WorldWideScience

Sample records for based service contracts

  1. Contract-based Internet Service Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Schneider, Gerardo;

    The fast evolution of the Internet has popularized service-oriented architectures dynamic IT-supported inter-business collaborations. Yet, interoperability between different organizations, requires contracts to reduce risks. Thus, high-level models of contracts are making their way into service...

  2. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating that...

  3. A middleware for building contract-aware agent-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Confalonieri, Roberto; Álvarez Napagao, Sergio; Panagiotidi, Sofia; Vázquez Salceda, Javier; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a middleware to help designers in the implementation of contract-aware agent-based services. The middleware provides several components, including a contract manager, a communication manager and a workflow manager, which combine to allow agents to manage contracts and the actions associated with them. The middleware is built as part of a Web service implementation of the ISTCONTRACT framework. An electronic commerce example is used to illustrate how the components of...

  4. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new...... theoretical ‘contract management model' and a ‘mature contract model', and explores the mechanisms, formal rules and informal norms that influence the way governments contract for public services. This book is essential reading for all students of public management and all public service managers....

  5. Coordination mechanism of SaaS service supply chain: Based on compensation contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanli Guo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to build new contracts theories of SaaS service supply chain. Software as a Service (SaaS has become a hot topic in this industry . Compared with traditional manufacturing supply chain and general service supply chain, the new IT service supply chain which based on SaaS has characteristics of both service and IT. And SaaS is completely different from traditional software package model. Therefore the classic contracts, which be widely used in traditional manufacturing supply chain, can’t be directly applied in SaaS service supply chain. The necessary way of IT services developing is to study the SaaS service supply chain combining with characteristics of SaaS. Therefore, It focuses on the coordination of SaaS service supply chain. Design/methodology/approach: It tries to answer the following question: how do the ISV motivate SaaS operators to improve the service level through effective contracts mechanism under conditions of asymmetric information. In order to answer these questions, this paper does some researches including: Under the conditions of information asymmetry, supposing the service level (is related to the degree of effort of SaaS operator was private information, we construct model of compensation contract, i.e., to motivate SaaS operator to improve service level through transfer payments of compensation price. Findings and Originality/value: The study finds out that when ISV get to “positive feedback”, instead of the traditional market equilibrium, compensation contract (linear can coordinate satisfactorily the SaaS service supply chain. In the point of “positive feedback”, the marginal revenue equals the marginal cost, but it is not the equilibrium of ISV’profit-maximization. Research limitations/implications: There are some limitations in this research. In the linear compensation contracts, the compensation price is fixed value. If in the contract, we can create a change value

  6. Cream-skimming, parking and other intended and unintended effects of performance-based contracting in social welfare services

    OpenAIRE

    Koning, Pierre; Carolyn J. Heinrich

    2010-01-01

    We analyze the incentive effects of performance-based contracts, as well as their impacts on provider job placement rates, using unique data on Dutch cohorts of unemployed and disabled workers that were assigned to private social-welfare providers in 2002-2005. In a growing number of countries, the delivery of social-welfare services is contracted out to private providers, and increasingly so using performance-based contracts. Critics of performance-based incentive contracts stress their pote...

  7. A Three-Level Process Framework for Contract-Based Dynamic Service Outsourcing

    OpenAIRE

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2001-01-01

    Service outsourcing is the business paradigm, in which an organization has part of its business process performed by a service provider. In dynamic markets, service providers are selected on the fly during process enactment. The cooperation between the parties is specified in a dynamically made electronic contract. This contract includes a process specification that is tailored towards service matchmaking and crossorganizational process enactment and hence has to conform to specific market an...

  8. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  9. Contract Observation in Web Services Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bíba, Jiří; Hodík, Jiří; Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal

    Electronic contracting, based on explicit representation of different parties' commitments, is a promising way to specifying and regulating behaviour in distributed business applications. A key part of contract-based system is a process through which the actual behaviour of individual parties is checked for conformance with contracts set to govern such behaviour. Such checking requires that relevant information on the behaviour of the parties, both with respect to the application processes they execute and to managing their contractual relationships, is captured. The process of collecting all such information, termed contract observation, is the subject of this paper. First, we describe general properties and requirements of such an observation process; afterwards, we discuss specifics of realising contract observation in web services environments. Finally, we show how contract observation has been implemented as part of the IST-CONTRACT web services framework for contract-based systems.

  10. US Forest Service Stewardship Contracting

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the locations of activities within the Stewardship Contracting Project Boundary. Activities are implemented through stewardship...

  11. Contracting for intensive care services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorman, S

    1996-01-01

    Purchasers will increasingly expect clinical services in the NHS internal market to provide objective measures of their benefits and cost effectiveness in order to maintain or develop current funding levels. There is limited scientific evidence to demonstrate the clinical effectiveness of intensive care services in terms of mortality/morbidity. Intensive care is a high-cost service and studies of cost-effectiveness need to take account of case-mix variations, differences in admission and discharge policies, and other differences between units. Decisions over development or rationalisation of intensive care services should be based on proper outcome studies of well defined patient groups. The purchasing function itself requires development in order to support effective contracting. PMID:9873335

  12. Contracting and Procurement for Evidence-Based Interventions in Public-Sector Human Services: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willging, Cathleen E; Aarons, Gregory A; Trott, Elise M; Green, Amy E; Finn, Natalie; Ehrhart, Mark G; Hecht, Debra B

    2016-09-01

    Sustainment of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) in human services depends on the inner context of community-based organizations (CBOs) that provide services and the outer context of their broader environment. Increasingly, public officials are experimenting with contracting models from for-profit industries to procure human services. In this case study, we conducted qualitative interviews with key government and CBO stakeholders to examine implementation of the Best Value-Performance Information Procurement System to contract for EBIs in a child welfare system. Findings suggest that stakeholder relationships may be compromised when procurement disregards local knowledge, communication, collaboration, and other factors supporting EBIs and public health initiatives. PMID:26386977

  13. Analyzing Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M.-Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    Web services should be dependable, because businesses rely on them. For that purpose the Service Oriented Architecture has standardized specifications at a syntactical level. In this paper, we demonstrate how such specifications are used to derive semantic models in the form of (timed) automata...

  14. Coordinating a Service Supply Chain under Arms Offset Program’s Intervention by Performance-Based Contracting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Kuei Lin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates a support service supply chain for coordinating with a local third-party logistics provider by arms offset program’s intervention and develops a performance-based contracting framework for the coordinating problem, which remains scarce in the literatures. The performance-based contracting framework evaluates payments and profits for the support service by a game-theoretical approach with principal-agent model. We prove that the proposed framework is an effective tool in acquiring the balance between maximum profit and minimum payment for both parties in the coordinating problem without moral hazard issue. A numerical study consolidates the formulated schemes as contracting preference for both parties’ decision with a higher profit margin at a lower customer’s payment.

  15. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  16. Compositionality and Compatibility of Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2007-01-01

    has arisen to have a detailed contract specification and of course verification for these service contracts in order to ensure a more reliable and dependable application. Two different web services from two different platforms or from two different organizations should be able to inter-operate based......, heterogeneous, autonomous and open in nature. In this way, enterprises can mix and match services to perform business transactions with less programming effort. In recent times, Service Oriented Architecture is being employed in developing service based applications. While this is a welcome idea by a versed...... majority of developers and vendors in the software industry, a lot of issues are yet to be resolved. For instance, collaboration presumes a minimum level of mutual trust and where ever trust is not considered sufficient, contracts become the alternative mechanism to reduce risks. Therefore, the possibility...

  17. Optimal Cost Avoidance Investment and Pricing Strategies for Performance-Based Post-Production Service Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    David Nowicki; Jose Ramirez-Marquez; Wesley Randall; Ilona Murynets

    2011-01-01

    Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program) Performance-based contracting (PBC) is altering the fundamental relationship between buyers and suppliers engaged in the support of capital-intensive systems such as high-speed rail, defense, and power generation. This relationship is shifting from a traditional transactional-based (return on sales) business approach to a collaborative, performance-based (return on investment) multi-year contractual model. With PBC, the supplier is com...

  18. Consistency Checking of Web Service Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cambronero, M. Emilia; Okika, Joseph C.; Ravn, Anders Peter

    2008-01-01

    Behavioural properties are analyzed for web service contracts formulated in Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) and Choreography Description Language (CDL). The key result reported is an automated technique to check consistency between protocol aspects of the contracts. The contracts...

  19. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The inventory includes service contract... at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html . From this page... inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY 2010. The...

  20. 77 FR 5280 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25... of Division C of the FY 2010 Consolidated Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117, the NRC is... service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY 2011. The inventory contains the...

  1. 77 FR 37907 - Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Information Collection... the link ``Submit a Comment'' that corresponds with ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service..., company name (if any), and ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service Contracting'' on your...

  2. Swiss Contracting: Forum for energy services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swiss Contracting organisation is presented. The aims of the organisation - the promotion of contracting solutions for energy supply and energy saving installations - are described and the chances and risks in connection with the opening of the electricity market considered. The necessity for increased information and training both for customers and the heating installation trade is emphasised and the services provided by Swiss Contracting are described. Switzerland's potential for the contracting of energy services is discussed

  3. A Three-Level Process Framework for Contract-Based Dynamic Service Outsourcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Angelov, S.A.

    2001-01-01

    Service outsourcing is the business paradigm, in which an organization has part of its business process performed by a service provider. In dynamic markets, service providers are selected on the fly during process enactment. The cooperation between the parties is specified in a dynamically made elec

  4. 78 FR 10642 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25...-0029. Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301-492- 3668; email: Carol...-415- 4737, or by email to pdr.resource@nrc.gov . The ADAMS accession number for each...

  5. Contracting for Public Services : Output-based Aid and Its Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Penelope J. Brook; Smith, Suzanne M

    2001-01-01

    Access to good, reliable public services is critical for the poor in developing countries if they are to rise out of poverty. Safe water and sanitation, modern energy and communications, good-quality basic education and health services--all contribute directly to individual well-being, and all improve economic opportunities for low-income households. The primary challenge now is to ensure ...

  6. Managerial challenges in public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Bogetoft, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast to preva......-national sample of 15 cases of contracting-out in urban green-space management.......In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast to......, themes and questions for research in public service contracting. We identify and exemplify the framework by combining insights from different theoretical perspectives with empirical evidence through an iterative process. The evidence is educed as a set of observed and self-reported stories in a cross...

  7. Quality and public transport service contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Gatta, Valerio; Marcucci, Edoardo

    2007-01-01

    Public authorities and transport operators are both involved in the provision of public transport services. There is a contrast between the social goals of the former and the private ones of the latter. Regulation plays an important role especially failing competition. Service contracts are the natural method to set bilateral After a brief description of the most important regulatory procedures, we focus our attention on the quality framework in service contracts. In recent years the inclusio...

  8. The economics of energy service contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy service contracting can provide a cost-effective route to overcoming barriers to energy efficiency. Energy service contracts allow the client to reduce operating costs, transfer risk and concentrate attention on core activities. However, the energy services model may only be appropriate for a subset of energy services and energy using organisations. A challenge for both business strategy and public policy is to identify those situations in which energy service contracting is most likely to be appropriate and the conditions under which it is most likely to succeed. Energy service contracting is a form of outsourcing. It will only be chosen where the expected reduction in the production cost of supplying energy services can more than offset the transaction cost of negotiating and managing the relationship with the energy service provider. Production costs will be determined by a combination of the physical characteristics of the energy system and the technical efficiency of the relevant organisational arrangements, including economies of scale and specialisation. Transaction costs, in turn, will be determined by the complexity of the energy service, the 'specificity' of the investments made by the contractor, the competitiveness of the energy services market and the relevant legal, financial and regulatory rules. This paper develops these ideas into a general framework that may be used to assess the feasibility of energy service contracting in different circumstances. The framework leads to a number of hypotheses that are suitable for empirical test

  9. Contracting out of clinical services in Zimbabwe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPake, B; Hongoro, C

    1995-07-01

    Contracting is increasingly recommended to developing countries as a way of improving the efficiency of the health sector. However, empirical evidence regarding its effectiveness in this respect is almost completely absent. In Zimbabwe, a long standing contract exists between the Ministry of Health and Wankie Colliery to provide clinical services in the Colliery's 400 bed hospital. This paper details a study of the Zimbabweans' experience with the contract. Its success is assessed using comparisons with a neighbouring government hospital of the price of services (vs the cost in the government hospital); the situation of hospital workers; and the quality of services delivered. The Colliery has established a monopoly position for hospital services in the district. However, it appears to offer services of at least as good quality at prices which are lower than the unit costs of the government hospital when capital costs are included. Nevertheless, the contract cannot be considered a success due to the failure to contain its total cost. Approximately 70% of provincial non-salary recurrent expenditure is consumed by the contract while only a minority of the province's population have access to the Colliery hospital. Screening patients, both with respect to their ability to pay and to their need for secondary level services does not take place with the result that utilization levels are not controlled. The study highlights a number of important issues affecting contracting in developing country setting: First, contracted institutions attain powerful bargaining positions if there are no viable competitors and the government does not itself retain capacity to offer an alternative service. Second, specific skills are needed for the management of contracts at all levels. If the process of contract development responds to a crisis driven agenda resulting from civil service retrenchment and public expenditure cuts, it is unlikely that adequate consideration will be given to

  10. A Decision Model For Contracting Helpdesk Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meg Murray

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Contractual helpdesk services, also known as call center outsourcing is a growing industry.  Helpdesk solutions, which offer customer service to consumers who have an issue, problem or concern, are an integral part of many organizations’ wider service function.  For smaller companies, outsourcing helpdesk services is becoming more and more popular given the technical expertise and high investment costs required to develop, implement and maintain the infrastructure needed to support these servicesContracting for helpdesk services helps to alleviate smaller companies from concerns with technical issues, retaining employees dedicated to continuous research on the value proposition of emerging products or services, and in some cases, the need for hiring additional staff.  While the basic principles for negotiating an outsourcing contract apply, this paper explores the special considerations pertinent to contracting helpdesk services. These include determining an optimal solution by mapping business requirements to specific call center resource options, determining the optimal call routing structure given budgetary considerations and understanding technical problems associated with the call center environment and developing a satisficing plan to address problems should they occur.  As the technologies, including telecommunications and call routing options, that form the basis of helpdesk services evolve, so does the importance of helpdesk services as they move from cost centers to profit generating ventures.  

  11. 77 FR 13508 - Certainty of Terms of Service Contracts and NVOCC Service Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ...The Federal Maritime Commission amends its rules regarding certainty of terms of service contracts and non-vessel-operating common carrier service arrangements. The rule provides common carriers and shippers with certainty and flexibility by facilitating their use of long-term contracts that adjust based upon an index reflecting changes in market...

  12. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.

  13. Allocating outsourced warranty service contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Opp; I. Adan; V.G. Kulkarni; J.M. Swaminathan

    2009-01-01

    Motivated by our interactions with a leading manufacturer of computers, in this paper we consider static allocation as applied to the problem of minimizing the costs of outsourcing warranty services to repair vendors. Under static allocation, a manufacturer assigns each item to one of several contra

  14. Using contracts to manage services : A study of contracts in public transport

    OpenAIRE

    Camén, Carolina

    2011-01-01

    Contracts play a key role in many business to business relationships. Service organisations are no exception. Despite a growing interest of services and how services are managed, research on how to use contracts to manage services has been surprisingly sparse in service research. The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to a deeper understanding of using contracts to manage services in business-to-business relationships. Contract theories together with concepts from service research ar...

  15. 78 FR 13710 - Analysis of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Enterprise IT Helpdesk Support Services; and R704 Agency Audit Services. R407--The contract representing R407... in the amount of $1,588,851. This contract provides Enterprise IT Helpdesk Support Services for...

  16. 29 CFR 4.121 - Contracts for individual services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts for individual services. 4.121 Section 4.121 Labor...Namara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions § 4.121 Contracts for individual services. The Act... direct services to a Federal agency by an individual or individuals.” This exemption, which applies...

  17. 48 CFR 2937.602 - Elements of performance-based contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... listed in FAR 37.102.) Generally, when contract performance risk under a PBC specification can be shifted... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS SERVICE CONTRACTING Preference for Performance-Based Contracting (PBC) 2937.602 Elements of performance-based contracting. (a) Performance-based contracting is defined in...

  18. Maintaining Roads : The Argentine Experience with Output-Based Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Liautaud, Gerard

    2001-01-01

    The Argentine government is using output-based contracts with the private sector for rehabilitation and maintenance of its nonconcessioned road network. The multiyear lump sum contracts, funded by the government, specify required road service outputs and use incentive-based payment schedules to ensure the quality of the work. After three years of operation the 60 contracts (averaging US$10...

  19. 76 FR 22070 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ..., and 52 RIN 9000-AM06 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements AGENCY..., to submit information annually in support of agency-level inventories for service contracts. DATES...) already requires DoD to develop an annual service contract inventory. House Report 111-366 notes,...

  20. 29 CFR 4.120 - Contracts for public utility services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Contracts for public utility services. 4.120 Section 4.120... McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act Specific Exclusions § 4.120 Contracts for public utility... utility services, including electric light and power, water, steam, and gas.” This exemption is...

  1. 78 FR 17205 - Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Notice of Availability of Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: Federal Maritime Commission. ACTION: Notice of availability of service contract inventories. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen V. Gregory... notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis,...

  2. 48 CFR 217.171 - Multiyear contracts for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... instructor skills (e.g., training for pilots and aircrew members or foreign language training). (iv) Base... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Multiyear contracts for services. 217.171 Section 217.171 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  3. 77 FR 12336 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY.... L. 111-117), the Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management is publishing this notice to advise.... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed...

  4. Governance variety in the energy service contracting market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostertag, Katrin; Huelsmann, Friederike

    2008-07-01

    There is a surprisingly high variety of actors involved in the supply of energy service contracting arrangements. Based on an empirical record of approximately 2,500 contracting projects in the domain of space heating in Germany, the paper analyses specialisation patterns of contractors. An econometric model is used to test hypotheses derived from transaction cost economics, which contractor type should be expected for which kind of contracting project. According to our results, if physical, site and human asset specificity are high, governance modes are preferred, for which contracting represents a downward integration of business activities along the value-added chain. This includes the supply of contracting by municipal utilities. More specifically, municipal utilities occur as superior suppliers of contracting if combined heat and power is implemented, if the building served is connected to their gas grid and if it is a public building. This pattern could orient the development of contracting activities for utilities reconsidering their strategic position following the liberalisation of the electricity market. (orig.)

  5. Decision support in contract formation for commercial electronic services with international connection

    OpenAIRE

    Waldburger, Martin; Stiller, Burkhard

    2012-01-01

    This section addresses the automated and legally compliant determination of key contract parameters for commercially and internationally provided electronic services in the Internet. It designs and implements a decision support system that provides recommendations on suited contract parameters at the time of contract formation. Recommendations base on automated reasoning taking into consideration the relevant set of service- and contract-specific facts. The range of facts to be considered is ...

  6. 77 FR 63805 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Service Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; Service Contracting AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD), General Services.... Select the link ``Submit a Comment'' that corresponds with ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service..., company name (if any), and ``Information Collection 9000-0152, Service Contracting'' on your...

  7. 75 FR 13381 - Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... (Executive Order 13495). 74 FR 6103. This Order establishes that, when a service contract expires and a... Executive Order or law of the United States. ] Section 2 of Executive Order 13495 defines service contract... similar work at the same location. 74 FR 6104-05. Specifically, the new contract clause provides that...

  8. Contracts for Cooperation between Web Service Programmers and HTML Designers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böttger, Henning; Møller, Anders; Schwartzbach, Michael I.

    2006-01-01

    Interactive Web services consist of a mixture of HTML fragments and program code. The fragments, which are maintained by designers, are combined to form HTML pages that are shown to the clients. The code, which is maintained by programmers, is executed on the server to handle the business logic....... Current Web service frameworks provide little help in separating these constituents, which complicates cooperation between programmers and HTML designers. We propose a system based on XML templates and formalized contracts allowing a flexible separation of concerns. The contracts act as interfaces between...... the programmers and the HTML designers and permit tool support for statically checking that both parties fulfill their obligations. This ensures that (1) programmers and HTML designers work more independently focusing on their own expertises, (2) the Web service implementation is better structured and thus easier...

  9. Issues in bidding for contracts for occupational therapy services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harms, S; Law, M

    2001-06-01

    There is an increasing number of occupational therapists in Canada who are involved in bidding for contracts to deliver occupational therapy services. Occupational therapists working in an institutional or community-based setting may not have had the responsibility of developing a proposal or a marketing plan for bidding purposes. However, the responsibility of developing a bid to compete for a service delivery contract often rests on occupational therapists who are sole practitioners in a private practice setting. The purpose of this paper is to highlight issues in the literature such as service delivery plans, marketing strategies and costing of services that can assist the occupational therapist in the development of a contractual bid. A specific clinical example, school therapy services, has been used to illustrate how these strategies can be applied to practice. Success in contractual bids appears to be primarily influenced by cost of the service, the expertise of the service provider, ability to provide coordinated care, ease of access for clients, and inclusion of methods to measure client outcome. PMID:11433914

  10. Influential Factors in Long-term Product Service System Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Hosseini Taklimi, Seyed Reza

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation presents different aspects of long-term contract for product service system (PSS); also different issues that companies are dealt for implementation of PSS. The study consists of literature review for understanding factors which can affect long-term PSS contracts. Different generic categories of green business models which are used in PSS contracts have been addressed and in addition, various models of contracts for PSS in industries have been identified too. The important f...

  11. Applying commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Verrastro, Paul J.

    1996-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the application of commercial practices to Navy husbanding services contracts. It examines the general background and framework for the use of husbanding agents within the Department of the Navy and explores the pre-award and post-award issues associated with these husbanding services contracts. Husbanding services are the logistical support services that a ship requires when it pulls into a port. NA U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author

  12. Contract-oriented software development for internet services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giambiagi, Pablo; Owe, Olaf; Ravn, Anders Peter;

    2008-01-01

    COSoDIS (Contract-Oriented Software Development for Internet Services) develops novel approaches to implement and reason about contracts in service oriented architectures (SOA). The rationale is that system developers benefit from abstraction mechanisms to work with these architectures. Therefore...

  13. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of... services contracts exceeding $25,000 that were awarded by the agency in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The... Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117, and with a Memorandum from the Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  14. Build-operate-transfer Outsourcing Contracts in Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2013-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely used in the engineering and construction industry and has recently spread into the service industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets, India in particular, are now offering BOT outsourcing contracts in which...... the client firms are allotted call options, i.e. the right, but not the obligation, to transfer pre-specified assets from the service provider. As such, BOT outsourcing contracts seems to be an interesting contractual novelty that combines the advantages of outsourced and captive offshoring operations....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. Whether BOT outsourcing contracts are boon or bane to an emerging market vendor basically hinges...

  15. SERVICE HANDBOOK FOR THE DESKTOP SUPPORT CONTRACT WIH IT DIVISION

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    A Desktop Support Contract has been running since January 1999 to offer help to all users at CERN with problems that occur with their desktop computers. The contract is run conjointly by the Swedish Company WM-data and the Swiss company DCS.The contract is comprised of the Computing Helpdesk, a General Service for all parts of CERN and also Local Service for those divisions and groups that want faster response times and additional help with their specific computer environment.In order to describe what services are being offered, and also to give a better understanding of the structure of the contract, a Service Handbook has been created. The intended audience for the Service Handbook is everyone that is using the contract, i.e. users, managers and also the service staff inside the contract. In the handbook you will find what help you can get from the contract, how to get in touch with the contract, and also what response times you can expect. Since the computer environment at CERN is a never-changing entity, ...

  16. Case Studies for Contract-based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal; Chábera, Jiří; Miles, Simon; Luck, Michael; Oren, Nir; Kollingbaum, Martin; Holt, Camden; Vazquez, Javier; Storms, Patrick; Dehn, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Of the ways in which agent behaviour can be regulated in a multi-agent system, electronic contracting - based on explicit representation of different parties' responsibilities, and the agreement of all parties to them - has significant potential for modern industrial applications. Based on this assumption, the CONTRACT project aims to develop and apply electronic contracting and contract-based monitoring and verification techniques in real world applications. This paper presents results from ...

  17. 78 FR 10174 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract... Appropriations Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability...

  18. Bonneville Purchasing Instructions. Appendix 14A, Contracting Officer`s Technical Representatives` Guide for Services Contracts.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-07-01

    This guide outlines the duties of BPA personnel designated as Contracting Officers Technical Representatives (COTRs). The BPA Administrator gives contracting officers (COs) in BPA responsibility and authority for awarding and administering contracts. COs are authorized to designate other BPA employees to act as their representatives for purposes of contract administration, from the time of contract award until final receipt and acceptance of the contracted services. COTRs are the individuals primarily relied upon to perform technical contract administration functions. Similar functions for supply and construction contracts are performed by engineering representatives, construction inspectors, and inspectors. Although this Guide is written primarily with the COTR in mind, the concept and operation of teamwork is essential throughout the entire process of contract administration. The CO administers the contract during performance, but rarely has expertise in all of the relevant technical areas. Therefore, CO decisions rely on input from a team. The COTR is an indispensable member of that team. The instructions in this Guide are designed to facilitate this essential CO-COTR cooperation. COTR duties are usually additional to those required of the COTR in his or her assigned line organization. The COTR is still accountable to the line supervisor for performance of regularly-assigned duties. These duties are to be reflected appropriately in performance appraisals and job descriptions. For contract administration duties, however, the COTR reports directly to, and is accountable only to, the CO. The COTR`s supervisor must allow sufficient time to ensure that the COTR can adequately monitor the contract for technical compliance. This Guide is designed for COTRs who are performing service contract (including intergovernmental contract) administration functions as an adjunct to their normal technical duties.

  19. 7 CFR 1724.31 - Engineering services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... RUS financed electric system facilities. (a) RUS contract forms for engineering services shall be used... Service Contract—Electric System Design and Construction, shall be used for all distribution, transmission..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND...

  20. 7 CFR 1724.21 - Architectural services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ELECTRIC ENGINEERING, ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES AND DESIGN POLICIES AND PROCEDURES... the architect furnishes or obtains all architectural services related to the design and construction... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Architectural services contracts. 1724.21...

  1. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents, May 2009 (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-01

    Enabling Documents, delivered by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to provide materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs).

  2. The Relationship Between Population Size and Contracting Out Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Søren Kjær

    2015-01-01

    /contracting out relationship. Results show that the relationship differs across policy sectors: It is negative for services with high fixed costs, presumably due to scale economies, and is positive for services that are difficult to measure, probably due to more administrative and technical capacity in larger...

  3. 38 CFR 1.917 - Contracting for collection services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Treasury for debt collection. See 31 U.S.C. 3711(g), 31 CFR 285.12(e), and 38 CFR 1.910. (d) VA may enter... appropriations; (2) VA may also fund a collection service contract on a contingent-fee basis (i.e., by including...) VA may enter into contracts for debtor asset and income search reports. In accordance with 31...

  4. 78 FR 11685 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency... of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance is...

  5. A Liquid work-life under public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    for staff, however, are only poorly understood in current theory and research on public service contracting through partial concepts and a tendency to focus merely on negative outcomes. Against this shortfall, the aim in this paper is to build a conceptually and empirically richer and more authentic account...... – of both positive and negative kinds. Especially, public service contracting can be seen as a mechanism for inclusion and exclusion as well as transformation and development. However, by comparing the two cases it can be concluded that higher degrees of liquefaction results in more negative outcomes...

  6. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; 10.4204/EPTCS.38.8

    2010-01-01

    We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  7. Primitives for Contract-based Synchronization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available We investigate how contracts can be used to regulate the interaction between processes. To do that, we study a variant of the concurrent constraints calculus presented in [1], featuring primitives for multi-party synchronization via contracts. We proceed in two directions. First, we exploit our primitives to model some contract-based interactions. Then, we discuss how several models for concurrency can be expressed through our primitives. In particular, we encode the pi-calculus and graph rewriting.

  8. Implementing a Rule-Based Contract Compliance Checker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strano, Massimo; Molina-Jimenez, Carlos; Shrivastava, Santosh

    The paper describes the design and implementation of an independent, third party contract monitoring service called Contract Compliance Checker (CCC). The CCC is provided with the specification of the contract in force, and is capable of observing and logging the relevant business-to-business (B2B) interaction events, in order to determine whether the actions of the business partners are consistent with the contract. A contract specification language called EROP (for Events, Rights, Obligations and Prohibitions) for the CCC has been developed based on business rules, that provides constructs to specify what rights, obligation and prohibitions become active and inactive after the occurrence of events related to the execution of business operations. The system has been designed to work with B2B industry standards such as ebXML and RosettaNet.

  9. 48 CFR 637.104 - Personal services contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Personal services contracts. 637.104 Section 637.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE SPECIAL.... The Office of the Legal Adviser is the DOS legal counsel for the purposes of FAR 37.104(e)....

  10. 76 FR 5375 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy; General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice... Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), GSA is publishing this notice to advise the...

  11. 77 FR 5253 - Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of General Services Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy (MV); General Services Administration (GSA). ACTION: Notice of public... Act Public Law 111-117, GSA is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of...

  12. 基于服务的合同网络计算机生成兵力协同机制的研究与应用%Collaborative mechanism for computer generated force based on service and contract network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宦婧; 周伟祝; 孙媛; 鲁华杰

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at heterogeneous features of Computer Generate Force ( CGF) simulation system, this thesis established a CGF collaborative model based on Web sendees, which embedded Web services into the CGF main body, published the CGF main functions as Web services, and call the service to resolve the heterogeneous CGF' s collaboration. Combined with the combat role to establish the service-based collaborative model within operation organization, based on the combination of the original contract network task allocation algorithm, the thesis established a common Web services based contract network CGF collaboration model, thus optimizing the CGF collaboration problem in heterogeneous dynamic environments. Finally, together with anti-submarine helicopters searching submarine as the background, the collaborative process and some applications were described.%针对计算机生成兵力(CGF)仿真系统普遍存在的异质特性,建立了一种基于服务的CGF协同模型,提出了将Web服务嵌入到CGF主体中,将CGF主体功能发布为Web服务,通过服务调用解决异构CGF之间协同问题,并结合作战角色建立了基于服务的作战组织内部协同模型;在此基础上结合原有的合同网络任务分配算法,建立了基于Web服务的通用合同网络CGF协同模型,从而优化了异质动态环境下的CGF协同问题.最后以反潜直升机协同搜潜为背景,对协同流程和部分应用实现进行了说明.

  13. Energy service contracts in regional engineering center for small and medium businesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil'manshin, I. R.; Kashapov, N. F.

    2014-12-01

    The analysis of the energy service contracts development in Russia is given in the article. The role of the Complex learning centres in the field of energy efficiency in the promotion of energy service contracts is described. The reasons of constraining the development of energy service contracts are described.

  14. 76 FR 6499 - Public Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... Availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated... notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2010 Service Contract inventory. This...

  15. 77 FR 50121 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes National Indian... Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes on the National Indian Health Outreach and Education... national Indian organization plans to demonstrate improved health education and outreach services to...

  16. 77 FR 50128 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian... Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes on the National Indian Health Outreach and Education... national Indian organization plans to demonstrate improved health education and outreach services to...

  17. 31 CFR 538.406 - Exportation of services; performance of service contracts; legal services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... property interests of the Government of Sudan; or (3) In support of an industrial, commercial, public... contract negotiations, contract performance, commercial arbitration, or other business dealings with...

  18. Revenue-Sharing Contract Models for Logistics Service Supply Chains with Mass Customization Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihua Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The revenue-sharing contract is one of the most important supply chain coordination contracts; it has been applied in various supply chains. However, studies related to service supply chains with mass customization (MC are lacking. Considering the equity of benefit distribution between the members of service supply chains, in this paper, we designed two revenue-sharing contracts. The first contract for the maximum equity of a single logistics service integrator (LSI and single functional logistics service provider (FLSP in a two-echelon logistics service supply chain was designed by introducing the fair entropy function (“one to one” model. Furthermore, the method is extended to a more complex supply chain, which consists of a single LSI and multiple FLSPs. A new contract was designed not only for considering the equity of an LSI and each FLSP but also for the equity between each FLSP (“one to N” model. The “one to one” model in three-echelon LSSC is also provided. The result exemplifies that, whether in the “one to one” model or “one to N” model, there exists a best interval of customized level when the revenue-sharing coefficient reaches its maximum.

