WorldWideScience

Sample records for based service contracts

  1. Contract-based Internet Service Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Schneider, Gerardo;

    The fast evolution of the Internet has popularized service-oriented architectures dynamic IT-supported inter-business collaborations. Yet, interoperability between different organizations, requires contracts to reduce risks. Thus, high-level models of contracts are making their way into service...... may guide the developer in the production of contract-aware applications. We concentrate on contracts dealing with performance (real-time) and information flow (confidentiality)....

  2. A middleware for building contract-aware agent-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Confalonieri, Roberto; Álvarez Napagao, Sergio; Panagiotidi, Sofia; Vázquez Salceda, Javier; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a middleware to help designers in the implementation of contract-aware agent-based services. The middleware provides several components, including a contract manager, a communication manager and a workflow manager, which combine to allow agents to manage contracts and the actions associated with them. The middleware is built as part of a Web service implementation of the ISTCONTRACT framework. An electronic commerce example is used to illustrate how the components of...

  3. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating that...

  4. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new...... theoretical ‘contract management model' and a ‘mature contract model', and explores the mechanisms, formal rules and informal norms that influence the way governments contract for public services. This book is essential reading for all students of public management and all public service managers....

  5. Coordination mechanism of SaaS service supply chain: Based on compensation contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanli Guo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to build new contracts theories of SaaS service supply chain. Software as a Service (SaaS has become a hot topic in this industry . Compared with traditional manufacturing supply chain and general service supply chain, the new IT service supply chain which based on SaaS has characteristics of both service and IT. And SaaS is completely different from traditional software package model. Therefore the classic contracts, which be widely used in traditional manufacturing supply chain, can’t be directly applied in SaaS service supply chain. The necessary way of IT services developing is to study the SaaS service supply chain combining with characteristics of SaaS. Therefore, It focuses on the coordination of SaaS service supply chain. Design/methodology/approach: It tries to answer the following question: how do the ISV motivate SaaS operators to improve the service level through effective contracts mechanism under conditions of asymmetric information. In order to answer these questions, this paper does some researches including: Under the conditions of information asymmetry, supposing the service level (is related to the degree of effort of SaaS operator was private information, we construct model of compensation contract, i.e., to motivate SaaS operator to improve service level through transfer payments of compensation price. Findings and Originality/value: The study finds out that when ISV get to “positive feedback”, instead of the traditional market equilibrium, compensation contract (linear can coordinate satisfactorily the SaaS service supply chain. In the point of “positive feedback”, the marginal revenue equals the marginal cost, but it is not the equilibrium of ISV’profit-maximization. Research limitations/implications: There are some limitations in this research. In the linear compensation contracts, the compensation price is fixed value. If in the contract, we can create a change value

  6. Cream-skimming, parking and other intended and unintended effects of performance-based contracting in social welfare services

    OpenAIRE

    Koning, Pierre; Carolyn J. Heinrich

    2010-01-01

    We analyze the incentive effects of performance-based contracts, as well as their impacts on provider job placement rates, using unique data on Dutch cohorts of unemployed and disabled workers that were assigned to private social-welfare providers in 2002-2005. In a growing number of countries, the delivery of social-welfare services is contracted out to private providers, and increasingly so using performance-based contracts. Critics of performance-based incentive contracts stress their pote...

  7. A Three-Level Process Framework for Contract-Based Dynamic Service Outsourcing

    OpenAIRE

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2001-01-01

    Service outsourcing is the business paradigm, in which an organization has part of its business process performed by a service provider. In dynamic markets, service providers are selected on the fly during process enactment. The cooperation between the parties is specified in a dynamically made electronic contract. This contract includes a process specification that is tailored towards service matchmaking and crossorganizational process enactment and hence has to conform to specific market an...

  8. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  9. Compositionality and Compatibility of Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    has arisen to have a detailed contract specification and of course verification for these service contracts in order to ensure a more reliable and dependable application. Two different web services from two different platforms or from two different organizations should be able to inter-operate based...

  10. US Forest Service Stewardship Contracting

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the locations of activities within the Stewardship Contracting Project Boundary. Activities are implemented through stewardship...

  11. Contracting for intensive care services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorman, S

    1996-01-01

    Purchasers will increasingly expect clinical services in the NHS internal market to provide objective measures of their benefits and cost effectiveness in order to maintain or develop current funding levels. There is limited scientific evidence to demonstrate the clinical effectiveness of intensive care services in terms of mortality/morbidity. Intensive care is a high-cost service and studies of cost-effectiveness need to take account of case-mix variations, differences in admission and discharge policies, and other differences between units. Decisions over development or rationalisation of intensive care services should be based on proper outcome studies of well defined patient groups. The purchasing function itself requires development in order to support effective contracting. PMID:9873335

  12. Contracting and Procurement for Evidence-Based Interventions in Public-Sector Human Services: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willging, Cathleen E; Aarons, Gregory A; Trott, Elise M; Green, Amy E; Finn, Natalie; Ehrhart, Mark G; Hecht, Debra B

    2016-09-01

    Sustainment of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) in human services depends on the inner context of community-based organizations (CBOs) that provide services and the outer context of their broader environment. Increasingly, public officials are experimenting with contracting models from for-profit industries to procure human services. In this case study, we conducted qualitative interviews with key government and CBO stakeholders to examine implementation of the Best Value-Performance Information Procurement System to contract for EBIs in a child welfare system. Findings suggest that stakeholder relationships may be compromised when procurement disregards local knowledge, communication, collaboration, and other factors supporting EBIs and public health initiatives. PMID:26386977

  13. 77 FR 37907 - Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ...; Service Contracting AGENCIES: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services Administration (GSA), and... requirement concerning service contracting. Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether this...- 0152, Service Contracting, by any of the following methods: Regulations.gov :...

  14. Coordinating a Service Supply Chain under Arms Offset Program’s Intervention by Performance-Based Contracting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kuei Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates a support service supply chain for coordinating with a local third-party logistics provider by arms offset program’s intervention and develops a performance-based contracting framework for the coordinating problem, which remains scarce in the literatures. The performance-based contracting framework evaluates payments and profits for the support service by a game-theoretical approach with principal-agent model. We prove that the proposed framework is an effective tool in acquiring the balance between maximum profit and minimum payment for both parties in the coordinating problem without moral hazard issue. A numerical study consolidates the formulated schemes as contracting preference for both parties’ decision with a higher profit margin at a lower customer’s payment.

  15. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  16. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  17. Optimal Cost Avoidance Investment and Pricing Strategies for Performance-Based Post-Production Service Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    David Nowicki; Jose Ramirez-Marquez; Wesley Randall; Ilona Murynets

    2011-01-01

    Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program) Performance-based contracting (PBC) is altering the fundamental relationship between buyers and suppliers engaged in the support of capital-intensive systems such as high-speed rail, defense, and power generation. This relationship is shifting from a traditional transactional-based (return on sales) business approach to a collaborative, performance-based (return on investment) multi-year contractual model. With PBC, the supplier is com...

  18. Consistency Checking of Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M. Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    Behavioural properties are analyzed for web service contracts formulated in Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) and Choreography Description Language (CDL). The key result reported is an automated technique to check consistency between protocol aspects of the contracts. The contracts are...

  19. Energy service contracting in DOD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) annually consumes about $3 Billion in energy to operate facilities at military installations worldwide, representing about 80% of utility operating expense for all Federal facilities. Recent legislation and a Presidential Executive Order have directed DOD by Fiscal Year 2000 to reduce facility energy consumption by 20%, from the level of energy used in Fiscal Year 1985. To achieve this goal it is estimated that energy efficiency improvement investments between $2-3 billion would be required. Considering the competition for resources within DOD as it experiences downsizing and restructuring, DOD will need to seek opportunities to tap alternative investment strategies through energy service contracting to leverage Federal resources. Shared Energy Savings and Operations and Maintenance Energy Services contracting activities in the Department of the Navy will be used to address how such acquisition methods can contribute to achieving DOD energy efficiency goals

  20. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The inventory includes service contract... at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html . From this page... inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY 2010. The...

  1. Contract process based on bid preparation for NSSS design and related services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system design of the Nuclear Steam Supply Systems is performed through the contract between buyer and contractor. Accordingly, the success or failure of the projects may be decided by the contents of these contracts. Main processes for a Nuclear Power Plant contract are issuance of RFP (ITB) by buyer, submittal of proposal by bidder, evaluation of bidder's proposal by buyer, contract negotiation between buyer and bidder and contract between buyer and bidder. It is important that the proposal shall be prepared faithfully according to the RFP. For this, the bidder needs to review and to analyze in depth the buyer's RFP, with consideration of its capability and previous contracts documents. It is important that the negotiation process provide profit incentive to the both buyer and bidder for the contract to be a success. 8 tabs., 11 refs. (Author)

  2. Swiss Contracting: Forum for energy services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss Contracting organisation is presented. The aims of the organisation - the promotion of contracting solutions for energy supply and energy saving installations - are described and the chances and risks in connection with the opening of the electricity market considered. The necessity for increased information and training both for customers and the heating installation trade is emphasised and the services provided by Swiss Contracting are described. Switzerland's potential for the contracting of energy services is discussed

  3. A Three-Level Process Framework for Contract-Based Dynamic Service Outsourcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2001-01-01

    Service outsourcing is the business paradigm, in which an organization has part of its business process performed by a service provider. In dynamic markets, service providers are selected on the fly during process enactment. The cooperation between the parties is specified in a dynamically made elec

  4. Contracting for Public Services : Output-based Aid and Its Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Penelope J. Brook; Smith, Suzanne M

    2001-01-01

    Access to good, reliable public services is critical for the poor in developing countries if they are to rise out of poverty. Safe water and sanitation, modern energy and communications, good-quality basic education and health services--all contribute directly to individual well-being, and all improve economic opportunities for low-income households. The primary challenge now is to ensure ...

  5. Cartographic services contract...for everything geographic

    Science.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Cartographic Services Contract (CSC) is used to award work for photogrammetric and mapping services under the umbrella of Architect-Engineer (A&E) contracting. The A&E contract is broad in scope and can accommodate any activity related to standard, nonstandard, graphic, and digital cartographic products. Services provided may include, but are not limited to, photogrammetric mapping and aerotriangulation; orthophotography; thematic mapping (for example, land characterization); analog and digital imagery applications; geographic information systems development; surveying and control acquisition, including ground-based and airborne Global Positioning System; analog and digital image manipulation, analysis, and interpretation; raster and vector map digitizing; data manipulations (for example, transformations, conversions, generalization, integration, and conflation); primary and ancillary data acquisition (for example, aerial photography, satellite imagery, multispectral, multitemporal, and hyperspectral data); image scanning and processing; metadata production, revision, and creation; and production or revision of standard USGS products defined by formal and informal specification and standards, such as those for digital line graphs, digital elevation models, digital orthophoto quadrangles, and digital raster graphics.

  6. 78 FR 10642 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25...-0029. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301-492- 3668; email: Carol...-415- 4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov . The ADAMS accession number for each...

  7. 77 FR 5280 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25... the NRC's PDR reference staff at 1 (800) 397-4209, (301) 415-4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov...) 492-3627, or email: lori.konovitz@nrc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In accordance with Section...

  8. Managerial challenges in public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Bogetoft, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast to preva......-national sample of 15 cases of contracting-out in urban green-space management.......In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast to......, themes and questions for research in public service contracting. We identify and exemplify the framework by combining insights from different theoretical perspectives with empirical evidence through an iterative process. The evidence is educed as a set of observed and self-reported stories in a cross...

  9. The economics of energy service contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy service contracting can provide a cost-effective route to overcoming barriers to energy efficiency. Energy service contracts allow the client to reduce operating costs, transfer risk and concentrate attention on core activities. However, the energy services model may only be appropriate for a subset of energy services and energy using organisations. A challenge for both business strategy and public policy is to identify those situations in which energy service contracting is most likely to be appropriate and the conditions under which it is most likely to succeed. Energy service contracting is a form of outsourcing. It will only be chosen where the expected reduction in the production cost of supplying energy services can more than offset the transaction cost of negotiating and managing the relationship with the energy service provider. Production costs will be determined by a combination of the physical characteristics of the energy system and the technical efficiency of the relevant organisational arrangements, including economies of scale and specialisation. Transaction costs, in turn, will be determined by the complexity of the energy service, the 'specificity' of the investments made by the contractor, the competitiveness of the energy services market and the relevant legal, financial and regulatory rules. This paper develops these ideas into a general framework that may be used to assess the feasibility of energy service contracting in different circumstances. The framework leads to a number of hypotheses that are suitable for empirical test

  10. The subject consumer service contract in Belarus Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonenko-Kulichenko N. S.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, more attention is paid to construction contracts, and in particular the consumer service contract. The most important element of consumer service contract is its subject. Definition of the subject consumer service contract is important for the delimitation of the contract of domestic independent from adjacent to it contracts.

  11. Utility Energy Services Contracts Lessons Learned

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-08-01

    This document describes best practices in the use of Utility Energy Services Contracts. The recommendations were generated by a group of innovative energy managers in many successful projects. The topics include project financing, competition between utility franchises, and water conservation.

  12. 77 FR 13508 - Certainty of Terms of Service Contracts and NVOCC Service Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ...The Federal Maritime Commission amends its rules regarding certainty of terms of service contracts and non-vessel-operating common carrier service arrangements. The rule provides common carriers and shippers with certainty and flexibility by facilitating their use of long-term contracts that adjust based upon an index reflecting changes in market...

  13. The influence of contract form choice of the transport services ensuring on performance contracting entity requirement

    OpenAIRE

    Miloš POLIAK; Anna KRIŽANOVÁ; Štefánia SEMANOVÁ; Ľubica ŠTEFÁNIKOVÁ

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the issue of the influence of contract form choice of the transport services ensuring on performance contracting entity requirement. In the first part, it describes the current state of transport services financing in the Slovak Republic and risk analysis, which is related to conclusion of the service contract in the transport services ensuring. The rest of the paper defines the impact of services contracts of ensuring the transport services on performance contracting ent...

  14. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.

  15. Using contracts to manage services : A study of contracts in public transport

    OpenAIRE

    Camén, Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Contracts play a key role in many business to business relationships. Service organisations are no exception. Despite a growing interest of services and how services are managed, research on how to use contracts to manage services has been surprisingly sparse in service research. The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to a deeper understanding of using contracts to manage services in business-to-business relationships. Contract theories together with concepts from service research ar...

  16. 77 FR 8818 - Publication of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... PROTECTION Publication of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory. SUMMARY: In accordance with... of the FY 2011 service contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service...

  17. Maintaining Roads : The Argentine Experience with Output-Based Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Liautaud, Gerard

    2001-01-01

    The Argentine government is using output-based contracts with the private sector for rehabilitation and maintenance of its nonconcessioned road network. The multiyear lump sum contracts, funded by the government, specify required road service outputs and use incentive-based payment schedules to ensure the quality of the work. After three years of operation the 60 contracts (averaging US$10...

  18. 76 FR 22070 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ..., and 52 RIN 9000-AM06 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements AGENCY..., to submit information annually in support of agency-level inventories for service contracts. DATES...) already requires DoD to develop an annual service contract inventory. House Report 111-366 notes,...

  19. 78 FR 12368 - Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... Priority Mail Contract 47 Negotiated Service Agreement. This notice informs the public of the filing... Service filed notice that it has agreed to an amendment to existing Priority Mail Contract 47, which...

  20. 78 FR 13710 - Analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... BOARD Analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories. Background: The National Labor Relations... analysis of special interest functions within the FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories submitted to...

  1. 78 FR 17205 - Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: Federal Maritime Commission. ACTION: Notice of availability of service contract inventories. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen V. Gregory... notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis,...

  2. Governance variety in the energy service contracting market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostertag, Katrin; Huelsmann, Friederike

    2008-07-01

    There is a surprisingly high variety of actors involved in the supply of energy service contracting arrangements. Based on an empirical record of approximately 2,500 contracting projects in the domain of space heating in Germany, the paper analyses specialisation patterns of contractors. An econometric model is used to test hypotheses derived from transaction cost economics, which contractor type should be expected for which kind of contracting project. According to our results, if physical, site and human asset specificity are high, governance modes are preferred, for which contracting represents a downward integration of business activities along the value-added chain. This includes the supply of contracting by municipal utilities. More specifically, municipal utilities occur as superior suppliers of contracting if combined heat and power is implemented, if the building served is connected to their gas grid and if it is a public building. This pattern could orient the development of contracting activities for utilities reconsidering their strategic position following the liberalisation of the electricity market. (orig.)

  3. Decision support in contract formation for commercial electronic services with international connection

    OpenAIRE

    Waldburger, Martin; Stiller, Burkhard

    2012-01-01

    This section addresses the automated and legally compliant determination of key contract parameters for commercially and internationally provided electronic services in the Internet. It designs and implements a decision support system that provides recommendations on suited contract parameters at the time of contract formation. Recommendations base on automated reasoning taking into consideration the relevant set of service- and contract-specific facts. The range of facts to be considered is ...

  4. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of... services contracts exceeding $25,000 that were awarded by the agency in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The... November 5, 2010. It consists of two parts: (1) A complete listing of all contracts; and (2) A summary...

  5. 7 CFR 1724.21 - Architectural services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... RUS financed electric system facilities. (a) RUS Form 220, Architectural Services Contract, must be used by electric borrowers when obtaining architectural services. (b) The borrower shall ensure that..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND...

  6. Contracts for Cooperation between Web Service Programmers and HTML Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böttger, Henning; Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael I.

    2006-01-01

    Interactive Web services consist of a mixture of HTML fragments and program code. The fragments, which are maintained by designers, are combined to form HTML pages that are shown to the clients. The code, which is maintained by programmers, is executed on the server to handle the business logic....... Current Web service frameworks provide little help in separating these constituents, which complicates cooperation between programmers and HTML designers. We propose a system based on XML templates and formalized contracts allowing a flexible separation of concerns. The contracts act as interfaces between...... the programmers and the HTML designers and permit tool support for statically checking that both parties fulfill their obligations. This ensures that (1) programmers and HTML designers work more independently focusing on their own expertises, (2) the Web service implementation is better structured and thus easier...

  7. Issues in bidding for contracts for occupational therapy services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harms, S; Law, M

    2001-06-01

    There is an increasing number of occupational therapists in Canada who are involved in bidding for contracts to deliver occupational therapy services. Occupational therapists working in an institutional or community-based setting may not have had the responsibility of developing a proposal or a marketing plan for bidding purposes. However, the responsibility of developing a bid to compete for a service delivery contract often rests on occupational therapists who are sole practitioners in a private practice setting. The purpose of this paper is to highlight issues in the literature such as service delivery plans, marketing strategies and costing of services that can assist the occupational therapist in the development of a contractual bid. A specific clinical example, school therapy services, has been used to illustrate how these strategies can be applied to practice. Success in contractual bids appears to be primarily influenced by cost of the service, the expertise of the service provider, ability to provide coordinated care, ease of access for clients, and inclusion of methods to measure client outcome. PMID:11433914

  8. 47 CFR 61.55 - Contract-based tariffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract-based tariffs. 61.55 Section 61.55 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) TARIFFS General Rules for Dominant Carriers § 61.55 Contract-based tariffs. (a) This section shall apply to price...

  9. Influential Factors in Long-term Product Service System Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hosseini Taklimi, Seyed Reza

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation presents different aspects of long-term contract for product service system (PSS); also different issues that companies are dealt for implementation of PSS. The study consists of literature review for understanding factors which can affect long-term PSS contracts. Different generic categories of green business models which are used in PSS contracts have been addressed and in addition, various models of contracts for PSS in industries have been identified too. The important f...

  10. Applying commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Verrastro, Paul J.

    1996-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the application of commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts. It examines the general background and framework for the use of husbanding agents within the Department of the Navy and explores the pre-award and post-award issues associated with these husbanding services contracts. Husbanding services are the logistical support services that a ship requires when it pulls into a port. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  11. Build-operate-transfer Outsourcing Contracts in Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2013-01-01

    client firms are allotted call options, i.e. the right, but not the obligation, to transfer pre-specified assets from the service provider. As such, BOT outsourcing contracts seems to be an interesting contractual novelty that combines the advantages of outsourced and captive offshoring operations. In......Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely used in the engineering and construction industry and has recently spread into the service industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets, India in particular, are now offering BOT outsourcing contracts in which the...... this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. Whether BOT outsourcing contracts are boon or bane to an emerging market vendor basically...

  12. SERVICE HANDBOOK FOR THE DESKTOP SUPPORT CONTRACT WIH IT DIVISION

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    A Desktop Support Contract has been running since January 1999 to offer help to all users at CERN with problems that occur with their desktop computers. The contract is run conjointly by the Swedish Company WM-data and the Swiss company DCS.The contract is comprised of the Computing Helpdesk, a General Service for all parts of CERN and also Local Service for those divisions and groups that want faster response times and additional help with their specific computer environment.In order to describe what services are being offered, and also to give a better understanding of the structure of the contract, a Service Handbook has been created. The intended audience for the Service Handbook is everyone that is using the contract, i.e. users, managers and also the service staff inside the contract. In the handbook you will find what help you can get from the contract, how to get in touch with the contract, and also what response times you can expect. Since the computer environment at CERN is a never-changing entity, ...

  13. Contract-oriented software development for internet services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Ravn, Anders Peter;

    2008-01-01

    COSoDIS (Contract-Oriented Software Development for Internet Services) develops novel approaches to implement and reason about contracts in service oriented architectures (SOA). The rationale is that system developers benefit from abstraction mechanisms to work with these architectures. Therefore...... the goal is to design and test system modeling and programming language tools to empower SOA developers to deploy highly dynamic, negotiable and monitorable Internet services....

  14. Case Studies for Contract-based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal; Chábera, Jiří; Miles, Simon; Luck, Michael; Oren, Nir; Kollingbaum, Martin; Holt, Camden; Vazquez, Javier; Storms, Patrick; Dehn, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Of the ways in which agent behaviour can be regulated in a multi-agent system, electronic contracting - based on explicit representation of different parties' responsibilities, and the agreement of all parties to them - has significant potential for modern industrial applications. Based on this assumption, the CONTRACT project aims to develop and apply electronic contracting and contract-based monitoring and verification techniques in real world applications. This paper presents results from ...

  15. 78 FR 10174 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract... Appropriations Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability...

  16. Bonneville Purchasing Instructions. Appendix 14A, Contracting Officer`s Technical Representatives` Guide for Services Contracts.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-07-01

    This guide outlines the duties of BPA personnel designated as Contracting Officers Technical Representatives (COTRs). The BPA Administrator gives contracting officers (COs) in BPA responsibility and authority for awarding and administering contracts. COs are authorized to designate other BPA employees to act as their representatives for purposes of contract administration, from the time of contract award until final receipt and acceptance of the contracted services. COTRs are the individuals primarily relied upon to perform technical contract administration functions. Similar functions for supply and construction contracts are performed by engineering representatives, construction inspectors, and inspectors. Although this Guide is written primarily with the COTR in mind, the concept and operation of teamwork is essential throughout the entire process of contract administration. The CO administers the contract during performance, but rarely has expertise in all of the relevant technical areas. Therefore, CO decisions rely on input from a team. The COTR is an indispensable member of that team. The instructions in this Guide are designed to facilitate this essential CO-COTR cooperation. COTR duties are usually additional to those required of the COTR in his or her assigned line organization. The COTR is still accountable to the line supervisor for performance of regularly-assigned duties. These duties are to be reflected appropriately in performance appraisals and job descriptions. For contract administration duties, however, the COTR reports directly to, and is accountable only to, the CO. The COTR`s supervisor must allow sufficient time to ensure that the COTR can adequately monitor the contract for technical compliance. This Guide is designed for COTRs who are performing service contract (including intergovernmental contract) administration functions as an adjunct to their normal technical duties.

  17. 7 CFR 1724.31 - Engineering services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... RUS financed electric system facilities. (a) RUS contract forms for engineering services shall be used... Service Contract—Electric System Design and Construction, shall be used for all distribution, transmission..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND...

  18. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents, May 2009 (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-01

    Enabling Documents, delivered by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to provide materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs).

  19. A Liquid work-life under public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    A part of the reality behind public service contracting in Denmark as well as in many other countries is that a growing number of people are employed in uncertain and temporary conditions and relations in what can be characterized as ‘liquidized’ work-lives. This reality and its consequences for...... staff, however, are only poorly understood in current theory and research on public service contracting through partial concepts and a tendency to focus merely on negative outcomes. Against this shortfall, the aim in this paper is to build a conceptually and empirically richer and more authentic account...... of staffs’ work-life under public service contracting. The paper relies empirically on focus group interviews in two cases of staff transfers in public service contracting with different levels of liquefaction. it is found that staff transfer is a composite experience for staff with differential...

  20. 76 FR 12072 - Public Availability of Commodity Futures Trading Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf.../cftcserviceinventory_2010.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Questions regarding the service contract...

  1. The Relationship Between Population Size and Contracting Out Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Søren Kjær

    2015-01-01

    /contracting out relationship. Results show that the relationship differs across policy sectors: It is negative for services with high fixed costs, presumably due to scale economies, and is positive for services that are difficult to measure, probably due to more administrative and technical capacity in larger......What is the causal relationship between population size and the contracting out of public service delivery in local governments? The size of the population of a given municipality has long been thought to be an important driver of contracting out public service delivery, which theoretically...... streamlines public service production and saves taxpayers’ money. This article makes use of the 2007 Danish local government structural reform—when 239 municipalities were merged into 66 new entities while 29 municipalities remained untouched—as a quasi-experiment to explore the population size...

  2. Forest restoration and forest communities: have local communities benefited from forest service contracting of ecosystem management?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moseley, Cassandra; Reyes, Yolanda E

    2008-08-01

    Conservation-based development programs have sought to create economic opportunities for people negatively impacted by biological diversity protection. The USDA Forest Service, for example, developed policies and programs to create contracting opportunities for local communities to restore public lands to replace jobs lost from reduced timber harvest. This article examines 12 years of Forest Service land management contracting in western Oregon, Washington, and northern California to evaluate if contractors located in communities near national forests have been awarded more land management contracts and contract value over time. We find that land management contracting spending has declined dramatically and, once we control for intervening factors, we find that local contractors have received a smaller proportion of land management contracts over time. PMID:18521660

  3. 38 CFR 1.917 - Contracting for collection services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Treasury for debt collection. See 31 U.S.C. 3711(g), 31 CFR 285.12(e), and 38 CFR 1.910. (d) VA may enter... appropriations; (2) VA may also fund a collection service contract on a contingent-fee basis (i.e., by including...) VA may enter into contracts for debtor asset and income search reports. In accordance with 31...

  4. Contracting of energy services in Switzerland. Development, effects, market potentials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors of this detailed report first define the contracting of energy services, this new reality of the market place, and analyse its current status in Switzerland. Contracting is mainly to be understood as the delegation of certain energy-related services by a company. The total investment for the operated energy systems considered by the study is about 120 millions USD, with an installed power of 160 MW. This market is highly unhomogeneous and is the answer to various goals. Globally, it brings a more efficient use of energy, including a more frequent involvement of renewable energy sources, along with a lower risk and significant advantages for all contractors. That is the reason for the energy policy authority to recommend contracting. The report goes on with the analysis of the factors leading the chief executives to consider contracting of energy services, or on the contrary to exclude it. The authors estimate the realistic potential market for contracting in Switzerland to 650 millions USD for the period 1999-2004. They conclude by giving recommendations which should result in an acceleration of the contracting's development on the market place

  5. 78 FR 20089 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Office of Procurement and Property Management Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories.... ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2012 Service Contract inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance... Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on FY 2012 service contract actions...

  6. Service contract of Renault Kerax 440 truck with deductible and policy limit coverage modification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustami, Pasaribu, Udjianna. S.; Husniah, Hennie

    2016-02-01

    In this paper we discuss a service contracts with coverage modification that only offer preventive maintenance and corrective maintenance for Renault Kerax 440 Truck by service contract provider. Corrective maintenance costs is modified with deductible and policy limit during the period of the service contract. Demand for a service contract is only influenced by the price of the service contract, deductible, and policy limit offered by producer to consumer. The main problem in this thesis is determining the price of a service contract, deductible, and policy limit to get maximum profit for producer for each of service contract.

  7. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  8. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; 10.4204/EPTCS.38.8

    2010-01-01

    We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  9. 76 FR 70660 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service Guard Services Contracts With Business Concerns Owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... SECURITY 48 CFR Parts 3009 and 3052 RIN 1601-AA55 Prohibition on Federal Protective Service Guard Services..., 2011). On November 16, 2009, DHS published a final rule entitled Prohibition on Federal Protective Service Guard Services Contracts With Business Concerns Owned, Controlled, or Operated by an...

  10. Strengthening district health service management and delivery through internal contracting: lessons from pilot projects in Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khim, Keovathanak; Annear, Peter Leslie

    2013-11-01

    Following a decade of piloting different models of contracting, in mid-2009 the Cambodian Ministry of Health began to test a form of 'internal contracting' for health care delivery in selected health districts (including hospitals and health centers) contracted by the provincial health department as Special Operating Agencies (SOAs) and provided with greater management autonomy. This study assesses the internal contracting approach as a means for improving the management of district health services and strengthening service delivery. While the study may contribute to the emerging field now known as performance-based financing, the lessons deal more broadly with the impact of management reform and increased autonomy in contrast to traditional public sector line-management and budgeting. Carried out during 2011, the study was based on: (i) a review of the literature and of operational documents; (ii) primary data from semi-structured key informant interviews with 20 health officials in two provinces involved in four SOA pilot districts; and (iii) routine data from the 2011 SOA performance monitoring report. Five prerequisites were identified for effective contract management and improved service delivery: a clear understanding of roles and responsibilities by the contracting parties; implementation of clear rules and procedures; effective management of performance; effective monitoring of the contract; and adequate and timely provision of resources. Both the level and allocation of incentives and management bottlenecks at various levels continue to impede implementation. We conclude that, in contracted arrangements like these, the clear separation of contracting functions (purchasing, commissioning, monitoring and regulating), management autonomy where responsibilities are genuinely devolved and accepted, and the provision of resources adequate to meet contract demands are necessary conditions for success. PMID:23489889

  11. THE IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT ON RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN FINANCIAL SERVICES MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Pepur; Zoran Mihanović; Sandra Pepur

    2013-01-01

    The theoretical arguments of the psychological contracts arise from the social exchange theory. According to this theory, all the parties involved in any type of relationships want to build a relationship based on mutual respect and fairness. The main goal of this paper is to explore the influence that psychological contracts have on the quality of the business-to-business relationship in the financial services market. The research conducted in this paper continued the pioneer work of Kingsho...

  12. 77 FR 5253 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy (MV); General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of public... Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of...

  13. 76 FR 5375 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy; General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice... Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), GSA is publishing this notice to advise the...

  14. 76 FR 10628 - International Product Change-International Business Reply Service Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... Product Change--International Business Reply Service Contract AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 to the Competitive Products List pursuant to 39 U.S... Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 to the Competitive Products List, and Notice of...

  15. 75 FR 5113 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation for Leasehold...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... National Park Service National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation... alternative formula for the valuation of leasehold surrender interest under its proposed concession contract... Revenue Code complexities in LSI valuation. The proposed alternative formula has two components: One...

  16. Contracting in medical equipment maintenance services: An empirical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Tian; de Véricourt, Francis; Besbes, Omar

    2014-01-01

    Equipment manufacturers offer different types of maintenance service plans (MSPs) that delineate payment structures between equipment operators and maintenance service providers. These MSPs allocate risks differently and thus induce different kinds of incentives. A fundamental question, therefore, is how such structures impact service performance and the service chain value. We answer empirically this question. Our study is based on a unique panel data covering the sales and service records o...

  17. Improving government health services through contract management: a case from Cambodia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soeters, Robert; Griffiths, Fred

    2003-03-01

    Most government health facilities in Cambodia perform poorly, due to lack of funds, inadequate management and inefficient use of resources, but mostly due to poor motivation of staff. This paper describes contracting as a possible tool for Ministries of Health to improve health service delivery more rapidly than the more traditional reform approaches. In Cambodia, the Ministry of Health started an experiment with contracting in eight districts, covering 1 million people. Health care management in five districts was sub-contracted to private sector operators, and their results were compared with three control districts. Both internal and external reviews showed that after 3 years of implementation, the utilization of health services in the contracted districts improved significantly, in comparison with the control districts. There was adequate competition in awarding the contracts. A Ministry of Health Project Co-ordinating Unit measured the performance of the contractors, and contributed pro-actively. There was no evidence of rent-seeking practices by either the contracting agency or the contractors. This paper describes in more detail the successes and failures in one of the contracted districts, where HealthNet International applied the contracting approach. Despite significantly increased official user fees, constituting 16% of recurrent costs, the utilization of services was equally increased. Patients thought the fees were reasonable because they were still lower than the fees demanded if government health workers charged informally. They also thought that the services were of better quality than in the unregulated private sector. Another important result was that combining strict monitoring with performance-based incentives demonstrates a decrease in total family health expenditure of some 40% from US dollars 18 to US dollars 11 per capita per year. Innovative and decisive management proved to be essential, which is more likely to be achieved by a contracted

  18. 77 FR 5614 - Department of State FY11 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... Department of State FY11 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Department of State. ACTION: Notice of the release of the Department of State FY11 Service Contract Inventory. SUMMARY: The Department of State has publically released its Service Contract Inventory for FY11 and its analysis of the FY10 inventory. They...

