WorldWideScience

Sample records for based tory ii-c

  1. TORIS Data Preparation Guidelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guinn, H.; Remson, D.

    1999-03-11

    The objective of this manual is to present guidelines and procedures for the preparation of new data for the Tertiary Oil Recovery Information System (TORIS) data base. TORIS is an analytical system currently maintained by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Bartlesville Project Office. It uses an extensive field- and reservoir-level data base to evaluate the technical and economic recovery potential of specific crude oil reservoirs.

  2. New Lie tori from Naoi tori

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshii, Yoji

    2015-01-01

    We define general Lie tori which generalize original Lie tori. We show that a Naoi torus is a general Lie torus. We give examples and prove several properties of general Lie tori. We also review isotopies of Lie tori, and prove that a general Lie torus is, in fact, isotopic to an original Lie torus. Finally, we suggest a very simple way of defining a Lie torus corresponding to a locally extended affine root system R, which we call a Lie R-torus.

  3. Singular limit cycle bifurcations to closed orbits and invariant tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper investigates singular limit cycle bifurcations for a singularly perturbed system. Based on a series of transformations (the modified curvilinear coordinate, blow-up, and near-identity transformation) and bifurcation theory of periodic orbits and invariant tori, the bifurcations of closed orbits and invariant tori near singular limit cycles are discussed

  4. Singular limit cycle bifurcations to closed orbits and invariant tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ye Zhiyong [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Mathematics, Chongqing Institute of Technology, Chongqing 400050 (China); E-mail: yezhiyong@sjtu.edu.cn; Han Maoan [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); E-mail: mahan@sjtu.edu.cn

    2006-02-01

    This paper investigates singular limit cycle bifurcations for a singularly perturbed system. Based on a series of transformations (the modified curvilinear coordinate, blow-up, and near-identity transformation) and bifurcation theory of periodic orbits and invariant tori, the bifurcations of closed orbits and invariant tori near singular limit cycles are discussed.

  5. Oral Tori in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chia-Lin; Hsu, Ching-Wei; Chang, Pei-Ching; Huang, Wen-Hung; Weng, Cheng-Hao; Yang, Huang-Yu; Liu, Shou-Hsuan; Chen, Kuan-Hsing; Weng, Shu-Man; Chang, Chih-Chun; Wang, I-Kuan

    2016-01-01

    Background The pathogenesis of oral tori has long been debated and is thought to be the product of both genetic and environmental factors, including occlusal forces. Another proposed mechanism for oral tori is the combination of biomechanical forces, particularly in the oral cavity, combined with cortical bone loss and trabecular expansion, as one might see in the early stages of primary hyperparathyroidism. This study investigated the epidemiology of torus palatinus (TP) and torus mandibularis (TM) in peritoneal dialysis patients, and analyzed the influences of hyperparathyroidism on the formation of oral tori. Method In total, 134 peritoneal dialysis patients were recruited between July 1 and December 31, 2015 for dental examinations for this study. Patients were categorized into two subgroups based on the presence or absence of oral tori. Demographic, hematological, biochemical, and dialysis-related data were obtained for analysis. Results The prevalence of oral tori in our sample group was high at 42.5% (57 of 134), and most patients with oral tori were female (61.4%). The most common location of tori was TP (80.7%), followed by TP and TM (14.0%), then TM (5.3%). All 54 TP cases were at the midline, and most were <2 cm (59.3%), flat (53.7%), and located in the premolar region (40.7%). Of the 11 TM cases, all were bilateral and symmetric, mostly <2 cm (81.9%), lobular (45.4%), and located at premolar region (63.6%). Interestingly, patients with oral tori had slightly lower serum levels of intact parathyroid hormones than those without oral tori, but the difference was not statistically significant (317.3±292.0 versus 430.1±492.6 pg/mL, P = 0.126). In addition, patients with oral tori did not differ from patients without tori in inflammatory variables such as serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (6.6±8.2 versus 10.3±20.2 mg/L, P = 0.147) or nutritional variables such as serum albumin levels (3.79±0.38 versus 3.77±0.45 g/dL, P = 0

  6. Oral Tori in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Lin Hsu

    Full Text Available The pathogenesis of oral tori has long been debated and is thought to be the product of both genetic and environmental factors, including occlusal forces. Another proposed mechanism for oral tori is the combination of biomechanical forces, particularly in the oral cavity, combined with cortical bone loss and trabecular expansion, as one might see in the early stages of primary hyperparathyroidism. This study investigated the epidemiology of torus palatinus (TP and torus mandibularis (TM in peritoneal dialysis patients, and analyzed the influences of hyperparathyroidism on the formation of oral tori.In total, 134 peritoneal dialysis patients were recruited between July 1 and December 31, 2015 for dental examinations for this study. Patients were categorized into two subgroups based on the presence or absence of oral tori. Demographic, hematological, biochemical, and dialysis-related data were obtained for analysis.The prevalence of oral tori in our sample group was high at 42.5% (57 of 134, and most patients with oral tori were female (61.4%. The most common location of tori was TP (80.7%, followed by TP and TM (14.0%, then TM (5.3%. All 54 TP cases were at the midline, and most were <2 cm (59.3%, flat (53.7%, and located in the premolar region (40.7%. Of the 11 TM cases, all were bilateral and symmetric, mostly <2 cm (81.9%, lobular (45.4%, and located at premolar region (63.6%. Interestingly, patients with oral tori had slightly lower serum levels of intact parathyroid hormones than those without oral tori, but the difference was not statistically significant (317.3±292.0 versus 430.1±492.6 pg/mL, P = 0.126. In addition, patients with oral tori did not differ from patients without tori in inflammatory variables such as serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein levels (6.6±8.2 versus 10.3±20.2 mg/L, P = 0.147 or nutritional variables such as serum albumin levels (3.79±0.38 versus 3.77±0.45 g/dL, P = 0.790. Furthermore, there were no

  7. Focal Rigidity of Flat Tori

    CERN Document Server

    Kwakkel, Ferry; Peixoto, Mauricio

    2011-01-01

    Given a closed Riemannian manifold (M, g), there is a partition \\Sigma_i of its tangent bundle TM called the focal decomposition. The sets \\Sigma_i are closely associated to focusing of geodesics of (M, g), i.e. to the situation where there are exactly i geodesic arcs of the same length joining points p and q in M. In this note, we study the topological structure of the focal decomposition of a closed Riemannian manifold and its relation with the metric structure of the manifold. Our main result is that the flat n-tori are focally rigid, in the sense that if two flat tori are focally equivalent, then the tori are isometric up to rescaling.

  8. Tori Hobune 2011 & Eesti Hobune 2011 / Krista Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Krista

    2011-01-01

    14. mail korraldas Tori Hobusekasvanduse ratsaspordiklubi XVI Tori hobuse päeva ja esimese ettapi karikasarjas Tori Hobune 2011, kus avastardi takistussõidus tegid ka eesti tõugu hobused, ning 15. mail toimus koolisõidu etapp

  9. Quasi-periodicity in relative quasi-periodic tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassò, Francesco; García-Naranjo, Luis C.; Giacobbe, Andrea

    2015-10-01

    At variance from the cases of relative equilibria and relative periodic orbits of dynamical systems with symmetry, the dynamics in relative quasi-periodic tori (namely, subsets of the phase space that project to an invariant torus of the reduced system on which the flow is quasi-periodic) is not yet completely understood. Even in the simplest situation of a free action of a compact and abelian connected group, the dynamics in a relative quasi-periodic torus is not necessarily quasi-periodic. It is known that quasi-periodicity of the unreduced dynamics is related to the reducibility of the reconstruction equation, and sufficient conditions for it are virtually known only in a perturbation context. We provide a different, though equivalent, approach to this subject, based on the hypothesis of the existence of commuting, group-invariant lifts of a set of generators of the reduced torus. Under this hypothesis, which is shown to be equivalent to the reducibility of the reconstruction equation, we give a complete description of the structure of the relative quasi-periodic torus, which is a principal torus bundle whose fibers are tori of a dimension which exceeds that of the reduced torus by at most the rank of the group. The construction can always be done in such a way that these tori have minimal dimension and carry ergodic flow.

  10. Quasi-periodic oscillations of perturbed tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthasarathy, Varadarajan; Manousakis, Antonios; Kluźniak, Włodzimierz

    2016-05-01

    We performed axisymmetric hydrodynamical simulations of oscillating tori orbiting a non-rotating black hole. The tori in equilibrium were constructed with a constant distribution of angular momentum in a pseudo-Newtonian potential (Kluźniak-Lee). Motions of the torus were triggered by adding subsonic velocity fields: radial, vertical and diagonal to the tori in equilibrium. As the perturbed tori evolved in time, we measured L2 norm of density and obtained the power spectrum of L2 norm which manifested eigenfrequencies of tori modes. The most prominent modes of oscillation excited in the torus by a quasi-random perturbation are the breathing mode and the radial and vertical epicyclic modes. The radial and the plus modes, as well as the vertical and the breathing modes will have frequencies in an approximate 3:2 ratio if the torus is several Schwarzschild radii away from the innermost stable circular orbit. Results of our simulations may be of interest in the context of high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations observed in stellar-mass black hole binaries, as well as in supermassive black holes.

  11. (Tory) anarchy in the UK: The very peculiar practice of tory anarchism

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkin, P.

    2009-01-01

    The idea of ‘Tory Anarchism’ is reasonably well known but largely unanalysed in either popular or academic literature. Tory Anarchism refers to a group of apparently disparate figures in English popular and political culture whose work has, in part, satirised key British institutions and social relations. At the same time they also provide interesting insights into questions of British, though predominantly English, identity, by focusing upon issues of class, empire and nation. This article ...

  12. Computation of whiskered invariant tori and their associated manifolds: new fast algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Huguet, Gemma; Sire, Yannick

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present efficient algorithms for the computation of several invariant objects for Hamiltonian dynamics. More precisely, we consider KAM tori (i.e diffeomorphic copies of the torus such that the motion on them is conjugated to a rigid rotation) both Lagrangian tori (of maximal dimension) and whiskered tori (i.e. tori with hyperbolic directions which, together with the tangents to the torus and the symplectic conjugates span the whole tangent space). In the case of whiskered tori, we also present algorithms to compute the invariant splitting and the invariant manifolds associated to the splitting. We present them both for the case of discrete time and for differential equations. The algorithms are based on a Newton method to solve an appropriately chosen functional equation that expresses invariance. The algorithms are efficient: if we discretize the objects by $N$ elements, one step of the Newton method requires only O(N) storage and $O(N \\ln(N))$ operations. Furthermore, if the object we cons...

  13. Liouville quantum gravity on complex tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, François [Institut de Physique Théorique, CNRS, URA 2306, CEA, IPhT, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Rhodes, Rémi [Université Paris-Est Marne la Vallée, LAMA, Champs sur Marne (France); Vargas, Vincent [ENS Paris, DMA, 45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris (France)

    2016-02-15

    In this paper, we construct Liouville Quantum Field Theory (LQFT) on the toroidal topology in the spirit of the 1981 seminal work by Polyakov [Phys. Lett. B 103, 207 (1981)]. Our approach follows the construction carried out by the authors together with Kupiainen in the case of the Riemann sphere [“Liouville quantum gravity on the Riemann sphere,” e-print arXiv:1410.7318]. The difference is here that the moduli space for complex tori is non-trivial. Modular properties of LQFT are thus investigated. This allows us to integrate the LQFT on complex tori over the moduli space, to compute the law of the random Liouville modulus, therefore recovering (and extending) formulae obtained by physicists, and make conjectures about the relationship with random planar maps of genus one, eventually weighted by a conformal field theory and conformally embedded onto the torus.

  14. Liouville quantum gravity on complex tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, François; Rhodes, Rémi; Vargas, Vincent

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, we construct Liouville Quantum Field Theory (LQFT) on the toroidal topology in the spirit of the 1981 seminal work by Polyakov [Phys. Lett. B 103, 207 (1981)]. Our approach follows the construction carried out by the authors together with Kupiainen in the case of the Riemann sphere ["Liouville quantum gravity on the Riemann sphere," e-print arXiv:1410.7318]. The difference is here that the moduli space for complex tori is non-trivial. Modular properties of LQFT are thus investigated. This allows us to integrate the LQFT on complex tori over the moduli space, to compute the law of the random Liouville modulus, therefore recovering (and extending) formulae obtained by physicists, and make conjectures about the relationship with random planar maps of genus one, eventually weighted by a conformal field theory and conformally embedded onto the torus.

  15. Liouville quantum gravity on complex tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, we construct Liouville Quantum Field Theory (LQFT) on the toroidal topology in the spirit of the 1981 seminal work by Polyakov [Phys. Lett. B 103, 207 (1981)]. Our approach follows the construction carried out by the authors together with Kupiainen in the case of the Riemann sphere [“Liouville quantum gravity on the Riemann sphere,” e-print arXiv:1410.7318]. The difference is here that the moduli space for complex tori is non-trivial. Modular properties of LQFT are thus investigated. This allows us to integrate the LQFT on complex tori over the moduli space, to compute the law of the random Liouville modulus, therefore recovering (and extending) formulae obtained by physicists, and make conjectures about the relationship with random planar maps of genus one, eventually weighted by a conformal field theory and conformally embedded onto the torus

  16. Line emission from optically thick relativistic accretion tori

    OpenAIRE

    Fuerst, Steven V.; Wu, Kinwah

    2007-01-01

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderat...

  17. Spherical Tori. Report on the joint meeting of the IAEA technical committee meeting on spherical tori and the fourth international workshop on spherical tori held at the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan 26-28 October 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spherical tori (ST), represented mainly by the spherical tokamak, are of growing importance for fusion research, and several new devices are planned or under construction around the world. The purpose of the Joint Meeting was to provide a forum for discussion of approaches to fusion energy based on ST. Other toroidal configurations, such as low aspect ratio helical systems and spheromaks, were also included in the scope of this meeting

  18. Curved noncommutative tori as Leibniz quantum compact metric spaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Latrémolière, Frédéric, E-mail: frederic@math.du.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado 80208 (United States)

    2015-12-15

    We prove that curved noncommutative tori are Leibniz quantum compact metric spaces and that they form a continuous family over the group of invertible matrices with entries in the image of the quantum tori for the conjugation by modular conjugation operator in the regular representation, when this group is endowed with a natural length function.

  19. Charged tori in spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields

    CERN Document Server

    Slany, P; Stuchlik, Z; Karas, V

    2013-01-01

    A Newtonian model of non-conductive, charged, perfect fluid tori orbiting in combined spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields is presented and stationary, axisymmetric toroidal structures are analyzed. Matter in such tori exhibits a purely circulatory motion and the resulting convection carries charges into permanent rotation around the symmetry axis. As a main result, we demonstrate the possible existence of off-equatorial charged tori and equatorial tori with cusps enabling outflows of matter from the torus also in the Newtonian regime. These phenomena represent qualitatively a new consequence of the interplay between gravity and electromagnetism. From an astrophysical point of view, our investigation can provide insight into processes that determine the vertical structure of dusty tori surrounding accretion disks.

  20. CHARGED TORI IN SPHERICAL GRAVITATIONAL AND DIPOLAR MAGNETIC FIELDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slany, P.; Kovar, J.; Stuchlik, Z. [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava Bezrucovo nam. 13, CZ-746 01 Opava (Czech Republic); Karas, V., E-mail: petr.slany@fpf.slu.cz [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences, Bocni II, Prague CZ-141 31 (Czech Republic)

    2013-03-01

    A Newtonian model of non-conductive, charged, perfect fluid tori orbiting in combined spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields is presented and stationary, axisymmetric toroidal structures are analyzed. Matter in such tori exhibits a purely circulatory motion and the resulting convection carries charges into permanent rotation around the symmetry axis. As a main result, we demonstrate the possible existence of off-equatorial charged tori and equatorial tori with cusps that also enable outflows of matter from the torus in the Newtonian regime. These phenomena qualitatively represent a new consequence of the interplay between gravity and electromagnetism. From an astrophysical point of view, our investigation can provide insight into processes that determine the vertical structure of dusty tori surrounding accretion disks.

  1. Evaluation of the effectiveness of light streamer tori-lines and characteristics of bait attacks by seabirds in the western North Pacific.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noriyosi Sato

    Full Text Available To improve the effectiveness of tori-lines it is necessary to evaluate the ability of tori-lines to mitigate seabird bycatch and determine what kind of seabird species gather during line settings, attack the bait and are incidentally caught. We conducted two experiments in the western North Pacific and examined the effectiveness for seabird mitigation of light streamer tori-lines which have no long streamers but many light (short streamers and are mainly used in the North Pacific area. Firstly, the effectiveness of two different types of tori-line (light streamer (1 m and long streamer (up to 7 m tori-line and of two different colors (yellow and red of light streamers for seabird bycatch avoidance was evaluated using 567 sets based on data from 20 offshore surface commercial longliners. No significant difference in the bycatch number between the different tori-line types and streamer colors was found. Secondly, we investigated the characteristics of the seabird bycatch in the North Pacific and the effectiveness of three different types of streamers (light, hybrid and modified light types by detailed observations of seabird attacks using a chartered longline vessel. Although the appearance rate of albatrosses and shearwaters were 40.9% and 27.7%, Laysan albatross was the main seabird species that followed the vessel but shearwaters seldom followed the vessel and did not aggregate during line setting. In all attacks on bait observed during line settings, 81% and 7% were by albatrosses and shearwaters, respectively. In the number of primary attacks by Laysan albatrosses which attacked most aggressively of all seabirds, there were no significant differences among the tori-line types. No individuals of shearwater were caught. The results of both experiments indicated that light streamer tori-lines were as effective as tori-lines with long streamers for mitigating seabird bycatch in the North Pacific.

  2. Low-energy capture of asteroids onto KAM tori

    CERN Document Server

    Verrier, Patricia E

    2015-01-01

    We present a new method for engineering the artificial capture of asteroids. Based on theories of the chaos-assisted capture of natural satellites of the giant planets, we show how an unbound asteroid that passes close to a regular region of phase space can be easily moved onto the nearby KAM tori and essentially permanently captured with the Earth's Hill sphere without closing the zero velocity curves. The method has the advantages of a relatively low delta-v requirement and no need for control strategies. An illustration of the method is given for an example asteroid trajectory, demonstrating that it is a viable strategy for the final capture stage of asteroids in the Earth's neighbourhood.

  3. Three-dimensional tori and Arnold tongues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekikawa, Munehisa; Inaba, Naohiko; Kamiyama, Kyohei; Aihara, Kazuyuki

    2014-03-01

    This study analyzes an Arnold resonance web, which includes complicated quasi-periodic bifurcations, by conducting a Lyapunov analysis for a coupled delayed logistic map. The map can exhibit a two-dimensional invariant torus (IT), which corresponds to a three-dimensional torus in vector fields. Numerous one-dimensional invariant closed curves (ICCs), which correspond to two-dimensional tori in vector fields, exist in a very complicated but reasonable manner inside an IT-generating region. Periodic solutions emerge at the intersections of two different thin ICC-generating regions, which we call ICC-Arnold tongues, because all three independent-frequency components of the IT become rational at the intersections. Additionally, we observe a significant bifurcation structure where conventional Arnold tongues transit to ICC-Arnold tongues through a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation in the neighborhood of a quasi-periodic Hopf bifurcation (or a quasi-periodic Neimark-Sacker bifurcation) boundary.

  4. Three-dimensional tori and Arnold tongues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekikawa, Munehisa, E-mail: sekikawa@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp [Department of Mechanical and Intelligent Engineering, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya-shi 321-8585 (Japan); Inaba, Naohiko [Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual Property, Meiji University, Kawasaki-shi 214-8571 (Japan); Kamiyama, Kyohei [Department of Electronics and Bioinformatics, Meiji University, Kawasaki-shi 214-8571 (Japan); Aihara, Kazuyuki [Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku 153-8505 (Japan)

    2014-03-15

    This study analyzes an Arnold resonance web, which includes complicated quasi-periodic bifurcations, by conducting a Lyapunov analysis for a coupled delayed logistic map. The map can exhibit a two-dimensional invariant torus (IT), which corresponds to a three-dimensional torus in vector fields. Numerous one-dimensional invariant closed curves (ICCs), which correspond to two-dimensional tori in vector fields, exist in a very complicated but reasonable manner inside an IT-generating region. Periodic solutions emerge at the intersections of two different thin ICC-generating regions, which we call ICC-Arnold tongues, because all three independent-frequency components of the IT become rational at the intersections. Additionally, we observe a significant bifurcation structure where conventional Arnold tongues transit to ICC-Arnold tongues through a Neimark-Sacker bifurcation in the neighborhood of a quasi-periodic Hopf bifurcation (or a quasi-periodic Neimark-Sacker bifurcation) boundary.

  5. Modular Curvature for Noncommutative Two-Tori

    CERN Document Server

    Connes, Alain

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the description of the conformal geometry of noncommutative 2-tori in the framework of modular spectral triples, we explicitly compute the local curvature functionals determined by the value at zero of the zeta functions affiliated with these spectral triples. We give a closed formula for the Ray-Singer analytic torsion in terms of the Dirichlet quadratic form and the generating function for Bernoulli numbers applied to the modular operator. The gradient of the Ray-Singer analytic torsion is then expressed in terms of these functionals, and yields the analogue of scalar curvature. Computing this gradient in two ways elucidates the meaning of the complicated two variable functions occurring in the formula for the scalar curvature. Moreover, the corresponding evolution equation for the metric produces the appropriate analogue of Ricci curvature. We prove the analogue of the classical result which asserts that in every conformal class the maximum value of the determinant of the Laplacian on metrics...

  6. Toris väärtustub ameeriklaste panus / Silvia Paluoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paluoja, Silvia, 1956-

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja Ameerika Ühendriikide suursaadik Michael C. Polt avasid 22. juunil 2010. a. Tori alevikus Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus mälestusplaadi Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikest Vabadusristi kavaleridele

  7. On Lower Dimensional Invariant Tori in Cd Reversible Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing ZHANG

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,a result on the persistence of lowner dimensional invariant tori in Cd reversible systems is obtained under some conditions.The theorem is proved for any d which is larger than some consts.

  8. Rational points of bounded height on compactifications of anisotropic tori

    CERN Document Server

    Batyrev, V V; Batyrev, Victor V; Tschinkel, Yuri

    1994-01-01

    We investigate the analytic properties of the zeta-function associated with heights on equivariant compactifications of anisotropic tori over number fields. This allows to verify conjectures about the distribution of rational points of bounded height.

  9. Tori hobuse mitu palet ja ametit / Vivika Veski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Vivika

    2008-01-01

    Tori hobusekasvandus pürib turismiäri ja toetuste abiga üle-eestilise haardega tõuaretuskeskuseks. Küsimusele, mida arvate plaanist luua Torisse hobuste aretamise keskus, vastavad Peep Puna ja Raigo Kollom

  10. Conformal chiral boson models on twisted doubled tori and non-geometric string vacua

    CERN Document Server

    Avramis, Spyros D; Prezas, Nikolaos

    2009-01-01

    We derive and analyze the conditions for quantum conformal and Lorentz invariance of the duality symmetric interacting chiral boson sigma-models, which are conjectured to describe non-geometric string theory backgrounds. The one-loop Weyl and Lorentz anomalies are computed for the general case using the background field method. Subsequently, our results are applied to a class of (on-shell) Lorentz invariant chiral boson models which are based on twisted doubled tori. Our findings are in agreement with those expected from the effective supergravity approach, thereby firmly establishing that the chiral boson models under consideration provide the string worldsheet description of N=4 gauged supergravities with electric gaugings. Furthermore, they demonstrate that twisted doubled tori are indeed the doubled internal geometries underlying a large class of non-geometric string compactifications. For compact gaugings the associated chiral boson models are automatically conformal, a fact that is explained by showing ...

  11. Normal linear stability of quasi-periodic tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broer, H. W.; Hoo, J.; Naudot, V.

    We consider families of dynamical systems having invariant tori that carry quasi-periodic motions. Our interest is the persistence of such tori under small, nearly-integrable perturbations. This persistence problem is studied in the dissipative, the Hamiltonian and the reversible setting, as part of a more general KAM theory for classes of structure preserving dynamical systems. This concerns the parametrized KAM theory as initiated by Moser [J.K. Moser, On the theory of quasiperiodic motions, SIAM Rev. 8 (2) (1966)145-172; J.K. Moser, Convergent series expansions for quasi-periodic motions, Math. Ann. 169 (1967) 136-176] and further developed in [G.B. Huitema, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori, PhD thesis, University of Groningen, 1988; H.W. Broer, G.B. Huitema, F. Takens, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. 83 (421) (1990) 1-82; H.W. Broer, G.B. Huitema, Unfoldings of quasi-periodic tori in reversible systems, J. Dynam. Differential Equations 7 (1) (1995) 191-212]. The corresponding nondegeneracy condition involves certain (trans-)versality conditions on the normal linear, leading, part at the invariant tori. We show that as a consequence, a Cantor family of Diophantine tori with positive Hausdorff measure is persistent under nearly-integrable perturbations. This result extends the above references since presently the case of multiple Floquet exponents is included. Our leading example is the normal 1 :-1 resonance, which occurs a lot in applications, both Hamiltonian and reversible. As an illustration of this we briefly describe the Lagrange top coupled to an oscillator.

  12. M-theory FDA, twisted tori and Chevalley cohomology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The FDA algebras emerging from twisted tori compactifications of M-theory with fluxes are discussed within the general classification scheme provided by Sullivan's theorems and by Chevalley cohomology. It is shown that the generalized Maurer-Cartan equations which have appeared in the literature, in spite of their complicated appearance, once suitably decoded within cohomology, lead to trivial FDAs, all new p-form generators being contractible when the 4-form flux is cohomologically trivial. Non-trivial D=4 FDAs can emerge from non-trivial fluxes but only if the cohomology class of the flux satisfies an additional algebraic condition which appears not to be satisfied in general and has to be studied for each algebra separately. As an illustration an exhaustive study of Chevalley cohomology for the simplest class of SS algebras is presented but a general formalism is developed, based on the structure of a double elliptic complex, which, besides providing the presented results, makes possible the quick analysis of compactification on any other twisted torus

  13. M-theory FDA, twisted tori and Chevalley cohomology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fre, Pietro [Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Universita di Torino, INFN, Sezione di Torino, via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Turin (Italy)]. E-mail: fre@to.infn.it

    2006-05-15

    The FDA algebras emerging from twisted tori compactifications of M-theory with fluxes are discussed within the general classification scheme provided by Sullivan's theorems and by Chevalley cohomology. It is shown that the generalized Maurer-Cartan equations which have appeared in the literature, in spite of their complicated appearance, once suitably decoded within cohomology, lead to trivial FDAs, all new p-form generators being contractible when the 4-form flux is cohomologically trivial. Non-trivial D=4 FDAs can emerge from non-trivial fluxes but only if the cohomology class of the flux satisfies an additional algebraic condition which appears not to be satisfied in general and has to be studied for each algebra separately. As an illustration an exhaustive study of Chevalley cohomology for the simplest class of SS algebras is presented but a general formalism is developed, based on the structure of a double elliptic complex, which, besides providing the presented results, makes possible the quick analysis of compactification on any other twisted torus.

  14. Invariant tori for a class of nonlinear evolution equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper looks at quite a wide class of nonlinear evolution equations in a Banach space, including the typical boundary value problems for the main wave equations in mathematical physics (the telegraph equation, the equation of a vibrating beam, various equations from the elastic stability and so on). For this class of equations a unified approach to the bifurcation of invariant tori of arbitrary finite dimension is put forward. Namely, the problem of the birth of such tori from the zero equilibrium is investigated under the assumption that in the stability problem for this equilibrium the situation arises close to an infinite-dimensional degeneracy. Bibliography: 28 titles

  15. Küsimuste tulv automaksu teel / Villem Tori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tori, Villem

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Autoettevõtete Liidu direktor Villem Tori imestab sotsiaaldemokraatide automaksu idee üle, sest kordagi pole öeldud, mida sellest maksust laekuva rahaga teha soovitakse. Vt. samas: Võimalik automaks. Kommenteerivad võimlemisklubi Janika juht Janika Mölder ja suusatreener Mati Alaver

  16. Erakordne jumalateenistus Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus Toris / Kuno Raude

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raude, Kuno

    2010-01-01

    22. juunil 2010. a. Toris Eesti Sõjameeste Mälestuskirikus toimunud jumalateenistusest, millest võttis osa ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. Eesti riigipea avas koos USA suursaadikuga Eestis Michael C. Polt'iga Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikest Vabadusristi kavaleridele pühendatud mälestusplaadi

  17. Line Emission from Optically Thick RelativisticAccretion Tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuerst, Steven V.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.; Wu, Kinwah; /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.

    2007-09-14

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderate viewing inclination angles they both have asymmetric double-peaked profiles with a tall, sharp blue peak and a shorter red peak which has an extensive red wing. At high viewing inclination angles they both have very broad, asymmetric lines which can be roughly considered as single-peaked. Torus and disk lines may show very different red and blue line wings, but the differences are due to the models for relativistic tori and disks having differing inner boundary radii. Self-eclipse and lensing play some role in shaping the torus lines, but they are effective only at high inclination angles. If inner and outer radii of an accretion torus are the same as those of an accretion disk, their line profiles show substantial differences only when inclination angles are close to 90{sup o}, and those differences are manifested mostly at the central regions of the lines instead of the wings.

  18. Line emission from optically thick relativistic accretion tori

    CERN Document Server

    Fuerst, Steven V

    2007-01-01

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderate viewing inclination angles they both have asymmetric double-peaked profiles with a tall, sharp blue peak and a shorter red peak which has an extensive red wing. At high viewing inclination angles they both have very broad, asymmetric lines which can be roughly considered single-peaked. Torus and disk lines may show very different red and blue line wings, but the differences are due to the models for relativistic tori and disks having differing inner boundary radii. Self-eclipse and lensing play some role in shaping the ...

  19. Scale invariant Strichartz estimates on tori and applications

    OpenAIRE

    Killip, Rowan; Visan, Monica

    2014-01-01

    We prove scale-invariant Strichartz inequalities for the Schrodinger equation on rectangular tori (rational or irrational) in all dimensions. We use these estimates to give a unified and simpler treatment of local well-posedness of the energy-critical nonlinear Schrodinger equation in dimensions three and four.

  20. Once-punctured tori and knots in lens spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Kenneth L.

    2006-01-01

    We determine the non-null homologous knots in lens spaces whose exteriors contain properly embedded once-punctured tori. All such knots arise as surgeries on the Whitehead link and are grid number 1 in their lens spaces. As a corollary, we classify once-punctured torus bundles that admit a lens space filling.

  1. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuchlík, Z.; Pugliese, D.; Schee, J.; Kučáková, H.

    2015-09-01

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularities. These are spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of the modified Hořava quantum gravity, characterized by a dimensionless parameter ω M^2, combining the gravitational mass parameter M of the spacetime with the Hořava parameter ω reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of ω M^2, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures, demonstrating clear distinction to the properties of the torii in the Schwarzschild spacetimes. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an "antigravity" sphere where matter can stay in a stable equilibrium position, which is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures. The signature of the K-S naked singularity is given by the properties of marginally stable tori orbiting with the uniform distribution of the specific angular momentum of the fluid, l= const. In the K-S naked singularity spacetimes with ω M^2 > 0.2811, doubled tori with the same l= const can exist; mass transfer between the outer torus and the inner one is possible under appropriate conditions, while only outflow to the outer space is allowed in complementary conditions. In the K-S spacetimes with ω M^2 < 0.2811, accretion from cusped perfect fluid tori is not possible due to the non-existence of unstable circular geodesics.

  2. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuchlik, Z.; Pugliese, D.; Schee, J.; Kucakova, H. [Silesian University in Opava, Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Institute of Physics and Research Centre of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Opava (Czech Republic)

    2015-09-15

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularities. These are spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of the modified Horava quantum gravity, characterized by a dimensionless parameter ωM{sup 2}, combining the gravitational mass parameter M of the spacetime with the Horava parameter ω, reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of ωM{sup 2}, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures, demonstrating clear distinction to the properties of the torii in the Schwarzschild spacetimes. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an @gantigravity@h sphere where matter can stay in a stable equilibrium position, which is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures. The signature of the K-S naked singularity is given by the properties of marginally stable tori orbiting with the uniform distribution of the specific angular momentum of the fluid, l = const. In the K-S naked singularity spacetimes with ωM{sup 2} > 0.2811, doubled tori with the same l = const can exist; mass transfer between the outer torus and the inner one is possible under appropriate conditions, while only outflow to the outer space is allowed in complementary conditions. In the K-S spacetimes with ωM{sup 2} < 0.2811, accretion from cusped perfect fluid tori is not possible due to the non-existence of unstable circular geodesics. (orig.)

  3. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularities. These are spherically symmetric vacuum solutions of the modified Horava quantum gravity, characterized by a dimensionless parameter ωM2, combining the gravitational mass parameter M of the spacetime with the Horava parameter ω, reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of ωM2, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures, demonstrating clear distinction to the properties of the torii in the Schwarzschild spacetimes. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an @gantigravity@h sphere where matter can stay in a stable equilibrium position, which is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures. The signature of the K-S naked singularity is given by the properties of marginally stable tori orbiting with the uniform distribution of the specific angular momentum of the fluid, l = const. In the K-S naked singularity spacetimes with ωM2 > 0.2811, doubled tori with the same l = const can exist; mass transfer between the outer torus and the inner one is possible under appropriate conditions, while only outflow to the outer space is allowed in complementary conditions. In the K-S spacetimes with ωM2 < 0.2811, accretion from cusped perfect fluid tori is not possible due to the non-existence of unstable circular geodesics. (orig.)

  4. Lower dimensional invariant tori with prescribed frequency for nonlinear wave equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Jiansheng; Ren, Xiufang

    In this paper, one-dimensional (1D) nonlinear wave equation u-u+mu+u=0, subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions is considered. We show that for each given m>0, and each prescribed integer b>1, the above equation admits a Whitney smooth family of small-amplitude quasi-periodic solutions with b-dimensional Diophantine frequencies, which correspond to b-dimensional invariant tori of an associated infinite-dimensional dynamical system. In particular, these Diophantine frequencies are the small dilation of a prescribed Diophantine vector. The proof is based on a partial Birkhoff normal form reduction and an improved KAM method.

  5. Oscillations of radiation pressure supported tori near black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Mazur, Grzegorz P; Sądowski, Aleksander; Mishra, Bhupendra; Kluźniak, Włodek

    2015-01-01

    We study the dynamics of radiation pressure supported tori around Schwarzschild black holes, focusing on their oscillatory response to an external perturbation. Using KORAL, a general relativistic radiation hydrodynamics code capable of modeling all radiative regimes from the optically thick to the optically thin, we monitor a sample of models at different initial temperatures and opacities, evolving them in two spatial dimensions for $\\sim 165$ orbital periods. The dynamics of models with high opacity is very similar to that of purely hydrodynamics models, and it is characterized by regular oscillations which are visible also in the light curves. As the opacity is decreased, the tori quickly and violently migrate towards the gas-pressure dominated regime, collapsing towards the equatorial plane. When the spectra of the $L_2$ norm of the mass density are considered, high frequency inertial-acoustic modes of oscillations are detected (with the fundamental mode at a frequency $68 M_{\\rm BH}^{-1}\\,\\rm Hz$), in c...

  6. Mechanisms of Stochastic Diffusion of Energetic Ions in Spherical Tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stochastic diffusion of the energetic ions in spherical tori is considered. The following issues are addressed: (I) Goldston-White-Boozer diffusion in a rippled field; (ii) cyclotron-resonance-induced diffusion caused by the ripple; (iii) effects of non-conservation of the magnetic moment in an axisymmetric field. It is found that the stochastic diffusion in spherical tori with a weak magnetic field has a number of peculiarities in comparison with conventional tokamaks; in particular, it is characterized by an increased role of mechanisms associated with non-conservation of the particle magnetic moment. It is concluded that in current experiments on National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX) the stochastic diffusion does not have a considerable influence on the confinement of energetic ions

  7. Perfect fluid tori orbiting Kehagias-Sfetsos naked singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Schee, Jan; Kučáková, Hana

    2014-01-01

    We construct perfect fluid tori in the field of the Kehagias-Sfetsos (K-S) naked singularity representing spherically symmetric vacuum solution of the modified Ho\\v{r}ava quantum gravity that is characterized by a dimensionless parameter $\\omega M^2$, combining the gravitational mass parameter $M$ of the spacetime with the Ho\\v{r}ava parameter $\\omega$ reflecting the role of the quantum corrections. In dependence on the value of $\\omega M^2$, the K-S naked singularities demonstrate a variety of qualitatively different behavior of their circular geodesics that is fully reflected in the properties of the toroidal structures. In all of the K-S naked singularity spacetimes the tori are located above an "antigravity" sphere where matter can stay in stable equilibrium position, that is relevant for the stability of the orbiting fluid toroidal accretion structures.

  8. Classification of knotted tori in 2-metastable dimension

    KAUST Repository

    Cencelj, Matija

    2012-11-30

    This paper is devoted to the classical Knotting Problem: for a given manifold N and number m describe the set of isotopy classes of embeddings N → Sm. We study the specific case of knotted tori, that is, the embeddings Sp × Sq → Sm. The classification of knotted tori up to isotopy in the metastable dimension range m > p + 3 2 q + 2, p 6 q, was given by Haefliger, Zeeman and A. Skopenkov. We consider the dimensions below the metastable range and give an explicit criterion for the finiteness of this set of isotopy classes in the 2-metastable dimension: Theorem. Assume that p+ 4 3 q +2 < mp+ 3 2 q +2 and m > 2p+q +2. Then the set of isotopy classes of smooth embeddings Sp × Sq → Sm is infinite if and only if either q + 1 or p + q + 1 is divisible by 4. © 2012 RAS(DoM) and LMS.

  9. Circular geodesics and thick tori around rotating boson stars

    CERN Document Server

    Meliani, Z; Grandclément, P; Gourgoulhon, E; Monceau-Baroux, R; Straub, O

    2015-01-01

    Accretion disks play an important role in the evolution of their relativistic inner compact objects. The emergence of a new generation of interferometers will allow to resolve these accretion disks and provide more information about the properties of the central gravitating object. Due to this instrumental leap forward it is crucial to investigate the accretion disk physics near various types of inner compact objects now to deduce later constraints on the central objects from observations. A possible candidate for the inner object is the boson star. Here, we will try to analyze the differences between accretion structures surrounding boson stars and black holes. We aim at analysing the physics of circular geodesics around boson stars and study simple thick accretion tori (so-called Polish doughnuts) in the vicinity of these stars. We realize a detailed study of the properties of circular geodesics around boson stars. We then perform a parameter study of thick tori with constant angular momentum surrounding bo...

  10. Existence of Invariant Tori for Certain Weakly Reversible Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao She WEI

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we consider certain mappings, M, sufficiently close to an integrable one,which is weakly reversible with respect to the mappings G sufficiently close to an involution of type(m, n), where m,n ∈ Z+ are arbitrary. Under some weak non-degeneracy condition, we constructa uniform KAM iteration for proving the existence of a Cantor family of m-tori invariant under thereversible mappings M and the reversing mapping G.

  11. Cyber Security Evaluation of II&C Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ken Thomas

    2014-11-01

    The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is a research and development program sponsored by the Department of Energy, which is conducted in close collaboration with industry to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants The LWRS Program serves to help the US nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. Within the LWRS Program, the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) Systems Technologies Pathway conducts targeted research and development (R&D) to address aging and reliability concerns with the legacy instrumentation and control and related information systems of the U.S. operating light water reactor (LWR) fleet. The II&C Pathway is conducted by Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Cyber security is a common concern among nuclear utilities and other nuclear industry stakeholders regarding the digital technologies that are being developed under this program. This concern extends to the point of calling into question whether these types of technologies could ever be deployed in nuclear plants given the possibility that the information in them can be compromised and the technologies themselves can potentially be exploited to serve as attack vectors for adversaries. To this end, a cyber security evaluation has been conducted of these technologies to determine whether they constitute a threat beyond what the nuclear plants already manage within their regulatory-required cyber security programs. Specifically, the evaluation is based on NEI 08-09, which is the industry’s template for cyber security programs and evaluations, accepted by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as responsive to the requirements of the nuclear power plant cyber security regulation found in 10 CFR 73.54. The evaluation was conducted by a

  12. Vertex disjoint routings of cycles over tori

    OpenAIRE

    Bermond, Jean-Claude; Yu, Min-Li

    2007-01-01

    International audience We study the problem of designing a survivable WDM network based on covering the communication requests with subnetworks that are protected independently from each other. We consider here the case when the physical network is $T(n)$, a torus of size $n$ by $n$, the subnetworks are cycles and the communication scheme is all-to-all or total exchange (where all pairs of vertices communicate). We will represent the communication requests by a logical graph: a complete gr...

  13. Oscillations of radiation pressure supported tori near black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazur, Grzegorz P.; Zanotti, Olindo; Sądowski, Aleksander; Mishra, Bhupendra; Kluźniak, Wlodek

    2016-03-01

    We study the dynamics of radiation pressure supported tori around Schwarzschild black holes, focusing on their oscillatory response to an external perturbation. Using KORAL, a general relativistic radiation-hydrodynamics code capable of modelling all radiative regimes from the optically thick to the optically thin, we monitor a sample of models at different initial temperatures and opacities, evolving them in two spatial dimensions for ˜165 orbital periods. The dynamics of models with high opacity is very similar to that of purely hydrodynamics models, and it is characterized by regular oscillations which are visible also in the light curves. As the opacity is decreased, the tori quickly and violently migrate towards the gas-pressure dominated regime, collapsing towards the equatorial plane. When the spectra of the L2 norm of the mass density are considered, high-frequency inertial-acoustic modes of oscillations are detected (with the fundamental mode at a frequency 68 M_BH^{-1} Hz), in close analogy to the phenomenology of purely hydrodynamic models. An additional mode of oscillation, at a frequency 129 M_BH^{-1} Hz, is also found, which can be unambiguously attributed to the radiation. The spectra extracted from the light curves are typically noisier, indicating that in a real observation such modes may not be easily detected.

  14. Simulations of flux variability of oscillating accretion fluid tori around Kerr black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Bakala, Pavel; Šrámková, Eva; Kotrlová, Andrea; Török, Gabriel; Vincent, Frederic H; Abramowicz, Marek A

    2014-01-01

    High frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HF QPOs) are observed in the X-ray power-density spectra (PDS) of several microquasars and low mass X-ray binaries. Many proposed QPO models are based on oscillations of accretion toroidal fluid structures orbiting in the vicinity of a compact object. We study oscillating accretion tori orbiting in the vicinity of a Kerr black hole. We demonstrate that significant variation of the observed flux can be caused by the combination of radial and vertical oscillation modes of a slender, polytropic, perfect fluid, non-self-graviting torus with constant specific angular momentum. We investigate two combinations of the oscillating modes corresponding to the direct resonance QPO model and the modified relativistic precession QPO model.

  15. A KAM theorem without action-angle variables for elliptic lower dimensional tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study elliptic lower dimensional invariant tori of Hamiltonian systems via parametrizations. The method is based on solving iteratively the functional equations that stand for invariance and reducibility. In contrast with classical methods, we do not assume that the system is close to an integrable one nor that it is written in action-angle variables. We only require an approximation of an invariant torus with a fixed vector of basic frequencies and a basis along the torus that approximately reduces the normal variational equations to constant coefficients. We want to highlight that this approach presents many advantages compared with methods which are built in terms of canonical transformations, e.g., it produces simpler and more constructive proofs that lead to more efficient numerical algorithms for the computation of these objects. Such numerical algorithms are suitable to be adapted in order to perform computer assisted proofs

  16. Greene’s residue criterion for the breakup of invariant tori of volume-preserving maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Adam M.; Meiss, James D.

    2013-01-01

    Invariant tori play a fundamental role in the dynamics of symplectic and volume-preserving maps. Codimension-one tori are particularly important as they form barriers to transport. Such tori foliate the phase space of integrable, volume-preserving maps with one action and d angles. For the area-preserving case, Greene’s residue criterion is often used to predict the destruction of tori from the properties of nearby periodic orbits. Even though KAM theory applies to the three-dimensional case, the robustness of tori in such systems is still poorly understood. We study a three-dimensional, reversible, volume-preserving analogue of Chirikov’s standard map with one action and two angles. We investigate the preservation and destruction of tori under perturbation by computing the “residue” of nearby periodic orbits. We find tori with Diophantine rotation vectors in the “spiral mean” cubic algebraic field. The residue is used to generate the critical function of the map and find a candidate for the most robust torus.

  17. REGIMUL JURIDIC AL BILETULUI DE CĂLĂTORIE ELECTRONIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitriţa BAEŞU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available În articol sunt scoase în relief principalele repere conceptuale ce se ataşează problematicii cu privire la coraportul biletului de călătorie electronic în transportul auto de călători şi bagaje şi în transportul aerian. Este fundamentată teza, potrivit căreia sistemul de taxare electronic în cadrul prestării serviciilor de transport este deosebit de important şi nece­sar în contextul racordării legislaţiei naţionale la cerinţele Uniunii Europene. De asemenea, se menţionează că reforma în cazul respectiv este oportună şi inevitabilă, deoarece una dintre condiţiile cerute de Uniunea Europeană pentru integrarea Republicii Moldova în acest sistem constă în armonizarea legislaţiei privind transportul la standardele europene. Nu în ultimul rând, este formulată concluzia, potrivit căreia achiziţionarea biletelor de călătorie electronice a devenit mult mai comodă, economă şi accesibilă.                                                                                   LEGAL REGIME OF THE ELECTRONIC TRAVEL TICKET                                               In the article are pointed out major conceptual aspects that are a added to issues on the ticket correlation of road transport of passengers electronic ticket and luggage in air transport. It is fundamental thesis that the electronic toll system in transport services is particularly important and necessary in the context of adjusting the national legislation to the European Union standards. Also in this case, is mentioned that reform is appropriate and inevitable, because one of the conditions required by the EU for Moldova's integration into the system is to harmonize transport legislation with European standards. Finally, as conclusion, electronic travel ticket purchasing has become more convenient, cheap and affordable. 