  19. A Comparative Study of the Fiscal Arrangements of Petroleum Service Contracts in Iraq and Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Jafar Ghanbari Jahromi; Mojtaba Asgharian

    2015-01-01

    Petroleum upstream service contracts possess different aspects of legal, contractual, fiscal, economic, technical, technological and environmental nature. In this research, efforts have been made to review one of the aspects of the petroleum upstream contracts which have been far too little considered by the domestic legal community, namely the fiscal system of upstream service contracts. Since every service contract avails of its own independent fiscal system, we tried, using the analytic an...

  20. THE IMPACT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT ON RELATIONSHIP QUALITY IN FINANCIAL SERVICES MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Pepur

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical arguments of the psychological contracts arise from the social exchange theory. According to this theory, all the parties involved in any type of relationships want to build a relationship based on mutual respect and fairness. The main goal of this paper is to explore the influence that psychological contracts have on the quality of the business-to-business relationship in the financial services market. The research conducted in this paper continued the pioneer work of Kingshott and Pecotich (2007 and by extending their conceptual model it provided the theoretical and practical insights specific to the business-to-business market. In the empirical part of the paper, the relationship between hotels and financial institutions in the Republic of Croatia is tested using the canonical correlation analysis. The results of the analysis confirm that the psychological contracts have an influence on the relationship quality between the partners in the financial services market.

  1. 76 FR 10628 - International Product Change-International Business Reply Service Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE International Product Change--International Business Reply Service Contract AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 to the Competitive Products List pursuant to 39...

  2. 77 FR 8818 - Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory... contract inventory for fiscal year (``FY'') 2011. This inventory provides information on service contract..., MD 20814. Telephone: 301-504-7009; email dhutton@cpsc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On December...

  3. 78 FR 33392 - Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of Consumer Product Safety Commission FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory... contract inventory for fiscal year (FY) 2012. This inventory provides information on service contract..., MD 20814. Telephone: 301-504-7009; email: dhutton@cpsc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On...

  4. Capability Coordination in Agricultural Products Logistics Service Supply Chain with Revenue-sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meiling He

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available To solve the capability coordination in logistics service based on the agricultural products industry, a two-stage agricultural products Logistics Service Supply Chain (LSSC was established with one agricultural products logistics service integrator and one functional logistics service provider. Based on the non-storage property of logistics service capability, the revenue-sharing contract model was built under the uncertain demand. The optimal logistics capability order quantity and the revenue-sharing coefficient were calculated when the agricultural products LSSC achieved coordination. Revenue-sharing contract can coordinate the agricultural products LSSC effectively compared with no contract. A numerical simulation was taken by MATLAB 7.0. The change of purchase price has no influence on the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of agricultural products LSSC. It achieves a redistribution of members’ profits. With the increases of penalty cost, the optimal logistics capability order quantity and the expected profit of provider increase, while the expected profit of integrator and agricultural products LSSC decrease.

  5. 31 CFR 585.416 - Exportation of services; performance of service contracts; legal services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) In support of an industrial or other commercial or governmental project in the FRY (S&M). (c) Example..., represent an individual or entity with respect to contract negotiations, contract performance,...

  6. 78 FR 52538 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian Health Outreach and Education Funding Opportunity Announcement Type: New Limited Competition. Funding... National Indian Health Outreach and Education (NIHOE) III funding opportunity that includes outreach...

  7. 75 FR 57906 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... appraisals and make recommendations to the Director, DCAA, regarding final performance ratings and... INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra L. Burrell, Chief, Human Resources Management Division, Defense Contract Audit... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  8. Challenges of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the National Health Service (NHS) in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addicott, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    For many years there has been a separation between purchasing and provision of services in the English National Health Service (NHS). Many studies report that this commissioning function has been weak: purchasers have had little impact or power in negotiations with large acute providers, and have had limited strategic control over the delivery of care. Nevertheless, commissioning has become increasingly embedded in the NHS structure since the arrival of Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in 2012. Recently, some of these CCGs have focused on how they can contract and commission in different ways to stimulate greater collaboration across providers. This paper examines experiences of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the English NHS, based on a series of national-level interviews and case studies of five health economies that are implementing novel contracting models. The cases illustrated here demonstrate early experiments to drive innovation through contracting in the NHS that have largely relied on the vision of individual teams or leaders, in combination with external legal, procurement and actuarial support. It is unlikely that this approach will be sustainable or replicable across the country or internationally, despite the best intentions of commissioners. Designing and operating novel contractual approaches will require considerable determination, alongside advanced skills in procurement, contract management and commissioning. The cost of developing new contractual approaches is high, and as the process is difficult and resource-intensive, it is likely that dedicated teams or programs will be required to drive significant improvement.

  9. Challenges of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the National Health Service (NHS) in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addicott, Rachael

    2016-01-01

    For many years there has been a separation between purchasing and provision of services in the English National Health Service (NHS). Many studies report that this commissioning function has been weak: purchasers have had little impact or power in negotiations with large acute providers, and have had limited strategic control over the delivery of care. Nevertheless, commissioning has become increasingly embedded in the NHS structure since the arrival of Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in 2012. Recently, some of these CCGs have focused on how they can contract and commission in different ways to stimulate greater collaboration across providers. This paper examines experiences of commissioning and contracting for integrated care in the English NHS, based on a series of national-level interviews and case studies of five health economies that are implementing novel contracting models. The cases illustrated here demonstrate early experiments to drive innovation through contracting in the NHS that have largely relied on the vision of individual teams or leaders, in combination with external legal, procurement and actuarial support. It is unlikely that this approach will be sustainable or replicable across the country or internationally, despite the best intentions of commissioners. Designing and operating novel contractual approaches will require considerable determination, alongside advanced skills in procurement, contract management and commissioning. The cost of developing new contractual approaches is high, and as the process is difficult and resource-intensive, it is likely that dedicated teams or programs will be required to drive significant improvement. PMID:26328512

  10. Cost Modelling Techniques for Availability Type Service Support Contracts: a Literature Review and Empirical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Datta, Partha Priya

    2009-01-01

    The research in this paper is focused on enhancing existing knowledge in cost estimation models at the bidding stage of service support contracts. The difficulty of this task lies in the long lasting contracts, which in some cases may reach even 40 years. The paper first reports the existing knowledge through detailed review of literature. The paper studies different service support contracts and reports the cost modelling techniques used in availability type contracts in the cont...

  11. The UK market for energy service contracts in 2014–2015

    OpenAIRE

    Nolden, Colin; Sorrell, Steven

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the UK market for energy service contracts in 2014 and highlights the growing role of intermediaries. Using information from secondary literature and interviews, it identifies the businesses offering energy service contracts, the sectors and organisations that are purchasing those contracts, the types of contract that are available, the areas of market growth and the reasons for that growth. The paper finds that the UK market is relatively large, highly dive...

  12. Web Services Security Architectures Composition and Contract Design using RBAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Shravani

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Oriented Architecture’s Web Services authorization traditionally is done using common access control models like Role-Based Access Control. In thinking of a composite application that stitches together the capabilities of multiple services, any action in the composite app should ideally check the access control rules of all constituent services before initiating an action. The WebServices Access controls are categorized according to access control granularity and have two approaches: The first approach supports a negotiation-based attribute-based access control to Web Services with fine access granularity. The second approach is tailored to access control for conversation-based Web services and composite services;where in a Web Service is not considered as a set of independent operations and therefore access control must take such dependencies into account. During a Web Services invocation, a client interacts with the service, performing a sequence of operations in a particular order called conversation. In this paper, we want to propose strategies for analyzing and managing Role Based Access Control policies for designing Security Architectures for web services. Wevalidate role-based access control with a case study, where in access decisions are based on the roles that individual users have as part of an organization. Users take on assigned roles. The process of defining roles should be based on a thorough analysis of how an organization operates and should include input from a wide spectrum of users in an organization. Access rights are grouped by role name, and the use of resources is restricted to individuals authorized toassume the associated role. For example, within a hospital system the role of doctor can include operations to perform diagnosis, prescribe medication, and order laboratory tests; and the role of researcher can be limited to gathering anonymous clinical information for studies. The use of roles to control access

  13. 基于不完全契约理论视角的外包服务商的管理%Based on Incomplete Contract Theory Perspective of Business Management Outsourcing Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨维芝

    2011-01-01

    Corporate and outseureing service providers in outsourcing contracts signed after completion, this would require the effective management of outseurcing relationships, appropriate supervision and incentives to guard against opportunistic behavior of service providers an effective way. Through the use of incomplete contract theory of incomplete contractual outsonreing analysis, revealed that incomplete contract of service outseureing to the impact of that business and outseureing service providers to establish a formal outsourcing contract basis , the contract for the complementary relationship between the incentives and the use of sound risk prevention mechanism for service providers to monitor service providers.%企业在与外包服务商签订完外包合同之后,需要对这种外包关系进行有效的管理,恰当的监督与激励是防范服务商机会主义行为的有效途径。通过运用不完全契约理论对服务外包不完全契约性的分析,揭示了这种不完全契约性给服务外包带来的影响,认为企业与外包服务商要建立起一种以正式的外包合同为基础,关系合同为补充的激励机制,并运用完善的服务商风险防范机制对服务商进行监督。

  14. Expanding the understanding of motivation in the theory of public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian

    The understanding of what drives efficient performance is only partial in the standard theory of public service contracting where performance essentially is explained as dependent on extrinsic incentives. In this paper I claim that intrinsic motivations and the dynamics between intrinsic motivati......The understanding of what drives efficient performance is only partial in the standard theory of public service contracting where performance essentially is explained as dependent on extrinsic incentives. In this paper I claim that intrinsic motivations and the dynamics between intrinsic...... motivations and extrinsic incentives also have a role for explaining performance. This role is not limited to shifts from the public to the private service sector, as suggested by current supplements to standard theory, but it is also extended to play a part in on-going and recurrent contractual relationships...... with private service providers. In order to address my claim, I provide an embedded case study based on qualitative data of motivations and motivational dynamics within a set of external contractual relations managed through a performance management scheme by a public contracting agency. I find...

  15. 75 FR 10272 - Notice Regarding 340B Drug Pricing Program-Contract Pharmacy Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... see 61 FR 65406 (December 12, 1996). As indicated in this guidance, covered entities and contract... Section 602 of the Veterans Health Care Act of 1992; Contract Pharmacy Services,'' (61 FR 43549) and any... potential for civil or criminal penalties if the contract pharmacy violates Federal or State law....

  16. Professionalization Contracts for Small Municipal Water Service Providers in India

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrhardt, David; Mugabi, Josses; Kingdom, William

    2015-01-01

    Professionalization contracts are a new concept. The aim of these contracts is to enlist the support of specialized private firms in turning public water utilities into competent professional operators. This report looks at how the business model for such contracts may work. This report builds on fieldwork and consultation in India. The model described in this report reflects two weeks of ...

  17. 78 FR 45533 - Data on Service Contracts Included in Record of Inmate Calling Service Rates Proceeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ...In this document, the Wireline Competition Bureau (Bureau) notifies the public that certain publicly-available inmate calling services (ICS) contracts may be considered as part of the record in this proceeding. On June 6, 2013, the Bureau submitted a letter into the record noting that certain readily-available information may be relevant to a number of issues raised in this proceeding and may......

  18. 78 FR 46985 - Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian Health Outreach and Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Direct Service and Contracting Tribes; National Indian... as part of the Annual National U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Tribal Budget and Policy... I. Funding Opportunity Description Statutory Authority The Indian Health Service (IHS) is...

  19. Towards a contract-based interoperation model

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Peña, Félix Oscar; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2007-01-01

    Web Services-based solutions for interoperating processes are considered to be one of the most promising technologies for achieving truly interoperable functioning in open environments. In the last three years, the specification in particular of agreements between resource / service providers and consumers, as well as protocols for their negotiation have been proposed as a possible solution for managing the resulting computing systems. In this report, the state of the art in the area of contr...

  20. Subcontracting in electronics : from contract manufacturers to providers of electronic manufacturing services (EMS)

    OpenAIRE

    Liemt, Gijsbert van

    2007-01-01

    Discusses how the top contract manufacturers in the electronics industry try to become providers of electronic manufacturing services by deepening and broadening the rage of services that they offer and by diversifying into markets other than computing and telecommunications.

  1. 76 FR 40937 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service...

  2. 76 FR 26296 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service...

  3. 77 FR 1689 - Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY Public Availability of Federal Labor Relations Authority FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Federal Labor Relations Authority. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service...

  4. 77 FR 5062 - Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD Public Availability of National Labor Relations Board's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Labor Relations Board. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2011 Service...

  5. 76 FR 59664 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... Service (SES) performance appraisals and make recommendations to the Director, DCAA, regarding final... this notice. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra L. Burrell, Chief, Human Resources Management... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  6. Does contracting of health care in Afghanistan work? Public and service-users' perceptions and experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cockcroft Anne

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In rebuilding devastated health services, the government of Afghanistan has provided access to basic services mainly by contracting with non-government organisations (NGOs, and more recently the Strengthening Mechanism (SM of contracting with Provincial Health Offices. Community-based information about the public's views and experience of health services is scarce. Methods Field teams visited households in a stratified random sample of 30 communities in two districts in Kabul province, with health services mainly provided either by an NGO or through the SM and administered a questionnaire about household views, use, and experience of health services, including payments for services and corruption. They later discussed the findings with separate community focus groups of men and women. We calculated weighted frequencies of views and experience of services and multivariate analysis examined the related factors. Results The survey covered 3283 households including 2845 recent health service users. Some 42% of households in the SM district and 57% in the NGO district rated available health services as good. Some 63% of households in the SM district (adjacent to Kabul and 93% in the NGO district ordinarily used government health facilities. Service users rated private facilities more positively than government facilities. Government service users were more satisfied in urban facilities, if the household head was not educated, if they had enough food in the last week, and if they waited less than 30 minutes. Many households were unwilling to comment on corruption in health services; 15% in the SM district and 26% in the NGO district reported having been asked for an unofficial payment. Despite a policy of free services, one in seven users paid for treatment in government facilities, and three in four paid for medicine outside the facilities. Focus groups confirmed people knew payments were unofficial; they were afraid to talk about

  7. Constraints and Benefits of Child Welfare Contracts with Behavioral Health Providers: Conditions that Shape Service Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunger, Alicia C; Cao, Yiwen; Girth, Amanda M; Hoffman, Jill; Robertson, Hillary A

    2016-09-01

    This qualitative study examines worker perceptions of how public child welfare agencies' purchase of service contracts with private behavioral health organizations can both facilitate and constrain referral making and children's access to services. Five, 90-min focus groups were conducted with workers (n = 50) from an urban public child welfare agency in the Midwest. Using a modified grounded theory approach, findings suggest that contracts may expedite service linkages, but contract benefits are conditioned upon design and implementation. Results also suggest the critical role of front line workers in carrying out contractual relationships. Implications for research and interventions for enhancing contracting are discussed. PMID:26427998

  8. Contracting strategy based on Markov Process modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S.; Durfee, E.H. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31

    One of the fundamental activities in multiagent systems is the exchange of tasks among agents. In particular, we are interested in contracts among self-interested agents, where a contractor desires to find a contractee that will perform the task for the lowest payment, and a contractee wants to perform tasks that maximize its profit (payment received less the cost of doing the task). Multiple, concurrent contracts take place such that a contract may be retracted because of other contracts.

  9. The Effectiveness of Performance Contracting in Service Delivery in Public Universities in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Esiokhunjila Nganyi; Josphat Mulama Shigogodi; Alice Owano

    2014-01-01

    The concept of performance contracting was mooted by the government of Kenya for effective and efficient achievement of set targets in the public service. All public institutions are expected to set performance targets and indicators for their achievement. The introduction of performance contracting in public universities is an effort to institute a framework of accountability and enhance service delivery in Kenya. Though difficult and challenging to implement, performance contracting leads t...

  10. 29 CFR 4.6 - Labor standards clauses for Federal service contracts exceeding $2,500.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... increases, to service employees engaged in work on the contract, and a copy of the collective bargaining... provided in § 4.11 of 29 CFR part 4, that the collective bargaining agreement applicable to service... to be employed under the contract (i.e., the work to be performed is not performed by...

  11. 78 FR 26657 - Proposed Extension of the Labor Standards for Federal Service Contracts Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Wage and Hour Division RIN 1235-0007 Proposed Extension of the Labor Standards for Federal Service Contracts... enforced by the Wage and Hour Division. A. Vacation Benefit Seniority List Service Contract Act section...

  12. 75 FR 14095 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ...; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals, Part 1--Charter AGENCY: Defense Acquisition... Charter of the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (ASBCA), dated May 14, 2007. The ASBCA is... of records and to such other instruments as the Board may determine. 11. This revised charter...

  13. 78 FR 52457 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ...; Appendix A, Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals, Part 1--Charter CFR Correction 0 In Title 48 of the..., in Appendix A to Chapter 2, add two lines to the list immediately preceding Part 1-- Charter to read as follows: Appendix A to Chapter 2--Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals * * * * *...

  14. 78 FR 21919 - Public Availability of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Commodity Futures... this notice to advise the public of the availability of CFTC's Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract... Procurement Policy (OFPP), and the revised guidance issued on November 8, 2011. The November 5, 2010,...

  15. Choosing Whether to Buy or Make : The Contracting Out of Employment Reintegration Services by Dutch Municipalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plantinga, Mirjam; de Ridder, Ko; Corra, Alex

    2011-01-01

    The Western welfare states are under reform. An important part of these reforms is the introduction of market type mechanisms for the deliverance of public services. Over the years, many countries have chosen to contract out employment reintegration services. The underlying notion of contracting out

  16. 17 CFR 256.01-4 - Construction or service contracts, and centralized procurement accounting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... contracts, and centralized procurement accounting. 256.01-4 Section 256.01-4 Commodity and Securities... COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-4 Construction or service contracts, and centralized procurement accounting. (a)...

  17. 76 FR 4408 - Service Contract Inventory and Corresponding Point of Contact Information Per Section 703 of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Service Contract Inventory and Corresponding Point of Contact Information Per Section 703 of... Administration. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: We are providing the Web site address (URL) for the Service Contract... Consolidated Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dennis Wilhite,...

  18. 78 FR 977 - Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Department of Transportation. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories..., Public Law 111-117, Department of Transportation is publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  19. Delegation of Contracting in the Private Provision of Public Services

    OpenAIRE

    Elisabetta Iossa

    2005-01-01

    We use an incomplete-contract approach to compare contracting out by a public sector agency with the delegation of contracting out to a public-private partnership (PPP) that is a joint venture between private and sector agents. The PPP maximizes a linear combination of profit and social benefit. Such delegation may be desirable to curb innovations that reduce the cost of provision but also reduce social benefit. Delegation may be undesirable for innovations that increase social benefit but al...

  20. Contracting private sector providers for public sector health services in Jalisco, Mexico: perspectives of system actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Luz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Contracting out health services is a strategy that many health systems in the developing world are following, despite the lack of decisive evidence that this is the best way to improve quality, increase efficiency and expand coverage. A large body of literature has appeared in recent years focusing on the results of several contracting strategies, but very few papers have addressed aspects of the managerial process and how this can affect results. Case description This paper describes and analyses the perceptions and opinions of managers and workers about the benefits and challenges of the contracting model that has been in place for almost 10 years in the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Both qualitative and quantitative information was collected. An open-ended questionnaire was used to obtain information from a group of managers, while information provided by a self-selected group of workers was collected via a closed-ended questionnaire. The analysis contrasted the information obtained from each source. Discussion and Evaluation Findings show that perceptions of managers and workers vary for most of the items studied. For managers the model has been a success, as it has allowed for expansion of coverage based on a cost-effective strategy, while for workers the model also possesses positive elements but fails to provide fair labour relationships, which negatively affects their performance. Conclusion Perspectives of the two main groups of actors in Jalisco's contracting model are important in the design and adjustment of an adequate contracting model that includes managerial elements to give incentives to worker performance, a key element necessary to achieve the model's ultimate objectives. Lessons learnt from this study could be relevant for the experience of contracting models in other developing countries.

  1. Strategies for contracting gas storage and hub services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The many efficiencies that can be gained by the natural gas industry in effectively using storage, were demonstrated. The circumstances under which the natural gas industry uses storage and how Market Centres or Hub Services can be strategically used in offering companies the highest flexibility in a tough marketplace, were explained. For example, in North America, storage played an important role during the winter of 95/96, which will be remembered for its extreme cold. That year provided the first true opportunity to test the natural gas delivery system since deregulation in 1985. The fact that natural gas supplies continued to be delivered throughout the entire winter was attributed to the use of stored gas held in reserves to meet the severe demand. The companies that did well, relied on storage and also on the services offered by Hub Services which increased margins for all players in the natural gas industry. Using storage, companies can ensure that field deliveries of gas are kept constant by having storage facilities absorb the swings in market demand. The companies that learn to use storage effectively can create competitive edges over their competition and provide more value to their customers. The three main categories of hub services were also described. These are parking (interruptible storage), gas loans (stored gas can be offered to customers on a term basis for low daily rates), and title exchange (the transfer of gas between buyer and seller). The strategic use of parking, loaned gas, title exchange, direct connections, and InterHub Services can provide customers even greater benefits than are provided by storage-based services. 6 figs

  2. Contract-Based Cooperative Spectrum Sharing

    CERN Document Server

    Duan, Lingjie; Huang, Jianwei

    2011-01-01

    Providing proper economic incentives is essential for the success of dynamic spectrum sharing. Cooperative spectrum sharing is one effective way to achieve this goal. In cooperative spectrum sharing, secondary users (SUs) relay traffics for primary users (PUs), in exchange for dedicated transmission time for the SUs' own communication needs. In this paper, we study the cooperative spectrum sharing under incomplete information, where SUs' types (capturing their heterogeneity in relay channel gains and evaluations of power consumptions) are private information and not known by PUs. Inspired by the contract theory, we model the network as a labor market. The single PU is the employer who offers a contract to the SUs. The contract consists of a set of contract items representing combinations of spectrum accessing time (i.e., reward) and relaying power (i.e., contribution). The SUs are employees, and each of them selects the best contract item to maximize his payoff. We study the optimal contract design for both w...

  3. Web-based Altimeter Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, P. S.; Wilson, B. D.; Xing, Z.; Raskin, R. G.

    2010-12-01

    We have developed a web-based system to allow updating and subsetting of TOPEX data. The Altimeter Service will be operated by PODAAC along with their other provision of oceanographic data. The Service could be easily expanded to other mission data. An Altimeter Service is crucial to the improvement and expanded use of altimeter data. A service is necessary for altimetry because the result of most interest - sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) - is composed of several components that are updated individually and irregularly by specialized experts. This makes it difficult for projects to provide the most up-to-date products. Some components are the subject of ongoing research, so the ability for investigators to make products for comparison or sharing is important. The service will allow investigators/producers to get their component models or processing into widespread use much more quickly. For coastal altimetry, the ability to subset the data to the area of interest and insert specialized models (e.g., tides) or data processing results is crucial. A key part of the Altimeter Service is having data producers provide updated or local models and data. In order for this to succeed, producers need to register their products with the Altimeter Service and to provide the product in a form consistent with the service update methods. We will describe the capabilities of the web service and the methods for providing new components. Currently the Service is providing TOPEX GDRs with Retracking (RGDRs) in netCDF format that has been coordinated with Jason data. Users can add new orbits, tide models, gridded geophysical fields such as mean sea surface, and along-track corrections as they become available and are installed by PODAAC. The updated fields are inserted into the netCDF files while the previous values are retained for comparison. The Service will also generate SSH and SSHA. In addition, the Service showcases a feature that plots any variable from files in netCDF. The

  4. Contract for service to produce 50 tonnes sterifeed - lesson learned from semi-commercial scale test production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A contract for service has been awarded to a local company to produce 50 tonnes Sterifeed in a period of 4 months commencing 3 September 2001. The production was for supplying enough feed for the testing of Sterifeed on cattle. Appointed contractor was required to manage the production, supply labours and provide transport for the full production operation of the plant. The production performance is discussed based on: the labour cost; supervision and control; and skill and training. This report discusses and evaluate the suitability of service for contract for the future commercial scale production. (Author)

  5. Differential Game Analyses of Logistics Service Supply Chain Coordination by Cost Sharing Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haifeng Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cooperation of all the members in a supply chain plays an important role in logistics service. The service integrator can encourage cooperation from service suppliers by sharing their cost during the service, which we assume can increase the sales by accumulating the reputation of the supply chain. A differential game model is established with the logistics service supply chain that consists of one service integrator and one supplier. And we derive the optimal solutions of the Nash equilibrium without cost sharing contract and the Stackelberg equilibrium with the integrator as the leader who partially shares the cost of the efforts of the supplier. The results make the benefits of the cost sharing contract in increasing the profits of both players as well as the whole supply chain explicit, which means that the cost sharing contract is an effective coordination mechanism in the long-term relationship of the members in a logistics service supply chain.

  6. A case study of Magnavox as a model for Process Oriented Contract Administration Services (PROCAS) implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Dollase, Steve.

    1995-01-01

    This thesis examines the implementation of the Process Oriented Contract Administration Services (PROCAS) program at Magnavox Electronic Systems Company in Fort Wayne, Indiana, one of the seven pilot sites for the program. PROCAS is a Defense Contract Management Command (DCMC) initiative designed to apply the tools of total quality management, including cross-functional teaming, continuous process improvement, and empowerment, to the contract administration process. PROCAS supports DCMC's per...

  7. 78 FR 13869 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ... that DOE completed in FY 2012. The information is organized by function to show how contracted... guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement...: http://energy.gov/management/downloads/service-contract-inventory . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  8. 78 FR 20089 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Office of Procurement and Property Management Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: Office of Procurement and Property Management, Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture... $25,000. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are...

  9. 48 CFR 728.313 - Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses for insurance of transportation or transportation-related services. 728.313 Section 728.313 Federal Acquisition...) USAID is required by law to include language in all its direct contracts and subcontracts ensuring...

  10. 75 FR 82066 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  11. 76 FR 73674 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  12. 76 FR 60527 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February 22, 1982, a... Bureau of Reclamation Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water- Related Contract... Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43...

  13. E-procurement in Contracting-out of Public Goods and Services: Evidence from Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svidroňová Mária Murray

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently growing attention has been paid to the issue of public-sector innovation: scholars have progressively developed a fully-fledged field of study in this direction, since remarkable differences exist between public and private organizations. Perhaps paradoxically, the decline of NPM itself from the 1990s onwards has paved the way to further developments of this field of study, surpassing the existent model through the exploration of innovative tools for stakeholders’ involvement in public decision-making. New Public Management reforms of public administration combined with the use of information and communication technologies have brought many innovations to the public sector, among others also public e-procurement. Our objective is to identify the driver and barriers of e-procurement use in contracting-out of public goods and services based on analysis in one selected region and its four municipalities in Slovakia. This study uses a qualitative and quantitative approach and is based on original data from our own research, including data collected within the LIPSE (Learning from Innovation in Public Sector Environments research project. The main findings of our analysis are that the use of public e-procurement is an innovative tool for contracting out the public services and as such facilitates modern public-administration reforms based on information and communication technologies.

  14. To tender, re-negotiate or partner: Strategies for contracting service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contracting of oilfield service companies by petroleum exploration and production operating companies is different than the contracting of civil engineering, construction or other project-oriented contractors. The relationship between operating companies and oilfield service companies has had a long and unique history which has evolved since the first oil wells were drilled over a century ago. The process of contracting service companies by operating companies for petroleum exploration and production work can be split into three distinct stages: (1) decide what it is that should be contracted out and what should be kept in house; (2) determine the method to use to select the contractor(s) to perform the work; and (3) agree to the contractual structure to best reflect the relationship the operating company and the service company with to initiate and maintain. As there are ongoing changes to the business structures and corporate thinking of both operating and service companies, there are also evolving changes to what are considered core businesses and the methods of selecting and contracting service companies by operating companies. Operating companies are recognizing the high costs of tendering for contractor services in terms of personnel time and administrative effort, and are relying more on negotiating and rolling-over existing contracts with their suitable, capable contractors. Partnering, in its many forms and levels, is increasingly being recognized as a useful method to get better work done at cheaper overall costs

  15. An event-based model for contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziana Cimoli

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a basic model for contracts. Our model extends event structures with a new relation, which faithfully captures the circular dependencies among contract clauses. We establish whether an agreement exists which respects all the contracts at hand (i.e. all the dependencies can be resolved, and we detect the obligations of each participant. The main technical contribution is a correspondence between our model and a fragment of the contract logic PCL. More precisely, we show that the reachable events are exactly those which correspond to provable atoms in the logic. Despite of this strong correspondence, our model improves previous work on PCL by exhibiting a finer-grained notion of culpability, which takes into account the legitimate orderings of events.

  16. 78 FR 11646 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  17. 77 FR 7139 - Public Availability of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board; FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... guidance issued on December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal... service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by...

  18. 77 FR 14522 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  19. 77 FR 5519 - Public Availability of the Federal Communications Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-03

    ... information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized... guidance issued by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)...

  20. 76 FR 30716 - Public Availability of the Federal Communications Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized... been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management...

  1. 76 FR 5589 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and...

  2. 78 FR 77450 - Public Availability of Federal Election Commission, Procurement Division FY2013 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 that was made in FY2013. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and...

  3. 42 CFR 136.22 - Establishment of contract health service delivery areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the United States as appropriate for inclusion or exclusion from a contract health service delivery... reservation of the area whose inclusion or exclusion is being considered; and (4) The level of funding...

  4. 76 FR 11246 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY...

  5. 78 FR 10611 - Service Contract Inventory for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    .../servicecontractinventory.html . A service contract inventory is a tool for assisting an agency in better understanding how.../news/fedregister . To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at this...

  6. 76 FR 5567 - Service Contract Inventory for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    .../servicecontractinventory.html . A service contract inventory is a tool for assisting an agency in better understanding how....ed.gov/news/fedregister . To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free...

  7. The commercialisation of GP services: a survey of APMS contracts and new GP ownership

    OpenAIRE

    Heins, Elke; Pollock, A M; Price, D.

    2009-01-01

    Background Alternative provider of medical services (APMS) legislation enables private commercial firms to provide NHS primary care. There is no central monitoring of APMS adoption by primary care trusts (PCTs), the new providers, or market competition. Aim The aims were to: examine APMS contract data on bidders and providers, patient numbers, contract value, duration, and services; present a typology of primary care providers; establish the extent of competition; and identify which commercia...

  8. 78 FR 14091 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by......

  9. 77 FR 6563 - Public Availability of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ...In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2011 Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by......

  10. Atomic Electronic Contract Protocol Based on Convertible Signature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yi-chun; WANG Li-na; ZHANG Huan-guo

    2005-01-01

    A new class of atomicity, namely contract atomicity is presented. A new technical strategy based on convertible signature and two-phase commitment is proposed for implementing atomicity of electronic contract protocol. A new atomic contract signing protocol is given out by using ElGamal-like convertible undeniable signature and commitment of conversion key, and another new atomic contract signing protocol is brought forward by using RSA-based convertible undeniable signature scheme and commitment of conversion key.These two new protocols are proved to be of atomicity, fairness, privacy, non-repudiation.

  11. REST based service composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grönvall, Erik; Ingstrup, Mads; Pløger, Morten;

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an ongoing work developing and testing a Service Composition framework based upon the REST architecture named SECREST. A minimalistic approach have been favored instead of a creating a complete infrastructure. One focus has been on the system's interaction model. Indeed, an ai...

  12. Cream-Skimming, Parking and Other Intended and Unintended Effects of High-Powered, Performance-Based Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koning, Pierre; Heinrich, Carolyn J.

