,a high point in the distance,but poor outside shot to play;South Korea's women's basketball shooting play unstable,but significantly better than Chinese and Japanese women's basketball team;In the penalty area,Chinese women basketball team both in terms of number of free throws and scoring,has an absolute advantage.

  3. Proprioceptive Training and Injury Prevention in a Professional Men's Basketball Team: A Six-Year Prospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Dario; Bianchi, Roberto; Rocca, Flavio; Mamo, Carlo

    2016-02-01

    Single limb stance instability is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries. Therefore, the development of proprioception may play an important role in injury prevention. This investigation considered a professional basketball team for 6 years, integrating systematic proprioceptive activity in the training routine. The purpose was to assess the effectiveness of proprioceptive training programs based on quantifiable instability, to reduce ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain through developing refined and long-lasting proprioceptive control. Fifty-five subjects were studied. In the first biennium (2004-2006), the preventive program consisted of classic proprioceptive exercises. In the second biennium (2006-2008), the proprioceptive training became quantifiable and interactive by means of electronic proprioceptive stations. In the third biennium (2008-2010), the intensity and the training volume increased while the session duration became shorter. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the differences in proprioceptive control between groups, years, and bienniums. Injury rates and rate ratios of injury during practices and games were estimated. The results showed a statistically significant reduction in the occurrence of ankle sprains by 81% from the first to the third biennium (p < 0.001). Low back pain showed similar results with a reduction of 77.8% (p < 0.005). The reduction in knee sprains was 64.5% (not significant). Comparing the third biennium with the level of all new entry players, proprioceptive control improved significantly by 72.2% (p < 0.001). These findings indicate that improvements in proprioceptive control in single stance may be a key factor for an effective reduction in ankle sprains, knee sprains, and low back pain.

  4. Comparative Analysis of Plyometric Training Program and Dynamic Stretching on Vertical Jump and Agility in Male Collegiate Basketball Player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Shaji

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to compare, analyze the individual and combined effect of plyometric training program and dynamic stretching on vertical jump and agility. The subjects included 45, healthy male collegiate basketball players between the ages of 18-25. All subjects were tested in the vertical jump and agility using the Sergeant Jump test and T-test respectively prior to starting the dynamic stretching and plyometric training program. The subjects then completed a four week plyometric training program and were retested. Univariate ANOVA was conducted to analyze the change scores (post – pre in the independent variables by group (plyometric, dynamic stretching and combined with pre scores as covariates. The Univariate ANOVA revealed a significant group effect for Sergeant Jump test F = 12.95, P = 0.000 for Dynamic stretching group, F = 12.55, P = 0.000 for Plyometric training group and F = 15.11, P = 0.000 for combined group. The combined group reveled, maximum increase in the height when compared with the pretest scores. For the T-Test agility scores a significant group effect was found F = 2.00, P = 0.043 for Plyometric training group, F = 9.14, P = 0.000 for combined group while dynamic stretching group F = 2.11, P = 0.088 reveled non significant results. The findings suggested that two days of plyometric training a week in combination with dynamic stretching for four weeks is sufficient enough to show improvements in vertical jump height and agility. The results also suggest that two days of plyometric training and dynamic stretching are equally effective in improving vertical jump height. In contrast dynamic stretching two days a week for four weeks was not sufficient enough to show improvements in agility while plyometric training was sufficient.

  5. Analysis on Development Path of Chinese Professional Basketball League Based on the Field Theory%基于“场域理论”视角下的CBA联赛的发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红

    2014-01-01

    Based on the theory of ‘Field -Habitus’,this paper analyzes the Chinese professional basketball league believe that CBA is a big field,and from the economic field,the power field,competition and others to an-alyze the CBA field;Then,the Chinese professional basketball field main include three kind of habitus:talented person,team and the class habitus three aspects.Finally,the author puts forward five development paths for the Chinese professional basketball league.The main purpose is to provide reference for the development of Chinese Professional Basketball League.%借助“场域”理论对我国CBA联赛的现状进行分析认为,我国CBA联赛是一个大的场域;从经济场域、权力场域和竞争三个方面对CBA场域进行了分析;并对我国CBA场域的三大惯习:人才惯习、团队惯习和阶级惯习进行了分析。最后提出了有针对性的建议,旨在为我国职业篮球的发展提供借鉴和参考。

  6. An analysis on the Rebound of China man basketball team in recent international competition%对中国男篮近两次国际大赛篮板球情况的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑青

    2011-01-01

    运用文献资料法、录像法和数理统计法,对土耳其世锦赛和广州亚运会中国男篮在篮板方面的情况进行分析,结果显示:在土耳其世锦赛上中国队与对手在进攻篮板方面差异显著,中国男篮的防守篮板有很大提高;在广州亚运会上中国男篮在篮板上整体好于对手,但在与约旦和伊朗的比赛中,中国男篮与他们有一定的差距。%By using the methods of documents,video observation,and statistics,this article studies the rebound of China basketball man team in Turkish World Championship and Guangzhou Asian Games.The results show a big gap in offensive ability exists between China basketball man team and its opponents in Turkish World Championship,but the defensive ability of China basketball man team has made great improvement;China basketball man team is much better than its opponents on rebound aspect in Guangzhou Asian Games,but its overall level has a certain gap with Jordan and Iran in match.

  7. 浅析篮球运动员的比赛心理及其调控方法%The game analysis on the psychology of basketball player and its control method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜天宇

    2014-01-01

    According to the analysis of the basketball athlete in the competition in the process of psychological quality is not stable performance ,combined with the characteristics of the basketball movement project, this paper discussed the factors influencing the psychological changes of basketball players, basketball players put forward method to overcome the negative psychological mood, provides the reference for the athletes made outstanding achievements in the future competition psychological training and competition.%本文结合篮球运动项目的特点,针对篮球运动员在比赛过程中心理素质不稳定的表现分析,论述了影响篮球运动员心理变化的因素,提出篮球运动员克服消极心理情绪的方法,为运动员在今后的比赛心理训练及比赛中取得优秀成绩提供参考。

  8. 体能训练在篮球运动中的作用与存在问题的探讨%Discussion of the Role of Physical Training in Basketball and Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓兰

    2012-01-01

    体能因素是影响我国篮球运动达到世界一流水平的重要因素。文章采用文献资料法,对我国篮球运动中的体能训练进行探讨研究,发现:目前我国对篮球运动的客观规律缺少深刻研究,篮球体能训练也还没有形成完整的训练方法体系,与其比赛实践的要求脱节,在对篮球体能训练思想认识上存在误区,运动员无氧代谢能力有待提高等,都是亟待解决的问题。%The physical factor is the impact of China's basketball world-class training content and training methods of physical training in the Chinese Basketball does not meet the practical needs of modem basketball game in many ways. Thinking and understanding of the errors, the lack of in-depth study on the rules and characteristics of competitive basketball, the lack of detailed system training methods and means, athletes anaerobic metabolic capacity urgent need to improve the physical training to the lack of systematic planning and other issues need to be solved.

  9. “每人触球制”比赛法在篮球教学中的应用研究%Application Research of "Everyone Touch Ball System" in Basketball Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李翠峰; 王乐彪

    2014-01-01

    遵循现代教育的指导思想和篮球技战术教学的基本规律,运用文献资料、实验观察、数理统计及比较分析等方法,通过实验分析“每人触球制”比赛法在篮球教学应用中的时代价值,并提出其在篮球教学中应用的实施建议,对以后比赛教学法在篮球教学上的研究与推广提供一定参考价值。%Following the basic rules of modern education guidelines and teaching basketball skills and tactics,and using methods of literature data, experimental, mathematical statistics and comparative analysis, this paper analyzes times value of applications of "person touches system" in basketball teaching by experimental. It puts forward applications suggestions in basketball teaching. It has reference value on research and extension of game teaching method on basketball teaching.

  10. 探析大学生篮球运动导致的髌骨软化症%Analysis of the Causes of College Students Playing Basketball due to Chondromalacia Patella

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阙祥勇; 李新志

    2016-01-01

    The Chondromalacia patella is a common Chronic injure disease in College Basketball games,In this article,through the anatomic characteristics of the knee,Basketball Action Feature and College Basketball own characteristics,the author analyzes biome-chanical situation of the patella when College students playing Basketball,In order to find effective treatment methods and preventive measures.%髌骨软化症是大学生篮球运动中常见的慢性损伤性疾病,本文通过篮球运动的动作特点和大学生篮球运动的自身特点分析大学生篮球运动时髌骨的生物力学情况,探析大学生篮球运动导致的髌骨软化症机制,从而寻找有效的治疗方法和预防措施。

  11. A Study on the Causes of Basketball Harm on Ankle Joint and Its Prevention%篮球运动对人体踝关节损伤的原因及预防的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓峰

    2012-01-01

      篮球运动作为高校体育教育专业的主干课程之一,在体育教育专业课程体系中占有重要地位。通过对我院篮球普修课上人体易伤部位的踝关节进行了调查分析的探究,试找出损伤原因。最大限度地减少和避免篮球普修课上篮球运动中损伤的发生,为今后的教学、训练和体育锻炼提供科学的理论依据。%  Basketball as one of the main course of physical education plays an important role in the physical education curriculum system. Through the easy parts of the ankle injury hospital basketball general course on human investigation and analysis to explore, to try to find out the cause of the injury. Minimize and avoid the occurrence of general basketball course of injury in basketball, and provide scientific and theoretical basis of teaching, training and sports training.

  12. 浅议篮球初学阶段的基本战术训练%Analysis of Basic Basketball Tactical Training for the beginners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董海扬

    2016-01-01

    Basketball game features antagonism .It is helpful in improving students'physical quality and de‐veloping their characters of striving ,unity and coordination .The students need basic tactical training be‐sides basic skills training and physical quality improvement when they begin learning basketball game .The coach should base his defensive tactics on the opponents'particular strengths and weaknesses ,take a set of tactics as a core in the offense and mainly choose fast change tactic combining with concise playing style .%篮球是一个有身体直接接触、对抗性质的体育项目,可以全面提高学生身体素质,还可以培养学生勇于拼搏、团结协作的精神品质。学生在篮球初学阶段除了基本技术和身体素质的训练提高外,还需要进行基本的战术训练。篮球教练应根据对手的特点选择防守战术;在进攻中应以一套战术为核心;比赛中应以快为主,打法要简练。

  13. Rehabilitation and Return to Sport Following Surgical Repair of the Rectus Abdominis and Adductor Longus in a Professional Basketball Player: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Steven M; Anloague, Philip A; Strack, Donald S

    2016-08-01

    Study Design Case report. Background Acute traumatic avulsion of the rectus abdominis and adductor longus is rare. Chronic groin injuries, often falling under the athletic pubalgia spectrum, have been reported to be more common. There is limited evidence detailing the comprehensive rehabilitation and return to sport of an athlete following surgical or conservative treatment of avulsion injuries of the pubis or other sports-related groin pathologies. Case Description A 29-year-old National Basketball Association player sustained a contact injury during a professional basketball game. This case report describes a unique clinical situation specific to professional sport, in which a surgical repair of an avulsed rectus abdominis and adductor longus was combined with a multimodal impairment- and outcomes-based rehabilitation program. Outcomes The patient returned to in-season competition at 5 weeks postoperation. Objective measures were tracked throughout rehabilitation and compared to baseline assessments. Measures such as the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score and numeric pain-rating scale revealed progress beyond the minimal important difference. Discussion This case report details the clinical reasoning and evidence-informed interventions involved in the return to elite sport. Detailed programming and objective assessment may assist in achieving desired outcomes ahead of previously established timelines. Level of Evidence Therapy, level 4. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(8):697-706. Epub 3 Jul 2016. doi:10.2519/jospt.2016.6352.

  14. Ways of How to Develop Teamwork on the Basketball Training Class in College%高校篮球教学中团队精神的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪震

    2012-01-01

    篮球是高校普及最广的一项体育运动项目,本文通过对篮球团队精神的概念、意义以及作用阐释和分析,提出在篮球教学中,应加强渗透团队精神与合作能力培养,并针对当前教学状况提出培养团队精神的有效途径。通过篮球教学训练改革,让大学生形成一种寓竞争与协作于一体,凝聚力、战斗力不断提高、素质全面优良的团结协作的团队精神,为社会培养具有团队精神和合作能力的人才。%Basketball is one of the most popular sport in college, this paper will explain and analyze both the conception and the meaning of teamwork in basketball, advise the teacher pay attention to developing student's teamwork, and suggest some methods of how to cultivate teamwork By means of reformation on basketball training, college students will be fashioned into the person with ability roundly.

  15. Strengthen the Capacity of Young Basketball Backplayers%加强青少年篮球运动员的后卫能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宇民

    2011-01-01

    后卫是篮球运动中贯彻执行战略方案,鼓舞斗志,团结全队去夺取胜利必不可少的组织者和指挥者,是一个球队的核心,是教练的助手,对整个队伍具有举足轻重的作用,培养一支有能力称职的核心后卫是一支球队建设的重要组成部分。认为核心后卫的培养应从以下方面着手:做好篮球组织后卫饿选材工作;技术训练培养;战术能力培养;体能训练;心理训练等。%The guard is basketball implement strategic programs,encouraged by the morale,team unity is essential to the victory of the organizers and directors,is the core of a team,the coach's assistant,the entire team has a pivotal role to develop a capable defender is a competent core of an important part of team building.That core training should be back the following aspects: good basketball point guard hungry selection work;technical training culture;tactical capacity-building;physical training;psychological training.

  16. NBA 篮球比赛中战术心理的运用研究%Research on the Use of Psychological Tactics in NBA Basketball Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄隽; 刘讯

    2014-01-01

    研究以NBA篮球比赛录像为主要研究对象,运用文献资料法、录像分析法、访谈法等手段辅助研究,对NBA篮球比赛中教练员、核心球员和非核心球员运用战术心理的状况进行分析。发现在比赛中,不管是教练员、核心球员还是非核心球员,有效地运用战术心理手段对取得比赛胜利、完成比赛任务具有非常重要的作用。%With NBA basketball video as the main study object ,the paper analyses the using state of psychological tactics of the coaches ,the core players ,and non-core players in NBA basketball games by research means of literature ,video analysis ,inter-views ,etc .It is found that in the game ,regardless of the coach ,the core players or non-core players ,effective use of tactical psychological means plays an important role in the game .

  17. On the System of Basketball Practitioners' Occupational Skills Certificate%篮球从业人员职业技能证书制度探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康佑萍

    2012-01-01

    Vocational skills certification system valid specification sports practitioners job market,to enlarge the value and role of sports practitioners and thus improve the vocational skills certification system,to promote the development of the sport of occupational skills certification system.This article analyzes and discusses only through this special basketball,and contribute to the basketball of occupational skills certification system in order to establish a sound.%职业技能证书制度能够有效地规范体育从业人员就业市场,放大体育从业人员的价值和作用,从而健全职业技能资格认证制度,促进体育从业人员职业技能认证制度的发展。本文仅通过篮球这一专项进行分析探讨,以期为篮球从业人员职业技能认证制度的建立健全作出贡献。

  18. The application of the game of basketball teaching%游戏法在篮球教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢桂兵

    2014-01-01

    采用“游戏法”的教学手段进行教学可以提高学生的体育兴趣,有利于提高教学效力。但在篮球课教学中常常被演边为枯燥、单调的技能训练。通过分析体育游戏在课堂教学、学生生理、心理等方面的作用,充分利用体育游戏调动学生学习的积极性,对学生掌握动作要领起到积极作用,提高篮球课的教学效果。%The game teaching means teaching can improve students' interest in sports, will help improve teaching effectiveness. But often been played in the basketball teaching side of boring, monotonous skills training. By analyzing the role of sports games in the classroom teaching, students' physical, psychological, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of students to use sport games, to play an active role in the students to master the action essentials, basketball Teaching Effects.

