WorldWideScience

Sample records for based service contracts

  1. Contract-based Internet Service Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Schneider, Gerardo

    The fast evolution of the Internet has popularized service-oriented architectures dynamic IT-supported inter-business collaborations. Yet, interoperability between different organizations, requires contracts to reduce risks. Thus, high-level models of contracts are making their way into service...... may guide the developer in the production of contract-aware applications. We concentrate on contracts dealing with performance (real-time) and information flow (confidentiality)....

  2. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating...

  3. A middleware for building contract-aware agent-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Confalonieri, Roberto; Álvarez Napagao, Sergio; Panagiotidi, Sofia; Vázquez Salceda, Javier; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a middleware to help designers in the implementation of contract-aware agent-based services. The middleware provides several components, including a contract manager, a communication manager and a workflow manager, which combine to allow agents to manage contracts and the actions associated with them. The middleware is built as part of a Web service implementation of the ISTCONTRACT framework. An electronic commerce example is used to illustrate how the components of...

  4. Coordination mechanism of SaaS service supply chain: Based on compensation contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanli Guo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to build new contracts theories of SaaS service supply chain. Software as a Service (SaaS has become a hot topic in this industry . Compared with traditional manufacturing supply chain and general service supply chain, the new IT service supply chain which based on SaaS has characteristics of both service and IT. And SaaS is completely different from traditional software package model. Therefore the classic contracts, which be widely used in traditional manufacturing supply chain, can’t be directly applied in SaaS service supply chain. The necessary way of IT services developing is to study the SaaS service supply chain combining with characteristics of SaaS. Therefore, It focuses on the coordination of SaaS service supply chain. Design/methodology/approach: It tries to answer the following question: how do the ISV motivate SaaS operators to improve the service level through effective contracts mechanism under conditions of asymmetric information. In order to answer these questions, this paper does some researches including: Under the conditions of information asymmetry, supposing the service level (is related to the degree of effort of SaaS operator was private information, we construct model of compensation contract, i.e., to motivate SaaS operator to improve service level through transfer payments of compensation price. Findings and Originality/value: The study finds out that when ISV get to “positive feedback”, instead of the traditional market equilibrium, compensation contract (linear can coordinate satisfactorily the SaaS service supply chain. In the point of “positive feedback”, the marginal revenue equals the marginal cost, but it is not the equilibrium of ISV’profit-maximization. Research limitations/implications: There are some limitations in this research. In the linear compensation contracts, the compensation price is fixed value. If in the contract, we can create a change value

  5. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new......Insightful and comprehensive and covering new subjects like globalization and IT, this text, international in its approach, provides a thorough introduction to the key phases of the contracting process and the skills required by managers in its implementation. These include: policy for contracting...

  6. Joint Base Contracting: A Comparative Analysis of Joint Base Contracting Activities between Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Fred Fiedler’s (1967) creation of the contingency theory of leadership took the base work of Burns and Stalker (1961) and transitioned it from... Fiedler , F. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Fredrickson, J. W. (1984). The comprehensiveness of strategic decision

  7. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  8. US Forest Service Stewardship Contracting

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the locations of activities within the Stewardship Contracting Project Boundary. Activities are implemented through stewardship...

  9. Contracting and Procurement for Evidence-Based Interventions in Public-Sector Human Services: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willging, Cathleen E; Aarons, Gregory A; Trott, Elise M; Green, Amy E; Finn, Natalie; Ehrhart, Mark G; Hecht, Debra B

    2016-09-01

    Sustainment of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) in human services depends on the inner context of community-based organizations (CBOs) that provide services and the outer context of their broader environment. Increasingly, public officials are experimenting with contracting models from for-profit industries to procure human services. In this case study, we conducted qualitative interviews with key government and CBO stakeholders to examine implementation of the Best Value-Performance Information Procurement System to contract for EBIs in a child welfare system. Findings suggest that stakeholder relationships may be compromised when procurement disregards local knowledge, communication, collaboration, and other factors supporting EBIs and public health initiatives.

  10. Contracted Advisory and Assistance Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    SERVICES TO BE FU 1 Personnel: a. Contract project m person must be thoroughly familia contracting officer and may help n the contractor and the...event of litigation, any ambiguities could inst the Government. rformance oriented . The SOW should tell the contractor what is to be ithout dictating

  11. Using performance-based contracts to foster innovation in outsourced service delivery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumo, Regien; van der Valk, Wendy; Duijsters, Geert; van Weele, Arjan

    2016-01-01

    While many scholars claim that Performance-based Contracts (PBCs) foster supplier-led innovation, empirical research into their actual use and effects remains limited. We therefore explore two cases of IT outsourcing through such contracts to see whether, and if so how, PBCs foster innovation. Our f

  12. Determinants of Service Contract Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    Management, Industrial Marketing Management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, the Journal of Marketing Channels, Air Force Journal of...limited to applications of service quality in business-to-consumer (B2C) contexts. The five dimensions of service quality do not always fit B2B ...Buyers of customer-defined B2B services often state service expectations in requirement documents that are incorporated into contracts. Within public

  13. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  14. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  15. Coordinating a Service Supply Chain under Arms Offset Program’s Intervention by Performance-Based Contracting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kuei Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates a support service supply chain for coordinating with a local third-party logistics provider by arms offset program’s intervention and develops a performance-based contracting framework for the coordinating problem, which remains scarce in the literatures. The performance-based contracting framework evaluates payments and profits for the support service by a game-theoretical approach with principal-agent model. We prove that the proposed framework is an effective tool in acquiring the balance between maximum profit and minimum payment for both parties in the coordinating problem without moral hazard issue. A numerical study consolidates the formulated schemes as contracting preference for both parties’ decision with a higher profit margin at a lower customer’s payment.

  16. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, Karen; Vasquez, Deb

    2017-01-01

    The Federal Energy Management Program's 'Utility Energy Service Contracts: Enabling Documents' provide legislative information and materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy service contracts, or UESCs.

  17. 78 FR 10642 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... COMMISSION Service Contracts Inventory AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is providing for public information its Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012. The inventory includes service contract actions over...

  18. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Doc No: 2010-32828] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [NRC-2010-0394] Service Contracts Inventory AGENCY... Regulatory Commission (NRC) is providing for public information its Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded...

  19. 77 FR 5280 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... COMMISSION Service Contracts Inventory AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice of availability. SUMMARY: The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is providing for public information its Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. The inventory includes service contract actions over...

  20. Compositionality and Compatibility of Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    goal is to add a representation and support for the functional aspects of service contracts to the existing non-functional aspects. Further, we investigate how to analyze, verify and validate service contracts laying emphasis on the compositionality and compatibility of service contracts....

  1. Summary Report - Inspections of DoD Facilities and Military Housing and Audits of Base Operations and Support Services Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-14

    integrity , and efficiency; advises the Secretary of Defense and Congress; and informs the public. Vision Our vision is to be a model oversight organization...Report – Inspections of DoD Facilities and Military Housing and Audits of Base Operations and Support Services Contracts O C T O B E R 1 4 , 2 0... information about whistleblower protection, please see the inside back cover. DODIG-2017-004 (Project No. D2016-D000PT-0030.000) │ i Results in Brief

  2. 77 FR 37907 - Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Information Collection... the link ``Submit a Comment'' that corresponds with ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service..., company name (if any), and ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service Contracting'' on your...

  3. A Three-Level Process Framework for Contract-Based Dynamic Service Outsourcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2001-01-01

    Service outsourcing is the business paradigm, in which an organization has part of its business process performed by a service provider. In dynamic markets, service providers are selected on the fly during process enactment. The cooperation between the parties is specified in a dynamically made elec

  4. Quality and public transport service contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gatta, Valerio; Marcucci, Edoardo

    2007-01-01

    Public authorities and transport operators are both involved in the provision of public transport services. There is a contrast between the social goals of the former and the private ones of the latter. Regulation plays an important role especially failing competition. Service contracts are the natural method to set bilateral After a brief description of the most important regulatory procedures, we focus our attention on the quality framework in service contracts. In recent years the inclusio...

  5. The subject consumer service contract in Belarus Republic

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Currently, more attention is paid to construction contracts, and in particular the consumer service contract. The most important element of consumer service contract is its subject. Definition of the subject consumer service contract is important for the delimitation of the contract of domestic independent from adjacent to it contracts.

  6. Contracting out of clinical services in Zimbabwe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPake, B; Hongoro, C

    1995-07-01

    Contracting is increasingly recommended to developing countries as a way of improving the efficiency of the health sector. However, empirical evidence regarding its effectiveness in this respect is almost completely absent. In Zimbabwe, a long standing contract exists between the Ministry of Health and Wankie Colliery to provide clinical services in the Colliery's 400 bed hospital. This paper details a study of the Zimbabweans' experience with the contract. Its success is assessed using comparisons with a neighbouring government hospital of the price of services (vs the cost in the government hospital); the situation of hospital workers; and the quality of services delivered. The Colliery has established a monopoly position for hospital services in the district. However, it appears to offer services of at least as good quality at prices which are lower than the unit costs of the government hospital when capital costs are included. Nevertheless, the contract cannot be considered a success due to the failure to contain its total cost. Approximately 70% of provincial non-salary recurrent expenditure is consumed by the contract while only a minority of the province's population have access to the Colliery hospital. Screening patients, both with respect to their ability to pay and to their need for secondary level services does not take place with the result that utilization levels are not controlled. The study highlights a number of important issues affecting contracting in developing country setting: First, contracted institutions attain powerful bargaining positions if there are no viable competitors and the government does not itself retain capacity to offer an alternative service. Second, specific skills are needed for the management of contracts at all levels. If the process of contract development responds to a crisis driven agenda resulting from civil service retrenchment and public expenditure cuts, it is unlikely that adequate consideration will be given to

  7. Utility Energy Services Contracts Lessons Learned

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-08-01

    This document describes best practices in the use of Utility Energy Services Contracts. The recommendations were generated by a group of innovative energy managers in many successful projects. The topics include project financing, competition between utility franchises, and water conservation.

  8. A Decision Model For Contracting Helpdesk Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meg Murray

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Contractual helpdesk services, also known as call center outsourcing is a growing industry.  Helpdesk solutions, which offer customer service to consumers who have an issue, problem or concern, are an integral part of many organizations’ wider service function.  For smaller companies, outsourcing helpdesk services is becoming more and more popular given the technical expertise and high investment costs required to develop, implement and maintain the infrastructure needed to support these servicesContracting for helpdesk services helps to alleviate smaller companies from concerns with technical issues, retaining employees dedicated to continuous research on the value proposition of emerging products or services, and in some cases, the need for hiring additional staff.  While the basic principles for negotiating an outsourcing contract apply, this paper explores the special considerations pertinent to contracting helpdesk services. These include determining an optimal solution by mapping business requirements to specific call center resource options, determining the optimal call routing structure given budgetary considerations and understanding technical problems associated with the call center environment and developing a satisficing plan to address problems should they occur.  As the technologies, including telecommunications and call routing options, that form the basis of helpdesk services evolve, so does the importance of helpdesk services as they move from cost centers to profit generating ventures.  

  9. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.

  10. Consistency Checking of Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M. Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    Behavioural properties are analyzed for web service contracts formulated in Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) and Choreography Description Language (CDL). The key result reported is an automated technique to check consistency between protocol aspects of the contracts. The contracts...... are abstracted to (timed) automata and from there a simulation is set up, which is checked using automated tools for analyzing networks of finite state processes. Here we use the Concurrency Work Bench. The proposed techniques are illustrated with a case study that include otherwise difficult to analyze fault...

  11. Allocating outsourced warranty service contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Opp; I. Adan; V.G. Kulkarni; J.M. Swaminathan

    2009-01-01

    Motivated by our interactions with a leading manufacturer of computers, in this paper we consider static allocation as applied to the problem of minimizing the costs of outsourcing warranty services to repair vendors. Under static allocation, a manufacturer assigns each item to one of several contra

  12. Competing for Contract Support Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    integrity, fairness, objectivity, and absence of bias or favoritism in the procurement process. Zemansky is a strong advocate of competition for...architectural, engineering and consulting firms that render professional services. In discussing the pro’s and cons of comnetitive procurement, Zemansky developed...contractors, overpayment for shoddy products or "kick backs" (,1 :5]. Zemansky concludes that, without delving into a detailed analysis of numerous

  13. Managerial challenges in public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Bogetoft, Peter

    2011-01-01

    , themes and questions for research in public service contracting. We identify and exemplify the framework by combining insights from different theoretical perspectives with empirical evidence through an iterative process. The evidence is educed as a set of observed and self-reported stories in a cross...

  14. 29 CFR 4.121 - Contracts for individual services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts for individual services. 4.121 Section 4.121 Labor...Namara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions § 4.121 Contracts for individual services. The Act... direct services to a Federal agency by an individual or individuals.” This exemption, which applies...

  15. 78 FR 13710 - Analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... BOARD Analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories. Background: The National Labor Relations... analysis of special interest functions within the FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories submitted to...

  16. 78 FR 17205 - Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: Federal Maritime Commission. ACTION: Notice of availability of service contract inventories. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen V. Gregory... notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis,...

  17. 29 CFR 4.120 - Contracts for public utility services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts for public utility services. 4.120 Section 4.120... McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions § 4.120 Contracts for public utility... utility services, including electric light and power, water, steam, and gas.” This exemption is...

  18. 48 CFR 2937.602 - Elements of performance-based contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... listed in FAR 37.102.) Generally, when contract performance risk under a PBC specification can be shifted... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS SERVICE CONTRACTING Preference for Performance-Based Contracting (PBC) 2937.602 Elements of performance-based contracting. (a) Performance-based contracting is defined in...

  19. 48 CFR 217.171 - Multiyear contracts for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... instructor skills (e.g., training for pilots and aircrew members or foreign language training). (iv) Base... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Multiyear contracts for services. 217.171 Section 217.171 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  20. 77 FR 12336 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY.... L. 111-117), the Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management is publishing this notice to advise.... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed...

  1. Governance variety in the energy service contracting market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostertag, Katrin; Huelsmann, Friederike

    2008-07-01

    There is a surprisingly high variety of actors involved in the supply of energy service contracting arrangements. Based on an empirical record of approximately 2,500 contracting projects in the domain of space heating in Germany, the paper analyses specialisation patterns of contractors. An econometric model is used to test hypotheses derived from transaction cost economics, which contractor type should be expected for which kind of contracting project. According to our results, if physical, site and human asset specificity are high, governance modes are preferred, for which contracting represents a downward integration of business activities along the value-added chain. This includes the supply of contracting by municipal utilities. More specifically, municipal utilities occur as superior suppliers of contracting if combined heat and power is implemented, if the building served is connected to their gas grid and if it is a public building. This pattern could orient the development of contracting activities for utilities reconsidering their strategic position following the liberalisation of the electricity market. (orig.)

  2. 77 FR 63805 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Service Contracting AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services.... Select the link ``Submit a Comment'' that corresponds with ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service..., company name (if any), and ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service Contracting'' on your...

  3. Contracts for Cooperation between Web Service Programmers and HTML Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böttger, Henning; Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael I.

    2006-01-01

    Interactive Web services consist of a mixture of HTML fragments and program code. The fragments, which are maintained by designers, are combined to form HTML pages that are shown to the clients. The code, which is maintained by programmers, is executed on the server to handle the business logic....... Current Web service frameworks provide little help in separating these constituents, which complicates cooperation between programmers and HTML designers. We propose a system based on XML templates and formalized contracts allowing a flexible separation of concerns. The contracts act as interfaces between...... the programmers and the HTML designers and permit tool support for statically checking that both parties fulfill their obligations. This ensures that (1) programmers and HTML designers work more independently focusing on their own expertises, (2) the Web service implementation is better structured and thus easier...

  4. Army Information Technology Enterprise Solutions-2 Services Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-09

    Contracting personnel from the Army and other Federal agencies who are involved in information technology service acquisition decisions should read...IDIQ) contracts. The Inspector General (IG), DoD initiated the audit of the Army Information Technology Enterprise Solutions-2 Services (ITES-2S...contract because of the material impact this contract will have on the acquisition of information technology resources within DoD and the Federal Government

  5. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    The two theories we discuss are the agency and transaction cost theory. We present the conceptual framework of these theories and discuss how... transaction cost theory takes into account indirect costs associated with a product or service (Williamson, 2010). In application, analyzing the costs...explanation for why LPTA was the preferred method can be attributed to the transaction cost theory, which may explain why contracting offices may

  6. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of... services contracts exceeding $25,000 that were awarded by the agency in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The... Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117, and with a Memorandum from the Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  7. The Relationship Between Population Size and Contracting Out Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Søren Kjær

    2015-01-01

    What is the causal relationship between population size and the contracting out of public service delivery in local governments? The size of the population of a given municipality has long been thought to be an important driver of contracting out public service delivery, which theoretically....../contracting out relationship. Results show that the relationship differs across policy sectors: It is negative for services with high fixed costs, presumably due to scale economies, and is positive for services that are difficult to measure, probably due to more administrative and technical capacity in larger...

  8. Build-operate-transfer Outsourcing Contracts in Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2013-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely used in the engineering and construction industry and has recently spread into the service industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets, India in particular, are now offering BOT outsourcing contracts in which...... the client firms are allotted call options, i.e. the right, but not the obligation, to transfer pre-specified assets from the service provider. As such, BOT outsourcing contracts seems to be an interesting contractual novelty that combines the advantages of outsourced and captive offshoring operations....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. Whether BOT outsourcing contracts are boon or bane to an emerging market vendor basically hinges...

  9. SERVICE HANDBOOK FOR THE DESKTOP SUPPORT CONTRACT WIH IT DIVISION

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    A Desktop Support Contract has been running since January 1999 to offer help to all users at CERN with problems that occur with their desktop computers. The contract is run conjointly by the Swedish Company WM-data and the Swiss company DCS.The contract is comprised of the Computing Helpdesk, a General Service for all parts of CERN and also Local Service for those divisions and groups that want faster response times and additional help with their specific computer environment.In order to describe what services are being offered, and also to give a better understanding of the structure of the contract, a Service Handbook has been created. The intended audience for the Service Handbook is everyone that is using the contract, i.e. users, managers and also the service staff inside the contract. In the handbook you will find what help you can get from the contract, how to get in touch with the contract, and also what response times you can expect. Since the computer environment at CERN is a never-changing entity, ...

  10. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    reform procurement and oversight of services acquisition. Furthermore, another important motive for reform is the current budget crisis the United...63 154 ch i ‐square d  S tat 13.6206 d f 1 p ‐value    0.0002 ch i ‐square d   Critica l   3.8415 Use  o f  IGEs  fo r Contracts  Ove r $  100K

  11. Contract-oriented software development for internet services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    COSoDIS (Contract-Oriented Software Development for Internet Services) develops novel approaches to implement and reason about contracts in service oriented architectures (SOA). The rationale is that system developers benefit from abstraction mechanisms to work with these architectures. Therefore...... the goal is to design and test system modeling and programming language tools to empower SOA developers to deploy highly dynamic, negotiable and monitorable Internet services....

  12. 78 FR 10174 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract... Appropriations Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability...

  13. Bonneville Purchasing Instructions. Appendix 14A, Contracting Officer`s Technical Representatives` Guide for Services Contracts.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-07-01

    This guide outlines the duties of BPA personnel designated as Contracting Officers Technical Representatives (COTRs). The BPA Administrator gives contracting officers (COs) in BPA responsibility and authority for awarding and administering contracts. COs are authorized to designate other BPA employees to act as their representatives for purposes of contract administration, from the time of contract award until final receipt and acceptance of the contracted services. COTRs are the individuals primarily relied upon to perform technical contract administration functions. Similar functions for supply and construction contracts are performed by engineering representatives, construction inspectors, and inspectors. Although this Guide is written primarily with the COTR in mind, the concept and operation of teamwork is essential throughout the entire process of contract administration. The CO administers the contract during performance, but rarely has expertise in all of the relevant technical areas. Therefore, CO decisions rely on input from a team. The COTR is an indispensable member of that team. The instructions in this Guide are designed to facilitate this essential CO-COTR cooperation. COTR duties are usually additional to those required of the COTR in his or her assigned line organization. The COTR is still accountable to the line supervisor for performance of regularly-assigned duties. These duties are to be reflected appropriately in performance appraisals and job descriptions. For contract administration duties, however, the COTR reports directly to, and is accountable only to, the CO. The COTR`s supervisor must allow sufficient time to ensure that the COTR can adequately monitor the contract for technical compliance. This Guide is designed for COTRs who are performing service contract (including intergovernmental contract) administration functions as an adjunct to their normal technical duties.

  14. Audit Report: Contracted Advisory and Assistance Services Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Angeles, CA Ogden Air Logistics Center, Hill Air Force Base, UT Sacramento Air Logistics Center, McClellan Air Force Base, Sacramento , CA Rome Air...Air Logistics Command, Hill Air Force Base ( AFB ), UT Inspector General, Air Logistics Command, McClellan AFB , CA Commander, Office of Scientific...3/ Space Division - Los Angeles, CA — Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, DC £ Sacramento Air Logistics Center, CA - Rome Air Development

  15. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents, May 2009 (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-01

    Enabling Documents, delivered by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to provide materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs).

  16. A Liquid work-life under public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    A part of the reality behind public service contracting in Denmark as well as in many other countries is that a growing number of people are employed in uncertain and temporary conditions and relations in what can be characterized as ‘liquidized’ work-lives. This reality and its consequences...... of staffs’ work-life under public service contracting. The paper relies empirically on focus group interviews in two cases of staff transfers in public service contracting with different levels of liquefaction. it is found that staff transfer is a composite experience for staff with differential outcomes...... for staff, however, are only poorly understood in current theory and research on public service contracting through partial concepts and a tendency to focus merely on negative outcomes. Against this shortfall, the aim in this paper is to build a conceptually and empirically richer and more authentic account...

  17. 76 FR 12072 - Public Availability of Commodity Futures Trading Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf.../cftcserviceinventory_2010.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Questions regarding the service contract...

  18. 78 FR 20089 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Office of Procurement and Property Management Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories.... ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2012 Service Contract inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance... Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on FY 2012 service contract actions...

  19. Contracting for Management: Assessing Management Capacity under Alternative Service Delivery Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Trevor; Potoski, Matt

    2006-01-01

    Contracting critics suggest that when governments outsource, they reduce their capacity to produce services and manage service delivery. In this paper, we decompose the service delivery decision into service production and service management components. When governments contract for service production, they may also choose to contract for a…

  20. 78 FR 11685 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency... of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance is...

  1. The selective use of emergency shipments for service-contract differentiation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alvarez, E.M.; Heijden, van der M.C.; Zijm, W.H.M.

    2013-01-01

    Suppliers of capital goods increasingly offer performance-based service contracts with customer-specific service levels. We use selective emergency shipments of spare parts to differentiate logistic performance: We apply emergency shipments in out-of-stock situations for combinations of parts and cu

  2. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  3. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; 10.4204/EPTCS.38.8

    2010-01-01

    We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  4. 76 FR 52952 - Student Services Contract EP-11-D-000403 Yin Gu; Transfer of Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... AGENCY Student Services Contract EP-11-D-000403 Yin Gu; Transfer of Data AGENCY: Environmental Protection... Student Services Contract EP- 11-D-000403 Yin Gu in accordance with 40 CFR 2.307(h)(3) and 2.308(i)(2). Student Services Contract EP-11-D-000403 Yin Gu has been awarded multiple contracts to perform work...

  5. 77 FR 8818 - Publication of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/defualt/files/omb/procuremetn/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf....consumerfinance.gov/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Appendix-C-FY2011-Inventory-Data-Summary.pdf and http://www.consumerfinance.gov/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Appendix-B-FY2011-Inventory-Data-Details.pdf . FOR...

  6. Specification Section 01065S ES&H for Service Contracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirsch, Greg C. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Section Includes: Requirements and guidelines in performance of work concerning protection of environment and property, and the safety and health of Contractors, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Department of Energy (DOE) employees, visitors to SNL, and members of the public. This Section is applicable only to Service Contracts that do not involve construction or construction-like activities. Construction and construction-like activities are covered by Section 01065, Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) for Construction Contracts. The entire ES&H program shall focus on safe-by-design intent, understanding the technical basis for the work, identifying and controlling energy sources, unacceptable consequences, risk assessments, and positive verification.

  7. 76 FR 5375 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy; General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice... Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), GSA is publishing this notice to advise the...

  8. 77 FR 5253 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy (MV); General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of public... Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of...

  9. 75 FR 10272 - Notice Regarding 340B Drug Pricing Program-Contract Pharmacy Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... Administration Notice Regarding 340B Drug Pricing Program--Contract Pharmacy Services AGENCY: Health Resources... parties of final guidelines regarding the utilization of multiple contract pharmacies and suggested contract pharmacy provisions, which had been previously limited to the Alternative Methods...

  10. 42 CFR 136.22 - Establishment of contract health service delivery areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Establishment of contract health service delivery... Services § 136.22 Establishment of contract health service delivery areas. (a) In accordance with the..., contract health service delivery areas are established as follows: (1) The State of Alaska; (2) The...

  11. 48 CFR 36.702 - Forms for use in contracting for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contracting for architect-engineer services. 36.702 Section 36.702 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Standard and Optional Forms for Contracting for Construction, Architect-Engineer Services,...

  12. 基于服务的合同网络计算机生成兵力协同机制的研究与应用%Collaborative mechanism for computer generated force based on service and contract network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宦婧; 周伟祝; 孙媛; 鲁华杰

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at heterogeneous features of Computer Generate Force ( CGF) simulation system, this thesis established a CGF collaborative model based on Web sendees, which embedded Web services into the CGF main body, published the CGF main functions as Web services, and call the service to resolve the heterogeneous CGF' s collaboration. Combined with the combat role to establish the service-based collaborative model within operation organization, based on the combination of the original contract network task allocation algorithm, the thesis established a common Web services based contract network CGF collaboration model, thus optimizing the CGF collaboration problem in heterogeneous dynamic environments. Finally, together with anti-submarine helicopters searching submarine as the background, the collaborative process and some applications were described.%针对计算机生成兵力(CGF)仿真系统普遍存在的异质特性,建立了一种基于服务的CGF协同模型,提出了将Web服务嵌入到CGF主体中,将CGF主体功能发布为Web服务,通过服务调用解决异构CGF之间协同问题,并结合作战角色建立了基于服务的作战组织内部协同模型;在此基础上结合原有的合同网络任务分配算法,建立了基于Web服务的通用合同网络CGF协同模型,从而优化了异质动态环境下的CGF协同问题.最后以反潜直升机协同搜潜为背景,对协同流程和部分应用实现进行了说明.

  13. 77 FR 5519 - Public Availability of the Federal Communications Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Public Availability of the Federal Communications Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory and FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory Analysis AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....

  14. Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 10980 Close X Home > Pregnancy > Labor & birth > Contractions Contractions E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... contractions signal the beginning of childbirth. What causes contractions? Braxton-Hicks (false labor) These contractions soften and ...

  15. Energy service contracts in regional engineering center for small and medium businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil'manshin, I. R.; Kashapov, N. F.

    2014-12-01

    The analysis of the energy service contracts development in Russia is given in the article. The role of the Complex learning centres in the field of energy efficiency in the promotion of energy service contracts is described. The reasons of constraining the development of energy service contracts are described.

  16. Contracts and management services site support program plan WBS 6.10.14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoll, J.M. Jr.

    1994-09-01

    Contracts and Management Services is recognized as the central focal point for programs having company or sitewide application in pursuit of the Hanford Missions`s financial and operational objectives. Contracts and Management Services actively pursues cost savings and operational efficiencies through: Management Standards by ensuring all employees have an accessible, integrated system of clear, complete, accurate, timely, and useful management control policies and procedures; Contract Reform by restructuring the contract, organization, and cost accounting systems to refocus Hanford contract activities on output products; Systems and Operations Evaluation by directing the Cost Reduction program, Great Ideas, and Span of Management activities; Program Administration by enforcing conditions of Accountability (whether DEAR-based or FAR-based) for WHC, BCSR, ICF KH, and BHI; Contract Performance activities; chairing the WHC Cost Reduction Review Board; and analyzing companywide Performance Measures; Data Standards and Administration by establishing and directing the company data management program; giving direction to the major RL programs and mission areas for implementation of cost-effective and efficient data management practices; directing all operations, application, and interfaces contained within the Hanford PeopleCore System; directing accomplishment and delivery of TPA data management milestones; and directing the sitewide data management processes for Data Standards and the Data Directory.

  17. Revenue-Sharing Contract Models for Logistics Service Supply Chains with Mass Customization Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihua Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The revenue-sharing contract is one of the most important supply chain coordination contracts; it has been applied in various supply chains. However, studies related to service supply chains with mass customization (MC are lacking. Considering the equity of benefit distribution between the members of service supply chains, in this paper, we designed two revenue-sharing contracts. The first contract for the maximum equity of a single logistics service integrator (LSI and single functional logistics service provider (FLSP in a two-echelon logistics service supply chain was designed by introducing the fair entropy function (“one to one” model. Furthermore, the method is extended to a more complex supply chain, which consists of a single LSI and multiple FLSPs. A new contract was designed not only for considering the equity of an LSI and each FLSP but also for the equity between each FLSP (“one to N” model. The “one to one” model in three-echelon LSSC is also provided. The result exemplifies that, whether in the “one to one” model or “one to N” model, there exists a best interval of customized level when the revenue-sharing coefficient reaches its maximum.

  18. THE IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT ON RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN FINANCIAL SERVICES MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Pepur

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical arguments of the psychological contracts arise from the social exchange theory. According to this theory, all the parties involved in any type of relationships want to build a relationship based on mutual respect and fairness. The main goal of this paper is to explore the influence that psychological contracts have on the quality of the business-to-business relationship in the financial services market. The research conducted in this paper continued the pioneer work of Kingshott and Pecotich (2007 and by extending their conceptual model it provided the theoretical and practical insights specific to the business-to-business market. In the empirical part of the paper, the relationship between hotels and financial institutions in the Republic of Croatia is tested using the canonical correlation analysis. The results of the analysis confirm that the psychological contracts have an influence on the relationship quality between the partners in the financial services market.

  19. A SIMULATION OF CONTRACT FARMING USING AGENT BASED MODELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanita Handayati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to simulate the effects of contract farming and farmer commitment to contract farming on supply chain performance by using agent based modeling as a methodology. Supply chain performance is represented by profits and service levels. The simulation results indicate that farmers should pay attention to customer requirements and plan their agricultural activities in order to fulfill these requirements. Contract farming helps farmers deal with demand and price uncertainties. We also find that farmer commitment is crucial to fulfilling contract requirements. This study contributes to this field from a conceptual as well as a practical point of view. From the conceptual point of view, our simulation results show that different levels of farmer commitment have an impact on farmer performance when implementing contract farming. From a practical point of view, the uncertainty faced by farmers and the market can be managed by implementing cultivation and harvesting scheduling, information sharing, and collective learning as ways of committing to contract farming.

  20. 76 FR 10628 - International Product Change-International Business Reply Service Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE International Product Change--International Business Reply Service Contract AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 to the Competitive Products List pursuant to 39...

  1. 48 CFR 227.7206 - Contracts for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for architect... Rights in Computer Software and Computer Software Documentation 227.7206 Contracts for architect-engineer services. Follow 227.7107 when contracting for architect-engineer services....

  2. 75 FR 41093 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Rewrite of GSAR Part 516, Types of Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... contracts for architect-engineer (A-E) services and the addition of the verbiage ``under the PBS Design... GSAR 516.603-70, Limitations on the use of letter contracts for architect-engineer (A-E) services. This... prohibition placed on contracting officers to ``not authorize the A-E to begin the design effort before...

  3. 25 CFR 163.42 - Obligated service and breach of contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Obligated service and breach of contract. 163.42 Section... breach of contract. (a) Obligated service. (1) Individuals completing forestry education programs with an... request for waiver. (b) Breach of contract. Any individual who has participated in and accepted...

  4. 48 CFR 52.223-2 - Affirmative Procurement of Biobased Products Under Service and Construction Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Biobased Products Under Service and Construction Contracts. 52.223-2 Section 52.223-2 Federal Acquisition... Procurement of Biobased Products Under Service and Construction Contracts (DEC 2007) (a) In the performance of... CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.223-2 Affirmative Procurement of Biobased Products...

  5. Capability Coordination in Agricultural Products Logistics Service Supply Chain with Revenue-sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meiling He

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available To solve the capability coordination in logistics service based on the agricultural products industry, a two-stage agricultural products Logistics Service Supply Chain (LSSC was established with one agricultural products logistics service integrator and one functional logistics service provider. Based on the non-storage property of logistics service capability, the revenue-sharing contract model was built under the uncertain demand. The optimal logistics capability order quantity and the revenue-sharing coefficient were calculated when the agricultural products LSSC achieved coordination. Revenue-sharing contract can coordinate the agricultural products LSSC effectively compared with no contract. A numerical simulation was taken by MATLAB 7.0. The change of purchase price has no influence on the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of agricultural products LSSC. It achieves a redistribution of members’ profits. With the increases of penalty cost, the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of provider increase, while the expected profit of integrator and agricultural products LSSC decrease.

  6. 78 FR 13869 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    .../procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf . On December 19, 2011, OFPP issued...-contract-inventory-guidance.pdf . ] Except for minor changes to reporting deadlines, the guidance...

