WorldWideScience

Sample records for basic quality assurance

  1. Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1990-04-12

    How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

  2. Basic Study of Establishment of Quality Assurance Processes to Develop an Integrated Quality Assurance System for Nuclear Power Plant Construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An integrated quality assurance system has necessitated carrying out quality assurance programs in a systematic manner because the opportunities to expand business in overseas markets have increased since the export of a nuclear power plant to UAE in 2009. In this study, we use PDCA method to systematically analyze the quality assurance procedures that were used in previous projects for constructing nuclear power plants. We reached a classification system of quality assurance processes at each phase of nuclear power plant construction by integrating similar work related to quality such as planning, design, equipment manufacturing, construction and start-up. We also established a hierarchy of quality assurance processes to develop an integrated quality assurance system as a technology goal to be developed later. To obtain most updated quality assurance activities, a quality assurance process is structured by integrating similar works analyzed from quality assurance procedures through PDCA cycle method. At the implementation phase of Hierarchy of quality processes and sequence of processes for constructing nuclear power plant are established in this study. Integrated quality assurance system is to be developed by connecting organizations as well as stakeholders such as owners, Architect engineering, suppliers, contractors, and sub-contractors to carry out assigned work efficiently

  3. Quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, B.M.; Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the quality assurance and quality control practices of Hanford Site environmental monitoring and surveillance programs. Samples are analyzed according to documented standard analytical procedures. This section discusses specific measures taken to ensure quality in project management, sample collection, and analytical results.

  4. Revitalizing quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The image of someone inspecting or auditing often comes to mind when people hear the term quality assurance. Although partially correct, this image is not the complete picture. The person doing the inspecting or auditing is probably part of a traditional quality assurance organization, but that organization is only one aspect of a properly conceived and effectively implemented quality assurance system whose goal is improved facility safety and reliability. This paper introduces the underlying philosophies and basic concepts of the International Atomic Energy Agency's new quality assurance initiative that began in 1991 as part of a broad Agency-wide program to enhance nuclear safety. The first product of that initiative was publication in 1996 of a new Quality Assurance Code 50-C/SG-Q and fourteen related Safety Guides. This new suite of documents provide the technical and philosophical foundation upon which Member States can base their quality assurance programs. (author)

  5. Necessity of Accreditation Standards for Quality Assurance of Medical Basic Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Jahroomi Shirazi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present article reviews the significance of accreditation standards while emphasizing the necessity of implementation of such standards by basic medical science council, with an eye on such international standards as those published by WFME. This review article had to decide on the key words and expressions, data bases, to review relevant literature, review higher and medical education journals at GOOGLE, ELSEVIER, PUBMED, and such web sites as those of WFME and WMA’s. Accreditation is a powerful leverage for institutional change and improvement and must be actively supported by academic and national health authorities worldwide. Considering the mission of the Basic Medical Science, Health and Post grad. Education, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran as accountable medical education, all specialists of the spectrum of disciplines agreed on the necessity of formulating the medical education standards for all disciplines of their interest. It is important that all efforts be joined in the endeavor to create effective and reliable instruments for quality assurance of Basic Medical Sciences Education.

  6. The implementation of quality assurance programs: basic aspect in nuclear plants management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experience in implementing and developing the Quality Assurance programme for the Almaraz nuclear power plant is briefly described. Almaraz was the first Spanish nuclear plant that had to apply specific Quality Assurance standards to its project and construction. The complexity of the project which was developed using standards in a continuous state of evolution, the large number of participating organizations and the numerous interrelationships between them, made the working methods required by the Quality Assurance standards a fundamental tool for establishing order within the framework of the projects, an essential requirement to achieve the objectives regarding costs, schedules and quality. The experience has shown that implementation of Quality Assurance programmes must be accomplished from the highest levels of management and must be thought of as being an essential management tool for achievement of the objectives established, and subjected to periodic revisions in order to check their effectiveness. This logically means that the scope of Quality Assurance must be extended to cover not only those aspects relating to safety but also all activities directly or indirectly affecting adequate operation of the plant, grading the requirements depending on several factors as impact on plant availability, costs of items, complexity of activities, etc. (author)

  7. Introduction to quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In today's interpretation 'quality assurance' means 'good management'. Quality assurance has to cover all phases of a work, but all quality assurance measures must be adapted to the relevance and complexity of the actual task. Examples are given for the preparation of quality classes, the organization of quality assurance during design and manufacturing and for auditing. Finally, efficiency and limits of quality assurance systems are described. (orig.)

  8. Quality Assurance - Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaarslev, Axel

    1996-01-01

    Gives contains three main chapters:1. Quality Assurance initiated by external demands2. Quality Assurance initiated by internal company goals3. Innovation strategies......Gives contains three main chapters:1. Quality Assurance initiated by external demands2. Quality Assurance initiated by internal company goals3. Innovation strategies...

  9. Statistical methods for quality assurance basics, measurement, control, capability, and improvement

    CERN Document Server

    Vardeman, Stephen B

    2016-01-01

    This undergraduate statistical quality assurance textbook clearly shows with real projects, cases and data sets how statistical quality control tools are used in practice. Among the topics covered is a practical evaluation of measurement effectiveness for both continuous and discrete data. Gauge Reproducibility and Repeatability methodology (including confidence intervals for Repeatability, Reproducibility and the Gauge Capability Ratio) is thoroughly developed. Process capability indices and corresponding confidence intervals are also explained. In addition to process monitoring techniques, experimental design and analysis for process improvement are carefully presented. Factorial and Fractional Factorial arrangements of treatments and Response Surface methods are covered. Integrated throughout the book are rich sets of examples and problems that help readers gain a better understanding of where and how to apply statistical quality control tools. These large and realistic problem sets in combination with the...

  10. Multinational Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinser, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Multinational colleges and universities pose numerous challenges to the traditional models of quality assurance that are designed to validate domestic higher education. When institutions cross international borders, at least two quality assurance protocols are involved. To guard against fraud and abuse, quality assurance in the host country is…

  11. Computer software quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author defines some criteria for the evaluation of software quality assurance elements for applicability to the regulation of the nuclear industry. The author then analyses a number of software quality assurance (SQA) standards. The major extracted SQA elements are then discussed, and finally specific software quality assurance recommendations are made for the nuclear industry

  12. Chemical identification and its quality assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Milman, Boris L

    2013-01-01

    Chemical Identification and its Quality Assurance shows how to apply the principles of quality assurance for qualitative chemical analysis. The principles of identification and metrological basics are presented, in addition to the reliability and errors involved with chemical identification.

  13. RAVEN Quality Assurance Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cogliati, Joshua Joseph [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-09-01

    This report discusses the quality assurance activities needed to raise the Quality Level of Risk Analysis in a Virtual Environment (RAVEN) from Quality Level 3 to Quality Level 2. This report also describes the general RAVEN quality assurance activities. For improving the quality, reviews of code changes have been instituted, more parts of testing have been automated, and improved packaging has been created. For upgrading the quality level, requirements have been created and the workflow has been improved.

  14. RAVEN Quality Assurance Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses the quality assurance activities needed to raise the Quality Level of Risk Analysis in a Virtual Environment (RAVEN) from Quality Level 3 to Quality Level 2. This report also describes the general RAVEN quality assurance activities. For improving the quality, reviews of code changes have been instituted, more parts of testing have been automated, and improved packaging has been created. For upgrading the quality level, requirements have been created and the workflow has been improved.

  15. Quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of levels of quality assurance as applied to CANDU-type nuclear power plant components, i.e. maintaining an appropriate cost/benefit ratio, is introduced. The design process itself has quality assurance features by virtue of multi-level review. (E.C.B.)

  16. Software quality assurance handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-09-01

    There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

  17. Necessity of Accreditation Standards for Quality Assurance of Medical Basic Sciences

    OpenAIRE

    J Jahroomi Shirazi; Nakhaee, N; Z Jalili; Rezaeian, M; AR Jafari

    2013-01-01

    Background: The present article reviews the significance of accreditation standards while emphasizing the necessity of implementation of such standards by basic medical science council, with an eye on such international standards as those published by WFME. This review article had to decide on the key words and expressions, data bases, to review relevant literature, review higher and medical education journals at GOOGLE, ELSEVIER, PUBMED, and such web sites as those of WFME and WMA’s. Accredi...

  18. Experience Gained from the Application of Basic Quality Assurance Procedures in a Greek University Engineering Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamatelos, A. M.

    2010-01-01

    During the last decade, significant funding has become available to Greek public universities to support the convergence to the common European space of higher education. In a number of departments, this funding was wisely invested in the development of a quality culture, covering not only the educational process, but also the services offered by…

  19. Quality assurance in clinical trials.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottevanger, P.B.; Therasse, P.; Veld, C.J.H. van de; Bernier, J.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Grol, R.P.T.M.; Mulder, P.H.M. de

    2003-01-01

    From the literature that was initially searched by electronic databases using the keywords quality, quality control and quality assurance in combination with clinical trials, surgery, pathology, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and data management, a comprehensive review is given on what quality assurance

  20. Measurement quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality of a radiation protection program can be no better than the quality of the measurements made to support it. In many cases, that quality is unknown and is merely implied on the basis of a calibration of a measuring instrument. If that calibration is inappropriate or is performed improperly, the measurement result will be inaccurate and misleading. Assurance of measurement quality can be achieved if appropriate procedures are followed, including periodic quality control actions that demonstrate adequate performance. Several national measurement quality assurance (MQA) programs are operational or under development in specific areas. They employ secondary standards laboratories that provide a high-quality link between the National Bureau of Standards and measurements made at the field use level. The procedures followed by these secondary laboratories to achieve MQA will be described, as well as plans for similar future programs. A growing general national interest in quality assurance, combined with strong specific motivations for MQA in the area of ionizing radiation, will provide continued demand for appropriate national programs. Such programs must, however, employ procedures that are cost effective and must be developed with participation by all affected parties

  1. Quality Assurance for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

    2010-01-01

    For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

  2. Power transformers quality assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Dasgupta, Indrajit

    2009-01-01

    About the Book: With the view to attain higher reliability in power system operation, the quality assurance in the field of distribution and power transformers has claimed growing attention. Besides new developments in the material technology and manufacturing processes of transformers, regular diagnostic testing and maintenance of any engineering product may be ascertained by ensuring: right selection of materials and components and their quality checks. application of correct manufacturing processes any systems engineering. the user`s awareness towards preventive maintenance. The

  3. Quality assurance in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Good radiotherapy results and safety of treatment require the radiation to be optimally applied to a specified target area and the correct dose. According to international recommendations, the average uncertainty in therapeutic dose should not exceed 5%. The need for high precision in therapeutic dose requires quality assurance covering the entire radiotherapy process. Besides the physical and technical characteristics of the therapy equipment, quality assurance must include all radiotherapy equipment and procedures that are significant for the correct magnitude and precision of application of the therapeutic dose. The duties and responsibilities pertaining to various stages of treatment must also be precisely defined. These requirements may be best implemented through a quality system. The general requirements for supervision and quality assurance of medical radiation apparatus are prescribed in section 40 of the Radiation Act (592/1991, amendment 1142/1998) and in sections 18 and 32 of the Decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health on the medical use of radiation (423/2000). Guide ST 2.2 imposes requirements on structural radiation shielding of radiotherapy equipment and the premises in which it is used, and on warning and safety arrangements. Guide ST 1.1 sets out the general safety principles for radiation practices and regulatory control procedure for the use of radiation. Guide ST 1.6 provides general requirements for operational measures in the use of radiation. This Guide sets out the duties of responsible parties (the party running a radiation practice) in respect of arranging and maintaining radiotherapy quality assurance. The principles set out in this Guide and Guide ST 6.3 may be applied to radionuclide therapy

  4. Quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This topical report describes the Gibbs and Hill Quality Assurance Program and sets forth the methods to be followed in controlling quality-related activities performed by Gibbs and Hill and its contractors. The program is based on company experience in nuclear power and related work, and defines a system found effective in providing independent control of quality-related functions and documentation. The scope of the report covers activities involving nuclear safety-related structures, systems, and components covered by Gibbs and Hill' contractual obligation to the Utility Owner for each project

  5. Introduction to quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety requirements set forth in the regulatory requirement, codes, standards as well as other requirements for various aspects of nuclear power plant design and operation are strictly implemented through QA activities. The overall QA aim is to assure that the plant is soundly and correctly designed and that it is built, tested and operated in accordance with stringent quality standards and conservative engineering practices. In this way a high degree of freedom from faults and errors can be achieved. (orig.)

  6. Creating Quality Assurance and International Transparency for Quality Assurance Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristoffersen, Dorte; Lindeberg, Tobias

    2004-01-01

    , on the one hand, to advance internationalisation of quality assurance of higher education, and on the other hand, allow for the differences in the national approaches to quality assurance. The paper will focus on two issues: first, the strength and weaknesses of the method employed and of the use of the ENQA......The paper presents the experiences gained in the pilot project on mutual recognition conducted by the quality assurance agencies in the Nordic countries and the future perspective for international quality assurance of national quality assurance agencies. The background of the project was the need...

  7. Creating quality assurance and international transparency for quality assurance agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindeberg, Tobias Høygaard; Kristoffersen, Dorte

    2004-01-01

    , on the one hand, to advance internationalisation of quality assurance of higher education, and on the other hand, allow for the differences in the national approaches to quality assurance. The paper will focus on two issues: first, the strength and weaknesses of the method employed and of the use of the ENQA......The paper presents the experiences gained in the pilot project on mutual recognition conducted by the quality assurance agencies in the Nordic countries and the future perspective for international quality assurance of national quality assurance agencies. The background of the project was the need...

  8. Quality assurance services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For over 20 years the quality assurance services at the Springfields Laboratories have been concerned with manufacturing both simple and complex engineering products to the highest standard. The scientists working there have considerable expertise in the practical application of quality control and the development and design of inspection and non-destructive testing equipment. The folder contains six sheets or leaflets illustrating the work and equipment. The subjects are the mechanical standards laboratory, non-destructive testing, the digitising table, the peripheral camera, automated measurement, data handling and presentation, and the computer controlled three axis co-ordinate measuring machine. (U.K.)

  9. Quality assurance records system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide was prepared as part of the Agency's programme, referred to as the NUSS programme, for establishing Codes of Practice and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants. It supplements the IAEA Code of Practice on Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants (IAEA Safety Series No.50-C-QA), which requires that for each nuclear power plant a system for the generation, identification, collection, indexing, filing, storing, maintenance and disposition of quality assurance records shall be established and executed in accordance with written procedures and instructions. The purpose of this Safety Guide is to provide assistance in the establishment and operation of such a system. An orderly established and maintained records system is considered to be part of the means of providing a basis for an appropriate level of confidence that the activities which affect the quality of a nuclear power plant have been performed in accordance with the specific requirements and that the required quality has been achieved and is maintained

  10. The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements

  11. The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

    1993-03-01

    The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

  12. Concrete quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holz, N. [Harza Engineering Company, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2000-08-01

    This short article reports on progress at the world's largest civil construction project, namely China's Three Gorges hydro project. Work goes on around the clock to put in place nearly 28 M m{sup 3} of concrete. At every stage of the work there is strong emphasis on quality assurance (QA) and concrete is no exception. The US company Harza Engineering has been providing QA since the mid-1980s and concrete QA has been based on international standards. Harza personnel work in the field with supervisors developing educational tools for supervising concrete construction and quality, as well as providing training courses in concrete technology. Some details on flood control, capacity, water quality and environmental aspects are given..

  13. Quality-Assurance Program Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is provided to describe the Quality Assurance Program which is applied to the waste management activities conducted by AESD-Nevada Operations at the E-MAD Facility located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site. The AESD-Nevada Operations QAPP provides the necessary systematic and administrative controls to assure activities that affect quality, safety, reliability, and maintainability during design, procurement, fabrication, inspection, shipments, tests, and storage are conducted in accordance with established requirements

  14. Quality assurance of qualitative analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ríos, Ángel; Barceló, Damiá; Buydens, Lutgarde;

    2003-01-01

    and quality assurance. One important part of this document deals, therefore, with aspects involved in analytical quality assurance of qualitative analysis. This article shows the main conclusions reported in the document referring to the implementation of quality principles in qualitative analysis...

  15. Towards improvement in quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This first document in the series of the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG) Technical Notes is a general guideline for the establishment of effective quality assurance procedures at nuclear facilities. It sets out primary requirements such as quality objectives, methods for measuring the effectiveness of the quality assurance programme, priority of activities in relation to importance of safety of items, motivation of personnel

  16. Subsurface quality assurance practices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report addresses only the concept of applying Nuclear Quality Assurance (NQA) practices to repository shaft and subsurface design and construction; how NQA will be applied; and the level of detail required in the documentation for construction of a shaft and subsurface repository in contrast to the level of detail required in the documentation for construction of a traditional mine. This study determined that NQA practices are viable, attainable, as well as required. The study identified the appropriate NQA criteria and the repository's major structures, systems, items, and activities to which the criteria are applicable. A QA plan, for design and construction, and a list of documentation, for construction, are presented. 7 refs., 1 fig., 18 tabs

  17. Construction quality assurance report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roscha, V.

    1994-09-08

    This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project.

  18. FESA Quality Assurance

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    FESA is a framework used by 100+ developers at CERN to design and implement the real-time software used to control the accelerators. Each new version must be tested and qualified to ensure that no backward compatibility issues have been introduced and that there is no major bug which might prevent accelerator operations. Our quality assurance approach is based on code review and a two-level testing process. The first level is made of unit-test (Python unittest & Google tests for C++). The second level consists of integration tests running on an isolated test environment. We also use a continuous integration service (Bamboo) to ensure the tests are executed periodically and the bugs caught early. In the presentation, we will explain the reasons why we took this approach, the results and some thoughts on the pros and cons.

  19. Construction quality assurance report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project

  20. [Quality and quality assurance, a European problem].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, H

    1994-01-01

    The problem of quality and quality assurance for the free exchange of blood and blood products in Europe is discussed. The background of all discussion of quality is the categorical theory of Aristoteles. The philosophical basis is described. The fundamental law of the daily work of a blood center has to be a philosophy of quality which depends on the sociodemographic situation in the region. This basic varies from country to country in Europe. The importance of the supranational bodies in Europe is mentioned. The weightness of the Code of Ethics is discussed. Virus safety, purity and validity of blood and blood products are described as parameters of the quality aspects. Finally it is confirmed that a well running blood program is a multicategorical problem.

  1. Recent Trends in Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

  2. Evaluation Research and Quality Assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesta, George; Respress, Trinetia; Major, Aline K.; Arazan, Christine; Coxe, Terry

    2002-01-01

    Describes the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's implementation of an evaluation research-driven quality assurance process for Florida's juvenile justice educational programs. Reviews the literature on juvenile justice educational practices and describes the educational quality assurance standards and annual modifications that draw…

  3. Ballistic quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review describes the ballistic quality assurance for stereotactic intracranial irradiation treatments delivered with Gamma KnifeR either dedicated or adapted medical linear accelerators. Specific and periodic controls should be performed in order to check the mechanical stability for both irradiation and collimation systems. If this step remains under the responsibility of the medical physicist, it should be done in agreement with the manufacturer's technical support. At this time, there are no recent published guidelines. With technological developments, both frequency and accuracy should be assessed in each institution according to the treatment mode: single versus hypo-fractionated dose, circular collimator versus micro-multi-leaf collimators. In addition, 'end-to-end' techniques are mandatory to find the origin of potential discrepancies and to estimate the global ballistic accuracy of the delivered treatment. Indeed, they include frames, non-invasive immobilization devices, localizers, multimodal imaging for delineation and in-room positioning imaging systems. The final precision that could be reasonably achieved is more or less 1 mm. (authors)

  4. Quality assurance during site construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the time of planing and construction of a nuclear power plant, the following proceeding is approved: - the deliverer of a nuclear power plant provides the reports fixing the quality assurance program, it means that he is responsible to write the safety analysis report, the specifications for the erection of the components, the working manuals and specifications for testing (eg nondestr. testing) - the manufacturing of components or systems will be controlled by an own independent quality assurance group, provided that this group was checked by the quality assurance group of the applicant - the TUeV with its independent assessors will fix the requirements relating to quality assurance in its assessment. On this basis the examination of the applicants specifications, working manuals, testing specifications will be done. The efficiency of quality assurance at the manufacturer and at the applicant will be checked by the TUeV specialists by considering specifications of modifications, repairs or tolerances. A mean point of the quality assurance in Germany is the dynamic adjustment, of an action on the latest state of engineering or science. If there exists a change of rules or guidelines, the quality assurance requirements have to be fit on this state in so far as it is feasible from the technical point of view. (orig./RW)

  5. Quality assurance within regulatory bodies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA directed extensive efforts during the years 1991 to 1995 to the integral revision of all NUSS quality assurance publications, which were approved and issued as Safety Series No.50-C/SG-Q, Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and other Nuclear Installations (1996). When these quality assurance publications were developed, their prime focus was on requirements against which work performed by the licensees could be measured and assessed by the regulatory bodies. In this way, they only helped to facilitate the functions of regulators. No requirements or recommendations were provided on how the regulators should ensure the effective implementation of their own activities. The present publication is a first attempt to collect, integrate and offer available experience to directly support performance of regulatory activities. It presents a comprehensive compilation on the application of quality assurance principles and methods by regulatory bodies to their activities. The aim is consistent good performance of regulatory activities through a systematic approach

  6. Redefining and expanding quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, J L

    1992-12-01

    To meet the current standards of excellence necessary for blood establishments, we have learned from industry that a movement toward organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management must be made. Everyone in the organization must accept responsibility for participating in providing the highest quality products and services. Quality must be built into processes and design systems to support these quality processes. Quality assurance has been redefined to include a quality planning function described as the most effective way of designing quality into processes. A formalized quality planning process must be part of quality assurance. Continuous quality improvement has been identified as the strategy every blood establishment must support while striving for error-free processing as the long-term objective. The auditing process has been realigned to support and facilitate this same objective. Implementing organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management is one proven plan for guaranteeing the quality of the 20 million products that are transfused into 4 million patients each year and for moving toward the new order. PMID:1286566

  7. Quality Assurance: A Balancing Act

    OpenAIRE

    Žváčková Jitka

    2015-01-01

    Language Centre Quality Assurance can be used for a wide range of purposes, from audits of services and procedures to reflection on best practices and improvements of language education. Quality Assurance systems across Europe differ considerably. The Czech Republic, unlike the UK or Spain, applies no unified national standards, therefore, the Masaryk University Language Centre (CJV MU), in compliance with the Masaryk University strategic plan, is obliged to set its own standards and procedur...

  8. Quality assurance in individual monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurement and assessment of radiation dose to the individual radiation worker, called 'Individual monitoring', is one of the most important aspects of radiation protection. International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP-75) has outlined three main objectives of personal monitoring viz assessment of the effectively equivalent dose to demonstrate compliance with managerial and regulatory requirements; to contribute to control of operation and design of facilities and in case of accidental overexposure, to provide valuable information for the initiation and support of any health surveillance and treatment. To meet these objectives, it is essential that the measurements are reliable and accurate as defined by National and International Standards. This requires setting up of well defined internal as well as external quality assurance protocol in the individual monitoring program. External quality assurance program is meant to provide a reliable and qualitative as well as quantitative assessment of the service provided by the service provider. In India, individual monitoring is based on CaSO4:Dy based TLD badge and the task of conducting external quality assurance (QA) is being performed by RP and AD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. The paper presents the methodology of Quality assurance, Performance evaluation standards and criteria. It discusses the results and important observations of last few QA cycles conducted for all the TLD Labs. The quality assurance check has indicated that the performance of all the Labs is satisfactory in accordance with ANSI as well as Trumpet curve methodology. It provided feedback on further improvements in the quality

  9. Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianxin

    2012-01-01

    Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

  10. 10 CFR 71.37 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance. 71.37 Section 71.37 Energy NUCLEAR... Package Approval § 71.37 Quality assurance. (a) The applicant shall describe the quality assurance program... quality assurance program that are applicable to the particular package design under...

  11. Grading of quality assurance requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present Manual provides guidance and illustrative examples for applying a method by which graded quality assurance requirements may be determined and adapted to the items and services of a nuclear power plant in conformance with the requirements of the IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards (NUSS) Code and Safety Guides on quality assurance. The Manual replaces the previous publication IAEA-TECDOC-303 on the same subject. Various methods of grading quality assurance are available in a number of Member States. During the development of the present Manual it was not considered practical to attempt to resolve the differences between those methods and it was preferred to identify and benefit from the good practices available in all the methods. The method presented in this Manual deals with the aspects of management, documentation, control, verification and administration which affect quality. 1 fig., 4 tabs

  12. Quality assurance of endoscopy units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebbing, John F

    2011-06-01

    This chapter reflects on how England has led the world in service development and quality assurance of endoscopy. It draws out themes of leadership, strategic vision and organisational culture. It emphasises the pivotal importance of focussing service improvement on enhancing the quality of a patient's experience of endoscopy. It describes the processes used here for quality assurance of endoscopy units and how these have dovetailed with other strands of work in transforming the English endoscopy service. The chapter presents discussion of the responses to accreditation processes and how the design of the JAG Accreditation process maximises its effectiveness. PMID:21764004

  13. Quality Assurance 1992-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Roger

    2012-01-01

    As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

  14. Quality assurance during site construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality Assurance for Nuclear Power Plants under consideration of pipe assembling. Flow of Quality Requirements during: - Desing - Construction - Procurement - Prefabrication - Site. Organizational Requirements and Measurements during Erection: - Incoming Control - Material Storage - Surveillance of Tools - Weld Surveillance - Nondestructive Testing - Cleaning - Final Documentation. Qualification and Training of QA Personnel. (orig.)

  15. Concepts of nuclear quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While the safety record of the nuclear industry continues to be excellent, the forced outage rates for recent years continue to be 15% or more. Quality assurance, therefore, needs to be applied not only to nuclear safety matters, but to the goals of increased productivity and reduced construction and operating costs. Broadening the application of the general concept of quality assurance in this way leads to the introduction of reliability technology. The total activity might better be called reliability assurance. That effective quality assurance systems do pay off is described by examples from the utility industry, from a manufacturer of instruments and systems and from the experience of Westinghouse Electric Company's manufacturing divisions. The special situation of applying quality assurance to nuclear fuel is discussed. Problems include the lack of a fully developed regulatory policy in this area, incomplete understanding of the mechanism for pellet-clad interaction failures, incomplete access to manufacturers design and process information, inability to make desirable changes on a timely basis and inadequate feedback of irradiation experience. (author)

  16. Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waste Management Group

    2006-08-14

    The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

  17. Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs

  18. From quality assurance to total quality management

    OpenAIRE

    Andreea Ionică

    2003-01-01

    Quality assurance is broadly the prevention of quality problems through planned and systematic activities. These will include the establishment of a good quality management system and the assessment of its adequacy, the audit of the operation of the system, and the review of the system itself

  19. Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gladney, E.S.; Goode, W.E.; Perrin, D.R.; Burns, C.E.

    1981-09-01

    The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980.

  20. Quality assurance in a large research and development laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Developing a quality assurance program for a large research and development laboratory provided a unique opportunity for innovative planning. The quality assurance program that emerged has been tailored to meet the requirements of several sponsoring organizations and contains the flexibility for experimental programs ranging from large engineering-scale development projects to bench-scale basic research programs

  1. Quality assurances and tolerances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirschling, G.

    1991-12-31

    This book presents a comprehensive statistical solution to tolerance problems to be used as an alternative to the conventional arithmetic approach that is used for tolerancing. The book is a translation from an original text in German. The classificatio nof the book would be as a reference text for engineers who are working in the production and quality control fields, particularly in process control. Academics who are teaching such subjects as statistical process control of geometric dimensioning and tolerancing will also find the book useful.

  2. Quality Management, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Blood Establishments

    OpenAIRE

    Bolbate, N

    2008-01-01

    Quality terms and the roots of the matter are analyzed according to European Committee’s recommendations. Essence of process and product quality control as well as essence of quality assurance is described. Quality system’s structure including quality control, quality assurance and management is justified in the article.

  3. 10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance and quality control. 26.137 Section 26....137 Quality assurance and quality control. (a) Quality assurance program. Each licensee testing facility shall have a quality assurance program that encompasses all aspects of the testing...

  4. Quality assurance in the design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    System- and product-related quality assurance measures are completing one another. Certainly it is possible to detect a lot of defects in the single technical document by well controlled product related quality inspections and to avoid the consequences of these defects; but also a not unimportant part of defects and deviations has its origin in system linked deficiencies. The latter can be detected more easily and more securely by means of system related reviews (System audit, Product audit). But also the sole implementation of system related quality assurance measures keeps the danger to get stuck only in formality and to loose all references to the specific characteristics of the product. (orig./RW)

  5. Quality assurance - how to involve the employees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    1996-01-01

    An overview of strategies for involvement of employees in quality assurance developement and implementation.......An overview of strategies for involvement of employees in quality assurance developement and implementation....

  6. Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department

  7. 40 CFR 31.45 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 31.45 Section 31.45... Requirements Reports, Records, Retention, and Enforcement § 31.45 Quality assurance. If the grantee's project... quality assurance practices consisting of policies, procedures, specifications, standards,...

  8. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality assurance program satisfying each...

  9. Quality assurance in digital radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, there is no standard way of evaluating performance characteristics of digital radiography systems. Continuous measurements of performance parameters are necessary in order to obtain images of high quality. Parameters of quality assurance in digital radiography, which can be evaluated with simple, quick methods, are spatial resolution, low-contrast detectability, dynamic range and exposure dose. Spatial resolution was determined by a lead bar pattern, whereas the other parameters were measured by commercially available phantoms. Performance measurements of 10 digital subtraction angiography (DSA) units and one digital radiography system for unsubtracted digital radiography were assessed. From these results, recommendations for performance parameter levels will be discussed. (author)

  10. Quality assurance and statistical control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, K.

    1991-01-01

    In scientific research laboratories it is rarely possible to use quality assurance schemes, developed for large-scale analysis. Instead methods have been developed to control the quality of modest numbers of analytical results by relying on statistical control: Analysis of precision serves...... through the origo. Calibration control is an essential link in the traceability of results. Only one or two samples of pure solid or aqueous standards with accurately known content need to be analyzed. Verification is carried out by analyzing certified reference materials from BCR, NIST, or others...

  11. Quality assurance in X-ray mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: Breast Cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in the country, with a smooth upward trend. X-ray mammography is the gold standard in the diagnosis of breast cancer. The study was carried out with X-ray radiation with certain degree of risk of radiation carcinogenesis in a patient. There are international recommendations setting high requirements for the quality of mammography. What you will learn: In 2006 the fourth edition of the European recommendations for ensuring quality in screening and diagnosis of breast cancer was published. It stipulates the requirements to both technical and physical aspects of mammography screening and the quality of work of the radiologist, technologist, pathologist and surgeon. Some multidisciplinary aspects of quality assurance in the diagnostic process are discussed. Discussion: Some often neglected aspects in quality are discussed. A standard plexiglas phantom for each mammography system for daily tests holding of image quality and dose evaluation is necessary. In the dark room appropriate equipment for assessment of the developing process has be available, as often it is the main reason for the poor quality of the mammographic images. In digital mammography the conditions for mammograms reading - light and brightness of the room and equipment and monitor quality are neglected. Conclusion: One of the basic principles of radiation protection in diagnostic radiology required to obtain images with the necessary diagnostic information with minimal exposure to the patient. This is possible only in compliance with all aspects of quality assurance in X-ray mammography

  12. Quality assurance of custom software solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Herblan, Miha

    2014-01-01

    In thesis we look at problem of software quality assurance, especially when it comes to custom solutions projects. First we look at what quality assurance is, how do we mesure it and specialty why we do it. Afterwards we go through main principles, that apply when dealing with quality assurance in general. Since quality assurance is extensive topic, we take more detailed look on one part of quality assurance that is mostly used, that is testing of software. Because we are talking about softwa...

  13. Quality assurance requirements for an institution with diverse technical activities at the Nevada test site (NTS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes the Nevada test site's restructuring of its approach to quality assurance. Basic requirements are being expanded and augmented. The nature of the quality assurance program is discussed

  14. Quality assurance in diagnostic ultrasound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sipilae, Outi, E-mail: outi.sipila@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 340, 00029 HUS (Finland); Mannila, Vilma, E-mail: vilma.mannila@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 340, 00029 HUS (Finland); Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki University (Finland); Vartiainen, Eija, E-mail: eija.vartiainen@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 750, 00029 HUS (Finland)

    2011-11-15

    Objective: To setup a practical ultrasound quality assurance protocol in a large radiological center, results from transducer tests, phantom measurements and visual checks for physical faults were compared. Materials and methods: Altogether 151 transducers from 54 ultrasound scanners, from seven different manufacturers, were tested with a Sonora FirstCall aPerio{sup TM} system (Sonora Medical Systems, Inc., Longmont, CO, USA) to detect non-functional elements. Phantom measurements using a CIRS General Purpose Phantom Model 040 (CIRS Tissue Simulation and Phantom Technology, VA, USA) were available for 135 transducers. The transducers and scanners were also checked visually for physical faults. The percentages of defective findings in these tests were computed. Results: Defective results in the FirstCall tests were found in 17% of the 151 transducers, and in 16% of the 135 transducers. Defective image quality resulted with 15% of the transducers, and 25% of the transducers had a physical flaw. In 16% of the scanners, a physical fault elsewhere than in the transducer was found. Seven percent of the transducers had a concurrent defective result both in the FirstCall test and in the phantom measurements, 8% in the FirstCall test and in the visual check, 4% in the phantom measurements and in the visual check, and 2% in all three tests. Conclusion: The tested methods produced partly complementary results and seemed all to be necessary. Thus a quality assurance protocol is forced to be rather labored, and therefore the benefits and costs must be closely followed.

  15. Quality assurance for gamma knives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

  16. Quality assurance for gamma knives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations

  17. Graded quality assurance in procurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Part 50, Appendix B, requires every applicant for an operating license to include in its final safety analysis report information pertaining to the managerial and administrative controls to be used to ensure safe operation. This appendix establishes quality assurance requirements for the design, construction, and operation of those structures, systems, and components (SSC) that perform safety-related functions. The activities affecting safety-related SSC functions include designing, purchasing, fabricating, and so forth, Title 10 CFR 50.65 established requirements to ensure that the maintenance activities conducted by licensees are effective. This is also known as the maintenance rule

  18. Quality assurance in the ambulatory care setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, R D

    1989-01-01

    One of the most utilitarian developments in the field of quality assurance in health care has been the introduction of industrial concepts of quality management. These concepts, coupled with buyer demand for accountability, are bringing new perspectives to health care quality assurance. These perspectives provide a new view of quality assurance as a major responsibility and strategic opportunity for management; a competitive and marketable commodity; and a method of improving safety, effectiveness, and satisfaction with medical care.

  19. Quality assurance programme and quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper analyses the requirements for the quality assurance and control in nuclear power plant projects which are needed to achieve safe, reliable and economic plants. The author describes the structure for the establishment of a nuclear programme at the national level and the participation of the different bodies involved in a nuclear power plant project. The paper ends with the study of a specific case in Spain. (NEA)

  20. Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuan

    2010-01-01

    Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

  1. Hungary Higher Education Quality Assurance System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Ru-shan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Higher education quality assurance system has drawn much attention since 1980s. Most countries are committed to build the higher education quality assurance system to meet international standards. Under such an international trend, Hungary also actively promotes higher education reform, and established Hungarian Accreditation Committee and in order to ensure the quality of higher education.

  2. Quality Assurance Program and Brain Drain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The number of colleges and universities in most developing countries has increased drastically over the past decades. The quality variation of these institutions is an alarming concern. Quality assurance programs are proposed and implemented. This paper evaluates the effects of quality assurance on the demand for college education, study abroad,…

  3. Quality assurance and radiofrequency heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One pf the potential problems and limitations of scanning at high field strength is the deposition or radiofrequency (RF) power into the body. This paper proposes an inexpensive means of assessing radiofrequency power deposition in a magnet. This is particularly important at 3T where sequences approach Food and Drug Administration approved RF limits. It will also be of interest to operators at 1.5 T as part of their ongoing quality assurance programs. At 3T, we found that the RF power deposited in the magnet was less than that read by the MR power monitor. All measurements were performed with a 2.51 perspex spherical phantom. Copyright (2002) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

  4. Professionalism, Profession and Quality Assurance Practitioners in External Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Jordan C. M.