  19. 76 FR 6499 - Public Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated... notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2010 Service Contract inventory. This...

  20. 77 FR 5062 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2011 Service Contract... the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract inventory. This inventory...

  1. 77 FR 1689 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract... advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract inventory. This inventory...

  2. 76 FR 26296 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract... advise the public of the availability of the FY 2010 Service Contract inventory. This inventory...

  3. 76 FR 40937 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service Contract... the public of the availability of the FY 2010 Service Contract inventory. This inventory...

  4. Energy service contracts in regional engineering center for small and medium businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil'manshin, I. R.; Kashapov, N. F.

    2014-12-01

    The analysis of the energy service contracts development in Russia is given in the article. The role of the Complex learning centres in the field of energy efficiency in the promotion of energy service contracts is described. The reasons of constraining the development of energy service contracts are described.

  5. 31 CFR 538.406 - Exportation of services; performance of service contracts; legal services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... property interests of the Government of Sudan; or (3) In support of an industrial, commercial, public... contract negotiations, contract performance, commercial arbitration, or other business dealings with...

  6. Revenue-Sharing Contract Models for Logistics Service Supply Chains with Mass Customization Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihua Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The revenue-sharing contract is one of the most important supply chain coordination contracts; it has been applied in various supply chains. However, studies related to service supply chains with mass customization (MC are lacking. Considering the equity of benefit distribution between the members of service supply chains, in this paper, we designed two revenue-sharing contracts. The first contract for the maximum equity of a single logistics service integrator (LSI and single functional logistics service provider (FLSP in a two-echelon logistics service supply chain was designed by introducing the fair entropy function (“one to one” model. Furthermore, the method is extended to a more complex supply chain, which consists of a single LSI and multiple FLSPs. A new contract was designed not only for considering the equity of an LSI and each FLSP but also for the equity between each FLSP (“one to N” model. The “one to one” model in three-echelon LSSC is also provided. The result exemplifies that, whether in the “one to one” model or “one to N” model, there exists a best interval of customized level when the revenue-sharing coefficient reaches its maximum.

  7. 48 CFR 3009.171 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... QUALIFICATIONS Responsible Prospective Contractors 3009.171 Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned, controlled, or operated by an individual convicted of a... Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned, controlled, or operated by...

  8. A Comparative Study of the Fiscal Arrangements of Petroleum Service Contracts in Iraq and Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Jafar Ghanbari Jahromi; Mojtaba Asgharian

    2015-01-01

    Petroleum upstream service contracts possess different aspects of legal, contractual, fiscal, economic, technical, technological and environmental nature. In this research, efforts have been made to review one of the aspects of the petroleum upstream contracts which have been far too little considered by the domestic legal community, namely the fiscal system of upstream service contracts. Since every service contract avails of its own independent fiscal system, we tried, using the analytic an...

  9. THE IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT ON RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN FINANCIAL SERVICES MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Pepur

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical arguments of the psychological contracts arise from the social exchange theory. According to this theory, all the parties involved in any type of relationships want to build a relationship based on mutual respect and fairness. The main goal of this paper is to explore the influence that psychological contracts have on the quality of the business-to-business relationship in the financial services market. The research conducted in this paper continued the pioneer work of Kingshott and Pecotich (2007 and by extending their conceptual model it provided the theoretical and practical insights specific to the business-to-business market. In the empirical part of the paper, the relationship between hotels and financial institutions in the Republic of Croatia is tested using the canonical correlation analysis. The results of the analysis confirm that the psychological contracts have an influence on the relationship quality between the partners in the financial services market.

  10. 77 FR 8818 - Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory... contract inventory for fiscal year (``FY'') 2011. This inventory provides information on service contract..., MD 20814. Telephone: 301-504-7009; email dhutton@cpsc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On December...

  11. 78 FR 33392 - Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory... contract inventory for fiscal year (FY) 2012. This inventory provides information on service contract..., MD 20814. Telephone: 301-504-7009; email: dhutton@cpsc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On...

  12. 48 CFR 3009.171-3 - Determination of eligibility for award of FPS guard service contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... concern as defined in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3009.171-4 at any time during the duration of an Indefinite Delivery... eligibility for award of FPS guard service contracts. 3009.171-3 Section 3009.171-3 Federal Acquisition... eligibility for award of FPS guard service contracts. (a) Contracting officers shall make a determination...

  13. Capability Coordination in Agricultural Products Logistics Service Supply Chain with Revenue-sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meiling He

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available To solve the capability coordination in logistics service based on the agricultural products industry, a two-stage agricultural products Logistics Service Supply Chain (LSSC was established with one agricultural products logistics service integrator and one functional logistics service provider. Based on the non-storage property of logistics service capability, the revenue-sharing contract model was built under the uncertain demand. The optimal logistics capability order quantity and the revenue-sharing coefficient were calculated when the agricultural products LSSC achieved coordination. Revenue-sharing contract can coordinate the agricultural products LSSC effectively compared with no contract. A numerical simulation was taken by MATLAB 7.0. The change of purchase price has no influence on the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of agricultural products LSSC. It achieves a redistribution of members’ profits. With the increases of penalty cost, the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of provider increase, while the expected profit of integrator and agricultural products LSSC decrease.

  14. 31 CFR 585.416 - Exportation of services; performance of service contracts; legal services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) In support of an industrial or other commercial or governmental project in the FRY (S&M). (c) Example..., represent an individual or entity with respect to contract negotiations, contract performance,...

  15. 78 FR 13869 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    .../procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf . On December 19, 2011, OFPP issued...-contract-inventory-guidance.pdf . ] Except for minor changes to reporting deadlines, the guidance...

  16. Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Shravani

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: The first approach supports a negotiation-based attribute-based access control to Web Services with fine access granularity. The second approach is tailored to access control for conversation-based Web services and composite services;where in a Web Service is not considered as a set of independent operations and therefore access control must take such dependencies into account. During a Web Services invocation, a client interacts with the service, performing a sequence of operations in a particular order called conversation. In this paper, we want to propose strategies for analyzing and managing Role Based Access Control policies for designing Security Architectures for web services. Wevalidate role-based access control with a case study, where in access decisions are based on the roles that individual users have as part of an organization. Users take on assigned roles. The process of defining roles should be based on a thorough analysis of how an organization operates and should include input from a wide spectrum of users in an organization. Access rights are grouped by role name, and the use of resources is restricted to individuals authorized toassume the associated role. For example, within a hospital system the role of doctor can include operations to perform diagnosis, prescribe medication, and order laboratory tests; and the role of researcher can be limited to gathering anonymous clinical information for studies. The use of roles to control access

  17. Challenges of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the National Health Service (NHS) in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addicott, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    For many years there has been a separation between purchasing and provision of services in the English National Health Service (NHS). Many studies report that this commissioning function has been weak: purchasers have had little impact or power in negotiations with large acute providers, and have had limited strategic control over the delivery of care. Nevertheless, commissioning has become increasingly embedded in the NHS structure since the arrival of Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in 2012. Recently, some of these CCGs have focused on how they can contract and commission in different ways to stimulate greater collaboration across providers. This paper examines experiences of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the English NHS, based on a series of national-level interviews and case studies of five health economies that are implementing novel contracting models. The cases illustrated here demonstrate early experiments to drive innovation through contracting in the NHS that have largely relied on the vision of individual teams or leaders, in combination with external legal, procurement and actuarial support. It is unlikely that this approach will be sustainable or replicable across the country or internationally, despite the best intentions of commissioners. Designing and operating novel contractual approaches will require considerable determination, alongside advanced skills in procurement, contract management and commissioning. The cost of developing new contractual approaches is high, and as the process is difficult and resource-intensive, it is likely that dedicated teams or programs will be required to drive significant improvement. PMID:26328512

  18. Cost Modelling Techniques for Availability Type Service Support Contracts: a Literature Review and Empirical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Datta, Partha Priya

    2009-01-01

    The research in this paper is focused on enhancing existing knowledge in cost estimation models at the bidding stage of service support contracts. The difficulty of this task lies in the long lasting contracts, which in some cases may reach even 40 years. The paper first reports the existing knowledge through detailed review of literature. The paper studies different service support contracts and reports the cost modelling techniques used in availability type contracts in the cont...

  19. The UK market for energy service contracts in 2014–2015

    OpenAIRE

    Nolden, Colin; Sorrell, Steven

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the UK market for energy service contracts in 2014 and highlights the growing role of intermediaries. Using information from secondary literature and interviews, it identifies the businesses offering energy service contracts, the sectors and organisations that are purchasing those contracts, the types of contract that are available, the areas of market growth and the reasons for that growth. The paper finds that the UK market is relatively large, highly dive...

  20. 76 FR 9382 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ....whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf.../offices/oacq/secfy2010servicecontractinventories.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

  1. Expanding the understanding of motivation in the theory of public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    The understanding of what drives efficient performance is only partial in the standard theory of public service contracting where performance essentially is explained as dependent on extrinsic incentives. In this paper I claim that intrinsic motivations and the dynamics between intrinsic motivati......The understanding of what drives efficient performance is only partial in the standard theory of public service contracting where performance essentially is explained as dependent on extrinsic incentives. In this paper I claim that intrinsic motivations and the dynamics between intrinsic...... motivations and extrinsic incentives also have a role for explaining performance. This role is not limited to shifts from the public to the private service sector, as suggested by current supplements to standard theory, but it is also extended to play a part in on-going and recurrent contractual relationships...... with private service providers. In order to address my claim, I provide an embedded case study based on qualitative data of motivations and motivational dynamics within a set of external contractual relations managed through a performance management scheme by a public contracting agency. I find that...

  2. Towards a contract-based interoperation model

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Peña, Félix Oscar; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2007-01-01

    Web Services-based solutions for interoperating processes are considered to be one of the most promising technologies for achieving truly interoperable functioning in open environments. In the last three years, the specification in particular of agreements between resource / service providers and consumers, as well as protocols for their negotiation have been proposed as a possible solution for managing the resulting computing systems. In this report, the state of the art in the area of contr...

  3. 78 FR 26657 - Proposed Extension of the Labor Standards for Federal Service Contracts Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... employed on the contract work. See 41 U.S.C. 351, et seq. Problems sometimes arise (1) when employees are... wages and fringe benefits paid service employees ] performing work on the contract during the contract... (including prospective increases) contained in a predecessor contractor's collective bargaining...

  4. Professionalization Contracts for Small Municipal Water Service Providers in India

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrhardt, David; Mugabi, Josses; Kingdom, William

    2015-01-01

    Professionalization contracts are a new concept. The aim of these contracts is to enlist the support of specialized private firms in turning public water utilities into competent professional operators. This report looks at how the business model for such contracts may work. This report builds on fieldwork and consultation in India. The model described in this report reflects two weeks of ...

  5. Does contracting of health care in Afghanistan work? Public and service-users' perceptions and experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cockcroft Anne

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In rebuilding devastated health services, the government of Afghanistan has provided access to basic services mainly by contracting with non-government organisations (NGOs, and more recently the Strengthening Mechanism (SM of contracting with Provincial Health Offices. Community-based information about the public's views and experience of health services is scarce. Methods Field teams visited households in a stratified random sample of 30 communities in two districts in Kabul province, with health services mainly provided either by an NGO or through the SM and administered a questionnaire about household views, use, and experience of health services, including payments for services and corruption. They later discussed the findings with separate community focus groups of men and women. We calculated weighted frequencies of views and experience of services and multivariate analysis examined the related factors. Results The survey covered 3283 households including 2845 recent health service users. Some 42% of households in the SM district and 57% in the NGO district rated available health services as good. Some 63% of households in the SM district (adjacent to Kabul and 93% in the NGO district ordinarily used government health facilities. Service users rated private facilities more positively than government facilities. Government service users were more satisfied in urban facilities, if the household head was not educated, if they had enough food in the last week, and if they waited less than 30 minutes. Many households were unwilling to comment on corruption in health services; 15% in the SM district and 26% in the NGO district reported having been asked for an unofficial payment. Despite a policy of free services, one in seven users paid for treatment in government facilities, and three in four paid for medicine outside the facilities. Focus groups confirmed people knew payments were unofficial; they were afraid to talk about

  6. Subcontracting in electronics : from contract manufacturers to providers of electronic manufacturing services (EMS)

    OpenAIRE

    Liemt, Gijsbert van

    2007-01-01

    Discusses how the top contract manufacturers in the electronics industry try to become providers of electronic manufacturing services by deepening and broadening the rage of services that they offer and by diversifying into markets other than computing and telecommunications.

  7. Contracting strategy based on Markov Process modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S.; Durfee, E.H. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31

    One of the fundamental activities in multiagent systems is the exchange of tasks among agents. In particular, we are interested in contracts among self-interested agents, where a contractor desires to find a contractee that will perform the task for the lowest payment, and a contractee wants to perform tasks that maximize its profit (payment received less the cost of doing the task). Multiple, concurrent contracts take place such that a contract may be retracted because of other contracts.

  8. Constraints and Benefits of Child Welfare Contracts with Behavioral Health Providers: Conditions that Shape Service Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunger, Alicia C; Cao, Yiwen; Girth, Amanda M; Hoffman, Jill; Robertson, Hillary A

    2016-09-01

    This qualitative study examines worker perceptions of how public child welfare agencies' purchase of service contracts with private behavioral health organizations can both facilitate and constrain referral making and children's access to services. Five, 90-min focus groups were conducted with workers (n = 50) from an urban public child welfare agency in the Midwest. Using a modified grounded theory approach, findings suggest that contracts may expedite service linkages, but contract benefits are conditioned upon design and implementation. Results also suggest the critical role of front line workers in carrying out contractual relationships. Implications for research and interventions for enhancing contracting are discussed. PMID:26427998

  9. 29 CFR 4.6 - Labor standards clauses for Federal service contracts exceeding $2,500.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... increases, to service employees engaged in work on the contract, and a copy of the collective bargaining... provided in § 4.11 of 29 CFR part 4, that the collective bargaining agreement applicable to service... to be employed under the contract (i.e., the work to be performed is not performed by...

  10. 29 CFR 4.130 - Types of covered service contracts illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Application of the McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Particular Application of Contract Coverage Principles... collection, processing, and/or analysis services. (14) Drafting and illustrating. (15) Electronic equipment..., engines, electrical motors, vehicles, and electronic, telecommunications, office and related business,...

  11. Choosing Whether to Buy or Make : The Contracting Out of Employment Reintegration Services by Dutch Municipalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plantinga, Mirjam; de Ridder, Ko; Corra, Alex

    2011-01-01

    The Western welfare states are under reform. An important part of these reforms is the introduction of market type mechanisms for the deliverance of public services. Over the years, many countries have chosen to contract out employment reintegration services. The underlying notion of contracting out

  12. 17 CFR 256.01-4 - Construction or service contracts, and centralized procurement accounting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... contracts, and centralized procurement accounting. 256.01-4 Section 256.01-4 Commodity and Securities... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-4 Construction or service contracts, and centralized procurement accounting. (a)...

  13. The Effectiveness of Performance Contracting in Service Delivery in Public Universities in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Esiokhunjila Nganyi; Josphat Mulama Shigogodi; Alice Owano

    2014-01-01

    The concept of performance contracting was mooted by the government of Kenya for effective and efficient achievement of set targets in the public service. All public institutions are expected to set performance targets and indicators for their achievement. The introduction of performance contracting in public universities is an effort to institute a framework of accountability and enhance service delivery in Kenya. Though difficult and challenging to implement, performance contracting leads t...

  14. Delegation of Contracting in the Private Provision of Public Services

    OpenAIRE

    Elisabetta Iossa

    2005-01-01

    We use an incomplete-contract approach to compare contracting out by a public sector agency with the delegation of contracting out to a public-private partnership (PPP) that is a joint venture between private and sector agents. The PPP maximizes a linear combination of profit and social benefit. Such delegation may be desirable to curb innovations that reduce the cost of provision but also reduce social benefit. Delegation may be undesirable for innovations that increase social benefit but al...

  15. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten;

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an aim...... is to allow users in different healthcare scenarios to experiment with service composition to support highly individual and changing needs....

  16. Strategies for contracting gas storage and hub services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The many efficiencies that can be gained by the natural gas industry in effectively using storage, were demonstrated. The circumstances under which the natural gas industry uses storage and how Market Centres or Hub Services can be strategically used in offering companies the highest flexibility in a tough marketplace, were explained. For example, in North America, storage played an important role during the winter of 95/96, which will be remembered for its extreme cold. That year provided the first true opportunity to test the natural gas delivery system since deregulation in 1985. The fact that natural gas supplies continued to be delivered throughout the entire winter was attributed to the use of stored gas held in reserves to meet the severe demand. The companies that did well, relied on storage and also on the services offered by Hub Services which increased margins for all players in the natural gas industry. Using storage, companies can ensure that field deliveries of gas are kept constant by having storage facilities absorb the swings in market demand. The companies that learn to use storage effectively can create competitive edges over their competition and provide more value to their customers. The three main categories of hub services were also described. These are parking (interruptible storage), gas loans (stored gas can be offered to customers on a term basis for low daily rates), and title exchange (the transfer of gas between buyer and seller). The strategic use of parking, loaned gas, title exchange, direct connections, and InterHub Services can provide customers even greater benefits than are provided by storage-based services. 6 figs

  17. Contracting private sector providers for public sector health services in Jalisco, Mexico: perspectives of system actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Luz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase efficiency and expand coverage. A large body of literature has appeared in recent years focusing on the results of several contracting strategies, but very few papers have addressed aspects of the managerial process and how this can affect results. Case description This paper describes and analyses the perceptions and opinions of managers and workers about the benefits and challenges of the contracting model that has been in place for almost 10 years in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Both qualitative and quantitative information was collected. An open-ended questionnaire was used to obtain information from a group of managers, while information provided by a self-selected group of workers was collected via a closed-ended questionnaire. The analysis contrasted the information obtained from each source. Discussion and Evaluation Findings show that perceptions of managers and workers vary for most of the items studied. For managers the model has been a success, as it has allowed for expansion of coverage based on a cost-effective strategy, while for workers the model also possesses positive elements but fails to provide fair labour relationships, which negatively affects their performance. Conclusion Perspectives of the two main groups of actors in Jalisco's contracting model are important in the design and adjustment of an adequate contracting model that includes managerial elements to give incentives to worker performance, a key element necessary to achieve the model's ultimate objectives. Lessons learnt from this study could be relevant for the experience of contracting models in other developing countries.

  18. Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing

    CERN Document Server

    Duan, Lingjie; Huang, Jianwei

    2011-01-01

    Providing proper economic incentives is essential for the success of dynamic spectrum sharing. Cooperative spectrum sharing is one effective way to achieve this goal. In cooperative spectrum sharing, secondary users (SUs) relay traffics for primary users (PUs), in exchange for dedicated transmission time for the SUs' own communication needs. In this paper, we study the cooperative spectrum sharing under incomplete information, where SUs' types (capturing their heterogeneity in relay channel gains and evaluations of power consumptions) are private information and not known by PUs. Inspired by the contract theory, we model the network as a labor market. The single PU is the employer who offers a contract to the SUs. The contract consists of a set of contract items representing combinations of spectrum accessing time (i.e., reward) and relaying power (i.e., contribution). The SUs are employees, and each of them selects the best contract item to maximize his payoff. We study the optimal contract design for both w...

  19. 48 CFR 3009.171 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... QUALIFICATIONS Responsible Prospective Contractors 3009.171 Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned, controlled, or operated by...

  20. Contract for service to produce 50 tonnes sterifeed - lesson learned from semi-commercial scale test production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A contract for service has been awarded to a local company to produce 50 tonnes Sterifeed in a period of 4 months commencing 3 September 2001. The production was for supplying enough feed for the testing of Sterifeed on cattle. Appointed contractor was required to manage the production, supply labours and provide transport for the full production operation of the plant. The production performance is discussed based on: the labour cost; supervision and control; and skill and training. This report discusses and evaluate the suitability of service for contract for the future commercial scale production. (Author)

  1. Differential Game Analyses of Logistics Service Supply Chain Coordination by Cost Sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haifeng Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cooperation of all the members in a supply chain plays an important role in logistics service. The service integrator can encourage cooperation from service suppliers by sharing their cost during the service, which we assume can increase the sales by accumulating the reputation of the supply chain. A differential game model is established with the logistics service supply chain that consists of one service integrator and one supplier. And we derive the optimal solutions of the Nash equilibrium without cost sharing contract and the Stackelberg equilibrium with the integrator as the leader who partially shares the cost of the efforts of the supplier. The results make the benefits of the cost sharing contract in increasing the profits of both players as well as the whole supply chain explicit, which means that the cost sharing contract is an effective coordination mechanism in the long-term relationship of the members in a logistics service supply chain.

  2. A case study of Magnavox as a model for Process Oriented Contract Administration Services (PROCAS) implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Dollase, Steve.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis examines the implementation of the Process Oriented Contract Administration Services (PROCAS) program at Magnavox Electronic Systems Company in Fort Wayne, Indiana, one of the seven pilot sites for the program. PROCAS is a Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC) initiative designed to apply the tools of total quality management, including cross-functional teaming, continuous process improvement, and empowerment, to the contract administration process. PROCAS supports DCMC's per...

  3. An event-based model for contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Cimoli

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a basic model for contracts. Our model extends event structures with a new relation, which faithfully captures the circular dependencies among contract clauses. We establish whether an agreement exists which respects all the contracts at hand (i.e. all the dependencies can be resolved, and we detect the obligations of each participant. The main technical contribution is a correspondence between our model and a fragment of the contract logic PCL. More precisely, we show that the reachable events are exactly those which correspond to provable atoms in the logic. Despite of this strong correspondence, our model improves previous work on PCL by exhibiting a finer-grained notion of culpability, which takes into account the legitimate orderings of events.

  4. 75 FR 82066 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  5. 76 FR 73674 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  6. 76 FR 60527 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  7. To tender, re-negotiate or partner: Strategies for contracting service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contracting of oilfield service companies by petroleum exploration and production operating companies is different than the contracting of civil engineering, construction or other project-oriented contractors. The relationship between operating companies and oilfield service companies has had a long and unique history which has evolved since the first oil wells were drilled over a century ago. The process of contracting service companies by operating companies for petroleum exploration and production work can be split into three distinct stages: (1) decide what it is that should be contracted out and what should be kept in house; (2) determine the method to use to select the contractor(s) to perform the work; and (3) agree to the contractual structure to best reflect the relationship the operating company and the service company with to initiate and maintain. As there are ongoing changes to the business structures and corporate thinking of both operating and service companies, there are also evolving changes to what are considered core businesses and the methods of selecting and contracting service companies by operating companies. Operating companies are recognizing the high costs of tendering for contractor services in terms of personnel time and administrative effort, and are relying more on negotiating and rolling-over existing contracts with their suitable, capable contractors. Partnering, in its many forms and levels, is increasingly being recognized as a useful method to get better work done at cheaper overall costs

  8. 48 CFR 970.2307 - Contracting for Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services. 970.2307 Section 970.2307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Environment, Energy and Water Efficiency, Renewable Energy Technologies,...

  9. 78 FR 10215 - Public Availability of the National Science Foundation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ....gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf and....pdf . The National Science Foundation has posted its inventory and a summary of the inventory on...

  10. 77 FR 12273 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    .../memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf . On December 19, 2011, OFPP issued additional...-inventory-guidance.pdf . Except for minor changes to reporting deadlines, the guidance for preparing...

  11. 78 FR 11903 - Public Availability of the National Science Foundation Analysis of the 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ...-guidance-11052010.pdf and http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventory-guidance.pdf . The National Science Foundation has posted its Analysis of the...

  12. 76 FR 11246 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY...

  13. Atomic Electronic Contract Protocol Based on Convertible Signature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yi-chun; WANG Li-na; ZHANG Huan-guo

    2005-01-01

    A new class of atomicity, namely contract atomicity is presented. A new technical strategy based on convertible signature and two-phase commitment is proposed for implementing atomicity of electronic contract protocol. A new atomic contract signing protocol is given out by using ElGamal-like convertible undeniable signature and commitment of conversion key, and another new atomic contract signing protocol is brought forward by using RSA-based convertible undeniable signature scheme and commitment of conversion key.These two new protocols are proved to be of atomicity, fairness, privacy, non-repudiation.

  14. 78 FR 14091 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by......

  15. 77 FR 6563 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by......

  16. 78 FR 77450 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY2013 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), FEC PROCUREMENT DIVISION is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY2013 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that was made in FY2013. The information is organized by function to show......

  17. 78 FR 11646 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), FEC PROCUREMENT DIVISION is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function to......

  18. The commercialisation of GP services: a survey of APMS contracts and new GP ownership

    OpenAIRE

    Heins, Elke; Pollock, A M; Price, D.

    2009-01-01

    Background Alternative provider of medical services (APMS) legislation enables private commercial firms to provide NHS primary care. There is no central monitoring of APMS adoption by primary care trusts (PCTs), the new providers, or market competition. Aim The aims were to: examine APMS contract data on bidders and providers, patient numbers, contract value, duration, and services; present a typology of primary care providers; establish the extent of competition; and identify which commercia...

  19. Cream-Skimming, Parking and Other Intended and Unintended Effects of High-Powered, Performance-Based Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koning, Pierre; Heinrich, Carolyn J.

    2013-01-01

    As performance-based contracting in social welfare services continues to expand, concerns about potential unintended effects are also growing. We analyze the incentive effects of high-powered, performance-based contracts and their implications for program outcomes using panel data on Dutch cohorts of unemployed and disabled workers that were…

  20. The Use of Performance Contracts for Delivery of Social Services in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria P. Aristigueta

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Devolution and the New Public Management has increased the privatization of government service and enhanced the role for the nonprofit sector in the United States. Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. This paper outlines the findings of a two year study which took place at the University of Delaware between September 2005 and April 2007, entitled The Forward Together Project. Ad hoc implementation of performance contracts are found in the state; some as a result of federal mandates, others as championed by leadership. Ingredients desirable for successful performance contracts are explored in this paper. Although the research cannot conclusively attribute performance contract to more effective and efficient service delivery, it does provide evidence of expanded use of performance contracts and the potential for improved accountability and service delivery relationship between state government and nonprofits.In part as a result of the New Public Management, government organizations are devolving their responsibilities for services. This includes from the national government to states to local governments, as well as from government to non-profit and for profit organizations. The phenomenon of increasingly privatized government services and its implication for an enhanced role for the nonprofit sector in the United States is well-documented throughout much of the public administration literature.Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. Yet, despite their increasing popularity, many questions about this emerging trend have remained largely unanswered. A team of researchers(1 from the University of Delaware has been involved in studying various aspects of the relationship in the contractual arrangement between state government, human service agencies and non-profit organizations.This paper will focus on the performance contract

  1. Contraction theory based adaptive synchronization of chaotic systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contraction theory based stability analysis exploits the incremental behavior of trajectories of a system with respect to each other. Application of contraction theory provides an alternative way for stability analysis of nonlinear systems. This paper considers the design of a control law for synchronization of certain class of chaotic systems based on backstepping technique. The controller is selected so as to make the error dynamics between the two systems contracting. Synchronization problem with and without uncertainty in system parameters is discussed and necessary stability proofs are worked out using contraction theory. Suitable adaptation laws for unknown parameters are proposed based on the contraction principle. The numerical simulations verify the synchronization of the chaotic systems. Also parameter estimates converge to their true values with the proposed adaptation laws.

  2. 78 FR 6168 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), we are publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  3. 77 FR 14522 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), FEC PROCUREMENT DIVISION is publishing this notice to advise...

  4. 76 FR 5589 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), FEC PROCUREMENT DIVISION is publishing this notice to advise...

  5. Defining and Measuring the Success of Service Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Frank D.; Newton, James M.; D'Amato, Salvatore A.

    2012-01-01

    MBA Professional Report Approved for public release, distribution unlimited Services acquisition in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has continued to increase in scope and dollars in the past decade. The DoD has spent more on services than on supplies, equipment and goods together, totaling approximately 57% of total acquisition expenditures and nearly a third of the total DoD budget. As a result, the agency must give greater attention to the management of services acquisition. Stak...

  6. No Magic Solution: An examination of the arguments in favour of contracting out government services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joey O'Brien

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper examines the arguments commonly used to support contracting out service delivery to the private sector and attempts to demonstrate that these arguments overestimate the benefits of contracting out.  First, the economic savings attributed to contracting out service delivery are considered and shown to omit important supplementary costs associated with the contracting process. Next empirical evidence is used to test the common argument that private sector service delivery is always superior to that of the public sector. Finally, the assertion that contracting out service delivery will lead to innovative solutions to government’s problems is explored. The paper attempts to demonstrate that internal reforms of government structures should be considered as a strong alternative option to contracting out.   

  7. 10 CFR 15.32 - Contracting for collection services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... services in accordance with the guidance and standards contained in 31 CFR chapter IX, parts 900-904. ... recover delinquent debts only if the debts are not subject to the DCIA requirement to transfer debts...

  8. 48 CFR 217.171 - Multiyear contracts for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... services that include— (i) An unfunded contingent liability in excess of $20 million (Section 8008(a) of... contingent liabilities for the assembly, training, or transportation of a specialized work force; and...

  9. Contracting For Public Transit Services: Evaluating the Tradeoffs

    OpenAIRE

    Frick, Karen Trapenberg; Taylor, Brian; Wachs, Martin

    2008-01-01

    When considering public transit, travelers typically judge whether it serves desired destinations in a timely manner and at a reasonable cost – often in comparison to traveling by private vehicle. How public transit agencies choose to operate their services – their networks, service frequency, and fare structures – to compete with private vehicles and provide mobility for those without them is the subject of this synthesis. Specifically, we examine the "make" or "buy" decision in public trans...

  10. Extended warranties, maintenance service and lease contracts modeling and analysis for decision-making

    CERN Document Server

    Murthy, D N Prabhakar

    2014-01-01

    Serving to unify the existing literature on extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, this book also presents a unique perspective on the topic focussed on cost analysis and decision-making from the perspectives of the parties involved. Using a game theoretic approach together with mathematical modelling, results are presented in an integrated manner with key topics that require further research highlighted in order to serve as a starting point for researchers (engineers and statisticians) who are interested in doing further work in these areas. Designed to assist practitioners (managers, engineers, applied statisticians) who are involved with extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, the book provides them with the models and techniques needed for proper cost analysis and effective decision-making. The book is also suitable for use as a reference text in industrial engineering, applied statistics, operations research and management.

  11. THE IMPACT OF PROCUREMENT METHOD OF THE TRANSPORT SERVICES TO THE FINANCIAL REQUIREMENT OF PERFORMANCE CONTRACTING ENTITY

    OpenAIRE

    Miloš POLIAK; Anna KRIŽANOVÁ; Štefánia SEMANOVÁ; Ľubica ŠTEFÁNIKOVÁ

    2013-01-01

    The paper deals with the issue of the impact of procurement method of the transport services to the financial requirement of performance contracting entity. In the first part, it describes the current state of transport services financing in the Slovak Republic and risk analysis, which is related to transport services procurement and conclusion of the service contract in the transport services ensuring. The rest of the paper defines the impact of procurement method of the transport services t...

  12. Legal Issues of A Surrogacy Contract Based on Iranian Acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Pirouz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Assistive technologies have always opened new horizons in human's life, posed solutions to problemsand brought relief and prosperity for human beings. Iranian judicial authorities have recently recognizedthe importance of medical technologies. Accordingly, Iranian legal system has recognized surrogacy anda surrogacy contract seems unavoidable for surrogacy to be legally valid, socially acceptable andreligiously legitimate. As a legal defense of including a typical surrogacy contract in contract law, thisreview studies the four building blocks of a valid contract: the intention and consent of parties, theirlegal capacity, the subject of the contract and its legitimacy. Discussing related Iranian Acts concerningcontracts and responsibilities of parties, the authors of the present article deal with main commitmentsand responsibilities of the parties to a typical surrogacy contract: infertile couples, surrogate, fertilityclinic or medical institute, and surrogate's husband. The authors conclude that a surrogacy contract isaccepted based on article 10 of Iranian Civil Act 1928, pose some suggestions to be included in such acontract, and emphasize that a specific Act concerning surrogacy should be approved to cover rights andlegal needs of all parties to a surrogacy contract.