  7. 75 FR 57906 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... appraisals and make recommendations to the Director, DCAA, regarding final performance ratings and... INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra L. Burrell, Chief, Human Resources Management Division, Defense Contract Audit... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  8. Expanding the understanding of motivation in the theory of public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    The understanding of what drives efficient performance is only partial in the standard theory of public service contracting where performance essentially is explained as dependent on extrinsic incentives. In this paper I claim that intrinsic motivations and the dynamics between intrinsic...... motivations and extrinsic incentives also have a role for explaining performance. This role is not limited to shifts from the public to the private service sector, as suggested by current supplements to standard theory, but it is also extended to play a part in on-going and recurrent contractual relationships...... with private service providers. In order to address my claim, I provide an embedded case study based on qualitative data of motivations and motivational dynamics within a set of external contractual relations managed through a performance management scheme by a public contracting agency. I find...

  9. Challenges of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the National Health Service (NHS) in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addicott, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    For many years there has been a separation between purchasing and provision of services in the English National Health Service (NHS). Many studies report that this commissioning function has been weak: purchasers have had little impact or power in negotiations with large acute providers, and have had limited strategic control over the delivery of care. Nevertheless, commissioning has become increasingly embedded in the NHS structure since the arrival of Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in 2012. Recently, some of these CCGs have focused on how they can contract and commission in different ways to stimulate greater collaboration across providers. This paper examines experiences of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the English NHS, based on a series of national-level interviews and case studies of five health economies that are implementing novel contracting models. The cases illustrated here demonstrate early experiments to drive innovation through contracting in the NHS that have largely relied on the vision of individual teams or leaders, in combination with external legal, procurement and actuarial support. It is unlikely that this approach will be sustainable or replicable across the country or internationally, despite the best intentions of commissioners. Designing and operating novel contractual approaches will require considerable determination, alongside advanced skills in procurement, contract management and commissioning. The cost of developing new contractual approaches is high, and as the process is difficult and resource-intensive, it is likely that dedicated teams or programs will be required to drive significant improvement.

  10. A trace-based model for multiparty contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved, Tom; Klaedtke, Felix; Zălinescu, Eugen

    2012-01-01

    assignment is compositional by de¿ning contract conjunction and contract disjunction. Moreover, to specify real-world contracts, we introduce the contract speci¿cation language CSL with an operational semantics. We show that each CSL contract has a counterpart in our trace-based model and from...... the operational semantics we derive a run-time monitor. CSL overcomes limitations of previously proposed formalisms for specifying contracts by supporting: (history sensitive and conditional) commitments, parametrised contract templates, relative and absolute temporal constraints, potentially in¿nite contracts...

  11. The psychological contract: is the UK National Health Service a model employer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielden, Sandra; Whiting, Fiona

    2007-05-01

    The UK National Health Service (NHS) is facing recruitment challenges that mean it will need to become an 'employer of choice' if it is to continue to attract high-quality employees. This paper reports the findings from a study focusing on allied health professional staff (n = 67), aimed at establishing the expectations of the NHS inherent in their current psychological contract and to consider whether the government's drive to make the NHS a model employer meets those expectations. The findings show that the most important aspects of the psychological contract were relational and based on the investment made in the employment relationship by both parties. The employment relationship was one of high involvement but also one where transactional contract items, such as pay, were still of some importance. Although the degree of employee satisfaction with the relational content of the psychological contract was relatively positive, there was, nevertheless, a mismatch between levels of importance placed on such aspects of the contract and levels of satisfaction, with employees increasingly placing greater emphasis on those items the NHS is having the greatest difficulty providing. Despite this apparent disparity between employee expectation and the fulfilment of those expectations, the overall health of the psychological contract was still high.

  12. 76 FR 9382 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf.../offices/oacq/secfy2010servicecontractinventories.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  13. 基于不完全契约理论视角的外包服务商的管理%Based on Incomplete Contract Theory Perspective of Business Management Outsourcing Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨维芝

    2011-01-01

    Corporate and outseureing service providers in outsourcing contracts signed after completion, this would require the effective management of outseurcing relationships, appropriate supervision and incentives to guard against opportunistic behavior of service providers an effective way. Through the use of incomplete contract theory of incomplete contractual outsonreing analysis, revealed that incomplete contract of service outseureing to the impact of that business and outseureing service providers to establish a formal outsourcing contract basis , the contract for the complementary relationship between the incentives and the use of sound risk prevention mechanism for service providers to monitor service providers.%企业在与外包服务商签订完外包合同之后,需要对这种外包关系进行有效的管理,恰当的监督与激励是防范服务商机会主义行为的有效途径。通过运用不完全契约理论对服务外包不完全契约性的分析,揭示了这种不完全契约性给服务外包带来的影响,认为企业与外包服务商要建立起一种以正式的外包合同为基础,关系合同为补充的激励机制,并运用完善的服务商风险防范机制对服务商进行监督。

  14. 78 FR 45533 - Data on Service Contracts Included in Record of Inmate Calling Service Rates Proceeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ...In this document, the Wireline Competition Bureau (Bureau) notifies the public that certain publicly-available inmate calling services (ICS) contracts may be considered as part of the record in this proceeding. On June 6, 2013, the Bureau submitted a letter into the record noting that certain readily-available information may be relevant to a number of issues raised in this proceeding and may......

  15. 76 FR 59664 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... Service (SES) performance appraisals and make recommendations to the Director, DCAA, regarding final... this notice. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra L. Burrell, Chief, Human Resources Management... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  16. 77 FR 1689 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service...

  17. 76 FR 40937 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service...

  18. 77 FR 5062 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2011 Service...

  19. 76 FR 26296 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service...

  20. Does contracting of health care in Afghanistan work? Public and service-users' perceptions and experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cockcroft Anne

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In rebuilding devastated health services, the government of Afghanistan has provided access to basic services mainly by contracting with non-government organisations (NGOs, and more recently the Strengthening Mechanism (SM of contracting with Provincial Health Offices. Community-based information about the public's views and experience of health services is scarce. Methods Field teams visited households in a stratified random sample of 30 communities in two districts in Kabul province, with health services mainly provided either by an NGO or through the SM and administered a questionnaire about household views, use, and experience of health services, including payments for services and corruption. They later discussed the findings with separate community focus groups of men and women. We calculated weighted frequencies of views and experience of services and multivariate analysis examined the related factors. Results The survey covered 3283 households including 2845 recent health service users. Some 42% of households in the SM district and 57% in the NGO district rated available health services as good. Some 63% of households in the SM district (adjacent to Kabul and 93% in the NGO district ordinarily used government health facilities. Service users rated private facilities more positively than government facilities. Government service users were more satisfied in urban facilities, if the household head was not educated, if they had enough food in the last week, and if they waited less than 30 minutes. Many households were unwilling to comment on corruption in health services; 15% in the SM district and 26% in the NGO district reported having been asked for an unofficial payment. Despite a policy of free services, one in seven users paid for treatment in government facilities, and three in four paid for medicine outside the facilities. Focus groups confirmed people knew payments were unofficial; they were afraid to talk about

  1. 48 CFR 227.7107 - Contracts for architect-engineer services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for architect... Rights in Technical Data 227.7107 Contracts for architect-engineer services. This section sets forth... of construction and architect-engineer services....

  2. 76 FR 6499 - Public Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf... the Peace Corps homepage at the following link: http://multimedia.peacecorps.gov/multimedia/pdf/policies/PC_Service_Contracts_FY2010.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Questions regarding the...

  3. Choosing Whether to Buy or Make : The Contracting Out of Employment Reintegration Services by Dutch Municipalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plantinga, Mirjam; de Ridder, Ko; Corra, Alex

    2011-01-01

    The Western welfare states are under reform. An important part of these reforms is the introduction of market type mechanisms for the deliverance of public services. Over the years, many countries have chosen to contract out employment reintegration services. The underlying notion of contracting out

  4. 78 FR 35648 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... MANAGEMENT Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel... to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory. The information... inventory has been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office...

  5. 75 FR 14095 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ...; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals, Part 1--Charter AGENCY: Defense Acquisition... Charter of the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (ASBCA), dated May 14, 2007. The ASBCA is... of records and to such other instruments as the Board may determine. 11. This revised charter...

  6. 78 FR 52457 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ...; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals, Part 1--Charter CFR Correction 0 In Title 48 of the..., in Appendix A to Chapter 2, add two lines to the list immediately preceding Part 1-- Charter to read as follows: Appendix A to Chapter 2--Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals * * * * *...

  7. 78 FR 977 - Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Department of Transportation. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories..., Public Law 111-117, Department of Transportation is publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  8. 76 FR 4408 - Service Contract Inventory and Corresponding Point of Contact Information Per Section 703 of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Service Contract Inventory and Corresponding Point of Contact Information Per Section 703 of... Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: We are providing the Web site address (URL) for the Service Contract... Consolidated Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dennis Wilhite,...

  9. If you pay peanuts: a laboratory experiment on reward schemes in employment service contracting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Meerendonk, A.; Onderstal, S.

    2010-01-01

    The design of tenders and contracts is a crucial factor in the success or failure of the contracting-out of reintegration services. In a laboratory experiment with professionals from private reintegration service providers, we tested two tender designs. In the first design, the government announces

  10. Contracting for health services in New Zealand: a transaction cost analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashton, T

    1998-02-01

    The splitting of the functions of purchaser and provider in the New Zealand health system in 1993 necessitated the use of explicit contracts between the two parties. This paper examines contracting experiences during the first two years of operation. The study focuses on four services: rest homes, primary care clinics, surgical services, and acute mental health services. The insights of transaction cost economics form the theoretical framework. The objective of this study was to examine whether the transaction costs associated with contracting vary across the four different services, and whether different types of contracts and contractual relationships are emerging as transactors attempt to reduce these costs. Information was collected in a series of 53 interviews with purchasers and providers, together with any relevant documentation. The results suggest that the costs of contracting are indeed greater for some services than for others. Other variables such as the style of negotiations, the type and specificity of contracts and the degree of monitoring also differ across the four services. At this early stage of the reform process, there was little evidence that purchasers and providers were attempting to reduce transaction costs by negotiating more flexible, longer-term, relational contracts. The main benefit from contracting to date has been improved accountability of service providers.

  11. Contracting private sector providers for public sector health services in Jalisco, Mexico: perspectives of system actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Luz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase efficiency and expand coverage. A large body of literature has appeared in recent years focusing on the results of several contracting strategies, but very few papers have addressed aspects of the managerial process and how this can affect results. Case description This paper describes and analyses the perceptions and opinions of managers and workers about the benefits and challenges of the contracting model that has been in place for almost 10 years in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Both qualitative and quantitative information was collected. An open-ended questionnaire was used to obtain information from a group of managers, while information provided by a self-selected group of workers was collected via a closed-ended questionnaire. The analysis contrasted the information obtained from each source. Discussion and Evaluation Findings show that perceptions of managers and workers vary for most of the items studied. For managers the model has been a success, as it has allowed for expansion of coverage based on a cost-effective strategy, while for workers the model also possesses positive elements but fails to provide fair labour relationships, which negatively affects their performance. Conclusion Perspectives of the two main groups of actors in Jalisco's contracting model are important in the design and adjustment of an adequate contracting model that includes managerial elements to give incentives to worker performance, a key element necessary to achieve the model's ultimate objectives. Lessons learnt from this study could be relevant for the experience of contracting models in other developing countries.

  12. Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing

    CERN Document Server

    Duan, Lingjie; Huang, Jianwei

    2011-01-01

    Providing proper economic incentives is essential for the success of dynamic spectrum sharing. Cooperative spectrum sharing is one effective way to achieve this goal. In cooperative spectrum sharing, secondary users (SUs) relay traffics for primary users (PUs), in exchange for dedicated transmission time for the SUs' own communication needs. In this paper, we study the cooperative spectrum sharing under incomplete information, where SUs' types (capturing their heterogeneity in relay channel gains and evaluations of power consumptions) are private information and not known by PUs. Inspired by the contract theory, we model the network as a labor market. The single PU is the employer who offers a contract to the SUs. The contract consists of a set of contract items representing combinations of spectrum accessing time (i.e., reward) and relaying power (i.e., contribution). The SUs are employees, and each of them selects the best contract item to maximize his payoff. We study the optimal contract design for both w...

  13. 42 CFR 136a.13 - Authorization for contract health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... for medical care and services obtained from non-Service providers or in non-Service facilities unless... care and services has been issued by the appropriate ordering official to the medical care provider. (b... Indian, or the medical care provider shall, prior to the provision of medical care and services,......

  14. Differential Game Analyses of Logistics Service Supply Chain Coordination by Cost Sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haifeng Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cooperation of all the members in a supply chain plays an important role in logistics service. The service integrator can encourage cooperation from service suppliers by sharing their cost during the service, which we assume can increase the sales by accumulating the reputation of the supply chain. A differential game model is established with the logistics service supply chain that consists of one service integrator and one supplier. And we derive the optimal solutions of the Nash equilibrium without cost sharing contract and the Stackelberg equilibrium with the integrator as the leader who partially shares the cost of the efforts of the supplier. The results make the benefits of the cost sharing contract in increasing the profits of both players as well as the whole supply chain explicit, which means that the cost sharing contract is an effective coordination mechanism in the long-term relationship of the members in a logistics service supply chain.

  15. 17 CFR 256.01-4 - Construction or service contracts, and centralized procurement accounting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... classification of expenditures relating to projects as will meet the accounting requirements of the company for... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions... or service contracts, under which the service company undertakes projects to construct...

  16. 77 FR 26232 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-03

    ..., using as its source both the text of E.O. 13495 and 29 CFR part 9: A. The definitions ``service contract'' and ``United States'' at FAR 22.1201 apply to the new subpart. The definition of ``service employee... section 22.001 by adding, in alphabetical order, the definition ``Service employee'' to read as...

  17. 48 CFR 728.313 - Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services. 728.313 Section 728.313 Federal Acquisition...) USAID is required by law to include language in all its direct contracts and subcontracts ensuring...

  18. 29 CFR 4.6 - Labor standards clauses for Federal service contracts exceeding $2,500.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... contract is subject to the Service Contract Act of 1965, as amended (41 U.S.C. 351 et seq.) and is subject... rate and fringe benefits may be assigned to such conformed classification by indexing (i.e., adjusting... be subject to adjustment after 1 year and not less often than once every 2 years, pursuant to...

  19. Contracting of energy services guarantees comfortable climate; Contracting sorgt fuer angenehmes Klima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubli, E.

    2006-07-01

    This article takes a look at how the air-conditioning installations in the congress centre of the Swiss Exhibition Group in Basle, Switzerland, are maintained and operated on a contracting basis. The replacement of older systems with more efficient ones is described, as are the decisions made on what type of cooling systems was to be installed. The system chosen is described. At the same time, the installation, operation and maintenance of the installations was passed over to the local energy utility, IWB, who carries out theses tasks on a contracting basis. Brief technical data is given on the system, which was installed in stages.

  20. E-procurement in Contracting-out of Public Goods and Services: Evidence from Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svidroňová Mária Murray

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently growing attention has been paid to the issue of public-sector innovation: scholars have progressively developed a fully-fledged field of study in this direction, since remarkable differences exist between public and private organizations. Perhaps paradoxically, the decline of NPM itself from the 1990s onwards has paved the way to further developments of this field of study, surpassing the existent model through the exploration of innovative tools for stakeholders’ involvement in public decision-making. New Public Management reforms of public administration combined with the use of information and communication technologies have brought many innovations to the public sector, among others also public e-procurement. Our objective is to identify the driver and barriers of e-procurement use in contracting-out of public goods and services based on analysis in one selected region and its four municipalities in Slovakia. This study uses a qualitative and quantitative approach and is based on original data from our own research, including data collected within the LIPSE (Learning from Innovation in Public Sector Environments research project. The main findings of our analysis are that the use of public e-procurement is an innovative tool for contracting out the public services and as such facilitates modern public-administration reforms based on information and communication technologies.

  1. 77 FR 12273 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    .../memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf . On December 19, 2011, OFPP issued additional...-inventory-guidance.pdf . Except for minor changes to reporting deadlines, the guidance for preparing...

  2. 78 FR 11903 - Public Availability of the National Science Foundation Analysis of the 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ...-guidance-11052010.pdf and http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventory-guidance.pdf . The National Science Foundation has posted its Analysis of the...

  3. 78 FR 10215 - Public Availability of the National Science Foundation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ....gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf and....pdf . The National Science Foundation has posted its inventory and a summary of the inventory on...

  4. 75 FR 42774 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ...: Bureau of Reclamation, 1150 North Curtis Road, Suite 100, Boise, Idaho 83706-1234, telephone 208-378-5344... service contract. 23. Helena Sand & Gravel, Helena Valley Unit, P-SMBP, Montana: Request for a...

  5. 78 FR 13383 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory (SCI) AGENCY: Office of Procurement, National Aeronautics and Space... National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  6. 78 FR 10611 - Service Contract Inventory for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    .../servicecontractinventory.html . A service contract inventory is a tool for assisting an agency in better understanding how.../news/fedregister . To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at this...

  7. 76 FR 5567 - Service Contract Inventory for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    .../servicecontractinventory.html . A service contract inventory is a tool for assisting an agency in better understanding how....ed.gov/news/fedregister . To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free...

  8. 78 FR 11646 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  9. 77 FR 7139 - Public Availability of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board; FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... guidance issued on December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal... service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by...

  10. 77 FR 14522 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  11. 76 FR 30716 - Public Availability of the Federal Communications Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized... been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management...

  12. 76 FR 5589 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and...

  13. 78 FR 77450 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY2013 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that was made in FY2013. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  14. Web-based Altimeter Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, P. S.; Wilson, B. D.; Xing, Z.; Raskin, R. G.

    2010-12-01

    We have developed a web-based system to allow updating and subsetting of TOPEX data. The Altimeter Service will be operated by PODAAC along with their other provision of oceanographic data. The Service could be easily expanded to other mission data. An Altimeter Service is crucial to the improvement and expanded use of altimeter data. A service is necessary for altimetry because the result of most interest - sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) - is composed of several components that are updated individually and irregularly by specialized experts. This makes it difficult for projects to provide the most up-to-date products. Some components are the subject of ongoing research, so the ability for investigators to make products for comparison or sharing is important. The service will allow investigators/producers to get their component models or processing into widespread use much more quickly. For coastal altimetry, the ability to subset the data to the area of interest and insert specialized models (e.g., tides) or data processing results is crucial. A key part of the Altimeter Service is having data producers provide updated or local models and data. In order for this to succeed, producers need to register their products with the Altimeter Service and to provide the product in a form consistent with the service update methods. We will describe the capabilities of the web service and the methods for providing new components. Currently the Service is providing TOPEX GDRs with Retracking (RGDRs) in netCDF format that has been coordinated with Jason data. Users can add new orbits, tide models, gridded geophysical fields such as mean sea surface, and along-track corrections as they become available and are installed by PODAAC. The updated fields are inserted into the netCDF files while the previous values are retained for comparison. The Service will also generate SSH and SSHA. In addition, the Service showcases a feature that plots any variable from files in netCDF. The

  15. 7 CFR 1724.21 - Architectural services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the architect furnishes or obtains all architectural services related to the design and construction..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES... modifications or additions shall not relieve the architect or the borrower of the basic...

  16. 75 FR 13381 - Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... Korean typically would not provide the notice in a language with which the Spanish speakers are more... Department of Labor (DOL), in consultation with the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council (FARC), to issue... exempts from its terms: (a) Contracts or subcontracts under the simplified acquisition threshold...

  17. Why Training for Service Contract Management is Mission Essential

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The widely reported overcharging by Kellogg Brown & Root for gasoline during the Iraq invasion, the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal , and the Air...contracting adage says, Where there is no audit, there is no ethics. The recent Enron debacle provides an excellent example of just how true this adage can

  18. Security Guard Services Contract at Naval Weapons Station Earle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-23

    Naval Operations Instruction QA Quality Assurance QAE Quality Assurance Evaluator QAP Quality Assurance Plan INSPECTOR GENERAL... QAP ) that specifies all contract work requiring surveillance and the surveillance method. Maintenance and Operation Manual (MO)-327 provides...guidance for creating and administering the plan. MO-327 states that QAPs : (a) Provide quality assurance evaluators (QAEs) with a systematic plan

  19. Atomic Electronic Contract Protocol Based on Convertible Signature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yi-chun; WANG Li-na; ZHANG Huan-guo

    2005-01-01

    A new class of atomicity, namely contract atomicity is presented. A new technical strategy based on convertible signature and two-phase commitment is proposed for implementing atomicity of electronic contract protocol. A new atomic contract signing protocol is given out by using ElGamal-like convertible undeniable signature and commitment of conversion key, and another new atomic contract signing protocol is brought forward by using RSA-based convertible undeniable signature scheme and commitment of conversion key.These two new protocols are proved to be of atomicity, fairness, privacy, non-repudiation.

  20. 48 CFR 3052.209-76 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... or business ethics and that an award would be consistent with the mission of FPS. The business... longer calls into question the individual or business concern's integrity or business ethics and that an... Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned, controlled, or operated by...

  1. Cream-Skimming, Parking and Other Intended and Unintended Effects of High-Powered, Performance-Based Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koning, Pierre; Heinrich, Carolyn J.

    2013-01-01

    As performance-based contracting in social welfare services continues to expand, concerns about potential unintended effects are also growing. We analyze the incentive effects of high-powered, performance-based contracts and their implications for program outcomes using panel data on Dutch cohorts of unemployed and disabled workers that were…

  2. 76 FR 44948 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-18980] DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract Actions AGENCY: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior... Kelly, Water and Environmental Services Division, Bureau of Reclamation, P.O. Box 25007,...

  3. 76 FR 5614 - Public Availability of Department of Labor FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management, Labor. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 service... on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to... in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and...

  4. 78 FR 12357 - Public Availability of Department of Labor FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... information on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function... developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and...

  5. 48 CFR 970.2307 - Contracting for Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracting for Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services. 970.2307 Section 970.2307 Federal... Products and Services. Link to an amendment published at 75 FR 57695, Sept. 22, 2010. Effective Date...

  6. 78 FR 6168 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), we are publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  7. 77 FR 3836 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), we are publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  8. No Magic Solution: An examination of the arguments in favour of contracting out government services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joey O'Brien

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper examines the arguments commonly used to support contracting out service delivery to the private sector and attempts to demonstrate that these arguments overestimate the benefits of contracting out.  First, the economic savings attributed to contracting out service delivery are considered and shown to omit important supplementary costs associated with the contracting process. Next empirical evidence is used to test the common argument that private sector service delivery is always superior to that of the public sector. Finally, the assertion that contracting out service delivery will lead to innovative solutions to government’s problems is explored. The paper attempts to demonstrate that internal reforms of government structures should be considered as a strong alternative option to contracting out.   

  9. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...

  10. 48 CFR 237.104 - Personal services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... intelligence component or counter-intelligence organization of DoD; or (iii) Directly support the mission of...: (i) The services to be procured are urgent or unique; (ii) It would not be practical to obtain...

  11. Can Government Contract Positions Improve the Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China’s civil service has long been de- scribed as the"iron rice bowl,"meaning the place where employment is guaranteed for life.But as with all things in the coun- try,little escapes change.Wenzhou City in eastern Zhejiang Province recently updated the conventional image of the civil service by launching an initiative to introduce con- tracted technical employees into the system to supplement the government’s shortage of

  12. Extended warranties, maintenance service and lease contracts modeling and analysis for decision-making

    CERN Document Server

    Murthy, D N Prabhakar

    2014-01-01

    Serving to unify the existing literature on extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, this book also presents a unique perspective on the topic focussed on cost analysis and decision-making from the perspectives of the parties involved. Using a game theoretic approach together with mathematical modelling, results are presented in an integrated manner with key topics that require further research highlighted in order to serve as a starting point for researchers (engineers and statisticians) who are interested in doing further work in these areas. Designed to assist practitioners (managers, engineers, applied statisticians) who are involved with extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, the book provides them with the models and techniques needed for proper cost analysis and effective decision-making. The book is also suitable for use as a reference text in industrial engineering, applied statistics, operations research and management.

  13. DOD Inventory of Contracted Services: Timely Decisions and Further Actions Needed to Address Long Standing Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    under the 17 product service codes that the Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP) and GAO identified as likely to include closely associated...DOD obligated about $28 billion for contracts in the 17 product service codes that OFPP and GAO identified as more likely to include closely...functions—either within the 17 product service codes or for any other Components May Continue to Be Underreporting Contractors Performing Closely

  14. Perceived Barriers to Utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health Services in Contracted-Out Versus Government-Managed Health Facilities in the Rural Districts of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atif Riaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background A number of developing countries have contracted out public health facilities to the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs in order to improve service utilization. However, there is a paucity of in-depth qualitative information on barriers to access services as a result of contracting from service users’ perspective. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH services, in health facilities contracted out by government to NGO for service provision versus in those which are managed by government (non-contracted. Methods A community-based qualitative exploratory study was conducted between April to September 2012 at two contracted-out and four matched non-contracted primary healthcare facilities in Thatta and Chitral, rural districts of Pakistan. Using semi-structured guide, the data were collected through thirty-six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs conducted with mothers and their spouses in the catchment areas of selected facilities. Thematic analysis was performed using NVivo version 10.0 in which themes and sub-themes emerged. Results Key barriers reported in contracted sites included physical distance, user charges and familial influences. Whereas, poor functionality of health centres was the main barrier for non-contracted sites with other issues being comparatively less salient. Decision-making patterns for participants of both catchments were largely similar. Spouses and mother-in-laws particularly influenced the decision to utilize health facilities. Conclusion Contracting out of health facility reduces supply side barriers to MNH services for the community served but distance, user charges and low awareness remain significant barriers. Contracting needs to be accompanied by measures for transportation in remote settings, oversight on user fee charges by contractor, and strong communitybased behavior change strategies.

  15. DOD Service Acquisition: Improved Use of Available Data Needed to Better Manage and Forecast Service Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives. Each year, DOD relies on the private sector ...maintenance Equipment leases Page 7 GAO-16-119 DOD Service Acquisition Portfolio groups Sub-categories within portfolio group Equipment...Purchases and leases Salvage services Medical services General medical services Dentistry services Specialty medical services Facility related

  16. Statistical Process Control for Evaluating Contract Service at Army Installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 12a. DISTRIBUTION/ AVAILABILTY STATEMENT 12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE Approved for...requirements. In addition to their usage in fault diagnosis and process improvement, process control methods are recommended for supporting acceptance

  17. 42 CFR 136.24 - Authorization for contract health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... issued by the appropriate ordering official to the medical care provider. (b) In nonemergency cases, a... provider shall, prior to the provision of medical care and services notify the appropriate ordering... individual or agency acting on behalf of the Indian, or the medical care provider shall within 72 hours...

  18. 78 FR 80369 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ..., on a bilateral basis in accordance with FAR 1.108(d)(3), within six months of the effective date of... to 41 U.S.C. Sec. 1906 and states that the law applies to acquisitions of commercial items; or 3. Is... stipulation ``for services'' was added at FAR 4.1703(a)(1) and 4.1703(a)(3) to clarify that...

  19. 76 FR 53719 - Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ..., 2009, President Barack Obama signed Executive Order 13495, Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under... of 1965, 41 U.S.C. 6701(3). The Service Employees International Union (SEIU) and Change to Win...'' through reference to definitions set forth in the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) or established...

  20. Implementation of the Service Contract Act of 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    purpose the furnishing of servit -(. through the use of service employees, except those tran:..c- tiuns identified in paragraph (p) of the clause in...Nonpersonal Servites . It is to be emphasized that the examples below are for illustrati’e purposes onl and are not to be used as the basis for a determination

  1. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspectiv

  2. Proposal for the award of a contract for security and access control services

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for security and access control services. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with ENTREPRISE TECHNIQUE DE SECURITE (FR), the lowest bidder, for the provision of security and access control services for three years for a total amount of 7 105 750 euros (11 078 466 Swiss francs), not subject to revision until 1 July 2008, with options for additional services, for an additional amount of 192 420 euros (300 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision until 1 July 2008, bringing the total amount to 7 298 170 euros (11 378 466 Swiss francs), not subject to revision until 1 July 2008. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender

  3. Proposal for the award of an industrial support contract for radiation monitoring services for LEP dismantling

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Service contract for radiation monitoring services for LEP dismantling. Following a market survey carried out among 34 firms in nine Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2769/SL/LEP) was sent on 13 March 2000 to seven firms and three consortia in five Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received six tenders from three firms and three consortia in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium ISS MULTISERVICE (CH), NFI (SE) and ISS GEBÄUDESERVICE (DE), the lowest technically qualified bidder, for radiation monitoring services for LEP dismantling for a total amount of 990 792 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-59%, DE-26%, SE-15%.

  4. Legal Issues of A Surrogacy Contract Based on Iranian Acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Pirouz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Assistive technologies have always opened new horizons in human's life, posed solutions to problemsand brought relief and prosperity for human beings. Iranian judicial authorities have recently recognizedthe importance of medical technologies. Accordingly, Iranian legal system has recognized surrogacy anda surrogacy contract seems unavoidable for surrogacy to be legally valid, socially acceptable andreligiously legitimate. As a legal defense of including a typical surrogacy contract in contract law, thisreview studies the four building blocks of a valid contract: the intention and consent of parties, theirlegal capacity, the subject of the contract and its legitimacy. Discussing related Iranian Acts concerningcontracts and responsibilities of parties, the authors of the present article deal with main commitmentsand responsibilities of the parties to a typical surrogacy contract: infertile couples, surrogate, fertilityclinic or medical institute, and surrogate's husband. The authors conclude that a surrogacy contract isaccepted based on article 10 of Iranian Civil Act 1928, pose some suggestions to be included in such acontract, and emphasize that a specific Act concerning surrogacy should be approved to cover rights andlegal needs of all parties to a surrogacy contract.

  5. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for software support for industrial controls

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for software support for industrial controls. Following a market survey carried out among 68 firms in twelve Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2711/ST) was sent on 12 April 2000 to nine firms and five consortia in eight Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received seven tenders from two firms and five consortia in six Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the firm GTD (ES), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of three years from 1 October 2000, for a total amount not exceeding 4 500 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include an option for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: ES?100%.

  6. Performance-Based Services Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Nonetheless, it is clear that contracting will continue to play an important role in the DoD even after the U.S. military presence is reduced in Iraq and...13 R.C., Jr. 2006). PBSA became the latest term for outcomes-based contracting after the issuance of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy’s...demand through two phenomena known as the whiplash effect and supply push. Currently, the system has high and rising maintenance costs, long

  7. 48 CFR 1552.216-73 - Fixed rates for services-indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CLAUSES Texts of Provisions and Clauses 1552.216-73 Fixed rates for services—indefinite delivery... rates for services in indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contracts. When the contract contains... option periods. Fixed Rates for Services—Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Contract (APR 1984)...

  8. Financial Consumer Protection in the EU : Towards a Self-Sufficient European Contract Law for Consumer Financial Services?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cherednychenko, O.O.

    2014-01-01

    The rapid expansion of European contract law in the field of consumer financial services gives rise to the question to what extent it is self-sufficient. A self-sufficient European contract law presupposes the existence of an EU-made and EU-enforced contract-related legal order which is largely dist

  9. An Analysis of the United States Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    13 a. Contract Provision 1— ESCO Profit Limits...........................13 b. Contract Provision 2—Terms and...7 ESCO - Energy Service Company ESPC - Energy Savings Performance Contract FEMP - Federal Energy Management Program of DoE FAR - Federal...CONTRACTS Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) are performance-based service contracts with Energy Service Companies ( ESCO ) for energy

  10. 77 FR 7183 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public... 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this...

  11. 76 FR 6827 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautic and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), National Aeronautic and...

  12. 76 FR 27274 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System 48 CFR Chapter 2 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: DoD is issuing a final rule to update the Rules...

  13. 76 FR 60527 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... region in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michelle Kelly, Water... for the delivery of project water for authorized uses in newspapers of general circulation in...

  14. 76 FR 73674 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... region in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michelle Kelly, Water... for the delivery of project water for authorized uses in newspapers of general circulation in...

  15. Defense Health Care: Evaluation of TRICARE Pharmacy Services Contract Structure is Warranted

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    costs by identifying high-cost beneficiaries, including those with chronic conditions such as asthma and diabetes , and targeting timely and cost...involves providing coordinated health care interventions and communications to patients who have chronic conditions, such as diabetes or asthma ...pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes . Page 17 GAO-13-808 DOD Pharmacy Services Contract telecommunication standard from the National

  16. 78 FR 14415 - Publication of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Publication of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory Analysis AGENCY: Departmental Offices, Treasury... 2013, Treasury seeks to determine if its mix of Federal/contractor employees dedicated to...

  17. 48 CFR 3452.237-70 - Identification of reports under consulting services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Identification of reports under consulting services contracts. 3452.237-70 Section 3452.237-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS...

  18. 77 FR 24990 - Public Availability of the Department of Labor FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-26

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management, Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of... provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2011. The information is organized... been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management...

  19. 77 FR 6584 - Public Availability of Department of Justice FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... Availability of Department of Justice FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Justice Management Division... actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by function to show how... with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of...

  20. 78 FR 14298 - Public Availability of Environmental Protection Agency FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 ] that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal... Management, Headquarters Procurement Operations Division (3803R), Business Analysis and Strategic...

  1. 76 FR 5778 - Public Availability of the Department of Agriculture FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... Procurement and Property Management, USDA. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service Contract... actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how... with guidance issued on ] November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of...

  2. 78 FR 18966 - Publication of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    .... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout..., and December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy... Director, Office of Management and Administration, Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency,...

  3. 77 FR 75780 - Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts; Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Service Contracts; Effective Date AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division, Department of Labor. ACTION: Final rule; notice of effective date and OMB approval of information collection requirements. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor announces the effective date of its Final Rule published on August 29, 2011, to...

  4. 77 FR 7184 - Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... Administration (NARA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of its FY 2011...