    2013-01-01

    As performance-based contracting in social welfare services continues to expand, concerns about potential unintended effects are also growing. We analyze the incentive effects of high-powered, performance-based contracts and their implications for program outcomes using panel data on Dutch cohorts of unemployed and disabled workers that were…

  13. The Use of Performance Contracts for Delivery of Social Services in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria P. Aristigueta

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Devolution and the New Public Management has increased the privatization of government service and enhanced the role for the nonprofit sector in the United States. Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. This paper outlines the findings of a two year study which took place at the University of Delaware between September 2005 and April 2007, entitled The Forward Together Project. Ad hoc implementation of performance contracts are found in the state; some as a result of federal mandates, others as championed by leadership. Ingredients desirable for successful performance contracts are explored in this paper. Although the research cannot conclusively attribute performance contract to more effective and efficient service delivery, it does provide evidence of expanded use of performance contracts and the potential for improved accountability and service delivery relationship between state government and nonprofits.In part as a result of the New Public Management, government organizations are devolving their responsibilities for services. This includes from the national government to states to local governments, as well as from government to non-profit and for profit organizations. The phenomenon of increasingly privatized government services and its implication for an enhanced role for the nonprofit sector in the United States is well-documented throughout much of the public administration literature.Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. Yet, despite their increasing popularity, many questions about this emerging trend have remained largely unanswered. A team of researchers(1 from the University of Delaware has been involved in studying various aspects of the relationship in the contractual arrangement between state government, human service agencies and non-profit organizations.This paper will focus on the performance contract

  14. 48 CFR 3052.209-76 - Prohibition on Federal Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... or business ethics and that an award would be consistent with the mission of FPS. The business... longer calls into question the individual or business concern's integrity or business ethics and that an... Protective Service guard services contracts with business concerns owned, controlled, or operated by...

  15. Cost savings from performance-based maintenance contracting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straub, A.

    2009-01-01

    New procurement approaches combined with performance-based building approaches should reduce costs, but empirical qualitative and quantitative studies are lacking. Performance-based maintenance contracts give maintenance suppliers incentives to improve their way of working. Innovative, cost-effectiv

  16. 76 FR 5614 - Public Availability of Department of Labor FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management, Labor. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 service... on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to... in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and...

  17. 78 FR 12357 - Public Availability of Department of Labor FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... information on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function... developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and...

  18. 78 FR 6168 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), we are publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  19. 77 FR 3836 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), we are publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  20. No Magic Solution: An examination of the arguments in favour of contracting out government services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joey O'Brien

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper examines the arguments commonly used to support contracting out service delivery to the private sector and attempts to demonstrate that these arguments overestimate the benefits of contracting out.  First, the economic savings attributed to contracting out service delivery are considered and shown to omit important supplementary costs associated with the contracting process. Next empirical evidence is used to test the common argument that private sector service delivery is always superior to that of the public sector. Finally, the assertion that contracting out service delivery will lead to innovative solutions to government’s problems is explored. The paper attempts to demonstrate that internal reforms of government structures should be considered as a strong alternative option to contracting out.   

  1. Defining and Measuring the Success of Service Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Frank D.; Newton, James M.; D'Amato, Salvatore A.

    2012-01-01

    MBA Professional Report Approved for public release, distribution unlimited Services acquisition in the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has continued to increase in scope and dollars in the past decade. The DoD has spent more on services than on supplies, equipment and goods together, totaling approximately 57% of total acquisition expenditures and nearly a third of the total DoD budget. As a result, the agency must give greater attention to the management of services acquisition. Stak...

  2. Contracting For Public Transit Services: Evaluating the Tradeoffs

    OpenAIRE

    Frick, Karen Trapenberg; Taylor, Brian; Wachs, Martin

    2008-01-01

    When considering public transit, travelers typically judge whether it serves desired destinations in a timely manner and at a reasonable cost – often in comparison to traveling by private vehicle. How public transit agencies choose to operate their services – their networks, service frequency, and fare structures – to compete with private vehicles and provide mobility for those without them is the subject of this synthesis. Specifically, we examine the "make" or "buy" decision in public trans...

  3. Can Government Contract Positions Improve the Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China’s civil service has long been de- scribed as the"iron rice bowl,"meaning the place where employment is guaranteed for life.But as with all things in the coun- try,little escapes change.Wenzhou City in eastern Zhejiang Province recently updated the conventional image of the civil service by launching an initiative to introduce con- tracted technical employees into the system to supplement the government’s shortage of

  4. Extended warranties, maintenance service and lease contracts modeling and analysis for decision-making

    CERN Document Server

    Murthy, D N Prabhakar

    2014-01-01

    Serving to unify the existing literature on extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, this book also presents a unique perspective on the topic focussed on cost analysis and decision-making from the perspectives of the parties involved. Using a game theoretic approach together with mathematical modelling, results are presented in an integrated manner with key topics that require further research highlighted in order to serve as a starting point for researchers (engineers and statisticians) who are interested in doing further work in these areas. Designed to assist practitioners (managers, engineers, applied statisticians) who are involved with extended warranties, maintenance service contracts and lease contracts, the book provides them with the models and techniques needed for proper cost analysis and effective decision-making. The book is also suitable for use as a reference text in industrial engineering, applied statistics, operations research and management.

  5. Perceived Barriers to Utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health Services in Contracted-Out Versus Government-Managed Health Facilities in the Rural Districts of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atif Riaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background A number of developing countries have contracted out public health facilities to the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs in order to improve service utilization. However, there is a paucity of in-depth qualitative information on barriers to access services as a result of contracting from service users’ perspective. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH services, in health facilities contracted out by government to NGO for service provision versus in those which are managed by government (non-contracted. Methods A community-based qualitative exploratory study was conducted between April to September 2012 at two contracted-out and four matched non-contracted primary healthcare facilities in Thatta and Chitral, rural districts of Pakistan. Using semi-structured guide, the data were collected through thirty-six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs conducted with mothers and their spouses in the catchment areas of selected facilities. Thematic analysis was performed using NVivo version 10.0 in which themes and sub-themes emerged. Results Key barriers reported in contracted sites included physical distance, user charges and familial influences. Whereas, poor functionality of health centres was the main barrier for non-contracted sites with other issues being comparatively less salient. Decision-making patterns for participants of both catchments were largely similar. Spouses and mother-in-laws particularly influenced the decision to utilize health facilities. Conclusion Contracting out of health facility reduces supply side barriers to MNH services for the community served but distance, user charges and low awareness remain significant barriers. Contracting needs to be accompanied by measures for transportation in remote settings, oversight on user fee charges by contractor, and strong communitybased behavior change strategies.

  6. Legal Issues of A Surrogacy Contract Based on Iranian Acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Pirouz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Assistive technologies have always opened new horizons in human's life, posed solutions to problemsand brought relief and prosperity for human beings. Iranian judicial authorities have recently recognizedthe importance of medical technologies. Accordingly, Iranian legal system has recognized surrogacy anda surrogacy contract seems unavoidable for surrogacy to be legally valid, socially acceptable andreligiously legitimate. As a legal defense of including a typical surrogacy contract in contract law, thisreview studies the four building blocks of a valid contract: the intention and consent of parties, theirlegal capacity, the subject of the contract and its legitimacy. Discussing related Iranian Acts concerningcontracts and responsibilities of parties, the authors of the present article deal with main commitmentsand responsibilities of the parties to a typical surrogacy contract: infertile couples, surrogate, fertilityclinic or medical institute, and surrogate's husband. The authors conclude that a surrogacy contract isaccepted based on article 10 of Iranian Civil Act 1928, pose some suggestions to be included in such acontract, and emphasize that a specific Act concerning surrogacy should be approved to cover rights andlegal needs of all parties to a surrogacy contract.

  7. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspective with benefits and costs to either party in a process.

  8. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspectiv

  9. "Librarian for hire": contracting a librarian's services to external departments.

    OpenAIRE

    Schatz, C. A.; Whitehead, S E

    1995-01-01

    In a time of financial constraints, Harvard Medical School's Countway Library has found a way to acquire additional funding to expand its services while integrating librarians further into the medical school organization. This paper describes the contractual arrangement between the library and a medical school department and shows how a professional librarian can be integrated into the institutional environment and take on new roles that are both meaningful and satisfying. As liaison to the c...

  10. Managing wind turbine reliability and maintenance via performance-based contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Tongdan; Ding, Yi; Guo, Huairui;

    2012-01-01

    Performance-based contracting (PBC) is reshaping the acquisition, operation, and maintenance of capital equipment. Under the PBC scheme, we propose a holistic approach for lowering the cost of wind turbine ownership while meeting the availability requirement. Our effects are focused on integrated...... firms who design and market wind turbines, and also provide maintenance and repair service. PBC differs from conventional service contracts in that the wind farmers compensate the service provider for the system performance, not the spare parts and repair labor. We explore the analytical relationship...... between system cost, reliability and spare parts stocking. This analytical insight into the system performance allows the turbine manufacturer to optimize design, production, and after-sales services. The study aims to create a theoretical basis to facilitate the transition of the maintenance paradigm...

  11. WEB SERVICE BASED RELIABLE - SHELTERED MEDI HELPER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Priya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The veracity and secrecy of medical information which is transacted over the Internet is vulnerable to attack. But the transaction of such details is mandatory in order to avail the luxury of medical services anywhere, anytime. Especially in a web service enabled system for hospital management, it becomes necessary to address these security issues. It is mandatory that the services guarantee message delivery to software applications, with a chosen level of quality of service (QoS. This paper presents a VDM++ based specification for modelling a security framework for web services with non repudiation to ensure that a party in a dispute cannot repudiate, or refute the validity of a statement or contract and it is ensured that the transaction happens in a reliable manner. This model presents the procedure and technical options to have a secure communication over Internet with web services. Based on the model the Medi - Helper is developed to use the technologies of WS-Security, WS-Reliability and WS-Policy, WSRN in order to create encrypted messages so that the Patient’s medical records are not tampered with when relayed over Internet, and are sent in a reliable manner. In addition to authentication, integrity, confidentiality, as proposed in this paper security framework for healthcare based web services is equipped with non repudiation which is not inclusive in many existing frameworks.

  12. Financial Consumer Protection in the EU : Towards a Self-Sufficient European Contract Law for Consumer Financial Services?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cherednychenko, O.O.

    2014-01-01

    The rapid expansion of European contract law in the field of consumer financial services gives rise to the question to what extent it is self-sufficient. A self-sufficient European contract law presupposes the existence of an EU-made and EU-enforced contract-related legal order which is largely dist

  13. The Use of Performance Contracts for Delivery of Social Services in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Maria P. Aristigueta; Lynne R. Foote

    2009-01-01

    Devolution and the New Public Management has increased the privatization of government service and enhanced the role for the nonprofit sector in the United States. Performance contracts are viewed as a method for holding service providers accountable for outcomes. This paper outlines the findings of a two year study which took place at the University of Delaware between September 2005 and April 2007, entitled The Forward Together Project. Ad hoc implementation of performance...

  14. 77 FR 24990 - Public Availability of the Department of Labor FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-26

    ... Secretary for Administration and Management, Department of Labor. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of... provides information on service contract actions over $25,000 made in FY 2011. The information is organized... been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management...

  15. 77 FR 6584 - Public Availability of Department of Justice FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... Availability of Department of Justice FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Justice Management Division... actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2011. The information is organized by function to show how... with guidance issued on December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of...

  16. 78 FR 14298 - Public Availability of Environmental Protection Agency FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... on service contract actions over $25,000 ] that were made in FY 2012. The information is organized by... developed in accordance with guidance issued by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal... Management, Headquarters Procurement Operations Division (3803R), Business Analysis and Strategic...

  17. 76 FR 5778 - Public Availability of the Department of Agriculture FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... Procurement and Property Management, USDA. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2010 Service Contract... actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how... with guidance issued on ] November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of...

  18. 76 FR 12072 - Public Availability of Commodity Futures Trading Commission FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... information on service contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized... been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and... should be directed to Sonda R. Owens in the Office of Financial Management, Procurement at...

  19. 78 FR 18966 - Publication of Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    .... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout..., and December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy... Director, Office of Management and Administration, Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency,...

  20. 48 CFR 970.2307 - Contracting for Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Environmentally Preferable and Energy-Efficient Products and Services. 970.2307 Section 970.2307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND... Safety and Drug-Free Work Place 970.2307 Contracting for Environmentally Preferable and...

  1. 77 FR 75766 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... expected to comply with the business ethics requirements of FAR subpart 3.10 and the relevant clauses in... FR 26232 on May 3, 2012, to implement Executive Order (E.O.) 13495, Nondisplacement of Qualified Workers Under Service Contracts, dated January 30, 2009, published at 74 FR 6103 on February 4, 2009,...

  2. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    . It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...

  3. 76 FR 38179 - Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES...: 126,870. Responses per Respondent: 1.36. Total Responses: 172,500 Hours Per Response: .399 Total... ADMINISTRATION Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract...

  4. 76 FR 27274 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System 48 CFR Chapter 2 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: DoD is issuing a final rule to update the Rules...

  5. 76 FR 4322 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts Inventory Pursuant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-25

    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Missile Defense Agency Services Contracts... United States Code as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (NDAA 08... Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/SS) will make available to the...

  6. 75 FR 64710 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Department of Defense Services Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2009 Department of Defense Services Contracts... Fiscal Year 2008 (NDAA 08) section 807, the Office of the Director, Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Program Acquisition and Strategic Sourcing (DPAP/PASS) will make available to...

  7. 76 FR 6827 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautic and Space Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautic and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... Administration (NASA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of its FY 2010...

  8. 78 FR 13383 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2012... Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, PSC codes... National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of...

  9. 77 FR 7184 - Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... RECORDS ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Archives and Records Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Archives and Records Administration. ACTION: Notice of public... Administration (NARA) is publishing this notice to advise the public of the availability of its FY 2011...

  10. 77 FR 7183 - Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public... 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is publishing this...

  11. INSURANCE CONTRACTS BASED ON INDICES, A STEP TOWARDS WEATHER DERIVATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boton#537; Horia-Mircea

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the methodology of structuring an index based insurance contract. The weather has always been the biggest risk factor in agriculture, affecting all aspects of the economic sectors. In the developed countries of the world, there is a significant number of rain-dependent farmers. To gain insight into potential growth of weather markets in developed countries, we are going to analyze the case of India. In 2003, Basix microfinance company in Hyderabad and ICICI Lombard insurance company in Mumbai have launched a pilot weather insurance, which had as basic index phenomena for Mahahbubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. Further detail can be found in the full-paper. In the paper we will enumerate the appropriate steps in the determining the necessity for the use of index based insurances. The appropriate stages are making a comparison between index based insurances and traditional insurances, and optimizing the use of weather indices in insurance contracts. In order for the contracts to be successful , the recommended steps are : developing a product based in an index, and after the we need to plan and implement the contract. In planning the implementation it is needed that we: identify the risks and areas where they manifest, then identify the best distribution channels; after this we can develop a prototype of the contract. The next step would the testing of the negotiability of the contract, then the contract is opened to be finalized. After this the index based insurance contract can be introduced to the market, but the program needs monitoring in order to insure its successfulness. In order for the market and contract to grow the necessary step are: having access to the necessary meteorological data, determine the optimal way of integrating the contract in the existing economical context, technical feasibility, property rights and the legal framework. In the end, the aim is to familiarize the literacy field and

  12. KONF 15.06.2014 SENSUR OK Contract administration in an international oil service company - current practices and possible improvements

    OpenAIRE

    Espeland, Lene Nesse

    2012-01-01

    The thesis presents how an international oil service company, Halliburton, administrates their contracts. Contract administration and management is important in order to optimize the contract’s full potential. There are few articles on the field on contract administration; due to different companies have different procedures that may all work in the specific setting. An introduction to how a contract is created and regulations on public procurement are featured to give the reader a full ...

  13. Contracting but not without caution: experience with outsourcing of health services in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqi, Sameen; Masud, Tayyeb Imran; Sabri, Belgacem

    2006-11-01

    The public sector in developing countries is increasingly contracting with the non-state sector to improve access, efficiency and quality of health services. We conducted a multicountry study to assess the range of health services contracted out, the process of contracting and its influencing factors in ten countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. Our results showed that Afghanistan, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan had experience with outsourcing of primary care services; Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia extensively contracted out hospital and ambulatory care services; while Bahrain, Morocco and the Syrian Arab Republic outsourced mainly non-clinical services. The interest of the non-state sector in contracting was to secure a regular source of revenue and gain enhanced recognition and credibility. While most countries promoted contracting with the private sector, the legal and bureaucratic support in countries varied with the duration of experience with contracting. The inherent risks evident in the contracting process were reliance on donor funds, limited number of providers in rural areas, parties with vested interests gaining control over the contracting process, as well as poor monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Contracting provides the opportunity to have greater control over private providers in countries with poor regulatory capacity, and if used judiciously can improve health system performance.

  14. Contracting but not without caution: experience with outsourcing of health services in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqi, Sameen; Masud, Tayyeb Imran; Sabri, Belgacem

    2006-11-01

    The public sector in developing countries is increasingly contracting with the non-state sector to improve access, efficiency and quality of health services. We conducted a multicountry study to assess the range of health services contracted out, the process of contracting and its influencing factors in ten countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Tunisia. Our results showed that Afghanistan, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran and Pakistan had experience with outsourcing of primary care services; Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia extensively contracted out hospital and ambulatory care services; while Bahrain, Morocco and the Syrian Arab Republic outsourced mainly non-clinical services. The interest of the non-state sector in contracting was to secure a regular source of revenue and gain enhanced recognition and credibility. While most countries promoted contracting with the private sector, the legal and bureaucratic support in countries varied with the duration of experience with contracting. The inherent risks evident in the contracting process were reliance on donor funds, limited number of providers in rural areas, parties with vested interests gaining control over the contracting process, as well as poor monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Contracting provides the opportunity to have greater control over private providers in countries with poor regulatory capacity, and if used judiciously can improve health system performance. PMID:17143460

  15. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Neacșu, A.; C. Băltescu; Boșcor, D.; Ion-Dumitrescu A.; Madar, A.

    2012-01-01

    In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommen...

  16. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neacșu, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommended.

  17. Qualitative Comparison of Contraction-Based Curve Skeletonization Methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobiecki, André; Yasan, Haluk C.; Jalba, Andrei C.; Telea, Alexandru C.

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, many new methods have been proposed for extracting curve skeletons of 3D shapes, using a mesh-contraction principle. However, it is still unclear how these methods perform with respect to each other, and with respect to earlier voxel-based skeletonization methods, from the viewpoint

  18. Professionalism & Performance-based Contracting : Transparency, accountability or interference?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomkens, R.F.

    2015-01-01

    Currently, there is an intense debate on the “marketization” of health care and its consequences for the work of professionals. With the introduction of performance-based contracting, health insurers in the Netherlands are now expected to transform from passive payers to prudent and critical purchas

  19. Analysing Shared Service Contracts: The Case of Food Services for Winnipeg Hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Cyrenne, Philippe

    1999-01-01

    In November 1994, Winnipeg’s nine urban hospitals announced that they agreed to pursue opportunities to share four common support services - food services, material management, biomedical waste disposal and laundry to determine the potential for improving efficiency, reducing duplication and increasing buying power. A new non-profit organization called the Urban Shared Services Corporation (USSC)was created to manage the shared functions. Given that a majority of hospitals have chos...

  20. On the Relations between Service Guarantee and Customers′Behavior Intention based on Customers′Psychological Contract%基于顾客心理契约的服务保证与消费者行为意向关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单汨源; 邓青瑞; 张人龙

    2014-01-01

    本文采用结构方程构建了服务保证之基于消费者心理契约的中介模型,对C2 C环境下服务保证、消费者心理契约和行为意向间关系进行实证研究。结果表明:条件限制性和承诺适度性对消费者交易心理契约有显著的正向影响,条件限制性与利用便捷性对关系心理契约有显著的正向影响,承诺适度性对关系心理契约有显著的负向影响;条件限制性只能通过心理契约影响行为意向,承诺适度性只能通过交易心理契约影响交易型行为意向,但承诺适度性和利用便捷性不仅能通过关系心理契约间接影响关系型行为意向,而且能直接影响关系型行为意向。%This paper makes an empirical study on the relations among service guarantee , customers′psychological con-tract and customers′behavior intention in the C2C environment by adopting the structural equation model to build a medi-ation model of service guarantee based on consumers′psychological contract .The result shows that the restrictive condi-tions and moderate commitments have a significance positive effect on customers ′psychological agreement in a trade .The convenient utilization and restrictive conditions favorably influence their relational inner contract , but the suitable promise makes the opposite situation .It′s also found that the restrictive conditions can influence their behavior intention only by psychological contract , and the proper commitments affect their behavior intention in a trade just by transactional psycho -logical contract , but the convenient utilization and moderate commitments influence customers ′relational behavior inten-tion, both indirectly and directly .

  1. 78 FR 16523 - Public Availability of Department of the Interior FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory and FY 2011...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory and the FY... contract actions over $25,000 that the Department made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function... 19, 2011 and November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal...

  2. 16 CFR 700.11 - Written warranty, service contract, and insurance distinguished for purposes of compliance under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... form of casualty insurance. The McCarran-Ferguson Act, 15 U.S.C. 1011 et seq., precludes jurisdiction under federal law over “the business of insurance” to the extent an agreement is regulated by state law... “service contract,” but are sold and regulated under state law as contracts of insurance. One example...

  3. 77 FR 14600 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-12

    ... AFFAIRS Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract... Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-117), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is publishing this notice...

  4. Performance-based contracts for road projects comparative analysis of different types

    CERN Document Server

    Gajurel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on the aspects of contracting contracts, basically related to road construction and management contracts. The book presents an analytical study of Performance-Based Road Management and Maintenance (PMMR), Funktionsbauvertrag (FBV) (Function-Based Construction Contract) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A separate chapter is also included about the comparative study of these contract types. The book provides useful material for university libraries, construction companies and government departments of construction.

  5. A trace-based model for multi-party contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved, Tom

    , and which overcomes the limitations of existing contract languages by supporting (a) (history sensitive and conditional) commitments, (b) parametrized contract templates, (c) relative and absolute tempo- ral constraints, (d) contrary-to-duty obligations, (e) potentially infinite contracts, and (f...

  6. Service-based dominant logic

    OpenAIRE

    Neganova, Irina

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: to investigate a concept of service-based dominant logic, define it, reveal its dimensions, theoretical framework, and managerial implications. Design/methodology/approach: the topic is approached by theoretical analysis and conceptual development. Using a definition of the dominant logic as a mind set or a world view the present article suggests ‘service-based dominant logic’ as a name for a generic theoretical concept instead of the widely used ‘service-dominant logic’ whic...

  7. Audit Report on Management Controls over the Use of Service Contracts at the Office of River Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of River Protection (ORP) is responsible for the storage, treatment, and disposal of over 53 million gallons of highly radioactive waste from over 40 years of plutonium production at the Hanford Site. Because of the diversity, complexity, and large scope of its mission, coupled with its small staff, ORP told us that it has found it necessary to engage in service contracts to obtain consulting services, technical expertise, and support staff. Federal policy generally permits contractors to perform a wide range of support service activities, including, in most situations, the drafting of Government documents subject to the review and approval of Federal employees. Federal policy issued by the Office of Management and Budget, however, prohibits contractors from drafting agency responses to Congressional inquiries and reports issued by the Office of Inspector General and Government Accountability Office (GAO) because they are so closely related to the public interest and provide the appearance of private influence. To provide a majority of its needed services, ORP issued a Blanket Purchase Agreement to Project Assistance Corporation (PAC) in 2003. Through the Blanket Purchase Agreement, ORP acquired services in the areas of project management, risk assessment, program assessment, quality assurance, safety, cost and schedule estimating, budgeting and finance, and engineering. PAC has, in turn, subcontracted with various other firms to obtain some of the services needed by ORP. From 2005 to 2008, the total annual cost for the contract with PAC had grown from $4.7 million to $9.2 million. Because of the extent of the services provided and growing costs of the contract, we conducted this review to determine whether ORP appropriately administered its contract with the Project Assistance Corporation. Our review disclosed that, in some instances, ORP had not appropriately administered all work performed under the PAC contract

  8. 75 FR 5113 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation for Leasehold...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... initial LSI value under the new contract on a monthly straight-line depreciation basis, applying a 40-year... be based on straight-line depreciation and also apply a 40-year recovery period (on a monthly basis... value; (3) Less depreciation of the related capital improvement on the basis of its condition as of...

  9. 75 FR 54179 - National Park Service Concession Contracts; Implementation of Alternative Valuation Formula for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ... general called for the straight-line depreciation of LSI value on a 40-year basis. However, the... straight-line depreciation basis applying a 40-year recovery period regardless of asset class. (b) The...) constructed or installed during the term of the new contract based on straight line depreciation and...

  10. Forest owners' willingness to accept contracts for ecosystem service provision is sensitive to additionality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedel, Suzanne Elizabeth; Jacobsen, Jette Bredahl; Thorsen, Bo Jellesmark

    2015-01-01

    A key prerequisite to ensure that payment for ecosystem services is effective is that the management measures landowners are paid to undertake are in fact additional to the status quo and hence bring about a change in provision. We investigated Danish forest owners' preferences for conditional...... owners may already provide some of these, e.g., if they derive private benefits from them, in which case additionality becomes an issue. This study investigates the link between forest owners' current management and their willingness to accept (WTA) payments for providing specific ecosystem services...... by eliciting current practice prior to a choice experiment on contracts. For most of these ecosystem services, owners differentiate their WTA significantly according to their current management. Owners who did not provide extended access had a mean WTA of €14/ha/year for accepting access up to 15 m from roads...

  11. Implementation of OGC Web Map Service Based on Web Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Wenjue; CHEN Yumin; GONG Jianya

    2004-01-01

    OGC Web Map Service is one kind of OGC Portrayal Services belongs to OGC Web Service model and it provides multi-platform interoperability of spatial data set. This paper presents a method for implementing OGC Web Map Service based on Web Service technique and introduces the detailed process.

  12. Proposal for the award of a blanket purchase contract for the supply of foundry services for semiconductor technologies

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a blanket purchase contract for the supply of foundry services for semiconductor technologies. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a blanket purchase contract with IBM SWITZERLAND (CH), the lowest bidder complying with the specification, for the supply of foundry services for semiconductor technologies for a period of four years, for a total amount not exceeding 4 000 000 US dollars, not subject to revision. At the present rate of exchange, the total amount of the blanket purchase contract is equivalent to approximately 5 000 000 Swiss francs. CERN's financial contribution will not exceed 1 000 000 Swiss francs.

  13. Maintenance service contract model for heavy equipment in mining industry using principal agent theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakpahan, Eka K. A.; Iskandar, Bermawi P.

    2015-12-01

    Mining industry is characterized by a high operational revenue, and hence high availability of heavy equipment used in mining industry is a critical factor to ensure the revenue target. To maintain high avaliability of the heavy equipment, the equipment's owner hires an agent to perform maintenance action. Contract is then used to control the relationship between the two parties involved. The traditional contracts such as fixed price, cost plus or penalty based contract studied is unable to push agent's performance to exceed target, and this in turn would lead to a sub-optimal result (revenue). This research deals with designing maintenance contract compensation schemes. The scheme should induce agent to select the highest possible maintenance effort level, thereby pushing agent's performance and achieve maximum utility for both parties involved. Principal agent theory is used as a modeling approach due to its ability to simultaneously modeled owner and agent decision making process. Compensation schemes considered in this research includes fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing. The optimal decision is obtained using a numerical method. The results show that if both parties are risk neutral, then there are infinite combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing produced the same optimal solution. The combination of fixed price and cost sharing contract results in the optimal solution when the agent is risk averse, while the optimal combination of fixed price and revenue sharing contract is obtained when agent is risk averse. When both parties are risk averse, the optimal compensation scheme is a combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing.

  14. Diversification or splitting-an explanation based on Contract Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Liang-zhong; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    By inserting the variable of the exactness of corporate valuation into the classic model of Contract Theory, this paper,on the bases of the interaction of the variables of the veraciousness of corporate valuation, managerial incentives and operational risks, explores the deep-seated reasons for changes in corporate structures, and draws the conclusion that the divestment of the subsidiary is beneficial to shareholders when the parent corporate is undervalued and that the relation between the parent and the subsidiary is disordered, or vice versa. This conclusion is consistent with the motives of many divestiture cases in reality.

  15. 77 FR 22831 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2011 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  16. 76 FR 5647 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2010 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  17. 78 FR 16563 - Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-15

    ... ADMINISTRATION Public Availability of U.S. Small Business Administration FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service... Appropriations Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-117), the Small Business Administration is publishing this notice...

  18. Strategies and Lessons-Learned for the Successful Alignment of Contract Cost with the Contract Budget Base (CBB) within the First Year of Contract Award - 13154

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to provide a sound basis and foundation for integrated Project and Contract change management, it is imperative to ensure the alignment of the Negotiated Contract Costs (NCC) with the Contract Budget Base (CBB), where CBB is defined as the Performance Measurement Baseline (PMB) plus Management Reserve (MR). The achievement of this alignment assures customer and contractor agreement on scope, requirements, quantities, schedule and cost, which facilitates the identification of change conditions and ultimate agreement on the value of changes to the NCC and the CBB. Delays in contract/CBB true up/reconciliation can negatively effect measurement of project progress, limiting owner understanding of liability, and may result in increased contract disagreements and potential claims. The Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (OR-EM) and URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) achieved alignment of the NCC with the CBB within 10 months of UCOR taking over work on the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) cleanup contract by: 1. Managing as a discrete project; 2. Establishing expectations and setting tone of interactions; 3. Using personnel experienced with Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR); 4. Partnering; 5. Establishing ombudsmen. (authors)

  19. Soil-based ecosystem services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghaley, Bhim Bahadur; Porter, John Roy; Sandhu, Harpinder S.

    2014-01-01

    Among the soil-based ecosystem services (ES), nutrient cycling and carbon sequestration have direct influence on the biogeochemical cycles and greenhouse gas emissions affecting provision of other ES that support human existence. We reviewed methods to assess the two key ES by identifying...

  20. 78 FR 14141 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  1. 77 FR 50542 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  2. Rigorous Description Of Design Components Functionality: An Approach Based Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelhafid Zitouni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Current models for software components have made component-based software engineering practical. However, these models are limited in the sense that their support for the characterization/specification of design components primarily deals with syntactic issues. To avoid mismatch and misuse of components, more comprehensive specification of software components is required, In this paper, we present a contract-based approach to analyze and model the both aspects (functional and non-functional properties of design components and their composition in order to detect and correct composition errors. This approach permits to characterize the structural, interface and behavioural aspects of design component. To enable this we present a pattern contract language that captures the structural and behavioral requirements associated with a range of patterns, as well as the system properties that are guaranteed as a result. In addition, we propose the use of the LOTOS language as an ADL for formalizing these aspects. We illustrate the approach by applying it to a standard design pattern.

  3. THE TEMPERATURE-BASED DERIVATIVES CONTRACTS – NEW PRODUCTS OF WEATHER RISK INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mirela MATEI; Cătălin VOICA

    2011-01-01

    The temperature-based derivatives contracts have appeared while the first deregulations in the utilities and the energy sectors from USA in the years 1990-2000. The transfer of the some services in the private sector has involved a better control of costs and revenues of different companies. The private investors who have turned to this area, have imposed a risk reduction management more complex than that used by any public company, in order to ensure their profits and a smaller variation of ...

  4. A trace-based model for multiparty contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvitved, Tom; Klaedtke, Felix; Zalinescu, Eugen

    2012-01-01

    In this article we present a model for multiparty contracts in which contract conformance is defned abstractly as a property on traces. A key feature of our model is blame assignment, which means that for a given contract, every breach is attributed to a set of parties. We show that blame assignm...

  5. LOCATION-BASED SERVICES USING SIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Azfar,

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the popularity of Location-Based Services and IP telephony, we decided to review a number of different proposals to implement Location-Based Services over a SIP-based mobile network. The result is an interesting overview about the potential functionalities of Location-Based Services and the capabilities of SIP for implementingthese services.