  13. Perceived Barriers to Utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health Services in Contracted-Out Versus Government-Managed Health Facilities in the Rural Districts of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atif Riaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background A number of developing countries have contracted out public health facilities to the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs in order to improve service utilization. However, there is a paucity of in-depth qualitative information on barriers to access services as a result of contracting from service users’ perspective. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH services, in health facilities contracted out by government to NGO for service provision versus in those which are managed by government (non-contracted. Methods A community-based qualitative exploratory study was conducted between April to September 2012 at two contracted-out and four matched non-contracted primary healthcare facilities in Thatta and Chitral, rural districts of Pakistan. Using semi-structured guide, the data were collected through thirty-six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs conducted with mothers and their spouses in the catchment areas of selected facilities. Thematic analysis was performed using NVivo version 10.0 in which themes and sub-themes emerged. Results Key barriers reported in contracted sites included physical distance, user charges and familial influences. Whereas, poor functionality of health centres was the main barrier for non-contracted sites with other issues being comparatively less salient. Decision-making patterns for participants of both catchments were largely similar. Spouses and mother-in-laws particularly influenced the decision to utilize health facilities. Conclusion Contracting out of health facility reduces supply side barriers to MNH services for the community served but distance, user charges and low awareness remain significant barriers. Contracting needs to be accompanied by measures for transportation in remote settings, oversight on user fee charges by contractor, and strong communitybased behavior change strategies.

  14. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspective with benefits and costs to either party in a process.

  15. WEB SERVICE BASED RELIABLE - SHELTERED MEDI HELPER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Priya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The veracity and secrecy of medical information which is transacted over the Internet is vulnerable to attack. But the transaction of such details is mandatory in order to avail the luxury of medical services anywhere, anytime. Especially in a web service enabled system for hospital management, it becomes necessary to address these security issues. It is mandatory that the services guarantee message delivery to software applications, with a chosen level of quality of service (QoS. This paper presents a VDM++ based specification for modelling a security framework for web services with non repudiation to ensure that a party in a dispute cannot repudiate, or refute the validity of a statement or contract and it is ensured that the transaction happens in a reliable manner. This model presents the procedure and technical options to have a secure communication over Internet with web services. Based on the model the Medi - Helper is developed to use the technologies of WS-Security, WS-Reliability and WS-Policy, WSRN in order to create encrypted messages so that the Patient’s medical records are not tampered with when relayed over Internet, and are sent in a reliable manner. In addition to authentication, integrity, confidentiality, as proposed in this paper security framework for healthcare based web services is equipped with non repudiation which is not inclusive in many existing frameworks.

  16. Pet health insurances and contract services: the potential for practice involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, N; Gripper, J; Hallam, E W; Foster, S L; Walsby, J W; Gunn, S D; Carter, D

    1979-06-01

    Pet medical insurance has appreciable advantages and the existing policies appear to provide a beneficial service. But administrative costs of the small premiums involved make it of doubtful commercial attraction or benefit to the client. However, practice contract service schemes reduce administrative costs and can provide many of the advantages of insurance. Such a scheme is described. A coordinating agency outside the practice to produce promotional material, contracts, formulae for setting premiums and exclusions and to act as an arbitration agency for disputes could be established given the demand. PMID:483538

  17. Toward a better understanding of psychological contract breach: a study of customer service employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deery, Stephen J; Iverson, Roderick D; Walsh, Janet T

    2006-01-01

    Experiences of psychological contract breach have been associated with a range of negative behavior. However, much of the research has focused on master of business administration alumni and managers and made use of self-reported outcomes. Studying a sample of customer service employees, the research found that psychological contract breach was related to lower organizational trust, which, in turn was associated with perceptions of less cooperative employment relations and higher levels of absenteeism. Furthermore, perceptions of external market pressures moderated the effect of psychological contract breach on absenteeism. The study indicated that psychological contract breach can arise when employees perceive discrepancies between an organization's espoused behavioral standards and its actual behavioral standards, and this can affect discretionary absence. PMID:16435946

  18. Financial Consumer Protection in the EU : Towards a Self-Sufficient European Contract Law for Consumer Financial Services?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cherednychenko, O.O.

    2014-01-01

    The rapid expansion of European contract law in the field of consumer financial services gives rise to the question to what extent it is self-sufficient. A self-sufficient European contract law presupposes the existence of an EU-made and EU-enforced contract-related legal order which is largely dist

  19. The Use of Performance Contracts for Delivery of Social Services in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Maria P. Aristigueta; Lynne R. Foote

    2009-01-01

    Devolution and the New Public Management has increased the privatization of government service and enhanced the role for the nonprofit sector in the United States. Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. This paper outlines the findings of a two year study which took place at the University of Delaware between September 2005 and April 2007, entitled The Forward Together Project. Ad hoc implementation of performance...

  20. Universal service obligations in utility concession contracts and the needs of the poor in Argentina's privatization

    OpenAIRE

    Chisari, Omar; Estache, Antonio

    1991-01-01

    The authors summarize the main lessons emerging from Argentina's experience, including universal service obligations in concession contracts. They discuss free-riding risks, moral hazard problems, and other issues that arise when social concerns are delegated to private operators. After reporting on Argentina's experience, the authors suggest some guidelines: 1) Anticipate interjurisdictional externalities. Users'mobility makes targeting service obligations difficult. 2) Minimize the risks im...

  1. INSURANCE CONTRACTS BASED ON INDICES, A STEP TOWARDS WEATHER DERIVATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boton#537; Horia-Mircea

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the methodology of structuring an index based insurance contract. The weather has always been the biggest risk factor in agriculture, affecting all aspects of the economic sectors. In the developed countries of the world, there is a significant number of rain-dependent farmers. To gain insight into potential growth of weather markets in developed countries, we are going to analyze the case of India. In 2003, Basix microfinance company in Hyderabad and ICICI Lombard insurance company in Mumbai have launched a pilot weather insurance, which had as basic index phenomena for Mahahbubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. Further detail can be found in the full-paper. In the paper we will enumerate the appropriate steps in the determining the necessity for the use of index based insurances. The appropriate stages are making a comparison between index based insurances and traditional insurances, and optimizing the use of weather indices in insurance contracts. In order for the contracts to be successful , the recommended steps are : developing a product based in an index, and after the we need to plan and implement the contract. In planning the implementation it is needed that we: identify the risks and areas where they manifest, then identify the best distribution channels; after this we can develop a prototype of the contract. The next step would the testing of the negotiability of the contract, then the contract is opened to be finalized. After this the index based insurance contract can be introduced to the market, but the program needs monitoring in order to insure its successfulness. In order for the market and contract to grow the necessary step are: having access to the necessary meteorological data, determine the optimal way of integrating the contract in the existing economical context, technical feasibility, property rights and the legal framework. In the end, the aim is to familiarize the literacy field and

  2. 78 FR 13383 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012... Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, PSC codes... National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  3. 76 FR 6827 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautic and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... Administration (NASA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of its FY 2010...

  4. 77 FR 7184 - Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... Administration (NARA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of its FY 2011...

  5. 77 FR 7183 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public... 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this...

  6. 46 CFR 310.58 - Service obligation for students executing or reexecuting contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contract shall obligate each midshipman who is a citizen and who executes or reexecutes a service... for waivers shall be submitted in writing to the Academies Program Officer, Office of Policy and Plans... conduct records, to the Academies Program Officer, Maritime Administration, Office of Policy and...

  7. 76 FR 38179 - Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES...: 126,870. Responses per Respondent: 1.36. Total Responses: 172,500 Hours Per Response: .399 Total... ADMINISTRATION Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract...

  8. 76 FR 8402 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the accessibility of VA's FY 2010 service contract inventory available at http://www1.va.gov...@va.gov . Approved: February 7, 2010. John R. Gingrich, Chief of Staff, Department of Veterans...

  9. 75 FR 20578 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2008 Defense Threat Reduction Agency Services Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2008 Defense Threat Reduction Agency Services Contracts Inventory AGENCY: Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), DoD. ACTION: Notice of availability... concerning this inventory to David Braxton, Senior Procurement Analyst, Defense Threat Reduction...

  10. 48 CFR 728.313 - Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... all U.S. marine insurance companies have a fair opportunity to bid for marine insurance when such... required for use in any USAID-direct contract where marine insurance is necessary or appropriate. ... insurance of transportation or transportation-related services. 728.313 Section 728.313 Federal...

  11. 75 FR 54179 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation Formula for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation Formula for Leasehold... proposed alternative formula for the valuation of leasehold surrender interest (LSI) to be included in its... $10 million. The comment suggests that this approach would achieve the NPS objective of...

  12. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    . It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...

  13. 77 FR 75766 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... expected to comply with the business ethics requirements of FAR subpart 3.10 and the relevant clauses in... FR 26232 on May 3, 2012, to implement Executive Order (E.O.) 13495, Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts, dated January 30, 2009, published at 74 FR 6103 on February 4, 2009,...

  14. Contracting but not without caution: experience with outsourcing of health services in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The public sector in developing countries is increasingly contracting with the non-state sector to improve access, efficiency and quality of health services. We conducted a multicountry study to assess the range of health services contracted out, the process of contracting and its influencing factors in ten countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. Our results ...

  15. Strategies and structures for drilling and service contracts in the nineties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drilling in the Nineties initiatives were introduced to the industry in early 1990. Contractual mechanisms for the application of these initiatives have been developed to meet the challenges. This paper describes the major elements of these mechanisms. This paper reports that the strategy foreseen for integrating services to provide a total service concept either directly through a drilling contractor or in parallel to a drilling contractor is described. The latter concept envisages a service contractor providing multiple services on an incentive basis in parallel to a drilling contractor. The challenge to the operator is to provide a framework for co-operation, through the contracts, with one or each of these parties such that they perform as if a single entity. The newly developed structure of Designated Subcontracts is introduced. This defines the relationship between the drilling contractor and the subcontractors providing designated services. In this manner many of the difficulties encountered through subcontracting additional services have been overcome

  16. The Nuclear Regulator's Role in Assessing Licensee. Oversight of Vendor and Other Contracted Services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contracted services are an integral part of the design, construction and operation of a nuclear facility. Changes in the nuclear industry sector, including varied availability of nuclear expertise, the expansion of the international supply market and the introduction of new technologies, have tended to increase licensees' use of contracted services. These changes have created challenges for licensees and regulators related to the retention of nuclear expertise, the effective management of the interfaces between the licensees and contractors, and the oversight of contractor manufacturing quality in the context of greater multinational diversity. The regulatory body must address these challenges to provide assurance that the licensees maintain their responsibility for the safety of the facilities, regardless of who provides goods and services or where the activities involved in the supply chain take place. This report is intended to assist regulatory bodies in assessing their current practices for the regulatory oversight of licensees' use of contractors, and adapting them where necessary to meet the evolving situation

  17. Contracting but not without caution: experience with outsourcing of health services in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqi, Sameen; Masud, Tayyeb Imran; Sabri, Belgacem

    2006-11-01

    The public sector in developing countries is increasingly contracting with the non-state sector to improve access, efficiency and quality of health services. We conducted a multicountry study to assess the range of health services contracted out, the process of contracting and its influencing factors in ten countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. Our results showed that Afghanistan, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan had experience with outsourcing of primary care services; Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia extensively contracted out hospital and ambulatory care services; while Bahrain, Morocco and the Syrian Arab Republic outsourced mainly non-clinical services. The interest of the non-state sector in contracting was to secure a regular source of revenue and gain enhanced recognition and credibility. While most countries promoted contracting with the private sector, the legal and bureaucratic support in countries varied with the duration of experience with contracting. The inherent risks evident in the contracting process were reliance on donor funds, limited number of providers in rural areas, parties with vested interests gaining control over the contracting process, as well as poor monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Contracting provides the opportunity to have greater control over private providers in countries with poor regulatory capacity, and if used judiciously can improve health system performance. PMID:17143460

  18. Professionalism & Performance-based Contracting : Transparency, accountability or interference?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomkens, R.F.

    2015-01-01

    Currently, there is an intense debate on the “marketization” of health care and its consequences for the work of professionals. With the introduction of performance-based contracting, health insurers in the Netherlands are now expected to transform from passive payers to prudent and critical purchas

  19. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neacșu, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommended.

  20. Forest owners' willingness to accept contracts for ecosystem service provision is sensitive to additionality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Suzanne Elizabeth; Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl; Thorsen, Bo Jellesmark

    2015-01-01

    eliciting current practice prior to a choice experiment on contracts. For most of these ecosystem services, owners differentiate their WTA significantly according to their current management. Owners who did not provide extended access had a mean WTA of €14/ha/year for accepting access up to 15 m from roads...... contracts for the provision of ecosystem services in Natura 2000 policies in a sample covering 12.5% of the total private forest area. This involves allowing old trees to decay naturally, setting aside forest areas, accepting a fixed percentage of broadleaves and increasing access for the public. Forest...... and paths and €28/ha/year for accepting access everywhere in their forest. However, forest owners who already allow extended access have a mean WTA around zero....

  1. Service-based dominant logic

    OpenAIRE

    Neganova, Irina

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: to investigate a concept of service-based dominant logic, define it, reveal its dimensions, theoretical framework, and managerial implications. Design/methodology/approach: the topic is approached by theoretical analysis and conceptual development. Using a definition of the dominant logic as a mind set or a world view the present article suggests ‘service-based dominant logic’ as a name for a generic theoretical concept instead of the widely used ‘service-dominant logic’ whic...

  2. Analysing Shared Service Contracts: The Case of Food Services for Winnipeg Hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Cyrenne, Philippe

    1999-01-01

    In November 1994, Winnipeg’s nine urban hospitals announced that they agreed to pursue opportunities to share four common support services - food services, material management, biomedical waste disposal and laundry to determine the potential for improving efficiency, reducing duplication and increasing buying power. A new non-profit organization called the Urban Shared Services Corporation (USSC)was created to manage the shared functions. Given that a majority of hospitals have chos...

  3. 48 CFR 48.201 - Clauses for supply or service contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... production, based on planning and programming or production documentation at the time the VECP is accepted... production, based on planning and programming or production documentation at the time the VECP is accepted... low-rate-initial-production or early production units, the contracting officer must modify the...

  4. Implementation of OGC Web Map Service Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Wenjue; CHEN Yumin; GONG Jianya

    2004-01-01

    OGC Web Map Service is one kind of OGC Portrayal Services belongs to OGC Web Service model and it provides multi-platform interoperability of spatial data set. This paper presents a method for implementing OGC Web Map Service based on Web Service technique and introduces the detailed process.

  5. Hospital-based neuropsychological services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sciara, A D

    1986-01-01

    Hospital-based neuropsychological services may provide the hospital with a new means of interfacing with the general medical community, especially neurologists and neurosurgeons. This could produce increased census through the evaluation and treatment of patients who may not have been referred to the psychiatric hospital previously. Additionally, it is a service that can be marketed to the legal community. The establishment of neuropsychological services is a relatively inexpensive project that requires little in the way of physical plant and personnel needs other than a qualified technician and neuropsychologist. PMID:10279536

  6. 77 FR 54924 - Temporary Concession Contract for the Operation of Lodging, Food and Beverage and Retail Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ...The National Park Service intends to award a temporary concession contract to a qualified person for the conduct of certain visitor services within Canyon de Chelly National Mounument for a term not to exceed 3 years. The visitor services include lodging, food and beverage and...

  7. 78 FR 12422 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ....whitehouse.gov/omb/procurement-service-contract-inventories . VA posted the report, inventory, and a summary of the inventory on the VA Web site at: http://www.va.gov/oal/business/pps/scaInventory.asp . FOR... contract inventory should be directed to Marilyn Harris at (202) 461-6918, or...

  8. Performance-based contracts for road projects comparative analysis of different types

    CERN Document Server

    Gajurel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on the aspects of contracting contracts, basically related to road construction and management contracts. The book presents an analytical study of Performance-Based Road Management and Maintenance (PMMR), Funktionsbauvertrag (FBV) (Function-Based Construction Contract) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A separate chapter is also included about the comparative study of these contract types. The book provides useful material for university libraries, construction companies and government departments of construction.

  9. Contracting with private providers for primary care services: evidence from urban China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Eggleston, Karen; Yu, Zhenjie; Zhang, Qiong

    2013-01-01

    Controversy surrounds the role of the private sector in health service delivery, including primary care and population health services. China's recent health reforms call for non-discrimination against private providers and emphasize strengthening primary care, but formal contracting-out initiatives remain few, and the associated empirical evidence is very limited. This paper presents a case study of contracting with private providers for urban primary and preventive health services in Shandong Province, China. The case study draws on three primary sources of data: administrative records; a household survey of over 1600 community residents in Weifang and City Y; and a provider survey of over 1000 staff at community health stations (CHS) in both Weifang and City Y. We supplement the quantitative data with one-on-one, in-depth interviews with key informants, including local officials in charge of public health and government finance.We find significant differences in patient mix: Residents in the communities served by private community health stations are of lower socioeconomic status (more likely to be uninsured and to report poor health), compared to residents in communities served by a government-owned CHS. Analysis of a household survey of 1013 residents shows that they are more willing to do a routine health exam at their neighborhood CHS if they are of low socioeconomic status (as measured either by education or income). Government and private community health stations in Weifang did not statistically differ in their performance on contracted dimensions, after controlling for size and other CHS characteristics. In contrast, the comparison City Y had lower performance and a large gap between public and private providers. We discuss why these patterns arose and what policymakers and residents considered to be the main issues and concerns regarding primary care services. PMID:23327666

  10. 77 FR 22831 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory... Business Administration homepage at the following link:...

  11. Audit Report on Management Controls over the Use of Service Contracts at the Office of River Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of River Protection (ORP) is responsible for the storage, treatment, and disposal of over 53 million gallons of highly radioactive waste from over 40 years of plutonium production at the Hanford Site. Because of the diversity, complexity, and large scope of its mission, coupled with its small staff, ORP told us that it has found it necessary to engage in service contracts to obtain consulting services, technical expertise, and support staff. Federal policy generally permits contractors to perform a wide range of support service activities, including, in most situations, the drafting of Government documents subject to the review and approval of Federal employees. Federal policy issued by the Office of Management and Budget, however, prohibits contractors from drafting agency responses to Congressional inquiries and reports issued by the Office of Inspector General and Government Accountability Office (GAO) because they are so closely related to the public interest and provide the appearance of private influence. To provide a majority of its needed services, ORP issued a Blanket Purchase Agreement to Project Assistance Corporation (PAC) in 2003. Through the Blanket Purchase Agreement, ORP acquired services in the areas of project management, risk assessment, program assessment, quality assurance, safety, cost and schedule estimating, budgeting and finance, and engineering. PAC has, in turn, subcontracted with various other firms to obtain some of the services needed by ORP. From 2005 to 2008, the total annual cost for the contract with PAC had grown from $4.7 million to $9.2 million. Because of the extent of the services provided and growing costs of the contract, we conducted this review to determine whether ORP appropriately administered its contract with the Project Assistance Corporation. Our review disclosed that, in some instances, ORP had not appropriately administered all work performed under the PAC contract

  12. 78 FR 16563 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY 2012. The information is organized by......

  13. Maintenance service contract model for heavy equipment in mining industry using principal agent theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakpahan, Eka K. A.; Iskandar, Bermawi P.

    2015-12-01

    Mining industry is characterized by a high operational revenue, and hence high availability of heavy equipment used in mining industry is a critical factor to ensure the revenue target. To maintain high avaliability of the heavy equipment, the equipment's owner hires an agent to perform maintenance action. Contract is then used to control the relationship between the two parties involved. The traditional contracts such as fixed price, cost plus or penalty based contract studied is unable to push agent's performance to exceed target, and this in turn would lead to a sub-optimal result (revenue). This research deals with designing maintenance contract compensation schemes. The scheme should induce agent to select the highest possible maintenance effort level, thereby pushing agent's performance and achieve maximum utility for both parties involved. Principal agent theory is used as a modeling approach due to its ability to simultaneously modeled owner and agent decision making process. Compensation schemes considered in this research includes fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing. The optimal decision is obtained using a numerical method. The results show that if both parties are risk neutral, then there are infinite combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing produced the same optimal solution. The combination of fixed price and cost sharing contract results in the optimal solution when the agent is risk averse, while the optimal combination of fixed price and revenue sharing contract is obtained when agent is risk averse. When both parties are risk averse, the optimal compensation scheme is a combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing.

  14. Proposal for the award of an industrial service contract for stores operations and relatedlogistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an industrial support contract for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium ISS (CH) - ISS (ES), for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 10 312 028 Swiss francs not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period.

  15. 77 FR 50121 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... quantifiable indicator of progress and achievement that includes outcome, output, input, efficiency, and... IHS and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) based on Tribal input through a broad based..., information regarding technologies currently used (i.e., hardware, software, services, etc.), and identify...

  16. Optimal Service Pricing for Cloud Based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Mishra,; Manish Shrivastava

    2012-01-01

    Cloud computing is a profound revolution in the way it offers the computation capability. The main objective now is to reduce the cost of deploying a service in the cloud and having proper coordinative in between models. Public, private, and hybrid cloud environments all face the performance limitations inherent in today’s applications and networks. In order for enterprises to maximize the flexibility and cost savings of the Public, private, and hybrid cloud they must overcome the same latenc...

  17. Diversification or splitting-an explanation based on Contract Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Liang-zhong; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    By inserting the variable of the exactness of corporate valuation into the classic model of Contract Theory, this paper,on the bases of the interaction of the variables of the veraciousness of corporate valuation, managerial incentives and operational risks, explores the deep-seated reasons for changes in corporate structures, and draws the conclusion that the divestment of the subsidiary is beneficial to shareholders when the parent corporate is undervalued and that the relation between the parent and the subsidiary is disordered, or vice versa. This conclusion is consistent with the motives of many divestiture cases in reality.

  18. An agent-based model for energy service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • An agent-based model for household energy efficiency upgrades is considered. • Energy service companies provide an alternative to traditional utility providers. • Household self-financing is a limiting factor to widespread efficiency upgrading. • Longer term service contracts can lead to reduced household energy costs. • Future energy price increases enable service providers to retain their customer base. - Abstract: The residential housing sector is a major consumer of energy accounting for approximately one third of carbon emissions in the United Kingdom. Achieving a sustainable, low-carbon infrastructure necessitates a reduced and more efficient use of domestic energy supplies. Energy service companies offer an alternative to traditional providers, which supply a single utility product to satisfy the unconstrained demand of end users, and have been identified as a potentially important actor in sustainable future economies. An agent-based model is developed to examine the potential of energy service companies to contribute to the large scale upgrading of household energy efficiency, which would ultimately lead to a more sustainable and secure energy infrastructure. The migration of households towards energy service companies is described by an attractiveness array, through which potential customers can evaluate the future benefits, in terms of household energy costs, of changing provider. It is shown that self-financing is a limiting factor to the widespread upgrading of residential energy efficiency. Greater reductions in household energy costs could be achieved by committing to longer term contracts, allowing upgrade costs to be distributed over greater time intervals. A steadily increasing cost of future energy usage lends an element of stability to the market, with energy service companies displaying the ability to retain customers on contract expiration. The model highlights how a greater focus on the provision of energy services, as

  19. Contract-net-based scheduling for holonic manufacturing systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchanasevee, Pinij; Biswas, Gautam; Kawamura, Kazuhiko; Tamura, Satoru

    1997-12-01

    Manufacturing is currently undergoing a revolutionary transition with focus shifting from mass production to mass customization. This trend motivates a new generation of advanced manufacturing systems that can dynamically respond to customer orders and changing production environments. It is becoming increasingly important to develop control architectures that are modifiable, extensible, reconfigurable, adaptable, and fault tolerant. Heterarchical control structures, made up of multiple, distributed, locally autonomous entities, provide this kind of control. Our research focus is on efficient and effective scheduling and routing methodologies that can be applied to heterarchically controlled manufacturing processes. The Contract-Net based scheduling approach, developed in distributed artificial intelligence (DAI), adopts a multi-agent cooperative problem- solving paradigm based on bidding and negotiation mechanisms to implement production plans as distributed and localized schedules for individual workstations. This paper discusses a Contract-Net based scheduling algorithm in a realistic manufacturing testbed, a model induction motor assembly plant. This testbed, developed as part of the HMS project, is a typical example of low-volume, high-variety production facility, and it highlights many of the problems that arise from the inflexibility of centralized management system architectures.

  20. 76 FR 5647 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  1. Strategies and Lessons-Learned for the Successful Alignment of Contract Cost with the Contract Budget Base (CBB) within the First Year of Contract Award - 13154

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to provide a sound basis and foundation for integrated Project and Contract change management, it is imperative to ensure the alignment of the Negotiated Contract Costs (NCC) with the Contract Budget Base (CBB), where CBB is defined as the Performance Measurement Baseline (PMB) plus Management Reserve (MR). The achievement of this alignment assures customer and contractor agreement on scope, requirements, quantities, schedule and cost, which facilitates the identification of change conditions and ultimate agreement on the value of changes to the NCC and the CBB. Delays in contract/CBB true up/reconciliation can negatively effect measurement of project progress, limiting owner understanding of liability, and may result in increased contract disagreements and potential claims. The Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (OR-EM) and URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) achieved alignment of the NCC with the CBB within 10 months of UCOR taking over work on the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) cleanup contract by: 1. Managing as a discrete project; 2. Establishing expectations and setting tone of interactions; 3. Using personnel experienced with Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR); 4. Partnering; 5. Establishing ombudsmen. (authors)

  2. THE TEMPERATURE-BASED DERIVATIVES CONTRACTS – NEW PRODUCTS OF WEATHER RISK INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mirela MATEI; Cătălin VOICA

    2011-01-01

    The temperature-based derivatives contracts have appeared while the first deregulations in the utilities and the energy sectors from USA in the years 1990-2000. The transfer of the some services in the private sector has involved a better control of costs and revenues of different companies. The private investors who have turned to this area, have imposed a risk reduction management more complex than that used by any public company, in order to ensure their profits and a smaller variation of ...

  3. A trace-based model for multiparty contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved, Tom; Klaedtke, Felix; Zalinescu, Eugen

    2012-01-01

    In this article we present a model for multiparty contracts in which contract conformance is defned abstractly as a property on traces. A key feature of our model is blame assignment, which means that for a given contract, every breach is attributed to a set of parties. We show that blame...

  4. Combinational Services for NGN based IPTV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mikóczy, E.; Schumann, S.; Stokking, H.M.; Deventer, M.O. van; Niamut, O.A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the general concept of combinational/blended services for IP-based Television (IPTV) services in next generation networks towards its service oriented architecture concept (SOA). Besides introducing general approaches of service reusability (SOA concepts), the service enables (e

  5. Attracting Health Insurance Buyers through Selective Contracting: Results of a Discrete-Choice Experiment among Users of Hospital Services in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelien Bergrath

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2006, the Netherlands commenced market based reforms in its health care system. The reforms included selective contracting of health care providers by health insurers. This paper focuses on how health insurers may increase their market share on the health insurance market through selective contracting of health care providers. Selective contracting is studied by eliciting the preferences of health care consumers for attributes of health care services that an insurer could negotiate on behalf of its clients with health care providers. Selective contracting may provide incentives for health care providers to deliver the quality that consumers need and demand. Selective contracting also enables health insurers to steer individual patients towards selected health care providers. We used a stated preference technique known as a discrete choice experiment to collect and analyze the data. Results indicate that consumers care about both costs and quality of care, with healthy consumers placing greater emphasis on costs and consumers with poorer health placing greater emphasis on quality of care. It is possible for an insurer to satisfy both of these criteria by selective contracting health care providers who consequently purchase health care that is both efficient and of good quality.

  6. Location Based Services and Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenis Gorrita Michel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Location Based Services (LBS continue to grow in popularity, effectiveness and reliability, to the extent that applications are designed and implemented taking into account the facilities of the user location information. In this work, some of the main applications are addressed, in order to make an assessment of the current importance of the LBS, as a branch of technology in full swing. In addition, the main techniques for location estimation are studied, essential information to the LBS. Because of this it is a highly topical issue, the ongoing works and researches are also discussed.

  7. Soil-based ecosystem services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghaley, Bhim Bahadur; Porter, John Roy; Sandhu, Harpinder S.

    2014-01-01

    Among the soil-based ecosystem services (ES), nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration have direct influence on the biogeochemical cycles and greenhouse gas emissions affecting provision of other ES that support human existence. We reviewed methods to assess the two key ES by identifying their...... applied and (iii) detailed descriptions of the trial locations in terms of vegetation, soil type, location and climatic information. We concluded that (i) elemental stoichiometrical ratios could be a potential approach to assess the health of ecosystems in terms of provision of the two ES discussed, (ii...

  8. A Study into the Impact of Logistics Sophistication of Brazilian Shippers in the Pattern of Contracting the Services of Logistics Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Fernando Fleury

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the logistics sophistication of Brazilian shippers on the acquisition pattern of 3PL (third-party logistics service providers. The conceptual model of logistics sophistication and the major dimensions and variables relating to the acquisition pattern were defined and a questionnaire was sent to 218 Brazilian shippers listed on the Revista Exame ranking. Based on the 93 questionnaires returned, the analyses conducted indicate that the most sophisticated shippers are durable goods manufacturers and that they contract 3PL services providers for inventory management and higher value added services. In essence, these results indicate that the most sophisticated shippers seek 3PL service providers capable of managing logistics trade-offs such as inventory levels vs. asset utilization levels. These implications on the selection criteria of 3PL service providers are also discussed.

  9. Barreras para la normalización de la telemedicina en un sistema de salud basado en la concertación de servicios Barriers to the normalization of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Roig

    2011-10-01

    participate in the design and implementation of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts. Methods: We performed a qualitative study based on data from semi-structured interviews with 17 key informants belonging to distinct Catalan health organizations. Results: The barriers identified were grouped in four areas: technological, organizational, human and economic. The main barriers identified were changes in the healthcare model caused by telemedicine, problems with strategic alignment, resistance to change in the (redefinition of roles, responsibilities and new skills, and lack of a business model that incorporates telemedicine in the services portfolio to ensure its sustainability. Conclusions: In addition to suitable management of change and of the necessary strategic alignment, the definitive normalization of telemedicine in a mixed healthcare model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts requires a clear and stable business model that incorporates this modality in the services portfolio and allows healthcare organizations to obtain reimbursement from the payer.

  10. Service contract with periodic preventive maintenance for a dump truck sold with a two-dimensional warranty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasrum, A.; Pasaribu, U. S.; Husniah, H.

    2016-02-01

    This paper deals with maintenance service contract for a dump truck sold with a two-dimensional warranties. We consider a situation where an agent offers two maintenance contract options and the owner of the equipment has to select the optimal option either the OEM carried out all repairs and preventive maintenance activities (option one) or the OEM only carries out failure while the costumer undertakes preventive maintenance action in-house (option two). As the number of preventive maintenance and corrective maintenance that occurs in the area of servicing contracts is very influential in determining the value of the contract, we have to determine the optimal time between preventive maintenance that can minimize the cost of repair in the contract area. Moreover, we also study the maintenance service contract considering reduction of the intensity function after preventive maintenance from both the owner and OEM point of views. In this paper, we use a Weibull intensity function to consider a product with increasing failure intensity. We use a non-cooperative game formulation to determine the optimal price structure (i.e., the contract price and repair cost) for the OEM and the owner. A numerical example derived from the model has shown that if the owner choose option one then the owner obtain a higher profit compared with the profit resulted from option two. The result agree with earlier work which uses the accelerated failure time (AFT) for the failure modeling, while here we model the failure of the dump truck without the use of the AFT.

  11. 77 FR 18106 - Award Fee for Service and End-Item Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    ...: Bill Roets, NASA, Office of Procurement, Contract Management Division, Room 5G86; (202) 358-4483; email... September 15, 2011 (76 FR 57014) updating NFS clause 52.216-76 to clarify that the amount of withheld award... exceed $100,000 for the contract, and add similar language to the Award Fee for End-Item Contracts...

  12. 78 FR 46365 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed or...

  13. 78 FR 27256 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related...(f) of the Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR...

  14. 78 FR 72109 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed or...

  15. 78 FR 72111 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... Public Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed...

  16. Personalization of Rule-based Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Sang Yong Han; Okkyung Choi

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays Web users have clearly expressed their wishes to receive personalized services directly. Personalization is the way to tailor services directly to the immediate requirements of the user. However, the current Web Services System does not provide any features supporting this such as consideration of personalization of services and intelligent matchmaking. In this research a flexible, personalized Rule-based Web Services System to address these problems and to enable efficient search, d...

  17. Audit-Proof Contracting for Federal Money for Children's Services: Financing Services for Children through Title XX and Other Programs. Manual 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, William C.

