WorldWideScience

Sample records for basic safety standards

  1. Radiation protection and safety of radiation sources international basic safety standards

    CERN Document Server

    International Atomic Energy Agency. Vienna

    2014-01-01

    The Board of Governors of the IAEA first approved Basic Safety Standards in June 1962; they were published by the IAEA as IAEA Safety Series No. 9. A revised edition was issued in 1967. A third revision was published by the IAEA as the 1982 Edition of IAEA Safety Series No. 9 ; this edition was jointly sponsored by the IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA and the WHO. The next edition was International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources, published by the IAEA as IAEA Safety Series No. 115 in February 1996, and jointly sponsored by the FAO, IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA, PAHO and the WHO.

  2. Transposition of the basic safety standards. Potential impact on French laws and regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godet, J.L.; Perrin, M.M.; Saad, N.; Bardelay, C. [Autorite de Surete Nucleaire (ASN), Paris (France)

    2013-07-01

    The new proposal for a Council Directive laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation is about to be adopted. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive within 4 years after adoption of the final text. As far as France is concerned, these evolutions will mainly impact the labour code (for occupational issues) and the public health code for both legal and regulatory requirements. The most significant improvements of the current version of the project are the introduction of graded approach to regulatory control and the enhancement of requirements for protection against natural radiation sources (in particular exposure to radon and naturally occurring radioactive material). This project also aims at achieving a better harmonisation between Member States for topics such as the organization of radiation protection for workers, the justification of medical devices and non-medical imaging exposure situations. ASN has already identified major issues for the transposition of the Directive concerning both French laws and regulations. Main topics should concern the impact of ICRP terminology (planned exposure situation, existing exposure situation versus lasting exposure situation, reference level versus maximum activity level for exposure to radon..) and the extension of both justification and optimisation principles to new activities involving natural radiation sources, such as industries processing naturally occurring radioactive material. Furthermore, France will have to decide whether it will adjust some positions about the prohibition of nonmedical imaging exposures and the release of materials from regulatory control according to generic values. Indeed, the project mentions the possibility to introduce derogations to those major principles. Finally, and according to the graded approach, the project introduces a new

  3. Adoption and adaptation of the International Basic Safety Standards to Cuban reality; Adopcion y adaptacion de las normas basicas internacionales de seguridad a la realidad cubana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quevedo Garcia, J.R.; Lopez Forteza, Y.; Sarabia Molina, I.; Alonso Gonzalez, I.; Guillen Campos, A. [Centro Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear, La Habana (Cuba)]. E-mail: regulacion@cnsn.cu

    2001-07-01

    The new Cuban regulatory document homologous to the 'International Basic Safety Standards for protection against ionizing radiation and for the safety of radiation sources' (IBSS) will be published in the near future. The document was accomplished on the basis of the IAEA Safety Series No 115 to which text it was performed the needed changes in order adapt it to the national reality in the field of protection and safety. The document is published with the consensus of the principal organizations and entities with specific responsibilities in relation to protection and safety as well as the consensus of the entities providing services in this field. The present paper presents and discusses the basic aspects included in the Cuban document that in one or another way should be considered as precision in reference to the IBSS. (author)

  4. Safety Training: Basic Safety and Access Courses

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Vignes

    2005-01-01

    Objective The purpose of the basic safety courses is to increase awareness for everyone working on the CERN site (CERN staff, associates, outside companies, students and apprentices) of the various existing on-site hazards, and how to recognize and avoid them. Safety course changes The current organization for basic safety courses is changing. There will be two main modifications: the organization of the courses and the implementation of a specific new training course for the LHC machine during the LHC tests and hardware commissioning phase. Organizational changes This concerns the existing basic safety training, currently called level1, level2 and level3. Under the new procedure, a video will be projected in registration building 55 and will run every day at 14.00 and 15.00 in English. The duration of the video will be 50 minutes. The course contents will be the same as the slides currently used, plus a video showing real situations. With this new organization, attendees will systematically follow the...

  5. Safety Training: basic safety and access courses

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Objective The purpose of the basic safety courses is to increase awareness for everyone working on the CERN site (CERN staff, associates, outside companies, students and apprentices) of the various hazards existing on site, and how to recognise and avoid them. Safety course changes The current organisation of basic safety courses is changing. There will be two main modifications: the organisation of the courses and the implementation of a specific new training course for the LHC machine during the LHC tests and hardware commissioning phase. Organisational changes This concerns the existing basic safety training, currently called level 1, level 2 and level 3. Under the new procedure, a video will be projected in registration building 55 and will run every day at 14.00 and 15.00 in English. The duration of the video will be 50 minutes. The course contents will be the same as the slides currently used, plus a video showing real situations. With this new organization, participants will systematically follow...

  6. Fasteners 5 basic standards

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    This 3rd edition of DIN Handbook 193 contains 38 fundamental standards on fasteners, covering such areas as countersinks and counterbores, widths across flats, thread run-outs and thread undercuts, bolt and screw ends, stud ends and tapped holes for compression couplings, driving features, tolerances for screw threads and nomenclature. New to this compilation are DIN 34824 dealing with 12 point sockets for bolts and screws and DIN EN ISO 15065 which reflects current practice in Europe with regard to countersinks for countersunk head screws. Also included for the first time is DIN EN ISO 225 "Fasteners - Bolts, screws, studs and nuts - Symbols and descriptions of dimensions" which, together with DIN ISO 1891, now also incorporates terminology in Chinese, Japanese and Swedish. Four standards have been revised for this edition, among them DIN 918 Supplement 3 which provides information on the current status of European standardization relating to fasteners. DIN Handbook 193 is one of a series of six handbooks on...

  7. Food Safety & Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ An increasing number of people have realized that food safety is an important issue for public health. It not only concerns public health and safety, but also has direct influence on national economic progress and social development. The development and implementation of food safety standards play a vital role in protecting public health, as well as in standardizing and facilitating the sound development of food production and business.

  8. Elevating standards, improving safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Richard

    2014-08-01

    In our latest 'technical guidance' article, Richard Clarke, sales and marketing director at one of the UK's leading lift and escalator specialists, Schindler, examines some of the key issues surrounding the specification, maintenance, and operation of lifts in hospitals to help ensure the highest standards of safety and reliability.

  9. DOE standard: Firearms safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    Information in this document is applicable to all DOE facilities, elements, and contractors engaged in work that requires the use of firearms as provided by law or contract. The standard in this document provides principles and practices for implementing a safe and effective firearms safety program for protective forces and for non-security use of firearms. This document describes acceptable interpretations and methods for meeting Order requirements.

  10. Criticality safety basics, a study guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V. L. Putman

    1999-09-01

    This document is a self-study and classroom guide, for criticality safety of activities with fissile materials outside nuclear reactors. This guide provides a basic overview of criticality safety and criticality accident prevention methods divided into three parts: theory, application, and history. Except for topic emphasis, theory and history information is general, while application information is specific to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Information presented here should be useful to personnel who must know criticality safety basics to perform their assignments safely or to design critically safe equipment or operations. However, the guide's primary target audience is fissile material handler candidates.

  11. Outer Space Traffic Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Paul B.

    2013-09-01

    Management of traffic in outer space is a major safety problem. Traffic is increasing. Most satellites are navigable but they have to co-exist with space debris which is not navigable. We need minimum safety rules for outer space traffic. We have the possible beginnings of international safety standards in the form of national space object tracking; Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) standardization through ICAO and the International Committee on GNSS (ICG); the IADC space debris guidelines; and the proposed Code of Conduct. However, safety could be improved by standards for such activities as licensing launches of satellites into outer space; standards for accident investigation and search and rescue: operational safety zones around space objects such as the International Space Station. This paper describes legal authority for minimum safety standards. It considers safety standards established by private agreements among commercial operators. Finally it examines a number of options for an international forum to establish safety standards, including self-regulation, COPUOS, ICAO, ITU, a space code of conduct, and a new space organization.

  12. Safety Training: Basic safety courses available everyday in building 55

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    One month ago, SC launched the new organization for basic safety courses. A video lasting 50 minutes runs daily at 14.00 and 15.00 in the registration building. The first session started on 13 October. For your information, since the video was first shown, 260 people have attended the English basic safety course. This means an average of 60 people per week. SC would like to thank the Departments who permitted this project to reach its goal, and particularly IT, TS and FI. The French version of this course will run daily from 30 November , at 9:00 am and at 10:00 am. SC would like to thank you all in advance for contributing to change the old habits of the past organization by encouraging people you work with to follow the safety courses upon arrival, and not only on Tuesdays. For more information, please go to the following link: http://safety-commission.web.cern.ch/safety-commission/SC-site/sc_pages/training/basic.html FORMATION EN SECURITE SAFETY TRAINING safety.training@cern.ch

  13. Electrical Safety Standards in focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ A forum, the IEC/ACOS Workshop Ⅷ-IEC safety standards in support of regulatory requirements, was held on May 22nd-23rd 2006 in Beijing to cerate an environment for technical exchange between the regulators and the standard developers with its theme on the following regards :

  14. Safety research basic plan of JNC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) formally succeeded to Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC) on October, 1 1998. This report describes the basic plan for major program of JNC which consists of two parts: management philosophy of the new institute and the latest revised medium term program. In the first part, the primary mission of JNC is to perform its R and D concentrating on fast breeder reactor and its fuel cycle, and treatment and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes, while at the same time giving special consideration to safety. In the second, individual programs in the new basic plan are discussed in detail. The outline and schedule of each program are also attached in the table form. (H. Itami)

  15. Criticality Safety Basics for INL Emergency Responders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valerie L. Putman

    2012-08-01

    This document is a modular self-study guide about criticality safety principles for Idaho National Laboratory emergency responders. This guide provides basic criticality safety information for people who, in response to an emergency, might enter an area that contains much fissionable (or fissile) material. The information should help responders understand unique factors that might be important in responding to a criticality accident or in preventing a criticality accident while responding to a different emergency.

    This study guide specifically supplements web-based training for firefighters (0INL1226) and includes information for other Idaho National Laboratory first responders. However, the guide audience also includes other first responders such as radiological control personnel.

    For interested readers, this guide includes clearly marked additional information that will not be included on tests. The additional information includes historical examples (Been there. Done that.), as well as facts and more in-depth information (Did you know …).

    INL criticality safety personnel revise this guide as needed to reflect program changes, user requests, and better information. Revision 0, issued May 2007, established the basic text. Revision 1 incorporates operation, program, and training changes implemented since 2007. Revision 1 increases focus on first responders because later responders are more likely to have more assistance and guidance from facility personnel and subject matter experts. Revision 1 also completely reorganized the training to better emphasize physical concepts behind the criticality controls that help keep emergency responders safe. The changes are based on and consistent with changes made to course 0INL1226.

  16. Microfinance safety net: back to basics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viola, Deborah; Shi, Qiuhu; Murthy, Padmini

    2013-01-01

    Malnutrition among families living in poorer communities has increased in the past two decades. Initiatives advocated by the World Bank include microfinance programs. Research attributing the success of these programs however, has mixed results. In this article we investigate how additional income provided by microfinance is associated with increased consumption of nondurables for households in rural villages in Bangladesh. For our purposes we compare consumption or money expensed on food, medicine, doctor fees, and smoking. Fisher's least significant difference (LSD) procedure was used to address multiple comparison issues among households. Our findings reinforce the importance of microfinance credit as a safety net. Access to additional income for poor villagers improves the consumption of basic needs as expected, regardless of how many loans are taken; consumption of "bads" remains virtually the same.

  17. Validation of the implementation of the basic standards of national radiological safety in radioactive facilities of the east Cuba; Valoracion de la implementacion de las normas basicas de seguridad radiologica nacionales en instalaciones radiactivas del oriente de Cuba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez G, F.; Fornet R, O.M. [Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente. Delegacion Territorial Holguin, Peralta No.16. Rpto Peralta, C.P. 80400 Holguin (Cuba)]. e-mail: ornuc@citmahlg.holguin.inf.cu

    2006-07-01

    Since with it publication in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba began to govern the Basic Standards of Radiological Safety (NBSR) its have lapsed five years. In it practical implementation, by part of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN), several resources have been applied among those that its find the identification of the nonfulfillment of the requirements of the NBSR in the inspections, the establishment of validity conditions of the authorizations that are granted, emission and the publication of specific Safety Guides by practice. In the work it is carried out a detailed and integral analysis of the execution of those settled down requirements by the Standards in a representative group of radioactive medical and industrial facilities in the east of the country, by means of the valuation of the deficiencies and requirements pointed out in the inspections carried out during those years 2004 and 2005. As a result of the work the particularities of the level of proven implementation of this body are exposed from the point of view of the ARN that one keeps in mind for it later performance and can being of interest for others regulatory authorities. (Author)

  18. Japanese National Safety Standards for Electrical Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junkichi Sumiya

    2006-01-01

    @@ I am working in Japan electrical safety & environment technology laboratory, which is called JET for short. In JET, we are carrying out the safety test of electrical equipment according to Japanese domestic standards or IEC standards. And in my section, our stuff is drafting some national safety standards harmonized with IEC in cooperation with the government. The standards are applied for the mandatory regulation and other schemes.

  19. 75 FR 76185 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview Mirrors; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Parts 571 and 585 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview Mirrors; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Low-Speed Vehicles Phase-In... Parts 571 and 585 RIN 2127-AK43 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview Mirrors; Federal...

  20. Effectiveness of Basic Safety Training among Cruise Line Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Dexter R. Buted

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available – This study aimed to assess the basic safety training among cruise line students in Lyceum of the Philippines University. Specifically, it sought to identify the effectiveness of basic safety training in terms of reaction, behaviour, learning and results; the problems encountered by the respondents’ during their basic safety training; and lastly, propose a program to enhance the BST program among cruise line operation students. The study made use of descriptive method and using the Kirkpatrick Evaluation Training Model. The respondents agreed that the basic safety training programs for cruise line operations students are effective since it enhances their learning and behaviour. The results and reaction coming from the students who underwent basic safety training implies that they are trained and helped by the program. They sometimes experienced problems during their training. However students believed that the institution were proficient in providing programs and have already foreseen the problems that might occur and provided contingency plan for each. A program is proposed to enhance the basic safety training of LPUBatangas. Continuous training may be done for reinforcement of each students and level of organization so that the cruise line students will be more competitive and be more productive. Strict compliance of the cruise line students to the training program may be implemented.

  1. 4 Basic Steps to Food Safety at Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    4 Basic Steps to Food Safety at Home 1. Clean Always wash your food, hands, counters and cooking tools. • Wash hands in warm soapy water for ... microwave • Marinate foods in the fridge. OVER 2012 Food Safety at Home Why should you care about food ...

  2. Research on Standardization of Basic Meteorological Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Chunhu

    2011-01-01

    Current Development of National Meteorological Information Network The national meteorological information network (NMIN) is one of the most important information systems in China's basic meteorological business.Through the construction and development for more than 60 years,the national meteorological information network is beginning to take shape now.The core network in national level has been basically formed,which combines ground wideband network with aerospace satellite communications network all over the country,and the local networks of meteorological departments in different levels have also been developed.

  3. The IAEA radioactive waste safety standards programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tourtellotte, James R.

    1995-12-31

    The IAEA is currently reviewing more than thirty publications in its Safety Series with a view toward consolidating and organizing information pertaining to radioactive waste. the effort is entitled Radioactive Waste Safety Standards programme (RADWASS). RADWASS is a significant undertaking and may have far reaching effects on radioactive waste management both in the international nuclear community and in individual nuclear States. This is because IAEA envisions the development of a consensus on the final document. In this circumstance, the product of RADWASS may ultimately be regarded as an international norm against which future actions of Member States may be measured. This program is organized in five subjects: planning, pre-disposal, disposal, uranium and thorium waste management and decommissioning, which has four levels: safety fundamentals, safety standards, safety guides and safety practices. (author).

  4. 77 FR 21311 - Locomotive Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-09

    ... first public hearing on the subject in mid-1990s to gather information and examine the safety issues... systems since the Locomotive Safety Standards regulation was first published in 1980. See 45 FR 21092. The... granted, an extension of the cleaning, repairing, and testing requirements for pneumatic components of...

  5. Basic Materials for Electromagnetic Field Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-04

    UHF bio- logical effects. VIEM, 1937. 8. Anikin M.M., Varshaver G.S. Basics of a physiotherapy . Medgiz. 1950. 9. Osipov You.A., Ushinskaya O.F. On... strokes a 1 minute. Table. Frequency drift of frog heart beats in dependence from modulations of microwave field and initial frequency of heart...hearts with frequency of beats of 20–30 strokes a 1 minute. 23 EXAMINATIONS IN VIVO It was supposed, that the role of modulation in

  6. 46 CFR 15.1105 - Familiarization and basic safety-training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MANNING REQUIREMENTS Vessels Subject to Requirements of STCW § 15.1105 Familiarization and basic safety... personal survival techniques as set out in the standard of competence under STCW Regulation VI/1; or (2... emergency duties or responsibilities, in accordance with STCW Regulation I/14. (c) On board a...

  7. Basic Ideas on the Development of Safe Service Life Standard for Household Appliances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Yan

    2011-01-01

    GB/T 21097.1 General Rules about the Safe Service Life and Recycling of Household and Similar Electrical Appliances has been promulgated and implemented.The development of the standard has gone through a few main stages,including basic framework,fundamental requirements,supplementation of details and actual implementation.In China,the safety standards for household appliances are basically identical with IEC 60335 standards and cover a wide range of products.Basically,the standards have got in line with international level and have been identically applied for several years.However,there have been no corresponding standards or specific rules concerning the safe service life of household appliances in the international community including industrially developed countries.

  8. Criticality Safety Basics for INL FMHs and CSOs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V. L. Putman

    2012-04-01

    Nuclear power is a valuable and efficient energy alternative in our energy-intensive society. However, material that can generate nuclear power has properties that require this material be handled with caution. If improperly handled, a criticality accident could result, which could severely harm workers. This document is a modular self-study guide about Criticality Safety Principles. This guide's purpose it to help you work safely in areas where fissionable nuclear materials may be present, avoiding the severe radiological and programmatic impacts of a criticality accident. It is designed to stress the fundamental physical concepts behind criticality controls and the importance of criticality safety when handling fissionable materials outside nuclear reactors. This study guide was developed for fissionable-material-handler and criticality-safety-officer candidates to use with related web-based course 00INL189, BEA Criticality Safety Principles, and to help prepare for the course exams. These individuals must understand basic information presented here. This guide may also be useful to other Idaho National Laboratory personnel who must know criticality safety basics to perform their assignments safely or to design critically safe equipment or operations. This guide also includes additional information that will not be included in 00INL189 tests. The additional information is in appendices and paragraphs with headings that begin with 'Did you know,' or with, 'Been there Done that'. Fissionable-material-handler and criticality-safety-officer candidates may review additional information at their own discretion. This guide is revised as needed to reflect program changes, user requests, and better information. Issued in 2006, Revision 0 established the basic text and integrated various programs from former contractors. Revision 1 incorporates operation and program changes implemented since 2006. It also incorporates suggestions, clarifications

  9. Quality Safety Standards of Organic Mango

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kui; LIN; Riji; WEI; Zheng; ZHANG; Zhaojun; HUANG; Yankun; PAN; Daoping; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    This article conducts a brief analysis of the factors that affect the quality safety of organic mango, and discusses the organic production measures for improving the quality and quality safety of mango, including the choice of environment of place of origin, varieties and seedlings, fertilizers and fertilization, plant protection products and other production inputs. A test is carried out in 0.667 hm2 of base in Tianyang County, Baise City. Content of lead, arsenic and 14 kinds of pesticide residue such as BHC in the mango are not detected; the content of heavy metal such as mercury and cadmium is 0.001-0.006 mg/kg. Then the quality and quality safety indicators of organic mango are discussed, and finally the Guangxi local standards of organic mango products are developed.

  10. 16 CFR 1115.8 - Compliance with product safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance with product safety standards. 1115.8 Section 1115.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY... product safety standards. (a) Voluntary standards. The CPSA and other federal statutes administered by...

  11. 77 FR 48105 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motorcycle Helmets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-13

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards... rule amended the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard for motorcycle helmets. Specifically, the final...\\ Final Rule, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motorcycle Helmets, 76 FR 28132 (May 13, 2011)....

  12. 46 CFR 80.25 - Notification of safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... standards, except the 1966 fire safety standards. (ii) This vessel complies with international safety standards developed prior to 1960. There is (or, is not) an automatic sprinkler system fitted in the... international safety standard. There is (or, is not) an automatic sprinkler system fitted in the...

  13. [Basic standards for Colombian paternity testing laboratories, 2005].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giraldo, Alejandro; Bermúdez, Antonio; Jiménez, Magda; Lizarazo, Rocio

    2006-01-01

    The Commission for Accreditation and Surveillance of Laboratories Practicing DNA Paternity Tests (created by the Colombian Law 721/2001) set up sub-commission to review the current basic Colombian standards required for paternity testing laboratories and make specific recommendations re the pertinent technical aspects in Colombia, taking ISO 17025 as current reference. This document contains such recommendations for Colombia.

  14. Cell biology and EMF safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Living cells react defensively and start to synthesize stress proteins when exposed to potentially harmful stimuli. Electromagnetic fields (EMF) are among the many different environmental stimuli that initiate stress protein synthesis. Although there is greater energy transfer and heating due to EMF at higher frequencies, there is no greater stress response. The cellular stress response is far more sensitive to EMF than to an increase in temperature. It should be obvious that an EMF safety standard should be based on the more sensitive, natural biological response.

  15. Implementation of the INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hochhalter, E Eugene

    2000-05-01

    The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) safety analysis units at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are in the process of implementing the recently issued INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard (STD-1107). Safety analyst training and qualifications are integral to the development and maintenance of core safety analysis capabilities. The INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard (STD-1107) was developed directly from EFCOG Training Subgroup draft safety analyst training plan template, but has been adapted to the needs and requirements of the INEEL safety analysis community. The implementation of this Safety Analyst Training Standard is part of the Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) Phase II Implementation currently underway at the INEEL. The objective of this paper is to discuss (1) the INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard, (2) the development of the safety analyst individual training plans, (3) the implementation issues encountered during this initial phase of implementation, (4) the solutions developed, and (5) the implementation activities remaining to be completed.

  16. Implementation of the INEEL safety analyst training standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    E. E. Hochhalter

    2000-04-28

    The Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) safety analysis units at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are in the process of implementing the recently issued INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard (STD-1107). Safety analyst training and qualifications are integral to the development and maintenance of core safety analysis capabilities. The INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard (STD-1107) was developed directly from EFCOG Training Subgroup draft safety analyst training plan template, but has been adapted to the needs and requirements of the INEEL safety analysis community. The implementation of this Safety Analyst Training Standard is part of the Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) Phase II Implementation currently underway at the INEEL. The objective of this paper is to discuss (1) the INEEL Safety Analyst Training Standard, (2) the development of the safety analyst individual training plans, (3) the implementation issues encountered during this initial phase of implementation, (4) the solutions developed, and (5) the implementation activities remaining to be completed.

  17. 75 FR 76692 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ..., and 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety AGENCY... passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, incomplete vehicles, motorcycles, and motor vehicle...

  18. 76 FR 29333 - Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Meetings of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Standards Committee...

  19. 77 FR 37477 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Glazing Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-21

    ... CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Glazing Materials; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal... TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL03 Federal Motor Vehicle.... The changes proposed in this NPRM to the Federal motor vehicle safety standard on glazing...

  20. OSHA Laboratory Standard: Driving Force for Laboratory Safety!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Kenneth R.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Laboratory Safety Standards as the major driving force in establishing and maintaining a safe working environment for teachers and students. (Author)

  1. 75 FR 22317 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 23 CFR Parts 1200 and 1300 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety..., incomplete vehicles, motorcycles, and motor vehicle equipment. DATES: You should submit comments early...

  2. 77 FR 69586 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration..., and motor vehicle equipment. DATES: You should submit comments early enough to ensure that...

  3. Cost Benefit Analysis of Consumer Product Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Betty F.; Dardis, Rachel

    1977-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of cost-benefit analysis in evaluating consumer product safety standards and applys such analysis to an evaluation of flammability standards for children's sleepwear. (Editor)

  4. 19 CFR 12.80 - Federal motor vehicle safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Federal motor vehicle safety standards. 12.80...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Manufactured on Or After January 1, 1968 § 12.80 Federal motor vehicle safety standards. (a)...

  5. Performance standards and meat safety--developments and direction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenson, Ian; Sumner, John

    2012-11-01

    Performance standards have been developed to express, for regulatory purposes, an acceptable level of food safety afforded by either a product or a process. These performance standards have reflected the development of scientific thought on food safety management through setting of microbiological criteria, implementing hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) systems, process control and risk-based management. In meat safety management, some performance standards reflect current risk-based thinking which sets objectives and/or criteria and allows freedom on how those objectives/criteria can be met. However, many performance standards do not reflect current thinking and some perpetuate the idea that meat can be consumed with zero risk.

  6. The History of Infant Formula: Quality, Safety, and Standard Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wargo, Wayne F

    2016-01-01

    Food-related laws and regulations have existed since ancient times. Egyptian scrolls prescribed the labeling needed for certain foods. In ancient Athens, beer and wines were inspected for purity and soundness, and the Romans had a well-organized state food control system to protect consumers from fraud or bad produce. In Europe during the Middle Ages, individual countries passed laws concerning the quality and safety of eggs, sausages, cheese, beer, wine, and bread; some of these laws still exist today. But more modern dietary guidelines and food regulations have their origins in the latter half of the 19th century when the first general food laws were adopted and basic food control systems were implemented to monitor compliance. Around this time, science and food chemistry began to provide the tools to determine "purity" of food based primarily on chemical composition and to determine whether it had been adulterated in any way. Since the key chemical components of mammalian milk were first understood, infant formulas have steadily advanced in complexity as manufacturers attempt to close the compositional gap with human breast milk. To verify these compositional innovations and ensure product quality and safety, infant formula has become one of the most regulated foods in the world. The present paper examines the historical development of nutritional alternatives to breastfeeding, focusing on efforts undertaken to ensure the quality and safety from antiquity to present day. The impact of commercial infant formulas on global regulations is addressed, along with the resulting need for harmonized, fit-for-purpose, voluntary consensus standard methods.

  7. New Standards for Food Safety Inspection & Quarantine Added

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Recently, two industrial standards for inspection and quarantine, including the Requirements on Food Safety Control System and the Guide to Examination & Verification of Food Safety Control System drafted by the joint efforts of Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA), China Import & Export Commodity Inspection Technology Institute and Hebei Inspection & Quarantine Bureau, passed examination and approval. The attending experts believed that these two standards have filled China's gaps respectively in the control of food safety as well as in the examination and inspection of safety control system.

  8. 75 FR 17641 - Updating Fire Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... economy of $100 million or more, or adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local, or...; * * * * * (4) Meet the following additional requirements, if the provisions for One and Two-Family...

  9. 76 FR 23714 - Railroad Safety Appliance Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... technological advancements and ergonomic design standards for new ] car construction and ensuring that modern... incorporating modern ergonomic design standards and technological advancements in construction. II. Statutory... railroad. Many of the modern railcar types that are presently being built to handle railroad traffic do...

  10. New basic safety regulations of radioactive material transport in Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ananiev, V.V. [Div. of the Decommission of Nuclear and Radiation-Hazardous Object of the Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ershov, V.N. [FGUP ' ' Emergency Response Centre' ' , St-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Shvedov, M.O. [Div. of Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2004-07-01

    In the paper the system of normative regulation of radioactive material transport in Russia, basic principles and provisions of the new Russian regulations, available deviations from rules IAEA regulations are briefly considered. The problems, connected with putting in force of the new regulations in practice of transport, including problems of usage earlier designed and manufactured packages are considered as well.

  11. 78 FR 55137 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Ejection Mitigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Ejection Mitigation; Final Rule #0;#0;Federal Register... TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL40 Federal Motor Vehicle... document responds to petitions for reconsideration of a 2011 final rule that established Federal...

  12. 77 FR 54836 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards CFR...; New pneumatic tires for motor vehicles with a GVWR of more than 4,536 kilograms (10,000 pounds)...

  13. Safety effects of road design standards in Europe.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegman, F.C.M. & Slop, M.

    2003-01-01

    This paper deals with the result of a study carried out for the European Commission by the SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, in cooperation with a number of other European institutes, and which was reported in 1994. The title of the study is "Safety Effects of Road Design Standards." The aims

  14. 76 FR 18073 - Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 213 RIN 2130-AC01 Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final...

  15. Mandatory Standards-a "Safety Belt" of Auto

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Standards are closely related with our production and life safety. There are disasters including earthquakes and hurricanes, floods etc., and traffic accidents, epidemics and industrial disasters etc., all surrounding us,which not only bring the material damage to human beings, but also result in tens of thousands injuries and deaths each year. International standardization bodies and countries have developed a lot of standards relating to safety. The role that standards can play in preventing or mitigating such human and material losses is increasingly recognized and their use is rising as a consequence.

  16. 40 CFR 63.523 - Standards for basic liquid resins manufacturers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards for basic liquid resins... National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Epoxy Resins Production and Non-Nylon Polyamides Production § 63.523 Standards for basic liquid resins manufacturers. (a) Owners or operators...

  17. European standardization activities on safety of liquid helium cryostats

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    This talk gives a general overview on the challenges of designing safety units for liquid helium cryostats with regard to existing industry standards. It reviews the work of a national working group that published the technical guideline DIN SPEC 4683 in April 2015, which is dedicated to the particular conditions in liquid helium cryostats. Based on both this guideline and equivalent documents from e.g. CEA, CERN, a working group is being formed at the European Committee for Standardization, associated to CEN/TC 268, which will work on a European standard on safety of liquid helium cryostats. The actual status and the schedule of this project are presented.

  18. The Standard System and Quality and Safety Standards for Banana in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongmei; ZOU; Yongbo; Pan; Zhi; XU; Jinhui; LUO

    2015-01-01

    Banana is an important tropical fruit and China is the world’s third largest banana producer. The standardization level of banana industry not only affects the yield and quality of banana,but also plays an important role in promoting the production standardization and industrialization of other tropical crops. Through the analysis of revision,publicity and implementation of banana standard system in China as well as the study on its standard system and quality and safety standards,it is found that there are some problems such as irrational banana standard structure,short period of validity of standard,low level of quality and safety standards,and loose link between standards and production. At the same time,some recommendations are put forward in order to guide the standardized production and trade,research and management of banana and promote sustained,healthy and stable development of the banana industry in China.

  19. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Consumer Education Efforts for Revised Children's Sleepwear Safety Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

    A study examined the type and extent of consumer education that occurred since the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) amended the 1972 federal safety standards (effective January 1997) to permit marketing of snug-fitting, nonflame-resistant cotton garments as sleepwear. Three voluntary point-of-sale (POS) practices recognized as important…

  20. 30 CFR 6.20 - MSHA acceptance of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LABORATORIES AND NON-MSHA PRODUCT SAFETY STANDARDS § 6.20 MSHA acceptance of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards. (a) MSHA will accept non-MSHA product safety standards, or groups of standards, as equivalent... intent to review any non-MSHA product safety standard for equivalency in the Federal Register for...

  1. ON STANDARD NOMENCLATURE OF BASIC CHINESE MEDICAL TERMS (I)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢竹藩

    2002-01-01

    @@ Editorial Note Traditional Chinese medicine has aroused a worldwide interest. The need for TCM nomenclature to be internationalized and standardized is becoming pressing. The standardizing process involving the flow of culture between China and the Occident, serves as one of the arduous tasks of integrating TCM with Western medicine. CJIM is bound to make contributions to this task and is planning to start a special column regarding this issue. The author of the present serial, Professor XIE, has been assigned by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, P.R. China, a research project on the standardization of TCM nomenclature in English. He has made a comparative study on the English-language terms appearing in the publications in recent decades, and a proposal of the choice terms as the standard. We are looking forward to discussions and comments on this important topic.

  2. Basic Concepts in Early Childhood Educational Standards: A 50-State Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracken, Bruce A.; Crawford, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The incidence of basic concepts in early childhood educational standards is explored across all 50 US states. Concept inclusion in state standards is described in terms of the representation of the universe of basic concepts, representation of concept categories, the depth and breadth of individual concept inclusion, and unique examples.…

  3. Basic prediction techniques in modern video coding standards

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Byung-Gyu

    2016-01-01

    This book discusses in detail the basic algorithms of video compression that are widely used in modern video codec. The authors dissect complicated specifications and present material in a way that gets readers quickly up to speed by describing video compression algorithms succinctly, without going to the mathematical details and technical specifications. For accelerated learning, hybrid codec structure, inter- and intra- prediction techniques in MPEG-4, H.264/AVC, and HEVC are discussed together. In addition, the latest research in the fast encoder design for the HEVC and H.264/AVC is also included.

  4. Securing Safety - Spaceflight Standards for the Mass Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, G.

    The projected total revenue of the space tourism industry is expected to exceed USD $1 billion by 2021. The vast economic potential of space tourism has fuelled ambitious plans for commercial orbital and suborbital flights, in addition to longer- duration spaceflights on board the International Space Station (ISS) and other planned orbiting habitats. International and national legal frameworks are challenged to provide regulations to ensure minimum standards of spaceflight safety for a high risk activity that aims to enter the mainstream tourism market. Thrown into the mix are various considerations of the number of spaceflight participants per flight, the economic viability of stringent safety standards, the plethora of possible flight vehicles and the compensation mechanism in case of violations of safety regulations. This paper surveys the legal challenges in the regulation of safety in commercial manned spaceflight, including issues of jurisdiction, authorization, licensing and liability. Drawing on analogous developments in other fields of law related to international carriage, a safety regulation framework with minimum international standards is proposed. This proposed framework considers both accident avoidance and emergency response in light of international legal, policy and economic perspectives.

  5. 76 FR 49532 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control; Technical Report on the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control; Technical Report on the Effectiveness of Electronic Stability Control Systems for Cars and LTVs... Technical Report on its existing Safety Standard 126, Electronic Stability Control Systems. The...

  6. 76 FR 34890 - Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 213 RIN 2130-AC01 Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties... mandates specific requirements for effective concrete crossties, for rail fastening systems connected to concrete crossties, and for automated inspections of track constructed with concrete crossties. The...

  7. 76 FR 55819 - Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 213 RIN 2130-AC35 Track Safety Standards; Concrete Crossties... concrete crossties, for rail fastening systems connected to concrete crossties, and for automated inspections of track constructed with concrete crossties. This document amends and clarifies the final...

  8. 77 FR 52272 - Safety Standard for Play Yards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... F406-12a, ``Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards.'' The draft... ``a supported sleep surface that attaches to a non-full-size crib or play yard designed to convert the... hazard that resulted in the death of the infant. The requirement and test method apply only to...

  9. DOE standard: Integration of environment, safety, and health into facility disposition activities. Volume 1: Technical standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This Department of Energy (DOE) technical standard (referred to as the Standard) provides guidance for integrating and enhancing worker, public, and environmental protection during facility disposition activities. It provides environment, safety, and health (ES and H) guidance to supplement the project management requirements and associated guidelines contained within DOE O 430.1A, Life-Cycle Asset Management (LCAM), and amplified within the corresponding implementation guides. In addition, the Standard is designed to support an Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS), consistent with the guiding principles and core functions contained in DOE P 450.4, Safety Management System Policy, and discussed in DOE G 450.4-1, Integrated Safety Management System Guide. The ISMS guiding principles represent the fundamental policies that guide the safe accomplishment of work and include: (1) line management responsibility for safety; (2) clear roles and responsibilities; (3) competence commensurate with responsibilities; (4) balanced priorities; (5) identification of safety standards and requirements; (6) hazard controls tailored to work being performed; and (7) operations authorization. This Standard specifically addresses the implementation of the above ISMS principles four through seven, as applied to facility disposition activities.

  10. Basic Laboratory Safety and General Survey of The Turkish Laboratory Safety Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meral Karaman

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Clinical and research laboratory employees have to face various hazards and biological risk factors in the working environment due to laboratory structures and regulations. In order to protect personnelfrom these occupational hazards and laboratory acquired infections, basic microbiological practices which are the major factors of biosafety concept should be well known, appropriate and safe laboratory equipments (primary barriers should be used and functional working areas (secondary barriers should be designed. We have limited data regarding biosafety profiles of the laboratories and laboratory staff in our country. Nevertheless, in the light of the existing studies, it is thought that technical and infrastructural facilities are inadequate and also biosafety levels and related applications are either not well known or not properly carried out by the staff. Implementing theoretically accepted basic microbiological practices, a certain quality and cosciousness level of the staff, continuous in-service training are important factors of a safe and efficient working environment in the laboratories.

  11. Using a Wheelchair as a Seat in a Motor Vehicle: An Overview of Wheelchair Transportation Safety and Related Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Larry

    2007-01-01

    This is the first of a series of six articles on the topic of transportation safety for wheelchair-seated travelers and will highlight some of the basic issues and principles that have been considered in the development of voluntary standards for wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraints systems (WTORS) as well as for wheelchairs that are used as…

  12. Food safety regulations in Australia and New Zealand Food Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Dilip

    2014-08-01

    Citizens of Australia and New Zealand recognise that food security is a major global issue. Food security also affects Australia and New Zealand's status as premier food exporting nations and the health and wellbeing of the Australasian population. Australia is uniquely positioned to help build a resilient food value chain and support programs aimed at addressing existing and emerging food security challenges. The Australian food governance system is fragmented and less transparent, being largely in the hands of government and semi-governmental regulatory authorities. The high level of consumer trust in Australian food governance suggests that this may be habitual and taken for granted, arising from a lack of negative experiences of food safety. In New Zealand the Ministry of Primary Industries regulates food safety issues. To improve trade and food safety, New Zealand and Australia work together through Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and other co-operative agreements. Although the potential risks to the food supply are dynamic and constantly changing, the demand, requirement and supply for providing safe food remains firm. The Australasian food industry will need to continually develop its system that supports the food safety program with the help of scientific investigations that underpin the assurance of what is and is not safe. The incorporation of a comprehensive and validated food safety program is one of the total quality management systems that will ensure that all areas of potential problems are being addressed by industry.

  13. 50 CFR 600.355 - National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false National Standard 10-Safety of Life at Sea... Standards § 600.355 National Standard 10—Safety of Life at Sea. (a) Standard 10. Conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, promote the safety of human life at sea. (b) General....

  14. Codex Alimentarius: food quality and safety standards for international trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randell, A W; Whitehead, A J

    1997-08-01

    Since 1962, the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) of the Food and Agriculture Organisation/World Health Organisation has been responsible for developing standards, guidelines and other recommendations on the quality and safety of food to protect the health of consumers and to ensure fair practices in food trade. The mission of the CAC remains relevant, but a number of factors have shown the need for new techniques to form the basis of food standards, the most important of which is risk analysis. The authors give a brief description of the role and work of the CAC and the efforts deployed by the Commission to respond to the challenges posed by new approaches to government regulation, harmonisation of national requirements based on international standards and the role of civil society.

  15. The use of a basic safety investment model in a practical risk management context

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aven, Terje, E-mail: terje.aven@uis.no [University of Stavanger (Norway); Hiriart, Yolande [University of Franche-Comte, Besancon (France)

    2011-11-15

    We consider a basic model in economic safety analysis: a firm is willing to invest an amount x in safety measures to avoid an accident A, which in the case of occurrence, leads to a loss of size L. The probability of an accident is a function of x. The optimal value of x is determined by minimizing the expected costs. In the paper, we re-examine this model by adopting a practical risk/safety management perspective. We question how this model can be used for guiding the firm and regulators in determining the proper level of investment in safety. Attention is given to issues like how to determine the probability of an accident and how to take into account uncertainties that extend beyond the expected value. It is concluded that the model, with suitable extensions and if properly implemented, provides a valuable decision support tool. By focusing on investment levels and stimulating thereby the generation of alternative risk-reducing measures, the model is considered particularly useful in risk reduction (ALARP) processes. - Highlights: > It is shown how to use a basic investment model in a practical risk management setting. > The model may be a valuable decision support tool if properly implemented. > It guides decision makers on risk reduction and how to determine what is ALARP. > The model stimulates the generation of alternative risk-reducing measures.

  16. 76 FR 23255 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-26

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety... provisions expressly requiring that manufacturers of motor vehicles design license plate holders so that...

  17. New safety standard for coaches; Neuer Sicherheitsstandard im Reisebus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, H.R.; Bartha, E.

    1996-12-01

    This article is about the newly developed Starliner coach from Gottlob Auwaerter GmbH and Co. (Neoplan). The chief priority of the Neoplan engineers was to combine the highest possible standards of safety, both active and passive, with the maximum in passenger comfort. In this article, we shall describe their most important innovations for the improvement of passenger comfort and bus safety. (orig.) [Deutsch] Dieser Beitrag beschaeftigt sich mit dem neu entwickelten Reisebus `Starliner` der Gottlob Auwaerter GmbH + Co. (Neoplan) Oberstes Entwicklungsziel fuer den Starliner war die Verbindung der hoechstmoeglichen aktiven und passiven Sicherheit mit einem maximalen Fahrgastkomfort. Im folgenden werden die wichtigsten innovativen Ideen bezueglich der Erhoehung des Fahrgastkomforts und der Fahrgastsicherheit dargestellt. (orig.)

  18. Current safety standards in infant nutrition--a European perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernell, Olle

    2012-01-01

    Foods intended specifically for infants and young children are considered under European community law and are defined in specific commission directives. In principal, these directives conclude that such foods must be safe, have a special composition, be distinguishable from normal foods, be suitable for fulfilling particular nutritional requirements, and should, when marketed, indicate such suitability. Since infant formulas are intended as the sole source of nutrition during the first months of life, their nutritional adequacy and safety are particularly strictly regulated. The Scientific Committee on Food report from 2003, on which the current commission directive is based, makes clear recommendations on how benefits, suitability, and safety of modifications beyond established standards should be documented and evaluated. These principles resulted in part from a workshop on characterization of infant food modifications in the EU and two position papers by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN). These papers are reviewed below.

  19. 76 FR 55829 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL02 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control Systems AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration... changes to a new Federal motor vehicle safety standard requiring light vehicles to be equipped...

  20. 75 FR 15620 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK62 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... that amended the Federal motor vehicle safety standard for air brake systems by requiring substantial... 37122) amending Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 121, Air Brake Systems, to...

  1. 75 FR 37343 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Occupant Crash Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards... rulemaking submitted by Public Citizen and Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, to amend the Federal motor... systems that are regulated by Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 208, ``Occupant...