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to spark a dialectic discussion on the establishment of a set of professional competencies for quality assurance practitioners who serve in external quality assurance agencies in higher education. Such a need is identified due to the shortage of relevant and sufficient coverage in the quality assurance literature. To…

  5. Teacher Reaction to ICP Quality Assurance Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Ann

    An integral part of the Quality Assurance Manual developed by Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) to accompany the Kindergarten Program is the end-of-program assessment of the Instructional Concepts Program (ICP). Following completion of ICP Quality Assurance assessment, four teachers were interviewed in order to gather information pertinent to…

  6. 40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance. If the... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 30.54 Section...

  7. Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oijala, J.E.

    1988-06-01

    This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

  8. 30 CFR 7.7 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 7.7 Section 7.7 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY General § 7.7 Quality assurance. Applicants...

  9. 30 CFR 15.8 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 15.8 Section 15.8 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF... § 15.8 Quality assurance. (a) Applicants granted an approval or an extension of approval under...

  10. 40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance. (a)(1) As soon as practicable after April 9, 1996, the... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 194.22 Section...

  11. 30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 14.8 Section 14.8 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF... Quality assurance. Applicants granted an approval or an extension of approval under this Part must: (a)...

  12. 48 CFR 2453.246 - Quality Assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Quality Assurance. 2453.246 Section 2453.246 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 2453.246 Quality Assurance....

  13. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 51. Persons may obtain a copy from the International Organization for Standardization at the... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 74.9 Section 74.9 Mineral... DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance....

  14. Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Materu, Peter; Righetti, Petra

    2010-01-01

    This article assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on degree-granting tertiary institutions. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints.…

  15. The Concepts of Quality, Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elassy, Noha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to critically review and discuss different definitions of the concepts of quality, quality assurance (QA) and quality enhancement (QE) in higher education (HE) with presenting critical perspectives of the literature. Design/methodology/approach: The paper looks at literature concerns with the meaning of quality, QA and QE,…

  16. Reinforcing Quality Assurance in Romanian Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana-Maria Dima

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, the quality assurance system in Romania has gained considerable experience. This experience was recently recognized in 2008 by the ENQA: European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education through the admission of ARACIS as a full member of EQAR: the European Quality Assurance Register. The Board of ENQA agreed to grant ARACIS’s full membership of ENQA for five years from 2 June 2009. This article explores the benefits of membership for the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education – ARACIS, comparing to other regional and global quality assurance agencies networks. The common features and differences between ARACIS and other European agencies are questioned through the frameworks of ENQA and INQAAHE as a case study.

  17. National Program of Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy in Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It tries on the establishment of a Quality Assurance Nacional System, a Quality Assurance Committee implemented in Cuba, and a Quality Auditory National Program implemented in Cuba to control and assure radiotherapy quality

  18. Marshall Island radioassay quality assurance program an overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conrado, C.L.; Hamilton, T.F.; Kehl, S.R.; Robison, W.L.; Stoker, A.C.

    1998-09-01

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has developed an extensive quality assurance program to provide high quality data and assessments in support of the Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology Program. Our quality assurance objectives begin with the premise of providing integrated and cost-effective program support (to meet wide-ranging programmatic needs, scientific peer review, litigation defense, and build public confidence) and continue through from design and implementation of large-scale field programs, sampling and sample preparation, radiometric and chemical analyses, documentation of quality assurance/quality control practices, exposure assessments, and dose/risk assessments until publication. The basic structure of our radioassay quality assurance/quality control program can be divided into four essential elements; (1) sample and data integrity control; (2) instrument validation and calibration; (3) method performance testing, validation, development and documentation; and (4) periodic peer review and on-site assessments. While our quality assurance objectives are tailored towards a single research program and the evaluation of major exposure pathways/critical radionuclides pertinent to the Marshall Islands, we have attempted to develop quality assurance practices that are consistent with proposed criteria designed for laboratory accre

  19. Not Convinced: Lecturers' Conceptions of Quality Assurance

    OpenAIRE

    Sullivan, Hugh

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation is an investigation into how lecturers' conceptions of quality differ from the way quality is constructed by the quality assurance systems and procedures responsible for it. Lecturers opinions about these systems are also explored. Primary research was conducted in a research intensive Irish University with a view to uncovering lecturers' views about quality assurance. This was done through semistructured interviews which were then thematically analysed and compared with...

  20. Training, Quality Assurance Factors, and Tools Investigation: a Work Report and Suggestions on Software Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Pen-Nan

    1991-01-01

    Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

  1. SWiFT Software Quality Assurance Plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, Jonathan Charles [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-01-01

    This document describes the software development practice areas and processes which contribute to the ability of SWiFT software developers to provide quality software. These processes are designed to satisfy the requirements set forth by the Sandia Software Quality Assurance Program (SSQAP). APPROVALS SWiFT Software Quality Assurance Plan (SAND2016-0765) approved by: Department Manager SWiFT Site Lead Dave Minster (6121) Date Jonathan White (6121) Date SWiFT Controls Engineer Jonathan Berg (6121) Date CHANGE HISTORY Issue Date Originator(s) Description A 2016/01/27 Jon Berg (06121) Initial release of the SWiFT Software Quality Assurance Plan

  2. The quality of chemotherapy and its quality assurance.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ottevanger, P.B.; Mulder, P.H.M. de

    2005-01-01

    AIMS: Assessment of the quality of chemotherapy care and its quality assurance in clinical trials and daily practice. METHODS: Using Medline, literature was searched combining the following words: quality assurance or quality of care, combined with anti-neoplastic agents. The bibliography of each ar

  3. Quality Assurance Program for Molecular Medicine Laboratories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Sabzavi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Molecular diagnostic methods have played and continuing to have a critical role in clinical laboratories in recent years. Therefore, standardization is an evolutionary process that needs to be upgrade with increasing scientific knowledge, improvement of the instruments and techniques. The aim of this study was to design a quality assurance program in order to have similar conditions for all medical laboratories engaging with molecular tests.Methods: We had to design a plan for all four elements; required space conditions, equipments, training, and basic guidelines. Necessary guidelines was prepared and confirmed by the launched specific committee at the Health Reference Laboratory.Results: Several workshops were also held for medical laboratories directors and staffs, quality control manager of molecular companies, directors and nominees from universities. Accreditation of equipments and molecular material was followed parallel with rest of program. Now we are going to accredit medical laboratories and to evaluate the success of the program.Conclusion: Accreditation of medical laboratory will be succeeding if its basic elements are provided in advance. Professional practice guidelines, holding training and performing accreditation the molecular materials and equipments ensured us that laboratories are aware of best practices, proper interpretation, limitations of techniques, and technical issues. Now, active external auditing can improve the applied laboratory conditions toward the defined standard level.

  4. Quality assurance in performance assessments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maul, P.R.; Watkins, B.M.; Salter, P.; Mcleod, R [QuantiSci Ltd, Henley-on-Thames (United Kingdom)

    1999-01-01

    Following publication of the Site-94 report, SKI wishes to review how Quality Assurance (QA) issues could be treated in future work both in undertaking their own Performance Assessment (PA) calculations and in scrutinising documents supplied by SKB (on planning a repository for spent fuels in Sweden). The aim of this report is to identify the key QA issues and to outline the nature and content of a QA plan which would be suitable for SKI, bearing in mind the requirements and recommendations of relevant standards. Emphasis is on issues which are specific to Performance Assessments for deep repositories for radioactive wastes, but consideration is also given to issues which need to be addressed in all large projects. Given the long time over which the performance of a deep repository system must be evaluated, the demonstration that a repository is likely to perform satisfactorily relies on the use of computer-generated model predictions of system performance. This raises particular QA issues which are generally not encountered in other technical areas (for instance, power station operations). The traceability of the arguments used is a key QA issue, as are conceptual model uncertainty, and code verification and validation; these were all included in the consideration of overall uncertainties in the Site-94 project. Additionally, issues which are particularly relevant to SKI include: How QA in a PA fits in with the general QA procedures of the organisation undertaking the work. The relationship between QA as applied by the regulator and the implementor of a repository development programme. Section 2 introduces the discussion of these issues by reviewing the standards and guidance which are available from national and international organisations. This is followed in Section 3 by a review of specific issues which arise from the Site-94 exercise. An outline procedure for managing QA issues in SKI is put forward as a basis for discussion in Section 4. It is hoped that

  5. Good manufacturing practice - quality assurance programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of good manufacturing practice (GMP) in the medical device industry requires the use of controlled methods and equipment in performing each step in the device manufacturing process. Quality assurance programs are used to maintain compliance with GMP requirements by prescribing the operating and control procedures to be used. The specific elements of a quality assurance program for the radiation sterilization of medical devices are described. (author)

  6. Quality Assurance for Operation of Nuclear Facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes QA activities performed within 'Quality Assurance for Nuclear facility project' and results thereof. Efforts were made to maintain and improve quality system of nuclear facilities. Varification activities whether quality system was implemented in compliance with requirements. QA department assisted KOLAS accredited testing and calibration laboratories, ISO 9001 quality system, establishment of QA programs for R and D, and carried out reviews and surveys for development of quality assurance technologies. Major items of this report are as follows : - Development and Improvement of QA Programs - QA Activities - Assessment of Effectiveness and Adequacy for QA Programs

  7. Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry at Los Alamos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic structure philosophy of the program as it has evolved over the past five years is discussed with particular emphasis on traceability and use of certified reference materials. Typical summary results of the program and interactive computerized quality assurance system are presented

  8. Modifiers for quality assurance in group facilitation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.; Grünbacher, P.; Briggs, R.O.

    2011-01-01

    A key task of a professional facilitator is to assure the quality of the knowledge products created through collaborative effort. To manage the quality of the knowledge a group generates, facilitators attend to, judge, and question the quality of the contributions a group makes, the decisions it mak

  9. APPROACH TO QUALITY ASSURANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zora Arsovski

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Quality assurance in higher education is streamed in two interconnected concepts: (1 quality management according to ISO 9000 and (2 Bologna process. In this paper both concepts are presented, with point on internal state and term plan activities for quality improvement in higher education in Serbia.

  10. Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-30

    This quality assurance plan identifies the data necessary, and techniques designed to attain the required quality, to meet the specific data quality objectives associated with the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This report specifies sampling, waste testing, and analytical methods for transuranic wastes.

  11. Automating linear accelerator quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckhause, Tobias; Thorwarth, Ryan; Moran, Jean M., E-mail: jmmoran@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5010 (United States); Al-Hallaq, Hania; Farrey, Karl [Department of Radiation Oncology and Cellular Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Ritter, Timothy [Ann Arbor VA Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); DeMarco, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, 90048 (United States); Pawlicki, Todd; Kim, Gwe-Ya [UCSD Medical Center, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Popple, Richard [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 (United States); Sharma, Vijeshwar; Park, SungYong [Karmanos Cancer Institute, McLaren-Flint, Flint, Michigan 48532 (United States); Perez, Mario; Booth, Jeremy T. [Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2065 (Australia)

    2015-10-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was 2-fold. One purpose was to develop an automated, streamlined quality assurance (QA) program for use by multiple centers. The second purpose was to evaluate machine performance over time for multiple centers using linear accelerator (Linac) log files and electronic portal images. The authors sought to evaluate variations in Linac performance to establish as a reference for other centers. Methods: The authors developed analytical software tools for a QA program using both log files and electronic portal imaging device (EPID) measurements. The first tool is a general analysis tool which can read and visually represent data in the log file. This tool, which can be used to automatically analyze patient treatment or QA log files, examines the files for Linac deviations which exceed thresholds. The second set of tools consists of a test suite of QA fields, a standard phantom, and software to collect information from the log files on deviations from the expected values. The test suite was designed to focus on the mechanical tests of the Linac to include jaw, MLC, and collimator positions during static, IMRT, and volumetric modulated arc therapy delivery. A consortium of eight institutions delivered the test suite at monthly or weekly intervals on each Linac using a standard phantom. The behavior of various components was analyzed for eight TrueBeam Linacs. Results: For the EPID and trajectory log file analysis, all observed deviations which exceeded established thresholds for Linac behavior resulted in a beam hold off. In the absence of an interlock-triggering event, the maximum observed log file deviations between the expected and actual component positions (such as MLC leaves) varied from less than 1% to 26% of published tolerance thresholds. The maximum and standard deviations of the variations due to gantry sag, collimator angle, jaw position, and MLC positions are presented. Gantry sag among Linacs was 0.336 ± 0.072 mm. The

  12. Automating linear accelerator quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was 2-fold. One purpose was to develop an automated, streamlined quality assurance (QA) program for use by multiple centers. The second purpose was to evaluate machine performance over time for multiple centers using linear accelerator (Linac) log files and electronic portal images. The authors sought to evaluate variations in Linac performance to establish as a reference for other centers. Methods: The authors developed analytical software tools for a QA program using both log files and electronic portal imaging device (EPID) measurements. The first tool is a general analysis tool which can read and visually represent data in the log file. This tool, which can be used to automatically analyze patient treatment or QA log files, examines the files for Linac deviations which exceed thresholds. The second set of tools consists of a test suite of QA fields, a standard phantom, and software to collect information from the log files on deviations from the expected values. The test suite was designed to focus on the mechanical tests of the Linac to include jaw, MLC, and collimator positions during static, IMRT, and volumetric modulated arc therapy delivery. A consortium of eight institutions delivered the test suite at monthly or weekly intervals on each Linac using a standard phantom. The behavior of various components was analyzed for eight TrueBeam Linacs. Results: For the EPID and trajectory log file analysis, all observed deviations which exceeded established thresholds for Linac behavior resulted in a beam hold off. In the absence of an interlock-triggering event, the maximum observed log file deviations between the expected and actual component positions (such as MLC leaves) varied from less than 1% to 26% of published tolerance thresholds. The maximum and standard deviations of the variations due to gantry sag, collimator angle, jaw position, and MLC positions are presented. Gantry sag among Linacs was 0.336 ± 0.072 mm. The

  13. QUALITY ASSURANCE: THROUGH STUDENT'S INVOLVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Vandana Jadhav- Nalawade

    2014-01-01

    The quality of education is determined by quality of teaching & quality of the teaching in term is determined by the desired behavioural change in the students. So far enhancing quality of teaching and learning students’involvement is the major aspect.

  14. PACKAGING QUALITY ASSURANCE IN SUPPLY CHAIN

    OpenAIRE

    Agnieszka Cholewa-Wójcik; Agnieszka Kawecka

    2014-01-01

    Packaging is a very important element in products quality maintenance that is why quality of packaging has great influence and its quality assurance is necessary. Physical flow in supply chain may deteriorate some of packaging features, so their monitoring and proper conditions of storage, transport and suitable protection are important.The main goal of the paper was to present model of packaging supply chain with elements that are most influencing packaging quality. In the model are consider...

  15. Quality assurance strategies in hospitals: Development, implementation and impact of quality assurance methods in Iranian hospitals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Aghaei Hashjin

    2015-01-01

    This thesis concentrates on the subject of quality assurance strategies in hospitals; exploring the development, implementation and impact of quality assurance (QA) methods in Iranian hospitals. A series of descriptive and analytical studies using qualitative and quantitative data were performed. Th

  16. Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

  17. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  18. Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

  19. Terms and definitions of quality assurance/quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terms of quality assurance are defined and interpreted. Reference is made to the IAEA Code of Practice and to other important Codes and Standards like ANSI, ASME and KTA. The relevance of these terms to everyday's work and problems of a quality assurance engineer is explained. (orig.)

  20. Quality assurance and organizational effectiveness in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetherington, R W

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of a general theoretical model within which research on the organizational impacts of quality assurance programs in hospitals may be examined. Quality assurance is conceptualized as an organizational control mechanism, operating primarily through increased formalization of structures and specification of procedures. Organizational effectiveness is discussed from the perspective of the problem-solving theory of organizations, wherein effective organizations are those which maintain at least average performance in all four system problem areas simultaneously (goal-attainment, integration, adaptation and pattern-maintenance). It is proposed that through the realization of mutual benefits for both professionals and the bureaucracy, quality assurance programs can maximize such effective performance in hospitals.

  1. Assuring quality in high-consequence engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoover, Marcey L.; Kolb, Rachel R.

    2014-03-01

    In high-consequence engineering organizations, such as Sandia, quality assurance may be heavily dependent on staff competency. Competency-dependent quality assurance models are at risk when the environment changes, as it has with increasing attrition rates, budget and schedule cuts, and competing program priorities. Risks in Sandia's competency-dependent culture can be mitigated through changes to hiring, training, and customer engagement approaches to manage people, partners, and products. Sandia's technical quality engineering organization has been able to mitigate corporate-level risks by driving changes that benefit all departments, and in doing so has assured Sandia's commitment to excellence in high-consequence engineering and national service.

  2. Quality assurance in nuclear installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been proven that the bad quality of products, equipment, installations, and services is not due to the lack of tests, experiments and verifications. The main causes are associated with insufficient organization of the activities that have influence on the quality. The garantee of quality is conceptualized as an appropriate instrument composed of normalized criteria initially in advanced technologies. Such as nuclear science and aerospace technology. However, with the appropriate modifications it can be applied to conventional technologies

  3. Assurance of Operators Quality System

    OpenAIRE

    Lilienfelde, E; Šestakovs, V

    2008-01-01

    The main goal of operator's quality system is to from basis that would ensure the process is always carried out applying the same methods, information and skills, as make sure it is being persistently controlled. System contributes to defining clear requirements, delivering information on quality politics and procedures and improving work of the team. Operator's quality system shall be designed in accordance with references, comparing to whom the compliance of the processes can be determined ...

  4. Quality Assurance Source Requirements Traceability Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MURTHY, R., NAYDENOVA, A., DEKLEVER, R., BOONE, A.

    2006-01-30

    At the Yucca Mountain Project the Project Requirements Processing System assists in the management of relationships between regulatory and national/industry standards source criteria, and Quality Assurance Requirements and Description document (DOE/R W-0333P) requirements to create compliance matrices representing respective relationships. The matrices are submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to assist in the commission's review, interpretation, and concurrence with the Yucca Mountain Project QA program document. The tool is highly customized to meet the needs of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Office of Quality Assurance.

  5. Control mechanisms for assuring better IS quality:

    OpenAIRE

    Pivka, Marjan

    1998-01-01

    The software domain is faced with a number of quality assurance and process improvement models. Business managers are under pressure from many different kinds of assessments for their operations, products and services. Accounting departments are audited by financial auditors. What about information systems? Do we have a universal model on how to achieve required IS quality? This paper deals with the definition of IS quality and the influence of different control mechanisms on IS. The results ...

  6. The successful Chief Executive Officer understands quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The successful Chief Executive Officer (CEO) will have recognized the benefits of, and have implemented, a total quality assurance program. The quality assurance program will be adequately defined in policies and procedures such that managers and supervisors of each organizational element understand their primary and supporting roles in carrying out an effective quality assurance program. The traditional practice of having all quality assurance activities reside in a quality assurance organization will have been cast aside. Instead, the quality assurance activities necessary to achieve and assure the quality of the desired end product will have been defined and assigned to responsible organization elements. The quality assurance organization's primary role will be to define the total quality assurance program, insure that the achieving and assuring functions are assigned in policies and procedures, conduct training necessary to have management and supervisors understand the total quality assurance program, measure the effectiveness of the program and feedback measurement data for improvements in the program. The successful CEO will have implemented a quality assurance program that provides for a graded approach for application of the program based upon the importance of the intended use of the product or service. The successful CEO will rely heavily on the scheduled progress reports and assessments to measure the pulse of his organization's successes and improvement needs. This paper will describe suggested approaches for the Quality Assurance Manager to implement a quality assurance program which results in his corporation's CEO being a supporter of and a driving force in the implementation of the quality assurance program

  7. Quality assurance programme and responsibility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contents of this chapter are follows - Quality Control of Equipment and Facilities, Monitoring and Analysis of Film Reject Rate, Continuous Medical Education (CME), Audit of X-Ray Radiographs, General Principles, Good Image Criteria

  8. Quality Assurance of Ultrasonic Diagnosis in Breast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sonography is a subjective diagnostic method which is highly dependent on the experience of the operator and the equipment quality which requires real-time adjustments. Breast screening examination currently consists of clinical examination and mammography. Breast sonography, either supplementary to mammography or independently, is indicated for the dense breast, especially in younger women. Breast sonography is especially applicable for Korean women because of the denser breast parenchyma and the approximately 10-year younger incidence rate of breast cancer of Korean women compared to western women. To avoid unnecessary breast biopsy because of the high rate of false positive lesions in breast parenchyma, which is different from other body organs such as the liver or the kidney, a quality assurance program for breast sonography is essential. The quality assurance of breast ultrasound involves quality assurance of the equipment, imaging display and acquisition of clinical images, personnel qualifications and other aspects such as unification of lexicon, guideline of diagnostic examination and reporting system; US BI-RAD reporting system, assessment items and organization, education program, medical audit, certification issues, and medicolegal issues. A breast sonographic quality assurance system should be established before a scheme to initiate governmental medical insurance for breast sonography

  9. Quality assurance in non-interventional studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theobald, Karlheinz; Capan, Müge; Herbold, Marlis; Schinzel, Stefan; Hundt, Ferdinand

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, drug research and surveillance after authorisation becomes more and more important for several reasons. Non-interventional studies (NIS) investigate various aspects of drug use including efficacy and safety under real life conditions. Such kind of health services research should be on a high scientific, methodological and organisational level. Therefore accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality are highly recommended. The aim of quality management is: first to avoid bias of results by using an appropriate study design and an adequate data analysis, second to assure authenticity, completeness and validity of the data and third to identify and resolve deficiencies at an early stage. Basic principles are laid down in corresponding guidelines and recommendations of authorities, institutes and societies. Various guidelines for good epidemiological practice (GEP) were published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and international and regional societies for epidemiology. In addition in Germany the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) together with the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) and the German Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (VFA) have published respectively recommendations dealing with quality aspects of non-interventional observational studies. Key points are the advanced publishing of information about the project, developing of a study plan/protocol containing the scientific objectives, a sample size justification and a description of the planned analyses and the publishing of a summary of the results timely after completion of the study. The quality of the data can be improved by using standardized case report forms (CRF) and the CRF should be reviewed and tested before start of study by some participants. A source data verification (SDV) should be performed in randomly selected centres - in between 2% and 5% of the centres depending on the number of participating centres. Before start of

  10. Quality assurance in non-interventional studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capan, Müge

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, drug research and surveillance after authorisation becomes more and more important for several reasons. Non-interventional studies (NIS investigate various aspects of drug use including efficacy and safety under real life conditions. Such kind of health services research should be on a high scientific, methodological and organisational level. Therefore accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality are highly recommended. The aim of quality management is: first to avoid bias of results by using an appropriate study design and an adequate data analysis, second to assure authenticity, completeness and validity of the data and third to identify and resolve deficiencies at an early stage. Basic principles are laid down in corresponding guidelines and recommendations of authorities, institutes and societies. Various guidelines for good epidemiological practice (GEP were published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA and international and regional societies for epidemiology. In addition in Germany the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM together with the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI and the German Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (VFA have published respectively recommendations dealing with quality aspects of non-interventional observational studies. Key points are the advanced publishing of information about the project, developing of a study plan/protocol containing the scientific objectives, a sample size justification and a description of the planned analyses and the publishing of a summary of the results timely after completion of the study. The quality of the data can be improved by using standardized case report forms (CRF and the CRF should be reviewed and tested before start of study by some participants. A source data verification (SDV should be performed in randomly selected centres – in between 2% and 5% of the centres depending on the number of participating centres

  11. Quality assurance in biomedical neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The summary report represents an attempt to identify some of the possible sources of error in in vitro neutron activation analysis of trace elements applied to specimens of biomedical origin and to advise on practical means to avoid them. The report is intended as guidance for all involved in analysis, including sample collection and preparation for analysis. All these recommendations constitute part of quality assurance which is here taken to encompass the two concepts - quality control and quality assessment. Quality control is the mechanism established to control errors, while quality assessment is the mechanism used to verify that the analytical procedure is operating within acceptable limits

  12. Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuckerman, Amy

    2000-01-01

    Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

  13. Quality assurance for passive houses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visscher, H.J.; Mlecnik, E.

    2009-01-01

    For newly built houses national ambitions prescribe increasing levels of energy performances, even including achieving net zero energy or carbon neutral houses. This is in large contrast with the lack of quality in many building processes. The building regulations, processes and control will have to

  14. On the development of quality assurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary research in quality assurance indicates that large uncertainties observed in interlaboratory comparisons to a large extent originate from a lack of competence of laboratory staff. This explanation is challenged by the present article for which six technologies and multiple series...

  15. Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garwe, Evelyn Chiyevo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to furnish local and global stakeholders with detailed information regarding the development and current status of quality assurance in the Zimbabwean higher education sector. The study used document analysis, observation and interviews with key informants as sources of data. This paper addresses the dearth of…

  16. MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

    1996-04-01

    MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

  17. Operations quality assurance for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This standard covers the quality assurance of all activities concerned with the operation and maintenance of plant equipment and systems in CANDU-based nuclear power plants during the operations phase, the period between the completion of commissioning and the start of decommissioning

  18. Quality assurance: Importance of systems and standard operating procedures

    OpenAIRE

    Kishu Manghani

    2011-01-01

    It is mandatory for sponsors of clinical trials and contract research organizations alike to establish, manage and monitor their quality control and quality assurance systems and their integral standard operating procedures and other quality documents to provide high-quality products and services to fully satisfy customer needs and expectations. Quality control and quality assurance systems together constitute the key quality systems. Quality control and quality assurance are parts of quality...

  19. Consumer demand and quality assurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G; Wognum, Nel; Trienekens, Jacques;

    2011-01-01

    Consumers differ in their demands, and this mau have implications for the type of supply chain governance that is most suitable for serving them. We present a segmentation of pork consumers in the EU based on their food-related lifestyles and demand for different pork products. We then present an......, and that these implications are different for fresh meat and processed meat. The paper closes with a call for more collaboration between chain researchers and consumer researchers.......Consumers differ in their demands, and this mau have implications for the type of supply chain governance that is most suitable for serving them. We present a segmentation of pork consumers in the EU based on their food-related lifestyles and demand for different pork products. We then present...... an inventory of pork chain governance and quality management systems, also resulting from a pan-European study, and attempt to match types of chains to consumer segments, arguing that the type of quality demanded by the consumers has implications especially for the quality management system governing the chain...

  20. Quality assurance program preparation - review of requirements and plant systems - selection of program levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment and implementation for a practicable quality assurance program for a nuclear power plant demands a detailed background in the field of engineering, manufacturing, organization and quality assurance. It will be demonstrated with examples to define and control the achievement of quality related activities during the phases of design, procurement, manufactoring, commissioning and operation. In general the quality assurance program applies to all items, processes and services important to safety of nuclear power plant. The classification for safety related and non-safety related items and services demonstrate the levels of quality assurance requirements. The lecture gives an introduction of QA Program preparation under the following topics: -Basic criteria and international requirements - Interaction of QA activities - Modular and product oriented QA programs - Structuring of organization for the QA program - Identification of the main quality assurance functions and required actions - Quality Assurance Program documentation - Documentation of planning of activities - Control of program documents - Definitions. (orig./RW)

  1. Quality assurance for nuclear power stations in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality assurance programmes of the Japanese industry show some special features, both in the nuclear field and in non-nuclear technology. Among them e.g. the meticulous care given by Japanese workers to their work and duties, and the high training level and skill of employees in the development and other departments. Another important feature is the common practice of Japanese firms, to guarantee lifetime employment to workers and employees. The quality assurance programme for nuclear power plants covers such aspects as basic design features, detailed planning and construction, fuel element fabrication, basic research, licensing and operation. The responsibility for efficient execution of the programmes lies with the administration, the utilities, the suppliers, as well as all other contractors to a project. The tasks to be fulfilled by organisations, firms, etc., are briefly explained. (orig./HSCH)

  2. Developing a quality assurance program for online services.

    OpenAIRE

    Humphries, A W; Naisawald, G V

    1991-01-01

    A quality assurance (QA) program provides not only a mechanism for establishing training and competency standards, but also a method for continuously monitoring current service practices to correct shortcomings. The typical QA cycle includes these basic steps: select subject for review, establish measurable standards, evaluate existing services using the standards, identify problems, implement solutions, and reevaluate services. The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library (CMHSL) developed a qua...

  3. Nuclear medicine quality assurance program in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A two steps program has been implemented: the first one is the quality control of the equipment and the second one the development of standard procedures for clinical studies of patients. A training program for doctors and technicians of the nuclear medicine laboratories was carried out. Workshops on instrumentation and quality assurance in nuclear medicine have been organized in several parts of the country. A joint program of the CNEA and the University of Buenos Aires has trained medical physicists. A method has been established to evaluate the capability of the laboratories to produce high quality images and to follow up the implementation of the quality control program

  4. Prototype international quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The international community presently lacks the ability to determine the quality and credibility of environmental measurements that is required to make sound decisions in matters related to international security, public health, and investment-related considerations. The ultimate goal of the work described in this article is to develop a credible information base including measurement capability for determination of environmental contamination and the potential for proliferation of material components of chemical or nuclear weapons. This study compared the accuracy obtained by six Russian and six U.S. laboratories for samples representative of classes of trace metals, dioxing-furans, and radioactive substances. The results obtained in this work indicate that current estimates for laboratory accuracy are likely overly optimistic. The weaknesses discovered by this prototype U.S. - Russia study also exist within the broader international community of laboratories. Further work is proposed to address the urgent need for the international community to improve performance evaluations for analytical measurements. (author)

  5. [Quality assurance in ambulatory surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansis, M L

    2004-02-01

    Surgery in outpatients and surgery under hospital conditions should provide the patient with the same high level of quality and the same low risk level. The one-person surgery practice is able to offer the patient a classic "one client-one customer" relation. Thus, the continuity of treatment is optimal. On the other hand, intervening systemic complications are more easily managed by the multidisciplinary staff of a hospital with its equipment. The weaknesses of both principles can be counteracted by employing special precautions in organization. The future of surgery is to be seen in combined forms, for example, in-sourcing of a surgeon from private practice into a hospital. PMID:14991173

  6. Quality Assurance and School Monitoring in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching

    2007-01-01

    This study reports on the Hong Kong education quality assurance and school monitoring system. Three research questions were addressed: (1) Who controls the quality of school education in Hong Kong? (2) What strategies are used in the Hong Kong school education quality assurance process? (3) Agenda for Future Research on quality assurance and…

  7. [Quality assurance in occupational health services].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalak, J

    1996-01-01

    The general conditions influencing the quality assurance and audit in Polish occupational health services are presented. The factors promoting or hampering the implementation of quality assurance and audits are also discussed. The major influence on the transformation of Polish occupational health services in exorted by employers who are committed to cover the costs of the obligatory prophylactic examination of their employees. This is the factor which also contributes to the improvement of quality if services. The definitions of the most important terms are reviewed to highlight their accordance with the needs of occupational health services in Poland. The examples of audit are presented and the elements of selected methods of auditing are suggested to be adopted in Poland. PMID:8760511

  8. 7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS INTRODUCTION Quality Assurance § 90.102 Quality assurance review. (a) Each laboratory performing tests...

  9. Quality assurance for health and environmental chemistry: 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents the continuing quality assurance efforts of the Health and Environmental Chemistry Group at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The philosophy, methodology, and computing resources used by the quality assurance program to encompass the diversity of analytical chemistry practiced in the group are described. Included in the report are all quality assurance reference materials used, along with their certified or consensus concentrations, and all analytical chemistry quality assurance measurements made by HSE-9 during 1986. 27 refs., 3 figs

  10. Optimal Quality Assurance Systems for Agricultural Outputs

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Carriquiry; Babcock, Bruce A.; Roxana Carbone

    2003-01-01

    New quality assurance systems (QASs) are being put in place to facilitate the flow of information about agricultural and food products. But what constitutes a proper mix of public and private efforts in setting up QASs is an unsettled question. A better understanding of private sector incentives for setting up such systems will help clarify what role the public sector might have in establishing standards. We contribute to this understanding by modeling the optimal degree of "stringency" or as...

  11. Quality Assurance in the Japanese Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Sorin-George Toma; Shinji Naruo

    2009-01-01

    The higher education system represents a vital means for a country to nurture its economic development and social cohesion. All over the world there has been an increasing interest in quality assurance (QA) in higher education, reflecting both the growing importance of higher education services and their valuable contribution to societies. As higher education services moves beyond national borders, the need for international cooperation in QA have increased in the last decades. Moreover, ther...

  12. Evolving Principles of Office Quality Assurance

    OpenAIRE

    Norman, Lee A.

    1988-01-01

    The application of medical quality assurance principles to ambulatory patient care using the traditional methods of medical chart audit, process review, and physician education has yielded generally disappointing results in improving patient care and physician performance. Newer methods assist physicians by providing patient and medical reference data at the time of a patient's visit. Techniques for tracking treatment outcomes and patients' test results and for providing instructions to patie...

  13. Quality assurance of outsourced outlier mining

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yongjin; Liu, Ruilin; Wang, Hui Wendy; Monreale, Anna; Pedreschi, Dino; Giannotti, Fosca; Guo, Wenge

    2011-01-01

    Spurred by developments such as in cloud computing, there has been considerable recent interest in the paradigm of data mining-as-service. A company (data owner) lacking in expertise or computational resources can outsource its mining needs to a third-party service provider. However, as the service providers may not be fully trusted, a dishonest service provider may return inaccurate mining results to the database owner. In this paper, we study the problem of providing quality assurance for o...

  14. Quality assurance in radiochemical/radiopharmaceutical manufacturing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general overview of a good Quality Assurance program will be presented with specific references to Nordion International Inc.'s QA program. Topics to be covered will include: facilities, equipment, training, raw material testing, manufacturing control, finished product testing, records and archives. Nordion's audit procedures with resulting corrective actions and documentation procedures will be outlined. Examples will be given of statistical process control and the use of teams as a means of moving responsibility down the ladder

  15. Quality assurance of the computer code INDAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detailed aquatic dispersion and radiation exposure models are required in order to assess the radiological impact of routine aquatic discharges from nuclear power stations in the United Kingdom. Such models have been developed and incorporated in the computer program INDAR. This report describes the quality assurance procedures adopted in producing and testing the first release of the code, which was complied in November 1988 and is currently stored in the production load module PROD.INDAR.V10. (author)

  16. The quality assurance program at K & S

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slowey, T.W. [AAPM Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory, Nashville, TN (United States)

    1993-12-31

    K & S operates the largest and one of the most comprehensive Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratories (ADCLs) in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) secondary laboratory system. It offers calibrations covering energies from Grenz-Ray (0.03-mm Al) to cesium-137 and cobalt-60, brachytherapy source and well chamber calibrations for low-activity sources, and, recently, high-dose-rate iridium-192. The present Quality Assurance (QA) program at K & S began with the AAPM Guidelines for Accreditation (Task Group No. 22 and No. 3, 1989) and grew over the past 10 years to include all aspects of providing a private, self-supporting calibration service from a free-standing independent facility. Some aspects of the QA program were prompted by the requirements of the nuclear power industry while other parts were from national consensus standards or the experiences of staff. Redundancy and teamwork are the most important characteristics of this QA program. K & S has participated in a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) measurement quality assurance (MQA) program since 1982, and, in recent years, an ADCL intralaboratory intercomparison was conducted by Task Group 3 of the Radiation Therapy Committee of the AAPM. One measure of the credibility of a QA program is consistent performance on the MQA program and the ADCL intercomparisons over the past 10 years. An equally important measure of the ability of a program to assure quality results is the frequency of reported errors.

  17. Comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramaseshan, R [Radiation Physics Department, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9 (Canada); Heydarian, M [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5G 2M9 (Canada)

    2003-07-21

    We have used a commercially available high precision Lucy{sup TM} phantom to perform comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments. The quantitative evaluation of system uncertainties included imaging, planning and treatment delivery systems. The quality assurance tests showed that the well-defined targets were identified to within {+-}1 mm in all the imaging modalities. The pre-known target volumes were reproduced within 2 cm{sup 3} in both MR and CT. The planned target was delivered within 2% of the prescribed dose and to within 2 mm accuracy. The inaccuracy in the isocentre position at the Linac was less than 1.2 mm. The maximum error observed in the depth helmet was 0.5 mm and the overall uncertainty was within 0.23 mm. We have also established a quality assurance program based on the study and proposed the tolerance and the frequency of the tests required to be carried out. The tests were carried out using a Radionics planning system and delivered on a Varian Clinac 2100 linear accelerator machine. These tests also established a base line for future comparisons. (note)

  18. Operational excellence (six sigma) philosophy: Application to software quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lackner, M.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on operational excellence philosophy of six sigma applied to software quality assurance. This report outlines the following: goal of six sigma; six sigma tools; manufacturing vs administrative processes; Software quality assurance document inspections; map software quality assurance requirements document; failure mode effects analysis for requirements document; measuring the right response variables; and questions.