    This is the third of a 3-part series on how to locate, obtain, and manage Federal money for children's services. This manual concentrates on the contracting of money for specific programs. Emphasis is on Title XX of the Social Security Act, but attention is given also to alternative sources where Title XX funds are not sufficient. Although useful…

  18. Towards Design-by-Contract based software architecture design

    OpenAIRE

    Ozkaya, M.; Kloukinas, C.

    2013-01-01

    Design-by-Contract (DbC) gained wide familiarity among software developers for specifying software. It aids in documenting the behaviour of class methods as contracts between clients of the methods (pre-) and their suppliers (post-condition). This not only allows developers to document software behaviour precisely at such a high-level that can more easily be communicated, but also enables the formal verification of the behaviour. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive extension to DbC...

  19. Legal Issues of A Surrogacy Contract Based on Iranian Acts

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Pirouz; Nassrin Mehra

    2011-01-01

    Assistive technologies have always opened new horizons in human's life, posed solutions to problemsand brought relief and prosperity for human beings. Iranian judicial authorities have recently recognizedthe importance of medical technologies. Accordingly, Iranian legal system has recognized surrogacy anda surrogacy contract seems unavoidable for surrogacy to be legally valid, socially acceptable andreligiously legitimate. As a legal defense of including a typical surrogacy contract in contra...

  20. Indexer Based Dynamic Web Services Discovery

    CERN Document Server

    Bashir, Saba; Javed, M Younus; Khan, Aihab; Khiyal, Malik Sikandar Hayat

    2010-01-01

    Recent advancement in web services plays an important role in business to business and business to consumer interaction. Discovery mechanism is not only used to find a suitable service but also provides collaboration between service providers and consumers by using standard protocols. A static web service discovery mechanism is not only time consuming but requires continuous human interaction. This paper proposed an efficient dynamic web services discovery mechanism that can locate relevant and updated web services from service registries and repositories with timestamp based on indexing value and categorization for faster and efficient discovery of service. The proposed prototype focuses on quality of service issues and introduces concept of local cache, categorization of services, indexing mechanism, CSP (Constraint Satisfaction Problem) solver, aging and usage of translator. Performance of proposed framework is evaluated by implementing the algorithm and correctness of our method is shown. The results of p...

  1. Ontology Based Qos Driven Web Service Discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Suganyakala

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In today's scenario web services have become a grand vision to implement the business process functionalities. With increase in number of similar web services, one of the essential challenges is to discover relevant web service with regard to user specification. Relevancy of web service discovery can be improved by augmenting semantics through expressive formats like OWL. QoS based service selection will play a significant role in meeting the non-functional user requirements. Hence QoS and semantics has been used as finer search constraints to discover the most relevant service. In this paper, we describe a QoS framework for ontology based web service discovery. The QoS factors taken into consideration are execution time, response time, throughput, scalability, reputation, accessibility and availability. The behavior of each web service at various instances is observed over a period of time and their QoS based performance is analyzed.

  2. TVA nuclear power: Management of the nuclear program through personal services contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mr. Steven White, a retired admiral, is serving as manager of the TVA Office of Nuclear Power. GAO previously concluded that Mr. White's retention under contractual arrangements constituted the improper use of a personal services contract and represented a circumvention of the statutory ceiling on salary payments to TVA employees. This report finds that Mr. White's rate of pay is within the range of the salaries paid by a sample of nonfederal utilities to their top executives and is over two and a half times the average salary paid to executives who hold positions which appear to have responsibility for managing the utilities' power or nuclear power operations. GAO also found that (1) TVA's Office of Nuclear Power has employed an additional 25 persons since 1986 under arrangements similar to the employing arrangements of Mr. White and (2) TVA's Nuclear Safety Review staff no longer reports directly to the TVA Board of Directors and General Manager. It has relocated from Knoxville, Tennessee to Chattanooga, Tennessee

  3. Exploration of location-based services adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Mckenna, Brad; Tuunanen, T.; Gardner, L.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore aspects of user perceptions of their use of location-based services. As mobile technologies become more ubiquitous in the general population, it is reasonable to assume that individuals will consume services and software to enhance their aspirations and entertainment desires. This study begins by constructing a location-based service prototype simulation. It then conducts an experiment and analysis based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Te...

  4. Rule-based Knowledge Representation for Service Level Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Paschke, Adrian

    2006-01-01

    Automated management and monitoring of service contracts like Service Level Agreements (SLAs) or higher-level policies is vital for efficient and reliable distributed service-oriented architectures (SOA) with high quality of ser-vice (QoS) levels. IT service provider need to manage, execute and maintain thousands of SLAs for different customers and different types of services, which needs new levels of flexibility and automation not available with the current technol-ogy. I propose a novel ru...

  5. Adverse Risk Incentives and the Design of Performance-Based Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Grinblatt; Sheridan Titman

    1989-01-01

    This paper uses option pricing theory to value and analyze many performance-based fee contracts that are currently in use. A potential problem with some of these contracts is that they may induce portfolio managers to adversely alter the risk of the portfolios they manage. The paper is prescriptive in that it presents conditions for contract parameters that provide proper risk incentives for classes of investment strategies. For buy-and-hold and rebalancing strategies adverse risk incentives ...

  6. A Contract Based System For Large Data Visualization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Childs, H R; Brugger, E S; Bonnell, K S; Meredith, J S; Miller, M C; Whitlock, B J; Max, N L

    2005-04-12

    VisIt is a richly featured visualization tool that is used to visualize some of the largest simulations ever run. The scale of these simulations requires that optimizations are incorporated into every operation VisIt performs. But the set of applicable optimizations that VisIt can perform is dependent on the types of operations being done. Complicating the issue, VisIt has a plugin capability that allows new, unforeseen components to be added, making it even harder to determine which optimizations can be applied. We introduce the concept of a contract to the standard data flow network design. This contract enables each component of the data flow network to modify the set of optimizations used. In addition, the contract allows for new components to be accommodated gracefully within VisIt's data flow network system.

  7. Service-based Systems in Clinical Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Stantchev, Vladimir

    2008-01-01

    In this report we present an architectural approach to add quality-of-service (QoS) assurance and location awareness to service-based systems within existing clinical infrastructures. To address typical design requirements of such systems (e.g., cooperating services, performance and availability) the work proposes a service-oriented architecture (SOA) as architectural concept and architectural translucency to provide stable QoS. We evaluate position sensing systems, QoS assurance approaches a...

  8. 76 FR 24443 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... (202) 501-0044. Please cite FAR Case 2010-010. Correction In the proposed rule FR Doc. 2011-9515... simplified acquisition threshold (SAT). Contractors will be required to report on new fixed-price contracts... the threshold for new fixed-price contracts.'' Dated: April 27, 2011. Millisa Gary, Acting...

  9. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio (base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5−3.0 times the measured values.

  10. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio(base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5-3.0 times the measured values.

  11. FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS BASED PAY EFFECTIVE CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Иванович Долгий

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article examines the application of the principle of «effective contract», the contracting institution to be introduced into the system of labor relations. Purpose of the article is to offer an effective method of the contract for the design of incentives to domestic enterprises of different ownership forms, including the budget. Distinctive features of the work, reflecting its novelty is the use of a set of methods and techniques for building an effective motivational model, as well as practical experience in implementation of the proposed instruments in the activities of Russian enterprises. At the heart of the functioning of this institution are techniques improve the fairness of the forms and payroll systems. With the proposed program can be measured by the individual results of specific employees. Using the «effective contract» to be used in schools to improve the motivation of the teaching staff.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-61

  12. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises run by the CERN Housing Service. Following a market survey carried out among 32 firms in ten Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2404/AS/Rev.) was sent on 5 April 2000 to one firm and three consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from the firm and the three consortia. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium VIENNA INTERNATIONAL HOTEL MANAGEMENT (AT) - SEREG (CH), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of five years, to enter into force on 1 January 2001, for a total amount of 6 871 850 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 31 December 2001. The contract will include an option for two one-year extensions beyond the initial five-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-60%, AT-...

  13. Library-based scalable refinement checking for contract-based design

    OpenAIRE

    Iannopollo, A; Nuzzo, P; Tripakis, S; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, A.

    2014-01-01

    Given a global specification contract and a system described by a composition of contracts, system verification reduces to checking that the composite contract refines the specification contract, i.e. that any implementation of the composite contract implements the specification contract and is able to operate in any environment admitted by it. Contracts are captured using high-level declarative languages, for example, linear temporal logic (LTL). In this case, refinement checking reduces to ...

  14. Privacy-Preserving Location-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Chi Yin

    2010-01-01

    Location-based services (LBS for short) providers require users' current locations to answer their location-based queries, e.g., range and nearest-neighbor queries. Revealing personal location information to potentially untrusted service providers could create privacy risks for users. To this end, our objective is to design a privacy-preserving…

  15. Contracting-In Management to Strengthen Publicly Financed Primary Health Services--The Experience of Punjab, Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Loevinsohn, B.; Haq, I. U.; Couffinhal, A.; Pande, A.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: In response to low utilization of primary health services in rural areas, the Government of Punjab contracted with a local non-governmental organization (NGO) to manage the basic health units in one district. METHODS: To evaluate the performance of the contractor, health facility surveys, household surveys, and routinely collected information were used to compare the experimental district (Rahim Yar Khan, RYK) with a contiguous and equally poor district (Bahawalpur, BWP). RESULTS:...

  16. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 1 Negotiated Service Agreement, December 14, 2012 (Notice). The... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive...

  17. Signaling and contract cost under weak governance: Water service privatization in Metro-Manila, Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Fabella, Raul V.

    2012-01-01

    Many supply contracts between the state and private agents in a developing country are cost-re-imbursement variety and are rolled out under weak and unreliable governance. The latter has to be provided for through higher supply cost. The state in turn can lower the contract cost by providing verifiable credible commitments of its intentions. We show using a modified the Laffont-Tirole cost-reimbursement contract model that the more reliable is the state in respect to the delivery of its contr...

  18. 社区卫生服务机构签约服务模式分析%Analysis on the contracting service model in community health centers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁莎莎; 王芳; 李陈晨; 刘利群; 周巍; 马海燕; 傅济; 刘伟

    2015-01-01

    with the number of contracted ranging around 1500~2000 , freely providing both essential public health and medical services, fully using the family physician room as the con-tracting service platform and highlighting the actively serving concept, building the financial and non-financial incen-tives, health insurance benefits and green transfer mechanisms in order to efficiently guarantee the contracting service development. Conclusions: Based on the information platform, the contracting service model in the sample sites played a great role in the appointment and referral services development as well as the self-health management among residents, improving the relationship between physicians and patients, and promoting the formation of orderly health service pursuing pattern.

  19. 网络环境下企业间运营模式优化探讨--基于电子合同服务平台%Operation Mode Optimization Discussion Between Enterprises Under the Network Environment--Based on Electronic Contract Services Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2013-01-01

      基于电子签名技术的电子合同服务平台有效地补偿了传统纸质合同的缺陷,优化了企业间的运营模式,提高了整个供应链的运作。文章介绍了传统企业间合同签订的模式及缺陷,探讨了网络环境下电子合同服务平台实施模式,分析了电子合同服务平台实施的可行性和对企业间运营模式的优化作用,提出了可行的电子合同服务平台构建方案。%Electronic contract platform based on electronic signature technology effectively compensates for the defects of traditional paper contract, optimizes operation mode between enterprises and promotes supply chain operations. The pattern and defects of the traditional signed between enterprises are analysed. Implementation model, practicability and operation mode op-timization between enterprises of the electronic contract platform under the network environment are discussed, and doable construction scheme of the electronic contract platform is provided in this paper.

  20. Operation Mode Optimization Discussion Between Enterprises Under the Network Environment--Based on Electronic Contract Services Platform%网络环境下企业间运营模式优化探讨--基于电子合同服务平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2013-01-01

    Electronic contract platform based on electronic signature technology effectively compensates for the defects of traditional paper contract, optimizes operation mode between enterprises and promotes supply chain operations. The pattern and defects of the traditional signed between enterprises are analysed. Implementation model, practicability and operation mode op-timization between enterprises of the electronic contract platform under the network environment are discussed, and doable construction scheme of the electronic contract platform is provided in this paper.%  基于电子签名技术的电子合同服务平台有效地补偿了传统纸质合同的缺陷,优化了企业间的运营模式,提高了整个供应链的运作。文章介绍了传统企业间合同签订的模式及缺陷,探讨了网络环境下电子合同服务平台实施模式,分析了电子合同服务平台实施的可行性和对企业间运营模式的优化作用,提出了可行的电子合同服务平台构建方案。

  1. 77 FR 58104 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 Inventory of Contracts for Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... also may be submitted by email to Jeffrey.Grover@osd.mil . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeff Grover..., the Office of the Deputy Director, Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Contract Policy...

  2. Managing wind turbine reliability and maintenance via performance-based contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Tongdan; Ding, Yi; Guo, Huairui;

    2012-01-01

    firms who design and market wind turbines, and also provide maintenance and repair service. PBC differs from conventional service contracts in that the wind farmers compensate the service provider for the system performance, not the spare parts and repair labor. We explore the analytical relationship...... between system cost, reliability and spare parts stocking. This analytical insight into the system performance allows the turbine manufacturer to optimize design, production, and after-sales services. The study aims to create a theoretical basis to facilitate the transition of the maintenance paradigm...

  3. A Social Contract for University-Industry Collaboration: A Case of Project-Based Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vartiainen, Tero

    This study determines a social contract for a form of university-industry collaboration to a project-based learning environment in close collaboration with industry. The author's previous studies on moral conflicts in a project-based learning (PjBL) environment and his 5-year engagement in the PjBL environment are used as background knowledge, and John Rawls' veil of ignorance is used as a method in the contract formulation. Fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for with the contract which constitutes of sets of obligations for each party, students, clients, and university (instructors) in the chosen project course. With the contract fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for and the most dilemmatic moral conflicts are tried to be avoided. The forming of the social contract is evaluated, and implications for research and collaborations in practice are offered.

  4. Differential Game Analyses of Logistics Service Supply Chain Coordination by Cost Sharing Contract

    OpenAIRE

    Haifeng Zhao; Bin Lin; Wanqing Mao; Yang Ye

    2014-01-01

    Cooperation of all the members in a supply chain plays an important role in logistics service. The service integrator can encourage cooperation from service suppliers by sharing their cost during the service, which we assume can increase the sales by accumulating the reputation of the supply chain. A differential game model is established with the logistics service supply chain that consists of one service integrator and one supplier. And we derive the optimal solutions of the Nash equilibriu...

  5. Using Assurance Contract to Encourage Private Provision of Ecosystem Services: Evidence from a Pilot Field Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Pengfei; Swallow, Stephen K.

    2015-01-01

    We generalize the dominant assurance contract (Tabarrok, 1998) to the threshold public good provision. This contract offers, to donors who agree to a minimum price, an assurance payment as compensation in the event that fundraising fails to achieve the threshold needed to fund the good. We analyze the outcomes when individuals face 1) a minimum price for eligibility for the assurance payment and 2) an assurance payment that differs from the suggested price. We report a field experiment to fun...

  6. A Unified Formal Model for Service Oriented Architecture to Enforce Security Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Allam, Diana

    2012-01-01

    Poster- AOSD 2012 (Aspect-Oriented Software Development) Student Research Competition International audience In this paper we introduce a model as a foundation for heterogeneous services, therefore unifying web services technologies in SOA (Service Oriented Architecture), specifically, SOAP/WS* and RESTful models. This model abstracts away from service implementations, in order to verify and to enforce some important security properties.

  7. A multi-agent cell-based model for wound contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, W M; Koppenol, D C; Vermolen, F J

    2016-05-24

    A mathematical model for wound contraction is presented. The model is based on a cell-based formalism where fibroblasts, myofibroblasts and the immune reaction are taken into account. The model is used to simulate contraction of a wound using point forces on the cell boundary and it also determines the orientation of collagen after restoration of the damage. The paper presents the mathematical model in terms of the equations and assumptions, as well as some implications of the modelling. The present model predicts that the amount of final contraction is larger if the migration velocity of the leukocytes is larger and hence it is important that the immune system functions well to prevent contractures. Further, the present model is the first cell-based model that combines the immune system to final contractions. PMID:26805459

  8. SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN OF GIS WEB SERVICE AGGREGATION BASED ON SERVICE GROUP

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, J.-C.; Yang, J.; Tan, M.-J.; Q. Gan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of research status of domestic and international GIS web service aggregation and development tendency of public platform of GIS web service, the paper designed software architecture of GIS web service aggregation based on GIS web service group. Firstly, using heterogeneous GIS services model, the software architecture converted a variety of heterogeneous services to a unified interface of GIS services, and divided different types of GIS services into different service gr...

  9. Governance of business services exchanges: contracts, relations and frontline employee behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Vandaele, Darline

    2007-01-01

    Because of increased sourcing practices, the interaction between buyer and seller gains in importance in services settings. However, few studies have investigated the mechanisms used to govern business service exchanges after the purchase. This is especially true for those services considered less strategically valuable like support services delivered by frontline employees at the premises of the buying organization. The main goal of this dissertation is to examine how performance in business...

  10. 18 CFR 367.24 - Construction and service contracts for other companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... organization and equipment. (4) The support services performed by the service company in connection with the... COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005,...

  11. 48 CFR 52.222-41 - Service Contract Act of 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in work on the contract, and a copy of the collective bargaining agreement. Such report shall be made... locality, or determines, as provided in 29 CFR 4.11, that the collective bargaining agreement applicable to... regulations in 29 CFR parts 525 and 528. (r) Apprentices. Apprentices will be permitted to work at less...

  12. 48 CFR 1552.232-73 - Payments-fixed-rate services contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative expense allocated to direct materials in accordance with the Contractor's usual accounting... discharging the Government, its officers, agents, and employees of and from all liabilities, obligations, and... liabilities of the Contractor to third parties arising out of performing this contract, that are not known...

  13. 78 FR 16268 - Submission for OMB Review; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... Federal Register at 76 FR 22070, on April 20, 2011, as part of a proposed rule under FAR Case 2010-0010... provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Edward Loeb, Procurement Analyst, Contract Policy Division at (202) 501-00650 or via email at edward.loeb@gsa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A....

  14. 78 FR 21969 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ...Notice is hereby given of contractual actions that have been proposed to the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and were pending through December 31, 2012, and contract actions that have been completed or discontinued since the last publication of this notice. From the date of this publication, future notices during this calendar year will be limited to new, modified, discontinued, or......

  15. 75 FR 42774 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ...Notice is hereby given of contractual actions that have been proposed to the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and were pending through December 31, 2009, and contract actions that have been completed or discontinued since the last publication of this notice on November 6, 2009. From the date of this publication, future notices during this calendar year will be limited to new, modified,......

  16. 76 FR 44948 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ...Notice is hereby given of contractual actions that have been proposed to the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and were pending through December 31, 2010, and contract actions that have been completed or discontinued since the last publication of this notice on December 29, 2010. From the date of this publication, future notices during this calendar year will be limited to new, modified,......

  17. Service encounters as bases for innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundbo, Jon; Sundbo, Donna; Henten, Anders

    2015-01-01

    between employees and customers, employees investing stubbornness and time can be a driver for innovation, and several layers of management can be a barrier. In the field experiments three new factors for encounter-based innovation were found: translation, multitasking, and hyper-professionalism. The two......This article examines the factors affecting the innovativeness of service encounters – either as drivers or as barriers. The assumption is that a considerable number of innovations in service industries are initiated in service encounters and that employees are the core factor in connecting...... customers with the innovating organization. Based on literature studies and pilot case studies, seven propositions are proposed and tested in a qualitative, hermeneutic way in field experiments in nine service organizations. Important new results are that encounter-based innovation requires mutual empathy...

  18. Are Internet-Based Services More Sustainable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Wolfson

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has affected a revolution in our behavior and communication as well as in how we perceive and implement services. It offers new opportunities, like the self-service mode, a service operated mainly by the customer, which enables the more efficient and conscious use of resources, technologies, and knowledge, and thus an opportunity to imbue the service with sustainability. Yet, such a move does not occur in a vacuum, and it demands a corresponding behavioral shift by both provider and customer, who have the shared responsibility to educate themselves about, and to monitor, the sustainability of the service(s in which they are interested. As such, it is the provider’s duty to supply a sustainable solution while the customer, who has obtained the information necessary to rate the alternatives, should choose the most sustainable one.The power of internet-based services is not only in their availability and ease of operation, but also in the efficiency manifested in the customer’s ability to perform several services together with virtually the same resources and effort. While these advantages can be easily superimposed on any design to ensure more sustainable services, the same properties may lead to increased, unsustainable consumerism.

  19. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  20. Proposal to negotiate, without competitive tendering, a contract for the provision of architectural and civil engineering services for the construction of the Globe of Innovation

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for the provision of architectural and civil engineering services for the construction of the Globe of Innovation. For the reasons explained in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, with the consortium GROUPE H (CH) - CHARPENTE CONCEPT (CH), for the provision of architectural and civil engineering services related to the re-erection of the Globe of Innovation, for a total amount not exceeding 850 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-100 %.

  1. Components, contracts, and connectors for the Unified Modelling Language UML

    OpenAIRE

    Pahl, Claus

    2001-01-01

    The lack of a component concept for the UML is widely ac- knowledged. Contracts between components can be the starting point for introducing components and component interconnections. Contracts between service providers and service users are formulated based on abstractions of action and operation behaviour using the pre- and postcon- dition technique. A valid contract allows to establish an interconnection- a connector - between the provider and the user. The contract concept supports ...

  2. Breach of Contracts in Investor-State Arbitration Based on International Investment Agreements (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    HAMAMOTO Shotaro

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the question whether and in which cases it is possible to settle disputes arising from investment contracts concluded between a foreign investor and a recipient State through the dispute settlement procedure (typically, arbitration) provided in international investment agreements (IIAs) concluded between the investor's State of nationality and the recipient State. The issue of whether the arbitration based on IIAs can deal with disputes over investment contracts arises in ...

  3. WiMAX-based Overlay Conferencing Service

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Quoc T.; Le, Tien Anh; Nguyen, Hang

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a new service architecture based on the interconnectivity between Subscriber Units (SUs) running on WiMAX network participating in an Application Layer Multicasting-based distributed multimedia conference. The novelty of the proposal is that it replaces the standard centralized architecture of IMS-based conference in order to utilize the intelligence and computational capacity of WiMAX Base stations. Thanks to a distributed architecture, the expensive Media Resource Functi...

  4. Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Totschnig, Michael; Derntl, Michael; Gutiérrez, Israel; Najjar, Jad; Klemke, Roland; Klerkx, Joris; Duval, Erik; Müller, Franz

    2010-01-01

    Despite the existence of numerous standards and specifications in technology-enhanced learning, there is a lack of interoperability of artifacts and services throughout the whole lifecycle of outcome-based education. In this paper we present the concept and prototypical implementation of an open architecture that aims to remedy these issues by providing a unified metadata and service layer for making key educational resources sharable, storable, findable, and interoperable. Th...

  5. Ambulatory and Community-Based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Fred

    1999-01-01

    The shift in the site of service delivery from inpatient and institutional to ambulatory and community settings has been prompted by concerns over cost and the prospect for improving the quality of life. In response to these concerns, Medicare has implemented several demonstrations that emphasize ambulatory and community-based services. In this issue, articles are presented on four demonstrations, which focus on the extent to which coordinated care models reduce health care costs, and the cos...

  6. HTTPI BASED WEB SERVICE SECURITY OVER SOAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Choudhary

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Now a days, a new family of web applications 'open applications’, are emerging (e.g., Social Networking, News and Blogging. Generally, these open applications are non-confidential. The security needs of these applications are only client/server authentication and data integrity. For securing these open applications, effectively and efficiently, HTTPI, a new transport protocol is proposed, which ensures the entire security requirements of open applications. Benefit of using the HTTPI is that it is economical in use, well-suited for cache proxies, like HTTP is, and provides security against many Internet attacks (Server Impersonation and Message Modification like HTTPS does. In terms of performance HTTPI is very close to the HTTP, but much better than HTTPS. A Web service is a method of communication between two ends over the Internet. These web services are developed over XML and HTTP. Today, most of the open applications use web services for most of their operations. For securing these web services, security design based on HTTPI is proposed. Our work involves securing the web services over SOAP, based on the HTTPI. This secure web service might be applicable for open applications, where authentication and integrity is needed, but no confidentiality required. In our paper, we introduce a web service security model based on HTTPI protocol over SOAP and develop a preliminary implementation of this model. We also analyze the performance of our approach through an experiment and show that our proposed approach provides higher throughput, lower average response time and lower response size than HTTPS based web service security approach.

  7. Perceived benefits of adopting Standard – Based pricing mechanism for mechanical and electrical services installations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganiyu Amuda Yusuf

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cost is an important measure of project success and clients will expect a reliable forecast at the early stage of construction projects to inform their business decision. This study was undertaken to investigate the current practices in managing cost of mechanical and electrical (M&E services in buildings. The perceptions of practitioners on the benefits of adopting Standard – Based Pricing Mechanism for M&E services as used for building fabrics and finishes was ascertained. The methodology adopted for the study was semi – structure interview and questionnaire survey.  Inferential statistics technique was used to analyse the data collected. The results revealed that, M&E services tender documents are often based on lump sum contract. Practitioners are of the opinion that the adoption of Standard – Based Pricing Mechanism (SBPM could enhance the quality of M&E services price forecast; ensure active post contract cost monitoring and control; encourage collaborative working relationship; enhance efficient whole life cycle cost management; improve risk management and facilitate efficient tendering process. The study suggested the development of local Standard Method of Measurement for M&E services and proposed strategies to facilitate the adoption of SBPM as basis for forecasting contract price of mechanical and electrical services in buildings.

  8. [Effect of the change in the law of contract on the development of medical service units].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnschläder, Josef; Stummer, Harald

    2012-01-01

    On January 1, 2004, the medical service unit was founded in Germany. However, one of the results of the reform in 2007 was that most of the advantages of medical service units were no longer idiosyncratic to this legal form, but granted to individual general practitioners as well. Since then, a decline in the foundation of medical service units by medical doctors can be observed. Today, the medical service unit rather seems to be a means for hospitals expanding in the intermediary medical sector and, maybe, a re-foundation of the former hospital-owned polyclinics. PMID:23200204

  9. Rule-Based Network Service Provisioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Deca

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the unprecedented development of networks, manual network service provisioning is becoming increasingly risky, error-prone, expensive, and time-consuming. To solve this problem,rule-based methods can provide adequate leverage for automating various network management tasks. This paper presents a rule-based solution for automated network service provisioning. The proposed approach captures configuration data interdependencies using high-level, service-specific, user-configurable rules. We focus on the service validation task, which is illustrated by means of a case study.Based on numerical results, we analyse the influence of the network-level complexity factors and rule descriptive features on the rule efficiency. This analysis shows the operators how to increase rule efficiency while keeping the rules simple and the rule set compact. We present a technique that allows operators to increase the error coverage, and we show that high error coverage scales well when the complexity of networks and services increases.We reassess the correlation function between specific rule efficiency and rule complexity metrics found in previous work, and show that this correlation function holds for various sizes, types, and complexities of networks and services.

  10. Strategies and structures for drilling and service contracts in the 1990's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drilling in the nineties initiatives were introduced to the industry in early 1990. Contractual mechanisms for application of these initiatives have been developed. A strategy is developed for integrating services to provide a total service concept either directly through or parallel with a drilling contractor. Development of cooperative customer/supplier relationship are emerging as the way to sustain performance improvements

  11. When do they care to share? : How manufacturers make contracted service partners share knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, J.; Schepers, J.; van Weele, A.; van der Valk, W.

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing firms that outsource customer-facing services, risk losing touch with their customers and thereby forfeit valuable market and customer-related knowledge. To maintain informed and competitive, the manufacturer's customer-facing service partners should engage in knowledge sharing and tra

  12. A DIC Based Technique to Measure the Contraction of a Skeletal Muscle Engineered Tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carosio, Silvia; Faraldi, Martina; Pisu, Simona; Musarò, Antonio; Del Prete, Zaccaria

    2016-01-01

    Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary science based on the application of engineering approaches to biologic tissue formation. Engineered tissue internal organization represents a key aspect to increase biofunctionality before transplant and, as regarding skeletal muscles, the potential of generating contractile forces is dependent on the internal fiber organization and is reflected by some macroscopic parameters, such as the spontaneous contraction. Here we propose the application of digital image correlation (DIC) as an independent tool for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of engineered muscle tissue spontaneous contraction. To validate the proposed technique we referred to the X-MET, a promising 3-dimensional model of skeletal muscle. The images acquired through a high speed camera were correlated with a custom-made algorithm and the longitudinal strain predictions were employed for measuring the spontaneous contraction. The spontaneous contraction reference values were obtained by studying the force response. The relative error between the spontaneous contraction frequencies computed in both ways was always lower than 0.15%. In conclusion, the use of a DIC based system allows for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of biological tissues' spontaneous contraction, in addition to the measurement of tissue strain field on any desired region of interest during electrical stimulation. PMID:27034612

  13. Cooperative Communication in Cognitive Radio Networks under Asymmetric Information: A Contract-Theory Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Nan Zhao; Minghu Wu; Wei Xiong; Cong Liu

    2015-01-01

    By exploiting the spatial diversity of multiple wireless nodes, cooperative communication technique is a promising technique for spectrum sharing to improve spectrum efficiency. In this paper, the incentive issue between relay nodes’ (RNs’) service and source’s relay selection is investigated in the presence of the asymmetric information scenario. Multiuser cooperative communication is modelled as a labour market, where the source designs a contract and each relay node decides to select a con...

  14. Advanced location-based technologies and services

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Hassan A

    2013-01-01

    Due to the rapid increase in the number of mobile device users worldwide, location-based services (LBSs) have become pervasive, and the demand for them will continue to grow. Exploring recent changes in the technology and its uses, Advanced Location-Based Technologies and Services takes an in-depth look at new and existing technologies, techniques, applications, and opportunities. Under the editorial guidance of Hassan Karimi, with contributions from experts in the field, the book examines the breadth and depth of advanced LBS technologies and techniques. The book provides up-to-date informati

  15. A prototype and feasibility analysis of a computer-based construction contract administration system using Framework II.

    OpenAIRE

    Heinze, April F.

    1987-01-01

    The construction contract administrator generates a large volume of correspondence and documentation which is necessary for proper control and tracking of a project. This "paperwork" is difficult to track manually. The paper reviews the Navy construction contracting organization and procedures and develops a model of the Navy contract administrator's functions. A prototype computer application called the "Contract Administrator's Electronic Notebook" was developed based on the model. ...

  16. 76 FR 7782 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... request for the admission of specified facts and/or of the authenticity of any documents, to be answered or objected to within 45 days after service; the factual statements and/or the authenticity of...

  17. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with boundary values on each qualitative or qualitative feature. Their distribution is relying on stress distributions used in this field. The use of service level agreements also casts privacy management...

  18. Customer retention trategies - Risk parameters in service contract renewal - Case study

    OpenAIRE

    Kärnä, Teemu

    2015-01-01

    Service provider switching phenomenon and customer retention strategies have recently gained increasing importance in the field of relationship marketing due to globalization and maturity in many service industries. The objective of this thesis is to provide customer relationship managers understanding and gauges for increasing customer life-time value (CLV) through customer retention strategies. To improve CLV and thereby revenues and profits firms should first identify the value of thei...

  19. Database Aspects of Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard

    2004-01-01

    the databases underlying high-quality services. Several integrated representations - which capture different aspects of the same infrastructure - are needed. Further, all other content that can be related to geographical space must be integrated with the infrastructure representations. The chapter...... describes the general concepts underlying one approach to data modeling for location-based services. The chapter also covers techniques that are needed to keep a database for location-based services up to date with the reality it models. As part of this, caching is touched upon briefly. The notion of linear...... referencing plays an important role in the chapter's approach to data modeling. Thus, the chapter offers an overview of linear referencing concepts and describes the support for linear referencing in Oracle....

  20. Study on dynamic services composition of web services based on BPEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jinyue; Huang, Fei; Zhang, Gongxuan

    2013-12-01

    From the core concepts of SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) ——"Service" starting the service composition is discussed in detail, from the service relationships network modeling, services dynamic composition approach based on Business Process Execution Language BPEL (Business Process Execution Language) is proposed in this paper, meanwhile two concepts of service agent and service quality are described, which achieve the service process dynamic execution.

