WorldWideScience

Sample records for basin marine corps

  1. Marine Corps Leadership: Empowering or Limiting the Strategic Corporal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    was the advent of the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program. This program is focused on continuing the development of Marines through challenging training...author by Mr. Daniel Weidensaul. 21 United States Marine Corps, Marine Corps Order 1500.54A: Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (Washington, D.C...United States Marine Corps. Marine Corps Order 1500.54A: Marine Corps Martial Arts Program. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters United States Marine Corps, 16

  2. Islamic Cultural Sensitivity in the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-19

    Marine Corps. Others argue that the newly revised Counterinsurgency Field Manual and implementation of the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program...also argued that the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program highlights the fact that issues such as winning the hearts and minds and respect for

  3. Marine Corps expeditionary rifle platoon energy burden

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited In 2009, the Commandant of the Marine Corps declared energy a top priority and created the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Expeditionary Energy Office to develop an energy strategy to reduce and optimize energy usage throughout the Marine Corps. This thesis examines the operational tasks and capabilities that drive the current USMC rifle platoon’s energy burdens using an Expeditionary Warrior 2012 war-game scenario. The primary conclusion of ...

  4. The Marine Corps Challenges in Creating a Diverse Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    commissioned officers. Other forms of racism included barring African-Americans from the Marine Corps, Coast Guard, and Army Air Corps, and the Navy only...did not believe in equality for African Americans. This was evident because, during WWII racism was a widespread problem in the Marine Corps which...of racism within officer leadership, becoming a permanent part of the Marine Corps organizational culture for years to come. The racial barriers in

  5. Marine Corps Drug Prevention Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    67 APPENDIX A: SUPPLEMENTAL FOCUS GROUP TOPICS.................................................... 67 Poolees...little cost. One DDRC pointed out examples of Air Force bases having plenty of accessible and available gyms , as well as many basketball courts. She...conflicting roles put SACOs at a disadvantage in fulfilling their assignments. They must simultaneously teach, befriend, and monitor the Marines in

  6. Asthma in the Navy and Marine Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, J P; Baez, S A

    1991-09-01

    Today, asthma is an increasing health problem in young Americans. In some cases, it can be quite difficult to diagnose. Many individuals enter military service each year with undiagnosed asthma, which subsequently limits their performance of duty. We review the patterns of asthma in children and young adults and relate this to Navy and Marine Corps personnel. We also review the current evaluation of this disease in the U.S. Navy Medical Department and suggest future improvements in this evaluation.

  7. U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command and the Selected Marine Corps Reserve

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    Peters , Brian Shannon, and Matthew E. Boyer, National Guard Special Forces: Enhancing the Contributions of Reserve Component Army Special Operations...www.marsoc.marines.mil/Units/MarineSpecialOperationsSchool.aspx 28 Duke and Landis, 56-60. 29 Robeson, 85-88. 30 Michelle Dolfini-Reed with Kirby ...World War II to the Present. New York: Berkley, 2004. Dolfini-Reed, Michelle, and Kirby Bowling. An Analysis of Marine Corps Reserve Recruiting and

  8. Lightening the Load: Toning the Marine Corps’ Information Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-18

    other services Marine Corps information technology was, and the first time I was ever embarrassed by that knowledge. Today the Marine Corps is just...its efforts and develop lighter, smaller, simpler, scalable, autonomous, and common information technology for all echelons of Command throughout the...MAGTF to maintain its expeditionary nature. To maintain its edge as the nation’s force-in-readiness, the Corps needs its information technology equipment

  9. An Analysis of Management Techniques and Their Impact on the Marine Corps in a Navy Marine Corps Intranet Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    implemented as part of ITIL is no exception. Management is responsible for taking appropriate steps to reduce the chances of a security incident ...Knowledge Management , Information Technology Infrastructure Library, ITIL , Real Options, Marine Corps Enterprise Network, MCEN, U.S. Marine Corps...Service Management Forum, July 2004).................47 Figure 11. The ITIL security management process (IT Service Management Forum, July 2004

  10. Commercial Mobile Device Technology Implementation Implications in United States Marine Corps Processes: A Case Study Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Martial Arts Program MCRC Marine Corps Recruiting Command MCRD Marine Corps Recruit Depot MCRP Marine Corps Reference Publication MCU Marine Corps... Martial Arts Program (MCMAP), Chemical Biological Radiological & Nuclear (CBRN) training, and annual administrative training. Additionally, the...K., & Garstka, J. J. (1998). Network-centric warfare: Its origin and future. US Naval Institute Proceedings, 124(1), 28–35. Retrieved from http

  11. Evaluation of Marine Corps Manpower Computer Simulation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    MARINE CORPS MANPOWER COMPUTER SIMULATION MODEL by Eric S. Anderson December 2016 Thesis Advisor: Arnold Buss Second Reader: Neil Rowe...Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE EVALUATION OF MARINE CORPS MANPOWER COMPUTER SIMULATION MODEL 5. FUNDING NUMBERS ACCT: 622716 JON...overall end strength are maintained. To assist their mission, an agent-based computer simulation model was developed in the Java computer language

  12. Developing a United States Marine Corps Organizational and Intermediate Level Maintenance Performance Cost Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Marine Corps Integrated Maintenance Management System MIPR Military Interdepartmental Purchase Request MLG Marine Corps Logistics Unit MOSIS ...D. (1997). An examination of the Marine Operating and Support Information System ( MOSIS ) as a mechanism for linking resources to readiness for

  13. Criteria for Evaluating United States Marine Corps Installation Strategic Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    business success for the organization. The scoring weights emphasize those items identified in Marine Corps strategic documents as being of...should use this or a similar process to evaluate themselves. This system helps installations focus on keys to business success . If the Marine

  14. Marines in the Boxer Rebellion as a Model for Current Marine Corps Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Security Group ....................................................................... 45 Marine Corps Operations during the Cold War ...47 vii Post- Cold War Operations...naval gun crews in most of the major naval battles of the war .17 After the Civil War , the Marine Corps returned to Asia in support of national

  15. Diversity and Black Officer Integration in the U.S. Marine Corps for 2011 and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    Press, 1986. Shaw , Jr., Henry I., and Ralph W. Dmmelly. Blacks in the Marine Corps. History and Museums Division, Headquarters Marine Corps...fightingforrespect.aspx Binkin, Martin, Mark J. Eitelberg, Alvin J. Schexnider, and Marvin M. Smith. Blacks and the Military: Studies in Defense Policy...192. 7 Henry I. Shaw , Jr. and Ralph W. Donnelly, Blacks in the Marine Corps (History and Museums Division, Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington

  16. Suitability Screening Test for Marine Corps Air Traffic Controllers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    attitude.” “It is important to be able to think on your feet. They need to be able to communicate . Introverts may have a hard time with this job...NCAPS is part of a comprehensive selection system for the Navy Special Operations (SEAL) community . NCAPS selection system development work is also...with the Marine Corps ATC community expanded opportunities to develop a comprehensive selection system for Marine ATCs that includes a tailored NCAPS

  17. Marine Corps Intelligence for War as It Really Is

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    EDGAR LEARD June 1991 Thesis Advisor: Thomas B, Grassey Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 92-06393 Unclassified Security...Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited MARINE CORPS INTELLIGENCE FOR WAR AS IT REALLY IS by Thomas Edgar Leard Captain, United States Marine...computer that will be the primary data entry device for all automated intelligence information systems (Kane & Morin , 1989, pp. 57-58). It weighs 35

  18. A Rebuttal to the 2010 Marine Corps Operating Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    Vietnam. Within six months of crossing the beaches at Da Nang, the Marine Corps launched OPERATION STARLITE ; the first regimental-size battle fought...47 DeHavilland bombers in the defense of Ocotal in 1927, the execution of Operation Starlite in

  19. The Future of Marine Corps Command and Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-16

    Marine Corps Concept Paper, Operational Maneuver From The Sea, "Chaos In The Littorals" available from <http// ismo - wwwl.usmc.mil/concepts...In The Littorals". Available from <http// ismo - wwwl.mqg.usmc.mil/concepts/omfts.htm>. Internet. Accessed 6 December 1997. 9. Tzu, Sun

  20. Energy Resiliency for Marine Corps Logistics Base Production Plant Barstow

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Barstow, we would like to thank Mr. Paul Florez and Mr. Tony Mesa for their critical energy-related inputs. At Marine Corps Logistics Command...Production Plant Barstow, we would like to thank Mrs. Alicia Florez and Mr. John Peterson for hosting us and creating a detailed picture of the inner

  1. Marine Corps Transition Team Program in Iraq: Mission Accomplished

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    to Mission Accomplishment.. .................................................................... 21 Figures Figure 1. MATIS Score Improvement...CORPS ADVISOR TRAINING IMPACT SYSTEM ( MATIS ) The Interaction Research Institute (IRI), a private company, conducted a study that measured advisor...study specifically focused on I Marine Expeditionary Force sourced transition teams who deployed to OIF from October 2007- September 2009. The : MATIS

  2. Army and Marine Corps Active Protection System (APS) Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-30

    Eastern Europe ....................... 4 Basic APS Considerations and Theory ... Information .......................................................................................................... 27 Army and Marine Corps Active...steel armor, which detonates when struck by a projectile in order to disrupt the armor- piercing jet produced by RPG, ATGM, and main gun-shaped

  3. Marine Corps Diver’s Backpack/Battery Assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A diver’s backpack /battery assembly was developed for the Naval Medical Research Institute for eventual Marine Corps use in shallow water diving. The...assembly was a modified MK VIII underwater breathing apparatus backpack with a 28-volt Silvercel battery in a housing mounted in place of the left

  4. Marine Corps Expeditionary Rifle Platoon Energy Burden

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    18  Figure 2.  Typical Platoon Flashlight and NVGs .............................................................33  x THIS...Terrain and Troops MEU Marine Expeditionary Unit MRP Marine Rifle Platoon NVG Night Vision Goggles SAW Squad automatic weapon SPOD Seaport...conditions may be such that pickup from a central point is impossible, and supplies are therefore delivered by helicopter or fixed-wing aircraft (HQ USMC

  5. An Organizational Analysis of Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    generations, e.g., Gen-X and millennials . e. Process/Subsystems This design factor addresses: 1. Financial Management, Measurement and Controls...As the RTR CO says, “the beauty of this place is just basic Marine Corps leadership. MOS regardless.”70 More specifically, it’s “leadership...The fact that we can question what we are doing is beautiful .”74 He has begun a planning culture within Depot staff offices. Such thinking in

  6. 2006 Marine Corps Systems Command Advanced Planning Briefing to Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-14

    WIN” Marriott Baltimore Waterfront Hotel Baltimore, Maryland April 13 - 14, 2006 Advanced Planning Briefing to Industry 2006 MARINE CORPS SYSTEMS...Planning Briefing to Industry Day April 13 - 14, 2006, at the Marriott Baltimore Waterfront Hotel , Baltimore, Maryland. The MCSC has not had an...or operations officers will be manning the displays. They will be able to answer questions and make appointments. This kiosk will be giving out MCSC

  7. Reframing Marine Corps Distributed Operations and Enhanced Company Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-21

    Coming Anarchy, (New York: Random House, 2000). 12 Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, (New York, New...Schmidle, Robert E. "Distributed Operations: From the Sea." Marine Corps Gazette, (July 2004): 37-41. Tovar , Edward K. and Lyons, Dwight. "Top...1994. Heifetz, Ronald A. and Linsky, Marty. Leadership on the Line. USA: Harvard Business School Press, 2002. Huntington, Samuel P. The Clash of

  8. Utilization of Graduate Education in the United States Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    group receives. For example, when examining test tubes for catalytic reactions of enzymes when added to a specific substrate, the control test tube...remain a constant force multiplier and act as a. model for high retention strategy. 14. SUBJECT TERl"\\IS Utilization, tmited states marine corps...remain a constant force multiplier and act as a model for high retention strategy. vi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE OF

  9. Optimizing Marine Corps pilot conversion to the Joint Strike Fighter

    OpenAIRE

    Holloway, Shannon V.

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The United States Marine Corps is replacing its fixed wing fighter and attack aircraft with the new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Retirement of F/A-18 Hornets and AV-8B Harriers will make their associated military occupational specialties obsolete. The conversion of personnel to the new aircraft must be carefully managed to ensure appropriate manning levels for the Joint Strike Fighter, while maintaining adequate quantities of experienced...

  10. Carbon Sequestration at United States Marine Corps Installations West

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-20

    California /Mexico, -96 to -155 g C m -2 determined under normal weather conditions by Luo et al. (2007) for a mature semiarid chaparral ecosystem in...Reno, Nevada May, 2013 2 Introduction A two phase project was designed to assist Marine Corps...project might be especially important for MCI West are 1), they will assist efforts to comply with California state regulations (AB32) which requires

  11. The Need to Increase Marine Corps Special Operations Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    within DoD and with SOF during the 1980 to 1984 timeframe following poor performances in Operations Eagle Claw (Iran attempted hostage rescue , 1980...execute "special operations." The MSPF was one of the elements of the MEV SOC that enabled the Marine Corps to respond to hostage situations, terrorists...Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSPECWARCOM), Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), and MARSOe. The Joint Special Operations Command ( JSOC

  12. Expeditionary Logistics: How the Marine Corps Supports Its Expeditionary Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    logistical capabilities must be a primary goal going forward. As the requirements of our expeditionary forces change, the method and makeup of the...primary means by which the Marine Corps has conducted expeditionary operations. The makeup and scale of the MEU is similar to that of both the MEF and... shadow of a group that established the ground work for this research (Kundra, Brown, & Donaldson, 2014). While the analysis and content of the research

  13. Analysis of Marine Corps Renewable Energy Planning to Meet Installation Energy Security Requirements

    OpenAIRE

    Chisom, Christopher M.; Templeton, Jack C.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze Marine Corps installation energy consumption and the pursuit of increased renewable energy generation goals across Marine Corps installations. The main objective of this report is to determine the cost of interruption and the net present value (NPV) of renewable energy generation needed to meet the Marine Corps energy security objectives. First, we determine installation-specific energy consump...

  14. The Marine Corps as an Ambidextrous Mixed Martial Artist for the 2025 Fight

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Virginia 2 2 I 34-5068 MASTER OF OPERATIONAL PLANNING TITLE: The Marine Corps as an Ambidextrous Mixed Martial Artist for the 2025 Fight SUBMITTED...SUBTITLE The Marine Corps as an Ambidextrous Mixed Martial Artist for the 2025 Fight 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER...Corps of 2025 must be an ambidextrous mixed martial artist, equally adept at fighting a MTW or a small war, or both simultaneously. Only by achieving

  15. 75 FR 65278 - Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger Zones for Marine Corps Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... of Engineers, Department of the Army 33 CFR Part 334 Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger... its regulations to establish one new danger zone in Pamlico Sound near Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina. Establishment of this danger zone will enable the Marine Corps to control...

  16. The Use of Social Media to Maximize Energy Performance in the United States Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Millennials , includes the largest age group by percentage within the Marine Corps. In order to effectively communicate with the Millennials , the...Marine Corps, as well as private sectors business, must connect with them in an environment that is natural and effective from the Millennial

  17. The STOVL Joint Strike Fighter in Support of the 21st Century Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    34Marine Corps Lessons Learned System," #00443- 81346 , 7 September 1989. 151 Charles O. Skipper, Col, USMC, "Can We Fuel OMFTS?," Gazette, January...html, 16 November 1996, Burkett, LtCol, USMC, "Marine Corps Lessons Learned System," #00443- 81346 , 7 September 1989. Brown, Neville

  18. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph J. Knapik

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women. The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users were coffee (65%, colas (54%, teas (40%, and energy drinks (28%. Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day was higher.

  19. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Trone, Daniel W; McGraw, Susan; Steelman, Ryan A; Austin, Krista G; Lieberman, Harris R

    2016-10-09

    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs) completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users) were coffee (65%), colas (54%), teas (40%), and energy drinks (28%). Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week) included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher.

  20. An analysis of factors affecting affiliation in the Marine Corps Reserves

    OpenAIRE

    Volkmann, Benny; Shapiro, Adam; Barnes, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The purpose of this study is to examine key factors in Marine Corps Reserve turnover in order to better understand reservists’ decisions to affiliate in the United States Marine Corps. Across the Marine Force Reserve there are communities, occupational fields, and grades with persistent manning shortfalls in non–obligor populations. Non– obligor reservists are those who serve at their own discretion, with each individual reservist havi...

  1. Enhancement of Marine Corps’ Recruiting and Retention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    and reputation. The Corps has good marketing techniques due to enhancements in its marketing strategy since 2004. The Corps’ understaffing of Career...year than it has in the past to grow the Corps from 186,490 to 202,000 by fiscal year 2011. An analysis of the Corps’ environment and marketing ... strategy reveals strengths and weaknesses that can be exploited or mitigated to enhance recruiting and retention. The Corps’ execution of its mission and

  2. 33 CFR 334.790 - Sabine River at Orange, Tex.; restricted area in vicinity of the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....; restricted area in vicinity of the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Center. 334.790 Section 334.790 Navigation... and Marine Corps Reserve Center. (a) The area. The berthing area of the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve.... Government or those duly authorized by the Commanding Officer, Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Center,...

  3. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Marine Corps Search and Rescue (SAR): A Study of Alternatives for Marine Corps Air Stations at Cherry Point and Yuma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    MCAGCC Marine Corps Air–Ground Combat Center MAPE Mean Absolute Percentage Error MAWTS Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron MCAS Marine...MSE), mean absolute deviation (MAD), and the mean absolute percentage error ( MAPE ) to measure accuracy of the forecast. The time series CPH data...Descriptive Statistics Data Values 10 Minimum $5,496 Mean $8,270 Maximum $10,197 Standard Deviation $1,221 Accuracy RMSE $1,320 MAD $911 MAPE 10.28% Method

  4. 33 CFR 334.420 - Pamlico Sound and adjacent waters, N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations. 334.420 Section 334.420 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.420 Pamlico Sound and adjacent waters, N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations....

  5. 76 FR 30023 - Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger Zones for Marine Corps Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... of Engineers, Department of the Army 33 CFR Part 334 Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger.... SUMMARY: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is amending its regulations to establish a new danger zone. This danger zone will enable the Marine Corps to control access and movement of persons, vessels and...

  6. Marine Corps Center for Lessons Learned. Volume 8, Issue 11, November 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    There a Difference in How Marines Value and Use Culture? by Wendy Chambers, PhD, and Basema Maki. Over 1,650 Marines participated in the latest CAOCL...perseverance and service! READ THE REVIEW BY HODGE WOOD MILITARY WRITERS SOCIETY OF AMERICA ONLINE RETURN TO TABLE OF CONTENTS The Marine Corps

  7. United States Marine Corps Career Designation Board: Significant Factors in Predicting Selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Total Force Data Warehouse USMC United States Marine Corps USNA United States Naval Academy WTI Weapons and Tactics Instructor XO...Tactics Instructor ( WTI ), Professional Military Education (PME) complete, and Special Education/Advanced Degree Programs’ graduates had a

  8. Marine Corps Joint Officer Management Policy and O-7 Joint Service Officer Requirements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eck, Larry R

    2007-01-01

    .... The research was conducted at the request of Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps to review current policies and their effectiveness in supporting the requirements in the FY 2005 National Defense Authorization Act...

  9. The Marine Corps Civil Military Operations (CMO) Capability: Inadequate for Current and Future Irregular Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    training, used it to navigate their way through uncertain conditions. For example, in Iraq in May, 2003, the commander of the First B attal iot ~, 𔄁Lh...again the struggle for survival of the Marine Corps as an autonomous branch ’ of the armed services will rear its Llgly head. The Marine Corps is...compete with such traditional budget buste1:s as fighter aircraft and amphibious assault vehicles . But then the CMO challenge is more of an intellectual

  10. Distributed Agent-Based Networks in Support of Advanced Marine Corps Command and Control Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    capabilities that Mobile Ad Hoc Networking ( MANET ) technologies can provide to the Marine Corps are just fully coming into view. These new...Management System, NMS, Tactical Mobile Ad hoc Networks, MANET , Agent-based, Policy-Based, Distributed Networks, Autonomic Networks 15. NUMBER OF...ABSTRACT The capabilities that Mobile Ad Hoc Networking ( MANET ) technologies can provide to the Marine Corps are just fully coming into view. These

  11. An Analysis of the Marine Corps Reserve Appropriations (1960-1999)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    States and Soviet Union would be a long drawn out affair most likely fought on European soil. Such a scenario would definitely favor the deployment...demonstrated that espirit de corps which is the heritage of all Marines."’ 7 5BGen. Russell A. Bowen, "Reserve Report," Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 51...missile cri4sis in 1962, added more tension to an already bitter relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Vietnam War was also

  12. Performance Analysis of the United States Marine Corps War Reserve Materiel Program Process Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS...PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS WAR RESERVE MATERIEL PROGRAM PROCESS FLOW 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Nathan A. Campbell...an item is requested but not maintained in the WRM inventory. By conducting a process analysis and using computer modeling, our recommendations are

  13. Diesel fuel to dc power: Navy & Marine Corps Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bloomfield, D.P. [Analytic Power Corp., Boston, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    During the past year Analytic Power has tested fuel cell stacks and diesel fuel processors for US Navy and Marine Corps applications. The units are 10 kW demonstration power plants. The USN power plant was built to demonstrate the feasibility of diesel fueled PEM fuel cell power plants for 250 kW and 2.5 MW shipboard power systems. We designed and tested a ten cell, 1 kW USMC substack and fuel processor. The complete 10 kW prototype power plant, which has application to both power and hydrogen generation, is now under construction. The USN and USMC fuel cell stacks have been tested on both actual and simulated reformate. Analytic Power has accumulated operating experience with autothermal reforming based fuel processors operating on sulfur bearing diesel fuel, jet fuel, propane and natural gas. We have also completed the design and fabrication of an advanced regenerative ATR for the USMC. One of the significant problems with small fuel processors is heat loss which limits its ability to operate with the high steam to carbon ratios required for coke free high efficiency operation. The new USMC unit specifically addresses these heat transfer issues. The advances in the mill programs have been incorporated into Analytic Power`s commercial units which are now under test.

  14. Depot Maintenance: Improved Strategic Planning Needed to Ensure That Army and Marine Corps Depots Can Meet Future Maintenance Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    of Representatives DEPOT MAINTENANCE Improved Strategic Planning Needed to Ensure That Army and Marine Corps Depots Can Meet Future...Depot Maintenance. Improved Strategic Planning Needed to Ensure That Army and Marine Corps Depots Can Meet Future Maintenance Requirements 5a... Strategic Planning Needed to Ensure That Army and Marine Corps Depots Can Meet Future Maintenance Requirements Highlights of GAO-09-865, a report to

  15. Marine Corps Installations National Capital RegionRegional Contracting Office Generally Implemented Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    Corps Installations National Capital Region–Regional Contracting Office Generally Implemented Recommendations J U LY 2 9 , 2 0 1 6 Report No...Installations National Capital Region–Regional Contracting Office Generally Implemented Recommendations Objective We determined whether the Marine...Corps Regional Contracting Office–National Capital Region implemented the recommendations in Report No. DODIG-2015-095, “Small Business Contracting

  16. Mexican Marine Corps in the Struggle for Scalable Security and Its Potential as a Guarantor of the Mexican Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    Corps University 2076 South Street Marine Corps Combat Development Command Quantico, Virginia 22134-5068 MASTER OF MiLITARY STUDIES MEXICAN MARfNE...support of the Mexican Navy, which sent me to increase my humble abilities; as well as of the University of the United States Marine Corps, which allowed...7 See Osorio, Diego Enrique. El cartel de Sinaloa: Una historia del uso político del narco.. México: Random House Mondadori

  17. The Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission’s Blended Retirement Plan: Implications for Marine Corps Force Management Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Distribution Unlimited The Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission’s Blended Retirement Plan ...Implications for Marine Corps Force Management Objectives James Grefer, Ann Parcell, Robert P. Trost, Jared Huff, William Komiss, Robert Shuford, Omer...retirement system (BRS) on various U.S. Marine Corps force management objectives (FMOs). We estimated the effect of the retirement system changes on active

  18. 32 CFR 728.74 - Applicants for appointment in the regular Navy or Marine Corps and reserve components, including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... or Marine Corps and reserve components, including members of the reserve components who apply for... Persons § 728.74 Applicants for appointment in the regular Navy or Marine Corps and reserve components, including members of the reserve components who apply for active duty. (a) Necessary medical...

  19. Cost Analysis of Utilizing Electric Vehicles and Photovoltaic Solar Energy in the United States Marine Corps Commercial Vehicle Fleet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    The purpose of this MBA project is to examine the upfront cost associated with purchasing electric vehicles and installing photovoltaic (PV) solar...analysis for implementing Low Speed Vehicle (LSV), Pure Electric Vehicles (PEV), and PV solar electric energy in the United States Marine Corps commercial vehicle fleet at Marine Corps Logistics Base Barstow.

  20. U.S. Marine Corps Enlisted Retention: An Analysis of Stakeholder Incentives for the Retention of Tier 1 First-Term Marines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Marine Corps Martial Arts Program MMEA Enlisted Assignments branch MOS military occupational specialty MPP Manpower Plans and Policy M&RA Manpower...proficiency and conduct markings, rifle scores, and Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) belt attainment, and meritorious promotion occasions

  1. 77 FR 60687 - Record of Decision for the U.S. Marine Corps Basewide Water Infrastructure Project at Marine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    ... construction, operation, and maintenance of a new Northern Advanced Water Treatment plant and associated facilities, an effluent discharge system, and connection of the MCBCP northern and southern water systems... Department of the Navy Record of Decision for the U.S. Marine Corps Basewide Water Infrastructure Project...

  2. HEMOS (Hemologic Expert Marine Operational Support): An Expert Support System Prototype for Forecasting Blood Requirements for Marine Corps Medical Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    expert support system which would be aplIcable to the United States Marine Corps (USMC) environment, data was required which historically depicted...minicomputer using the DATE data field - with an SPSS -X utility randomization function [Ref. 511. These segments are displayed in Appendix D. The HEMOS

  3. Marine Corps Values-Based Ethics Training: A Recipe to Reduce Misconduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    corpses of dead Taliban fighters. The Marines, either non-commissioned officers or junior staff non- commissioned officers, were punished via court...been reinforced during the present fiscal turmoil. Threatened with extinction after World War II, the Marine Corps succeeded in gaining legal...barracks, for example), emphasis on collective punishment (still used in basic training but less emphasized afterwards) and collective rewards, buddy

  4. Analysis of United States Marine Corps operations in support of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief

    OpenAIRE

    Gastrock, Jared R.; Iturriaga, Juan J.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. In order to improve the effectiveness of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) response to future international humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR) missions, an analysis of the demands created by such disasters as well as the capabilities of the USMC is necessary. This research focuses on the primary response organization within the USMC, the Marine expeditionary unit (MEU),and those resources available to the MEU to condu...

  5. The Sundown of the United States Marine Corps Naval Flight Officer Military Occupational Specialties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    prove that all NFOs have a future in Marine Corps Aviation. 15. SUBJECT TERMS USMC, NFO, WSO, EWO, ECMO , FAG 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17...Officer ( ECMO ) to target Surface to Air Radars during the Vietnam War and was subsequently replaced by the four-seat E/A-6B. The OV-10 Bronco, roc in

  6. Factors Affecting the Performance of Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Marine Corps Enlistees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    demographic groups, and can provide the Marine Corps with decision support for creating interventions to enhance job performance, retention and promotion...Combat Camera); othe1w ise =0 OccFld 55 =1 ifOccFld=55 ( Music ); othe1w ise =0 OccFld 57 =1 if OccFld=57 (Chemical, Biological, Radiological and

  7. Employment of Command and Control Systems within the U.S. Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Aaron B.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify potential barriers to the effective employment of command and control (C2) systems to enhance warfighter readiness. Five research hypotheses guided this study, which addressed the perception of the effective employment of Marine Corps C2 systems based on demographic characteristics, which included:…

  8. Injury Reduction Effectiveness of Assigning Running Shoes Based on Plantar Shape in Marine Corps Basic Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    and unspecified sites), and 728.71 (plan- tar fascial fibromatosis). Tal)le 1 shows the person-time injury incidence rates for the various injury...decreased. In summary, the advantages of the current Marine Corps study were that it (l) involved a randomized prospective design manipulating only one

  9. Fully Burdened Cost of Energy Analysis: A Model for Marine Corps Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    and comic relief necessary during the more stressful times. I would also like to thank my extended family for instilling the value of education in me... history . After graduating from the Naval Postgraduate School, he will be reporting to the Cost and Analysis branch of Marine Corps Systems Command in

  10. Distance education: a case study with applications for DoD and the Marine Corps

    OpenAIRE

    Biggs, Christopher H.

    1994-01-01

    Approved for public release, distribution unlimited This thesis is a qualitative analysis in the field of distance education. The author's research first established what technology is required for an organization to engage in distance education. Next, an argument was made through interviews throughout DoD and the Marine Corps indicating that implementation of distance education required strategic thinking and vision. Standardizing, outsou...

  11. A methodology to assess the benefit of operational or tactic adjustments to reduce Marine Corps fuel consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Burns, Joseph; Cibull, Sarah; Gardner, Benjamin; Monera, Shaun; Streeter, Jared; Colby, Dye; Team E2O; Cohort 311-142M

    2015-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited TheUnited States Marine Corps is too dependent on fossil fuel, which leaves logistics fuel support and supply lines vulnerable to attack, potentially degrading Marine Corps capabilities and ultimately putting Marines at risk. A need exists to identify doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) changes that provide a positive impact on energy efficiency while maintaining or ...

  12. Effectiveness of the United States Marine Corps Tiered Evaluation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    effectiveness. 14. SUBJECT TERl’\\IS Tiered Evaluation System, First Tenn Alignment Program, Quality, Retention 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 17. SECURITY...Crider Approved by: Jeremy A. Arkes Thesis Advisor Chad W. Seagren Co-Advisor William Gates Dean, Graduate School of Business...Lastly, first- tenn Marine re-enlistees must possess a high school diploma or altemate credential (Headquatiers, United States Marine C01ps, 2010

  13. Analysis of the Pull-Up Requirement in the U.S. Marine Corps Physical Fitness Test for Female Marines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    below). The first interviewee was Robert Fontecchio, owner/coach of Systematic Strength, a Crossfit Affiliate Gym located at Pacific Grove, CA...Questions 2 and 3 ask respondents if they believe the policy change creates closer equality between the sexes in the Marine Corps, and if respondents...10, 56.3 percent of respondents Strongly Agree or Agree that pull-ups creates closer equality between the sexes , with 17.2 percent feeling neutral

  14. MARINE CORPS ASIA PACIFIC REALIGNMENT: DOD Should Resolve Capability Deficiencies and Infrastructure Risks and Revise Cost Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    level schedules are consistent with one another. A risk assessment is a part of the program’s overall risk management process in w hich risks are...level schedules are consistent with one another. eA risk assessment is a part of the program’s overall risk - management process in w hich risks are...Additionally, the Marine Corps has not completed its risk - management plan for infrastructure construction in Guam. Specifically, the Marine Corps has not

  15. An Evaluation of the Marine Corps IDT Travel Reimbursement Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    to the Government’s Unlimited Rights license as defined in DFARS 252.227-7013 and/or DFARS 252.227-7014. The reproduction of this work for...program served 609 Marines and executed around $714,000 of the allotted $1.6 mil- lion in FY 2013. For the most part, the data suggest little abuse of

  16. Immersive Simulation for Marine Corps Small Unit Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    auditory, and olfactory stimuli. The IIT exposes the young Marine to the environment of indigenous sights, sounds and smells to practice small...comprehensive market survey of the technology space – but will not actually advance the technology. The Institute for Creative Technologies (ICT

  17. Central Heating Plant site characterization report, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-08-01

    This report presents the methodology and results of a characterization of the operation and maintenance (O M) environment at the US Marine Corps (USMC) Quantico, Virginia, Central Heating Plant (CHP). This characterization is part of a program intended to provide the O M staff with a computerized artificial intelligence (AI) decision support system that will assist the plant staff in more efficient operation of their plant. 3 refs., 12 figs.

  18. Leveraging to Win: The Marine Corps Confronts the Intelligence Challenges of Social Media Versus Operations Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    But how to achieve this goal and how can the Marine Corps leverage this capability? The body of tlus paper will discuss the process of selecting a...yesteryear (Sharp 2009).ൗ · It was the generation bom in and after 1982 that incorporated the social media scene into everyday life. " Millennials ,൘...Expectations are low that the military could thwart every attempt to tarnish the image of the forces via social media but by using official sites

  19. 2012 U.S. Marine Corps S&T Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    coordination. -- AVN STO-3: Sand and dust- penetrating radar , providing precision (landing quality) navigation video in brownout and dust-out...Corps. As you read this plan, you will find that it addresses capability needs for each of the elements of our Marine Air- Ground Task Force as well...Performance • Landmine and Improvised Explosive Device (IED) countermeasures (to include both detection, induced pre-detonation, and survivability

  20. Segregation versus Integration: The Racial Policy of the Marine Corps from 1942-1962

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-21

    quickly diminished. “Paralleling the rise of Jim Crow and legalized segregation in much of America was the cutback in the number of Black sailors, who...intended more to appease the Negro press and other ‘interested’ In essence, these officers felt the social transformation of America should occur in the...abolished segregation, it still was far from being fully integrated. Racism was still prevalent and the Marine Corps continued to place restriction on the

  1. Central Heating Plant site characterization report, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-08-01

    This report presents the methodology and results of a characterization of the operation and maintenance (O M) environment at the US Marine Corps (USMC) Quantico, Virginia, Central Heating Plant (CHP). This characterization is part of a program intended to provide the O M staff with a computerized artificial intelligence (AI) decision support system that will assist the plant staff in more efficient operation of their plant. 3 refs., 12 figs.

  2. The use of social media to maximize energy performance in the United States Marine Corps

    OpenAIRE

    Reed, Matthew B.; McIntyre, Donald M.; Gatchalian, Nomer I.

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This research identified social media strategies that could be useful for influencing energy consumption behavior in the United States Marine Corps. We reviewed literature on social learning and media choice that allowed us to develop a media fit/social learning interaction framework for analysis purposes. Using this framework, we conducted a comparative case analysis of eight social media campaigns that varied on factors such as organ...

  3. Designing Incentives for Marine Corps Cyber Workforce Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    breaches, hacking and other cybercrimes during the past four decades. Early federal efforts to combat cyber crime were reactive rather than proactive...and were slowly implemented. Hacking telephone networks started in the 1970s, but the first anti- hacking law was not implemented until 1984. Previous...development of new skills and the opportunity 38 to earn additional certifications such as Certified Ethical Hacker. Additionally, Marines placed

  4. Formation and evolution of the Chinese marine basins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    There are plenty of petroleum resources in the Chinese marine basins, which will be the potential exploration regions of petroleum in the 21 st century. The formation and evolution of the Chinese marine basins have mainly undergone two major tectonic epochs and five tectonic evolution stages. The first major tectonic epoch is the early Paleozoic plate divergence and drifting epoch during which the marine basins were formed, and the second one is the late Paleozoic plate convergence and collision epoch during which the pre-existent marine basins were superimposed and modified. The five tectonic northward collage and convergence of continental plates and the development of the paralic sedimencollage and the superimposition of lacustrine basins controlled by the inland subsidence during Late erosion or breakage of marine basins influenced by the plate tectonic activities of Neo-Tethys Ocean sion and basin-range coupling in the margin of the marine basins caused by the collision between India and Eurasia Plates and its long-distance effect since Neocene. The process of the tectonic evolution has controlled the petroleum geologic characteristics of Chinese marine basins, and a material foundation for the formation of oil and gas reservoirs has been built up via the formation of Paleozoic marine basins, and the Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic superimposition and modification have controlled the key conditions of hydrocarbon accumulation and preservation. From the Late Proterozoic to the Early Paleozoic, the stratigraphic sequences of the deep-water shale and continental margin marine carbonate rocks in the ancient plate floating in the oceans have developed high-quality marine source rocks and reef-shoal reservoirs. In Late Paleozoic, the crustal plates converged and uplifted into continent and the paleouplifts in the intra-cratonic basins have become good reservoirs of hydrocarbon migration and accumulation, and paralic coal beds have formed regional cap rocks. The Mesozoic

  5. Immunoendocrine alterations following Marine Corps Martial Arts training are associated with changes in moral cognitive processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siedlik, Jacob A; Deckert, Jake A; Clopton, Aaron W; Gigliotti, Nicole; Chan, Marcia A; Benedict, Stephen H; Herda, Trent J; Gallagher, Philip M; Vardiman, John P

    2016-02-01

    Combined physical and psychological stress events have been associated with exacerbated endocrine responses and increased alterations in immune cell trafficking when compared to exercise stress alone. Military training programs are rigorous in nature and often purposefully delivered in environments combining high levels of both physical and mental stress. The objective of this study was to assess physiological and cognitive changes following U.S. Marine Corps Martial Arts training. Seven active-duty, male Marines were observed during a typical Marine Corps Martial Arts training session. Immune parameters, including immunomodulatory cytokines, and hormone concentrations were determined from blood samples obtained at baseline, immediately post training (IP) and at 15min intervals post-training to 1h (R15, R30, R45, R60). Assessments of cognitive moral functioning (moral judgment and intent) were recorded at intervals during recovery. There were significant fluctuations in immunoendocrine parameters. Peak endocrine measures were observed within the IP-R15 time interval. Distributions of circulating immune cells were significantly altered with neutrophils and all lymphocyte subsets elevated at IP. IFN-γ and IL-17a exhibited small, non-significant, parallel increases over the recovery period. Moral functioning was informed by different social identities during the recovery resulting in changes in moral decision-making. These data demonstrate that the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program induces significant alterations in lymphocyte and leukocyte distributions, but does not shift the balance of Th1/Th2 cytokines or induce a systemic inflammatory response. The program does, however, induce alterations in moral decision-making ability associated with the observed endocrine responses, even suggesting a potential interaction between one's social identities and endocrine responses upon moral decision-making.

  6. Implementation Approach for Electric Vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Task 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-11-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (Intertek) to conduct several U.S. Department of Defense base studies to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). This study is focused on the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune (MCBCL) located in North Carolina. Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at MCBCL to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and types of vehicles in service. In Task 2, daily operational characteristics of vehicles were identified to select vehicles for further monitoring and attachment of data loggers. Task 3 recorded vehicle movements in order to characterize the vehicles’ missions. The results of the data analysis and observations were provided. Individual observations of the selected vehicles provided the basis for recommendations related to PEV adoption, i.e., whether a battery electric vehicle (BEV) or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) (collectively PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements. It also provided the basis for recommendations related to placement of PEV charging infrastructure. This report focuses on an implementation plan for the near-term adoption of PEVs into the MCBCL fleet. Intertek acknowledges the support of Idaho National Laboratory, Marine Corps headquarters, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune fleet management and personnel for participation in this study. Intertek is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by enthusiasm and support from MCBCL personnel.

  7. Cost Analysis and Effectiveness of Using the Indoor Simulated Marksmanship Trainer (ISMT) for United States Marine Corps (USMC) Marksmanship Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING Khary A. Bates Lieutenant Commander, United States Navy B.S., Middle Tennessee State University , 1997 Submitted in partial...progenitors of the current Infantería de Marina Corp (“ Historia ,” n.d.). Many people would argue that the one hallmark of the Marine Corps is that every...will be evaluated on the principles of net present value (NPV). The Defense Acquisition University defines Life Cycle Cost as the total cost to the

  8. Comparative Analysis of Navy and Marine Corps Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution Systems from a Manpower Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    quadrant should contain the validated manpower requirement of the Marine Corps. This output includes the T/O and MCBul 5400 series as media to transmit...Marines and their monitors within the assignment subsystem, email and phone are two very important media utilized for passing information. (8) Marine On...Need Identification to Validated Requirement in a 5 part form" Conducts DOTMLPF analysis and categorization of UNS EDAd - ,~e E FD Ci A -,smeni 5rnhp,ad

  9. Marine Corps Center for Lessons Learned Newsletter. Volume 9, Issue 01, January 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Corps was “a veritable witches’ brew of racism and discrimination.” But LtGen Krulak went further than he had to, essentially disavowing his...466-3193 DSN: (312) 582-3193 2d MLG, Camp Lejeune, NC (910) 451-6924 DSN: (312) 751-6924 III MEF & 1st MAW Okinawa, Japan DSN: (315) 622-9218 3d...MARDIV & 3d MLG Okinawa, Japan DSN: (315) 622-7358 Hawaii Marines Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii (808) 257-5939 DSN: (315) 257-5939 MARFORRES, 4th MAW & 4th MLG New

  10. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.; Walker, A.; Roberts, J.; Falcey, J.

    2011-11-01

    DOD's U.S. Pacific Command has partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency in Hawaii installations. NREL selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations.

  11. 33 CFR 334.480 - Archers Creek, Ribbon Creek and Broad River, S.C.; U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot rifle and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Broad River, S.C.; U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot rifle and pistol ranges, Parris Island. 334.480..., S.C.; U.S. Marine Corps Recruit Depot rifle and pistol ranges, Parris Island. (a) During periods when the rifle and pistol ranges on Parris Island are in use, the following areas will be restricted to...

  12. Hovering at a Precipice: Does Obsession with an all STOVL Force Unnecessarily Endanger the Future of Marine Corps Tactical Fixed-wing Aviation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    events have historically been the Marine Corps bread and butter. The Banana Wars of the early twentieth century not only provided the expenence and...hollow shell of a concept. Marine Corps leadership is making an existential gamble on an untested and unproven exotic weapons system. In order to

  13. Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-08

    and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC) Congressional Research Service Summary On January 6, 2011, after spending approximately $3 billion in...execute the nation’s military strategy. On January 6, 2011, after spending approximately $3 billion in developmental funding, the Marine Corps—with...thinkers to question if the Marines would ever again be called upon to conduct large- scale amphibious assault operations. 9 In a May 2010 speech , then

  14. Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-09

    the Landing Craft , Air Cushioned (LCAC). The LAV-25 has been in service since 1983. According to the Marine Program Executive Office (PEO) Land...providing critical capabilities to execute the nation’s military strategy. On January 6, 2011, after spending approximately $3 billion in...carrier, Marine requirements for a personnel carrier reflect the need for this vehicle to be compatible with amphibious assault craft , as well as to

  15. Smartphones in the Tactical Environment: A Framework for Financial Analysis of U.S. Marine Corps Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-30

    President Maritime Sector, Siemens PLM Software Smartphones in the Tactical Environment: A Framework for Financial Analysis of U.S. Marine Corps Options...that envisages a somewhat old- fashioned /traditional company COC that is composed of a few Humvees occupied by the company’s command staff, with all of

  16. Marine Corps Reserve Officer Manpower Modifications During the Long War: A Case to Achieve Parity with the Active Component

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Marine Corps University, Quantico, VA, 2007. Kiszely, Lt-Gen Sir John, "Learning about Counterinsurgency" Military Review Mar-Apr 2007, 10-11. Miles ...Matthew B., A. Michael Huberman . Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. 2nd ed. SAGE Publications, Inc, Thousands Oaks, CA, 1994. 31

  17. Assessment of Charging Infrastructure for Plug-in Electric Vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Task 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-11-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy’s advanced vehicle testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (Intertek) to conduct several U.S. Department of Defense-based studies to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and types of vehicles in service. Task 2 selected vehicles for further monitoring and involved identifying daily operational characteristics of these select vehicles. Data logging of vehicle movements was initiated in order to characterize the vehicle’s mission. The Task 3 vehicle utilization report provided results of the data analysis and observations related to the replacement of current vehicles with PEVs. Finally, this report provides an assessment of charging infrastructure required to support the suggested PEV replacements. Intertek acknowledges the support of Idaho National Laboratory, Marine Corps headquarters, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune Fleet management and personnel for participation in this study. Intertek is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by enthusiasm and support from Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune personnel.

  18. 33 CFR 334.430 - Neuse River and tributaries at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina; restricted...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina; restricted area and danger zone. 334.430 Section... Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina; restricted area and danger zone. (a) The restricted area... Station, Cherry Point, North Carolina, extending from the mouth of Hancock Creek to a point...

  19. Harnessing the Power of Influence: Why the Marine Corps Needs to Combine Information Operations and Public Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-06

    are approved for inclusion in the next edition of JP 1-02.) 26 Bibliography Ansel, Justin, Larry Fletcher, and Geoffrey Gorsuch , “Military...Fletcher, and Geoffrey Gorsuch , “Military Applications in Social Media.” (Manuscript, Command and Staff College, Marine Corps University, 2012). 21

  20. Electric Vehicle Preparedness: Task 1, Assessment of Fleet Inventory for Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Several U.S. Department of Defense-based studies were conducted to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Task 1 included a survey of the inventory of non-tactical fleet vehicles at the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune (MCBCL) to characterize the fleet. This information and characterization will be used to select vehicles for monitoring that takes place during Task 2. This monitoring involves data logging of vehicle operation in order to identify the vehicle’s mission and travel requirements. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to PEV adoption. It also identifies whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements and provides observations related to placement of PEV charging infrastructure.

  1. The viability of hearing protection device fit-testing at navy and marine corps accession points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Federman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The viability of hearing protection device (HPD verification (i.e., fit-testing on a large scale was investigated to address this gap in a military accession environment. Materials and Methods: Personal Attenuation Ratings (PARs following self-fitted (SELF-Fit HPDs were acquired from 320 US Marine Corps training recruits (87.5% male, 12.5% female across four test protocols (1-, 3-, 5-, and 7- frequency. SELF-Fit failures received follow-up to assess potential causes. Follow-up PARs were acquired (Experimenter fit [EXP-Fit], followed by Subject re-fit [SUB Re-Fit]. EXP-Fit was intended to provide a perception (dubbed “ear canal muscle memory” of what a correctly fitted HPD should feel like. SUB Re-Fit was completed following EXP-Fit to determine whether a training recruit could duplicate EXP-Fit on her/his own without assistance. Results: A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA (N = 320 showed that SELF-Fit means differed significantly between protocols (P 60% pass rates. Results showed that once recruits experienced how HPDs should feel when inserted correctly, they were able to properly replicate the procedure with similar results to the expert fit suggesting “ear canal muscle memory” may be a viable training strategy concomitant with HPD verification. Fit-test duration was also measured to examine the tradeoff between results accuracy and time required to complete each protocol. Discussion: Results from this study showed the critical importance of initial selection and fitting of HPDs followed by verification (i.e., fit-testing at Navy and Marine Corps accession points. Achieving adequate protection from an HPD is fundamentally dependent on obtaining proper fit of the issued HPD as well as the quality of training recruits receive regarding HPD use.

  2. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper summarizes the results of an NREL assessment of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to appraise the potential of achieving net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense's U.S. Pacific Command partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency at Hawaii military installations. DOE selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay, to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. This paper summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. The analysis shows that MCBH Kaneohe Bay has the potential to make significant progress toward becoming a net zero installation. Wind, solar photovoltaics, solar hot water, and hydrogen production were assessed, as well as energy efficiency technologies. Deploying wind turbines is the most cost-effective energy production measure. If the identified energy projects and savings measures are implemented, the base will achieve a 96% site Btu reduction and a 99% source Btu reduction. Using excess wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen for a fleet and fuel cells could significantly reduce energy use and potentially bring MCBH Kaneohe Bay to net zero. Further analysis with an environmental impact and interconnection study will need to be completed. By achieving net zero status, the base will set an example for other military installations, provide environmental benefits, reduce costs, increase energy security, and exceed its energy goals and mandates.