  2. 78 FR 9623 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL11 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... published a final rule that amended the Federal motor vehicle safety standard for air brake systems by... published a final rule in the Federal Register amending Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS)...

  3. 30 CFR 6.30 - MSHA listing of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LABORATORIES AND NON-MSHA PRODUCT SAFETY STANDARDS § 6.30 MSHA listing of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards. MSHA evaluated the following non-MSHA product safety standards and determined that they provide... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false MSHA listing of equivalent non-MSHA...

  4. 77 FR 30765 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy... 571 RIN 2127-AK97 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electronic Stability Control Systems for... a new Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 136 to require electronic stability control...

  5. 76 FR 44829 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... Administration 49 CFR Part 571 [Docket No. NHTSA-2009-0175] RIN 2127-AK84 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards... published a final rule that amended the Federal motor vehicle safety standard for air brake systems by... Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 121, Air Brake Systems, to require improved...

  6. A basic study for development of environmental standard review plan of Nuclear Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chang Hyun; Cho, Jae Seon; You, Young Woo [Seoul Nationl Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] (and others)

    1999-12-15

    In this study is performed a basic study to be ready for the development and detail analysis of NUREG-1555 ESRP. As a fundamental research for literature survey and development of draft review plan, review and translation of NUREG-1555 published by NRC, and which is applied to licensing procedure of Nuclear Power Plants are included. These provided the basic information for the developments of the environmental standard review plan.

  7. Safety critical systems handbook a straightforward guide to functional safety : IEC 61508 (2010 edition) and related standards

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, David J

    2010-01-01

    Electrical, electronic and programmable electronic systems increasingly carry out safety functions to guard workers and the public against injury or death and the environment against pollution. The international functional safety standard IEC 61508 was revised in 2010, and this is the first comprehensive guide available to the revised standard. As functional safety is applicable to many industries, this book will have a wide readership beyond the chemical and process sector, including oil and gas, power generation, nuclear, aircraft, and automotive industries, plus project, instrumentation, design, and control engineers. * The only comprehensive guide to IEC 61508, updated to cover the 2010 amendments, that will ensure engineers are compliant with the latest process safety systems design and operation standards* Helps readers understand the process required to apply safety critical systems standards* Real-world approach helps users to interpret the standard, with case studies and best practice design examples...

  8. Biomechanical aspects of techniques of basic figures specializing in the performance of standard dance program.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Portanenko S.S.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Biomechanical analysishasallowed us to study the static stability of the closed position of the dance couple, especially of a partner and partner. Was shown a major differences in the temporal characteristics of each dance in the standard program, a features trajectory and a performance of the basic elements.

  9. GOALDS--goal based damage ship stability and safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papanikolaou, Apostolos; Hamann, Rainer; Lee, Byung Suk; Mains, Christian; Olufsen, Odd; Vassalos, Dracos; Zaraphonitis, George

    2013-11-01

    The new probabilistic damaged stability regulations for dry cargo and passenger ships (SOLAS 2009), which entered into force on January 1, 2009, represent a major step forward in achieving an improved safety standard through the rationalisation and harmonization of damaged stability requirements. There are, however, serious concerns regarding the adopted formulation for the calculation of the survival probability of passenger ships, particularly for ROPAX and large cruise vessels. The present paper outlines the objectives, the methodology of work and main results of the EU-funded FP7 project GOALDS (Goal Based Damaged Stability, 2009-2012), which aims to address the above shortcomings by state-of-the-art scientific methods and by formulating a rational, goal-based regulatory framework, properly accounting for the damage stability properties of passenger ships and the risk of people onboard.

  10. 29 CFR 1960.19 - Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... safety and health. 1960.19 Section 1960.19 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL... EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Standards § 1960.19 Other Federal agency standards affecting occupational safety and health. (a) Where employees of different...

  11. 48 CFR 1371.113 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1371.113 Section 1371.113 Federal Acquisition... CONSTRUCTION AND SHIP REPAIR Provisions and Clauses 1371.113 Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. Insert clause 1352.271-82, Department of Labor Occupational Safety and...

  12. 24 CFR 1005.111 - What safety and quality standards apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What safety and quality standards... URBAN DEVELOPMENT LOAN GUARANTEES FOR INDIAN HOUSING § 1005.111 What safety and quality standards apply? (a) Loans guaranteed under section 184 must be for dwelling units which meet the safety and...

  13. 77 FR 20558 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Platform Lifts for Motor Vehicles; Platform Lift...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AJ93 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Platform Lifts for Motor Vehicles; Platform Lift Installations in Motor Vehicles AGENCY: National.... SUMMARY: This document adopts amendments to the Federal motor vehicle safety standards on platform...

  14. 78 FR 21850 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Matters Incorporated by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL25 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... references to the many standards and practices that are incorporated by reference into the Federal motor... motor vehicle safety standards (FMVSSs) in 49 CFR Part 571 (Part 571).\\1\\ Although this part...

  15. 78 FR 15920 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Tire Selection and Rims

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-13

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AL24 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 110 to make it clear that special trailer... two revisions are appropriate and would not result in any degradation of motor vehicle safety....

  16. The safety relief valve handbook design and use of process safety valves to ASME and International codes and standards

    CERN Document Server

    Hellemans, Marc

    2009-01-01

    The Safety Valve Handbook is a professional reference for design, process, instrumentation, plant and maintenance engineers who work with fluid flow and transportation systems in the process industries, which covers the chemical, oil and gas, water, paper and pulp, food and bio products and energy sectors. It meets the need of engineers who have responsibilities for specifying, installing, inspecting or maintaining safety valves and flow control systems. It will also be an important reference for process safety and loss prevention engineers, environmental engineers, and plant and process designers who need to understand the operation of safety valves in a wider equipment or plant design context. . No other publication is dedicated to safety valves or to the extensive codes and standards that govern their installation and use. A single source means users save time in searching for specific information about safety valves. . The Safety Valve Handbook contains all of the vital technical and standards informat...

  17. Overview of the South African mine health and safety standardization and regulation systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Zhong-xue; LI Jia-jie; LI Cui-ping; LIU Shuang-yue

    2008-01-01

    Outlined the South African mine health and safety regulatory framework, including the roles of government, tripartite council, service agencies, mine enterprises,rescue stations and workers unions, analyzed the institutional structures of South African mine health and safety standardization, including the South African standard and specification systems and standard development processes, and characterized the South African mine health and safety standardization and regulation systems. Intended to provide some suggestions for the transformation and improvement of mine health and safety standardization and regulation systems in China or in similar situations.

  18. 77 FR 40843 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 108; Lamp, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    .... 108; Lamp, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 108, Lamps, reflective devices, and... to vertical aim, luminance of signaling and marking lamps, masking of front turn signals,...

  19. 30 CFR 7.10 - MSHA acceptance of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... General § 7.10 MSHA acceptance of equivalent non-MSHA product safety standards. (a) MSHA will accept non-MSHA product safety standards, or groups of standards, as equivalent after determining that they: (1... protection as those MSHA requirements. (b) MSHA will publish its intent to review any non-MSHA product...

  20. 49 CFR 659.15 - System safety program standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of the rail transit agency's top management. (4) Oversight agency safety and security review section... plan and system security plan. This section includes the process to be used by the affected rail... in the rail transit agency's system safety program plan. The contents of the system safety plan...

  1. CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION OF EDUCATION STANDARDS AS DEFINED BY EDUCATIONAL POLICY FOR BASIC EDUCATION IN MEXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Martínez García

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to think about the educational context in Mexico designed from official sectors with the participation and support of some social actors; the same that has been used tendentiously to construct opinions that support it, justify and show like pertinent the implementation of an educational policy for basic education that has as a core the curricular and learning standards. Policy that were made concrete in 2011 in the document named Agreement No. 592.

  2. Level of knowledge among the population of radiation safety basic issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Zelencova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of research was to determine the level of knowledge among the population on issues like sources of ionising radiation, methods of ionising radiation measurement, measures of self-protection in case of threating or actual radioactive pollution in the district, and to study self-estimation by the population of their knowledge of radiation safety issues. Research was carried out using the method of questioning of population groups in three regions close to the places of previous peaceful nuclear explosions (Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and Tyumen regions, and in five Far East regions of the Russian Federation (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorsky, Magadan and South-Sakhalin regions after radiation accident in Japan at "Fukushima-1" NPP. This research included processing of 243 questionnaires from the regions close to places of previous peaceful nuclear explosions and 216 questionnaires from the Far East regions.The analysis of obtained questioning results enabled to make the following conclusions: the level of knowledge among the population about the basic concepts of radiation safety appeared to be generally low among respondents of all eight territories. Considerable number of respondents in seven groups correctly mentioned the x-ray device as a source of ionising radiation (from 71 to 88 % of answers. In Murmansk region – only 52 % of the answers. Respondents of the same seven groups often correctly answered the question on how to detect ionising radiation (only with devices – from 68 to 98 % in different groups. The smallest number of correct answers to this question (42 % is also noted among respondents from the Murmansk region.Level of knowledge on self-protection measures at threating or actual radioactive pollution of the places of residence appeared a little higher among the Far East region population, who had actual concerns regarding the threat of radioactive pollution at the present time. However, in all eight investigated groups

  3. 42 CFR 493.1773 - Standard: Basic inspection requirements for all laboratories issued a CLIA certificate and CLIA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1773 Standard: Basic inspection... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Basic inspection requirements for all laboratories issued a CLIA certificate and CLIA-exempt laboratories. 493.1773 Section 493.1773 Public...

  4. Preliminary safety information document for the standard MHTGR. Volume 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1986-01-01

    This report contains information concerning: operational radionuclide control; occupational radiation protection, conduct of operations; initial test program; safety analysis; technical specifications; and quality assurance. (JDB)

  5. 77 FR 70914 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Side Impact Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... longitudinal centerline and the same distance from the vehicle's longitudinal centerline, within 10 mm ( 0.4 in... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK82 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... vehicle safety standard for side impact protection. In today's document, we correct a minor error in...

  6. 77 FR 75600 - Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft Cabin Crewmembers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft Cabin Crewmembers; Extension of Comment Period AGENCY... regarding the regulation of some occupational safety and health conditions affecting cabin crewmembers on aircraft by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The comment period is scheduled to close...

  7. 77 FR 71163 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Windshield Zone Intrusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK13 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... rulemaking proposal to rescind Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 219, ``Windshield zone... members included: BMW Group, Chrysler LLC, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz...

  8. 75 FR 50958 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motorcoach Definition; Occupant Crash Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK56 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... Action Plan, NHTSA is issuing this NPRM to propose to amend the Federal motor vehicle safety standard... crash must involve a motor vehicle traveling on a traffic way customarily open to the public, and...

  9. 75 FR 15621 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-30

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK38 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 114 that certain motor vehicles with an automatic transmission..., or ``Act'') was signed into law.\\1\\ This Act relates to several aspects of motor vehicle...

  10. The rationale, development, and standardization of a basic word vocabulary test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupuy, H J

    1974-04-01

    The results of the studies to date indicate that the Basic Word Vocabulary Test provides a range of items in terms of item difficulty levels useful in printed form from about the third grade to the highest educational levels. Since pictorial and orally given vocabulary tests are used from about ages 2 to 8 years, further work should be done to extend the scale downward so that a single comprehensive vocabulary scale ranging from age 2 years to the highest level of verbal development is available for general use. Validation studies should also be conducted with other well-known intelligence tests so that scores can be compared. Alternate forms need to be developed to allow for longitudinal studies of growth and development. The use of a single standard of measurement of vocabulary development, suitable over a wide range of age and ability levels, by different investigators should materially aid in comparing results across studies and samples and lead to more consistent findings, advances in knowledge, and wider application of findings in practical circumstances, The findings presented in this report indicate that the Basic Word Vocabulary Test adequately measures basic word knowledge acquisition and development. The BWVT is suitable for evaluation of individuals and for use in making group comparisons in levels of basic word knowledge attainment, growth, and development.

  11. 75 FR 22291 - Safety Standard for Toddler Beds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... persuasion research has found that the degree of seriousness of a perceived threat plays a significant role... warning compliance. The warning already communicates the safety importance of its content via a safety... firms supplying toddler beds to the United States market. Twenty-nine of the 48 firms are known...

  12. 75 FR 67233 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Head Restraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-02

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK39 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... a set of common symptoms that occur in motor vehicle crashes and involve the soft tissues of the... organization of motor vehicle manufacturers. VSCI is a company that assists small volume vehicle...

  13. 29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Motor... agricultural association to transport any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker shall meet the vehicle...

  14. Effects of Food Safety Standards on Seafood Exports to US, EU and Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Van Nguyen, Anh Thi; Wilson, Norbert L.W.

    2009-01-01

    Estimating the panel gravity model with bilateral pair and country-by-time fixed-effects separately for each seafood product, we found that food safety regulations have differential effects across seafood products. In all three industrialized markets, shrimp is most sensitive, while fish is the least sensitive to changing food safety policies. The enforcement of the US HACCP, the EU Minimum Required Performance Level and the Japanese Food Safety Basic Law caused a loss of 90.45%, 99.47%, and ...

  15. Quality management and safety culture in medicine - Do standard quality reports provide insights into the human factor of patient safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wischet, Werner; Schusterschitz, Claudia

    2009-12-15

    In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published the landmark report "To err is human: building a safer healthcare system" highlighting critical deficiencies within the area of patient safety. As a consequence, safety culture evolved as a core component of quality management in medicine. Purpose of the investigation at hand was to find out to what extent this is reflected in standard quality reports issued by German hospitals providing maximum medical care. Reports issued for the year 2006 were analysed with respect to the appearance of indicators for the presence of a safety culture. Results suggest that despite the huge awareness for patient safety caused by the IOM report, the topic of safety culture does not get the anticipated attention within the quality reports. This may indicate that the current requirements for the quality reports do not facilitate transparency when it comes to the human factor of patient safety.

  16. 19 CFR 12.85 - Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety... Associated Equipment § 12.85 Coast Guard boat and associated equipment safety standards. (a) Applicability of standards or regulations prescribed by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard. Boats and associated equipment...

  17. Food safety standards in the fresh produce supply chain: advantages and disadvantages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Uyttendaele, M.; Jacxsens, L.; Boxstael, Van S.; Kirezieva, K.; Luning, P.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract : Food safety standards in the fresh produce supply chain are discussed in view of the outcomes of a European Union Directorates General (EU DG) Research project FP7 Veg-i-Trade ‘Impact of climate change and international trade on the safety of fresh produce’. Various standards are outlined

  18. R&D for Safety Codes and Standards: Materials and Components Compatibility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Somerday, Brian P. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); LaFleur, Chris [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Marchi, Chris San [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-08-01

    This project addresses the following technical barriers from the Safety, Codes and Standards section of the 2012 Fuel Cell Technologies Office Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan (section 3.8): (A) Safety data and information: limited access and availability (F) Enabling national and international markets requires consistent RCS (G) Insufficient technical data to revise standards.

  19. Handbook of driver assistance systems basic information, components and systems for active safety and comfort

    CERN Document Server

    Hakuli, Stephan; Lotz, Felix; Singer, Christina

    2016-01-01

    This fundamental work explains in detail systems for active safety and driver assistance, considering both their structure and their function. These include the well-known standard systems such as Anti-lock braking system (ABS), Electronic Stability Control (ESC) or Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). But it includes also new systems for protecting collisions protection, for changing the lane, or for convenient parking. The book aims at giving a complete picture focusing on the entire system. First, it describes the components which are necessary for assistance systems, such as sensors, actuators, mechatronic subsystems, and control elements. Then, it explains key features for the user-friendly design of human-machine interfaces between driver and assistance system. Finally, important characteristic features of driver assistance systems for particular vehicles are presented: Systems for commercial vehicles and motorcycles.

  20. 76 FR 174 - NIJ Draft Metal Detector Standards for Public Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... of Justice Programs NIJ Draft Metal Detector Standards for Public Safety AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice and request for comments on the Draft Metal Detector Standards for Public... the following draft standards for metal detectors: 1. Walk-through Metal Detector Standard for...

  1. 77 FR 66638 - The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals; Extension of the Office...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-06

    ... Occupational Safety and Health Administration The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous... the Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals. DATES: Comments must be... collection. Title: The Standard on Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR...

  2. 77 FR 10358 - Acceptance of ASTM F963-11 as a Mandatory Consumer Product Safety Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Chapter II Acceptance of ASTM F963-11 as a Mandatory Consumer Product Safety Standard... ASTM F963-11 standard titled, Standard Consumer Safety Specifications for Toy Safety. Pursuant to section 106 of the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, ASTM F963-11 will become a...

  3. Safety standards of electrical equipment in surface mines. [USSR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhidkov, V.O.; Il' in, Yu.N.; Neyaskin, D.V.

    1985-03-01

    Modified safety regulations developed by the VostNII Institute are discussed. The safety regulations for electrical equipment used in surface coal mines are modifications of general safety regulations in coal surface mining. The modified regulations cover: improved protection from short circuits and grounds in electrical systems with voltage higher than 1000 V, protection systems for heavy-duty electric motors and motors with thyristor control, operation of power shovels on benches with contact systems (hazards of damage to electric cables caused by moving mining equipment), operation of electrical equipment and contact systems on benches at which trucks are used for mine haulage (hazards of damage to electric cables by moving trucks).

  4. 16 CFR 1203.53 - Interim safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...—CAN/CSA-D113.2-M89, (4) Snell Memorial Foundation (Snell) 1990 Standard for Protective Headgear for Use in Bicycling (designation B-90), ( 5) Snell 1990 Standard for Protective Headgear for Use in Bicycling, including March 9, 1994 Supplement (designation B-90S), (6) Snell 1994 Standard for...

  5. 77 FR 52220 - Safety Standard for Play Yards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... not speak or read English. (Response 24)--We are not opposed to the use of multilingual labels. Many... 2008 (CPSIA), also known as the ``Danny Keysar Child Product Safety Notification Act,'' requires the... that may be reasonably expected to be used, by children under the age of 5 years. Play yards are one...

  6. 77 FR 38132 - Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical Pipeline Safety Standards Committee and the Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-26

    ..., 2000 (65 FR 19477) or view the Privacy Notice at http://www.regulations.gov before submitting any such..., 2000 (65 FR 19477). Information on Services for Individuals With Disabilities For information on... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Meeting of the Technical...

  7. Standard model for the safety analysis report of nuclear fuel reprocessing plants; Modelo padrao para relatorio de analise de seguranca de usinas de reprocessamento de combustiveis nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-02-15

    This norm establishes the Standard Model for the Safety Analysis Report of Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Plants, comprehending the presentation format, the detailing level of the minimum information required by the CNEN for evaluation the requests of Construction License or Operation Authorization, in accordance with the legislation in force. This regulation applies to the following basic reports: Preliminary Safety Analysis Report - PSAR, integrating part of the requirement of Construction License; and Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) which is the integrating part of the requirement for Operation Authorization.

  8. 75 FR 38432 - Railroad Safety Appliance Standards, Miscellaneous Revisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... advancements and ergonomic design standards for new car construction and ensure that modern rail equipment... incorporating modern ergonomic design standards and technological advancements in construction. II. Statutory... railroad. Many of the modern railcar types that are presently being built to handle railroad traffic do...

  9. 75 FR 51177 - Safety Standard for Infant Bath Seats; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-19

    ..., 2010 (75 FR 31691). The document established a standard for infant bath seats by incorporating by... published in the Federal Register of June 4, 2010 (75 FR 31691) a final rule establishing a standard for... final rule, this phrase is redundant, and the final rule, therefore eliminates it.'' 75 FR...

  10. The history and evolution of laser safety standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sliney, D. [USA Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Gunpowder, MD (United States)

    2004-07-01

    Laser safety became a concern within a year of the first successful laser operation in 1960. The first biological research studies and publications on eye hazards appeared in 1961. Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) limits, threshold limit values (TLVs), or simply Exposure Limits (ELs) have evolved from the mid 1960s. Regardless of the terminology applied, these limits are now virtually the same worldwide (ICNIRP, 2000; ACGIH, 2000; ANSI, 2000; IEC/EN, 2001). This wide consensus has not always existed. Several issues have remained at the forefront of all efforts to set human exposure limits for laser radiation. These issues include concerns over whether there exists any damage mechanisms that are unique to coherent laser radiation, or can one expect differences between damage produced by a laser when compared to incoherent optical radiation within the same wavelength region. Indeed, questions have always existed with regard to the dominance (within any spectral region and exposure duration) of different damage mechanisms (e.g., thermal, photochemical, thermo-acoustic, optical-breakdown) and the role played by various conventional and non-linear optical phenomena in biological tissues. Other issues relate to the geometry of heat flow, the dissipation of energy and the biological response. Practical laser safety owes much to the development of laser safety classification after it was recognized that the probability of an accidental eye injury was very remote in many applications and measurements of the primary beam did little to identify reflection hazards. Unfortunately, the probabilistic risk analysis that led to the rationale and the definitions of the early laser safety classification scheme are now too frequently overlooked. (orig.)

  11. 100 years of occupational safety research: From basic protections and work analysis to a multilevel view of workplace safety and risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, David A; Burke, Michael J; Zohar, Dov

    2017-03-01

    Starting with initiatives dating back to the mid-1800s, we provide a high-level review of the key trends and developments in the application of applied psychology to the field of occupational safety. Factory laws, basic worker compensation, and research on accident proneness comprised much of the early work. Thus, early research and practice very much focused on the individual worker, the design of their work, and their basic protection. Gradually and over time, the focus began to navigate further into the organizational context. One of the early efforts to broaden beyond the individual worker was a significant focus on safety-related training during the middle of the 20th century. Toward the latter years of the 20th century and continuing the move from the individual worker to the broader organizational context, there was a significant increase in leadership and organizational climate (safety climate) research. Ultimately, this resulted in the development of a multilevel model of safety culture/climate. After discussing these trends, we identify key conclusions and opportunities for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. 75 FR 5553 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motor Vehicle Brake Fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ... Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motor Vehicle Brake Fluids AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety... NPRM proposes to amend FMVSS No. 116, Motor Vehicle Brake Fluids, so that brake fluids would be tested... Date VII. Rulemaking Analyses and Notices VIII. Public Participation I. Background Federal...

  13. 75 FR 22532 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Cargo Carrying Capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards... for reconsideration of a final rule published December 4, 2007 which amended the Federal motor vehicle... problem of light vehicle, motor home and recreation vehicle trailer overloading by requiring...

  14. Quality and safety standards in the food industry, developments and challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trienekens, J.H.; Zuurbier, P.J.P.

    2008-01-01

    Consumer concerns related to food safety scandals and globalization of food production have resulted in a global and interconnected system for the production and distribution of food. In the last decade many public and private standards on food safety and quality have been developed as a result of t

  15. Transportation Safety Standards for Wheelchair Users: A Review of Voluntary Standards for Improved Safety, Usability, and Independence of Wheelchair-Seated Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Lawrence W.; Manary, Miriam A.; Hobson, Douglas A.

    2008-01-01

    Safe transportation for wheelchair users who do not transfer to the vehicle seat when traveling in motor vehicles requires after-market wheelchair tiedown and occupant restraint systems (WTORS) to secure the wheelchair and provide crashworthy restraint for the wheelchair-seated occupant. In the absence of adequate government safety standards,…

  16. 48 CFR 1352.271-82 - Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards for ship repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... occupational safety and health standards for ship repair. 1352.271-82 Section 1352.271-82 Federal Acquisition... of Provisions and Clauses 1352.271-82 Department of Labor occupational safety and health standards... Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Ship Repair (APR 2010) The contractor, in performance of all...

  17. US Department of Energy DOE Nevada Operations Office, Nevada Test Site: Underground safety and health standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-05-01

    The Nevada Test Site Underground Safety and Health Standards Working Group was formed at the direction of John D. Stewart, Director, Nevada Test Site Office in April, 1990. The objective of the Working Group was to compile a safety and health standard from the California Tunnel Safety Orders and OSHA for the underground operations at the NTS, (excluding Yucca Mountain). These standards are called the NTS U/G Safety and Health Standards. The Working Group submits these standards as a RECOMMENDATION to the Director, NTSO. Although the Working Group considers these standards to be the most integrated and comprehensive standards that could be developed for NTS Underground Operations, the intent is not to supersede or replace any relevant DOE orders. Rather the intent is to collate the multiple safety and health references contained in DOE Order 5480.4 that have applicability to NTS Underground Operations into a single safety and heath standard to be used in the underground operations at the NTS. Each portion of the standard was included only after careful consideration by the Working Group and is judged to be both effective and appropriate. The specific methods and rationale used by the Working Group are outlined as follows: The letter from DOE/HQ, dated September 28, 1990 cited OSHA and the CTSO as the safety and health codes applicable to underground operations at the NTS. These mandated codes were each originally developed to be comprehensive, i.e., all underground operations of a particular type (e.g., tunnels in the case of the CTSO) were intended to be adequately regulated by the appropriate code. However, this is not true; the Working Group found extensive and confusing overlap in the codes in numerous areas. Other subjects and activities were addressed by the various codes in cursory fashion or not at all.

  18. 78 FR 47180 - Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ..., or employ temporary workers from private sector temporary or leasing agencies. For purposes of... Service (USPS) in the same manner as any other private sector employer. Therefore, language in the basic... been changed to follow private sector procedures. Records retention: A section of the basic...

  19. 78 FR 73965 - Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... create discounted present value of benefits totaling $6.264 million to $14.069 million, depending on the..., financing, operating costs, and other areas for relevance to establishing and implementing energy standards... presents the significant issues, questions, and suggestions submitted by public commenters, and...

  20. 78 FR 50328 - Safety Standard for Play Yards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... are meant to be left unsupervised in them for extended periods of time. Serious injuries or fatalities.... If the bassinet's sleep surface tilts while the child is unsupervised, the caregiver may not discover... standards would reduce the risk of injury associated with the product. In this case, we believe that...

  1. 77 FR 64055 - Safety Standard for Bassinets and Cradles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... requirement and test method involving a torso probe to protect against entrapment in bounded openings in the... for rocking cradles. In the Australian standard, the angle is measured with the CAMI infant dummy... the CAMI dummy placed to one side of the cradle. The Commission believes that the placement of...

  2. On promotion of architectural safety standards by learning New Safety Production Standard%深入学习新安法扎实推进建筑安全标准化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芸

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the architectural fact,the paper introduces the new demands for the New Safety Production Standard in the basic man-agement of architectural construction from the administrative department supervision in architectural industry and architectural enterprise manage-ment,so as to enhance the standardized construction of the architectural construction enterprises.%结合建筑行业实际,从建筑行业施工行政主管部门监管和建筑企业管理两方面出发,对新安法在建筑施工安全基础管理中的新要求进行介绍,以扎实推进建筑施工企业安全标准化建设。

  3. National Standard of "General Request on Biological Safety" Was Officially Issued

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ May 28 2004, sponsored by Standardization Administration of P.R. China ( SAC ) and Certification and Accreditation Administration of P.R. China (CNCA), China National Accreditation Board For Laboratories (CNAL) organized the press conference on National Standard of "General Request on Biological Safety" in Beijing.

  4. Planning the Unplanned Experiment: Assessing the Efficacy of Standards for Safety Critical Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graydon, Patrick J.; Holloway, C. Michael

    2015-01-01

    We need well-founded means of determining whether software is t for use in safety-critical applications. While software in industries such as aviation has an excellent safety record, the fact that software aws have contributed to deaths illustrates the need for justi ably high con dence in software. It is often argued that software is t for safety-critical use because it conforms to a standard for software in safety-critical systems. But little is known about whether such standards `work.' Reliance upon a standard without knowing whether it works is an experiment; without collecting data to assess the standard, this experiment is unplanned. This paper reports on a workshop intended to explore how standards could practicably be assessed. Planning the Unplanned Experiment: Assessing the Ecacy of Standards for Safety Critical Software (AESSCS) was held on 13 May 2014 in conjunction with the European Dependable Computing Conference (EDCC). We summarize and elaborate on the workshop's discussion of the topic, including both the presented positions and the dialogue that ensued.

  5. Planning the Unplanned Experiment: Towards Assessing the Efficacy of Standards for Safety-Critical Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graydon, Patrick J.; Holloway, C. M.

    2015-01-01

    Safe use of software in safety-critical applications requires well-founded means of determining whether software is fit for such use. While software in industries such as aviation has a good safety record, little is known about whether standards for software in safety-critical applications 'work' (or even what that means). It is often (implicitly) argued that software is fit for safety-critical use because it conforms to an appropriate standard. Without knowing whether a standard works, such reliance is an experiment; without carefully collecting assessment data, that experiment is unplanned. To help plan the experiment, we organized a workshop to develop practical ideas for assessing software safety standards. In this paper, we relate and elaborate on the workshop discussion, which revealed subtle but important study design considerations and practical barriers to collecting appropriate historical data and recruiting appropriate experimental subjects. We discuss assessing standards as written and as applied, several candidate definitions for what it means for a standard to 'work,' and key assessment strategies and study techniques and the pros and cons of each. Finally, we conclude with thoughts about the kinds of research that will be required and how academia, industry, and regulators might collaborate to overcome the noted barriers.

  6. 76 FR 72888 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... release. 571.220 School bus rollover protection. 571.221 School bus body joint strength. 571.222 School... be reduced without reducing safety. II. Plain Language A. Background and Purpose Executive Order... language. Application of the principles of plain language includes consideration of the following...

  7. Assessment of Offshore Wind System Design, Safety, and Operation Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sirnivas, S.; Musial, W.; Bailey, B.; Filippelli, M.

    2014-01-01

    This report is a deliverable for a project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) entitled National Offshore Wind Energy Resource and Design Data Campaign -- Analysis and Collaboration (contract number DE-EE0005372; prime contractor -- AWS Truepower). The project objective is to supplement, facilitate, and enhance ongoing multiagency efforts to develop an integrated national offshore wind energy data network. The results of this initiative are intended to 1) produce a comprehensive definition of relevant met-ocean resource assets and needs and design standards, and 2) provide a basis for recommendations for meeting offshore wind energy industry data and design certification requirements.

  8. Designing programs of basic and additional mathematical formation of students in the transition to the new standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel Gorev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article offers an option of building a system of continuous education on the basis of mathematical construction of basic and additional educational programs in the field of mathematical knowledge. The structure of the new educational program of basic education in accordance with new standards and offer additional options for programming mathematical education of schoolchildren, promoting systematic inclusion of students in a conscious study of the subject, taking into account the continuity of school mathematics education.

  9. Patient safety principles in family medicine residency accreditation standards and curriculum objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassam, Aliya; Sharma, Nishan; Harvie, Margot; O’Beirne, Maeve; Topps, Maureen

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective To conduct a thematic analysis of the College of Family Physicians of Canada’s (CFPC’s) Red Book accreditation standards and the Triple C Competency-based Curriculum objectives with respect to patient safety principles. Design Thematic content analysis of the CFPC’s Red Book accreditation standards and the Triple C curriculum. Setting Canada. Main outcome measures Coding frequency of the patient safety principles (ie, patient engagement; respectful, transparent relationships; complex systems; a just and trusting culture; responsibility and accountability for actions; and continuous learning and improvement) found in the analyzed CFPC documents. Results Within the analyzed CFPC documents, the most commonly found patient safety principle was patient engagement (n = 51 coding references); the least commonly found patient safety principles were a just and trusting culture (n = 5 coding references) and complex systems (n = 5 coding references). Other patient safety principles that were uncommon included responsibility and accountability for actions (n = 7 coding references) and continuous learning and improvement (n = 12 coding references). Conclusion Explicit inclusion of patient safety content such as the use of patient safety principles is needed for residency training programs across Canada to ensure the full spectrum of care is addressed, from community-based care to acute hospital-based care. This will ensure a patient safety culture can be cultivated from residency and sustained into primary care practice. PMID:27965349

  10. Issues and relationships among software standards for nuclear safety applications. Version 2.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, J.A.; Preckshot, G.G.; Lawrence, J.D.; Johnson, G.L.

    1996-03-26

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is assisting the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with the development of draft regulatory guides for selected software engineering standards. This report describes the results of the initial task in this work. The selected software standards and a set of related software engineering standards were reviewed, and the resulting preliminary elements of the regulatory positions are identified in this report. The importance of a thorough understanding of the relationships among standards useful for developing safety-related software is emphasized. The relationship of this work to the update of the Standard Review Plan is also discussed.

  11. “The Safety of Tourist” - Required Community Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olguta Ludmila Benescu

    2010-06-01

    be forgotten which would attract tourists.The Romanian State, in order to have had an attractive and profitable tourism it must turn into a leading provider of safety.

  12. Fundamentals of automotive and engine technology standard drives, hybrid drives, brakes, safety systems

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Hybrid drives and the operation of hybrid vehicles are characteristic of contemporary automotive technology. Together with the electronic driver assistant systems, hybrid technology is of the greatest importance and both cannot be ignored by today’s car drivers. This technical reference book provides the reader with a firsthand comprehensive description of significant components of automotive technology. All texts are complemented by numerous detailed illustrations. Contents History of the automobile.- History of the Diesel engine.- Areas of use for Diesel engines.- Basic principles of the Diesel engine.- Basic principles of Diesel fuel-injection.- Basic principles of the gasoline engine.- Inductive ignition system.- Transmissions for motor vehicles.- Motor vehicle safety.- Basic principles of vehicle dynamics.- Car braking systems.- Vehicle electrical systems.- Overview of electrical and electronic systems in the vehicle.- Control of gasoline engines.- Control of Diesel engines.- Lighting technology.- Elec...

  13. The Road to Psychological Safety: Legal, Scientific, and Social Foundations for a Canadian National Standard on Psychological Safety in the Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shain, Martin; Arnold, Ian; GermAnn, Kathy

    2012-01-01

    In Part 1 of this article, the legal and scientific origins of the concept of psychological safety are examined as background to, and support for, the new Canadian National Standard on Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace (CSA Z1003/BNQ 9700). It is shown that five factors influencing psychological safety can be identified as being…

  14. STANDARDIZATION AND TOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION FOR EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF PIMPINELLA ANISUM L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalam N

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The demand of herbal medicine is increasing day by day due to their efficacy, safety (rare chances of side effects in the treatment and good faith of society on herbal medicine and also their products. Therefore standardization and toxicological study of herbal medicine is quite necessary to check quality, Purity, strength and safety of the drugs. The present work is an attempt to evaluate toxicological parameters for safety of an herbal drug Pimpinella anisum L. such as microbial contamination, aflatoxins, pesticide residues and heavy metals. Additional standardization parameters like, physical constants, ash content, solvent residues, and microscopical analysis were also carried out and reported. The results obtained may be helpful to the regulatory authorities, scientific organizations and manufacturers for developing standards and maintaining the quality of drugs.

  15. New standard on safety for hydrogen systems in spanish. Keys for understanding and use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luis Aprea, Jose [CNEA, Argentine Atomic Energy Commission - AAH - IRAM - Comahue University, CC 805 - Neuquen (Argentina)

    2008-07-15

    The present paper approaches all the preliminary, normative and additional elements observed during the work carried out by the Argentine standardization board to count in the country with a normative document that covers the expectations of the local community of users and other Spanish-speaking user, about the integral safety for the hydrogen systems. The antecedents and the process of adoption of an international standard and its adaptation to the local media are analyzed. The result has been the Standard IRAM/ISO 15916 that intends to offer, to all the users and especially to those who are not familiar with the technology, a base to understand the subject of safety, thus enhancing the education of the general public in hydrogen safety matters. (author)

  16. "Science Citation Index" Data as a Safety Net for Basic Science Books Considered for Weeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdick, Amrita J.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the use of the "Science Citation Index" in deciding whether to keep older basic science books that have failed to meet other criteria for collection retention. It is concluded that manual searching of the indexes proved feasible and reliable, while the lack of book titles on the online version reduced reliability of weeding…

  17. Critical Review of Commercial Secondary Lithium-Ion Battery Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Harry P.; Chapin, Thomas, J.; Tabaddor, Mahmod

    2010-09-01

    The development of Li-ion cells with greater energy density has lead to safety concerns that must be carefully assessed as Li-ion cells power a wide range of products from consumer electronics to electric vehicles to space applications. Documented field failures and product recalls for Li-ion cells, mostly for consumer electronic products, highlight the risk of fire, smoke, and even explosion. These failures have been attributed to the occurrence of internal short circuits and the subsequent thermal runaway that can lead to fire and explosion. As packaging for some applications include a large number of cells, the risk of failure is likely to be magnified. To address concerns about the safety of battery powered products, safety standards have been developed. This paper provides a review of various international safety standards specific to lithium-ion cells. This paper shows that though the standards are harmonized on a host of abuse conditions, most lack a test simulating internal short circuits. This paper describes some efforts to introduce internal short circuit tests into safety standards.

  18. Aligning CASAS Competencies and Assessments to Basic Skills Content Standards. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2009

    2009-01-01

    Since its inception, the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS) has focused on teaching and assessing basic skills in contexts that are relevant and important to adult learners. CASAS has developed and continues to refine a highly formalized hierarchy of competencies, the application of basic skills that adults need to be fully…

  19. Basic safety rule number no.2002-01; Regle fondamentale de surete no. 2002-01

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-15

    The purpose of this rule is to define acceptable methods for the development of probabilistic safety assessments(P.S.A.) and proven applications of P.S.A. for operating or future pressurized water reactors (PWR type reactors) of the French nuclear power programme, incorporating available French and international experience in this area. The standing group of experts for nuclear reactors has been consulted for the drafting of this rule. (N.C.)

  20. Four (Algorithms) in One (Bag): An Integrative Framework of Knowledge for Teaching the Standard Algorithms of the Basic Arithmetic Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raveh, Ira; Koichu, Boris; Peled, Irit; Zaslavsky, Orit

    2016-01-01

    In this article we present an integrative framework of knowledge for teaching the standard algorithms of the four basic arithmetic operations. The framework is based on a mathematical analysis of the algorithms, a connectionist perspective on teaching mathematics and an analogy with previous frameworks of knowledge for teaching arithmetic…

  1. A tool for safety officers when analysing the basic causes of simple accidents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Kirsten

    situation no one could do anything about. In 1999 a new practical tool for use by safety officers was developed and used by training systems. The tool involves three steps: one for observing facts, one for analysing the event, and one for preventive solutions. The tool has been used by various companies...... for some years with interesting results. Both the difficulties and the benefits will be presented, together with examples of the use of the tool. The main purpose of the tool is to demonstrate how management and workers can get a much better understanding of why accidents happen, even those accidents...

  2. Radon in the Workplace: the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Ionizing Radiation Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Robert K

    2016-10-01

    On 29 December 1970, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 established the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). This article on OSHA, Title 29, Part 1910.1096 Ionizing Radiation standard was written to increase awareness of the employer, the workforce, state and federal governments, and those in the radon industry who perform radon testing and radon mitigation of the existence of these regulations, particularly the radon relevant aspect of the regulations. This review paper was also written to try to explain what can sometimes be complicated regulations. As the author works within the Radon Division of the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Radiation Protection, the exclusive focus of the article is on radon. The 1910.1096 standard obviously covers many other aspects of radiation and radiation safety in the work place.

  3. 76 FR 55056 - Toy Safety Standard: Strategic Outreach and Education Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... to test and certify to the toy safety standard. We plan to use traditional and social media to... ensure that the communications message is disseminated widely and to solicit additional outreach ideas... provisions before the requirements go into effect. We believe that issuing FAQs in a timely fashion...

  4. 77 FR 15351 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... Standards; Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration... rule published December 12, 2011, at 76 FR 77183, is extended. Comments must be received on or before... Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78). Docket:...

  5. ENETOSH Standard of Competence for Instructors and Trainers in Safety and Health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ayravainen, A.; Bollmann, U.; Kobler, R.; Swuste, P.H.J.J.

    2011-01-01

    The ENETOSH Standard of Competence for Instructors and Trainers in Safety and Health was developed as part of a project funded by the European Commission (LEONARDO DA VINCI, 146 253, 10/2005 – 09/2007). The aim of the project was to set up a “European Network Education and Training in Occupational S

  6. 78 FR 53386 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Occupant Crash Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ...: Denial of petition for rulemaking. SUMMARY: This document denies a rulemaking petition submitted by BMW Group, BMW of North America, LLC, to amend the Federal motor vehicle safety standard on occupant crash... passenger cars and September 1, 1998, for light trucks and vans. II. Petition On October 23, 2012, BMW...

  7. 75 FR 81313 - Petitions for Modification of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... modify the application of any mandatory safety standard to a coal or other mine if the Secretary..., and floor heave conditions in the return entry in the C-Mains resulting from multi-seam mining and... gas or other harmful, noxious, or poisonous gases will not be permitted to accumulate in excess...

  8. Nutrition Standards for Child Care Programs: Meeting Children's Nutrition and Education Needs. Nutrition, Health and Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briley, Margaret E.; Grey, Cynthia R.

    2000-01-01

    Presents information on standards for American child care and early education programs participating in the Child and Adult Care Food Program. Topics discussed include meal plans, nutritional requirements, food preparation and food service, cultural diversity, food safety and sanitation, nutrition education, and emotional climate at mealtimes. (KB)

  9. 76 FR 53102 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Denial of Petition for Rulemaking; School Buses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ... belt use, the effects on bus discipline, the attitudes of other stakeholders, the loss of capacity... the past 34 years that compartmentalization and the school bus safety standards have been in effect... requiring seat belts on large school buses would protect passengers against an unreasonable risk of death...

  10. 78 FR 59723 - Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ... health risks while providing no less than the same degree of safety provided by the existing standard. 2... to maintain negative pressure during use of the cleaning system to prevent contamination of the... regulator tampering. 9. The air spray manifold will consist of a schedule 80 steel pipe that has a...

  11. 75 FR 27734 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Safety Standard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... manufacture or import bicycle helmets subject to the standard. There are an estimated 200 different models of... for Bicycle Helmets AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Consumer... of bicycle helmets. DATES: Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information...

  12. Minor actinides impact on basic safety parameters of medium-sized sodium-cooled fast reactor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darnowski Piotr

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the influence of addition of minor actinides (MA to the fast reactor fuel on the most important safety characteristics was performed. A special emphasis was given to the total control rods worth in order to describe qualitatively and quantitatively its change with MA content. All computations were performed with a homogeneous assembly model of modified BN-600 sodium-cooled fast reactor core with 0, 3 and 6% of MA. A model was prepared for the Monte Carlo neutron transport code MCNP5 for fresh fuel in the beginning-of-life (BOL state. Additionally, some other parameters, such as Doppler constant, sodium void reactivity, delayed neutron fraction, neutron fluxes and neutron spectra distribution, were computed and their change with MA content was investigated. Study indicates that the total control rods worth (CRW decreases with increasing MA inventory in the fuel and confirms that the addition of MA has a negative effect on the delayed neutron fraction.