  5. Features of the Maintenance Agreement (Contract for the Delivery of Goods, Works and Services for State and Municipal Needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgeniya V. Loginova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Article analyzes main features of the agreement (contract for the delivery of goods, works and services for state and municipal needs. It is shown that civil-legal nature of this agreement, which aims to meet the public interest. It is emphasized that this agreement is the special subject composition. Features of this type of contract, which is manifested in the use of special methods of placing state and municipal orders are shown. It is proved that for the public contract subject of the contract will depend on the considered whether the supply agreement or service contract. Existing in the modern civil law doctrine approaches to understanding the essential terms of the contract are analyzed. Features of pricing in this agreement is shown. It was concluded that, in contrast to other types of civil contracts, state contract has a wide range of essential conditions.

  6. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts. 2937.103-70 Section 2937.103-70... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis and... that contractor? (2) If the requirement is for support services (such as system engineering...

  7. Contracting but not without caution: experience with outsourcing of health services in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqi, Sameen; Masud, Tayyeb Imran; Sabri, Belgacem

    2006-11-01

    The public sector in developing countries is increasingly contracting with the non-state sector to improve access, efficiency and quality of health services. We conducted a multicountry study to assess the range of health services contracted out, the process of contracting and its influencing factors in ten countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. Our results showed that Afghanistan, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan had experience with outsourcing of primary care services; Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia extensively contracted out hospital and ambulatory care services; while Bahrain, Morocco and the Syrian Arab Republic outsourced mainly non-clinical services. The interest of the non-state sector in contracting was to secure a regular source of revenue and gain enhanced recognition and credibility. While most countries promoted contracting with the private sector, the legal and bureaucratic support in countries varied with the duration of experience with contracting. The inherent risks evident in the contracting process were reliance on donor funds, limited number of providers in rural areas, parties with vested interests gaining control over the contracting process, as well as poor monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Contracting provides the opportunity to have greater control over private providers in countries with poor regulatory capacity, and if used judiciously can improve health system performance.

  8. WEB SERVICE BASED RELIABLE - SHELTERED MEDI HELPER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Priya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The veracity and secrecy of medical information which is transacted over the Internet is vulnerable to attack. But the transaction of such details is mandatory in order to avail the luxury of medical services anywhere, anytime. Especially in a web service enabled system for hospital management, it becomes necessary to address these security issues. It is mandatory that the services guarantee message delivery to software applications, with a chosen level of quality of service (QoS. This paper presents a VDM++ based specification for modelling a security framework for web services with non repudiation to ensure that a party in a dispute cannot repudiate, or refute the validity of a statement or contract and it is ensured that the transaction happens in a reliable manner. This model presents the procedure and technical options to have a secure communication over Internet with web services. Based on the model the Medi - Helper is developed to use the technologies of WS-Security, WS-Reliability and WS-Policy, WSRN in order to create encrypted messages so that the Patient’s medical records are not tampered with when relayed over Internet, and are sent in a reliable manner. In addition to authentication, integrity, confidentiality, as proposed in this paper security framework for healthcare based web services is equipped with non repudiation which is not inclusive in many existing frameworks.

  9. Proposal for the award of an industrial support contract for transport and handling services

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an industrial support contract for transport and handling services. Following a market survey carried out among 49 firms in nine Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2395/ST/Revised) was sent on 7 April 1999 to two firms and six consortia in seven Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received six tenders. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium DELATTRE-LEVIVIER (FR) ? BELLELI (IT) ? SETROVA (PT) the lowest bidder complying with the specification, for an initial period of three years, from 1st May 2000, for a total amount not exceeding 22 000 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 30 April 2003. The contract will include an option for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period.

  10. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neacșu, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommended.

  11. Underwater vehicle trajectory estimation using contracting PDE-based observers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Opderbecke, Jan

    This paper addresses the issue of estimating underwater vehicle trajectories using Gyro-Doppler (body-fixed velocities) and acoustic signals (earth-fixed positions). The approach consists of diffusion-based observers processing a whole trajectory segment at a time, allowing to consider important...... practical problems such as different information update rates, outages, and outliers in a very simple framework. Results of (Lohmiller and Slotine, 1999) are used to prove that the observers are contracting, i.e. convergent in the sense of contraction analysis. Simulation and experimental results...

  12. On the Relations between Service Guarantee and Customers′Behavior Intention based on Customers′Psychological Contract%基于顾客心理契约的服务保证与消费者行为意向关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单汨源; 邓青瑞; 张人龙

    2014-01-01

    本文采用结构方程构建了服务保证之基于消费者心理契约的中介模型,对C2 C环境下服务保证、消费者心理契约和行为意向间关系进行实证研究。结果表明:条件限制性和承诺适度性对消费者交易心理契约有显著的正向影响,条件限制性与利用便捷性对关系心理契约有显著的正向影响,承诺适度性对关系心理契约有显著的负向影响;条件限制性只能通过心理契约影响行为意向,承诺适度性只能通过交易心理契约影响交易型行为意向,但承诺适度性和利用便捷性不仅能通过关系心理契约间接影响关系型行为意向,而且能直接影响关系型行为意向。%This paper makes an empirical study on the relations among service guarantee , customers′psychological con-tract and customers′behavior intention in the C2C environment by adopting the structural equation model to build a medi-ation model of service guarantee based on consumers′psychological contract .The result shows that the restrictive condi-tions and moderate commitments have a significance positive effect on customers ′psychological agreement in a trade .The convenient utilization and restrictive conditions favorably influence their relational inner contract , but the suitable promise makes the opposite situation .It′s also found that the restrictive conditions can influence their behavior intention only by psychological contract , and the proper commitments affect their behavior intention in a trade just by transactional psycho -logical contract , but the convenient utilization and moderate commitments influence customers ′relational behavior inten-tion, both indirectly and directly .

  13. 50 CFR 260.96 - Application for fishery products inspection service on a contract basis at official establishments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Application for fishery products inspection service on a contract basis at official establishments. Any person desiring to process and pack products in an establishment under fishery products inspection service on a..., and facilities according to the requirements of the fishery products inspection service and...

  14. 77 FR 14600 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... AFFAIRS Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract... Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-117), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is publishing this notice...

  15. Searching for Contracting Patterns over Time: Do Prime Contractor and Subcontractor Relations Follow Similar Patterns for Professional Services Provision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponomariov, Branco; Kingsley, Gordon; Boardman, Craig

    2011-01-01

    This paper compares over a 12-year period (1) patterns of contracting between a state transportation agency and its prime contractors providing engineering design services with (2) patterns between these prime contractors and their subcontractors. We find evidence of different contracting patterns at each level that emerge over time and coexist in…

  16. 78 FR 16523 - Public Availability of Department of the Interior FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory and FY 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory and the FY... contract actions over $25,000 that the Department made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function... 19, 2011 and November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal...

  17. Doing the splits: contracting issues in the New Zealand health service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howden-Chapman, P

    1993-08-01

    The purchaser-provider split is an integral part of the New Zealand and UK health care reforms. The split is seen as an opportunity to introduce competition by increasing the number of players. The assumption is that competition among providers, purchasers or indeed funders, increases efficiency and provides more consumer choice. This paper looks at the issue of contracting in the New Zealand health services within the framework of transaction cost analysis. It examines evidence about the effects of formal contracting rather than the more traditional, informal negotiations that take place within a hierarchy. A number of potential problems with an indiscriminate provider split are highlighted and the conclusion drawn, that the outcome of such a split is likely to be more unpredictable than official expectations. In the absence of pilots, monitoring the implementation will be critically important to be able to compare the outcomes of different ways of organising the health care system.

  18. 75 FR 5113 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation for Leasehold...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... initial LSI value under the new contract on a monthly straight-line depreciation basis, applying a 40-year... be based on straight-line depreciation and also apply a 40-year recovery period (on a monthly basis... value; (3) Less depreciation of the related capital improvement on the basis of its condition as of...

  19. 75 FR 54179 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation Formula for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... general called for the straight-line depreciation of LSI value on a 40-year basis. However, the... straight-line depreciation basis applying a 40-year recovery period regardless of asset class. (b) The...) constructed or installed during the term of the new contract based on straight line depreciation and...

  20. Performance-based contracts for road projects comparative analysis of different types

    CERN Document Server

    Gajurel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on the aspects of contracting contracts, basically related to road construction and management contracts. The book presents an analytical study of Performance-Based Road Management and Maintenance (PMMR), Funktionsbauvertrag (FBV) (Function-Based Construction Contract) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A separate chapter is also included about the comparative study of these contract types. The book provides useful material for university libraries, construction companies and government departments of construction.

  1. 42 CFR 136.30 - Payment to Medicare-participating hospitals for authorized Contract Health Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... prospective payment system (PPS) will be based on that PPS. For example, payment for inpatient hospital services shall be made per discharge based on the applicable PPS used by the Medicare program to pay for... based on a PPS used in the Medicare program to pay for similar hospital services under 42 CFR part...

  2. Maintenance service contract model for heavy equipment in mining industry using principal agent theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakpahan, Eka K. A.; Iskandar, Bermawi P.

    2015-12-01

    Mining industry is characterized by a high operational revenue, and hence high availability of heavy equipment used in mining industry is a critical factor to ensure the revenue target. To maintain high avaliability of the heavy equipment, the equipment's owner hires an agent to perform maintenance action. Contract is then used to control the relationship between the two parties involved. The traditional contracts such as fixed price, cost plus or penalty based contract studied is unable to push agent's performance to exceed target, and this in turn would lead to a sub-optimal result (revenue). This research deals with designing maintenance contract compensation schemes. The scheme should induce agent to select the highest possible maintenance effort level, thereby pushing agent's performance and achieve maximum utility for both parties involved. Principal agent theory is used as a modeling approach due to its ability to simultaneously modeled owner and agent decision making process. Compensation schemes considered in this research includes fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing. The optimal decision is obtained using a numerical method. The results show that if both parties are risk neutral, then there are infinite combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing produced the same optimal solution. The combination of fixed price and cost sharing contract results in the optimal solution when the agent is risk averse, while the optimal combination of fixed price and revenue sharing contract is obtained when agent is risk averse. When both parties are risk averse, the optimal compensation scheme is a combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing.

  3. Proposal for the award of an industrial service contract for stores operations and relatedlogistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an industrial support contract for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium ISS (CH) - ISS (ES), for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 10 312 028 Swiss francs not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period.

  4. Bridging the financial gap through providing contract services: a model for publicly funded clinical biobanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlakidis, Zisis; Mant, Christine; Cason, John

    2012-08-01

    Biobanks offer translational researchers a novel method of obtaining clinical research materials, patient data, and relevant ethical and legal permissions. However, such tissue collections are expensive to establish and maintain. Current opinion is that such initiatives can only survive with core funding from Government or major funding bodies. Given the present climate of financial austerity, funding agencies may be tempted to invest in fast-return research projects rather than in maintaining tissue collections, whose benefits will only become apparent in much longer timescales. Thus, securing additional funding for biobanks could provide a valuable boost enabling an extension of core services. Here we suggest that using biobank expertise to offer contract services to clinicians and industry may be an alternative approach to obtaining such extra funding.

  5. Implementation of OGC Web Map Service Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Wenjue; CHEN Yumin; GONG Jianya

    2004-01-01

    OGC Web Map Service is one kind of OGC Portrayal Services belongs to OGC Web Service model and it provides multi-platform interoperability of spatial data set. This paper presents a method for implementing OGC Web Map Service based on Web Service technique and introduces the detailed process.

  6. 38 CFR 17.81 - Contracts for residential treatment services for veterans with alcohol or drug dependence or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... treatment services for veterans with alcohol or drug dependence or abuse disabilities. 17.81 Section 17.81... dependence or abuse disabilities. (a) Contracts for treatment services authorized under § 17.80(a) may be... Department of Veterans Affairs sponsored residents to adjust to and maintain freedom from dependence on...

  7. 77 FR 22831 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  8. 76 FR 5647 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  9. 78 FR 16563 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  10. Diversification or splitting-an explanation based on Contract Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Liang-zhong; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    By inserting the variable of the exactness of corporate valuation into the classic model of Contract Theory, this paper,on the bases of the interaction of the variables of the veraciousness of corporate valuation, managerial incentives and operational risks, explores the deep-seated reasons for changes in corporate structures, and draws the conclusion that the divestment of the subsidiary is beneficial to shareholders when the parent corporate is undervalued and that the relation between the parent and the subsidiary is disordered, or vice versa. This conclusion is consistent with the motives of many divestiture cases in reality.

  11. Trust-based or performance-based management: a study of employment contracting in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersen, Inger Johanne

    2011-01-01

    Hospitals are frequently changing managerial practices due to numerous public sector reforms taking place. In general, these reforms include the making and monitoring of contracts that regulate relations between the hospitals and their professional staffs. The aim of this paper is to discuss some main characteristics of the contracts that regulate the perceived relations between physicians as employees and the public hospital as employer. The theoretical framework is based on a contract theory approach. The empirical data is based on survey data from full-time employed physicians in the medical and surgical divisions in one of the largest university hospitals in Norway. This study shows that perceived obligations and psychological contracts indicate high degree of relational contracts between the hospital and the physicians. These socio-cultural elements should be recognized as important mechanisms of coordination and communication when policy makers and hospital managers are designing hospital management control systems.

  12. 78 FR 14141 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  13. 77 FR 50542 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  14. Attracting Health Insurance Buyers through Selective Contracting: Results of a Discrete-Choice Experiment among Users of Hospital Services in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelien Bergrath

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2006, the Netherlands commenced market based reforms in its health care system. The reforms included selective contracting of health care providers by health insurers. This paper focuses on how health insurers may increase their market share on the health insurance market through selective contracting of health care providers. Selective contracting is studied by eliciting the preferences of health care consumers for attributes of health care services that an insurer could negotiate on behalf of its clients with health care providers. Selective contracting may provide incentives for health care providers to deliver the quality that consumers need and demand. Selective contracting also enables health insurers to steer individual patients towards selected health care providers. We used a stated preference technique known as a discrete choice experiment to collect and analyze the data. Results indicate that consumers care about both costs and quality of care, with healthy consumers placing greater emphasis on costs and consumers with poorer health placing greater emphasis on quality of care. It is possible for an insurer to satisfy both of these criteria by selective contracting health care providers who consequently purchase health care that is both efficient and of good quality.

  15. Polymerization contraction and conversion of light-curing BisGMA-based methacrylate resins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venhoven, B A; de Gee, A J; Davidson, C L

    1993-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the polymerization contraction and the conversion of light-curing methacrylate resins based on bisphenol-A bis(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylate (BisGMA) diluted with triethylene glycol dimethyacrylate (TEGDMA), methyl methacrylate (MMA), hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) or (+/-)-2-ethylhexyl methacrylate (EHMA). The contraction measurements were carried out with a linometer, a simple device to determine true linear polymerization contraction of liquid monomers at ambient temperature. The contraction increased with the amount of diluting monomer. The estimated conversion of the BisGMA-TEGDMA, calculated using the contraction, is consistent with literature values. The BisGMA-HPMA mixtures showed high conversions at moderate contraction.

  16. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    of projects have had trouble to develop. The paper views PPP as an interaction between an emergent governance frame and operational activities in the project. PPP is an element of a networked public sector and the paper takes a network and political process approach to the shaping of PPP in Denmark....... It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...... of opportunity shows that on the operational level the contractual, financial and skill basis for the project has to be mobilized, negotiated, partly stabilized and renegotiated. The participating actors thus have to develop a new set of skills in dealing with municipalities and managing operations in PPPs....

  17. Soil-based ecosystem services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghaley, Bhim Bahadur; Porter, John Roy; Sandhu, Harpinder S.

    2014-01-01

    Among the soil-based ecosystem services (ES), nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration have direct influence on the biogeochemical cycles and greenhouse gas emissions affecting provision of other ES that support human existence. We reviewed methods to assess the two key ES by identifying their s...... and functional diversity approaches to ensure sustainable provision of ES. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis....

  18. A Corpus-based Study on the Use of Contractions by EFL Learners in Argumentative Essays

    OpenAIRE

    M. Pınar Babanoğlu

    2017-01-01

    Contraction forms in English are mostly occur in speech and informal writing and they are generally avoided in formal writing types such as academic prose, business reports and journal articles, therefore, most teachers discourage their use in academic essays (Biber, Johansonn, Leech, Conrad and Finegan 1999). Contractions in English have two types; negative contractions (isn’t, haven’t, doesn’t) and verb contractions (I’m, they’ve, that’s). This corpus based study attempts to investigate con...

  19. Research on the Evaluation Indicator of Energy Performance Contracting Service%合同能源管理服务评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢修平; 郑深; 邓秋玮; 李可伟; 李云

    2014-01-01

    我国在“十二五”规划中明确提出加快推行合同能源管理,促进节能服务产业的发展。作为合同能源管理项目的实施主体,节能服务公司在这其中发挥着至关重要的作用。为规范节能服务公司实施合同能源管理项目,科学评价其合同能源管理服务水平,本文以现有服务质量评价理论为基础,结合业内相关机构对合同能源管理的评价需求,通过分析合同能源管理作为生产性服务业的服务特性,提出从服务能力、服务过程及服务绩效三个维度构建合同能源管理服务评价指标体系,并阐述了上述三个维度之间的内在关联。合同能源管理服务评价指标体系的建立,有利于规范和引导节能服务公司提供良好的合同能源管理服务。%In the 12th five-year plan, Chinese government clearly put forward to speed up the implementation of Energy Performance Contracting to promote the development of energy-saving services industry. As the principal part of the implementation of Energy Performance Contracting Project, energy service companies play a vital role in the field. Based on the existing service quality evaluation theory and combined with the relevant agencies industry demands for Energy Performance Contracting evaluation, the paper analyzes the service characteristics of Energy Performance Contracting, puts forward the evaluation index system in three dimensions of service ability, process and performance, and elaborates the intrinsic connection among the three dimensions, in order to regulate the energy service companies’ implementation and scientifically evaluate its service level. The establishment of the evaluation index system will be conducive to regulate and guide the energy services company to provide good Energy Performance Contracting services.

  20. Joint-Base Contracting: A Comparative Analysis of Joint-Base Contracting Activities Between Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    business areas (Donaldson, 2001). Significant follow-on work has taken the idea of contingency theory to other fields of study. For example, Fred ...Purchasing and Materials Management, 17(4), 20–24. Fiedler , F. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. New York, NY: McGraw- Hill. Fredrickson

  1. 78 FR 6827 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are...-contract-inventories by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  2. How to Prevent Corruption Without Affecting Efficiency? An Overview of Safeguard Measures for Contracting Out Public Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger E. HAMLIN

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the issue of finding the right balance between regulatory oversight, decision-making flexibility and reliance on market forces to safeguard the contracting-out process from corruption. The paper analyses the corrupt practices associated with contracting out local public services and the causes and consequences of this behavior. Taking into consideration new anticorruption strategies, we make recommendations for attaining equilibrium between flexible safeguard measures and accountable and transparent practices aimed at verifying whether regulations and standards are met. The strategy also emphasizes the training of public officials, to provide them with appropriate skills and professional capacity to identify and manage corruption risks. The last part of the paper recommends future research to identify best practices among different communities and states attempting to control corruption practices when contracting out public services.

  3. Service contracts in the petroleum industry - a practical approach; Contrato de servicos na industria do petroleo - uma abordagem pratica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Sidney P. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The worldwide competition and the availability of new business opportunities have paved the way for service contracts as an attractive option when performing feasibility analysis for gas and energy projects. This paper addresses this subject and incorporates the experience gotten at PETROBRAS focusing on Compression Service Contract for Gas Pipeline Transmission System and also on Gas Processing Contract for gas dew point adjustment for natural gas production so as to specify the gas for industrial and automotive use. The methodology presented, that incorporates Monte Carlo Simulation for Risk Analysis, can be applied for any project with similar characteristics. This paper also underlines the importance of the use of Risk Analysis for feasibility studies. (author)

  4. Army Contracting: Training and Guidance Needed to Ensure Appropriate Use of the Option to Extend Services Clause

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-28

    value reported in FPDS-NG Computer support Services 12 months 12 months --First extension: 6 months --Second extension: 6 months $14.5 million...extensions are included below: • A sole-source bridge contract to provide computer support services such as hosting, computer operations, application...order. Call for additional information. Connect with GAO on Facebook , Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube. Subscribe to our RSS Feeds or E-mail Updates

  5. 48 CFR 52.247-13 - Accessorial Services-Moving Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-Moving Contracts. 52.247-13 Section 52.247-13 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Clauses 52.247-13 Accessorial Services—Moving Contracts. As prescribed in 47.207-5(c), insert a clause... furniture: Accessorial Services—Moving Contracts (APR 1984) (a) Packing and/or crating and padding....

  6. Barreras para la normalización de la telemedicina en un sistema de salud basado en la concertación de servicios Barriers to the normalization of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Roig

    2011-10-01

    participate in the design and implementation of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts. Methods: We performed a qualitative study based on data from semi-structured interviews with 17 key informants belonging to distinct Catalan health organizations. Results: The barriers identified were grouped in four areas: technological, organizational, human and economic. The main barriers identified were changes in the healthcare model caused by telemedicine, problems with strategic alignment, resistance to change in the (redefinition of roles, responsibilities and new skills, and lack of a business model that incorporates telemedicine in the services portfolio to ensure its sustainability. Conclusions: In addition to suitable management of change and of the necessary strategic alignment, the definitive normalization of telemedicine in a mixed healthcare model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts requires a clear and stable business model that incorporates this modality in the services portfolio and allows healthcare organizations to obtain reimbursement from the payer.

  7. Full-Service Contracts: An Exploratory Study Into Industrial Purchasing Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Wuyts, S.; Stremersch, S.; Frambach, R.T.

    1999-01-01

    This paper elaborates on the conceptual dimensions of full-service strategy and its implications on industrial purchasing behavior. Changes in marketing approach are caused by shifts in the buying center structure and customers' valuation criteria. Hndings are based on expert interviews and an exploratory conjoint experiment within the industrial maintenance market.

  8. Location Based Services and Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenis Gorrita Michel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Location Based Services (LBS continue to grow in popularity, effectiveness and reliability, to the extent that applications are designed and implemented taking into account the facilities of the user location information. In this work, some of the main applications are addressed, in order to make an assessment of the current importance of the LBS, as a branch of technology in full swing. In addition, the main techniques for location estimation are studied, essential information to the LBS. Because of this it is a highly topical issue, the ongoing works and researches are also discussed.

  9. 29 CFR 4.130 - Types of covered service contracts illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Aerial reconnaissance for fire detection. (3) Ambulance service. (4) Barber and beauty shop services. (5... maintenance and operation and engineering support services. (16) Exploratory drilling (other than part...

  10. Agent-based Cloud service composition

    OpenAIRE

    Sim, Kwang Mong; Gutierrez-Garcia, J. Octavio

    2013-01-01

    Service composition in multi-Cloud environments\\ud must coordinate self-interested participants, automate\\ud service selection, (re)configure distributed services, and deal\\ud with incomplete information about Cloud providers and\\ud their services. This work proposes an agent-based approach\\ud to compose services in multi-Cloud environments for different\\ud types of Cloud services: one-time virtualized services,\\ud e.g., processing a rendering job, persistent virtualized services,\\ud e.g., in...

  11. Designing Personalization in Technology-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Min Kyung

    2013-01-01

    Personalization technology has the potential to optimize service for each person's unique needs and characteristics. One way to optimize service is to allow people to customize the service themselves; another is to proactively tailor services based on information provided by people or inferred from their past behaviors. These approaches function…

  12. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises run by the CERN Housing Service. Following a market survey carried out among 32 firms in ten Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2404/AS/Rev.) was sent on 5 April 2000 to one firm and three consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from the firm and the three consortia. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium VIENNA INTERNATIONAL HOTEL MANAGEMENT (AT) - SEREG (CH), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of five years, to enter into force on 1 January 2001, for a total amount of 6 871 850 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 31 December 2001. The contract will include an option for two one-year extensions beyond the initial five-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-60%, AT-...

  13. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio (base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5−3.0 times the measured values.

  14. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio(base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5-3.0 times the measured values.

  15. Analysis on the contracting service model in community health centers%社区卫生服务机构签约服务模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁莎莎; 王芳; 李陈晨; 刘利群; 周巍; 马海燕; 傅济; 刘伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the progress of the contracting service model in community health centers in the typical areas in China, and provide empirical evidence for the hierarchical system targeted to make first contact and orderly dual transfer. Methods: Purposive sampling was adopted. Twelve community health centers in Beijing, Shanghai , Zhengzhou and Chengdu areas where the general practitioner model was conducted earlier and set to be the representative one, were selected as the field survey sites. A thematic framework analysis was used to describe the key factors around the contacting service model. Results:This model was developed around the following key factors:using the general practice team as the main service provider, taking the patients with chronic diseases as the main contracting groups and extending to their family members with the number of contracted ranging around 1500~2000 , freely providing both essential public health and medical services, fully using the family physician room as the con-tracting service platform and highlighting the actively serving concept, building the financial and non-financial incen-tives, health insurance benefits and green transfer mechanisms in order to efficiently guarantee the contracting service development. Conclusions: Based on the information platform, the contracting service model in the sample sites played a great role in the appointment and referral services development as well as the self-health management among residents, improving the relationship between physicians and patients, and promoting the formation of orderly health service pursuing pattern.%目的::分析典型地区社区卫生服务机构签约服务模式进展,为社区首诊、有序转诊等分级诊疗体系的建立提供实践依据。方法:采取目的抽样,选取全科医生制度探索较早且具有代表性的北京市、上海市、郑州市、成都市共12家社区卫生服务中心进行现场调查。采用主题框

  16. Government Contract Law Textbook - 1982 Edition,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-01

    consideration, the doctrine of promissory estoppel was created. The Restatement of Contracts, Section 90, states, "A promise which the promisor should...benefit upon another, he may recover the reasonable value of it in quasi-contract if, as between the two persons involved, it is otherwise unjust for...services anyway, there will not be any recovery in quasi- contract. The theory upon which quasi-contract is based is that of unjust enrichment. Quasi

  17. Tolerance based contract-or-patch heuristic for the asymmetric TSP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldengorin, Boris; Jaeger, Gerold; Molitor, Paul; Erlebach, T

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we improve the quality of a recently suggested class of construction heuristics for the Asymmetric Traveling Salesman Problem (ATSP), namely the Contract-or-Patch heuristic. Our improvement is based on replacing the selection of each path to be contracted after deleting a heaviest arc

  18. 76 FR 42140 - Public Availability of the Merit Systems Protection Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    .../contact/contracting.htm . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Veronica Bullock, Merit Systems Protection...; telephone 202-254-4406; e- mail veronica.bullock@mspb.gov . William D. Spencer, Clerk of the Board....

  19. 76 FR 8402 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ...,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted... guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal...

  20. 76 FR 6177 - Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show... accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office...

  1. 76 FR 5364 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed..., 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's... the inventory at the following link:...

  2. 76 FR 4123 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  3. 77 FR 4821 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... made in FY 2011. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  4. Indexer Based Dynamic Web Services Discovery

    CERN Document Server

    Bashir, Saba; Javed, M Younus; Khan, Aihab; Khiyal, Malik Sikandar Hayat

    2010-01-01

    Recent advancement in web services plays an important role in business to business and business to consumer interaction. Discovery mechanism is not only used to find a suitable service but also provides collaboration between service providers and consumers by using standard protocols. A static web service discovery mechanism is not only time consuming but requires continuous human interaction. This paper proposed an efficient dynamic web services discovery mechanism that can locate relevant and updated web services from service registries and repositories with timestamp based on indexing value and categorization for faster and efficient discovery of service. The proposed prototype focuses on quality of service issues and introduces concept of local cache, categorization of services, indexing mechanism, CSP (Constraint Satisfaction Problem) solver, aging and usage of translator. Performance of proposed framework is evaluated by implementing the algorithm and correctness of our method is shown. The results of p...

  5. A Social Contract for University-Industry Collaboration: A Case of Project-Based Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vartiainen, Tero

    This study determines a social contract for a form of university-industry collaboration to a project-based learning environment in close collaboration with industry. The author's previous studies on moral conflicts in a project-based learning (PjBL) environment and his 5-year engagement in the PjBL environment are used as background knowledge, and John Rawls' veil of ignorance is used as a method in the contract formulation. Fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for with the contract which constitutes of sets of obligations for each party, students, clients, and university (instructors) in the chosen project course. With the contract fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for and the most dilemmatic moral conflicts are tried to be avoided. The forming of the social contract is evaluated, and implications for research and collaborations in practice are offered.

  6. Managing wind turbine reliability and maintenance via performance-based contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Tongdan; Ding, Yi; Guo, Huairui

    2012-01-01

    between system cost, reliability and spare parts stocking. This analytical insight into the system performance allows the turbine manufacturer to optimize design, production, and after-sales services. The study aims to create a theoretical basis to facilitate the transition of the maintenance paradigm...... firms who design and market wind turbines, and also provide maintenance and repair service. PBC differs from conventional service contracts in that the wind farmers compensate the service provider for the system performance, not the spare parts and repair labor. We explore the analytical relationship...

  7. Ontology Based Qos Driven Web Service Discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Suganyakala

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In today's scenario web services have become a grand vision to implement the business process functionalities. With increase in number of similar web services, one of the essential challenges is to discover relevant web service with regard to user specification. Relevancy of web service discovery can be improved by augmenting semantics through expressive formats like OWL. QoS based service selection will play a significant role in meeting the non-functional user requirements. Hence QoS and semantics has been used as finer search constraints to discover the most relevant service. In this paper, we describe a QoS framework for ontology based web service discovery. The QoS factors taken into consideration are execution time, response time, throughput, scalability, reputation, accessibility and availability. The behavior of each web service at various instances is observed over a period of time and their QoS based performance is analyzed.

  8. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for the operation and maintenance of liquid helium cryogenic plants

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for the operation and maintenance of liquid helium cryogenic plants. Following a market survey carried out among 54 firms in twelve Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2719/LHC) was sent on 18 August 2000 to two firms and four consortia, two consisting of two firms and two consisting of three firms, in five Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from one firm and three consortia, in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium AIR LIQUIDE (FR) - LINDE KRYOTECHNIK (CH) - SERCO (DE), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of four years from 17 July 2001 for a total amount of 19 804 400 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 16 July 2005. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial four-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudi...

  9. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for installation and removal of cables for CERN accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for installation and removal of cables for CERN accelerators. Following a market survey carried out among 128 firms in sixteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2760/ST) was sent on 2 June 2000 to eight firms and six consortia, four consisting of two firms, one consisting of three firms and one of four firms, in nine Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from one firm and six consortia, in nine Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium FABRICOM (BE) - AMSE (FR), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of three years from 1 July 2001 for a total amount of 18 000 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: PL-40%, FR-35%, BE-2...

  10. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for maintenance of fire and gas detection and evacuation alarm systems

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for maintenance of fire and gas detection and evacuation alarm systems. Following a market survey carried out among 48 firms in fourteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2818/ST) was sent on 15 December 2000 to four firms and three consortia, each consisting of two firms, in five Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from one firm and three consortia in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium SCHRACK SECONET (AT) - SOTEB (FR), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of three years from 1 October 2001 for an amount not exceeding 5 800 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: AT-50%, FR-50%.

  11. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for civil engineering superstructure and internal construction building work

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for civil engineering superstructure and internal construction building work. Following a market survey carried out among 112 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2546/ST/Rev.) was sent on 12 April 2001 to eleven consortia, four consisting of four firms, three consisting of three firms and four consisting of two firms, in seven Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from eight consortia in six Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium SPIE CITRA SUD-EST(FR)-ANTIRUST TECHNOLOGY (GR), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of three years from 1 January 2002 for an amount not exceeding 15 375 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this ...

  12. 48 CFR 52.222-43 - Fair Labor Standards Act and Service Contract Act-Price Adjustment (Multiple Year and Option...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair Labor Standards Act and Service Contract Act-Price Adjustment (Multiple Year and Option Contracts). 52.222-43 Section 52.222-43 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND...

  13. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  14. 78 FR 21969 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... extraordinary maintenance and replacement funded pursuant to Subtitle G of Public Law 111-11. 18. Pine Glen, LLC, Mancos Project, Colorado: Pine Glen LLC has requested ] a new carriage contract to replace existing... December 31, 2013. 42. Western Heart ID, Lower Heart Irrigation Company, and Individual Irrigators;...

  15. 77 FR 9620 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Management, Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY... organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency. The inventory has been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of...

  16. 77 FR 75766 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... DOL implementing regulations. For clarity, a definition of ``service employee'' was added, and the... the SCA. The definition of ``service employee'' at 41 U.S.C. 6701(3) provides, in part, that it ``does... construction equipment.'' The definition of ``service employee'' addresses this concept. Therefore, FAR...

  17. A multi-agent cell-based model for wound contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, W M; Koppenol, D C; Vermolen, F J

    2016-05-24

    A mathematical model for wound contraction is presented. The model is based on a cell-based formalism where fibroblasts, myofibroblasts and the immune reaction are taken into account. The model is used to simulate contraction of a wound using point forces on the cell boundary and it also determines the orientation of collagen after restoration of the damage. The paper presents the mathematical model in terms of the equations and assumptions, as well as some implications of the modelling. The present model predicts that the amount of final contraction is larger if the migration velocity of the leukocytes is larger and hence it is important that the immune system functions well to prevent contractures. Further, the present model is the first cell-based model that combines the immune system to final contractions.

  18. Database Aspects of Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard

    2004-01-01

    Adopting a data management perspective on location-based services, this chapter explores central challenges to data management posed by location-based services. Because service users typically travel in, and are constrained to, transportation infrastructures, such structures must be represented i...... plays an important role in the chapter's approach to data modeling. Thus, the chapter offers an overview of linear referencing concepts and describes the support for linear referencing in Oracle....