  19. The Causes and Prevention of Injuries in Basketball Teaching%篮球教学中产生损伤的原因及预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李港水

    2014-01-01

    By using the methods of literature, questionnaire and interview, the positions and causes of sports injuries of college students in basketball teaching were investigated and analyzed in this paper. Corresponding prevention measures were proposed, including careful preparation activities, enhancing self-protection awareness, rational load arrangement, and establishing recovery means suitable for exercise load, hoping to reduce injuries to the largest extent and further improve students' interest in basketball as well as their learning effect.%本文采用文献资料和问卷调查及走访谈话的方法,对学院的学生在篮球课程教学中运动损伤产生的部位、原因进行调查分析。提出相应的预防对策,认真做好准备活动、增强自我保护意识、合理的负荷安排、建立与练习负荷相适应的恢复手段,期望能最大限度地减少损伤,并进一步提高学生对篮球的兴趣及学习效果。

  20. 篮球教学比赛中学生自信心培养%Students' Self-confidence Training in Basketball Teaching Competition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张才超; 周开城

    2012-01-01

    With the popularity of basketball,this project has been liked by more and more students,due to the high intensity of the confrontation,and the defects of the students in the sport will inevitably lead to "fight shy" phenomenon,the paper analyzed main reason for students' lack of confidence in the basketball game,and offered effective countermeasures to help students develop the self-confidence in the game.%随着现代篮球运动的普及,这一项目受到越来越多的学生喜爱,由于高强度的对抗以及学生自身的缺陷在这项运动中难免出现"怯战"的现象。本文通过对学生在篮球比赛中缺乏自信心的主要原因进行剖析,提出帮助学生培养比赛自信的有效对策。

  1. 人类上肢的意义:篮球在中国的传播学释义%The Significance of Human Upper Limb:The Communication Interpretation of Basketball in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路云亭

    2014-01-01

    篮球在中国享有崇高地位。篮球由宗教组织传入中国,这种传播方式决定了篮球和中国的独特联系,并使其具备了精神隐喻与文化象征的意味。篮球的独立性价值主要体现在人类直立行走后推崇上肢与手掌的潜能层面。篮球由宗教组织传入中国的传播模式给中国的篮球运动植入很深刻的宗教学、道德律以及超体育的文化因素,而中国首届全国运动会中学生篮球队的主体地位决定了篮球和中国近代大学的特殊关系。以美职篮为代表的美国篮球文化在延续篮球的宗教性的同时,还植入了个性主义、社会表演以及后现代的精神价值。篮球与大多数体育项目一样,具有消解意识形态、消弭种族隔阂、弘扬原始主义价值观以及崇尚人类游戏精神的品质。以美职篮篮球文化为代表的篮球运动始终体现出一种进化性、宗教性和现代性内涵。%Basketball has the lofty status in the China and it entered China by a religious organization .The mode of transmission de-termines the unique connection between basketball and China and the basketball has a spiritual metaphor and culture symbol mean-ing .The value of basketball is mainly reflected in the human upper limbs hands after walking upright .The communication mode of basketball by religious organizations has implanted profound religious ,moral law as well as the super sports culture model .The First National Games of China invited the school basketball team and it determines the special relationship between basketball and Chinese modern university .The America basketball culture as the NBA continuated the religious spirit ,individualism ,social performance and the postmodern spirit value .Basketball like most sports events has the cultural function of ideology digestion and eliminating racial barriers .It promotes the original values and advocate the game spirit of humanbeing .The basketball movement as

  2. Research on the Defense of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in Beijing Olympic Games%对北京奥运会男子篮球比赛中国队防守的分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞艳芬

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料法、观察统计法、对比分析法等研究方法,对北京奥运会我国男篮与竞赛对手及前四名队防守技战术指标进行对比分析。研究结果表明:中国男篮在防守上存在攻防转换节奏慢、快攻和内线失分较多、篮板球不占优势、抢断等指标与竞赛对手及前四名队差异具显著性,防守缺乏攻击性、轮转换位不及时、身体对抗能力差、整体协同防守配合能力不足。%The paper conducted a competitive analysis on the ability of defense between Chinese men's basketball team and its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams in Beijing Olympic Games adopted the methods of documentary analysis, observation and technical statistics and competitive analysis. There are some questions comparative with its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams: the alternate rhythm of attacking and defense is slow, the lost score of fast breaking and inside is more than its competitive teams and the top four men's basketball teams, rebounds is not superior to contrast groups, steals is lack of contrast groups apparently, aggressive defense is inadequate, and changing position ist timely, Chinese men's basketball team cannot adapt the higher level defensive antagonism, overall coordination ability of defense is weak.

  3. 论体工队男子篮球运动员攻防转换意识的培养%Discussion of the men's basketball sports team offense and defense conversion conscious athletes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈小勇

    2014-01-01

    篮球作为一项集体性的比赛项目,不仅对篮球运动员的身体素质和操作水平有要求,还需要运动员有一定的针对比赛形势采取及时的行动和对策的能力还需要团结协作赢得比赛。随着现代篮球运动的发展,篮球这项运动的规则不断完善,对于攻防转换速度和团队合作有着更高的要求,这无疑是在要求运动员的素质在不断的提高。文章针对体工队男子篮球运动的基本情况,对其如何在各项训练中提高攻防转换意识,增强运动机能进行研究探讨。%Basketball game as a collective project not only for the physical and operational level basketball players are required but also need to have some ability for the game situation and take timely action measures unity to win the game. With the development of modern basketball, the rules of the sport of basketball continue to improve. For the offense and defense conversion speed and teamwork have higher requirements. This is undoubtedly the requirements of quality athletes in the continuous improvement .This article basic conditions of the men's basketball sports team;discuss how to raise awareness of its possessions in the training, and enhance motor function.

  4. Research on Effective Route of Promoting Teaching Quality of Basketball Elective Course in Higher Vocational Colleges%提升高职院校篮球选修课教学质量的有效途径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐莺

    2012-01-01

    As elective course, basketball teaching curriculum in higher vocational colleges has not been given due attention for a long time. Teaching work as a mere formality happens, and the corresponding teaching evaluation system has not been perfect. It is more common situation to play basketball just playing basketball. Under the background of State Education Commission for active implementation of quality education, the basketball teaching quality in higher vocational colleges needs to be improved. This paper, from the existing problems of basketball curriculum teaching, makes discussion on method and route of improving teaching quality.%高职院校中的篮球教学课程作为选修课,长期以来一直未得到应有的重视,教学工作中走过场的情况时有发生,相应的教学评估系统也没有得到完善,上篮球课等于玩篮球的情况比较常见。在国家教委积极推行素质教育的大背景下,高职院校中的篮球教学质量也亟须提高。本文从高职院校篮球课程教学中存在的问题入手,对提高其教学质量的途径和方法进行简单的探讨。

  5. 基于篮球运动的女大学生抑郁心理干预研究%Psychological Intervention in Depression of Female College Students Based on Basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅; 刘晓军

    2012-01-01

    32 female college students in depression are in the test group and control group, and the control group were trained basketball basic skills and went through the intervention activities for 12 weeks to research on the affect of school basketball activities on students' depression. The result shows : after intervention, depression scores of female college students in test group decreased significantly ( P ~〈 0.01 ) than that in the control group ( P ~〈 0.05). Basketball teaching has a good intervention in the depression of female college students, based on teaching basic basketball skills and having basketball competition.%以32名存在抑郁心境状态的女大学生为研究对象,随机分为实验组和对照组,对实验组进行为期12周的篮球基本技战术教学和竞赛活动的心理干预,研究学校篮球教学对抑郁心理的影响效果.结果显示:经过干预后,实验组女大学生的抑郁因子得分显著下降(P≤O.01),比对照组女大学生的抑郁得分显著性降低(P≤0.05).研究结论得出,基于篮球基本技战术和教学竞赛的篮球教学活动对女大学生的抑郁情绪有良好的干预效果.

  6. 内蒙古高校男子篮球运动员体型特征分析%Study on the Somatotype of Male Basketball Players of the Universities and Colleges in Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉玲; 高娃; 张磊; 张玉柱; 陈琛; 傅媛; 西吉利

    2011-01-01

    The Heath-Carter somatotyping method was used to study the somatotype of 101 male specialized basketball players of Inner Mongolia. The results are as follows: The mean somatotype value of the male basketball players is 2. 7-4. 5-2. 8. There are no significant differences in the somatotypes between groups in different position in the game of Inner Mongolia. Compared with athletes of other male sports in China,the somatotype of male basketball athletes is featured by well-developed muscles and skeletons,and low subcutaneous fat,which accord with the needs of basketball players. However,there still is a larger gap for the male specialized basketball players in Inner Mongolia compared with the professional elites from all over the countries.%运用Heath-Carter人体测量体型法,对内蒙古高校101名男子篮球运动员进行体型分析.结果显示:内蒙古高校男子篮球运动员的平均体型值为2.7-4.5-2.8,属于均衡的中胚层体型;前锋、中锋和后卫的体型特征无明显差异.与我国其他男子项目优秀运动员相比.内蒙古高校男子篮球运动员的体型符合篮球运动所要求的身材高大、骨骼肌肉发达、线性度较好的特点,但其体型特征与“理想体型”还有较大差距.

  7. Hunan Province College Women's Basketball Athletes’ Physical Training Present Situation and Analysis%湖南省大学生女子篮球运动员体能训练现状与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗艳

    2013-01-01

    篮球体能是一种完成,实现技战术或比赛的身体能力。体能训练的具体作用体现在以下诸方面:充分发展身体素质,保证有机体适应大负荷训练和比赛的需要有利于掌握复杂、先进的技术和战术,预防伤病,延长运动寿命。分析湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练现状,并分析影响湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练的因素,制定出适合湖南省大学生女子篮球队体能训练自身特点的体能训练计划,为最终改善湖南省大学生女子篮球体能训练的质量提供合理化建议。%Basketball is a complete physical, realize the tactics or match physical skills. Physical stamina training of the specific function reflects in the following aspects:full body quality, ensure organisms to adapt to the big load training and games need helps to grasp complex, advanced technology and tactics prevent injuries, prolong service life movement. Analysis of the college students in Hunan province women's basketball physical training in present situation, and Hunan province of analysis on college students' women's basketball physical stamina training factors, work out the suitable for college students in Hunan province women's basketball team physical stamina training their own characteristics of physical training plan, which improve college students in Hunan province women's basketball physical stamina training quality provide rational Suggestions.

  8. An Investigation in Zhanjiang Finance & Trade School about Students' Basketball Sports Injury%湛江财贸学校学生篮球运动导致运动性损伤的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨阳

    2012-01-01

    篮球运动具有强烈的对抗性、激烈的竞争性和直接身体接触,这使得篮球运动存在较多的运动损伤危险。在运动中要注意造成损伤的原因,掌握一定的篮球运动损伤发生规律,最大限度地减少或避免运动损伤,以保证正常地进行篮球运动项目的学习。本文采用文献法,数理统计法和问卷调查法对湛江财贸学校学生篮球运动产生运动过程中损伤的原因进行了研究分析。研究结果表明,准备活动不充分是造成运动损伤的主要原因,并提出相应的预防措施以及运动损伤处理。%Basketball has fierce competition and direct physical contact, this makes the basketball existence more dangerous sports injury. In sports should pay attention to the cause of damage and to be basketball sports injury occurrence regularity, minimize or avoid sports injury, to ensure normal to basketball program. This paper adopts literature method, mathematical statistics method and a questionnaire survey Zhanjiang Finance & Trade School students of basketball sports injury reason produced are analyzed. The results of the study show that, ready to activity does not fully is the main reason for the damage caused by movement, and put forward the corresponding prevention measures and sports injury treatment.

  9. A Comparative Analysis on the Cardiopulmonary Function of Basketball,Handball and Football players%篮球、手球、足球运动员心肺机能的比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴园园; 柏友萍; 张晶; 许晓东

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses the AZN-E30 cardiac function detector,MINATO and AS-505 pulmonary function detector to determine the basketball,handball,football athletes' cardiac dynamics and pulmonary ventilation directly,compares and analyzes the data.These statistics indicate that the heart rate,blood pressure,spray blood impedance,energy,vital capacity and every minute ventilation in group basketball,handball,football were compared and have the significantly differences(P0.01);Results levels of the heart beat index in group basketball were significantly higher than that in group football(P0.05),levels of the forced vital capacity in group basketball and handball have the differences(P0.05).Compared with the handball group and football group in the resting heart rate,in the systolic blood pressure of the group basketball players was significantly decreased,but in the diastolic blood pressure,the group basketball was lower than the group handball and higher than the group football;In heart beat index,the basketball group holds certain advantages for the handball group and football group;The vital capacity of handball group was higher than the basketball group and football group,the vital capacity of basketball group was minimum.%采用AZN-E30型心功能检测仪和MINATO,AS-505型肺功能仪对篮球、手球、足球运动员心脏动力学和肺通气量参数进行测定,并对测定数据进行比较分析。结果表明:篮球组、手球组、足球组心率、血压、喷血阻抗、利能率、肺活量和每分钟通气量指标相比较存在明显差异(P〈0.01);篮球组与足球组的心搏指数存在差异(P〈0.05);篮球组与手球组的用力肺活量存在差异性(P〈0.05)。篮球组静息心率、收缩压低于手球组和足球组,但篮球组舒张压低于手球组而高于足球组;在心搏指数方面,篮球组相对手球组合足球组而已占有一定优势;手球组肺活量高于篮球组和足球组,篮球组肺活量最低。

  10. Determination of physical fitness profiles of female basketball players in the universities’ super league and associating the profiles with the body compositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Taş

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The object of the present study is to determine physical fitness profiles of female basketball players playing in the universities’ super league and to associate them with the body compositions.38 volunteer sportswomen 38 ( age: 21.06±1.46 years dealing with basketball were included in the study. Body mass index (BMI of each subject was calculated by dividing her body weight in kilogram by square of her height in meter. In determination of physical fitness, their body compositions, reaction times and anaerobic performances were assessed. Body fat percentage was calculated by Zorba formula and somatotype features were estimated by using Heath-Carter method. Vertical jumping test was used in anaerobic performance while La Fayette multi-option reaction time scale was employed to determine reaction. It was found that the subjects had endomorphic- ectomorphy (4.2-1.6-3.2 somatotype feature, normal body mass index (BMI (21.43±1.81, normal body fat percentage (FP (15.01±2.32, average anaerobic power (AP (88.30±13.06kgm.s-1;883.04±130.06N.ms-1=watt, relative anaerobic power (RAP (1.34±.96; 13.46±.9606N.ms-1=watt, average left visual reaction (205.68±31.53, right visual reaction (193.02±24.15, left audio reaction (180.73±24.11, right audio reaction (174.78±21.93. A significant correlation was found between the obtained FP and left visual reaction (r=.464; p<0.01 as well as left visual reaction and endomorph (r=.434; p<0.01 according to the conducted Pearson Multiplications’ Moment while any significant correlation was not seen between BMI and AP (r=.593; p<0.01. A significant correlation between fat-free body mass and AP (r=.895; p<0.01 was found while any significant correlation between mesomorph and AP (r=-.330; p<0.05 was not found. A similar correlation was found between ectomorph and AP (r=-.332; p<0.05.As a result, the findings of the study have indicated that female basketball players’ body mass indexes, fat-free body masses and

  11. The relationship between perceived coaching behaviors, goal orientation, team cohesion, perceived motivational climate ve collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turhan Toros

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} This paper aims to examine the perceived coaching behaviors, the goal orientation, the team cohesion, the perceived motivational climate and the relationship of the collective efficacy among basketball players before and after the tournament. In this research, the young male basketball players who played in the young male basketball teams in 2005-2006 league season and moreover, the ones who took parts in the teams participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. The only 12 teams(144 players of the total 16 teams who participated into the Turkish National Championship were included. In collecting the data, Leadership for Sport Scale-LSS, Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire-TEOSQ, Group Environment Questionnaire-GEQ, Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire- PMCSQ and Collective Efficacy Scale-CES were used. The data were calculated with The Analysis of the Descriptive Statistical Techiques, Partial, Part and Pearson Correlation Analysis. Results revealed significant relationship with task orientation and autocratic (r=.195;p<.05 social support (r=.664;p<.05 before the Turkish National Championship. revealed significant relationship with mastery climate and training

  12. 大学生篮球运动损伤的调查与分析%Analysis of the Injure of the College Students in the Basketball Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈世华; 黄佩蓓; 谢微

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨篮球运动损伤发生的一般规律,为指导教师和学生预防运动损伤提供科学依据。方法:采用文献资料和问卷调查等研究方法,对江西中医药大学学生参加篮球运动发生运动损伤的原因进行调查与分析。结果:学生篮球运动损伤主要集中在手指、踝关节及腰背部;损伤的原因主要有自我保护不足、准备活动不当、危险动作运用等。结论:在篮球教学训练、比赛过程中运动损伤会经常发生,为了尽量减少避免运动损伤的发生,教师和学生应了解常见损伤的发生原因,加强对易伤部位的预防。%Objective ] To discuss general regularities about injures which happen to college students in basketball games , to provide scientific foundation for prevention of sports injury to guide teachers and students.[ Methods ] Making a survey to the variety of reasons of injures occurring in basketball games in Jiangxi University of traditional Chinese medicine by the way of literature and questionnaire.[ Results ] The easiest injured part mainly is hand , ankle, waist and back.The mail causes are lack of proper self -protection , inadequate preparation , incorrect action , fail to follow the rules of game and so on.[ Conclu-sion] Teachers and students should master that different causes of injures in basketball and games , so as to avoid or reduce the occurrence of injury , take some effective precautions against those common injures.