  3. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper summarizes the results of an NREL assessment of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to appraise the potential of achieving net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense's U.S. Pacific Command partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency at Hawaii military installations. DOE selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay, to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. This paper summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. The analysis shows that MCBH Kaneohe Bay has the potential to make significant progress toward becoming a net zero installation. Wind, solar photovoltaics, solar hot water, and hydrogen production were assessed, as well as energy efficiency technologies. Deploying wind turbines is the most cost-effective energy production measure. If the identified energy projects and savings measures are implemented, the base will achieve a 96% site Btu reduction and a 99% source Btu reduction. Using excess wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen for a fleet and fuel cells could significantly reduce energy use and potentially bring MCBH Kaneohe Bay to net zero. Further analysis with an environmental impact and interconnection study will need to be completed. By achieving net zero status, the base will set an example for other military installations, provide environmental benefits, reduce costs, increase energy security, and exceed its energy goals and mandates.

  4. Utilization Assessment of Target Electrification Vehicles at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Task 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-11-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC contracted with Intertek Testing Services, North America (Intertek) to conduct several U.S. Department of Defense base studies to identify potential U.S. Department of Defense transportation systems that are strong candidates for introduction or expansion of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). Task 1 consisted of a survey of the non-tactical fleet of vehicles at MCBCL to begin the review of vehicle mission assignments and types of vehicles in service. Task 2 involved identifying daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and initiating data logging of vehicle movements in order to characterize the vehicle’s mission. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to PEV adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements and provide observations related to placement of PEV charging infrastructure. This report provides the results of the data analysis and observations related to replacement of current vehicles with PEVs. This fulfills part of the Task 3 requirements. Task 3 also includes an assessment of the charging infrastructure required to support this replacement, which is the subject of a separate report. Intertek acknowledges the support of Idaho National Laboratory, Marine Corps headquarters, and Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune Fleet management and personnel for participation in this study. Intertek is pleased to provide this report and is encouraged by enthusiasm and support from MCBCL personnel.

  5. The Influence of Training, Reluctance, Efficacy, and Stigma on Suicide Intervention Behavior Among NCOs in the Army and Marine Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayer, Lynsay; Ramchand, Rajeev; Geyer, Lily; Burgette, Lane; Kofner, Aaron

    2016-06-01

    The Army and Marine Corps have consistently experienced the highest rates of suicide relative to the other services. In both the Army and Marine Corps, the service members responsible for identifying and referring individuals at risk for suicide are called "gatekeepers" and are typically noncommissioned officers (NCOs). We used structural equation modeling on survey responses from 1184 Army soldiers and 796 marines to estimate the relationships between training, intervention efficacy, reluctance, and mental health stigma on NCO intervention behaviors. Efficacy and reluctance were independently associated with intervention behaviors, and stigma was only associated with intervention behaviors among Army NCOs. Study results suggest that while quantity of training may help NCOs feel more confident about their ability to intervene, other efforts such as changing training content and delivery mode (e.g., interactive vs. didactic training) may be necessary in order to reduce reluctance and stigma to intervene with service members at risk for suicide.

  6. How Can the Deactivation of the Marine Prowler Community Best Serve the Marine Corps?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Electronic Counter Measure Officers ( ECMO ) transitioning to new communities. Before the Prowler community deactivation begins it will undergo some...Prowler squadron consists of 180 Marines. Eight are pilots, twenty are Electronic Counter Measure Officers ( ECMO ), twenty seven are Sta:ffNon-Commissioned...three operational squadrons and an FRS. The FRS activation would be used to facilitate the production of any remaining pilots and ECMOs needed to

  7. Identifying Factors That Predict Promotion Time to E-4 and Re-Enlistment Eligibility for U.S. Marine Corps Field Radio Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    FACTORS THAT PREDICT PROMOTION TIME TO E-4 AND RE-ENLISTMENT ELIGIBILITY FOR U.S. MARINE CORPS FIELD RADIO OPERATORS by William G. Wathen... PROMOTION TIME TO E-4 AND RE-ENLISTMENT ELIGIBILITY FOR U.S. MARINE CORPS FIELD RADIO OPERATORS 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) William G. Wathen...testing for MOS suitability. 14. SUBJECT TERMS career assignment, mos assignment, linear regression 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 77 16. PRICE CODE 17

  8. Recognizing the Service and Achievements of Major William W. Ma, United States Marine Corps ; The Hon. John P. Murtha of Pennsylvania in the House of Representatives

    OpenAIRE

    Murtha, John P.

    2010-01-01

    Major Ma's education includes a Master of Business Administration from the Naval Postgraduate School as a Conrad Scholar Awardee. Mr. MURTHA. Madam Speaker, I rise today to pay tribute to an outstanding officer who will shortly be leaving active duty. Major William W. Ma will be retiring from the United States Marine Corps on March 31, 2010, after more than 21 years of active military service, culminating as Director, Marine Corps Appropriations Matters in the Secretary of the Navy’s Appro...

  9. Head, Face, and Neck Injuries During Operation Iraqi Freedom II: Results From the US Navy and Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-12

    injuries at Navy–Marine Corps military medical treatment facilities (MTFs). Examples of Navy–Marine Corps MTFs include battalion aids stations (ie...incident details, injuries , treatment , and outcomes is collected by the patient’s medical provider(s) in the form of a clinical record. Clinical...and mouth; and neck injuries included trauma to cervical area and cervical spine. Head, Face, and Neck Injuries During OIF-II 7 Descriptive

  10. Standing Strong: A Leadership Analysis of General David M. Shoup, USMC 22d Commandant of the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    Personal Notes Upon Nomination as Commandant APPENDIX H: Cow Path Poem END NOTES BIBLIOGRAPHY vi 1 6 6 16 18 21 23 26 30 35...officers, and compete for positions and promotions with other line officers. This met with some immediate resistance, but proved effective in the long -term...political structure. Importantly, Headquarters Marine Corps Chief of Staff Wallace Greene’s long relationships with power players in the Pentagon, Capitol

  11. A relational database model and data migration plan for the student services department at the Marine Corps Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Slaughter, Aaron Tory

    1997-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited includes APPENDIX H. MCI ENTERPRISE LEVEL DATA MODEL on PDF. Today's business environment in the Depattment of Defense (DoD) demands that managers possess a clear understanding of the design, implementation, and maintenance of the databases used to store, organize, manipulate and return data. In response to shoncomings identified in their current legacy information system, the Marine Corps Institute (MCI) initiated a project to migr...

  12. The Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commissions Blended Retirement Plan: A First Look at Marine Corps Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    servicemembers would receive financial literacy training provided by the services to help them make good choices about whether or not to opt in to the...neighborhoods, send children to good schools, keep families safe, and buy the things needed for day-to-day living. This is why people work and why...compensation package. First, our assessment is that the Marine Corps Times, other DOD periodicals, and the mainstream media have provided significant coverage

  13. Another Long March: Lessons from the Post-Vietnam Rebuild of the Marine Corps, 1969 to 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    cultural perceptions about military service. Despite some challenges and setbacks, the Marine Corps, by 1989, emerged from this process capable of...unconventional conflict as in the Vietnam War. Despite initial setbacks caused by changing social and cultural perceptions within the nation and by...Institute Proceedings 113, no. 11/1017 (November 1987): 74-81. Flynn, Lieutenant Colonel J. J. and Major D. A. Quinlan. “The Brigade is Beautiful

  14. Identification of Relevant Costs in the Decision to Consolidate or Maintain Two Marine Corps Recruit Training Depots

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    under the direct support category. Organizational clothing is another subcategory of costs that fall under the recruit training category. The costs ...RELEVANT COSTS IN THE DECISION TO CONSOLIDATE OR MAINTAIN TWO MARINE CORPS RECRUIT TRAINING DEPOTS by Jeremy M. Forrer June 2015 Thesis...REPORT DATE June 2015 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE IDENTIFICATION OF RELEVANT COSTS IN THE DECISION TO

  15. The U.S. Marine Corps Combined Action Program (CAP): A Proposed Alternative Strategy for the Vietnam War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    diverging facets of Vietnamese culture concerned the sanctity of marriage, where the Vietnamese deplored premarital sex between couples. While...Vietnamese men abstained from premarital sex, they openly practiced mutual masturbation. 62 In western culture, a man’s business was a man’s business, but...independently of the Marine Corps in what was unquestionably a diplomatically sensitive mission. Screening becomes immaterial with a battalion

  16. An Analysis of United States Marine Corps Enlisted Entry-Level Training Using Supply Chain and Operations Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Affairs ( RAP ) for 1E trainees.1 In March, FSTD hosts the TIP Conference to discuss the upcoming fiscal year training plan. The TIP Conference is...attended by the requirement sponsors (MPP and RAP ), military occupational managers and Training Command. FSTD finalizes the TIP following the conference...Marine Corps Community Services 43 – Public Affairs 72 44 – Legal Services 46 – Combat Camera 48 – Recruiting and Retention 55 – Music 57

  17. An analysis of United States Marine Corps Enlisted Entry-Level Training using supply chain and operations management

    OpenAIRE

    Alfonso, Steven; Oh, Dingjin; Younger, Larry M.

    2010-01-01

    MBA Professional Report Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The Enlisted Entry-Level Training (EELT) pipeline is a complex network that is of vital importance to the U.S. Marine Corps' ability to maintain a balanced force and serve as the nation's force in readiness. This report provides an all-inclusive description of the EELT pipeline by identifying the fundamental steps in the supply chain, analyzing the supply chain's critical characteristics, and providing in...

  18. The Future of Distributed Operations in the Marine Corps and its Vital Role in Forcible Entry from the Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    beyond the control of any state due to non-state actors as we did in the Boxer Rebellion, the Banana Wars, Lebanon, and Somalia. Thomas G. Mahnken the...Command Enlistment Options Program Summary Sheet 54 Wortman, 80. 55 CG, MCCDC, 5 July 2005 letter to CMC, Subj: Small Unit Excellence Conference...Recruiting Command Enlistment Options Program Summary Sheet Maxey, Demetrius F. 2005. An opinion on distributed operations. Marine Corps Gazette 89 (4

  19. Alternative landfill cover technology demonstration at Kaneohe Marine Corps Base Hawaii

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karr, L.A.; Harre, B. [Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center, Port Hueneme, CA (United States); Hakonson, T.E. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Surface covers to control water infiltration to waste buried in landfills will be the remediation alternative of choice for most hazardous and sanitary landfills operated by the Department of Defense. Although surface covers are the least expensive method of remediation for landfills, they can still be expensive solutions. Conventional wisdom suggests that landfill capping technology is well developed as evidenced by the availability of EPA guidance for designing and constructing what has become known as the {open_quotes}RCRA Cap{close_quotes}. In practice, however, very little testing of the RCRA cap, or any other design, has been done to evaluate how effective these designs are in limiting infiltration of water into waste. This paper describes a low cost alternative to the {open_quotes}RCRA Cap{close_quotes} that is being evaluated at Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH) Kaneohe Bay. This study uses an innovative, simple and inexpensive concept to manipulate the fate of water falling on a landfill. The infiltration of water through the cap will be controlled by combining the evaporative forces of vegetation to remove soil water, with engineered structures that limit infiltration of precipitation into the soil. This approach relies on diverting enough of the annual precipitation to runoff, so that the water that does infiltrate into the soil can easily be removed by evapotranspiration.

  20. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar: Assessment and Recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Booth, S.; Barnett, J.; Burman, K.; Hambrick, J.; Helwig, M.; Westby, R.

    2010-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) is the largest energy consumer in the U.S. government. Present energy use impacts DoD global operations by constraining freedom of action and self-sufficiency, demanding enormous economic resources, and putting many lives at risk in logistics support for deployed environments. There are many opportunities for DoD to more effectively meet energy requirements through a combination of human actions, energy efficiency technologies, and renewable energy resources. In 2008, a joint initiative was formed between DoD and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to address military energy use. This initiative created a task force comprised of representatives from each branch of the military, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to examine the potential for ultra high efficiency military installations. This report presents an assessment of Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Miramar, selected by the task force as the initial prototype installation based on its strong history of energy advocacy and extensive track record of successful energy projects.

  1. Assessing the Marine Corps Mentorship Program: Planned vs. Actual Use and Perceived Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    a personal level. They never really ask and when they do, it sounds robotic . When I was a mentor, the big topics of discussion were finance and...Ranson, V. J. (2008). Army Nurse Corps: Mentoring Program Handbook. Fort George G. Meade, MD : Chief, Army Nurse Corps. Roberts, K. H. (1979). Some

  2. Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riddle James R

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recently, numerous studies have revealed an increase in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM use in US civilian populations. In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown. Methods To investigate CAM use in US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, the authors surveyed a stratified random sample of 5,000 active duty and Reserve/National Guard members between December 2000 and July 2002. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to assess univariate associations and adjusted odds of CAM use in this population. Results and discussion Of 3,683 service members contacted, 1,446 (39.3% returned a questionnaire and 1,305 gave complete demographic and survey data suitable for study. Among respondents, more than 37% reported using at least one CAM therapy during the past year. Herbal therapies were among the most commonly reported (15.9%. Most respondents (69.8% reported their health as being very good or excellent. Modeling revealed that CAM use was most common among personnel who were women, white, and officers. Higher levels of recent physical pain and lower levels of satisfaction with conventional medical care were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting CAM use. Conclusion These data suggest that CAM use is prevalent in the US military and consistent with patterns in other US civilian populations. Because there is much to be learned about CAM use along with allopathic therapy, US military medical professionals should record CAM therapies when collecting medical history data.

  3. Groundwater level and specific conductance monitoring at Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, Onslow County, North Carolina, 2007-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    McSwain, Kristen Bukowski

    2010-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, monitored water-resources conditions in the surficial, Castle Hayne, Peedee, and Black Creek aquifers in Onslow County, North Carolina, from November 2007 through September 2008. To comply with North Carolina Central Coastal Plain Capacity Use Area regulations, large-volume water suppliers in Onslow County must reduce their dependency on the Black Creek aquifer as a water-supply source and have, instead, proposed using the Castle Hayne aquifer as an alternative water-supply source. The Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, uses water obtained from the unregulated surficial and Castle Hayne aquifers for drinking-water supply. Water-level data were collected and field measurements of physical properties were made at 19 wells at 8 locations spanning the Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune. These wells were instrumented with near real-time monitoring equipment to collect hourly measurements of water level. Additionally, specific conductance and water temperature were measured hourly in 16 of the 19 wells. Graphs are presented relating altitude of groundwater level to water temperature and specific conductance measurements collected during the study, and the relative vertical gradients between aquifers are discussed. The period-of-record normal (25th to 75th percentile) monthly mean groundwater levels at two well clusters were compared to median monthly mean groundwater levels at these same well clusters for 2008 to determine groundwater-resources conditions. In 2008, water levels were below normal in the 3 wells at one of the well clusters and were normal in 4 wells at the other cluster.

  4. Organizational Learning and the Marine Corps: The Counterinsurgency Campaign in Iraq (CIWAG Case Study on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Fallujah, the enemy was given a sanctuary from which to project operations for six months. The fight had settled into a deadly version of the arcade game ...made up of just “pockets of dead- enders ,” only “small elements of 10 to 20 people, not large military formations or networks of attackers.” 84 It... Enders ,’” USA Today, June 18, 2003, www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2003-06-18-rumsfeld_x.htm. SHULTZ ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING AND THE MARINE CORPS

  5. Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP): preventing HIV, STIs, and unplanned pregnancies in the navy and marine corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Michael R Bob

    2013-01-01

    In 1999, the Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center converted an HIV train-the-trainer program into a broader effort of preventing not just HIV, but also other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancies. The premise for this broader approach was that a more comprehensive sexual health promotion message of STI, HIV, and unplanned pregnancy prevention is more likely to include at least one personally relevant concern for any given individual and is, therefore, more likely to be internalized and acted upon by the greatest number of individuals, and that risk reduction for any one of these consequences of sexual activity may reduce risk for all. This new effort was labeled the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP). Within the Navy and Marine Corps, SHARP has become a focal and trusted source of sexual health promotion products, consultative services, and training, as well as a conduit for multidisciplinary collaboration and coordination. The existence of this central sexual health program normalizes integrated and comprehensive sexual health messages, enables efficiencies, promotes program and policy uniformity, and provides a forum for cross-organizational collaboration and continuous improvement.

  6. Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP): Preventing HIV, STIs, and Unplanned Pregnancies in the Navy and Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Michael R. (Bob)

    2013-01-01

    In 1999, the Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center converted an HIV train-the-trainer program into a broader effort of preventing not just HIV, but also other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancies. The premise for this broader approach was that a more comprehensive sexual health promotion message of STI, HIV, and unplanned pregnancy prevention is more likely to include at least one personally relevant concern for any given individual and is, therefore, more likely to be internalized and acted upon by the greatest number of individuals, and that risk reduction for any one of these consequences of sexual activity may reduce risk for all. This new effort was labeled the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP). Within the Navy and Marine Corps, SHARP has become a focal and trusted source of sexual health promotion products, consultative services, and training, as well as a conduit for multidisciplinary collaboration and coordination. The existence of this central sexual health program normalizes integrated and comprehensive sexual health messages, enables efficiencies, promotes program and policy uniformity, and provides a forum for cross-organizational collaboration and continuous improvement. PMID:23450888

  7. Sequence stratigraphy of the marine and non-marine Upper Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone, San Juan Basin, USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johannessen, P.

    1994-12-31

    Late Cretaceous, middle Cenomanian, shallow marine and non-marine sandstones of the Dakota Sandstone have been studied in the western part of the Western Interior, San Juan Basin, New Mexico. 15-20 m thick sharp based, slightly coarsening upward shoreface sandstones characterize the eastern fully marine part of the San Juan Basin, while non-marine sediments dominate the western part of the basin. The aim of this paper is to carefully correlate key-surfaces from the thick shoreface sandstones towards the west into the non-marine succession, using sequence stratigraphic principles. The present paper will document an additional marine sandstone underlying the Cubero Tongue; the Oak Canyon Member. (au)

  8. The Training Of Reserve Marine Corps Logisticians To Support The Active Duty Forces In Operational Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-11

    steps have been implemented that will see reserve Marine Logisticians filling roles at the Marine Forces level. These Marines must be prepared to...there must be positive steps taken in sending the appropriate reserve Marines to the appropriate schools and then incentivizing them through career...commanders’ requirements .”2 The reserves support the active duty force in many ways: sometimes with partial or complete units, but many times with

  9. U.S. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy to Award - Marine Corps Air Station Miramar for Energy Conservation, Tour state-of-the-art green facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    LOS ANGELES - On Wednesday, May 20th U.S. EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy will join Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Miramar officials to present the 2015 EPA Federal Green Challenge award for Energy. The base is being recognized for having the great

  10. United States Marine Corps Post-Cold War Evolutionary Efforts: Implications for a Post-Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    organization would inform and coordinate with one of the six US Army Training and Doctrine Command Battle Laboratories in Fort Monroe, Virginia developing ...variety of Marine Corps training and education commands into an all-inclusive cohort of doctrinal focused professional development organization . He

  11. The Marine Corps F-35B Joint Strike Fighter: Is STOVL the Way Ahead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Command and Staff College along with the . . Leadership Communication Skills Center for their mentorship, guidance, and patience. I would also like to...Corps trains, equips, and fights the way it does. I would like to thank the professors at Command and Staff College along with the Leadership ... Communication Skills Center for their mentorship, guidance, and patience. I would also like to thank the JSF (Joint Strike Fighter) Transition Task Force at

  12. Electric Vehicle Preparedness: Task 2, Identification of Vehicles for Installation of Data Loggers for Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schey, Stephen [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, Jim [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-02-01

    In Task 1, a survey was completed of the inventory of non-tactical fleet vehicles at the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune (MCBCL) to characterize the fleet. This information and characterization was used to select vehicles for further monitoring, which involves data logging of vehicle movements in order to identify the vehicle’s mission and travel requirements. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to PEV adoption. It also identifies whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements and provides observations related to placement of PEV charging infrastructure. This report provides the list of vehicles selected by MCBCL and Intertek for further monitoring and fulfills the Task 2 requirements.

  13. Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of Sanjiang-Middle Amur basin: Non-marine and marine correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KIRILLOVA; Galina

    2009-01-01

    A comparative analysis of Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous strata have been done for the Sanjiang Middle Amur basin, a coaland oil-bearing area spanning the eastern Heilongjiang of northeastern China and southeastern Far East of Russia. On the basis of various fossils occurring in the formations, particularly by means of the Tithonian-Valanginian index Buchia and the late Barremian-middle Albian indicator Aucellina assemblages, the marine and non-marine Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous strata in the basin are correlated. The Mesozoic international chronostratigraphic chart (http://www.stratigra phy.org) is established basically based on the marine rocks. To accurately date the non-marine strata, it is necessary to correlate them with the marine deposits. This study sheds new light on the dating and correlation of non-marine Upper Mesozoic. Additionally, the results would help understand the tectonics and paleogeography and thus aid the exploration of energy resources.

  14. Why General Krulak is the Marine Corps’ Greatest Strategic Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    relevancy, it must be able to adapt and develop creative business practices in relatively short period of time. Additionally, because of the social and...believe that Marines are downright good for the country; that the Marines are masters of a form of unfailing alchemy which converts unoriented youths

  15. Forecasting the Marine Corps’ Enlisted Classification Plan: Assessment of An Alternative Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Figure 8. Example GAR Requirements Over the FYDP.................................................24 Figure 9. Models’ MAPE Distribution...Marine Air-Ground Task Force MAPE Mean Absolute Percent Error MCT Marine Combat Training MOE Measure of Effectiveness MOS Military Occupational...Figure 9. Models’ MAPE Distribution However, an analysis of the steady-state model reveals that produced a forecast error mean of 40 percentage

  16. Genesis of Marine Carbonate Natural Gas in the Northeastern Sichuan Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qu; TENGER; MENG Qingqiang; QIN Jianzhong; JIANG Qigui; ZHENG Lunju

    2008-01-01

    Sichuan Basin is one of the structurally stable and gas-rich basins, being regarded as one of China's important natural gas industry bases. Puguang and Jiannan gas fields, located in the eastern Sichuan Basin are two large fields with gas derived from Permian and Lower Triassic marine carbonate. The genesis of marine carbonate natural gas was examined using carbon isotope composition and hydrocarbon components of natural gas samples from the eastern and western Sichuan Basin, and compared with that of acidolysis gas derived from marine source rock in the eastern Sichuan Basin. It is concluded that the natural gas in the marine carbonate reservoir originated from pyrolysis of the earlier crude oil and light-oil, and then mixed with kerogen pyrolysis gas of the Permian and Lower Silurian source rock.

  17. Data Quality and Reliability Analysis of U.S. Marine Corps Ground Vehicle Maintenance Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    order fulfillment. GCSS-MC reduces ordered parts status updates from six days to several minutes (Stone, 2009). This thesis focuses on the data...Corps inventory. Our study, however, focuses only on the MTVR data. The numbers of MTVR records provided by year are shown in Table 4 and Table 5...SUSP SUSPENSION SYSTEM 71 RPR REPAIR F SUSP N 260 F SUSP SUSPENSION SYSTEM NOT GIVEN G02 TRAC N 67 G TRAC TRACK  CRAWLER  SYSTEM 2 BRK BRAKE SYSTEMS

  18. Marine Mammal Protection Act Compliance Report for Activities at Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    coastal and offshore forms of dolphins (Tursiops). Canadian Journal of Zoology , Vol 61, pp 930–933. Eisma, D., P. L. de Boer, G. C. Cadée, K. Dijkema, H... pdfs /shipstrike/deis.pdf, on 27 September 2007. –––––––, 2006b. Draft U.S. Atlantic marine mammal stock assessments - 2006. Silver Spring, Maryland...and R. Harrison, eds. Handbook of marine mammals. Volume 6: The second book of dolphins and the porpoises. San Diego: Academic Press. Wells, R. S

  19. Ocean Basin Impact of Ambient Noise on Marine Mammal Detectability, Distribution, and Acoustic Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Ocean Basin Impact of Ambient Noise on Marine Mammal ... mammal acoustic communication and signal detection. How short term variability and long term changes of ocean basin acoustics impact signal detection...signal detection as it relates to marine mammal active acoustic space and acoustic communication. This work increases the spatial range and time scale

  20. The Marine Corps Ability to Conduct Surface Amphibious Transport is at Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    that “[i]n favorable seas conditions, test results indicate that individual Marine performance is not significantly impacted by waterborne motion...in the Persian Gulf Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm August 1990–March 1991” United States Army. Washington, D.C., 2010. Coggins , David

  1. Patterns of Marine Corps Reserve Continuation Behavior: Pre- and Post-9/11

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    motivation behavior in the reserves is McClelland’s Learned Needs Theory . McClelland contends that individuals have learned and acquired certain needs...53 1. Human Motivation Theory ...............................................................53 D. SUMMARY...responsibilities are not a detrimental shock to Marine reservists but rather a fulfillment in met expectations. C. PERSONAL FACTORS 1. Human Motivation Theory

  2. Proactive Marine Corps Transition Assistance In The Twenty-First Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-17

    enrollment in career/technical training, actual full-time employment, or substantive actions taken to become an entrepreneur . CASE MANAGEMENT AND...compliance rates for Marines to complete TRS within six months of separation indicate a level less than fifty percent.47 That means one out of every two

  3. A Broadening Option for the Marine Corps’ 8412 Career Recruiters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    mid-grade Gunnery Sergeant. The RS Command Group must decide the best fit for those Marines for the available billet openings in several RSSs across...sixteen RSSs . Additionally the 8412 fulfills duties common to an 8412 on a RS staff in the form of an Assistant Recruiter Instructor. If a

  4. Assessing Fitness and Nutrition Programs in the Marine Corps: A Qualitative Analysis of Perceptions of Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    never used such techniques; however, 31.2% of surveyed Marines did use at least one of the listed practices and/or filled in other strategies used. The...Pendleton: McDonald’s, Johnny Rockets, Domino’s Pizza, Pizza Hut, Wendy’s, Taco Bell, Starbucks , Subway and various other grills and snack bars. Subway is

  5. Validation of the United States Marine Corps Qualified Candidate Population Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    sports teams Former Marines or military on faculty or with administration Campus is near MEPS School has fairly selective admissions, i.e., most...their degrees in such fields as chiropractic, nursing, pharmacy, or podiatry . Schools of engineering and technology: These institutions award most of

  6. Discussion of gas enrichment mechanism and natural gas origin in marine sedimentary basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    There are abundant natural gas resources in Chinese marine sedimentary basin. The exploration hot shots of natural gas are the Palaeozoic marine strata here in recent years, and several large scale gas fields have been discovered. Chinese Palaeozoic high-post matured and coal measure hydrocarbon source rocks are mainly prone to gas generation in the present. This research considered that gas source rocks and TSR are the key cause of gas enrichment of marine strata. High-quality argillaceous and coal measure hydrocarbon rocks are distributed widely in the Palaeozoic marine strata, which have been in highly matured phase in the present. The argillaceous source rock generally contains various sulfates that could accelerate crude oil cracking to gas for TSR occurrence, and coal measure source rock mainly generates gas, so Chinese marine basin gives priority to accumulating gas. Marine strata have not founded oil reservoirs in the Sichuan Basin and Ordos Basin, and they consist mainly of dry gas. Marine natural gases are the mixed gases of oil cracking gas and coal-formed gas in a general way,oil cracking gases contain usually some H2S and CO2. Hydrocarbon carbon isotopes are very complicated, and methane and ethane isotopic values bear apparent reversal caused by thermal evolution and mixing among different genetic types of natural gas. Coal-formed gases are the main component of Chinese marine natural gas. The Upper Permian of the Sichuan Basin and the Carboniferous-Permian of the Ordos Basin coal measure hydrocarbon source rock present large hydrocarbon generation potential, which are the prospecting highlight of marine natural gas hereafter. Oil cracking gas exploration will be paid much attention to in the Tarim Basin because of the lack of coal measure hydrocarbon source rock.

  7. The Health Status of Women in the Military: An Epidemiologic Study of Active-Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel, Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    INSTRUMENTS Skinfold thicknesses were measured using Harpenden , John Bull calipers from Novel Products, Inc. The protocol followed was also from...34Technique for Measuring Body Circumferences and Skinfold Thickness ," (Beckett and Hodgdon, 1984). Skinfold thicknesses were measured using Harpenden , John...physique, Navy men were slightly heavier than their Marine Corps counterparts and had greater skinfold thicknesses and %BF (see Table 5). These differences

  8. Coastal marine basins as records of continental palaeoenvironments (Gulf of Guinea and Iullemmeden cretaceous and tertiary basins)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rat, P.; Lang, J.; Alzouma, K.; Dikouma, M.; Johnson, A.; Laurin, B.; Mathey, B.; Pascal, A.

    Deposits in nearshore marine basins provide data about the adjacent emerged lands. Examples are taken from the Togo coastal basin, on an ocean margin, and the Iullemmeden intracratonic basin (Niger). A continental landscape is fossilized by the onlapping layers of the transgressions: an eroded crystalline basement (Togo) or a broad and complex alluvial plain (Iullemmeden). Clastics, trapped in the marine deposits, provide information on the source area. Two types of information can be obtained from the sands: the nature of the parent rocks, and the environment at the time of genesis, storage and transportation (tectonic and climatic stability or change). The significance of clays is more complex; they can be formed or modified in the marine environment. However their elastic or chemical components originate from biochemical weathering and provide information on climate, morphology, vegetation cover and drainage of the emerged lands. In the Iullemmeden basin, the important change between Maastrichtian and Paleocene probably reflects a change to a drier climate in accordance with a slight shift of the equator to the south. The properties of marine waters are dependent on climate and morphology of the emergent lands which determines runoff. These properties may be inferred from the analysis of the clastic/carbonate conflict and indicators of salinity (mangrove). In conclusion, the Togo and Iullemmeden basins were located downstream of tectonically quiecent, large continental areas of gentle relief. Transgressions were migrations of a broad littoral system upon very flat continental surfaces caused by erosion or river-dominated deposition.

  9. U.S. Marine Corps Operations in Iraq, 2003-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    CH-46 Sea Knight medium helicopters received light­ weight armor kits and infrared jammer (IR) up­ grades beginning in July and April, respectively...shelters for satellite ter- minal 10 MTVR trailers 20 Semiautomatic sniper rifle 18 Tactical photo reproduction capability 4 Bed netting 25,000...general in their new commands and Brigadier General Natonski was promoted to the grade of major general after as­ suming command of 1st Marine

  10. Analysis of Marine Corps Efforts in the Pursuit of the Joint Blue Force Situational Awareness Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle HPC High-Performance Computing IA Information Assurance IATO Interim Approval to Operate ICEP...mounted exclusively on High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) platforms. 1. FBCB2 Architecture The Network Operations Center (NOC) is the...benefits of IPv6 and meet government mandates [Case study]. Retrieved from http://www.juniper.net/us/en/local/pdf/case-studies/3520265-en.pdf Marine

  11. The United States Marine Corps Reserve: Reorganization for an Integrated Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-28

    other provision of law , no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a...to believe that active duty Marines do not accept them initially, but eventually, after passing through Tuckman’s model they do feel accepted . Like...controls assigned forces for the purpose of augmenting and reinforcing the Active Component.” This mission offers no direction to subordinate commands

  12. DOD Financial Management: Marine Corps Statement of Budgetary Resources Audit Results and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Columbus DFAS–IN Defense Finance and Accounting Service–Indianapolis DIACAP DOD Information Assurance Certification and Accreditation Process...Technology Services Organization TSO–CL Technology Services Organization–Cleveland UD/MIPS Unit Diary /Marine Integrated Personnel System U.S.C...with DFAS–CL and DFAS– Columbus (DFAS–CO) to ensure that audit documentation will be available to support auditor requests. The DFAS-Indianapolis (DFAS

  13. Assessing the Operational Robustness of the Homer Model for Marine Corps Use in Expeditionary Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    solar PV with traditional diesel generators," these MEHPS systems can significantly decrease generator run time, preventing generator wet- stacking...a representation of solar power that would be provided by other PV hybrid power systems. These results therefore do not accurately represent, and are...GREENS is a power generation and conversion system that allows Marines to power systems with solar energy. Each GREENS is composed of eight PV array

  14. Maintaining the Marine Corps’ Tank Dominant Combat Overmatch in an Uncertain Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    increased weight, may not be capable of ship-to- shore movement using today’s current platforms. 13 The third course of action is the pursuit of a new...requirement to maintain the capability of ship to shore movement via the existing LCAC and LCU platforms. The loss of this capability for Marine tanks is a...Ks: Sunflower University Press, 1988. Starry, General Donn A. Armored Combat In Vietnam. Indianapolis/New York: The Bobbs- Merrill Company, Inc

  15. The Leadership Evaluation and Analysis Program (LEAP). Contemporary Marine Corps Leadership Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    equal size would have to deal with the same problems. If I were to go to town and gather 400 civilians and call them trees, put them under the same...because a man’s in a minority doesn’t mean I have to go out of my way for him. Whatever shade of green -- if the man’s a punk , I’ll let him know; if I look...back to the pre-󈧸 standards of excellence. I think the Marines coming out of boot camp now are totally undisciplined, irresponsible punks . 214 _ Vn

  16. Discussion on marine source rocks thermal evolvement patterns in the Tarim Basin and Sichuan Basin, west China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Taking marine source rocks of lower Paleozoic in the Tarim Basin and Paleozoic ones in the Sichuan Basin as examples, their sedimentation process could be classified into four styles: continuous subsldence with deep sedimentation in early stage, continuous subsidence with deep sedimentation in later stage, that deeply buried-uplift-shallowly buried, and that shallowly buried-uplift-deeply buried.Unlike that in East China, the marine source rocks evolvement patterns did not accord with sedimentation styles one by one in superimposed basins in west China. Taking local geothermal field into account, four types of source rock evolvement patterns were built: that evolved fast in early stage,evolved fast in middle stage, evolved continuously and evolved in multistage. Among them, the 1st pattern contributed little to the present industrial oil pools directly, but paleo-oil reservoirs and gases cracked from crude oils were main exploration targets. Although some gases were found in the 2nd pattern, the scale was not big enough. For the 3rd and 4th patterns, the hydrocarbon potential depended on organic matters maturity in early stage. For relatively low mature rocks, it was possible to generate some oils in later stage; otherwise the main products were gases. Paleo-oil reservoirs remained fairly well in the Sichuan Basin, and most source rocks underwent kerogen-oil-gas processes,which was useful reference to gas exploration in the Tarim Basin.

  17. Maps showing thermal maturity of Upper Cretaceous marine shales in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Thomas M.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.

    2013-01-01

    The Wind River Basin is a large Laramide (Late Cretaceous through Eocene) structural and sedimentary basin that encompasses about 7,400 square miles in central Wyoming. The basin is bounded by the Washakie Range, Owl Creek, and southern Bighorn Mountains on the north, the Casper arch on the east and northeast, the Granite Mountains on the south, and the Wind River Range on the west. Important conventional and unconventional oil and gas resources have been discovered and produced from reservoirs ranging in age from Mississippian through Tertiary. It has been suggested that various Upper Cretaceous marine shales are the principal hydrocarbon source rocks for many of these accumulations. Numerous source rock studies of various Upper Cretaceous marine shales throughout the Rocky Mountain region have led to the conclusion that these rocks have generated, or are capable of generating, oil and (or) gas. With recent advances and success in horizontal drilling and multistage fracture stimulation there has been an increase in exploration and completion of wells in these marine shales in other Rocky Mountain Laramide basins that were traditionally thought of only as hydrocarbon source rocks. Important parameters that control hydrocarbon production from shales include: reservoir thickness, amount and type of organic matter, and thermal maturity. The purpose of this report is to present maps and a structural cross section showing levels of thermal maturity, based on vitrinite reflectance (Ro), for Upper Cretaceous marine shales in the Wind River Basin.

  18. Maps showing thermal maturity of Upper Cretaceous marine shales in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Thomas M.; Pawlewicz, Mark J.

    2014-01-01

    The Bighorn Basin is one of many structural and sedimentary basins that formed in the Rocky Mountain foreland during the Laramide orogeny, a period of crustal instability and compressional tectonics that began in latest Cretaceous time and ended in the Eocene. The basin is nearly 180 mi long, 100 mi wide, and encompasses about 10,400 mi2 in north-central Wyoming and south-central Montana. The basin is bounded on the northeast by the Pryor Mountains, on the east by the Bighorn Mountains, and on the south by the Owl Creek Mountains). The north boundary includes a zone of faulting and folding referred to as the Nye-Bowler lineament. The northwest and west margins are formed by the Beartooth Mountains and Absaroka Range, respectively. Important conventional oil and gas resources have been discovered and produced from reservoirs ranging in age from Cambrian through Tertiary. In addition, a potential unconventional basin-centered gas accumulation may be present in Cretaceous reservoirs in the deeper parts of the basin. It has been suggested by numerous authors that various Cretaceous marine shales are the principal source rock for these accumulations. Numerous studies of various Upper Cretaceous marine shales in the Rocky Mountain region have led to the general conclusion that these rocks have generated or are capable of generating oil and (or) gas. In recent years, advances in horizontal drilling and multistage fracture stimulation have resulted in increased exploration and completion of wells in Cretaceous marine shales in other Rocky Mountain Laramide basins that were previously thought of only as hydrocarbon source rocks. Important parameters controlling hydrocarbon production from these shale reservoirs include: reservoir thickness, amount and type of organic matter, and thermal maturity. The purpose of this report is to present maps and a cross section showing levels of thermal maturity, based on vitrinite reflectance (Ro), for selected Upper Cretaceous marine

  19. Feasibility of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and Item Unique Identification (IUID) in the Marine Corps Small Arms Weapons Tracking System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    RFID VS. IUID MANAGEMENT DEFINITION AND PURPOSE FOR THE DOD...Corps. A. RFID VS. IUID MANAGEMENT DEFINITION AND PURPOSE FOR THE DOD The purpose and definition of RFID and UID technology throughout the DoD and

  20. Investigation of Pollution from Land Based Sources and Activities and their Impacts on the Marine Environment: the Caroni River Basin

    OpenAIRE

    Gabbadon, P.; Banjoo, D.; Bullock, C; Norville, W.; Sookbir, S.; Lloyd, G.; Ragbirsingh, Y.; Juman, R.; Chin, X.; Souza, G.; Lall, R; Rambarath-Parasram, V.; O'Brien-Delpesh, C.

    2006-01-01

    "The Institute of Marine Affairs (IMA) is investigating the impacts of pollution from land-based sources and activities of the Caroni River Basin (CRB) on the marine environment... The project will investigate the types, sources, levels of pollution, fate of pollutants, and potential impacts on the marine environment. In addition, the project will investigate the impacts of physical alterations of habitats caused by land uses in the Caroni River Basin."

  1. Climate signals in Middle Eocene deep-marine clastic systems, Ainsa Basin, Spanish Pyrenees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickering, K. T.; Cantalejo, B.; Scotchman, J. I.

    2014-12-01

    The Ainsa Basin, Spanish Pyrenees, occupies a crucial position between the non-marine, marginal-marine and shallow-marine environments that acted as the sediment-supply and staging areas for sediment transfer processes into the deep-marine environments of the Ainsa Basin, and the more distal Jaca and Pamplona basins. Studies of source-to-sink systems make the Eocene stratigraphy of the Pyrenees and adjoining areas one of the best natural laboratories worldwide for understanding a complete sedimentary system. The hydrocarbon industry requires good predictive models for the distribution of reservoir and non-reservoir deposits. Using a wide range of proxy physical and geochemical data, we show with a high degree of confidence that Milankovitch forcing at a range of astronomical scales controlled deposition of the thin-bedded, fine-grained sandy turbidites and hemipelagites throughout the basin (~ 70% of the stratigraphy). The driver on sandy channelised submarine-fan deposition (the principal sandbodies) cannot be simply related to Milankovitch frequencies and is likely to be due to a combination of climatic, tectonic and/or autocyclic processes.

  2. Google Earth-Based Grand Tours of the World's Ocean Basins and Marine Sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    St John, K. K.; De Paor, D. G.; Suranovic, B.; Robinson, C.; Firth, J. V.; Rand, C.

    2016-12-01

    The GEODE project has produced a collection of Google Earth-based marine geology teaching resources that offer grand tours of the world's ocean basins and marine sediments. We use a map of oceanic crustal ages from Müller et al (2008; doi:10.1029/2007GC001743), and a set of emergent COLLADA models of IODP drill core data as a basis for a Google Earth tour introducing students to the world's ocean basins. Most students are familiar with basic seafloor spreading patterns but teaching experience suggests that few students have an appreciation of the number of abandoned ocean basins on Earth. Students also lack a valid visualization of the west Pacific where the oldest crust forms an isolated triangular patch and the ocean floor becomes younger towards the subduction zones. Our tour links geographic locations to mechanical models of rifting, seafloor spreading, subduction, and transform faulting. Google Earth's built-in earthquake and volcano data are related to ocean floor patterns. Marine sediments are explored in a Google Earth tour that draws on exemplary IODP core samples of a range of sediment types (e.g., turbidites, diatom ooze). Information and links are used to connect location to sediment type. This tour compliments a physical core kit of core catcher sections that can be employed for classroom instruction (geode.net/marine-core-kit/). At a larger scale, we use data from IMLGS to explore the distribution of the marine sediments types in the modern global ocean. More than 2,500 sites are plotted with access to original data. Students are guided to compare modern "type sections" of primary marine sediment lithologies, as well as examine site transects to address questions of bathymetric setting, ocean circulation, chemistry (e.g., CCD), and bioproductivity as influences on modern seafloor sedimentation. KMZ files, student exercises, and tips for instructors are available at geode.net/exploring-marine-sediments-using-google-earth.

  3. Marine dinoflagellates from Lower Cretaceous Muling Formation of Jixi Basin,China and their palaeoenvironmental significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiaoju; HE Chengquan; LI Wenben; PIAO Taiyuan

    2003-01-01

    Newly discovered marine dinoflagellates from the lower-middle parts of the Lower Cretaceous Muling Formation of the Jixi Basin, eastern Heilongjiang Province, China, were identified as Circulodinium cingulatum He et al., C. attadalicum (Cookson et Eisenack) Helby, Palaeoperidinium cretaceum Pocock, Oligosphaeridium totum Brideaux and Sentusidinium sp. Most of these species are distributed in the marine Lower Cretaceous strata of Europe, North America, Africa, Australia and Asia. It demonstrates that a transgression occurred in eastern Heilongjiang Province during the deposition of the Muling Formation, which was previously considered to be a coal-bearing continental stratigraphic unit. The marine dinoflagellates indicated that the Muling Formation is Barremian in age. The Palaeogeographic framework of eastern Heilongjiang Province in Late Mesozoic era should be rebuilt through systematic facies analyses of the marine, paralic and terrestrial deposits.

  4. Where are the Infantry Sergeants? An Examination of the Marine Corps’ Policies and Processes That Adversely Affected the Availability of Infantry Sergeants to Serve as Squad Leaders in the Operating Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    platoon broke down into two half platoons led by Sergeants. Lacldng their own tables or organization, Marine * Appendix C graphically depicts the Table...availability of infantry Sergeants. t Appendix C graphically depicts ,the Table of Organization of the US Marine Corps Rifle Company of 1944 8 h...affect enlisted ’staffing in recent conflicts. . Operation Desert Shielcl/ Deseli StC?rm was too brief to have had significant impact on manpower

  5. Local versus basin-scale limitation of marine nitrogen fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Thomas; Deutsch, Curtis

    2014-06-17

    Nitrogen (N) fixation by diazotrophic plankton is the primary source of this crucial nutrient to the ocean, but the factors limiting its rate and distribution are controversial. According to one view, the ecological niche of diazotrophs is primarily controlled by the ocean through internally generated N deficits that suppress the growth of their competitors. A second view posits an overriding limit from the atmosphere, which restricts diazotrophs to regions where dust deposition satisfies their high iron (Fe) requirement, thus separating N sources from sinks at a global scale. Here we use multiple geochemical signatures of N2 fixation to show that the Fe limitation of diazotrophs is strong enough to modulate the regional distribution of N2 fixation within ocean basins--particularly the Fe-poor Pacific--but not strong enough to influence its partition between basins, which is instead governed by rates of N loss. This scale-dependent limitation of N2 fixation reconciles local observations of Fe stress in diazotroph communities with an inferred spatial coupling of N sources and sinks. Within this regime of intermediate Fe control, the oceanic N reservoir would respond only weakly to enhanced dust fluxes during glacial climates, but strongly to the reduced fluxes hypothesized under anthropogenic climate warming.

  6. Moral Blow to the Marine Corps: The Repeal of the Don’t Ask Don’t Tell Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    his authority to try and convert homosexuals or get involved in their sex life , any more than they would for a heterosexual. Two, homosexuals must be...college dorms, college and high school gyms , professional sports locker rooms, / . poli~e and fire stations, and athletic dubs.ൣ This argument...Marines. A Marine cannot and should not be all things to society. Marines are the defenders of the Constitution and our way of life , not a social

  7. Fatal and Non-Fatal Electrocution Injuries at U.S. Marine Corps Forward Medical Facilities During Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Bradley; Deaton, Travis; Galarneau, Mike; Dye, Judy; Zieber, Tara; Auten, Jonathan

    2017-09-01

    Death from electrocution is rare and generally an accidental occurrence. In contrast to civilian patterns of electrocution injury, the military work environment suffers from a greater percentage of fatal high-voltage electrocutions. This study compared U.S. and international electrocution case fatality rates to rates among deployed military personnel presenting for care at expeditionary medical care facilities. We also sought to identify potential risk factors for fatal electrocution injury among deployed military personnel. A retrospective analysis was performed on electrocution injuries presenting to U.S. Marine Corps forward deployed medical facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan between January 2004 and December 2012. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study population and compare fatal and nonfatal electrocutions. Fatality rates were reported in cases per 1,000,000 people per year. A total of 38 patients were identified; all were males with a mean (SD) age of 25.3 (5.3) years. Most electrocutions occurred on base (68%), whereas a smaller number (21%) occurred while conducting operations outside of the base. A majority of fatal cases (80%) occurred while outside of base on foot or vehicle mounted patrol. The rate of fatal electrocutions among U.S. Marine Corps personnel during this period was 37 per 1,000,000 people per year, 7-fold higher than the international electrocution fatality rate of 5.4 per 1,000,000 people per year and nearly three-fold above the U.S. utility and construction worker's fatality rate of 14 per 1,000,000 people per year. Electrocution injuries occurring during foot or vehicle mounted patrols seem to account for findings of higher case fatality rates among deployed military personnel than those found in international or high risk civilian occupational settings. Basic life support training for medical and nonmedical military personnel is critical to optimizing care delivered at the scene of these injuries. Reprint & Copyright

  8. Further Recognition of Petroleum Exploration Potential of Marine Carbonates in Western Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lü Xiuxiang; Yang Haijun; Yang Ning; Zhao Fengyun; Ma Yujie

    2007-01-01

    A series of significant discoveries in marine carbonate rocks show great petroleum exploration potential in the Tarim Basin. However, the oil and gas fields discovered in the carbonate rocks are mainly distributed around the Manjiaer Sag in the eastern Tarim Basin. Some explorations occurred and no oil or gas field was discovered around the Awati Sag in the western Tarim Basin. Information from wells and outcrops reveals that there are excellent oil and gas source rock conditions around the Awati Sag. Transformed reef-shoal reservoirs could be formed in the Ordovician carbonate rocks with paleo-geographic background and hydrothermal conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to make a systematical study and overall evaluation of the potential of the periphery of the Awati Sag in terms of source rock evolution, resource potential, high-grade reservoir formation and distribution, and main factors controlling hydrocarbon migration and accumulation.