  18. A vast amount of various invariant tori in the Nosé-Hoover oscillator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Lei [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Department of Mathematics and Physics, Hefei University, Hefei 230601 (China); Yang, Xiao-Song, E-mail: yangxs@hust.edu.cn [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2015-12-15

    This letter restudies the Nosé-Hoover oscillator. Some new averagely conservative regions are found, each of which is filled with different sequences of nested tori with various knot types. Especially, the dynamical behaviors near the border of “chaotic region” and conservative regions are studied showing that there exist more complicated and thinner invariant tori around the boundaries of conservative regions bounded by tori. Our results suggest an infinite number of island chains in a “chaotic sea” for the Nosé-Hoover oscillator.

  19. Flux-force relation for non-axisymmetric tori in general flux coordinates and neoclassical toroidal plasma viscosity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flux-force relation, a fundamental relation that relates transport fluxes to forces, for non-axisymmetric tori in general magnetic flux coordinates that are not Hamada coordinates, is derived. The derivation is based on kinetic theory instead of fluid theory. It is shown that pressure force also contributes to the relation in non-Hamada coordinates in general to make the relation compatible with kinetic theory and to make it coordinates invariant. The results are applied to the theory for the neoclassical toroidal viscosity in tokamaks that have error fields or resistive magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes.

  20. Nonsymmetric systems arising in the computation of invariant tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trummer, M.R. [Simons Fraser Univ., Burnaby, British Columbia (Canada)

    1996-12-31

    We introduce two new spectral implementations for computing invariant tori. The underlying nonlinear partial differential equation although hyperbolic by nature, has periodic boundary conditions in both space and time. In our first approach we discretize the spatial variable, and find the solution via a shooting method. In our second approach, a full two-dimensional Fourier spectral discretization and Newton`s method lead to very large, sparse, nonsymmetric systems. These matrices are highly structured, but the sparsity pattern prohibits the use of direct solvers. A modified conjugate gradient type iterative solver appears to perform best for this type of problems. The two methods are applied to the van der Pol oscillator, and compared to previous algorithms. Several preconditioners are investigated.

  1. Constructive spherical codes on layers of flat tori

    CERN Document Server

    Torezzan, Cristiano; Vaishampayan, Vinay A

    2012-01-01

    A new class of spherical codes is constructed by selecting a finite subset of flat tori from a foliation of the unit sphere S^{2L-1} of R^{2L} and designing a structured codebook on each torus layer. The resulting spherical code can be the image of a lattice restricted to a specific hyperbox in R^L in each layer. Group structure and homogeneity, useful for efficient storage and decoding, are inherited from the underlying lattice codebook. A systematic method for constructing such codes are presented and, as an example, the Leech lattice is used to construct a spherical code in R^{48}. Upper and lower bounds on the performance, the asymptotic packing density and a method for decoding are derived.

  2. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking on magnetized tori and orbifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, Hiroyuki; Sumita, Keigo

    2016-01-01

    We construct several dynamical supersymmetry breaking (DSB) models within a single ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory, compactified on magnetized tori with or without orbifolding. We study the case that the supersymmetry breaking is triggered by a strong dynamics of $SU(N_C)$ SYM theory with $N_F$ flavors contained in the four-dimensional effective theory. We show several configurations of magnetic fluxes and orbifolds, those potentially yield, below the compactification scale, the field contents and couplings required for triggering DSB. We especially find a class of self-complete DSB models on orbifolds, where all the extra fields are eliminated by the orbifold projection and DSB successfully occurs within the given framework. Comments on some perspectives for associating the obtained DSB models with the other sectors, such as the visible sector and another hidden sector for, e.g., stabilizing moduli, are also given.

  3. The existence of periodic orbits and invariant tori for some 3-dimensional quadratic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yanan; Han, Maoan; Xiao, Dongmei

    2014-01-01

    We use the normal form theory, averaging method, and integral manifold theorem to study the existence of limit cycles in Lotka-Volterra systems and the existence of invariant tori in quadratic systems in ℝ(3). PMID:24982980

  4. Lax representation for two-particle dynamics splitting on two tori

    CERN Document Server

    Enolskii, V Z; Enolskii, Victor; Salerno, Mario

    1996-01-01

    Lax representation in terms of 2\\times 2 matrices is constructed for a separable multiply--periodic system splitting on two tori. Hyperelliptic Kleinian functions and their reduction to elliptic functions are used.

  5. Tinker, Tory, Wobbler, why? The political economy of electricity restructuring in Ontario, 1995--2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Charles Francis James

    The Ontario Tories' 42-year hegemony in government (1943-1985) was wrought through clever policies which often utilized Crown institutions to promote prosperity or to oblige or mollify vying interests. Ousted in 1985, though, they used their time in opposition to revise the Tory doctrine. In the 1995 election, the Tories emerged a tougher, more truculent group quite unlike their predecessors. Campaigning on their Common Sense Revolution (CSR) platform, they promised to eliminate red tape and vowed to obliterate all ostensible economic barriers which were impeding commerce in the province. In the CSR, the Tories identified Ontario Hydro (OH), the province's lauded publicly-owned power monopoly, as a troublesome and inefficient Crown entity which required fundamental reform. Portions of OH, they hinted, would likely be sold. Once elected, the Tories worked hurriedly to demolish OH and destroy public power in Ontario. For nearly 100 years, OH proved a pivotal component within the province's political economy for its provision of affordable, reliable power and its function as a policy tool to incite and direct development. A Tory government fought to instigate public power in the early 1900s and, in the late 1900s, a Tory government was fighting vigorously to rescind it. Why would they now renounce Crown power? It is the intent of this thesis to elucidate the Tory government's involvement in the transformation of Ontario's electricity industry from 1995 to 2003. Distinguishing electricity as a special, strategic staple, this thesis uses a pro-state, pro-staples industry political economy approach to discern how and why the Tory government sought to restructure the electricity sector. Essentially, it posits that the onslaught of neoliberalism, the emergence of novel generating technology, and the faltering of OH's nuclear wing all had a huge part to play in provoking the Tory government to initiate its reforms. Their reforms, though, proved too hasty, haughty, and

  6. MHD phenomena and transport of energetic ions in spherical tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments on Spherical Tori (ST) show that plasma MHD activity may strongly deteriorate the confinement of energetic ions. Therefore, a study of the interplay of MHD modes and energetic ions is of large practical importance. Such a study is carried out in this work, where both the influence of the energetic ions on plasma MHD activity and the MHD-induced transport of energetic ions are considered. In particular, it is shown that in STs, in contrast to conventional tokamaks, the presence of trapped energetic ions may have a destabilizing influence on the ideal kink instability and the collisionless tearing instability. On the other hand, it is found the transport of energetic ions caused by reconnection events (sawtooth oscillations, internal reconnection events and non-ideal fishbones) has a number of peculiarities in STs. Specific calculations of the change of the neutron flux caused by the particle redistribution by reconnection events and of the loss fraction of the energetic ions are carried out for the Neutral Beam Injected (NBI) ions in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). Results of the calculations are compared with experimental observations. (author)

  7. AGN Dusty Tori: II. Observational Implications of Clumpiness

    CERN Document Server

    Nenkova, Maia; Nikutta, Robert; Ivezic, Zeljko; Elitzur, Moshe

    2008-01-01

    From extensive radiative transfer calculations we find that clumpy torus models with \\No \\about 5--15 dusty clouds along radial equatorial rays successfully explain AGN infrared observations. The dust has standard Galactic composition, with individual cloud optical depth \\tV \\about 30--100 at visual. The models naturally explain the observed behavior of the 10\\mic silicate feature, in particular the lack of deep absorption features in AGN of any type. The weak 10\\mic emission feature tentatively detected in type 2 QSO can be reproduced if in these sources \\No drops to \\about 2 or \\tV exceeds \\about 100. The clouds angular distribution must have a soft-edge, e.g., Gaussian profile, the radial distribution should decrease as $1/r$ or $1/r^2$. Compact tori can explain all observations, in agreement with the recent interferometric evidence that the ratio of the torus outer to inner radius is perhaps as small as \\about 5--10. Clumpy torus models can produce nearly isotropic IR emission together with highly anisotr...

  8. The prevalence of tori amongst constant mean curvature planes in R3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carberry, Emma; Schmidt, Martin Ulrich

    2016-08-01

    Constant mean curvature (CMC) tori in Euclidean 3-space are described by an algebraic curve, called the spectral curve, together with a line bundle on this curve and a point on S1, called the Sym point. For a given spectral curve the possible choices of line bundle and Sym point are easily described. The space of spectral curves of tori is totally disconnected. Hence to characterise the "moduli space" of CMC tori one should, for each genus g, determine the closure Pg bar of spectral curves of CMC tori within the spectral curves of CMC planes having spectral genus g. We identify a real subvariety Rg and a subset Sg ⊆Rg such that Rmaxg ⊆Pg bar ⊆Sg, where Rmaxg denotes the points of Rg having maximal dimension. The lowest spectral genus for which tori exist is g = 2 and in this case R2 = Rmax2 =P2 bar =S2. For g > 2, we conjecture that Rg ⊋ Rmaxg =Sg. We give a number of alternative characterisations of Rmaxg and in particular introduce a new integer invariant of a CMC plane of finite type, called its winding number.

  9. Efficient Indirect All-to-All Personalized Communication on Rings and 2-D Tori

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Naijie

    2001-01-01

    All-to-All personalized communication is a basic communication operation in a parallel computing environment. There are a lot of results appearing in literature. All these communication algorithms can be divided into two kinds: direct communication algorithm and indirect communication algorithm. The optimal direct all-to-all communication algorithm on rings and 2-D tori does exist. But, for indirect all-to-all communication algorithms, there is a gap between the time complexity of the already existing algorithm and the lower bound. In this paper an efficient indirect algorithm for all-to-all communication on rings and 2-D square tori with bidirection channels is presented. The algorithms is faster than any previous indirect algorithms. The main items of the time complexity of the algorithm is p2/8 and pa/2/8 on rings and 2-D tori respectively, both reaching the theoretical lower bound, where p is the number of processors.

  10. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. I. Choice of tori and initial conditions for two-dimensional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakrzewski, J.; Saini, S.; Taylor, H.S.

    1988-10-15

    A general theoretical base and a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method are presented for two-dimensional systems. The method proposed does not depend on specialized coordinates, trajectory, or surfaces-of-section studies and is generalizable to multidimensional systems. The choice of the initial tori for the switching procedure is accomplished by simple diagonalizations of small-dimensional matrix representations of invariant operators obtained from perturbation theory. The method gives quantum energies at a useful level of accuracy for the vast majority of states in many of the well-known nonresonant and resonant Hamiltonian cases. Many eigenvalues previously thought unobtainable when the adiabatic-switching method is used are obtained in a quite simple manner.

  11. Clumpy tori around type II active galactic nuclei as revealed by X-ray fluorescent lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiren; Liu, Yuan; Li, Xiaobo; Xu, Weiwei; Gou, Lijun; Cheng, Cheng

    2016-06-01

    The reflection spectrum of a torus around an active galactic nucleus (AGN) is characterized by X-ray fluorescent lines, which are most prominent for type II AGNs. A clumpy torus allows photons reflected from the back-side of the torus to leak through the front regions that are free of obscuration. The observed X-ray fluorescent lines are therefore sensitive to the clumpiness of the torus. We analysed a sample of type II AGNs observed with the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS), and measured the fluxes for the Si Kα and Fe Kα lines. The measured Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios, spanning a range between 5 and 60, are far smaller than the ratios predicted from simulations of smooth tori, indicating that the tori of the studied sources have clumpy distributions rather than smooth ones. We compared the measured Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios with simulation results of clumpy tori. The Circinus galaxy has a Fe Kα/Si Kα ratio of ˜60, which is close to the simulation results for N = 5, where N is the average number of clumps along the line of sight. The Fe Kα/Si Kα ratios of the other sources are all below the simulation results for N = 2. Overall, this shows that the non-Fe fluorescent lines in the soft X-ray band are a potentially powerful probe of the clumpiness of tori around AGNs.

  12. Isolation of an insulin-like growth factor II cDNA with a unique 5' untranslated region from human placenta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) cDNA from a placental library was isolated and sequenced. The 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) sequence of this cDNA differs completely from that of adult human liver and has considerable base sequence identity to the same region of an IGF-II cDNA of a rat liver cell line, BRL-3A. Human placental poly(A)+ RNA was probed with either the 5'-UTR of the isolated human placental IGF-II cDNA or the 5'-UTR of the IGF-II cDNA obtained from adult human liver. No transcripts were detected by using the 5'-UTR of the adult liver IGF-II as the probe. In contrast, three transcripts of 6.0, 3.2, and 2.2 kilobases were detected by using the 5'-UTR of the placental IGF-II cDNA as the probe or the probe from the coding sequence. A fourth IGF-II transcript of 4.9 kilobases presumably containing a 5'-UTR consisting of a base sequence dissimilar to that of either IGF-II 5'-UTR was apparent. Therefore, IGF-II transcripts detected may be products of alternative splicing as their 5'-UTR sequence is contained within the human IGF-II gene or they may be a consequence of alternative promoter utilization in placenta

  13. WHISTBT: a 1-1/2-D radial-transport code for bumpy tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The computer code WHISTBT has been developed from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory WHIST code to study radial transport in bumpy tori. The code can handle both positive and negative ad hoc electric fields for devices ranging from the size of ELMO Bumpy Torus-Scale (EBT-S) to a reactor-type device, EBT-R. Fueling can be by gas puffing or pellets; heating can be by injection of rf power or neutral beams

  14. On Invariant Tori of Nearly Integrable Hamiltonian Systems with Quasiperiodic Perturbation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Rong

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We are concerned with the persistence of frequency of invariant tori for analytic integrable Hamiltonian system with quasiperiodic perturbation. It is proved that if the unperturbed system satisfies the Rüssmann's nondegeneracy condition and has nonzero Brouwer's topological degree at some Diophantine frequency; the perturbed system satisfies the colinked nonresonant condition, then the invariant torus with this frequency persists under quasiperiodic perturbation.

  15. Equilibria of charged dust tori in a dipole magnetic field: hydrodynamic approach

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slaný, P.; Kovář, J.; Stuchlík, Z.; Karas, Vladimír

    Opava : Silesian University, 2014 - (Stuchlík, Z.), s. 221-227 ISBN 9788075101266. ISSN 2336-5668. - (Publications of the Institute of Physics. 7). [RAGtime /14.-16./. Opava (CZ), 18.09.2012-22.09.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-37086G Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : dust tori * electric charge * magnetic field Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  16. Charged perfect fluid tori in strong central gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovář, Jiří; Slaný, Petr; Cremaschini, Claudio; Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Karas, Vladimír; Trova, Audrey

    2016-06-01

    We study electrically charged perfect fluid toroidal structures encircling a spherically symmetric gravitating object with Schwarzschild spacetime geometry and endowed with a dipole magnetic field. The work represents a direct continuation of our previous general-relativistic studies of electrically charged fluid in the approximation of zero conductivity, which formed tori around a Reissner-Nordström black hole or a Schwarzschild black hole equipped with a test electric charge and immersed in an asymptotically uniform magnetic field. After a general introduction of the zero-conductivity charged fluid model, we discuss a variety of possible topologies of the toroidal fluid configurations. Along with the charged equatorial tori forming interesting coupled configurations, we demonstrate the existence of the off-equatorial tori, for which the dipole type of magnetic field seems to be necessary. We focus on orbiting structures with constant specific angular momentum and on those in permanent rigid rotation. We stress that the general analytical treatment developed in our previous works is enriched here by the integrated form of the pressure equations. To put our work into an astrophysical context, we identify the central object with an idealization of a nonrotating magnetic neutron star. Constraining ranges of its parameters and also parameters of the circling fluid, we discuss a possible relevance of the studied toroidal structures, presenting along with their topology also pressure, density, temperature and charge profiles.

  17. Long-Term Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems (II&C) Modernization Future Vision and Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenneth Thomas

    2012-02-01

    Life extension beyond 60 years for the U.S operating nuclear fleet requires that instrumentation and control (I&C) systems be upgraded to address aging and reliability concerns. It is impractical for the legacy systems based on 1970's vintage technology operate over this extended time period. Indeed, utilities have successfully engaged in such replacements when dictated by these operational concerns. However, the replacements have been approached in a like-for-like manner, meaning that they do not take advantage of the inherent capabilities of digital technology to improve business functions. And so, the improvement in I&C system performance has not translated to bottom-line performance improvement for the fleet. Therefore, wide-scale modernization of the legacy I&C systems could prove to be cost-prohibitive unless the technology is implemented in a manner to enable significant business innovation as a means of off-setting the cost of upgrades. A Future Vision of a transformed nuclear plant operating model based on an integrated digital environment has been developed as part of the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) research pathway, under the Light Water Reactor (LWR) Sustainability Program. This is a research and development program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with the nuclear utility industry, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. DOE's program focus is on longer-term and higher-risk/reward research that contributes to the national policy objectives of energy security and environmental security . The Advanced II&C research pathway is being conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The Future Vision is based on a digital architecture that encompasses all aspects of plant operations and support, integrating plant systems, plant work processes, and plant workers in a

  18. Long-Term Instrumentation, Information, and Control Systems (II&C) Modernization Future Vision and Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenneth Thomas; Bruce Hallbert

    2013-02-01

    Life extension beyond 60 years for the U.S operating nuclear fleet requires that instrumentation and control (I&C) systems be upgraded to address aging and reliability concerns. It is impractical for the legacy systems based on 1970’s vintage technology operate over this extended time period. Indeed, utilities have successfully engaged in such replacements when dictated by these operational concerns. However, the replacements have been approached in a like-for-like manner, meaning that they do not take advantage of the inherent capabilities of digital technology to improve business functions. And so, the improvement in I&C system performance has not translated to bottom-line performance improvement for the fleet. Therefore, wide-scale modernization of the legacy I&C systems could prove to be cost-prohibitive unless the technology is implemented in a manner to enable significant business innovation as a means of off-setting the cost of upgrades. A Future Vision of a transformed nuclear plant operating model based on an integrated digital environment has been developed as part of the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control (II&C) research pathway, under the Light Water Reactor (LWR) Sustainability Program. This is a research and development program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with the nuclear utility industry, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. DOE’s program focus is on longer-term and higher-risk/reward research that contributes to the national policy objectives of energy security and environmental security . The Advanced II&C research pathway is being conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The Future Vision is based on a digital architecture that encompasses all aspects of plant operations and support, integrating plant systems, plant work processes, and plant workers in a

  19. Doubly twisted Neimark-Sacker bifurcation and two coexisting two-dimensional tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekikawa, Munehisa; Inaba, Naohiko

    2016-01-01

    We discuss a complicated bifurcation structure involving several quasiperiodic bifurcations generated in a three-coupled delayed logistic map where a doubly twisted Neimark-Sacker bifurcation causes a transition from two coexisting periodic attractors to two coexisting invariant closed circles (ICCs) corresponding to two two-dimensional tori in a vector field. Such bifurcation structures are observed in Arnol'd tongues. Lyapunov and bifurcation analyses suggest that the two coexisting ICCs and the two coexisting periodic solutions almost overlap in the two-parameter bifurcation diagram.

  20. Tori Amos 《American Doll Posse》闪亮出炉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karen

    2007-01-01

    最近,Tori Amos的新专辑《American Doll Posse》问世。虽然她去年发行了精选集,但这张专辑是2005年《the Beekeeper》以来的首张录音室作品。专辑发行的同时,Amos将踏上世界巡演的路程,5月28日的巡演第一站设在罗马。

  1. The outside of the Teichmuller space of punctured tori in Maskit's embedding

    OpenAIRE

    Parkkonen, Jouni

    1996-01-01

    We consider the following question: Which parameters in the extension of a rational pleating ray across the boundary of $\\Cal M$, the Maskit embedding of the Teichm\\"uller space of once punctured tori correspond to a Kleinian group? Using methods of Keen and Series and Wright we prove a local result, stating that on each rational ray there is a sequence of parameters in $\\overline\\Bbb H\\setminus\\Cal M$ accumulating at the boundary point of $\\Cal M$ on the ray. These are the unique parameters ...

  2. Twisted tori and fluxes: A no go theorem for Lie groups of weak G2 holonomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we prove the theorem that there exists no 7-dimensional Lie group manifold G of weak G2 holonomy. We actually prove a stronger statement, namely that there exists no 7-dimensional Lie group with positive definite Ricci tensor RicIJ. This result rules out (supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric) Freund-Rubin solutions of M-theory of the form AdS4xG and compactifications with non-trivial 4-form fluxes of Englert type on an internal group manifold G. A particular class of such backgrounds which, by our arguments are excluded as bulk supergravity compactifications corresponds to the so-called compactifications on twisted tori, for which G has structure constants τKIJ with vanishing trace τJIJ=0. On the other hand our result does not have bearing on warped compactifications of M-theory to four dimensions and/or to compactifications in the presence of localized sources (D-branes, orientifold planes and so forth). Henceforth our result singles out the latter compactifications as the preferred hunting grounds that need to be more systematically explored in relation with all compactification features involving twisted tori

  3. AGN dust tori: the X-ray-infrared connection

    CERN Document Server

    Rowan-Robinson, Michael; Nandra, Kirpal

    2009-01-01

    We have combined the CLASX Chandra survey in Lockman with the Spitzer SWIRE survey data to study the X-ray-infrared connection for AGN. The sample consists of 401 X-ray-sources, of which 306 are detected by Spitzer, and a further 257 AGN candidates detected through their dust torus, but not by Chandra. For X-ray sources the X-ray hardness ratio has been modelled in terms of a power-law with absorption N(H). The optical and infrared data have been modelled in terms of our well-established optical galaxy and QSO templates, and infrared templates based on radiative transfer models. Our estimate of the N(H) distribution is consistent with other studies, but we do find a higher proportion of low absorption objects at z 0.5. While we find only one X-ray AGN with N(H) > 10^{24} cm^{-2}, we argue that 10 objects with torus luminosity apparently exceeding the bolometric X-ray to 3 \\mu m luminosity are strong candidates for being heavily absorbed in X-rays. We also estimate that at least half of the infrared-detected ...

  4. A numerical method for computing initial conditions of Lagrangian invariant tori using the frequency map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luque, Alejandro; Villanueva, Jordi

    2016-06-01

    We present a numerical method for computing initial conditions of Lagrangian quasi-periodic invariant tori of Hamiltonian systems and symplectic maps. Such initial conditions are found by solving, using the Newton method, a nonlinear system obtained by imposing suitable conditions on the frequency map. The basic tool is a newly developed methodology to perform the frequency analysis of a discrete quasi-periodic signal, allowing to compute frequencies and their derivatives with respect to parameters. Roughly speaking, this method consists in computing suitable weighted averages of the iterates of the signal and using the Richardson extrapolation method. The proposed approach performs with high accuracy at a moderate computational cost. We illustrate the method by considering a discrete FPU model and the vicinity of the point L4 in a RTBP.

  5. Stationary Axisymmetric Configuration of the Resistive Thick Accretion Tori around a Schwarzschild Black Hole

    CERN Document Server

    Shaghaghian, M

    2016-01-01

    We examine a thick accretion disc in the presence of external gravity and intrinsic dipolar magnetic field due to a non-rotating central object. In this paper, we generalize the Newtonian theory of stationary axisymmetric resistive tori of Tripathy, Prasanna $\\&$ Das (1990) by including the fully general relativistic features. If we are to obtain the steady state configuration, we have to take into account the finite resistivity for the magnetofluid in order to avoid the piling up of the field lines anywhere in the accretion discs. The efficient value of conductivity must be much smaller than the classical conductivity to be astrophysically interesting. The accreting plasma in the presence of an external dipole magnetic field gives rise to a current in the azimuthal direction. The azimuthal current produced due to the motion of the magnetofluid modifies the magnetic field structure inside the disc and generates a poloidal magnetic field for the disc. The solutions we have found show that the radial inflow...

  6. Deformations on tilted tori and moduli stabilisation at the orbifold point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaszczyk, Michael; Honecker, Gabriele; Koltermann, Isabel

    2015-11-01

    We discuss deformations of orbifold singularities on tilted tori in the context of Type IIA orientifold model building with D6-branes on special Lagrangian cycles. Starting from {T}^6/({{Z}}_2× {{Z}}_2) , we mod out an additional {{Z}}_3 symmetry to describe phenomenologically appealing backgrounds and reduce to {{Z}}_3 and Ω R invariant orbits of deformations. While D6-branes carrying SO(2 N) or USp(2 N) gauge groups do not constrain deformations, D6-branes with U( N) gauge groups develop non-vanishing D-terms if they couple to previously singular, now deformed cycles. We present examples for both types of D6-branes, and in a three-generation Pati-Salam model on {T}^6/({{Z}}_2× {{Z}}_6^') we find that ten out of 15 twisted complex structure moduli are indeed stabilised at the orbifold point by the existence of the brane stacks.

  7. Rahvapärane viiulimäng 20.sajandi esimesel poolel Tori ja Vändra viiuldajate näitel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krista Sildoja

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article gives an overview of the most well-known village fiddlers in Tori and Vändra parish, their repertoire, playing style and status as dance music players in the first half of the 20th century. This is one of the first efforts to try and describe Estonian traditional instrumental music from the inside so to say. First, the author learned to play the Estonian type of waltzes and polkas gathered from the local village musicians in her neighbourhood and used traditional method of learning by ear. Contact with the old fiddlers has been created artificially using the help of archive recordings datingback to the years 1936 and 1937. Following the personal experience of playing old fiddle tunes the author started transcribing and examining the tunes systematically.At that time both solo and duo performances were recorded from Tori and Vändra fiddlers. Those recordings compile the research material for the present article and on the basis of the recordings it is possible to describe how the fiddlers played back then. Transcriptions give an insight to the approach to form of the music and playing technique used in the fiddle tunes. Briefly, the body of those characteristics can be called the manner of playing the description of which introduces the musical thinking of village fiddlers and the overall characteristics of the performed music.What can be said to describe the traditional manner of playing based on the example of Tori and Vändra parish fiddlers? The districts of Tori and Vändra in the first half of the 20th century can be characterised by playing in fiddle duos. Compared to what was going on in Estonia of that time generally, it is not unique, because there were alsofiddle duos elsewhere. What is special about Tori and Vändra duos is how they wereplayed in. When playing in duos fiddlers used two different ways of playing. The first ofthem, one of the most characterising ones, is imitating bagpipe with fiddle, which wasonly used by

  8. Neoclassical plasma viscosity and transport processes in non-axisymmetric tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaing, K. C.; Ida, K.; Sabbagh, S. A.

    2015-11-01

    Neoclassical transport processes are important to the understanding of plasma confinement physics in doubly periodic magnetized toroidal plasmas, especially, after the impact of the momentum confinement on the particle and energy confinement is recognized. Real doubly periodic tori in general are non-axisymmetric, with symmetric tori as a special case. An eight-moment approach to transport theory with plasma density N, plasma pressure p, mass flow velocity V and heat flow q as independent variables is adopted. Transport processes are dictated by the solutions of the momentum and heat flux balance equations. For toroidal plasma confinement devices, the first order (in the gyro-radius ordering) plasma flows are on the magnetic surface to guarantee good plasma confinement and are thus two-dimensional. Two linearly independent components of the momentum equation are required to determine the flows completely. Once this two-dimensional flow is relaxed, i.e. the momentum equation reaches a steady state, plasmas become ambipolar, and all the transport fluxes are determined through the flux-force relation. The flux-force relation is derived both from the kinetic definitions for the transport fluxes and from the manipulation of the momentum and heat flux balance equations to illustrate the nature of the transport fluxes by examining their corresponding driven forces and their roles in the momentum and heat flux balance equations. Steady-state plasma flows are determined by the components of the stress and heat stress tensors in the momentum and heat flux balance equations. This approach emphasizes the pivotal role of the momentum equation in the transport processes and is particularly useful in modelling plasma flows in experiments. The methodology for neoclassical transport theory is applied to fluctuation-driven transport fluxes in the quasilinear theory to unify these two theories. Experimental observations in tokamaks and stellarators for the physics discussed are

  9. DEZVOLTAREA PARTENERIATELOR DE SOLIDARITATE ASAT ÎN SPRIJINUL MICILOR PRODUCĂTORI LOCALI: MIZE ŞI PREMIZE

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Veţan; Sergiu Florean

    2012-01-01

    Parteneriatele de solidaritate ASAT sunt dezvoltate în România începând cu anul 2008, în vederea susţinerii micilor producători agricoli care cultivă natural. Dezvoltarea acestora este susţinută la nivel naţional de Asociaţia Centrul de Resurse pentru Iniţiative Eticeși Solidare (CRIES). Mecanismul este unul bazat pe construirea unui relaţii de încredere între producători locali şi consumatori urbani. Astfel,se formează la nivel comunitar grupuri de consumatori care doresc să achiziţioneze pr...

  10. Advanced Instrumentation, Information and Control (II&C) Research and Development Facility Buildout and Project Execution of LWRS II&C Pilot Projects 1 and 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronald Farris; Johanna Oxstrand; Gregory Weatherby

    2011-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring research, development, and deployment on light water reactor sustainability (LWRS), in which the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is working closely with nuclear utilities to develop technologies and solutions to help ensure the safe operational life extension of current reactors. As technologies are introduced that change the operation of the plant, the LWRS pilot projects can help identify their best-advanced uses and help demonstrate the safety of these technologies. In early testing of operator performance given these emerging technologies will ensure the safety and usability of systems prior to large-scale deployment and costly verification and validation at the plant. The aim of these collaborations, demonstrations, and approaches are intended to lessen the inertia that sustains the current status quo of today's II&C systems technology, and to motivate transformational change and a shift in strategy to a long-term approach to II&C modernization that is more sustainable. Research being conducted under Pilot Project 1 regards understanding the conditions and behaviors that can be modified, either through process improvements and/or technology deployment, to improve the overall safety and efficiency of outage control at nuclear facilities. The key component of the research in this pilot project is accessing the delivery of information that will allow researchers to simulate the control room, outage control center (OCC) information, and plant status data. The simulation also allows researchers to identify areas of opportunity where plant operating status and outage activities can be analyzed to increase overall plant efficiency. For Pilot Project 3 the desire is to demonstrate the ability of technology deployment and the subsequent impact on maximizing the 'Collective Situational Awareness' of the various stakeholders in a commercial nuclear power plant. Specifically, the desire is to show positive

  11. "Don't you realize it's Just Her Disguise?" : Performances of femininity by Kim Gordon, Tori Amos and Gillian Welch

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Women who perform popular music are also performing gender. This is both because gender can be understood as performance and because musical conventions and styles carry with them assumptions about femininity and masculinity. This thesis concerns three female popular music artists; Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, Tori Amos and Gillian Welch, and their performances of femininity. As these artists have been presented as or have presented themselves as in some way "authentic", my readings of these ar...

  12. LWRS II&C Industry and Regulatory Engagement Activities for FY 11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ken Thomas

    2011-09-01

    To ensure broad industry support and coordination for the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Controls (II&C) Systems Technologies research pathway, an engagement process will be continually pursued with nuclear asset owners, vendors, and suppliers, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the major industry support organizations of Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO), and Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI). Nuclear asset owner engagement is a necessary and enabling activity to obtain data and accurate characterization of long-term operational challenges, assess the suitability of proposed research for addressing long-term needs, and gain access to data and representative infrastructure and expertise needed to ensure success of the proposed research and development (R&D) activities. Engagement with vendors and suppliers will ensure that vendor expectations and needs can be translated into requirements that can be met through technology commercialization.

  13. Development of Instruments onboard ASTRO-H for Future X-ray Studies of Tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noda, H.

    2015-09-01

    The next astronomical X-ray satellite ASTRO-H will be launched by Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency (JAXA) in this Japanese fiscal year. It allows us to combine a simultaneous coverage of the 0.4-600 keV band, and a high energy-resolution spectroscopy in the 0.3-12 keV band with an FWHM energy resolution of coating hard X-ray mirrors, and a non-focusing soft gamma-ray detector covers the 40-600 keV band. The high energy-resolution spectroscopy is realized by the X-ray micro-calorimeter array operated at 50 mK on a focal plane of the soft X-ray telescope. With the unprecedented performances, the ASTRO-H observations of active galactic nuclei are expected to give us important X-ray information about tori including their dynamics, size, ionization state and so on. In the present talk, we introduce the current status of developments of the instruments onboard ASTRO-H, especially focusing on the performance of the X-ray micro-calorimeter derived in the ongoing ground testing and calibration.

  14. Lie tori of type B_2 and graded-simple Jordan structures covered by a triangle

    CERN Document Server

    Neher, Erhard

    2011-01-01

    We classify two classes of B_2-graded Lie algebras which have a second compatible grading by an abelian group A: (a) graded-simple Lie algebras for A torsion-free and (b) division-A-graded Lie algebras. Our results describe the centreless cores of a class of affine reflection Lie algebras, hence apply in particular to the centreless cores of extended affine Lie algebras, the so-called Lie tori, for which we recover results of Allison-Gao and Faulkner. Our classification (b) extends a recent result of Benkart-Yoshii. Both classifications are consequences of a new description of Jordan algebras covered by a triangle, which correspond to these Lie algebras via the Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction. The Jordan algebra classifications follow from our results on graded-triangulated Jordan triple systems. They generalize work of McCrimmon and the first author as well as the Osborn-McCrimmon-Capacity-2-Theorem in the ungraded case.

  15. Properties of dusty tori in active galactic nuclei - II. Type 2 AGN

    CERN Document Server

    Hatziminaoglou, Evanthia; Jarrett, Tom

    2009-01-01

    (abridged) This paper is the second part of a work investigating the properties of dusty tori in AGN by means of multi-component SED fitting. It focuses on low luminosity, low redshift (z < 0.25) AGN selected among emission line galaxies as well as X-ray, radio and mid-infrared selected type 2 AGN samples from the literature. The available multi-band photometry covers the spectral range from the u-band up to 160 um. The observed SED of each object is fit to a set of multi-component models comprising a stellar component, a high optical depth torus and cold emission from a starburst (SB). The contribution of the various components (stars, torus, SB) is reflected in the position of the objects on the IRAC colour diagram. The comparison of type 1 (as derived from Hatziminaoglou et al. 2008) and type 2 AGN properties is broadly consistent with the Unified Scheme. The estimated ratio between type 2 and type 1 objects is about 2-2.5:1. The AGN accretion-to-infrared luminosity ratio is an indicator of the obscurat...

  16. Kardiostimulátory a zdroje rušení

    OpenAIRE

    Lojková, Lea

    2009-01-01

    Tématem této semestrální práce jsou kardiostimulátory a zdroje rušení. Projekt částečně navazuje na starší diplomovou práci na dané téma (Ing. Kulík, Ústav automatizace a měřicí techniky FEKT, VUT Brno) a z hlediska metodiky měření rozvíjí dané téma podobným směrem. Teoretická část práce stručně vysvětluje principy nukleární magnetické rezonance a magnetické tomografie, popisuje nejběžnější metody používané při magnetické tomografii, definuje kardiostimulátor, uvádí hlavní milníky v jeho vývo...

  17. Current Profile and Magnetic Structure Measurements through Tangential Soft X-Ray Imaging in Compact Tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the fabrication and tests of a tangentially imaging soft X-ray (SXR) camera diagnostic for fusion energy plasma research. It can be used for the determination of the current distribution in strongly shaped toroidal magnetically confined plasmas, such as those found in spherical tori or advanced tokamaks. It included the development of both an appropriate imaging SXR camera and image analysis techniques necessary to deduce the plasma shape and current distribution. The basic camera concept consists of a tangentially viewing pinhole imaging system with thin-film SXR filters, a scintillator screen to provide SXR to visible conversion, a fast shuttering system, and an sensitive visible camera imaging device. The analysis approach consists of integrating the 2-D SXR image data into a Grad-Shafranov toroidal equilibrium solver code to provide strong constraints on the deduced plasma current and pressure profiles. Acceptable sensitivity in the deduced current profile can be obtained if the relative noise in the measured image can be kept in the range of 1% or less. Tests on the Pegasus Toroidal Experiment indicate very flat safety factor profiles in the plasma interior

  18. Deformations on Tilted Tori and Moduli Stabilisation at the Orbifold Point

    CERN Document Server

    Blaszczyk, Michael; Koltermann, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    We discuss deformations of orbifold singularities on tilted tori in the context of Type IIA orientifold model building with D6-branes on special Lagrangian cycles. Starting from $T^6/(\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\times \\mathbb{Z}_2)$, we mod out an additional $\\mathbb{Z}_3$ symmetry to describe phenomenologically appealing backgrounds and reduce to $\\mathbb{Z}_3$ and $\\Omega\\mathcal{R}$ invariant orbits of deformations. While D6-branes carrying SO(2N) or USp(2N) gauge groups do not constrain deformations, D6-branes with U(N) gauge groups develop non-vanishing D-terms if they couple to previously singular, now deformed cycles. We present examples for both types of D6-branes, and in a three-generation Pati-Salam model on $T^6/(\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\times \\mathbb{Z}_6')$ we find that ten out of 15 twisted complex structure moduli are indeed stabilised at the orbifold point by the existence of the brane stacks.

  19. Mesh theory of angle modified dual tori double-enveloping toroidal worm drive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the meshing theory of the angle modified hourglass worm drive is enriched and developed. The ordinary condition of the angle modification is derived and the physical significance of the modification is interpreted. A normal section methodology is proposed for meshing analysis, which can be used to compute the normal distance near a singular meshing point of a conjugate surface couple. By means of the method and after analyzing the normal transversals, it is specified that the worm helicoid, the nominal former contact zone and the new contact zone intersect each other along the locus of singular points of the instantaneous contact lines of an angle-modified worm pair. As a result, it is explained clearly that those three osculate each other but the osculations are different in degree. Moreover, the mechanism of removing the twice-contacted zone from the worm gear tooth surface is clarified and the reason of shortening the worm working length is also elucidated. With the help of the theory described in the present paper and the thorough and systematic research on the relevant meshing characteristics, the angle modified dual tori double-enveloping toroidal worm drive has been shown to be an excellent new-fashioned hourglass worm set.

  20. Radiation-driven Outflows from and Radiative Support in Dusty Tori of Active Galactic Nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chi-Ho; Krolik, Julian H.

    2016-07-01

    Substantial evidence points to dusty, geometrically thick tori obscuring the central engines of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), but so far no mechanism satisfactorily explains why cool dust in the torus remains in a puffy geometry. Near-Eddington infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) luminosities coupled with high dust opacities at these frequencies suggest that radiation pressure on dust can play a significant role in shaping the torus. To explore the possible effects of radiation pressure, we perform three-dimensional radiative hydrodynamics simulations of an initially smooth torus. Our code solves the hydrodynamics equations, the time-dependent multi–angle group IR radiative transfer (RT) equation, and the time-independent UV RT equation. We find a highly dynamic situation. IR radiation is anisotropic, leaving primarily through the central hole. The torus inner surface exhibits a break in axisymmetry under the influence of radiation and differential rotation; clumping follows. In addition, UV radiation pressure on dust launches a strong wind along the inner surface; when scaled to realistic AGN parameters, this outflow travels at ˜ 5000 {(M/{10}7{M}ȯ )}1/4 {[{L}{UV}/(0.1{L}{{E}})]}1/4 {km} {{{s}}}-1 and carries ˜ 0.1 {(M/{10}7{M}ȯ )}3/4 {[{L}{UV}/(0.1{L}{{E}})]}3/4 M ⊙ yr‑1, where M, {L}{UV}, and {L}{{E}} are the mass, UV luminosity, and Eddington luminosity of the central object respectively.

  1. Toris K Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lens for the Optical Management of Keratoconus

    OpenAIRE

    1, Leyla YAVUZ; 2, İhsan YILMAZ; 1, Özlen Rodop ÖZGÜR; 1, Baran KANDEMİR; 1, Ümit CALLI; 1, Cemalettin CABI

    2013-01-01

    Amaç: Keratokonus hastalarının görsel rehabilitasyonunda Toris K silikon hidrojel lensinin etkinliğini değerlendirmek. Materyal ve Metot: Retrospektif çalışmaya 58 hastanın 100 gözü dahil edildi. Hastaların ortalama yaşı 27,04± 9,5 yaş idi ve 15 göz grade 1, 28 göz grade 2, 13 göz grade 3, 44 göz grade 4 keratokonus idi. Düzeltilmemiş en iyi görme keskinliği, gözlükle düzeltilmiş en iyi görme keskinliği, korneal topografik ölçümler ve pakimetrik değerler kayıt edildi. Ortalama korneal kırıcı...

  2. Toroidal orbifolds of Z3 and Z6 symmetries of noncommutative tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Sam

    2015-05-01

    The Hexic transform ρ of the noncommutative 2-torus Aθ is the canonical order 6 automorphism defined by ρ (U) = V, ρ (V) =e-πiθU-1 V, where U, V are the canonical unitary generators obeying the unitary Heisenberg commutation relation VU =e2πiθ UV . The Cubic transform is κ =ρ2. These are canonical analogues of the noncommutative Fourier transform, and their associated fixed point C*-algebras Aθρ, Aθκ are noncommutative Z6, Z3 toroidal orbifolds, respectively. For a large class of irrationals θ and rational approximations p / q of θ, a projection e of trace q2 θ - pq is constructed in Aθ that is invariant under the Hexic transform. Further, this projection is shown to be a matrix projection in the sense that it is approximately central, the cut down algebra eAθ e contains a Hexic invariant q × q matrix algebra M whose unit is e and such that the cut downs eUe, eVe are approximately inside M. It is also shown that these invariant matrix projections are covariant in that they arise from a continuous section E (t) of C∞-projections of the continuous field {At } 0 algebras such that ρ (E (t)) = E (t). It turns out that the projection E (t) is the support projection of a canonical C∞-positive element that has the appearance of a noncommutative 2-dimensional Theta function. The topological invariants (or 'quantum' numbers) of E (t), e, and related projections are computed by a new and quicker method than in previous works. (They would also give topological invariants for finitely generated projective modules over noncommutative orbifolds associated to Z6 and Z3 symmetries of noncommutative tori.) We remark that these results have some bearing on research work related to noncommutative orbifolds used in string theory.

  3. Stationary axisymmetric configuration of the resistive thick accretion tori around a Schwarzschild black hole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaghaghian, M.

    2016-02-01

    We examine a thick accretion disc in the presence of external gravity and intrinsic dipolar magnetic field due to a non-rotating central object. In this paper, we generalize the Newtonian theory of stationary axisymmetric resistive tori of Tripathy, Prasanna & Das by including the fully general relativistic features. If we are to obtain the steady state configuration, we have to take into account the finite resistivity for the magnetofluid in order to avoid the piling up of the field lines anywhere in the accretion discs. The efficient value of conductivity must be much smaller than the classical conductivity to be astrophysically interesting. The accreting plasma in the presence of an external dipole magnetic field gives rise to a current in the azimuthal direction. The azimuthal current produced due to the motion of the magnetofluid modifies the magnetic field structure inside the disc and generates a poloidal magnetic field for the disc. The solutions we have found show that the radial inflow, pressure and density distributions are strongly modified by the electrical conductivity both in relativistic and Newtonian regimes. However, the range of conductivity coefficient is different for both regimes, as well as that of the angular momentum parameter and the radius of the innermost stable circular orbit. Furthermore, it is shown that the azimuthal velocity of the disc which is not dependent on conductivity is sub-Keplerian in all radial distances for both regimes. Owing to the presence of pressure gradient and magnetic forces. This work may also be important for the general relativistic computational magnetohydrodynamics that suffers from the lack of exact analytic solutions that are needed to test computer codes.

  4. Raman spectra of Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}X{sub 4}{sup VI} magnetic quaternary semiconductor compounds with tetragonal stannite type structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincón, C., E-mail: crincon@ula.ve; Quintero, M.; Power, Ch.; Moreno, E.; Quintero, E.; Morocoima, M. [Centro de Estudios de Semiconductores, Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Henao, J. A.; Macías, M. A. [Grupo de Investigación en Química Estructural, Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela de Química, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Apartado Aéreo 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia)

    2015-05-28

    A comparative study of the Raman spectra of Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}S{sub 4}{sup VI} and Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}Se{sub 4}{sup VI}(where B = Mn or Fe) magnetic quaternary semiconductor compounds with stannite-type structure (I4{sup ¯}2m) has been done. Most of the fourteen Raman lines expected for these materials were observed in the spectra. The two strongest lines observed have been assigned to the IR inactive A{sub 1}{sup 1} and A{sub 1}{sup 2} stannite modes that originated from the motion of the S or Se anion around the Cu and C{sup IV} cations remaining at rest. The shift in the frequency of these two lines of about 150 cm{sup −1} to lower energies observed in Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}Se{sub 4}{sup VI} compounds as compared to those in Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}S{sub 4}{sup VI} ones, can then be explained as due to the anion mass effect. Based on the fact that values of these frequencies depend mainly on anion mass and bond-stretching forces between nearest-neighbor atoms, the vibrational frequencies v{sup ¯}(A{sub 1}{sup 2}) and v{sup ¯}(A{sub 1}{sup 2}) of both modes for several Cu{sub 2}B{sup II}C{sup IV}X{sub 4}{sup VI} stannite compounds (where X = S, Se, or Te) very close to the experimental data reported for these materials were calculated from a simple model that relates these stretching forces to the anion-cation bond-distances.