  13. 篮球联合心理辅导对大一男生一般自我效能感的影响%Effects of Basketball in Alliance With Psychological Counseling on General Self -efficacy of Freshman Boys

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹珊珊; 康少春

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this essay is to discuss the effects of basketball with psychological counseling on general self -efficacy of freshman boys.And this essay takes 130 freshman boys of college selected basketball courses as objects,and the change of general self -efficacy of these boys is found through 12weeks’mutual influence of basketball training and psychological counseling.It can be found that:(1)The mutual influence of basketball training and psychological counseling on general self -efficacy is significant;(2)paired comparison index of this mutual influence is significantly higher than index of any single influence.The results are showed as follows:moderate intensity basketball training and psychological counseling is good for male freshmen to improve general self -efficacy;furthermore,the positive adjustment effect of this mutual influence is better than that of single basketball training or single psychological counseling.%目的:探讨中等强度的篮球训练和心理训练对大一男生一般自我效能感的影响。对象与方法:以大学篮球选项课中的130名大一男生为研究对象,通过篮球训练和心理辅导对其进行共同干预,最后测量被试者12周前后的一般自我效能感的变化。结果:(1)中等强度篮球训练联合心理干预对一般自我效能感的影响较为显著;(2)联合干预成对比较指标显著高于单一的心理辅导组或篮球运动组。结论:中等强度篮球训练联合心理辅导有益于大一男生提高其一般自我效能感,且积极调节效果显著优于单一的篮球运动或心理辅导。

  14. Application of Game Teaching Method in Specialized Course Teaching of College Basketball%比赛式教学法在高校篮球专业课教学中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢桂兵

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, in order to meet the needs of social development, universities have carried out the reform of physical education curriculum, but the effect is not good. Sports college basketball professional course is no exception, the survey of the teaching outline of basketball specialized course and the teacher interview found that the tactics of teaching is still the main contents of basketball specialized course, students' learning enthusiasm is not high, the teaching effect is not ideal. In view of this phenomenon, the game teaching method is applied to the sports professional college basketball specialized course in order to find out methods to improve teaching effect of basketball specialized course so as to improve the students' level of tactics and the students' physical quality objective, to achieve the goal of teaching basketball professional course requirements.%近年来,为了满足社会发展需求,各大高校纷纷对体育课程进行改革,但效果不佳。体育院系的篮球专业课也不例外,在对安徽省几所有体育专业的高校篮球专业课教学大纲调查和任课教师的访谈中发现,技战术的教学仍然是篮球专业课的主要内容,学生学习的积极性不高,教学效果不理想。针对这一现象,对有体育专业的院校篮球专业课运用比赛式教学法进行实验研究,旨在找出能提高篮球专业课教学效果的方法,从而提高学生技战术水平和学生身体素质的目的,使之达到篮球专业课教学目标的要求。

  15. The causes and prevention of physical injury in physical college basketball teaching and training%浅谈体育院校篮球教学训练中运动损伤的成因及预防

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗有智; 齐瑞儒; 肖斌

    2015-01-01

    篮球运动作为目前参与人数最多的种运动项目,也是学生最喜爱的运动项目之一。然而,由于篮球的不断发展,篮球运动中的竞争性,对抗性也日益增强,参与者逐渐需要在身体接触甚至是身体对抗中才能完成各项技术动作,很大程度上导致了运动损伤率的大幅度提升,给学生的身心带来不可忽略的影响。因而,如何有效预防篮球教学训练中的运动损伤的发生,已成为摆在相关体育教育者面前的一道重要课题。本文首先就体育院校篮球教学训练中运动损伤的成因作了简要分析,然后提出了篮球运动损伤的预防措施,希望能给实际教育工作带来一定的指导作用,最大限度的降低运动损伤出现的几率,保障学生的身心健康。%The basketball sport has the largest number of people to participate, is one of the students' favorite sports. However, due to the continuous development of basketball, the competitive basketball, antagonism is also growing, the participants need to gradually in the physical contact and even the body fight to finish the technical movements, largely led to significantly enhance the rate of sports injury, bring the students' physical and mental effects that cannot be ignored. Therefore, how to effectively prevent the occurrence of physical injury in basketball teaching and training, has become an important topic in front of the related physical educators. This paper first analyzes the causes of the physical injury in basketball teaching and training, and then put forward prevention measures for basketball physical injury, hope can bring certain guidance function to the actual education work, maximum limit reduce the chances of getting physical injuries, guarantee the students' physical and mental health.

  16. 大学生篮球队凝聚力影响机制研究%Study on Influencing Mechanism of University Basketball Team Cohesion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范影影; 陈开梅; 孙培全

    2015-01-01

    目的:团队凝聚力的影响因素是多样的、复杂的,为了探讨团队凝聚力的后件变量的贡献度。方法:采用相关分析和多元线性回归分析对参加2014年空军勤务学院的篮球选修课的100名在校大学生进行分析。结果:(1)大学生篮球队凝聚力的认同度为:群体任务吸引、群体任务一致性、群体社交吸引和群体社交一致性;大学生篮球队凝聚力的影响因素的认同度为:教练员的素质、运动员个性特征、人际关系、运动队内部特征和外界激励。(2)教练员素质因素解释量为42.8%、运动员个性特征20.2%、人际关系10.3%、运动队内部特征8.4%、外界激励6.2%。结论:大学生篮球队凝聚力的养成和培养不仅受到主观因素的制约,还要受到客观因素的制约。%As factors influencing team cohesion are various and complex,the paper is intended to explore to what degree does the variants contribute to team cohesion.The study is carried out by adopting correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression analysis to analyze 100 college students in basketball selective course in 2014 of Air Force Logistics College.The results are identification of the university basketball team cohesion includes group task attraction,group task consistency,group social communication attraction and group social communication consistency;influencing factors of identification of university basketball team cohesion are:coaches’quality, athletes’personal character,interpersonal relationship,internal characteristics and external stimulus of sports team;explained quantity of the four are 42.8%,20.2%,10.3%,8.4% and 6.2% respectively.The paper concludes that the forming and cultivation of university basketball team cohesion are restricted not only by subjective factors,but also by objective factors.

  17. 学生篮球中锋具备的能力分析%Analysis of Students’ Ability of Basketball Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周贵祥

    2014-01-01

    The basketball center needs to be versatile, not only to have the skill for scoring, but also need to create conditions for the team, scoring teammates. The defense also can become the team the last barrier, in addition to defending your team members, also need to help the team to be fill.%篮球中锋需要多才多艺,不仅要有足够的技巧用于进攻得分,还需要配合队友,为队友创造得分条件。防守时还要能成为球队最后的屏障,除了防好自己盯防的队员还需要帮助队友补位。

  18. 体育院校篮球裁判CAI课件的研制%Development of sports college basketball referee CAI courseware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮长庆

    2014-01-01

    随着社会经济的不断发展进步,多媒体、网络等技术也得到了迅速普及。在体育院校篮球裁判教学中中应用CAI课件也成为潮流趋势。CAI课件作为一种辅助教学手段,集图像、动画、声音以及文本为一体。%With the development of society economy, multimedia,network technology has been the rapid popularization.Application of CAI courseware in the basketball referee teaching in the sports colleges and universities has become a trend. CAI courseware as an auxiliary means of teaching,image,animation,sound and text as a whole.

  19. Monitoring training load, recovery-stress state, immune-endocrine responses, and physical performance in elite female basketball players during a periodized training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, João A; Moreira, Alexandre; Crewther, Blair T; Nosaka, Ken; Viveiros, Luis; Aoki, Marcelo S

    2014-10-01

    This study investigated the effect of a periodized training program on internal training load (ITL), recovery-stress state, immune-endocrine responses, and physical performance in 19 elite female basketball players. The participants were monitored across a 12-week period before an international championship, which included 2 overloading and tapering phases. The first overloading phase (fourth to sixth week) was followed by a 1-week tapering, and the second overloading phase (eighth to 10th week) was followed by a 2-week tapering. ITL (session rating of perceived exertion method) and recovery-stress state (RESTQ-76 Sport questionnaire) were assessed weekly and bi-weekly, respectively. Pretraining and posttraining assessments included measures of salivary IgA, testosterone and cortisol concentrations, strength, jumping power, running endurance, and agility. Internal training load increased across all weeks from 2 to 11 (p ≤ 0.05). After the first tapering period (week 7), a further increase in ITL was observed during the second overloading phase (p ≤ 0.05). After the second tapering period, a decrease in ITL was detected (p ≤ 0.05). A disturbance in athlete stress-recovery state was noted during the second overloading period (p ≤ 0.05), before returning to baseline level in end of the second tapering period. The training program led to significant improvements in the physical performance parameters evaluated. The salivary measures did not change despite the fluctuations in ITL. In conclusion, a periodized training program evoked changes in ITL in elite female basketball players, which appeared to influence their recovery-stress state. The training plan was effective in preparing participants for competition, as indicated by improvements in recovery-stress state and physical performance after tapering.

  20. Development of Expertise in Spanish Elite Basketball Coaches.(El desarrollo de la pericia en los entrenadores españoles expertos en baloncesto.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Jiménez Sáiz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe present study was designed to address two issues: first, to identify the different development stages that eight expert Spanish basketball coaches go through; and second, to determine the possible factors that have contributed to the formative or training, process of the expert coach. Qualitative data were gathered in semi-structured interviews. The coaches worked with the men’s first Spanish Basketball League (“ACB” league or the Spanish national selection. Our findings reveal four stages in the coach development process. These stages were the consequence mainly of a gradual progression in thinking and reflective practice that enabled the coach to optimize the necessary skills for high performance. In addition, all the coaches interviewed reflected an intense dedication and commitment over many years to their work, as well as an ongoing quest for improvement.ResumenEl presente estudio fue diseñado para hacer frente a dos cuestiones: en primer lugar, identificar las diferentes etapas formativas de ocho entrenadores expertos en baloncesto, y en segundo lugar, determinar los posibles factores que han contribuido a la formación del entrenador experto. La metodología utilizada es la cualitativa y la técnica de recogida de datos fue la entrevista semiestructurada. Los entrenadores entrevistados pertenecían a la liga ACB o a la selección nacional española. Nuestros resultados ponen de manifiesto cuatro etapas en el desarrollo de su pericia. Estas etapas son consecuencia principalmente de un desarrollo de su conocimiento, así como de una profunda reflexión práctica que permitió al entrenador optimizar las habilidades necesarias para trabajar en el alto rendimiento. Además, todos los entrenadores reflejan una intensa dedicación y compromiso durante muchos años hacia su trabajo, así como una búsqueda constante por mejorar.

  1. 现代篮球运动员快速力量训练辨析%Analysis on Speed-Strength Training for Modern Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔德刚

    2011-01-01

    Speed-strength training for basketball players does not just refer to the explosive training. Speed-strength trainingsuch as dnamic force, reaction force and so on also has significant influence on the basketball players. Maximum strength training method, "Olympic lifting" training method, "Ballistic" training method and "Plyometrics" training method have some different effects on improving the strength of the athletes, but the focus on each speed-training is different and the appropriate and targeted training methods are chosen according to the athletes' real condition in speed-training.%篮球运动员的快速力量训练不仅仅是指爆发力训练,篮球运动员的起动力、反应力等快速力量对篮球运动员的竞技能力也有着非常重要的影响。最大力量训练法、"Olympic lifting"训练法、"Ballistic"训练法、"Plyometrics"训练法对提高运动员不同形式的快速力量都有一定的作用,但侧重提高的具体快速力量不同,在训练中要根据运动员快速力量的实际情况,选择适宜的训练方法进行有针对性的训练。

  2. 论篮球运动中团队意志品质的培养%On the Cultivation of Teamwork Spirit in Basketball Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鹏

    2016-01-01

    After entering the new century, basketball has become a sport paying more attention to teamwork spirit, as one player's ability is limited and only through cooperation can the whole team win a game. With mutual trust, understanding, encouragement and learning based on close cooperation, a positive and powerful basketball team will form and make progress continuously. Therefore, not only is the cultivation of each team member's quality important, but the cultivation of teamwork spirit should also be attached to much importance.%进入到21世纪的篮球运动是一项更为注重团队性的运动。然而,一个人的力量是有限的,而篮球是一个团队运动项目,必须通过配合才能达到目的。一根筷子易折断,十根筷子不易断就说明了这样一个道理。团队的队员之间只有相互信任、相互配合、相互理解、相互鼓励、相互知道、相互学习,才能建设一支具有凝聚力、向上力、战斗力和实力的球队,只有这样,团队才会不断进步、不断发展、不断壮大。因此对于篮球意志品质的培养不单是要培养运动员自身的素质,更是要注重篮球队的团队性的培养。

  3. Effects of DHA-rich fish oil supplementation on the lipid profile, markers of muscle damage, and neutrophil function in wheelchair basketball athletes before and after acute exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Camila Garcia; Santos, Vinicius Coneglian; Levada-Pires, Adriana Cristina; Jacintho, Thiago Manzoni; Gorjão, Renata; Pithon-Curi, Tânia Cristina; Cury-Boaventura, Maria Fernanda

    2015-06-01

    We investigated the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich fish oil (FO) supplementation on the lipid profile, levels of plasma inflammatory mediators, markers of muscle damage, and neutrophil function in wheelchair basketball players before and after acute exercise. We evaluated 8 male basketball wheelchair athletes before and after acute exercise both prior to (S0) and following (S1) FO supplementation. The subjects were supplemented with 3 g of FO daily for 30 days. The following components were measured: the plasma lipid profile (total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides), plasma inflammatory mediators (C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1ra, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α), markers of muscle damage (creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)), and neutrophil function (cytokine production, phagocytic capacity, loss of membrane integrity, mitochondrial membrane potential, neutral lipid accumulation, phosphatidylserine externalization, DNA fragmentation, and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS)). Acute exercise increased the plasma levels of total cholesterol, LDH, IL1ra, and IL-6, led to the loss of membrane integrity, ROS production, and a high mitochondrial membrane potential in neutrophils, and reduced the phagocytic capacity and IL-6 production by the neutrophils (S0). However, supplementation prevented the increases in the plasma levels of LDH and IL-6, the loss of membrane integrity, and the alterations in ROS production and mitochondrial membrane potential in the neutrophils that were induced by exercise (S1). In conclusion, DHA-rich FO supplementation reduces the markers of muscle damage, inflammatory disturbances, and neutrophil death induced by acute exercise in wheelchair athletes.

  4. 我国篮球后备人才培养发展对策研究%Research on Strategies for the Cultivation of Chinese Basketball Reserve Talents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘守旺

    2015-01-01

    研究认为,2014年中国男篮亚运赛场的表现,在技术运用、身体对抗、心理抗压、自我调节以及阅读掌控比赛等能力上,与优秀篮球运动员存在明显差距,反映出我国篮球后备人才培养存在的问题。分析了问题产生的根源,提出了篮球后备人才培养发展的如下对策:推进体教结合,提升基层教练员的知识和能力结构;严格青训制度的管理、指导与监督,实现青少年各级联赛常态化;完善后备人才流动机制,为后备人才成长提供更多历练平台。%According to the performance of the Chinese Men’s Team in the Asian Games,this paper reveals the deficiencies of the Chinese basketball players in terms of application of strategies,physical confrontation,stress endurance,self -adjustment and overall control of the game compared with outstanding ones in other Asian coun-tries.The paper analyses the causes of the problems mentioned above and demonstrates such countermeasures for the cultivation of basketball reserve talents as combining physical training with knowledge teaching,improving the knowledge and skills of coaches,strengthening regulation,guidance and supervision of teenager trainings,regulari-zing league matches for teenager players at all levels,perfecting the mechanism of reserve talents mobility and pro-viding more platforms for them.