  6. An agent-based model for energy service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • An agent-based model for household energy efficiency upgrades is considered. • Energy service companies provide an alternative to traditional utility providers. • Household self-financing is a limiting factor to widespread efficiency upgrading. • Longer term service contracts can lead to reduced household energy costs. • Future energy price increases enable service providers to retain their customer base. - Abstract: The residential housing sector is a major consumer of energy accounting for approximately one third of carbon emissions in the United Kingdom. Achieving a sustainable, low-carbon infrastructure necessitates a reduced and more efficient use of domestic energy supplies. Energy service companies offer an alternative to traditional providers, which supply a single utility product to satisfy the unconstrained demand of end users, and have been identified as a potentially important actor in sustainable future economies. An agent-based model is developed to examine the potential of energy service companies to contribute to the large scale upgrading of household energy efficiency, which would ultimately lead to a more sustainable and secure energy infrastructure. The migration of households towards energy service companies is described by an attractiveness array, through which potential customers can evaluate the future benefits, in terms of household energy costs, of changing provider. It is shown that self-financing is a limiting factor to the widespread upgrading of residential energy efficiency. Greater reductions in household energy costs could be achieved by committing to longer term contracts, allowing upgrade costs to be distributed over greater time intervals. A steadily increasing cost of future energy usage lends an element of stability to the market, with energy service companies displaying the ability to retain customers on contract expiration. The model highlights how a greater focus on the provision of energy services, as

  7. Attracting Health Insurance Buyers through Selective Contracting: Results of a Discrete-Choice Experiment among Users of Hospital Services in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelien Bergrath

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2006, the Netherlands commenced market based reforms in its health care system. The reforms included selective contracting of health care providers by health insurers. This paper focuses on how health insurers may increase their market share on the health insurance market through selective contracting of health care providers. Selective contracting is studied by eliciting the preferences of health care consumers for attributes of health care services that an insurer could negotiate on behalf of its clients with health care providers. Selective contracting may provide incentives for health care providers to deliver the quality that consumers need and demand. Selective contracting also enables health insurers to steer individual patients towards selected health care providers. We used a stated preference technique known as a discrete choice experiment to collect and analyze the data. Results indicate that consumers care about both costs and quality of care, with healthy consumers placing greater emphasis on costs and consumers with poorer health placing greater emphasis on quality of care. It is possible for an insurer to satisfy both of these criteria by selective contracting health care providers who consequently purchase health care that is both efficient and of good quality.

  8. Polymerization contraction and conversion of light-curing BisGMA-based methacrylate resins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venhoven, B A; de Gee, A J; Davidson, C L

    1993-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the polymerization contraction and the conversion of light-curing methacrylate resins based on bisphenol-A bis(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylate (BisGMA) diluted with triethylene glycol dimethyacrylate (TEGDMA), methyl methacrylate (MMA), hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) or (+/-)-2-ethylhexyl methacrylate (EHMA). The contraction measurements were carried out with a linometer, a simple device to determine true linear polymerization contraction of liquid monomers at ambient temperature. The contraction increased with the amount of diluting monomer. The estimated conversion of the BisGMA-TEGDMA, calculated using the contraction, is consistent with literature values. The BisGMA-HPMA mixtures showed high conversions at moderate contraction.

  9. 75 FR 42774 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... contract actions will be accomplished through long-term renewal contracts pursuant to Public Law 102-575.... Contract will provide for an amount not to exceed 15,000 acre-feet annually authorized by Public Law 101... rights under Public Law 101-618; Nevada and California: Contract for the storage of non-Federal water...

  10. A Study into the Impact of Logistics Sophistication of Brazilian Shippers in the Pattern of Contracting the Services of Logistics Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Fernando Fleury

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the logistics sophistication of Brazilian shippers on the acquisition pattern of 3PL (third-party logistics service providers. The conceptual model of logistics sophistication and the major dimensions and variables relating to the acquisition pattern were defined and a questionnaire was sent to 218 Brazilian shippers listed on the Revista Exame ranking. Based on the 93 questionnaires returned, the analyses conducted indicate that the most sophisticated shippers are durable goods manufacturers and that they contract 3PL services providers for inventory management and higher value added services. In essence, these results indicate that the most sophisticated shippers seek 3PL service providers capable of managing logistics trade-offs such as inventory levels vs. asset utilization levels. These implications on the selection criteria of 3PL service providers are also discussed.

  11. Research on the Evaluation Indicator of Energy Performance Contracting Service%合同能源管理服务评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢修平; 郑深; 邓秋玮; 李可伟; 李云

    2014-01-01

    我国在“十二五”规划中明确提出加快推行合同能源管理,促进节能服务产业的发展。作为合同能源管理项目的实施主体,节能服务公司在这其中发挥着至关重要的作用。为规范节能服务公司实施合同能源管理项目,科学评价其合同能源管理服务水平,本文以现有服务质量评价理论为基础,结合业内相关机构对合同能源管理的评价需求,通过分析合同能源管理作为生产性服务业的服务特性,提出从服务能力、服务过程及服务绩效三个维度构建合同能源管理服务评价指标体系,并阐述了上述三个维度之间的内在关联。合同能源管理服务评价指标体系的建立,有利于规范和引导节能服务公司提供良好的合同能源管理服务。%In the 12th five-year plan, Chinese government clearly put forward to speed up the implementation of Energy Performance Contracting to promote the development of energy-saving services industry. As the principal part of the implementation of Energy Performance Contracting Project, energy service companies play a vital role in the field. Based on the existing service quality evaluation theory and combined with the relevant agencies industry demands for Energy Performance Contracting evaluation, the paper analyzes the service characteristics of Energy Performance Contracting, puts forward the evaluation index system in three dimensions of service ability, process and performance, and elaborates the intrinsic connection among the three dimensions, in order to regulate the energy service companies’ implementation and scientifically evaluate its service level. The establishment of the evaluation index system will be conducive to regulate and guide the energy services company to provide good Energy Performance Contracting services.

  12. Combinational Services for NGN based IPTV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mikóczy, E.; Schumann, S.; Stokking, H.M.; Deventer, M.O. van; Niamut, O.A.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the general concept of combinational/blended services for IP-based Television (IPTV) services in next generation networks towards its service oriented architecture concept (SOA). Besides introducing general approaches of service reusability (SOA concepts), the service enables (e

  13. 78 FR 6827 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are...-contract-inventories by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  14. Service contract with periodic preventive maintenance for a dump truck sold with a two-dimensional warranty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasrum, A.; Pasaribu, U. S.; Husniah, H.

    2016-02-01

    This paper deals with maintenance service contract for a dump truck sold with a two-dimensional warranties. We consider a situation where an agent offers two maintenance contract options and the owner of the equipment has to select the optimal option either the OEM carried out all repairs and preventive maintenance activities (option one) or the OEM only carries out failure while the costumer undertakes preventive maintenance action in-house (option two). As the number of preventive maintenance and corrective maintenance that occurs in the area of servicing contracts is very influential in determining the value of the contract, we have to determine the optimal time between preventive maintenance that can minimize the cost of repair in the contract area. Moreover, we also study the maintenance service contract considering reduction of the intensity function after preventive maintenance from both the owner and OEM point of views. In this paper, we use a Weibull intensity function to consider a product with increasing failure intensity. We use a non-cooperative game formulation to determine the optimal price structure (i.e., the contract price and repair cost) for the OEM and the owner. A numerical example derived from the model has shown that if the owner choose option one then the owner obtain a higher profit compared with the profit resulted from option two. The result agree with earlier work which uses the accelerated failure time (AFT) for the failure modeling, while here we model the failure of the dump truck without the use of the AFT.

  15. Service contracts in the petroleum industry - a practical approach; Contrato de servicos na industria do petroleo - uma abordagem pratica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Sidney P. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    The worldwide competition and the availability of new business opportunities have paved the way for service contracts as an attractive option when performing feasibility analysis for gas and energy projects. This paper addresses this subject and incorporates the experience gotten at PETROBRAS focusing on Compression Service Contract for Gas Pipeline Transmission System and also on Gas Processing Contract for gas dew point adjustment for natural gas production so as to specify the gas for industrial and automotive use. The methodology presented, that incorporates Monte Carlo Simulation for Risk Analysis, can be applied for any project with similar characteristics. This paper also underlines the importance of the use of Risk Analysis for feasibility studies. (author)

  16. How to Prevent Corruption Without Affecting Efficiency? An Overview of Safeguard Measures for Contracting Out Public Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger E. HAMLIN

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the issue of finding the right balance between regulatory oversight, decision-making flexibility and reliance on market forces to safeguard the contracting-out process from corruption. The paper analyses the corrupt practices associated with contracting out local public services and the causes and consequences of this behavior. Taking into consideration new anticorruption strategies, we make recommendations for attaining equilibrium between flexible safeguard measures and accountable and transparent practices aimed at verifying whether regulations and standards are met. The strategy also emphasizes the training of public officials, to provide them with appropriate skills and professional capacity to identify and manage corruption risks. The last part of the paper recommends future research to identify best practices among different communities and states attempting to control corruption practices when contracting out public services.

  17. Barreras para la normalización de la telemedicina en un sistema de salud basado en la concertación de servicios Barriers to the normalization of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesc Roig

    2011-10-01

    participate in the design and implementation of telemedicine in a healthcare system model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts. Methods: We performed a qualitative study based on data from semi-structured interviews with 17 key informants belonging to distinct Catalan health organizations. Results: The barriers identified were grouped in four areas: technological, organizational, human and economic. The main barriers identified were changes in the healthcare model caused by telemedicine, problems with strategic alignment, resistance to change in the (redefinition of roles, responsibilities and new skills, and lack of a business model that incorporates telemedicine in the services portfolio to ensure its sustainability. Conclusions: In addition to suitable management of change and of the necessary strategic alignment, the definitive normalization of telemedicine in a mixed healthcare model based on purchasing of healthcare services using providers' contracts requires a clear and stable business model that incorporates this modality in the services portfolio and allows healthcare organizations to obtain reimbursement from the payer.

  18. 77 FR 18106 - Award Fee for Service and End-Item Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    ...: Bill Roets, NASA, Office of Procurement, Contract Management Division, Room 5G86; (202) 358-4483; email... September 15, 2011 (76 FR 57014) updating NFS clause 52.216-76 to clarify that the amount of withheld award... exceed $100,000 for the contract, and add similar language to the Award Fee for End-Item Contracts...

  19. Location Based Services and Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenis Gorrita Michel

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Location Based Services (LBS continue to grow in popularity, effectiveness and reliability, to the extent that applications are designed and implemented taking into account the facilities of the user location information. In this work, some of the main applications are addressed, in order to make an assessment of the current importance of the LBS, as a branch of technology in full swing. In addition, the main techniques for location estimation are studied, essential information to the LBS. Because of this it is a highly topical issue, the ongoing works and researches are also discussed.

  20. 78 FR 46365 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed or...

  1. 78 FR 27256 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related...(f) of the Reclamation Project Act of 1939 and the rules and regulations published in 52 FR...

  2. 78 FR 72109 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR 7763, February... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed or...

  3. 78 FR 72111 - Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... Public Participation Procedures'' for water resource-related contract negotiations, published in 47 FR... Bureau of Reclamation Quarterly Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related... in 52 FR 11954, April 13, 1987 (43 CFR 426.22), Reclamation will publish notice of proposed...

  4. Designing Personalization in Technology-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Min Kyung

    2013-01-01

    Personalization technology has the potential to optimize service for each person's unique needs and characteristics. One way to optimize service is to allow people to customize the service themselves; another is to proactively tailor services based on information provided by people or inferred from their past behaviors. These approaches function…

  5. Database Aspects of Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Christian Søndergaard

    2004-01-01

    Adopting a data management perspective on location-based services, this chapter explores central challenges to data management posed by location-based services. Because service users typically travel in, and are constrained to, transportation infrastructures, such structures must be represented i...

  6. Personalization of Rule-based Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Sang Yong Han; Okkyung Choi

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays Web users have clearly expressed their wishes to receive personalized services directly. Personalization is the way to tailor services directly to the immediate requirements of the user. However, the current Web Services System does not provide any features supporting this such as consideration of personalization of services and intelligent matchmaking. In this research a flexible, personalized Rule-based Web Services System to address these problems and to enable efficient search, d...

  7. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for operation of the hostels, apartments and ancillary premises run by the CERN Housing Service. Following a market survey carried out among 32 firms in ten Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2404/AS/Rev.) was sent on 5 April 2000 to one firm and three consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from the firm and the three consortia. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium VIENNA INTERNATIONAL HOTEL MANAGEMENT (AT) - SEREG (CH), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of five years, to enter into force on 1 January 2001, for a total amount of 6 871 850 Swiss francs, not subject to revision until 31 December 2001. The contract will include an option for two one-year extensions beyond the initial five-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-60%, AT-...

  8. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio(base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5-3.0 times the measured values.

  9. Theoretical study on setup of expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐昌广; 刘干斌; 王艳; 邓岳保

    2015-01-01

    When an expanded-base pile is installed into ground, the cavity expansion associated with penetration of the enlarged pile base is followed by cavity contraction along the smaller-diameter pile shaft. In order to account for the influence of cavity contraction on the change of bearing capacity of expanded-base pile, a theoretical calculation methodology, predicting the setup of expanded-base pile, was established by employing the cavity contraction theory to estimate the shaft resistance of expanded-base pile, and horizontal consolidation theory to predict the dissipation of excess pore pressure. Finally, the numerical solutions for the setup of expanded-base pile were obtained. The parametric study about the influence of cavity contraction on setup of expanded-base pile was carried out, while a field test was introduced. The parametric study shows that the decrements in radial pressure and the maximum pore water pressure after considering cavity contraction are increased as the expanded ratio (base diameter/shaft diameter) and rigidity index of soil are raised. The comparison between calculated and measured values shows that the calculated results of ultimate bearing capacity for expanded-base pile considering cavity contraction agree well with the measured values; however, the computations ignoring cavity contraction are 2.5−3.0 times the measured values.

  10. Indexer Based Dynamic Web Services Discovery

    CERN Document Server

    Bashir, Saba; Javed, M Younus; Khan, Aihab; Khiyal, Malik Sikandar Hayat

    2010-01-01

    Recent advancement in web services plays an important role in business to business and business to consumer interaction. Discovery mechanism is not only used to find a suitable service but also provides collaboration between service providers and consumers by using standard protocols. A static web service discovery mechanism is not only time consuming but requires continuous human interaction. This paper proposed an efficient dynamic web services discovery mechanism that can locate relevant and updated web services from service registries and repositories with timestamp based on indexing value and categorization for faster and efficient discovery of service. The proposed prototype focuses on quality of service issues and introduces concept of local cache, categorization of services, indexing mechanism, CSP (Constraint Satisfaction Problem) solver, aging and usage of translator. Performance of proposed framework is evaluated by implementing the algorithm and correctness of our method is shown. The results of p...

  11. FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS BASED PAY EFFECTIVE CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Иванович Долгий

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article examines the application of the principle of «effective contract», the contracting institution to be introduced into the system of labor relations. Purpose of the article is to offer an effective method of the contract for the design of incentives to domestic enterprises of different ownership forms, including the budget. Distinctive features of the work, reflecting its novelty is the use of a set of methods and techniques for building an effective motivational model, as well as practical experience in implementation of the proposed instruments in the activities of Russian enterprises. At the heart of the functioning of this institution are techniques improve the fairness of the forms and payroll systems. With the proposed program can be measured by the individual results of specific employees. Using the «effective contract» to be used in schools to improve the motivation of the teaching staff.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-61

  12. Ontology Based Qos Driven Web Service Discovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Suganyakala

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In today's scenario web services have become a grand vision to implement the business process functionalities. With increase in number of similar web services, one of the essential challenges is to discover relevant web service with regard to user specification. Relevancy of web service discovery can be improved by augmenting semantics through expressive formats like OWL. QoS based service selection will play a significant role in meeting the non-functional user requirements. Hence QoS and semantics has been used as finer search constraints to discover the most relevant service. In this paper, we describe a QoS framework for ontology based web service discovery. The QoS factors taken into consideration are execution time, response time, throughput, scalability, reputation, accessibility and availability. The behavior of each web service at various instances is observed over a period of time and their QoS based performance is analyzed.

  13. Contracting-In Management to Strengthen Publicly Financed Primary Health Services--The Experience of Punjab, Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Loevinsohn, B.; Haq, I. U.; Couffinhal, A.; Pande, A.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: In response to low utilization of primary health services in rural areas, the Government of Punjab contracted with a local non-governmental organization (NGO) to manage the basic health units in one district. METHODS: To evaluate the performance of the contractor, health facility surveys, household surveys, and routinely collected information were used to compare the experimental district (Rahim Yar Khan, RYK) with a contiguous and equally poor district (Bahawalpur, BWP). RESULTS:...

  14. Tolerance based contract-or-patch heuristic for the asymmetric TSP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldengorin, Boris; Jaeger, Gerold; Molitor, Paul; Erlebach, T

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we improve the quality of a recently suggested class of construction heuristics for the Asymmetric Traveling Salesman Problem (ATSP), namely the Contract-or-Patch heuristic. Our improvement is based on replacing the selection of each path to be contracted after deleting a heaviest arc

  15. Library-based scalable refinement checking for contract-based design

    OpenAIRE

    Iannopollo, A; Nuzzo, P; Tripakis, S; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, A.

    2014-01-01

    Given a global specification contract and a system described by a composition of contracts, system verification reduces to checking that the composite contract refines the specification contract, i.e. that any implementation of the composite contract implements the specification contract and is able to operate in any environment admitted by it. Contracts are captured using high-level declarative languages, for example, linear temporal logic (LTL). In this case, refinement checking reduces to ...

  16. Rule-based Knowledge Representation for Service Level Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Paschke, Adrian

    2006-01-01

    Automated management and monitoring of service contracts like Service Level Agreements (SLAs) or higher-level policies is vital for efficient and reliable distributed service-oriented architectures (SOA) with high quality of ser-vice (QoS) levels. IT service provider need to manage, execute and maintain thousands of SLAs for different customers and different types of services, which needs new levels of flexibility and automation not available with the current technol-ogy. I propose a novel ru...

  17. 社区卫生服务机构签约服务模式分析%Analysis on the contracting service model in community health centers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁莎莎; 王芳; 李陈晨; 刘利群; 周巍; 马海燕; 傅济; 刘伟

    2015-01-01

    with the number of contracted ranging around 1500~2000 , freely providing both essential public health and medical services, fully using the family physician room as the con-tracting service platform and highlighting the actively serving concept, building the financial and non-financial incen-tives, health insurance benefits and green transfer mechanisms in order to efficiently guarantee the contracting service development. Conclusions: Based on the information platform, the contracting service model in the sample sites played a great role in the appointment and referral services development as well as the self-health management among residents, improving the relationship between physicians and patients, and promoting the formation of orderly health service pursuing pattern.

  18. 76 FR 8402 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ...,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted... guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal...

  19. 76 FR 6177 - Public Availability of the Department of Transportation FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... contract actions over $25,000 that were made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show... accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office...

  20. 76 FR 5364 - Public Availability of Department of Energy FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed..., 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's... the inventory at the following link:...

  1. 76 FR 4123 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  2. 77 FR 4821 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... made in FY 2011. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  3. 77 FR 58104 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 Inventory of Contracts for Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... also may be submitted by email to Jeffrey.Grover@osd.mil . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jeff Grover..., the Office of the Deputy Director, Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Contract Policy...

  4. Using Assurance Contract to Encourage Private Provision of Ecosystem Services: Evidence from a Pilot Field Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Pengfei; Swallow, Stephen K.

    2015-01-01

    We generalize the dominant assurance contract (Tabarrok, 1998) to the threshold public good provision. This contract offers, to donors who agree to a minimum price, an assurance payment as compensation in the event that fundraising fails to achieve the threshold needed to fund the good. We analyze the outcomes when individuals face 1) a minimum price for eligibility for the assurance payment and 2) an assurance payment that differs from the suggested price. We report a field experiment to fun...

  5. A Social Contract for University-Industry Collaboration: A Case of Project-Based Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vartiainen, Tero

    This study determines a social contract for a form of university-industry collaboration to a project-based learning environment in close collaboration with industry. The author's previous studies on moral conflicts in a project-based learning (PjBL) environment and his 5-year engagement in the PjBL environment are used as background knowledge, and John Rawls' veil of ignorance is used as a method in the contract formulation. Fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for with the contract which constitutes of sets of obligations for each party, students, clients, and university (instructors) in the chosen project course. With the contract fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for and the most dilemmatic moral conflicts are tried to be avoided. The forming of the social contract is evaluated, and implications for research and collaborations in practice are offered.

  6. Service-based Systems in Clinical Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Stantchev, Vladimir

    2008-01-01

    In this report we present an architectural approach to add quality-of-service (QoS) assurance and location awareness to service-based systems within existing clinical infrastructures. To address typical design requirements of such systems (e.g., cooperating services, performance and availability) the work proposes a service-oriented architecture (SOA) as architectural concept and architectural translucency to provide stable QoS. We evaluate position sensing systems, QoS assurance approaches a...

  7. 网络环境下企业间运营模式优化探讨--基于电子合同服务平台%Operation Mode Optimization Discussion Between Enterprises Under the Network Environment--Based on Electronic Contract Services Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2013-01-01

      基于电子签名技术的电子合同服务平台有效地补偿了传统纸质合同的缺陷,优化了企业间的运营模式,提高了整个供应链的运作。文章介绍了传统企业间合同签订的模式及缺陷,探讨了网络环境下电子合同服务平台实施模式,分析了电子合同服务平台实施的可行性和对企业间运营模式的优化作用,提出了可行的电子合同服务平台构建方案。%Electronic contract platform based on electronic signature technology effectively compensates for the defects of traditional paper contract, optimizes operation mode between enterprises and promotes supply chain operations. The pattern and defects of the traditional signed between enterprises are analysed. Implementation model, practicability and operation mode op-timization between enterprises of the electronic contract platform under the network environment are discussed, and doable construction scheme of the electronic contract platform is provided in this paper.

  8. Operation Mode Optimization Discussion Between Enterprises Under the Network Environment--Based on Electronic Contract Services Platform%网络环境下企业间运营模式优化探讨--基于电子合同服务平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2013-01-01

    Electronic contract platform based on electronic signature technology effectively compensates for the defects of traditional paper contract, optimizes operation mode between enterprises and promotes supply chain operations. The pattern and defects of the traditional signed between enterprises are analysed. Implementation model, practicability and operation mode op-timization between enterprises of the electronic contract platform under the network environment are discussed, and doable construction scheme of the electronic contract platform is provided in this paper.%  基于电子签名技术的电子合同服务平台有效地补偿了传统纸质合同的缺陷,优化了企业间的运营模式,提高了整个供应链的运作。文章介绍了传统企业间合同签订的模式及缺陷,探讨了网络环境下电子合同服务平台实施模式,分析了电子合同服务平台实施的可行性和对企业间运营模式的优化作用,提出了可行的电子合同服务平台构建方案。

  9. A Unified Formal Model for Service Oriented Architecture to Enforce Security Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Allam, Diana

    2012-01-01

    Poster- AOSD 2012 (Aspect-Oriented Software Development) Student Research Competition International audience In this paper we introduce a model as a foundation for heterogeneous services, therefore unifying web services technologies in SOA (Service Oriented Architecture), specifically, SOAP/WS* and RESTful models. This model abstracts away from service implementations, in order to verify and to enforce some important security properties.

  10. Privacy-Preserving Location-Based Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Chi Yin

    2010-01-01

    Location-based services (LBS for short) providers require users' current locations to answer their location-based queries, e.g., range and nearest-neighbor queries. Revealing personal location information to potentially untrusted service providers could create privacy risks for users. To this end, our objective is to design a privacy-preserving…

  11. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  12. A multi-agent cell-based model for wound contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, W M; Koppenol, D C; Vermolen, F J

    2016-05-24

    A mathematical model for wound contraction is presented. The model is based on a cell-based formalism where fibroblasts, myofibroblasts and the immune reaction are taken into account. The model is used to simulate contraction of a wound using point forces on the cell boundary and it also determines the orientation of collagen after restoration of the damage. The paper presents the mathematical model in terms of the equations and assumptions, as well as some implications of the modelling. The present model predicts that the amount of final contraction is larger if the migration velocity of the leukocytes is larger and hence it is important that the immune system functions well to prevent contractures. Further, the present model is the first cell-based model that combines the immune system to final contractions.

  13. 29 CFR 4.130 - Types of covered service contracts illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... maintenance and operation and engineering support services. (16) Exploratory drilling (other than part of..., clearing timber or brush, etc. (See also §§ 4.116(b) and 4.131(f).). (53) Vending machine services....

  14. 77 FR 9620 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Management, Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY... organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency. The inventory has been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010 by the Office of...

  15. 48 CFR 52.222-41 - Service Contract Act of 1965.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in work on the contract, and a copy of the collective bargaining agreement. Such report shall be made... locality, or determines, as provided in 29 CFR 4.11, that the collective bargaining agreement applicable to... regulations in 29 CFR parts 525 and 528. (r) Apprentices. Apprentices will be permitted to work at less...

  16. 48 CFR 1552.232-73 - Payments-fixed-rate services contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative expense allocated to direct materials in accordance with the Contractor's usual accounting... discharging the Government, its officers, agents, and employees of and from all liabilities, obligations, and... liabilities of the Contractor to third parties arising out of performing this contract, that are not known...

  17. 78 FR 16268 - Submission for OMB Review; Service Contracts Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... Federal Register at 76 FR 22070, on April 20, 2011, as part of a proposed rule under FAR Case 2010-0010... provided. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Edward Loeb, Procurement Analyst, Contract Policy Division at (202) 501-00650 or via email at edward.loeb@gsa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A....

  18. 78 FR 21969 - Status Report of Water Service, Repayment, and Other Water-Related Contract Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ...Notice is hereby given of contractual actions that have been proposed to the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) and were pending through December 31, 2012, and contract actions that have been completed or discontinued since the last publication of this notice. From the date of this publication, future notices during this calendar year will be limited to new, modified, discontinued, or......

  19. Governance of business services exchanges: contracts, relations and frontline employee behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Vandaele, Darline

    2007-01-01

    Because of increased sourcing practices, the interaction between buyer and seller gains in importance in services settings. However, few studies have investigated the mechanisms used to govern business service exchanges after the purchase. This is especially true for those services considered less strategically valuable like support services delivered by frontline employees at the premises of the buying organization. The main goal of this dissertation is to examine how performance in business...

  20. 18 CFR 367.24 - Construction and service contracts for other companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... organization and equipment. (4) The support services performed by the service company in connection with the... COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005,...

  1. Legal Attributes of Energy Services Contract in China%论我国节能服务合同的法律属性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小明; 刘建刚

    2012-01-01

    节能服务合同是合同能源管理实施中的基础性合同,节能服务公司在合同期限届满时应当无偿向用能单位移交项目设备及其所有权,因而对节能服务合同的属性存有争议。为此,必须厘清合同能源管理实施中所涉及的交易关系,分析合同能源管理运营中设备所有权的归属,确定节能服务合同为技术合同的属性,在我国现有法律体系框架范围内,有效地调整合同能源管理以及节能服务合同关系。%Energy service contract is a basic contract in the implementation process of energy performance contracting.Energy service companies shall transfer the project equipment and its ownership to the units for free before the expiration of the contract.So there is a dispute about the attributes of the contracts and people have a variety of views.Therefore,we must clarify the transactions,analyze the ownership of equipment during the implementation of energy performance contracting,make sure that energy service contract is a technical contract,and finally adjust the relations between energy performance contracting and energy service contract effectively in our existing legal system framework.

  2. Breach of Contracts in Investor-State Arbitration Based on International Investment Agreements (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    HAMAMOTO Shotaro

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the question whether and in which cases it is possible to settle disputes arising from investment contracts concluded between a foreign investor and a recipient State through the dispute settlement procedure (typically, arbitration) provided in international investment agreements (IIAs) concluded between the investor's State of nationality and the recipient State. The issue of whether the arbitration based on IIAs can deal with disputes over investment contracts arises in ...

  3. Proposal for the award of a contract for the provision of cooling water treatment services

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for cabling and minor mechanical work on components of CERN accelerators and experiments. Following a market survey carried out among 62 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-3214/EST/A) was sent on 1 August 2003 to three firms and two consortia in four Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received four tenders from four consortia in four Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium AMEC SPIE (FR) - CEGELEC (FR) - AMEC SPIE (NL), the lowest bidder, for cabling and minor mechanical work on components of CERN accelerators and experiments for a total amount not exceeding 1 040 968 euros (1 608 915 Swiss francs), covering an initial period of three years starting on 1 January 2004, not subject to revision. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium ...

  4. SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN OF GIS WEB SERVICE AGGREGATION BASED ON SERVICE GROUP

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, J.-C.; Yang, J.; Tan, M.-J.; Q. Gan

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of research status of domestic and international GIS web service aggregation and development tendency of public platform of GIS web service, the paper designed software architecture of GIS web service aggregation based on GIS web service group. Firstly, using heterogeneous GIS services model, the software architecture converted a variety of heterogeneous services to a unified interface of GIS services, and divided different types of GIS services into different service gr...

  5. Strategies and structures for drilling and service contracts in the 1990's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drilling in the nineties initiatives were introduced to the industry in early 1990. Contractual mechanisms for application of these initiatives have been developed. A strategy is developed for integrating services to provide a total service concept either directly through or parallel with a drilling contractor. Development of cooperative customer/supplier relationship are emerging as the way to sustain performance improvements

  6. Inclusion or Control? Commissioning and Contracting Services for People with Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Concannon, Liam

    2006-01-01

    The rise of new public management has seen the role of the social worker becoming increasingly administrative and less about face to face contact with service users. When commissioning managers seek to help people with learning disabilities plan their services, who actually makes the decisions? Direct payments are proposed as the answer for people…

  7. A Qualitative Assessment Project Comparing and Contracting Faculty and Administrators' Perspectives on Service-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Marshall; Liese, Lawrence H.; Bergerson, Amy

    2004-01-01

    More than 130 service-learning courses have been developed and taught at the University of Utah, a major Research I university, over the last ten years. A series of focus groups were conducted to identify salient factors related to faculty and administrators' perspectives of the advantages and challenges associated with service-learning. The study…

  8. When do they care to share? : How manufacturers make contracted service partners share knowledge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, J.; Schepers, J.; van Weele, A.; van der Valk, W.

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing firms that outsource customer-facing services, risk losing touch with their customers and thereby forfeit valuable market and customer-related knowledge. To maintain informed and competitive, the manufacturer's customer-facing service partners should engage in knowledge sharing and tra

  9. A DIC Based Technique to Measure the Contraction of a Skeletal Muscle Engineered Tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carosio, Silvia; Faraldi, Martina; Pisu, Simona; Musarò, Antonio; Del Prete, Zaccaria

    2016-01-01

    Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary science based on the application of engineering approaches to biologic tissue formation. Engineered tissue internal organization represents a key aspect to increase biofunctionality before transplant and, as regarding skeletal muscles, the potential of generating contractile forces is dependent on the internal fiber organization and is reflected by some macroscopic parameters, such as the spontaneous contraction. Here we propose the application of digital image correlation (DIC) as an independent tool for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of engineered muscle tissue spontaneous contraction. To validate the proposed technique we referred to the X-MET, a promising 3-dimensional model of skeletal muscle. The images acquired through a high speed camera were correlated with a custom-made algorithm and the longitudinal strain predictions were employed for measuring the spontaneous contraction. The spontaneous contraction reference values were obtained by studying the force response. The relative error between the spontaneous contraction frequencies computed in both ways was always lower than 0.15%. In conclusion, the use of a DIC based system allows for an accurate and noninvasive measurement of biological tissues' spontaneous contraction, in addition to the measurement of tissue strain field on any desired region of interest during electrical stimulation. PMID:27034612

  10. A prototype and feasibility analysis of a computer-based construction contract administration system using Framework II.

    OpenAIRE

    Heinze, April F.

    1987-01-01

    The construction contract administrator generates a large volume of correspondence and documentation which is necessary for proper control and tracking of a project. This "paperwork" is difficult to track manually. The paper reviews the Navy construction contracting organization and procedures and develops a model of the Navy contract administrator's functions. A prototype computer application called the "Contract Administrator's Electronic Notebook" was developed based on the model. ...

  11. Cooperative Communication in Cognitive Radio Networks under Asymmetric Information: A Contract-Theory Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Nan Zhao; Minghu Wu; Wei Xiong; Cong Liu

    2015-01-01

    By exploiting the spatial diversity of multiple wireless nodes, cooperative communication technique is a promising technique for spectrum sharing to improve spectrum efficiency. In this paper, the incentive issue between relay nodes’ (RNs’) service and source’s relay selection is investigated in the presence of the asymmetric information scenario. Multiuser cooperative communication is modelled as a labour market, where the source designs a contract and each relay node decides to select a con...

  12. Perceived benefits of adopting Standard – Based pricing mechanism for mechanical and electrical services installations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganiyu Amuda Yusuf

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cost is an important measure of project success and clients will expect a reliable forecast at the early stage of construction projects to inform their business decision. This study was undertaken to investigate the current practices in managing cost of mechanical and electrical (M&E services in buildings. The perceptions of practitioners on the benefits of adopting Standard – Based Pricing Mechanism for M&E services as used for building fabrics and finishes was ascertained. The methodology adopted for the study was semi – structure interview and questionnaire survey.  Inferential statistics technique was used to analyse the data collected. The results revealed that, M&E services tender documents are often based on lump sum contract. Practitioners are of the opinion that the adoption of Standard – Based Pricing Mechanism (SBPM could enhance the quality of M&E services price forecast; ensure active post contract cost monitoring and control; encourage collaborative working relationship; enhance efficient whole life cycle cost management; improve risk management and facilitate efficient tendering process. The study suggested the development of local Standard Method of Measurement for M&E services and proposed strategies to facilitate the adoption of SBPM as basis for forecasting contract price of mechanical and electrical services in buildings.