  9. Architecture and depositional development of the Eocene deep-marine Morillo and Coscojuela formations, Ainsa Basin, Spain.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pohl, F.; McCann, Tom

    2014-01-01

    The Aínsa Basin of northern Spain contains a deep-marine succession comprising up to 24 sandstone bodies separated by thick marl-rich units. A detailed analysis of nine outcrops (>900m of sediment profiles) from the Morillo Formation of the San Vicente Group, from the upper part of the basin success

  10. Two accumulation modes of marine-origin natural gas in the Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Hetianhe gas field, Lungudong gas field and Tazhong gas field are marine marine-origin natural gas reservoirs in the craton area in the Tarim Basin. The natural gas is generated from Cambrian source rocks. The simulation experiment indicated that the cracking of the dispersedly dissoluble organic matter remaining in the source rocks is the main origin of marine natural gas. There are two modes to form gas reservoirs, one is the dry gas reservoir such as Hetianhe gas field, in which gas accumulated on the fault belt with violent tectonic movement, the other is condensate gas reservoir formed on the inheriting uplift such as Lunnan and Tazhong gas fields. The hybrid simulation experiment of cracking gas and crude oil indicated that crude oil accumulated on a large scale in those uplift belts at the early stage, and natural gas filled the ancient oil reservoir at the late stage, and the gas reservoirs were formed after the gas mixed with the crude oil.

  11. Palaeogeographic evolution of the marine Middle Triassic marine Germanic Basin changements - With emphasis on the carbonate tidal flat and shallow marine habitats of reptiles in Central Pangaea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrich, Cajus G.

    2009-01-01

    More than seventy-five vertebrate track-sites have been found in Central Europe in 243-246.5 m.y. old Triassic coastal intertidal to sabkha carbonates. In the western part of the very flat Triassic intracontinental Germanic Basin, the carbonate strata contain at least 22 laterally extensive track horizons (called megatracksites). In contrast, in the eastern part of the basin only six megatracksites extended to near the centre of the Basin during marine low stands. Marine ingression and the development of extensive coastal marine environments began during the Aegean (Anisian) stage. This incursion began in the region of the eastern Carpathian and Silesian gates and spread westward due to the development of a tectonically controlled intracratonic basin. The tectonic origin of this basin made it susceptible to tsunamis and submarine earthquakes, which constituted very dangerous hazards for coastal terrestrial and even marine reptiles. The shallow sea that spread across the Germanic Basin produced extensive tidal flats that at times formed extensive inter-peninsular bridges between the Rhenish and Bohemian Massifs. The presence of these inter-peninsular bridges explains the observed distribution and movement of reptiles along coastal Europe and the northern Tethys Seaway during the Middle Triassic epoch. Two small reptiles, probably Macrocnemus and Hescherleria, left millions of tracks and trackways known as Rhynchosauroides and Procolophonichnium in the Middle Triassic coastal intertidal zone. The great abundance of their tracks indicates that their trackmakers Macrocnemus and Hescherleria were permanent inhabitants of this environment. In sharp contrast, tracks of other large terrestrial reptiles are quite rare along the coastal margins of the Germanic Basin, for example the recently discovered archaeosaur tracks and trackways referable to Isochirotherium, which most probably were made by the carnivore Ticinosuchus. Smaller medium-sized predatory thecodont reptiles

  12. Web application to access U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works and Restoration Projects information for the Rio Grande Basin, southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Eames, Deanna R.

    2009-01-01

    The Rio Grande Civil Works and Restoration Projects Web Application, developed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Albuquerque District, is designed to provide publicly available information through the Internet about civil works and restoration projects in the Rio Grande Basin. Since 1942, USACE Albuquerque District responsibilities have included building facilities for the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, providing flood protection, supplying water for power and public recreation, participating in fire remediation, protecting and restoring wetlands and other natural resources, and supporting other government agencies with engineering, contracting, and project management services. In the process of conducting this vast array of engineering work, the need arose for easily tracking the locations of and providing information about projects to stakeholders and the public. This fact sheet introduces a Web application developed to enable users to visualize locations and search for information about USACE (and some other Federal, State, and local) projects in the Rio Grande Basin in southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas.

  13. Shallow marine sedimentation within an active margin basin, James Ross Island, Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirrie, Duncan

    1989-06-01

    The Santa Marta Formation exposed on northern James Ross Island, Antarctica, represents shallow marine shelf sedimentation within an active margin basin. The formation is approximately 1000 m thick, is of uppermost Santonian to Campanian age and represents part of a 5000-6000 m thick sedimentary sequence forming the Larsen Basin. The Larsen Basin represents either a back-arc basin, or a half-graben basin, developed on the extending margin of the Weddell Sea. Twelve sedimentary facies have been recognised, which can be subdivided into two groups: those which are controlled by shelf processes and those which are related to active arc volcanism. Background shelf processes include fair-weather suspension sedimentation, storm sands and rare tidal current reworking. Active arc processes include direct settling of airfall detritus and rapid resedimentation of volcaniclastic detritus by sandy debris-flows and both high- and low-concentration turbidity currents. In addition sheet conglomerates represent debris flows that evolved from syn-sedimentary slumps. Two facies associations representing a mid to outer shelf and an inner shelf depositional setting respectively can be distinguished, with an apparent regression in the ?mid to late Campanian.

  14. Pleistocene reduction of polar ice caps: Evidence from Cariaco Basin marine sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poore, R.Z.; Dowsett, H.J.

    2001-01-01

    Sea level is projected to rise between 13 and 94 cm over the next 100 yr due to continued climate warming. The sea-level projections assume that polar ice sheets will remain stable or even increase on time scales of centuries, but controversial geologic evidence suggests that current polar ice sheets have been eliminated or greatly reduced during previous Pleistocene interglacials indicating that modern polar ice sheets have become unstable within the natural range of interglacial climates. Sea level may have been more than 20 m higher than today during a presumably very warm interglacial about 400 ka during marine isotope stage 11. Because of the implications for future sea level rise, additional study of the conflicting evidence for warmer conditions and higher sea level during marine isotope stage 11 is needed. Here we present microfossil and isotopic data from marine sediments of the Cariaco Basin supporting the interpretation that global sea level was 10-20 m higher than today during marine isotope stage 11. The increased sea level requires reduction in modern polar ice sheets and is consistent with the interpretation that the West Antarctic ice sheet and the Greenland ice sheet were absent or greatly reduced during marine isotope stage 11. Our results show a warm marine isotope stage 11 interglacial climate with sea level as high as or above modern sea level that lasted for 25 to 30 k.y. Variations in Earth's orbit around the sun (Milankovitch cycles) are considered to be a primary external force driving glacial-interglacial cycles. Current and marine isotope stage 11 Milankovitch forcing are very similar, suggesting that the present interglacial (Holocene) that began ca. 10 ka will continue for another 15 to 20 k.y. Therefore any anthropogenic climate warming will accelerate the natural process toward reduction in polar ice sheets. The potential for increased rates of sea level rise related to polar ice sheet decay should be considered as a potential natural

  15. Injury and Illness Casualty Distributions Among U.S. Army and Marine Corps Personnel During Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    parasitic diseases and diseases of the musculoskeletal, digestive, and nervous systems were more common. Branch of Service Marines sustained proportionally...neoplasms, mental disorders, diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, respiratory, and genitourinary systems were more common among women than... system Circulatory Respiratory Digestive Genitourinary Pregnancy Skin Musculoskeletal Congenital Ill-defined Injury Supplementary Total OIF-I No.

  16. DOD Financial Management: Actions Are Needed on Audit Issues Related to the Marine Corps 2012 Schedule of Budgetary Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    management , acquisition, supply chain , and logistics.11 However, progress in making system and process improvements has been slow, and weaknesses in...military services nearly 100 percent of the consumable items they need to operate, including food , fuel and energy, uniforms, medical supplies , and...DOD FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Actions Are Needed on Audit Issues Related to the Marine Corps’ 2012 Schedule of Budgetary

  17. Assessment of intrinsic bioremediation of gasoline contamination in the shallow aquifer, Laurel Bay Exchange, Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landmeyer, J.E.; Chapelle, Francis; Bradley, P.M.

    1996-01-01

    Laboratory, field, and digital solute-transport- modeling studies demonstrate that microorganisms indigenous to the shallow ground-water system at Laurel Bay Exchange, Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, South Carolina, can degrade petroleum hydrocarbons in gasoline released at the site. Microorganisms in aquifer sediments incubated in the laboratory under aerobic and anaerobic conditions mineralized radiolabeled carbon 14-toluene to 14C-carbon dioxide with first-order rate constants of Kbio = -0.640 per day and Kbio = -0.003 per day, respectively. Digital solute- transport modeling using the numerical code SUTRA revealed that anaerobic biodegradation of benzene occurs with a first-order rate constant near Kbio = -0.00025 per day. Sandy aquifer material beneath Laurel Bay Exchange is characterized by relatively high hydraulic conductivities (Kaq = 8.9 to 17.3 feet per day), average ground-water flow rate of about 60 feet per year, and a relatively uniform hydraulic gradient of 0.004 feet per foot. The sandy aquifer material also has low adsorptive potentials for toluene and benzene (both about Kad = 2.0 x 10-9 cubic feet per milligram), because of the lack of natural organic matter in the aquifer. The combination of this ground-water-flow rate and absence of significant adsorptive capacity in the aquifer permits toluene and benzene concentrations to be detected downgradient from the source area in monitoring wells, even though biodegradation of these compounds has been demonstrated. Solute-transport simulations, however, indicate that toluene and benzene will not reach the Broad River, the nearest point of contact with wildlife or human populations, about 3,600 feet west of the site boundary. These simulations also show that contamination will not be transported to the nearest Marine Corps property line about 2,400 feet south of the site. This is primarily because the source of contaminants has essentially been removed, and the low adsorptive capacity of the aquifer

  18. Results of the marine biota monitoring during drilling activity on Campos Basin, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petta, Claudia Brigagao de; Bastos, Fabio; Danielski, Monica; Ferreira, Mariana; Gama, Mariana; Coelho, Ana Paula Athanazio; Maia, Decio [Aecom do Brasil Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-07-01

    The Environmental Monitoring Project (PMA) aims to report environmental changes arising from drilling activity, in relation to the marine fauna. This project can also help in the monitoring of accidental spills. Since the professionals spend six hours of the day monitoring the ocean around the rigs, they can locate and identify oil stains, notify the responsible onboard, and also help in the monitoring of the oil stain. Such Project has been developed onboard a drilling unit working in Campos Basin. The results presented here were collected during the drilling activity in Bijupira and Salema fields, by Shell Brasil Petroleo Ltda, from July 13th to October 8th, 2011.

  19. A Methodology to Assess the Benefit of Operational or Tactic Adjustments to Reduce Marine Corps Fuel Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    heart of the methodology was a discrete event model developed to simulate the conditions of a close air support (CAS) operation and ground combat...methodology to assess potential improvements to operational reach in the context of a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) operation. At the heart of the...Factor Effects 195 xv LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ABMS agent based modeling and simulation ACE air combat element AH-1Z Super Cobra

  20. Best Practices for Addressing Combat Operational Stress and Other Behavioral Health Conditions in Marine Corps Substance Abuse Counseling Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    the primary care setting, including tools to identify those at high risk.” Due to insufficient information about the screening benefits for suicide...Medical Officer ( GMO ) or primary care physician first. This improvement in the working relationship between the SACC and MHU has ensured that there is...explained, “We have failed Sailors [or Marines] like those. We say, ‘adios,’ and [by the way] you aren’t eligible for VA benefits after all you have

  1. Suitability Screening Test for Marine Corps Air Traffic Controllers Phase 3: Non-cognitive Test Validation and Cognitive Test Prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    B. A., Baas, M., Wolsink, I., & Roskes, M. (2012). Working memory benefits creative insight, musical improvisation, and original ideation through...three types of sequences (made up of spatial, verbal , or numeric stimuli) that you must commit to memory N P R S T Response Grid • After you...the ATC MOS. MATC-ST implementation can improve the Marine vii ATC screening process through better schoolhouse performance, better operating forces

  2. Negative First-Term Outcomes Associated with Lower Extremity Injury During Recruit Training Among Female Marine Corps Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Infantry training and any specialized MOS training before matriculating into the Fleet Marine Force, up to 48 months of service. Failure to complete...Aptitude Battery: word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, arithmetic reason- ing, and mathematics knowledge.’" The raw scores are com- bined, weighted...graduation, and included School of Infantry training and any specialized military occupational (MOS) training before matriculating into the Fleet

  3. Dynamic, Dogmatic, & Divergent: How United States Marine Corps Officers Learn the Innovative Art of Constructive Rule-Breaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-16

    Corporate Cultures. (1982) Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, Peters, T. J., & Waterman, R. H. In Search of Excellence. (1982) New York: Harper and Row...support the merit of the rules, through epic stories of legendary Marines who financed the dogma with their lives. The interim result at month three...Obstfeld, and Marc J. Melitz. International Economics: Theory & Policy. The Pearson Series in Economics. 9th ed. Boston: Pearson Addison-Wesley, 2012

  4. Molecular epidemiology of early and acute HIV type 1 infections in the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2005-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heipertz, Richard A; Sanders-Buell, Eric; Kijak, Gustavo; Howell, Shana; Lazzaro, Michelle; Jagodzinski, Linda L; Eggleston, John; Peel, Sheila; Malia, Jennifer; Armstrong, Adam; Michael, Nelson L; Kim, Jerome H; O'Connell, Robert J; Scott, Paul T; Brett-Major, David M; Tovanabutra, Sodsai

    2013-10-01

    The U.S. military represents a unique population within the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) pandemic. The last comprehensive study of HIV-1 in members of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps (Sea Services) was completed in 2000, before large-scale combat operations were taking place. Here, we present molecular characterization of HIV-1 from 40 Sea Services personnel who were identified during their seroconversion window and initially classified as HIV-1 negative during screening. Protease/reverse transcriptase (pro/rt) and envelope (env) sequences were obtained from each member of the cohort. Phylogenetic analyses were carried out on these regions to determine relatedness within the cohort and calculate the most recent common ancestor for the related sequences. We identified 39 individuals infected with subtype B and one infected with CRF01_AE. Comparison of the pairwise genetic distance of Sea Service sequences and reference sequences in the env and pro/rt regions showed that five samples were part of molecular clusters, a group of two and a group of three, confirmed by single genome amplification. Real-time molecular monitoring of new HIV-1 acquisitions in the Sea Services may have a role in facilitating public health interventions at sites where related HIV-1 infections are identified.

  5. Drilling and thermal gradient measurements at US Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California. Final report, October 1, 1983-March 31, 1984

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trexler, D.T.; Flynn, T.; Ghusn, G. Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Seven temperature gradient holes were drilled at the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California, as part of a cooperative research and development program, jointly funded by the Navy and Department of Energy. The purpose of this program was to assess geothermal resources at selected Department of Defense installations. Drill site selection was based on geophysical anomalies delineated by combined gravity, ground magnetic and aeromagnetic surveys. Temperature gradients ranged from 1.3/sup 0/C/100 m (1/sup 0/F/100 ft.) in hole No. 1 to 15.3/sup 0/C/100 m (8.3/sup 0/F/100 ft.) in temperature gradient hole No. 6. Large, positive geothermal gradients in temperature gradient holes 5 and 6, combined with respective bottom hole temperatures of 51.6/sup 0/C (125/sup 0/F) and 67/sup 0/C (153/sup 0/F), indicate that an extensive, moderate-temperature geothermal resource is located on the MCAGCC. The geothermal reservoir appears to be situated in old, unconsolidated alluvial material and is structurally bounded on the east by the Mesquite Lake fault and on the west by the Surprise Spring fault. If measured temperature gradients continue to increase at the observed rate, temperatures in excess of 80/sup 0/C (178/sup 0/F) can be expected at a depth of 2000 feet.

  6. Marine sediment cores database for the Mediterranean Basin: a tool for past climatic and environmental studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberico, I.; Giliberti, I.; Insinga, D. D.; Petrosino, P.; Vallefuoco, M.; Lirer, F.; Bonomo, S.; Cascella, A.; Anzalone, E.; Barra, R.; Marsella, E.; Ferraro, L.

    2017-06-01

    Paleoclimatic data are essential for fingerprinting the climate of the earth before the advent of modern recording instruments. They enable us to recognize past climatic events and predict future trends. Within this framework, a conceptual and logical model was drawn to physically implement a paleoclimatic database named WDB-Paleo that includes the paleoclimatic proxies data of marine sediment cores of the Mediterranean Basin. Twenty entities were defined to record four main categories of data: a) the features of oceanographic cruises and cores (metadata); b) the presence/absence of paleoclimatic proxies pulled from about 200 scientific papers; c) the quantitative analysis of planktonic and benthonic foraminifera, pollen, calcareous nannoplankton, magnetic susceptibility, stable isotopes, radionuclides values of about 14 cores recovered by Institute for Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC) of Italian National Research Council (CNR) in the framework of several past research projects; d) specific entities recording quantitative data on δ18O, AMS 14C (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) and tephra layers available in scientific papers. Published data concerning paleoclimatic proxies in the Mediterranean Basin are recorded only for 400 out of 6000 cores retrieved in the area and they show a very irregular geographical distribution. Moreover, the data availability decreases when a constrained time interval is investigated or more than one proxy is required. We present three applications of WDB-Paleo for the Younger Dryas (YD) paleoclimatic event at Mediterranean scale and point out the potentiality of this tool for integrated stratigraphy studies.

  7. Transition from marine deep slope deposits to evaporitic facies of an isolated foreland basin: case study of the Sivas Basin (Turkey)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pichat, Alexandre; Hoareau, Guilhem; Legeay, Etienne; Lopez, Michel; Bonnel, Cédric; Callot, Jean-Paul; Ringenbach, Jean-Claude

    2017-04-01

    The Sivas Basin, located in the central part of the Anatolian Plateau in Turkey, formed after the closure of the northern Neotethys from Paleocene to Pliocene times. It developed over an ophiolitic basement obducted from the north during the Late Cretaceous. During Paleocene to Eocene times, the onset of the Tauride compression led to the development of a foreland basin affected by north-directed thrusts. The associate general deepening of the basin favored the accumulation of a thick marine turbiditic succession in the foredeep area, followed by a fast shallowing of the basin and thick evaporitic sequence deposition during the late Eocene. We present here the detailed sedimentological architecture of this flysch to evaporite transition. In the northern part of the basin, volcanoclastic turbidites gradually evolved into basinal to prodelta deposits regularly fed by siliciclastic material during flood events. Locally (to the NE), thick-channelized sandstones are attributed to the progradation of delta front distributary channels. The basin became increasingly sediment-starved and evolved toward azoic carbonates and shaly facies, interlayered with organic-rich shales before the first evaporitic deposits. In the southern part of the basin, in the central foredeep, the basinal turbidites become increasingly gypsum-rich and record a massive mega-slump enclosing olistoliths of gypsum and of ophiolitic rocks. Such reworked evaporites were fed by the gravitational collapsing of shallow water evaporites that had previously precipitated in silled piggy-back basins along the southern fold-and-thrust-belt of the Sivas Basin. Tectonic activity that led to the dismantlement of such evaporites probably also contributed to the closure of the basin from the marine domain. From the north to the south, subsequent deposits consist in about 70 meters of secondary massive to fine-grained gypsiferous beds interpreted as recording high to low density gypsum turbidites. Such facies were

  8. Ichnofabric analysis of the Tithonian shallow marine sediments (Bhadasar Formation) Jaisalmer Basin, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bhawanisingh G Desai; Rajendra Dutt Saklani

    2014-08-01

    The shallow marine sedimentary sequence of the Jaisalmer Basin exhibits one of the important and well-developed Tithonian sedimentary outcrops for western India. The ichnology and ichnofabric of the lower part of Bhadasar Formation (i.e., Kolar Dongar Member) belonging to Tithonian age are presented and discussed. The Kolar Dongar Member represents a shallow marine succession that contains 16 ichnotaxa: Ancorichnus ancorichnus, Conichnus conicus, Gyrochorte comosa, cf. Jamesonichnites heinbergi, Imponoglyphus kevadiensis, Laevicyclus mongraensis, Monocraterion tentaculatum, Ophiomorpha nodosa, Palaeophycus tubularis, P. bolbiterminus, Phycodes palmatus, Planolites beverleyensis, Rhizocorallium isp., Rosselia rotatus, R. socialis, and Teichichnus rectus. The ichnofabric analysis divulges five distinct ichnofabrics, each typifying distinct depositional environment within shallow marine conditions. The ichnofabric Ophiomorpha 1 with syn-sedimentary faulting exemplifies high energy conditions typical of lower shoreface environment, whereas the Ophiomorpha 2 ichnofabric typifies upper shoreface environment. The Ancorichnus ichnofabric reflects lower offshore condition of deposition. The high ichnodiversity Ancorichnus–Rosselia ichnofabric is indicative of inner shelf conditions, while low ichno-diversity Teichichnus ichnofabric indicates prevalence of low energy brackish bay environment. Thus, Tithonian Kolar Dongar Member indicates depositional environment ranging from shoreface to offshore to inner shelf and finally to brackish bay environment.

  9. Synthesis of downstream fish passage information at projects owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in the Willamette River Basin, Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Amy C.; Kock, Tobias J.; Hansen, Gabriel S.

    2017-08-07

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) operates the Willamette Valley Project (Project) in northwestern Oregon, which includes a series of dams, reservoirs, revetments, and fish hatcheries. Project dams were constructed during the 1950s and 1960s on rivers that supported populations of spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), winter steelhead (O. mykiss), and other anadromous fish species in the Willamette River Basin. These dams, and the reservoirs they created, negatively affected anadromous fish populations. Efforts are currently underway to improve passage conditions within the Project and enhance populations of anadromous fish species. Research on downstream fish passage within the Project has occurred since 1960 and these efforts are documented in numerous reports and publications. These studies are important resources to managers in the Project, so the USACE requested a synthesis of existing literature that could serve as a resource for future decision-making processes. In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted an extensive literature review on downstream fish passage studies within the Project. We identified 116 documents that described studies conducted during 1960–2016. Each of these documents were obtained, reviewed, and organized by their content to describe the state-of-knowledge within four subbasins in the Project, which include the North Santiam, South Santiam, McKenzie, and Middle Fork Willamette Rivers. In this document, we summarize key findings from various studies on downstream fish passage in the Willamette Project. Readers are advised to review specific reports of interest to insure that study methods, results, and additional considerations are fully understood.

  10. The isotopic composition of authigenic chromium in anoxic marine sediments: A case study from the Cariaco Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhard, Christopher T.; Planavsky, Noah J.; Wang, Xiangli; Fischer, Woodward W.; Johnson, Thomas M.; Lyons, Timothy W.

    2014-12-01

    Chromium (Cr) isotopes are an emerging proxy for tracking redox processes at the Earth's surface. However, there has been limited exploration of the Cr isotope record of modern and recent marine sediments. The basic inorganic chemistry of Cr suggests that anoxic marine basins should factor prominently in the global Cr cycle and that sediments deposited within anoxic basins may offer a valuable Cr isotope archive throughout Earth's history. Here, we present δ53Cr data from sediments of the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela-a 'type' environment for large, perennially anoxic basins with a relatively strong hydrological connection to the global oceans. We document a marked positive shift in bulk δ53Cr values following the termination of the Last Glacial Maximum, followed by relative stasis. Based on a suite of independent redox proxies, this transition marks a switch from oxic to persistently anoxic and sulfidic (euxinic) depositional conditions within the basin. We find good agreement between two independent approaches toward estimating the δ53Cr composition of authigenic Cr in euxinic Cariaco Basin sediments and that these estimates are very similar to the δ53Cr composition of modern open Atlantic Ocean seawater. These data, together with considerations of reaction kinetics and mass balance within the Cariaco Basin, are consistent with the hypothesis that anoxic marine settings can serve as a chemical archive of first-order trends in seawater δ53Cr composition. Additionally, the Cariaco Basin data suggest that there has been secular stability in the average δ53Cr value of Atlantic seawater over the last ∼15 kyr.

  11. Grain size analysis and depositional environment of shallow marine to basin floor, Kelantan River Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afifah, M. R. Nurul; Aziz, A. Che; Roslan, M. Kamal

    2015-09-01

    Sediment samples were collected from the shallow marine from Kuala Besar, Kelantan outwards to the basin floor of South China Sea which consisted of quaternary bottom sediments. Sixty five samples were analysed for their grain size distribution and statistical relationships. Basic statistical analysis like mean, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis were calculated and used to differentiate the depositional environment of the sediments and to derive the uniformity of depositional environment either from the beach or river environment. The sediments of all areas were varied in their sorting ranging from very well sorted to poorly sorted, strongly negative skewed to strongly positive skewed, and extremely leptokurtic to very platykurtic in nature. Bivariate plots between the grain-size parameters were then interpreted and the Coarsest-Median (CM) pattern showed the trend suggesting relationships between sediments influenced by three ongoing hydrodynamic factors namely turbidity current, littoral drift and waves dynamic, which functioned to control the sediments distribution pattern in various ways.

  12. The benthic marine assemblages of the estuarine and shallow marine Upper Burdigalian deposits of the Korneuburg Basin in Lower Austria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hengst, Babette; Zuschin, Martin; Harzhauser, Mathias; Mandic, Oleg; Roetzel, Reinhard

    2010-05-01

    In the course of highway constructions (Wiener Außenring-Schnellstraße (S1)) a detailed sedimentological transect of 1.8 km length was logged in deposits of the Central Paratethys near the village of Stetten, N of Korneuburg in Lower Austria. A total of 324 sediment- and 118 molluscan samples was studied. The siliciclastic succession consists of pelitic and sandy sediments and sandstones and is rich in fossils. The fossil remains consist of sponges, corals, serpulids, molluscs, balanids, echinoderms, fish and micromammals. Quantitatively the molluscs dominate and have been studied in detail. 139 species were determined from more than 11,000 shells. Two gastropod species, Agapilia pachii und Granulolabium bicinctum make up more than 53% of the assemblage. Another 11 species (Nassarius edlaueri, Bittium spina, Loripes dujardini, Hydrobia spp., Paphia subcarinata, Cyllenina ternodosa, Turritella gradata, Corbula gibba, Cerastoderma praeplicata, Striarca lactea, Sandbergeria perpusilla) each contributes more than 1% to the total molluscan composition, but all other 126 species are quantitatively unimportant. A conspicuous alternation between intertidal and shallow subtidal mollusc associations is evident. The intertidal is dominated by the superabundant Agapilia pachii and Granulolabium plicatum, whereas the heavily bioturbated fully marine subtidal is characterized by a more diverse assemblage including Turritella gradata, Nassarius edlaueri, Anadara diluvii and various venerids. Additionally, layers with large fragments of Crassostrea and thin coal deposits with Terebralia bidentata are quite abundant in the section. Washed in land snails (e.g., Planorbidae) and river snails (Melanopsidae) occur occasionally. This faunal composition, along with its typical alternation points to a vivid dynamic within this Lower Miocene, subtropical ecosystem in the paleo-estuary of the southern Korneuburg basin.

  13. Oceanic provinces and basin-scale connectivity derived from a hydrodynamical network help designing marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Cristóbal; Rossi, Vincent; Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio

    2014-05-01

    Larval dispersal and marine connectivity have been identified as crucial factors for structuring marine population and thus to design Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Focusing on larval dispersal by ocean currents, we propose a new approach coupling Lagrangian modeling and network theory which characterizes marine connectivity in the whole Mediterranean basin. Larvae of different Pelagic Larval Duration are modeled as passive tracers advected in a simulated oceanic surface flow from which a network of connected areas can be constructed. Hydrodynamical 'coherent' provinces extracted from this network are delimited by frontiers which match mesoscale oceanographic features. By examining the repeated occurrence of such boundaries, we identify the relevant scales of larval dispersal across the entire seascape. We finally used these hydrodynamical units to define connectivity metrics for a few selected MPAs in the Mediterranean sea and we discuss our results for future allocations of MPA. The characterization of marine connectivity and its geographic structure at basin-scale has ecological and managerial implications, especially considering the growing interests for offshore MPAs.

  14. Marine Ingressive Events Recorded in Epicontinental Sequences:Example from the Cretaceous Songliao Basin of NE China in Comparison with the Triassic Central Europe Basin of SW Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Pujun; LIU Wanzhu; YIN Xiuzhen; SCHNEIDER Werner; MATTERN Frank

    2002-01-01

    Songliao Basin is filled predominantly with continental facies sediments including alluvial fan, fluvial plain, fan delta, lacustrine delta, shore - shallow lacustrine, beach salty flat, semi - deep to deep lacustrine, subaqueous gravity flow,lacustrine swamp and pyroclastic sediments. However, some event units were formed during lake - marine linking periods of the Mid - Cretaceous in the basin, which include black shales with high values for salinity (Sr/Ba) , alkalinity ( Ca + Mg)/(Si + Al) , reducibility (Ni + Zn)/Ga and sulfide sulfur as well as heavy isotopes. The Breitenholz -section to be represented for facies comparison with the Cretaceous evaporitic series in Northeast China is localized in Southwest Germany. Stratigraphically it belongs to the Crabfeld Formation of Keuper of the Germanic Triassic corresponding to Ladinian - Carnian of the international reference scale, and is generally called Lower Gipskeuper. The Germanic Triassic was deposited in the epicontinental (cratonic) central Europe Basin. It covered the area in between Great Britain, North Sea, Poland and Southern Germany. It is composed of cyclic deposits of multicolored mudstones, gypsum/anhydrite, and dolomite beds. The two cases of marine ingression - influenced sequences share some common features.

  15. Marine Corps Budgetary Reprogramming Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    William Gates Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy iv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT Within the Department...other hand, effectiveness can be defined by way of the business management approach. In business management effectiveness is defined at the point at...notion that the term “reprogramming” did not emerge in government or defense terminology until the mid-1950s. Papers and articles put forth

  16. Analysis of Marine Gravity Anomalies in the Ulleung Basin (East Sea/Sea of Japan) and Its Implications for the Architecture of Rift-Dominated Backarc Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sang-Mook; Kim, Yoon-Mi

    2016-04-01

    Marginal basins locate between the continent and arc islands often exhibit diverse style of opening, from regions that appear to have formed by well-defined and localized spreading center (manifested by the presence of distinct seafloor magnetic anomaly patterns) to those with less obvious zones of extension and a broad magmatic emplacement most likely in the lower crust. Such difference in the style of back-arc basin formation may lead to marked difference in crustal structure in terms of its overall thickness and spatial variations. The Ulleung Basin, one of three major basins in the East Sea/Sea of Japan, is considered to represent a continental rifting end-member of back-arc opening. Although a great deal of work has been conducted on the sedimentary sections in the last several decades, the deep crustal sections have not been systematically investigated for long time, and thus the structure and characteristics of the crust remain poorly understood. This study examines the marine gravity anomalies of the Ulleung Basin in order to understand the crustal structure using crucial sediment-thickness information. Our analysis shows that the Moho depth in general varies from 16 km at the basin center to 22 km at the margins. However, within the basin center, the inferred thickness of the crust is more or less the same (10-12 km), thus by varying only about 10-20% of the total thickness, contrary to the previous impression. The almost-uniformly-thick crust that is thicker than a normal oceanic crust (~ 7 km) is consistent with previous observations using ocean bottom seismometers and recent deep seismic results from the nearby Yamato Basin. Another important finding is that small residual mantle gravity anomaly highs exist in the northern part of the basin. These highs are aligned in the NNE-SSW direction which correspond to the orientation of the major tectonic structures on the Korean Peninsula, raising the possibility that, though by a small degree, they are a

  17. Evidence for low sulphate and anoxia in a mid-Proterozoic marine basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yanan; Knoll, Andrew H; Walter, Malcolm R

    2003-06-05

    Many independent lines of evidence document a large increase in the Earth's surface oxidation state 2,400 to 2,200 million years ago, and a second biospheric oxygenation 800 to 580 million years ago, just before large animals appear in the fossil record. Such a two-staged oxidation implies a unique ocean chemistry for much of the Proterozoic eon, which would have been neither completely anoxic and iron-rich as hypothesized for Archaean seas, nor fully oxic as supposed for most of the Phanerozoic eon. The redox chemistry of Proterozoic oceans has important implications for evolution, but empirical constraints on competing environmental models are scarce. Here we present an analysis of the iron chemistry of shales deposited in the marine Roper Basin, Australia, between about 1,500 and 1,400 million years ago, which record deep-water anoxia beneath oxidized surface water. The sulphur isotopic compositions of pyrites in the shales show strong variations along a palaeodepth gradient, indicating low sulphate concentrations in mid-Proterozoic oceans. Our data help to integrate a growing body of evidence favouring a long-lived intermediate state of the oceans, generated by the early Proterozoic oxygen revolution and terminated by the environmental transformation late in the Proterozoic eon.

  18. Marine geophysical study of the Comorin Ridge, North Central Indian Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahle, Hans-Gert; Naini, Bhoopal R.; Talwani, Manik; Eldholm, Olav

    1981-05-01

    Marine geophysical data are used to interpret the continental margin structure south of India and west of Sri Lanka in the northern Central Indian Basin. Free-air and isostatic anomaly maps are presented. They show the prominent Indian Ocean gravity low with values more negative than -100 mgal south-west of Sri Lanka. A steep gradient in the free-air and isostatic anomaly forms a NNW-SSE trending line extending south and striking parallel to the southwest coast of India. This line marks the eastern boundary of a topographic and basement high here named the `Comorin Ridge' which is also clearly seen on a sediment isopach map. The ridge seems to act as a barrier to the passage of Ganges Cone sediments to the west. A comparison of the eastern (landward) edge of the Comorin Ridge with similar structures of other passive continental margins such as those off southern South Africa (Agulhas Fracture zone), off the Falkland Plateau and off western Norway is made. It is suggested that the eastern edge of the Comorin Ridge may mark a significant structural crustal boundary.

  19. Advances in ammonite biostratigraphy of the marine Atacama basin (Lower Cretaceous), northern Chile, and its relationship with the Neuquén basin, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourgues, Francisco Amaro

    2004-09-01

    Preliminary results about the Lower Cretaceous ammonite biostratigraphy of northern Chile reveal eight fossiliferous levels: Lower-Upper Valanginian neocomitid and olcostephanid faunas in the Punta del Cobre and Abundancia Formations and Upper Hauterivian-Barremian crioceratid in the Nantoco, Totoralillo, and Pabellón Formations. The faunal affinities with the Neuquén are strong during the Valanginian and Hauterivian. In contrast, during the Barremian and Aptian, the ammonites show affinities with Austral, California, and Tethys basinal faunas. The Lower Valanginian-lower Upper Aptian series in northern Chile comprises two sedimentary cycles separated by a regressive pulse of Upper Hauterivian-Lower Barremian age. This pulse may be equivalent to the regression that ended the Early Cretaceous marine cycle in central Chile and central west Argentina, where the second marine sedimentary cycle observed in northern Chile is not represented.

  20. Development of a Markov Model for Forecasting Continuation Rates for Enlisted Prior Service and Non-Prior Service Personnel in the Selective Marine Corps Reserve (SMCR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Corps Officers” (master’s thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, 2007), 21. 35 Jeffery Sapp , “A Calculator Adaption of the Markov Chain Model for...a Class of the Civil Service.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 20, no. 1 (March 1971): 85–110. Sapp , Jeffrey K. “A Calculator Adaptation of

  1. Neogene vegetation development in the Amazon Basin: evidence from marine well-2, Foz do Amazonas (Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogota-Angel, Raul; Chemale Junior, Farid; Davila, Roberto; Soares, Emilson; Pinto, Ricardo; Do Carmo, Dermeval; Hoorn, Carina

    2014-05-01

    Origen and development of the highly diverse Amazon tropical forest has mostly been inferred from continental sites. However, sediment records in the marine Foz do Amazonas Basin can provide important information to better understand the influence of the Andes uplift and climate change on its plant biomes evolution since the Neogene. Sediment analyses of samples from BP-Petrobras well 1 and 2, drilled in the Amazon Fan, allowed to infer the onset of the transcontinental Amazon river and the fan phase during the middle to late Miocene (c. 10.5 Ma). As part of the CLIMAMAZON research programme we performed pollen analysis on the 10.5 to 0.4 Ma time interval. 76 ditch cutting samples of the upper 4165 m sediments of well 2 permitted us to infer changes in floral composition in the Amazon Basin. The palynological spectra across this interval (nannofossil based age model) include pollen, fern spores, dinocysts and foram lignings. When possible pollen and fern spores were grouped in four vegetation types: estuarine, tropical, mountain forest and high mountain open treeless vegetation. Pollen is generally corroded and reflects the effects of sediment transportation while reworked material is also common. Good pollen producers such as Poaceae, Asteraceae and Cyperaceae are common and reflect indistinctive vegetation types particularly those associated to riverine systems. Rhizophora/Zonocostites spp. indicate "close-distance" mangrove development. Tropical forest biomes are represented by pollen that resemble Moraceae-Urticaceae, Melastomataceae-Combretaceae, Sapotaceae, Alchornea, Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, Bignoniaceae, Mauritia and Arecaceae. Myrica, and particularly sporadic occurrences of fossil fern spores like Lophosoria, and Cyathea suggest the development of a moist Andean forest in areas above 1000 m. First indicators of high altitudes appear in the last part of late Miocene with taxa associated to current Valeriana and particularly Polylepis, a neotropical taxon

  2. Fungal diversity from deep marine subsurface sediments (IODP 317, Canterbury Basin, New Zealand)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redou, V.; Arzur, D.; Burgaud, G.; Barbier, G.

    2012-12-01

    Recent years have seen a growing interest regarding micro-eukaryotic communities in extreme environments as a third microbial domain after Bacteria and Archaea. However, knowledge is still scarce and the diversity of micro-eukaryotes in such environments remains hidden and their ecological role unknown. Our research program is based on the deep sedimentary layers of the Canterbury Basin in New Zealand (IODP 317) from the subsurface to the record depth of 1884 meters below seafloor. The objectives of our study are (i) to assess the genetic diversity of fungi in deep-sea sediments and (ii) identify the functional part in order to better understand the origin and the ecological role of fungal communities in this extreme ecosystem. Fingerprinting-based methods using capillary electrophoresis single-strand conformation polymorphism and denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography were used as a first step to raise our objectives. Molecular fungal diversity was assessed using amplification of ITS1 (Internal Transcribed Spacer 1) as a biomarker on 11 samples sediments from 3.76 to 1884 meters below seafloor. Fungal molecular signatures were detected throughout the sediment core. The phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota were revealed with DNA as well as cDNA. Most of the phylotypes are affiliated to environmental sequences and some to common fungal cultured species. The discovery of a present and metabolically active fungal component in this unique ecosystem allows some interesting first hypotheses that will be further combined to culture-based methods and deeper molecular methods (454 pyrosequencing) to highlight essential informations regarding physiology and ecological role of fungal communities in deep marine sediments.

  3. The Formation and Distribution of the Marine Hydrocarbon Source Rock in the Tarim Basin, NW China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Xiyuan; WANG Yi

    2008-01-01

    There are significant differences in type and distribution between marine source rock and continental source rock. According to the lithology, the Cambrian-Ordovician source rock in the Tarim basin is divided into two types: the carbonate source rock and the mud source rock. The two sets of source rocks are developed mainly in three sets of formations, Lower-Middle Cambrian carbonate source rock and mud source rock, Lower-Middle Ordovician mud source rock and Upper Ordovician lime mud source rock. The stratigraphic and areal distributions of the source rocks are controlled by the altitude and the sedimentary facies respectively. The mud source rock is developed in slope-semi deep sea environment. The source rock developed in the slope sedimentary environment is related with the anoxic environment and the one developed in semi deep sea has a close relationship with the up-flowing sea water. The carbonate source rock is developed mainly in platform slope of highstand systems tract and it is usually intimately associated with the salt rock. The Lower-Middle Cambrian carbonate source rock is developed mainly in the Bachu, Tazhong, Taugguzibasi and Yingmaili areas. The Lower-Middle Cambrian mud source rock is mainly developed in the areas east of the line of Kunan 1-Tadong 1. The Lower-Middle Ordovician mud source rock is developed mainly in the east slope of the Manjiaer depression. The carbonate source rock of Early Ordovician is developed mainly in the platform slope of highstand systems tract, such as the south margin of Tabei, the north slope of Tazhong, the Bachu area and Keping area.

  4. YIP Expansion: Ocean Basin Impact of Ambient Noise on Marine Mammal Detectability, Distribution, and Acoustic Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    Marine Mammal Detectability, Distribution, and Acoustic Communication Jennifer L. Miksis-Olds Applied Research Laboratory The Pennsylvania State...oceanography, signal processing, marine mammal biology, propagation modelling, and statistics. Familiarity and previously established access and...debate on the effect of noise on marine mammals . Application of the most optimal automatic detectors to density estimation efforts over time, examined

  5. Mesozoic non-marine petroleum source rocks determined by palynomorphs in the Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, D.-X.; Wang, Y.-D.; Robbins, E.I.; Wei, J.; Tian, N.

    2008-01-01

    The Tarim Basin in Northwest China hosts petroleum reservoirs of Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous and Tertiary ages. The sedimentary thickness in the basin reaches about 15 km and with an area of 560000 km2, the basin is expected to contain giant oil and gas fields. It is therefore important to determine the ages and depositional environments of the petroleum source rocks. For prospective evaluation and exploration of petroleum, palynological investigations were carried out on 38 crude oil samples collected from 22 petroleum reservoirs in the Tarim Basin and on additionally 56 potential source rock samples from the same basin. In total, 173 species of spores and pollen referred to 80 genera, and 27 species of algae and fungi referred to 16 genera were identified from the non-marine Mesozoic sources. By correlating the palynormorph assemblages in the crude oil samples with those in the potential source rocks, the Triassic and Jurassic petroleum source rocks were identified. Furthermore, the palynofloras in the petroleum provide evidence for interpretation of the depositional environments of the petroleum source rocks. The affinity of the miospores indicates that the petroleum source rocks were formed in swamps in brackish to lacustrine depositional environments under warm and humid climatic conditions. The palynomorphs in the crude oils provide further information about passage and route of petroleum migration, which is significant for interpreting petroleum migration mechanisms. Additionally, the thermal alternation index (TAI) based on miospores indicates that the Triassic and Jurassic deposits in the Tarim Basin are mature petroleum source rocks. ?? Cambridge University Press 2008.

  6. Organic pollutants in sediment cores of NE-Germany: Comparison of the marine Arkona Basin with freshwater sediments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricking, M. [Free University Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, 12249 Berlin (Germany)]. E-mail: ricking@zedat.fu-berlin.de; Koch, M. [Free University Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, 12249 Berlin (Germany); Rotard, W. [Free University Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, 12249 Berlin (Germany)

    2005-12-15

    During a contamination survey in NE-Germany sediment cores were sampled at 5 locations with freeze-coring devices and conventional box-coring systems. In total more than 40 samples were analysed for several organic compounds (136 PCDD/F, 33 PCB, 39 PAH, 10 DDX, 4 HCH, 4 CB), sedimentological parameters (TOC, TC, TIC, LOI), some total trace metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Zn) and dated by measurement of the {sup 21}Pb and {sup 137}Cs activity. The deepest segment of the cores from the Arkona Basin and the freshwater lakes were dated back to the end of the 19th century. A comparison of marine versus freshwater data is presented. The contamination levels of Arkona Basin were often lower than anthropogenically influenced freshwater sediments and more similar to a freshwater sediment core only influenced by deposition, with an additional Oder River inflow. Differences in patterns and contamination levels are discussed.

  7. Southern North Sea Basin in Europe: Biodiversity of the Marine Fürstenau Formation Including Early White and Megatooth Sharks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. G. Diedrich

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Fürstenau Formation (Lutetian, Paleogene, Eocene is based on type sections near Fürstenau in Germany (central Europe and is built of 22 meter thick marine glauconitic and strongly bioturbated sands, clays, and a vertebrate-rich conglomerate bed. The conglomerate layer from the Early Lutetian transgression reworked Lower Cretaceous, and Paleogene marine sediments. It is dominated by pebbles from the locally mountains which must have been transported by an ancient river in a delta fan. Marine reworked Lower Cretaceous and Paleogen pebbles/fossils, were derived from the underlying deposits of northern Germany (= southern pre North Sea basin. The benthic macrofauna is cold upwelling water influenced and non-tropical, and medium divers. The vertebrate fish fauna is extremely rich in shark teeth, with about 5,000 teeth per cubic meter of gravel. The most dominant forms are teeth from sand shark ancestors Striatolamia macrota, followed by white shark ancestors Carcharodon auriculatus. Even teeth from the magatooth shark ancestor Carcharocles sokolovi are present in a moderately diverse and condensed Paleogene fish fauna that also includes rays, chimaeras, and more then 80 different bony fish. Fragmentary turtle remains are present, and few terrestrial vertebrates and even marine mammals with phocids, sirenians and possibly whales.

  8. Organic geochemical characterisation of shallow marine Cretaceous formations from Yola Sub-basin, Northern Benue Trough, NE Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarki Yandoka, Babangida M.; Abdullah, Wan Hasiah; Abubakar, M. B.; Hakimi, Mohammed Hail; Jauro, Aliyu; Adegoke, Adebanji Kayode

    2016-05-01

    The shallow marine shales of the Cretaceous formations namely Yolde, Dukul, Jessu, Sekuliye and Numanha ranging in age from Cenomanian to Coniacian within the Yola Sub-basin in the Northern Benue Trough, northeastern Nigeria were analysed to provide an overview on their hydrocarbon generation potential. This study is based on pyrolysis analysis, total organic carbon content (TOC), extractable organic matter (EOM), biomarker distributions and measured vitrinite reflectance. The present-day TOC contents range between 0.24 and 0.71 wt. % and Hydrogen Index (HI) values between 8.7 and 113 mg HC/g TOC with Type III/IV kerogens. Based on the present-day kerogen typing, the shale sediments are expected to generate mainly gas. Biomarker compositions indicates deposition in a marine environment under suboxic conditions with prevalent contribution of aquatic organic matter and a significant amount of terrigenous organic matter input. Organic matter that is dominated by marine components contains kerogens of Type II and Type II-III. This study shows that the organic matter has been affected by volcanic intrusion and consequently, have reached post-mature stage of oil generation. These higher thermal maturities levels are consistent with the vitrinite reflectance ranging from 0.85 to 2.35 Ro % and high Tmax (440-508 °C) values as supported by biomarker maturity ratios. Based on this study, a high prospect for major gas and minor oil generation potential is anticipated from the shallow marine Cretaceous formations from Yola Sub-basin.

  9. Basin-Scale nd Isotope Gradients in South Atlantic Marine Sedimentary Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ran, W.; Abouchami, W.; Zahn, R.; Masque, P.

    2012-12-01

    radiogenic ɛNd values, whereas variable Holocene Pa/Th are combined to less radiogenic ɛNd values. The radiogenic seawater Nd isotope signature is entirely consistent with a predominance at the site during the LGM of a water body different from present-day NADW (ɛNd=-13). Together with existing Nd isotope records [3, 4, 5] this demonstrates the existence of a basin scale North-South Nd isotope gradient consistent with the contention, previously drawn from meridional 231Pa/230Th offsets [1], of a more prominent northward advection of southern component water. The combined 231Pa/230Th - Nd isotope systematics of existing marine sedimentary records has important implication for the significance and interpretation of these proxies as tracers of the dynamics of the Atlantic MOC which will be discussed in view of existing models. [1] Negre et al., Nature, 2010, 468, 84-88. [2] Galer et al., Mineral. Mag., 2011, 75, 883. [3] Rutberg et al., Nature, 2000, 405, 935-938. [4] Piotrowski et al., 2005, Science, 307: 1933-1938. [5] Roberts et al., 2010, Science, 327: 75-77.