  5. the Role of Introducing Outward Bound to College Basketball Elective Course in Improving Students' Basketball Consciousness%浅谈高校篮球选修课引入拓展训练对大学生篮球意识的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和卫宾; 黄华生

    2015-01-01

    Outward bound is an activity full of enthusiasm and interesting which can enhance and improve people’s psychological quality and physical quality through inner real experience. Introducing outward bound model into basketball elective course can increase the class interesting, at the same time will improve the students' psychological quality, improve the college students' basketball consciousness.%高校篮球选修课教学依旧存在重篮球技战术训练,轻篮球意识和理论学习,因此高校篮球选修课大学生篮球意识存在各种问题。拓展训练是一项通过人们内心真实体验,来提高和改善人们心理素质和身体素质,同时充满积极性和趣味性的活动。篮球选修课中篮球意识教学引入拓展训练教学模式可增加课堂趣味性,同时能改善学生心理素质,提高大学生篮球意识。

  6. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attene, Giuseppe; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T; Bragazzi, Nicola L; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Pizzolato, Fabio; Zagatto, Alessandro M; Dal Pupo, Juliano; Oggianu, Marcello; Migliaccio, Gian M; Mannucci Pacini, Elena; Padulo, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 5-week training program, consisting of repeated 30-m sprints, on two repeated sprint ability (RSA) test formats: one with one change of direction (RSA) and the other with multiple changes of direction (RSM). Thirty-six young male and female basketball players (age 16.1 ± 0.9 years), divided into two experimental groups, were tested for RSA, RSM, squat jump, counter-movement jump, and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery-Level-1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test, before and after a 4-week training program and 1 week of tapering. One group performed 30-m sprints with one change of direction (RSA group, RSAG), whereas the other group performed multidirectional 30-m sprints (RSM group, RSMG). Both groups improved in all scores in the post-intervention measurements (P basketball players, but have a different psycho-physiological impact.

  7. 高职院校篮球训练队团体凝聚力培养对策研究%Research on the Cultivation of Group Cohesion in Bas-ketball Teams of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗军

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, from the characteristics of higher voca-tional colleges and training of basketball players, based on analy-sis of influencing factors on group cohesion, and discusses how to enhance the ways and methods of group cohesion. The way to de-velop community cohesion, thereby enhancing the overall strength of the school basketball team.%  本文从高职院校篮球训练队及运动员的特点出发,在深入分析影响团体凝聚力的因素的基础上,探讨如何增强群体凝聚力的途径与方法。提出培养团体凝聚力的途径,从而增强学校篮球训练队的整体实力。

  8. Basketball referees in on the spot hold in cutting using body language research%篮球裁判员在临场执裁中运用身体语言的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱红武

    2012-01-01

    According to the theory of body language, it is one of the important basketball game communication way, but also points out that basketball referee, using body language regulation game, is to the game, the lan- guage, the whistle gestures necessary complement, is make the race to smooth, smooth effective means.%根据身体语言的理论,它是篮球比赛申的一种重要交流方式,同时指出篮球裁判员运用身体语言调控比赛,是对比赛中哨声、语言、手势的必要补充,是使比赛得以流畅、顺利进行的有效手段。

  9. 体育游戏教学对中学生篮球学习效果的影响%The effect of sports game teaching on basketball learning results of middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛邦宇

    2013-01-01

      在中学生篮球体育教学中,学生的学习效果不是很理想。本文通过对中学生生理、心理以及情绪等方面进行分析,对如何提高中学篮球教学的教学效果做了简单的归纳和总结。%  In the middle school basketball teaching, students' learning effect is not very ideal. In this paper, through the analysis of the middle school students’ physiology, psychology, and emotion to do a simple summary on how to improve the middle school basketball teaching.

  10. Reasons and Countermeasures to Deal With Court Violence in the Basketball Games%职业篮球比赛中球场暴力成因及预防对策探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩; 沈时明

    2012-01-01

    通过对职业篮球运动员球场暴力根本原因进行分析,能够准确、全面地使我们认识和理解球场暴力这一社会现象,并为国内以及国际顶级赛场的球场暴力现象提供解决方法和对策。%An analysis of the reasons of court violence appeared for the professional basketball player was made in this thesis,which makes us understand more about the phenomenon and get us to figure out more effective solutions and countermeasures to deal with the court violence in domestic and international basketball competition.

  11. Research on Ankle-joint Injury of Basketball Fans in Baoji University of Arts and Sciences%宝鸡文理学院篮球运动爱好者踝关节损伤的浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏俊民

    2011-01-01

    本文通过问卷调查的方式,对宝鸡文理学院91名学生篮球爱好者在篮球运动中踝关节损伤的原因及性质进行调查分析,提出合理的预防措施,以便减少篮球爱好者在篮球运动中踝关节的损伤的概率.%Through the questionnaire survey, the paper investigates and analyzes ankle-joint injury reason and nature to 91 fans of Baoji University of Arts and Sciences in basketball, advances reasonablely preventive measures, to ruduce ankle-joint injury probability in basketball.

  12. 盐城师范学院实施篮球俱乐部教学模式理论分析%Theoretical Analysis on the Mode of Basketball Club Teaching in Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马茂森

    2015-01-01

    Using the methods of literature, mathematical statistics, the paper studies the present situations of the public sports basketball course in colleges, the theory and teaching mode of basketball clubs. The main conclusions are: basketball course is one of the favorite physical education curriculum of the students in colleges, and most of them are boys; the department of public sports teachers serious shortage of personnel, teachers are not special posts, the public teaching is heavy and interlocking; basketball club teaching the most advantage of mode is the integration inside and outside class, it is under the guidance of quality education and health first thought, it came into being the role of the social, school, family.%文章采用文献资料法、数理统计法等,对盐城师范学院公共体育篮球课程现状、篮球俱乐部的教学模式及理论进行分析。主要结论有:篮球课程是盐城师范学院学生最受喜爱的体育课程之一,且大多数为男生;公共体育部教师人员严重不足,专项教师不能定岗,公体教学呈现繁重性和交错性;篮球俱乐部教学最具优势的是课内外一体化的俱乐部教学模式,它是在素质教育和健康第一思想指导下,社会、学校、家庭三者的作用下应运而生的产物。

  13. 基于APAS影像分析的篮球中距离跳投技术分析研究%Technique Analysis of Basketball Mid Distance Jump Shot Based on APAS Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊六东; 丁洪福

    2011-01-01

    跳投是现代篮球用的最多的投篮方式,本研究用摄影机以6 0 HZ抓取中国矿业大学男子篮球队参加过2005-2009年CUBA比赛中司职前锋及后卫的10名队员为研究对象,实验利用队员在罚球线位置做中距离跳投影像为基础,通过ArielPerformance Analysis System(APAS)进行2 D动作分析,并对收集的各分期占动作时间比例、球离手时机、球离手角度与命中率等运动学参数以叙述统计、单因子变异数分析、皮尔逊积差相关进行了统计分析,研究结论为篮球中距离跳投技术的训练与研究打下了一定基础。%Jumper shot is the most widely shooting used by basketball players.Two-dimensional video techniques(6 0 HZ)were used to obtain images of basketball jump shots from free throw line(n=10),as performed by 10 players of China University of Mining men's basketball team participated in the 2005-2009 competition of the functional CUBA striker and defender.The collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and person product-moment correlation.A mid-range jump shot basketball skills training and research laid has come to conclusion.

  14. Research on Strength and Conditioning Training Characteristics of National Women’s Basketball Team%中国国家女子篮球队体能训练特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘志国; 李元伟

    2016-01-01

    Strength and conditioning training is the shortcoming of competitive basketball in chi‐na .In this study ,we use the method of literature review ,investigation ,and expert interview to research the practical experiences of senior American basketball coach AL Biancani who had ex‐perienced in national women’ s basketball team ,and systematically make the following four characteristics :strength dominated is the fundamental characteristics of national women’s bas‐ketball team strength and conditioning training ;speed and skill optimal training is the striking features of national women’s basketball team strength and conditioning training ;putting psy‐chology training into strength and conditioning training is the important characteristics ;Empha‐sis on rehabilitation training is the basic features .%体能训练是我国竞技篮球的短板,基于此运用文献资料调研、田野调查、专家访谈深入研究美国资深篮球体能教练艾尔·比安卡尼的实践经验,系统总结出中国国家女子篮球队体能训练的4个特征:“力量主导”是国家女篮体能训练的根本特征;速度与技术的优化训练是国家女篮体能训练的显著特征;心理训练融入体能训练之中是国家女篮体能训练的重要特征;注重康复性体能训练是国家女篮体能训练的基本特征。

  15. 福建省少年篮球运动员的身体素质和技术现状%On the Physical Quality and Current Technological Situation of Teenage Basketball Player in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马黎磊

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims to make the current assessment and statistics about physical quality and technology for 168 men and women athletes who attended the junior group basketball championship in 2011,according to the projects and requirements of the National Teenage and Children Basketball Teaching Training Program promulgated in 2009 and through adopting the field test,the literature material,field interview methods.In the process of analyzing statistics,the author has found some problems and put forward some suggestions in order to make the overall level of teenage basketball sports so as to form a good pyramid in Fujian,make the level of the teenagers closer,make a more competitive situation appearing in each team,and convey good basketball reserve talents for the first-line and second-line teams and physical universities in our province.%为了了解福建省篮球后备人才的发展现状,采用现场测试的方法,对参加福建省2011年少年乙组篮球锦标赛的168名男女学生运动员,按国家体育总局2009年颁布的全国青少年儿童篮球教学训练大纲的标准进行身体素质和技术的测评。研究表明:福建省少年篮球运动员的技术动作、球感和速度差距明显;60 s多点移动投篮、20 s卧推、单脚起跳助跑摸高成绩不理想;无论是身体素质还是技术水平,福州女队明显高出其他球队。

  16. The Difference and Progress of China Man' s Basketball Team from the 16th World Championship%从第16届世锦赛看中国男篮的进步与差距

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴杰

    2012-01-01

    本文运用文献资料法,数理统计法,分析比较法对第16届男篮世锦赛中国男篮、八强国家以及上届世锦赛的数据进行了比较分析,结果显示:中国男篮在本届世锦赛上取得了很大的进步,但是和世界强队仍然存在一定的差距,本文提出:继续发扬拼搏努力的作风以及取长补短、发挥优势是中国男篮跻身世界强队的有效方式。%Through using the methods of literature and comparison and the mathematical statistics, this paper analyzed the difference between China and the top eight countries at thel6th world men's basketball championships and the last world championships. The result shows that Chinese men's basketball team has made great progress in the world championships, although there is still a gap between China and the top - ranked teams in the world. It is an effective way for Chinese men's basketball team to rankamong world's top teams by continuing to work hard, learning from each other and developing their own talents and advantages.

  17. The Influence of the Labor Relations on the Construction of Basketball Referee Team%劳动关系对篮球裁判员队伍建设的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈树东

    2015-01-01

    劳动关系是用人单位招用劳动者为其成员,劳动者在用人单位的管理下提供有报酬的劳动而产生的权利义务关系。篮球裁判员作为压力非常大的一种高危职业,劳动关系的确立对其队伍建设起着至关重要的作用。在篮球裁判员的队伍建设中应该根据马斯洛的需要层次理论,满足篮球裁判员的生理、安全、归属与爱、自尊和自我实现的需要,达到篮球裁判员高质量人才出现的目的。%Basketball referee is a high-risk occupation as the very large pressure, the establishment of the labor relationship plays a very important role in the construction of the team.The construction of the basketball referees team should be based on Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needs, meet the physiology, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self actualization needs of basketball referees, achieve the goal of create high quality talent in basketball referees.

  18. From 2015-2016 Season CBA Technical Differences of Chinese and Foreign Basketball Players%从2015-2016赛季CBA联赛看中外篮球运动员的技术差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王刚

    2016-01-01

    运用对比分析法、文献资料法、数理统计法对CBA2015—2016赛季篮球比赛本国球员与外国球员的技术指标作对比分析,找出差距。通过对比分析显示我国篮球篮球运动员的现状,找出造成两者之间技术水平差距的原因,为各球队在选材、训练方面提供参考。%Use the method of comparative analysis,literature,mathematical statistics method to the basketball game players and foreign players' technical indicators of CBA2015- 2016 season for comparison and analysis,and find out the gap.The comparative analysis will show the present situation of basketball basketball player in China,instruct us to find out the causes of the technology gap between two different teams and provide references for every team in the aspect of material selection and training.

  19. 自我暗示对篮球运动员疲劳恢复的相关性研究%Correlation Study of Self-suggestion on Recovery of Basketball Players Fatigue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱焱

    2014-01-01

    本文从篮球训练后的疲劳恢复角度入手,采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、实验法、对比分析法,采用心理学手段对篮球运动员运动后的疲劳进行恢复,并运用实验对其效果进行验证,得出在篮球运动员疲劳恢复阶段,适当加入自我暗示有利于篮球运动员的疲劳恢复。%From the angle of fatigue recovery after basketball training , through using the method of literature re-view, expert interview, experiment and comparative analysis , this paper analyzes the recovery of basketball play-ers fatigue by means of psychology , and verifies its effectiveness experiment .The result shows that during the bas-ketball players recovery , the introduction of self -suggestion is benefit to players ’ fatigue recovery .

  20. Comparative study on 3-point shot rate of Chinese male basketball team in Beijing Olympic Games%北京奥运会中国男篮3分球命中率比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光鼎

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature reviews,video observation,data statistics and comparative analysis,the article systematically summarizes the 3-point shot scores of Chinese male basketball team in the Man Basketball Match of the 29th Olympic Games,such as the scores of the whole team,the guards,the forwards,and the centers.The scores are compared and analyzed with those of the opponents.The aim of article is to find out the problems that lie in the development of the Chinese male basketball team.%采用文献资料法、录像观察法、数理统计法、比较分析法等对第29届奥运会男子篮球赛中国男篮的6场比赛中,中国男篮全队整体3分球得分;后卫3分球得分;前锋3分球得分;中锋3分球得分等进行全面系统地总结,并与对手的情况进行对比与分析,希望从中找出制约我国男子篮球队发展的问题.

  1. On the Knee Joint lnjury Common Mechanism and the Rehabilitation Physical Training of Basketball Athlete%篮球运动员膝关节常见损伤机制及康复性体能训练研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫华; 王鑫

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous development of basketball games, the high intensity of body confrontation occupies the important position in basketball matches, and intense physical confrontation also brings more sports injuries. Rehabilitation physical training can help athletes injury prevention, physical function and speed up the functional recovery after injury. This paper, by studying the basketball athlete common injury of lower limbs, weak link and mechanism, proposes the corresponding rehabilitation physical training.%随着篮球运动项目的不断发展,身体对抗在高强度的比赛中占据了重要的地位,而激烈的身体对抗也带来更多的运动损伤。康复性体能训练能够帮助运动员预防伤病,发展身体功能以及加快损伤后的功能恢复,文章通过研究篮球运动员下肢的常见损伤,薄弱环节和发生机制,提出相应的康复性体能训练。

  2. 高校体育专业学生篮球运动中踝关节损伤的调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Ankle Injuries in Basketball Sport of Professional Sports Students in University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李泽清

    2014-01-01

    踝关节损伤是篮球运动中常见的一种损伤。本文通过问卷调查对普通高校体育专业学生在篮球运动中踝关节损伤的类型、程度、原因等进行了调查,根据踝关节生理结构和篮球运动特点对损伤原因进行了研究,并对踝关节损伤的预防提出了合理的建议。%Ankle injury is one of the common phenomena in basketball sport .This paper investigates injury types, degree and causes of ankle in basketball sport of professional sports students of ordinary college through questionnaire .The injury reasons were studied according to the physiological structure of ankle and characteristics of basketball sport .And reasonable suggestions to prevent the ankle injuries are raised .

  3. 沈阳市6所大学篮球运动员运动损伤调查与分析%Investigation and analysis on sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左琦

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查、文献资料、访谈、数理统计等研究方法,对沈阳市6所大学篮球运动员运动损伤产生原因进行调查分析。并针对沈阳市篮球运动员易损伤部位,提出预防运动损伤的可行性建议。%By using the methods of documents, questionnaire, investigation interview and statistics, this paper investigation and analysis on the causes of sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang. The research shows that the main causes of sports injury of basketball players of 6 universities in Shenyang are uneven and slippery ground, the low air temperature in winter, unreasonable technical movement. According to the easy injury location of basketball players in Shenyang, this research provides feasible suggestions which are the preventions of Sports Injury.