  19. Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education. ENQA Workshop Report 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Paul; Bergan, Sjur; Cassar, Daniela; Hamilton, Marlene; Soinila, Michele; Sursock, Andree; Uvalic-Trumbic, Stamenka; Williams, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The present report is the product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Bologna Seminar "Quality Assurance in Transnational Education: from words to action" hosted by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK) in London in December, 2008. The seminar discussed the current trends in Transnational landscapes, the…

  20. Development of an Instructional Quality Assurance Model in Nursing Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajpru, Haruthai; Pasiphol, Shotiga; Wongwanich, Suwimon

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an instructional quality assurance model in nursing science. The study was divided into 3 phases; (1) to study the information for instructional quality assurance model development (2) to develop an instructional quality assurance model in nursing science and (3) to audit and the assessment of the developed…

  1. Quality Assurance in Postgraduate Education. ENQA Workshop Report 12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitusikova, Alexandra; Bohrer, Janet; Borosic, Ivana; Costes, Nathalie; Edinsel, Kerim; Hollander, Karoline; Jacobsson, Gunilla; Jakopovic, Ivan Filip; Kearney, Mary-Louise; Mulder, Fred; Negyesi, Judith; Pietzonka, Manuel

    2010-01-01

    The present report follows an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Workshop on Quality Assurance and Postgraduate Education, hosted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ARACIS) in Brasov, Romania on 12-13 March 2009. The workshop was an excellent opportunity for ENQA members to exchange…

  2. Quality Assurance of Assessment and Moderation Discourses Involving Sessional Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grainger, Peter; Adie, Lenore; Weir, Katie

    2016-01-01

    Quality assurance is a major agenda in tertiary education. The casualisation of academic work, especially in teaching, is also a quality assurance issue. Casual or sessional staff members teach and assess more than 50% of all university courses in Australia, and yet the research in relation to the role sessional staff play in quality assurance of…

  3. Internal Quality Assurance System and Its Implementation in Kaunas College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misiunas, Mindaugas

    2007-01-01

    The article discusses the internal system of quality assurance and its implementation methods in Kaunas College. The issues of quality assurance are reviewed in the context of the European higher education area covering the three levels: European, national and institutional. The importance of quality assurance and its links with external…

  4. Quality assurance or neo-imperialism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adriansen, Hanne Kirstine; Madsen, Lene Møller

    2013-01-01

    intention to do the opposite. Hence, we want to address how to make quality assurance can be made without imposing Western epistemologies. We call for an appreciation of different knowledges instead of mainstreaming in the name of internationalisation and globalisation. Capacity building of higher education...... in developing countries should ensure a broader perspective of educational quality in order not to lose knowledge diversity and wisdom.......Capacity building within higher educational institutions in so-called developing countries is gaining momentum and likewise the research field ‘international education and development’. In this paper we address the question: How can we make capacity building of higher education in developing...

  5. Online Course Quality Assurance: Development of a Quality Checklist

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGahan, Steven J.; Jackson, Christina M.; Premer, Karen

    2015-01-01

    The University of Nebraska at Kearney's Online Course Checklist is the main instrument for assessing the quality of online courses at UNK. A number of issues were faced when developing and deploying this quality assurance checklist at a small four-year university. The process including development, implementation, and revision is discussed along…

  6. Measurement quality assurance for radioassay laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCurdy, D.E. [Yankee Atomic Environmental Laboratory, Boston, MA (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Until recently, the quality of U.S. radioassay laboratory services has been evaluated by a limited number of governmental measurement assurance programs (MAPs). The major programs have been limited to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). In 1988, an industry MAP was established for the nuclear power utility industry through the U.S. Council for Energy Awareness/National Institute of Standards and Technology (USCEA/NIST). This program functions as both a MAP for utility laboratories and/or their commercial contractor laboratories, and as a traceability program for the U.S. radioactive source manufacturers and the utility laboratories. Each of these generic MAPs has been initiated and is maintained to serve the specific needs of the sponsoring agency or organization. As a result, there is diversification in their approach, scope, requirements, and degree of traceability to NIST. In 1987, a writing committee was formed under the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) N42.2 committee to develop a standard to serve as the basis document for the creation of a national measurement quality assurance (MQA) program for radioassay laboratories in the U.S. The standard is entitled, {open_quotes}Measurement Quality Assurance For Radioassay Laboratories.{open_quotes} The document was developed to serve as a guide for MQA programs maintained for the specialized sectors of the radioassay community, such as bioassay, routine environmental monitoring, environmental restoration and waste management, radiopharmaceuticals, and nuclear facilities. It was the intent of the writing committee to develop a guidance document that could be utilized to establish a laboratory`s specific data quality objectives (DQOs) that govern the operational requirements of the radioassay process, including mandated protocols and recommendations.

  7. The role of quality assurance in future midwifery practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, J

    1993-08-01

    Recent recommendations have been made which would give midwives a more central role in maternity care and a greater degree of independence than they currently enjoy. This paper argues that midwives' current attitudes to quality assurance are incompatible with this enhanced role. Research conducted in three health districts is described, which explored the perceptions of nurses, midwives and managers towards quality assurance. The findings indicate that quality assurance (in whatever form that concept is operationalized) is a demonstration of accountability. For managers this accountability is primarily for the service as a whole, whilst nurses and midwives view their accountability as being owed to patients/clients. The main methodology which the study identified as being used for monitoring nursing care was the development and auditing of explicit standards. This approach has been actively promoted by the Royal College of Nursing, enabling nurses to regain control of the purely professional aspects of the nursing profession. Midwives in the study districts showed a marked reluctance to adopt such a strategy, taking the view that as independent practitioners consensus standards would be unacceptable. It is argued that this attitude is inconsistent with the basic principle that professionals are accountable for both demonstrating and developing the quality of professional practice. It is further suggested that midwives currently have an opportunity to regain professional control of midwifery practice, which will be lost unless they are prepared to take responsibility for evaluating the standards for which they are accountable. PMID:8376664

  8. Quality assurance in higher education: A review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan, Tricia

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present a general view and a brief literature review of the main aspects related to quality assurance in global higher education. It provides an overview of accreditation as a mechanism to ensure quality in higher education, examines models of QA, and explores the concept of quality. In addition, this paper provides a review of research on the effectiveness of quality assurance practices, with a particular focus on student involvement with quality assurance. In rev...

  9. Quality assurance: Importance of systems and standard operating procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manghani, Kishu

    2011-01-01

    It is mandatory for sponsors of clinical trials and contract research organizations alike to establish, manage and monitor their quality control and quality assurance systems and their integral standard operating procedures and other quality documents to provide high-quality products and services to fully satisfy customer needs and expectations. Quality control and quality assurance systems together constitute the key quality systems. Quality control and quality assurance are parts of quality management. Quality control is focused on fulfilling quality requirements, whereas quality assurance is focused on providing confidence that quality requirements are fulfilled. The quality systems must be commensurate with the Company business objectives and business model. Top management commitment and its active involvement are critical in order to ensure at all times the adequacy, suitability, effectiveness and efficiency of the quality systems. Effective and efficient quality systems can promote timely registration of drugs by eliminating waste and the need for rework with overall financial and social benefits to the Company. PMID:21584180

  10. Quality assurance for radiochemical measurements and monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1954, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor, the US Public Health Service, has operated an environmental radiation monitoring program in a 100,000 square mile region surrounding the Nevada Test Site and at former nuclear test sites in Alaska, Colorado, New Mexico, and Mississippi. This program is designed to measure levels and trends of radioactivity in the environment surrounding test areas, determine compliance with existing regulations, and protect the health and well-being of the public in the event of any accidental release of radioactive contaminants. Levels of radiation and radioactivity are assessed by sampling water, milk, and air; deploying thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs); measurements using pressurized ion chambers (PICs); and biological monitoring of both animals and humans. To ensure that all decisions and actions are supported by environmental measurement of known quality, the EPA requires a locally implemented quality assurance program. Elements of this program include: a quality assurance plan for each of the sampling networks; standard operating procedures for field monitors and analysts; and a routine review of all data by network auditors. To further test the validity of data, the radioanalytical laboratory regularly participates in EPA, Department of Energy (DOE), and World Health Organization (WHO) intercomparison studies

  11. Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans. This document is intended to be a basic road map to the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan documents (i.e., the guidance document for preparing Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determinations, management plan, and Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans). The implementing procedures, plans, and instructions are appropriate for the control of effluent monitoring plans requiring compliance with US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, state, and local requirements. This Quality Assurance Project Plan contains a matrix of organizational responsibilities, procedural resources from facility or site manuals used in the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, and a list of the analytes of interest and analytical methods for each facility preparing a Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan. 44 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs

  12. Power Supplies for Space Systems Quality Assurance by Sandia Laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannigan, R. L.; Harnar, R. R.

    1976-07-01

    The Sandia Laboratories` participation in Quality Assurance programs for Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators which have been used in space systems over the past 10 years is summarized. Basic elements of this QA program are briefly described and recognition of assistance from other Sandia organizations is included. Descriptions of the various systems for which Sandia has had the QA responsibility are presented, including SNAP 19 (Nimbus, Pioneer, Viking), SNAP 27 (Apollo), Transit, Multi Hundred Watt (LES 8/9 and MJS), and a new program, High Performance Generator Mod 3. The outlook for Sandia participation in RTG programs for the next several years is noted.

  13. [Quality assurance and quality improvement in medical practice. Part 3: Clinical audit in medical practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godény, Sándor

    2012-02-01

    The first two articles in the series were about the definition of quality in healthcare, the quality approach, the importance of quality assurance, the advantages of quality management systems and the basic concepts and necessity of evidence based medicine. In the third article the importance and basic steps of clinical audit are summarised. Clinical audit is an integral part of quality assurance and quality improvement in healthcare, that is the responsibility of any practitioner involved in medical practice. Clinical audit principally measures the clinical practice against clinical guidelines, protocols and other professional standards, and sometimes induces changes to ensure that all patients receive care according to principles of the best practice. The clinical audit can be defined also as a quality improvement process that seeks to identify areas for service improvement, develop and carry out plans and actions to improve medical activity and then by re-audit to ensure that these changes have an effect. Therefore, its aims are both to stimulate quality improvement interventions and to assess their impact in order to develop clinical effectiveness. At the end of the article key points of quality assurance and improvement in medical practice are summarised.

  14. Flight Dynamics Mission Support and Quality Assurance Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, InHwan

    1996-01-01

    This paper summarizes the method of the Computer Sciences Corporation Flight Dynamics Operation (FDO) quality assurance approach to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Flight Dynamics Support Branch. Historically, a strong need has existed for developing systematic quality assurance using methods that account for the unique nature and environment of satellite Flight Dynamics mission support. Over the past few years FDO has developed and implemented proactive quality assurance processes applied to each of the six phases of the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle: systems and operations concept, system requirements and specifications, software development support, operations planing and training, launch support, and on-orbit mission operations. Rather than performing quality assurance as a final step after work is completed, quality assurance has been built in as work progresses in the form of process assurance. Process assurance activities occur throughout the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle. The FDO Product Assurance Office developed process checklists for prephase process reviews, mission team orientations, in-progress reviews, and end-of-phase audits. This paper will outline the evolving history of FDO quality assurance approaches, discuss the tailoring of Computer Science Corporations's process assurance cycle procedures, describe some of the quality assurance approaches that have been or are being developed, and present some of the successful results.

  15. Quality Assurance: Strategic Choices for Higher Education in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut ÖZER

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As the number of students and higher education institutions in the world increases and there is a growing difficulty in financing the higher education systems, decision-makers have begun to show more interest in quality assurance. As quality assurance is given special attention in European countries, developing countries such as Turkey are interested in importing quality assurance systems. It is not possible to set quality assurance without sensitivity toward quality and without having quality as a cultural practice. The most likely encountered quality assurance approach in the world is that the higher education institution itself is responsible for its quality. In addition, external quality assurance procedures used are based on (academic peer review rather than on bureaucratic evaluations. Moreover, there is a lively debate across the world regarding the bureaucratic regulations of the quality assurance agencies and institutions that restrict the autonomy of higher education institutions. Without taking into consideration of the existing centralized structure of the higher education system in Turkey, of meeting social demands for the higher education, and of current higher education enrollment rates, the possible establishment of a quality assurance mechanism that may have sanctions on universities in Turkey is a threat to already limited autonomy of universities and is having a risk of additional bureaucratic burden. By laying out the roles and responsibilities of Turkish Council of Higher Education, the government and universities, this article discusses policies that should be adopted regarding the quality assurance.

  16. Reference dosimetry and measurement quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements of absorbed dose made by a reference dosimetry system, such as alanine, have been suggested for achieving quality assurance through traceability to primary standards. Such traceability can assist users of radiation worldwide in enhancing quality control in medicine, agriculture, and industry. International and national standards of absorbed dose are still needed for applications of γ-ray and electron dosimetry at high doses (e.g. radiation therapy, food irradiation and industrial radiation processing). Reference systems, such as ferrous sulfate dosimeters measured by spectrophotometry and alanine measured by electron spin resonance spectrometry are already well established. Another useful reference system for high doses is supplied as dichromate solutions measured by spectrophotometry. Reference dosimetry, particularly for electron beams, can be accomplished with thin alanine or radiochromic dye film dosemeters. (author)

  17. Quality assurance and quality control in the radon measurement industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the release of survey results by the consumer advocacy group BUYERS-UP, QA/QC has bee the buzz word among everyone involved with Radon/Radon Decay Product measurement. This paper presents a discussion in generality of the roles of Quality Assurance and Quality Control in the Radon Measurement Industry, the strengths and weaknesses of QA/QC in radon measurement and the significance of research in QA/QC for radon measurement

  18. Role and Position of the Modern Quality Assurance Manager

    OpenAIRE

    Annet G J Velthuis; Beek, Cees; Vriend, Hanneke; Bombeeck, Frank; Luning, Pieternel A.; Damman, Hans

    2012-01-01

    Quality assurance management in the food industry is complex, as it is the total of activities and decisions performed in an organisation to produce and maintain a safe product with the desired quality level against minimal costs (Luning, 2006). It includes: i) quality design, ii) quality control, iii) quality improvement, iv) quality assurance, and v) quality policy and strategy (Luning, 2007, 2009). Hence, it deals not only with all physical aspects of food products and their technological ...

  19. Building High-Performing and Improving Education Systems: Quality Assurance and Accountability. Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Liz

    2013-01-01

    Monitoring, evaluation, and quality assurance in their various forms are seen as being one of the foundation stones of high-quality education systems. De Grauwe, writing about "school supervision" in four African countries in 2001, linked the decline in the quality of basic education to the cut in resources for supervision and support.…

  20. Standard guide for establishing a quality assurance program for uranium conversion facilities

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2004-01-01

    1.1 This guide provides guidance and recommended practices for establishing a comprehensive quality assurance program for uranium conversion facilities. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate health and safety practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.3 The basic elements of a quality assurance program appear in the following order: FUNCTION SECTION Organization 5 Quality Assurance Program 6 Design Control 7 Instructions, Procedures & Drawings 8 Document Control 9 Procurement 10 Identification and Traceability 11 Processes 12 Inspection 13 Control of Measuring and Test Equipment 14 Handling, Storage and Shipping 15 Inspection, Test and Operating Status 16 Control of Nonconforming Items 17 Corrective Actions 18 Quality Assurance Records 19 Audits 20 TABLE 1 NQA-1 Basic Requirements Relat...

  1. Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folkert Boersma, K.; Muller, Jan-Peter

    2015-04-01

    Satellite data are of central interest to the QA4ECV project. Satellites have revolutionized the Earth's observation system of climate change and air quality over the past three decades, providing continuous data for the entire Earth. However, many users of these data are lost in the fog as to the quality of these satellite data. Because of this, the European Union expressed in its 2013 FP7 Space Research Call a need for reliable, traceable, and understandable quality information on satellite data records that could serve as a blueprint contribution to a future Copernicus Climate Change Service. The potential of satellite data to benefit climate change and air quality services is too great to be ignored. QA4ECV therefore bridges the gap between end-users of satellite data and the satellite data products. We are developing an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that provides understandable and traceable quality information for satellite data used in climate and air quality services. Such a framework should deliver the historically linked long-term data sets that users need, in a format that they can readily use. QA4ECV has approached more than 150 users and suppliers of satellite data to collect their needs and expectations. The project will use their response as a guideline for developing user-friendly tools to obtain information on the completeness, accuracy, and fitness-for-purpose of the satellite datasets. QA4ECV collaborates with 4 joint FP7 Space projects in reaching out to scientists, policy makers, and other end-users of satellite data to improve understanding of the special challenges -and also opportunities- of working with satellite data for climate and air quality purposes. As a demonstration of its capacity, QA4ECV will generate multi-decadal climate data records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, leaf area index and absorbed photosynthetically active

  2. Assurance of quality in the diagnostic X-ray department

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A handbook has been prepared on the 'Assurance of Quality in the Diagnostic X-ray Department'. Part 1 discusses applied techniques which covers organization and methods, reject analysis, radiation protection, status tests, tolerance limits, practical tests for X-ray equipment and electrical and mechanical safety. Part 2 discusses the systematic approach to quality assurance. Part 3 discusses quality assurance for computed tomography, magnetic resource imaging systems and digital subtraction angiography. (U.K.)

  3. Study on Integrated Quality Assurance System in CIMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Integrated Quality Assurance System (IQAS) is an important part of CIMS.This paper introduces the architecture of IQAS,elaborates the philosophy of quality assurance and quality control in CIMS.A type of function model is proposed.Meanwhile, details of the model are described.

  4. Quality assurance in genetic testing: a European perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dolores Ibarreta; Line Matthiessen-Guyader

    2006-01-01

    Genetic testing has moved rapidly from research to clinical use and the issues of quality have not always received sufficient attention. In response to these needs to improve the overall quality assurance system for genetic testing and services there have been several international initiatives that are reviewed here. The main activities at European level towards improving the quality assurance of genetic testing are described.

  5. PET/CT instrumentation: Quality assurance and quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Improvement in quality assurance in Nuclear Medicine and in particular, in quality control of related equipment is a major field of interest of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Several technical documents pertaining to scintigraphic imaging have been published and are being used as reference manuals by many professionals in the field (e.g., TECDOC 317, TECDOC 602, STI/PUB 1141). Positron emission tomography (PET) scanners and related performance assessment and quality control were not included in the previously published documents, as PET has been mainly a research tool, with limited worldwide distribution until the 90's. The tremendous role played presently by PET and PET/CT in whole-body oncology for lesion detection, staging and follow-up as well as the increasing role for PET in cardiology and neurology, associated with increasing reimbursement of multiple PET indications have prompted the need for updated guidelines specific to PET and PET/CT in terms of acceptance testing as well as quality control and assurance. The aim of this work is to present an overview of acceptance testing and quality assurance and control for PET and PET/CT

  6. Quality assurance for health and environmental chemistry: 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents the continuing quality assurance efforts of the Health and Environmental Chemistry Group (HSE-9) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The philosophy, methodology, computing resources, and laboratory information management system used by the quality assurance program to encompass the diversity of analytical chemistry practiced in the group are described. Included in the report are all quality assurance reference materials used, along with their certified or consensus concentrations, and all analytical chemistry quality assurance measurements made by HSE-9 during 1989. 38 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs

  7. Medical radio-physics. Quality assurance. Transparency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This short presentation, given by the national safety authority (ASN) at the meeting of July 1, 2009 of the high committee for the nuclear safety transparency and information (HCTISN), recalls, first, the missions of the ASN in the medical domain (radiation protection, control and inspections). Then it presents the reactions of the ASN in response to the increase of the number of radiological accidents since 2005: regulation reminder, circular letters, guidebooks, communication to the public and to the mass media. Finally, it defines the main priorities of the ASN with respect to radiotherapy: increase of human resources (radio-physicists shortage), declaration of incidents/accidents, quality assurance for the control of radiation doses delivered to patients, inspection of radiotherapy centres, expertise of new devices, improvement of softwares safety and ergonomics. (J.S.)

  8. Quality assurance: is it professional insurance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lees, G D; Richman, J; Salauroo, M A; Warden, S

    1987-11-01

    Quality assurance (QA) is being hailed as a 'new frontier' of nursing. Its diffusion into nursing theory and practice in the United Kingdom is outlined. QA is not an alien import; favourable preconditions already existed. The systems-reasoning of the nursing process, which sprawned a plethora of models, each geared to the 'orderly' progression of stages, objectives and process, is resonant with the values and measurement techniques of QA. A major limitation of QA is that it downplays the organizational complexity of hospitals. Although QA is projected as being in the service of clients, its major impetus is concerned with professional self-defence, as regards other professions, the state and litigious clients. Further, QA enlisted by nursing strongly reproduces the ethos and logic of the dominant medical model; patients are 'objectified' as the technical products of production. The 'medical gaze' is now being joined with the 'nursing gaze'. PMID:3693730

  9. Quality assurance auditing for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides requirements and recommendations for establishing and implementing a system of internal and external audits during the design, manufacture, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power plants. It provides for the planning, performance, reporting and follow-up of the quality assurance audit activity. It defines in general terms the responsibilities of the auditing and audited organizations. The Guide also covers auditing in the context of supplier evaluation; it does not include inspection for the sole purpose of process control or product acceptance. Like the Code, the present Guide was prepared as part of the IAEA's programme, referred to as the NUSS programme, for establishing Codes of Practice and Safety Guides relating to land-based stationary thermal neutron power plants

  10. Critique of Traditional Quality Assurance Paradigm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiotherapy was one of the first medical specialties to incorporate quality assurance (QA) into routine practices. Over the years, QA has become more comprehensive and time consuming. Following all the recommended QA procedures would burden the resources of most physics staffs. Much of the QA in recommendations serves no effective role. Performing all appropriate QA for the treatment units does not necessarily prevent events that result in patient injury. Equipment failures that have produced injury often occur with no warning. The human reactions to such failures will determine whether injury will follow. In addition, most events occur, not because of equipment failures, but because of human actions. Effective QA needs to consider procedures, rather than just equipment, and the human actions and interactions required for safe execution. New approaches address this problem

  11. SAPHIRE 8 Volume 6 - Quality Assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt

    2011-03-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 8, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes. In addition, this document describes the Independent Verification and Validation that was conducted for Version 8 as part of an overall QA process.

  12. Quality assurance for particle beam therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In radiation therapy, it is essential that a prescribed target area is irradiated with the prescribed dose concentration to reduce the possibility cancer reoccurrence or to mitigate its side effects. Particle beam therapy is a high accuracy radiation therapy, which has superior characteristics. Specifically, a high dose region, namely, Bragg peak formed around the beam stopping point can be adjusted to the target volume. The routine of particle beam therapy should be performed with various verifications, called quality assurance(QA), at its each step, i.e., treatment planning, dosimetry, patient positioning and respiratory gating system. Each particle beam therapy facility should have and conduct its own QA program. Methods and materials for the QA should be developed according to the progress of techniques in particle beam therapy. (author)

  13. Quality assurance of ECCS in nuclear reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Size and shape of split or rupture in clad increases the whole body radiation exposure to the staff of the nuclear reactors. Suggests that a plant operating with 0.125 percent pin-hole fuel cladding defects showed a general five-fold increase in whole-body radiation exposure rates in some areas of the plant when compared to a sister plant with high-integrity fuel. Therefore Quality Assurance (QA) checks on Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) in Nuclear Reactors are very important to ensure minimum radiation hazard during Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA). These checks will protect environment and public from radiation to great extent. The rate of rise of fuel temperature subsequent to LOCA should be lower than 5.5℃/s

  14. Exploratory Shaft Facility quality assurance impact evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report addresses the impact of the quality assurance practices used for the Exploratory Shaft Facility (ESF) design, and construction in licensing as part of the repository. Acceptance criteria used for evaluating the suitability of ESF QA practices are based on documents that had not been invoked for repository design or construction activities at the time of this evaluation. This report identifies the QA practices necessary for ESF design and construction licensability. A review and evaluation of QA practices for ESF design and construction resulted in the following conclusions. QA practices were found to be acceptable with a few exceptions. QA practices for construction activities were found to be insufficiently documented in implementing procedures to allow a full and effective evaluation for licensing purposes. Recommendations are provided for mitigating impacts to ensure compatibility of the QA practices with those considered necessary for repository licensing. 8 refs., 3 tabs

  15. Quality assurance for software important to safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Software applications play an increasingly relevant role in nuclear power plant systems. This is particularly true of software important to safety used in both: calculations for the design, testing and analysis of nuclear reactor systems (design, engineering and analysis software); and monitoring, control and safety functions as an integral part of the reactor systems (monitoring, control and safety system software). Computer technology is advancing at a fast pace, offering new possibilities in nuclear reactor design, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and decommissioning. These advances also present new issues which must be considered both by the utility and by the regulatory organization. Refurbishment of ageing instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants and new safety related application areas have emerged, with direct (e.g. interfaces with safety systems) and indirect (e.g. operator intervention) implications for safety. Currently, there exist several international standards and guides on quality assurance for software important to safety. However, none of the existing documents provides comprehensive guidance to the developer, manager and regulator during all phases of the software life-cycle. The present publication was developed taking into account the large amount of available documentation, the rapid development of software systems and the need for updated guidance on how to do it. It provides information and guidance for defining and implementing quality assurance programmes covering the entire life-cycle of software important to safety. Expected users are managers, performers and assessors from nuclear utilities, regulatory bodies, suppliers and technical support organizations involved with the development and use of software applied in nuclear power plants

  16. Accidents in radiotherapy: Lack of quality assurance?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    About 150 radiological accidents, involving more than 3000 patients with adverse effects, 15 patient's fatalities and about 5000 staff and public exposures have been collected and analysed. Out of 67 analysed accidents in external beam therapy 22% has been caused by wrong calculation of the exposure time or monitor units, 13% by inadequate review of patient's chart, 12% by mistakes in the anatomical area to be treated. The remaining 35% can be attributed to 17 different causes. The most common mistakes in brachytherapy were wrong activities of sources used for treatment (20%), inadequate procedures for placement of sources applicators (14%), mistakes in calculating the treatment time (12%), etc. The direct and contributing causes of radiological accidents have been deduced from each event, when it was possible and categorized into 9 categories: mistakes in procedures (30%), professional mistakes (17%), communication mistakes (15%), lack of training (8.5%), interpretation mistakes (7%), lack of supervision (6%), mistakes in judgement (6%), hardware failures (5%), software and other mistakes (5.5%). Three types of direct and contributing causes responsible for almost 62% of all accidents are directly connected to the quality assurance of treatment. The lessons learnt from the accidents are related to frequencies of direct and contributing factors and show that most of the accident are caused by lack, non-application of quality assurance (QA) procedures or by underestimating of QA procedures. The international system for collection of accidents and dissemination of lessons learnt from the different accidents, proposed by IAEA, can contribute to better practice in many radiotherapy departments. Most of the accidents could have been avoided, had a comprehensive QA programme been established and properly applied in all radiotherapy departments, whatever the size. (author)

  17. Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peppler, RA; Kehoe, KE; Sonntag, KL; Bahrmann, CP; Richardson, SJ; Christensen, SW; McCord, RA; Doty, DJ; Wagener, Richard [BNL; Eagan, RC; Lijegren, JC; Orr, BW; Sisterson, DL; Halter, TD; Keck, NN; Long, CN; Macduff, MC; Mather, JH; Perez, RC; Voyles, JW; Ivey, MD; Moore, ST; Nitschke, DL; Perkins, BD; Turner, DD

    2008-03-01

    This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

  18. Developing a quality assurance program for online services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphries, A W; Naisawald, G V

    1991-07-01

    A quality assurance (QA) program provides not only a mechanism for establishing training and competency standards, but also a method for continuously monitoring current service practices to correct shortcomings. The typical QA cycle includes these basic steps: select subject for review, establish measurable standards, evaluate existing services using the standards, identify problems, implement solutions, and reevaluate services. The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library (CMHSL) developed a quality assurance program for online services designed to evaluate services against specific criteria identified by research studies as being important to customer satisfaction. These criteria include reliability, responsiveness, approachability, communication, and physical factors. The application of these criteria to the library's existing online services in the quality review process is discussed with specific examples of the problems identified in each service area, as well as the solutions implemented to correct deficiencies. The application of the QA cycle to an online services program serves as a model of possible interventions. The use of QA principles to enhance online service quality can be extended to other library service areas.

  19. Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hyatt, J.E.

    1997-09-25

    Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements

  20. Quality assurance for reliability of nuclear components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A few aspects of quality assurance programme implemented by the Walchandnagar Industries Ltd. in the manufacture of nuclear reactor components are discussed with typical illustrations. The aspects discussed are inspection planning and process control, use of mockups and trials to develop special knowledge and skills required for some operations, capability testing of machines and quality measurement. These aspects are illustrated by explaining the cases of: (1) shrink fitting of slab-sub-assembly into the sub-assembly of hat for end shield, (2) use of mock-up to control the amount of rolling in rolling of lattice tubes in the tube sheets of end shields, mock-up for testing weld joints between lattice tubes and tube sheets and a mock-up to control distortion during welding of pump guide of expansion tank of sodium pump for the Fast Breeder Test Reactor, Kalpakkam, (3) checks carried out on the horizontal borer for maching dump tank and (4) quality measurement of concentricity of both ends of the fixed vessel of sodium pump. (M.G.B.)

  1. Quality assurance standards for purchasing and inventory control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, D P

    1985-03-01

    A process is described for quality assurance in pharmaceutical purchasing and inventory control. A quality assurance program should ensure that quality drugs are purchased at the lowest price, drug products are available when needed, the system is managed efficiently, internal controls are provided, drug products are stored under appropriate conditions, and laws, regulations, accreditation standards, and procedures are followed. To meet these objectives, product quality, vendor performance, the department's system of internal controls, purchasing data, and storage conditions should be monitored. A checklist for evaluating purchasing and inventory practices and a sample audit form listing quality assurance criteria, standards, procedures, and recommended actions are provided. A quality assurance program for pharmaceutical purchasing and inventory control should define institution-specific criteria and standards and use these standards for continual evaluation of all aspects of the purchasing and inventory control system. Documentation of quality assurance activities should be provided for use by the purchasing department, hospital administration, and regulatory bodies. PMID:3985026

  2. The new advances in radiotherapy technique challenges of quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    accelerator and the couch is moved remotely. 10 Physicists need to be trained on: OBI system as a new modality. OBI calibrations. Basic OBI maintenance and QA. Plan preparation for use with OBI. Clinical functionality using kV/kV and MV/kV matching. Marker Match workspace, and Third party software use with the OBI. Radiotherapists need to be trained on: How the OBI system communicates with the Clinic and the verification system. How to use the OBI system. Basic morning QA procedures. How to acquire KV and MV images. How to perform a marker match utilizing 3D image sets from Pinnacle Summary Program of Quality assurance need to be established for maintaining of quality for OBI system. Primary focus on geometric accuracy and precision, secondary focus on dose and image quality. An integrated daily check should be implemented into routine clinical use with a 15 minute time penalty. Training for the staff is required to achieve the benefits of the new technology and guarantee the proper use on time

  3. Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction: The Czech thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network was established in 1997. Its aim is to pursue a regular independent quality audit in Czech radiotherapy centres and to support state supervision. Materials and methods: The audit is realised via mailed TL dosimetry. The TLD system consists of encapsulated LiF:Mg,Ti powder (type MT-N) read with Harshaw manual reader model 4000. Basic mode of the TLD audit covers measurements under reference conditions, specifically beam calibration checks for all clinically used photon and electron beams. Advanced mode consists of measurements under both reference and non-reference conditions using a solid multipurpose phantom ('Leuven phantom') for photon beams. The radiotherapy centres are instructed to deliver to the TLD on central beam axis absorbed dose of 2 Gy calculated with their treatment planning system for a particular treatment set-up. The TLD measured doses are compared with the calculated ones. Deviations of ±3% are considered acceptable for both basic and advanced mode of the audit. Results: There are 34 radiotherapy centres in the Czech Republic. They undergo the basic mode of the TLD audit regularly every 2 years. If a centre shows a deviation outside the acceptance level, it is audited more often. Presently, most of the checked beams comply with the acceptance level. The advanced TLD audit has been implemented as a pilot study for the present. The results were mostly within the acceptance limit for the measurements on-axis, whereas for off-axis points they fell beyond the limit more frequently, especially for set-ups with inhomogeneities, oblique incidence and wedges. Conclusions: The results prove the importance of the national TLD quality assurance network. It has contributed to the improvement of clinical dosimetry in the Czech Republic. In addition, it helps the regulatory authority to monitor effectively and regularly radiotherapy centres

  4. Quality assurance of the bentonite material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes a quality assurance chain for the bentonite material acquisition for a nuclear waste disposal repository. Chemical, mineralogical and geotechnical methods, which may be applied in quality control of bentonite are shortly reviewed. As a case study, many of the presented control studies were performed for six different bentonite samples. Chemical analysis is a very reliable research method to control material homogeneity, because the accuracy and repeatability of the study method is extremely good. Accurate mineralogical study of bentonite is a complicated task. X-ray diffractometry is the best method to identify smectite minerals, but quantitative analysis of smectite content remains uncertain. To obtain a better quantitative analysis, development of techniques based on automatic image analysis of SEM images is proposed. General characteristics of bentonite can be obtained by rapid indicator tests, which can be done on the place of reception. These tests are methylene blue test giving information on the cation exchange capacity, swelling index and determination of water absorption. Different methods were used in the determination of cation exchange capacity (CEC) of bentonite. The results indicated differences both between methodologies and between replicate determinations for the same material and method. Additional work should be done to improve the reliability and reproducibility of the methodology. Bentonite contains water in different modes. Thus, different determination methods are used in bentonite studies and they give somewhat dissimilar results. Clay research use frequently the so-called consistency tests (liquid limit, plastic limit and plasticity index). This study method does, however, not seem to be very practical in quality control of bentonite. Therefore, only the determination of liquid limit with fall-cone method is recommended for quality control. (orig.)

  5. Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site

  6. Quality Assurance in South Africa: A Reply to John Mammen

    Science.gov (United States)

    le Grange, L.

    2006-01-01

    In this article I point out that prominence given to higher education quality assurance by contemporary states might be viewed in the context of the ascendance of neoliberalism over the past few decades and a concomitant culture of performativity. However, I argue for a shift in the angle of vision on performativity and quality assurance through a…

  7. Quality assurance in fabrication of boilers and pressure vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality assurance for safety and reliability of boilers and pressure vessels is a systematic approach involving various stages right from material identification to final stages of testing, transportation and storage before commissioning. This paper brings out various quality . Assurance aspects to be implemented by manufacturers of boilers and pressure vessels. 1 fig

  8. Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework: A Critical Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heap, James

    2013-01-01

    Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework (QAF) is reviewed and found not to meet all five criteria proposed for a strong quality assurance system focused on student learning. The QAF requires a statement of student learning outcomes and a method and means of assessing those outcomes, but it does not require that data on achievement of intended…

  9. Quality assurance standards of nuclear equipment and international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper analyses the quality assurance system; it briefly defines the meaning of this concept and assesses the status of quality assurance in France. The author also reviews the problems and difficulties encountered in the setting up of this system. (NEA)

  10. 21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Radiologic quality assurance instrument. 892.1940 Section 892.1940 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... instrument. (a) Identification. A radiologic quality assurance instrument is a device intended for...

  11. Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

    2012-01-01

    In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

  12. The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

    2011-01-01

    Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

  13. Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vance, L.M.

    1993-07-01

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

  14. Quality assurance of absorbed energy in Charpy impact test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, C. L. F.; Fabricio, D. A. K.; Costa, V. M.; Reguly, A.

    2016-07-01

    In order to ensure the quality assurance and comply with standard requirements, an intralaboratory study has been performed for impact Charpy tests, involving two operators. The results based on ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) and Normalized Error statistical techniques pointed out that the execution of the tests is appropriate, because the implementation of quality assurance methods showed acceptable results.

  15. Quality assurance and evidence in career guidance in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plant, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Quality assurance and evidence in career guidance in Europe is based on a particular, positivtic model. Other approaches are largely neglected.......Quality assurance and evidence in career guidance in Europe is based on a particular, positivtic model. Other approaches are largely neglected....