  5. Clinical Performance of Toris K Contact Lens in Patients with Moderate to Advanced Keratoconus: A Real Life Retrospective Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Ihsan; Ozcelik, Ferah; Basarir, Berna; Demir, Gokhan; Durusoy, Gonul; Taskapili, Muhittin

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. To evaluate the visual performance of Toris K soft contact lenses in patients with moderate-to-advanced keratoconus and also to compare the results according to cone types, cone location, and severity of keratoconus. Materials and Methods. Sixty eyes of 40 participants were included in this retrospective study. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-spectacle corrected visual acuity (BCVA), best-contact lens corrected visual acuity (BCLCVA), and comfort rating via visual analogue scales (VAS) were measured. Results. The mean age was 27.3 ± 8.6 years (range: 18 to 54). The mean logMAR UCVA, BCVA, and BCLCVA were 0.85 ± 0.38 (range: 0.30–1.30), 0.47 ± 0.27 (range: 0.10–1.30), and 0.16 ± 0.20 (range: 0–1.00). There were significant increases in visual acuities with contact lenses (p < .05). BCLCVA was significantly better in oval type than globus type (p = .022). UCVA and BCLCVA were significantly better in moderate keratoconus group (p = .015, p = .018). The mean line gain in Snellen was 3.6 ± 1.8 lines (range: 0–7 lines). The mean line gain was higher in central cone group than paracentral cone group and oval group than globus group (p = .014, p = .045). The mean VAS score was 8.14 ± 1.88 (range: 6–10). Conclusions. Toris K can improve visual acuity of patients with keratoconus. Toris K is successful even in the moderate and advanced form of the disease. PMID:27144012

  6. Electrically charged matter in permanent rotation around magnetized black hole: A toy model for self-gravitating fluid tori

    CERN Document Server

    Trova, A; Slany, P; Kovar, J

    2016-01-01

    We present an analytical approach for the equilibrium of a self-gravitating charged fluid embedded in a spherical gravitational and dipolar magnetic fields produced by a central mass. Our scheme is proposed, as a toy-model, in the context of gaseous/dusty tori surrounding supermassive black holes in galactic nuclei. While the central black hole dominates the gravitational field and it remains electrically neutral, the surrounding material has a non-negligible self-gravitational effect on the torus structure. By charging mechanisms it also acquires non-zero electric charge density, so the two influences need to be taken into account to achieve a self-consistent picture. With our approach we discuss the impact of self-gravity, represented by the term dt (ratio of the torus total mass to the mass of the central body), on the conditions for existence of the equilibrium and the morphology and typology of the tori. By comparison with a previous work without self-gravity, we show that the conditions can be different...

  7. DEZVOLTAREA PARTENERIATELOR DE SOLIDARITATE ASAT ÎN SPRIJINUL MICILOR PRODUCĂTORI LOCALI: MIZE ŞI PREMIZE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Veţan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Parteneriatele de solidaritate ASAT sunt dezvoltate în România începând cu anul 2008, în vederea susţinerii micilor producători agricoli care cultivă natural. Dezvoltarea acestora este susţinută la nivel naţional de Asociaţia Centrul de Resurse pentru Iniţiative Eticeși Solidare (CRIES. Mecanismul este unul bazat pe construirea unui relaţii de încredere între producători locali şi consumatori urbani. Astfel,se formează la nivel comunitar grupuri de consumatori care doresc să achiziţioneze produse realizate de mici agricultori, cu care încheie un contract pe perioada unui sezon agricol și cărora le plătesc un avans, în vederea susţinerii costurilor de producţie.

  8. Star Formation Black Hole Growth and Dusty Tori in the Most Luminous AGNs at z=2-3.5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netzer, Hagai; Lani, Caterina; Nordon, Raanan; Trakhtenbrot, Benny; Lira, Paulina; Shemmer, Ohad

    2016-03-01

    We report Herschel/SPIRE observations of 100 very luminous, optically selected active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at z=2{--}3.5 with {log} {L}{{1350}} (erg s-1) ≥ 46.5 , where {L}{{1350}} is λLλ at 1350 Å. The distribution in {L}{{1350}} is similar to the general distribution of Sloan Digital Sky Survey AGNs in this redshift and luminosity interval. We measured star-formation (SF) luminosity, {L}{{SF}}, and SF rate (SFR) in 34 detected sources by fitting combined SF and torus templates, where the torus emission is based on Wide Field Infrared Survey Explorer observations. We also obtained statistically significant stacks for the undetected sources in two luminosity groups. The sample properties are compared with those of very luminous AGNs at z\\gt 4.5. The main findings are: (1) The mean and the median SFRs of the detected sources are {1176}-339+476 and {1010}-503+706 M⊙ yr-1, respectively. The mean SFR of the undetected sources is 148 M⊙ yr-1. The ratio of SFR to the black hole accretion rate is ≈80 for the detected sources and less than 10 for the undetected sources. Unlike a sample of sources at z ≃ 4.8 that we studied recently, there is no difference in {L}{{AGN}} and only a very small difference in {L}{{torus}} between the detected and undetected sources. (2) The redshift distribution of {L}{{SF}} and {L}{{AGN}} for the most luminous, redshift 2-7 AGNs are different. Similar to previous studies, the highest {L}{{AGN}} are found at z ≈ 3. However, the {L}{{SF}} of such sources peaks at z ≈ 5. Assuming the objects in our sample are hosted by the most massive galaxies at those redshifts, we find that approximately 2/3 of the hosts are already below the main sequence of SF galaxies at z = 2-3.5. (3) The spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of dusty tori at high redshift are similar to the shapes found in low redshift, low luminosity AGNs. Herschel upper limits put strong constraints on the long wavelength shape of the SED, ruling out several earlier

  9. X-ray bumps, iron K-alpha lines, and X-ray suppression by obscuring tori in Seyfert galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krolik, Julian H.; Madau, Piero; Zycki, Piotr T.

    1994-01-01

    We investigate the X-ray spectral properties of unobscured type 1 and obscured type 2 Seyferts as predicted by the unified Seyfert scheme. We consider the reprocessing of X-ray photons by photoelectric absorption, iron fluorescence, and Compton downscattering in the obscuring tori surrounding these active nuclei, and compute by Monte Carlo methods the reprocessed spectra as a function of the viewing angle. Depending on the optical depth and shape of the torus, and on the viewing angle, the X-ray flux can be suppressed by substantial factors when our line of sight is obscured. We show that an immediate consequence of the existence of an obscuring thick torus is the production in the spectra of type 1 Seyfert galaxies of a bump in the continuum above 10-20 keV and an Fe K-alpha line with significant equivalent width. In those type 2 Seyferts for which the hard X-ray spectrum has been substantially suppressed, the equivalent width of the Fe K-alpha line in the transmitted spectrum can be very large.

  10. Isolation and characterization of cAMP-free and cAMP-bound forms of bovine heart type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bovine heart type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme (cAMP-PK) was purified to homogeneity as determined by denaturing SDS-PAGE. An HPLC-DEAE purification step resolved two distinct peaks of cAMP-dependent kinase activity, which were designated Peak 1 and Peak 2 based on their order of elution. They had the same Stoke's radii and had very similar sedimentation coefficients. As determined by densitometric scanning of SDS-PAGE brands, by their mobility on denaturing PAGE, and by the ratios of equilibrium [3H] cAMP binding to maximal kinase activity, the subunit stoichiometry of the two peaks was the same. In a cAMP assay it was found that Peak 1 holoenzyme was cAMP-free, but half of the Peak 2 holoenzyme cAMP binding sites contained cAMP. Dissociation assays indicated that the cAMP was equally distributed in binding Site 1 and Site 2 of Peak 2. Although SDS-PAGE analysis ruled out conversions by proteolysis or autophosphorylation-dephosphorylation, Peak 1 could be partially converted to Peak 2 by the addition of subsaturating amounts of cAMP, and Peak 2 could be partially converted to Peak 1 by aging. The interconvertibility of the two holoenzyme peaks strongly suggested that the difference between the two peaks was caused by the presence of cAMP in Peak 2

  11. Leidenfrost levitated liquid tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrard, Stéphane; Labousse, Matthieu; Fort, Emmanuel; Bush, John; Couder, Yves; Limat, Laurent

    2012-11-01

    A drop of water deposited on a surface hotter than 150°C can levitate without any contact with a solid container. Indeed the evaporation of the fluid generates a thin vapour film, which supports the drop's weight by lubrication forces (Leidenfrost effect). This effect was until now limited to droplets. We propose here an original substrate geometry, a circular brass through, that allows us to maintain in levitation any quantity of fluid. It could be a good tool to study wave propagation without solid boundary condition and thus very low friction. We report here one possible application, and our most striking observation : when the substrate temperature is high enough, convective motion appears in the liquid torus and its inner side becomes polygonal. This periodic deformation of large amplitude propagates along the azimuthal direction. The geometry, the flow and the shape appear very similar to the polygonal destabilization of an hydraulic jump. We propose here an experimental and theorical characterization of these rotating polygons having from three to twelve sides. Moreover, we have found a model describing the shape for any number of sides. It appears closely related to the Korteweg de Vries equation describing the propagation of solitonic waves in shallow water.

  12. Configuration spaces of tori

    OpenAIRE

    Feler, Yoel

    2006-01-01

    The configuration space C^n of unordered n-tuples of distinct points on a torus T^2 is a non-singular complex algebraic variety. We study holomorphic self-maps of C^n and prove that for n>4 any such map F either carries the whole of C^n into an orbit of the diagonal Aut(T^2) action in C^n or is of the form F(x)=T(x)x for some holomorphic map T:C^n-->Aut(T^2). We also prove that for n>4 any endomorphism of the torus braid group B_n(T^2) with a non-abelian image preserves the pure torus braid g...

  13. Towards a fully stringy computation of Yukawa couplings on non factorized tori and non abelian twist correlators (I): the classical solution and action

    CERN Document Server

    Pesando, Igor

    2015-01-01

    We consider the simplest possible setting of non abelian twist fields which corresponds to $SU(2)$ monodromies. We first review the theory of hypergeometric function and of the solutions of the most general Fuchsian second order equation with three singularities. Then we solve the problem of writing the general solution with prescribed $U(2)$ monodromies. We use this result to compute the classical string solution corresponding to three $D2$ branes in $R^4$. Despite the fact the configuration is supersymmetric the classical string solution is not holomorphic. Using the equation of motion and not the KLT approach we give a very simple expression for the classical action of the string. We find that the classical action is not proportional to the area of the triangle determined by the branes intersection points since the solution is not holomorphic. Phenomenologically this means that the Yukawa couplings for these supersymmetric configurations on non factorized tori are suppressed with respect to the factorized ...

  14. Towards a fully stringy computation of Yukawa couplings on non-factorized tori and non-abelian twist correlators (I): The classical solution and action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesando, Igor

    2016-09-01

    We consider the simplest possible setting of non-abelian twist fields which corresponds to SU (2) monodromies. We first review the theory of hypergeometric function and of the solutions of the most general Fuchsian second order equation with three singularities. Then we solve the problem of writing the general solution with prescribed U (2) monodromies. We use this result to compute the classical string solution corresponding to three D2 branes in R4. Despite the fact that the configuration is supersymmetric the classical string solution is not holomorphic. Using the equation of motion and not the KLT approach we give a very simple expression for the classical action of the string. We find that the classical action is not proportional to the area of the triangle determined by the branes intersection points since the solution is not holomorphic. Phenomenologically this means that the Yukawa couplings for these supersymmetric configurations on non-factorized tori are suppressed with respect to the factorized case.

  15. Extended calculations of OECD/NEA phase II-C burnup credit criticality benchmark problem for PWR spent fuel transport cask by using MCNP-4B2 code and JENDL-3.2 library

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reactivity effect of the asymmetry of axial burnup profile in burnup credit criticality safety is studied for a realistic PWR spent fuel transport cask proposed in the current OECD/NEA Phase II-C benchmark problem. The axial burnup profiles are simulated in 21 material zones based on in-core flux measurements varying from strong asymmetry to more or less no asymmetry. Criticality calculations in a 3-D model have been performed using the continuous energy Monte Carlo code MCNP-4B2 and the nuclear data library JENDL-3.2. Calculation conditions are determined with consideration of the axial fission source convergence. Calculations are carried out not only for cases proposed in the benchmark but also for additional cases assuming symmetric burnup profile. The actinide-only approach supposed for first domestic introduction of burnup credit into criticality evaluation is also considered in addition to the actinide plus fission product approach adopted in the benchmark. The calculated results show that keff and the end effect increase almost linearly with increasing burnup axial offset that is defined as one of typical parameters showing the intensity of axial burnup asymmetry. The end effect is more sensitive to the asymmetry of burnup profile for the higher burnup. For an axially distributed burnup, the axial fission source distribution becomes strongly asymmetric as its peak shifts toward the top end of the fuel's active zone where the local burnup is less than that of the bottom end. The peak of fission source distribution becomes higher with the increase of either the asymmetry of burnup profile or the assembly-averaged burnup. The conservatism of the assumption of uniform axial burnup based on the actinide-only approach is estimated quantitatively in comparison with the keff result calculated with experiment-based strongest asymmetric axial burnup profile with the actinide plus fission product approach. (author)

  16. Insurance: Pupils' Pamphlet. II C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of the South Pacific, Suva (Fiji).

    The document presents a study guide for students learning insurance protection and the various types of insurance businesses. The pupils' pamphlet is to be used in coordination with the teacher's guide. Case studies, worksheets, description of basic principles, and examples of policy forms are provided for the different types of insurance: (1)…

  17. Star formation black hole growth and dusty tori in the most luminous AGNs at z=2-3.5

    CERN Document Server

    Netzer, Hagai; Nordon, Raanan; Trakhtenbrot, Benny; Lira, Paulina; Shemmer, Ohad

    2015-01-01

    We report herschel observations of 100 very luminous, optically selected AGNs at z=2-3.5 with log(LUV)(erg/sec)> 46.5, where LUV=L1350A. The distribution in LUV is similar to the general distribution of SDSS AGNs in this redshift and luminosity interval. We measured SF luminosity, LSF, and SFR in 34 detected sources by fitting combined SF and WISE-based torus templates. We also obtained statistically significant stacks for the undetected sources in two luminosity groups. The sample properties are compared with those of very luminous AGNs at z>4.5. The main findings are: 1) The mean and the median SFRs of the detected sources are 1176 and 1010 Msun/yr, respectively. The mean SFR of the undetected sources is 148 Msun/yr. The ratio of SFR to BH accretion rate is approximately 80 for the detected sources and less than 10 for the undetected sources. There is no difference in LAGN and only a very small difference in L(torus) between detected and undetected sources. 2) The redshift distribution of LSF and LAGN for t...

  18. Heparin-bonded stent-graft for the treatment of TASC II C and D femoropopliteal lesions: the Viabahn-25 cm trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeller, Thomas; Peeters, Patrick; Bosiers, Marc; Lammer, Johannes; Brechtel, Klaus; Scheinert, Dierk; Rastan, Aljoscha; Noory, Elias; Beschorner, Ulrich

    2014-12-01

    Purpose: To confirm the performance and safety of the 25-cm Viabahn endoprosthesis with Propaten bioactive surface when used in the treatment of de novo and/or restenotic TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II C and D lesions of the superficial femoral artery and proximal popliteal artery. Methods: The 25-cm Gore Viabahn Endoprosthesis study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01263665) is a prospective, multicenter, single-arm study that enrolled 71 patients (50 men; mean age 66.7 ± 8.34 years) with lifestyle-limiting claudication (Rutherford class 2 to 4) and lesions longer than 20 cm (mean length 26.5 ± 5.31 cm, range 20-40). The majority of lesions (92.9%) were total occlusions. The primary performance outcome was post-deployment stent length within ± 10% of the pre-deployment stent length determined angiographically by quantitative vascular analysis. The primary safety outcome was device- and procedure-related serious adverse events occurring within 30 days of the procedure. The patients underwent follow-up examinations at 1 month and 1 year. Results : The median follow-up was 12.3 months (mean 12.3 ± 0.6). Nine (12.7%) patients discontinued the study due to different reasons including 2 bypass surgeries. Angiography was available in 60 patients to determine the primary performance outcome, which was met in all cases. Two (2.8%) patients experienced a procedure-/device-related adverse event (dissection) during the 30-day follow-up. Kaplan-Meier estimates for 1-year primary and secondary patency were 67.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 53.5% to 77.3%] and 96.9% (95% CI 88.0% to 99.2%), respectively. Changes in ankle-brachial index and Rutherford category at 1 and 12 months each showed sustained improvement. Conclusion : This study confirms that the 25-cm Viabahn endoprosthesis acutely performs as intended and is safe when used as indicated in complex femoropopliteal lesions. One-year primary and secondary patency rates are satisfying and comparable to

  19. Microstructures and Corrosion Resistance of Al2O3—C Based Refractories to the Melts Containing Titania

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUQingai; W.Newkirk; 等

    2002-01-01

    The corrosion resisance of the Al2O3-C based refrac-tories in melts containing titania has been studied by quasi-station immersion and rotary immersionThe corrosion rate is decreased with the addition of graphite carbon and ZrO2 in the refractories.The corrosion mehanism of Al2O3-C refractories is the oxidization of graphite carbon by the oxides of the melts and the formation of deteriorate layer,For the Al2O3-C-ZrO2 refractories,the corrosion behavior is due to the interaction between melts and refrac-tories,The new compounds of FeO.SiO2,SiZrO4,Feo.3CaO,2CaO.SiO2 and CaO.SiO2 are formed in the deteriorate layer.

  20. Acetylation of the c-MYC oncoprotein is required for cooperation with the HTLV-1 p30II accessory protein and the induction of oncogenic cellular transformation by p30II/c-MYC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The human T-cell leukemia retrovirus type-1 (HTLV-1) p30II protein is a multifunctional latency-maintenance factor that negatively regulates viral gene expression and deregulates host signaling pathways involved in aberrant T-cell growth and proliferation. We have previously demonstrated that p30II interacts with the c-MYC oncoprotein and enhances c-MYC-dependent transcriptional and oncogenic functions. However, the molecular and biochemical events that mediate the cooperation between p30II and c-MYC remain to be completely understood. Herein we demonstrate that p30II induces lysine-acetylation of the c-MYC oncoprotein. Acetylation-defective c-MYC Lys→Arg substitution mutants are impaired for oncogenic transformation with p30II in c-myc−/− HO15.19 fibroblasts. Using dual-chromatin-immunoprecipitations (dual-ChIPs), we further demonstrate that p30II is present in c-MYC-containing nucleoprotein complexes in HTLV-1-transformed HuT-102 T-lymphocytes. Moreover, p30II inhibits apoptosis in proliferating cells expressing c-MYC under conditions of genotoxic stress. These findings suggest that c-MYC-acetylation is required for the cooperation between p30II/c-MYC which could promote proviral replication and contribute to HTLV-1-induced carcinogenesis. - Highlights: • Acetylation of c-MYC is required for oncogenic transformation by HTLV-1 p30II/c-MYC. • Acetylation-defective c-MYC mutants are impaired for foci-formation by p30II/c-MYC. • The HTLV-1 p30II protein induces lysine-acetylation of c-MYC. • p30II is present in c-MYC nucleoprotein complexes in HTLV-1-transformed T-cells. • HTLV-1 p30II inhibits apoptosis in c-MYC-expressing proliferating cells

  1. Acetylation of the c-MYC oncoprotein is required for cooperation with the HTLV-1 p30{sup II} accessory protein and the induction of oncogenic cellular transformation by p30{sup II}/c-MYC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romeo, Megan M.; Ko, Bookyung; Kim, Janice; Brady, Rebecca; Heatley, Hayley C.; He, Jeffrey; Harrod, Carolyn K.; Barnett, Braden [Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Department of Biological Sciences, and The Dedman College Center for Drug Discovery, Design, and Delivery, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0376 (United States); Ratner, Lee [Departments of Medicine and Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110 (United States); Lairmore, Michael D. [University of California-Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95618 (United States); Martinez, Ernest [Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Lüscher, Bernhard [Institute of Biochemistry, Klinikum, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52057 Aachen (Germany); Robson, Craig N. [Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, The Medical School, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH (United Kingdom); Henriksson, Marie [Department of Microbiology, Cell and Tumor Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Harrod, Robert, E-mail: rharrod@smu.edu [Laboratory of Molecular Virology, Department of Biological Sciences, and The Dedman College Center for Drug Discovery, Design, and Delivery, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0376 (United States)

    2015-02-15

    The human T-cell leukemia retrovirus type-1 (HTLV-1) p30{sup II} protein is a multifunctional latency-maintenance factor that negatively regulates viral gene expression and deregulates host signaling pathways involved in aberrant T-cell growth and proliferation. We have previously demonstrated that p30{sup II} interacts with the c-MYC oncoprotein and enhances c-MYC-dependent transcriptional and oncogenic functions. However, the molecular and biochemical events that mediate the cooperation between p30{sup II} and c-MYC remain to be completely understood. Herein we demonstrate that p30{sup II} induces lysine-acetylation of the c-MYC oncoprotein. Acetylation-defective c-MYC Lys→Arg substitution mutants are impaired for oncogenic transformation with p30{sup II} in c-myc{sup −/−} HO15.19 fibroblasts. Using dual-chromatin-immunoprecipitations (dual-ChIPs), we further demonstrate that p30{sup II} is present in c-MYC-containing nucleoprotein complexes in HTLV-1-transformed HuT-102 T-lymphocytes. Moreover, p30{sup II} inhibits apoptosis in proliferating cells expressing c-MYC under conditions of genotoxic stress. These findings suggest that c-MYC-acetylation is required for the cooperation between p30{sup II}/c-MYC which could promote proviral replication and contribute to HTLV-1-induced carcinogenesis. - Highlights: • Acetylation of c-MYC is required for oncogenic transformation by HTLV-1 p30{sup II}/c-MYC. • Acetylation-defective c-MYC mutants are impaired for foci-formation by p30{sup II}/c-MYC. • The HTLV-1 p30{sup II} protein induces lysine-acetylation of c-MYC. • p30{sup II} is present in c-MYC nucleoprotein complexes in HTLV-1-transformed T-cells. • HTLV-1 p30{sup II} inhibits apoptosis in c-MYC-expressing proliferating cells.

  2. Transport náboje v Ta2O5 oxidových nanovrstvách s aplikací na tantalové kondenzátory

    OpenAIRE

    Kopecký, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Studium transportu náboje v Ta2O5 oxidových nanovrstvách se zaměřuje především na objasnění vlivu defektů na vodivost těchto vrstev. Soustředíme se na studium oxidových nanovrstev Ta2O5 vytvořených pomocí anodické oxidace. Proces výroby Ta2O5 zahrnuje řadu parametrů, jež ovlivňují koncentraci defektů (oxidových vakancí) v této struktuře. Vrstva oxidu Ta2O5 o tloušťce 20 až 200 nm se často používá jako dielektrikum pro tantalové kondenzátory, které se staly nedílnou součástí elektrotechnického...

  3. Prevalence of ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms in Brazilian breast cancer-unaffected women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polymorphisms of hormone receptor genes have been linked to modifications in reproductive factors and to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC). In the present study, we have determined the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms and investigated their relationship with mammographic density, body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors for BC. A consecutive and unselected sample of 750 Brazilian BC-unaffected women enrolled in a mammography screening program was recruited. The distribution of PGR PROGINS genotypic frequencies was 72.5, 25.5 and 2.0% for A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2, respectively, which was equivalent to that encountered in other studies with healthy women. The distribution of ERα genotypes was: ERα-397 PvuII C/T: 32.3% TT, 47.5% TC, and 20.2% CC; ERα-351 XbaI A/G: 46.3% AA, 41.7% AG and 12.0% GG. ERα haplotypes were 53.5% PX, 14.3% Px, 0.3% pX, and 32.0% px. These were significantly different from most previously published reports worldwide (P < 0.05). Overall, the PGR PROGINS genotypes A2A2 and A1A2 were associated with fatty and moderately fatty breast tissue. The same genotypes were also associated with a high BMI in postmenopausal women. In addition, the ERα-351 XbaI GG genotype was associated with menarche ≥12 years (P = 0.02). ERα and PGR polymorphisms have a phenotypic effect and may play an important role in BC risk determination. Finally, if confirmed in BC patients, these associations could have important implications for mammographic screening and strategies and may be helpful to identify women at higher risk for the disease

  4. Prevalence of ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms in Brazilian breast cancer-unaffected women

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giacomazzi, J.; Aguiar, E. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Palmero, E.I. [International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon (France); Schmidt, A.V. [Departamento de Estatística, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Skonieski, G.; Filho, D.D. [Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Bock, H. [Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Saraiva-Pereira, M.L. [Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Bioquímica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Ewald, I.P. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Schuler-Faccini, L. [Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Camey, S.A. [Departamento de Estatística, Instituto de Matemática, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Caleffi, M. [Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Giugliani, R. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Ashton-Prolla, P. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (BR)

    2012-05-18

    Polymorphisms of hormone receptor genes have been linked to modifications in reproductive factors and to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC). In the present study, we have determined the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms and investigated their relationship with mammographic density, body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors for BC. A consecutive and unselected sample of 750 Brazilian BC-unaffected women enrolled in a mammography screening program was recruited. The distribution of PGR PROGINS genotypic frequencies was 72.5, 25.5 and 2.0% for A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2, respectively, which was equivalent to that encountered in other studies with healthy women. The distribution of ERα genotypes was: ERα-397 PvuII C/T: 32.3% TT, 47.5% TC, and 20.2% CC; ERα-351 XbaI A/G: 46.3% AA, 41.7% AG and 12.0% GG. ERα haplotypes were 53.5% PX, 14.3% Px, 0.3% pX, and 32.0% px. These were significantly different from most previously published reports worldwide (P < 0.05). Overall, the PGR PROGINS genotypes A2A2 and A1A2 were associated with fatty and moderately fatty breast tissue. The same genotypes were also associated with a high BMI in postmenopausal women. In addition, the ERα-351 XbaI GG genotype was associated with menarche ≥12 years (P = 0.02). ERα and PGR polymorphisms have a phenotypic effect and may play an important role in BC risk determination. Finally, if confirmed in BC patients, these associations could have important implications for mammographic screening and strategies and may be helpful to identify women at higher risk for the disease.

  5. The strange rebirth of Tory England

    OpenAIRE

    Gamble, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    The Conservative party’s long dominance of British politics was overturned after 1992. The party suffered three consecutive election defeats, the first time this had happened in the modern era, and it seemed to lack the capacity to recover. After the 2005 defeat, however, the party under David Cameron has begun to seize back the political initiative from Labour. Cameron’s leadership is assessed against the background of the long Conservative hegemony, and the undermining of the five key pilla...

  6. Non-planar string networks on tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Type II strings in D=5 contain particle-like 1/8 supersymmetric BPS states. In this note we give a string-network representation of such states by considering (periodic) non-planar (p,q,r)-string networks of eight dimensional type II string theory on T3. We obtain the BPS mass formula of such states, in terms of charges and generating-vectors of the torus, and show its invariance under an SL(3, Z)XSL(3, Z) group of transformations. Results are then generalized to string-networks associated with the SL(5, Z) U-duality in seven dimensions. We also discuss reinterpretation of the above (D=5) mass formula in terms of BPS states in world-volume theories of U2-branes in D=8. (author)

  7. TRANSIT OF EXOMOON PLASMA TORI: NEW DIAGNOSIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the solar system, moons largely exceed planets in number. The Kepler database has been shown to be sensitive to exomoon detection down to the mass of Mars, but the first search has been unsuccessful. Here, we use a particles-in-cell code to predict the transit of the plasma torus produced by a satellite. Despite the small size of a moon, the spatial extent of its plasma torus can be large enough to produce substantial transit absorptions. The model is used for the interpretation of Hubble Space Telescope early ingress absorptions apparently observed during the WASP-12 b and HD 189733 b UV transits for which no consistent explanation exists. For HD 189733 b an exomoon transiting ∼16 Rp ahead of the planet and loading ∼1029 C II ions s–1 into space is required to explain the tentative early ingress absorption observed for C II. For WASP-12b, a moon transiting ∼6 Rp ahead from the planet and ejecting ∼1028 Mg II ions per second is required to explain the NUV early ingress absorption feature. Interestingly, both HD 189733 b and WASP-12b predicted satellites are outside the Hill sphere of their planets, an indication that the moons, if present, were not formed in situ but probably captured later. Finally, our simulations show a strong electromagnetic coupling between the polar regions of planets and the orbital position of the moons, an expected outcome of the unipolar induction DC circuit model. Future observations should test our predictions with a potential opportunity to unambiguously detect the first exomoon plasma torus

  8. Levi-Civita's Theorem for Noncommutative Tori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Rosenberg

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We show how to define Riemannian metrics and connections on a noncommutative torus in such a way that an analogue of Levi-Civita's theorem on the existence and uniqueness of a Riemannian connection holds. The major novelty is that we need to use two different notions of noncommutative vector field. Levi-Civita's theorem makes it possible to define Riemannian curvature using the usual formulas.

  9. Monodromy and isotopy of monotone Lagrangian tori

    OpenAIRE

    Yau, Mei-Lin

    2008-01-01

    We define new Hamiltonian isotopy invariants for a monotone Lagrangian torus embedded in a symplectic 4-manifold. We show that, in the standard symplectic 4-space, these invariants distinguish a monotone Clifford torus from a Chekanov torus.

  10. Riemann surfaces and totally real tori

    OpenAIRE

    Duval, Julien; Gayet, Damien

    2009-01-01

    Given a generic totally real torus unknotted in the unit sphere of the complex plane, we prove the following alternative : either there exists a filling of the torus by holomorphic discs and the torus is rationally convex, or its rational hull contains a holomorphic annulus.

  11. Twin tori for a new bundle divertor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new bundle divertor system using the straight stagnation axis in toroidal field together with the uniform field along the axis is discussed in detail. We call this type of divertor as the ''muffler divertor'' because of its shape. (author)

  12. Levi-Civita's Theorem for Noncommutative Tori

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Rosenberg

    2013-01-01

    We show how to define Riemannian metrics and connections on a noncommutative torus in such a way that an analogue of Levi-Civita's theorem on the existence and uniqueness of a Riemannian connection holds. The major novelty is that we need to use two different notions of noncommutative vector field. Levi-Civita's theorem makes it possible to define Riemannian curvature using the usual formulas.

  13. Softwarové syntetizátory

    OpenAIRE

    Vávra, Jan

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the diploma thesis is to survey this niche market. The study was primary focused on software synthesizers. To evaluate the synthesizers a quantitative survey was done. Outputs of the survey resulted into specification of requirements for the software programmes for music composing and identification of respondents. The hypothesis concerning users of software synthesizers themselves was defined and evaluated by statistical methods. Following the hypothesis correlations between each ...

  14. Letecké aktuátory

    OpenAIRE

    Jetela, Václav

    2014-01-01

    Bakalářská práce s názvem „Letecké aktuátory“ se v první části zabývá uceleným přehledem hydraulicky a elektricky poháněných aktuátorů používaných v letectví. Druhá část práce je věnována přehledu leteckých hydraulických okruhů. Jednotlivé kapitoly obsahují popis funkce a schémata. V následujících kapitolách práce jsou zpracovány návrhy testovacího standu pro zkoušení provozních parametrů aktuátorů. Závěr práce je věnován srovnání jednotlivých aktuátorů dle výkonu použití v letadlech....

  15. TRANSIT OF EXOMOON PLASMA TORI: NEW DIAGNOSIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben-Jaffel, Lotfi [UPMC, University of Paris 06, UMR 7095, Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris (France); Ballester, Gilda E., E-mail: bjaffel@iap.fr, E-mail: gilda@pirl.lpl.arizona.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1541 E. University Blvd, Tucson, AZ 85721-0063 (United States)

    2014-04-20

    In the solar system, moons largely exceed planets in number. The Kepler database has been shown to be sensitive to exomoon detection down to the mass of Mars, but the first search has been unsuccessful. Here, we use a particles-in-cell code to predict the transit of the plasma torus produced by a satellite. Despite the small size of a moon, the spatial extent of its plasma torus can be large enough to produce substantial transit absorptions. The model is used for the interpretation of Hubble Space Telescope early ingress absorptions apparently observed during the WASP-12 b and HD 189733 b UV transits for which no consistent explanation exists. For HD 189733 b an exomoon transiting ∼16 R{sub p} ahead of the planet and loading ∼10{sup 29} C II ions s{sup –1} into space is required to explain the tentative early ingress absorption observed for C II. For WASP-12b, a moon transiting ∼6 R{sub p} ahead from the planet and ejecting ∼10{sup 28} Mg II ions per second is required to explain the NUV early ingress absorption feature. Interestingly, both HD 189733 b and WASP-12b predicted satellites are outside the Hill sphere of their planets, an indication that the moons, if present, were not formed in situ but probably captured later. Finally, our simulations show a strong electromagnetic coupling between the polar regions of planets and the orbital position of the moons, an expected outcome of the unipolar induction DC circuit model. Future observations should test our predictions with a potential opportunity to unambiguously detect the first exomoon plasma torus.

  16. Přístupy k zajištění kvality zdravotní péče: manažerské simulátory pro podporu rozhodování

    OpenAIRE

    Lešetický, Ondřej

    2009-01-01

    Assuring the quality of healthcare is a very complex subject combining a variety of approaches (structural, process, result, etc.) on the macro-level of the health system as part of national health policy and even on micro-level in healthcare facilities. However, majority of models for monitoring the quality of health care is still based on a pragmatic approach to structural quality monitoring, with the primary aim to improve the health status of the population through affordable and quality ...

  17. Insertion of 3-D-primitives in mesh-based representations: towards compact models preserving the details.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarge, Florent; Keriven, Renaud; Brédif, Mathieu

    2010-07-01

    We propose an original hybrid modeling process of urban scenes that represents 3-D models as a combination of mesh-based surfaces and geometric 3-D-primitives. Meshes describe details such as ornaments and statues, whereas 3-D-primitives code for regular shapes such as walls and columns. Starting from an 3-D-surface obtained by multiview stereo techniques, these primitives are inserted into the surface after being detected. This strategy allows the introduction of semantic knowledge, the simplification of the modeling, and even correction of errors generated by the acquisition process. We design a hierarchical approach exploring different scales of an observed scene. Each level consists first in segmenting the surface using a multilabel energy model optimized by -expansion and then in fitting 3-D-primitives such as planes, cylinders or tori on the obtained partition where relevant. Experiments on real meshes, depth maps and synthetic surfaces show good potential for the proposed approach. PMID:20236893

  18. Microfluidic Chip-based Nucleic Acid Testing using Gingival Crevicular Fluid as a New Technique for Detecting HIV-1 Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Willyandre

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Transmission of HIV-1 infection by individuals in window period who are tested negative in conventional HIV-1 detection would pose the community with serious problems. Several diagnostic tools require specific labora-tory equipment, perfect timing of diagnosis, antibody to HIV-1, and invasive technique to get sample for examination, until high amount of time to process the sample as well as accessibility of remote areas. Many attempts have been made to solve those problems to come to a new detection technique. This review aims to give information about the current development technique for detection of HIV infection. Microfluidic Chip-based Nucleic Acid Testing is currently introduced for detection of HIV-1 infection. This review also cover the possible usage of gingival crevicular fluid as sample specimen that could be taken noninvasively from the individual.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v18i2.63

  19. Mg II & C IV Kinematics vs. Stellar Kinematics in Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Churchill, C W; Churchill, Chris; Steidel, Chuck

    2002-01-01

    Comparisons of the kinematics of Mg II absorbing gas and the stellar rotation curves in 0.5 < z < 1.0 spiral galaxies suggests that, at least in some cases, the extended gaseous envelopes may be dynamically coupled to the stellar matter. A strong correlation exists between the overall kinematic spread of Mg II absorbing gas and C IV absorption strength, and therefore kinematics of the higher-ionization gas. Taken together, the data may suggest a "halo/disk connection" between z~1 galaxies and their extended gaseous envelopes. Though the number of galaxies in our sample are few, there are no clear examples that suggest the gas is accreting/infalling isotropically about the galaxies from the intergalactic medium.

  20. Pleiades Experiments on the NIF: Phase II-C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benstead, James [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Berkshire (United Kingdom); Morton, John [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Berkshire (United Kingdom); Guymer, Thomas [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Berkshire (United Kingdom); Garbett, Warren [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Berkshire (United Kingdom); Stevenson, Mark [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Berkshire (United Kingdom); Moore, Alastair [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kline, John [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Schmidt, Derek [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Perry, Ted [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Lanier, Nick [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Workman, Jonathan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-06-08

    Pleiades was a radiation transport campaign fielded at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) between 2011 and 2014. The primary goals of the campaign were to develop and characterise a reproducible ~350eV x-ray drive and to constrain a number of material data properties required to successfully model the propagation of radiation through two low-density foam materials. A further goal involved the development and qualification of diagnostics for future radiation transport experiments at NIF. Pleiades was a collaborative campaign involving teams from both AWE and the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

  1. Orientifold's landscape: non-factorisable six-tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We construct type IIA orientifolds on T6/Z2 x Z2 which admit non factorisable lattices. We describe a method to deal with this kind of configurations and discuss how the compactification lattice affects the tadpole cancellation conditions. Moreover, we include D6-branes which are not parallel to O6-planes. These branes can give rise to chiral spectra in four dimensions, thus uncovering a new corner in the landscape of intersecting D-brane model constructions. We demonstrate the construction at an explicit example. In general we argue that obtaining an odd number of families is problematic

  2. Charged Tori in Spherical Gravitational and Dipolar Magnetic Fields

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slaný, P.; Kovář, J.; Stuchlík, Z.; Karas, Vladimír

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 205, č. 1 (2013), 3/1-3/16. ISSN 0067-0049 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC13-00070J Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : accretion * accretion disks * magnetic fields Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 14.137, year: 2013

  3. Finite-temperature string theory and twisted tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show that the introduction of a finite temperature into string theory is mathematically equivalent to compactifying the timelike coordinate on a twisted torus of radius β/2π = 1/2πkT, the reciprocal of the temperature. We derive a general formula for the one-loop vacuum amplitude Λ(β) of a string theory compactified on a twisted torus that is manifestly modular invariant and is almost as easy to apply as in the compactification of a string theory on an ordinary torus. The connection with statistical mechanics is made through the formula lnZ(β) = -βVΛ(β) where Z(β) is the partition function and V the volume of the system. We discuss how the function σ(E) which counts the number of string states of total energy E and plays a central role in the microcanonical ensemble can be computed by taking the inverse Laplace transform of Z(β) and we give estimates of σ(E) for low and high energy densities by this method. We study the effect of finite temperature on the effective potentials for different parameters which determine a string theory's compactification. As supersymmetry is broken at finite temperature these potentials are nontrivial. We study the effect of finite temperature on the Wilson loop mechanism for gauge symmetry breaking and find that for a supersymmetric theory compactified on a torus finite-temperature effects favor the trivial vacuum. Also the effective potential for the radius R of the torus becomes modified so as to be minimum at R = 0 or R = ∞. The introduction of interactions and curvature effects into our formalism is discussed

  4. MHD phenomena and transport of energetic ions in spherical tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mechanisms of the in the influence of MHD events on the beam ions in moderate-β plasmas relevant to current experiments on NSTX are studied. Change of the neutron yield caused by particle redistribution is evaluated. Destabilizing effect of the trapped energetic ions on ideal and non-ideal MHD modes in high-β plasmas is predicted. (author)

  5. Radio frequency current drive for small aspect ratio tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-inductive current drive (CD) is required during plasma initiation and for current sustainment in NSTX. The physics of high harmonic fast waves (HHFW) and the design of an antenna system for NSTX are studied. It is found that the theoretical current drive efficiency for HHFW can be high, and a general survey of parameters gives a good target for the antenna design. The primary issue for HHFW during plasma initiation is loading since the CD efficiency is very high for low density plasmas. For high beta operation at full current launching in the usual manner from the equatorial plane may lead to marginal CD performance. However, advanced antenna designs exploiting the theoretical results show some promise for high beta operation. Two methods to optimize the CD efficiency have been explored. The first non-zero poloidal mode excitation, provides enhanced efficiency because of improved penetration and a reduction of detrimental trapped particle effects. A second, placement of the antenna away from the equatorial plane, can also be used to reduce trapped particle effects. These methods can be used separately or together, yielding potential improvements of more than a factor of 2 in CD efficiency for NSTX

  6. Radio Frequency Current Drive Considerations for Small Aspect Ratio Tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noninductive current drive is required during plasma initiation and for current sustainment in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). In this paper, the physics of high harmonic fast waves (HHFW) and the design of an antenna system for NSTX are considered using numerical models. For high current discharges in NSTX, the static magnetic field component in the poloidal direction varies widely during the discharge and can become comparable to the toroidal component in NSTX. Therefore, they calculate the plasma loading for a broad range of antenna and plasma geometries in a three-dimensional model, so that the results can be used to influence the antenna design. Two-dimensional calculations of the wave propagation and absorption in the core plasma indicate that the theoretical current drive efficiency for HHFW can be high, and a general survey of parameters gives a good target for the antenna design. The current drive efficiency calculation is sensitive to the equilibrium model because finite beta effects can substantially alter the calculation of the trapped particle fraction. Traditional methods of toroidally phasing an antenna array as well as poloidal phasing are studied to optimize the current drive efficiency for a range of equilibria. Non-zero poloidal model excitation is also found to affect the antenna performance and flexibility. Performance expectations for a preliminary antenna design are given

  7. Steroidní modulátory NMDA receptoru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Ivan; Pouzar, Vladimír; Chodounská, Hana

    Ĺubochňa : Národný endokrinologický a diabetologický ústav v Ĺubochni, 2010. s. 22-22. [Imunoanalýza 2010. 14.06.2010-18.06.2010, Ĺubochňa] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06077 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : NMDA receptor * steroids Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  8. Teerullitaktika kasutamisest riigieelarve arutamisel aastail 1998-2005 / Erkki Tori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tori, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    Autor analüüsib Riigikogu nelja koosseisu kogemusi riigieelarve menetlemisel ning jõuab järeldusele, et valitsuskoalitsioonid on kasutanud teerullitaktikat ning teeb selle vähendamiseks ettepaneku muuta menetlusreeglistikku. Tabelid: 1998-2005. aasta riigieelarvesse esitatud ettepanekute edukus. Diagrammid, graafikud

  9. Curvature and geometric modules of noncommutative spheres and tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnlind, Joakim

    2014-04-01

    When considered as submanifolds of Euclidean space, the Riemannian geometry of the round sphere and the Clifford torus may be formulated in terms of Poisson algebraic expressions involving the embedding coordinates, and a central object is the projection operator, projecting tangent vectors in the ambient space onto the tangent space of the submanifold. In this note, we point out that there exist noncommutative analogues of these projection operators, which implies a very natural definition of noncommutative tangent spaces as particular projective modules. These modules carry an induced connection from Euclidean space, and we compute its scalar curvature.

  10. Ambipolar potential formation and control in bumpy tori and mirrors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Separate abstracts were prepared for 19 of the included papers. Some of the included papers appeared earlier in ERA. A title listing only is given for three of the papers since only an abstract is given in the conference proceedings

  11. Translated tori in the characteristic varieties of complex hyperplane arrangements

    OpenAIRE

    Suciu, Alexander I.

    1999-01-01

    We give examples of complex hyperplane arrangements for which the top characteristic variety contains positive-dimensional irreducible components that do not pass through the origin of the character torus. These examples answer several questions of Libgober and Yuzvinsky. As an application, we exhibit a pair of arrangements for which the resonance varieties of the Orlik-Solomon algebra are (abstractly) isomorphic, yet whose characteristic varieties are not isomorphic. The difference comes fro...

  12. Starbursts and dusty tori in distant 3CR radio galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Podigachoski, P; Barthel, P D; Drouart, G; Fioc, M

    2016-01-01

    We present a study of the complete ultraviolet to submillimetre spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of twelve 3CR radio galaxy hosts in the redshift range $1.0 < z < 2.5$, which were all detected in the far-infrared by the Herschel Space Observatory. The study employs the new spectro-chemical evolutionary code P\\'EGASE.3, in combination with recently published clumpy AGN torus models. We uncover the properties of the massive host galaxy stellar populations, the AGN torus luminosities, and the properties of the recent starbursts, which had earlier been inferred in these objects from their infrared SEDs. The P\\'EGASE.3 fitting yields very luminous (up to 10$^{13}$L$_{\\odot}$) young stellar populations with ages of several hundred million years in hosts with masses exceeding 10$^{11}$M$_{\\odot}$. Dust masses are seen to increase with redshift, and a surprising correlation -- or better upper envelope behaviour -- is found between the AGN torus luminosity and the starburst luminosity, as revealed by their a...

  13. Comparison of Efficacy and Threat Perception Processes in Predicting Smoking among University Students Based on Extended Parallel Process Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Bashirian

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: The survey of smoking as the most toxic, common and cheapest ad-diction, and its psychological and demographic variables especially among the youth who are efficient and constructive individuals of the society is of great importance. This study was performed to compare efficacy and threat perception in predicting cigarette smoking among university students based on Expended Parallel Process Model (EPPM. Material & Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out on 700 college stu-dents of Hamadan recruited with a stratified sampling method. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire including demographic characteristics, smoking status and EPPM Data analysis was done with the SPSS software (version 16, using t-test, one way ANOVA, Pierson correlation and logistic regression methods. Results: The average scores of threat and efficacy perception were 39.7 and 38.6, respectively. The prevalence of cigarette smoking among participants was 27.1 percent. Also, there were significant differences between the average score of efficacy perception and age, gender, his-tory of drug abuse and dwelling of students (P<0.05. Efficacy and threat perception both predicted student cigarette smoking. Conclusions: Cognitive mediating process of threat perception was a more powerful predictor of cigarette smoking as an unsafe behavior. Therefore, increasing self efficacy and response efficacy of university students aimed at facilitating the acceptance of safe behavior could be note-worthy as a principle in education. (Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2014; 21 (1:58-65

  14. Identification and characterization of the donkey CSN1S2 I and II cDNAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Nicodemo

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The αs2 casein, encoded by the CSN1S2 gene, is one of the three Calcium sensitive caseins present in the milk of ruminants of zootechnical interest and in the milk of Equidae species (horse and donkey. In the present study, we cloned, sequenced and analysed two different donkey CSN1S2 cDNAs that we called CSN1S2 I and CSN1S2 II. The first, which spans over a fragment of 1016 nt, is constituted by 19 exons and encodes for a predicted protein (called αs2-I of 221 aminoacids; the second, of which we determined the entire sequence (16 exons, encodes for a predicted peptide (called αs2-II of 168 aminoacids. Alternative splicing and genetic markers are reported for both genes.