  4. Contrastive Research on Offense Ability of Chinese Men's Basketball Team in the 25 th World University Games%第25届世界大学生运动会中国男篮进攻能力的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严春辉; 刘长江

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、专家访谈、数理统计等研究方法,对第25届世界大学生运动会中国男篮进攻能力进行比较研究。分析结果表明:中国男篮最高身高和世界强队最高身高相比有一定优势;个人防守能力和全队防守能力与八强队伍相比还存在较大的差距;投篮总次数和总得分明显低于对手;在利用对方失误得分、二次进攻得分、阵地战得分方面均低于八强;而在利用快攻得分的环节上具有较大的优势。%This paper is to analyse the offensive ability between Chinese men' s basketball team and other world' s famouse basketball teams according to their performance in the 25th World Universiade. The methods used in the research involve literature consultation, interviews with experts, and mathematical statistics. The results of technical analysis are the followings: the highest height of the players in Chinese men' s basketball team is higher than the highest height of the players in other worlds' top basketball teams; it remains a great gap between Chinese basketball team and the final eight basketball teams in player's individual defensive ability and overall defensive ability; the shooting times and total score of Chinese basketball team are apparently lower than its rivals'; Chinese basketball team's ability to make use of turnovers score, second-chance points, positional warfare is lower than the final eight teams; Chinese basketball team has advantage over other teams in quick attack.

  5. 对普通高校篮球运动员身体体能训练的特性探讨%Discussion on Physical Fitness Training Feature of College Basketball Player

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎明

    2012-01-01

    By watching the game video of CUBA which representative of China basketball's highest level of the National Collegiate Basketball League and CUBA statistical techniques over the years, this paper found that our college basketball team's fitness level is not optimistic. Two teams in the game under the basket against the smaller, slower offensive tempo, the lower the score the whole game, especially in the final stage, due to a serious decline in physical fitness, and players making some technical deformation of the action began, shooting began to fall, the team and individual errors began to increase, significantly reduced the game to watch. So, to say the lack of physical fitness level has become a high level of college basketball to the development of a stumbling block. Preliminary explore of China's college basketball team for physical training, in the hope to provide a theoretical basis for China's college basketball team for the future of physical training.%通过观看代表我国高校篮球最高水平的全国大学生篮球联赛(CUBA)的多场比赛录像以及查看CUBA历年的技术统计,发现我国高校篮球队的体能水平是不容乐观的。在比赛中两支球队在篮下的对抗场面较少,进攻节奏较慢,整场比赛的比分较低,尤其是在比赛的最后阶段,由于球员们体能的严重下降,而使得有些球员技术动作开始变形,投篮命中率开始下降,全队及个人的失误开始增多,大大降低了比赛的观赏性。因此说体能水平的不足已经成为我国高校篮球运动向高水平发展的一块绊脚石。初步探索了适合我国高校篮球队体能训练的方法,希望能够为今后我国高校篮球队的体能训练提供理论上的依据。

  6. 中外男篮后卫进攻能力的比较研究--以第26届男篮亚锦赛为例%Comparative Study of Chinese and Foreign Men's Basketball Team Guard Offensive Ability---The Twenty-Sixth Men's Basketball Championships as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉杰

    2015-01-01

    By using the methods of literature, video observation, mathematical statistics and others, through the twenty-sixth FIBA Asia,Championship Chinese team with other team defender game players in the scoring, rebounds, assists offensive ability were analyzed. The results found: China guard team points averaged and defender a team significant differences (P<0.05),and free throw attempts are far lower than other competitors; rebounds, assists are higher than other competing guards; There are obvious gap between China basketball reserve guard and the main force guard ability . In this paper,it puts forward suggestions to strengthen the attack and break through aggressive foul, positive rebound and later in the basketball training the team should pay attention to the cultivation of comprehensive technology defender suggestions in order to make Chinese men's basketball team in the future development have further improvement.%运用文献资料、录像分析、数理统计等方法,对比分析对第26届男篮亚锦赛中国队与其他参赛队后卫队员在比赛中的得分、篮板球、助攻等进攻能力,结果发现:中国后卫队员在场均得分方面与参赛队后卫队员有着显著性差异(P<0.05),罚球次数远低于其他参赛对手;篮板、助攻数都高于其他参赛后卫队员;中国男篮替补后卫与主力后卫之间的能力差距明显。针对研究结论提出加强进攻的侵略性及突破造犯规能力,积极拼抢篮板球和在以后的篮球训练中要注重对后卫队员全面性技术培养的建议。

  7. Experimental Study on Strength Training of Professional Basketball Players——Take Zhejiang Guangsha men's basketball team as an example%职业男子篮球队力量素质训练实验研究——以浙江广厦男篮为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文敏

    2012-01-01

    研究对职业男子篮球运动员实施专项力量训练计划前后进行测试,探讨八周专项力量训练对力量素质的影响。结果表明:研究所采用的力量训练方法在提高职业男子篮球运动员力量素质方面相对于传统的力量训练方法更为科学合理,是一种安全有效的训练方法。此力量训练方法在提高上下肢最大力量、快速力量以及腰腹背肌耐力方面效果尤为显著。根据篮球运动员不同位置所制定的力量训练方法,更有利于运动员在比赛场上所需特点的发展,促使不同位置运动员内在潜力的发挥。%This study focused on a special eight-week strength training on professional basketball players' strength improvement.The results showed that: The research method used in strength training enhanced strength of professional men's basketball players significantly.Compared with traditional strength training methods,it is one kind of safe and effective training methods,more scientific and rational.Especially,the strength training method has a significant effect on improving endurance of upper and lower limb extremities maximum strength;fast strength;muscles of lumbar,abdomen and back.Methods of strength training,which are established by different positions of basketball players,are more beneficial for players to develop their characteristics required in the competition field and promote the inherent potentiality of players at different positions.

  8. Multi-dimensional Research on the Sustainable Development of Men’s Competitive Basketball after Professionalization in China%职业化以来我国男子竞技篮球可持续发展的多维研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周岩峰; 王恒同

    2015-01-01

    男子篮球职业化作为我国篮球事业改革的一种制度创新形式,已显示出一定的优越性和经济价值,但在与竞技篮球协同发展上,尚存在急待解决的问题。其中如何做到我国竞技篮球的可持续化发展尤为重要。为此,提出了我国男子竞技篮球可持续发展的意见和建议。%As a form of institutional innovation of basketball reform in China,the professionalization of men’s basketball has exhibited a certain extent of superioritu and economic value.As for the coordinated development with competitive basketball,there are still some problems to be solved,where achieving sustainable development of competitive basketball in China is of particular importance.Considering this, the present thesis has proposed some suggestions for the sustainable development of competitive basket-ball in China.

  9. Personality characteristics of Serbian male wheelchair and professional basketball players [Charakteristika osobnosti srbských basketbalistů-vozíčkářů a profesionálních basketbalistů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadilj Eminović

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sport, as social phenomena, may achieve a very positive influence on health and the social state of people with disability who practice it. In sport activities of athletes with disability, team sports may take a very important place. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: a to investigate personality characteristics of male professional basketball players and wheelchair basketball players, b to compare these characteristics of two kinds of athletes. METHODS: For the purposes of this study, professional basketball players (N = 29 and wheelchair basketball players (N = 25 had completed a Cattell 16PF questionnaire which estimated personality characteristics. Differences between two groups of participants were calculated by t-test for small samples. RESULTS: Results demonstrated the existence of differences in the expression of certain forms of behaviour within certain dimensions of personality between these two groups. Wheelchair basketball players had higher scores at factor M – Abstractedness (t = -1.889; p = 0.046, which means that they are more preoccupied by themselves and their inner mental life. Wheelchair basketball players had lower scores, on factors: C – Emotional Stability (t = 2.097; p = 0.041, E – Dominance (t = 3.530; p = 0.001, F – Liveliness (t = 2.658; p = 0.010 and N – Privateness (t = 2.527; p = 0.015. CONCLUSIONS: Wheelchair basketball players are, compared with professional basketball players, more emotive; they have a lack of self-esteem, less ready for teamwork and collaboration; they are naive and unpretentious. Considering these results, coaches who are involved in work with wheelchair basketball players have to adjust their methods of trainings, especially those coaches who were working with basketball players without disability. Also, coaches' influence can stimulate eventual changes in some above mentioned characteristics of wheelchair basketball players in more desirable course

  10. CALENTAMIENTO COMPETITIVO EN BALONCESTO: REVISIÓN BIBLIOGRÁFICA Y PROPUESTA Competitive warm-up in basketball: literature review and proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    El calentamiento es utilizado, aceptado y practicado previamente a la realización de una práctica deportiva por la totalidad de sus participantes. Además, es considerado imprescindible para alcanzar un rendimiento óptimo por la mayoría de deportistas. Sin embargo, existe poca evidencia científica que apoye su efectividad. Todo esto, junto con la diversidad de los deportes, hace necesario la estandarización de unas pautas comunes de calentamiento para cada deporte o disciplina deportiva. En cuanto al baloncesto de élite se refiere, hemos encontrado un gran vacío científico que nos gustaría cubrir. Por lo tanto, los objetivos de este artículo son, primero, la realización de una revisión bibliográfica sobre todos los aspectos relacionados con el calentamiento como pueden ser: definición de calentamiento, tipos de calentamientos, beneficios del mismo, estructura que debe seguir (intensidad, duración, recuperación y especificidad, factores que influyen sobre él, estiramientos si o estiramientos no y de qué tipo en el calentamiento. Y segundo, con las conclusiones obtenidas, describir y proponer una metodología de calentamiento competitivo adaptado al baloncesto de alto nivel, para que ésta se convierta en una guía de referencia justificada a la hora de realizar esta fase pre-partido.

     

    Palabras Clave: estiramientos estáticos, estiramientos dinámicos, calentamiento general, calentamiento específico, baloncesto

    Abstract

    Warm-up is used, accepted and performed by every participant before practising any sport. Warm-up is also considered by most sportmen as fundamental to achieve optimal performance. However, there is little scientific evidence supporting its effectiveness. This lack of evidence, together with the diversity of sports, requires the standardisation of common warm-up patterns for each sport activity. As elite basketball is concerned

  11. Iron status in spanish junior soccer and basketball players. Status en hierro de jugadores de fútbol y baloncesto de la categoría junior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valtueña , Jara

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAim: To assess the dietary iron intake and the iron status of Spanish junior athletes and its importance on performance, and to discuss abount the consequences of an iron deficiency. Material and methods: Forty six soccer and eleven basketball players aged 17-21 years (mean age 18.2 +1.1 who played in the Spanish national junior soccer and basketball league, respectively, who had neither drugs, medicines intake nor illness during the study which altered the appetite or some studies parameters, took part in the study. Dietary intake was assessed by means of a 7-day weighed food intake record. Iron status was evaluated by means of a complete hemogram, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin and TIBC.Results: Mean iron intake was 19.24±4.58 mg/day. Mean analytical data were all between reference ranges. Basketball players had higher intake levels compared with soccer ones (22.1+6.4 and 19.2+3.9 mg/day, respectively; pConclusions: During adolescence, iron requirements are very high which could place adolescent athletes in a high risk group for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. In the current research, the population studied shows an acceptable iron status although there are 3% of iron deficiency anaemia cases.ResumenObjetivos: valorar la ingesta diaria y el estatus de hierro de los atletas junior españoles y su importancia sobre el rendimiento, así como lo que respecta a las consecuencias que tiene una deficiencia de hierro. Material y métodos: cuarenta y seis jugadores de fútbol y once de baloncesto con edades comprendidas entre los 17 y 21 años (la media de edad 18.2 + 1.1 que jugaban en la liga junior nacional de fútbol y baloncesto, respectivamente, y que no tomaban drogas, medicinas ni presentaban ninguna enfermedad durante el desarrollo del estudio que pudiera alterar el apetito o algunos de los parámetros objeto de estudio, tomaron parte en este estudio. La ingesta dietética se cuantificó mediante la técnica de

  12. Incidência de lesões musculoesqueléticas em atletas de elite do basquetebol feminino Incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in elite female basketball athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Sabbag da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O basquetebol é esporte competitivo, com alta incidência de lesões de contato e movimentação. OBJETIVO: determinar a incidência de lesões musculoesqueléticas em atletas de elite do basquetebol feminino. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: foram analisadas prospectivamente 66 atletas adultas, 18 a 37 anos (média: 23, de 5 equipes durante o Campeonato Paulista da Divisão A1 (setembro de 99 a janeiro de 2000. Os dados referentes a atleta e as lesões que ocorreram no período, foram registradas por fisioterapeuta. RESULTADOS: foram computadas 78 lesões, em 47 das atletas (71,2%. A incidência de lesão foi de 2,6 lesões/ atleta/ 1000 jogos/treinos, com maior incidência nos jogos. A entorse, com 33%, foi o diagnóstico mais comum especialmente na região do tornozelo, seguida da contusão (24%. O joelho com 21% das lesões, mão/dedos, com 17%, perna/coxa e tornozelo com 14% cada, foram as regiões mais lesadas. O contato com outro atleta foi o principal mecanismo de lesão. Não encontramos relação entre diagnóstico, idade, posição e região anatômica lesada, mas atletas mais novas foram menos afetadas. A maioria das lesões foram leves (88,5% e a região do joelho foi a de maior morbidade. As sobrecargas deste esporte foram mais visíveis na região lombar e joelho, exigindo programas intensivos de prevenção e acompanhamento de atletas de elite no basquetebol feminino.Basketball is a competitive sport, presenting a high incidence of contact and movement injuries. OBJECTIVE: to determine the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries in elite female basketball athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 66 adult athletes, with ages ranging from 18 to 37 years (average: 23, from 5 teams playing A1-class São Paulo State Championship were prospectively assessed in the period of September 1999 - January 2000. Data concerning each individual athlete and the injuries occurred within that period were recorded by a physical therapist. RESULTS: 78 injuries were

  13. Ampliando horizontes sobre medición del rendimiento y regularidad en el baloncesto profesional. [Expanding horizons on performance measurement and regularity in professional basketball].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Román Salmerón-Gómez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Conseguir información relevante sobre el rendimiento de equipos y jugadores para la toma de decisiones provoca un continuo análisis de factores que afectan al resultado individual y del conjunto en el ámbito del deporte. La necesidad de obtener resultados positivos hace necesaria el uso de herramientas de gestión que ayuden a la estimación fiable del rendimiento deportivo de los jugadores profesionales y así mejorar la toma de decisiones por los directivos deportivos, por ejemplo, en el momento de diseñar una plantilla. El presente trabajo trata de mejorar el análisis existente presentando un nuevo indicador para medir el rendimiento y la regularidad de los jugadores de baloncesto mostrando por qué es preferible a otros usados anteriormente en la bibliografía existente. El análisis empírico se centra en calcular la regularidad de todos los jugadores que hayan disputado al menos 10 partidos en la liga de la Asociación de Clubes de Baloncesto, conocida como Liga ACB, con una media de minutos jugados superior o igual a 10 durante la temporada 2014/2015. Los resultados obtenidos presentan perspectivas interesantes para aspectos de la gestión deportiva como el reclutamiento y diseño de equipos deportivos. Abstract Get relevant information about players and team performance to take decisions causes a continuous analysis of factors affecting individual and group performance in sport context. The need for positive results takes to use management tools that estimate athletic performance of professional players reliable in regards to the decision by the sport managers, for example, when they are designing the player roster. This study aims to improve the existing analysis by providing, on the one hand, new indexes to measure performance and regularity of professional basketball players, and showing how traditional statistics tools can detect relevant information. We use data from every player in terms of performance according to Spanish

  14. Rural Sports Development Dilemma that Displays by the Rise and Fall of Local Basketball League%新时期农村体育发展困境审视--基于“乡土篮球联赛”兴衰历程分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄彦军

    2013-01-01

    This article studys used prosperity Local Basketball League of Lingbao in Yuxi area by using documents and materials method, field survey method, interviews method, and so on.The article analysises the development distory of rural basketball in Yuxi area and the discoure of the rise and the fall of Local Basketball League.At last, the development delimma that rural sports is facing is be pointed.%通过文献资料法、实地调查法、访谈法等方法对盛极一时的豫西“乡土篮球联赛”进行研究。分析豫西地区农村篮球运动开展历史和“乡土篮球联赛”发展兴衰历程,指出当前农村体育发展过程中所面临的窘境。

  15. You Made El Team-O! The Transnational Browning of the National Basketball Association through the “Noche Latina” Marketing Campaigns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge E. Moraga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay pushes beyond the black-white binary in an effort to expand understandings into the relationship between sport, Latinidad, and global capitalism in the 21st century. Through a discursive analysis into the National Basketball Association (NBA outreach policies, I ask: do recent shifts in the NBA’s marketing strategies, while alluding towards social inclusion and multicultural diversity, also contribute to the containment, exclusion, and marginalization to the fastest growing minority group in the United States: the Latina/o. By conducting a textual analysis into the NBA’s Noche Latina campaign, this essay makes the case that while the NBA may be another example of browning the sporting gaze the gaze remains fixed upon Western capitalist notions of identity and representation. An aim of this study seeks to highlight the contradictions within U.S. based-sport marketing in hopes that sport fans, pundits and academics alike might grapple with and strive towards understanding how phenomena like “Noche Latina” repackages racialized, sexist and cultural tropes for global television audiences and social media users alike.