  16. Quality assurance and yield improvement in photomask fabrication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, Takashi

    2000-07-01

    Photomask used in aspect of semiconductor is called on 'No.0 process in wafer' or 'Key-parts', so that we are required to make it with Hi-reliability and Hi-quality level. On the other hand, its problem that cost of Photomask Fabrication jumps because machine price, inspection tool, and inspection steps in leading-edge are increasing. For decreasing what we call 'cost of quality assurance', its policy is significant that quality management in photomask production line is equal quality assurance in photomask, in addition improvement process capability. This report clears the requirement of customer, specification, and the problem, introduces quality assurance and yield improvement in photomask fabrication.

  17. The management role in quality assurance and utilization review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation covers a variety of concepts concerning quality assurance and utilization review as they relate to health care in general and, specifically, to radiology. Quality assurance has been a major part of health care for several years and has developed into the primary objective of the Joint Commission for the Accreditation of Hospitals. The historical perspective, an analysis of its changes, and how the process is currently used are presented. An opinion is then given on the future utility of quality assurance and how it may help or hinder health care. The topic of utilization review is also discussed, and an attempt is made to share the importance of the relationship between the review process and quality assurance. Finally, some practical suggestions are given on how quality assurance and utilization review can be used to identify existing or potential problems in radiology, how they can be monitored and corrected, and a practical system for follow-up

  18. Quality Assurance Standards for Symptomatic Breast Disease Services

    OpenAIRE

    Department of Health

    2007-01-01

    Quality Assurance Standards for Symptomatic Breast Disease Services People in Ireland have a right to expect that medical care be of good quality. They expect that standards of care are consistently high. They expect that access to care is easy, speedy, effective and efficient. Society expects quality of care to measure up to international norms of good practice. Such assurance can be given by auditing the quality of activity. Click here to download PDF 606kb

  19. Tool Use Within NASA Software Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigeta, Denise; Port, Dan; Nikora, Allen P.; Wilf, Joel

    2013-01-01

    As space mission software systems become larger and more complex, it is increasingly important for the software assurance effort to have the ability to effectively assess both the artifacts produced during software system development and the development process itself. Conceptually, assurance is a straightforward idea - it is the result of activities carried out by an organization independent of the software developers to better inform project management of potential technical and programmatic risks, and thus increase management's confidence in the decisions they ultimately make. In practice, effective assurance for large, complex systems often entails assessing large, complex software artifacts (e.g., requirements specifications, architectural descriptions) as well as substantial amounts of unstructured information (e.g., anomaly reports resulting from testing activities during development). In such an environment, assurance engineers can benefit greatly from appropriate tool support. In order to do so, an assurance organization will need accurate and timely information on the tool support available for various types of assurance activities. In this paper, we investigate the current use of tool support for assurance organizations within NASA, and describe on-going work at JPL for providing assurance organizations with the information about tools they need to use them effectively.

  20. Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area: The Emergence of a German Market for Quality Assurance Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano-Velarde, Kathia E.

    2008-01-01

    Most European countries have introduced systematic quality assurance as part of an overall governance reform aimed at enhancing universities' autonomy. Researchers and economic entrepreneurs tend, however, to underestimate the political dimension of accreditation and evaluation when they consider the contribution of quality assurance to the…

  1. Optical quality assurance of GEM foils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis software was developed for the high aspect ratio optical scanning system in the Detector Laboratory of the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki Institute of Physics. The system is used e.g. in the quality assurance of the GEM-TPC detectors being developed for the beam diagnostics system of the SuperFRS at future FAIR facility. The software was tested by analyzing five CERN standard GEM foils scanned with the optical scanning system. The measurement uncertainty of the diameter of the GEM holes and the pitch of the hole pattern was found to be 0.5μm and 0.3μm, respectively. The software design and the performance are discussed. The correlation between the GEM hole size distribution and the corresponding gain variation was studied by comparing them against a detailed gain mapping of a foil and a set of six lower precision control measurements. It can be seen that a qualitative estimation of the behavior of the local variation in gain across the GEM foil can be made based on the measured sizes of the outer and inner holes

  2. QART - the CERN facility for quality assurance

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2011-01-01

    How would your detector perform in a very high magnetic field? Or at 60°C and high humidity? Will it work for 10 or more years? Answering these questions requires specialised and thorough testing. This can be done at the Quality Assurance and Reliability Testing Laboratory (QART) - a top-notch testing facility based at CERN, providing invaluable support for CERN projects. The QART lab has become a service in 2011, and invites all projects to use its equipment and expertise.   A portable high-sensitivity infra-red thermal imaging video camera (top left) is used to observe the thermal profile of a silicon strip sensor (top right). The thermal images taken before (bottom left) and after (bottom right) applying voltage to the device clearly show a hot spot developing on the sensor, indicating a serious defect. The infra-red camera is an example of the variety of sophisticated equipment in the QART lab available to CERN projects for the analysis of problems and enviro...

  3. Manual on quality assurance programme auditing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this Manual is to provide guidance and illustrative examples of the methodology and techniques of internal and external audits that are consistent with the requirements and recommendations of the Code and the Safety Guide. The methodology and techniques are based on the practices of Member States having considerable experience in auditing QA programmes. This Manual is directed primarily towards QA programme auditors and managers and presents methods and techniques considered appropriate for the preparation and performance of audits and the evaluation of results. Its scope includes the techniques and methods used to carry out QA programme audits variously described as 'System', 'Product' and 'Process' audits. The techniques and methods described here may be used as one approach to the evaluation of suppliers' QA capabilities as defined in 50-SG-QA10. Although the Manual is primarily directed towards purchasers and suppliers, it is also relevant to regulatory organizations, such as government offices responsible for quality assurance, which carry out external audits independent of purchasers and suppliers. In such cases similar methods, procedures and techniques may be used

  4. Radiation Dosimetry Management: Quality Assurance and Investigations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In a litigation-prone society, it is prudent for any business to evaluate its potential exposure to legal action, initiated by either an employee or a member of the general public. This potential is exacerbated when the phobia of radiation exposure and radioactive materials is interjected into the equation. This phobia is fuelled by the perceived risks of radiation exposure, be they fact or fantasy. With the current cancer incidence rate being approximately 1 in every 2.5 individuals (for all types of cancer), it is imperative that all facilities take a proactive look at their business vulnerability. When radiation exposure is the issue, records documentation is a critical factor, and a significant amount of effort should be expended to implement a comprehensive records management system. A comprehensive Radiation Dosimetry Management Program is essential if a business is going to mitigate any regulatory or legal intervention. This lecture will address appropriate Records Quality Assurance, and, the appropriate requirements for investigations of dosimetry results. (author)

  5. An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

    2012-01-01

    This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

  6. Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

  7. QAM: PROPOSED MODEL FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN CBSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latika Kharb

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Component-based software engineering (CBSE / Component-Based Development (CBD lays emphasis on decomposition of the engineered systems into functional or logical components with well-defined interfaces used for communication across the components. Component-based software development approach is based on the idea to develop software systems by selecting appropriate off-the-shelf components and then to assemble them with a well-defined software architecture. Because the new software development paradigm is much different from the traditional approach, quality assurance for component-based software development is a new topic in the software engineering research community. Because component-based software systems are developed on an underlying process different from that of the traditional software, their quality assurance model should address both the process of components and the process of the overall system. Quality assurance for component-based software systems during the life cycle is used to analyze the components for achievement of high quality component-based software systems. Although some Quality assurance techniques and component based approach to software engineering have been studied, there is still no clear and well-defined standard or guidelines for component-based software systems. Therefore, identification of the quality assurance characteristics, quality assurance models, quality assurance tools and quality assurance metrics, are under urgent need. As a major contribution in this paper, I have proposed QAM: Quality Assurance Model for component-based software development, which covers component requirement analysis, component development, component certification, component architecture design, integration, testing, and maintenance.

  8. Uml Alanysis For Quality Assurance Management System for Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmud Kandel; Hassan, Ahmed E.; Aziza. S. Asem,; Mohamed E. Ibrahim

    2010-01-01

    One of the most important concerns of the current institutions of higher education is the management process to ensure quality. The most important problems facing these institutions is the quality assurance evaluation process. One of the best ways to overcome this problem building a system based on a computer to manage that process. We will define this system as "a Quality Assurance Management system For Higher Education (QAMS)". During this paper we will explain our vision and analysis to bu...

  9. Implementation of benchmark management in quality assurance audit activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of Benchmark Management is that the practices of the best competitor are taken as benchmark, to analyze and study the distance between that competitor and the institute, and take efficient actions to catch up and even exceed the competitor. This paper analyzes and rebuilds all the process for quality assurance audit with the concept of Benchmark Management, based on the practices during many years of quality assurance audits, in order to improve the level and effect of quality assurance audit activities. (author)

  10. Quality Assurance Tests of the CMS Endcap RPCs

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Ijaz; Hamid Ansari, M; Irfan Asghar, M; Asghar, Sajjad; Awan, Irfan Ullah; Butt, Jamila; Hoorani, Hafeez R; Hussain, Ishtiaq; Khurshid, Taimoor; Muhammad, Saleh; Shahzad, Hassan; Aftab, Zia; Iftikhar, Mian; Khan, Mohammad Khalid; Saleh, M

    2008-01-01

    In this note, we have described the quality assurance tests performed for endcap Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) at two different sites, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and National Centre for Physics (NCP), in Pakistan. This paper describes various quality assurance tests both at the level of gas gaps and the chambers. The data has been obtained at different time windows during the large scale production of CMS RPCs of RE2/2 and RE2/3 type. In the quality assurance tests, we have investigated parameters like dark current, strip occupancy, cluster size and efficiency of RPCs.

  11. Quality assurance: Importance of systems and standard operating procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishu Manghani

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is mandatory for sponsors of clinical trials and contract research organizations alike to establish, manage and monitor their quality control and quality assurance systems and their integral standard operating procedures and other quality documents to provide high-quality products and services to fully satisfy customer needs and expectations. Quality control and quality assurance systems together constitute the key quality systems. Quality control and quality assurance are parts of quality management. Quality control is focused on fulfilling quality requirements, whereas quality assurance is focused on providing confidence that quality requirements are fulfilled. The quality systems must be commensurate with the Company business objectives and business model. Top management commitment and its active involvement are critical in order to ensure at all times the adequacy, suitability, effectiveness and efficiency of the quality systems. Effective and efficient quality systems can promote timely registration of drugs by eliminating waste and the need for rework with overall financial and social benefits to the Company.

  12. Implementation plan: Quality assurance requirements: Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document establishes the Quality Assurance (QA) Program requirements for the Hazards Waste remedial Actions Program (HASWRAP) for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that program objectives will be achieved as planned. The QA Program is introduced in Sect. 1. The HAZWRAP Support Contractor Office (SCO) functional organization and QA responsibilities are shown in Sect. 2. QA program requirements are contained in Sect. 3. These requiremens are pased on the American national Standard, American National Standards Institute/American Society of Mechanical Engineers NQA-1 Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities. The 18 elements defined in the standard are tailored to HAZWRAP's needs. The QA program requirements are delineated under the major headings: Quality Assurance Program, Organization, and Control of Quality;two additional program requirements, Software Quality Assurance and Problem Prevention, are included. Definitions of QA terms and the list of formal reports published by the HAZWRAP SCO are included as appendixes. 8 refs., 1 fig

  13. PROCESS AND PRODUCT QUALITY ASSURANCE MEASURES IN CMMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Khraiwesh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Process and product quality assurance are very important aspects in development of software. Process and product quality assurance monitor the software engineering processes and methods to ensure quality. It is the process of confirming and verifying that whether services and products meet the customer expectation or not. This research will identify general measures for the specific goals and its specific practices of Process and Product Quality Assurance Process Area in Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI. CMMI is developed by Software Engineering Institute (SEI in Carnegie Mellon University in USA. CMMI is a framework for assessment and improvement of computer information systems. The procedure we used to determine the measures is to apply the Goal Questions Metrics (GQM approach to the two specific goals and its four specific practices of Process and Product Quality Assurance Process Area in CMMI.

  14. Concrete and steel construction quality control and assurance

    CERN Document Server

    El-Reedy, Mohamed A

    2014-01-01

    Starting with the receipt of materials and continuing all the way through to the final completion of the construction phase, Concrete and Steel Construction: Quality Control and Assurance examines all the quality control and assurance methods involving reinforced concrete and steel structures. This book explores the proper ways to achieve high-quality construction projects, and also provides a strong theoretical and practical background. It introduces information on quality techniques and quality management, and covers the principles of quality control. The book presents all of the quality control and assurance protocols and non-destructive test methods necessary for concrete and steel construction projects, including steel materials, welding and mixing, and testing. It covers welding terminology and procedures, and discusses welding standards and procedures during the fabrication process, as well as the welding codes. It also considers the total quality management system based on ISO 9001, and utilizes numer...

  15. The role and relevance of quality assurance to quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the development of Quality Assurance as a total management technique, incorporating manufacturing and construction Quality Control, to give confidence of satisfactory in-service performance. The application of QA to the Heysham 2 and Torness AGR projects design and construction is defined with particular reference to the development of a QA requirements specification, delegation of QA responsibility through the hierarchy of purchasers and suppliers of plant and material, the role of the QA organization and QA auditing. The paper discusses the effectiveness and benefits of QA and the problems identified in its application and implementation. The problems, their solutions and longer term improvements to reduce the costs of QA as well as enhancing confidence in the satisfactory performance of future nuclear projects, are described. (author)

  16. Quality assurance for the safe transport of radioactive material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All activities related to the safe transport of radioactive material should be covered by a quality assurance programme. This publication recognizes that a single transport operation often involves several different organizations, each having specific responsibilities. Hence, it is unlikely that the operation will be covered by a single quality assurance programme. Each quality assurance programme should be tailored to the specific organizational structure for which the programme is prepared, with account taken of the particular transport activities of that organization and the interfaces with other organizations. The aim of this publication is to give a detailed interpretation of what must be done by whom to produce a quality assurance programme for radioactive material transport. This publication provides guidance on methods and practical examples to develop QA programmes for the safe transport of radioactive material. It provides information on how to develop the programme, the standards and the common features of a QA programme

  17. Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BEVINS, R.R.

    2000-09-20

    The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

  18. 10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... portion of the quality assurance program at any location where activities subject to 10 CFR part 63 are...: criticality physics, stress, thermal, hydraulic, and preclosure and postclosure analyses; compatibility...

  19. Software Quality Assurance in Software Projects: A Study of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal Shafique Butt

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Software quality is specific property which tells what kind of standard software should have. In a software project, quality is the key factor of success and decline of software related organization. Many researches have been done regarding software quality. Software related organization follows standards introduced by Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI to achieve good quality software. Quality is divided into three main layers which are Software Quality Assurance (SQA, Software Quality Plan (SQP and Software Quality Control (SQC. So In this study, we are discussing the quality standards and principles of software projects in Pakistan software Industry and how these implemented quality standards are measured and managed. In this study, we will see how many software firms are following the rules of CMMI to create software. How many are reaching international standards and how many firms are measuring the quality of their projects. The results show some of the companies are using software quality assurance techniques in Pakstan.

  20. Code on the safety of nuclear power plants: Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This revised Code provides the principles and objectives for the establishment and implementation of quality assurance programmes applied to both the overall and each of the constituent activities associated with a nuclear power plant project. The quality assurance principles enumerated in the present Code can be usefully applied to nuclear facilities other than nuclear power plants. The quality assurance programme encompasses: (1) the activities that are necessary to achieve the appropriate quality of the respective item or service; and (2) the activities that are necessary for verifying that the required quality is achieved and that objective evidence is produced to that effect. Quality assurance is an essential aspect of good management and the quality assurance programme is the main management tool for a disciplined approach to all activities affecting quality, including, where appropriate, verification that each task has been satisfactorily performed and that necessary corrective actions have been implemented. The principles and objectives provided by the Code are applicable by all those responsible for the nuclear power plant, by plant designers, suppliers, architect-engineers, plant constructors, plant operators and other organizations participating in activities affecting quality. The Code is a revision of the previous Code of Practice (1978) on the same subject of interest to regulatory bodies and experts in quality assurance for design, siting and operation of nuclear power plants. Contents: Definitions; 1. Introduction; 2. Quality assurance programmes; 3. Organization; 4. Document control; 5. Design control; 6. Procurement control; 7. Control of items; 8. Process control; 9. Inspection and test control; 10. Non-conformance control; 11. Corrective actions; 12, Records; 13. Audits

  1. Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frazier, T.P.

    1994-10-20

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of the individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans.

  2. Quality Assurance in Emergency Medicine - A Caribbean Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sammy, I.A.; Paul, J.F.; Watson, H; Williams-Johnson, J; Bullard, C.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – Emergency medicine is a new specialty in the Caribbean. With the development of specialist training over the past 20 years, the issues of quality assurance and governance have become more prominent. The purpose of this paper is to explore the successes and challenges of implementing systems of quality assurance in this unique environment, highlighting issues peculiar to the Caribbean setting. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is a review of current practice in the e...

  3. Quality Assurance Techniques in OpenUP (Open Unified Process)

    OpenAIRE

    Sardar, Raham; Fazal, Usman

    2011-01-01

    Agile methods change the software processes. Agile processes such as Scrum, ExtremeProgramming (XP), Open Unified Process (OpenUP) etc. have techniques that improve softwarequality. No doubt that the purpose of these techniques is to inject quality assurance into theproject under development. This thesis presents quality assurance techniques in Open UnifiedProcess (OpenUP) along with comparative study to extreme programming (XP) for agilesoftware development. OpenUP is an agile and unified pr...

  4. Quality Assurance in a Computer-Based Outpatient Record

    OpenAIRE

    Colloff, Edwin; Morgan, Mary; Beaman, Peter; Justice, Norma; Kunstaetter, Robert; Barnett, G. Octo

    1980-01-01

    COSTAR, a COmputer-STored Ambulatory Record system, was developed at the Massachusetts General Hospital Laboratory of Computer Science. It can supplement or entirely replace the paper medical record with a highly encoded record. Although a computer-stored medical record provides a unique opportunity for quality assurance activities, it requires programming skills to examine the data. We have taken the dual approach of writing pre-specified quality assurance packages and developing a high leve...

  5. Quality assurance as a managerial innovation: a research perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaluzny, A D

    1982-01-01

    Quality assurance is defined and concepts from innovation theory are applied to the study of quality assurance programs. Two distinct although not mutually exclusive perspectives on innovation are considered--the diffusion perspective, focusing on the innovation itself and its implementation, and the adoption perspective, highlighting factors characteristic of the adoption unit (i.e., the organization or individuals within it) that facilitate or impede the adoption process. Directions for future research are suggested. PMID:7118545

  6. Quality assurance as a managerial innovation: a research perspective.

    OpenAIRE

    Kaluzny, A D

    1982-01-01

    Quality assurance is defined and concepts from innovation theory are applied to the study of quality assurance programs. Two distinct although not mutually exclusive perspectives on innovation are considered--the diffusion perspective, focusing on the innovation itself and its implementation, and the adoption perspective, highlighting factors characteristic of the adoption unit (i.e., the organization or individuals within it) that facilitate or impede the adoption process. Directions for fut...

  7. The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-03-12

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

  8. Quality management system for application of the analytical quality assurance cycle in a research project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, R. S.; Olivares, I. R. B.

    2016-07-01

    The lack of quality assurance and quality control in academic activities have been recognized by the inability to demonstrate reproducibility. This paper aim to apply a quality tool called Analytical Quality Assurance Cycle on a specific research project, supported by a Verification Programme of equipment and an adapted Quality Management System based on international standards, to provide traceability to the data generated.

  9. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  10. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fishler, B

    2011-03-18

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  11. Quality Assurance on the Road: Finland and Austria in Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernhard, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing necessity for quality and quality assurance in the entire Bologna process remains one of the main issues for European policy makers. The aims of creating comparable systems and of guaranteeing quality within higher education systems are the reasons for national developments and the eagerness to reform. The situation in two relatively…

  12. Quality Assurance in Psychology Programmes across Europe: Survey and Reflections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, J. Frederico

    2013-01-01

    The present article examines how different institutions that offer psychology study cycles across Europe have adopted quality principles and have taken up particular quality assurance initiatives to raise standards and enhance quality. Thirty-eight different institutions from 32 countries who were members of a European psychology network responded…

  13. Strategic Planning and Quality Assurance in the Bologna Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kettunen, Juha; Kantola, Mauri

    2007-01-01

    Strategic planning and quality management have been developed independently of each other, but they meet in practice in many kinds of organisations. Strategic planning and quality assurance integrate different aspects of higher education institutions (HEIs) to ensure high-quality educational outcomes. This paper investigates the role of these two…

  14. Quality assurance considerations for nuclear power system selection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Factors that influence the selection of a nuclear power system, from considerations of quality assurance are discussed. These are categorised as reliability, public safety, technological resources, economics, industrial security, and regulatory framework. The key quality assurance principle to be applied is to establish that the technological basis is understood and used properly. Knowledgeable and capable personnel with experience in the application are needed, and they must have access to appropriate engineering, laboratory and manufacturing facilities. A suitable balance must be maintained between the responsibilities of the seller-supplier and the purchaser-owner to assure an even-handed treatment of the implementation programme. Safety and reliability must be inherent to the regulatory framework. There must be flexibility in the purchaser-owner resources to overcome unanticipated adversity. Given these quality assurance elements, the nuclear system selection process should result in a high probability that the performance objectives will be satisfied. (U.K.)

  15. [Quality assurance in oncology: experiences of an ISO certification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szentirmay, Zoltán; Cseh, Lujza; Ottó, Szabolcs; Kásler, Miklós

    2002-01-01

    The ISO 9001 quality assurance of the National Institute of Oncology has been achieved successfully. We give an account of the brief history and the structure of the assurance system of the Institute, the process of setting our goals, and also the experience gained from drafting ISO 9001 handbook and flowcharts. Apart from the bureaucratic nature of quality assurance, it is a good opportunity for us to investigate our everyday work, put it into orderly manner and work more reliably. Experience has shown that the introduction of a quality assurance system increases the level of patient care, the documentation helps the Institute or some of its departments, or even individuals prevent law suits, and serves as a sound basis for proposing promotion, salary increases and bonuses, or even honors.

  16. Quality Assurance, Open and Distance Learning, and Australian Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian C. Reid

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Open and distance education has integrated quality assurance processes since its inception. Recently, the increased use of distance teaching systems, technologies, and pedagogies by universities without a distance education heritage has enabled them to provide flexible learning opportunities. They have done this in addition to, or instead of, face-to-face instruction, yet the practice of quality assurance processes as a fundamental component of distance education provision has not necessarily followed these changes.This paper considers the relationship between notions of quality assurance and open and distance education, between quality assurance and higher education more broadly, and between quality assurance and the implementation of recent quality audits in Australian universities. The paper compares quality portfolios submitted to the Australian Universities Quality Agency by two universities, one involved in distance education, the other not involved. This comparison demonstrates that the relationship is variable, and suggests that reasons for this have more to do with business drivers than with educational rationales.

  17. Quality assurance of qualitative research: a review of the discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reynolds Joanna

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Increasing demand for qualitative research within global health has emerged alongside increasing demand for demonstration of quality of research, in line with the evidence-based model of medicine. In quantitative health sciences research, in particular clinical trials, there exist clear and widely-recognised guidelines for conducting quality assurance of research. However, no comparable guidelines exist for qualitative research and although there are long-standing debates on what constitutes 'quality' in qualitative research, the concept of 'quality assurance' has not been explored widely. In acknowledgement of this gap, we sought to review discourses around quality assurance of qualitative research, as a first step towards developing guidance. Methods A range of databases, journals and grey literature sources were searched, and papers were included if they explicitly addressed quality assurance within a qualitative paradigm. A meta-narrative approach was used to review and synthesise the literature. Results Among the 37 papers included in the review, two dominant narratives were interpreted from the literature, reflecting contrasting approaches to quality assurance. The first focuses on demonstrating quality within research outputs; the second focuses on principles for quality practice throughout the research process. The second narrative appears to offer an approach to quality assurance that befits the values of qualitative research, emphasising the need to consider quality throughout the research process. Conclusions The paper identifies the strengths of the approaches represented in each narrative and recommend these are brought together in the development of a flexible framework to help qualitative researchers to define, apply and demonstrate principles of quality in their research.

  18. Categorizing segmentation quality using a quantitative quality assurance algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Obtaining high levels of contouring consistency is a major limiting step in optimizing the radiotherapeutic ratio. We describe a novel quantitative methodology for the quality assurance (QA) of contour compliance referenced against a community set of contouring experts. Two clinical tumour site scenarios (10 lung cases and one prostate case) were used with QA algorithm. For each case, multiple physicians (lung: n = 6, prostate: n = 25) segmented various target/organ at risk (OAR) structures to define a set of community reference contours. For each set of community contours, a consensus contour (Simultaneous Truth and Performance Level Estimation (STAPLE)) was created. Differences between each individual community contour versus the group consensus contour were quantified by consensus-based contouring penalty metric (PM) scores. New observers segmented these same cases to calculate individual PM scores (for each unique target/OAR) for each new observer–STAPLE pair for comparison against the community and consensus contours. Four physicians contoured the 10 lung cases for a total of 72 contours for quality assurance evaluation against the previously derived community consensus contours. A total of 16 outlier contours were identified by the QA system of which 11 outliers were due to over-contouring discrepancies, three were due to over-/under-contouring discrepancies, and two were due to missing/incorrect nodal contours. In the prostate scenario involving six physicians, the QA system detected a missing penile bulb contour, systematic inner-bladder contouring, and under-contouring of the upper/anterior rectum. A practical methodology for QA has been demonstrated with future clinical trial credentialing, medical education and auto-contouring assessment applications.

  19. Design quality assurance for plant modifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ankrum, G.T.; Norkin, D.P.; Architzel, R.

    1985-11-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office of Inspection and Enforcement has conducted direct inspections of the technical aspects of the nuclear plant design process for several plants under construction. It has also evaluated independent design verification programs and engineering assurance programs at a number of other plants under construction. Many of the lessons learned from these construction phase efforts are directly applicable to operating plants undergoing major modifications.

  20. Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

    2011-02-01

    Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case

  1. Quality assurance practices in university libraries in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luyanda Dube

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Key to the transformation of the South African higher education landscape has been the introduction and enhancement of quality assurance practices. The implementation of quality assurance mechanisms in the sector has also affected academic libraries, as they are not static, free-standing entities but are part of universities and their academic culture. Evidently, quality assurance is no longer an option, but a critical reality as libraries in general are under immense pressure to prove their worth in competition with other information enterprises, and are also facing budget cuts (Kinnell, Usherwood, & Jones 1999; Tam 2000. Academic libraries, in particular, are facing the extra challenge of striving to align quality initiatives and practices not only with the overall mission and goals of the university, but also with the “fitness for purpose” quality principle by which universities are judged by the Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC. The study utilised questionnaires and document analysis to collect data and targeted officers in academic libraries who deal with quality assurance matters or issues as well as policy or other related documents. The results showed that quality assurance practices in academic libraries vary. They range from active and integrative processes for maintaining and improving quality to those that are feeble and not well developed. However, there is general commitment towards instilling a quality culture, encouraging a best practice, participative approach, continuous improvement and satisfying the needs of the customer. As one of its recommendations, the study highlights the need to enhance the depth and breadth of quality assurance initiatives and to create more avenues for sharing best practices.

  2. Standardization and quality assurance in fluorescence measurements I state-of-the art and future challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Resch-Genger, Ute

    2008-01-01

    The validation and standardization of fluorescence methods is still in its infancy as compared to other prominent analytical and bioanalytical methods. Appropriate quality assurance standards are however a prerequisite for applications in highly regulated fields such as medical diagnostics, drug development, or food analysis. For the first time, a team of recognized international experts has documented the present status of quality assurance in fluorescence measurements, and outlines concepts for establishing standards in this field. This first of two volumes covers basic aspects and various techniques such as steady-state and time-resolved fluorometry, polarization techniques, and fluorescent chemical sensors

  3. 40 CFR 75.21 - Quality assurance and quality control requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance and quality control... PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING Operation and Maintenance Requirements § 75.21 Quality assurance and quality control requirements. (a) Continuous emission monitoring systems. The owner...

  4. Regulatory inspection of the implementation of quality assurance programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual provides guidance to Member States in the organization and performance of their regulatory inspection functions regarding the implementation of nuclear power plant quality assurance programmes. It addresses the interface between, and is consistent with, the IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards (NUSS programme) documents on quality assurance and governmental organization. The manual offers a practical model and examples for performing regulatory inspections to ensure that the quality assurance programme is operating satisfactorily in the siting, design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear power plants. The primary objective is to confirm that the licensee has the capability to manage and control the effective performance of all quality assurance responsibilities during all phases of a nuclear power project. The guidance provided through this manual for proper establishment and execution of the regulatory inspections helps to enforce the effective implementation of the quality assurance programme as a management control system that the nuclear industry should establish and use in attaining the safety and reliability objectives for nuclear installations. This enforcement action by national regulatory bodies and the emphasis on the purposes and advantages of quality assurance as an important management tool integrated within the total project task have been recommended by the IAEA International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG). The primary intended users of this manual are the management personnel and high level staff from regulatory bodies but it will also be helpful to management personnel from nuclear utilities and vendors. They all are inevitable partners in a nuclear power project and this document offers all of them valuable information on the better accomplishment of quality assurance activities to ensure the common objective of safe and reliable nuclear power production

  5. Regulatory inspection of the implementation of quality assurance programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Manual provides guidance to Member States in the organization and performance of their regulatory inspection functions regarding the implementation of nuclear power plant quality assurance programmes. It addresses the interface between, and is consistent with, the IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards (NUSS programme) documents on quality assurance and governmental organization. The Manual offers a practical model and examples for performing regulatory inspections to ensure that the quality assurance programme is operating satisfactorily in the siting, design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear power plants. The primary objective is to confirm that the licensee has the capability to manage and control the effective performance of all quality assurance responsibilities during all phases of a nuclear power project. The guidance provided through this Manual for proper establishment and execution of the regulatory inspections helps to enforce the effective implementation of the quality assurance programme as a management control system that the nuclear industry should establish and use in attaining the safety and reliability objectives for nuclear installations. This enforcement action by national regulatory bodies and the emphasis on the purposes and advantages of quality assurance as an important management tool integrated within the total project task have been recommended by the IAEA International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG). The primary intended users of this Manual are the management personnel and high level staff from regulatory bodies but it will also be helpful to management personnel from nuclear utilities and vendors. They all are inevitable partners in a nuclear power project and this document offers all of them valuable information on the better accomplishment of quality assurance activities to ensure the common objective of safe and reliable nuclear power production

  6. Performance-based quality assurance: the regulatory viewpoint

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper complements and upgrades a previous one recently presented, the aim is a further contribution to a wide dissemination of this new methodology and way of thinking. Modern quality management techniques emphasizes errors prevention instead of finding and correcting them, in line with the new generation of ISO-9000 documents. Performance-based QA is coherent with this 'right-first-time' attitude, resting on the managerial role (establishing and applying policies and instructions allowing to integrate quality objectives to everyday work) and on the responsibility of every single involved person (the attainment of such objectives). The contents of the final draft of the revised IAEA NUSS Code on QA -namely 'Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and other Nuclear Facilities', is based on that approach, so it is not perspective. The text only contains ten basic requirements, where the objective is improving nuclear safety through an improvement in the methods applied for attaining quality during design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear installations. These requirements are assigned to: 'Management' (QA programme; training and qualification; non-conformance control and corrective actions; document control and records); 'Performance' (work; design; procurement; inspection and testing for acceptance) and 'Assessment' (management self-assessment; independent assessment). The management is responsible for planning, organization, direction, control and support; the line groups are responsible for attaining quality; and the assessment group is responsible for analyzing the management's and the line groups' effectiveness. From the regulatory point of view in the performance context, operating organizations will have to demonstrate the effective fulfillment of QA requirements to the satisfaction of regulatory authorities. This is not a novel mechanism, it is usual within the regulatory performance approach. The Code is

  7. Quality assurance plan, Westinghouse Nuclear Energy Systems Divisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Quality Assurance Plan used by Westinghouse Nuclear Energy Systems Water Reactor Divisions is described. The purpose of the program is to assure that the design, materials, and workmanship on Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) equipment meet applicable safety requirements, fulfill the requirements of the contracts with the applicants, and satisfy the applicable codes, standards, and regulatory requirements. This document replaces the contents of Chapter 17 Safety Analysis Reports, except for any special or unique requirements. (auth)

  8. Quality assurance and quality control of nuclear analytical techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Test and analytical laboratories in East and Central European countries need to prove the reliability and credibility of their economic, environmental, medical and legal decisions and their capacity of issuing reliable, verifiable reports. These demands imposed by the European Union aimed at avoiding a possible barrier to trade for the developing countries. In June 1999, in order to help Member States to develop according to EU objectives and the overall situation of the European market, IAEA launched a new co-operation programme designed to help the nuclear analytical laboratories in nuclear institutions and universities of Member States by training in the use of some Nuclear Analytical Techniques (NAT) that include: alpha, beta and gamma-ray spectrometry, radiochemical and neutron activation analysis, total reflection X-ray fluorescence. The Regional IAEA Project, named 'Quality Assurance/Quality Control of Nuclear Analytical Techniques' (NAT) aims at implementing the QA principles via a system of defined consecutive steps leading to a level on which the QA system is self-sustainable for formal accreditation or certification and satisfies the EU technical performance criteria; the requirements are in accordance with the new ISO/IEC 17025 Standard/Dec.1999 'General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories' - First edition. The Horia Hulubei National Institute for Nuclear Physics and Engineering, IFIN-HH, was admitted for participation in the IAEA Project in June 1999 account taken of its experience in the QA and metrology fields and its performance in the fields of beta and gamma-ray spectrometry, and radiochemical and neutron activation analysis, employed in both basic research and applications for external clients. Two working groups of specialists with the QA and Standardization and Metrology Departments and six analytical groups with the departments of Nuclear Applied Physics, Life Physics and Ionising Radiation Metrology are

  9. QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY: QUALITATIVE ASSESMENT OF NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OFOBRUKU SYLVESTER ABOMEH

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Hospitality is currently the fasted growing economic activity in Abuja-Nigeria. It has also been instrumental in creating jobs and has significant impact on other sectors of economic growth. Based on the above factors much attention need to be placed on the quality of the hospitality industry in Abuja-Nigeria in other to systematic compete with other destinations. Quality assurance is becoming an increasing integral component of the service industry. However, despite some indication that quality assurances are receiving attention in the hospitality industry, its adoption continues to be very slow. This paper examine the usefulness of quality assurance in hospitality operations and how to encourage it’s observances in the industry.

  10. Quality assurance in food irradiation with emphasis on process control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Process control is an essential component of quality assurance in food irradiation. This paper discusses the key elements of process control of gamma and electron beam irradiation of foods. They include irradiated product investigation and qualification, irradiator qualification (commissioning), dosimetry including calibration and dose-mapping, licensing documentation and inspection, and, details of routine process control. Radiation process control combined with incoming product quality control and outgoing (processed) product handling, etc., control constitute the essence of overall quality assurance in food irradiation. (author). 11 refs

  11. Quality Assurance in the Endoscopy Suite: Sedation and Monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Zachary P; Liu, Julia; Saltzman, John R

    2016-07-01

    Recent development and expansion of endoscopy units has necessitated similar progress in the quality assurance of procedure sedation and monitoring. The large number of endoscopic procedures performed annually underlies the need for standardized quality initiatives focused on mitigating patient risk before, during, and immediately after endoscopic sedation, as well as improving procedure outcomes and patient satisfaction. Specific standards are needed for newer sedation modalities, including propofol administration. This article reviews the current guidelines and literature concerning quality assurance and endoscopic procedure sedation. PMID:27372777

  12. Quality Assurance Systems in Education and Training in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voinia, Claudiu Sorin; Tuşa, Ana; Simion, Carmen

    2014-11-01

    Member States have a duty to compare and learn more about the national education and professional training. The objectives of this paper were to identify specific characteristics, developments and highlighting key priorities in coordinating the development of specific quality assurance processes in the European Union. The aim of this work was to present the quality assurance systems in vocational education and training systems in the Member States of the European Union. The results were to identify the extent to which national initiatives of EU member States show interest in the quality of education. Data from research can be useful in developing strategic sector development programs, and local schools

  13. Mixed Waste Integrated Program Quality Assurance requirements plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP) is sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Technology Development, Waste Management Division. The strategic objectives of MWIP are defined in the Mixed Waste Integrated Program Strategic Plan, and expanded upon in the MWIP Program Management Plan. This MWIP Quality Assurance Requirement Plan (QARP) applies to mixed waste treatment technologies involving both hazardous and radioactive constituents. As a DOE organization, MWIP is required to develop, implement, and maintain a written Quality Assurance Program in accordance with DOE Order 4700.1 Project Management System, DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, DOE Order 5820.2A Radioactive Waste Management, ASME NQA-1 Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities and ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx Specifications and Guidelines for Quality Systems for Environmental Data Collection and Environmental Technology Programs. The purpose of the MWIP QA program is to establish controls which address the requirements in 5700.6C, with the intent to minimize risks and potential environmental impacts; and to maximize environmental protection, health, safety, reliability, and performance in all program activities. QA program controls are established to assure that each participating organization conducts its activities in a manner consistent with risks posed by those activities

  14. Quality assurance inspections for shipping and storage containers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stromberg, H.M.; Roberts, G.D.; Bryce, J.H. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1996-04-01

    This is a guide for conducting quality assurance inspections of transportation packaging and dry spent fuel storage system suppliers. (Suppliers are defined as designers, fabricators, distributors, users or owners of those packaging and storage systems.) This guide may be used during inspection to determine regulatory compliance with 10 CFR, Part 71, Subpart H; 10 CFR, Part 72, Subpart G; 10 CFR, Part 21; and supplier`s quality assurance program commitments. It was developed to provide a structured, consistent approach to inspections. The guidance therein provides a framework for evaluation of transportation packaging and dry spent fuel storage systems quality assurance programs. Inspectors are provided with the flexibility to adapt the methods and concepts to meet inspection requirements for the particular facility. The method used in the guide treats each activity at a facility as a separate performance element and combines the activities within the framework of an ``inspection tree.``The method separates each performance element into several areas for inspection and identifies guidelines, based on regulatory requirements, to qualitatively evaluate each area. This guide also serves as a field manual to facilitate quality assurance inspection activities. This guide replaces an earlier one, NUREG/CR-5717 (Packing Supplier Inspection Guide). This replacement guide enhances the inspection activities for transportation packagings and adds the dry spent fuel storage system quality assurance inspection activities.