  13. 76 FR 7782 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Rules of the Armed Services Board of Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... request for the admission of specified facts and/or of the authenticity of any documents, to be answered or objected to within 45 days after service; the factual statements and/or the authenticity of...

  14. 48 CFR 1816.303-70 - Cost-sharing contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... has no commercial, production, education, or service activities that would benefit from the results of... ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  15. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with boundary values on each qualitative or qualitative feature. Their distribution is relying on stress distributions used in this field. The use of service level agreements also casts privacy management...

  16. Decisions on Energy Demand Response Option Contracts in Smart Grids Based on Activity-Based Costing and Stochastic Programming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred J. Hildreth

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Smart grids enable a two-way energy demand response capability through which a utility company offers its industrial customers various call options for energy load curtailment. If a customer has the capability to accurately determine whether to accept an offer or not, then in the case of accepting an offer, the customer can earn both an option premium to participate, and a strike price for load curtailments if requested. However, today most manufacturing companies lack the capability to make the correct contract decisions for given offers. This paper proposes a novel decision model based on activity-based costing (ABC and stochastic programming, developed to accurately evaluate the impact of load curtailments and determine as to whether or not to accept an energy load curtailment offer. The proposed model specifically targets state-transition flexible and Quality-of-Service (QoS flexible energy use activities to reduce the peak energy demand rate. An illustrative example with the proposed decision model under a call-option based energy demand response scenario is presented. As shown from the example results, the proposed decision model can be used with emerging smart grid opportunities to provide a competitive advantage to the manufacturing industry.

  17. Contracting for directorships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knapp, Donna K

    2013-05-01

    Hospitals are required to have a medical director of respiratory care as a condition of their participation in the Federal Medicare and Medicaid programs. This gives physicians opportunities to improve the quality of care for the patients in their community, to diversify income streams, and to assist hospitals to meet regulatory requirements for quality. The contracts for these positions are usually provided by the hospital, so it is imperative that physicians know how to protect their interests, what is expected of them, if they are being paid fairly, and that the contract is compliant with all regulatory issues. The directorship relationship with the hospital that provides designated health services and the "stand in the shoes" definition of direct compensation also gives physicians and physician practices guidance to determine if their group and individual physicians are compliant with Stark and antikickback regulations. This article guides physicians through the process of reviewing a contract for medical directorship or service line management services. Information on compensation in the directorship market can be found in at least two standard surveys. Duties and compensation vary among entities and frequently include incentive-based compensation for improving quality measures and operations. Directorships are evolving to service line management as more of the hospital's reimbursement is linked to clinical quality and patient satisfaction. This article does not offer legal advice, nor is it meant to be all inclusive. Physicians should consult a health-care attorney for any questions before signing any contract. PMID:23648911

  18. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  19. WiMAX-based Overlay Conferencing Service

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Quoc T.; Le, Tien Anh; Nguyen, Hang

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a new service architecture based on the interconnectivity between Subscriber Units (SUs) running on WiMAX network participating in an Application Layer Multicasting-based distributed multimedia conference. The novelty of the proposal is that it replaces the standard centralized architecture of IMS-based conference in order to utilize the intelligence and computational capacity of WiMAX Base stations. Thanks to a distributed architecture, the expensive Media Resource Functi...

  20. HTTPI BASED WEB SERVICE SECURITY OVER SOAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pankaj Choudhary

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Now a days, a new family of web applications 'open applications’, are emerging (e.g., Social Networking, News and Blogging. Generally, these open applications are non-confidential. The security needs of these applications are only client/server authentication and data integrity. For securing these open applications, effectively and efficiently, HTTPI, a new transport protocol is proposed, which ensures the entire security requirements of open applications. Benefit of using the HTTPI is that it is economical in use, well-suited for cache proxies, like HTTP is, and provides security against many Internet attacks (Server Impersonation and Message Modification like HTTPS does. In terms of performance HTTPI is very close to the HTTP, but much better than HTTPS. A Web service is a method of communication between two ends over the Internet. These web services are developed over XML and HTTP. Today, most of the open applications use web services for most of their operations. For securing these web services, security design based on HTTPI is proposed. Our work involves securing the web services over SOAP, based on the HTTPI. This secure web service might be applicable for open applications, where authentication and integrity is needed, but no confidentiality required. In our paper, we introduce a web service security model based on HTTPI protocol over SOAP and develop a preliminary implementation of this model. We also analyze the performance of our approach through an experiment and show that our proposed approach provides higher throughput, lower average response time and lower response size than HTTPS based web service security approach.

  1. Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Totschnig, Michael; Derntl, Michael; Gutiérrez, Israel; Najjar, Jad; Klemke, Roland; Klerkx, Joris; Duval, Erik; Müller, Franz

    2010-01-01

    Despite the existence of numerous standards and specifications in technology-enhanced learning, there is a lack of interoperability of artifacts and services throughout the whole lifecycle of outcome-based education. In this paper we present the concept and prototypical implementation of an open architecture that aims to remedy these issues by providing a unified metadata and service layer for making key educational resources sharable, storable, findable, and interoperable. Th...

  2. Ambulatory and Community-Based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Fred

    1999-01-01

    The shift in the site of service delivery from inpatient and institutional to ambulatory and community settings has been prompted by concerns over cost and the prospect for improving the quality of life. In response to these concerns, Medicare has implemented several demonstrations that emphasize ambulatory and community-based services. In this issue, articles are presented on four demonstrations, which focus on the extent to which coordinated care models reduce health care costs, and the cos...

  3. Testing the limits of freedom of contract: the commercialization of reproductive materials and services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trebilcock, M; Martin, M; Lawson, A; Lewis, P

    1994-01-01

    This article examines the cases for and against commercializing, or "commodifying," reproductive materials and services. Using a supply/demand third-party framework, three basic scenarios in which commercial-exchange relationships may be possible--exchange of gametes and zygotes, exchange of gestational services, and exchange of fetal material--and the major parties of interest, or stakeholders, are identified. The study sketches the liberal, essentialist, and radical contingency theories that shape the debate over the commercialization of reproductive materials and services. The article then attempts to derive some basic governing principles that reflect as much common ground as possible amongst these various normative perspectives, while recognizing that complete reconciliation is impossible. Taken together, these principles are designed to reflect a strategy of "constrained commodification," where commercialization or commodification, that is, financial remuneration, plays a relatively neutral role in the utilization of reproductive materials and services. In light of these principles, the article concludes by sketching legal and regulatory regimes with respect to the exchange of gametes and zygotes, gestational services, and fetal tissue. PMID:15846868

  4. Rule-Based Network Service Provisioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Deca

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to the unprecedented development of networks, manual network service provisioning is becoming increasingly risky, error-prone, expensive, and time-consuming. To solve this problem,rule-based methods can provide adequate leverage for automating various network management tasks. This paper presents a rule-based solution for automated network service provisioning. The proposed approach captures configuration data interdependencies using high-level, service-specific, user-configurable rules. We focus on the service validation task, which is illustrated by means of a case study.Based on numerical results, we analyse the influence of the network-level complexity factors and rule descriptive features on the rule efficiency. This analysis shows the operators how to increase rule efficiency while keeping the rules simple and the rule set compact. We present a technique that allows operators to increase the error coverage, and we show that high error coverage scales well when the complexity of networks and services increases.We reassess the correlation function between specific rule efficiency and rule complexity metrics found in previous work, and show that this correlation function holds for various sizes, types, and complexities of networks and services.

  5. Contracts payments for ecosystem services: the case of bio-pospecting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    We examine the economics of royalties in bioprospecting contracts between a pharmaceutical and genetic resource supplier (local), with an eye to understanding the relative advantages of indexing royalty payments to gross revenue or net revenue. We show a risk-averse firm facing only production or only cost risks will index royalties to net revenue. When facing both types of risk, the choice of royalty type depends on the relative magnitudes of the production and cost risk. In each case, the risk-averse firm chooses the royalty type that shifts as much risk as possible to the local. When the local is risk neutral, the pharmaceutical's and local's preferences are compatible. If the local is risk averse and there is only one type of risk, it will prefer a gross revenue royalty, and shift as much risk as possible to the firm: here the local and firm preferences are compatible only if the firm is risk-neutral, Lastly, we show if the firm sets the terms of the contract, and both agents are risk averse, the firm will not likely volunteer to implement the socially optimal royalty arrangement as it prefers to shift as much risk to the local, who now also prefers a more certain return. This last outcome is at the heart of the benefit sharing discussion and suggests if risk sharing and equity are a concern in benefit sharing, then the choice of royalty type can be an important part of negotiations between pharmaceuticals and locals for the phytochemical from nature for new drug discovery.

  6. Dentinal shear bond strength, microleakage, and contraction gap of visible light-polymerized liners/bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, R L; Barkmeier, W W

    1991-06-01

    The bond strength and microleakage patterns of three light-curing glass-ionomer cement liners/bases (Vitrebond, XR Ionomer, and Zionomer) were evaluated and compared to a fluoride-releasing resin (TimeLine) designed for the same use. Bond strength tests were performed at 24 hours and 7 days. At 24 hours Vitrebond, Time-Line, and Zionomer had statistically significantly greater bond strengths than XR Ionomer. At 7 days, Vitrebond had a statistically significantly stronger bond than the others. Microleakage was evaluated after 24 hours of thermocycling. Vitrebond and XR Ionomer had statistically significantly less leakage than the others, while TimeLine had significantly more leakage than the others. Polymerization contraction gaps between the liners/bases and dentin were examined with scanning electron microscopy. Contraction gaps were approximately 10 microns with Vitrebond and XR Ionomer and 5 microns with TimeLine. A contraction gap generally was not observed with Zionomer.

  7. Mobile Service Providers and M-learning in Nigeria: Mobility in a Contracting Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Ibraheem Diso

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the M-Learningprogrammes of the two largest (in terms of networkcoverage and pioneering mobile service providers (MTNand CELTEL/V-Mobile in Nigeria. It examines theirservices within the context of a generally deterioratinglearning environment. It also compares the extent of theircompliance with the transmission code of the Nigeria’sregulatory agency, the Nigerian CommunicationsCommission (NCC. Unstructured interview, contentanalysis, and observation are the major instruments used tocollect all data for this study. All the data collected throughthese instruments are carefully analyzed vis-à-vis theNigerian environment and the mobile service transmissionregulatory provisions.

  8. Underwater vehicle trajectory estimation using contracting PDE-based observers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Opderbecke, Jan

    This paper addresses the issue of estimating underwater vehicle trajectories using Gyro-Doppler (body-fixed velocities) and acoustic signals (earth-fixed positions). The approach consists of diffusion-based observers processing a whole trajectory segment at a time, allowing to consider important...

  9. 42 CFR 136.30 - Payment to Medicare-participating hospitals for authorized Contract Health Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... methodology under this section applies to all levels of care furnished by a Medicare-participating hospital, whether provided as inpatient, outpatient, skilled nursing facility care, as other services of a... critical access hospitals (as defined in section 1861(mm)(1) of the Social Security Act), that...

  10. Supply Chain Contracting for After-sales Service and Product Support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Li (Dong)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Over the past decades, business model innovation in product and its service has been growing rapidly, especially for durable goods. Companies shift their strategies from selling physical products to delivering solutions and performance for customers. Within this context, th

  11. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with bo

  12. 75 FR 20578 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2008 Defense Threat Reduction Agency Services Contracts Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... of the Secretary Availability of the Fiscal Year 2008 Defense Threat Reduction Agency Services... Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (NDAA 08) section 807, the Director of DTRA and the Office of the Director, Defense Procurement and Acquisition Policy, Office of Strategic Sourcing...

  13. Advanced location-based technologies and services

    CERN Document Server

    Karimi, Hassan A

    2013-01-01

    Due to the rapid increase in the number of mobile device users worldwide, location-based services (LBSs) have become pervasive, and the demand for them will continue to grow. Exploring recent changes in the technology and its uses, Advanced Location-Based Technologies and Services takes an in-depth look at new and existing technologies, techniques, applications, and opportunities. Under the editorial guidance of Hassan Karimi, with contributions from experts in the field, the book examines the breadth and depth of advanced LBS technologies and techniques. The book provides up-to-date informati

  14. Contracting out Support Services in Future Expeditionary Operations: Learning from the Afghan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Kinsey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As with the US led Coalition war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan has seen an unprecedented number of private contractors being utilised in support of military operations in the country. In the case of the United States government for example, over half of its personnel in Afghanistan and Iraq are contract employees, while the same figure in the UK stands at 30 per cent and is set to increase in the coming years. This level of contractor involvement in the ‘War on Terror’ is not inconsequential. Indeed, their contribution to military operations is so large they are now able to influence NATO’s counter-insurgency operations and thus its overall strategy for fighting the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Importantly, such involvement can be both beneficial and/or detrimental. This article first sets out to explore how NATO came to rely on so many contractors in Afghanistan and the risks this involves for the ‘War on Terror’.

  15. Analysis of Maintenance Service Contracts for Dump Trucks Used in Mining Industry with Simulation Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dymasius, A.; Wangsaputra, R.; Iskandar, B. P.

    2016-02-01

    A mining company needs high availability of dump trucks used to haul mining materials. As a result, an effective maintenance action is required to keep the dump trucks in a good condition and hence reducing failure and downtime of the dump trucks. To carry out maintenance in-house requires a high intensive maintenance facility and high skilled maintenance specialists. Often, outsourcing maintenance is an economic option for the company. An external agent takes a proactive action with offering some maintenance contract options to the owner. The decision problem for the owner is to decide the best option and for the agent is to determine the optimal price for each option offered. A non-cooperative game-theory is used to formulate the decision problems for the owner and the agent. We consider that failure pattern of each truck follows a non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) and a queueing theory with multiple servers is used to estimate the downtime. As it involves high complexity to model downtime using a queueing theory, then in this paper we use a simulation method. Furthermore, we conduct experiment to seek for the best number of maintenance facilities (servers) which minimises maintenance and penalty costs incurred to the agent.

  16. A new algorithm for EEG source reconstruction based on LORETA by contracting the source region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A new method is presented for EEG source reconstruction based on multichannel surface EEG recordings. From the low-resolution tomography obtained by the low resolution electromagnetic tomography algorithm (LORETA), this method acquires the source tomography, which has high-resolution by contracting the source region. In contrast to focal underdetermined system solver (FOCUSS), this method can gain more accurate result under certain circumstances.

  17. Fostering incremental and radical innovation through performance-based contracting in buyer-supplier relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sumo, Regien; van der Valk, Wendy; Bode, Christoph; van Weele, A.J.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose While anecdotal evidence suggests that performance-based contracts (PBCs) may foster innovation in buyer-supplier relationships, our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is limited to date. This study draws on transaction cost economics and agency theory to develop a theoretical model

  18. Study on dynamic services composition of web services based on BPEL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jinyue; Huang, Fei; Zhang, Gongxuan

    2013-12-01

    From the core concepts of SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) ——"Service" starting the service composition is discussed in detail, from the service relationships network modeling, services dynamic composition approach based on Business Process Execution Language BPEL (Business Process Execution Language) is proposed in this paper, meanwhile two concepts of service agent and service quality are described, which achieve the service process dynamic execution.

  19. Managing the financial risk of low water levels in Great Lakes with index-based contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, E.; Characklis, G. W.; Brown, C. M.; Moody, P.

    2014-12-01

    Low water levels in the Great Lakes have recently had significant financial impacts on the region's commercial shipping, responsible for transporting millions of dollars' worth of bulk goods each year. Low lake levels can significantly affect shipping firms, as cargo capacity is a function of draft, or the distance between water level and the ship's bottom. Draft increases with weight, and lower lake levels force ships to reduce cargo to prevent running aground in shallow harbors, directly impacting the finances of shipping companies. Risk transfer instruments may provide adaptable, yet unexplored, alternatives for managing these financial risks, at significantly less expense than more traditional solutions (e.g., dredging). Index-based financial instruments can be particularly attractive as contract payouts are directly linked to well-defined transparent metrics (e.g., lake levels), eliminating the need for subjective adjustors, as well as concerns over moral hazard. In developing such instruments, a major challenge is identifying an index that is well correlated with financial losses, and thus a contract that reliably pays out when losses are experienced (low basis risk). In this work, a relationship between lake levels and shipping revenues is developed, and actuarial analyses of the frequency and magnitude of revenue losses is completed using this relationship and synthetic water level data. This analysis is used to develop several types of index-based contracts. A standardized suite of binary contracts is developed, with each indexed to lake levels and priced according to predefined thresholds. These are combined to form portfolios with different objectives (e.g. options, collars), with optimal portfolio structure and length of coverage determined by limiting basis risk and contract cost, using simulations over the historic dataset. Results suggest that portfolios of these binary contracts can substantially reduce the risk of financial losses during periods of

  20. Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Totschnig, Michael; Derntl, Michael; Gutiérrez, Israel; Najjar, Jad; Klemke, Roland; Klerkx, Joris; Duval, Erik; Müller, Franz

    2010-01-01

    Totschnig, M., Derntl, M., Gutiérrez, I., Najjar, J., Klemke, R., Klerkx, J., Duval, E., & Müller, F. (2010). Repository Services for Outcome-based Learning. Fourth International Workshop on Search and Exchange of e-le@rning Materials (SE@M’10). September, 27-28, 2010, Barcelona, Spain.

  1. Effective Treatment in Home-Based Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simboli, Tim; Darou, Wes G.

    The use of home-based treatment programs has become increasingly popular over the last few years. Such a program is offered by the Youth Services Bureau of Ottawa-Carleton through its Detached Worker Program. This program uses paraprofessionals who employ an eclectic combination of behavioral, client-centered, family and reality therapies. Two…

  2. Towards Web Service-Based Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Demetrios G.

    2005-01-01

    The need for designing the next generation of web service-based educational systems with the ability of integrating components from different tools and platforms is now recognised as the major challenge in advanced learning technologies. In this paper, we discuss this issue and we present the conceptual design of such environment, referred to as…

  3. Location-Based Services in Vehicular Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Di

    2013-01-01

    Location-based services have been identified as a promising communication paradigm in highly mobile and dynamic vehicular networks. However, existing mobile ad hoc networking cannot be directly applied to vehicular networking due to differences in traffic conditions, mobility models and network topologies. On the other hand, hybrid architectures…

  4. Internet protocol-based emergency services

    CERN Document Server

    Schulzrinne, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Written by international experts in the field, this book covers the standards, architecture and deployment issues related to IP-based emergency services This book brings together contributions from experts on technical and operational aspects within the international standardisation and regulatory processes relating to routing and handling of IP-based emergency calls.  Readers will learn how these standards work, how various standardization organizations contributed to them and about pilot projects, early deployment and current regulatory situation. Key Featur

  5. Using risk contracting to reduce service use, improve quality, and strengthen primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazaroff, Alan

    2013-10-01

    The high costs of American health care, the related problem of the uninsured, and the grim fiscal prognosis of Medicare and Medicaid are among the most pressing challenges facing the United States today. A solution to the cost problem that does not reduce access or quality is sought by those at all points on the political spectrum. This article discusses the experience of an independent practice association that has collaborated with a related business partner and a health plan to improve the quality of care of 16,000 Medicare Advantage beneficiaries while substantially reducing hospitalization rates and overall service use. The capacity to reduce service use frees funds that are used to support the infrastructure for high-value care and to reward those who provide it. Higher performing primary care, supported by changes in payment, has driven a sustainable business model that preserves the option of independent practice for physicians. We are now testing competencies developed for Medicare Advantage in the Pioneer Accountable Care Organization program, which preserves the broad patient choice that is an important feature of traditional Medicare.

  6. Soft governance, restratification and the 2004 general medical services contract: the case of UK primary care organisations and general practice teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Suzanne; Ring, Adele; Gabbay, Mark; Guthrie, Bruce; McLean, Gary; Mair, Frances S; Watt, Graham; Heaney, David; O'Donnell, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    In the UK National Health Service, primary care organisation (PCO) managers have traditionally relied on the soft leadership of general practitioners based on professional self-regulation rather than direct managerial control. The 2004 general medical services contract (nGMS) represented a significant break from this arrangement by introducing new performance management mechanisms for PCO managers to measure and improve general practice work. This article examines the impact of nGMS on the governance of UK general practice by PCO managers through a qualitative analysis of data from an empirical study in four UK PCOs and eight general practices, drawing on Hood's four-part governance framework. Two hybrids emerged: (i) PCO managers emphasised a hybrid of oversight, competition (comptrol) and peer-based mutuality by granting increased support, guidance and autonomy to compliant practices; and (ii) practices emphasised a broad acceptance of increased PCO oversight of clinical work that incorporated a restratified elite of general practice clinical peers at both PCO and practice levels. Given the increased international focus on the quality, safety and efficiency in primary care, a key issue for PCOs and practices will be to achieve an effective, contextually appropriate balance between the counterposing governance mechanisms of peer-led mutuality and externally led comptrol.

  7. Contracts in distributed systems

    OpenAIRE

    Massimo Bartoletti; Emilio Tuosto; Roberto Zunino

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances ...

  8. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  9. In-house servicing of microprocessor-based and digital patient care equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Zvi, S; Casaregola, D; Weissenberg, G

    1985-01-01

    Servicing of microprocessor-based and digital patient care instrumentation presents a special challenge to the in-house clinical engineering program. The complexity of this instrumentation, the cost of test equipment and support materials, and continuing education needs are pressing concerns. Servicing methods available to clinical engineering include the use of manufacturer diagnostics and board or subassembly swapping. Test equipment, such as digital oscilloscopes, logic analyzers, signature analyzers, and logic probes, can also be used during repair, even to the component level. In some instances, clinical engineering may choose alternative service arrangements, such as fee-for-service, service contracts, or maintenance insurance. Clinical engineering must objectively evaluate its resources and the level of technical expertise within the department; a realistic maintenance program for microprocessor-based and digital patient care equipment can thus be developed and can result in significant cost savings.

  10. 48 CFR 2937.103-70 - Department of Labor checklist to aid analysis and review of requirements for service contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... to avoid overly restrictive specifications or performance standards? (2) Is the contract formulated... contract requirements and performance standards. (a) General. Following is a checklist to aid analysis and... performance? (3) Are the choices of contract type, quality assurance plan, competition strategy, or...

  11. The Effects of Temporary Services and Contracting Out on Low-Skilled Workers: Evidence from Auto Suppliers, Hospitals, and Public Schools. Staff Working Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickcek, George; Houseman, Susan; Kalleberg, Arne

    A study examined why employers use temporary agency and contract company workers and implications of these practices for wages, benefits, and working conditions of workers in low-skilled labor markets. Case studies in manufacturing (automotive supply), services (hospitals), and public sector (primary and secondary schools) industries defined the…

  12. Cross-organizational Service-based Workflows - Solution Strategies for Quality of Service Optimization

    OpenAIRE

    Eckert, Julian

    2009-01-01

    By the application of the Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) paradigm on business processes, workflows can be decomposed into basic activities that can be realized by reusable services offering a specific business functionality. In order to compose cross-organizational service-based workflows, services can be sourced from internal as well as from external providers. On a large service market, services are offered with varying Quality of Service (QoS) levels and several pricing models. Provid...

  13. Service encounters as bases for innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundbo, Jon; Sundbo, Donna; Henten, Anders

    2015-01-01

    customers with the innovating organization. Based on literature studies and pilot case studies, seven propositions are proposed and tested in a qualitative, hermeneutic way in field experiments in nine service organizations. Important new results are that encounter-based innovation requires mutual empathy...... between employees and customers, employees investing stubbornness and time can be a driver for innovation, and several layers of management can be a barrier. In the field experiments three new factors for encounter-based innovation were found: translation, multitasking, and hyper-professionalism. The two...

  14. On Web Services Based Cloud Interoperability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reeta Sony A.L

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Computing is a paradigm shift in the field of Computing. It is moving at an incredible fast pace and one of the fastest evolving domains of computer science today. It consist set of technology and service models that concentrates on the internet base use and delivery of IT applications, processing capability, storage and memory space. There is a shift from the traditional in-house servers and applications to the next generation of cloud computing applications. With many of the computer giants like Google, Microsoft, etc. entering into the cloud computing arena, there will be thousands of applications running on the cloud. There are several cloud environments available in the market today which support a huge consumer-base. Eventually this will lead to a multitude of standards, technologies and products being provided on the cloud. Consumers will need certain degrees of flexibility to use the cloud application/services of their choice and at the same time will need these applications/services to communicate with each other. This paper emphasizes cloud computing and provides a solution to achieve Interoperability, which is in the form of Web Services. The paper will also provide a Live Case Study where interoperability comes into play - Connecting Google App Engine and Microsoft Windows Azure Platform, two of the leading Cloud Platforms available today. GAE and WAP are two Cloud Frameworks which have very little in common, making interoperability an absolute necessary.

  15. Performance-based contracting in home-care work in The Netherlands: professionalism under pressure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oomkens, Rosanne; Hoogenboom, Marcel; Knijn, Trudie

    2016-07-01

    Our aim was to improve the understanding of the relationships between performance-based contracting, management supportiveness and professionalism in home care. Using path analysis, this article explores the relationships between home-care workers' perceptions of management support, implementation of performance-based contracting (i.e. use of strict time registration rules and cost-efficiency measures) and autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction. We hypothesised that: use of strict time registration rules and cost-efficiency measures relates to lower levels of autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction (H1); there is an indirect relationship between use of strict time registration rules and use of cost-efficiency measures and intrinsic job satisfaction via autonomy (H2); higher levels of management support relate to the use of looser time registration rules and less use of cost-efficiency measures (H3); and higher levels of management support relate to higher levels of autonomy and intrinsic job satisfaction (H4). We used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2010 of a sample of Dutch home-care workers (N = 156, response rate = 34%). Overall, our study suggests that the consequences of performance-based contracting for professionalism are ambiguous. More specifically, using strict time registration rules is related to lower levels of autonomy, whereas using cost-efficiency measures does not seem to affect autonomy (H1). Performance-based contracting has no consequences for the level of fulfilment home-care workers find in their job, as neither of the two contracting dimensions measured was directly or indirectly related to intrinsic job satisfaction (H1, H2). The role of managers must be taken into account when studying performance-based contracting, because perceived higher management support is related to managers' less frequent use of both strict time registration rules and of cost-efficiency measures (H3). The insight we gained into the importance of

  16. Electricity contract choices of Finnish residential customers. A choice based conjoint analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rouvinen, S.; Matero, J. (Univ. of Eastern Finland, Joensuu (Finland), School of Forest Sciences), e-mail: seppo.rouvinen@uef.fi, e-mail: jukka.matero@uef.fi

    2010-07-01

    Our aim is to examine how different environmental attributes of electricity contracts affect the residential customer choices when heterogeneity in customer preferences and motivations is taken into account. The data was acquired by a mail questionnaire to random sample of Finnish people in October-November 2009 with a response rate of 38 %. In addition to conventional questions, like questions on socio-demographic and agreements of energy related statements, the discrete choice experiment (DCE) of electricity contracts was included. The choice sets in the DCE had three electricity contract alternatives with varying levels of predetermined attributes (including unit price, supplier type, frequency of power outages, energy source and CO{sub 2} emissions). In this paper, we present the findings of our DCE design. Modeling respondent choices resulted in implicit prices for various electricity contract attributes that provide guidance for green marketing strategies of electricity suppliers and energy related informational activities of public institutions. We conclude that currently the potential for increasing demand-based environmental competitiveness from the wood electricity differentiation remains limited as we did not find any significant market segment of residential customers with strong preferences for wood over other sources of electricity (including 'mixture'). (orig.)

  17. Contract-Based Design of Embedded Systems Integrating Nominal Behavior and Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Kaiser

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The distributed design process for safety-critical embedded systems has become an increasingly difficult challenge: Electronic Control Units (ECUs in vehicles, for instance, participate in many vehicle functions, while each vehicle function, in turn, is spread across several ECUs. Many suppliers participate in systems design and many partial functions are reused from past projects, not always knowing the assumptions at the time of their development. In particular, efficient allocation of safety mechanisms and a sound safety case are difficult tasks for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs. Contract-based development has gained popularity as an approach for supporting distributed development by explicitly annotating assumptions and guarantees to components, but an integrated process covering specification of nominal behavior and safety has not been described so far. We present such an integrated development approach that encompasses the systematic breakdown of nominal system behavior using contracts, the consistent derivation of safety analysis by interpreting several types of contract violations as a specification for failure modes, and the subsequent integration of safety mechanisms that cover these failure modes through safety contracts. The approach equally fits hardware and software and is therefore applicable on the system level. We demonstrate it by an electric drive example. The extensibility of our approach towards Cyber Physical Systems, which compose themselves at runtime, is briefly outlined at the end of the article.

  18. Analysis and Protection of SIP based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Ferdous, Raihana

    2014-01-01

    Multimedia communications over IP are booming as they offer higher flexibility and more features than traditional voice and video services. IP telephony known as Voice over IP (VoIP) is one of the commercially most important emerging trends in multimedia communications over IP. Due to the flexibility and descriptive power, the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is becoming the root of many sessions-based applications such as VoIP and media streaming that are used by a growing number of use...

  19. Service Based Architecture for Manufacturing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    S. Nirmala Sugirtha Rajini; Dr . T . Bhuvaneswari

    2010-01-01

    SOA has been widely and quickly adopted in different organizations during recent years. SOA enables to solve integration complexity problem and facilitates broadscale interoperability and unlimited collaboration across the organization. In this paper we demonstrate how Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is important in Business Organizations based on a proposed architecture diagram and also, a case study is presented with the discussion about proposed SOA architecture in a manufacturing sector.

  20. Service Based Architecture for Manufacturing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nirmala Sugirtha Rajini

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available SOA has been widely and quickly adopted in different organizations during recent years. SOA enables to solve integration complexity problem and facilitates broadscale interoperability and unlimited collaboration across the organization. In this paper we demonstrate how Service Oriented Architecture (SOA is important in Business Organizations based on a proposed architecture diagram and also, a case study is presented with the discussion about proposed SOA architecture in a manufacturing sector.

  1. The Joy of Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegarty, Kevin

    This paper is a practical guide that explains and illustrates contracts between libraries and vendors for computerized circulation systems. It describes the elements of a typical contract to include the equipment and services that should be specified in the contract and establishes scheduling and acceptance testing needs. Included in a contract…

  2. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  3. Enhancing service discovery using cat swarm optimisation based web service clustering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaina Kotekar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Web service discovery is a critical task in service oriented application development. Due to extensive proliferation in the number of available services, it is challenging to obtain all the relevant services available for a given task. For the retrieval of most relevant Web services, a user would have to use those service-specific terms that best describe and match the natural language documentation contained within a service description. This process can be time intensive, due to functional diversity of available services in a repository. Domain specific clustering of Web Services based on the similarities of their functionalities would greatly boost the ability of a Web service search engine to retrieve the most relevant service. In this paper, we propose a novel technique to cluster service documents into functionally similar service groups using the Cat Swarm Optimisation Algorithm. We present experimental results that show that the proposed technique was effective and enhanced the process of service discovery.

  4. Evaluation Method of Power Recived Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tani, Shigeyuki; Nakagawa, Tadasuke; Akatsu, Masaharu; Komoda, Norihisa

    The electric power liberalization will expand. The method of judging the service selection is requested by customers. The method of comparing each energy unit price based on the average demanded is general. However, there are risks in customer's energy demand in the future. In the supply contract, there is freedom of contract changes according to demand changes. By this contract changes customers can avoid the risks. In this paper, we think that there was value in contract changes and we proposed the new method for analyzing the economy of this value.

  5. Influence Factor Analysis of Transaction Cost of Energy Service Contract%能源服务合同交易成本的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 章蓓蓓; 黄有亮

    2011-01-01

    Analyzes the influence factors of transaction costs of energy services contract,including asset specificity,complexity of project,degree of competition in energy services market and the institutional environment,points out the relationship between transaction costs and the various influence factors,puts forward the transaction costs of en-ergy service contract can be reduced by adjusting the factors influence.%分析能源服务合同交易成本的影响因素,包括资产专用性、项目复杂性、能源服务市场的竞争程度及制度环境的建设,并指出各种影响因素与交易成本的关系,提出可以通过对影响因素的改良来降低能源服务合同的交易成本。

  6. Life cycle cost-based risk model for energy performance contracting retrofits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghorn, George H.