  13. Food Safety, Market Power and Private Standards: An Analysis of the Emerging Strategies of Food Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Charlier

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Together with expected implications on food safety, the European Regulation 178/2002 has important consequences shaping the agrifood sector.This regulation gives latitude to operators in front of specific food safety objectives and promotes self-control.Private standards are a way of addressing this problem. The paper shows that as soon as producers and retailers have different private standards, a problem of coordination among operators has to be solved. This coordination is important for the sanitary aims but involves strategic aspects too. The coordination problem is tougher when the standards developed by producers and retailers can be considered as two substitutes, even if each operators considers that a coordination of their practices shall be reached.

  14. THE CONFORMITY OF MACHINE TOOLS WITH RESPECT TO EUROPEAN SAFETY STANDARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    TIS/TE

    2001-01-01

    European regulations require that all motorized machine tools conform to the latest safety standards by the end of the year 2000. CERN must follow these regulations and has already modified most of its machine tools accordingly. However, there is still a small number of machine tools which have not yet been modified as required. These machines should not be used until they are brought up to the required safety standards, failing which the machines should be discarded. One can recognise which machine tools conform with the latest standards by the indication 'CS' on the identification plate of the machine, see foto below. In cases of doubt about the status of a machine tool you should contact K. Altherr/EST or C. Margaroli/TIS for advice.

  15. THE CONFORMITY OF MACHINE TOOLS WITH RESPECT TO EUROPEAN SAFETY STANDARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    TIS/TE

    2000-01-01

    European regulations require that all motorized machine tools conform to the latest safety standards by the end of the year 2000. CERN must follow these regulations and has already modified most of its machine tools accordingly. However, there is still a small number of machine tools which have not yet been modified as required. These machines should not be used until they are brought up to the required safety standards, failing which the machines should be discarded. One can recognise which machine tools conform with the latest standards by the indication 'CS' on the identification plate of the machine, see foto below. In cases of doubt about the status of a machine tool you should contact K. Altherr/EST or C. Margaroli/TIS for advice.

  16. Safety, codes and standards for hydrogen installations. Metrics development and benchmarking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, Aaron P. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dedrick, Daniel E. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); LaFleur, Angela Christine [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); San Marchi, Christopher W. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Automakers and fuel providers have made public commitments to commercialize light duty fuel cell electric vehicles and fueling infrastructure in select US regions beginning in 2014. The development, implementation, and advancement of meaningful codes and standards is critical to enable the effective deployment of clean and efficient fuel cell and hydrogen solutions in the energy technology marketplace. Metrics pertaining to the development and implementation of safety knowledge, codes, and standards are important to communicate progress and inform future R&D investments. This document describes the development and benchmarking of metrics specific to the development of hydrogen specific codes relevant for hydrogen refueling stations. These metrics will be most useful as the hydrogen fuel market transitions from pre-commercial to early-commercial phases. The target regions in California will serve as benchmarking case studies to quantify the success of past investments in research and development supporting safety codes and standards R&D.

  17. Standardized System of Nuclear Safety Information for the Promotion of Transparency and Openness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Gihyung; Kim, Sanghyun; Lee, Gyehwi; Yoon, Yeonhwa; Song, Song Hyerim; Jeong, Jina [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Jaehyung; Seo, Jonghwan [Dong-A Univ., Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    There has been an increasing emphasis on the need for increased disclosure of information through the home page of the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), responsible for nuclear safety regulations, and the Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) to enhance public understanding of nuclear safety. However, due to the dazzled structure of the existing KINS and NSIC home pages, improvements in accessibility and convenience are necessary. At the same time, content standardization is required to increase operational efficiency and provide coherent information. In this study, the Delphi method was used to select the major contents to make available on the home page as well as the main user base definition for the home page layout development. Also, internal and external expert groups were created to conduct AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) analysis and develop the comparative analysis items for the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission(NRC)/KINS/NSIC home pages. Afterwards, problems and points of improvements for the home page system, design, and profile were derived using heuristic analysis. The implications arising from the Delphi analysis results were applied to the home page layout. In the nuclear safety information standardized system construction process, the comparative analysis conducted using the AHP and heuristic analyses of the NRC home page resulted in deriving improvements for the Guidance, Organization, and Trustworthy items of the KINS/NSIC home page. Furthermore, through the Delphi analysis, a clear purpose and core values were set for the KINS web site, and the needs of the main user base were identified. By developing the home page layout, user interest and utility were raised to improve the organization method and layout. Through this study, KINS was able to construct a nuclear safety information standardized system and increase transparency and openness by providing feature enhancements in information provision as well as user accessibility and

  18. Evaluation Standard for Safety Coefficient of Roller Compacted Concrete Dam Based on Finite Element Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The lack of evaluation standard for safety coefficient based on finite element method (FEM limits the wide application of FEM in roller compacted concrete dam (RCCD. In this paper, the strength reserve factor (SRF method is adopted to simulate gradual failure and possible unstable modes of RCCD system. The entropy theory and catastrophe theory are used to obtain the ultimate bearing resistance and failure criterion of the RCCD. The most dangerous sliding plane for RCCD failure is found using the Latin hypercube sampling (LHS and auxiliary analysis of partial least squares regression (PLSR. Finally a method for determining the evaluation standard of RCCD safety coefficient based on FEM is put forward using least squares support vector machines (LSSVM and particle swarm optimization (PSO. The proposed method is applied to safety coefficient analysis of the Longtan RCCD in China. The calculation shows that RCCD failure is closely related to RCCD interface strength, and the Longtan RCCD is safe in the design condition. Considering RCCD failure characteristic and combining the advantages of several excellent algorithms, the proposed method determines the evaluation standard for safety coefficient of RCCD based on FEM for the first time and can be popularized to any RCCD.

  19. 16 CFR 1115.5 - Reporting of failures to comply with a voluntary consumer product safety standard relied upon by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... voluntary consumer product safety standard relied upon by the Commission under section 9 of the CPSA. 1115.5 Section 1115.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SUBSTANTIAL PRODUCT HAZARD REPORTS General Interpretation § 1115.5 Reporting of failures to...

  20. "Standard" Issue: Public Discourse, "Ayers v. Fordice," and the Dilemma of the Basic Writer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inman, Joyce Olewski

    2013-01-01

    This article involves an examination of public discourse surrounding "Ayers v. Fordice," one of the most prominent desegregation cases in higher education, in an attempt to explore how such discourse affects our understandings of basic writing programming in the state of Mississippi, but also more globally. Archived local newspaper…

  1. Product, not process! Explaining a basic concept in agricultural biotechnologies and food safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagliabue, Giovanni

    2017-12-01

    Most life scientists have relentlessly recommended any evaluative approach of agri-food products to be based on examination of the phenotype, i.e. the actual characteristics of the food, feed and fiber varieties: the effects of any new cultivar (or micro-organism, animal) on our health are not dependent on the process(es), the techniques used to obtain it.The so-called "genetically modified organisms" ("GMOs"), on the other hand, are commonly framed as a group with special properties - most frequently seen as dubious, or even harmful.Some social scientists still believe that considering the process is a correct background for science-based understanding and regulation. To show that such an approach is utterly wrong, and to invite scientists, teachers and science communicators to explain this mistake to students, policy-makers and the public at large, we imagined a dialogue between a social scientist, who has a positive opinion about a certain weight that a process-based orientation should have in the risk assessment, and a few experts who offer plenty of arguments against that view. The discussion focuses on new food safety.

  2. Standards and IAEA safety services; Las normas y los servicios de seguridad del OIEA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil, E.

    2009-07-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency has the statutory mandate to develop safety standards applicable to all kind of nuclear and radiation practices and activities and to provide for its application Member States and in its own radiological practices and activities. since its inception in the mid-fifties, the IAEA has an active rulemaking program that reached full maturity in the mid-nineties and keeps today. This program is complemented by a wide variety of safety review services provided by the Agency to Member states that request it. (Author)

  3. The WHO EMF Project: Legitimating the Imaginary of Global Harmonization of EMF Safety Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mercer

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available An important topic for studies of STS and globalization are the ways “global” institutions create and attempt to implement health guidelines and safety standards to address risks associated with new technologies. In the following discussion this topic is examined through a case study of the activities of the World Health Organization’s Electric and Magnetic Field Project (WHO EMF Project. EMF exposures are associated with telecommunications and electrical infrastructure, most notably high voltage power-lines, radio and cell towers and the use of mobile telephones. The controversy over setting international safety standards and health guidelines has simmered for a number of decades. The mainstream “regulatory science” position has been that it is unlikely EMF’s constitute a significant health risk and therefore minimal regulatory intervention or significant precautionary considerations are required. A small but persistent stream of scientific studies nevertheless have continued to raise significant health concerns and have led to calls for regulators to build stronger precautionary approaches into EMF standards and guidelines. The WHO EMF project was established in 1996 in an attempt to discourage this situation leading to different nation states adopting strong precautionary approaches and developing a diversity of national EMF safety standards and health guidelines. In the following discussion I will explore the history of the WHO EMF Project and the strategies it has used to pursue its goal of global harmonization of EMF science, safety standards and guidelines. Three important strategies used by the WHO EMF Project have involved: appeals to technological determinism, developing bespoke models for sound science, and setting the boundaries between science and policy to attempt to exclude their opponents from the policy making arena.

  4. 75 FR 73998 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; New Pneumatic Tires for Motor Vehicles With a Gross...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... Vehicle Safety Standards; New Pneumatic Tires for Motor Vehicles With a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR... Federal motor vehicle safety standard (FMVSS) that applies to new pneumatic tires for use on vehicles with... (NPRM) proposing to upgrade FMVSS No. 119 (49 CFR 571.119), which applies to new pneumatic tires...

  5. 48 CFR 852.222-70 - Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act-nursing home care contract supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Safety Standards Act-nursing home care contract supplement. 852.222-70 Section 852.222-70 Federal...—nursing home care contract supplement. As prescribed in 822.305, for nursing home care requirements, insert the following clause: Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act—Nursing Home Care...

  6. Basic Guidelines for Application of Performance Standards to Commissioning of DCS Digital Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-01

    test and acceptance of new digital services . It is for this reason that no unconditional average BER standards or recommendations are made by...commercial and international standards organizations for long term testing of high data rate digital services . The use of RBER can therefore be considered as a...measuring LBCI events. Often, older digital test equipment provide a capability to monitor the interruption of digital services through the use of such

  7. Edible safety requirements and assessment standards for agricultural genetically modified organisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Pingjian; Zhou, Xiangyang; Zhou, Peng; Du, Zhong; Hou, Hongli; Yang, Dongyan; Tan, Jianjun; Wu, Xiaojin; Zhang, Jinzhou; Yang, Yongcun; Liu, Jin; Liu, Guihua; Li, Yonghong; Liu, Jianjun; Yu, Lei; Fang, Shisong; Yang, Xiaoke

    2008-05-01

    This paper describes the background, principles, concepts and methods of framing the technical regulation for edible safety requirement and assessment of agricultural genetically modified organisms (agri-GMOs) for Shenzhen Special Economic Zone in the People's Republic of China. It provides a set of systematic criteria for edible safety requirements and the assessment process for agri-GMOs. First, focusing on the degree of risk and impact of different agri-GMOs, we developed hazard grades for toxicity, allergenicity, anti-nutrition effects, and unintended effects and standards for the impact type of genetic manipulation. Second, for assessing edible safety, we developed indexes and standards for different hazard grades of recipient organisms, for the influence of types of genetic manipulation and hazard grades of agri-GMOs. To evaluate the applicability of these criteria and their congruency with other safety assessment systems for GMOs applied by related organizations all over the world, we selected some agri-GMOs (soybean, maize, potato, capsicum and yeast) as cases to put through our new assessment system, and compared our results with the previous assessments. It turned out that the result of each of the cases was congruent with the original assessment.

  8. Addendum: Safety Standards for Gua sha (press-stroking) and Ba guan (cupping).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Arya; Kligler, Ben; Koll, Brian S

    2014-06-01

    Our previous article Safety Standards for Gua sha (press-stroking) and Baguan (cupping) discussed the risk of transfer of blood-borne pathogens with Gua sha and Ba guan, identified Gua sha and Ba guan 'instrument criticality' as semi-critical and offered recommendations for safe practice based on hospital disinfection standards. Based on the article's feedback, we feel the need to clarify that Gua sha and Ba guan instruments, if intended for reuse, must undergo high level disinfection (HLD) or, in the case of 'wet-cupping', sterilization. We update our recommendations to be amenable to both private practice and education settings.

  9. A curated and standardized adverse drug event resource to accelerate drug safety research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Juan M; Evans, Lee; Vanguri, Rami S; Tatonetti, Nicholas P; Ryan, Patrick B; Shah, Nigam H

    2016-05-10

    Identification of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) during the post-marketing phase is one of the most important goals of drug safety surveillance. Spontaneous reporting systems (SRS) data, which are the mainstay of traditional drug safety surveillance, are used for hypothesis generation and to validate the newer approaches. The publicly available US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) data requires substantial curation before they can be used appropriately, and applying different strategies for data cleaning and normalization can have material impact on analysis results. We provide a curated and standardized version of FAERS removing duplicate case records, applying standardized vocabularies with drug names mapped to RxNorm concepts and outcomes mapped to SNOMED-CT concepts, and pre-computed summary statistics about drug-outcome relationships for general consumption. This publicly available resource, along with the source code, will accelerate drug safety research by reducing the amount of time spent performing data management on the source FAERS reports, improving the quality of the underlying data, and enabling standardized analyses using common vocabularies.

  10. Developing legally defensible physiological employment standards for prominent physically demanding public safety occupations: a Canadian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamnik, V; Gumienak, R; Gledhill, N

    2013-10-01

    Canadian court decisions and human rights legislation impose strict legal criteria for developing applicant and incumbent physiological employment standards to qualify as a bona fide occupational requirement. These legal criteria compel researchers and employers to ensure that the standards are criterion-based and validly linked to the critical life threatening physically demanding tasks of the occupation, and this has led to the establishment of a systematic research process template to ensure this connection. Validation of job-related physiological employment standards is achieved using both construct and content procedures and reliability is established via test-retest procedures. The 1999 Supreme Court of Canada Meiorin Decision also obliges employers to demonstrate that it is impossible to accommodate an individual applicant or employee who is adversely impacted by lowering the physiological employment standards without imposing undue hardship on the employer. Recent evidence has demonstrated convincingly that familiarization opportunities, motivational feedback/coaching during test performance, and participation in a 6-week job-specific physical fitness training program can overcome the adverse impact of a physiological employment standards on a sub-group of participants, thereby providing "de facto" accommodation. In this article, the authors review the physiological employment standards for prominent Canadian physically demanding public safety occupations; police, correctional officers, nuclear emergency personnel, structural fire fighters, and wildland fire fighters, to illustrate the steps, challenges, and solutions involved in developing and implementing physiological employment standards designed to meet the requirements to qualify as a bona fide occupational requirement.

  11. Differences in Basic Non-Standard Situational Efficiency Indicators between Winning and Defeated European Senior Basketball Teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trninić, Marko; Perica, Ante; Jeličić, Mario

    2015-07-01

    The aim of the conducted research was to identify and explain the differences in basic non-standard situational efficiency indicators between winning and defeated European senior basketball teams. Discriminant analysis and Mann-Whitney U-test were used with the purpose of investigating the differences between winning and defeated teams in the domain of basic non-standard situational variables. The grouping variable distinguished 24 defeated teams from 24 winning teams participating in 2009/2010 season of Euroleague Top 16. The research clearly reveals the differences between the winning and defeated European senior basketball teams in the domain of non-standard situational variables of position and transition offense and defense. Eight situational efficiency indicators were used which include the overall number of successful and unsuccessful position and transition defenses and offenses. Based on the results obtained by parametric and non-parametric methods, it has been noticed that successful position defense is crucial for winning, and unsuccessful position offense is an indicator of defeat prediction. Therefore, practical aims in situational training must involve balanced development of relevant abilities and skills which determine successful simultaneous performance of multiple tasks in all the phases of game flow. Such process of sport preparation improves the overall actual quality of players and whole team performance. In conclusion, it is important to emphasize that the process of improving position and transition defense stimulates the development of position and transition offense, and vice versa.

  12. Quality management and safety culture in medicine – Do standard quality reports provide insights into the human factor of patient safety?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wischet, Werner

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM published the landmark report “To err is human: building a safer healthcare system” highlighting critical deficiencies within the area of patient safety. As a consequence, safety culture evolved as a core component of quality management in medicine. Purpose of the investigation at hand was to find out to what extent this is reflected in standard quality reports issued by German hospitals providing maximum medical care. Reports issued for the year 2006 were analysed with respect to the appearance of indicators for the presence of a safety culture. Results suggest that despite the huge awareness for patient safety caused by the IOM report, the topic of safety culture does not get the anticipated attention within the quality reports. This may indicate that the current requirements for the quality reports do not facilitate transparency when it comes to the human factor of patient safety.

  13. Pesticide food safety standards as companions to tolerances and maximum residue limits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carl K Winter; Elizabeth A Jara

    2015-01-01

    Alowable levels for pesticide residues in foods, known as tolerances in the US and as maximum residue limits (MRLs) in much of the world, are widely yet inappropriately perceived as levels of safety concern. A novel approach to develop scientiifcaly defensible levels of safety concern is presented and an example to determine acute and chronic pesticide food safety standard (PFSS) levels for the fungicide captan on strawberries is provided. Using this approach, the chronic PFSS level for captan on strawberries was determined to be 2000 mg kg–1 and the acute PFSS level was determined to be 250 mg kg–1. Both levels are far above the existing tolerance and MRLs that commonly range from 3 to 20 mg kg–1, and provide evidence that captan residues detected at levels greater than the tolerance or MRLs are not of acute or chronic health concern even though they represent violative residues. The beneifts of developing the PFSS approach to serve as a companion to existing tolerances/MRLs include a greater understanding concerning the health signiifcance, if any, from exposure to violative pesticide residues. In addition, the PFSS approach can be universaly applied to al potential pesticide residues on al food commodities, can be modiifed by speciifc jurisdictions to take into account differences in food consumption practices, and can help prioritize food residue monitoring by identifying the pesticide/commodity combinations of the greatest potential food safety concern and guiding development of ifeld level analytical methods to detect pesticide residues on prioritized pesticide/commodity combinations.

  14. Reliability study: digital engineered safety feature actuation system of Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sudarno [National Nuclear Energy Agency, Batan (Indonesia); Kang, H. G.; Jang, S. C.; Eom, H. S.; Ha, J. J. [KAERI, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-04-01

    The usage of digital Instrumentation and Control (I and C) in a nuclear power plant becomes more extensive, including safety related systems. The PSA application of these new designs are very important in order to evaluate their reliability. In particular, Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plants (KSNPPs), typically Ulchin 5 and 6 (UCN 5 and 6) reactor units, adopted the digital safety-critical systems such as Digital Plant Protection System (DPPS) and Digital Engineered Safety Feature Actuation System (DESFAS). In this research, we developed fault tree models for assessing the unavailability of the DESFAS functions. We also performed an analysis of the quantification results. The unavailability results of different DESFAS functions showed that their values are comprised from 5.461E-5 to 3.14E-4. The system unavailability of DESFAS AFAS-1 is estimated as 5.461E-5, which is about 27% less than that of analog system if we consider the difference of human failure probability estimation between both analyses. The results of this study could be utilized in risk-effect analysis of KSNPP. We expect that the safety analysis result will contribute to design feedback.

  15. The 'experimental stable' of the BCG vaccine: safety, efficacy, proof, and standards, 1921-1933.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonah, Christian

    2005-12-01

    The anti-tuberculosis BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guérin) vaccine was conceived and developed between 1905 and 1921 at Pasteur Institutes in France. Between 1921 and A. Calmette's death in 1933, the vaccine went through a first period of national and international production and distribution for its use in humans. In France these activities were exclusively carried out by Calmette and his collaborators at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Initially improvised production in a small room in the cellar gave way in 1931 to the construction of the spacious and magnificent 'New laboratories for research on tuberculosis and the preparation of the BCG' within the premises of the Pasteur Institute. Presentation and image-building of the vaccine in France insisted on the fact that the BCG was not a commercial specialty but distributed free of charge. The technical monopoly of its production nevertheless lay with the Paris Pasteur Institute and standardization of scientific proof of safety, efficacy and stability was dominated by that Institute in France. In contrast, the international production and distribution of the vaccine was entrusted and transferred, free of charge, to trustworthy laboratories outside France. Multiplication of producers and users led to an increased need for standardization. For this process the analysis distinguishes between the standardization of scientific proof concerning safety, efficacy and stability of the vaccine and standardization of its medical uses. Whereas standardization was rather successful in the inter-war period in France, the international efforts remained rather unsuccessful. Only after world war II under Scandinavian leadership and in the context of mass vaccination programs supported by the WHO and UNICEF was the international standardization effectively implemented and succeeded at least to some extend.

  16. DOE standard: Integration of environment, safety, and health into facility disposition activities. Volume 2: Appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This volume contains the appendices that provide additional environment, safety, and health (ES and H) information to complement Volume 1 of this Standard. Appendix A provides a set of candidate DOE ES and H directives and external regulations, organized by hazard types that may be used to identify potentially applicable directives to a specific facility disposition activity. Appendix B offers examples and lessons learned that illustrate implementation of ES and H approaches discussed in Section 3 of Volume 1. Appendix C contains ISMS performance expectations to guide a project team in developing and implementing an effective ISMS and in developing specific performance criteria for use in facility disposition. Appendix D provides guidance for identifying potential Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARs) when decommissioning facilities fall under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, Liability Act (CERCLA) process. Appendix E discusses ES and H considerations for dispositioning facilities by privatization. Appendix F is an overview of the WSS process. Appendix G provides a copy of two DOE Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Standards memoranda that form the bases for some of the guidance discussed within the Standard. Appendix H gives information on available hazard analysis techniques and references. Appendix I provides a supplemental discussion to Sections 3.3.4, Hazard Baseline Documentation, and 3.3.6, Environmental Permits. Appendix J presents a sample readiness evaluation checklist.

  17. Why the Joint Commission's proposed combining of safety and security under new EC standards is a mistake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesbitt, William H

    2008-01-01

    The following statement was filed by the author with the Joint Commission to point out the flaws and potential adverse consequences of combining the disciplines of Safety and Security in a consolidated Environment of Care Standard.

  18. Quality management and safety culture in medicine – Do standard quality reports provide insights into the human factor of patient safety?

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published the landmark report "To err is human: building a safer healthcare system" highlighting critical deficiencies within the area of patient safety. As a consequence, safety culture evolved as a core component of quality management in medicine. Purpose of the investigation at hand was to find out to what extent this is reflected in standard quality reports issued by German hospitals providing maximum medical care. Reports issued for the year 2006 w...

  19. Compliance of Bhabhatron-II telecobalt unit with IEC standard - Radiation safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahani, G; Kumar, Munish; Dash Sharma, P K; Sharma, D N; Chhokra, Kanta; Mishra, Bibekananda; Agarwal, S P; Kher, R K

    2009-04-28

    Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India designed and developed a telecobalt unit, which was named as Bhabhatron-II. In this paper, the results pertaining to radiation safety of indigenously developed Bhabhatron-II telecobalt unit are reported. The various tests were carried out as per requirements of International Electrotechnical Commission standard and acceptance criteria developed nationally. Various devices such as CaSO4:Dy based thermoluminescent dosimeters, farmer type ionization chamber, water phantom and radiographic films were used. All the parameters pertaining to radiation leakage/transmission were within the tolerance limits as per IEC-60601-2-11 standard except the collimator transmission through X collimators (upper jaw), which marginally exceeds the tolerance limit.

  20. Surveying Wearable Human Assistive Technology for Life and Safety Critical Applications: Standards, Challenges and Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Mahtab Alam

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this survey a new application paradigm life and safety for critical operations and missions using wearable Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs technology is introduced. This paradigm has a vast scope of applications, including disaster management, worker safety in harsh environments such as roadside and building workers, mobile health monitoring, ambient assisted living and many more. It is often the case that during the critical operations and the target conditions, the existing infrastructure is either absent, damaged or overcrowded. In this context, it is envisioned that WBANs will enable the quick deployment of ad-hoc/on-the-fly communication networks to help save many lives and ensuring people’s safety. However, to understand the applications more deeply and their specific characteristics and requirements, this survey presents a comprehensive study on the applications scenarios, their context and specific requirements. It explores details of the key enabling standards, existing state-of-the-art research studies, and projects to understand their limitations before realizing aforementioned applications. Application-specific challenges and issues are discussed comprehensively from various perspectives and future research and development directions are highlighted as an inspiration for new innovative solutions. To conclude, this survey opens up a good opportunity for companies and research centers to investigate old but still new problems, in the realm of wearable technologies, which are increasingly evolving and getting more and more attention recently.

  1. Surveying wearable human assistive technology for life and safety critical applications: standards, challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Muhammad Mahtab; Ben Hamida, Elyes

    2014-05-23

    In this survey a new application paradigm life and safety for critical operations and missions using wearable Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) technology is introduced. This paradigm has a vast scope of applications, including disaster management, worker safety in harsh environments such as roadside and building workers, mobile health monitoring, ambient assisted living and many more. It is often the case that during the critical operations and the target conditions, the existing infrastructure is either absent, damaged or overcrowded. In this context, it is envisioned that WBANs will enable the quick deployment of ad-hoc/on-the-fly communication networks to help save many lives and ensuring people's safety. However, to understand the applications more deeply and their specific characteristics and requirements, this survey presents a comprehensive study on the applications scenarios, their context and specific requirements. It explores details of the key enabling standards, existing state-of-the-art research studies, and projects to understand their limitations before realizing aforementioned applications. Application-specific challenges and issues are discussed comprehensively from various perspectives and future research and development directions are highlighted as an inspiration for new innovative solutions. To conclude, this survey opens up a good opportunity for companies and research centers to investigate old but still new problems, in the realm of wearable technologies, which are increasingly evolving and getting more and more attention recently.

  2. Relationship between patient safety climate and standard precaution adherence: a systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hessels, A J; Larson, E L

    2016-04-01

    Standard precaution (SP) adherence is universally suboptimal, despite being a core component of healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) prevention and healthcare worker (HCW) safety. Emerging evidence suggests that patient safety climate (PSC) factors may improve HCW behaviours. Our aim was to examine the relationship between PSC and SP adherence by HCWs in acute care hospitals. A systematic review was conducted as guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. Three electronic databases were comprehensively searched for literature published or available in English between 2000 and 2014. Seven of 888 articles identified were eligible for final inclusion in the review. Two reviewers independently assessed study quality using a validated quality tool. The seven articles were assigned quality scores ranging from 7 to 10 of 10 possible points. Five measured all aspects of SP and two solely measured needlestick and sharps handling. Three included a secondary outcome of HCW exposure; none included HCAIs. All reported a statistically significant relationship between better PSC and greater SP adherence and used data from self-report surveys including validated PSC measures or measures of management support and leadership. Although limited in number, studies were of high quality and confirmed that PSC and SP adherence were correlated, suggesting that efforts to improve PSC may enhance adherence to a core component of HCAI prevention and HCW safety. More clearly evident is the need for additional high-quality research.

  3. Food safety standards for Beijing 2008 Olympics-Hastening the parturition of international brands of Chinese meal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ According to the predicted statistics of the Beijing Municipal Food Safety Office, during the period of Beijing 2008 Olympics, over 13 millions of meals will be served to the athlete delegations, work personnel and journalists of various countries and the on-site spectators. To ensure the safety of food serving, the Beijing municipal government has specially worked out and initiated an outline for action on food safety. The strict standard on food safety required by the International Olympics Committee will also promote the pace of internationalization of Chinese food and drinks.

  4. Development of technology-neutral safety requirements for the regulation of future nuclear power reactors: Back to basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tronea, Madalina, E-mail: madalina.tronea@gmail.co [Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest (Romania)

    2011-03-15

    This paper explores the current trends as regards the development of technology-neutral safety requirements to be used in the regulation of future nuclear power reactors and the role of the quantitative safety goals in the design of reactor safety systems. The use of the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) on protection against potential exposure could form the basis of a technology-neutral framework for safety requirements on new reactor designs and could contribute to international harmonisation of nuclear safety assessment practices as part of the licensing processes for future nuclear power plants.

  5. SAFETY

    CERN Multimedia

    Niels Dupont

    2013-01-01

    CERN Safety rules and Radiation Protection at CMS The CERN Safety rules are defined by the Occupational Health & Safety and Environmental Protection Unit (HSE Unit), CERN’s institutional authority and central Safety organ attached to the Director General. In particular the Radiation Protection group (DGS-RP1) ensures that personnel on the CERN sites and the public are protected from potentially harmful effects of ionising radiation linked to CERN activities. The RP Group fulfils its mandate in collaboration with the CERN departments owning or operating sources of ionising radiation and having the responsibility for Radiation Safety of these sources. The specific responsibilities concerning "Radiation Safety" and "Radiation Protection" are delegated as follows: Radiation Safety is the responsibility of every CERN Department owning radiation sources or using radiation sources put at its disposition. These Departments are in charge of implementing the requi...

  6. From optimal to practical safety standards for dike-ring areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eijgenraam, C J J

    2007-01-01

    After the flood disaster in 1953 in the southwestern part of the Netherlands, Van Dantzig tried to solve the economic decision problem concerning the optimal height of dikes. His solution has a fixed probability of flooding after each investment. However, when there is economic growth, not the probability of flooding but the expected yearly loss by flooding is the key variable in the real optimal safety strategy. Under some conditions, it is optimal to keep this expected loss within a constant interval. Therefore, when the potential damage increases by economic growth, the flooding probability has to decline in the course of time in order to keep the expected loss between the fixed boundaries. The purpose of the paper is to show the implications of the optimal solution in case there are differences between costs and benefits among dike-ring areas. Further, the paper focuses on the translation of the theoretical results into new legal standards that can work well in practice.

  7. 29 CFR 500.133 - Substantive Federal and State safety and health standards defined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant Workers Housing Safety and Health § 500.133 Substantive Federal and State safety and...

  8. Development of food establishments to ensure compliance with food safety standard Pom Prap Sattru Phai District, Bangkok

    OpenAIRE

    Chawsithiwong; Dendara

    2014-01-01

    Objectives of this survey research were: 1to determine compliance with food safety standard of food establishments in the Pom Prap Sattru Phai District, Bangkok 2) to analyze the factors associated with compliance with food safety and 3) to investigate problems, obstacles and guidelines for the development of food establishments in the studied area. Data Collection by a questionnaire of 120 samples from a population of 168 between April –June,2013 was accomplished. The computer statistical an...

  9. Overview of Development and Deployment of Codes, Standards and Regulations Affecting Energy Storage System Safety in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conover, David R.

    2014-08-22

    This report acquaints stakeholders and interested parties involved in the development and/or deployment of energy storage systems (ESS) with the subject of safety-related codes, standards and regulations (CSRs). It is hoped that users of this document gain a more in depth and uniform understanding of safety-related CSR development and deployment that can foster improved communications among all ESS stakeholders and the collaboration needed to realize more timely acceptance and approval of safe ESS technology through appropriate CSR.

  10. Safety

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Please note that the safety codes A9, A10 AND A11 (ex annexes of SAPOCO/42) entitled respectively "Safety responsibilities in the divisions" "The safety policy committee (SAPOCO) and safety officers' committees" and "Administrative procedure following a serious accident or incident" are available on the web at the following URLs: Code A9: http://edms.cern.ch/document/337016/LAST_RELEASED Code A10: http://edms.cern.ch/document/337019/LAST_RELEASED Code A11: http://edms.cern.ch/document/337026/LAST_RELEASED Paper copies can also be obtained from the TIS divisional secretariat, e-mail: tis.secretariat@cern.ch. TIS Secretariat

  11. Assuring food safety: the complementary tasks and standards of the World Organisation for Animal Health and the Codex Alimentarius Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slorach, S A

    2006-08-01

    The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures of the World Trade Organization specifically recognises the international standards developed by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC). OIE standards focus on animal health and zoonoses and those of the CAC on food safety, but since zoonoses can affect food safety, it is vital that the two organisations cooperate closely to avoid duplication of effort, gaps and conflicting standards. The OIE has established an Animal Production Food Safety Working Group to promote cooperation with the CAC and to act as a steering committee for the OIE's work programme on the development of standards aimed at protecting consumers from foodborne hazards arising from animals at the production level of the food chain. This paper describes briefly how standards are developed by the OIE and the CAC and gives examples of how the tasks and standards of the two organisations complement each other in helping to assure food safety. The areas covered include meat hygiene, the identification and traceability of live animals, model certificates for international trade, antimicrobial resistance, veterinary drugs, animal feed, and salmonellosis.

  12. Efficacy and safety of totally tubeless standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with kidney stones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Aydın

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL is the first- line treatment for large and complex renal calculi. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of the totally tubeless PNL versus the standard PNL. Methods:Between January 2012 and July 2013, 73 selected patients were treated standard or totally tubeless PNL, nephrostomy tube and ureteral stent was not placed at the end of the operation in 35 (39.7% (Group 1 of them and 38 (43.1% (Group 2 patient underwent standard PNL. Stone disintegration was performed with a pneumatic lithotripter. We retrospectively compared patient and stone characteristics, operation time, duration of hospitalization, analgesia requirements, stone-free rate, operative findings, blood loss, and perioperative complications between two groups. Results:The mean operation time, excluding the preparation course, was 38,3±15,4 minutes vs 51,2±12,9 minutes and mean fluoroscopy time was 4,5±2,4 minutes vs 4,8±2,1 minutes, respectively. No significant intraoperative complication or indication additional access or second-look PNL due to residual stones was observed. In both groups none of the patients demonstrated a urinoma, hemorrhage or residual stones in postoperative ultrasonography and plain radiograph. Blood transfusion was needed only in a patient vs two patients for group 1 and 2, respectively. There were no significant differences in preoperative patient characteristics, postoperative complications between two groups, but the totally tubeless PNL group showed a shorter hospitalization and a lesser analgesic requirement compared with other group. Conclusion: Absence of the nephrostomy tube and ureteral stent may help in keeping the patient comfortable after the operation and reduction in the analgesia requirement and length of hospital stay. We believe totally tubeless PNL is safe and effective management option in properly selected cases.

  13. Yttrium-90 Radioembolization for Unresectable Standard-chemorefractory Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Survival, Efficacy, and Safety Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rafi, Shoaib; Piduru, Sarat M. [Emory University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Medicine, Department of Radiology (United States); El-Rayes, Bassel; Kauh, John S. [Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology (United States); Kooby, David A.; Sarmiento, Juan M. [Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Surgical Oncology in Surgery (United States); Kim, Hyun S., E-mail: kevin.kim@emory.edu [Emory University School of Medicine, Division of Interventional Radiology and Image Guided Medicine, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2013-04-15

    To assess the overall survival, efficacy, and safety of radioembolization with yttrium-90 (Y90) for unresectable standard-chemorefractory intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Patients with unresectable standard-chemorefractory ICC treated with Y90 were studied. Survival was calculated from the date of first Y90 procedure. Tumor response was assessed with the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria on follow-up computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans. National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria (NCI CTCAE), version 3, were used for complications. Statistical analysis was performed by the Kaplan-Meier estimator by the log rank test. Nineteen patients underwent a total of 24 resin-based Y90 treatments. Median survival from the time of diagnosis and first Y90 procedure was 752 {+-} 193 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 374-1130] and 345 {+-} 128 (95 % CI 95-595) days, respectively. Median survival with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 1 (n = 15) and ECOG performance status 2 (n = 4) was 450 {+-} 190 (95 % CI 78-822) and 345 {+-} 227 (95 % CI 0-790) days, respectively (p = .214). Patients with extrahepatic metastasis (n = 11) had a median survival of 404 {+-} 309 (95 % CI 0-1010) days versus 345 {+-} 117 (95 % CI 115-575) days for patients without metastasis (n = 8) (p = .491). No mortality was reported within 30 days from first Y90 radioembolization. One patient developed grade 3 thrombocytopenia as assessed by NCI CTCAE. Fatigue and transient abdominal pain were observed in 4 (21 %) and 6 (32 %) patients, respectively. Y90 radioembolization is effective for unresectable standard-chemorefractory ICC.

  14. 75 FR 17605 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Roof Crush Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ... Auto Safety, Center for Auto Safety, Consumer Federation of America and Ms. Joan Claybrook. We will.... According to the IIHS, a metal plate is pushed against one side of a roof at a constant speed. To earn...

  15. Lift truck safety review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadwallader, L.C.

    1997-03-01

    This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.

  16. Basic Program Elements for Federal employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and related matters; Subpart I for Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    OSHA is issuing a final rule amending the Basic Program Elements to require Federal agencies to submit their occupational injury and illness recordkeeping information to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and OSHA on an annual basis. The information, which is already required to be created and maintained by Federal agencies, will be used by BLS to aggregate injury and illness information throughout the Federal government. OSHA will use the information to identify Federal establishments with high incidence rates for targeted inspection, and assist in determining the most effective safety and health training for Federal employees. The final rule also interprets several existing basic program elements in our regulations to clarify requirements applicable to Federal agencies, amends the date when Federal agencies must submit to the Secretary of Labor their annual report on occupational safety and health programs, amends the date when the Secretary of Labor must submit to the President the annual report on Federal agency safety and health, and clarifies that Federal agencies must include uncompensated volunteers when reporting and recording occupational injuries and illnesses.

  17. Road Safety Data, Collection, Transfer and Analysis DaCoTa. Factsheet Traffic safety basic facts 2010 : young people (aged 18-24).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yannis, G. Evgenikos, P. Argyropoulou, E. Papantoniou, P. Broughton, J. Knowles, J. Brandstaetter, C. Candappa, N. Christoph, M. Vis, M. Pace, J.-F. López de Cozar, E. Pérez-Fuster, P. Sanmartín, J. Haddak, M. Moutengou, E. & Kirk, A.

    2012-01-01

    In this Basic Fact Sheet, „young people? are defined as those who are between 18 and 24 years old. In general, young people worldwide are far more likely to be victims in road accidents than people in any other age group. More than 58.000 persons aged 18-24 years old were killed in traffic accidents

  18. 77 FR 72998 - Policy Statement on Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Aircraft Cabin Crewmembers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Parts 91, 121, 125 and 135 Policy Statement on Occupational Safety... a proposed policy statement regarding the regulation of some occupational safety and health conditions affecting cabin crewmembers on aircraft by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration...

  19. 78 FR 10107 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules To Establish Standards...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... central framework for, the modern food safety system envisioned by Congress in the FDA Food Safety..., prevention-based food safety system. Among other things, FSMA requires FDA to issue regulations requiring... concept of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) that was pioneered by industry in the...

  20. 76 FR 59742 - Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... methane gas that is released in the mine atmosphere during the mining cycle. (2) An atmospheric monitoring... Safety and Health Administration Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety... the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 and 30 CFR part 44 govern the application,...

  1. Investigating performance, reliability and safety parameters of photovoltaic module inverter: Test results and compliances with the standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Islam, Saiful; Belmans, Ronnie [Department of Electrical Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, ESAT/ELECTA, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Woyte, Achim [Verenigingsstraat 39, B-1000 Brussel (Belgium); Heskes, P.J.M.; Rooij, P.M. [Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, P.O. Box 1, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands)

    2006-07-15

    Reliability, safety and quality requirements for a new type of photovoltaic module inverter have been identified and its performance has been evaluated for prototypes. The laboratory tests have to show whether the so-called second generation photovoltaic module inverter can comply with the expectations and where improvements are still necessary. Afterwards, the test results have been compared with the internationals standards. (author)

  2. 20 CFR 667.274 - What health and safety standards apply to the working conditions of participants in activities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... working conditions of participants in activities under title I of WIA? 667.274 Section 667.274 Employees... and safety standards apply to the working conditions of participants in activities under title I of... working conditions of employees are equally applicable to working conditions of participants engaged...

  3. 75 FR 25927 - Vehicle/Track Interaction Safety Standards; High-Speed and High Cant Deficiency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] Part II Department of Transportation Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Parts 213 and 238 Vehicle/Track Interaction Safety Standards; High-Speed and High Cant Deficiency Operations; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol....

  4. 76 FR 11415 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Power-Operated Window, Partition, and Roof Panel Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... Standards; Power-Operated Window, Partition, and Roof Panel Systems AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety... requirements for automatic reversal systems (ARS) for power windows and to make a final decision. The agency... any new requirements for automatic reversal systems (ARS) and are withdrawing our 2009...

  5. Introducing standardized “readbacks” to improve patient safety in surgery: a prospective survey in 92 providers at a public safety-net hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakar Hari

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Communication breakdowns represent the main root cause of preventable complications which lead to harm to surgical patients. Standardized readbacks have been successfully implemented as a main pillar of professional aviation safety for decades, to ensure a safe closed-loop communication between air traffic control and individual pilots. The present study was designed to determine the perception of staff in perioperative services regarding the role of standardized readbacks for improving patient safety in surgery at a single public safety-net hospital and level 1 trauma center. Methods A 12-item questionnaire was sent to 180 providers in perioperative services at Denver Health Medical Center. The survey was designed to determine the individual participants’ perception of (1 appropriateness of current readback processes; (2 willingness to attend a future training module on this topic; (3 specific scenarios in which readbacks may be effective; and (4 perceived major barriers to the implementation of standardized readbacks. Survey results were compared between departments (surgery versus anesthesia and between specific staff roles (attending or midlevel provider, resident physician, nursing staff, using non-parametric tests. Results The response rate to the survey was 50.1 % (n = 92. Respondents overwhelmingly recognized the role of readbacks in reducing communication errors and improving patient safety. There was a strong agreement among respondents to support participation in a readbacks training program. There was no difference in the responses between the surgery and anesthesia departments. There was a statistically significant difference in the healthcare providers willingness to attend a short training module on readbacks (p  The main challenge for respondents, which emanated from their responses, appeared to relate to determining the ideal scenarios in which readbacks may be most appropriately used. Overall

  6. Basic Skills Provision for the Have-Nots: A Rights Hoax? Re-Examining International Standards on the Right to Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gynther, Paivi

    2011-01-01

    In the present era of accelerating globalisation of the labour market and education, access to knowledge of value has become increasingly complicated. This study enquired into the rights to post-compulsory basic education by analysing the contemporary standard-setting instruments of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European…

  7. Updated laser safety & hazard analysis for the ARES laser system based on the 2007 ANSI Z136.1 standard.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Augustoni, Arnold L.