  15. Quality Assurance Model for Digital Adult Education Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimou, Helen; Kameas, Achilles

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to present a model for the quality assurance of digital educational material that is appropriate for adult education. The proposed model adopts the software quality standard ISO/IEC 9126 and takes into account adult learning theories, Bloom's taxonomy of learning objectives and two instructional design models: Kolb's model…

  16. Academic Quality Assurance Variables in Nigerian Universities: Exploring Lecturers' Perception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obiekezie, Eucharia O.; Ejemot-Nwadiaro, Regina I.; Timothy, Alexander E.; Essien, Margaret I.

    2016-01-01

    The level of job performance, international comparability and competitiveness of Nigerian university graduates are burning issues. Consequently, the academic quality of Nigerian universities has come under severe criticism. Since university lecturers are key players in quality assurance in universities, this study explored their perceptions of…

  17. Quality assurance of weather data for agricultural system model input

    Science.gov (United States)

    It is well known that crop production and hydrologic variation on watersheds is weather related. Rarely, however, is meteorological data quality checks reported for agricultural systems model research. We present quality assurance procedures for agricultural system model weather data input. Problems...

  18. Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: The Student Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Dennis Chung Sea

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews some…

  19. Developing Quality Assurance Culture for Sustainable University Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibara, Emmanuel Chisa

    2015-01-01

    The relevance of any university education depends on quality parameters that should be specified, adhered to and sustained. The development of quality assurance culture in Nigerian university education is imperative, considering the fact that globalization, mobility of labour, competition and the quest for best practices have subjected…

  20. Trading Quality across Borders: Colonial Discourse and International Quality Assurance Policies in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco Ramírez, Gerardo

    2014-01-01

    Accountability and quality assurance have become central discourses in higher education policy throughout the world. However, accountability and quality assurance involve power and control. Practices and ideas about quality developed in the Global North are spreading rapidly across the Global South, leading to increased uniformity in the…

  1. Quality and Quality Assurance in Ethiopian Higher Education. Critical Issues and Practical Implications.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kahsay, M.

    2012-01-01

    This book critically examines quality and quality assurance in the Ethiopian higher education context. More specifically, the main research problem that guided the study was: ‘how and under what circumstances do the public Universities in Ethiopia assure quality of their education, and what contextu

  2. Improvement of Key Problems of Software Testing in Quality Assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Iqbal, Nayyar

    2012-01-01

    Quality assurance makes sure the project will be completed based on the previously approved specifications, standards and functionality. It is required without defects and possible problems. It monitors and tries to progress the development process from the start of the project. Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is the combination of the entire software development process, which includes software design, coding, source code control, code review, change management, configuration management and release management. In this paper we describe the solution for the key problems of software testing in quality assurance. The existing software practices have some problems such as testing practices, attitude of users and culture of organizations. All these tree problems have some combined problems such as shortcuts in testing, reduction in testing time, poor documentation etc. In this paper we are recommending strategies to provide solution of the said problems mentioned above.

  3. Mechanisms for Quality Assurance of Universities in Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph BESONG BESONG

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes a perspective look at the evolution of universities in Cameroon and the recent orientation of deregulation as it affects quality assurance in Cameroonian universities. The paper having identified these flaws attempted to elucidate the meaning of mechanism for Quality assurance in the face of deregulation. The regulatory mechanisms identified by this paper include inter- alia, appropriate scrutiny of new programmes, relying on impartial advise of examiners. Using the state law NO.98/004 of 1998 to compliment the efforts of internal school administration and above all opening linkages between universities and relating universities education in the World of science and technology. This paper does not only enhance quality assurance but also builds the idea of economic growth and development.

  4. Studies on quality assurance in haemocytometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J.P.F. Lombarts (Arnoldus Johannes Petrus Franciscus)

    1985-01-01

    textabstractThe objectives of this thesis are: a. to review the state of the art, the concepts, the problems and the perspectives of comprehensive QA in hey (Chapters II and III); b. to study the basic principles and problems of cell counting and sizing and the recent progress in approaching these p

  5. Quality assurance and quality control in fabrication of cladding tubes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zircaloy 2 and 4 are the most important Zirconium alloys for use as fuel cladding material in light and heavy water reactors. In fast breeder reactors the cladding tubes are of a modified 16/16 - Cr-Ni-type with improved mechanical, long - term creep rate and rupture - life versus temperature properties. Starting with hot-extruded tube shells the fabrication of Zircaloy cladding tubes is done by 3 - 4 cold reduction steps in tube reducers or rolling machines followed by heat treatments in vacuum. To obtain the specified properties a precise combination of final area reduction and final annealing is absolutely necessary. The fabrication route of stainless steel claddings and guide tubes is similar to the Zircaloy production, exceptionally the last cold-forming steps are made on cold-drawing henches, hecause of economic reasons. After each cold reduction the material is annealed at recrystalisation temperatures under protective atmosoheres. For obtaining the same final tube properties for a longer nroduction neriod the implementation of a quality assurance and control system naturally independent of the production is necessary. The application of this system regarding some of the important properties of fuel cladding tubes is reported. (RW)

  6. Production, quality and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarc, R; Lorber, K E

    2013-09-01

    This contribution describes characterization, classification, production, application and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs) that are increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. It is shown in this paper, that the fuel-parameter, i.e. net calorific value [MJ/kg(OS)], particle size d(90) or d(95) [mm], impurities [w%], chlorine content [w%], sulfur content [w%], fluorine content [w%], ash content [w%], moisture [w%] and heavy metals content [mg/kg(DM)], can be preferentially used for the classification of different types of RDF applied for co-incineration and substitution of fossil-fuel in different industial sectors. Describing the external production of RDF by processing and confectioning of wastes as well as internal processing of waste at the incineration plant, a case study is reported on the application of RDF made out of different household waste fractions in a 120,000t/yr Waste to Energy (WtE) circulating fluidized bed (CFB) incinerator. For that purpose, delivered wastes, as well as incinerator feedstock material (i.e. after internal waste processing) are extensively investigated. Starting with elaboration of sampling plan in accordance with the relevant guidelines and standards, waste from different suppliers was sampled. Moreover, manual sorting analyses and chemical analyses were carried out. Finally, results of investigations are presented and discussed in the paper. PMID:23746983

  7. Quality assurance program description: Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant, Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes the Department of Energy's Richland Field Office (DOE-RL) quality assurance (QA) program for the processing of high-level waste as well as the Vitrification Project Quality Assurance Program for the design and construction of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP). It also identifies and describes the planned activities that constitute the required quality assurance program for the HWVP. This program applies to the broad scope of quality-affecting activities associated with the overall HWVP Facility. Quality-affecting activities include designing, purchasing, fabricating, handling, shipping, storing, cleaning, erecting, installing, inspecting, testing, maintaining, repairing, and modifying. Also included are the development, qualification, and production of waste forms which may be safely used to dispose of high-level radioactive waste resulting from national defense activities. The HWVP QA program is made up of many constituent programs that are being implemented by the participating organizations. This Quality Assurance program description is intended to outline and define the scope and application of the major programs that make up the HWVP QA program. It provides a means by which the overall program can be managed and directed to achieve its objectives. Subsequent parts of this description will identify the program's objectives, its scope, application, and structure

  8. Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

  9. [Quality assurance in geriatric rehabilitation--approaches and methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deckenbach, B; Borchelt, M; Steinhagen-Thiessen, E

    1997-08-01

    It did not take the provisions of the 5th Book of the Social Code for quality assurance issues to gain significance in the field of geriatric rehabilitation as well. While in the surgical specialties, experience in particular with external quality assurance have already been gathered over several years now, suitable concepts and methods for the new Geriatric Rehabilitation specialty are still in the initial stages of development. Proven methods from the industrial and service sectors, such as auditing, monitoring and quality circles, can in principle be drawn on for devising geriatric rehabilitation quality assurance schemes; these in particular need to take into account the multiple factors influencing the course and outcome of rehabilitation entailed by multimorbidity and multi-drug use; the eminent role of the social environment; therapeutic interventions by a multidisciplinary team; as well as the multi-dimensional nature of rehabilitation outcomes. Moreover, the specific conditions of geriatric rehabilitation require development not only of quality standards unique to this domain but also of quality assurance procedures specific to geriatrics. Along with a number of other methods, standardized geriatric assessment will play a crucial role in this respect. PMID:9411627

  10. ERD UMTRA Project quality assurance program plan, Revision 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the revised Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) dated September, 1995 for the Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). Quality Assurance requirements for the ERD UMTRA Project are based on the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C or applicable sections of 10 CFR 830.120. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the ERD UMTRA Project and its contractors

  11. Development, implementation and quality assurance of biokinetic models within CONRAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work of the Task Group 5.2 'Research Studies on Biokinetic Models' of the CONRAD project is presented. New biokinetic models have been implemented by several European institutions. Quality assurance procedures included intercomparison of the results as well as quality assurance of model formulation. Additionally, the use of the models was examined leading to proposals of tuning parameters. Stable isotope studies were evaluated with respect to their implications to the new models, and new biokinetic models were proposed on the basis of their results. Furthermore, the development of a biokinetic model describing the effects of decorporation of actinides by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid treatment was initiated. (authors)

  12. SiPM characterisation and quality Assurance for imaging calorimeters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Future lepton colliders like the ILC require a new generation of detectors with unprecedented precision. In this context the CALICE collaboration is developing a highly granular ''imaging'' calorimeter consisting out of ca. 8 million scintillating tiles with Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) readout. SiPMs are a novel type of solid state photo-detectors with promising properties. A detailed understanding and characterisation of the SiPMs as well as the characterisation and quality assurance of the scintillating tiles is essential for the final detector. In this talk results of the studies on SiPM and tile characterisation and large scale quality assurance are presented.

  13. A Study on the Software Quality Assurance Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Tae [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01

    On 25 August 2006, the CMMI V1.2 (Capability Maturity Model Integration Version 1.2) was released with the new title CMMI-DEV (CMMI for Development) which supersedes the CMMI-SE/SW (CMMI for systems engineering and software engineering) V1.1. This study discusses the application of IEEE Std 730-2002, IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, for the implementation of the Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) process area (PA) of the CMMI-DEV.

  14. Quality assurance in the Antares laser fusion construction project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Antares CO2 laser facility came on line in November 1983 as an experimental physics facility; it is the world's largest CO2 laser fusion system. Antares is a major component of the Department of Energy's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Antares is a one-of-a-kind laser system that is used in an experimental environment. Given limited project funds and tight schedules, the quality assurance program was tailored to achieve project goals without imposing oppressive constraints. The discussion will review the Antares quality assurance program and the utility of various portions to completion of the project

  15. 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities -- Quality assurance program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance and management controls used by the 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities (LEF) to perform its activities in accordance with DOE Order 5700.6C. The 200 Area LEF consists of the following facilities: Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF); Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF); Liquid Effluent Retention facility (LERF); and Truck Loading Facility -- (Project W291). The intent is to ensure that all activities such as collection of effluents, treatment, concentration of secondary wastes, verification, sampling and disposal of treated effluents and solids related with the LEF operations, conform to established requirements

  16. Study on Evaluation of Supplier s Quality Assurance System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    To be a worldwide competitor, enterprise needs to e va luate and select its supplier carefully. Generally, to evaluate a supplier, the evaluating effort is focused on the purchase price, delivery time, product quali ty, etc. The vendors' quality assurance is seldom considered. However, it reflec ts the ability that a vendor can provide high quality but low cost products cont inuously and stably. In this paper, with the study on evaluation of supplier's q uality assurance system, a set of methods and indice...

  17. Quality Assurance Activities in Agile : Philosophy to Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Ullah, Malik Imran; Zaidi, Waqar Ali

    2009-01-01

    Quality assurance activities, in software development, are the backbone of whole project. These activities are not only responsible of product quality, but also for process quality. In conventional software development QA is a separate group of QA experts. As the trends of software development moved towards agile development, QA activities also got changed. In agile development most of these activities are performed by developers. Close people collaboration, onsite customer and Test Driven De...

  18. Quality assurance management plan (QAPP) special analytical support (SAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LOCKREM, L.L.

    1999-05-20

    It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

  19. Static and Dynamic Quality Assurance by Aspect Oriented Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Knabe, Christoph

    2010-01-01

    The overall goal of the described research project was to create applicable quality assurance patterns for Java software systems using the aspect-oriented programming language extension AspectJ 5. We tried to develop aspects to check static quality criteria as a variable mutator convention and architectural layering rules. We successfully developed aspects for automating the following dynamic quality criteria: Parameterized Exception Chaining, Comfortable Declaration of Parameterized Exceptio...

  20. Quality assurance management plan (QAPP) special analytical support (SAS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data

  1. How To Improve Software Quality Assurance In Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Javed

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Quality is an important factor in software industry. Software quality depends upon the customer satisfaction which can be achieved through applying standards. In this era achieving quality software is very important because of the high customer demands. Developed countries are excelling in software industry and improving day by day. Meanwhile developing countries like Pakistan are struggling with software quality and cannot maintain reputation in International Market. Software Quality lacks due tomany reasons. This paper will address the problems for lacking interest in improving the software quality by higher authorities and software assurance team. We have provided solution to the addressed problems also.

  2. IS TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT/ CONTINOUS QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OR QUALITY ASSURANCE APPLICABLE IN HEALTH SERVICES?

    OpenAIRE

    Sidin, Andi Indahwaty

    2015-01-01

    In modern society, people are likely to be consumerism. They tend to be concerned about the quality of goods or services. In the same way, health care had to pay attention as the patients seem to be familiarized with health services quality. Health care has tried to adapt TQM/Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) as well as Quality Assurance (QA) which is also adapted from manufacturing. However, some characteristics in the health industry are dissimilar to manufacturing. It can be explained ...

  3. The effect of job performance aids on quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fosshage, Erik

    2014-06-01

    Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

  4. The Effect of Job Performance Aids on Quality Assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fosshage, Erik [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). System Surety Engineering

    2014-06-01

    Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

  5. Strategies for quality assurance of intensity modulated radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In late 2011 The Swedish Society of Radiation Physics formed a working group to concentrate on the Quality Assurance of modern radiation therapy techniques. The given task was to identify and summarise the different QA strategies in Sweden and also the international recommendations. This was used to formulate recommendations for practical guidelines within Sweden. In this paper a brief summery of the group's work is presented. All the Swedish radiation therapy centres do a pre treatment verification measurement as QA for every new IMRT and VMAT plan. Physicists do it and they believe it to be time consuming. A general standpoint from all the centres was that new guidelines and legislation is needed to allow QA that does not require a measurement. Based on various international publications and recommendations the working group has presented two strategies, one where all new plans are checked through measurement and one where no measurement is needed. The measurement- based strategy is basically the same as the one used today with an extended machine QA part. The other presented strategy is process oriented where all the different parts of the treatment chain are checked separately. The final report can be found in Swedish on http://www.radiofysik.org

  6. Quality assurance in non-interventional studies

    OpenAIRE

    Theobald, Karlheinz; Capan, Müge; Herbold, Marlis; Schinzel, Stefan; Hundt, Ferdinand

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, drug research and surveillance after authorisation becomes more and more important for several reasons. Non-interventional studies (NIS) investigate various aspects of drug use including efficacy and safety under real life conditions. Such kind of health services research should be on a high scientific, methodological and organisational level. Therefore accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality are highly recommended. The aim of quality management is: first to avoid bi...

  7. Exercise in Quality Assurance: A Laboratory Exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov

    2009-01-01

    simplifying considerably the estimation of uncertainties. To the broad majority of students, the mathematical procedures are cumbersome but we present a laboratory exercise that seemed to arouse an interest among students and promoted enthusiasm and understanding. There are several schools of quality...... of measurement is represented by standard deviation that approaches an inherently true value that is specific for the detector, given that a high number of repetitions were performed. Thus, a low uncertainty is not necessarily a token of quality....

  8. Quality assurance for analitical dairy laboratories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šimun Zamberlin

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Quality evaluation of analytical laboratories must be estimated through accuracy, precision and traceability of measurement results. In European countries, acceptable analytical results are those which come from accredited laboratories (EN ISO/IEC 17025:2000. This paper presents examples of traceability, measurement uncertainty, inner quality control and control through the interlaboratory proficiency testing of results for milk fat. Also it demonstrates proficiency testing organization of results for fat, protein, lactose and somatic cells in milk.

  9. Quality assurance organization for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides requirements, recommendations and illustrative examples for structuring, staffing and documenting the organizations that perform activities affecting quality of a nuclear power plant. It also provides guidance on control of organization interfaces, and establishment of lines for direction, communication and co-ordination. The provisions of this Guide are applicable to all organizations participating in any of the constituent areas of activities affecting quality of a nuclear power plant, such as design, manufacture, construction, commissioning and operation

  10. Quality assurance: a burden or an essential tool for management?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of Quality Assurance in nuclear power plant management is discussed. Customer's satisfaction has always been considered by the supplier as a key factor to achieve his company's prosperity, provided that this satisfaction can be obtained in proper economical conditions. According to ISO standards, to satisfy the customer's need is in fact the definition of quality. Some twenty years ago nuclear safety introduced an additional notion: an evidence of satisfaction of customer's needs shall be provided - this is the Quality Assurance. Many companies on which this requirement was imposed experienced it and, in some cases continue to experience it, as an additional burden, due to the customer's lack of confidence. However, Code 50.C.QA clearly states in its introduction that Quality Assurance is an essential aspect of good management. It is very difficult to segregate the Quality Assurance Programme implementation efficiency from the company management efficiency. The arguments contained in the paper result in the following possible answer to the question in the title: a burden and an essential tool for management. (Z.S.)

  11. Quality assurance and auditing for tissue banking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Implementation of quality systems can provide many benefits and have a direct impact on the cost of tissue banking. These benefits are achieved by reducing redundancies, streamlining work processes, reducing and waste, and implementing of a process of continuous monitoring and quality improvement, There have been various models written for the use of quality systems in tissue banking but most can be indexed and correlated with the universal ISO 9000 Quality Management System used world-wide in all types of businesses and services since 1986. These standards contain 20 system elements that define the broad-based quality system. Within these elements are included audited systems. The auditing system includes internal assessment and external assessment. An audit is a planned, independent and documented assessment to determine whether agreed upon requirements are being met. Audits are performed by qualified individuals with knowledge of procedures, regulations and associated standards with the primary intention of improving processes. Internal and external assessments are the primary types of audits performed at the tissue center. Internal assessment is performed by the employees of the organization to determine whether activities and -the results of the activities comply with requirements and procedures. External assessment is carried out by independent examinations performed by an external agency. This presentation will describe procedures for internal quality auditing and results of external assessment of tissue banking in North America, as performed by the American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB). The AATB system for external auditing will be described. Examples will be given of the most common errors found by such auditing assessments and procedures for establishing internal quality auditing

  12. Quality assurance for safety in nuclear power plants and other nuclear installations. Code and safety guides Q1-Q14. A publication within the NUSS programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The code provides the basic requirements for establishing and implementing quality assurance programmes for the stages of siting, design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear power plants. These basic requirements apply to all individuals and organizations, including designers, suppliers, constructors, manufacturers and operators. The basic quality assurance requirements presented in this Code also apply, with appropriate modifications, to nuclear installations other than nuclear power plants

  13. Role of quality assurance in space-based optical systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertzog, Stephen P.

    1993-12-01

    The key responsibility of the quality assurance organization is to assess and eliminate the potential sources of error which are an ever-present threat to quality and reliability. A guiding principle in this process is that human error is a constant, and that controlling it requires a systematic approach. It is essential to control work operations and manufacturing processes as well as inspections and tests. Work operations include design, materials procurement, vendor liaison, configuration control and packaging. This is the distinction between quality assurance and quality control. Q.C. is a check of the product. Q.A. is a check of the entire system that produces quality, from design to fabrication to shipping and installation. Q.C. is measurement quantification. Q.A. is conceptual, organizational. But the planners who saw the need for formalized Q.A. systems had more on their minds than the complexity of modern weapons systems. They were worried about human nature too.

  14. Quality assurance methodology and applications to abdominal imaging PQI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paushter, David M; Thomas, Stephen

    2016-03-01

    Quality assurance has increasingly become an integral part of medicine, with tandem goals of increasing patient safety and procedural quality, improving efficiency, lowering cost, and ultimately improving patient outcomes. This article reviews quality assurance methodology, ranging from the PDSA cycle to the application of lean techniques, aimed at operational efficiency, to continually evaluate and revise the health care environment. Alignment of goals for practices, hospitals, and healthcare organizations is critical, requiring clear objectives, adequate resources, and transparent reporting. In addition, there is a significant role played by regulatory bodies and oversight organizations in determining external benchmarks of quality, practice, and individual certification and reimbursement. Finally, practical application of quality principles to practice improvement projects in abdominal imaging will be presented.

  15. Automated Quality Assurance Applied to Mammographic Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Davis

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Quality control in mammography is based upon subjective interpretation of the image quality of a test phantom. In order to suppress subjectivity due to the human observer, automated computer analysis of the Leeds TOR(MAM test phantom is investigated. Texture analysis via grey-level co-occurrence matrices is used to detect structures in the test object. Scoring of the substructures in the phantom is based on grey-level differences between regions and information from grey-level co-occurrence matrices. The results from scoring groups of particles within the phantom are presented.

  16. Quality assurance in research and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is propounded that, given high status for the Research and Development (R and D) activity of the comapny or site, ''freeing'' the scientists and engineers involved at the innovative decision-taking point helps quality. Effort and money to raise the latter may be best spent in ensuring better calibre, background and training of them, making more meaningful the teamwork across the supplier/customer interfaces, and avoiding risk of misunderstanding of the use to be made of the outcome of the R and D endeavour. But the staff's conscience towards quality, hand in hand with safety, must be constantly stimulated. (author)

  17. Quality Assurance Review of SKB's Copper Corrosion Experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SKB is preparing a license application for the construction of a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Sweden. This application will be supported by the safety assessment SR-Site for the post-closure phase. The assessment of long-term safety is based on a broad range of experimental results from laboratory scale, intermediate scale and up to full scale experiments. It is essential that there is a satisfactory level of assurance that experiments have been carried out with sufficient quality, so that results can be considered to be reliable within the context of their use in safety assessment. The former named authority, SKI, has initiated a series of reviews of SKB's methods of quality assurance and their implementation. This quality assurance review is focused on the work of copper corrosion being conducted in at SKB's Hard Rock Laboratory (HRL) in Aespoe, LOT and Miniature canister (Minican) experiments. In order for the reviewers to get a broad understanding of the issue of copper corrosion both SKB reports as well as the viewpoint of MKG was collected prior to commencement of the actual review task. The purpose of this project is to assess SKB's quality assurance with the view of providing input for the preparation of the SR-Site safety assessment. This has been achieved by examination of the corrosion part of the LOT and Minican experiments using a check list, visits to the relevant facilities, and meetings with contractors and a few members of the SKB staff. The same approach for quality assurance reviews has been used earlier in similar review tasks. During the quality review of the selected projects, several QA- related issues of different degree of severity was noted by the reviewers. The most significant finding was that SKB has chosen to present only selected real-time corrosion monitoring data in TR-09-20. This was surprising and SSM expect that SKB will analyse the reason for this thoroughly. The reviewers also made other observations which can be

  18. Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities in the USGS Ohio Water Science Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francy, Donna S.; Shaffer, Kimberly H.

    2008-01-01

    In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been written for use by the Ohio Water Science Center in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Ohio Water Science Center for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the Ohio Water Science Center quality-assurance plans for water-quality monitors, the microbiology laboratory, and surface-water and ground-water activities.

  19. Quality assurance in X-ray diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the purpose of establishing a reference system for quality assessments, the book presents and explains the quality criteria of importance to the X-ray diagnosis of the various body areas, and specifies the particular requirements to be met by the diagnostic technique in order to achieve optimum imaging. As the method of computerized tomography meanwhile is an accepted tool of X-ray diagnostics, the book also refers to this method in particular, stating the quality criteria and the technical requirements. It is dealt with as the tool allowing full utilization of all diagnostic means, with prevention of unnecessary exposure and cost being a high-priority objective. The book also discusses all particulars of the quality control of equipment, explaining various checking systems that in general are in line with the 3-stage concept published by the WHO, covering acceptance tests, in-service inspection, and consistency tests. Practical experience reports by five institutions are put together to present a useful survey of the technical characteristics to be tested, of the tolerance margins, testing methods, and evaluation of results, so that the parameters significance in practice is well explained. With 169 figs., 48 tabs

  20. Legacy Management CERCLA Sites. Quality Assurance Project Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, 'Quality Assurance Requirements', ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, 'Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs - Requirements with Guidance for Use', and ISO 14001-2004, 'Environmental Management Systems', have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, 'Quality Assurance Program', identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, 'QA Program Implementation', identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for implementing the QA

  1. Audio Quality Assurance : An Application of Cross Correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jurik, Bolette Ammitzbøll; Nielsen, Jesper Asbjørn Sindahl

    2012-01-01

    We describe algorithms for automated quality assurance on content of audio files in context of preservation actions and access. The algorithms use cross correlation to compare the sound waves. They are used to do overlap analysis in an access scenario, where preserved radio broadcasts are used in...

  2. Support for Quality Assurance in End-User Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klepper, Robert; McKenna, Edward G.

    1989-01-01

    Suggests an approach that organizations can take to provide centralized support services for quality assurance in end-user information systems, based on the experiences of a support group at Citicorp Mortgage, Inc. The functions of the support group include user education, software selection, and assistance in testing, implementation, and support…

  3. The Rockford School of Medicine Undergraduate Quality Assurance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Daniel; And Others

    1976-01-01

    An undergraduate program of ambulatory care quality assurance is described which has been operational at the Rockford School of Medicine for three years. Focus is on involving students in peer review and related audit activities. Results of preliminary evaluation are reported and generalizations offered. (JT)

  4. Quality assurance during site construction of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides requirements and recommendations related to the establishment and implementation of a quality assurance programme for the site construction activities at nuclear power plants. These include activities such as fabricating, erecting, installing, handling, storing, cleaning, flushing, inspecting, testing, modifying, repairing, and maintaining

  5. European guidelines for quality assurance in cervical histopathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulten, J.; Horvat, R.; Jordan, J.; Herbert, A.; Wiener, H.; Arbyn, M.

    2011-01-01

    The current paper presents Chapter 5 of the second edition of the European Guidelines for Quality Assurance in Cervical Cancer Screening, which deals with the histopathological diagnosis of lesions of the uterine cervix. It completes a series of publications in journals containing the contents of ot

  6. Assessment report for Hanford analytical services quality assurance plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report documents the assessment results of DOE/RL-94-55, Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan. The assessment was conducted using the Requirement and Self-Assessment Database (RSAD), which contains mandatory and nonmandatory DOE Order statements for the relevant DOE orders

  7. 10 CFR 74.59 - Quality assurance and accounting requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... planning, coordinating, and administering material control and accounting functions, independence of... Section 74.59 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Formula Quantities of Strategic Special Nuclear Material § 74.59 Quality assurance...

  8. Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

  9. Gastric cancer : staging, treatment, and surgical quality assurance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dikken, Johannes Leen

    2012-01-01

    Research described in this thesis focuses on several aspects of gastric cancer care: staging and prognostication, multimodality treatment, and surgical quality assurance. PART I - STAGING AND PROGNOSTICATION Cancer staging is one of the fundamental activities in oncology.6,7 For over 50 years, the

  10. Quality Assurance in Services that gives the SSDL of Guatemala

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of the activities on quality assurance carried out by the Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory, General Directorate of Energy is presented. The activities are reported under facilities and equipment, audit and procedures. Also describes the facilites and equipment of the SSDL of Guatemala

  11. Reconciling Organisational Culture and External Quality Assurance in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidoo, Dhaya

    2013-01-01

    Organisational culture and external quality assurance have both been presented as significant drivers of effectiveness, efficiency and excellence in higher education institutions. However, these assumptions have not been critically examined given the philosophical, conceptual and methodological contestations surrounding both constructs. A…

  12. 40 CFR 265.19 - Construction quality assurance program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... program. (a) CQA program. (1) A construction quality assurance (CQA) program is required for all surface... components, where applicable: (i) Foundations; (ii) Dikes; (iii) Low-permeability soil liners; (iv... specifications and good engineering practices, and proper installation of all components (e.g., pipes)...

  13. Quality assurance of radiopharmaceuticals-specifications and test procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a compilation of test methods used and specifications adopted for the Radiopharmaceutical Quality Assurance Test Programme conducted by the Australian Radiation Laboratory. In some cases test procedures described have been taken from various Pharmacopoeias or methods published in the literature. In other cases test methods have been developed at the ARL

  14. Value of audits in breast cancer screening quality assurance programmes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geertse, Tanya D.; Holland, Roland; Timmers, Janine M. H.; Paap, Ellen; Pijnappel, Ruud M.; Broeders, Mireille J. M.; den Heeten, Gerard J.

    2015-01-01

    Our aim was to retrospectively evaluate the results of all audits performed in the past and to assess their value in the quality assurance of the Dutch breast cancer screening programme. The audit team of the Dutch Reference Centre for Screening (LRCB) conducts triennial audits of all 17 reading uni

  15. Chile - Institutional Design for an Effective Education Quality Assurance

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2007-01-01

    The main objective of this report is to present the Government of Chile with policy options related to the institutional distribution of roles and responsibilities for effective quality assurance in education. Following the introduction, the report is structured as follows. Chapter II presents background information on the evolution of Chile's education system since 1980. This information,...

  16. Near-Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by U.S. Department of Energy Order 5400.1 (DOE 1990) as a part of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE-RL 1997) and is used to define: Environmental measurement and sampling locations used to monitor environmental contaminants near active and inactive facilities and waste storage and disposal sites; Procedures and equipment needed to perform the measurement and sampling; Frequency and analyses required for each measurement and sampling location; Minimum detection level and accuracy; Quality assurance components; and Investigation levels. Near-facility environmental monitoring for the Hanford Site is conducted in accordance with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy Orders 5400.1 (DOE 1990), 5400.5 (DOE 1993), 5484.1 (DOE 1990), and 435.1 (DOE 1999), and DOE/EH-O173T (DOE 1991). It is Waste Management Technical Services' objective to manage and conduct near-facility environmental monitoring activities at the Hanford Site in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner that is in compliance with the letter and spirit of these regulations and other environmental regulations, statutes, and standards

  17. From Quality Assurance to Quality Practices: An Investigation of Strong Microcultures in Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mårtensson, Katarina; Roxå, Torgny; Stensaker, Bjørn

    2014-01-01

    One of the main beliefs in quality assurance is that this activity--indirectly--will stimulate change in the work practices associated with teaching and learning in higher education. However, few studies have provided empirical evidence of the existence of such a link. Instead, quality assurance has created an unfortunate divide between formal…

  18. Quality assurance protocol for linear accelerators used in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiotherapy is a modality of choice for treatment of malignant diseases. Linear accelerators are the most common devices for implementing external radiation therapy. Taking into account the fact during the treatment, healthy tissue will inevitably be exposed to ionizing radiation, predicted dose in each radiotherapy case should be delivered with the greatest possible accuracy. Medical requirement for quality treatment achieving means as mach as possible dose into volume of interest and the greatest possible healthy tissue protection. From radiation protection point of view, occupational exposure of the staff involved in radiotherapy process should be minimized. To be able to reach it, consistent adherence to the Quality Assurance Programme is necessary. It should be in accordance with higher national and international protocols, because they give guidelines on the necessary standards, procedures, processes, resources and responsibilities that should be defined in structuring the overall radiotherapy quality management. As a part of this Master thesis, quality management as well as Quality Assurance Programme that is necessary to be applied in each radiotherapy center have been prepared. Mandatory dosimetry measurements included in the internal recommendations are also emphasized. Measurement results and external audit by IAEA indicated high accuracy and quality radiotherapy dose delivering in Macedonia. Based on the measurements and analysis, the aim of this Master thesis is offering a Quality Assurance Protocol for external beam radiotherapy that can be used on the national level in Republic of Macedonia. (Author)

  19. Software Quality Assurance-Challenges in Launch Vehicle Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poofa Gopalan

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Launch vehicle projects now depend on software, more than ever before, to ensure safetyand efficiency. Such critical software syfiems, which can lead to injury, destruction or loss ofvital equipment, human lives, and damage to environment, must be developed and verified withhigh level of quality and reliability. An overview of current quality practices pursued in launchvehicle projects is presented in this paper. These practices have played a vital role in the successfullaunch vehicle missions of Indian Space Research Organisation. As complexity of softwareincreases, the activity that gets affected is nothing but, software quality assurance (SQA. TheSQA team is facing a lot of challenges in current practices. This paper brings out such challengesin different phases of software life cycle. A set of key points to some techniques and tools, thatcould contribute to meet the software quality 'assurance challenges in launch vehicle projects,are also discussed.

  20. QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY: QUALITATIVE ASSESMENT OF NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    OFOBRUKU SYLVESTER ABOMEH; Amagbakhan Omoghan Roland

    2013-01-01

    Hospitality is currently the fasted growing economic activity in Abuja-Nigeria. It has also been instrumental in creating jobs and has significant impact on other sectors of economic growth. Based on the above factors much attention need to be placed on the quality of the hospitality industry in Abuja-Nigeria in other to systematic compete with other destinations. Quality assurance is becoming an increasing integral component of the service industry. However, despite some indication that qual...

  1. The role of admission control in assuring multiple services quality

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Paulo; Lima, Solange; Freitas, Vasco

    2006-01-01

    Considering that network overprovisioning by itself is not always an attainable and everlasting solution, Admission Control (AC) mechanisms are recommended to keep network load controlled and assure the required service quality levels. This article debates the role of AC in multiservice IP networks, providing an overview and discussion of current and representative AC approaches, highlighting their main characteristics, pros and cons regarding the management of network services quality. I...

  2. Provision and Quality Assurance of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    IBARRETA RUIZ DOLORES; Zika, Eleni

    2008-01-01

    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is now well established and provided in many European countries. However, regulations, professional standards and accreditation requirements can differ notably. Furthermore, no comprehensive independent data exist either about practice and provision in Europe or about the quality assurance practices and procedures designed to optimize the quality of the results. Consequently, a study was launched to obtain knowledge, currently lacking, of the provision ...

  3. Quality assurance implementation in TUSAS Aerospace Industries Inc (TAI)

    OpenAIRE

    Aydogan, Alp I

    1993-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent Univ., 1993. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1993. Includes bibliographical references leaves 127-131. TAI established for F-16 aircraft production, is a unique organization in Turkey. Hiough it is a Turkish company TAI operates within an mtemational cliain in production and manages a Quality Assurance System tliat satisfies strict quality requirements. TAI is also tr...