  15. Cysteine 295 indirectly affects Ni coordination of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase-II C-cluster

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •CODH-II harbors a unique [Ni-Fe-S] cluster. •We substituted the ligand residues of Cys295 and His261. •Dramatic decreases in Ni content upon substitutions were observed. •All substitutions did not affect Fe-S clusters assembly. •CO oxidation activity was decreased by the substitutions. -- Abstract: A unique [Ni–Fe–S] cluster (C-cluster) constitutes the active center of Ni-containing carbon monoxide dehydrogenases (CODHs). His261, which coordinates one of the Fe atoms with Cys295, is suggested to be the only residue required for Ni coordination in the C-cluster. To evaluate the role of Cys295, we constructed CODH-II variants. Ala substitution for the Cys295 substitution resulted in the decrease of Ni content and didn’t result in major change of Fe content. In addition, the substitution had no effect on the ability to assemble a full complement of [Fe–S] clusters. This strongly suggests Cys295 indirectly and His261 together affect Ni-coordination in the C-cluster

  16. Late-Type Stars in M31. II. C-, S-, and M-Star Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, James P.; Richer, Harvey B.; Crabtree, Dennis R.

    1996-08-01

    We present spectra of AGB stars in M31 for which observations had been previously secured using a four-band photometric system (FBPS). The FBPS had been used to identify M-, S-, and carbon-star (C-star) candidates, and we use the spectra to show that the FBPS did an excellent job at identifying C- and M-stars. Of the 48 C-stars for which spectra were obtained, 7 have strongly enhanced ^13^C bands (J-stars), 2 have strong Hα emission, while 3 are found to exhibit enhanced Li absorption (Li-stars). Both the J- and Li-stars are fainter than predicted by current theoretical models, while the colors of the Hα stars suggest they may be in the terminal phases of their evolution. The C_2_ and CN bandstrengths of the C-stars are measured, and no correlation between these bandstrengths and either M_bol_ or (V-I) is found. It is suggested that this lack of correlation is due to an age spread. The spectra of the first confirmed S-star in M31 is presented, and two evolutionary pathways are suggested to account for this star's high luminosity.

  17. Determinants for Dephosphorylation of the RNA Polymerase II C-Terminal Domain by Scp1

    OpenAIRE

    Yan ZHANG; Kim, Youngjun; Genoud, Nicolas; Gao, Jianmin; Kelly, Jeffery W.; Pfaff, Samuel L.; Gill, Gordon N.; Dixon, Jack E.; Noel, Joseph P.

    2006-01-01

    Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) represent a critical regulatory checkpoint for transcription. Transcription initiation requires Fcp1/Scp1-mediated dephosphorylation of phospho-CTD. Fcp1 and Scp1 belong to a family of Mg2+-dependent phosphoserine (P.Ser)/phosphothreonine (P.Thr)-specific phosphatases. We recently showed that Scp1 is an evolutionarily conserved regulator of neuronal gene silencing. Here, we present the X-ray cry...

  18. Formation of dark matter tori around supermassive black holes via the eccentric Kozai-Lidov mechanism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We explore the effects of long-term secular perturbations on the distribution of dark matter particles around supermassive black hole (BH) binaries. We show that in the hierarchical (in separation) three-body problem, one of the BHs and a dark matter particle form an inner binary. Gravitational perturbations from the BH companion, on a much wider orbit, can cause the dark matter particle to reach extremely high eccentricities and even get accreted onto the BH by what is known as the eccentric Kozai-Lidov (EKL) mechanism. We show that this may produce a torus-like configuration for the dark matter distribution around the less massive member of the BH binary. We first consider an intermediate BH (IMBH) in the vicinity of our galactic center, which may be a relic of a past minor merger. We show that if the IMBH is close enough (i.e., near the stellar disk) the EKL mechanism is very efficient in exciting the eccentricity of dark matter particles in near-polar configurations to extremely high values where they are accreted by the IMBH. We show that this mechanism is even more effective if the central BH grows in mass, where we have assumed adiabatic growth. Because near-polar configurations are disrupted, a torus-like shape is formed. We also show that this behavior is also likely to be relevant for supermassive BH binaries. We suggest that if the BHs are spinning, the accreted dark matter particles may linger in the ergosphere, and thereby generate self-annihilations and produce an indirect signature of potential interest.

  19. THE UTILIZATION OF THE THERAPEUTIC TOY IN THE NURSING OPERA TORY VISIT TO THE INFANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Silveira Viera

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The systematization of the peroperative nursing occurs in the moments pre, trans and postoperativeand also they happen in children, adolescents, adults and elders. Being like this, ours objective went verify thebenefits of the utilization of the therapeutic toy in the visit preoperative by the nurse of surgical center.

  20. Akumulátory energie pro blízkou budoucnost

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zajac, Jaromír

    -, č. 5 (2006), s. 14-15 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20430508 Keywords : tokamak * power sources * energy accumulation Subject RIV: JE - Non-nuclear Energetics, Energy Consumption ; Use http://www.tretipol.cz/

  1. THE UTILIZATION OF THE THERAPEUTIC TOY IN THE NURSING OPERA TORY VISIT TO THE INFANT

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudia Silveira Viera; Marister Piccoli; Silvana Machiavelli Schmitz

    2003-01-01

    The systematization of the peroperative nursing occurs in the moments pre, trans and postoperativeand also they happen in children, adolescents, adults and elders. Being like this, ours objective went verify thebenefits of the utilization of the therapeutic toy in the visit preoperative by the nurse of surgical center.

  2. Vanadové články jako zdroje a akumulátory energie

    OpenAIRE

    Langr, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    Tato semestrální práce se zabývá problematikou průtokových redoxních baterií, zejména pak vanadových článků. První část se soustředí na vysvětlění základních pojmů, popisuje vanadové redoxní baterie a vysvětluje chemické procesy v nich. Zabývá se též jejich vlastnostmi a konstrukcí. Druhá část popisuje diagnostickou metodu spektroskopie, která se jeví jako velice perspektivní právě pro zkoumání vlastností vanadových článků. This semestral thesis deals with problematics of redox flow batter...

  3. Formation of dark matter tori around supermassive black holes via the eccentric Kozai-Lidov mechanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naoz, Smadar [Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Institute for Theory and Computation, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Silk, Joseph, E-mail: snaoz@astro.ucla.edu [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR7095, 98 bis, boulevard Arago, F-75014, Paris (France)

    2014-11-10

    We explore the effects of long-term secular perturbations on the distribution of dark matter particles around supermassive black hole (BH) binaries. We show that in the hierarchical (in separation) three-body problem, one of the BHs and a dark matter particle form an inner binary. Gravitational perturbations from the BH companion, on a much wider orbit, can cause the dark matter particle to reach extremely high eccentricities and even get accreted onto the BH by what is known as the eccentric Kozai-Lidov (EKL) mechanism. We show that this may produce a torus-like configuration for the dark matter distribution around the less massive member of the BH binary. We first consider an intermediate BH (IMBH) in the vicinity of our galactic center, which may be a relic of a past minor merger. We show that if the IMBH is close enough (i.e., near the stellar disk) the EKL mechanism is very efficient in exciting the eccentricity of dark matter particles in near-polar configurations to extremely high values where they are accreted by the IMBH. We show that this mechanism is even more effective if the central BH grows in mass, where we have assumed adiabatic growth. Because near-polar configurations are disrupted, a torus-like shape is formed. We also show that this behavior is also likely to be relevant for supermassive BH binaries. We suggest that if the BHs are spinning, the accreted dark matter particles may linger in the ergosphere, and thereby generate self-annihilations and produce an indirect signature of potential interest.

  4. Parogenerátory tlakovodních reaktorů

    OpenAIRE

    Michalica, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce se zabývá popisem jednotlivých konstrukčních řešení parogenerátorů. V první části bakalářské práce je popsán počátek jaderného průmyslu v Rusku. Samostatná práce se věnuje jednotlivým konstrukčním řešením. Poslední kapitola detailně popisuje jednotlivé části parogenerátoru VVER 1000. Součástí práce je tvorba 3D modelu parogenerátoru VVER 1000, který bude sloužit jako učební pomůcka v projektu Cenelín. This bachelors thesis describes various designs of steam generators...

  5. Linn andis loa Osten Tori juurde kõrgete korrusmajade ehitamiseks / Askur Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Askur, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna linnavalitsus kehtestas Pärnu maantee ja Alevi tänava nurga detailplaneeringu, mille kohaselt kerkivad sinna üks 9- ja üks 12-korruseline äri- ja kortermaja. Projekti koostas Tõnu Laigu OÜ-st QP Arhitektid

  6. Mid-infrared interferometry of 23 AGN tori: On the significance of polar-elongated emission

    CERN Document Server

    López-Gonzaga, N; Tristram, K R W; Meisenheimer, K; Schartmann, M

    2016-01-01

    Context. Detailed high resolution studies of AGN with mid-infrared (MIR) interferometry have revealed parsec-sized dust emission elongated in the polar direction in four sources. Aims. Using a larger, coherently analyzed sample of AGN observed with MIR interferometry, we aim to identify elongated mid-infrared emission in a statistical sample of sources. More specifically we wish to determine if there is indeed a preferred direction of the elongation and whether this direction is consistent with a torus-like structure or with a polar emission. Methods. We investigate the significance of the detection of an elongated shape in the MIR emission by fitting elongated Gaussian models to the interferometric data at 12 um. We pay special attention to 1) the uncertainties caused by an inhomogeneous (u,v) coverage, 2) the typical errors in the measurements and 3) the spatial resolution achieved for each object. Results. From our sample of 23 sources we are able to find elongated parsec-scale MIR emission in five sources...

  7. Role of electric charge in shaping equilibrium configurations of fluid tori encircling black holes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kovář, J.; Slaný, P.; Stuchlík, Z.; Karas, Vladimír; Cremaschini, C.; Miller, J. C.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 84, č. 8 (2011), 084002/1-084002/14. ISSN 1550-7998 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06014; GA ČR GA205/07/0052 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501 Keywords : black holes Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.558, year: 2011

  8. Delayed outflows from black hole accretion tori following neutron star binary coalescence

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández, Rodrigo

    2013-01-01

    Expulsion of neutron-rich matter following the merger of neutron star (NS) binaries is crucial to the radioactively-powered electromagnetic counterparts of these events and to their relevance as sources of r-process nucleosynthesis. Numerical simulations of NS-NS coalescence find, however, a wide range in the quantity of prompt dynamically-ejected mass. Here we explore the long-term (viscous) evolution of remnant black hole accretion disks formed in such mergers by means of two-dimensional, time-dependent hydrodynamical simulations. The evolution of the electron fraction due to charged-current weak interactions is included, and neutrino self-irradiation is modeled as a lightbulb that accounts for the disk geometry and moderate optical depth effects. Over several viscous times (~1s), a fraction ~10% of the initial disk mass is ejected as a moderately neutron-rich wind (Y_e ~ 0.2) powered by viscous heating and nuclear recombination, with neutrino self-irradiation playing a sub-dominant role. Although the prope...

  9. Studies of spherical tori, stellarators and anisotropic pressure with the M3D code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Multi-level 3D (M3D) project simulates plasmas using multiple levels of physics, geometry and grid models in one code package. The M3D code has been extended to fundamentally non-axisymmetric and small aspect ratio, R/a > or ∼ 1, configurations. Applications include the non-linear stability of the NSTX spherical torus and of the spherical pinch, as well as the relaxation of stellarator equilibria. The fluid level physics model has been extended to evolve the anisotropic pressures pjparallel and pjperpendicular for the ion and electron species and has been applied to magnetic island evolution. (author)

  10. Mid-infrared interferometry of 23 AGN tori: On the significance of polar-elongated emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Gonzaga, N.; Burtscher, L.; Tristram, K. R. W.; Meisenheimer, K.; Schartmann, M.

    2016-06-01

    Context. Detailed high-resolution studies of active galactic nuclei (AGN) with mid-infrared (MIR) interferometry have revealed parsec-sized dust emission that is elongated in the polar direction in four sources. Aims: Using a larger, coherently analyzed sample of AGN observed with MIR interferometry, we aim to identify elongated MIR emission in a statistical sample of sources. More specifically, we wish to determine if there is indeed a preferred direction of the elongation and whether this direction is consistent with a torus-like structure or with a polar emission. Methods: We investigated the significance of the detection of an elongated shape in the MIR emission by fitting elongated Gaussian models to the interferometric data at 12 μm. We paid special attention to (1) the uncertainties caused by an inhomogeneous (u,v) coverage; (2) the typical errors in the measurements; and (3) the spatial resolution achieved for each object. Results: From our sample of 23 sources, we are able to find elongated parsec-scale, MIR emission in five sources: three type 2s, one type 1i, and one type 1. Elongated emission in four of these sources has been published before; NGC 5506 is a new detection. The observed axis ratios are typically around 2 and the position angle of the 12 μm emission for all the elongated sources always seems to be closer to the polar axis of the system than to the equatorial axis. Two other objects, NGC 4507 and MCG-5-23-16, with reasonably well-mapped (u,v) coverage and good signal-to-noise ratios, appear to have a less elongated 12 μm emission. Conclusions: Our finding that sources showing elongated MIR emission are preferentially extended in polar direction sets strong constraints on torus models or implies that both the torus and NLR/outflow region have to be modeled together. In addition, models used for SED fitting will have to be revised to include emission from polar dust.

  11. (Re)presenting Equestrian "His"tories--Storytelling as a Method of Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linghede, Eva; Larsson, Håkan; Redelius, Karin

    2016-01-01

    Responding to calls about the need to "give voice" to groups previously marginalized in research and to challenge meta-narratives about men in sports, this paper explores the use of a narrative approach to illuminate men's experiences--and the doing of gender--within equestrian sports, a sport dominated by women in Sweden. Adopting the…

  12. Analyzátory výfukových emisí vozidel

    OpenAIRE

    Přeučil, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this work is to describe the development and current knowledge in the design of the exhaust emissions of internal combustion analyzers motorů.Bakalářská work includes analysis of emissions from internal combustion engines, their composition and the description of the individual components. Besides, the description of the technical equipment for analysis of exhaust emissions of internal combustion engines and the principles on which these devices operate. The next chapter covers the...

  13. A Female Interrogative Reader: The Adolescent Jane Austen Reads and Rewrites (His)tory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline

    1992-01-01

    Argues that Jane Austen's unpublished juvenile work "The History of England" has considerable relevance to twentieth-century high-school English classrooms. Notes that the work humorously shows the gender bias of traditional history texts because it is a "woman-centered" rewriting. (RS)

  14. Bifurcations of cycles and tori in one boundary value problem for the nonlocal equation of erosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A partial differential equation with deviating spatial variables has been considered. The case of small deviations has been studied. It has been shown that spatially inhomogeneous solutions can be sought as bifurcating solutions from homogeneous equilibrium states and that the wavelength of the corresponding solutions depends almost only on one parameter, the magnitude of deviation

  15. Quasi-localized wavefunctions on magnetized tori and tiny neutrino Yukawa couplings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumita, Keigo

    2016-01-01

    This paper shows that, a quasi-localization of wavefunctions in toroidal compactifications with magnetic fluxes can lead to a strong suppression for relevant Yukawa couplings, and it is applicable to obtain tiny neutrino masses. Although it is known that magnetic fluxes lead to a Gaussian profile of zero-modes on a torus and that can yield a suppressed coupling in higher-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theories, the largest (diagonal) entry of Yukawa matrices is always of O(1) . In this paper, we propose a way to induce an absolutely tiny global factor of Yukawa matrices. In two SYM theories defined in different dimensional spacetime, their bifundamental representations must be localized as a point in some directions. Overlaps of such point-like localized wavefunctions and Gaussian zero-modes give a global factor of Yukawa matrices, and it can be a strong suppression factor or a usual O(1) factor, corresponding to their distance. Our numerical analysis shows that it is possible to obtain a suppression strong enough to realize the tiny neutrino masses without a fine-tuning. Furthermore, we propose a concrete model in a magnetized SYM system and demonstrate the mechanism to generate the tiny neutrino Yukawa couplings.

  16. Quasi-localized wavefunctions on magnetized tori and tiny neutrino Yukawa couplings

    CERN Document Server

    Sumita, Keigo

    2015-01-01

    This paper shows that, a quasi-localization of wavefunctions in toroidal compactifications with magnetic fluxes can lead to a strong suppression for relevant Yukawa couplings, and it is applicable to obtain tiny neutrino masses. Although it is known that magnetic fluxes lead to a Gaussian profile of zero-modes on a torus and that can yield a suppressed coupling in higher-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theories, the largest (diagonal) entry of Yukawa matrices is always of $\\mathcal O(1)$. In this paper, we propose a way to induce an absolutely tiny global factor of Yukawa matrices. In two SYM theories defined in different dimensional spacetime, their bifundamental representations must be localized as a point in some directions. Overlaps of such point-like localized wavefunctions and Gaussian zero-modes give a global factor of Yukawa matrices, and it can be a strong suppression factor or a usual $\\mathcal O(1)$ factor, corresponding to their distance. Our numerical analysis shows that it is possibl...

  17. Effect of the toroidal magnetic field on the runaway instability of relativistic tori

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hamerský, Jaroslav; Karas, Vladimír

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 555, July (2013), A32/1-A32/8. ISSN 0004-6361 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC13-00070J Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : accretion * accretion disks * black hole physics Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.479, year: 2013

  18. Triggered oscillations and destruction of magnetized relativistic tori in 2D

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hamerský, Jaroslav; Karas, Vladimír

    Opava: Silesian University, 2014 - (Stuchlík, Z.), s. 107-114. (Publications of the Institute of Physics. 7). ISBN 9788075101266. ISSN 2336-5668. [RAGtime /14.-16./. Opava (CZ), 18.09.2012-22.09.2012] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC13-00070J Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : accretion discs * black hole physics Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  19. Kinetic theory of equilibrium axisymmetric collisionless plasmas in off-equatorial tori around compact objects

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cremaschini, C.; Kovář, J.; Slaný, P.; Stuchlík, Z.; Karas, Vladimír

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 209, č. 15 (2013), s. 1-12. ISSN 0067-0049 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC13-00070J Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : accretion * gravitation * black holes Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 14.137, year: 2013

  20. Integrated-blanket-coil (IBC) concept applied to the OH-coil for spherical tori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This concept combines blanket and coil functions into a single component. The objectives of the concept are to: (1) provide design options, (2) simplify overall configuration, (3) enhance compactness, and (4) reduce costs. Some drawings of the system are given

  1. An X-ray spectral model for clumpy tori in active galactic nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Yuan; Li, Xiaobo, E-mail: liuyuan@ihep.ac.cn, E-mail: lixb@ihep.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918-3, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2014-05-20

    We construct an X-ray spectral model for the clumpy torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) using Geant4, which includes the physical processes of the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, Rayleigh scattering, γ conversion, fluorescence line, and Auger process. Since the electrons in the torus are expected to be bounded instead of free, the deviation of the scattering cross section from the Klein-Nishina cross section has also been included, which changes the X-ray spectra by up to 25% below 10 keV. We have investigated the effect of the clumpiness parameters on the reflection spectra and the strength of the fluorescent line Fe Kα. The volume filling factor of the clouds in the clumpy torus only slightly influences the reflection spectra, however, the total column density and the number of clouds along the line of sight significantly change the shapes and amplitudes of the reflection spectra. The effect of column density is similar to the case of a smooth torus, while a small number of clouds along the line of sight will smooth out the anisotropy of the reflection spectra and the fluorescent line Fe Kα. The smoothing effect is mild in the low column density case (N {sub H} = 10{sup 23} cm{sup –2}), whereas it is much more evident in the high column density case (N {sub H} = 10{sup 25} cm{sup –2}). Our model provides a quantitative tool for the spectral analysis of the clumpy torus. We suggest that the joint fits of the broad band spectral energy distributions of AGNs (from X-ray to infrared) should better constrain the structure of the torus.

  2. An X-ray spectral model for clumpy tori in active galactic nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yuan

    2014-01-01

    We construct an X-ray spectral model for the clumpy torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) using Geant4, which includes the physical processes of the photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, Rayleigh scattering, $\\gamma$ conversion, fluorescence line, and Auger process. Since the electrons in the torus are expected to be bounded instead of free, the deviation of the scattering cross section from the Klein-Nishina cross section has also been included, which changes the X-ray spectra by up to 25% below $10$ keV. We have investigated the effect of the clumpiness parameters on the reflection spectra and the strength of the fluorescent line Fe K$\\alpha$. The volume filling factor of the clouds in the clumpy torus only slightly influences the reflection spectra, however, the total column density and the number of clouds along the line of sight significantly change the shapes and amplitudes of the reflection spectra. The effect of column density is similar to the case of a smooth torus, while a small number of c...

  3. Indikátory změn půdní biodiverzity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rusek, Josef

    první. Praha : Academia, 2005 - (Vačkář, D.), s. 249-261 ISBN 80-200-1386-5 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : biodiversity of soil organisms * biodiversity monitoring in soils * monitoring network Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  4. Daniel Adam z Veleslavína a jeho nomenklátory

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černá, Alena M.

    Praha: Karolinum, 2012 - (Čmejrková, S.; Hoffmannová, J.; Klímová, J.), s. 201-206 ISBN 978-80-246-2121-0. [Čeština v pohledu synchronním a diachronním. Praha (CZ), 01.06.2011-03.06.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/10/1140 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : Humanistic Czech * Daniel Adam of Veleslavin * vocabulary Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  5. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. II. Choice of tori and initial conditions for multidimensional systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The formulation of a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method, presented in the preceding paper for two-dimensional systems, is generalized to multidimensional systems. The method is shown to produce accurate semiclassical eigenvalues for the realistic polynomial potential describing SO2 as well as for model potentials for other multidimensional systems. The results are compared with semiclassical results obtained with use of other methods

  6. Semiclassical quantization via adiabatic switching. II. Choice of tori and initial conditions for multidimensional systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saini, S.; Zakrzewski, J.; Taylor, H.S.

    1988-10-15

    The formulation of a general strategy for implementing semiclassical quantization using the adiabatic-switching method, presented in the preceding paper for two-dimensional systems, is generalized to multidimensional systems. The method is shown to produce accurate semiclassical eigenvalues for the realistic polynomial potential describing SO/sub 2/ as well as for model potentials for other multidimensional systems. The results are compared with semiclassical results obtained with use of other methods.

  7. The Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants of finite order mapping tori I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard Andersen, Jørgen

    polynomial in the level $k$, weighted by a complex phase, which is $k$ times the Chern-Simons invariant corresponding to the component. We express the coefficients of these polynomials in terms of cohomological pairings on the fixed point set of the moduli space of flat connections on the surface. We...... explicitly describe the fixed point set in terms of moduli spaces of the quotient orbifold Riemann surface and for the smooth components we express the aforementioned coefficients in terms of the known generators of the cohomology ring. We provide an explicit formula in terms of the Seifert invariants of the...

  8. String theory flux vacua on twisted tori and generalized complex geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis is devoted to the study of flux vacua of string theory, with the ten-dimensional space-time split into a four-dimensional maximally symmetric space-time, and a six-dimensional internal manifold M, taken to be a solv-manifold (twisted torus). Such vacua are of particular interest when trying to relate string theory to supersymmetric (SUSY) extensions of the standard model of particles, or to cosmological models. For SUSY solutions of type II supergravities, allowing for fluxes on M helps to solve the moduli problem. Then, a broader class of manifolds than just the Calabi-Yau can be considered for M, and a general characterization is given in terms of Generalized Complex Geometry: M has to be a Generalized Calabi-Yau (GCY). A subclass of solv-manifolds have been proven to be GCY, so we look for solutions with such M. To do so, we use an algorithmic resolution method. Then we focus on specific new solutions: those admitting an intermediate SU(2) structure. A transformation named the twist is then discussed. It relates solutions on torus to solutions on solv-manifolds. Working out constraints on the twist to generate solutions, we can relate known solutions, and find a new one. We also use the twist to relate flux vacua of heterotic string. Finally we consider ten-dimensional de Sitter solutions. Looking for such solutions is difficult, because of several problems among which the breaking of SUSY. We propose an Ansatz for SUSY breaking sources which helps to overcome these difficulties. We give an explicit solution on a solv-manifold, and discuss partially its four-dimensional stability. (author)

  9. Changes in carbon dioxide emissions and LMDI-based impact factor decomposition:the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region as a case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li ZHANG; Jun LEI; Xuan ZHOU; XiaoLei ZHANG; Wen DONG; Yu YANG

    2014-01-01

    Studies on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at provincial level can provide a scientific basis for the op-timal use of energy and the formulation of CO2 reduction policies. We studied the variation of CO2 emissions of primary energy consumption and its influencing factors based on data in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region from 1952 to 2008, which were calculated according to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inven-tories. Xinjiang’s CO2 emission process from 1952 to 2008 could be divided into five stages according to the growth rates of total amount of CO2 emissions and CO2 emission intensity. The impact factors were quantitatively analyzed using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method in each stage. Various factors, including government policies and technological progress related to the role of CO2 emissions, were comprehensively analyzed, and the internal relationships among various factors were clarified. The results show that the contribution rates of various impact factors are different in each stage. Overall, economic growth and energy consumption intensity were the main driving factors for CO2 emissions. Since the implementation of the birth control policy, the driving force of population growth on the increase in CO2 emissions has slowly weakened. The energy consumption intensity was further af-fected by the industrial structure and energy consumption intensity of primary, secondary and tertiary industries, with the energy consumption intensity of the secondary industries and the proportion of secondary industries being the most important factors affecting the energy consumption intensity. Governmental policies and technological progress were also important factors that affected CO2 emissions.

  10. How consistent are top-down hydrocarbon emissions based on formaldehyde observations from GOME-2 and OMI?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stavrakou, T. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Muller, J. F. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Bauwens, M. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); De Smedt, I. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Van Roozendael, M. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); De Maziere, M. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Vigouroux, C. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); Hendrick, F. [Belgium Inst. for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium); George, M. [UPMC Univ., Paris (France); Clerbaux, C. [UPMC Univ., Paris (France); Free University of Brussels (Germany); Coheur, P-F [Free University of Brussels (Germany); Guenther, Alex B. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-10-26

    The vertical columns of formaldehyde (HCHO) retrieved from two satellite instruments, the Global Ozone Monitoring Instrument-2 (GOME-2) on Metop-A and the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on Aura, are used to constrain global emissions of HCHO precursors from open fires, vegetation and human activities in the year 2010. To this end, the emissions are varied and optimized using the ad-joint model technique in the IMAGESv2 global CTM (chem-ical transport model) on a monthly basis and at the model res-olution. Given the different local overpass times of GOME- 2 (09:30 LT) and OMI (13:30 LT), the simulated diurnal cy-cle of HCHO columns is investigated and evaluated against ground-based optical measurements at seven sites in Europe, China and Africa. The modeled diurnal cycle exhibits large variability, reflecting competition between photochemistry and emission variations, with noon or early afternoon max-ima at remote locations (oceans) and in regions dominated by anthropogenic emissions, late afternoon or evening max-ima over fire scenes, and midday minima in isoprene-rich re-gions. The agreement between simulated and ground-based columns is generally better in summer (with a clear after-noon maximum at mid-latitude sites) than in winter, and the annually averaged ratio of afternoon to morning columns is slightly higher in the model (1.126) than in the ground-based measurements (1.043).The anthropogenic VOC (volatile organic compound) sources are found to be weakly constrained by the inversions on the global scale, mainly owing to their generally minor contribution to the HCHO columns, except over strongly pol-luted regions, like China. The OMI-based inversion yields total flux estimates over China close to the bottom-up inven-tory (24.6 vs. 25.5 TgVOC yr-1 in the a priori) with, how-ever, pronounced increases in the northeast of China and re-ductions in the south. Lower fluxes are estimated based on GOME-2 HCHO columns (20.6 TgVOC yr-1), in

  11. Dynamic visualization of spatio-temporal trajectory based on HTML5%基于 HTML5的时空轨迹动态可视化方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑庆; 韩勇; 张小垒; 郭建; 陈戈

    2015-01-01

    对 HTML5关键技术进行研究,利用 Cat-mull 曲线插值算法对大规模时空轨迹进行渐进式平滑插值,提出一种 B/S 架构下基于 HTML5的时空轨迹动态可视化方法。通过 HTML5 Canvas、WebSocket 和粒子系统实现矢量数据的分层绘制、时空轨迹数据的实时快速传输和可视化模拟,具有跨平台、免插件、易维护等特点,为网络环境下时空轨迹数据的免插件动态可视化仿真提供一种技术方法。利用实际公交轨迹数据验证了该方法的可行性与实用性。%Researching the key technology of HTML5,and progressive smooth interpolation was made for spatio-temporal trajec-tory using Cat-mull curve interpolation algorithm,a spatio-temporal trajectory dynamic visualization method was proposed based on HTML5 under B/S architecture.HTML5 Canvas,WebSocket,and particle system were used to achieve layered rendering of vector data,fast real-time transmission of spatio-temporal trajectory data and visualization simulation.The method is characte-rized by cross-platform,free plug-in,easy maintenance.It provides a new technical approach for spatial and temporal trajectory data free plug-in dynamic visual simulation in the network environment.The feasibility and practicality of the proposed method are verified using real bus trajectory data.

  12. Metabolism of apolipoproteins C-II, C-III, and B in hypertriglyceridemic men. Changes after heparin-induced lipolysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The C apolipoproteins are normally transferred to high density lipoproteins (HDL) after lipolysis of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride. In previous studies, a loss of plasma C apolipoproteins was documented after heparin-induced lipolysis in hypertriglyceridemic subjects. The present studies were designed to determine if this decline in plasma C apolipoproteins was due to their clearance with VLDL remnants. Five Type IV hypertriglyceridemic and two normal subjects were injected with 125I-VLDL and 131I-low density lipoproteins (LDL) to document kinetically an excess of VLDL apolipoprotein (apo) B flux relative to LDL apo B flux in the Type IV subjects. A mean of 46% VLDL apo B was cleared from the circulation, without conversion to intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) or LDL. Heparin was then infused (9000 IU over 4 hours) to generate an excess of VLDL remnants that were not converted to IDL or LDL. VLDL triglyceride, apo B, and apo C concentrations fell at a similar rate. VLDL apo B declined by 42% (p less than 0.01). However, no increases were observed in IDL or LDL apo B in the Type IV subjects. This resulted in a 14% (p less than 0.01) decline in plasma apo B concentrations, indicating a clearance of VLDL remnants. VLDL apo C-II and C-III concentrations fell by 42% (p less than 0.025) and 52% (p less than 0.01), respectively. During the first 2.5 hours of infusion, they were almost quantitatively recovered in HDL. Thereafter, the C apolipoproteins declined in HDL during which time VLDL apo C concentrations continued to decline

  13. Metabolism of apolipoproteins C-II, C-III, and B in hypertriglyceridemic men. Changes after heparin-induced lipolysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huff, M.W.; Breckenridge, W.C.; Strong, W.L.; Wolfe, B.M.

    1988-09-01

    The C apolipoproteins are normally transferred to high density lipoproteins (HDL) after lipolysis of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglyceride. In previous studies, a loss of plasma C apolipoproteins was documented after heparin-induced lipolysis in hypertriglyceridemic subjects. The present studies were designed to determine if this decline in plasma C apolipoproteins was due to their clearance with VLDL remnants. Five Type IV hypertriglyceridemic and two normal subjects were injected with 125I-VLDL and 131I-low density lipoproteins (LDL) to document kinetically an excess of VLDL apolipoprotein (apo) B flux relative to LDL apo B flux in the Type IV subjects. A mean of 46% VLDL apo B was cleared from the circulation, without conversion to intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) or LDL. Heparin was then infused (9000 IU over 4 hours) to generate an excess of VLDL remnants that were not converted to IDL or LDL. VLDL triglyceride, apo B, and apo C concentrations fell at a similar rate. VLDL apo B declined by 42% (p less than 0.01). However, no increases were observed in IDL or LDL apo B in the Type IV subjects. This resulted in a 14% (p less than 0.01) decline in plasma apo B concentrations, indicating a clearance of VLDL remnants. VLDL apo C-II and C-III concentrations fell by 42% (p less than 0.025) and 52% (p less than 0.01), respectively. During the first 2.5 hours of infusion, they were almost quantitatively recovered in HDL. Thereafter, the C apolipoproteins declined in HDL during which time VLDL apo C concentrations continued to decline.

  14. Minimal residual disease-based risk stratification in Chinese childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia by flow cytometry and plasma DNA quantitative polymerase chain reaction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suk Hang Cheng

    Full Text Available Minimal residual disease, or MRD, is an important prognostic indicator in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In ALL-IC-BFM 2002 study, we employed a standardized method of flow cytometry MRD monitoring for multiple centers internationally using uniformed gating, and determined the relevant MRD-based risk stratification strategies in our local patient cohort. We also evaluated a novel method of PCR MRD quantitation using peripheral blood plasma. For the bone marrow flow MRD study, patients could be stratified into 3 risk groups according to MRD level using a single time-point at day-15 (Model I (I-A: 10%, or using two time-points at day-15 and day-33 (Model II (II-A: day-15<10% and day-33<0.01%, II-B: day-15 ≥ 10% or day-33 ≥ 0.01% but not both, II-C: day-15 ≥ 10% and day-33 ≥ 0.01%, which showed significantly superior prediction of relapse (p = .00047 and <0.0001 respectively. Importantly, patients with good outcome (frequency: 56.0%, event-free survival: 90.1% could be more accurately predicted by Model II. In peripheral blood plasma PCR MRD investigation, patients with day-15-MRD ≥ 10(-4 were at a significantly higher risk of relapse (p = 0.0117. By multivariate analysis, MRD results from both methods could independently predict patients' prognosis, with 20-35-fold increase in risk of relapse for flow MRD I-C and II-C respectively, and 5.8-fold for patients having plasma MRD of ≥ 10(-4. We confirmed that MRD detection by flow cytometry is useful for prognostic evaluation in our Chinese cohort of childhood ALL after treatment. Moreover, peripheral blood plasma DNA MRD can be an alternative where bone marrow specimen is unavailable and as a less invasive method, which allows close monitoring.

  15. Synthesis and X-ray structure analysis of a new binuclear Schiff base Co(II) complex with the ligand N,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-butanediamine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The title binuclear complex, tris[N,N-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane] dicobalt(II), C60H70Co2N6O15, was prepared by the reaction of the tetradentate Schiff base ligand bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane and Co(CH3COO)2 . 4H2O in a ethanol solution and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This complex has a dinuclear structure where two Co(II) ions are bridged by one N0,N'-bis(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,4-diaminobutane. The two Co(II) ions, have two distorted octahedral coordination involving two O and two N atoms.

  16. Nonequilibrium phase transitions and bifurcations of limit cycles and tori- a new research topic for statistical mechanics mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the development of statistical mechanics we can more or less distinguish between two steps. First of all the main objective of statistical mechanics had been to give thermodynamics a solid theoretical basis starting from the microscopic world. The next step has then been performed in parallel with the development of irreversible thermodynamics dealing with processes close to thermal equilibrium. The problems dealt with here are mainly transport and relaxation processes. Over the past years it has become apparent that there is a third field, namely processes far away from thermal equilibrium. The particular interest in those processes stems from the fact that in such situations order can be generated on a macroscopic scale. The ordered states can be maintained by a flux of energy or matter through, these systems. In the realm of synergetjcs we have studied numerous examples and we now know that the occurrence of many of the ordered structures is governed by the same basic principles. (author)

  17. Quiver matrix mechanics for IIB string theory II: generic dual tori, fractional matrix membrane and SL(2,Z) duality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Jian; Wu, Yong-Shi

    2005-02-01

    With the deconstruction technique, the geometric information of a torus can be encoded in a sequence of orbifolds. By studying the matrix theory on these orbifolds as quiver mechanics, we present a formulation that (de)constructs the torus of generic shape on which matrix theory is "compactified". The continuum limit of the quiver mechanics gives rise to a (1 + 2)-dimensional SYM. A hidden (fourth) dimension, that was introduced before in the matrix theory literature to argue for the electric-magnetic duality, can be easily identified in our formalism. We construct membrane wrapping states rigorously in terms of Dunford calculus in the context of matrix regularization. Unwanted degeneracy in the spectrum of the wrapping states is eliminated by using SL(2,Z) symmetry and the relations to the FD-string bound states. The dual IIB circle emerges in the continuum limit, constituting a critical evidence for IIB/M duality.

  18. Vybrané fyzikální parametry jako indikátory kvality půdy

    OpenAIRE

    KRATOCHVÍLOVÁ, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    In bachelor thesis "Selected physical parameters as indicators of soil quality" we aimed at soil physical properties in Luvi-HaplicChernozem (locality Praha-Ruzyně) and Haplic Cambisol (localities Vatín and Svárov). We followed texture, density, bulk density, porosity, micro and macro aggregates composition, and stability of aggregates. Also content and quality of soil humic substances was determined. Obtained results showed that there is a linear correlation between clay particles content an...

  19. A relation between the right triangle and circular tori with constant mean curvature in the unit 3-sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdênago Barros

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this note we will show that the inverse image under the stereographic projection of a circular torus of revolution in the 3-dimensional euclidean space has constant mean curvature in the unit 3-sphere if and only if their radii are the catet and the hypotenuse of an appropriate right triangle.Neste artigo mostraremos que a imagem inversa pela projeção estereográfica de um toro circular de revolução no espaço euclidiano de dimensão 3 tem curvatura média constante se e somente se os seus raios são o cateto e a hipotenusa de um triângulo retângulo apropriado.

  20. C$*$-extensions of tori, higher Chow groups and applications to incidence equivalence relations for algebraic cycles

    CERN Document Server

    Müller-Stach, S J

    1995-01-01

    Let X be a smooth projective variety of dimension n. We repeat Bloch4s construction of a biextension {\\bf E} over the Chow groups of homologically trivial cycles of codimensions p and n+1-p. In characteristic zero we prove that {\\bf E} is the pullback of the Poincare biextension over the corresponding product of intermediate Jacobians. Using this we study various equivalence relations for algebraic cycles and finally give a new proof of a result of Murre, which states that Griffiths4 conjecture holds for codimension two cycles.

  1. Effects of magnetic field on the runaway instability of relativistic accretion tori near a rotating black hole

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Karas, Vladimír; Hamerský, Jaroslav

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014 - (Sjouwerman, L.), s. 424-426. (IAU Symposium Proceedings Series. 303). ISBN 9781107044616. ISSN 1743-9213. [Symposium of the International Astronomical Union /303./. Santa Fe (US), 30.09.2013-04.10.2013] Grant ostatní: UK(CZ) SVV-26089 Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : accretion discs * gravitation * black hole physics Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  2. Binomul distanţă - timp în transportul feroviar de călători

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Gabriel Ghiţuleasa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Railways confronted substantial challenges through last years and made major progress in addressing them. Also, the European Commission identified some concrete priorities between 2011 and 2012, priorities that boost growth, including increasing investment in transport and infrastructures. Therefore, European Union transport policies aim at fostering a clean, safe and efficient travel throughout Europe, underpinning the right of citizens to travel freely throughout the EU. With arguments about access, competitivity, responsability, sustainability and security partly unresolved, this article presents that the concepts has been around for some time and has gradually been applied to existing railway transportation. We must see those rail services and infrastructure that there sits empty, slowly deteriorating in some EU member states, because railways brings us great benefits, but also great responsabilities.

  3. Production and Development of LRCO‘s Silica Bricks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAXianghong; LIZhenmin; 等

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews the history of development and production of silica bricks at Luoyang Refrac-tories(Group) Co.,Ltd,(Former Luoyang Refrac-tories Factory). Through the improvement and in-troducing technology from abroad the company's management and quality standard on silica bricks production has reached a higher level.The physical and chemical specifications,as well as the appear-ance of silica bricks for coke ovens,hot blast stoves and glass kilns have reached the advanced interna-tional level.Now the company has become producing base and main exporting base various kinds of silica bricks in China.

  4. Touch BASE

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    In a recent Nature article (see here), the BASE collaboration reported the most precise comparison of the charge-to-mass ratio of the proton to its antimatter equivalent, the antiproton. This result is just the beginning and many more challenges lie ahead.   CERN's AD Hall, where the BASE experiment is set-up. The Baryon Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment (BASE) was approved in June 2013 and was ready to take data in August 2014. During these 14 months, the BASE collaboration worked hard to set up its four cryogenic Penning traps, which are the heart of the whole experiment. As their name indicates, these magnetic devices are used to trap antiparticles – antiprotons coming from the Antiproton Decelerator – and particles of matter – negative hydrogen ions produced in the system by interaction with a degrader that slows the antiprotons down, allowing scientists to perform their measurements. “We had very little time to set up the wh...

  5. Monetary base

    OpenAIRE

    Richard G. Anderson

    2006-01-01

    This brief essay is a working draft of an article in preparation for the forthcoming International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 2nd ed., examining the role of the monetary base in monetary economics and monetary policymaking. Comments are welcome.

  6. 一种基于历史事件的多维星座快照模型%A Multi-dimension Constellation Snapshot Spatio-temporal Data Model Based on Historical Events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴红; 于宁; 常子冠

    2014-01-01

    To support the studies of urban evolution and development about urban form and spatial structure , the data expression of the characteristics of urban form and spatial structure is a basis .The characteristics are based on some typical events during ur-ban development as the tangible footprints carved on regional space .As an important tool to express information of history , geog-raphy and culture , the spatio-temporal data model can completely express time , space and semantic feature of the objective world . The typical events of Beijing during urban development are extracted .A multi-dimension constellation snapshot data model is presented to study the facts and characteristics of spatio-temporal data based on the historical events .This model based on rela-tional frameworks synthesizes the traits of multi-dimension constellation model and snapshot data model to express features of his -tory and geography at different stages in Beijing .It offers a conceptual representation for dataware model for spatio-temporal data integration and analysis of spatial features .%城市发展进程中典型事件下的城市形态和空间结构诸方面特征,是城市历史文化演变在地域空间上留刻的有形足迹,它的数据表达能够对城市演变和发展研究形成基础和有效支持。时空数据模型因其能够完整表达客观世界时间、空间和特征语义,是重要的历史、地理和文化信息描述工具。以北京为背景,提取城市发展过程中典型历史事件,研究其下的时空数据事实和特征,提出基于历史事件的多维星座快照模型。该模型综合多维星座模型和时间快照模型的特点,以关系模型为主题框架,表达北京各时期历史和地理特征,为建立时空数据集成和城市空间特征分析的数据仓库模型提供概念表示。

  7. Web based foundry knowledge base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stawowy

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The main assumptions and functions of proposed Foundry Knowledge Base (FKB are presented in this paper. FKB is a framework forinformation exchange of casting products and manufacturing methods. We use CMS (Content Management System to develope andmaintain our web-based system. The CastML – XML dialect developed by authors for description of casting products and processes – isused as a tool for information interchange between ours and outside systems, while SQL is used to store and edit knowledge rules and alsoto solve the basic selection problems in the rule-based module. Besides the standard functions (companies data, news, events, forums and media kit, our website contains a number of nonstandard functions; the intelligent search module based on expert system is the main advantage of our solution. FKB is to be a social portal which content will be developed by foundry community.

  8. Drug: D07493 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TORY SYSTEM R06 ANTIHISTAMINES FOR SYSTEMIC USE R06A ANTIHISTAMINES FOR SYSTEMIC USE R06AX Other antihista...mines for systemic use R06AX01 Bamipine D07493 Bamipine lactate Target-based classi

  9. Status Quo of Drug Supervision in China(Part Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ⅲ. Policies and Measures Concerning Drug Safety SupervisionBased on its national conditions and learning from international advanced ex-perience, China has formulated policies and measures concerning the improve-merit of drug safety, effectiveness and quality control, and established a regula-tory system covering research, produc-tion, distribution and use of drugs.

  10. Torus mapper: a code for dynamical models of galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Binney, James

    2015-01-01

    We present a freely downloadable software package for modelling the dynamics of galaxies, which we call the Torus Mapper (TM). The package is based around `torus mapping', which is a non-perturbative technique for creating orbital tori for specified values of the action integrals. Given an orbital torus and a star's position at a reference time, one can compute its position at any other time, no matter how remote. One can also compute the velocities with which the star will pass through any given point and the contribution it will make to the time-averaged density there. A system of angle-action coordinates for the given potential can be created by foliating phase space with orbital tori. Such a foliation is facilitated by the ability of TM to create tori by interpolating on a grid of tori. We summarise the advantages of using TM rather than a standard time-stepper to create orbits, and give segments of code that illustrate applications of TM in several contexts, including setting up initial conditions for an...