    2007-08-01

    A laser safety and hazard analysis was performed for the temperature stabilized Big Sky Laser Technology (BSLT) laser central to the ARES system based on the 2007 version of the American National Standards Institutes (ANSI) Standard Z136.1, for Safe Use of Lasers and the 2005 version of the ANSI Standard Z136.6, for Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors. The ARES laser system is a Van/Truck based mobile platform, which is used to perform laser interaction experiments and tests at various national test sites.

  8. Overview of the U.S. DOE Hydrogen Safety, Codes and Standards Program. Part 4: Hydrogen Sensors; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buttner, William J.; Rivkin, Carl; Burgess, Robert; Brosha, Eric; Mukundan, Rangachary; James, C. Will; Keller, Jay

    2016-12-01

    Hydrogen sensors are recognized as a critical element in the safety design for any hydrogen system. In this role, sensors can perform several important functions including indication of unintended hydrogen releases, activation of mitigation strategies to preclude the development of dangerous situations, activation of alarm systems and communication to first responders, and to initiate system shutdown. The functionality of hydrogen sensors in this capacity is decoupled from the system being monitored, thereby providing an independent safety component that is not affected by the system itself. The importance of hydrogen sensors has been recognized by DOE and by the Fuel Cell Technologies Office's Safety and Codes Standards (SCS) program in particular, which has for several years supported hydrogen safety sensor research and development. The SCS hydrogen sensor programs are currently led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The current SCS sensor program encompasses the full range of issues related to safety sensors, including development of advance sensor platforms with exemplary performance, development of sensor-related code and standards, outreach to stakeholders on the role sensors play in facilitating deployment, technology evaluation, and support on the proper selection and use of sensors.

  9. MINE DEGASIFICATION AS BASIC SAFETY ELEMENT IN THE UNDERGROUND PARTS OF GASSY COAL MINES IN THE OSTRAVA – KARVINÁ COALFIELD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlastimil Hudeček

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article, degasification methods to drain the gas from the underground parts of coal mines in the Czech Republic are described. The authors are concerned with the possibilities of and new trends in ensuring safety by means of drilling operations. Examples of applications of degasification in mine plants in the Czech Republic, above all in a hard coal deposit in the Ostrava-Karviná Coalfield in the Upper Silesian Basin are presented.

  10. 75 FR 48593 - Pipeline Safety: Periodic Updates of Regulatory References to Technical Standards and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... Part 195 Anhydrous ammonia, Carbon Dioxide, Incorporation by Reference, Petroleum Pipeline safety. 0 In..., ``Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks Nonrefrigerated and Refrigerated'' (5th edition,...

  11. 76 FR 77183 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... responsible for conducting defect investigations and administering safety recalls in support of NHTSA's... expensive airbag from deploying unnecessarily; how about a sensor in the driver's seat that prevents...

  12. 78 FR 77660 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request-Safety Standards for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... contact: Robert H. Squibb, Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814... information technology. Dated: December 19, 2013. Todd A. Stevenson, Secretary, Consumer Product...

  13. 28 CFR 97.20 - Standards to ensure the safety of violent prisoners during transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... prisoners during transport. 97.20 Section 97.20 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED... safety of violent prisoners during transport. Companies covered under this section must comply with applicable State and federal laws that govern the safety of violent prisoners during transport. In...

  14. 76 FR 78 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard; Engine Control Module Speed Limiter Device

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... posted speed limit of 55 mph that was in effect in 1991. \\2\\ Comercial Motor Vehicle Speed Control... improved truck designs. \\3\\ Comercial Motor Vehicle Speed Control Devices (1991), DOT HS 807 725. TCA... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety...

  15. 75 FR 6123 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Occupant Crash Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 49 CFR Part 571 RIN 2127-AK57 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety... final rule that amended the child restraint systems (CRSs) prescribed in Appendix A of Federal Motor... Manufacturers (Alliance),\\5\\ Ford Motor Company (Ford), Evenflo Company, Incorporated (Evenflo), IEE S.A....

  16. Training to Support Standardization and Improvement of Safety I and C Related Verification and Validation Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ammon, G.; Schoenfelder, C.

    2014-07-01

    In recent years AREVA has conducted several measures to enhance the effectiveness of safety I and C related verification and validation activities within nuclear power plant (NPP) new build as well as modernization projects, thereby further strengthening its commitment to achieving the highest level of safety in nuclear facilities. (Author)

  17. 29 CFR 500.103 - Activities not subject to vehicle safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LABOR REGULATIONS MIGRANT AND SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL WORKER PROTECTION Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers, Housing Safety and Health for Migrant... the Act and these regulations do not apply to the transportation of any seasonal or...

  18. Discussion on relations between the construction of enterprise safety culture and the construction of safety standardization%浅议企业安全文化建设与安全标准化建设的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨凯; 吕淑然

    2012-01-01

    At present the construction of enterprise safety standardization is carried out in the domestic enterprise, at the same time with the construction of safety culture in all sectors in advance, the modern enterprises in its improvement and development pay more and more attention to the effect and influence, of the enterprise safety culture. For many enterprises, the relationship between the construction of safety standardization and construction of enterprise safety culture is confused. The levels of the enterprise safety culture and the relationships between levels and the relevant contents of the construction of enterprise safety standardization were firstly introduced in this paper, then the relationship between the construction of enterprise safety culture and construction of safety standardization was analyzed, finally the conclusion that construction of safety standardization is an important component of enterprise safety culture was drawn. The construction of safety standardization is one of the important measures for building safety culture. Through the construction of safety standardization, enterprises can improve their deficiencies in the safety culture in construction. This paper can provide a reference for the enterprise about the implementation of construction of safety standardization and the safety culture, and enable enterprises to achieve the purpose of production safety.%目前由于国内各企业正在开展企业安全标准化建设工作,很多企业对安全标准化建设与企业安全文化建设之间的关系感到困惑.本文首先介绍了企业安全文化的层次和各层次间的关系以及安全标准化建设的相关内容,然后分析了企业安全文化建设与安全标准化建设之间的关系,最后得出安全标准化建设是企业安全文化的重要组成这一结论.安全标准化建设是建设安全文化的重要措施之一,企业可以通过安全标准化的建设来完善其在安全文化建设中的

  19. 16 CFR Figure 2 to Part 1203 - ISO Headform-Basic, Reference, and Median Planes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false ISO Headform-Basic, Reference, and Median Planes 2 Figure 2 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Fig. 2 Figure 2 to Part...

  20. SRAM-Based FPGA Systems for Safety-Critical Applications:A Survey on Design Standards and Proposed Methodologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cinzia Bernardeschi; Luca Cassano; Andrea Domenici

    2015-01-01

    As the ASIC design cost becomes affordable only for very large-scale productions, the FPGA technology is currently becoming the leading technology for those applications that require a small-scale production. FPGAs can be considered as a technology crossing between hardware and software. Only a small-number of standards for the design of safety-critical systems give guidelines and recommendations that take the peculiarities of the FPGA technology into consideration. The main contribution of this paper is an overview of the existing design standards that regulate the design and verification of FPGA-based systems in safety-critical application fields. Moreover, the paper proposes a survey of significant published research proposals and existing industrial guidelines about the topic, and collects and reports about some lessons learned from industrial and research pro jects involving the use of FPGA devices.

  1. Occupational Safety and Health Guide (OSH Guide) (CD-ROM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federal agencies in assessing their compliance with the standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and it may be used in...combination with an agency-specific manual. The OSH Guide is based on Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Occupational Safety and Health...Standards, and Part 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. Part 1960, Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Mafters, is also included.

  2. 77 FR 74144 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Event Data Recorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000... used by Advanced Automatic Crash Notification (AACN) systems to aid emergency response teams in... Data Recorders and Laboratory Instrumentation,'' Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference...

  3. 78 FR 6762 - Food and Drug Administration Food Safety Modernization Act: Proposed Rules To Establish Standards...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ..., Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-009), Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch... amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) to establish the foundation of...

  4. 78 FR 18965 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: Safety Standard for Cigarette Lighters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ....regulations.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Robert H. Squibb, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission... collection to the federal government is $344,618. Dated: March 25, 2013. Todd A. Stevenson,...

  5. 77 FR 76003 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request- Safety Standard for Automatic Residential Garage Door...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ...: Robert H. Squibb, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814... industries: http://www.bls.gov/ncs ). Dated: December 20, 2012. Todd A. Stevenson, Secretary,...

  6. Inventory of Safety-related Codes and Standards for Energy Storage Systems with some Experiences related to Approval and Acceptance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conover, David R.

    2014-09-11

    The purpose of this document is to identify laws, rules, model codes, codes, standards, regulations, specifications (CSR) related to safety that could apply to stationary energy storage systems (ESS) and experiences to date securing approval of ESS in relation to CSR. This information is intended to assist in securing approval of ESS under current CSR and to identification of new CRS or revisions to existing CRS and necessary supporting research and documentation that can foster the deployment of safe ESS.

  7. Adjustment of the Brazilian radioprotection standards to the safety principles of the International Atomic Energy Agency; Adequacao das normas brasileiras de radioprotecao aos principios fundamentais de seguranca da International Atomic Energy Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Wagner de S.; Py Junior, Delcy de A., E-mail: pereiraws@gmail.com [Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (INB), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Unidade de Tratamento de Minerio. Grupo Multidisciplinar de Radioprotecao; Kelecom, Alphonse, E-mail: akelecom@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (LARARA-PLS/GETA/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Grupo de Estudos em Temas Ambientais. Lab. de Radiobiologia e Radiometria Pedro Lopes dos Santos; Pereira, Juliana R. de S., E-mail: pereirarsj@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has a recommendation with 10 basic safety principles (Fundamental Safety Principles Safety Fundamentals series, number SF-1), which are: 1) Responsibility for safety; 2) Role for government; 3) Leadership and management for safety; 4) Justification of facilities and activities; 5) Optimization of protection; 6) Limitation of risk to individuals; 7) Protection of present and futures generations; 8) Prevention of accidents; 9) Emergency preparedness and response and 10) Protection actions to reduce existing or unregulated radiations risk. The aim of this study is to verify that the Brazilian standards of radiation protection meet the principles described above and how well suited to them. The analysis of the national radiation protection regulatory system, developed and deployed by the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), showed that out of the ten items, two are covered partially, the number 2 and 10. The others are fully met. The item 2 the fact that the regulatory body (CNEN) be stock controller of a large company in the sector put in check its independence as a regulatory body. In item 10 the Brazilian standard of radiation protection does not provide explicit resolution of environmental liabilities.

  8. Study on the Quality Management of Basic Level Inspection and Testing Laboratory of Agricultural Product Quality and Safety%基层农产品质量安全检测实验室质量管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尧琴; 杨丽军; 张乃华

    2012-01-01

    The basic level inspection and testing laboratory of agricultural product quality and safety plays an important role in managing agricultural product quality and safety.In order to ensure and further improve the testing capability and standard,the laboratory should establish and document a comprehensive quality management system,focused on the essential aspects for enhancing the quality management,including the starting point of quality management,quality policy and objective,professional training,organizational culture,instrument acquisition and record management.%基层农产品质量安全检测实验室在农产品质量安全监督管理中具有重要的作用。为了保证和提高检测能力和水平,实验室应当建立完善的质量管理体系并形成文件,抓住质量管理的起点、质量方针和目标、教育培训、组织文化、仪器配置、记录管理等重点环节,加强质量管理。

  9. SAFETY

    CERN Multimedia

    M. Plagge, C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

    2013-01-01

    Fire Safety – Essential for a particle detector The CMS detector is a marvel of high technology, one of the most precise particle measurement devices we have built until now. Of course it has to be protected from external and internal incidents like the ones that can occur from fires. Due to the fire load, the permanent availability of oxygen and the presence of various ignition sources mostly based on electricity this has to be addressed. Starting from the beam pipe towards the magnet coil, the detector is protected by flooding it with pure gaseous nitrogen during operation. The outer shell of CMS, namely the yoke and the muon chambers are then covered by an emergency inertion system also based on nitrogen. To ensure maximum fire safety, all materials used comply with the CERN regulations IS 23 and IS 41 with only a few exceptions. Every piece of the 30-tonne polyethylene shielding is high-density material, borated, boxed within steel and coated with intumescent (a paint that creates a thick co...

  10. SAFETY

    CERN Multimedia

    C. Schaefer and N. Dupont

    2013-01-01

      “Safety is the highest priority”: this statement from CERN is endorsed by the CMS management. An interpretation of this statement may bring you to the conclusion that you should stop working in order to avoid risks. If the safety is the priority, work is not! This would be a misunderstanding and misinterpretation. One should understand that “working safely” or “operating safely” is the priority at CERN. CERN personnel are exposed to different hazards on many levels on a daily basis. However, risk analyses and assessments are done in order to limit the number and the gravity of accidents. For example, this process takes place each time you cross the road. The hazard is the moving vehicle, the stake is you and the risk might be the risk of collision between both. The same principle has to be applied during our daily work. In particular, keeping in mind the general principles of prevention defined in the late 1980s. These principles wer...

  11. Managing electrical safety

    CERN Document Server

    Wiggins, James H, Jr

    2001-01-01

    Managing Electrical Safety provides an overview of electric basics, hazards, and established standards that enables you to understand the hazards you are likely to encounter in your workplace. Focusing on typical industrial environments-which utilize voltages much higher than household or office circuits-the author identifies the eight key components of an electrical safety program and examines each using a model safety management process. You'll learn how to identify electrical hazards, how to prescribe necessary electrical Personal Protective Equipment, how to ensure that equipment is de-ene

  12. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONAL STANDARD «SAFE LIFE OF THE POPULATION ON RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATED TERRITORIES. SAFE USE OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS. THE BASIC FRAMEWORK»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. A. Marchenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As part of the implementation of the Federal target program «Managing the consequences of radiation accidents for the period till 2015» the National Standard «Safe life of the population on radioactive contaminated territories. Safe use of agricultural lands. The basic framework» has been developed. Its aim is to ensure safe use of agricultural lands in the areas affected by radiation incidents, accidents and disasters.

  13. Interim radiological safety standards and evaluation procedures for subseabed high-level waste disposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klett, R.D.

    1997-06-01

    The Seabed Disposal Project (SDP) was evaluating the technical feasibility of high-level nuclear waste disposal in deep ocean sediments. Working standards were needed for risk assessments, evaluation of alternative designs, sensitivity studies, and conceptual design guidelines. This report completes a three part program to develop radiological standards for the feasibility phase of the SDP. The characteristics of subseabed disposal and how they affect the selection of standards are discussed. General radiological protection standards are reviewed, along with some new methods, and a systematic approach to developing standards is presented. The selected interim radiological standards for the SDP and the reasons for their selection are given. These standards have no legal or regulatory status and will be replaced or modified by regulatory agencies if subseabed disposal is implemented. 56 refs., 29 figs., 15 tabs.

  14. The Effect of Transient Students' Scores on the Norm of One High School's Standardized Basic Skills Test Battery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Carolyn Stevens

    The effect of the standardized test scores of transient students on the mean of the 9th, 10th, and 11th grade standardized test scores of a school was studied. The groups used in the study were grades 9, 10, and 11 at a new high school in Clarksburg (West Virginia). The study was conducted in the spring of 1998. Groups consisted of 204 9th…

  15. Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the process SOREPET GR based on EREMA Basic technology used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids deals with the safety assessment of the recycling process SOREPET GR (EU register No RECYC073 which is based on the EREMA Basic technology. The input to the process is hot caustic washed and dried poly(ethylene terephthalate (PET flakes originating from collected post-consumer PET containers, mainly bottles and containing no more than 5 % PET from non-food consumer applications. In this process, washed and dried PET flakes are heated in a continuous reactor under vacuum before being extruded. Having examined the results of the challenge test provided, the Panel concluded that the continuous reactor is the critical step that determines the decontamination efficiency of the process. The operating parameters to control its performance are well defined and are temperature, pressure and residence time. Under these conditions, it was demonstrated that the recycling process is able to ensure that the level of migration of potential unknown contaminants into food is below the modelled migration of 0.1 μg/kg food derived from the exposure scenario for infants and 0.15 μg/kg food derived from the exposure scenario for toddlers. The Panel concluded that recycled PET obtained from the process is not of safety concern when used to manufacture articles intended for food contact materials applications in compliance with the conditions as specified in the conclusion of the opinion.

  16. 76 FR 53660 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Seat Belt Assemblies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... devote resources towards this at this time. B. Preliminary Analysis of Real World Crash Data Although the petitioner did not provide data showing a real world safety problem, the agency examined its crash data as... purchase aftermarket webbing cutters. The agency reviewed its data on fatal crashes and could...

  17. 76 FR 41181 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-13

    ... comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal... of your submissions.\\4\\ \\4\\ Optical character recognition (OCR) is the process of converting an image... economically significant as defined under E.O. 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental, health or safety...

  18. 78 FR 2662 - Proposed Extension of Approval of Information Collection; Comment Request: Safety Standard for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY... ] personal information provided, to http://www.regulations.gov . Do not submit confidential business... description of each model of lighter, results of surrogate qualification tests for compliance with...

  19. 77 FR 59673 - Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ...) (Safety defects; examination, correction and records). Modification Request: The petitioner requests a... operations is of the utmost importance, and believes that the request in this petition would not distract... petitioner states that due to the remote location of the mine it has become burdensome to keep two...

  20. Safety effects of road design standards in Europe. Contribution to the International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design Practices, Session on Safety and Human Factors Considerations, Boston, Massachusetts, August 30 - September 1, 1995.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegman, F.C.M. & Slop, M.

    1996-01-01

    This paper deals with the result of a study carried out for the European Commission by the SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, in co-operation with a number of other European institutes, and which was reported in 1994. The title of the study is "Safety Effects of Road Design Standards." The aim

  1. The Prototype Database for Management of Revision and Compilation of Nuclear & Radiation Safety Regulations and Standards%核与辐射安全法规标准制修订管理原型数据库系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文海; 张弛; 樊赟; 杨丽丽; 刘黎明; 李小丁

    2011-01-01

    介绍了核与辐射安全法规标准制修订管理系统的基本需求,原型数据库系统的数据结构、终端软件的功能以及原型数据库系统的应用情况。%The article describes basic needs of users of a database for management of revision and compilation of nuclear radiation safety regulations and standards,the data structure of the Prototype Database, the function of the Client software of the Prototype Database and the application of the Prototype Database.

  2. Safe China final report. Promoting the EU and German standards and practices of environmental protection and industrial safety in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jovanovic, A.; Guntrum, R.; Liu, Y. (eds.)

    2013-07-01

    This document presents the results of the international technology transfer and cooperation project SafeChina (''Promoting the EU and German standards and practices of Environmental Protection and Industrial Safety in China'', www.safechina.risk-technologies.com). The purpose of the project was to build an education, training and certification infrastructure and to offer to Chinese engineers and other professionals the possibility to learn about the EU HSE practices and regulation and qualify as Environmental- and Safety engineers according to the EU criteria, guidelines and practice. The main partners in the project have been Steinbeis University Berlin/Steinbeis Transfer Institute Advanced Risk Technologies, and the OEG mbH (Deutsche lnvestitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH), subsidiary of KfW Banking Group, Germany. Main Chinese partners were Beijing Municipal Institute of Labour Protection and Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing.

  3. LIMITATION OF POPULATION EXPOSURE INDOORS DUE TO NATURAL IRRADIATION SOURCES: IAEA NEW SAFETY STANDARDS PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. P. Stamat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available An article contains the analysis of the main expected changes in the setting standards of population exposure from natural sources in connection with the publication of the new IAEA standard «Protection of the Public against Exposure Indoors due to Natural Sources of Radiation».

  4. 77 FR 71717 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... applicable regulatory requirements; incorporating important agency interpretations of the existing... impact on the substantive requirements of the standard. The December 4, 2007 final rule made several... color requirements in the standard, the Visual Method or the Tristimulus Method. The blue and...

  5. American Society of Clinical Oncology/Oncology Nursing Society chemotherapy administration safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Joseph O; Polovich, Martha; McNiff, Kristen K; LeFebvre, Kristine B; Cummings, Charmaine; Galioto, Michele; Bonelli, Katherine R; McCorkle, Michele R

    2009-11-01

    Standardization of care can reduce the risk of errors, increase efficiency, and provide a framework for best practice. In 2008, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) invited a broad range of stakeholders to create a set of standards for the administration of chemotherapy to adult patients in the outpatient setting. At the close of a full-day structured workshop, 64 draft standards were proposed. After a formal process of electronic voting and conference calls, 29 draft standards were eliminated, resulting in a final list of 35 draft measures. The proposed set of standards was posted for 6 weeks of open public comment. Three hundred twenty-two comments were reviewed by the Steering Group and used as the basis for final editing to a final set of standards. The final list includes 31 standards encompassing seven domains, which include the following: review of clinical information and selection of a treatment regimen; treatment planning and informed consent; ordering of treatment; drug preparation; assessment of treatment compliance; administration and monitoring; assessment of response and toxicity monitoring. Adherence to ASCO and ONS standards for safe chemotherapy administration should be a goal of all providers of adult cancer care.

  6. 78 FR 49996 - Pipeline Safety: Periodic Updates of Regulatory References to Technical Standards and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment... cracking. At the same time, PHMSA and the API formed a working group to evaluate the need for a truck... ASTM D2513-09a, ``Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and...

  7. Critical features of an auditable management system for an ISO 9000-compatible occupational health and safety standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, S; Dyjack, D T

    1997-04-01

    An International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001: 1994-harmonized occupational health and safety (OHS) management system has been written at the University of Michigan, and reviewed, revised, and accepted under the direction of the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) Task Force and the Board of Directors. This system is easily adaptable to the ISO 14001 format and to both OHS and environmental management system applications. As was the case with ISO 9001: 1994, this system is expected to be compatible with current production quality and OHS quality systems and standards, have forward compatibility for new applications, and forward flexibility, with new features added as needed. Since ISO 9001: 1987 and 9001: 1994 have been applied worldwide, the incorporation of harmonized OHS and environmental management system components should be acceptable to business units already performing first-party (self-) auditing, and second-party (contract qualification) auditing. This article explains the basis of this OHS management system, its relationship to ISO 9001 and 14001 standards, the philosophy and methodology of an ISO-harmonized system audit, the relationship of these systems to traditional OHS audit systems, and the authors' vision of the future for application of such systems.

  8. Motor unit recruitment cannot be inferred from surface EMG amplitude and basic reporting standards must be adhered to.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vigotsky, Andrew D; Ogborn, Dan; Phillips, Stuart M

    2016-03-01

    The study by Jenkins et al. attempted to elucidate the mechanisms behind the findings of Mitchell et al. (J Appl Physiol 113(1):71-77, 2012). However, we believe the work of Jenkins et al. contains methodological issues, does not meet electromyographic reporting standards, and deduces conclusions beyond which can be interpreted from the data provided.

  9. R&D for Safety Codes and Standards: Materials and Components Compatibility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    San Marchi, Christopher W. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2014-08-01

    A principal challenge to the widespread adoption of hydrogen infrastructure is the lack of quantifiable data on its safety envelope and concerns about additional risk from hydrogen. To convince regulatory officials, local fire marshals, fuel suppliers, and the public at large that hydrogen refueling is safe for consumer use, the risk to personnel and bystanders must be quantified and minimized to an acceptable level. Such a task requires strong confidence in the safety performance of high pressure hydrogen systems. Developing meaningful materials characterization and qualification methodologies in addition to enhancing understanding of performance of materials is critical to eliminating barriers to the development of safe, low-cost, high-performance high-pressure hydrogen systems for the consumer environment.

  10. New tool aims to standardize handoffs in the ED, boosting safety and preventing communication failures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    To address identified patient safety risks in the handoff process, a group of emergency providers developed Safer Sign Out, a paper-based template that prompts clinicians to jointly review issues of concern on patients who are being passed from one clinician to another at the end of a shift. Already in practice at 12 hospitals in the Mid-Atlantic region, the approach is now being disseminated nationwide with the help of the non-profit Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation. Advocates of the new tool say very few EDs have a clear, agreed-upon process for how to conduct handoffs. Safer Sign Out seeks to prevent communications failures by putting structure into the handoff process. In addition to prompting incoming and outgoing physicians to discuss each patient being handed off, the approach involves having both physicians round at the bedside of these patients so that patients fully understand when their care is being transitioned to a new provider.

  11. 76 FR 53648 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards: Occupant Crash Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: For non-legal issues, you may call Ms. Carla Rush, Office of Crashworthiness Standards... fasten together belt webbing (lap and shoulder portion) at a sliding latch plate, to prevent the...

  12. 75 FR 22303 - Safety Standard for Bassinets and Cradles: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    ... hardware, collapse of the product, loose wheels, etc.; Locking or tilting issues with the bassinets or... voluntary ASTM high chair standard F 404-08. Specifically, the proposed rule would define a double...

  13. 75 FR 33515 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Electric-Powered Vehicles; Electrolyte Spillage and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... issuing this final rule to facilitate the development and introduction of fuel cell vehicles, a type of... so by revising the agency's standard regulating electrolyte spillage and electrical shock...

  14. Research on Influencing Factors of Basic Public Service Standardization%基本公共服务标准化影响要素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霄锋

    2015-01-01

    Basic public service standardization is a synthesis of the interaction among many correlated factors. The involved key factors can be summarized as subject, supply and demand, worth, theoretical model, technology and institution. The six key factors are respectively answers to the core questions that what is effecting and dominating of the standardization, what is the target of the standard-ization, what are the precipitating and motivating factors, what are the basis and strategy and what are the foundation and guarantee of the standardization. With interrelation and interaction, the six key factors affect the developmental level of the basic public service stan-dardization.%基本公共服务标准化实质上是诸多关联要素相互作用的综合体。它涉及的要素可以概括为主体要素、供需要素、价值要素、理论要素、技术要素和制度要素,六要素分别回应了谁在影响和主导基本公共服务标准化、其目标和旨归是什么、诱发和促动因素是什么、依据和策略是什么、方法和手段是什么、依循和保障是什么等核心问题。六要素相互联系、相互作用,共同影响着基本公共服务标准化的发展水平。

  15. Safety Standard for Hydrogen and Hydrogen Systems: Guidelines for Hydrogen System Design, Materials Selection, Operations, Storage and Transportation. Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The NASA Safety Standard, which establishes a uniform process for hydrogen system design, materials selection, operation, storage, and transportation, is presented. The guidelines include suggestions for safely storing, handling, and using hydrogen in gaseous (GH2), liquid (LH2), or slush (SLH2) form whether used as a propellant or non-propellant. The handbook contains 9 chapters detailing properties and hazards, facility design, design of components, materials compatibility, detection, and transportation. Chapter 10 serves as a reference and the appendices contained therein include: assessment examples; scaling laws, explosions, blast effects, and fragmentation; codes, standards, and NASA directives; and relief devices along with a list of tables and figures, abbreviations, a glossary and an index for ease of use. The intent of the handbook is to provide enough information that it can be used alone, but at the same time, reference data sources that can provide much more detail if required.

  16. Patient safety certification in a Department of Intensive Care Medicine: our experience with standard UNE 179003:2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merino, P; Bustamante, E; Campillo-Artero, C; Bartual, E; Tuero, G; Marí, J

    2014-01-01

    Systematic and structured methods must be used to ensure that healthcare risks are effectively managed. Spanish standard UNE 179003:2013 provides healthcare organizations with a framework and a systematic protocol for managing patient safety from a clinical and organizational perspective. Furthermore, it is useful in securing an efficient balance among health risk, health outcomes and costs. The UNE 179003:2013 certifies that a clinical service complies with rules and operating procedures aimed at reducing the incidence of adverse events. It also requires mandatory continuous improvement, given that the standard entails frequent monitoring of the risk management system through periodic audits. The aims of this paper are to describe the UNE 179003:2013 certification process in an Intensive Care Unit, propose a risk management program for critical patients, and offer some recommendations regarding its implementation.

  17. Comprehensive Evaluation of Dam Safety Monitoring System: ( Ⅰ ) Basic Frame%大坝安全监测系统综合评价(Ⅰ)基本体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何金平; 吴雯娴; 涂圆圆; 逄智堂; 马传彬

    2011-01-01

    大坝安全监测系统综合评价越来越受到重视,但目前尚未形成明确的评价体系和方法.文中构建了以监测设计评价、单项监测系统评价(包括现场调查、现场测试和长期观测精度分析)、自动化系统可靠性评价以及监测管理工作评价为基本指标的综合评价指标体系,提出了单项评价指标和监测系统整体工作状态的评价等级划分方法及标准,可为大坝安全监测系统综合评价实践提供可资借鉴的方法,并可为将来制定大坝安全监测系统综合评价的相关规范提供依据.%More and more attention has been paid to the comprehensive evaluation of dam safety monitoring system, but the evaluation frame and methods have not been formed explicitly yet at present. An index system for the comprehensive evaluation of dam safety monitoring system is established based on the monitoring design evaluation, single item monitoring system evaluation (including site investigation, field test and accuracy of long-term observation), automation system evaluation and monitoring management evaluation. The grade classification method and standards of working status are put forward for the individual evaluation index and the whole monitoring system. The research results can be helpful for the practice and preparation of specifications for the comprehensive evaluation of dam safety monitoring system in the future.

  18. Graphical symbols -- Safety colours and safety signs -- Part 1: Design principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas

    CERN Document Server

    International Organization for Standardization. Geneva

    2002-01-01

    This International Standard establishes the safety identification colours and design principles for safety signs to be used in workplaces and in public areas for the purpose of accident prevention, fire protection, health hazard information and emergency evacuation. It also establishes the basic principles to be applied when developing standards containing safety signs. This part of ISO 3864 is applicable to workplaces and all locations and all sectors where safety-related questions may be posed. However, it is not applicable to the signalling used for guiding rail, road, river, maritime and air traffic and, generally speaking, to those sectors subject to a regulation which may differ.

  19. On Physical Education Safety Standard%体育教学安全规范研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兴春

    2015-01-01

    在我国的体育教学中,一直坚持的是"以人为本"的教学理念,这就要求在体育课堂上,要更加注重安全教育的问题,不仅要让学生们身体素质得到锻炼和提高,还要让他们获取到更多的安全知识,从而提升安全意识,使他们的身心均得到健康的发展,本文就高校体育的安全问题进行了探讨,并提出了一些有效的防范措施.%In physical education in our country, has always insisted the"people-oriented"teaching philosophy, which requi-res the PE class, we should pay more attention to the issue of safety education, not only to enable students to get exercise and improve their physical fitness, but also let them Get more security expertise, so as to enhance safety awareness, so that they are healthy physical and mental development of college sports article on security issues were discussed, put forward and some effective preventive measures.

  20. Ensuring safety of fuel cell applications and hydrogen refuelling. Legislation and standards; Polttokennosovellusten ja vetytankkauksen turvallisuuden varmistaminen. Saeaedoeksiae ja standardeja

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nissila, M.; Sarsama, J.

    2013-09-15

    Fuel cell technology is considered a promising alternative in terms of viable energy systems. The advantages of fuel cell systems include a good efficiency rate and the lack of harmful environmental emissions. Factors which may slow down the commercialisation of fuel cell technology, e.g. fuel cell vehicles, include the high price of hydrogen and the insufficiency of the infrastructure required for the distribution of hydrogen. A large proportion of major car manufacturers are committed to introducing fuel cell cars to the market by 2014-2016. In order to ensure a successful market introduction of fuel cell vehicles, this has to be aligned with the development of the necessary hydrogen infrastructure. In the early commercialisation stages of a new technology, it is important to give the public correct, justified and understandable information on the safety of the fuel cell applications, and also on the measures taken to ensure the safety of applications. A lack of necessary information, inaccurate perceptions and prejudices can have an adverse effect on the public acceptance of fuel cell applications. Hazards and potential accidents related to fuel cell systems are mainly associated with the flammable substances (e.g. hydrogen, methane) used as fuel, the high pressure of hydrogen, electrical hazards, and dangers concerning technical systems in general. The fuel cell applications reviewed in this publication are transport applications and stationary applications and the refuelling system of gaseous hydrogen. The publication concentrates on fuel cells using hydrogen as fuel. The publication gives an overview of how EU-legislation (mainly various directives) and Finnish legislation applies to fuel cell systems and applications, and what kind of safety requirements the legislation sets. In addition, a brief overview of safety standards concerning fuel cell systems and hydrogen refuelling is presented. (orig.)

  1. US veterinary support to standardization of food and water safety and animal care and use within NATO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Ronald L; Mann, Kelly A; Richards, Steven; Stevenson, Timothy H

    2013-01-01

    NATO requires all standardization agreements and Al-lied Medical Publications to be reviewed at least once every 3 years to ensure they reflect current technologies and national military policies and procedures. This is particularly applicable with regard to veterinary medi-cine and food and water safety where advances in scientific knowledge and practices may result in documents quickly becoming obsolete. Such is the case with the 8 standardization agreements for which the FWSVS has responsibility; all are currently undergoing major revisions. With each revision, national representatives, including US veterinary and preventive medicine personnel, must review the documents to ensure there are no significant issues which would prevent ratification and implementation. This improves standardization and enhances interoperability between NATO partners to minimize duplication. This is accomplished by leveraging other national military capabilities, while maintaining confidence that the food, water, and veterinary support provided to their Warriors, support personnel, and animals in the field is safe and high in quality. Adherence to such standards is a major factor in maintaining the operational readiness of all alliance armed forces.

  2. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 570 - Interagency Guidelines Establishing Standards for Safety and Soundness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Internal controls and information systems. B. Internal audit system. C. Loan documentation. D. Credit... standards relating to: (1) Internal controls, information systems and internal audit systems, in accordance.... Internal audit system. An institution should have an internal audit system that is appropriate to the......

  3. 77 FR 32698 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Safety Standards for Roof Bolts in Metal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Greg Moxness, Chief, Economic Analysis Division, Office of Standards... that: Evaluate whether the collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the.... OMB Number: 1219-0121. Affected Public: Business or other for-profit. Cite/Reference/Form/ etc. 30...

  4. 75 FR 21567 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 108; Lamp, Reflective Devices and Associated Equipment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ...: BMW of North America, LLC (BMW) requested a modification to the motorcycle headlighting system... and mounted at the same height. BMW requested that the location requirements be based on the axes of... we note that a modification of the standard, as requested by BMW, would effectively remove...

  5. 77 FR 14430 - Petitions for Modification of Application of Existing Mandatory Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    .... 3. Regular Mail: MSHA, Office of Standards, Regulations, and Variances, 1100 Wilson Boulevard, Room..., and Variances, 1100 Wilson Boulevard, Room 2350, Arlington, Virginia 22209-3939. Individuals who...-2705, located in Silver Bow County, Montana. Regulation Affected: 30 CFR 56.12028 (Testing...

  6. 77 FR 19132 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Bus Emergency Exits and Window Retention and Release

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... rating (GVWR) greater than 4,536 kilograms (10,000 pounds) (``large school buses''). The standard... does not have any significant impact on the quality of the human environment. Executive Order 13132... open the exit. Each release mechanism shall operate without the use of remote controls or tools,...

  7. 77 FR 751 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Matters Incorporated by Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... of Vulcanized Natural and Synthetic Rubbers,'' accepted February 14, 1968, into Sec. 571.116. (20... Methods for Rating Motor, Diesel, Aviation Fuels, A2. Reference Materials and Blending Accessories... 31, 1965, into Sec. 571.116. (12) ASTM D471-98, ``Standard Test Method for Rubber Property--...

  8. 77 FR 51649 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Motorcycle Brake Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    .... George Soodoo, Division Chief, Vehicle Dynamics (NVS-122), Office of Crash Avoidance Standards (Email... technologies would help prevent the introduction of unsafe motorcycle brake systems on the road. Moreover... the proper grade of brake fluid. If the service brake system is a split hydraulic type, a...

  9. Bottom-up engineering of biological systems through standard bricks: a modularity study on basic parts and devices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Pasotti

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Modularity is a crucial issue in the engineering world, as it enables engineers to achieve predictable outcomes when different components are interconnected. Synthetic Biology aims to apply key concepts of engineering to design and construct new biological systems that exhibit a predictable behaviour. Even if physical and measurement standards have been recently proposed to facilitate the assembly and characterization of biological components, real modularity is still a major research issue. The success of the bottom-up approach strictly depends on the clear definition of the limits in which biological functions can be predictable. RESULTS: The modularity of transcription-based biological components has been investigated in several conditions. First, the activity of a set of promoters was quantified in Escherichia coli via different measurement systems (i.e., different plasmids, reporter genes, ribosome binding sites relative to an in vivo reference promoter. Second, promoter activity variation was measured when two independent gene expression cassettes were assembled in the same system. Third, the interchangeability of input modules (a set of constitutive promoters and two regulated promoters connected to a fixed output device (a logic inverter expressing GFP was evaluated. The three input modules provide tunable transcriptional signals that drive the output device. If modularity persists, identical transcriptional signals trigger identical GFP outputs. To verify this, all the input devices were individually characterized and then the input-output characteristic of the logic inverter was derived in the different configurations. CONCLUSIONS: Promoters activities (referred to a standard promoter can vary when they are measured via different reporter devices (up to 22%, when they are used within a two-expression-cassette system (up to 35% and when they drive another device in a functionally interconnected circuit (up to 44%. This paper

  10. Problems of NPP construction project standardization and operational safety increase in the USA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gudkov, Yu.V.

    1980-01-01

    Main causes of slackening paces of the USA nuclear power engineering development are considered using the experience of the USA NPP design, construction and operation. Data on increase in capital investments for the NPP construction and variation of their structure to enhancing waste of capital are given. Problems of improvement of operational safety of water-cooled and water-moderated reactors as well as NPP separate assemblies are considered. Ways for reducing periods of NPP design realization are described taking as an example the USA leading power, construction and reactor construction companies. It is shown that the optimization of existing methods for designing NPPs and nuclear reactor structures, systems for construction management and control as well as complex standartization of equipment, construction methods and operational procedures for NPPs are main factors.

  11. Nordic Nuclear Safety Research 1994 - 2008: From standardized 4-year classics to customized R and B

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennerstedt, T.N.O. (TeknoTelje HB, Torhamn (Sweden))

    2011-10-15

    This is a presentation of NKS (Nordic Nuclear Safety Research), its work and achievements in the years 1994 - 2008, during which the author served as Nordic secretary and (later) as coordinator. NKS and the Nordic perspective are briefly introduced together with the NKS support structure, organization and administration: Owners, Board, Nordic secretary, Bureau and Secretariat. The author then embarks on a journey through the modern history of NKS work. The last two of the six fixed 4-year programs are described as regards planning, contents, project work, administration, dissemination of results, evaluations and conclusions. The trip continues to the land of R and B and the present (2011) structure of two general frameworks, namely, NKS-R: reactor safety, and NKS-B: emergency preparedness; each consisting of a set of flexible activities; hence, R and B. The reasoning behind this makeover is touched upon together with the new organization and simpler administration that developed. Major activities and the produced results are introduced and the evaluations summarized. The author's own conclusions and recommendations are followed by a short and subjective list of references. In a number of appendices some important background material has been compiled: bullet point versions of minutes of Owners Group and Board meetings; economic contributions and budgets; the NKS policy document; an overview of all NKS programs and evaluations; lists of R and B activities and funding; the author's personal remarks; a list of some NKS documents (other than technical reports and minutes); and a list of acronyms used in this report. (Author)

  12. Discussion on the Basic Principle of Food Safety Risk Management%食品安全风险管理基本理论探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘为军; 魏益民; 郭波莉; 魏帅

    2011-01-01

    本文就食品安全风险管理的概念、原则和实施框架等基本理论问题进行了探讨.食品安全风险管理是风险分析体系的重要组成部分,是在风险评估结果基础上的政策选择过程,包括选择实施适当的控制理念以及法规管理措施.食品安全风险管理包括风险评价、选择评估、执行评估、监控和回顾4个要素.%This paper discussed the basic principle of food safety risk management, which includes the concept, principles and implement framework. Risk management is one of the important components of risk analysis. Risk management is defined as the process of weighing policy alternatives in the light of the results of risk assessment and selecting and implementing appropriate control options, including regulatory measures. The framework includes 4 elements: risk evaluation, risk management option assessment, implementation of management decision, and monitoring and review.

  13. It Is Necessary to Abrogate All the International Basic Standards of Seals%必需废除所有国际密封基础标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐长祥; 张晓忠; 陈佑军

    2016-01-01

    According to the definitions in the international standard JCGM 200,physical quanti-ties are the quantifiable properties of phenomenon,obj ect,or material,which could be classified into two - basic quantity and export quantity.Basic quantity cannot be the one expressed by u-sing other quantity,and the export quantity is the one defined by using the basic quantity in its system,and the basic quantity and export quantity in its system are correlated with through law and its equation.In unit on international system,the sealing tightness,the leakage resistance,is the exported quantity established by sealing or leakage,and is the product of time t and pressure p,the time which is consumed by the leaked unit volume fluid in pressure vessel under constant pressure or in the system through sealed joint.Absolutely,it is not the reciprocal of “leakage rate”fabricated in existing international standard.The difference of inner pipe flow routing,the external obj ect flow routing and leakage flow routing is only their flow (leakage)resistance and reactance.It is hardly to make difference and control flow routing before the leakage resistance and reactance unknown.The international sealing basic standard has been set up under the condi-tion of the leakage resistance (tightness)and qualified sealing unknown,and thence how to de-sign,install and acceptance inspection of sealing.So,the basic standard cannot be relied upon to provide efficient control of pressure or system leakage.It is the must to abrogate it in a quick ac-tion.%按照国际标准JCGM 200定义,物理量是现象、物体或物质的可量化属性,可以分为基本量和导出量两种;基本量是不可用其它量表达的量,导出量是可用其系统基本量定义的量;系统内的基本量和导出量可以通过定律及其方程进行相关联。在国际单位制中,密封紧密度即漏阻是由密封或泄漏定律确立的导出量,是恒压状态下压力容器或系统穿过密

  14. The tendency of medical electrical equipment - IEC 60601-2-54: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of x-ray equipment for radiography and radioscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roh, Young Hoon; Kim, Jung Min [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiologic Science School of Health and Environmental Science College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    Medical electrical equipment - Part 1: General requirement for basic safety and essential performance of MFDS was revised as 3th edition and Medical electrical equipment Part 2-54: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of X-ray equipment will be expected to be announced as notification. Therefore this technical report was written to introduce provision of the particular requirements, replacement, addition, amendment. The purpose of this particular requirements is to secure requirements for basic safety and essential performance of X-ray equipment for radiography and radioscopy. X-ray high voltage generator, mechanical protective device, protection against radiation is included in this particular requirements. Medical electrical equipment - Part 1, Part 1-2, Part 1-3 is applied to this particular requirements. If the requirements is announced as notification, It is expected to widen understanding for basic safety and essential performance of X-ray equipment for radiography and radioscopy and play a part to internationalize of medical equipment.