  10. Deformation Rates From Climate Cycles in Marine Synorogenic Turbidites, Jaca Basin, Spanish Pyrenees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastasio, D. J.; Kodama, K. P.; Pares, J. M.; Hinnov, L. A.

    2007-12-01

    Synsedimentary structures provide a link between depositional and deformational processes in orogenic belts. Marine growth strata offer great promise in determining precise long-term deformation rates such as uplift, shortening, fault-slip, and folding rates. Magnetostratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy of the Eocene Arguis Fm., a delta slope deposit and the overlying delta plain Belsue-Atares Fm. monitors the varying pace of deformation at Pico del Aguila, a transverse decollement fold in the south Pyrenean foothills. Anhysteretic remanent magnetization (ARM) data show hierarchical cyclicity at all predicted Milankovitch frequencies. ARM is a proxy for fine-grained detrital magnetite concentration. The age distorting effects of pre-lithification compaction on bed thickness and on the rock and paleomagnetic data series were removed using empirical calibration of anisotropy of anhysteretic remanence magnetization to volume loss from laboratory compaction experiments. The decompacted ARM depth domain was converted to time using an improved magnetostratigraphy within the growth section. Tuning filtered ARM data series to the precession index according to the LA2004 orbital model refined the magnetostratigraphic time scale. The precession-tuned growth strata mapped with precision GPS record variable folding rates at 100skyr timescales for 7 Myr and55° of limb tilt. Folding rates accelerate twice to ~30°/Myr and are punctuated by more gradual decelerations to 0-3°/Myr. Submarine folding rates at Pico del Aguila are attributed to episodic thrusting in the fold core along a roof ramp fault and along the basal decollement. Formation-scale deposition in the Paleogene wedge-top basin responded to tectonic forcing, however, clastic facies patterns in the prodeltaic and slope environments reflect regional uplift controlling sediment supply, sea level variations controlling delta front position and climate forcing (e.g. monsoon strength and frequency, pedogenesis) of runoff

  11. Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pham, C.K.; Ramirez-Llodra, E.; Alt, C.H.S.; Amaro, T.; Bergmann, M.; Canals, M.; Company, J.B.; Davies, J.; Duineveld, G.; Galgani, F.; Howell, K.L.; Huvenne, V.A.I.; Isidro, E.; Jones, D.O.B.; Lastras, G.; Morato, T.; Gomes-Pereira, J.N.; Purser, A.; Stewart, H.; Tojeira, I.; Tubau, X.; Van Rooij, D.; Tyler, P.A.

    2014-01-01

    Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling

  12. The Use of Decision Support Systems to Innovate the Process of Contracting for Goods and Services at the Marine Corps Eastern Recruiting Region Regional Contracting Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Changing process sequence, or enabling parallelism Tracking Closely monitoring process status and objects Analytical ...Control Boarding Process,” Master’s Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2000. 4. Grandrath, William E., “ Businesss Process Reform at Marine

  13. The whale pump: marine mammals enhance primary productivity in a coastal basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Joe; McCarthy, James J

    2010-10-11

    It is well known that microbes, zooplankton, and fish are important sources of recycled nitrogen in coastal waters, yet marine mammals have largely been ignored or dismissed in this cycle. Using field measurements and population data, we find that marine mammals can enhance primary productivity in their feeding areas by concentrating nitrogen near the surface through the release of flocculent fecal plumes. Whales and seals may be responsible for replenishing 2.3×10(4) metric tons of N per year in the Gulf of Maine's euphotic zone, more than the input of all rivers combined. This upward "whale pump" played a much larger role before commercial harvest, when marine mammal recycling of nitrogen was likely more than three times atmospheric N input. Even with reduced populations, marine mammals provide an important ecosystem service by sustaining productivity in regions where they occur in high densities.

  14. The whale pump: marine mammals enhance primary productivity in a coastal basin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joe Roman

    Full Text Available It is well known that microbes, zooplankton, and fish are important sources of recycled nitrogen in coastal waters, yet marine mammals have largely been ignored or dismissed in this cycle. Using field measurements and population data, we find that marine mammals can enhance primary productivity in their feeding areas by concentrating nitrogen near the surface through the release of flocculent fecal plumes. Whales and seals may be responsible for replenishing 2.3×10(4 metric tons of N per year in the Gulf of Maine's euphotic zone, more than the input of all rivers combined. This upward "whale pump" played a much larger role before commercial harvest, when marine mammal recycling of nitrogen was likely more than three times atmospheric N input. Even with reduced populations, marine mammals provide an important ecosystem service by sustaining productivity in regions where they occur in high densities.

  15. Multiple Suppression and Imaging of Marine Seismic Data from The Shallow Water Area in Southern East China Sea Shelf Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, J.; Luan, X.; Yang, C.

    2015-12-01

    Neither surface-related multiple elimination(SRME) nor predictive de-convolution method is effective to suppress the multiple of marine seismic data from the shallow water area. The former method needs the accurate reflection of seafloor, which is mixed with the direct wave in the near offset range. The other one could probably lose the primary wave when applied to the shallow water seismic data. We introduced the new method: deterministic water-layer de-multiple method (DWD) which is capable for the poor extrapolate result of near-offset traces. Firstly, the data shifts as downward continuation in tau-p domain with a water-layer period and the multiple model will be obtained. Then, the original seismic subtracts adaptively with the multiple model. Finally, we would get the de-multiple data after inverse tau-p transform. Marine seismic real data is from southern part of East China Sea Shelf Basin. This area has become the potential target for marine hydrocarbon exploration, it is located in the junction of the Eurasian plate pacific plate and Indian plate. Because the average water depth is less than 100 meters, seismic data contains abundant of multiple, especially the surface-related multiple. As a result it is difficult to distinguish the strata structure clearly. We used DWD approach to remove the water-layer multiple, cut off the seafloor reflection events and then suppressed the residual surface-related multiple by the traditional SRME. At last , the radon transform was applied to eliminate the multiple with long period . With these steps, we suppressed the multiple of marine seismic data from this area effectively. After multiple is removed , we acquired more accurate velocity to build the velocity model of migration. With the pre-stack migration technique, reflections from each geological period are shown clearly in the seismic section. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China(grant no. 41476053).

  16. Luminescence Dating of Marine Terrace Sediments Between Trabzon and Rize, Eastern Black Sea Basin: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Softa, Mustafa; Spencer, Joel Q. G.; Emre, Tahir; Sözbilir, Hasan; Turan, Mehmet

    2016-04-01

    Quaternary marine terraces in the coastal region of Pontides in Northeastern Turkey are valuable archives of past sea level change. Until recently, dates of raised marine terraces undeciphered in the coastal region between Trabzon and Rize because of chronologic limitations. In this paper was to determine ages of the terrace deposits by applying optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating methods using single aliquot regenerative dose (SAR) techniques on quartz minerals from extracted marine terraces. Several samples were collected from three orders of Quaternary marine terraces which are reproducible at all sampling location in between cities of Trabzon and Rize, Turkey, coastal of Eastern Pontides, at the front of the thrust system. The terrace deposits mainly consist of clays, silts, sands and gravels. The sediments in these deposits are mainly derived from basaltic, andesitic, and limestone geology, and have elipsoid, square and flat shapes. The terrace deposits have heights ranging from 1 to 17 meters and increases in height and thickness from west to east. Initial OSL results from 1 mm and 3 mm quartz aliquots demonstrate good luminescence characteristics. Preliminary equivalent dose analysis results ranging from 17.6 Gy to 79.6 Gy have been calculated using the Central Age Model (CAM) and Minimum Age Model (MAM). According to ages obtained from three separate terrace is ~8 ka, ~42 ka and ~78 ka, respectively. Results of marine terrace sediments indicate this region has three sedimentation periods and coastal region of Pontides has been remarkably tectonically active since latest Pleistocene to earlier Holocene. This study will present preliminary OSL dating results obtained from samples of Quaternary marine terrace formation. Keywords: optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating, single grain, marine terraces, Eastern Pontides.

  17. Diagenesis and reservoir quality evolution of palaeocene deep-water, marine sandstones, the Shetland-Faroes Basin, British continental shelf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mansurbeg, H. [Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villavaegen 16, SE 752 36 Uppsala (Sweden); Morad, S. [Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Villavaegen 16, SE 752 36 Uppsala (Sweden); Department of Petroleum Geosciences, The Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box 2533, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Salem, A. [Faculty of Education at Kafr El-Sheikh, Tanta University, Kafr El-Sheikh (Egypt); Marfil, R.; Caja, M.A. [Departmento Petrologia y Geoquimica, Facultad de Geologia, UCM, 28040 Madrid (Spain); El-ghali, M.A.K. (Geology Department, Al-Fateh University, P.O. Box 13696, Libya); Nystuen, J.P. [Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1047 Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo (Norway); Amorosi, A. [Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bologna, Via Zamboni 67, 40127 Bologna (Italy); Garcia, D. [Centre SPIN, Department GENERIC, Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Saint Etienne 158, Cours Fauriel 42023, Saint-Etienne (France); La Iglesia, A. [Instituto de Geologia Economica (CSIC-UCM), Facultad de Geologia, UCM, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2008-06-15

    The Palaeocene, deep-water marine sandstones recovered from six wells in the Shetland-Faroes Basin represent lowstand, transgressive and highstand systems tract turbiditic sediments. Mineralogic, petrographic, and geochemical analyses of these siliciclastics are used to decipher and discuss the diagenetic alterations and subsequent reservoir quality evolution. The Middle-Upper Palaeocene sandstones (subarkoses to arkoses) from the Shetland-Faroes Basin, British continental shelf are submarine turbiditic deposits that are cemented predominantly by carbonates, quartz and clay minerals. Carbonate cements (intergranular and grain replacive calcite, siderite, ferroan dolomite and ankerite) are of eogenetic and mesogenetic origins. The eogenetic alterations have been mediated by marine, meteoric and mixed marine/meteoric porewaters and resulted mainly in the precipitation of calcite ({delta}{sup 18}O{sub V-PDB}=-10.9 permille and -3.8 permille), trace amounts of non-ferroan dolomite, siderite ({delta}{sup 18}O{sub V-PDB}=-14.4 permille to -0.6 permille), as well as smectite and kaolinite in the lowstand systems tract (LST) and highstand systems tract (HST) turbiditic sandstone below the sequence boundary. Minor eogenetic siderite has precipitated between expanded and kaolinitized micas, primarily biotite. The mesogenetic alterations are interpreted to have been mediated by evolved marine porewaters and resulted in the precipitation of calcite ({delta}{sup 18}O{sub V-PDB}=-12.9 permille to -7.8 permille) and Fe-dolomite/ankerite ({delta}{sup 18}O{sub V-PDB}=-12.1 permille to -6.3 permille) at temperatures of 50-140 and 60-140 C, respectively. Quartz overgrowths and outgrowth, which post- and pre-date the mesogenetic carbonate cements is more common in the LST and TST of distal turbiditic sandstone. Discrete quartz cement, which is closely associated with illite and chlorite, is the final diagenetic phase. The clay minerals include intergranular and grain replacive

  18. Using geochemical tracing system to identify new types of gas sources in marine strata of the Hotan River Gas Field in the Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    There are natural gas sources of various modes of occurrence in superimposed basins. Besides the conventional kerogen and ancient oil reservoir, dispersed soluble organic matter (DSOM) is an important direct gas source. Because of its wide distribution, great potential to generate gas and proneness to crack under catalysis, DSOM is an important type of gas source in the highly evolved zones in marine strata. Through the geological and geochemical analysis that reflects the long-period evolvement and multiple gas accumulation processes in marine strata, and using the ternary geochemical tracing system, here we study the origin and accumulation of the natural gas in the Hotan River Gas Field in the Tarim Basin. The natural gas is produced from highly evolved and cracked DSOM in the Hotan River Gas Field, and it is accumulated after migrating for a long distance along faults. This conclusion is of great significance to the further expansion of the oil and gas exploration fields in the Tarim Basin.

  19. Stratigraphy and structural development of the southwest Isla Tiburón marine basin: Implications for latest Miocene tectonic opening and flooding of the northern Gulf of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Scott E K.; Oskin, Michael; Dorsey, Rebecca; Iriondo, Alexander; Kunk, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    Accurate information on the timing of earliest marine incursion into the Gulf of California (northwestern México) is critical for paleogeographic models and for understanding the spatial and temporal evolution of strain accommodation across the obliquely divergent Pacific-North America plate boundary. Marine strata exposed on southwest Isla Tiburón (SWIT) have been cited as evidence for a middle Miocene marine incursion into the Gulf of California at least 7 m.y. prior to plate boundary localization ca. 6 Ma. A middle Miocene interpretation for SWIT marine deposits has played a large role in subsequent interpretations of regional tectonics and rift evolution, the ages of marine basins containing similar fossil assemblages along ~1300 km of the plate boundary, and the timing of marine incursion into the Gulf of California. We report new detailed geologic mapping and geochronologic data from the SWIT basin, an elongate sedimentary basin associated with deformation along the dextral-oblique La Cruz fault. We integrate these results with previously published biostratigraphic and geochronologic data to bracket the age of marine deposits in the SWIT basin and show that they have a total maximum thickness of ~300 m. The 6.44 ± 0.05 Ma (Ar/Ar) tuff of Hast Pitzcal is an ash-flow tuff stratigraphically below the oldest marine strata, and the 6.01 ± 0.20 Ma (U/Pb) tuff of Oyster Amphitheater, also an ash-flow tuff, is interbedded with marine conglomerate near the base of the marine section. A dike-fed rhyodacite lava flow that caps all marine strata yields ages of 3.51 ± 0.05 Ma (Ar/Ar) and 4.13 ± 0.09 Ma (U/Pb) from the base of the flow, consistent with previously reported ages of 4.16 ± 1.81 Ma (K-Ar) from the flow top and (K-Ar) 3.7 ± 0.9 Ma from the feeder dike. Our new results confirm a latest Miocene to early Pliocene age for the SWIT marine basin, consistent with previously documented latest Miocene to early Pliocene (ca. 6.2-4.3 Ma) planktonic and benthic

  20. Carbon isotopic compositions of 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin: Evidence for the source formed in a strongly reducing environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA WangLu; PENG PingAn; XIAO ZhongYao

    2008-01-01

    Although 1-alkyl-2,3,6-trimethylbenzenes and a high relative amount of 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene have been detected in marine oils and oil asphaltenes from Tabei uplift in the Tarim Basin, their biological sources are not determined. This paper deals with the molecular characteristics of typical marine oil asphaltenes from Tabei and Tazhong uplift in the Tarim Basin and the stable carbon isotopic signatures of individual compounds in the pyrolysates of these asphaltenes using flash pyrolysis-gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (PY-GC-MS) and gas chromatograph-stable isotope ratio mass spectrometer (GC-C-IRMS), respectively. Relatively abundant 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene is detected in the pyrolysates of these marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin. δ13C values of 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in the pyrolysates of oil asphaltenes vary from -19.6‰ to -24.0‰, while those of n-alkanes in the pyrolysates show a range from -33.2‰ to -35.1‰. The 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in the pyrolysates of oil asphaltenes proves to be significantly enriched in 13C relative to n-alkanes in the pyrolysates and oil asphaltenes by 10.8‰-15.2%. and 8.4‰-13.4‰, respectively. This result indicates a contribution from photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria Chlorobiaceae to relatively abundant 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin. Hence, it can be speculated that the source of most marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin was formed in a strongly reducing water body enriched in H2S under euxinic conditions.

  1. New insights into the structure and stratigraphy of the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea sedimentary Basin from vintage 2D marine seismic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sopher, Daniel; Juhlin, Christopher; Erlström, Mikael

    2014-05-01

    A large dataset originally acquired by the Swedish Oil Prospecting CO. (OPAB) between 1970 and 1990 including 2D marine seismic data, well log data, core data and seismic interpretations has recently been made available by the Swedish Geological Survey (SGU). In this study this dataset has been used to produce a set of regional geoseismic sections across the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea. Regional depth structure maps detailing the deep structure of the basin produced from previous interpretations are also presented. The Baltic Sea Basin is an intra-cratonic basin located in northern Europe. The Swedish sector of the basin is characterised primarily by two structural elements, the Hanö Bay Basin and the Baltic Syneclise. The largest of these, the Baltic Syneclise, is a large synclinal depression formed during the Caledonian Orogeny. The Hanö Bay Basin was formed during the Mesozoic due to subsidence along the Christiansø Fault Zone. The Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea Basin is primarily characterised by a sequence of shallow marine Cambrian sediments overlain by a relatively thin succession of Ordovician marine limestone and marls; these are in turn overlain by a thick layer of marl, siltstone and claystone deposited during the Silurian. Mesozoic sediments are found in the Hanö Bay and outer Hanö Bay area. These were deposited in areas of local subsidence, associated with transtensional tectonics prevalent within and adjacent to the Tornquist Zone, during the Late Carboniferous/Early Permian. Block faulting occurring throughout the Mesozoic also affected sedimentation patterns in the area. In this study a sparse grid of marine seismic reflection profiles have been reprocessed across the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea Basin. These have been interpreted based on the available well data and synthetic seismograms. Several regional seismic profiles were constructed which detail the major structural elements and basin stratigraphy across the Swedish sector. A

  2. Record of continental to marine transition from the Mesoproterozoic Ampani basin, Central India: An exercise of process-based sedimentology in a structurally deformed basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Partha Pratim; Saha, Subhojit; Das, Kaushik

    2017-08-01

    The Mesoproterozoic Ampani Group of rocks, a structurally deformed sedimentary package hosted within the Bastar Craton in central India, was studied for process-based facies and paleoenvironmental analyses. Outcrop mapping on 1:1500 scale, deconvolution of deformation pattern, and process-based facies analyses have led to the identification of fifteen facies types, clubbed under four facies associations. A range of paleoenvironmental settings varying from continental fluvial to distal marine shelf is inferred. Deductive paleohydrology revealed poorly-efficient 'dirty river' character for the Ampani River system with low water discharge. However, at times of catastrophic sheet floods release of sediments trapped at the river mouth in form of hyperpycnal underflows triggered formation of river mouth delta. Reworking of delta front sediment in wave-dominated coastline resulted development of beach-foreshore and shoreface (proximal to distal). Variation in the relative proportion of bar and interbar products within the shoreface successions exposed at different studied sections is interpreted as signature of relative bathymetric variation. The pro-deltaic Ampani shelf was storm infested. Tectonic perturbance in the basin hinterland in course of Ampani sedimentation is inferred from occurrence of a disparately thick lobate high-density flow deposit towards the top of shoreface succession and increase in feldspar content upward within the shoreface succession. Addition of detritus from a ∼1600 Ma Mesoproterozoic provenance in upper part of shoreface also strengthen the contention. Deconvolution of deformation pattern and delineation of environmental products ranging between continental and deep marine allowed us to infer the Ampani sediment package as fining-upward in character evolved in a transgressive mode.

  3. Relationship between volcanism and marine sedimentation in northern Austral (Aisén) Basin, central Patagonia: Stratigraphic, U-Pb SHRIMP and paleontologic evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suárez, M.; De La Cruz, R.; Aguirre-Urreta, B.; Fanning, M.

    2009-04-01

    The northernmost part of the oil-producing Austral Basin, known as Aisén Basin or Río Mayo Embayment (in central Patagonian Cordillera; 43-46°S), is a special area within the basin where the interplay between volcanism and the initial stages of its development can be established. Stratigraphic, paleontologic and five new U-Pb SHRIMP age determinations presented here indicate that the Aisén Basin was synchronous with the later phases of volcanism of the Ibáñez Formation for at least 11 m.yr. during the Tithonian to early Hauterivian. In this basin marine sedimentary rocks of the basal units of the Coihaique Group accumulated overlying and interfingering with the Ibáñez Formation, which represents the youngest episode of volcanism of a mainly Jurassic acid large igneous province (Chon Aike Province). Five new U-Pb SHRIMP magmatic ages ranging between 140.3 ± 1.0 and 136.1 ± 1.6 Ma (early Valanginian to early Hauterivian) were obtained from the Ibáñez Formation whilst ammonites from the overlying and interfingering Toqui Formation, the basal unit of the Coihaique Group, indicate Tithonian, early Berriasian and late Berriasian ages. The latter was a synvolcanic shallow marine facies accumulated in an intra-arc setting, subsequently developed into a retro-arc basin.

  4. Gravity and magnetic modelling of North Sea basins[Marine and Onshore North Sea Acquisition for Lithospheric Seismic Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyngsie, S.B.; Thybo, H. [Copenhagen Univ., Geological Inst. (Denmark)

    2003-07-01

    One of the primary sources of information for interpretation of subsurface geology and large scale tectonic features is potential field data. Gravity and magnetic data may reveal large and small scale features such as basement type, intrusions into the crust, volcanic roks, basement furface, faults and salt structures. As such, this type of data provides an invaluable source of information, which is cimplimentary to seismic data. We are currently conducting a project on interpretation of basins in the North Sea Based on potential field data, constrained by the wealth of existing seismic data. High resolution modelling of gravimetric and magnetic anomalies constrained by seismic P-wave velocity models and normal incidence reflection seismic data may reveal intrinsic details of upper- and lower Palaeozoic basin formation and changes in crustal domains in the Danish North Sea area. The MONA LISA (Marine and Onshore North Sea Acquisition for Lithospheric Seismic Analysis) data set from the south-eastern North Sea (MONA LISA Working Group, 1997) consists of four deep seismic normal incidence reflection profiles recorded to 26 s (twt) and coincident wide-angle reflection/refraction data recorded on 26 onshore mobile seismometers and 29 ocean bottom hydrophones (OBH's) placed along profiles 1,2 and 3. The east-west trending MONA LISA profile 3 traverses the basement high of the Mid North Sea - Ringkoebing Fyn High (MSRFH) and crosses the N-S striking Central Graben (CG) and Horn Graven (HG). (au)

  5. Water-sediment niche differentiation in ancient marine lineages of Exiguobacterium endemic to the Cuatro Cienegas Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebollar, Eria A; Avitia, Morena; Eguiarte, Luis E; González-González, Andrea; Mora, Lucy; Bonilla-Rosso, Germán; Souza, Valeria

    2012-09-01

    The evolutionary history and ecological differentiation of the genus Exiguobacterium was characterized within natural communities from the Cuatro Cienegas Basin, Mexico. Exiguobacterium comprises both halophilic and alkaliphilic bacteria that are abundant among the aquatic systems of the Cuatro Cienegas Basin. We obtained complete sequences of the 16srRNA gene and partial sequences of four housekeeping genes (citC, rpoB, recA and hsp70) in 183 Exiguobacterium isolates retrieved from distinct aquatic systems. We defined three main phylogroups that are closely related to marine and thermophilic species of the genus. These phylogroups were neither specific to a given aquatic system nor to a particular salinity. Phylogenetic reconstruction indicated the presence of several small clusters within the phylogroups. These clusters consisted of isolates predominantly retrieved from sediment or water. Unifrac and AdaptML analyses confirmed this observation, pointing towards a clear pattern of differentiation linked to either sediment or water habitats. Our results are in line with the concept that niche differentiation is one of the main factors shaping prokaryotic populations and leading to evolutionary divergence. © 2012 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  6. Reconstructing the lost eastern Tethys Ocean Basin: Convergence history of the SE Asian margin and marine gateways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heine, Christian; Müller, R. Dietmar; Gaina, Carmen

    Plate tectonic reconstructions for the late Mesozoic-Cenozoic evolution of the eastern Tethyan Ocean Basin, separating eastern Gondwanaland from Proto-Southeast Asia, are usually based on geological data gathered from the different tectonic blocks accreted to Southeast Asia. However, this approach only provides few constraints on the reconstruction of the eastern Tethys Ocean and the drift path of various terranes. We have used marine magnetic anomalies in the Argo and Gascoyne Abyssal Plains off the Australian Northwest Shelf, jointly with published geological data, to reconstruct the seafloor spreading history and plate tectonic evolution of the eastern Tethys and Proto-Indian Ocean basins for the time between 160 Ma and the present. Based on the assumption of symmetrical seafloor spreading and a hotspot-track-based plate reference frame, we have created a relative and absolute plate motion model and a series of oceanic paleo-age grids that show the evolution of Tethyan mid-ocean ridges and the convergence history along the southeast Asian margin through time. A thermal boundary layer model for oceanic lithosphere is used to compute approximate paleo-depths to oceanic basement to predict the opening and closing of oceanic gateways. The proposed model not only provides improved boundary conditions for paleoclimate reconstructions and modelling of oceanic currents through time, but also for understanding stress changes in the overriding plate and the formation of new accretionary crust along the Southeast Asian margin, driven by changing subduction parameters like hinge rollback and slab dip.

  7. Pride, Progress, and Prospects. A History of the Marine Corps Efforts to Increase the Presence of African-American Officers (1970-1995)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    assassination of Reverend Dr Martin Luther King , in Memphis, TN in March 1968; . The riots in response to the assassination of Reverend Doctor Kmg ; . The...Brigadier General George Walls, Jr . As a Colonel and Commanding Officer of Officer Candidates School, it was Brigadier General Clifford L. Stanley...development. The true reason was racism . The remainder of this review of previous scholarship will focus on the early opposition of the Marine

  8. Petroleum exploration of shallow marine deposit Carboniferous volcanic tuff reservoir in the western margin of Junggar Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jianyong; Wang Xuezhong; Ma Liqun

    2013-01-01

    In 2011,petroleum exploration of shallow marine deposits Carboniferous and volcanic tuff reservoir re-alized breakthroughs at Chepaizi slope in the western margin of Junggar Basin. Pai 61 well ,with 855.7 ~949.6 m section,in the conventional test oil obtained 6 t/d industrial oil flow. The surface viscosity is 390 mPa· s (50℃). The marine deposit of Carboniferous are deep oil source rocks and high-quality reservoir. Magma volcanic activity provides the basis for volcanic reservoir development and distribution. The weathering crust and secondary cracks developed volcanic tuff by strong rock weathering and dissolution of organic acids which has become top quality reservoir. Deep Permian oil-gas migrated and accumulated to high parts along Hong-Che fault belt and stratigraphic unconformity stripping. Permian and Triassic volcanic rocks or dense mudstone sedimentary cover as a regional seal for the late Carboniferous oil-gas to save critically. The seismic pre-stack time migration processing technologies for the problem of poor inner structures of Carboniferous were developed. Response of volcanic rock seismic and logging are obvious. The application imaging logging and nuclear magnetic technology achieved the qualitative identification and quantification of fracture description.

  9. Holocene dinoflagellate cyst record of climate and marine primary productivity change in the Santa Barbara Basin, southern California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pospelova, Vera; Mertens, Kenneth N.; Hendy, Ingrid, L.; Pedersen, Thomas F.

    2015-04-01

    High-resolution sedimentary records of dinoflagellate cysts and other marine palynomorphs from the Santa Barbara Basin (Ocean Drilling Program Hole 893A) demonstrate large variability of primary productivity during the Holocene, as the California Current System responded to climate change. Throughout the sequence, dinoflagellate cyst assemblages are characterized by the dominance of cysts produced by heterotrophic dinoflagellates, and particularly by Brigantedinium, accompanied by other upwelling-related taxa such as Echinidinium and cysts of Protoperidinium americanum. During the early Holocene (~12-7 ka), the species richness is relatively low (16 taxa) and genius Brigantedinium reaches the highest relative abundance, thus indicating nutrient-rich and highly productive waters. The middle Holocene (~7-3.5 ka) is characterized by relatively constant cyst concentrations, and dinoflagellate cyst assemblages are indicative of a slight decrease in sea-surface temperature. A noticeable increase and greater range of fluctuations in the cyst concentrations during the late Holocene (~3.5-1 ka) indicate enhanced marine primary productivity and increased climatic variability, most likely related to the intensification of El Niño-like conditions. Keywords: dinoflagellate cysts, Holocene, North Pacific, climate, primary productivity.

  10. Marine magnetic studies over a lost wellhead in Palk Bay, Cauvery Basin, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ramana, M.V.; Subrahmanyam, V.; Sarma, K.V.L.N.S.; Seshavataram, B.T.V.

    Close grid marine magnetic surveys in the vicinity of a drill well site PH 9-1 in Palk Bay revealed that the area is characterized by smooth magnetic field except for a local anomaly caused by a lost wellhead. The smooth magnetic field is attributed...

  11. The role of land-marine teleconnections in the tropical proximal Permian-Triassic Marine Zone, Levant Basin, Israel: Insights from stable isotope pairing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korngreen, D.; Zilberman, T.

    2017-07-01

    Three Late Permian - early Middle Triassic successions (Avdat 1, Pleshet 1 and David 1 boreholes, Levant Basin, Israel), located in relatively proximal and distal order from land within a broad tropical mixed carbonate/siliciclastic open marine zone, were studied using carbonate and organic matter contents (organic and inorganic carbon) in order to demonstrate the degree of effect of the land-marine teleconnection on the isotopic signatures at the depositional environment. The δ13Ccarb profiles exhibit sequential negative/positive fluctuations, which are correlatable with the reported worldwide sequential negative-shift events, enabled further stratigraphic division of the successions to stages and sub-stages. The successions changed their relative siliciclastic content relative to the degree of influence of each terrestrial influx source (eastern or southern), an outcome of humid up to extreme aridization hinterland exchanges, actually recording the expansion or contraction of the paleo-ITCZ. The δ18O profiles exhibited a range of values (- 5‰ to - 7.5‰ on average) typical to the western NeoTethys and similar to the reported worldwide climate trends with three major warming periods: (I) Late Permian to the PTB; (II) Late Dienerian - most of the Smithian; (III) early-mid Anisian, and two relatively cool periods: Griesbachian-Dienerian and Late Smithian - Spathian, but each of the three periods exhibiting short respites with the opposite trend. The δ13Ccarb, δ18Ocarb and the δ13Corg profiles of the proximal position consistently differ in magnitude from the distal ones, assuming a high contribution and involvement of meteoric water rich in terrestrial OM derived from the nearby supercontinent and affecting also the original water δ18Oseawater value (calculated to about - 3‰),which seemingly should be applied on the entire western Tethys seaway. During times of associations with maximum ITCZ contraction, the δ13Corg values of - 31‰ to - 33‰ in the

  12. Comprehensive geochemical identification of highly evolved marine carbonate rocks as hydrocarbon-source rocks as exemplified by the Ordos Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This study reversed the developing environments of hydrocarbon-source rocks in the Ordos Basin and evaluated carbonate rocks as hydrocarbon-source rocks and their distributions on account of the fact that China's marine carbonate rocks as hydrocarbon-source rocks are characterized by intensive thermal evolution and relatively low abundance of organic matter, by taking the Lower Paleozoic of the Ordos Basin for example and in light of the calculated enrichment coefficients of trace elements, the REE distribution patterns, the mathematical statistics analysis of elements and carbon isotopes and their three-dimensional diagrammatization in combination with the necessary organic parameters. As for the Ordos Basin, TOC=0.2% is an important boundary value. Studies have shown that in the strata where TOC is greater than 0.2%, Ba is highly enriched with positive δ13Ccarb shifts and δ13Corg less than -28‰, reflecting a thigh paleo-productivity, high burial amounts of organic matter, relatively good hydrocarbon-generating potentiality and intensive REE fractionation. All these indicated that the settlement rates are low and the geological conditions are good for the preservation of organic matter, hence favoring the development of hydrocarbon-source rocks. The Klimory and Wulalik formations show certain regularities in those aspects and, therefore, they can be regarded as the potential effective hydrocarbon-source rocks. In the strata where total TOC is less than 0.2%, the contents of Ba are low, δ13Ccarb values are mostly negative, and δ13Corg values range from -24‰--28‰, demonstrating low burial amounts of organic matter, poor potentialities of hydrocarbon generation, weak REE fractionation and rapid settlement rates. These facts showed that most of the hydrocarbon-source rocks were formed in shallow-water, high-energy oxidizing environments, thus unfavoring the development of hydrocarbon-source rocks. It is feasible to make use of the geochemical method to

  13. Linking basin-scale and pore-scale gas hydrate distribution patterns in diffusion-dominated marine hydrate systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nole, Michael; Daigle, Hugh; Cook, Ann E.; Hillman, Jess I. T.; Malinverno, Alberto

    2017-02-01

    The goal of this study is to computationally determine the potential distribution patterns of diffusion-driven methane hydrate accumulations in coarse-grained marine sediments. Diffusion of dissolved methane in marine gas hydrate systems has been proposed as a potential transport mechanism through which large concentrations of hydrate can preferentially accumulate in coarse-grained sediments over geologic time. Using one-dimensional compositional reservoir simulations, we examine hydrate distribution patterns at the scale of individual sand layers (1-20 m thick) that are deposited between microbially active fine-grained material buried through the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ). We then extrapolate to two-dimensional and basin-scale three-dimensional simulations, where we model dipping sands and multilayered systems. We find that properties of a sand layer including pore size distribution, layer thickness, dip, and proximity to other layers in multilayered systems all exert control on diffusive methane fluxes toward and within a sand, which in turn impact the distribution of hydrate throughout a sand unit. In all of these simulations, we incorporate data on physical properties and sand layer geometries from the Terrebonne Basin gas hydrate system in the Gulf of Mexico. We demonstrate that diffusion can generate high hydrate saturations (upward of 90%) at the edges of thin sands at shallow depths within the GHSZ, but that it is ineffective at producing high hydrate saturations throughout thick (greater than 10 m) sands buried deep within the GHSZ. Furthermore, we find that hydrate in fine-grained material can preserve high hydrate saturations in nearby thin sands with burial.Plain Language SummaryThis study combines one-, two-, and three-dimensional simulations to explore one potential process by which methane dissolved in water beneath the seafloor can be converted into solid methane hydrate. This work specifically examines one end-member methane transport

  14. Marine Fisheries Case Studies. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Case Study No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakroff, Marilyn; DuBois, Random

    This guide was developed to aid Peace Corps volunteers interested in programming marine fisheries projects. Although these projects are not new to the Peace Corps, new staff members may not be aware of the history of marine fisheries efforts in their country. Chapter 1 discusses all past marine fisheries projects initiated by the Peace Corps in…

  15. Marine litter distribution and density in European seas, from the shelves to deep basins.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher K Pham

    Full Text Available Anthropogenic litter is present in all marine habitats, from beaches to the most remote points in the oceans. On the seafloor, marine litter, particularly plastic, can accumulate in high densities with deleterious consequences for its inhabitants. Yet, because of the high cost involved with sampling the seafloor, no large-scale assessment of distribution patterns was available to date. Here, we present data on litter distribution and density collected during 588 video and trawl surveys across 32 sites in European waters. We found litter to be present in the deepest areas and at locations as remote from land as the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone across the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The highest litter density occurs in submarine canyons, whilst the lowest density can be found on continental shelves and on ocean ridges. Plastic was the most prevalent litter item found on the seafloor. Litter from fishing activities (derelict fishing lines and nets was particularly common on seamounts, banks, mounds and ocean ridges. Our results highlight the extent of the problem and the need for action to prevent increasing accumulation of litter in marine environments.

  16. GeoCorps America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, M.

    2011-12-01

    GeoCorps America, a program of the Geological Society of America's (GSA) Education and Outreach Department, provides short-term geoscience jobs in America's most amazing public lands. These jobs are hosted on federal lands managed by GeoCorps' three partner agencies: the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Agency staff submit to GSA position descriptions that help meet their geoscience needs. GSA advertises the positions online, recruits applicants from its 24,000+ members, and coordinates the placement of the candidates selected by agency staff. The typical GeoCorps position lasts for three months, pays a stipend of $2,750, and provides either free housing or a housing allowance. Some GeoCorps positions are classified as "Guest Scientist" positions, which generally last longer, involve larger payments, and require a higher level of expertise. Most GeoCorps positions occur during the spring/summer, but an increasing number of positions are being offered during the fall/winter. GeoCorps positions are open to geoscientists of all levels, from undergraduates through retired professionals. GeoCorps projects involve field and laboratory-based geoscience research, but some projects focus on developing educational programs and materials for staff, volunteers, and the public. The subject areas covered by GeoCorps projects include geology, hydrology, paleontology, mapping/GIS, soils, geo-hazards, cave/karst science, and more. GeoCorps positions have taken place at over 125 different locations nationwide, including Grand Canyon National Park, Sierra National Forest, and Craters of the Moon National Monument. In 2011, GeoCorps began offering GeoCorps Diversity Internships and GeoCorps American Indian Internships. The introduction of these programs doubled the level of diversity among GeoCorps participants. This increase in diversity is helping GSA and its partner agencies in meeting its mutual goal of

  17. Stratigraphy and Glacial-Marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin, Central Arctic Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-01

    particles and conducting an electronic si/C analisis of the material that passed through the sieve A, using a I A 11 Coulter counter. I he (oulter...Ocean mechanists. Normal pelagic and glacially dericd fine matelital are glacial-marine sediment should he viewed as a complex process distributed...meatn prain si/(i \\;ei iiade heisseri iis ri r it( f xindil atrca fac sedimencrt I\\. PCs at h Ii 05 0-1irf~ifr I. live) 11it11%~ iisr I tii basic

  18. 78 FR 17643 - Greater Mississippi River Basin Water Management Board; Engineer Regulation No. 15-2-13

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ... Department of the Army, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Greater Mississippi River Basin Water Management Board... Corps Greater Mississippi River Basin Water Management Board. It is applicable to all Corps offices involved with water management within the Greater Mississippi River Basin. The Board consists of the...

  19. Marine Carbon-Sulfur Biogeochemical Cycles during the Steptoean Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion (SPICE) in the Jiangnan Basin, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Peng; Yongbo Peng; Xianguo Lang; Haoran Ma; Kangjun Huang; Fangbing Li; Bing Shen

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Global occurrences of Steptoean Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion (SPICE) during Late Cambrian recorded a significant perturbation in marine carbon cycle, and might have had profound impacts on the biological evolution. In previous studies, SPICE has been reported from the Jiangnan slope belt in South China. To evaluate the bathymetric extent of SPICE, we investigate the limestone samples from the upper Qingxi Formation in the Shaijiang Section in the Jiangnan Basin. Our results show the positive excursions for both carbonate carbon (δ13C) and organic carbon (δ13Corg) isotopes, as well as the concurrent positive shifts in sulfur isotopes of carbonate associated sulfate (CAS, δ34SCAS) and pyrite (δ34Spyrite), unequivocally indicating the presence of SPICE in the Jiangnan Basin. A 4‰increase inδ13Ccarb of the Qingxi limestone implies the increase of the relative flux of organic carbon burial by a factor of two. Concurrent positive excursions inδ34SCAS andδ34Spyrite have been attributed to the enhanced pyrite burial in oceans with extremely low concentration and spatially heterogeneous isotopic composition of seawater sulfate. Here, we propose that the seawater sulfur isotopic heterogeneity can be generated by volatile organic sulfur compound (VOSC, such as methanethiol and dimethyl sulfide) formation in sulfidic continental margins that were widespread during SPICE. Emission of 32S-enriched VOSC in atmosphere, followed by lateral transportation and aerobic oxidation in atmosphere, and precipitation in open oceans result in a net flux of 32S from continental margins to open oceans, elevatingδ34S of seawater sulfate in continental margins. A simple box model indicates that about 35%to 75%of seawater sulfate in continental margins needs to be transported to open oceans via VOSC formation.

  20. Experimental researches of marine wave parameters in the Black Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panaitescu, Fanel-Viorel; Panaitescu, Mariana; Anton, Iulia-Alina

    2016-12-01

    In this paper are presented the process of measuring parameters of marine waves with performed devices which permit to obtain the values of the speed and current division marine wave amplitude and direction of the wave at each measurement, the number of measurements, date, hour, minute and second of measurement. This monitoring, which comprises the period of one year including, reveals an amplitude an annual average of the wave of hmed=1.53 m, obtained by taking maximum envelope appeared in a measurement range of 120 seconds. The value is unexpectedly high, taking into account of the fact that on the coastline it was found of: hmed =0.467 m at Constanta Station and hmed =0.23 m at Mangalia Station. These results reveal that there is a energy potential that exceeds expectations, much larger in the area of off shore, that is to say, in more than 12 Mm off shore, in front of the coastal zone. These measurements were applied with two devices-one device for measuring hidrostatic amplitude test and other device, ADV(Advanced Doppler velocymmeter).

  1. Benthic foraminifera records in marine sediments during the Holocene from Pescadero basin, Gulf of California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdez, M.; Perez-Cruz, L. L.; Roy, P.; Monreal, M.; Fenero, R.

    2013-05-01

    Gravity core T-56 (256 cm length) was collected in Pescadero Basin located on the western side of the Gulf of California within the oxygen minim zone (OMZ) at 597 cm depth, aboard of the R/V "El Puma". Pescadero basin is located at mouth of the gulf; because of its location is sensitive to record the changes in the gulf and in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. The sedimentary sequence is analyzed to contribute to the understanding the oceanographic variability in the southern part of the gulf of California during the Holocene using benthic foraminifera assemblages and organic carbon as proxies of organic matter flux and bottom water oxygenation. In general, the core is characterized by silty-clay sediments, and it exhibits a turbidite between 198 and 134 cm, distinguished by sandy sediments and reworking material. From 134 cm to the top shows a visible laminated structure. The initial chronology is based on three AMS radiocarbon dates, and estimated sedimentation rates are 0.22 and 0.19 mm/yr for the first 32 cm of the core. Six radiocarbon dates are in progress. Preliminary results of benthic foraminiferal assemblages showed that species of Bolivina are dominated, mainly megalospheric forms, from 134 cm to top of the core. They are small and thin-shelled forms (e.g., Bolivina subadvena, Bolivina minuta, Bolivina seminuda, Bolivina plicata), and also Buliminella, Cassidulina and Epistominella are abundant. In particular, species of Bolivina are environmental indicators and exhibit a typical reproductive dimorphism. The predominance of the genus Bolivina suggest organic flux variations, because of the productivity changes that might be related to changes in ocean circulation and in the environmental variability in the region.

  2. Marine-continental tephra correlations: Volcanic glass geochemistry from the Marsili Basin and the Aeolian Islands, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, P. G.; Tomlinson, E. L.; Smith, V. C.; Di Roberto, A.; Todman, A.; Rosi, M.; Marani, M.; Muller, W.; Menzies, M. A.

    2012-06-01

    Major, minor and trace element analysis of volcanic glass in proximal and distal (Lipari (Monte Pilato; 776 cal AD); (2) Vulcano; and (3) Campi Flegrei (Soccavo 1; 11,915-12,721 cal years BP). Whether a polymictic coarse grained volcaniclastic turbidite in the Marsili Basin originated from collapse on Salina remains unresolved because multi-elemental analysis raises doubt about the published correlation to the Pollara region. It is evident that correlation of proximal continental and distal marine tephras, at a high level of confidence, requires a full complement of major, minor and trace element data. In conjunction with considerations of the mineralogy and morphology of juvenile deposits these data help define petrological lineages such that precise provenance can be established. Whilst a precise proximal-distal match must be based on identical major, minor and trace element concentrations it is clear that resurgent activity from a single volcano can produce magmas with identical compositions. In such cases stratigraphic relationships must complement any geochemical study. Occasionally proximal stratigraphies may be unrepresentative of the complete eruptive history because of a lack of exposure due to burial by more recent effusive and explosive activity, or sector collapse which can remove vital stratigraphy particularly on volcanic islands.

  3. Le corps chinois

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Pour le xviiie siècle, le corps est encore une machine harmonique. Cette harmonie, c’est tout à la fois la marque divine à l’intérieur du corps, une loi de nature qui permet d’atteindre au bonheur, et une manière de définir l’état de santé. Le corps semble un appareillage soumis à des lois physiques : l’horloge, la fontaine et particulièrement l’instrument de musique. On trouve cette dernière image dans Bacon, en 1639, pour qui la Nature donne des tempéraments pour le corps, « comme la parfai...

  4. Digital Corp(s. Identidad y ciberespacio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Perales Blanco

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El título de este artículo, la suma del término inglés digital con el francés corps (cuerpo digital es un guiño que hace referencia a la relación existente entre nuestra búsqueda identitaria en el ciberespacio y el derivado carácter económico de la misma. Corp es el término abreviado de corporation, procedente del latín corpus, se entiende como “cuerpo de gente” y se utiliza fundamentalmente para referirse a la estructura de gran parte de los negocios en Norteamérica y el mundo entero.Este artículo analiza -desde una perspectiva de género- algunas de las proyecciones identitarias actuales en internet con especial atención a las vinculadas a los espacios lúdicos.

  5. Biogeochemical processes and buffering capacity concurrently affect acidification in a seasonally hypoxic coastal marine basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagens, M.; Slomp, C. P.; Meysman, F. J. R.; Seitaj, D.; Harlay, J.; Borges, A. V.; Middelburg, J. J.

    2015-03-01

    Coastal areas are impacted by multiple natural and anthropogenic processes and experience stronger pH fluctuations than the open ocean. These variations can weaken or intensify the ocean acidification signal induced by increasing atmospheric pCO2. The development of eutrophication-induced hypoxia intensifies coastal acidification, since the CO2 produced during respiration decreases the buffering capacity in any hypoxic bottom water. To assess the combined ecosystem impacts of acidification and hypoxia, we quantified the seasonal variation in pH and oxygen dynamics in the water column of a seasonally stratified coastal basin (Lake Grevelingen, the Netherlands). Monthly water-column chemistry measurements were complemented with estimates of primary production and respiration using O2 light-dark incubations, in addition to sediment-water fluxes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and total alkalinity (TA). The resulting data set was used to set up a proton budget on a seasonal scale. Temperature-induced seasonal stratification combined with a high community respiration was responsible for the depletion of oxygen in the bottom water in summer. The surface water showed strong seasonal variation in process rates (primary production, CO2 air-sea exchange), but relatively small seasonal pH fluctuations (0.46 units on the total hydrogen ion scale). In contrast, the bottom water showed less seasonality in biogeochemical rates (respiration, sediment-water exchange), but stronger pH fluctuations (0.60 units). This marked difference in pH dynamics could be attributed to a substantial reduction in the acid-base buffering capacity of the hypoxic bottom water in the summer period. Our results highlight the importance of acid-base buffering in the pH dynamics of coastal systems and illustrate the increasing vulnerability of hypoxic, CO2-rich waters to any acidifying process.

  6. Biogeochemical processes and buffering capacity concurrently affect acidification in a seasonally hypoxic coastal marine basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hagens

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Coastal areas are impacted by multiple natural and anthropogenic processes and experience stronger pH fluctuations than the open ocean. These variations can weaken or intensify the ocean acidification signal induced by increasing atmospheric pCO2. The development of eutrophication-induced hypoxia intensifies coastal acidification, since the CO2 produced during respiration decreases the buffering capacity of the hypoxic bottom water. To assess the combined ecosystem impacts of acidification and hypoxia, we quantified the seasonal variation in pH and oxygen dynamics in the water column of a seasonally stratified coastal basin (Lake Grevelingen, the Netherlands. Monthly water column chemistry measurements were complemented with estimates of primary production and respiration using O2 light-dark incubations, in addition to sediment-water fluxes of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC and total alkalinity (TA. The resulting dataset was used to set up a proton budget on a seasonal scale. Temperature-induced seasonal stratification combined with a high community respiration was responsible for the depletion of oxygen in the bottom water in summer. The surface water showed strong seasonal variation in process rates (primary production, CO2 air–sea exchange, but relatively small seasonal pH fluctuations (0.46 units on the total hydrogen ion scale. In contrast, the bottom water showed less seasonality in biogeochemical rates (respiration, sediment–water exchange, but stronger pH fluctuations (0.60 units. This marked difference in pH dynamics could be attributed to a substantial reduction in the acid-base buffering capacity of the hypoxic bottom water in the summer period. Our results highlight the importance of acid-base buffering in the pH dynamics of coastal systems and illustrate the increasing vulnerability of hypoxic, CO2-rich waters to any acidifying process.