  19. Legal Attributes of Energy Services Contract in China%论我国节能服务合同的法律属性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小明; 刘建刚

    2012-01-01

    节能服务合同是合同能源管理实施中的基础性合同,节能服务公司在合同期限届满时应当无偿向用能单位移交项目设备及其所有权,因而对节能服务合同的属性存有争议。为此,必须厘清合同能源管理实施中所涉及的交易关系,分析合同能源管理运营中设备所有权的归属,确定节能服务合同为技术合同的属性,在我国现有法律体系框架范围内,有效地调整合同能源管理以及节能服务合同关系。%Energy service contract is a basic contract in the implementation process of energy performance contracting.Energy service companies shall transfer the project equipment and its ownership to the units for free before the expiration of the contract.So there is a dispute about the attributes of the contracts and people have a variety of views.Therefore,we must clarify the transactions,analyze the ownership of equipment during the implementation of energy performance contracting,make sure that energy service contract is a technical contract,and finally adjust the relations between energy performance contracting and energy service contract effectively in our existing legal system framework.

  20. Privacy-Preserving Location-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Chi Yin

    2010-01-01

    Location-based services (LBS for short) providers require users' current locations to answer their location-based queries, e.g., range and nearest-neighbor queries. Revealing personal location information to potentially untrusted service providers could create privacy risks for users. To this end, our objective is to design a privacy-preserving…

  1. 合同能源管理服务特性识别与分析%Identification and Analysis on Characteristic of Energy Performance Contracting Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李可伟; 邓秋玮; 郑深; 谢修平; 李云

    2014-01-01

    围绕国家政策、市场及相关方关注对于合同能源管理服务发展及服务质量评价的需求,基于服务、生产性服务概念及特性有关研究基础,剖析了合同能源管理服务的概念和特点,对合同能源管理服务作为一般服务及生产性服务的特性进行了深入识别和分析。研究结果能够为合同能源管理服务质量评价及服务认证等相关合格评定工作,包括有关评价指标的选取、评价模型的设计构建、评价方法及认证模式选择等研究提供借鉴和参考。%Centering the requirements of national policy, market and stakeholders' attention to the development and quality evaluation of energy performance contracting (EPC) services, and based on the relevant research on services and concepts and characteristics of productive service, the paper analyzes the concept and characteristics of the EPC services, and deeply identifies and analyzes the characteristics of EPC as a general service and productive service. The results provides references to the related quality evaluation and service certification of EPC services and other related conformity assessment work, including the selection of evaluation indicators, design of evaluation model, selection of evaluation methodology and certification mode, etc.

  2. Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of cooling water treatment services

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for cabling and minor mechanical work on components of CERN accelerators and experiments. Following a market survey carried out among 62 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-3214/EST/A) was sent on 1 August 2003 to three firms and two consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received four tenders from four consortia in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium AMEC SPIE (FR) - CEGELEC (FR) - AMEC SPIE (NL), the lowest bidder, for cabling and minor mechanical work on components of CERN accelerators and experiments for a total amount not exceeding 1 040 968 euros (1 608 915 Swiss francs), covering an initial period of three years starting on 1 January 2004, not subject to revision. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium ...

  3. A New Availability-Payment Model for Pricing Performance-Based Logistics Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-17

    complex and it is unclear how to optimally apply PBL contract mechanisms. For example, a recent study of PBL effectiveness ( Boyce and Banghart...level (called system- level by Boyce and Banghart) PBL 6 out of 12 contracts resulted in either cost increases or indeterminable cost changes...School of Business & Public Policy - 16 - Naval Postgraduate School References Boyce , J., and Banghart, A. (2012). Performance based logistics and

  4. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management... Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form...

  5. A Qualitative Assessment Project Comparing and Contracting Faculty and Administrators' Perspectives on Service-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Marshall; Liese, Lawrence H.; Bergerson, Amy

    2004-01-01

    More than 130 service-learning courses have been developed and taught at the University of Utah, a major Research I university, over the last ten years. A series of focus groups were conducted to identify salient factors related to faculty and administrators' perspectives of the advantages and challenges associated with service-learning. The study…

  6. When do they care to share? : How manufacturers make contracted service partners share knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, J.; Schepers, J.; van Weele, A.; van der Valk, W.

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing firms that outsource customer-facing services, risk losing touch with their customers and thereby forfeit valuable market and customer-related knowledge. To maintain informed and competitive, the manufacturer's customer-facing service partners should engage in knowledge sharing and tra

  7. A DIC Based Technique to Measure the Contraction of a Skeletal Muscle Engineered Tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Rizzuto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary science based on the application of engineering approaches to biologic tissue formation. Engineered tissue internal organization represents a key aspect to increase biofunctionality before transplant and, as regarding skeletal muscles, the potential of generating contractile forces is dependent on the internal fiber organization and is reflected by some macroscopic parameters, such as the spontaneous contraction. Here we propose the application of digital image correlation (DIC as an independent tool for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of engineered muscle tissue spontaneous contraction. To validate the proposed technique we referred to the X-MET, a promising 3-dimensional model of skeletal muscle. The images acquired through a high speed camera were correlated with a custom-made algorithm and the longitudinal strain predictions were employed for measuring the spontaneous contraction. The spontaneous contraction reference values were obtained by studying the force response. The relative error between the spontaneous contraction frequencies computed in both ways was always lower than 0.15%. In conclusion, the use of a DIC based system allows for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of biological tissues’ spontaneous contraction, in addition to the measurement of tissue strain field on any desired region of interest during electrical stimulation.

  8. Framing the decision to contract out elderly care and primary health care services – perspectives of local level politicians and civil servants in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tynkkynen Liina-Kaisa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the literature there are only few empirical studies that analyse the decision makers’ reasoning to contract out health care and social services to private sector. However, the decisions on the delivery patterns of health care and social services are considered to be of great importance as they have a potential to influence citizens’ access to services and even affect their health. This study contributes to filling this cap by exploring the frames used by Finnish local authorities as they talk about contracting out of primary health care and elderly care services. Contracting with the private sector has gained increasing popularity, in Finland, during the past decade, as a practise of organising health care and social services. Methods Interview data drawn from six municipalities through thematic group interviews were used. The data were analysed applying frame analysis in order to reveal the underlying reasoning for the decisions. Results Five argumentation frames were found: Rational reasoning; Pragmatic realism; Promoting diversity among providers; Good for the municipality; Good for the local people. The interviewees saw contracting with the private sector mostly as a means to improve the performance of public providers, to improve service quality and efficiency and to boost the local economy. The decisions to contract out were mainly argued through the good for the municipal administration, political and ideological commitments, available resources and existing institutions. Conclusions This study suggests that the policy makers use a number of grounds to justify their decisions on contracting out. Most of the arguments were related to the benefits of the municipality rather than on what is best for the local people. The citizens were offered the role of active consumers who are willing to purchase services also out-of-pocket. This development has a potential to endanger the affordability of the services and lead

  9. 76 FR 7782 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... request for the admission of specified facts and/or of the authenticity of any documents, to be answered or objected to within 45 days after service; the factual statements and/or the authenticity of...

  10. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  11. Federal Research and Development Contract Trends and the Supporting Industrial Base, 2000-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 326 - Panel 10. Assessing Industrial Base Implications of a Constrained Fiscal Climate Wednesday, May 4, 2016 3:30...Budget Control Act on High Risk Sectors and Tiers of the Defense Industrial Base: Assessment Approach to Industrial Base Risks Lirio Avilés, Engineer...been fears that the sharp downturn in federal contract obligations would disproportionately impact the R&D contracting portfolios within individual

  12. Testing the limits of freedom of contract: the commercialization of reproductive materials and services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trebilcock, M; Martin, M; Lawson, A; Lewis, P

    1994-01-01

    This article examines the cases for and against commercializing, or "commodifying," reproductive materials and services. Using a supply/demand third-party framework, three basic scenarios in which commercial-exchange relationships may be possible--exchange of gametes and zygotes, exchange of gestational services, and exchange of fetal material--and the major parties of interest, or stakeholders, are identified. The study sketches the liberal, essentialist, and radical contingency theories that shape the debate over the commercialization of reproductive materials and services. The article then attempts to derive some basic governing principles that reflect as much common ground as possible amongst these various normative perspectives, while recognizing that complete reconciliation is impossible. Taken together, these principles are designed to reflect a strategy of "constrained commodification," where commercialization or commodification, that is, financial remuneration, plays a relatively neutral role in the utilization of reproductive materials and services. In light of these principles, the article concludes by sketching legal and regulatory regimes with respect to the exchange of gametes and zygotes, gestational services, and fetal tissue.

  13. Contracts payments for ecosystem services: the case of bio-pospecting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    We examine the economics of royalties in bioprospecting contracts between a pharmaceutical and genetic resource supplier (local), with an eye to understanding the relative advantages of indexing royalty payments to gross revenue or net revenue. We show a risk-averse firm facing only production or only cost risks will index royalties to net revenue. When facing both types of risk, the choice of royalty type depends on the relative magnitudes of the production and cost risk. In each case, the risk-averse firm chooses the royalty type that shifts as much risk as possible to the local. When the local is risk neutral, the pharmaceutical's and local's preferences are compatible. If the local is risk averse and there is only one type of risk, it will prefer a gross revenue royalty, and shift as much risk as possible to the firm: here the local and firm preferences are compatible only if the firm is risk-neutral, Lastly, we show if the firm sets the terms of the contract, and both agents are risk averse, the firm will not likely volunteer to implement the socially optimal royalty arrangement as it prefers to shift as much risk to the local, who now also prefers a more certain return. This last outcome is at the heart of the benefit sharing discussion and suggests if risk sharing and equity are a concern in benefit sharing, then the choice of royalty type can be an important part of negotiations between pharmaceuticals and locals for the phytochemical from nature for new drug discovery.

  14. Book-Smart, Not Street-Smart: Blockchain-Based Smart Contracts and The Social Workings of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen E. C. Levy

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper critiques blockchain-based “smart contracts,” which aim to automatically and securely execute obligations without reliance on a centralized enforcement authority. Though smart contracts do have some features that might serve the goals of social justice and fairness, I suggest that they are based on a thin conception of what law does, and how it does it. Smart contracts focus on the technical form of contract to the exclusion of the social contexts within which contracts operate, and the complex ways in which people use them. In the real world, contractual obligations are enforced through all kinds of social mechanisms other than formal adjudication—and contracts serve many functions that are not explicitly legal in nature, or even designed to be formally enforced. I describe three categories of contracting practices in which people engage (the inclusion of facially unenforceable terms, the inclusion of purposefully underspecified terms, and willful nonenforcement of enforceable terms to illustrate how contracts actually “work.” The technology of smart contracts neglects the fact that people use contracts as social resources to manage their relations. The inflexibility that they introduce, by design, might short-circuit a number of social uses to which law is routinely put. Therefore, I suggest that attention to the social and relational contexts of contracting are essential considerations for the discussion, development, and deployment of smart contracts.

  15. Forest owners' willingness to accept contracts for ecosystem service provision is sensitive to additionality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Suzanne Elizabeth; Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl; Thorsen, Bo Jellesmark

    2015-01-01

    A key prerequisite to ensure that payment for ecosystem services is effective is that the management measures landowners are paid to undertake are in fact additional to the status quo and hence bring about a change in provision. We investigated Danish forest owners' preferences for conditional...

  16. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with bo

  17. Supply Chain Contracting for After-sales Service and Product Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Li (Dong)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Over the past decades, business model innovation in product and its service has been growing rapidly, especially for durable goods. Companies shift their strategies from selling physical products to delivering solutions and performance for customers. Within this context, th

  18. Dentinal shear bond strength, microleakage, and contraction gap of visible light-polymerized liners/bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, R L; Barkmeier, W W

    1991-06-01

    The bond strength and microleakage patterns of three light-curing glass-ionomer cement liners/bases (Vitrebond, XR Ionomer, and Zionomer) were evaluated and compared to a fluoride-releasing resin (TimeLine) designed for the same use. Bond strength tests were performed at 24 hours and 7 days. At 24 hours Vitrebond, Time-Line, and Zionomer had statistically significantly greater bond strengths than XR Ionomer. At 7 days, Vitrebond had a statistically significantly stronger bond than the others. Microleakage was evaluated after 24 hours of thermocycling. Vitrebond and XR Ionomer had statistically significantly less leakage than the others, while TimeLine had significantly more leakage than the others. Polymerization contraction gaps between the liners/bases and dentin were examined with scanning electron microscopy. Contraction gaps were approximately 10 microns with Vitrebond and XR Ionomer and 5 microns with TimeLine. A contraction gap generally was not observed with Zionomer.

  19. 环境服务行政合同的法律保障机制初探%Study on the Legal Mechanism of Environmental Servicing Government Contracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇庆

    2013-01-01

    专业的市场主体以合同的方式向企业、政府、公众提供污染防治、应急准备与响应、生态修复等环境服务并收取相应的费用.环境服务合同分为民事合同与行政合同两大类型.以环境服务行政合同解决环境问题的弊端是:合同内容不明确、监管缺乏标准及经验等.保障环境服务行政合同发展的法律和政策建议主要有:通过物权手段吸引经营者投资环境服务市场,通过实施示范工程和制订示范合同逐步规范市场的发展,另外还要制订环境服务竞争市场监管制度与政策.%Professional market subjects provide environmental services to enterprises, government, and the public by means of contracts, the scope covers pollution prevention and treatment, emergency preparedness and response, ecological rehabilitation, etc. Environmental servicing contracts include civil contracts and government contracts. The ambiguity of the particulars of the contracts and the lacking of supervision criterion and experiences are problems of the environmental government contracts. There are some suggestions to promote the development of providing environmental servicing by government contracts: entitling the investors property rights to enter this market, implementing demonstration projects, making model contracts and laying down monitoring regulation for this market are steps to standardize the market.

  20. Analysis of Maintenance Service Contracts for Dump Trucks Used in Mining Industry with Simulation Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dymasius, A.; Wangsaputra, R.; Iskandar, B. P.

    2016-02-01

    A mining company needs high availability of dump trucks used to haul mining materials. As a result, an effective maintenance action is required to keep the dump trucks in a good condition and hence reducing failure and downtime of the dump trucks. To carry out maintenance in-house requires a high intensive maintenance facility and high skilled maintenance specialists. Often, outsourcing maintenance is an economic option for the company. An external agent takes a proactive action with offering some maintenance contract options to the owner. The decision problem for the owner is to decide the best option and for the agent is to determine the optimal price for each option offered. A non-cooperative game-theory is used to formulate the decision problems for the owner and the agent. We consider that failure pattern of each truck follows a non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) and a queueing theory with multiple servers is used to estimate the downtime. As it involves high complexity to model downtime using a queueing theory, then in this paper we use a simulation method. Furthermore, we conduct experiment to seek for the best number of maintenance facilities (servers) which minimises maintenance and penalty costs incurred to the agent.

  1. Contracting out Support Services in Future Expeditionary Operations: Learning from the Afghan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Kinsey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As with the US led Coalition war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan has seen an unprecedented number of private contractors being utilised in support of military operations in the country. In the case of the United States government for example, over half of its personnel in Afghanistan and Iraq are contract employees, while the same figure in the UK stands at 30 per cent and is set to increase in the coming years. This level of contractor involvement in the ‘War on Terror’ is not inconsequential. Indeed, their contribution to military operations is so large they are now able to influence NATO’s counter-insurgency operations and thus its overall strategy for fighting the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Importantly, such involvement can be both beneficial and/or detrimental. This article first sets out to explore how NATO came to rely on so many contractors in Afghanistan and the risks this involves for the ‘War on Terror’.

  2. Rule-Based Network Service Provisioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Deca

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the unprecedented development of networks, manual network service provisioning is becoming increasingly risky, error-prone, expensive, and time-consuming. To solve this problem,rule-based methods can provide adequate leverage for automating various network management tasks. This paper presents a rule-based solution for automated network service provisioning. The proposed approach captures configuration data interdependencies using high-level, service-specific, user-configurable rules. We focus on the service validation task, which is illustrated by means of a case study.Based on numerical results, we analyse the influence of the network-level complexity factors and rule descriptive features on the rule efficiency. This analysis shows the operators how to increase rule efficiency while keeping the rules simple and the rule set compact. We present a technique that allows operators to increase the error coverage, and we show that high error coverage scales well when the complexity of networks and services increases.We reassess the correlation function between specific rule efficiency and rule complexity metrics found in previous work, and show that this correlation function holds for various sizes, types, and complexities of networks and services.

  3. Fostering incremental and radical innovation through performance-based contracting in buyer-supplier relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumo, Regien; van der Valk, Wendy; Bode, Christoph; van Weele, A.J.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose While anecdotal evidence suggests that performance-based contracts (PBCs) may foster innovation in buyer-supplier relationships, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is limited to date. This study draws on transaction cost economics and agency theory to develop a theoretical model

  4. A new algorithm for EEG source reconstruction based on LORETA by contracting the source region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new method is presented for EEG source reconstruction based on multichannel surface EEG recordings. From the low-resolution tomography obtained by the low resolution electromagnetic tomography algorithm (LORETA), this method acquires the source tomography, which has high-resolution by contracting the source region. In contrast to focal underdetermined system solver (FOCUSS), this method can gain more accurate result under certain circumstances.

  5. Performance-based contracting in home-care work in The Netherlands : Professionalism under pressure?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomkens, Rosanne; Hoogenboom, Marcel; Knijn, Trudie

    2016-01-01

    Our aim was to improve the understanding of the relationships between performance-based contracting, management supportiveness and professionalism in home care. Using path analysis, this article explores the relationships between home-care workers' perceptions of management support, implementation o

  6. A New ’Availability-Payment’ Model for Pricing Performance-Based Logistics Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-30

    effectiveness ( Boyce & Banghart, 2012), reported on the cost of 21 PBL ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 242...contracts where in 9 out of 9 component and subsystem-level PBL contracts the cost decreased, but for platform-level (called system-level by Boyce and...availability is measured for contract assessment purposes. References Boyce , J., & Banghart, A. (2012). Performance based logistics and project proof

  7. Actualization Contract of Environmental Services Policy in China%我国实施合同环境服务政策的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹凤中; 张辉; 李京

    2012-01-01

    The paper introduces the basic situation ot implementation of voluntary environmental agreement oversea and experiences of implement voluntary energy contract management in our country, discusses the inevitability to actualize the contract of environmental services policy in China, and points out that policy research and design is the key to carry out the contract environment service policy, increasing finance supporting strength is the basis of implementation of contract environment service policy, establishment of contract environment service policy operating mechanism and making function of government departments and Industry association are the guarantee of implementation of environmental policy contract service.%首先介绍了国外实施自愿性环境协议的基本情况与我国实施自愿性能源合同管理的主要经验。在此基础上.论述了我国实施合同环境服务政策的必然性。提出:进行合同环境服务政策的政策研究与设计是实施合同环境服务政策的关键;加大财政支持力度是实施合同环境服务政策的基础;建立合同环境服务政策的运行机制,有关部门与行业协会的作用,是实施合同环境服务政策的保证。

  8. Managing the financial risk of low water levels in Great Lakes with index-based contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, E.; Characklis, G. W.; Brown, C. M.; Moody, P.

    2014-12-01

    Low water levels in the Great Lakes have recently had significant financial impacts on the region's commercial shipping, responsible for transporting millions of dollars' worth of bulk goods each year. Low lake levels can significantly affect shipping firms, as cargo capacity is a function of draft, or the distance between water level and the ship's bottom. Draft increases with weight, and lower lake levels force ships to reduce cargo to prevent running aground in shallow harbors, directly impacting the finances of shipping companies. Risk transfer instruments may provide adaptable, yet unexplored, alternatives for managing these financial risks, at significantly less expense than more traditional solutions (e.g., dredging). Index-based financial instruments can be particularly attractive as contract payouts are directly linked to well-defined transparent metrics (e.g., lake levels), eliminating the need for subjective adjustors, as well as concerns over moral hazard. In developing such instruments, a major challenge is identifying an index that is well correlated with financial losses, and thus a contract that reliably pays out when losses are experienced (low basis risk). In this work, a relationship between lake levels and shipping revenues is developed, and actuarial analyses of the frequency and magnitude of revenue losses is completed using this relationship and synthetic water level data. This analysis is used to develop several types of index-based contracts. A standardized suite of binary contracts is developed, with each indexed to lake levels and priced according to predefined thresholds. These are combined to form portfolios with different objectives (e.g. options, collars), with optimal portfolio structure and length of coverage determined by limiting basis risk and contract cost, using simulations over the historic dataset. Results suggest that portfolios of these binary contracts can substantially reduce the risk of financial losses during periods of

  9. Coordination of Revenue Sharing Contract in Service Supply Chains with Incentive Mechanism%激励机制下服务供应链的收益分享契约协调性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞海宏; 刘南

    2011-01-01

    As the comprehensive service provider operational modes such as the fourth party logistics, financial service package experts and so on rise, the operation optimization problem of the service supply chain attracts great concern. Based on revenue sharing contract trading environment, this paper constructs a pure service two-echelon structure and analyses the service supply chain's incentive mechanism and coordination mechanism, Based on the analysis, this paper claims that in order to optimize the it's benefits service supply chain calls for the service provider to implement incentive mechanism on service supplier; and service supply chains based on revenue sharing contract can also realize coordination, and has good flexibility of the profit distribution.%随着第四方物流、一揽子金融服务专家等综合服务提供商运作模式的兴起,服务供应链的运作优化问题备受关注.本文基于收益分享契约的交易环境,构建了一个纯服务的两级供应链结构,分析了服务供应链的激励机制和协调机制.分析得出,服务供应链为了实现效益最优化,需要综合服务提供商向专业服务供应商实施努力激励;收益分享契约下含有激励机制的服务供应链能够实现协调,而且拥有良好的利润分配柔性.

  10. Soft governance, restratification and the 2004 general medical services contract: the case of UK primary care organisations and general practice teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Suzanne; Ring, Adele; Gabbay, Mark; Guthrie, Bruce; McLean, Gary; Mair, Frances S; Watt, Graham; Heaney, David; O'Donnell, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    In the UK National Health Service, primary care organisation (PCO) managers have traditionally relied on the soft leadership of general practitioners based on professional self-regulation rather than direct managerial control. The 2004 general medical services contract (nGMS) represented a significant break from this arrangement by introducing new performance management mechanisms for PCO managers to measure and improve general practice work. This article examines the impact of nGMS on the governance of UK general practice by PCO managers through a qualitative analysis of data from an empirical study in four UK PCOs and eight general practices, drawing on Hood's four-part governance framework. Two hybrids emerged: (i) PCO managers emphasised a hybrid of oversight, competition (comptrol) and peer-based mutuality by granting increased support, guidance and autonomy to compliant practices; and (ii) practices emphasised a broad acceptance of increased PCO oversight of clinical work that incorporated a restratified elite of general practice clinical peers at both PCO and practice levels. Given the increased international focus on the quality, safety and efficiency in primary care, a key issue for PCOs and practices will be to achieve an effective, contextually appropriate balance between the counterposing governance mechanisms of peer-led mutuality and externally led comptrol.

  11. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  12. 78 FR 27256 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... of Reclamation, 1150 North Curtis Road, Suite 100, Boise, Idaho 83706-1234, telephone 208-378-5344... contract(s) in Horsetooth Reservoir. 45. Helena Valley ID; Valley Unit, P-SMBP; Montana: Proposed...

  13. Advanced location-based technologies and services

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Hassan A

    2013-01-01

    Due to the rapid increase in the number of mobile device users worldwide, location-based services (LBSs) have become pervasive, and the demand for them will continue to grow. Exploring recent changes in the technology and its uses, Advanced Location-Based Technologies and Services takes an in-depth look at new and existing technologies, techniques, applications, and opportunities. Under the editorial guidance of Hassan Karimi, with contributions from experts in the field, the book examines the breadth and depth of advanced LBS technologies and techniques. The book provides up-to-date informati

  14. Study on dynamic services composition of web services based on BPEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jinyue; Huang, Fei; Zhang, Gongxuan

    2013-12-01

    From the core concepts of SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) ——"Service" starting the service composition is discussed in detail, from the service relationships network modeling, services dynamic composition approach based on Business Process Execution Language BPEL (Business Process Execution Language) is proposed in this paper, meanwhile two concepts of service agent and service quality are described, which achieve the service process dynamic execution.

  15. On reasonable identification of service charge of general contract%谈总承包服务费的合理确定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘鸽; 王灵光

    2012-01-01

    Combining with the factual engineering programs, the paper indicates the possible problems of the service charge of the general contract in the calculation process, analyzes the masons for the problems, and points out the two parities of the contract should adopt strategies in calculating the service charge of the general contract, so as to direct the cost management works.%结合实际工程项目,论述了总承包服务费在计取过程中可能发生的问题,并对其原因进行了分析,提出了承发包双方在计取总承包服务费时应采取的对策,以期指导造价管理工作。

  16. The Effects of Temporary Services and Contracting Out on Low-Skilled Workers: Evidence from Auto Suppliers, Hospitals, and Public Schools. Staff Working Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickcek, George; Houseman, Susan; Kalleberg, Arne

    A study examined why employers use temporary agency and contract company workers and implications of these practices for wages, benefits, and working conditions of workers in low-skilled labor markets. Case studies in manufacturing (automotive supply), services (hospitals), and public sector (primary and secondary schools) industries defined the…

  17. 48 CFR Appendix D to Chapter 7 - Direct USAID Contracts With a U.S. Citizen or a U.S. Resident Alien for Personal Services Abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...—Employment and Promotion or superseding ADS Chapters. (4) Interagency agreements (e.g., PASAs and RSSAs... Contract is based on technical qualifications, not price, and since the SF 171, “Personal...

  18. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  19. Towards Web Service-Based Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Demetrios G.

    2005-01-01

    The need for designing the next generation of web service-based educational systems with the ability of integrating components from different tools and platforms is now recognised as the major challenge in advanced learning technologies. In this paper, we discuss this issue and we present the conceptual design of such environment, referred to as…

  20. Location-Based Services in Vehicular Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Di

    2013-01-01

    Location-based services have been identified as a promising communication paradigm in highly mobile and dynamic vehicular networks. However, existing mobile ad hoc networking cannot be directly applied to vehicular networking due to differences in traffic conditions, mobility models and network topologies. On the other hand, hybrid architectures…

  1. A library-based bioinformatics services program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarfitz, S; Ketchell, D S

    2000-01-01

    Support for molecular biology researchers has been limited to traditional library resources and services in most academic health sciences libraries. The University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries have been providing specialized services to this user community since 1995. The library recruited a Ph.D. biologist to assess the molecular biological information needs of researchers and design strategies to enhance library resources and services. A survey of laboratory research groups identified areas of greatest need and led to the development of a three-pronged program: consultation, education, and resource development. Outcomes of this program include bioinformatics consultation services, library-based and graduate level courses, networking of sequence analysis tools, and a biological research Web site. Bioinformatics clients are drawn from diverse departments and include clinical researchers in need of tools that are not readily available outside of basic sciences laboratories. Evaluation and usage statistics indicate that researchers, regardless of departmental affiliation or position, require support to access molecular biology and genetics resources. Centralizing such services in the library is a natural synergy of interests and enhances the provision of traditional library resources. Successful implementation of a library-based bioinformatics program requires both subject-specific and library and information technology expertise.

  2. A library-based bioinformatics services program*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarfitz, Stuart; Ketchell, Debra S.

    2000-01-01

    Support for molecular biology researchers has been limited to traditional library resources and services in most academic health sciences libraries. The University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries have been providing specialized services to this user community since 1995. The library recruited a Ph.D. biologist to assess the molecular biological information needs of researchers and design strategies to enhance library resources and services. A survey of laboratory research groups identified areas of greatest need and led to the development of a three-pronged program: consultation, education, and resource development. Outcomes of this program include bioinformatics consultation services, library-based and graduate level courses, networking of sequence analysis tools, and a biological research Web site. Bioinformatics clients are drawn from diverse departments and include clinical researchers in need of tools that are not readily available outside of basic sciences laboratories. Evaluation and usage statistics indicate that researchers, regardless of departmental affiliation or position, require support to access molecular biology and genetics resources. Centralizing such services in the library is a natural synergy of interests and enhances the provision of traditional library resources. Successful implementation of a library-based bioinformatics program requires both subject-specific and library and information technology expertise. PMID:10658962

  3. 48 CFR 1852.216-76 - Award Fee for service contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... will advise the Contractor in writing of the evaluation results. The will make payment based on . (d... award fee earned by the contractor during the period. The Contractor may submit a self-evaluation of performance for each evaluation period under consideration. These self-evaluations will be considered by...

  4. 48 CFR 52.222-41 - Service Contract Act of 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... be maintained between job classifications based on the skill required and the duties performed. (B... fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity, as these terms are defined in part 541 of... level of skill comparison) between such unlisted classifications and the classifications listed in...

  5. Evaluation Method of Power Recived Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tani, Shigeyuki; Nakagawa, Tadasuke; Akatsu, Masaharu; Komoda, Norihisa

    The electric power liberalization will expand. The method of judging the service selection is requested by customers. The method of comparing each energy unit price based on the average demanded is general. However, there are risks in customer's energy demand in the future. In the supply contract, there is freedom of contract changes according to demand changes. By this contract changes customers can avoid the risks. In this paper, we think that there was value in contract changes and we proposed the new method for analyzing the economy of this value.

  6. Internet protocol-based emergency services

    CERN Document Server

    Schulzrinne, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Written by international experts in the field, this book covers the standards, architecture and deployment issues related to IP-based emergency services This book brings together contributions from experts on technical and operational aspects within the international standardisation and regulatory processes relating to routing and handling of IP-based emergency calls.  Readers will learn how these standards work, how various standardization organizations contributed to them and about pilot projects, early deployment and current regulatory situation. Key Featur

  7. In-house servicing of microprocessor-based and digital patient care equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Zvi, S; Casaregola, D; Weissenberg, G

    1985-01-01

    Servicing of microprocessor-based and digital patient care instrumentation presents a special challenge to the in-house clinical engineering program. The complexity of this instrumentation, the cost of test equipment and support materials, and continuing education needs are pressing concerns. Servicing methods available to clinical engineering include the use of manufacturer diagnostics and board or subassembly swapping. Test equipment, such as digital oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, signature analyzers, and logic probes, can also be used during repair, even to the component level. In some instances, clinical engineering may choose alternative service arrangements, such as fee-for-service, service contracts, or maintenance insurance. Clinical engineering must objectively evaluate its resources and the level of technical expertise within the department; a realistic maintenance program for microprocessor-based and digital patient care equipment can thus be developed and can result in significant cost savings.

  8. ADMINISTRATIVE CONTRACTS. DELIMITATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Teodora PASCARIU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Article examines whether all contracts of public persons are administrative contracts; in other words, if the administration may conclude contracts that, according to their legal nature, are not administrative. If we start from the definition of administrative contracts as it appears in Law no. 554/2004, these include contracts by public authorities which concern the enhancement of public property execution of works of public interest, public services, public procurement and other administrative contracts provided by special laws and subject to the jurisdiction of the administrative courts.

  9. Influence Factor Analysis of Transaction Cost of Energy Service Contract%能源服务合同交易成本的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 章蓓蓓; 黄有亮

    2011-01-01

    Analyzes the influence factors of transaction costs of energy services contract,including asset specificity,complexity of project,degree of competition in energy services market and the institutional environment,points out the relationship between transaction costs and the various influence factors,puts forward the transaction costs of en-ergy service contract can be reduced by adjusting the factors influence.%分析能源服务合同交易成本的影响因素,包括资产专用性、项目复杂性、能源服务市场的竞争程度及制度环境的建设,并指出各种影响因素与交易成本的关系,提出可以通过对影响因素的改良来降低能源服务合同的交易成本。

  10. From Orchestration to Choreography through Contract Automata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Basile

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available We study the relations between a contract automata and an interaction model. In the former model, distributed services are abstracted away as automata - oblivious of their partners - that coordinate with each other through an orchestrator. The interaction model relies on channel-based asynchronous communication and choreography to coordinate distributed services. We define a notion of strong agreement on the contract model, exhibit a natural mapping from the contract model to the interaction model, and give conditions to ensure that strong agreement corresponds to well-formed choreography.

  11. Proposal for the award of two contracts for the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN Site

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of two contracts for the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of two contracts with: 1. ACROTECNA (FR), the lowest bidder, for approximately 55% of the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site, for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 794 200 euros (1 239 006 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. 2. TECNICAS AERONAUTICAS MADRID (ES), the joint lowest bidder after alignment, for approximately 45% of the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site, for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 1 013 730 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond...

  12. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, T.

    2000-03-01

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas.

  13. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this p......Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter...

  14. 政府公共服务委托外包的风险及其规制%Legal control of risk of contracting out government services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑旭辉

    2013-01-01

      作为政府履行公共职能的创新机制,公共服务委托外包在公共治理领域越来越普及。委托外包有助于解决政府财政困难、促进国家行政运行效率和公私合作,提高公共服务质量等功能。但委托外包过程中也会出现公私利益冲突、私人垄断、机会主义、权力寻租和管制俘获等问题。政府应采取明确民营化的界限、明确受委托人的资质标准、发挥法律的程序控制功能和加强政府的监管责任等多重手段对公共服务委托外包的过程进行规范。%As an innovative mechanism to fulfill public functions, contracting out government services becomes increasingly popular in the field of public management. Contracting out government services can solve financial difficulties of government and promote administrative efficiency, public–private partnership and quality of public services. However, contracting out government services can also lead to interests conflict of public–private, private monopoly, opportunism, rent-seeking and regulatory capture. The Government should take some measures such as defining of boundaries of privatization of government services and qualification standards of the entrustee, exerting control of legal procedures and strengthening government’s responsibilities to regulate contracting out government services.