  15. Use of a simplified generalized standard additions method for the analysis of cement, gypsum and basic slag by slurry nebulization ICP-OES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marjanovic, Ljiljana; McCrindle, Robert I; Botha, Barend M; Potgieter, Herman J

    2004-05-01

    The simplified generalized standard additions method (GSAM) was investigated as an alternative method for the ICP-OES analysis of solid materials, introduced into the plasma in the form of slurries. The method is an expansion of the conventional standard additions method. It is based on the principle of varying both the sample mass and the amount of standard solution added. The relationship between the sample mass, standard solution added and signal intensity is assumed to be linear. Concentration of the analyte can be found either geometrically from the slope of the two-dimensional response plane in a three-dimensional space or mathematically from the ratio of the parameters estimated by multiple linear regression. The analysis of a series of certified reference materials (CRMs) (cement CRM-BCS No 353, gypsum CRM-Gyp A and basic slag CRM No 382/I) introduced into the plasma in the form of slurry is described. The slurries contained glycerol and hydrochloric acid and were placed in an ultrasonic bath to ensure good dispersion. "Table curve 3D" software was used to fit the data. Results obtained showed that the method could be successfully applied to the analysis of cement, gypsum and slag samples, without the need to dissolve them. In this way, we could avoid the use of hazardous chemicals (concentrated acids), incomplete dissolution and loss of some volatiles. The application of the simplified GSAM for the analysis did not require a CRM with similar chemical and mineralogical properties for the calibration of the instrument.

  16. Revision of the energy conservation requirements in the manufactured home construction and safety standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conner, C C; Lee, A D; Lucas, R G; Taylor, Z T

    1992-02-01

    Thermal requirements were developed for manufactured (mobile) homes in response to legislation requiring the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to revise its thermal standards for manufactured homes. A life-cycle cost minimization from the home owner's perspecetive was used to establish an optimum in a large number of cities for several prototype homes. The development of the economic, financial, and energy conservation measure parameters input into the life-cycle cost analysis was documented. The optimization results were aggregated to zones which were expressed as a maximum overall home U-value (thermal transmittance) requirement. The revised standard's costs, benefits, and net value to the consumer were quantified. 50 refs.

  17. Liver safety assessment: required data elements and best practices for data collection and standardization in clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avigan, Mark I; Bjornsson, Einar S; Pasanen, Markku; Cooper, Charles; Andrade, Raul J; Watkins, Paul B; Lewis, James H; Merz, Michael

    2014-11-01

    A workshop was convened to discuss best practices for the assessment of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in clinical trials. In a breakout session, workshop attendees discussed necessary data elements and standards for the accurate measurement of DILI risk associated with new therapeutic agents in clinical trials. There was agreement that in order to achieve this goal the systematic acquisition of protocol-specified clinical measures and lab specimens from all study subjects is crucial. In addition, standard DILI terms that address the diverse clinical and pathologic signatures of DILI were considered essential. There was a strong consensus that clinical and lab analyses necessary for the evaluation of cases of acute liver injury should be consistent with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidance on pre-marketing risk assessment of DILI in clinical trials issued in 2009. A recommendation that liver injury case review and management be guided by clinicians with hepatologic expertise was made. Of note, there was agreement that emerging DILI signals should prompt the systematic collection of candidate pharmacogenomic, proteomic and/or metabonomic biomarkers from all study subjects. The use of emerging standardized clinical terminology, CRFs and graphic tools for data review to enable harmonization across clinical trials was strongly encouraged. Many of the recommendations made in the breakout session are in alignment with those made in the other parallel sessions on methodology to assess clinical liver safety data, causality assessment for suspected DILI, and liver safety assessment in special populations (hepatitis B, C, and oncology trials). Nonetheless, a few outstanding issues remain for future consideration.

  18. 75 FR 66686 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages, School Bus Passenger...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Standards (telephone: 202-366-0247) (fax: 202-366-4921), NVS-113. For legal issues, Ms. Dorothy Nakama... 305 mm (8.5 in x 12.2 in) rigid plate be used to ``simulate the shape of a single 6-year-old'' child, and that the agency should ballast the plate to ensure an evenly-distributed 22 kg (48.4 lb) mass....

  19. Acucise™ endopyelotomy in a porcine model: procedure standardization and analysis of safety and immediate efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreoni Cássio

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The study here presented was done to test the technical reliability and immediate efficacy of the Acucise device using a standardized technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 56 Acucise procedures were performed in pigs by a single surgeon who used a standardized technique: insert 5F angiographic catheter bilaterally up to the midureter, perform retrograde pyelogram, Amplatz super-stiff guidewire is advanced up to the level of the renal pelvis, angiographic catheters are removed, Acucise catheter balloon is advanced to the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ level, the super-stiff guide-wire is removed and the contrast medium in the renal pelvis is aspirated and replaced with distilled water, activate Acucise at 75 watts of pure cutting current, keep the balloon fully inflated for 10 minutes, perform retrograde ureteropyelogram to document extravasation, remove Acucise catheter and pass an ureteral stent and remove guide-wire. RESULTS: In no case did the Acucise device present malfunction. The electrocautery activation time was 2.2 seconds (ranging from 2 to 4 seconds. The extravasation of contrast medium, visible by fluoroscopy, occurred in 53 of the 56 cases (94.6%. In no case there was any evidence of intraoperative hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that performing Acucise endopyelotomy routinely in a standardized manner could largely preclude intraoperative device malfunction and eliminate complications while achieving a successful incision in the UPJ. With the guidelines that were used in this study, we believe that Acucise endopyelotomy can be completed successfully and safely in the majority of selected patients with UPJ obstruction.

  20. International Standards in Vocational Education and Training for Financial Services Sector to Ensure Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigova Maria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the Triple E Project developed by EBTN for the purpose to work out qualifications standards for finance services sector in the focus of sustainable development and environmental safety. The Triple E is based on the three instruments – European qualification framework and concept of learning outcomes (EQF, credit system (ECVET and quality assurance (EQAVET for vocational education and training. These three systems are the building blocks of European policy in vocational education and qualifications system with the task to strengthen the integration processes in the European educational area. They also take into account the concept of UNESCO in the field of education and sustainable development. Besides, the article traces the history of relations between educational providers, employers and public authorities in the Russian Federation in the context of setting requirements for learning outcomes and qualifications. The concepts of qualification, velocity of changes in educational standards, the establishment of a national system of qualifications of the Russian Federation, the emergence of professional standards are carefully analyzed. Current and potential problems in the assessment of qualifications are referred to. It is stressed that the volume of open data in the area of professional development, education and labor should be increased and the quality thereof significantly improved.

  1. Practice of OHSMS into Safety Standardization in Guixi Smelter%贵冶安全标准化植入OHSMS的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹民福

    2015-01-01

    基于安全标准化和职业健康安全管理体系(OccupationHealthSafetyManagementSystem.英文简写为"OHSMS",以下部分简称"OHSMS")是现阶段企业安全管理的两种必不可少、相辅相成的管理手段,两种管理体系的相互融合是当前很多企业面临的一个实际问题.分析了两者的区别和联系,阐述了贵溪冶炼厂安全标准化植入OHSMS的必要性、可行性,并就贵冶安全标准化植入OHSMS的实践进行了描述.%Based on the standardization of Safety and occupational Health and Safety Management System (Occupation Health Safety Management System, English abbreviated as "OHSMS", the following section "OHSMS" for short) are two essential and complementary management means for safety management of present enterprise. The two kinds of mutual integration management System is a real problem which current enterprises faced. In this article, the difference and connection are analyzed, the necessity and feasibility of OHSMS implanted into safety standardization in Guixi smelter are expounded, and the practice of OHSMS in GuiYe safety standardization is described.

  2. A toxicological safety assessment of a standardized extract of Sceletium tortuosum (Zembrin®) in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murbach, Timothy S; Hirka, Gábor; Szakonyiné, Ilona Pasics; Gericke, Nigel; Endres, John R

    2014-12-01

    A well-characterized standardized hydroethanolic extract of a traditionally recognized mak (mild) variety of Sceletium tortuosum, a South African plant with a long history of traditional ingestion, is marketed under the trade name Zembrin(®) as an ingredient for use in functional foods and dietary supplements. It is standardized to contain 0.35-0.45% total alkaloids (mesembrenone and mesembrenol ≥60%, and mesembrine <20%). A 14-day repeated oral toxicity study was conducted at 0, 250, 750, 2500, and 5000 mg/kg bw/day. A 90-day subchronic repeated oral toxicity study was conducted at 0, 100, 300, 450, and 600 mg/kg bw/day. Because S. tortuosum has a long history of human use for relieving stress and calming, a functional observation battery, including spontaneous locomotor activity measured using LabMaster ActiMot light-beam frames system, was employed. Several parameters, such as locomotion, rearing behavior, spatial parameters, and turning behavior were investigated in the final week of the study. No mortality or treatment-related adverse effects were observed in male or female Crl:(WI)BR Wistar rats in the 14- or 90-day studies. In the 14- and 90-day studies, the NOAELs were concluded as 5000 and 600 mg/kg bw/d, respectively, the highest dose groups tested.

  3. Basic electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Tayal, DC

    2010-01-01

    The second edition of this book incorporates the comments and suggestions of my friends and students who have critically studied the first edition. In this edition the changes and additions have been made and subject matter has been rearranged at some places. The purpose of this text is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date study of the principles of operation of solid state devices, their basic circuits and application of these circuits to various electronic systems, so that it can serve as a standard text not only for universities and colleges but also for technical institutes. This book

  4. Innovative sub sea pipeline maintenance in line with emerging offshore trends and maintenance safety standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, George [T.D. Williamson, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Sub sea hot tapping of pipelines is performed for a variety of reasons, including tie-ins, pipeline repair, insertion of instrumentation, facilitating chemical injection or providing access for temporary isolation tools. The full hot tap process - that is, installing the hot tap assembly, performing the tap and recovering the hot tap machine - is normally conducted with diver assistance. After bolting the assembly of the machine, isolation valve and fitting to the pipeline (or machine and isolation valve to a pre-installed flanged membrane on the pipeline), the divers then operate the machine to perform the tap, under instructions from - and supervision by - hot tap technicians located on deck of the diving support vessel (DSV). Subsequent unbolting and removal of the hot tap machine is also carried out by the divers. The demands of deep water have necessitated development of a totally diver-less, remote-controlled system. Diver operations are limited to a maximum of 300 meters of water depth, whereas a significant portion of existing sub sea field infrastructure, as well as projected future developments, are in deeper waters in depths up to 3,000 meters. In addition, diver safety concerns in shallow water, as well as impaired diver efficiency in difficult environmental conditions such as wave breaking zones, prompts the call for a reduction of diver exposure or complete elimination of diver assistance. The recent completion of a remote-controlled hot tap machine (the Sub sea 1200RC Tapping Machine) is a first step toward developing a totally diver-less system. The installation of the hot tap assembly and subsequent removal of the machine still require diver assistance, but the performance of the tap itself is remotely controlled by a hot tap technician from the deck of the DSV. The concept is a topside-driven hot tap machine with 'passive Remote Operating Vehicle (ROV) interface', which means a stationary ROV with its hydraulics and control system

  5. Occupational Safety and Health Guide (OSH Guide) (CD-ROM). Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guide is intended for use by Federal agencies in assessing their compliance with the standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration... Occupational Safety and Health Standards, and Part 1926, Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. Part 1960, Basic Program Elements for Federal...Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters, as modified to address relevant requirements of Part 1904, is also included.

  6. Standardization Safety Management of Nuclear and Radiation Safety Supervision in Colleges and Universities%高校核与辐射安全监管规范化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪霞; 刘朋; 陈永清

    2016-01-01

    针对目前高校核与辐射安全监管方面存在的问题,以苏州大学核与辐射安全监管为研究对象,对高校核与辐射安全监管进行探索与实践。规范化核与辐射的安全监管可以促进大学的安全监管水平。%It has the important meaning to formulate university related safety administrative regulations and security standard, specially regarding standardized safety supervision of the nuclear and radiation, It can promote the university security supervision being scientiifc, standardized normative, and raise the university safety supervision being level. In view of the problems which exist in present university safety supervision on nuclear and radiation, taking the actual situation of Suzhou University safety supervision on nuclear and radiation as an example, it has been explored about the safety supervision on nuclear and radiation.

  7. Assessment of Patient Safety for Quality Improvement Based on Joint Commission International Accreditation Standards in Farabi Eye Hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad Hadi Musavi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Quality improvement and patient safety are the most important aspects of health care delivery systems. Improving quality and safety in health care organizations is assured through accreditation. To evaluate patient safety in Farabi Eye Hospital by Joint Commission International (JCI accreditation standards for quality improvement. Materials and Methods:This descriptive-analytical study was carried out in 2014. The data collection instrument was the translated version of JCI checklist, the validity of which was confirmed by a panel of Iranian experts. The data were obtained through interviews with all heads of departments (n=80 and observation of documentation in each department by appraisers in Farabi Hospital. To analyze the data, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and Mann-Whitney U tests were run using SPSS Version 16. Results: The highest rate of compliance with JCI standards was 91.1%, pertaining to infection control and adopting an approach to reduce contamination. The lowest rate was associated with management monitoring of patients’ demographic information. In general, Farabi Eye Hospital observed the standards to a high level. Conclusion: Our findings exhibited that Farabi Eye Hospital is relatively efficient as to patient safety as a quality improvement factor. However, there were some shortcomings regarding some standards, which indicate deficient compliance with the JCI standards in this hospital. Absence of comprehensive training programs and defective policies and documentation are the key factors for patient safety quality improvement.

  8. Opinions on Fresh Produce Food Safety and Quality Standards by Fresh Produce Supply Chain Experts from the Global South and North.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacxsens, Liesbeth; Van Boxstael, Sigrid; Nanyunja, Jessica; Jordaan, Danie; Luning, Pieternel; Uyttendaele, Mieke

    2015-10-01

    This study describes the results of an on-line survey of fresh produce supply chain experts who work with producers from the Global North (n = 41, 20 countries) and the Global South (n = 63, 29 countries). They expressed their opinion using 1 to 5 Likert scales on several items related to four types of food safety and quality standards and legislation: Codex Alimentarius standards, European Union legislation, national legislation, and private standards. The results reflect the different circumstances under which the Southern and Northern producers operate in relation to the local organization, regulation, and support of the sector; but they also indicate similar challenges, in particular, the challenge of private standards, which were perceived to demand a higher implementation effort than the other three types of standards. Private standards were also strongly perceived to exclude Southern and Northern small- and medium-scale producers from high-value markets, whereas European Union legislation was perceived to strongly exclude, in particular, small- and medium-scale Southern producers. The results further highlight concerns about costly control measures and third-party certification that are required by downstream buyers but that are mostly paid for by upstream suppliers. Food standards are seen in their dual role as a catalyst for implementation of structured food safety management systems on the one hand and as a nontariff barrier to trade on the other hand. The results of the survey also pointed up the advantages of enforcing food safety and food quality standards in terms of knowledge spillover to noncertified activities, increased revenues, and improved food safety of delivered produce. Survey results highlight the importance of technical assistance and support of producers by governments and producer cooperatives or trade associations in the implementation and certification of food standards, along with increased awareness of and training of individuals in

  9. Basic principle and standard procedure of hernia surgery%疝外科的基本原则和手术规范流程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈革; 唐健雄

    2015-01-01

    The basic principle of the hernia surgery is to find the hernia sac, reduce the contents, find the hernia ring and repair the abdominal wall defect.In recent years, the field of hernia surgery has a rapid development and the basic principle of hernia surgery has an obvious change in specific details.The standard procedure of hernia surgery is the guide of our work in practice to determine whether patients need surgical treatment.If operation is available, suitable method should be chosen and surgeons should pay attention to the special problems of hernia surgery in the perioperative period.According to the standard operation procedure in practice, the lowest morbidity of intraoperative complication may occur and patients will have the maximal gain.%疝外科的基本原则是找到疝囊、回纳疝内容物、发现疝环及腹壁缺损并进行修补.近年来,疝外科领域取得了飞速的发展,其基本原则在具体细节方面有了巨大的变化.疝外科手术的规范流程是指导我们在实践工作中判断患者是否需要手术治疗,如果可以手术治疗应采用何种方法,围手术期需要注意的疝外科特有的问题.按照手术规范流程来进行实际工作,可以使患者在术中发生并发症的可能降到最低,术后得到最大的收益.

  10. Capacidad de carga estática en rodamientos. Normalización y tendencias. // Basic static load rating of rolling bearing. Standardization and trends.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. García Toll

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Para ilustrar la funcionalidad de la norma NC-ISO 76: 2006, establecida a partir de una adopción idéntica de la Norma ISO76: 1987/ amd.1: 1999 (E “Cojinetes de Rodamiento – Capacidad de Carga Estática”, son mostradas las correspondenciasentre las magnitudes de capacidad de carga estática declaradas en los catálogos técnicos de reconocidos fabricantes derodamientos con los valores presentes en NC-ISO 76 y considerando diferentes geometrías de rodamientos radiales debolas rígidos y de contacto angular, rodamientos axiales de bolas y rodamientos de rodillos cilíndricos. Adicionalmente, elestudio ha permitido establecer las dependencias entre la capacidad de carga nominal estática del rodamiento y algunosparámetros geométricos, como el diámetro del elemento rodante, el diámetro interior y la relación diámetro interior -diámetro exterior del cojinetePalabras claves: Rodamientos, capacidad de carga estática, Norma Cubana NC, Norma ISO.___________________________________________________________________________Abstract:At the present time, Standard NC-ISO 76: 2006 is a national standard established as identical adoption of ISOstandard 76:1987 / amd.1: 1999 (E "Rolling Bearings - Static Load Rating¨. In this sense, the static load rating ofrolling bearings declared in technical catalogs of renowned bearing manufacturers and the basic static load ratingaccording to calculation procedures stated in Standard NC-ISO 76 are compared. The evaluation has taken intoaccount different geometries of radial groove ball bearings, angular contact ball bearings, thrust ball bearings andradial roller bearings. Additionally, they are established dependences between the static load rating of rolling bearingsand the interior diameter of different types of radial and thrust bearings.Key words: static load rating, rolling bearing, NC/ISO Standard.

  11. Copper 1 basic standards testing standards

    CERN Document Server

    eV, DIN

    2015-01-01

    Erstmals in englischer Übersetzung: Die aus drei Bänden bestehende Normensammlung zu Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen spiegelt den neuesten Stand der Normung wider. Der Teilungsband 1 (DIN Handbook 456/1) enthält die Prüf- und Grundnormen für Kupfer und Kupferlegierungen sowie die Produktnormen über Hüttenkupfer, Vorlegierungen und Schrotte. Die Vornorm DIN CEN/TS 13388 stellt im nationalen Anhang eine tabellarische Gegenüberstellung alter und neuer Werkstoffbezeichnungen bereit. Die Zusammensetzungen der Werkstoffe sind in die jeweiligen Produktnormen eingeflossen. Die entsprechenden Festlegungen

  12. Safety analysis for `Fugen`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The improvement of safety in nuclear power stations is an important proposition. Therefore also as to the safety evaluation, it is important to comprehensively and systematically execute it by referring to the operational experience and the new knowledge which is important for the safety throughout the period of use as well as before the construction and the start of operation of nuclear power stations. In this report, the results when the safety analysis for ``Fugen`` was carried out by referring to the newest technical knowledge are described. As the result, it was able to be confirmed that the safety of ``Fugen`` has been secured by the inherent safety and the facilities which were designed for securing the safety. The basic way of thinking on the safety analysis including the guidelines to be conformed to is mentioned. As to the abnormal transient change in operation and accidents, their definition, the events to be evaluated and the standards for judgement are reported. The matters which were taken in consideration at the time of the analysis are shown. The computation programs used for the analysis were REACT, HEATUP, LAYMON, FATRAC, SENHOR, LOTRAC, FLOOD and CONPOL. The analyses of the abnormal transient change in operation and accidents are reported on the causes, countermeasures, protective functions and results. (K.I.)

  13. LED灯具光辐射安全相关标准介绍%Standards about Optical Radiation Safety of LED Luminaires

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓晨; 蔡喆; 彭振坚

    2011-01-01

    This is a introduction of standard publications about optical radiation safety of LED luminaries,including ICNIRP optical radiation guidelines,IEC laser products safety,and the IEC,CIE,EU,ANSI/IESNA standards for photobiological safety of lamp and lamp systems.The difference and relations of these standards are analyzed.%介绍了关于LED光辐射安全的主要标准,包括国际非电离辐射防护委员会的光辐射导则、国际照明委员会、国际电工委员会、欧盟、北美的激光产品或灯和灯系统的光生物安全性标准,分析了这些标准的差异和联系。

  14. DOE Handbook: Supplementary guidance and design experience for the fusion safety standards DOE-STD-6002-96 and DOE-STD-6003-96

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1999-01-01

    Two standards have been developed that pertain to the safety of fusion facilities. These are DOE- STD-6002-96, Safety of Magnetic Fusion Facilities: Requirements, and DOE-STD-6003-96, Safety of Magnetic Fusion Facilities: Guidance. The first of these standards identifies requirements that subscribers to that standard must meet to achieve safety in fusion facilities. The second standard contains guidance to assist in meeting the requirements identified in the first This handbook provides additional documentation on good operations and design practices as well as lessons learned from the experiences of designers and operators of previous fusion facilities and related systems. It is intended to capture the experience gained in the various fields and pass it on to designers of future fusion facilities as a means of enhancing success and safety. The sections of this document are presented according to the physical location of the major systems of a fusion facility, beginning with the vacuum vessel and proceeding to those systems and components outside the vacuum vessel (the "Ex-vessel Systems"). The last section describes administrative procedures that cannot be localized to specific components. It has been tacitly assumed that the general structure of the fusion facilities addressed is that of a tokamak though the same principles would apply to other magnetic confinement options.

  15. 南非矿山安全及其标准化体系研究%Study on Mining Safety of South Africa and Its Standardization System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭彤荔

    2013-01-01

    In view of the actual situation of the mining safety standardization in South Africa, the paper outlines the development of mining safety standards and supervision bodies and analyzes the laws and regulations system of mining safety,as well as the inspiration from mining safety standard system of South Africa, provides for four proposals of development and revision for mining safety production standards.%文章从南非矿山安全及其标准化实际情况入手,概述了南非矿山安全标准的制定和监管机构,分析了南非矿山安全法律法规体系、南非矿山安全标准体系等内容,以及南非矿山安全健康标准对我国矿山安全生产的启示。提出加强我国矿山安全生产标准制修订工作的4点建议。

  16. Normas básicas de seguridad durante el manejo de equipos de radiaciones no ionizantes Safety basic rules when handling non-ionizing radiation equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Armida Bretones

    2012-03-01

    this Prevention Department in cooperation with The Medical Physics Department a procedure based on basic preventive criteria has been elaborated to guarantee health and safety of the employees who handle non-ionizing radiation emitting equipment in our hospital and specialized centers. To draw the procedure: scientific literature related to the electromagnetic fields effects over health has been checked, periodical working meetings have been held between both above mentioned departments; non-ionizing radiation equipment have been identified as well as the places they are based or used; and expert people advice has been used. The procedure sets control and follow-up measurements both for people and equipment such as follows: Shortwave, microwave and magnetic therapy, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Laser, Ultraviolet radiation. The procedure and illustrative posters have been deployed to the linked departments, the information and training having been given to the employees who work with kind of equipment.

  17. 小微企业安全生产标准化体系建设研究%Research on safety production standardization system construction of micro enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王巍; 张景钢; 黄艳涛; 索诚宇; 任俏妮

    2015-01-01

    with the rapid and sound development of national economy , the small businesses is playing the more and more major role in our country economy development.However , the development of small businesses lacks of unified management and health plan , especially their hidden danger in safe production.The paper ex-plain the small and micro businesses how to produce safely and prompt the feasible suggestion from basic man -agement , equipment and facilities , safe working environment and health occupation.These will give the refer-ence and guidance significance for the work safety standardization of the small and micro industry and trading .%随着我国经济的持续健康发展,小微企业在我国经济中起的作用越来越大,但由于小微企业往往在发展中缺乏统一管理和健康规划,其在安全生产方面也有着很大的隐患。本文从基础管理、设备设施、作业环境安全与职业健康等几个方面阐述了小微企业如何实现安全生产标准化,并提出了可行性建议,对小微工贸企业的安全生产标准化创建工作具有一定的借鉴和指导意义。

  18. The Building of the Core Concept of Safety Culture in Basic Construction Projects and the Evaluation of the Degree of the Safety Culture%基建项目施工中核心安全文化理念与程度的建立及评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧

    2014-01-01

    中国的基本建设项目飞速发展,然而施工安全形势日益严峻,安全事故频频发生。本文主要对核心安全文化理念的构建以及安全文化程度评价进行研究,加强施工管理人员和现场施工工人的安全施工意识,降低施工中的安全风险。%With the rapid development of China's basic construction, the situation of construction safety is becoming increasingly rigorous, safety accidents occur frequently. In this paper, the construction of the core concept of safety culture and evaluation of the degree of the safety culture were studied, and through enhancing safety awareness of the management personnel and construction workers to effectively reduce the security risks.

  19. 国内外基本风速标准的比较研究%Comparative Study between Domestic And Foreign Basic Wind Speed Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德平; 赵永胜; 陈全勇; 张文杰

    2013-01-01

    As the market of electric Power Survey design continues to expand, understand and master of the foreign survey design specification becomes increasingly important. Combining the research of our overseas market, the United States, Europe, the United Kingdom, India, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Venezuela and other countries wind load specifications related to the design wind speed yield criterion of a comparative study. The results showed that by analyzing the basic wind speed defined differences in countries wind load specifications, the design wind speed differences are mainly reflected in two aspects of the basic wind speed time-distance and return period, also commonly given wind speed conversion name and the relevant national standards, to facilitate practical work references.%  随着国外电力勘测设计市场的不断拓展,对国外勘测设计规范的理解和掌握就显得越来越重要。本文结合目前国外市场的开拓情况,对美国、欧洲等国的风荷载规范的基本风速标准进行了对比研究。通过分析各国风荷载规范中对基本风速定义方面的差异,结果表明各国在设计风速的差异主要体现在基本风速的时距和重现期两方面,本文还给出了风速转换中的常用关系和有关国家的标准名称,便于在实际工作中引用。

  20. GB 19865 & GB 6675 ANNEX A.A —— SAFETY OF ELECTRICAL TOYS Differences Between the new and old Chinese National Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Ganghua; He Xiaohong

    2007-01-01

    This article anlayzes the different requirements for electrical toys safety between GB 6675-2003 and GB 19865-2005. This information is summed up in table form to make it easy for toy designers and manufacturers to grasp the new standard.

  1. A randomized, open, parallel group, multicenter trial to investigate analgesic efficacy and safety of a new transdermal fentanyl patch compared to standard opioid treatment in cancer pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kress, Hans G; Von der Laage, Dorothea; Hoerauf, Klaus H;

    2008-01-01

    to be pharmacokinetically bioequivalent to the marketed fentanyl patch. To determine noninferiority in efficacy in cancer patients and to compare safety, a clinical trial comparing the new fentanyl patch with standard oral or transdermal opioid treatment was planned. The design was an open, parallel group, multicenter...

  2. Road cross-section. Annex VI to SWOV-report `Safety effects of road design standards', R-94-7 (see C 2838 (IRRD 866221).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Michalski, L.

    1995-01-01

    This volume is one of the annexes to a main report on safety effects of road design standards which was compiled by SWOV in collaboration with other European partners, in 1993-1994. For the covering abstract of the report or the report itself, see C 2838. The main objective of the project presented

  3. Will the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Proposed Standards for Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica Reduce Workplace Risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, Susan E; Morriss, Andrew P

    2015-07-01

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is developing regulations to amend existing standards for occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica by establishing a new permissible exposure limit as well as a series of ancillary provisions for controlling exposure. This article briefly reviews OSHA's proposed regulatory approach and the statutory authority on which it is based. It then evaluates OSHA's preliminary determination of significant risk and its analysis of the risk reduction achievable by its proposed controls. It recognizes that OSHA faces multiple challenges in devising a regulatory approach that reduces exposures and health risks and meets its statutory goal. However, the greatest challenge to reducing risks associated with silica exposure is not the lack of incentives (for either employers or employees) but rather lack of information, particularly information on the relative toxicity of different forms of silica. The article finds that OSHA's proposed rule would contribute little in the way of new information, particularly since it is largely based on information that is at least a decade old--a significant deficiency, given the rapidly changing conditions observed over the last 45 years. The article concludes with recommendations for alternative approaches that would be more likely to generate information needed to improve worker health outcomes.

  4. Comprehensive quantitative and qualitative liquid chromatography-radioisotope-mass spectrometry analysis for safety testing of tolbutamide metabolites without standard samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tozuka, Zenzaburo; Aoyama, Shinsuke; Nozawa, Kohei; Akita, Shoji; Oh-Hara, Toshinari; Adachi, Yasuhisa; Ninomiya, Shin-ichi

    2011-09-01

    Liquid chromatography-radioisotope-mass spectrometry (LC-RI-MS) analysis was used to determine the structures of 12 (four previously unknown) (14) C-tolbutamide (TB) metabolites in rat biological samples (plasma, urine, bile, feces, and microsomes). The four novel metabolites are ω-carboxy TB, hydroxyl TB (HTB)-O-glucuronide, TB-ortho or meta-glutathion, and tolylsulphoaminocarbo-glutathion. In rat plasma, after oral administration of (14) C-TB at therapeutic dose (1 mg/kg) and microdose (1.67 µg/kg), the total RI and six metabolites [HTB, carboxy TB (CTB), M1: desbutyl TB, M2: ω-hydroxyl TB, M3: α-hydroxyl TB, and M4: ω-1-hydroxyl TB] were quantified by LC-RI-MS. The plasma concentrations were calculated using their response factors (MS-RI intensity ratio) without standard samples, and the area under the curve (AUC) of plasma concentration per time for evaluation of Safety Testing of Drug Metabolites (MIST) was calculated using the ratio of TB metabolites AUC/total RI AUC. The ratios were as follows: TB 94.5% and HTB 2.5% for the microdose (1.67 µg/kg) and TB 95.6%, HTB 0.96%, CTB 0.065%, M1 0.62%, M2 0.0035%, M3 0.077%, and M4 0.015% for the therapeutic dose (1 mg/kg). These values were less than 10% of the MIST criteria.

  5. Basic Directive on the Planning of Civil Defence in response to Radiological Risk; La Directriz Basica de Planificacion de Proteccion Civil ante el Riesgo Radiologico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calvin Cuartero, M.; Vega Riber, R. de la

    2012-11-01

    The approval of this directive completes the basic set of standards governing nuclear and radiological emergencies applicable in Spain, in the implementation of which the Nuclear Safety Council plays a role defined in the Action Plan. (Author) 14 refs.

  6. 基于Web标准实现四种基本页面布局%Implementation of Four Kinds of Basic Page Layout Based on Web Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包乌格德勒; 李娟

    2012-01-01

    近年来随着网站制作技术的发展,Web标准已经成为网页设计与开发的一个趋势。但是在实际应用中,有时需要根据语言的文字书写习惯来设计页面布局。针对这一问题,介绍使用DIV+CSS布局技术实现四种基本页面布局的过程,同时给出相关方法和步骤。%Along with the recent development in Website production technology, Web standards has al- ready become a trend of Web design and development. However, in practical application, sometimes need to design a page layout based on the text writing mode of the language. To solve this problem, introduces the process of realizing four kinds of basic page layout with DIV+CSS layout technology, and gives the corresponding methods and steps.

  7. Basic Concurrency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løvengreen, Hans Henrik

    2002-01-01

    In this set of notes, we present some of the basic theory underlying the discipline of programming with concurrent processes/threads. The notes are intended to supplement a standard textbook on concurrent programming.......In this set of notes, we present some of the basic theory underlying the discipline of programming with concurrent processes/threads. The notes are intended to supplement a standard textbook on concurrent programming....

  8. Essence of demands of standard ISO 22000:2005 in aspect of assurances of milk health safety Istota wymagań standardu ISO 22000:2005 w aspekcie zapewnienia bezpieczeństwa zdrowotnego mleka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Górna

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the essence of demands of ISO 22000 as a standard which allows of control milk health safety in a more effective way. The implementation of system HACCP in the dairy companies undoubtedly make for more safety health products, however microbiological research of pasterized milk shows that it is scarce. The elementary advantage for organization which comes from food quality management system meeting demands included in standard ISO 22000 is undoubtedly assurance of legal demands concerning production of food safety and more effective control of risk of food safety. The dairy companies should aspire for implementation of more rigorous standard ISO 22000:2005.

  9. 农产品质量安全标准的研究综述%Review on Produce Quality and Safety Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁艳丽; 周源; 康晓玲

    2011-01-01

    对涉及农产品质量安全标准的企业动机、制定或采用该标准的生产商行为及影响因素、消费者行为和影响因素、标准化的理论和实践及企业行为能力等方面的国内外文献进行了概括和梳理,提出国内应从产业经济学、制度经济学和博弈论角度完善农产品质量安全标准的理论和实证分析;要运用竞争战略和竞争优势理论,并从制度环境、农产品特征、农产品市场的结构和产业链等方面对国内私人标准的形成、制定和影响进行深入研究.%Internal or external documents what involved motivation and formulation of produce quality and safety standards, manufacturer' s be havior and influencing factors,consumers behavior and influencing factors,standardized theory and practice as well as enterprise's disposing ca pacity were summarized and analyzed. Tlien,relative research directions were pointed out:theory research and empirical analysis of produce quali ty and safety standards were perfected using industry economics, institutional economics, game theory; enhancing the competitiveness of agricultur al products for China through private products quality and safety standards based on the competition strategy and competitive advantage theory; formation mechanism of private produce quality and safety standards in China from institutional environment,product characteristics,agricultural market structure and participants of agricultural industry chain.

  10. Research on the Making of Local Food Safety Standard%地方食品安全标准制定研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燕怡

    2014-01-01

    地方食品安全标准制定既要强调其合法性又要强调其合理性,合法性的实现多仰赖于行政机关的规范守法;合理性的实现,则着重于以多元化的视角对各种观点加以整合平衡。针对实践中食品安全中较为常见的问题,食品安全标准的制定须注重标准制定与标准执行的连贯性,提升食品安全标准的公信力,强化非政府组织的作用,引导公民对市场作用的理性思考。%The making of local food safety standard should necessarily emphasize its legitimacy and rational-ity. The legitimacy relies more on the specification and compliance of administrative organs and the ratio-nality focuses on the integrative balance of diverse perspectives and various viewpoints. Based on these principles and treated at common problems in food safety in practice, the paper proposes that the making of the food safety standard must focus on the consistency of standard making and standard implementation, en-hance the credibility of the food safety standard, strengthen the role of NGO and guide citizens to think the role of the market rationally.

  11. Asthma Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Asthma Basics KidsHealth > For Parents > Asthma Basics A A ... Asthma Categories en español Asma: aspectos fundamentales About Asthma Asthma is a common lung condition in kids ...

  12. Vaccine Basics (Smallpox)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: About CDC.gov . Smallpox About Smallpox History of Smallpox Spread and Eradication of Smallpox Transmission Signs and Symptoms Prevention and Treatment Smallpox Vaccine Basics Vaccine Safety Side Effects of Vaccination Who Should Get a Smallpox Vaccination? Bioterrorism The ...

  13. The basics in transportation of low-level radioactive waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allred, W.E.

    1998-06-01

    This bulletin gives a basic understanding about issues and safety standards that are built into the transportation system for radioactive material and waste in the US. An excellent safety record has been established for the transport of commercial low-level radioactive waste, or for that matter, all radioactive materials. This excellent safety record is primarily because of people adhering to strict regulations governing the transportation of radioactive materials. This bulletin discusses the regulatory framework as well as the regulations that set the standards for packaging, hazard communications (communicating the potential hazard to workers and the public), training, inspections, routing, and emergency response. The excellent safety record is discussed in the last section of the bulletin.

  14. 助听器安全专用标准解读及转化建议%Interpretation of the Standard for Safety of Hearing Aid and Suggestions for Transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅金德; 陈涛

    2015-01-01

    助听器是用来弥补听力障碍者由于听力损伤所造成缺陷的一种医用电气设备。在过去,助听器一直被认为是安全的,所以业内对于助听器安全的重视程度一直不够。本文介绍了国内外助听器行业标准化的状况,阐述了对安全专用标准转化的迫切需要,解读了IEC60601-2-66《助听器及助听器系统基本安全和主要性能专用要求》,并提出了为了促进行业发展,转化该标准的建议方案。%Hearing aid are used to make up for the hearing impaired due to hearing loss caused by the defect of a kind of medical electrical equipment. In the past, hearing aid has long been regarded as safe, security industry for hearing adi enough emphasis. This paper introduces the status of the hearing aid industry standardization, expounds the transformation of dedicated to safety standards are urgently needed. The author explains the IEC60601-2-66 " Medical electrical equipment – Part 2-66: Particular requirements for the basic safety and essential performance of hearing instruments and hearing instrument systems ", and put forward in order to promote the development of the industry, transformation of the standard proposal.

  15. Establishment and application of medication error classification standards in nursing care based on the International Classification of Patient Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Ping Zhu

    2014-09-01

    Conclusion: Application of this classification system will help nursing administrators to accurately detect system- and process-related defects leading to medication errors, and enable the factors to be targeted to improve the level of patient safety management.

  16. Inflation Basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, Dan [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)

    2014-03-01

    The last few years have yielded remarkable discoveries in physics. In particle physics it appears that a fundamental scalar field exists. The Higgs boson is measured to have a mass of about 126 GeV and to have spin zero and positive parity. The Higgs field is the first fundamental scalar to be discovered in physics. The Cosmic Microwave Background, CMB, is known to have a uniform temperature to parts per 105, but has well measured fluctuations, which are thought to evolve gravitationally to provide the seeds of the current structure of the Universe. In addition, the Universe appears to contain, at present, an unknown “dark energy”, which is presently the majority energy density of the Universe, larger than either matter or radiation. This may, indeed, be a fundamental scalar field like the Higgs. “Big Bang” (BB) cosmology is a very successful “standard model” in cosmology. However, it cannot explain the uniformity of the CMB because the CMB consists of many regions not causally connected in the context of the BB model. In addition, the Universe appears to be spatially flat. However, in BB cosmology the present spatial curvature is not stable, so that the initial conditions for BB cosmology would need to be fantastically fine-tuned in order to successfully predict the presently small value of the observed curvature. These issues for BB cosmology have led to the hypothesis of “inflation” which postulates an unknown scalar field, not presumably the Higgs field or the dark energy, which causes an exponential expansion of the Universe at very early times. This attractive hypothesis can account for the problems in BB cosmology of flatness and causal CMB connectivity. In addition, the quantum fluctuations of this postulated field provide a natural explanation of the CMB fluctuations which are the seeds of the structure of galaxies. Researchers are now searching for gravitational waves imprinted on the CMB. These would be a “smoking gun” for

  17. Inflation Basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, Dan [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)

    2014-03-01

    The last few years have yielded remarkable discoveries in physics. In particle physics it appears that a fundamental scalar field exists. The Higgs boson is measured to have a mass of about 126 GeV and to have spin zero and positive parity. The Higgs field is the first fundamental scalar to be discovered in physics. The Cosmic Microwave Background, CMB, is known to have a uniform temperature to parts per 105 but has well measured fluctuations which are thought to evolve gravitationally to provide the seeds of the current structure of the Universe. In addition, the Universe appears to contain, at present, an unknown “dark energy” which is presently the majority energy density of the Universe, larger than either matter or radiation. This may, indeed, be a fundamental scalar field like the Higgs. “Big Bang” (BB) cosmology is a very successful “standard model” in cosmology. However, it cannot explain the uniformity of the CMB because the CMB consists of many regions not causally connected in the context of the BB model. In addition, the Universe appears to be spatially flat. However in BB cosmology the present spatial curvature is not stable so that the initial conditions for BB cosmology would need to be fantastically fine-tuned in order to successfully predict the presently small value of the observed curvature. These issues for BB cosmology have led to the hypothesis of “inflation” which postulates an unknown scalar field, not presumably the Higgs field or the dark energy, which causes an exponential expansion of the Universe at very early times. This attractive hypothesis can account for the problems in BB cosmology of flatness and causal CMB connectivity. In addition, the quantum fluctuations of this postulated field provide a natural explanation of the CMB fluctuations which are the seeds of the structure of galaxies. Researchers are now searching for gravitational waves imprinted on the CMB. These would be a “smoking gun” for

  18. Investigation on the Basic Frame of Bamboo Structural Engineering Material Standard System of China%我国竹质结构工程材料标准体系基本框架初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉; 李新功; 李晓华; 任海青; 邢新婷

    2013-01-01

    基于我国竹质结构工程材料标准的发展现状和特点,分析了竹质结构工程材料标准体系的基本构成以及发展趋势,重点研究了竹质结构工程材料标准体系的构建思路,并列出基本结构框架图,为竹质结构工程材料标准体系的构建奠定基础.%Based on development situation and characteristics of bamboo structural engineering material standards, this paper analyzes its basic structures and development tendency, focuses on the thoughts of constructing the standards system,and lists the basic frame,which provides the theoretical basis for constructing the bamboo structural engineering material standard system.

  19. Impact of private food safety standards on Codex standards%食品安全私营标准对法典标准的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田静; 邵懿; 樊永祥

    2011-01-01

    私营标准的快速发展对法典标准产生了巨大影响.本文从标准的制定速度、严格程度、制定依据、认证成本、透明度等几个方面,对私营标准与法典标准的区别和联系进行分析,探讨私营标准对法典标准可能产生的影响,以及如何在确保食品法典标准权威性的情况下,使私营食品安全标准能够健康发展.并建议我国政府为企业改善基础设施条件、提高技术能力提供支持.同时,还应加强对私营标准的研究,及时跟踪私营标准的发展动态,尽可能降低私营标准对我国贸易的负面影响,保障食品行业健康发展,最终达到保护消费者健康的目的.%The rapid development of private standards possesses a tremendous impact on Codex standards. The difference and relationship between private standards and Codex standards in terms of the speed of developing standards, extent of stringency, evidence of enacting standards, costs of certification and transparency etc. were analyzed in this paper. The possible impacts of private standards on Codex standards and the sound development of private standards while ensuring the authority of Codex standards were considered. It is suggested that technical support on industries for improving their infrastructure of establishments should be provided. Furthermore, it should be strengthened on investigating into private standards, following their developments, and reducing the negative impacts on China's trade as low as possible, in order to ensure the sound development of food industries and ultimately to protect consumers' health.