  1. Effective Treatment in Home-Based Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simboli, Tim; Darou, Wes G.

    The use of home-based treatment programs has become increasingly popular over the last few years. Such a program is offered by the Youth Services Bureau of Ottawa-Carleton through its Detached Worker Program. This program uses paraprofessionals who employ an eclectic combination of behavioral, client-centered, family and reality therapies. Two…

  2. Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Totschnig, Michael; Derntl, Michael; Gutiérrez, Israel; Najjar, Jad; Klemke, Roland; Klerkx, Joris; Duval, Erik; Müller, Franz

    2010-01-01

    Totschnig, M., Derntl, M., Gutiérrez, I., Najjar, J., Klemke, R., Klerkx, J., Duval, E., & Müller, F. (2010). Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning. Fourth International Workshop on Search and Exchange of e-le@rning Materials (SE@M’10). September, 27-28, 2010, Barcelona, Spain.

  3. Towards Web Service-Based Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Demetrios G.

    2005-01-01

    The need for designing the next generation of web service-based educational systems with the ability of integrating components from different tools and platforms is now recognised as the major challenge in advanced learning technologies. In this paper, we discuss this issue and we present the conceptual design of such environment, referred to as…

  4. Location-Based Services in Vehicular Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Di

    2013-01-01

    Location-based services have been identified as a promising communication paradigm in highly mobile and dynamic vehicular networks. However, existing mobile ad hoc networking cannot be directly applied to vehicular networking due to differences in traffic conditions, mobility models and network topologies. On the other hand, hybrid architectures…

  5. 48 CFR 937.7040 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Protective Services Contracting 937.7040 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.237-70 entitled “Collective bargaining agreements—protective services” in all protective services solicitations and contracts involving DOE-owned facilities...

  6. Testing the limits of freedom of contract: the commercialization of reproductive materials and services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trebilcock, M; Martin, M; Lawson, A; Lewis, P

    1994-01-01

    This article examines the cases for and against commercializing, or "commodifying," reproductive materials and services. Using a supply/demand third-party framework, three basic scenarios in which commercial-exchange relationships may be possible--exchange of gametes and zygotes, exchange of gestational services, and exchange of fetal material--and the major parties of interest, or stakeholders, are identified. The study sketches the liberal, essentialist, and radical contingency theories that shape the debate over the commercialization of reproductive materials and services. The article then attempts to derive some basic governing principles that reflect as much common ground as possible amongst these various normative perspectives, while recognizing that complete reconciliation is impossible. Taken together, these principles are designed to reflect a strategy of "constrained commodification," where commercialization or commodification, that is, financial remuneration, plays a relatively neutral role in the utilization of reproductive materials and services. In light of these principles, the article concludes by sketching legal and regulatory regimes with respect to the exchange of gametes and zygotes, gestational services, and fetal tissue. PMID:15846868

  7. Internet protocol-based emergency services

    CERN Document Server

    Schulzrinne, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Written by international experts in the field, this book covers the standards, architecture and deployment issues related to IP-based emergency services This book brings together contributions from experts on technical and operational aspects within the international standardisation and regulatory processes relating to routing and handling of IP-based emergency calls.  Readers will learn how these standards work, how various standardization organizations contributed to them and about pilot projects, early deployment and current regulatory situation. Key Featur

  8. Contracts payments for ecosystem services: the case of bio-pospecting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    We examine the economics of royalties in bioprospecting contracts between a pharmaceutical and genetic resource supplier (local), with an eye to understanding the relative advantages of indexing royalty payments to gross revenue or net revenue. We show a risk-averse firm facing only production or only cost risks will index royalties to net revenue. When facing both types of risk, the choice of royalty type depends on the relative magnitudes of the production and cost risk. In each case, the risk-averse firm chooses the royalty type that shifts as much risk as possible to the local. When the local is risk neutral, the pharmaceutical's and local's preferences are compatible. If the local is risk averse and there is only one type of risk, it will prefer a gross revenue royalty, and shift as much risk as possible to the firm: here the local and firm preferences are compatible only if the firm is risk-neutral, Lastly, we show if the firm sets the terms of the contract, and both agents are risk averse, the firm will not likely volunteer to implement the socially optimal royalty arrangement as it prefers to shift as much risk to the local, who now also prefers a more certain return. This last outcome is at the heart of the benefit sharing discussion and suggests if risk sharing and equity are a concern in benefit sharing, then the choice of royalty type can be an important part of negotiations between pharmaceuticals and locals for the phytochemical from nature for new drug discovery.

  9. Mobile Service Providers and M-learning in Nigeria: Mobility in a Contracting Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Ibraheem Diso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the M-Learningprogrammes of the two largest (in terms of networkcoverage and pioneering mobile service providers (MTNand CELTEL/V-Mobile in Nigeria. It examines theirservices within the context of a generally deterioratinglearning environment. It also compares the extent of theircompliance with the transmission code of the Nigeria’sregulatory agency, the Nigerian CommunicationsCommission (NCC. Unstructured interview, contentanalysis, and observation are the major instruments used tocollect all data for this study. All the data collected throughthese instruments are carefully analyzed vis-à-vis theNigerian environment and the mobile service transmissionregulatory provisions.

  10. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  11. Contracting for directorships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Donna K

    2013-05-01

    Hospitals are required to have a medical director of respiratory care as a condition of their participation in the Federal Medicare and Medicaid programs. This gives physicians opportunities to improve the quality of care for the patients in their community, to diversify income streams, and to assist hospitals to meet regulatory requirements for quality. The contracts for these positions are usually provided by the hospital, so it is imperative that physicians know how to protect their interests, what is expected of them, if they are being paid fairly, and that the contract is compliant with all regulatory issues. The directorship relationship with the hospital that provides designated health services and the "stand in the shoes" definition of direct compensation also gives physicians and physician practices guidance to determine if their group and individual physicians are compliant with Stark and antikickback regulations. This article guides physicians through the process of reviewing a contract for medical directorship or service line management services. Information on compensation in the directorship market can be found in at least two standard surveys. Duties and compensation vary among entities and frequently include incentive-based compensation for improving quality measures and operations. Directorships are evolving to service line management as more of the hospital's reimbursement is linked to clinical quality and patient satisfaction. This article does not offer legal advice, nor is it meant to be all inclusive. Physicians should consult a health-care attorney for any questions before signing any contract. PMID:23648911

  12. Supply Chain Contracting for After-sales Service and Product Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Li (Dong)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Over the past decades, business model innovation in product and its service has been growing rapidly, especially for durable goods. Companies shift their strategies from selling physical products to delivering solutions and performance for customers. Within this context, th

  13. 76 FR 27274 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... in the Federal Register at 76 FR 7782 on February 11, 2011. No comments were received in response to... request for the admission of specified facts and/or of the authenticity of any documents, to be answered or objected to within 45 days after service; the factual statements and/or the authenticity of...

  14. 42 CFR 136.30 - Payment to Medicare-participating hospitals for authorized Contract Health Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... methodology under this section applies to all levels of care furnished by a Medicare-participating hospital, whether provided as inpatient, outpatient, skilled nursing facility care, as other services of a... critical access hospitals (as defined in section 1861(mm)(1) of the Social Security Act), that...

  15. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with bo

  16. Involvement of HMO-based pharmacists in clinical rounds at contract hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yee, D K; Veal, J H; Trinh, B; Bauer, S; Freeman, C H

    1997-03-15

    The contributions of managed care pharmacists who participate in clinical rounds at contract hospitals are described. A program in which pharmacists employed by Kaiser Permanente go on rounds at two contract hospitals as part of a multidisciplinary Kaiser team was implemented in January 1995. The rounding pharmacist reviews patients' charts, assesses optimal drug therapy, intervenes proactively, identifies candidates for home i.v. therapy, facilitates patient discharge, and provides on-the-spot drug information. Other services include therapeutic drug monitoring, dosage-adjustment recommendations, counseling, consultations, detecting adverse drug reactions, and education. The pharmacist documents all services and interventions, and their impact. At one hospital, a 500-bed institution, there were 1097 recommendations for intervention between April 1995 and May 1996. More than 99% of these recommendations were accepted. Over the 14-month period, the Kaiser team saved an estimated $523,907 and cost an estimated $57,643 (not counting benefits) in pharmacist participation. Managed care pharmacists on rounds at contract hospitals influenced enrolled patients' pharmacotherapy and reduced the plan's costs. PMID:9075495

  17. A new algorithm for EEG source reconstruction based on LORETA by contracting the source region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new method is presented for EEG source reconstruction based on multichannel surface EEG recordings. From the low-resolution tomography obtained by the low resolution electromagnetic tomography algorithm (LORETA), this method acquires the source tomography, which has high-resolution by contracting the source region. In contrast to focal underdetermined system solver (FOCUSS), this method can gain more accurate result under certain circumstances.

  18. Co-creation of Innovations in ICT based service encounters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jannick Kirk; Henten, Anders

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in services often emanate from service encounters (i.e. the touch points between the service producers and the customers). Two different types of service encounters are dealt with: face-to-face and ICT-based service encounters. The aim of the chapter is to examine the specific...... conditions for innovations from ICT-based service encounters. The service encounter research tradition is mostly concerned with customer satisfaction. The perspective of the present chapter is on innovations in the service encounter. The specific contribution of the chapter is to establish a conceptual...... foundation for innovations in ICT-based service encounters....

  19. Contracting out Support Services in Future Expeditionary Operations: Learning from the Afghan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Kinsey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As with the US led Coalition war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan has seen an unprecedented number of private contractors being utilised in support of military operations in the country. In the case of the United States government for example, over half of its personnel in Afghanistan and Iraq are contract employees, while the same figure in the UK stands at 30 per cent and is set to increase in the coming years. This level of contractor involvement in the ‘War on Terror’ is not inconsequential. Indeed, their contribution to military operations is so large they are now able to influence NATO’s counter-insurgency operations and thus its overall strategy for fighting the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Importantly, such involvement can be both beneficial and/or detrimental. This article first sets out to explore how NATO came to rely on so many contractors in Afghanistan and the risks this involves for the ‘War on Terror’.

  20. Analysis of Maintenance Service Contracts for Dump Trucks Used in Mining Industry with Simulation Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dymasius, A.; Wangsaputra, R.; Iskandar, B. P.

    2016-02-01

    A mining company needs high availability of dump trucks used to haul mining materials. As a result, an effective maintenance action is required to keep the dump trucks in a good condition and hence reducing failure and downtime of the dump trucks. To carry out maintenance in-house requires a high intensive maintenance facility and high skilled maintenance specialists. Often, outsourcing maintenance is an economic option for the company. An external agent takes a proactive action with offering some maintenance contract options to the owner. The decision problem for the owner is to decide the best option and for the agent is to determine the optimal price for each option offered. A non-cooperative game-theory is used to formulate the decision problems for the owner and the agent. We consider that failure pattern of each truck follows a non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) and a queueing theory with multiple servers is used to estimate the downtime. As it involves high complexity to model downtime using a queueing theory, then in this paper we use a simulation method. Furthermore, we conduct experiment to seek for the best number of maintenance facilities (servers) which minimises maintenance and penalty costs incurred to the agent.

  1. Cross-organizational Service-based Workflows - Solution Strategies for Quality of Service Optimization

    OpenAIRE

    Eckert, Julian

    2009-01-01

    By the application of the Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) paradigm on business processes, workflows can be decomposed into basic activities that can be realized by reusable services offering a specific business functionality. In order to compose cross-organizational service-based workflows, services can be sourced from internal as well as from external providers. On a large service market, services are offered with varying Quality of Service (QoS) levels and several pricing models. Provid...

  2. Service quality, trust, and patient satisfaction in interpersonal-based medical service encounters

    OpenAIRE

    Chang Ching-Sheng; Chen Su-Yueh; Lan Yi-Ting

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Interaction between service provider and customer is the primary core of service businesses of different natures, and the influence of trust on service quality and customer satisfaction could not be ignored in interpersonal-based service encounters. However, lack of existing literature on the correlation between service quality, patient trust, and satisfaction from the prospect of interpersonal-based medical service encounters has created a research gap in previous studies...

  3. Managing the financial risk of low water levels in Great Lakes with index-based contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, E.; Characklis, G. W.; Brown, C. M.; Moody, P.

    2014-12-01

    Low water levels in the Great Lakes have recently had significant financial impacts on the region's commercial shipping, responsible for transporting millions of dollars' worth of bulk goods each year. Low lake levels can significantly affect shipping firms, as cargo capacity is a function of draft, or the distance between water level and the ship's bottom. Draft increases with weight, and lower lake levels force ships to reduce cargo to prevent running aground in shallow harbors, directly impacting the finances of shipping companies. Risk transfer instruments may provide adaptable, yet unexplored, alternatives for managing these financial risks, at significantly less expense than more traditional solutions (e.g., dredging). Index-based financial instruments can be particularly attractive as contract payouts are directly linked to well-defined transparent metrics (e.g., lake levels), eliminating the need for subjective adjustors, as well as concerns over moral hazard. In developing such instruments, a major challenge is identifying an index that is well correlated with financial losses, and thus a contract that reliably pays out when losses are experienced (low basis risk). In this work, a relationship between lake levels and shipping revenues is developed, and actuarial analyses of the frequency and magnitude of revenue losses is completed using this relationship and synthetic water level data. This analysis is used to develop several types of index-based contracts. A standardized suite of binary contracts is developed, with each indexed to lake levels and priced according to predefined thresholds. These are combined to form portfolios with different objectives (e.g. options, collars), with optimal portfolio structure and length of coverage determined by limiting basis risk and contract cost, using simulations over the historic dataset. Results suggest that portfolios of these binary contracts can substantially reduce the risk of financial losses during periods of

  4. Analysis and Protection of SIP based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Ferdous, Raihana

    2014-01-01

    Multimedia communications over IP are booming as they offer higher flexibility and more features than traditional voice and video services. IP telephony known as Voice over IP (VoIP) is one of the commercially most important emerging trends in multimedia communications over IP. Due to the flexibility and descriptive power, the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is becoming the root of many sessions-based applications such as VoIP and media streaming that are used by a growing number of use...

  5. Service Based Architecture for Manufacturing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    S. Nirmala Sugirtha Rajini; Dr . T . Bhuvaneswari

    2010-01-01

    SOA has been widely and quickly adopted in different organizations during recent years. SOA enables to solve integration complexity problem and facilitates broadscale interoperability and unlimited collaboration across the organization. In this paper we demonstrate how Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is important in Business Organizations based on a proposed architecture diagram and also, a case study is presented with the discussion about proposed SOA architecture in a manufacturing sector.

  6. Safe and Secure Services Based on NGN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukazawa, Tomoo; Nisase, Takemi; Kawashima, Masahisa; Hariu, Takeo; Oshima, Yoshihito

    Next Generation Network (NGN), which has been undergoing standardization as it has developed, is expected to create new services that converge the fixed and mobile networks. This paper introduces the basic requirements for NGN in terms of security and explains the standardization activities, in particular, the requirements for the security function described in Y.2701 discussed in ITU-T SG-13. In addition to the basic NGN security function, requirements for NGN authentication are also described from three aspects: security, deployability, and service. As examples of authentication implementation, three profiles-namely, fixed, nomadic, and mobile-are defined in this paper. That is, the “fixed profile” is typically for fixed-line subscribers, the “nomadic profile” basically utilizes WiFi access points, and the “mobile profile” provides ideal NGN mobility for mobile subscribers. All three of these profiles satisfy the requirements from security aspects. The three profiles are compared from the viewpoint of requirements for deployability and service. After showing that none of the three profiles can fulfill all of the requirements, we propose that multiple profiles should be used by NGN providers. As service and application examples, two promising NGN applications are proposed. The first is a strong authentication mechanism that makes Web applications more safe and secure even against password theft. It is based on NGN ID federation function. The second provides an easy peer-to-peer broadband virtual private network service aimed at safe and secure communication for personal/SOHO (small office, home office) users, based on NGN SIP (session initiation protocol) session control.

  7. Rule-based semantic web services matching strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Hong; Wang, Zhihua

    2011-12-01

    With the development of Web services technology, the number of service increases rapidly, and it becomes a challenge task that how to efficiently discovery the services that exactly match the user's requirements from the large scale of services library. Many semantic Web services discovery technologies proposed by the recent literatures only focus on the keyword-based or primary semantic based service's matching. This paper studies the rules and rule reasoning based service matching algorithm in the background of large scale services library. Firstly, the formal descriptions of semantic web services and service matching is presented. The services' matching are divided into four levels: Exact, Plugin, Subsume and Fail and their formal descriptions are also presented. Then, the service matching is regarded as rule-based reasoning issues. A set of match rules are firstly given and the related services set is retrieved from services ontology base through rule-based reasoning, and their matching levels are determined by distinguishing the relationships between service's I/O and user's request I/O. Finally, the experiment based on two services sets show that the proposed services matching strategy can easily implement the smart service discovery and obtains the high service discovery efficiency in comparison with the traditional global traversal strategy.

  8. 78 FR 49533 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... technical assistance related to the prevention, treatment and aftercare of methamphetamine addiction and.../ culturally relevant traditional methods issues, or program marketing challenges). The technical assistance... and evidence-based practice implementation and culturally- appropriate traditional practices...

  9. A Multi-dimension Qos based Local Service Selection Model for Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liurong Hong

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There are two service selection strategies in dynamic service composition, i.e., global strategy and local strategy. The existed global service selection algorithms, due to insufficiently show users’ partiality and feature of the service, is unfavorable to encourage the service provider to optimize the service quality to some extent. In this paper, an ordinary utility function is used as a numerical scale of ordering local services, and then a multi-dimension Qos based local service selection model is proposed to provide important grounds to choose superior service and sift inferior service. Secondly, subjective weight mode, objective weight mode, and subject-objective weight mode are constructed to not only determine the weight coefficient of each Qos criterion, but also show users’ partiality and the objectivity of service quality. At last, this model is proved to be flexibility and effective based on our SEWSCP (Semantic Enable Web Service Composition Platform.

  10. A Trust Model Based on Service Classification in Mobile Services

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yang; Xia, Feng; Lv, Xiaoning; Bu, Fanyu

    2010-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) and B3G/4G communication are promoting the pervasive mobile services with its advanced features. However, security problems are also baffled the development. This paper proposes a trust model to protect the user's security. The billing or trust operator works as an agent to provide a trust authentication for all the service providers. The services are classified by sensitive value calculation. With the value, the user's trustiness for corresponding service can be obtained. For decision, three trust regions are divided, which is referred to three ranks: high, medium and low. The trust region tells the customer, with his calculated trust value, which rank he has got and which authentication methods should be used for access. Authentication history and penalty are also involved with reasons.

  11. Performance-based contracting in home-care work in The Netherlands: professionalism under pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oomkens, Rosanne; Hoogenboom, Marcel; Knijn, Trudie

    2016-07-01

    Our aim was to improve the understanding of the relationships between performance-based contracting, management supportiveness and professionalism in home care. Using path analysis, this article explores the relationships between home-care workers' perceptions of management support, implementation of performance-based contracting (i.e. use of strict time registration rules and cost-efficiency measures) and autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction. We hypothesised that: use of strict time registration rules and cost-efficiency measures relates to lower levels of autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction (H1); there is an indirect relationship between use of strict time registration rules and use of cost-efficiency measures and intrinsic job satisfaction via autonomy (H2); higher levels of management support relate to the use of looser time registration rules and less use of cost-efficiency measures (H3); and higher levels of management support relate to higher levels of autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction (H4). We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2010 of a sample of Dutch home-care workers (N = 156, response rate = 34%). Overall, our study suggests that the consequences of performance-based contracting for professionalism are ambiguous. More specifically, using strict time registration rules is related to lower levels of autonomy, whereas using cost-efficiency measures does not seem to affect autonomy (H1). Performance-based contracting has no consequences for the level of fulfilment home-care workers find in their job, as neither of the two contracting dimensions measured was directly or indirectly related to intrinsic job satisfaction (H1, H2). The role of managers must be taken into account when studying performance-based contracting, because perceived higher management support is related to managers' less frequent use of both strict time registration rules and of cost-efficiency measures (H3). The insight we gained into the importance of

  12. Contract-Based Design of Embedded Systems Integrating Nominal Behavior and Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Kaiser

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The distributed design process for safety-critical embedded systems has become an increasingly difficult challenge: Electronic Control Units (ECUs in vehicles, for instance, participate in many vehicle functions, while each vehicle function, in turn, is spread across several ECUs. Many suppliers participate in systems design and many partial functions are reused from past projects, not always knowing the assumptions at the time of their development. In particular, efficient allocation of safety mechanisms and a sound safety case are difficult tasks for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs. Contract-based development has gained popularity as an approach for supporting distributed development by explicitly annotating assumptions and guarantees to components, but an integrated process covering specification of nominal behavior and safety has not been described so far. We present such an integrated development approach that encompasses the systematic breakdown of nominal system behavior using contracts, the consistent derivation of safety analysis by interpreting several types of contract violations as a specification for failure modes, and the subsequent integration of safety mechanisms that cover these failure modes through safety contracts. The approach equally fits hardware and software and is therefore applicable on the system level. We demonstrate it by an electric drive example. The extensibility of our approach towards Cyber Physical Systems, which compose themselves at runtime, is briefly outlined at the end of the article.

  13. Electricity contract choices of Finnish residential customers. A choice based conjoint analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rouvinen, S.; Matero, J. (Univ. of Eastern Finland, Joensuu (Finland), School of Forest Sciences), e-mail: seppo.rouvinen@uef.fi, e-mail: jukka.matero@uef.fi

    2010-07-01

    Our aim is to examine how different environmental attributes of electricity contracts affect the residential customer choices when heterogeneity in customer preferences and motivations is taken into account. The data was acquired by a mail questionnaire to random sample of Finnish people in October-November 2009 with a response rate of 38 %. In addition to conventional questions, like questions on socio-demographic and agreements of energy related statements, the discrete choice experiment (DCE) of electricity contracts was included. The choice sets in the DCE had three electricity contract alternatives with varying levels of predetermined attributes (including unit price, supplier type, frequency of power outages, energy source and CO{sub 2} emissions). In this paper, we present the findings of our DCE design. Modeling respondent choices resulted in implicit prices for various electricity contract attributes that provide guidance for green marketing strategies of electricity suppliers and energy related informational activities of public institutions. We conclude that currently the potential for increasing demand-based environmental competitiveness from the wood electricity differentiation remains limited as we did not find any significant market segment of residential customers with strong preferences for wood over other sources of electricity (including 'mixture'). (orig.)

  14. Implementation of Agent Based Dynamic Distributed Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Damodaram

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of distributed computing implies a network / internet-work of independent nodes which are logically configured in such a manner as to be seen as one machine by an application. They have been implemented in many varying forms and configurations, for the optimal processing of data. Agents and multi-agent systems are useful in modeling complex distributed processes. They focus on support for (the development of large-scale, secure, and heterogeneous distributed systems. They are expected to abstract both hardware and software vis-à-vis distributed systems. For optimizing the use of the tremendous increase in processing power, bandwidth, and memory that technology is placing in the hands of the designer, a Dynamically Distributed Service (to be positioned as a service to a network / internet-work is proposed. The service will conceptually migrate an application on to different nodes. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of an inter-mobility (migration mechanism for agents. This migration is based on FIPA ACL messages. We also evaluate the performance of this implementation.

  15. Agent-based Semantic Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Gibbins, Nicholas; Harris, Stephen; Shadbolt, Nigel

    2003-01-01

    The Web Services world consists of loosely-coupled distributed systems which adapt to changes by the use of service descriptions that enable ad-hoc, opportunistic service discovery and reuse. At present, these service descriptions are semantically impoverished, being concerned with describing the functional signature of the services rather than characterising their meaning. In the Semantic Web community, the DAML Services effort attempts to rectify this by providing a more expressive way of d...

  16. Multidisciplinary Framework-Based Service Modeling Applied to Service Coursework and Business Planner Interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Nakamura, Kotaro; Ikawa, Yasuo

    2009-01-01

    Launching new high-value-added services calls forsystematic methodologies based on multidisciplinary frameworkenabling the transformation from service concept to real service.The collaboration of business planers from various kinds ofservice and the sharing and assignment among individuals/organization, goods/infrastructure, technology/system requirethe establishment of a common framework and service modelingapproaches based on multidisciplinary studies.The present paper applies the service m...

  17. Designing a New Car Rental Service Using Location-Based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Dessie, Solomon

    2015-01-01

    This thesis concentrates on improving the car rental services offered by the case company by introducing location-based services. For many years, the company has conducted a rental business in a similar manner with other car rental companies, and now it is introducing a new service system based on online interaction and location-based services. The outcome of the study is a blueprint for the case company regarding the design of a car rental service using location-based services. This stud...

  18. Semantic web-based intelligent geospatial web services

    CERN Document Server

    Yue, Peng

    2013-01-01

    By introducing Semantic Web technologies into geospatial Web services, this book addresses the semantic description of geospatial data and standards-based Web services, discovery of geospatial data and services, and generation of composite services. Semantic descriptions for geospatial data, services, and geoprocessing service chains are structured, organized, and registered in geospatial catalogue services. The ontology-based approach helps to improve the recall and precision of data and services discovery. Semantics-enabled metadata tracking and satisfaction allows analysts to focus on the g

  19. Contracts in distributed systems

    OpenAIRE

    Massimo Bartoletti; Emilio Tuosto; Roberto Zunino

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances ...

  20. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  1. RELATIONAL AND PERFORMANCE RISKS IN OPERATIVE WORK IN CONTRACT-BASED R&D ALLIANCES

    OpenAIRE

    LARS UPPVALL

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the influence of context-related risks in operative work in contract-based R&D alliances by comparing critical incidents from four R&D alliance projects experienced by alliance operative leaders in two contextual settings — each containing two different types of risks: relational and performance. The results indicate that the different risks influence certain critical aspects of the operative work in the studied projects; these have implications for individuals working in ...

  2. Life cycle cost-based risk model for energy performance contracting retrofits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghorn, George H.

    Buildings account for 41% of the primary energy consumption in the United States, nearly half of which is accounted for by commercial buildings. Among the greatest energy users are those in the municipalities, universities, schools, and hospitals (MUSH) market. Correctional facilities are in the upper half of all commercial building types for energy intensity. Public agencies have experienced reduced capital budgets to fund retrofits; this has led to the increased use of energy performance contracts (EPC), which are implemented by energy services companies (ESCOs). These companies guarantee a minimum amount of energy savings resulting from the retrofit activities, which in essence transfers performance risk from the owner to the contractor. Building retrofits in the MUSH market, especially correctional facilities, are well-suited to EPC, yet despite this potential and their high energy intensities, efficiency improvements lag behind that of other public building types. Complexities in project execution, lack of support for data requests and sub-metering, and conflicting project objectives have been cited as reasons for this lag effect. As a result, project-level risks must be understood in order to support wider adoption of retrofits in the public market, in particular the correctional facility sub-market. The goal of this research is to understand risks related to the execution of energy efficiency retrofits delivered via EPC in the MUSH market. To achieve this goal, in-depth analysis and improved understanding was sought with regard to ESCO risks that are unique to EPC in this market. The proposed work contributes to this understanding by developing a life cycle cost-based risk model to improve project decision making with regard to risk control and reduction. The specific objectives of the research are: (1) to perform an exploratory analysis of the EPC retrofit process and identify key areas of performance risk requiring in-depth analysis; (2) to construct a

  3. Rice contract farming in Cambodia: Empowering farmers to move beyond the contract toward independence

    OpenAIRE

    Cai, Junning; Ung, Luyna; Setboonsarng, Sununtar; Leung, PingSun

    2008-01-01

    From the farmer's perspective, contract farming provides stable market access, credits, extension services, infrastructure and other benefits, but has drawbacks such as limiting the flexibility of farming and marketing. Based on a survey of rice contract farming for export in Cambodia, this paper uses simple mean comparison, propensity score matching comparison, and switching regression comparison to assess the impact of contract farming on farmers' performance. Farmers with larger family siz...

  4. Web Services-Based Test Report Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Ling; BAI Xiaoying

    2005-01-01

    Tests involving a large number of test cases and test scenarios are always time- and effort-intensive, and use ad hoc approaches. Test management is needed to control the complexity and the quality of the testing of large software systems. The reporting mechanism is critical for monitoring the testing progress, analyzing test results, and evaluating the test effectiveness for a disciplined testing process throughout the testing lifecycle. This paper presents an XML-based report generation method for large system testing. The service-oriented architecture enables flexible test report generation, presentation, and exchange to facilitate collaboration in a distributed environment. The results show that proper reporting can effectively improve the visibility of the testing process and that this web-based approach is critical to enhance communication among multiple testing groups.

  5. An NFC-based Scenic Service System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Ma

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the characteristics that NFC devices can read and write specific tags and readers, three programs are proposed using NFC mobile phones to interact with the deployed tags and readers for acquiring information of the current attraction and attractions nearby. A kind of check-in and scoring mechanism is also designed which can be efficient and effective for users to upload scores for popular attractions recommendation, and its correctness has been verified by formula derivation. Then a cross-platform interactive NFC-based service system is designed and implemented on platforms of Android phones, servers and PC clients according to these programs and the mechanism. By testing the time consumption of each operation and comparing three programs, the system performance proves to be fine and can meet actual use.

  6. Performance Based Contracts in the Road Sector : Towards Improved Efficiency in the Management of Maintenance and Rehabilitation - Brazil's Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Lancelot, Eric

    2010-01-01

    This note aims at providing feedback on Brazil's successful experience in using performance based contracts in the rehabilitation and maintenance of the road networks. Since its introduction in the early 2000's, the use of this contract management model has progressively spread to reach, as of today, one third of the federal network and more than 10 percent of the states' networks, and exp...

  7. Implementation of Location based Services in Android using GPS and Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Manav Singhal; Anupam Shukla

    2012-01-01

    Location based Services offer many advantages to the mobile users to retrieve the information about their current location and process that data to get more useful information near to their location. With the help of A-GPS in phones and through Web Services using GPRS, Location based Services can be implemented on Android based smart phones to provide these value-added services: advising clients of current traffic conditions, providing routing information, helping them find nearby hotels. In ...

  8. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas. (author)

  9. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, T.

    2000-03-01

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas.

  10. Indexer Based Dynamic Web Services Discovery

    OpenAIRE

    Saba Bashir,; Farhan Hassan Khan; M. Younus Javed; Aihab Khan; Malik Sikandar Hayat Khiyal

    2010-01-01

    Recent advancement in web services plays an important role in business to business and business to consumer interaction. Discovery mechanism is not only used to find a suitable service but also provides collaboration between service providers and consumers by using standard protocols. A static web service discovery mechanism is not only time consuming but requires continuous human interaction. This paper proposed an efficient dynamic web services discovery mechanism that can locate relevant a...

  11. 78 FR 11237 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contract... entered into an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contracts 1 negotiated service...

  12. The Joy of Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegarty, Kevin

    This paper is a practical guide that explains and illustrates contracts between libraries and vendors for computerized circulation systems. It describes the elements of a typical contract to include the equipment and services that should be specified in the contract and establishes scheduling and acceptance testing needs. Included in a contract…

  13. Legal control of risk of contracting out government services%政府公共服务委托外包的风险及其规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑旭辉

    2013-01-01

      作为政府履行公共职能的创新机制,公共服务委托外包在公共治理领域越来越普及。委托外包有助于解决政府财政困难、促进国家行政运行效率和公私合作,提高公共服务质量等功能。但委托外包过程中也会出现公私利益冲突、私人垄断、机会主义、权力寻租和管制俘获等问题。政府应采取明确民营化的界限、明确受委托人的资质标准、发挥法律的程序控制功能和加强政府的监管责任等多重手段对公共服务委托外包的过程进行规范。%As an innovative mechanism to fulfill public functions, contracting out government services becomes increasingly popular in the field of public management. Contracting out government services can solve financial difficulties of government and promote administrative efficiency, public–private partnership and quality of public services. However, contracting out government services can also lead to interests conflict of public–private, private monopoly, opportunism, rent-seeking and regulatory capture. The Government should take some measures such as defining of boundaries of privatization of government services and qualification standards of the entrustee, exerting control of legal procedures and strengthening government’s responsibilities to regulate contracting out government services.

  14. An Approach for Composing Services Based on Environment Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangjun Cai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is revolutionizing the modern computing paradigms with its aim to boost software reuse and enable business agility. Under this paradigm, new services are fabricated by composing available services. The problem arises as how to effectively and efficiently compose heterogeneous services facing the high complexity of service composition. Based on environment ontology, this paper introduces a requirement-driven service composition approach. We propose the algorithms to decompose the requirement, the rules to deduct the relation between services, and the algorithm for composing service. The empirical results and the comparison with other services’ composition methodologies show that this approach is feasible and efficient.

  15. Automatic web services classification based on rough set theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立; 张英; 宋自林; 苗壮

    2013-01-01

    With development of web services technology, the number of existing services in the internet is growing day by day. In order to achieve automatic and accurate services classification which can be beneficial for service related tasks, a rough set theory based method for services classification was proposed. First, the services descriptions were preprocessed and represented as vectors. Elicited by the discernibility matrices based attribute reduction in rough set theory and taking into account the characteristic of decision table of services classification, a method based on continuous discernibility matrices was proposed for dimensionality reduction. And finally, services classification was processed automatically. Through the experiment, the proposed method for services classification achieves approving classification result in all five testing categories. The experiment result shows that the proposed method is accurate and could be used in practical web services classification.