  15. Independence, Security, and the intergenerational social contract: home-helper services and elder care in rural Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traphagan, John W

    2003-01-01

    For several years, demographic trends and changing ideas about responsibilities for elder care in Japan have contributed to the desire, or need, for families to seek out new care approaches. This article focuses on one alternative to traditional approaches to caring for elder family members--the home-helper program that is available through the Japanese long-term care insurance program. Using ethnographic data collected in northern Japan, it will be argued that the home-helper program forms a compensatory elder care system that is intended to augment family-provided care and social support, rather than to promote independent living. This compensatory approach to elder care is based upon an intergenerational social contract in which it is assumed that some degree of dependence on family members is both an expected and preferred outcome of growing old.

  16. On Web Services Based Cloud Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reeta Sony A.L

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Computing is a paradigm shift in the field of Computing. It is moving at an incredible fast pace and one of the fastest evolving domains of computer science today. It consist set of technology and service models that concentrates on the internet base use and delivery of IT applications, processing capability, storage and memory space. There is a shift from the traditional in-house servers and applications to the next generation of cloud computing applications. With many of the computer giants like Google, Microsoft, etc. entering into the cloud computing arena, there will be thousands of applications running on the cloud. There are several cloud environments available in the market today which support a huge consumer-base. Eventually this will lead to a multitude of standards, technologies and products being provided on the cloud. Consumers will need certain degrees of flexibility to use the cloud application/services of their choice and at the same time will need these applications/services to communicate with each other. This paper emphasizes cloud computing and provides a solution to achieve Interoperability, which is in the form of Web Services. The paper will also provide a Live Case Study where interoperability comes into play - Connecting Google App Engine and Microsoft Windows Azure Platform, two of the leading Cloud Platforms available today. GAE and WAP are two Cloud Frameworks which have very little in common, making interoperability an absolute necessary.

  17. Life cycle cost-based risk model for energy performance contracting retrofits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghorn, George H.

    Buildings account for 41% of the primary energy consumption in the United States, nearly half of which is accounted for by commercial buildings. Among the greatest energy users are those in the municipalities, universities, schools, and hospitals (MUSH) market. Correctional facilities are in the upper half of all commercial building types for energy intensity. Public agencies have experienced reduced capital budgets to fund retrofits; this has led to the increased use of energy performance contracts (EPC), which are implemented by energy services companies (ESCOs). These companies guarantee a minimum amount of energy savings resulting from the retrofit activities, which in essence transfers performance risk from the owner to the contractor. Building retrofits in the MUSH market, especially correctional facilities, are well-suited to EPC, yet despite this potential and their high energy intensities, efficiency improvements lag behind that of other public building types. Complexities in project execution, lack of support for data requests and sub-metering, and conflicting project objectives have been cited as reasons for this lag effect. As a result, project-level risks must be understood in order to support wider adoption of retrofits in the public market, in particular the correctional facility sub-market. The goal of this research is to understand risks related to the execution of energy efficiency retrofits delivered via EPC in the MUSH market. To achieve this goal, in-depth analysis and improved understanding was sought with regard to ESCO risks that are unique to EPC in this market. The proposed work contributes to this understanding by developing a life cycle cost-based risk model to improve project decision making with regard to risk control and reduction. The specific objectives of the research are: (1) to perform an exploratory analysis of the EPC retrofit process and identify key areas of performance risk requiring in-depth analysis; (2) to construct a

  18. Rule-based semantic web services matching strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Hong; Wang, Zhihua

    2011-12-01

    With the development of Web services technology, the number of service increases rapidly, and it becomes a challenge task that how to efficiently discovery the services that exactly match the user's requirements from the large scale of services library. Many semantic Web services discovery technologies proposed by the recent literatures only focus on the keyword-based or primary semantic based service's matching. This paper studies the rules and rule reasoning based service matching algorithm in the background of large scale services library. Firstly, the formal descriptions of semantic web services and service matching is presented. The services' matching are divided into four levels: Exact, Plugin, Subsume and Fail and their formal descriptions are also presented. Then, the service matching is regarded as rule-based reasoning issues. A set of match rules are firstly given and the related services set is retrieved from services ontology base through rule-based reasoning, and their matching levels are determined by distinguishing the relationships between service's I/O and user's request I/O. Finally, the experiment based on two services sets show that the proposed services matching strategy can easily implement the smart service discovery and obtains the high service discovery efficiency in comparison with the traditional global traversal strategy.

  19. Coordination contract of service supply chain considering fairness concerns%考虑公平关切的服务供应链协调契约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳键; 舒斯亮

    2015-01-01

    针对服务集成商公平关切行为,建立了服务提供商和服务集成商的博弈模型,分析论证了批发价契约无法实现服务供应链协调的问题,探讨了“成本共担+收入共享”组合式契约协调的有效性。研究结果表明,成本共担契约和收入共享契约都无法实现服务供应链的协调,而组合式契约不仅能有效协调服务供应链,且协调具有一定柔性,但随着服务集成商公平关切程度的增加,服务提供商与服务集成商的协调空间变小,协调柔性减弱,且对服务提供商更不利。%Considering fairness concerns of the service integrator, a game model of the service provider and the service integrator is established. The analysis demonstrates that the wholesale price contract can’t realize the service supply chain coordination. Therefore, a combined contract of“cost sharing and revenue sharing”is presented to coordinate the service supply chain, and its effectiveness is discussed. The study results show that:the contract of cost sharing and revenue sharing can’t achieve the coordination of service supply chain, the combined contract can’t only coordinate the service supply chain, and also its coordination has flexibility. But with fairness concerns of the service integrator increasing, the negotiation space of the service provider and the service integrator becomes small, and the coordination flexibility will gradually weaken and more unfavorable for the service provider.

  20. Choreographies and Behavioural Contracts on the Way to Dynamic Updates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Bravetti

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We survey our work on choreographies and behavioural contracts in multiparty interactions. In particular theories of behavioural contracts are presented which enable reasoning about correct service composition (contract compliance and service substitutability (contract refinement preorder under different assumptions concerning service communication: synchronous address or name based communication with patient non-preemptable or impatient invocations, or asynchronous communication. Correspondingly relations between behavioural contracts and choreographic descriptions are considered, where a contract for each communicating party is, e.g., derived by projection. The considered relations are induced as the maximal preoders which preserve contract compliance and global traces: we show maximality to hold (permitting services to be discovered/substituted independently for each party when contract refinement preorders with all the above asymmetric communication means are considered and, instead, not to hold if the standard symmetric CCS/pi-calculus communication is considered (or when directly relating choreographies to behavioral contracts via a preorder, no matter the communication mean. The obtained maximal preorders are then characterized in terms of a new form of testing, called compliance testing, where not only tests must succeed but also the system under test (thus relating to controllability theory, and compared with classical preorders such as may/must testing, trace inclusion, etc. Finally, recent work about adaptable choreographies and behavioural contracts is presented, where the theory above is extended to update mechanisms allowing choreographies/contracts to be modified at run-time by internal (self-adaptation or external intervention.

  1. Enhancing service discovery using cat swarm optimisation based web service clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaina Kotekar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Web service discovery is a critical task in service oriented application development. Due to extensive proliferation in the number of available services, it is challenging to obtain all the relevant services available for a given task. For the retrieval of most relevant Web services, a user would have to use those service-specific terms that best describe and match the natural language documentation contained within a service description. This process can be time intensive, due to functional diversity of available services in a repository. Domain specific clustering of Web Services based on the similarities of their functionalities would greatly boost the ability of a Web service search engine to retrieve the most relevant service. In this paper, we propose a novel technique to cluster service documents into functionally similar service groups using the Cat Swarm Optimisation Algorithm. We present experimental results that show that the proposed technique was effective and enhanced the process of service discovery.

  2. Safe and Secure Services Based on NGN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukazawa, Tomoo; Nisase, Takemi; Kawashima, Masahisa; Hariu, Takeo; Oshima, Yoshihito

    Next Generation Network (NGN), which has been undergoing standardization as it has developed, is expected to create new services that converge the fixed and mobile networks. This paper introduces the basic requirements for NGN in terms of security and explains the standardization activities, in particular, the requirements for the security function described in Y.2701 discussed in ITU-T SG-13. In addition to the basic NGN security function, requirements for NGN authentication are also described from three aspects: security, deployability, and service. As examples of authentication implementation, three profiles-namely, fixed, nomadic, and mobile-are defined in this paper. That is, the “fixed profile” is typically for fixed-line subscribers, the “nomadic profile” basically utilizes WiFi access points, and the “mobile profile” provides ideal NGN mobility for mobile subscribers. All three of these profiles satisfy the requirements from security aspects. The three profiles are compared from the viewpoint of requirements for deployability and service. After showing that none of the three profiles can fulfill all of the requirements, we propose that multiple profiles should be used by NGN providers. As service and application examples, two promising NGN applications are proposed. The first is a strong authentication mechanism that makes Web applications more safe and secure even against password theft. It is based on NGN ID federation function. The second provides an easy peer-to-peer broadband virtual private network service aimed at safe and secure communication for personal/SOHO (small office, home office) users, based on NGN SIP (session initiation protocol) session control.

  3. Normality Index of Ventricular Contraction Based on a Statistical Model from FADS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Jiménez-Ángeles

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Radionuclide-based imaging is an alternative to evaluate ventricular function and synchrony and may be used as a tool for the identification of patients that could benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT. In a previous work, we used Factor Analysis of Dynamic Structures (FADS to analyze the contribution and spatial distribution of the 3 most significant factors (3-MSF present in a dynamic series of equilibrium radionuclide angiography images. In this work, a probability density function model of the 3-MSF extracted from FADS for a control group is presented; also an index, based on the likelihood between the control group's contraction model and a sample of normal subjects is proposed. This normality index was compared with those computed for two cardiopathic populations, satisfying the clinical criteria to be considered as candidates for a CRT. The proposed normality index provides a measure, consistent with the phase analysis currently used in clinical environment, sensitive enough to show contraction differences between normal and abnormal groups, which suggests that it can be related to the degree of severity in the ventricular contraction dyssynchrony, and therefore shows promise as a follow-up procedure for patients under CRT.

  4. Normality Index of Ventricular Contraction Based on a Statistical Model from FADS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Ángeles, Luis; Valdés-Cristerna, Raquel; Vallejo, Enrique; Bialostozky, David; Medina-Bañuelos, Verónica

    2013-01-01

    Radionuclide-based imaging is an alternative to evaluate ventricular function and synchrony and may be used as a tool for the identification of patients that could benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In a previous work, we used Factor Analysis of Dynamic Structures (FADS) to analyze the contribution and spatial distribution of the 3 most significant factors (3-MSF) present in a dynamic series of equilibrium radionuclide angiography images. In this work, a probability density function model of the 3-MSF extracted from FADS for a control group is presented; also an index, based on the likelihood between the control group's contraction model and a sample of normal subjects is proposed. This normality index was compared with those computed for two cardiopathic populations, satisfying the clinical criteria to be considered as candidates for a CRT. The proposed normality index provides a measure, consistent with the phase analysis currently used in clinical environment, sensitive enough to show contraction differences between normal and abnormal groups, which suggests that it can be related to the degree of severity in the ventricular contraction dyssynchrony, and therefore shows promise as a follow-up procedure for patients under CRT. PMID:23634177

  5. Speckle based configuration for simultaneous in vitro inspection of mechanical contractions of cardiac myocyte cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golberg, Mark; Fixler, Dror; Shainberg, Asher; Zlochiver, Sharon; Micó, Vicente; Garcia, Javier; Beiderman, Yevgeny; Zalevsky, Zeev

    2013-04-01

    In this manuscript we propose optical lensless configuration for a remote non-contact measuring of mechanical contractions of vast number of cardiac myocytes. All the myocytes were taken from rats, and the measurements were done in an in vitro mode. The optical method is based on temporal analysis of secondary reflected speckle patterns generated in lensless microscope configuration. The processing involves analyzing the movement and the change in the statistics of the generated secondary speckle patterns that are created on top of the cell culture when it is illuminated by a spot of laser beam. The main advantage of the proposed system is the ability to measure many cells simultaneously (approximately one thousand cells) and to extract the statistical data of their movement at once. The presented experimental results also include investigation the effect of isoproteranol on cells contraction process.

  6. 76 FR 72124 - Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ...] Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... collection associated with the Commission's Internet- Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering... notice as an announcement of the effective date of the rules. See Internet-Based Telecommunications...

  7. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  8. Enabling Indoor Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radaelli, Laura

    positioning system. Second, we propose an implementation of the vision in the form of a prototype that integrates Wi-Fi and video cameras for positioning. Aggregation or abstraction are needed to be able to explore large volumes of indoor trajectory data. We present two contributions to extracting information......Indoor spaces have always attracted interest from different scientific disciplines. Relatively recent interest in indoor settings by computer scientists is driven in part by the increasing use of smartphones, which serve as a platform for service delivery and can generate extensive volumes...... of trajectory data that can be used to study how people actually use indoor spaces. In this dissertation, we contribute partial solutions that address challenges in indoor positioning and indoor trajectory management and analysis. The key enabler of indoor location-based services and indoor movement analysis...

  9. An Automatic Web Service Composition Framework Using QoS-Based Web Service Ranking Algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallayya, Deivamani; Ramachandran, Baskaran; Viswanathan, Suganya

    2015-01-01

    Web service has become the technology of choice for service oriented computing to meet the interoperability demands in web applications. In the Internet era, the exponential addition of web services nominates the "quality of service" as essential parameter in discriminating the web services. In this paper, a user preference based web service ranking (UPWSR) algorithm is proposed to rank web services based on user preferences and QoS aspect of the web service. When the user's request cannot be fulfilled by a single atomic service, several existing services should be composed and delivered as a composition. The proposed framework allows the user to specify the local and global constraints for composite web services which improves flexibility. UPWSR algorithm identifies best fit services for each task in the user request and, by choosing the number of candidate services for each task, reduces the time to generate the composition plans. To tackle the problem of web service composition, QoS aware automatic web service composition (QAWSC) algorithm proposed in this paper is based on the QoS aspects of the web services and user preferences. The proposed framework allows user to provide feedback about the composite service which improves the reputation of the services.

  10. A Trust Model Based on Service Classification in Mobile Services

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yang; Xia, Feng; Lv, Xiaoning; Bu, Fanyu

    2010-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) and B3G/4G communication are promoting the pervasive mobile services with its advanced features. However, security problems are also baffled the development. This paper proposes a trust model to protect the user's security. The billing or trust operator works as an agent to provide a trust authentication for all the service providers. The services are classified by sensitive value calculation. With the value, the user's trustiness for corresponding service can be obtained. For decision, three trust regions are divided, which is referred to three ranks: high, medium and low. The trust region tells the customer, with his calculated trust value, which rank he has got and which authentication methods should be used for access. Authentication history and penalty are also involved with reasons.

  11. A Guide to Tenders and Contracts Alerting Services, (Guide des Services d’Annonces d’Appels d’Offres et des Marches)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    PUBLIBOE 13 Adquisiciones De Armamento Boletin De Necesidades 13 Turkey 14 lhale Bulteni 14 United Kingdom 15 MOD Contracts Bulletin 15 United States...Daily Frequency: Daily Cost: Hard Copy: 26.935 Pts per annum. Online: Contract 6328 Pts or 127 Pts per minute. Adquisiciones De Armamento Boletin De

  12. An Open Door and a Leg Up: Increasing Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB) Participation in Defense Contracting Through Simplified Acquisitions (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Business Development Direction - Veterans Benefit Act Pubic Law 108- 183 Section 101 and 102 12/16/2003 OFPP and SBA Make Agencies Responsible...Small to Large Business  Number of SDVOSB firms turned large is very low compared to the entire population .  Large Disabled Veteran-owned firms...An Open Door and a Leg Up: Increasing Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB) Participation in Defense Contracting Through

  13. Co-creation of Innovations in ICT based service encounters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jannick Kirk; Henten, Anders

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in services often emanate from service encounters (i.e. the touch points between the service producers and the customers). Two different types of service encounters are dealt with: face-to-face and ICT-based service encounters. The aim of the chapter is to examine the specific...... conditions for innovations from ICT-based service encounters. The service encounter research tradition is mostly concerned with customer satisfaction. The perspective of the present chapter is on innovations in the service encounter. The specific contribution of the chapter is to establish a conceptual...

  14. NASA Cloud-Based Climate Data Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInerney, M. A.; Schnase, J. L.; Duffy, D. Q.; Tamkin, G. S.; Strong, S.; Ripley, W. D., III; Thompson, J. H.; Gill, R.; Jasen, J. E.; Samowich, B.; Pobre, Z.; Salmon, E. M.; Rumney, G.; Schardt, T. D.

    2012-12-01

    Cloud-based scientific data services are becoming an important part of NASA's mission. Our technological response is built around the concept of specialized virtual climate data servers, repetitive cloud provisioning, image-based deployment and distribution, and virtualization-as-a-service (VaaS). A virtual climate data server (vCDS) is an Open Archive Information System (OAIS) compliant, iRODS-based data server designed to support a particular type of scientific data collection. iRODS is data grid middleware that provides policy-based control over collection-building, managing, querying, accessing, and preserving large scientific data sets. We have deployed vCDS Version 1.0 in the Amazon EC2 cloud using S3 object storage and are using the system to deliver a subset of NASA's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) data products to the latest CentOS federated version of Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF), which is also running in the Amazon cloud. vCDS-managed objects are exposed to ESGF through FUSE (Filesystem in User Space), which presents a POSIX-compliant filesystem abstraction to applications such as the ESGF server that require such an interface. A vCDS manages data as a distinguished collection for a person, project, lab, or other logical unit. A vCDS can manage a collection across multiple storage resources using rules and microservices to enforce collection policies. And a vCDS can federate with other vCDSs to manage multiple collections over multiple resources, thereby creating what can be thought of as an ecosystem of managed collections. With the vCDS approach, we are trying to enable the full information lifecycle management of scientific data collections and make tractable the task of providing diverse climate data services. In this presentation, we describe our approach, experiences, lessons learned, and plans for the future.; (A) vCDS/ESG system stack. (B) Conceptual architecture for NASA cloud-based data services.

  15. Discussion on improving medical insurance administrative system in China in view of analyzing "Basic Medical Insurance Service Contract"%从"基本医疗保险服务合同"角度探讨完善和健全我国医疗保险管理体制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张述萍; 袁江帆

    2011-01-01

    通过对现阶段我国基本医疗服务合同的特点和性质进行归纳和总结,分析现阶段我国基本医疗保险制度法律关系的特点,我国医疗服务合同的特点、性质及其关系,提出完善和健全我国基本医疗保险管理体制的框架和没想.%Based on the analysis of the characters of current basic medical service contract, the characters of law in current basic medical insurance service contract and medical service contract were analyzed and summarized.Framework and thoughts of improving basic medical insurance administrative system in China were discussed.

  16. Study on the Improvement of Performance of Global Supply Chain Based on Quantity Flexibility Revenue Sharing Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; LIU

    2015-01-01

    The main propose of this study is to manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time. Based on a two-echelon decentralized global supply chain,combined with the model equilibrium,this paper studies the difference between the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract. By the transmitting of exchange rate risk,it discusses the node-enterprises’ optimal strategies. Hence,it designs a quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract to improve the performance of this global supply chain. The result shows that both the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract cause the exchange rate risk to transfer from one enterprise to the other; the exchange rate risk will have different impact on the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract because of the difference in the transfer payments at the end of the sales season; by designing a hedging strategy with these two different transfer payments,the quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract can manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time.

  17. Research on Adaptation of Service-based Business Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zongmin Shang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an adaptation mechanism based on adaptation planning graph for service-based business processes. First, a three-layer representation model of service-based business process is introduced. Second, control-flow patterns of tasks, goal, logic model of service-based business process and adaptation planning graph are introduced to enforce reliability of composite web services at run-time. Finally, a simulation example of adaptation in service-based business processes is given. Simulations prove that this approach can efficiently guarantee the reliability of composite services at run-time.  

  18. A Model for Managing and Discovering Services Based on Dynamic Quality of Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao-peng Chen

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available  In this paper, we analyze the problems of existing Service Computing model and propose a model for managing and discovering services based on dynamic quality of services. This model consists of a Quality Measurement Center (QMC, which receives and analyzes the feedbacks of dynamic qualities of services to evaluate and rank the services according their dynamic qualities, and enables service consumer to search and discover services by the functional and/or QoS requirements; a QoS Spy, which feedbacks the real-time dynamic qualities of services to QMC and processes the fault detection and substitution of services; a Service Quality Calculator, which calculates the qualities of composite services based on their atomic services. With this model, we can evaluate and discover services on the Internet based on both functional and qualitative constraints. Meanwhile, this model is compatible with the basic principles of Service Computing, which are loosely coupled, protocol independent and location transparent. This model is the foundation of dynamic service discovery and substitution, and can improve the availability, scalability, and modifiability of service-based applications.  

  19. 29 CFR 4.112 - Contracts to furnish services “in the United States.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Island, and Johnston Island. The definition expressly excludes any other territory under the jurisdiction... case the requirements of the Act and of the contract clauses will not be applicable to the...

  20. 76 FR 27092 - Public Availability of the National Endowment for the Humanities FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  1. 78 FR 9071 - Public Availability of the National Endowment for the Humanities FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    .... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout... and December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement...

  2. Parallel NGO networks for HIV control: risks and opportunities for NGO contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Shehla; Gul, Xaher; Nishtar, Noureen Aleem

    2012-12-27

    Policy measures for preventive and promotive services are increasingly reliant on contracting of NGOs. Contracting is a neo-liberal response relying on open market competition for service delivery tenders. In contracting of health services a common assumption is a monolithic NGO market. A case study of HIV control in Pakistan shows that in reality the NGO market comprises of parallel NGO networks having widely different service packages, approaches and agendas. These parallel networks had evolved over time due to vertical policy agendas. Contracting of NGOs for provision of HIV services was faced with uneven capacities and turf rivalries across both NGO networks. At the same time contracting helped NGO providers belonging to different clusters to move towards standardized service delivery for HIV prevention. Market based measures such as contracting need to be accompanied with wider policy measures that facilitate in bringing NGOs groups to a shared understanding of health issues and responses.

  3. 77 FR 54924 - Temporary Concession Contract for the Operation of Lodging, Food and Beverage and Retail Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Retail Services in Canyon de Chelly National Mounument AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION... a term not to exceed 3 years. The visitor services include lodging, food and beverage and...

  4. Location-based Services using Image Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vertongen, Pieter-Paulus; Hansen, Dan Witzner

    2008-01-01

    situations, for example in urban environments. We propose a system to provide location-based services using image searches without requiring GPS. The goal of this system is to assist tourists in cities with additional information using their mobile phones and built-in cameras. Based upon the result......Recent developments in image search has made them sufficiently efficient to be used in real-time applications. GPS has become a popular navigation tool. While GPS information provide reasonably good accuracy, they are not always present in all hand held devices nor are they accurate in all...... of the image search engine and database image location knowledge, the location is determined of the query image and associated data can be presented to the user....

  5. Web Services-Based Test Report Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Ling; BAI Xiaoying

    2005-01-01

    Tests involving a large number of test cases and test scenarios are always time- and effort-intensive, and use ad hoc approaches. Test management is needed to control the complexity and the quality of the testing of large software systems. The reporting mechanism is critical for monitoring the testing progress, analyzing test results, and evaluating the test effectiveness for a disciplined testing process throughout the testing lifecycle. This paper presents an XML-based report generation method for large system testing. The service-oriented architecture enables flexible test report generation, presentation, and exchange to facilitate collaboration in a distributed environment. The results show that proper reporting can effectively improve the visibility of the testing process and that this web-based approach is critical to enhance communication among multiple testing groups.

  6. A New Approach Regarding the Legal Contract Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sache Neculaescu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Why not agreeing upon a contract based on misbalanced services: because the party benefiting from an excessive service unlawfully exploited the precarious situation of the other party as a result of whom came to accept an unfair contract, or because contractual balance must be an essential feature of which and every contract with clearly established services? Which of the two reasons mentioned above is more important in terms of current contractual discipline? These are two questions which, no matter what answers will get, will involve an important matter of choice, in relation to which it will be possible to assess correctly the solutions proposed by the new Romanian Civil Code, as well as by the main bills on Europeancodification of contract law. The present study upholds the idea of misbalanced services only if it constitutes rather a remedy for a contractual problem, if it is oriented towards the legitimate interests of the most vulnerable party of that contract and less interested in sanctioning the guilty conduct of the person who tookadvantage from an excessive service. As a consequence, we support the objective perspective in what misbalanced services are concerned, a reason for which we shall be making a few comments on some of thenew legal provisions, by referring to the main bills on the European codification of contract law, and stating later on a few de lege ferenda proposals, in terms of contracts based on misbalanced services.

  7. A Quality of Service Broker Based Process Model for Dynamic Web Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Rathore

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: With fast spreading of web services technology over the Internet, the quality aspects of a web service has received significant attention to the practitioners. The quality of web service includes both functional and nonfunctional details. In order to provide the correct and meaningful information to web service consumer, sometimes there is a need to compose existing web services in order to create new web service. Approach: We have proposed a Quality of Service (QoS broker based process model for Dynamic Web Service Composition (DWSC. The QoS broker in the proposed model is responsible for web service collection, selection, optimization and composition based on the service consumer’s requirements. It also verifies and certifies the functional and QoS specifications provided by service provider at the time of web service registration before publishing it in Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI registry. The detailed working of QoS broker is also presented in the study with functionality of each component. We will also discuss the process flowchart for new web service registration and web service composition at runtime. Results: The proposed QoS broker based model for dynamic web service composition solves the problems associated with quality of web service. It also prevents the central repository from malicious service provider to publish wrong information. Conclusion: The QoS broker-based process model for dynamic web service composition guarantees the quality of delivered service to web service consumers and improve the efficiency of composition.

  8. An Approach for Composing Services Based on Environment Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangjun Cai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is revolutionizing the modern computing paradigms with its aim to boost software reuse and enable business agility. Under this paradigm, new services are fabricated by composing available services. The problem arises as how to effectively and efficiently compose heterogeneous services facing the high complexity of service composition. Based on environment ontology, this paper introduces a requirement-driven service composition approach. We propose the algorithms to decompose the requirement, the rules to deduct the relation between services, and the algorithm for composing service. The empirical results and the comparison with other services’ composition methodologies show that this approach is feasible and efficient.

  9. Automatic web services classification based on rough set theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立; 张英; 宋自林; 苗壮

    2013-01-01

    With development of web services technology, the number of existing services in the internet is growing day by day. In order to achieve automatic and accurate services classification which can be beneficial for service related tasks, a rough set theory based method for services classification was proposed. First, the services descriptions were preprocessed and represented as vectors. Elicited by the discernibility matrices based attribute reduction in rough set theory and taking into account the characteristic of decision table of services classification, a method based on continuous discernibility matrices was proposed for dimensionality reduction. And finally, services classification was processed automatically. Through the experiment, the proposed method for services classification achieves approving classification result in all five testing categories. The experiment result shows that the proposed method is accurate and could be used in practical web services classification.

  10. Krishi-Services-Web Services Based solution for agricultural issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepanshi Garg

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Web Service is an emerging technology for the agricultural field to improve crop productivity in aspect of quality and quantity. India is known as an agricultural country and majority of Indian population lives in rural areas. The Indian Farmers are facing a lot of difficulties to increase production of crops. Now a day lots ofresearch has been done in this area, but still farmers are unable to achieve upper-bound yield due to lack of knowledge about this research. So to overcome this problem we are proposing a novel framework that is “Krishi-Services” to make various services and information available at their door steps. For the development of country and the betterment of rural people in the remote area, we are using information technology to collect information from various online sources and thereby making farmers aware of recent technologies.

  11. GEMBus as a service oriented platform for cloud-based composable services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grammatikou, M.; Marinos, C.; Demchenko, Y.; Lopez, D.R.; Dombek, K.; Jofre, J.

    2011-01-01

    Cloud computing has become a common technology for provisioning infrastructure services on-demand. Modern Cloud platforms can provide cloud-based applications, software, deployment platforms, or general infrastructure services that may include both computational and storage resources. However existi

  12. Optimal Medical Equipment Maintenance Service Proposal Decision Support System combining Activity Based Costing (ABC) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Leticia; Sloane, Elliot; M Bassani, Jose

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a framework to support the choice of the maintenance service (in-house or third party contract) for each category of medical equipment based on: a) the real medical equipment maintenance management system currently used by the biomedical engineering group of the public health system of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas located in Brazil to control the medical equipment maintenance service, b) the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method, and c) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results show the cost and performance related to each type of maintenance service. Decision-makers can use these results to evaluate possible strategies for the categories of equipment.

  13. Proposal for the Award of Two Contracts for the Technical Services for Work on Components of CERN Particle Accelerators and High Energy Physics Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the award of two contracts for the technical services for work on components of CERN particle accelerators and high energy physics experiments. Following a market survey carried out among 73 firms in fourteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-3156/SPL) was sent on 4 November 2002 to three consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from the three consortia. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of two contracts with: 1) the consortium SERCO FACILITIES MANAGEMENT (NL) - GERARD PERRIER INDUSTRIE (FR) - INEO ALPES (FR), the lowest bidder, for approximately 55% of the technical services for work on components of CERN particle accelerators and high energy physics experiments, for an initial period of five years and for a total amount not exceeding 37 435 270 euros (54 902 500 Swiss francs), subject to revision for inflation from 1 January 2005. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial five-...

  14. Analysis of the Permanent Tooth Eruption and Contraction of Dental Caries Based on Physical Development in School Children

    OpenAIRE

    相澤 徳久; 結城 昌子; アイザワ ノリヒサ; ユキ マサコ; Aizawa, Norihisa; Masako YUKI

    2006-01-01

    We performed a cohort study on the physical development, eruption of permanent teeth, and contraction of dental caries in school children. To establish criteria for the effective maintenance of dental hygiene, we analyzed the relationship between the eruption of permanent teeth and contraction of dental caries based on the physical development. The subjects were 373 elementary school children in Koriyama City, consisting of 215 boys and 158 girls, who were examined from their first to sixth g...

  15. The Motivational Bases of Public Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, James L.; Wise, Lois Recascino

    1990-01-01

    Suggests that, although a crisis in government service is widely recognized, understanding the motives of public servants and the way to stimulate public service motivation are at a preliminary stage. (Author)

  16. Ontology-based Cloud Services Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Ali

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The advancement of cloud computing has enabled service providers to provide diversity of cloud services to users with different attributes at a range of costs. Finding the suitable service from the increasing numbers of cloud services that satisfy the user requirements such as performance, cost and security has become a big challenge. The variety on services description none uniformed naming conventions and the heterogeneous types and features of cloud services led to make the cloud service discovery a hard problem. Therefore, an intelligent service discovery system is necessary for searching and retrieving appropriate services accurately and quickly. Many studies have been conducted to discover the cloud services using different techniques, such as ontology model and agents technology. The existing ontology for cloud services does not cover the cloud concepts and it is intended to be used for specific tasks only. This study represents the cloud concepts in a comprehensive way that can be used for cloud services discovery or cloud computing management.

  17. Research on e-learning services based on ontology theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rui

    2013-07-01

    E-learning services can realize network learning resource sharing and interoperability, but they can't realize automatic discovery, implementation and integration of services. This paper proposes a framework of e-learning services based on ontology, the ontology technology is applied to the publication and discovery process of e-learning services, in order to realize accurate and efficient retrieval and utilization of e-learning services.

  18. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to include a new International Business Reply Service (IBRS... Postal Service seeks to include a new International Business Reply Service (IBRS) agreement (Agreement... a Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3...

  19. Demographics of the Contracting Workforce within the Army Contracting Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-25

    Empresas in Madrid. Dr. Reed retired from Active Military Service in 2008 after 21 years in the Air Force. Dr. Reed held various assignments in...and Local Government, business, and marketing applications, it focuses on human resource planning and the difficulties of expanding and contracting...requirements management, market research, negotiation and performance-based acquisition (FAI, 2009, p. 80). Table 30 displays the “business

  20. Analysis of the fiscal terms amendment of service contract in Iraq%伊拉克服务合同财税条款变更分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙杜芬; 尹秀玲; 郑玥

    2014-01-01

    Recently ,the cooperation petroleum contract of the oil and gas in Iraq is service contract .The daily crude oil will achieve 12 ,000 ,000 barrels until Year 2017 ,then the daily crude oil production will be cut down because of the limitation of OPEC .Therefore ,the government of Iraq will reduce the peak production target that was bid and regulated in the original service contract .The government of Iraq will amend some fiscal terms of the contract to keep the certain return of foreign investors ,because that will cut down the economical return of investors .That will encourage the foreign investors to continue to develop oil and gas field in Iraq .There is a comparison of the economical return of foreign investors when the fiscal terms of service contract were amended or not ,that is mainly analyzed in the article .%最近几年伊拉克油气资源在对外合作中采用的合同模式主要为服务合同,预计到2017年伊拉克原油日产量达到1200万桶/d左右,其日产量可能会受到欧佩克组织限产而减产。因此,在公开招标中竞得的原服务合同中规定的高峰产能可能会降低,高峰产能的减少会降低外国投资者的经济效益,因此伊拉克政府也会相应更改其它财税条款来保证外国投资者的经济效益,以鼓励外国投资者继续开发伊拉克油气田。本文重点对比分析服务合同财税条款变更前后外国投资者的经济效益。

  1. Improvement of quality service based on common benchmarks and indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pohaydak, Olha Bohdanivna

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Consider ways to improve the quality management system based on common criteria and indicators for evaluating the quality of products, works and services in housing and domestic service.

  2. Volume of Home and Community Based Services and...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Volume of Home- and Community-Based Services and Time to Nursing-Home Placement The purpose of this study was to determine whether the volume of Home and Community...