  7. Kinetics of oil-cracking for different types of marine oils from Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin, NW China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anlai Ma

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The C1–C5 gas and carbon isotope ratios generated during the cracking of heavy, normal and high-waxy marine oils from Tahe Oilfield, Tarim Basin, NW China, using a closed-gold tube system under high pressure were presented. The three types of oil tested resulted in a similar gas-generation process. The C2–C5 range initially increased its yield with the application of pyrolysis temperature and thereafter decreased, while the C1 yield increased with the same application. High-waxy oil had the highest C1–C5 yield of 510 mg/goil, whereas heavy oil had the lowest C1–C5 yield of 316 mg/goil. The δ13C1 value was low at first, but gradually became higher as the pyrolysis temperature increased. However, the δ13C2 and δ13C3 values gradually became higher when the temperature was greater than 420 °C. The kinetic parameters of the C1–C5 gas generation for the different types of marine oils were then calculated using KINETIC software. This calculation resulted in a frequency factor of about 1.78 × 1014 s−1, while the distribution of the activation energy of the C1–C5 gas mass generated was relatively narrow with a range from 56 to 66 kcal/mol. Among the three types of oil tested, heavy oil had the widest activation energy distribution and the lowest major frequency of activation energy. The maximum temperature at which oil could be preserved as a separate oil phase varied from about 178 °C at a slow geological heating rate to 206 °C at a fast geological heating rate. This result is based on the kinetic parameters determined and in combination with the fractional conversion (C of oil to gas. Testing conducted at the volatile Middle Cambrian reservoir of well Zhongshen 1 in the Tazhong Uplift strongly supported this conclusion.

  8. Impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary iron and manganese dynamics in a seasonally-hypoxic marine basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulu-Gambari, Fatimah; Seitaj, Dorina; Behrends, Thilo; Banerjee, Dipanjan; Meysman, Filip J. R.; Slomp, Caroline P.

    2016-11-01

    Cable bacteria have recently been identified in various sedimentary marine settings worldwide. These filamentous microbes mediate electrogenic sulphur oxidation (e-SOx) over centimetre-scale distances, leading to a distinct separation of oxygen- and sulphide-bearing sediment zones. Here we present results of a year-long monthly assessment of the impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary Fe and Mn dynamics at three sites located along a water depth gradient in a seasonally-hypoxic coastal marine lake (Grevelingen, The Netherlands). Fluorescence In Situ Hybridisation (FISH) shows the presence of cable bacteria at two sites in spring. Micro-sensor profiling (O2, pH, H2S) and pore water profiles of dissolved Mn, Fe2+, Ca2+ and SO42- reveal the geochemical signature of e-SOx at these sites, i.e. the development of a broad suboxic zone, characterised by a low pH and acidic dissolution of Ca/Mn carbonates and Fe sulphides. Cable bacteria activity, as reflected by dissolution of FeS in spring, was highest at the deepest and most hypoxic site. In spring, dissolved Mn and Fe2+ released at depth due to e-SOx diffused upwards and was sequestered as Mn- and Fe-(oxyhydr)oxides near the sediment surface, with Mn oxides acting as an oxidant for part of the upward diffusing Fe2+. Strikingly, the thickness of the Fe-(oxyhydr)oxide-bearing surface layer of the sediment was greatest at the most hypoxic site, emphasising the key role of cable bacteria in creating oxidised surface sediments. X-ray absorption fine structure analyses confirm the seasonality in Fe-(oxyhydr)oxide formation and reveal that the sediment Mn oxides were of biogenic (birnessite) and abiotic (hausmannite) origin. Upon the onset of hypoxia in early summer, the sediment Fe-(oxyhydr)oxides were mostly converted to Fe-sulphides but the Mn oxides dissolved and the Mn was lost to the overlying water. After summer hypoxia, Beggiatoaceae mats colonised the sediment with little further change in sediment geochemistry. Our

  9. Three Episodes of Hydrocarbon Generation and Accumulation of Marine Carbonate Strata in Eastern Sichuan Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Jianzhong; MENG Qingqiang; FU Xiaodong

    2008-01-01

    It is concluded that there are three hydrocarbon generation and accumulation processes in northeastern Sichuan on the basis of the characteristics of solid bitumen, gas-light oils-heavy oils, homogenization temperature of fluid inclusions and diagenesis for beach- and reef-facies dolomite gasbearing reservoirs in the Puguang Gas Field, northeastern Sichuan Basin, southern China. The first hydrocarbon generation and accumulation episode occurred in the Indosinian movement (late Middle Triassic). The sapropelic source rocks of the O3w (Upper Ordovician Wufeng Formation)-Sll (Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation) were buried at depths of 2500 m to 3000 m with the paleogeothermal temperature ranging from 70℃ to 95℃, which yielded heavy oil with lower maturity. At the same time, intercrystalline pores, framework pores and corrosion caused by organic acid were formed within the organic reef facies of P2ch (Upper Permian Changxing Formation). And the first stage of hydrocarbon reservoir occurred, the level of surface porosity of residual solid bitumen [solid bitumen/ (solid bitumen + residual porosity)} was higher than 60%. The second episode occurred during the Middle Yanshanian movement (late Middle Jurassic). During that period, the mixed organic source rocks were deposited in an intra-platform sag during the Permian and sapropelic source rocks of O3w-S1l experienced a peak stage of crude oil or light oil and gas generation because they were buried at depths of 3500 m to 6800 m with paleogeothermal temperatures of 96-168℃. At that time, the level of surface porosity of residual solid bitumen of the T1f shoal facies reservoirs was between 25% and 35%, and the homogenization temperatures of the first and second stages of fluid inclusions varied from 100℃ to 150℃. The third episode occurred during the Late Yanshanian (Late Cretaceous) to the Himalayan movement. The hydrocarbon reservoirs formed during the T1f and P2ch had the deepest burial of 7700 m to 8700 m and

  10. Conodont biostratigraphy and paleoecology of the marine sequence of the Tapajós Group, Early-Middle Pennsylvanian of Amazonas Basin, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scomazzon, Ana Karina; Moutinho, Luciane Profs; Nascimento, Sara; Lemos, Valesca Brasil; Matsuda, Nilo Siguehiko

    2016-01-01

    This study was undertaken in the south and western regions of the Amazonas Basin to describe the conodont biostratigraphy and paleoecology of Pennsylvanian carbonate rocks of the marine portion of the Tapajós Group comprising the upper Monte Alegre, Itaituba, and lower Nova Olinda formations. The analyzed area includes one outcrop along the Tapajós river (TAP), two carbonate quarries (QI, QII), and 18 wells (dots 1-18). The conodont fauna is dominated by Idiognathoides sinuatus and Neognathodus symmetricus in the Monte Alegre Formation, followed by Idiognathodus incurvus, Diplognathodus coloradoensis and Neognathodus bassleri in the Itaituba and Nova Olinda formations. The conodont association suggests an Early to Middle Pennsylvanian age to the analyzed section. Relative ages attributed to the three lithostratigraphic units using conodonts, palynomorphs, and foraminifers are consistent. Herein are proposed one local taxon-range zone of Idiognathodus incurvus in the Itaituba and lower part of the Nova Olinda Formation and one local taxon-range subzone of Diplognathodus coloradoensis in the Itaituba Formation, suggesting a late Bashkirian - Moscovian (Atokan - early Desmoinesian) age to these strata. The Itaituba Formation marks the establishment of large Pennsylvanian marine conditions in the Amazonas Basin and is composed primarily of marine carbonates of abundant fossil content, tidal flat evaporites and siliciclastic thin intervals. Its lower limit, with the Monte Alegre Formation, is characterized by the predominant occurrence of fluvial-deltaic sandstones superimposed on an extensive sequence of aeolian sandstones, siltstones and shales intercalated with the interdune and lakes. From the upper strata of Itaituba Formation the faunal and lithological characteristics indicate the occurrence of a regressive phase culminating in a restricted environment, arid which indicates the Nova Olinda Formation. This is characterized by the occurrence of evaporites

  11. Occurrence of Highly Mature Organic Matter in Marine Black Shale Petroleum Source Rocks of Basal Cambrian from Northern Tarim Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Bingsong (于炳松); Hailiang DONG; CHEN Jianqiang (陈建强); CHEN Xiaolin (陈晓林); LIANG Shiyou (梁世友)

    2004-01-01

    More and more evidence indicates that organic matter (OM) in immature organic-rich sediments and sedimentary rocks is chemically adsorbed onto the outer surfaces of minerals and into interlayer (inner) surfaces of smectitic clay minerals in the form of amorphous molecular-scale carbon. But there have been few reports about the occurrence of highly mature OM in marine black shales (petroleum source rocks). The occurrence of highly mature OM in the black shales of basal Cambrian from northern Tarim Basin is studied in this paper. Based on the comprehensive analyses of total organic carbon contents (TOC), maximum thermolysis temperatures (T max ) of OM, mineral surface areas (MSA), and scanning electronic microscopic (SEM) and transmission electronic microscopic (TEM) observations of the black shales, it is concluded that the highly mature OM in the marine black shales of the basal Cambrian from northern Tarim Basin occurs in particulates ranging in size from 1 to 5 μm in diameter. Through the contrast of the occurrence of the highly mature OM in the black shales with that of the immature ones in modern marine continental margin sediments, some scientific problems are proposed, which are worth to study further in detail.

  12. Relations between spatial distribution and sequence types of the Cambrian-Ordovician marine source rocks in Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Marine source rocks are considered to be mainly composed of the Cambrian-Ordovician deposit in Tarlm Basin. Based on the previous studies made by other researchers, the authors calculated the thickness and distribution scale of these Cambrian-Ordovician source rocks by integrating sequence stratigraphy with investigations on sedimentary environments, well-shooting demarcating and calibrating the thickness of unknown source rocks with the thickness of the known ones according to characteristics of the source rocks that have "double track" seismic lineup reflectance. The results showed that the distribution area of the Lower-Cambrian Yuertusi Fm. source rock in platform inner depressions, slopes and deep basins is much bigger than that of the Middle Cambrian evaporite-lagoon source rock. Moreover, the former is superior to the latter In terms of the source rock quality. Likewise,the Middle-Ordovician Heituao Fm. source rock in the slopes and deep basins has a much wider distribution and better quality than the Upper Ordovician, and its quality is also better than those of the Shaergan and Yinggan Fms. source rock within platforms as well as the lime-mud-mound source rock along the fringe of the Upper-Ordovician platform. Most good Lower-Cambrian source rocks of the Kalpin outcrop lie on the initial ingression surface or in the condensed member of the Type Ⅰ sequence.In this section, the source rock in Type Ⅱ is inferior to that in Type Ⅰ, even being far from an effective one (TOC: <0.5%). Likewise, the good Middle-Ordovician Heituao source rock also lies on the initial ingression surface or in the condensed member of the Type Ⅰ sequence, while the poor Yinggan source rock and the lime-mud-mound along the fringe of the platform develop all in the Type Ⅱ sequence. Under the condition of the same sea-level rising altitude and time, the Ingression displacement (S1) at the base border in Type lis larger than S2 in Type Ⅱ. Thus, the distribution of the source

  13. Le corps des anges

    OpenAIRE

    Margel,Serge

    2017-01-01

    Ce séminaire fait suite à un cycle de conférences données en 2014 sur la notion de corps de chair dans le premier christianisme. Cette année la recherche a porté sur le corps spécifique des anges dans la patristique grecque et latine. Sur la base d’un corpus de textes délimité, j’ai essayé de montrer deux choses principales : d’un côté, on ne peut pas comprendre la spécificité du corps des anges sans l’inscrire dans le champ de l’angélologie chrétienne, qui assimile l’ange et l’âme, et d’un a...

  14. The development of the Middle Triassic tectonical controlled Germanic Basin of Central Europe and the palaeoenvironmental related distribution of marine and terrestrial reptiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrich, Cajus G.

    2010-05-01

    Nine Middle Triassic paleogeographical maps comprising the uppermost Upper Bunter, Lower to Middle Muschelkalk and Upper Muschelkalk to Lower Keuper time frame (Diedrich 2008b) show the marine ingression and regression cycle of the Middle Triassic Germanic Basin (Diedrich 2010c). For bathymetrical and palaeoenvironmental interpretations especially reptiles and their footprints are used. This Germanic Basin as analogon for the Arabian Gulf (Knaust 1997), north of the Tethys, was under marine and finally terrestrial influenced sediments in a time frame (after Kozur and Bachmann 2008) between 247.2 My (Myophoria Fm, Aegean, Lower Anisian) to 237.9 My (Grabfeld Fm, Longobardian, Lower Ladinian). In a duration of 9.3 My the Germanic Basin was filled up mainly with marine carbonates and at the end by siliciclastics influenced by the northern Tethys through the Silesian, Carpathian and later the Burgundian Gates which connected the Germanic Basin to the Northern Tethys. With the marine ingression from the East via the Silesian Gate (Poland) a ten to hundred kilometers extended intertidal flat to sabkha facies belt surrounded first only the central and then the Western Germanic Basin (Winterswijk, Netherlands). Those intertidal zones were used mainly by two different small reptiles as their primary habitat. Hereby they left Millions of the small tom medium sized footprints of the ichnogenera Rhynchosauroides and Procolophonichnium (Diedrich 2005, 2008a). Larger terrestrial and beach and sabkha adapted reptiles were Tanystrophaeus antiquus and unknown archosaurs, which are recorded only by their footprints. At the beginning of the ingression at the uppermost Bunter a shallow marine invertebrate fauna and coastal reptiles appeared in the Germanic Basin which must have originated mainly from the Northern Tethys. Especially all marine reptiles immigrated from the Tethys which is proven not only by assamblaged Tethyan cephalopod Ceratite species (cf. Diedrich 2008a). The

  15. Marine Corps Equities in the Arctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    and Russia to China, South Korea, and Thailand . Using the cost savings figures above and assuming that the savings for each ship are relatively the...boomed as a major port city. 43 Seattle’s rise created San Francisco’s decline. San Francisco’s economy now is primarily based on tourism and...Logistics, updated 22 January 2013, accessed 4 March 2013. http://www.arctis- search.com/NSR+Transits+2012&structure=Arctic+Sea+Routes 17 “ Statistics on

  16. Additive Manufacturing in the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    are ornamental and use nothing but chocolate ; however, in the Netherlands, all of the microwave pancakes available in supermarkets are produced...system is to feed the crewmembers for up to five years and meet safety, acceptability, variety, and nutritional stability requirements. It must also...McNulty, Arnas, and Campbell, “Toward the Printed World ,” 5. 167 Jacopo Prisco, “Foodini Machine Lets You Print Edible Burgers, Pizza, Chocolate ,” CNN

  17. Improving Marine Corps Assignment of SDAP Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Advisor William R. Gates, Dean Graduate School of Business and Public Policy iv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v ABSTRACT The...normally covered through TAD funds, COLA, BAH, and BAS, but not SDAP. 9 Information Paper, SDAP...Lien, and Dave Gregory. Evaluation of the Assignment Incentive Pay (AIP) System. Alexandria: CNA, June 2004. Greene, William . Econometric Analysis

  18. Air Delivery and Marine Corps Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    pdf >;: Andrew Felclf:ert, Mi;!le-Resistant, Ambusl1-Protected (MRAP) VehkJes: Background and Issues (’W’ash:f.ngton, DC: Cong ressloRa:l Hesea.rc:h...Service, 2007). .avafla,bUe· at <:http~//fas,org!sgp.lcr.s,l\\’leapom/RS22707 . pdf .>; and varlom.re,ports from ~tense Ne’IV.’S, The New· )’hfk: Times...Jlluel -Catllmcts - ·- · - Plm Cost Per Hour Plan = $5~380 Actual = $4,637 J Figure 13: KC-130JNovember 2008 ACES Cost Chart A5 f

  19. Marine Corps Intelligence Forecasting: A Way Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    4. vi LtCol Drew Cukor, interview with author. vii Francis Fukuyama , ed., Blindside: How to Anticipate Forcing Events and Wild Cards in Global...Security (January 2010). http://www.cnas.org/node/3927 (accessed January 16, 2012). Fukuyama , Francis , ed. Blindside: How to Anticipate Forcing Events...London: Frank Cass Publishers, 2003), 90. x Fukuyama , 4. xi Gary Klein, Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press

  20. Marine Corps Shelterized Expeditionary Food Service System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    temperature and cooks --no fuel tanks have to be filled, no fuel lines connected, no pressure gauges monitored , and no valves and nozzles have to be...summarized in Table 1. TABLE 1 FOOD SERVICE SYSTEM COST Item Galley Equipment Sanitation Equipment ISO Reefers M-77 Warer Heaters Generator

  1. Achieving Army-Marine Corps Logistic Interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    the Stryker battalion supply and logistics officer by means of Force XXI Battle Command, Brigade-and-Below/Joint Ca- pabilities Release (FBCB2/ JCR ...support, initiated as an FBCB2/ JCR variable-message-format message, is automatically and seamlessly integrated into the business processes and...support available, or time available). While AMLID will demonstrate information exchanges from the platform level via FBCB2/ JCR to another Service’s

  2. Marine Corps Maneuver Squad Leader Mastery Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    calmly handled the situation. He  directed his fire teams to bound back two teams at a time, with the  third team  suppressing  the enemy while the others...maintaining a focus on mission  completion despite  distractors   including stress, boredom,  fatigue, and emotion.  The Battalion Gunner, with his crew

  3. Should the Marine Corps Ban Motorcycles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    2000, states Operators of government or privately owned motorcycles, mopeds, motor scooters , or ATVs must successfully complete a rider or...normal riding conditions. Such conditions are at the very low end of the capability of sport bikes. Their “sophisticated suspension and braking...toward sport bike handling, basic maintenance requirements, and specific suspension component tuning that is required for individual riders. Such

  4. Marine Corps Semper Fit Program Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-11-08

    training provided by SME on prevention of back injuries, overuse injuries, patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and increasing lower extremity...include, but not limited to: Back Injury Prevention 2. Overuse Injury Prevention Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PPPS) Lower Extremity Flexibility

  5. Automation of the Marine Corps Planning Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    training, education , and doctrine that support C2 (MCWP 3-40.1, 2003). C. INFORMATION THEORY It is important to recognize that information comprises...elevate the importance of using automation. MCDP 1 describes war as a “complex phenomenon” (p.12, para. 2) and continues to explain, “as a result, war is...science elements associated with conducting and planning warfare. A balance between artistic elements, such as creative solutions resulting from an

  6. Chemostratigraphy of Late Cretaceous deltaic and marine sedimentary rocks from high northern palaeolatitudes in the Nuussuaq Basin, West Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenniger, Marc; Pedersen, Gunver Krarup; Bjerrum, Christian J.

    The Nuussuaq Basin in the Baffin Bay area in West Greenland formed as a result of the opening of the Labrador Sea in Late Mesozoic to Early Cenozoic times. The first rifting and the development of the Nuussuaq Basin took place during the Early Cretaceous and was followed by a second rifting phase...

  7. Base of brackish-water mud as key regional stratigraphic marker of mid-Holocene marine flooding of the Baltic Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virtasalo, Joonas J.; Endler, Michael; Moros, Matthias; Jokinen, Sami A.; Hämäläinen, Jyrki; Kotilainen, Aarno T.

    2016-08-01

    Many modern epicontinental seas were dry land before their marine flooding by the mid-Holocene glacioeustatic sea-level rise, whereas the Baltic Sea Basin was covered by a huge postglacial lake. This change from a postglacial lake to the present-day semi-enclosed brackish-water sea is studied here in sediment cores and acoustic profiles from the Baltic Sea major sub-basins, based on novel datasets combined with information extracted from earlier publications. In shallow areas (water depth), the base of the brackish-water mud is erosional and covered by a patchy, thin, transgressive silt-sand sheet resulting from decreased sediment supply, winnowing and the redistribution of material from local coarse-grained deposits during transgression. This erosional marine flooding surface becomes sharp and possibly erosional in deep areas (>50m water depth), where it may be locally less clearly expressed due to reworking and bioturbation. Both in the shallow and deep areas, the brackish-water mud is strongly enriched in organic matter compared to underlying sediments. Bioturbation type changes at the flooding surface in response to the increased sedimentary organic content, but no firm-ground ichnofacies were developed because of low erosion. It is concluded that the base of the brackish-water mud is a robust allostratigraphic bounding surface that is identifiable by the lithologic examination of cores over the Baltic Sea. The surface is a distinct reflector in seismic-acoustic profiles, which facilitates mapping and basin-wide stratigraphic subdivision. Detailed geochronologic studies are required to confirm if sediments immediately overlying the erosional flooding surface in shallow areas are younger than the basal part of the brackish-water mud in deep areas that is predicted to be time-equivalent to the erosion.

  8. Base of brackish-water mud as key regional stratigraphic marker of mid-Holocene marine flooding of the Baltic Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virtasalo, Joonas J.; Endler, Michael; Moros, Matthias; Jokinen, Sami A.; Hämäläinen, Jyrki; Kotilainen, Aarno T.

    2016-12-01

    Many modern epicontinental seas were dry land before their marine flooding by the mid-Holocene glacioeustatic sea-level rise, whereas the Baltic Sea Basin was covered by a huge postglacial lake. This change from a postglacial lake to the present-day semi-enclosed brackish-water sea is studied here in sediment cores and acoustic profiles from the Baltic Sea major sub-basins, based on novel datasets combined with information extracted from earlier publications. In shallow areas (50m water depth), where it may be locally less clearly expressed due to reworking and bioturbation. Both in the shallow and deep areas, the brackish-water mud is strongly enriched in organic matter compared to underlying sediments. Bioturbation type changes at the flooding surface in response to the increased sedimentary organic content, but no firm-ground ichnofacies were developed because of low erosion. It is concluded that the base of the brackish-water mud is a robust allostratigraphic bounding surface that is identifiable by the lithologic examination of cores over the Baltic Sea. The surface is a distinct reflector in seismic-acoustic profiles, which facilitates mapping and basin-wide stratigraphic subdivision. Detailed geochronologic studies are required to confirm if sediments immediately overlying the erosional flooding surface in shallow areas are younger than the basal part of the brackish-water mud in deep areas that is predicted to be time-equivalent to the erosion.

  9. The nature of deep-marine sedimentation and palaeocurrent trends as evidence of Pindos foreland basin fill conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pavlos Avramidis; Abraham Zelilidis

    2001-01-01

    @@ The Pindos foreland basin is an example of Tertiary turbidite basin fill, segmented during its evolution by propagating thrusts. The distribution of turbidite facies in the Pindos foreland and the palaeocurrent directions of submarine fan development show that the northern part of the Pindos foredeep, from the middle Eocene to the late Oligocene, was an example of underfilled foreland basin. Adjacent to the Pindos thrust front (internal Ionian zone), during that period, in the northern part of the thrust, a valley was formed in which sediments concentrated from both the thrust .front and the peripheral bulge.

  10. Impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary iron and manganese dynamics in a seasonally-hypoxic marine basin

    OpenAIRE

    Sulu-Gambari, F; Seitaj, D.; Behrends, T.; D. Banerjee; Meysman, F. J. R.; Slomp, C. P.

    2016-01-01

    Cable bacteria have recently been identified in various sedimentary marine settings worldwide. These filamentous microbes mediate electrogenic sulphur oxidation (e-SOx) over centimetre-scale distances, leading to a distinct separation of oxygen- and sulphide-bearing sediment zones. Here we present results of a year-long monthly assessment of the impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary Fe and Mn dynamics at three sites located along a water depth gradient in a seasonally-hypoxic coastal marine...

  11. No Abrupt Changes in redox conditions associated with the end-Permian marine ecosystem collapse in the east Greenland basin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper K.; Shen, Y; Piasecki, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    compositions of pyrites from the East Greenland Basin. The size distributions of framboidal pyrites in sediments from a continuous section across the Permian–Triassic boundary reveal that sulfidic conditions in water columns were established about 0.7 m above the extinction event in the East Greenland Basin...... is not indicative of an abrupt change of redox chemistry in water columns, in contrast to previous claims. The integration of isotope and framboidal pyrite data provides a nearly continuous record of ocean chemistry evolution and new insights into the end-Permian extinction and delayed biotic recovery in the East...

  12. Carbon isotopic compositions of 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin:Evidence for the source formed in a strongly reducing environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Although 1-alkyl-2,3,6-trimethylbenzenes and a high relative amount of 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene have been detected in marine oils and oil asphaltenes from Tabei uplift in the Tarim Basin, their bio-logical sources are not determined. This paper deals with the molecular characteristics of typical ma-rine oil asphaltenes from Tabei and Tazhong uplift in the Tarim Basin and the stable carbon isotopic signatures of individual compounds in the pyrolysates of these asphaltenes using flash pyrolysis-gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (PY-GC-MS) and gas chromatograph-stable isotope ratio mass spectrometer (GC-C-IRMS), respectively. Relatively abundant 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene is detected in the pyrolysates of these marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin. δ 13C values of 1,2,3,4-tetrame-thylbenzene in the pyrolysates of oil asphaltenes vary from-19.6‰ to-24.0‰, while those of n-alkanes in the pyrolysates show a range from-33.2‰ to-35.1‰. The 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in the pyro-lysates of oil asphaltenes proves to be significantly enriched in 13C relative to n-alkanes in the pyro-lysates and oil asphaltenes by 10.8‰―15.2‰ and 8.4‰―13.4‰, respectively. This result indicates a contribution from photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria Chlorobiaceae to relatively abundant 1,2,3,4-tetramethylbenzene in marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin. Hence, it can be speculated that the source of most marine oil asphaltenes from the Tarim Basin was formed in a strongly reducing water body enriched in H2S under euxinic conditions.

  13. Sintesis icnológica de unidades mesozoicas marinas de la Cuenca Neuquina, nuevos datos y perspectivas Ichnological synthesis of the marine unitsof the Neuquén Basin, new data and future perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo J. Pazos

    2009-10-01

    presente interpretada como cercana al depocentro de lacuenca. En Mina La Continental se han documentado trazas complejas atribuiblesa bivalvos tellínidos asignables a Hillichnus. En la mencionadalocalidad, aparecen huellas de terópodos. Éstas, como las de tellínidosanteceden el registro de fósiles corpóreos, que marcan condiciones desomerización extrema hasta exposición subaérea, lo que muestra claramente elvalor de los estudios icnológicos en las interpretaciones paleoambientales,particularmente en sucesiones donde otros tipos de fósiles se hallan ausentes.Quedan numerosos intervalos marinos y unidades que aún no han sido estudiados,pero sin duda uno de los más interesantes se halla en la Formación Molles de naturaleza turbidítica o hiperpícnica, de la que no se conocen datosicnológicos. Del mismo modo son casi inexistentes los estudios de bioerosión yregistros de trazas producidas por la meiofauna. Por todo ello, el conocimientoicnológico de los intervalos marinos de la cuenca Neuquina está en su infancia,si se lo compara con estudios paleontológicos de tipo bioestratigráfico,sedimentológicos o de rutina en la industria del petróleo tanto en afloramientocomo en coronas.In this paper the ichnology of the marineintervals of the Neuquén Basin is reviewed, taking into account anstratigraphic framework and discussing previous works on ichnology that containsome ichnogenus (Lapispira that are firstly documented in South Americain Jurassic rocks of the Río Atuel area, and other ichnogenera that constitutewell preserved records in the Jurassic tidal influenced deltas of the LajasFormation. The trace fossil record includes Asterosoma, Asteriacites,Dactyloidites, Diplocraterion, Gyrochorte, Palaeophycus, Polykladichnus,Schaubcilindrichnus, Siphonichnus, Thalassinoides, Teichichnus and raretraces in shallow marine deposits like Helmin-thorhaphe and root tracesindicative of a very complex facies scheme. A special mention deserves thetraces from the

  14. A three-step model to assess shoreline and offshore susceptibility to oil spills: the South Aegean (Crete) as an analogue for confined marine basins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Tiago M; Kokinou, Eleni; Zodiatis, George

    2014-09-15

    This study combines bathymetric, geomorphological, geological data and oil spill predictions to model the impact of oil spills in two accident scenarios from offshore Crete, Eastern Mediterranean. The aim is to present a new three-step method of use by emergency teams and local authorities in the assessment of shoreline and offshore susceptibility to oil spills. The three-step method comprises: (1) real-time analyses of bathymetric, geomorphological, geological and oceanographic data; (2) oil dispersion simulations under known wind and sea current conditions; and (3) the compilation of final hazard maps based on information from (1) and (2) and on shoreline susceptibility data. The results in this paper show that zones of high to very-high susceptibility around the island of Crete are related to: (a) offshore bathymetric features, including the presence of offshore scarps and seamounts; (b) shoreline geology, and (c) the presence near the shore of sedimentary basins filled with unconsolidated deposits of high permeability. Oil spills, under particular weather and oceanographic conditions, may quickly spread and reach the shoreline 5-96 h after the initial accident. As a corollary of this work, we present the South Aegean region around Crete as a valid case-study for confined marine basins, narrow seaways, or interior seas around island groups.

  15. Impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary iron and manganese dynamics in a seasonally-hypoxic marine basin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulu-Gambari, F.A.; Seitaj, Dorina; Behrends, T.; Banerjee, Dipanjan; Meysman, F.; Slomp, C.P.

    2016-01-01

    Cable bacteria have recently been identified in various sedimentary marine settings worldwide. These filamentous microbes mediate electrogenic sulphur oxidation (e-SOx) over centimetre-scale distances, leading to a distinct separation of oxygen- and sulphide-bearing sediment zones. Here we present

  16. Origins of natural gases from marine strata in Northeastern Sichuan Basin (China) from carbon molecular moieties and isotopic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yunpeng; Zhao, Changyi; Wang, Hongjun; Wang, Zhaoyun; Wang, Zecheng

    2013-03-01

    To determine the origin, maturity, formation mechanism and secondary process of marine natural gases in Northeastern Sichuan area, molecular moieties and carbon isotopic data of the Carboniferous and Triassic gases have been analyzed. Typical samples of marine gas precursors including low-maturity kerogen, dispersed liquid hydrocarbons (DLHs) in source rocks, residual kerogen and oil have been examined in a closed system, and several published geochemical diagrams of gas origins have been calibrated by using laboratory data. Results show that both Carboniferous and Triassic gases in the study area have a thermogenic origin. Migration leads to stronger compositional and weak isotopic fractionation, and is path dependent. Carboniferous gases and low-H2S gases are mainly formed by secondary cracking of oil, whereas high-H2S gases are clearly related to the TSR (Thermal Sulfate Reduction) process. Gases in NE Sichuan show a mixture of heavy (13C-enriched) methane in comparison to the lower maturated ethane of Triassic gas samples, suggesting a similar source and maturity for ethane and propane of Carboniferous gases, and a mixture of heavy ethane to the propane for Triassic gases. Based on the data plotted in the diagram of Chung et al. (1988), the residual kerogen from Silurian marine shale and palaeo oil reservoirs are the main source for Carboniferous gases, and that the residual kerogen from Silurian and Permian marine rocks and Permian paleao oil reservoirs constitute the principal source of Triassic gases.

  17. Impact of cable bacteria on sedimentary iron and manganese dynamics in a seasonally-hypoxic marine basin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sulu-Gambari, F; Seitaj, D.; Behrends, T; Banerjee, D.; Meysman, F.J. R.; Slomp, C.P.

    2016-01-01

    Cable bacteria have recently been identified in various sedimentary marine settings worldwide. These filamentous microbes mediate electrogenic sulphur oxidation (e-SOx) over centimetre-scale distances, leading to a distinct separation of oxygen- and sulphide-bearing sediment zones. Here we present r

  18. Effects of olive oil wastes on river basins and an oligotrophic coastal marine ecosystem: a case study in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlidou, A; Anastasopoulou, E; Dassenakis, M; Hatzianestis, I; Paraskevopoulou, V; Simboura, N; Rousselaki, E; Drakopoulou, P

    2014-11-01

    This work aims to contribute to the knowledge of the impacts of olive oil waste discharge to freshwater and oligotrophic marine environments, since the ecological impact of olive oil wastes in riverine and coastal marine ecosystems, which are the final repositories of the pollutants, is a great environmental problem on a global scale, mostly concerning all the Mediterranean countries with olive oil production. Messinia, in southwestern Greece, is one of the greatest olive oil production areas in Europe. During the last decade around 1.4×10(6)tons of olive oil mill wastewater has been disposed in the rivers of Messinia and finally entered the marine ecosystem of Messiniakos gulf. The pollution from olive oil mill wastewater in the main rivers of Messinia and the oligotrophic coastal zone of Messiniakos gulf and its effects on marine organisms were evaluated, before, during and after the olive oil production period. Elevated amounts of phenols (36.2-178 mg L(-1)) and high concentrations of ammonium (7.29-18.9 mmol L(-1)) and inorganic phosphorus (0.5-7.48 mmol L(-1)) were measured in small streams where the liquid disposals from several olive oil industries were gathered before their discharge in the major rivers of Messinia. The large number of olive oil units has downgraded the riverine and marine ecosystems during the productive period and a period more than five months is needed for the recovery of the ecosystem. Statistical analysis showed that the enrichment of freshwater and the coastal zone of Messiniakos gulf in ammonia, nitrite, phenols, total organic carbon, copper, manganese and nickel was directly correlated with the wastes from olive oil. Toxicity tests using 24h LC50 Palaemonidae shrimp confirm that olive mill wastewater possesses very high toxicity in the aquatic environment.

  19. Great Expectations: The U.S. Army X Corps in Korea, September-November 1950

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    and confusion of the landings, and several unfortunate fratricide incidents, the X Corps concluded D- Day postured to expand the beachhead and advance...amounted to almost 129,000 total personnel, nearly double the active duty component.66 Despite its skeleton structure, the Marine Corps continued to...The prevalent interservice rivalries permeated every aspect of the Defense Department’s interwar posture , mobilization, and preparations for the

  20. Aerial surveys of Steller's eiders (Polysticta stelleri) and other waterbirds and marine mammals in Southwest Alaska areas proposed for navigation improvements by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alaska

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — We conducted aerial shoreline surveys in Southwest Alaska in February and March, 2000, to help estimate potential impacts of proposed marine harbor and navigation...

  1. Microbial distributions detected by an oligonucleotide microarray across geochemical zones associated with methane in marine sediments from the Ulleung Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briggs, Brandon R; Graw, Michael; Brodie, Eoin L; Bahk, Jang-Jun; Kim, Sung-Han; Hyun, Jung-Ho; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Torres, Marta; Colwell, Frederick S

    2013-11-01

    The biogeochemical processes that occur in marine sediments on continental margins are complex; however, from one perspective they can be considered with respect to three geochemical zones based on the presence and form of methane: sulfate–methane transition (SMTZ), gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ), and free gas zone (FGZ). These geochemical zones may harbor distinct microbial communities that are important in biogeochemical carbon cycles. The objective of this study was to describe the microbial communities in sediments from the SMTZ, GHSZ, and FGZ using molecular ecology methods (i.e. PhyloChip microarray analysis and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP)) and examining the results in the context of non-biological parameters in the sediments. Non-metric multidimensional scaling and multi-response permutation procedures were used to determine whether microbial community compositions were significantly different in the three geochemical zones and to correlate samples with abiotic characteristics of the sediments. This analysis indicated that microbial communities from all three zones were distinct from one another and that variables such as sulfate concentration, hydrate saturation of the nearest gas hydrate layer, and depth (or unmeasured variables associated with depth e.g. temperature, pressure) were correlated to differences between the three zones. The archaeal anaerobic methanotrophs typically attributed to performing anaerobic oxidation of methane were not detected in the SMTZ; however, the marine benthic group-B, which is often found in SMTZ, was detected. Within the GHSZ, samples that were typically closer to layers that contained higher hydrate saturation had indicator sequences related to Vibrio-type taxa. These results suggest that the biogeographic patterns of microbial communities in marine sediments are distinct based on geochemical zones defined by methane.

  2. Marine Tactical Command and Control System (MTACCS), Field Development System-1 (FDS-1) assessment: Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avery, L W; Hunt, S T; Savage, S F [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); McLaughlin, P D; Shepard, A P; Worl, J C [Battelle Seattle Research Center, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-04-01

    The following appendices contain the detailed analysis data for the questionnaires and various FDS-1 after action reports submitted to the Marine Corps Systems Command (MARCORSYSCOM) Marine Tactical Command and Control System (MTACCS) Systems' Engineer.

  3. Evaluation of the Gas Production Potential of Marine HydrateDeposits in the Ulleung Basin of the Korean East Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moridis, George J.; Reagan, Matthew T.; Kim, Se-Joon; Seol,Yongkoo; Zhang, Keni

    2007-11-16

    Although significant hydrate deposits are known to exist in the Ulleung Basin of the Korean East Sea, their survey and evaluation as a possible energy resource has not yet been completed. However, it is possible to develop preliminary estimates of their production potential based on the limited data that are currently available. These include the elevation and thickness of the Hydrate-Bearing Layer (HBL), the water depth, and the water temperature at the sea floor. Based on this information, we developed estimates of the local geothermal gradient that bracket its true value. Reasonable estimates of the initial pressure distribution in the HBL can be obtained because it follows closely the hydrostatic. Other critical information needs include the hydrate saturation, and the intrinsic permeabilities of the system formations. These are treated as variables, and sensitivity analysis provides an estimate of their effect on production. Based on the geology of similar deposits, it is unlikely that Ulleung Basin accumulations belong to Class 1 (involving a HBL underlain by a mobile gas zone). If Class 4 (disperse, low saturation accumulations) deposits are involved, they are not likely to have production potential. The most likely scenarios include Class 2 (HBL underlain by a zone of mobile water) or Class 3 (involving only an HBL) accumulations. Assuming nearly impermeable confining boundaries, this numerical study indicates that large production rates (several MMSCFD) are attainable from both Class 2 and Class 3 deposits using conventional technology. The sensitivity analysis demonstrates the dependence of production on the well design, the production rate, the intrinsic permeability of the HBL, the initial pressure, temperature and hydrate saturation, as well as on the thickness of the water zone (Class 2). The study also demonstrates that the presence of confining boundaries is indispensable for the commercially viable production of gas from these deposits.

  4. A new species of Ischyodus (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali: Callorhynchidae) from Upper Maastrichtian Shallow marine facies of the Fox Hills and Hell Creek Formations, Williston basin, North Dakota, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoganson, J.W.; Erickson, J.M.

    2005-01-01

    A new species of chimaeroid, Ischyodus rayhaasi sp. nov., is described based primarily upon the number and configuration of tritors on palatine and mandibular tooth plates. This new species is named in honour of Mr Raymond Haas. Fossils of I. rayhaasi have been recovered from the Upper Maastrichtian Fox Hills Formation and the Breien Member and an unnamed member of the Hell Creek Formation at sites in south-central North Dakota and north-central South Dakota, USA. Ischyodus rayhaasi inhabited shallow marine waters in the central part of the Western Interior Seaway during the latest Cretaceous. Apparently it was also present in similar habitats at that time in the Volga region of Russia. Ischyodus rayhaasi is the youngest Cretaceous species Ischyodus known to exist before the Cretaceous/Tertiary extinction, and the species apparently did not survive that event. It was replaced by Ischyodus dolloi, which is found in the Paleocene Cannonball Formation of the Williston Basin region of North Dakota and is widely distributed elsewhere. ?? The Palaeontological Association.

  5. Moral Fitness: Ethical Education for Marines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    Kohlberg grouped his stages of moral development into three levels: the pre-conventional, the conventional level, and the post conventional...According to Kohlberg , most adults stop developing in the conventional level. This puts the challenge on the Marine Corps to develop junior Marines to

  6. Biomarker evidence for shallow water marine euxinia through the PTB in the Panthalassic Ocean (Peace River Basin Embayment, Canada)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, L. E.; Beatty, T.; Henderson, C. M.; Summons, R. E.; Love, G. D.

    2007-12-01

    Protracted euxinic conditions in the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic oceans may have been an important paleoenvironmental factor in the Permian-Triassic Boundary (PTB) extinction. Release of hydrogen sulfide during upwelling or transgressive events from such an ocean (Kump et al. 2005; Riccardi et al. 2006) may have been a driver of the extinction in both marine and terrestrial environments. Worldwide marine PTB sections show evidence for a stratified water column and the presence of sulfidic deep water, at least episodically (Isozaki 1997; Grice et al. 2005). Taxa that are particularly characteristic of such an environment are the green sulfur bacteria, or Chlorobiaceae. These anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria utilize sulfide as an electron donor for photosynthesis and live in modern stratified water columns where euxinia extends into the photic zone. Indeed, biomarkers derived from these organisms have been identified at a number of the PTB sections. The Peace River embayment in western Canada has been identified as a section that spans the PTB based on conodont biostratigraphy (Henderson 1997). Samples from five drill cores in this section provide new insight into the state of the Panthalassic Ocean during this time of unprecedented turnover in Earth's biota. Using standard biomarker protocols, we identified aromatic hydrocarbons that are diagentic products of the carotenoids isorenieratene and chlorobactene, which are diagnostic for the brown and green strains, respectively, of the Chlorobiaceae. The occurrence of chlorobactane is especially notable since the green-pigmented varieties of the Chlorobiaceae require higher light intensities than the brown-pigmented forms and, in modern environments where they have been found, occur between 13 and 30 m of the surface. This is the first time that chlorobactane has been reported from a PTB section and it suggests a particularly shallow chemocline periodically at this location. The δ13C values for the aryl

  7. Source Rocks for the Giant Puguang Gas Field, Sichuan Basin: Implication for Petroleum Exploration in Marine Sequences in South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZOU Huayao; HAO Fang; ZHU Yangming; GUO Tonglou; CAI Xunyu; LI Pingping; ZHANG Xuefeng

    2008-01-01

    Detailed geochemistry studies were conducted to investigate the origin of solid bitumens and hydrocarbon gases in the giant Puguang gas field. Two types of solid bitumens were recognized: low sulfur content, low reflectance (LSLR) solid bitumens in sandstone reservoirs in the Xujiahe Formation and high sulfur content, high reflectance (HSHR) solid bitumens in the carbonate reservoirs in the Lower Triassic Feixianguan and Upper Permian Changxing formations. Solid bitumens in the Upper Triassic Xujiahe Formation correlate well with extracts from the Upper Triassic to Jurassic nonmarine source rocks in isotopic composition of the saturated and aromatic fractions and biomarker distribution. Solid bitumens in the Feixianguan and Changxing formations are distinctly different from extracts from the Cambrian and Silurian rocks but display reasonable correlation with extracts from the Upper Permian source rocks both in isotopic composition of the saturated and aromatic fractions and in biomarker distribution, suggesting that the Permian especially the Upper Permian Longtan Formation was the main source of solid bitumens in the carbonate reservoirs in the Feixianguan and Changxing formations in the Puguang gas field. Chemical and isotopic composition of natural gases indicates that the majority of hydrocarbon gases originated from sapropelic organic matter and was the products of thermal cracking of accumulated oils. This study indicates that source rock dominated by sapropelic organic matter existed in the Upper Permian and had made major contribution to the giant Puguang gas field, which has important implication for petroleum exploration in marine sequences in South China.

  8. Anaerobic oxidation of methane at a marine methane seep in a forearc sediment basin off Sumatra, Indian Ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael eSiegert

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A cold methane-seep was discovered in a forearc sediment basin off the island Sumatra, exhibiting a methane-seep adapted microbial community. A defined seep centre of activity, like in mud volcanoes, was not discovered. The seep area was rather characterized by a patchy distribution of active spots. The relevance of AOM was reflected by 13C depleted isotopic signatures of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC. The anaerobic conversion of methane to CO2 was confirmed in a 13C-labelling experiment. Methane fuelled a vital microbial and invertebrate community which was reflected in cell numbers of up to 4 x 109 cells cm 3 sediment and 13C depleted guts of crabs populating the seep area. The microbial community was analysed by total cell counting, catalyzed reporter deposition – fluorescence in situ hybridisation (CARD-FISH, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE. CARD-FISH cell counts and qPCR measurements showed the presence of Bacteria and Archaea, but only small numbers of Eukarya. The archaeal community comprised largely members of ANME-1 and ANME-2. Furthermore, members of the Crenarchaeota were frequently detected in the DGGE analysis. Three major bacterial phylogenetic groups (δ-Proteobacteria, candidate division OP9 and Anaerolineaceae were abundant across the study area. Several of these sequences were closely related to the genus Desulfococcus of the family Desulfobacteraceae, which is in good agreement with previously described AOM sites. In conclusion, the majority of the microbial community at the seep consisted of AOM related microorganisms, while the relevance of higher hydrocarbons as microbial substrates was negligible.

  9. Sédimentation et tectonique dans le bassin marin Eocène supérieur-Oligocène des Alpes du Sud Sedimentation and Tectonics in the Upper Eocene-Oligocene Marine Basin in the Southern Alps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riche P.

    2006-11-01

    'exprime nettement moins que précédemment. Le toit des grès est marqué par une surface de discontinuité fortement érosive correspondant à des canyons sous-marins de direction NE-SO. Cette surface peut être mise en relation avec l'écoulement des olistostromes qui termine le remplissage du bassin. La mise en place de ces olistostromes et des olistolithes qui les accompagnent n'est pas paléontologiquement datée : elle débute avec la fin de la sédimentation gréseuse. L'ensemble est encore affecté par une distension E-O ce qui tend à montrer que cette mise en place est antérieure à la phase de serrage miocène. La confrontation entre les observations de terrain, les expériences de sédimentation en canal et l'interprétation sismique de bassins offshore argumente les interprétations proposées. This paper is based on local field surveys performed recently by Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP and Ecole Nationale Supérieure du Pétrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM in the western part of the southern Alps nummulitic basin, to help interpret seismic data. It underlines the role of extensional tectonics during sedimentation. It questions the geodynamic interpretation of the basin as a foredeep basin in the Alpine orogenic belt. On a Mesozoic basement folded by the Pyreneo-Provençale orogeny, as early as the Lutetian the nummulitic transgression flooded the eastern area, which was subsequently obscured by the Pennine main fault during Mio-Pliocene times. It spread westward during the Upper Eocene. In the meantime, an E-W extension, shown clearly along the Var River faults and along the edge of the Pelvoux range, fragmented the fringes of the basin with blocks tilted during sedimentation. The result is fast changes of facies within the basal carbonates, which pass from platform types to slope types and to thin gravitational sediments farther into the basin. The overlying marls correspond to slope facies wrapping the inherited topography. The Gres d'Annot s. l

  10. Late Cenozoic volcanism in the western Woodlark Basin area, SW Pacific: the sources of marine volcanic ash layers based on their elemental and Sr-Nd isotope compositions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lackschewitz, K. S.; Mertz, D. F.; Devey, C. W.; Garbe-Schönberg, C.-D.