  4. NKS/SOS-1 seminar on quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The backgrounds and the conduct of the seminar is described. Summaries are given of all presentations and slides shown are appended. An account is given of discussions on different quality issues which were conducted during the seminar in separate groups. Concluding remarks made by the Chairman of NKS are reproduced. Further conclusions will be presented in the main report from the project 'Views on quality assurance at Finnish and Swedish nuclear power plants and the Halden reactor'. (au)

  5. Quality assurance of qualitative research: a review of the discourse

    OpenAIRE

    Reynolds Joanna; Kizito James; Ezumah Nkoli; Mangesho Peter; Allen Elizabeth; Chandler Clare

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Increasing demand for qualitative research within global health has emerged alongside increasing demand for demonstration of quality of research, in line with the evidence-based model of medicine. In quantitative health sciences research, in particular clinical trials, there exist clear and widely-recognised guidelines for conducting quality assurance of research. However, no comparable guidelines exist for qualitative research and although there are long-standing debates ...

  6. Quality assurance of qualitative research: a review of the discourse.

    OpenAIRE

    Reynolds, J; Kizito, J; Ezumah, N; Mangesho, P; Allen, E; Chandler, C.

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Increasing demand for qualitative research within global health has emerged alongside increasing demand for demonstration of quality of research, in line with the evidence-based model of medicine. In quantitative health sciences research, in particular clinical trials, there exist clear and widely-recognised guidelines for conducting quality assurance of research. However, no comparable guidelines exist for qualitative research and although there are long-standing deb...

  7. BIM system for the quality assurance of the Spinkler systems

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlovič, Vasja

    2016-01-01

    The thesis deals with the use of BIM tehnology for the quality assurance of design, installation and maintenance of fire sprinkler systems in buildings which are integral to measures for the protection of human lifes. BIM solutions for the fire sprinkler systems enable increased productivity in design, improved quality of plans, as well as facilitate and improve communication and the coordination between participants in the construction project. BIM solutions have built-in tools and librar...

  8. Quality assurance in a cask fleet parts control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses applicable portions of the eighteen Quality Assurance criteria of Subpart H, 10 CFR 71 which are incorporated into a relational data base system which has been designed to manage the spare parts control system for a fleet of spent nuclear fuel casks. The system includes not only parts in warehouse storage but parts in use in the field plus casks, ancillary equipment, test equipment, support devices, and even personnel. It provides a high degree of assurance that any device for which a condition for certification has expired will be flagged for recertification testing or removal from service well before the critical date

  9. Qualification and training of quality assurance personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction. Qualification and certification: definitions; approach of the problem. A first attempt for its solutions. The 'sample' course; results and conclusions. Planning a comprehensive program: results. Analysis and preliminary conclusions. Absorption of the know-how and planning further programs for training. Development and updating the general training course with the introduction of German experience - summary of results. General planning of a training course for quality and reliability are as for the next courses. Evaluation, grading and final results awarded to participants, as followed in QA-Training courses - certification. Future trends (tentative) - conclusions. (orig./RW)

  10. Quality assurance for external personnel monitoring in nuclear industrial facilities, CNNC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 6000 personnel are currently being monitored for occupational exposure in CNNC, China. Personnel monitoring is one of the important items of radiation protection. The data of individual dose are not only indispensable for radiation safety assessment but also the basis for radiation protection measures to be taken. Possibly, it could provide basic information for epidemiological studies, optimization procedure of radiation protection (risk/benefit analyses) and medical or legal purposes. Obviously, personnel monitoring and its quality assurance are very significant

  11. Isotopic power supplies for space and terrestrial systems: quality assurance by Sandia National Laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hannigan, R.L.; Harnar, R.R.

    1981-09-01

    The Sandia National Laboratories participation in Quality Assurance (QA) programs for Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators which have been used in space and terrestrial systems over the past 15 years is summarized. Basic elements of the program are briefly described and recognition of assistance from other Sandia organizations is included. Descriptions of the various systems for which Sandia has had the QA responsibility are also presented. In addition, the outlook for Sandia participation in RTG programs for the next several years is noted.

  12. Quality assurance program in diagnostic radiology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aiming to elaborate a methodology to optimize the performance of the Radiology Service of the Military Police Hospital, in Rio dee Janeiro, some goals were established: improvement of the attendance to patients; improvement of the qualification of technicians; achievement and maintenance of high degrees of quality in each step of the radiological process; improvement of the image quality; optimization of dose per examination and cost reduction. The procedure used to detect faults in the radiological process was the analysis of causes of film losses. Results show a 70% reduction in the film rejection rate. 74% of total identified faults were due to equipment, 11% to films, 10% to patients and 5% to developing. The reduction in the cost of developed film reached 75%. A training course given to the staff of the radiological service fully reached its goals, contributing, with the staff motivation, mostly to the success of the program. This success indicates that, with a serious persistent work, it is possible to offer to patients services within their expectations, even at a public hospital. Such programs should be supported by health authorities, not only due to their technical and economic needs but, mostly, due to their social implications. (author). 10 refs., 11 figs

  13. Quality assurance in radiotherapy dosimetry in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1995, the SSDL in the Laboratory of Industrial Hygiene cooperated with Beijing Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical science joined the IAEA Co-ordinated Research Programme (NO.8769/RO). According to the requirements of the project, an External Audit Group (EAG) in China was established in 1996 with the responsibilities of operating TLD-based quality audit for radiotherapy dosimetry. Since then. The national TLD dose quality audit services have been carried out in 7 provinces in China. Besides this, the national programmes for brachytherapy and stereostatic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment dosimetry were initiated in 2001. The activity measurement intercomparison between the SSDL and some hospitals for Ir-192 HDR brachytherapy sources has been performed using a HDR well-type ionization chamber (Model HDR 1000 plus) and CDX-2000A Charge Digitizer, which were calibrated in Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory, University of Wisconsin, USA. The preliminary results indicated that the agreement between SSDL measured activity and hospital stated activity was within ±5% for more than 80% of total participants

  14. Manual on quality assurance for installation and commissioning of instrumentation, control and electrical equipment in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present Manual on Quality Assurance (QA) for Installation and Commissioning of Instrumentation, Control and Electrical (ICE) Equipment of Nuclear Power Plants contains supporting material and illustrative examples for implementing basic requirements of the quality assurance programme in procurement, receiving, installation and commissioning of this equipment. The Manual on Quality Assurance for Installation and Commissioning of ICE Equipment is designed to supplement and be consistent with the Guidebook as well as with the IAEA Code and Safety Guides on Quality Assurance. It is intended for the use of managerial staff and QA personnel of nuclear power plant owners or the organizations respectively responsible for the legal, technical, administrative and financial aspects of a nuclear power plant. The information provided in the Manual will also be useful to the inspection staff of the regulatory organization in the planning and performance of regulatory inspections at nuclear power plants

  15. INFORMATION ON STRATEGIES FOR ACHIEVING COMPLIANCE WITH THE GUIDELINES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Sali, Maryam; Akor, Philip Usman

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the strategies adopted for achieving compliance with the guidelines for quality assurance in Nigerian university system using descriptiveresearch method. It focused on the concepts of quality and quality assurance, quality assurance guidelines in the Nigerian university system and strategies adopted by the NUC, for achieving compliance with the quality assurance guidelines. The paper also highlighted the challenges hindering the effective achievement of compliance with the...

  16. Education for All in South Africa: Developing a National System for Quality Assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, William J.; Ngoma-Maema, Wendy Yolisa

    2003-01-01

    Draws on international research, policy, and practice relevant to quality assurance systems to analyze the development of a national framework for educational quality assurance in South Africa. Describes an emerging framework for quality assurance that encompasses evaluation of student achievement, quality audits and reviews, program and service…

  17. UMTRA Project Office quality assurance program plan. Revision 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites. The UMTRA Project's mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the UMTRA Project Office and its contractors

  18. [International accreditation of medical school towards quality assurance of medical education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshioka, Toshimasa; Nara, Nobuo

    2013-01-01

    An internationalization of practical medicine evoked international migrations of medical professionals. Since basic medical education is different among countries, the internationalization required international quality assurance of medical education. Global trend moves toward establishment of international accreditation system based on international standards. The World Federation for Medical Education proposed Global Standards for Quality Improvement as the international standards. Medical schools in Japan have started to establish program evaluation system. The standards which incorporated international standards have been published. The system for accreditation is being considered. An accreditation body, Japan Accreditation Council for Medical Education, is under construction. The accreditation is expected to enhance quality of education in Japan. PMID:24291905

  19. QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEMS IN POLISH AND UKRAINIAN HIGHER EDUCATION. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Tutko

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the progress made to develop external and internal quality assurance systems in Polish and Ukrainian higher education in the European Higher Education Area background. The focus of the paper is on the extent to which quality assurance systems in these countries are following the Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area. Furthermore, internal and external quality assur-ance in the European context is presented in the article. The authors of the article also conducted a comparative analysis of quality assurance systems in Polish and Ukrainian higher education.

  20. Acceptance testing and quality assurance of Simulix evolution radiotherapy simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The success of radiotherapy depends on precise treatment simulation and proper patient positioning. The simulator is a conventional radiographic and fluoroscopic system which emulates the geometrical positions of radiotherapy treatment unit. Hence, the acceptance tests and quality assurance (QA) of the simulator are important prior to its commissioning for the safe and precise clinical use. The verification of mechanical and optical readouts, field size, isocenter, optical and radiation field congruence were performed. The X-ray beam parameters were tested for kVp, mAs and consistency of radiation output. The flat panel detector performance was checked with respect to resolution, low contrast sensitivity (LCS), automatic dose rate control (ADRC), and gray image resolution (GIR). Gantry, table, and imaging system collision possibility was checked. Radiation survey around the room was also performed. The field size test for digital readout and on graph paper, the results of isocenter checkup for rotation of gantry, collimator, and couch, and the deviations observed in auto stop for various movements were found within the tolerance limits. Optical field and radiation field was found congruent. All the lasers were found aligned with the established isocenter. Maximum deviation for set and measured kV was found to be 3% in fluoro mode. The maximum deviation observed in mAs was 1.5% in 3-point as well as in 2-point film exposed mode. The X-ray output was found consistent. The results of tests for resolution, LCS, ADRC, and GIR of the flat panel detector were within tolerance limits. All the six safety interlocks were found working. Radiation level around the room was found within the acceptable limits. All the tests carried out were found within the tolerance limits. The data which has been taken in this study will provide basic support to the routine QA of the simulator. (author)

  1. Quality-Assured and Sociality-Enriched Multimedia Mobile Mashup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Hongguang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mashups are getting more complex with the addition of rich-media and real-time services. The new research challenges will be how to guarantee the quality of the aggregated services, and how to share them in a collaborative manner. This paper presents a metadata-based mashup framework in Next Generation Wireless Network (NGWN, which guarantees the quality and supports social interactions. In contrast to existing quality-assured approaches, the proposed mashup model addresses the quality management issue from a new perspective through defining the Quality of Service (QoS metadata into two levels: fidelity (user perspective and modality (application perspective. The quality is assured from quality-aware service selection and quality-adaptable service delivery. Furthermore, the mashup model is extended for users to annotate services collaboratively. The annotation occurs in two ways, social tagging (e.g., rating and comments and QoS attributes (e.g., device type and access network, etc.. In order to apply this network-independent metadata model into NGWN architecture, we further introduce a new entity named Multimedia Mashup Engine (MME which enables seamlessly access to the services and Adaptation Decision Taking (ADT. Finally, our prototype system and the simulation results demonstrate the performance of the proposed work.

  2. Quality Assurance and Control in Laboratory using Neutron Activation Analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In accordance with the increment of international trade associated with the worldwide globalization, the importance of quality assurance and control for the commodity produced from one's own country has been stressed. ISO (International Organization for Standards) defines quality control as 'the operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill the requirements for quality'. Since 1996, the HANARO research reactor in the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute has been operated thereafter initial critical operation on April 1995. Neutron activation analysis system and applied techniques which is one of a nuclear analytical technologies using reactor neutrons has been developed for user's supporting and the establishment of the quality system for a measurement and analysis, testing and inspection was implemented successfully. On the basis of the qualified NAA system, the test and measurement of more than 1500 samples which is requested from 30 organizations including industrial companies, universities and institutes carried out in NAA laboratory annually. Moreover, as the goal of mutual recognition agreement (MRA) which can be removed a technical barrier in international trade, the objectivity and the confidence of analytical quality in NAA laboratory became established through the installation of international accreditation system by implementing analytical quality system in accordance with international standards in 2001. The aim of the report was to summarize the technical management of introduction, methods and the results for a quality control and assurance which should be performed in NAA technique using the HANARO research reactor. The report will help building up effective quality control strategy in the future

  3. The importance of outcome measurement in quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauman, M K

    1991-04-01

    Quality assurance in health care has been an evolutionary process, beginning thousands of years ago with expressions of concern about how to care for other human beings properly. Perhaps the most notable of these expressions were those recorded by Hippocrates in his discourses on medical ethics. In more recent times, we easily are able to trace the evolution of quality assurance beliefs from emphases placed first on structure, then on process, then on a combination of structure and process, to now when we see a gradual awakening to the importance of a third element, patient outcomes. Quality, in any endeavor, does not just happen. It is, rather, the result of trial and error, practice, and hard work. In short, it is the result of learning, and hand-in-hand with learning goes communicating. By taking patient outcomes into consideration, we create a feedback system, a communication process conducive to learning in that it effectively opens up the avenues joining the three elements of health care: (1) structure, (2) process, and (3) patient outcome. We live in an era of fast-paced change where time is a precious commodity; we cannot, especially in the health care industry, afford to waste it. In seeking to formulate a systematic approach to quality assurance, focusing on only one of the three components of health care identified to date would be foolish. Effective change is based on effective communication, and from years of experience, it is clear that the best approach to high quality assurance is one that takes all elements into account.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2045443

  4. Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

    2002-09-30

    The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

  5. Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4)

  6. Quality Assurance program plan - plutonium stabilization and handling project W-460

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies Project Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all parties participating in the design, procurement, demolition, construction, installation, inspection and testing for Project W-460

  7. Quality in e-learning:A framework for promoting and assuring quality in virtual institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Masoumi, Davoud; Lindstrom, Berner

    2012-01-01

    With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role players’ satisfaction in higher education settings cannot go unheeded. Addressing the concerns regarding enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, ...

  8. The role of the EPA radiation quality assurance program in the measurement quality assurance accreditation program for radioassay laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grady, T.M. [Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Las Vegas, NV (United States)

    1993-12-31

    As the nature and extent of radiological contamination becomes better documented and more public, radioanalytical laboratories are faced with a constantly expanding variety of new and difficult analytical requirements. Concurrent with those requirements is the responsibility to provide customers, regulatory officials, or the public with defensible data produced in an environment of verifiable, controlled quality. To meet that need, a quality assurance accreditation program for radioassay laboratories has been proposed by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The standard will provide the organizational framework and functional requirements needed to assure the quality of laboratory outputs. Under the proposed program, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Laboratory Intercomparison Program plays a key role as a reference laboratory. The current and proposed roles of the EPA Intercomparison Program are discussed, as are the functional relationships between EPA, the accreditating organization, and the service and monitoring laboratories.

  9. Quality Control, Quality Assurance, and Quality Improvement-What is the Difference and Why Should Compounding Pharmacies Care?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabaleiro, Joe

    2009-01-01

    This article provides scenarios of three different pharmacies in the areas of quality control, quality assurance, and quality improvement. The scenarios show the importance that each pharmacy placed on a problem of dented capsules and the potential impact that an unresolved problem can have on a compounding pharmacy's business. Although this article focuses on one particular procedure, the purpose of th article is to help pharmacists understand the differences between quality control, quality assurance, and quality improvement. PMID:23966522

  10. The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

  11. Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

    1993-03-01

    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

  12. Development strategies in design and process planning quality assurance context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Duda

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available According to the new development strategies, the product development focuses on as much as possible parallel execution of alldevelopment related product life cycle phases, thus creating CE (Concurrent Engineering approach. Its further extension is CEE (CrossEnterprises Engineering approach incorporating the relations between business and engineering activities, so securing also the access tothe resources of cooperating enterprises. Computer integration of product phases can be viewed as functional, informational and complexintegration. The process planning quality is assured on the design and technological process planning stage with the use of methods andsystems processing the data from the other product development phases. The paper presents the methods and systems for design andprocess planning quality assurance in the product life cycle as well as the possibility for the implementation of the presented productdevelopment phases.

  13. Review of SKB's Quality Assurance Programme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldwin, Tamara D.; Hicks, Timothy W. (Galson Sciences LTD, Oakham, Rutland (United Kingdom))

    2009-06-15

    SKB is preparing a license application for the construction of a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Sweden. This application will be supported by the safety assessment SR-Site for the post-closure phase. The assessment of long-term safety is based on a broad range of experimental results from laboratory scale, intermediate scale and up to full scale experiments. It is essential that there is a satisfactory level of assurance that experiments have been carried of with sufficient quality, so that results can be considered to be reliable within the context of their use in safety assessment. SSM has initiated a series of reviews of SKB's methods of quality assurance and their implementation. This project includes reviews of the quality assurance (QA) procedures and instructions that have been prepared for the SR-Site assessment as well as reviews of QA implementation at the canister and buffer/backfill laboratories in Oskarshamn, Sweden. The purpose of this project is to assess SKB's quality assurance with the view of providing a good basis for subsequent quality reviews in the context of future licensing. This has been achieved by examination of a number of SKB experiments using a check list, visits to the relevant facilities, and meetings with contractors and a few members of the SKB staff. Overall, the reviewed set of QA documents and instructions do provide reasonably comprehensive coverage of quality-affecting issues relating to the SR-Site safety assessment and, if implemented correctly, will generate confidence in the reliability of the safety assessment results. The results show that the efforts involving quality assurance are increasing within the SKB programme and in general appear to be satisfactory for ongoing experiments and measurements. However, progress in development of the QA documents and instructions has been relatively recent and it may be difficult for these to be fully implemented in the short period remaining before the planned

  14. Participation in Quality Assurance Programs in the Apple Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Bewsell, Denise; Kaine, Geoff

    2006-01-01

    There are several quality assurance (QA) programs operating in Australia for horticulturalists. The documentation of orchard activities and decision making are key features of any QA system. Activities of interest are management of pest and diseases, irrigation, fertiliser management, and fruit production and packing. This documentation provides a means of tracing product flow and is evidence that growers are acting in an environmentally responsible manner to help achieve food safety. QA syst...

  15. Quality assurance of biomedical equipment repair process on technical condition

    OpenAIRE

    Кучеренко, Валентина Леонідівна

    2014-01-01

    Construction of a system of biomedical equipment repair on the actual technical condition is considered, and results of research in this area are given in the paper. The purpose of the research is to analyze the ways of quality assurance of biomedical equipment repair process in transition to the operation on the actual technical condition. Using the methods and means for the repair process stages automation allows to estimate actual technical condition of biomedical equipment. The analysis o...

  16. Quality assurance system for sitting high risk facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper shows how we have conceived and designed the quality assurance system for the site selection process of an area for sitting the facility of high risk in correspondence with the approved methodology. The results obtained in the implementation of the system have permitted the satisfactory performance of each one the expected stage, defining the most favorable sectors in order to continue the studies of the repository site for the disposal of low and intermedium. (author)

  17. Management of Mobile Web Application Development with Quality Assurance

    OpenAIRE

    Alin Zamfiroiu; Bogdan Vintila

    2013-01-01

    Mobile applications are becoming increasingly used because of the multitude of existing mobile devices. Mobile application development becomes more complex. For mobile devices there are native applications that run directly on the device, web applications accessed via mobile browsers and hybrid applications. Mobile Application Development in any form should be made with quality assurance since when determining the target group and the application architecture. Management of mobile application...

  18. Development of a multihospital pharmacy quality assurance program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, R P; Ravin, R; Colaluca, D M; Gifford, R; Grimes, D; Grzegorczyk, R; Keown, F; Kuhr, F; McKay, R; Peyser, J; Ryan, R; Zalewski, C

    1980-07-01

    Seven community hospitals have worked cooperatively for 18 months to develop an initial hospital pharmacy quality assurance program. Auditing criteria were developed for nine service areas corresponding to the model program developed by the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists. Current plans are to implement and modify this program as required at each participating hospital. Follow-up programs will also be essential to a functional, ongoing program, and these will be developed in the future. PMID:10247657

  19. An approach to software quality assurance for robotic inspection systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Software quality assurance (SQA) for robotic systems used in nuclear waste applications is vital to ensure that the systems operate safely and reliably and pose a minimum risk to humans and the environment. This paper describes the SQA approach for the control and data acquisition system for a robotic system being developed for remote surveillance and inspection of underground storage tanks (UST) at the Hanford Site

  20. NOTE: Comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaseshan, R.; Heydarian, M.

    2003-07-01

    We have used a commercially available high precision LucyTM phantom to perform comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments. The quantitative evaluation of system uncertainties included imaging, planning and treatment delivery systems. The quality assurance tests showed that the well-defined targets were identified to within +/-1 mm in all the imaging modalities. The pre-known target volumes were reproduced within 2 cm3 in both MR and CT. The planned target was delivered within 2% of the prescribed dose and to within 2 mm accuracy. The inaccuracy in the isocentre position at the Linac was less than 1.2 mm. The maximum error observed in the depth helmet was 0.5 mm and the overall uncertainty was within 0.23 mm. We have also established a quality assurance program based on the study and proposed the tolerance and the frequency of the tests required to be carried out. The tests were carried out using a Radionics planning system and delivered on a Varian Clinac 2100 linear accelerator machine. These tests also established a base line for future comparisons.

  1. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... processed under direct control of the National Institutes of Health or the Food and Drug Administration of... quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section 46.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  2. The Standards Paradox: How Quality Assurance Regimes Can Subvert Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Norman; Bates, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    The quest continues to standardise quality assurance systems throughout the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) under the auspices of the Bologna Process and led by the European Network for Quality Assurance (ENQA). Mirroring its member organisation in England, the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA), ENQA identifies, as one of its core aims, the…

  3. An In-Depth Study on the Impact of External Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stensaker, Bjorn; Langfeldt, Liv; Harvey, Lee; Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don

    2011-01-01

    After more than two decades of external quality assurance, there is an increasing interest in questions concerning the impact and effects of this activity. Following an external evaluation of NOKUT--the Norwegian quality assurance agency, this article studies the impact of external quality assurance in detail by analysing quantitative and…

  4. Quality assurance program plan for low-level waste at the WSCF Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for the implementation of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for the management of low-level waste at the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility (WSCF) Laboratory Complex as required by WHC-CM-4-2, Quality Assurance Manual, which is based on Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities, NQA-1 (ASME)

  5. Legacy Management CERCLA Sites. Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riddle, Donna L.

    2007-05-03

    S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, “Quality Assurance Requirements,” ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, “Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs – Requirements with Guidance for Use,” and ISO 14001-2004, “Environmental Management Systems,” have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, “Quality Assurance Program,” identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, “QA Program Implementation,” identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for

  6. A quality assurance system based on ISO standards: experience in a radiotherapy department

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European radiotherapy society has for many years had a great interest in quality assurance. The EORTC radiotherapy group has put enormous effort into its quality assurance programmes. However, besides programmes for dosimetry and guide-lines for infrastructure, the organisation of a department should also be subject to a quality assurance system. In 1992, in the radiotherapy department in Leiden, a project was started to develop a quality assurance system based on the so-called ISO 9001 quality standards. This paper describes how these standards can be applied to create a quality assurance system in a hospital department

  7. Uml Alanysis For Quality Assurance Management System for Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmud Kandel

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important concerns of the current institutions of higher education is the management process to ensure quality. The most important problems facing these institutions is the quality assurance evaluation process. One of the best ways to overcome this problem building a system based on a computer to manage that process. We will define this system as "a Quality Assurance Management system For Higher Education (QAMS". During this paper we will explain our vision and analysis to build such a system. During the system construction we must identify the main modules for the system and the relationships between them. Our QAMS will be constructed to enable the quality evaluator to evaluate the institution quality and generate the final quality report automatically without additional efforts. The main purpose from this paper is to explain our QAMS components. This view will be illustrated by using the UML language diagrams as use-case diagram, data flow diagram, flowchart, and activity diagram.

  8. Three steps to a more successful quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The three steps that will be presented are by no means a cure-all for the variety of problems and challenges that a Quality Assurance (QA) Department is faced with in its role in the design and construction of a nuclear power plant. However, these steps are considered to be three of the most important ones in the realization of an effective and efficient QA program. Step 1. Awareness. With the multitude of people involved in activities that effect the resultant Quality of Design, Procurement, and Construction of a nuclear power plant, a concerted effort has been put forth at Bechtel to promote 'Quality Awareness'. This effort has resulted in presentations to thousands of engineers, buyers, superintendents, supervisors and many others to make them more aware of their role in the Quality program. These presentations cover the Quality criteria, organizations, manuals, and implementation responsibilities that constitute the Company Quality program. In addition to the above, many specialized courses covering inspection techniques, communications, auditing, problem solving, etc. have been given to the people involved in the Generic Quality Assurance functions. Step 2. Attitude. Nuclear Power Quality requirements are quite stringent and have presented additional requirements to engineers, buyers, and superintendents who have previously designed and constructed fossil fuel power plants. Logically there was a resistance to these new requirements and a number of attitudes had to be changed. The most effective way that we have found to accomplish this is through communications from top management expressing their support of the Quality Program. Step 3. Objective and economical compliance. With the increased awareness and a more positive attitude toward Quality requirements, Bechtel has been able to devote considerable effort on finding effective methods to comply with Quality requirements in the most economical way. The complete presentation will include several examples of

  9. Assuring quality care: measuring and monitoring the caring process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammentorp, W; Bock, W; Irrgang, S; Gossett, K

    1988-01-01

    Everyone interested in the quality of the human services agrees that it should be largely determined by the interaction between the client and their caregivers. Unfortunately, this exchange has proven to be very difficult to measure in an accurate and timely manner. The resulting uncertainty has prevented smooth adaptation of the caring process to client needs; it has also made it virtually impossible for managers to devise workable quality control systems. This paper describes the use of miniaturized barcode technology for collection of real-time data at the point of care. With the addition of laptop computers, this technology provides for immediate feedback of information to address quality issues in care planning and management. The data bases produced by this system are sources of documentation for quality assurance as well as a dynamic foundation for quality control. PMID:10291607

  10. Quality assurance and performance improvement in intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamkus, Arvydas A; Rice, Kent S; McCaffrey, Michael T

    2013-03-01

    Quality assurance (QA) as it relates to intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) can be defined as the systematic monitoring, evaluation, and modification of the IONM service to insure that desired standards of quality are being met. In practice, that definition is usually extended to include the concept that the quality of the IONM service will be improved wherever possible and, although there are some differences in the two terms, in this article the term QA will be understood to include quality improvement (QI) processes as well. The measurement and documentation of quality is becoming increasingly important to healthcare providers. This trend is being driven by pressures from accrediting agencies, payers, and patients. The essential elements of a QA program are described. A real-life example of QA techniques and management relevant to IONM providers is presented and discussed.

  11. UMTRA technical assistance contractor quality assurance program plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAc Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements

  12. Strengthening Quality Assurance: The Role of University Administrators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akua Ahyia Adu-Oppong

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Modern-day university administrators, in Ghana, seem to have found themselves in a changed environment, with increased and increasing challenges, to operate and achieve success. Several calls have been made on university administrators as important stakeholders in the effective and efficient management of the system in that regard. Roles of administrators are often overlooked when discussing the quality assurance issues in higher education. Administrators have pivotal influence on university policies, faculty morale and general functioning of the system. Considering the role of the university administrator, in the management of the higher education systems in Ghana, this study examines university administrators’ role in ensuring quality of administration in the universities.

  13. Quality assurance in the Juragua Nuclear Power Plant preoperational PSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality Assurance (QA) is nowadays an important requirement for the competence of any production or service, making possible to get the desired quality at the lowest cost In the case of PSA, which are multidisciplinary, very detailed and complex analysis, with many interfaces between analyst tasks, QA plays an important role as a tool for the analytical process management, and it is recognized as one of the PSA issues which require additional development In this paper the QA system developed for the Juragua NPP preoperational PSA, its antecedents and the experiences of its application are described

  14. Management of Mobile Web Application Development with Quality Assurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alin Zamfiroiu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Mobile applications are becoming increasingly used because of the multitude of existing mobile devices. Mobile application development becomes more complex. For mobile devices there are native applications that run directly on the device, web applications accessed via mobile browsers and hybrid applications. Mobile Application Development in any form should be made with quality assurance since when determining the target group and the application architecture. Management of mobile application development is the result obtained and the quality of applications developed in the decisions taken. In this paper decisions made in the development of mobile web applications are presented and how this mobile web application is used by the students.

  15. Quality assurance guidance for low-level radioactive waste disposal facility: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides guidance to an applicant on meeting the quality control (QC) requirements for a low-level waste (LLW) disposal facility. The QC requirements are the basis for developing of a quality assurance (QA) program and for the guidance provided herein. The criteria are basic to any QA program. The document specifically establishes QA guidance for the design, construction, and operation of those structures, systems, components, as well as, for site characterization activities necessary to meet the performance objectives and to limit exposure to our release of radioactivity. 7 refs

  16. Report on nuclear industry quality assurance procedures for safety analysis computer code development and use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of a request from Commissioner V. Gilinsky to investigate in detail the causes of an error discovered in a vendor Emergency Core Cooling System (ECCS) computer code in March, 1978, the staff undertook an extensive investigation of the vendor quality assurance practices applied to safety analysis computer code development and use. This investigation included inspections of code development and use practices of the four major Light Water Reactor Nuclear Steam Supply System vendors and a major reload fuel supplier. The conclusion reached by the staff as a result of the investigation is that vendor practices for code development and use are basically sound. A number of areas were identified, however, where improvements to existing vendor procedures should be made. In addition, the investigation also addressed the quality assurance (QA) review and inspection process for computer codes and identified areas for improvement

  17. Quality assurance and control for robotic GMA welding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quality assurance (QA) model has been developed. This model systematically considers the relevant activities before, during and after the welding operations with respect to quality. Efficient quality assurance requires that the functionality of the present robotic welding systems needs to be increased and that the knowledge of the personnel involved in the design and production needs to be improved. The collaboration between different departments and personnel needs also to be improved. The procedure specification aspects have been studied and a method for the determination of optimal welding parameters is presented with regards to process stability, quality requirements and productivity. A main productivity problem of robotic welding systems for small series production is due to the time spent on the specification of welding procedures. In order to improve the efficiency, expert systems technology has been studied and applied to automatically generate optimal welding procedures. An objective method for the assessment of process stability has been developed, based upon the analysis of the electrical signals of welding arcs. Furthermore, a method has been developed to monitor the process stability. It is found that it is possible to identify the causes of the disturbance of process stability and to predict the weld quality characteristics based on the analysis of the electrical signals. Though quality is formed during the welding operation, the diagnosis of the causes of quality disturbances is important for the prevention of quality problems of subsequent welds and has been discussed. To assist the operators, expert systems technology is also applied. Further work should be directed to the integration of various QA functions in the robotic arc welding system so that both quality and productivity aspects of the system ban be further improved. (au)

  18. Quality assurance of ultrasound imaging instruments by monitoring the monitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, J B; Thorne, G C; Halliwell, M

    1993-11-01

    Ultrasound quality assurance (QA) is a means of assuring the constant performance of an ultrasound instrument. A novel 'ultrasound image analyser' has been developed to allow objective, accurate and repeatable measurement of the image displayed on the ultrasound screen, i.e. as seen by the operator. The analyser uses a television camera/framestore combination to digitize and analyse this image. A QA scheme is described along with the procedures necessary to obtain a repeatable measurement of the image so that comparisons with earlier good images can be made. These include repositioning the camera and resetting the video display characteristics. The advantages of using the analyser over other methods are discussed. It is concluded that the analyser has distinct advantages over subjective image assessment methods and will be a valuable addition to current ultrasound QA programmes. PMID:8272435

  19. Quality Assurance and Control in Laboratory using Neutron Activation Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Y. S.; Moon, J. H.; Sun, G. M.; Kim, S. H.; Baek, S. Y.; Lim, J. M.; Kim, H. R

    2007-01-15

    In accordance with the increment of international trade associated with the worldwide globalization, the importance of quality assurance and control for the commodity produced from one's own country has been stressed. ISO (International Organization for Standards) defines quality control as 'the operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill the requirements for quality'. Since 1996, the HANARO research reactor in the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute has been operated thereafter initial critical operation on April 1995. Neutron activation analysis system and applied techniques which is one of a nuclear analytical technologies using reactor neutrons has been developed for user's supporting and the establishment of the quality system for a measurement and analysis, testing and inspection was implemented successfully. On the basis of the qualified NAA system, the test and measurement of more than 1500 samples which is requested from 30 organizations including industrial companies, universities and institutes carried out in NAA laboratory annually. Moreover, as the goal of mutual recognition agreement (MRA) which can be removed a technical barrier in international trade, the objectivity and the confidence of analytical quality in NAA laboratory became established through the installation of international accreditation system by implementing analytical quality system in accordance with international standards in 2001. The aim of the report was to summarize the technical management of introduction, methods and the results for a quality control and assurance which should be performed in NAA technique using the HANARO research reactor. The report will help building up effective quality control strategy in the future.

  20. How to set up and manage quality control and quality assurance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visschedijk, M.; Hendriks, R.; Nuyts, K.

    2005-01-01

    This document provides a general introduction to clarify the differences between quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA). In addition it serves as a starting point for implementing a quality system approach within an organization. The paper offers practical guidance to the implementation of

  1. Quality assurance in the european higher education area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Karkoszka

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the presented paper aims at motivating the necessity of assuring the quality in higher educationby implementation of the quality management systemDesign/methodology/approach covers the characterisation of strategic aims of the higher education, mostly - the principles of performance of higher education systems making possible the European cooperationand the comparability of the mechanisms and the results of activity.Findings of the carried out research are as follows: implementation of the rules of higher education system should ensure: level of education being the quality standard, coherent educational system allowing for mobile choice of the place of education, universal accessibility of education, lifelong education as well as recognition of knowledge, skills and qualifications in all countries of European Union.Practical implications: refers to any university which wants to assure quality in education by taking partin the Bologna Process.Originality/value: of the presented paper belongs to the idea and the progress of the Bologna Processas a European widespread venture aiming at establishing the European Higher Education Area and determination of the directions of development of higher education and the research systems.

  2. Implantation of a quality assurance system in the National Institute of Nuclear Research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The action lines contained in the National Modernization Program of Public Enterprise and derived from the necessities that the country lives in the present moment they propose the planning of reference frame for create Quality Assurance Programs which would be applicable to every activities and installations of such enterprises because of this paper are described the measures that National Institute of Nuclear Research is proposing to implant through Quality Assurance General Program, that it will be applied to the projects and installations not licentiousness and that it executes with the ISO 9000 standards that actually they have been utilized in the majority of Quality Systems of conventional industries. The above measures will be applied in parallel way to our actual Quality Assurance System, that is applied be regulatory requisites to installations and licenseable projects by the National Commission of Nuclear Safety and Safeguards, since 1980 that it is executing basically with the applied normativity to nuclear field such as 10 CFR 50 AP.B., ANSI N 15.8, 50-C-QA, etc. (Author)

  3. Quality assurance/quality control, reliability and availability of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a first part this lectures will present a survey on nuclear power production and plant performance in the Western World and discuss key parameters such as load factors and non-availability. Some main reasons for reliable performance of nuclear power plants are given. The second part of this lecture deals with the question how quality assurance and quality control measures do directly influence plant reliability, availability and, thus, economy. Derived from worldwide experience gained from operating nuclear power plants, it may be concluded that the implementation of an overall quality assurance programme does not only satisfy safety requirements set forth by the nuclear regulatory bodies, but has also a considerable impact on plant reliability and availability. A positive effect on these figures will be achieved if the established quality assurance programme provides for a coordinated approach to all activities affecting quality. It is discussed how the quality of a product should be controlled and what kind of quality assurance measures by performed examples are given to demonstrate that the expenditure for maintenance work on components will decrease if planned and systematic quality assurance actions have been implemented during all procurement stages. (orig./RW)

  4. Physical aspects of radiotherapy quality assurance: quality control protocol - Update of IAEA TECDOC-1151

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regional project for Latin America (ARCAL XXX) entitled ''Improvement of Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy'' was completed in 2000. One of its more relevant contributions was the development of a quality control protocol for radiotherapy physics, published as an IAEA TECDOC. This was the first document of this type published entirely in Spanish, having a marked practical approach, and focused on the situation of the radiotherapy in Latin America at that time. The document found broad application and was widely adopted in the region. The recommendations and guidelines of the document were also applied in other countries having a similar level of development in radiotherapy. Since the publication of TECDOC-1151, the status of radiotherapy has changed significantly in many of the radiotherapy institutions in the Latin American region. Technological advances and improvements have created the need for a thorough revision of the protocol to reflect the current situation regarding radiotherapy equipment and techniques, keeping it a suitable and practical tool to guarantee high quality in the nowadays rather complex radiotherapy treatments. To fulfill this goal, a specific task was included in the IAEA regional project ''Improvements in Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy in the Latin American Region'' (ARCAL XC), running during the period 2007-2009, where a group of experts was formed and commissioned with the document revision. The general criteria and procedures given in TECDOC-1151 are still valid for basic radiotherapy equipment, widely disseminated and playing an important role in clinical practice in the region. It was then considered to develop additional criteria and recommendations for the new advanced technologies in the form of a supplement to the existing protocol. The supplement describes procedures and provides recommendations for newly introduced radiotherapy equipment, followed by a series of appendixes where

  5. Development of quality assurance procedures for production of sealed radiation source

    CERN Document Server

    Nam, J H; Cho, W K; Han, H S; Hong, S B; Kim, K H; Kim, S D; Lee, Y G; Lim, N J

    2001-01-01

    The quality assurance procedures for sealed radiation sources production using HANARO and RIPF have been developed. The detailed quality assurance procedures are essential to manage the whole work process effectively and ensure the quality of the produced sealed sources. Through applying this quality assurance procedures to the entire production works of the sealed radiation sources, it is expected that the quality of the products, the safety of the works and the satisfaction of the customers will be increased.