  16. A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States’ National Basketball Association’s Scheme for Redistribution of New Talent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorik Ooms

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available If global trade were fair, it is argued, then international aid would be unnecessary and inequalities inherent to the economic system would be justifiable. Here, we argue that while global trade is unfair, in part because richer countries set the rules, we believe that additional interventions must go beyond trade regulation and short-term aid to redress inequalities among countries that will persist and possibly worsen in spite of such measures. Drawing on an example of measures taken to redress the characteristics of a system that inherently increases inequality, the ability of dominant teams in the National Basketball Association (NBA to recruit the most talented players, we argue that market-based competition even in the context of fair rules will create and amplify economic inequalities. We argue that, just as the NBA created a draft to reduce the emergence of severe inequalities among teams, systems of social support within richer countries should be paralleled by a global system to counterbalance persisting inequalities among countries that are produced by market forces. We explain how such a mechanism might operate among integrated market economies, and identify the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund as an example of such an emerging form of global social support.

  17. Comparison of inflammatory responses and muscle damage indices following a soccer, basketball, volleyball and handball game at an elite competitive level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souglis, A; Bogdanis, G C; Giannopoulou, I; Papadopoulos, Ch; Apostolidis, N

    2015-01-01

    Inflammatory responses and muscle damage indices were compared between four popular team sports at an elite level. Seventy two male elite players of four team sports: soccer (n = 18), basketball (n = 18), volleyball (n = 18) and handball (n = 18), completed an official match, while 18 non-athletes served as controls. Blood samples were drawn before, immediately after and 13 and 37 h post-match. Soccer produced the greatest increase in inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6), which were increased by 3-4 fold immediately after the game, as well as in C-reactive protein, which was increased by threefold in the next morning after the match. Metabolic stress (urea, ammonia and cortisol) and muscle damage indices (creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase) were also higher after soccer, with creatine kinase responses being almost 2-3 times higher than the other sports. Volleyball showed the smallest increase in inflammation and muscle damage markers compared with the other three sports.

  18. 篮球运动员心理训练的研究综述%Research on the Psychological Training of Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫立达

    2012-01-01

    With the advancement of technology and social development,improving athletic ability has reached its limit,to get excellent results in the sports area,good psychological quality is essential.Therefore,the mental training has been more attention.Based on the literature review of mental training,mental training basketball players to explore research directions and methods.%随着科技的进步和社会的发展,体育竞技能力的提高已经达到极限,在运动场上要取得优异的成绩,良好的心理素质必不可少。因此,心理训练越来越得到的重视。本文通过对心理训练的文献综述,探讨篮球运动员心理训练研究的方向和方法。

  19. Psychosocial effects of reverse-integrated basketball activity compared to separate and no physical activity in young people with physical disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutzler, Yeshayahu; Chacham-Guber, Anat; Reiter, Shunit

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of participation in different sport modalities on quality of life (QOL) and perceived social competence (PSC) in young people with physical disability. Ninety participants (33 females and 57 males) were monitored across four conditions: competitive separate physical activity (COSPA), recreational separate physical activity (RESPA), reverse-integrated basketball activity (RIBA), and no physical activity (NOPA). QOL and PSC questionnaires were administered at the beginning and the end of the study's duration of six months. ANCOVA corrected for functional independence and gender revealed significant group effects for pre to post change values of QOL and PSC, with greater positive change in the RIBA compared to all other groups. In addition, one-way ANOVA on pre to post change values with LSD post hoc revealed significant differences. RIBA change values for QOL with 8.77%, and for PSC with 9.98% change were significantly higher (p<.001) than in all other groups (ranges -0.18 through 1.36% for QOL, and -2.31 through 2.34% for PSC). These outcomes demonstrate a favorable outcome of the RIBA on participants. Low functional ability did not constrain the effects of sport participation.

  20. China Youth Basketball Defenders Shallow Light Passing Ability Training%浅淡青少年篮球后卫队员传球能力的训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冼镜坤

    2012-01-01

    Aimed at young defenders in the shortcoming of the passing through their teaching experience and training of relative literature material,and combined with basketball teaching material of the theoretical knowledge of senior players passing ability of teenagers defender comprehensive analysis,in passing consciousness,passing technology and passing skills training three aspects,puts forward some feasible methodS.%文章针对青少年后卫队员在传球方面技术水平的不足,通过自己的教学训练经验并查阅相关的文献资料,并结合篮球运动高级教材的理论知识对青少年后卫队员传球能力进行综合的分析,在传球意识、传球技术与传球技巧三方面的训练提出可行性的训练方法。为提高青少年篮球后卫传球技术水平提供理论依据。

  1. An application research of dynamic hierarchical teaching method to basketball optional course in medical universities%动态分层教学法在篮球选项课中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林宇; 林振华; 周慧

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the application effect of dynamic hierarchical teaching method to bas-ketball optional course in medical universities. Methods 60 students from the optional course of basketball are randomly divided into experience group with dynamic hierarchical teaching methods and control group with traditional teaching methods. The physical quality,basic basketball skills and exercise attitude of students in two groups are tested and investigated respectively,and a comparative analysis is further conduc-ted. Results Students in experience group showed better physical quality in the index of the solid sphere and 1 minute skip rope than the control group(P < 0. 05,P < 0. 01). Basic technical indexes of 20 meters dribbling basketball,teaching competition and 11 shots is superior to the control group(P < 0. 05,P < 0. 01). Physical exercise attitude of the behavior attitude,goals attitude,behavioral habits,behavioral intention and the emo-tional experience of five dimension score were higher than the control group(P < 0. 05,P < 0. 01). Conclusion“Dynamic hierarchical teaching”reflects the intrinsic requirements and the rule of skill learning for mod-ern basketball,with a favorable impact on promoting the physical quality,basic basketball technics,aware-ness in competition and attitude for physical exercises of students.%目的:探讨动态分层教学法在篮球选项课中的应用效果。方法篮球选项课学生60人,随机分为动态分层教学法组和传统教学法组,测试学生的身体素质和篮球基本技术,采用锻炼态度量表对学生进行调查并进行比较。结果动态分层教学法组学生身体素质指标中的掷实心球和1分钟跳绳明显优于传统教学法组(P <0.05);篮球基本技术指标中的20m 篮球运球、教学比赛和11点投篮明显优于传统教学法组(P <0.05);体育锻炼态度中的行为态度、目标态度、行为习惯、行为意向和情感体验5个

  2. 美国大学生篮球联赛参赛队训练特征研究%Research on the Characteristics of College Basketball Team Training in NCAA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐建华

    2015-01-01

    NCAA大学篮球代表着世界大学的顶尖水平 ,研究他们的训练特征有助于我们了解最新的训练理念和思想.本研究运用文献资料法、访谈法和现场观摩法等研究方法 ,对NCAA一级联盟中的瓦尔帕莱索大学等高校男篮的训练特征进行了研究 .研究认为 , NCAA球队训练特征主要体现在 :主教练负责制下的配备完善的教练员团队、训练计划性强、重视训练过程中的数据记录和评估、重视训练过程中的激励、重视基本功训练、重视专项体能训练、重视运动员领导力的培养、注重训练的场内一体化等.建议我国大学及职业篮球队加强教练员团队的补充完善、注重训练过程的记录和监控、重视运动员多方面能力的培养、建立学校系统的主客场联赛赛制体系.%The NCAA college basketball represents the top level in the world university ,and studying the characteristics of their training can help us understand the latest basketball train-ing ideas and thoughts .Through using the method of literature review ,interview and field dem-onstration ,etc ,this paper studies the characteristics of Valparaiso University men's and women's basketball team training .The results indicated that characteristic of the NCAA bas-ketball team training are mainly as follow :1 ) Strong coaches team leading by head coach ;2 ) Emphasis on short-term and long-term planning for everything ;3 ) Emphasis on training data record and evaluation in the process of practices ;4 ) Attaches great importance to communica-tion and motivation during practices ;5 ) Emphasis on the fundamental training ;6 ) Emphasis on the basketball specific conditioning ;7 ) Emphasis on the leadership cultivation of players ;8 ) Emphasis on the integration of on and off court .Based on the above conclusion ,we suggests that our college and professional basketball teams should complement our coach' s team ,pay attention to keeping records and

  3. Application of Health Education on Preventing Knee Injuries of Basketball Special College Students%健康教育在篮球专项大学生预防膝关节损伤中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王林

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the application of health education on preventing knee injuries of basketball special college students .Methods:One hundred and twenty-three basketball special college students from 2011-2013 academic year were chosen as the research objects , sixty-one basketball special college students from 2011-2012 academic year were chosen as the control group , sixty-one basketball special college students from 2011-2012 academic year were chosen as the observation group , they were directed by knee joint prevention health education during the teaching for the observation group college students .Results:The proportion of injuries and damage degree of the observation group were lower than that of the control group (P<0.05).The proportion of meniscus injuries , ligament injuries and patellar damage of the observation group were lower than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusions: The health education can effectively reduce the risk of special college basketball knee injuries, alleviate the damage degree of students and improve the security of the basketball special training college students .%研究目的:探讨健康教育在篮球专项大学生膝关节预防中的应用效果。研究对象:选取2011年年度至2013学年度进行篮球专项训练的123名大学生为研究对象,其中2011年度至2012学年度有61人作为对照组,而2012至2013年学年度有62人作为观察组,在授课期间定期对观察组大学生进行膝关节预防的健康教育。研究结果:观察组学生发生损伤的比例和损伤程度均明显低于对照组,观察组大学生发生半月板损伤、韧带损伤以及髌骨损伤的比例明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。研究结论:健康教育可以有效地降低篮球专项大学生膝关节发生损伤的风险,缓解学生的损伤程度,提高了篮球专项大学生训练时的安全性。

  4. ANALYSIS OF THE PERIMETER SHOOTING ABILITY OF CHINESE MENS BASKETBALL TEAM%剖析我国男篮中距离投篮技术的运用能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨萍

    2012-01-01

    The perimeter shooting is a major scoring method in the basketball game, therefore it plays a key role in winning a game. In this paper, we take an analysis of the issues that exist in Chinese Men's Basketball Team on the perimeter shooting, point out the strong points and weaknesses of our team in the perimeter shooting by comparative studies between Chinese and foreign teams through video observation and mathematical statistic methods, and propose some specific recommendations in the end. The research provides a theoretical basis and reference example for enhancing the overall ability of getting scores and further improving the overall level of Chinese men's basketball.%中距离投篮是篮球比赛中的主要得分方式,因此,中距离投篮得分对比赛胜负起着关键作用。本文通过录像观察法、数理统计法,采用中外男篮对比研究的方法,分析了中国男篮中距离投篮的相关问题,指出了我国男篮在中距离投篮技术上的优势与不足,并提出了具体建议。此项研究为提高中国男篮整体的得分能力以及我国男子篮球运动的整体水平提供了理论依据和实例借鉴。

  5. Analysis on Offensive and Defensive Skills of Chinese Team in 2013 Women's Basketball Championships%2013年女篮亚锦赛中国队进攻技术运用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿建华; 高杰

    2015-01-01

    Using the methods of literature,video observation,mathematical statistics and other methods,this paper analyzes 2013 Women's Basketball Championships Chinese team five games with opponents offensive and defensive technical indicators for statistical process, the specific offensive and defensive players at each position using technology , aimed to Chinese women's basketball in the face of the status quo, to identify their strengths and weaknesses. Chinese women's basketball problems: strong confrontation,fast-paced game,not strong aggressive attack, attack timing, not quite proper mode selection, lack of means of attack, weak defensive awareness, not forming an effective defensive system. Specifically in the technology players cannot maintain a stable offensive play, scoring less, not more breakthrough point ball using, and cannot pull the defense the opportunity to create a full shot companion.%运用录像观察、数据统计等方法,对2013年女篮亚锦赛中国队与对手的5场比赛中进攻时各位置队员在不同投篮区域命中率、各位置队员投篮方式、进攻时传球方式3个指标进行统计并分析,旨在正视中国女篮的现状,找出其进攻中的优势和不足。中国女篮暴露的问题:在强对抗、快节奏比赛中,不能保持进攻技术的稳定发挥,得分点少,突破分球运用不多,不能拉动防守为同伴创造充分的投篮时机。

  6. Research on Adoption of Fast Break Tactics of China Men's Basketball in London Olympic Games%伦敦奥运会中国男篮快攻战术运用状况研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘霖; 王庆然

    2015-01-01

    With methods of video analysis and mathematical statistics,this paper carries out a comparative study of the adoption of fast break tactics by China Men's Basketball in group match with Spain,Brazil,Great Britain, Russia and Australia in 2012 London Olympic Games.Results show weak adoption,lack of consciousness and loose structure of fast break tactics by Chinese Men's Basketball.The paper suggests that Chinese Men's Basketball should change traditional idea of attack and set up the tactical thought of more participation and following points to improve the training of fast speed techniques to enrich tactics of fast break to win scores.%本研究主要运用录像分析和数理统计等方法,对中国男篮与西班牙、巴西、英国、俄罗斯、澳大利亚队在2012年伦敦奥运会小组比赛中所运用快攻战术进行对比研究,结果表明:我国男篮快攻战术相对薄弱,在整体上缺乏快攻意识,快攻战术结构不够严密;建议:我国男篮应转变传统进攻理念,树立多人参与、多点跟进的快攻战术思想,加强“快速”技术水平的训练,丰富快攻战术的得分手段。

  7. Investigation of the Present Situation of the Basketball Coach of Teenagers in Hangzhou City%杭州市青少年篮球教练员现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王竹君

    2014-01-01

    采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法等研究方法,对杭州市青少年篮球教练员的现状进行调查。结果发现:杭州市青少年篮球教练员的年龄结构现状较合理,但部分教练员还存着职称、学历偏低,科研能力欠缺,训练经验不足等问题。建议:采取多种措施激励教练员进行科学研究和科学训练,促进教练员专业理论知识与运动训练水平不断提高,为打造一支综合素质高、科研能力强、训练手段先进、教授方法科学的优秀篮球教练员队伍奠定基础。%Using the method of literature, questionnaire survey, mathematical statistics, this paper inves-tigates the status quo of the basketball coach of adolescents in Hangzhou .The results show that the age structure of basketball coaches is reasonable , but there are problems existing in the coaches , such as the low title and educational level, lack of training scientific research ability, lack of experience and so on. Recommendations are put forward, such as taking various measures to encourage coaches to conduct sci -entific research and scientific training , promoting the coaches'professional theoretical knowledge and the level of practice, to lay the foundation for creating an outstanding basketball team with comprehensive high quality, scientific research ability, advanced training methods and teaching methods .

  8. Measurement and Analysis on Take-off Ability of Basketball Players′Layup Shot%篮球运动员行进间投篮跨步起跳能力的测量与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾恩峰

    2016-01-01

    The paper takes the basketball players′take-off ability of layup shot as objects of study , by means of study method of kinematics measurement.Research results show that the buffer speed of knee joint is an important manifestation of basketball players′take-off ability of layup shot.Basketball players′step take-off power is mainly determined by extensors′maximum effort of hip joint and flexors′accelerating force of knee joint; Coordination of actions is determined by the eccentric ability of the central foot and lifting time of non central leg .The stability of the action is determined by the maximum strength level of ankle extensor muscle.We should strengthen exercises of the extensor strength of ankle joint.%采用运动学测量的研究方法,对篮球运动员行进间投篮跨步起跳能力进行研究,结果表明,缓冲速度快、时间短是篮球运动员行进间投篮跨步起跳能力的重要体现;篮球运动员的跨步起跳力量主要由髋关节伸肌最大力量和膝关节屈肌的快速力量决定;动作协调性主要由中枢腿的退让收缩能力和非中枢腿的上抬时机决定;动作的稳定性由踝关节伸肌肉最大力量水平决定,需要加强踝关节伸肌力量练习。

  9. How Evolutions of Basketball Competition Arena Affect Center Forward Players Skills and Tactics%篮球比赛场地演变对中锋技术、战术影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱红武

    2011-01-01

    为提高我国篮球中锋运动员技、战术水平,采用文献资料法、逻辑推理法等方法,对篮球运动比赛场地的几次演变过程进行研究,以及在这几次变化过程中对高大运动员身体素质、技术、战术所提出的更高要求进行详细分析。研究发现:篮球比赛场地的变化促进了中锋技、战术的发展,推动现代篮球比赛的攻守转换速度;使得高大队员越来越灵活、技术应用越来越合理、战术配合越来越简练、实用、流畅等。对提高我国篮球运动水平提供参考。%In order to improve center forward players' skills and tactics,this paper adopts some methods such as documentary data and logic inference to make a basic research on several evolutions of basketball competition arena and to make detailed analysis of higher standards of physical quality,skills and tactics which these several arena evolutions requires of taller players.The research shows that the changes of basketball competition arena improve center forward players' skills and tactics,speed up switch of attack and defense,make taller players more and more flexible;and the application of skills becomes more and more reasonable and the coordination of tactics more and more brief,practical and smooth.This paper serves as valuable references to improving levels of China's basketball.