  3. 78 FR 12422 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... actions over $25,000. The inventory information is organized by function to show how contracted resources... guidance issued on November 5, 2010, and updated on December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn Harris, Director of Procurement Policy and Warrant Management...

  4. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Premature Contractions - PACs and PVCs Updated:Dec 15,2016 Premature ... felt this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the upper ...

  5. Analyzing e-service quality in service-based website by E-SERVQUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Nemati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, two-way communication via web-based exchanges has been a popular method for different activities such as electronic transaction, publication, broadcasting, and other service applications. However, it is always necessary to measure the performance quality of web services using different technique such as e-SERVQUAL model. The proposed study of this paper uses this technique for measuring the quality of Iranian university e-services. The proposed study distributes a standard questionnaire among students who use this service through internet. The results indicate that only efficiency and online service quality in the e-service system are desirable. Managerial implications are represented.

  6. MDA-Based 3G Service Creation Approach and Telecom Service Domain Meta-Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Xiu-quan; LI Xiao-feng; LI Yan

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a model-driven 3G service creation approach based on model driven architecture technology.The focus of the paper is the methodology of designing telecommunication service-related meta-model and its profile implementation mechanism. This approach enhances the reusability of applications through separation of service logic models from concrete open application programming interface technologies and implementation technologies.

  7. Criteria of enterprise marketing service base forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Bilovodska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to characterize basic personnel analysis methods, to propose own criteria which help to perform complex personnel evaluation by different departments. The results of the analysis. This article is based on the investigation of specialized literature regarding different personnel evaluation methods. Implementation of marketing concept in business requires corresponding service that examines marketing environment, analyzing market situation. It provides advice for successful existence in the market. Such functions must be performed by marketing department. Marketing department with other divisions forms an integrated process which aims to meet the market demand. Managers and leading specialists of marketing must satisfy the general requirements (competence, the ability to manage themselves, skills to solve problems, ability to train employees, etc.. Besides, they must satisfy a number of specific requirements that are specific. These requirements include: systematic knowledge, erudition, high analytical quality, communication, and diplomacy, ability to predict the situation and to make an effective decisions, ability to resolve conflicts. Personnel evaluation methods are divided into objective and subjective. Narrative techniques are dominated among objective. These methods can be used in various forms: as appliances of arbitrary description, structured descriptions, self-evaluation, and evaluation of defined objectives and in critical cases. Subjective methods usually cover comparative techniques that give relative knowledge: ranking, paired comparison and theoretical distribution. Complex methods combine several techniques that can’t be attributed only to the objective or only to the subjective methods. For example, sheet valuation, “model 360°”, personal portfolio. Authors suggested the following criteria of personnel evaluation: evaluation of marketing services; evaluation of individual

  8. 外界网络条件影响服务收益的应用服务外包合约%Application service outsourcing contracts under service revenue affected by external network condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐国锋; 但斌; 张旭梅

    2011-01-01

    To solve the moral hazard problem of Application Service Provider(ASP) hidden information under the external network condition of information asymmetry,an application service outsourcing principle-agent model was constructed,and the optimal outsourcing contracts were designed under the symmetric information and the asymmetric information.Furthermore,the properties of optimal outsourcing contracts were analyzed.The research implied that the customer enterprises would shoulder all risks arising by uncertain external network on symmetric information condition;the indifferent contract couldn't exist as the optimal contract under the asymmetric information,and the optimal contract could achieve the Pareto optimal under good network condition whereas occur distortion under poor network condition.It caused efficiency loss.%为解决外界网络条件信息不对称下应用服务提供商隐藏信息的道德风险问题,建立了应用服务外包委托—代理模型,设计了对称信息及不对称信息条件下的应用服务外包最优合约,并分析了最优外包合约的性质。研究表明,对称信息条件下,客户企业将承担外界网络条件不确定所带来的全部风险;不对称信息条件下,最优合约不能以无差异合约形式存在,且最优合约在网络条件较好时能实现帕累托最优,而在网络条件较差时发生扭曲,存在效率损失。

  9. The Research on Web Service based Network Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenli Dong

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes Web Service based network management. The Web Service based network management system is analyzed. It consists of network management layer, collaborative management implementation layer, and management function layer mainly. The complex management network tasks can be accomplished respectively by more than one Web Service distributed on Internet and the Web Services interchange information based on XML message. The SNMP/XML gateway and the translation between GDMO/ASN.1 and XML/Schema are designed and implemented to implement the integration between the legacy network management systems and the network management developed by Web Service technologies. The service management in Web Service based network management is discussed. Service composition/re-composition in Web Service based network management is analyzed based on the QoS requirements negotiation between the network management requirements and the statement of Web Service and network, OWL-S being used to described the network management requirements to discover the suitable Web Service, BPEL being used to describe the Web Service composition.

  10. Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, M. N. Susantha

    The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is

  11. Synthesis of Facial Image with Expression Based on Muscular Contraction Parameters Using Linear Muscle and Sphincter Muscle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Seonju; Ozawa, Shinji

    We aim to synthesize individual facial image with expression based on muscular contraction parameters. We have proposed a method of calculating the muscular contraction parameters from arbitrary face image without using learning for each individual. As a result, we could generate not only individual facial expression, but also the facial expressions of various persons. In this paper, we propose the muscle-based facial model; the facial muscles define both the linear and the novel sphincter. Additionally, we propose a method of synthesizing individual facial image with expression based on muscular contraction parameters. First, the individual facial model with expression is generated by fitting using the arbitrary face image. Next, the muscular contraction parameters are calculated that correspond to the expression displacement of the input face image. Finally, the facial expression is synthesized by the vertex displacements of a neutral facial model based on calculated muscular contraction parameters. Experimental results reveal that the novel sphincter muscle can synthesize facial expressions of the facial image, which corresponds to the actual face image with arbitrary and mouth or eyes expression.

  12. Cooperation and Game between Producers and Managers Based on the Linear Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianglan Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a cooperative game between the manager and the producer in the enterprise. In this paper, we firstly construct the cooperative game model based on the principal-agent theory. Under the conditions of Nash equilibrium and linear contract, the paper calculates the net income of the client, the total risk and welfare of the agents when the agents have the cooperation or not. The result shows that the correlation coefficient between their output has a direct relationship with the cooperation. Secondly, according to the power distribution theory another model is developed. We analyze the game process and critical state. Furthermore, we deduce the share proportion of the profit and the control size when they have the cooperation. Finally, we summarize all the research achievements, which are of universal significance for the practical cooperation game problems.

  13. Muscle force estimation with surface EMG during dynamic muscle contractions: a wavelet and ANN based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Fengjun; Chew, Chee-Meng

    2013-01-01

    Human muscle force estimation is important in biomechanics studies, sports and assistive devices fields. Therefore, it is essential to develop an efficient algorithm to estimate force exerted by muscles. The purpose of this study is to predict force/torque exerted by muscles under dynamic muscle contractions based on continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and artificial neural networks (ANN) approaches. Mean frequency (MF) of the surface electromyography (EMG) signals power spectrum was calculated from CWT. ANN models were trained to derive the MF-force relationships from the subset of EMG signals and the measured forces. Then we use the networks to predict the individual muscle forces for different muscle groups. Fourteen healthy subjects (10 males and 4 females) were voluntarily recruited in this study. EMG signals were collected from the biceps brachii, triceps, hamstring and quadriceps femoris muscles to evaluate the proposed method. Root mean square errors (RMSE) and correlation coefficients between the predicted forces and measured actual forces were calculated.

  14. Iterated non-linear model predictive control based on tubes and contractive constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo, M; Sánchez, G; Giovanini, L

    2016-05-01

    This paper presents a predictive control algorithm for non-linear systems based on successive linearizations of the non-linear dynamic around a given trajectory. A linear time varying model is obtained and the non-convex constrained optimization problem is transformed into a sequence of locally convex ones. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is addressed adding a convex contractive constraint. To account for linearization errors and to obtain more accurate results an inner iteration loop is added to the algorithm. A simple methodology to obtain an outer bounding-tube for state trajectories is also presented. The convergence of the iterative process and the stability of the closed-loop system are analyzed. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in controlling a quadcopter type unmanned aerial vehicle.

  15. A Modified Magnetic Gradient Contraction Based Method for Ferromagnetic Target Localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Wang

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Scalar Triangulation and Ranging (STAR method, which is based upon the unique properties of magnetic gradient contraction, is a high real-time ferromagnetic target localization method. Only one measurement point is required in the STAR method and it is not sensitive to changes in sensing platform orientation. However, the localization accuracy of the method is limited by the asphericity errors and the inaccurate value of position leads to larger errors in the estimation of magnetic moment. To improve the localization accuracy, a modified STAR method is proposed. In the proposed method, the asphericity errors of the traditional STAR method are compensated with an iterative algorithm. The proposed method has a fast convergence rate which meets the requirement of high real-time localization. Simulations and field experiments have been done to evaluate the performance of the proposed method. The results indicate that target parameters estimated by the modified STAR method are more accurate than the traditional STAR method.

  16. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SERVICE BASED ON ADAPTIVE USER MODELING AND GROUPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhyung Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we suggest the mobile business intelligence service based on adaptive recognition of user intention and usage patterns. This service is named as InSciTe adaptive and based on text mining and semantic web technologies. This service supports not only technology-focusing analysis and prediction but also adaptive recognition about user’s intention by semi-automatic user modeling process. By the adaptive user modeling, this service can provide more suitable service flow and more proper analysis results based on user’s intention.

  17. A library-based bioinformatics services program*

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Support for molecular biology researchers has been limited to traditional library resources and services in most academic health sciences libraries. The University of Washington Health Sciences Libraries have been providing specialized services to this user community since 1995. The library recruited a Ph.D. biologist to assess the molecular biological information needs of researchers and design strategies to enhance library resources and services. A survey of laboratory research groups ident...

  18. Telephone survey of service-user experiences of a telephone-based mental health triage service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsom, Stephen; Sands, Natisha; Roper, Cath; Hoppner, Cayte; Gerdtz, Marie

    2013-10-01

    The participation of service users in all aspects of mental health service delivery including policy development, service planning and evaluation is increasingly an expectation of contemporary mental health care. Although there are a growing number of publications reporting service-user perspectives in the evaluation of mental health services, little attention has been paid to the views of service users about mental health triage services. The purpose of the study reported here was to examine service-users' (consumers and informal carers) experiences of a telephone-based mental health triage service. Using a framework developed from the World Health Organisation's elements of responsiveness, we conducted structured telephone interviews with service users who had contacted a telephone-based mental health triage service in regional Victoria, Australia. The main findings of the study were that consumers experienced more difficulty than carers in accessing the service and that, although most participants were satisfied, only a minority reported being involved in decision-making. Further work is needed to improve accessibility of mental health triage services and to investigate barriers to consumer self-referral. Professional development and practice support systems should be established to support mental health triage nurses in the development of collaborative, consumer-focused care.

  19. STUDY& ANALYSIS OF CLOUD BASED ERP SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Sharma

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research paper is to explore the knowledge of the existing studies related to cloud computing current trend. The outcome of my work will be demonstrated in the form of diagram which will exemplify the ERP integration process for in-house and cloud eco-system. It will provide a conceptual view to the new client or entrepreneurs using ERP services and explain them how to deal with two stages of ERP systems (cloud and in-house. Also suggest how to improve knowledge about ERP services and implementation process for both stages. The work recommends which ERP services can be outsourced over the cloud. Cloud ERP is a mix of standard ERP services along with cloud flexibility and low cost to afford these services. This is a recent phenomenon in enterprise service offering. For most of non IT background entrepreneurs it is unclear and broad concept, since all the research work related to it are done in couple of years. Most of cloud ERP vendors describe their products as straight forward tasks. The process and selection of Cloud ERP Services and vendors is not clear. This research work draws a framework for selecting non-core business process from preferred ERP service partners. It also recommends which ERP services outsourced first over the cloud, and the security issues related to data or information moved out from company premises to the cloud eco-system.

  20. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for electrical installation work and maintenance of lighting and low-voltage distribution

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for electrical installation work and maintenance of lighting and low-voltage distribution. Following a market survey carried out among 127 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2754/ST) was sent on 2 June 2000 to three firms and four consortia, each consisting of two firms, in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from two firms and two consortia in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium SPIE TRINDEL(FR) ? CONTROLMATIC (DE), the lowest bidder complying with the specified requirements, for an initial period of three years from 1 July 2001 for a total amount of 41 705 497 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 31 December 2003. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period for a total amount of 27 803 664 Swiss francs, for which CERN will seek approval by the Finance ...

  1. Research on telecommunication resale service supply chain coordination with revenue-sharing contract%电信业务转售收入共享合同研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑惠莉; 达庆利; 曹爱红

    2004-01-01

    The competition and cooperation between traditional telecom operators and resale operators in the supply chain are discussed, when the telecom industry developed telecommunication resale service. Supply chain contract is an effective way to coordinate the supply chain. This paper analyzes the revenue-sharing contract between telecom operators and resale operators. The study shows that by setting up a rational revenue-sharing ratio and wholesale price, a revenue-sharing contract can coordinate this supply chain, and telecom operators and resale operators can achieve a "win-win" solution.%从供应链的角度, 研究了电信业在开展转售电信业务时, 传统运营商与转售商之间的竞争与合作问题. 供应链合同(契约)是实现供应链协调的一种有效方法, 本文通过对运营商与转售商之间建立收入共享合同的分析研究得到:通过收入共享比例和批发价的合理设置, 收入共享合同可以协调电信业务转售供应链, 实现运营商与转售商的"双赢".

  2. Can Conservation Contracts Co-exist with Change? Payment for Ecosystem Services in the Context of Adaptive Decision-Making and Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Tanya; Murtinho, Felipe; Cárdenas Camacho, Luis Mario; Crespo, Patricio; McHugh, Sarah; Salmerón, David

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the ability of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs to operate in the context of dynamic and complex social-ecological systems. Drawing on the experiences of two different PES programs in Latin America, we examine how PES institutions fit with the tenets of adaptive decision-making for sustainable resource management. We identify how the program goals and the connection to the market influence the incentive structure, information gathering, learning and feedback processes, and the structure of decision-making rights, specifically the ability to make and modify resource-use rules. Although limited in their generalizability, findings from the two case studies suggest a tension between the contractual model of PES and adaptive decision-making in natural resource systems. PES programs are not inherently decentralized, flexible management tools, as PES contracts tend to restrict decision-making rights and offer minimal flexibility mechanisms to change resource-use practices over the duration of the contract period. Furthermore, PES design and flexibility is heavily dependent on the goals and mission of the buyer and the respective market. If PES is to facilitate sustainable resource management, greater attention is needed to assess how the institutional design of the PES contracts influence the motivation and capacity of participants and program officers alike to adaptively manage the respective resource systems.

  3. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  4. Cloud-based Collaborative Business Services Provision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Oliveira, A.I.; Ferrada, F.

    2013-01-01

    The notion of service-enhanced product, representing the association of services to manufactured products, offers an important mechanism for value creation and product differentiation. This is particularly relevant in the case of complex, highly customized and long-life products. Provision of suitab

  5. Cloud-based Collaborative Business Services Provision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Camarinha-Matos, L.M.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Oliveira, A.I.; Ferrada, F.; Hammoudi, S.; Cordeiro, J.; Maciaszek, L.A.; Filipe, J.

    2014-01-01

    The notion of service-enhanced product, representing the association of services to manufactured products, offers an important mechanism for value creation and product differentiation. This is particularly relevant in the case of complex, highly customized and long-life products. Provision of suitab

  6. A framework for Internet service evolution based on active object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Hua; ZHANG Yang

    2006-01-01

    The wide use of Internet Service in distributed computing and e-business has made the evolution of Internet Service to be one of the most prevalent research fields in software development domain. Traditional methods for software development cannot adapt to the challenge of Internet Service oriented software development. In this paper, we propose a new paradigm for the evolution of Internet Service with active objects from the characteristics of Internet Service and principles of active objects. The paradigm uses an automatic monitoring mechanism of active object to detect and process evolution requirement in system based on Internet Service.

  7. A grid service-based active thermochemical table framework.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    von Laszewski, G.; Ruscic, B.; Wagstrom, P.; Krishnan, S.; Amin, K.; Nijsure, S.; Bittner, S.; Pinzon, R.; Hewson, J. C.; Morton, M. L.; Minkoff, M.; Wagner, A.; SNL

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we report our work on the integration of existing scientific applications using Grid Services. We describe a general architecture that provides access to these applications via Web services-based application factories. Furthermore, we demonstrate how such services can interact with each other.

  8. Public utility contract between the French government and Electricite de France; Contrat de service public entre l'etat et Electricite de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    According to the law from February 10, 2000, Electricite de France (EdF) is in charge of the execution of several missions of public utility. In a more specific way, the missions relative to the transport of electricity have been entrusted to the RTE, i.e. the service in charge of the management of the public network. RTE belongs to EdF but has a distinct liability in the carrying out of its public utility missions. Therefore, this contract comprises two distinct parts: one concerning EdF's commitments and one concerning RTE's commitments. The commitments concern the quality of supplies and services, the safety of facilities, the respect of the environment, the transparency, dialogue and ethics with respect to the public and its information, and the follow up and control of these commitments. (J.S.)

  9. WebGIS based community services architecture by griddization managements and crowdsourcing services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haiyin; Wan, Jianhua; Zeng, Zhe; Zhou, Shengchuan

    2016-11-01

    Along with the fast economic development of cities, rapid urbanization, population surge, in China, the social community service mechanisms need to be rationalized and the policy standards need to be unified, which results in various types of conflicts and challenges for community services of government. Based on the WebGIS technology, the article provides a community service architecture by gridding management and crowdsourcing service. The WEBGIS service architecture includes two parts: the cloud part and the mobile part. The cloud part refers to community service centres, which can instantaneously response the emergency, visualize the scene of the emergency, and analyse the data from the emergency. The mobile part refers to the mobile terminal, which can call the centre, report the event, collect data and verify the feedback. This WebGIS based community service systems for Huangdao District of Qingdao, were awarded the “2015’ national innovation of social governance case of typical cases”.

  10. SERVICE-AWARE BASED FUZZY ADMISSION CONTROL SCHEME IN MULTI-SERVICE NETWORKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Gongan; Zhang Shunyi; Liu Shidong

    2007-01-01

    Multi-service aggregated transmission is the direction of IP network. Providing different Quality of Service (QoS) assurance for different services has become a crucial problem in future network.Admission control is a vital function for multi-service IP network. This paper proposes a novel fuzzy admission control scheme based on coarse granularity service-aware technique. Different service has discriminative sensitivity to the same QoS characteristic parameter in general. The traffic class can be perceived by the service request parameter and the proposed QoS function. And requirements of different applications can be met by maintaining the life parameter. From simulation results, the proposed scheme shows a better QoS provisioning than those traditional fuzzy logic based methods under the same admission probability.

  11. Integrating GIS Web services based on mediating architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Guan-hua; HAN Liang; MA Xiu-jun; XIE Kun-qing; CHEN Zhuo

    2004-01-01

    The geographic information service is enabled by the advancements in general Web service technology and the focused efforts of the OGC in defining XML-based Web GIS service. Based on these models, this paper addresses the issue of services chaining,the process of combining or pipelining results from several interoperable GIS Web Services to create a customized solution. This paper presents a mediated chaining architecture in which a specific service takes responsibility for performing the process that describes a service chain. We designed the Spatial Information Process Language (SIPL) for dynamic modeling and describing the service chain, also a prototype of the Spatial Information Process Execution Engine (SIPEE) is implemented for executing processes written in SIPL. Discussion of measures to improve the functionality and performance of such system will be included.

  12. An Integrated Approach for Creating Service-Based Interactive Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Marius; Janeiro, Jordan; Nestler, Tobias; Hübsch, Gerald; Jugel, Uwe; Preussner, André; Schill, Alexander

    While the implementation of business logic and business processes based on service-oriented architectures is well-understood and covered by existing development approaches, integrated concepts that empower users to exploit the Internet of Services to create complex interactive applications are missing. In this paper, we present an integrated approach that fills this gap. Our approach builds upon service annotations that add meta-information related to user interface generation, service dependencies, and service composition to existing service descriptions. Services can be composed visually to complex interactive applications based on these annotations without the need to write any code. The application code is generated completely from the service composition description. Our approach is able to support heterogeneous target environments ranging from client/server architectures to mobile platforms.

  13. Web service reputation evaluation based on QoS measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Haiteng; Shao, Zhiqing; Zheng, Hong; Zhai, Jie

    2014-01-01

    In the early service transactions, quality of service (QoS) information was published by service provider which was not always true and credible. For better verification the trust of the QoS information was provided by the Web service. In this paper, the factual QoS running data are collected by our WS-QoS measurement tool; based on these objectivity data, an algorithm compares the difference of the offered and measured quality data of the service and gives the similarity, and then a reputation evaluation method computes the reputation level of the Web service based on the similarity. The initial implementation and experiment with three Web services' example show that this approach is feasible and these values can act as the references for subsequent consumers to select the service.

  14. Can Component/Service-Based Systems Be Proved Correct?

    CERN Document Server

    Attiogbe, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Component-oriented and service-oriented approaches have gained a strong enthusiasm in industries and academia with a particular interest for service-oriented approaches. A component is a software entity with given functionalities, made available by a provider, and used to build other application within which it is integrated. The service concept and its use in web-based application development have a huge impact on reuse practices. Accordingly a considerable part of software architectures is influenced; these architectures are moving towards service-oriented architectures. Therefore applications (re)use services that are available elsewhere and many applications interact, without knowing each other, using services available via service servers and their published interfaces and functionalities. Industries propose, through various consortium, languages, technologies and standards. More academic works are also undertaken concerning semantics and formalisation of components and service-based systems. We consider...

  15. 刍议物业服务合同的主体%The main body of series the realty service contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王南

    2015-01-01

    In order to adapt to the development of the property management market and the improvement of the realty service contract,it is necessary to analyze the property service principals.The body of the realty service contract has two sides,one side is the realty service company, no doubt;And the other are controversial. Both theory and practice, the owners, the owners’committee or the owners’congress as a main body . And the basis of an analysis of the right to bear , confirm the other body is owner,and define the mature of the owners, the owners’congress and the owners’committee and status.%为了适应物业管理市场化的发展和物业服务合同的完善,有必要对物业服务主体进行分析。物业服务合同的主体有两方,其中一方是物业服务公司毋庸置疑;而另外一方争议较大。无论理论界和实务界,都把业主、业主委员会或业主大会列为主体。而从权利承受者的角度分析,确认另一方主体是业主,并明确了业主、业主大会、业主委员会的性质和地位。

  16. Beyond products: services-based strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, J B; Doorley, T L; Paquette, P C

    1990-01-01

    Services technologies are changing the way companies in every industry--manufacturers and service providers alike--compete. Vertical integration, physical facilities, even a seemingly superior product can no longer assure a competitive edge. Instead, sustainable advantage is more and more likely to come from developing superior capabilities in a few core service skills--and out-sourcing as much of the rest as possible. Within companies, technology is increasing the leverage of service activities: today, more value added comes from design innovations, product image, or other attributes that services create than from the production process. New technologies also let independent enterprises provide world-class services at lower costs than customers could achieve if they performed the activities themselves. These changes have far-reaching implications for how managers structure their organizations and define strategic focus. Companies like Apple, Honda, and Merck show that a less integrated but more focused organization is key to competitive success. They build their strategies around a few highly developed capabilities. And they outsource as many of the other activities in their value chain as possible. To help managers develop an activity-focused strategy, the authors offer a new way to approach competitive analyses, guidelines for determining which activities to outsource and which to retain, and an overview of the risks and rewards of strategic outsourcing. Throughout, they draw on the findings of their three-year study of the major impacts technology has had in the service sector.

  17. Impact on the Performance of Health Workers Adopted Performance-Related Contracts in the Provision of Basic Public Health Service at Village and Township Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Zhang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This paper focus on the impact on the performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of a government stipulated package of basic public health service, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode. Methods: The concept of balanced scorecard was adopted and developed to gather the 11 evaluation indicators distributed in four quadrants. These were implemented using on-site questionnaire and interview design. Four thousand and twenty-one respondents at 30 administrative villages including 2674 respondents at 20 pilot villages and 1347 at 10 control villages were investigated. Meanwhile, 62 administration officials from three counties and nine townships were interviewed. Results: Eight of 11 evaluation indicators were obviously better in pilot counties than in Control County, The remaining three indicators respectively represented that equal, inferior to control county, and could not clear judge. Conclusion: The performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of basic public health service in pilot counties, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode, is better than before and control county.

  18. Web Service Description and Discovery Based on Semantic Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xuemei; XU Lizhen; DONG Yisheng; WANG Yongli

    2006-01-01

    A novel semantic model of Web service description and discovery was proposed through an extension for profile model of Web ontology language for services (OWL-S) in this paper.Similarity matching of Web services was implemented through computing weighted summation of semantic similarity value based on specific domain ontology and dynamical satisfy extent evaluation for quality of service (QoS).Experiments show that the provided semantic matching model is efficient.

  19. Contract Automatic Generation Method Based on TASC Model%基于TASC模型的合同自动生成方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张恒; 李自臣

    2011-01-01

    通过可信自治服务协同模型解决因自治个体行为难以预测和控制而导致的协同可信危机.在该模型下,Agent之间通过服务合同建立协同关系.提出一种有效的服务合同生成方法,利用服务分类体系、基于适用情景的服务发现机制和服务合同协议模板进行求解,以一种快速查找、可重用的方式生成合同,从而提高服务组合的自动化程度,并给出可信自治式服务协同过程和服务合同自动生成过程.%TASC model can solve the cooperation trust crisis result from the phenomenon that it is difficult to predict and control the autonomy individual behavior. Under this model, service contract establishes cooperation relations between Agents. This paper proposes an effective service contract generation method. It uses service classification system, service discovery mechanism for scenario and service contract protocol template,generates contract in a fast and reusable way, thus improve the level of automation, and gives the process of trust autonomy service cooperation and service contract automatic generation.

  20. 26 CFR 1.801-8 - Contracts with reserves based on segregated asset accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... reserve is computed, life, health, or accident contingencies. Accordingly, a company issuing contracts... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-8 Contracts with... investment return and current market value. (b) Life insurance reserves. Section 801(g)(2) provides that...

  1. Interface-Based Service Composition with Aggregation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalla Preda, Mila; Gabbrielli, Maurizio; Guidi, Claudio;

    2012-01-01

    Service-oriented architectures (SOAs) usually comprehend in-the-middle entities such as proxies or service mediators that compose services abstracting from the order in which they exchange messages. Although widely used, these entities are usually implemented by means of ad-hoc solutions....... In this paper we generalise this composition mechanism by identifying the primitive notion of aggregation. We formally define the semantics of aggregation in terms of a process calculus. We also provide a reference implementation for this primitive by extending the Jolie language, thus allowing...

  2. LEGAL BASES OF INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhireeva A. S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article some features of legal regulation of the institute of public service are considered. The analysis of the norms of the service rights establishing the special administrative legal status of public servants is carried out. The author investigated the considerable list of the pre-revolutionary, soviet and modern legal literature devoted to topical issues of institute of public service. The main concept of this article is that the institute of public service is considered by us from a systemic position. For example, the content of the concept of "state position" from the point of view of both standard the contents, and opinions of representatives of the scientific doctrine is revealed. The author's definition of the legal category "state position" is offered. Besides, various concepts of understanding of the concept "public service" are presented in article. Thus the author paid attention to the fact that earlier in the domestic legislation there was no common opinion and standard establishment of the legal category of "public service". The main signs of the state position by the legislation of the Russian Empire are given in article. It is noted that in pre-revolutionary Russia legislators had identified the concepts of "public servant" and "official". This approach, according to the author, wasn't the advantage of the pre-revolutionary legislation, testifying to the low level of legislative equipment

  3. Delivery of satellite based broadband services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrasekhar, M. G.; Venugopal, D.

    2007-06-01

    Availability of speedy communication links to individuals and organizations is essential to keep pace with the business and social requirements of this modern age. While the PCs have been continuously growing in processing speed and memory capabilities, the availability of broadband communication links still has not been satisfactory in many parts of the world. Recognizing the need to give fillip to the growth of broadband services and improve the broadband penetration, the telecom policies of different counties have placed special emphasis on the same. While emphasis is on the use of fiber optic and copper in local loop, satellite communications systems will play an important role in quickly establishing these services in areas where fiber and other communication systems are not available and are not likely to be available for a long time to come. To make satellite communication systems attractive for the wide spread of these services in a cost effective way special emphasis has to be given on factors affecting the cost of the bandwidth and the equipment. As broadband services are bandwidth demanding, use of bandwidth efficient modulation technique and suitable system architecture are some of the important aspects that need to be examined. Further there is a need to re-look on how information services are provided keeping in view the user requirements and broadcast capability of satellite systems over wide areas. This paper addresses some of the aspects of delivering broadband services via satellite taking Indian requirement as an example.

  4. Shade Trading: An Emerging Riparian Forest-Based Payment for Ecosystem Services Market in Oregon, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillozet, Kathleen

    2015-10-01

    This paper describes the regulatory and compliance context for Oregon's emerging ecosystem services (ES) market in riparian shade to meet water quality obligations. In Oregon's market as with many other ES programs, contracts and other regulatory documents not only delimit the obligations and liabilities of different parties, but also constitute a primary mechanism through which ES service delivery is measured. Through a review of compliance criteria I find that under Oregon's shade trades, permittees are held to a number of input-based criteria, which essentially affirm that parties comply with predetermined practices and procedures, and one `pseudo output based' criterion, in which ES delivery is estimated through a model. The case presented in the paper critically engages with the challenges of measuring ES and in assessing the outcomes of ES projects. It places these challenges as interrelated and proposes that market designers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should consider explicit efficacy, efficiency, and equity targets.

  5. Wearable Systems for Service based on Physiological Signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryoo, Dong-Wan; Kim, Young-Sung; Lee, Jeun-Woo

    2005-01-01

    Many researches for useful status information on humans have been done using the bio-signals. The bio-signal acquisition systems can be used to connect a user and a ubiquitous computing environment. The ubiquitous computing environment has to give various services anywhere, anytime. Consequently, ubiquitous computing requires new technology, such as a new user interface, dynamic service mechanism based on context and mobility support, which is different from technology used in desktop environment. To do this, we developed a wearable system, which can sense physiological data, determine emotional status and execute service based on the emotion. In this paper, we described wearable systems for personalized service based on physiological signals. The wearable system is composed of three subsystems, the physiological data sensing subsystem, the human status awareness subsystem and the service management subsystem. The physiological data sensing subsystem senses PPG, GSR and SKT signals from the data glove and sends the data to a wearable system using Bluetooth. The human status awareness subsystem in the wearable system receives the data from bio-sensors and determines emotional status using nonlinear mapping and rule-base. After determining emotion, the service management subsystem activates proper service automatically, and the service management subsystem can provide personalized service for users based on acquired bio-signals. Also, we presented various feature extraction using bio-signals such as PPG, GSR, SKT considering mobility, and emotion recognition of human status for the ubiquitous computing service.

  6. Invariant Surface EMG Feature Against Varying Contraction Level for Myoelectric Control Based on Muscle Coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jiayuan; Zhang, Dingguo; Sheng, Xinjun; Li, Shunchong; Zhu, Xiangyang

    2015-05-01

    Variations in muscle contraction effort have a substantial impact on performance of pattern recognition based myoelectric control. Though incorporating changes into training phase could decrease the effect, the training time would be increased and the clinical viability would be limited. The modulation of force relies on the coordination of multiple muscles, which provides a possibility to classify motions with different forces without adding extra training samples. This study explores the property of muscle coordination in the frequency domain and found that the orientation of muscle activation pattern vector of the frequency band is similar for the same motion with different force levels. Two novel features based on discrete Fourier transform and muscle coordination were proposed subsequently, and the classification accuracy was increased by around 11% compared to the traditional time domain feature sets when classifying nine classes of motions with three different force levels. Further analysis found that both features decreased the difference among different forces of the same motion ) and maintained the distance among different motions p > 0.1). This study also provided a potential way for simultaneous classification of hand motions and forces without training at all force levels.

  7. An Ontology-Based Service Matching Strategy in Grid Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Nan; SHEN De-rong; YU Ge; KOU Yue; NIE Tie-zheng; CAO Yu

    2004-01-01

    An efficient ontology-based service searching scheme is put forward in this paper by introducing semantic information into grid systems.The ideas of ontology and OWL (Web ontology language) are applied to establish a uniform abstract concept model and standardization for grid services.We propose a general framework of ontology-based service discovery sub-system, which includes ontology storage module, context-based domain selection module and specific service matching module.Implementation policies are also presented in this paper.

  8. Different approaches to contracting in health systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrot, Jean

    2006-11-01

    Contracting is one of the tools increasingly being used to enhance the performance of health systems in both developed and developing countries; it takes different forms and cannot be limited to the mere purchase of services. Actors adopt contracting to formalize all kinds of relations established between them. A typology for this approach will demonstrate its diversity and provide a better understanding of the various issues raised by contracting. In recent years the way health systems are organized has changed significantly. To remedy the under-performance of their health systems, most countries have undertaken reforms that have resulted in major institutional overhaul, including decentralization of health and administrative services, autonomy for public service providers, separation of funding bodies and service providers, expansion of health financing options and the development of the profit or nonprofit private sector. These institutional reshuffles lead not only to multiplication and diversification of the actors involved, but also to greater separation of the service provision and administrative functions. Health systems are becoming more complex and can no longer operate in isolation. Actors are gradually realizing that they need to forge relations. The simplest way to do that is through dialogue, although some prefer a more formal commitment. Interaction between actors may take various forms and be on different scales. There are several types of contractual relations: some are based on the nature of the contract (public or private), others on the parties involved and yet others on the scope of the contract. Here they are classified into three categories according to the object of the contract: delegation of responsibility, act of purchase of services, or cooperation.