  20. Basic electrotechnology

    CERN Document Server

    Ashen, R A

    2013-01-01

    BASIC Electrotechnology discusses the applications of Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC) in engineering, particularly in solving electrotechnology-related problems. The book is comprised of six chapters that cover several topics relevant to BASIC and electrotechnology. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to BASIC, and Chapter 2 talks about the use of complex numbers in a.c. circuit analysis. Chapter 3 covers linear circuit analysis with d.c. and sinusoidal a.c. supplies. The book also discusses the elementary magnetic circuit theory. The theory and performance of two windi

  1. Does science speak clearly and fairly in trade and food safety disputes? The search for an optimal response of WTO adjudication to problematic international standard-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Kuei-Jung

    2013-01-01

    Most international health-related standards are voluntary per se. However, the incorporation of international standard-making into WTO agreements like the SPS Agreement has drastically changed the status and effectiveness of the standards. WTO members are urged to follow international standards, even when not required to comply fully with them. Indeed, such standards have attained great influence in the trade system. Yet evidence shows that the credibility of the allegedly scientific approach of these international standard-setting institutions, especially the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) governing food safety standards, has been eroded and diluted by industrial and political influences. Its decision-making is no longer based on consensus, but voting. The adoption of new safety limits for the veterinary drug ractopamine in 2012, by a very close vote, is simply another instance of the problematic operations of the Codex. These dynamics have led skeptics to question the legitimacy of the standard setting body and to propose solutions to rectify the situation. Prior WTO rulings have yet to pay attention to the defect in the decision-making processes of the Codex. Nevertheless, the recent Appellate Body decision on Hormones II is indicative of a deferential approach to national measures that are distinct from Codex formulas. The ruling also rejects the reliance on those experts who authored the Codex standards to assess new measures of the European Community. This approach provides an opportunity to contemplate what the proper relationship between the WTO and Codex ought to be. Through a critical review of WTO rulings and academic proposals, this article aims to analyze how the WTO ought to define such interactions and respond to the politicized standard-making process in an optimal manner. This article argues that building a more systematic approach and normative basis for WTO judicial review of standard-setting decisions and the selection of technical

  2. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Basics will introduce you to some of this science, such as: How the brain develops How genes and the environment affect the brain The basic structure of the brain How different parts of the brain communicate and work with each other How changes in the brain ...

  3. Basic Education Management Informatization Standard Ideas%关于基础教育管理信息化功能标准思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张为民

    2011-01-01

    Higher education in the social structure of the transition,facing new opportunities and challenges,basic educational information in the education management information can become an important strategy for the reform of education and management trends.Basic teaching of management information to further improve the quality of basic education management and the absolute need.%高等教育在社会结构的转型期面临新的机遇和挑战,基础教育信息化在教育管理信息化中能够成为教育管理改革的重要战略发展趋势。基础教学管理信息化能进一步提高基础教学管理水平和质量的绝对需要

  4. Validation of an Interdisciplinary Food Safety Curriculum Targeted at Middle School Students and Correlated to State Educational Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Jennifer; Skolits, Gary; Burney, Janie; Pedigo, Ashley; Draughon, F. Ann

    2008-01-01

    Providing effective food safety education to young consumers is a national health priority to combat the nearly 76 million cases of foodborne illness in the United States annually. With the tremendous pressures on teachers for accountability in core subject areas, the focus of classrooms is on covering concepts that are tested on state performance…

  5. 76 FR 47436 - Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act; Incorporation by Reference of Successor Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... addition to multiple drains, UL 1563 requires that the suction fittings be installed with separation on... Consumer Product Safety Commission (``Commission,'' ``CPSC,'' or ``we'') finds the successor drain cover... prevent drain entrapment and child drowning in swimming pools and spas. The VGB Act requires that...

  6. Safety for Users

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    CERN welcomes more than 8000 Users every year. The PH Department as host to these scientific associates requires the highest safety standards. The PH Safety Office has published a Safety Flyer for Users. Important safety topics and procedures are presented. Although the Flyer is intended primarily to provide safety information for Users, the PH Safety Office invites all those on the CERN sites to keep a copy of the flyer as it gives guidance in matters of safety and explains what to do in the event of an emergency. Link: http://ph-dep.web.cern.ch/ph-dep/Safety/SafetyOffice.html PH-Safety Office PH Department

  7. Safety for Users

    CERN Document Server

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    CERN welcomes more than 8000 Users every year. The PH Department as host to these scientific associates requires the highest safety standards. The PH Safety Office has published a safety flyer for Users. Important safety topics and procedures are presented. Although the flyer is intended primarily to provide safety information for Users, the PH Safety Office invites all those on the CERN sites to keep a copy of the flyer as it gives guidance in matters of safety and explains what to do in the event of an emergency. The flyer is available at: http://ph-dep.web.cern.ch/ph-dep/Safety/SafetyOffice.html PH-Safety Office PH Department

  8. 78 FR 59121 - Basic Health Program: State Administration of Basic Health Programs; Eligibility and Enrollment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... 42 CFR Part 600 Office of the Secretary 45 CFR Part 144 Basic Health Program: State Administration of... Standard Health Plans; Performance Standards for Basic Health Programs; Premium and Cost Sharing for Basic... CFR Part 144 RIN 0938-AR93 Basic Health Program: State Administration of Basic Health...

  9. 78 FR 2236 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; New Pneumatic Tires for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-10

    ... Standards; New Pneumatic Tires for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of More Than 4,536 Kilograms (10,000 Pounds... Standard (FMVSS) No. 119, New pneumatic tires for motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR... first issued in 1973 until it was inadvertently omitted in 2003. The breaking energy requirement...

  10. Basic hydraulics

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, P D

    1982-01-01

    BASIC Hydraulics aims to help students both to become proficient in the BASIC programming language by actually using the language in an important field of engineering and to use computing as a means of mastering the subject of hydraulics. The book begins with a summary of the technique of computing in BASIC together with comments and listing of the main commands and statements. Subsequent chapters introduce the fundamental concepts and appropriate governing equations. Topics covered include principles of fluid mechanics; flow in pipes, pipe networks and open channels; hydraulic machinery;

  11. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... development. It may also assist in learning and memory. Problems in making or using glutamate have been ... of spiders. Studying how the amygdala helps create memories of fear and safety may help improve treatments ...

  12. Construction of Basic Sport Public Service Standardization:Content,Dilemma and Strategy%基本公共体育服务标准化建设:内容、困境与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学彬; 郑家鲲

    2015-01-01

    为了解我国基本公共体育服务标准化建设现状,促进我国基本公共体育服务标准化建设。通过文献分析和调查,对我国基本公共体育服务标准化的内涵、背景、动因及体育服务领域标准化建设进行分析和总结。在此基础上,提出基本公共体育服务标准化建设内容,探索基本公共体育服务标准化建设存在的困境,并从宏观、中观、微观3个方面提出发展基本公共体育服务标准化建设的策略。%In order to understand the current situation of China's basic sports public service standardization ,and promote the construction of basic sports public service standardization ,this paper analyzes and summarizes the content ,background ,motivation and sports service stand‐ardization construction of basic sports public service in China by means of literature review and investigation .On this basis ,the author puts forward the basic sports public service standardiza‐tion construction content ,and explores the dilemma of the basic sports public service standardi‐zation construction ,and provides the development strategy of basic public sports service stand‐ardization construction from the macro ,meso and micro aspects .

  13. Effectiveness, safety, and standard of service delivery: A patient-based survey at a pancha karma therapy unit in a secondary care Ayurvedic hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Rastogi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pancha karma is a modality of treatments commonly used in Ayurvedic hospitals. It has elaborate textual reference of its usage in various clinical conditions forming the basis of its extensive use in Ayurvedic clinical practice. Unfortunately, despite its unquestionable popularity and usage among Ayurvedic physicians and patients, it has not been evaluated rigorously on scientific parameters to identify its effectiveness, safety, and procedural standards. Considering the patient′s opinion as an important determinant in this perspective, this study aims at identifying the patient′s (actual recipients of pancha karma therapy perception toward the effectiveness, safety, and standard of service delivery concerning pancha karma through a structured survey at a pre-identified pancha karma therapy unit in a secondary care Ayurvedic hospital. Majority of the survey respondents considered these therapies as safe and effective (88%. Ninety-four percent respondents have expressed their satisfaction to the standard of services provided to them at the pancha karma unit of the hospital concerned.

  14. ORNL necessary and sufficient standards for environment, safety, and health. Final report of the Identification Team for other industrial, radiological, and non-radiological hazard facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    This Necessary and Sufficient (N and S) set of standards is for Other Industrial, Radiological, and Non-Radiological Hazard Facilities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). These facility classifications are based on a laboratory-wide approach to classify facilities by hazard category. An analysis of the hazards associated with the facilities at ORNL was conducted in 1993. To identify standards appropriate for these Other Industrial, Radiological, and Non-Radiological Hazard Facilities, the activities conducted in these facilities were assessed, and the hazards associated with the activities were identified. A preliminary hazards list was distributed to all ORNL organizations. The hazards identified in prior hazard analyses are contained in the list, and a category of other was provided in each general hazard area. A workshop to assist organizations in properly completing the list was held. Completed hazard screening lists were compiled for each ORNL division, and a master list was compiled for all Other Industrial, Radiological Hazard, and Non-Radiological facilities and activities. The master list was compared against the results of prior hazard analyses by research and development and environment, safety, and health personnel to ensure completeness. This list, which served as a basis for identifying applicable environment, safety, and health standards, appears in Appendix A.

  15. 我国的污染物基础标准与国际食品法典的污染物通用标准的比较%Comparison and analysis on general standards of contaminants and toxins in food established by Codex Alimentarius Commission with the basic standards used in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵懿; 朱丽华; 王君

    2011-01-01

    To compare general standards of contaminants and toxins in food established by Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) with the basic standards used in China in terms of contaminant species, food categories and maximum levels; and to provide evidence and reference for revising and improving our basic standards of contaminants and toxins in food. There are 20 contaminant species in our basic standards and 15 contaminant species in CAC standards; but 8 of them are the same. The food categories in our basic standards are more than that in CAC standards. Within comparable indexes,the maximum level of 19 indexes in China standards is equal to that in CAC standards, 6 of them are more generous than CAC standards and only one of them is stricter than CAC standards. Among the maximum levels, 77% in China basic standards are equal to or higher than the requirement of CAC standards, and the extent of coincidence with CAC general standards is very high.%从标准涉及的污染物种类、食品类别和限量值3个方面来对比我国污染物基础标准与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)制定的污染物通用标准的异同,为我国污染物基础标准体系的完善提供参考.我国基础标准涉及污染物种类20种,CAC标准为15种,二者相同的污染物种类为8种;我国标准涉及的食品种类多于CAC标准;在可比指标范围内,我国有19个限量指标值与CAC标准相同,6个限量指标值宽于CAC标准,仅1个限量指标值严于CAC标准.我国污染物限量标准中有77%可比指标限量值已达到或超过CAC标准的要求,与CAC标准的一致性程度较高.

  16. Creating symbiosis in research and education. Preserve nuclear competencies for Germany and provide highest safety standards to international markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niessen, Stefan [AREVA GmbH, Erlangen (Germany). Research and Development, Innovations and Patent Management

    2015-06-15

    AREVA participates actively in networks of industry and science via university cooperation and gives new ideas born from practical experience for the academic training of future nuclear engineers. Thus, the company ensures both the availability of new talents for its export strategy and relevant expertise for nuclear safety in Germany. When it comes to education and science after the German nuclear phase-out decision, the efforts must focus on internationalization. Greater integration in international networks can contribute to keeping the nuclear know-how in Germany alive. This concerns both industry and science. By having foreign experts use German training facilities, participate in research projects and gather professional practice, they contribute to the safe operation here and experience first-hand our safety culture grown over decades. In this context, AREVA outlines its university cooperation in Germany and abroad.

  17. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... depression. The Growing Brain Inside the Brain: Neurons & Neural Circuits Neurons are the basic working unit of ... but sometimes give rise to disabilities or diseases. neural circuit —A network of neurons and their interconnections. ...

  18. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Real Life Brain Basics in Real Life—How Depression affects the Brain Meet Sarah Sarah is a ... blues" from time to time. In contrast, major depression is a serious disorder that lasts for weeks. ...

  19. Schizophrenia Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... I know with schizophrenia? For More Information Share Schizophrenia Basics Download PDF Download ePub Order a free hardcopy What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder that affects ...

  20. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... News About Us Home > Health & Education > Educational Resources Brain Basics Introduction The Growing Brain The Working Brain ... to mental disorders, such as depression. The Growing Brain Inside the Brain: Neurons & Neural Circuits Neurons are ...

  1. Brain Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News About Us Home > Health & Education > Educational Resources Brain Basics Introduction The Growing Brain The Working Brain ... to mental disorders, such as depression. The Growing Brain Inside the Brain: Neurons & Neural Circuits Neurons are ...

  2. Fluoridation Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Page Basic Information About Fluoride Benefits: Strong Teeth History of Fluoride in Water Cost: Saves Money, Saves Teeth Fluoride in the Water Today The mineral fluoride occurs naturally on earth and is released from rocks into the soil, ...

  3. Basic Finance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vittek, J. F.

    1972-01-01

    A discussion of the basic measures of corporate financial strength, and the sources of the information is reported. Considered are: balance sheet, income statement, funds and cash flow, and financial ratios.

  4. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... science, such as: How the brain develops How genes and the environment affect the brain The basic ... that with brain development in people mental disorders. Genes and environmental cues both help to direct this ...

  5. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in the anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the nervous system. When the brain cannot effectively coordinate the billions ... the basic working unit of the brain and nervous system. These cells are highly specialized for the function ...

  6. International trade standards for commodities and products derived from animals: the need for a system that integrates food safety and animal disease risk management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, G R; Penrith, M-L; Atkinson, M W; Thalwitzer, S; Mancuso, A; Atkinson, S J; Osofsky, S A

    2013-12-01

    A case is made for greater emphasis to be placed on value chain management as an alternative to geographically based disease risk mitigation for trade in commodities and products derived from animals. The geographic approach is dependent upon achievement of freedom in countries or zones from infectious agents that cause so-called transboundary animal diseases, while value chain-based risk management depends upon mitigation of animal disease hazards potentially associated with specific commodities or products irrespective of the locality of production. This commodity-specific approach is founded on the same principles upon which international food safety standards are based, viz. hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP). Broader acceptance of a value chain approach enables animal disease risk management to be combined with food safety management by the integration of commodity-based trade and HACCP methodologies and thereby facilitates 'farm to fork' quality assurance. The latter is increasingly recognized as indispensable to food safety assurance and is therefore a pre-condition to safe trade. The biological principles upon which HACCP and commodity-based trade are based are essentially identical, potentially simplifying sanitary control in contrast to current separate international sanitary standards for food safety and animal disease risks that are difficult to reconcile. A value chain approach would not only enable more effective integration of food safety and animal disease risk management of foodstuffs derived from animals but would also ameliorate adverse environmental and associated socio-economic consequences of current sanitary standards based on the geographic distribution of animal infections. This is especially the case where vast veterinary cordon fencing systems are relied upon to separate livestock and wildlife as is the case in much of southern Africa. A value chain approach would thus be particularly beneficial to under-developed regions of

  7. 基于能力本位观的《基本乐理》课程建设研究%Based on the Concept of "Ability Standard" Curriculum Construction of Basic Music Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙江江; 郎启训

    2016-01-01

    我国《基本乐理》课程教材版本众多无法抉择,并且该课程师资力量匮乏,文章以能力本位观为指导,从基本乐理课程理念的落实、师资力量的培育以及教材建设等方面来对《基本乐理》的课程建设展开研究,从而希望能达到促进基本乐理课程教学良性发展的目的。%There are different methods for the teaching of Basic Music Theory in our country, so it is difficult to decide on which one is better. Meanwhile, there is short of qualified teachers in the teaching of Basic Music Theory. This paper carries out a constructive study on the course of Basic Music Theory from three aspects, the implementation of curriculum concept of Basic Music Theory, the training and education of teachers and academic research, under the guidance of ability standard concept so that it hopes to be able to achieve the purpose of promoting the benign development of the teaching of Basic Music Theory.

  8. 浅析大数据思维在食品安全标准制定中的应用%Elementary Discussion on the Developing Food Safety Standards in the Age of Big Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕燕; 韩宏伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective “Big data” has become an important tool of macro design and handling of the complex problems, this study intends to explore the new ideas for the formulation of food safety standards in the age of big data background. Methods The concept, characteristics and application of the “big data” in the public health, and the formulation of the current food safety standard procedures and requirements. Results“Big data”is an important toolin the management of public health, the formulation of current food safety standards are mainly based on experiment data and the food consumption data,not including environmental factors. Conclusion This paper puts forward the basic train of thought of developing food safety standards in the era of big data,that is,to expand the field of usage of the data, on the basis of natural environment monitoring and social informationselection,to a deeper and wider areas,andpromote the interaction between the government and the public to form the cooperative governance in food standards developing.%目的:大数据已成为面对复杂问题时的宏观设计和处理的重要手段,本研究拟探讨在大数据时代背景下食品安全标准制定的新思路。方法梳理大数据的概念、特点和在人群健康领域的应用,以及现行食品安全标准制定的程序和要求。结果大数据思维是创新健康管理的重要手段,现行食品安全标准制定主要利用实验数据和食物消费量数据,对环境因素考虑不足。结论本文提出了大数据在食品安全标准制定中应用的新思路,在利用自然环境监测和社会环境信息的基础上,探讨构建综合分析大数据的数学统计模型,拓展数据的使用范围,从更深层次、更广领域促进标准制定工作与社会公众之间的互动,形成政府主导、公众参与、多元化的标准制定新格局。

  9. 矿产资源综合利用基本术语概念体系研究%Research on the Concept System of Basic Terminological Standard for Comprehensive Utilization of Mineral Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于常亮; 兰井志; 刘亚改

    2011-01-01

    Basic terminological standard is one of the most important elements in normative management and technology of comprehensive utilization. The author analyzes the implication and extension of the term "comprehensive utilization of mineral resources", and cleares the main elements of basic terminological standard for comprehensive utilization of mineral resources and the relationship between them; According to the concerned fields with comprehensive utilization of mineral resources and results in front of the paper, researcher builds the concept system of the basic terminological standard.%术语标准是综合利用管理和技术规范化的重要基础。笔者从矿产资源综合利用概念的内涵和外延入手,在明确术语标准的研究主体及主体之间关系的基础上,按照矿产资源综合利用工作涉及的具体领域,研究构建了矿产资源综合利用术语标准的概念体系。

  10. Comprehensive Evaluation of Dam Safety Monitoring System: ( Ⅱ ) Evaluation Standards%大坝安全监测系统综合评价(Ⅱ)评价标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何金平; 逄智堂; 马传彬

    2011-01-01

    The evaluation standards are the base to measure the working status of single evaluation index of a dam monitoring system. However, there are no uniform evaluation standards to most of the evaluation indexes. Based on the current technical specifications and equipment standards for dam monitoring, according to practical experience, the method for determining the evaluation standards are studied, and the evaluation standards for some single quantitative and qualitative indexes are proposed. The research results can provide some reference suggestions for both the engineering practices and making out specifications in comprehensive evaluation of the dam safety monitoring system.%评价标准是衡量监测系统各单项评价指标状态的依据,目前,大部分评价指标尚缺乏明确的评价标准.依据现行监测技术规范和监测仪器技术标准,结合工程实践经验,研究了监测系统各单项评价指标的确定方法,提出了部分单项定量评价指标及其评价标准,为大坝安全监测系统综合评价的具体实践和将来评价规范的制定提供了参考性建议.

  11. A randomized, open, parallel group, multicenter trial to investigate analgesic efficacy and safety of a new transdermal fentanyl patch compared to standard opioid treatment in cancer pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kress, H.G.; Laage, D. Von der; Hoerauf, K.H.;

    2008-01-01

    to be pharmacokinetically bioequivalent to the marked fentanyl patch. To determine noninferiority in efficacy in cancer patients and to compare safety, a clinical trial comparing the new fentanyl patch with standard oral or transdermal opioid treatment was planned. The design was an open, parallel group, multicenter trial......A new 72-hour transdermal fentanyl matrix patch has been designed, which has a 35%-50% reduction of the absolute fentanyl content compared with other currently available transdermal fentanyl patches that are using the matrix technology. The new patch has previously been shown...... in relative PI area under the curve between the fentanyl patch and standard opioid treatment were less than 10% for both the intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations. Scores for the tolerability endpoints were similar in the treatment groups. The new fentanyl matrix patch with a lower drug load...

  12. Neutronic Study of Burnup, Radiotoxicity, Decay Heat and Basic Safety Parameters of Mono-Recycling of Americium in French Pressurised Water Reactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Bright Mawuko Sogbadji

    2017-03-01

    americium isotopes (MOXAm fuel was fabricated to see the effect of americium in MOX fuel on the burnup, neutronic behaviour and radiotoxicity. The MOXAm fuel showed relatively good indicators on both burnup and radiotoxicity. A 68GWd/T MOX assembly produced from a reprocessed fuel spent 46GWd/T UOX assembly showed a decrease in radiotoxicity as compared with the open cycle. All fuel types understudied in the PWR cycle showed a good safety inherent feature with the exception of some MOXAm assemblies that have a positive void coefficient in specific configurations, which would not be consistent with safety features.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.72.3.12790

  13. 遵循JCI标准的门诊手术室安全核查%The Surgery Safety Check for Outpatient Following JCI Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧芬; 毛美蓉; 张兰兰

    2014-01-01

    目的遵循JCI标准,探讨实施门诊手术安全核查的效果与体会。方法制定门诊手术安全核查表,落实门诊手术安全核查制度,并随机抽查实施安全核查制度前后各300例患者,比较实施安全核查前后护理措施漏项人数、漏项数以及患者满意度。结果实施门诊手术安全核查后,护理措施漏项人数及漏项数有显著下降,患者满意度有显著提高,两者相比有显著统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论门诊手术安全核查的实施,确保了门诊手术患者的安全,提高了患者的满意度,符合JCI的标准,值得继续推行。%Objective To explore the effect and experience of the implementation of outpatient surgery safety check following JCI standards. Method 300 patients were chosen randomly to compare the number of patients with nursing omissions, number of omitted interventions and patient satisfaction before and after development of outpatient surgery safety check list and implementation of the check system. Results After the implementation of outpatient surgery safety check, the number of patients with nursing omissions and omitted interventions decreased significantly while patient satisfaction improved significantly and all result are with statistically significance (P<0.01). Conclusion Implementation of the outpatient surgery safety check in compliance with JCI standards can ensure the safety of outpatient surgery and improve patient satisfaction. It is worthy of continued implementation.

  14. Bienes básicos, mercancía patrón y tasa de ganancia en Piero Sraffa Basic goods, standard commodity and the rate of profit in Piero Sraffa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supelano Sarmiento Alberto

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo describe el papel de los bienes básicos y la mercancía patrón en el esquema de precios de producción propuesto por Piero Sraffa. Su tema central son los problemas relacionados con la interpretación de Homero Cuevas: la importancia de los bienes básicos y de los bienes de lujo en la determinación de los precios y la distribución del excedente; la composición y el papel de la mercancía patrón; las limitaciones de la distinción entre los dos tipos de bienes y del concepto de mercancía patrón y la supuesta imposibilidad de construir la mercancía patrón.This essay describes the role of basic goods and the standard commodity in the prices of production scheme proposed by Piero Sraffa. Its central theme concerns the problems related to the interpretation of Homero Cuevas: the importance of basic goods and luxury goods in the determination of prices and the distribution of the surplus; the composition and role of the standard commodity; the limitations of the distinction between the two types of goods and theconcept of standard commodity and the supposed impossibility of constructing the standard commodity.

  15. Evaluation of human exposure to complex waveform magnetic fields generated by arc-welding equipment according to European safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoppetti, Nicola; Bogi, Andrea; Pinto, Iole; Andreuccetti, Daniele

    2015-02-01

    In this paper, a procedure is described for the assessment of human exposure to magnetic fields with complex waveforms generated by arc-welding equipment. The work moves from the analysis of relevant guidelines and technical standards, underlining their strengths and their limits. Then, the procedure is described with particular attention to the techniques used to treat complex waveform fields. Finally, the procedure is applied to concrete cases encountered in the workplace. The discussion of the results highlights the critical points in the procedure, as well as those related to the evolution of the technical and exposure standards.

  16. Basic electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Holbrook, Harold D

    1971-01-01

    Basic Electronics is an elementary text designed for basic instruction in electricity and electronics. It gives emphasis on electronic emission and the vacuum tube and shows transistor circuits in parallel with electron tube circuits. This book also demonstrates how the transistor merely replaces the tube, with proper change of circuit constants as required. Many problems are presented at the end of each chapter. This book is comprised of 17 chapters and opens with an overview of electron theory, followed by a discussion on resistance, inductance, and capacitance, along with their effects on t

  17. Hydrogen Technologies Safety Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivkin, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Burgess, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Buttner, W. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this guide is to provide basic background information on hydrogen technologies. It is intended to provide project developers, code officials, and other interested parties the background information to be able to put hydrogen safety in context. For example, code officials reviewing permit applications for hydrogen projects will get an understanding of the industrial history of hydrogen, basic safety concerns, and safety requirements.

  18. Major accidents involving dangerous chemicals and Standard Basic Self-Protection; Accidentes graves en los que intervangan sustancias quimica peligrosas y Norma Basica de Autoproteccion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso Fernandez, L.

    2011-07-01

    Nuclear and radioactive facilities and other centers, institutions and agencies engaged in activities that may lead to emergency situations, are subject to specific regulations directed to take measures to prevent and control risks at source and to act initially in emergency situations and limit the consequences, in order to protect people, property and the environment. With these premise, place the following article, which summarizes the basic guidelines in the field of major accident and self-protection, summarizing the implications of current legislation in this field. (Author)

  19. 78 FR 36711 - Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act Title VII-Drug Supply Chain; Standards for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ... Innovation Act Title VII--Drug Supply Chain; Standards for Admission of Imported Drugs, Registration of... chain. In addition to providing a general overview of Title VII and FDA's approach to implementing these..., including dramatic increases in drug imports, complex and fragmented global supply chains, and...

  20. Ethanol Basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-01-30

    Ethanol is a widely-used, domestically-produced renewable fuel made from corn and other plant materials. More than 96% of gasoline sold in the United States contains ethanol. Learn more about this alternative fuel in the Ethanol Basics Fact Sheet, produced by the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program.

  1. Body Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... more about how the body works, what basic human anatomy is, and what happens when parts of the body don't function properly. Blood Bones, Muscles, and Joints Brain and Nervous System Digestive System Endocrine System Eyes Female Reproductive System Heart and Circulatory System Immune ...

  2. Brain Basics

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... such as depression. The Growing Brain Inside the Brain: Neurons & Neural Circuits Neurons are the basic working unit ... final destination. Chemical signals from other cells guide neurons in forming various brain structures. Neighboring neurons make connections with each other ...

  3. Insulin Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Honor Become a Member En Español Type 1 Type 2 About Us Online Community Meal Planning Sign In Search: Search More Sites Search ≡ Are You At Risk? Diabetes Basics Living with Diabetes Food & Fitness In My ... Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test Lower Your Risk Healthy ...

  4. Automated Standard Hazard Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebler, Shane

    2014-01-01

    The current system used to generate standard hazard reports is considered cumbersome and iterative. This study defines a structure for this system's process in a clear, algorithmic way so that standard hazard reports and basic hazard analysis may be completed using a centralized, web-based computer application. To accomplish this task, a test server is used to host a prototype of the tool during development. The prototype is configured to easily integrate into NASA's current server systems with minimal alteration. Additionally, the tool is easily updated and provides NASA with a system that may grow to accommodate future requirements and possibly, different applications. Results of this project's success are outlined in positive, subjective reviews complete by payload providers and NASA Safety and Mission Assurance personnel. Ideally, this prototype will increase interest in the concept of standard hazard automation and lead to the full-scale production of a user-ready application.

  5. 合理用药与用药安全的规范管理%Standardized Management of Rational Drug Use and Drug Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高庆利; 刘吉霞

    2015-01-01

    Antimicrobial drug abuse or blind application, no indication the prevention and treatment of drug use, the drug of choice and compatibility infusion unreasonable, inappropriate combination therapy and in combination to the same recep-tors or reuse similar drugs for clinical irrational drug use s reason. To comply with laws and regulations and establish a sound management system, strengthen the overall control of rational drug use, so that the standard management of rational drug use. To standardize the drug safety management system, strengthen chemical management and strengthen clinical inter-ventions full medication guide and standardize the management of drug safety.%抗菌药物的滥用或盲目应用﹑无指征预防和治疗用药﹑不合理选择药物和配伍输液﹑不恰当的联合用药和联合应用作用于同一受体或重复使用同类药物为临床不合理用药的原因. 要遵守法律法规并建立健全管理制度,加强合理用药的全程控制,做到合理用药的规范管理.要通过规范用药安全管理制度﹑强化药剂管理和加强临床全程用药干预指导,规范用药安全管理.

  6. 城市地理信息系统基础数据库建库标准化探讨%Discussion on the Standardization of Basic Database Urban GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞晖; 许云涛 许云涛

    2001-01-01

    This paper outlines the fundamental principles of establishing the basic database for urban GIS. The data model of basic database is analyzed. And the comments on standardization are given.%提出了城市地理信息系统基础数据库标准化的基本原则和方法。运用以上原则及地理信息系统 和数据库的理论知识,着重对基础数据库的数据模型和建库方法进行分析,以保证基础数据的建库按 标准化方向实施。

  7. 关于开展食品安全标准认证的讨论%A Discussion about Food Safety Standard Authentication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晖; 狄琳娜

    2014-01-01

    The principle contradiction of Chinese food safety supervision is contradiction of limited supervision resource and unlimited supervised objects. The method to solve the contradiction is to develop food safety standard authentication. We should classify the food products to several kinds and supervise organizations take charge of different kinds of food separately. By authenticating and supervise food producer and seller on condition ,the businesses received authentication can set up business reputation under the help of government and some of them will change into big businesses. Supervise organizations can concentrate on supervision of authenticated businesses and save labor and capital. The businesses that are not authenticated will be punished seriously as authenticated if there happened food safety problems by them. The paper also imagined the earlier stage work of food safety standard authentication.%我国食品安全监管的主要矛盾是有限的监管资源和无限的监管对象之间的矛盾。化解这一矛盾的手段是开展食品安全标准认证。要将食品分成几大类别,各监管机构分别负责不同类别食品的监管。通过对有条件的食品生产、销售企业实施认证和监管,可使部分接受认证的企业在政府的帮助下树立信誉,做大做强。食品安全监管机构可以把主要精力放在接受认证企业的监管上,从而节约人力物力。未接受认证的企业如果发生食品安全问题,将同认证企业一样,遭到严肃处理。本文还对开展食品安全认证的前期工作提出了设想。

  8. Wavelet basics

    CERN Document Server

    Chan, Y T

    1995-01-01

    Since the study of wavelets is a relatively new area, much of the research coming from mathematicians, most of the literature uses terminology, concepts and proofs that may, at times, be difficult and intimidating for the engineer. Wavelet Basics has therefore been written as an introductory book for scientists and engineers. The mathematical presentation has been kept simple, the concepts being presented in elaborate detail in a terminology that engineers will find familiar. Difficult ideas are illustrated with examples which will also aid in the development of an intuitive insight. Chapter 1 reviews the basics of signal transformation and discusses the concepts of duals and frames. Chapter 2 introduces the wavelet transform, contrasts it with the short-time Fourier transform and clarifies the names of the different types of wavelet transforms. Chapter 3 links multiresolution analysis, orthonormal wavelets and the design of digital filters. Chapter 4 gives a tour d'horizon of topics of current interest: wave...

  9. Safety and effectiveness of a circumferential clip-based vascular closure device for hemostasis in off-label applications: Comparison with standard applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Chan; Kim, Chang Won [Dept. of Radiology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Ung Bae [Dept. of Radiology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan Pusan National University Hospital, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-09-15

    We investigated the efficacy and safety of a circumferential nitinol clip based arterial closure device following arteriotomy, especially in off-label applications. Consecutive patients who underwent the procedure with arteriotomy from January 2011 to February 2014 were included in this study. We defined standard use as the use of StarClose for retrograde puncture of the common femoral artery (CFA) and off-label use as the use of StarClose for retrograde puncture of the superficial femoral artery (SFA), antegrade puncture of the CFA or SFA, puncture of the brachial artery or puncture of the vascular graft. The procedures performed included percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and thrombolysis. Technical success was defined as complete hemostasis achieved within 3 minute after the closure. Complications, and laboratory findings associated with coagulation function, were also investigated. There were 146 cases of standard applications and 111 cases of off-label applications. Technical success was achieved in all cases. The off-label group comprised the use of StarClose for retrograde puncture of the SFA (n = 19), antegrade puncture of the CFA or SFA (n = 74), brachial artery puncture (n = 5), larger sheath than 6 Fr (n = 7) and vascular graft puncture (n = 6). Minor complications were noted in both groups (standard group: 7.5%, off-label group: 2.7%). Off-label use of StarClose is safe and feasible.

  10. Road safety audit tools, procedures, and experiences : a literature review and recommendations : research in the framework of the European research project Safety Standards for Road Design and Redesign SAFESTAR, Workpackage 8.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooi, R.M. van der

    1999-01-01

    This report describes tools and procedures established in different countries which apply Road Safety Audits (RSA). These RSAs are utilized to identify potential safety problems and they concentrate on safety measures to overcome these problems. This technique is used to detect possible safety hazar

  11. Decontamination: back to basics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meredith, Susan J; Sjorgen, Geoff

    2008-07-01

    My invitation from this Journal's Editor, Felicia Cox, to provide a paper for this themed issue, included the sentence 'I was wondering if you or a colleague would like to contribute a back to basics article on the relevant standards and guidelines for decontamination, including what is compliance?'. The reason it is so interesting to me is that the term 'back to basics' implies reverting to a simpler time in life - when by just sticking to the rules, life became easier. However, with decontamination this is not actually true.

  12. Fires and Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Standard Forms FSIS United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service About FSIS District Offices Careers ... Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Fires and Food Safety Fire! Few words can strike such terror. Residential ...

  13. New Safety rules

    CERN Multimedia

    Safety Commission

    2008-01-01

    The revision of CERN Safety rules is in progress and the following new Safety rules have been issued on 15-04-2008: Safety Procedure SP-R1 Establishing, Updating and Publishing CERN Safety rules: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SP-R1.htm; Safety Regulation SR-S Smoking at CERN: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SR-S.htm; Safety Regulation SR-M Mechanical Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/SR-M.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M1 Standard Lifting Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M1.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M2 Standard Pressure Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M2.htm; General Safety Instruction GSI-M3 Special Mechanical Equipment: http://cern.ch/safety-rules/GSI-M3.htm. These documents apply to all persons under the Director General’s authority. All Safety rules are available at the web page: http://www.cern.ch/safety-rules The Safety Commission

  14. The origins of a global standard for food quality and safety: Codex Alimentarius Austriacus and FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojir, Franz; Schübl, Erwin; Elmadfa, Ibrahim

    2012-06-01

    In the second half of the 19(th) century the incidence of food adulterations increased very rapidly, prompting many European countries to put into force food laws to fight these practices. A number of parallel attempts were undertaken to establish a collection of instructions for the assessment of food samples to warrant the comparability of results obtained and interpreted by different experts. The first official steps towards such a standardization was made in 1891 at an international meeting of food chemists and microscopic scientists in Vienna. As a consequence, Austria installed a “Scientific Commission” in 1891, which drafted chapters for a future Codex Alimentarius Austriacus. In 1907, a Codex Commission was installed by the Ministry of Interior, but it took about four years, from 1907 to 1911, before the first edition of this compendium was published. So far, four editions have followed. The Codex Alimentarius Austriacus is a set of standards and guidelines for stakeholders, authorities, and law courts as a base for their activities. It has evolved over the past 100 years to become a flexible instrument, which has become indispensable for Austria. After 1945, attempts were made in different parts of the world to develop standardized rules for the testing of food samples to prevent trade barriers within the respective region. In Europe for instance, the development of a Codex Alimentarius Europaeus initiated by the Austrian Hans Frenzel, and based upon the model of the Codex Alimentarius Austriacus, made good progress. A number of other European countries were involved in this project. However, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Nations were intent on impeding such regional activities to prevent trade barriers at a global level. Between 1960 and 1963, steps were taken to install a FAO/WHO Codex partly in close cooperation with the Codex Alimentarius Europaeus. Since 1963, the FAO/WHO Codex

  15. Basic regulations and standards for and performance of measurements in wet cooling towers; Norm-Grundlagen und praktische Durchfuehrung von Leistungsmessungen an Nasskuehltuermen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tesche, W. [Balcke-Duerr GmbH, Ratingen (Germany). Geschaeftsbereich Nasskuehlung

    1998-09-01

    Performance measurement in wet cooling towers is a process well covered and specified by national standards, which meanwhile have been harmonized. The European standard recently eleaborated by the cooling tower manufacturing firms that are members of the VDMA association reflects the state of the art and presents a regulatory framework for applications that has been well tuned to conditions met in practice. Evaluation of measurements relies on a comparative analysis of measured data with the cooling characteristics supplied by the manufacturer, either in the form of a diagram, a computer program, or as tabulated information. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Leistungsmessungen am Nasskuehlturm sind in laenderspezifischen Normen genau spezifiziert. Die Normen haben sich mittlerweile angeglichen. Die von dem im VDMA zusammengeschlossenen Kuehlturmfirmen erarbeitete Euronorm zu diesem Thema spiegelt den aktuellen Stand in einer praxisnahen Durchfuehrungsverordnung wieder. Die Bewertung der Messung erfolgt im Vergleich mit der vor Messbeginn bekannten Kuehlcharakteristik, die entweder als Diagramm, Rechenprogramm oder zumindest als Tabelle vom Lieferanten erstellt wurde. (orig./GL)

  16. A national standard for psychosocial safety climate (PSC): PSC 41 as the benchmark for low risk of job strain and depressive symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Tessa S; Dollard, Maureen F; Richards, Penny A M

    2015-01-01

    Despite decades of research from around the world now permeating occupational health and safety (OHS) legislation and guidelines, there remains a lack of tools to guide practice. Our main goal was to establish benchmark levels of psychosocial safety climate (PSC) that would signify risk of job strain (jobs with high demands and low control) and depression in organizations. First, to justify our focus on PSC, using interview data from Australian employees matched at 2 time points 12 months apart (n = 1081), we verified PSC as a significant leading predictor of job strain and in turn depression. Next, using 2 additional data sets (n = 2097 and n = 1043) we determined benchmarks of organizational PSC (range 12-60) for low-risk (PSC at 41 or above) and high-risk (PSC at 37 or below) of employee job strain and depressive symptoms. Finally, using the newly created benchmarks we estimated the population attributable risk (PAR) and found that improving PSC in organizations to above 37 could reduce 14% of job strain and 16% of depressive symptoms in the working population. The results provide national standards that organizations and regulatory agencies can utilize to promote safer working environments and lower the risk of harm to employee mental health.

  17. In vivo safety evaluation of UP780, a standardized composition of aloe chromone aloesin formulated with an Aloe vera inner leaf fillet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yimam, Mesfin; Brownell, Lidia; Jia, Qi

    2014-08-01

    Safety profiles of the aloe chromone aloesin or Aloe vera inner leaf fillet (Qmatrix) as a well tolerated entity have been reported separately. UP780, a standardized composition of aloe chromone formulated with an Aloe vera inner leaf fillet, has shown a significant beneficial effect in lowering blood glucose and improving insulin resistance in human. Here we evaluate the safety of UP780 after a repeated 14 and 90-day oral administration in CD-1 mice. UP780 was given at doses of 100mg/kg/day, 500mg/kg/day and 1000mg/kg/day to groups of 10 male and 10 female for 90days or administered by oral gavage at a dose of 2g/kg/day to groups of 5 male and 5 female for 14days. Body weight, feed consumption, hematology, clinical chemistry and histopathologic evaluation were performed. UP780 at a dose of 1000mg/kg/day or at 2000mg/kg/day produced no treatment-related toxicity or mortality. Body weight gain or feed consumption was similar between groups. There was no test article-related microscopic change. Spontaneously occurring minor changes in clinical chemistry and hematology were observed. However, these changes were limited to one sex or were not dose correlated. UP780 was well tolerated in this strain. A dose of 2000mg/kg/day was identified as the NOAEL (no-observed-adverse-effect-level).

  18. 可燃制冷剂标准修订进展%Progress on the Revision of Safety Standards for Flammable Refrigerants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴克安; 郭智恺; 郑冬芳; 谢品赞; 张建君

    2014-01-01

    This paper focused on the revision of safety standards related to the refrigerants and systems’ flammability all over the world. The attitude towards the strongly flammable refrigerant applications such as hydrocarbons was discussed. Result showed that most of the states’ attitudes towards the weaker flammable refrigerants were relaxed, but there were still disagreements for the strongly flammable hydrocarbons.%阐述了全球各主要地区制冷剂及系统关于可燃性的安全标准的修订情况,并介绍了各国对于HCs类易可燃性制冷剂的应用态度。各国对弱可燃制冷剂的态度有所松动,但对于HCs类易燃制冷剂的应用仍有较大分歧。

  19. A review of the global pesticide legislation and the scale of challenge in reaching the global harmonization of food safety standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handford, Caroline E; Elliott, Christopher T; Campbell, Katrina

    2015-10-01

    Pesticide use is important in agriculture to protect crops and improve productivity. However, pesticides have the potential to cause adverse human health or environmental effects, depending on exposure levels. This review examines existing pesticide legislation worldwide, focusing on the level of harmonization and impacts of differing legislation on food safety and trade. Pesticide legislation varies greatly worldwide, because countries have different requirements, guidelines, and legal limits for plant protection. Developed nations have more stringent regulations than developing countries, which lack the resources and expertise to adequately implement and enforce legislation. Global differences in pesticide legislation act as a technical barrier to trade. International parties such as the European Union (EU), Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) have attempted to harmonize pesticide legislation by providing maximum residue limits (MRLs), but globally these limits remain variable. Globally harmonized pesticide standards would serve to increase productivity, profits, and trade and also enhance the ability to protect public health and the environment.