    Buildings account for 41% of the primary energy consumption in the United States, nearly half of which is accounted for by commercial buildings. Among the greatest energy users are those in the municipalities, universities, schools, and hospitals (MUSH) market. Correctional facilities are in the upper half of all commercial building types for energy intensity. Public agencies have experienced reduced capital budgets to fund retrofits; this has led to the increased use of energy performance contracts (EPC), which are implemented by energy services companies (ESCOs). These companies guarantee a minimum amount of energy savings resulting from the retrofit activities, which in essence transfers performance risk from the owner to the contractor. Building retrofits in the MUSH market, especially correctional facilities, are well-suited to EPC, yet despite this potential and their high energy intensities, efficiency improvements lag behind that of other public building types. Complexities in project execution, lack of support for data requests and sub-metering, and conflicting project objectives have been cited as reasons for this lag effect. As a result, project-level risks must be understood in order to support wider adoption of retrofits in the public market, in particular the correctional facility sub-market. The goal of this research is to understand risks related to the execution of energy efficiency retrofits delivered via EPC in the MUSH market. To achieve this goal, in-depth analysis and improved understanding was sought with regard to ESCO risks that are unique to EPC in this market. The proposed work contributes to this understanding by developing a life cycle cost-based risk model to improve project decision making with regard to risk control and reduction. The specific objectives of the research are: (1) to perform an exploratory analysis of the EPC retrofit process and identify key areas of performance risk requiring in-depth analysis; (2) to construct a

  7. Performance Based Contracts in the Road Sector : Towards Improved Efficiency in the Management of Maintenance and Rehabilitation - Brazil's Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Lancelot, Eric

    2010-01-01

    This note aims at providing feedback on Brazil's successful experience in using performance based contracts in the rehabilitation and maintenance of the road networks. Since its introduction in the early 2000's, the use of this contract management model has progressively spread to reach, as of today, one third of the federal network and more than 10 percent of the states' networks, and exp...

  8. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas. (author)

  9. Best use of high-voltage, high-powered electron beams: a new approach to contract irradiation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, T.

    2000-03-01

    Japan's first high-voltage, high-powered electron beam processing center is scheduled to come on-line during the first half of 1999. The center explores both challenges and opportunities of how best to use the 200 kW 10 MeV unit and its 5 MeV X-ray line. In particular, Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (NFI) has expanded the traditional model of a contract irradiation facility to include a much broader scope of services such as door-to-door transport, storage, and direct distribution to its customer's end-users. The new business scope not only finds new value-added components in a competitive marketplace, but serves to provide a viable mechanism to take advantage of the processing logistics of high throughput irradiation units. As such, the center features a high-capacity warehousing system, monitored by a newly developed PCMS (plant control management system), which has been comprehensively integrated into the irradiation unit's handling system, and will require only minimal human resources for its high rate of material handling. The identification and development of initial markets for this first unit will be discussed, concluding with how this same operational philosophy can help break open new irradiation segments in medical devices, consumer goods, animal feed, and food markets and NFI's other efforts in these same areas.

  10. Co-creation of Innovations in ICT based service encounters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jannick Kirk; Henten, Anders

    2014-01-01

    Innovations in services often emanate from service encounters (i.e. the touch points between the service producers and the customers). Two different types of service encounters are dealt with: face-to-face and ICT-based service encounters. The aim of the chapter is to examine the specific...

  11. Proposal for the award of two contracts for the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN Site

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of two contracts for the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of two contracts with: 1. ACROTECNA (FR), the lowest bidder, for approximately 55% of the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site, for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 794 200 euros (1 239 006 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. 2. TECNICAS AERONAUTICAS MADRID (ES), the joint lowest bidder after alignment, for approximately 45% of the provision of mechanical design and draughting services on and off the CERN site, for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 1 013 730 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond...

  12. Independence, Security, and the intergenerational social contract: home-helper services and elder care in rural Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traphagan, John W

    2003-01-01

    For several years, demographic trends and changing ideas about responsibilities for elder care in Japan have contributed to the desire, or need, for families to seek out new care approaches. This article focuses on one alternative to traditional approaches to caring for elder family members--the home-helper program that is available through the Japanese long-term care insurance program. Using ethnographic data collected in northern Japan, it will be argued that the home-helper program forms a compensatory elder care system that is intended to augment family-provided care and social support, rather than to promote independent living. This compensatory approach to elder care is based upon an intergenerational social contract in which it is assumed that some degree of dependence on family members is both an expected and preferred outcome of growing old.

  13. Legal control of risk of contracting out government services%政府公共服务委托外包的风险及其规制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑旭辉

    2013-01-01

      作为政府履行公共职能的创新机制,公共服务委托外包在公共治理领域越来越普及。委托外包有助于解决政府财政困难、促进国家行政运行效率和公私合作,提高公共服务质量等功能。但委托外包过程中也会出现公私利益冲突、私人垄断、机会主义、权力寻租和管制俘获等问题。政府应采取明确民营化的界限、明确受委托人的资质标准、发挥法律的程序控制功能和加强政府的监管责任等多重手段对公共服务委托外包的过程进行规范。%As an innovative mechanism to fulfill public functions, contracting out government services becomes increasingly popular in the field of public management. Contracting out government services can solve financial difficulties of government and promote administrative efficiency, public–private partnership and quality of public services. However, contracting out government services can also lead to interests conflict of public–private, private monopoly, opportunism, rent-seeking and regulatory capture. The Government should take some measures such as defining of boundaries of privatization of government services and qualification standards of the entrustee, exerting control of legal procedures and strengthening government’s responsibilities to regulate contracting out government services.

  14. A Multi-dimension Qos based Local Service Selection Model for Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liurong Hong

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There are two service selection strategies in dynamic service composition, i.e., global strategy and local strategy. The existed global service selection algorithms, due to insufficiently show users’ partiality and feature of the service, is unfavorable to encourage the service provider to optimize the service quality to some extent. In this paper, an ordinary utility function is used as a numerical scale of ordering local services, and then a multi-dimension Qos based local service selection model is proposed to provide important grounds to choose superior service and sift inferior service. Secondly, subjective weight mode, objective weight mode, and subject-objective weight mode are constructed to not only determine the weight coefficient of each Qos criterion, but also show users’ partiality and the objectivity of service quality. At last, this model is proved to be flexibility and effective based on our SEWSCP (Semantic Enable Web Service Composition Platform.

  15. Enabling Indoor Location-Based Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radaelli, Laura

    of trajectory data that can be used to study how people actually use indoor spaces. In this dissertation, we contribute partial solutions that address challenges in indoor positioning and indoor trajectory management and analysis. The key enabler of indoor location-based services and indoor movement analysis......Indoor spaces have always attracted interest from different scientific disciplines. Relatively recent interest in indoor settings by computer scientists is driven in part by the increasing use of smartphones, which serve as a platform for service delivery and can generate extensive volumes...... positioning system. Second, we propose an implementation of the vision in the form of a prototype that integrates Wi-Fi and video cameras for positioning. Aggregation or abstraction are needed to be able to explore large volumes of indoor trajectory data. We present two contributions to extracting information...

  16. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this p......Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter...

  17. A Trust Model Based on Service Classification in Mobile Services

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Yang; Xia, Feng; Lv, Xiaoning; Bu, Fanyu

    2010-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) and B3G/4G communication are promoting the pervasive mobile services with its advanced features. However, security problems are also baffled the development. This paper proposes a trust model to protect the user's security. The billing or trust operator works as an agent to provide a trust authentication for all the service providers. The services are classified by sensitive value calculation. With the value, the user's trustiness for corresponding service can be obtained. For decision, three trust regions are divided, which is referred to three ranks: high, medium and low. The trust region tells the customer, with his calculated trust value, which rank he has got and which authentication methods should be used for access. Authentication history and penalty are also involved with reasons.

  18. NASA Cloud-Based Climate Data Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInerney, M. A.; Schnase, J. L.; Duffy, D. Q.; Tamkin, G. S.; Strong, S.; Ripley, W. D., III; Thompson, J. H.; Gill, R.; Jasen, J. E.; Samowich, B.; Pobre, Z.; Salmon, E. M.; Rumney, G.; Schardt, T. D.

    2012-12-01

    Cloud-based scientific data services are becoming an important part of NASA's mission. Our technological response is built around the concept of specialized virtual climate data servers, repetitive cloud provisioning, image-based deployment and distribution, and virtualization-as-a-service (VaaS). A virtual climate data server (vCDS) is an Open Archive Information System (OAIS) compliant, iRODS-based data server designed to support a particular type of scientific data collection. iRODS is data grid middleware that provides policy-based control over collection-building, managing, querying, accessing, and preserving large scientific data sets. We have deployed vCDS Version 1.0 in the Amazon EC2 cloud using S3 object storage and are using the system to deliver a subset of NASA's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) data products to the latest CentOS federated version of Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF), which is also running in the Amazon cloud. vCDS-managed objects are exposed to ESGF through FUSE (Filesystem in User Space), which presents a POSIX-compliant filesystem abstraction to applications such as the ESGF server that require such an interface. A vCDS manages data as a distinguished collection for a person, project, lab, or other logical unit. A vCDS can manage a collection across multiple storage resources using rules and microservices to enforce collection policies. And a vCDS can federate with other vCDSs to manage multiple collections over multiple resources, thereby creating what can be thought of as an ecosystem of managed collections. With the vCDS approach, we are trying to enable the full information lifecycle management of scientific data collections and make tractable the task of providing diverse climate data services. In this presentation, we describe our approach, experiences, lessons learned, and plans for the future.; (A) vCDS/ESG system stack. (B) Conceptual architecture for NASA cloud-based data services.

  19. Multidisciplinary Framework-Based Service Modeling Applied to Service Coursework and Business Planner Interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Nakamura, Kotaro; Ikawa, Yasuo

    2009-01-01

    Launching new high-value-added services calls forsystematic methodologies based on multidisciplinary frameworkenabling the transformation from service concept to real service.The collaboration of business planers from various kinds ofservice and the sharing and assignment among individuals/organization, goods/infrastructure, technology/system requirethe establishment of a common framework and service modelingapproaches based on multidisciplinary studies.The present paper applies the service m...

  20. Semantic web-based intelligent geospatial web services

    CERN Document Server

    Yue, Peng

    2013-01-01

    By introducing Semantic Web technologies into geospatial Web services, this book addresses the semantic description of geospatial data and standards-based Web services, discovery of geospatial data and services, and generation of composite services. Semantic descriptions for geospatial data, services, and geoprocessing service chains are structured, organized, and registered in geospatial catalogue services. The ontology-based approach helps to improve the recall and precision of data and services discovery. Semantics-enabled metadata tracking and satisfaction allows analysts to focus on the g

  1. Implementation of Agent Based Dynamic Distributed Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Damodaram

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of distributed computing implies a network / internet-work of independent nodes which are logically configured in such a manner as to be seen as one machine by an application. They have been implemented in many varying forms and configurations, for the optimal processing of data. Agents and multi-agent systems are useful in modeling complex distributed processes. They focus on support for (the development of large-scale, secure, and heterogeneous distributed systems. They are expected to abstract both hardware and software vis-à-vis distributed systems. For optimizing the use of the tremendous increase in processing power, bandwidth, and memory that technology is placing in the hands of the designer, a Dynamically Distributed Service (to be positioned as a service to a network / internet-work is proposed. The service will conceptually migrate an application on to different nodes. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of an inter-mobility (migration mechanism for agents. This migration is based on FIPA ACL messages. We also evaluate the performance of this implementation.

  2. Research on Adaptation of Service-based Business Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zongmin Shang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an adaptation mechanism based on adaptation planning graph for service-based business processes. First, a three-layer representation model of service-based business process is introduced. Second, control-flow patterns of tasks, goal, logic model of service-based business process and adaptation planning graph are introduced to enforce reliability of composite web services at run-time. Finally, a simulation example of adaptation in service-based business processes is given. Simulations prove that this approach can efficiently guarantee the reliability of composite services at run-time.  

  3. Contracting for Educational Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feir, Priscilla L.

    1996-01-01

    The three major players in the current efforts to privatize schools are the following companies: Education Alternatives, Inc., the Edison Project, and Public Strategies Group Inc. Explanations of their programs include core competencies, economic capability, technological capability, and strategic capability. (MLF)

  4. Proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing blanket contract for the supply of foundry services in quarter-micron CMOS technology for the LHC experiments

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the proposal to negotiate an amendment to an existing blanket contract for the supply of foundry services in quarter-micron CMOS technology for the LHC experiments. For the reasons explained in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of an amendment to the blanket contract for the supply of foundry services in quarter-micron CMOS technology with the company IBM TECHNOLOGY GROUP (CH), formerly IBM ITALIA (IT), for an extension of the period of validity from five to eight years and for an amount exceeding the previously authorised amount of 8 500 000 US dollars by up to 6 500 000 US dollars, not subject to revision, bringing the total contract amount to a maximum amount of 15 000 000 US dollars, not subject to revision. At the present rate of exchange, the total amended amount of the blanket contract is equivalent to approximately 19 800 000 Swiss francs. This requirement will be financed by the collaborating institutes of the LHC experiments and by CER...

  5. Implementation of Location based Services in Android using GPS and Web Services

    OpenAIRE

    Manav Singhal; Anupam Shukla

    2012-01-01

    Location based Services offer many advantages to the mobile users to retrieve the information about their current location and process that data to get more useful information near to their location. With the help of A-GPS in phones and through Web Services using GPRS, Location based Services can be implemented on Android based smart phones to provide these value-added services: advising clients of current traffic conditions, providing routing information, helping them find nearby hotels. In ...

  6. 7 CFR 800.198 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 800.198 Section 800.198 Agriculture..., Designations, Approvals, Contracts, and Conflicts of Interest § 800.198 Contracts. (a) Services contracted and who may apply. The Service may enter into a contract with any person, State, or governmental agency...

  7. 48 CFR 837.403 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 837.403... OF CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Nonpersonal Health Care Services 837.403 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.237-7, Indemnification and medical liability insurance,...

  8. Web Services-Based Test Report Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Ling; BAI Xiaoying

    2005-01-01

    Tests involving a large number of test cases and test scenarios are always time- and effort-intensive, and use ad hoc approaches. Test management is needed to control the complexity and the quality of the testing of large software systems. The reporting mechanism is critical for monitoring the testing progress, analyzing test results, and evaluating the test effectiveness for a disciplined testing process throughout the testing lifecycle. This paper presents an XML-based report generation method for large system testing. The service-oriented architecture enables flexible test report generation, presentation, and exchange to facilitate collaboration in a distributed environment. The results show that proper reporting can effectively improve the visibility of the testing process and that this web-based approach is critical to enhance communication among multiple testing groups.

  9. An NFC-based Scenic Service System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Ma

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the characteristics that NFC devices can read and write specific tags and readers, three programs are proposed using NFC mobile phones to interact with the deployed tags and readers for acquiring information of the current attraction and attractions nearby. A kind of check-in and scoring mechanism is also designed which can be efficient and effective for users to upload scores for popular attractions recommendation, and its correctness has been verified by formula derivation. Then a cross-platform interactive NFC-based service system is designed and implemented on platforms of Android phones, servers and PC clients according to these programs and the mechanism. By testing the time consumption of each operation and comparing three programs, the system performance proves to be fine and can meet actual use.

  10. Location-based Services using Image Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vertongen, Pieter-Paulus; Hansen, Dan Witzner

    2008-01-01

    Recent developments in image search has made them sufficiently efficient to be used in real-time applications. GPS has become a popular navigation tool. While GPS information provide reasonably good accuracy, they are not always present in all hand held devices nor are they accurate in all...... situations, for example in urban environments. We propose a system to provide location-based services using image searches without requiring GPS. The goal of this system is to assist tourists in cities with additional information using their mobile phones and built-in cameras. Based upon the result...... of the image search engine and database image location knowledge, the location is determined of the query image and associated data can be presented to the user....

  11. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  12. Study on the Improvement of Performance of Global Supply Chain Based on Quantity Flexibility Revenue Sharing Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; LIU

    2015-01-01

    The main propose of this study is to manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time. Based on a two-echelon decentralized global supply chain,combined with the model equilibrium,this paper studies the difference between the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract. By the transmitting of exchange rate risk,it discusses the node-enterprises’ optimal strategies. Hence,it designs a quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract to improve the performance of this global supply chain. The result shows that both the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract cause the exchange rate risk to transfer from one enterprise to the other; the exchange rate risk will have different impact on the quantity flexibility contract and the revenue sharing contract because of the difference in the transfer payments at the end of the sales season; by designing a hedging strategy with these two different transfer payments,the quantity-flexibility-revenue-sharing contract can manage the demand risk and the exchange rate risk at the same time.

  13. 48 CFR 32.113 - Customary contract financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Non-Commercial Item Purchase Financing 32.113... contracts for supplies or services awarded under the competitive negotiation method of procurement...

  14. An Approach for Composing Services Based on Environment Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangjun Cai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is revolutionizing the modern computing paradigms with its aim to boost software reuse and enable business agility. Under this paradigm, new services are fabricated by composing available services. The problem arises as how to effectively and efficiently compose heterogeneous services facing the high complexity of service composition. Based on environment ontology, this paper introduces a requirement-driven service composition approach. We propose the algorithms to decompose the requirement, the rules to deduct the relation between services, and the algorithm for composing service. The empirical results and the comparison with other services’ composition methodologies show that this approach is feasible and efficient.

  15. Community-Based Occupational Therapy Services for Children: A Quebec Survey on Service Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotellesso, Annie; Mazer, Barbara; Majnemer, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Community-based occupational therapy (OT) services are intended to promote social integration and minimize disability. The objective of this study was to describe community-based OT services for children in the province of Quebec, Canada. Specific aims included (a) to determine the proportion of Centres Locaux de Services Communautaires (CLSCs)…

  16. Automatic web services classification based on rough set theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立; 张英; 宋自林; 苗壮

    2013-01-01

    With development of web services technology, the number of existing services in the internet is growing day by day. In order to achieve automatic and accurate services classification which can be beneficial for service related tasks, a rough set theory based method for services classification was proposed. First, the services descriptions were preprocessed and represented as vectors. Elicited by the discernibility matrices based attribute reduction in rough set theory and taking into account the characteristic of decision table of services classification, a method based on continuous discernibility matrices was proposed for dimensionality reduction. And finally, services classification was processed automatically. Through the experiment, the proposed method for services classification achieves approving classification result in all five testing categories. The experiment result shows that the proposed method is accurate and could be used in practical web services classification.

  17. A Multidisciplinary Osteoporosis Service-Based Action Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehead, Dean; Keast, John; Montgomery, Val; Hayman, Sue

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To investigate an existing Trust-based osteoporosis service's preventative activity, determine any issues and problems and use this data to reorganise the service, as part of a National Health Service Executive/Regional Office-commissioned and funded study. Setting: A UK Hospital Trust's Osteoporosis Service. Design & Method: A…

  18. GEMBus as a service oriented platform for cloud-based composable services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Grammatikou; C. Marinos; Y. Demchenko; D.R. Lopez; K. Dombek; J. Jofre

    2011-01-01

    Cloud computing has become a common technology for provisioning infrastructure services on-demand. Modern Cloud platforms can provide cloud-based applications, software, deployment platforms, or general infrastructure services that may include both computational and storage resources. However existi

  19. An Empirical Study on Testing of SOA based Services

    OpenAIRE

    Abhishek Kumar; Manindra Singh

    2014-01-01

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) removed the gap between software and business. Today, there is a business transformation among enterprises and they adopt a service based information technology (IT) model. So, testing is necessary for SOA based applications. This paper investigates different type of approaches and techniques that address the testing problems of SOA based services. Here we also investigate the differences between SOA and web services and traditional testing and SOA testing....

  20. The Research on Web Service based Network Management

    OpenAIRE

    Wenli Dong

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes Web Service based network management. The Web Service based network management system is analyzed. It consists of network management layer, collaborative management implementation layer, and management function layer mainly. The complex management network tasks can be accomplished respectively by more than one Web Service distributed on Internet and the Web Services interchange information based on XML message. The SNMP/XML gateway and the translation between GDMO/ASN.1 an...

  1. Charging of SAML-based federated VoIP services

    OpenAIRE

    Lutz, D J; Lamp, D; Mandic, P; Hecht, F.; Stiller, B.

    2010-01-01

    Whilst SAML-based federations are most often used by academic and semi-commercial institutions that focus only on attribute-based authentication, we foresee a growing interest for service providers providing charged services. Since more and more academic and semi-commercial federation participants offer Voice-over-IP (VoIP) services, this type of service provides an entry point into identity federation based payment. Therefore, this paper describes an approach on how to h...

  2. 76 FR 27092 - Public Availability of the National Endowment for the Humanities FY 2010 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... made in FY 2010. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are... November 5, 2010 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP)....

  3. 78 FR 9071 - Public Availability of the National Endowment for the Humanities FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    .... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout... and December 19, 2011 by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement...

  4. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    When you have stable and non-ambiguous requirements then a classic contract for IS between a supplier and a public sector institution based on a requirements specification may be well suited. However, if you have to accept many changes or have ambiguous requirements then you may end up...... with “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how...... to implement a fixed budget and resources contract in the public sector. The guideline includes elements to cope with challenges in a tender process such as transparency, criteria for supplier selection, and live assessment of resource skills and capabilities, as well as achieving the flexibility for change...

  5. Optimal Medical Equipment Maintenance Service Proposal Decision Support System combining Activity Based Costing (ABC) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Leticia; Sloane, Elliot; M Bassani, Jose

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a framework to support the choice of the maintenance service (in-house or third party contract) for each category of medical equipment based on: a) the real medical equipment maintenance management system currently used by the biomedical engineering group of the public health system of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas located in Brazil to control the medical equipment maintenance service, b) the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method, and c) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results show the cost and performance related to each type of maintenance service. Decision-makers can use these results to evaluate possible strategies for the categories of equipment. PMID:17281912

  6. Optimal Medical Equipment Maintenance Service Proposal Decision Support System combining Activity Based Costing (ABC) and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Leticia; Sloane, Elliot; M Bassani, Jose

    2005-01-01

    This study describes a framework to support the choice of the maintenance service (in-house or third party contract) for each category of medical equipment based on: a) the real medical equipment maintenance management system currently used by the biomedical engineering group of the public health system of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas located in Brazil to control the medical equipment maintenance service, b) the Activity Based Costing (ABC) method, and c) the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Results show the cost and performance related to each type of maintenance service. Decision-makers can use these results to evaluate possible strategies for the categories of equipment.

  7. 77 FR 54924 - Temporary Concession Contract for the Operation of Lodging, Food and Beverage and Retail Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... Retail Services in Canyon de Chelly National Mounument AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION... a term not to exceed 3 years. The visitor services include lodging, food and beverage and...

  8. Implementation of Location based Services in Android using GPS and Web Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manav Singhal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Location based Services offer many advantages to the mobile users to retrieve the information about their current location and process that data to get more useful information near to their location. With the help of A-GPS in phones and through Web Services using GPRS, Location based Services can be implemented on Android based smart phones to provide these value-added services: advising clients of current traffic conditions, providing routing information, helping them find nearby hotels. In this paper, we propose the implementation of Location based services through Google Web Services and Walk Score Transit APIs on Android Phones to give multiple services to the user based on their Location.

  9. Interface-Based Service Composition with Aggregation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalla Preda, Mila; Gabbrielli, Maurizio; Guidi, Claudio;

    2012-01-01

    Service-oriented architectures (SOAs) usually comprehend in-the-middle entities such as proxies or service mediators that compose services abstracting from the order in which they exchange messages. Although widely used, these entities are usually implemented by means of ad-hoc solutions. In this...

  10. Ontology-based Cloud Services Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Ali

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The advancement of cloud computing has enabled service providers to provide diversity of cloud services to users with different attributes at a range of costs. Finding the suitable service from the increasing numbers of cloud services that satisfy the user requirements such as performance, cost and security has become a big challenge. The variety on services description none uniformed naming conventions and the heterogeneous types and features of cloud services led to make the cloud service discovery a hard problem. Therefore, an intelligent service discovery system is necessary for searching and retrieving appropriate services accurately and quickly. Many studies have been conducted to discover the cloud services using different techniques, such as ontology model and agents technology. The existing ontology for cloud services does not cover the cloud concepts and it is intended to be used for specific tasks only. This study represents the cloud concepts in a comprehensive way that can be used for cloud services discovery or cloud computing management.

  11. Research on e-learning services based on ontology theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rui

    2013-07-01

    E-learning services can realize network learning resource sharing and interoperability, but they can't realize automatic discovery, implementation and integration of services. This paper proposes a framework of e-learning services based on ontology, the ontology technology is applied to the publication and discovery process of e-learning services, in order to realize accurate and efficient retrieval and utilization of e-learning services.

  12. An Empirical Study on Testing of SOA based Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA removed the gap between software and business. Today, there is a business transformation among enterprises and they adopt a service based information technology (IT model. So, testing is necessary for SOA based applications. This paper investigates different type of approaches and techniques that address the testing problems of SOA based services. Here we also investigate the differences between SOA and web services and traditional testing and SOA testing. Various testing levels are also discussed in detail. This paper also expresses various testing perspectives, challenges of SOA testing and review the many testing approaches and identify the problems that improve the testability of SOA based services.

  13. A New Approach Regarding the Legal Contract Lesion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sache Neculaescu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Why not agreeing upon a contract based on misbalanced services: because the party benefiting from an excessive service unlawfully exploited the precarious situation of the other party as a result of whom came to accept an unfair contract, or because contractual balance must be an essential feature of which and every contract with clearly established services? Which of the two reasons mentioned above is more important in terms of current contractual discipline? These are two questions which, no matter what answers will get, will involve an important matter of choice, in relation to which it will be possible to assess correctly the solutions proposed by the new Romanian Civil Code, as well as by the main bills on Europeancodification of contract law. The present study upholds the idea of misbalanced services only if it constitutes rather a remedy for a contractual problem, if it is oriented towards the legitimate interests of the most vulnerable party of that contract and less interested in sanctioning the guilty conduct of the person who tookadvantage from an excessive service. As a consequence, we support the objective perspective in what misbalanced services are concerned, a reason for which we shall be making a few comments on some of thenew legal provisions, by referring to the main bills on the European codification of contract law, and stating later on a few de lege ferenda proposals, in terms of contracts based on misbalanced services.

  14. Psychological Contracts and Their Implications for Commitment: A Feature-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    McInnis, Kate J.; Meyer, John P.; Feldman, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Two studies were conducted to examine the link between employee perceptions of the psychological contract and their affective and normative commitments to the organization. The authors adapt a new approach to the study of psychological contracts by developing a generalizable measure of "contract features" (e.g., scope; time frame). In Study 1…

  15. Foundations of IT service management based on ITIL V2

    CERN Document Server

    Van Bon, Jan

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, IT Service Management has developed into a field in its own right. Organizations are now so dependent on the automation of large parts of their business processes that the quality of IT services and the synchronization of these services with the needs of the organization are now essential to their survival.This introduction to IT Service Management, published by ITSMF-NL, is based on the latest edition of the ITIL books on Service Support and Service Delivery and is intended to serve as: A thorough and convenient introduction to the field of IT Service Management and a

  16. Volume of Home and Community Based Services and...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Volume of Home- and Community-Based Services and Time to Nursing-Home Placement The purpose of this study was to determine whether the volume of Home and Community...

  17. Three-Level Supply Chain Coordination under Disruptions Based on Revenue-Sharing Contract with Price Dependent Demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qinghua Pang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the market demand is stochastic and dependent on price, this paper shows that the revenue-sharing contract could coordinate a three-level supply chain consisting of one manufacturer, one distributor, and one retailer under normal environment. However, the original revenue-sharing contract cannot coordinate the supply chain under disruptions in circumstances of certain incidents leading to significant changes in market demand and causing additional deviation costs. To solve the problem, this essay introduces two improved forms of revenue-sharing contract: a mixed contract form based on a quantity discount policy and a pure form, which are characterized by antidisruption ability. The model of improved revenue-sharing contract is optimized when the market demand is in the additive form or in the multiplicative form with price dependent demand. Formulas are given to calculate the optimal contract parameters. Finally, this essay demonstrates the accuracy of the model of improved revenue-sharing contract with the help of numerical examples.

  18. Criteria of enterprise marketing service base forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Bilovodska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to characterize basic personnel analysis methods, to propose own criteria which help to perform complex personnel evaluation by different departments. The results of the analysis. This article is based on the investigation of specialized literature regarding different personnel evaluation methods. Implementation of marketing concept in business requires corresponding service that examines marketing environment, analyzing market situation. It provides advice for successful existence in the market. Such functions must be performed by marketing department. Marketing department with other divisions forms an integrated process which aims to meet the market demand. Managers and leading specialists of marketing must satisfy the general requirements (competence, the ability to manage themselves, skills to solve problems, ability to train employees, etc.. Besides, they must satisfy a number of specific requirements that are specific. These requirements include: systematic knowledge, erudition, high analytical quality, communication, and diplomacy, ability to predict the situation and to make an effective decisions, ability to resolve conflicts. Personnel evaluation methods are divided into objective and subjective. Narrative techniques are dominated among objective. These methods can be used in various forms: as appliances of arbitrary description, structured descriptions, self-evaluation, and evaluation of defined objectives and in critical cases. Subjective methods usually cover comparative techniques that give relative knowledge: ranking, paired comparison and theoretical distribution. Complex methods combine several techniques that can’t be attributed only to the objective or only to the subjective methods. For example, sheet valuation, “model 360°”, personal portfolio. Authors suggested the following criteria of personnel evaluation: evaluation of marketing services; evaluation of individual

  19. Joint Venture Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Pimentel, Dinarco

    2015-01-01

    Joint Venture contracts are contracting models typically designed to reach international markets. In spite of being used at the national level, a joint venture is based on single or multiple contracts between two individuals, two institutions, two organizations or two different entrepreneurial entities joining forces, meeting synergies to reach a common goal.Initially, these types of contracts were justifiable based on the need of different economic agents penetrating the most inaccessible ma...

  20. MDA-Based 3G Service Creation Approach and Telecom Service Domain Meta-Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAO Xiu-quan; LI Xiao-feng; LI Yan

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a model-driven 3G service creation approach based on model driven architecture technology.The focus of the paper is the methodology of designing telecommunication service-related meta-model and its profile implementation mechanism. This approach enhances the reusability of applications through separation of service logic models from concrete open application programming interface technologies and implementation technologies.

  1. Analyzing e-service quality in service-based website by E-SERVQUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Nemati

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, two-way communication via web-based exchanges has been a popular method for different activities such as electronic transaction, publication, broadcasting, and other service applications. However, it is always necessary to measure the performance quality of web services using different technique such as e-SERVQUAL model. The proposed study of this paper uses this technique for measuring the quality of Iranian university e-services. The proposed study distributes a standard questionnaire among students who use this service through internet. The results indicate that only efficiency and online service quality in the e-service system are desirable. Managerial implications are represented.

  2. The Research on Web Service based Network Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenli Dong

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes Web Service based network management. The Web Service based network management system is analyzed. It consists of network management layer, collaborative management implementation layer, and management function layer mainly. The complex management network tasks can be accomplished respectively by more than one Web Service distributed on Internet and the Web Services interchange information based on XML message. The SNMP/XML gateway and the translation between GDMO/ASN.1 and XML/Schema are designed and implemented to implement the integration between the legacy network management systems and the network management developed by Web Service technologies. The service management in Web Service based network management is discussed. Service composition/re-composition in Web Service based network management is analyzed based on the QoS requirements negotiation between the network management requirements and the statement of Web Service and network, OWL-S being used to described the network management requirements to discover the suitable Web Service, BPEL being used to describe the Web Service composition.

  3. QoS Based Dynamic Web Services Composition & Execution

    CERN Document Server

    Khan, Farhan Hassan; Javed, M Younus; Khan, Aihab; Khiyal, Malik Sikandar Hayat

    2010-01-01

    The use of web services has dominated software industry. Existing technologies of web services are extended to give value added customized services to customers through composition. Automated web service composition is a very challenging task. This paper proposed the solution of existing problems and proposed a technique by combination of interface based and functionality based rules. The proposed framework also solves the issues related to unavailability of updated information and inaccessibility of web services from repository/databases due to any fault/failure. It provides updated information problem by adding aging factor in repository/WSDB (Web Services Database) and inaccessibility is solved by replication of WSDB. We discussed data distribution techniques and proposed our framework by using one of these strategies by considering quality of service issues. Finally, our algorithm eliminates the dynamic service composition and execution issues, supports web service composition considering QoS (Quality of ...