    2002-12-01

    Tephra fallout layers and volcaniclastic deposits, derived from volcanic sources around and on the Papuan Peninsula, form a substantial part of the Woodlark Basin marine sedimentary succession. Sampling by the Ocean Drilling Program Leg 180 in the western Woodlark Basin provides the opportunity to document the distribution of the volcanically-derived components as well as to evaluate their chronology, chemistry, and isotope compositions in order to gain information on the volcanic sources and original magmatic systems. Glass shards selected from 57 volcanogenic layers within the sampled Pliocene-Pleistocene sedimentary sequence show predominantly rhyolitic compositions, with subordinate basaltic andesites, basaltic trachy-andesites, andesites, trachy-andesites, dacites, and phonolites. It was possible to correlate only a few of the volcanogenic layers between sites using geochemical and age information apparently because of the formation of strongly compartmentalised sedimentary realms on this actively rifting margin. In many cases it was possible to correlate Leg 180 volcanic components with their eruption source areas based on chemical and isotope compositions. Likely sources for a considerable number of the volcanogenic deposits are Moresby and Dawson Strait volcanoes (D'Entrecasteaux Islands region) for high-K calc-alkaline glasses. The Dawson Strait volcanoes appear to represent the source for five peralkaline tephra layers. One basaltic andesitic volcaniclastic layer shows affinities to basaltic andesites from the Woodlark spreading tip and Cheshire Seamount. For other layers, a clear identification of the sources proved impossible, although their isotope and chemical signatures suggest similarities to south-west Pacific subduction volcanism, e.g. New Britain and Tonga-Kermadec island arcs. Volcanic islands in the Trobriand Arc (for example, Woodlark Island Amphlett Islands and/or Egum Atoll) are probable sources for several volcaniclastic layers with ages

  11. Magnetic properties contribution to the identification and provenance of marine sediments: distal IRD in the Galicia Interior Basin (NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaza-Morlote, Maider; Rey, Daniel; Francisco Santos, Jose; Ribeiro, Sara; Bernabeu, Ana; Mohamed, Kais; Heslop, David; Rubio, Belén; Martins, Virginia

    2016-04-01

    This paper discusses the advantages of using a combined environmagnetic and geochemical approach to the provenance and characterization of distal IRDs occurring during the Last Glacial Period in core CI12PC3 from the Galicia Interior Basin (GIB). Six Heinrich layers (HL1-6) have been identified in the area in base to the detection of distinct populations of exotic magnetic mineral assemblages alien to the local/regional sedimentation environment. Their extension has been determined by Ca/Sr and Si/Sr ratios and their provenance by 143Nd/144Nd and 87Sr/86Sr isotopic ratios and FORCs. The sedimentary expression of HL is characterized by the presence of distal Ice Rafted Detritus (IRD). Distal IRD magnetic signatures in the GIB consist of (i) an increase of one order of magnitude in the peak amplitude of magnetic susceptibility from background values, (ii) a general coarsening of the magnetic grain size in a mineral assemblage dominated by titano-magnetites, (iii) FORC distributions pushing towards the coarse MD or PSD component, and (iv) thermomagnetic curves depicting the occurrence of several magnetite phases. These four features are very different from the fine-grained biogenic magnetic assemblages characterized by the combination of lower MS and higher coercivity values that dominate the predominant mixtures of the non-interacting SSD and PSD components in the non-IRD influenced background sedimentation. Our results show that the last 70.000 yr of sedimentation in the GIB were controlled by the relative contribution of local detrital material derived from the Iberian Variscan Chain and IRD alien material from the iceberg melting during the Heinrich Events. They also show two main IRD provenance fields: Europe and Canada. And that the later is more important for for HL1, HL2, HL4 and HL5. FORCs analysis complemented the isotopic information and provided a very unique information, indicating that glacial flour may not always have the same provenance as IRD and that

  12. Reciprocal transplants support a plasticity-first scenario during colonisation of a large hyposaline basin by a marine macro alga.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Daniel; Pereyra, Ricardo T; Rafajlović, Marina; Johannesson, Kerstin

    2017-04-05

    Establishing populations in ecologically marginal habitats may require substantial phenotypic changes that come about through phenotypic plasticity, local adaptation, or both. West-Eberhard's "plasticity-first" model suggests that plasticity allows for rapid colonisation of a new environment, followed by directional selection that develops local adaptation. Two predictions from this model are that (i) individuals of the original population have high enough plasticity to survive and reproduce in the marginal environment, and (ii) individuals of the marginal population show evidence of local adaptation. Individuals of the macroalga Fucus vesiculosus from the North Sea colonised the hyposaline (≥2-3‰) Baltic Sea less than 8000 years ago. The colonisation involved a switch from fully sexual to facultative asexual recruitment with release of adventitious branches that grow rhizoids and attach to the substratum. To test the predictions from the plasticity-first model we reciprocally transplanted F. vesiculosus from the original population (ambient salinity 24‰) and from the marginal population inside the Baltic Sea (ambient salinity 4‰). We also transplanted individuals of the Baltic endemic sister species F. radicans from 4 to 24‰. We assessed the degree of plasticity and local adaptation in growth and reproductive traits after 6 months by comparing the performance of individuals in 4 and 24‰. Branches of all individuals survived the 6 months period in both salinities, but grew better in their native salinity. Baltic Sea individuals more frequently developed asexual traits while North Sea individuals initiated formation of receptacles for sexual reproduction. Marine individuals of F. vesiculosus are highly plastic with respect to salinity and North Sea populations can survive the extreme hyposaline conditions of the Baltic Sea without selective mortality. Plasticity alone would thus allow for an initial establishment of this species inside the postglacial

  13. Marine vertebrates from the Santonian coastal carbonates of northwestern Germany - a tool for the reconstruction of a Proto- North Sea Basin intertidal dinosaur-exchange bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diedrich, Cajus G.; Scheer, Udo

    2015-09-01

    A diverse vertebrate fauna, dominated by shark teeth, is recorded from conglomerates within the limestones of the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Burgsteinfurt Formation of northwestern Germany. The conglomerate beds comprise carbonatic, glauconitic and phosphate nodules, as well as Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous extraclasts. The Burgsteinfurt Formation conglomerates contain fining-upwards parasequences 2-20 cm in thickness, interpreted as tempestite layers within a unit formed by larger-scale Milankovitch Cycles. The presence of the inoceramid Sphenoceramus patootensis and belemnite Gonioteuthis granulata indicate a late Santonian age for the unit. The studied vertebrate fauna from the Weiner Esch locality consists of 20 selachian species (14 macroselachians and 6 microselachians), a few teleosts, rare marine mosasaur remains, and one tooth from a theropod dinosaur. 95% of the vertebrates in the assemblage are depositionally autochthonous, with the remaining material reworked from older underlying Cenomanian-Coniacian (lower Upper Cretaceous) limestones. On the basis of observed sedimentary structures, the scarcity of deep-sea selachians, and the dominance of the Mitsukurinidae (59% of the preserved shark fauna) in the fossil assemblage, the unit is interpreted as a shallow (0-3 metres deep), subtidal, nearshore environment, or even subaerial carbonate-sand islands, located on the southern margin of a submarine swell. The presence of a Santonian theropod in this deposit, and other dinosaur records in northern Germany, together support the interpretation of a short-lived uplift event with strong upwelling influence for the Northwestphalian-Lippe submarine swell north of the Rhenish Massif in the southern Proto- North Sea Basin. A new migration model for dinosaurs moving along carbonate coasts or intertidal zones of shallow carbonate-sand islands in Central Europe is presented, which may explain the scattered distribution of dinosaur remains across Europe in the

  14. Devínska Kobyla – a window into the Middle Miocene shallow-water marine environments of the Central Paratethys (Vienna Basin, Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matúš Hyžný

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Middle Miocene strata exposed at Devínska Kobyla Hill (Malé Karpaty Mts document the temporal and spatial changes in shallow-water environments of the northern Vienna Basin during the Late Badenian and Early Sarmatian. Middle Miocene deposits of the Studienka and Holíč formations border this hill essentially along its full perimeter. The present overview of 16 localities based on published observations and new sampling shows that the Middle Miocene deposits contain species-rich micro- and macrofaunal assemblages as well as nannoflora. This contribution includes lists of all marine faunal (except tetrapods and microfloral taxa known to date. The localities can be divided into three groups on the basis of their lithology and the abundance of molluscs and foraminifers in fossil assemblages: Devín area, Dúbravka area and Devínska Nová Ves area. On the basis of foraminifers the localities in the Dúbravka area (Dúbravská hlavica, Pektenová lavica, Starý lom, partly Fuchsov lom can be assigned to the Early Sarmatian (based on benthic taxa, whereas the localities in the Devín (Šibeničný vrch, Štítová, Terasy, Lomnická, Lingulová lavica, Glosusová lavica and Devínska Nová Ves (Sandberg 1–2, Malý Sandberg, Waitov lom, Glavica, Štokeravská vápenka-Bonanza areas are predominantly of the Late Badenian age (based on benthic and planktonic taxa. However, molluscs imply that the deposits from the Dúbravka area are of Late Badenian age. The differences in the estimates of stratigraphic age between on molluscs and foraminifers can be explained with the persistence of typically Badenian mollusc taxa in the marginal parts of the Central Paratethys Sea during the Middle Miocene. For every studied locality palaeoenvironmental conditions based mostly on molluscs and foraminifers are inferred.

  15. An Assessment of the Influence of Orbital Forcing on Late Pliocene Global Sea-Level Using a Shallow-Marine Sedimentary Record from the Wanganui Basin, New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefton, J.; Naish, T.; Mckay, R. M.; Turner, G. M.; Morgans, H. E. G.; Seward, D.; Alloway, B.

    2015-12-01

    Classical Milankovitch Theory suggests variance in the orbital cycles of precession (21 kyr) and obliquity (41 kyr) should have a profound influence on insolation and ice volume. However, the globally-integrated ice volume proxy record (benthic δ18O) during the Late Pliocene (3.0-2.6 Ma) is dominated by obliquity-paced cycles, and lacks a significant precession component. A number of hypotheses have been proposed to explain this phenomenon, but paleoclimate records independent of the benthic δ18O record are required to test these. The Wanganui Basin, New Zealand, contains a shallow-marine Neogene sedimentary succession that is widely recognised as an important site for examining sea-level/ice volume changes at orbital frequencies. Here, we present a record of paleobathymetric changes at an orbital resolution from the Late Pliocene Mangaweka Mudstone outcrop succession. Modern analogue-calibrated water-depth proxies of grainsize and benthic foraminifera census data were used to evaluate paleobathymetric changes. An integrated magneto-, bio- and tephrostratigraphy was developed that constrains the outcrop succession to between ~3.0 Ma and 2.58 Ma. Nine distinct cycles spanning ~400,000 years are identified in the grainsize and benthic foraminifera assemblages. Within the uncertainty of the age model, the Mangaweka Mudstone grainsize cycles can be matched one-for-one to the δ18O cycles, as they display a similar pattern of frequency and amplitude. The frequency of these cycles (and the corresponding interval in the δ18O record) are dominated by the 41 kyr year obliquity cycle, but with a subordinate eccentricity component. Therefore, the fluctuations in the grainsize and benthic foraminifera proxies likely represent an indirect response to global sea-level fluctuations via their effect on continental shelf sediment transport mechanisms. The implications for the orbital theory of the ice ages are that during the Late Pliocene, global ice volume changes responded

  16. 78 FR 60918 - Innovation Corps Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... Innovation Corps Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act...: Innovation Corps (I-Corps) for Advisory Committee, 80463. Date/Time: October 28, 2013, 3:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m..., Program Director, Innovation Corps (I-Corps), Engineering Directorate, National Science Foundation,...

  17. [Upper Steele Bayou Projects : Yazoo River Basin, Mississippi

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is a collection of documents related to four projects which were proposed by the U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers in the Yazoo River Basin. The Upper Yazoo Basin...

  18. Deepwater Horizon MC252 - Oil Spill: Ocean Imaging Corp.'s Aerial Multispectral Oil Mapping System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ocean Imaging Corp.'s Aerial Multispectral Oil Mapping System employs a customizable 4-spectral channel system and IR imager integrated to allow simultaneous data...

  19. 76 FR 56244 - Dialpoint Communications Corp., Pacel Corp., Quantum Group, Inc. (The), and Tradequest...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... COMMISSION Dialpoint Communications Corp., Pacel Corp., Quantum Group, Inc. (The), and Tradequest... Communications Corp. because it has not filed any periodic reports since the period ended September 30, 2008. It... accurate information concerning the securities of Quantum Group, Inc. (The) because it has not filed any...

  20. 78 FR 57921 - Municipal Mortgage & Equity LLC, Prolink Holdings Corp., RPM Technologies, Inc., SARS Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Municipal Mortgage & Equity LLC, Prolink Holdings Corp., RPM Technologies, Inc., SARS Corp... lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of SARS Corp. because it has not...

  1. The structure and stratigraphy of the sedimentary succession in the Swedish sector of the Baltic Basin: New insights from vintage 2D marine seismic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sopher, Daniel; Erlström, Mikael; Bell, Nicholas; Juhlin, Christopher

    2016-04-01

    We present five interpreted regional seismic profiles, describing the full sedimentary sequence across the Swedish sector of the Baltic Sea. The data for the study are part of an extensive and largely unpublished 2D seismic dataset acquired between 1970 and 1990 by the Swedish Oil Prospecting Company (OPAB). The Baltic Basin is an intracratonic basin located in northern Europe. Most of the Swedish sector of the basin constitutes the NW flank of a broad synclinal depression, the Baltic Basin. In the SW of the Swedish sector lies the Hanö Bay Basin, formed by subsidence associated with inversion of the Tornquist Zone during the Late Cretaceous. The geological history presented here is broadly consistent with previously published works. We observe an area between the Hanö Bay and the Baltic Basin where the Palaeozoic strata has been affected by transpression and subsequent inversion, associated with the Tornquist Zone during the late Carboniferous-Early Permian and Late Cretaceous, respectively. We propose that the Christiansø High was a structural low during the Late Jurassic, which was later inverted in the Late Cretaceous. We suggest that a fan shaped feature in the seismic data, adjacent to the Christiansø Fault within the Hanö Bay Basin, represents rapidly deposited, coarse-grained sediments eroded from the inverted Christiansø High during the Late Cretaceous. We identify a number of faults within the deeper part of the Baltic Basin, which we also interpret to be transpressional in nature, formed during the Caledonian Orogeny in the Late Silurian-Early Devonian. East of Gotland a number of sedimentary structures consisting of Silurian carbonate reefs and Ordovician carbonate mounds, as well as a large Quaternary glacial feature are observed. Finally, we use the seismic interpretation to infer the structural and stratigraphic history of the Baltic and Hanö Bay basins within the Swedish sector.

  2. Chichewa Language Manual. Peace Corps Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samu, Samu M.

    This Peace Corps guide to individual, independent, or group study of Chichewa provides basic conversational vocabulary and phrases necessary for Peace Corps volunteer survival skills in Malawi. The 20 lessons consist of dialogues, vocabulary, and exercises on these topics: greetings; self-introduction; discussing others; relatives; professions;…

  3. New Management Circle of Sinopec Corp Formed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ The First Extraordinary General Meeting for the Year 2003 of China Petrochemical Corporation ("Sinopec Corp")was held in Beijing on April 22. The shareholders carefully examined the "Work Report of the First Session of the Board of Directors of Sinopec Corp"and the "Work Report of the First Session of the Supervisory Committee of Sinopec Corp." The Second Session of the board of directors of Sinopec Corp was elected at the extraordinary general meeting. They are Chen Tonghai, Wang Jiming,Mou Shuling, Zhang Jiaren,Cao Xianghong, FanYifei,Chen Qingtai, Ho Tsu Kwok Charles, Shi Wanpeng, Zhang Youcai and Cao Yaofeng,among whom Chen Qingtai,Ho Tsu Kwok Charles, Shi Wanpeng and Zhang Youcai were elected as independent directors. Li Yizhong, former chairman of Sinopec Corp, no longer acts as one of the directors of the company because his post has been adjusted.

  4. Cat Island marine core grain-size data from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  5. Cat Island Marine Core Locations from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  6. Cat Island marine core locations from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  7. Cat Island marine core locations from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  8. Cat Island Marine Core Locations from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  9. Cat Island marine core grain-size data from field activity 10BIM06

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC), in collaboration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers...

  10. The Importance of Combat Ethics Training: Solidifying Marines Footing on the Moral High Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    combat ethics is accomplished through a variety ofmethods. These include instruction on core values, leadership, martial arts , rules of engagement (ROE...exercises. We further reinforce confident, ethical decision-making through the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program that teaches our Core Values and"presents...training at the School of Infantry (Sal). The development of ethics continues with core values discussions, Marine Corps Martial Arts program (MCMAP

  11. Computer Training for Financial Management Officers in the Marine Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    structure of the questionnaire prior to formal distribution (Schewe & Smith, 1980; Selltiz, Wrightsman & Cook, 1976). Ten questionnaires were returned...Inc., 1975. Selltiz, Claire, Wrightsman , L.S., and Cook, S.W., Research Methods in Social Relations, 3d ed. , Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. Sharpe

  12. Future Retention of the Marine Corps Top Performing Aviators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Officer Retention, Military Human Capital 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF...WORK BALANCE REGRESSION MODEL .......63 APPENDIX E FLIGHT HOURS AND TRAINING REGRESSION MODEL SUMMARY...35 Figure 5. Aviation Continuation Pay Impact Graph........................................................37 Figure 6. Flight

  13. Critical Skills of Marine Corps Infantry Small Unit Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-17

    skills, leadership skills, assertiveness, adaptability, and time management skills, were rated by all 6 raters with the maximum possible rating. All...adaptability 5.00 0.00 - - 1.00 p<.05 0.00 p<.05 and Prac. Sig. 47 time management skills 5.00 0.00 - - 1.00 p<.05 0.00 p<.05 and Prac. Sig. 9...tasks efficiently; to keep one’s work space neat and tidy. 14.2 Time Management Skills - To manage one’s own time and the time of others to accomplish

  14. Marine Corps Aviation Intelligence: A DOTMLPF-P Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS First, and most importantly, I would like to thank my wife and children for their love and support throughout this year. Without their...would be possible. I love you. To my committee, Mr. Brown, Dr. Hentschel, and Ms. Karambelas, thank you for the respective guidance and direction...Historical Dictionary of Air Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2009. Government Documents Assistant Director of Intelligence. United States

  15. Army and Marine Corps Active Protection System (APS) Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-23

    Army Tank-Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC), “Active Protection Systems have been in the design and development...traditional steel armor, which detonates when struck by a projectile in order to disrupt the armor-piercing jet produced by RPG, ATGM, and main gun-shaped...sensors and guidance to attack the tops or engine compartments of vehicles, 16 which are usually less armored than the front, sides, and underside of

  16. Measurement of Unit Effectiveness in Marine Corps Infantry Battalions. Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-10-31

    whose military experience also contributed greatly to the project. Historical work was also undertaken by Dr. Paul Davis, COL, USA(Ret), and Messrs...straight across the island. 3/2 was to secure GREEN BEACH (via land) while 2/8 cleaned out a pocket at the .. Burns- Philp Pier on the left flank of...strong-points near the Burns- Philps Pier. (For 1800 positions, see Map 3.) 2/ 1 (plus 2/2) enlarged the south shore beachhead and made a limited

  17. Caffeine Use among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-09

    Steelman 2, Krista G. Austin 1,3 and Harris R. Lieberman 1 1 Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine...443-752-3350 Received: 8 August 2016; Accepted: 28 September 2016; Published: 9 October 2016 Abstract: Data from the National Health and Nutrition ...medications, weight control aids, and otherover-the-counter medications that contain caffeine Other drink Flavored waters, hot chocolate , chocolate

  18. Feedback Systems for the Marine Corps Combat Readiness Evaluation System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    J. Euske, J. F. Mullane, Jr. i s aAop 3 T CuVW 16A tW~W lw 6. PAGE COUSI The purpose of this study was to identify the most appropriate and effective...plicity and that creates difficulty in setting any sort of coherent guidelines for a manager to employ [Ref. 20]. 4. Integrated Approach The

  19. Updating the Resource Requirements for Marine Corps Preventive Medicine Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    THURINGIENSIS, 10% (BACTIMOS BRIQUETS ) 2 BQ 6840013836251 INSECTICIDE CYFLUTHRIN 9.5GM PACKET 288S 3 PK 6840014124634 INSECTICIDE D-PHENOTHRIN 2% AEROSOL...INSECTICIDE, BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS, 10% (BACTIMOS BRIQUETS ) 1 BX 46.00 1.00 $67.55 NAVMED 6240/2 FOOD SERVICE 100S 2 PG PN:13461 RESPIRATOR

  20. United States Marine Corps Reserve First Term Attrition Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    classified as Tier 1 applicants. They compared the homeschooled and ChalleNGe program recruits with other High School graduate recruits treating them...Wenger & Hodari, Final Analysis of Evaluation of Homeschool and ChalleNGe Program Recruits, 2004) Wenger (2010) recognizes that the relationship...High School Diploma .906 .8148 .9121 .9014 (.2919) (.3958) (.2832) (.2982) Alt HS Diploma (GED, homeschool ) .037 .0741 .029 .0433 (.1888

  1. U.S. Marine Corps Concepts & Programs 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Range of Military Operations ( ROMO ), supporting operations, to in- clude enabling the introduction of fol- low on forces, and, when the associated...concepts across the Range of Military Operations ( ROMO ). Mobility: Maneuverability to enable opera- tions across the spectrum of terrain, including...geothermal, solar,and wind ;and (3) electrical loadshedding and demand reduction strategies. Complying with EPAct 2005 requirements to meter buildings

  2. Defining Self-Sufficiency in the United States Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-18

    Military Occupational Specialty MSSG MEU Service Support Group OPTEMPO Operational Tempo ROMO Range of Military Operations SPMAGTF Special Purpose...for larger operations and contingencies and is capable of executing all missions across the range of military operations ( ROMO ; USMC, 2002). It is...timber, sunlight, minerals, and wind . Although we can influence the environment or situation somewhat by carefully planning military operations

  3. Transitioning the Tactical Marine Corps to IPv6

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Milestones xiv RFC Request for Comments SBU Sensitive-But-Unclassified SIM/STIM Simulation / Stimulation SOCOM Special Operations Command SMTP...along with the flexibility to support operations at a single security level. A DDS-M suite can operate from the Sensitive-But-Unclassified ( SBU ) up

  4. Marine Corps Recruiting Incumbency and the Disruptive Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    kids won’t be trooping off to boot camp anytime soon. Nor are they buying the line that multiethnic democracy is abloom in Bosnia or that Kosovo was...Command in order to wargame future strategy. The research suggests the “ Millennial Generation” or “N-Gen [Network Generation],” essentially Generation...Simultaneously, the site can capture and track lead information. In the future, this data capture will allow analysis of web browsing habits to further hone our

  5. Implications of Integrating Women into the Marine Corps Infantry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    negative consequences for unit cohesion. This may help explain why some studies of gender integration in the military have found no negative effects of...Backlash Effects for Disconfirming Gender Stereotypes in Organiza- tions,” Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 28, 2008, pp. 61–79; Laurie A...Moderates Stereotype Threat Effects on Women’s Math Performance,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 2, 2002, pp. 194–201. Gender

  6. Marine Corps Research and Development Objectives Document (RADOD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-08

    Noncorrosive Chemical Decontaminate 640-2136 FPWR 6008J LT FITZGIBBONS C 1Nov78 NBC 0.00 ( JSOR ) Advanced Chemical Agent Detector/Alarm 640-2136 FPWR...Launched Unit, Fuel Air 7Mar75 3oint No response Explosive Mine Neutralization development System LGS6651J 0613A JSOR (C)--Air Delivered Antipersonnel...UHLCADS) LGS9128A 23101 LWA Reduction of Heavy Drop 27May77 monitor RDD-22-mrc 21Jun 7 7 monitor Extraction Time LGS9155A 45288 JSOR High Speed Aerial

  7. Navy and Marine Corps Medical News. Issue 24

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-19

    Recognized as Navy Internist of the Year Navy Medicine is Committed to All We Are Honored to Serve NASA Trains Rota Med Personnel to Support Shuttle...December 19, 2008 Page 7 NHB Internal Med Dept Head Recognized as Navy Internist of the Year By Douglas H Stutz, Naval Hospital Bremerton Public...lected as the top Navy Internist of the Year by receiving the Sparks Award for Outstanding Internist of the Year at a Family Medicine or Non

  8. Does the Marine Corps Need an Enlisted Aviation Production Process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    TOC is based on the theory of Dr. Eliyahu Goldratt , which builds on the principles of the quality management theory developed by Dr. Edward Deming, and...description/mh041/2003 27333 7 .html. · Goldratt , Eliyahu M. 1990. Mat is this thing called theory of constraints and how should it be implemented...Croton-on-Hudson, N.Y.: North River Press. Goldratt , Eliyahu M., and Jeff Cox. 2004. The goal : a process of ongoing improvement. 3 rev, 20th

  9. Army and Marine Corps Active Protection System (APS) Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-30

    defense expert: In the aftermath of the Ukraine invasion, Western military planners no longer think they can predict how Russian leader Vladimir Putin ... Russia and Israel most notably—and some experts characterize U.S. efforts as somewhat lagging. U.S. military officials contend there are still a number...Ukrainian separatists. 2 1 David Hambling, “ Russia Unveils “Abrams Killer” Rocket,” Wired

  10. United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Strategy and Implementation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Operating Concepts 2010. 20 International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2009, Executive Summary . 21 U.S. Energy Information Administration...Data includes crude oil and refined petroleum products. 23 World Energy Outlook 2009, Executive Summary . 24 World Bank Group and Center for Energy...Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research Conference, Detroit, 24 August 2006 99USMC Expedit ionary Energy Strategy World Energy Outlook 2009

  11. Sexual Assaults in the Marine Corps: Really Increasing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    34 - Gen James F. Amos, Commandant Introduction Sexual assault is a terrible crime...prosecutors. These regional offices also contain criminal investigators, a legal administrative officer, paralegal support, and Highly Qualified Experts...effect: (3) White Letters, (1) ALMAR, (12) MARADIMINS - Executive Off-Site Brief (Senior Leaders, LtGen- Gen ) - DON Strategic Plan - Indoctrination

  12. Recruiting Implications of the Long War for the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Generation Y, commonly referred to as the Millennial generation . In an article published in Strategy and Business titled Military ofMillenials, the authors...United States." Generally speaking, the use of military forces in large- scale conventional warfare can achieve a political aim. The other...matter ofpractice, perhaps the gap between the millennial generation and civilian elite who view military service as pedestrian could be bridged

  13. The Next EFV: Aligning Marine Corps Capabilities With National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 09-05-2011 2. REPORT TYPE...addresses national security goals of countering the hybrid threat or supporting partner capacity-building. Hovercrafts can project power from the seas by...armament, or range. The proven hovercraft such as the commercial-off-the-shelf EPS M10, if retrofitted with modern weaponry, is the ideal

  14. Optimizing Marine Corps Pilot Conversion to the Joint Strike Fighter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    current delivery schedule, VMFAT 501 will receive one aircraft in 2010, nine in 2011, and the remaining 10 in 2013. In 2012, VMAT 332, the first...operational squadron will receive its 10 aircraft. 41 To evaluate the effects of allocating additional aircraft to the FRS, aircraft deliveries to VMAT 332

  15. Internal Administrative Control: Its Applicability to the Marine Corps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    full ramge of needs and is not ascribed to by the AICEA in whole. Paul Grady, chairman of the AICP1’s - Committee on Auditing Procedures, commezted on...activity is essential tc her.it reassesssent and modificaticn cf current strategies in light cf celaned exteral evironaental or i aterna l...internal aulitor"s, Thie Interral I SS, June, 1977, .’.4- - 26. Zaltcz Gene Wl. and Lawrence, Paul R., Liotivaticr and garj n2KS~iaicc Richard 1D. I

  16. Leadership Styles in United States Marine Corps Transport Helicopter Squadrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    reinforcement encourages the subordinate to maintain his current performance levels, while negative reinforcement encourages the subordinate to change his...current performance level. Typically, positive reinforcemen-: comes in the form of praise or promotion. Negative reinforcement may be simply pointing out a...positive or negative reinforcement and management-by-exception, typify the transactional leader. These leaders are more interested in outcomes and

  17. Navy and Marine Corps Spectrum Offices (NMCSO) Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    IT1 Aaron Crawford IT1 William Kennedy IT1 Trinika Savage Randall Hall (Supervisor) Dave Harris ITC Duane King IT1...VACANT E6 Gary Vogel (Supervisor) Greg Boone ITC James Robinson Rena Karas (Supervisor) Elizabeth Anderson Reginald Thomas...states and afloat. NMCSO (South West) San Diego (Supr Rena Karas )  COOP - NAVMARSPECCEN or NMCSO LANT office operations during contingencies

  18. Reshaping Millennials As Future Leaders Of The Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-04

    transforms people because it aids leaders in understanding individual emotions, values , and ethics , establishing standards, and achieving long-term goals...Generation X and Millennials for a lack of work ethic and commitment to the workplace . Confident, independent and self-reliant, Baby Boomers grew up in...Baby Boomers and Generation Xers value working individually, view managers as experts, and look to their employers for career planning. In

  19. 2015 Marine Corps Security Environment Forecast: Futures 2030-2045

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    music , movies, and software. Now apply the same difficulties to every physical object. Additive manufacturing will make it possible to do low...shifted focus in the late 2010s from its Western borders in response to heavy U.S. and UN sanctions. The depression that Russia goes through in the

  20. Revamping Civilian Leadership Development in the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    Gandhi, or Martin Luther King Jr. The courageous leader is always willing to pay the price for unpopularity, to include making those tough decisions that...to-day tasks of the organization’s employees. By this point, a manager has learned to follow and supervise others; and can take those lessons

  1. Measurement of Unit Effectiveness in Marine Corps Infantry Battalions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-10-31

    before taken a drink in his life) or a theoretical framework (money is less important than a happy family life) that orders the data for us...between individuals at mealtime . e Average distance between individuals on the march. . Average distance to flank guards on the march. e Number of

  2. United States Marine Corps Assault Amphibian Vehicle Egress Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    42  Figure 10.  Boxplots for Chest Circumference per group ........................................ 43  Figure 11.  Boxplots of Waist Circumference ...Chest Circumference Summary Statistics ............................................. 43  Table 8.  Waist Circumference Summary Statistics...weight, chest depth, shoulder circumference , chest circumference , waist circumference , buttock circumference and shoulder breadth. Since subjects

  3. Premilitary Tobacco Use by Male Marine Corps Recruits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    cigarettes a day or even less.27,34–36 We therefore used 20 TOTLTOB units per day as our cut-off point for possible dependence. Stage of Change Prochaska ...Prevention: Health Enrollment Assess- ment Review (HEAR). Brooks Air Force Base, Tx, U.S. Air Force, 1997. 22. DiClemente CC, Prochaska JO, Fairhurst SK...Prev Med 2003; 25: 219–25. 37. Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC: Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J

  4. Enhancing the Physical Fitness in the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    standard Army firing range. Targets were pop-up silhouettes which were shot down as they appeared. Each subject was provided 40 rounds of ammunition and...sports such as soccer, volleyball , wrestling, basketball, etc. While the soldier is trained in other tasks which contribute to his physical fitness...Forces, (North Atlantic Council: 3 October 1986), p. 23. "P.D. Gollnick and L. Hermansen, Biomechanical Adaption to Exercise: Anaerobic Metabolism

  5. Oil and the Future of Marine Corps Aviation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    some form of energy shortage or volatile price fluctuations. However, several factors make today different from the past. First, despite studies...particularly after bombing reduced the output of the Ploiesti oil fields and refineries in Romania. In the FT process, so-called syngas (short for...waxes allows for the manufacture of ideal transportation fuels such as diesel and jet fuel. Syngas is easily produced via the partial combustion of

  6. Amphibious Combat Vehicle Acquisition: Marine Corps Adopts an Incremental Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    program progress towards achieving the balance—that is sought in accordance with best practices—between customer needs and resources (e.g., technologies...adoption of an incremental approach has helped the program progress towards achieving the balance between customer needs and resources (e.g., technologies...USMC plans to acquire 204 ACV 1.1s and anticipates achieving initial operational capability in fiscal year 2020 . According to program officials

  7. Reducing Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault in the Marine Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    to be pitted against one another within the confines of a military courtroom. I am convinced that these types of sexual assaults—those driven by...most compelling testimony came from Ms. T herself: She testified that she only drank about two to three alcoholic drinks of Red Bull mixed

  8. Camp Upshur, Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA Architectural Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    ERDC/CERL SR-09-11 viii Unit Conversion Factors Multiply By To Obtain acres 4,046.873 square meters degrees Fahrenheit (F-32)/1.8 degrees Celsius...Office 1952 No 451 26109 Chapel 1952 No 461 26110 Administrative Office 1952 No 473 26111 Administrative Office 1952 No 483 26112 Storage A/G...Floor Tile Replacement-Camp Upshur, Building 26110, floor plan, March 1962 ERDC/CERL SR-09-11 451 B ui ld in g 26 11 0 HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPHS

  9. Navy and Marine Corps Medical News. February 17, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-17

    marathon and we must pace ourselves and watch out for one another. We must ensure that we have each others’ backs and make sure we are there for one...operational stress continuum,” said Hammer. “Sleep, hydration, rotating shifts, and nutrition , are also important in mitigating

  10. Optimization of a Marine Corps Artillery Battalion Supply Distribution Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    networks and convoy building. More specifically, the vehicle routing problem ( VRP ) (e.g., Toth and Vigo, 2001) is a problem that was defined more than...40 years ago. The problem involves determining a set of routes that are optimal for vehicles and convoys (fleets) to deliver items to a collection...Traveling Salesman Problem , John Wiley & Sons Ltd., NY. Toth, R., and Vigo D., (2001). The Vehicle Routing Problem , Society for Industrial and

  11. Defense Logistics: Marine Corps and Army Reset Liability Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-22

    reset the item will likely equal the historical average spent to repair the item. 12Unit repair cost refers to the amount of funding to reset a...equipment reset amounting to more than $700 million and that in the event of a crisis the Army would deploy units at a significantly lower readiness level.6...Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Budget. Finally, we interviewed officials from the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Office of Cost

  12. Complexity Leadership Theory: A United States Marine Corps Historical Overlay

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    service’s ability to innovate across the gap between organizational resources and an “uncertain” and “complex” future operating environment. As the...around the ability of each service to innovate across the gap between organizational resources and an “uncertain” and “complex” future operating...complexity. As a large organization attempts to achieve its purpose, it must identify, link, and execute the best emerging ideas and strategies from

  13. Optimizing Marine Corps Personnel Assignments Using an Integer Programming Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    would assist the Monitors in the assignment process. Though these studies contain very thorough analyses, they differ from the approach taken in this...thesis in that they do not look into using a low cost, yet very efficient, decision modeling approach of integer programming as a method of...2012 BAH Rates-with Dependents. Defense Travel Mangement Office. (2011, December). 2012 BAH Rates-without Dependents. M ileage C ost 1 Per D iem

  14. Developing a Measure of Marine Corps Recruiting Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    attempt to map produc- tivity of actual RSSs was prevented because RSS territorial boundaries were not coincident with the school district boundaries...duplicative coverages and overlaps was to aggregate recruiting substations ( RSSs ) until one aggregated RSS covered a unique subset of the school districts...as it pertained to these aggregated RSSs . F. COMPOSITION OF SCHOOL DISTRICTS In the 1973-7^ school year approximately two-thirds of the average daily

  15. Supporting Marine Corps Enhanced Company Operations: A Quantitative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    these models, called cellular automaton (CA) models. CA models have their origin in physics and biology . The famous Ising model of magnetic spin...were set to less than 0.05 to enter and leave the model. This model’s purpose is simply to divulge important factors and interactions. It is not

  16. Marine Corps Provisioning Policy Review Staff Study Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-28

    OUJTPUJT MHIF PR50e FECORD ElCr I I MRIF PR 5 1e p pt"H TPFPEF- NSI 1 3 r +1F P R5 2 E oF HO~ TIOtEl MIi~F p p5~ 2Zp CEC T Cc-C 1XaIF PIK!2-. Up * rI TUN4IT...T.r’ rrt0 nDS!-z H Z cI’ 111 . . a r VI .1 H1 ST ,;zY, r .s P 0Lr, I/EXT. M4 I PUT tD i 5 1 p RcPRcv-rdDYEr u S I S Zr - P E FSE RT CI’!C, Y SEC- REP...t 4 tI td tif ,t ’ !t t*t1 4t i 1-I 1 = U5 5 IiEXT.r40L[, I",, . I .L S . . V I K .F, ECrr Y , IL tF -C. Lr. ’/ET. .4SULF I r - Zf;= r!C I. LF 1

  17. Writing Skills Course for Newly Commissioned Marine Corps Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-01

    Colonel Cathcart had courage, and never hesitated to volunteer for any assignment. ___ 23. The airplane crash only killed two people. 5 S C/9 0.0 I0...solid waste heading into its landfill . __ 55. Officers should do the following, provide general supervision, plan (for next month, not tomorrow), and...not to establish standards. 6 22. Colonel Cathcart had courage and never hesitated to volunteer for any assignment. (Deleted comma.) 23. The airplane

  18. Analyzing Resources of United States Marine Corps for Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-26

    relations from the University of Wisconsin- Madison. He also holds a BA in religion with a concentration in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism from Temple...the geography as shown by history . Because the USMC policy dictates that the MEU must possess five characteristics to ensure mission readiness, the

  19. Marine Corps Lessons Learned System (MCLLS) User’s Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-08-20

    LNCH COMPLEX) CHILE COMUSFORCARIB BMD (BALL MSLE DEF) CHINA COMUSKOREA BMDC (BALL MSLE DEF CTR) CHOP (CHANGE OF OP CNTL) COMUSMARFOR BMEWS (BAL MSL...WARN) SSP (STRAT STRIKE PLAN) TM SIDA (SlOP INTG DATA BSE) STAFF FUNCTIONS TM (TECHNICAL MANUAL) SIDAC (SGL IN DAM AS CAp) STANAG TNF (THEATER NUC

  20. Marine Corps Promotion System: Rewarding Merit or Seniority?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    battlefields. PME is both an extrinsic and intrinsic reward . The majority of schools offer the ability to earn an advanced degree in conjunction...intrinsic and extrinsic motivators is key to rewarding leaders who have earned the right to be at the front of the line. In-zone reordering would...

  1. Allocating Marine Corps Intelligence Resources for Phase Zero Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-10

    April2007). http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/62443/james-d-fearon/irags-civil-war?page=show. 25 Fessenden , Helen. "The Limits of...Intelligence Reform." Foreign Affairs (November/December 200 5). http://www .foreignaffairs. com/ atticles/61204/helen- fessenden /the-limits-of- intelligence

  2. Marine Air Ground Task Force Distribution In The Battlespace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    4081: MAGTF Logistics Support Systems (MLS2), MCO 4000.51: Automatic Identification Technology (AIT), MCO 4470.1A: United States Marine Corps (USMC...systems to communicate and perform logistical functions in support of operations. 12 3. MCO 4000.51: Automatic Identification Technology (AIT) MCO...Corps order (MCO) 4000.51: Automatic Identification Technology (AIT), MCO 4470.1A: USMC MAGTF Deployment and Distribution Policy (MDDP), and Logistics

  3. Women Marines in Counterinsurgency Operations: Lioness and Female Engagement Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    The discovery of Lucy Brewer’s autobiography led the Marine Corps to acknowledge that she was perhaps the first woman Marine.5 In 1918, the...the team removed their Kevlar helmets and glasses .. This showed the Iraqi women that the Lioness members were in fact female and seemed to put...communicated ~sing the interpreter. During the engagement, the women Marines removed their Kevlar helmets allowing the Afghan women to observe that

  4. Indian deep-sea environment experiment (INDEX): Monitoring the restoration of marine enviroment after artificial disturbance to simulate deep-sea mining in central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, R.

    of the experiment on the benthic ecosystem that were published in Marine Georesources and Geotechnology (Volume 18, No. 3, 2000) and Deep-Sea Research (Volume 48, No. 16, 2001). The correct order of the papers should have been: Monitoring the Impact of Simulated... of the National Institute of Oceanography, India, has been published in the Marine Georesources and Geotechnology journal, vol. 23 (September–December 2005). It has 11 papers dealing with different aspects of deep-sea environment asso- ciated with polymetallic...

  5. Le devenir actif du corps affectif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Séverac

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de saisir ce que signifie, pour le corps, être actif. À partir de la proposition 49 de la partie IV de l’Éthique, on propose de distinguer deux manières d’appréhender le corps – soit comme corps organique, soit comme corps affectif -, et l’on montre que la question éthique du devenir actif s’adresse à la dimension affective du corps. Il faut penser le devenir actif du corps affectif comme augmentation de son aptitude non seulement à affecter, mais aussi à être affecté. En effet, être affecté pour le corps n’est pas identique à pâtir : au contraire, plus est grande l’ouverture sensible d’un corps aux autres corps, plus est grande son activité éthique.The aim of this paper is to understand how the body can be active. With the proposition 49 of the fourth part of Ethics, two ways of conceiving of the body are distinguished : like an organic body or like an affective body. The ethics question of becoming active is about the affective body. This becoming active must be understood as increasing of the ability to affect, as well as to be affected. To be affected is different from to be passive. On the contrary, the more the body is able to be affected, the more he becomes active.

  6. Engaged Learning and Peace Corps Service in Tanzania: An Autoethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Brianna; Thorp, Laurie; Chung, Kimberly

    2014-01-01

    The Peace Corps Masters International program offers students the opportunity to combine their Peace Corps service with their master's education. This article demonstrates how classroom learning strengthened the author's Peace Corps service in Tanzania, which in turn strengthened her master's thesis. Peace Corps supports an approach to community…

  7. Le corps dans l'Antiquité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Lalanne

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ouvrages générauxLaqueur Thomas, La fabrique du sexe. Essai sur le corps et le genre en Occident, trad. fr., Paris, Gallimard, 1992.Feher Michel, Naddaff Ramona, Tazi Nadia, Fragments for a History of the Human Body, 3 volumes, New York, Zone Books, 1989.Le Corps dans l’AntiquitéBodiou Lydie, Frère Dominique, Mehl Véronique dir., L’expression des corps. Gestes, attitudes, regards dans l’iconographie antique, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2006.Bonnard Jean-Baptiste, Le complexe de ...

  8. Fungal and Prokaryotic Activities in the Marine Subsurface Biosphere at Peru Margin and Canterbury Basin Inferred from RNA-Based Analyses and Microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pachiadaki, Maria G; Rédou, Vanessa; Beaudoin, David J; Burgaud, Gaëtan; Edgcomb, Virginia P

    2016-01-01

    The deep sedimentary biosphere, extending 100s of meters below the seafloor harbors unexpected diversity of Bacteria, Archaea, and microbial eukaryotes. Far less is known about microbial eukaryotes in subsurface habitats, albeit several studies have indicated that fungi dominate microbial eukaryotic communities and fungal molecular signatures (of both yeasts and filamentous forms) have been detected in samples as deep as 1740 mbsf. Here, we compare and contrast fungal ribosomal RNA gene signatures and whole community metatranscriptomes present in sediment core samples from 6 and 95 mbsf from Peru Margin site 1229A and from samples from 12 and 345 mbsf from Canterbury Basin site U1352. The metatranscriptome analyses reveal higher relative expression of amino acid and peptide transporters in the less nutrient rich Canterbury Basin sediments compared to the nutrient rich Peru Margin, and higher expression of motility genes in the Peru Margin samples. Higher expression of genes associated with metals transporters and antibiotic resistance and production was detected in Canterbury Basin sediments. A poly-A focused metatranscriptome produced for the Canterbury Basin sample from 345 mbsf provides further evidence for active fungal communities in the subsurface in the form of fungal-associated transcripts for metabolic and cellular processes, cell and membrane functions, and catalytic activities. Fungal communities at comparable depths at the two geographically separated locations appear dominated by distinct taxa. Differences in taxonomic composition and expression of genes associated with particular metabolic activities may be a function of sediment organic content as well as oceanic province. Microscopic analysis of Canterbury Basin sediment samples from 4 and 403 mbsf produced visualizations of septate fungal filaments, branching fungi, conidiogenesis, and spores. These images provide another important line of evidence supporting the occurrence and activity of fungi in

  9. Marine Corps Shelterized Expeditionary Food Service System. Marine Corps ISO (International Organization for Standardization) Galley and Sanitation Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    1980 Lunch Hot Sliced Beef Sandwich Mashed Potatoes Brown Gravy Buttered Succotash Buttered Green Beans Carrot Strips Corn Relish Pickled Cherry Peppers...Tossed Vegetable Salad Sweet Mixed Pickles Bread and Butter Spice Cake Peanut Butter Cookies Beverages Supper Spaghetti with Meat Sauce Grated Cheese...Mein Noodles Buttered Green Beans Buttered Wax Beans Assorted Breads Butter Sliced Cucumber and Onion Salad Assorted Beverages Brownies Supper Baked

  10. 77 FR 32986 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, U.S. Marine Corps, San Diego...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... the Pechanga Reservation, California; Rincon Band of Luiseno Mission Indians of the Rincon Reservation... Juaneno Band of Mission Indians and the San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians. History and Description...

  11. A discussion on the upper limit of maturity for gas generation by marine kerogens and the utmost of gas generative potential: Taking the study on the Tarim Basin as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The experimental data yielded by Rock-Eval pyrolysis, kerogen atomic H/C, Py-GC and gold-tube sealing thermal simulation on the marine Cambrian-Ordovician source rock from the Tarim Basin revealed that the upper limit of maturity for natural gas generation or the "deadline of gas generation" for marine types Ⅰ and Ⅱ kerogens is equal to 3.0% of vitrinite reflectance (Ro); while the "deadline of gas generation" for type Ⅲ kerogens typically like coals is as high as 10% Ro. Thus, different organic matter has obviously different utmost maturities for gas generation. The mass-balance calculation by kerogen elements showed that when Ro>1.5%, the utmost amount of gas generation for the marine type Ⅱ kerogen is less than 185 m3/t TOC, accounting for less than 30% of its total hydrocarbon generative potential; when Ro>2.0%, it becomes 110 m3/t TOC, less than 20% of the total hydrocarbon generative potential. The amount of the gas generative potential obtained by Rock-Eval is only around one tenth of the calculated value by the mass balance of kerogen elements at the same thermal evolutionary stage,while those by Py-GC and gold-tube sealing simulation are intervenient between the above two. The utmost of gas generative potential at the over 1.3% Ro stage is around 60-90 m3/t TOC, therefore, the amount of gas generation obtained by Rock-Eval is the minimum of gas generative potential, while that by the mass-balance calculation of kerogen elements is the maximum that the actual amount of gas generation should not exceed.

  12. 黑龙江多宝山古生代海盆闭合的岩石学证据%Petrological evidence of Paleozoic marine basin closure in Duobaoshan of Heilongjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵焕利; 刘旭光; 刘海洋; 朱春艳

    2011-01-01

    The Paleozoic sedimentary strata, fossils, geochemistry of intrusive rocks and the zircon U-Pb isotopic dating of Duobaoshan in Heilongjiang Province have been comprehensively studied. They are the marine sedimentary strata from Early Ordovician to the early Late Devonian, sea-land interbeddind sediments in the late Late Devonian, and the continental fluvial and lacustrine deposits in Early Carboniferous. It is exposed a set of granites with (300 ± 3 ~ 357 ±4) Ma in southeastern Duobaoshan marine basin. Syenite fine-grained and adamellite finegrained mylonites are post-orogenic granites, and alkali granites are post-orogenic granites in A-type. That means the Duobaoshan marine basin closed from Late Devonian, became continental sedimentary in Early Carboniferous,and in uplift and erosion stage in Late Carboniferous-Early Permian. The fact performed that the orogeny of Duobaoshan area began in Early Carboniferous, and post-organic extension continued from Late Carboniferous to Late or Early Permian.%综合研究黑龙江多宝山地区古生代沉积地层、生物化石,通过分析侵入岩岩石地球化学及其锆石U-Pb同位素测年资料,表明该地区早奥陶世至晚泥盆世早期为海相沉积地层,晚泥盆世晚期为海陆交互相沉积地层,早石炭世为陆相河湖沉积地层.多宝山海盆东南侧出霉一套年龄为(300±3~357±4) Ma的花岗岩,其中正长、二长花岗质糜棱岩为后造山花岗岩,碱长花岗岩为造山后A型花岗岩.表明多宝山海盆于晚泥盆世开始闭合,至早石炭世为陆相河湖沉积,晚石炭世一早二叠世为抬升剥蚀阶段.表现为多宝山地区于早石炭世开始造山,晚石炭世晚期或延至早二叠世发生造山后伸展作用.