  11. Design of image codec based on Bandelet transform using a NIOS II processor Diseño de un codec de imágenes basado en la transformada Bandelet utilizando un procesador NIOSII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime-Andres Arteaga

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design and implementation of a compression system for grayscale images based on the Bandelet transform. The basis functions of the Bandelet transform are constructed as a set of vectors that indicate the directions in which the image has regular variations of gray. The compression system was designed as a SoPC and was composed of a NIOSII processor with a Cyclone IIEP2C70, a touch-panel, and a SD-Card, using 13% of the logic elements and 27% of the memory bits of the FPGA. The Wavelet filters were accelerated in hardware with NIOS II C2H Compiler, obtaining an execution time reduction of 8.8%. Experimental results show that Bandelet compression has an improvement of up to 2 dB over a Wavelet compression when the image has geometric components with high contrast.Este trabajo presenta el diseño e implementación de un codec de imágenes en escalas de gris basado en la transformada Bandelet. Las funciones base para la transformada Bandelet se implementan a partir de vectores de flujo geométrico que indican la dirección en la que una región de la imagen tiene variaciones regulares de los niveles de gris. El codec se diseñó como un sistema SoPC con un procesador NIOS II embebido en el FPGA Cyclone II EP2C70, con una pantalla táctil, y una SD-Card, usando el 13% de elementos lógicos y el 27% de bits de memoria del FPGA. Los filtros Wavelet fueron acelerados en hardware con NIOS II C2H Compiler, logrando una reducción en el tiempo de ejecución del 8,8%. Las pruebas realizadas muestran que la compresión con funciones Bandelet llega a ser hasta 2 dB superior a la compresión realizada con funciones Wavelet 2D cuando la imagen tiene componentes geométricos con alto contraste.

  12. Foundation: Transforming data bases into knowledge bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purves, R. B.; Carnes, James R.; Cutts, Dannie E.

    1987-01-01

    One approach to transforming information stored in relational data bases into knowledge based representations and back again is described. This system, called Foundation, allows knowledge bases to take advantage of vast amounts of pre-existing data. A benefit of this approach is inspection, and even population, of data bases through an intelligent knowledge-based front-end.

  13. Endovascular Therapy for Femoropopliteal Artery Disease and Association of Risk Factors With Primary Patency: The Implication of Critical Limb Ischemia and TASC II C/D Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishibe, Toshiya; Yamamoto, Kiyohito; Seike, Yoshimasa; Ogino, Hitoshi; Nishibe, Masayasu; Koizumi, Jun; Dardik, Alan

    2015-11-01

    The treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease remains controversial, without clear guidelines specifying the indications for endovascular therapy (EVT). Accordingly, we retrospectively examined our experience of using EVT to treat femoropopliteal artery disease. A total of 91 limbs in 82 patients underwent EVT for the treatment of femoropopliteal artery disease. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty alone was performed in 20 limbs, and additional stenting was performed in 71 limbs. The 1-year primary patency, primary-assisted patency, limb salvage, and survival rates were 76%, 88%, 96%, and 92%, respectively. Multivariate Cox analysis of primary patency showed that critical limb ischemia (CLI; hazard ratio [HR], 2.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-5.33; P EVT for femoropopliteal artery disease. PMID:26574486

  14. Synthesis, crystal structure and electrical properties of N,N-dimethylanilinium trichloridostannate (II): (C8H12N)SnCl3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chouaib, H.; Kamoun, S.; Costa, L. C.; Graça, M. P. F.

    2015-12-01

    A new (C8H12N)SnCl3 crystal of the general formula AMX3 was grown by soft chemistry method. X-ray study shows that the crystal crystallized in a monoclinic system with the space group P21/a. The structure was solved by Patterson method and refined to a final value of R = 0.0304 for 1157 independent observed reflections. The cohesion and the stability of the atomic arrangement result from the N-H … Cl hydrogen bonds between (C8H12N)+ cations and isolated (SnCl3)- anions. At high temperature this compound exhibits a structural phase transition at 340 K. This transition has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetric and impedance spectroscopy. The impedance data were well fitted to an Rp//CPE equivalent electrical circuit model. The close values of activation energies, obtained from the thermal behavior of the conductivity and the relaxation time confirm the presence of a hopping transport mechanism.

  15. SIMMER II analysis of the CAMEL II C6 and C7 experiments (simulated fuel penetration into a primary control assembly)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CAMEL C6 and C7 tests, performed at Argonne National Laboratory, simulated asymmetric midplane fuel injection into a nonvoided fully withdrawn primary control assembly during the meltdown phase of a hypothetical core-disruptive accident in a liquid-metal-cooled fast breeder reactor. These tests were modeled with no a priori knowledge of the experimental results using the SIMMER-II code. Subsequent comparison of calculations with experimental results showed good agreement. 21 figures, 3 tables

  16. Isolation of genetic suppressor elements, inducing resistance to topoisomerase II-interactive cytotoxic drugs, from human topoisomerase II cDNA.

    OpenAIRE

    Gudkov, A V; Zelnick, C R; Kazarov, A R; Thimmapaya, R; Suttle, D P; Beck, W T; Roninson, I B

    1993-01-01

    Many cytotoxic anticancer drugs act at topoisomerase II (topo II) by stabilizing cleavable complexes with DNA formed by this enzyme. Several cell lines, selected for resistance to topo II-interactive drugs, show decreased expression or activity of topo II, suggesting that such a decrease may be responsible for drug resistance. In the present study, etoposide resistance was used as the selection strategy to isolate genetic suppressor elements (GSEs) from a retroviral library expressing random ...

  17. Insights from computational analysis of full-length β-ketoacyl-[ACP] synthase-II cDNA isolated from American and African oil palms

    OpenAIRE

    Bhore, Subhash J.; Cha, Thye S.; Amelia, Kassim; Shah, Farida H

    2014-01-01

    Background: Palm oil derived from fruits (mesocarp) of African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Tenera) and American oil palm (E. oleifera) is important for food industry. Due to high yield, Elaeis guineensis (Tenera) is cultivated on commercial scale, though its oil contains high (~54%) level of saturated fatty acids. The rate-limiting activity of beta-ketoacyl-[ACP] synthase-II (KAS-II) is considered mainly responsible for the high (44%) level of palmitic acid (C16:0) in the oil obtained f...

  18. An English Learning Platform for Kids Based on Arousing - interest and its Practice%基于兴趣激发的幼儿英语学习平台的研究与实践--以湖南省内幼儿园为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常笑

    2015-01-01

    近年来我国幼儿英语教育蓬勃兴起,然而幼儿英语教育现状不尽人意,其中一个重要的原因是幼儿学习英语的兴趣不高。而兴趣是最好的老师,可见,幼儿英语教学的首要目标应是培养幼儿英语学习的兴趣。本研究采用问卷调查法、访谈法对湖南省长沙市、汨罗市和永州市的十二所幼儿园教师、学生和家长三个层面进行调查,分析幼儿英语学习的现状,探索影响幼儿英语学习兴趣的主要因子,研究激发幼儿英语学习兴趣的有效路径。研究发现:提升教师的形象,注重教师的性格、态度,丰富教学内容,采用现代的教学手段、教学方式,外教、家长的参与以及学生的自信心和对成败的正确归因都是激发幼儿英语学习兴趣的关键。%There springs up a tide of English education for kids in China,but its situation is less than satisfac-tory owing to an important factor of kids' inactive learning interest. Obviously,the first job to do is to arouse kids' English learning interest as it is the best teacher. This paper introduces,based on investigation among English teachers,kids and parents of 12 kindergartens in Changsha,Miluo and Yongzhou,Hunan Province,by question-naire and interviewing,the analysis of its present situation,exploration of affecting factors,and some effective methods for arousing interest. The results show,promoting teachers'image and laying emphasis on their personality and manners,abounding the contents of courses,adopting modern teaching methods and approaches,participating with foreign teachers and parents,and kids' self - confidence and correct attitudes towards success or failure,will be significant to arouse kids' learning interest.

  19. INVOLUTIVE BASES UNDER COMPOSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zailiang TANG

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, the behaviors of involutive bases under composition operation are studied.For two kinds of involutive bases, i.e., Pommaret bases, Janet bases, we study their behavior problems under composition. Some further problems are also proposed.

  20. Automatický systém podporující operátory složitých procesů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kárný, Miroslav; Nedoma, Petr; Guy, Tatiana Valentine; Knížek, Jiří; Nagy, Ivan

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 3 (2003), s. 177-179. ISSN 0005-125X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA102/03/0049; GA AV ČR IBS1075102 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1075907 Keywords : management of complex processes * operator support * probabilistic clustering Subject RIV: BC - Control System s Theory http://library.utia.cas.cz/prace/20030045.doc

  1. X-ray Spectral Model of Reprocessing by Smooth and Clumpy Molecular Tori in Active Galactic Nuclei with the MONACO framework

    CERN Document Server

    Furui, Shun'ya; Odaka, Hirokazu; Kawaguchi, Toshihiro; Ohno, Masanori; Hayashi, Kazuma

    2016-01-01

    We construct an X-ray spectral model of reprocessing by a torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) with a Monte Carlo simulation framework MONACO. Two torus geometries of smooth and clumpy cases are considered and compared. In order to reproduce a Compton shoulder accurately, MONACO includes not only free electron scattering but also bound electron scattering. Raman and Reyleigh scattering are also treated, and scattering cross sections dependent on chemical states of hydrogen and helium are included. Doppler broadening by turbulence velocity can be implemented. Our model gives consistent results with other available models, such as MYTorus, except for differences due to different physical parameters and assumptions. We studied the dependence on torus parameters for Compton shoulder, and found that a intensity ratio of Compton shoulder to line core mainly depends on the column density, inclination angle, and metal abundance. For instance, an increase of metal abundance makes the Compton shoulder relatively w...

  2. PI regulátory s vyváženými akčními zásahy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klán, Petr; Gorez, R.

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 45, č. 2 (2002), s. 90-97. ISSN 0005-125X Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : PI control * control ler design * integral criteria * tuning relations Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information

  3. Imobilizované fotosenzitizátory singletového kyslíku a jejich účinek na mikroorganismy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rychtáriková, Renata; Kuncová, Gabriela

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 103, č. 10 (2009), s. 800-813. ISSN 0009-2770 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA203/06/1244 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40720504 Keywords : photosensitizer * singlet oxygen * reactive oxygen species Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry Impact factor: 0.717, year: 2009

  4. Vizuální kultura a interkulturní střetávání. Gottfried Lindauer mezi Maory a kolonizátory

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kreuzzieger, Milan

    Řevnice: Arbor vitae, 2015 - (Filip, R.; Musil, R.), s. 110-129 ISBN 978-80-7467-081-7 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : visual culture * intercultural encounters * colonization * Maori * painting Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  5. Indikátory pro strategie environmentálního vzdělávání

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dlouhá

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Základní principy environmentálního vzdělávání – nové kvality, které tento typ vzdělávání má přinášet – se promítají i do oblasti posuzování způsobu a míry dosažení cílů takto vymezených. Soubory indikátorů, které jsou v současné době projednávány, jsou zaměřeny na proces získávání znalostí, vytváření žádoucích změn v hodnotovém systému a chování; hodnocení s využitím těchto indikátorů má být v souladu s dynamickou povahou hodnocených jevů. To platí i pro oblast evaluace vzdělávací politiky, jež je realizované pomocí tzv. rámcových indikátorů. Zásady tvorby jsou v následujícím textu doloženy příklady z mezinárodní praxe, přičemž jsou kriticky popsány přednosti i potenciální rizika metod a postupů v současnosti používaných.

  6. Subjektivní indikátory blahobytu: přístupy, měření a data

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Večerník, Jiří

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 60, č. 3 (2012), s. 291-308. ISSN 0032-3233 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP404/11/1521 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : subjective well-being * happiness * life satisfaction Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.722, year: 2012

  7. Postojové konektory/operátory: kontrastivní analýza vybraného vzorku textů

    OpenAIRE

    BROŽOVÁ, Kristýna

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this Master´s thesis is the contrastive analysis of discourse markers on a selected type of texts in Spanish and Czech language. The thesis is divided in two parts theoretical and practical part. Firstly, in the theoretical part of the thesis, is introduced the textual linguistic the field which studies discourse markers. For wholeness, are briefly mentioned all of the seven standards of textuality with profound focus on textual coherence. Other part of the thesis aims on terminolo...

  8. Voda jako bezpečné refugium před predátory u hnízdících kachen

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Benešová, O.; Kreisinger, J.; Javůrková, V.; Albrecht, Tomáš

    Brno: Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, 2008 - (Bryja, J.; Nedvěd, O.; Sedláček, F.; Zukal, J.). s. 26 ISBN 978-80-87189-00-9. [Zoologické dny. 14.02.2008-15.02.2008, České Budějovice] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : Nest predation * mortality * antipredation behaviour Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  9. The News International phone-hacking saga threatens to retoxify the Tory brand. Cameron needs to be ruthless to save his reputation

    OpenAIRE

    Leunig, Tim

    2011-01-01

    David Cameron’s closeness to the News International elite and his hiring of Andy Coulson have posed real and serious problems for the PM as the phone-hacking story continues to unfold. Tim Leunig argues that Cameron needs match Rupert Murdoch’s ruthlessness in taking on the media giant and preventing the scandal from retoxifying the Conservative Party.

  10. High-order schemes for non-ideal $3+1$ GRMHD: a study of the kinematic dynamo process in accretion tori

    CERN Document Server

    Del Zanna, L; Bucciantini, N

    2014-01-01

    We present the first astrophysical application of the ECHO code in its recent version supplemented by a generalized Ohm law, namely a kinematic study of dynamo effects in thick accretion disks. High-order \\emph{implicit-explicit} Runge-Kutta time-stepping routines are implemented and validated within $3+1$ \\emph{General Relativistic MagnetoHydroDynamics} (GRMHD). The scheme is applied to a differentially rotating torus orbiting a Kerr black hole, where the mean-field dynamo process leads to strong amplification of seed magnetic fields. We show that the interplay between the toroidal and poloidal components occurs qualitatively in the same fashion as in the Sun, butterfly diagrams are reproduced, and a typical time-scale for the field evolution is found, depending on the dynamo and resistivity numbers, which could explain periodicities as observed in several accreting systems.

  11. Indikátory rizikového chování v kontextu užívání konopných drog

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Miovský, Michal; Šťastná, L.; Řehan, V.

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 3 (2004), s. 200-205. ISSN 1211-7579 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/02/1449 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : Cannabis * epidemiological indicators * drug use Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  12. Indikátory obav z kriminality v českých sociálněvědních výzkumech

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Moravcová, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 2 (2014), s. 121-141. ISSN 1802-8152 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LM2010012 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : fear of crime * feeling of safety * social research Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences http://dav.soc.cas.cz/issue/21-data-a-vyzkum-2-2014/126

  13. Cenová politika na Internetu se zaměřením na cenové agregátory

    OpenAIRE

    Pešek, Tomáš

    2011-01-01

    The thesis deals with the impact of Internet features on the behavior of both consumers and online retailers aspiring to apply eligible online pricing and business strategies. Price is considered to be one of the most significant marketing policy factors, the importance of which is in highly competitive online market environment, compared to usual brick and mortar stores, noticeably amended. Online price comparison service delivered to public by so called shopbots/pricebots forced the e-shopp...

  14. Phono-somatics: gender, embodiment and voice in the recorded music of Tori Amos, Björk and PJ Harvey

    OpenAIRE

    Boak, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a feminist enquiry into the relationship between gender, embodiment and voice in recorded popular music post-1990. In particular, the study focuses on the term ‘embodiment’ and defines this term in a way that moves forward from a simple understanding of representing the body in music. The expression of embodied subjectivity through the voice is crucial to this interpretation, and therefore is the central concern of this thesis. I describe this relationship between embodiment an...

  15. A dynamic knowledge base based search engine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui-jin; HU Hua; LI Qing

    2005-01-01

    Search engines have greatly helped us to find thedesired information from the Intemet. Most search engines use keywords matching technique. This paper discusses a Dynamic Knowledge Base based Search Engine (DKBSE), which can expand the user's query using the keywords' concept or meaning. To do this, the DKBSE needs to construct and maintain the knowledge base dynamically via the system's searching results and the user's feedback information. The DKBSE expands the user's initial query using the knowledge base, and returns the searched information after the expanded query.

  16. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization. Knowledge capitalization, intellectual capital, obtaining prosperity in the market economy imposes a new terminology, new managerial methods and techniques, new technologies and also new strategies. In other words, knowledge based economy, as a new type of economy; impose a new type of management- knowledge based management and a new type of enterprise-knowledge based enterprise.Taking in consideration these predictable evolutions, this paper will try to present: • The main ideas of the researches the field of the knowledge based economy • The characteristics and principles of the knowledge based organizations and knowledge based management • The challenges and opportunities for knowledge based organizations.The first part of the paper will present the principles of the new economy- knowledge base economy, the essential and interrelated elements necessary to build and to implement a strategy in a knowledge economy and the opportunities and challenges to the countries as they seek to build regionally and globally competitive knowledge-based economies.The second part of the paper will present the characteristics of the knowledge based organizations, the principles and characteristics of their management. For many organizations, knowledge management is a relatively new concept, because they are discovering the knowledge value in their operations. Many firms have undertaken formal and informal knowledge management initiatives designed to improve process performance, increase customer responsiveness and spur innovation. But while some organizations have reaped significant benefits from their investment in knowledge efforts, others have run into noteworthy challenges.

  17. Team-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelsen, Larry K.; Sweet, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Team-based learning (TBL), when properly implemented, includes many, if not all, of the common elements of evidence-based best practices. To explain this, a brief overview of TBL is presented. The authors examine the relationship between the best practices of evidence-based teaching and the principles that constitute team-based learning. (Contains…

  18. Solid Base Catalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Ono, Yoshio

    2011-01-01

    The importance of solid base catalysts has come to be recognized for their environmentally benign qualities, and much significant progress has been made over the past two decades in catalytic materials and solid base-catalyzed reactions. The book is focused on the solid base. Because of the advantages over liquid bases, the use of solid base catalysts in organic synthesis is expanding. Solid bases are easier to dispose than liquid bases, separation and recovery of products, catalysts and solvents are less difficult, and they are non-corrosive. Furthermore, base-catalyzed reactions can be performed without using solvents and even in the gas phase, opening up more possibilities for discovering novel reaction systems. Using numerous examples, the present volume describes the remarkable role solid base catalysis can play, given the ever increasing worldwide importance of "green" chemistry. The reader will obtain an overall view of solid base catalysis and gain insight into the versatility of the reactions to whic...

  19. Case Base Maintenance Approach.

    OpenAIRE

    Haouchine, Mohamed-Karim; Chebel-Morello, Brigitte; Zerhouni, Noureddine

    2007-01-01

    Case base Maintenance is an active Case Based Reasoning research area. The main stream focuses on the method for reducing the size of the case-base while maintaining case-base competence. This paper gives an overview of these works, and proposes a case deletion strategy based on competence criteria using a novel approach. The proposed method, even if inspired from existing literature, combines an algorithm with a Competence Metric (CM). A series of tests are conducted using two standards data...

  20. Knowledge Based Strategies for Knowledge Based Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-01-01

    In the present, we can observe that a new economy is arising. It is an economy based on knowledge and ideas, in which the key factor for prosperity and for creation of the new jobs is the knowledge capitalization. Knowledge capitalization, intellectual capital, obtaining prosperity in the market economy imposes a new terminology, new managerial methods and techniques, new technologies and also new strategies. In other words, knowledge based economy, as a new type of economy; impose a new type...

  1. VectorBase

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — VectorBase is a Bioinformatics Resource Center for invertebrate vectors. It is one of four Bioinformatics Resource Centers funded by NIAID to provide web-based...

  2. Beyond Zero Based Budgeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogden, Daniel M., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    Suggests that the most practical budgeting system for most managers is a formalized combination of incremental and zero-based analysis because little can be learned about most programs from an annual zero-based budget. (Author/IRT)

  3. Mobile Inquiry Based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Specht, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    Specht, M. (2012, 8 November). Mobile Inquiry Based Learning. Presentation given at the Workshop "Mobile inquiry-based learning" at the Mobile Learning Day 2012 at the Fernuniversität Hagen, Hagen, Germany.

  4. Almost periodic solutions for a class of higher dimensional Schr(o)dinger equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiansheng GENG

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we show that there are almost periodic solutions corresponding to full dimensional invariant tori for higher dimensional Schr(o)dinger equations with Fourier multiplier Jut- Δu + Mξu + f(|u|2)u =0, subject to periodic boundary conditions, where the nonlinearity f is a real-analytic function near u = 0 with f(0) = 0. The proof is based on an improved infinite dimensional KAM theorem.

  5. "Education-based Research"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degn Johansson, Troels

    This paper lays out a concept of education-based research-the production of research knowledge within the framework of tertiary design education-as an integration of problem-based learning and research-based education. This leads to a critique of reflective practice as the primary way to facilitate...... learning at this level, a discussion of the nature of design problems in the instrumentalist tradition, and some suggestions as to how design studies curricula may facilitate education-based research....

  6. The ground based plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a report of ''The Ground Based Plan'' of the United Kingdom Science and Engineering Research Council. The ground based plan is a plan for research in astronomy and planetary science by ground based techniques. The contents of the report contains a description of:- the scientific objectives and technical requirements (the basis for the Plan), the present organisation and funding for the ground based programme, the Plan, the main scientific features and the further objectives of the Plan. (U.K.)

  7. Problem Based Learnig

    OpenAIRE

    Kolmos, Anette; Kuru, Selahattin; Hansen, Hans; Eskil, Taner; Podesta, Luca; Fink, Flemming; Graaff, Erik de; Uwe Wolff, Jan; Soylu, Ahmet

    2007-01-01

    This report discuss Problem-Based and Project-Based Learning (PBL) as an approach to meeting the demand for the educational requirements of the next generation engineering graduates. The report is prepared as the final report of the Special Interest Group (SIG) B5 of the Erasmus Thematic Network Project TREE (Teaching and Research in Engineering Education) on Problem- Based and Project-Based Learning. In engineering education there is a shift in emphasis from professional skill...

  8. Stolen Base Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagan, David

    2013-01-01

    Few plays in baseball are as consistently close and exciting as the stolen base. While there are several studies of sprinting, the art of base stealing is much more nuanced. This article describes the motion of the base-stealing runner using a very basic kinematic model. The model will be compared to some data from a Major League game. The…

  9. Convergent Filter Bases

    OpenAIRE

    Coghetto Roland

    2015-01-01

    We are inspired by the work of Henri Cartan [16], Bourbaki [10] (TG. I Filtres) and Claude Wagschal [34]. We define the base of filter, image filter, convergent filter bases, limit filter and the filter base of tails (fr: filtre des sections).

  10. Weak mutually unbiased bases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantum systems with variables in Z(d) are considered. The properties of lines in the Z(d)xZ(d) phase space of these systems are studied. Weak mutually unbiased bases in these systems are defined as bases for which the overlap of any two vectors in two different bases is equal to d−1/2 or alternatively to one of the d−1/2i, 0 (where di is a divisor of d apart from d, 1). They are designed for the geometry of the Z(d)xZ(d) phase space, in the sense that there is a duality between the weak mutually unbiased bases and the maximal lines through the origin. In the special case of prime d, there are no divisors of d apart from 1, d and the weak mutually unbiased bases are mutually unbiased bases. (fast track communication)

  11. Search Based Software Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Jaspreet Bedi; Kuljit Kaur

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews the search based software engineering research and finds the major milestones in this direction. The SBSE approach has been the topic of several surveys and reviews. Search Based Software Engineering (SBSE) consists of the application of search-based optimization to software engineering. Using SBSE, a software engineering task is formulated as a search problem by defining a suitable candidate solution representation and a fitness function to differentiate be...

  12. Case-based reasoning

    CERN Document Server

    Kolodner, Janet

    1993-01-01

    Case-based reasoning is one of the fastest growing areas in the field of knowledge-based systems and this book, authored by a leader in the field, is the first comprehensive text on the subject. Case-based reasoning systems are systems that store information about situations in their memory. As new problems arise, similar situations are searched out to help solve these problems. Problems are understood and inferences are made by finding the closest cases in memory, comparing and contrasting the problem with those cases, making inferences based on those comparisons, and asking questions whe

  13. XML-BASED REPRESENTATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. KELSEY

    2001-02-01

    For focused applications with limited user and use application communities, XML can be the right choice for representation. It is easy to use, maintain, and extend and enjoys wide support in commercial and research sectors. When the knowledge and information to be represented is object-based and use of that knowledge and information is a high priority, then XML-based representation should be considered. This paper discusses some of the issues involved in using XML-based representation and presents an example application that successfully uses an XML-based representation.

  14. Gasification-based biomass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The gasification-based biomass section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes the technical and economic status of this emerging renewable energy option for electricity supply.

  15. Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Monitoring Knowledge Base (MKB) is a compilation of emissions measurement and monitoring techniques associated with air pollution control devices, industrial...

  16. Guarded Hybrid Knowledge Bases

    CERN Document Server

    Heymans, Stijn; Predoiu, Livia; Feier, Cristina; Van Nieuwenborgh, Davy

    2007-01-01

    Recently, there has been a lot of interest in the integration of Description Logics and rules on the Semantic Web.We define guarded hybrid knowledge bases (or g-hybrid knowledge bases) as knowledge bases that consist of a Description Logic knowledge base and a guarded logic program, similar to the DL+log knowledge bases from (Rosati 2006). G-hybrid knowledge bases enable an integration of Description Logics and Logic Programming where, unlike in other approaches, variables in the rules of a guarded program do not need to appear in positive non-DL atoms of the body, i.e. DL atoms can act as guards as well. Decidability of satisfiability checking of g-hybrid knowledge bases is shown for the particular DL DLRO, which is close to OWL DL, by a reduction to guarded programs under the open answer set semantics. Moreover, we show 2-EXPTIME-completeness for satisfiability checking of such g-hybrid knowledge bases. Finally, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of our approach compared with DL+log knowledge bases.

  17. U.S. Department Of Energy's nuclear engineering education research: highlights of recent and current research I. 4. The Monte Carlo-Based Dosimetry of Beta Emitters for Intravascular Brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intravascular brachytherapy (IVBT) is a new radiotherapy modality to prevent restenosis following interventional coronary angioplasty. It is estimated that the restenosis rate may drop from ∼35 to 40% to well below 10% if radiation is delivered to the obstruction site during or after angioplasty. In traditional brachytherapy, the dose is typically specified at 1 cm from the source, and the effects of low-energy photons and secondary electrons are essentially ignored. In IVBT, however, the entire lesion may be 1 to 3 mm in thickness. A better understanding of dosimetry in the millimetre range will help in the development of optimum clinical devices and their efficacious use in different institutions using different radionuclides and devices. The actual treatment geometry consists of an encapsulated train of seeds, a guide wire, and a stent in a curved vessel. The source is a cylindrical train of 12 source seeds, each having dimensions of 0.64 mm in diameter and 2.5 mm in length, and proximal/distal gold markers. Each seed contains 90Sr/Y mixed with fired ceramic encapsulated in a 0.04-mm stainless steel wall. The Monte Carlo simulations are carried out for the trained source geometries in the linear and curved vessels with and without a stent. The stent structure is approximately modeled as a set of tori with a rotational radius of 1.92 mm from the source axis and a circular radius of 0.08 mm in cross section. Five tori are equally spaced for each seed. The stent shadows 31% of the total area of the source surface. The total activity of 70 mCi (2.59x109 Bq) was chosen from manufacturer data. The corresponding mass fraction of 90Sr/Y in the source ceramic is negligible and was not explicitly included in the MCNP simulations. All tallies were multiplied with 5.83 mCi/seed x 3.7x107 s/mCi for one active seed, and then the tallies that made contributions to the dose in a voxel of interest were summed over to obtain the actual dose for the total activity. For IVBT with

  18. BIOMETRICS BASED USER AUTHENTICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Tanuj Tiwari; Tanya Tiwari2; Sanjay Tiwari

    2015-01-01

    Biometrics is automated methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristic. Biometrics technologies are base for a plethora of highly secure identification and personal verification solutions. It is measurement of biological characteristics – either physiological or behavioral – that verify the claimed identity of an individual. Physiological biometrics include fingerprints, iris recognition. voice verification, retina recognition, palm vein patt...

  19. Model-based geostatistics

    CERN Document Server

    Diggle, Peter J

    2007-01-01

    Model-based geostatistics refers to the application of general statistical principles of modeling and inference to geostatistical problems. This volume provides a treatment of model-based geostatistics and emphasizes on statistical methods and applications. It also features analyses of datasets from a range of scientific contexts.

  20. Evidence based practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2011-01-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an influential interdisciplinary movement that originated in medicine as evidence-based medicine (EBM) about 1992. EBP is of considerable interest to library and information science (LIS) because it focuses on a thorough documentation of the basis for the decision...

  1. Arkansas' Disappearing Tax Base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoppmeyer, Martin; Venters, Tommy

    State legislation that has contributed to the reduction of Arkansas' tax base is described in this paper. Amendment 59, adopted in 1980, has reduced the state tax base by millions of dollars. At the end of 1992, the majority of school districts have equalized their real, personal, and carrier and utility property. Act 34, the current foundation…

  2. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Fogh Olsen, Ole; Sporring, Jon

    2007-01-01

    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination...... features, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  3. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Olsen, Ole Fogh; Sporring, Jon

    2006-01-01

    . To address this problem we introduce a novel photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way we preserve the important illumination...... features, while eliminating noise. We call our method diffusion based photon mapping....

  4. Zero-Based Budgeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wichowski, Chester

    1979-01-01

    The zero-based budgeting approach is designed to achieve the greatest benefit with the fewest undesirable consequences. Seven basic steps make up the zero-based decision-making process: (1) identifying program goals, (2) classifying goals, (3) identifying resources, (4) reviewing consequences, (5) developing decision packages, (6) implementing a…

  5. Hydrogel based occlusion systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A.; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P.; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y.; Engel, L.; Krylov, V.

    2013-01-01

    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a tar

  6. Game-Based Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanghøj, Thorkild

    2013-01-01

    This chapter outlines theoretical and empirical perspectives on how Game-Based Teaching can be integrated within the context of formal schooling. Initially, this is done by describing game scenarios as models for possible actions that need to be translated into curricular knowledge practices...... approaches to game-based teaching, which may or may not correspond with the pedagogical models of particular games....

  7. Secure base stations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, Peter; Brusilovsky, Alec; McLellan, Rae; Mullender, Sape; Polakos, Paul

    2009-01-01

    With the introduction of the third generation (3G) Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) base station router (BSR) and fourth generation (4G) base stations, such as the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) Evolved Node B (eNB), it has become important to se

  8. Synthesis and characterizations of carbazole-isoindigo-carbazole oligomers for photovoltaic application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji-Young; Lee, Song-Mi; Lee, Soo-Hyoung; Kim, Dong-Hee; Lee, Sang Hee; Lee, Youn-Sik

    2016-08-01

    6,6‧-Dibromo-N,N‧-(2-octyldodecanyl)isoindigo was coupled to either 4-(N-carbazolyl)phenyl boronic acid or 9-phenyl-9H-carbazole-3-boronic acid to give two different conjugated molecules of P-II-P and C-II-C, respectively. The optical band gap/HOMO levels of P-II-P and C-II-C were 1.90/-5.60 eV and 1.85/-5.39 eV, respectively. Based on the experimental and calculation data, C-II-C is more highly conjugated than P-II-P. The performances of C-II-C-based photovoltaic devices were better than those of P-II-P-based devices, with the best power conversion efficiency of 0.44%.

  9. X-Ray Absorption, Nuclear Infrared Emission, and Dust Covering Factors of AGNs: Testing Unification Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateos, S.; Carrera, F. J.; Alonso-Herrero, A.; Hernán-Caballero, A.; Barcons, X.; Asensio Ramos, A.; Watson, M. G.; Blain, A.; Caccianiga, A.; Ballo, L.; Braito, V.; Ramos Almeida, C.

    2016-03-01

    We present the distributions of the geometrical covering factors of the dusty tori (f2) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) using an X-ray selected complete sample of 227 AGNs drawn from the Bright Ultra-hard XMM-Newton Survey. The AGNs have z from 0.05 to 1.7, 2-10 keV luminosities between 1042 and 1046 erg s-1, and Compton-thin X-ray absorption. Employing data from UKIDSS, 2MASS, and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer in a previous work, we determined the rest-frame 1-20 μm continuum emission from the torus, which we model here with the clumpy torus models of Nenkova et al. Optically classified type 1 and type 2 AGNs are intrinsically different, with type 2 AGNs having, on average, tori with higher f2 than type 1 AGNs. Nevertheless, ˜20% of type 1 AGNs have tori with large covering factors, while ˜23%-28% of type 2 AGNs have tori with small covering factors. Low f2 are preferred at high AGN luminosities, as postulated by simple receding torus models, although for type 2 AGNs the effect is certainly small. f2 increases with the X-ray column density, which implies that dust extinction and X-ray absorption take place in material that share an overall geometry and most likely belong to the same structure, the putative torus. Based on our results, the viewing angle, AGN luminosity, and also f2 determine the optical appearance of an AGN and control the shape of the rest-frame ˜1-20 μm nuclear continuum emission. Thus, the torus geometrical covering factor is a key ingredient of unification schemes.

  10. Bases de dades relacionals

    OpenAIRE

    Villegas González, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Les empreses de reclutament de personal han d¿afrontar una sèrie de reptes per les seves tasques diàries, pel gran volum de candidats per cobrir les necessitats del mercat de llocs de treball. RecruitCAT és una empresa de reclutament de personal que necessita gestionar la seva base de dades. El objectiu és dissenyar i implementar una base de dades per gestionar una empresa de reclutament de personal, assolint les tasques d¿estudi, plantejament teòric i els scripts de generació de la base d...

  11. Profile Based Information Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athar shaikh,

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper present Profile Based information retrieval system(PBIR. This system provide the user to register with it and based on the users registered areas of interest the system searches the related and efficient information form the world wide web using the technique of web text mining and arranges the unstructured data into structured format and present it to the user. This system also stores the previously searched data and based on users areas of interest and rating awarded to the interest by the user his profile will be updated at particular scheduled time.

  12. CLOUD COMPUTING BASED ORIENTATION

    OpenAIRE

    K. Jithendar; K.Srujan Raju; K. Neeraja

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid increase in the technology internet plays a major role in the society with the existence of the cloud based scenario. Where it is very much useful in the technology based on information related to the software oriented approach. It is mainly concerned about the utilities of the system which is the primary goal. It play a key role in the transmission of the data with a high definition oriented security based analysis respectively. Therefore whenever the user in the form of the c...

  13. Data base management study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Data base management techniques and applicable equipment are described. Recommendations which will assist potential NASA data users in selecting and using appropriate data base management tools and techniques are presented. Classes of currently available data processing equipment ranging from basic terminals to large minicomputer systems were surveyed as they apply to the needs of potential SEASAT data users. Cost and capabilities projections for this equipment through 1985 were presented. A test of a typical data base management system was described, as well as the results of this test and recommendations to assist potential users in determining when such a system is appropriate for their needs. The representative system tested was UNIVAC's DMS 1100.

  14. QuickBase

    CERN Document Server

    Conner, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    Ready to put Intuit's QuickBase to work? Our new Missing Manual shows you how to capture, modify, share, and manage data and documents with this web-based data-sharing program quickly and easily. No longer do you have to coordinate your team through a blizzard of emails or play frustrating games of "guess which document is the right one."QuickBase saves your organization time and money, letting you manage and share the information that makes your business tick: sales figures, project timelines, drafts of documents, purchase or work requests--whatever information you need to keep business flowi

  15. Lidar base specification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidemann, Hans Karl.

    2012-01-01

    In late 2009, a $14.3 million allocation from the “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” for new light detection and ranging (lidar) elevation data prompted the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Geospatial Program (NGP) to develop a common base specification for all lidar data acquired for The National Map. Released as a draft in 2010 and formally published in 2012, the USGS–NGP “Lidar Base Specification Version 1.0” (now Lidar Base Specification) was quickly embraced as the foundation for numerous state, county, and foreign country lidar specifications.

  16. Biometric-based Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    OECD

    2004-01-01

    This report is intended to provide an understanding of the benefits and limitations of biometric-based technologies. It also includes information on existing privacy and security methodologies for assessing biometrics.

  17. Cheboygan Vessel Base

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Cheboygan Vessel Base (CVB), located in Cheboygan, Michigan, is a field station of the USGS Great Lakes Science Center (GLSC). CVB was established by congressional...

  18. Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Graaff, Erik; Guerra, Aida

    Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an innovative method to organize the learning process in such a way that the students actively engage in finding answers by themselves. During the past 40 years PBL has evolved and diversified resulting in a multitude in variations in models and practices. However...... model and in general problem based and project based learning. We apply the principle of teach as you preach. The poster aims to outline the visitors’ workshop programme showing the results of some recent evaluations......., the key principles remain the same everywhere. Graaff & Kolmos (2003) identify the main PBL principles as follows: 1. Problem orientation 2. Project organization through teams or group work 3. Participant-directed 4. Experiental learning 5. Activity-based learning 6. Interdisciplinary learning and 7...

  19. Noncommutative Involutive Bases

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, G A

    2006-01-01

    The theory of Groebner Bases originated in the work of Buchberger and is now considered to be one of the most important and useful areas of symbolic computation. A great deal of effort has been put into improving Buchberger's algorithm for computing a Groebner Basis, and indeed in finding alternative methods of computing Groebner Bases. Two of these methods include the Groebner Walk method and the computation of Involutive Bases. By the mid 1980's, Buchberger's work had been generalised for noncommutative polynomial rings by Bergman and Mora. This thesis provides the corresponding generalisation for Involutive Bases and (to a lesser extent) the Groebner Walk, with the main results being as follows. (1) Algorithms for several new noncommutative involutive divisions are given, including strong; weak; global and local divisions. (2) An algorithm for computing a noncommutative Involutive Basis is given. When used with one of the aforementioned involutive divisions, it is shown that this algorithm returns a noncom...

  20. Mutually unbiased bases

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Chaturvedi

    2002-08-01

    After a brief review of the notion of a full set of mutually unbiased bases in an -dimensional Hilbert space, we summarize the work of Wootters and Fields (W K Wootters and B C Fields, Ann. Phys. 191, 363 (1989)) which gives an explicit construction for such bases for the case = r, where is a prime. Further, we show how, by exploiting certain freedom in the Wootters–Fields construction, the task of explicitly writing down such bases can be simplified for the case when is an odd prime. In particular, we express the results entirely in terms of the character vectors of the cyclic group of order . We also analyse the connection between mutually unbiased bases and the representations of .

  1. Kelomehele preemia Baseli festivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Baselis festivalil "VIPER - International Festival for Film Video and New Media" tunnistati parimaks CD-ROMiks Gustav Deutschi/Anna Schimeki "Odysee today", netiprojektiks itaallaste "01.ORG", äramärkimispreemia - Raivo Kelomehe "Videoweaver"

  2. WormBase

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — WormBase is an international consortium of biologists and computer scientists dedicated to providing the research community with accurate, current, accessible...

  3. Language-Based Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Public / Speech, Language and Swallowing / Disorders and Diseases Language-Based Learning Disabilities (Reading, Spelling, and Writing) What ... a language-based learning disability ? What is a language-based learning disability? Language-based learning disabilities are ...

  4. Participatory design based research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dau, Susanne; Falk, Lars; Jensen, Louise Bach

    2014-01-01

    This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus.......This poster reveal how participatory design based research by the use of a CoED inspired creative process can be used for designing solutions to problems regarding students study activities outside campus....

  5. DSP Based Waveform Generator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The DSP Based Waveform Generator is used for CSR Control system to control special controlled objects, such as the pulsed power supply for magnets, RF system, injection and extraction synchronization, global CSR synchronization etc. This intelligent controller based on 4800 MIPS DSP and 256M SDRAM technology will supply highly stable and highly accurate reference waveform used by the power supply of magnets. The specifications are as follows:

  6. Optimisation-based clearance

    OpenAIRE

    Varga, Andras

    2002-01-01

    The basic feature of the optimisation-based clearance approach is to reformulate the clearance problems as equivalent minimum distance problems for which ”anti”-optimisation is performed to determine the worst-case parameter combination/ flight condition leading to worst performance. The basic requirements for the applicability of the optimisation-based approach are the availability of suitable parametric models describing the overall nonlinear dynamics of the augmented aircraft and of accomp...

  7. Computer-based simulations

    OpenAIRE

    Antonoaie, C.; Antonoaie, N.

    2010-01-01

    A computer-based simulation replicates an environment through a computer program designed to consider multiple variables, interactions, and system constraints. Computer-based simulation is used in organization studies to model human social systems to better understand the dynamics between individual and group behaviours.These methods advance organization studies research in many ways. They can be used for extrapolating theory, validating hypotheses, or revealing emergent behaviour. Simulation...

  8. Evidence-Based Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Simonsen, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    Systems development is replete with projects that represent substantial resource investments but result in systems that fail to meet users’ needs. Evidence-based development is an emerging idea intended to provide means for managing customer-vendor relationships and working systematically toward...... and electronic patient records for diabetes patients, this paper reports research in progress regarding the prospects and pitfalls of evidence-based development....

  9. Layered nickel based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Tuson [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurita, Nobuyuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sefat, A S [ORNL; Mandrus, D [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    We review the properties of Ni-based superconductors which contain Ni{sub 2}X{sub 2} (X=As, P, Bi, Si, Ge, B) planes, a common structural element to the recently discovered FeAs superconductors. We also compare the properties ofthe Ni-and Fe-based systems from a perspective ofelectronic structure as well as structure-property relations.

  10. Team Based Learning

    OpenAIRE

    ALTINTAŞ, Levent; ALİMOĞLU, Mustafa Kemal

    2012-01-01

    Team-based learning is a learner-centered instructional strategy led by an expert instructor and applied in large learner groups composed of teams including 5-7 individuals in each. The method requires some out-of-class and in-class activities and special team assignments for students to learn at individual and team level. In pure team-based learning, there are three phases: preparation, readiness assurance and application-oriented activities. Peer assessment is used to ensure desire...

  11. Compression-based similarity

    OpenAIRE

    Vitányi, Paul

    2011-01-01

    First we consider pair-wise distances for literal objects consisting of finite binary files. These files are taken to contain all of their meaning, like genomes or books. The distances are based on compression of the objects concerned, normalized, and can be viewed as similarity distances. Second, we consider pair-wise distances between names of objects, like "red" or "christianity." In this case the distances are based on searches of the Internet. Such a search can be performed by any search...

  12. Hydrogel based occlusion systems

    OpenAIRE

    Stam, F.A.; Jackson, N.; Dubruel, P.; Adesanya, K.; Embrechts, A.; Mendes, E.; Neves, H.P.; Herijgers, P.; Verbrugghe, Y.; Shacham, Y; Engel, L.; Krylov, V.

    2013-01-01

    A hydrogel based occlusion system, a method for occluding vessels, appendages or aneurysms, and a method for hydrogel synthesis are disclosed. The hydrogel based occlusion system includes a hydrogel having a shrunken and a swollen state and a delivery tool configured to deliver the hydrogel to a target occlusion location. The hydrogel is configured to permanently occlude the target occlusion location in the swollen state. The hydrogel may be an electro-activated hydrogel (EAH) which could be ...

  13. REST based mobile applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambow, Mark; Preuss, Thomas; Berdux, Jörg; Conrad, Marc

    2008-02-01

    Simplicity is the major advantage of REST based webservices. Whereas SOAP is widespread in complex, security sensitive business-to-business aplications, REST is widely used for mashups and end-user centric applicatons. In that context we give an overview of REST and compare it to SOAP. Furthermore we apply the GeoDrawing application as an example for REST based mobile applications and emphasize on pros and cons for the use of REST in mobile application scenarios.

  14. LDEF materials data bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funk, Joan G.; Strickland, John W.; Davis, John M.

    1993-01-01

    The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) and the accompanying experiments were composed of and contained a wide variety of materials representing the largest collection of materials flown in low Earth orbit (LEO) and retrieved for ground based analysis to date. The results and implications of the mechanical, thermal, optical, and electrical data from these materials are the foundation on which future LEO space missions will be built. The LDEF Materials Special Investigation Group (MSIG) has been charged with establishing and developing data bases to document these materials and their performance to assure not only that the data are archived for future generations but also that the data are available to the spacecraft user community in an easily accessed, user-friendly form. This paper discusses the format and content of the three data bases developed or being developed to accomplish this task. The hardware and software requirements for each of these three data bases are discussed along with current availability of the data bases. This paper also serves as a user's guide to the MAPTIS LDEF Materials Data Base.

  15. Research on Motion Trajectory Control Technology of Agricutural Robot-Based on Genetic Algorithm RBF Network Optimization%农业机器人运动轨迹控制仿真分析-基于遗传算法优化和RBF 网络逼近

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李璞; 冯博

    2016-01-01

    随着国力的不断增长,我国科技产业发展突飞猛进,机械自动化、计算机控制系统和测试计量行业的不断发展,使得移动机器人的研究也达到了一个前所未有的高度,机器人已经被广泛地应用到农业生产、工业生产、国家安全、生活服务和高等研究设计等领域的各个方面。移动机器人作为机器人的一部分,集中了智能传感技术、机械制造、电子无线通信技术、智能仪器和自动化控制工程等多学科的研究成果,是当前科技研究与设计最前沿的领域之一。为此,基于遗传算法优化RBF 网络逼近算法,根据机器人运动轨迹的特性,研究了机器人运动轨迹控制技术,通过实时传感器在线感知系统,为智能机器人实时规划出无碰撞、路线短的运动轨迹。实验结果表明:所研究的机器人运动轨迹优化技术,具有较好的控制作用,其在行进过程中能及时、有效避地开前方障碍,可靠性强,稳定性好,应用前景非常广阔。%With the rapid development of China's science and technology industry , the rapid development of science and technology industry , machinery automation , computer control system and the continuous development of the measurement industry , making the research of mobile robot has reached an unprecedented level , the robot has been widely used in ag-ricultural production ,industrial production ,National security ,life services and higher research design and other aspects of the design .As a part of the robot ,the mobile robot has concentrated the research results of intelligent sensing technology , mechanical manufacturing ,electronic communication technology ,intelligent instrument and automation control engineering . It is one of the most advanced technology research and design .In this paper , based on genetic algorithm to optimize the RBF network approximation algorithm , based on the characteristics of the

  16. Noncommutative Involutive Bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alun Evans, Gareth

    2006-02-01

    The theory of Groebner Bases originated in the work of Buchberger and is now considered to be one of the most important and useful areas of symbolic computation. A great deal of effort has been put into improving Buchberger's algorithm for computing a Groebner Basis, and indeed in finding alternative methods of computing Groebner Bases. Two of these methods include the Groebner Walk method and the computation of Involutive Bases. By the mid 1980's, Buchberger's work had been generalised for noncommutative polynomial rings by Bergman and Mora. This thesis provides the corresponding generalisation for Involutive Bases and (to a lesser extent) the Groebner Walk, with the main results being as follows. (1) Algorithms for several new noncommutative involutive divisions are given, including strong; weak; global and local divisions. (2) An algorithm for computing a noncommutative Involutive Basis is given. When used with one of the aforementioned involutive divisions, it is shown that this algorithm returns a noncommutative Groebner Basis on termination. (3) An algorithm for a noncommutative Groebner Walk is given, in the case of conversion between two harmonious monomial orderings. It is shown that this algorithm generalises to give an algorithm for performing a noncommutative Involutive Walk, again in the case of conversion between two harmonious monomial orderings. (4) Two new properties of commutative involutive divisions are introduced (stability and extendibility), respectively ensuring the termination of the Involutive Basis algorithm and the applicability (under certain conditions) of homogeneous methods of computing Involutive Bases.