  6. Operating the plant, quality assurance, and the job of the operating staff, Volume Twelve

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subject matter includes operating the plant (the role of the operator, the control room, plant technical specifications, plant operating procedures, initial startup program, BWR/PWR plant startup, BWR/PWR steady state power operation, BWR/PWR transient operation, emergency operation), quality assurance (what is quality, what is quality control, quality assurance includes quality control, government regulation and quality assurance, administrative controls for nuclear power plants, the necessity of reviews and audits, practical quality assurance), and the job of the operating staff (the plant operating staff, plant safety, first aid and resuscitation, general plant hazards, personnel protective equipment, handling chemicals, handling compressed gas, equipment repair and maintenance, communicating with others

  7. OUTLOOK ON BASIC EDUCATION QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burhanuddin Tola

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore an outlook of future quality basic education by deploying reference analysis varied sorts of resources. The analysis was conducted by analyzing current condition of improvement and enhancement of the learning access and opportunities of all primary school-aged children who reach Minimum Participation Rate (MPR of 100% by 2015. This involved less economically developed, people living in remote, border and isolated areas and districts. Current and future analysis suggests the quality education lies not merely on achieving the MPR indicators of 100% along with the reduction of the percentage of students’ learning period and the number of dropouts and retakes, but also on analyzing the periodical competence benchmark on the literacy achievement of Indonesian children. The achievement is greatly influenced by economic growth illustrated in Gross National Income (GNI and Gross Domestic Product (GDP. This study found that future basic education quality significantly affect the economic growth of Indonesia.

  8. The FAO/IAEA ELISA kit quality assurance programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system for quality assurance was first introduced into the rinderpest sero-monitoring network in 1989 and was designed to ascertain how well the FAO/IAEA rinderpest ELISA kit was functioning in individual laboratories. Of the 15 laboratories actively using the kit at that time, 9 submitted results. These showed that the kit was working well although the overall binding ratio (an indication of the ability of the assay to separate positive from negative sera) was sub-optimal. The results also revealed that in every laboratory the local negative population gave a lower value than the kit reference negative sera. This was not unexpected, as the kit reference negative serum was never intended to be used for the calculation of negative/positive cut-off values and was included only as a reference. The examination of local negative sera and the establishment of the mean local population negative value is essential to the establishment of the test in any laboratory. An examination of individual laboratory results indicated that where problems were encountered it was invariably due to the use of poor water for reconstitution of reagents. This has confirmed the need to supply sterile de-ionized water for re-constitution of all kit reagents. The results from this quality assurance exercise proved vital in identifying problems with the kit itself and with the use of the kit in individual laboratories. In the most part these problems have now been resolved. However, in retrospect it is considered that the approach adopted was over-complicated and in future quality assurance will involve the testing of a panel of 44 sera distributed to all participating laboratories once a year. (author). 6 figs, 2 tabs

  9. On the Role of Impact Evaluation of Quality Assurance from the Strategic Perspective of Quality Assurance Agencies in the European Higher Education Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damian, Radu; Grifoll, Josep; Rigbers, Anke

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the current national legislations, the quality assurance approaches and the activities of impact analysis of three quality assurance agencies from Romania, Spain and Germany are described from a strategic perspective. The analysis shows that the general methodologies (comprising, for example, self-evaluation reports, peer reviews,…

  10. Quality assurance in cardiovascular CT: a practical guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, S K; Castellano, E; Gartland, N; Patel, T; Padley, S P G; Rubens, M B; Nicol, E D

    2016-08-01

    Cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) is a cutting-edge imaging technique providing important, non-invasive, diagnostic information. Concerns exist regarding radiation exposure to patient populations, but achieving optimal image quality at the lowest doses can be challenging. This guide provides practical advice about how quality can be assured in any CCT unit or radiology department. Illustrated by real-world vignettes and data analysis from our own experience, we highlight a multidisciplinary team approach to each stage of the patient journey, the effectiveness of regular dose audit overseen by a CT optimisation group, and the importance of underused systolic scanning techniques, in order to drive significant dose reduction without loss of image quality or clinical confidence. PMID:26945872

  11. Assuring Quality and Reliability in Complex Avionics Systems hardware & Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Haridas

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available It is conventional wisdom in defence systems that electronic brains are where much of the present and future weapons system capability is developed. Electronic hardware advances, particularly in microprocessor, allow highly complex and sophisticated software to provide high degree of system autonomy and customisation to mission at hand. Since modern military systems are so much dependent on the proper functioning of electronics, the quality and reliability of electronic hardware and software have a profound impact on defensive capability and readiness. At the hardware level, due to the advances in microelectronics, functional capabilities of today's systems have increased. The advances in the hardware field have an impact on software also. Now a days, it is possible to incorporate more and more system functions through software, rather than going for a pure hardware solution. On the other hand complexities the systems are increasing, working energy levels of the systems are decreasing and the areas of reliability and quality assurance are becoming more and more wide. This paper covers major failure modes in microelectronic devices. The various techniques used to improve component and system reliability are described. The recent trends in expanding the scope of traditional quality assurance techniques are also discussed, considering both hardware and software.

  12. Digital intraoral radiographic quality assurance and control in private practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Timothy F; Mah, Peter; Dove, S Brent; McDavid, W Doss

    2014-01-01

    At present, the American Dental Association and the American Academy of Oral Maxillofacial Radiology have guidelines for the dental environment that include quality assurance and control of film-based radiography. Approximately 19%-30% of US dental offices currently use some form of digital intraoral radiography, and growth is expected to continue. It is anticipated that new tools and guidelines will be needed to aid in the development of quality assurance (QA) and control of digital intraoral radiographic images. Working with a representative sample of private practice dental offices, this study examined and evaluated the entire digital intraoral radiographic system used in each operatory. The X-ray machine was tested for equipment performance and accuracy, and the computer monitor calibration was evaluated and adjusted as needed. The results confirm the continued need for updated QA procedures in the dental office that include digital X-ray imaging. By implementing these changes and practices, dentists should be able to improve the diagnostic quality of radiographs while reducing the radiation exposure of the patient. PMID:25184710

  13. Quality assurance in the transport of UF{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ravenscroft, N.L. [Edlow International Company, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Edlow International`s primary business is the international transportation of radioactive materials. Therefore, Edlow has the responsibility to ensure that shipments are performed in compliance with regulatory requirements. In this regard, Edlow maintains a Quality Assurance (QA) Program. A major part of this Program is the establishment and use of QA Procedures. This paper addresses QA procedural requirements and how they are applied to a routine international shipment of low enriched UF{sub 6}. Only the major requirements for scheduling shipments will be addressed.

  14. Quality assurance during operation of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides requirements and recommendations for the establishment and implementation of quality assurance for activities important to safety during commissioning, operation and decommissioning of a nuclear power plant, hereinafter referred to in this Guide as the operation phase or operation. It applies to activities such as: operating, inspecting, testing, commissioning, refuelling, maintaining, repairing, modifying and eventual shut-down and decommissioning of nuclear power plants. It applies also to associated activities related to safety, such as environmental monitoring and responses to emergencies

  15. Technical and quality assurance specifications for dosimetry services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Canadian Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB) requires its licensees to establish a program to determine or estimate the radiation doses received by workers exposed to radiation as a result of the licensee's activities. The determination of radiation dose is a two-part process. First a measurement is made; then this measurement is used in a dosimetric model to calculate the dose. This document is concerned only with the first step of the process. It gives guidance on the technical specifications for dosimetry services and the quality assurance program that provides confidence that these specifications are achieved. (L.L.)

  16. Quality assurance and human error effects on the structural safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Statistical surveys show that the frequency of failure of structures is much larger than that expected by the codes. Evidence exists that human errors (especially during the design process) is the main cause for the difference between the failure probability admitted by codes and the reality. In this paper, the attenuation of human error effects using tools of quality assurance is analyzed. In particular, the importance of the independent design review is highlighted, and different approaches are discussed. The experience from the Atucha II project, as well as the USA and German practice on independent design review, are summarized. (Author)

  17. Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Environmental Restoration Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States Department of Energy (USDOE) has initiated the Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) in an effort to manage, control and remediate existing hazardous, toxic and radioactive wastes generated at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). This ERP Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is responsive to the PORTS ESH Division QAPP and the ES Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) QAPP. This QAPP establishes the policies, requirements and responsibilities by which an appropriate level of QA shall be implemented within the PORTS-ERP. All PORTS-ERP activities shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this document and/or of a project level document which is derivative of this document

  18. Software Industry-oriented Education with Embedded Quality Assurance Mechanisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUSSEY Matt; WU Bing

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a broad range of suggestions on the concept of quality-assured industry-oriented higher education in software engineering, a central theme of the annual CEISIE (CEISEE this year) workshops since the first one held in Harbin, China, in 2005. It draws on the lessons of collaborative experiences involving academics and industrialists from Europe and China. These experiences make the case for a strong role for software industry- oriented higher education in the production of the software architects, developers and engineers required for the future.

  19. Workshop on measurement quality assurance for ionizing radiation: Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This workshop was held to review the status of secondary level calibration accreditation programs, review related measurement accreditation programs, document lessons learned, and to present changes in programs due to new national priorities involving radioactivity measurements. Contents include: fundamentals of measurement quality assurance (MQA), standards for MQA programs; perspectives and policies; complete MQA programs; future MQA programs; QA/QC programs--radioactivity; QA/QC programs--dosimetry; laboratory procedures for QA/QC; in-house control of reference dosimetry laboratories; in-house controls of radioactivity laboratories; and poster session. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database

  20. Workshop on measurement quality assurance for ionizing radiation: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heath, J.A.; Swinth, K.L. [comps.

    1993-12-31

    This workshop was held to review the status of secondary level calibration accreditation programs, review related measurement accreditation programs, document lessons learned, and to present changes in programs due to new national priorities involving radioactivity measurements. Contents include: fundamentals of measurement quality assurance (MQA), standards for MQA programs; perspectives and policies; complete MQA programs; future MQA programs; QA/QC programs--radioactivity; QA/QC programs--dosimetry; laboratory procedures for QA/QC; in-house control of reference dosimetry laboratories; in-house controls of radioactivity laboratories; and poster session. Selected papers are indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  1. Quality Assurance of Vet Delivery to Quality Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Moldovan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to presents some results of the project entitled “Transfer of innovative training solutions for VET of quality professionals” (acronym TIT-us financed by European Commission. It addresses to the need of designing new VET courses for training in quality management qualifications. Our approach for quality design of VET courses is to add the methodological step to the classic PDCA Deming cycle. We have shown that each activity in VET is a quality approach which consists of a number of decisions made within the five steps: plan, do, check, act and a certain methodology. The findings are demonstrated for each step, in actions the VET provider has to follow for an effective methodological process.

  2. Data Quality Assurance Techniques for a Monitoring and Diagnosis System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    By researching the data quality problem in the monitoring and diagnosis system (MDS),the method of detecting non-condition data based on the development trend of equipment condition is proposed, and three requirements of criteria for detecting non-condition data: dynamic, syntheses and simplicity are discussed. According to the general mode of data management in MDS, a data quality assurance system (DQAS) comprising data quality monitoring, data quality diagnosis, detection criteria adjusting and artificial confirmation is set up. A route inspection system called MTREE realizes the DQAS. Aiming at vibration data of route inspection, two detecting criteria are made. One is the quality monitoring parameter, which is found through combining and optimizing some fundamental parameters by genetic programming (GP). The other is the quality diagnosis criterion, i. e. pseudo distance of Spectral-Energy-Vector (SEV) named Adjacent J-divergence, which indicates the variation degree of adjacent data's spectral energy distribution. Results show that DQAS, including these two criteria, is effective to improve the data quality of MDS.

  3. Quality assurance FY 1995 site support program plan WBS 6.7.2.5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a summary of the quality assurance plan and program for the Westinghouse Hanford Company. The quality assurance plan verifies that the appropriate quality assurance programs and controls are applied to activities that affect quality related to work in: waste management; environmental activities (restoration, remediation, and monitoring); implementation of environmental, state, local, and federal regulations; tri-party agreement activities; facility operation and deactivation/transition to shutdown; new facility construction and operation

  4. Development of a quality assurance programme for external personal dosimetry in Slovenia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve the quality of individual monitoring and to achieve harmonisation with the new international standards, important components of a quality assurance system are considered and are presented as a result of cooperation of different institutions. The components are quality assurance and routine quality control of monitoring systems, and the creation of a central state dose register of workers. (author)

  5. Evaluating the Reliability and Impact of a Quality Assurance System for E-Learning Courseware

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Yao-Ting; Chang, Kuo-En; Yu, Wen-Cheng

    2011-01-01

    Assuring e-learning quality is of interest worldwide. This paper introduces the methods of e-learning courseware quality assurance (a quality certification system) adopted by the eLQSC (e-Learning Quality Service Centre) in Taiwan. A sequential/explanatory design with a mixed methodology was used to gather research data and conduct data analyses.…

  6. Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Education: a Case Study of Kota Open University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    After a brief analysis of the concept of quality in open and distance education, information technology for quality assurance and Indian initiative for quality improvement, the paper examines the quality assurance measures at Kota Open University under the following areas: planning academic programmes ;developing academic programmes; producing learning materials; implementing programmes; reviewing courses/programmes ; and developing human resources.

  7. Improvements in pentosan polysulfate sodium quality assurance using fingerprint electropherograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schirm, B; Benend, H; Wätzig, H

    2001-04-01

    Complex samples from polymer production, plant extracts or biotechnology mixtures can be characterized by fingerprints. Currently, the standard approach for sample characterization employs near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy fingerprinting. Up to now, however, fingerprints obtained by chromatography or electrophoresis could only be visually evaluated. This type of inspection is very labor-intensive and difficult to validate. In order to transfer the use of fingerprints from spectroscopy to electrophoresis, spectra-like properties must be obtained through a complete alignment of the electropherograms. This has been achieved by interpolation and wavelet filtering of the baseline signal in the present work. The resulting data have been classified by several algorithms. The methods under survey include self-organizing maps (SOMs), artificial neural networks (ANNs), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) and k-nearest neighbors (KNNs). In order to test the performance of this combined approach in practice, it was applied to the quality assurance of pentosan polysulfate (PPS). A recently developed capillary electrophoresis (CE) method using indirect UV detection was employed in these studies [1]. All algorithms were well capable of classifying the examined PPS test batches. Even minor variations in the PPS composition, not perceptible by visual inspection, could be automatically detected. The whole method has been validated by classifying various (n = 400) unknown PPS quality assurance samples, which have been correctly identified without exception.

  8. Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    VOLKMAN, D.D.

    1999-10-27

    This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

  9. [Role of medical information processing for quality assurance in obstetrics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selbmann, H K

    1983-06-01

    The paradigma of problem-orientated assuring of the professional quality of medical case is a kind of "control loop system" consisting of the following 5 steps: routine observation, identification of the problem, analysis of the problem, translation of problem solutions into daily practice and control as to whether the problem has been solved or eliminated. Medical data processing, which involves documentation, electronic data processing and statistics, can make substantial contributions especially to the steps of observation, identification of the problem, and follow-up control. Perinatal data collection, which has already been introduced in 6 Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany, has supplied ample proof of this. These operations were conducted under the heading "internal clinical assuring of quality with external aid". Those clinics who participated in this programme, were given the necessary aid in self-observation (questionnaires, clinical statistics), and they were also given comparative informative data to help them in identifying the problems (clinical profiles, etc.). It is entirely left to the responsibility of the clinics themselves--voluntary cooperation and guarantee of remaining anonymous being a matter of course -- to draw their own consequences from the collected data and to translate these into clinical everyday practice. PMID:6555138

  10. [Role of medical information processing for quality assurance in obstetrics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selbmann, H K

    1983-06-01

    The paradigma of problem-orientated assuring of the professional quality of medical case is a kind of "control loop system" consisting of the following 5 steps: routine observation, identification of the problem, analysis of the problem, translation of problem solutions into daily practice and control as to whether the problem has been solved or eliminated. Medical data processing, which involves documentation, electronic data processing and statistics, can make substantial contributions especially to the steps of observation, identification of the problem, and follow-up control. Perinatal data collection, which has already been introduced in 6 Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany, has supplied ample proof of this. These operations were conducted under the heading "internal clinical assuring of quality with external aid". Those clinics who participated in this programme, were given the necessary aid in self-observation (questionnaires, clinical statistics), and they were also given comparative informative data to help them in identifying the problems (clinical profiles, etc.). It is entirely left to the responsibility of the clinics themselves--voluntary cooperation and guarantee of remaining anonymous being a matter of course -- to draw their own consequences from the collected data and to translate these into clinical everyday practice.

  11. Quality Assurance of Computer Programs for Photopeak Integration in Activation Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, Kaj

    1978-01-01

    The purpose of a computer program for quantitative activation analysis is basically to produce information on the ratio of radioactive decays of a specific radio-nuclide observed by a detector from two alternative sources. It is assumed that at least one of the sources is known to contain...... the radionuclide in question, and qualitative analysis is therefore needed only to the extent that the decay characteristics of this radionuclide could be confused with those of other possible radionuclides, thus interfering with its determination. The quality of these computer programs can only be assured...

  12. UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements. The key to ensuring compliance with this directive is a two-step professional approach: utilize the quality system in all areas of activity, and generate a personal commitment from all personnel to provide quality service. The quality staff will be experienced, trained professionals capable of providing maximum flexibility to Project goal attainment. Such flexibility will enable the staff to be more cost effective and to further improve communication and coordination. To provide control details, this QAPP will be supplemented by approved standard operating procedures that provide requirements for performing the various TAC quality-related activities. These procedures shall describe applicable design input and document control activities and documentation

  13. OUTLOOK ON BASIC EDUCATION QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Burhanuddin Tola

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to explore an outlook of future quality basic education by deploying reference analysis varied sorts of resources. The analysis was conducted by analyzing current condition of improvement and enhancement of the learning access and opportunities of all primary school-aged children who reach Minimum Participation Rate (MPR) of 100% by 2015. This involved less economically developed, people living in remote, border and isolated areas and districts. Current and future analysis sug...

  14. Quality control and quality assurance of micromegas readout boards for the ATLAS New Small Wheel

    CERN Document Server

    Nanda, Amit

    2016-01-01

    The resistive anode boards of the Micromegas detectors for ATLAS NSW upgrade, will be produced in industries. The anode boards will be thoroughly evaluated at CERN following a detailed quality control and quality assurance (QA/QC) procedure. The report describes thoroughly the procedures and the design of a small QC tool for easier measurements of electrical properties of the readout boards.

  15. Quality Matters: A Faculty-Centred Program to Assure Quality in Online Course Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shattuck, Kay

    2010-01-01

    One of the dilemmas faced by today's faculty is assuring quality in online courses. As one solution to that dilemma, Quality Matters (QM), a program of MarylandOnline, built a rubric of design standards informed by existing research literature and best practices. The rubric was implemented within a faculty-centred, peer review process in which…

  16. Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

    2012-01-01

    With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

  17. Implementing quality assurance with multiple contractors under changing regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the tools and techniques used to establish the responsibilities for quality implementation on the California Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Project. The project is structured to use the traditional nuclear-oriented quality assurance criteria in the non-traditional application of scientific investigations required for site characterization activities. It has required a careful blending of approaches and mentalities from backgrounds in both nuclear QA and EPA QA as well as the selective application of guidance from both of the agencies. As a significant portion of the work was subcontracted to organizations which ranged from a small group of college professors to a multi-national corporation, the program needed to be versatile, easy to implement but yet definitive. The author describes some of the misconceptions encountered and areas of weakness to be identified and strengthened

  18. FDA quality assurance for radioactivity in foods and radiopharmaceuticals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulatory responsibility for radionuclides in foods and radiopharmaceuticals and must maintain an ongoing Quality Assurance Program. These Quality Control Programs involve the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), who supply the necessary reference materials and standards to ensure that the measurements are accurate and reproduceable. Data from EPA (1987 to 1991) and from a NIST 'Blind' Source study (1985 to 1991) show the results are accurate with an average variation from NIST values of 1.8%. The use of standard materials with the same matrices as the samples being analyzed provides credibility to the measurements. (orig.)

  19. Quality assurance and evaluation system in japanese higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Mami Yamaguchi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper we aim to contribute to the debate over accountability and assessment of higher education (HE by introducing the Japanese system. We first discuss the circumstances and issues surrounding Japanese HE and then examine the historical development of the quality assurance and evaluation system. Since the 1990s, with the implementation of policies that focused on liberalization, deregulation and increased institutional autonomy, the role of the government has shifted from setting strict regulations and quality standards to organizing an evaluation system for assessing the learning outcomes and improving accountability of the HE institutions. Finally, we suggest how Japan may take hints from Brazil in organizing an evaluation system on a national level that can more efficiently support and assess HE institutions

  20. QA (quality assurance) at Fermilab; the hermeneutics of NQA-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1988-06-01

    This paper opens with a brief overview of the purpose of Fermilab and a historical synopsis of the development and current status of quality assurance (QA) at the Laboratory. The paper subsequently addresses some of the more important aspects of interpreting the national standard ANSI/ASME NQA-1 in pure research environments like Fermilab. Highlights of this discussion include, what is hermeneutics and why are hermeneutical considerations relevant for QA, a critical analysis of NQA-1 focussing on teleological aspects of the standard, a description of the hermeneutical approach to NQA-1 used at Fermilab which attempts to capture the true intents of the document without violating the deeply ingrained traditions of quality standards and peer review that have been foundational to the overall success of the paradigms of high-energy physics.

  1. Quality assurance expert system for car cylinder casting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁维中; 张莉; 马旭梁; 刘洪德; 周秀华

    2001-01-01

    A quality assurance expert system, ZJSYS, has been developed for car cylinder casting by use of artificial intelligence technology and C ++ for windows. The important feature of this expert system is that it draws not only qualitative conclusions but also quantitative ones in the therapy of defects. ZJSYS uses an expert reasoning strategy based on the rule models with the certainty factor. Reasoning strategy combines forward chaining and backward chaining together to perform qualitative analysis of defects. Meanwhile quantitative analysis of defects is completed by use of mathematical statistics and the principle of optimum. Management system that possesses the functions of adding, modifying and deleting was developed in knowledge base. To meet the practical requirements, the management model of data storage and statistics were developed. Actual run of ZJSYS showed that it played a significant role in improving product quality and reduce rejection ratio.

  2. Quality assurance and quality control of geochemical data—A primer for the research scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geboy, Nicholas J.; Engle, Mark A.

    2011-01-01

    Geochemistry is a constantly expanding science. More and more, scientists are employing geochemical tools to help answer questions about the Earth and earth system processes. Scientists may assume that the responsibility of examining and assessing the quality of the geochemical data they generate is not theirs but rather that of the analytical laboratories to which their samples have been submitted. This assumption may be partially based on knowledge about internal and external quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) programs in which analytical laboratories typically participate. Or there may be a perceived lack of time or resources to adequately examine data quality. Regardless of the reason, the lack of QA/QC protocols can lead to the generation and publication of erroneous data. Because the interpretations drawn from the data are primary products to U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) stakeholders, the consequences of publishing erroneous results can be significant. The principal investigator of a scientific study ultimately is responsible for the quality and interpretation of the project's findings, and thus must also play a role in the understanding, implementation, and presentation of QA/QC information about the data. Although occasionally ignored, QA/QC protocols apply not only to procedures in the laboratory but also in the initial planning of a research study and throughout the life of the project. Many of the tenets of developing a sound QA/QC program or protocols also parallel the core concepts of developing a good study: What is the main objective of the study? Will the methods selected provide data of enough resolution to answer the hypothesis? How should samples be collected? Are there known or unknown artifacts or contamination sources in the sampling and analysis methods? Assessing data quality requires communication between the scientists responsible for designing the study and those collecting samples, analyzing samples, treating data, and

  3. Waste management and quality assurance: Reasonable co-existence?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bresson, J.F.

    1989-11-01

    Implementing Chapter 3, Low-Level Waste Management, of DOE Order 5820-2, ``Radioactive Waste Management`` has created a major change in the operating philosophy of DOE`s prime contractors. So has the decision of May 1, 1987, when it was made clear that EPA has regulatory authority over DOE`s mixed waste. Suddenly two additional items became clear. First, DOE and its contractors were going to learn more about composition of low-level and low-level mixed waste than ever before. Second, low-level waste management was about to become a more focused, formal program, complete with needs for: (1) waste form identification, (2) program documentation; and (3) assurance that DOE`s waste does in fact comply with applicable requirements. The importance of the above items is clearly emphasized by the inclusion of Data Quality Objectives in the Waste Acceptance Criteria section of DOE 5820-2 Chapter 3 guidance called Data Quality Objectives, (DQO). Simply put, the purpose of the DQO is to identify the quality (and quantity) of information necessary to convince a regulator or decision maker that enough is known about DOE`s low-level and low-level mixed waste to allow safe disposal. The main objectives of the DOE and EPA shallow land burial requirements are to: (1) generate, with documented evidence, waste forms which are chemically inert and immobile, such that the waste will not tend to move about in the disposal medium; (2) select a disposal medium which would not let the wastes move about anyway; and (3) build some barriers around the wastes as emplaced in burial grounds, to provide additional assurance that buried wastes will stay in place. Compliance with these requirements must be demonstrated by quality data which describes the entire series of compliance activities.

  4. Quality assurance of the solar UV network in the Antarctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakkala, K.; Redondas, A.; Meinander, O.; Torres, C.; Koskela, T.; Cuevas, E.; Taalas, P.; Dahlback, A.; Deferrari, G.; Edvardsen, K.; Ochoa, H.

    2005-08-01

    Measuring ultraviolet radiation in the Antarctic region, where weather conditions are extremely challenging, is a demanding task. Proper quality control of the measurements and quality assurance of the data, which are the basis of all scientific use of data, has to be especially well planned and executed. In this paper we show the importance of proper quality assurance and describe the methods used to successfully operate the NILU-UV multichannel radiometers of the Antarctic network stations at Ushuaia, 54°S, and Marambio, 64°S. According to our experience, even though multichannel instruments are supposed to be rather stable as a function of time, severe drifts can occur in the sensitivity of the channels under these harsh conditions. During 2000-2003 the biggest drifts were 35%, both at Ushuaia and Marambio, with the sensitivity of the channels dropping at different rates. Without proper corrections in the data, this would have seriously affected the calculated UV dose rates. As part of the quality assurance of the network a traveling reference NILU-UV, which was found to be stable, was used to transfer the desired irradiance scale to the site NILU-UV data. Relative lamp tests were used to monitor the stability of the instruments. Each site NILU-UV was scaled channel by channel to the traveling reference by performing solar comparisons. The method of scaling each channel separately was found to be successful, even though the differences between the raw data of the site NILU-UV and the reference instruments were, before the data correction, as much as 40%. After the correction, the mean ratios of erythemally weighted UV dose rates measured during the solar comparisons in 2000-2003 between the reference NILU-UV and the site NILU-UV were 1.007 +/- 0.011 and 1.012 +/- 0.012 for Ushuaia and Marambio, respectively, when the solar zenith angle varied up to 80°. These results make possible the scientific use of NILU-UV data measured simultaneously at quite different

  5. Comparative analysis of structural concrete quality assurance practices on nine nuclear power plant construction projects. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willenbrock, J.H.; Thomas, H.R. Jr.; Burati, J.L. Jr.

    1978-06-01

    The basic objective of this research effort was to perform a comparative analysis of the Quality Assurance practices related to the structural concrete phase on nine nuclear power plant projects which are (or have been) under construction in the United States in the past ten years. This analysis identified the response of each Quality Assurance program to the applicable criteria of 10 CFR Part 50, Appendix B as well as to the pertinent regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major emphasis was placed on the construction aspects of the structural concrete phase of each project. The engineering and design aspects were examined whenever they interfaced with the construction aspects. For those aspects of the Quality Assurance system which can be considered managerial in nature (i.e., organizational relationships, types of Quality Assurance programs, corrective action procedures, etc.) an attempt has been made to present the alternative approaches that were identified. For those aspects of the Quality Assurance system which are technical in nature (i.e., the frequency of testing for slump, compressive strength, etc.) an attempt has been made to present a comparative analysis between projects and in relation to the recommended or mandated practices presented in the appropriate industry codes and standards.

  6. Comparative analysis of structural concrete quality assurance practices on nine nuclear power plant construction projects. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic objective of this research effort was to perform a comparative analysis of the Quality Assurance practices related to the structural concrete phase on nine nuclear power plant projects which are (or have been) under construction in the United States in the past ten years. This analysis identified the response of each Quality Assurance program to the applicable criteria of 10 CFR Part 50, Appendix B as well as to the pertinent regulatory requirements and industry standards. The major emphasis was placed on the construction aspects of the structural concrete phase of each project. The engineering and design aspects were examined whenever they interfaced with the construction aspects. For those aspects of the Quality Assurance system which can be considered managerial in nature (i.e., organizational relationships, types of Quality Assurance programs, corrective action procedures, etc.) an attempt has been made to present the alternative approaches that were identified. For those aspects of the Quality Assurance system which are technical in nature (i.e., the frequency of testing for slump, compressive strength, etc.) an attempt has been made to present a comparative analysis between projects and in relation to the recommended or mandated practices presented in the appropriate industry codes and standards

  7. Assuring fish safety and quality in international fish trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ababouch, Lahsen

    2006-01-01

    International trade in fishery commodities reached US 58.2 billion dollars in 2002, a 5% improvement relative to 2000 and a 45% increase over 1992 levels. Within this global trade, developing countries registered a net trade surplus of US 17.4 billion dollars in 2002 and accounted for almost 50% by value and 55% of fish exports by volume. This globalization of fish trade, coupled with technological developments in food production, handling, processing and distribution, and the increasing awareness and demand of consumers for safe and high quality food have put food safety and quality assurance high in public awareness and a priority for many governments. Consequently, many countries have tightened food safety controls, imposing additional costs and requirements on imports. As early as 1980, there was an international drive towards adopting preventative HACCP-based safety and quality systems. More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to food safety and quality throughout the entire food chain. Implementation of this approach requires an enabling policy and regulatory environment at national and international levels with clearly defined rules and standards, establishment of appropriate food control systems and programmes at national and local levels, and provision of appropriate training and capacity building. This paper discusses the international framework for fish safety and quality, with particular emphasis on the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) strategy to promote international harmonization and capacity building. PMID:17052733

  8. Assuring fish safety and quality in international fish trade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    International trade in fishery commodities reached US$ 58.2 billion in 2002, a 5% improvement relative to 2000 and a 45% increase over 1992 levels. Within this global trade, developing countries registered a net trade surplus of US$ 17.4 billion in 2002 and accounted for almost 50% by value and 55% of fish exports by volume. This globalization of fish trade, coupled with technological developments in food production, handling, processing and distribution, and the increasing awareness and demand of consumers for safe and high quality food have put food safety and quality assurance high in public awareness and a priority for many governments. Consequently, many countries have tightened food safety controls, imposing additional costs and requirements on imports. As early as 1980, there was an international drive towards adopting preventative HACCP-based safety and quality systems. More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to food safety and quality throughout the entire food chain. Implementation of this approach requires an enabling policy and regulatory environment at national and international levels with clearly defined rules and standards, establishment of appropriate food control systems and programmes at national and local levels, and provision of appropriate training and capacity building. This paper discusses the international framework for fish safety and quality, with particular emphasis on the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) strategy to promote international harmonization and capacity building

  9. Assuring fish safety and quality in international fish trade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ababouch, Lahsen [United Nations, Food and Agricultural Organization, Chief, Fish Utilization and Marketing Services, FAO Headquarters, F-607 Rome (Italy)]. E-mail lahsen.ababouch@fao.org

    2006-07-01

    International trade in fishery commodities reached US$ 58.2 billion in 2002, a 5% improvement relative to 2000 and a 45% increase over 1992 levels. Within this global trade, developing countries registered a net trade surplus of US$ 17.4 billion in 2002 and accounted for almost 50% by value and 55% of fish exports by volume. This globalization of fish trade, coupled with technological developments in food production, handling, processing and distribution, and the increasing awareness and demand of consumers for safe and high quality food have put food safety and quality assurance high in public awareness and a priority for many governments. Consequently, many countries have tightened food safety controls, imposing additional costs and requirements on imports. As early as 1980, there was an international drive towards adopting preventative HACCP-based safety and quality systems. More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to food safety and quality throughout the entire food chain. Implementation of this approach requires an enabling policy and regulatory environment at national and international levels with clearly defined rules and standards, establishment of appropriate food control systems and programmes at national and local levels, and provision of appropriate training and capacity building. This paper discusses the international framework for fish safety and quality, with particular emphasis on the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) strategy to promote international harmonization and capacity building.

  10. Reflection on Quality Assurance System of Higher Vocational Education under Big Data Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Xinlan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Big data has the features like Volume, Variety, Value and Velocity. Here come the new opportunities and challenges for construction of Chinese quality assurance system of higher vocational education under big data era. There are problems in current quality assurance system of higher vocational education, such as imperfect main body, non-formation of internally and externally incorporated quality assurance system, non-scientific security standard and insufficiency in security investment. The construction of higher vocational education under big data era requires a change in the idea of quality assurance system construction to realize the multiple main bodies and multiple layers development trend for educational quality assurance system, and strengthen the construction of information platform for quality assurance system.