  4. STUDY& ANALYSIS OF CLOUD BASED ERP SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Sharma

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research paper is to explore the knowledge of the existing studies related to cloud computing current trend. The outcome of my work will be demonstrated in the form of diagram which will exemplify the ERP integration process for in-house and cloud eco-system. It will provide a conceptual view to the new client or entrepreneurs using ERP services and explain them how to deal with two stages of ERP systems (cloud and in-house. Also suggest how to improve knowledge about ERP services and implementation process for both stages. The work recommends which ERP services can be outsourced over the cloud. Cloud ERP is a mix of standard ERP services along with cloud flexibility and low cost to afford these services. This is a recent phenomenon in enterprise service offering. For most of non IT background entrepreneurs it is unclear and broad concept, since all the research work related to it are done in couple of years. Most of cloud ERP vendors describe their products as straight forward tasks. The process and selection of Cloud ERP Services and vendors is not clear. This research work draws a framework for selecting non-core business process from preferred ERP service partners. It also recommends which ERP services outsourced first over the cloud, and the security issues related to data or information moved out from company premises to the cloud eco-system.

  5. BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SERVICE BASED ON ADAPTIVE USER MODELING AND GROUPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinhyung Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we suggest the mobile business intelligence service based on adaptive recognition of user intention and usage patterns. This service is named as InSciTe adaptive and based on text mining and semantic web technologies. This service supports not only technology-focusing analysis and prediction but also adaptive recognition about user’s intention by semi-automatic user modeling process. By the adaptive user modeling, this service can provide more suitable service flow and more proper analysis results based on user’s intention.

  6. Policy-based Self-Adaptive Media Service Architecture for Reliable Multimedia Service Provisioning

    OpenAIRE

    G. Maria kalavathy; N. Edison Rathinam; P. Seethalakshmi

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to design and develop the Self-Adaptive Media Service Architecture (SAMSA) for providing reliable multimedia services through policy-based actions. The distributed multimedia services deployed using SOA can be accessed in heterogeneous environments that are prone to changes during run-time. To provide reliable multimedia services, a powerful self-adaptable architecture is necessary to adapt at run time and react to the environment. The adaptability in this ...

  7. SMP-Based Approach for Intelligent Service Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam AlHakami

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is establishing itself as a new computing paradigm in which services advertise their capabilities within a network, and then are used, composed and orchestrated by other services and end-users. Whilst many approaches to matching service providers with consumers of their services have been developed in the past, the proposed approach in this paper takes a different view of the problem in that it does not look for the fittest individual utility, but views it as a constrained optimisation problem that matches between a set of services and a set of service requests. Our approach addresses this problem using an adaptation of the well known stable-marriage problem and demonstrates how matching between services and requests to a certain threshold can be expressed. This will contribute a fair assignment between services and requests based on their preferences. As the current state of the service selection process considers only the view of requests, the proposed approach can ensure several features to the services such as service protection and service quality, e.g. it can ensure the preservation of service availability by redirecting a coming request to a similar service if the current service is busy.

  8. Cloud-based Collaborative Business Services Provision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Camarinha-Matos; H. Afsarmanesh; A.I. Oliveira; F. Ferrada

    2013-01-01

    The notion of service-enhanced product, representing the association of services to manufactured products, offers an important mechanism for value creation and product differentiation. This is particularly relevant in the case of complex, highly customized and long-life products. Provision of suitab

  9. Contract Teachers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Sangeeta; Pandey, Priyanka

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we use non-experimental data from government schools in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, two of the largest Indian states, to present average school outcomes by contract status of teachers. We find that contract teachers are associated with higher effort than civil service teachers with permanent tenures, before as well as after…

  10. 78 FR 12422 - Public Availability of the Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... actions over $25,000. The inventory information is organized by function to show how contracted resources... guidance issued on November 5, 2010, and updated on December 19, 2011, by the Office of Management and... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marilyn Harris, Director of Procurement Policy and Warrant Management...

  11. 48 CFR 247.573-1 - Ocean transportation incidental to a contract for supplies, services, or construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Business Management Directorate, MSC; or (ii) The Commander, Military Surface Deployment and Distribution (SDDC), through the SDDC global e-mailbox sddc.ops.ffw@us.army.mil and the Principal Assistant... Commander, MSC, through the Contracts and Business Management Directorate, MSC; or (B) The...

  12. A model-based approach to service creation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Quartel, Dick A.C.; Sinderen, van Marten J.; Ferreira Pires, Luis

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents a model-based approach to support service creation. In this approach, services are assumed to be created from (available) software components. The creation process may involve multiple design steps in which the requested service is repeatedly decomposed into more detailed functio

  13. A framework for Internet service evolution based on active object

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Hua; ZHANG Yang

    2006-01-01

    The wide use of Internet Service in distributed computing and e-business has made the evolution of Internet Service to be one of the most prevalent research fields in software development domain. Traditional methods for software development cannot adapt to the challenge of Internet Service oriented software development. In this paper, we propose a new paradigm for the evolution of Internet Service with active objects from the characteristics of Internet Service and principles of active objects. The paradigm uses an automatic monitoring mechanism of active object to detect and process evolution requirement in system based on Internet Service.

  14. Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, M. N. Susantha

    The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is

  15. Photoplethysmography-Based Method for Automatic Detection of Premature Ventricular Contractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solosenko, Andrius; Petrenas, Andrius; Marozas, Vaidotas

    2015-10-01

    This work introduces a method for detection of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) in photoplethysmogram (PPG). The method relies on 6 features, characterising PPG pulse power, and peak-to-peak intervals. A sliding window approach is applied to extract the features, which are later normalized with respect to an estimated heart rate. Artificial neural network with either linear and non-linear outputs was investigated as a feature classifier. PhysioNet databases, namely, the MIMIC II and the MIMIC, were used for training and testing, respectively. After annotating the PPGs with respect to synchronously recorded electrocardiogram, two main types of PVCs were distinguished: with and without the observable PPG pulse. The obtained sensitivity and specificity values for both considered PVC types were 92.4/99.9% and 93.2/99.9%, respectively. The achieved high classification results form a basis for a reliable PVC detection using a less obtrusive approach than the electrocardiography-based detection methods. PMID:26513800

  16. Cooperation and Game between Producers and Managers Based on the Linear Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianglan Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a cooperative game between the manager and the producer in the enterprise. In this paper, we firstly construct the cooperative game model based on the principal-agent theory. Under the conditions of Nash equilibrium and linear contract, the paper calculates the net income of the client, the total risk and welfare of the agents when the agents have the cooperation or not. The result shows that the correlation coefficient between their output has a direct relationship with the cooperation. Secondly, according to the power distribution theory another model is developed. We analyze the game process and critical state. Furthermore, we deduce the share proportion of the profit and the control size when they have the cooperation. Finally, we summarize all the research achievements, which are of universal significance for the practical cooperation game problems.

  17. Iterated non-linear model predictive control based on tubes and contractive constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo, M; Sánchez, G; Giovanini, L

    2016-05-01

    This paper presents a predictive control algorithm for non-linear systems based on successive linearizations of the non-linear dynamic around a given trajectory. A linear time varying model is obtained and the non-convex constrained optimization problem is transformed into a sequence of locally convex ones. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is addressed adding a convex contractive constraint. To account for linearization errors and to obtain more accurate results an inner iteration loop is added to the algorithm. A simple methodology to obtain an outer bounding-tube for state trajectories is also presented. The convergence of the iterative process and the stability of the closed-loop system are analyzed. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in controlling a quadcopter type unmanned aerial vehicle.

  18. Beyond products: services-based strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, J B; Doorley, T L; Paquette, P C

    1990-01-01

    Services technologies are changing the way companies in every industry--manufacturers and service providers alike--compete. Vertical integration, physical facilities, even a seemingly superior product can no longer assure a competitive edge. Instead, sustainable advantage is more and more likely to come from developing superior capabilities in a few core service skills--and out-sourcing as much of the rest as possible. Within companies, technology is increasing the leverage of service activities: today, more value added comes from design innovations, product image, or other attributes that services create than from the production process. New technologies also let independent enterprises provide world-class services at lower costs than customers could achieve if they performed the activities themselves. These changes have far-reaching implications for how managers structure their organizations and define strategic focus. Companies like Apple, Honda, and Merck show that a less integrated but more focused organization is key to competitive success. They build their strategies around a few highly developed capabilities. And they outsource as many of the other activities in their value chain as possible. To help managers develop an activity-focused strategy, the authors offer a new way to approach competitive analyses, guidelines for determining which activities to outsource and which to retain, and an overview of the risks and rewards of strategic outsourcing. Throughout, they draw on the findings of their three-year study of the major impacts technology has had in the service sector.

  19. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to include a new International Business Reply Service (IBRS... Postal Service seeks to include a new International Business Reply Service (IBRS) agreement (Agreement... a Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3...

  20. Integrating GIS Web services based on mediating architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Guan-hua; HAN Liang; MA Xiu-jun; XIE Kun-qing; CHEN Zhuo

    2004-01-01

    The geographic information service is enabled by the advancements in general Web service technology and the focused efforts of the OGC in defining XML-based Web GIS service. Based on these models, this paper addresses the issue of services chaining,the process of combining or pipelining results from several interoperable GIS Web Services to create a customized solution. This paper presents a mediated chaining architecture in which a specific service takes responsibility for performing the process that describes a service chain. We designed the Spatial Information Process Language (SIPL) for dynamic modeling and describing the service chain, also a prototype of the Spatial Information Process Execution Engine (SIPEE) is implemented for executing processes written in SIPL. Discussion of measures to improve the functionality and performance of such system will be included.

  1. SERVICE-AWARE BASED FUZZY ADMISSION CONTROL SCHEME IN MULTI-SERVICE NETWORKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiu Gongan; Zhang Shunyi; Liu Shidong

    2007-01-01

    Multi-service aggregated transmission is the direction of IP network. Providing different Quality of Service (QoS) assurance for different services has become a crucial problem in future network.Admission control is a vital function for multi-service IP network. This paper proposes a novel fuzzy admission control scheme based on coarse granularity service-aware technique. Different service has discriminative sensitivity to the same QoS characteristic parameter in general. The traffic class can be perceived by the service request parameter and the proposed QoS function. And requirements of different applications can be met by maintaining the life parameter. From simulation results, the proposed scheme shows a better QoS provisioning than those traditional fuzzy logic based methods under the same admission probability.

  2. Web Service Description and Discovery Based on Semantic Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xuemei; XU Lizhen; DONG Yisheng; WANG Yongli

    2006-01-01

    A novel semantic model of Web service description and discovery was proposed through an extension for profile model of Web ontology language for services (OWL-S) in this paper.Similarity matching of Web services was implemented through computing weighted summation of semantic similarity value based on specific domain ontology and dynamical satisfy extent evaluation for quality of service (QoS).Experiments show that the provided semantic matching model is efficient.

  3. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the upper chambers of the ... and Privacy Policy Arrhythmia • ... Disorders Premature Contractions Tachycardia Ventricular Fibrillation Other Rhythm Disorders Types of ...

  4. Evidence of long term muscle fatigue following prolonged intermittent contractions based on mechano- and electromyograms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, K; Blangsted, A K; Jørgensen, L V;

    2003-01-01

    performance of the biceps muscle are more strongly reflected in low than in high force test contractions, more prominent in the MMG than in the EMG signal and less pronounced following contractions controlled by visual compared to proprioceptive feedback. Further, it was investigated if fatigue induced by 30...... with visual and proprioceptive feedback. EMG, MMG, and force were evaluated during isometric test contractions at 5% and 80% MVC before prolonged contraction and after 10 and 30 min of recovery. MVC decreased significantly after the fatiguing exercise in all three sessions and was still decreased even after...

  5. LEGAL BASES OF INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhireeva A. S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article some features of legal regulation of the institute of public service are considered. The analysis of the norms of the service rights establishing the special administrative legal status of public servants is carried out. The author investigated the considerable list of the pre-revolutionary, soviet and modern legal literature devoted to topical issues of institute of public service. The main concept of this article is that the institute of public service is considered by us from a systemic position. For example, the content of the concept of "state position" from the point of view of both standard the contents, and opinions of representatives of the scientific doctrine is revealed. The author's definition of the legal category "state position" is offered. Besides, various concepts of understanding of the concept "public service" are presented in article. Thus the author paid attention to the fact that earlier in the domestic legislation there was no common opinion and standard establishment of the legal category of "public service". The main signs of the state position by the legislation of the Russian Empire are given in article. It is noted that in pre-revolutionary Russia legislators had identified the concepts of "public servant" and "official". This approach, according to the author, wasn't the advantage of the pre-revolutionary legislation, testifying to the low level of legislative equipment

  6. 77 FR 71642 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Services 3 contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses... Expedited Package Services (GEPS) 3 contract (Contract).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39...

  7. 48 CFR 317.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 317.204 Section 317.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 317.204 Contracts. (e) The total of the basic and...

  8. Verifying Service Choreography Model Based on Description Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minggang Yu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Web Services Choreography Description Language lacks a formal system to accurately express the semantics of service behaviors and verify the correctness of a service choreography model. The paper presents a new approach of choreography model verification based on Description Logic. A metamodel of service choreography is built to provide a conceptual framework to capture the formal syntax and semantics of service choreography. Based on the framework, a set of rules and constraints are defined in Description Logic for choreography model verification. To automate model verification, the UML-based service choreography model will be transformed, by the given algorithms, into the DL-based ontology, and thus the model properties can be verified by reasoning through the ontology with the help of a popular DL reasoner. A case study is given to demonstrate applicability of the method. Furthermore, the work will be compared with other related researches.

  9. Can Conservation Contracts Co-exist with Change? Payment for Ecosystem Services in the Context of Adaptive Decision-Making and Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Tanya; Murtinho, Felipe; Cárdenas Camacho, Luis Mario; Crespo, Patricio; McHugh, Sarah; Salmerón, David

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the ability of payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs to operate in the context of dynamic and complex social-ecological systems. Drawing on the experiences of two different PES programs in Latin America, we examine how PES institutions fit with the tenets of adaptive decision-making for sustainable resource management. We identify how the program goals and the connection to the market influence the incentive structure, information gathering, learning and feedback processes, and the structure of decision-making rights, specifically the ability to make and modify resource-use rules. Although limited in their generalizability, findings from the two case studies suggest a tension between the contractual model of PES and adaptive decision-making in natural resource systems. PES programs are not inherently decentralized, flexible management tools, as PES contracts tend to restrict decision-making rights and offer minimal flexibility mechanisms to change resource-use practices over the duration of the contract period. Furthermore, PES design and flexibility is heavily dependent on the goals and mission of the buyer and the respective market. If PES is to facilitate sustainable resource management, greater attention is needed to assess how the institutional design of the PES contracts influence the motivation and capacity of participants and program officers alike to adaptively manage the respective resource systems.

  10. An Ontology-Based Service Matching Strategy in Grid Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Nan; SHEN De-rong; YU Ge; KOU Yue; NIE Tie-zheng; CAO Yu

    2004-01-01

    An efficient ontology-based service searching scheme is put forward in this paper by introducing semantic information into grid systems.The ideas of ontology and OWL (Web ontology language) are applied to establish a uniform abstract concept model and standardization for grid services.We propose a general framework of ontology-based service discovery sub-system, which includes ontology storage module, context-based domain selection module and specific service matching module.Implementation policies are also presented in this paper.

  11. Shade Trading: An Emerging Riparian Forest-Based Payment for Ecosystem Services Market in Oregon, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillozet, Kathleen

    2015-10-01

    This paper describes the regulatory and compliance context for Oregon's emerging ecosystem services (ES) market in riparian shade to meet water quality obligations. In Oregon's market as with many other ES programs, contracts and other regulatory documents not only delimit the obligations and liabilities of different parties, but also constitute a primary mechanism through which ES service delivery is measured. Through a review of compliance criteria I find that under Oregon's shade trades, permittees are held to a number of input-based criteria, which essentially affirm that parties comply with predetermined practices and procedures, and one `pseudo output based' criterion, in which ES delivery is estimated through a model. The case presented in the paper critically engages with the challenges of measuring ES and in assessing the outcomes of ES projects. It places these challenges as interrelated and proposes that market designers, policymakers, and other stakeholders should consider explicit efficacy, efficiency, and equity targets.

  12. Business model analysis of interest-based social networking services

    OpenAIRE

    Lehtinen, Ilari

    2013-01-01

    Objectives of the study This research paper sets out to examine interest-based social networking services and the underlying business models that provide the logic for value creation, delivery, and capture. The objective of this paper is to uncover the common characteristics of interest-based social networking services' business models in order to understand the necessary building blocks that need to be present for a new service to function properly. Furthermore, it aims at giving manager...

  13. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  14. Public utility contract between the French government and Electricite de France; Contrat de service public entre l'etat et Electricite de France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    According to the law from February 10, 2000, Electricite de France (EdF) is in charge of the execution of several missions of public utility. In a more specific way, the missions relative to the transport of electricity have been entrusted to the RTE, i.e. the service in charge of the management of the public network. RTE belongs to EdF but has a distinct liability in the carrying out of its public utility missions. Therefore, this contract comprises two distinct parts: one concerning EdF's commitments and one concerning RTE's commitments. The commitments concern the quality of supplies and services, the safety of facilities, the respect of the environment, the transparency, dialogue and ethics with respect to the public and its information, and the follow up and control of these commitments. (J.S.)

  15. Contract Automatic Generation Method Based on TASC Model%基于TASC模型的合同自动生成方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张恒; 李自臣

    2011-01-01

    通过可信自治服务协同模型解决因自治个体行为难以预测和控制而导致的协同可信危机.在该模型下,Agent之间通过服务合同建立协同关系.提出一种有效的服务合同生成方法,利用服务分类体系、基于适用情景的服务发现机制和服务合同协议模板进行求解,以一种快速查找、可重用的方式生成合同,从而提高服务组合的自动化程度,并给出可信自治式服务协同过程和服务合同自动生成过程.%TASC model can solve the cooperation trust crisis result from the phenomenon that it is difficult to predict and control the autonomy individual behavior. Under this model, service contract establishes cooperation relations between Agents. This paper proposes an effective service contract generation method. It uses service classification system, service discovery mechanism for scenario and service contract protocol template,generates contract in a fast and reusable way, thus improve the level of automation, and gives the process of trust autonomy service cooperation and service contract automatic generation.

  16. WEB SERVICE SELECTION ALGORITHM BASED ON PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Guosheng; Liu Jianxun; Tang Mingdong; Cao Buqing

    2013-01-01

    Existing Web service selection approaches usually assume that preferences of users have been provided in a quantitative form by users.However,due to the subjectivity and vagueness of preferences,it may be impractical for users to specify quantitative and exact preferences.Moreover,due to that Quality of Service (QoS) attributes are often interrelated,existing Web service selection approaches which employ weighted summation of QoS attribute values to compute the overall QoS of Web services may produce inaccurate results,since they do not take correlations among QoS attributes into account.To resolve these problems,a Web service selection framework considering user's preference priority is proposed,which incorporates a searching mechanism with QoS range setting to identify services satisfying the user's QoS constraints.With the identified service candidates,based on the idea of Principal Component Analysis (PCA),an algorithm of Web service selection named PCAoWSS (Web Service Selection based on PCA) is proposed,which can eliminate the correlations among QoS attributes and compute the overall QoS of Web services accurately.After computing the overall QoS for each service,the algorithm ranks the Web service candidates based on their overall QoS and recommends services with top QoS values to users.Finally,the effectiveness and feasibility of our approach are validated by experiments,i.e.the selected Web service by our approach is given high average evaluation than other ones by users and the time cost of PCA-WSS algorithm is not affected acutely by the number of service candidates.

  17. 77 FR 1039 - Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... Service Numbering, published at 76 FR 59551, September 27, 2011, in WC Docket No. 10-191, and published... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Internet-Based Telecommunications Relay Service Numbering AGENCY: Federal... rules that govern access to toll-free numbers by users of Internet- based Telecommunications...

  18. Ontology-based Semantic Search Engine for Healthcare Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jotsna Molly Rajan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available With the development of Web Services, the retrieval of relevant services has become a challenge. The keyword-based discovery mechanism using UDDI and WSDL is insufficient due to the retrievalof a large amount of irrelevant information. Also, keywords are insufficient in expressing semantic concepts since a single concept can be referred using syntactically different terms. Hence, service capabilities need to be manually analyzed, which lead to the development of the Semantic Web for automatic service discovery andretrieval of relevant services and resources. This work proposes the incorporation of Semantic matching methodology in Semantic Web for improving the efficiency and accuracy of the discovery mechanism.

  19. Web service based system for generating input data sets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article deals with a three-layer architectural model of a distributed information system based on Web services, which will be used for automatic generation of sets of input data. The information system will be constructed of a client layer, a service layer and of a data layer. The web services as a tool of developing distributed software systems will be presented briefly. A web service and the implementation of its web methods will be described. A way to use the developed web methods in real application will be proposed. Keywords: web services

  20. Service-based flexible workflow system for virtual enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-fei

    2008-01-01

    Using the services provided by virtual enterprises, we presented a solution to implement flexible inter-enterprise workflow management. Services were the responses of events that can be accessed programmatically on the Internet by HTTP protocol. Services were obtained according to some standardized service templates. The workflow engine's flexible control to a request was bound to appropriate services and their providers by using a constraint-based, dynamic binding mechanism. Hence, a flexible and collaborative business was achieved. The workflow management system supports virtual enterprise, and the styles of virtual enterprises can be adjusted readily to adapt various situations.

  1. Analyzing e-service quality in service-based website by E-SERVQUAL

    OpenAIRE

    Babak Nemati; Hossein Gazor; Seyed Norollah MirAshrafi; Kianoush Nazari Ameleh

    2012-01-01

    Over the past two decades, two-way communication via web-based exchanges has been a popular method for different activities such as electronic transaction, publication, broadcasting, and other service applications. However, it is always necessary to measure the performance quality of web services using different technique such as e-SERVQUAL model. The proposed study of this paper uses this technique for measuring the quality of Iranian university e-services. The proposed study distributes a s...

  2. Impact on the Performance of Health Workers Adopted Performance-Related Contracts in the Provision of Basic Public Health Service At Village and Township Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    ZHAO, Yaojun; HUO, Zhen’ang; WU, Jian; XIE, Shuangbao; ZHANG, Liang; FENG, Zhanchun

    2013-01-01

    Background This paper focus on the impact on the performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of a government stipulated package of basic public health service, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode. Methods: The concept of balanced scorecard was adopted and developed to gather the 11 evaluation indicators distributed in four quadrants. These were implemented using on-site questionnaire and interview design. Four thousand and twenty-one respondents at 30 administrative villages including 2674 respondents at 20 pilot villages and 1347 at 10 control villages were investigated. Meanwhile, 62 administration officials from three counties and nine townships were interviewed. Results: Eight of 11 evaluation indicators were obviously better in pilot counties than in Control County, The remaining three indicators respectively represented that equal, inferior to control county, and could not clear judge. Conclusion: The performance of health workers at village and township levels in the provision of basic public health service in pilot counties, which adopted the performance-related contracts mode, is better than before and control county. PMID:23785674

  3. Service quality of cloud-based applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Eric

    2014-01-01

    This book explains why applications running on cloud might not deliver the same service reliability, availability, latency and overall quality to end users as they do when the applications are running on traditional (non-virtualized, non-cloud) configurations, and explains what can be done to mitigate that risk.

  4. Reliability of Service-Based and Agent-Based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Huhns, Michael N.

    2010-01-01

    A description of the current problems of service-oriented architectures and service-oriented computing and how the solutions will come from using agent technology. That is, services will have to become more agent-like in order to succeed fully in the marketplace.

  5. Indoor location-based services prerequisites and foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Werner, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This book delivers concise coverage of classical methods and new developments related to indoor location-based services. It collects results from isolated domains including geometry, artificial intelligence, statistics, cooperative algorithms, and distributed systems and thus provides an accessible overview of fundamental methods and technologies. This makes it an ideal starting point for researchers, students, and professionals in pervasive computing. Location-based services are services using the location of a mobile computing device as their primary input. While such services are fairly e

  6. Trust Evaluation Model based on Multiple Service Attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxue Ma

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available when the most trusted models evaluate level of trust about service entities at present, the credibility of the service attributes whether the two sides trading result is credible is rather ambiguous, which makes the evaluation model lack of persuasion, and not very good depict the complexity and uncertainty of trust relationship between the two sides. In view of the above questions, learning trust relationship from human society, according to the service of the node itself, abstracting representative multiple service attributes from the trusted relationship of the node service, service requester comprehensive evaluates multiple service attributes provided by service provider based on personal interest, and combines with the trust value, decide whether to trade finally; after the transaction, service request calculates QoS(quality of service difference degree according to actual QoS and service provider’own QoS claimed to judge the credibility of service provider, then gives corresponding rewards and punishment and trust update. Simulation results show that the model can evaluative accurately the node’s trust degree and effectively control of malicious nodes attack, when the malicious nodes have a higher proportion in the system ,it can still keep high success rate.

  7. Service quality, trust, and patient satisfaction in interpersonal-based medical service encounters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Ching-Sheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Interaction between service provider and customer is the primary core of service businesses of different natures, and the influence of trust on service quality and customer satisfaction could not be ignored in interpersonal-based service encounters. However, lack of existing literature on the correlation between service quality, patient trust, and satisfaction from the prospect of interpersonal-based medical service encounters has created a research gap in previous studies. Therefore, this study attempts to bridge such a gap with an evidence-based practice study. Methods We adopted a cross-sectional design using a questionnaire survey of outpatients in seven medical centers of Taiwan. Three hundred and fifty copies of questionnaire were distributed, and 285 valid copies were retrieved, with a valid response rate of 81.43%. The SPSS 14.0 and AMOS 14.0 (structural equation modeling statistical software packages were used for analysis. Structural equation modeling clarifies the extent of relationships between variables as well as the chain of cause and effect. Restated, SEM results do not merely show empirical relationships between variables when defining the practical situation. For this reason, SEM was used to test the hypotheses. Results Perception of interpersonal-based medical service encounters positively influences service quality and patient satisfaction. Perception of service quality among patients positively influences their trust. Perception of trust among patients positively influences their satisfaction. Conclusions According to the findings, as interpersonal-based medical service encounters will positively influence service quality and patient satisfaction, and the differences for patients’ perceptions of the professional skill and communication attitude of personnel in interpersonal-based medical service encounters will influence patients’ overall satisfaction in two ways: (A interpersonal-based medical

  8. P2MP MPLS-Based Hierarchical Service Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaki, Kenji; Nakagawa, Ikuo; Nagami, Kenichi; Ogishi, Tomohiko; Ano, Shigehiro

    This paper proposes a point-to-multipoint (P2MP) Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) based hierarchical service management system. Traditionally, general management systems deployed in some service providers control MPLS Label Switched Paths (LSPs) (e.g., RSVP-TE and LDP) and services (e.g., L2VPN, L3VPN and IP) separately. In order for dedicated management systems for MPLS LSPs and services to cooperate with each other automatically, a hierarchical service management system has been proposed with the main focus on point-to-point (P2P) TE LSPs in MPLS path management. In the case where P2MP TE LSPs and services are deployed in MPLS networks, the dedicated management systems for P2MP TE LSPs and services must work together automatically. Therefore, this paper proposes a new algorithm that uses a correlation between P2MP TE LSPs and multicast VPN services based on a P2MP MPLS-based hierarchical service management architecture. Also, the capacity and performance of the proposed algorithm are evaluated by simulations, which are actually based on certain real MPLS production networks, and are compared to that of the algorithm for P2P TE LSPs. Results show this system is very scalable within real MPLS production networks. This system, with the automatic correlation, appears to be deployable in real MPLS production networks.

  9. Building Cloud-based Biometric Services

    OpenAIRE

    Žganec Gros, Jerneja; Bule, Jernej; Štruc, Vitomir; PEER, PETER

    2013-01-01

    Over the next few years the amount of biometric data being at the disposal of various agencies and authentication service providers is expected to grow significantly. Such quantities of data require not only enormous amounts of storage but unprecedented processing power as well. To be able to face this future challenges more and more people are looking towards cloud computing, which can address these challenges quite effectively with its seemingly unlimited storage capacity, ra...

  10. Analysis of Trust-Based Approaches for Web Service Selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola; Miotto, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    The basic tenet of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is the possibility of building distributed applications on the Web by using Web services as fundamental building blocks. The proliferation of such services is considered the second wave of evolution in the Internet age, moving the Web from...... a collection of pages to a collections of services. Consensus is growing that this Web service revolution wont eventuate until we resolve trust-related issues. Indeed, the intrinsic openness of the SOC vision makes crucial to locate useful services and recognize them as trustworthy. In this paper we review...... the field of trust-based Web service selection, providing a structured classification of current approaches and highlighting the main limitations of each class and of the overall field....

  11. A Survey on Trust-Based Web Service Provision Approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragoni, Nicola

    2010-01-01

    The basic tenet of Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is the possibility of building distributed applications on the Web by using Web Services as fundamental building blocks. The proliferation of such services is considered the second wave of evolution in the Internet age, moving the Web from...... a collection of pages to a collections of services. Consensus is growing that this Web Service “revolution” won't eventuate until we resolve trust-related issues. Indeed, the intrinsic openness of the SOC vision makes crucial to locate useful services and recognize them as trustworthy. In this paper we review...... the field of trust-based Web Service selection, providing a structured classification of current approaches and highlighting the main limitations of each class and of the overall field. As a result, we claim that a soft notion of trust lies behind such weaknesses and we advocate the need of a new approach...

  12. Stochastic contraction-based observer and controller design algorithm with application to a flight vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Majeed; Narayan Kar, Indra

    2015-11-01

    This paper focuses on a stochastic version of contraction theory to construct observer-controller structure for a flight dynamic system with noisy velocity measurement. A nonlinear stochastic observer is designed to estimate the pitch rate, the pitch angle, and the velocity of an aircraft example model using stochastic contraction theory. Estimated states are used to compute feedback control for solving a tracking problem. The structure and gain selection of the observer is carried out using Itô's stochastic differential equations and the contraction theory. The contraction property of integrated observer-controller structure is derived to ensure the exponential convergence of the trajectories of closed-loop nonlinear system. The upper bound of the state estimation error is explicitly derived and the efficacy of the proposed observer-controller structure has been shown through the numerical simulations.

  13. Activity-based costing in a service organization

    OpenAIRE

    Spence, Frank W.

    1993-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Relative to the research on activity-based costing in manufacturing environments, very little research has been done in service organizations. This thesis is a comparative analysis of a traditional cost accounting system with an activity-based cost accounting system in a medium-sized mass transit system. The purpose of the analysis was to determine whether activity-based accounting techniques can effectively be applied in a service in...

  14. Classification of pregnancy and labor contractions using a graph theory based analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nader, N; Hassan, M; Falou, W; Diab, A; Al-Omar, S; Khalil, M; Marque, C

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, we propose a new framework to characterize the electrohysterographic (EHG) signals recorded during pregnancy and labor. The approach is based on the analysis of the propagation of the uterine electrical activity. The processing pipeline includes i) the estimation of the statistical dependencies between the different recorded EHG signals, ii) the characterization of the obtained connectivity matrices using network measures and iii) the use of these measures in clinical application: the classification between pregnancy and labor. Due to its robustness to volume conductor, we used the imaginary part of coherence in order to produce the connectivity matrix which is then transformed into a graph. We evaluate the performance of several graph measures. We also compare the results with the parameter mostly used in the literature: the peak frequency combined with the propagation velocity (PV +PF). Our results show that the use of the network measures is a promising tool to classify labor and pregnancy contractions with a small superiority of the graph strength over PV+PF.

  15. Can Market-Based Contracts Substitute for Alliances in High Technology Markets?

    OpenAIRE

    Markus Nordberg; Alexandra J Campbell; Alain Verbeke

    1996-01-01

    Most current research on technology alliances assumes that trading partners are free to select an optimal governance structure. However, for international scientific research centers working with advanced technologies, the choices for industrial collaboration are often limited to short-term contracts. This research investigates whether in high technology settings, such short-term contracts can substitute for longer-term cooperative alliances. While the short-term transaction costs are high, t...