  17. Nitramine Double Base Propellants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Bhalerao

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available This review paper broadly covers the studies conducted on nitramine double base (DB propellants, particularly in the field of formulations, evaluation, catalysis and combustion mechanism . Addition of RDX and HMX in double base matrix shows relatively low burn rates and high paper index values. Further, the burn rate of this class of propellants enhances in the presence of energetic binders/plasticisers like glycidyl azide polymer. This paper also discusses the combustion mechanism of HMX/RDX-based DB propellants, especially in the presence of catalytic salts. As scanty data is available on extruded nitramine DB propellants, further work is needed in the field of formulation as well as evaluation with a view to generate exhaustive data.

  18. SAR based adaptive GMTI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Duc; Guo, Bin; Xu, Luzhou; Li, Jian

    2010-04-01

    We consider ground moving target indication (GMTI) and target velocity estimation based on multi-channel synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. Via forming velocity versus cross-range images, we show that small moving targets can be detected even in the presence of strong stationary ground clutter. Moreover, the velocities of the moving targets can be estimated, and the misplaced moving targets can be placed back to their original locations based on the estimated velocities. Adaptive beamforming techniques, including Capon and generalizedlikelihood ratio test (GLRT), are used to form velocity versus cross-range images for each range bin of interest. The velocity estimation ambiguities caused by the multi-channel array geometry are analyzed. We also demonstrate the effectiveness of our approaches using the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) publicly-released Gotcha SAR based GMTI data set.

  19. Cantilever Based Mass Sensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dohn, Søren

    2007-01-01

    Cantilever based mass sensors utilize that a change in vibrating mass will cause a change in the resonant frequency. This can be used for very accurate sensing of adsorption and desorption processes on the cantilever surface. The change in resonant frequency caused by a single molecule depends...... on various parameters including the vibrating mass of the cantilever and the frequency at which it vibrates. The minimum amount of molecules detectable is highly dependent on the noise of the system as well as the method of readout. The aim of this Ph.D. thesis has been twofold: To develop a readout method...... suitable for a portable device and to investigate the possibility of enhancing the functionality and sensitivity of cantilever based mass sensors. A readout method based on the hard contact between the cantilever and a biased electrode placed in close proximity to the cantilever is proposed. The viability...

  20. Location-based Scheduling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas; Christensen, Knud

    the predominant scheduling method since it was introduced in the late 1950s. Over the years, CPM has proven to be a very powerful technique for planning, scheduling and controlling projects, which among other things is indicated by the development of a large number of CPM-based software applications available...... on the market. However, CPM is primarily an activity based method that takes the activity as the unit of focus and there is criticism raised, specifically in the case of construction projects, on the method for deficient management of construction work and continuous flow of resources. To seek solutions...... to the identified limitations of the CPM method, an alternative planning and scheduling methodology that includes locations is tested. Location-based Scheduling (LBS) implies a shift in focus, from primarily the activities to the flow of work through the various locations of the project, i.e. the building. LBS uses...

  1. Inkjet-based micromanufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Korvink, Jan G; Shin, Dong-Youn; Brand, Oliver; Fedder, Gary K; Hierold, Christofer; Tabata, Osamu

    2012-01-01

    Inkjet-based Micromanufacturing Inkjet technology goes way beyond putting ink on paper: it enables simpler, faster and more reliable manufacturing processes in the fields of micro- and nanotechnology. Modern inkjet heads are per se precision instruments that deposit droplets of fluids on a variety of surfaces in programmable, repeating patterns, allowing, after suitable modifications and adaptations, the manufacturing of devices such as thin-film transistors, polymer-based displays and photovoltaic elements. Moreover, inkjet technology facilitates the large-scale production of flexible RFID tr

  2. Identity-based encryption

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Sanjit

    2011-01-01

    Identity Based Encryption (IBE) is a type of public key encryption and has been intensely researched in the past decade. Identity-Based Encryption summarizes the available research for IBE and the main ideas that would enable users to pursue further work in this area. This book will also cover a brief background on Elliptic Curves and Pairings, security against chosen Cipher text Attacks, standards and more. Advanced-level students in computer science and mathematics who specialize in cryptology, and the general community of researchers in the area of cryptology and data security will find Ide

  3. Video-based rendering

    CERN Document Server

    Magnor, Marcus A

    2005-01-01

    Driven by consumer-market applications that enjoy steadily increasing economic importance, graphics hardware and rendering algorithms are a central focus of computer graphics research. Video-based rendering is an approach that aims to overcome the current bottleneck in the time-consuming modeling process and has applications in areas such as computer games, special effects, and interactive TV. This book offers an in-depth introduction to video-based rendering, a rapidly developing new interdisciplinary topic employing techniques from computer graphics, computer vision, and telecommunication en

  4. Domain based metering

    OpenAIRE

    Párhonyi, Robert; Beijnum, van, Bert-Jan

    2000-01-01

    In the last two years, there is a gaining interest in usage based accounting for the Internet. One of the driving forces for this growing interest is the progress being made in providing some form of quality assurance in IP packet forwarding. One of the key processes in an accounting system is metering, gathering of network usage parameters on which the accounting is or can be based. In this paper are addressed issues that are potentially of interest in Internet accounting. One of these issue...

  5. Iron-based superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Peter D; Yin, Wei-Guo

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents an in-depth review of experimental and theoretical studies on the newly discovered Fe-based superconductors.  Following the Introduction, which places iron-based superconductors in the context of other unconventional superconductors, the book is divided into three sections covering sample growth, experimental characterization, and theoretical understanding.  To understand the complex structure-property relationships of these materials, results from a wide range of experimental techniques and theoretical approaches are described that probe the electronic and magnetic prope

  6. Plasmonics based VLSI processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreya Bhattacharya

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In continuum to my previous paper titled ‘Implementation of plasmonics in VLSI’, this paper attempts to explore further, the actual physical realization of an all-plasmonic chip. In this paper, various methods of plasmon-based photolithography have been discussed and an observation is made w.r.t the cost effectiveness and ease of adaptability. Also, plasmonics based active element has been discussed which would help unravel further arenas of approaches and methods towards the realization of an all-plasmonic chip.

  7. Pitch Based Sound Classification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Andreas Brinch; Hansen, Lars Kai; Kjems, U

    2006-01-01

    A sound classification model is presented that can classify signals into music, noise and speech. The model extracts the pitch of the signal using the harmonic product spectrum. Based on the pitch estimate and a pitch error measure, features are created and used in a probabilistic model with soft...

  8. Skull Base Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz-Ertner, Daniela

    In skull base tumors associated with a low radiosensitivity for conventional radiotherapy (RT), irradiation with proton or carbon ion beams facilitates a safe and accurate application of high tumor doses due to the favorable beam localization properties of these particle beams. Cranial nerves, the brain stem and normal brain tissue can at the same time be optimally spared.

  9. Base tree property

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Balcar, B.; Doucha, Michal; Hrušák, M.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 32, č. 1 (2015), s. 69-81. ISSN 0167-8094 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA100190902 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : forcing * Boolean algebra s * base tree Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.621, year: 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11083-013-9316-2

  10. Surfel Based Geometry Resonstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Vedrana; Aanæs, Henrik; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas

    We propose a method for retrieving a piecewise smooth surface from noisy data. In data acquired by a scanning process sampled points are almost never on the discontinuities making reconstruction of surfaces with sharp features difficult. Our method is based on a Markov Random Field (MRF) formulat...

  11. 80537 based distance relay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Knud Ole Helgesen

    1999-01-01

    A method for implementing a digital distance relay in the power system is described.Instructions are given on how to program this relay on a 80537 based microcomputer system.The problem is used as a practical case study in the course 53113: Micocomputer applications in the power system.The relay is...

  12. Protein Crystal Based Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Jeffrey A.; VanRoey, Patrick

    2001-01-01

    This is the final report on a NASA Grant. It concerns a description of work done, which includes: (1) Protein crystals cross-linked to form fibers; (2) Engineering of protein to favor crystallization; (3) Better knowledge-based potentials for protein-protein contacts; (4) Simulation of protein crystallization.

  13. Internet based benchmarking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Nielsen, Kurt

    2005-01-01

    We discuss the design of interactive, internet based benchmarking using parametric (statistical) as well as nonparametric (DEA) models. The user receives benchmarks and improvement potentials. The user is also given the possibility to search different efficiency frontiers and hereby to explore...

  14. Zero Base Budgeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarndal, Anne G.

    1979-01-01

    Traditional budgeting starts with the previous year's budget, but zero base budgeting demands that each activity be justified from "scratch," and establishes a number of increments for each unit, in order of priority. Given the set of increments and the money available, management can determine what activities to finance. (Author)

  15. Diffusion Based Photon Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjøth, Lars; Sporring, Jon; Fogh Olsen, Ole

    2008-01-01

    . To address this problem, we introduce a photon mapping algorithm based on nonlinear anisotropic diffusion. Our algorithm adapts according to the structure of the photon map such that smoothing occurs along edges and structures and not across. In this way, we preserve important illumination features...

  16. BASE - Progress Report 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Ulmer, S; Mooser, A; Sellner, S; Nagahama, H; Higuchi, T; Borchert, M; Schneider, G; Tanaka, T; Blaum, K; Matsuda, Y; Ospelkaus, C; Quint, W; Walz, J; Yamazaki, Y; CERN. Geneva. SPS and PS Experiments Committee; SPSC

    2016-01-01

    The BASE collaboration aims at high-precision comparisons of the fundamental properties of the proton and the antiproton, namely, the magnetic g-factors as well as the charge-to-mass ratios of the particles. This annual report summarizes the achievements made in CERN's 2015 antiproton run.

  17. Animation-based Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vistisen, Peter

    experiments has been carried out, applying animation-based sketching in various contexts and at varying points in the design process. In the studies, I evaluate the viability of the approach, the practical integration into the design process, and map how consensus between stakeholders in design can be...

  18. XML Based UIScript

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI Bin; LIAO Jian-xin; SHEN Qi-wei

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, after the analyzing the UIScript mechanism in intelligent peripheral, a new approach of XML-based UIScript is put forward. The related issues such as the design of UIScript language, the execution environment and its relationship with other script languages are discussed.

  19. Evidence-based policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vohnsen, Nina Holm

    2013-01-01

    research community (e.g. Boden & Epstein 2006; House of Commons 2006; Cartwright et al 2009; Rod 2010; Vohnsen 2011). This article intends to draw out some general pitfalls in the curious meeting of science and politics by focusing on a particular attempt to make evidence-based legislation in Denmark (for...

  20. Centroid Based Text Clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priti Maheshwari

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Web mining is a burgeoning new field that attempts to glean meaningful information from natural language text. Web mining refers generally to the process of extracting interesting information and knowledge from unstructured text. Text clustering is one of the important Web mining functionalities. Text clustering is the task in which texts are classified into groups of similar objects based on their contents. Current research in the area of Web mining is tacklesproblems of text data representation, classification, clustering, information extraction or the search for and modeling of hidden patterns. In this paper we propose for mining large document collections it is necessary to pre-process the web documents and store the information in a data structure, which is more appropriate for further processing than a plain web file. In this paper we developed a php-mySql based utility to convert unstructured web documents into structured tabular representation by preprocessing, indexing .We apply centroid based web clustering method on preprocessed data. We apply three methods for clustering. Finally we proposed a method that can increase accuracy based on clustering ofdocuments.

  1. Inservice testing bases program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inservice testing (IST) programs generally address those components necessary for safe operation as specified in Subsections IWP-1100 and IWV-1100 of Section 11 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code) and Position 11 of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission Generic Letter 89-04. Program tables, generated manually or from computer databases, are frequently used to describe those components and testing requirements contained in IST programs. Table entries are usually derived from review of system drawings, accident analysis, and other technical documents; however, the bases for such entries are not always documented. Because IST programs are dynamic, the continual evaluation of program entries may be inhibited if bases for program entries are unclear. When IST programs have been developed by architect-engineers, nuclear steam supply system suppliers, or other contractors, the bases for IST program contents become even more nebulous to the program users. The presentation provides a discussion of IST bases programs used by Entergy Operations' four nuclear plants, and the benefits derived from their use

  2. Dictionary Based Image Segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Anders Bjorholm; Dahl, Vedrana Andersen

    2015-01-01

    We propose a method for weakly supervised segmentation of natural images, which may contain both textured or non-textured regions. Our texture representation is based on a dictionary of image patches. To divide an image into separated regions with similar texture we use an implicit level sets...

  3. Problem-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Deborah E.; Donham, Richard S.; Bernhardt, Stephen A.

    2011-01-01

    In problem-based learning (PBL), students working in collaborative groups learn by resolving complex, realistic problems under the guidance of faculty. There is some evidence of PBL effectiveness in medical school settings where it began, and there are numerous accounts of PBL implementation in various undergraduate contexts, replete with…

  4. Performance based fault diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemann, Hans Henrik

    2002-01-01

    Different aspects of fault detection and fault isolation in closed-loop systems are considered. It is shown that using the standard setup known from feedback control, it is possible to formulate fault diagnosis problems based on a performance index in this general standard setup. It is also shown...

  5. Aptamer-based nanobiosensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yeon Seok; Raston, Nurul Hanun Ahmad; Gu, Man Bock

    2016-02-15

    It has been more than two decades since aptamer and the systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method were discovered by Larry Gold and Andrew Ellington in 1990, respectively. Based on the various advantages of aptamers, they have become a potent rival of antibodies in therapeutics and bio-analysis. Especially, the recent advances in aptamer biosensor application are remarkable due to its intrinsic properties of aptamers as nucleic acids and target induced conformational changes, in addition to the introduction of graphene oxide-based easy and simple immobilization-free screening method even for dual aptamers. In addition, the incorporation of various nanomaterials such as metallic nanoparticles, carbon materials, and functional nanospheres in aptasensors has facilitated the improvement of analytical performance and commercial application of aptasensors. In this review, recent prominent reports on aptasensors utilizing nanomaterials were introduced to understand the principle of aptamer-based biosensors and provide an insight for new strategies of aptasensors and the application of various nanomaterials. The perspective on aptamer-based biosensors and diagnostics was also discussed in view of technology and market. PMID:26139320

  6. Lunar Base Sitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staehle, Robert L.; Burke, James D.; Snyder, Gerald C.; Dowling, Richard; Spudis, Paul D.

    1993-12-01

    Speculation with regard to a permanent lunar base has been with us since Robert Goddard was working on the first liquid-fueled rockets in the 1920's. With the infusion of data from the Apollo Moon flights, a once speculative area of space exploration has become an exciting possibility. A Moon base is not only a very real possibility, but is probably a critical element in the continuation of our piloted space program. This article, originally drafted by World Space Foundation volunteers in conjuction with various academic and research groups, examines some of the strategies involved in selecting an appropriate site for such a lunar base. Site selection involves a number of complex variables, including raw materials for possible rocket propellant generation, hot an cold cycles, view of the sky (for astronomical considerations, among others), geological makeup of the region, and more. This article summarizes the key base siting considerations and suggests some alternatives. Availability of specific resources, including energy and certain minerals, is critical to success.

  7. Ana's Story: How She and Her Family Learned about Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tory How she and her family learned about sports injuries. This booklet is not copyrighted. You can make ... tory How she and her family learned about sports injuries. Juan Néstor Elena Isabel Carlos 1 2 3 ...

  8. Kuula / Erik Morna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morna, Erik, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Tori Amos "Tales Of A Librarian: A Tori Amos Collection", Madonna "Remixed & Revisited", No Doubt "The Singles 1992-2003", Basement Jaxx "Kish Kash", Erykah Badu "Worldwide Underground"

  9. PROJECT-BASES RISK MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Sandu

    2010-01-01

    The project-bases concept is presented. There are defined operations on project-bases. The software developed for project-bases management is analyzed based in its structure and functionality. A series of criteria of structuring risks is listed are tailored for project-bases management. Next there are suggested solutions of mitigating risks by maintaining efficiency within acceptable thresholds.

  10. Quasigroup based crypto-algorithms

    OpenAIRE

    Shcherbacov, Victor

    2012-01-01

    Modifications of Markovski quasigroup based crypto-algorithm have been proposed. Some of these modifications are based on the systems of orthogonal n-ary groupoids. T-quasigroups based stream ciphers have been constructed.

  11. On the Strategies of Standardization of China's Agricultural Products --Based on the China -ASEAN Agricultural Products Trade Experience%我国农产品标准化策略选择的原则及措施——基于中国-东盟自由贸易区农产品贸易经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐虹丽; 李亮国; 何佳杰

    2012-01-01

    Overcoming the obstacles of the China's international agricultural product trade depends on the good strategies of standardization of China's agricultural products. On the one hand, different standards of the agricultural products in ASEAN member countries show that agricultural products exported by China face differ- ent standard claims of import countries nowadays. On the other hand, opening of the same standards progressing of agricultural products in ASEAN, harmonization of standards for agricultural products in the WTO and in the TBT and SPS of the CAFTA indicate that agricultural standards in the countries or regions will certainly move closer to international standards and will be the same in the long run. Based on the previous analysis, the paper concludes that the strategies of Standardization of China's Agricultural Products should pitch in "the tracing studying, the different treating, superior products breakthrough, step by step improving". Standardization measures of agricultural products in China include making enterprises the dominant position in the standardization work, implementing the government's responsibility according to law and advancing of standardization of China's agricultural products, taking an active part in international cooperation and promoting the identical and approba- tory of standardization of agricultural products.%我国农产品国际贸易障碍的克服有赖于恰当的农产品标准化策略选择。一方面,当前东盟各成员国农产品标准的差异昭示着短期内我国的出口农产品面临着参差不齐的进口国的标准要求。另一方面,东盟架构下农产品标准同一化进程的开启,WTO框架下及中国-东盟自由贸易区TBT和SPS领域农产品标准的协调,预示着各国或地区的农产品标准必将向国际标准靠拢且将趋同。基于上述分析,我国农产品标准化策略应定位于“跟踪研究、区别对待、优势产品突破、循序渐进提高

  12. Spintronics-based computing

    CERN Document Server

    Prenat, Guillaume

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to spintronics-based computing for the next generation of ultra-low power/highly reliable logic, which is widely considered a promising candidate to replace conventional, pure CMOS-based logic. It will cover aspects from device to system-level, including magnetic memory cells, device modeling, hybrid circuit structure, design methodology, CAD tools, and technological integration methods. This book is accessible to a variety of readers and little or no background in magnetism and spin electronics are required to understand its content.  The multidisciplinary team of expert authors from circuits, devices, computer architecture, CAD and system design reveal to readers the potential of spintronics nanodevices to reduce power consumption, improve reliability and enable new functionality.  .

  13. Graphene-based electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Xiao; Zeng, Zhiyuan; Fan, Zhanxi; Liu, Juqing; Zhang, Hua [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore, 639798 (Singapore)

    2012-11-27

    Graphene, the thinnest two dimensional carbon material, has become the subject of intensive investigation in various research fields because of its remarkable electronic, mechanical, optical and thermal properties. Graphene-based electrodes, fabricated from mechanically cleaved graphene, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown graphene, or massively produced graphene derivatives from bulk graphite, have been applied in a broad range of applications, such as in light emitting diodes, touch screens, field-effect transistors, solar cells, supercapacitors, batteries, and sensors. In this Review, after a short introduction to the properties and synthetic methods of graphene and its derivatives, we will discuss the importance of graphene-based electrodes, their fabrication techniques, and application areas. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Graphene-based electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xiao; Zeng, Zhiyuan; Fan, Zhanxi; Liu, Juqing; Zhang, Hua

    2012-11-27

    Graphene, the thinnest two dimensional carbon material, has become the subject of intensive investigation in various research fields because of its remarkable electronic, mechanical, optical and thermal properties. Graphene-based electrodes, fabricated from mechanically cleaved graphene, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown graphene, or massively produced graphene derivatives from bulk graphite, have been applied in a broad range of applications, such as in light emitting diodes, touch screens, field-effect transistors, solar cells, supercapacitors, batteries, and sensors. In this Review, after a short introduction to the properties and synthetic methods of graphene and its derivatives, we will discuss the importance of graphene-based electrodes, their fabrication techniques, and application areas. PMID:22927209

  15. Sparse approximation with bases

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book systematically presents recent fundamental results on greedy approximation with respect to bases. Motivated by numerous applications, the last decade has seen great successes in studying nonlinear sparse approximation. Recent findings have established that greedy-type algorithms are suitable methods of nonlinear approximation in both sparse approximation with respect to bases and sparse approximation with respect to redundant systems. These insights, combined with some previous fundamental results, form the basis for constructing the theory of greedy approximation. Taking into account the theoretical and practical demand for this kind of theory, the book systematically elaborates a theoretical framework for greedy approximation and its applications.  The book addresses the needs of researchers working in numerical mathematics, harmonic analysis, and functional analysis. It quickly takes the reader from classical results to the latest frontier, but is written at the level of a graduate course and do...

  16. Knowledge based maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sturm, A. [Hamburgische Electacitaets-Werke AG Hamburg (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The establishment of maintenance strategies is of crucial significance for the reliability of a plant and the economic efficiency of maintenance measures. Knowledge about the condition of components and plants from the technical and business management point of view therefore becomes one of the fundamental questions and the key to efficient management and maintenance. A new way to determine the maintenance strategy can be called: Knowledge Based Maintenance. A simple method for determining strategies while taking the technical condition of the components of the production process into account to the greatest possible degree which can be shown. A software with an algorithm for Knowledge Based Maintenance leads the user during complex work to the determination of maintenance strategies for this complex plant components. (orig.)

  17. Content Based Video Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V.Patel

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Content based video retrieval is an approach for facilitating the searching and browsing of large image collections over World Wide Web. In this approach, video analysis is conducted on low level visual properties extracted from video frame. We believed that in order to create an effective video retrieval system, visual perception must be taken into account. We conjectured that a technique which employs multiple features for indexing and retrieval would be more effective in the discrimination and search tasks of videos. In order to validate this claim, content based indexing and retrieval systems were implemented using color histogram, various texture features and other approaches. Videos were stored in Oracle 9i Database and a user study measured correctness of response.

  18. Content Based Video Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. V. Patel

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Content based video retrieval is an approach for facilitating the searching and browsing of large image collections over World Wide Web. In this approach, video analysis is conducted on low level visual properties extracted from video frame. We believed that in order to create an effective video retrieval system, visual perception must be taken into account. We conjectured that a technique which employs multiple features for indexing and retrieval would be more effective in the discrimination and search tasks of videos. In order to validate this claim, content based indexing and retrieval systems were implemented using color histogram, various texture features and other approaches. Videos were stored in Oracle 9i Database and a user study measured correctness of response.

  19. Trajectory Based Traffic Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Benjamin Bjerre; Andersen, Ove; Lewis-Kelham, Edwin;

    2013-01-01

    We present the INTRA system for interactive path-based traffic analysis. The analyses are developed in collaboration with traffic researchers and provide novel insights into conditions such as congestion, travel-time, choice of route, and traffic-flow. INTRA supports interactive point-and-click a......We present the INTRA system for interactive path-based traffic analysis. The analyses are developed in collaboration with traffic researchers and provide novel insights into conditions such as congestion, travel-time, choice of route, and traffic-flow. INTRA supports interactive point......-and-click analysis, due to a novel and efficient indexing structure. With the web-site daisy.aau.dk/its/spqdemo/we will demonstrate several analyses, using a very large real-world data set consisting of 1.9 billion GPS records (1.5 million trajectories) recorded from more than 13000 vehicles, and touching most of...

  20. Maintaining Relationship Based Procurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Davis

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Alliance and relationship projects are increasingin number and represent a large pool of work. Tobe successful relationship style contracts dependon soft-dollar factors, particularly the participants'ability to work together within an agreedframework, generally they are not based on lowbid tendering. Participants should be prepared todo business in an open environment based ontrust and mutually agreed governance. Theresearch evaluates relationship maintenance inthe implementation phase of constructionalliances - a particular derivative of relationshipstyle contracts. To determine the factors thatcontribute to relationship maintenance forty-nineexperienced Australian alliance projectmanagers were interviewed. The main findingswere; the development of relationships early inthe project form building blocks of success fromwhich relationships are maintained and projectvalue added; quality facilitation plays animportant part in relationship maintenance and ahybrid organisation created as a result of alliancedevelopment overcomes destructiveorganisational boundaries. Relationshipmaintenance is integral to alliance project controland failure to formalise it and pay attention toprocess and past outcomes will undermine analliance project's potential for success.

  1. Radiation-based security

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problems presented in different security areas are varied but the solutions that have been offered are generally based upon the same principles. Employing radiation to locate and identify explosives or contraband has been most obvious at airports but other locations are now receiving equal attention. Neutron and X-ray interrogation are the systems most frequently employed. However, the more recently developed approaches such as multi-view dual-energy imaging and the use of high-speed diffraction measurements are the most likely systems to become widely available. This review looks briefly at the neutron and X-ray based systems that have been developed indicating their mode of operation and their advantages and disadvantages. It then summarizes the current state-of-the-art. The paper finishes by looking in some detail at one of the most promising areas of development--in-line diffraction measurements. (author)

  2. Torus bifurcations in multilevel converter systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhusubaliyev, Zhanybai T.; Mosekilde, Erik; Yanochkina, Olga O.

    2011-01-01

    embedded one into the other and with their basins of attraction delineated by intervening repelling tori. The paper illustrates the coexistence of three stable tori with different resonance behaviors and shows how reconstruction of these tori takes place across the borders of different dynamical regimes....... The paper also demonstrates how pairs of attracting and repelling tori emerge through border-collision torus-birth and border-collision torus-fold bifurcations. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company....

  3. Skull base bone hyperpneumatization

    OpenAIRE

    Houet, E J; Kouokam, L.M.; Nchimi, A L

    2013-01-01

    A 50-year-old male with a long standing history of compulsive Valsalva maneuvers, complaining of episodes of vertigo underwent head computed tomography. Axial CT slices at the level of the skull base (Fig. A) and the first cervical vertebrae (Fig. B) shows an extensive unusual pneumatization of both the body and lateral processes of the first cervical vertebrae (arrows), with air pouches dissecting planes between bone cortex and the periosteum around the occipital bone and the lateral process...

  4. Spiritual-based Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pruzan, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Although far from mainstream, the concept of spiritual-based leadership is emerging as an inclusive and yet highly personal approach to leadership that integrates a leader’s inner perspectives on identity, purpose, responsibility and success with her or his decisions and actions in the outer world...... of business—and therefore it is also emerging as a significant framework for understanding, practicing, communicating and teaching the art and profession of leadership....

  5. Refrigerator Based on Chemisorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A.

    1987-01-01

    Reversible chemical reaction generates pressurized oxygen for cooling. Concept for cryogenic refrigerator based on chemical absorption of oxygen by praseodymium/cerium oxide (PCO) compound. Refrigerator produces cryogenic liquid for cooling infrared sensors. Also used for liquefying air and separating oxygen from nitrogen in air. In chemisorption refrigerator, PCO alternately absorbs and desorbs oxygen depending on whether cooled or heated. One pair of compressors accepts oxygen while others releases it. Compressed oxygen liquefied when precooked and expanded.

  6. Model-based segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Heimann, Tobias; Delingette, Hervé

    2011-01-01

    This chapter starts with a brief introduction into model-based segmentation, explaining the basic concepts and different approaches. Subsequently, two segmentation approaches are presented in more detail: First, the method of deformable simplex meshes is described, explaining the special properties of the simplex mesh and the formulation of the internal forces. Common choices for image forces are presented, and how to evolve the mesh to adapt to certain structures. Second, the method of point...

  7. Onlincolnshire Knowledge Base Collaboration

    OpenAIRE

    Fuller, Ted; Bosworth, Gary; Deville, Jane

    2016-01-01

    This report outlines the Onlincolnshire Knowledge Base Collaboration project undertaken by Lincoln Business School between May 2014 and September 2015. Onlincolnshire is a Lincolnshire County Council-run project which is part-funded by the East Midlands European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) Programme 2007 to 2013. As well as improving the broadband infrastructure, Onlincolnshire delivered a range of support to Lincolnshire’s Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) through the “Business...

  8. Ferrocene base metal chelates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Review of the works, devoted to different types of ferrocene metal chelates and to a possibility of ferrocene-containing ligand modification by means of complexing, is presented. Structure, properties and spectral characteristics of transitional metal, rare earth element, Cd2+, UO22+, Th4+ etc. complexes with ferrocene diketones, ferrocene acyl derivatives based on thiosemicarbazones and hydrazones and other heterometal ferrocene-containing metal chelates, are considered. 134 refs., 1 tab

  9. Polysiloxane based neutron detectors

    OpenAIRE

    Dalla Palma, Matteo

    2016-01-01

    In the last decade, neutron detection has been attracting the attention of the scientific community for different reasons. On one side, the increase in the price of 3He, employed in the most efficient and the most widely used neutron detectors. On the other side, the harmfulness of traditional xylene based liquid scintillators, used in extremely large volumes for the detection of fast neutrons. Finally, the demand for most compact and rough systems pushed by the increased popularity of neutro...

  10. Argument based machine learning

    OpenAIRE

    Možina, Martin

    2014-01-01

    The Thesis presents a novel approach to machine learning, called ABML (argument based machine learning). This approach combines machine learning from examples with some concepts from the field of defeasible argumentation, where arguments are used together with learning examples by learning methods in the induction of a hypothesis. An argument represents a relation between the class value of a particular learning example and its attributes and can be regarded as a partial explanation of this e...

  11. OCR Based Pixel Fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Rami Al-Hmouz

    2012-01-01

    Character recognition is the process that allows the automatic identification of character images, which is generally referred as Optical Character Recognition (OCR). The characters are either handwritten or typed. This study proposed a novel OCR approach based on the likelihood functions of pixels, which were obtained by averaging a trained set of character images. A Bayesian fusion process for all pixel probabilities decides the recognition of characters. Further tests using Support V...

  12. Lignocellulose-based bioproducts

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Keikhosro

    2015-01-01

    This volume provides the technical information required for the production of biofuels and chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass. It starts with a brief overview of the importance, applications, and production processes of different lignocellulosic products. Further chapters review the perspectives of waste-based biofuels and biochemicals; the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production; cellulolytic enzyme systems for the hydrolysis of lignocelluloses; and basic and applied aspects of the production of bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, and biobutanol from lignocelluloses.

  13. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten;

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...... is to allow users in different healthcare scenarios to experiment with service composition to support highly individual and changing needs....

  14. Evidence based pediatrics.

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeta ZISOVSKA

    2015-01-01

    It is very difficult to define the entire phrase “Evidence based pediatrics”, covering all components of this overused sentence. The definition comes out of the common sentence and it means integration of the individual clinical expertize together with the best external clinically available evidence of the systematic reviews which are of interest and benefit of the individual patient.Development of clinically appropriate structured question follows PICO model, i.e. containing f...

  15. Design bases - Concrete structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most suitable title for Section 2 is 'Design Bases', which covers not only calculation but also the following areas: - Structural design concepts. - Project criteria. - Material specifications. These concepts are developed in more detail in the following sections. The numbering in this document is neither complete nor hierarchical since, for easier cross referencing, it corresponds to the paragraphs of Eurocode 2 Part 1 (hereinafter 'EUR-2') which are commented on. (author)

  16. MEMS based reference oscillator

    OpenAIRE

    Hedestig, Joel

    2005-01-01

    The interest in tiny wireless applications raises the demand for an integrated reference oscillator with the same performance as the macroscopic quartz crystal reference oscillators. The main challenge of the thesis is to prove that it is possible to build a MEMS based oscillator that approaches the accuracy level of existing quartz crystal oscillators. The MEMS resonator samples which Philips provides are measured and an equivalent electrical model is designed for them. This model is used in...

  17. Dictionary Based Image Segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Anders Bjorholm; Dahl, Vedrana Andersen

    2015-01-01

    We propose a method for weakly supervised segmentationof natural images, which may contain both textured or non-texturedregions. Our texture representation is based on a dictionary of imagepatches. To divide an image into separated regions with similar texturewe use an implicit level sets representation of the curve, which makesour method topologically adaptive. In addition, we suggest a multi-labelversion of the method. Finally, we improve upon a similar texture representation,by formulating...

  18. Knowledge Based Economy Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-01-01

    The importance of knowledge-based economy (KBE) in the XXI century is evident. In the article the reflection of knowledge on economy is analyzed. The main point is targeted to the analysis of characteristics of knowledge expression in economy and to the construction of structure of KBE expression. This allows understanding the mechanism of functioning of knowledge economy. The authors highlight the possibility to assess the penetration level of KBE which could manifest itself trough the exist...

  19. Instance based function learning

    OpenAIRE

    Ramon, Jan; De Raedt, Luc

    1999-01-01

    The principles of instance based function learning are presented. In IBFL one is given a set of positive examples of a functional predicate. These examples are true ground facts that illustrate the input output behaviour of the predicate. The purpose is then to predict the output of the predicate given a new input. Further assumptions are that there is no background theory and that the inputs and outputs of the predicate consist of structured terms. IBFL is a novel technique that addresses th...

  20. Plasmonics based VLSI processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreya Bhattacharya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In continuum to my previous paper titled‘Implementation of plasmonics in VLSI’, this paperattempts to explore further, the actual physicalrealization of an all-plasmonic chip. In this paper,various methods of plasmon-basedphotolithography have been discussed and anobservation is made w.r.t the cost effectiveness andease of adaptability. Also, plasmonics based activeelement has been discussed which would helpunravel further arenas ofapproaches and methodstowards the realization of an all-plasmonic chip.

  1. Graphene-based nanodynamometer

    OpenAIRE

    Poklonski, N. A.; Siahlo, A. I.; Vyrko, S. A.; Popov, A. M.; Lozovik, Yu. E.; Lebedeva, I. V.; Knizhnik, A. A.

    2013-01-01

    A new concept of an electromechanical nanodynamometer based on the relative displacement of layers of bilayer graphene is proposed. In this nanodynamometer, force acting on one of the graphene layers causes the relative displacement of this layer and related change of conductance between the layers. Such a force can be determined by measurements of the tunneling conductance between the layers. Dependences of the interlayer interaction energy and the conductance between the graphene layers on ...

  2. Molecule-based magnets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J V Yakhmi

    2009-06-01

    The conventional magnetic materials used in current technology, such as, Fe, Fe2O3, Cr2O3, SmCo5, Nd2Fe14B etc are all atom-based, and their preparation/processing require high temperature routes. Employing self-assembly methods, it is possible to engineer a bulk molecular material with long-range magnetic order, mainly because one can play with the weak intermolecular interactions. Since the first successful synthesis of molecular magnets in 1986, a large variety of them have been synthesized, which can be categorized on the basis of the chemical nature of the magnetic units involved: organic-, metal-based systems, heterobimetallic assemblies, or mixed organic–inorganic systems. The design of molecule-based magnets has also been extended to the design of poly-functional molecular magnets, such as those exhibiting second-order optical nonlinearity, liquid crystallinity, or chirality simultaneously with long-range magnetic order. Solubility, low density and biocompatibility are attractive features of molecular magnets. Being weakly coloured, unlike their opaque classical magnet ‘cousins’ listed above, possibilities of photomagnetic switching exist. Persistent efforts also continue to design the ever-elusive polymer magnets towards applications in industry. While providing a brief overview of the field of molecular magnetism, this article highlights some recent developments in it, with emphasis on a few studies from the author’s own lab.

  3. Internet Based Social Lending

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harsh Dhand

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Social lending is community-based lending. The “family and friends” loans community has been extended and formalized to create a marketplace of borrowers and lenders. In Internet-based Social Lending (IBSL, the company runs a website that connects potential lenders with potential borrowers. By removing the overheads and bulky infrastructure of the banking system, IBSL provides lenders a higher rate of return in exchange for only slightly higher risk. Borrowers here are those who are unsatisfied with the rates offered by banks or those that fall outside of the traditional banking systems due to unattractive credit ratings, high risk profiles or project-based, sporadic compensation. Borrowers are also attracted by the possibility of getting lower interest rates. We believe that this has the potential to impact the genesis of many small and medium level enterprises, besides providing a perennial source of financial leverage. The focus of this paper is not just the underlying technology and innovation, but also the market it creates. We take the example of one of the key players in the field, Zopa, and study its organization

  4. Microbead agglutination based assays

    KAUST Repository

    Kodzius, Rimantas

    2013-01-21

    We report a simple and rapid room temperature assay for point-of-care (POC) testing that is based on specific agglutination. Agglutination tests are based on aggregation of microbeads in the presence of a specific analyte thus enabling the macroscopic observation. Such tests are most often used to explore antibody-antigen reactions. Agglutination has been used for protein assays using a biotin/streptavidin system as well as a hybridization based assay. The agglutination systems are prone to selftermination of the linking analyte, prone to active site saturation and loss of agglomeration at high analyte concentrations. We investigated the molecular target/ligand interaction, explaining the common agglutination problems related to analyte self-termination, linkage of the analyte to the same bead instead of different microbeads. We classified the agglutination process into three kinds of assays: a two- component assay, a three-component assay and a stepped three- component assay. Although we compared these three kinds of assays for recognizing DNA and protein molecules, the assay can be used for virtually any molecule, including ions and metabolites. In total, the optimized assay permits detecting analytes with high sensitivity in a short time, 5 min, at room temperature. Such a system is appropriate for POC testing.

  5. Location-based games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejsing-Duun, Stine

    In this dissertation, it is explored which prerequisites are necessary in location-based games (LBGs) to make meaningful the meeting between players and spatiality with an emphasis on physical locations. Throughout the dissertation, it has been shown that LBGs affect players’ perception of and be......In this dissertation, it is explored which prerequisites are necessary in location-based games (LBGs) to make meaningful the meeting between players and spatiality with an emphasis on physical locations. Throughout the dissertation, it has been shown that LBGs affect players’ perception...... experiences of being in the world and the creation of meaning. The theory on motivation defines what motivation consists of and how it relates to our actions. This theory has been combined with theories concerning play and play culture, digital media, (digital) games, (optimal) experiences, landscape...... architecture, everyday practices (related to walking in the city), and the existing theories on LBGs as well as pervasive games. The methodological approach incorporates design-based research. It combines and aims at improving design, research, and practice concurrently. A design of an LBG – Visions of Sara...

  6. Knowledge-based utility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation provides industry examples of successful marketing practices by companies facing deregulation and competition. The common thread through the examples is that long term survival of today's utility structure is dependent on the strategic role of knowledge. As opposed to regulated monopolies which usually own huge physical assets and have very little intelligence about their customers, unregulated enterprises tend to be knowledge-based, characterized by higher market value than book value. A knowledge-based enterprise gathers data, creates information and develops knowledge by leveraging it as a competitive weapon. It institutionalizes human knowledge as a corporate asset for use over and over again by the use of databases, computer networks, patents, billing, collection and customer services (BCCS), branded interfaces and management capabilities. Activities to become knowledge-based such as replacing inventory/fixed assets with information about material usage to reduce expenditure and achieve more efficient operations, and by focusing on integration and value-adding delivery capabilities, were reviewed

  7. Route based forecasting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuurendonk, I. W.; Wokke, M. J. J.

    2009-09-01

    Road surface temperatures can differ several degrees on a very short distance due to local effects. In order to get more insight in the local temperature differences and to develop safer gritting routes, Meteogroup has developed a system for route based temperature forecasting. The standard version of the road model is addressed to forecast road surface temperature and condition for a specific location. This model consists of two parts. First a physical part, based on the energy balance equations. The second part of the model performs a statistical correction on the calculated physical road surface temperature. The road model is able to create a forecast for one specific location. From infrared measurements, we know that large local differences in road surface temperature exist on a route. Differences can be up to 5 degrees Celsius over a distance of several hundreds of meters. Based on those measurements, the idea came up to develop a system that forecasts road surface temperature and condition for an entire route: route based forecasting. The route is split up in sections with equal properties. For each section a temperature and condition will be calculated. The main factors that influence the road surface temperature are modelled in this forecasting system: •The local weather conditions: temperature, dew point temperature, wind, precipitation, weather type, cloudiness. •The sky view: A very sheltered place will receive less radiation during daytime and emit less radiation during nighttime. For a very open spot, the effects are reversed. •The solar view: A road section with trees on the southern side, will receive less solar radiation during daytime than a section with tress on the southern side. The route based forecast shows by means of a clear Google Maps presentation which sections will be slippery at what time of the coming night. The final goal of this type of forecast, is to make dynamical gritting possible: a variable salt amount and a different

  8. Polyolefin-Based Aerogels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Je Kyun; Gould, George

    2012-01-01

    An organic polybutadiene (PB) rubberbased aerogel insulation material was developed that will provide superior thermal insulation and inherent radiation protection, exhibiting the flexibility, resiliency, toughness, and durability typical of the parent polymer, yet with the low density and superior insulation properties associated with the aerogels. The rubbery behaviors of the PB rubber-based aerogels are able to overcome the weak and brittle nature of conventional inorganic and organic aerogel insulation materials. Additionally, with higher content of hydrogen in their structure, the PB rubber aerogels will also provide inherently better radiation protection than those of inorganic and carbon aerogels. Since PB rubber aerogels also exhibit good hydrophobicity due to their hydrocarbon molecular structure, they will provide better performance reliability and durability as well as simpler, more economic, and environmentally friendly production over the conventional silica or other inorganic-based aerogels, which require chemical treatment to make them hydrophobic. Inorganic aerogels such as silica aerogels demonstrate many unusual and useful properties. There are several strategies to overcoming the drawbacks associated with the weakness and brittleness of silica aerogels. Development of the flexible fiber-reinforced silica aerogel composite blanket has proven one promising approach, providing a conveniently fielded form factor that is relatively robust toward handling in industrial environments compared to silica aerogel monoliths. However, the flexible silica aerogel composites still have a brittle, dusty character that may be undesirable, or even intolerable, in certain applications. Although the cross-linked organic aerogels such as resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF), polyisocyanurate, and cellulose aerogels show very high impact strength, they are also very brittle with little elongation (i.e., less rubbery). Also, silica and carbon aerogels are less efficient

  9. Characteristics Data Base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available

  10. Sustainability Base Construction Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mewhinney, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Construction of the new Sustainability Base Collaborative support facility, expected to become the highest performing building in the federal government continues at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif. The new building is designed to achieve a platinum rating under the leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) new construction standards for environmentally sustainable construction developed by the U. S. Green Building Council, Washington, D. C. When completed by the end of 2011, the $20.6 million building will feature near zero net energy consumption, use 90 percent less potable water than conventionally build buildings of equivalent size, and will result in reduced building maintenance costs.

  11. Refractive index based measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    In a method for performing a refractive index based measurement of a property of a fluid such as chemical composition or temperature by observing an apparent angular shift in an interference fringe pattern produced by back or forward scattering interferometry, ambiguities in the measurement caused...... by the apparent shift being consistent with one of a number of numerical possibilities for the real shift which differ by 2n are resolved by combining measurements performed on the same sample using light paths therethrough of differing lengths....

  12. Problem Based Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reng, Lars; Schoenau-Fog, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    At Aalborg University’s department of Medialogy, we are utilizing the Problem Based Learning method to encourage students to solve game design problems by pushing the boundaries and designing innovative games. This paper is concerned with describing this method, how students employ it in various...... projects and how they learn to analyse, design, and develop for innovation by using it. We will present various cases to exemplify the approach and focus on how the method engages students and aspires for innovation in digital entertainment and games....

  13. COMPUTER BASED ENVIRONMENT CONTROLS

    OpenAIRE

    Macoveiciuc Pastorel

    2011-01-01

    The aim of these notes is to give an overview of the main activities of computer based activities controls. The basic principles of computer controls should be common to all sectors and to most types of hardware and software. The absence of a common definition of computer control may, in part, be due to the relative newness of computer controls. A key feature of many organisations today is change. Although not necessarily the driver of change, IT is invariably an intrinsec component and much ...

  14. Vision-based interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Turk, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    In its early years, the field of computer vision was largely motivated by researchers seeking computational models of biological vision and solutions to practical problems in manufacturing, defense, and medicine. For the past two decades or so, there has been an increasing interest in computer vision as an input modality in the context of human-computer interaction. Such vision-based interaction can endow interactive systems with visual capabilities similar to those important to human-human interaction, in order to perceive non-verbal cues and incorporate this information in applications such

  15. Barium zirconate base ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chemical corrosion at high temperatures is a serious problem in the refractory materials field, leading to degradation and bath contamination by elements of the refractory. The main objective of this work was to search for ceramics that could present higher resistance to chemical attack by aggressive molten oxides. The general behaviour of a ceramic material based on barium zirconate (Ba Zr O3) with the addition of different amounts of liquid phase former was investigated. The densification behaviour occurred during different heat treatments, as well as the microstructure development, as a function of the additives and their reactions with the main phase, were observed and are discussed. (author)

  16. Microcontroller based electronic load

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A microcontroller based electronic load has been designed and developed for testing of power supplies in CAT, Indore. This system is designed to operate in 4 different modes viz. constant current, constant power, constant resistance and constant resistance-inductance mode. This dynamic electronic load is very useful because a single load can be used in four different modes and different values can be emulated in each mode. It can be used as a switching load too. User interface has been provided to set the mode of operation and the set point during run time. (author)

  17. Speckle-based wavemeter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanson, Steen Grüner; Jakobsen, Michael Linde; Chakrabarti, Maumita

    2015-01-01

    A spectrometer based on the application of dynamic speckles will be disclosed. The method relies on scattering of primarily coherent radiation from a slanted rough surface. The scattered radiation is collected on a detector array and the speckle displacement is monitored during a change in the...... incident wavelength. The change of wavelength gives an almost linear phaseshift across the scattering surface resulting in an almost linear shift of the speckle pattern, which is subsequently monitored. It is argued that frequency changes close to 100 MHz can be probed using a common CMOS array...