  9. WEB SERVICE SELECTION ALGORITHM BASED ON PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Guosheng; Liu Jianxun; Tang Mingdong; Cao Buqing

    2013-01-01

    Existing Web service selection approaches usually assume that preferences of users have been provided in a quantitative form by users.However,due to the subjectivity and vagueness of preferences,it may be impractical for users to specify quantitative and exact preferences.Moreover,due to that Quality of Service (QoS) attributes are often interrelated,existing Web service selection approaches which employ weighted summation of QoS attribute values to compute the overall QoS of Web services may produce inaccurate results,since they do not take correlations among QoS attributes into account.To resolve these problems,a Web service selection framework considering user's preference priority is proposed,which incorporates a searching mechanism with QoS range setting to identify services satisfying the user's QoS constraints.With the identified service candidates,based on the idea of Principal Component Analysis (PCA),an algorithm of Web service selection named PCAoWSS (Web Service Selection based on PCA) is proposed,which can eliminate the correlations among QoS attributes and compute the overall QoS of Web services accurately.After computing the overall QoS for each service,the algorithm ranks the Web service candidates based on their overall QoS and recommends services with top QoS values to users.Finally,the effectiveness and feasibility of our approach are validated by experiments,i.e.the selected Web service by our approach is given high average evaluation than other ones by users and the time cost of PCA-WSS algorithm is not affected acutely by the number of service candidates.

  10. School-Based Counselling and Psychological Services in Macao

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Schalkwyk, Gertina J.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an overview of the current status of school-based counselling and psychological services for school-going children and their families in Macao. Adopting an eco-systemic model, some recent articles on school-based counselling and psychological services in Southeast Asian countries are reviewed, and similar data from…

  11. Service-based flexible workflow system for virtual enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-fei

    2008-01-01

    Using the services provided by virtual enterprises, we presented a solution to implement flexible inter-enterprise workflow management. Services were the responses of events that can be accessed programmatically on the Internet by HTTP protocol. Services were obtained according to some standardized service templates. The workflow engine's flexible control to a request was bound to appropriate services and their providers by using a constraint-based, dynamic binding mechanism. Hence, a flexible and collaborative business was achieved. The workflow management system supports virtual enterprise, and the styles of virtual enterprises can be adjusted readily to adapt various situations.

  12. Ontology-based Semantic Search Engine for Healthcare Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jotsna Molly Rajan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available With the development of Web Services, the retrieval of relevant services has become a challenge. The keyword-based discovery mechanism using UDDI and WSDL is insufficient due to the retrievalof a large amount of irrelevant information. Also, keywords are insufficient in expressing semantic concepts since a single concept can be referred using syntactically different terms. Hence, service capabilities need to be manually analyzed, which lead to the development of the Semantic Web for automatic service discovery andretrieval of relevant services and resources. This work proposes the incorporation of Semantic matching methodology in Semantic Web for improving the efficiency and accuracy of the discovery mechanism.

  13. Evidence of long term muscle fatigue following prolonged intermittent contractions based on mechano- and electromyograms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, K; Blangsted, A K; Jørgensen, L V

    2003-01-01

    min intermittent contractions at 30% as well as 10% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) lasted more than 30 min recovery. In six male subjects the EMG and MMG were recorded from the biceps brachii muscle during three sessions with fatiguing exercise at 10% with visual feedback and at 30% MVC...... with visual and proprioceptive feedback. EMG, MMG, and force were evaluated during isometric test contractions at 5% and 80% MVC before prolonged contraction and after 10 and 30 min of recovery. MVC decreased significantly after the fatiguing exercise in all three sessions and was still decreased even after...... 30 min of recovery. In the time domain significant increases after the fatiguing exercise were found only in the 5% MVC tests and most pronounced for the MMG. No consistent changes were found for neither EMG nor MMG in the frequency domain and feedback mode did not modify the results. It is concluded...

  14. Why performance-based contracting failed in Uganda--an "open-box" evaluation of a complex health system intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ssengooba, Freddie; McPake, Barbara; Palmer, Natasha

    2012-07-01

    Performance-based contracting (PBC) is a tool that links rewards to attainment of measurable performance targets. Significant problems remain in the methods used to evaluate this tool. The primary focus of evaluations on the effects of PBC (black-box) and less attention to how these effects arise (open-box) generates suboptimal policy learning. A black-box impact evaluation of PBC pilot by the Development Research Group of the World Bank (DRG) and the Ministry of Health (MOH) concluded that PBC was ineffective. This paper reports a theory-based case study intended to clarify how and why PBC failed to achieve its objectives. To explain the observed PBC implementation and responses of participants, this case study employed two related theories i.e. complex adaptive system and expectancy theory respectively. A prospective study trailed the implementation of PBC (2003-2006) while collecting experiences of participants at district and hospital levels. Significant problems were encountered in the implementation of PBC that reflected its inadequate design. As problems were encountered, hasty adaptations resulted in a de facto intervention distinct from the one implied at the design stage. For example, inadequate time was allowed for the selection of service targets by the health centres yet they got 'locked-in' to these poor choices. The learning curve and workload among performance auditors weakened the validity of audit results. Above all, financial shortfalls led to delays, short-cuts and uncertainty about the size and payment of bonuses. The lesson for those intending to implement similar interventions is that PBC should not be attempted 'on the cheap'. It requires a plan to boost local institutional and technical capacities of implementers. It also requires careful consideration of the responses of multiple actors - both insiders and outsiders to the intended change process. Given the costs and complexity of PBC implementation, strengthening conventional approaches

  15. Service quality of cloud-based applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Eric

    2014-01-01

    This book explains why applications running on cloud might not deliver the same service reliability, availability, latency and overall quality to end users as they do when the applications are running on traditional (non-virtualized, non-cloud) configurations, and explains what can be done to mitigate that risk.

  16. Classification of pregnancy and labor contractions using a graph theory based analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nader, N; Hassan, M; Falou, W; Diab, A; Al-Omar, S; Khalil, M; Marque, C

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, we propose a new framework to characterize the electrohysterographic (EHG) signals recorded during pregnancy and labor. The approach is based on the analysis of the propagation of the uterine electrical activity. The processing pipeline includes i) the estimation of the statistical dependencies between the different recorded EHG signals, ii) the characterization of the obtained connectivity matrices using network measures and iii) the use of these measures in clinical application: the classification between pregnancy and labor. Due to its robustness to volume conductor, we used the imaginary part of coherence in order to produce the connectivity matrix which is then transformed into a graph. We evaluate the performance of several graph measures. We also compare the results with the parameter mostly used in the literature: the peak frequency combined with the propagation velocity (PV +PF). Our results show that the use of the network measures is a promising tool to classify labor and pregnancy contractions with a small superiority of the graph strength over PV+PF.

  17. Automatic diagnosis of premature ventricular contraction based on Lyapunov exponents and LVQ neural network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiuling; Du, Haiman; Wang, Guanglei; Zhou, Suiping; Zhang, Hong

    2015-10-01

    Premature ventricular contraction (PVC) is a common type of abnormal heartbeat. Without early diagnosis and proper treatment, PVC may result in serious harms. Diagnosis of PVC is of great importance in goal-directed treatment and preoperation prognosis. This paper proposes a novel diagnostic method for PVC based on Lyapunov exponents of electrocardiogram (ECG) beats. The methodology consists of preprocessing, feature extraction and classification integrated into the system. PVC beats can be classified and differentiated from other types of abnormal heartbeats by analyzing Lyapunov exponents and training a learning vector quantization (LVQ) neural network. Our algorithm can obtain a good diagnostic result with little features by using single lead ECG data. The sensitivity, positive predictability, and the overall accuracy of the automatic diagnosis of PVC is 90.26%, 92.31%, and 98.90%, respectively. The effectiveness of the new method is validated through extensive tests using data from MIT-BIH database. The experimental results show that the proposed method is efficient and robust.

  18. Indoor location-based services prerequisites and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Werner, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This book delivers concise coverage of classical methods and new developments related to indoor location-based services. It collects results from isolated domains including geometry, artificial intelligence, statistics, cooperative algorithms, and distributed systems and thus provides an accessible overview of fundamental methods and technologies. This makes it an ideal starting point for researchers, students, and professionals in pervasive computing. Location-based services are services using the location of a mobile computing device as their primary input. While such services are fairly e

  19. Trust Evaluation Model based on Multiple Service Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxue Ma

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available when the most trusted models evaluate level of trust about service entities at present, the credibility of the service attributes whether the two sides trading result is credible is rather ambiguous, which makes the evaluation model lack of persuasion, and not very good depict the complexity and uncertainty of trust relationship between the two sides. In view of the above questions, learning trust relationship from human society, according to the service of the node itself, abstracting representative multiple service attributes from the trusted relationship of the node service, service requester comprehensive evaluates multiple service attributes provided by service provider based on personal interest, and combines with the trust value, decide whether to trade finally; after the transaction, service request calculates QoS(quality of service difference degree according to actual QoS and service provider’own QoS claimed to judge the credibility of service provider, then gives corresponding rewards and punishment and trust update. Simulation results show that the model can evaluative accurately the node’s trust degree and effectively control of malicious nodes attack, when the malicious nodes have a higher proportion in the system ,it can still keep high success rate.

  20. Service quality, trust, and patient satisfaction in interpersonal-based medical service encounters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Ching-Sheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interaction between service provider and customer is the primary core of service businesses of different natures, and the influence of trust on service quality and customer satisfaction could not be ignored in interpersonal-based service encounters. However, lack of existing literature on the correlation between service quality, patient trust, and satisfaction from the prospect of interpersonal-based medical service encounters has created a research gap in previous studies. Therefore, this study attempts to bridge such a gap with an evidence-based practice study. Methods We adopted a cross-sectional design using a questionnaire survey of outpatients in seven medical centers of Taiwan. Three hundred and fifty copies of questionnaire were distributed, and 285 valid copies were retrieved, with a valid response rate of 81.43%. The SPSS 14.0 and AMOS 14.0 (structural equation modeling statistical software packages were used for analysis. Structural equation modeling clarifies the extent of relationships between variables as well as the chain of cause and effect. Restated, SEM results do not merely show empirical relationships between variables when defining the practical situation. For this reason, SEM was used to test the hypotheses. Results Perception of interpersonal-based medical service encounters positively influences service quality and patient satisfaction. Perception of service quality among patients positively influences their trust. Perception of trust among patients positively influences their satisfaction. Conclusions According to the findings, as interpersonal-based medical service encounters will positively influence service quality and patient satisfaction, and the differences for patients’ perceptions of the professional skill and communication attitude of personnel in interpersonal-based medical service encounters will influence patients’ overall satisfaction in two ways: (A interpersonal-based medical

  1. P2MP MPLS-Based Hierarchical Service Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaki, Kenji; Nakagawa, Ikuo; Nagami, Kenichi; Ogishi, Tomohiko; Ano, Shigehiro

    This paper proposes a point-to-multipoint (P2MP) Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) based hierarchical service management system. Traditionally, general management systems deployed in some service providers control MPLS Label Switched Paths (LSPs) (e.g., RSVP-TE and LDP) and services (e.g., L2VPN, L3VPN and IP) separately. In order for dedicated management systems for MPLS LSPs and services to cooperate with each other automatically, a hierarchical service management system has been proposed with the main focus on point-to-point (P2P) TE LSPs in MPLS path management. In the case where P2MP TE LSPs and services are deployed in MPLS networks, the dedicated management systems for P2MP TE LSPs and services must work together automatically. Therefore, this paper proposes a new algorithm that uses a correlation between P2MP TE LSPs and multicast VPN services based on a P2MP MPLS-based hierarchical service management architecture. Also, the capacity and performance of the proposed algorithm are evaluated by simulations, which are actually based on certain real MPLS production networks, and are compared to that of the algorithm for P2P TE LSPs. Results show this system is very scalable within real MPLS production networks. This system, with the automatic correlation, appears to be deployable in real MPLS production networks.

  2. Analysis of Trust-Based Approaches for Web Service Selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola; Miotto, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    a collection of pages to a collections of services. Consensus is growing that this Web service revolution wont eventuate until we resolve trust-related issues. Indeed, the intrinsic openness of the SOC vision makes crucial to locate useful services and recognize them as trustworthy. In this paper we review......The basic tenet of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is the possibility of building distributed applications on the Web by using Web services as fundamental building blocks. The proliferation of such services is considered the second wave of evolution in the Internet age, moving the Web from...... the field of trust-based Web service selection, providing a structured classification of current approaches and highlighting the main limitations of each class and of the overall field....

  3. 38 CFR 17.82 - Contracts for outpatient services for veterans with alcohol or drug dependence or abuse...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Networks (VISN) Director. (ii) Where applicable, the facility must have a current occupancy permit issued by the local and state governments in the jurisdiction where the home is located. (iii) All...) Monitoring medications. (vi) Supportive social service. (vii) Individual counseling as appropriate....

  4. Effectiveness of Contracted Services in Individualizing and Tailoring Mentor Programming for Children with Severe Emotional Disturbance in a Public System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owley, Gordon T.; Sternweis, Joan

    This conference paper discusses the results of a study that investigated the effects of a mentor service on 30 children with severe emotional disturbances and considered to be at extreme risk for out-of-home placement. The mentors provided regular, consistent, face-to-face and telephone contact with each child for five hours per week. The mentors…

  5. Research on the Purchase of Service Contracting under the Horizon of Economic Law%经济法视域下政府购买服务研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁金华

    2015-01-01

    政府购买服务在理论上属于经济法范畴,应纳入经济法调整。界定政府购买服务的经济法属性、辨识经济合同、预设经济法律关系以及检视国内外实践中经济法的规制范式,有助于理清政府购买服务在经济法调整下的完善进路,促进其良性发展。%Purchase of Service Contracting (POSC) belongs to the category of economic law in theory ,so it should be incorporated into the field of economic law .The article is to define the nature of the POSC ,to identify the economic contract ,to analyze the economic legal relationship ,and to review the regulation paradigm of eco-nomic law in POSC practiced at home and abroad .At last ,it puts forward some suggestions to improve sound de-velopment under the horizon of economic law and hope it can be helpful for POSC in China .

  6. Online Shopping Service Supply Chain Coordination Contract Considering Bilateral Service Level%考虑双边服务水平的网购服务供应链协调契约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦星红; 苏强; 李贵萍

    2016-01-01

    本文考虑了由单个网络商店和单个第三方物流企业( TPL)所构成的二级网购服务供应链,在双方服务水平同时影响市场需求的情况下,研究了网购服务供应链的服务质量协调问题。通过对比分散式和集中式供应链中各方的均衡决策,指出传统价格契约的不足,提出采用收益共享契约对供应链进行协调,并分析了该契约实现供应链协调的条件和局限。研究结果表明:收益共享契约能激励双方提高服务水平、实现供应链协调;协调契约实施前后各方的基本服务水平对各自的收益和服务决策均有正向影响,且相应的影响在协调契约下更明显。此外,研究还指出供应链系统可能会因TPL服务能力不足发生服务拥塞,使得系统运营效率降低。最后,通过算例验证了收益共享契约的有效性,并对主要参数的灵敏度进行了分析。%In this paper , service quality coordination mechanism is studied in a two-layer service supply chain that consists of one online store and one TPL with the market demand dependent on their service levels .Service decisions are compared and analyzed in two different scenarios:decentralized decision and centralized decision . And then the limitations of the traditional price-only contract in the first scenario are pointed out .Considering the scenario of centralized decision as a benchmark , we propose a revenue sharing contract ( RSC ) as a method to coordin ate the decentralized supply chain and give the conditions and limitations of the contract to realize supply chain coordination .The results show that the RSC can motivate both online store and TPL to improve service lev-el and realize service supply chain coordination .Moreover , the result shows that basic service levels of all mem-bers have a positive influence on their service decision in the two scenarios , and the effect is greater in the sec-ond scenario .However , the

  7. 第三方物流服务合同中的法律问题研究%Study on Legal Problems in TPL Service Contracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏博洋; 张严冰

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,with the TPL service contract as the subject of this study,we analyzed the legal relationship,performance risk and insurance system involved as well as the breach liability system,etc.,in a bid to promote better development of third party logistics in China.%第三方物流服务行业涉及的范围广、服务周期长,因此产生的法律纠纷较多,以第三方物流服务合同为研究对象,分析合同中涉及的法律关系、履行中的风险与保险制度,以及违约责任追究制度等法律问题,旨在促进第三方物流的健康发展.

  8. Web-services-based resource discovery model and service deployment on HealthGrids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naseer, Aisha; Stergioulas, Lampros K

    2010-05-01

    HealthGrids represent the next generation of advanced healthcare IT and hold the promise to untangle complex healthcare-data problems by integrating health information systems and healthcare entities. Healthcare could benefit from a new delivery approach using HealthGrids to better meet the biomedical and health-related needs. Specialized services are needed to provide unified discovery of and ubiquitous access to available HealthGrid resources. The different types of services available on HealthGrids are classified into two levels, the operational-level services and the management-level services. This paper takes a fresh approach to address the problems of resource discovery in HealthGrids based on Web services (WS) and WS technologies and proposes a WS-based resource discovery model.

  9. Validation of Context Based Service Discovery Protocol for Ubiquitous Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandi Giridharan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Discovery Protocol (SDP is important in ubiquitous applications, where a large number of devicesand software components collaborate unobtrusively and provide numerous services without userintervention. Existing service discovery schemes use a service matching process in order to offer services ofinterest to the users. Potentially, the context information of the users and surrounding environment can beused to improve the quality of service matching. We propose a C-IOB (Context- Information, Observationand Belief based service discovery model, which deals with the above challenges by processing the contextinformation and by formulating the beliefs based on the basis of observations. With these formulated beliefsthe required services will be provided to the users. In this work, we present an approach for automatedvalidation of C-IOB based service discovery model in a typical ubiquitous museum environment, where theexternal behavior of the system can be predicted and compared to a model of expected behavior from theoriginal requirements. Formal specification using SDL (Specification and Description Language basedsystem has been used to conduct verification and validation of the system. The purpose of this framework isto provide a formal basis for their performance evaluation and behavioral study of the SDP.

  10. ESO Signs Largest-Ever European Industrial Contract For Ground-Based Astronomy Project ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, announced today that it has signed a contract with the consortium led by Alcatel Alenia Space and composed also of European Industrial Engineering (Italy) and MT Aerospace (Germany), to supply 25 antennas for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) project, along with an option for another seven antennas. The contract, worth 147 million euros, covers the design, manufacture, transport and on-site integration of the antennas. It is the largest contract ever signed in ground-based astronomy in Europe. The ALMA antennas present difficult technical challenges, since the antenna surface accuracy must be within 25 microns, the pointing accuracy within 0.6 arc seconds, and the antennas must be able to be moved between various stations on the ALMA site. This is especially remarkable since the antennas will be located outdoor in all weather conditions, without any protection. Moreover, the ALMA antennas can be pointed directly at the Sun. ALMA will have a collecting area of more than 5,600 square meters, allowing for unprecedented measurements of extremely faint objects. The signing ceremony took place on December 6, 2005 at ESO Headquarters in Garching, Germany. "This contract represents a major milestone. It allows us to move forward, together with our American and Japanese colleagues, in this very ambitious and unique project," said ESO's Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky. "By building ALMA, we are giving European astronomers access to the world's leading submillimetre facility at the beginning of the next decade, thereby fulfilling Europe's desire to play a major role in this field of fundamental research." Pascale Sourisse, Chairman and CEO of Alcatel Alenia Space, said: "We would like to thank ESO for trusting us to take on this new challenge. We are bringing to the table not only our recognized expertise in antenna development, but also our long-standing experience in

  11. Prime Contract Awards by Service Category and Federal Supply Classification, Fiscal Years 1992, 1991, 1990 and 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Elct Eq Comps 616 0 0 0 H966 Other Quail !y Cntl Svcs/Instruments 8 Lab Equip 204 0 0 0 H970 Other Quality Cntl Svcs/ADP Equip S Supplies 836 0 0 0...Testing 8 Devic 65 0 H270 Equip 8 Mats Tesi 8 ; 1 les 0 Cl 2.576 0 TABLE 4-2 Other Services and Construction by DoD

  12. Agent-based Personal Network (PN) service architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Bo; Olesen, Henning

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we proposte a new concept for a centralized agent system as the solution for the PN service architecture, which aims to efficiently control and manage the PN resources and enable the PN based services to run seamlessly over different networks and devices. The working principle...

  13. Foundations of Blueprint for Cloud-based Service Engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nguyen, D.K.

    2011-01-01

    Current cloud-based service offerings are often provided as one-size-fits-all solution and give little or no room for customization. This limits the ability for application developers to pick and choose offerings from multiple software, platform and infrastructure service providers and configure the

  14. GEMBus based services composition platform for cloud PaaS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demchenko, Y.; Ngo, C.; Martínez-Julia, P.; Torroglosa, E.; Grammatikou, M.; Jofre, J.; Gheorghiu, S.; Garcia-Espin, J.A.; Perez-Morales, A.D.; de Laat, C.

    2012-01-01

    Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides an environment for creating and deploying applications using one of popular development platforms. This paper presents a practical solution for building a service composition platform based on the GEMBus (GEANT Multi-domain Bus) that extends the industry a

  15. In-route skyline querying for location-based services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xuegang, Huang; Jensen, Kristian S.

    2005-01-01

    With the emergence of an infrastructure for location-aware mobile services, the processing of advanced, location-based queries that are expected to underlie such services is gaining in relevance, While much work has assumed that users move in Euclidean space, this paper assumes that movement is c...

  16. RESEARCH ON REUSE-BASED WEB SERVICES COMPOSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rao Yuan; Li Zunchao; Feng Boqin

    2005-01-01

    Objective To solve the three principal problems for reusing the software components, i.e., existence, discovery and availability principles, web services provided a new solution for reusing and assembling web software or components under distributed environment with a series of XML-based protocols. Methods A 4+1 meta-model between atomic services, such as Sequence, Parallelism, Alternation, Substitute and Iteration, and a kind of service composition description language in composition process are investigated. Furthermore, an architecture-based service composition model with Ontology Engine is proposed, which is based on the software architecture life-cycle model and provides a mechanism for services composition with dynamic management and deployment. Results The results of the prototype system development show that the service-composed application not only reused the web service components, but also reused the data resources located in distributed databases. Conclusion The method of reused-based web services composition observably decreases the period and cost of development and greatly improves the programming efficiency.

  17. Computer-Based Information Services in Medicine: A Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, P. H.; And Others

    The objectives of this study were to examine the need and potential demand for computer-based information services in the University of Otago medical libraries, to evaluate the various databases of interest, and to recommend the best means of access to such services. Data were collected through user and library surveys, an extensive literature…

  18. Mental Health Care in a High School Based Health Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jepson, Lisa; Juszczak, Linda; Fisher, Martin

    1998-01-01

    Describes the mental-health and medical services provided at a high-school-based service center. Five years after the center's inception mental health visits had quadrupled. One third of students utilizing the center reported substance abuse within their family. Other reasons for center use included pregnancy, suicidal ideation, obesity,…

  19. 对机构养老服务合同纠纷及其主体义务的探究——以机构养老服务合同纠纷为视角%Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly and Obligation of Subject---From the Perspective of Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春普; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    近年来养老服务合同纠纷日渐增多,主要分为人身类和财产类两部分。究其原因,养老机构资质欠缺、老年人及其关系人认知错误及现有法律、行政法规的缺乏,致使双方的义务不明确。合同义务有约定与法定、给付与附随之分。养老机构与入住老年人及其关系人的给付义务分别为依约提供养老服务、配备合理养老服务资源、健全个人档案和及时支付养老服务的费用。双方附随义务主要为告知与协助义务。除此之外,安全保障是养老机构特有的附随义务。%In recent years, the contract disputes of institutional service for the elderly including person and property have been increasing day by day because of the lack of qualification of elder care facility, cognitive errors of the elderly and some people related to them and the lack of laws and administrative regulations. The contract deals with negotiated and legal obligations, and benefit and collateral obligations. The benefit obligations of subjects in contract of institutional service for the elderly include provision of service in accordance with negotiation, rational deployment of resources, sound filing and timely payment. The collateral obligations of the parties concerned mainly deal with information and assistance. Besides, safeguard for security is the specific collateral obligation of elder care facility.

  20. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE UNITED STATES, ITS... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  1. 3D Myocardial Contraction Imaging Based on Dynamic Grid Interpolation: Theory and Simulation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bu, Shuhui; Shiina, Tsuyoshi; Yamakawa, Makoto; Takizawa, Hotaka

    Accurate assessment of local myocardial contraction is important for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease, because decreases of myocardial motion often appear in the early stages of the disease. Three-dimensional (3-D) assessment of the stiffness distribution is required for accurate diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Since myocardium motion occurs radially within the left ventricle wall and the ultrasound beam propagates axially, conventional approaches, such as tissue Doppler imaging and strain-rate imaging techniques, cannot provide us with enough quantitative information about local myocardial contraction. In order to resolve this problem, we propose a novel myocardial contraction imaging system which utilizes the weighted phase gradient method, the extended combined autocorrelation method, and the dynamic grid interpolation (DGI) method. From the simulation results, we conclude that the strain image's accuracy and contrast have been improved by the proposed method.

  2. Computation of fractal features based on the fractal analysis of surface electromyogram to estimate force of contraction of different muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poosapadi Arjunan, Sridhar; Kumar, Dinesh Kant

    2014-01-01

    This research study investigates the fractal properties of surface Electromyogram (sEMG) to estimate the force levels of contraction of three muscles with different cross-sectional areas (CSA): m. quadriceps--vastus lateralis, m. biceps brachii, andm. flexor digitorum superficialis. The fractal features were computed based on the fractal analysis of sEMG, signal recorded while performing sustained muscle contraction at different force levels. A comparison was performed between the fractal features and five other features reported in the literature. Linear regression analysis was carried out to determine the relationship between the force of contraction (20-100%) and features of sEMG. The results from the coefficients of regression r² show that the new fractal feature, maximum fractal length of the signal has highest correlation (range 0.88-0.90) when compared with other features which ranges from 0.34 to 0.74 for the three different muscles. This study suggests that the estimation of various levels of sustained contraction of muscles with varied CSA will provide a better insight into the biomechanics model that involves muscle properties and muscle activation.

  3. Reinforcement Learning Based Web Service Compositions for Mobile Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Juan; Chen, Shouming

    In this paper, we propose a new solution to Reactive Web Service Composition, via molding with Reinforcement Learning, and introducing modified (alterable) QoS variables into the model as elements in the Markov Decision Process tuple. Moreover, we give an example of Reactive-WSC-based mobile banking, to demonstrate the intrinsic capability of the solution in question of obtaining the optimized service composition, characterized by (alterable) target QoS variable sets with optimized values. Consequently, we come to the conclusion that the solution has decent potentials in boosting customer experiences and qualities of services in Web Services, and those in applications in the whole electronic commerce and business sector.

  4. Linear-contract Mechanisms Based on the Risk Preference of an Agent in a Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With respect to different risk preference of an agent in a supply chain, linear-contract models are designed according to the principal-agent theory. The study shows that the risk preference of an agent directly correlates with the incentive compensation coefficient of principal, order quantity of principal and production capability level of the agent. The principal should offer an appropriate incentive contract according to the risk preference of the agent, or choose an agent holding a different risk preference to establish the supply chain.

  5. 77 FR 10577 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional International Business Reply... it has entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) contract.\\1\\ The Postal... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February 13,...

  6. Graph based E-Government web service composition

    CERN Document Server

    Elmaghraoui, Hajar; Chiadmi, Dalila; Benhlima, Laila

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, e-government has emerged as a government policy to improve the quality and efficiency of public administrations. By exploiting the potential of new information and communication technologies, government agencies are providing a wide spectrum of online services. These services are composed of several web services that comply with well defined processes. One of the big challenges is the need to optimize the composition of the elementary web services. In this paper, we present a solution for optimizing the computation effort in web service composition. Our method is based on Graph Theory. We model the semantic relationship between the involved web services through a directed graph. Then, we compute all shortest paths using for the first time, an extended version of the Floyd-Warshall algorithm.

  7. Performance based Ranking Model for Cloud SaaS Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Abdalla Elmubarak

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing systems provide virtualized resources that can be provisioned on demand basis. Enormous number of cloud providers are offering diverse number of services. The performance of these services is a critical factor for clients to determine the cloud provider that they will choose. However, determining a provider with efficient and effective services is a challenging task. There is a need for an efficient model that help clients to select the best provider based on the performance attributes and measurements. Cloud service ranking is a standard method used to perform this task. It is the process of arranging and classifying several cloud services within the cloud, then compute the relative ranking values of them based on the quality of service required by clients and the features of the cloud services. The objective of this study is to propose an enhanced performance based ranking model to help users choose the best service they need. The proposed model combines the attributes and measurements from cloud computing field and the welldefined and established software engineering field. SMICloud Toolkit has been used to test the applicability of the proposed model. The experimentation results of the proposed model were promising.

  8. Exploring limits to market-based reform: managed competition and rehabilitation home care services in Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Glen E; Williams, A Paul

    2006-04-01

    The rise of neo-liberalism, which suggests that only markets can deliver maximum economic efficiency, has been a driving force behind the trend towards using market-based solutions to correct health care problems. However, the broad application of market-based reforms has tended to assume the presence of fully functioning markets. When there are barriers to markets functioning effectively, such as the absence of adequate competition, recourse to market-based solutions can be expected to produce less than satisfactory, if not paradoxical results. One such case is rehabilitation homecare in Ontario, Canada. In 1996, a "managed competition" model was introduced as part of a province-wide reform of home care in an attempt to encourage high quality at competitive prices. However, in the case of rehabilitation home care services, significant obstacles to achieving effective competition existed. Notably, there were few private provider agencies to bid on contracts due to the low volume and specialized nature of services. There were also structural barriers such as the presence of unionized employees and obstacles to the entry of new providers. This paper evaluates the impact of Ontario's managed competition reform on community-based rehabilitation services. It draws on data obtained through 49 in-depth key informant interviews and a telephone survey of home care coordinating agencies and private rehabilitation provider agencies. Instead of reducing costs and improving quality, as the political rhetoric promised, the analysis suggests that providing rehabilitation homecare services under managed competition resulted in higher per-visit costs and reduced access to services. These findings support the contention that there are limits to market-based reforms.

  9. FRAMEWORK: ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING IN SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Medianeira Stefano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Organizations have a constant need to be prepared to continue competing, which shows the search for alternatives for their stay in the market. It has become a common goal in today's business environment, to improve efficiency and restructure organization, turning it effective. In this context, information about costs has become increasingly important to support and justify the process of decision-making. This article is aimed at structuring a bibliography portfolio to treat the application of the ABC method in service and contribute to discussions within the scientific community. The methodology followed a three-stage procedure: Planning, execution and Synthesis. International databases were used to collect information (ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus. As a result, we obtained a bibliography portfolio of 21 articles (with scientific recognition dealing with the proposed theme.

  10. A Software Service Framework Model Based on Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an agent-based software service framework model called ASF, and definesthe basic concepts and structure of ASF model. It also describes the management and process mechanismsin ASF model.

  11. 48 CFR 936.7101 - Construction contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Inspection and Acceptance 936.7101 Construction contracts. (a) Inspection services may be performed by the architect-engineer responsible for the design. Inspection services may not be procured from a construction contractor with respect to its...

  12. Public Service Contracting-out:Theoretical Logic and Reform Practice%公共服务合同外包:理论逻辑与改革实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁红

    2015-01-01

    Different from the reform background of the western countries which mainl deal with crises of social welfare states, increase government efficiency and alleviate financial burdens, the Chinese government, from 1990s, started to pursue public service contracting-out in many fields of public service in the background of initiating people’ s liveli-hood finance, transforming government functions and stimulating the vigor of market and social institutions.In order to demonstrate the implementation of public service contracting-out in China, the paper firstly proposes that the theo-retical logic of contracting-out is to replace hierarchical governance with contract governance.Next, the paper analy-zes the realistic reasons of local governments pursuing contracting out in China for various reasons such as economic, political, social and management ones.Lastly the paper discusses the implementation of public service contracting-out in the aspects of what to contract out, who to get the contract, how to contract out and what effects of contracting-out.%不同于西方国家应对福利国家危机、提高政府服务效率与减轻财政负担的改革背景,中国政府自20世纪90年代中期以来,在倡导民生财政、转变政府职能、激发市场主体与社会活力的背景下,开始在各类公共服务领域广泛应用合同外包。为了探索中国的合同外包改革实践,从理论层面剖析合同外包的理论逻辑,指出合同外包体现着传统的等级治理模式向合同治理模式的重大转变,在实践层面上结合中国合同外包改革实践来分析中国各地方政府推行合同外包的经济、政治、社会与管理层面的动因,并进而从外包什么、外包给谁、怎样外包、外包效果四个方面来阐述合同外包在中国的实施情况。

  13. CVP Service Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Federal Water Contract Service Area boundaries are incorporated boundaries of districts having contracts with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), within...

  14. Location-Based Services and Privacy in Airports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, John Paulin; Alapetite, Alexandre; Andersen, Henning Boje

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a study of privacy concerns related to location-based services in an airport, where users who volunteer for the service will be tracked for a limited period and within a limited area. Reactions elicited from travellers at a field trial showed 60% feeling to some or to a large...... degree more secure with the system in operation. To provide a background for the privacy study we also describe services provided by the tracking facility and the infrastructure behind it as well as the design and evaluation activities we used. Based on project results including a large number...