  16. Community-Based Occupational Therapy Services for Children: A Quebec Survey on Service Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotellesso, Annie; Mazer, Barbara; Majnemer, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Community-based occupational therapy (OT) services are intended to promote social integration and minimize disability. The objective of this study was to describe community-based OT services for children in the province of Quebec, Canada. Specific aims included (a) to determine the proportion of Centres Locaux de Services Communautaires (CLSCs)…

  17. GEMBus as a service oriented platform for cloud-based composable services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Grammatikou; C. Marinos; Y. Demchenko; D.R. Lopez; K. Dombek; J. Jofre

    2011-01-01

    Cloud computing has become a common technology for provisioning infrastructure services on-demand. Modern Cloud platforms can provide cloud-based applications, software, deployment platforms, or general infrastructure services that may include both computational and storage resources. However existi

  18. An Empirical Study on Testing of SOA based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Abhishek Kumar; Manindra Singh

    2014-01-01

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) removed the gap between software and business. Today, there is a business transformation among enterprises and they adopt a service based information technology (IT) model. So, testing is necessary for SOA based applications. This paper investigates different type of approaches and techniques that address the testing problems of SOA based services. Here we also investigate the differences between SOA and web services and traditional testing and SOA testing....

  19. The Research on Web Service based Network Management

    OpenAIRE

    Wenli Dong

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes Web Service based network management. The Web Service based network management system is analyzed. It consists of network management layer, collaborative management implementation layer, and management function layer mainly. The complex management network tasks can be accomplished respectively by more than one Web Service distributed on Internet and the Web Services interchange information based on XML message. The SNMP/XML gateway and the translation between GDMO/ASN.1 an...

  20. Charging of SAML-based federated VoIP services

    OpenAIRE

    Lutz, D J; Lamp, D; Mandic, P; Hecht, F.; Stiller, B.

    2010-01-01

    Whilst SAML-based federations are most often used by academic and semi-commercial institutions that focus only on attribute-based authentication, we foresee a growing interest for service providers providing charged services. Since more and more academic and semi-commercial federation participants offer Voice-over-IP (VoIP) services, this type of service provides an entry point into identity federation based payment. Therefore, this paper describes an approach on how to h...

  1. Ontology-based Cloud Services Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Ali

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The advancement of cloud computing has enabled service providers to provide diversity of cloud services to users with different attributes at a range of costs. Finding the suitable service from the increasing numbers of cloud services that satisfy the user requirements such as performance, cost and security has become a big challenge. The variety on services description none uniformed naming conventions and the heterogeneous types and features of cloud services led to make the cloud service discovery a hard problem. Therefore, an intelligent service discovery system is necessary for searching and retrieving appropriate services accurately and quickly. Many studies have been conducted to discover the cloud services using different techniques, such as ontology model and agents technology. The existing ontology for cloud services does not cover the cloud concepts and it is intended to be used for specific tasks only. This study represents the cloud concepts in a comprehensive way that can be used for cloud services discovery or cloud computing management.

  2. Interface-Based Service Composition with Aggregation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalla Preda, Mila; Gabbrielli, Maurizio; Guidi, Claudio;

    2012-01-01

    Service-oriented architectures (SOAs) usually comprehend in-the-middle entities such as proxies or service mediators that compose services abstracting from the order in which they exchange messages. Although widely used, these entities are usually implemented by means of ad-hoc solutions. In this...

  3. Implementation of Location based Services in Android using GPS and Web Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manav Singhal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Location based Services offer many advantages to the mobile users to retrieve the information about their current location and process that data to get more useful information near to their location. With the help of A-GPS in phones and through Web Services using GPRS, Location based Services can be implemented on Android based smart phones to provide these value-added services: advising clients of current traffic conditions, providing routing information, helping them find nearby hotels. In this paper, we propose the implementation of Location based services through Google Web Services and Walk Score Transit APIs on Android Phones to give multiple services to the user based on their Location.

  4. Research on e-learning services based on ontology theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rui

    2013-07-01

    E-learning services can realize network learning resource sharing and interoperability, but they can't realize automatic discovery, implementation and integration of services. This paper proposes a framework of e-learning services based on ontology, the ontology technology is applied to the publication and discovery process of e-learning services, in order to realize accurate and efficient retrieval and utilization of e-learning services.

  5. An Empirical Study on Testing of SOA based Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA removed the gap between software and business. Today, there is a business transformation among enterprises and they adopt a service based information technology (IT model. So, testing is necessary for SOA based applications. This paper investigates different type of approaches and techniques that address the testing problems of SOA based services. Here we also investigate the differences between SOA and web services and traditional testing and SOA testing. Various testing levels are also discussed in detail. This paper also expresses various testing perspectives, challenges of SOA testing and review the many testing approaches and identify the problems that improve the testability of SOA based services.

  6. Criteria of enterprise marketing service base forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Bilovodska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to characterize basic personnel analysis methods, to propose own criteria which help to perform complex personnel evaluation by different departments. The results of the analysis. This article is based on the investigation of specialized literature regarding different personnel evaluation methods. Implementation of marketing concept in business requires corresponding service that examines marketing environment, analyzing market situation. It provides advice for successful existence in the market. Such functions must be performed by marketing department. Marketing department with other divisions forms an integrated process which aims to meet the market demand. Managers and leading specialists of marketing must satisfy the general requirements (competence, the ability to manage themselves, skills to solve problems, ability to train employees, etc.. Besides, they must satisfy a number of specific requirements that are specific. These requirements include: systematic knowledge, erudition, high analytical quality, communication, and diplomacy, ability to predict the situation and to make an effective decisions, ability to resolve conflicts. Personnel evaluation methods are divided into objective and subjective. Narrative techniques are dominated among objective. These methods can be used in various forms: as appliances of arbitrary description, structured descriptions, self-evaluation, and evaluation of defined objectives and in critical cases. Subjective methods usually cover comparative techniques that give relative knowledge: ranking, paired comparison and theoretical distribution. Complex methods combine several techniques that can’t be attributed only to the objective or only to the subjective methods. For example, sheet valuation, “model 360°”, personal portfolio. Authors suggested the following criteria of personnel evaluation: evaluation of marketing services; evaluation of individual

  7. Location-based Services using Image Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vertongen, Pieter-Paulus; Hansen, Dan Witzner

    2008-01-01

    Recent developments in image search has made them sufficiently efficient to be used in real-time applications. GPS has become a popular navigation tool. While GPS information provide reasonably good accuracy, they are not always present in all hand held devices nor are they accurate in all situat...... image search engine and database image location knowledge, the location is determined of the query image and associated data can be presented to the user.......Recent developments in image search has made them sufficiently efficient to be used in real-time applications. GPS has become a popular navigation tool. While GPS information provide reasonably good accuracy, they are not always present in all hand held devices nor are they accurate in all...... situations, for example in urban environments. We propose a system to provide location-based services using image searches without requiring GPS. The goal of this system is to assist tourists in cities with additional information using their mobile phones and built-in cameras. Based upon the result of the...

  8. Foundations of IT service management based on ITIL V2

    CERN Document Server

    Van Bon, Jan

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, IT Service Management has developed into a field in its own right. Organizations are now so dependent on the automation of large parts of their business processes that the quality of IT services and the synchronization of these services with the needs of the organization are now essential to their survival.This introduction to IT Service Management, published by ITSMF-NL, is based on the latest edition of the ITIL books on Service Support and Service Delivery and is intended to serve as: A thorough and convenient introduction to the field of IT Service Management and a

  9. Volume of Home and Community Based Services and...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Volume of Home- and Community-Based Services and Time to Nursing-Home Placement The purpose of this study was to determine whether the volume of Home and Community...

  10. 48 CFR 16.602 - Labor-hour contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... labor-hour contracts. See 12.207(b) for the use of labor-hour contracts for certain commercial services. ... METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Time-and-Materials, Labor-Hour, and Letter Contracts...

  11. Study on the Improvement of Performance of Global Supply Chain Based on Quantity Flexibility Revenue Sharing Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; LIU

    2015-01-01

    The main propose of this study is to manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time. Based on a two-echelon decentralized global supply chain,combined with the model equilibrium,this paper studies the difference between the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract. By the transmitting of exchange rate risk,it discusses the node-enterprises’ optimal strategies. Hence,it designs a quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract to improve the performance of this global supply chain. The result shows that both the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract cause the exchange rate risk to transfer from one enterprise to the other; the exchange rate risk will have different impact on the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract because of the difference in the transfer payments at the end of the sales season; by designing a hedging strategy with these two different transfer payments,the quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract can manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time.

  12. Cloud-based Emerging Services Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Sugam; Chang, Victor; Tim, U Sunday; Wong, Johnny; Gadia, Shashi

    2016-01-01

    The emerging services and analytics advocate the service delivery in a polymorphic view that successfully serves a variety of audience. The amalgamation of numerous modern technologies such as cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data is the potential support behind the emerging services Systems. Today, IoT, also dubbed as ubiquitous sensing is taking the center stage over the traditional paradigm. The evolution of IoT necessitates the expansion of cloud horizon to deal with emer...

  13. The around architecture for dynamic location-based services

    OpenAIRE

    José, Rui; Moreira, Adriano; Rodrigues, Helena; Davies, Nigel

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a generic concept of location-based service as an abstraction for supporting the association between computational resources and location. The objective is to extend the advantages of service-based architectures to the development of location-based systems, thus providing a more open and extensible alternative to the “vertical” approaches typically used in this type of system. The novel AROUND architecture is proposed as an approach for supporting location-based services ...

  14. STUDY& ANALYSIS OF CLOUD BASED ERP SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Sharma

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research paper is to explore the knowledge of the existing studies related to cloud computing current trend. The outcome of my work will be demonstrated in the form of diagram which will exemplify the ERP integration process for in-house and cloud eco-system. It will provide a conceptual view to the new client or entrepreneurs using ERP services and explain them how to deal with two stages of ERP systems (cloud and in-house. Also suggest how to improve knowledge about ERP services and implementation process for both stages. The work recommends which ERP services can be outsourced over the cloud. Cloud ERP is a mix of standard ERP services along with cloud flexibility and low cost to afford these services. This is a recent phenomenon in enterprise service offering. For most of non IT background entrepreneurs it is unclear and broad concept, since all the research work related to it are done in couple of years. Most of cloud ERP vendors describe their products as straight forward tasks. The process and selection of Cloud ERP Services and vendors is not clear. This research work draws a framework for selecting non-core business process from preferred ERP service partners. It also recommends which ERP services outsourced first over the cloud, and the security issues related to data or information moved out from company premises to the cloud eco-system.

  15. The Research on Web Service based Network Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenli Dong

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes Web Service based network management. The Web Service based network management system is analyzed. It consists of network management layer, collaborative management implementation layer, and management function layer mainly. The complex management network tasks can be accomplished respectively by more than one Web Service distributed on Internet and the Web Services interchange information based on XML message. The SNMP/XML gateway and the translation between GDMO/ASN.1 and XML/Schema are designed and implemented to implement the integration between the legacy network management systems and the network management developed by Web Service technologies. The service management in Web Service based network management is discussed. Service composition/re-composition in Web Service based network management is analyzed based on the QoS requirements negotiation between the network management requirements and the statement of Web Service and network, OWL-S being used to described the network management requirements to discover the suitable Web Service, BPEL being used to describe the Web Service composition.

  16. Analyzing e-service quality in service-based website by E-SERVQUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Nemati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, two-way communication via web-based exchanges has been a popular method for different activities such as electronic transaction, publication, broadcasting, and other service applications. However, it is always necessary to measure the performance quality of web services using different technique such as e-SERVQUAL model. The proposed study of this paper uses this technique for measuring the quality of Iranian university e-services. The proposed study distributes a standard questionnaire among students who use this service through internet. The results indicate that only efficiency and online service quality in the e-service system are desirable. Managerial implications are represented.

  17. QoS Based Dynamic Web Services Composition & Execution

    CERN Document Server

    Khan, Farhan Hassan; Javed, M Younus; Khan, Aihab; Khiyal, Malik Sikandar Hayat

    2010-01-01

    The use of web services has dominated software industry. Existing technologies of web services are extended to give value added customized services to customers through composition. Automated web service composition is a very challenging task. This paper proposed the solution of existing problems and proposed a technique by combination of interface based and functionality based rules. The proposed framework also solves the issues related to unavailability of updated information and inaccessibility of web services from repository/databases due to any fault/failure. It provides updated information problem by adding aging factor in repository/WSDB (Web Services Database) and inaccessibility is solved by replication of WSDB. We discussed data distribution techniques and proposed our framework by using one of these strategies by considering quality of service issues. Finally, our algorithm eliminates the dynamic service composition and execution issues, supports web service composition considering QoS (Quality of ...

  18. 7 CFR 800.198 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 800.198 Section 800.198 Agriculture..., Designations, Approvals, Contracts, and Conflicts of Interest § 800.198 Contracts. (a) Services contracted and who may apply. The Service may enter into a contract with any person, State, or governmental agency...

  19. 48 CFR 837.403 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 837.403... OF CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Nonpersonal Health Care Services 837.403 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.237-7, Indemnification and medical liability insurance,...

  20. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  1. A Genetic Algorithm based Service Restoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Sathish Kumar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A genetic algorithm (GA is a search technique used in computing to find exact or approximate solutions to optimization and search problems. Genetic algorithms are a particular class of evolutionary algorithms that use techniques inspired by evolutionary biology such as inheritance, mutation, selection and crossover. GA is a method for search and optimization based on the process of natural selection and evolution. In this approach, several modifications are done for effective implementation of GA to solve the Electric Power Service Restoration Problem. The GA is suitable for the supply restoration because it is very easy to change constraints or objectives, or applynew ones. The objective function includes all the objectives and constraints required for a practical supply restoration scheme. GA starts with number of solutions to a problem, encoded as a string of status of sectionalizing and tie switches. The status of the switch ‘1’ and ‘0’ has been considered as ‘close’ and ‘open’ condition of theswitch. The string that encodes each string is ‘chromosome’ and the set of solutions are termed as population.

  2. Online data mining services for dynamic spatial databases II: air quality location based services and sonification

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira, Luís; Barbosa, Álvaro; Jorge C. S. Cardoso; Carvalhos, Vasco; Manuel COSTA; Sousa, Inês; Franco, Ivan; Fonseca, Alexandra; Henriques, Diana; Rosa, Paulo

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces online data mining services for dynamic spatial databases associated with environmental monitoring networks. In particular, it describes an application that uses these services with sonification for air quality location based information services to the general public. The data mining services use Artificial Neural Networks, to find temporal relations in the monitored parameters. The execution of the algorithms performed at the server side and a distrib...

  3. Policy-based Self-Adaptive Media Service Architecture for Reliable Multimedia Service Provisioning

    OpenAIRE

    G. Maria kalavathy; N. Edison Rathinam; P. Seethalakshmi

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to design and develop the Self-Adaptive Media Service Architecture (SAMSA) for providing reliable multimedia services through policy-based actions. The distributed multimedia services deployed using SOA can be accessed in heterogeneous environments that are prone to changes during run-time. To provide reliable multimedia services, a powerful self-adaptable architecture is necessary to adapt at run time and react to the environment. The adaptability in this ...

  4. Pattern-based ontology transformation service

    OpenAIRE

    Sváb-Zamazal, Ondrej; Svátek, Vojtech; Scharffe, François

    2009-01-01

    Many use cases for semantic technologies (eg. reasoning, modularisation, matching) could benefit from an ontology transformation service. This service is supported with ontology transformation patterns consisting of corresponding ontology patterns capturing alternative modelling choices, and an alignment between them. In this paper we present the transformation process together with its two constituents: a pattern detection and an ontology transformation process. The pattern detection process...

  5. SMP-Based Approach for Intelligent Service Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam AlHakami

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is establishing itself as a new computing paradigm in which services advertise their capabilities within a network, and then are used, composed and orchestrated by other services and end-users. Whilst many approaches to matching service providers with consumers of their services have been developed in the past, the proposed approach in this paper takes a different view of the problem in that it does not look for the fittest individual utility, but views it as a constrained optimisation problem that matches between a set of services and a set of service requests. Our approach addresses this problem using an adaptation of the well known stable-marriage problem and demonstrates how matching between services and requests to a certain threshold can be expressed. This will contribute a fair assignment between services and requests based on their preferences. As the current state of the service selection process considers only the view of requests, the proposed approach can ensure several features to the services such as service protection and service quality, e.g. it can ensure the preservation of service availability by redirecting a coming request to a similar service if the current service is busy.

  6. 48 CFR 32.113 - Customary contract financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Non-Commercial Item Purchase Financing 32.113... contracts for supplies or services awarded under the competitive negotiation method of procurement...

  7. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... a Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to include a new International Business Reply Service...

  8. Beyond products: services-based strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, J B; Doorley, T L; Paquette, P C

    1990-01-01

    Services technologies are changing the way companies in every industry--manufacturers and service providers alike--compete. Vertical integration, physical facilities, even a seemingly superior product can no longer assure a competitive edge. Instead, sustainable advantage is more and more likely to come from developing superior capabilities in a few core service skills--and out-sourcing as much of the rest as possible. Within companies, technology is increasing the leverage of service activities: today, more value added comes from design innovations, product image, or other attributes that services create than from the production process. New technologies also let independent enterprises provide world-class services at lower costs than customers could achieve if they performed the activities themselves. These changes have far-reaching implications for how managers structure their organizations and define strategic focus. Companies like Apple, Honda, and Merck show that a less integrated but more focused organization is key to competitive success. They build their strategies around a few highly developed capabilities. And they outsource as many of the other activities in their value chain as possible. To help managers develop an activity-focused strategy, the authors offer a new way to approach competitive analyses, guidelines for determining which activities to outsource and which to retain, and an overview of the risks and rewards of strategic outsourcing. Throughout, they draw on the findings of their three-year study of the major impacts technology has had in the service sector. PMID:10106517

  9. Model of cloud-based services for data mining analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandar Karadimce; Slobodan Kalajdziski; Danco Davcev

    2015-01-01

    New cloud-based services are being developed constantly in order to meet the need for faster, reliable and scalable methods for knowledge discovery. The major benefit of the cloud-based services is the efficient execution of heavy computation algorithms in the cloud simply by using Big Data storage and processing platforms. Therefore, we have proposed a model that provides data mining techniques as cloud-based services that are available to users on their demand. The widely known data mining ...

  10. Contract-Based Motivation for Keeping Records of a Manager's Reporting and Budgeting History

    OpenAIRE

    Anil Arya; John C. Fellingham; Young, Richard A.

    1994-01-01

    This paper analyzes the role of the agent's bankruptcy constraints in multiperiod principal-agent models with asymmetric information. Conditions are provided under which commitment to a long-term contract involving N rounds of investment improves upon repetition of N identical single-period contracts. Further, when the agent's reservation wage is sufficiently low the optimal contract is always long term. Keeping records of a manager's history of reporting activity facilitates contracting, sin...

  11. A Requirements Recommendation Method Based on Service Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ning, Da; Peng, Rong

    The development of Service oriented architecture (SOA) has brought new opportunities to requirements engineering. How to utilize existing services to guide the requestors to express their requirements accurately and completely becomes a new hotspot. In this paper, a requirements recommendation method based on service description was proposed. It can find web services corresponding to user's initial requirements, establish the association relationship between user's requirements and service functions, and in turn, recommend the associated service's functions to the requestor and assist him to express requirements accurately and completely. The effectiveness of this method is evaluated and demonstrated by a case-study in travel planning system.

  12. A framework for Internet service evolution based on active object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Hua; ZHANG Yang

    2006-01-01

    The wide use of Internet Service in distributed computing and e-business has made the evolution of Internet Service to be one of the most prevalent research fields in software development domain. Traditional methods for software development cannot adapt to the challenge of Internet Service oriented software development. In this paper, we propose a new paradigm for the evolution of Internet Service with active objects from the characteristics of Internet Service and principles of active objects. The paradigm uses an automatic monitoring mechanism of active object to detect and process evolution requirement in system based on Internet Service.

  13. Psychological Contracts and Their Implications for Commitment: A Feature-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInnis, Kate J.; Meyer, John P.; Feldman, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Two studies were conducted to examine the link between employee perceptions of the psychological contract and their affective and normative commitments to the organization. The authors adapt a new approach to the study of psychological contracts by developing a generalizable measure of "contract features" (e.g., scope; time frame). In Study 1…

  14. 48 CFR 2937.602 - Elements of performance-based contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... listed in FAR 37.102.) Generally, when contract performance risk under a PBC specification can be shifted to the contractor to allow for the operation of objective incentives, a contract type with.../technical) is best evaluated subjectively using qualitative measures, a Cost-Plus-Award-Fee contract may...

  15. Integrating GIS Web services based on mediating architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Guan-hua; HAN Liang; MA Xiu-jun; XIE Kun-qing; CHEN Zhuo

    2004-01-01

    The geographic information service is enabled by the advancements in general Web service technology and the focused efforts of the OGC in defining XML-based Web GIS service. Based on these models, this paper addresses the issue of services chaining,the process of combining or pipelining results from several interoperable GIS Web Services to create a customized solution. This paper presents a mediated chaining architecture in which a specific service takes responsibility for performing the process that describes a service chain. We designed the Spatial Information Process Language (SIPL) for dynamic modeling and describing the service chain, also a prototype of the Spatial Information Process Execution Engine (SIPEE) is implemented for executing processes written in SIPL. Discussion of measures to improve the functionality and performance of such system will be included.

  16. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    When you have stable and non-ambiguous requirements then a classic contract for IS between a supplier and a public sector institution based on a requirements specification may be well suited. However, if you have to accept many changes or have ambiguous requirements then you may end up with...... “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how to...... implement a fixed budget and resources contract in the public sector. The guideline includes elements to cope with challenges in a tender process such as transparency, criteria for supplier selection, and live assessment of resource skills and capabilities, as well as achieving the flexibility for change...

  17. Value Based Selling of Remote Services

    OpenAIRE

    Pajala, Teemu

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to propose suggestions for internal cooperation and external and internal value propositions for the Remote Diagnostic Services offered by a global company. The case company in the study is a major manufacturer of electrical products and systems operating globally, and the unit of the study a Marine Unit in this company. An additional issue to address is the cooperation between the product sales and service sales units, with the purpose to allow installation of...

  18. Cloud Service Based On Database Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Monica Kadam; Shubhangi Tambe

    2014-01-01

    Cloud database management system is a distributed database that delivers computing as a service. It is sharing of web infrastructure for resources, software and information over a network. The cloud is used as a storage location and database can be accessed and computed from anywhere. The large number of web application makes the use of distributed storage solution in order to scale up. It enables user to outsource the resource and services to the third party server. In this p...

  19. SERVICE-AWARE BASED FUZZY ADMISSION CONTROL SCHEME IN MULTI-SERVICE NETWORKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Gongan; Zhang Shunyi; Liu Shidong

    2007-01-01

    Multi-service aggregated transmission is the direction of IP network. Providing different Quality of Service (QoS) assurance for different services has become a crucial problem in future network.Admission control is a vital function for multi-service IP network. This paper proposes a novel fuzzy admission control scheme based on coarse granularity service-aware technique. Different service has discriminative sensitivity to the same QoS characteristic parameter in general. The traffic class can be perceived by the service request parameter and the proposed QoS function. And requirements of different applications can be met by maintaining the life parameter. From simulation results, the proposed scheme shows a better QoS provisioning than those traditional fuzzy logic based methods under the same admission probability.

  20. Three-Level Supply Chain Coordination under Disruptions Based on Revenue-Sharing Contract with Price Dependent Demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghua Pang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the market demand is stochastic and dependent on price, this paper shows that the revenue-sharing contract could coordinate a three-level supply chain consisting of one manufacturer, one distributor, and one retailer under normal environment. However, the original revenue-sharing contract cannot coordinate the supply chain under disruptions in circumstances of certain incidents leading to significant changes in market demand and causing additional deviation costs. To solve the problem, this essay introduces two improved forms of revenue-sharing contract: a mixed contract form based on a quantity discount policy and a pure form, which are characterized by antidisruption ability. The model of improved revenue-sharing contract is optimized when the market demand is in the additive form or in the multiplicative form with price dependent demand. Formulas are given to calculate the optimal contract parameters. Finally, this essay demonstrates the accuracy of the model of improved revenue-sharing contract with the help of numerical examples.

  1. LEGAL BASES OF INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhireeva A. S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article some features of legal regulation of the institute of public service are considered. The analysis of the norms of the service rights establishing the special administrative legal status of public servants is carried out. The author investigated the considerable list of the pre-revolutionary, soviet and modern legal literature devoted to topical issues of institute of public service. The main concept of this article is that the institute of public service is considered by us from a systemic position. For example, the content of the concept of "state position" from the point of view of both standard the contents, and opinions of representatives of the scientific doctrine is revealed. The author's definition of the legal category "state position" is offered. Besides, various concepts of understanding of the concept "public service" are presented in article. Thus the author paid attention to the fact that earlier in the domestic legislation there was no common opinion and standard establishment of the legal category of "public service". The main signs of the state position by the legislation of the Russian Empire are given in article. It is noted that in pre-revolutionary Russia legislators had identified the concepts of "public servant" and "official". This approach, according to the author, wasn't the advantage of the pre-revolutionary legislation, testifying to the low level of legislative equipment

  2. Service Selection Based on Non-functional Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Reiff-Marganiec, Stephan; Yu, Hong Qing; Tilly, Marcel

    2009-01-01

    Service-oriented Architecture supports software to be composed from services dynamically. Selecting and composing appropriate services according to business process, policies and non-functional constraints is an essential challenge. This paper proposes a method for automatic selection of the most relevant service for composition based on non-functional properties and the user’s context. In doing this we also propose a method of obtaining and evaluating non-functional aspects.

  3. Web Service Description and Discovery Based on Semantic Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xuemei; XU Lizhen; DONG Yisheng; WANG Yongli

    2006-01-01

    A novel semantic model of Web service description and discovery was proposed through an extension for profile model of Web ontology language for services (OWL-S) in this paper.Similarity matching of Web services was implemented through computing weighted summation of semantic similarity value based on specific domain ontology and dynamical satisfy extent evaluation for quality of service (QoS).Experiments show that the provided semantic matching model is efficient.

  4. A New Approach Regarding the Legal Contract Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sache Neculaescu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Why not agreeing upon a contract based on misbalanced services: because the party benefiting from an excessive service unlawfully exploited the precarious situation of the other party as a result of whom came to accept an unfair contract, or because contractual balance must be an essential feature of which and every contract with clearly established services? Which of the two reasons mentioned above is more important in terms of current contractual discipline? These are two questions which, no matter what answers will get, will involve an important matter of choice, in relation to which it will be possible to assess correctly the solutions proposed by the new Romanian Civil Code, as well as by the main bills on Europeancodification of contract law. The present study upholds the idea of misbalanced services only if it constitutes rather a remedy for a contractual problem, if it is oriented towards the legitimate interests of the most vulnerable party of that contract and less interested in sanctioning the guilty conduct of the person who tookadvantage from an excessive service. As a consequence, we support the objective perspective in what misbalanced services are concerned, a reason for which we shall be making a few comments on some of thenew legal provisions, by referring to the main bills on the European codification of contract law, and stating later on a few de lege ferenda proposals, in terms of contracts based on misbalanced services.

  5. 48 CFR 1437.103 - Contracting officer responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Award and administer contracts in a manner that will provide the customer with quality services on time... standards;. (b) Following is a checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 1437.103...

  6. An Ontology-Based Service Matching Strategy in Grid Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Nan; SHEN De-rong; YU Ge; KOU Yue; NIE Tie-zheng; CAO Yu

    2004-01-01

    An efficient ontology-based service searching scheme is put forward in this paper by introducing semantic information into grid systems.The ideas of ontology and OWL (Web ontology language) are applied to establish a uniform abstract concept model and standardization for grid services.We propose a general framework of ontology-based service discovery sub-system, which includes ontology storage module, context-based domain selection module and specific service matching module.Implementation policies are also presented in this paper.

  7. Business model analysis of interest-based social networking services

    OpenAIRE

    Lehtinen, Ilari

    2013-01-01

    Objectives of the study This research paper sets out to examine interest-based social networking services and the underlying business models that provide the logic for value creation, delivery, and capture. The objective of this paper is to uncover the common characteristics of interest-based social networking services' business models in order to understand the necessary building blocks that need to be present for a new service to function properly. Furthermore, it aims at giving manager...

  8. Foundations of Blueprint for Cloud-based Service Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, D K.

    2011-01-01

    Current cloud-based service offerings are often provided as one-size-fits-all solution and give little or no room for customization. This limits the ability for application developers to pick and choose offerings from multiple software, platform and infrastructure service providers and configure them dynamically and in an optimal fashion to address their application requirements. Furthermore, combining different independent cloud-based services necessitates a uniform description format that f...

  9. Indoor Location-Based Services In The Telecommunications Network

    OpenAIRE

    Kamath, Arjun

    2014-01-01

    ‘Location-based services’ are services that take the location of mobile devices into account. Traditionally, these services have revolved around positioning and navigation. However, with the advent of smartphones equipped with GPS receivers, a number of innovative location-based services have come into the market and caught users’ interest. Users spend nearly 90% of their time indoors and GPS receivers do not function well within buildings. Hence, there is a need for a reliable indoor pos...

  10. Joint Venture Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Pimentel, Dinarco

    2015-01-01

    Joint Venture contracts are contracting models typically designed to reach international markets. In spite of being used at the national level, a joint venture is based on single or multiple contracts between two individuals, two institutions, two organizations or two different entrepreneurial entities joining forces, meeting synergies to reach a common goal.Initially, these types of contracts were justifiable based on the need of different economic agents penetrating the most inaccessible ma...

  11. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for site surveillance and guarding operations during the dismantling of LEP and the LHC installation phase

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for site surveillance and guarding operations during the dismantling of LEP and the LHC installation phase. A call for tenders (IT-2860/ST) was sent on 15 May 2000 to 13 firms in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received four tenders from three firms and one consortium in two Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the firm SECURITAS (DE), the lowest bidder, for site surveillance and guarding operations during the dismantling of LEP and the LHC installation phase one, ending 30 September 2002, for a total amount of 4 787 434 Swiss francs, not subject to revision.

  12. 77 FR 1039 - Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... Service Numbering, published at 76 FR 59551, September 27, 2011, in WC Docket No. 10-191, and published... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering AGENCY: Federal... rules that govern access to toll-free numbers by users of Internet- based Telecommunications...

  13. CONTRACT FARMING PRACTICE IN INDIAN PUNJAB: FARMERS’ PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Nivedita Sharma

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the status quo of contract farming in Indian Punjab from the farmers‟ perspective. The analysis is based on the field survey of three districts of the state covering 300 contract farmers. It is observed that agribusiness normalization has taken hold of the CF practice and farmers are facing its brunt. Withdrawal of extension services, reneging on prices and procurement are the major issues afflicting CF. Lack of adjudication is making contract farming exploi...

  14. WEB SERVICE SELECTION ALGORITHM BASED ON PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Guosheng; Liu Jianxun; Tang Mingdong; Cao Buqing

    2013-01-01

    Existing Web service selection approaches usually assume that preferences of users have been provided in a quantitative form by users.However,due to the subjectivity and vagueness of preferences,it may be impractical for users to specify quantitative and exact preferences.Moreover,due to that Quality of Service (QoS) attributes are often interrelated,existing Web service selection approaches which employ weighted summation of QoS attribute values to compute the overall QoS of Web services may produce inaccurate results,since they do not take correlations among QoS attributes into account.To resolve these problems,a Web service selection framework considering user's preference priority is proposed,which incorporates a searching mechanism with QoS range setting to identify services satisfying the user's QoS constraints.With the identified service candidates,based on the idea of Principal Component Analysis (PCA),an algorithm of Web service selection named PCAoWSS (Web Service Selection based on PCA) is proposed,which can eliminate the correlations among QoS attributes and compute the overall QoS of Web services accurately.After computing the overall QoS for each service,the algorithm ranks the Web service candidates based on their overall QoS and recommends services with top QoS values to users.Finally,the effectiveness and feasibility of our approach are validated by experiments,i.e.the selected Web service by our approach is given high average evaluation than other ones by users and the time cost of PCA-WSS algorithm is not affected acutely by the number of service candidates.

  15. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this...... paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter......-firm linkages) and develop three scenarios for the implications for vendor firms. We find that BOT contracts, under certain circumstances, may imply benefits of process and knowledge upgrading for the emerging market vendor firm. However, given different sets of circumstances, engaging in a BOT contract carries...