  16. Ontology management in a service-oriented architecture: Architecture of an knowledge base access service

    OpenAIRE

    Moßgraber, Jürgen; Rospocher, M.

    2012-01-01

    An increasing number of information systems integrate semantic data stores for managing ontologies. To access these knowledge bases most of the available implementations provide application programming interfaces (APIs). The implementations of these APIs normally do not support any kind of network protocol or service interface. This works fine as long as a monolithic system is developed. If the need arises to integrate such a knowledge base into a service-oriented architecture a different app...

  17. Validation of Context Based Service Discovery Protocol for Ubiquitous Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandi Giridharan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Service Discovery Protocol (SDP is important in ubiquitous applications, where a large number of devicesand software components collaborate unobtrusively and provide numerous services without userintervention. Existing service discovery schemes use a service matching process in order to offer services ofinterest to the users. Potentially, the context information of the users and surrounding environment can beused to improve the quality of service matching. We propose a C-IOB (Context- Information, Observationand Belief based service discovery model, which deals with the above challenges by processing the contextinformation and by formulating the beliefs based on the basis of observations. With these formulated beliefsthe required services will be provided to the users. In this work, we present an approach for automatedvalidation of C-IOB based service discovery model in a typical ubiquitous museum environment, where theexternal behavior of the system can be predicted and compared to a model of expected behavior from theoriginal requirements. Formal specification using SDL (Specification and Description Language basedsystem has been used to conduct verification and validation of the system. The purpose of this framework isto provide a formal basis for their performance evaluation and behavioral study of the SDP.

  18. Different approaches to contracting in health systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrot, Jean

    2006-11-01

    Contracting is one of the tools increasingly being used to enhance the performance of health systems in both developed and developing countries; it takes different forms and cannot be limited to the mere purchase of services. Actors adopt contracting to formalize all kinds of relations established between them. A typology for this approach will demonstrate its diversity and provide a better understanding of the various issues raised by contracting. In recent years the way health systems are organized has changed significantly. To remedy the under-performance of their health systems, most countries have undertaken reforms that have resulted in major institutional overhaul, including decentralization of health and administrative services, autonomy for public service providers, separation of funding bodies and service providers, expansion of health financing options and the development of the profit or nonprofit private sector. These institutional reshuffles lead not only to multiplication and diversification of the actors involved, but also to greater separation of the service provision and administrative functions. Health systems are becoming more complex and can no longer operate in isolation. Actors are gradually realizing that they need to forge relations. The simplest way to do that is through dialogue, although some prefer a more formal commitment. Interaction between actors may take various forms and be on different scales. There are several types of contractual relations: some are based on the nature of the contract (public or private), others on the parties involved and yet others on the scope of the contract. Here they are classified into three categories according to the object of the contract: delegation of responsibility, act of purchase of services, or cooperation.

  19. STUDY& ANALYSIS OF CLOUD BASED ERP SERVICES

    OpenAIRE

    Rajeev Sharma; Bright Keswani

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research paper is to explore the knowledge of the existing studies related to cloud computing current trend. The outcome of my work will be demonstrated in the form of diagram which will exemplify the ERP integration process for in-house and cloud eco-system. It will provide a conceptual view to the new client or entrepreneurs using ERP services and explain them how to deal with two stages of ERP systems (cloud and in-house). Also suggest how to improve knowledge ...

  20. 3 CFR - Government Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... serve the Federal Government's needs and to manage the risk associated with the goods and services being... misuse, or otherwise not well designed to serve the needs of the Federal Government or the interests of... contract oversight could reduce such sums significantly. Government outsourcing for services also...

  1. Contracts in distributed systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  2. Foundations of Blueprint for Cloud-based Service Engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nguyen, D.K.

    2011-01-01

    Current cloud-based service offerings are often provided as one-size-fits-all solution and give little or no room for customization. This limits the ability for application developers to pick and choose offerings from multiple software, platform and infrastructure service providers and configure the

  3. Location-Based Services and Privacy in Airports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, John Paulin; Alapetite, Alexandre; Andersen, Henning Boje;

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a study of privacy concerns related to location-based services in an airport, where users who volunteer for the service will be tracked for a limited period and within a limited area. Reactions elicited from travellers at a field trial showed 60% feeling to some or to a large...

  4. In-route skyline querying for location-based services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xuegang, Huang; Jensen, Kristian S.

    2005-01-01

    With the emergence of an infrastructure for location-aware mobile services, the processing of advanced, location-based queries that are expected to underlie such services is gaining in relevance, While much work has assumed that users move in Euclidean space, this paper assumes that movement is c...

  5. Bases for Vocational Education for Food Service Industry Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames.

    As a preliminary step in establishing bases for food service training programs, data were collected from a sample of institutions including 4,496 restaurants, 158 hospitals, 436 nursing homes, and 343 custodial homes. A second phase involved developing inventories of attitudes toward food service employment and administering them to high school…

  6. GEMBus based services composition platform for cloud PaaS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Demchenko; C. Ngo; P. Martínez-Julia; E. Torroglosa; M. Grammatikou; J. Jofre; S. Gheorghiu; J.A. Garcia-Espin; A.D. Perez-Morales; C. de Laat

    2012-01-01

    Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) provides an environment for creating and deploying applications using one of popular development platforms. This paper presents a practical solution for building a service composition platform based on the GEMBus (GEANT Multi-domain Bus) that extends the industry a

  7. RESEARCH ON REUSE-BASED WEB SERVICES COMPOSITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rao Yuan; Li Zunchao; Feng Boqin

    2005-01-01

    Objective To solve the three principal problems for reusing the software components, i.e., existence, discovery and availability principles, web services provided a new solution for reusing and assembling web software or components under distributed environment with a series of XML-based protocols. Methods A 4+1 meta-model between atomic services, such as Sequence, Parallelism, Alternation, Substitute and Iteration, and a kind of service composition description language in composition process are investigated. Furthermore, an architecture-based service composition model with Ontology Engine is proposed, which is based on the software architecture life-cycle model and provides a mechanism for services composition with dynamic management and deployment. Results The results of the prototype system development show that the service-composed application not only reused the web service components, but also reused the data resources located in distributed databases. Conclusion The method of reused-based web services composition observably decreases the period and cost of development and greatly improves the programming efficiency.

  8. Computer-Based Information Services in Medicine: A Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, P. H.; And Others

    The objectives of this study were to examine the need and potential demand for computer-based information services in the University of Otago medical libraries, to evaluate the various databases of interest, and to recommend the best means of access to such services. Data were collected through user and library surveys, an extensive literature…

  9. Agent-based Personal Network (PN) service architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Bo; Olesen, Henning

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we proposte a new concept for a centralized agent system as the solution for the PN service architecture, which aims to efficiently control and manage the PN resources and enable the PN based services to run seamlessly over different networks and devices. The working principle...

  10. Reinforcement Learning Based Web Service Compositions for Mobile Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Juan; Chen, Shouming

    In this paper, we propose a new solution to Reactive Web Service Composition, via molding with Reinforcement Learning, and introducing modified (alterable) QoS variables into the model as elements in the Markov Decision Process tuple. Moreover, we give an example of Reactive-WSC-based mobile banking, to demonstrate the intrinsic capability of the solution in question of obtaining the optimized service composition, characterized by (alterable) target QoS variable sets with optimized values. Consequently, we come to the conclusion that the solution has decent potentials in boosting customer experiences and qualities of services in Web Services, and those in applications in the whole electronic commerce and business sector.

  11. Investigation and Development of Quality of Service Management for Web based Services: Managing Quality of Service from the End-User Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dalton, Eamonn

    2000-01-01

    With the advent of Web based delivery of business applications and increasing dependency on these services, management of availability and performance are critical. For service providers to offer guarantees on Web based application performance of services delivered via Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), they must implement Quality of Service (QoS) and have a composite view of service quality across all the components in the service delivery chain including databases, networks ...

  12. Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the English National Health Service: the extension of a professional project?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Ruth; Campbell, Stephen; Lester, Helen

    2009-04-01

    This paper reports the impact on nurses working in primary health care settings of changes to the general practitioner (GP) contract in England implemented in 2004. Previous changes to the GP contract in 1990, which gave financial rewards for health promotion activities, were seen as enabling nurses to take on work that GPs did not want and providing an impetus for the development of a professional project (Broadbent, J. (1998). Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the British NHS: the advent of a professional project? Social Science & Medicine, 47(4), 497-506). Our study, which involved interviews with nurses from 20 practices, finds that nurses are taking on work which has previously been the exclusive preserve of medical professionals. An increasing emphasis in nurses' accounts on technical skills and knowledge may help decouple nursing from a narrative of caring, which has been seen as detracting from professional advancement. Our research suggests that practice nurse work is changing to reflect a more medical (and masculine) orientation to service delivery. At the same time, nursing work is described as routine and template driven, which may limit claims to 'professional' status. The reaction of some practice nurses to Health Care Assistants encroaching on what was previously practice nurse territory suggests a policing of boundaries, rather than an inclusive approach to colleagues within the nursing team. This resonates with Davies' (Davies, C. (1995). Gender and the professional predicament in nursing. Bucks: Open University Press) suggestion that professionalisation as a process involves compliance with a masculine notion of professionalism (autonomous, elite, individual, divisive, detached) which marginalises feminine attributes and devalues the work done by women. The study also raises questions about the role of caring in general practice settings where nurses choose to prioritise other concerns. PMID:19254819

  13. Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the English National Health Service: the extension of a professional project?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Ruth; Campbell, Stephen; Lester, Helen

    2009-04-01

    This paper reports the impact on nurses working in primary health care settings of changes to the general practitioner (GP) contract in England implemented in 2004. Previous changes to the GP contract in 1990, which gave financial rewards for health promotion activities, were seen as enabling nurses to take on work that GPs did not want and providing an impetus for the development of a professional project (Broadbent, J. (1998). Practice nurses and the effects of the new general practitioner contract in the British NHS: the advent of a professional project? Social Science & Medicine, 47(4), 497-506). Our study, which involved interviews with nurses from 20 practices, finds that nurses are taking on work which has previously been the exclusive preserve of medical professionals. An increasing emphasis in nurses' accounts on technical skills and knowledge may help decouple nursing from a narrative of caring, which has been seen as detracting from professional advancement. Our research suggests that practice nurse work is changing to reflect a more medical (and masculine) orientation to service delivery. At the same time, nursing work is described as routine and template driven, which may limit claims to 'professional' status. The reaction of some practice nurses to Health Care Assistants encroaching on what was previously practice nurse territory suggests a policing of boundaries, rather than an inclusive approach to colleagues within the nursing team. This resonates with Davies' (Davies, C. (1995). Gender and the professional predicament in nursing. Bucks: Open University Press) suggestion that professionalisation as a process involves compliance with a masculine notion of professionalism (autonomous, elite, individual, divisive, detached) which marginalises feminine attributes and devalues the work done by women. The study also raises questions about the role of caring in general practice settings where nurses choose to prioritise other concerns.

  14. FRAMEWORK: ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING IN SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Medianeira Stefano

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Organizations have a constant need to be prepared to continue competing, which shows the search for alternatives for their stay in the market. It has become a common goal in today's business environment, to improve efficiency and restructure organization, turning it effective. In this context, information about costs has become increasingly important to support and justify the process of decision-making. This article is aimed at structuring a bibliography portfolio to treat the application of the ABC method in service and contribute to discussions within the scientific community. The methodology followed a three-stage procedure: Planning, execution and Synthesis. International databases were used to collect information (ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus. As a result, we obtained a bibliography portfolio of 21 articles (with scientific recognition dealing with the proposed theme.

  15. Graph based E-Government web service composition

    CERN Document Server

    Elmaghraoui, Hajar; Chiadmi, Dalila; Benhlima, Laila

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, e-government has emerged as a government policy to improve the quality and efficiency of public administrations. By exploiting the potential of new information and communication technologies, government agencies are providing a wide spectrum of online services. These services are composed of several web services that comply with well defined processes. One of the big challenges is the need to optimize the composition of the elementary web services. In this paper, we present a solution for optimizing the computation effort in web service composition. Our method is based on Graph Theory. We model the semantic relationship between the involved web services through a directed graph. Then, we compute all shortest paths using for the first time, an extended version of the Floyd-Warshall algorithm.

  16. 38 CFR 17.82 - Contracts for outpatient services for veterans with alcohol or drug dependence or abuse...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Comply with the requirements of the “Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records” (42 CFR... by the “Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records” (42 CFR part 2) and the... services for veterans with alcohol or drug dependence or abuse disabilities. 17.82 Section 17.82...

  17. Effectiveness of Contracted Services in Individualizing and Tailoring Mentor Programming for Children with Severe Emotional Disturbance in a Public System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owley, Gordon T.; Sternweis, Joan

    This conference paper discusses the results of a study that investigated the effects of a mentor service on 30 children with severe emotional disturbances and considered to be at extreme risk for out-of-home placement. The mentors provided regular, consistent, face-to-face and telephone contact with each child for five hours per week. The mentors…

  18. Web-Based Self-Service Systems for Managed IT Support: Service Provider Perspectives of Stakeholder-Based Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Vanessa A.; Lichtenstein, Sharman; Smith, Ross

    This chapter explores the provision of after-sales information technology (IT) support services using Web-based self-service systems (WSSs) in a business-to-business (B2B) context. A recent study conducted at six large multi-national IT support organisations revealed a number of critical success factors (CSFs) and stakeholder-based issues. To better identify and understand these important enablers and barriers, we explain how WSSs should be considered within a complex network of service providers, business partners and customer firms. The CSFs and stakeholder-based issues are discussed. The chapter highlights that for more successful service provision using WSSs, IT service providers should collaborate more effectively with enterprise customers and business partners and should better integrate their WSSs.

  19. A Software Service Framework Model Based on Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents an agent-based software service framework model called ASF, and definesthe basic concepts and structure of ASF model. It also describes the management and process mechanismsin ASF model.

  20. 48 CFR 237.102-70 - Prohibition on contracting for firefighting or security-guard functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 237.102-70 Prohibition on contracting for... by reason of a deployment. (b) Under Section 2907 of Public Law 103-160, this prohibition does...

  1. Research on the Purchase of Service Contracting under the Horizon of Economic Law%经济法视域下政府购买服务研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁金华

    2015-01-01

    政府购买服务在理论上属于经济法范畴,应纳入经济法调整。界定政府购买服务的经济法属性、辨识经济合同、预设经济法律关系以及检视国内外实践中经济法的规制范式,有助于理清政府购买服务在经济法调整下的完善进路,促进其良性发展。%Purchase of Service Contracting (POSC) belongs to the category of economic law in theory ,so it should be incorporated into the field of economic law .The article is to define the nature of the POSC ,to identify the economic contract ,to analyze the economic legal relationship ,and to review the regulation paradigm of eco-nomic law in POSC practiced at home and abroad .At last ,it puts forward some suggestions to improve sound de-velopment under the horizon of economic law and hope it can be helpful for POSC in China .

  2. Online Shopping Service Supply Chain Coordination Contract Considering Bilateral Service Level%考虑双边服务水平的网购服务供应链协调契约

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦星红; 苏强; 李贵萍

    2016-01-01

    本文考虑了由单个网络商店和单个第三方物流企业( TPL)所构成的二级网购服务供应链,在双方服务水平同时影响市场需求的情况下,研究了网购服务供应链的服务质量协调问题。通过对比分散式和集中式供应链中各方的均衡决策,指出传统价格契约的不足,提出采用收益共享契约对供应链进行协调,并分析了该契约实现供应链协调的条件和局限。研究结果表明:收益共享契约能激励双方提高服务水平、实现供应链协调;协调契约实施前后各方的基本服务水平对各自的收益和服务决策均有正向影响,且相应的影响在协调契约下更明显。此外,研究还指出供应链系统可能会因TPL服务能力不足发生服务拥塞,使得系统运营效率降低。最后,通过算例验证了收益共享契约的有效性,并对主要参数的灵敏度进行了分析。%In this paper , service quality coordination mechanism is studied in a two-layer service supply chain that consists of one online store and one TPL with the market demand dependent on their service levels .Service decisions are compared and analyzed in two different scenarios:decentralized decision and centralized decision . And then the limitations of the traditional price-only contract in the first scenario are pointed out .Considering the scenario of centralized decision as a benchmark , we propose a revenue sharing contract ( RSC ) as a method to coordin ate the decentralized supply chain and give the conditions and limitations of the contract to realize supply chain coordination .The results show that the RSC can motivate both online store and TPL to improve service lev-el and realize service supply chain coordination .Moreover , the result shows that basic service levels of all mem-bers have a positive influence on their service decision in the two scenarios , and the effect is greater in the sec-ond scenario .However , the

  3. ESO Signs Largest-Ever European Industrial Contract For Ground-Based Astronomy Project ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, announced today that it has signed a contract with the consortium led by Alcatel Alenia Space and composed also of European Industrial Engineering (Italy) and MT Aerospace (Germany), to supply 25 antennas for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) project, along with an option for another seven antennas. The contract, worth 147 million euros, covers the design, manufacture, transport and on-site integration of the antennas. It is the largest contract ever signed in ground-based astronomy in Europe. The ALMA antennas present difficult technical challenges, since the antenna surface accuracy must be within 25 microns, the pointing accuracy within 0.6 arc seconds, and the antennas must be able to be moved between various stations on the ALMA site. This is especially remarkable since the antennas will be located outdoor in all weather conditions, without any protection. Moreover, the ALMA antennas can be pointed directly at the Sun. ALMA will have a collecting area of more than 5,600 square meters, allowing for unprecedented measurements of extremely faint objects. The signing ceremony took place on December 6, 2005 at ESO Headquarters in Garching, Germany. "This contract represents a major milestone. It allows us to move forward, together with our American and Japanese colleagues, in this very ambitious and unique project," said ESO's Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky. "By building ALMA, we are giving European astronomers access to the world's leading submillimetre facility at the beginning of the next decade, thereby fulfilling Europe's desire to play a major role in this field of fundamental research." Pascale Sourisse, Chairman and CEO of Alcatel Alenia Space, said: "We would like to thank ESO for trusting us to take on this new challenge. We are bringing to the table not only our recognized expertise in antenna development, but also our long-standing experience in

  4. Privacy for location-based services

    CERN Document Server

    Ghinita, Gabriel

    2013-01-01

    Sharing of location data enables numerous exciting applications, such as location-based queries, location-based social recommendations, monitoring of traffic and air pollution levels, etc. Disclosing exact user locations raises serious privacy concerns, as locations may give away sensitive information about individuals' health status, alternative lifestyles, political and religious affiliations, etc. Preserving location privacy is an essential requirement towards the successful deployment of location-based applications. These lecture notes provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in locatio

  5. Exploring limits to market-based reform: managed competition and rehabilitation home care services in Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Glen E; Williams, A Paul

    2006-04-01

    The rise of neo-liberalism, which suggests that only markets can deliver maximum economic efficiency, has been a driving force behind the trend towards using market-based solutions to correct health care problems. However, the broad application of market-based reforms has tended to assume the presence of fully functioning markets. When there are barriers to markets functioning effectively, such as the absence of adequate competition, recourse to market-based solutions can be expected to produce less than satisfactory, if not paradoxical results. One such case is rehabilitation homecare in Ontario, Canada. In 1996, a "managed competition" model was introduced as part of a province-wide reform of home care in an attempt to encourage high quality at competitive prices. However, in the case of rehabilitation home care services, significant obstacles to achieving effective competition existed. Notably, there were few private provider agencies to bid on contracts due to the low volume and specialized nature of services. There were also structural barriers such as the presence of unionized employees and obstacles to the entry of new providers. This paper evaluates the impact of Ontario's managed competition reform on community-based rehabilitation services. It draws on data obtained through 49 in-depth key informant interviews and a telephone survey of home care coordinating agencies and private rehabilitation provider agencies. Instead of reducing costs and improving quality, as the political rhetoric promised, the analysis suggests that providing rehabilitation homecare services under managed competition resulted in higher per-visit costs and reduced access to services. These findings support the contention that there are limits to market-based reforms. PMID:16198035

  6. Integración vertical y contratación externa en los servicios generales de los hospitales españoles Vertical integration and contracting-out in generic hospital services in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Puig-Junoy

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Este estudio analiza los factores que influyen en las decisiones de integración vertical/contratación externa de cuatro servicios generales (limpieza, lavandería, alimentación y seguridad y mantenimiento en los hospitales españoles (3.160 transacciones que corresponden a 790 hospitales. Métodos: Se presenta la estimación empírica de un modelo logístico de maximización de la utilidad de los hospitales, en el que intervienen no sólo factores relacionados con los costes de transacción, sino también otros relacionados con la intervención pública y la dimensión política. Resultados: El 55,7% de los hospitales contrata al menos uno de los servicios generales analizados. El servicio de limpieza es el que presenta un mayor grado de contratación externa (45,1%, seguido del servicio de seguridad y mantenimiento (32,5%. En cambio, el servicio de lavandería es el que presenta un mayor grado de integración vertical (94,3% junto con el de alimentación (80,1%. La dimensión del hospital (economías de escala, medida a través del número de camas, es una de las variables que influyen de forma importante la decisión de integración vertical o contratación externa de los servicios de limpieza, alimentación y mantenimiento y seguridad. Conclusiones: Las economías de escala contribuyen a una mayor integración vertical, mientras que la especialización y el carácter lucrativo favorecen la decisión de contratación externa. El servicio de lavandería tiene un comportamiento diferenciado de los demás, mostrando efectos que indican la posible presencia de activos específicos.Objectives: This study examines the factors that influence make or buy decisions corresponding to four generic services (housekeeping, laundry, food services, and maintenance and security in Spanish hospitals (3,160 transactions in 790 hospitals. Methods: The empirical estimation of a logistic model based on hospital utility maximization is presented

  7. 3D Myocardial Contraction Imaging Based on Dynamic Grid Interpolation: Theory and Simulation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bu, Shuhui; Shiina, Tsuyoshi; Yamakawa, Makoto; Takizawa, Hotaka

    Accurate assessment of local myocardial contraction is important for diagnosis of ischemic heart disease, because decreases of myocardial motion often appear in the early stages of the disease. Three-dimensional (3-D) assessment of the stiffness distribution is required for accurate diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Since myocardium motion occurs radially within the left ventricle wall and the ultrasound beam propagates axially, conventional approaches, such as tissue Doppler imaging and strain-rate imaging techniques, cannot provide us with enough quantitative information about local myocardial contraction. In order to resolve this problem, we propose a novel myocardial contraction imaging system which utilizes the weighted phase gradient method, the extended combined autocorrelation method, and the dynamic grid interpolation (DGI) method. From the simulation results, we conclude that the strain image's accuracy and contrast have been improved by the proposed method.

  8. Computation of fractal features based on the fractal analysis of surface electromyogram to estimate force of contraction of different muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poosapadi Arjunan, Sridhar; Kumar, Dinesh Kant

    2014-01-01

    This research study investigates the fractal properties of surface Electromyogram (sEMG) to estimate the force levels of contraction of three muscles with different cross-sectional areas (CSA): m. quadriceps--vastus lateralis, m. biceps brachii, andm. flexor digitorum superficialis. The fractal features were computed based on the fractal analysis of sEMG, signal recorded while performing sustained muscle contraction at different force levels. A comparison was performed between the fractal features and five other features reported in the literature. Linear regression analysis was carried out to determine the relationship between the force of contraction (20-100%) and features of sEMG. The results from the coefficients of regression r² show that the new fractal feature, maximum fractal length of the signal has highest correlation (range 0.88-0.90) when compared with other features which ranges from 0.34 to 0.74 for the three different muscles. This study suggests that the estimation of various levels of sustained contraction of muscles with varied CSA will provide a better insight into the biomechanics model that involves muscle properties and muscle activation.

  9. Linear-contract Mechanisms Based on the Risk Preference of an Agent in a Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    With respect to different risk preference of an agent in a supply chain, linear-contract models are designed according to the principal-agent theory. The study shows that the risk preference of an agent directly correlates with the incentive compensation coefficient of principal, order quantity of principal and production capability level of the agent. The principal should offer an appropriate incentive contract according to the risk preference of the agent, or choose an agent holding a different risk preference to establish the supply chain.

  10. Smart learning services based on smart cloud computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Svetlana; Song, Su-Mi; Yoon, Yong-Ik

    2011-01-01

    Context-aware technologies can make e-learning services smarter and more efficient since context-aware services are based on the user's behavior. To add those technologies into existing e-learning services, a service architecture model is needed to transform the existing e-learning environment, which is situation-aware, into the environment that understands context as well. The context-awareness in e-learning may include the awareness of user profile and terminal context. In this paper, we propose a new notion of service that provides context-awareness to smart learning content in a cloud computing environment. We suggest the elastic four smarts (E4S)--smart pull, smart prospect, smart content, and smart push--concept to the cloud services so smart learning services are possible. The E4S focuses on meeting the users' needs by collecting and analyzing users' behavior, prospecting future services, building corresponding contents, and delivering the contents through cloud computing environment. Users' behavior can be collected through mobile devices such as smart phones that have built-in sensors. As results, the proposed smart e-learning model in cloud computing environment provides personalized and customized learning services to its users.

  11. A Novel Active Network Architecture Based on Extensible Services Router

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Active networks are a new kind of packet-switched networks in which packets have code fragments that are executed on the intermediary nodes (routers). The code can extend or modify the foundation architecture of a network. In this paper, the authors present a novel active network architecture combined with advantages of two major active networks technology based on extensible services router. The architecture consists of extensible service router, active extensible components server and key distribution center (KDC). Users can write extensible service components with programming interface. At the present time, we have finished the extensible services router prototype system based on Highly Efficient Router Operating System (HEROS), active extensible components server and KDC prototype system based on Linux.

  12. 对机构养老服务合同纠纷及其主体义务的探究——以机构养老服务合同纠纷为视角%Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly and Obligation of Subject---From the Perspective of Contract Dispute of Institutional Service for the Elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春普; 孙琳

    2011-01-01

    近年来养老服务合同纠纷日渐增多,主要分为人身类和财产类两部分。究其原因,养老机构资质欠缺、老年人及其关系人认知错误及现有法律、行政法规的缺乏,致使双方的义务不明确。合同义务有约定与法定、给付与附随之分。养老机构与入住老年人及其关系人的给付义务分别为依约提供养老服务、配备合理养老服务资源、健全个人档案和及时支付养老服务的费用。双方附随义务主要为告知与协助义务。除此之外,安全保障是养老机构特有的附随义务。%In recent years, the contract disputes of institutional service for the elderly including person and property have been increasing day by day because of the lack of qualification of elder care facility, cognitive errors of the elderly and some people related to them and the lack of laws and administrative regulations. The contract deals with negotiated and legal obligations, and benefit and collateral obligations. The benefit obligations of subjects in contract of institutional service for the elderly include provision of service in accordance with negotiation, rational deployment of resources, sound filing and timely payment. The collateral obligations of the parties concerned mainly deal with information and assistance. Besides, safeguard for security is the specific collateral obligation of elder care facility.

  13. An Analytical Model for Service Profile Based Service Quality of an Institutional eLibrary

    CERN Document Server

    Abbas, Ash Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    Devising a scheme for evaluating the service quality of an institutional electronic library is a difficult and challenging task. The challenge comes from the fact that the services provided by an institutional electronic library depend upon the contents requested by the users and the contents housed by the library. Different types of users might be interested in different types of contents. In this paper, we propose a technique for evaluating the service quality of an institutional electronic library. Our scheme is based on the service profiles of contents requested by the users at the server side which is hosted at the library. Further, we propose models to analyze the service quality of an electronic library. For analyzing the service quality, we present two analytical models. The first one is based on the number of days by which the item to be served by the library is delayed and the penalty points per day for the duration for which the item is delayed. The second model is based on the credits earned by th...

  14. SECURE SERVICE DISCOVERY BASED ON PROBE PACKET MECHANISM FOR MANETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Pariselvam

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In MANETs, Service discovery process is always considered to be crucial since they do not possess a centralized infrastructure for communication. Moreover, different services available through the network necessitate varying categories. Hence, a need arises for devising a secure probe based service discovery mechanism to reduce the complexity in providing the services to the network users. In this paper, we propose a Secure Service Discovery Based on Probe Packet Mechanism (SSDPPM for identifying the DoS attack in MANETs, which depicts a new approach for estimating the level of trust present in each and every routing path of a mobile ad hoc network by using probe packets. Probing based service discovery mechanisms mainly identifies a mobile node’s genuineness using a test packet called probe that travels the entire network for the sake of computing the degree of trust maintained between the mobile nodes and it’s attributed impact towards the network performance. The performance of SSDPPM is investigated through a wide range of network related parameters like packet delivery, throughput, Control overhead and total overhead using the version ns-2.26 network simulator. This mechanism SSDPPM, improves the performance of the network in an average by 23% and 19% in terms of packet delivery ratio and throughput than the existing service discovery mechanisms available in the literature.

  15. Mobile Police Information System Based on Web Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The demand for communications anywhere, anytime, and on any device without recording the date is growing with the development of modern information technologies. Current wireless communications enable people to freely exchange information, while web services provide loosely-coupled, language-neutral, and platform-independent ways of linking applications within organizations, across enterprises, and across the Internet. This paper describes a mobile information system for police service, which integrates wireless communication technologies and web service technologies. The system satisfies the special demands of police information systems, such as security and interoperability. Policemen in the system can use various kinds of mobile terminals, such as mobile phones, tablet PCs, personal digital assistants, and laptops equipped with wireless LAN or GPRS to access data in the central database. The system is based on web services with a secure web service architecture and simple object access protocol message passing.

  16. SDAA: Towards Service Discovery Anywhere Anytime Mobile Based Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehedi Masud

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Providing on-demand service based on customers' current location is an urgent need for many societies and individuals. Specially, for woman, elderly people, single mother, sick people, etc. Considering the need of providing localized services, this paper proposes a mobile application framework that allows an individual to receive services from his neighborhood peers anywhere anytime. The application allows an individual to find and select reliable service providers near his location. The application will provide an opportunity to the interested individuals to use their free time for providing services to the community and earn some extra money. This application will benefit many stakeholders like elderly people, women at home, a person while traveling in an unknown place, etc. A prototype application is developed and empirical evaluation is considered to find the qualitative measures of the users' acceptability and satisfaction of the application. It is observed that users' satisfaction is high.

  17. The Use of Privacy Icons and Standard Contract Terms for Generating Consumer Trust and Confidence in Digital Services

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Lilian; Abel, Wiebke

    2014-01-01

    In the wake of the Snowden revelations about covert state access to consumer data stored in the cloud, consumer confidence about the handling of their personal data in the Cloud in particular, and in digital services in general, has suffered a severe blow.  This is particularly true in Europe, where in general consumers expect a higher standard of privacy protection than in the US, both by law and as a matter of cultural norms. Accordingly this report was commissioned to examine two ...

  18. Emerging commercial opportunities based on combined communication navigation services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Eberhard; Fox, Brian M.; Kreisel, Joerg

    2006-07-01

    Cost reduction pressure on companies and increasing regulatory and legislative demand together with rapid technological progress in space-based communication and navigation are opening up new and exciting commercial opportunities. In this framework, a novel service for maritime applications is presented using a two-way messaging system and the global navigation satellite system (GNSS). The system implements an end-to-end solution for asset tracking and fleet management, positioning and tracing, messaging and security for all types of sea-going vessels. The service applies a vessel-based terminal hosting a GNSS receiver which transmits the navigation status together with messages to a Service Center with a flexible return-link capability. A hybrid space segment is considered comprising the Inmarsat constellation of geostationary communications satellites augmented by two highly inclined low earth orbit satellites for truly global services. Services will be offered to commercial enterprises such as fishing companies as well as public entities such as National Coast Guards. A detailed market analysis has been performed to assess these markets and to determine their penetration. Commercial viability has been proven for business models purely based on Inmarsat and a hybrid space segment using Inmarsat and dedicated micro-satellites. Both cases represent viable businesses in the range of MEUR 100 p.a. Although tailored to a specific market, the approach can be extended to other commercial opportunities requiring space-based communication-navigation services.

  19. 77 FR 10577 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional International Business Reply... it has entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) contract.\\1\\ The Postal... International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February 13,...

  20. CVP Service Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Federal Water Contract Service Area boundaries are incorporated boundaries of districts having contracts with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), within...