  10. 南京邮电大学女子篮球队整合营销策划%The Integrated Marketing Planning in Women′s Basketball Team of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬梅

    2014-01-01

    Based on the wonen′s basketball team of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications as the medium,the article does the daily operation of the integrated marketing planning.From the marketing sig-nificance,the article discusses the SWOT analysis of women′s basketball team to implement integrated market-ing planning and integrated marketing programmes and other aspects,and finally,the suggestions are given. The article is to help the women′s basketball team of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications to run more smoothly,so as to achieve win-win purpose of the school and the team,also looked for the univer-sities to provide some suggestions.%文章以南京邮电大学女子篮球队作为媒介,对其日常运作进行了整合营销策划。从整合营销的意义,南邮女子篮球队实施整合营销策划的SWOT分析,以及整合营销方案的实施等方面进行了分析阐述,最后得出结论,给出了建议。旨在使南京邮电大学女子篮球队的运作更加流畅,从而达到学校、球队共赢的目的,也期待为兄弟院校球队提供些许建议。

  11. 普通高校篮球选修课分层升降教学法实验研究%Experimental Research on the Up-down Multilevel Teaching Method of Selective Basketball Course in University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁航

    2011-01-01

    根据教学过程最优化现代教学理论,结合篮球运动技能形成的基本规律和多年的教学实践,通过问卷调查和分班进行实验,比较分析了传统教学法和分层升降教学法的利弊,试图找出分层升降教学法的理论依据.结果表明:在篮球技术水平基本相同的条件下,实验班在实验教学后的各项技术成绩均明显高于对照班的成绩,分层升降教学法优于传统教学法.因此,分层升降教学法应用于普通高校篮球选修课教学是可行的.%Based on modern teaching theory of the process optimizattion, combined with the basic laws of the acquirement of basketball skills and teaching practice, the questionnaire and group instruction experiment were used to analysis line advantages and disadvantagces of traditional teacbing method anti up-down multevel teaching method and elucidate thc theorctical base of up-down multilevel teaching method. The results suggested that based on the same basketball skill level, the all skirls scores of the trainees in experimental group were significanlly bigber than those in contrast group, and up-down multilevel teaching method was superior to traditional one. Therefore, it is feasible that up-down multilevel teaching metbod be applied in selective basketball course in university.

  12. 浅议高职院校篮球教学现状及其改革%Discussion about the teaching situation and reform in higher vocational college basketball

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹中旺

    2014-01-01

    篮球是我国高职院校体育教学中最重要的项目之一,它在提高学生身体素质、培养学生竞争意识和团队协作意识方面起着重要的作用。综览当前我国高职院校篮球教学,还存在着教学思想陈旧、教学方法单一、课程设置不合理、考核制度不全面、基础设施不完善等弊端。随着新的教育改革的深入发展,高职院校篮球教学改革势在必行,要转变传统教学中不合时宜的观念,以学生为中心,提高学生学习兴趣,帮助学生树立“终身体育”的理念。%Basketball is one of China Vocational College Physical Education is the most important project,it plays an important role in improving the physical fitness of students, students sense of competition and teamwork awareness.Overview of current vocational colleges teaching basketball.There is still the old idea of teaching, teaching methods are simple, unreasonable curriculum, assessment system is not comprehensive, inadequate infrastructure and other defects.With the development of new educational reform, basketball vocational colleges teaching reform is imperative to change the traditional teaching of outdated concepts, student-centered, increase student interest in learning to help students establish a"lifetime sports"concept”.

  13. 篮球运动损伤预防与自我保护的探讨%STUDY ON THE SPORTS INJURIES AND SELF-PROTECTION METHODS OF BASKETBALL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王科飞; 王和平

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To study the major sports injuries types and reason in basketball and provide theory to reduce sports injuries and improve basketball teaching and training level. [Methods] The study was researched by the method of literature survey, investigation and logical analysis. [Results] The major reasons of basketball sports injuries are broken the rules, connection with speed, connection with high falling, collision and resistance and error skilled movement The preventive and self-protection methods major included consciousness, skill, matter and physical reserve. [Conclusion] The self-protection should be paid much attention and to strengthen the methods teaching and training.%[目的]分析篮球运动损伤的类型和致病原因,为提高篮球教学训练水平,减少运动损伤提供理论支持.[方法]运用文献资料、问卷调查、逻辑分析等方法进行研究.[结果]篮球运动损伤的原因主要是违反比赛规则、与速度、高空落下有关、冲撞、技术动作不正确,预防与自我保护的方法包括:意识型、技巧型、物质型、体能储备型几个方面.[结论]应加强自我保护方法的传授和训练.

  14. Repeated Sprint Ability in Young Basketball Players (Part 2): The Chronic Effects of Multidirection and of One Change of Direction Are Comparable in Terms of Physiological and Performance Responses

    OpenAIRE

    Attene, Giuseppe; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T.; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Pizzolato, Fabio; Zagatto, Alessandro M.; Dal Pupo, Juliano; Oggianu, Marcello; Migliaccio, Gian M.; Mannucci Pacini, Elena; Padulo, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 5-week training program, consisting of repeated 30-m sprints, on two repeated sprint ability (RSA) test formats: one with one change of direction (RSA) and the other with multiple changes of direction (RSM). Thirty-six young male and female basketball players (age 16.1 ± 0.9 years), divided into two experimental groups, were tested for RSA, RSM, squat jump, counter-movement jump, and the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery-Level-1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test...

  15. 第30届奥运会中国男篮攻守对抗技术的分析%On the Offensive and Defensive Confrontation Techniques of China's Men's Basketball Team at the 30th Olympic Games in London

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶少杰

    2012-01-01

    This paper conducts a research analyzing the technique statistics of China's Men's Basketball Team at the 30th Olympic Games in London,by using such methods as literature,observation and logical analysis.The results show that China's Men's Basketball Team was weak in offensive and defensive confrontation,which makes it hard to meet the intense confrontation in the contemporary basketball games.The results also reveal that Chinese team lagged far behind their rivals in the aspects of rebounding,scoring,fast break,stealing and faults,which restricted the effectiveness of its offensive and defensive techniques.In order to change this situation and enhance the comprehensive power of Chinese team,the team should re-recognize the latest tendency of modern basketball,change its training methods,and improve its ability to use techniques and strategies in the fierce confrontation.These are the very things Chinese team should do in the years to come.%运用文献资料、观察统计、逻辑分析等研究方法,对中国男篮参加第30届伦敦奥运会比赛的技术统计数据进行分析研究。研究结果表明,中国男篮由于攻防过程中身体对抗能力弱,很难适应现代篮球比赛高强度的激烈对抗,在篮板球、得分能力、快攻、抢断、失误等方面与对手之间显现出较大差距,这种差距直接制约了攻防技战术的有效发挥,导致中国男篮在伦敦奥运会上全面滑坡。若要改变中国男篮现状,整体提高中国男篮的综合实力,必须要重新认识和了解现代篮球运动发展的最新趋势,改变训练思路,强化训练的科学性,全面提高身体训练水平,增强在高强度对抗条件下技战术运用的综合能力,这是中国男篮在未来几年内所必须要解决好的问题。

  16. Use of Drawing Software on Basketball training technique and tactics Design%篮球教学训练技战术设计图制作的软件使用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟健; 林茵; 缪洋

    2014-01-01

    随着科学技术的不断发展,有越来越多的计算机多媒体技术应用到篮球的教学和训练当中.将向大家介绍一种全新的制作电子版篮球技战术图的方法.该方法是借助专门的软件“Basketball Playbook 011”来完成的,不仅功能强大,而且简单易操作.

  17. On the Promotion of Higher Vocational Basketball Teaching Reform by Using Module-concentrated Teach-ing Mode%运用板块集中教学模式,促进高职篮球教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵军

    2013-01-01

    伴随职业教育改革的深入推进,高职院校对课程教学改革的重视程度也较以往有较大幅度提升。对高职篮球教学而言亦是如此。而“板块集中”教学模式的提出及运用,对提升高职篮球教学质量,促进学生德智体美全面发展,推动高职篮球教学改革。本文简要概述“板块集中”教学模式内涵,分析了板块集中教学模式相较于传统教学存在的优势,进而从激趣、课前预热、完善板块体系,以及集中诊断问题四个方面探讨高职篮球教学中运用“板块集中”教学模式的策略。%With the further promotion of vocational education re-form, more attention is given to curriculum teaching reform in higher vocational colleges, as well as higher vocational basketball teaching. The proposal and use of"module-concentrated"teach-ing mode plays an important role in improving the quality of higher vocational basketball teaching, promoting the comprehen-sive development of students, and expediting the reform of higher vocational basketball teaching. This paper briefly summarizes the connotation of "module-concentrated" teaching mode, analyzes its advantages compared with traditional teaching, and then ex-plores the strategies of using "module-concentrated" teaching mode in higher vocational basketball teaching from such four as-pects as stimulating interest, pre-class warming-up, improving module system, and concentrated inspection.

  18. How Can a Global Social Support System Hope to Achieve Fairer Competiveness?; Comment on “A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States’ National Basketball Association”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Goldblatt

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ooms et al sets out some good general principles for a global social support system to improve fairer global competitiveness as a result of redistribution. This commentary sets out to summarize some of the conditions that would need to be satisfied for it to level up gradients in inequality through such a social support system, using the National Basketball Association (NBA example as a point of reference. From this, the minimal conditions are described that would be required for the support system, proposed in the article by Ooms et al, to succeed.

  19. 论高校篮球课堂教学中的分组学习与合作学习%On Group Learning and Cooperative Learning in College Basketball Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董大志

    2015-01-01

    高校体育课程的不断改革,让体育实践行为显得更为重要。在高校教育越加重视人才素质的当下,篮球教育也在提倡在素质性教育中,运用分组学习、合作学习的方法,来提升教育教学实效。同时,高校学生的相对成人化,篮球运动的团体性,也让这种分组合作学习的价值不断被放大。本文将从篮球教学分组学习、合作学习于高校体育教育中的价值入手,探讨在实践中如何设计分组学习、合作学习,最后从合作默契度、评价科学度等方面来甄别关键性影响因素,为高校篮球课堂教学效率的提升形成借鉴性意见。%The continuous reform of college sports course makes sports practice more important. Under the current situation that the quality of talents has been attached to more and more impor-tance in college education, the improvement of basketball educa-tion and teaching effectiveness by using group learning and co-operative learning, is also advocated, in order to realize quali-ty-oriented education. Meanwhile, college students are generally adults and playing basketball needs teamwork, which have inten-sified the value of group and cooperative learning. Starting from the value of group learning and cooperative learning of basketball teaching in college sports education, this paper will explore how to design group learning and cooperative learning in practice, and finally identify the key influencing factors from the degree of tacit cooperation and the level of scientific evaluation, aiming to form a referential suggestion for the improvement of college basketball classroom teaching efficiency.

  20. 影响大学生篮球裁判员临场判罚的因素与对策研究%Research on Factors Affecting College Students Basketball Referees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王安大川; 张健; 王厚雷

    2016-01-01

    主要采用文献资料法、访谈法、观察法,对影响我校篮球裁判临场判罚的因素进行了以下具体的分析认为:在篮球比赛中裁判临场判罚时容易出现的问题是理论知识不熟、临场实践少、基本功不扎实、临场心理因素不稳定、体能欠缺、思想因素等方面有关系,解决问题的关键是加强我校篮球裁判对篮球规则和裁判法的理解,通过不断的实践,逐步提高自身的执裁水平;通过学习理论然后结合实践,不断积累临场经验,通过参执裁不同层次比赛的,在实践中不断增强自身的执裁能力,增强自信心;加强心理素质的培养和身体素质的锻炼。%Mainly using the method of literature, interview method, observation method, influence factors on our school basketball referee penalty for the following specific analysis: problems in the game of basketball referee to referees when there is a relationship between the theory of knowledge, practice and the basic skills are not solid, psychological factors, unstable lack of physical fitness, ideological factors. The key to solve the problem is to strengthen our understanding of the rules of basketball and basketball referee method, through continuous practice, and gradually improve their own judgment level and through the study of theory and practice, continuing to accumulate experience on the spot, by reference to judge different levels of the game. In practice, their judging ability needed continuing to enhance, as well as self-confidence, and the psychological quality training and physical exercise.

  1. How Can a Global Social Support System Hope to Achieve Fairer Competiveness? Comment on "A Global Social Support System: What the International Community Could Learn From the United States' National Basketball Association".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldblatt, Peter

    2016-03-01

    Ooms et al sets out some good general principles for a global social support system to improve fairer global competitiveness as a result of redistribution. This commentary sets out to summarize some of the conditions that would need to be satisfied for it to level up gradients in inequality through such a social support system, using the National Basketball Association (NBA) example as a point of reference. From this, the minimal conditions are described that would be required for the support system, proposed in the article by Ooms et al, to succeed.

  2. 我校大学生参与篮球活动运动风险的调查与分析%Risk Investigation and Analysis of WNU Students Participating in Basketball Exercise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋和平

    2012-01-01

    Based on basketball sports injury questionnaire in Weinan Normal University, the paper found that ankle and knee injuries are common, the paper analyzes the mechanism and causes and then puts forward the corresponding prevention measures.%通过对我校经常参加篮球运动的学生进行运动损伤的问卷调查,发现踝、膝关节受损伤者较普遍,文章对损伤各部位的机理和发生原因进行了分析,并提出了相应的预防措施.

  3. El mentoring como medio formativo en la educación del entrenador de baloncesto.(Mentoring in basketball coach education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Jiménez Saiz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl mentoring es un medio formativo muy valorado en los entrenadores deportivos. Sin embargo, las investigaciones señalan que éste se produce de una manera informal y desestructurada. Por ello, el propósito de la investigación es descubrir si ha existido un proceso de mentoring en entrenadores de élite en baloncesto, y si es así, como se ha desarrollado dicho proceso. Para el desarrollo de la investigación se ha utilizado la metodología cualitativa y la técnica de la entrevista semiestructurada. Los entrevistados han sido dieciséis entrenadores expertos en baloncesto según la literatura específica, entre los que se encuentran Campeones del Mundo, de Europa y de la liga ACB entre otros. Los resultados nos indican como el mentoring es un medio fundamental en la formación de los entrenadores, aunque, como señalan las investigaciones, se produce de una manera informal y desestructurada lo que provoca que muchos entrenadores no puedan optar a este medio de formación y que además se produzca de forma aleatoria y meramente imitativa. También se observa como este mentoring informal es mucho más que una mera transmisión de conocimientos. Por todo ello, es importante destacar que en las primeras etapas del entrenador debe existir la figura de un mentor que familiarice al entrenador novel en la cultura del entrenamiento y del club. Además, los clubes, instituciones y federaciones deberían financiar y programar estos procesos de tutela para optimizar la formación de los futuros entrenadores.Abstract Mentoring is a highly valued means of training among sports coaches, however, the research shows that it takes place on an informal basis and is often unstructured. Therefore, the purpose of the research is to discover whether or not there has been a process of mentoring in elite coaches in basketball, and if so, how this process has developed. The research carried out drew from qualitative methodology and the technique of the semi

  4. LA PLANIFICACIÓN DE LOS CONTENIDOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DE BALONCESTO EN EQUIPOS DE INICIACIÓN [Planning the contents of training in early age basketball teams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio José Ibáñez Godoy

    2010-04-01

    basketball process training was in initation stage. Specifically how to plan the contents of this sport over a season. For that, training activities planned by a coach who performed their work in a initation team were analyzed. 846 training activities for two seasons were studied. All training sessions were introduced in the PYC-Basket program to quantify the training. The study variables were the contents of training and media training. An initial descriptive analysis of the data to understand how the planning process was carried out. Subsequently, an inferential analysis was performed to study the relationship between two variables and examine the way it presents the development of each content. The planning and recording of the elements that define the coaching situation allowed the control of the programming content of training. The results show a predominance of technical contents, particularly of the individual gestures of attack. Contents also evolve in their treatment during the analyzed seasons. The individual technical and tactical gestures increase over the season. The individual technical and tactical behaviors were reduced with increasing tactical behaviors and collective group techniques. In the planned tasks, the use of means such as exercises and training games for each type of content were combined. Exercises were used to develop the technique and tactics games. Keywords: pedagogical variables, coaching, sport initiation, planning, contents, basketball.