  20. The safety of higher than standard dose of doxylamine-pyridoxine (Diclectin) for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanackovic, G; Navioz, Y; Moretti, M E; Koren, G

    2001-08-01

    A delayed-release combination of doxylamine-pyridoxine (D-P) (Diclectin) is the only approved antiemetic medication for use in pregnancy in Canada. The standard recommended dose is up to 4 tablets a day, regardless of body weight or severity of symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of adverse maternal and fetal effects and pregnancy outcome in 225 women taking Diclectin at the recommended (n = 123) or higher than recommended (n = 102) doses. In this observational, prospective study, one-third (33.6%) of women reported having adverse effects (sleepiness, tiredness, and/or drowsiness) temporally related to the medication. There was no association between the dose per kg and rates of reported maternal adverse effects with doses ranging from 0.1 mg/kg to 2.0 mg/kg (1-12 tablets). Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) was reported as severe by the majority (75.8%) of women. Mean birth weight (BW) was 3,400 g and gestational age (GA) 39 weeks. Multivariate analysis revealed that only prepregnancy weight and GA predicted lower BW, not the dose of D-P or the severity of NVP. There were two pregnancies with major malformation, a finding that is consistent with the rates of birth defects in the general population. It was concluded that the higher than standard dose of Diclectin, when calculated per kg of body weight, does not affect either the incidence of maternal adverse effects or pregnancy outcome. If needed, Diclectin can be given at doses higher than 4 tablets/day to normalize for body weight or optimize efficacy.

  1. [Basic standards for a department of cardiac surgery. Quality requirements for the care of cardiac patients in connection with operations on the heart, the heart vessels and thoracic organ transplantation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, Andreas; Beyersdorf, F; Diegeler, A; Mohr, F W; Welz, A; Rein, J-G; Cremer, J

    2013-12-01

    Current evolutions and substantial amendments of the German health care system in combination with distinguished progress in cardiac surgery over the past years require both a reflection of principles in patient-centered care and an update of basic standard requirements for a department of cardiac surgery in Germany. In due consideration of the data from the voluntary registry of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, this article accurately defines core requirements for a cardiac surgical department (cardiac surgery on-site), subdivided into facilities, staff and processes. If based on these standards, one may anticipate that cardiac surgical care is performed under appropriate conditions leading to an intrinsic benefit for patients.

  2. Regression Basics

    CERN Document Server

    Kahane, Leo H

    2007-01-01

    Using a friendly, nontechnical approach, the Second Edition of Regression Basics introduces readers to the fundamentals of regression. Accessible to anyone with an introductory statistics background, this book builds from a simple two-variable model to a model of greater complexity. Author Leo H. Kahane weaves four engaging examples throughout the text to illustrate not only the techniques of regression but also how this empirical tool can be applied in creative ways to consider a broad array of topics. New to the Second Edition Offers greater coverage of simple panel-data estimation:

  3. Electrical safety guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The Electrical Safety Guidelines prescribes the DOE safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety standards and guidance for DOE installations in order to affect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of these guidelines are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  4. New aspects from legislation, guidelines and safety standards for MRI; Neues aus Gesetzen, Richtlinien und Sicherheitsstandards fuer die MRT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muehlenweg, M. [Krankenhaus Martha-Maria Halle-Doelau, Institut fuer Radiologie, Halle (Saale) (Germany); Schaefers, G. [MR:comp GmbH, Gelsenkirchen (Germany); Trattnig, S. [Exzellenzzentrum Hochfeld-Magnetresonanz, Medizinische Universitaet Wien, Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria)

    2015-08-15

    Many aspects of magnetic resonance (MR) operation are not directly regulated by law but in standards, guidelines and the operating instructions of the MR scanner. The mandatory contents of the operating instructions are regulated in a central standard of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 60601-2-33. In this standard, the application of static magnetic fields in MRI up to 8 Tesla (T) in the clinical routine (first level controlled mode) has recently been approved. Furthermore, the equally necessary CE certification of ultra-high field scanners (7-8 T) in Europe is expected for future devices. The existing installations will not be automatically certified but will retain their experimental status. The current extension of IEC 60601-2-33 introduces a new add-on option, the so-called fixed parameter option (FPO). This option might also be switched on in addition to the established operating modes and defines a fixed device constellation and certain parameters of the energy output of MR scanners designed to simplify the testing of patients with implants in the future. The employment of pregnant workers in an MRI environment is still not generally regulated in Europe. In parts of Germany and Austria pregnant and lactating employees were prohibited from working in the MR control zone (0.5 mT) in 2014. This is based on the mostly unresolved question of the applicability of limits for employees (exposure of extremities to static magnetic fields up to 8 T allowed) or the thresholds for the general population (maximum 400 mT). According to the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR), the discarding of breast milk after i.v. administration of gadolinium-based contrast agents in the case of a breastfeeding woman is only recommended when using contrast agents in the nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) high-risk category. (orig.) [German] Viele Belange des MR-Betriebs sind nicht direkt gesetzlich geregelt, sondern in Normen, Richtlinien und der

  5. Biodiesel Basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-07-01

    This fact sheet provides a brief introduction to biodiesel, including a discussion of biodiesel blends and specifications. It also covers how biodiesel compares to diesel fuel in terms of performance (including in cold weather) and whether there are adverse effects on engines or other systems. Finally, it discusses biodiesel fuel quality and standards, and compares biodiesel emissions to those of diesel fuel.

  6. The Basic Strategy and Path Selection of the Standardized Management of State Treasury and Accounting%国库会计规范化管理的基本策略与路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗万金

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the meaning of implementing the standardized management of state treasury and accounting, the paper an-alyzes the current situation of the standardized management of the grassroots state treasury and accounting, puts forward basic ideas and specific measures of standardized management of the state treasury and accounting such as establishing standardized system and setting up the new management platform, training staff to improve the ability of achieving goals, and implementing target management and strengthening the process control etc.%本文从实施国库会计规范化管理的意义入手,分析了基层国库会计规范化管理的现状,提出了建立标准化体系,搭建新的管理平台;开展人员培训,提高实现目标的能力;推行目标管理,强化过程控制等实现国库会计规范化管理的基本思路和具体措施。

  7. Standard Practice for Aerospace Cleanrooms and Associated Controlled Environments-Cleanroom Operations

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2004-01-01

    1.1 This practice specifies basic requirements, procedures, and practices for operating aerospace cleanrooms and controlled environments and precautions associated with the facility and equipment used. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  8. UMTRA Project environmental, health, and safety plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-02-01

    The basic health and safety requirements established in this plan are designed to provide guidelines to be applied at all Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites. Specific restrictions are given where necessary. However, an attempt has been made to provide guidelines which are generic in nature, and will allow for evaluation of site-specific conditions. Health and safety personnel are expected to exercise professional judgment when interpreting these guidelines to ensure the health and safety of project personnel and the general population. This UMTRA Project Environmental, Health, and Safety (EH S) Plan specifies the basic Federal health and safety standards and special DOE requirements applicable to this program. In addition, responsibilities in carrying out this plan are delineated. Some guidance on program requirements and radiation control and monitoring is also included. An Environmental, Health, and Safety Plan shall be developed as part of the remedial action plan for each mill site and associated disposal site. Special conditions at the site which may present potential health hazards will be described, and special areas that should should be addressed by the Remedial Action Contractor (RAC) will be indicated. Site-specific EH S concerns will be addressed by special contract conditions in RAC subcontracts. 2 tabs.

  9. Software Safety Risk in Legacy Safety-Critical Computer Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Janice L.; Baggs, Rhoda

    2007-01-01

    Safety Standards contain technical and process-oriented safety requirements. Technical requirements are those such as "must work" and "must not work" functions in the system. Process-Oriented requirements are software engineering and safety management process requirements. Address the system perspective and some cover just software in the system > NASA-STD-8719.13B Software Safety Standard is the current standard of interest. NASA programs/projects will have their own set of safety requirements derived from the standard. Safety Cases: a) Documented demonstration that a system complies with the specified safety requirements. b) Evidence is gathered on the integrity of the system and put forward as an argued case. [Gardener (ed.)] c) Problems occur when trying to meet safety standards, and thus make retrospective safety cases, in legacy safety-critical computer systems.

  10. 77 FR 48506 - CPSC Safety Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... COMMISSION CPSC Safety Academy AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Safety Academy to discuss current requirements, including testing and certification of children's products, the mandatory toy standard, and compliance issues. The CPSC Safety Academy will be held...

  11. Basic algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    2009-01-01

    A classic text and standard reference for a generation, this volume and its companion are the work of an expert algebraist who taught at Yale for two decades. Nathan Jacobson's books possess a conceptual and theoretical orientation, and in addition to their value as classroom texts, they serve as valuable references.Volume I explores all of the topics typically covered in undergraduate courses, including the rudiments of set theory, group theory, rings, modules, Galois theory, polynomials, linear algebra, and associative algebra. Its comprehensive treatment extends to such rigorous topics as L

  12. Women versus men with chronic atrial fibrillation: insights from the Standard versus Atrial Fibrillation spEcific managemenT studY (SAFETY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocasta Ball

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Gender-based clinical differences are increasingly being identified as having significant influence on the outcomes of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD, including atrial fibrillation (AF. OBJECTIVE: To perform detailed clinical phenotyping on a cohort of hospitalised patients with chronic forms of AF to understand if gender-based differences exist in the clinical presentation, thrombo-embolic risk and therapeutic management of high risk patients hospitalised with chronic AF. METHODS: We are undertaking the Standard versus Atrial Fibrillation spEcific managemenT studY (SAFETY - a multi-centre, randomised controlled trial of an AF-specific management intervention versus usual care. Extensive baseline profiling of recruited patients was undertaken to identify gender-specific differences for risk delineation. RESULTS: We screened 2,438 patients with AF and recruited 335 into SAFETY. Of these, 48.1% were women who were, on average, 5 years older than their male counterparts. Women and men displayed divergent antecedent profiles, with women having a higher thrombo-embolic risk but being prescribed similar treatment regimens. More women than men presented to hospital with co-morbid thyroid dysfunction, depression, renal impairment and obesity. In contrast, more men presented with coronary artery disease (CAD and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Even when data was age-adjusted, women were more likely to live alone (odds ratio [OR] 2.33; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47 to 3.69, have non-tertiary education (OR 2.69; 95% CI 1.61 to 4.48 and be symptomatic (OR 1.93; 95% CI 1.06 to 3.52. CONCLUSION: Health care providers should be cognisant of gender-specific differences in an attempt to individualise and, hence, optimise the management of patients with chronic AF and reduce potential morbidity and mortality.

  13. ERT basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butters, M. [MBC Energy and Environment, Ottawa, ON (Canada)]|[National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    ERT is an economic instrument which helps power companies achieve emission reduction compliance cost-effectively. This paper presents the basics of ERT with reference to trading concepts, types of systems and types of emissions. The paper also describes the state of the Canadian energy market regarding greenhouse gases (GHG), nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide and volatile organic compounds. The association between ERT and district energy is also explained. By 2010, the global market for GHG trading is expected to be worth $10 billion to $3 trillion U.S. Canada has committed to reducing its GHG to 6 per cent below 1990 levels by 2012, but currently emits 705 Mt per year. This is expected to increase to 770 Mt by 2010. Therefore, in order to meet its commitment, GHGs will have to be reduced 200 Mt per year. Canada is currently considering ratifying the Kyoto agreement and a trading system is being developed. There are several abatement technologies currently under consideration for district energy systems, including adding scrubbers, improving efficiency, and fuel switching. The marginal cost of abatement was also discussed. tabs., figs.

  14. Progress and goals for INMM ASC N15 consensus standard ""Administrative practices for the determination and reporting of results of non-destructive assay measurements of nuclear material in situ for safeguards nuclear criticality safety and other purposes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bracken, David S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lamb, Frank W [UNWIN CORPORATION

    2009-01-01

    This paper will discuss the goals and progress to date on the development of INMM Accredited Standard Committee (ASC) N15 consensus standard Administrative Practices for the Determination and Reporting of Results of Non-Destructive Assay Measurements of Nuclear Material in situ for Safeguards, Nuclear Criticality Safety, and Other Purposes. This standard will define administrative practices in the areas of data generation and reporting of NDA assay of holdup deposits with consideration of the stakeholders of the reported results. These stakeholders may include nuclear material accounting and safeguards, nuclear criticality safety, waste management, health physics, facility characterization, authorization basis, radiation safety, and site licensing authorities. Stakeholder input will be solicited from interested parties and incorporated during the development of the document. Currently only one consensus standard exists that explicitly deals with NDA holdup measurements: ASTM C1455 Standard Test Method for Nondestructive Assay of Special Nuclear Material Holdup Using Gamma-Ray Spectroscopic Methods. The ASTM International standard emphasizes the activities involved in actually making measurements, and was developed by safeguards and NDA experts. This new INMM ASC N15 standard will complement the existing ASTM international standard. One of the largest driving factors for writing this new standard was the recent emphasis on in situ NDA measurements by the safeguards community due to the Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board (DNFSB) recommendation 2007-1 on in situ NDA measurements. Specifically, DNFSB recommendation 2007-1 referenced the lack of programmatic requirements for accurate in situ measurements and the use of measurement results for compliance with safety based requirements. That being the case, this paper will also discuss the progress made on the Implementation Plan for Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2007-1 Safety-Related In Situ

  15. The basic anaesthesia machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurudatt, Cl

    2013-09-01

    After WTG Morton's first public demonstration in 1846 of use of ether as an anaesthetic agent, for many years anaesthesiologists did not require a machine to deliver anaesthesia to the patients. After the introduction of oxygen and nitrous oxide in the form of compressed gases in cylinders, there was a necessity for mounting these cylinders on a metal frame. This stimulated many people to attempt to construct the anaesthesia machine. HEG Boyle in the year 1917 modified the Gwathmey's machine and this became popular as Boyle anaesthesia machine. Though a lot of changes have been made for the original Boyle machine still the basic structure remains the same. All the subsequent changes which have been brought are mainly to improve the safety of the patients. Knowing the details of the basic machine will make the trainee to understand the additional improvements. It is also important for every practicing anaesthesiologist to have a thorough knowledge of the basic anaesthesia machine for safe conduct of anaesthesia.

  16. Safety first!

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Among the many duties I assumed at the beginning of the year was the ultimate responsibility for Safety at CERN: the responsibility for the physical safety of the personnel, the responsibility for the safe operation of the facilities, and the responsibility to ensure that CERN acts in accordance with the highest standards of radiation and environmental protection.   The Safety Policy document drawn up in September 2014 is an excellent basis for the implementation of Safety in all areas of CERN’s work. I am happy to commit during my mandate to help meet its objectives, not least by ensuring the Organization makes available the necessary means to achieve its Safety objectives. One of the main objectives of the HSE (Occupational Health and Safety and Environmental Protection) unit in the coming months is to enhance the measures to minimise CERN’s impact on the environment. I believe CERN should become a role model for an environmentally-aware scientific research laboratory. Risk ...

  17. HANFORD SAFETY ANALYSIS & RISK ASSESSMENT HANDBOOK (SARAH)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    EVANS, C B

    2004-12-21

    The purpose of the Hanford Safety Analysis and Risk Assessment Handbook (SARAH) is to support the development of safety basis documentation for Hazard Category 2 and 3 (HC-2 and 3) U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities to meet the requirements of 10 CFR 830, ''Nuclear Safety Management''. Subpart B, ''Safety Basis Requirements.'' Consistent with DOE-STD-3009-94, Change Notice 2, ''Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses'' (STD-3009), and DOE-STD-3011-2002, ''Guidance for Preparation of Basis for Interim Operation (BIO) Documents'' (STD-3011), the Hanford SARAH describes methodology for performing a safety analysis leading to development of a Documented Safety Analysis (DSA) and derivation of Technical Safety Requirements (TSR), and provides the information necessary to ensure a consistently rigorous approach that meets DOE expectations. The DSA and TSR documents, together with the DOE-issued Safety Evaluation Report (SER), are the basic components of facility safety basis documentation. For HC-2 or 3 nuclear facilities in long-term surveillance and maintenance (S&M), for decommissioning activities, where source term has been eliminated to the point that only low-level, residual fixed contamination is present, or for environmental remediation activities outside of a facility structure, DOE-STD-1120-98, ''Integration of Environment, Safety, and Health into Facility Disposition Activities'' (STD-1120), may serve as the basis for the DSA. HC-2 and 3 environmental remediation sites also are subject to the hazard analysis methodologies of this standard.

  18. Elements of nuclear safety

    CERN Document Server

    Libmann, Jacques

    1996-01-01

    This basically educational book is intended for all involved in nuclear facility safety. It dissects the principles and experiences conducive to the adoption of attitudes compliant with what is now known as "safety culture". This book is accessible to a wide range of readers.

  19. [New aspects of safety assessment and food contamination with antibiotics of tetracycline group in the light of harmonization of hygienic standards in Russia and Customs Union with the international standards].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G; Sheveleva, S A; Khotimchenko, S A

    2012-01-01

    To address the issue of harmonization of Russian MRLs for tetracycline in food and on the basis of the tasks of preserving the value of hygienic standard for the more restrictive level than similar standards of the Codex Alimentarius Commission in this survey we analyzed the evidences of the negative effects of subingibitory amounts of these antibiotics (lying below the MIC for clinically relevant microorganisms). The inadequacy of the microbiological JECFA ADI and the necessity of using of methodology of analyzing the effects of biological active substances in small doses for assessing the risk of food contamination of tetracycline subingibitory concentrations were demonstrated. Current scientific information on the functions of antibiotics as signaling molecules in the microbial world and the role of tetracycline as a leading factor in the regulation of transcription in microorganisms and activation of the horizontal transfer of resistance genes transferred to the family of conjugative transposons Tn916-Tn1545 also was reviewed in paper. Evidence-based data regarding the basic contribution of subingibitory concentrations of tetracycline in the spread of worst transmissible type of antibiotic resistance and the formation of new pathogens, associated with it, are represented. To reduce the risk of direct adverse effects on microbial ecosystem in the human body and its habitat, and to minimize the indirect risk of new infections, the necessity of saving the current Russian level residues of tetracycline (< or = 0.01 mg/kg of product), which is low by contrast to the Codex MRLs (< or = 0.1-1.2 mg/kg), was proved. Tetracycline concentrations in food, regulated in Russian Federation, below 0.1 MIC for clinically significant microorganisms which aren't capable to initiation of the above described negative changes.

  20. 地下金属矿山安全标准化系统信息平台的构建与应用%Construction and application of the information platform based on safety standardization system for the underground metal mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史秀志; 保瑞; 张舒; 赵艳艳

    2011-01-01

    以金属非金属地下矿山安全标准化系统的管理思想为理论指导和主要目标,按照安全标准化14个要素的运行要求,构建地下矿山安全标准化系统信息平台,对安全标准化的具体建设内容进行相应的信息化管理.针对地下矿山的特点,开发采场安全管理和尾矿库安全管理2个特色模块.结合矿山企业的实际需求,将信息平台划分为工作管理、图形统计、报表分析、公共事务和系统管理等5个模块,并详细探讨各模块所实现的功能.信息平台的应用保障了地下矿山安全标准化系统的有效实施与运行.%This paper intends to introduce our work ou the eonstruction and application of the information platform based on safety standardization system for the underground metal mine. As is known, it is of primary importance to set up the safety standard system to ensure effective manngemeot and implementation. For the above said research purpose, it is necessary to take the management thought of safety standardization system as the theoretical guidance and essential target. Keeping such basic starting points in mind, we have taken 14 key elements of mining safety standardization when we try to bring forward our suggestions in setting up the information platform of mining safety standardization system. The said information system has been put on the basis of the mixed construction of B/S and C/S. To be exact, the information publishing platform is laid out with a B/S mode, whereas the other parts are designed with C/S mode, which is intended to combine the merits of the two modes. According to the particular features of underground mining production, it is necessary to add up the safety management modules on the stopes and tailings reservoir. Managers engaged in mining control should be able to monitor and manage the key hazard sources in real-time. With the actual demand of mining enterprises in mind, we have thoroughly studied the function modules

  1. 28 CFR 51.52 - Basic standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... has the purpose or will have the effect of denying or abridging the right to vote on account of race... change if the Attorney General is unable to determine that the change is free of discriminatory purpose... change is conflicting and the Attorney General is unable to determine that the change is free...

  2. 7 CFR 1427.1082 - Basic standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... experience, organization, technical qualifications, and skills in the warehousing business regarding the... entity engaged in the business of storing or handling for hire, or both, the applicable commodity. The warehouseman, if a corporation, shall be authorized by its charter to engage in such business, (2) Have...

  3. 食品安全标准的贸易效应分析--以中国农产品出口为例%Trade Effect of Food Safety Standards---Take China's Agricultural Products Export as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊芳; 武拉平

    2014-01-01

    Food safety standards have been the main obstacle of China's agricultural products export. Gravity model and panel data were applied to proof the influence of food safety standards on China's agricultural products export in this paper. The results showed that, food safety standards could contain trade in the short term and support trade in the long term. Hence, it is necessary to understand the potential effect of the food safety standards on China's agricultural products export. We need expand the market that food safety standards was looser and diversify export markets in the short term, and in the long term improve the quality of the products constantly.%食品安全标准已经成为中国农产品出口的主要障碍。运用扩展引力模型,使用面板数据分析了食品安全标准对中国农产品出口的影响。结果表明,短期内,食品安全标准抑制贸易,长期内则促进贸易。因此,应充分理解食品安全标准对中国农产品出口的潜在影响,短期内可开拓食品安全标准较宽松的市场,使出口市场多元化;长期内需要不断提高产品的质量水平。

  4. Generic safety documentation model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahn, J.A.

    1994-04-01

    This document is intended to be a resource for preparers of safety documentation for Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico facilities. It provides standardized discussions of some topics that are generic to most, if not all, Sandia/NM facilities safety documents. The material provides a ``core`` upon which to develop facility-specific safety documentation. The use of the information in this document will reduce the cost of safety document preparation and improve consistency of information.

  5. DOE handbook electrical safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    Electrical Safety Handbook presents the Department of Energy (DOE) safety standards for DOE field offices or facilities involved in the use of electrical energy. It has been prepared to provide a uniform set of electrical safety guidance and information for DOE installations to effect a reduction or elimination of risks associated with the use of electrical energy. The objectives of this handbook are to enhance electrical safety awareness and mitigate electrical hazards to employees, the public, and the environment.

  6. Research on application of reliability and validity in meta-evaluation of work safety standardization%信效度在安全生产标准化元评估中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏荃; 张耀庭; 秦言杰

    2015-01-01

    The accreditation of work safety standardization is a process to make value judgments about work safety standardization in enterprise through collecting and analyzing the information systematically based on certain ac-creditation objectives and standards of work safety standardization.In order to evaluate scientifically the deviation of accreditation and unify the accreditation scale, based on the reliability and validity theory, it was put forward that when the meta-evaluation of work safety standardization is carried out by the accrediting agency and accrediting or-ganization agency, the reliability of assessor and criterion related validity are proposed to investigate the reliabil-ity and validity for the accreditation of work safety standardization.Taking the accreditation of work safety stan-dardiza-tion on hazardous chemicals enterprises as example, the realization method of reliability and validity on the meta-e-valuation of work safety standardization was discussed from the aspects of selection of analytical method, calculation and acceptability of reliability and validity.The results showed that it can provide the basis for the ob-jective evalu-ation on the accreditation result of work safety standardization through analyzing the advantages and disadvantages in accreditation of work safety standardization by the reliability and validity method.%安全生产标准化评审是根据一定的安全生产标准化评审目标和标准,通过系统地收集信息和科学分析,对企业安全生产标准化工作做出价值判断的过程。为了科学评估评审偏差和统一评审尺度,基于信效度理论,提出在评审单位和评审组织单位进行安全生产标准化元评估时,应用评审者信度和效标关联效度,研究安全生产标准化评审的可靠程度和有效程度;并以危险化学品从业单位安全生产标准化评审为例,从信效度的分析方法选择、信效度的计算和信效度的可接受

  7. 76 FR 75782 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... is revising its Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a reference to a standard... and Explanation of Revisions to the Acetylene Standard IV. Procedural Determinations A....

  8. 非煤矿山安全标准化与风险管理的关系%The Relationship between the Non-coal Mine Safety Standardization and Risk Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭海洋; 王少宇; 姜福川

    2014-01-01

    通过近几年全国非煤矿山事故死亡人数统计表,简要的分析了事故原因。实施安全标准化能够提高非煤矿山企业安全管理和本质安全水平,降低非煤矿山的安全事故发生率。本文在介绍标准化体系组成和主要内容的基础上,分析《金属非金属矿山安全标准化规范》的核心思想和理论基础-风险管理。%Based on the national non-coal mine accident fatalities statistics in recent years, we briefly analyzes the cause of the accident. Implementation of Safety Standardization to improve safety management and essential safety level in non-coal mines enterprises, reduce the accident rates in non-coal mines. Based on introduces the composition and main content of standardization system, we analyzes the core ideology and theoretical basis of Metal and Nonmetal Mines Safety Standardization Norms:risk management.

  9. QUALITY - SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY - HEALTH AND SAFETY INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AUDIT ACCORDING TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF ISO9001:2008, SA 8000:2008, OHSAS 18001:2007 AND ISO 19011:2011 STANDARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina TUDOR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present a method of perfecting the audit of the social requirements of the quality social accountability-health and safety integrated management system with the social requirements of BusinessSocial Compliance Initiative (BSCI and Supplier Ethical Data Exchange (SEDEX. The method used was tosupplement the social requirement of SA 8000:2008 standard with the additional requirements of BSCI and SEDEX.The results are based on a correspondence between the requirements of SA 8000:2008 standard and therequirements of BSCI and SEDEX codes of conducts, because some of BSCI and SEDEX requirements are moredetailed than SA 8000:2008 standard requirements which are the base for the implementation of socialrequirements of the quality-social accountability-health and safety integrated management system. A check list waselaborated with the integrated social requirements of SA 8000:2008, BSCI and SEDEX. The check list is related tochild labour, forced and compulsory labour, health and safety, freedom of association & right to collective bargaining, discrimination, disciplinary practices, working hours, remuneration and management system. Theconclusion of the paper is that the elaborated check list allows the quality-social accountability-health and safety integrated management system audit to match to the requirements of BSCI and SEDEX.

  10. Comparison of intraclass correlation coefficient estimates and standard errors between using cross-sectional and repeated measurement data: the Safety Check cluster randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, Edward H; Wasserman, Richard; Barkin, Shari

    2011-03-01

    Designing cluster randomized trials in clinical studies often requires accurate estimates of intraclass correlation, which quantifies the strength of correlation between units, such as participants, within a cluster, such as a practice. Published ICC estimates, even when available, often suffer from the problem of wide confidence intervals. Using data from a national, randomized, controlled study concerning violence prevention for children--the Safety Check--we compare the ICC values derived from two approaches only baseline data and using both baseline and follow-up data. Using a variance component decomposition approach, the latter method allows flexibility in handling complex data sets. For example, it allows for shifts in the outcome variable over time and for an unbalanced cluster design. Furthermore, we evaluate the large-sample formula for ICC estimates and standard errors using the bootstrap method. Our findings suggest that ICC estimates range from 0.012 to 0.11 for providers within practice and range from 0.018 to 0.11 for families within provider. The estimates derived from the baseline-only and repeated-measurements approaches agree quite well except in cases in which variation over repeated measurements is large. The reductions in the widths of ICC confidence limits from using repeated measurement over baseline only are, respectively, 62% and 42% at the practice and provider levels. The contribution of this paper therefore includes two elements, which are a methodology for improving the accuracy of ICC, and the reporting of such quantities for pediatric and other researchers who are interested in designing clustered randomized trials similar to the current study.

  11. Patient Safety Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Solvejg

    Patient safety is highly prioritised in the Danish health care system, never the less, patients are still exposed to risk and harmed every day. Implementation of a patient safety culture has been suggested an effective mean to protect patients against adverse events. Working strategically...... with assessment and development of the patient safety culture is in early days in Denmark. It depends upon valid, reliable and effective methods. The patient safety culture represents a wide range of social phenomena permeating the way of life in a health care. In essence, the safety culture is an aggregation...... of health care professional’s behaviour, habits, norms, values, and basic assumptions related to patient care; it is the way things are done. The patient safety culture guides the motivation, commitment to and know-how of the safety management, and how all members of a work place interact. This thesis...

  12. Effect Survey of Safety Culture Education Training for Nursing Interns Based on JCI Standards%基于JCI标准的护理实习生安全文化教育培训的效果调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白煜峡; 张辉; 张青

    2016-01-01

    The relevant training of hospital safety and adverse events for 173 nursing interns in an Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University and score comparison before and after the Patient Safety Culture Knowledge training obtained by the survey scale show that the safety culture education training plays a major role in the patient safety management in the hospital, which can standardize the safety behavior of people and organize and coordinate the safety management. At the same time, it can comb and upgrade the existing hospital safety training system and put forwards feasible suggestions of es-tablishing a better hospital safety culture environment.%对新疆医科大学一附院173名护理实习生进行院内安全及不良事件的相关培训,通过调查量表获得患者安全文化知识培训前后的得分对比,结果显示安全文化教育培训在医院内部患者安全管理有重要作用,能够规范人的安全行为、组织协调安全管理。同时对已有医院安全培训体系进行梳理与升级,为建设更优良的医院安全文化环境提出可实行建议。

  13. 民用爆炸物品安全生产可接受风险研究%Research on Acceptable Risk Standards of Civil Explosives Safety Production Risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘治兵; 吴洁红; 秦广艺

    2015-01-01

    可接受风险标准是民用爆炸物品安全生产风险评价的评判准则。WJ9048—2010《民用爆炸物品行业安全评价导则》基于事故发生周期,划分了民爆行业和企业事故概率等级,并将企业事故概率作为风险评价的可接受风险标准,该准则仅适用于现场作业人员。基于公众视角,界定可接受风险标准是民用爆炸物品安全生产风险评价的关键组成部分。总结了国内外安全生产可接受风险标准研究现状,介绍了安全生产可接受风险确定准则和计算方法,结合国内民爆安全生产形势、危险场所区域分布和风险评价特点,在参考国内外事故死亡率和可接受风险标准的基础上,建议了民用爆炸物品安全生产风险评价的个人和社会可接受风险标准。%The acceptable risk standard was the evaluation criteria of civil explosives production risk evaluation. The WJ9048-2010 "Guidelines for Safety Assessment of Civil Explosives Materials" put forward the explosive indus-try and enterprise accident probability level on the basis of the accident period. The accident probability was consid-ered as the acceptable risk assessment criteria only applied in the field operation personnel. The definition of accepta-ble risk standard was the key part of civil explosives safety risk assessment. Based on the research status of accepta-ble risk standards of production safety at home and abroad,the acceptable risk standards and calculation methods of production safety was also introduced and the personal and social acceptable risk standard of civil explosives safety production was proposed. Combined with domestic civil explosive situation of production safety,regional distribution of dangerous places and risk assessment features,the acceptable risk standard of other accidents was put forward.

  14. Light water reactor safety

    CERN Document Server

    Pershagen, B

    2013-01-01

    This book describes the principles and practices of reactor safety as applied to the design, regulation and operation of light water reactors, combining a historical approach with an up-to-date account of the safety, technology and operating experience of both pressurized water reactors and boiling water reactors. The introductory chapters set out the basic facts upon which the safety of light water reactors depend. The central section is devoted to the methods and results of safety analysis. The accidents at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl are reviewed and their implications for light wate

  15. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Study of safety of laser and light emitting diodes (LED) for human body; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Laser, oyobi hakko diode (LED) ni taisuru jintai eno anzensei no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    LD and LED are used in a wide range from telecommunication systems to residential/commercial equipment. Optical semiconductor devices existing in the domain between LD and LED are also being commercialized. In the field of this project, there are a lot of contradictions about the international standards. For the purpose of promoting the common understanding of standards and improving the consistency, the paper examined mainly safety, principles of motion and various applications of laser and LED, and developed international standards for the output measuring method. At the same time, the paper systematically studied the biological safety, determined regulatory values which were backed up as safety standards, and proposed/worked out a draft for new international standardization for safety of LED. Further, by the definition of laser in general, standards related to a lot of TCs among ISO and IEC standards were harmonized for the common understanding on the basis of a common idea. 40 refs., 163 figs., 6 tabs.

  16. Ultrasound: Basic understanding and learning the language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihnatsenka Barys

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ultrasound (US use has rapidly entered the field of acute pain medicine and regional anesthesia and interventional pain medicine over the last decade, and it may even become the standard of practice. The advantages of US guidance over conventional techniques include the ability to both view the targeted structure and visualize, in real time, the distribution of the injected medication, and the capacity to control its distribution by readjusting the needle position, if needed. US guidance should plausibly improve the success rate of the procedures, their safety and speed. This article provides basic information on musculoskeletal US techniques, with an emphasis on the principles and practical aspects. We stress that for the best use of US, one should venture beyond the "pattern recognition" mode to the more advanced systematic approach and use US as a tool to visualize structures beyond the skin (sonoanatomy mode. We discuss the sonographic appearance of different tissues, introduce the reader to commonly used US-related terminology, cover basic machine "knobology" and fundamentals of US probe selection and manipulation. At the end, we discuss US-guided needle advancement. We only briefly touch on topics dealing with physics, artifacts, or sonopathology, which are available elsewhere in the medical literature.

  17. Analysis of the EU Woodworking Machines Safety Standard EN 691-1:2012%解析欧盟木工机械安全标准EN 691-1:2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海强; 路东琪

    2013-01-01

      对欧盟最新的木工机械安全标准EN 691-1:2012进行了分析,旨在通过对相关安全标准条款的解读及应用来应对国外贸易技术壁垒,以促进我国木工机械行业的发展。%  The latest EU Woodworking Machinery Safety Standard EN 691-1:2012 is analyzed, with the aim to cope with foreign technical barriers to trade through the interpretation and application of relevant clauses of the safety standard to promote the development of China’s woodworking machinery industry.

  18. 十二年國民基本教育的入學考試與評量變革 Standards-Based Assessments for 12-Year Basic Education in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    宋曜廷 Yao-Ting Sung

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available 十二年國民基本教育已正式啟動,入學考試和班級評量的變革,是影響十二年國民基本教育成敗的關鍵之一,如何達成所提出的願景,格外引人關注。以標準為本位的評量為近年來的教育評量改革趨勢,許多先進國家已將標準本位評量分別應用在教育會考與班級評量,以達到學力監控、提升教師教學與評量專業,並促進學生學習成果的目標。本研究介紹標準本位評量之意涵,並以國中教育會考與國民中學學生學習成就評量標準為例,說明標準本位評量如何為實施十二年國民基本教育創造有利環境,進而達成多元學習、確保學力、舒緩升學壓力、活化教學等目標。 Taiwan officially implemented 12-Year Basic Education. Entrance examinations and classroom assessments are one of the keys to the success of this new program. Because thousands of Taiwanese children will be affected, how to help the program succeed deserves scrutiny. In recent years, many developed nations have used standards-based assessment to enhance their educational programs. Standards-based assessment, therefore, could potentially be advantageous for Taiwan as well. In this study, the implications of broadly applying standards-based assessment were investigated by exploring its effect on knowledge diversity, scholastic ability, and academic pressure among junior high school students.

  19. Safety survives privatisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunnigham, P. [Health and Safety Executive, Sheffield (United Kingdom)

    1995-01-01

    The privatisation of British Coal will have no effect on safety standards in the industry since the new companies will still be governed by the same safety regulations. The Health and Safety Executive does not just inspect, it relies also on information exchange, in the surface mining sector particularly through the quarries National Interest Group, since good health and safety working practices save money. Future trends include compliance with the European Community directives on health and safety, although much of this is covered already. 3 figs.

  20. Electromagneticai Safety and Limited Standard of Magnetic Resonance Imaging%磁共振成像的电磁安全与限值标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冀倩倩; 包家立; 李宇波; 朱朝阳

    2012-01-01

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) , comprising of static magnetic fields, radio-frequency (RF) ' fields and time-varying gradient magnetic fields, is a diagnostic technique that a physical-effect is being transformed an image information for human after the immigrated electromagnetic energy imports ones. The electro magnetic fields may possibly have some risks for human health, such as nerve stimulation of gradient fields and thermal-effects of RF fields. During recently decades, FDA of USA has given a safety alert of MRI related death of patients with aneurysm clip, a public health notification of MRI-caused injuries in patients with implanted neurological stimulators and an advisory of risk of burns during MRI scans from transdermal drug patches with metallic backings. Nevertheless, MRI can be safe under a limited intensity electromagnetic fields. This review reports the bio-effects and health risk associated with three fields and some national and international standards about the limited electromagnetic fields in MRI.%磁共振成像(MRI)是一种将外源电磁能量输入人体后产生物理效应并转换为医学图像信息的技术,包括静磁场、射频场、梯度场共3种电磁场.这3种电磁场均对生物体产生效应,并且在足够的强度下会对人体产生健康危险,如梯度场的神经刺激、射频场(RF)的热效应等电磁危险性.近10年来,美国食品药品监督管理局(FDA)发出MRI检查导致带动脉夹患者死亡的警告、MRI对带植入性神经刺激器患者伤害的通告、MRI对带金属背衬经皮给药帖片患者带来灼伤的通告.然而,当电磁场强度被限制在一定范围内时,MRI仍然是安全的.分析这3种电磁场主要的生物效应和健康危险,讨论国内外有关MRI电磁安全的限值标准.

  1. Ports and Waterways Safety Assessment Workshop Report for Aleutian Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-25

    Code and Standards for Training, Certification and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) • Enforcement of regulations by USCG • Pressure put on owners by insurance...discussed Existing Mitigations: • STCW compliance • OPA 90 compliance • Little to no communication / language problems, majority of operators are...Require mandatory inspections of commercial fishing vessels >26 feet (8) • Encourage voluntary STCW Basic Safety Training classes (7) • Require crew

  2. 中国与欧美木工机械通用安全标准差异分析%Analysis of the Differences between Chinese and European and US General Safety Standards for Woodworking Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褥铜; 张海强

    2014-01-01

    Chinese safety standards for woodworking machinery and the latest European and US relevant general safety standards are analyzed to find out the difference between China’s GB 12557-2010 and EN 691-1:2012& ANSI O1.1-2009 to determine the shortages of Chinese safety standards, which can provide reference for coping with technical barriers involved in international trade and elevating the international competition of China’s woodworking machinery industry.%对我国木工机械安全标准与目前欧美最新相关安全通用标准进行比较分析,找出我国标准GB 12557-2010与EN 691-1:2012、ANSI O1.1-2009之间存在的差异与不足,为应对国际间贸易技术壁垒,提升我国木工机械行业国际竞争力提供参考。

  3. Overview of Food Safety Laws & Regulations and Standards System in South Africa%南非食品安全法律法规标准体系概览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马兰; 胡坚; 何宏恺; 吴雪原; 朱梦栩

    2013-01-01

    本文介绍了南非食品安全法律法规概况以及食品安全的相关标准化管理情况,主要阐述了南非与食品安全相关的14种法律法规和3种标准,以及这些法律法规和标准的制定、管理、实施机构。对建立与完善我国的食品安全体系具有较强的借鉴作用,对以南非为主要贸易国的进出口食品企业也有一定的参考作用。%This paper briefs laws & regulations and standardization administration related to food safety of South Africa. It focuses on 14 laws & regulations as well as 3 standards of food safety, and the development, management, and implementation organizations of these standards, which is valuable reference to establish and perfect Chinese food safety system, and is useful for import and export food enterprises mainly trading with South Africa.

  4. Reliability and safety engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Verma, Ajit Kumar; Karanki, Durga Rao

    2016-01-01

    Reliability and safety are core issues that must be addressed throughout the life cycle of engineering systems. Reliability and Safety Engineering presents an overview of the basic concepts, together with simple and practical illustrations. The authors present reliability terminology in various engineering fields, viz.,electronics engineering, software engineering, mechanical engineering, structural engineering and power systems engineering. The book describes the latest applications in the area of probabilistic safety assessment, such as technical specification optimization, risk monitoring and risk informed in-service inspection. Reliability and safety studies must, inevitably, deal with uncertainty, so the book includes uncertainty propagation methods: Monte Carlo simulation, fuzzy arithmetic, Dempster-Shafer theory and probability bounds. Reliability and Safety Engineering also highlights advances in system reliability and safety assessment including dynamic system modeling and uncertainty management. Cas...

  5. Stem Cell Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tips Info Center Research Topics Federal Policy Glossary Stem Cell Information General Information Clinical Trials Funding Information Current ... Basics » Stem Cell Basics I. Back to top Stem Cell Basics I. Introduction: What are stem cells, and ...

  6. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Donate Experts \\ The Basics of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Topics Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 Spinal ... Injury 101 The Basics of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation The Basics of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Preventing ...

  7. THE FOLLOW-UP EVALUATION OF NATIONAL FOOD SAFETY STANDARD INFANT FORMULA%食品安全国家标准《婴儿配方食品》跟踪评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩军花; 李湖中; 王素芳; 周群霞; 高小蔷

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解我国监管部门、检验单位、生产企业对强制性食品安全国家标准《婴儿配方食品》(GB10765-2010)的执行、理解能力和依从性,为将来修订标准储备资料.方法 采用横断面调查法,于2012年6-10月间,通过邮寄、电子邮件、传真以及会议或标准培训现场发放问卷等形式开展调查.调查对象选取婴儿配方食品主产区(黑龙江、河北、浙江、江苏、广东、北京、上海、内蒙古、山西等)的监管部门、检验部门、生产企业,调查内容有:基本情况、对标准条款的理解、各指标的检测能力和标准的执行情况,标准执行过程中遇到的主要问题、修改意见和建议. 结果 对监管部门、检验单位、生产企业发放的问卷分别为181、98、82份,有效问卷回收率分别为:94.5%、98.0%、86.6%.不同部门均认为该标准的整体合理程度较高(88.9%,82.3%,81.7%),大型、外资企业和从事食品监管和检验工作时间较长以及标准使用频率较高、积极参加各项培训活动的人员反馈的问题较多,反馈意见相对集中在标准中的必需营养素、真菌毒素、污染物限量等内容. 结论 跟踪调查表明,本标准整体合理程度较高,但部分指标需要根据新的风险评估结果及时更新.建议加大对监管部门、中小企业的标准培训力度和深度,发挥媒体在标准宣贯中的积极作用.%Objective To iuvestigate the capacity,understanding and compliance of staffs from food inspection,detection and enterprise in using National Food Safety Standard GB 10765-2010 ,so as to get more information for revision of the standard in the future.Methods Cross-sectional survey was done between June to October,2012 by mail,E-mail,fax and other forms to get finished questionnaire.The respondents were selected from the staffs from inspection and detection organs and also enterprises in the main producing areas of infant formula

  8. Criteria for roadside safety of motorways and express roads : a proposal for road authorities in the framework of the European research project Safety Standards for Road Design and Redesign SAFESTAR, Workpackage 1.2.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoon, C.C.