  16. Service quality of cloud-based applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Eric

    2014-01-01

    This book explains why applications running on cloud might not deliver the same service reliability, availability, latency and overall quality to end users as they do when the applications are running on traditional (non-virtualized, non-cloud) configurations, and explains what can be done to mitigate that risk.

  17. Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, M. N. Susantha

    The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is

  18. Shade Trading: An Emerging Riparian Forest-Based Payment for Ecosystem Services Market in Oregon, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillozet, Kathleen

    2015-10-01

    This paper describes the regulatory and compliance context for Oregon's emerging ecosystem services (ES) market in riparian shade to meet water quality obligations. In Oregon's market as with many other ES programs, contracts and other regulatory documents not only delimit the obligations and liabilities of different parties, but also constitute a primary mechanism through which ES service delivery is measured. Through a review of compliance criteria I find that under Oregon's shade trades, permittees are held to a number of input-based criteria, which essentially affirm that parties comply with predetermined practices and procedures, and one `pseudo output based' criterion, in which ES delivery is estimated through a model. The case presented in the paper critically engages with the challenges of measuring ES and in assessing the outcomes of ES projects. It places these challenges as interrelated and proposes that market designers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should consider explicit efficacy, efficiency, and equity targets.

  19. Photoplethysmography-Based Method for Automatic Detection of Premature Ventricular Contractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solosenko, Andrius; Petrenas, Andrius; Marozas, Vaidotas

    2015-10-01

    This work introduces a method for detection of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in photoplethysmogram (PPG). The method relies on 6 features, characterising PPG pulse power, and peak-to-peak intervals. A sliding window approach is applied to extract the features, which are later normalized with respect to an estimated heart rate. Artificial neural network with either linear and non-linear outputs was investigated as a feature classifier. PhysioNet databases, namely, the MIMIC II and the MIMIC, were used for training and testing, respectively. After annotating the PPGs with respect to synchronously recorded electrocardiogram, two main types of PVCs were distinguished: with and without the observable PPG pulse. The obtained sensitivity and specificity values for both considered PVC types were 92.4/99.9% and 93.2/99.9%, respectively. The achieved high classification results form a basis for a reliable PVC detection using a less obtrusive approach than the electrocardiography-based detection methods. PMID:26513800

  20. Iterated non-linear model predictive control based on tubes and contractive constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo, M; Sánchez, G; Giovanini, L

    2016-05-01

    This paper presents a predictive control algorithm for non-linear systems based on successive linearizations of the non-linear dynamic around a given trajectory. A linear time varying model is obtained and the non-convex constrained optimization problem is transformed into a sequence of locally convex ones. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is addressed adding a convex contractive constraint. To account for linearization errors and to obtain more accurate results an inner iteration loop is added to the algorithm. A simple methodology to obtain an outer bounding-tube for state trajectories is also presented. The convergence of the iterative process and the stability of the closed-loop system are analyzed. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in controlling a quadcopter type unmanned aerial vehicle. PMID:26850752

  1. Ontology-based Semantic Search Engine for Healthcare Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jotsna Molly Rajan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available With the development of Web Services, the retrieval of relevant services has become a challenge. The keyword-based discovery mechanism using UDDI and WSDL is insufficient due to the retrievalof a large amount of irrelevant information. Also, keywords are insufficient in expressing semantic concepts since a single concept can be referred using syntactically different terms. Hence, service capabilities need to be manually analyzed, which lead to the development of the Semantic Web for automatic service discovery andretrieval of relevant services and resources. This work proposes the incorporation of Semantic matching methodology in Semantic Web for improving the efficiency and accuracy of the discovery mechanism.

  2. Web service based system for generating input data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article deals with a three-layer architectural model of a distributed information system based on Web services, which will be used for automatic generation of sets of input data. The information system will be constructed of a client layer, a service layer and of a data layer. The web services as a tool of developing distributed software systems will be presented briefly. A web service and the implementation of its web methods will be described. A way to use the developed web methods in real application will be proposed. Keywords: web services

  3. Service-based flexible workflow system for virtual enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-fei

    2008-01-01

    Using the services provided by virtual enterprises, we presented a solution to implement flexible inter-enterprise workflow management. Services were the responses of events that can be accessed programmatically on the Internet by HTTP protocol. Services were obtained according to some standardized service templates. The workflow engine's flexible control to a request was bound to appropriate services and their providers by using a constraint-based, dynamic binding mechanism. Hence, a flexible and collaborative business was achieved. The workflow management system supports virtual enterprise, and the styles of virtual enterprises can be adjusted readily to adapt various situations.

  4. Customer perceived value on a new technology-based service : Mobile service innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Vanhanen, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate customer perceived value of Päikky mobile service a mobile service innovation. The theoretical framework of this study was centred on service, customer perceived value, mobile value and customer satisfaction. This study used a quantitative research method in order to elaborate a web-based survey questionnaire. However, the data was analysed by employing multi-method approach. This methodology assists to facilitate the interpretation of the data...

  5. Analyzing e-service quality in service-based website by E-SERVQUAL

    OpenAIRE

    Babak Nemati; Hossein Gazor; Seyed Norollah MirAshrafi; Kianoush Nazari Ameleh

    2012-01-01

    Over the past two decades, two-way communication via web-based exchanges has been a popular method for different activities such as electronic transaction, publication, broadcasting, and other service applications. However, it is always necessary to measure the performance quality of web services using different technique such as e-SERVQUAL model. The proposed study of this paper uses this technique for measuring the quality of Iranian university e-services. The proposed study distributes a s...

  6. Reliability of Service-Based and Agent-Based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Huhns, Michael N.

    2010-01-01

    A description of the current problems of service-oriented architectures and service-oriented computing and how the solutions will come from using agent technology. That is, services will have to become more agent-like in order to succeed fully in the marketplace.

  7. Indoor location-based services prerequisites and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Werner, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This book delivers concise coverage of classical methods and new developments related to indoor location-based services. It collects results from isolated domains including geometry, artificial intelligence, statistics, cooperative algorithms, and distributed systems and thus provides an accessible overview of fundamental methods and technologies. This makes it an ideal starting point for researchers, students, and professionals in pervasive computing. Location-based services are services using the location of a mobile computing device as their primary input. While such services are fairly e

  8. Building Cloud-based Biometric Services

    OpenAIRE

    Žganec Gros, Jerneja; Bule, Jernej; Štruc, Vitomir; PEER, PETER

    2013-01-01

    Over the next few years the amount of biometric data being at the disposal of various agencies and authentication service providers is expected to grow significantly. Such quantities of data require not only enormous amounts of storage but unprecedented processing power as well. To be able to face this future challenges more and more people are looking towards cloud computing, which can address these challenges quite effectively with its seemingly unlimited storage capacity, ra...

  9. Evidence of long term muscle fatigue following prolonged intermittent contractions based on mechano- and electromyograms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, K; Blangsted, A K; Jørgensen, L V;

    2003-01-01

    performance of the biceps muscle are more strongly reflected in low than in high force test contractions, more prominent in the MMG than in the EMG signal and less pronounced following contractions controlled by visual compared to proprioceptive feedback. Further, it was investigated if fatigue induced by 30...... visual and proprioceptive feedback. EMG, MMG, and force were evaluated during isometric test contractions at 5% and 80% MVC before prolonged contraction and after 10 and 30 min of recovery. MVC decreased significantly after the fatiguing exercise in all three sessions and was still decreased even after...

  10. Trust Evaluation Model based on Multiple Service Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxue Ma

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available when the most trusted models evaluate level of trust about service entities at present, the credibility of the service attributes whether the two sides trading result is credible is rather ambiguous, which makes the evaluation model lack of persuasion, and not very good depict the complexity and uncertainty of trust relationship between the two sides. In view of the above questions, learning trust relationship from human society, according to the service of the node itself, abstracting representative multiple service attributes from the trusted relationship of the node service, service requester comprehensive evaluates multiple service attributes provided by service provider based on personal interest, and combines with the trust value, decide whether to trade finally; after the transaction, service request calculates QoS(quality of service difference degree according to actual QoS and service provider’own QoS claimed to judge the credibility of service provider, then gives corresponding rewards and punishment and trust update. Simulation results show that the model can evaluative accurately the node’s trust degree and effectively control of malicious nodes attack, when the malicious nodes have a higher proportion in the system ,it can still keep high success rate.

  11. Contract Teachers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Sangeeta; Pandey, Priyanka

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we use non-experimental data from government schools in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, two of the largest Indian states, to present average school outcomes by contract status of teachers. We find that contract teachers are associated with higher effort than civil service teachers with permanent tenures, before as well as after…

  12. 3 CFR - Government Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... commercial services used by the Government, such as transportation, food, and maintenance. Office of... should not be outsourced and commercial activities that may be subject to private sector competition has... shall be a preference for fixed-price type contracts. Cost-reimbursement contracts shall be used...

  13. P2MP MPLS-Based Hierarchical Service Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaki, Kenji; Nakagawa, Ikuo; Nagami, Kenichi; Ogishi, Tomohiko; Ano, Shigehiro

    This paper proposes a point-to-multipoint (P2MP) Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) based hierarchical service management system. Traditionally, general management systems deployed in some service providers control MPLS Label Switched Paths (LSPs) (e.g., RSVP-TE and LDP) and services (e.g., L2VPN, L3VPN and IP) separately. In order for dedicated management systems for MPLS LSPs and services to cooperate with each other automatically, a hierarchical service management system has been proposed with the main focus on point-to-point (P2P) TE LSPs in MPLS path management. In the case where P2MP TE LSPs and services are deployed in MPLS networks, the dedicated management systems for P2MP TE LSPs and services must work together automatically. Therefore, this paper proposes a new algorithm that uses a correlation between P2MP TE LSPs and multicast VPN services based on a P2MP MPLS-based hierarchical service management architecture. Also, the capacity and performance of the proposed algorithm are evaluated by simulations, which are actually based on certain real MPLS production networks, and are compared to that of the algorithm for P2P TE LSPs. Results show this system is very scalable within real MPLS production networks. This system, with the automatic correlation, appears to be deployable in real MPLS production networks.

  14. Service quality, trust, and patient satisfaction in interpersonal-based medical service encounters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Ching-Sheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interaction between service provider and customer is the primary core of service businesses of different natures, and the influence of trust on service quality and customer satisfaction could not be ignored in interpersonal-based service encounters. However, lack of existing literature on the correlation between service quality, patient trust, and satisfaction from the prospect of interpersonal-based medical service encounters has created a research gap in previous studies. Therefore, this study attempts to bridge such a gap with an evidence-based practice study. Methods We adopted a cross-sectional design using a questionnaire survey of outpatients in seven medical centers of Taiwan. Three hundred and fifty copies of questionnaire were distributed, and 285 valid copies were retrieved, with a valid response rate of 81.43%. The SPSS 14.0 and AMOS 14.0 (structural equation modeling statistical software packages were used for analysis. Structural equation modeling clarifies the extent of relationships between variables as well as the chain of cause and effect. Restated, SEM results do not merely show empirical relationships between variables when defining the practical situation. For this reason, SEM was used to test the hypotheses. Results Perception of interpersonal-based medical service encounters positively influences service quality and patient satisfaction. Perception of service quality among patients positively influences their trust. Perception of trust among patients positively influences their satisfaction. Conclusions According to the findings, as interpersonal-based medical service encounters will positively influence service quality and patient satisfaction, and the differences for patients’ perceptions of the professional skill and communication attitude of personnel in interpersonal-based medical service encounters will influence patients’ overall satisfaction in two ways: (A interpersonal-based medical

  15. Analysis of Trust-Based Approaches for Web Service Selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola; Miotto, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    The basic tenet of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is the possibility of building distributed applications on the Web by using Web services as fundamental building blocks. The proliferation of such services is considered the second wave of evolution in the Internet age, moving the Web from...... a collection of pages to a collections of services. Consensus is growing that this Web service revolution wont eventuate until we resolve trust-related issues. Indeed, the intrinsic openness of the SOC vision makes crucial to locate useful services and recognize them as trustworthy. In this paper we review...... the field of trust-based Web service selection, providing a structured classification of current approaches and highlighting the main limitations of each class and of the overall field....

  16. A Survey on Trust-Based Web Service Provision Approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola

    2010-01-01

    The basic tenet of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is the possibility of building distributed applications on the Web by using Web Services as fundamental building blocks. The proliferation of such services is considered the second wave of evolution in the Internet age, moving the Web from a...... collection of pages to a collections of services. Consensus is growing that this Web Service “revolution” won't eventuate until we resolve trust-related issues. Indeed, the intrinsic openness of the SOC vision makes crucial to locate useful services and recognize them as trustworthy. In this paper we review...... the field of trust-based Web Service selection, providing a structured classification of current approaches and highlighting the main limitations of each class and of the overall field. As a result, we claim that a soft notion of trust lies behind such weaknesses and we advocate the need of a new...

  17. Public works concession. Delimitation from other contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Cătălina Georgeta MATEI; Roxana Anca ADAM

    2012-01-01

    The concession of public services without the concession of the related public works was viewed as an exception. The public services contract was considered to rank first among the administrative contracts. The European Court of Justice ruled that establishing of the nature of a contract – whether it is a public works contract or a public contract of a different nature – is made by identifying the main purpose of the contract that determines the applicable directive, including situations wher...

  18. Enabling a Ubiquitous Location Based Service on Campus

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsen, Bjarte Stien

    2005-01-01

    This thesis have looked at two subjects that are a necessary part of a Location Based Service. Guidelines on how to make a Location Model of the campus has been suggested. The proposed model enhanced already existing suggestions and provides support for different queries. Testing was done with Ekahau WLAN positioning technology to obtain location information. The results of the testing showed that the technology was suitable to provide a services that required accuracy at room-level. Services...

  19. Codebook-Based SDMA for Coexistence with Fixed Wireless Service

    OpenAIRE

    Jo, Han-Shin; Mun, Cheol; Yook, Jong-Gwan

    2010-01-01

    A portion of frequency band for International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT)-Advanced is currently allocated to Fixed Wireless Service (FWS) such as Fixed Service (FS), Fixed Satellite Service (FSS), or Fixed Wireless Access (FWA), which requires frequency sharing between both the systems. SDMA, due to its high throughput nature, is candidate for IMT-Advanced. This paper proposes a systematic design of a precoder codebook for SDMA sharing spectrum with existing FWS. Based on an estimated dir...

  20. STUDY& ANALYSIS OF CLOUD BASED ERP SERVICES

    OpenAIRE

    Rajeev Sharma; Bright Keswani

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research paper is to explore the knowledge of the existing studies related to cloud computing current trend. The outcome of my work will be demonstrated in the form of diagram which will exemplify the ERP integration process for in-house and cloud eco-system. It will provide a conceptual view to the new client or entrepreneurs using ERP services and explain them how to deal with two stages of ERP systems (cloud and in-house). Also suggest how to improve knowledge ...

  1. Enabling Indoor Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radaelli, Laura

    Indoor spaces have always attracted interest from different scientific disciplines. Relatively recent interest in indoor settings by computer scientists is driven in part by the increasing use of smartphones, which serve as a platform for service delivery and can generate extensive volumes...... positioning system. Second, we propose an implementation of the vision in the form of a prototype that integrates Wi-Fi and video cameras for positioning. Aggregation or abstraction are needed to be able to explore large volumes of indoor trajectory data. We present two contributions to extracting information...

  2. MSEB SERVICE RESTORATION USING WEB BASED SCADA

    OpenAIRE

    Kurhe P. S.*, Madhuri Unde

    2016-01-01

    In our day today life electricity may be interrupted due to afternoon storms, snow storms and natural disasters. When these events occur we may think that it is due to some MSEB technical fault & the power will come after some time. If it is not coming, then we are calling to MSEB operator. Then the available tools and analytic techniques are applied to locate the fault, isolate the faulted area, complete repairs and restore service to the faulted area. This is done by the control room st...

  3. Willingness to pay for web-based movie services

    OpenAIRE

    Nysveen, Herbjørn; Pedersen, Per E.

    2006-01-01

    Consumers’ willingness to pay for digital adventure-oriented media in everyday life is an unexplored research field. In this study, willingness to pay and parts of the nomological network of willingness to pay is presented. Based on these theories, a survey among consumers of a web-based movie service is conducted. Results indicate that compatibility, observability and perceived enjoyment are the main antecedents of consumers’ intention to use web-based movie services. Mean willingness to pay...

  4. Can Conservation Contracts Co-exist with Change? Payment for Ecosystem Services in the Context of Adaptive Decision-Making and Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Tanya; Murtinho, Felipe; Cárdenas Camacho, Luis Mario; Crespo, Patricio; McHugh, Sarah; Salmerón, David

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the ability of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs to operate in the context of dynamic and complex social-ecological systems. Drawing on the experiences of two different PES programs in Latin America, we examine how PES institutions fit with the tenets of adaptive decision-making for sustainable resource management. We identify how the program goals and the connection to the market influence the incentive structure, information gathering, learning and feedback processes, and the structure of decision-making rights, specifically the ability to make and modify resource-use rules. Although limited in their generalizability, findings from the two case studies suggest a tension between the contractual model of PES and adaptive decision-making in natural resource systems. PES programs are not inherently decentralized, flexible management tools, as PES contracts tend to restrict decision-making rights and offer minimal flexibility mechanisms to change resource-use practices over the duration of the contract period. Furthermore, PES design and flexibility is heavily dependent on the goals and mission of the buyer and the respective market. If PES is to facilitate sustainable resource management, greater attention is needed to assess how the institutional design of the PES contracts influence the motivation and capacity of participants and program officers alike to adaptively manage the respective resource systems.

  5. 26 CFR 1.801-8 - Contracts with reserves based on segregated asset accounts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-8 Contracts with... to all of such segregated asset accounts. (2) Foreign life insurance companies. For adjustment under... benefits payable under a variable annuity contract vary with the insurance company's investment...

  6. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the upper chambers of the ... and Privacy Policy Arrhythmia • ... Disorders Premature Contractions Tachycardia Ventricular Fibrillation Other Rhythm Disorders Types of ...

  7. Ontology management in a service-oriented architecture: Architecture of an knowledge base access service

    OpenAIRE

    Moßgraber, Jürgen; Rospocher, M.

    2012-01-01

    An increasing number of information systems integrate semantic data stores for managing ontologies. To access these knowledge bases most of the available implementations provide application programming interfaces (APIs). The implementations of these APIs normally do not support any kind of network protocol or service interface. This works fine as long as a monolithic system is developed. If the need arises to integrate such a knowledge base into a service-oriented architecture a different app...

  8. Public utility contract between the French government and Electricite de France; Contrat de service public entre l'etat et Electricite de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    According to the law from February 10, 2000, Electricite de France (EdF) is in charge of the execution of several missions of public utility. In a more specific way, the missions relative to the transport of electricity have been entrusted to the RTE, i.e. the service in charge of the management of the public network. RTE belongs to EdF but has a distinct liability in the carrying out of its public utility missions. Therefore, this contract comprises two distinct parts: one concerning EdF's commitments and one concerning RTE's commitments. The commitments concern the quality of supplies and services, the safety of facilities, the respect of the environment, the transparency, dialogue and ethics with respect to the public and its information, and the follow up and control of these commitments. (J.S.)

  9. Suitability of XP for Service-Based Application Development

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Brabec, Tomáš; Buchalcevová, A.

    Praha: KIT VŠE, 2007, s. 109-116. ISBN 978-80-245-1196-2. [Systems Integration 2007. Praha (CZ), 10.06.2007-12.06.2007] Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : SOA * eXtreme programming * RUP * Web services * service-based application life cycle Subject RIV: JC - Computer Hardware ; Software

  10. Mental Health Care in a High School Based Health Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jepson, Lisa; Juszczak, Linda; Fisher, Martin

    1998-01-01

    Describes the mental-health and medical services provided at a high-school-based service center. Five years after the center's inception mental health visits had quadrupled. One third of students utilizing the center reported substance abuse within their family. Other reasons for center use included pregnancy, suicidal ideation, obesity,…

  11. Bases for Vocational Education for Food Service Industry Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames.

    As a preliminary step in establishing bases for food service training programs, data were collected from a sample of institutions including 4,496 restaurants, 158 hospitals, 436 nursing homes, and 343 custodial homes. A second phase involved developing inventories of attitudes toward food service employment and administering them to high school…

  12. In-route skyline querying for location-based services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xuegang, Huang; Jensen, Kristian S.

    2005-01-01

    With the emergence of an infrastructure for location-aware mobile services, the processing of advanced, location-based queries that are expected to underlie such services is gaining in relevance, While much work has assumed that users move in Euclidean space, this paper assumes that movement is...

  13. RESEARCH ON REUSE-BASED WEB SERVICES COMPOSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rao Yuan; Li Zunchao; Feng Boqin

    2005-01-01

    Objective To solve the three principal problems for reusing the software components, i.e., existence, discovery and availability principles, web services provided a new solution for reusing and assembling web software or components under distributed environment with a series of XML-based protocols. Methods A 4+1 meta-model between atomic services, such as Sequence, Parallelism, Alternation, Substitute and Iteration, and a kind of service composition description language in composition process are investigated. Furthermore, an architecture-based service composition model with Ontology Engine is proposed, which is based on the software architecture life-cycle model and provides a mechanism for services composition with dynamic management and deployment. Results The results of the prototype system development show that the service-composed application not only reused the web service components, but also reused the data resources located in distributed databases. Conclusion The method of reused-based web services composition observably decreases the period and cost of development and greatly improves the programming efficiency.

  14. GEMBus based services composition platform for cloud PaaS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Demchenko; C. Ngo; P. Martínez-Julia; E. Torroglosa; M. Grammatikou; J. Jofre; S. Gheorghiu; J.A. Garcia-Espin; A.D. Perez-Morales; C. de Laat

    2012-01-01

    Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides an environment for creating and deploying applications using one of popular development platforms. This paper presents a practical solution for building a service composition platform based on the GEMBus (GEANT Multi-domain Bus) that extends the industry a

  15. Indoor navigation and location based services scenario for airports

    OpenAIRE

    Klimek, Helge; Greßmann, Björn; Turau, Volker

    2011-01-01

    This report explains in an in depth example how our architecture for indoor navigation and location based services (INLBS) works. The expandable architecture offers a framework API and predefined services with a runtime environment and aims at enabling ubiquitous INLBS where users can use their mobile devices in any building.

  16. Agent-based Personal Network (PN) service architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Bo; Olesen, Henning

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we proposte a new concept for a centralized agent system as the solution for the PN service architecture, which aims to efficiently control and manage the PN resources and enable the PN based services to run seamlessly over different networks and devices. The working principle...

  17. Policy-Aware Sender Anonymity in Location-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vyas, Avinash

    2011-01-01

    Sender anonymity in Location-based services (LBS) refers to hiding the identity of a mobile device user who sends requests to the LBS provider for services in her proximity (e.g. "find the nearest gas station etc."). The goal is to keep the requester's interest private even from attackers who (via hacking or subpoenas) gain access to the LBS…

  18. 77 FR 71642 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Services 3 contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses... Expedited Package Services (GEPS) 3 contract (Contract).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39...

  19. 48 CFR 317.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 317.204 Section 317.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 317.204 Contracts. (e) The total of the basic and...

  20. FRAMEWORK: ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING IN SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Medianeira Stefano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Organizations have a constant need to be prepared to continue competing, which shows the search for alternatives for their stay in the market. It has become a common goal in today's business environment, to improve efficiency and restructure organization, turning it effective. In this context, information about costs has become increasingly important to support and justify the process of decision-making. This article is aimed at structuring a bibliography portfolio to treat the application of the ABC method in service and contribute to discussions within the scientific community. The methodology followed a three-stage procedure: Planning, execution and Synthesis. International databases were used to collect information (ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus. As a result, we obtained a bibliography portfolio of 21 articles (with scientific recognition dealing with the proposed theme.

  1. Impact on the Performance of Health Workers Adopted Performance-Related Contracts in the Provision of Basic Public Health Service At Village and Township Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    ZHAO, Yaojun; HUO, Zhen’ang; WU, Jian; XIE, Shuangbao; ZHANG, Liang; FENG, Zhanchun

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper focus on the impact on the performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of a government stipulated package of basic public health service, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode. Methods: The concept of balanced scorecard was adopted and developed to gather the 11 evaluation indicators distributed in four quadrants. These were implemented using on-site questionnaire and interview design. Four thousand and twenty-one respondents at 30 administrative villages including 2674 respondents at 20 pilot villages and 1347 at 10 control villages were investigated. Meanwhile, 62 administration officials from three counties and nine townships were interviewed. Results: Eight of 11 evaluation indicators were obviously better in pilot counties than in Control County, The remaining three indicators respectively represented that equal, inferior to control county, and could not clear judge. Conclusion: The performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of basic public health service in pilot counties, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode, is better than before and control county. PMID:23785674

  2. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  3. Graph based E-Government web service composition

    CERN Document Server

    Elmaghraoui, Hajar; Chiadmi, Dalila; Benhlima, Laila

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, e-government has emerged as a government policy to improve the quality and efficiency of public administrations. By exploiting the potential of new information and communication technologies, government agencies are providing a wide spectrum of online services. These services are composed of several web services that comply with well defined processes. One of the big challenges is the need to optimize the composition of the elementary web services. In this paper, we present a solution for optimizing the computation effort in web service composition. Our method is based on Graph Theory. We model the semantic relationship between the involved web services through a directed graph. Then, we compute all shortest paths using for the first time, an extended version of the Floyd-Warshall algorithm.

  4. Privacy for location-based services

    CERN Document Server

    Ghinita, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Sharing of location data enables numerous exciting applications, such as location-based queries, location-based social recommendations, monitoring of traffic and air pollution levels, etc. Disclosing exact user locations raises serious privacy concerns, as locations may give away sensitive information about individuals' health status, alternative lifestyles, political and religious affiliations, etc. Preserving location privacy is an essential requirement towards the successful deployment of location-based applications. These lecture notes provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in locatio

  5. Web-Based Self-Service Systems for Managed IT Support: Service Provider Perspectives of Stakeholder-Based Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Vanessa A.; Lichtenstein, Sharman; Smith, Ross

    This chapter explores the provision of after-sales information technology (IT) support services using Web-based self-service systems (WSSs) in a business-to-business (B2B) context. A recent study conducted at six large multi-national IT support organisations revealed a number of critical success factors (CSFs) and stakeholder-based issues. To better identify and understand these important enablers and barriers, we explain how WSSs should be considered within a complex network of service providers, business partners and customer firms. The CSFs and stakeholder-based issues are discussed. The chapter highlights that for more successful service provision using WSSs, IT service providers should collaborate more effectively with enterprise customers and business partners and should better integrate their WSSs.

  6. Investigation and Development of Quality of Service Management for Web based Services: Managing Quality of Service from the End-User Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dalton, Eamonn

    2000-01-01

    With the advent of Web based delivery of business applications and increasing dependency on these services, management of availability and performance are critical. For service providers to offer guarantees on Web based application performance of services delivered via Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), they must implement Quality of Service (QoS) and have a composite view of service quality across all the components in the service delivery chain including databases, networks ...

  7. Active Knowledge: Dynamically Enriching RDF Knowledge Bases by Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Nicoleta Preda; Gjergji Kasneci; Fabian Suchanek; Thomas Neumann; Wenjun Yuan; Gerhard Weikum. Active Knowledge

    2010-01-01

    The proliferation of knowledge-sharing communities and the advances in information extraction have enabled the construction of large knowledge bases using the RDF data model to represent entities and relationships. However, as the Web and its latently embedded facts evolve, a knowledge base can never be complete and up-to-date. On the other hand, a rapidly increasing suite of Web services provide access to timely and high-quality information, but this is encapsulated by the service interface....

  8. TEKNOLOGI LOCATION BASED SERVICE (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM) PADA PERANGKAT MOBILE

    OpenAIRE

    Budi Yulianto

    2010-01-01

    Article presents analysis and design of software using Location Based Service (LBS) that is part of communication technology based on geographic position. The goal of the research is designing LBS application to be implemented on mobile device that has GPS (Global Positioning System) technology and uses GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) to connect to server for generating shortest path by Dijkstra algorithm method Fibonacci Heap. Software development method used is LBS application implement...

  9. Location-Based Services and Privacy in Airports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, John Paulin; Alapetite, Alexandre; Andersen, Henning Boje;

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a study of privacy concerns related to location-based services in an airport, where users who volunteer for the service will be tracked for a limited period and within a limited area. Reactions elicited from travellers at a field trial showed 60% feeling to some or to a large...... degree more secure with the system in operation. To provide a background for the privacy study we also describe services provided by the tracking facility and the infrastructure behind it as well as the design and evaluation activities we used. Based on project results including a large number of...

  10. Networking as a Service: a Cloud-based Network Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Feng

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development and integration of the Internet, wireless communication network and the Internet of Things, the Internet faces many challenges as a bearer network: a large volume of information exchange, multi-level QoS and smoothly switching multiple access protocols.The Internet should be able to provide a variety of network capacities in a more dynamic and on-demand way, not just limited network resource provision through virtualization. The elastic network is expected to adapt to network changes by enabling network protocols selection and combination dynamically. Cloud computing illustrates a new Internet-based model of IT resources (hardware, software, data provision, delivery and consumption as a service. Therefore, networking as a service can provide guaranteed quality of service and good quality of experience to users who do not care about any network configuration and network management.In this paper, we propose a novel idea of networking as a service by combining the service provision model of cloud computing with the openness of the network protocol. The related conception and stakeholders of networking as a service is depicted. Cloud-based network architecture is design to present the provision, delivery and consumption of networking as a service and discuss the key features of cloud-based network. Finally, a prototype of cloud-based network is implemented by extending OpenFlow architecture.

  11. Improved nuclear data services based on JANIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents the general features and latest developments of JANIS (Java-based Nuclear data Information Software) which has been developed to facilitate remote access to the large nuclear databases hosted by the NEA Data Bank: chart of nuclides, search tools, examples of basic nuclear data which can be displayed, examples of data manipulation, web extension

  12. Can Market-Based Contracts Substitute for Alliances in High Technology Markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Markus Nordberg; Alexandra J Campbell; Alain Verbeke

    1996-01-01

    Most current research on technology alliances assumes that trading partners are free to select an optimal governance structure. However, for international scientific research centers working with advanced technologies, the choices for industrial collaboration are often limited to short-term contracts. This research investigates whether in high technology settings, such short-term contracts can substitute for longer-term cooperative alliances. While the short-term transaction costs are high, t...

  13. Exploring limits to market-based reform: managed competition and rehabilitation home care services in Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Glen E; Williams, A Paul

    2006-04-01

    The rise of neo-liberalism, which suggests that only markets can deliver maximum economic efficiency, has been a driving force behind the trend towards using market-based solutions to correct health care problems. However, the broad application of market-based reforms has tended to assume the presence of fully functioning markets. When there are barriers to markets functioning effectively, such as the absence of adequate competition, recourse to market-based solutions can be expected to produce less than satisfactory, if not paradoxical results. One such case is rehabilitation homecare in Ontario, Canada. In 1996, a "managed competition" model was introduced as part of a province-wide reform of home care in an attempt to encourage high quality at competitive prices. However, in the case of rehabilitation home care services, significant obstacles to achieving effective competition existed. Notably, there were few private provider agencies to bid on contracts due to the low volume and specialized nature of services. There were also structural barriers such as the presence of unionized employees and obstacles to the entry of new providers. This paper evaluates the impact of Ontario's managed competition reform on community-based rehabilitation services. It draws on data obtained through 49 in-depth key informant interviews and a telephone survey of home care coordinating agencies and private rehabilitation provider agencies. Instead of reducing costs and improving quality, as the political rhetoric promised, the analysis suggests that providing rehabilitation homecare services under managed competition resulted in higher per-visit costs and reduced access to services. These findings support the contention that there are limits to market-based reforms. PMID:16198035

  14. A Novel Active Network Architecture Based on Extensible Services Router

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Active networks are a new kind of packet-switched networks in which packets have code fragments that are executed on the intermediary nodes (routers). The code can extend or modify the foundation architecture of a network. In this paper, the authors present a novel active network architecture combined with advantages of two major active networks technology based on extensible services router. The architecture consists of extensible service router, active extensible components server and key distribution center (KDC). Users can write extensible service components with programming interface. At the present time, we have finished the extensible services router prototype system based on Highly Efficient Router Operating System (HEROS), active extensible components server and KDC prototype system based on Linux.

  15. An NFC-based Scenic Service System

    OpenAIRE

    Jie Ma; Jinlong E

    2014-01-01

    Based on the characteristics that NFC devices can read and write specific tags and readers, three programs are proposed using NFC mobile phones to interact with the deployed tags and readers for acquiring information of the current attraction and attractions nearby. A kind of check-in and scoring mechanism is also designed which can be efficient and effective for users to upload scores for popular attractions recommendation, and its correctness has been verified by formula derivation. Then a ...