  18. Teradata data base computer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-04-01

    To meet the growing demand for information management of large databases, Teradata Corporation has introduced the DBC/1012 data base computer, an IBM plug-compatible system that can handle data volumes up to a trillion bytes. Teradata estimates the DBC/1012 to be one-third the cost of an all-software relational system on a general purpose mainframe. Cost effectiveness, as well as fault tolerance, is achieved by a parallel architecture which processes data asynchronously using multiple independent microprocessors. Another cost saving results from the resources on the host mainframe that become available once the mainframe is relieved of the burden of maintaining the database.

  19. Wood-Based Bioenergy

    OpenAIRE

    Hoel, Michael; Sletten, Thea Marcelia

    2014-01-01

    During recent years increased attention has been given to second-generation wood-based bioenergy. The carbon stored in the forest is highest when there is little or no harvest from the forest. Increasing the harvest from a forest, in order to produce more bioenergy, may thus conflict with the direct benefit of the forest as a carbon sink. We analyze this conflict using a simple model where bioenergy and fossil energy are perfect substitutes. Our analysis shows how the social optimum will depe...

  20. OCR Based Pixel Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rami Al-Hmouz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Character recognition is the process that allows the automatic identification of character images, which is generally referred as Optical Character Recognition (OCR. The characters are either handwritten or typed. This study proposed a novel OCR approach based on the likelihood functions of pixels, which were obtained by averaging a trained set of character images. A Bayesian fusion process for all pixel probabilities decides the recognition of characters. Further tests using Support Vector Machine (SVM classifier were carried out on characters with the same shape. This method was used to test noisy images and achieved an accuracy of 97.95%, thus, outperforming other OCR methods.

  1. Technical Design Report BASE

    CERN Document Server

    Ulmer, S; Smorra, C; Blaum, K; Franke, K; Matsuda, Y; Nagahama, H; Quint, W; Walz, J; Mooser, A; Schneider, G; CERN. Geneva. SPS and PS Experiments Committee; SPSC

    2013-01-01

    We propose a direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment, or g-factor, of a single antiproton stored in a cryogenic Penning trap. Currently the most precise value of the magnetic moment of the antiproton is extracted from super-hyperfine spectroscopy of antiprotonic helium atoms, and known with a relative precision of only about 3 10^{-3}. BASE aims at a measurement with a relative precision of 10^{-9} or better. A Letter of Intent which was submitted to CERN was welcomed by the SPSC and we were invited to submit this Technical Design Report.

  2. Bi-based superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Mousavi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available   In this paper, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (BCSCCO system superconductor is made by the solid state reaction method. The effect of doping Pb, Cd, Sb, Cu and annealing time on the critical temperature and critical current density have been investigated. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the fraction of Bi-2223 phase in the Bi- based superconductor, critical temperature and critical current density depend on the annealing temperature, annealing time and the kind and amount of doping .

  3. Agent-Based Optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Jędrzejowicz, Piotr; Kacprzyk, Janusz

    2013-01-01

    This volume presents a collection of original research works by leading specialists focusing on novel and promising approaches in which the multi-agent system paradigm is used to support, enhance or replace traditional approaches to solving difficult optimization problems. The editors have invited several well-known specialists to present their solutions, tools, and models falling under the common denominator of the agent-based optimization. The book consists of eight chapters covering examples of application of the multi-agent paradigm and respective customized tools to solve  difficult optimization problems arising in different areas such as machine learning, scheduling, transportation and, more generally, distributed and cooperative problem solving.

  4. RF Based Spy

    OpenAIRE

    Robot Prerna Jain; Pallavi N. Firke

    2014-01-01

    The intention of this paper is to reduce human victims in terrorist attack such as 26/11. So this problem can be overcome by designing the RF based spy robot which involves wireless camera. so that from this we can examine rivals when it required. This robot can quietly enter into enemy area and sends us the information via wireless camera. On the other hand one more feature is added in this robot that is colour sensor. Colour sensor senses the colour of surface and according ...

  5. Mars base buildup scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two surface base build-up scenarios are presented in order to help visualize the mission and to serve as a basis for trade studies. In the first scenario, direct manned landings on the Martian surface occur early in the missions and scientific investigation is the main driver and rationale. In the second scenario, early development of an infrastructure to exploite the volatile resources of the Martian moons for economic purposes is emphasized. Scientific exploration of the surface is delayed at first, but once begun develops rapidly aided by the presence of a permanently manned orbital station

  6. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundstrom, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Alphavirus vectors based on Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus have been widely applied for vaccine development. Naked RNA replicons, recombinant viral particles, and layered DNA vectors have been subjected to immunization in preclinical animal models with antigens for viral targets and tumor antigens. Moreover, a limited number of clinical trials have been conducted in humans. Vaccination with alphavirus vectors has demonstrated efficient immune responses and has showed protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus and tumor cells, respectively. Moreover, vaccines have been developed against alphaviruses causing epidemics such as Chikungunya virus. PMID:27076308

  7. WAP - based telemedicine applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Telemedicine refers to the utilization of telecommunication technology for medical diagnosis, treatment, and patient care. Its aim is to provide expert-based health care to remote sites through telecommunication and information technologies. The significant advances in technologies have enabled the introduction of a broad range of telemedicine applications, which are supported by computer networks, wireless communication, and information superhighway. For example, some hospitals are using tele-radiology for remote consultation. Such a system includes medical imaging devices networked with computers and databases. Another growing area is patient monitoring, in which sensors are used to acquire biomedical signals, such as electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure, and body temperature, from a remote patient, who could be in bed or moving freely. The signals are then relayed to remote systems for viewing and analysis. Telemedicine can be divided into two basic modes of operations: real-time mode, in which the patient data can be accessed remotely in real-time, and store-and-forward mode, in which the acquired data does not have to be accessed immediately. In the recent years, many parties have demonstrated various telemedicine applications based on the Internet and cellular phone as these two fields have been developing rapidly. A current, recognizable trend in telecommunication is the convergence of wireless communication and computer network technologies. This has been reflected in recently developed telemedicine systems. For example, in 1998 J. Reponen, et al. have demonstrated transmission and display of computerized tomography (CT) examinations using a remote portable computer wirelessly connected to a computer network through TCP/IP on a GSM cellular phone. Two years later, they carried out the same tests with a GSM-based wireless personal digital assistant (PDA). The WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) Forum was founded in 1997 to create a global protocol

  8. Cellular based cancer vaccines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten; Met, O; Svane, I M;

    2012-01-01

    Cancer vaccines designed to re-calibrate the existing host-tumour interaction, tipping the balance from tumor acceptance towards tumor control holds huge potential to complement traditional cancer therapies. In general, limited success has been achieved with vaccines composed of tumor...... in vitro migration via autocrine receptor-mediated endocytosis of CCR7. In the current review, we discuss optimal design of DC maturation focused on pre-clinical as well as clinical results from standard and polarized dendritic cell based cancer vaccines....

  9. Pitch Based Sound Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Andreas Brinch; Hansen, Lars Kai; Kjems, U.

    2006-01-01

    A sound classification model is presented that can classify signals into music, noise and speech. The model extracts the pitch of the signal using the harmonic product spectrum. Based on the pitch estimate and a pitch error measure, features are created and used in a probabilistic model with soft-max output function. Both linear and quadratic inputs are used. The model is trained on 2 hours of sound and tested on publicly available data. A test classification error below 0.05 with 1 s classif...

  10. Moon base reactor system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, H.; Flores, J.; Nguyen, M.; Carsen, K.

    1989-01-01

    The objective of our reactor design is to supply a lunar-based research facility with 20 MW(e). The fundamental layout of this lunar-based system includes the reactor, power conversion devices, and a radiator. The additional aim of this reactor is a longevity of 12 to 15 years. The reactor is a liquid metal fast breeder that has a breeding ratio very close to 1.0. The geometry of the core is cylindrical. The metallic fuel rods are of beryllium oxide enriched with varying degrees of uranium, with a beryllium core reflector. The liquid metal coolant chosen was natural lithium. After the liquid metal coolant leaves the reactor, it goes directly into the power conversion devices. The power conversion devices are Stirling engines. The heated coolant acts as a hot reservoir to the device. It then enters the radiator to be cooled and reenters the Stirling engine acting as a cold reservoir. The engines' operating fluid is helium, a highly conductive gas. These Stirling engines are hermetically sealed. Although natural lithium produces a lower breeding ratio, it does have a larger temperature range than sodium. It is also corrosive to steel. This is why the container material must be carefully chosen. One option is to use an expensive alloy of cerbium and zirconium. The radiator must be made of a highly conductive material whose melting point temperature is not exceeded in the reactor and whose structural strength can withstand meteor showers.

  11. Accelerator-based BNCT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The activity in accelerator development for accelerator-based BNCT (AB-BNCT) both worldwide and in Argentina is described. Projects in Russia, UK, Italy, Japan, Israel, and Argentina to develop AB-BNCT around different types of accelerators are briefly presented. In particular, the present status and recent progress of the Argentine project will be reviewed. The topics will cover: intense ion sources, accelerator tubes, transport of intense beams, beam diagnostics, the 9Be(d,n) reaction as a possible neutron source, Beam Shaping Assemblies (BSA), a treatment room, and treatment planning in realistic cases. - Highlights: • The activity in accelerator development for accelerator-based BNCT (AB-BNCT) both worldwide and in Argentina is described. • Projects in Russia, UK, Italy, Japan, Israel, and Argentina to develop AB-BNCT around different types of accelerators are briefly presented. • The present status and recent progress of the Argentine project will be reviewed. • Topics cover intense ion sources, accelerator tubes, transport of intense beams and beam diagnostics, among others

  12. Model Based Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Sidney E.

    2010-01-01

    In September 2007, the Engineering Directorate at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) created the Design System Focus Team (DSFT). MSFC was responsible for the in-house design and development of the Ares 1 Upper Stage and the Engineering Directorate was preparing to deploy a new electronic Configuration Management and Data Management System with the Design Data Management System (DDMS) based upon a Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) Product Data Management (PDM) System. The DSFT was to establish standardized CAD practices and a new data life cycle for design data. Of special interest here, the design teams were to implement Model Based Definition (MBD) in support of the Upper Stage manufacturing contract. It is noted that this MBD does use partially dimensioned drawings for auxiliary information to the model. The design data lifecycle implemented several new release states to be used prior to formal release that allowed the models to move through a flow of progressive maturity. The DSFT identified some 17 Lessons Learned as outcomes of the standards development, pathfinder deployments and initial application to the Upper Stage design completion. Some of the high value examples are reviewed.

  13. Design Based Wilderness Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher R. Saulnier

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT has been collaborating since 2010 with the Singapore Ministry of Education to help develop the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD. One element of this collaboration, the Global Leadership Program (GLP, aims to provide SUTD students with the opportunity to interact with the MIT community and experience MIT’s academic culture. During GLP students participate in a program designed to develop leadership ability while also increasing their understanding of engineering science and design thinking. This paper introduces a curriculum combining the pedagogies of design-based learning and wilderness education that was implemented in the summer of 2014 to holistically address the development of these three competencies. Through design-based learning activities, both for and in a natural environment, students were encouraged to develop competencies in engineering science and engineering design while exploring the diverse attributes essential for success as an engineer. This paper examines the results of a retrospective post-then-pre survey administered to the participants upon completion of the program to explore the effects of the program on the development of professional engineering competencies. We find a statistically significant increase in items associated with Individual Leadership Skill, Group Leadership Skill and the role of Society and the Economy. These results are triangulated with student exit interviews and instructor observations.

  14. Challenge Based Innovation gala

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Utriainen, Tuuli Maria; Toivonen, Harri; Nordberg, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Challenge Based Innovation gala   There’s a new experiment starting in CERN called IdeaLab where we work together with detector R&D researchers to help them to bridge their knowledge into a more human, societally oriented context. Currently we are located in B153, but will move our activities to a new facility next to the Globe in May 2014. One of our first pilot projects is a 5 month course CBI (Challenge Based Innovation) where two multidisciplinary student teams join forces with Edusafe & TALENT projects at CERN. Their goal is to discover what kind of tools for learning could be created in collaboration with the two groups. After months of user interviews and low resolution prototyping they are ready to share the results with us in the form of an afternoon gala. We warmly welcome you to join us to see the students' results and experience the prototypes they have conceived. The event is in three parts, you are welcome to visit all of them,...

  15. Microlaser-based displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergstedt, Robert; Fink, Charles G.; Flint, Graham W.; Hargis, David E.; Peppler, Philipp W.

    1997-07-01

    Laser Power Corporation has developed a new type of projection display, based upon microlaser technology and a novel scan architecture, which provides the foundation for bright, extremely high resolution images. A review of projection technologies is presented along with the limitations of each and the difficulties they experience in trying to generate high resolution imagery. The design of the microlaser based projector is discussed along with the advantage of this technology. High power red, green, and blue microlasers have been designed and developed specifically for use in projection displays. These sources, in combination with high resolution, high contrast modulator, produce a 24 bit color gamut, capable of supporting the full range of real world colors. The new scan architecture, which reduces the modulation rate and scan speeds required, is described. This scan architecture, along with the inherent brightness of the laser provides the fundamentals necessary to produce a 5120 by 4096 resolution display. The brightness and color uniformity of the display is excellent, allowing for tiling of the displays with far fewer artifacts than those in a traditionally tiled display. Applications for the display include simulators, command and control centers, and electronic cinema.

  16. Knowledge Based Economy Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalina Cristina Tocan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The importance of knowledge-based economy (KBE in the XXI century isevident. In the article the reflection of knowledge on economy is analyzed. The main point is targeted to the analysis of characteristics of knowledge expression in economy and to the construction of structure of KBE expression. This allows understanding the mechanism of functioning of knowledge economy. Theauthors highlight the possibility to assess the penetration level of KBE which could manifest itself trough the existence of products of knowledge expression which could be created in acquisition, creation, usage and development of them. The latter phenomenon is interpreted as knowledge expression characteristics: economic and social context, human resources, ICT, innovative business and innovation policy. The reason for this analysis was based on the idea that in spite of the knowledge economy existence in all developed World countries adefinitive, universal list of indicators for mapping and measuring the KBE does not yet exists. Knowledge Expression Assessment Models are presented in the article.

  17. Constraint-based reachability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Gotlieb

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Iterative imperative programs can be considered as infinite-state systems computing over possibly unbounded domains. Studying reachability in these systems is challenging as it requires to deal with an infinite number of states with standard backward or forward exploration strategies. An approach that we call Constraint-based reachability, is proposed to address reachability problems by exploring program states using a constraint model of the whole program. The keypoint of the approach is to interpret imperative constructions such as conditionals, loops, array and memory manipulations with the fundamental notion of constraint over a computational domain. By combining constraint filtering and abstraction techniques, Constraint-based reachability is able to solve reachability problems which are usually outside the scope of backward or forward exploration strategies. This paper proposes an interpretation of classical filtering consistencies used in Constraint Programming as abstract domain computations, and shows how this approach can be used to produce a constraint solver that efficiently generates solutions for reachability problems that are unsolvable by other approaches.

  18. BIOMETRICS BASED USER AUTHENTICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanuj Tiwari

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Biometrics is automated methods of recognizing a person based on a physiological or behavioral characteristic. Biometrics technologies are base for a plethora of highly secure identification and personal verification solutions. It is measurement of biological characteristics – either physiological or behavioral – that verify the claimed identity of an individual. Physiological biometrics include fingerprints, iris recognition. voice verification, retina recognition, palm vein patterns, finger vein patterns, hand geometry and DNA But there arises a need for more robust systems in order to tackle the increasing incidents of security breaches and frauds. So there is always a need for fool proof technology that can provide security and safety to individuals and the transactions that the individuals make. Biometrics is increasingly used by organizations to verify identities, but coupled with quantum cryptography it offers a new range of security benefits with quantum cryptography where we form a key when we need it and then destroy it. In this paper, we give a brief overview of the field of biometrics and summarize some of its advantages, disadvantages, strengths, limitations, and related privacy concerns.

  19. Workplace Based Assessment in Psychiatry

    OpenAIRE

    Ayse Devrim Basterzi; O. Surel Karabilgin

    2009-01-01

    Workplace based assessment refers to the assessment of working practices based on what doctors actually do in the workplace, and is predominantly carried out in the workplace itself. Assessment drives learning and it is therefore essential that workplace-based assessment focuses on important attributes rather than what is easiest to assess. Workplacebased assessment is usually competency based. Workplace based assesments may well facilitate and enhance various aspects of educational supervisi...

  20. MS Based Metabonomics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Want, Elizabeth J.; Metz, Thomas O.

    2010-03-01

    Metabonomics is the latest and least mature of the systems biology triad, which also includes genomics and proteomics, and has its origins in the early orthomolecular medicine work pioneered by Linus Pauling and Arthur Robinson. It was defined by Nicholson and colleagues in 1999 as the quantitative measurement of perturbations in the metabolite complement of an integrated biological system in response to internal or external stimuli, and is often used today to describe many non-global types of metabolite analyses. Applications of metabonomics are extensive and include toxicology, nutrition, pharmaceutical research and development, physiological monitoring and disease diagnosis. For example, blood samples from millions of neonates are tested routinely by mass spectrometry (MS) as a diagnostic tool for inborn errors of metabolism. The metabonome encompasses a wide range of structurally diverse metabolites; therefore, no single analytical platform will be sufficient. Specialized sample preparation and detection techniques are required, and advances in NMR and MS technologies have led to enhanced metabonome coverage, which in turn demands improved data analysis approaches. The role of MS in metabonomics is still evolving as instrumentation and software becomes more sophisticated and as researchers realize the strengths and limitations of current technology. MS offers a wide dynamic range, high sensitivity, and reproducible, quantitative analysis. These attributes are essential for addressing the challenges of metabonomics, as the range of metabolite concentrations easily exceeds nine orders of magnitude in biofluids, and the diversity of molecular species ranges from simple amino and organic acids to lipids and complex carbohydrates. Additional challenges arise in generating a comprehensive metabolite profile, downstream data processing and analysis, and structural characterization of important metabolites. A typical workflow of MS-based metabonomics is shown in Figure

  1. Space-Based Range

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Space-Based Range (SBR), previously known as Space-Based Telemetry and Range Safety (STARS), is a multicenter NASA proof-of-concept project to determine if space-based communications using NASA's Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) can support the Range Safety functions of acquiring tracking data and generating flight termination signals, while also providing broadband Range User data such as voice, video, and vehicle/payload data. There was a successful test of the Range Safety system at Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) on December 20, 2005, on a two-stage Terrier-Orion spin-stabilized sounding rocket. SBR transmitted GPS tracking data and maintained links with two TDRSS satellites simultaneously during the 10-min flight. The payload section deployed a parachute, landed in the Atlantic Ocean about 90 miles downrange from the launch site, and was successfully recovered. During the Terrier-Orion tests flights, more than 99 percent of all forward commands and more than 95 percent of all return frames were successfully received and processed. The time latency necessary for a command to travel from WFF over landlines to White Sands Complex and then to the vehicle via TDRSS, be processed onboard, and then be sent back to WFF was between 1.0 s and 1.1 s. The forward-link margins for TDRS-10 (TDRS East [TDE]) were 11 dB to 12 dB plus or minus 2 dB, and for TDRS-4 (TDRS Spare [TDS]) were 9 dB to 10 dB plus or minus 1.5 dB. The return-link margins for both TDE and TDS were 6 dB to 8 dB plus or minus 3 dB. There were 11 flights on an F-15B at Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) between November 2006 and February 2007. The Range User system tested a 184-element TDRSS Ku-band (15 GHz) phased-array antenna with data rates of 5 Mbps and 10 Mbps. This data was a combination of black-and-white cockpit video, Range Safety tracking and transceiver data, and aircraft and antenna controller data streams. IP data formatting was used.

  2. Nanocrystalline copper based microcomposites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.P. Stobrawa

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this work was to investigate microstructure, mechanical properties and deformation behavior of copper microcomposites: Cu- Y2O3, Cu- ZrO2 and Cu-WC produced by powder metallurgy techniques.Design/methodology/approach: Tests were made with Cu-Y2O3, Cu-ZrO2 and Cu-WC microcomposites containing up to 2% of a strengthening phase. The materials were fabricated by powder metallurgy techniques, including milling of powders, followed by their compacting and sintering. The main mechanical properties of the materials were determined from the compression test and, additionally, measurements of HV hardness and electrical conductivity were made. Analysis of the initial nanocrystalline structure of these materials was made and its evolution during sintering and cold deformation was investigated.Findings: It was found out that addition of up to 2 wt.% of a strengthening phase significantly improves mechanical properties of the material and increases its softening point. The obtained strengthening effect have been discussed based on the existing theories related to strengthening of nanocrystalline materials. The studies have shown importance of “flows” existing in the consolidated materials and sintered materials in pores or regions of poor powder particle connection which significantly deteriorate the mechanical properties of microcomposites produced by powder metallurgy.Research limitations/implications: The powder metallurgy techniques make it possible to obtain copperbased bulk materials by means of input powder milling in a planetary ball mill, followed by compacting and sintering. Additional operations of hot extrusion are also often used. There is some danger, however, that during high-temperature processing or application of these materials at elevated or high temperatures this nanometric structure may become unstable.Practical implications: A growing trend to use new copper based microcomposites is observed recently worldwide

  3. Mucin-Based Vaccines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Jonathan P.; MacMillan, Derek

    Mucins are heavily O-glycosylated cell surface and secreted glycoproteins . In addition to orchestrating cell-extracellular matrix and cell-cell interactions in healthy organisms mucins are also the major carriers of altered glycosylation in carcinomas. Tumor-associated antigens displayed by cancer cells comprise oligosaccharide and glycopeptide motifs not encountered in the same locale or at the same frequency in healthy cells, and potentially confer a selective advantage to the tumor. Frequently tumor-associated antigens are under-glycosylated and prematurely sialylated, and it is these relatively simple saccharide and glycopeptide structures that have been targeted to serve as drug candidates in most cases. A major goal is to assemble glycopeptide vaccine candidates based on partial mucin sequences and displaying tumor-associated antigens that can mount a potent immunological tumor-specific response when, in reality, the tumor has already coerced the immune system into a state of co-existence.

  4. Situation based housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder; Welling, Helen; Wiell Nordberg, Lene;

    2007-01-01

    variety of approaches to these goals. This working paper reviews not only a selection of new housing types, but also dwellings from the past, which each contain an aspect of changeability. Our study is based on information from users in the selected housing schemes, gathered from questionnaires...... the average family's lifestyle. These dwellings were ground-breaking when they were built, but today are clearly a product of their time. The reaction to functionalism and the postwar mass production gave rise to flexible dwelling with countless possibilities for room division. The housing of this...... period has characteristics which in the long run have proven to be unfortunate both in terms in terms of durability and architectural quality. Today there is a focus on the development of more open and functionally non-determined housing. A number of new housing schemes in and around Copenhagen reveal a...

  5. Touching base with OPERA

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Three seminars – at CERN, at Gran Sasso and in Japan – and an article calling for the scrutiny of the scientific community: the OPERA Collaboration opened its research publicly. In addition to huge press coverage, this triggered welcome reactions from colleagues around the world, many of whom will attempt to independently interpret and reproduce the measurement. OPERA’s Spokesperson touches base with the Bulletin.   The CERN Main Auditorium was crowded as OPERA Physics co-ordinator Dario Autiero presented the results of their research (23 September 2011). According to the OPERA strategy, the results of the measurements are in the hands of the scientific community and, as for any other scientific result, several months will be needed before other groups will be able to perform an independent measurement. In the meantime, the OPERA Collaboration is dealing with an avalanche of emails from the scientific community, members of the general public, and the press. &...

  6. Plasma based accelerators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldwell, Allen [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    The concept of laser-induced plasma wakefields as a technique to accelerate charged particles was introduced 35 years ago as a means to go beyond the accelerating gradients possible with metallic cavities supporting radio frequency electromagnetic fields. Significant developments in laser technology have made possible the pulse intensity needed to realize this concept, and rapid progress is now underway in the realization of laser-driven plasma wakefield acceleration. It has also been realized that similar accelerating gradients can be produced by particle beams propagating in plasmas, and experimental programs have also been undertaken to study this possibility. Positive results have been achieved with electron-driven plasma wakefields, and a demonstration experiment with proton-driven wakefields is under construction at CERN. The concepts behind these different schemes and their pros and cons are described, as well as the experimental results achieved. An outlook for future practical uses of plasma based accelerators will also be given.

  7. Integrated data base program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IDB Program provides direct support to the DOE Nuclear Waste Management and Fuel Cycle Programs and their lead sites and support contractors by providing and maintaining a current, integrated data base of spent fuel and radioactive waste inventories and projections. All major waste types (HLW, TRU, and LLW) and sources (government, commerical fuel cycle, and I/I) are included. A major data compilation was issued in September, 1981: Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste Inventories and Projections as of December 31, 1980, DOE/NE-0017. This report includes chapters on Spent Fuel, HLW, TRU Waste, LLW, Remedial Action Waste, Active Uranium Mill Tailings, and Airborne Waste, plus Appendices with more detailed data in selected areas such as isotopics, radioactivity, thermal power, projections, and land usage. The LLW sections include volumes, radioactivity, thermal power, current inventories, projected inventories and characteristics, source terms, land requirements, and a breakdown in terms of government/commercial and defense/fuel cycle/I and I

  8. Al - BASED CAST COMPOSITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakesh Kumar Yadav

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The economy is very important feature nowadays in themarket. The researches are playing an important role inengineering field to increase the life of machine parts /components and decrease the cost. The compositematerials have the potential to replace widely used steeland aluminium due to their good characteristics withbetter performance. The Al-based composites have foundextensive applications in automobile industries andaerospace industries due to their increased stiffness,strength, thermal conductivity and wear resistanceproperties. A number of particulate phases have beenemployed in the Al-alloy matrix. The cast aluminiumceramicparticulate composites are finding applications inpistons, connecting rods, cylinder liner, engine cylinderblock, electrical contacts etc.The present investigation isbased on study of the effect of particulate phase on theSEM study, micro-hardness, elastic modulus, tensilestrength and the wear behaviour of Al-5 % SiC-7 % Fe,Al-10 % SiC-6 % Fe and Al-15 % SiC-5 % Fe composites.

  9. Space-based detectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sesana, A.; Weber, W. J.; Killow, C. J.;

    2014-01-01

    planned for 2015. This mission and its payload “LISA Technology Package” will demonstrate key technologies for LISA. In this context, reference masses in free fall for LISA, and gravitational physics in general, was described by William Weber, laser interferometry at the pico-metre level and the optical......The parallel session C5 on Space-Based Detectors gave a broad overview over the planned space missions related to gravitational wave detection. Overviews of the revolutionary science to be expected from LISA was given by Alberto Sesana and Sasha Buchman. The launch of LISA Pathfinder (LPF) is...... bench of LPF was presented by Christian Killow and the performance of the LPF optical metrology system by Paul McNamara. While LPF will not yet be sensitive to gravitational waves, it may nevertheless be used to explore fundamental physics questions, which was discussed by Michele Armano. Some parts of...

  10. Base isolation: Fresh insight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shustov, V.

    1993-07-15

    The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

  11. Graphene based biosensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gürel, Hikmet Hakan; Salmankurt, Bahadır

    2016-03-01

    Nanometer-sized graphene as a 2D material has unique chemical and electronic properties. Because of its unique physical, chemical, and electronic properties, its interesting shape and size make it a promising nanomaterial in many biological applications. It is expected that biomaterials incorporating graphene will be developed for the graphene-based drug delivery systems and biomedical devices. The interactions of biomolecules and graphene are long-ranged and very weak. Development of new techniques is very desirable for design of bioelectronics sensors and devices. In this work, we present first-principles calculations within density functional theory to calculate effects of charging on nucleobases on graphene. It is shown that how modify structural and electronic properties of nucleobases on graphene by applied charging.

  12. PROcess Based Diagnostics PROBE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clune, T.; Schmidt, G.; Kuo, K.; Bauer, M.; Oloso, H.

    2013-01-01

    Many of the aspects of the climate system that are of the greatest interest (e.g., the sensitivity of the system to external forcings) are emergent properties that arise via the complex interplay between disparate processes. This is also true for climate models most diagnostics are not a function of an isolated portion of source code, but rather are affected by multiple components and procedures. Thus any model-observation mismatch is hard to attribute to any specific piece of code or imperfection in a specific model assumption. An alternative approach is to identify diagnostics that are more closely tied to specific processes -- implying that if a mismatch is found, it should be much easier to identify and address specific algorithmic choices that will improve the simulation. However, this approach requires looking at model output and observational data in a more sophisticated way than the more traditional production of monthly or annual mean quantities. The data must instead be filtered in time and space for examples of the specific process being targeted.We are developing a data analysis environment called PROcess-Based Explorer (PROBE) that seeks to enable efficient and systematic computation of process-based diagnostics on very large sets of data. In this environment, investigators can define arbitrarily complex filters and then seamlessly perform computations in parallel on the filtered output from their model. The same analysis can be performed on additional related data sets (e.g., reanalyses) thereby enabling routine comparisons between model and observational data. PROBE also incorporates workflow technology to automatically update computed diagnostics for subsequent executions of a model. In this presentation, we will discuss the design and current status of PROBE as well as share results from some preliminary use cases.

  13. Base Research Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Everett Sondreal; John Hendrikson

    2009-03-31

    In June 2009, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed 11 years of research under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Base Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy (OFE) and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). A wide range of diverse research activities were performed under annual program plans approved by NETL in seven major task areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, (6) advanced materials, and (7) strategic studies. This report summarizes results of the 67 research subtasks and an additional 50 strategic studies. Selected highlights in the executive summary illustrate the contribution of the research to the energy industry in areas not adequately addressed by the private sector alone. During the period of performance of the agreement, concerns have mounted over the impact of carbon emissions on climate change, and new programs have been initiated by DOE to ensure that fossil fuel resources along with renewable resources can continue to supply the nation's transportation fuel and electric power. The agreement has addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration while expanding the supply and use of domestic energy resources for energy security. It has further contributed to goals for near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources (e.g., wind-, biomass-, and coal-based electrical generation).

  14. The office based CHIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Passariello F

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fausto Passariello,1 Stefano Ermini,2 Massimo Cappelli,3 Roberto Delfrate,4 Claude Franceschi5 1Centro Diagnostico Aquarius, Napoli, Italy; 2Private Practice, Grassina, Italy; 3Private Practice, Firenze, Italy; 4Casa di Cure Figlie di Maria, Cremona, Italy; 5Hospital St Joseph, Service d'Explorations Vasculaires, Paris, France Abstract: The cure Conservatrice Hémodynamique de l'Insuffisance Veineuse en Ambulatoire (CHIVA can be office based (OB. The OB-CHIVA protocol is aimed at transferring CHIVA procedures to specialists rooms. The protocol will check the feasibility of OB-CHIVA, data pertaining to recurrence, and will offer the opportunity to study saphenous femoral junction (SFJ stump evolution, the role of the washing vessels and the arch recanalization rate, and gather new data about the effect of the length of the treated saphenous vein. A simplified diagnostic procedure will allow an essential ultrasound examination of the venous net while a schematic and easily readable algorithm guides therapeutic choices. The Riobamba draining crossotomy (RDC tactic is composed of a set of OB procedures. While some of these procedures are, at the moment, only proposals, others are already applied. Devices generally used in ablative procedures such as Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER, radio frequency, steam, and mechanical devices are used in this context to serve to conservative interventions for CHIVA. New techniques have also been proposed for devalvulation and tributary disconnection. Detailed follow-up is necessary in order to determine the effects of therapy and possible disease evolution. Finally, information is added about the informed consent and the ethical considerations of OB-CHIVA research. Keywords: CHIVA, office based procedures, LASER, RF, steam

  15. Usability Issues in Content Based Multimedia Computer Based Trainings

    OpenAIRE

    Khan, Muhammad Qasim; Rehman, Zia ur

    2009-01-01

    In distance education, students and teachers are at different places and interact with each other with the help of different technologies. Broadcast television, two-way video conferencing, asynchronous learning mode, virtual learning environment (VLE) and content based multimedia computer based trainings (CB-MCBTs) are some of the technologies used to provide distance education. Content Based Multimedia Computer Based Trainings (CB-MCBT) is a computerized learning environment. The acceptance ...

  16. Computer-based multi-channel analyzer based on internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Combined the technology of Internet with computer-based multi-channel analyzer, a new kind of computer-based multi-channel analyzer system which is based on browser is presented. Its framework and principle as well as its implementation are discussed

  17. Velocity resolved [C ii], [C i], and CO observations of the N159 star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud: a complex velocity structure and variation of the column densities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okada, Yoko; Requena-Torres, Miguel Angel; Güsten, Rolf; Stutzki, Jürgen; Wiesemeyer, Helmut; Pütz, Patrick; Ricken, Oliver

    2015-08-01

    Context. The [C ii] 158 μm fine structure line is one of the dominant cooling lines in star-forming active regions. Together with models of photon-dominated regions, the data is used to constrain the physical properties of the emitting regions, such as the density and the radiation field strength. According to the modeling, the [C ii] 158 μm line integrated intensity compared to the CO emission is expected to be stronger in lower metallicity environments owing to lower dust shielding of the UV radiation, a trend that is also shown by spectral-unresolved observations. In the commonly assumed clumpy UV-penetrated cloud scenario, the models predict a [C ii] line profile similar to that of CO. However, recent spectral-resolved observations by Herschel/HIFI and SOFIA/GREAT (as well as the observations presented here) show that the velocity resolved line profile of the [C ii] emission is often very different from that of CO lines, indicating a more complex origin of the line emission including the dynamics of the source region. Aims: The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) provides an excellent opportunity to study in great detail the physics of the interstellar medium (ISM) in a low-metallicity environment by spatially resolving individual star-forming regions. The aim of our study is to investigate the physical properties of the star-forming ISM in the LMC by separating the origin of the emission lines spatially and spectrally. In this paper, we focus on the spectral characteristics and the origin of the emission lines, and the phases of carbon-bearing species in the N159 star-forming region in the LMC. Methods: We mapped a 4' × (3'-4') region in N159 in [C ii] 158 μm and [N ii] 205 μm with the GREAT instrument on board SOFIA. We also observed CO(3-2), (4-3), (6-5), 13CO(3-2), and [C i] 3P1-3P0 and 3P2-3P1 with APEX. All spectra are velocity resolved. Results: The emission of all transitions observed shows a large variation in the line profiles across the map and in particular between the different species. At most positions the [C ii] emission line profile is substantially wider than that of CO and [C i]. We estimated the fraction of the [C ii] integrated line emission that cannot be fitted by the CO line profile to be 20% around the CO cores, and up to 50% at the area between the cores, indicating a gas component that has a much larger velocity dispersion than the ones probed by the CO and [C i] emission. We derived the relative contribution from C+, C, and CO to the column density in each velocity bin. The result clearly shows that the contribution from C+ dominates the velocity range far from the velocities traced by the dense molecular gas. Spatially, the region located between the CO cores of N159 W and E has a higher fraction of C+ over the whole velocity range. We estimate the contribution of the ionized gas to the [C ii] emission using the ratio to the [N ii] emission, and find that the ionized gas contributes ≤19% to the [C ii] emission at its peak position, and ≤15% over the whole observed region. Using the integrated line intensities, we present the spatial distribution of I[CII]/IFIR. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the [C ii] emission in the LMC N159 region shows significantly different velocity profiles from that of CO and [C i] emissions, emphasizing the importance of velocity resolved observations in order to distinguish different cloud components.

  18. Influenţa arderii si a calităţii cărbunelui în sobele casnice şi în focarele generatoarelor de abur asupra poluării mediului ambiant

    OpenAIRE

    Petrilean, Dan Codrut

    2008-01-01

    It was drawn balance a steam generator. We determined the pollutant emissions from coal combustion in the furnace Jiu Valley steam generator with an output of 150 MW. As an example of the steam generator was considered the type BabkoK Hitachi with turbine Turbao + Atom, in cogeneration.

  19. On the consequences of an essential modification of a nuclear facility with respect to the legal status of the initial nuclear licence. Decision of the Federal Administrative Court of 21 August 1996, Az.: II C 9.95

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The questions to be decided among others by the Federal Administrative Court were the conditions making a modification of an existing nuclear facility an essential modification within the purview of section 7, sub-section 1 Atomic Energy Act (AtG), and whether an essential modification has an effect on the validity in law of the initial nuclear licence(s) issued for that facility. Subject matter of the legal proceedings was a permit granted by the Land Schleswig-Holstein, permitting the owner of the Kruemmel nuclear reactor station to use a novel type of fuel elements with changed dimensions for electricity generation. Action was brought by the complaining party contesting the validity in law of the operating permit, claiming that the licensing procedure ought to have examined the question of whether there is a causal link between recently observed childhood leukemia clusters in the area of the NPP and NPP operation. The decision of the court of first instance, the Schleswig Administrative Court, had dismissed the action on the grounds that the existing, previous nuclear licences issued for the NPP remain completely valid in law. The Federal Administrative Court however remanded the case to the lower court to examine and decide anew whether the recent leukemia data must be taken into consideration in decisions about issuing the post-modification operating permit in compliance with Para. 7, sub-section 1, No. 1 AtG. (orig./CB)

  20. Discovery of N-(3-((1-Isonicotinoylpiperidin-4-yl)oxy)-4-methylphenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide (CHMFL-KIT-110) as a Selective, Potent, and Orally Available Type II c-KIT Kinase Inhibitor for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiang; Liu, Feiyang; Wang, Beilei; Zou, Fengming; Chen, Cheng; Liu, Xiaochuan; Wang, Aoli; Qi, Shuang; Wang, Wenchao; Qi, Ziping; Zhao, Zheng; Hu, Zhenquan; Wang, Wei; Wang, Li; Zhang, Shanchun; Wang, Yuexiang; Liu, Jing; Liu, Qingsong

    2016-04-28

    c-KIT kinase is a validated drug discovery target for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Clinically used c-KIT kinase inhibitors, i.e., Imatinib and Sunitinib, bear other important targets such as ABL or FLT3 kinases. Here we report our discovery of a more selective c-KIT inhibitor, compound 13 (CHMFL-KIT-110), which completely abolished ABL and FLT3 kinase activity. KinomeScan selectivity profiling (468 kinases) of 13 exhibited a high selectivity (S score (1) = 0.01). 13 displayed great antiproliferative efficacy against GISTs cell lines GIST-T1 and GIST-882 (GI50: 0.021 and 0.043 μM, respectively). In the cellular context, it effectively affected c-KIT-mediated signaling pathways and induced apoptosis as well as cell cycle arrest. In addition, 13 possessed acceptable bioavailability (36%) and effectively suppressed the tumor growth in GIST-T1 cell inoculated xenograft model without apparent toxicity. 13 currently is undergoing extensive preclinical evaluation and might be a potential drug candidate for GISTs. PMID:27077705

  1. The identification of clay and stony materials used in the manufacture of the friso modelled in estuco of the SubII-c1 of Calakmul, by means of X-ray diffraction analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The archaeological site of Calakmul is considered by the epigraphists as one of the main cities that influenced the political and social life of the Mayan lowlands of the Classic period (300-900 A.D.). Recent excavations changed this view since the discovery of a Pre classic substructure that has an impressive iconographic display made of modeled stucco. During the restoration process, we find out some clues about the methods that Mayan artists used to create this relief Several analytical techniques has been used in archaeology to study different minerals, in particular X-ray analysis has allowed us to identify clays and non-clays components of the modeled stucco frieze and from the natural sources in the site. Our observations in situ suggest the use of local materials and the superposition of strata, which defines the different manufacture stages: stone support (architecture), massive volumes of lime renderings and the polychrome. The components of each stage has been analyzed in order to find out how Mayan people has used the available natural resources as constructive materials. (Author)

  2. Differential association of the N-propeptide of collagen IIA (PIIANP) and collagen II C-telopeptide (CTX-II) with synovitis and erosions in early and longstanding rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, A F; Lottenburger, T; Lindegaard, H;

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To determine the N-terminal propeptide of collagen IIA (PIIANP) in early and established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to study the association with collagen II degradation assessed by its C-telopeptide (CTX-II), x-ray status and disease activity measures. METHODS: Two cohorts of RA......-ray progression (p=0.84). There was no correlation between PIIANP and CTX-II. CONCLUSION: Declining PIIANP with increasing RA duration and persistently increased CTX-II indicate that cartilage anabolic and degradative pathways are unbalanced from clinical RA onset. Furthermore, that collagen II depletion in RA is...... both mediated by anti-anabolic effects unassociated with synovitis (decreased PIIANP) and by excess collagen II degradation linked to synovitis (increased CTX-II)....

  3. Risk-based configuration control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation discusses the following issues: The Configuration Control; The Risk-based Configuration Control (during power operation mode, and during shutdown mode). PSA requirements. Use of Risk-based Configuration Control System. Configuration Management (basic elements, benefits, information requirements)

  4. Mixture Based Outlier Filtration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pecherková

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Success/failure of adaptive control algorithms – especially those designed using the Linear Quadratic Gaussian criterion – depends on the quality of the process data used for model identification. One of the most harmful types of process data corruptions are outliers, i.e. ‘wrong data’ lying far away from the range of real data. The presence of outliers in the data negatively affects an estimation of the dynamics of the system. This effect is magnified when the outliers are grouped into blocks. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for outlier detection and removal. It is based on modelling the corrupted data by a two-component probabilistic mixture. The first component of the mixture models uncorrupted process data, while the second models outliers. When the outlier component is detected to be active, a prediction from the uncorrupted data component is computed and used as a reconstruction of the observed data. The resulting reconstruction filter is compared to standard methods on simulated and real data. The filter exhibits excellent properties, especially in the case of blocks of outliers. 

  5. Alphavirus-Based Vaccines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Lundstrom

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Alphavirus vectors have demonstrated high levels of transient heterologous gene expression both in vitro and in vivo and, therefore, possess attractive features for vaccine development. The most commonly used delivery vectors are based on three single-stranded encapsulated alphaviruses, namely Semliki Forest virus, Sindbis virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Alphavirus vectors have been applied as replication-deficient recombinant viral particles and, more recently, as replication-proficient particles. Moreover, in vitro transcribed RNA, as well as layered DNA vectors have been applied for immunization. A large number of highly immunogenic viral structural proteins expressed from alphavirus vectors have elicited strong neutralizing antibody responses in multispecies animal models. Furthermore, immunization studies have demonstrated robust protection against challenges with lethal doses of virus in rodents and primates. Similarly, vaccination with alphavirus vectors expressing tumor antigens resulted in prophylactic protection against challenges with tumor-inducing cancerous cells. As certain alphaviruses, such as Chikungunya virus, have been associated with epidemics in animals and humans, attention has also been paid to the development of vaccines against alphaviruses themselves. Recent progress in alphavirus vector development and vaccine technology has allowed conducting clinical trials in humans.

  6. Scintillator based beta batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rensing, Noa M.; Tiernan, Timothy C.; Shirwadkar, Urmila; O'Dougherty, Patrick; Freed, Sara; Hawrami, Rastgo; Squillante, Michael R.

    2013-05-01

    Some long-term, remote applications do not have access to conventional harvestable energy in the form of solar radiation (or other ambient light), wind, environmental vibration, or wave motion. Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (RMD) is carrying out research to address the most challenging applications that need power for many months or years and which have undependable or no access to environmental energy. Radioisotopes are an attractive candidate for this energy source, as they can offer a very high energy density combined with a long lifetime. Both large scale nuclear power plants and radiothermal generators are based on converting nuclear energy to heat, but do not scale well to small sizes. Furthermore, thermo-mechanical power plants depend on moving parts, and RTG's suffer from low efficiency. To address the need for compact nuclear power devices, RMD is developing a novel beta battery, in which the beta emissions from a radioisotope are converted to visible light in a scintillator and then the visible light is converted to electrical power in a photodiode. By incorporating 90Sr into the scintillator SrI2 and coupling the material to a wavelength-matched solar cell, we will create a scalable, compact power source capable of supplying milliwatts to several watts of power over a period of up to 30 years. We will present the latest results of radiation damage studies and materials processing development efforts, and discuss how these factors interact to set the operating life and energy density of the device.

  7. RF Based Spy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robot Prerna Jain

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this paper is to reduce human victims in terrorist attack such as 26/11. So this problem can be overcome by designing the RF based spy robot which involves wireless camera. so that from this we can examine rivals when it required. This robot can quietly enter into enemy area and sends us the information via wireless camera. On the other hand one more feature is added in this robot that is colour sensor. Colour sensor senses the colour of surface and according to that robot will change its colour. Because of this feature this robot can’t easily detected by enemies. The movement of this robot is wirelessly controlled by a hand held RF transmitter to send commands to the RF receiver mounted on the moving robot. Since human life is always Valueable, these robots are the substitution of soldiers in war areas. This spy robot can also be used in star hotels, shopping malls, jewelry show rooms, etc where there can be threat from intruders or terrorists.