  5. Avaliação da seleção brasileira feminina de basquete Evaluation of Brazilian female basketball team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A.S. Gentil

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas 13 jogadoras de basquete convocadas para disputa dos Jogos Olímpicos em Sidney - 2000. As atletas foram submetidas à mensuração do peso e altura, a um teste ergoespirométrico em esteira e a um teste de impulsão vertical. Todos os testes foram realizados no Cemafe (Centro de Medicina da Atividade Física e do Esporte da Unifesp/EPM, em junho de 2000. Os resultados encontrados estão descritos a seguir: idade média de 24,4 ± 4,6 anos, peso corporal 70,8 ± 8,6kg, estatura 182 ± 7,6cm, e índice de massa corpórea (IMC 21,4 ± 1,8. A avaliação ergoespirométrica revelou valores para o consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2 máx de 49,9 ± 5,4ml/kg/min; o consumo de oxigênio no limiar anaeróbio (VO2 LA de 38,7 ± 4,3ml/kg/min; freqüência cardíaca máxima (FC máx 194,4 ± 9,6bpm; freqüência cardíaca no limiar anaeróbio (FC LA 179,7 ± 5,7bpm; velocidade no limiar anaeróbio (VEL LA 11,9 ± 1,4km/h; gasto calórico no limiar anaeróbio (GASTO CAL 815,6 ± 71,8kcal/h. No teste de impulsão vertical as atletas foram orientadas a saltar com a maior potência e o maior número de vezes possível em 30 segundos, detectando-se os índices por equipamento sonar (Vertisonic®. Foram encontrados para a potência máxima ou pico de potência 9,9 ± 2,2W e um trabalho muscular total durante os 30 segundos de 602,1 ± 104,8J. A avaliação médica e fisiológica é fundamental para atletas de alto nível alcançarem sucesso em competições de nível internacional, sendo estes parâmetros essenciais ao planejamento e periodização do treinamento.Thirteen (13 elite female basketball players were submitted to medical and physiological evaluation in Cemafe (Federal University of São Paulo in June, 2000. Age was 24.4 ± 4.6 y, height 182 ± 7.6 cm, and body mass 70.8 ± 8.6 kg. The Brazilian team was submitted to an ergospirometry evaluation by a computerized analysis of expired gases with cardiovascular responses recorded by ECG. A

  6. Effects of jump and balance training on knee kinematics and electromyography of female basketball athletes during a single limb drop landing: pre-post intervention study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagano Yasuharu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Some research studies have investigated the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL injury prevention programs on knee kinematics during landing tasks; however the results were different among the studies. Even though tibial rotation is usually observed at the time of ACL injury, the effects of training programs for knee kinematics in the horizontal plane have not yet been analyzed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a jump and balance training program on knee kinematics including tibial rotation as well as on electromyography of the quadriceps and hamstrings in female athletes. Methods Eight female basketball athletes participated in the experiment. All subjects performed a single limb landing at three different times: the initial test, five weeks later, and one week after completing training. The jump and balance training program lasted for five weeks. Knee kinematics and simultaneous electromyography of the rectus femoris and Hamstrings before training were compared with those measured after completing the training program. Results After training, regarding the position of the knee at foot contact, the knee flexion angle for the Post-training trial (mean (SE: 24.4 (2.1 deg was significantly larger than that for the Pre-training trial (19.3 (2.5 deg (p Conclusions The jump and balance training program successfully increased knee flexion and hamstring activity of female athletes during landing, and has the possibility of producing partial effects to avoid the characteristic knee position observed in ACL injury, thereby preventing injury. However, the expected changes in frontal and transverse kinematics of the knee were not observed.

  7. A Comprehensive Analysis on the Offensive and Defensive Ability of the 30th Olympic Games Men’s Basketball Game by RSR%第三十届奥运会男篮赛中国队攻防能力的 RSR 综合评价分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立平

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes a comprehensive analysis on the offensive and defensive ability of the men’s basketball game group B in the 30th London Olympic Games in 2012 by using the method of RSR. The purpose of this paper is making an objective position about the offensive and defensive ability of the Chinese men’s basketball team and finding out the technological gap between Chinese men’s basketball team and other team in men’s basketball game group B. The analytical data about the difference of the technology will offer a reference for the targeted training in the future.%本文运用 RSR 秩和比法对2012年第三十届伦敦奥运会男篮 B 组赛攻防能力进行综合评价分析,旨为中国男篮比赛攻防能力作出客观定位;找出技术层面存在的差距,为今后有针对性训练提供有益参考。

  8. Curriculum to Train Non Physical Education College Students Basketball Referee--TakeΧΧCollege as an example%培养非体育专业大学生篮球裁判员的课程设置--以ΧΧ学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹杰

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, literature, expert interviews and other research methods to basketball referee curriculum for the stu-dy. Studies suggest that basketball loved by the students, but students referee lack of knowledge;college basketball referee courses have opened the conditions and environment;basketball referee courses focus on curriculum system construction proportional allocation, assessment criteria and other aspects.%本文采用文献资料、专家访谈等研究方法,以篮球裁判课程设置为研究对象。研究认为篮球运动深受大学生的喜爱,但学生裁判知识缺乏;高校具备开设篮球裁判课程的条件和环境;篮球裁判课程体系建设重点在课程内容比例分配、考核标准等方面。

  9. Influence of Basketball Sports on Prevention and Treatment of College Students' Obsessive Compulsive Disorder%浅谈篮球运动对防治大学生强迫症的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凯

    2012-01-01

    Obsessive compulsive disorder is a major manifestation of abnormal psychology, and accounted for a high proportion in college students' psychological abnormalities. It is one of the main factors influencing college students completing their studies. In the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder, in addition to drug treatment and psychological treatment, in recent year, exercise therapy has got attention by a lot of obsessive compulsive disorder patients. This paper, from the feature of basketball sports, taking the student's popularity and fitness values as breakthrough, points out that the basketball sports has positive effect on treating the obsessive compulsive disorder.%强迫症是心理异常一个主要表现,在大学生心理异常方面占很高的比例,是影响大学生正常完成学业的一个主要因素。在强迫症的治疗上,除了药物治疗和心理治疗以外,近年来,运动疗法也受到了很多强迫症患者的关注。本文从篮球运动的特点、在大学生的普及程度和健身价值入手理,分析了篮球运动在治疗和预防强迫症方面具有一定的积极效果。

  10. Effect of Basketball Sports on Body Composition of Obese Adolescents%篮球对肥胖青少年身体成分影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘洁莉

    2012-01-01

    The list of 40 pure obesity adolescents for 20 days of basketball training is made and compared with jogging,by adopting the human body composition diagraph instrument to measure the variation before and after exercise.The main purpose is to discuss the effect of basketball sports on physical health of obese adolescents and provide the theoretical reference for their effective weight loss and health level improvement.%通过对40名单纯性肥胖青少年进行为期20天的篮球训练,并与慢跑进行比较,采用人体成分测量仪测量运动前后肥胖青少年身体成分指标的变化,探讨篮球运动对肥胖青少年身体健康的作用,为肥胖青少年进行有效的减肥和提高健康水平提供理论参考。

  11. 第29届奥运会中外男篮进攻能力指标的对比分析%29th Olympic Games Men's Basketball Foreign Comparative Analysis of Indicatiors of Offensive Capability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林华

    2011-01-01

    Participating in the 29th game of the Chinese Olympic men's basketball team in six games with the opponent's offensive statistics and performance techniques, the use of literature, video observation, mathematical statistics, logic, analysis and other methods, as well as individual players on the overall attack Technical indicators for comparative study. Study found that Chinese men's basketball offensive tactics of appropriateness , effectiveness is not strong, attacked the concept itself must combine the characteristics of the players physical confrontation poor, weak fighting sense.%本文对参加第29届奥运会男篮比赛的中国队与对手6场比赛的进攻技术统计数据和表现,运用文献资料、录像观察、数理统计、逻辑分析等方法,对整体以及个别队员的进攻技术指标进行对比研究。研究发现中国男篮进攻战术运用的针对性、实效性不强,攻击理念还须结合本身特点,球员身体对抗能力差。拼搏意识较弱。

  12. Survey on Basketball Players' Cognitive Differences in the Leadership Behaviour of Their Coaches%篮球运动员对教练员领导行为的认知差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂芝

    2011-01-01

    文章采用LSS(修订本)量表对高校篮球运动员进行问卷调查,了解目前我国高校男子篮球队教练员的领导行为的现状,分析运动员所喜爱的教练员领导行为和教练员实际的领导行为之间存在的差距,探讨不同特征运动员对教练员领导行为的认知差异。%Adopting LSS(revised) scale,conduct a questionnaire survey among college basketball players to understand the current status of coaches' leadership behaviour of college men 's basketball team in our country,and analyse the existing distance between athletes' favourite leadership behaviour of their coaches and the coaches' actual leadership behaviour.What's more,explore the different characteristics of athletes' cognitive differences in the leadership behaviour of the coaches.

  13. 公共体育课业余篮球裁判员教学优化研究%The Optimizing Research On The Teaching Of The Amateur Basketball Referee in Public Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李加鹏

    2012-01-01

    通过对公共体育课业余篮球裁判员的有关裁判员的执法形象、心理素质、教学手段、执法实践、考核评价制度等方面的研究,旨在进一步提高大学生业余篮球裁判员比赛执法水平,丰富大学生业余体育生活,推动校园篮球文化建设,减少球场争议与球场暴力事件的发生,共同促进和谐校园体育文化建设。%This paper studies on some accepts of amateur basketball referee,such as executive image,psychological quality,means of instruction,executive practice,institution of examination and evaluation.With a view to improving the executive standard and enriching the physical activities of amateur basketball referee in university.Prompting the cultural development in university,as well as reducing the occurrence of violence and controversy in filed.Joining together to prompt the development of sports culture in university.

  14. 影响高校篮球运动员罚球的心理因素分析%Psychological Factors Analysis to Impact College Basketball Players' Free Throws

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蒙

    2014-01-01

    现代篮球从风生水起的NBA到奥运会赛场,再到其他各个级别的国内联赛,罚球导致的胜负有所增多。心理素质的水平就比技术水平以及身体素质更加重要。方法采用问卷调查法,文献资料和数理统计法,结果从心理学的角度对影响篮球罚球命中率的心理了进行分析与研究。%Modern Basketball from NBA to the Olympic stadium, and then to various other levels of the domestic league, winning free throws lead to somewhat increased. Level of psychological quality is even more important than the technical level as well as physical fitness. Methods A questionnaire survey, literature and mathematical statistics, results from a psy-chological point of view of the impact of basketball free throw percentage of psychological analysis and research.

  15. Upon the Application of Incentive Theories in Basketball Teaching of Higher Vocational Schools%整合激励理论在高职院校篮球教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王越锋

    2013-01-01

    This paper revealed such problems as the present teaching contents unable to stimulate students, the performance incapable of mobilizing the players, and the assessment modes highlighting the summative score instead of the formative evaluation. It, therefore, proposed the application of job design theory, expectancy theory and reinforcement theory in the course of basketball education to improve the performance of basketball instruction.%高职院校在篮球体育课程教学激励中存在着体育教学内容设计不能调动学生的积极性、未能对学生在篮球运动学习过程中取得的成绩及时进行激励、考核方法过于重视考试结果而忽视学习过程三个方面问题。文章认为,可以通过将工作设计理论、期望理论和强化理论应用到高职院校篮球体育教学中,改善高职院校篮球体育教学的绩效。

  16. Analysis on Factors Influencing Basketball Referee's On - the - spot Judgment%影响篮球裁判员临场执裁能力的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董胜利; 康文峰

    2012-01-01

    以“2011年河南省传统项目学校暨国家级青少年体育俱乐部中学生篮球锦标赛”的32位篮球裁判员为调查研究对象,结合当代篮球运动的特点和发展趋势,对影响裁判员的临场执裁能力的因素进行了分析,为临场裁判员水平的发挥提供理论参考。%Taking 32 basketball referees of "traditional project school in Henan province and high school basket- ball championship of national youth sports club in 2011" as the research object, and combined with current bas- ketball' s characteristics and tendency, this paper mainly analyzes the factors that influence basketball referee' s on - the - spot judgment and offers theoretical reference for referee to bring himself into play in the match.

  17. 浅析如何提高篮球运动员的篮板球意识和技术%On How to Improve the Backboard Awareness and Technology of Basketball Players

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵轶

    2011-01-01

    In modern baskethall game, the number of rebound is the important indicator of measuring a basketball team, and also is one of key to receive victory in game. If a team can destroy the opponent's second shots, then they definitely get an advantage. It is said that if controlling the backboard. the game result is also on the control. Based on the observation of a variety of the basketball competition and many years of teaching experience, the article expounds the technical characteristics of rebound, and how to better get rebounds.%现代篮球比赛中,篮板球的个数是衡量一个球队实力的重要标志,也是获得比赛胜利的关键之一.如果一支球队可以破坏对手的第二次投篮机会,那么他们就绝对取得了优势.人们常说:控制了篮板就控制了比赛的结果.本文通过对各种大型比赛的观察和多年从事篮球竞赛、教学的工作经验,阐述了篮板球技术特点,以及如何更好的获得篮板球.

  18. Study on High School Students' After-class Basketball Activity in Hongtong County%洪洞县高中学生课余篮球活动现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文忠

    2011-01-01

    With the methods of documents consultation, qustionnaires, logical analysis and data statastics,the study investigated and analyzed the awareness to value of after-class basketball activity, its countents and organi- zing styles, attending frequency, attending motivations, sex ratio and its acting factors of high school students, who were from Hongtong county, Shanxi provience. Some proposals were also put forward in order to offer some theoretical foundation for high school students from Hongtong county to conduct after-class basketball activity.%采用文献资料、问卷调查、逻辑分析、数理统计等研究方法,对洪洞县高中学生从课余篮球活动的价值认知、开展内容与组织形式、参加时间与频率、参与动机、男女比例及影响因素等进行调查与分析,并提出建议,旨在为洪洞县高级中学高中学生课余篮球活动的开展提供参考。

  19. A Comparison between Transfer and Introduction Conditions of Chinese and American Professional Basketball Players%对中美职业篮球队员转会和引进条件的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王益权

    2011-01-01

    With the methods of literature review,expert interview and comparative analysis,from the aspect of institutions,the object and the social background,the league development degree and limited means,this paper made comparison on the transfer and the introduction conditions of Chinese and American professional basketball players and analyzed the disadvantages of Chinese transfer system,in order to find reasons,put forward suggestions and provide references for Chinese basketball professionalization and marketability.%运用文献资料法、专家访谈法和比较分析法,从机构、对象、社会背景、联赛发展程度和限制手段等方面,对中美职业篮球球员转会和引进条件进行了比较,分析我国转会制度不完善的地方,找出原因,提出改进意见,为中国篮球市场化、职业化的进一步发展提供参考。

  20. Common Sports Injury and Prevention Methods in Basketball Teaching and Training%篮球课堂教学与训练中常见的运动损伤及预防方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈富荣

    2014-01-01

    在篮球课堂教学与训练中,体育教师应根据篮球运动的特点,了解运动损伤的部位、预防方法,掌握运动损伤的预防措施,从而保护学生的身心健康,使青少年积极参与到此项运动中来,学会比赛和健身是体育教师和教练员的最终目标。%In the basketball teaching and training, physical education teachers should be based on the characteristics of basketball, under-stand the part of the sports injury, prevention,sports injury prevention measures, to protect the students’physical and mental health, make the youth friends actively participate in the sport, learn to match and fitness is the ultimate goal of physical education teachers and coaches.