  15. Privacy for location-based services

    CERN Document Server

    Ghinita, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Sharing of location data enables numerous exciting applications, such as location-based queries, location-based social recommendations, monitoring of traffic and air pollution levels, etc. Disclosing exact user locations raises serious privacy concerns, as locations may give away sensitive information about individuals' health status, alternative lifestyles, political and religious affiliations, etc. Preserving location privacy is an essential requirement towards the successful deployment of location-based applications. These lecture notes provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in locatio

  16. 77 FR 1039 - Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering AGENCY: Federal... rules that govern access to toll-free numbers by users of Internet- based Telecommunications Relay... an impact on any rules of particular applicability. Subject: Internet-Based Telecommunications...

  17. Smart learning services based on smart cloud computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Svetlana; Song, Su-Mi; Yoon, Yong-Ik

    2011-01-01

    Context-aware technologies can make e-learning services smarter and more efficient since context-aware services are based on the user's behavior. To add those technologies into existing e-learning services, a service architecture model is needed to transform the existing e-learning environment, which is situation-aware, into the environment that understands context as well. The context-awareness in e-learning may include the awareness of user profile and terminal context. In this paper, we propose a new notion of service that provides context-awareness to smart learning content in a cloud computing environment. We suggest the elastic four smarts (E4S)--smart pull, smart prospect, smart content, and smart push--concept to the cloud services so smart learning services are possible. The E4S focuses on meeting the users' needs by collecting and analyzing users' behavior, prospecting future services, building corresponding contents, and delivering the contents through cloud computing environment. Users' behavior can be collected through mobile devices such as smart phones that have built-in sensors. As results, the proposed smart e-learning model in cloud computing environment provides personalized and customized learning services to its users.

  18. An Analytical Model for Service Profile Based Service Quality of an Institutional eLibrary

    CERN Document Server

    Abbas, Ash Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    Devising a scheme for evaluating the service quality of an institutional electronic library is a difficult and challenging task. The challenge comes from the fact that the services provided by an institutional electronic library depend upon the contents requested by the users and the contents housed by the library. Different types of users might be interested in different types of contents. In this paper, we propose a technique for evaluating the service quality of an institutional electronic library. Our scheme is based on the service profiles of contents requested by the users at the server side which is hosted at the library. Further, we propose models to analyze the service quality of an electronic library. For analyzing the service quality, we present two analytical models. The first one is based on the number of days by which the item to be served by the library is delayed and the penalty points per day for the duration for which the item is delayed. The second model is based on the credits earned by th...

  19. A Novel Active Network Architecture Based on Extensible Services Router

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Active networks are a new kind of packet-switched networks in which packets have code fragments that are executed on the intermediary nodes (routers). The code can extend or modify the foundation architecture of a network. In this paper, the authors present a novel active network architecture combined with advantages of two major active networks technology based on extensible services router. The architecture consists of extensible service router, active extensible components server and key distribution center (KDC). Users can write extensible service components with programming interface. At the present time, we have finished the extensible services router prototype system based on Highly Efficient Router Operating System (HEROS), active extensible components server and KDC prototype system based on Linux.

  20. Electrical contracting

    CERN Document Server

    Neidle, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Electrical Contracting, Second Edition is a nine-chapter text guide for the greater efficiency in planning and completing installations for the design, installation and control of electrical contracts. This book starts with a general overview of the efficient cabling and techniques that must be employed for safe wiring design, as well as the cost estimation of the complete electrical contract. The subsequent chapters are devoted to other electrical contracting requirements, including electronic motor control, lighting, and electricity tariffs. A chapter focuses on the IEE Wiring Regulations an

  1. The Applicability of Performance-Based Acquisition Techniques to Level-of-Effort Services Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    nec.essacy? 0 Yesl o Nol 0 NIA Contractor Acquired Property validated and determined reasonable and necessary? 0 Yesi 0 Nol 0 NIA Subcontractor Labor...Hours/Labor Mi~ reported are consistent with the. work perfonned? 0 Yesi 0 Nol 0 NIA Any issues identified in the invoice. review will be

  2. SECURE SERVICE DISCOVERY BASED ON PROBE PACKET MECHANISM FOR MANETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Pariselvam

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In MANETs, Service discovery process is always considered to be crucial since they do not possess a centralized infrastructure for communication. Moreover, different services available through the network necessitate varying categories. Hence, a need arises for devising a secure probe based service discovery mechanism to reduce the complexity in providing the services to the network users. In this paper, we propose a Secure Service Discovery Based on Probe Packet Mechanism (SSDPPM for identifying the DoS attack in MANETs, which depicts a new approach for estimating the level of trust present in each and every routing path of a mobile ad hoc network by using probe packets. Probing based service discovery mechanisms mainly identifies a mobile node’s genuineness using a test packet called probe that travels the entire network for the sake of computing the degree of trust maintained between the mobile nodes and it’s attributed impact towards the network performance. The performance of SSDPPM is investigated through a wide range of network related parameters like packet delivery, throughput, Control overhead and total overhead using the version ns-2.26 network simulator. This mechanism SSDPPM, improves the performance of the network in an average by 23% and 19% in terms of packet delivery ratio and throughput than the existing service discovery mechanisms available in the literature.

  3. 基于双因素理论对提高合同制护士满意度的策略研究%Study of the strategies on contract nurses' job satisfaction improvement based on double- factor theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏雪梅; 李雪平; 李铁; 崔丽君

    2011-01-01

    Job satisfaction of contract nurses has been an important subject on modern hospital HR management. It has been the base of hospital service and its sustainable development and turned to be the main part to facilitate the patients' satisfaction and loyalty. Therefore, it is imperative to improve the satisfaction of contract nurses. Based on Herzberg's Double-factor Theory, this essay analyzed the key elements that affect contract nurses' job satisfaction. Moreover, it also studied two main strategies for the improvement of contract nurses' satisfaction. The first is the theory of exerting the factor of health care, which helps divert contract nurses from dissatisfaction to satisfaction without any incompatibility. The second is to enhance the effect of motive factor, diverting contract nurses from satisfaction absence to highly rated satisfaction.%合同制护士满意度已经成为现代医院人力资源管理的一个重要课题,是医院运行和持续发展的基石,也是促进患者满意度和忠诚度的主力军.可见,提高合同制护士满意度势在必行.基于赫茨伯格的双因素理论,分析影响合同制护士满意度的主要因素及提高合同制护士满意度的两大策略:一是运用保健因素原理,使合同制护士由不满意转向没有不满意;二是增强激励因素的作用,使合同制护士由没有满意度转向高满意度.

  4. Service encounters as bases for innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundbo, Jon; Sundbo, Donna; Henten, Anders

    2015-01-01

    between employees and customers, employees investing stubbornness and time can be a driver for innovation, and several layers of management can be a barrier. In the field experiments three new factors for encounter-based innovation were found: translation, multitasking, and hyper-professionalism. The two...

  5. SDAA: Towards Service Discovery Anywhere Anytime Mobile Based Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehedi Masud

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing on-demand service based on customers' current location is an urgent need for many societies and individuals. Specially, for woman, elderly people, single mother, sick people, etc. Considering the need of providing localized services, this paper proposes a mobile application framework that allows an individual to receive services from his neighborhood peers anywhere anytime. The application allows an individual to find and select reliable service providers near his location. The application will provide an opportunity to the interested individuals to use their free time for providing services to the community and earn some extra money. This application will benefit many stakeholders like elderly people, women at home, a person while traveling in an unknown place, etc. A prototype application is developed and empirical evaluation is considered to find the qualitative measures of the users' acceptability and satisfaction of the application. It is observed that users' satisfaction is high.

  6. Mobile Police Information System Based on Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The demand for communications anywhere, anytime, and on any device without recording the date is growing with the development of modern information technologies. Current wireless communications enable people to freely exchange information, while web services provide loosely-coupled, language-neutral, and platform-independent ways of linking applications within organizations, across enterprises, and across the Internet. This paper describes a mobile information system for police service, which integrates wireless communication technologies and web service technologies. The system satisfies the special demands of police information systems, such as security and interoperability. Policemen in the system can use various kinds of mobile terminals, such as mobile phones, tablet PCs, personal digital assistants, and laptops equipped with wireless LAN or GPRS to access data in the central database. The system is based on web services with a secure web service architecture and simple object access protocol message passing.

  7. A threshold-based approach for muscle contraction detection from surface EMG signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morantes, Gaudi; Fernández, Gerardo; Altuve, Miguel

    2013-11-01

    Surface electromyographic (SEMG) signals are commonly used as control signals in prosthetic and orthotic devices. Super cial electrodes are placed on the skin of the subject to acquire its muscular activity through this signal. The muscle contraction episode is then in charge of activating and deactivating these devices. Nevertheless, there is no gold standard" to detect muscle contraction, leading to delayed responses and false and missed detections. This fact motivated us to propose a new approach that compares a smoothed version of the SEMG signal with a xed threshold, in order to detect muscle contraction episodes. After preprocessing the SEMG signal, the smoothed version is obtained using a moving average lter, where three di erent window lengths has been evaluated. The detector was tuned by maximizing sensitivity and speci city and evaluated using SEMG signals obtained from the anterior tibial and gastrocnemius muscles, taken during the walking of ve subjects. Compared with traditional detection methods, we obtain a reduction of 3 ms in the detection delay, an increase of 8% in sensitivity but a decrease of 15% in speci city. Future work is directed to the inclusion of a temporal threshold (a double-threshold approach) to minimize false detections and reduce detection delays.

  8. Fuzzy contractibility

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNER, Erdal

    2007-01-01

    Abstract. In this paper, .rstly some fundamental concepts are included re- lating to fuzzy topological spaces. Secondly, the fuzzy connected set is intro- duced. Finally, de.ning fuzzy contractible space, it is shown that X is a fuzzy contractible space if and only if X is fuzzy homotopic equivalent with a fuzzy single-point space.

  9. ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION PLATFORM BASED ON SERVICE- ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xiaojun; ZHANG Xu; NING Ruxin; SONG Yu

    2008-01-01

    To achieve information integration, process integration and application integration of enterprise, an enterprise integration platform (EIP) based on service-oriented architecture (SOA) is built. The enterprise integration model depending on encapsulating the business processes as well as the enterprise applications by the neutral and standard web services is presented. The problem how to discover the existed enterprise resources and share them was resolved depending on the mechanism of publishing and discovering the services. The EIP is integrated closely with product lifecycle management (PLM) system so that the process integration as well as orchestration of the business process services is implemented by encapsulating the workflow engine of PLM system. Not only process integration and application integration, but also information integration based on the bill of material (BOM) conversion driven by process are achieved. Finally, an interpretive, qualitative case study on EIP is conducted for this research.

  10. Multidimensional Data Modeling For Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Kligys, Augustas; Pedersen, Torben Bach;

    2004-01-01

    and requests of their users in multidimensional databases, i.e., data warehouses, and content delivery may be based on the results of complex queries on these data warehouses. Such queries aggregate detailed data in order to find useful patterns, e.g., in the interaction of a particular user with the services......With the recent and continuing advances in areas such as wireless communications and positioning technologies, mobile, location-based services are becoming possible. Such services deliver location-dependent content to their users. More specifically, these services may capture the movements....... The application of multidimensional technology in this context poses a range of new challenges. The specific challenge addressed here concerns the provision of an appropriate multidimensional data model. In particular, the paper extends an existing multidimensional data model and algebraic query language...

  11. Multidimensional Data Modeling For Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Kligys, A.; Pedersen, Torben Bach;

    2003-01-01

    and requests of their users in multidimensional databases, i.e., data warehouses; and content delivery may be based on the results of complex queries on these data warehouses. Such queries aggregate detailed data in order to find useful patterns, e.g., in the interaction of a particular user with the services......With the recent and continuing advances in areas such as wireless communications and positioning technologies, mobile, location-based services are becoming possible. Such services deliver location-dependent content to their users. More specifically, these services may capture the movements....... The application of multidimensional technology in this context poses a range of new challenges. The specific challenge addressed here concerns the provision of an appropriate multidimensional data model. In particular, the paper extends an existing multidimensional data model and algebraic query language...

  12. Multilevel Contracts for Trusted Components

    CERN Document Server

    Messabihi, Mohamed; Attiogbé, Christian; 10.4204/EPTCS.37.6

    2010-01-01

    This article contributes to the design and the verification of trusted components and services. The contracts are declined at several levels to cover then different facets, such as component consistency, compatibility or correctness. The article introduces multilevel contracts and a design+verification process for handling and analysing these contracts in component models. The approach is implemented with the COSTO platform that supports the Kmelia component model. A case study illustrates the overall approach.

  13. Shared energy savings (SES) contracting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldridge, D.R. Jr. [Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville, AL (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This paper discusses the use of a Shared Energy Savings (SES) contract as the procurement vehicle to provide, install, and maintain closed-loop ground-coupled heat pumps (CLGCHP`s) for 4,003 family-housing units at Fort Polk, Louisiana. In addition to the requirement relative to heat pumps, the contract allows the energy service company (ESCO) to propose additional projects needed to take full advantage of energy cost-saving opportunities that may exist at Fort Polk. The paper traces the development of the SES contract from feasibility study through development of the request for proposal (RFP) to contract award and implementation. In tracing this development, technical aspects of the project are set forth and various benefits inherent in SES contracting are indicated. The paper concludes that, due to the positive motivation inherent in the shared-savings, as well as partnering aspects of SES contracts, SES contracting is well suited to use as a procurement vehicle.

  14. A strategy for service realization in service-oriented design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jing; HE Jifeng; LIU Zhiming

    2006-01-01

    Recently service orientation is becoming a mainstream approach for building large scale software systems. A key requirement in service-oriented design is the dependability of service. It stipulates that the behavior of services is controllable. Formal models can aid in constructing software in a dependable manner. They can describe services precisely and compose them together consistently. This paper presents a strategy for service realization based on a novel layered formal model. When a service is provided or required via internet, the semantic consistency becomes critical issue. Our architecture tackles the issue by proposing a novel scheme: defining contract of a service to keep semantic information. Although service-oriented design is our prime target, the contract models, to a large extent, are independent of the framework of design and therefore applicable to large scale software design in general.

  15. SODIM: Service Oriented Data Integration based on MapReduce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada ElSheikh

    2013-09-01

    Data integration systems can benefit from innovative dynamic infrastructure solutions such as Clouds, with its more agility, lower cost, device independency, location independency, and scalability. This study consolidates the data integration system, Service Orientation, and distributed processing to develop a new data integration system called Service Oriented Data Integration based on MapReduce (SODIM that improves the system performance, especially with large number of data sources, and that can efficiently be hosted on modern dynamic infrastructures as Clouds.

  16. Developing internet-based health services in health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leskinen, Salme; Häyrinen, Kristiina; Saranto, Kaija; Ensio, Anneli

    2009-01-01

    It is often said that we are living in an information society and information technology (IT) is a normal part of life in many fields. But IT is not used effectively in health care. The purpose of this study was to survey what kind of Internet-based health services and related electronic services are offered to clients by the web-pages of health care organizations in Finland.

  17. 76 FR 59551 - Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ...] Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION... to improve assignment of telephone numbers associated with Internet-based Telecommunications Relay... standard for Wired Telecommunications Carriers, which consists of all such firms having 1,500 or...

  18. Innovation from the ICT-based service encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders

    2012-01-01

    The pupose of the paper is to develop a framework for analyzing the dynamics of innovations emanating from the ICT-based service encounters. Many innovations are based on the direct encounter between employees and customers, and the paper aims to extend the analysis of such encounters to ICT...

  19. A Novel Testing Model for SOA based Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture filled the gap between software and commercial enterprise. SOA integrates multiple web services. We bear to secure the caliber of web services that gives guarantee about what network services work and their output results. There is close to work has to be performed for an automatic test case generation for SOA based services. But, full coverage of XML elements is missing. To the best of our knowledge this all works do not attempt to cover all possible elements of the XML schema presents in the WSDL file. There is also a need to apply different assertions on each service operation for generating the test cases. To overcome this problem we proposed a novel testing model for SOA based application. This new testing model helps us to get the automatic test cases of SOA based application. We build up our new test model with the aid of our proposed test case generation algorithm and test case selection algorithm. In the end, we generate the test suite execution results and find the coverage of XML schema elements present in the WSDL file.

  20. A Different Web-Based Geocoding Service Using Fuzzy Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahlavani, P.; Abbaspour, R. A.; Zare Zadiny, A.

    2015-12-01

    Geocoding - the process of finding position based on descriptive data such as address or postal code - is considered as one of the most commonly used spatial analyses. Many online map providers such as Google Maps, Bing Maps and Yahoo Maps present geocoding as one of their basic capabilities. Despite the diversity of geocoding services, users usually face some limitations when they use available online geocoding services. In existing geocoding services, proximity and nearness concept is not modelled appropriately as well as these services search address only by address matching based on descriptive data. In addition there are also some limitations in display searching results. Resolving these limitations can enhance efficiency of the existing geocoding services. This paper proposes the idea of integrating fuzzy technique with geocoding process to resolve these limitations. In order to implement the proposed method, a web-based system is designed. In proposed method, nearness to places is defined by fuzzy membership functions and multiple fuzzy distance maps are created. Then these fuzzy distance maps are integrated using fuzzy overlay technique for obtain the results. Proposed methods provides different capabilities for users such as ability to search multi-part addresses, searching places based on their location, non-point representation of results as well as displaying search results based on their priority.

  1. A DIFFERENT WEB-BASED GEOCODING SERVICE USING FUZZY TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pahlavani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Geocoding – the process of finding position based on descriptive data such as address or postal code - is considered as one of the most commonly used spatial analyses. Many online map providers such as Google Maps, Bing Maps and Yahoo Maps present geocoding as one of their basic capabilities. Despite the diversity of geocoding services, users usually face some limitations when they use available online geocoding services. In existing geocoding services, proximity and nearness concept is not modelled appropriately as well as these services search address only by address matching based on descriptive data. In addition there are also some limitations in display searching results. Resolving these limitations can enhance efficiency of the existing geocoding services. This paper proposes the idea of integrating fuzzy technique with geocoding process to resolve these limitations. In order to implement the proposed method, a web-based system is designed. In proposed method, nearness to places is defined by fuzzy membership functions and multiple fuzzy distance maps are created. Then these fuzzy distance maps are integrated using fuzzy overlay technique for obtain the results. Proposed methods provides different capabilities for users such as ability to search multi-part addresses, searching places based on their location, non-point representation of results as well as displaying search results based on their priority.

  2. CONTRACT FARMING PRACTICE IN INDIAN PUNJAB: FARMERS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivedita Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the status quo of contract farming in Indian Punjab from the farmers‟ perspective. The analysis is based on the field survey of three districts of the state covering 300 contract farmers. It is observed that agribusiness normalization has taken hold of the CF practice and farmers are facing its brunt. Withdrawal of extension services, reneging on prices and procurement are the major issues afflicting CF. Lack of adjudication is making contract farming exploitative in approach and the study recommends vigilant and strong intervention of the government.

  3. Regulation, service contract, directional information system. Considerations on the waste sector; Regolamentazione, contratto di servizio, sistema informativo direzionale. Considerazioni sul settore dei rifiuti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldini, D; Calonaci, M. [Consorzio Quadrifoglio, Florence (Italy)

    2000-02-01

    The reform of the waste sector's regulatory framework requires firms to make significant cultural changes in pursuing critical success factors. Such changes imply not only a quantitative increase in information needs resulting form the creation of a regulatory authority, dealing with the planning and monitoring of the performance of operators, but more importantly imply a substantial qualitative upgrading of the information provided. In the light of this new approach, the service contract represents the main instrument for regulating the relationship between the various local authorities and the firms who manage the services. As the main outlines of the reform have emerged, the Consorzio Quadrifoglio has launched a project to review and improve its own monitoring and management systems. The present article deals with the methodological difficulties encountered along the way and the solutions which have been adopted to arrive a new management information system. [Italian] La riforma della regolamentazione del settore dei rifiuti impone alle imprese un significativo cambiamento culturale con riferimento ai fattori critici di successo. Il cambiamento si traduce non solo in un aumento del fabbisogno informativo, conseguente alla creazione di autorita' di controllo e quindi alle nuove necessita' di pianificazione e controllo dell'attivita' dei gestori, ma anche in una sua sostanziale riqualificazione. Nel nuovo approccio, il contratto di servizio rappresenta lo strumento cardine per la regolazione dei rapporti tra ente locale e le aziende che gestiscono i servizi. Il Consorzio Quadrifoglio, una volta delineatisi gli indirizzi del disegno di riforma, ha avviato un progetto di revisione dei propri strumenti di controllo di gestione. L'articolo riporta le difficolta' metodologiche e le soluzioni adottate per la creazione di un nuovo sistema informativo direzionale.

  4. 高校依法订立技术合同浅谈%A Brief Discussion on Law-based Signing of Technology Contract in High Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张潘宏; 王新德

    2001-01-01

    Based on the case study about contract-embarrassment oftechnology development happened in an university,it discusses the law problems in signing technology contracts,and suggests some countermeasures for strengthening law-based technology contracts.%通过某高校技术开发合同纠纷案,探讨订立技术合同应注意的法律问题,提出加强依法订立技术合同的对策措施。

  5. Flood Insurance Rate Maps and Base Flood Elevations, FIRM, DFIRM, BFE, contract to updata FEMA data due 2009, Published in unknown, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Flood Insurance Rate Maps and Base Flood Elevations, FIRM, DFIRM, BFE dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'contract to updata FEMA data due 2009'. Data by...

  6. Flood Insurance Rate Maps and Base Flood Elevations, FIRM, DFIRM, BFE, contract to updata FEMA data due 2009, Published in 2009, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Flood Insurance Rate Maps and Base Flood Elevations, FIRM, DFIRM, BFE dataset as of 2009. It is described as 'contract to updata FEMA data due 2009'. Data by...

  7. Integrating identity-based cryptography in IMS service authentication

    CERN Document Server

    Abid, Mohamed; Moustafa, Hassnaa; Afifi, Hossam

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a promising research field. Many ongoing works related to the security and the performances of its employment are presented to the research community. Although, the security and data privacy aspects are very important in the IMS global objectives, they observe little attention so far. Secure access to multimedia services is based on SIP and HTTP digest on top of IMS architecture. The standard deploys AKA-MD5 for the terminal authentication. The third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) provided Generic Bootstrapping Architecture (GBA) to authenticate the subscriber before accessing multimedia services over HTTP. In this paper, we propose a new IMS Service Authentication scheme using Identity Based cryptography (IBC). This new scheme will lead to better performances when there are simultaneous authentication requests using Identity-based Batch Verification. We analyzed the security of our new protocol and we presented a performance evaluation of its cryptographi...

  8. INTEGRATING IDENTITY-BASED CRYPTOGRAPHY IN IMS SERVICE AUTHENTICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Abid

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS is a promising research field. Many ongoing works related to the security and the performances of its employment are presented to the research community. Although, the security and data privacy aspects are very important in the IMS global objectives, they observe little attention so far. Secure access to multimedia services is based on SIP and HTTP digest on top of IMS architecture. The standard deploys AKA-MD5 for the terminal authentication. The third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP provided Generic Bootstrapping Architecture (GBA toauthenticate the subscriber before accessing multimedia services over HTTP. In this paper, we propose a new IMS Service Authentication scheme using Identity Based cryptography (IBC. This new scheme willlead to better performances when there are simultaneous authentication requests using Identity-based Batch Verification. We analyzed the security of our new protocol and we presented a performance evaluation of its cryptographic operations.

  9. A Scalable Testing Framework for Location-Based Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Yu; Andrew Tappenden; James Miller; Michael Smith

    2009-01-01

    A novel testing framework for location based services is introduced. In particular, the paper showcases a novel architecture for such a framework. The implementation of the framework illustrates both the functionality and the feasibility of the framework proposed and the utility of the architecture. The new framework is evaluated through comparison to several other methodologies currently available for the testing of location-based applications. A case study is presented in which the testing framework was applied to a typical mobile service tracking system. It is concluded that the proposed testing framework achieves the best coverage of the entire location based service testing problem of the currently available methodologies; being equipped to test the widest array of application attributes and allowing for the automation of testing activities.

  10. Towards structural Web Services matching based on Kernel methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NAN Kai; YU Jianjun; SU Hao; GUO Shengmin; ZHANG Hui; XU Ke

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes a kernel methods based Web Services matching mechanism for Web Services discovery and integration.The matching mechanism tries to exploit the latent semantics by the structure of Web Services.In this paper,Web Services are schemed by WSDL(Web Services Description Language)as tree-structured XML documents,and their matching degree is calculated by our novel algorithm designed for loosely tree matching against the traditional methods.In order to achieve the task,we bring forward the concept of path subsequence to model WSDL documents in the vector space.Then,an advanced n-spectrum kernel function is defined,so that the similarity of two WSDL documents can be drawn by implementing the kernel function in the space.Using textual similarity and n-spectrum kernel values as features of low-level and mid-level,we build up a model to estimate the functional similarity between Web Services,whose parameters are learned by a ranking-SVM.Finally,a set of experiments were designed to verify the model,and the results showed that several metrics for the retrieval of Web Services have been improved by our approach.

  11. Operation Modes of Outsourcing Contracts in Global Public Service and Their Comparative Studies%全球公共服务合同外包的运作模式及其比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁红

    2015-01-01

    不同于西方国家削减政府规模、节省成本与提高政府服务效率的的改革动因与成熟的官僚制背景,中国的公共服务合同外包是在转变政府职能、创新社会管理方式与培育社会力量的大背景下逐渐兴起且日益繁荣,有着其特定的运行方式与运作特征。为了考察中国的公共服务合同外包改革实践,特区分出三种运作模式:竞争模式、谈判模式与体制内外包模式,并借助三个典型案例来对三种运作模式的实际运作过程与改革效果等展开分析与比较,发现三种模式各有其生存土壤与运行效果。在改革实践中地方政府应该根据管理情境而选择适当的运作模式。%Quite different from the western countries' well-developed bureaucracy and their reform motivations to streamline the government,save costs and promote efficiency of the government service, China's outsourcing contracts of public service with their typical operation modes and features gradually rise and increasingly flourish with the change of the government's functions,the innovation of the social management styles and the cultivation of social powers.In order to explore the reform practice of China's outsourcing contracts of public service,the present paper has made distinction between three operation modes:competition mode,negotiation mode,outsourcing mode within the system.With three typical cases,the analyses and comparisons have been made as to the modes'operation processes and their reform effects.The findings show the survival bases and the operation effects of the three modes. Therefore,the local governments should choose the proper operation modes in light of the management situations in their reform practices.

  12. E-Supply Chain Incentive and Coordination Based on Revenue Sharing Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常志平; 蒋馥

    2004-01-01

    This paper took the buyer-biased electronic market as an example, where multiple suppliers selling short-life-cycle products are bidding for an order from a powerful buyer with stochastic customer demand. It used a single period newsvendor model to analyze the decision of supplied and buyers to do or not do business online. The results suggest that lack of Incentive is the key factor of B2B electronic markets failure. At the same time, it designed a revenue sharing contract to coordinate the E-supply chain in order to prevent failure of E-market.

  13. On Meaning, Nature and Legal Application of Matchmaking Service Contract%对婚介服务合同含义、性质及其法律适用的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春普; 张亮亮

    2012-01-01

    The matchmaking service contract is an agreement for setting up, changing or terminating the rights and obligations when the matchmaking service provider introduces the spouse to the client. It has the characteristics of certain personality, the uncertainty of achieving purpose and the formation standard of clauses. Matchmaking service contract is an atypical contract, which is a mixture of intermediation contract and commission contract. At present, with the lack of specific legal provisions in matchmaking service in China, the disputes are greatly increasing about the marriage entrustment cheating, the arbitrary termination of contacts or the return of matchmaking fee. Therefore, it is necessary to apply corresponding legal norm to the resolution of the disputes according to analogizing application principle.%婚介服务合同是指婚介服务提供方为征婚者介绍配偶过程中,双方设立、变更、终止权利义务关系的协议。它具有一定的人身专属性、目的实现的不确定性和条款形成的格式性。婚介服务合同属于无名合同,是一种兼具居间和委托性质的混合合同。目前,由于我国缺乏具体的法律规定,在婚介服务中,婚托、任意解除及服务费用返还等纠纷与日俱增。对此,可以依据“类推适用说”适用相应的法律规范。

  14. INDEFINITE CONTRACT REVIEW 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The Director-General has decided to review staff members in professional categories 2 to 5 satisfying the criteria for consideration for the award of an indefinite contract, in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. Staff members holding a fixed-term contract which it has been decided not to renew will not be considered. The following stages are foreseen: 1. Candidates qualifying for review in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations and the Administrative Circular N° 9 will be contacted by Human Resources Division. 2. The criteria as to when staff members qualify for review are described in Administrative Circular N° 9. These include the following: staff members who are in their fourth year of service on a fixed-term contract; in addition, for staff members having three years or more of previous relevant service in the Organization on a contract of limited duration (or term-contract) and upon proposal by the division leader concerned, consideration fo...

  15. INDEFINITE CONTRACT REVIEW 2000

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

    The Director-General has decided to review staff members in professional categories 2 to 5 satisfying the criteria for consideration for the award of an indefinite contract, in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. Staff members holding a fixed-term contract which it has been decided not to renew will not be considered. The following stages are foreseen:1.\tCandidates qualifying for review in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations and the Administrative Circular N° 9 will be contacted by Human Resources Division. 2.\tThe criteria as to when staff members qualify for review are described in Administrative Circular N° 9. These include the following:staff members who are in their fourth year of service on a fixed-term contract;in addition, for staff members having three years or more of previous relevant service in the Organization on a contract of limited duration (or term-contract) and upon proposal by the division leader concerned, consid...

  16. A service based interface for scientific data retrieval

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bluhm, Torsten, E-mail: torsten.bluhm@ipp.mpg.d [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, TI Greifswald, Wendelsteinstrasse 1, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Jacob, Sven [Fachhochschule Stralsund, Zur Schwedenschanze 15, D-18435 Stralsund (Germany); Werner, Andreas [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, TI Greifswald, Wendelsteinstrasse 1, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Heimann, Peter [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Hennig, Christine; Kuehner, Georg [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, TI Greifswald, Wendelsteinstrasse 1, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Kroiss, Hugo [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Laqua, Heike; Lewerentz, Marc [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, TI Greifswald, Wendelsteinstrasse 1, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Maier, Josef [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Riemann, Heike; Schacht, Joerg; Spring, Anett [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, TI Greifswald, Wendelsteinstrasse 1, D-17491 Greifswald (Germany); Zilker, Manfred [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    Retrieval of scientific data at large fusion experiments is an important but surprisingly complicated task. There are many different data storage systems that have to be accessed using different software interfaces on varying platforms. With MDS+ a respectable approach towards a more standardised and simplified data access interface was started. However, it has its drawbacks regarding continuously acquired data and provides a whole data storage system rather than only an interface, which is not always demanded. Therefore, a data access interface based on service oriented technologies has been developed aiming for a more standardised and platform independent solution. The contribution will describe the current status of this development. It will explain the interface itself including the WSDL (Web Service Description Language) definition and show currently existing service implementations for the Wendelstein 7-X and the Wendelstein 7-AS data storage systems. Furthermore different possibilities to access the services on the client side will be discussed.

  17. Examining the Determinants of Mobile Location-based Services' Continuance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehrer, Christiane; Constantiou, Ioanna; Hess, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    true for consumer-oriented services, which rely on advertising, or subscription-based revenue models. In this paper, we investigate the determinants of location-based services (LBS) continuance as a relevant case study for the examination of IS continuance generally. A research model is developed...... and empirically tested through a survey of a representative sample in Germany. The proposed model builds on and extends the Limayem et al. model of IS continuance. Our analysis highlights the importance of habit and emotion in LBS continuance. The results indicate that habit has a stronger predictive power than...

  18. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Performance-Based Contracts Version 4.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-11-02

    Document outlines the Federal Energy Management Program's standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  19. Contract Design for Service Outsourcing under Joint Production Perspective%合作生产视角下的服务外包契约设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宗明; 杜荣; 廖貅武

    2014-01-01

    考虑一个客户企业与一个服务商共同努力实现服务外包项目价值的缔约问题,服务参与双方努力程度的无法验证和服务商可能拥有私有成本信息会降低服务绩效,导致服务外包失败。针对双方努力程度无法验证和服务商拥有私有信息这两类风险因素,建立甄别服务商私有信息的委托代理模型,分析非对称信息下的最优契约,刻画了合作生产性质服务外包环境特点对两类风险因素带来的不利效应的影响。研究结果表明,在服务商成本信息对称情形下,激励共享仅受合作双方的相对重要性的影响;而在服务商成本信息不对称情形下,低成本类型服务商的激励共享不变,高成本类型服务商的激励共享还与两种类型服务商的分布和成本差异相关。服务商的重要性越高,服务商私有信息带来的损失越高;服务商与客户企业的重要性相差不大时,努力程度不可验证带来的损失较高。%This article analyzes the contracting issues arising in service outsourcing where the service output depends on the joint effort of a client and a vendor, and unverifiablity of their effort and vendor′s private cost information will result in poor perform-ance and failure of the outsourcing.To address these two risk factors, i.e., unverifiablity of effort and vendor′s private informa-tion, we propose a principal-agent model to reveal the private information of the vendor, and then we analyze the optimal contract under asymmetric information, at last we investigate the service environment characteristics′impact on the adverse effects of the two risk factors.The results indicate that under symmetric cost information the incentive share only depends on the relative impor-tance of the collaborative parties.However, when the vendor has private cost information, the incentive share of low cost vendor remains the same as that under symmetric information

  20. EnviroAtlas - Ecosystem Services Market-Based Programs Web Service, U.S., 2016, Forest Trends' Ecosystem Marketplace

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas web service contains layers depicting market-based programs and projects addressing ecosystem services protection in the United States. Layers...