  8. Explanation-Based Auditing

    CERN Document Server

    Fabbri, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    To comply with emerging privacy laws and regulations, it has become common for applications like electronic health records systems (EHRs) to collect access logs, which record each time a user (e.g., a hospital employee) accesses a piece of sensitive data (e.g., a patient record). Using the access log, it is easy to answer simple queries (e.g., Who accessed Alice's medical record?), but this often does not provide enough information. In addition to learning who accessed their medical records, patients will likely want to understand why each access occurred. In this paper, we introduce the problem of generating explanations for individual records in an access log. The problem is motivated by user-centric auditing applications, and it also provides a novel approach to misuse detection. We develop a framework for modeling explanations which is based on a fundamental observation: For certain classes of databases, including EHRs, the reason for most data accesses can be inferred from data stored elsewhere in the da...

  9. Geovisualization based upon KML

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Zichar

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The extension kml refers to a human readable file format that is based on a markup language deriving from XML and became rather popular mainly due to Google Earth. This type of files uses not only the classical geometric data, but coordinates of longitude and latitude (in case of 3D system also coordinate of altitude to visualize the different geographically referenced objects, phenomena and processes. Nowadays more than 10 millions of kml files can be accessed via the internet, and this number is still increasing. However, knowledge of the standard features of kml is not always sufficient, because the circumstances of its application influence its usage. The functionality of the APIs for the web-embeddable Google Maps and Google Earth programs is determinative concerning this issue. The elements of the standard KML cannot be always used without any change, but the clever usage of the API can result effective tools of dynamism. My aim is to review how wide the range of kml files application is, to describe their differences and to share some personal experiences.

  10. ‘"Education-based Research"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degn Johansson, Troels

    This paper lays out a concept of education-based research-the production of research knowledge within the framework of tertiary design education-as an integration of problem-based learning and research-based education. This leads to a critique of reflective practice as the primary way to facilitate...... learning at this level, a discussion of the nature of design problems in the instrumentalist tradition, and some suggestions as to how design studies curricula may facilitate education-based research....

  11. Organizational Semantic Web based Portals

    OpenAIRE

    necula, sabina-cristiana

    2011-01-01

    This paper tries to treat organizational semantic web based portals. The first part of the paper focuses on concepts regarding semantic web based portals. After discussing some concepts we treat the basic functionalities that a semantic web based portal must have and we finish by presenting these functionalities by actual examples. We present semantic web based portals after studying the necessary implementations from literature and practice. We develop some examples that use semantic web bas...

  12. The Activity-Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    McNally, Michael G.; Rindt, Craig

    2008-01-01

    What is the activity-based approach (ABA) and how does it differ from the conventional trip-based model of travel behavior? From where has the activity approach evolved, what is its current status, and what are its potential applications in transportation forecasting and policy analysis. What have been the contributions of activity-based approaches to understanding travel behavior? The conventional trip-based model of travel demand forecasting (see Chapters 2 and 3) has always lacked...

  13. Securing web-based exams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sessink, O.D.T.; Beeftink, H.H.; Tramper, J.; Hartog, R.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Learning management systems may offer web-based exam facilities. Such facilities entail a higher risk to exams fraud than traditional paper-based exams. The article discusses security issues with web-based exams, and proposes precautionary measures to reduce the risks. A security model is presented

  14. PMIS: Data Base Design Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiddleman, Richard; Gorman, Michael M.

    1972-01-01

    PMIS is a computer-based planning and management information system for local school districts. This report centers on the PMIS data bases that contain school system data by reviewing the major phases involved in their creation, explaining the factors that caused the unique orientation of the data bases, reviewing the two tasks that comprise the…

  15. Image Data Bases on Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Reid; Mathieson, Gordon

    1989-01-01

    A description of how image database technology was used to develop two prototypes for academic and administrative applications at Yale University, one using a video data base integration and the other using document-scanning data base technology, is presented. Technical underpinnings for the creation of data bases are described. (Author/MLW)

  16. The identification of clay and stony materials used in the manufacture of the friso modelled in estuco of the SubII-c1 of Calakmul, by means of X-ray diffraction analysis; La identificacion de materiales arcillosos y petreos utilizados en la manufactura del friso modelado en estuco de la SubII-c1 de Calakmul, a traves de analisis de difraccion de rayos X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia S, C. [Depto. de Restauracion del Centro, INAH-Yucatan, Carr. Ant. Progreso km 6.5, 97310 Merida, Yucatan (Mexico); Quintana, P. [CINVESTAV-Merida, Carr. Ant. a Progreso km 6, Gonzalo Guerrero, 97310 Merida, Yucatan (Mexico); Bautista Z, F. [Departamento de Ecologia FMVZ, UADY. 97000 Merida, Yucatan (Mexico)]. e-mail: pquint@mda.cinvestav.mx

    2006-07-01

    The archaeological site of Calakmul is considered by the epigraphists as one of the main cities that influenced the political and social life of the Mayan lowlands of the Classic period (300-900 A.D.). Recent excavations changed this view since the discovery of a Pre classic substructure that has an impressive iconographic display made of modeled stucco. During the restoration process, we find out some clues about the methods that Mayan artists used to create this relief Several analytical techniques has been used in archaeology to study different minerals, in particular X-ray analysis has allowed us to identify clays and non-clays components of the modeled stucco frieze and from the natural sources in the site. Our observations in situ suggest the use of local materials and the superposition of strata, which defines the different manufacture stages: stone support (architecture), massive volumes of lime renderings and the polychrome. The components of each stage has been analyzed in order to find out how Mayan people has used the available natural resources as constructive materials. (Author)

  17. Lunar Base Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, D.; Fischbach, D.; Tetreault, R.

    1996-01-01

    The objective of this project was to investigate the feasibility of constructing a heat pump suitable for use as a heat rejection device in applications such as a lunar base. In this situation, direct heat rejection through the use of radiators is not possible at a temperature suitable for lde support systems. Initial analysis of a heat pump of this type called for a temperature lift of approximately 378 deg. K, which is considerably higher than is commonly called for in HVAC and refrigeration applications where heat pumps are most often employed. Also because of the variation of the rejection temperature (from 100 to 381 deg. K), extreme flexibility in the configuration and operation of the heat pump is required. A three-stage compression cycle using a refrigerant such as CFC-11 or HCFC-123 was formulated with operation possible with one, two or three stages of compression. Also, to meet the redundancy requirements, compression was divided up over multiple compressors in each stage. A control scheme was devised that allowed these multiple compressors to be operated as required so that the heat pump could perform with variable heat loads and rejection conditions. A prototype heat pump was designed and constructed to investigate the key elements of the high-lift heat pump concept. Control software was written and implemented in the prototype to allow fully automatic operation. The heat pump was capable of operation over a wide range of rejection temperatures and cooling loads, while maintaining cooling water temperature well within the required specification of 40 deg. C +/- 1.7 deg. C. This performance was verified through testing.

  18. Telemetry-Based Ranging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamkins, Jon; Vilnrotter, Victor A.; Andrews, Kenneth S.; Shambayati, Shervin

    2011-01-01

    A telemetry-based ranging scheme was developed in which the downlink ranging signal is eliminated, and the range is computed directly from the downlink telemetry signal. This is the first Deep Space Network (DSN) ranging technology that does not require the spacecraft to transmit a separate ranging signal. By contrast, the evolutionary ranging techniques used over the years by NASA missions, including sequential ranging (transmission of a sequence of sinusoids) and PN-ranging (transmission of a pseudo-noise sequence) whether regenerative (spacecraft acquires, then regenerates and retransmits a noise-free ranging signal) or transparent (spacecraft feeds the noisy demodulated uplink ranging signal into the downlink phase modulator) relied on spacecraft power and bandwidth to transmit an explicit ranging signal. The state of the art in ranging is described in an emerging CCSDS (Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems) standard, in which a pseudo-noise (PN) sequence is transmitted from the ground to the spacecraft, acquired onboard, and the PN sequence is coherently retransmitted back to the ground, where a delay measurement is made between the uplink and downlink signals. In this work, the telemetry signal is aligned with the uplink PN code epoch. The ground station computes the delay between the uplink signal transmission and the received downlink telemetry. Such a computation is feasible because symbol synchronizability is already an integral part of the telemetry design. Under existing technology, the telemetry signal cannot be used for ranging because its arrival-time information is not coherent with any Earth reference signal. By introducing this coherence, and performing joint telemetry detection and arrival-time estimation on the ground, a high-rate telemetry signal can provide all the precision necessary for spacecraft ranging.

  19. Space-based detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesana, A.; Weber, W. J.; Killow, C. J.; Perreur-Lloyd, M.; Robertson, D. I.; Ward, H.; Fitzsimons, E. D.; Bryant, J.; Cruise, A. M.; Dixon, G.; Hoyland, D.; Smith, D.; Bogenstahl, J.; McNamara, P. W.; Gerndt, R.; Flatscher, R.; Hechenblaikner, G.; Hewitson, M.; Gerberding, O.; Barke, S.; Brause, N.; Bykov, I.; Danzmann, K.; Enggaard, A.; Gianolio, A.; Vendt Hansen, T.; Heinzel, G.; Hornstrup, A.; Jennrich, O.; Kullmann, J.; Møller-Pedersen, S.; Rasmussen, T.; Reiche, J.; Sodnik, Z.; Suess, M.; Armano, M.; Sumner, T.; Bender, P. L.; Akutsu, T.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.

    2014-12-01

    The parallel session C5 on Space-Based Detectors gave a broad overview over the planned space missions related to gravitational wave detection. Overviews of the revolutionary science to be expected from LISA was given by Alberto Sesana and Sasha Buchman. The launch of LISA Pathfinder (LPF) is planned for 2015. This mission and its payload "LISA Technology Package" will demonstrate key technologies for LISA. In this context, reference masses in free fall for LISA, and gravitational physics in general, was described by William Weber, laser interferometry at the pico-metre level and the optical bench of LPF was presented by Christian Killow and the performance of the LPF optical metrology system by Paul McNamara. While LPF will not yet be sensitive to gravitational waves, it may nevertheless be used to explore fundamental physics questions, which was discussed by Michele Armano. Some parts of the LISA technology that are not going to be demonstrated by LPF, but under intensive development at the moment, were presented by Oliver Jennrich and Oliver Gerberding. Looking into the future, Japan is studying the design of a mid-frequency detector called DECIGO, which was discussed by Tomotada Akutsu. Using atom interferometry for gravitational wave detection has also been recently proposed, and it was critically reviewed by Peter Bender. In the nearer future, the launch of GRACE Follow-On (for Earth gravity observation) is scheduled for 2017, and it will include a Laser Ranging Interferometer as technology demonstrator. This will be the first inter-spacecraft laser interferometer and has many aspects in common with the LISA long arm, as discussed by Andrew Sutton.

  20. Soy-based renoprotection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGraw, Nancy J; Krul, Elaine S; Grunz-Borgmann, Elizabeth; Parrish, Alan R

    2016-05-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant public health problem as risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, hypertension and diabetes rise in the global population. Currently there are no effective pharmacologic treatments for this disease. The role of diet is important for slowing the progression of CKD and managing symptoms in later stages of renal insufficiency. While low protein diets are generally recommended, maintaining adequate levels of intake is critical for health. There is an increasing appreciation that the source of protein may also be important. Soybean protein has been the most extensively studied plant-based protein in subjects with kidney disease and has demonstrated renal protective properties in a number of clinical studies. Soy protein consumption has been shown to slow the decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate and significantly improve proteinuria in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with nephropathy. Soy's beneficial effects on renal function may also result from its impact on certain physiological risk factors for CKD such as dyslipidemia, hypertension and hyperglycemia. Soy intake is also associated with improvements in antioxidant status and systemic inflammation in early and late stage CKD patients. Studies conducted in animal models have helped to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms that may play a role in the positive effects of soy protein on renal parameters in polycystic kidney disease, metabolically-induced kidney dysfunction and age-associated progressive nephropathy. Despite the established relationship between soy and renoprotection, further studies are needed for a clear understanding of the role of the cellular and molecular target(s) of soy protein in maintaining renal function. PMID:27152261

  1. Nanoparticle-based Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.K. Khanna

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Nanoparticles exhibit several unique properties that can be applied to develop chemical and biosensorspossessing desirable features like enhanced sensitivity and lower detection limits. Gold nanoparticles arecoated with sugars tailored to recognise different biological substances. When mixed with a weak solution ofthe sugar-coated nanoparticles, the target substance, e.g., ricin or E.coli, attaches to the sugar, thereby alteringits properties and changing the colour. Spores of bacterium labeled with carbon dots have been found to glowupon illumination when viewed with a confocal microscope. Enzyme/nanoparticle-based optical sensors forthe detection of organophosphate (OP compounds employ nanoparticle-modified fluorescence of an inhibitorof the enzyme to generate the signal for the OP compound detection. Nanoparticles shaped as nanoprisms,built of silver atoms, appear red on exposure to light. These nanoparticles are used as diagnostic labels thatglow when target DNA, e.g., those of anthrax or HIV, are present. Of great importance are tools like goldnanoparticle-enhanced surface-plasmon resonance sensor and silver nanoparticle surface-enhanced portableRaman integrated tunable sensor. Nanoparticle metal oxide chemiresistors using micro electro mechanical systemhotplate are very promising devices for toxic gas sensing. Chemiresistors comprising thin films of nanogoldparticles, encapsulated in monomolecular layers of functionalised alkanethiols, deposited on interdigitatedmicroelectrodes, show resistance changes through reversible absorption of vapours of harmful gases. Thispaper reviews the state-of-the-art sensors for chemical and biological terror agents, indicates their capabilitiesand applications, and presents the future scope of these devices.Defence Science Journal, 2008, 58(5, pp.608-616, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.58.1683

  2. Barrier Data Base user's guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A special purpose data base for physical security barriers has been developed. In addition to barriers, the entities accommodated by the Barrier Data Base (BDB) include threats and references. A threat is established as a configuration of people and equipment which has been employed to penetrate (or attempt to penetrate) a barrier. References are used to cite publications pertinent to the barriers and threats in the data base. Utilization and maintenance of the Barrier Data Base is achieved with LIST, QUERY, ENTER, DELETE, and CHANGE commands which are used to manipulate the data base entities

  3. From oil-based mud to water-based mud

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maersk Olie og Gas AS has used low toxic oil-based muds extensively since 1982 for drilling development wells and later in the development of horizontal well drilling techniques. However, in view of the strong drive towards a reduction in the amount of oil discharged to the North Sea from the oil industry, Maersk Olie og Gas AS initiated trials with new or improved types of water-based mud, first in deviated wells (1989) and then in horizontal wells (1990). The paper reviews Maersk Olie og Gas As experience with oil-based mud since the drilling of the first horizontal well in 1987, specifically with respect to cuttings washing equipment, oil retention on cuttings, and the procedure for monitoring of this parameter. It describes the circumstances leading to the decision to revert to water-based mud systems. Finally, it reviews the experience gained so far with the new improved types of water-based mud systems, mainly glycol and KCl/polymer mud systems. Comparison of operational data, such as rate of penetration, torque and drag, etc., is made between wells drilled with oil-based mud and water-based mud. The trials with the new improved types of water-based mud systems have been positive, i.e. horizontal wells can be drilled successfully with water-based mud. As a result, Maersk Olie og and Gas AS has decided to discontinue the use of low toxic oil-based muds in the Danish sector of the North Sea

  4. Workplace Based Assessment in Psychiatry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayse Devrim Basterzi

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Workplace based assessment refers to the assessment of working practices based on what doctors actually do in the workplace, and is predominantly carried out in the workplace itself. Assessment drives learning and it is therefore essential that workplace-based assessment focuses on important attributes rather than what is easiest to assess. Workplacebased assessment is usually competency based. Workplace based assesments may well facilitate and enhance various aspects of educational supervisions, including its structure, frequency and duration etc. The structure and content of workplace based assesments should be monitored to ensure that its benefits are maximised by remaining tailored to individual trainees' needs. Workplace based assesment should be used for formative and summative assessments. Several formative assessment methods have been developed for use in the workplace such as mini clinical evaluation exercise (mini-cex, evidence based journal club assesment and case based discussion, multi source feedback etc. This review discusses the need of workplace based assesments in psychiatry graduate education and introduces some of the work place based assesment methods.

  5. Measurement-based quantum communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwerger, M.; Briegel, H. J.; Dür, W.

    2016-03-01

    We review and discuss the potential of using measurement-based elements in quantum communication schemes, where certain tasks are realized with the help of entangled resource states that are processed by measurements. We consider long-range quantum communication based on the transmission of encoded quantum states, where encoding, decoding and syndrome readout are implemented using small-scale resource states. We also discuss entanglement-based schemes and consider measurement-based quantum repeaters. An important element in these schemes is entanglement purification, which can also be implemented in a measurement-based way. We analyze the influence of noise and imperfections in these schemes and show that measurement-based implementation allows for very large error thresholds of the order of 10 % noise per qubit and more. We show how to obtain optimal resource states for different tasks and discuss first experimental realizations of measurement-based quantum error correction using trapped ions and photons.

  6. Case-based reasoning: The marriage of knowledge base and data base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulaski, Kirt; Casadaban, Cyprian

    1988-01-01

    The coupling of data and knowledge has a synergistic effect when building an intelligent data base. The goal is to integrate the data and knowledge almost to the point of indistinguishability, permitting them to be used interchangeably. Examples given in this paper suggest that Case-Based Reasoning is a more integrated way to link data and knowledge than pure rule-based reasoning.

  7. Evidence-based dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2010-01-01

    Both panegyric and criticism of evidence-based dentistry tend to be clumsy because the concept is poorly defined. This analysis identifies several contributions to the profession that have been made under the EBD banner. Although the concept of clinicians integrating clinical epidemiology, the wisdom of their practices, and patients' values is powerful, its implementation has been distorted by a too heavy emphasis of computerized searches for research findings that meet the standards of academics. Although EBD advocates enjoy sharing anecdotal accounts of mistakes others have made, faulting others is not proof that one's own position is correct. There is no systematic, high-quality evidence that EBD is effective. The metaphor of a three-legged stool (evidence, experience, values, and integration) is used as an organizing principle. "Best evidence" has become a preoccupation among EBD enthusiasts. That overlong but thinly developed leg of the stool is critiqued from the perspectives of the criteria for evidence, the difference between internal and external validity, the relationship between evidence and decision making, the ambiguous meaning of "best," and the role of reasonable doubt. The strongest leg of the stool is clinical experience. Although bias exists in all observations (including searches for evidence), there are simple procedures that can be employed in practice to increase useful and objective evidence there, and there are dangers in delegating policy regarding allowable treatments to external groups. Patient and practitioner values are the shortest leg of the stool. As they are so little recognized, their integration in EBD is problematic and ethical tensions exist where paternalism privileges science over patient's self-determined best interests. Four potential approaches to integration are suggested, recognizing that there is virtually no literature on how the "seat" of the three-legged stool works or should work. It is likely that most dentists

  8. Optimal pricing decision model based on activity-based costing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福胜; 常庆芳

    2003-01-01

    In order to find out the applicability of the optimal pricing decision model based on conventional costbehavior model after activity-based costing has given strong shock to the conventional cost behavior model andits assumptions, detailed analyses have been made using the activity-based cost behavior and cost-volume-profitanalysis model, and it is concluded from these analyses that the theory behind the construction of optimal pri-cing decision model is still tenable under activity-based costing, but the conventional optimal pricing decisionmodel must be modified as appropriate to the activity-based costing based cost behavior model and cost-volume-profit analysis model, and an optimal pricing decision model is really a product pricing decision model construc-ted by following the economic principle of maximizing profit.

  9. Knowledge base verification based on enhanced colored petri net

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Verification is a process aimed at demonstrating whether a system meets it's specified requirements. As expert systems are used in various applications, the knowledge base verification of systems takes an importatn position. The conventional Petri net approach that has been studied recently in order to verify the knowledge base is found that it is inadequate to verify the knowledge base of large and complex system, such as alarm processing system of nuclear power plant. Thus, we propose an improved method that models the knowledge base as enhanced colored Petri net. In this study, we analyze the reachability and the error characteristics of the knowledge base and apply the method to verification of simple knowledge base

  10. Knowledge base verification based on enhanced colored petri net

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Hyun; Seong, Poong Hyun [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-31

    Verification is a process aimed at demonstrating whether a system meets it`s specified requirements. As expert systems are used in various applications, the knowledge base verification of systems takes an important position. The conventional Petri net approach that has been studied recently in order to verify the knowledge base is found that it is inadequate to verify the knowledge base of large and complex system, such as alarm processing system of nuclear power plant. Thus, we propose an improved method that models the knowledge base as enhanced colored Petri net. In this study, we analyze the reachability and the error characteristics of the knowledge base and apply the method to verification of simple knowledge base. 8 refs., 4 figs. (Author)

  11. ANALYSIS-BASED SPARSE RECONSTRUCTION WITH SYNTHESIS-BASED SOLVERS

    OpenAIRE

    Cleju, Nicolae; Jafari, Maria,; Plumbley, Mark D.

    2012-01-01

    Analysis based reconstruction has recently been introduced as an alternative to the well-known synthesis sparsity model used in a variety of signal processing areas. In this paper we convert the analysis exact-sparse reconstruction problem to an equivalent synthesis recovery problem with a set of additional constraints. We are therefore able to use existing synthesis-based algorithms for analysis-based exact-sparse recovery. We call this the Analysis-By-Synthesis (ABS) approach. We evaluate o...

  12. XML-Based SHINE Knowledge Base Interchange Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Mark; Mackey, Ryan; Tikidjian, Raffi

    2008-01-01

    The SHINE Knowledge Base Interchange Language software has been designed to more efficiently send new knowledge bases to spacecraft that have been embedded with the Spacecraft Health Inference Engine (SHINE) tool. The intention of the behavioral model is to capture most of the information generally associated with a spacecraft functional model, while specifically addressing the needs of execution within SHINE and Livingstone. As such, it has some constructs that are based on one or the other.

  13. Graph Cuts based Image Segmentation using Fuzzy Rule Based System

    OpenAIRE

    Khokher, M. R.; A. Ghafoor; A.M. Siddiqui

    2012-01-01

    This work deals with the segmentation of gray scale, color and texture images using graph cuts. From input image, a graph is constructed using intensity, color and texture profiles of the image simultaneously. Based on the nature of image, a fuzzy rule based system is designed to find the weight that should be given to a specific image feature during graph development. The graph obtained from the fuzzy rule based weighted average of different image features is further used in normalized graph...

  14. Location-based Modeling and Analysis: Tropos-based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Ali, Raian; Dalpiaz, Fabiano; Giorgini, Paolo

    2008-01-01

    The continuous growth of interest in mobile applications makes the concept of location essential to design and develop software systems. Location-based software is supposed to be able to monitor the location and choose accordingly the most appropriate behavior. In this paper, we propose a novel conceptual framework to model and analyze location-based software. We mainly focus on the social facets of locations adopting concepts such as social actor, resource, and location-based behavior. Our a...

  15. Acids and bases solvent effects on acid-base strenght

    CERN Document Server

    Cox, Brian G

    2013-01-01

    Acids and bases are ubiquitous in chemistry. Our understanding of them, however, is dominated by their behaviour in water. Transfer to non-aqueous solvents leads to profound changes in acid-base strengths and to the rates and equilibria of many processes: for example, synthetic reactions involving acids, bases and nucleophiles; isolation of pharmaceutical actives through salt formation; formation of zwitter- ions in amino acids; and chromatographic separation of substrates. This book seeks to enhance our understanding of acids and bases by reviewing and analysing their behaviour in non-aqueous solvents. The behaviour is related where possible to that in water, but correlations and contrasts between solvents are also presented.

  16. Remote Monitoring System for Communication Base Based on Short Message

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Yu Fu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents design and development of an automatic monitoring system of communication base which is an important means to realize modernization of mobile communication base station management. Firstly, this paper proposes the architecture of the monitoring system. The proposed system consists of mocrocontrollers, sensors, GSM module and MFRC500 etc. The value of parameters is measured in the system including terminal is studied and designed, including hardware design based on embedded system and software design. Finally, communication module is discussed. The monitoring system which is designed  based on GSM SMS(short message service can improve the integrity, reliability, flexibility and intellectuality of monitoring system.

  17. Computer-based and web-based radiation safety training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Owen, C., LLNL

    1998-03-01

    The traditional approach to delivering radiation safety training has been to provide a stand-up lecture of the topic, with the possible aid of video, and to repeat the same material periodically. New approaches to meeting training requirements are needed to address the advent of flexible work hours and telecommuting, and to better accommodate individuals learning at their own pace. Computer- based and web-based radiation safety training can provide this alternative. Computer-based and web- based training is an interactive form of learning that the student controls, resulting in enhanced and focused learning at a time most often chosen by the student.

  18. Concurrent array-based queue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heidelberger, Philip; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard

    2015-01-06

    According to one embodiment, a method for implementing an array-based queue in memory of a memory system that includes a controller includes configuring, in the memory, metadata of the array-based queue. The configuring comprises defining, in metadata, an array start location in the memory for the array-based queue, defining, in the metadata, an array size for the array-based queue, defining, in the metadata, a queue top for the array-based queue and defining, in the metadata, a queue bottom for the array-based queue. The method also includes the controller serving a request for an operation on the queue, the request providing the location in the memory of the metadata of the queue.

  19. Fast Density Based Clustering Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Priyanka Trikha; Singh Vijendra

    2013-01-01

    Clustering problem is an unsupervised learning problem. It is a procedure that partition data objects into matching clusters. The data objects in the same cluster are quite similar to each other and dissimilar in the other clusters. The traditional algorithms do not meet the latest multiple requirements simultaneously for objects. Density-based clustering algorithms find clusters based on density of data points in a region. DBSCAN algorithm is one of the density-based clustering algorithms. I...

  20. Restructuring and simplifying rule bases

    OpenAIRE

    Vanthienen, Jan; Dries, E; WETS, G

    1995-01-01

    Rule bases are commonly acquired, by expert and/or knowledge engineer, in a form which is well suited for acquisition purposes. When the knowledge base is executed, however, a different structure may be required. Moreover, since human experts normally do not provide the knowledge in compact chunks, rule bases often suffer from redundancy. This may considerably harm efficiency. In this paper a procedure is examined to transform rules that are specified in the knowledge acquisition process ...

  1. Principles of models based engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dolin, R.M.; Hefele, J.

    1996-11-01

    This report describes a Models Based Engineering (MBE) philosophy and implementation strategy that has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Center for Advanced Engineering Technology. A major theme in this discussion is that models based engineering is an information management technology enabling the development of information driven engineering. Unlike other information management technologies, models based engineering encompasses the breadth of engineering information, from design intent through product definition to consumer application.

  2. Risk-based configuration management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Risk-based configuration management is an important research area of using PSA technology to evaluate and improve the Technical Specification Requirements of nuclear power plant. Some aspects on risk-based configuration management are discussed, including evaluation methods, risk acceptance criteria and essential elements which should be paid attention to during the management process. And results of the case study based on a real nuclear power plant are presented

  3. dBASE IV basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O`Connor, P.

    1994-09-01

    This is a user`s manual for dBASE IV. dBASE IV is a popular software application that can be used on your personal computer to help organize and maintain your database files. It is actually a set of tools with which you can create, organize, select and manipulate data in a simple yet effective manner. dBASE IV offers three methods of working with the product: (1) control center: (2) command line; and (3) programming.

  4. Instantaneous noise-based logic

    OpenAIRE

    Kish, Laszlo B.; Khatri, Sunil; Peper, Ferdinand

    2010-01-01

    We show two universal, Boolean, deterministic logic schemes based on binary noise timefunctions that can be realized without time-averaging units. The first scheme is based on a new bipolar random telegraph wave scheme and the second one makes use of the recent noise-based logic which is conjectured to be the brain's method of logic operations [Physics Letters A 373 (2009) 2338-2342]. Error propagation and error removal issues are also addressed.

  5. Feature-Based Attention and Feature-Based Expectation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summerfield, Christopher; Egner, Tobias

    2016-06-01

    Foreknowledge of target stimulus features improves visual search performance as a result of 'feature-based attention' (FBA). Recent studies have reported that 'feature-based expectation' (FBE) also heightens decision sensitivity. Superficially, it appears that the latter work has simply rediscovered (and relabeled) the effects of FBA. However, this is not the case. Here we explain why. PMID:27079632

  6. Trace-Based Code Generation for Model-Based Testing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanstrén, T.; Piel, E.; Gross, H.-G.

    2009-01-01

    Paper Submitted for review at the Eighth International Conference on Generative Programming and Component Engineering. Model-based testing can be a powerful means to generate test cases for the system under test. However, creating a useful model for model-based testing requires expertise in the (fo

  7. Managing the Gap between Curriculum Based and Problem Based Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bygholm, Ann; Buus, Lillian

    2009-01-01

    /or but rather both/and. In this paper we describe an approach to design and delivery of online courses in computer science which on the one hand is based on a specified curriculum and on the other hand gives room for different learning strategies, problem based learning being one of them. We discuss...

  8. Isochronous cyclotron data base description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The relational data base of the control parameters of the isochronous cyclotron, Isochronous Cyclotron Data Base (ICDB), is described. The relational data base under consideration, written in Transact SQL for the MS SQL Server 2000 with the use of MS Enterprise Manager and MS Query Analyzer, was installed on the server of the AIC144 isochronous cyclotron in Krakow, which operates under the control of the operating system MS Windows Server 2003 (Standard Edition). The interface of the data base under considerations is written in C++ with the use of Visual C++ .NET and is built in the Cyclotron Operator Help Program (COHP), which is used for modeling the operational modes of the isochronous cyclotron. Communication between the COHP and the relational data base is realised on the base of the Open Data Base Connectivity protocol. The relational data base of the control parameter of the isochronous cyclotron is intended: firstly, for systematization and automatic use of all measured and modelled magnetic field maps in the process of modeling the operational modes; secondly, for systematization and convenient access to the stored operational modes; thirdly, for simplifying the operator's work. The relational data base of the control parameter of the isochronous cyclotron reflects its physical structure and the logic of its operator's work. (author)

  9. Distributed event-based systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fiege, Ludger; Pietzuch, Peter R

    2006-01-01

    This book provides an in-depth description of event-based systems, covering topics ranging from local event matching and distributed event forwarding algorithms, through a practical discussion of software engineering issues raised by the event-based style, to state-of-the-art research in event-based systems like composite event detection and security. The authors offer a comprehensive overview, and show the power of event-based architectures in modern system design, encouraging professionals to exploit this technique in next generation large-scale distributed applications like information diss

  10. Web-based support systems

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, JingTao

    2010-01-01

    The emerging interdisciplinary study of Web-based support systems focuses on the theories, technologies and tools for the design and implementation of Web-based systems that support various human activities. This book presents the state-of-the-art in Web-based support systems (WSS). The research on WSS is multidisciplinary and focuses on supporting various human activities in different domains/fields based on computer science, information technology, and Web technology. The main goal is to take the opportunities of the Web, to meet the challenges of the Web, to extend the human physical limita

  11. Capability-based computer systems

    CERN Document Server

    Levy, Henry M

    2014-01-01

    Capability-Based Computer Systems focuses on computer programs and their capabilities. The text first elaborates capability- and object-based system concepts, including capability-based systems, object-based approach, and summary. The book then describes early descriptor architectures and explains the Burroughs B5000, Rice University Computer, and Basic Language Machine. The text also focuses on early capability architectures. Dennis and Van Horn's Supervisor; CAL-TSS System; MIT PDP-1 Timesharing System; and Chicago Magic Number Machine are discussed. The book then describes Plessey System 25

  12. Kláštory klarisiek v Uhorsku – alternatíva spoločenského uplatnenia šľachtických žien v ranom novoveku

    OpenAIRE

    Kušniráková, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    The cloisters of the Poor Clares were an alternative to matrimonial life for girls from the higher social strata. Many of them lived in the cloister from early childhood and became nuns mainly at the behest of their parents. The cloistral life restricted them from making social and family contacts; on the other hand it offered some of them the opportunity for self-realization. Abbesses had the possibility to govern the community of women, to manage large properties, and command employees and ...

  13. Optimalizace výrobního procesu s tříosými manipulátory Güdel na lince tepelného zpracování

    OpenAIRE

    Zich, Jozef

    2013-01-01

    Diplomová práca vznikla na žiadosť firmy ICE industrial services zabezpečujúcej firme Alcan Strojmetal Aluminium Forging, s.r.o., správu a vývoj software pre PLC. Cieľom práce bolo analyzovať softvare riadenia linky tepelného spracovania hliníkových výkovkov. Následne navrhnúť a realizovať úpravy v software riadenia. Tieto funkcie overiť. A nakoniec pripísať možnosti ovládania do návodu pre obsluhu linky.

  14. Manažerské simulátory pro podporu strategického rozhodování v malých a středních firmách

    OpenAIRE

    Beer, Daniela

    2005-01-01

    Small companies can more flexible react to the present economic crise on one side, but on the other side they are very influenced by unpredictability and continous external factor changes From that reason the current economic crise can contribute to the development of various managerial simulation enabling better support in the company decision making. This new condition and rules "rebuilding" without question means also the creation of new opportunity. The decision making should be supported...

  15. Kompozitní elektrodové materiály pro lithium-iontové akumulátory na bázi LiFePO4

    OpenAIRE

    Vilhelm, Ondřej

    2011-01-01

    Předložená práce se zabývá studiem problematiky sekundárních Li-ion článků a různých dostupných katodových materiálů. Připravili jsme vzorky LiFePO4 s přidáním různých druhů uhlíkových materiálů jako je Super P, vulcan a expandovaný grafit. Vytvořili jsme vždy vzorek s a bez použití surfaktantu. Vytvořené vzorky jsme porovnali měřícími elektrochemickými metodami (cyklická voltametrie, nabíjecí vybíjecí cykly a impedanční spektroskopie). Dále jsme namodelovali tříbodovou elektrochemickou celu ...

  16. Vliv anion-selektivního polymerního pojiva na vlastnosti anody obsahující neplationové katalyzátory při alkalické elektrolýze vody

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bouzek, K.; Hnát, J.; Paidar, M.; Jiroušová, J.; Schauer, Jan; Žitka, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 7, č. 13 (2011), s. 131-132. ISSN 1336-7242. [Zjazd chemikov /63./. 05.09.2011-09.09.2011, Tatranské Matliare] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : hydrogen * water electrolysis Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry

  17. Nástroje sponzoringu a jejich efektivní využití se zaměřením na mobilní operátory

    OpenAIRE

    Vychytilová, Markéta

    2007-01-01

    Práce se zabývá poměrně mladým nástrojem marketingové komunikace - sponzoringem. V teoretické části je nejprve podrobně popsán samotný sponzoring a jeho právní úprava. Následně jsou vymezeny jednotlivé typy sponzoringu včetně jejich výhod a nevýhod použití. Z různých druhů sponzoringu práce vymezuje mediální sponzoring; sportovní / sociální sponzoring, ambush marketing, branded entertainment, filmový sponzoring a celebrity ve sponzoringu. V závěru teoretické části je přiblíženo a nastíněno po...

  18. Co nám prozradily geolokátory o zimovištích rákosníků obecných a velkých?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hánová, A.; Koleček, Jaroslav; Hahn, S.; Ilieva, M.; Honza, Marcel; Procházka, Petr

    Brno : Ústav biologie obratlovců AV ČR, 2014 - (Bryja, J.; Drozd, P.). s. 67 ISBN 978-80-87189-16-0. [Zoologické dny. 06.02.2014-07.02.2014, Ostrava] Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : Acrocephalus Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  19. Dřevokazné houby jako bioindikátory znečištění životního prostředí těžkými kovy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gabriel, Jiří; Baldrian, Petr; Rychlovský, P.; Čurdová, E.

    Košice, 2001. s. 159. [Congress of the Czechoslovak Society for Microbiology /22./ with international participation on the topic of health and microorganisms. 05.09.2001-09.09.2001, Košice] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA204/99/1528 Keywords : health * microorganisms * congress Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology

  20. David Willetts’ blaming of feminism for male working class unemployment reveals the inner workings of the Tory mind: a hatred of the agency of women and the suspicion of progressive movements

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Last Friday, the universities Minister David Willetts commented that women’s progress in the workplace has prevented working class men from attaining well-paid jobs, saying that “Feminism trumped egalitarianism”. Mary Evans critically unpacks these comments and says that not only are they ignorant and prejudiced, but they also show the deep suspicion of Conservatives to progressive movements.

  1. Srovnání biodiverzity v hospodářském lese a v přirozeném horském lese - indikátory biodiverzity

    OpenAIRE

    BARBORKOVÁ, Jana

    2012-01-01

    Bachelor thesis deal with biodiversity in managed forests and in natural mountain forests. In the literature review discussions causes of the decrease of biodiversity in forests affected by anthropogenic activities. Further points to the importance of dead wood in a natural forest ecosystem. There is discussed effect of clear-cut mining on the microclimate of the certain habitat and biodiversity (significant microbiotops invertebrates). As bioindicators of anthropogenic impact on the forest a...

  2. Polyurethane Based Inhibition for High Flame Temperature Nitramine Based Composite Modified Double Base propellant

    OpenAIRE

    S. D. Kakade; M. V. Vaidya; D. G. Khangaonkar; P. K. Divekar; U. B. Kadam; S. N. Asthana

    1998-01-01

    The findings for polypropylene glycol (PPG) and hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB)-based inhibition systems are reported. These findings established that the inhibition system comprising HTPB-IPDI-IDP binder and Sb/sub 2/O/sub 3/-C black filler is most suitable for advanced nitramine-based composite modified double-base propellants in terms of mechanical properties and processibility. The promising composition was characterised for glass-transition behaviour and propellant-inhibi...

  3. Wavelength conversion based spectral imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam, Jeppe Seidelin

    resolution for this spectral region. Today, an increasing number of applications exists outside the spectral region covered by Si-based devices, e.g. within cleantech, medical or food imaging. We present a technology based on wavelength conversion which will extend the spectral coverage of state of the art...

  4. Interpretation-Based Grammar Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Rod

    1993-01-01

    In contrast to the usual approach to teaching grammar, this article argues for a comprehension-based approach. Based on a model of second-language acquisition, it examines a number of possible goals for grammar instruction (e.g., to promote "intake" of new grammatical features by helping learners notice input features and comprehend the meaning).…

  5. Methods in Logic Based Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Georg Kronborg

    1999-01-01

    Desing and theory of Logic Based Control systems.Boolean Algebra, Karnaugh Map, Quine McClusky's algorithm. Sequential control design. Logic Based Control Method, Cascade Control Method. Implementation techniques: relay, pneumatic, TTL/CMOS,PAL and PLC- and Soft_PLC implementation. PLC...

  6. The knowledge base of journalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svith, Flemming

    theories on practice and knowledge. As the result of an abductive reasoning is a theory proposal, there is a need for more deductive approaches to test the validity of this knowledge base claim. It is thus relevant to investigate which rationales are included in the knowledge base of journalism, as the...

  7. Team-Based Global Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zander, Lena; Butler, Christina Lea; Mockaitis, Audra;

    2015-01-01

    Purpose-We propose team-based organizing as an alternative to more traditional forms of hierarchy-based organizing in global firms. Methodology/approach-Advancements in the study of global teams, leadership, process, and outcomes were organized into four themes: (1) openness toward linguistic and...

  8. FAST WATERSHED-BASED DILATION

    OpenAIRE

    Jakub Smołka

    2014-01-01

    A watershed-based region growing image segmentation algorithm requires a fast watershed-based dilation implementation for effective operation. This paper presents a new way for watershed image representation and uses this representation for effective implementation of dilation. Methods for improving the algorithm speed are discussed. Presented solutions may also be used for solving other problems where fast set summation is required.

  9. Evidence-Based Laboratory Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Christopher P Price

    2004-01-01

    @@ Whilst there have been several definitions of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM), the one given by David Sackett is probably the most accurate and well accepted; he stated that "evidence-based medicine is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients"[1].

  10. Theory-Based Stakeholder Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Morten Balle; Vedung, Evert

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces a new approach to program theory evaluation called theory-based stakeholder evaluation or the TSE model for short. Most theory-based approaches are program theory driven and some are stakeholder oriented as well. Practically, all of the latter fuse the program perceptions of the various stakeholder groups into one unitary…

  11. Reliability-Based Code Calibration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, M.H.; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard

    2003-01-01

    The present paper addresses fundamental concepts of reliability based code calibration. First basic principles of structural reliability theory are introduced and it is shown how the results of FORM based reliability analysis may be related to partial safety factors and characteristic values...

  12. Plasma-based accelerator structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plasma-based accelerators have the ability to sustain extremely large accelerating gradients, with possible high-energy physics applications. This dissertation further develops the theory of plasma-based accelerators by addressing three topics: the performance of a hollow plasma channel as an accelerating structure, the generation of ultrashort electron bunches, and the propagation of laser pulses is underdense plasmas

  13. Rapid mixing and Markov bases

    OpenAIRE

    Windisch, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    The mixing behaviour of Markov chains on lattice points of polytopes using Markov bases is examined. It is shown that, in fixed dimension, these Markov chains do not mix rapidly. As a way out, a method of how to adapt Markov bases in order to achieve the fastest mixing behaviour is introduced.

  14. Cloud-Based Data Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, John K.

    2011-01-01

    The vulnerability and inefficiency of backing up data on-site is prompting school districts to switch to more secure, less troublesome cloud-based options. District auditors are pushing for a better way to back up their data than the on-site, tape-based system that had been used for years. About three years ago, Hendrick School District in…

  15. GPP-Based Soft Base Station Designing and Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Feng Tao; Yan-Zhao Hou; Kai-Dong Wang; Hai-Yang He; Y.Jay Guo

    2013-01-01

    It is generally acknowledged that mobile communication base stations are composed of hardware components such as Field Programming Gate Array (FPGA),Digital Signal Processor (DSP),which promise reliable and fluent services for the mobile users.However,with the increasing demand for energy-efficiency,approaches of low power-consumption and high-flexibility are needed urgently.In this circumstance,General Purpose Processor (GPP) attracts people's attention for its low-cost and flexibility.Benefited from the development of modern GPP in multi-core,Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) instructions,larger cache,etc.,GPPs are capable of performing high-density digital processing.In this paper,we compare several software-defined radio (SDR) prototypes and propose the general architecture of GPP-based soft base stations.Then,the schematic design of resource allocation and algorithm optimization in soft base station implementation are studied.As an application example,a prototype of GPP-based soft base station referring to the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term Evolution (LTE) is realized and evaluated.To the best of our knowledge,it is the first Soft-LTE prototype ever reported.In the end,we evaluate the timing performance of the LTE soft base station and a packet loss ratio of less than 0.003 is obtained.

  16. Tag Based Audio Search Engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parameswaran Vellachu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The volume of the music database is increasing day by day. Getting the required song as per the choice of the listener is a big challenge. Hence, it is really hard to manage this huge quantity, in terms of searching, filtering, through the music database. It is surprising to see that the audio and music industry still rely on very simplistic metadata to describe music files. However, while searching audio resource, an efficient "Tag Based Audio Search Engine" is necessary. The current research focuses on two aspects of the musical databases 1. Tag Based Semantic Annotation Generation using the tag based approach.2. An audio search engine, using which the user can retrieve the songs based on the users choice. The proposed method can be used to annotation and retrieve songs based on musical instruments used , mood of the song, theme of the song, singer, music director, artist, film director, instrument, genre or style and so on.

  17. Lignin-Based Thermoplastic Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chao; Kelley, Stephen S; Venditti, Richard A

    2016-04-21

    Lignin-based thermoplastic materials have attracted increasing interest as sustainable, cost-effective, and biodegradable alternatives for petroleum-based thermoplastics. As an amorphous thermoplastic material, lignin has a relatively high glass-transition temperature and also undergoes radical-induced self-condensation at high temperatures, which limits its thermal processability. Additionally, lignin-based materials are usually brittle and exhibit poor mechanical properties. To improve the thermoplasticity and mechanical properties of technical lignin, polymers or plasticizers are usually integrated with lignin by blending or chemical modification. This Review attempts to cover the reported approaches towards the development of lignin-based thermoplastic materials on the basis of published information. Approaches reviewed include plasticization, blending with miscible polymers, and chemical modifications by esterification, etherification, polymer grafting, and copolymerization. Those lignin-based thermoplastic materials are expected to show applications as engineering plastics, polymeric foams, thermoplastic elastomers, and carbon-fiber precursors. PMID:27059111

  18. Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulatory and research evaluations of embrittlement predication models and of pressure vessel integrity can be greatly expedited by the use of a well-designed, computerized data base. The Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data for US commercial nuclear reactors. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has provided financial support, and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has provided technical assistance in the quality assurance (QA) of the data to establish an industry-wide data base that will be maintained and updated on a long-term basis. Successful applications of the data base to several of NRC's evaluations have received favorable response and support for its continuation. The future direction of the data base has been designed to include the test reactor and other types of data of interest to the regulators and the researchers. 1 ref

  19. Content-Based Image Retrial Based on Hadoop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DongSheng Yin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Generally, time complexity of algorithms for content-based image retrial is extremely high. In order to retrieve images on large-scale databases efficiently, a new way for retrieving based on Hadoop distributed framework is proposed. Firstly, a database of images features is built by using Speeded Up Robust Features algorithm and Locality-Sensitive Hashing and then perform the search on Hadoop platform in a parallel way specially designed. Considerable experimental results show that it is able to retrieve images based on content on large-scale cluster and image sets effectively.

  20. Survey paper on Sketch Based and Content Based Image Retrieval

    OpenAIRE

    Gaidhani, Prachi A.; S. B. Bagal

    2015-01-01

    This survey paper presents an overview of development of Sketch Based Image Retrieval (SBIR) and Content based image retrieval (CBIR) in the past few years. There is awful growth in bulk of images as well as the far-flung application in too many fields. The main attributes to represent as well index the images are color, shape, texture, spatial layout. These features of images are extracted to check similarity among the images. Generation of special query is the main problem of content based ...