    1999-01-01

    To protect occupants of vehicles that leave the road from serious injuries, safe roadsides and medians are important. This report describes the way to make safe roadsides by means of obstacle-free zones, slopes, frangible poles, crash cushions and safety barriers. The research performed here aims to

  9. Cloud computing basics

    CERN Document Server

    Srinivasan, S

    2014-01-01

    Cloud Computing Basics covers the main aspects of this fast moving technology so that both practitioners and students will be able to understand cloud computing. The author highlights the key aspects of this technology that a potential user might want to investigate before deciding to adopt this service. This book explains how cloud services can be used to augment existing services such as storage, backup and recovery. Addressing the details on how cloud security works and what the users must be prepared for when they move their data to the cloud. Also this book discusses how businesses could prepare for compliance with the laws as well as industry standards such as the Payment Card Industry.

  10. 中国食品安全网络舆情的发展趋势及基本特征%Research on Trends and Basic Features of the Food Safety Network Public Opinion in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴林海; 吕煜昕; 洪巍; 林闽钢

    2015-01-01

    We analyzed the trend of food safety network public opinion in China during 2007 -2014 by using the data of network public opinion monitoring platform.Based on content analysis,we then ex-plored behavior characteristics of the main bodies,such as the government,the media and the Internet us-ers,and the object———food safety incidents’risk characteristics of food safety network public opinion in China.The network public opinion of food safety in 2007 -2014 has experienced four stages,but the re-search on the characteristics of main bodies’behavior showed that the environment of food safety network public opinion has not changed;government plays an important role in the exposure of food safety inci-dents,but the Internet users don’t trust them.Research on the object of network public opinion showed that the characteristics of food safety incidents’risk were obvious in 2011 -2014.We also found that meat and its products,dairy products and others are the major food types of food safety incidents;the a-buse of additive or substance are the main reason for food safety incidents in China;food safety incidents mainly occurred in the processing period;large and medium food enterprises are the main responsibility bodies of food safety incidents;provinces in the eastern coastal areas of China,such as Guangdong Prov-ince,Beijing,Jiangsu province,are the main areas of food safety incidents.%利用舆情监测平台的数据分析了2007-2014年间中国食品安全网络舆情的发展趋势,并基于内容分析法探究食品安全网络舆情中政府、媒体、网民等主体的行为特征和食品安全事件等客体的风险特征。2007-2014年间的中国食品安全网络舆情经历了四个阶段,但对网络舆情主体的行为特征的研究表明,食品安全网络舆情环境并没有发生本质的变化;政府在曝光食品安全事件方面发挥着重要作用,但网民对政府的信任程度低。对食品安全网络舆情

  11. Roads to Safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauer, Ezra

    1991-01-01

    Contends that the level of safety built into roads is largely unpremeditated and that roads and highways are not as safe as they might be. Discusses practices, standards, and deficiencies in highway and traffic safety related to geometric design and traffic engineering. Recommends increased transportation engineering professionalism and public…

  12. Improving Food Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The government takes a tougher stance on processors and producers violating food safety standards Awave of recent contaminated food incidents,exemplified by an E.coli outbreak in Germany and the discovery of industrial plasticizers in

  13. National Safety Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Aid ANSI Standards Shop our online store for training eqiupment, books and resources. ... Safety Program up to Par? Compare to other companies using our new benchmarking tool. ​ Early-bird Price ...

  14. Principles of safety pharmacology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugsley, M K; Authier, S; Curtis, M J

    2008-08-01

    Safety Pharmacology is a rapidly developing discipline that uses the basic principles of pharmacology in a regulatory-driven process to generate data to inform risk/benefit assessment. The aim of Safety Pharmacology is to characterize the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic (PK/PD) relationship of a drug's adverse effects using continuously evolving methodology. Unlike toxicology, Safety Pharmacology includes within its remit a regulatory requirement to predict the risk of rare lethal events. This gives Safety Pharmacology its unique character. The key issues for Safety Pharmacology are detection of an adverse effect liability, projection of the data into safety margin calculation and finally clinical safety monitoring. This article sets out to explain the drivers for Safety Pharmacology so that the wider pharmacology community is better placed to understand the discipline. It concludes with a summary of principles that may help inform future resolution of unmet needs (especially establishing model validation for accurate risk assessment). Subsequent articles in this issue of the journal address specific aspects of Safety Pharmacology to explore the issues of model choice, the burden of proof and to highlight areas of intensive activity (such as testing for drug-induced rare event liability, and the challenge of testing the safety of so-called biologics (antibodies, gene therapy and so on.).

  15. 企业建立基于ISO 22000标准的食品安全管理体系的探讨%The Enterprises Establishes Based on the ISO 22000 Standard Food Safety Control System′s Discussion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代雨滨

    2009-01-01

    介绍了ISO 22000标准,分别从明确管理职责、建立前提方案、危害分析等方面入手,阐述了基于ISO 22000标准的食品安全管理体系建立的主要措施,提出了企业食品安全管理体系的控制措施,以期为企业建立有效的食品安全管理体系提供参考.%The Standard ISO 22000 was introduced. The main methods of establishment on food safety control system were expounded based on the ISO 22000 standard through the factors such as definituding management responsibilities,establishing the premise of program and hazard analysis. The control measures on food safety control system were put forward to provide reference for the enterprises to establish effective food safety control system.

  16. 化工企业安全生产标准化“三项达标”建设探讨%Chemical Enterprise Work Safety Standardization “Three Standard” Construction Discussed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东

    2014-01-01

    Chemical enterprises to carry out the construction of work safety standardization,is an important basis for the government to implement safety classification guidance and supervision. It is to carry out the safe production responsi-bility, regulating the behavior of safe production, enhance the level of safety management, effective way and important means to prevent the accident. This paper focuses on the chemical enterprise work safety standardization“three standard”construction?meaning?relationship and ways of implementation and puts forward four suggestions to create work.%化工企业开展安全生产标准化建设,是政府实施安全生产分类指导、分级监管的重要依据,是落实安全生产主体责任、规范安全生产行为、提升安全管理水平,有效防范事故发生的必要途径和重要手段。重点论述化工企业安全生产标准化“三项达标”建设的含义、关系、实施途径并提出4点创建工作建议。

  17. Occupational safety and health in Thailand : a country report for ILO/ADB RETA Project: 5887: strengthening the role of labour standards in selected developing member countries

    OpenAIRE

    Chaikittiporn, Chalermchai

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the organization of occupational safety and health (OSH) at the national level in Thailand and, based on a survey of 23 small and medium size enterprises, examines the situation in manufacturing industries. Outlines a development plan for OSH and the environment and makes recommendations for strengthening OSH, particularly in small and medium size enterprises.

  18. The CE-mark and the new European approach to product law: a system of fundamental legal safety requirements and technical specification standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brack, Antoni

    1999-01-01

    European product law consists of three parts: product liability law, a general product safety regulation and an increasing number of provisions with requirements on product group level. In recent years this third part has been revised in order to speed up the completion of the European single market

  19. Universal Basic Income versus Unemployment Insurance

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we compare the welfare effects of unemployment insurance (UI) with a universal basic income (UBI) system in an economy with idiosyncratic shocks to employment. Both policies provide a safety net in the face of idiosyncratic shocks. While the unemployment insurance program should do a better job at protecting the unemployed, it suffers from moral hazard and substantial monitoring costs, which may threaten its usefulness. The universal basic income, which is simpler to manage and ...

  20. Decree no 2007-1557 from November 2, 2007, relative to basic nuclear facilities and to the nuclear safety control of nuclear materials transport; Decret no 2007-1557 du 2 novembre 2007 relatif aux installations nucleaires de base et au controle, en matiere de surete nucleaire, du transport de substances radioactives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-11-15

    This decree concerns the enforcement of articles 5, 17 and 36 of the law 2006-686 from June 13, 2006, relative to the transparency and safety in the nuclear domain. A consultative commission of basic nuclear facilities is established. The decree presents the general dispositions relative to basic nuclear facilities, the dispositions relative to their creation and operation, to their shutdown and dismantling. It precises the dispositions in the domain of public utility services, administrative procedures and sanctions. It stipulates also the particular dispositions relative to other facilities located in the vicinity of nuclear facilities, relative to the use of pressure systems, and relative to the transport of radioactive materials. (J.S.)

  1. Evaluation of the level of knowledge and compliance with standart precautions and the safety standard (NR-32) amongst physicians from a public university hospital, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La-Rotta, Ehidee Isabel Gómez; Garcia, Clerison Stelvio; Barbosa, Felipe; dos Santos, Amanda Ferreira; Vieira, Gabriela Mazzarolo Marcondes; Carneiro, Mariângela

    2013-09-01

    Brazil is the first country in the world to have broad coverage standard (NR-32) focused on protecting health workers exposed to biological risks. This study evaluated the degree of knowledge of the NR-32 Standard and the level of knowledge and compliance with the standard precautions. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 208 randomly selected health professionals; 93 of them were residents and 115 were physicians at a Brazilian Clinical Hospital. To collect information, the participants were interviewed and/or they completed semi-structured questionnaires divided into three domains: knowledge of the standard, knowledge of biosafety, and compliance with standard precautions. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess internal consistency of the scales of knowledge and compliance with values above +0.75 indicating excellent agreement. Multivariate linear regression was used to evaluate the predictors for compliance with NR-32, biosafety, and standard precautions. Mean knowledge of the NR-32 Standard was 2.2 (± 2.02) points (minimum 0 and maximum 7 points). The minimum expected mean was 5.25 points. The mean knowledge of biosafety was 12.31 (± 2.10) points (minimum 4 and maximum 16 points). The minimum expected mean was 12.75 points. The mean compliance with standard precautions was 12.79 (± 2.6) points (minimum 6 and maximum 18 points). The minimum expected mean was 13.5 points. The individual means for using gloves, masks and goggles during procedures and for not recapping needles were 2.69, 2.27, 1.20 and 2.14, respectively. The factors associated with knowledge of the NR-32 were: greater knowledge amongst those who studied at a public university and who had knowledge of biosafety. The knowledge of the NR-32 Standard was low, but there was a good level of knowledge of biosafety issues. The compliance with standard precautions was acceptable in general, but was low for some of the evaluated precautions.

  2. Agribusiness Safety. Module SH-15. Safety and Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    This student module on agribusiness safety is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. Following the introduction, 11 objectives (each keyed to a page in the text) the student is expected to accomplish are listed (e.g., List at least two reasons for agribusiness safety standards). Then each objective is taught in detail, sometimes…

  3. Frequency standards

    CERN Document Server

    Riehle, Fritz

    2006-01-01

    Of all measurement units, frequency is the one that may be determined with the highest degree of accuracy. It equally allows precise measurements of other physical and technical quantities, whenever they can be measured in terms of frequency.This volume covers the central methods and techniques relevant for frequency standards developed in physics, electronics, quantum electronics, and statistics. After a review of the basic principles, the book looks at the realisation of commonly used components. It then continues with the description and characterisation of important frequency standards

  4. Training safely, Training safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Wu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available It is the basic requirement of maritime safety education to guarantee the safety of teaching operation while training the crew's occupation safety capability. Marine Training Center of Shanghai Maritime University has undertaken the practical teaching of "marine survival" for many years and come up with the whole safety procedures of training. Based on the requirements of SOLAS convention and regulations of STCW over crew training, this paper introduces the safety allocation, utilization and maintenance of teaching equipments. Through the investigation of the safety situation of students' practical operation, the safety teaching method named "four in one" has been put forward, which includes the pre-teaching safety precaution, the whole monitor during the teaching process, the post-teaching summary evaluation, and the reset and standby of teaching facilities. Finally, during the learning and training of "marine survival", crews and students are called on to place priority on personal safety rather than acquisition of knowledge and skills. Only in this way can they be capable of self-protection and protection of others in the career of seafaring.

  5. The problems of labor safety and health protection in construction – EU experiences and standards and legal regulations in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusan Gavanski

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the activities of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work in 2004 a special attention was paid to the field of constructions with an accent on a one-week action “Building in Safety”. The research covered all stages of the construction process from planning to exploitation of a structure. Since in our country the new Low on safety and health at work is about to pass the procedure in the Parliament, and according to the tendency of harmonization of regulations and codes with EU countries, it is considered that it is necessary to carry out a comparative analysis of knowledge in this area in European countries and future legal measures and technical regulations in Serbia consequently. The aim of this paper is contribution to viewing the variety of problems and a unique approach to their solution in the direction of further improvement of sustainable development and humanization of working environment.

  6. Army Basic Skills Provision: Whole Organisation Approach/Lessons Learnt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basic Skills Agency, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Army began working in partnership with the Basic Skills Agency in 2000. This was formalised with the establishment of the Basic Skills Agency's National Support Project for the Army (2001) that contributes to the raising of basic skills standards in the Army by advising on, and assisting with, the development of the Army's basic skills policy…

  7. 5 CFR 551.401 - Basic principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basic principles. 551.401 Section 551.401 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Hours of Work General Provisions § 551.401 Basic principles. (a) All...

  8. 《企业质量诚信管理实施规范》国家标准系列解析(上)--有关标准的基本定位%Series Interpretation of National Standard Implement Specifications for Enterprise Quality Credit Management -- Basic Position of Relevant Standards(part A)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莉

    2014-01-01

    Quality credit system construction is an important component of social credit system. Implementing enterprise quality credit management is the core content of advancing quality credit system construction. By analyzing the basic conception of quality credit and quality credit, discussing the interrelation of quality credit system and social credit system, quality credit management and quality credit system, quality credit management and quality management system, and identifying the basic position of national standards Implement Specifications for Enterprise Quality Credit Management to offer the directional guide for effectively implementing enterprise quality credit management.%质量诚信体系建设是社会信用体系建设的重要组成部分。开展企业质量诚信管理是推进质量诚信体系建设的核心内容。通过分析质量诚信与质量信用的基本概念,探讨质量诚信体系与社会信用体系,质量诚信管理与质量诚信体系,质量诚信管理与质量管理体系的相互关系,明确《企业质量诚信管理实施规范》国家标准的基本定位,为有效开展企业质量诚信管理提供方向指导。

  9. 试论现行财务会计与报表的缺陷及改进--从企业会计准则(基本准则)的缺陷谈起%On the Defects and Improvement of Current Financial Accounting and Reporting---from the defects of the enterprise accounting standards (basic standards)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹苏铁

    2016-01-01

    China's current enterprise accounting standards - Basic Standards in accounting and accounting elements of the division, the statement of accounting measurement, as well as the understanding and use of the accrual basis, all exist obvious defects. This paper analyzes the defects of the above mentioned defects, and puts forward care his own opinion 1. Do not put“sustainable management”set a foundation for enterprise accounting; 2. The profit should not be included in the accounting elements as the basic classification of accounting; 3. Enterprises in the initial measurement of the accounting elements shall, in general, use the fair value, and surviving measurement is usually follow the historical cost principle; 4. Responsibilities occurred receipt and payment system and implementation system is not “either/or” antagonistic relationship; 5. The traditional income statement can be adapted as income and expenditure.%我国现行企业会计准则—基本准则在会计假设和会计要素划分,对会计计量的表述,以及对权责发生制的理解与运用方面存在着明显的缺陷.本文逐一分析了上述缺陷条款的不妥当之处,并提出了自己的见解:1.不能把“持续经营”设定为企业会计核算的基础;2.利润不应当作为会计的基本分类列入会计要素;3.企业在对会计要素进行初始计量时一般采用公允价值,而存续计量则通常遵照历史成本原则;4.权责发生制与收付实现制不是“非此即彼”的对立关系;5.传统利润表可以改编为新的收入支出表.

  10. Basic Research Firing Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Basic Research Firing Facility is an indoor ballistic test facility that has recently transitioned from a customer-based facility to a dedicated basic research...

  11. Safety culture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keen, L.J. [Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

    2003-07-01

    Safety culture has become a topic of increasing interest for industry and regulators as issues are raised on safety problems around the world. The keys to safety culture are organizational effectiveness, effective communications, organizational learning, and a culture that encourages the identification and resolution of safety issues. The necessity of a strong safety culture places an onus on all of us to continually question whether the safety measures already in place are sufficient, and are being applied. (author)

  12. Body Basics Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness About the Body Basics Library KidsHealth > For Teens > About the Body Basics Library A A A Did you ever wonder what ... system, part, and process works. Use this medical library to find out about basic human anatomy, how ...

  13. Body Basics Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness About the Body Basics Library KidsHealth > For Teens > About the Body Basics Library Print A A A Did you ever wonder ... system, part, and process works. Use this medical library to find out about basic human anatomy, how ...

  14. Basic Cake Decorating Workbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdany, Mel

    Included in this student workbook for basic cake decorating are the following: (1) Drawings of steps in a basic way to ice a layer cake, how to make a paper cone, various sizes of flower nails, various sizes and types of tin pastry tubes, and special rose tubes; (2) recipes for basic decorating icings (buttercream, rose paste, and royal icing);…

  15. 基于可信性安全准则的模糊动态投资组合模型%Fuzzy Dynamic Portfolio Selection Model Based on the Safety Standards of Credibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金凤; 曹学明; 邱根胜

    2012-01-01

    研究了模糊环境下的动态投资组合模型,将证券的收益率描述为模糊变量,提出了基于可信性测度的安全准则,可信性安全准则反映了投资者对灾难事件的容忍水平.建立了基于可信性安全准则的模糊动态投资组合模型,对建立的模型设计了基于模糊模拟的混合智能算法进行求解,并在Visual C++环境下,用C语言实现了对实例的求解,证明了混合智能算法的有效性和合理性.%This paper studies the dynamic portfolio model in the fuzzy environment. It puts forward the safety criterion based on credibility measure through describing the security yield as fuzzy variable. The safety criterion of credibility reflects the investor's tolerance level of catastrophic events. The fuzzy dynamic portfolio model based on the safety standards of credibility is established. The hybrid intelligent algorithm based on the fuzzy simulation is designed to solve the established model. And in Visual C + + environment, it proves the efficiency and rationality of hybrid intelligent algorithm through solving the living examples by using C language.

  16. Questioning the Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Dairy quality standards trigger further controversy China’s dairy industry is once again being scrutinized as suspicions abound that major dairy enterprises played a hand in manipulating and lowering quality standards to save costs.The new standards released in March 2010 set the maximum safety limit for bacteria in raw milk at 2 million cells per milliliter, four times

  17. Clima de segurança organizacional e a adesão às precauções padrão entre dentistas Organizational safety climate and adherence to standard precautions among dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Helena Vivan Ribeiro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a percepção do dentista a respeito do clima de segurança no trabalho em relação à adesão às precauções padrão. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal realizado através da aplicação da escala de Clima de Segurança a uma população de 224 dentistas que atuavam em unidades de Atenção Básica de Saúde de seis municípios do Paraná. RESULTADOS: O escore total de 3,43 (DP=0,88 revela a baixa percepção dos dentistas a respeito do incentivo e apoio organizacional para adoção das PP. CONCLUSÃO: Clima de segurança insatisfatório, onde a percepção do dentista sobre a segurança de seu ambiente de trabalho é deficiente, evidenciando ações gerenciais de apoio à segurança fragilizadas, falta de um programa de treinamento em saúde ocupacional e deficiência do feedback para favorecer a adoção de práticas seguras.OBJECTIVE: Check the perception of dentists about safety climate at work in relation to adherence to standard precautions. METHODS: It is a quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted through the application of the Safety Climate Scale to a population of 224 dentists who worked in units of primary health care in six municipalities of Paraná. RESULTS: The total score of 3.43 (SD = 0.88 reveals that dentists have a poor perception of the incentives and organizational support for adopting standard precautions. CONCLUSION: Unsatisfactory safety climate, where the perception of dentists about safety in their work environment is deficient, demonstrating fragile management actions of support to safety, lack of a training program in occupational health and deficient feedback to favor the adoption of safe practices.

  18. Safety first

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Safety is a priority for CERN. That is a message I conveyed in my New Year’s address and that I reiterated at one of the first Enlarged Directorate meetings of 2012 when I outlined five key safety objectives for the year, designed and implemented according to accepted international standards.   As we move from spring to summer, it’s time to take stock of how we are doing. Objective number one for 2012, which overarches everything else, is to limit the number of incidents in the workplace. That means systematically investigating and acting on every incident that involves work stoppage, along with all the most frequent workplace accidents: falls, trips and slips. The performance indicator we set ourselves is the percentage of investigations and follow-ups completed. Year on year, these figures are rising but we can never be complacent, and must strive to reach and sustain 100% follow-up. The second objective is to improve hazard control, with a focus in 2012 on chemical ha...

  19. Introduction of the New Edition of Air-conditioner Safety Standard%关于新版空调安全标准介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田磊

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the new major points of the air-conditioner standard GB 4706.32-2012, and points out the key points of changes of new standard, and briefly interprets the concept of software evaluation.%  本文介绍了新版空调标准GB 4706.32-2012的主要新增点,指出了关键性的变化点,对软件评估的概念做了简要解读。

  20. Basic operator theory

    CERN Document Server

    Gohberg, Israel

    2001-01-01

    rii application of linear operators on a Hilbert space. We begin with a chapter on the geometry of Hilbert space and then proceed to the spectral theory of compact self adjoint operators; operational calculus is next presented as a nat­ ural outgrowth of the spectral theory. The second part of the text concentrates on Banach spaces and linear operators acting on these spaces. It includes, for example, the three 'basic principles of linear analysis and the Riesz­ Fredholm theory of compact operators. Both parts contain plenty of applications. All chapters deal exclusively with linear problems, except for the last chapter which is an introduction to the theory of nonlinear operators. In addition to the standard topics in functional anal­ ysis, we have presented relatively recent results which appear, for example, in Chapter VII. In general, in writ­ ing this book, the authors were strongly influenced by re­ cent developments in operator theory which affected the choice of topics, proofs and exercises. One ...

  1. Origin and Subsequent Modifications of Explosive Safety Quantity- Distance (ESQD) Standards for Mass Detonating Explosives with Special Reference to Naval Vessels. Volume 2. Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-05-01

    builditng diztnrazo for protootica L:= inzrtc-flcc for sall quntites " of unbarroaczmd o--plootvea. a. Inhabitad buildiag distanco for barricad...as above. ’ b. Agend-_ item Zb "Anomalies With Respect to In€term Quntit - Distance Standards." 2. Agenda item Zb recommended revised tables to be

  2. The safety of donor skin preserved with glycerol - Evaluating the Euro Skin Bank preservation procedures of human donor skin against the prEN 12442 standard

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geertsma RE; Wassenaar C; LGM

    2000-01-01

    The procedures for preservation of human donor skin with glycerol, as applied by the Euro Skin Bank (ESB), were evaluated against the prEN 12442 standard: animal tissues and their derivatives used in the manufacture of medical devices. The focus chosen for this review is on risks related to the tran

  3. Efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba standardized extract in the treatment of vascular cognitive impairment: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demarin, Vida; Bašić Kes, Vanja; Trkanjec, Zlatko; Budišić, Mislav; Bošnjak Pašić, Marija; Črnac, Petra; Budinčević, Hrvoje

    2017-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract in patients diagnosed with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Methods A total of 90 patients (aged 67.1±8.0 years; 59 women) were randomly allocated (1:1:1) to receive G. biloba 120 mg, G. biloba 60 mg, or placebo during a 6-month period. Assessment was made for efficacy indicators, including neuropsychological tests scores (Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric Scale, Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination, Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, and Clinical Global Impression) and transcranial Doppler ultrasound findings. Safety indicators included laboratory findings, reported adverse reactions, and clinical examination. Results At the end of 6-month study period, G. biloba 120 and 60 mg showed a statistically significant positive effect in comparison with placebo only on the Clinical Global Impression score (2.6±0.8 vs 3.1±0.7 vs 2.8±0.7, respectively; P=0.038). The Clinical Global Impression score showed a significant deterioration from the baseline values in the placebo group (−0.3±0.5; P=0.021) as opposed to G. biloba groups. No significant differences were found in the transcranial Doppler ultrasound findings. Adverse reactions were significantly more common and serious in the placebo group (16 subjects) than in either of the two G. biloba extract groups (eight and nine subjects, respectively), whereas laboratory findings and clinical examinations revealed no differences between the groups receiving G. biloba extract and placebo. Conclusion According to our results, G. biloba seemed to slow down the cognitive deterioration in patients with VCI, but the effect was shown in only one of the four neuropsychological tests administered. However, because of this mild effect in combination with a few adverse reactions, we cannot say that it is ineffective or unsafe either. Further studies are still needed to provide

  4. The Dynamic Balancer electrical safety systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konkel, H.

    1997-12-01

    The Pantex Plant Dynamic Balancer is used to identify physical imbalance in some weapon systems. This study was conducted at the request of the US Department of Energy/Albuquerque Operations Office (USDOE/AL) Dynamic Balancer Project Team to identify the electrical conditions required for motor over-speed to occur and to discuss the functions of the various electrical protective features associated with the Dynamic Balancer (DB). As is shown through the development of a fault tree, numerous electrical and human failures are required for over-speed conditions to occur. As directed by the Project Team, no effort was made to develop detailed fault trees for all electrical systems, to quantify basic events in the fault tree, or to develop accident scenarios leading to or resulting from over-speed. The Pantex Building 12-60, Bay 2, facility electrical circuits and grounding are described, and potential hazards are discussed. DB motor over-speed is a safety concern, and therefore, the controls that limit this condition are described and discussed in detail. Other safety-significant electrical circuits are discussed as well. These safety systems also are described in the facility Basis for Interim Operation. A potential for a motor over-speed that is not sensed by the standard safety protective systems does exist. This fault pathway is discussed, and recommendations to mitigate its effect are made.

  5. Integrated Safety in Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Casper Siebken; Jørgensen, Kirsten

    2014-01-01

    a theoretical framework is developed from a combination of existing literature on health and safety and a mapping of existing practices based on interviews in all four companies. The interviews revealed that the basic knowledge on OHS among architects and engineers is limited. Also currently designers typically......An on-going research project investigates the inclusion of health and safety considerations in the design phase as a means to achieve a higher level of health and safety in the construction industry. Moreover, the approach is coupled to the overall quality efforts. Two architectural firms and two...... consider OHS in execution as a responsibility of the contractors. The output of this stage is a systematic and structured conceptual framework that couples OHS-risks in construction (health, safety and mental health) to the stages in the design and engineering processes. Moreover the framework includes...

  6. Dosimetry of electromagnetic fields for compliance of radiological safety standards; Dosimetria de campos electromagneticos para el cumplimiento de normativas de seguridad radiologica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jimenez, M.

    2005-07-01

    The non-ionizing radiation in occupational, public or residential environments shows a wide variety of characteristics regarding its frequency, power, time pattern, orientation, etc. For a correct dosimetry, it is necessary to choose among diverse measurements protocols and equipment: broadband equipment, selective meters, isotropic probes, high frequency, low frequency, personal monitors, area monitors...How should they be chosen? It depends on the more information available, the easier it will be to take the right decision. For this purpose, it is necessary to understand the physics of the electromagnetic fields (electric field, magnetic field, far and near field) and to be familiar with the corresponding safety limits (occupational or public exposure) in each case. Besides, it is very important to understand the differences between the different technologies used in the modern instrumentation and their applications to specific situations. (Author)

  7. Electric power system basics for the nonelectrical professional

    CERN Document Server

    Blume, Steven W

    2016-01-01

    The second edition of Steven W. Blume’s bestseller provides a comprehensive treatment of power technology for the non-electrical engineer working in the electric power industry. This book aims to give non-electrical professionals a fundamental understanding of large interconnected electrical power systems, better known as the “Power Grid”, with regard to terminology, electrical concepts, design considerations, construction practices, industry standards, control room operations for both normal and emergency conditions, maintenance, consumption, telecommunications and safety. The text begins with an overview of the terminology and basic electrical concepts commonly used in the industry then it examines the generation, transmission and distribution of power. Other topics discussed include energy management, conservation of electrical energy, consumption characteristics and regulatory aspects to help readers understand modern electric power systems.

  8. Evaluation of efficacy and safety of erdosteine in patients affected by chronic bronchitis during an infective exacerbation phase and receiving amoxycillin as basic treatment (ECOBES, European Chronic Obstructive Bronchitis Erdosteine Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchioni, C F; Polu, J M; Taytard, A; Hanard, T; Noseda, G; Mancini, C

    1995-11-01

    An international multicentric study was conducted with the aim of demonstrating that erdosteine improves the efficacy of amoxycillin in the treatment of infective exacerbation of chronic bronchitis mainly on the clinical symptomatology (primary objective), on spirometric tests and body temperature, without negatively influencing the tolerance (secondary objectives). The study was conducted as a prospective evaluation, with 2 comparative groups treated with erdosteine (300 mg x 2/day) or placebo in association with amoxycillin (1500 mg/day) for a maximum of 10 days. The design of the trial was double-blind and parallel group with 2 subgroups. The treatments have been assigned randomly to a population of chronic bronchitic patients in exacerbation phase of n = 237 subjects. The study was conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and its amendments (Hong Kong, September 1989). The primary end-point used to determine effectiveness in this study was the global clinical assessment (GCA) which was choosen as a general indication of activity with objective/subjective evaluation of the clinical picture. Secondary endpoints of efficacy are sputum parameters, functional signs of chronic obstructive bronchitis, spirometric tests and overall judgement of efficacy. Safety was evaluated with adverse drug reactions reporting, arterial blood pressure, heart rate and laboratory tests monitoring. The obtained values have been analyzed with two-way and factorial ANOVA, Least Squares Catmod-SAS, Wilcoxon and Chi-square tests. The number of patients included in the effectiveness analysis is of n = 226 subjects, due to the fact that 11 patients were lost due to different reasons. In term of results as far as the primary objective of the study was concerned, erdosteine resulted more active than placebo. The analysis evidenced a very significant difference for treatment, time and interaction time x treatment. No difference on the contrary was observed for center

  9. Degradation products of the artificial azo dye, Allura red, inhibit esterase activity of carbonic anhydrase II: A basic in vitro study on the food safety of the colorant in terms of enzyme inhibition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeili, Sajjad; Ashrafi-Kooshk, Mohammad Reza; Khaledian, Koestan; Adibi, Hadi; Rouhani, Shohre; Khodarahmi, Reza

    2016-12-15

    Allura red is a widely used food colorant, but there is debate on its potential security risk. In the present study, we found that degradation products of the dye were more potent agents with higher carbonic anhydrase inhibitory action than the parent dye. The mechanism by which the compounds inhibit the enzyme activity has been determined as competitive mode. In addition, the enzyme binding properties of the compounds were investigated employing different spectroscopic techniques and molecular docking. The analyses of fluorescence quenching data revealed the existence of the same binding site for the compounds on the enzyme molecule. The thermodynamic parameters of ligand binding were not similar, which indicates that different interactions are responsible in binding of the parent dye and degradation products to the enzyme. It appears that enzyme inhibition should be considered, more seriously, as a new opened dimension in food safety.

  10. DOE Standard: Fire protection design criteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-07-01

    The development of this Standard reflects the fact that national consensus standards and other design criteria do not comprehensively or, in some cases, adequately address fire protection issues at DOE facilities. This Standard provides supplemental fire protection guidance applicable to the design and construction of DOE facilities and site features (such as water distribution systems) that are also provided for fire protection. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the applicable building code, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards, and any other applicable DOE construction criteria. This Standard replaces certain mandatory fire protection requirements that were formerly in DOE 5480.7A, ``Fire Protection``, and DOE 6430.1A, ``General Design Criteria``. It also contains the fire protection guidelines from two (now canceled) draft standards: ``Glove Box Fire Protection`` and ``Filter Plenum Fire Protection``. (Note: This Standard does not supersede the requirements of DOE 5480.7A and DOE 6430.1A where these DOE Orders are currently applicable under existing contracts.) This Standard, along with the criteria delineated in Section 3, constitutes the basic criteria for satisfying DOE fire and life safety objectives for the design and construction or renovation of DOE facilities.

  11. Basics of Bayesian Learning - Basically Bayes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jan

    Tutorial presented at the IEEE Machine Learning for Signal Processing Workshop 2006, Maynooth, Ireland, September 8, 2006. The tutorial focuses on the basic elements of Bayesian learning and its relation to classical learning paradigms. This includes a critical discussion of the pros and cons...

  12. Safety design for medical robots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazanzides, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The use of robots in medicine is increasing, leading to the call for specific safety standards. This is a challenging endeavor, however, because the patient must usually be placed in the robot's workspace and the medical staff must frequently interact with the robot. Although specific safety standards for medical robots do not yet exist, there are several medical device standards and well-established principles of risk analysis and safety design that can and should be applied. This paper presents a tutorial overview of safety design for medical robots, starting with a discussion of high-level safety requirements, followed by methods for risk assessment (or hazard analysis) and a brief discussion of some sample safety strategies.

  13. Efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba standardized extract in the treatment of vascular cognitive impairment: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demarin V

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Vida Demarin,1,2 Vanja Bašić Kes,1 Zlatko Trkanjec,1 Mislav Budišić,1 Marija Bošnjak Pašić,3,4 Petra Črnac,5 Hrvoje Budinčević4,5 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center “Sestre Milosrdnice”, 2International Institute for Brain Health, 3Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Zagreb, 4Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University Josip Juraj Strossmayer, Osijek, 5Department of Neurology, Stroke and Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital “Sveti Duh”, Zagreb, Croatia Objectives: The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract in patients diagnosed with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI. Methods: A total of 90 patients (aged 67.1±8.0 years; 59 women were randomly allocated (1:1:1 to receive G. biloba 120 mg, G. biloba 60 mg, or placebo during a 6-month period. Assessment was made for efficacy indicators, including neuropsychological tests scores (Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric Scale, Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination, Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, and Clinical Global Impression and transcranial Doppler ultrasound findings. Safety indicators included laboratory findings, reported adverse reactions, and clinical examination. Results: At the end of 6-month study period, G. biloba 120 and 60 mg showed a statistically significant positive effect in comparison with placebo only on the Clinical Global Impression score (2.6±0.8 vs 3.1±0.7 vs 2.8±0.7, respectively; P=0.038. The Clinical Global Impression score showed a significant deterioration from the baseline values in the placebo group (-0.3±0.5; P=0.021 as opposed to G. biloba groups. No significant differences were found in the transcranial Doppler ultrasound findings. Adverse reactions were significantly more common and serious in the placebo group (16 subjects than in either of the two G. biloba extract groups (eight and nine subjects

  14. 冶金工贸行业小微企业安全标准化管理信息系统的研究%A Preliminary Study on Safety Standardization Management Information System of Small and Micro Metallurgical Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程新

    2014-01-01

    分析了冶金等工贸行业小微企业安全标准化管理系统的11个要素,确定管理信息系统的主要目标及使用的关键技术特点,建立了对应的11个功能模块,并对管理信息系统各模块实现的功能进行了介绍。将冶金等工贸行业小微企业安全标准化管理设定的各类安全信息及安全管理内容融入到信息系统管理之中,实现了对安全管理过程中大量积累数据的分析和处理,实时动态地展示工艺、环境、设备、安全、管理状况和员工的危险行为,可以及时有效地进行风险控制,达到降低事故发生的目的。%By analyzing the 11 essentials in safety standardization management system of small and micro metallurgical industry and trade businesses, the main objectives and key technical characteristics of the system are determined, 11 corresponding functional modules are established and realization methods of the modules are introduced. Various types of safety in-formation and management contents set by safety standardization management for small and micro metallurgical industry and trade businesses are integrated into the information system management to achieve analysis and processing lots of accumulated data in safety management process. Thus potential risks in processes, environment, equipment, security, management con-ditions and staff behaviors can be dynamically displayed real-timely, so that risk control can be effectively carried out to reduce accident occurrence.

  15. Basic molecular spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Gorry, PA

    1985-01-01

    BASIC Molecular Spectroscopy discusses the utilization of the Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC) programming language in molecular spectroscopy. The book is comprised of five chapters that provide an introduction to molecular spectroscopy through programs written in BASIC. The coverage of the text includes rotational spectra, vibrational spectra, and Raman and electronic spectra. The book will be of great use to students who are currently taking a course in molecular spectroscopy.

  16. Basic digital signal processing

    CERN Document Server

    Lockhart, Gordon B

    1985-01-01

    Basic Digital Signal Processing describes the principles of digital signal processing and experiments with BASIC programs involving the fast Fourier theorem (FFT). The book reviews the fundamentals of the BASIC program, continuous and discrete time signals including analog signals, Fourier analysis, discrete Fourier transform, signal energy, power. The text also explains digital signal processing involving digital filters, linear time-variant systems, discrete time unit impulse, discrete-time convolution, and the alternative structure for second order infinite impulse response (IIR) sections.

  17. Peer review, basic research, and engineering: Defining a role for QA professionals in basic research environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1989-02-01

    Within the context of doing basic research, this paper seeks to answer four major questions: (1) What is the authority structure of science. (2) What is peer review. (3) Where is the interface between basic physics research and standard engineering. and (4) Given the conclusions to the first three questions, what is the role of the QA professional in a basic research environment like Fermilab. 23 refs.

  18. Scientific Opinion on safety and efficacy of cobalt compounds (E3 as feed additives for all animal species: Cobaltous acetate tetrahydrate, basic cobaltous carbonate monohydrate and cobaltous sulphate heptahydrate, based on a dossier submitted by TREAC EEIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Cobalt(III is a component of cobalamin. Its essentiality as trace element results from the capacity of certain animal species to synthesise cobalamin by the gastrointestinal microbiota. Feeding supplemental cobalt from the additives under application up to the maximum total content in feed set in EU is considered safe for all animal species/categories; margin of safety is around 10. Cobalt is predominantly excreted via faecal route. Absorbed cobalt follows aqueous excretion routes. About 43% of body cobalt is stored in muscle; however, kidney and liver are the edible tissues containing the highest cobalt concentrations and are most susceptible reflecting dietary cobalt concentrations. In animals with capacity to synthesise cobalamin, cobalt is also deposited in tissues as vitamin B12. Cobalt(II cations are genotoxic under in vitro and in vivo conditions, and have carcinogen, mutagen and reproduction toxicant (CMR properties. No data are available on the potential carcinogenicity of cobalt(II following oral exposure. However, oral exposure may potentially entail adverse threshold-related effects in humans. The estimated population intake of cobalt most likely includes the contribution of foodstuffs from animals fed cobalt-supplemented feedingstuffs. An increase in cobalt exposure by the use of cobalt-containing feed additives is therefore not expected. Considering the population exposure to cobalt, about 4–10 times lower than the health-based guidance value, no safety concern for the consumer is expected for threshold effects of oral cobalt. The cobalt(II compounds assessed are considered skin and eye irritants and dermal/inhalatory sensitisers. Their dust is a hazard to persons handling these substances. Exposure by inhalation must be avoided. The use of cobalt from any source at the authorised maximum content in feed does not provide a risk to the environment. The compounds assessed are available for cobalamin

  19. Industry Initiated Core Safety Attributes for Human Spaceflight for the 7th IAASS Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mango, Edward J.

    2014-01-01

    Now that the NASA Commercial Crew Program (CCP) is beginning its full certification contract for crew transportation to the International Space Station (ISS), is it time for industry to embrace a minimum set of core safety attributes? Those attributes can then be evolved into an industry-led set of basic safety standards and requirements. After 50 years of human space travel sponsored by governments, there are two basic conditions that now exist within the international space industry. The first, there is enough of a space-faring history to encourage the space industry to design, develop and operate human spaceflight systems without government contracts for anything other than services. Second, industry is capable of defining and enforcing a set of industry-based safety attributes and standards for human spaceflight to low-Earth orbit (LEO). This paper will explore both of these basic conditions with a focus on the safety attributes and standards. In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is now starting to dialogue with industry about the basic safety principles and attributes needed for potential future regulatory oversight. This process is not yet formalized and will take a number of years once approval is given to move forward. Therefore, throughout the next few years, it is an excellent time and opportunity for industry to collaborate together and develop the core set of attributes and standards. As industry engages and embraces a common set of safety attributes, then government agencies, like the FAA and NASA can use that industry-based product to strengthen their efforts on a safe commercial spaceflight foundation for the future. As the commercial space industry takes the lead role in establishing core safety attributes, and then enforcing those attributes, the entire planet can move away from governmental control of design and development and let industry expand safe and successful space operations in LEO. At that point the

  20. Discussions on the standardized safety evaluation of new drugs in phase I clinical trials%Ⅰ期新药临床试验中安全性数据规范化分析探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏敏吉; 王水强; 赵彩芸; 郭旭光

    2014-01-01

    推进创新药物Ⅰ期临床试验的策略是基于药物的获益/风险比分析,因此,在早期临床阶段就进行规范化的药物安全性评价是一个良好的开端。本文对国内完成的Ⅰ期临床试验安全性评价资料进行了分析,发现存在一些需要改进和提高的方面,如不良事件术语需要统一以及规范化呈交、实验室检查指标的分级、需要关注的重要和未期望的不良事件等。针对这些不足,建议按照人用药品注册技术要求国际协调会(ICH)指导原则的要求进行规范化的安全性分析。%The strategies for pushing phase Ⅰ new drug clinical trials for-ward are based on the ratio of benefit to risk.Thus it would be a good starting to perform a standardized safety evaluation when a new drug enters its early phase trial.In the present paper, we evaluated the safety information contained in the phase I clinical study reports of new drugs and found improvements needed to be done in the following areas , such as the standard terminology used for adverse events , presentation of adverse events, classification of laboratory parameters and special atten -tions to the important and unexpected adverse events , etc.Finally, we proposed to adopt a standardized practice based on Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use of International Confer -ence on Harmonization(ICH) guidelines in the assessment of drug safety.