  13. Origin, Physical, and Mineralogical Nature of Red Clays: The Pacific Ocean Basin as a Model. (Geo-Marine Letters, An International Journal of Marine Geology. Volume 8, Number 4, 1988)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Sedimentation in the Basins Flanking the Solomon Islands Volcanic Arc 139 F. Trlncardl, W. R. Normark Sediment Waves on the Tiber Prodelta Slope...Bay, Maine A. Cramp, C. J. Vltallano, M. B. Coliins Identification and Dispersion of the Campanian Ash Layer (Y-5) in the Sediments of the...shale clasts and quartz arc aeolian in nature and arc derived mainly from Af- rican and Asian shales. Illite-rich argillaceous or shale clasts are

  14. Taphofacies of Lower-Middle Pennsylvanian marine invertebrates from the Monte Alegre and Itaituba formations, part of the outcropped marine sequence of the Tapajós Group (Southern Amazonas Basin, Brazil) - regional palaeoecological models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moutinho, L. P.; Scomazzon, A. K.; Nascimento, S.; Lemos, V. B.

    2016-10-01

    One of the most relevant characteristics of the Pennsylvanian shallow-water carbonates of the Amazonas Basin is its diverse and well preserved invertebrate fossiliferous assemblages. In order to better understand the origin of these fossil concentrations, taphonomic data were obtained along well exposed areas of the uppermost part of the Monte Alegre Formation and basal part of the Itaituba Formation, which, based on conodonts, fusulinids and palynomorphs is of Atokan age. The taphonomic data focused on invertebrate organisms were supported by petrographic analysis. The understanding of the stacking pattern of the strata in the studied section allowed the identification of five type taphofacies, which contributed in the development of regional palaeoecological models, expressed as block-diagrams. These characterize the distribution of the environmental parameters, the composition of the faunal associations and the distribution and amplitude of the taphonomic processes that created the taphonomic signatures of the bioclastic elements throughout the supratidal to lower intertidal/deep subtidal depositional environments pertinent to the studied depositional environment. The regional palaeoecological models here presented are related to the particularities of the depositional environments of the studied rocks and are exclusive for the characterization of this intracratonic basin set influenced by high frequency climatic variations. Lithofacies, biofacies and taphofacies associations also reflect depositional conditions pertinent to the studied regional context, differing from the elements observed in modern intracratonic contexts analogous to the one studied, from different sedimentary basins around the world. Therefore, invertebrate taphonomy, supported by the analysis of sedimentary facies, fulfills the purposes recommended in this work, demonstrating its potential as a tool for palaeoecological analysis in the Pennsylvanian outcropping section in the southern

  15. Iran. The Literacy Corps at Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abhari, Mrs. J. A.

    1975-01-01

    Reviewing the activities of the Literacy Corps in Iran, the article examines the national service organization which has done much to combat illiteracy in rural areas and lower the national rate of illiteracy. (MW)

  16. Dental Corps Structure: Past, Present, and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    mouth extractions with subsequent complete dentures , 155 partial dentures , 897 crowns or bridges, and 1229 scalings and prophylaxes. ɠ> The number... history of professional service to the soldier. In war, the mission of the Dental corps is to preserve the fighting strength by the restoration and...and distinguished history of professional service to the soldier. In war, the mission of the Dental Corps is to preserve the fighting strength by the

  17. Malawi: the Peace Corps challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, R L

    1996-12-01

    An acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention project was begun in Malawi in January 1993 by Peace Corps Malawi. 23 workers strive: 1) to offer health education and counseling with regard to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS in district hospitals, health centers, and health clinics; 2) to encourage the participation of community groups in AIDS prevention, education, and counseling support activities; and 3) to implement AIDS education in primary and secondary schools. Volunteer activities include health education, home-based care, school programs (drama groups, peer counseling), income-generating activities, condom distribution, and formation of district committees and sub-committees. Target groups include women and youth. Sexual health is promoted. Malawian counterparts are being trained by the volunteers to ensure sustainability; local volunteers are becoming important as resources become scarce. The program is becoming decentralized as it moves into the villages, and community groups are increasing in number. Obstacles include: 1) the lack of resources; 2) the fact that the District AIDS Coordinators are also clinical officers and medical assistants and so can serve only part time; 3) the cultural taboos that make discussion of certain topics difficult; 4) the political system; 5) illiteracy among women; 6) drug abuse among youth; and 7) the difficulty of remaining separated from one's work when one is surrounded by clients, including coworkers, who are HIV positive.

  18. The role of the US Army Veterinary Corps in military family pet health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent-Johnson, Nancy A

    2013-01-01

    Even though privately-owned pet care is a lower priority mission than military working dog care, food inspection,and the public health mission, it is still very important,and the one that many Veterinary Corps officers, civil-ian veterinarians, and technicians enjoy the most. The vast majority of veterinarians and technicians went into veterinary medicine because of a love for animals. It is fulfilling to offer guidance to a client with a new puppy or kitten, see a sick pet improve after treatment, and interact with dozens of animals and clients in a day. The services provided by the Army Veterinary Corps in car-ing for pets has expanded over the years and the standard of care has improved as well. It is truly a privilege to serve those who dedicate themselves to the protection of our Nation. The Army Veterinary Corps is indeed proud to provide care to the pets of Warfighters of the Army,Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard; their family members; and our military retirees.

  19. 77 FR 19744 - Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc., Advanced Viral Research Corp., Brantley Capital Corp., Brilliant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... COMMISSION Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc., Advanced Viral Research Corp., Brantley Capital Corp., Brilliant Technologies Corporation, 4C Controls, Inc., and 2-Track Global, Inc.; Order of Suspension of Trading March 29... information concerning the securities of Advanced BioPhotonics, Inc. because it has not filed any...

  20. 78 FR 31997 - Greatmat Technology Corp., Kentucky USA Energy, Inc., Solar Energy Ltd., and Visiphor Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... COMMISSION Greatmat Technology Corp., Kentucky USA Energy, Inc., Solar Energy Ltd., and Visiphor Corp., Order... lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of Solar Energy Ltd. because it has... concerning the securities of Kentucky USA Energy, Inc. because it has not filed any periodic reports...

  1. 77 FR 10598 - BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics... concerning the securities of BIOTECH Holdings Ltd. because it has not filed any annual reports since...

  2. Impact of Quality of Life on the Reenlistment Intentions of Junior Enlisted United States Marines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    junior enlisted Marines, known as ’ Millenials ’ (born after 1981). As illustrated earlier in this thesis, the average age of junior enlisted Marines...is just over 21 years (born after 1980). Thus, many junior enlisted Marines studied in this thesis are likely to belong to the Millenial group...Wilcox (2001) found that, to Millenials , "the greatest appeal of the Marine Corps, and the one that makes the service unique, is ’Self- Improvement

  3. Cretaceous Onlap, Gulf of Mexico Basin [cretonlapg

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The maximum extent of Cretaceous onlap is generalized from Plate 3, Structure at the base and subcrop below Mesozoic marine section, Gulf of Mexico Basin (compiled...

  4. Facies analysis of a Toarcian-Bajocian shallow marine/coastal succession (Bardas Blancas Formation) in northern Neuquén Basin, Mendoza province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bressan, Graciela S.; Kietzmann, Diego A.; Palma, Ricardo M.

    2013-04-01

    Strata of the Bardas Blancas Formation (lower Toarcian-lower Bajocian) are exposed in northern Neuquén Basin. Five sections have been studied in this work. Shoreface/delta front to offshore deposits predominate in four of the sections studied exhibiting a high abundance of hummocky cross-stratified, horizontally bedded and massive sandstones, as well as massive and laminated mudstones. Shell beds and trace fossils of the mixed Skolithos-Cruziana ichnofacies appear in sandstone beds, being related with storm event deposition. Gravel deposits are frequent in only one of these sections, with planar cross-stratified, normal graded and massive orthoconglomerates characterizing fan deltas interstratified with shoreface facies. A fifth outcrop exhibiting planar cross-stratified orthoconglomerates, pebbly sandstones with low-angle stratification and laminated mudstones have been interpreted as fluvial channel deposits and overbank facies. The analysis of the vertical distribution of facies and the recognition of stratigraphic surfaces in two sections in Río Potimalal area let recognized four transgressive-regressive sequences. Forced regressive events are recognized in the regressive intervals. Comparison of vertical distribution of facies also shows differences in thickness in the lower interval among the sections studied. This would be related to variations in accommodation space by previous half-graben structures. The succession shows a retrogradational arrangement of facies related with a widespread transgressive period. Lateral variation of facies let recognize the deepening of the basin through the southwest.

  5. Basin-scale patterns in the abundance of SAR11 subclades, marine Actinobacteria (OM1), members of the Roseobacter clade and OCS116 in the South Atlantic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Robert M; Frazar, Christian D; Carlson, Craig A

    2012-05-01

    Bacterioplankton are major biogeochemical agents responsible for mediating the flux of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and subsequent cycling of nutrients in the oceans. Most information about the composition of bacterioplankton communities has come from studies along well-defined biogeochemical gradients in the northern hemisphere. This study extends observations of spatial and temporal dynamics for SAR11, Actinobacteria and OCS116 in the North Atlantic by demonstrating distinct spatial variability in the abundance and distribution of these and other lineages across the South Atlantic gyre and in the Benguela upwelling system. We identified shifts in SAR11, Actinobacteria, OCS116, SAR86, SAR116 and members of the Roseobacter clade along basin-scale gradients in nutrients, chlorophyll and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Distinct SAR11 subclades dominated the western and eastern regions of the gyre, and Actinobacteria, OCS116 and members of the Roseobacter lineages were most abundant at the deep chlorophyll maxima. SAR86 and SAR116 accounted for a significant fraction of coastal and open ocean communities, respectively, and members of the gamma sulfur oxidizer (GSO) clade persisted in the Benguela upwelling system. These data suggest that distinct communities are partitioned along basin-scale biogeochemical gradients, that SAR11 community structure varies across the gyre and that Actinobacteria, OCS116, and members of the Roseobacter clade are closely associated with phytoplankton in the gyre. © 2012 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  6. Marine redox conditions in the middle Proterozoic ocean and isotopic constraints on authigenic carbonate formation: Insights from the Chuanlinggou Formation, Yanshan Basin, North China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chao; Planavsky, Noah J.; Love, Gordon D.; Reinhard, Christopher T.; Hardisty, Dalton; Feng, Lianjun; Bates, Steven M.; Huang, Jing; Zhang, Qirui; Chu, Xuelei; Lyons, Timothy W.

    2015-02-01

    To improve our understanding of ocean chemistry and biogeochemical cycling following the termination of large-scale Paleoproterozoic iron formation (IF) deposition (∼1.85 billion years ago [Ga]), we conducted a Fe-S-C-Mo geochemical study of the ∼1.65 Ga Chuanlinggou Formation, Yanshan Basin, North China. Despite the cessation of IF deposition, our results suggest the presence of anoxic but non-euxinic (ferruginous) conditions persisted below the surface mixed layer for the deepest portion of the continental rifting basin and that this pattern is apparently independent of the local organic carbon content. However, our paired S-isotope data of carbonate-associated sulfate and pyrite suggest presence of sulfate in pore fluids, which is not consistent with insufficient sulfate for bacterial sulfate reduction in the water column. Despite evidence for deposition under anoxic conditions, sedimentary molybdenum (Mo) concentrations are mostly not enriched relative to average continental crust. This relationship is consistent with the notion that sulfide-dominated conditions in the water column and/or the sediments are required for Mo enrichment and validates past assertions that Mo enrichment patterns in ancient shales track both the local presence and global distribution of euxinia specifically. In addition, we identified extensive diagenetic carbonate precipitation in the upper Chuanlinggou Formation with only moderately negative δ13C values (-3.4 ± 1.4‰). We propose, with support from a numerical model, that these diagenetic carbon isotope values were most likely derived from precipitation of carbonates dominantly in the methanic zone within the sediments. Diagenetic carbonate precipitation in the methanic zone is likely to have been more extensive in the Proterozoic than the Phanerozoic due to porewater oxidant limitation.

  7. Bransfield Basin and Cordilleran Orogenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalziel, I. W.; Austin, J. A.; Barker, D. H.; Christensen, G. L.

    2003-12-01

    Tectonic uplift of the Andean Cordillera was initiated in the mid-Cretaceous with inversion of a composite marginal basin along 7500 km of the continental margin of South America, from Peru to Tierra del Fuego and the North Scotia Ridge. In the southernmost Andes, from 50-56 degrees S, the quasi-oceanic floor of this basin is preserved in the obducted ophiolitic rocks of the Rocas Verdes (Green Rocks) basin. We suggest that the basin beneath Bransfield Strait, 61-64 degrees S, separating the South Shetland Islands from the Antarctic Peninsula, constitutes a modern analog for the Rocas Verdes basin. Marine geophysical studies of Bransfield basin have been undertaken over the past 12 years by the Institute for Geophysics, University of Texas at Austin, under the auspices of the Ocean Sciences Division and United States Antarctic Program, National Science Foundation. These studies have elucidated the structure and evolution of Bransfield basin for comparison with the Rocas Verdes basin, with a view to eventual forward modeling of the evolution of a hypothetical cordilleran orogen by compression and inversion of the basin. These are the processes that can be observed in the tectonic transformation of the Rocas Verdes basin into the southernmost Andean cordillera, as South America moved rapidly westward in an Atlantic-Indian ocean hot-spot reference frame during the mid-Cretaceous. Multi-channel reflection seismic data from the Bransfield basin reveal an asymmetric structural architecture characterized by steeply-dipping normal faults flanking the South Shetlands island arc and gently dipping listric normal faults along the Antarctic Peninsula margin. Normal fault polarity reversals appear to be related to distributed loci of magmatic activity within the basin. This architecture is remarkably similar to that deduced from field structural studies of the Rocas Verdes basin. Notably, the oceanward-dipping, low angle normal faults along the Antarctic Peninsula margin

  8. 塔里木盆地下古生界海相碳酸盐岩油气的特殊性%Particularities of Hydrocarbon in Lower Paleozoic Marine Carbonate Rocks in Tarim Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬光辉; 刘虎; 石晓龙

    2014-01-01

    勘探开发资料的综合分析表明,塔里木盆地寒武系-奥陶系以石灰岩储层为主的碳酸盐岩油气藏复杂多样,不同于世界典型的中新生界海相碳酸盐岩。塔里木盆地下古生界碳酸盐岩在地质条件方面存在四大特性:(1)小克拉通多旋回构造运动,构造改造强烈;(2)烃源岩古老,海西晚期石油资源与喜马拉雅晚期天然气资源造成盆地富油也富气;(3)石灰岩为主的次生改造型储层非均质性极强;(4)埋深大,储盖组合较差。塔里木盆地海相碳酸盐岩油气藏具有四大特性:(1)以非构造油气藏为主;(2)经历多期油气充注与调整改造,流体性质复杂多变;(3)大面积、中低储量丰度的小型油气藏叠置连片;(4)油气水产出复杂,油气产量主要来自少量高效井。%Based on the comprehensive analysis of a great number of exploration and development data, it is shown that the Cambrian-Ordovician limestone-predominated carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs in Tarim Basin are quite multifarious and complicated and they are different from the typical Meso-Cenozoic carbonate reservoirs in the world. The Lower Paleozoic carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs present four particular features in geological conditions in this basin: 1) Multi-period tectonic movements in the small craton have brought about intensive structural reformations on hydrocarbon accumulation. 2) Contributing to the late Hercynian hydrocarbon charge and the late Himalayan gas enrichment, the basin is rich in both oil and gas resources on the basis of ancient Cambrian-Ordovician source rocks. 3) Most of limestone-predominated reservoirs with reformed secondary pores are of low matrix porosity and permeability and excessive heterogeneity. 4) Carbonate reservoirs are deep buried more than 5000m with poor reservoir-cap assemblages in the basin. The Lower Paleozoic reformed marine carbonate reservoirs in the

  9. Approach to the Lower Pliocene marine-continental correlation from southern Spain. The micrommamal site of Alhaurín el Grande-1 (Málaga Basin, Betic Cordillera, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guerra-Merchán, A.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A new micromammal site at Alhaurín el Grande (Málaga, southern Spain located above early Pliocene marine deposits allows an approach to the marine-continental correlation for this age. The early Pliocene marine filling throughout the Málaga Basin is developed in three transgressive-regressive sequences (Pl-1, Pl-2, and Pl-3 units bounded by discontinuities. At the top of the intermediate sequence Pl-2, peaty sediments have yielded fossils of Rodentia, Lagomorpha, Insectivora, and Crocodylia. The presence of Cricetus barrieri Mein & Michaux, 1970 in combination with murids, both of primitive morphology, such as Apodemus gudrunae Van de Weerd, 1976, something clearer (i.e. Occitanomys brailloni Michaux, 1969 and Stephanomys donnezani cordii Ruiz Bustos, 1986, points to an early Ruscinian age(MN14 biozone. Based on the planktonic foraminifers, the biostratigraphic data indicate that marine sediments just below the micromammal beds belong to the the MPl-2 biozone of the early Zanclean. Available paleomagnetic data from the marine sediments show that the micromammal bed must be located between the normal geomagnetic subchron C3n3n (4.89-4.80 Ma and the subchron C3n2n (4.63-4.49 Ma, limiting the age of this site to the late part of the early Zanclean.Un nuevo yacimiento de micromamíferos en Alhaurín el Grande (Málaga, Sur de España situado sobre depósitos marinos del Plioceno inferior permite una aproximación a la correlación marino-continental para esa época. El relleno sedimentario marino del Plioceno inferior en el conjunto de la cuenca de Málaga comprende tres secuencias transgresivas-regresivas (unidades Pl-1, Pl-2 y Pl-3 limitadas por discordancias. A techo de la secuencia intermedia Pl-2, sedimentos turbosos han liberado restos de Rodentia, Lagomorpha, Insectivora y Crocodylia. La presencia de Cricetus barrieri Mein & Michaux, 1970 en asociación con dos múridos, uno con morfología primitiva (Apodemus gudrunae Van de Weerd, 1976 y

  10. Crustal architecture and deep structure of the Namibian continental shelf and adjacent oceanic basins around the landfall of Walvis Ridge from wide-angle seismic and marine magnetotelluric data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Planert, L.; Behrmann, J.; Jegen, M.; Heincke, B.; Jokat, W.; Bialas, J.; Marti, A.

    2012-12-01

    The opening of the South Atlantic ocean basin resulted in voluminous magmatism on the conjugate continental margins of Africa and South America, including the formation of the Parana and Entendeka large igneous provinces (LIPs), the formation of up to 100 km wide volcanic wedges characterized by seaward dipping reflector sequences (SDRs), as well as the formation of paired hotspot tracks on the rifted African and South American plates, the Walvis Ridge and the Rio Grande Rise. Hence, the passive margins bordering the South Atlantic are today considered as type examples for models involving hotspot related continental break-up. However, the presence of volcanic features (SDRs, LIPs) appears to be limited south of the hotspot trails. The resulting segmentation of the margins offers a prime opportunity to study the magmatic signal in space and time, and investigate the interrelation with rift-related deformation. A globally significant question to be adressed here is whether magmatism is the driving force for continental break-up, or whether even rifting with abundant hotspot related magmatism is in principle in response to crustal and lithospheric stretching. In 2010/11, a combination of on-/offshore wide-angle seismic, marine magnetotelluric and on-/offshore seismological data were acquired around the landfall of Walvis Ridge at the Namibian passive continental margin. The set of experiments was designed to provide crustal velocity and conductivity information and to investigate the structure of the upper mantle. In particular, we aimed at identifying deep fault zones and variations in Moho depth, the presence of interleaved sediment layers in SDR sequences as well as magmatic intrusions and underplated material near the continent-ocean transition. The sedimentary portions down to the igneous basement were additionally constrained by coincident single-channel reflection seismic data. Here, we present preliminary results for two wide-angle seismic transects and first

  11. Improved Marine Waters Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazov, Atanas; Yakushev, Evgeniy; Milkova, Tanya; Slabakova, Violeta; Hristova, Ognyana

    2017-04-01

    IMAMO - Improved Marine Waters Monitoring is a project under the Programme BG02: Improved monitoring of marine waters, managed by Bulgarian Ministry of environment and waters and co-financed by the Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area (EEA FM) 2009 - 2014. Project Beneficiary is the Institute of oceanology - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences with two partners: Norwegian Institute for Water Research and Bulgarian Black Sea Basin Directorate. The Project aims to improve the monitoring capacity and expertise of the organizations responsible for marine waters monitoring in Bulgaria to meet the requirements of EU and national legislation. The main outcomes are to fill the gaps in information from the Initial assessment of the marine environment and to collect data to assess the current ecological status of marine waters including information as a base for revision of ecological targets established by the monitoring programme prepared in 2014 under Art. 11 of MSFD. Project activities are targeted to ensure data for Descriptors 5, 8 and 9. IMAMO aims to increase the institutional capacity of the Bulgarian partners related to the monitoring and assessment of the Black Sea environment. The main outputs are: establishment of real time monitoring and set up of accredited laboratory facilities for marine waters and sediments chemical analysis to ensure the ability of Bulgarian partners to monitor progress of subsequent measures undertaken.

  12. National Job Corps Study: The Impacts of Job Corps on Participants' Literacy Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Glazerman; Peter Z. Schochet; John Burghardt

    2000-01-01

    Estimates the impacts of Job Corps on participants' prose, document, and quantitative literacy, which are typically weak for youth entering the program. Finds positive impacts in all three domains and across most key groups of students.

  13. Bryophyte and pteridophyte spores and other palynomorphs in quaternary marine sediments from Campos Basin, southeastern Brazil: Core BU-91-GL-05

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Gonçalves de Freitas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents morphological descriptions and ecological data of cryptogam spores and other non-pollen palynomorphs from Quaternary sediments of Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro, SE Brazil. The ages were derived from biostratigraphy of planktonic foraminifers and two radiocarbon dates, and suggest that sediment deposition started in the last 140,000 years BP. Thirty different types of palynomorphs were identified, described, and photographed: two bryophyte spores (sensu lato; 21 pteridophyte spores; four freshwater microalgae; onePseudoschizaea; and two microfungi. Some of the identified spores (Sphagnum, Blechnum, Cyatheaceae, Dennstaedtiaceae, Lycopodiella, Microgramma, Polypodium, Acrostichum, Pityrogramma, and Lygodium are related to the modern flora found on the northern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, at the Restinga of Jurubatiba, from vegetation types such as shrub swamp/coastal swamp formation, seasonally flooded forest, Clusia and Ericaceae woods, and disturbed vegetation. The freshwater microalgae and the microfungi are also presently recorded from the coastal lagoons of this region. The high spore concentration in slope sediments reflects the intense terrigenous influx, caused by a relative low sealevel during glacial stages. Palynological analysis suggests the presence of taxa from flooded forests and humid areas in the coastal plain during glacial and interglacial stages of the Late Pleistocene.

  14. Mineralogy and fracture development characteristics of marine shale-gas reservoirs: A case study of Lower Silurian strata in southeastern margin of Sichuan Basin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Ling; JIANG Zai-xing; GUO Feng

    2015-01-01

    Mineral contents and fractures of shale from well Yuye-1 and outcrops were examined mainly based on systematic description of the cores and outcrops, and data from experimental analyses. The data enabled us to thoroughly explore the mineralogy and developmental features of shale of the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the study area. The results show that, the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Shale (SLS) in the southeastern margin of Sichuan Basin, China, is primarily characterized by a high content of brittle minerals and a relatively low content of clay minerals. The total content of brittle minerals is approximately 57%, including 27% quartz, 12.2% feldspar, 11.2% carbonate and 2.4% pyrite. The total content of clay minerals reaches 41.6%, composed of illite (23.8%), mixed-layer of illite and smectite (I/S) (10.8%) and chlorite (7.0%). The SLS accommodates the widespread development of various types of fractures, including tectonic fractures, diagenetic fractures, inter-layer fractures and slip fractures. The developmental level of the fracture in the SLS is mainly influenced by faults, lithology, mineral contents and total organic carbon content (TOC) in study area.

  15. 77 FR 60002 - In the Matter of Diomed Holdings, Inc., Dominion Minerals Corp., EnerLume Energy Management Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION In the Matter of Diomed Holdings, Inc., Dominion Minerals Corp., EnerLume Energy Management Corp... current and accurate information concerning the securities of EnerLume Energy Management Corp. because...

  16. 76 FR 65768 - ADS Media Group, Inc., American Enterprise Development Corp., and Arcland Energy Corp.; Order of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... COMMISSION ADS Media Group, Inc., American Enterprise Development Corp., and Arcland Energy Corp.; Order of... lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of ADS Media Group, Inc. because it... securities of American Enterprise Development Corp. because it has not filed any periodic reports since...

  17. Marine Advisor Advantage: Institutionalizing Security Force Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    serve as a plank -holder in the formation of the Marine Corps Training and Advisory Group (MCTAG) which later merged with the Security Cooperation...Focus: The Future of Your Company Depends on It (New York: Harper Business, 1996), 269 54 Max Boot, The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the...Gazette, November, 2011, 44-47. Boot, Max . “Iraq’s Advisor Gap.” Los Angeles Times, October 18, 2006. Boot, Max . The Savage Wars of Peace

  18. Teacher's Handbook. Peace Corps Language Handbook Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Raymond C.

    This handbook is a general introduction to the handbooks, methods, and materials used in Peace Corps language training classes. The first part of the handbook introduces the reader to the nature of language teaching and gives a general introduction to the handbooks. It also provides a more detailed description of the handbooks on (1) communication…

  19. L’imagerie du corps interne.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Slatman

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Les technologies contemporaines de l’image, telles que les ultrasons, l’endoscopie, et autres IRM et scanners, transforment l’image de notre corps. Dans cet article, cette transformation  est particulièrement mise en lumière à partir d’une œuvre de Mona Hatoum intitulée “ Corps étranger ”. Cette œuvre d’art consiste en une projection vidéo d’images endoscopiques de l’intérieur du corps de l’artiste. On dit souvent qu’il est impossible de s’identifier soi-même à partir de ce type d’images dans la mesure où elles sont difficilement reconnaissables comme des parties de son corps propre. Ou encore qu’elles n’appartiennent pas à l’image narcissique du corps. A l’aide d’une analyse phénoménologique et psychanalytique, l’auteur s’attache ici au contraire à montrer que de telles images fournissent une image affective de notre corps propre et qu’à travers elles il devient possible d’affronter l’étrangeté de celui-ci.Contemporary imaging technologies, such as ultrasound, endoscopy, MRI, PET or CT scan, transform our ìbody imageî. In this article, this transformation is articulated by means of an analysis of an artwork by Mona Hatoum, entitled Corps Ètranger. This work of art consists of a video projection of endoscopic images of the artistís interior body. It is often claimed that one cannot identify oneself with this kind of images since they are hardly recognizable as parts of oneís own body. As such they do not belong to the narcissistic image of the body. By means of a phenomenological and psychoanalytic analysis, it is here argued, however, that these images provide an affective image of oneís own body in which one can face the strangeness of oneís own body.

  20. 78 FR 35363 - Marine Mammals; Incidental Take During Specified Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-12

    ... based on standards set forth in the MMPA. The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE), and the Bureau of... investigations of sea ice movement, currents, and meteorology. Most bird and marine mammal surveys will be...

  1. Future Design of the Marine Aviation Logistics Squadron

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    2. 13 Steward, 40. 23 14 Avraham Y. Goldratt Institute, "AGIApplies AIRSpeedMethodology to CVN 21 Design, " The TOC Times (April 2005): http...34Aviation Logistics." Marine Corps Gazette 90, no.5 (May 2006): 41. http://proquest.com/. Avraham Y. Goldratt Institute. "AGIApplies AIRSpeedMethodology

  2. The Amazon at sea: Onset and stages of the Amazon River from a marine record, with special reference to Neogene plant turnover in the drainage basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoorn, Carina; Bogotá-A, Giovanni R.; Romero-Baez, Millerlandy; Lammertsma, Emmy I.; Flantua, Suzette G. A.; Dantas, Elton L.; Dino, Rodolfo; do Carmo, Dermeval A.; Chemale, Farid

    2017-06-01

    The Amazon submarine fan is a large sediment apron situated offshore Pará (Brazil) and represents the most distal extent of the Amazon River. The age of onset of this transcontinental river remains debated, yet is of great importance for understanding biotic evolutionary processes on land and at sea. Here we present new geochemical and palynological data from a borehole drilled at the continental slope and dated based on nannofossil biostratigraphy. We found that sediments of mixed source (craton and adjacent) occur at least from the late Oligocene (NP25) to late Miocene (NN9), and that the earliest Andes-derived sediments occur in NN10 (late Miocene). Our geochemical record indicates an onset of the transcontinental Amazon River between 9.4 and 9 Ma, which postdates the regional unconformity by 1 to 1.5 My. The shift in sediment geochemistry is more gradually replicated in the palynological record by a change from coastal plain and tropical lowland taxa to a mixture of tropical lowland, and montane forest to open Andean taxa. In particular, the appearance of taxa such as Jamesonia and Huperzia, followed by Valeriana, Polylepis-Acaena, Lysipomia and Plantago (with a current altitudinal range from 3200 to 4000 m) suggests the development of open, treeless, vegetation between 9.5 and 5.4 Ma, and highlight the presence of a high Andes in the late Miocene hinterland. Poaceae progressively increased from 9 Ma, with a notable rise from 4 Ma onwards, and percentages well above post-glacial and modern values, particularly between 2.6 and 0.8 Ma. We hypothesize that the rise of the grasses is a basin-wide phenomenon, but that the Plio-Pleistocene expansion of open, treeless vegetation on the Andean slopes and foothills are the main contributor. This rise in grasses was likely caused by climatic fluctuations, and subsequent changes in relief and erosion rates. We conclude that the onset of the Amazon River is coupled with Neogene Andean tectonism and that subsequent

  3. Electric property evidences of carbonification of organic matters in marine shales and its geologic significance: A case study of the Lower Cambrian Qiongzhusi shale in the southern Sichuan Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuman Wang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Searching for some reliable evidences that can verify the carbonification of organic matters in marine shales is a major scientific issue in selecting shale gas fairways in old strata. To this end, based on core, logging and testing data, the electric property of two organic-rich shale layers in the Lower Cambrian Qiongzhusi Fm. and the Lower Silurian Longmaxi Fm. in the southern Sichuan Basin was compared to examine the carbonification signs of organic matters in the Qiongzhusi shale and its influence on gas occurrence in the shales. The following conclusions were reached: (1 the electric property experiment shows that the Qiongzhusi shale in the study area has had carbonification of organic matters. The low resistivity of dry samples from this highly mature organic-rich shale and ultra-low resistivity on downhole logs can be used to directly judge the degree of organic matter carbonification and the quality of source rocks; (2 in the Changning area, the Qiongzhusi shale shows low resistivity of dry samples and low to ultra-low resistivity on logs, indicating that organic matters are seriously carbonized, while in the Weiyuan area, the Qiongzhusi shale shows a basically normal resistivity on log curves, indicating its degree of graphitization between the Longmaxi Fm. and Qiongzhusi Fm. in the Changning area; (3 shale with medium-to-high resistivity is remarkably better than that with ultra-low resistivity in terms of gas generation potential, matrix porosity and gas adsorption capacity; (4 industrial gas flow has been tested in the organic shales with medium-to-high resistivity in the Jianwei–Weiyuan–Tongnan area in the north, where the Qiongzhusi shale is a favorable shale gas exploration target.

  4. TSR versus non-TSR processes and their impact on gas geochemistry and carbon stable isotopes in Carboniferous, Permian and Lower Triassic marine carbonate gas reservoirs in the Eastern Sichuan Basin, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Q. Y.; Worden, R. H.; Jin, Z. J.; Liu, W. H.; Li, J.; Gao, B.; Zhang, D. W.; Hu, A. P.; Yang, C.

    2013-01-01

    The Palaeozoic and lowermost Mesozoic marine carbonate reservoirs of the Sichuan Basin in China contain variably sour and very dry gas. The source of the gas in the Carboniferous, Permian and Lower Triassic reservoirs is not known for certain and it has proved difficult to discriminate and differentiate the effects of thermal cracking- and TSR-related processes for these gases. Sixty-three gas samples were collected and analysed for their composition and carbon stable isotope values. The gases are all typically very dry (alkane gases being >97.5% methane), with low (cracking of sapropelic kerogen-derived oil and primary gas and is highly mature. Carboniferous (and non-sour Triassic and Permian) gas has unusual carbon isotopes with methane and propane being isotopically heavier than ethane (a reversal of typical low- to moderate-maturity patterns). The gas in the non-sour Triassic and Permian reservoirs has the same geochemical and isotopic characteristics (and therefore the same source) as the Carboniferous gas. TSR in the deepest Triassic reservoirs altered the gas composition reaching 100% dryness in the deepest, most sour reservoirs showing that ethane and propane react faster than methane during TSR. Ethane evolves to heavier carbon isotope values than methane during TSR leading to removal of the reversed alkane gas isotope trend found in the Carboniferous and non-sour Triassic and Permian reservoirs. However, methane was directly involved in TSR as shown by the progressive increase in its carbon isotope ratio as gas souring proceeded. CO2 increased in concentration as gas souring proceeded, but typical CO2 carbon isotope ratios in sour gases remained about -4‰ V-PDB showing that it was not solely derived from the oxidation of alkanes. Instead CO2 may partly result from reaction of sour gas with carbonate reservoir minerals, such as Fe-rich dolomite or calcite, resulting in pyrite growth as well as CO2-generation.

  5. Shallow Water Marine UXO Detection Survey, United States Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    rigging tow bar, and a hydrofoil control surface mounted on a 6.7 m (22 ft) ThunderJet® boat. The system was designed to be used with a 6 to 7 m (20 to...in which data collection could be conducted was 1 m (3 ft). The towing system, hydrofoil , and tiller were not designed to withstand greater sea state...platform, a down rigging tow bar, and a hydrofoil control surface mounted on a 6.7 m (22 ft) ThunderJet® boat. The system was designed to be used

  6. The United States Marine Corps in Cyberspace: Every Marine a Cyber Warrior

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    their personal cellular phones. Bank tellers are not necessary as bank customers do their banking on the Internet or use Automated Teller Machines. E...offensive computer network operations. In an October 15,2007 Janes Defense Weekly article, USAF Major General William Lord, Commander, United States Air

  7. Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    analyses are all pre- decisional and have not yet been briefed to senior officials.”22 Postponement of ACV DOD Review23 A Defense Acquisition Board...Carrier (MPC) Congressional Research Service 7 financially hard-pressed to put a turreted cannon on the ACV, which would permit it to destroy

  8. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science ... sustainable coastal development in the region, as well as contributing to the global base of marine science. ..... Gössling S (2003) The political ecology of tourism in Zan-.

  9. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an ... are not limited to: theoretical studies, oceanography, marine biology and ecology, ... consist of special issues on major events or important thematic issues.

  10. Returning to an Apolitical Officer Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-17

    24 Ibid., 355. 25 Ibid., 335-337. 26 Bacevich, “Clinton’s Military Problem,” 36. 9 on homosexuals serving in the military...avoid it. What neither theorist predicted was a conservative officer corps now fully embracing a single political party. Perhaps today’s most...my father was a democrat, my mother a republican, and I am an Episcopalian.” His humor disappeared when the inevitable suggestions surfaced that he

  11. Prairies Water Management on Corps Lands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    include algae, actinomycetes, lichens , and liverworts, which fix nitrogen to a usable form for plant uptake in the nitrogen cycle, break down the detritis...the soil. ERDC TN-EMRRP-ER-11 February 2009 10 Fire is an important component in the management of prairie lands to remove dead thatch and...recycle nutrients back into the soil. Prairie plants and animals have adapted to fire within these ecosystems. The Corps has revised its policy on fire

  12. American Las Vegas Sands Corp. Visiting Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yinghong; Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ On August 29, Wan Jifei, Chairman of CCPIT, meets the visiting delegation led by Sheldon G. Adelson,Chairman of the Board and principal owner of Las Vegas Sands Corp. in CCPIT. Zhao Zhenge, Vice Director of International Connection Department of CCPIT, Luo Guoxiong from Beijing China Exhibition Investment Company, Xu Jingyi, Assistant Director of American and Oceanian Affairs Division of CCPIT, also attended the meeting.

  13. Independent focuses Philippines exploration on Visayan basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rillera, F.G. [Cophil Exploration Corp., Manila (Philippines)

    1995-08-21

    Cophil Exploration Corp., a Filipino public company, spearheaded 1995 Philippine oil and gas exploration activity with the start of its gas delineation drilling operations in Libertad, northern Cebu. Cophil and its Australian partners, Coplex Resources NL and PacRim Energy NL, have set out to complete a seven well onshore drilling program within this block this year. The companies are testing two modest shallow gas plays, Libertad and Dalingding, and a small oil play, Maya, all in northern Cebu about 500 km southeast of Manila. Following a short discussion on the geology and exploration history of the Visayan basin, this article briefly summarizes Cophil`s ongoing Cebu onshore drilling program. Afterwards, discussion focuses on identified exploration opportunities in the basin`s offshore sector.

  14. Continuité ou discontinuité de sémentation marine mio-pliocène en Méditerranée occidentale. L'example du bassin de vera (Espagne méridionale Continuity Or Discontinuity of Io-Pliocene Marine Sedimentation in the Western Mediterranean. Example of the Vera Basin (Southern Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montenat C.

    2006-11-01

    'accentue durant le Messinien, favorisant la naissance de milieux confinés, propices à une sédimentation évaporitique subaquatique. Finalement, on insistera : sur la diversité de la paléogéographie messinienne en Méditerranée occidentale où existent ensemble, toujours sous contrôle tectonique, des sillons marins et des bassins marins évaporitiques à tendance euxinique, des lagunes évaporitiques, des régions à dépôts continentaux sans évaporites. I In the internai zone of the wastern Betic Ranges, the Neogene consists of two cuite different complexes - An early Neogene complex of Early ta Middle Miocene age, always much tectonized. Because of the dislocations and successive erosions it underwent, it is rather seldom preserved ; - A lote Neogene complex corresponding to the lote Miocene and the Pliocene is clearly exposed in several basins. Though it is rather strongly folded, its paleogeographic pattern remains clear. An important compressive orogenic phase thus occurred between the Serravalian and the Tortonian. It was followed by an extension phase that was no less important and, from Upper Miocene times onwards, announces a new period in the paleogeographic history of this part of fhe western Mediterranean area. 2 The Turre and Cuevas del Almanzora sections yield the most complete succession of the lote Neogene in the Vera Basin. In short, the stratigraphic sequence lying unconformably on the pre-Neogene or tectonized early Neogene substratum is as follows, from bottom to top - A conglomeratic phic rocks. continental complex, reddish in color, with blocks of metamor- The lateral presence of marine interbedding with G. acostaensis makes it possible to date it as Tortonian (Tortonian I with G. acostaensis without G. pseudomiocenica ; - Angular unconformity; - Littoral conglomerates, turbidite marls and detrital contain a Tortonian microfauna (Tortonian II with G. miocenica ; - Gray marls with turbidite interbedding. The planktonic foraminiferal assemblage of the

  15. Analysis of Associations Between Contemporaneous Job Corps Performance Measures and Impact Estimates from the National Job Corps Study.

    OpenAIRE

    Jane Fortson; Peter Z. Schochet

    2011-01-01

    Conducted in 1993, the National Job Corps Study (NJCS) found Job Corps improved education and training outcomes, reduced criminal activity, and improved earnings and employment outcomes. However, impacts on key outcomes were not associated with overall center performance measures. This study analyzed the relationship between unadjusted and regression-adjusted Job Corps performance measures and center-level impact estimates from the NJCS and found the adjusted performance ratings were uncorrel...

  16. Army Corps of Engineers: Better Guidance Could Improve Corps’ Information on Water Resources Projects Undertaken by Nonfederal Sponsors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    an increasing share of the agency’s appropriations is used for operations and maintenance . As a result, in recent years, funding for civil works ...Nonfederal Sponsors Why GAO Did This Study Through its Civil Works program, the Corps designs, constructs, and maintains federal water resources...and projects led by nonfederal sponsors from 1986 through 2014 from all 38 Corps districts responsible for civil works ; and interviewed Corps

  17. 75 FR 45111 - Electric Quarterly Reports; Strategic Energy Management Corp.; Solaro Energy Marketing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ...] Electric Quarterly Reports; Strategic Energy Management Corp.; Solaro Energy Marketing Corporation; Notice... Order, the Commission directed Strategic Energy Management Corp. and Solaro Energy Marketing Corporation... Energy Management Corp. and Solaro Energy Marketing Corporation) have failed to file their...

  18. The long wavelength topography of Beethoven and Tolstoj basins, Mercury

    Science.gov (United States)

    André, Sarah L.; Watters, Thomas R.; Robinson, Mark S.

    2005-11-01

    Topography derived from Mariner 10 stereo images is used to characterize the interior structure of two mercurian basins, Beethoven and Tolstoj. Beethoven and Tolstoj basins are shallow (~2.5 km and ~2 km deep, respectively) and relatively flat-floored. Beethoven basin has an interior topographic rise near the northwest margin. The topography of Beethoven and Tolstoj basins is similar to that of lunar mare-filled basins. Well-developed basin-concentric wrinkle ridges and arcuate graben associated with lunar mascons are absent in both Beethoven and Tolstoj basins. The lack of mascon tectonic features suggests that either 1) the mercurian basins have a relatively thin veneer of fill material, 2) Mercury's elastic lithosphere was too strong for significant lithospheric flexure and subsidence to occur, or 3) the basin fill material has little or no density contrast with the surrounding crust and thus exerts little net load on the mercurian lithosphere.

  19. Marine genomics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliveira Ribeiro, Ângela Maria; Foote, Andrew D.; Kupczok, Anne

    2017-01-01

    Marine ecosystems occupy 71% of the surface of our planet, yet we know little about their diversity. Although the inventory of species is continually increasing, as registered by the Census of Marine Life program, only about 10% of the estimated two million marine species are known. This lag......-throughput sequencing approaches have been helping to improve our knowledge of marine biodiversity, from the rich microbial biota that forms the base of the tree of life to a wealth of plant and animal species. In this review, we present an overview of the applications of genomics to the study of marine life, from...... evolutionary biology of non-model organisms to species of commercial relevance for fishing, aquaculture and biomedicine. Instead of providing an exhaustive list of available genomic data, we rather set to present contextualized examples that best represent the current status of the field of marine genomics....

  20. Marine biology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thurman, H.V.; Webber, H.H.

    1984-01-01

    This book discusses both taxonomic and ecological topics on marine biology. Full coverage of marine organisms of all five kingdoms is provided, along with interesting and thorough discussion of all major marine habitats. Organization into six major parts allows flexibility. It also provides insight into important topics such as disposal of nuclear waste at sea, the idea that life began on the ocean floor, and how whales, krill, and people interact. A full-color photo chapter reviews questions, and exercises. The contents are: an overview marine biology: fundamental concepts/investigating life in the ocean; the physical ocean, the ocean floor, the nature of water, the nature and motion of ocean water; general ecology, conditions for life in the sea, biological productivity and energy transfer; marine organisms; monera, protista, mycota and metaphyta; the smaller marine animals, the large animals marine habitats, the intertidal zone/benthos of the continental shelf, the photic zone, the deep ocean, the ocean under stress, marine pollution, appendix a: the metric system and conversion factors/ appendix b: prefixes and suffixes/ appendix c: taxonomic classification of common marine organisms, and glossary, and index.

  1. Marine cosmeceuticals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Se-Kwon

    2014-03-01

    Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed in the cosmetic industry regarding marine-derived cosmetic active ingredients due to their numerous beneficial effects on human skin health. Bioactive substances derived from marine resources have diverse functional roles as natural skin care agents, and these properties can be applied to the development of novel cosmetics as well as nutricosmetics (from edible seaweeds and edible marine animals). This contribution focuses on marine-derived cosmeceutical active ingredients and presents an overview of their health beneficial effects on human skin.

  2. Student Literacy Corps, 1990-1991. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Anabel P.; And Others

    The Indiana University Student Literacy Corps was developed through an existing reading practicum course offered by the school of education through the Reading Practicum center; (2) tutors met or exceeded the time requirements of performing voluntary, uncompensated service each week of the academic term; (3) the corps provided a tutoring service…

  3. Programmatic Issues in Teacher Education: The Texas Teacher Corps Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivarez, Ruben Dario, Ed.

    Various aspects of program planning and implementation in the Texas Teacher Corps Network are explored. The following topics are covered: 1) program conceptualization and design; 2) intern and team leader recruitment; 3) Teacher Corps experiences dealing with graduate admission processes and their implications for change; 4) management of Teacher…

  4. Peace Corps Aquaculture Training Manual. Training Manual T0057.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

    This Peace Corps training manual was developed from two existing manuals to provide a comprehensive training program in fish production for Peace Corps volunteers. The manual encompasses the essential elements of the University of Oklahoma program that has been training volunteers in aquaculture for 25 years. The 22 chapters of the manual are…

  5. Developing Todays Officer Corps for Tomorrows Strategic Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Michael J. Colarusso , “Towards A U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success: Developing Talent,” Strategic Studies Institute, March 2010, 9-10. 27...Winn, “Growing Strategic Leaders”, 77. 71 Casey Wardynski, David S. Lyle, Michael J. Colarusso , “Towards A U.S. Army Officer Corps Strategy for Success

  6. Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-27

    Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities Nicole T. Carter Specialist in Natural Resources Policy...of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities Congressional Research Service Summary The U.S. Army Corps of...congressional attention because its water resource projects can have significant local and regional economic benefits and environmental effects

  7. 20 CFR 638.541 - Job Corps training opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Job Corps training opportunities. 638.541... training opportunities. The Job Corps Director shall develop policies and requirements which will ensure... Training Partnership Act for youth programs; and services supporting participants in the Job...

  8. Marine Litter, Eutrophication and Noise Assessment Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazov, Atanas; Velcheva, Maya; Milkova, Tanya; Slabakova, Violeta; Marinova, Veselka

    2017-04-01

    MARLEN - Marine Litter, Eutrophication and Noise Assessment Tools is a project under the Programme BG02.03: Increased capacity for assessing and predicting environmental status in marine and inland waters, managed by Bulgarian Ministry of environment and waters and co-financed by the Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area (EEA FM) 2009 - 2014. Project Beneficiary is the Institute of oceanology - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences with two partners: Burgas municipality and Bulgarian Black Sea Basin Directorate. Initial assessment of ecological state of Bulgarian marine waters showed lack of data for some descriptors of MSFD. The main goal of MARLEN is to build up tools for assessment of marine environment by implementing new technologies and best practices for addressing three main areas of interest with lack of marine data in particular: a) Marine litter detection and classification in coastal areas; b) Regular near real time surface water eutrophication monitoring on large aquatory; c) Underwater noise monitoring. Developed tools are an important source of real time, near real time and delay mode marine data for Bulgarian Black Sea waters. The partnership within the project increased capacity for environmental assessments and training of personnel and enhances collaboration between scientific institutes, regional and local authorities. Project results supported implementation of MSFD in Bulgarian marine waters for the benefit of coastal population, marine industry, tourism, marine research and marine spatial planning.