  11. Evaluation of a Standardized Method of Quality Assurance in Mental Health Records: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradshaw, Kelsey M.; Donohue, Bradley; Fayeghi, Jasmine; Lee, Tiffany; Wilks, Chelsey R.; Ross, Brendon

    2016-01-01

    The widespread adoption of research-supported treatments by mental health providers has facilitated empirical development of quality assurance (QA) methods. Research in this area has focused on QA systems aimed at assuring the integrity of research-supported treatment implementation, while examination of QA systems to assure appropriate…

  12. Simultaneous analysis and quality assurance for diffusion tensor imaging.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn B Lauzon

    Full Text Available Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI enables non-invasive, cyto-architectural mapping of in vivo tissue microarchitecture through voxel-wise mathematical modeling of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI acquisitions, each differently sensitized to water diffusion. DTI computations are fundamentally estimation processes and are sensitive to noise and artifacts. Despite widespread adoption in the neuroimaging community, maintaining consistent DTI data quality remains challenging given the propensity for patient motion, artifacts associated with fast imaging techniques, and the possibility of hardware changes/failures. Furthermore, the quantity of data acquired per voxel, the non-linear estimation process, and numerous potential use cases complicate traditional visual data inspection approaches. Currently, quality inspection of DTI data has relied on visual inspection and individual processing in DTI analysis software programs (e.g. DTIPrep, DTI-studio. However, recent advances in applied statistical methods have yielded several different metrics to assess noise level, artifact propensity, quality of tensor fit, variance of estimated measures, and bias in estimated measures. To date, these metrics have been largely studied in isolation. Herein, we select complementary metrics for integration into an automatic DTI analysis and quality assurance pipeline. The pipeline completes in 24 hours, stores statistical outputs, and produces a graphical summary quality analysis (QA report. We assess the utility of this streamlined approach for empirical quality assessment on 608 DTI datasets from pediatric neuroimaging studies. The efficiency and accuracy of quality analysis using the proposed pipeline is compared with quality analysis based on visual inspection. The unified pipeline is found to save a statistically significant amount of time (over 70% while improving the consistency of QA between a DTI expert and a pool of research associates. Projection of QA

  13. Medical aspects of quality assurance in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three powerful national programs have been developed, and their acceptance and utilization in the United States have been accelerated by the recent development of managed competition. The first program was a model quality assurance program for day to day use in an individual radiation oncology facility. In addition to maintaining the physical aspects of the department, the medical side includes indicator items in patient evaluation and treatment and other measures that are periodically monitored. The entire process is comprehensive and is accepted by the Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation as being satisfactory evidence of ongoing quality assurance and quality improvement. The second program was the development of a set of standards for radiation oncology in the United States. These standards were developed in the past and have recently been expanded into a more comprehensive document that describes the appropriate performance by this specialty. The third program was a Practice Accreditation program. The Practice Accreditation program is an on-site review of structure and processes of patient care by a radiation oncologist and data manager. This intense on-site review generated data that is then compared to similar facilities and to national averages to judge the adequacy of patient management in the facility. We have observed recently that various managed care programs require this practice accreditation before their patients can be treated in contracting facilities. Lastly, the Council of the American College of Radiology has made some extremely positive statements in support of improving radiation oncology practice, and the positive effects of these council resolutions can be clearly shown on the practice

  14. Clinical quality assurance for 106Ru ophthalmic applicators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: Episcleral brachytherapy using 106Ru/106Rh ophthalmic applicators is a proven method of therapy of uveal melanomas sparing the globe and in many cases sparing the vision. In the year 2001, an internal clinical quality assurance procedure revealed that part of the ophthalmic applicators leaked and that the calibration was erroneous. Consequently, the producer modernized its production procedures and, in May 2002, introduced a dose rate calibration that is traceable to the NIST standard. This NIST calibration confirmed that the previous calibration had been incorrect. In order to study the effects of the producer's new internal quality assurance procedures on the ophthalmic applicators, applicators of this new generation were submitted to a newly improved internal clinical acceptance test. Patients and methods: The internal clinical acceptance test consists of a leakage test and a dosimetric test of the ophthalmic applicators. The leakage test simulates contact of the ophthalmic applicators with chloride containing body fluid. The dosimetric tests measure depth dose curves and dose rate with a plastic scintillator dosimetric system and compare them with the indications in the producer's certificate. Furthermore, the depth dose profile of the most frequently used applicator (type CCB) was compared with published data. Results: The internal clinical leakage test showed that all of the tested ophthalmic applicators belonging to the new generation (n=17) were tight and not contaminated. The dosimetric acceptance tests applied to seven different types of applicators revealed that the relative depth dose profiles in the therapeutically relevant range (up to a depth of ≤7 mm) deviate from the producer's indications only by -2.7 to +3.2%. The acceptance test of the dose rate values of the ophthalmic applicators at a distance of 2 mm from the surface of the applicators resulted in a coefficient of variation of 1.7% (n=17). In the evaluation of the

  15. Reflection on Quality Assurance System of Higher Vocational Education under Big Data Era

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang Xinlan

    2015-01-01

    Big data has the features like Volume, Variety, Value and Velocity. Here come the new opportunities and challenges for construction of Chinese quality assurance system of higher vocational education under big data era. There are problems in current quality assurance system of higher vocational education, such as imperfect main body, non-formation of internally and externally incorporated quality assurance system, non-scientific security standard and insufficiency in security investment. The c...

  16. Quality assurance for 1200 PSI steam boiler maintenance by commercial contractors

    OpenAIRE

    Papaiakovou, Vasilios K.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis compares military, commercial, and international quality assurance standards and uses the framework of Dr. W. Edwards Deming's philosophy of management to evaluate and set appropriate quality assurance standards the Hellenic Navy should include in contracts with commercial contractors for 1200 psi steam boiler maintenance. The Hellenic Navy could experience long term benefits by implementing ISO 9002 quality assurance standards in all production and service contracts. (MM) NA ...

  17. Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ROBINSON, P.A.

    2000-04-17

    This Quality Assurance Plan describes how the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) implements the quality assurance (QA) requirements of the Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (HNF-Mp-599) for Project Hanford activities and products. This QAPP also describes the organizational structure necessary to successfully implement the program. The QAPP provides a road map of applicable Project Hanford Management System Procedures, and facility specific procedures, that may be utilized by WESF to implement the requirements of the QAPD.

  18. Quality assurance in transnational higher education : a case study of the tropEd network

    OpenAIRE

    Zwanikken, Prisca A. C.; Peterhans, Bernadette; Dardis, Lorraine; Scherpbier, Albert

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Transnational or cross-border higher education has rapidly expanded since the 1980s. Together with that expansion issues on quality assurance came to the forefront. This article aims to identify key issues regarding quality assurance of transnational higher education and discusses the quality assurance of the tropEd Network for International Health in Higher Education in relation to these key issues. Methods Literature review and review of documents. Results From the literature t...

  19. Argonne National Laboratory Internal Appraisal Program environment, safety, health/quality assurance oversight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winner, G.L.; Siegfried, Y.S.; Forst, S.P.; Meshenberg, M.J.

    1995-06-01

    Argonne National Laboratory`s Internal Appraisal Program has developed a quality assurance team member training program. This program has been developed to provide training to non-quality assurance professionals. Upon successful completion of this training and approval of the Internal Appraisal Program Manager, these personnel are considered qualified to assist in the conduct of quality assurance assessments. The training program has been incorporated into a self-paced, computerized, training session.

  20. Endoscopic biopsy as quality assurance for endoscopic services.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    King-Wah Chiu

    Full Text Available Gastroendoscopy (GS procedures are not only performed by gastroenterologists (GE but also by hepatologists (HT in many countries. Endoscopic biopsy (EBx remains the gold standard for the investigation and documentation of esophago-gastro-duodenal pathology. EBx is subjectively performed by an endoscopist, and the level of skill and experience of the endoscopist may affect the quality of the endoscopic service. Reasons for this discrepancy included lack of experience practitioners to order EBx when required of GS issues between in GE and HT limit access. Ideally, services should be safe and of high quality. This study assessed the EBx/GS ratio as the endoscopic quality assurance as an index of GS services. This was a cohort study of endoscopists at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. There were 34,570 episodes of EBx in 199,877 GS procedures. The 25 endoscopists were divided into GE (n = 13 and HT (n = 12 groups, and correlation coefficients were calculated over a 14.5-year duration of intervention. The Trimmean of EBx/GS was 19.29% in 14.5 years (34570/199877 with Trimmean 0.2 percentile ratio correlations, and the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.90229. There were significantly more EBx procedures in the GE group than in the HT group at 1 and 5 years (21.5% vs. 15.1% and 20.9% vs. 17.3%, respectively, P<0.00001. Junior GE attempted significantly more EBx than both the senior GE (24.06% vs. 20.41%, P<0.0001, and junior HT (24.06% vs. 13.2%, P<0.0001. In conclusion, quality assurance for gastrointestinal endoscopy involves numerous aspects of unit management and patient safety. Quality measures used with the EBx/GS ratio may be one of the best ways to ensure the quality of endoscopic procedures in a teaching hospital.

  1. Seismic Data Archive Quality Assurance -- Analytics Adding Value at Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, R. E.; Ahern, T. K.; Sharer, G.; Templeton, M. E.; Weertman, B.; Keyson, L.

    2015-12-01

    Since the emergence of real-time delivery of seismic data over the last two decades, solutions for near-real-time quality analysis and station monitoring have been developed by data producers and data stewards. This has allowed for a nearly constant awareness of the quality of the incoming data and the general health of the instrumentation around the time of data capture. Modern quality assurance systems are evolving to provide ready access to a large variety of metrics, a rich and self-correcting history of measurements, and more importantly the ability to access these quality measurements en-masse through a programmatic interface.The MUSTANG project at the IRIS Data Management Center is working to achieve 'total archival data quality', where a large number of standardized metrics, some computationally expensive, are generated and stored for all data from decades past to the near present. To perform this on a 300 TB archive of compressed time series requires considerable resources in network I/O, disk storage, and CPU capacity to achieve scalability, not to mention the technical expertise to develop and maintain it. In addition, staff scientists are necessary to develop the system metrics and employ them to produce comprehensive and timely data quality reports to assist seismic network operators in maintaining their instrumentation. All of these metrics must be available to the scientist 24/7.We will present an overview of the MUSTANG architecture including the development of its standardized metrics code in R. We will show examples of the metrics values that we make publicly available to scientists and educators and show how we are sharing the algorithms used. We will also discuss the development of a capability that will enable scientific researchers to specify data quality constraints on their requests for data, providing only the data that is best suited to their area of study.

  2. 10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... management level that assures that the required authority and organizational freedom, including sufficient... location or locations where activities are performed, the organizational structure for executing the... the organizational structure, the individual(s) assigned the responsibility for assuring...

  3. Development of quality assurance program for production of sealed radiation source

    CERN Document Server

    Nam, J H; Cho, W K; Han, H S; Hong, S B; Kim, K H; Kim, S D; Lee, Y G; Lim, N J

    2001-01-01

    The quality assurance program for production of sealed radiation sources has been developed to increase the efficiency and safety of production work and to meet the demand of the customers. The quality assurance program are applied to the entire work scope of the production of sealed radiation sources. Every workers related to the production of sealed radiation sources will be required to follow this quality assurance program. It is expected that the sealed radiation source products produced according to this quality assurance program can meet the regulatory requirements, customer's demand and have good competitiveness in the domestic and world markets.

  4. Improving Quality Assurance with CDIO Self-Evaluation: Experiences From a Nordic Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kontio, Juha; Roslöf, Janne; Edström, Kristina;

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of the Nordic project Quality Assurance in Higher Education was to develop and implement a self-evaluation model in the participating Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) to support their quality assurance work and continuous curriculum development. Furthermore, the project aimed...... programme and new ideas and support for quality assurance work in other higher education institutes have been produced....... at strengthening the cooperation of HEIs in quality assurance (QA) and disseminating good practices of QA. The framework of development is based on the CDIO approach and the CDIO self-evaluation process. The main results are a detailed definition of the self-evaluation process, well-documented self...

  5. Indications for quality assurance in conformal radiotherapy in Italy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is an advanced and promising technique of external beam irradiation. IMRT is able to conform the dose distribution to the 3D tumour shape also for complex geometries, preserving surrounding normal tissues and reducing the probability of side effects. IMRT is a time consuming and complex technique and its use demands high level quality assurance. It is, therefore, very important to define conditions for its utilization. Professionals of Radiotherapy Centres, with experience in the IMRT use, have constituted a multidisciplinary working group with the aim of developing indications in this field. Purpose of the present document is to highlight relevant aspects of the technique, but also to underline the high complexity of the technique, whose implementation requires extreme attention of the staff of Radiotherapy Centres involved

  6. Quality assurance of radiopharmaceuticals - specifications and test procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report on a Radiopharmaceutical Quality Assurance Test Programme carried out by the Australian Radiation Laboratory in which radiopharmaceuticals used in nuclear medicine in Australia are tested for compliance with specifications. Where the radiopharmaceutical is the subject of a monograph in the British Pharmacopoeia or the European Pharmacopoeia, then the specifications given in the Pharmacopoeia are adopted. In other cases the specifications given have been adopted by this Laboratory and have no legal status. In some cases test procedures described have been taken from various Pharmacopoeias or methods published in the literature. In other cases test methods described have been developed at this Laboratory. It should be noted that, unless stated otherwise, specifications listed apply at all times up until product expire

  7. Results of the quality assurance testing program for radiopharmaceuticals, 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Australian Radiation Laboratory conducts a Radiopharmaceutical Quality Assurance Test Program in which radiopharmaceuticals used in nuclear medicine in Australia are tested for compliance with specifications. Where the radiopharmaceutical is the subject of a monograph in the British Pharmacopoeia or the European Pharmacopoeia, then the specifications given in the Pharmacopoeia are adopted. In other cases the specifications quoted have been adopted by this Laboratory and have no legal status. It should be noted that unless stated otherwise, the specifications listed apply at all times up to product expiry. Radionuclidic purity has been determined at the calibration time, except for Thallous [201Tl] Chloride injection where the highest impurity level up to product expiry is quoted. Samples for testing were obtained through commercial channels. All technetium-99m cold kits were reconstituted according to the directions in the package insert using Sodium Pertechnetate[99mTc] Injection. Methods used for testing are described in the report ARL/TR093

  8. Results of the quality assurance testing program for radiopharmaceuticals 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldas, J.; Binnyman, J.; Ivanov, Z.; Lauder, R.

    1996-07-01

    The results of the quality assurance testing conducted by the Australian Radiation Laboratory is summarised. Overall 111 batches of 27 different types of radiopharmaceuticals were tested on samples obtained through normal commercial channels. Failure to meet full specifications was observed in 10 of the 111 batches. All technetium-99m cold kits were reconstituted according to the directions in the package insert using sodium pertechnetate ( {sup 99m}Tc) injection. Radionuclidic purity has been determined at the calibration time, except for Thallous [{sup 201}Tl] Chloride injection where the highest impurity level up to product expiry is quoted. Non-compliance of the vial label was observed in one of the ten batches failing specification and was the sole cause of product failure for this batch. Vial label non-compliance consisted of, absence of volume in the vial. Six batches failed the biodistribution test but in no case did this involve failure of the distribution for the target organs. tabs.

  9. Results of the quality assurance testing program for radiopharmaceuticals 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of the quality assurance testing conducted by the Australian Radiation Laboratory is summarised. Overall 111 batches of 27 different types of radiopharmaceuticals were tested on samples obtained through normal commercial channels. Failure to meet full specifications was observed in 10 of the 111 batches. All technetium-99m cold kits were reconstituted according to the directions in the package insert using sodium pertechnetate ( 99mTc) injection. Radionuclidic purity has been determined at the calibration time, except for Thallous [201Tl] Chloride injection where the highest impurity level up to product expiry is quoted. Non-compliance of the vial label was observed in one of the ten batches failing specification and was the sole cause of product failure for this batch. Vial label non-compliance consisted of, absence of volume in the vial. Six batches failed the biodistribution test but in no case did this involve failure of the distribution for the target organs. tabs

  10. Compensators for IMRT - an investigation in quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) allows dose distributions which adequately consider organs at risk (OAR) and dose homogeneity to the target volume. This is practically reached by conforming the beam profiles to the shape of the planning target volume (PTV), by shaping the fluence with multileaf collimators (MLC) or compensators. Though compensator production is time consuming and seems less convenient than the use of MLC, compensators offer much easier quality assurance. In this study the effects of certain simplifications of compensator production were studied. Compensators were produced and ionization chamber measurements in a water phantom and film measurements in a solid phantom were performed to verify the compensators. The results of the measurements were compared to the fluence distributions given by the planning system. The measurements were meant to show how realistic the investigated simplifications were, and to reveal a suitable and reliable testing method for compensators. Monte-Carlo calculations employing the EGS 4 Code were further performed to support the measurements. (orig.)

  11. Quality Assurance Plan for the AL3 Test Procedure

    CERN Document Server

    Béjar-Alonso, Isabel

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes the new quality assurance plan for the Alarms-of-Level-3 (AL3) test. The aim of the plan is to introduce engineering techniques and to standardise and simplify the procedures for carrying out tests following Safety Instruction 37 (IS37). The procedures are to co-ordinate all the services involved (fire brigade, maintenance and computer support) and to create a consistent documentation. When the procedures are implemented, it will be possible to determine with confidence how field actions are carried out and to measure actual performance. The focus will be on personnel training and documentation. It is important however to keep documentation and procedures to a reasonable level that can be maintained at appropriate intervals. The plan is the result of an internal requirement from ST/MC and a formal request from Installations Nucléaires de Base (INB).

  12. Quality assurance aspects of the environmental code NECTAR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the quality assurance (QA) procedures which have been adopted in respect of the Environment code NECTAR (Nuclear Environmental Consequences, Transport of Activity and Risks). These procedures involve the verification, validation and evaluation of the individual NECTAR modules, namely RICE, SIRKIT, ATMOS, POPDOS and FOODWEB. The verification and validation of each module are considered in turn, while the final part of the report provides an overall evaluation of the code. The QA procedures are designed to provide reassurance that the NECTAR code is free from systematic errors and will perform calculations within the range of uncertainty and limitations claimed in its documentation. Following consideration of a draft version of this report by the Off-site Dose Methodology Working Group, the ATMOS, POPDOS and FOODWEB modules of NECTAR have been endorsed for use by the Board in reactor design and safety studies. (author)

  13. Automated techniques for quality assurance of radiological image modalities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodenough, David J.; Atkins, Frank B.; Dyer, Stephen M.

    1991-05-01

    This paper will attempt to identify many of the important issues for quality assurance (QA) of radiological modalities. It is of course to be realized that QA can span many aspects of the diagnostic decision making process. These issues range from physical image performance levels to and through the diagnostic decision of the radiologist. We will use as a model for automated approaches a program we have developed to work with computed tomography (CT) images. In an attempt to unburden the user, and in an effort to facilitate the performance of QA, we have been studying automated approaches. The ultimate utility of the system is its ability to render in a safe and efficacious manner, decisions that are accurate, sensitive, specific and which are possible within the economic constraints of modern health care delivery.

  14. Quality assurance database for the CBM silicon tracking system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lymanets, Anton [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Tuebingen (Germany); Collaboration: CBM-Collaboration

    2015-07-01

    The Silicon Tracking System is a main tracking device of the CBM Experiment at FAIR. Its construction includes production, quality assurance and assembly of large number of components, e.g., 106 carbon fiber support structures, 1300 silicon microstrip sensors, 16.6k readout chips, analog microcables, etc. Detector construction is distributed over several production and assembly sites and calls for a database that would be extensible and allow tracing the components, integrating the test data, monitoring the component statuses and data flow. A possible implementation of the above-mentioned requirements is being developed at GSI (Darmstadt) based on the FAIR DB Virtual Database Library that provides connectivity to common SQL-Database engines (PostgreSQL, Oracle, etc.). Data structure, database architecture as well as status of implementation are discussed.

  15. LEAN LABORATORY APPROACHES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN FOOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laxmana Naik

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A lean laboratory is one which is focused on testing products and materials to deliver results in the most efficient way in terms of cost or speed or both; primarily focused on improving measurable performance and reducing costs. The goal of a lean laboratory is to use less effort, less resources and less time to test incoming samples. Laboratories have a critical role to play in establishing and improving process capability and key performance indicator (KPI of the organization. There are inevitably many opinions as to what a lean lab actually is; here is one version fr om. Quality assurance laboratories are crucial to the success of organization and this effectiveness needs to be measurable and demonstrable. To facilitate this, a method of measuring a laboratory's progress towards complete deployment has been created by lean tools. These tools allow laboratories to conduct gap analysis and identify opportunities for improvement.

  16. Quality assurance in the design of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides the requirements and recommendations related to the establishment and implementation of quality assurance for design of items for a nuclear power plant. The requirements of this Guide shall be applied to the extent necessary during all constituent activities of the nuclear power plant project, such as design, manufacture, construction, commissioning and operations. Its requirements and recommendations shall be implemented, as appropriate, by the responsible organization or by its designated representatives: by plant designers, architect-engineers or manufacturers, when involved in performing design activities related to items to be manufactured; by site constructors, when involved in field engineering activities; by plant operators and other organizations, when involved in design activities related to plant modifications or to selection of spare or replacement parts; and by design consultants and other technical organizations, when performing any engineering activity that affects the work of other design organizations during various stages of nuclear power plant projects

  17. NIF Project Quality Assurance Program Plan Revision E

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dun, C; Brereton, S; Yatabe, J; Moses, E I

    2001-06-01

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department Energy's (DOE's) Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets and will perform weapons physics, weapons effects, and high-energy-density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The primary mission of the NIF Project is the design and construction of the facility and equipment, acceptance testing, and activation. To accomplish this mission, the LLNL Director created the NIF Programs Directorate, and within that Directorate, the NIF Project Office to organize and manage the Project. The NIF Project Office establishes this QA Program to ensure its success. This QA Program Plan (QAPP) defines and describes the program--the management system--for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of LLNL and the NIF Programs Directorate.

  18. Measurement quality assurance for beta particle calibrations at NIST

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soares, C.G.; Pruitt, J.S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Standardized beta-particle fields have been established in an international standard and have been adopted for use in several U.S. dosimeter and instrument testing standards. Calibration methods and measurement quality assurance procedures employed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for beta-particle calibrations in these reference fields are discussed. The calibration facility including the NIST-automated extrapolation ionization chamber is described, and some sample results of calibrations are shown. Methods for establishing and maintaining traceability to NIST of secondary laboratories are discussed. Currently, there are problems in finding a good method for routine testing of traceability to NIST. Some examples of past testing methods are given and solutions to this problem are proposed.

  19. ASSESSMENT AND ASSURANCE OF SERVICE QUALITY IN PEDIATRIC HEALTHCARE IN QATAR

    OpenAIRE

    Yousef, H.; Faisal, M

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was quality assessment and quality assurance in pediatric services of public and private hospitals in Qatar. The purpose of quality assessment was to identify gaps in the delivered services; while quality assurance process was carried out to ensure no future gaps in quality occur. The objectives were achieved using a modified SERVQUAL scale and Fuzzy-Quality Function Deployment (Fuzzy- QFD) approach. Data from 179 participants who visit public/private ...

  20. Physics and quality assurance of low dose rate brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of this course is to review the physical principles underlying design, clinical application and execution of interstitial and intracavitary implants in the classical low dose-rate (LDR) range. This year, the course will focus on quality assurance of sources, applicators and treatment planning software. In addition, development of procedures and QA checks designed optimize treatment delivery accuracy and patient safety during each individual procedure will be reviewed. The level of presentation will be designed to accommodate both physicists and physicians. Implementation of recently published AAPM Task Group reports (no. 40, 'Comprehensive Quality Assurance' and No. 43, 'Dosimetry of Interstitial Brachytherapy Sources') will be reviewed. Outline: (A) General Principles (1) QA endpoints: temporal accuracy, positional accuracy, dose delivery accuracy, and safety of the patient, personnel, and the institution (2) QA procedure development: forms, checklists, test development and design of treatment delivery procedures (B) QA of treatment delivery devices (1) Source acceptance testing and QA a) calibration and source strength specification standards b) leakage tests and source geometry verification (2) Applicator acceptance testing and QA (3) Remote afterloading devices (4) Treatment planning systems a) graphic input/output devices, implant geometry reconstruction, and graphical display b) dose calculation accuracy i) review of brachytherapy dose calculation algorithms ii) dosimetric benchmarks available: Task Group 43 report (C) Procedure-specific QA 1) Organization of treatment delivery team 2) Preplanning and preparation 3) Applicator insertion 4) Radiographic examination of the implant, prescription, and treatment calculation 5) Source insertion 6) Treatment planning and physicist review of treatment plans 7) QA during patient treatment and removal of sources and applicators

  1. Quality Assurance of A Solar Uv Network In The Antarctic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakkala, K.; Redondas, A.; Koskela, T.; Taalas, P.; Torres, C.; Cuevas, E.; Deferrari, G.

    This work will present the quality assurance of the solar UV network of the Mea- surement of Antarctic Radiance for monitoring the ozone layer (MAR) -project. The network consists on three NILU-UV multichannel filter radiometers, which have been installed at the Argentinean Antarctic bases of Vicecomodoro Marambio and Bel- grano II and at the Centro Austral De Investigationes Cientificas (CADIC) in Ushuaia in December 1999­January 2000. The location of the three sites gives a possibility to study the impact of the daily changes of the polar vortex on ozone and UV radiation reaching the ground: Belgrano being located mostly inside the vortex, Marambio at the edge and Ushuaia mostly outside the vortex. The network has been established as co-operation between the Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INM), Spain, the Insti- tuto Antártico Argentino (IAA) from Dirrección Nacional del Antártico (DNA), the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) and the CADIC. The quality assurance procedure, which includes a travelling reference and relative lamp tests, will be described. The travelling reference has been provided to trans- fer calibration factors from the absolute reference spectroradiometer to the NILU-UV radiometers of the network. Results of solar comparisons between the travelling ref- erence and the site instruments of Marambio and Ushuaia will be presented. Relative lamp tests are performed every second week in order to monitor the stability of the instruments. Time series of these lamp tests are analysed to perform corrections to each channel during the measurement period.

  2. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such

  3. Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

    2013-09-01

    The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists).

  4. 242-A evaporator quality assurance project plan: Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tucker, B.J.

    1994-11-04

    The scope of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is sampling and analytical services including, but not limited to, sample receipt, handling and storage, analytical measurements, submittal of data deliverables, archiving selected portions of samples, returning unneeded sample material to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and/or sample disposal associated with candidate feed samples and process condensate compliance samples. Sampling and shipping activities are also included within the scope. The purpose of this project is to provide planning, implementation, and assessment guidance for achieving established data quality objectives measurement parameters. This Plan requires onsite and offsite laboratories to conform to that guidance. Laboratory conformance will help ensure that quality data are being generated and therefore, that the 242-A evaporator is operating in a safe and compliant manner. The 242-A evaporator feed stream originates from double-shell tanks (DSTs) identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending it to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) storage basin before further treatment. The slurry product is returned to DSTs. Evaporation results in considerable savings by reducing the volume of mixed waste for disposal.

  5. Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

    2013-09-01

    The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists). PMID:23842668

  6. Developing a Service Oriented Process Management System for University Quality Assurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Dr. Taher Tawfek Hamza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality assurance in universities is an increasing interest in quality and standards reflecting both the growth of higher education and its cost. Institutions should have a policy and associated processes for the assurance of the quality and standards of their programs. To achieve this, institutions should develop and implement a strategy for the continuous enhancement of quality. Formal policies and processes provide a framework within which higher education institutions can develop and monitor the effectiveness of their quality assurance systems.Process management is most suitable model for automating quality assurance in university. Process management isabout modeling, design, execution, and monitoring. In this paper we describe quality assurance process managementsystem built on service oriented architecture (SOA. SOA has been chosen for the transparently, scalability, andIntegrity of this architecture.

  7. Thermoluminescence dosimetry quality assurance network for radiotherapy and radiology in the Czech Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Czech thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) quality assurance network provides independent audits for external beam radiotherapy and dental X ray radiology, primarily for the purposes of State supervision. Two modes of audit are used in radiotherapy. The basic mode includes beam calibration checks for all clinically used photon and electron beams, while the advanced mode covers TLD measurements for photon beams both on and off the central beam axis for a few simple treatment set-ups using a multipurpose phantom. The audit aims to check for dental radiology not only some basic dosimetric characteristics of the X ray apparatus but also the film developing process used by the dentists.The audits are performed by means of mailed dosimetry. (author)

  8. Quality assurance, fabrication, and accompanying quality control of CASTOR {sup registered} transport and storage casks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beverungen, M.; Laug, R. [GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH, Essen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    In Germany, the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM, Berlin) acts as the competent authority for the approval of quality assurance measures of packages used in the transport of radioactive material. For this purpose, the German Federal Ministry of Transport issued the ''Technical Guideline on Measures for Quality Assurance (QM) and Quality Surveillance (QUe) for packages for transport of radioactive materials (TRV 006)''. Due to this guideline, every applicant for a cask license is requested to issue a written programme for design, fabrication, testing, documentation, operation, maintenance, and recurrent testing of packages. This programme has to be approved by BAM. Therefore, the company implemented and maintains a programme on basis of the TRV 006 and a Quality Management System on basis of the ISO 9001:2000 which cover all requirements of the guideline to ensure a controlled processes. The system is regularly assessed by BAM.

  9. Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irene Farnham

    2011-05-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling (EPA, 2002); and EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models (EPA, 2009). The QAPP Revision 0 supersedes DOE--341, Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 4.

  10. Environmental engineering education: examples of accreditation and quality assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporali, E.; Catelani, M.; Manfrida, G.; Valdiserri, J.

    2013-12-01

    Environmental engineers respond to the challenges posed by a growing population, intensifying land-use pressures, natural resources exploitation as well as rapidly evolving technology. The environmental engineer must develop technically sound solutions within the framework of maintaining or improving environmental quality, complying with public policy, and optimizing the utilization of resources. The engineer provides system and component design, serves as a technical advisor in policy making and legal deliberations, develops management schemes for resources, and provides technical evaluations of systems. Through the current work of environmental engineers, individuals and businesses are able to understand how to coordinate society's interaction with the environment. There will always be a need for engineers who are able to integrate the latest technologies into systems to respond to the needs for food and energy while protecting natural resources. In general, the environment-related challenges and problems need to be faced at global level, leading to the globalization of the engineering profession which requires not only the capacity to communicate in a common technical language, but also the assurance of an adequate and common level of technical competences, knowledge and understanding. In this framework, the Europe-based EUR ACE (European Accreditation of Engineering Programmes) system, currently operated by ENAEE - European Network for Accreditation of Engineering Education can represent the proper framework and accreditation system in order to provide a set of measures to assess the quality of engineering degree programmes in Europe and abroad. The application of the accreditation model EUR-ACE, and of the National Italian Degree Courses Accreditation System, promoted by the Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes (ANVUR), to the Environmental Engineering Degree Courses at the University of Firenze is presented. In

  11. A Method for Evaluating Quality Assurance Needs in Radiation Therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed

  12. International perspectives on quality assurance and new techniques in radiation medicine: outcomes of an IAEA conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortt, Ken; Davidsson, Lena; Hendry, Jolyon; Dondi, Maurizio; Andreo, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency organized an international conference called, "Quality Assurance and New Techniques in Radiation Medicine" (QANTRM). It dealt with quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of radiation medicine (diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine, and radiotherapy) at the international level. Participants discussed QA issues pertaining to the implementation of new technologies and the need for education and staff training. The advantage of developing a comprehensive and harmonized approach to QA covering both the technical and the managerial issues was emphasized to ensure the optimization of benefits to patient safety and effectiveness. The necessary coupling between medical radiation imaging and radiotherapy was stressed, particularly for advanced technologies. However, the need for a more systematic approach to the adoption of advanced technologies was underscored by a report on failures in intensity-modulated radiotherapy dosimetry auditing tests in the United States, which could imply inadequate implementation of QA for these new technologies. A plenary session addressed the socioeconomic impact of introducing advanced technologies in resource-limited settings. How shall the dual gaps, one in access to basic medical services and the other in access to high-quality modern technology, be addressed? PMID:18406944

  13. Quality Assurance in Open Distance Learning: IGNOU a Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GanapathiAvabrath

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Learning (ODL isbecoming increasingly important due to the large-scaleexpansion in modes of educational delivery. In India ODL wasintroduced in its most primitive form as correspondenceeducation in the 1960s. Over five decades it has evolved andtaken on different forms from corresponding education in the1960s and 70s to Open and Distance Education in the 1980s,and Virtual Education and Online Education in the last decade.In fact, all three generations of ODL are co-existing in theform of Correspondence Course Institutes/Directorates ofDistance Education attached to conventional Universities;State Open Universities; National Open University;Professional Associations; Private Universities and Institutionsand Foreign Universities. The quality of open and distancelearning (ODL varies, like any other form of education. Itsquality (however you define it can be the result of a variety offactors, both internal and external to an ODL organization forexample, the levels of skills and expertise of staff, the amountof resources available, weak or strong leadership, efficiency ofits administrative systems, or the communicationsinfrastructure in a country.

  14. Software quality assurance procedures for radioactive waste risk assessment codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This support study for the evaluation of the safety of geological disposal systems is aimed at identifying the requirements for software quality assurance procedures for radioactive waste risk assessment codes, and to recommend appropriate procedures. The research covers: (i) the analysis of existing procedures and definition of requirements; (ii) a case study of the use of some existing procedures; (iii) the definition and the implementation of procedures. The report is supported by appendices that give more detail on the procedures recommended. It is intended to provide ideas on the steps that should be taken to ensure the quality of the programs used for assessment of the safety case for radioactive waste repositories, and does not represent the introduction of wholly new ideas or techniques. The emphasis throughout is on procedures that will be easily implemented, rather than on the fully rigorous procedures that are required for some application areas. The study has concentrated on measures that will increase the confidence in repository performance assessments among the wider scientific/engineering community, and the lay public

  15. Needle localization breast biopsy: a model for multidisciplinary quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, J R; Monsees, B; Destouet, J; Seib, J; Dehner, L P; Kraybill, W G

    1995-04-01

    As part of the quality assurance role of the Cancer Committee at Barnes Hospital, an institutional audit of Needle Localization Breast Biopsy (NLBB) was performed. Mammographic, operative, and surgical pathology reports from 370 consecutive patients at our institution undergoing both mammography and needle localization biopsy over a 34-month interval were reviewed. Carcinoma was diagnosed pathologically in 103 patients (28%), and 27% of these proved to be noninvasive. Sixteen patients were found to have histologic or clinical involvement of the axillary nodes; no patients with Tis lesions were found to have axillary nodal involvement. Of the patients, 73% were found to have either Stage 0 or Stage I disease, and 61% with an established malignancy had mastectomy (67% of patients with invasive carcinoma, 44% of those with carcinoma-in-situ), whereas 39% had some form of conservation therapy (33% of patients with invasive lesions, 56% of those with carcinoma-in-situ). Our results have been compared with other published studies, and important clinical indicators for evaluating the results of individual centers performing NLBB are discussed. It is concluded that NLBB is a safe and effective method of biopsying nonpalpable breast lesions, which allows for the identification of early stage breast carcinomas. In the present environment of concerns about the quality of care and costs, it is the responsibility of each center performing NLBB periodically to evaluate their results with this multidisciplinary procedure and to bring about change in those areas found to be deficient. PMID:7723366

  16. Extending cluster lot quality assurance sampling designs for surveillance programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hund, Lauren; Pagano, Marcello

    2014-07-20

    Lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) has a long history of applications in industrial quality control. LQAS is frequently used for rapid surveillance in global health settings, with areas classified as poor or acceptable performance on the basis of the binary classification of an indicator. Historically, LQAS surveys have relied on simple random samples from the population; however, implementing two-stage cluster designs for surveillance sampling is often more cost-effective than simple random sampling. By applying survey sampling results to the binary classification procedure, we develop a simple and flexible nonparametric procedure to incorporate clustering effects into the LQAS sample design to appropriately inflate the sample size, accommodating finite numbers of clusters in the population when relevant. We use this framework to then discuss principled selection of survey design parameters in longitudinal surveillance programs. We apply this framework to design surveys to detect rises in malnutrition prevalence in nutrition surveillance programs in Kenya and South Sudan, accounting for clustering within villages. By combining historical information with data from previous surveys, we design surveys to detect spikes in the childhood malnutrition rate. PMID:24633656

  17. Production management and quality assurance for the fabrication of the In-Vessel Components of the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Thousand parts for the divertor, first wall, cooling supply and diagnostics as W7-X In-Vessel Components. • Database building including part and assembly data, work and capacity organization, quality assurance documents. • Production management system to organize the fabrication and the associated quality assurance. • Successful use of an efficient and flexible product planning and scheduling tool for W7-X In-Vessel Components. - Abstract: The In-Vessel Components (IVC) of the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X consist of the divertor components and the first wall (FW) with their internal water cooling supply and a set of diagnostics. Due to the significant amount of different components, including many variants, a tool called Production Managing System (PMS) has been developed to organize the fabrication and the associated quality assurance. The PMS works by building a database containing the basic parts and assembly data, manufacturing and quality control plans, and available machine capacity. The creation of this database is based mainly on the parts lists, the manufacturing drawings, and details of the working flow organization. As a consequence of the learning process and technical adjustments during the design and manufacturing phase, the database needed to be permanently updated. Therefore an interface tool to optimize the data preparation has been developed. PMS has been demonstrated to be an efficient tool to support the IVC production activities providing reliable planning estimates, easily adaptable to problems encountered during the fabrication and provided a basis for the integration of quality assurance requirements

  18. Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

    1998-01-01

    Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

  19. Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haapakorpi, Arja

    2011-01-01

    In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

  20. Recommendations for quality assurance programs in nuclear medicine facilities. Radiation recommendations series

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The publication provides the elements that should be considered by nuclear medicine facilities to improve their existing programs or develop new quality assurance programs. The important administrative aspects of quality assurance programs are stressed. Each facility is encouraged to adopt those elements of the recommended program that are appropriate to its individual needs and resources