  16. SECURE SERVICE DISCOVERY BASED ON PROBE PACKET MECHANISM FOR MANETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Pariselvam

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In MANETs, Service discovery process is always considered to be crucial since they do not possess a centralized infrastructure for communication. Moreover, different services available through the network necessitate varying categories. Hence, a need arises for devising a secure probe based service discovery mechanism to reduce the complexity in providing the services to the network users. In this paper, we propose a Secure Service Discovery Based on Probe Packet Mechanism (SSDPPM for identifying the DoS attack in MANETs, which depicts a new approach for estimating the level of trust present in each and every routing path of a mobile ad hoc network by using probe packets. Probing based service discovery mechanisms mainly identifies a mobile node’s genuineness using a test packet called probe that travels the entire network for the sake of computing the degree of trust maintained between the mobile nodes and it’s attributed impact towards the network performance. The performance of SSDPPM is investigated through a wide range of network related parameters like packet delivery, throughput, Control overhead and total overhead using the version ns-2.26 network simulator. This mechanism SSDPPM, improves the performance of the network in an average by 23% and 19% in terms of packet delivery ratio and throughput than the existing service discovery mechanisms available in the literature.

  17. Probability-Based Determination Methods for Service Waiting in Service-Oriented Computing Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Sen; Huang, Shuangxi; Liu, Yang

    Cooperative business processes (CBP)-based service-oriented enterprise networks (SOEN) are emerging with the significant advances of enterprise integration and service-oriented architecture. The performance prediction and optimization for CBP-based SOEN is very complex. To meet these challenges, one of the key points is to try to reduce an abstract service’s waiting number of its physical services. This paper introduces a probability-based determination method (PBDM) of an abstract service’ waiting number, M l , and time span, τ i , for its physical services. The determination of M i and τ i is according to the physical services’ arriving rule and their overall performance’s distribution functions. In PBDM, the arriving probability of the physical services with the best overall performance value is a pre-defined reliability. PBDM has made use of the information of the physical services’ arriving rule and performance distribution functions thoroughly, which will improve the computational efficiency for the scheme design and performance optimization of the collaborative business processes in service-oriented computing environments.

  18. Mobile Police Information System Based on Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The demand for communications anywhere, anytime, and on any device without recording the date is growing with the development of modern information technologies. Current wireless communications enable people to freely exchange information, while web services provide loosely-coupled, language-neutral, and platform-independent ways of linking applications within organizations, across enterprises, and across the Internet. This paper describes a mobile information system for police service, which integrates wireless communication technologies and web service technologies. The system satisfies the special demands of police information systems, such as security and interoperability. Policemen in the system can use various kinds of mobile terminals, such as mobile phones, tablet PCs, personal digital assistants, and laptops equipped with wireless LAN or GPRS to access data in the central database. The system is based on web services with a secure web service architecture and simple object access protocol message passing.

  19. Emerging commercial opportunities based on combined communication navigation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Eberhard; Fox, Brian M.; Kreisel, Joerg

    2006-07-01

    Cost reduction pressure on companies and increasing regulatory and legislative demand together with rapid technological progress in space-based communication and navigation are opening up new and exciting commercial opportunities. In this framework, a novel service for maritime applications is presented using a two-way messaging system and the global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The system implements an end-to-end solution for asset tracking and fleet management, positioning and tracing, messaging and security for all types of sea-going vessels. The service applies a vessel-based terminal hosting a GNSS receiver which transmits the navigation status together with messages to a Service Center with a flexible return-link capability. A hybrid space segment is considered comprising the Inmarsat constellation of geostationary communications satellites augmented by two highly inclined low earth orbit satellites for truly global services. Services will be offered to commercial enterprises such as fishing companies as well as public entities such as National Coast Guards. A detailed market analysis has been performed to assess these markets and to determine their penetration. Commercial viability has been proven for business models purely based on Inmarsat and a hybrid space segment using Inmarsat and dedicated micro-satellites. Both cases represent viable businesses in the range of MEUR 100 p.a. Although tailored to a specific market, the approach can be extended to other commercial opportunities requiring space-based communication-navigation services.

  20. Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the English National Health Service: the extension of a professional project?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Ruth; Campbell, Stephen; Lester, Helen

    2009-04-01

    This paper reports the impact on nurses working in primary health care settings of changes to the general practitioner (GP) contract in England implemented in 2004. Previous changes to the GP contract in 1990, which gave financial rewards for health promotion activities, were seen as enabling nurses to take on work that GPs did not want and providing an impetus for the development of a professional project (Broadbent, J. (1998). Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the British NHS: the advent of a professional project? Social Science & Medicine, 47(4), 497-506). Our study, which involved interviews with nurses from 20 practices, finds that nurses are taking on work which has previously been the exclusive preserve of medical professionals. An increasing emphasis in nurses' accounts on technical skills and knowledge may help decouple nursing from a narrative of caring, which has been seen as detracting from professional advancement. Our research suggests that practice nurse work is changing to reflect a more medical (and masculine) orientation to service delivery. At the same time, nursing work is described as routine and template driven, which may limit claims to 'professional' status. The reaction of some practice nurses to Health Care Assistants encroaching on what was previously practice nurse territory suggests a policing of boundaries, rather than an inclusive approach to colleagues within the nursing team. This resonates with Davies' (Davies, C. (1995). Gender and the professional predicament in nursing. Bucks: Open University Press) suggestion that professionalisation as a process involves compliance with a masculine notion of professionalism (autonomous, elite, individual, divisive, detached) which marginalises feminine attributes and devalues the work done by women. The study also raises questions about the role of caring in general practice settings where nurses choose to prioritise other concerns. PMID:19254819

  1. ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION PLATFORM BASED ON SERVICE- ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xiaojun; ZHANG Xu; NING Ruxin; SONG Yu

    2008-01-01

    To achieve information integration, process integration and application integration of enterprise, an enterprise integration platform (EIP) based on service-oriented architecture (SOA) is built. The enterprise integration model depending on encapsulating the business processes as well as the enterprise applications by the neutral and standard web services is presented. The problem how to discover the existed enterprise resources and share them was resolved depending on the mechanism of publishing and discovering the services. The EIP is integrated closely with product lifecycle management (PLM) system so that the process integration as well as orchestration of the business process services is implemented by encapsulating the workflow engine of PLM system. Not only process integration and application integration, but also information integration based on the bill of material (BOM) conversion driven by process are achieved. Finally, an interpretive, qualitative case study on EIP is conducted for this research.

  2. Multidimensional Data Modeling For Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Kligys, Augustas; Pedersen, Torben Bach;

    2004-01-01

    and requests of their users in multidimensional databases, i.e., data warehouses, and content delivery may be based on the results of complex queries on these data warehouses. Such queries aggregate detailed data in order to find useful patterns, e.g., in the interaction of a particular user with the services......With the recent and continuing advances in areas such as wireless communications and positioning technologies, mobile, location-based services are becoming possible. Such services deliver location-dependent content to their users. More specifically, these services may capture the movements....... The application of multidimensional technology in this context poses a range of new challenges. The specific challenge addressed here concerns the provision of an appropriate multidimensional data model. In particular, the paper extends an existing multidimensional data model and algebraic query language...

  3. Multidimensional Data Modeling For Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Kligys, A.; Pedersen, Torben Bach;

    2003-01-01

    and requests of their users in multidimensional databases, i.e., data warehouses; and content delivery may be based on the results of complex queries on these data warehouses. Such queries aggregate detailed data in order to find useful patterns, e.g., in the interaction of a particular user with the services......With the recent and continuing advances in areas such as wireless communications and positioning technologies, mobile, location-based services are becoming possible. Such services deliver location-dependent content to their users. More specifically, these services may capture the movements....... The application of multidimensional technology in this context poses a range of new challenges. The specific challenge addressed here concerns the provision of an appropriate multidimensional data model. In particular, the paper extends an existing multidimensional data model and algebraic query language...

  4. A cloud computing based 12-lead ECG telemedicine service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsieh Jui-chien

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to the great variability of 12-lead ECG instruments and medical specialists’ interpretation skills, it remains a challenge to deliver rapid and accurate 12-lead ECG reports with senior cardiologists’ decision making support in emergency telecardiology. Methods We create a new cloud and pervasive computing based 12-lead Electrocardiography (ECG service to realize ubiquitous 12-lead ECG tele-diagnosis. Results This developed service enables ECG to be transmitted and interpreted via mobile phones. That is, tele-consultation can take place while the patient is on the ambulance, between the onsite clinicians and the off-site senior cardiologists, or among hospitals. Most importantly, this developed service is convenient, efficient, and inexpensive. Conclusions This cloud computing based ECG tele-consultation service expands the traditional 12-lead ECG applications onto the collaboration of clinicians at different locations or among hospitals. In short, this service can greatly improve medical service quality and efficiency, especially for patients in rural areas. This service has been evaluated and proved to be useful by cardiologists in Taiwan.

  5. Online Shopping Service Supply Chain Coordination Contract Considering Bilateral Service Level%考虑双边服务水平的网购服务供应链协调契约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦星红; 苏强; 李贵萍

    2016-01-01

    In this paper , service quality coordination mechanism is studied in a two-layer service supply chain that consists of one online store and one TPL with the market demand dependent on their service levels .Service decisions are compared and analyzed in two different scenarios:decentralized decision and centralized decision . And then the limitations of the traditional price-only contract in the first scenario are pointed out .Considering the scenario of centralized decision as a benchmark , we propose a revenue sharing contract ( RSC ) as a method to coordin ate the decentralized supply chain and give the conditions and limitations of the contract to realize supply chain coordination .The results show that the RSC can motivate both online store and TPL to improve service lev-el and realize service supply chain coordination .Moreover , the result shows that basic service levels of all mem-bers have a positive influence on their service decision in the two scenarios , and the effect is greater in the sec-ond scenario .However , the results also show that service congestion effect may appear due to the shortage of the service capacity of TPL , which may decrease the efficiency of the service system .Finally, the numerical analysis proves the effectiveness of the RSC and the sensitivity analysis is made for the main parameters of our models .%本文考虑了由单个网络商店和单个第三方物流企业( TPL)所构成的二级网购服务供应链,在双方服务水平同时影响市场需求的情况下,研究了网购服务供应链的服务质量协调问题。通过对比分散式和集中式供应链中各方的均衡决策,指出传统价格契约的不足,提出采用收益共享契约对供应链进行协调,并分析了该契约实现供应链协调的条件和局限。研究结果表明:收益共享契约能激励双方提高服务水平、实现供应链协调;协调契约实施前后各方的基本服务水平对各自的收益和服

  6. ESO Signs Largest-Ever European Industrial Contract For Ground-Based Astronomy Project ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, announced today that it has signed a contract with the consortium led by Alcatel Alenia Space and composed also of European Industrial Engineering (Italy) and MT Aerospace (Germany), to supply 25 antennas for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) project, along with an option for another seven antennas. The contract, worth 147 million euros, covers the design, manufacture, transport and on-site integration of the antennas. It is the largest contract ever signed in ground-based astronomy in Europe. The ALMA antennas present difficult technical challenges, since the antenna surface accuracy must be within 25 microns, the pointing accuracy within 0.6 arc seconds, and the antennas must be able to be moved between various stations on the ALMA site. This is especially remarkable since the antennas will be located outdoor in all weather conditions, without any protection. Moreover, the ALMA antennas can be pointed directly at the Sun. ALMA will have a collecting area of more than 5,600 square meters, allowing for unprecedented measurements of extremely faint objects. The signing ceremony took place on December 6, 2005 at ESO Headquarters in Garching, Germany. "This contract represents a major milestone. It allows us to move forward, together with our American and Japanese colleagues, in this very ambitious and unique project," said ESO's Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky. "By building ALMA, we are giving European astronomers access to the world's leading submillimetre facility at the beginning of the next decade, thereby fulfilling Europe's desire to play a major role in this field of fundamental research." Pascale Sourisse, Chairman and CEO of Alcatel Alenia Space, said: "We would like to thank ESO for trusting us to take on this new challenge. We are bringing to the table not only our recognized expertise in antenna development, but also our long-standing experience in

  7. Resource Provision for Services Workloads based on (RPOA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noha El.Attar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Fulfilling the requirements of different applications and services in a real Cloud environment is extremely a big challenge. In this challenge the provision policies have to achieve the availability by allocating the appropriate resource to the customer services without any conflict in resource demands and with determining the right amount of required resources for the execution of services. According to the work in this paper, a Resource Provision Optimal Algorithm (RPOA based on Particle Swarm Optimization PSO has been introduced and implemented to find the near optimal solution of resource allocation with minimizing both time and cost.

  8. Web-Based Expert System for Civil Service Regulations: RCSES

    OpenAIRE

    Mofreh Hogo; Khaled Fouad; Fouad Mousa,

    2009-01-01

    Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations) as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulati...

  9. Mobility through Location-based Services at University

    OpenAIRE

    Martín, S.; E. Sancristobal; Gil, R; de Castro, M; Peire, J.

    2008-01-01

    Location tracking systems are becoming morerelevant in many new environments, due to the fact they thecore of context aware applications. This new concept canimprove the way universities provide services and a widenumber of companies do business. Inside university area,users location (both students, teachers and staff) gives rise toa new kind of services based on their profile and on the areain which the user is in each moment, allowing apersonalization of the offered contents. The present pa...

  10. Review of a Community-based Youth Counselling Service

    OpenAIRE

    Lalor, Kevin; O'Dwyer, Sinead; McCrann, Denis

    2006-01-01

    The structure and operation of a community-based youth counselling service operated by the Kildare Youth Services (KYS) is examined with a view to highlighting its preventative nature. Presenting problems are explored, in the context of the wider social milieu. Particularly, recent trends in sexual behaviour, substance abuse and child sexual abuse are examined. Interviews were conducted with a sample of professionals who referred clients, patients and students to the KYS Youth Counselling ...

  11. Agile Service Development: A Rule-Based Method Engineering Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppenbrouwers, S.J.B.A.; Zoet, M.; Versendaal, J.; van de Weerd, I.

    2011-01-01

    Agile software development has evolved into an increasingly mature software development approach and has been applied successfully in many software vendors’ development departments. In this position paper, we address the broader agile service development. Based on method engineering principles we define a framework that conceptualizes an operational way of working for the development of services, emphatically taking into account agility. As a first level of agility, the framework contains sit...

  12. Privacy through Uncertainty in Location-Based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Merrill, Shawn; Başalp, Nilgün; Basalp, Nilgun; Biskup, Joachim; Buchmann, Erik; Clifton, Chris; Kuijpers, Bart; OTHMAN, Walied; SAVAŞ, Erkay; Savas, Erkay

    2013-01-01

    Location-Based Services (LBS) are becoming more prevalent. While there are many benefits, there are also real privacy risks. People are unwilling to give up the benefits - but can we reduce privacy risks without giving up on LBS entirely? This paper explores the possibility of introducing uncertainty into location information when using an LBS, so as to reduce privacy risk while maintaining good quality of service. This paper also explores the current uses of uncertainty information in a s...

  13. LBLS: A Locality Bounded Hashing-Based Location Service

    OpenAIRE

    Ruonan Rao; Shuyin Liang; Jinyuan You

    2010-01-01

    Geographic-based routing allows routing in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) yet avoiding the overhead for maintaining the topology changes in MANETs. A critical challenge in geographic routing protocols is the design of a scalable distributed location services that tracks the locations of mobile nodes in MANETs. Although a number of location services have been proposed, in typical works, the performance is not satisfactory when it comes to locality problem, which introduce high overhead in upd...

  14. A Generic Framework for Location-Based Services (LBS) Provisioning

    OpenAIRE

    Ioannis Priggouris; Dimitrios Spanoudakis; Manos Spanoudakis; Stathes Hadjiefthymiades

    2006-01-01

    Location Based Services can be considered as one of the most rapidly expanding fields of the mobile communications sector, with an impressively large application range. The proliferation of mobile/wireless Internet and mobile computing, and the constantly increasing use of handheld, mobile devices and position tracking technologies prepared the grounds for the introduction of this new type of services. The combination of position fixing mechanisms with location-dependent, geographical informa...

  15. Contracts in distributed systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  16. Web-Based Expert System for Civil Service Regulations: RCSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mofreh Hogo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulations of the civil service system. The different phases of developing the RCSES system are presented, as knowledge acquiring and selection, ontology and knowledge representations using XML format. XML-Rule-based knowledge sources and the inference mechanisms were implemented using ASP.net technique. An interactive tool for entering the ontology and knowledge base, and the inferencing was built. It gives the ability to use, modify, update, and extend the existing knowledge base in an easy way. The knowledge was validated by experts in the domain of civil service regulations, and the proposed RCSES was tested, verified, and validated by different technical users and the developers’ staff. The RCSES system is compared with other related web based expert systems, that comparison proved the goodness, usability, and high performance of RCSES.Keywords- Knowledge base; Ontology; RCSES; and Civil regulation;

  17. Innovation from the ICT-based service encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders

    2012-01-01

    The pupose of the paper is to develop a framework for analyzing the dynamics of innovations emanating from the ICT-based service encounters. Many innovations are based on the direct encounter between employees and customers, and the paper aims to extend the analysis of such encounters to ICT...

  18. A Different Web-Based Geocoding Service Using Fuzzy Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahlavani, P.; Abbaspour, R. A.; Zare Zadiny, A.

    2015-12-01

    Geocoding - the process of finding position based on descriptive data such as address or postal code - is considered as one of the most commonly used spatial analyses. Many online map providers such as Google Maps, Bing Maps and Yahoo Maps present geocoding as one of their basic capabilities. Despite the diversity of geocoding services, users usually face some limitations when they use available online geocoding services. In existing geocoding services, proximity and nearness concept is not modelled appropriately as well as these services search address only by address matching based on descriptive data. In addition there are also some limitations in display searching results. Resolving these limitations can enhance efficiency of the existing geocoding services. This paper proposes the idea of integrating fuzzy technique with geocoding process to resolve these limitations. In order to implement the proposed method, a web-based system is designed. In proposed method, nearness to places is defined by fuzzy membership functions and multiple fuzzy distance maps are created. Then these fuzzy distance maps are integrated using fuzzy overlay technique for obtain the results. Proposed methods provides different capabilities for users such as ability to search multi-part addresses, searching places based on their location, non-point representation of results as well as displaying search results based on their priority.

  19. A Novel Testing Model for SOA based Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture filled the gap between software and commercial enterprise. SOA integrates multiple web services. We bear to secure the caliber of web services that gives guarantee about what network services work and their output results. There is close to work has to be performed for an automatic test case generation for SOA based services. But, full coverage of XML elements is missing. To the best of our knowledge this all works do not attempt to cover all possible elements of the XML schema presents in the WSDL file. There is also a need to apply different assertions on each service operation for generating the test cases. To overcome this problem we proposed a novel testing model for SOA based application. This new testing model helps us to get the automatic test cases of SOA based application. We build up our new test model with the aid of our proposed test case generation algorithm and test case selection algorithm. In the end, we generate the test suite execution results and find the coverage of XML schema elements present in the WSDL file.

  20. Integración vertical y contratación externa en los servicios generales de los hospitales españoles Vertical integration and contracting-out in generic hospital services in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Puig-Junoy

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Este estudio analiza los factores que influyen en las decisiones de integración vertical/contratación externa de cuatro servicios generales (limpieza, lavandería, alimentación y seguridad y mantenimiento en los hospitales españoles (3.160 transacciones que corresponden a 790 hospitales. Métodos: Se presenta la estimación empírica de un modelo logístico de maximización de la utilidad de los hospitales, en el que intervienen no sólo factores relacionados con los costes de transacción, sino también otros relacionados con la intervención pública y la dimensión política. Resultados: El 55,7% de los hospitales contrata al menos uno de los servicios generales analizados. El servicio de limpieza es el que presenta un mayor grado de contratación externa (45,1%, seguido del servicio de seguridad y mantenimiento (32,5%. En cambio, el servicio de lavandería es el que presenta un mayor grado de integración vertical (94,3% junto con el de alimentación (80,1%. La dimensión del hospital (economías de escala, medida a través del número de camas, es una de las variables que influyen de forma importante la decisión de integración vertical o contratación externa de los servicios de limpieza, alimentación y mantenimiento y seguridad. Conclusiones: Las economías de escala contribuyen a una mayor integración vertical, mientras que la especialización y el carácter lucrativo favorecen la decisión de contratación externa. El servicio de lavandería tiene un comportamiento diferenciado de los demás, mostrando efectos que indican la posible presencia de activos específicos.Objectives: This study examines the factors that influence make or buy decisions corresponding to four generic services (housekeeping, laundry, food services, and maintenance and security in Spanish hospitals (3,160 transactions in 790 hospitals. Methods: The empirical estimation of a logistic model based on hospital utility maximization is presented

  1. Linear-contract Mechanisms Based on the Risk Preference of an Agent in a Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With respect to different risk preference of an agent in a supply chain, linear-contract models are designed according to the principal-agent theory. The study shows that the risk preference of an agent directly correlates with the incentive compensation coefficient of principal, order quantity of principal and production capability level of the agent. The principal should offer an appropriate incentive contract according to the risk preference of the agent, or choose an agent holding a different risk preference to establish the supply chain.

  2. 48 CFR 237.102-70 - Prohibition on contracting for firefighting or security-guard functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 237.102-70 Prohibition on contracting for... by reason of a deployment. (b) Under Section 2907 of Public Law 103-160, this prohibition does...

  3. Integrating identity-based cryptography in IMS service authentication

    CERN Document Server

    Abid, Mohamed; Moustafa, Hassnaa; Afifi, Hossam

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a promising research field. Many ongoing works related to the security and the performances of its employment are presented to the research community. Although, the security and data privacy aspects are very important in the IMS global objectives, they observe little attention so far. Secure access to multimedia services is based on SIP and HTTP digest on top of IMS architecture. The standard deploys AKA-MD5 for the terminal authentication. The third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) provided Generic Bootstrapping Architecture (GBA) to authenticate the subscriber before accessing multimedia services over HTTP. In this paper, we propose a new IMS Service Authentication scheme using Identity Based cryptography (IBC). This new scheme will lead to better performances when there are simultaneous authentication requests using Identity-based Batch Verification. We analyzed the security of our new protocol and we presented a performance evaluation of its cryptographi...

  4. A Scalable Testing Framework for Location-Based Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Yu; Andrew Tappenden; James Miller; Michael Smith

    2009-01-01

    A novel testing framework for location based services is introduced. In particular, the paper showcases a novel architecture for such a framework. The implementation of the framework illustrates both the functionality and the feasibility of the framework proposed and the utility of the architecture. The new framework is evaluated through comparison to several other methodologies currently available for the testing of location-based applications. A case study is presented in which the testing framework was applied to a typical mobile service tracking system. It is concluded that the proposed testing framework achieves the best coverage of the entire location based service testing problem of the currently available methodologies; being equipped to test the widest array of application attributes and allowing for the automation of testing activities.

  5. Towards structural Web Services matching based on Kernel methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NAN Kai; YU Jianjun; SU Hao; GUO Shengmin; ZHANG Hui; XU Ke

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes a kernel methods based Web Services matching mechanism for Web Services discovery and integration.The matching mechanism tries to exploit the latent semantics by the structure of Web Services.In this paper,Web Services are schemed by WSDL(Web Services Description Language)as tree-structured XML documents,and their matching degree is calculated by our novel algorithm designed for loosely tree matching against the traditional methods.In order to achieve the task,we bring forward the concept of path subsequence to model WSDL documents in the vector space.Then,an advanced n-spectrum kernel function is defined,so that the similarity of two WSDL documents can be drawn by implementing the kernel function in the space.Using textual similarity and n-spectrum kernel values as features of low-level and mid-level,we build up a model to estimate the functional similarity between Web Services,whose parameters are learned by a ranking-SVM.Finally,a set of experiments were designed to verify the model,and the results showed that several metrics for the retrieval of Web Services have been improved by our approach.

  6. 对机构养老服务合同纠纷及其主体义务的探究——以机构养老服务合同纠纷为视角%Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly and Obligation of Subject---From the Perspective of Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春普; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    近年来养老服务合同纠纷日渐增多,主要分为人身类和财产类两部分。究其原因,养老机构资质欠缺、老年人及其关系人认知错误及现有法律、行政法规的缺乏,致使双方的义务不明确。合同义务有约定与法定、给付与附随之分。养老机构与入住老年人及其关系人的给付义务分别为依约提供养老服务、配备合理养老服务资源、健全个人档案和及时支付养老服务的费用。双方附随义务主要为告知与协助义务。除此之外,安全保障是养老机构特有的附随义务。%In recent years, the contract disputes of institutional service for the elderly including person and property have been increasing day by day because of the lack of qualification of elder care facility, cognitive errors of the elderly and some people related to them and the lack of laws and administrative regulations. The contract deals with negotiated and legal obligations, and benefit and collateral obligations. The benefit obligations of subjects in contract of institutional service for the elderly include provision of service in accordance with negotiation, rational deployment of resources, sound filing and timely payment. The collateral obligations of the parties concerned mainly deal with information and assistance. Besides, safeguard for security is the specific collateral obligation of elder care facility.

  7. SWSCF: A Semantic-based Web Service Composition Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianqiang Hu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Web service composition is gaining a considerable momentum as an approach to the effective integration of distributed, heterogeneous, and autonomous application. Current composed service processes are mostly generated in the syntactic level and in a manual way. The limitation of the approach is that it does not allow business to dynamic change partners and services. In order to avoid this disadvantage, it is critical to map complex business from abstract process to executable flows according to application domain semantics and dynamic business requirements. In this paper, we first present a semantic-based Web service composition framework called SWSCF based on both semantic process recommendation and semantic matchmaking. Then, we analyze some key technologies including: (1 Introducing hierarchical activity mechanism for dynamic decomposition of business requirements to find a suitable semantic process template; (2 Searching and selecting service chain to match a semantic activity template which is used to specify an abstract activity; (3 Devising heterogeneous message transforming mechanism to eliminate the incompatible message types during generating data flow of an executable process. Furthermore, by comparison with some service composition frameworks, we prove SWSCF to be more flexible and effective.

  8. Shortest Paths Based Web Service Selection in Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangdong Yin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The connecting of things to the Internet makes it possible for smart things to access all kinds of Web services. However, smart things are energy-limited, and suitable selection of Web services will consume less resources. In this paper, we study the problem of selecting some Web service from the candidate set. We formulate this selection of Web services for smart things as single-source many-target shortest path problem. We design algorithms based on the Dijkstra and breadth-first search algorithms, propose an efficient pruning algorithm for breadth-first search, and analyze their performance of number of iterations and I/O cost. Our empirical evaluation on real-life graphs shows that our pruning algorithm is more efficient than the breadth-first search algorithm.

  9. SDN-based QoS Aware Network Service Provisioning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caba, Cosmin Marius; Soler, José

    2015-01-01

    to be covered regarding the specific mechanisms used by the SDNC to enforce the QoS in the data plane devices. To this end, the current paper proposes a data plane QoS architecture, together with the invariants that have to be maintained by the SDNC in order to ensure predictable QoS for the network services......One of the applicability areas of SDN is for creating services for dynamic provisioning of network resources with strict QoS requirements. The research available in this field focuses mainly on the service logic implemented over the functionality of the SDN Controller (SDNC). However, there is much....... More specifically, the paper will look into on demand provisioning of Virtual Circuits (VCs) with specific QoS, based on the SDN paradigm. The aim is to analyze and compare the strategies for network resources management for two cases: a coarse granular and a fine granular VC provisioning service...

  10. Examining the Determinants of Mobile Location-based Services' Continuance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehrer, Christiane; Constantiou, Ioanna; Hess, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The continuance of use is an important topic of IS research. However, in the past, many researchers have focused on adoption rather than IS continuance. Studying continuance is of equal importance, because if use does not persist, this may limit the revenues of the provider. This is particularly...... true for consumer-oriented services, which rely on advertising, or subscription-based revenue models. In this paper, we investigate the determinants of location-based services (LBS) continuance as a relevant case study for the examination of IS continuance generally. A research model is developed and...

  11. TEKNOLOGI LOCATION BASED SERVICE (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM PADA PERANGKAT MOBILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Yulianto

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Article presents analysis and design of software using Location Based Service (LBS that is part of communication technology based on geographic position. The goal of the research is designing LBS application to be implemented on mobile device that has GPS (Global Positioning System technology and uses GPRS (General Packet Radio Service to connect to server for generating shortest path by Dijkstra algorithm method Fibonacci Heap. Software development method used is LBS application implemented on mobile device. Conclusion of the research has shown that shortest path generated using Dijkstra algorithm method Fibonacci Heap as single source shortest path is faster than Dijkstra algorithm and Bellman-Ford.

  12. The Nordic approach to market-based provision of ancillary services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of the markets for ancillary services, which are regulated and traded differently within and across borders in the Nordic countries. We describe the services provided and their characteristics in terms of definition, participation, contracting approach and duration, selection of offers, and dispatch criteria. Further, we assess the costs, specify the payments, and discuss cost allocation, and we conclude with a policy discussion of ancillary services in the Nordic countries

  13. The Nordic approach to market-based provision of ancillary services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents an overview of the markets for ancillary services, which are regulated and traded differently within and across borders in the Nordic countries. We describe the services provided and their characteristics in terms of definition, participation, contracting approach and duration, selection of offers, and dispatch criteria. Further, we assess the costs, specify the payments, and discuss cost allocation, and we conclude with a policy discussion of ancillary services in the Nordic countries. (author)

  14. Reducing Water Loss in Developing Countries Using Performance-Based Service Contracting

    OpenAIRE

    William D. Kingdom; Liemberger, Roland; Marin, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    A major challenge facing water utilities in the developing world is reducing water loss caused by leakage, theft, and improper billing. The difference between the amount of water put into the distribution system and that billed to consumers is known as Non-Revenue Water (NRW). The worldwide cost of NRW is conservatively estimated at $15 billion/year. More than a third of losses occur in th...

  15. A three-phase single sheet tester with digital control of flux loci based on the contraction mapping principle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tight control of flux loci in 2D testing of soft magnetic laminations is realized by a method based on the principle of contraction mapping. It is implemented through digital control of the currents supplying a three-phase yoke magnetizer and the use of circular samples. Faithful realization of the prescribed loci and good measuring accuracy are demonstrated in grain-oriented and non-oriented Fe-Si laminations

  16. The Use of Privacy Icons and Standard Contract Terms for Generating Consumer Trust and Confidence in Digital Services

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Lilian; Abel, Wiebke

    2014-01-01

    In the wake of the Snowden revelations about covert state access to consumer data stored in the cloud, consumer confidence about the handling of their personal data in the Cloud in particular, and in digital services in general, has suffered a severe blow.  This is particularly true in Europe, where in general consumers expect a higher standard of privacy protection than in the US, both by law and as a matter of cultural norms. Accordingly this report was commissioned to examine two ...

  17. Contract Farming

    OpenAIRE

    Minot, Nicholas; Ronchi, Loraine

    2014-01-01

    Contract farming involves production by farmers under agreement with buyers for their outputs. This arrangement can help integrate small-scale farmers into modern agricultural value chains, providing them with inputs, technical assistance, and assured markets. Critics contend that contract partners may subject farmers to abuses. The literature shows that in fact contract farming can raise ...

  18. CVP Service Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Federal Water Contract Service Area boundaries are incorporated boundaries of districts having contracts with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), within...

  19. Personalized Service System Based on Hybrid Filtering for Digital Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Fengrong; XING Chunxiao; DU Xiaoyong; WANG Shan

    2007-01-01

    Personalized service systems are an effective way to help users obtain recommendations for unseen items, within the enormous volume of information available based on their preferences. The most commonly used personalized service system methods are collaborative filtering, content-based filtering, and hybrid filtering. Unfortunately,each method has its drawbacks. This paper proposes a new method which unified partition-based collaborative filtering and meta-information filtering.In partition-based collaborative filtering the user-item rating matrix can be partitioned into low-dimensional dense materces using a matrixclustering algorithm. Recommendations are generated based on these low-dimensional matrices.Additionally,the very low ratings problem can be solved using meta-information filtering. The unified method is applied to a digital resource management system. The experimental results show the high efficiency and good performance of the new approach.

  20. CONTRACT BROILER FARMING

    OpenAIRE

    Todsadee Areerat; Kameyama Hiroshi; Ngamsomsuk Kamol; Yamauchi Koh-En

    2012-01-01

    In Thailand, poultry sector is the main economic growth of livestock sector, especially broiler production. The rapid expansion in broiler production has been made possible by the increase in the number of commercial farms or contract farming. The objective of this research was to understand better how contract farming works, who gets involved and why and who benefits from the agreement. The study is based on the broiler file survey in Chiang Mai province of Thailand. As the results, contract...