  9. Marine source rocks of New Zeland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, A.P.; Norgate, C.; Summons, R.E. (Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Canberra (Australia)) (and others)

    1996-01-01

    Exploration in New Zealand is moving beyond the Taranaki Basin with its mainly terrestrial source rocks. Good to excellent quality marine source rocks exist and have generated oil in the Northland, East Coast W North Taranaki Basins. These high quality source rocks are Wespread throughout the late Cretaceous - Paleocene passive margin sequence in these basins as well in offshore Canterbury and the Great South Basin. This paper details the character, distribution, generative capacity and maturation behavior of the two main source units and shows how they can be correlated to the numerous seeps and oil impregnations found in the East Coast and Northland Basins. As well as being useful in basin modelling, kinetic maturation parameters for these two source rock facies help to explain differences in the biomarker and isotopic composition of seep oils and also explain trends in Rock Eval Tmax which are unrelated to maturity. In the East Coast Basin alone, the raw oil potential of the Waipawa Black Shale approaches 80 billion barrels. An understanding of the marine source rocks described here is crucial to evaluating the hydrocarbon prospectivity of New Zealand away from the Taranaki Basin.

  10. Marine source rocks of New Zeland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, A.P.; Norgate, C.; Summons, R.E. [Australian Geological Survey Organisation, Canberra (Australia)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    Exploration in New Zealand is moving beyond the Taranaki Basin with its mainly terrestrial source rocks. Good to excellent quality marine source rocks exist and have generated oil in the Northland, East Coast W North Taranaki Basins. These high quality source rocks are Wespread throughout the late Cretaceous - Paleocene passive margin sequence in these basins as well in offshore Canterbury and the Great South Basin. This paper details the character, distribution, generative capacity and maturation behavior of the two main source units and shows how they can be correlated to the numerous seeps and oil impregnations found in the East Coast and Northland Basins. As well as being useful in basin modelling, kinetic maturation parameters for these two source rock facies help to explain differences in the biomarker and isotopic composition of seep oils and also explain trends in Rock Eval Tmax which are unrelated to maturity. In the East Coast Basin alone, the raw oil potential of the Waipawa Black Shale approaches 80 billion barrels. An understanding of the marine source rocks described here is crucial to evaluating the hydrocarbon prospectivity of New Zealand away from the Taranaki Basin.

  11. Euxinia and primary production in Upper Cretaceous eastern equatorial Atlantic surface waters fostered orbital-driven formation of marine black shales in the Deep Ivory Basin, ODP Site 959

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Wagner, T.; Hofmann, P.; Beckmann, B.

    2004-01-01

    Euxinia and primary production in Late Cretaceous eastern equatorial Atlantic surface waters fostered orbitally driven formation of marine black shales Thomas Wagner Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany Jaap S. Sinninghe Damst¨¦ Department of Marine Biogeochemistr

  12. 77 FR 4389 - In the Matter of Tornado Gold International Corp., Twin Faces East Entertainment Corp., Universal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION In the Matter of Tornado Gold International Corp., Twin Faces East Entertainment Corp., Universal... that there is a lack of current and accurate information concerning the securities of Tornado Gold...

  13. 78 FR 56263 - HydroGen Corp., QueryObject Systems Corp., Security Intelligence Technologies, Inc., Skins, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION HydroGen Corp., QueryObject Systems Corp., Security Intelligence Technologies, Inc., Skins, Inc... and accurate information concerning the securities of Security Intelligence Technologies, Inc. because...

  14. Faunal migration into the Late Permian Zechstein Basin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Mehlin; Håkansson, Eckart; Stemmerik, Lars

    2007-01-01

    the northern margin of Pangea is used to test hypotheses concerning Late Palaeozoic evolution of the North Atlantic region. During the Permian, the Atlantic rift system formed a seaway between Norway and Greenland from the boreal Barents Shelf to the warm and arid Zechstein Basin. This seaway is considered...... to be the only marine connection to the Zechstein Basin and therefore the only possible migration route for bryozoans to enter the basin. The distribution of Permian bryozoans is largely in keeping with such a connection from the cool Barents Shelf past the East Greenland Basin to the warm Zechstein Basin...

  15. Development of the Mozambique and Ruvuma sedimentary basins, offshore Mozambique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salman, G.; Abdula, I.

    1995-04-01

    Two major sedimentary basins have been identified on the continental margin of Mozambique—Mozambique Basin and Ruvuma Basin. The formation of the basins is related to the break-up of Gondwana and opening of the western part of the Indian Ocean. The basins are relatively young, having developed discordantly to the structural plan of Gondwana sedimentary basins. The history of the formation of the East African continental margin sedimentary basins within Mozambique has been studied on the basis of the present-day concept of Gondwana break-up and Madagascar's drift with respect to Africa. Two stages in the history of the East African basins can be recognized: late-Gondwana and post-Gondwana. The late-Gondwana stage (303-157 Ma) is typified by sedimentary and volcanogenic rocks of the Karoo Group. The post-Gondwana stage (157-0 Ma) corresponds to the period of active Gondwana break-up and the formation of Indian Ocean marginal basins. The Mozambique Basin occupies both central and southern parts of the coastal plain of Mozambique, extending onto the continental shelf and slope. The sedimentary fill is composed of Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous and Cenozoic rocks which discordantly overly the Karoo basalts. The Upper Jurassic occurs as continental red-beds, mostly distributed within buried grabens. Cretaceous rocks occur as terrigenous sediments of continental and marine genesis. Cenozoic deposits are of predominantly marine and deltaic origin. The Ruvuma Basin, situated in the north of Mozambique, is part of an extended East African marginal basin which includes parts of the coastal plains and continental margins of Tanzania and Kenya. The basement of the basin is composed of crystalline and metamorphic rocks of pre-Cambrian age. The sedimentary fill is represented by continental terrigenous Karoo sediments, marine and lagoonal Jurassic deposits, and marine and deltaic rocks of Cretaceous and Cenozoic age. The main difference between the sedimentary fill of the

  16. Marine Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewees, Christopher M.; Hooper, Jon K.

    1976-01-01

    A variety of informational material for a course in marine biology or oceanology at the secondary level is presented. Among the topics discussed are: food webs and pyramids, planktonic blooms, marine life, plankton nets, food chains, phytoplankton, zooplankton, larval plankton and filter feeders. (BT)

  17. Relações solo, superfície geomórfica e substrato geológico na microbacia do ribeirão Marins (Piracicaba - SP Soil, geological substrate and geomorphic surface relationships for the Marins river basin (Piracicaba, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Roberto Teramoto

    2001-06-01

    60-80cm é influenciada principalmente pela natureza química e física do substrato geológico, enquanto que os atributos morfológicos são determinados principalmente pelo relevo. Estas relações se repetem na paisagem da microbacia com características de solo, relevo e litologia semelhantes, permitindo sua extrapolação para outras áreas, contribuindo para futuros levantamentos detalhados de solos que possam vir a ser realizados na região.The relationships between soil, geology and geomorphic surface were studied in the Marins basin of Piracicaba, S.P., Brazil. Soils, parent material, geology and geomorphic surfaces were mapped. Two transects were studied to verify the lateral variation of the soils. Geology derives from Neo-Cenozoic superficial deposits of a loamy sand texture, sandstone belonging to the Piramboia Formation of the São Bento group, with siltstones and shales belonging to the Corumbatai Formation of the Passa Dois group, and colluvial and alluvial sediments. Five geomorphic surfaces were identified. The relationships between soil, parent material, geology and geomorphic surfaces were performed cross-referencing the different maps. These relations were analyzed by comparision to an "uniformity index", specialy developed to verify the inter-relation uniformity. Ten soil units were identified (Oxisol, Ultisol and Inceptisol orders. The Oxisol is related to the neocenozoic cover and surface I, were the relief is almost flat. The Ultisol, with a predominance of a sandy loam texture, is related to the Pirambóia formation sandstone and to surfaces II and III, with gentle slopes. The Incepstisol, with a clayey texture, are associated to the Corumbataí formation siltstone and silex, with IV and V surfaces (ondulating relief. The Incepitsols of varied textures are related to alluvium and colluvium deposits.The relation that exists between the soils and the geomorphic surfaces is represented by the tendency that, the older and more stable the surface

  18. Distribution, Statistics, and Resurfacing of Large Impact Basins on Mercury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassett, Caleb I.; Head, James W.; Baker, David M. H.; Chapman, Clark R.; Murchie, Scott L.; Neumann, Gregory A.; Oberst, Juergen; Prockter, Louise M.; Smith, David E.; Solomon, Sean C.; Strom, Robert G.; Xiao, Zhiyong; Zuber, Maria T.

    2012-01-01

    The distribution and geological history of large impact basins (diameter D greater than or equal to 300 km) on Mercury is important to understanding the planet's stratigraphy and surface evolution. It is also informative to compare the density of impact basins on Mercury with that of the Moon to understand similarities and differences in their impact crater and basin populations [1, 2]. A variety of impact basins were proposed on the basis of geological mapping with Mariner 10 data [e.g. 3]. This basin population can now be re-assessed and extended to the full planet, using data from the MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft. Note that small-to- medium-sized peak-ring basins on Mercury are being examined separately [4, 5]; only the three largest peak-ring basins on Mercury overlap with the size range we consider here. In this study, we (1) re-examine the large basins suggested on the basis of Mariner 10 data, (2) suggest additional basins from MESSENGER's global coverage of Mercury, (3) assess the size-frequency distribution of mercurian basins on the basis of these global observations and compare it to the Moon, and (4) analyze the implications of these observations for the modification history of basins on Mercury.

  19. Marine Ice Atlas for Cook Inlet, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    microwave/imager TDD thawing degree-day USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USCB U.S. Census Bureau USCG U.S. Coast Guard USNO U.S. Naval Observatory WMO...large com- mercial fishing fleet based there. Homer, also a center for tourism , has a population of about 4,800. Marine facilities there include a deep...the importance of commercial navigation, fishing, and tourism access to remote sites around Cook Inlet, the practice continues today with even greater

  20. Hydrocarbon source rocks in marine clastic of the Middle-Upper Ordovician Queerquek Formation in the eastern Tarim Basin, China%塔里木盆地东部中-上奥陶统却尔却克组海相碎屑岩中的有效烃源岩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高志勇; 张水昌; 李建军; 张宝民; 顾乔元; 卢玉红

    2011-01-01

    对塔里木盆地东部中-上奥陶统却尔却克组碎屑岩中多个泥岩样品的热解有机碳分析、英东2井岩心详细描述及多条二维地震剖面的综合解释表明,在巨厚的却尔却克组碎屑岩地层的中下部存在一套累计厚度约100m的海相烃源岩.这套烃源岩总有机碳含量可达1.23%;具有较高的自然伽马值和低电阻率值;在地震剖面上具明显的强相位反射特征.该套烃源岩在塔里木盆地东部均有分布,向东、西两方向分别超覆尖灭于罗西台地边缘和古城-轮古东台地边缘,在南北方向上,分别断失在车尔臣断裂、孔雀河断裂发育处,其中西北缘超覆在孔雀河斜坡处.却尔却克组海相烃源岩是在海侵背景下,大规模海底扇发育间歇期,水体相对安静时沉积的一套深水陆棚-盆地相泥岩.%Hydrocarbon source rocks usually occurred in a marine carbonate environment in Tarim Basin during Ordovician, no effective source rocks have been found in the Middle-Upper Ordovician thick marine clastic. The analysis of pyrolyzed organic carbon in some mudstones systematically sampled from the Queerquek Formation in the eastern Tarim Basin, the detailed observation and description of cores from the Queerquek Formation of Well Yingdong-2, and the comprehensive interpretation of various 2-dimensional seismic sections indicated that a suite of marine hydrocarbon source rocks with a total accumulated thickness of nearly 100m occurs at the middle and lower parts of the Middle-Upper Ordovician thick Queerquek marine clastic. This suite of source rocks, which has TOC as high as 1.23%, is electronically characterized by a higher natural gamma-ray value and lower electric resistivity, indicating a relatively pure mudstone, and is obviously of high amplitude reflection in seismic sections. Widely distributed in the eastern Tarim Basin, these source rocks overlapped and pinched out eastward in the Luoxi platform margin and westward in

  1. Le corps à l'époque moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Krampl

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available GénéralitésAriès Philippe, Bejin André (dir., Sexualités occidentales, Paris, Seuil, 1982.Coenen Marie-Thérèse (dir., Corps de femmes, sexualité et contrôle social, Bruxelles, 2002.Comar Philippe, Les images du corps, Paris, Gallimard, « Découvertes », 1993.Cordier Pierre, Jahan Sébastien (dir., La blessure corporelle. Violences, souffrances, symboles et représentations, Poitiers, GERHICO, 2003.Le corps en morceaux, n° thématique de la revue Terrain, 18, mars 1992.Dauphin Cécile, Farge Arl...

  2. Eocene (Lutetian) Shark-Rich Coastal Paleoenvironments of the Southern North Sea Basin in Europe: Biodiversity of the Marine Fürstenau Formation Including Early White and Megatooth Sharks

    OpenAIRE

    C. G. Diedrich

    2012-01-01

    The Fürstenau Formation (Lutetian, Paleogene, Eocene) is based on type sections near Fürstenau in Germany (central Europe) and is built of 22 meter thick marine glauconitic and strongly bioturbated sands, clays, and a vertebrate-rich conglomerate bed. The conglomerate layer from the Early Lutetian transgression reworked Lower Cretaceous, and Paleogene marine sediments. It is dominated by pebbles from the locally mountains which must have been transported by an ancient river in a delta fan. Ma...

  3. Understanding Systems Theory for U.S. Marines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Available: http://home.no.net/tacops/Taktikk/Kadettarbeid/naveh.htm Piaget , Jean . Structuralism, New York: Harper Collins, 1958. *Scales, MGen...CONCLUSIONS EXPRESSED HEREIN ARE THOSE OF THE INDIVIDUAL STUDENT AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REPRESENT THE VIEWS OF EITHER THE MARINE CORPS COMMAND...FROM, OR REPRODUCTION OF ALL OR ANY PART OF THIS DOCUMENT IS PERMITTED PROVIDED PROPER ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IS MADE. ii Acknowledgement This paper

  4. Water use in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, 2010, and water-use trends, 1985-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Stephen J.

    2016-02-25

    The Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River Basin encompasses about 20,230 square miles in parts of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Increasing population growth and agricultural production from the 1970s to 2010 has prompted increases in water-resources development and substantially increased water demand in the basin. Since the 1980s, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are parties to litigation concerning water management in the ACF River Basin.

  5. The Transformation from Civilian to United States Marine: A Conscious, Organized and Systematic Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    field, recruits continue to build discipline, a sense of teamwork, 12 and a warrior spirit through martial arts training, close order drill and...The seven graduation requirements are: earn a tan belt in the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program, complete combat water survival requirements, qualify

  6. The Command & Control of Aggregated Marine Expeditionary Units. Is Anyone Available Today?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    Composting MEUs) .....................................................38 Appendix 3 (Explanation of Compositing MAGTF phases...this paper will review the 1985 document Guidelines for Compositing a MAGTF because this document focused on compositing MEUs together instead of...purposes. Based upon the Fall 2010 Force Structure Review , the US Marine Corps planned to organize and form five regionally based MEB CEs that would

  7. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Science features state-of-the-art review articles and short communications. ... The last couple of years have been a time of change for the Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine ...... planning under future sea level predictions, coastal sci-.

  8. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an avenue for the wide dissem- ination of high .... great barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda), and the giant ...... Smale MJ, Watson G, Hecht T (1995) Otolith atlas of.

  9. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to optimize nucleic acid extraction protocols from marine gastropods, present an original .... to altering the balance between the coral host and its ... ber of agents, namely, bacteria, viruses, protozoa or .... Normally, WP starts at the base of the.

  10. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sustainable coastal development in the region, as well as contributing to the global base of marine science. The journal .... 48% maize flour, 3% cassava flour, 3% vitamins (Premix for broilers) ..... resulting in inappropriate dietary energy utiliza-.

  11. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between humans and the coastal and marine environment. ... dissemination of knowledge generated through research activities at the ... Science (WIOJMS), as a special issue entitled “Coral reefs of Mauritius in a .... tion and damage.

  12. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between humans and the coastal and marine environment. In addition ... impact on recreational activities, natural resources ..... area affects dispersion of nutrients in the waters off .... Bell P (1992) Eutrophication and coral reefs: some exam-.

  13. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sustainable coastal development in the region, as well as contributing to the global .... scientific understanding for sustainable use and management of marine resources in a globally chang- .... (2005) Effects of geography, taxa, water flow, and.

  14. Marine geology

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, V.P.; Shankar, R.

    Significant scientific contributions in Marine Geology in India during the Nineties have been highlighted in this paper. Sediment trap data collected in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal have provided much understanding about annual sediment fluxes...

  15. Exploration Potential of Marine Source Rocks Oil-Gas Reservoirs in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    So far, more than 150 marine oil-gas fields have been found onshore and offshore about 350.The marine source rocks are mainly Paleozoic and Mesozoic onshore whereas Tertiary offshore. Three genetic categories of oil-gas reservoirs have been defined for the marine reservoirs in China: primary reservoirs, secondary reservoirs and hydrocarbon-regeneration reservoirs. And three exploration prospects have also been suggested: (1) Primary reservoirs prospects, which are chiefly distributed in many Tertiary basins of the South China Sea (SCS), the Tertiary shelf basins of the East China Sea (ECS) and the Paleozoic of Tarim basin, Sichuan basin and Ordos basin. To explore large-middle-scale even giant oil-gas fields should chiefly be considered in this category reservoirs. These basins are the most hopeful areas to explore marine oil-gas fields in China, among which especially many Tertiary basins of the SCS should be strengthened to explore. (2) Secondary reservoirs prospects, which are mainly distributed in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic of the Tarim basin, Sichuan basin, Qiangtang basin and Chuxiong basin in western China, of which exploration potential is less than that of the primary reservoirs. (3) Hydrocarbon-regeneration reservoirs prospects, which are chiefly distributed in the Bohai Bay basin, North Jiangsu-South Yellow Sea basin, southern North China basin, Jianghan basin,South Poyang basin in eastern China and the Tarim basin in western China, of which source rocks are generally the Paleozoic. And the reservoirs formed by late-stage (always Cenozoic) secondary hydrocarbon generation of the Paleozoic source rocks should mainly be considered to explore, among which middle-small and small oil-gas fields are the chief exploration targets. As a result of higher thermal evolution of Paleozoic and Mesozoic source rocks, the marine reservoirs onshore are mainly gas fields, and so far marine oil fields have only been found in the Tarim basin. No other than establishing

  16. Analysis of the Effects Special Pays Have on Retention in the Medical Service Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    and Medical Service Corps Professions Officers Special Pays. OPNAV Instruction 7220.17 (December 28, 2005). Special Pay for Medical Corps, Dental ...health and industrial hygiene officers. The specialties focused on in this study, the specialties that receive a special pay, are all located in the...level. 2. OPNAV Instruction 7220.17 The overarching instruction that establishes special pays for Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps

  17. Marketing Communication of the Bernard Family Brewery corp.

    OpenAIRE

    Boučková, Vlasta

    2010-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with analysis of marketing communication and Bernard Family Brewery corp. The goal of this paper work is to detail the various communication tools and evaluate the effectiveness of campaigns.

  18. Corps sans organes et anamnèse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    Je trace certains liens entre le corps sans organes de Deleuze et Guattari et les principes de l’organologie générale que décrit Bernard Stiegler.......Je trace certains liens entre le corps sans organes de Deleuze et Guattari et les principes de l’organologie générale que décrit Bernard Stiegler....

  19. Redefining the Australian Army Officer Corps Allocation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    segment will be a literary review of the trends related to officer corps allocation. It will examine what methods other developed countries are using...segment will review the current Australian corps allocation process. It will evaluate alternate methods for maximizing cadet preferences whilst also...RAAC RAINF RAA 1 7 AAAVN AAAVN RAINF RAAC RAEME 1 8 AACC AACC RACT RAAMC RAAOC 1 9 AACC AACC RASIGS RACT RAAOC 1 10 AUSTINT AUSTINT RAE RAEME RACT

  20. 76 FR 42154 - BioMETRX, Inc., Biopure Corp. (n/k/a PBBPC, Inc.), Distributed Energy Systems Corp., Fortified...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... Holdings Corp., Knobias, Inc., and One IP Voice, Inc. (n/k/a Indian Hill Holdings Corporation); Order of... current and accurate information concerning the securities of One IP Voice, Inc. (n/k/a Indian Hill...

  1. 78 FR 59409 - In the Matter of AcuNetx, Inc., Alliance Pharmaceutical Corp., BBV Vietnam SE.A. Acquisition Corp...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION In the Matter of AcuNetx, Inc., Alliance Pharmaceutical Corp., BBV Vietnam SE.A. Acquisition Corp... information concerning the securities of Alliance Pharmaceutical Corp. because it has not filed any...

  2. Serving in Africa: US Peace Corps in Cameroon Dienst in Afrika: Das US Peace Corps in Kamerun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius A. Amin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on a variety of primary sources including recently declassified documents, interviews in Cameroon, letters, and Peace Corps Volunteers’ personal correspondence, this study examines the service of the US Peace Corps in “Agroforestry” and “Small Enterprise Development” in Cameroon. The study argues that Volunteers were ill trained, ill prepared, and ill equipped for service in Cameroon, and as a result did not achieve Goal 1 of the Peace Corps Act, which calls on the agency to assist developing nations in gaining “trained manpower”. The study has broader implications, as it raises questions about the relevance of Peace Corps-like organizations in Cameroon, and in African nations as a whole. It focuses on Cameroon for a variety of reasons, among which is that Cameroon is one of only three nations in Africa in which Volunteers have served uninterruptedly since 1962.Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Entwicklungshilfepraxis des US Peace Corps in Kamerun in den Bereichen Agroforstwirtschaft und Kleinunternehmen. Er basiert auf Primärquellen, wie erst kürzlich freigegebenen Dokumenten, privaten Korrespondenzen der Entwicklungshelfer („Volunteers“ und Interviews in Kamerun. Der Autor kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die fachliche Qualifikation der Peace-Corps-Entwicklungshelfer nicht angemessen war und dass sie auf ihre Aufgaben in Kamerun schlecht vorbereitet und nur unzureichend ausgerüstet wurden. Aus diesem Grund sei das vorrangige Ziel des Peace Corps – Entwicklungsländer bei der Ausbildung von Arbeitskräften zu unterstützen – gar nicht zu erreichen gewesen. Er stellt darüber hinaus die Frage nach der Relevanz entsprechender Organisationen in Kamerun und in Afrika generell. Der Beitrag konzentriert sich unter anderem deshalb auf Kamerun, weil dies eines der drei Länder Afrikas ist, in denen seit 1962 ununterbrochen Entwicklungshelfer des Peace Corps gearbeitet haben.

  3. Aviation Proof of Concept: The Transition of Marine Corps Aviation Maintenance Computer Assets and Systems into the Navy Marine Corps Intranet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    application OT Operational Test PUK Pack Up Kit RAP Tool Requirements To Award Process Tool RCP Remote Copy Protocol (Cisco) Seat A NMCI desktop...Performance Category: Latency/Packet Loss Increment 1 SLAPC: 107.2 Performance Category: Voice and Video Quality of Service Increment 1 SLAPC: 107.3...in order to transfer data. In the case of MCAF Kaneohe Bay, the portal of RCP 514 was highlighted as one that would require the X-COI solution

  4. Analysis of the United States Marine Corps Continuous Process Improvement Program Applied to the Contracting Process at Marine Corps Regional Contracting Office - Southwest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    errors • Motion study and material handling • Systems for workplace organization (5S approach) • Just-in-time principles • Kaizen methods • Continuous...profitability. Quality Progress, May. Imai, M. (1997). Gemba Kaizen : A commonsense, low-cost approach to management. New York: McGraw-Hill. Lean

  5. Should the United States Marine Corps Refine Its System of Active Component Enlisted Recruitment in Order to Target the Needs of Select Marine Corps Reserve Units?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    and Ground Electronic Warfare) with 45.5%, 43XX (Public Affairs) with 45.4%, and 55XX ( Music ) with 44.6%. Figure 10. MOS Correlation to the...40.38% 1,016 414 40.75% 635 313 49.29% 55 Music 1,409 522 37.05% 1,397 521...abbreviation) PS Prior Service PSMRP Prior Service MOS Retraining Program PSR Prior Service Recruiter RA Reserve Affairs Division (HQMC) RAP

  6. An Analysis of the Contributing Factors to the Fiscal Year 1985 MCDOSET (Marine Corps Disbursing On-Site Examination Teams) Error Rates of the Marine Corps Infantry Battalion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    RATXrE FiMgure 7. monetar Error Pate in Plation to the ’,u’ber of Additional Duties of the Personnel Officer. a൹ no relationship appears to exist...S x z zz z 00- - - .1 0 5 10 15 20 _25 30 35 40 MONETAR !Y ERROR R11ATE Figure 12. Monetary Error Rate in --,lation to the Number of MOS 0131

  7. Shark Hazards on Navy and Marine Corps Operations. A Discussion of the Impact of Shark Hazards on Navy and Marine Corps Operations, Equipment and Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    appreciation for the remarkable capabilities of these animals that are so well adapted to their environment and to the role that they play in that...couen Reerh and.f DelopmentActtvty v/ ARoEA & WRKNITNUMER Surivnal Sae ea holg Lboroileangah amphibious, perainsip 3952bit 11. AUSTRAC (L FCE NAM ANDwe

  8. Otters, Marine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, James A.; Bodkin, James L.; Ben-David, M.; Perrin, William F.; Würsing, Bernd; Thewissen, J.G.M.

    2009-01-01

    The otters (Mustelidae; Lutrinae) provide an exceptional perspective into the evolution of marine living by mammals. Most extant marine mammals (e.g. the cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sirenians) have been so highly modified by long periods of selection for life in the sea that they bear little resemblance to their terrestrial ancestors. Marine otters, in contrast, are more recent expatriates from freshwater habitats and some species still live in both environments. Contrasts among species within the otters, and among the otters, terrestrial mammals, and the more highly adapted pinnipeds and cetaceans provide powerful insights into mammalian adaptations to life in the sea (Estes, 1989). Among the marine mammals, sea otters (Enhydra lutris, Fig. 1) provide the clearest understanding of consumer-induced effects on ecosystem function. This is due in part to opportunities provided by history and in part to the relative ease with which shallow coastal systems where sea otters live can be observed and studied. Although more difficult to study than sea otters, other otter species reveal the connectivity among the marine, freshwater, and terrestrial systems. These three qualities of the otters – their comparative biology, their role as predators, and their role as agents of ecosystem connectivity – are what make them interesting to marine mammalogy.The following account provides a broad overview of the comparative biology and ecology of the otters, with particular emphasis on those species or populations that live in the sea. Sea otters are features prominently, in part because they live exclusively in the sea whereas other otters have obligate associations with freshwater and terrestrial environments (Kenyon, 1969; Riedman and Estes, 1990).

  9. 四川盆地东北部海、陆相储层沥青组成特征及来源%Compositional characteristics and origin of marine and terrestrial solid reservoir bitumen in the northeast Sichuan basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱扬明; 李颖; 郝芳; 邹华耀; 郭彤楼

    2012-01-01

    Solid reservoir bitumens collected from Xujiahe ( Upper Triassic, T,x) , Feixianguan ( Lower Triassic T/) and Chanxing Formation (Upper Permian, P2c) in Puguang and Yuanba gas fields and from Huanglong Formation (Middle Carboniferous, C2/j) in western Hubei-eastern Chongqing region, the northeast of Sichuan basin, were systematically analyzed for bulk and molecular compositions, to investigate their genesis, character and origin. These bitumens are primarily characterized by poor solubility ( ratios of chloroform extract over TOC 1.4% ) and low H/C atomic ratios ( to 24%o, indicating a proportion of them possibly resulted from TSR. Unusual biomarker composition and distribution, such as bimodal distribution in n-alkanes, reduced Pr/Ph value, undifferentiated distribution in steranes and terpanes and reversal isomerization in sterane, are observed in these over-mature bitumens, and thus their conventional geochemical significances appear lost. However, the ratios of 2,6-/2,10-DMP, 1,7-/1,9-DMP and 4-/1-MDBT in aromatic fraction are considered to be useful indicators for biological organic source and sedimentary environment of the source rocks from which the initial oils for the bitumens are derived. The aromatic ratios are relatively high in the bitumens of Xujiahe terrestrial reservoir, indicating a dominant terrigenous source input and oxic depositional environment for their source rocks. In contrast, they are significantly lower in the bitumens of Feixianguan, Changxing and Huanglong marine reaservoirs, suggesting an organic source predominated by aquatic organisms and a reducing condition. According to correlation between bitumens and source rocks by carbon isotopes and relative composition of dibenzothiophene series, the reservoir bitumens in Xujiahe Formation are believed to originate from adjacent source rock within this sequence, and those in Feixianguan and Changxing formations both from Permian source rock. Since Huanglong solid reservoir bitumen studied

  10. US Foreign Policy and Aid to the Peace Corps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald D.A. Schaefer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study examined foreign aid as administered by the US Agency for International Development (USAID through four presidencies, beginning with the Reagan era. Aid dispensed to the Peace Corps for humanitarian purposes was the major focus of the investigation. The research proposed that such aid should continue under the President Barack Obama administration. Approach: The approach taken used both qualitative analyses of the four administrations along with quantitative analyses of the data from USAID. Results: The findings indicated that, while many forms of economic and military assistance had been both used and abused throughout much of American history, the Peace Corps created under President John F. Kennedy presented an exception. However, the Peace Corps had received both benefit and harm as a beneficiary of US foreign aid due to fluctuating economic realities associated with the federal budget. President Reagan was a strong supporter of the Peace Corps; yet, it was “under his watch” that the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Deficit Reduction Act of 1985 was passed, which negatively influenced nearly all forms of economic and military assistance distributed through USAID. Starting with President Clinton’s second term funding for USAID dramatically increased. Conclusion: The Peace Corps was not immune to the adverse effects, but funding also increased under President Clinton. From this time onward, the Peace Corps has enjoyed a high level of political and financial support, a scenario that deserves to be continued under President Obama. This study can help future analyses of the US presidential responses to the giving of assistance to the Peace Corps.

  11. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between humans and the coastal and marine environment. .... Overall, the forest was composed of small trees (mean height 2.6 m; mean DBH 7.45 cm); height and DBH varied sig- nificantly when ... nerable to degradation, because the population density is high .... areas in the estuary included Xefina Grande and Xefina.

  12. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an avenue for the wide dissem- ination of high .... tions at global (e.g. sea temperature, hurricanes) and ..... Jameson SC (1976) Early life history of the giant clams.

  13. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sweden. Cover image: Relief model of the WIO surface that integrates land topography and ocean bathymetry. Amante and ... WIO Journal of Marine Science 14 (1 & 2) 2015 1-9 | L. J. Chauka et al. ... bar, from September 2008 to August 2010.

  14. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between humans and the coastal and marine environment. ... dissemination of knowledge generated through research activities at the ... Science (WIOJMS), as a special issue entitled “Coral reefs of Mauritius in a changing global climate”. .... C – growth anomaly; D – brown band; E - skeletal eroding band affecting A.

  15. Marine envenomations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balhara, Kamna S; Stolbach, Andrew

    2014-02-01

    This article describes the epidemiology and presentation of human envenomation from marine organisms. Venom pathophysiology, envenomation presentation, and treatment options are discussed for sea snake, stingray, spiny fish, jellyfish, octopus, cone snail, sea urchin, and sponge envenomation. The authors describe the management of common exposures that cause morbidity as well as the keys to recognition and treatment of life-threatening exposures.

  16. Marine Science

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chief Editor José Paula | Faculty of Sciences of University of Lisbon, ... Aims and scope: The Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science provides an avenue for the wide dissem- .... in the region are some of the poorest in the world,.

  17. Early, middle, and late Miocene basin development, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bachman, S.B.

    1988-03-01

    Contrary to earlier models of progressive basin development related to northward migration of the Mendocino triple junction, it can now be documented that the major basins of coastal California developed at about the same time in the late Oligocene to early Miocene. This basin development is marked by rapid deepening of basin floors, subsequent changes in depositional facies from nonmarine and shallow marine to deep marine, and widespread volcanism dated at 23-20 Ma. The coastal basins likely formed by rifting and subsidence linked to the proximity of the Farallon-pacific spreading ridge and the subduction of hot young oceanic crust, but cannot be correlated to any existing models of triple junction migration. Indeed, strike-slip restored positions of the coastal basins at their inception indicate that the basins were spread out over about 800 km of the southern coast of California. The Miocene basins were likely larger than the present coastal basins, although their configurations are obscured by late Neogene faulting and erosion. It is likely, however, that paleohighs separated at least some of the margin into proximal and distal basins. With local exceptions, structuring in the Miocene basins was primarily extensional, with widespread strike-slip and thrust tectonics restricted mainly to latest Miocene and younger events. Plate reconstructions suggest several hundred kilometers of transform motion occurred along the California margin during the Miocene, but there is only limited evidence of this movement in the known history of either the basins or the major faults of California. Sedimentation during the Miocene was controlled by both oceanic conditions (biogenic component) and the relative abundance of clastic input. The clastic input was controlled by a combination of proximal vs distal basinal positions, eustatic sea level changes, and local tectonics.

  18. Predicting Success at Marine Security Guard (MSG) School Utilizing the Headquarters Master File (HMF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    omander or HQM assessing the probability of success That any varticula Marine would have at the school. Examples were jiven detailing how to do this...Electronics Schools," CRC 362-Vol.1, Center for Naval Analyses, Arlington, Virginia, October 1978. Shelton, David L., "The Marine Security Guard Program...34 vol.74, no.6, p.73- 7 7, Marine Corps Gazette, Quantico, Virginia, June 1990. 108 Shelton, David L., ’"Thoughts on The MSG roqr.," no.6, p.15-i

  19. Balochistan basin of Pakistan deserves a second look

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quadri, V.N.; Quadri, S.M.G.J.

    1996-09-23

    The event of UMC Pakistan, a unit of United Meridian Corp. of Houston, obtaining an exploration license covering 7,480 sq km in the Gwadar district off Makran in the Balochistan basin is good news. The extent of exploration surveys and drilling place this 300,000 sq km basin in the frontier category with confidence in the area speculative due to inadequate data, although hydrocarbon potential may be regarded as moderate to high by comparison with its analogs in other parts of the world. However, the presence along the Makran coast of spectacular volcanoes spewing gas charged water, if not anything else, justifies a second look, or rather a first for some parts, at the Balochistan basin. The paper describes the tectonics and geology, exploration results, source rocks, reservoir rocks, and play types.

  20. Submarine Landslides in Arctic Sedimentation: Canada Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, David C.; Shimeld, John; Hutchinson, Deborah R.; Lebedova-Ivanova, N; Chapman, C.

    2016-01-01

    Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean is the least studied ocean basin in the World. Marine seismic field programs were conducted over the past 6 years using Canadian and American icebreakers. These expeditions acquired more than 14,000 line-km of multibeam bathymetric and multi-channel seismic reflection data over abyssal plain, continental rise and slope regions of Canada Basin; areas where little or no seismic reflection data existed previously. Canada Basin is a turbidite-filled basin with flat-lying reflections correlateable over 100s of km. For the upper half of the sedimentary succession, evidence of sedimentary processes other than turbidity current deposition is rare. The Canadian Archipelago and Beaufort Sea margins host stacked mass transport deposits from which many of these turbidites appear to derive. The stratigraphic succession of the MacKenzie River fan is dominated by mass transport deposits; one such complex is in excess of 132,000 km2 in area and underlies much of the southern abyssal plain. The modern seafloor is also scarred with escarpments and mass failure deposits; evidence that submarine landsliding is an ongoing process. In its latest phase of development, Canada Basin is geomorphologically confined with stable oceanographic structure, resulting in restricted depositional/reworking processes. The sedimentary record, therefore, underscores the significance of mass-transport processes in providing sediments to oceanic abyssal plains as few other basins are able to do.

  1. 75 FR 69717 - In the Matter of: Edentify, Inc., Embryo Development Corp., Enclaves Group, Inc., Energytec, Inc...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ..., Inc., Embryo Development Corp., Enclaves Group, Inc., Energytec, Inc., Enesco Group, Inc... securities of Embryo Development Corp. because it has not filed any periodic reports since the period...

  2. 77 FR 59690 - Titan Resources International, Corp.; Order of Suspension of Trading

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... COMMISSION Titan Resources International, Corp.; Order of Suspension of Trading September 26, 2012. It... concerning the securities of Titan Resources International, Corp. (``Titan''). Titan is a Wyoming corporation... releases and other public statements concerning Titan's business operations and financial condition....

  3. 28 CFR 92.2 - Am I eligible to apply to participate in the Police Corps?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OF COMMUNITY ORIENTED POLICING SERVICES (COPS) Police Corps Eligibility and Selection Criteria § 92.2... Director has approved a Police Corps plan, and (4) Who is killed in the course of performing policing...

  4. 20 CFR 670.535 - Are Job Corps centers required to establish behavior management systems?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... systems? (a) Yes, each Job Corps center must establish and maintain its own student incentives system to encourage and reward students' accomplishments. (b) The Job Corps center must establish and maintain a...

  5. 77 FR 74168 - Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... history including vaccination history, previous and current illnesses or conditions that may affect... Forest Service Information Collection: Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History AGENCY... information collection, OMB 0596- 0084, Youth Conservation Corps Application and Medical History....

  6. Marines vs. Contractors: An Analysis of a Supply Outsourcing Initiative and its Impact on Cost and Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    mission requirements, while simultaneously reducing inventory and operating expenses” ( Goldratt , 2009, p. 2). Since its inception in 2004, the...Marine Corps Intranet Program is meeting goals and satisfying customers (GAO-07-51). Washington, DC: Author. Goldratt , A. Y. (2009). The Enterprise

  7. Tectono-stratigraphic evolution of an inverted extensional basin: the Cameros Basin (north of Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omodeo Salè, Silvia; Guimerà, Joan; Mas, Ramón; Arribas, José

    2014-09-01

    The Cameros Basin is a part of the Mesozoic Iberian Rift. It is an extensional basin formed during the late Jurassic and early Cretaceous, in the Mesozoic Iberian Rift context, and it was inverted in the Cenozoic as a result of the Alpine contraction. This work aims to reconstruct the tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the basin during the Mesozoic, using new and revised field, geophysical and subsurface data. The construction of a basin-wide balanced section with partial restorations herein offers new insights into the geometry of the syn-rift deposits. Field data, seismic lines and oil well data were used to identify the main structures of the basin and the basin-forming mechanisms. Mapping and cross-sectional data indicate the marked thickness variation of the depositional sequences across the basin, suggesting that the extension of the depositional area varied during the syn-rift stage and that the depocentres migrated towards the north. From field observation and seismic line interpretation, an onlap of the depositional sequences to the north, over the marine Jurassic substratum, can be deduced. In the last few decades, the structure and geometry of the basin have been strongly debated. The structure and geometry of the basin infill reconstructed herein strongly support the interpretation of the Cameros Basin as an extensional-ramp synclinal basin formed on a blind south-dipping extensional ramp. The gradual hanging-wall displacement to the south shifted the depocentres to the north over time, thus increasing the basin in size northwards, with onlap geometry on the pre-rift substratum. The basin was inverted by means of a main thrust located in a detachment located in the Upper Triassic beds (Keuper), which branched in depth with the Mesozoic extensional fault flat. The reconstruction of the tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the Cameros Basin proposed herein represents a synthesis and an integration of previous studies of the structure and geometry of the

  8. Topography of Beethoven and Tolstoj Basins, Mercury: Implications for Lithospheric Flexure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andre, S. L.; Watters, T. R.

    2005-12-01

    Interior structures of two mercurian basins, Beethoven and Tolstoj, are characterized using topography derived from Mariner 10 stereo images. The topography of the two mercurian basins is similar to that of lunar mare-filled basins, such as Serenitatis. In addition to topography, the tectonic features within Beethoven and Tolstoj basins are compared to those of lunar basins. Beethoven and Tolstoj basins exhibit little evidence of deformation compared to Caloris basin and their lunar counterparts. Well-developed basin-concentric wrinkle ridges and arcuate graben are characteristic of many lunar basins and are thought to result from lithospheric flexure in response to the superisostatic load from the mare basalts. The presence of wrinkle ridges in the floor of Caloris basin suggests that the basin interior has undergone compression, possibly the result of subsidence of the interior fill. Because both Beethoven and Tolstoj lack basin-concentric wrinkle ridges and arcuate graben, we suggest that either Mercury's elastic lithosphere was too strong for significant lithospheric flexure and subsidence to occur, or the basin fill material provides little density contrast and thus exerts little net load on the mercurian lithosphere. Compositional evidence from color-derived parameter images of Tolstoj basin indicates that the basin fill has an FeO abundance comparable to that of average mercurian crust. This suggests that the basin fill has a similar density to the surrounding crustal material and that the load may be insufficient to induce flexure.

  9. Advancements in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrographic Survey Capabilities: The SHOALS System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-12

    Advancements in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Hydrographic Survey Capabilities: The SHOALS System JEFF LILLYCROP U.S. Army Corps...the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers has undertaken a joint development program with Canada to construct and field test an operational prototype...hydrographic survey, airborne lidar. Introduction The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for surveying over 40,000 kilometers of federally

  10. The Volunteers. The Peace Corps Educational Television (ETV) Project in Colombia: Two Years of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comstock, George; And Others

    For this report on a two-year Peace Corps project designed to implement educational television (ETV) into Colombia schools, the Peace Corps Volunteers who participated are investigated. The history and experience of these Volunteers in the Peace Corps are sketched first. Next, the consequences for them of serving in a large, integrated, special…

  11. 75 FR 55777 - Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... COMMISSION Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY... Agreement with Pro-Pac Distributing Corp., containing a civil penalty of $125,000.00. DATES: Any interested... STATES OF AMERICA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION In the Matter of: Pro-Pac Distributing Corp...

  12. Cultivating Political Powerhouses: TFA Corps Members Experiences That Shape Local Political Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobsen, Rebecca; White, Rachel; Reckhow, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, Teach for America (TFA) has invested in developing corps members as leaders. Although TFA asks corps members for a two-year commitment, TFA celebrates the achievements of alumni who have gone on to careers in politics, public policy, and advocacy. Thus, many community leaders see the arrival of TFA corps members as having a…

  13. 20 CFR 670.505 - What types of training must Job Corps centers provide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Operations § 670.505 What types of training must Job Corps centers provide? (a) Job Corps centers must provide basic education, vocational and social skills training. The Secretary provides curriculum... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What types of training must Job Corps centers...

  14. 75 FR 74712 - Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... supplemental notice in the above-referenced proceeding, of Planet Energy (Maryland) Corp.'s application for...

  15. 75 FR 74711 - Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market... supplemental notice in the above-referenced proceeding, of Planet Energy (Pennsylvania) Corp.'s application for...

  16. 42 CFR 23.13 - What nondiscrimination requirements apply to National Health Service Corps sites?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What nondiscrimination requirements apply to National Health Service Corps sites? 23.13 Section 23.13 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Corps Personnel § 23.13 What nondiscrimination requirements apply to National Health Service Corps sites...

  17. 75 FR 13805 - Aspen Group Resources Corp., Commercial Concepts, Inc., Desert Health Products, Inc., Equalnet...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... COMMISSION Aspen Group Resources Corp., Commercial Concepts, Inc., Desert Health Products, Inc., Equalnet Communications Corp., Geneva Steel Holdings Corp., Orderpro Logistics, Inc. (n/k/a Securus Renewable Energy, Inc... accurate information concerning the securities of Commercial Concepts, Inc. because it has not filed...

  18. 76 FR 20992 - Sun Chemical Corp.; Filing of Color Additive Petition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Sun Chemical Corp.; Filing of Color Additive Petition AGENCY... announcing that Sun Chemical Corp. has filed a petition proposing that the color additive regulations for D&C... been filed by Sun Chemical Corp., 5020 Spring Grove Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45232. The petition...

  19. Petroleum in the Junggar basin, northwestern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taner, Irfan; Kamen-Kaye, Maurice; Meyerhoff, Arthur A.

    The Junggar basin occupies a large triangular area of some 130 000 km 2 in northwestern China. Situated between the Altay Shan (Altay Range) on the northeast and the Tian Shan (Tian Range) on the southwest, and between lesser ranges around the remainder of its periphery, the Junggar basin is completely intermontane. Its history as a basin began in the Permian, and continued as various uplifts and downwarps evolved. Through the Paleozoic the characteristics of the Junggar basin area were largely geosynclinal and marine. Its post-Permian development took place exclusively in continental regimes. Inhabitants of the Junggar basin have known and utilized its numerous oil and asphalt seeps and its spectacular spreads of asphalt for more than 2000 years, especially in the Karamay-Urho thrust belt near the northwestern rim. The first discovery of oil in the modern sense came at Dushanzi, one of the steeply folded anticlines of theÜrümqi foredeep near the southern rim. The first shallow oil in the Karamay-Urho thrust belt came in 1937, followed by commercial production in the Karamay field in 1955. Output continued to be modest until wells were drilled through local thrusts and reverse faults in the early 1980s. By 1985, cumulative production of the Karamay group of fields had reached 42,000,000 t (metric tonnes) (306,000,000 bbl), with a calculated minimum ultimate recovery of 280,000,000 t (2 billion bbl). Principal production comes from Permian and Triassic strata in continental facies. Apart from marine Mid and Upper Carboniferous strata, source rocks occur mainly in fine-grained lacustrine detrital beds of the Permian, the Triassic, the Jurassic and the Tertiary. Several uplifts and downwarps elsewhere in the Junggar basin remain to be drilled comprehensively. Results from such drilling may enhance the very important position that the Junggar already has attained in the hierarchy of China's onshore basins.

  20. Well logging evaluation of water-flooded layers and distribution rule of remaining oil in marine sandstone reservoirs of the M oilfield in the Pearl River Mouth basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiongyan; Qin, Ruibao; Gao, Yunfeng; Fan, Hongjun

    2017-03-01

    In the marine sandstone reservoirs of the M oilfield the water cut is up to 98%, while the recovery factor is only 35%. Additionally, the distribution of the remaining oil is very scattered. In order to effectively assess the potential of the remaining oil, the logging evaluation of the water-flooded layers and the distribution rule of the remaining oil are studied. Based on the log response characteristics, the water-flooded layers can be qualitatively identified. On the basis of the mercury injection experimental data of the evaluation wells, the calculation model of the initial oil saturation is built. Based on conventional logging data, the evaluation model of oil saturation is established. The difference between the initial oil saturation and the residual oil saturation can be used to quantitatively evaluate the water-flooded layers. The evaluation result of the water-flooded layers is combined with the ratio of the water-flooded wells in the marine sandstone reservoirs. As a result, the degree of water flooding in the marine sandstone reservoirs can be assessed. On the basis of structural characteristics and sedimentary environments, the horizontal and vertical water-flooding rules of the different types of reservoirs are elaborated upon, and the distribution rule of the remaining oil is disclosed. The remaining oil is mainly distributed in the high parts of the structure. The remaining oil exists in the top of the reservoirs with good physical properties while the thickness of the remaining oil ranges from 2–5 m. However, the thickness of the remaining oil of the reservoirs with poor physical properties ranges from 5–8 m. The high production of some of the drilled horizontal wells shows that the above distribution rule of the remaining oil is accurate. In the marine sandstone reservoirs of the M oilfield, the research on the well logging evaluation of the water-flooded layers and the distribution rule of the remaining oil has great practical significance